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Entered at N. Y. P. O. ns Second-class Matter, 


Peirce School 

TEST PROBLEMS is the title of a col- 
lection of business problems that has just been 
issued. Its nucleus is the little volume issued 
by Doctor Peirce a few years ago, which met 
with much favor among teachers and business 
students. In its amplified form, it should meet 
with a cordial reception. Sent postpaid for 
twenty-five cents per copy. 

Public and Parochial Schools 




Send for Descriptive Catalogue of Publications. 





>0ffERs];uiLDIH6 (IH'CAGO.^ 




9x7-919 Chestnut Street, Pbiladelphta. ^^^ for sample pages. 



1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

out answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, $1.50 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

tial part of the complete book Retail price, $1.00 


CORRESPONDENCE Retail price, $1.00 

With proper discountx to Schools, 

of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, under Mr. Munson's 

supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the study of Munson 

Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

Our COMMERCIAL LAW continues to win 
many friends — because it is written in plain language and is 
practical and logical. 

We absolutely guarantee that you will like this 

We have issued a New Work on Shorthand. Write 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

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Sample cgfjji^ffTlie Zanerian^^ipent mailed free of charge. 


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wCfC^tsSi^ti^^^fS^^ moi^t\% for practice in Business 
and Ornamental Writing and Flourishing are most 
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PRICE, PREPAID, - $1.00. 

H. B. LEHMAN, Valparaiso, Ind. 



For the most Taking Design for an Ad. composed of the following matter, 
illuminated, size 3x5 inches, in Jet Black or Indian Ink. 

BS= AWARD, FEB. 1, 1897. 


Ready Mar. i, iSgy. Price to Subscribers, $2.00, 

soLicrroRS solicited. 

Teachers and Penmen Favored. Exclusive Field. Every State. 
References Required. 

THE ELLSWORTH COMPANY, - P. 0, Box 2r2, New York City. 

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P. 0. Box 2?2, N. Y. CITY. 


The new style of penmanship liiiowQ as tiie 
IntercQedial or Half Sloping iinds favor 
with a great many who thiuk that the old 
style slanting script is out of date, and the 
new style of vertical script too radical. The 
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tages of the Vertical with the gracefulness 
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seen are artistic and legible. We have en- 
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and would like to engrave more. Write us for 
prices on this or any other style of script en- 
graving. We furnish designs upon request. 

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FRCF-HiVNn taught in THE ART 
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Read the following letter! 

This Series taught first the Supervisor of Penmanship and then the 
Mliolars; and they tool< the highest prize in the 1896 contest In Writing in 
•■The Penman's Art Journal." 

"975 Third Street, 

"Salt Lake City, Utah, 
" Mr. John A. Forbes : " Sept. 24, 1890. 

" Dear Sir :— In reply to yours of September 19th, asking for my opinion of 
the Sheldon System of Vertical Writing, I will say that I prefer it to any other 
Byetem that I have seen, and I think I have seen all, or nearly all, that have been 
pnbliahed. Probably this preference comes from the fact that I have received 
mnch more assistance myself from that system than from any other. 

" When the School Boarr" -^f Salt Lake City decided to adopt the vertical 
system of Penmanship, no one amoiig the teachers knew anything about writing 
or teaching. I was teaching in a grade at that time and began to look into the 
snbject tor my own benefit. 1 did not succeed in finding much information or 
assistance until your books came. 

" You may be able to judge to what extent they helped me when I say that 
before school opened in September, IHH.i, the School Board asked me to give a series 
of le.ssons to the teachers outside of school hours, and before the end of the third 
week I was appointed Supervisor of Penmanship work in the schools. 

" To be sure, my previous experience in penmanship was of much use to me. 
but my ideas concerning vertical writing were exceedmgly vague until I used 
your books. 

" The American sy.'stem had been adopted here before I was appointed. How- 
■ever, my instruction has all been from the Sheldon idea. As to our first year's 
snccess you are no doubt informed, 

" We used Sheldon's No. 9 in our Seventh and Eighth Grades last year, and 
this year will use Nos. 9 and 10. Pupils and teachers were very mnch pleased with 
the style of writing, as well as with the snbject matter and general arrangement. 

" I very strongly urge the adoption of the Sheldon System wherever Vertical 
Penmanship is to be introduced. 

" I trust that my experience will be of some assistance to others. 
"Respectfully yours, 
(Signed) " MAY V. CAVANAUGH, 

" Supervisor of Penmanship." 

SHBLDON'S VERTICAL WRITING, in Ten Numbers with Ch.rt and Teacher's Hanual. 

SHELDON & COMPANY, New York, Chicago, Boston. 


y in Typewriters is the A 

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bears the stamp of 
Unqualified Public Approval. 

Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, 327 Broadway, N. Y. 

A Happy New Year to All. 

CHiCAao, January 1, 1897. 
The great hit at the meeting of the Federation op Commercial Teachers' 
Association was the presentation, by Mr. Sadler, of the 

Sadler or Budget System. 

It surprised, pleased and captured the members. 

Notwithstanding this system was not published until August. 189.5, it now leads 
all others. Competitors are " not in it," hence we say to our co-workers : If you have 
not already adopted the system you should do so. Yon owe it to your patrons that 
your school shall have the best possible course of study. 


will thoroughly and satisfactorily fill the bill. It is now used and endorsed by over 
2.50 of the leading and best schools in North America. This system and the Sadler- 
Rowe Business Practice furnishes a complete course of instruction, adjustable to 
any length of time, can be used in whole or in part. Have you examined it ': If 
not, why not? It will pay yon to investigate— Write Sadler. 


Sadler's are the Standard. 
Rang:e in price from 65c. to $1.10. 

A poor text book is dear at any price. 


If you are interested and wish to know more, write to 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, 

J2 Nortli Charles Street, - - BALTIMORE, MD. 

Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 

To the Tjcarnrr. 

^'o. 1. — The time has arrived when good penman- 
ship is more of a necessity than an accomplishment. 
But ii few years ago many believed good writers were 
born, not made. Wherever jjenmanship has been 
properly taught the results obtained have been 
very gratifying, and we feel .justifled in saying that 
any one who is not encumbered with some physical 
or meutal deformity can learn to write rapidly and 
iegihiy. To say that every one can become an 
artistic penman would be making a broad statement, 
but it is no longer doubted that almost any one can 
learn to write a go)d business style of penmanship. 

In order to accomplish this much time and hard 
work are necessary tor those who have acquired in- 
correct habits and who have wrong notions of the 
meaning of good business writing. It will be the 
aim of the author of this series of lessons to present 
the subject in such a way that the home learner 
may acquire, during his spare time, a rapid and 
legible style of business penmanship in a compar- 
atively short time. 

The copies given from month to month will not be 
accurate script forms, hut a plain, common-sense 
style of muscular movement writing will be used 
as copies. 


.- To those who desire to follow this series of lessons 
■during the year we would suggest that you write 
the following and send to us as soon as possible, 
tJefore practicing on the January lesson. 

p, „ ,, .„ '^'"I'K Place, State, Date. 

t. C. Mills, Rochester, N. Y. 

Dear Sir: I desire to practice from your lessons 
in business writing, given in The Pen.max-s Art 
JOURNAL, during the coming year. This letter is 
a specimen of my best business penmanship at the 
present time. Yours truly. 

Your Name. 

There will be certiBcates awarded to the three 
who make most improvement by practicing from 
these lessons, Those who wish to enter this contest 
should send their first specimen, a copy of this letter, 
addressed as above, care Williams & Rogers, before 
February 15. 


Criticistn Column, 

No. .'. — We trust you will feel it your duty to send 
several of your best specimens each month to be 
reviewed in this column. We believe it will be to your 
interest to attend to this regularly every month. 
Remember no charge is made for the criticisms, and 
we especially desire to hear from many who have 
never sent their work for this purpose. We hope 
those who have been sending their work will con- 


tinue to do so in the future. Any suggestions which 
you may offer whereby we may improve the lessons 
will be thankfully received. All work for criticism 
must reach us not later than the 20th of the month, 
previous to publication. 

What Materials to Vhv, 

No. .J. —Your progress in penmanship will largely 
depend upon the materials used. Procure foolscap 
with a good finish and weight not less than 13 
pounds to the ream. Do not try to economize by 
using poor materials. Ink should be used which 
flows freely and is black, or nearly so, when first 
used. Secure a pen that will make a coarse line, 
similar to the strength of line in the copies. Ester- 
brook's Falcon Pen, No.- 048, is one of the best we 
have tried, and one that is used very extensively 
among business men. Do not use an oblique holder 
for business writing. — 

Pill rioiiiiiiu. 
No. 4.— The position of the hand and pen in learn- 
ing to write is of great importance. Study the posi- 
tion illustrated in cut 3. We do not espect all to 
assume this position, as no two people hold their 
pens e-xactly in the same way. The size and shape of 
the hand have much to do in regard to this point. It 
is a pretty safe rule to say that the holder should not 
be held sufficiently perpendicular to cross the 
second .ioint of the first finger, and should not fall 
much lower than that given in the illustration. The 
bolder should cross the second finger at the root of 

the nail, or even just a trifle higher. The han 
should be turned well toward the left, with tha 
third and fourth finger bent under the band, resting 
on their nails. The wrist should not touch the 

J-osillon of the JInily. 

No. .5.— The position of the body, as well as the 
hand and pen. is of utmost importance and requires 
the careful attention of every one who has a desire 
to improve his writing. Many have learned to write 
an excellent hand while sitting in a poor position, bat 
they certainly could have accomplished much more 
and with greater ease during the same time had 
they learued to sit in a better position. A good 
position cannot be overestimated, and when once 
acquired is much more healthful and conducive to 
a free action of the muscles of tlie arm than an in- 
correct position. Then let us all pay particular at- 
tention to the matter of position, especially at the 
beginning of this series of lessons. Eye yourself 
closely, as it is not an easy task to rid oneself of 
habits that have been forming for years, whether 
they are good or bad. The position advised is one 
that will admit of the unrestricted use of the right 
arm and is based upon hygienic principles. 

Take a position at the table nearly square in front, 
with both arms resting on table, the left with the 
elbow on the table from two to four inches, the 
right with the elbow projecting over the edge 
abjut two inches. The right arm should rest lightly 
on the table and be free to move in any direction, 
while the body is supported on the left arm. The 
sides of the paper should be placed parallel to the 

illustration n, 


right forearm. In practicing an exercise to extend 
across the entire page the forearm should cross the 
paper, lengthwise, about the middle of the page. 
The paper should be held with the left hand above 
line of writing. Do not lean too far forward or bend 
over your work, as such a position is injurious to 
health, but it your eyes are not defective keep 
them from twelve to fourteen inches from the 
paper. Sit rather close to the table, but do not lean 
against it. Keep the feet flat on the floor and see 
that they do not become entangled with the legs of 
the table or the rounds of the chair. After reading 
the above instructions several times, compare with 
illustrations 1 and 2, then take this position yourself 
and be ready for work. 


No. c. — Muscular movement is the foundation for 
all good, practical writing. Whatever may be said 
about slant or vertical writing, the system of pen- 
manship that is not ba^ed upon a free arm move- 
ment for its execution will be a failure it rapid 
business writing is desired While a certain 
amount of form teaching is commendable, still it is 
the arm training that will be of service to the 
young man or woman in acquiring a rapid style of 

It is supposed that every one of The Journal 
readers has a knowledge of the formation of all the 
capitals and small letters, although many write 
with a slow, laborious finger movement. It will be 
our aim to change the habit of writing these letters 
from the slow, labored style to one of ease and 
rapidity, with a few changes in the form of some 



letters. First allow the student to obtain a com- 
mand of the pen, a control over the muscles of the 
arm, and he will naturally take enough interest in 
writing to improve in form also. 

llou- to lliulii. 

No. 7.— Bare the arm and place the hand flat on 
the table, with palm down. Notice the position of 
the wrist, and also the bunch of muscles the arm is 
resting upon ,iust forward of the elbow. Now raise 
the hand about one inch from the table, without 
changing the position of hand, then move forward 
and backward rapidly (this is the motion that will 
produce the first e.'iercise on plate .5) then change to 
a circular motion. Next close the hand and move 
m the same manner, being careful to touch the table 
with nothing but the fleshy part of the forearm 
You may now take the position of the hand and 
arm given in illustration 4 without the use of pen 
By holding the hand in the correct position before 
taking the pen an easy movement of the arm may 
be secured, as well as the foundation for proper 
penholding. Rest the hand on tte nails of the two 
last hngers, and make the same motions as described 
above. Practice rapidly, making not less than 200 
pulls toward the body per minute. Next practice 
sliding the hand from left to right and right 
to left across the entire page, being sure to maintain 
the same position throughout. The arm rest near 
the elbow should remain in the same place; the arm 
at the elbow should act as a sort of a hin"e Re- 
member all of this preliminary practice should be 
done without pen and ink. This kind of ealisthenic 
practice should be taken until the arm will move 
readily i„ any direction. It is better it you take 
np but one thing at a time, and learn to do that in 
the very best way possible; hence we desire to have 
youloarntomove your arm before using the'pen 
Do not be many hurry to take up moreldvXd 
work as your progress will not be satisfactory un- 
mlsteied"" ""'''" have been thoroughly 

ilotr to ft'ocet-tt, 

in'Inv V^!'-*'' ^'"^ ^'"■'^ "'^ P""'^'- ♦" '=0^'" the arm 
n any direction, as outlined in the above instruc- 
tions, you may use the pen. Penholding will not 'eem 
very difficult if you have practiced In the manner 
suggested, and with the hand held in the same 
position as illustrated in cut 4. Do not use inta 
first, but practice with a dry pen Jiake thn 
oblique e«rcise as given in plate 5. This fs one of 
the most essential motions used in wri ng and a 
great deal of time should be spent in prac^tcing t 
Any one who can make the oblique exercise with a 
free movement will not experience much dit^cultv 
in making the ovals. The exercise i, made by ke^^ 
ng the sleeve stationary on the table, and forcing 
the arm to move in and out of the sleeve, us°ng nf 

finger action whatever. Arm down Study cut 3, 
as the dotted lines show the vibratiop of the arm. 
Make this exercise fill two large spaces— we call the 
distance between the two blue lines one large space. 
Make the oblique exercise .I'ust twice that size. 
Your aim now should be to move the arm rajjidly ; 
start with about 100 downward pulls to the minute, 
and increase to 250. After the movement has be- 
come established, then you may use ink, but if you 
find the movement degenerating commence at the 
beginning and repeat the same practice as before. 
Next run the exercise across the page, and try to 
make it black. This should not be done by press- 
ing heavily on the pen, but by making a series of 

light lines before moving toward the right » The 
compact exercises will furnish you the kind of 
material needed for copies for some time. Do your 
work in a thorough way and move your arm rapidly. 
Try to increase speed. 

Fill one page of foolscap with the exercise to 
start with, and if you are not satisfied with the 
results, write another. You should not be easily 

The second exercise in plate 5 ia the direct oval. 
Begin by making the oblique exercise as before, and 
then swing to the left and form the oval. This 
will produced the up and down and rolling motions 
of the arm. You may fix up a page of the compact 
oval exercise as nicely as you can. Make it two 
spaces high. It takes from three to four minutes 
to make one line of this properly across the page, so 
do not become discouraged it you do not fill the page 
in a short time. Your paper will last a long time 
at this rate. 

The last exercise in plate a is the reversed oval, 
and is made same as the above, with the exception 
of changing the direction of the movement. Study 
the arrows given in the copy. 

A'o. .''.—The ability to write a long word without 
lifting the pen is an accomplishment that will pro- 
mote rapid writing. To accomplish this the lateral 
exercises and wide spacing between letters and 
worils should receive a good share of your time for 
several months. 

Practice on the first lateral exercise given on 
plate 0. Place the arm about in the center of the 
page, lengthwise, and make the exercise extend 
across the entire page. Do not allow the hand to 
turn toward tha right, but keep it in the same 
position as illustrated in cut 3. Force the hand to 
slide on the last two finger nails. Make a slight 
pause at the end of each line, and use a steady, 
swinging motion of the arm. Keep the fleshy part 
of the forearm down on the table and in about the 
same place. The tendency at first will be to use 
the wrist movement; be careful to avoid this, and 
see that the larger muscles are used. 



(j(i4 or Ames' Best Pen may be used in making 


So. JO.— Alter drilling carefully in the above work 
try the next line. Here we have a swing, a short 
pull at the center ot page, then finish with another 
swing. Fill a page of this copy. Tlitn notice the 
next line. 

Repeat as above, and write at least eight pages, 
each page containing a step toward the desired 
spacing. You may now turn the page lengthwise 
and make a small o onepery blue line, filling the 
page. There are about 30 lines on a page of fools- 
cap. Then go half way across the page, making 15 
«'s without lifting the pen. You should write at 
least 40 lines of o's across the page. 

The SiHittl •'« " H^xercVle, 

-Vo. 7y.— Next place the arm in the same position 
as described above, and make the straight lines 
across the page. Observe the correct position of the 
hand, and make the exercise quite black. Notice 
copy. You mav now follow the steps for developing 
the email « exercise. Make at least seven steps, a 
page of work for each step. Write at least a page of 
each of the following letters and exercises on plate C. 


into the list while ; 

nil be remedied. 

iition period, no doubt somB 
r subscribers to notify us of 
rliest possible moment. Ex- 

TliP new system of handling subscriptions is known as the 
Card Index System, each subscriber's name Ifeing on a card, 
the cards being arranced by States, and the citjes and town 
alphabetically. Hereafter when chanpres of addrtss are 

changes of address 

be given us. otherv .. ,_ _ . . 

the paper forwarded from the post office of the old address. 
If this is not done, we can't be expected to duplicate missing 
papers free. Many subscribers complain of the non-receipt 
of papers as follows : "I haven't had a copy of The Journj 

thing wro; 

numbers a 

ville to Jonesville i . _ 

dress is chanKed." Of course. The Jouhnal. has been going 

to Boonesville right along, yet John Smith wants us to 

duplicate the papers free, which cannot be done. 



have been made elsewhere" than -..„ „.„^^,. 

Sometimes no street number or post-office bos is given, 
sometimes the wrong number is given, and other times the 
) poorly written that they cannot be deciphered 

intelligijbly. aod in a large 
indicates that the 

- — -„- __mber of cases we find ^^ 

whatever for the nondelivery of the paper, as the 

straight, name entered properly and everything 

rapper was addressed and the paper 

matter up and see that the missing papers i 

times, however, we get this notice three to six months after 
supply oC the particular month wanted has been ex- 
'-1 ; hence we are unable to send it. If you don't get 

haustei _ __. _^ ^ 

he paper you ask for, you will understand that \ 

bscription price is so low and tLo 
can't enter into a correspondence 

L stock. The 
nmrgiu is so small that 
about such matters. 

This number of Thi 
the time the sstudeut 

the holidays, and once more we desire ..wv.»^v.«u 

of the school proprietors and teachers to the very low club 

iL will reach subscribers abcut 
:ely settled in tlieir work after 
call the attention 

rates for The Jouhxal. and to the many advantages 1.^^.1.- 
ing to the school, student and teachers through inducing 
students to subscribe for it. Clubs have been coming in at 
a lively rate lately, but wo are always prepared to handle 
more. Sample copies of The Journal will be sent to all 
who can use th«m to good advantage in working up clubs. 

IE each teacher could secure a list of ten only and each sub- 
scriber could induce a friend to subscribe. The Jouhnal 
subscription list would be given a boom that would help it 
matenallv m its fight for better writing. We hope our 
friends in school and out of school will give the matter a 
little thought and attention during the next few weeke and 

Business Writing Teachers* Open Court. 




^ (y (7^.^^^'^^ ^ 







T \yenmaAA (27UtC-ClntctA:iL& 


What Will You Read in 1897? 

Teachers and students who are making up their 
magazine and periodical readins lists for 1897 would 
do well to consider The Joukxal's combination 
dabbing offers. By subscribing through The Jour- 
nal yon can get two periodicals for about the price 
of one. 

rainhltuitfon Cliihhinn Ralci*. 

The Regular Edition cf The Penman's Art Jour 
NAI, and The Tenchcrs' World (price SD for 90f». 

The Regular Edition of The Penman's Art Jour- 
nal, and your choice of the following .iournals, 
will be mailed, one year, for $1.10: Popular Edu- 
cator, Teachers' Itislitute, American. Teacher, Me- 
Vlure*s Magazine, Mnnitey's, Cosmopolitan ; any 
journal whose subscription price is not more than 
$1 will be included in above list — one year's sub- 
scription for lx)th, Journal and your choice from 
list, for S1.2r,. 

Method Edition of Art Education (price, T.') cents) 
and Regular Edition of The Journal, 90 cents 
Complete Edition of Art Eiiucation (price. $1.50) 
and the Regular Edition of The Journal, $1..50. 
In combination with a periodical selling for not 
less than ?-3,50, The Journal will be included with- 
out eitra charge. 

These rates will allow teachers to get two period- 
icals at practically the cost of one. The .iournals 
will be sent to two different addresses if requested. 
These offers apply to new subscriptions or to re- 
newals. State in which class you come, when you 
eend in your subscription. 

It you want to see sample copies of any of these 
^publications (other than Penman's Art Journal), 
■send to the publishers and not to ue. 

Question and Answer Column for Public 
School Department. 

conducted by c. a, peirce, supervisor op 


So many questions are constantly arising in the 
iminds of supervisors, special teachers and grade 
iteachers about methods of teaching writing that 
The Journal has decided to open a department for 
the answering of these ciuestions. Mr. C. H. 
Peirce, Supervisor of Writing in the public schools 
of Evansville, Ind., has been engaged to take 
charge of this department. For twenty five years 
Mr. Peirce has made a study of public school 
methods for teaching writing. He has had experi- 
«nce in all grades, county institutes, etc., and is pre- 
pared to e.\tend practical help to teachers in this 

Mr. Peirce will be given full swing in this depart- 
ment, and what he says will represent himself— not 
The Journal. Whether our contributors agree 
with our views or not has no influence in determin- 
ing whether their views are given space in The 

Lessons in Vertical Writing. 

yrilimlnnrji Kt-mnrka. 

In writing a series of articles to aid in teaching 
vertical writing it has been thought best, first, to 
give instruction to teachers and later give some 
ideas for applying this instruction to the different 

No new system and probably no new style of 
letters will be introduced, as this ground has been 
pretty well covered by the publishers of manuals 
and copy-books. It has also been thought that the 
majority of teachers reached by this paper who 
are teaching vertical writing or who are about to 
teach it have either selected a system or will have 
one selected for them. If this be true, a new system 
would not be as welcome or as helpful as some 
definite directions for teaching and for changing 
from the slanting to the vertical system. 


Study cuts 1 and 2 for position of body, paper, 
arms, pen. etc. Notice square front position, tbat 

about half of both forearms are on desk and elbows 
only about three inches from body. Paper should 
be directly in front of body or abr)nt two inches to 
the right of this position. If placed further to the 
right it will hinder instead of aid in writing a 
vertical hand Penholder points along the forearm 
to an imaginary point about six inches above the 
elbow. Notice in cat i that the third and fourth 
fingers are not separated much from the other 
fingers, but are folded under so about all of the first 
joints of these fingers touch the paper. The wrist 
should neither be flat nor turned to the right until 
the side of the hand touches the paper, but about 
half way between these two positions Do not try 
to slide the hand on tips of nails of third and fourth 
fingers, as this forces the hand in an upright posi- 
tion and cuts off view of writing. 

Change of Slant l'(ntUlon''yecessary tor Vertical Style. 

Many try to write vertically without any change 
in penholding, movement or position of paper. 
Experience has shown that the results will not be 

satisfactory, so it is urged that all should conform 
as near as possible to the position given above. 

iVci-risp Siinihrr One. 

Practice exercise No. 1 with a good brisk move- 
ment until all trace of slant ovals has disappeared, 
and until there is no tendency to make them too 
narrow. See that the arm moves freely in and out 
of sleeve. 

Exereige Xtnnber Tiro. 

In practicing No. 3 make the exercise extend 
across the page as far as possible without stopping. 
Here the first real difficulty will be encountered, 
especially by those who, in slanting writing, use 
the stationary arm rest and swing the hand across 
the page. With feet flat on floor and body erect 
enough and balanced so the arms resting on desk 
do not have to support the weight of upper part of 
body one can. by practice, extend the length of ex- 
ercise considerably. By having only about half of 
the forearms on the desk and by keeping them near 
the body the weight of the arm will be supported 
largely from the shoulder. This enables one to rest 

the arm lightly on the desk and to move it to the 
right with very little trouble. This does not mean 
whole-arm movement, as it is very different from 
holding the arm up and away from the body. By 
not giving the hand part of the body or much of the 
arm to support we have been able, in slanting writ- 
ing, to have it come in contact with the paper and at 
the same time move across the page easily. About 
the same can be done with the arm if too much 
weight is not thrown upon it. 

Slil/tln,! Arm Itesl anil .\arr,:n< 7).»;,s. 

Before giving up and saying that writing cannot 
and should not be taught by .shifting the arm fre- 
quently it might be well for us who have broad 
desks and single sheets of paper on which to write 
to contrast these conditions with those existing in 
our shools and business offices. Look at the narrow 
desks in our school rooms. Look at the writing 
done in high schools and colleges on narrow arm 
rests or in the students' laps. In all these instances 
the arm is moved frequently and often has little or 
no rest at all. 

A great deal of practice on the exercises given 
this month will aid in overcoming the two greatest 
diflficulties in changing your writing. It will aid in 
writing across the page and will make broader turns, 
thus giving the writing a ronnd instead of an 
angular appearance. 

The capitals given naturally follow the practice 
of the exercises given. Movement exercises may be 
made from some of the letters by tracing over all 
or part of them, as we often do in slanting writing. 
There is likely to be a tendency to use too much of 
an up and down movement. This will make the 

letters narrow, and to overcome this use more of a 
rotary movement and endeavor to make the letters 
nearly as broad as they are high. 

A Mandate. 

Teacher : *' Did you study this lesson ? " 
Pupil : " I looked over it.'' 

Teacher : " Well, hereafter just lower your gaze a lit- 
tle."- Ph ikulelph ia Remrd. 






Niuiilirr 1. 
TiHk Tn T'-arhcta. 

To a great many teachers the word drawing con- 
veys .in idea of some mysterious power, a something 
which only few are permitted to possess, and closely 
associated with it is the idea of genins or special 
talent They recall some who have left lUnstnons 
names in the world of art. 

In every school there is usually one or more pupils 
who take to drawing as a duck to water, who will 
draw whether drawing is taught or not. Such a 
one the average teacher calls a genius, and praises 
his special talent, hut it another of her pupils dis- 
plays equal or superior proficiency in some other 
study the teacher satisfies herself by saying that 
such a one is good in arithmetic or history. Now, 
the boy who draws pictures of his teacher so natural 
that you conld almost tell who they were intended 
to represent without the usual label may be a genius 
in embryo, but not more fo than the unrecognized 
genins of the multiplication table. 

There are certain fundamental principles underly- 
ing the study of drawing which are as easily under- 
stood as are the fundamental principles of mathe- 
matics, and as many pupils in a school can under- 
stand and apply them as can master any other 

Drawing is not taught in the public schools for 
the benefit of the few, but for the educational ad- 

pra^tice paper should be entirely free from printed 
designs or cu': and dried instructions. 

In the tilks to teachers, of which this is the in- 
troductory, we will discuss drawing and other sub 
jects intimately related. They are not intended to 
lay oat any course ot instruction or to fit any par 
ticular " system." They will embody some ot the 
ideas and experiences ot one teacher(there are many 
others) who is not tryiuj to get his results in the 
drawing book, but in the minds, hearts and hands 
ot the pupils under his charge. 

Fatare numbers will be illustrated by such draw- 
ings as have proved helpful ty him in his work. 
His aim will be to make th°se talks ot practical 
benefit to regular teachers, especially to those who 
have not the assistance of a special supervisor. 

iniiliel Kioil, Crg 
Uoillkton, Ulcl'he 

Pa. Thlrd-Freil 

Mr. Lister has sent us the names and addresses 
printed above as the prize certificate winners among 
the students practicing from his lessons in rapid 
business writing, which closed in the December 

Closely following Mr. Houghton for third place is 
W. B. Baker, Orphia, W. Va. 

Elsewhere in this issue of The Journal will be 
found Mr. Gravers specimens, showing the mar- 
velous improvement made in twelve months. Both 
Mr. Lister sud Mr. Graver are to be congratulated 
upon this remarkable showing. 



vincement of all. It properly taught it, more than 
any other study, will develop the perceptive faculties 
and stimulate pupils to investigation. No drawing 
lesson is worth anything that does not cause chil- 
dren to think. In making a picture ot any object, 
not only its form should be studied and represented, 
but its material substance and uses should be thor- 
oughly understood before the lesson is complete. 
Each lesson should consist of form study and draw- 
ing, nature study and oral expression. Such lessons 
will place drawing on a higher plane than the mere 
representation, by means of lines, of the facts or ap- 
pearance of objects. 

Malerinla To Unf. 

Anything that will make a mark and anything 
that will take a mark will do, but in this day of 
cheap manufacture there is no reason why any child 
should not have the best of material. For work in 
primary and intermediate grades the Dixon M or M 
B pencil has not been improved upon. Any good 
lir.ind ot drawing paper having a tooth or grain of 
medium coarseness wilt answer. It should be cut 
for convenience ot handling into sheets about 6x9 
inches. This paper may be in loose sheets or bound 
in the form ot a blaak book. In either case ten 
cents should tarnish ample material to last a child 
a year. 

For those who merely want to play at drawing, get- 
ting simply the shadow of the snbstance. the formal 
drawing book, with its little copy and printed direc- 
tions in one corner of the page, and the remaining 
portion laid uS the proper size for the pupil's draw- 
ing, is good enough; but those who hope to teach 
their pujiils to draw cannot be limited to twenty- 
tour scraps ot pagei tor a year's or even a halt 
years work. The only way to learn to draw is to 
draw and do plenty ot it. Often one figure should 
be repeat'wl «s-eral times in order to secure proper 
results, and for this reason, if for no other, the 

It should encourage home students everywhere t-i 
take up Mr. Mills" lessons, which start in this issue 
of The Journal. 

Recent Public School Book Adoptions. 


Philailelphia, Pa ; Los Aneeles. CaL ; Watertown. Conn : 
New Britain. Conn. : Areyle, N. Y- : Lebanon, Pa. : E. 
Stroudbui-L', Pa.-Spencerian Vertical Copy Boolis. 

Omaha, Neb. ; GiMncI Rapiis. Mich — Merrill's Copy Books. 

Lawrence, Mass.^Mavnard S Merrill's Wntina System. 

Lakeville, Conn i Hioksvillo. N. V. : Rushville. N. Y, ; 
Morrist iwn, N. .J. ; May ville. N. Y.— Soencei'ian Copy Books. 

Henry Clay, Del ; Babylon, I}. Y.— American Vertical Copy 

Washington. D. C— Qinn & Co.'s Vertical 'Writing Books. 
Millbury, Ma55.— Vail's Vertical Copy Books. 
Woonsocket.E.I.-Merrill's Verticil Writing 
New York City.— University Series of Copy Books, Verti- 
cal and Slant. 


Newton, Mass.— Selee's Bi 

Ellsworth Replies to Parsons. 

Editor Penman's Art Journal: 

I note the breezy invitation of Professor Parsons 
to " Spot Him Some More " and take up the cud- 
gels with " s-ime other fellow " at the Chicago meet- 
ing; but until he denies or makes good his last 
year's copybook statements, I cannot see the pro- 
priety of accepting his proposal to " Fall on my 
Neck—for joi/ "—unless he has repented of his'error. 

Is that possible '; I am too old to fight windmills, 
H W. Ellsworth. 

Vertical Writing in Washington. 

The Board ot Education ot Washington, D. C, having 
decided to introduce vertical writing in the public schools, 
the columns of the Evi'iung Slav of V.bat city havn 
been filled with arguments pro; and con. We are in- 

debted to Paul A. Steele for the copies ot the Star con- 
taining the articles. 

Among those known to Journal readers taking part 
in the discussion were : Mrs. Sara A. Spencer, Paul A. 
Steele, Couri F. Wood. 

When Shall Children Take the Pen ? 

One ot the best indie itions of a coming era of ad- 
vancement in the method-i ot tf aching writing in the 
public schools is to be noted in the several different 
articles appearing in the late numbers of our pen- 
manship journals touching upon the above subject. 

It is still a debated question, and I am inclined to 
think public school penmen have kept hands off 
longer than they otherwise should, were it not for 
the fact that a large majority ot our best penmen 
are not in public school work but in schools Where 
the lower grades do not have to be considered, and 
are, therefore, not much interested in the subject. 
As they are not interested in it, we should not wait 
for them to lead off in its discussion, nor should we 
be too willing to believe it is unimportant because 
they do not. 

We occasionally hear from some learned superin- 
tendent to the effect that the pen should be put into 
the h mds of the children in the first grade, and that 
" any other method is illogical, nonsensical and a 
waste of time " 

In the face of such a statement, and others such aa 
that the children ot some certain city, where no 
special teacher is employed, " write better than any 
other city in the country," or the assumption that 
teachers and superintendents who may not see things 
just as some other superintendent sees them are 
" Lazy " or " ignorant," it is no wonder timid super- 
visors are willing to give consent in silence. 

To be sure "silence is golden," but speech is at 
least "silvern," so I venture to speak, and it to 
differ in some points from the learned and rather 
boastful superintendent means that I am a " cranky 
specialist," I accept the application cheerfully. 

In proceeding I shall lay down the following propo- 
sitions : 

To properly analyze, compare, study and execute 
the sixty two different letters and figures, to say 
nothing about the common arbitrary signs and 
marks ot punctuation, and to combine them prop- 
erly, requires slow, patient work and much time. 

The lead pencil is an instrument we all use. 
Pupils in writing their lessons and in drawing use 


it The quality of the common scratch paper de- 
mands it. It is handier, cleaner, easier kept in con- 
dition and cheaper than the pen. 

In u^ing the pencil, children are learning nothing 
bat what is practical. 

Cfiildren need the first three years in which to 
learn to write a standard hand, slowly of course, 
studying, analyzing, comparing, criticising, to 
acquire a correct conception of form and combina- 
tion during which time the habit of correct writing 
position of body, head, limbs, pencU and paper 
should be fixed. 

The penis an essentially different instrument from 
the pencil and should be recognized and treated as 
such. , ., ... 

'Writing is the most difBcult work to do with a 
pon ani attempt should be made to 
write with it at first, but instead, simple manual 
drills "penman's physical culture," should be in- 
troduced, leading up to an easy, skillful use of the pen. 

We shoald make the practice ot penmanship, like 
the practice ot instrumental music, progressive, the 
execution of sentence and page work, like the execu- 
tion ot Beethoven or Wagner, being the eml aimed at. 

Children should not be allowed to use the pen 
except under the direction of a competent teacher. 

\ftpr taking np penmanship, all their necessary 
writing "t lessons, etc., should be done with the 


pencil notil they have acquired the ability to write 
properly with the pen. 

Any ujethfjd of teaching writin;? in public schools, 
like the methods employed in the other branches, is 
bised up^n the presmmption that the pupil will con- 
tinue to practije it up to or through a certain ^rade. 

Upon these propositions I base the arj^ument that 
pupils up tj the fourth grade are better off without 
pen and inb. 

To say n:)thin[j of the inconvenience of keeping 
fresh ink. of keeping a supply of good p?ns, of the 
expense and difficulty of procuring suitable pen 
paper, and of the impossibility of keeping clean fur- 
niture, fljors, boDks, liands and faces where ink is 
U5el in the lowest grades, whit will be learned 
about writing that may not be as well learned with 
the pencil ? \ 

J»S3me may undertake to argae that a proper move 
tn^nt should be employed from the first, but I have 
the first specimen of good muscular movement n'vd 
ing to see by a child below the fourth grade or under 
eight years of age. v 

True, we see many .'specimens of so-called muscular 
movement writing where every pulse beat of the 
writer is registered in the lines. 

It is nearly always carefully labeled " Rapid 
Muscular Movement Writing." As well label 
" Rough on Rats " " Soothing Syrup." 

In conclusion: These wild claims of vast superior- 
ity, anj sweeping assertions of a. one only sensible 
way of securing results in any line of school work, 
indolged in by some educators, who furnish no soit 
of evidence or logic to sustain such claims or as^ser- 
tions, bear the stamp of conceit and narrow nainded- 

What we should seek to do is to determine, if pos- 
sible, the best plan for eecuringjiual rcsuH.^. 

What matter if pupils do write poorly for a few 
years if they finish the course in penmanship easy, 
rapid, graceful writers? 

Now let us not " sling mud " or call names," but 
" Come, reason together." 

R. G. Miller, 
Supervisor of Writing, Haoipton.Ia , Public Schools. 

/,«■•«««.■* z,Afr.— x.vrz. 

The time has come for examination on position 
and form. So far the teacher has tixed each child's 
hand, or told him what was wrong. Do not give 
assistance after this. Simply eay " Position,'" as 
you pass by and the child must correct himself. 
Your pupils must not put the ff et out in the aisle, 
nir turn around when showing the one behind, nor 
stop writing when the teacher comes near. Take 
time now to correct any faults that your class has. 

Take up specimens, mirk and file away Have a 
line of each letter from / to.s. Return to the children 
all the good, clean papers written this term. 
Fasten each pupil's together with a knot of ribbon 




■mil ForiiiMt Willi Pliyniial Drills 1 


Outline : Hand at tbe side keeping pencil positiou. Review 
k'tter.s. Sitting erect. 

How many find it hard work to keep good position 
while writing ? Notice that a person walking 
along, nothing to carry and hands swinging at the 
sides, always has the hand ready for the pencil. 
Class try it. Fingers are straight or curved ? They 
are touching, sometimes, near together. Bring 
hand up and slip pencil in without changing poti- 
tion. Ready for writing. Practice any letter you 
wish and count for the class. Don't write unless 
you count, and if time is lost wait for the next 
count. When you see the greater part of the class 
bending over, stop counting, and class looks up in 
surprise. Say that you wanted to give them a 
chance to straighten up. Speak about the necesnty 
of spectacles. Begin counting and pause when any 
one is out of position. Rept-at until all can sit 
erect. Don't hold the head on one side. 

Each pupil should learn to write his o^vn name. 
Place capitals on board. Take every Friday to 
practice names, in place of regular lesson. 

Review each letter and practice the hand drill iu 
previous lesson. Sometimes have the pencil in 
hand, while both hands are down at the sides. Let 
them remain there while you are illustrating or 
talking. Give signal to bring both hands up, on 
the desk, in position, sit erect, write. 

Sometimes call the name of pupil out of position 
quietly, and quickly and without further words he 
corrects himself. Have the janitor m--»ke blocks or 
n-sts f r t'.jo'o wlnse f.:et do not touch^ihe floor. 

and send them home. Give them as a Christmas 
present to parents from the child. 

book having sepa-ate departments for business writing, 
ornamental writing, flourishing, lettering, drawing, card 
writing, etc.. can be arrange 1 artistically, and will furnish 
-uucu inspiration and instruction to not only the posst 
■■"•^ ■■" —■i) may be favored by an esa-^ " " ■ ~ 
imanship will find this a va! 
rk " to loan their students 

— No charge is made for the insertion of names in this 
department, and the only obligation upon those who have 
their names and addresses inserted is that they exchange 
with all other juombers of the department. 

— In order to make sure tbat the name and address i« not 
overlooked, it would be well to put the request to insert 

this department on a separate sheet of paper 

their names again. 

— We had no idea what beautiful work could be made with 
the knife on plain white cards until we saw some turned out 
by L. W. Hammond. Batavia. N. Y. A New Year's card 
from the knife of Mr. Hammond is a very handsome speci- 

— For bsautv, grace, deli'^a^ry acd accuracy a Christmas 
and New Year greeting from the pen of A. P. Hoot, Kings- 
ville. O.. to The Journal is the equal of anything we have 
seen in a long while. It shows that Mr. Ruot. although an 
old timer, knows how to retain his nerve. 

— A splendid specimen of automatic shading pen work in 
white and gold ink on black cardboard has been received 
from A. B. Cushman, Humboldt. Kans. Mr. Cushmaa's work 
IS not only accurate, but the effects produced are original 
and artistic. Send for some of his specimens. 

— S. B. Fahnestock, McPherson, Kans.. Coll.. is a fine 
writer, as Journal rtadtrs have had an opportunity to 
know, and some recent ornamental work of bis shows that 
he is constantly improving. 

— A very t.isty and well executed Christmas card in 
various colored inks, done with automatic pen, has come 
from Hy. Walkor, St. Louis. Mo.. C. C. Mr. Walker is a good 
business writer, and has charge of the writing classes in the 
y. M. C. A. in thaccity. 

— A very effective piece of script advertising is a letter 
sent out by the McDonald Bus. tnst.. Milwaukee, Wis. The 

the pen of that script artist, Fred H. 

)me well written cards 
student of Howard & 

— A. D. Deibert, Pen. Chaffee's Phonographic Inst., 
Oswego, N. v.. favors The Journal with some plain and 
ornamental writing, automatic pen work, cards, etc.- all 
showing improvement over the last work sent us. He is 
doing a mail order business and making a success of it. 

— J. B. Bacon, Mesa, Colo., who is a good writer, states 
that he owes most of his success to The Journal, and sends 
in some esellent specimens. A number of his pupils are 
JouKNAL readers. 

— E. A. Banks, Belfast, Me., e 
in a variety of stvles. He is a 
Brown, RocKland, Me. 

— A. M. Powers, Watorvliet. N. Y., sends some good b*si- 
ness and ornamental writing, cards, etc. He owes his skill 
to the teaching of S. E. Bartow. 

— F. D. Lanning, Harvard, 111., is an excellent business 
writer. Every letter is clear and distinct, and the writing 
indicates speed. 

— R. C. Bay. Mechanicsbura. O.. writes a good hand, and 
says what he knows about writing was acquired at home 
from The Journal. He says: "The Journal is perfection 
for home students." 

— Minor C.Smith, Norristown, Pa., sends The Journal 
some writing that would be counted most excellent business 
writing did he not lift the pen so frequently. Whenever the 
pen is lifted time is lost. Mr. Smith lifts the pen after each 
letter and frequently between the parts of a letter. 

— A good specimen of business writing comes from J. A. 
Elston, Canton, Mo. 

— M. A Tolrud. Pen., Humboldt, la.. College, sends some 
well written cards. 

Students' Specimens. 

— In this column we are always glad to review specimens 
of students' woi k. and in this connection we would say also 
that we are glad to get samples of work of public school 
pupils for review. Our friends should remember, however, 
to fasten these specimens together jn some way and be sure 
to have the name of the teacher, city and school on the 
inside of the package. 

— We are brought to call attention to this matter by a 
package of good business writing from some one, some- 
where, but as no town or teacher's name is given we are at a 
lo^stogive proper credit. The writing is businesslike and 
excellent in every way. Among the best writers are Maud 
B. Kane and W. L. Haywaid. Many of the other good sam- 
ples have no names on them. 

— From E. M. Coulter, Penman National B. C. Roanoke. 
Va.. we have received several batches of busiiiess writing 
that just about suit us except for the style of final " t," 
which is as used as the initial letter. The letters ate dear. 

nd distinct^nd speed is shown in every lii 

The EDITOR'S Scrap Book. teSlr^- *"■ '*'"'''' ""^ -ngratmated upon havmk such a 

Peninen^s ExcUaiis 


n E. Ofstad. Prin. Minneapolis 
(i. A. Martm. tii Wnverly A 
J. H. Bnnis. Newport. Ore. 
T. J. Cathey. Pen. Draughoi 

s B. C, Texarkana, Tex. 

— J. C. Olson, Penman Stanbery. Mo.. Nor. Col., eends a 
large package of business writing from his pupils. A good 
share of this is figure work, and all the writing is business- 
like. The figures are small, nent and perfectly legible. The 
best writers nr^ Belle Willis, ('has. A Willis. Harlev Holt,. 
A. A. Holt, Jam-^3 Crockett. EUa Rains. Mae Evans. Lizzie 
Beery. Kate Booring. A. d. McNeoly. Oliver Morrison. A. K. 
Daniel, Fanny Leale. 

A. E. Keller, St. George, Me. 

— This " Penmen's Exchange Department ' 
for the convenience of Journal readers 
encouragement of the exchange of specimens. 

1 be found than 

*' Shorthand '* That Everybody Can Read. 

A shorthand typewriter that will print an entire word at 
one stroke in plain English letters has just been put on the 
market by G. K. Andereou, 720 Bennett Building, New York 
City. It prints the entire alphabet, including flguroq anil 
punctuation marks. 

'( ClTftCCL^aumS 





School and Personal. 

— Recent visitors to The Journal office were R. C. 
Holadiiy, Wood's B. C, Eastou, Pa.; E. H. Morse, Hart- 
ford, Conn., B. C; C. C. Curtiss, Minneapolis, Mmn ; H. 
(; Post. Harrington's B. C, Waterbury, Conu.; (ieo. 
Oaklev. Columbia B. C , Patersou, N. J. ; W. C. Htu- 
nintf. Wood's B. C, Easton, Pa.; A. B. Furuer, Peeksbill, 
N. Y., Mil. Acad.; U H. Condy, Burdett B. C. Boston, 
Mn-s.; Fred. H. Wildrick, Prop. Dover, N. J.. B. C; F. 
E.Wood, Wood's B. C, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; C. T. Miller and 
E A. Newcomer. N. J. B. C, Newark, N. J.; W. E. Drake, 
Jersey City B. C. 

— Among the new schools we notice the following : 
Passaic, N. J., B. C. Morrisse Bldg., A. Hartkhorn, Jr., 

Prin. Boleyn's Practical B. C, Bethany, Mo., D. G. 

Boleyn, Prio. Metropolitan B. C, 1:^8 Bank St., Ottawa, 

Out., H. S. Conn, Pres.; S.T. Willis. Prio. St. Francis' 

laduetrial School, Edrtington, Pa., Bro. Felician, Pen and 

Com'I. Wagers Pen Art Coll., Elgin, III., C. H. 

Wttger, Prop.; T. J. Sharp and A. D. Taylor, Pen. 

Reynolds' School of Bookkeep. and Shorthand, -10 E. 
Main St., Amsterdam. N. Y., R. E. Lee Reynolds, Prin. 

The Bliss B. C, Newburyport, Mass., Bliss & Blisp, 

Proprs.; F. H. Bliss, Mgr.; E. A. Quaiitz, Pen. Win- 
field, Kans, Bus. and Acad. Coll., Dr. H. F. W. Kuehne, 

Prin.; M. A. Clarksou. Com'I. Lone Oak, Ga,, Acad., 

P. M. Pitts. Priu. Marshall B. C, Huntington, W. Va., 

G. A Proffitt, Prin. and Com'I.; Walter Boold, Short 

hftud. The Institute, Peekskill, N. Y., Jos. Kuhn, 

Shorthand. Keuyon Col., Hodgeuville, Ky., Thad. 

Wilkersnn. Prin.; T. J. Neafus. Assoc. Prin. Com'I 

Dept. Hiram, 0., Coll.. S. W. Pearcy, Prin. Va. Clas- 
sical and Bus. ln»t., Glade Spring, Va , E. H. Russell & R. 

R. Powell, Prins. Wood's B. C, GirardvUle, Pa., S. I. 

Wood, Pres't. Williams' Coll. of Bus , Plymouth. Pa., 

G. W. Williams, Pres't; H. C. Beatty, Prin. Geo. J. 

Wildner, fA Clark St., Auburn, N. Y., is contemplating 
opening a business fchool. 

— N. H Prouty has sold The Prouty B. C, Athol, 
Mass , to Henry H. Childs, who will conduct the institu- 
tio'i in the future. Mr. Childs is tbe brother of E. E. 
Childs of Springfield and C. H. Childs of Holyoke. Mr. 
Prouty assumes management of the pen., shorthand and 
com'l dept*?. io the International Correspondence School, 
Scranton. Pa., and will prepare the text books used in 
connection with these courses. He has had charge of 
this work for some time past, and it has proven so suc- 
cessful that he has been induced to give it his whole 
time. The Athol Transrripf gives a half-column article 
on Mr. Prouty's leaving and expresses the highest regard 
for his work in that city. 

—J. A. Ross has purchased the interest of C. M. Cook 
in the AsHtabula. C, B. C. J. J. Ferguson has pur- 
chased the Wyatt B. C, Meridian, Miss., and changed 

the name to The Queen City B. C. Wanger & Kelley 

have disposed of the Taraacjua, Pa., B. C. to E. M. Turner, 

Prin. of the Mauch Chuuk, Pa., school. Wood's B. C, 

Pittston, Pa., is now known as tbe Diamond City B. C, 
F. E. Wood, Pres ; 1. L Smith, Pen. and Com'I. 

— Williams' Coll. of Bus., Scranton, Pa., O. P. Wil- 
liams, Pres. and Prop., failed recently. 

— A new school is the Chattanooga, Tenn.. Nor. Uni., 
H. M. Evans. Pres.; W. P. Hayward, Pen.; Mollv E. 
Lucas, Shorthand and Typewrit.; Miss Zeralda Rains, 

— F. T. Weaver was born in 1S70, and spent hisearly life 
on a farm. He received a common school education, and 

spent his evenings and rainy 
days practicing wi iting. At 
the age ot sixteen years 
entered Mount Union Col- 
leg*^. Alliance, O. TookEusi- 
nes-* and PenmanshipCour&f s 
under Profs. T. Armstrong 
and Owen Crist, then taught 
a number of winter terms of 
school in the country. In 
'.SvH he attended theZaner- 
ian Art College, Columbus, 
O., where he formed the ac- 
quaintance ot Miss Abbie 
tJladden. who in 1805 became 
Mrs. F. T. Weaver. Had a 
daughter. Fern, born unto 
F. T. WEAVEU. them recently. In 1892, in 

company with his brother, 
L. L. Weaver, he graduated in Business and Penmanship 
Couraes of a Western school. He then accepted a position 
in the Helena Bus. College, Helena. Mont. This position 
he resigned, though offered an increase of salary, to again 
enter Mt. Union College. Next he graduated in the Nor- 
mal Coui-se, and reached the Sophomore year of a Collegi- 
ate Course (7 years). The principalship of the Bus. Dept. 
of Will>erforce, (>., University was accepted, and after 
re-election he resigned to accept a more lucrative position 
in the Bayless Bus. Coll. of Dubuque, la., with whom he 
might have remained, but at the beginning of the present 
year he accepted a similar position with the Union Bus. 
College of Quincy, 111., with which institution he is at 

present connected. Mr. Weaver is a good writer and 
teacher and a cultured gentleman. 

— We received an invitation to the commencement 
exercises of the Capital City C. C, Des Moines, la., which 
occurred Dec. 10th. The la. State Itefjistcr gives a glow- 
ing account of the exercises, and publishes a long list ot 
graduates in the com'l, shorthand and pen. courses. 
Messrs. Mehan & McCauley, the Props., and Penman 
W. F. Giesseman are to be congratulated on the good 
work done the past year. 

— W. J. Elliott is once more in charge of the Central 
B. C, Stratford. Out,, having removed from Toronto. 

— A beautifully engraved invitation to the 3Ist Gradu- 
ating Exercises of Peiixe School, Philadelphia, Jan. 15th, 
at the American Academy of Music, has been received. 
The presiding officer will be Mayor Chas. F. Warwick. 
The annual address will be delivered by Hon Theo. 
Roosevelt and address to graduates by Rev. Dr. A. J. 

— We have received a photograph of G. A. Swayze, 
Prin. Pen. and Com'l Depts., Grove City, Pa., B. C. 

— The Richmond, Ind., Evenhuj Hem gives an interest- 
ing account of the annual Christmas entertainment given 
by the students and faculty of the Richmond B. C. W. 
A. Arnold, head ot the Pen. Dept. and Mrs. W. S. Hiser, 
of the Shorthand Dept., took part in the evening's jollity. 
Prin. Fulghum is having a successful year. 

— We are in receipt of a souvenir programme for the 
31st Anniversary of Spauldiug's Com 1 Coll., Kansas City, 
Mo. Supt. Greenwood of the City Schools and ex- Mayor 
Davis and many other well-known people took part. 

— Miss Cornelia Harlow, Prin. Harlow's B. C, Free- 

Sort, 111., writes : '• My college opened exeedingly well, 
[ost of my students took a course in writing, conducted 
according to the lessons in The Penman's Art Journal. 
1 get up a great deal of enthusiasm among the classts, 
which has been the means of bringing me a good many 
students. The Penman's Art Journal is superior to 
any similar publication which it has been my pleasure to 
examine. I could not do without it, and look forward to 
each number with pleasure and profit." 

— Wm. Chambers, formerly Vice-Prin. of the St. 
Thomas, Ont., B. C, upon his resignation from that in- 
stitution, was tendered a complimentary dinner by Prin. 
VV. A. Phillipps. A surprise was sprung on Mr. Cham- 
bers later on in the evening A handeome cane was pre- 
sented to him on behalf of the faculty and students. Mr. 
Chambers is now connected with the Detroit, Mich., B. U. 

— C. M. Lesher. Penman Wood's B. C, Carbondale, 
Pa., has been selected as prin. of Shorthand and Type- 
writing Dept. ot the High School m that city. He also 
assists in teaching English branches and pen. Although 
there were many applicants, Mr. Lesher was elected by a 
unanimous vote of the Board. At the same meeting the 
Perniu System of Shorthand was adopted. Carbondale 
is to be congratulated upon having secured so good a 
teacher as Mr. Lesher. 

— J. W. Johnson, Prin. Ont. B. C, Belleville. Ont., the 
well-known author of works on expert accounting, has 
lately been elected by acclamation Mavor of the City of 
Belleville. Belleville is making a good start on the new 
year, and we hereby tender our congratulations to Mr. 

— H. C. Beatty, formerly of Chepstowe, Ont., now of 
Wdliams' B. C, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., writes as follows : *' I 
most heartily approve of The Journal's ' Anti-Flapdod- 
dle ' upward and onward course. It is fast becoming a 
true medium oC art culture in the true meaning of that 
term. \ou give us such a host of things for choice brain 
food each month, and the last number was a banquet for 
those who know what's what." 

— The River City B. C. Portsmouth, 0., G. W. Moot- 
hart, Pres., lately moved into new quarters, and this has 
been the occasion for some very complimentary notices in 
local papers. 

— The Du Bois, Pa.. Mornitia Conner is enthusiastic 
over the work of the Du Bois B. C , under the principal- 
ship of G. W. Thom. A good programme was rendered 
at the close of the term. 

— The First Anniversary ot the Middletown, N. Y., B. 
C. W. S. Ramsdell, Prin., was celebrated Tuesday, Dec. 
2:id. in the college rooms. One student was graduated, 
and very plea-ant entertainment was given in connection 
with other exercises. 

— The commencement exercises of the Newark, N. J , 

B. C, C. T. Miller, Prop . were held in the Peddie Memo- 
rial Church recently. A large class of students gradu- 
ated. A very interesting feature was the passing ot sam- 
ples of the work of tho students in the pen., book-keep, 
and lypewrit. depts. around among the audience. Mr. 
Miller is to be congratulated upon hi-* year's work, and 
our good friends, Messrs. Tucker and Newcomer, deserve 
no little credit. 

— In the boom edition of the Clinton Co. lievipu\ 
Frankfort, Ind., Minor's B. C , of that city, is given a lib- 
eral share of space. The Remew congratulates Prop. F. 

C. Minor on his past good work and predicts success tor 
the future. 

— The Auderson, Ind.. lUuslraied Times gives a good 
half-tone portrait of Pres Wm. M. Croan of the Ander- 
son Nor. Univ., together with complimentary notice cf 
the latter institution. This issue of the Times contains a 
large number of illustrations showing Anderson's streets, 
industries, buildings, prominent business men, etc., and is 
a most excellent advertisement for the town. 

— It isn't often that a business college can count among 
its graduates the Lieutenaut-Governor of the State in 
which the school is situated, and when this happens we 
think the institution may be pardoned for its pride and 
itsexploitation of the said new Lieutenant Governor. The 
present Lieutenant-Governor of New York, Hon Timo- 
thy L. Woodruff, is a graduate of Eastman College, 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and a graduate that not only East 

man College, but the business colleges of America, have 
reason to be proud of. Mr. Woodruff, although a very 
young man, has mude a marvelous success in business, 
and this success he ascribes in a large measure to his 
business college training. Dec. 3d the 3Tth anniversary 
exercises of Eastman College were held in the Colling- 
wood Opera House. The orator of the occasion was the 
Hon. Chauncey M. Depew, who made a characterif-tic 
speech. Mr. Woodruff presided, and his remarks brought 
forth rounds of applause, particularly his references to 
Eastman College and to the "best of mothers-in-law." 
Mrs. C. C. Gaines (Mr. Woodruff married Mrs. Gaines' 
daughter). Pres. Gaines himself contributed no little to 
the evening's enjoyraent by a splendid speech. All in 
all, it was a memorable occasion for Eastman College and 
Poughkeepsie. Pres. Gaines deserves no little credit for 
his magaificent work in bringing Eastman College to tbe 
front in the past ten years. 

— We have beeu but recently informed that a daugh* 
ter, Ella Fern, was born to Mr. and Mrs. F. T. Weaver, 
Union Bus. Coll., Quincy, 111., some time since. 

— The Brooklyn, N. Y., papers devoted columns of 
space to very interesting accounts of the annual com- 
mencement exercises of the Long Island B. C, H. C. 
Wright, Prin. and Prop. These exercises took place in 
the latter part of November, and a large audience lis- 
tened to a splendid programme. Large classes in various 
departments were graduated. The Long Island B. C. 
occupies its own building, the property of Mr. Wright, 
and is splendidly equipped. The past year has been very 
successful, and Mr. Wright expects prosperity dui'ing 

Movenicnia of the Teachers. 
Miss Lucia Grover has charge of the shorthand, Miss 
Sophia Copley, formerly of Childs' B. C, Springfield. 
Mass., of the bookkeeping, and F. P. Gaynor oi' the pen- 
manship in the Prouty B. C , Athol, Mass. — R. £. 
Mitchell is now assistant secretary of the Y'. M. C. A., 

Dayton, Ohio. A. J. Blickenstalf is connected with the 

North Manchester. Ind., Coll. H. Depoilly is teacher 

of penmanship in the Mt. St. Joseph Coll.. Baltimore, 

Md. J. B. Downs is penman in Greer Coll., Hoopes- 

ton, 111. W. E. Tower is the new prin. of Elkhart. 

Ind., Inst. S. M. Funk is penman of Wolff's B. C, 

Hagerstown, Md. R. B. Hull is connected with the 

Hope, Ind., Nor. & Bus. Coll. Miss Ida Carakor is 

prin. of the business depaitment of the Middle Ga. Mil. 
ac Agri. Coll., Milledgeville, Ga.— — F. W. Martin is teach- 
ing in the Ricker Classical Inst., Holton. Me. R. A. 

Grant is penman of the Winona, Minn., C. C. E. B. 

Lyons is now teaching in Warren, 111.. Acad. W. N. 

Simpson, Com'l Dfpt. Baker Univ., Baldwin, Kans., has 
secured a year's leave of absence, aud is taking a year's 
course in the University of Pa. in a line of work that 

will be beneficial to him in commercial teaching. R. V. 

Patterson, instructor in penmanship of the Class. & Com'l 

Inst, New Orleans, La. W. C. Howey, Beatrice, Nebr., 

hag become connected with the Southern Shorthand & 

Bus. Univ., Atlanta, Ga. T. D. Hart is teacher of pen. 

iu the Catholic Normal School, St. Francis, Wis F. J. 

Lowe has charge of the pen. and commercial work in 

Corry, Pa.. B. C. S. N. Falder is connected with the 

Jones C. C, St. Louis, Mo. C. T. Marsh is teaching 

penmanship in Boston. Mass., Evening High School. 

F. A. Yindra, penman and artist, is located at Manito- 
woc, Wis. Miss Sue E. Andrews, New Providence, Pa., 

has accepted a position as teacher of penmanship and 

commercial work in Westbrook's C. C, Olean, N. Y. 

A. W. Orion, formerly of Moline, Mich., is now connected 
with one ot the Massey Business Colleges, and is located 
at Alberta, Ala. L. D. Teter, formerly teacher of pen- 
manship iu the la. B, C, Des Moines. la., is now taking a 
law course in the Drake Univ., Des Moines, la., and hopes 
to launch out a full-fledged lawyer soon. H. C. Spen- 
cer has cnarge of a nourishing class in Olneyville, R. I., 

Y. M. C. A. A. D. Deibert, formerly of Catasauqua, 

Pa., is now teaching penmanship aud bookkeeping in 

Chaffee's Phonographic Inst., Oswego, N. Y. Elbridgo 

L. Spellman has charge of the business department of tho 
Columbian Trade B. C, 239 Wabash Ave., Chicago, 111. 

W. A. Shurtleff is prin. of the com'l dept. Dakota 

Uoiv , Mitchell, S. Dak. Bro. Dositheus has charge of 

the penmanship in La Salle Acad., Providence, R. 1. 

A S. Fries, formerly of Dansville, N. Y , is now con- 
nected \Tith the Bliss B. C, North Adams, Ma^^-s. E. 

G. Wright has charge of the pen. classes in the Y. M. C. 
A., Washington, D. C. He also has charge of the same 

department in the Normal College in that city. T. J. 

Cathey, formerly of Thyatira, Miss., is now penman in 

Draughon's B. C. Texarkana, Texas R. W. Fisher. 

one time connected with the Clinton, la., B. C. and later 
in St. Paul, Minn., is now located in Washington. D. C, 

his P. O, address being Box 384. J. A. Drainville, C. S. 

v., is teacher of pen. in the EcoleCommerciale St. Joseph 

de Levis. Louzon. P. Q., Can. J. S. Wolfert, formerly 

of New Castle, Pa,, is now taking a course in the Zaner- 

ian Art Coll., Columbus, O. H. B. Slater, late of 

Mahan's C. C, Sherman, Texas, is now penman of the 
Archibald B C, Minneapolis, Minn. 


On December 30, 1S96, Miss Jeanette Davies was mar- 
ried to Mr. Charles Farleton Smith, in the First Presby- 
terian Church, Atchison, Kan. Mrs. Smith is the daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. William M. Davies of Atchison, and 
Mr. Smith is the well-known commercial teacher and 
member of the firm of Coonrod & Smith, proprietors of 
business colleges in Atchison, St. Joseph and Kansas 
City. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are at home at 725 Harrison 
St., Kansas City, Mo. 


Miss Emma Rose was married to Mr. C. C. Rearick, 
Thursday December 17. 1891}. Mr. and Mrs. Rearick are 
at home at 3710 Third St., Highland Park, Des Momes, la. 


Mr. Rearick has for many years been connected with the 
Northern Illinois Normal School, Dixon, 111., of which 
institution he was associate principal, and when this in- 
stitution epreaxl out aud took rharge of the Highland 
Park Nonnal Coll., Des Moines. la., Mr. Rearick became 
principal of the latter institution, which position he still 


At Zum!^ 111., TuGKday. December 22, 1896. Miss Mary 
T. Dailev wns united in mnrriage to Charles J. Argu- 
bright. 'Mr. Argubright is principal of the commercial 
and Hhorthand departments of Woodbine, la.. Normal 
School. After January 21, "jr, Mr. and Mrs. Argubright 
will be at home m Woodbme. 

' On Wedneedav, December 23, at Rock Island, 111., Miss 
Edith R. Wilkins was married to J. Edwin Gustus. Mr. 
(Justus is principal of the Augustana B. C. in connection 
with Angustana College, Rock Island, 111. This position 
he has filled for several years. Before that he was con- 
nected with a large school in Kansas and Packard's B. C, 
New York. He is a strong teacher, and is well known to 
hundreds of JorBNAh readers. Mrs. Gustus is a teacher 
of phonography m Augustana B. C, a position sbe hai^ 
most Baccessfully filled during the past three years. 


SfW CntaloffUfi 

altt, ICtc. 

— Holiday season usually brings a number of calendars, 
souvenirs, etc, and this year has been no exception. We 
have received a large variety of school printed matter — 
most of it excellent. 

— From F. J. Toland of the Wisconsin B. U.. La Crosse, 
Wis., we get " Rock of Ages " in a beautifully embossed 
cover, printed in colors and illustrated throughout. It is 
a very handsome souvenir, and one that will be kept by 
the recipient. 

— From the Rockland, M©., C .C, H. A. Howard, Prop., 
we have received a handsome calendar printed in red and 
black and several well handled school documents. All 
contained well executed drawings from the pen of E. L. 

— C. E. EcUerle, Pres. National B. C, Roanoke, Va., 
favors us with his new calendar for '07. It is a good 
advertisement for the school. 

— Anything in the line of printed matter sent out by 
the University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Ind., is 
always tasty. Their '0« calendar bears an artistieally 
engraved steel heading ; their catalogue is well printed, 
and the Holiday number of the Noti e Dame Sclwlasfic is 
one of the best college papers brought to our notice. 
There is a literary flavor about the Scholastic that would 
do credit to many professional writers. 

— The souvenir of the College of Pen Art of the North- 
ern 111. Normal School. Dixon, 111 , J. B. Dille, prin., L. M. 
Kelchner, penman, contains a number of handsome pen 
drawings. Young penmen would do well to get a copy 
of it. 

— The catalogue of the St. Paul, Minn., B. C. Maguire 
Bros., Props . is a well handled, neatly printed one. 

— The Hiffh School Juunuil, sent out by the Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa, High School, is one of the best high school 

xchauges we have received. 

— The ll'o('A(f(/o!/ Il'oj'/f/, issued by the University of 
the Pacific. College Park, Cal., of which Penman C. A. 
Bernhard is business manager, is a very newsy, well 
handled publication. 

— The liockij Mountain CoUcjian, published by the 
students of the State Agh. Coll., Ft. C'ollius, Colo., is a 
well edited publication. 

— 77ic Vinccnnrs liusiness ICducfitor, published by the 
com'l dept. of the Vincennes, ind., Univ., has a title page 
from the pen of F. C. Weber, prin. of the com'l and pen- 
manship depts. 

— The Siwncerian College News, issued by the Spencer- 
ian B. C. Cleveland. O., always contains some choice 
reading matter in addition to college news and advertise- 

— Chestnvf wood's Btislness Collcffc Juunml, Santa 
Cruz. Cal., contains a vast amount of information of in- 
terest to prospective students. It is well edited, aud 
must do the school a gieat deal of good. 

— The Napa B. C, H. L. Guun, Prin.. sends out a 
tweuty-four page college journal, with cover. Much uf 
this is plato matter, of interest to average prospective 

— Well handled school catalogues have been received 
from the following institutions: Wapakoneta, O., Law 
and Bus. Univ.; Maryland B. C, Baltimore. Md.; Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn,, Normal Univ.; Wood's Wilkes Barre, 
Pa., Coll.; The Elstan Correspondence School. Canton 
Mo.; Philadelphia, Pa., Univ. of Shorthand; Sac Citv' 
la., Collegiate lust.; Eastman B. C, Poughkeepsie, N. v! 

— College .iournals have been received from the follow- 
ing : Tampa, Fla., B. U.; Actual B. C, Canton. O- 
Searcy. Ark., Coll.; Salem. Mass.. Com'l School ■ Syra- 
cuse. N. Y.. Univ.; Salt Lake, Utah, B. C; Heald's B. C 
San Francisco, Cal. ; Champaign, III.. B. C; Dixon, 111 ', 
B. C; Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pa.; Spencerian 
B. C.,EvansviIle, Ind.; Bryant & Strntton B. C Louis- 
ville. Ky.; Dover, N. J., B. C; Bisler B. C. Wooster. ■ 
Highland Park Nor. Coll., Des Moines, la. ' ' 

— School circulHi-s are at hand from these schools ■ 
Wolf's B. C. Hagerstown, Md.; Anderson, Ind.. Nor 
Univ.: BoKvu's Practical B. C. Bethany. Mo.; Rutland 
English and Classical Inst., Rutland, Vt. ' 

— C. A. Wessel, Prin. of Com'l Dept., Ferris Industrial 
School, Big Rapids, Mich., issues a very neat souvenir for 
a large class of commercial graduates. The names of the 
students are printed, with portrait of Mr. Wessel. 

— A Christmas letter from '* John to Papa " is a very 
bright bit of advertising sent out by the Mountain City 
B. C, Chattftuooga, Tenn. 

Fraternal Notes. 

— J. S. Merrill, supervisor of writing in tbe Urbaua. O., 
public schools, iuforms us that the higli school buildiuK of 
that citv was burned on December 12, entailing a loss of 
*sn.(WO,"with only*iO,000 insurance. Ten thousand dol- 
lars' worth of apparatus and drawing materials and ?I5(J0 
pupils' books were destroyed. Work will be commenced 
at once on a new building. 

— In the Fort Worth, Texas, Ptihiii- SehonI Marjiizini- 
for November we find several pages devoted to an ac- 
count ot the prize winning of the Ft. Worth public schools 
at the Texas State Fair. Supervisor R. F. Moore is very 
proud of ten gold medals and ^2.5 in cash won on the 
drawing and writing exhibits. 

— John Schlarb, superintendent of schools, Osnaburg, 
O., desire.s to have his teachers keep posted on writing 
and drawing matters, and as a preliminary has sent 'The 
Journal a good list of subscriptions trom among the 

— E. J. Plantier, late supervisor of writing. Bellows 
Falls, Vt., has accepted a position as teacher of writing 
in the Kamras, O., public schools. 

— We are in receipt of the course of study of the San 
Bernardino, Cal., High School. We notice that drawing 
is given a fair show in each of the four years' work, but 
in the regular work we don't see that writing is included. 
However, they have a very strong business department, 
presided over by H. E. Perrin, who looks after the writ- 
ing there. 

— C. G. Cayhoe, special teacher of writing and drawing 
in the Cardington, O., public schools, is meeting with 
much success in his work. 

— Miss Pauline Wannack, who writes a splendid busi- 
ness hand, has charge of the penmanship in the Macon, 
Ga., public schools. In the late school report of Bibbs 
Co. she is praised for her work. 

— Miss Hallie M. Hood is supervisor of writing in the 
Westerly, R. 1., public schools. 

— Miss M. Ella Brown, supervisor of writing aud music 
iu the Ilion, N. Y.. public schools, is interested in vertical 
writing, and sends Thk Journal some excellent work 
trom the pen ot Eddie Staples, one of her pupils. 

— W. C. Faust is special teacher of writing and draw- 
ing in the Fredericktown, O., public schools. 

— E. A. Boggs, formerly of Boone, la., has charge of 
the penmanship in the public schools ot Waterloo, la , 
and also of the commercial branches in the Waterloo Col- 
lege, spending half day in each. He writes a dashv busi- 
ness hand and is a good ornamental writer as well.' 

— Miss Alice J. Van Ness, formerly special teacher ot 
writing in the Jonesville, Mich., schools, is resting this 

— J. R. Baldwin, formerly penman in Duncan's, Daven- 
port, la., B. C , is now prin. of the com'l dept. of the Da- 
venport High School. He also teaches penmanship. 

— S. B. Lathan, prin. of Mt. Carmel, S. C, graded 
schools, is a splendid writer, aud is putting his stndents 
on the same track. A good list ot subscriptions from him 
shows that he has them genuinely interested. 

— In the Amci-icim Illuslralvd for December we find a 
speaking likeness, good autograph and a two- page sketch 
ot J. P. Jones, the prin. of the com'l dept. aud special 
teacher ot writing in the La Porto, Ind., schools 

Weil-Known Supervisors. 

■W. E. Harsh, until recently Supervisor o£ Writing in 
the Public Schools ot Helena, Mont., was born on a farm 
in Carroll County, Ohio, m years ago. His early years 


Owen Crist of Mt. Union College, Alliance, Ohio. Fol- 
lowing this he taught in the public schools ot Ohio and 
Montana, and in ISflO was elected Superisor of Writing in 
the Helena Public Schools, which place he held until re- 
cently, wheu the services of Supervisor of Writing were 
dispensed with on the false ground of economy. At pres* 
ent he is disengaged, and is living in Alliance, Ohio. Mr. 
Harsh is an enthusiastic teacher, and gets good results. 
He is a constant reader and user ot The Penman's Art 
Journal, tn addition to his other accomplishments, he 
is a teacher and writer of Benn Pitman Phonography. 
Mr. Harsh is married, has two children and is a church 

Normal School Penmen. 


W. F. Hostetler was born March 'J'J. 1S70, near Lapaz, 
Ind., and was reared on a farm. 

He was very fond of books and a good student. 

He began teaching at sixteen near Corunna, in Dekalb 
County, Ind., and has taught nine years, first in country, 
then in village and city schools. 

Mr. Hostetler, trom childhood, took great delight in 
Writing and Drawing. Like many other conscientious 
teachers, he determined to teach penmanship as well as 
he taught other branches. He bought books on the sub- 
.iect, and by diligent practice soon attained a fair degree 
of excellence, sul3icient to secure a position as Supervisor 
ot Penmanship and Drawing in the Bremen schools. 

This he held two years. At the end of this time he at- 
tended the Valparaiso Normal, and did work under B. 

were spent in the usual rural pursuits. He first became 
interested in penmanship by having a copy of (/a.iheir.i 
Mmja:u,c fall into his hands. A copy of "a penmanship 
compendium furnished copies and iu.spiration. He took 
a course in penmanship under Theodore Armstrong and 


F. Williams. He says : " As 1 sat at Professor's side and 
.saw him execute the beautiful design in a recent issue of 
the Journal, I then and there resolved to master it." 
Next year he went to the Zanerian, and was graduated in 
Penmanship aud Drawing. 

He returned and became a candidate tor County Super- 
intendent, being only defeated by the annulling ot the 
new State law by the Supreme Court. Mr. Hostetler is 
a teacher in every sense ot the word. He was Principal 
ot the Lapaz Schools tour years, and resigned to accept 
his present position as Principal ot Penmanship Depart- 
ment ot the Tri-State Normal and Business College, An- 
gola, Ind. 

This is a large and growing school. Mr. Hostetler is 
taking advantage of his opportunities and devoting his 
time to Latin and Greek, making them his ma.jor studies. 
He has large classes here, and the proprietors are highly 
pleased with the man and the results he obtains. 

He is an earnest, enthusiastic advocate ot plain busi- 
ness writing in the public schools, and believes in giving 
the masses a good handwriting. 

Warlike Business Writing. 

Several Journal readers have decipliered the 
specimen of peculiar writing printed in the Decem- 
ber Journal and labeled, "Warlike Businees ('0 
Writing. " Among the first to reach The Journal 
office were those of Henry M, Webster, cashier. 
Mf'ra' Adv't Bureau, New York, and Victor 
Frazee, High School, Providence, R. 1. 

One person labored under the impression that a 
prize would be awarded the successful reader. 
This was a mistake, as no piize was offered. 

Here is the translation : 



Camp Andrew G. Curtin. f 

Mount Gretna, Pa., July 25.1»!t5. 
TniLBV, Cottage No. 11. Chautauqua Grounds. 

r of great 

It will require one hour's cannonading to kill tbem 
all, but we trust this slight noise will not disturb your rest. 
EDclo»ed pleaHe find check for amount of damages. The 
bank's Htock is somewhat watered at present, but if check is 
presoQted without delay, I think you can reach rock 
I have the honor to remain. Madam, 




We were seven. The original plan included one more. 
as you will .see by consulting the above diagram, but 
owing to unforeseen circumstances one of the elected was 
unable to go. much to the disappomtment of all. 

Amid a flutter of excitement aud handkerchief waving 
our big ship slipped away. We had ten weelis to spend 
iu discovering Europe and getting from it all the fun 
possible, and you can rest assured we improved every 

We left New i'ork, May 1«, I8'JB, by steamer " Kaiser 
Wdhelm," North German Lloyd; called at Gibraltar for 
five hours; arrived in Naples May 28; Naples to Pompeii ; 
thence to Vesuvius, Cava, Amalfl, Sorrento, Blue Grotto 
on Island of Capri, Naples, Rome, Florence, Pisa, 
Bologna, Venice, Milan, Bellagio (Lake Como), Menaggio, 
Porlezza (Lake Lugano), Ponto Tresa, Luino on Lake 
Maggiore, stopping at Isola Bella ; thence to Pallanza, 
Gravolona, Dammodossola, Simplon (Siniplon Pass over 
Alps), Bvieg, Martignv, Chamouix (Tete NoirPass), Mt. 
Blanc, Mer de Glace and Des Bossons Glaciers ; Clnses, 
Geneva, Ouchy, Laus.anoe, Scherzligen on. Lake Thuu, 
Interlaken, Giessbach, Lucerne (over Brunig Pass), Mt. 
Rigi, Bale, Heidelberg, Darmstadt, Mayence, Cologne, 
Amsterdam, The Hague, Antwerp, Brussels, Pans, 
London, Edinburgh, returning to London and sailing 
from Southampton on July 1,5 by North German Lloyd 
steamer " Spree," arriving in New York July 2:i. 

The "Kaiser Wilbelm " is a flue ship, with service 
and all in connection with the boat on a grand scale. 
You could live no better at the best hotels. The weather 
was beautiful, and our voyage was a very calm and 
delightful one. Music, dancing and other entertainments 
made'the time slip away. 

From New York to Naples is a twelve days' trip. For 
four days we saw nothing but a vast stretch of ocean, 
then a sail appeared on the horizon aud all was excite- 
ment. The Azore Islands were our first sight of land on 
the sixth day. Three day3j,later we dropped anchor at 
Gibraltar. After a visit to the most wonderful fortress in 
the world, we returned to the steamer and were soon 
steaming away on the Mediterranean. 


Gn May 28 we reached Naples, entering the beautiful 
bay early in the morning. At 3 a.m., we were all on 
deck to see Vesuvius by moonlight. Smoke was emerg- 
ing from the crater, and we could distinguish the flery 
red lava running down the sides of the mountain. 

At Naples we engaged a guide, who showed us the city, 
visiting the Aquarium, Museum and other important 
places. One of the first things that attracted our atten- 
tion was the manner in which milk is supplied to the in- 
habitants of the city. Cows are led from door to door, 
the people come out with cups and pitchers and the cows 
are milked in their presence. Herds of goats are also 
driven about and milked in the market place or at the 
houses as required. Donkeys with great loads on their 
backs go struggling along. .Although most of the streets 
are very dirty, the many bright colors that are used by 
the people in their dress added to the pictnre.squeness o"f 
the houses makes the scene at once attractive and gives 

one a Ijeautiful bit of color that is so much to feast on 
that the fact ot the place being dirty does not come into 
your mind at all. 
At noon we took a train for Pompeii, and made a thor- 

/•rr- J Ml ' " r 'y 



:t'4r|'. li^w^ 

ough esaminatiou of tbi* wonderful bmied city. One is 
amazeil at the richness of this architecture of 2,000 years 


Themorniug following we took carriages, and after a 
beautiful ride through quaint villages reached Mount 
Vesuvius. The streets in the villages are so narrow that 
there is barely room for a carriage. The drivers have 
peculiar whips with long lashes, and they keep snappiug 
these whips to warn the natives of their approach. It 
was very amusing to watch the childreu huddling up to 
the side of buildings as we went plunging and swaying 
through these narrow streets. 

Having secured ponies we started for the ascent. It 
was the first time most of us had been on ponies, conse- 
quently it was a great experience. We got a lively shak- 
ing up before we reached the summit. We went first to 
what is called the new crater. Here yon see the molten 
lava flowing red hot out of the mountain. We went 

within ten feet of this running lava, which was so hot 
that it was with great difficulty and much discomfort we 
could stay there, However, we did stay long enough to 
make photographs and also see a guide put pennies in 
the lava that we might bring home a souvenir of the 
crater. For a distance of 200 or more feet the heat of this 
mountain of lava is such that you can feel it through the 
soles of your shoes, and iu many places you have to keep 
changing from one foot to the other to prevent burning 
your shoes. It was a never-to-be-forgotten trip for us 

We next took the inclined railroad up to the old crater, 
Vesuvius proper. Government guides then conduct you 
to the mouth of the crater. It is dangerous to go too 

near the edge, and you have to be satisfied with n view 
within two or three feet of the brink. The sulphurous 
smoke coming out of the opening is about all that is to be 
seen. It made us all choke and cough, and we were glad 
to get away. At almost any point on the summit you 
can scrape up the yellow sulphur, and it is generally so 
hot that you cannot hold it in yom- hand. 
The boys that look after your ponies are a very amus- 


ing lot of little fellows. They fix your saddles and try to 
make you comfortable; then when you are settled in 
your seat they grasp the tail of the pon.v, hit tho beast 
with a stick and off you start on your journey, the pony 
not only carrying you on its back, but also dragging the 
small boy behind. Every little while the boy will either 
punch the pony with his stick or give it au awful crack 
exclaiming at the same time: "Ah, ah, Macaroon! " or 
whatever name the animal may have. (Macaroon was the 
name of mine.) This will set the poor brute off on a run, 
much to the discomfort of the pony, I suppose, but surely 
to the party that is riding, for it gives one a frightful 
jouncing. I had to gi-asp both the front and back of the 
saddle, to say nothing of wrapping my legs around the 
little animal, to prevent being thrown off. 

We returned to Pompeii, and continued in carriages to 

Cava, remaining over-night at a hotel that had formerly 
been a palace. 

In the morning we drove to Vietri and so along the 
shore road to Ainalfi, This ride is considered about the 
finest in the world. The castellated mountains on your 
right and the bewitching Bay of Solerno on your left are 
beyond description. Terraced hills with vineyards, 
monasteries, shrines, caves where the brigands of olden 
times hid their plunder and held their revelry, are 
among the many interesting things that one sees on this 

At Sorrento our hostelr.v, the Imperial Hotel Tramon- 
tino, crowns a cliff directly on the Bay of Naples. From 
the veranda we could look down 300 feet to the water be- 
low. All around the hotel are orange and lemon groves. 
We picked the fruit and enjoyed it hugely. 


The next day we went to the Blue Grotto on the Island 
of Capri. This is a mavelously beautiful place. The 
water of the Bay of Naples is very blue, but inside the 
Grotto it seems much more so. We were obliged to lie 
flat on our backs in the row boats in order to go through 
the small openiug to the cavern. Once inside the efl'ect 
is beyond description. The silvery water made doubly so 
by the splashing of the oars and the remarkable rock for- 
mation above and around you. Added to this the voices 
of those in the boats and the cry of the boy that for a 
franc will jump into the water and disturb it that vou 
may better see the silvery effect, make you feel as though 
you had entered a land ol dreams and enchantment. 


Rome, the Eternal City, 
was our next objective 
point. For five days we 
reveled in the sights of the 
famous city under the care 
ot Professor Forbes, the 
celebrated arch^ologist, 
visiting St. Peter's with its 
magnificent dome 44.5 feet 
high and Mosaic pictures of huge proportions; the bronze 
statue ot St. Peter with the toe that has been worn 
white by the constant kissing by the Pilgrims; the Vaticou 
with its miles ot pictures and statuary. These claimed 
our enraptured attention. 

Many a time did we wish we had studied our ancient 
histories harder when we came to look at the ruins of tho 


original city, founded over twenty-five centuries ago on 
the Palatine Hill. The ruins are in a very good state of 
preservation, and are carefully guarded by the Govern- 



ment The Pontheon Baths of Caracalla, Temple of Nep- 
tune, Forum of Augustus, Forum and Column of Trajan, 
Forum Eomanum, the Atrium Vestre or House of the 
Vestal Virgins, Circus Maximus, Aich 
of Constantinc, Meta Sudauo, the 
Colossus of Nero, Site of the Golden 
House, the Basilira! ot the Forum of 
Cupid, the Coliseum, Church of St. 
Paul, without the walls of the city, 
said to be next to St. Peter'sin grand- 
eur; Church of St. Maria degli Angeli, 
St. John's Lateran, the Cathedral 
Church of Rome, the Scala Sancta. 
All these places and many others we 
carefully visited. „ . , 

From' Rome we went to Florence. Here we enjoyed 
the famous UHiizi and Pitti Oalleries. One room m the 
UBzzi Gallery is said to hold the 
most celebrated paintings in the 
world. A side trip to Pisa en- 
abled us to visit the Leaning 
Tower, Cathedral and Baptistery. 
It wao quite a climb up the Tower, 
which from its leaning position 
imparts a strange sensation. One 
feels as if it might tip completely 
over at any time. 

Back again at Florence we saw 
the Tomb o£ the Medici, also 

Michael Angelo's famous figures of Night and Morning. 
Wont in Dante's house where it is said he wrote his 
" Inferno." Having feasted our eyes on the beautiful 
things in Floreuc* we continued our trip. Stopped at 
Bologna for a short time and then pushed on to Venice. 

I To hv 


boys at the office of the Ewi^Un- .sailly overhauled the 
scrap bags and the ancient strata of old copy which en- 
vironed the political desk, all written upon the back ot 
pink subscription blanks of the Kiiqvirrr, and the manu- 
script of the genial Bloss was scattered as mementoes 
among his friends. 

My piece is herewith accurately copied. I have been 
thinking of offering one hundred bicycles' to the first 
hundred nearest guessers in Philadelphia ; but 1 reflect 


The Worst Writer in America. 

It has been said that all soils of meanings could be ex 
ttacted from one of Horace Greeley's letters, dependent 
upon which margin of the paper was held uppermost. 
There are still in the insane asylums of the country num- 
bers ot old-time compositors who rashly worked too long 
upon the tangled chirography of the grizzled Horace. 
Mauy people who had tackled the writing of tne great 
editor came to believe that it was absolutely the worst 
ever perpetrated in the history of the world, but. bless 
you ! they didu't know, fur all the time there existed iu 
Cincinnati a man mimed M D. Bloss, a modest, unassum- 
ing man, who made no proud claim for his wonderful 
ability to hide his ideas upou paper. He was a reporter 
upon the ICnqirirt'i; ftud his penmanship was so unspeak- 
ably beyond comprehension it made (Ti-eeley's manuscript 
appear ivs the skilled achievement of a professor in a first- 
class business college. 

More wonderful still, there were men at the case who 
had '* got onto his curves" and who set nothing else. 
They couldn't handle ordinary written copy. It 
was Bloss or nothing with them. After a while Bloss 
was promoted to the position of political editor. This 
was right in his line, for the politicians could always find 
just what they wanted iu his copy with the help of the 
writer, and when it didn't come out that way iu the pa- 
per it was all laid to the blame of the stupid compositors. 
No one may know to what heights of perfection in 
point of utter badness Bloss might have carried his copy 
in course of time. All he needed was the thought of a 
Browning, which, coupled with his handiwork, would 
have made him an immortal. But one day in 1ST6 he was 
killed by an accident upou the "Pan Handle," and the 



that both Kirkbride's and the Nomstown Asylum are 
already overcrowded. 

This fragmeut has been variously deciphered to coutain 
an attack upon the nepotism of General Grant as Presi- 
dent, to be an answer from a farming friend regarding 
early cabbages, and also a declination to run for the Ohio 
Legislature. 1 give it up. Solutions should be accom- 
panied by postage stamps as a guarantee of high pert^onal 
character. -F;T(n/c H. Tayloi-y in Philadplphin Jntiuirrr. 


Up to- date visiting cards are inscribed in Roman let- 
ters. The use of script is not obsolete, but as a fashion- 
able whim it is decidedly outre, says New Yorl: JoumaL 

Both styles are occasionally seen on one card ; for in- 
stance, the name in clearly defined, aggressive Roman let- 
ters and the place of residence in delicately outlined 

The newest cards are exceedingly thin, fine of texture, 
with a remarkably dull finish. Those for matrons are 
almost square, measuring three inches in length and two 
and three quarter inches in width. For the " miss " of 
the family an eighth of an inch smaller is the decree, and 
for the male members a slender card a trifle larger than 
half the size of the matron's card. 

Personal preference is no longer permitted the widow 
as to the style of her visiting card. Society does not con- 
cede to her the right to use her husband's name, but she 
must be known as Mrs Agnes Jones-Brown. 

You should by all means leave a card if the mistress of 
the house is not at home when you call. Leave two of 
your husband's cards as well, should it be the first call of 
the year. After dinner invitations only is it good form to 
leave the husband's card again during the season. 

Immediate replies are the rule to a wedding breakfast 
invitation. To those bidding you to a dinner responses 
must imperatively be given at once. 

Prompt personal inquiry is most desirable where sym- 
pathy is to be expressed. If this is impossible, a card by 
mail containing a word of condolence or inquiry, as the 
occasion may require, is the proper thing. 

From -l to o'clock in the afternoon and 8 to 10 in the 
eveniug are the hours observed by men in polite society 
for calling or leaving cards. Gentlemen are expected al- 
ways to call upon the ladies "at home" day. At such 
times a card left for the master ot the house is correct. 
After a first hospitality and after every entertainment 
sending or leaving a card becomes a duty. 

If a gentleman is a member of the army or navy it is 
permissible that his proper title shall adorn the card. 
Abbreviations which indicate the profession of a gentle- 
man follow the name. 

A gentleman's club address may properly appear in the 
left corner, or if he resides at his club in the lower right 

Hlily ill nil llniid^ rithiL'. 

IVi'C Ever H'rttttn Afilir. 
vei- inu He. 

' Th'i Sciantiftc Investigation of Haudwritiiit,'"' w 

Xo Tiro Si ff mil It 

Ames of New York. In addition to its scientific voiuo addi- 
tional interest was tiivmi to the lecture because of Professor 
Ames beius om- >•{ th.> > xp.'r t.-; whi. nime to this city for the 
purpose ol pn'^-n':; n]<.'u t lir LTi intiinMii'ss of tho pencil will 
and pencil do.^ii-^ m ilh . .-I.l.i ;it.'.l l-'air will case. 

Professor Ami'- iii;nti- •■]>■ ,y i \io v.n iius points of hislectare 
by the aid of a lilnrkl'Maiii. iliuf-tnilini.' in chalk as he pro- 
ceeded. He said that be lutd olleu Ufiird people say that there 
was nothing in the scientific luvestiyation of writing, for the 
reason that persons taucht by the tamo instructor and fol- 
lowing the same text book'i wrote very much alike. He told 
his hearers not to believe this, for character was as indelibly 
stamped upon handwritins as on the face or form of an indi- 
vidual. A class ot pupils under the same instruction might 
by care and application iearn to write very much alike, but 
when they went out into the world their handwriting beRsn 
to change under the influence ot environment, character, 
taste and habit. It one hecame a bookkeeper his handwrit- 
ing would be orderly and uniform ; another Koing into a law 
oflSce would reel otf hiero^ilypbics m an effort to get his 
thoughts upon piper : a third going into an insuance office 
would gradually develop a handwriting in which there was 
uuality, symnetry and fauilty. The one retiring from arhonl 
to take charge ot an estate he has inherited and to live at 
ease would follow much the same hand as he had acquired 
at school. 

If a man is orderly his handwriting will be orderly. If he 
is slovenly his handwriting will be slovenly. It a man fol- 
lows a commercial life he will develop a symmetrical and 
practical hand. Changes took place in every letter of the 
alphabet in mnking the adult bunuwiiting. These changes 
crejit in unconsciously and no two handwritings were alike. 
No one handwriting had been in duplicate of another on 
this earth and never would bp. 

Professor Ames said that a person writing perfect Spen- 
cerian would baffle an expert. The writing of two instructors 
that was perfect Spencerian would baffle an expert, and ho 
could do nothing with it because it was impersonal. But 
after leaving school tOe writing of tbe ■oupil gradually 
changed Irom the copy taught until it took on the charac- 
teristics of the writer. No adult writer thought of what he 
was writing— that is. of the letters he was forming. He 
wrote automatically, placing his thoughts upon paper by 
for e of habit 

" If one altemnts to forge the handwriting of another he 
un.'oiisriiMi-l\- iniroduces his own personality into the 
foiv'i \ ' --iHi "'■ j^peaker. "There are three conditions 
whii h;i- it i n possible for a forgery to be perfect. First, 
the wi ill r ill - ii.>! koow all his own peculiar personalities : 
second, li'i LlnL-s iiijf know all the peculiar personalities of the 
writer who-;G hand ho seeks to imitate; third, he is not the 
pBrfect artist hi nself to make his eye or hand do exactly 
what he wishes, 

" In forgeries the hand stops at unnatural places. The 
writing is stiff and frequently has been retouched. These 
conditions are usually apparent at first sight Then the 
expert takes the geunine writing or exem,plar and makes 
comparisons. He will find that in the forgery the lines are 
crossed or closed a little higher or lower than in the genuine, 
and there will also be other differences readily seen by the 

Professor Ames told of a forgery in Philadelphia in which 
S41K) OtH) was involved The original document had bi-en writ- 
ten by a man 70 years old and the forgery by a young man. 
The old man. in his youth, had been taught the old Spencer- 
ian system of writing, and still retained some of its charac- 
teristics The voung man Itad learned modern KpenceriE 

distinguish the forged letti 

) distini^uish wheal 

It was a popular idea that a man could completely dif-guise 
his writing by changing his pen from the right to the left 
hand. This wasa mi*ttako. as the writing of the left hand 
would take on the same characteristics as the right so far as 
its luck of skill would permit. 

It was often urged tiiat experts disagreed, and that con- 
sequently there was mihinginit. There was nothing in 
art. sL-ience or literature as to which all people agreed. 
Sometimes tbe expert wa** baffled because he was not given 
ground enout;h to stand upon. The professor told of a case 
in which Stil.Uf'U was stolen from an express package and 
green pnp-r substituted, alter which a new tag was placed 
on th-^ package and it was forwarded. Tho exoert was given 
tbe tag. the onlv writing upon which were the word and 
ablireviation. "Susquehanna, Pa." Samples of the hand- 
writing of every employee through whose hands the package 
was sui'posed to have passed were procured and submitttd 
to the expert to determine which of the writers wrote the 
wcrds on the tag. The expert failed to locate the writer of 
the lag. It was reasonable that he should do so from the 
limited amount of writing in ciuestion. As was subsequently 
proved by tbe capture and confession of the thief, his writing 
wa^ not among tlie specimens submitted to the expert. 

The lecturer advised his audience that in adopting 
a signature it was better to write it with a full or 
forearm swing. It was almost impossible to forge fa- 
cility and sweep. Anything that tended to delibera- 
tion favored forgery. A tracing or drawn line was easily 
discovered under a microscope. It differed from a stroke 
line in that the former was irregidar and tbe ink (lowed less 
freely from the pen. It was much more ditlicuit to discover 
a pencil forgery than ono in ink No man ever wrote his 
name twice abke. and an exact copy of a signature was 
always known to b^a forgery. Odd and fantastic signatures 
were'more easily forged than those whirh flow and sweep. 

The professor talked at length upon the manner in which 
occupation, nationality and sex could be told in handwriting. 
A woman's handwriting showed the 'lamo caprice and fancy 
as did the feathers and ribbons of her hat and dress.— r/ie 
San Francisco Chronicle, Dec. 17, 1H96. 

The Fair will case, ou which Mr. Ames was 
called as expert, will be illustrated in The Jouhnal 
as soon as the case is legally disposed of. 

Penman's Art Journal. 

The Increase of colleges in Ame:ica during the last hun- 
dred years bus been marvelous. Before the breaking 
out of the Revolutionary War nine were In existence, and 
now the total number is four hundred and fifty-one. — 

Little minds are tamed and subdued by misfortune, 
but great minds rise above it. — Wushiiujton Ircing. 


a^ •■ ■■■- -.-y- 

TnE JouBKAL Is published In two cdttlona: 

Thk Hknman's Art Joukwal, 20 pages. subserlpUoD price. 50 cents 
a year, 5 cental a number. 

The Pesman's Art Jourkal. News Edition, 24 pages, subscription 
price. 91 a year, 10 cent» a number. 

Both editions are Identical except four added pages of News and 
Hl8<M>llnn7 In the News Edition. AM Instruction features and adver- 
tisements appear In both editions. 

ADVEBTisiwo RATES.— 80 cent« per nonpareil line. 93. AO per inch, 
each Innertion. Discounts for term and space. Special estimates 
runilnhed on application. No advertisement taken for less than 5*i. 

HiinilreilM ot beauiitiil and uflf^rul books Are lisieil !n 
our new book nnil premium cntnlonne. nilb combinntiou 
i-iiirN in connection witb "Jonrnnl" HiibscriiHione, both 
ni'w and rcnewnU, sinule nml in clubs. As we Rive the 
NubHcriber benefit of the larKcst wboIcNitle reduction ou 
■ he books in cotinertion with the combinntion ofl'cr, it 
rii-qucutly happens Ihni be is ennbled to obtain book 
nud paper nt couHldernbly less thnn the book nlonc 
would cost of any dealer. It will pay any inlellitcent 
iiernou to send n two-cf>nt stntnp for this cntnloKnc. 
niauy valuable susrecstions for presents. 






iifces.ary loeiv 

colli an wcl 

nil ncv 

V aililx 




iiPMriiiar clianKi's 


We > 



iioliHcd n 

IP inoulli ill nilv 

mice or niij 


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Otiici-wisc arrnnKemcuts slioi 

III be 





JOIIUNAl, l'oi« 


Progress of the Bushwhacking Campaign. 

'■ Not loss than KLOlKl copies of oarh of the Inst Ihrpe eiii- 
tionsot the ll'Md/n rrnmau have been wrintcd. No similar 
publication hna as laree a circulation."— i^roHi the Western 
Vciiman. December. 18911. 

Then you lie or we do. You cannot possibly have 
known the circulation of The Penman's Art Journal 
for this specially selected three months, simply because 
.you did not take the trouble to inquire. Notwithstand- 
ing, with entire disregard of what might be the real 
facts, you make a sweeping statement that is demon- 
strably false upon your own admission, and with the 
same fine recklessness put upon it your pledge of verifica- 
tion — " all statements to the contrary notwithstanding." 

Wherefore, it is perfectly plain that you lie, or we do. 
Now, come out of the bushes and let us have the dirty 
business cleared up for once and all. The Journal's 
paper makers are Vernon Bros. & Co., 26 Reade St., New 
York. Tins Journal's printers are the Williams Print- 
ing Company, 233 William St., New York. They are au- 
thorized to give you any information that you may seek. 
Who perform these services for you y 

For the benefit of any one really interested iu knowing 
the facts, we will say that it is not only true that " no^ 
less than Hi. 000 copies" of each and every one of the 
three issues of The Penman's Akt Jouunal for the three 
months specially selected by -the Western I'enmim have 
been printed and circulated, but that statement falls very 
much short of the full truth. For instance, the aver- 
age circulation of The Penman's Art Journal for the 
past sis months has been lti,4.'jS copies, and the average 
circulation for the past four months (embracing the 
period selected by the Western Penman) has been over 
ir.OflO copies. 

Two or three months ago we published the figures of 
Thk Journal's circulation for the entire year. Being 
unable to make so good a showing (or it assuredly would 
have published the figures), our contemporary, with 
characteristic recklessness, preferred to remain behind 
the woodpile and promulgate this glittering generalty : 
'■ Our circulation is greater th«i that of any other pen 
mauship publication, slalemenrs to llie contmrii noluitli- 
stftnilin'i." Which, as we have proven out of its own 
mouth, is perfectly untrue. We think Cedar Rapids 
would better guess again and confine its gness to a single 
number— the same to be made specially to order with 
tbat end in view. 

TuK's Aht Journal's circulation is not only 
the largest of its class iu the world, but it is a significant 
fact that a large majority of its subscribers buy that edi- 
tion which costs fully twice us much as any other pen- 
man's paper. The present issue of The Journal begins 
its twenty-fii'st year and finds it with thousands of friends, 
over all English spealdng -\m'ric>. There have been 
times in this long period when the pulling was rather 
hard, but never any time when The Journal has sought 
to attract patronage by back-biting its fellow workers, 
or to put them in a false position by means of dishonor- 
able insinuation, garbled extracts and reckless imputa- 

We may be wrong, but we have a sort of idea that this 
bushwhacking, campaign has not panned out exactly ac- 

cording to expectation. The tenor of our large corre- 
spondence and the way our good clubbing friends are com- 
ing forward back up that view. One of them has just 
seut in a graphic expression ot his sentiments lelatmg to 
this matter iii the form of a list of over four hundred 
subscribers— and " there are others," in numbers as never 


A OIL- >iiKie»a lioiii Every fSlniiiliioiiil. 
riie Lnryetl Conienlion of lummercial Tenrhers 
Jieer Held. 
The 1896 meeting of the four associatioDS com- 
prising the Federation of Commercial Teachers' 
Associations was a historical one, and many who 
were present, in years to come will look back at this 
meeting as being tbe first really great and largely 



attended meeting of commercial teachers. There 
have been other large meetings, bat none so well 
attended as the 1S90 meeting. It was a represtnta- 
tive gathering and one that did honor to the cause 
of practical education. 

■The programme was well carried out, and the 
verdict of all was that the members had a jolly good 
time. The business schools, commercial teachers 
and specialists in the public schools of Chicago ex- 
tended a right royal welcome, and did everything in 
their power to make the visiting members feel at 

FromDuUith, Minn , on the north to New Orleans 
on the sou'h, New York on the east to Emporia, 
Kang., on the west, and from a goodly number of 
intervening States, did the clans gather. 

The convention opened on time and the programme 
vfas attacked with vim and snap, and from 1 pm 
Mondiy tintil 11 HO p.m' Wednesday there wasn't a 
minute's breathing time— scarcely time for eating 
or sleeping. 

The four associations, with four meaty, separate 
programmes iu full sway at one time, reminded one 
of a mammoth tour-ring circus, and a number who 
were interestel in the four branches ot the work 
were kept on the jump going from room to room to 
catch a few words ot each programme. 

Following the four associations' programmes came 
the general or Federation programme, and, while it 
was an after show and concert, yet it occupied about 
as much space in the minds of all as tlie four ling 
performance, and, like the after-show, and concert of 
a circus, it sent all home for the night in good humor. 

So successful was tbe ISOG meeting that members 
present resolved that the attendance would be larger 
in '97 and that the meeting would be better in every 
particular than that of 1S96. This is a big contrai t 
to undertake, but at the rate at which the association 
is growing there is no telling how large the attend- 
an -e will bo In 1897. 

The programme as carried out in the Federation 
and the four associations was as follows: 

Monday December 28, I»I)8. 
After tlio first session of the four associations the feder- 
ated body iiiet at i p.TU. Monday. Dec. 2atb. President S. S. 
Pa :kard made the opening address. Mayor Swift not put- 
ting in an apppearance, O. M. Powers, Priu..of the Metro- 


politan Business College, welcomed the Federation to Chicago 
in a few well-chosen words. Eloquent responses were made 
by \V. N. Ferris, Big Rapids, Mich. : O. W. Brown, Jackson- 
ville, 111., and E. R. Pelton. Cleveland. O. Tbe evening session 
of the Federation was opened by a song by A. N. Palmer. 
who was heartily applauded and compelled to favor the audi- 
ence with another selection. The Presilent's address by 
S. S. Packard followed. It was largely iu a reminiscent vein, 
and was a document of historical and general interest. As 
The Journal hopes to print it in the near future, no synop- 
sis will be given at this time. The discussion ot the Presi- 
dent's address was made by W. H. Sadler. Kolt. C. Spencer, 
E. K. Felton, D T. Ames, Geo. W. Brown, U. C. Curtiss, J. W. 
Warr, J. E. King, W. N. Ferris, Enos Spencer and W. J. 

Tuesday, Decemuer '^9, 1896. 

The afternoon session of the Federation was opened with 
music. A song, " The Picture on the Wall," was sung by <i. 
W. Uurmau, of New Orleans. This song was composed by 
Douglas P. Bird and dedicated to the Western Penmen s 
-•issoci.ition. A lecture, ■' The Cost of a Fool," by Rev . 
.lenkin Lloyd Jones, ot Chicago, was heartily eD,ioyed by 
every member. It was full ot bright thoughts and noble 
sentiment, and showed the Rev. Mr. Jones to be an original 
thinker and a man who is not afraid to express his ideas, 
even though they are opposed to the general opinion. 

At the evening session of the Federation Miss Waller, ot 
Chicago, favored the association with two sorgs. She was 
roundly applauded. 

The address ot the President of the Western Penmen's 
Association was next delivered by L. M. Thornburgh, Cedar 
Rapids, la. It was ably written, well delivered and showed 
the high ideals that Mr. Thornburgh would have each mem- 
ber of the association keep in mind. 

"School Management." by E. N. Spellman of Chicago, 
was the next paper. Mr. Spellman advo;ated a three years' 
course, less advertising, no soliciting for students, teachers 
to have a commission interest in the school. He clBimed 
that If more attention were given to pupils loss advertising 
would be required, as the pupils would be the school's best 
advertisement. He took the teacher's side of the question 
as against the school proprietor, and made bis points in a 
strong, telling manner While the speaker held radical 
views, yet it was easy to see the majority of the audience 
were in accord with him. 

" Father Spencer, His Life and Work," was a beautiful 
tribute by his son, Robert C. Spencer, Milwaukee, Wis. He 
described many personal characteristics and read several 
poems written by his father. 

" Ode to the Pen," written by Father Spencer, was suns 
by the association to the tnne ot " Auld Lang Syne." S. S. 
Packard followed Mr. Spencer, and gave many personal 
reminiscences of Father Spencer during Mr. Packard's asso- 
ciation with him in Bryant & Stratton's Business Collega 
in Chicaeo forty years ago. 

" Pedagogy in Business Education," by Carl C. Marshall, 
Battle Creek, Mich., was a very able paper. Mr. Marshall 

Secrbtarv Federation of Educational Associatio 

took the ground that until commercial teachers study 
psychology and give ns much attention to the theory of 
teaching as they do to the pr»ttice of it. they could never 
take the high rank to which they were entitled. 


. De 

ER 2!), 1806. 
songs by Mr. Palmer 

The meeting opened wi 
which were en.ioyed by all. 

'■Suc:ess in Business" was the theme of a splendid talk by 
A. H. Revel], one of Chicago's solid and prosperous business 
men. whose own career entitled him to talk on this then e. 
Mr. Revell gave tbe teachers much good advice. 

"Fraudulent Advertising" was discussed most earnestly 
by B. B, Jones. Lexington, Ky..Bnd upon his motion a special 
committee was appointed to draft resolutions on this mat- 
ter. The committee reported later, and resolutions, after 
some discussion and a few changes, were adopted. These 
resolutions condemned dishonest advertising and tbe guar- 
anteeing ot positions They were possed unanimously. 

" How Much Law Should a Business Man Know 1 " was dis- 
cussed by Hon Francis W. Walker. ex-Assistant State's 
Attorney, Chicago. After stating that a business man who 


wishes t'j succeed should ko to ii law office when in letjal deep 
water. Mr, Walker proceeded to show that the buainesg 
mtn of the country shonhl take more practical interest in 
polituK Mr. Walker enthus<?'i the audience. 

•■ Tho Detection of Spurious HandwritinK." l>y D- T. Ames, 
^few York, proved of unusual interoat. and Mr. Ames was 
closely followed in his remarks by the audience. Far-simile^ 
of the genuine and forced writing in u number of noted 
catics were distributed, and this helped the audience materi- 
ally to understand tho comparisons made by the speaker. 

Article! of the Constitution, tho name of the Federation, 
by unanimous vote was changed to rend. " Federation of 
Kducational Assaciaiions.'" which will be the name of the 
fedoratod bodv h.-reiif ter. This change was made in deftrence 
to the wishes of the Writing and Urawing Teachers- 
Association. They thought the word " commercial" in the 
<7ld name kept many public school teHchers from joining 
their association. 

Invitations for the next meeting were extended from Mil- 
waukee, ChKvigo and New York. Upon vote of the associa- 




tion it woH decided to hold the meeting in Chicago, and the 
selection of the school at which the meetings would be held 
was left to the new Esocutive Committee. They selected 
the Chi<ngo Easiness College, and in this school, during holi- 
day week, IHli", will beheld the Twelfth Annual Meeting of 
tho Federation of Educational Associations. 

Tho names of tho now officers will be found in another 

WiHi^t'n rvnmen'H Asuoctatton. 
MONUAY, DecKMBEH 28, 1896. 

The session opened quite promptly, with President Thorn 
burgh in the chair. After the report of the Treasurer and 
other business the first topic on the programme, " Methods 
Used in Teaching Beginning Classes in Business Writing." 
by ('. N. Crniidle, Chicago, was taken up. Mr. C'randle advo- 
cated, first, to secure the confidence of your pupils, and that 
methods must ba adapted to the different grades of papils. 
Tho pupils should be in a hnppy mood, and funny stories and 
ridiculous illustrations of faults are often useful. A success- 
ful teacher must be original and be a hustler. He gave six 
rules of success : Work, work, work, work, work, work. 
Discussion participated in by V. A. Faust, W. W. Terry. G. 
A. Harman and A. N. Palmer. 

The next topic. " Odds and Ends." was by C, A. Faust Chi- 
cago. Mr. Faust said that methods of interesting a class is one- 
half the battle. He believes in contests, uses a camera to take 
pictures of groups of good writers, also has the members in 
the class choose sides on the old fashioned spelling school 
plan, to see which side can do the greatest amount of good 
writing in a given time. He has a budget for each student 
containing specimens selected daily. This is to be written 
up at home and to be bound and examined ty the parents. 
The discussion was participated in by Harman. Moore. Net- 
tletou, Kinsley. Fish and Ames. 

"Teaching Left Hand Writing," by W. H. H. Uarver. 
Peoria. 111., followed. Mr. Garver said it was natural for 
left hand writers to write back hand. He gave tho same 
t>xerciso8 as for the ri^ht hand except cliange of slant. Mr. 
Garver advocated practice with both hands for young 
pupils. 80 as to encourage ambidextrous writinu. Discus- 
sion participated in by Sadler. Harman. Stevenson, Moore, 

Tuesday, Deckmuek •>!), m»6. 
The first subject on the programme was "New.^paper 
Illustrating," by H. R. Beaton, of the Chicago rwiiaic. Mr. 
Heaton explained how drawings are made and cuts engraved 
111 the various styles of newspaper illustrating. He also 
K.ive many helpful hints, told of qualifications necessary for 
artists, and hiw the young to-be artist should start. An 
artist with idv(u^ is more in demand than one with technical 
skill alone. 

"Revival of an Ancient Art." by C. L. Ricketts. Chicago, 
followed. The art referred to is (hat of eng'rossing and 
Illuminating. After a decay of several hundred years, 
illuminating and engrossing have ouce more comt" to the 
front, and artistic work of penmen is greatly in demand. 

■' Business Writing. ' by A. N. Palmer, Cedar Rapids. Iowa, 
followed. Mr Palmer ^ave his mi-tUods of handling classes, 
and the conventl<m. with pen iu hand, followed the instruc- 
tions. I. W. Pi^rson followed with some of his ideas of teach- 
ing business writing, illustrated by the blackboard. 

Dijcussion of capitals and small letters to use for business 
purposes followed, and m.iny amusing and costly errors 
made by telegraph operators and others were illustrated by 
D. T. Ames. 

.1. W. McCasli^ gave his plan of teaching business writing, 
developing many good points. 

At the oponiny of the afternoon session the President ap- 
pointed a committee consisting of Messrs. Fish, t'raudle and 
Kinsley to listen to n paper by Isaac S. Dement, of the 
shorthand department, on "Muscle and Briin as Ap 
pliod to Shorthand." Alter listening to .Mr. Dement wh > 
udvjcated tbtj wrist and finger movemeut for shorthand. 

claiming that muscular movement hindered rather than 
heli)ed in speed and ease in writing, the Shorthand Associa- 
tion declared it to be the opinion of that body that the long 
hind method of teaching writing is diametrically opposed 
to the method required for teaching shorthand, and further- 
more that penmanship teachers should be instracted to 
teach pupils a combined movement. Lively discussions in 
both the Shorthand Association and the Western Penmen's 
Association preceded the adoption of these resolutions. It 
was the opinion of all those who had the most experience in 
teaching shorthand, and particularly those who hid taught 
both shorthand and long hand, that the wrist and finder 
movement for shorthand was less tiring and led to greater 

H. S. Hubble gave a most interesting talk on " Art in Ad- 
vertising," reading a story in connection w ith it and enforc- 
ing his points by many of his own drawings made for adver- 
tising purposes, several of which have become widely known 
by their appearance in magazines. 

J. W. McCaslin was next on the programme, with " Relative 
Position of Right Arm and Paper." Mr. McCaslin has many 
strong i leas, -which he is not afraid to push to the front. In 
a discussion that followod F. H Criger gave his method of 
developing capitals from the M exercise. A. N. Palmer dis- 
cussed whether the pupils should be given a particular style 
in case they do not have one of their own. 

Wednesday, Decembeb 30, 18!)(I. 

G. E. Nettleton opened the ball with a strong presentation 
of his method of teaching figures. Headvocatedsmall figures, 
and departed from the old-time standard form in many par- 
ticulars. Discussion was participated in by Fish. Criger, 
Faust. Kinsley. 

"Are We Teaching a Style of Writing That Can Be Retained 
in Business ? " was J. F. Fish's subject. Mr. Fish was of the 
opinion that we are : that the advancement made by business 
colleges in the teaching of busines.s writing was such that 
the students upon leaving the school were able to retain the 
style of writing taught them. Discussion by Weaver. 
Craudle. Pierson, Kinsley. 

" Normal School Methods " was the topic of W. (3. Steven- 
son. Emporia. Kans . who cUimed it was absurd to teach all 
pupils to hold the hand in the same position. He condemned 


verfical writing. Discussed by Faust, Mills, Moore. Crandle. 

The afternoon session was opened by a psper. " Iconoclasm 
in Penmanship." by C. P. Zaner, and read by L. M. Thorn- 
burgh. The subject was handled in Mr. Zaner's usual mas- 
terly style. 

"Movements to be Used in Teaching Business Capitals,'' 
by L. M. Thornburgh. brought out a running fire of ques- 
tions and criticisms and gave Mr. Thornburgh an opportu- 
nity to explain and illustrate many of tho strong points ho 
uses in teaching. Discussed by Kelcbner and others. 

"Business Writing," by W. J. Kinsley. Now York, ful- 
Itiwed. The speaker claimed that teachers of business writ- 
ing had not kept pace with the improvement in methods of 
doing business and that our present style was too slow. Dis- 
cussed by Crandle, Sharp, Brandrup, Kelly and others. 

H. F. Keen, a Chicago public school teacher, appealed to 
the association to devise some plan to help the Chicago pub- 
lic school pupils out of the slough of chirographic despond in 
which they are at present. He said they needed methods and 
help that they are not getting. 

Tho last number on the programme was " The Writing 
Teacher's Mission," which was handled by G. E. Weaver. 
Btr. Weaver said that the mission was a noble one, and em- 
braced more than the mere teaching of writing. 

It was voted to recommend toichange the name of the feder- 
ated body to the " Federation of Kducational Associations." 

After the election of officers, whose names are given in 
another column, the associatiin adjourned. 

Writinff anil Drawini 

Monday, Dec 

, 1890. 

After the organization the first paper on the programme, 
"Vertical Writing in Primary Grades." was read by O J. 
Millikea of the Fallon School. Chcago. Mr. Milliken favored 
vertical writing, and from a census of opinions of the prin- 
cipals of the Chicago public schools it seems that they 
favored it too. Short speeches by members, both pro and 
con. followed. 

Miss Lucy Keller. Dulutb, Minn., favored vertical, and 
-stated she could write faster with it than with the slant. 
She iilsi said she could not see how hygienic position could 
t>e secured without hygienic desks. 

H. Champlin, Cincinnati, stated that he could get no move- 

ment with the vertical, and sfiid be could write it about 
three-fourths as East as the slant. In the Cincinnati schools 
they use the right oblique position. 

J. H. Woodru.f . Indianapolis, found that the more he tried 
vertical the m-jre he liked it ; advocated the slide arm rest 
instead of renting as iu the oblique position. 

H. B. Lehman Valparaiso. Ind., said his observation was 
that not one in fifty who wrote vertical used muscular move- 

"Vertical Writing in Grammar Schools," by W. .T. Black, 
principal Sherwood School. Chicago. 111., brought out a num- 
ber of strong points. He showed epecimens of pupils' work 
and read letters from others giving their views on the rela- 
tive merits of vertical and slanting writing. 

The vertical advocates admitted that the wrist rested on 
the table while writing vertical, and H. Champlln claimed 
that no tea-her can teach movement who can't use it her- 
self. He stated that two classes of people were easily con- 
verted to vertical: First, the hook agent who was put into a 
territory and told to get orders': second, teachers who have 
failed in teaching slant writing. 

W. C. Stevenson and A. N. Palmer opposed vertical and 
J. H. Woodruff favored vertical, and E. E. Roudebu^h. Chi- 
catto. favored it. D. W. Hoff. Oak Park. 111., advocated that 
teachers should qualify themselves to teach either slant or 

Tuesday. December 29. 180n 

" The Practical Helps Derived from a Membership of Five 
Years in the Western Penmen's Association," by Howard 
Champlin. Cincinnati, was largely reminiscent and gave ex- 
pression of Mr. Champlin's views on the programmes here- 
tofore presented by the as:;ociation. Mr. Champlin wasn't 
afraid to speak right out in meeting, and gave some hard 
raps here and there in a good natured manner and gave 
praise where he thought it was deserved. He praised The 
Journal for its good work and for its stand against flap- 

Miss L. Viola Waller. Clmrles City, Iowa, gave a lesson in 
writing for the first and second grade pupils. She uses pencil 
instead of ink in the first grade and uses stiff ruled paper : 
assumes right oblique position, owing to narrowness of 
desks, and uses writing books every other day ; introduces 
letters in groups according to form, beginning with 
small / ; interests young pupils with little stories about 
letters ; allows oblique holder in higher grade ; has two 
lessons a week in high school ; gives special lessons to meet 
the demands made by regular work. 

V. M. Russell. Cambridge. Ind.. gave an interesting talk on 
writing, and remarked that he was teaching some and was 
learning much more. 

D. W. Hoff. Oak Park, Ul.. gave a very interesting descrip- 
tion of his method of grading and marking, which is a very 
novel one, and we hope to present it to Journal readers in 
the near future. Mr. Hoff is full of ideas and devices for in- 
teresting pupils and grade teachers and getting the greatest 
amount ot work fr jm all. 

" Writing in the Kindergarten " led to a general discussion, 
,1. H Woodruff giving his plan of outlining the letter on the 
board, the child to outline it on desk with colored shoe pegs 
or sewing it on cardboard. Mr. Woodruflf had many strong 
ideas about writing in lower grades, and had a novel manner 
of presenting the work to the children. 

Miss Keller outlined the plan upon which the vertical sys- 
tem was built. One peculiarity of her work was the extreme 
size of the blackboard copioe. She stated that frequently 
the letters were written on a scale in which the minimum 
letters were from 6 to 8 inches high, the stroke nearlv 1 inch 
wide, made with the side of the chalk. She next illustrated 
the position of the pen. which is hold with the thumb instead 
of the unler finger at the top and with the hand turned to 
the right more than in the standard position, 
Wednesday, December 30,1896. 

" Reasons Why Vertical Writing Became Popular." was 
the topic chosen by Miss Lucy E. Keller. Miss Keller is a 
strong advocate of the vertical style and gave an explanation 
of whv the vertical style has encroached on the slanting 

•' Practical Writing for Puplic Schools; or. Why Copy-books 
Should Be Abandoned," furnished A. N. Palmer the theme 
for wholesale slaughter of copy-books and copy-book meth- 
ods. J. H. Woodruff advocated the copy-books and drew 
.'Sharply the distinction between the use and misuse of them. 
He advocated the use of copy as a means of fixing the mental 

C. H. Peirce at the forenoon session was strongly opposed 
to copy-books, and at the afternoon session had switched 
around and said that they were a necessary evil. 

D. W. Hoff thought that special teachers were better than 
copy-books, but he wouldn't take the life-saving plank away 
from the pupil because a boat wasn't at hand. He thought 
that a patent medicine was a good thing to have in the house 
until the doctor arrived. 

H. Champlin advocated the copy-books, and stated that he 
secures arm movement in using them. He uses plenty of 
ptaciico paper in connection with them. 

C. C. Curtis advocated copy-books, and said that the best 
books are but helps. 

D. T. Ames and others took the same general line of argu- 
ment -that a teacher is better than a copy-book and that a 
copybook is better than nothing. 

Robert C Spencer followed with a talk that was much ap 
precidted by the younser teachers. He stated that he had 
been broadened by listening to the discussion and thought 
that they were one iu spirit. He gave a topical outline of 
writing, and was closely followed by the audience He at- 
tributed much of the weakness of the eves of the Germans 
to the angular character of their writing and printing as 
used in their education. He read extracts from Father 
Spencer's lectures. 

C. H. Peirce gave his methods of teaching and explained 
how he started in lower grades. 

After somo routine business officers, whose names are given 
elsewhoro, were elected. 


Shorthiitui Tetichei-8' Amiociation. 

Monday December 38. mm. 

The department was called to order at 2 p m. Monday in 
the Metropolitan Business College. Chicago, by the Vice- 
President, Mrs. C. A. Faust of Chicago, the President. O. A. 
Whitmer of Atlanta, Ga.. being absent. 

The Secretary, Miss Flora Blair of ChicaRO. being absent. 
the chairman appointed Mies Hattie L. Cook of Cedar Rapids 
secretary pro tem. M. J. Kuetz, Chairman of the Executive 
Committee, repcrted the work of the committee in preparins 
the programme and taking other steps to make the meetiUR 
of the association both plea"aQt and profitable. 

The subject. •' Shorthand : System and Method of Instruc- 
tion," was presented in a paper by D Kimball of Chicago. 
The paper contained many helpful suggestions, and was die- 
cussed by Mr. H. G. Healey of Cedar Rapids. Mr. Isaac S. 
Dement of Chicaeo. Mr. Cbas. M. Miller of New York. Mr. 
M. J. Roetz of Elgin. 111., Mr. Farnham of Chicago and others. 

The second paper of the afternoon was presented by F. 
M. Van Antwerp of Louisville, Ky. under the caption. 
"Shorthand as a Mental Discipline." The discussion of this 
paper was led by D. Kimball of Chicago, followed by Mr. 
Miller. Mr. Guest of Milwaukee and others. 


The session opened at (i.30 a.m.. Mrs C. A. Faust in the 
chair. The topic. "Methods of Teaching Shorthand," by 
W. J. Durand of the West Side Business College. Chicago. 
was presented in a most able manner. The discussion of 
this paper was led by Mr. Kitt of the Metropolitan Bus. 
Coll.. Chicago, followed by Mr. Cbas. M. Miller of New York. 
Mr. Dement of Chicago. Mr. Healey of Cedar Rapids. Mr. 
C. M. Bartlett of Cincinnati, Ohio, and others. 

The next pappr of the morning session was " The Value of 
Word Signs and How to Teach Them," presented by Mr. H. 
G. Healey of Cedar Rapids. Iowa. This paper was discussed 
by Mr. Chas. T. Piatt of Evanston, III.. Mr. Dement. Mr. 
Miller, Mrs. Faust and others. 

It was moved by Mr. H. G. Healey that a committee of 
three be appointed to confer with similar committees fVom 
the other sections in regard to teaching penmanship to bhort- 
hand pupiU, the best movement to be used, etc. The com- 
mittee appointed by the chair was as follows : H G. Healey, 
J. W. Durand. Isaac S. Dement. 

In the absence of the President, it was moved by J. W. 
Durand that some member be appointed to represent the 
Shorthond Section at the general meetings. The motion 
was carried, and Mr. Isaac S. Dement was appointed. 

The afternoon session was called to order by the chair. A 
call was made for railway certificates to be given to Treas- 
urer. The Chairman urged all present to register who de- 
sired to become members of the department and to secure 

" The Watson Method of Teaching Shorthand," by John 
Watson of Baltimore, was presented by W. R. Smith of the 
Ferris Industrial School. Big Rapids. Mich. The paper was 
discussed by Mr. Healey, Chas. L. Piatt, G. M. Guest. W. J. 
Durand. \. S. Dement, B. A. Farnham, Chas. M. Miller, W. R. 
Smith and others. 

The topic "Muscle and Brain as Applied to Shorthand."' 
was presented by Isaac S. Dement of Chicago. This paper 
took up the sub.iect of the movement to be used in writing 
shorthand, and was listened to by the committee from the 
Penmanship Section. The visiting committee were W. J. 
Kinsley. J. P. Fish and C. N. Crandle. The discussion of 
thi^ paper was general, and the following resolution, pre- 
sented by Mr. H. G. Healey, was adopted : 

" AV'.'JH/r'cfy, That we as an association maintain that short- 
Imnd requires a distinct movement, and that the usual 
method of teaching longhand writing is Mot conducive to 
the development of ease and facility in writing shorthand, 
but that It is diametrically opposed to the same. 

"Second, That our teachers of penmanship should teach 
shorthand writers the combined movement." 


V, December 30, 1&!)6. 

Meeting called to order by the Chair and proceeded at once 
to the programme. Mr. G. A. Hawkins of Leon, Iowa, ]>re- 
pared a paper on the subject, " Association in the Shorthand 
Profession ; Necessities for and Advantages of." Mr. Haw- 
kins was not present, but the paper was read by Mr. Isaac S. 
Dement and followed uy a very interesting discussion by 
Mr. G. M. Guest of Milwaukee. Mr. Ruetz. Mr. Durand. Mr. 
Healey, Mr. Smith. 

A motion was made by W. J, Durand that a committee of 
three be appointed to determine upon some periodical to 
represent the Shorthand Teachers' Association, to be its offi- 
cial organ, and that the committee report through all leadmg 
shorthand magazines and by mail to the different members 
of the organization as to what paper was determined upon. 
Committee appointed aj follows: H. G. Healey, Chas. M. 
Miller. W. R. Smith. 

Second paper, '" When Should the Study of Shorthand be 
Commenced y " by Dr Rudolph .Tom bo of New York, was 
read by M. J. Ruetz of Elgin. 

The discussion of this pa^er and a general discussion re- 
garding class examinations, etc.. was very, lively, and pro'jt- 
ably consumed the time until noon. 

The afternoon session opened at ^ p.m.. with Vice-Presi- 
dent in the chair. A call was given for one of the members 
to be appointed to meet with Auditmg Committee, a-jd M. J, 
Ruetz was appointed. 

The first paper. "The Educational Value of a Course in 
Shorthand." was presented by J. E. Christy < f Chicago. 
This paper was discussed by W. J. Durand, H. G. Healey. F. 
M. Van Antwerp. 

Paper, " Method in Teaching Typewriting." by Bates 
Torry of Boston, was read by Miss Hattie Cook of Cedar 
Rapids. Discussed by Mr. Healey. Mr. Durar.d, J. E. Christy 
and others. 

A motion by I. S. Dement to postpone diS' assions and read- 
ing of the nest paper until after electi(,.n of officers, etc., 
was carried. 

Motion to suspend rules and elect officers by acclamation 
was carried, and the officers wbose names ;are given else- 
where were elected. 

It was moved that the Secretary be instructed to make a 
full report of the meeting and that copies of the same be sent 
to all leading shorthand magazines and penmanship papers. 
Business Teachers' Association. 
Monday, December 28. 1890. 
Pres.. G. W. Brown, Jacksonville. 111. ; Secy.. J. E. King. 
Rochester. N. Y. 
Large, enthusiastic and representative gathering. 
Several old wheel horses present, as well as many of the 
younger members of the profession. 

The papers and discussions were highly interesting and 
profitable. The symposium was a complete success. 

The best ot good feeling and fellowship prevailed through- 
out the entire session. 

Of the feisteeu subjects on the programme all but three 
were presented and discussed. 

A list of the subjects that were presented and discussed 
follows : 

"Figures and Writing as Applied to Bookkeeping "—G. 
C. Claybaugh, Chicago. 

He favored plain, simple, strong characters ; believed 
that the teacher of bookkeeping is the proper person to 
teach writing, as he fully appreciates its bearing upon the 
books. Discussed by E. R. Felton, Cleveland. O.. and W. H. 
Sadler. Baltimore. Md. 

"How Shall We Teach Commercial Law?"— J. E.King, 
Rochester, N. Y. 

An argument in favor of teaching the subject by the class 
method, with a member of the regular faculty as the in- 
structor. It seemed to meet the approval of the members. 
Discussed by W. H. Whigham. Chicago ; W. P. Richardson, 
Baltimore ; J. A. Lyons, Chicago, and G. W. Brown. Jack- 

"Bookkeeping from the Business Man'a Standpoint "—A. 
W. Dudley. Chicago. 

A good practical talk showed that the speaker had an inti- 
mate knowledge of his subject. Many business men regarded 
bookkeeping as an expense. Speaker believed this to be a 
mistake. Discussed by G. W, Brown, Jr., Ottawa, 111.; Enos 
Spencer. Louisville. Ky.. and others. 

Tuesday, December ^9. IHflB. 
"Commercial Arithmetic "-C. A. Wessel, Big Rapids, 

Well presented and well received. Thinks that the culti- 
vation of the reasoning faculty and[the formation of habits 
of rapid and accurate calculation are the two great objects 
in teaching arithmetic. Believes that mental arithmetic 
should receive more attention in business schools. 

"Short Cuts and Expedients in Figures "-G. E. King. 
Cedar Rapids. Iowa. 

Demonstrated both by his paper and by his work on the 
board that he has given the subject much attention and that 
he is an expert at rapid calculations. Discussed by G. W. 
Brown, R. C. Spencer, C. C. Marshall, W. E. Avery. In- 
dianapolis, Ind.. and others. 
" Language and Correspondence "— N. A. Barrett. Chicago. 
This was one of the best papers presented. Showed that 
Mr. B. is a master of his subjects, and that he is an excellent 
teacher of them. Discussed at considerable length by Spen- 
cer, Brown. Ferris and others. 
" Figure Teaching "— G. W. Nettletou. Jacksonville. III. 
Good presentation of his method of teaching figures. 
Legibility and rapidity hia aim. Discussed by several of 
the members. 

" Classification of Accounts "—Enos Spencer, Louisviie, 

A valuable contribution. Showed that much thought had 
beea given to the subject and that the speaker had some 
well defined views as to the best method of classifying ac- 
counts. Discussed by Brown, J. R. Brandrup, Maukato, 
Minn. ; Felton, A. L. Gilbert. Milwaukee; Spencer. Dudley 
and others. 

" General Exercises in the Business College "—J. W. Warr, 

This was in Mr. W.'s usual thoughtful and practical vein, 
and ran in the direct line df progress. Discussed by Spencer, 
Garver. Ferris, and Brown. 
" School Management "~W. H. H. Garver, Peoria. III. 
A thoughtful, sensible paper. Mr. G. evidently conducts a 
good school. Discussion was postponed for want of time. 
Wednesday. Decembeh 30, 1896. 
Entire forenoon devoted to "A Bookkeeping Sympo- 
sium "—methods of teaching bookkeeping, theory and prac- 
tice, being a series of brief presentations by represent- 
atives of the loading publications on the theory and prjic- 
tice of bookkeeping, in which was clearly set forth the 
si-ecial or distinctive points of excellence of the several 
methods now in use among the schools. The following pub- 
lications were represented : 

The Goodyear Publishing Co.. " Office Training," by G..H. 
The Powers Publishing Co." Bookkeeping," by J. A. Lyons. 
The Ellis Publishing Co., " Business Practice," by C. C. 

The Sadler Publishing Co.. " Busineas Practice," by W. H 
Williams & Rogers, " Theory and Practice," by J. E. King. 
S. S. Packard. " Method of Teaching Bookkeeping." by G. 
W. Brown. 

The Practical Text Book Co., " Bookkeeping," by E. R. 
No discussion. 

" State Supervision of Commercial Schools "— G. M. Guest, 

A carefully prepared paper, in which the writer pointed 
out some of the defects of our present commercial educa- 
tional methods and advocated State enperviaion. Discussed 
by S. S. Packard and R. C. Spencer. 


•• What Is a Business CoUes-e J "-W. W. Ferris, Big Rapids 

A very able discussion of the question, and a attiug conclu- 
sion of the programme. 

OJIteertt for IS07. 

President. W. K. Ferris, Big Rapids, Mich. 
Vice-President, Chas. M. Miller, New York. 
Secretary, A. K. Palmer, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 
Esecutive Committee, Qt. W. Brown. Jacksouville, 111- ; A. 
W. Dudley, Chicago ; W. J. Kinsley, New York. 


President, Q. W. Harman, New Orleans, La. 
Vice-President. J. F. Fish. Louisville, Ky. 
Secretary. J. W. McCaslin, Chicaso. 
Treasurer, C. N. Crandle, Chicago. 

Executive Committee, 0. A. Faust, Chicago ; A. N. Palmer. 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa ; L W. Pierson, Chicago. 


President, Mrs. M. E. Swavze, Grand Haven, Mich, 
Vice-President. Miss Lucy Keller, Dulnth, Minn, 
Secretary, Miss L. Viola Waller, Charles City, Iowa. ^ 

Executive Committee, H. Champlin, Cincinnati, O..: C. C. 
Curtis, Minneapolis, Minn ; C. H. Peirce, Eyansville, Ind. 


President, .1. E. King, Rochester, N. Y. 
Vice-President, W. H. Whigham, Chicago. 
Secretory, W. H H. Garver, Peoria, 111. 
Executive Committee, A. C. aondring, Chicago; B. J. 
Heeb, Indianapolis, Ind. ; C. A. Wessel, Big Rapids, Mich. 


President, Isaac S. Dement, Chicago. 
Vice-President. H. G. Healey, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 
Secretary, W. J. Durand, Chicago. 

Executive Committee, W. B. Smith, Big Rapids, Mich. ; 
Charles M. Miller, New York ; Miss HattieL. Cook, Cedaar 
Rapids, Iowa. 

ii»« of Metnlmvs,. 
W. E. Avery Indianapolis, Ind B. 

D. T. Ames New York, N. Y....W. P. 

J. R. Anderson St. Louis, Mo B. 

*P. L. Bickmore Trenton, N. J B. 

G. W. Brown, Jr Ottawa, 111 B. 

J. B. Brandrup JIankato. Minn W. P. 

G. W. Brown Jacksonville. Ill B. 

E. W. Bloser Columbus, O W. P. 

G. n. Bridge Galesburg, III B. 

C. O. Bently Jacksonville, 111 S. 

C. M. Bartlett Cincinnati. O B. 

MissN. y. Blair Chicago. Ill S. 

J. H. Bachtenkircher La Fayette. Ind P. 

C. W.Benton Valporaiso, Ind B. 

W. B. Bullion Chicago, HI B. 

C. C. Curtiss Minneapolis, Winn... P. 

G. C. Claybaugh Chicago, III-. B. 

W. H. Carrier Adrian, Mich P. 

C. N. Crandle Chicago, HI W. P: 

W. P. CanBeld Stillwater, Minn W. P: 

A. L. Clair Mt. Morris, 111 B. 

Mrs. C. N. Crandle Chicago, 111 W. P. 

Fred. H. Criger Milwaukee, Wis W. P.- 

Miss Battle Cook Cedar Rapids, Ia....S. 

Katharine Cameron Chicago, 111 S. 

H. C. Clark Chicago, 111 B. 

H. Champlin Cincinnati, O P. 

J. B. Downs Hoopeston, 111 W. P: 

Isaacs. Dement Chicago, III S. 

Mrs. I. S. Dement Chicago, 111 S. 

W. J. Durand... Chicago. Ill S. 

A. W. Dudley Chicago, 111 B. 

Loava Durham Bushnell, III P. 

Miss Fannie Dickinson... Flint. Mleh P- 

Schuyler Drury Chicago, 111 B. 

M. D. Early B. 

E. C. Evarts. , Chicago, III B. 

C. S. Ellis Battle Creek, Mich..B. 

G. A. Faust Chiaago, III W, P: 

U. S. Prye Chicago, 111 B. 

Mrs. C. A. Fanst Chicago, 111 S. 

W. N. Ferris Big Rapids^ Mich — B. 

J F Fish Louisville, Ky W. P. 

R.L. Freed Aurora, III W. P. 

O. A. Ferring Willmar, Minn W. P. 

B.A. Farnham Chicago, 111 S. 

E. R. Felton Clevftland, O B. 

W. H. H. Garver Peoria, III B. 

A. L. Gilbert Milwaukee, Wis B. 

B. E. Gardner Battle Creek, Mich.. W. P; 

Burt German Fremont, O W. P. 

«J. O. Gordon Kocky River, O P. 

S. H. Goodyear Chicago, III B. 

John A. Gregg Chicago, III S. 

A. C. Gondring Chicano, 111 B. 

D. W. Hoff Chicago, III P- 

B. J. Hellin Clinton, la W. P. 

H, G. Healey Cedar Rapids, la — ,S. 

G W Harman New Orleans, La.. ..W. P.. 

b! E. Hummel Chicago, III W. P. 

W. C. Huyck Dinon, 111 W. P. 

J. L. Hayward Chicago, 111 W. P. 

E. J. Heeb Indianapolis, Ind W. P. 

W. P. Hosteller Angola, Ind W. P. 

AnnaM. Hall McConnellsville, O...P. 

W. S. Hiser Richmond, Ind P. 

•H. D. Harris Norrlstown, Pa B. 

Miss Gertrude Harvey . . . Galesburg, 111 S. 

Miss Gustava lies Indianapolis, Ind .... S. 

B. B. Jones Lexington, Ky B. 

G. E. King Cedar Rapids, la B. 

B.C.Kossel Chicago, 111 W. P; 


W. J. KiD*ley New York. N. Y W. P. 

J. E. KiDK Rochestflr. N. Y B. 

D, Kimball ChloaKO. Ill s. 

L. M. Kelchner Dixon, III W. P. 

W. H. Kol^er ChlcaRo. Ill \V P. 

C. W.Kitt ChiOBBo, lil S. 

MJss Lucy Keller Duluth. Jlmii 1'. 

J. W. Kelley Seneca. Ill ..W. P. 

J. A. Lyons Chicago, 111 

a. J. Losie «■ 

E. 8. Lawyer West Uuion. la W. P. 

A. W. Lsbli-y Chicago, 111 B. 

H. T. Loomt!* Cleveland. O B. 

Chae. M. Miller New York. N. Y S. 

P. B. Moore Indianapolis, led W. P. 

E.G. Mills Rochester, N. Y W. P. 

Carl C. Marshall Battle Creek. Mieh..B. 

.;. W. McCdSlin Chicago. Ill W. P. 

a. E. Nettloton Jaokaonville, 111 W. P. 

H. B. NorciodS Ishpemiug, Mich B. 

.J.J. N-idle Freeport, 111 B. 

H. iM.Owen Decatur, 111 B. 

S. S. Packard New York. N. Y B. 

0. M. Powers Chioago. Ill : B. 

A.N. Palmer Cedar Rapids, la.. ..W.P. 

Mrs. S. S. Prtckard New York. N. Y S. 

1. W. PiersoQ Chicago. Ill W. P. 

W. F. Parsons Kalamazoo. Mich B. 

C. H. Peirce Evanaville. Ind P. 

Miss Minnie C. Pratt Champaign. HI .S. 

H. U. Pdttersou Chicago, 111 B. 

. Ohas. K. Piatt Evanston, Hi S, 

K. F. Quintal Qalesburg. Ill B. 

T. M. Russell Cambridge City, Ind. P. 

E. B. Roudebush Chicago. Ill P 

D. A. Reawh Manistee. Mich P. 

J. W. Khoads Muncie. Ind 1*. 

M. J. Reutz Elgin. HI S. 

N. L. Richmond Kankakee. HI B. 

Mrs. P. Ritner St. Louis, Mo 9. 

•W. Guy Rosebury Ottawa. Ill P. 

Miss Rachnel Kichardaon. Elgin. Ill S. 

W. n. Sadler Baltimore. Md B. 

O. R. Stauffer Ter re Haute, Ind....B. 

W. C. Stevenson Emporia. Kans W. P. 

EuosKpenier Louisville. Ky B. 

S. L. Smith Canton, HI B. 

W. R. Smith Big Rapids, Mich.. ..8. 

•D. W. Springer Ann Arbor. Mich B. 

J. A. Stephens Chicago. HI B. 

E. C. Shelly Mt. Morris. HI B. 

R. C. Spencer ..Milwaukee. Wis B. 

T. .J. Sharp Elgin. HI W. P. 

Miss Cora Starr Crawfordsville. ind. . P. 

Mrs. M. E. SwHyze Grand Haven. Mith..P. 

L. M. Thornburgb Cedar Rapids, la W.P. 

W. W. Terry Van Wert. Ohio \V. P. 

G. W. Temple Champaign, ill W. P. 

A. D. Taylor Galveston. Texas.. ,.W. P. 

Joseph Tuma Chicago, 111 W. P. 

N. B. Van Matro Dixon, 111 W. P. 

P. iM. Van Antwerp Lonlsville, Ky S. 

M. Van Osterloo W, p. 

P. H. Vlrdou Chicago, III...'. .B. 

W. H. Whigham Chioago. HI B. 

J.J. Weber Red Wing. Minn B. 

G. E. Weaver Mt. Morris, HI W. P. 

C. A. WoUell .Sterling, 111 P. 

J. W. Warr Moline. HI B. 

C. A. Wessel Big Rapids, Mieh.. ..W. P. 

J. H. Woodruff Indianapolis, Ind P. 

Miss L.Viola Waller Charles City, la P. 

C. H. Wager Elgin. HI W. P. 

Miss Jessie Wheeler Sandnskj-. O s. 

*L'. P. Zaner Columbus. O p. 

,v^^;-^-' ^^^®tP^" Penmen's Association ; P.. Public School 
VVntiugHud Drawing Atsouiation : B.. Business Teachers" 
Associatiou; .s.. Shorthand Teachers' Association. * Not 
present, but remitted dues. u^mMuu. inoc 

Convunitott .Vor«*. 

— The weather was mild and spring like ; no snow and 
scarcely a sprinkle of rain. 

— The shortbivnd section was quite a surprise asthiiwas 
!»ractically its first yonr. The attendance was large 

-A meeting of the former students of the Cedar Rapids 
B. C. was held at the Clifton House Moudsy eveniuL' De- 
cember mh. The meeting was notable for the attendance 
of old members. iMen who have been in the harness twenty 
or thirty years or more were numerous. 

— Althohgh the Executive Committee did everything in 

their power they were nnabla to secure reduced railroad 
rates, as not enough members asked for the required certifi- 
cates when purchasing tickets to Chicago. It is hoped that 
nest year all will ask the ticket agent for these certiflcntes. 
so tbat the on«-third rate for the homeward trip may be 

—It was much commented on how carefnllvnapers had 
been prepared. Few apologies were offered, and the papers 
snowed thought. 

— Chairman O. M. Powers ot the Executive Committee 
deserves special credit for the complete arrangements and 
(or his tboughtfulness in taking care of the guests. 

~ There were a few teachers of the Chicago schools in at- 
tendance, but It was noticed here, as at other points where the 
meetings have been held, that there was almost a total lack 
of interest by the public school teachers. If the public school 
teachers are half as anxious as many of them would have us 
believe, why don't they attend these meetings when they are 
held at their verv doors t 

— The papers and addresses by those outsiders who were 
not memberg of the Convention were greatly enjoyed by all. 
and proved another evidence of the care with which the pro- 
gramme was prepared. 

— The Public School Writing and Drawing Association 
will have a woman's administration the coming year. All 
officers are of the gentler ses. 

— Geo. W. Brown of Jacksonville never allows interest to 
lag in any convention he attends. He is alwavs ready to 
jump into the breach, and he kept things on the move this 

— The Journal is under obligation to J. E, King, D. W. 
Hoff. Miss Hattie Cook and Chas. M. Miller ior notes of the 
proceedings of the various sessions. 

— J. W. McCaslin, penman of the Metropolitan B. C, sur- 
prised the boys by introducing many of them to Mrs. Mc- 
Caslin. He was married during the summer vacation, but 
did not announce it. 

— The quartet of " Old Young Boys," S. S. Packard. Robt. 
Spencer, E. K. Felton and W. H. Sadler, created much mer- 
riment by trying to have it appear that they were as young 
as the youngest. Although The Journal's editor was con- 
ductinti a business college years before one of the quartet 
at least had taken his commercial course, he (The Jour- 
nal editor) was counted one of the " young " boys. 

— The JouRNAL'man heard rumors of meetings of the 
ComoQercial Test Bo^k Publishers at which plans were 
formulated for a system of securing the financial ratings cf 
various schools, uniform system of discounts and other mat- 
ters of mutual beueflt. 

— All left Chicago in a very enthusiastic mood over the 
prospects for the 1897 meeting. 

— The Journal man had the pleasure of inspecting the 
new quarters of the Chicago B, C, where the next meeting 
of the Federation will be held. The school occupies four 
floors of the new building, and these floors are handsomely 
equipped withevery necessary appliance. Jlessrs. Gondring, 
Virden and Faust will see that the Federation is givon a 
rousing welcome in lb97. 

— The exhibits were particularly fine. Scores of business 
colleges and public schools exhibited work of pupils, and this 
wort by far the best that has ever been shown at any 
similar gathering. When the teacher can back up his theo- 
ries by sho(ving what these theories hav« accomplished 
AVhen put in practice, it is a strong argument. 

— The exhibits of typewriters, school supplies, artists' 
materials, etc.. was a large one. All of the typewriters ex- 
hibited had operators and people in charge to explain the 
workings of the machines. 

— The commercial school book publishers made a particu- 
larly good exhibit, and this, togetder with the explanations 
of the various systems made before the Business Teachers' 
Association, was a splendid advertisement for them. 

— The list of names of members printed elsewhere repre- 
sents only those who paid their membership fees and regu- 
larly joined the Federation. There were probably over three 
hundred persons who attended the meetings of the four as- 
sociations. Treasurer C. A. Faust. 45 E. Randolph street, Chi- 
cago, would like to have the names and addresses of any who 
joined the Federation and pa'd the membership fee whose 
names are not included in this list. 

"What Hammond Says AViont Castronographv " is a 
tvelve-pnge booklet sent out by L. W. Hammond. "Batavia 
N Y , advertising bis knife carving on card and incident- 
ally his pea work. Journal readers should send for it. 

R. C. Hartranft of Philadelphia sends The Journal a 
clipping from a Philadelphia paper giving an account of a 
will case in which the X mark signature was proven to be a 
forgery on the testimony ot Mr. Hartranft, who does txperc 
work in handwriting. 

Assuming the number of diflferent coutributoi-s of specimens of Business Writing 

Crowded Out. 

Lassona by F. B. Moore, F. W. Tamblyn, and 
many interesting articles are crowded out of this 


A Year*s Records Relating to Business 

The Western Penman, Cedar Rapids, joyfully an- 
nounces that it published in a particular issue *'848 
sciuare inches of lessons in penmanship*" thus materially 
exceeding the number of " square inches of lessons in 
penmanship " published in any other paper for the same 

We don't know anj'thing that will better convey to an 
intelligent mind the radical and irreconcilable difference 
between the Cedar Rapids idea and that which shapes 
the policy of The Penman*s Art Journal. We imagine 
our astute contemporary instructing his helpers : " Deai- 
Jones— Give us 3U square inches of lesson for Novem- 
ber;" "Dear Smith— Your October lesson was 99}^ 
square inches short, so we had to chuck in a lot of odd 
cuts, which you will recall having appeared in various 
lessons periodically during the past s'xyears," etc. The 
Journal's instructions are precisely opposite. They 
are to condense, boil down, carve out every unnecessary 
word and line— to occupy the least possible space con- 
sistent with the clear, forceful preseutatioa of the sub- 
ject. As to how many ' ' square inches of lessons, ' ' or how 
many different concurrent lessons covering the same 
ground, a student is supposed to have the capacity for 
masticating and assimilatirgs, The Journal hasn't the 
least notion. It's idea, right or wrong, is that the aver- 
age student will be best served by one series of lessons at 
a time oa a given subject, constructed iu utter disregard 
of thumb-rule, square or compass. It believes that in 
connection with th s series the greatest benefit may be 
had by eliciting the opinions of teachers on one or an- 
other of the points pertaining to the sLib;)ect in hand, 
thus bringing a strong light of theory aud practice to 
bear upon each component part of thi structure that is 
being erected in the student's mind. Its idea is that this 
stimulates the s'.udeat's thinking powers without the 
confusion incident to following two or more sets of con- 
nected instruction on the same subject. The shorter such 
contributions aud the more of them, within reason, the 
better. The idea is practically the same as that carried 
out at our conventions, when one member devotes half 
an hour to a carefully prepared paper on a given subject, 
and another half hour is given to a general discussion, 
each participant having a few minutes m which to ex- 
ploit his views on a particular phase of the matter that 
appeals to him. 

Of course, it all depends on the point of view whether 
this or the " square inch" method is preferable. There 
is no law that we know of against gauging the value of 
instruction by a foot rule, any more than there is against 
appraising a preacher's salary by the length of his ser- 
mons. Possibly that is the custom in (Jedur Rapids. 

Moreover, The Jourxal confesses to some difficulty in 
getting from its contemporary a clear view of just what 
features of instruction are worthy of the square-inch 
treatment as '• lessons." Any contribution, in word or 
picture, that tells a student anything that he should 
kuoiv, or helps him to get rid of anything that he should 
not know, in The Journal's opinion, is a "lesson," 
whether so labeled or not— no matter it it fall withiu a 
paltry half-foot of the Uedar Rapids yard-stick. 

If we were called upon to make a comparative exhibit 
of the Business Writing features of the Western Penman 
aud The Penman's Art Journal respectively, we know 
of no fairer way than to make it include the entire year 
just p-ist (instead of oue picked issue) ; aud this is aiout 
the shape it would take : 


■ing ISOtJ to be 


Qted by 

til.- Wcstrrn l\„man dunn.^^ the same perio.l would W i eprPsent.".! by this liue- 

ALlli.H.toulaivinleUn.'^ '^ ih. number of cuutnbutors ,.f illustrated articles on Business Writing-excluding illustrations without text-THF 

rdfm''llit.!nnisu!is'(a\'- ''*' ""^■' ^^''^ ^" ^'^^^ "1' ^''*' relative number of differeuc contributors of uuiUustrated articles on Business Writing. The Journal's 

and t he Wes tern Fenman^s record for the same year runs this fai- 

„iiui.. t ^' ^.v:;'^'!^ ludlces lucloslng the TTestcm Penman's linp dn nnf r.*.iM,t 
l.llM»...uts m thl« dlrootlou slrnn uot evade the uua^"8"eaVn"an1S- "sight 



EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Smithdeal's Practical Grammar. and Let- 
ter-Writer. By G. H. SQiithcJeal. For use in busi- 
ness colleges, academies, public and private schools. 
Cloth. 2:i0 pages. Price. 75 cents. Introductory price, 
60 cents. Introductory price of each part bound sepa- 
rately, 25 cents. Published by B. F. Johnson Publish- 
ing Co., ;i-5 South nth St.. Richmond, Va. 

One hundred and four pages of the book are devoted to 
grammar, treating of words frequently used incorrectly, 
with rules for capitalization and puoctuat'on. The idea 
has been to eliminate techn'calities and to make the sub- 
ject aa simple and attractive as possible and as brief as is 
consistent with thoroughness. Everything of practical 
importance is treated in the work, and it is condensed 
into as small space as possible. Spelling covers 53 pages, 
embracmg nearly 5,000 words, which were selected with 
great care. About oue-half of the words are defined. 
Words used not only in business, but in all the depart- 
ments of life, that are liable to bemisspplled are mcluded. 
The rules for spelling are also given. The letter writing 
part embraces OS pages. A large number of model forms 
are given, showing the learner how to begin and end let- 
ters and to fold and insert them in envelopes, etc. In 
addition there is a full list ot business forms, with instruc- 
tions for writing them. The book is decidedly practical 
in all three departments, and is particularly adapted to 
the wants of commercial schools and commercial depart- 

Drai:ohon's Manual of Rapid Business Writing. 

Paper, :^^) pages. Price, $1. Published by J. F. 

Draughon, Nashville, Tenn. 

We have reviewed this before when it appeared in 
other form?. The style given is rapid, coarse pen busi- 
ness hand, and here and there for variety some few lines 
of shaded ornamental writing. The instructions are 
brief, the business writing good. 

Business Practice ; or. How Business Is Done. 

Cloth, 70 pages. Published by 0. M. Powers, Chicago, 

III. Price, $1. 

Mr. J. A. Lyons, for many years connected with the 
Metropolitan Business College, Chicago, 111., has seen the 
need of a work that would give the student some idea of 
how many things in tbe business world (that cannot tiod 
their way into the ordinary book keeping text books) are 
done. This work breaks away from the usual instruction 
along the line of book-keeping, and deals with transac- 
tions of business itself. Various kinds of business papers 
are illustrated and explained. Instructions about bank- 
ing are given in detail. How to drawcbecks, keep stubs, 
how to deposit, indorsements, collateral notes, judgment 
notes, how collections are made by draft, how to remit 
money, various kinds of hanks, trust companies; etc , are 
explained, the different kinds of money, how to detect 
counterfeit money, exchange, foreign exchange, clearing 
house, express companies and express money orders, post 
office and postal money orders, registered letters, rail- 
road and transportation filing of correspondence, com- 
mercial agencies corporations, stock exchanges, boards 
ot trade, insurance, etc. This mere outline of the con- 
tents of the book will give an idea of the work covered 
and bow valuable it is. It i* just such a work as every 
commercial college student should have at his elbow while 
pursuing the course, and is no less valuable tor business 
mtu as a reference book. 

Dement's Pitmanic Shorthand. By Isaac S. Dement. 
Third edition. Revised and re-engraved throughout. 
Cloth, -264 pages. Price, §2. Published by Isaac S. De- 
ment, Chicago, 111. 

That Mr. Demeut is capable of practicing what he 
preaches is shown I y the fact that repeatedly he has 
written as high as yoO to 400 words per minute in the 
style of phorthand advocated in his book. The system 
of shorthand presented is an adaptation of the one 
given' to the world by Sir Isaac Pitman. Mr. Dement 
believes that the system of shorthand that will meet all 
demands should be one so constructed that ihe enlarging 
and shattering of outlines which result when a writer is 
pushed to his limit of speed will not destroy the legibility 
of the notes. Therefore, outlines or phrases which de- 
pend entirely upon length should be avoided. With this 
jvs his foundation principle he has built his system. Mr. 
Dement further believes in but one style for beginning 
and advanced students. Consequently he.'doesn't change 
any of the characteni after having once launched a stu- 
dent on them. Part 1 of the book, lOS pages, is devoted 
to theory, which in turn is divided up into three grades 
of lessons Part 2 is devoted to i)raciice, including 
nomenclature, word sigus, terms, phrases and names. 
A particularly valuable part of the book is the chapter 
" Points to Students." In this Mr. Dement gives the 
shorthand student some most excellent advice. Among 
other things is a carefully selected list of good books to 
bw read and written by the student who hopes to make a 
success of higher shorthand writing. 
Advanced Drills on Graham Shorthand. By (ieo. A. 
Jones. Prin. Shorthand and Typewriting Depnrtnient, 
Dranghon's Practical B. C, Xashville, Tenn. Cloth, 
113 pages. Published by J. F. Draughon, Nashville, 

This book, as its name indirates, is not intended for be- 
ginners. It is meant to benefit those who are able to take 
general di tatioo. The main feature of the book is to 
apply, without formally introducing them, principles 
with which the student is suppased to be conver>ant. 


THE Testimonial Banquet to S. S. Pack-, 
ARD ON His 7(iTH Birthday, Given by his Friends, 
Apr. 2S, 1S9(). 

This, in pamphlet form, is a complete account of the 
banquet given to Mr. Packard on his 70th birthday by his 

friends, together with the speeches made, names of con- 
tributors, names of those present on the occasion, also 
cuts showing cup, log cabin, etc The first printing of 
this book was something of a failure, and another and 
handsomer volume will soon be ready, when all subscrib- 
ers will receive complimentary copies. 

He who loves to read and knows how to 
laid by a perpetual feast for his old age. 

Business Education, pnbli-herl by .T. W. Warr, Moline, 
111., has been succeeded bv The Prnctical Af/c. As the name 
indicates, tbe new Deriodvcal will bave a wider fielil. Tbe 
first issues make a good sbowing. 

P. W. Tamblyn. msiuager of tbe National Penmanship 
Co , 7Ui Olive St., St. Louis. Mo., bas issued a. neat catalcKue 
descrlbiner courses of instruction by mad and tbe various 
styles of pen work turned out by the company. It also has 
price list of artists' supplies. 


NOT A CENT until 

Tied, and a child can 

twith 5 minutes' attention a day. We 


m win vox, for a steady customer if you will only 
Our large cataloi^ue 'will 
you 6 cents and give you $ 
tlcal Information on poult: 

.26. n:b.- 

ntcreslcd in poultrj 
Du "The Bicycli 
book of .80 subject! 
JS to any bicycle nder. 


and give you $100 worth of prac- 

^ation on poultry and incu' "" 

the money there is in theJ>UE 

Care and Repair," a 

LIN ir 

Sll. I>e 




■ lis,. ,n,<l / Ih. ■; I, I. ,.'!., I l.tlr.;, I V II . A'O. 04^ 

1,11 Ml- th^ir r>n,,(h.'i -Ml.-, uni.i-raimulfall tobi 

file Esieiiioi sii Pen Co. 

26 John St., New York. 






ESS Journal into immeiiiate prominence. If you like 
tbe paper, you probibly will want to renew at the rejrular subscription price of 50 t-cnts a year. 
W3 also {five you choice of tbe fuHotving: special offers: 

inOK; ONE DOI_illiAI?/ 

s subscription for Thk Bi:siness JouRNAL.jiIso a year'ssub' 

; is our way of pushing The Bir 
er. you probibly will 
also {five you choice < 

^gg^^^^*^ scrlptlonfo 

X please* 

vy gold plate on Qermau 

McClur^-sov kMn»e\]'s niiig.izlnes, sent toauy addre, 

a -MP-w'^ «iiih*f>ihitinii fur Trir Ra^iM --■ I"' kn u Jiml deliver free a beautiful 
u/slfown I,; Km in left Th. ,.,., M SK. L>iiy nmde for us In large ^lUdnti- 

ties. It is .solid 14-karat L-old. fxecpt the stick [.ait, 

silver. Any jeweler would charge $2.50 for it. 


We will give a year's subscription for The Eusini 
Journal and deliver frre a gross of the best offlcu pt 
made— flne. medium, coarse orstub. 

FOR* doi_iIjAk.s 

We will give vou a ycttr's subscrlptloi 
.TouRXAL and del'ver fr<o the c-elebrat 
loaded for 2o pictures. This Is no . 
camera capable of doing fine work, 

EOK, F-oXJR. IDOXj31j-A.R,S 

) of 1 


ng betti 


We will give vou a year's subscrlpilcn for Thf, B' 

iprlcpS4)an.l anutwoct the folio 

Gold Stick pin 

Icles Lit 

Ml Pel 
J), which ( 

Orders must be accompanied by remittance in full. (S'amps taken.) Goods will be promptly 
sent. These special offers are for the present only. Be Wise To-day. 

THB BUSINESS JOURyAX,, 202 Broatlway, New York. 





leo^Bua'iness Cotlese C6^ 

■RasbrfUc. Zcnn. 

Guarantee PoslUon. Acpppl nrlo'? fnrfilitinn, orain de- 

|m3it ujoQi-; \u i^uLiiii ].osLtiua issecurt^d. Carfare paid. 



fixlnrecd hy BnaUern, Morchftnia, and others. Bookkeep- 
dig. P<-nman8lHp, Hliorlhand. Tyitewriting, Tclegnipliy, 

when). Novncfttioii. Eater any time. BonitlfflO. Toordor 
' ' " urly ie next betit tliiug to entering our 

( Mention t 

Schools. Wril« I 



:. PeaL-htrecSt,, 


HUpply. Catatogui 

free. 11. A. BHUBECK, Prlnc-lpal. 

JiIt>. fihnrtliiuul, TypewrH 

Telctfvaphv, Riig- 
imeouire. Terms of tuition 
cattilOKlie. M. A. MERRILL 


Loul8vllle, Ky. 

^—^J' BUSINESS COLLEGE- ] n,.k»ill. 



A. D. WILT. I'rcafdeill. Lung i — 



■Hew l?orI?. 


mi Suulli xth M.. Brooklyn. N. Y. CntaloKucs 
trf<'.)iiu|.plknll..ii. |..rsolinll)-orl))leIler. HESRV 
C. WllIUHT. ITIuiiuuL 

wego. N. Y. l3ood positions secured all ahoi-t- 
hand puiillB wh(>n competent. Book-kceplny and 
. „_ "Tjunis/i tauKht 
ri. All theae 
sh shorthand 

8le. N, Y. All Iti^ntiitloii (It wide reputation, re- 
ceiving a .Y(i«onn/ palronaKe. 


Outnliiiiiie trce.CARRINGTON UAINES. Prealdent' 



Cisco. For 30 years tliB largest private school west 
b' S'*'^'"'^"' 12.00(1 former imptls now prosperous 


THOROUGH COURSES In Business. Shorthand 

and Tyoewrltlne. EuRllsh Tralnlny. Normal Train- 
iJ',lf..^."..,'.'l'""""'*'''L'- -Address ROCKFOKD BUSI- 
NE.SS COLLEtJE, 103 S, Main St.. liockford, Illinois. 



Academy, shorthand. TypewrltlngandTelcaraph 
InsMlute. Bend for catalogue. Sau Antonio, 


CATALOQUES of The Capital Citv Commercial 

to|cKeaiidtlieCnpltal ruv N. 

will Tie sent free to IiuhmII], - 
MEHAN & McCAnLEY.Ii... 'm,.:: 



,, „'^,"m''V '■'■',■?■■,''' """ ""■ "•■•■■*■'■ ''"' no other 
w ord w 111 lU-scrlbe It because It Is HONEST. 



'"•"-' ■ Tyiiewrltlng. Penmanship. Telegraphy 

Pensacola. Florida 


tilece. 30c. per copj-. 2 copies. 50c. Adtli 





ROBINSON & JOHNSON. Belleville. Ontario, I 


W. H. SHAW. Principal. C<-ntrat Business Col- 
ti-gp. Stratford. Ont.. W. .1. ELLIOTT. Principal. 
Two great Canadian schools, well-known through- 
out the Dominion for superior work. 


Mcpherson, Kansas. 

Lossnns by niall. Sample artistic writing— poetry. 25c. 
Siiniplf qt. of my famous Que flowing Ink, prepaid, 
25c. A plioto engraved pen study 14 x 17 Incnes.SOc. 
"" -. -- ^- 11 for ftfteen 2 cent stamps. 

opper-plate cip- 

A. B. CUSHriAN, The "Auto" Klnir. at Hum- 

h-lilt. Kan . will s.'iLil lu .■inv .I'l.hvss PhOto-En- 

-1 ■•■■■A --■,■■ ■|M,,-n- ,,;■ liN 1 [11 it.':i -kMl In "Auto" 

I" MIX III. ill. I I.I' - n i.r.- I ml ili'scrlption or. 

. \ ,iu' supplies. 

' ■ ■ -■ '■ '' '■!■■'■ Auto" Copy 

i li; ■"■" - ii,.;i,^,i._, n.'siKoinfr, etc. 

W. B. DBNNIS. 357 Hulton 3l., Brooklyn. N. V., 

Engrosser and Desiyiior. 

WHAT Hammond says about CastronoKraphy. 

A 12 page booklet wltU beautiful specimen of 
knife work sent for 10c. Best blank cards. Lowe 


,. N. Y. 

nples fn 

utiful spec 
blank cards 

THB best Ink made. Oet sample pint 

■ post-paid 

PACKAGE DYE CO,, Massena, N. Y. 

D. S. HILL, Penman. Draughon's Bus. Coll., 

.Tenn., beauilful flourish lO cents, caps, 
and fancy 10 cents, mall course 83 00, 

All kinds of order v 

lessons lu free hand drawing, S4..>0 


flourish, 35 cts.; the finest of card writi 
do?,., l,*^ cts.; caps. 10 cts. Designs of all 
made for engraving. 

MISS ELLA B. CALKINS, Pen Artist. Orove- 

!aud. Iowa. 12 cards. 20. 23c.; specimens, 16. 25c 
ribbon bookmark, 25c.; 12 lessons by mall, §2.50, 

Iful piece of Pen Work 

n penmanship by mall Z'i. 
P. B. S. PETERS, Storm Lake, Iowa, does 

.. ,_._ J _ _ , ppy^ork. One doz. assorted pens, ; 
lie. Excelsior oblique holder, two 

all kinds of t 


psa JNO. F. SIPLE, care Bartlett's Bl's". Col. 
nnatl. O. 

HiSER, Writing Supervisor Public 


;s and Commence- 

Vff" THE USE OF CUTS on this page or anu 
acpartur9 from the general style of display uHl 

coat 50 per cent extra. 

B, L. QLICK, New England Bus. Unl., Lowell 

Mass. 1 doz.Sinnatures. on cardi*— something eh 

gaiVt,30c.:Bu'ihu'SsCiinltftl>.-,iUL-.:F!<nirl.-ilu-.l ^wa. 

-..,, adjusted, 
Half stick, 8UC 


I. one-half In advi 

s In Writing for only Ten 

flon to thousands. LEARN TO WRITE YOTIR 
NAME. Send me your name, written In full, and 
25 cents, and I mil send you one dozen or more 
ways of writing It, V " 

exercises, capitals, 

erly adjusted, 
" ^' tick. 3oe. I 


, M. JONt 

unique :> 

'Mant" ms. 

ing such aeaied replies in an envelope addremed to 
The Pefiman's An Journal, so^ Broadway, New 
York. Pontage must be sent for forvxi/rdina Cata- 
loffues, Netvitpaperg, Photoi/rap}is, &c . 

Situations TBHanteC). 

rpuEPENniAN's \RTJOi K^Al,Tl^^^ll- 
mercinl. HUd hlioitlnind inid i m>< ^t i ii i ml- 

meiit to Heiect eood teachers tor sood Mchool__ 
Small fee is chai'ured the teacher : no charue 
is made to the scliool. Iteliahle schools seek- 
iUB teachern. and well fiiialilied, rcliabi* 
tencherM seekiutr places are ^ranted for oiii 
lislH. No olherN need niM>ly< Address L*EN< 
REAlf. 'iO'i Broadway. New York. 
Y'O*'^*" ^* ^^ wlioatti-nde.l publlf.^fhoois. Z;in 

engiiuriii. :h ■ '. ■■ ',.■■: 1.. ■ -li ., ■ I , ,■ ,1. ., . 


Href era Western States, 

height 6 ft. 10 in.; 

" Sta 

O E L., 

VOFN^i M\S nunilL.i sMii, !■■ ■ I'. 

newspaper work, reporting, etc. Age^4: weit;lit i]"; 
lielght a ft. y In.; married Good rtlercnccs, low 
salary. Ready now. Address "R. O. O,," care Pen- 
MiN's Art Joi'BJiAL. 

TEACHER of pen,, b.-.k-kc-p . coui'l law. gram.. 
com'I. arlTli rnid nil '"nimnn branohesls openfor 
.... mown. Pa., " — 

Has had four 

hall's book-keep, 
ightaft. 91n ; un^ 
arrled, StroiiK rcfcrcnLc-^; moderate salary; ready 

any time. Address 'Z. E. W.." care F 


, Pa., Nor., 

-mal ;i'i.i Has hi ' ■ 


lOd health; i»','f -.'I ^^.,-lH i -" li.-ight ft ft. 91n 

■ate salary; 

time. Address "Z. E. W.," care Penman' 

capable of 

nif In addition Kim- His , 1)1, ■ ■ ■ 


handling in addition Eii«. His , pbyslol.. phllos 

Tlth ^ 


and Practical t 

salary. "'Address '■■ S. A.' '5l , 

health; age 33; weight 143; height 5 ft. 6 In.: 
married. Strong references. Wants mode "* - 
Ready any time. Address "FRANKLIN,' 


K-IV Ki;i'. .iii'l I: ink .!■.■ 




married. Strong refei 


position li! II 
Is a graduate 1-1 / 
has had 10 yrs ' - 

Want fair salar; 

It. Ready on reasonable notice. 


riEACHER of 10 yrs,' 
L nub. school, with 15 y 
i open for < 

book -keep., pen. 

?xerience la bus. coll. and 
•«.' experience as practical 

low salary. Address "IAN," 

TEACHER- of pen. and dri 
rfence as teacher in public 

Shorthand. Famili 
:'tiool, academic u 

keep., law, pen., 

rlence will be ready 

salary. Addre.-is * t AK. caie 1''I'..s,m.\.n •- .^ i> i 

rEACHER of 20 yrs.' experience In public «ii.| 
private schools, whose specialties are inn . 
'rayon, work and oom'l branches, Is open lur- 
eugagement on 90 days' notice. In addition lo 

-lies mentioned he can teach English, algebra, 

lelry, and other higher branches. Age iO\ weight 

tleacbers TOflanteB. 


' iiniuuabip. ('»ni. 
and Ijpcwrilinn 
cbersaiid .^cbiiol.^ 

nicrcinl, nnil sliortlmnil and IJ PC 
branches only. It briuasteacbersaiia 
logetber. A InrKC acquRiutttuce iiiiiunu 
ecEools and tencbms enables tlie innnnBc- 
nieut to select jeood teacbersloricood schools. 
Small fee is cliarffed the teacher : no clinrpe 
is made to the school, lleliab^e schools seeU- 
iuK teachersj and well nualilied. reliable 



■al) of good 

itllned In our 
■Ciraham" or 
I win require 



EnroU to-day— good 

roil to-day— Kood 



Pa. Bus. Unl.. Chester. Pa., Sept. 15, ISO . 
Penman's Art Journal Teachkrs' Bureau, 


Sept. 17. IHflf) 

.uu^.vi^^u 1^.^....%. ...... --r, allon n 

plication blank. Respectfully 

Enclosed^ please find registration fee and filled ap 

Serit. 23, 1890. 
I have accepted a^^osltlon with Williams Coll. of 


,, Sunbury, Pa. Yours truly. 



A Tale lu Two Chapters. 

Chapter I. 
Penman's Art Journal Teachers' Buheau. 

have contracted with Prof, A. K. Kl|>. Napa, i 

next school year li. i-n l1l^ indebted lo . . 
furnishing mc \M' n f feel sure that 

Just til. . ' iil; ( 

good.'-ili \ rikliigyou tor t 

It pleases me to inform you that I 
with Prof, A. K. Kip. Napa. Cal., for 
school year li.-.i-n ii^ indebted I 
8hlngm«\M' I ffeelsu^ _ 

Prof. Kip is Just til. iil; for. I shall 

pay him a gc 
service rendered. I 1 

E. H. MORSE, I'lop. Hartford, Conn., Bus. Coll. 
Chapter II. 

Penman's Art .ToriiN-VL Teachers' Bubeau. 

hi ,, -11^ Ih.^. I . [tcti a position with E. H. 

\1 , ■ ii ; ' II , lius. Coll. Will comply 

u , I . 11 tract I joined another 


B! KKM . i<l.i lt^..l,d^^..y. N. Y. 

Weha\. II _ I ..and this num- 

berwllli'. I iif next 30 days, 

i-n .lt^>^ in- jm.t s im m.'i iikhuiim. iiiid I'rom March iBl 
1 1. '. It 1st covers the busiest period of the year In 

(I During the past six mouths we have hari 

II .lis for teachers than we had teachers to All 

1 1,. [In..-;, Thoroughly well prepared teachers are 


For Commercial School Book 1 
For New York Commercial School. 



Invest Bond given for investment and good salary 


Two for Pa. school. One for Ohio school. One for 
Pa. school. One for Southern school. 


ECLECTIC.-Ohio, com'I also: N. Y.. ko^-^ 
opening; No. D., Teacher to take 1 

(;RAIIAM.-MU1i.. Lady ; jlIasH.i Wis.. 

Laily; Tfun., also telegraphy; Pa.j Va , 3. Pn.. 
al»to ftrlth.. Krain. and com'l work If necessary ; Ciu. i 
Ph. I alfio pen., Vn. 


IT. V'l? "rtim.'VcIal' a.'.Ii 'sh'..ri 
class teaclier miuu pivferred 

1 N. v.. male 
. and com'l aUo : 
uim Pitman short 

Huns., uen.. 
-iL ; Ind.. fifiort. 
^^ ritlngund arith; 

onie non-posftlon 
itlnsBi ; Dement or 

11 1'NSON.-lud., also pen. 


Pa.. all-n>iiiM 
v., teuchcr or 
com'l and pen. 
111., pen. und < 


Ahorcliand tuition In part p^ 
dept. N.V., all-round com'l. Kous., per 
■ ft. Wis., com'l. Knu9., pen. and c 
I'l. Pa., EnKllah and - 

ho will take 
Pn., prlu. bus. 

short. Wis., 
com'l. Pi - 
Pa., EuK. 

comM nil. I I" r 


Eng. and 1..1,. ( 
book, ami »hon 
theory, 1>U8. n 

onia':pi.ii. Pn., 


1 pen. 
I. it.. I 

plain and 
piln.^ ^. 

ii.ri N .1., 


Information about t 

vacancies will be ! 

JSustness ©pportunittes. 

and teachers 

. The JorRSAL's w 
umns will put you In communication wit 
Possibly you have a pen. Ink, penholder or sc 
of tbe kind to put on the market. You ma 
partner for some business enterprise, etc. Tl 
column to put you In communication with I 

The price fs.S*2.50 eacli insertion to 

eed one iucli. If two insert 
be unid tor in ndvnnce (S.*}) the ndvertiser 
will be entitled to a third inacrtioo free, il 


iOR WALK.— The good will and plates of a well 
■" - -■ -->tof writing lessons. 

advertised and widely 

lonal reputation. Redsou for 

Copper plate engravlne ; thousands < 

celling : conflicts with present buslu 
200d thing for a hustling advertiser. 



Scbool0 3for S^le. 

OOD OPENING.~A good opening tor a busl- 

s educator havl 

?-half Interest i 

\ thoroughly equipped and well advi 

Excellent location 

FOlt s \ 1,K. -School of 

it Mil. I l.iiu'lMi. ifs.^ than 100 i 

Address •• COLLEGE," 

FOR SALE.— A good normal and commercial 
school In good locality. Enrollment last year z37. 
Good building, ample apparatus. Present owner has 
other business Interests which demand his attention. 
Address " FOR SALE." care Pesuan's Art Journal, 

newly f urnlshet 
facturing cltv of :i5,0 
tary towns o? 40,000 

Part cash and balance on time, or liberal dti 
cash In full. An excellent opportunity 
date business college men. Good reasoi 
AddresE -NEW ENGLAND," care P 

'Ing first-class £ 
id equipped, In the best mi 
In New England, with tr 
re connected by electric c 


e management. The o 

. _„ , of the -" - 

Commercial shorthand i 

school in the largest city of 

o....„ ,-. — imerclal shorthai ^_ 

Thoroughly equipped. Expenses low. 

I advertised and l 

Perfect climate. 0\ 
of educational 

, straight business prln- 

dress" IN VOICE,' 

3for Sale or Ura&e, 


upplles, or anything that ; 

kind that it Is possible to find. Y 
dead property on hand that vou 
money, or to trade for somethiug ■ 
ad. and see how It works. 

interested In things of this 

be paid for 

I be entitled to a third i 

Gems of Penmanship " 

^ (S3) the ndv 

ditlon. Price SO. 

FOR SA LE.— Copies for sale. 
pen-ioritten copies including t 
Itals and Ornamental Capitals i 
learners, which I will mall, tjoatage 
C. C. LISTER. 2438 Crystal Ave., Bal 

Scbool ffurnlture anC) Supplies 
ffor Sale or Bjcbanoe. 

The price in S-J.-'JO ench insertion fornds. 
one inch. If two inHertioun 
ndvnnce (Si.?) the advertiser 

*v1l^*be entitled 

A RE VOU putting 1 

■ furniture, and would 

— -.- ^-.— old furniture? Are 

you changing text-books, and would you like to sell 
your second-hand books? Would you like to buy or 
trade for some second-hand furniture or books ? 
Changes are going on all the time, and the books, fur- 
niture, typewriters or supplies that you dispense with 
may be lust what another school would like. They 
may trade you something you need for them, or may 
pay cash. An adv't in Tue JonRNAL's want col- 
umns may save you hundreds of dollars. The Journal 
completely covers the field. If there Is any one who 
wants to buy or sell school furniture, supplies, etc.. an 


T'OR SALE.— One new Odell Typewriter, »1«, 

cost $20 and has never been used. Also one new 

all Typewriter. »l8,co8t $40 and has never beou 

*ed. -TYPEWkiTEU," care Pesman's Art Journal. 


Result of 21 years' experience. 
One Dollar per Gross or Ten Cent.s per Dozen. SenJ 
or a Jvial Oiftcr To-dau! Address, 
.'. M. C. A. Bldg. E. H. ROBINS. Wichita, Kan. 

Business College 

3IS1032I ^hirjIffA OPPOSITE. 

•Lan^est- Oldest'' Best- 



Most LuxURiousiy Furnished SCHOOL'.' America 


seicuREO enr sivdeni» 

Business nrms Supplied witti Help 


,.Send for Catalogu 


Wp have over four thousand vacancies for teachers ejch season— seven 
members. We must have more members. Several plans : two plans give free registration ; one plan GUAR- 
ANTEES a satisfactory podtlon for the coming Fall. Ten cents, silver or stamps (the regular price is 2J cts. ). 
pay* for a lOC-page book, explaining the different plans, and containing a complete SSOO.flO Prize Story, a 
true and charming love story of College days. No charge 10 employers for reeommendlng teachers. Address 
BET. DR. 0. M. SUTTON, A, M., Tres't and Han»ger, Southern Tencliers' Bureau, Louisville* K>. 





Medal and Diploma at World's Fair. 
Gold Medal and Diploma of 
Honor at Atlanta Exposition. 


Has a complete alphabet for each hand. Continuously prints two letters of a word the 
same instant and as quickly as one letter can be printed on other writing machines. Re- 
sponds with perfect work to a speed of twenty letters per second. 

Double Speed Double Durabilty easiest to learn and op erate. 


Universal Kev- Hoard. 

Very Prompt and E.isy Action. 

A Powerful Manifolder 

Specially adapted to Telegraph and 
General Office Work, where the greater 
Speed of the Duplex is not required, 
A delightful machine to operate. 
Write for Circulars. 



eneral Agents Wanted. DgS MOINES, IOWA. 


NinS & SHONE, 

399 Broadway. 

Eagle Compass and Divider No. 569. 

For arcliitects, draughtsmen, artists, scliool children and mechanics this 
handsome article will be found to be most useful and reliable in its work. 

While its mechanism is most ingenious, it can be manipulated with 
such simplicity that a child can readily and freely use it. It is not only 
unrivaled as a Compass, but its merits as a Divider are fully as thorough 
and complete. 


E^jj^GcIvK PKIsTCII^ CO., 

73 Franklin St., 

New York. 

Stutsman's perfect and complete self-teaching Compendium of Pen- 
manship : Slanting and Vertical: — for private individuals, home learners, 
the profession, Public School teachers, &c. 

This work 19 photo-engraved from ACTUAL PEN-WORK. 

things better than any work on writing ever published. A simple. C' 
original work on a new plan, that Ib particularly valuable to every < 
pies a higher position as a work of value thftD any other work < 

It la In everything as good and In many 

melse, thorough and practical work. Aa 

ne as a standard work of reference. It 

penmanship: embodying what Is prae- 

r aid. 

J make the student Inventive as well as critical. 


I something to assist you lo instruct in writing those placid in your charge: this 


No one. male or female, who Is now a professor of penmanship, or ^ 
^111 stop short of the best models for practice, 

Stutsman's perfect and complete self-teaching Compendium of Penmanship 
eaeher. the teacher a better teacher, and the common sclmol teacher a succcKsf ul w 

aspiring to that exaltx^'d position, 

PRICE $1.00. 

Address H. H. STUTSMAN, 

Los Angeles, Calif. 


i oytitCL^utruiW 




allothers to l«? taupht In tlie Brooklyu, N. 
■ leading Universities, Colleges. Academies ; 

V w.'ilh.- F'F.KNIN Hhorthnn'l «Herl<".i atxive al 
J MiKh School where ■Hiu puplln ure studying it i 
- hoH it been odopled by over 500 of the ieadi „ 

High Schools or the country within the past 5 or 6 years ? 
it Htenographers use and recommend It enthusiastically everywhere 7 
i.lreds of writers of the old shaded and position systems changing off to the PERNIN T 
.-.-Ive the exclusive WORLD'S FAIR a*ard of MEDAL and DIPLOMA ? 

The School Foard was convinced of Its SUPERIOR MERITS and adopted It 
SOLELY on that ground. 

Is a COMMON SENSE shorthand, quickly learned. READ LIKE PRINT. 

ciilld and 

H him no SHADING no POSITION, fe' --„— . - - - 

BKCAUSE it can Ik" learned for practical use In 8 to 12 WEEKS Instead of MONTHS and YEARS 
They feel the need of a more faelle and legible shorthand. 
It was adjudged the BEST of all shorthand systems in use. 

mplt'Io SELF»IN*^TRlICTOK. 82.00. Monejr refunded If not satisfactory. Lessons by MAIL 11 

Because ? 

r the highest speed, and adapted allice 
word slgU!! 

lion of the 
•ord, and 

■ II. 31. PEKXIN. Author. Deti 

. Mich. 

I A" A New Light! 

^-^^ ^ The X-Ray ,?/„ Shorthand World. 

1-. (•nini.l. 
lore nnd » 


When Ordering Typewriter Ribbons, 




Quickly lenrnrd ; no strain of eyes, hand or body. 
Worlc uniform, accurate, t 
Circular. Machines rent*. 

ellable. Send for 

They are the best, non-fllling and : 
any other make. They are In large w^ 
ptirtments of the government, telegraph and r 
,_ . .. 1. etc. They Ii 

■ paekcL -._ 
( the flnger 

L' packed on reels for < 

angers. Sometl; . _ ,_ 

I In the JouBNALomce satisfactorily. 


Rogers Manifold and Carbon Paper Co., 




^ ^ 

Le Cianche 
Ruling Pen, 

USE. PRICE. $1.00. 

vd. Mention The PkNMrs"s 


Le Cianche Ruling Pen Co., 


• %%%%%%%%^# 


The American College and Public 
School Directory 

'or the entire 

Contains Classifl.d Li.tts and Add, 
U.S. of all 

N^;,»:,'i"l*>'''''f'''".?'':,'*''"''"«''^^ a"*! Academies. 8. 
KOrmaiSsehools. y, Busines-* Colleges. 4. Schools of 
Science. . 6. School., of Theology. S. Schools of Law. 
, Eclectic and Homoa- 
B. School ' "" 
11. Com 

. Schools of Medicine ,.. r,...., 
opathlo. 8. SchooLs of Dentistry. 0. Schools" of' PhiH^- 
macy. 10. State Superiuteudents. if. Coun^vS^Jer 
"^**"^^J; ^i„ AUo leadiug-12. City SunerlntenSL 
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This new text-book of the Mun.son Sys- 
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last revision of the former text-book, in 

Within a month after publication it 
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throughout the country ; others are ar- 
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Liberal discount to Schools and Business Colleges. 

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IMPROVED METHODS, the progressive teacher or 
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[just from the press] the elimination of tlie disadvantages found in the ordinary 
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This novel method of presenthig a study on detachable cards is now for the 
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and every wide-awake and progressive teacher will immediately investigate 
its merits. 

It IS impossible in a small space to mention the many attractive features of 
this work, but the following, pointed out by the author (Mr. W. L. Mason. Principal 
New York Metropolitan School of Shorthand), will be of interest: 

The presentation of one principle at a time ; tlie abandonment 
of Learner's, Corresponding and Reporting styles ; the teaching 
of the principle of position at the outset of word writing ; the 
introduction of a few of the grammalogues at a time, with 
proper Illustrative sentences, and the careful elimination from 
each exercise of all outlines which might possibly be written 
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The Lesson Cards are based on the - Isaac Pitman Complete Phonographic 
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Three Books for Teachers and Learn- 
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For Court Reporters and Learners of 
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Instructions in Practical Court Report- 
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Williams & Rogers' 


Mium ano RDSlness Practice 


A Copy will be mailed to the address of any 
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BLANK BOOKS— Several Arrangements, 

BUSINESS FORMS-A Great Variety, 
PENS— Three Numbers, 

PAPER, Etc., Etc. 



Rochester, N. Y. ^ ^ ^ Chicago, Dl. 



Practical Books. 

The books of this series are new, 
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ive, and complete. They are acknowl- 
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Do not adopt new text-books or make changes until you 
have examined these publications : 

Spelling and Letter Writing. 

ler. I ^ 

graph combined 

Plain English, 


1 5U full paj 
id. an" 
graved lllustr 

Commerclal Law, 

ystematlcallj' arranged and full; 

The Practical Text Book Company, 

^ O H I o — 


Entered at N. T. P. O. a« Secoiidciase Matter. 


Peirce School. 

TEST PROBLEMS is the title of a col- 
lection of business problems that has just been 
issued. Its nucleus is the little volume issued 
by Doctor Peirce a few years ago, which met 
with much favor among teachers and business 
students. In its amplified form, it should meet 
with a cordial reception. Sent postpaid for 
twenty-five cents per copy. 

Send for Descriptive Catalogue of Publications. 


gi7-gig Chestnut Street, Pbiladelpbia. 


1. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 

ont answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, $1.50 

2. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 

tia! part of the complete book Retail price, $1.00 


COR RESPON DENCE Retail price, $1.00 

With pro'per discounts to Schools. 

of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, nnder Mr. Mnnson's 

supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the stndy of Mnnson 

Shorthand. Send for complete circnlai. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St., New York. 



$2.oo Per lOO Sheets. 
1.25 " 50 

KM>r4.»» tImrBi* l-re-imid. 

»^^^^=If you desire perfect work on the type-writer use the 

" Al " Type-writer Ribbon. 

Si.Y for $3.00. $5.00 Per Dozen. 

Sample Ribbon mailed for 50 cents. Owing to low prices send check or money 
order with yonr order. 

Acme Co., 49 John Street, New York. 

Headquarters for Type Wrltinsr Supplies and Reporters' Note Books. 

TV/HEN you want an aritlimetic that was written 
" in an atmosphere of business bj' one who is 
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New Business Arithmetic* 

If you are not pleased witli wliat you have 
using, examine this. It is as inductive as 
possible to make a work of this kind. 

it is 

mplecopy will be mailed, post paid, to teachers mentioning s 
lination, for 50 cents, cash to accompany the order. 






,)uBiJ -;ri]jjjjij^](j]iilT^;||gA. 



|oWERsJ)UIL0m6 (JmCAGO.-^ 



. THE] LIST . 

Complete Accountant — 
Counting House Edition. 
High School Edition. 

Powers' First Lessons in 

The New Business Arithmetic. 

The Practical Arithmetic. 

Commercial Law. 

The Practical Speller. 

Manual of Business Writing. 

Lessons in Phonography. 

Have you seen that unique lit- 
tle book spoken of in last month's 
JOURNAL, and recently published 
by us, 

The Practices of Business; or, 
How Business is Done. 

A dollar will brin^ you a copy i)f 
this valuable book, that contains over 
five hundred facts about business, 
many of them not generally known. 


The Natural System of Vertical Writing. 

By A. F. NEWLANDS and R. K. ROW. 

In the belief that school instruction in writing should be treated as 
a means to an end and not as an end in itself, the following are the basal 
principles upon which the Natural System of Vertical Writing has been 
prepared : 

1. The letter forms are the simplest possible, and based on those 
of print. 

2. In height the proportion of short letters to capitals and tall let- 
ters is that of one to two. 

3. With the exception of a base line, no guide lines whatever are 

4. The copies for beginners are large and pronounced, the size being 
gradually diminished as the pupil progresses. 

5. The subject matter of the copies is such as to stimulate thought 
on the part of the pupil. 

6. From the outset the letters are grouped in words. These are 
words of interest to children, and are pictorially illustrated in the two 
lower books. 

7. In early instruction the emphasis is put on the letter forms and 
not on the lines connecting them. In writing, as in printing, it is the 
grouping of the letters which produces the word picture. 




NEWTON, MASS., OSWEGO, N. Y., Eight Counties In California, 4;c.,&c.,&c. 

Si.v Bookn. Each 75 cents per iloxen. 

D. C. HEATH & CO., Publishers, Boston, New York, Chicag' 

^Mr"*- ''"" — '• Qytit><ZL^uzn/i& 



Penmanship ^^^^ Drawing 

... IN THE WORLD. . . . 

Sample copy of the Zanerian Exponent mailed free of charge. 


The Zanerian Art College, = Columbus, O. 


will please you. Its models for practice in Business 
and Ornamental Writing and Flourishing are most 
excellent. The work is alike valuable to Teacher 
and Student, and has no equal. Money returned if 
it is not a most admirable addition to your library. 
PRICE, PREPAID, - $1.00. 

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EvoryRoot! writerand every one who liopes to writf 
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The Ellsworth Company, 

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The WQvr style of penmanship known as the 
Intermedial or Half Sloping flnds fuvo 
with a ^reat many who think that the olrl 
ityle si Anting script is out of date, and the 
new style of vertical script too radical. The 
Half Sloping combines the scientifle ad^ 
tagres of the Vertical with the graceful: 
"f the slanting script. We predict that it 
has come to stay, and the styles we have 
seen are artistic and legible. We have en- 
graved some of the books now in preparation 
and would like to engrave more. Write us foi 
prices on this or any other style of scrii't en- 
graving. We furnish designs upon request. 

Frank McLees & Bros., 28 Elm St., New York. 


I Doz. Finely Written Cards l' 

I Set Beautiful Citpitnls, j. 

I Flourish (on Bristol Board) 25e. 

I Finely Written Letter 25c 

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Read the following letter I 

This Series tau£ht first the Supervisor of Penmanship and then the 
Mfaolars; and they took the highest prize In the 1896 contest In Writing In 
••The Penman's Art Journal." 

"975 Thibu Street, 

"Salt Lake City, Utah, 
" Mb. John A. Forbes : " Sept. 24, 1896. 

" Dear Sir : — In reply to yonrs of September 19th, asking for my opinion of 
the Sheldon System of Vertical Writing, I will say that I prefer it to any other 
system that I have seen, and I think I have seen all, or nearly all, that have been 
published. Probably this preference comes from the fact that I have received 
much more assistance myself from that system than from any other. 

"When the School Board of Salt Lake City decided to adopt the vertical 
system of Penmanship, no one among the teachers knew anything about writing 
or teaching. I was teaching in a grade at that time and began to look into the 
snbject for my own benefit. • 1 did not succeed in finding much information or 
assistance until your books came. 

" You may be able to judge to what extent they helped me when I say that 
before school opened in September, 189.'), the School Board asked me to give a series 
of lessons to the teachers outside of school hours, and before the end of the third 
week I was appointed Supervisor of Penmanship work in the schools. 

" To be sure, my i)re\ious experience in penmanship was of much use to me, 
but my ideas concerning vertical writing were exceedingly vague until I used 
your books. 

" The American system had been adopted here before I was appointed. How- 
ever, my instruction has all been from the Sheldon idea. As to our first year's 
success you are no doubt informed. 

" We used Sheldon's No. 9 in our Seventh and Eighth Grades last year, and 
this year will use Nos. 9 and 10. Pupils and teachers were very much pleased with 
the style of writing, as well as with the subject matter and general arrangement. 

" I very strongly urge the adoption of the Sheldon System wherever Vertical 
Penmanship is to be introduced. 

" I trust that my experience will be of some assistance to others. 
"Respectfully yours. 
(Signed) "MAY V. CAVANAUGH, 

" Supervisor of Penmanship.' 

■HBLDON'5 VERTICAL WRITING. In Ten Numbers with Chart end Teacher's Hanual. 

SHELDON & COMPANY, New York, Chicago, Boston. 



in Typewriters is the 


It sets a known 
and tested 


of excellence. 

4 4 « 4 

Ever'yone knows what 
it represents — the Best 
Work with least Labor, 
Enduring Service, Un- 
equaled Economy and 
Convenience. The.«. 



bears the stamp of 
Unqualified Public Approval. 

Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, 327 Broadway, N. Y 

A Happy New Year to All. 

Chicago, January 1, 1897. 
The great hit at the meeting of the Federation of Commercial Teachers' 
Association was the presentation, by Mr. Sadler, of the 

Sadler or Budget System. 

It surprised, pleased and captured the members. 

Notwithstanding this system was not published until August, 1895, it now leads 
all others. Competitors are • ' not in it," hence we say to our co-workers : If you have 
not already adopted the system you should do so. Y'ou owe it to your patrons that 
your school shall have the best possible course of study. 


will thoroughly and satisfactorily fill the bill. It is now used and endorsed by over 
250 of the leading and best schools in North America. This system and the Sadler- 
Rowe Business Practice furnishes a complete course of instruction, adjustable to 
any length of time, can be used in whole or in part. Have yon examined it? If 
not, why not ? It will pay yon to investigate— Write Sadler. 


Sadler's are the Standard. 
Rangre In price from 65c. to $1.10. 

A poor text book Is dear at any price. 


If you are interested and wish to know more, write to 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, 

12 North Charles Street, - - BALTIMORE,' MD. 


Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 


No. 2. 

• f/*e Student. 


-If you have already made a beginning in 
this work, have determined to do your best in learn- 
ing from these lessons, do not allow yourself to be- 
come discouraged if at first you do not improve as 
rapidly as you think you should. You wiU succeed 
if you have the willingness to work and the desire 
to receive instruction. There is but one way to 
learn, and that is by work, work, work ; practice, 
practice, practice; intelligent practice, effort prop- 
erly directed. Do not get the idea that you are an 
exceptional case and can learn in a shorter time 
than other people. Do everything as outlined, and 
I care not if yon are the chief among poor writers, 
there is hope for you. If you do everything as out- 
lined in these lessons you are bound to make sub- 
stantial improvement. Writing is not a natural 
gift, is not limited to the few. and a good, plain, 
rapid hand belongs to you it you have the energy to 
work for it. If you think yon have sufficient 
energy, then go to work and work with a will. I 
am not satisfied as yet with your work on the first 
lesson. I am a firm believer that we seldom do our 
best. Those who think they have finished the work 
in Lesson One and are ready for more advanced 
work rarely make the improvement they should. 
The copies presented in the first lessoo cannot be 
■" finished " in just a few days. They furnish mate- 
rial for practice for the advanced as well as the be- 

Do not be easily satisfied. Criticise your position, 
your movement and your work at all times. Do 
not omit any of the work. Students are prone to 
shirk the difficult exercises and practice the copies 
they can make best. Although some of the exer- 
cises may seem distasteful to you, it is just the kind 
of work you need and what you should master, it 
you wish to make the most ot your possibilities. If 
you expect to adopt this course only in part, we will 
not feel responsible for the results. Improvement 
is only promised to those who faithfully follow 
overy detail of the instruction from month to month. 

Lfi7vjf EjC'vriai-H, 

-Vo. l.:.—h.% has been stated before, the most im- 
portant thing tor the learner to acquire is a light, 
elastic muscular movement. In order to accom- 
plish this more time should be spent in practicing 
the large e.'sercises in Lesson One. Those who have 
been used to writing with a slow, cramped move- 
ment will find these exercises ot special benefit in 
learning to use the arm in place ot the fingers Un 
leas a free action of the arm is fully established, the 
student should confine his practice exclusively to 
the large exercises. They give force, strength and 
freedom to the stroke that cannot be secured m any 
other way. These exercises will enable the student 
to move the arm in every direction and with .the 
greatest facility. 

Be in no hurry to take up different work. Prac- 
tice upon the few exercises already given, and be 
sure, be very sure, that you can make all of the dif- 
ferent movements in Lesson One before attempting 
the work in this lesson. 


The Obliqili- Ej-ercise 

Xo. 14. — Notice No. 7. This is the same exercise 
as given in Lesson One. First make it one space 
in height, then two, three, tour, five and even more 
if you can without sliding the sleeve on the table. 
Force the arm to move rapidly in and out ot the 
sleeve. Move at a high rate ot speed, and make 
from 201) to 1.50 pulls toward the body per minute. 

TwBNTV-nnsT YlAB. 

to perform as the large ones. The former gives 
strength and character to the writing, the latter 
tones down and brings the muscles of the arm under 
control for practical writing purposes. All practice 
on large exercises, after a given degree ot excel- 
lence has been attained in movement, tends toward 
developing a wild and reckless style ot writing. 
This wildness is a desirable thing in beginner8,Jtor 

(3 (3 (3 (3 


Try to get the down lines on the same slant and 
make lines compact. Work out nearly every parti- 
cle of white between lines. Fill several pages with 
this copy, as the motion produced in making the 
oblique exercise is one ot the most valuable used in 

TItf Siiinlt Ej-erclsfs. 

Xi}. 7.;.— While the large exercises are indispensa- 
ble, still the small exercises have as great a function 

when the muscles are brought under control, 
through the practice ot small exercises, a free and 
rapid hand is the result ; while those who have 
never had the large exercise practice write an un 
certain, trembling and usually .slow style. 

Now, those who have followed the instructions 
thus far should have a mid, reckless movement. 
They should be able to move the arm in every direc- 
tion without the use of the fingers, should make all 


of the large exercises with the greatest ease and 
ehonid maintain a good position of the hand and 
body at the table. 

It yonr movement at this time takes in a wide 
scope, although difficnit to govern, your efforts 
have been directed in the right channel. This 
movement is too larj^e for small writing, and needs 
to be bronght imder subjection to the will. The 
first exercise in No. 8 will give you a control over 
movement that will 'make the practice of small let- 
ters a pleasure to you. Remember these exercises 
are made with the arm movement, and if the fingers 
are u.«ed the value of this practice will amouut to 
nothing. Make at least four rows of exercises be- 
tween the two blue lines. The small oblique exer- 
cise is first introduced, then the direct oval, then the 
oblique, then tlie reversed oval. This kind of prac- 
tice gives us iuat the same short, straight lines and 
curves that are used in small letters and are made 
about the same size. 

Jtow to I'rnptlct'. 

No. //;. — Donot practice longer than one hour at 
a time. The first part of the hour should be devoted 
to large execises, even after you are capable of mak- 
ing them well. This will insure freedom of motion 
and smooth lines. Label one page LARGE EXER- 
(;ISES and another SMALL EXERCISES. Prac- 
tice large exercises for at least ten minutes, then 
take your page of small exercises and practice those 
for at least thirty minutes. It is here we want the 
most work at present. It is a good plan to practice 
making more than four rows of exercises between 
the lines, simply for the command it gives over 
movement. This practice is excellent as long as the 
arm is used as the propelling powei-. In order to 
make it plain to the beginner regarding spacing, 
speed, etc., we have mapped out ten lessons from 
the copies on Plate 8. After the movement practice 
has been performed as described above, there still 
remains about twenty minutes for work on one of 
the following lessons. The tendency is to spread 
the writing over too much ground. Write exactly 
the same number of words to the line as indicated. 
You do not understand speed. Then time yourself 
and keep up with the schedule : 
j_^^^ _ Words TO NtiMBERWonns 

KiKht rmm 6 24 

Nine arrow (i •m 

Tc.1 M,. ~i 

Thr fapUttI -O. " 

.'Vo.i?',— Before practicing on the " O," work on 
the direct oval retracing exercise, making seven 
down strokes in each. Make exercises close together 
as in copy. This should fill the space between the 
bine lines. Make the " O " next with a rapid mo 
tion. Keep fingers quiet. Make at least 6U to the 
minute and increase to 90. Endeavor to make good 
forms. Count 1— if or each letter. The other small 
letter exercises will help to keep the movement 
down while making the " O." 

riK- ciipiiiii ■•(■.'• 
No. /.■>■. —Practice on the first exercise in No, 10. 
Begin by making the oblique exercise and gradually 
work out to the oval. Make at least 50 of these 
exercises before attempting the capital. Two styles 
of the letter are given, and both are practical forms. 
In making the first form, try to get the down lines 
as near parallel as possible. Use an easy movement 
and avoid the jerky, spasmodic motion. Count 1—2 
for both forms. Work for speed as we,ll as form. 
Make ir, to the minute. The word ■■Common " 
should be written without lifting the pen, and write 
four to the line. 

Lessons in Ornamental Writing. 

.^'o. J — l*lan of the Lessons. 

As the editor of the Penman's Art Journal 
desires me to run a course of lessons in Ornamental 
Writing through the columns of this paper, I nave 
decided so to do to the best of my ability. 

My aim is to have these lessons as strong and 
practical as possible for the amount of space to be 
used. Any suggestions that would be helpful to 
me, in strengthening them or making them more 

instructive and beneficial, would be most cheerfully 
accepted and highly appreciated. 

They are not prepared, however, for the most 
severe criticism of our more eminent penmen, but 
merely to give an insight and foundation principles 
in this particular line of penmanship, which so many 
admire and are yet unable to execute. Neither 
are they designed itfr those who wish to acquire a 
handwriting for the business world, but they are 

so you may be able to move your hand the full 
length of the line without lifting the pen. 

J'latf Niimtier One. 

Begin on the continued oval or exercise No. 1, 
keeping it about the same in height, width and slant 
as given in the illustration. «.)n ■■•i^' -■< ISif^B = ifcX 

Work with an unflagging energy, until fyou^have 
obtained,'a free, easy movement, making'from'five 

prepared in a brief manner for the large army of 
readers who wish to further their interest in pen- 
manship more than the plain business form. 

I take for granted that those who follow these 
instructions have at least some idea of muscular 
movement, and are standing on a little higher plane 
ttian those who are just learning the value of good 
writing. I also suppose they have some knowledge 
of the art, and have practiced long enough to know 

to six ovals per ieconJ, continuing the whole length 
of the line without slackening the motion or sliding 
the arm at the elbow. 

Copy No. 2 is the same as No. 1, only it is the re- 
verse. Notice the direction indicated by the arrows. 

The flat oval, or copies Nos. 3 and 4, should be re- 
traced at least ten times, having the long way paral- 

well the importance of following and heeding each 
word of instruction. 

May I ask each student who expects to enter this 
course to mail me at his earliest convenience a good 
specimen of his shaded penmanship, containing 
both capitals and small letters, name, address, etc., 
also one or two of his best pages for my criticism 

lei with the base line and moving to the right one- 
half space each time without lifting the pen. Write 
not less than four pages of each, keeping your papers 
as clean as possible, as they should be filed away in 
consecutive order for future reference. 

Fliitv yiimbvr Three. 

It you have followed closely the foregoing sugges- 
tions, then try your hand on the shaded oval. Load 

each month following throughout the entire course 'i 
This, I trust, will not be neglected, as it will be of 
great advantage to me in preparing these lessons 
and very helpful to those pursuing them. Address 
me care Indianapolis Business University. 


Suppose \y6 equip ourselves now with a few of 
the little necessaries, such as blotter to put on desk, 

your pen well with ink, strike out with confidence, 
and make not leas than ten or twelve downward 
strokes before stopping. Shade heavy and have the 
widest part of the shade in the center. Notice the 
general direction of the exercises given, and be sure 
that you have your shades begin and end with a 
hair line. * 

Do not become discouraged should you not suc- 


oblique penholder, good black ink, pens and an 
abundant supply of first-class foolscap paper. I 
recommend for pens Gillott's Principality, No, 1, 
and for ink Arnold's Japan mixed with about one- 
half fluid. 

.V«il' /»)• the atari. 

Remove all unnecessary clothing from the arm, 
roll up your sleeve, take a square position at the 
desk and place your paper parallel with the arm 

ceed at first, but instead, go back and criticise yonr 
work, mark in red ink every mistake, then prove to 
yourself that you have some wisdom and thought 
by correcting these errors. Remember, it^ is not 
how much you practice, but how well ; not the 
amount, but kind ; not quantity, but quality. 

The capital letters A and O are giveu to show the 

importance of mastering well these excrclBes. With 
anch principles yoa can move on toward snccesa, 
bat without them you are retarded. 

Copy No. 7 is something that will give yon excel- 
lent practice in getting the swing for the minimnm 
letters. Have three letters to the group, three 
groups to the line and four lines between the ruled 
lines. Begin and end each group with a long curve, 
and be very careful not to allow your work to he 
larger than the copy, or your tarns at the bottom 
of your It's or at the top ot your m's to be sharp. 
This is very important, even though it be small. 

Let me urge yon to practice repeatedly on the ex- 
ercises given this month, and if.j'ou are interested, 
enthusiastic and systematic in your practice, yon 
work will be a (.ource ot pleasure. Stick to this 
lesion until the next reaches you. 


en's ExclianK« Deparlment. 

C. S Hammock. Wray. Colo 

Mi9g Maymie O'Donnell, Wray. Colo. 

Mis3 OUio Lepper. Wray. Colo. 

MisB L. M. Butts. Wray. Colo. 

Andy Hoy, Wray, Colo. 

Burt Smith, Brush. Colo. 

C, N. Nevitt. CnrdsviUe (via Ellendale), Ky. 

A. W. Walker. Ellsmere. Del. 

J, E. Stone, UrsinnsCoU.. CollegeviUe. Pa. 

N. S. Lane, Manti, Ala. 

— Our subscribers will remember -that there isnonharge 
for having name and address inserted in this department. 
The only obliKation attached is that Those who join send 
specimens o( their best writing to the other members of the 

— A splendid specimen of automatic pen work in several 
colors comes from A. B Cushman. automatic pen artist. 
Humboldt, Kan. -Mr. Cushman's work is accurate and srace- 
ful, and he blends the colors beautifully. Specimen collect- 
ors should have a couple of pages in their scrap books filled 
with Mr. Cushman's work. 

— Some fine ornamental writing comes from W. J. Elliott, 
Prin. Central Bus. Coll., Stratford, Ont. 

— J. C. Olsen, penman of the Stanberry. Mo., Nor. Coll., 
sends some fine ornamental writing. He has vigor and 
grace, and is coming to the front as one of our best orna- 

— A very dasUy flourish and some fine ornamental writ- 
ing has been received from W. R. Odegaard, penman, St. 
Ansgar, la.. Semiuary and Institute. 

— C. W.Jones, Brockton. Mass., is able to put dasb and 
grace into hia writing, whether it be business or orna- 
mental, and we have before us some splendidly written 
cards that give indication of fine control of the hand and 
arm. Mr. Jones' business writing is a model. Students and 
young penmen should have a collection of Mr. Jones' bebt 
work for their scrap books. 

— Prom T. S. Overby, Taylor, ift is., we have some grace- 
fully executed ornamental si 
business writine. He has co 

of Writing and Drawing, 
e excellent ornamental slg- 

; from J. J. Reese, Ne 

— A daahy bird flourish com 

- C. ¥>. Rust, the penman tinsmltu of Brandon. Vt.. still 
retains his grip, as shown by the handsomely written letter 
lately received from him. 

- .W. B. Baker. Orpha, W. Va.. sends The Journal speci- 
m-ius of hia writing executed on January 1, iMilB.and another 
executed 00 January I, 1S97. These specimeuM show a most 
dncided improvement, particularly in the matter of move- 
nient. He states that this improvement is due to The Juur- 

— A dashilv written letter comes from J, E. Tuttle, Oil 
City, Pa., B. C. 

— A circular with some handsome spe -imens of resolution 
work has been received from Snmuel D. Holt jienman and 
designer, lOlH Chestnut St.. Philad**lpliia. Mr. Holt has late- 
ly purchased the business of J. B. Uraff. 

Studenttf' Specimenti, 

— A large package of samples of the writing of students of 
W. A. Ross, Massev Bus. Coll.. Columbus, Cia., ohows that 
Mr. Ross believes in movement and is successfully ti-aching 
it. AH of the writing is free and gives every indication or 
suoqd. Among the best writers are : C. A. Miller, Edgar 
Mitchell. C. M. Jones. C. H, Venable. H. Danell. O. B. Wood, 
L. R. Ciuley. lieo. Burrus. J. R. Ritter, Edear McCrory, G. 
R Poddy, Rose Bailey. R. S. Beckham, L, W. Youmans. 

— Spucimens of businois writiuK from J. M. Ward, a three 
months" night pupil of T. T, Wil-on of tbe Brockton, Mass., 
B C. would indiciite that Mr. Ward would naturally drift 
into the professional rank. He has speed, movement and 

— Prom C. E. Birch of Birch's Correspondence School, 
Oak Mills. Kan., we have received a package of specimens of 
students writing. This is the first we remember to have 
had from students of a correspondence school, and if all are 

I narticularly f 
: O Hastings, fclrnest Mc- 
McQuire, August Zacha- 

f;ood, and the movement exei 
he best writers are ihe folio 
Guire. Ha S.ise, Pearl Adam 
rlas, William Zacharias. 

- L. C. McCanu. penman of Williams Coll. of Bus,. Ma 
hanoy Citv. Pa., has good control of the pen. He sends u 
some Un»1y written ornamental capitals and a couplts o: 
graceful flourishes. 

Business Writing Teachers' Open Court. 




^-"^J-te-^,^ ..^/t^-^-A^i^' ~-i/i^--<^iyU>'-t.c^^ 





-^(D (P i^ -/3i^'''^ 



A^.,^ ^.^^/.-c.^-o-^->^.^^^^--^^ ^^^ 






(Those k'snonn bejjan In the 'January. 1887. number of The Jol'n 
Xjir. un<i HUbecrlptloi 

'(..JcA/nana Qytit/ClXtLtnaC) 

K 8tart:wUh thai number If deslred.l 

Number 2. 

Vvimarii (ivndv*. 

The representation of form in various materials 
Is one of the delightful pastimes of childhooil. The 
making of cakes and piea in the delicious plastic 
substance called by grownup folks mud, the cut- 
ting of paper men with toes turned out and joint- 
less limbj, the building of forts and railroads and 
tunnels in the sand are all in a broad sense drawing. 

This natural desire of young children for the rep- 
resentation of objects is the foundation upon which 
all form study in our schools should rest. It is the 
tender sprout which should be watched, nourished 
and pruned occasionally, if needed, until it grows 
into a strong, healthy tree bearing fruit in due 

Be careful how you handle the tender shoots. 
Encoorage, stimulate, guide, be sure that you do 
not crmh or pluck up by the roots. A six-year 
old child's concept of form is generally better 
than he is given credit for. What a child puts on 
paper in making a drawing is not an inde-'f of his 
seeing. His drawing usually bears but a slight re- 
semblance to what he would do if his hands were 
trained equal to his eyes. Many children draw 
with pencil and jiaper for the first time in school. 
What wonder then if the untrained hand refuses to 
obey the commands of its young master and persists 
in making corners where curves were intended. 

The original drawings in first plate are the work 
of as many different children from five to eight 
years of age, and show the character of drawing the 
average child does upon entering school. A care- 
ful study will show that there was more thought 
behind them than would appear at first glance. 
Every primary room in the country can produce an 
unlimited quantity of such drawings. 

H7i<i( (o J)><i.c. 

The child during first and second years in school 
is willing to draw anything. Nothing is too diffi- 
cult. He will attempt the complications of a loco- 
motive with the same confidence that he would the 
outlines of a square, and would probably get as 
much good and certainly more pleasure from his at- 

It makes but little difference what first- year pupils 
draw so long as their interest is kept up and they 
are drawing something they have seen and under- 
stand. Do not lequire children to draw figures 
that to them are meaningless; they soon tire of 
practicing merely geometric outlines and may get 
a decided aversion to drawing. 

A boy recently gave as an excuse for his poor 
work that they didn't teach drawing where he went 
to school last year ; and when asked if he didn't draw- 
in a book with a pencil, said, " I didn't know that 
was drawing; we didu't make anything but rounds 
and squares." 

When squares are drawn, have them made for a 
purpose. Turn them into bo.tes, or books, or houses 
or picture frames. When straight lines are prac- 
ticed have the children understand that they are 
drawing hoe handles, or canes, or lead pencils or 
telegraph poles. It circles, call them bicycle wheels, 
or balls or dollars. 

nra>rinti from Cuiiij. 

A few years ago the kind of drawing taught in 
most schools consisted almost entirely of copying 
the outlines of figures made by another. The re 
suits showed that while many could do beautiful 
work from a good cojiy, to place before them an ob- 
ject to work from they could do nothing. Some 
prominent educators, who are just like other folks 
in this particular, saw the mistake that was being 
made and immediately Hew to the other extreme 
and said, "Do no copying from the flat. Let all 
drawings be from the object. Put something be- 

fore the child and let him draw it as he sees it. " 
One of these extremes is as bad as the other. In 
the primary grades a great deal of time can be 
profitably spent in copying simple outline drawings 
of familiar objects. Such work not only gives the 
child necessary training of the eye in measuring 
distances and getting proportions and directions, 
but also furnishes the proper training for the little 
fingers to enable them to transfer to paper the im- 
pressions received through the eye. When a little 
fellowjhas drawn a three or four cornered circle (as 
most will in the beginning) the teacher can, by ask- 

jects suitable for beginners to draw, either f rom'copy 
or from the object. The drawings should be made 
considerably larger than here^^presented. Large, 
bold drawings should be encouraged. 

The best results can be secured on loose paper and 
pupils should be given but one sheet at a time. 

Objects having straight edges may be drawn 
first; but there is no good reason why a child during 
his first year should be limited to straight lines. 

An Inti-ri'stiiiff /'Inn. 

A very interesting and instructive plan is to clas- 
sify objects according to their usss or qualities. 










ing him how he thinks it would do for the wheel 
of a baby carriage, impress upon him the impor- 
tance of geting rid of the corners. 

The teacher should bring to school from time to 
time simple objects suitable to draw such as 
hatchets, spoons, rolling pins, goblets, vases, jugs, 
fruits and vegetables and many other familiar ob- 
jects found about the homes. A mounted squirrel 
01- bird is a never failing source of delight and has 
some advantages over the live animal from the fact 
that it will remain in one position as long as 

JTojr to Gratr t'opji foy This T.mHitn. 

In the second plate are shown a few outlines of ob- 

Several lessons may be profitably given on the dif- 
ferent kinds of fences and gates. Then things good 
to eat, things to pound with, things to wear, things 
to dig with. etc. The same figure should be dr.awn 
two, three or more times, bat may be varied in 
position to avoid sameness. - I 

After Superintendent Greenwood. 

Editor Pe.n'man's Art JorRN.\L : 

We rend tbe Penma.n's Art Jocrnal down here, and 
are always gind to get it. It is surprising that such liter- 
ature as tbe Penman's Art Jour.val. contributed to by 
such an army of authors, artists and literary giants as 

there are, could go out over this ^eut world of ours and 
yet there exist such men at the helm of schools as Pro- 
fessor Greenhorn— I mean Greenwood— over at Kansas 
City. We teach muscular movement business writing, as 
is advocated by the Penman's Art Jol'rxal, and be- 
lieve in having a specialist in writing and drawing iu 
every school, however small. Accept the challenge, and 
send in your five specimens of writing. Brother C. H. 
Peirce. I'll go you halvers. V. T. Ely. 

Teacher of writing Stanley's Business College. 
Thomasville, Ga., December 1, 1896. 

Ecent Public School Book Adoptions. 

V York, N. Y. ; Mt. Mo 

Teachers' Colle 
American Copy Books. 

Los AnKelea. Cal. ; Tarrytowu, N. 
N. Y. : Beach Lake. Pa. ; Revere, Pa, 
Copy Book. 

New London, Pa.— Spencerian Copy Book. 

West Creek, N. J.— Appleton's Copy Books. 

Newlands vs. Champlin. 

Kingston, Ontario, December 8, 1890. 
To THE Editor : 

The inclosed copy of a letter, to which I received^no 
reply, tells its own story. 

My offers to enable Mr. Champlin to prove his asser- 
tions did nut, I thought, leave a hole large enough for 
him to crawl out of, but I evidently did not have Ms 
proper measure. I shall pay no further attention to these 
would-be critics, who are, it is plain to see, seeking '* some 
free advertising." 

Yours truly, 

A. F. Newlands. 

Kinoston, Ontario. November 21, 1896. 
Mr. Howard Champlin. 

Supervisor of Writing. Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Dkah Sir: Inasmuch as the extract from your letter in 
the November Journal may, by some, be mistaken for a 
partial acceptance of my proposition that we have an im- 
partial comparative test of the writing of our pupils, I feel 
that it deserves some notice. 
I am willing to enter at the Chicago meeting of the Writ- 



ing and Drawing Teachers' Association wort of our pupils 
in competition with work of your schools. 

You are, no doubt, quite aware that specimens of writing 
have little or no value unless those who view them know 
well the conditions untler which they were written; I there- 
fore propose the following : 

1. That the specimens be written in both cities on the same 
day in the third week in December, say Friday the 18th. 

3. That all the pupils of each of three classes in one build- 
ing, including the sixth, seventh and eighth school years, 
be required to write. 

:i. That all the specimens from a class be written simulta- 
nepusly wlthiu five minutes. 

4. That the matter written be a continuous extract from 
some poem. 

5. "That in order to prevent the possibility of any after 
complaint of irregularity, each of us be allowed a represent- 
ative present to see the specimens prepared, to sign and 
number each specimen, to take from the class register or 
otherwise ascertain tlie avorage age of the pupils, and to 
guard against any pupils competing who have not been dur- 
ing at least two months immediately preceding in regular 
attendance in the class in which they write. 

ti. That the best specimens from each class shown by each 
of us be photo-engraved, and published with an explanation 
of how they were prepared. 

Kindly telegraph at my expense on or before November 
.■-•ti. yes or no, to this proposition. 

Yours truly. 

A. P. Newlands. 

No Revenue for Display. 

'* John, you write a very pretty hand," .said the stingy 
employer; "but you shade your letters too heavily. A 
light, vmiform touch is far preferable. Save ink, John." 
-New Orleans Times-Democrat. 


^^ ^^ 


The Corralling of the Writing Master for 
Public School Service. 


From time immemorial there has existed a chiro- 
graphic race of hardy, self-taught Individuals known 
as -'Knights of the Cjnill." "Scribes," "Profes- 
sors of Penmanship," "Writing Masters," "Ink 
Slingers," etc.. claiming to be lineal descendants 
from one Moses, the great law giver and inventor 
of the Mystic Art of Writing, and to be endowed 
above ordinary mortals with a divine afflatus 
which renders them superior to all direction and con- 
trol by the powers that be, roaming unchecked over 
the continents and often wasting their fragrance on 
the desert air, when if their skill and lofty assurance 
could be utilized and harnessed to the work of civil- 
ization the world at large would be vastly bene- 
fited thereby. 

But, like the hardy broncho of the plains, they 
disdain to be corralled or harnessed and kick at all 
attempts to restrain or control their pristine free- 
dom, backing and kicking against all rules and regu- 
lations laid down except by themselves as the self 
appointed advance agents of coming civilization 

So long has this state of affairs existed and 
they been allowed to have their undisputed say 
wherever their services as teachers have been 
sought, notwithstanding their crude yet enthusi- 
astic methods of imparting instruction, that it has 
come 1o be believed that penmanship is really an 
artless Art, controlled by Genius itself, lacking 
which it is useless to strive for mastery of the pen. 

But the steady advance of modern educational 
methods and scientific forces, casting about for ma- 
terial for carrying on its increasing work, have 
sought to impress these fiery, untamed Geniuses 
known as " Knights of the Quill," etc., and har- 
ness them to the Educational chariot to aid the 
rank" and file of teachers in delivering to every 
mother's son and daughter a mastery of the cabalis- 
tic art tinged with the free and forceful graces of 
the untamed Geniuses aforesaid. 

And first, to bait their victim, they deploy to over- 
come his shyness with the pleasant sound of " Su- 
pervisor of Penmanship ' ' in place of the use of the 
familiar titles with which approach would be 
more difficult, and having thus captured his conceit 
he is ready for the further task of breaking into 
the educational harness at their leisure. 

But, having once caught the fiery, untamed, it is 
no easy task to educate him into the steps of teach- 
ing and substitute the rules of pedagogy for the 
zealous fire and enthusiasm which was his only talis- 
man for drawing out the latent powers of youthful 
minds and muscles. 

And here is where the problem lies, arid where the 
best resource of superintending powers must be 
employed to quell the vicious kicks and plunges of 
their yet-to-be-subdued ally, and accustom him to 

the traces and steady pull by which true educational 
progress is insured. 

But, as it is a well known custom in breaking a 
fractious animal to harness it to a well trained, 
steady team, so it is reasonable^to assume that with 
due surroundings and appliances, accompanied with 
appeals to native pride and ambition and like in- 
ducements, the result may be duly accomplished 
and a valuable auxiliary secured, which shall eventu- 
ally place Penmanship where it belongs, as one of 

iijl III >vai. 
u>t Hi feacc, an? 
it.) I in ific ilcail.) of 
4\ vi co\ H vtWwcMi^ 

the foundation stones and manual arts second to 
none other in the educational superstructure now 
tottering for lack of its supporting strength. 

Some Work of the Lafayette Schools Lost. 

At the Chicauo meetici; of the Writinu and Drawinu 
Teachers' AsHuciation, J. H. Bachteiikirchor, Supervisor of 
Writing in the Lafayette, Ind., public schools, had the mis- 
fortune to lose a bound volume of tlie work of Ruth MiUep 
of the Ford School. Tne volume is entitled " The Vision of 
Sir Launfal," and is illustrated. Mr. Bachtenkircher thinks 


that aomo one, Bapposing the work was to be given away, ap- 
propriated it. It f8 very valuable to the young lady, tbe 
principal, superintendent and to Mr. B. himself, and of 
no special value to any one else. Mr. Bachteiikirchor will 
pay a liberal reward for its return, and no questiona asked. 

A Correction. 

Shbi.don & CoMrANV ([ncorpoiatedl. 

NEW X-OKK. Jarnmry27. IW. 
Prnman'8 Akt Journal. 

202 Broadway. New York City. 
Oestlkmkn : We suppose that a jonrnal of the high posi- 
tion of TiiK pKNMAN's Art Jouknal desires to be correct 

We havi! this morning roceived a letter from our Chicago 
Manager. Mr. Alexander Forbes, in which he says : 

" I notice in Tok Pknman's Aiit Journal of January. 
J«i7. on page ». uoder the head of 'Recent Public School 
Adoptions.' Grand Rapids, Mich., is credited with having 
adopted Merrill-B Copy Books. The inclosed letter from 
Superintendent Chalmer of Grand Rapids will show you 
that that is not correct." 

In this letter is inclosed a letter from Superintendent 
Chalm(?r. under date of .January ^2. ISUT. in which he says : 
■'I am niucli obliged to you for your favor of the 35th inst. 
Our Board of Education has not adopted Merrill's Copy 
Books. We placed in our schoo\i>,\aatS<-j}teml>vr, Sheldon's 

K.^^m£uid dPtit'O^tctAa^ 

Tbe loetructor: ''Vour nose is too long and too 
eharp, and your face too thin and peaked. Your 
entire figure is too slender. Your waist should be 

-Schuol 1 

i-d Jou 

Vertical Copy Books, and so far as I am able to learn they a 
giving excellent satisfaction to all concerned. 

(Signed) "W. W. Chalmer.' 
We suppose, of course, that having made the error, y 
will see to it that it is properly corrected. 
We are. Yours very truly, 

SuBLDON & Company 

paper, if more than aix inches wide, may be moved 
to the left as w© proceed across the page. If the 
arm, as a whole, is not moved to tbe right we shall 
have to constantly pull it off the desk in order that 
the hand may follow the lines on paper. This makes 
it difficult to use the same movement throughout 
the line, and it also makes it difficult to get a uni- 
form slant. 

WatrU f/ic l^fiprr. 

There is a tendency on tbe part of some to place 
the paper too far to the right, and to turn the arm 
to the position indicated in illustration No. 4. We 
have observed that when pupils sat in this position 
they invariably wrote with an up and down motion 

Teachers' Associatiou conferred an honor ppou the 
Lafayette schools, well worthy of special note, as the fol- 
lowing committee report and award will illustrate : 

*' ' Your committee on examinatiou of school exhibits 
beg leave to submit the following report. In arriving at 
out decision, which was a unanimous one, we took into 
account the following points : First, movemeut ; second, 
term ; third, general effect. On this basis we find that 
the schools of Lafayette, Ind., deserve the highest award, 
the schools of Charles City, Iowa, second, and Orand 
Haven, Mich., the third. We also wish to commend the 
ease of movement and lightness of lines found iu th^^ex- 
hibit of Cincinnati. Ohio, and Crawfordsville. Ind. (MC. 
Curtis. Minneapolis, Miuo., W. H. Carrier, Adrian. MictI^ 
Fanny Dickenson, Flint, Mich., committee.' 

" The committee was composed of well known teachers 





that produced narrow letters and placed them 
close together. The same trouble will be experi- 
enced if vertical writing is tried with straight front 
position and paper turned as in slanting writing. 

To I'roflncr Strfiight Itouturavfl Strobe. 

To produce the straight downward strokes in ver- 
tical writing draw the pen toward the body, rolling 
the forearm on the muscles. To make the broad 
turns between the letters, roll or pull the arm back 
into the sleeve and to the right at the same time. 
To make the upward strokes that curve to the left, 
roll the arm forward and to the right. As the arm 
should rest lightly on the desk, it may elide some 

in their line, and C. C*. Curtis is of national reputation 
He is an author of an excellent system of copybooks. 
Within the last year he has revised and modernized his 
system, and has incorporated many of the Lafayette 
ideas and methods, gleaned from our last year's exhibit 
at Chiciigo, in bis new system of copybooks. These booKS 
have been accepted by the American Book Company as 
being the best they have ever seen. 

" Duluth, Minn., Richmond, Ind., and many other cities 
of importance were in the exhibit in which the Lafayette 
schools won first honors." 

A New Blackboard. 

So mucb has been said of late abont the blackboard rj 

being unsanitary that a novelty is worth mentioning. This 

nrJ r/U /ywyxJ /yyu /Y\AMnj rrvuyojnj frux/wyju 
Zxx/yvu' I'YxjjvxJU rrnx^' rfYXMYuj /yYv.A/vv(Ay 'VO.JjyxJ 


Lessons in Vertical Writing. 


(Thpso It'KsoUH bi^Knn 111 the .laiiuury, 18P7. number ot The Joril- 
NAi., and subscrlptiouu inuy start with that Issue ir desIreiL) 

No. a. 

Jtnitofltnirr «/' l'i'wj*cr I'ttsithtti. 

We are apt to give so much attention to writing 
vertically that we drift back into former ways of 
sitting, lioldiuf; the pen, etc. It is therefore thought 
beet to say a little more in regard to the im- 
portance of maintainini; a correct position. The 
arms shonld lie across the desk diagonally, as shown 
in illuatration No. 3. It will be noticed that the 
lines representing the forearms do not elope to the 
ri'jht and left respectively as much as they would 
it the position for slanting writing were indicated. 
This means that the'elbow.s should be kept near the 
body for vertical writing. It will be difficult to 
put this last suggestion into practice in many 
school-rooms ou account of tbe desks being flat and 
too high More will be said on the sub.iect later on 
iu the lessons. Endeavor to have the forearm and 
edge of the desk form about th^ same angle when 
the right side of paper is reached as there was 
when beginning tbe line. This is accomplishea by 
moving the arm to the right as explained in Janu- 
ary Journal. Until a good hand is established, the 

the same as the third and fourth fingers do. This, 
of course, cannot be done if the weight of the body 
is thrown forward on the arms. 

The rolling or rotary motion used is so important 
and so different from the hinge like action nsed in 
slanting writing that considerable practice should 
be put upon it. Practice exercise No. 2 in January 
Journal, making it some ot the lime about a third 
of the size given. 

The Cai)UH /vr This Lcisoii. 

The words given in this lesson are the movement 
exercises. If one does not write with a free move- 
ment, he should acquire it by practice upon the 
oval : then apply it first to these simple words, and 
then to more difficult ones. The words in tbe first 
line are not very difficult, as the broad turns are 
followed by upward strokes that curve to the right. 
If all the letters could be written with this motion 
or movement, we could write much faster and 
easier. In second and third lines we find tomething 
more difficult, as many of the downward strokes are 
followed by upward strokes that curve to the left. 
It should be constantly borne in mind that if your 
writing appears thin and angular, it is because 
enough rolary movement has not been used. Be 
careful not to use straight lines in the place of 
curved ones. 

is made on the followinc principle : A sheet of ground Klass. 
of suitable size, is set into a very firm, thin frame. This 
frame is hinged, so as to swine into another frame attached 
to the wall. This stationary portion is fitted with a back 
board, covered with black canton flannel, velveteen or serge; 
velveteen giving the best effect. When the swinging glass 
is pushed firmly into the frame it presses on the velveteen 
backing. The ground surface is, of course, outside. This 
makes a blackboard that may be u.sed either for crayons or 
lead pencil, as the case may be. There is also a white back, 
which may be used. Thin forms an admirable surface for 
colored crayons. If it is necessary to copy or practice in 
geometrical designs or flowers, sheets of paper containing 
them are placed lietween the backing and the glass, the out- 
lines showing through perfectly. This board has many 
advantages, and will probably be widely adopted.— Popular 
Sckiue News. 

Afuc-aimilc of handwriting may occasionally be used with 
good effect in an advertisement. It has the merit of con- 
spicuousness.— f nit/crs" Ink. 

Awards in Writing and Drawing Teaciiers' 
Association at Chicago. 

Under ciptiun, "Lafayette Schools iu the Van," a 
Lafayette, Xud., paper has the following to say about the 
school exhibits at the Chicago convention : 

'* Prof. J. H. Bachtenkircher has returned from Chi- 
cago, where he attended the sessions of the Writing and 
Drawing Teachers' .\asociation, of which organization he 
is president. Prof. Bachtenkircher ou Tuesday deliv- 
ered an address before the Federation of Commercial 
Teachers' Associations. The Writing and Drawing 

■> Q7V<C Ci£u.trmS 






School and Personal. 

— Among recent visitors to The Journal office were : 
H. C. Spencer, Cohoes, N. Y., Sch. of Bus. ; B. A. Peters, 
Prin. Com'! Dept., High School, Neiv Bedford, Mas^s. ; 
L. C. Horton, Stewart B. C, Trenton, N. J. ; P. B, Gib- 
son, Prin. Com'l Dept., Boys' High School, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. : J. G. Rider, tormerly o£ Eockford, 111., B. C, 
now representing Diamond Ink Co., Milwaukee, Wis. ; 
M. J. Connor, Actual B. C, Pittsburg. Pa. ; G. L. Har- 
rington, Harrington's B. C, Waterbury, Conn.; Harry 
E igle, Schissler Coll. of Bus., Norristown, Pa. ; Hcbart 
Webster, Elizabeth, N. J , High School ; J. T. Rose, 
Adelphi Acad., Brooklyn, N. Y'. ; E. M. Barber and Chas. 
M. Miller, Packard's B. C, New York ; W. H. Sadler, 
Baltimore, Md. 

— New schools lately brought to our notice are : Nor- 
mal B. C, Urbana, O., J. C. Steiner, Prin. and Propr. 

New York School of Bus. and Shorthand, r35th St. and 

5th Ave., New York City, F. E. Wood, Propr. School 

of Bus. and Shorthand, Tampa, Fla., L. M. Hatton, Mgr. 

Bliss B. C, Lynn, Mass., C. A. Bliss, Propr. ; W. J. 

Sanders, Prin. Williams Coll. of Actual Bus., 17 Fed- 
eral St.. Allegheny, Pa, T. M. Williams, Propr. 

Shelby, O , B. C, L. V. Stevens, Mgr. Cohoes, N. Y'., 

School of Bus. and Shorthand, H. J. King and H. C. 
Spencer, Props. ; E. L. Grandy, Prin. Birch Corre- 
spondence School, Oak Milts, Kan. Carlisle, Pa., C. C, 

Shaffer & McClure, Prins. Newton, N. J., B. C, A. 

H. Davenport, Prin. and Prop. 

— The following changes of name and management 
have recently taken place : T, M. Williams has, purchased 
the Actual B. C, Pittsburg. Pa., of which M. J. Connor 
and the late J. M. Phillips were Props. Mr. Williams 
will still conduct his Allegheny school. W. P. Gregory, 

A. L. McCiosky and W. J Trainer purchased at Sheriff's 
sale the outfit of the Williams B. C, Scranton, Pa., and 
have renamed the institution. College of Commerce, 
Messrs. McCiosky and Trainer were teachers in this insti- 
tution at the time of its failure. T. T. Wilson and C. E. 

Williams of the Wilson B. (.'., Brockton, Mass., have pur- 
chased and absorbed the Brockton B. C. and have 
changed the name of the combined institution to the 
Brocktou Bus. Univ. I. E. Dwyer. of the Brockton B. C, 

will be connected with the new'institution. A. J. Rider 

has purchased the interest of W. R, Ku^ler in the Rider 

B. C, Trenton, N. J. Mr. Kugler will retain his present 

position as secretary of the school. H. H. Cliilds, who 

lately purchased Prouty B. C, Athol, Mass., has changed 
the name to Childs* B. C. 

— The following institutions have closed ; Patterson, 
N. i.. B. C, (i. W. Latimer. Propr.; Buena Vista Coll., 
Storm Lake, la, ; Coll. of Com , Boone, la. ; Columbus, 
Ind., Bus. Univ. and Nor. ('oil. ; Wood's B. C, Girard- 
ville, Pa,, S. 1. Wood, Propr, 

— Vineyard Hall, one of the largest dormitories on Col- 
lege Hill, was burned to the ground January %\ together 
with the contents. The dormitory contained sixty suites 
of rooms, all being occupied by students of the Northern 
Ind. Nor. School, Valparaiso, Ind., who lost their belong- 
ings. .Some students were found in their rooms uncon- 
scious, and had to be carried out. The total loss was 
about JlK.nou ; insured for *8,4no. 

— P. F. Roose, vice-president of the Omaha, Neb., 
Commercial College, is pi-obably a member of more secret 
orders than any other busmess college man in America. 
He is a veritable " .iiner." For more than twelve years 

he has been prominently 
identified with the leadmg 
fraternities of this country. 
He was a member of the 
Nebraska Knights of Pyth- 
ias Grand Lodge for sis 
yeai-s. a member of the An- 
cient Order United Work- 
men (Neb.) Grand Lodge 
tor sis years. Second high- 
tst officer m the Modei'n 
Woodmen America for four 
years, and a member of the 
Supreme Camp for ten 
years. He also served on a 
number of important com- 
mittees in the Modern 
F. F. uoosE. Woodmen America. He 

.1. »r ». n ,. , . was secretary and treasurer 

of the Northern Relief Association two years • is associ- 
ate founder of the Woodmen of World, and has been its 
Supreme Banker since its organization. He was one of 
the founders of the \\ oodmen Circle and was Supreme 
Treasurer two years. He is co-founder of the Fraternal 
Union ot -America and served as Supreme Treasurer since 
its organization until recently, when he was elected pres- 
ident of the order. He has setved on committees and on 
the Board ot Directors of other organizations, and at all 
times has taken an active part in traming the laws and 
shaping the plans of the various organizations of which 
he IS a member. He is a Scottish Rite, also York Rite 
Mason. Mr. Roose has been prominently identified with 

various business and educational institutions, being 
founder of the Lincoln, Neb., Normal University. He is 
founder of the Lincoln Busmess College, and for eight 
years was its president and tor four years was president 
ot the Omaha Business College, and is still its vice-presi- 
dent, and vice-president of the Omaha Commercial Col- 
lege. He published the Nebraska's Ancient Order United 
\\ orkmen's official organ for sis years, and for twenty 
years has done more or less newspaper work. 

— E. T. Overend, Mgr. Spencerian B. C, Evansville, 
Ind., in a late letter, writes : " I consider The Journal 
the best paper on penmanship published, and it is cer- 
tainly the source from which has come the greater por- 
tion of the enthusiasm and spirit that is helping writing 
along to-day." 

— Hcakl's College Journal, published by Heald's B. C, 
San Francisco, Cal., has a column and a half report of the 
lecture on " Personahty in Handwriting," delivered by 
The Journal's Editor, m Heald's B. C, Wednesday 
afternoon, December 10th, It says : " The large audito- 
rium of the College was crowded on Wednesday after- 
noon, December Itith, with students, their friends, press 
representatives and others, to hear a lecture by Prof. 
Daniel T. Ames, the well-known penmanship expert of 
New York, and editor ot The Penman's Art Journal, 
on the subject, ' Personality in Handwriting.' More than 
usual interest was taken because of the knowledge that 
Mr. Ames had been engaged tor many weeks past, at the 
instance of the Fair heirs, in esamining the pencil will 
and deeds, said to have been written by the late Senator, 
by which a large amount ot property was devised to Mrs. 
Craven." The remainder of the article was substantially 
the same report as printed in the San Francisco dailies, 
quotation from which was made in the January number 
of The Journal. 

— From a Brockton, Mass., paper we quote the follow- 
ing ; " Prof. 1. E. Dwyer has abandoned his idea ot leav- 
ing Brockton, much to the gratification of friends, and 
has accepted a position at the Brockton Bus. Univ. Prof. 
Dwyer was educated at Des Moines, la., and is one of the 
most successful teachers of whom Brockton boasts. In 
his two years' residence here he has gained a number of 
friends, many of whom are young people who owe their 
success to his efforts as teacher in the business college." 

— In late letters C. P. Zauer has the following to say 
about The Journal : "The Penman's Art Journal is 
the leading penmanship paper on the globe. You know 
our sentiments, and you know we enjoy the way you are 
raking the one- idea methods ot some others. Keep to the 
front, by remaining in the broad daylight of liberality in 

— The Keeninq Wiseoiisin, Milwaukee, Wis., of Jan- 
uary 2d, under the caption ■' A Penman's Protest," de- 
voted a column and a half to a splendidly written article 
by A. L. Gilbert, of the Spencerian B. C. of Milwaukee, 
in opposition to vertical writing, which has lately been 
introduced into the Milwaukee Public Schools. Mr. Gil- 
bert combats many of the claims made by advocates ot 
the vertical. 

— C. M. Immel, an old time teacher ot penmanship and 
commercial branches, is now Recorder of Elkhart County 
Goshen. Ind. 

— On August 3.5, 189(1, was born to Mr. and Mrs. C 
A. Stewart, Huntsinger's Bus. Coll., Hartford, Conn., a 
daughter. Mane Lillian. 

— We have received photograph ot T. J. Cathey, 
Draughon's B. C, Texarkana, Texas. 

— " It is a source of great satisfaction to me to read 
your articles on the Wexteni Feniiiaii. Personally the 
editor 18 a good fellow, but he is a crank on muscular 
movement and his 'Budget.' He would have us to be- 
lieve that he was the first to advocate free movement, 
but I am sure the readers ot The Journal after study- 
ing the ' History of the Lewis-Carstairs Controversy,' 
Vfhich 1 see is to appear in The Journal soon, will com- 
pletely prick this bubble. And if you continue to hit him 
as you did in your last they will see that his argument in 
favor of his ' Budget ' (that is what it means) to take the 
place of the copybook, is a very poor substitute in the 
hands of the average teacher in our public schools. 
Gaskell 8 Compendium had its day, but they were short- 
ened when The Journal got after it." Thus writes D. 
.., ^''J^'lS^' Penman of the New Jersey State Normal 
.School, Trenton, N. J. 

— L. F. Myers, Pres't Lexington, Mo., B. C, reports a 
most encouraging growth of his school. He believes in 
high grade work. 

Moi'ementH of tin- Teachefs. 

pii '^.i.^'''''?? 'I '^'' ?«" penman of the Garvin Com'l 

V,9' ;l Terre Haute, Ind. P. N. Wenrich, recently with 

\\ illiams B. C., Sunbury, Pa., is now at his home. North 
Heidelberg, Pa.--— S L. Daugherty has charge ot the 
penmanship in the Y. M. C. A., Dayton, O. — -John W 
Manuel, formerly of Chicago and recently a Zanerian Art 
college student, is connected with the Scranton, Pa., B. 

\i V- '!■ Zanders, late of Becker's B. C, Worcester, 

,. ?i^' i^ ""^ ^"Y I'"°- of tlie B'iss B. C, Lynn, Mass.- - 
n'.fT;-f M-T' '^'^,?' '^"5'' ^- "^'■' "5- C., is now with the 
Detrmt, Mich B. U. If. C. Brewster, formerly pen- 
man of the Elmira, N.Y-., Coll. ot Com., has been spend- 
ing some months rusticating, and will endeavor to regain 
his health by itinerating through Pa. His present P O. 

f,?'?X* V ^^^!','°a'"!,' P"- ^- ^- Fiii'Ber, late of Peek- 

S' ' o 'u , 0-- ^<^?:'^< 's ^ow connected with St. John's 

Mil. School, Sing Sing, N. Y. E. L. Grandy of the 

Spencer la.. Nor. Inst., is now prin. ot the Cohoes, N. Y., 
.School of Business. W. R, Hayward, formerly of Char- 
lotte, N. C, C. C, and late of Aurora. Ill , B C is now 
prin of the commercial and elocution departments of the 
Chattanooga Tenn., Nor. Umv. M. E. Hansel, for- 
merly of Fishborne Mil. Acad., Waynesboro, Va is now 
prin. of the Stonewall School tor Boys, McDowell, Va. 

Mr. Starkey of Newark, N. J., has been engaged as the 
new teacher of commercial branches in the Columbia B. 

C, Paterson, N. J. S. E. Gutterridge is now connected 

with the Hayward B. C, St. Louis, Mo , and teaches pen- 
manhip, bookkeeping and arithmetic. F. Benton Miller 
teaches shorthand, typewriting and spelling in the same 
institution. Ernest W. Covell has charge of the pen- 
manship and commercial work in the Clinton Liberal In- 
stitute, Ft. Plain, N. Y. W. D. Clark is the new prin. 

of shorthand department of the River City B. C, Ports- 
mouth, 0. V. O. Stover, formerly ot Wood's Bus. Coll., 

Shenandoah, Pa., is now connected wilh Wood's B. C, 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. J. A. Willis, late prin. of the Au- 
burn, N. Y., B. C, has resigned and is taking a rest at 

Moravia, N. Y. R. B. Seymom, late with the Wood B. 

C, Pittston, Pa., is no longer connected with that insti- 
tution. W. C. Henning, recently with Wood's B. C, 

Easton, Pa., is now receiving his mail at Davison, Midi. 
W. L. Thomas, formerly of Salina, Kan., is now con- 
nected with the San Antonio, Tex., B. C. W. A. War- 

riner, formerly of Jamestown, N. Y., and Toronto, Ont., 

is now connected with the Albany, N. Y',, B. C. 1. M. 

Walker is President and O. A. Bosserman Vice-Pres. of 

the Hayward Coll. and Com'l School, Fairfield, 111. A. 

E. Hortenstein is the new penman of the Lexington. Mo., 

B. C. and Miss Maud Yates is assistant in Engiisb. 

W. H. Matthews is prin, and prop, of the Salem, O., B. C. 

Xeu- Crttalof/utis, St'hnol fTiiiirndfs, i:te, 

— The report of the thirtieth annual graduation exer- 
cises ot Pierce School, held in the Academy of Music, Sep- 
tember ISth, is a very interesting one, as it contains the 
portraits of speakers and a full report of what each one 
.said. Pierce School has been noted for many years for 
securing the best talent to be had for these exercises, an'l 
the reports which are sent out are usually treasured by 
the recipient, as they contain many practical talks. 

— Tbe catalogue ot Curry Bus. Coll. and School of 
Shorthand of Curry Univ., Pittsburg, Pa,, is handsomely 
printed on heavy plate paper, is well illustrated and has 
a cover embossed in blue and gold. 

— The McLachlan Bus. Univ., Grand Rapids, Mich., is 
sending out a little booklet, entitled " Christmas Greet- 
ings to the McLachlan Business University by the Em- 
ployers of its Pupils." Sisteen letters engraved /oc sijiu'ie 
from firms employing pupils from the fchool are given. 
They make the very best of advertising. The cover illus- 
trations are the work of penman A. D. Skeels ot the in- 

— A souvenir of the Actual B. C, Canton. O., contains 
a variety of work on plain, ornamental writing, flourish- 
ing, lettering, drawing, etc,, from the pens of the pen- 
men of the institution. 

— From W. H. Sadler and H. M. Howe, Baltimore, Md., 
we have received a very tasty calendar for 'Sir. It is em- 
bellished with handsome steel plate engravings. 

— The Melropnlitctii Bushiess College Mpssrnqer, issued 
by the Metropolitan B. C, Chicago, 111., is a very hand- 
somely printed 13- page paper. It contains some excellent 
advertising for the school and some good general read- 
ing, among other things being a lecture delivered by 
Lyman J. Gage, president ot the First National Bunk anil 
the incoming Secretary of the Treasury. 

— The lliisine.-is World, issued by the Detroit, Mich., B. 
U., is splendidly printed on heavy paper, and consists of 
eight pages and cover, is well illustrated throughout, and 
in addition to the advertising ot the school contains much 
general reading. 

— The catalogue of St. John's Military School, Sing 
Sing, N. Y., is a handsomely printed small document and 
reflects much credit on the institution. A. B. Furner, 
late ot Peekskill, is in charge ot the com'l dept. ot this 

— Other neat catalogues have been received from the 
following schools : Carlisle, Pa.. Com'l Coll. ; Passaic, 
N. J., B. C. ; Dallas, Texas, Com'l Coll. 

— Business college literature has been received from 
the following : Pontiac. Mich., B. C. ; Riley B. C, Bing- 
hamton, N. Y. ; Birmingham, Ala., B. C. ; Gaffey's 
Shorthand School, New Haven, Conn. 

— Well arranged college journals have come to hand 
from these schools : Shenandoah, Va., N or. Coll. ; Scran- 
ton, Pa., B. C. ; Little Rock, Ark., Com'l Coll. ; Iowa 
B, C, Des Moines, la. : Mt. Angel, Oreg., Coll. ; Sac 
City, Iowa, Coll. Inst. ; Queen City B. C;., Hastings, Neb. 

, Ohituaru. 

Sir Isaac Pitman, who arranged the system of short- 
hand writing now almost universally used, died January 
'23, 18«r, in London at the age ot 84. He was horn in 
Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England, on January 4th, 1813. 
When 13 years old he was obliged to leave school and he 
became an errand boy in the oMce ot a clothing manufac- 
turer. Six years later he entered the Normal College of 
the British and Foreign School Society in London. He 
was in this school but a few months, and in 1883 was ap- 
pointed master of an Episcopal academy, the British 
school at Bai-ton-on-Humber. He became a convert to 
the Swedenborgian taith, and was compelled to resign 
from the Barton school after four years. He established 
a school ot his own on a similar plan at Wotton under- 
Edge. His time was not fully occupied bv this enter- 
prise, and he became interested in shorthand writing by 
a book published by a man named Harding in 1823. 
Shorthand systems had been published in Great Britain 
ever since Timothy Bright, in 1588, brought out his " Char- 
aeterie, an Art of Short, Swift and Secret Writing by Char- 
acter." In 1.580 Peter Bales published " The Writing 


Schoolraaster in Three Parts." The multitude of sys- 
tems before Pitman's time was based upon these two ; 
few if any, of them were phonetic, and all were more or 
less ineffectual imitations of the methods that had been 
in use since the days of Demosthenes and Cicero. Our- 
ney's system is gt'ill used m reportiiiff the speeches in 
Parliament. Isaac Pitman published his " Stenographic 
Shorthand" in IMrjT. In 1H40 he brought out a book 
called " PhODOgrraphv ; or. Writing by Sound," m which 
he outlined his invention of the principles of phonetic 
writing. In !«:«» he went to Bath, where he taught 
school for four years, continuing induFtrunit-ly the study 
of phonetic writing. In 1843 he founded the Phonetic 
Society, and then the Phonetic Institute, which since 
then has been the publicatiou office for his many manuals 
and text books bearing upon his invention. For a long 
time he was obliged to (lo his own setting of phonographic 
types, aa it was almost impossible to obtain assistants 
who understood the meaning of the characters, or who 
could become accustomed to them even after much prac- 
tice. His most important publication on shorthand writ- 
ing is the " Phonographic Reporters' Companion," which 
appeared in 18."):j. His system was introduced into the 
United States in ls47 by S. P. Andrews and A. F. Boyle, 
and all the existing systems, including that of his brother, 
Benn Pitman, show the results of his invention and im- 
provement upon the methods iu use up to the present 
century. Sir Isaac was a steadfast believer in phonetic 
spelling retorm. which he always used in his correspond- 
ence. The concluding paragraph of a letter written by 
him to the London Thms in 1ST'.» presents a fair sample. 

tiuued this three years, when he became Principal of Fair- 
view Public Schools, where he remained three years. His 
first writing teacher was T. J. Risiuger, ITtica, N. Y. In 
connection with this work he organized ^uA taught 
classes iu jienmanship in neighboring towns. He then 


' I hav riteu mei leter fonetikali, az iz mei kustom," it 
runs, " and shul feel obleigd it it be aloud thus to appear 
in the Times.'" He was an indefatigable worker. It is 
sjiid that he worked at least ten and almost always four- 
teen hours a day for the fifty-seven years between 1837 
and iyi)4. In 1894 Queen Victoria knighted him. His 
body was cremated at Woking, England, January '28, 


Joseph M. Phillips, founder of, and associated with M. 
J. Conner in. the Actual Business College, Pittsburg, Pa., 
died suddenly iu that city on January 22. Born in 18-J5. 
he was one ol the oldest business educators in the United 
States, having been actively' engaged in the school room 
up to the time of his death. Mr. Phillips was very popu- 
lar with and widely known among the business educators 
of the old school, and was especially distinguished for kis 
tireless efforts in the cause of improvement in commer- 
cial school methods. He originated the title Actual Busi- 
ness College, under which name he conducted a school iu 
Baltimore, Md.. for twenty-five years, having been asso- 
ciated during that time, alternately, with O. K. Chamber- 
lain and E. K. Losier, respectively. Returning to Pitts- 
burg, his native city, he founded the Actual Business 
College in 1880, and prepared and published a work on 
book-keeping, based entirely ou actual practice, entitled 
the "Actual Business Accountant," which is still the 
basis of the commercial course of that school. 

Ab a teacher of book-keeping and business affairs he 
had few equals and no superior, and as a man he was 
highly educated and cultured. Those who knew him 
may bear witness that by his taking away the profession 
has lost one of its ablest, most honorable and distin- 
guished members, and the world at large a man who 
never intentionally placed a thorn in the pathway of his 
fellow mortal, h'equiescat in pace. 


New iork^ Januaf^/ ^5, 1S97. 

We!!-Known Supervisors. 


R. O. Waldrou was bornoua farm near Evans City, Pa., 
whore he spent his time at work during the summer and 
attendeil school during the winter months. At the age 
of thirteen he became a student, and from that time on 
has been working to broaden his field of knowledge. At 
the age ot eighteen began teaching in a country school, 
and went to school during the summer mouths. He con- 


taught writing two years, organizing elapses in his native 
county, when he was elected to the Principalship of Ems- 
worth Public Schools, and took a course in penmanship 
and business at Duff's College, Pittsburg, Pa., doing 
this work at.night. 

He nest went as Principal to the Swissvale Public 
School?, and from there to Bellevue Public Schools, at- 
tending Zanerian Art College during summer, organizing 
and teaching classes in penmanship during the winter. 
During summer of 1883 he taught in Witherspoon Inst., 
Butler, Pa., and in Prospect Acad, in the summer of 188.5 
Was then elected to supervise writing iu the schools of 
McKeesport, Pa., where he has been employed five 
years, being elected each time by a unanimous vote ot 
the Board of Education and an increase of salary each 
time but one. He has since spent two summers at the 
Zanerian Art College for improvement. He writes 
TheJoirnal: "I find that a knowledge of schools and 
the ways of children is an important factor in my work, 
and that one must be a student to be able to tell others 
how to learn. 1 have been a reader ot The Journal, 
and to it I owe much of what 1 am in the line of penman- 
ship. While I am now devoting most of my time in 
directing penmanship I keep in contact with all lines of 
school work." 

Mr. Waldron also has charge of the Commercial De- 
partment in the High School of McKeesport, and con- 
ducts classes in Penmanship and Arithmetic at the Y. M. 
C. A. The Supt. of Schools has warmly commended 
his work. 

Normal School Penmen. 


L. M. Kelchner wa.s born iu 1801, in Light Street, Colut 
bia County, Pa. Until his eighteenth year he worked ( 

afforded. The next five years of his life, save a portion 
of the winter of 1884, he spent in a flour mill. It was 
during the winter of 1884 that he first became interested 
in penmanship, pen art and drawing. It was then that 
he resolved to become an expert penman. His first active 
work as a teacher ot penmanship wa.s in a commercial 
college in Cleveland, Ohio. Here he remained ^for two 
and one-half years, finally resigning his position to be- 
come one of the equal proprietors of the Zanerian Art 
College, where he remained until December, 1801, when 
he disposed of his interest in the Zanerian and accepted a 
position as teacher of penmanship and pen art in the High- 
land Park Normal College at Des Moines, Iowa. This 
position he resigned in September, 1895, to accept an offer 
from the proprietors of the Northern Illinois Normal 
School, to take charge of one of the departments of the 
school— the Northern Illinois College of Pen Art and 
Drawing. His work in the last named school ha.s been 
wonderfully successful. He has charge of the general 
penmanship classes, as well as the special department. 
Mr. Kelchner is a copper plate writer, and is equally at 
home iu business, ornamental and vertical writing. In 
flourishing, lettering and drawing, his work has attracted 
much attention. The portrait of him shown here- 
with is a reproduction of a pen drawing made by him- 
self. He is an enthusiastic teacher, a loyal friend, a 
refined gentleman and his students' ideal. 

l. m. kelchner. 
bis father's farm, and his early educational training was 
only what the facilities of the public schools of the town 

Editorial Comment. 

State Supervision of Private Schools. 

In 1892 a law was passed by the New York Legis- 
lature reading as follows : 

Prohibitions. No Individual, association or corporation 
not holding university or college degree-conferring powers 
by special charter from the Legislature of this State or from 
the resents, shall confer any degrees, nor after January I, 
18U3, shall transact business under, or in any way assume, 
the name university or college, till it shall have received 
from the regents under their seal written permission to use 
snch name, and no such permission shall be granted by the 
regents, except on favorable report after personal inspec- 
tion of the institution by an oflBcer of the university. 

This law has been enforced except in the case of 
business schools. Beginning January 1. 1897, biisi- 
ness, shorthand and similar schools shall not be per- 
mitted to use the name college or university. Care- 
ful examination of the constitution and statutes of 
the State by expert lawyers shows that there can 
be no doubt of the full authority of the regents to 
make this ordinance. 

This matter is of so much importance to the pri- 
vate schools not only of New York State, but of the 
United States, that we have decided to give the 
matter some little space in this issue of The 

We have secured from Melvil Dewey, secretary 
of the Board of Regents, and of the State Univer- 
sity, a report of the conference between the regents 
and the business college committee of seven. Fol- 
lowing is Mr. Dewey's report: 

Regents Office, Albany. N. Y.. Dec. 30, IKfKi. 
BuNliieMs Colleges. 
The conference committee appointed at the national con- 
vention of business educators, held in Buffalo in July, met 
with the vice-chancellor, secretary and director of exami- 
nations in the regents ofiBce. November ^5, at !).30a.m., and 
were in session all day except an hour for lunch. The seven 
members of the committee hal been carefully chosen as best 
representing the sixty and more business schools in the State 
ot New York. They presented with great skill the argu- 
ments in favor of the present system and the present 
names. The conclusions were reached with entire unan- 
imity on both sides, but only after much examination and 
discussion of the history, methods, conditions and statistics 
of our business schools. The Bureau of Education furnished 
the general statistics for the entire country, and fresh 
tables for the conference had been compiled by the regents 
office from reports received within a month. While the 
committee cogently urged the claims because of investment 
in plant and of property interests, every member admitted 
that the general educational interests of the State should 
be considered first and that by the plan finally agreed upon 
they would be conserved without serious interference with 
the personal interests involved. The following conclusions 
were reached : \ 

1. That for the encouragement of schools which are ear- 
nestly trying to elevate the standards of business education 
in this State, the regents shonld open a register as they do 
for private academic schools, so that the public may know 
which institutions are maintaining proper standards and 
have facilities for doing the full work. 

2. As the only practicable means of protecting the best 
schools from unworthy competition, the regents themselves 
should prescribe the minimum retjuirements for a business 
diploma^and should issue such diploma based on examina- 
tions prescribed by them. This diploma should require a 
preliminary general education as fixed by the new ordi- 
nances and a full two-year court-e of technical study, or not 
less than LOOO hours of actual instruction. This would en- 
courage higher standards by offering to sound business 
education oflScial recognition similar to that already 
granted by the universities of Oxford and Cambridge in 

'^t^e/i/na/v^ Qyfit'OJ^u.uia.CP 

their local examinations. No candidate will be eligible for 
the examination for a State business diploma who has not 
previously completed the prescribed course in a busini-ss 
school reffistered by the reKente. Business schools may 
themselves issue graduation certificates to those who com- 
plete either the regular commercial or shortliand course. 
College and academy graduates in increasing numbiTs wish 
special technical business training, and the proposed bvisi- 
ness diploma would be a sure means of dignifying business 

y. In order to establish a standard and recognize the 
fuller instruction given in connection with the thorough 
preparation of stenographers and amanuenses, the regents 
are asked to isane a shorthand or amanuensis certificate 
which shall not be granted for mere mechanical skill in 
shorthand and typewriting, but shall be based on an exam- 
ination covering not only the above subjects, but also those 
parts of the study of English necessary to proper prepara- 
tion of an amanuensis or shorthand writer. The regents 
examinations now given in law, medicine, dentistry, veter- 
inary suj-fjery and public accounting nave materially im- 
proved teaching in those sub.iecta. and the public has learned 
that the regents credentials are the best evidence of pro- 
ficiency, and it is thought that this would be the result of 
similar examinations in shorthand, typewriting and collat- 
eral subjects. 

i. That the regents be asked to add to their present exam- 
inations in stenography a test of iL'a words a minute. 

5. That no registration is needed for the schools which do 
not have full business courses, but are devoted chiefly to 
stenography and typewriting. The proportion of their 
students which secure an amanuensis certificate would serve 
the same purpose in proving the efficiency of the instruction 

(1. That the registered business schools should include only 
those which have not less than six competent teachers 
giving full time to the school, which offer a satisfactory 
two-year course (or 1,000 hours of actual instruction) in 
preparation for a regents diploma, and have adequate busi- 
ness school equipment, for which the minimum should be 
$5.0[K», not including buildings and ordinary fixtures. 

7. That the best intere.sts of business education will be 
served by discontinuing the use of the name college or uni- 
versity, as prescribed by the recent ordinances. It was 
agreed that the new rule might fairly go into effect January 
1, as voted, if schools were allowed to use up (without ex- 
pense of reprinting I their present stock of catalogues, circu- 
lars, blanks and other printed matter containing the old 
names, provided they gave assurance that in all new print- 
ing the name college or university would be omitted as the 
present title of the school. The small schools could easily 
change their names at once. For the larger schools this 
change would involve more trouble, but it was decided 
better to have the ordinance take effect on the date fixed, 
with the understanding that no school should, before the 
end of this university year, July 1, 1897, be subjected to 
penalties for violation of law if it was in good faith prepar- 
ing to complete the required change as rapidly as practica- 
ble without undue labor or expense. 

K. After much discussion, it was agreed that schools which 
had for 20 or more years been widely advertised under their 
present names, and which were drawing students largely 
from other States and countries, ought in fairness to be 
allowed a longer time in which to acquaint their wider con- 
stituency with the proposed change. 

!i. That the regents be asked to modify the ordinance 
passed pending this conference so that it should read as t'ol- 

"Business, shorthand, typewriting' and similar schools 
shall U(tt be permitted after January 1, 1897, to use the name 
college or university, but written permission to continue the 
use of the name beyond that date may, for satisfactory 
cause, be granted to schools which are registered by the 
regents as now having experienced teachers and adequate 
equipment, and as offering the full business diploma course." 

On recommendation of the Institutions Committee : 

Votvd. That the recommendations of the conference of 
business school principals of the State be approved and 
adopted by the regents, and that the ordinance passed at 
the last meeting pending this conference be modified as re- 
quested. Mei.vil DeW];y. Secretary. 

For years The Journal has believed that it 
would be better for business schools to call them- 
selves by some other titles than "college" and 
" university." 

The minimum requirements for State business 
diploma do not seem unreasonable considering the 
great honor and benefits accruing to the holder of 
such a diploma. It will be no great hardship for 
business schools to maintain two courses— one lead- 
ing up to the State diploma, the other furnishing a 
briefer preparation for business. 

The requirements of sectiou we think unreason- 
able and uniust to a large number of small schools 
doing good work. The number of teachers is no 
guarantee of the et^ciency of the teachers or of the 
work being done by the school. Nor is it necessary 
to have an equipment of $5,000 in order to do good 
work. In fact, many of the small schools with one 
to four teachers and having an equipment of but 
Si. 000 to §2,000 in value, do just as good work as 
larger schools with more teachers and a larger 
equipment. Garfield said that a university for him 
was Mark Hopkins on one end of a log and himself 
on the other. 

There is a feeling among the proprietors of the 
smaller schools of the State that the committee of 
seven did not protest strongly enough against 
section (I. 

A 5chool Principalis Protest. 

Editor Penman's Art Journal : 

Have you received a report of the proceedings at Albany 
November 25, when seven of our York State Business College 
men met with Secretary Dewey and others of the State 
Department, and formulated a set of rules regarding the 
continuance of business colleges and universities in this 
State •> 

This is the smallest piece of business ever undertaken by 
our brother educators. Their talk all along has been to 
" Raise the standard of work," which is all right, and to 
which I have said, "Amen" in a communication to the 
Regents' Secretary in reply to questions as to whether or 
not I favored such a move. 

But they spoiled what might have been a good work by in- 
corporating two " Conclusions" as they call them, away at 
the last, so unreasonably in favor of the large schools that 
it puts a bad complexion on the whole work. Would send 
copy of the report, but mine is now in the hands of a Senator 
at Albany. 

After having arranged the " Standard," fixing the length 
ot courses, settling the matter of examinations, the issuing 
of diplomas, etc., they capped the climax by running in a 
sort of a freeze-out clause, or Conclusion, which reads some- 
thing like this : " Schools not having S-'j.OOO equipments, and 
at least six teachers, cannot register, and will not be recog- 
nized by the Regents office." And the schools not accepted 
by this ofiJce must not use the name " college " or " univer- 
sity." If so named they must change at once. Following 
this in Conclusion No. 8 is more in favor of the representa- 
tives who 80 ably defended their own interests, instead of 
the Interests of the business schools of the State, as they 
would make us believe. This No. 8 grants all schools that 
have been establi&hed 20 years one year's grace in which to 
bring their work up'to the mark— and, of course, the seven 
schools represented at this conference have all been on earth 
more than the required I'O years. 

But the rest of us, no matter if our work is many degrees 
above that of the big concerns, must be cut off short and 
without evenlone day's grc.ce— for the simple reason that we 
haven't a S'l.OOn equipment and a faculty of six teachers. In 
fact, the main object was lost sight of entirely when they 
turned this new light on, and which is probably their true 
aim from the beginning. 

Brother Packard cannot be very proud oE his record or he 
would naturally have furnished your ofiSce with a copy of 
the proceedings ere this. Their action is so ridiculously un- 
fair that it cannot and will not miss the attention of our leg- 
islators and law makers. 

It would he just as reasonable to refuse a citizenship be- 
cause the applicant did not own Jd.OUO worth of real estate, or 
to prohibit a voter from casting a ballot because he might 
not be worth $5,000. 

Unless I increase my business, I do not need to add a dollar's 
worth to my equipment, and L do not need more teachers, 
except I hire four or five cheap ones to take the place of two 
or three scholarly, compelcut instructors. Because I prefer 
to do a thoroughly honest and strictly private high grade 
work, must I be placed in a lower or " Number 2 Class," 
while others in the same line of business-not doing any 
better work— are honored by the State Department, simply 
because they have a larger business, and necessarily a larger 
equipment and faculty V 

And to change the name of my school means an expense of 
several hundred dollars, and I candidly believe that it would 
damage my business the first year to the extent of from $600 
to $1,000, for the general public would interpret it, and very 
naturally, too, as a change from N o. 1 to No. 2 rank. 

I have been doing a high grade work for years; minding 
my own business, paying my bills, etc., but I promise the 
schemers in this action, whoever they are, a good exposure 
if it costs me a thousand dollars and a year's work. 
Yours very truly, 

E. D. Westurook. 
Prin. Westbrook Com'l Coll., Clean, N. Y. 

The Regents and Jtitsttiess Schools. 

To THE Editor op the Penman's Art Journal: 

Sir : You have asked for my opinion of the present status 
of the Board of Regents touching the rights, privileges and 
requirements of the Business Schools of this State. I may 
not fully understand it, but have no hesitation in stating my 
understanding, such as it is. 

First, I am clearly of the opinion that neither the Board of 
Regents nor the Legislature have any fight commer- 
cial schools of whatever kind or pretensions ; but I do think 
that the loose way in which the work has been done in some 
schools, and the extravagant inducements which they have 
held out have somewhat prejudiced the public, and espe- 
cially those who have not the means of discrimination, 
against all schools that teach the purely commercial 
branches. I am not at all sure that any member of the 
Board of Regents or its excellent and active Secretary, Mr. 
Dewey, partake in any degree of this prejudice. From my 
knowledge of them, I should say not. I do know, however, 
that under its present management, the Board is determined 
to do what has hitherto failed to be done, so classify the 
educational enterprises and interests of the State as to bring 
them, in some determinate form, under the supervision, or 
at least within the recognition, of the State University. 
Perhaps a bptter statement would be that the Regents desire 
to so shape the educational activities as to be able to present 
to the world a symmetrical plan of education within a com- 
monwealth, so interdependent and co-working as to comprise 
alt educational enterprises in such apt adjustment as will 


secure the best interests of the citizens and of the State. 
Such a system must begin at the bottom and go to the top. 
It must have not only its branches or departments clearly 
defined, but its nomenclature as wdl. A " grammar school " 
must mean a certain thing in education; a "high school" 
a certain other thing; a " college " still another, etc. 

So far as the control of private schools is concerned, the 
Board will always labor under difiiculties, even if it is able 
to do much beyond mere suggestion. What may seem to 
some to be an attack upon Business Colleges relates, as I 
think, almost wholly to the name " College." For reasons 
which are honestly held it has been conceived that a school 
devoted to a specialty, and not to general culture, should not 
be permitted to call itself a college, or university. And this 
seems, in some .'^ense, to be the opinion of the eminent gentle- 
men comprising the Board of Regents : and in accordance 
with that view they procured the enactment of a law in 1803 
providing, among other things, that " no individual, assooia- 
tion or corporation not holding university or college degree 
conferring powers by special charter from the Legislature 
of this State, or from the Regents, shall confer any degrees, 
nor. after January 1. 1893, shall transact business under, or 
in any way assume, the name university or college, till it 
shall have received from the Regents under their seal 
written permission to use such name : and no such permis- 
sion shall be granted by the Regents, except on favorable 
report after personal inspection of the institution by an 
officer of the University." 

Although this law is not necessarily aimed at Business 
Colleges exclusively, it clearly embraces them in its prohib- 
itions : and while the majority of these institutions that for 
the past 20 or 30 years have worked under the name College 
will find it inconvenient and in many ways disadvanta- 
geous to adopt a new name, none of them can object to the 
prohibition against conferring degrees, for the simple reason 
that no degrees are ever attempted to be conferred. It is 
the custom, however, for most of the schools to award cer- 
tificates, which are generally called " diplomas," but which 
are never ornamented with a "seal," or pretend to be more 
than a mere testimonial of acquirement. So far as the use 
of the word " college " is concerned, the only tenacity which 
any of the schools have for it is its undisturbed use for so 
many years. I do not know of a single owner of a business 
college who cares anything about the name, as such, or who 
would contend for its continued use except on the ground 
named. The most vigorous and creditable of the schools 
who use the name College have made of it so purely a desig- 
nation of their business that it has become a vested prop- 
erty ; and to be forced to abandon it for any other title 
would be hardship and injustice that would not be attempted 
against any other legitimate business; and the forced 
abandonment of the name could not be otherwise than 
damaging. It is not necessary here to contend for the right to 
use the name on the ground of its definition; but it would be 
very easy to show that the objections to its use are wholly 
unfounded so far as those objections relate to the better or 
broader use of it by institutions of liberal culture. Nobody 
is ever misled by the term Businesti College or Cnmmercial 
College, and no reflection can ever he cast upon Colleges of 
the Liberal Arts by the inefficiency or charlatanry of so- 
called "colleges" that use the restrictive adjective. One 
might just as truthfully assume that any " school " in the 
land would be disgraced because some other school failed of 
its duty. Thet-e is no sacredness in, nor should there be any 
exclusive right to, the use of the word college. It is used 
with perfect propriety and acceptableness in a hundred 
different connections, and will continue to be so used while 
the world stands. 

Touching the requirements which must inevitably result 
in drawing the line between schools that do little and those 
that do more, it is only necessary to .say that nothing that 
the btegents or anybody else may do to mark this distinction 
will ever be acceptable to those who are placed on the wrong 
side of the line. Any rule having this end in view must be, 
in some ways, arbitrary, and may be, so far as Individuals 
are concerned, uneven in its application ; but that is the 
condition of all law, and it must be endured for the general 
goad. For instance, uo one for a moment imagines that the 
insistence on an equipment of $5,000, the employment of six 
teachers, and a course of instruction covering 1,000 hours 
will secure an efficient school; and yet the University has 
found in an experience of 100 years that this i.s one way, 
and a good one, to guard against pretense. This rule was 
not enacted to apply to business schools, but is adopted by 
the Regents in order to place business schools on a footing 
with all other schools embraced in the University plan. 
Probably no requirement will cause more ' ' kicking " among 
the small schools; but the Secretary clearly indicates 
that no invidious distinction is Intended, and no infer- 
ence drawn that schools that cannot come up to these re- 
quirements are not worthy of support. When Garfield said 
that the best university he could conceive was "a log with 
President Hopkins on one end and an appreciative student 
on the other," he expressed a sentiment that the Regents 
with all their hard requirements would indorse. The only 
difficulty is to find the President Hopkins and the apprecia- 
tive students. 

But putting aside the question of titles and arbitrary re- 
quirements, it is safe to say that in the matter of improving 
the work and efficiency of the business schools, the Regents 
will have no more zealous or efficient helpers than the 
schools themselves. Aside from the few plague spots that 
occasionally appear— and that are incident to all enterprises 
—the business schools of this State are progressive, both in 
feeling and in fact ; and I am sure that there is a most 
cordial sentiment concerning the recent activity of the 
Regents ; the only fear being that, as in the past, so in the 
future, the Regents, with all their solicitude, will never 
know, by actual investigation what the business schools are 
teaching, or whether they are worthy or unworthy to use 
the name " College," or any other name tliat signifles educa- 
tion. And as the law requires that before they are author- 
ized to issue " written permissions " to use certain titles, a 
favorable report must be had " after personal inspection of 



the Institutron by an officer of the Univereity," the tktas »-- 
mo.t foar l> that Bomo ot UB may have to wait for onr cer- 
tlflcatos hinger than will be convenient. However. >*•'» "rt 
hoiii'ful. and under all tho circumstances, it seems sure that 
a movement ha, been maugnrated that w,ll work to the 
la.,ting advanta«e, not only of the commeroal BchoolB, but 
of education generally. And tor all this substantial good, 
no one deserves greater credit than the far-seeing and effi- 
cient Secretary of the Board ot Regents. 

>, another chanuiug 
apped mountaingi. 


r YoiiK, January 39. 1«9". 

An English paper reports the discovery of a real Mrs. 
Partington She walked into the office of the judge of 
probate and inquired : " Are you the judge of repro- 
bates?" " I am the judge of probate," was the reply. 
" Well, that's it. I expect," (juoth the lady. " Vou see, 
my husband died detested, and lett me several little in- 
fidels, and I want to be appointed their executioner." 

Royalty's Tastes in Typewriters. 

The Queen objects to typewritten documents, and none 
are to be sent out typewritten which are supposed to 
emanate from the sovereign. The Czarina, on the other 
hand, is having made a machine with type bars of gold 
and trome set with pearls.— iady'-f Itctorial. 




Venice in full of surprises, und we were all excited over 
the place. The seusatioa of traveling on streets of water 
is both novel and exhilarating. 

The gondoliers exercise great skill in the handling of 
their long boats. Especially is this noticed in the short 
turns they are forced to make 
in going from one street to 
another. The gondolier stands 
in the exti'eme stern of the 
boat, and with a single long 
oar manages it without appar- 
ent effort. 

We fed the sacred pigeons in 
the Piazza St. Marco. In the 
Doge's Palace we saw the 
largest painting in the world, 
an immense canvas that cov- 
ered the entire side of the 
building; went in dungeons 
under Palace, the fearful places 
where prisoners were kept 
awaiting execution; saw stair- 
ways on the Bridge of Sighs 

train for Porlezza, on Lake Luguo 
sheet of water nestled among snow-t 

We will never forget our 
walks about Porlezza ou 
Lake Lugano. That beau 
tiful moonlight night that 
we rowed on the lake, and 
then went around to the 
Market Place and sat down 
among the people of the 
town, at the little tables 
scattered about the squaie 
and ate the ices or drank 
the wine and beer and 
listened to the baud that 
was playing sweet catchy 

airs unfamiliar to us. No one can quite, understand the 
novelty of such an experience without going through it. 
There we were among people speaking a foreign tongue 
and enjoying themselves in their own way, and we could 
simply ait there and listen to them. Fortunately we 
were well equipped as regards making ourselves under- 
stood, even if we could not always carry on an extended 
conversation, as one of our party spoke Italian, one 
German and three French. It is a most important thing 
to be able to speak French. It will save you a great deal 
of work and worry. 
People will tell you 
that there is always 
some one around that 
can speak English. 
Yes, that is right. At 
the hotels you can 
always be helped 
along, but what will 
you do when you get 
in the suburbs or even 
around the city? We 
have often been where 
not one person could 
understand us. French 
is spoken all over the 
From Porlezza we went to Ponto 
Tresa, then to Luino, on Lake 
Maggiore. These Italian lakes are 
indescribably beautiful. The train 
and beat trips that you have to 
make to go from one lake to another 
are very interesting. Those high 
climbs over the mountains by rail 
and the restful sails on the lakes 
\vill always remain as pleasant 
memories. Isola Bella, that lovely 
island in the lake, with its Palace 
_ and gardens full of every variety of 
cy,^^^^^^^- tree, was much enjoyed. 

From the Grand Hotel. Pallanza, on Lake Maggiore. the 
Diligence transferred us to Gravolona. thence by rail to 
Dommodossola, where we engaged seats ou the Diligence 
and started on our trip over the Simplon Pass. After a 
grand mountain ride we reached Simplon Village and 
registered at the Hotel de Post. Within a short distance 


whero political and civil 
prisoners went from Court 
never to return; visited 
Church of Giovannie Paolo. 
The splendid interior is rich 
in paintings, mosaics, etc. 
St. Mark's Church ranks 
among the fine churches of 
the world. It contains 
more mosaics than any church we have seen excepting 
St. Peter's. 

We went to Lido, the ('oney Island of Venice. This is 
ou the Adriatic Sea, and is a fine place for bathing. The 
view across that sea, with the many-colored sails scat- 
tered about, the ever-changing hue of the water, made 
doubly beautiful by the setting sun, was a sight never to 
be forgotten. 

From Venice we went to Milan and feasted our eyes on 
the wonderful cathedral. The magnificent pile of marble 
wits hundreds of years in building, and is considered the 
finest cathedral in the world. 


Bellagio, ou Lake Como, was our next stopping place. 
Here we were in sight of snow-capped mountains and 
surrounded with the grandest scenery. Italian villas 
whose gardens full of roses, palms and exquisite flowers 
stretched out to the lake. It was with much regret that 
we left Lake (.'omo. 

We sailed up the lake to Meuaggio, and there took the 

of our house were snow and ice in large quantities, and it 
was so cold that we were all glad to keep within doors. 

Continuing our ride next day we passed through snow 
drifts and over perilous places where the road carried us 

y^^ Z>--/-/^A<:fi. ^ 

and finally reached Brieg, wliere we took the train to 
Martigny, passing through the Valley of the Rhone. 

Prom Martigny we went by Diligence to Chamouix, an 
all-day trip, passing over the Tete-Noir Pass. Here it 
was we alighted from the Diligence, and gathering up 

the snow, n)ade balls and threw them at each other. A 
little further on the road we picked the Alpine rose, a 
circumstance that illustrates the quick transition from 
bleakness to beauty. All this in the month of Jxme. 

The experience of riding in those Diligences for so many 
days was one that I consider the most delightful of all. 
Charles Dudley Warner speaks of the diligences in his 
book called " Saunteriugs." 

Our hotel faced Mont Blanc, and we were within a 
short distance of the " Glacier des Bossons." 


The next day we spent by the aid of donkeys in explor- 
ing the celebrated Glacier " Mer de Glace." This was 
the hardest of any of our journeys. We rode for two 
hours or more until we had gained the summit of Mount 
Montanvert. Here the guides conducted us down the 
side of the mountain, where after walking through snow 
for quite a distance we reached the Glacier and walked 
over the hilly and slippery ice to the opposite side. We 
had to jump over deep crevices in the ice. It was very 
necessary that you kept your eyes about you. as it would 
have been a serious matter to fall in one of those places. 

After gaining the other side of the mountam our trip 
lay over rough and narrow paths to the " Mauvais-Pas.'' 
This Pass is a dangerous 5ne, as it is right down the side 
of the mountain. We had to exercise the greatest care 




in going along, but the danger made it all the more inter- 
esting to us young people. 

After a long walk we reached our donkejs and pursued 
our return journey. It is much harder going down hdl 
than up, and many times our donkeys stood almost ou 
their heads, much to the discomfort of their rider.a. 
When we reached the foot of the mountain, the moon 
was out and we could see the Summit House on Mont 
Blanc. We had an uninterrupted view of the grand 
mountain from the base to summit, and the moou shining 
on the snow with the blue sky as a background was a 
sight of impressive grandeur. The followmg day was 
clear, and we viewed the mountain in all its glory. This 
is something that is not accorded every oue, as many 
times the mountain is enveloped in clouds and it is impos- 
sible to see more than half way up. Tourists sometimes 
stay a week at Chamonix without seeing Mont Blanc. 
(7'o be continued.) 

Invisible Ink. 

Is there an ink which when first written is visible, but 
soon fades so it cannot be read, the oppoaite of the sympa- 
thetic or secret ink ? 

Most of the *' vanishing inks " depend for their action on 
the coloration of a solution of starch by Iodine and on the 
subsequent evaporation of the iodine, leaving the starch 
colorless. Dextrine is starch changed to gum by heat. One 
formula is : 
Mix Parts. 

Sulphuric ether 3U 

Alcohol 5 

Dissolve therein 

Iodine 10 


Dextrine fl-» 

Dry in a dark, cool place. For use, dissolve a little in a 
sufficient quantity of water.— Duval M. Chomhich, in Popu- 
lar Science. 

Writer's Cramp. 

Dr. Pelshuo states that this and allied muscular affections 
are induced by the use of too small a penholder. Many of 
the penholders in common use are too small to allow a firm 
grip to be t^ken. and the result is that the fingers close down 
tightly in au effort to hold the pen securely, and the lung 
tension results in cramp. IE men who write habitually will 
use a penholder three or four times as large as those gen- 
erally employed they will never have trouble with their 
fingers or wrist. A good way to enlarge the penholder is to 
take a bit of flexible india rubber tubing, which can be bad 
from any druggist, and place it on the holder. This both 
gives a larger stem and affords an agreeably soft surface, 
which does not need to be grasped very tightly-or, in other 
words, which does not tend to slip. 

Where He Lies. 

' Here lies George Washington, 


•e^ Ol.34^ir^Ct^aI&llU 

The JounSAL In publlHhea In two editions: 

TiiK Pksmas'8 Art Journal, ao pages, subscription price, 50 cent 
a .veor, r> cents a number. 

Thk Pesma.v'8 Art ,iour."(al. News Editiox, 24 pages, subscrlptlo 
price, %\ n year, 10 cents a number. 

Both editions are Identical except four added pages of News ani 
Miscellany In the News Edition. All Instruction features and advei 
ttsciiwn(s.-»iiIJC.-.r In 1 

^ I I I 1 1- 1' I s 1 1 s —30 cents per nonpareil line. $2.50 per Inch. 
' " ' I'lmtfi for term and space. Special estimates 

f' niTi. No advertisement Ijiken for less than S'.^. 

lliMt.lii.u ,ii Ix'iiulil'ul nnd iisernl booka nrc Ii8li!4l in 
out ii; 11 hiMiK iiiid preuiiuni ealaloitiic, with conibinnlion 
fates in conuecliou with " Journni" Hnbscriplioni«, both 
now and renewals, hiukIo nnil in ctnbH. As we itivc the 
MUhacriberbcncGt oftlie inrveat whoirsnie reduction on 
tlic booItN in connection with the combination oiler, it 
Ireiiiiently happens that be in enabled to obtain bonk 
and paper at cnnaidcrnbly lesM than the book alone 
Monid cost of any denier. It will pay aay iulelliEent 
person to send a two-cent stamp for this cntnlofine, 
ftlnny valuable siisrsreHtioas lor presents. 


ill be necessary to uive old ns well as new address 
nriiidinit vhiiofes hereafter. We should be 
ed one iiioiilli in ndvniice of any change in ad- 
, Olberwine nrrnnitenienls should be made to 
yonr .)«>l KNAIj forwarded. 

The Business College and Private School 

From verbal and written reports from about 1,500 
out of the 3,000 private schools reached by The 
Journal we are able to get a fairly accurate view 
of the business for this far in tlie present year. 

First of all, let us say that there is a wide vari- 
ance in the reports from the same classes of schools 
in the same sections. Some have the largest attend- 
ance in their history, others the smallest attendance. 

In other sections of the country local conditions 
have boomed or depressed business, as the opening 
of new factories on the one hand and the failure of 
crops and banks on the other hand. 

Bat after sifting out these exceptions and local 
views, we have as a residuum that the attendance is 
not quite so large as during '96, nor are receipts so 

The outlook for '97. while it is not particularly 
bright, can hardly be worse than at this time in '96. 

On the whole, there is a buoyant and hopeful feel- 
ing for '97, and with this spirit pervading all classes 
and sections it will take more than has yet tran- 
spired to discourage private school proprietors. 

Charlatanry Pure and Simple. 

To THE EditoK ok the PeXJIA.\'s AuT Joi-RXAL : 

Sir ; I enclose you a rare bit of advertising, that you 
may read it aud drop it in your wastebnsket. Possibly 
the same advertisement may he In your paper, in which 
case, of course, no business man would expect you to 
" rail " against the advertiser. But even in that case 
possibly you may let me do so, albeit the chances are 
that nobody will be benefited by what I may say. The 
engagement of the advertiser is to teach any person who 
mayapplj', and pay $."i, shorthand "in 20 easy lessons," 
and secure the victim a position " paying ^10 weekly." 

Now, 1 presume there is no way ot punishing this hum- 
bug ot humbugs, who is as culpable of crime as is the 
" green goods " or the •• gold brick " swindler ; and that 
whatever may be said, publicly or privately, the innocent 
victims will continue to be lured by this trap, aud the 
swindler will continue to pocket his greenbacks 

A Profession for Only $5.00. 

Shi.ithnii.l ill 3i cBsy lessons l'<ir onlv SSHl. if vim 
start at our scIhkiI ne.xt week, moruimr or atternooii. 
you position paying- 810.0U weekly. Try 
"■■ *' — ^- , may never luive this 


and laugh in his sleeve at the gullibility ot the public. It 
is oven supposable that this letter-should von publish it 
— will bs the innocent means ot inducing some fellow to 
perpetuate the devices of a sharp swindler. 

XT <- XT , ''^ ^- Packar"). 

New \ oRK, November 20. 

unand QyfiOoJvutnaCi> 

The Journal's Guard of 

nboiit the I hill' I It at I Ik- Ilii«h\vltnokniK <'anipaiiin 
nicniiiNf TIIK .lOI IINAI, iroi laiilj imiliT way) over 
iii^w 7.000 Mitli»i-i'i|iii»iir< ill <-liih>< Iiiivf been nddvd to 
THE ,101UNAI/S list*. Tilts*- snlistriulious raiiic in 
nboiit five liiiiiilii'd wepHiiite clubs, nnd represeni the 
cUnrls of probably 1.50O to ti.OOO diflprent nchool pro- 
prietors aud inachers. Tbis Icnvet^ ont of »«iKbt nil 
pi-t'viuiiMcliibbinK rnordM in lbc> hiHtory of i>cninniief>hlp 

The sab.ioiued list inclacles also about 1,500 club- 
bing subscriptions received in the months of Sep- 
tember and October. In all we have entered since 
the opening of the present school year about 9.000 
new subscriptions in clubs alone. 

As has been the case for several years past, the premier 
cittb comes from Biirdett Business College, Boston. Mass.. 
Messrs. C A. & F. H. Burdett, proprietors. In this case, as 
in practically all of the others, the club is the result of the 
co-operation of proprietors and teachers. Messrs. Burdett, 
Dean F. B., Richardson and our good friends the teachers, 
among whom are J. F. Barnbart. O. H, Breese, E. H. Fisher 
and M. C. Fisher, are responsible for this splendid showing. 
The club numbers 4lH and nothing further is needed to indi- 
cate the prosperity and size of the school than the size of this 
club. The .Tournal doesn't need to use up columns of 
good space telling how good it is or how large it is— such clubs 
as this and those that follow will show how widely it is circu- 
lated -and as for quality, it speaks for itself each issue. 

The second club in size, numbering 182, comes from that 
old, reliable, representative American business school— 
Peiree College. Philadelphia. W. -T. Solly. Prin., and is sent 
by that fine penman nnd teacher, B. S. Collins, assisted by 
various members of the faculty. (This makes over ;i50 sub- 
scriptions sent in by Mr. Collins within a year.1 

C. H. AUard.the inventor aud proprietor of " The Penman's 
Grip," and the well-known penman and teacher of the Gem 
City Bus. Coll., Qnincy. 111., is nest, with a club of 121. 

.Tust one lap behind and neck-and-neck are J. H. Baldwin, 
Clark's Bus. Coll.. Lockport, N. Y.. and W. F. Giesseman, 
Capital City Com'l Coll., Des Moines, Iowa, each with a club 
of r^O. Mr. Baldwin is a hustling, up-to-date teacher, and Mr. 
Giesseman— well, who doesn't know Giesseman ? He's an old 

W. H. Beacom of the Goldey, Wilmington, Del., Com'l 
Coll.. another old Journal stand-by, is on deck with a list 
of 119. JounNAb readers have had "a taste of his quality " 
in specimens and articles contributed in the past. He has a 
mortgage on all of the good things (regard of proprietor. 
students and townspeople) of Wilmington— and of course is 

F. H. Criger, one of America's best writers, and now 
connected with McDonald's Business Inst.. Milwaukee, 
Wis,, sends IH. Criger is a wonder with the pen and the 

J. G. Kline oE the Detroit. Mich., Business University 
follows with 113— ft splendid showing. This represents but 
part of the school and is an index of Mr. Kline's hustling 
proclivities and regard for The Journal. Mr. Kline is one 
of the old timers who believes in keeping up with the pro- 

Other large clubs are so numerous that they make a most 
eloquent showing by merely printing the names and num- 
bers. We haven't space for more. Here they come : 

Niuetv-aine from I. W. Pierson. B. & S. B. C , Chicago, III. ; 
S\\ frooj' 1 H. Carothers. Elliott's B. C. Burlington. la. ; 86 
from H. C. Blair. Spokane. Wash., B. C ; 85 from E. M. Bar- 
ber and J. M. Vincent. Packard's B. C , N. Y. : 76 from E. A 
Newcomer, N. J. B. C . Newark. N. J. ; 70 from C. N. Cran- 
dle Athanreum. Chicago. 111. : ti9 from R. O. Waldron. Mc- 
Keesport. Pa: 68 from a Chicago Friend ; 00 from J. H. 
Bryant, Bpencorlan B. C, Phila . Pa. ; fi.'i from F. B Moore, 
Indianapolis. Ind.. B. U. : tii from E. L Moore. la. B. C. 
Des Moines, la. ; til from W. L. Sturkey, High School, Pater- 
son N J. : 04 from H. Coleman. Coleman's National B C, 
Newark. N.J. ; 02 from a Jersey Friend ; 01 from J. F. Siple. 
Bnrtlett B. C, Cincinnati, Ohio ; 01 from J. M. Wade. Leb- 
anon, Pa, B. C. : 60 from W. J. Trainer, (^oU. of Cora.. 
Scrantou. Pa. : 60 from Zanerian Art C Jllegn. Columbus. O. ; 
5H from C. G. Price. KnoxvlllD. Tenn.. B. C : S8 from R. C. 
Spencer. Milwaukee. Wis. ; 57 from H. B. Lehman. N. I. Nor. 
School, Valparaiso, Ind. : 62 from G. Bixler. Bixler's B. C. 
Wooster, O. ; 52 from W. J. Sander^, Becker's B. C, Worces- 
ter, Mass. ; 50 from G. E. Snyder, Woods B. C. Shenandoah, 
Pa. ; 50 from A, H. Ross. Troy. N. Y., B. C. : U\ from A. D. 
Skeels. McLachlan B. U., Grand Rapids, Mich. : 4!) from 
Jacob Boss. V/esleyan Coll.. Warrenton. Mo. ; 49 rrom F. W. 
O'Malley. Mt. Carmel. Pa.. B. C. : J8 from a N. Y. State 
Friend : 47 from W. J. McCarty, Scio, O.. Coll. ; 47 from Miss 
Lulu Mc 'oy, State Nor. School. Huntsvill^. Texas ; 43 from 
K M. C'^ulter, National B. C, Roanoke. Va ; 43 from M. S. 
Kme, Williams Coll. of Bus., Shamokin. Pa. ; 43 from Fr. 
Remi. Karnham, P. Q. ; 43 from E J. Scott, Brown's B. C, 
Gftlesburg. III.; 41 from H. Champlin, Cincinnati, O. ; 41 
from F. J. Heacock. Butler. Pa., B. C. ; 40 from A. F, Regal, 
Act B. C. Akron, Ohio ; 4i) from L. L. Tucker, N. J. B. C., 
Newark. N. J. ; 40 from W. P. Tangyze, Bliss B. C, North 
Adams, Mass. ; 40 from F. O. Gardiner, Stockton. Cal., B. C. ; 
39 from J. W. Lampraan. Omaha. Neb.. C. C. ; 38 from G. P. 
Lord. Salem. Mass.. C. C. : E. E Mull. Y. M. C. A.. N. Y. ; 
L. C Mi-Cann, Mahanoy City. Pa., Williams Coll. of Bus. ; 
37 from J. T. Henderson. Oberlin. O,. B. C. ; J. R. Brandrup, 
Mankato, Minn . B C. : C. C. Lister, Sadler's B. & S. B. C, 
Baltimore, Md, : Fielding Schofleld, B. & S. B. C, Utica, 
N. Y. . ;10 from F. L.^Haeberle, State Nor. Sch.. Millersville, 
Pa. ; 35 from Howard Keeler. Boys' High School, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. ; W. C. Schuppol, Sprinu'fleld. III., B. C. ; C. I. Thomp- 
son. Spenceriini r.u ft, * V^ wlmrgli, N. Y.|: R M Wade. 
Plainfleld, N -i : < 'r fu LeDoit E. Kimball, Lowell. 

Mass. ; 33 from 1 - Lmo City B. C. San Antonio. 

Texas; 3:{ froin:i. i - ■ i F/tyette. O.. Nor. Coll.; 'it 
fromJ. C. ONnn - mI. ti- M .. Nor. CoU. ; E. T. Ovi-rend. 
Spenccrian B. C . Kv;iii--vili.?. Ind.: W. Guy Ro.'*ebery, 
Ottawa. 111. ; :U from R. W. Ballentine. Dunsmore B. C. 
Staunton, Va. ; A. F. Rice, Butte. Mont., B. C. ; C. A. Wessel, 
Ferris Industrial School. Big Ranids. Mich. ; 30 from Jno. 
K. Beck. Davton. Ohio : D. W. McMillan. Onargo. 111.. Grand 
Vrairio Sem. ; 29 from J. H. Bachtenkircher, LF ette, 


'alu.wLi^ REGISTER. 

Ind. ; O. E. Crane. Sandusky, Ohio. B. C. ; E. L. Miller, 
Simp.son Coll., [ndiauola. Iowa. : ■z<\ from C. Bayleas, Bayless 
B. C. Dubuque. Iowa ; W. O. Sandy. HiKh School. Newart. 
N. J. ; Spencerian B. C, Washington, D. C. (Paul A. Steele) ; 
Ti from M. L. Miner, Hefflev School of Com.. Brooklyn, 
N. Y. ; W. H. Matthews, Salem. O , B. C. ; A. H. Stephenson, 
B. & S. B. C, Buffalo. N. V. : E. N. Spellman, Columbia 
Trade Sch., Chicago. 111. ; 3ii from G. C. Cannon, Lawrence, 
Mass., B. C. ; .1. H. Hesser. Lancaster. Pa.. B. C. : C. M. 
Leaher. High School, ('arbondale. Pa. ; J. R. Myers, Denver. 
Colo., B. C. ; R. C. Metcalfe, Wood's B. C, Ashland. Pa. : 
I. H. McGulrl. Nor. School, Ottawa, Ont. ; O A. Swavze, 
(4rove City, Pa.. Coll. : Otis L. Trenary, Kenosha. Wis.. 
Coll. ot Com. ; P. T. Weaver, Union B, C, Quincy, 111. : 2.5 
from L. B. D'Armond, Tubbs B. C, Oil City, Pa. ; M. O. 
nraves, Petosky, Mich.. Nor. Inst. ; W. W. Merriman, Bowl- 
ing Green. Ky., Nor. Coll. ; G. K. Nettleton, Brown's B. C. 
Jacksonville. 111. : S. L. Smith, Canton, III. : H. G. Stewart. 
Jewell. la.. Coll. ; A. T.iarnell, Child's B. C. Holyoke, Mass. ; 
24 from G. W. Brown. .Ir., Brown's B. C. Ottawa. 111. ; J. M. 
Balzer, Minn. Nor. Coll.. Minneapolis. Minn. ; E. F. Fisher. 

Polytechnic Inst., Ft. Worth, Tex. ; E. E. Kent. Nafl Nor. 
Uni.. Lebanon, O. : J. B. Mack, Nashua, N. H. ; C W. Ran- 
som, Troy, N Y., B. C. ; A. P. Wasoer. Heald'a B. C. San 
Francisco. Cal. ; C. A. Transue. Pottsville. Pa.. Com'l 
School : Chas Claghorn. B. & S. B. C, Brooklyn. N. 
v.; sa from W. A. Arnold. Richmond, Ind., B. C. : G. W. 
Harman, New Orleans. La. : C. "V. Howe. Cbicatro. 111. : C. 
H. Jenkins. Portland. Me. ; J. B. Topham, Holy Ghost 
Coll., Pittsburg, Pa. ; G. M. Lynch, Oil City, Pa.. B. 
C. ; J. L. Williams. Ayedelotte's B. C Oakland, Cal. ; 21 
from W. S Chamberlain, Eaton & Burnet B. C. Baltimore. 
Md. : A. H. Davenport. Dover, N. J.. B. C. ; S. B. Pahne- 
stock, McPhersnn, Kans ; E. C. Herlaw, Ft. Collins. Colo. ; 
Cbas. S. McNuIty. Monterey. Va. : C. G. Prince. Buffalo, 
N. Y. ; J. H. Smith, Sullivan ft Crlchton B. C. Atlanta, 
Oa. ; G. W. Suavely, Hantinitton. Pa. : 20 from G. F. Atkin- 
son, Woterhury, Conn. ; A. B. Pnrner. Sine Sine. N. Y. ; 
J. R. Hutchison. San Jose, Cal.. B. C. ; J. P. Jones. LaPorle. 
Ind. ; P. H. Keller. Pottstown. Pa., B. O. ; N. H. Pronty. 
Athol, Mass. ; W. A. Phillips, St. Thomas. Ont. , Geo. Thom- 
son. Acme B. C. Seattle, Wash. ; J. W. Westorvelt. Forest 
City B. C . London. Ont. ; 111 from W. J. Martin. Le Mara, 
la : J. M. Richman, Northampton. Mass.. B. C. : B. W. 
Getsinger, Spartansburg, S. C. ; W. E. Harsh, Alliance, 


Ohio ; .1. I,. Best. Liborty. Mo. ; L. D. Seott. Memphis. Tenn. ; 
L. M Thornbargb. Cellar Rapids, la. : M. A. Tolrud, Hum- 
boldt, la. ; E. L. Wiley, Mountain City B. C. Chattanooga. 
Tenn., and E. L. Elliott. Vinton, Iowa : 18 from Mrs. M. E. 
Bwayze, Orand Haven. Mich.; W. H. Smith, Dalton. Pa.; H. B 
Slater. Archilmid B O , Minneapolis, Minn. : P. T. BentoD. 
Iowa (Jity, Iowa, C. C : W. D. Chamberlain. Ionia. Mich. ; J. 
B. Luckev, B. & S. B. C, Lonisrille, Ky.; L. F. Myers. LezinK- 
ton. Mo.. B. O.; F. M Powell, Baiter Univ., Baldwin. Kan8..ana 
N. E. Rankin, Lewiston, Me., B C. ; I" from U. O. Aleian- 
der, Cbillicothe, Mo,, Nor. School ; .I.D.Brandt. Schisslef 
Coll. of Bus., Norrlstown, Pa. ; L. O. Crosby. Elgin, III, ; E- 
O, Folsom, «recn Bay. Wis,, B. C, : Bro. Fefix. Washington, 

D. C, and J. B. KruK, Erug'8 B, C, Battle Creek. Mich. : 111 
from 8. M. Sweet, Sweet's Coll. of Com.. New Castle, Pa, ; 
8. S. Oressly, State Nor. Hch., Indiana. Pa. ; A. S. Nimmo, 
Short. & Bus. Acad^Sarnla. Ont., and H. CJ. Burtner. Pitts- 
liurg. Pa. ; l.') from H. P. Cook, De Funiak Springs. Pla. ; A. 
W. Dakin. Syraruse. N. V : C. A. Paust. Chicago. 111., B. C. : 
«. E. .Tohnson. Nl-w York City ; M. R. Odegaard, St. Ansgar, 
la., Sem. ; E. F. Richards, Lawrence, Kans. : H. C, Spencer. 
Olneyville. R, I. : L. .1. Tucker, Duquesne Coll., PitteburK. 
Pa., and F. C. Weber. Vmcennes, Ind., Uniy. : U from J. K. 
Warren, Cadillac, Mich. ; H. H. Henau, West Nor. Coll., Shen- 
andoah, la.: T. P. Lhamon, Elkhart. Ind.; E. A. Quantz. 
Bliss B. C . Newburyport, Mass. : W. G. Cogger, Woodstock, 
N. B., B. C. ; C. E. Chase, Bridgeport, Cmn. ; J. A. Dacns, 
Dranghon's B. C . Texarkana, Tex., and J. A. Drainville. 
Lanzon, P. Q. ; l:j from Albert Backus, Lincoln Nor. Uniy,, 
Normal. Nebr,; C. E. Bigelow, We-stlield, 111.; H. B. Cole, 
Shaw's B, v., Portland, Me ; J, A. Lindblade, Chicago, 111, ; 
Magulro Bros.. St. Paul, Minn,, B. C. : N. L. Narregan, 
Eugene, Ore. ; Wm, Pringle. Peterboro, Ont., B. C. ; C. S. 
Richmond. Savannah, Ga.. Com'l Inst. ; W. L. Smith. Olive 
Branch, N. C. ; W. P, Waldrep, Gongales, Tex. ; W. M. 
Wagner, Smitbdenl B, C, Richmond, Va. : R. J. Wallace. 
Wallace B. C. Denver, Colo., and W, J. Wheeler. Birming- 
ham. Ala., B. C. ; 12 from r. L. Spindler. Clarke's B. C, 
Vmita, Ind. Terr. ; W. C. Stevenson, State Nor. School, Bm- 
poriH. Kans. ; B. A. Wright. Oskalooaa. la.. B C. ; S. B. 
Latham, Mt, Carmel, S. C. ; F. J. Lynch, Utlca, N. Y. ; H. S. 
Miller. Queen City B. C, Hastings, Nebr. ; 1. T. Good, 
Bridgeport, Vn. ; (>. McCJure, Harrisburg, Pa , Sih. of Com. ; 
R. T. McCord, Drake's B. C, Jersey City. N. J, ; M. Stein- 
mann, Princeton, III ; R, H. Eldon. Toronto, Ont. ; Sarah 
Frank, State Nor. .School, Warrenshurg, Mo. ; D. A. Qrif- 
lltts. Coll. of Com.. Austin. Tex. : A. C. Qegenheimer. Naper- 
yiUe. Ill ; Henry E, Greer. Salamanca. N. Y,, B. C ; D. M. 
Keefer, Beaver Falls, Pa., B. 0. ; G. M Langum, S. W. B, C. 
St. Louis. Mo, ; F. J. Lowe, Corry, Pa.. B. C. ; C. E. Lowe. 
Wlnflold. Kans. ; M, W. Blankinship. Tamanua. Pa.. B. C. : 

E. R. Bradford, Recker & Bradford Com'l Sch., Boston. 
Mass.; Bro. Dositheus, Providence, R I : M F Burns Drew 
B. C, Elgin, 111., and H. C. Beatty, William's Coll. of Bus,. 
Plymouth. Po.; U from Bro. O. Leo. Montreal, Canada: 
S''?,",-,..'*'"!''' Algona, la.. Nor. Sch. : L. McLachlan. Canada 
B. C„ Chatham, Ont. ; W. R. Pitkin. Gorsline B. C, Detroit, 
Mich. ; W. C. Ramadell. Middletown, N. Y., B. C : W A. 
Ross, Columbus, Oa., B. C. ; P. F. Wildisb. Dallas, Tex. ; L. 
L. Weaver, Alliance, O, ; 10 from A. C. Starin & Co.. Fall 
River, Mass ; J. W. Giles, Lynchburg. Va., B. C. : D. S. Hill, 
Nashville ■Tenn. ; H, D. Harris. Norristown, Pa, (Schissler 
Coll.) ; W P. Uostefler, Angola, Ind , Nor. Coll. ; H. W. 
Herrou, Portland, Oreg. : E. B. Hoover. Santa Barbara, 
Cal. : J. W. .lames, Searcy, Ark, ; Clyde Jones, Wood B, C, 
Shenandoah Pa. ; W. J. Kingsland, Y, M. C. A„ Scranton, 
£'■,■; "^■#".'?,''' H'^Pton, la. ; R. E. Moyer, Chester, Pa., 

,., ' '■.V-' ^' /'!?''' btovens Point, Wis, ; J. Alcock, Platte- 
vllle. Wis. ; J. B Bacon, Mesa, Colo. ; R. L. Bisby, Santa 
Ana, Cal. ; J. W. Cook, Danville, Va., Com'l Sch. ; A. L. 
Clair, Mt. Morns, III. ; J. B, Daub. Richmond. Va.. and H. 
O. Warren, Austinburg, Ohio ; Harry A, Woy, Aberdeen. S. 

Clubs of less than ten have been received from the follow- 
ing people. A large number of these clubbers have prom- 
ised to materially increase their lists before the close of 



T ?• ';• m '??''?■ Tacoma. Wash. ; W. S. Ashby, Mitchell, 
Ind. ; J. T. AIvis, GrtBnvlile, Tex. ; J. M. Aikman, Farming- 
ton, Mo ; D. B. Anderson. H. P. Nor. Coll., Des Moinel 
J?^If • ?-^- Brock. Muskegon, Mich. ; C. J. Becker, New 
Bedford. Mass., B, C. ; Bro. Bruno, Brooklyn, N, y ; W H 
Barr, Youngstown, O. : W. R. Bullion, Chicago ; E. M. Barlcri 
therokoe. Tex., Nor. Coll. ; M. E. Bennett, Johnstown, Pa ; 
Clara Bank. Osage, fowa ; J. R. Baldwin. Davenport. Iowa ; 
b. L Bceuey. Newark, O. ; S. R. Bridges. Leesvilfe. S, C. ; W. 
L. Blacknion. AUentown, Pa.: E. G. Brandt, Unlontown, 
Pa. ; S^ H, Bauman, Great Falls. Mont., C. C ; F M 
Chogwdl Zonesville. O. ; A. M. CassoU. Roanoke. Va : G C 
Christophor.son. Sioux Falls. S. D. ; J. D. CowgiU. Doyles- 
w^i'j.. i'-,'. "o'^','^.'"""',?' Me»aville. Pa.. B. C. ; J. M. Craig. 
Wood's B C. Hazleton. Pa. ; C. H. Cleary. Canton. O., B. C ; 
Louis Caldwel . Red Wing, Mmn. ; W. ft. Chambers Corsi- 
f?'"'',7%,' ^^' ^' Uanaeld, Stillwater. Minn. B. C. ; O. W. 
Donold. Winnipeg. Manitoba : Chas, L. Dry, Union Christian 
Coll., Morom, Ind. ; E. C. Mills, Rochester, N. Y. ; A. R. 
^°S!''"i:.*"'.''°' «■*• \^- F- Mushrush. Perry. la.. Nor. Coll. ; 
v. W. Martm. Houlton, Mo. ; H, Maxim. Montoelier. Vt. ; 
H, J. Shnuuli. Fmdlay, O., B.C.: G. W. Moothart. River 
?;;"> ' ' ,' 'i-iN<'Uth. O. : M. L. Mowry. Georgetown, 
1"^' ' " ^' ti:omery. Somersworth. N. H, : W. L 
?.'" " " " ^-'- Wilkes-Barre. Pa. ; J. B. McKay. 

u'Vr , ,' ' ' ^ ■ '^^ c, Hovey. Schenectady, N. Y.. 
5,v„,l ^','"" ,'; '-''"A'''?,'*; ^■■- Athol.Mass.; L. C. Mc- 
li '. it'.. ™' *'i.' "■ Mclver, Cnarlotte, N.C.C. C. ; 
M, C. McGeo ban Maros, 'Tex. ; M. C. McLood, Moncton 
?,' \ • I- h '*!'^'"''S'„^-v°' Iinoxvllle,Tenn,: P. A. Novatus 
?„'„.^B''c'^"n'*i-°'rvT-.*''.,*'S'."'"°''' P'"" B'uff- Ark., Nettle: 
lT,S ^: a' •.?■ w'?''""lv'?"'°S''??"'' Minn.; J. M. Oshlund, 
t"""^' .^""I'^'J'""'' Neb. ; E. k. Pentz, Qt. Bend. Kans.. 
fin N v' •■'■w' ^""J- f'""?; '^'"'»' ' I- S- Preston Brooi^ 
CSmrn'M^-. ?>■ ^''tf^' Denver Colo.; E. E. Peacock, 
Kent 8 Mill. Me. G. H. Palmer. Oak Level. Ala ; H. C. Post 
Barr ugton s B. c. Waterbury. Conn, ; C. S. PilkiuBlon Eo- 
woith. Iowa. bem. ; O. J. Penrose. Randolph, N, Y. ; R. ij 

Bc«ha^i"'T'".Vt'"i'^%' N ^- i"",""^ ^'"' Bernardino, CaL 
Bcithtt L. I'att, btate Nor. Sch., Cedar Falls, la ; S 
Perry, Mercantile Coll., Indianapolis, Ind • E .1 plantier 
fe"."*'"i ."■ '. ..^l.?.'..'^'"'.K'"''"?*''!,T9Pol'a. Kans.. B.' C. ; H. e! 
' " " Ludington, Mich. 

Hose, St. Augustine, III, : A. D. ho„„, „„, 

Kochester, N, Y., B. U. ; Will. Ramsay. Preb„„ ..... ., , 

"""■■ '"'"•■ .Pa. ; Fred. H. Read. Lyndon'Ceuter. Vt 

o. Johnsto 

. Calif. ; D. I. 

T.t^^i\%^- ff- Atchison Kan. :' E.' R. Reeves. Ennis; 
rsnel?'; R o ?. i,'*°J' ^'''V "i 'J- "■ *"«"■ Truro. N. S. 
H |. ■ I fa «!, I K. Santord, Weedsport, Pa., Crumb's 
B c. , L. B sullivon, Buntsville, Ala.. B. C. : Jno. Schlarb 
Osnaburg 111 : A. L. Sprmkle. Effingham, Ml.; J. A. Sanders 
Ui'Uton, lex : 1 1 . Strickland, E. Greenwich, R. I. ; J P 
bLiu. I: \\ , -1 -nj. rn-i « :, , |j. c. ; Clement T. Stamps. Ed- 
""' " ' "> balem. Ore.. B. C. ; Shirley E. 

;,''',' ' ' liris. Sackenreuther. Pekin. 111. ; 

it,, ',, ' , '^ ■ ' , ^y- •!■ E. Stone. Collegeville, 

5il.„ p- in \v ' i '""t™. Mich.. Nor. CoU.l T. J 

bhai p. El^Jiu^in , \\a, Pen Art Coll.; P. Taylor. Alliance, 

V\mrWs, La. ; E. A. Hall. Youngs Owii O • P W Hazelton 
Wabpetoi.. No. D^k. : L. M. Hatton, Tampa Pli. ; L Ha?- 
P^^^"i'' ■*^"''"' *!""'■ * ^- H- HartuDK. Van Home. Iowa • 
L n ¥.*'";i*'^;'''"- T"^"i,""- "'»««■• B. C. : c. B. Hall, Spencer' 
A f«^vi.\V"'"',i;?''^-S-* ^^ *-■ Howev, So, Short. & B. U., 
Altanta. Ga.: M. E Hansel. McDowell, Va. ; J. L. HaU 
Miss. Coll.. Clmtou, Miss. ; Harry Houston. New Haven 

Brockton. Mass, : J. E. Joiner. Cortland. N. Y. ; C. E. Jones. 

J I. Lawrence. Met. B. C Dallas. Tex. : M. S. Lee. Helena. 
Ala. : Wm. CJ. Ladds, Franklin, Pa. ; R. Lindley. Anderson, 
Pa : L. Le May, Columbia. B. C, Norfolk. Va. : L H. 
Lipsky. Comers' C. C, Boston, Mass. ; A. D. Deibert, 
Chaffee's Phon. Inst, Oswego. N. Y : E L. Donohne. Park- 
land. Wash. : C. H. Donaldson, Pueblo. Colo. : L. A. Duthie, 
Indianapolis, Ind. ; W. J. Downey. Niagara Falls, N. Y. ; 
L J. Egelston. Perry B. C. Rutland. Vt. : tt. E. Eberhardt. 
Linlsborg. Kans. : Frere Edmond, C. S. C. Montreal, P. Q. ; 
J. N. Engle, Junction City. Kans. ; Aug. Fischer, Phila., Pa. : 
H. B. Fleming, Hameston, Iowa; J. H. Fulks. Live Oak, 
Pla. : E. E. Ferris. Eagan's School of Bus.. Hoboken, N. J. : 
P. W. Frederick, Mansdeld. O.. B. C. ; E. R. Flygare. Sher- 
burn, Mian. : W. W. Fry, Atlanta, Ga., B. C. : S. M. Punk. 
Wolfe's B. C. Hagerstown, Md. ; D. Fullmer, Fitcliburc, 
Mass,, B. C. : C. A. French. Boston, Mass. ; E. L. Grandy, 
Spencer, Iowa ; D. N. Greer. Johnstown. Pa. ; A. C. Grimes. 
Wheaton. 111. ; S. Goodnight. Vancouver, Wash. : R. A. 
Grant, Winona, Minn-. Com'l Coll. ; P. H. Hall. California. 
Pa, ; J. W. Haley, Ft. Edward, N. Y. ; Anna E. Hill, Spring- 
field, Mass. ; J. L. Howard, Maiden, Mass. ; G, S. Henderson, 
Portland. Ore. ; C. S. Hammork. Wray, Colo. ; C. W. Hertz- 
ler, St. Paul Park, Minn. ; A. Tooley, State Nor. Sch., Brock- 
port, N. Y. W. T. Tarman. State Nor. Sch., Terre Hautp, 
Ind. ; G. W. Thom. Du Bois. Pa.'; B. C. ; A. D. Taylor, Elgin. 
Ill ; D. A Travelpiece, Butler, Neb. ; W. S. Turner, Mar- 
tinabnrg. W. Va. ; E. E. Utterback, Terre Haute. Ind. ; H. 
C. Ulmer, High School. York, Pa. ; T. J. Williams. Passadeoa. 
Calif. ; J. H. Cooney, Spurrier, Tenn. ; A. S. Weaver. San 
Francisco, Cal. : T. D. Wade. Cedarville. Pa. ; E. E. Wemptt. 
Springwater. N. Y. ; T. T. Wilson. Brockton. Mass.. B. U. ; 
A Chicago Friend ; Pauline Wannack. Macon, Ga. : E. G. 
Wright. Washington. D. C. ; A. R. Whitmore, Scranton, 
Pa , B. C. ; B. M. Winkleman. Ft. Smith. Ark . B. C. ; Hobart 
Webster, Elizabeth, N. J.; W. J. Wade, Penn. B. C, Le- 
banon, Pa. : C. A. Berohard. Uni. of Paciflc. College Park, 
Calif. : S. E. Shook, Greenville. O. ; Chas. L. McClellan, 
Albion, Mich.. Coll. Com'l School ; O. P. Koerting, Orange, 
Cilif : J. E. Whirry, Cedar Valley Sem., Osage, la. ; Miss M. 
Ella Brown. Ilion, N. Y. 

This trampet-voiced endorsement from our profession 
is most deeply gratifying at a time when paltry misrepre- 
sentation and insinuation are doing their utmost to dis- 
parage The Journal and place it in a false position 
before the people whose cause it has championed for more 
than twenty years. Many of these clubs are from wholly 
unexpected sources, and a great proportion of them are 
in the formative stages and will be much larger before 
the winter closes. Splendid and unprecedented as is the 
record now, some hundreds of letters from those now at 
work for The Journal make it certain that the next few 
months will have an even more splendid story to tell. 

Turning: Down Advertisements. 

Giving so much space to lessons sometimes crowds out 
many small but excellent specimens of plain and ornamental 
penmanship, and often compels un to refuse first-class adver- 
tisements. —From the Western Penman, Dec. 

Dear 1 dear ! 

The common mortal mind is appalled at the noble 
sacrifices and incident heart aches of these professional 
martyrs. Fancy our philanthropic friend on guard at the 
Cedar Rapids sanctum, frantically swinging his clubs of 
two to beat back discouraged but determined hordes of 
tirst-class advertisers clamoring for space in the Western 
Penman .' Oat of the din and the roar come the rattle of 
myriad typewriters from the actual business department 
of the Cedar Rapids Bnsiness College, and multitudinous 
voices in high C dictating burning appeals for 'steen 
hundred square inches of lessons, warranted 333>j[' de- 
grees Fahrenheit. 

Bat hark ! What sweet— soft miuor note is that, run- 
ing through the mighty tumult like trill of nightingale 
broidered on a robe ot thunder ? 'Tis the voice of the 
corued beef lifting itself up trom the pot in grieffal co m- 
misseration of the bank account and plaintively calling 
for the cabbage. No wonder the sid world weeps, O 
Cedar Rapids ! 

This gentleman— 




you all know him— is a type and exemplar of the one- 
armed, on©-lega;ed, one-eyed genus who might have be- 
come a fine penman had a few more square ioches of 
lessoQs come his way when ho was getting his growth. 
However, he is quite respectably numerous, we are in- 
formed, and a proper object of professional consideration. 
We propose to start a hospital fund for him, and will 
open it with a contribution of $10 cash for each and every 
instance in which our heroic contemporary has turned off 
first-class advertisements to accommodate an extra square 
foot or so of "lessons." Moreover, we will allow our con- 
temporary a substantial commission on every first-class 
advertisement thus turned off which he may divert to us, 
and hereby authorize him to guarantee for us that all 
such ads. inserted in The Journal will have not only 
much the largest circulation, but will reach people who 
as a rule are much better able to buy than the mass of 
Western Penman veadeTS. Thus will virtue prove its own 
.reward all ai-ound ; our fractional friend will get bis 
comfort, the W. P. will get its commission, we will get 
the ad., and the advertiser will get a rare bargain. And 
who knows but the cabbage-head may yet mingle its 
orisons with those of its helpmeat in joyful chorus of 
peace and plenty ? 

A Testimony. 

I am an all-around business teacher. 1 teach business 
writing with shade. Writing all lines heavy or all lines 
light is monotonous, and therefore lacks bea\ity. Lack 
of beauty causes lack of interest, and lack of interest lack 
of progress. 

1 encourage every student of mine to acquire a teach- 
er's ability in whatever he studies. A high ideal is a 
constant advantage for present improvement, though its 
attainment should never be realized. 

He is a poor teacher who is uuable to teach shade writ- 
ing. It is better to write an unshaded hand because you 
want to than because your ignorance com pel n you to. 

I dislike those pronged capital stems. I never join by 



an aogalar connection to a return stroke when a turn 
will do as well, or about as wall, and I see no advantage 
of speed or legibility that will justify the substitution of 
those hideous horned creatures for the graceful forms ef 
the abbreviated Spencerian. To whom. I wonder, are 
we indebted for their invention. 

That copy-books are entirely pernicious ; that their use 
is the entire or main cause of the present barbarous ignor- 
ance of good penmanship everywhere ; or that their en- 
tire disuse would of itself be the means of bringing about 
a reform, as was asserted, substantially, by Mr. Palmer 
at the N. E. A. at Buffalo, I doubt, and hereby challenge 
any one, either in these pages or elsewhere, by fair dis- 
cussion, to demonstrate. 

I think the science of pedagogy should be as highly es- 
teemed among us as among public school teachers. An 
ability to teach does not consist as much in what a man 
knows, and can do, as it does in what he can cause his 
pupils to know and do. According to this test of quali- 
fication, how many good teachers are there ? Who will 
be the next to testify ? 

J. Howard Baldwin, 
Lockport, N. Y., Business College. 

,„THE , 


Hundreds ot clubs from 'Z to 4m. and aincle subscriptions 
numberinR tbousands for The Jouhnal. have been received 
■duriuK the present season. Our increaeed facilities for hand- 
ling them and our new method of recording and filing aub- 

B. F. Johnson Pablishing Company. Richmond, Va. pub- 
lish a number ot books particularly adapted for commercial 
schools and commercial departments. Q. M. Smithdeal, 
Smithdeal Business CoUeRe, Richmond, Va . is the author of 
these books. The books are well known throughout the 
South and have a large sale m the West. The Jouhna 

tute Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, Is 

_ concern, and is continually bringing out 

publica'tions that benefit shorthand and typewritine students 
and teacher* Thev are particularlv interested in pushing 
the Bean Pitman System of Shorthand'and publish the P^o- 
nogtj^^iC jSlagazine, of which Jerome B. Howard is editor. 

The Zanerian Art College, Columbus. Ohio, has a eood en- 
rollment the present season, and has some excellent material 
in the many young men and women who will soon be turned 
out as up-to-date and progressive teachers of penmanship 
and drawing. The Zanerian students are always in demand 
in public and private schools of America. 

E. E. N. Lee. 98 East Mechanic street. Valparaiso, Ind., is 
loiuB some beautiful automatic pen work these days. Jour- 
nal readers will find his advertisement in another column. 

The Caligaph Typewriter, made bv the American Writing 
Machine Company. 237 Broadway. New York, is being vigor- 
ously pushed, and has made its way into thousands of ofBces 
in the past few years. The phrase the Caligraph people 
have made so popular. " It outlasts them all," calls attention 
to one of the leading features of the Caligraph— its wearing 
qualities. Many people who have had the Caligraph in daily 
operation for ten or fifteen years with next to no repairs in 
that time back up the claim of the manufacturers that 
it cannot be excelled for wearing qualities. The American 


ceived from them, demoastrstes this fact. From the editor 
to the office boy The Joural force are all ready to swear by 
Dixon's pencils. Ten cents sent to the manutacturere will 
briuff any Journal reader several eamplea that will prove 
our faith in them. 

W. Scott Riser, Supervisor of Writing, Piiblic Schools, 
Richmond. Ind.. will contribute an article to The Journal, 
In the near future, entitled. " The ' Eureka ' in Going From 
Arm Movement to Its Practical Application in AH Written 

Needed Reforms in the Penmanship 

No. 1. 

ContrastiDg the progress of the penmanship world 
tjluriDg the past century with the improvements 
ia^de in other arte during the same period, I am in- 
plined to think that our profession has not kept 
/pace with the general progress of other useful or 
beautiful arts With this fact (real or apparent) 
in mind. I thought it would be well to endeavor to 
fiad in what manner we can improve upon existing 
conditions. For improvement usually follows in 
the wake of conscious need. 

Penmen have been and are still skiUful with tne 
pen and hand rather than with the head. Their 
training has been along the line of the fanciful 
rather than in the direction of the true. They have, 
too frequently, indulged in fantastic capitals and 
poor spelling at the same time and on the same 
page. To such an extent ha« this been tpuethait 

The clubbing subscription rates are so liberal that no one. 
be he teacher or student, can hesitate on the score of cost if 
ihe be at all interested in penmanship, drawing and practical 

aation ' ' ' ' 

. . J and t 

friends to get The Journal, and almost i „. . 

leaders in the lines mentioned at but little more than t: 
cost of the one periodical alone. Read the combinati( 

The Pope M'f'g Co., Hartford. Conn., are preparing to 
vigorously push the Columbia bicycle this year. The 
, _._ . ' nks the Columbia can't be 

iboth bides of It. 

W. K. Cook. Penman of the Hartford Bus. Coll.. Hartford, 
;;onn.,hapan advertisement in this issue of The Journal 
1 expert writer and will give all who patronize 

The Penman's Grip, sold by C. H, Allard. Qaincv. 111., and 
advertised m another column of this issue of TheJournal. 
ia a very practical contrivance for assisting in obtaining 
correct position of hand and pen. It sells for :i5 cents. 

Isaac Pitma 
Bounce that in coi 

(1837-189:) of the invention of Pitman Phonography by Sir 
Isaac Pitman, and of Queen Victoria's Accession to" the 
throne, they will issue in weekly parts, an edition de luxe of 
the New Testament in Isaac Pitmau's Shorthand, 

and good 

among the penmen in The Journal's coh 
has nine courses in penmanship, and fl 
ing. He writes cards, signatures. 

ng and drawing in the pub- 
1 built up a bit? mail order 
. by persistent advertising 

VIr. Parsons 

and has several 

„ nd drawing that he delivers belo..^ 
teachers' meetings. He is doing a great deal of good, and 
we wish there were more like him. Our readers should send 
for his new circulars. 

The Remington Tvp^wr 
ingatlllon. N. Y.. to be u 

so increase the facilities that 150 machines a' day -^..^ 
turned out. The New York offices of Wyckoff. St-kraan 
Benedict have been greatly enlarged and improved also. 

C. A. Faust. 65 Wabash A 

.dely known 

all kinds of automatic pen 

specimens, etc. 

Frank McL-es & Br. 

engravers of script, ar , p. .^. .,..., ,..vci ujcumi ui 

half sloping styles of copybooks. They thoroughly under- 
stand spacing, etc , and are fretiuently Intrusted with the 
preparation of copy as well as the engraving. Their engrav- 
ing of autographs is fine, as they retain grace and combine 
with It accuracy. Their cereotype plates, by means of which 
a lithographed effect is produced on ordinary press, is taking 
with printers generally. 


Writing Machine Company issue a handsome catalogue, 
which will be sent, together with other pamphlets, to all 
who are Interested in typewriters. 

The Ellis Publishing Company of Battle Creek. Mich., the 
firm that have made such a success of their new system in 
" Actual Business from the Start. ' report a large increase in 

The School Rocorrl, Detroit, Mich., is oi 
bright educational exchanges. Those 
who would like to see a sample copy 
sending a pobtal request for it. 

J of The Journal's 
af our subscribers 
m Ket one free by 

W. H. Sadler. 13 North Charles street. Baltimore. Md.. pub- 
lisher of the " Budget System," " Sadler-Rowe Business Prac- 
tl(!e " and " Sadler's Series of Arithmetics," reports a heavy 
business during the past few months. New schools are being 

:ial dt'PHrtments. and the past i 

Dixon pencils, manufactured by the Joseph Dixon Crucible 
Company. Jersey City, N. J., are so good that we don't know 
I escept to say thai they are "' good." 

variety of these pencils, lately r 

many educators are slow to appreciate good pen- 
manship because they think it stands for or accom- 
panies poor spelling and illiteracy. I do not be- 
lieve that it is necessurily so, nor do I think that 
penmen are. as a rule, so much behind the common 
ungraded school teacher as these educators would 
have others believe. But we have used enough 
poor grammar before institutes and'colleaies to give 
this impression. To overcome this sentiment among 
educators we need to consult the dictionary oftener 
and study our sentences more carefully. These will 
help our appearances just the same as good clothes. 
But we need more than a knowledge of words 
and their use — we need ideas. These we can get 
by studying other things than penmanship. The 
study and practice of penmanship alone has a nar" 
rowing tendency of the^miud — the study and prac- 
tice of other things in conjunction with it has a 
broadening tendency. 

As teachers of penmanship we need to know as- 
much about history, geography, nature, mathe- 
matics, language, psychology, physiology and 
science of edtication as the regular teacher. It 
will do us no harm to know much more, as mucb 
as any one knows. We need to know that a knowl 
edge of the mind as regards its workings upon the 
nerve and muscular systems is us valuable to ua 
as to any one. We need to realize that a knowledge 
of the human machine — the body^is as valnable to 
us as to any. We must know that good penman- 
ship is the result of properly cared for and adjusted 
muscular, bone and nerve mechanism. We should 


know that irregnhir hours of work, recreation and 
rest ; poor food ; stiumlants. from tea to whisky, 
from wine to beer, from cigarettes to pipes, from 
gum chewing to chewing tobacco, are not good 
for moral?, health or penmanship. We need to 
know that a knowledge of child nature, mental 
growth and physical development are necessary for 
scientiKc teaching. We need to realize more and 
more the necessity of basing our instruction in pen- 
manship upon sound pedagogical principles. 

In actiuiring this knowledge it will not be neces- 
sary to neglect morality, or to ajipear pedaptic. 
It will not be necessary that you attach your name 
to the title of piofessor. or to pass some one else's 
work as your own. Nor will it be necessary for 
yon to expect more than you think you are worth 
while " holding down " your first situation. 

But we have made much progress educationally 
during the past decade. The average teacher of 
penmanship is more intelligent and less boastful. 
in fact, we find a large per cent, of our present pen- 
men to lie wideawake, intelligent, social, moral, 
upright, pul)li(;-spirite(l citizens. If at. times I fail 
to emphasize this truth do not think that I under- 
value our profession, I am proud of it, and also 
ashamed that I am not better (lualitied to terve it 
by way of example. What 1 lack in example I shall 
endeavor to make up in precept, hence these ar- 

When 1 stated that the study and practice of pen- 
manship had a narrowing effect upon the mind I 
did not mean that the same was not equally true 
in the sludv and practice of other arts as specialties. 
A specialist most necessarily be. to some extent, 
onesided. And this is an age of tpecialism. But 
the success of a specialist in the future will be de- 
pendent upon his general ability as well as upon his 
technical knowledge or skill. Therefore, as pen- 
men, artists and teachers, we need to acquire a 
good general education. The teacher of penmanship 
to-day must not only be able to write well, but he bo able to teach. To know how and what to 
teach he must understand the needs of the pupils 
and the community. If his students desire to pre- 
pare for business pursuits he must know what those 
pursuits will demand. He must, therefore, have a 
knowledge of business, of that kind of penmanship 
used in busmess, of methods of pre^entinLr instruc- 
tion, and of the laws of mental and physical growth. 
He must know more and be more than a mere gym- 
nast with the pen. 

There is one of two courses for the young student 
of penmanship to pursue. He must first secure a 
general education and then special training, or he 
may first secure the latter and use it as a means ot 
securing the former. He cannot exi)ect permanent 
success without a good general education. He must 
have it or be content with unimportant positions 
and narrowness. These are plain facts, bluntly told 
by one who has experienced and observed these 
needs and who has the welfare of the young student 
at heart. You need not be discouraged about it. 
You need to begin this day to study your defects 
and then resolve to eradicate them. Take an in- 
ventory of your moral, menial and physical self to 
find out what you have on hand, and then start 
anew with the determnation to become wealthy in 
ideas and in skill. Persevere and the future will 
find you a desirable citizen. 

Striking the Trail at Last. 

Though not always so tnrtuunte as to And ourFclves in 
complete agreement with our Cedar Rapids contempo- 
rary, the Wfstrrn Peiiinaii, we are happy to be able to 
extend it unreservedly cordial congratulations on the 
securmg of so excellent a teaeher as Mr. L. M. Thorn- 
burgh to give its lessuus in Business Writing. Jocbnai. 
readers have long been familiar with Mr. Thornburgh's 
admirable methods, as thoroughly set forth in tijjse col- 
umns, and the sagacious editor ot the «'. P. makes no 
mistake by talliug into The Journal's Business Writing 
footsteps. Tuough a trifle tardy, it is no mean occasion 
for self-cougratiilatiou on the part ot the U'estt-m Pen- 
limn that in tbe matter ot Business Writing it has arrived, 
in ISiir, somewhere near the point that The Jocrxal 
reached in 1S'.H.5. True we might have arranged to 
spare our contemporary some trouble, and performed the 
same good olfices for its readers who are seeking instruc- 
tion in Business Writing, by sending them back numbers 
■of The Journal of two or three years sitce ; but un- 
fortunately we haven't the back numbers, and it we had. 

a year's set ot them would cost as much as would pay 
for the Western Penman tdl well over the turn of the 

When in need of contributors on topics relating to Busi- 
ness Writing, our contemporary can make no mistake 
in selecting those who have proved their worth through 
the columns ot The Penman's Art Journal. 

So much iuterest has been manif ebted in this sym- 
posium of opinions of teachers of writing that quite 
a number of answers have been sect iu lately, thus 
delaying the closinj^ of this department. These ar- 
ticles will be printed in the order received and as 
rapidly as possible. 

The questions to which the following articles re- 
ply are as follows : 

1. (aj What do you consider the essentials of a good hand- 
writing ? (Name them in the order of importance.) 

(6) Name, in what you consider the order of importance, 
the essential teaching points to keep in mind to produce a 
good handwriting. (As poitifion, speed, mocemenf, etc.) 

2. (jive your definition of muscular or forearm movement. 

3. Name and give reasons for the best position of: 

(a) Body. 

(6) Hand and pen. 

4. Name the best movement and give your reasons. 


Penman's Art Journal. 

B. F. WlUUima Rises to Respond. 

1. (a) Legibility, rapidity, ease of execution and neat- 

(bt Concentration of thought, will power, position, 
movement, speed. 

2. Muscular movement— as applied in writing— is the 
action of the entire arm, hand and tiugers. the arm rest- 
ing on the muscles forward of the elbow, the hand resting 
on the naiU of the third and fourth fiagers, vrhich slide 
almost in unison with tbe pen. 

3. (a) The body should be nearly erect, facing the table 
squarely, with both feet in front of the chair and flat on 
the floor, and both arms on the table. 

(b) The hand should be held as when at rest, except 
the end of the first finger should be raised a trifle to allow 
the holder to cross the second finger at root of nail, and 
the thumb beat out so it may support the holder opposite 
the first finger joint. 

The holder should be held at or back of the knuckle, 
depending on the shape of the hand and how much the 
fingers bend naturally. 

If straight holder is used, the wrist should be turned 
over to the left so the pen will point as nearly in the direc- 
tion of main slant as possible. 

If oblique holder U used, the wrist may assume its nat- 
ural position. 

4. The muscular movement. It is the least eshaust- 
iag, easiest to control, and therefore the most accurate 

compatible with speed, and produces the most legible, 
graceful and rapid style of penmanship. 


Formerly Penman of No. Ind. Nor. Sch., Valparaiso, Ind, 

Permanent or Professional List. 

Once more we wish to remind our friends that 
only subacribers for the News Edition of The 
Journal at SI are eligible for entry on our Per- 
manent or Professional List. We cannot afford to 
enter on this list clubbing subscriptions received at 
a less price than SI. 

The Permanent List is for the benefit of those 
who intend to continue subscribing Of couree. if 
they change their mind all that is necessary is to 
notify us and tbe name will be dropped. But papers 
will continue to go until such a notice is received. 
Should any subscriber on the Permanent List wish to 
switch off to the regular list when his year is up, it 
is still necessary to give us notice, as we can't 
remember any individual instance. 

Enrolled on our Permanent List are the names of 
the majority of the commercial school proprietors of 
this country and a great many teachers with not a 
few ambitious students. It has always been a 
source of great gratification to us that most of these 
.have thought well enough of The Jourxal to pay 
Si for it— which is no more than a fair price— not- 
withstanding the fact that they could have sub- 
scribed in clubs at a lower figure. 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Pitman's Shorthand Dictionary. By Sir Isaac Pitman. 

Published by Isaac Pitman & Soup, 88 Union Square, 

New York. Seventh Edition. Cloth, 300 pages. Price, 


Pitman's Shorthand Dictionary was first published 
nearly half a century ago. The present volume is the sev- 
enth revised edition. It contams shorthand forms for 
55 000 words and 5,000 proper names. It also includes all 
the leading terms iu science, art and literature which 
have come into general use in recent years, as well as new 
geographical and other names. It is well arranged and 
printed, and is a very handsome volume. It must be of 
great seri^ice to all Pitman writers. 

Phonographic Lesson Cards in Isaac Pitman's Pho- 
NoaRAPHY. By W". L. Mason, Prin. New York Metro- 
politan School of Shorthand. Published by Isaac Pit- 
man & Sous, 3S Union Square, New York. Forty-eight 
cards. Price, ^l. 

These cards are so arranged as to give a lesson on each 
card, and ithe principles of the system are presented in a 
logical sequence with the accompanying exercises for 
practice. It is intended as a self- instructor, also for use 
iu classes, and is based on Isaac Pitman's Complete Phn- 
nographic Instructor. The engraving is done by hand, 
and is excellent. One of the principal objects of the card 
arrangement is to prevent slovenly and careless work on 
the part of the studnnt. Since the student is giwn but 
oue card with one lesson at a time he is not tempted to 

Tli6 Kcw EnglanH Pgimian 

tiny nihi-r pain'i' imblished. 

Price only 25 Cents a Year. 

The .hinuiu-y i'l»7l number contains 16 full 

paees of beautiful penwurk, includtn>r busim^Sf^ 

wririnjf, artistic writinjr, drawiny, letterinji'. 

tiounshinK. et... iumI n.-|.n\-L nt-^ iti-- wt.ik c.f 


Please accept the connratuiatlons ot a brother pub- 
lisher. Vei"y truly. 

We liaveonly a few thousand copies of the January 
r left, antl they 

A New Book 

nd ani\'. ^ 

'111 ' I IV liie alao be1nt{ Klveii. 

Mow to Pass 
An Examination 

t^° IVc also S'-lifl ivith lUls lr)f,k, wUhnut 
ndditUinal charuc, the qutstums and 
ftui*wcJ-8 ft/r piirt tif the year IS'J/,; also 
those for the pi-cst^nt svlwol near, heuin- 
nina with Augwft ajid coUtrtnu as many 
cramiuatinits «s have ncenrrcd at the 
time the h..<,k ).s KvdTrd, tints hrinuing 


the qU€stt<ni8 dnwn (o rlnte. and furuin}t- 
u^(/, as it were, two books for ttte prier 
of one 

A .\<lili'ras, TUG EDircATOIt, 

\ 3.1 Exrbniiee Sli't-rl. 

^ bi;fi'alo. n. v. 


look abead, and practice work on wfaich he has bad no 
instruction. The arrangement is excellent. 

Key to Graduated Dictation Book. Part 1, Political. 

Paper, 48 pages. Price, 2(1 cents. Published by Isaac 

Pittaan & Sons, 33 Union Square, New York. 

This work contains a number of speeches, and is so 

arranged that dictation may be given at oO, fSO and 100 

words a mioute. The speeches are by Right Honorable 

W. E. Gladstone, and Right Honorable John Bright, MP. 

Hon'-To-SAY-lT— Grammar Chart. By J. H. Bryant, 
Spencerian Business College, Philadelphia, Pa. Pub- 
lished by J. H. Bryant, 1.520 Chestnut Street, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. Paper, 2 pages. Price, 10 cents. 
At first sight it doesn't seem popsible to get so much in- 
formation about grammar in so small a space as this chart 
gives. The ob.iect of the chart is to correct the common 
errors of speech, not by application of rules, but by the 
use of correct forms This is the outgrowth of the au- 
thor's experience in his attempts to teach grammar in a 
practical way. The student having this little work in his 
pocket has a guide that will save him from making errors 
m speaking and writing, and these errors are the ones 
most likely to occur. This is an excellent little cliurt. 

Ellsworth's Illustrated Lessons and 
Lectures on Penmanship. 

We hftve rnceived from the publishers. The Ellsworth Co., 
101 Duane St., New York, a Prospcctas of " Illnstruted 
LessoDsand Locturtjs on Penmanship," bv H. W. Ellsworth. 

This work will be ready for dehvery about March 1, and 
will be sold by etubscription only. The book will be quarto 
size, of several hnudred pages, cloth binding and will sell for 
82. Agents are allowed a fiood commission and the publish- 
ers would like to hear from all who desire to handle the 
book. The scope of the work is great, treating as it does of 
the philosophy, phyeiolofry, psychi>logy. padagogy, training 
and practic-e of the theory and art of penmanship. It is 
adapted for students and teachers in public and private 
schools and for home students. But to get a more definite 
Idea you'll huve to send for a copy of the book itself or for 
the prospectus. 

New Standard Shorthand Publication. 

The New Standard Stenographer, a monthly joarnal de- 
voted to the interests of writers oE McKee's new Standard 
Shorthand, published and edited by L. V. Patterson. Racine, 
Wis., has made its appearance. It is 16 pages and cover, and 
presents a bright appearance. The Journal wishes it 

Sorrows of an Editor. 

The U'fsfrnt Penman feels aggrieved that we should 
have criticised an advertisement that appeared in our 
own columns. Why, bless your dear, unsophisticated 
heart I Our opinions are not for sale, with advertising 
space or without. You buy the space and say what 
you wish, within amiable limits ; but never for one 
instant permit yourself to cherish the delusion that such 
a proceeding can subsidize The Penman's Art Journal 
into silence where there are misrepresentations to be 
corrected, humbuggery to l)e exposed and hypocritical 
pretensions to ba punctured. If you are atraid of fire- 
crackers, better not play with fire. 

Why ! why ! would you have us believe that the pay you 
receive from advertif-emeuts includes the price of stifling 
the editorial voice— immunity from criticism at so much 
an agate line i For example, if your tear- distil ling appeals 
for patronage to wicked copy-book publishers had evoked 
the glad band instead of the marble heart and the rom- 
pong boot ; if your oft-made genuflections had been re- 
warded with onesiugle little ad., wouldyour flue UV.srr'/-M 
r<-iuiiiia ronsciyuci* have impelled you to gild the horns 
of the Copy-book Bogy, plug the clefts in its hoofs, smooth 
out the forks in its tail, and make its serpentine locks 
the nesting place oi pen pinked doves and accordion- 
pleated eagles ? Perish the thought ! 

Sir John Gorat. who is at the head of the Educational De- 
partment in England, is m hot water for declaring in a 
public speech thdt '"at birih there is not much diflEerence 
between a baby and a monkey," and that the monkey has 
the advantage.— .V. F. Sun. 

If your sta- 
tioner hasn't It. 
' sample will he ] 
mailed for 
cent stamp. 
Stationery Department 


18-2^ Washington Place. New York 



It has occurred to us that a few of you at least, do not know what vou are missinj 
by not subscribing for the Western Penman. 

Perhaps you have never seen a copy of the paper, it is a winner ; all stntement. 
to the contrary notwithstanding. Perhaps you are being fooled right along by the fire 
cracker editorials that have appeared in the Art Journal regarding the Western Pen 
MAN. Perhaps you think the Penman does not stand at the head of the list. It doe 
though, and like thousands of others, you will agree with us in the matter if you lak^ 
the trouble to investigate. 

The writer of the following simply reiterates what has been constantly written us 

u see, comes from New York, the home of the Penman's Art Jour mi I 

New York, January so, 1S97. 

This letie 


iling ami writing nmtter Itcoiitolna. I th' uglit theP^n 
■ " pared lo the Westki n Penman Enclo ' 

. bpplnuiiie with the February miinlier 

1 the shade compared lo the We; 

.vlll I 

i. Pal IT 

and I am somewhat surprised a 
ht theP^nwian's Art Jaumal ra 
Enclosed pleMso find Sl-S."! for^whlch 
.mlier : also baiaD< 
WrltfnK (school eriltic 

Here is a young man we never heard of before, h 
IAN of so much interest and value. If he, why not you ? 

For ten cents we will send you three late copies of the Western Pe; 
IAN has a mission, and you will be very much interested in it. We c: 
in penmanship than nil simihir piipers Lunihiiiod P<rhii|t? you ;uu ^ 

f your offer No. 

? than 1 
the Western Penm 
(Kibbe's Alphabets) 

The Western 

re practical les- 

Uing to risk an invest- 

iiiH III! Ill h'lt /■< (;n(.i..- . I w j-.u, ,if(;, and we will send you 

I I M [ , ii-itructioiis for makiny. 

wurk nn penmanship on 

I :i I , :, I ;: . 1 1 11' ), flnd to help matters 

II - . i- U t Writinir. school ed'tion. 

mil order at oiirc and invution this punvr. 




t with B 


. Our larg'e catalogue 

derive you$100wort] 

dl information on poultry and incubii 
8 in the b 
. .25.. N. B, 

"The Bicycl'i 

and erlve you $100 worth of 
on poultry and incub 
there is in the business. 
- " B.-i 

d Repai 

M5 to any bicycle rider. 

^\ Km. ill.. 10 IbM.. tor ^\ 40 
l*l.;{0 per ipnm I'nMli with indc 
A.nbS Kk ROI,Ll\»ON CO.. 

'20*2 Brontlwar, New ^ork. 


Yov sbi:n 

Esterbrook's New Pens 

Vertical Writing. 

If not, yon should lose no time in writinfr 
for samples, and then ordering supplies 
through the stationer. 

No. !>o8. Vertical Writer, fine. 

No. .570, Vertical Writer, medium. 
Yon will be sure to like them, as they 
are exactly adapted for their purpose. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

26 JOHS ST., Nli^V YORK. 
Works, CAMDEN, N. J. 


A Rabbit*s Autograph. 

These fnotprints m the enow are always four in a set, 
the two fi-ont impreps-ions being about six inches apart 
and the other pair quite close together, or even united oc- 
casionally, or placed one directly in front of the other, 
the direction of the hare's course being plainly seen by 
the prints of the toes. But it will be a surprise to most 
people to find on examination that the widely {separated 
pa)*in front are really made by the hind feet of the ani- 
mal, certain impressions showing plainly the full imprint 



of the long hind shank even to its heel, 
joint of the leg is incorrectly called. Where the animal 
has progressed by slow, short jumps the marks of the 
long soles are frequently to be seen : but in the more 
rapid leaps, clearing from one to two yards, only the tips 
of the feet have touched the snow. A careful examina- 
tion of his fourfold autograph indicates the method of its 
technique. The short forepaws are planted near together, 
the hind feet then i>ass outside and some inches beyond 
them, and then follows a jump which may vary from 
two to ten feet— /^im//^>.^ Oibmn's Sharp Eyes. 





1860^ Business Coileize CoT 

TlaebvKle, Uenn. 

Guarantee Position. 



KASHVn I 1.. 11 \N 


V-butils, WnUi UB at Nulivltle. (UeulioD this paper.) 



viTslty.OrdiK] Build hiK.I'eachlref .St.. Atlanta.Qa. 



I.oriilon, Conn. Present dtnianrt for Kratluatcs of 
thf scliool (jri-atpr than the supply Cataloirue 
fre... H. A. BROBECK. Principal. 
Departmenta of BookkeeolnK. Banklnij. Penmau- 
. ellfp. Shorthand, Typewriting, Teleifraphy. Eng- 
lish, Gorman and Architecture. Terms of tuition 
reasonable. Send for calalOKiie. M.A.BIERRILL 


'■''yi?=^U;(l?,.?l'^*~T « STRATTON BUSI- 

NhJiSCOl.LECtE. Open throughout the year. Stu 
loiiiNvlIl"^K '"'*'' **' *"'"^ time. Catalutrue free 


6PENCER1AN Commercial anil Stiorttiand School 

VlS'" ""ll'.?',','"i .'^?,''',',"'"''i"' .'.r<«; Incorporated 

•-*";'.9. 'Sl-AND BUSINESS COLLEOB. 143 

J*lf°\!!.''....«'>...«. ITooklyn. N. Y. Catotlnie 


SOnETHINO NEW: A Beautiful School Song. 

lieet »u»le. Elaborate pen picture as froutls- 
lece. aOc. per copy. 8 copies, jOc. Address 

1 623 Coliseum St„ New Orleans. La. 



■hool of Shorthand and Peninanahip, Lowell, 
«»s. No vacation. Journal tree. OLICK & YOUNG, 


THE NEW WAY Is to do your bookkeeplntr In 

8lS"5mail. ICc^MsuJe. '"^NELL'S 
Truro, N. S. 
tario. 28th year. W. B. ROBINSON, J. W JOHN- 
SON, F. C. A., principals for 19 years. Most widely 
attended business college In America. Address 
ROBINSON & JOHNSON. Belleville. Ontario. Can. 


W H SHAW. Principal. Central Bits(ne5s Co\- 
lege. Stratford, Ont.. W. J. ELLIOTT, Principal. 
Two great Canadian sctiools, well-known through- 
out the Dominion for superior work. 


awRi'as'yr'pSSTar""'"" "'■ ">"""'■ ^^^'^ 

*"wefo^^v*v''",9'^';°«*''"'<: INSTITUTE. Oi. 

a°w'iiirwh%rco^?stv;,';r »s:,n.<.«;A,frd 

branches ta«ahnu"ail i!"^ s^lk,:",h 4orH,S 
?Jl«i.''.'iH"'«'"", f"'' "<""' Pitman sysloms. Clr- 

**fll N*Y aV^"^,^??, college. Poughkeep. 

TO^vl,;„ ; ^t' , '""""'"on of wide reputation, re- 
cel\ Ing a ^ational patronage. 


tV,oJ.^ .Vh„ !" "''S'^f New York." These well- 


"^:^J;^'*r BUSINESS COLLEGE. San Fran- 

../ r-V.'i ■iu yenPH tbe largest prlvflt«» sfhnni wp«r 

b'lsh.c^s men f-Jnner pupils i 

Artist and Instructor. 


12 in Business Writing, - $i- 

20 " " " - 5- 

20 " Pen Art, - - - 20. 

I dozen Cards (any style) - 30c 


Hartford Business College, 


ELLA E. CALKINS, Pen Artist, Qrov) 

id, Iowa. Your name written In 12 styles. 15( 
cards USc, specimens aflc, 12 lessons *2.50. 

5END 35 CENTS for fine specliT 


JIJ^,Schools. Rlchn o d 


and circulars free. 

R. M. JONES, Pen Artist. 10 Mabon A\ 

Pittsburgh, Pa. One doz. assorted cards, 2 

Doiiars. Terma. 'one-half In advance. Address 
D. TAYLOR, Ualveston Bus. UnL, Galvesion 
Tei. 1 ' 

A. E. PARSONS, Creston, Iowa, Sticks to the 

trnrtd nifi text, which has been a helpful suggesi 
thousands. LEARN TO WRITE \OUR 
end me your name, written In fuU, and 
and I Will send you one dozen or more 
ways of wrltlnR It, with instructions -, or send me a 
2-cent stamp, and I will send you. addressed In my 
o^vn hand, price-list descriptive of lessons by mall, 
extended movements, tracing exercises, capital! 
cards, flourishing, 

NAME. Send i 

need apply . 

postal cards 


A FINE plain and fimamental penman, whose w 
Is well known throughout the country, and ^ 
■3 competent of handling the majority of conir 
lal branches, will be open for position July la' 
ooner If necessary. Has nad ten years' experlcuc 
>ublic and normal schools and bus colleRCs. 

Tavlor and c 

A ] \l>\ 

1 public schools a d Ij 

\nd I as been 

IyAI>\ TEACHER of New Rap 1 shorthand 

Alvj - 
a d type 
Eng Ish brand . „.o- .- ■ >, 

gagement Is a graduate of a high 
and and typewriting course. Ten 
months' teaching experience in snorthand, typewrit- 

, rhetoric an 1 1 

hool and shorthand and typewriting 
onths' teaching experlen—^" "—-•»•— 

Ingaud grammar. Age20, .. -„ 

ill. ; unmarried. Good references. Address " N. .t 
care Penman's Art Journal. 

GRADUATE of a high school and of 

. N., 

post graduate 

. cou. with one year s 

ready for engagement 

n.. hue. ni-ac, law anc 

Kllsh, civics, pedagogy, drawing. 
thB. ftS.. W. & R. systems. Age *". 
weight 170: height a ft.; unmarried. Strong refer^- 

Is fan 

xperlence a 

Aug. Isi 
R. syst 

salary. Address " 

3 Penman's 

SiVBRY STUDBNT should have 01 

or 1 Pen, 3 printed alphabets with jnstructir 
anil 1 bottle of ink. 35c. Send 2c. stamp for c 
cular and price-list. 
Address. The "AUTOMATIC MAN" 
IC. A. Fniisn. 
fi.3 WabnHh Aw., Cbicngo. 111. 

"Mant" a&0. 

In anfrwering ddvertisements Honed by a nom-de- 
plutne, dd,ayn and mistakes are avoided by gealino 
and stampino the replies ready for mauinij and 
xmitiiig the nom-de-plume in a comer, then incU>8- 
ino Bttch sealed replies in an envelope addressed tf> 
The Penman''s Art Journal, ^02 Broadway, New 

> normal schools. 1 

ftrlth., gram., civ. 

dth; a ■ '■ 

unmarried. Fai 

xperlence In public 
'1th live years training In 
1 forenga«ei -' -- • '■ 

Good health; age 80; 

Address" Y. H. R.," 


McPherson, Kansas. 

Lessons by mall. Sample artistic writlng-^poetry. 25c, 
Sample qt. of my famous fine flowing ink, prepaid, 
80c. A photo engraved pen study 14 x 17 Inches, 5Uc. 
The above Si worth all for fifteen 2 cent stamps. 

W. J. HARTIN, Lc Mars. Iowa, Ai flourished let- 

aOc. Drawln 
all. Sdltferents 

lials. with 1 

and penmanship taught by 

■ engravers' copper-pU 

s for card writing, 5 

graved Speclmensof bis uneiiualei 


Situations ManteJ). 

BE PENM A N'r< ART .Kill KX A 1, TEACH- 



lid nboi'tliii 

II r " 


(.ciioolN anil ceackerB enal 

I'lil to select good teacher 

nail lee in ckariced the te 

made to the school. Itelii 

ff teachem. and well <i 

achers seekinu places a 

need auplv. Addr 


UEAII. aoaBioadwav. Ne "" 

. for ffood I 




' teaching < 

A TEACHER with high school 
coll. training, two years' teat „ . 
Is open for Immediate engagement. Can handle 
booK-keep., pen. and shorthand and other branches. 
Familiar with Williams & Rogers' texts: age 22; 
weight 145; height 6 ft. H In.; unmarried; good ref- 
erences; moderate salary. Address " Y. E. N,," care 

YOUNG MAN with common school and busl- 

college training with little experience in 

I for engagement as teacher of pen 

p., spell., etc. Familiar V""" -" - " ■ 


teaching 11 
arlth., book-B 
and Sadler's sysi 

Age 20; height 5 : 

. _. ow salary. His 

shorthand and typewriting. Address "SQUARE; 

rled: good 

wife teaches 

Penman's Ab't Jouunal. 
E A C H E R of ten years' e xperlence 
ivrltlng Is *"" 


Ugh knowledge of 1 



"'^"mKm^wrft?^'*?^? '" Business. Shorthand 

n.^ an. pl»y ."'^■.^■'K''^'' Training. Normal Train- COLLEGE, lOf) S. Main St.. Rockford. Illinol.s. 

*^A.SnfJ'^X. ^^®"^^SS COLLEGE. Normal 

In "tlim.. ■ 2 ,*"".?""'■ '■"yiiewrltlng and Telegraph 
Texas ' ^■"'"■'^'KUP- San Amonlo. 


^'^r.'^!:??^^,^.**!.'^''* Capital City Commercial 

"111 1.,. s,,i,t n.e"''i*^'^"''{, '^'^''''"^ "f ShortiuuKl 

ins/iVi^M ^ -^'''SA^^EY, Des flolues. Iowa. These 
I M 111 ions are n^8^eIa88 business training schools. 


*''^^?T.!l^.?*^. COMMERCIAL COLLEGE, M. 

v.,.,.,i.I..M V ^^*'.f- ''* '"^' "»* HKST. but nouther 
« ord u III deserlbe It bev-ause it Is HONEST. 


SCHlN^l.l k' ^ni I rcE OP BUSINESS, Norrls- 


"^sV.^;nl«!!.V?^^.?P.,P<'4-EaE and School of 
a E Huh*E^^7""«-<V"»'a»8'>lp. Telegraphy 
SiiihAi-i ».. %^"^"'>«^''- No Vacation. Day and 
night session. Penaaeola. Florida. 

V^TBE USE OF CUTS oyi this page or any 
!- r^/'"'" ■^•'''I" ""■ dcnerat style vf display trill 
ctist 50 per cent, extra. » j ' » 

penwork, and circulars giving full descrlptli 
and Information Cimcerolng, " Auto " sue 
Lessons by mall. Self Instructing " Auto • 
Books (In 5 numbers). Engraving. Designing, eic, 
for one 2-cent damp. " The Best Is Cheapest." 

W. B. DBNNIS, 3S7 Fulton St., Brooklyn. N.Y., 

Engrosser and Designer, 

WHAT Hammond says about Castronofraphy. 

" 12 page booklet with beautiful specimen of 

knife work s 

samples free. L. \V. HAMMOND, Ba- 

THE best Ink made. Get sample pint 


D. S. HILL. Hentnan. Draughoi 

. Ma.ssena. N. Y. 

, beautiful flourish lO ce 
All kinds of order work. 

In free hand drawing, S4.5I); aii'elegant 
of c-ird writing per 
Designs of all Muds 

i.; the flnest of 
made for engraving. 

P. M. SISSON, PeniT 

P. B. S. PETEk^ 

teach Dement < 
1 EnfAls 

* "Iner. 

VHeffli-y. E, N. Miner, Francis U.'kei 

, years' experience and 
everai years business experience as book- 
r, salesman and manager, is o en for engage- 
Has common school training, and Is a graduate 
ibards B. A s. Com'I School. Boston. Speclal- 
rc bookkeeping. penman»hlp and telegraphy. 
lar with I'ackird's, B. &S..W.& B., Ellis, sad- 
ind Crittenden's Systems. AgeM7; weight 13rt: 
, T) ft. 7W Inches; married; strong references; 
■ate salary. Address " ANI," care of Penman's 


public school education who 

- ' — ' - '■-■■ctlon and who Is 

open fpr engage- 

.f prlv; 

•^li.Sc. - 

IS are bookkeep- and 

.. - ,. „^„^. ... w Familiar with 

Sadler's bystem. Age 21; weight 150; heights ft. 11 
n.: unmarried. Strong references. Moderate salary. 

QaaHlr nnnr 4 <1 di-nao •' H H H " narc, PtrNMAN'S ABT 

Ueacbcrs TOante&. 



niei'cial, nnd ^horthnud nnd lypewriliiiB 
hiauchesouly. It brings teachers and Hchools 
iher. A large ucqnaiDtanee amoniE 
iable» the niaiiaKe- 

,„„ ers lor good schools. 

raed the teacher j no charee 
hool. Relinbe schools seek- 
ers, and wpU gualifled, reliable 
tteekins places are wanted for our 
others Veed}-. Address PEN- 
.. --. ^ ..RT .lOURNAL TEACHERS' BU- 
REAU. 'iO£ Broadway, New York. 

togeil — . 

schools and tea 
lect ffo 

all fee 

IN'S . 

ind drawing teachers. Many 

A'lll call In '97. 

, year. We have t 

parts of the United States and Canada, at all seasons. 
Write today lor particulars. Schools desirtnv 

the best teache 

their Interest t 

vices free, 
r In the right place Is our aim. Endorsed 

ducators. Kindly write us when In need 

1 teacher. W. T. PARK <, .MgTy Equitable Teachers' 

s Block, I 


VTED. — BookkeeperR (severaU 

TEACHER of telegraphy, 


of telegraphv and 

good ref I 

fOOd health; age 2 

engagement. Has a c( 
irhool training. Twoyei 

; low salary; ready c 



Address "COLLEGE," 

xperlence, who ha: 


Address " A. R. O.. 

I outlined 

teach short c ^ — 

books. Prefer some who can teach the " 
" Pitman " systems shorthand also. It will require 
persons who have some special talent for the work, 
salary, §40.00 to JSti.OO per month and all expenses. 
LEGE, Nashville. Tenn. 



A Tale In Two Chapters. 

Pe.sman's Art Jodtinal Tuache 
Dear Sirs :— It pleases im- 
have contracted with _Pr'>" 

- Ingmi 

Prof. Kip Is Just 

with s 

I ti-r 

service rendered, I have t 

furnishing r 

a good salary. 

Fraternally your!., 
E. H. MORSE, Prop. Hartford, Conn., Bus. CoU. 

Chapter II. 
n s .\rt .jocrnal teachers' bureau. 

accepted a position with E. H. 
" -- "-" "oU. Wl 

. I Joined anoChei 

■ I Imi^' agency and received no notices of vacancies. 
I'uur agency Is the one for me. 


• A. R. Kip. Napa. Cal , Coll. 
We have hundreds of similar letters on file. 

s Hartford, Conn., Bus. CoU. Will i 

erly adjubted, 2llc. Large stick India luk, i>Oc. 
Half stick, 3uc. laiossonsln Ornamental Writing 
or Klourlsblng. S5.00. Elegant copies and llrst-cla&s 
Instruction. 12 lessons In Business Writing. $4.iK). 
By taking one of the above named courses you will 
make wonderful Improvement. Satisfaction guar- 

Samples 10 c 

Circulars free. 


For Commercial School Book Publisher. 

For New York Commercial School. 




Bond given for lovestuienl and gocd salary 


Two for Pa. ftchool. One for Ohio sebool. One for 

^n*» fnr Southern school Oup for Pa. 

school One for Pa. sclooi. 

Pa. srhool. One for Southern school 

One for Pa, sehool. 

ECLECTIC-Ohio. com'l also; N. Y., good 

iipenlng: No. D.t Tcctcher t 


teacher ; \V 
Texas all-ai 
band; Itlo.> pt 


DAY.- Pa. 

siern Stale, Ene. and 
und teacher and B 
. and Benn Pitman. 
Ind.t also pen. 

Pitman short- 


N.V. 7 commercial and shorthand; 
system ; Pa., prln of short. 4ep't (to buy ' 


in school If pbaslble); ftlasfl.. Dement or Graham. 

Pen..rom'l and I. Pitman sbortband fir High S'-hool 
(near New Yorkt, $1,000 for 10 mos. N. Y., Peu.and 
book. W. Va.. all-round com'l teacher as manager of 
.... .- ., teacher -^ 

shorthand). Ten-.. , 
take bus. and ehort. 
all-round mau as it 
strong all-round r 

young penn: 

^N. li.. 

N. J 
1 schoo . 
penman and good 
jrln. of com" 
English and 
Pitman sh • 
ni. III., I 

Business Opportunities. 

IF YOr WANT to reach penmen, commercial 
school proprietors and teachers supervisors of 
wrlllnK and drawing, etc.. The Journal's want col- 
imins will put you In communication with them. 
Possibly you have a pen. Ink, penholder or something 
of the "kind to put on the market. You rnay want a 
partner for some business enterprise, etc. This Is the 
coluimi to put you tu communication with the right 

The price Is SS-SO each insertion (or ads. 
Dot to exceed one incu.^ Ittwo itiseriions 
be paid for in advance (85) the ndTePiieer 
will be entitled to a third insertion free, it 
1?OR SALR.— The good will and plates of a well 


good U-— „ -- 


advertised and widely used set of writing 

engraving '^ -■" "' -""""' 

; Internatli 

ciitiiK . ^wuu.CtS with prtfseill. uuoiutraa v. u.. .jj.. _^ 

;ood thing for a hustling advertiser. Address ' WRIT- 

Reason for 

Scbools ffor Sale. 

of furniture. Price being i 
profits. Address "A.B„" 

J Normal. Located l^ _ . _. 

12,t00, This Is a grand opportunity and i 

chased on easy t 

Noncompetition. Address "A 
BARGAIN." care Penman's Art Jouusal. 

OR SAJLE.— Flourishing commercial school 

i* eregsTntlyTocated, well aJlvertlsed 

and foreign publications, leading reputation in a 

letropolis of 700,0OU; slow competltc 

1 au<l good penman, good school, 

I'l and has other busi; 

double Itself. Fine prospects for 

Principal willing to t-ake 


II n 


30 years of agei. 

about these 
all who register In The Penman's Ai 
BRs' Bureau. Blanks and partic] 

Ft .- „ 
school in good locality. Enrollment last 
Good building, ample apparatus. Present oi 
other business Interests which demand his e 

jC newly furnished and equipped. In the best r 
facturing city of SS.OOu In New England, with tribu- 
tary towns of 40,000 more connect^-d by electric cars, 
Part cash and balance on time, or liberal discount foi 
1 excellent opportunity for two up-tO' 


school In the I 

; management. The oldesi 

States. Commert'ial shorthand and telegraphy de- 
Tboroughly equipped. Expenses low. 

of educational 

dress "IN VOICE.' 

ffor Sale or UraOe. 


AVE Yor 

adv't in tills columr 
e select audlei 
kind that it is possible 

trade for s 

alght business prln- 


70R «AI.E.-One new Odelt Typewriter. »!«. 

?d. ■•TYPEWklTEk."" 

select audlenci 

it is possible t<i 
dead property on hand Ih 
money, or to tr 
ad. and see how 

The price U 9*2.50 ench insertion lor ads. 

not to exceed one inch. II two insertions 

he naid for in advance (S>5> the advertiser 

n be entitled to a third insertion free, it 


FOR SALE.-A copy of" 
Gems of Penmanship" lu a-ruusi ijentui. i; 
ditlon. Price »6. "PENMAN." care PENMAs'a A 

FOR SA LE.— Copies for sale. I have a few set^ 
pen-written copies Including sets of Business C, 
Itals and Ornamental Capitals valuab e to prlv, 
learners, which I will mall, postage prepaid, for 5 
C. C. LISTER. 2438 Crystal Ave.. BaUImore. Md. 

Scbool jfurniture anC) Supplies 
3For Sale or Bjcbanoe. 

The price is S'2.30 each insertion for 

not to exceed one inch. If two insert 

be paid for in advance ($5> the advertiser 
will be entitled to u third Insertion free, il 

New and pecoiid-band. 
Stale fall particulars (coit- 
ditiou, name, publisher, 
date, size, price you want, 
etc.) in first letter. Address 
Penman's Art Journal, 203 
Broadway, N. Y. 


Result of 21 years' experience. 
One Dollar per Gross or Ten Cents per Dozen. Send 
'or a 'ITial Order To-dau! Address, 
^. M. C. A. Bldg. E. H. ROBINS. Wichita. Kan. 

H- date business coUegL 

m Address "NEW ENGLAND,' 

you changing 

. and would : 

1-hand books? Would you like to buy or 
some second-hand furniture or boolcs ? 
J going on all the time, and the books, fur- 
I. typewriters or supplies that you dispense with 

13 may save you hundreds of dollars. The JouR> 
pletely covers the field. If there Is any one w 

wants to buv or sell school furniture, supplies, etc.. 

ad. In this column will reach him. 

__ _ Have you tried my new 

S66 Here I '■■*^««t8"* or Dlamon<» 

GlOBs Xnk ? If you have 

not. then you don't know what you have missed. P 

will sell you six good sized bottles fortl. 


65 North Clark Street. CHICAQO. ILL. 


We have over four thousand vacancies for 

? must have more members. Several plans : two p 
ANTEES a sotlafactory po.^itlon for the coming Fall. Ten cents, e 
pays for a 100-page book, explaining the different plans, and 

true and charming love story of College days. No charge to employers for recommending teachers. Address 
BEV. DR. O. M. SUTTON, A.M., I'res'l and Mansger, Southern Teacliers' Bureau, Louisville, Ky, 

eason— several times as many vacancies at 
OS give free registration ; one plan GUAR 
/er or stamps (the regular price Is 25 cts. i 
ntalnfng a complete «S00.0O Prize Story, i 





Medal and Diploma at World's Fair. 
Gold Medal and Diploma of 
Honor at Atlanta Exposition. 


Has a complete alphabet for each hand. Continuously prints two letters of a ^vord the 
same instant and as quickly as one letter can be printed on other writing macllines. Re- 
sponds with perfect work to a speed of twenty letters per second. 

Double Speed Double Durabilty easiest to learn and op erate. 


Universal Key- Hoard. 

Very Prompt and Easy Action. 

A Powerful Manifolder 

Specially adapted to Telegraph ajid 
General Office Work, where the greater 
Speed of the Duplex is not required. 
A delightful machine to operate. 
Write for Circulars. 



General Agents Wanted. 


NinS & SHONE, 

DES MOINES, IOWA. 299 Broadway. 

Eagle Compass and Divider No. 569. 

For architects, draughtsmen, artists, school children and mechanics this 
handsome article will be found to be most useful and reliable in its work. 

While its mechanism is most ingenious, it can be manipulated wilh 
such simplicity that a child can readily and freely use it. It is not only 
unrivaled as a Compass, but its merits as a Divider are fully as thorough 
and complete. 


73 Franklin St. 

New York. 

Stutsman's perfect and complete self-teaching Compendium of Pen- 
mansliip: Slanting and Vertical: — for private individuals, home learners, 
the profession, Public School teachers, &c. 

9 In everything as Rood and In many 
•,e. thorough and practical worh. An 
)S a standard work of reference. It 
mmanshlp: embodying what Is prac- 
studfnt inventive as well as critical. 

Thia work U photo-engraved from ACTUAL. PEN-WORK. 

things better than any work on writing ever published. A simple, ci 
original work on a new plan, that \» particularly valuable to every < 
occupies a higher position as a work of value than any oiher work c 
tleally most useful to the teacher and learner. Its design Is to make 
and to qualify him by aiding him In his own production with the pen. 


You need something to assist you to Insti not lu writing those placed In your charge: this work comes to 


No one, male or female, who Is now a professor of penmanship, or who Is aspiring to that exalted position, 
will stop short of the best models for practice. 

Stutsman's perfect and complete self-teaching Compendium of Penmauship will make the student.* 
teacher, the teacher a better teacher, and the common school teacher asuccessful writing teacher. 

PRICE $1.00. 

Address H, H. STUTSMAN, - 

Los Angeles, Calif. 





Because r 

llothars to be taught lu Ibo Krc 
HtudyliiK It t 
aver 500 of the leading Universities. Collegea. Academies and 
Hi«h School* or the country within the past 5 or fi years 7 
if stetioRTaphem use and recoiiiinend It enthusiastically everywhere ? 
rtf writers of the old shaded and position systems chanKing off to the PERNIN ? 
hp .-xoIuHlvf WORLD'S FAIR award of MEDAL and DIPLOMA ? 

>The School Board was convinced of Its SUPERIOR MERITS and adopted It 
SOLELY ou that KTOuud. 
I. I. « r-oMMOV RP.N»E shorthand, aulcklv learned. READ LIKE PRINT, 


ID a COMMON SENSE shorthand, quickly learned. ^ — - - ■ 

ablr-of the hlKhest speed, and adapted alike to the comprehension or 
|r| find the ailult. 

POSITION, few word slffus. vowels follow consonants /n ''•' „"''*'"^' 
J for practlciil use lu 8 to VI WEEKS Instead of MONTHS and YEARS, 
I the need of a more facile and tCRlble shorthand, 
djiidged the BEST of till shorthand systems In use. 


funded If not satlafactory. Lessons by MAI 


The most satisfactory way to test the merits of any text-book is to give it a 
fair trial in the class-room. 


JfSCl'^wiRl II. 31. PKKMN. Autl.or. Detroit, jflc 

I AW A New Light! 

^-^1^;^ The X-Raj ,v/„ Shorthand World. 

c. Uoni'plc-tf honk. wlliii'ilniiMir. «l..ill. Cir- 
lareundwiMi|.k-8frcc. Writ, en day. 
Greenwich Business College, 

ICilal (ireinnlcll. l..lnii>l. 

When Ordering Typewriter Ribbons, 

i-nllfim niiJ Irtst lonppr thao 
-anVothormoke. Tl'iey urt' In Urifi- uni- by all tlif Ue- 
linniii.'ni" "f II..- KiiviriiiiiiHl. 1. li kTiilili nnil rallroart 

Si'iiii'l. ' I ■ ui.lloavohlsoll- 


iUK 1 


I I. A It. 

Rogers Manifold and Carton Paper Co., 


Hi'nilnimi't lor niiiiiifold I'liDor. <lp;boii 

Cb« School Record 

Le Clanche 
Ruling Pen, 




In of eyes, hand or body, 
asy and reliable. Send for 

Quickly leanifd ; no stra! 
Work uniform, aecurntf. ej 
Circular. Jlafblnos ivutfl 


Price :teducfd to 8*^5. 


the eugenc Ticid monument Souvenir 

from the broad acres of Eugeoe Field's 

rm'ofLove." Contains a selection of the most 
auliful of thepoeras of Eugene Field. Hand- 

of the world' ■i 
ibution to the Mo 
e cootrlbutions a( t 

ent Fund. But for the 
Rrcat artists this book could not have beeo tnaouti 
tured (or S7.00. For sale at book stores, or sc 
prepaid on receipt of $1.10. The love ofTenoE 
the Child's Poet Laureate, published by the Coi 
nittee tocre/*tea fund to build the Monume 
and to care for the family of the beloved popt. 

Eugene Field Monument Souvenir Fund, 

Munson Shorthand. 


Till' iirw ti-xl blink. ART OF I'H(>- 
\<)<iK.ll'Hy, sives nil the iiistiui-linn 
Miii-ssiii-y to niinlify yon to ilo tbf lift 
MinillmiKl woik. Pik-c post paid, «2 llii. 


yRWS AND TI^ACHBR contain'! 10 
IittHesofMunsim Phtmogrflpby each month. 
James E. Munson is now contributinf; 
(ditor. Subscription $1.(10 a year, single 
copies, 10 oenis 

Le Clanche Ruling Pen Co., 


• '%^%%%%%%^« 

ohlUB ov 

1 Miinson'ftsysten 
er the Held. It s 
-EDWAIflJ W. Boi 

I for the r 

. be the 

HiuRso!) PdoiiogiapliiG Putillstiing Co., 

154 Nassau Street, NEW YORK. 



The Viest clafte book published on the subject. 
Sample copies 3'> eentf., >einl lor circular. 

Addresa, C. V. CARHART, 

425 Clinton Ave., Albany, N. Y. 





This volume, whlcR has been in prepurallon 1..1 
utisurpa^Hed »'X(..'rioii*'o hi tho hl^ ^m 1 

"The speed -■'■1 1 ■ ■ ' in ' ' .> 

paratory sboriri:iii.i ■ ■ ■.:<.■: ■. ,,. 1, ,-ii -im^u 

■ fruits tt the author's almost 

rHee RtenoKraplu- 
I hard words. 

^lUlUl^ >. n 

lift. i:.-..,. 

SHORTHAND PVBtlCATION BVRBAV. 114 West 34th St., New York City. 

was adopted thiee ycar.s ago in the Public Day Schools vi New York City, and 
has been re-adox>ted each succeeding year. A gratifying testimoiiy to the rare 
merits of any text-book. 

. I the 

._ . ranged 

also In the 

this book. 

larly taken with 

_ _ _ bole of Part II.. 

Pres. East- '.Syeed Fracture."— liie Hon. John L. N. Hi-nt. LL.D.. 

would recommend " Isaac Pitir 

,-hlcli _^. 

t additions t 

Instructor,' which i 

.■ell to take Into consldc 
i have been e.\ceptlouallv 

which It Is 

have concluded for the future to give 

df'clded preference."— ClemkntC. OAiNtai, 

man Bus, Coll. and the New York 3u9. Coll. [ Ex-Fres. Board of Education. Ne 

Two hundred and fifty-two pages. Handsome red cloth and gilt lettering 
Price, $1,50. Specimen pages free. 


Phonographic l,esson Cards. 

(Ju9t puhlishcd.! A course of Shorthand 
Lesst)n> hn=fd on -The Complete Phcno- 

f^iMphic i-i^iriit'"r ' 'n ivhicii the princiohs 

4S, and takinybut 

Business Correspondence 

in Shorthand, 

*ype. and 

teaching. Thi.-^ 

utihut'ss in teacL—,, 

V iitlicr excellent featu 
jomniends It 10 the favo 
-J. El.Ml'SD FoLi-En. Prhi, 

orthnnd teachers pi 

E^" Send for complete Catalogue. Liberal Discount to Teachers, Schools and 
the Trade. Correspondence solicited. Address 


The Phonographic Depot, - - - 33 Union Square, New Yorlt. 

The American System 
of Shorthand. 

The Manual of Phonography (;25th thoii- 
sanii), by Kciin I'ilman ami Jerome B. 
Howard. Cloth. .•?i.oo : beards, 8oc. 

The Reporter's Companion, by Benn Pit- 
man and Jerome B. Howard. Cloth, 
,Si.25: boards, Si. oo. 

The Phrase Book, bv Benn Pitman. 
Cloth, $i.oo. 

The Phonographic Dictionary, by Benn 
Pitman and Jerome B. Howard. Cloth, 


Special rates to schools and teachers. 
-Send for our wholesale price-list giving 
e.\amination and introduction prices. 

Three Books for Teachers and Learn- 
ers of any System of Shorthand. 

How Long — A Symposium. Consisting 
of contributions from the most eminent 
reporters of the day on the length of time 
tjuired for obtaining verbatim speed 


The Mastery of Shorthand, by David 
Wolfe Brown. Official Reporter, U. S. 
House of Representatives. An essay on 
mastery by a master. Worth many times 
its cost to every young and to most old 
reporters. Paper, 35c. 

The Teaching of Shorthand, by G. A. 
Clark. The Phonographic Magazine 
S250 Prize Essay. It should be read bv 
every progressive teacher, regardless of 
system. Paper, 2sc. 

writing shorthand. A r 


blage of opinions and e 


of happy suggestions. 

1S9 pages, 

Cloth, 75c.; paper, sec. 



Typewriter Instructors. 

Accorttlng to the Eight-Finger Method. 

Remington Typewriter Lessons, by Mrs. 
M. v. Longley. Paper, 50c. 

Caligraph Lessons, by Mrs. M. V. Long- 
ley. Paper. 50c. 

The Smith Premier Typewriter In- 
structor, by Elias Longley. Paper, 5cc. 

The Yost Typewriter Instructor, by 

Elias Longley. Paper, 50c 

The National Typewriter Instructor, 

by Elias Longley. f-'aper, 50c. 

The Scientific Typewriter Instructor, 

■by Elias Longley. Paper, 50c. 

A special discount to teachers and book- 
sellers. A Single examination copy of any 
of the Instructors will be sent to any teacher 
who has not heretofore used them on re- 
ceipt of twenty cents. 

For Court Reporters and Learners of 
Court Reporting;. 

Instructions in Practical Court Report- 
ing, by H. W. Thorne. The standard 
work on this important subject. Exem- 
plifies, explains and instructs as to all the 
details of trials, teaching the short- 
hand writer how to use his skill in making 
a report. Contains valuable suggestions 
to lawyers and law students, found in no 
other work. Has received glowing testi- 
monials from official reporters, judges, 
lawyers, law lecturers, teachers of short- 
hand and the press. Cloth, Ji.oo. 

Published and sold at liberal discounts to teachers and booksellers by 

The Phonographic Institute Company, 

Write for complete Catalog. 




Two oriKinal works Tlic Wbitixo Teacher will give you more and better ideas of 
how to learii or leach writinjr. timu anv book published. Only .tO copies lef r. Pmchase it 
!in<l you will learn where u great many penmen (rot their " original ideas." Price SI- .Mono- 
i/ram«. iV- P j jqlaND, La Crosse, Wis. 

rrlLCrlMINL/ STUDENT. 4 back 



No3. and one year's 
sub. from June, '96, 
for $1.15. 7 spec. Nos. 50c. 


100 000 """""^ ''^"^ '''^'''' ''^^^- 

SincJ IOC. 1,11 one 1. 1 my fiii>' Artists' Pencils. 

Mention where you saw this and I will send a 

lotot Blotting Pads. Send $1.00 for the best 

Fountain I'cn on the market (gold pen). 




And No Less Good for Students and Intelligent 
People Generally. 

ily ! 


lilicnble I 
»i»toiy, bic 


ITS, bolh lov " 
aail an niiDple 


Did ycni know ol this e.dlegeV The idea that gave it birth was erne of the most brilliant 
educational conceptions of o\h- day-L'hautauoua made more practical, brought nearer down to 
date, and in oven closer touch with the best educational, scicntiflc and literary thought of the day 
Nevertheless, this brilliant scheme seems not to have succeeded financially- the history of many 
another really good enterprise. 

What remains of the college now Is a great mass of matter, rich in e 
liteiaturc and pedagogics. This has been carefully edited and published 

There are a number of different books, uniform 
from clean, new type on extra heavy paper throughout. 

An idea of the contents of these volumes may be had from hastily summarizing: the capti 

•ytliing pertaining to 
book form, 
size (about 5^ .\ 9-130 pages), printed 

ot ti> 

Andi. V 
this III 

!■ Ihr. 

alphubi i> i> i . 

No 3 In 

Young Teacii. I 
fi'omthepeii .ii 
Teachioj T'liii 

tically the cntirij cditiuii at a low lignn', and a 
price, inclu.. ing postage, is only 25 cents a volu 
send now. 

ns with a personal letter from Geo. W. Cable, the eminent novelist. 

I Ii to Young Teaoners," by Geo, Howland, follows. Then there is 

■■ by the Master literature-connoisseur of the English tongue— 
I out of an intelligent person's life not to have read and re-read 

II I he line of binjrraphy are two very g:raphic sketches— of whake 
> 'I :*( hop -tiiriMfr'^ .'..iBhrated essay on " Style in Composition ' 
,, I, ,1 - h Ml instruction are twenty-four compact. 

~, : 1 "I .ns, hints, queries, examinations, etc.. 

'"1 ' ,, I i.i'i' "1.1. il'ilr. Its "Ten Minute Talk to Young 

Mth all the leadin 

. r fnim Miss Frances E. Willard. The "Ten Minute Talk to 
I ro Grant. A wholesome article on "The Choice of Books' is 
n Mrs. Mary Sheldon Barnes discusses " The Best Methods of 
■ •• Letters to Dead Authors." by Andrew Lang, furnishes net 
I „M,.-l! fnn.i I'm- serious thinking. Thackeray. Dickens and Edgar 

I -I w ^'^"^ of the book are devoted to the teaching of 

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The result has been that the scholars 
have learned to slowly dr 
of the copies set. We hi 
the best skill in teaching w 
tofore been used only in 
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that we have a perfected c 
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complete outlines, time required, and exact COSt per student. 

Get this booklet and it will give you much valuable information. 
Sent on request, to any school or teacher. 

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•'^.2^zrj;^^i?^^«:2;;?2^#^^^C-<::^^^^!:^ L^^i^i?^i>^'e>i^-^ C^:;2^%^^S«^^2<' 

Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 



(•ions I'raelire. 

nberofTHE Jour 

iVo. in. — The work in this lesson is dependent in a 
large measure upon the mastery of the exercises 
anil principles given in the Januai'y and February 
numbers. If you have gone over all the work in the 
first two lessons in a thorough manner, you should 
have such a command over the arm movement that 
the copies given in this and succeeding lessons will 
seem comjiaratively easy. The more you practice, 
the more you will be convinced that it is the time 
spent in practicing the foundation exercises that 
leads to the shortest and surest way in learning to 

Wytting Across the Page, 

Xo. .'".—Much good IS accomplished by turning 
the paper lengthwise and writing across the page. 
The blue lines not only serve as guide lines for wide 
spacing, but the absence of any base line is one of 
tlie best means of learning to write straight on a 
page without horizontal rulings. The lines may be 
■i\Titten closer together, thereby enabling the student 
to write more in a given space. All the copies in 
Plate 11 are intended for this kind of practice. 

T/ie T^teval T:xereisea, 

No. 21. — The ability to carry the hand in a good 
jiosition across the page without lifting the pen is 
one of the most essential things in learning to WTite 
well. On Plate U we give the straight line lateral 
exercise to extend half way across the page, then we 
come down through natural and easy steps until a 
down pull is made on every blue line. Make the 
)'. 1'. ',)', o. a. c and s no closer than the space between 
the lines. The connecting line between the n and 
ir may be given twice that spac'e. In this wide 
spacing work be careful not to use the wi-ist move- 
ment. Keep the arm and the wrist as near straight 
as you can and do not use one ^^^thout the other. 
The whole forearm slumld be used, and notice es- 
l)eciaUy that the hand is resting and gliding on the 
nails of the third and fourth fingers. Many have 
tlie habit of turning the hand on the side toward the 
right as the pen travels across the paper. Try to 
avoid this and keep the hand in the one position. 

Xo. ,V, — The small exercises in the February les- 
S(m should receive a good share of your attention 
while working on the small letters in Plate 11. 
Although the small exercises may seem of minor 
imi)ortance to you, they are really of great impor- 
tance, as the movement must be brought under con- 
trol for small WTiting. We need more practice on 
small letters and exercises .iust at present. 

.Yo. .'.!. — Every line should be taken up in sys- 
tematic order, and at least two pages of each line 
should be written before another is attempted, and 
even more if the copy seems very difficult. Use a 
rapid, regular movement and do your best toward 
securing a smooth and imiform sti'oke. You should 
send me some of your best work on these small let- 

The Capital " .t." 

Xo. .'.i. — The fii'st down stroke is curved consider- 
ably, but the up line is made nearly straight. Do 
not finish the capital with the stroke below the line ; 
finish same as the copy. This finishing line is more 


practical, as the small letters may be easily connected 
with the capital. Be careful not to form a hook at 
the beginning, and see that the letter is nearly closed 
at the top. A speed of sixty to the minute is a fair 
rate and the count of 1-3 may be rrsed. Make the 
capitals occupy three-fourths the space between the 
Imes. The last copy in plate 12 will help you in 

that no course of instruction will do you any good 
imless it is worked. Simply glancing over the in- 
structions and a few hours of fitful practice will not 
help you much. It takes continuous, patient and 
systematic effort along the right line to make any 
pei-manent or satisfactory change in your writing. 
Concentrate yom' entire mind upon the work in. 


joining the capital to a small exercise. Study it 
carefully and write it with a free ann movement. 

The Capital "J!." 

No. i.'i. — The capital E is pronounced by many as 
being one of the most difficult letters we have to 
make. It wHU certainly bear continued practice 
for some time. First practice the oval, making 
seven down lines in each one. Large, then smaller, 
one space, one-halt space, then one-fourth space in 
height. In making the E start with a slight dot, 
form a small loop about two-thirds height of capital 

hand during the hour tor practice and be determined 
to achieve success. Anything short of success will 
only demonstrate the weakness of your will power. 

Criticism Colu 

I placed on specimens 

eubscribers Cor criticisms in 
personal criticism, send me : 
your work will be carefully 
tOKettier witli a lettei 

its and ft :;-cent stamp and 
ised and returned to yon, 
_ay best business style. Ad- 
tions to E. C. Mills, Rochester, N. ¥.] 


and finish with the oval. Two ways of making the 
letter are illustrated. Both are practical forms. The 
first fonn should be practiced until good forms and 
speed are secui'ed, then try combining them. Count 
1 -S-S for each letter, and if you can make from 60 
to 70 to the minute and retain legible fonns you are 
writing rapidly enough for speed work. Two pages 
should be written with each of the word copies. 

Hani Work, 

No. M. — Let us put forth every effort to make the 
practice from these lessons a success. Remember 

should be written with a faster 

T. H. D.. Jersey City ; H. V K.: .1. B. B. Mesa, Colo.; J. H., 
Lawrence, Mass. ; J. O. W.. C»uada ; P. M. B , Mesa Colo : 
K. C B., Meehanic8bur«. Ohio,-I liave no cllticiam to offer 
you on the work sent. You have an excellent foundation 
ipon which to build. Now see what you can do with th» 
small exercises anil word copies in February lesson. 

John L O . Carbondale, Pa.— I notice that your letter was 
written with flnuer moyement. but that you made a viRor- 


fleht to overcome it while practlcinB tfie larRe exercises. 
N vou want to work on those exercises until you 
' vour arm in every direction, without any i 

Som the'angers, before you begin on February lesson 

O B l.e Mars. Iowa.— Have you written at least three 
pages of t he oompact exercises ? Read criticism f or N. A. N- 


a would le (iifflcQlt tor any one to wnle a credilable page 
with the pen yoa use. Use Kood pens, ink and paper. 

F. V. H . Troy.— Tbe work sent shows unsystematic prac- 
tice. You adould beirin with tbe January lesson, and make 
op yonr mind to master everything as you go along. 

F. O. L.. Cleveland.—" Set lackest then one thing." Your 
work is all good, but that small compound curve exercise is 
too much for you. Get right down to work, and try to con- 
quer this important principle. 

J. D. P.. Ounnison: Gertie D.. Mesa, Cilo ; M. B. R. ; John 
M.. Brooklyn ; J. A. D., areeneville; P. H. H,. Barry. U. ; 
J. C. K., Mankato, Minn. : J. B. U. and C. P. D.. Hayden. Colo. 
—By no meuDs undertake February letson until you send me pages ot good compact exercises. Try to make light 
down strokes and make a dozen or two lines where you only 
have one. A number of the above sent in exceptionally well 
written pages otherwise, but we would like to have some of 
yonr be»t nmipitrl ej-enims. CO.MPACT EXEllcisES, COMPACT 

Sophrona U. and Olive McC . Mesa, Culo ; A. B. L.. Pine 
Point, and F. A. K.. Bockford (see criticism for P. G. L.. 
Cleveland). -Compact exercises are good, but the lateral 
exercises, the steps leading up to the "m" and " «, ■ are 
rather weak. Practice thei-e sliding exercises with a strong, 
eteady, muscular movement. 

C. H. E., Brooklvn.— I appreciate the eflfort you are mak- 
ing. The iW pages of work sent me shows good, solid, honest 
work. You have followed the instructions in every particu- 
lar. Make down stroke of " e " light, and try tbe reversed 
oval compact exercise again. 

J. T. S . Star, Iowa,— If you are teaching muscular move- 
ment writing in the public school you are doing a good work. 
I wish more teachers would induce their pupils to subscribe 
for The Jouhnal. 

A. W. D.. Norfolk. Va,— " My greatest difficulty is in turn- 
ing the hand over on the Hirle while writing a long i 
Can you suggest a remedy ?" Practice every day c 
ral and the steps leading f ' 
the " III " and " ii" Rend and practice carefully the inotrui-- 
tions under the tille : " Lateral Exercises " in this number ot 
Tin: JoiiKNAi,. Several bave written me lately complaining 
of this failing. Try the remedy. 

J. W. S.. Toronto.-" I find that my paper is rather light 
and my pens a little fine. (Gillotfs Principality No. I.) 
Would you advise me to change pen and paper at once, or 
nee up material on band til St ? " Yes ; change at once. You 
cannot alTord to waste your time \)y UMng poor material. 
The pens you mention are too fine for rapid business writing. 

Wt' art' mtirt' tlian jileased with the way The 
Journal students are taking hold of this practice 
work. Let the specimens come in lively and we 
will do onr best to accommodate as many as possible 
in this column. 

nyojtAviyii oi' lan. mills- vofies. 

The enfa-aviiiK of Mi'. Mills' copies that apjieared 
in the January and Febrtiary numbers of The Jour- 
nal was ftiU size of original, which accounts for the 
heavy lines. Beginning with this number the en- 
graving will be slightly smaller than the original 
coiiy. The size, as engraved, however, is exactly what 
Mr. Mills wants students to use in their jiractice 

Lessons in Ornamental Writing. 


(These lessons began In the February, 18tt7, nuinlier of The Joub- 

>Ai.. and snbserlpih.ns nmy start with that issue If desired.) 

Ko. -i. 

A Kivliw Hint. 

Before commencing with this lesson, as well as 
all others, jiractice fifteen or twenty minutes on the 
flat and shaded ovals given last month. This will 
make the muscles flexible, renew confidence, and 
give regulai-ity of movement, all of which are neces- 
sary before mastering this lesson. 

Capita} Stems, 

The three classes of stems herein presented are 
thii.He made up of the principles of last month ; and 
the different forms in Plates Nos. r,, 8 and 7 are 
those which constitute the principal component 
parts of the capital letters, which are to follow. 

Practice on them repeatedly and unyieldingly, 
tuitil you can make them well, for they will prove 
of much service to you later. Study the height, slant 
and general form. Write four lines, stop, go over 
your work and criticise: mark your mistakes, then 
write another four lines correcting your errors, and 
so on. \mtil you have WTitten page after page of 

Special attention should be given to the propor- 
tion of the exercise, and also to the different ways 
of beginning and ending each stem, as these fiiriiis 
will einible you to make etpially as many styles of 
capitals. Train your eye to see the faults, then 
direct your hand to coiTect them. 

i*trt/c JVicm&er Five. 

Work on the first three stems in No. .i until you 
can make them well. By mastering the first tliree 
in each of the Plates, the others will be compara- 
tively easy. The first in No. ,t begin with fiat ovals, 
the same as exercise No, 3 of last issue. Retrace a 
little at the top of the stem, and throw the down- 
ward stroke a straight line mth a slight cmve at the 

All stems should be shaded on the lower two-thirds 
and the vWdest part near the base line, as indicated 
by the little arrow. Make your shades heavy, and 
lift your pen quick, so as to cut them short and get 
what is generally termed a " snap " shade. 

Plate Xiimber Six. 

The forms in Plate 6 are those used in making 
such letters as F, 7" and P. Begin with a compound 

So many replies to The Journal's questions as 
to what constitutes a good handwriting have been 

curve, and take care that your 
straight nor too slanting. 

rli is neither too 

I'late Nunibei^ Set' 

Those in Plate 7 are used in making such letters 
as M, A^and W. Keep the heaviest part of the shade 
close to the base line, and avoid making the shaded 
stroke too much of a curve, or letting it drag too 
much at the bottom. The lower part of this stem 

received that it will require several month s^to^print 
them all. If those who have sent answers will be 
patient, their contributions "will be piinted in turn. 

The answers printed herewith are in reply to^the 
f ollo\ving questions : 

1. (ol What do you consider the essentials of a good hand- 
writinK ? (Name them in tbe order of importance.) 

(6) Name, in what you consider the order of importance, 
the essential teaching points to keep in mind to produce a 
good handwriting, i As ponition, speed, movement, etc.) 

should be nearly straight and the oval part is on the 
main slant. 

Sticli to Omc Co2}y at a Time. 

Do not skip from one copy to another, but stay 
with one until it becomes easily made, and be sitre 
that you swallow the antidotes according to direc- 
tions or a fatal mistake may be made. The reward 
gained will depend on the amount and (luality of 


2. Give your definition of muscular or forearm movement. 

3. Name and give reasons for the best position of; 

(a) Body. 

(6) Hand and pen. 

4. Name the best movement and give your reasons. 


Penman's Akt Journal. 
A Normal and mbltc School J^einnan Has UUh Say. 
1. (a) Legibility, Speed. Uuiformity and FaciHtyj go 


seed sown : therefore, direct every effort to reap good 
fruits, and not a harvest of " barren regrets." 

SifHlemattzc Your rractice. 

Keep your pages neat and clean, and file them 
away in consecutive order, until the end of the les- 
sons, so you may be able to see your improvement. 
Students luuler my personal instruction have their 
pages bound in book form, and you may do likewise, 
should you so desire. 

Shall be glad to hear from you again with a supply 
of your best work. 

hand in hand to make up a good handwriting. Easily 
read, quiclily executed, of uniform height, width, slant, 
shade, etc., and with perfect ease to the writer. 

(b) Position, Pklovemeut and Form. — X consider a good 
position of the body, feet, arms, hands, pen and i)aper to 
be the first es.seutial teaching points necessary to bring 
about a good handwriting. 

Without a good position the pupil cannot hope to secure 
a good movement ; and without a good movement he 
certainly cannot expect to execute a well formed letter. 
He must understand how a letter is formed before he can 
expect to execute it perfectly. 

Each one of these essentials is dependent on the othe 

and teachers of penmaDBbip who would be fcuccessful 
should bear thia fact well in mind and keep it ever fresh 
in the minds of their pupils. One might as well try to 
make water flow up hill as to expect to execute well 
formed letters while ignoring position and movement. 
and be equally successful. 

2, The Muscular Movement consists in the action of the 
forearm upon its muscular rest immediately forward of 
the elbow, the hand gliding on the nails of the third and 
fourth finger-s. 

It may be employed in making strokes in any direc- 
tion, and In tbe majority of conditions and circum- 
stances is THE movement to adopt. 

•i. (a) Front Position, as it brings thu arm into a bet- 
ter position to act upon its muscular rest and brings the 
work more directly in front of the writer, thus occupy- 
ing less space upon the desk. 

(b) The third and fourth fingers should be bent well 
back under the hand and kept in close proximity with 
the second finger, to insure a steady motion ; the first 
finger should be slightly bent and rest on top of the 
holder about one inch above the point of the pen ; the 
second finger should be slightly bent, allowing the holder 
to cross it at the root of the nail ; the thumb should be 
well bent at first joint and touch the holder at a point 
directly opposite the first joint of second finger and 
slightly undeineath—j.f'., the space being about equally 
divided between fii-st and second finger resting points ; let 
the penholder cross the first finger immediately forward 
of the knuckle jc int. The simplest, quickest and surest 
way for the beginner to obtain a correct position for hold- 
ing the pen is to let the arm hang carelessly at his side, 
when he will notice that tbe fingers are in the proper posi- 
tion to receive the pen. 

The hand should glide upon the nails of the third and 
fourth fingers ; the wrist and palm of the hand should be 
raised above the desk to a point that will allow the free 
passage of a common lead pencil from finger to the mus- 
cular rest. The arm should be rolled well toward the 
body to insure a free and easy motion upon its muscular 
rest. When these instructions are faithfully carried out, 
the pupil will note that the top of penholder will point 
directly over the right shoulder. The touch of the fingers 
upon the pen should bs very light at all times except 
where a shade is desired, then simply tighten the grip 
upon the holder and the pen will do the rest ; the shade 
will follow as a matter of course. 

4. The Muscular Movement is tbe best for business writ- 
ing, and where the writer is blessed with a good muscular 
development of the forearm aud can get it uuder his 
complete control. 1 claim the muscular movement to be 
capable of better results in professional writing, and even 
in large, bold capitals, combinations, ledger-headings, 
etc., for by adhering to this movement alone the writer 
is capable of greater speed, and the uniformity of letters, 
especially as regards the slant, is more certain. 

By all means, destroy the humdrum way of writing 
that pupils learn in public schools, and give them a thor- 
ough physical training in the muscular movement. Com- 
bined with a good position and with a fair knowledge of 
form, my word for it, any one can become a penman of 
more or less skill, and it only remains with the pupil at 
what point upon the register his degree of perfection is to 
stop as its final resting place. 

W. L. Dick, 
Teacher of Pettmanship in the Piercetou Normal and 
Public Schools, Pierceton, Ind. 

A Correction. 

The contribution in "A riood Handwriting " 
symposium on page 54 of tlie February number of 
The Journal, which was credited to B. F. Wil- 
liams, should have had the name of J. C. Mclntire 
of the Iron City Business College, Pittsburgh, Pa. , 
aflBxed instead. Mr. Mclntire neglected to sign his 
name to the article, and hence the mistake. 

If our friends would remember to sign all contri- 
butions and not rely on the letters usually accom- 
panying them, it woiUd prevent errors of this kind. 

A Four-Year=Old Prodigy. 

A four year-old infant prodigy was exhibited recently 
before the Berlin Anthropological Society. He is the 
son of a butcher, and at two years of age learned to read 
without nsMstauce. He know8 the dates of the birth aud 
death of all the German Emperors and many other noted 
persons, and their birthplaces, the chief cities of the 
world, aud all the gi-eat battles. He can read anything 
in print aud can talk intelligently about it, but finds it 
hard to learn to write and draw, dislikes music, aud hates 
pianofortes. The boy is physically well developed though 
not robust. 

A shorthand typewriter, meisuring only eight inches by 
seven, and four inches high, has been patented in Enjtland. 
It is noiseless, cheap, and writes in lines on a roll of paper. 
the beginning and end of each line working automatically. 

Business Writing Teachers' Open Court. 







Death of a Lightning Calculator. 

Henry Jones, who died at his home in Southington last 
week, was a character widely known, especially as an ex- 
pert mathematician. He was popularly known as the 
'* lightning calculator," by reason of his ability to add in 
an instant columns of eight and ten figures as quickly as 
he could pass his hand over the page. Mr. Jones was 
born in Southington, July 9, 16^0, and the only education 
obtained by him. outside his own efforts, was gotten at 
the public schools and at the Lewis Academy. He was 
a remarkably bright pupil, and at the age of seventeen 
taught his first sctxool in Wolcott. The next and several 
succeeding terms he taught in the town of Burlington, 
and later at the Cheshire Episcopal Academy and Mr. 
Everest's school in Hamden. From 1861 to 18(j:i he taught 
mathematics at Burlington College, New Jersey. Later 
he turned his attention to life insurance, and was located 


I City for many years.- 

Wlthout Hands, Yet Accused of Forgery. 

Anniston, Ala.. Jan. 21.— The Rev. A. R. Fowler, who is 
minus both bands, was arrested here this aftornoon. being 
wanted in Elberton, Ga., on a charne oE forging three rent 
notes and a mortgage on a farm. Fowler was pastor of the 
Elberton Presbyterian Cbarch for three months labt year. 
Fowler lost his bauds within a few weeks of each other about 
throe years ago. He took out au accident policy for $5,000, 
and seven days afterward one of his hands was shot off while 
hunting. When this wound healed, and before the first 
policy was paid, another policy was taken out. Fowler went 
out gunning again in a few days and came back with the 
other hand blown to pieces. The insurance company Is 
fighting the payment of the policies on the ground that the 
lo33 of the hands was not due to accident. It is not explained 
how the alleged forgeries were committed.— St. lA>uis Olobe 






An event that is looked forward to with much 
interest by supervisors and special teachers and 
p\ipils is The- Jouunai/s annnal writing competi- 
tion for imblic scliool pupils. These contests have 
liroven to be of (?reat benefit to all concerned. To 
tlie pupil in the stimulus it (jives him to excel. To 
\\\f.\ SujxTvisor in knowinfj how his work compares 
with that in other towns and in helpin;; him to 
enthuse his fn'^'l" teachers and pupils and induce 
them|to |)ut forth extra efforts. All who i)articipate 
get equal benefits — even if all do not win prizes, 
r Ever.v Sui)i^r\-isor and Special Teacher in the 
United States and Canada should enter his schools 
in the forthcoming competition. 
• ' TiiK .Jdl'knal has made arrangements with Chan- 
dler H. Pierce. Supervisor of Writing, Evansville. 
hul,, to act as judge. All specimens for this contest 
should be addressed to Mr. Pierce. The certificates 
cif award will be signed by Mr. Pierce, the editor 
and the managing editor of The Journal. 

Following are the 


The contest is open to all cities and towns in the United 
States and Canada. 

Any one or all grades may be entered, from first to High 
School inclusive. 

Send best two (only) specimens from each grade, and see 


that; the name of the writer, school, grade, aKe, city and 
date is on each specimen. This is very important. 

f ut specimens from each grade together, and fasten all 
itradei in one package, with name and address of supervisor 
on outside. This nrovents loss or miiing. 

The ago qualiflcations are as follows ■ First or lowest 
grade (it the numbers are reversed, as they are in some 
cities, the eighth will be the lowest) specimens must not be 

-,? w- ''• '■'"'" • *"'• '" 5''"'" ■ ■"^' 11 y''"" : 8th, K years: 
■ th, la.years; »th, H years; High School, IS years. This 
will i>ut all on an equal footing. 

Each specimen must contain at least (our different lines- 
not same line repeated four times. 

All specimens »iii.s( he in-itttn oi black itit. 
lo'^lSll-'"""" '° "'^ '" ^^' ^'"^"^'^ l"""!^ "»' i>t«r than May 

It will facilitate matters it our friends will mark all let- 
ters Biid packages pertaining to this contest : " For Public 
.-school Contest," Also put any special instructions or infor- 
mation on the package itself (and not on wrapper or in let- 

Thv Prizes. 

The prize certificates are handsomely lithographed espe- 
cially for these contests, and state, over the signatures of 
the judges, that they are awarded tor best (or second best) 
specimens of writing in that particular grade, in a national 

Two certificates are awarded for each grade, a first and a 
second ; this will make a total of 18 certificates. 

Special certificates will he given to the supervisors whose 
students secure the greatest number, second greatest num- 
ber and third greatest number of certificates. 

Remember to send all specimens direct to Chan- 
dler H. Pierce, Snpervisor of Writing. Evansrille 

What One Public School Teacher Has 

Two years ago. a young lady public school teacher in 
Massachusetts, upon the advice of the teacher of penman- 
ship in a Boston business college, subscribed tor The Pen- 
man's Art Jocrnal and took up the course of lessons then 
being given by L. M. Thornburgh. She had been told by 
her friends and some teachers of writing that she could nut 
learn to write well, but she learned to write better than 
the average per.son and succeeded in wmuiug several ot 
Mr. Thornburgh's prizes offered for the best work from 
his le.ssons in The Journal. This encouraged her to such 
an extent that she continued her practice and took some 
lessons by mail from Mr. Thoinburgh. Now she instructs 
her own students in the proper way and also imparts her 
ideas to three hundred school teachers and through them 
to at least 10,000 public school pupils, youie of the best 
movement exercises we have ever seen were executed by 
herself and pupils. All of this has been brought about 
by one subscription to The Journal. The teacher men- 
tioned is Miss Jessie G. Prescott, Principal of Adams' 
School, East Lexington, Mass. 

FREE. Penman's Art Journal and your favorite 
Educational Journal— at what you are now paying for 
one. See particulars on page 59. 

Sixth Grade Work. 

In .graded penmanshiii. each grade has work to do 
relative to that which comes after it. The early 
part of school training should be devoted to laying 
an able foundation, which is being perfected and 
solidified by constant attention to details. After a 
pupil has had five years of instruction the work is in 
a certain sense advanced, the foundation nearly 
completed, that is to say a fairly good idea of form 
and movement has been obtained. In the "sixth 
grade, it remains to perfect these, by the closest 
application, and pains-taking practice. The time 
devoted to each lesson should be from twenty to 
thirty minutes each day. At the commencement of 
the lesson on each pupil's desk should be placed his 
book, a piece of practice pajier, ruled similarly to 
foolscap, and a small piece of tracing paper. The 
first words spoken should be ' ' Take writing posi- 
tion," and the lesson not allowed to proceed until 
every one is correctly placed. This accomplished, a 
movement exercise drill not exceeding five minutes 
duration should be given. These exercises should 
consist of a simple combination of the capital letter 
which appears in each day's lesson, and one on- some 
particular small letter. A harmonious and taking 
exercise is one in which the teacher strikes a bell as 
each stroke or slide is made by the pupil. Insist on 
free movement during these short exercises. Next 
have pupils take book and place the tracing paper 
over the line of copy. Trace with pen, the teacher 
in charge counting with a fair degree of speed, after 
which trace twice more, the pupils counting in con- 
cert. There is a fascination about this ink tracing 
which is productive of good results. This accom- 
plished the practice paper is taken and the same 
copy written independently. Select individuals to 
count and increase the speed as the lesson advances. 
Pass around among pupils and call attention by 
board illustration to various mistakes. Finally have 
the class write in books, and as each page is com- 
pleted mark on the scale of one hundi-ed. 

Esther Aqnes MacDonnell. 
Supervisor of Penmanship in Holyoke. Mass.. 


Writing With Either Left or Right Hand. 

In many schools of Great Britain the utility of teaching 
children to write with both hands is being considered. 

In Japan school children are taught to write with both 
hands, and in this country the matter is receiving some 

Western Drawing Teachers' Association 
Fourth Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Mo., 
April 21, 22, 23, 1897. 

Miss Frances Ransom, .Secretary of the Western Draw- 
ing Teachers' Association, requests us to announce that 
the fourth anuual meeting of this body will be held in 
St. Louis, Mo , April 31, 2'2, 'JS. The International Kinder- 
garten Union meets on April 1!), 20, 21 at the same place, 
and those who desire to atteud both meetings can do so 


The meaning of the drawing is slightly ambiguous, but we 
take it that Mr. Hammond means that even this disconsolate 
individual would be made happier and brighter it he followed 
the Injunction on the fence to " Subscribe forTHE Penman's 

without extra expense. This also allows the members of 
both bodies the excursion rate of one and one-third fare 
for the round trip. Mrs. C. M. Riley of St Louis. Chair- 
man of the Executive Committee, has worked up much 
enthusiasm and interest among the people of St. Louis 
and a rousing meeting is predicted and expected. The 
programme promises a feast, as it bears the names of 
many of the leading educators of the countr,v, not in 
drawing alone, but all educational branches in general. 
Over sixty exhibits are promised from leading citits ot 
the West. We trust that the attendance will be large 
and that all will have a pleasant and prohtabla meeting. 


(These lessons began In the January, 1897, number of The Jora- 
4AL, and subscrlptlous may s 


one should attempt to 
teach drawing with- 
out the three solids 
here represented. 
They should be of a 
size large enough to 
be easily seen across 
the schoolroom. A 
croquet ball will serve 
as a good model for 
the sphere, a fi'uit can 
covered with white 
paper will answer for the cylinder, and a pasteboard 
box, which will do for the cube, can be made by cut- 
ting six equal squares and gluing them together. It 



is better, however, to have them all of the same ma- 
terial, wood being preferable. 

All natural or maniifactared ob.iects may be 
grouped under one or the other of the above solids. 
Objects having a continuous curved surface resem- 
ble the sphere, those having a curved surface 
arotmd one way the cylinder, and those having 
plane surfaces and straight edges resemble the cube. 
In natiire, the spherical and cylindrical foi-ms pre- 
dominate and in things made by man the cubical. 

Sludu of the Spheri, 

The sphere is the most pleasing of the three solids 
to handle, and is a favorite form with children. 
Many of their playthings are based upon this form, 
especially those which are propelled by force, such 
as balls and mariiles. Many varieties of fruit, such 
as apples, cherries, peaches and grapes, are also of 
this form. Children should, by careful questioning 
and eiperiraent, be led to see that the sphere is 
round in every direction, that but one-half of it can 
be seen at a time and that its outline, when viewed 
from any position, is that of a circle. The name 
" sphere " should then be taught by the teacher 
writing it on the board and pronouncing it care- 
fully. This should all be done before any attempt 
to draw the sphere is made. At another lesson have 
pupils write or tell the names of things they have 
seen that are shaped like a sphere. Some will men- 
tion such things as the face of a clock or a wheel, 
which should be corrected by the teacher calling 
attention to the fact that those ob.iects are round 
only one way, while the sphere is round in all direc- 
tions. This important point is sometimes overlooked 
by teachers who get confused between the real ob- 
ject and the picture or representation of the object. 
While the outline of the sphere is always a circle, 
all things that have a circular outline are not 
spheres. The drawing that the teacher or jrapil 
makes is not a sphere, but a circle, which is the 
picture of a sphere. 

To make drawings of spherical shaped objects, 
such as represented in accompanying plate, have 
pupils draw circles two or three inches in diameter 
according to instruction given in previous lesson, 
and afterward modify them by taking awayfrom or 
adding to the circle such lines as are necessary to 
correctly represent the objects. 

Pupils should be taught to sketch their outlines 
very lightly at first in order that necessary correc- 
tions may be made withoiat destroying the sm-face 
of the paper. It requires a great deal of practice to 
draw good circles, and the blackboard should be 
used freely for in-actice. Encourage free, bold di-aw- 
ing without carelessness. Permit us to again im- 
press upon your minds the importance of having all 
work done absolutely free hand. If the object in 
teaching drawing were simi)ly to get pretty things 
on the pages of the blank book, you might be justi- 
fied in permitting the use of compasses, strings and 
box-lids for getting circles, but since the develop- 
ment of the child is the object of all true teaching, 
nothing should be used which is not directly in line 
with his advancement. Have children understand 
that you want tlwir work, and you will, in most 
cases, get what you want. A bad drawing that rep- 
resents the best work of the child is a thousand 
times better for him than anything that he could 
produce by mechanical helps. Encourage every 
honest effort, but be careful that you do not encour- 
age a dishonest one. 

Stitdy of the Cithe, 

If each pupil can have a cube of his own for study, 
it will add greatly to the interest of the lessons on 
this solid. With a model in her hand, the teacher 
may say. " Children, we begin to-day the study of a 
new solid, which is quite different in form from the 
sphere which we have been studying. How many 
of you know a name for the solid which I hold in 
my hand, {All know it by some name, and most 
children will call it a block or box if the word cube 
has not been previously taught them. At this stage 
of the lesson this name may be accepted, as the ob- 
ject now is not to teach a name, but to learn some- 
thing of the solid). 

" Take the block from your desk and examine it 
carefully. Learn all j-ou can about it. Place it 
again on your desk and cover it with a book. Now 
I will see what you have learned. How many flat 
sides has it t " (Answers will vary.) Have them 
imcovered and examined again in reference to the 


number of sides. In a similar manner teach the 
number of corners and edges. By judicious ques- 
tioning, draw out the facts that the different faces 
are flat, square and equal. The name cube should 
be taught and used thereafter in all reference to 
this solid. At this time a comparison of the sphere 
and cube may be made which should bring out the 
following points : 

A sphere has one face. A cube has six faces. 

" ■' no corners. " " " eiKht corners. 

no edges. twelve edges. 

will roll. " " will stand. 

A sphere is pleasant to hold. A cube is unpleasant to hold. 

Begin drawing the cube by representing it as it 
would appear directly in front of the eye, showing 
one face (see plate). Such figures do not make 
pleasing drawings, but are excellent practice in get- 
ting proportions. Little devices, such as birds, let- 
ters and animals, can be added to keep up interest. 

In drawing the cube showing two or three faces, 
the front face should be drawn, the vanishing 
point (V. P. ) located and lines representing the re- 
ceding edges drawn toward it, after which lines rep- 
resenting the farther edges of the cube should be 
drawn. The tendency of children is to cut off too 
much space between front and back edges, which 
gives the appearance of a solid longer from front to 
back than from left to right. Little children by 
holding their models in various positions above and 
below the eye can he led to see that the receding 
edges appear to approach each other. Do not call 
this perspective di-awing. Say it is drawing things 
as theyappear to the eye. 

study of the Cylimler. 

Using the three models make a comparison, bring- 
ing out the following points : The sphere can roll ; 
the cube cannot roll. The cube can stand ; the 
sphere cannot stand. The cylinder can both roll and 
stand. It camiot stand as firmly as the cube nor 
roll as freely as the sphere. The sphere has only a 
curved surface ; the cube only flat surfaces ; the 
cylinder has both. The three models all belong to 
the same family, the Solid family. The sphere is 
the father, the cube the mother and the cylinder the 
big son who resembles both his father and mother. 
Place him between them where he belongs. 

Which will children like best. To draw a cylinder 
in the vertical position children should first sketch a 
square or oblong representing its proportional height 
and width, then draw the ellipse representing top 
end. To avoid a common error of getting ellipse 
pointed, have a very short curve drawn at each end 
first. Have them draw the line representing the 
front edge of lower end -mth a little more curvature 
than corresponding edge of upper end. without giv- 
ing them any technical reason at this time. The 
cylinder mavalso be drawn lying on its curved sur- 
face, showing it to the right or left of eye. For 
drawing objects based upon this solid, draw com- 
plete cylinder first, then change to represent desired 

" To^ teach these three solids properly is a good 
year's work for any teacher. When you have your 
pupils so they can readily classify the various ob- 
lects with which they come in contact you have laid 
a good broad foundation, upon which a substantial 
and pleasing structure can be built in future years. 


The International Public School Exchange. 

There may be noehinR in a name. The above caption 
means all it implies. Nothing will prove the conditions 
more eCfectively, as to progre,s,sion or retrogrcs.sion, m the 
writing of our public schools than a liberal exchange of 
work done bj the jjupila in all grades. 

Be sure the name, age and grade are on each specimen. 
I will gladly exchange with any and all, or 1 will send 
epecimens to any one for enough stamps to pay postage. 

How do you know you are doing well or ill, except by 
comparison ? 

A few figures in each specimen will aid very materially 
in reaching just conclusions. 

Waitingly thine, 

Ohandleb H. Pierce, 

Evansville, Ind., Public Schools. 


"It is tough, but true," said the Cumminsville sage. 
" that a man generally does not get any foresight until 
be is too old to have anvthiog to look forward to. "— f'lii- 
cinnM buiuirvr. 

Lessons in Vertical Writing. 


(These lessons heKan In tho .Tanuary. 1897, 
NAL, and subscriptions may start i 

If one writes with the forearm or muscular move- 
ment in slanting wiiting, exercises for the simple 
acquirement of this will not be necessary. Exercises 
for the acquirement of movement and form can be 
made from many of the Spencerian letters with but 
slight modification of the regular forms. The forms 
in the vertical script are more simple, and if exer- 
cises are made from them, they vrill be so changed 
that little will be gained so far as form ,is con- 
cerned. Tracing exercises can be made from a few 
of the letters, such as A, C and E, -with only slight 
modification, but we believe repeating words and 
letters ,iust as they are will answer the purpose just 
as well, and for the average child in the grades will 
be much better. Drill upon the capital letters, the 
words given in last article and other similar ones 
throughoirt the entire course. 


In applying this to a class it will be best to regu- 
late the sjieed with which pupils write. This can 
be done by counting. Do not count for every stroke 
as it tends to produce angular writing, to prevent 
freedom, and to repress individuality. The constant 
tise of metronome is discouraged for the same rea- 
sons. Give one count for each letter, but continue 
it only huig enough to show pupils the rate retiuired. 

AtroUl Lateral Movement. 

So mucli lateral movement is used in slanting 
writing that it is quite likely to affect our vertical 
writing as shown by the word " rain " in the last line 
of the copies given this month. Notice the narrow 
turns at top and bottom of letters. Notice that up- 
ward strokes are straight and slope about the same 
as in slanting vfriting. It is difficult to write this 
style, esjiecially with any freedom. It is usually 
the result of trying to maintain a stationary arm 
rest, and to swing the forearm hinge-like as in slant- 

ing writing. Roll the arm instead of swinging it, 
and it will produce upward strokes that are curved, 
and in a more uijright position. 

CoiiibhKtl Italher Than Pure forearm Mneetnenl. 

The fitigers may bend a little when taaking the 
capital and loop letters. It is not necessary for the 
adult to do this, although most of us do, but we be- 
lieve it is far better to have pupils in the grades use 
this combined movement than it is to have them try 
the pure muscular movement. 

SI and A'. 

In making capitals M and jV, avoid making up- 
ward strokes too slanting and too straight as shown 
by the incorrect forms. Let the upward strokes 
trace back on the downward as this will enable us to 
roimd out the letters at the top. 
r «>irf u. 

The difficult points in Y and U are at the lower 
part. Use a brisk movement when making this 
part. If we hesitate at the lower turn or use too 
slow a movement, the letters will be narrow and 
pointed. If a loop is made at top of U and Y, it can 
be avoided by hesitating an instant before making 

can. by practice, extend the length of the exercise 

Why does he not say that one can extend the exer- 
cise across' the page of foolscap ? He certainly can 
if it is a true movement, and that seems to be what 
he is driving at. 

" By having only about half the forearms on the 
desk and by keepmg them near the body the weight 
of the arm will be supported largely from the 
shoulder. This does not mean full arm movement. " 
Indeed ! the arm is supported from the shoulder, 
making the shoulder the center of motion. The arm 
working freely the whole length, as it umst if this 
exercise, "No. a," is extended at all, and yet it is 
not whole arm movement. Well, pray tell us what 
it is. And what is whole arm movement '( 

If the desk is low enougn to allow the arms to 
drop to within three inches of the body the eyes will 
be too far from the paper. How is he going to 
remedy that V Perhaps he will get some of New- 
lands' patent desks made upon the hygienic vertical 

I will simply add that with the amount of wr:t- 


Xncoyr(.c\$(o^m«. yAXKAyVXy 


the do%vnward stroke. Review the work in two 
former articles and practice the capitals and words 
before trying the sentences. If the sentences seem 
difficult, practice each word separately. Be careful 
not to throw the weight of upper part of body on 
the arms as this makes it difficult to write across the 

ten work our children are obliged to produce, Mr. 
Houston will find it impossible to have children in 
lower grades, at least, write with whole arm move- 
ment. Perhaps that is why he does not call this 
whole arm movement ; but a rose with another 
name will have ,iust as many thorns. 

W. F. Lyon, 
Supervisor of Writing, Detroit, Mich. 

A Criticism on Mr. Houston's Vertical 
Writing Instructions. 

I have noted quite carefully Mr. Houston's article 
on vertical writing in the January number of The 
Journal and with your permission I would like 
to offer a few criticisms. 

He says, " Practice No. 1 with a brisk movement 
until all trace of slanted ovals has " 

Does he not know that if the paper is held squarely 
in front of body the oval will be vertical 
and will only become slanting when the paper is 
slanted 'I 

' • In practicing No. 3 make the exercise extend as 
far across the page as possible without stopping. 

" With feet flat on the floor and body erect enough 
and balanced so the arms resting on the desk do 
not have to support the upper part of the body one 

Recent Public School Book Adoptions. 

American Vertical System of Penmanship.— Long Islaiid 
City, N. Y. 

Spencerian Vertical Copy Books.— St. Vincent de Paul's 

School, Brooklyn, N. Y. : Hollis, X. 1. ; Girard College, 

Philadelphia, Pa. ; Norwood. N. Y. : South River, N. ,J. : 

Little Falls, N. Y. ; Tampa, Fla. ; Niagara Falls, N. Y. 


Prang Drawing System.— Jacksonville, Fla. 

Eclectic Drawing System.— Blossburg, Pa. ; 

American Drawing Series.— .lerseyville. 111. 

Peterman's Civil Government.— Holmes, Ohio. 

Fame comes only when deserved, and then it i 
evitable as destiny, for it is destiny.— iongr/cHoiD. 

• \y^/y\^r/^ - 1 y^/^^J 7^/r \x^/^/yr/7r7^7y\ 











School anp Personal. 

— The Journal desires its news columns to be what 
this heading states— a mirror of the profession, and we 
always appreciate any courtesy extended by our friends 
in sending any news about new schools, movements ot 
teachers and items of general interest. We wish school 
proprietors would keep us posted about the changes in 
the faculty, and send in other news items in regard to 
their school or anything that they thinis would be of in- 
terest to Journal readers. Teachers and subscribers of 
The Journal can help make this department interesting 
to all readers by sending information for any of the 
various departments. The Journal devotes considerable 
tiriie and money to this feature, and we are encouraged 
in doing it by the many favorable comments we get trom 
our readers. As in other departments covered by The 
Journal, we desire to continue to lead in the news line. 
When anything happens to yourself, your school or in 
your neighborhood that is suitable for these columns, 
don't fail to let The Journal know of it as soon as possi- 

— Recent callers at The Journal office were ; C. A. 
Bliss, Bliss B. C, Dover, N. H.; F. H. Bliss, Bliss B. C, 
Newburyport, Mass.: Mr. Schell, Schell's B. C, Ho- 
boken, N. J.; C. M. Robinson, Chappaqua, N. Y., Insti- 
tute ; E. L. Grandy, Cohoes, N. Y.. School of Bus.; W. 
E. Dennis, Brooklyn, N. Y.; S. A. Phillippy, Coleman's 
Nalional B. C, Newark, N. J.; B. T. Chaney, Dover, N. 
J., B. C; G. C, Raynor, Polytechnic Inst., Brooklyn, N. 
Y.; S. S. Packard, Packard's B. C, N. Y.; E, E. Ferris, 
Eagan's School of Bus. Hoboken, N. J.; R. A. Kells, New 
York Bus. Inst.; C. B. Hall. Spencerian B. C, Yonkers, 
N. Y.; Eben Hearne, J. E. Souers, N. Y. City ; H. Cole- 
man, Coleman'.s Nat'l B. C, Newark, N. J. 

— Among the new schools lately brought to our notice 
are the following : Berkshire B. C., Pittslield, Mass., W. 
P. Tangye, Prin —South Florida Slil. & Edu. Inst., Bar- 
ton, Fla., Jno H. Bridges, Prin.- Christian Bros. School, 
(13 Jay St., Detroit, Mich.— Salamanca, N. Y., B. C, 
Joseph Leming and Henry E. Greer, Props., Henrv E. 
Greer, Pnn.— The University Academy, Paris, Texas', E. 
M. Chartier, Pres., Jno. W. Wilkinson. Prin.— St. James 
School, 303 St. Dennis St., Montreal, Canada, B. L. 
Richarius, penman. —!jt. Joseph Scholastical, East Ot- 
tawa, Can., Bernard Fletcher, penman. —Massengale's B. 
(.'., Birmingham, Ala.— Gouverneur. N. Y., B. C. W. B. 
Thuyer, Prin. 

— The following changes have taken place in school 
names and school management recently ; Shaw's B. C, 
North Adams, Mass.. E. J. .Shaw, Prin., has changed its 
name to the Berkshire B. C; the Indianapolis, Ind., Coll. 
of Com,. C. S. Perry, Prin., is now known as Perry's 
Mercantile Coll.; H. C. Rowland has disposed of his in- 
terest in the Capital City Com'l Coll., Charleston, W. Va., 
to his former partner, W. B. Elliott. Mr. Rowland has 
pur.;hased the " Zanerian Compendium ot Business Pen- 
manship," and is now publishing it, with headquarters 
at Columbus, Ohio; C. E. Jones, Prin. of Jones' B, C, 
Chicago, has moved his school down town, and is now 
located at 94 East Washington St.; F. H. Harper, for- 
merly ot Columbus. Ind.. has bought the luternational B. 
C, E. Saginaw, Mich.; S. McVeigh, part owner of the 
Spencerian B. C, Indianapolis, Ind.. informs us that the 
school has been sold, but we have not heard to whom. 

— The Sunberry, Pa.. B. C, has closed. 

— Letters addressed to the Flower City B. C , Canan- 
daigua, N. Y., and Albion, N. Y., B. U., have been re- 
turned, indicating that the schools have closed. 

— In the February number of The Journal we an- 
nounced the closing of Buena Vista Coll., Storm Lake, 
Iowa. It was a mistake, however, and P. B. S. Peters, 
Prin. of the penmanship and com'l department, writes us 
that school is running and is in a verv prosperous condi- 

— The Daily Ledger of Birmingham, Ala., February 3, 
contains an account ot the opening of Massey B. C , in 
that city. The Mayor of Birmingham, ex-State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction Jno. G. Harris, and other 
noted people were in attendance at the opening, which 
was further enlivened by music trom an excellent or. 
chestra. School opened with 150 students and bright pros- 
pects. The proprietor is R. W. Massey ; W. N . Smith, 
Pnn.; A. W. Orton, Prin. of shorthand dept. 

— Ninimo's Shorthand and Bus. Academy, Sarnia 
Ont.. an institution which opened in September, has made 
a good start, and has a bright outlook. A S Nimmo is 
proprietor; M. Campbell, prin. of com'l dept.- Miss M 
M. Nimmo, secretary. 

— The Hamilton, Ont., Spectator devotes nearly a 
column of space to an interesting account ot the celebra- 
'l°?,.°'r,""' fonrteenth anniversary and reunion banquet 
ot the Hamilton B. C, C. R. McCullough, Prin. Members 

of Parliament, literary men, president of the Board ot 
Trade and other noted Canadians responded to the toasts. 

— Just to show that they are not entirely one sided, 
many of the penmen are branching out into other lines 
and achieving great things. G. E. Snyder, Prin. Wood's 
B. C, Shenandoah, Pa., has favored us with a copy ot a 
song, " Adieu," words and music ot which are of his own 
composition. It is a very pretty song, and does credit to 
Mr. Snyder's lyrical and musical ability. 

— M. L. Miner was born in Leyden, Mass.. and until 
twenty years ot ago spent his time in much the same 
manner as the average country boy. At the age of fit- 
teen he went to Power's Institute, Bernardston, Mass. 
On his eighteenth birthday he opened his first ^chool on 

East Mountain, 

Guilford, Vt, 
and as was the 
custom " board- 
ed around." So 
successful was 
he that he de- 
termined to 
make teaching 
bis life work, 
and the money 
ciirned in this 
and succeeding 
terms was spent 
in securing 
higher educa- 
tion. In ls8:i he 
^'raduated from 
the academy in 
Brirafield, Mass. 
The next: year 
he was principal 
lit the Grammar 
School in Bonds- 
ville, Mass., 
which position 
he resigned to 
enter the Roch- 
ester, N. Y., 
Bus. Univ. The 
management of 
the Rochester 
B. U. secnred 
him a place as 
teacher in 
Prickett's Coll. of Com., Philadelphia, where he re- 
maired one year. He next taught in Cleary's B. C, 
Ypsilanti, Mich., and later became half owner of the 
Interlake B. C, Lansing, Mich. He next taught in 
Drake's, Jersey City. B. C. for one year, and from there 
went to Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y., where he taught 
for tour years in the commercial department. When this 
department was detached from Pratt Institute and 
opened as a separate school, Heffley Coll. of Com., Mr. 
Heffley retained Mr. Miner as head of the commercial de- 
partment. Mr. Miner is a many sided man, and takes 
deep interest in church and Y. M. C. A. work. He was 
general secretary of the Lansing, Mich.. Y. M. C. A . for 
one year. He has read law and has studied in the Uni- 
versity of the City ot New York, taking a course in peda- 
gogy, which course he hopes to complete in the near 
future. He is Brooklyn's salt water Isaac Walton and for 
several years has been manager ot the Brooklyn i' M C 
A. Fishing Club. A Journal editor had the privilege of 
being the guest of the club during the past summer and 
was thus posted on the jolly times they have, and is pre- 
pared to vouch for some, at least, of Mr. Miner's big flsh 
stories. The portrait of Mr. Miner shown herewith 
represents him in an •■ after taking " attitude. The pho- 
tograph was taken by an amateur just as Mr Miner 
stepped from the fishing boat, and the cod flsh in the pic- 
ture are his individual catch. He is happily married and 
has an interesting family of five children To Mrs 
Miner's help and encouragement he ascribes much ot his 
success in his work. 

— S. M. Sweet, Pres. New Castle, Pa., B C reports a 
fine attendance, and that the school is a great success in 
every way. 

--Several papers published at Ottawa, 111., gave a very 
readable account of the banquet, held by students and 
faculty, to celebrate the clo'e ot the second term of the 
Pleasant View Lutheran Coll. ot that place W Gnv 
Roseberry, Prin. of the penmanship and com'l dents 
responded to a toast •' Action," in such a humorous man: 
ner as to convulse the audience with laughte" 

- Milton Carlson, Los Angeles, Cal., is teaching 1.50 
ruZesThL^nl'"'™'^ "' P'-^^^"'- "« ""'- - i>-d?d 

^^<s>^^^'^sz^^\^^;i^ «N ?'3"'. 

C^^^B^^YS^^-S^'— .^~|£ e 
work, and this is the first time I have permitted n„vVi?fS 
of the kind to be brought before the stn!?i„f„ ""/"^'De 
care, and I will frankl? admitryt^haf whdeThe're Zl 
many other similar publications in your line for which I 
have a very high respect, there is not another that T 
would grant that privilege to, and this I think shonl,! 

MAN'riRT'"jol^Hf.°?'^ 'f'r' n-.v estimate Of The Pen- 
MAN .s ART JOURNAL. I have watched The Jourxai 
with much interest tor the past 20 venra i iT.™ 1 
of the irrfiskt KtT^■,tr^^a ,^ ,,'"**1' "1;' V^ars. 1 have known 
oi tne great struggle it has had to wage - T havo ^Ht 

'Z^^^^s:i^.^^^ ->"- it^So"w7Su?i't^"s 

th7t?he°sch^oi''isprS^^SX'i.it7tthild ?' ""**! 
they have been o^ligS Sf rv^"Sit'o1al?|^? I'nT^etTer 

turnishetl quartei-s. The school is now elegantly locate^ 
un the leading business street, and occupies the entire 
s-icond floor of a building 40 x 180 feet. To emphasize 
the size of the school, Mr. Blair incloses a club of 86 sub- 

— In a letter received from A. V. Felght, teacher of 
com'l branches in the Stockton, Cal., B. C, he states that 
business colleges are looking up on the Pacific Coast, and 
that the Stockton B. C is doing well, with a great improve- 
ment over last year's busiuess. He also writes : " 1 like 
the spice you are putting into The Journal, and admire 
your stand on the question ot writing in the public 
schools." Asa practical indorsement of these sentimente, 
F. O. Gardiner, penman of the school, with Mr. Feight*s 
assistance, has sent in a list ot 50 subscribers. 

— We hare received trom Wm. Geo. Bruce, secretary 
of the local committee National Educational Association, 
a circular in regard to the forthcommg meeting at Mil- 
waukee, Wis., July 6-9, 1897. We notice that Robt. C. 
Spencer i^ also on the local committee. Low railroad and 
hotel rates, splendid programme and a general all-around 
good time are promised. 

— C. A. Bernhard, formerly Prin. of com'l dept., High 
School, Effimgham, Kans., and now Prin. of penmanship 
and com'l depts. in the University of the Pacific, College 
Park, Cal., writes an interesting letter in regard to his 
work. Penmanship had never been taught in the college 
or the preparatory academy connected with it, and was 
not taught by a professional penman even in the commer- 
cial department, until Mr. Bernhard's advent. After 
much hard work, he has succeeded iu enthusing the fac- 
ulty and students, and has a writing clafis of 40, with a 
large enrollment in the commercial department. All are 
much pleased with his work. 

— Edwin H. Graver, Ebensburg, Pa., who was awarded 
the certificate for the greatest improvement from Mr. 
Lister's lessons in The Journal during ".»6, was the 
recipient of a very complimentary notice in the Patton, 
Pa., Courier, apropos of his winning this certificate, and 
one from G. E. Crane of the Saudusky, Ohio, B. C. 

~ Henry B. Noble, Jackson, Ky., who is greatly inter- 
ested in public school work, and particularly penmanship, 
writes : " 1 take The Journal tor its company on Sun- 
days. I am a merchant and don't have the time for the 
necessary practice. I hope to see The Journal in the 
home of every teacher in our country and in thousands of 
other homes. I know there is no other joarnal of its 
kind that affords the instruction contained in The Pen- 
man's Art Journal. " 

— On the morning of February 1 fire was discovered in 
the boys' dormitory of the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary 
at Lima, N. V., and the building was burned to the 
ground. There were 100 boys in the building, and while 
all escaped with their lives, they all lost their books and 
clothing. The building was valued at $30,000, and was 
fully insured. 


— On Wednesday, February 24, 1897, at Boston, Mass., 
Miss Sadie Heyward Moore was married to Fred. H .rts- 
horn Burdett. At home after June 1, f)-3y Main St., 
Woburn, Mass. Mr. Burdett is of the firm C. A. & P. 
H. Burdett, proprietors Burdett Business College, Boston, 
Mass., and his thousands of friends throughout the coun- 
try, we know, will join The Journal in congratulations 
nda best wishes for his future happiness. We haven't the 
pleasure of the bride's acquaintance, but knowing Mr. 
Bardett as we do, we can imagine the wise choice he has 

Movements of the Teavhi-rs. 

— O. F. Amburn is connected with the Galveston, 
Texas B. U. J. B. Gambill is conducting a class in pen- 
manship with, success in Colo, towns and is receiving com- 
plimentary notices from local papers. His P. O. is Steam- 
boat Springe, Colo C. A. Hinchee has resigned his 

position as principal of the Bus. Dept. of Galloway Coll., 
Searcy, Ark., and is succeeded by Miss Clare Neill. Mr. 

Hinchee has engaged iu mercantile bus. Miss Eva M. 

Blair is principal of the Pen. Dept. of the Northern 
Iowa Nor. and Com. School, Algona, Iowa. C. L. Bar- 
rett, late penman of La Junta, Colo, B. C, has severed 
his connection with that school and has started a school 
of penmanship of his own. — — F. D. Lanning. formerly of 
Harvard, 111 . is now teaching in the Green Bay, Wis., 

B. C. Walter Prall is now teaching in the N. I. Coll. 

ot Fulton, 111. F. F. Dutton, late of Atlanta, Ga.. is 

now connected with the Glens Falls, N. V., B. C. Miss 

Mary Hurt has charge of the penmanship in the Keachie, 

La., Male & Female Coll. Chas. T. Frecker is teacher 

of penmanship and shorthand in the Tampa. Fla.. B. U. 

E. L. Blaisdale, formerly of the Springfield, Mass., 

B. C, ia now connected with the Childs B. C. of Spring- 
field. E. L. Hooper, formerly penman of Westbrook, 

Me., Sem., has received a chU to the ministry and holds 
weekly services in different places. He is attending 
school, teaching penmanship at Hebron Acad., and the 

evening class ot the Y. M. C. A. at Auburn, Me. Miss 

Bessie J. Tait succeeds her brother as principal of the 

Tacoraa, Wash.. B. C. Clyde Jones is now located in 

Youngstown. Ohio. J. E. Selfe is principal of the pen- 
manship dept in the Western Nor. Coll., Bushnell 111. 

Sam Evans is the new penman of the Lexington. Ky,, 

B. C. B. A. O'Mealy has resigned his position in Yank- 
ton, S. D., Coll., and is now teaching an evening com'l 

class with success. R. T. Chaney of Richmond, Va., 

succeeds A. H. Davenport as prin. of the Dover, N. J.. B. 

O. Frank A. Groseclose, formerly of the Lexington, 

Ky.. B. C, is now in charge of the shorthand dept. of the 

Jackson. Ky., Coll. Inst, of Cent. UnJ. C. C. Au.'^her- 

raan, formerly of Logansport. Ind, and lately of Boone, 

Iowa, is now settled in BurkittsviUe, Md. David E. 

Henry is the new teacher of pen., short., type, and spell- 
ing in the Ottawa, Ont., B. C. R. C. Clapp, fori*' 


lit Hartford, Coun., is dow couDected with Kimm^'s Pen 

Art Studio, lois Arch St., Phila., Pa. S. P. Wilson is 

no longer connected with the Friends Acad.. Locust Val- 
ley, N. y. J. Chauncey Shortlidge is principal of the 

school A. F. Scott is the new penman of the Central B. 

C. of Toronto, Ont. D. S. Hill has resigned his position 

with Draughon's B. C , Nashville, Tenn., and is now lo- 
cated m Marion, Ky. 

jWir CfHiitiiyiifiM^ Srfiool .toiirimli*, ete. 

— The 181)7 catalogue of the Lowell B. C. Binghamtou, 
N Y J C Bloomer, Priu. and Prop,, is bound in cloth, 
with gold side stamp, is printed on heavy paper and is 
nicely illustrated. 

— The literature sent out by the Albany, N. Y., B. C. 
is veiy attractive. The catalogue of IM pages is nicely 
printed, well illustrated, cloth bound, with 8;de stamp of 
gold. It is a handsome piece ol advertising. 

— The catalogue of Greer Coll . Hoopcston, III., is well 
illustrated, contains a vast amount of information ot 
benefit to intending students. C. H. Ballard is manager 
of the com'l dopt., and I. B. Downs has charge of the 

— With the compliments of Willaid J. WTieeler, we 
have received a copy ot " Birmingham Illustrated." Mr. 
Wheeler is Priu. and Prop, of the Birmingham, Ala., 13. 
C, and his picture with description of his school are in 
this nicely arranged document. 

— The College Journal issued by the Lebanon, Pa., B. 
C. is well printed, nicely illustrated, and must be a 
splendid advertisement for the school. Messrs. Wade and 
Gerberich are making a success of this institution. 

— Other well-arranged catalogues have been received 
from the following schools : Clinton Liberal Inst., Fort 
Plain, N. Y.; River City, B. C, Portsmouth, Ohio ; Cen- 
tral Coll., Payette, Mc; Grand View, Tenn., Nor. Inst. 

— College journals have come to hand trom the follow- 
ing institutions : Creston, lowu, B. C. ; Berea, Ky., Coll.; 
Actual B. C, Pittsburg, Pa.; Heald's B. C, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal.; Va. B. C, Richmond, Va.; Omaha, Neb., 
Com. and Bus. Coll.; Birch Cor. School. Oak Mills, Kans.; 
Day's School of Shorthand, (jleveland, Ohio ; Los Angelep, 
Cal., B. C. 

Fraternal Notes. 

(Public S)c-b(Mil Di'iiariment.) 

— W. H. Covert is supervisor of writing in public 
schools, Hyracuse, N. Y. 

— In the October nuralier of The Journal we stated 
that T. R. McUleua was supervisor of writing iu the 
Martin's Ferry, O., public schools, having been thus in- 
tormed by a publishing house. Mr. McGlenn writes us 
that for the past two years H. E. Sampson has been spe- 
cial teacher, but because of shortage of funds for school 
purposes, on October Ist special work in writing was 
dropped, and Mr. Sampson was elected principal of one ot 
the ward schools. 

— T. R. MutJlenn, Martin's Perry, O., is at present en- 
gaged in itinerant teaching. He is a good penman and 
successful teacher. 

— Edith A. Parrish and Valentin Buehuer are teachers 
of drawing iu the San Bernardino, Cal., High School. 

— In the Dail]i Sun, Ban Bernardino, Cal., we find a 
couple of columns a day tor several days, devoted to a 
most interesting account of the Teachers' Institute, held 
iu that city recently. H. E. Perrm, prin. of the business 
dept., High School, San Bernardino, Cal., was secretary 
of the Association and reported the proceedings of the 
Association for the Daily Situ. Among other subjects 
discussed was vertical writing, which was ably handled 
by E. K. Isaacs of the Los Angeles, Cal., B. 0. 

— C. E. Chase, superintendent of commercial dept., 
and teacher of penmanship in Bridgeport, Conn., High 
School, is carrying on his work in a very vigorous man- 
ner, and cannot fail to meet with success." He has a class 
of seventy pupils in writing. Every two weeks he tabes 
specimens of the work just gone over. These specimens 
are sorted, graded and the best are placed on exhibition 
and the ranks are read from the platform. The struggle 
of each pupil to raise his rank, and also of better writers 
to secure a place on the wall, he reports, is producing an 
improvement decidedly encouraging. 

— Geo. N. Smith has charge of the commercial work at 
EvansvUle, lud.. High School. 

') Q^^U/Xl^fCCAa/^ 

ville. lud.. High School. 

of > 

ot the Eva 

— W. P. Lyon, supervisor of writing in city schools. 
Detroit, Mich,, is having success this year, and is pushing 
the work vigorously. He says : '■ ifou may quote me as 
saying that 1 consider The Journal the best penman's 
paper published." 

~W. 0. Willitts is supervisor of penmanship in Union 
Township, Ind. His post office address is Kingsbury, 

— The many friends of C. W Slocum, supervisor of 
penmanship. Columbus, Ohio, public schools, will be glad 
to know that he is rapidly recovering from an operation 
performed for appendicitis. 

— In a Villisca. Iowa, paper, we find a sample of the 
chalk plate drawing and engraving by R. H. Peck, super- 
visor of writing and drawing iu the Villisca public schools 
The subject is James Ballard, the Nishnabotna Vallev 
poet who has excited much curiosity, and has drawn forth 
many comments from the metropolitan papers lately. 

— Miss Anna OUen is snpervisor of writing and draw- 
ing in the Big Rapids. Mich., public schools. Ferris In- 
dostrial School is her lOmit mater 

Normal School Penmen. 


J. C. Olson, penman of the Stanberry, Mo., Normal 
School, was born iu Denmark in 1872. While still in his 
teens he emigrated to the United States- and settled in 
Western Nebraska. Here he worked on a ranch as cow- 
boy. During the winter of 18U3 he entered the Western 
Normal College. Lincoln, Neb , expecting to stay but a 
few months, but so earnest and eager was this young 
Dane to secure an education that he attracted the atten- 
tion of the management and with their encouragement, 
he remained for three years, during which time he took 
work iu the commercial, normal commercial, normal and 
penmanship courses. He determined to become a pro- 
fessional penman, and upon advice of the school manage- 
ment, he took up these other courses to more thoroughly 
prepare himself. He studied penmanship under G. W. 
Wallace, G. H. Lockwood, H. C. Smith and W. J. Kins- 
ley. After completing his work he had charge of the 
penmanship department of the Western Normal College 
for one year, and later taught in the Chamberlain Com- 
mercial College, Lincoln, Neb., for two years. He worked 
up writing chisses in the Y. M. C. A. in Lincoln and his 
spare time was spent in attending the University of 
Nebraska. Mr. Olson is a church member and a V". M. 
C. A. worker. He is a graceful and accurate writer and 
there are few of his age who can excel him as an executor 
of fine script. He also teaches several commercial 
branches. In his present position, Mr. Olson tt?a<;hes 
hundreds of students each year and these in turn teach 


his methods to thousands of pupils in public and private 
schools annually. 

Five years ago, when The Journal's managing editor 
told Mr Olson, as a point of encouragement, that if he 
persevered with his work he would yet have his portrait 
and sketch iu The Penman^s Art Journal, he did not 
think that he would have the pleasure of printing it for 
Mr. Olson. Mr, Olson's case is only another example of 
what can be done by energy, industry and a desire to 
excel in some particular work. From a cowboy on the 
Western plains, poorly educated, hardly able to speak 
English, to the head of the penmanship department ot a 
large normal school in a few years, shows that Mr. Olson 
has the right material in him. 

WelUKnown Supervisors. 

D. W. HOFF. 

No more resourceful man is to be found in the ranks 
of supervisors of writing in America than D. W. Hoff, 
who has had charge ot the writing in the Oak Park, Chi- 
cago, schools. Journal readers of a few years back will 
remember the several splendid courses of lessons, for 
public schools, that were contributed by Mr. Hoff. For 
years Mr. Hoff has studied public school writing in all its 
phases and has tried to bring it in line with other 
branches. His methods of presenting his many excellent 
ideas to pupils are plain, simple, direct and readily 
grasped by even the youngest pupil. Grade teachers, 
supervisors and superintendents from other cities have 
been Irequent visitors in Mr. Hoff's school-rooms to 
watch his methods and get his ideas. He has lectured 
to thousands of teachers all over the United States, and 
where he has been improvement in the writing in the 
schools has been marked. At different times in his career 
he has been supervisor of writing in the public schools 
ot Lincoln, Neb., Marshalltown. la., Des Moines, la., and 
is at present, as stated above, in Oak Park, Chicago, 
where he has charge of the writing in the public schools. 

The Journal has had occasion in time past to com- 
ment on Mr. Hoff's contributions on writing and the 
teaching of it, and we do not know of any one who has 
contributed more or better ideas along pullic school lines. 
Few teachers have made a deeper study of the teaching 
of writing under conditions that surround public school 
work, or have accomplished such brilliant results in this 
line. But writing is not a hobby that Mr. Hoff rides to 

D. W. HOhF. 

the exclusion of other things. He is well posted along 
many line-, has traveled much and is well read. He has 
quite a collection of botanical specimens and these afford 
him recreation in their classification and arrangement. 
As the result of his European trip a few years ago, Mr. 
Hoff has a fine collection of photographs of principal 
points of interest, objects of art, etc. Mr. Hoff is not 
only a teacher, but a fine writer— either slant or vertical. 
He also has executed many fine pen drawings. 

Our Public School Writing Campaign. 

A number of Public School Superintendents and Teach- 
ers who are not subscribers will receive this month's 
Journal. We trust they will examine the paper and 
show it to friends who are interested in the teaching of 
writing. The Journal prints more that is helpful to 
Writing Teachers iu Public Schools than all the general 
educational papers combined. We are now making a 
specially vigorous Public School campaign, and have de- 
Wsed a plan by which you can get 

ill," bolli. nt 

vUat you i 

For instance, Penman's Art Journal and either the 
PopuJnr Educator or the Teachers' World, both papers 
one year for only one dollar. It you are already a sub- 
scriber for either paper, and you tell ns of the fact, your 
time w\\\ be extended one year— so that it is not necessary 
to wait for expiration of subscription in order to take 
advantage of these remarkable combination offers, which 
include nearly all American educational papers. See full 
particulars on page .VJ. 

We appeal to public school teachers and oCQcials to 
give The Journal their infiuence and personal aid iu rais- 
ing the grade ot writing in the common schools of our 
country. We should appreciate having you send us the 
names and addresses of the teachers of your acquaintance 
who are interested in the subject of writing. , 

An All Round Penman and Commercial 


The subject of this sketch was born in a. log house amid the 
wild woods of Campbell, Ionia County. Mich., on Burns' birth- 
dav. January ^5. 1808. to which coincidence is doubtless due 
his predilection for plowing and poetry. 

At the age of ten he received a few lesgons from a travel- 
inK peuman, and soon after succeodinn in executing a some- 
what elaborate family-record, which ttill excites the wonder 
of the uninitiated. 

In 18H1 he entered the dry Koods house of Voigt, Herpol- 
sheimer & Co., Grand Rapids, as errand boy and sweeper. 
When sixteen years of age, he resigned this position to assume 
the (•'./(• of pedagogue in the town of Odessa, where he taught 
his first and only term of country school, organizing and sue 
cessfuUy conducting an evenin? writing Bchool iu connection 


'jc'jf-^yt v 



-_5i:tiiijiir^(t*iviii»il <iMgIj i>'i'lii«»«l. 




(\w-cn v y " 

•.<6itircKil.- rf '."Viior 






.yapriu <. - '/ 



fJ^MS. '.,y'/'/-'///i' /',-,■ 'r"-/ ''.«'- ^/ 


Examples of School Diplomas, Certilicates, Testimonials, Etc., made in the office of THE JOURNAL. The Diplomas, Etc., from which 
these Cots are Reproduced vary in size from 8 x 10 to 18 x 23. Designs must not be imitated. 


t^en/na/ili QyvtCoJotctAo^ 

therewith. The proceedB of thii undertnkiog eiiaUed Lim 
to enter the Northern Indiana Normal School. Valparaiso. 
Ind.. where E. K. Isaacs started him on the road to better 

In the autumn of IMWi he accepted a position with the 
Harper (Kansas) Normal School, and a few months later 
with the .Southwestern Business ColleKe. Wichita, where he 
remained throe years, also condnctinK the commercial de- 
partment of Garfield Univeri-ity. Jlr. I-sjacs having decided 
to take a vacation. Mr. Barber was called to Valparaiso to 
handle the penmanship classes, availing himself at the same 
time of an opportunity to lay the basis of a broad and liberal 
education. He pursued the studies of ihe full Scientific 
Course, giving special attention to literature, the higher 
mathematics and engineering. 

After graduation he .juurneyod to San Antonio, Texas, in 
the interests of the Alamo City Business College, co-lahoring 
with B. F. Williams, now of Harvard University. Studies in 
architecture occupied his leisure hours during the year 
spent with this institution, and in the summer of 1K91 he set 
sail from Galveston with the avowed intention of entering 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. A chance call at 
1 New York, however, led to negotia- 
n an engagement beginning with the 
He has since served that institution 
,nd during the past year has been as- 

the Packard College i 
tiona which resulted i 
following September, 
in various capacit: 


Mr. Packard in preparing the 

Packard te.\ 

liehments. learning the modern ways of doing office work. 
This has been his principal oacupntion for two years past. 
The results of this Investigalion are shown in the new Pack- 
ard test Irook, and will he incorporated in other Pockard 

Believing, no doubt, in the fact that the jaw is miahtier 
than the pen. we hoar of his recent appearance before the 
Packard students in a Wehsterian oration on Cuba Libre. 
Ho is a member of the Madison Square Presbyterian Church. 
and therefori) has enjoyed the fortunate privilege of listen- 
ing to Dr.lParkhnrsfs sermons during the past five years : 

AsThe JniinNAl. readers will remember he was married 
July 1, l«9.i. to Miss Rae M. Hill, an accomplished pianist of 
Chicago. Their home on Washington Heights, overlooking 
the Hudson and the Palisades, is a rendezvous for musicians, 
artists and lovers of literature. Here during his leisure 
hours we may Hud him in a library ailed with the best pro- 
ductions of literatire. music and art. delving for deeper 
glimpses of truth and beauty. As a teacher, Mr. Barber be- 
lieves that commercial education is still in its infancy, and 
that the same solidity and thoroughness which characterize 
the literary college and the university will ultimately ob- 
tain in the management of business schools. 

State Supervision of Private Schools. 


■ OKf 

y, N, v., Ja 

r2r, 181 

Tn Ihr Biuiiitxs Srliool, ,>/ Sen- York : 

.,S? ^f?!, ''"""'•;<',•" »'"'" ,«>'»' some points in the circular 
sent ont have not been understood. We are anxious to have 
!',l'„'in,^:;?°?',?.r°/.'''°i' in sympathy with the movement fo? 
„„„,„„,„.j business eGucation In New York and supplement 
_lar with the following notes : The numbers refer 
"""• of the previous circular, a duplicate of which 



_, ....... L^uuia "uoiuess diploma is an entirelv new r.».oHon 

LV°fl? tm■?eTit^''-''r,^'^'™''V•'"" '»"°""«^^^^^^^ 
,"L.. ""o'^'.i*" conditions, but we hope the number will in- 
creafe. Besides a high school edui'ation It include? the two 
year course of technical study. The requirement that nnW 
graduates of a registered schdol may ent?r rhTe4m"na°,"' J 
l.s not, as has been interred by some, a neculiar discriminn 


of study and on the examfnations. If we are to put 
Ijiwlness education on anything like a professional plane, we 
must have a credential and requirements that will seem re- 
spectable when compared with other schools. The commit- 
ti'G were unanimous on this point when their attention was 
called to these facts, with which the critics are evidently 
not familiar. Old courses and certificates are not interfered 
with in the least. This is something new. for which few 
schools can afford to furnish necessary equipment and fac- 
ulty, as the number of students will be so small. 
:i. At the request of some of the bnsiness schools, and as 
wn study, we think it best to issue 

certificate and a stenoeranher's di^ 

ivill : 

its full equivalent, showing the completion of a hieh school 
course as a preliminary ^eueral education. It will require 
olao the Bteuogn-apher's certiflcate for shorthand, typewrit- 
ing and English, and in addition the candidate must pass 
regents' examinutions in office methods, to show a familiar- 
ity with the best methodsof doin^ the most common amanu- 
ensis or office work, flling and copying letters, making ex- 
tracts and indexes, classifying papers, simple editing, proof 

rely ( 

technical training necessary ' 

without having to be trained in minor details. This diploma 
will be open to every school that gives the needed instruc- 
tion, regardless of its size or equipment. A single export 
teacher will thus have opportunity to prove that he can 
qualify students for this work more thoroughly in a given 
time than can some of the large and wealthy schools. 

T). If enough schools desire it, the regents might provide 
another grade of reeistralion for those not fully equipped 
for the two year busines* diploma courses. It was ttiought 
" ■ ■ " the same 

the character of their work. I myself 
suggested the omission of registration for these schools, m 
order to avoid the critici?m that the regents were doing 
more than was necessary or wished by the seboolc. 

6. This section has been more widely misunderstood than 
any other. The requirement of six teachers giving full time 
is copied from the ordinance governing all literary colleges 
in this State. The provision tor giving a course of definite 
length and for adequate equipment is common to nearly 
every institution in the University. Obviously a standard 
for registration based on the value of tbe equipment or the 
length of the course mav be the source ot injustice and 
abuse unless closely watched, but it has been found in HH' 
years' experience of the University the simplest, and if sup- 
plemented by examinations, the best way to grade schools. 
Each of the nearly 61)0 high schools and academies of the 
State is graded on a similar principle, and the objections 
brought by some of tbe business schools to tbe apparent in- 
.iustice of this tection would hold equally in the other grad- 
ing which is proving so satisfactory and beneficial through- 
out the State. No. (1 refers to registration for the new two- 
diploma course, which would reqn 

sach a course, and therefore very few will be registered 
under this section. The criticism on registration will be met 
by providing for registering schools whit.h do less extensiv 

plan adopted for large and small acade 

clause stricken out, so that this now bears only on changes 
of name. The older a school is the more widely it has been 
advertised under the old name, and the more time it will 
take to substitute the new name. It is certainly a less seri- 
ous matter for a school two years old to change its name 
than for one aO years old. 
We have no doubt whatever that the changes already made 

_ . __ e the name college or 

niversity after the public has recognised fully the greater 
dignity and truthfulness attained by calling the schools by 
their right names instead of giving them a pretentious title 
which has in many quarters brought them into ridicule. I 
wish in this circular letter to assure every school in the 
State that the regents will as far as in their power protect it 
from any injustice, and if the ordinance and plan adopted 
shall fail to do entire justice to all concerned there will be 
no hesitation in making such change as is found necessary. 

We are anxious to complete as soon as possible the syllabus 
for the new certificates and diplomas, and shall value the 
suggestions of every school in the State in preparing tho 
first draft, which will be submitted to each school for direct 
criticism before it is finally adopted. I send you herewith 
with my compliments the regents' academic syllabus where 
you may see on pp. 2fll-:i<l5 the requirements in English. 
Kindly examine these and advise me how much we ought to 
require for the stenographer's certiflcate besides the ele- 
mentary English. 

, therefore, kindly send me by early mail answers 

- - .. - — .„ „iv6 the 

full course:' The registration certificate would, of cour.''e. 
specify the field covered, and would i-e like the boiler in- 
spector's certificate on a steamboat, an assurance to the 
public that a competent authority had exomined the school 
and found it properly equipped for giving the courses which 
It advertised. 

c Would you not think it desirable, to enable business 
schools to be recognized on a similar plane with other pro- 
fessional or technical school?, to have charters granted them 
by the regents as distinct corporations as is done for the 
other schools? At present onlv one or two of the 6(1 and 
more business schools in the State are incorporated. This 
action would give a permanence and dignilv to tho institu- 
tions which they can never have when Ihey are private 
property carried on like any other business in the personal 
interest of one man or firm. 

Finally, will you favor me. not for publication, but for my 
own assistance in trying to work <iut this problem, with any 
suggestions which your experience leads you to believe to be 
for the best interests of the business schools of New York V 
their welfare, and personal con- 

^ ze with a large number of hu^\- 

ducators in the State has greatly increased my faith 

present movement will be greatly to the advantage 

" well as to the" general public. I 

ggestiona or criticisms from 


of the busi , 

shall be very glad of frank 


, De 

, Secretary. 

An Object Lesson. 

Teacher : " Now. if 1 take your slate pencil, what can I dn 
with it y" 

Little Boy : '■ You can turl your hair."— .School Board 


No. 3- 

Our nest move was to Cluses, thence to Geneva. We 
were delighteil with this place. A beautiful and refined 
city, charmingly situated. We attended the Exposition. 
The Swiss village and dance of the villagers was n great 
feature. A grand display of fireworks was enjoyed from 
our hotel windows on a fi'fc night. 

It wa-s at Geneva that we first began to notice the long 
twilight. It did not get dark until ten o'clock, and even 
then not pitch dark. Vou could read your paper at 9.30 
without dilHculty. 

A steamer took us up the lake to Ouchy, and from 
there we took the train for Lausanne. Then again by 
train to Interlaken, passing through Berne and so on to 
Seherzligen, on Lake Thun. Here we took the steamer 
to Interlaken, 

As we ueareJ Interlaken, ''Jungtrau." that majestic 
snow-capped mountain, suddenly burst into view. This 
mountain is the main feature ot Interlaken. and stands 
out against the sky as a silent sentinel guarding the 
quaint little Swiss village. 

A drive to Lauterbrunnen was rewarded by a sight of 
one of the wildest waterfalls that we had ever seen. 

It was a pretty sight to see the villagers working in the 
fields. Men, women and children all turn out to help get in 
the hay. Our cameras caught some ot these merry groups. 
Going up Lake Brienz on the other side of Interlaken we 
reached Giessbach, a celebrated health resort, also known 
for its grand waterfall over 1.200 feet high. This fall is 
illuminated at night by electric and many-colored lights 
and the sight is superb. 

Continuing up the lake we touched at Brienz, and from 
there went by rail over the Bruuig Pass to Lucerne, 

Our ride up Mount Eigi on the inclined railroad was 
rewarded by a magnificent sunset and a view from 
that grand mountain which was beyond description. 
We were all glad to re- 
turn to Lucerne, having '^- .^ 
spent one night in that ^■\^- 
high altitude, where it 
was so cold that we were 
halt frozen 

Among the sights ot 
the city ale the ancient 
budge w th its pamt ngs 
on the beams the Lion 
Monument inl the Ca 
thedral with its toml 
tone<i and cuno'iitie 

Bale, a thriving city, was our place visited, and 
roni there we pushed on to Heidelberg. We saw a great 
lany stork-nests on the tops of churches and houses as 

we rushed along that railroad ride. All are familiar with 
the legend of the stork and the baby. How the children 
are made to believe that the little baby is brought into 
the household by the stork. 

{To be continurd.) 



The Joubkal Is published In t 

The Pbnmak's Art Journal, 20 pages, subscription price. 60 cents 
a year. 5 cents a number. 

The Pekman's Art Jodrxai,. News Edition, S4 pages, subscription 
price. 91 a year. 10 cents a number. 

Both editions are Identical except four added pages of News and 
Miscellany In the News Edition. All Instruction features and adver- 
tlsemcutB appear in both editions. 

ADVERTrsiNO rates.— 30 cents per nonpareil line, $2.50 per Inch, 
each bisertlon. Discounts for term and space. Special estimates 
luntlshed on application. No advertisement taken for less than $2, 

Hiindreilft of bcniilif'iil nncl useful bonks nre listed In 
our new book and premium catnloene. with combination 
rnles in connection wilU "Journal" subscriptions, both 
new nud renewals, siuirlc and in clubs. As we irive the 
NubNcrlber benefit of the Inrsest wholesale reduction on 
tlie books in connection with the combtnntion oflcr. If 
Crequenlly happentt ibat he is enabled to obtain book 
and paper at considerably less than the book alone 
would cost of any dealer. It will pay any intelliBcnt 
person to send n two-cent stamp for this caialoffue. 
Many valuable suscestious tor [ 


Our HiibHcription lists are now entered by States. 
It will be necessary, therefore, when nskins to have 
your address chaused. TO STATE WHAT YOUR 
FORMER ADDRESS WAS: otherwise we shall be 
iMiahle to find youruamo. Neither eau we ofler to enter 
into rorreMpondence over the matter. 

We Nhnuld be notified one month in advance of any 
i-hniiirp in address. Otherwise arransrements should be 
mnde to have your .lOURNAIi forwarded. 

Editorial Comment. 

In Touch With the Profession. 

Nothing tells more graphically the extent to which a 
paper is in touch with its Held than its record of what is 
going on in that field. The Penman's Art Journal, 
during the past year, published a greater number of news 
items relating to commercial and penmanship schools and 
teachers than its nearest competitor has published in the 
entire twelve years of its existence. This does not take 
into account acknowledgments ot school papers, cata- 
logues, specimens, etc., and book reviews— the inclusion 
ot which would make the comparison even more in The 
Journal's favor. If we should limit the count to _/j;-.sN 
news, that is, news derived trom original sources rather 
than copied from some 'steemed contemporary, the com- 
parison in favor of The Journal would be something 
like an inch to half a mile. 

Names of Special Teachers Wanted. 

Thk Journal is ilcsirous of securing the names 
and aildresses of .special teachers and supervisors of 
writinii. drawin.g. and commercial branches in the 
public schools of the United States and Canada. We 
are endeavoring to induce every (-ommunity of 3,(11111 
and over to engage special teachers of the branches 
mentioned, and it becomes necessary to have a list 
of those cities and towns now employing sucb 
teachers, and if possible the names and addresses of 
the teachers. Our list is quite complete, but it will 
save time and expense if our friends mil help us to 
make it absolutely accurate. This they can do by 
sending ns the names and addresses of any special 
teachers of which they have any knowledge. Our 
friends can be of material assistance to ns and aid in 
the advancement of these special branches by fur- 
nishing us with this information. If you can send 
only your own name, send it in. In sending the 
names, please specify whether one teacher handles 
more than one of these branches. 

A Breezy Advertisement. 

In the December number of The. CoXUiimn, pub- 
lished by the literary societies of Central College, 
Fayette, Mo., we find the following advertisement 
which occupies a full page: 

To the Students! 



I wish to return my sincere thanks to you oue and all for 
your very liberal patrona);e. It is needless for me to tell 
you a whole lot .of Ghost stories here what I will do for you. 

for actions speak louder than words. Come and buy your 
home folks a nice present, and make them happy. 

.James H. Butleb. 
p. s.— There is three unappreciative individuals that will 
get wrote up in good style next month if they don't come 
round and pay me for the books they bought of me last 
year. I w.ll turn a red light on two of you and show your 
associates your bta<-k ^tides, and the other Sheenee faced 
looking individual will be mentioned. So please take notice 
and come in and pay up. 

Over 9,000 Subs. 

Received in clubs have been entered on The Jour- 
nal's books within the past four months. And this 
is the very flood-time of school attendance, with hun- 
dreds of teachers, in every part of the country, roll- 
ing up lists that will figure in our secoud 1S9T an- 
nouncement—which will appear next month. The 
Journal carries no appeal to the " flapdoodle '" ele- 
ment. It must stand or fall according to the support 
it receives from the intelligent and discriminating 
members of the profession it has served for over 
twenty years. If you want your students to have 
" The Best and Most ot it"— now is the time, this is 
the paper. 

Believes in "riuscular" Movement. 

Editor Journal': 

Prof. HofE's arraignment, in the August number of The 
Journal, of the term " Muscular," as applied to move- 
meat in writing, prompts me to write a few words in 
defense of the appropriateness and continuance ot such 
technical use of the term. 

It merits the job in consideration of its valuable services 
m the profession. 

How many thousands ot dollars does it annually bring 
to the profession from those who want to learn Muscular 


ent ! 

It is the slogan of the itinerant teacher, a winning card 
for the Business College, and even publishers of penman's 
papers are cute enough to turn its use to financial advan- 

It the Frnfesaor has good lungs he can just about para- 
lyze the verdant tenderfoot student by vigorously ex- 
claiming. Use Mu.fcida)' Movemtn^t. 

How the youth will work to acquire it, and what a 
satisfaction to him when told he has " got it." 

A term ot such expansive and fascinating signiflcauce 
should be kept in the family. 

It symbolizes the most potent element in the penman's 
skill, and is just as convenient and correct as any other 
term that can be employed. 

What inspiration is there in the paradoxical expression, 
" Arm rest movement ? " The usual trouble is that the 
arm rests too much, and the movement is not vigorous or 
nt nscular enough. 

Why not be more descriptive and call it the arm rest, 
finger slide — '' keep your seat Horace " — get there move- 
But seriously to justify the use ot the term as technically 
understood in the profession. How often do we hear a 
strong, vigorous, able-bodied man characterized as being 
a •■muscular /c/^oic /" 

Is it not just as correct and appropriate to call the 
strongest and most vigorous movement used in writing 
the Muscular Movement ? 

What would be thought by a sensible person who had 
ever noted the figurative origin of the use of words, on 
hearing a captious smart Alex criticise the expression, a 
uLuscular man by saying. " All men have muscles, hence 
all men are muscular ? " " Dogs and cats have muscle.", 
hence the smallest mite of either specie is muscular,'' 

If any objectionable opprobrium has become attached 
to the term muscular movement, it has come from mak- 
ing a chustnut of it in teaching. I rarely ever use the 
term in teaching. 

The desired result will be better and quicker attained 
by instructing the student to itse his arm more, and 
showing him how to use it than by telling him to use 
either muscular or rest arm movement. 

When the student can write with a continuous motion 
of the arm, even if accompanied by a tincture of the 
finger movement, tell him that is the " Muscular Move- 
ment,'' but if accompanied with considerable finger move- 
ment it is the Combined Movement. 

Just observe the heads of a class wiggle while practicing, 
and consider how many muscles ot the body are brought 
into action, while the large, powerful muscles ot the arm 
dominate the movement, and there will be but little 
question that *' Muscular Movement '' is all right. 

L. B, Lawbon. 


FREE. Penman's Art Journal and your favorite 
Educational Journal— at what you are now paying for 
one. See particulars ou page 39. 

Doesn't Believe In Shade for Business 

1 was very much interested in the " TestimoDy " of 
Mr. Biildwin, which appeared in the last issue of The 
JoL'RN.\L. as it seemed to me that in some of his ideas, at 
least, he is at almost direct variance with a large ma- 
jority of the penmanship teachers of this country. In 
regard to shaded business writing I wish to take direct 
issue with him. 

Any one who has had any esperience in writing in both 
plain and shaded styles will certainly admit that it re- 
quires much more skill and more time to make a form 
with shade than it does to make exactly the same form 
unshaded ; and the shaded form is not a whit more legi- 
ble after it is made, What stronger reason than the 
above could be given for teaching the young men and 
women who are placed under our instruction a plain, 
unshaded, business style y 

Mr. Baldwin's reasons for teaching shaded business 
writing are as follows : " Writing all lines heavy, or all 
lines light, is monotonous and. therefore, lacks beauty. 
Lack of beauty causes lack of interest, and lack of 
interest lack ot progress.'' 1 believe this line of rea- 
soning to be entirely erroneous. Unshaded writing 
docs not lack beauty when viewed from a standpoint 
of business writing, and I believe a strong, unshaded 
page of writing is much more pleasing to the eya ot 


a business man than a gaudy nhaded page. A page 
of artistically shaded writing is very much to be ad- 
mired. It JH to be admired as artistic penmanship, but 
certainly not as business writing. 

Mr. Baldwin's next statement is. that teaching un- 
shadea writing causes a lark of interest on the part of the 
student. If this be true, what a pity it is that our lead- 
ing teachers of business writing are plodding along un- 
mindful (if this royal road to enthusiastic, progressive 
classes in business writing. Mr. L. M. Thornburgh is fa- 
mous for the enthusiasm and interest which he instills 
into the hearts of his pupils, and much of his success as a 
teacher is due to this one point. During the time which 
it was my good fortune to spend under his instruction. 
1 do not remember of ever once seeing him make a shaded 
stroke in the presence of a class. If the copies and les- 
sons which have been published in the different penman- 
ship journals by such men as Robins, Kelchoer. Bussard, 
Lister, etc., are any criterion of the methods which they 
use in their daily classes, they certainly have no use for 
Khades in teaching business writing. Has Mr. Baldwm 
or any one else ever heard it said that these gentlemen let 
their pupilH spend the jwnmanship hour in blissful slum- 
ber ? 

Mr. Baldwin defines a poor teacher in these words : 
" He in a poor teacher who cannot teach shaded writing." 
I would suggest this as a better definition. He is a poor 
teacher who resorts to shades to secure interest and prog- 
resH on the part of his pupils, or for any other reason. 
Truly 1 believe if presented in the right way, no teacher 
will fail to secure very satisfactory results by teaching 
plain, unshaded business writing, and m so doing be is 
teaching the only style of writing which can hold its own 
m this great age of rush and improvement. 


(Jreen Bay Bus. Col., Green Bay, Wis. 

Business Educators. 

We want ideas conceroing the next meeting of the 
business section of the N. E. A. 
The meeting will be held at Mil- 
waukee, in the rooms of R. C. Spen- 
cer's Business College, July 6 to 9. 
The location is a good one and we 
want to present a good programme 
and then we wnnt a good many of 
you to be present and take part. 

Why have you been absent in times 
past y We will try and help you cor- 
rect that habit of staying away, if 
you will give us the reason. This de- 
partment is ours and we must sus- 
tain it or it will reflect on us. 

Please write either member of the 
committee at once, offering any sug- 
gestions as to the programme that 
you have thought of in times past. 
We expect to present what tho 
people want, if we can find out what 
that is. 

D. W. Springer, Ann Arbor 

Q- W. Brown, Jacksonville, 111. 

F. B. RiriiAHDsoN, BM Washing- 
ton St., Boston. Ma&s. 

Resolutions Against Fraud- 
ulent Advertising Adopted 
by the Federation of Edu- 
cational Associations at 

tmcAuo, III., December ;i(l. isiW. 

mirn-as. The Federation of Com- 
mercial Teachers- Associations has for 
Its object the general advancement 
of Business Colleges and Business Col- 
lege work, and 

n/icreas, The said convention in 
Chicago on the Mth day of December. 
IS»6, recognizes the paramount im- 
portance of an honest advertising 

Therefore, he it resolved. That each 
member of this convention will, on 
his own account, continue to observe 
with unceasing fidelity honest prao 
tices with relation to all his work 

That we believe that" guarantee- 
'ng positions" under certain con- 
ditions. whether made in writing or 
otherwise, or the promise of a posi- 
tion ot employment, made for the 
purpose of securing patronage, to be 
both misleading and deceptive. 

That we condemn all advertising 
of this or like character, and that a 
copy of these resolutions be spread 
on the minute book 'of this Associa- 
tion, and that they be caused to be 


printed in The Penman's Art Journal, the Wesie 
Penman and the Practical Age. 
Adopted UDanimousIij. 

The Off-Side of a Great Reformer. 

Our Cedar Rapids contemporary, the Western Penman. 
hauled down its flag in the February number and an- 
nounces that it is tired ot the fight with The Penman's 
Art Journal. We should think it. would be tired ! With 
three months' opportunity for feeling the pulse of the 
profession with reference to its bushwhacking cam- 
paign against a fellow- worker, it has discovered that it 
has no stomach for the fight— when an inconsiderate 
opponent has seized it by the scrufif of the neck and 
dragged it out of the bushes into the open. It will 
just " reserve the right " to criticise in the future. 

All right 1 Fire ahead with your criticisms whenever 
you like. The Journal is not afraid of criticism— offers 
itt own columns for that purpose. But honest criti- 
cism is a thing quite apart from bushwhackery. And 
the man who stabs his neighbor in the back presents a 
sorry spectacle fieeing from the wrath his own wanton 
acthas provoked and pleading for mercy on the ground 
thit his nerves are tender ! Let it be borne in mind that 
The Journal had no hand in starting this disagreeable 
business. No line or word of disparagement of its con- 
temporary—nothing but unvarying kindness and court- 
esy — was ever printed in these columns, iip to this amaz- 
ing attempt to degrade The Journal and place it in a 
false position before its own people. But since this little 
controversy had to be, it js rather disappointing that 
Cedar Rapids should "retire" precisely in time to 

The above is a reduced fnc-simile of a late letter from A. N Palmer, editor and 
publisher of the Western Penman, pleading for a copy book adverttsement (the slip 
enclosed, referred to in the letter, carried an advertisement of the new Sheldon 
Vertical Copy Books) from a well known firm of copy book publishers. The fact that 
the letter was written with a blue ribbon makes a clear photographic reproduction 
impossible. That no one may be in doubt as to the willingness and eagerness on the 
part of the Great Cedar Rapids Twister of the Copy Book Dragon's Tail to profit by 
the Monster's unhallowed hoard, and give his Monstership the full run of his columns 
(uniTltised)-/i.r an ej:<^eedingly modest consideration— -we publish the text of the above 
letter in clear print : 

'■ Office op the Western Penman. 

A. X. Palmer. Editor and Publisher. 

Cedar Rapids. Iowa, September 5th, 1896. 

Sheldon & Co.. New Y 

" Gentlemen :— You. 

few pducatlonal papers in tb 

1 '^*'"^'l that of 1*176 Vom^bined^clrculation^^^ ^_^„.. „^^...„.^ ,.. 

substantiatld"^^ ' circulation of any similar paper published-a fact easily 

indication of the /"en 

1 the Western Penn . „. _, 

culation. and it3 circulation 
.tional papers published 

fh^.,o«„;i - V. ■ '*- " ^popularity. I will point you to the fact that 

be e^ subscriptions were received in clubs from practical teachers 

meSivion^n.JI'h^^"?™^^^^^*^'^®^**^^ for you at the rate of |15 per month, 

lioation, and I hope to hear from you 

dodge certain awkward questions propounded by The 
Journal. The fact that among the scores of advertise- 
ments in The Journal one or two related to copy books 
is a matter of such sinister portent to the Western Pen- 
man as to suggest the nasty word "subsidized" and 
b3 made the subject of severe comment. No language 
IS too sweeping forth© ir«'s/*>rii Penman to employ in its 
denunciation of all copy books as the rankest ot evils- a 
very plague spot in our public school system. We had 
some curiosity to know if these sentiments on the part 
of the Western Peu»ia»i are purely unselfish and genuine, 
or whether they are pure humbug and hypocrisy. We 
asked the Western Penman publicly, two montlis ago. 
whether it had recently been a suppliant for the favors 
of copy book publishers. It has not tiad the manliness to 
answer, so that The Journal has been put to the trouble 
of procuring the information from other sources. 

Now, it was only last month that the Western Penman 
scolded The Journal for criticising an advertisement in 
its own columns. The inference is irresistible that if 
the Western Penman advertised copy books it would not 
criticise them. It is really too bad, to disturb the an- 
nounced retirement of our contemporary, but, knowing 
its squeamishness in the matter of robust English, we 
must ask whether it prefers that the word Humbuggery 
or the word Hypocrisy be employed in describing the 
remarkable situation here presented : 

Has the Westerni Penman been shamming in its 
indiscriminate denunciation of copy books as a public 
evil ? 

If not, does it not hold itself rather cheaply when it 
offers to administer the poison to its own people and in- 
ferentially to suppress its criticisms for a few dollars 
a month ? 

Cluba. largo and small, are 

before have the teachers so 

u, and shown their good 

being received daily, and never 
earnestly supported The JouR- 

p will in such a practical manner. 

There are many, however, who have promised to send clubs 
and have not done so, and others who have promised to add 
to their clubs sent earlier in the season. There is yet time 
to work up a good big list while the attendance in schools is 
liirce, A few sample copies distributed with a word or two 
of explanation, and we think there will be found but little 
ditflculty in working up a nood club, especially when our 
vury liberal clubbioK rates are taken into consideration. If 
anv teacher has not received the clubbing rates for the pres- 
ent season, we shall be glad to send them to him. We hope 
to print the second clubbine announcement in the April 
number, and we hope our friends will increase their lists as 
3 the time of going to press. April 1st. 

The Journal Is endeavoring to interest public school 
officials in writing, flrawing and commercial branches, and 
trusts to have the hearty cooperation of special teachers 
who have already obtained a foothold in this field. As the 
first step we have made the clubbing price for The Jour- 
nal so low that no grade teacher or aavanced student can 
hesitate from joining The Journal's family on the score of 
coet. We trust that supfiviaors and special teachers will 
present this matter to their grade teachers, and induce as 
many as possible of them to subscribe. Every copy circu- 
lated spifads the light, and helps us in the fight woare mak- 
ing for the improvement in methods in teaching in the 
branches named in our public schools. 

Judging from the number of applications for teachers that 
have been received recently by The Penman's Art Journal 
Teachers' Bureau, we judge that there will be a lively de- 
mand for teachers of penmanship, drawing, cooimercial, 
shorthand and typewriting branches the coming school 
year. The schools are all predicting a good ■ 

for the past thri 

I very conservative 
reason salaries next 
sr four years, will re- 
nty of places for com- 

eend 100 sheets 

We have received from Williams & Rogers, Rochester, 
N. Y.. a pamphlet advertising their book-keeping and busi- 
ness practice. This is the newest product of this well know 

beautiful script illustrations. Stock compan 
business is one of the advanced features with which it has I 
do. The whole scheme is minimum work for the teacher, 
easily inaugurated, and is thoroughly practical. 


a small space. 

tiled by the publluhe: 

for 35 ceut9- 

Every typewriti&t knows the need of a convenient, prac- 
tical copy holder. The Uandy Copy Holder manufactured 
and sold by A. R. Cook. 6;;(t ;Atlantic Ave.. Boston. Mat^s., is 
said to be a very simple and convenient one. He sends it lor 
^5 cents. Its low price should make it popular. 

I tpacher and mention that he saw this notice in Th 
iNMAN's Art JouHNAL. These pens are used in a Kres 
any public schools and business colleges, and have prove 
ry satisiactory. 

and thosi. . . . _ . 

teachers, will attend ihe Rochester B 
Rochester, N. Y., during the spring and 

learn that many teachers. 

for positions as commercial 


Pernin System of Shorthand, published by H. M. Pernin 
Detroit, Mich., is used in over 50U schools in the United 
States and Canada, and the publisher informs us that new 
schools are being added to this list frequently. We notice a 
number of Eastern cchoois have adopted tne system, and 
have found it satisfacto 

The Duplex Typewriter Co.. Des Moines. Iowa (New York 
>ffice, Nims & Shone. 'ZQ'd Broadway), have mformed us that 
} hearmjj; from their advertisement in The Journal 


.has had \ 

n use for the past tive months, has been found 
nost satisfactory manner. We never tried the 
Duplex, but those who have report that it is .just as good a 
raacbine as the Jewett. The Duplex prints two letters at 
one time, having a complete alphabet lor each hand. Those 
interested in typewriting would do well to send to either 
office for circulars. 

Journal readers who are interested in chicken raistrg 
and especially by the incubator process should send for a 
copy of the catalogue of the Vou Culin Incubator Co , Box 
814, Delaware City, Del. Send five cents in stamps for it 

The New Cyilopedia of Practical Quotations by J. K. Hoyt. 
a book emb'rai'ing a broiid and comprehensive field, and coU' 
tainiug over 30.UO0 quotations^ and English Synony 
tonyras and Prepi 

^ _ . . , by James C. Fernald. a book of 574 

ontaTnmgf.oUO classified synonyms and \M«\ autonyms. 
St to a good encyclopedid and dictionary the— — *'-~ 
St valuable books "a person of studious or lite 
Id have in his library. 

Progress in Business Education. 

" Progress in Business Education " was the title of a paper 
read before the Business Teachers' Association at Chicago 
on December :J0, 1896. by W. H. Sadler. It was one of a sym- 
posium on book-keeping, and Mr. Sadler presented the 
claims of the Budget System in a clear and forcible manner, 
and was the recipient of many compliments. This address 
has been printed, and will be mulled free to any applicant 

npany. 30 Lafayette Place. New 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Sheldon's New Standard Writlvg Books. Elemen- 
tary course 4 numbers. Grammar cour&e 8 numbers. 
Price, Elementary course, 72 cents per dozen ; Gram- 
mar course, 96 cents per dozen. Sample set 75 cents. 
Published by Sheldon & Co,, New York and Chicago. 

Sheldon & Co. began at the foundation in the prepara- 
tion of these copy booKs and investigated thoroughly how 
writiug was taught in public schools and in business 
schools, and why there was discrepancy in the two 
methods. They have endeavored lu this seiies to incor- 
porate in a public school method as many of the good 
points of business school teaching as it was pos- 
sible to make practical use of. Tbey found that public 
school teaching was weak in the line of movement 
and in not using loose paper practice, consequently 
these books are strong on these two points. Much atten- 
tion is givea to movement exercises and this work begins 
in book No, 1 m the «lementary course. The first copy in 
each lesson is movement exercises. Forearm raoveraent is 
advocated and taught and loose paper preparatory prac- 
tice is also advocated, all of which are strong points in 
the line of progress. The books are very carefully graded. 
Sensible styles of letters are used and with the instruc- 
tions given to pupil and teacher, we do not see how any 
pupil can fail to become a good writer, if the instructions 
are put into practice. In the last book of the grammar 
course some excellent business writing is given and among 
it, good models of business letters and commercial forms 
are included. 

The author and publisher of these books both realize 
that the teacher of writing in public schools needs all the 
help possible and for that reason, they have prepared a 
manual and chart to accompany the copy books. 

Manual for Teachers, to Accompany Sheldon's New 
System of Standard Writing. Cloth, 48 pages. 
Price, 75 cents. Published by Sheldon & Co., New 
York and Chicago. 


While the primary object of this book is to aid teachers 
who teach from Sheldon's New Standard Writing Books, 
yet this manual will be found of benefit to all public 
school grade teachers who have anything to do with 
writing. It tells how to start a class of beginners, gives 
chapters on Movements for Lower Grades. Position at the 
Desk. Care of Pens and Pencils, Mefhodsot ClassTeaching 
for Primary and Lower Grammar Grades, Preparation 
tor the First Lesson, and then follow a series of Model 
Lessons introducing the small letters. Nest come Teach- 
ing Capitals in Lower Grades, Lessons in Grammar 
Grades. Grading the Books, Specimen Writing. Descrip- 
tion of the Books comprising the Sheldon Series. Scores 
of jnteiesting points such as. counting, blackboard work, 
and Movement Exercises, etc., are given. 
Sheldon's New System of Vertical Writing. Re- 
vised edition. Elementary course 4 numbers. Gram- 
mar course numbers. Price ; Elementary course, 7d 
cents per dozen ; Grammar course, 9G cents per dozen. 
Accompanied by Teacher's Manual, 75 cents. Two 
large charts, ?I for the set. Putlished by Sheldon & 
Co., New Vork and Chicago. 

Some months agoTHE Journal reviewed the first edition 
of these books and a recent examination only strengthens 
the good opinion we have already expressed of them. 
The copies are carelully graded a'nd an effort has been 
made to combine speed with legibility and movement 
exercises have been freely introduced. The excellent in- 
structions given in the manual accompanying the books 
and the two large well-engraved charts should lighten 
the burden of any grade or special teacher who is tailed 
npon to master and teach vertical writiug. 
Stutsman's Self-Teaching Compendium op Penman- 
ship. Slanting and Vertical. For Home Learners, 
Public School Teachers and Private Individuals. 46 
single line slips, 13 larger slips and 28 page instruction 
book. Price, $1, postpaid. Published by H. H. Stuts- 
man, Los Angeles, Cal. 

The Journal had the privilege of examining the origi- 
nal pen copy of this compendium and the work was ac- 
curate, beautiful and practical. The first plates are de- 
vored to mot'ement exei'cises to develop small and capital 
letters. Then follows a carefully graded set of slant buei ■ 
ness writiug copies. Vertical writing is also given and 
the principles and letters are treated in the same manner 
as the slant copies. Six of the larger plates are devoted 
to ornamental writing and the work is so accurate and 
harmonious that it will furnish practice for professionals 
as well as amateurs. The instruction book is carefully 
arranged and treats of vertical as well as slant writing. 
Professional and amateur penmen who want work for 
reference, public school teachers and otheis who desire 
help for their own writing and helps tor teaching, should 
add Stutsman's Compendium to their libraries. 
Instruction for Writing for First Grade. Paper, 2S 

Instructions for Seventh and Eighth Grades. Out- 
line of business correspondence. Paper, 30 pages. 



OrTLiNK Sixth Grade. Social correspondence. 

Three pamphlets by Miss Lncy E. Keller, Supervisor of 
Writing, Duluth, Minn. 

Mis« Keller has embodied in thepe booklets many bright 
ideas about teaching writing and correspondence. Those 
who have read her arliclt-s in The Joirnal or who 
have heard her present methods at conventions will no 
doubt be anxious to get copies of these pamphlets. These 
little books are of value alike to grade teacher or special 
teacher. There is a dearth of intormatiou in regard to 
teaching writing in the public schools and we welcome 
such publications as these. 

DKAi:nt!ON's Practical Bookkeeping Illustrated. 
Cloth, HO pages. Price, ?1. Special price to schools 
and teachers, GO cents. 

The idea of the author has been to prepare a book 
suitable tor self-instruction, home study and for schools 
desiring to furnish a short course. The work is intended 
for primary and intermediate bookkeeping grades, but 
a special effort has been made to itiake the subject plain 
to beginners. Abbreviations and characters in general 
use, points on commercial paper, etc., are also included in 
the book. 

Isaac: Pitman's Complete Phonographic Instructor. 
Part 1, new manual of phonography. Paper, 114 pages. 
Price, 00 cents. Published by Isaac Pitman & Sons, 
a;j Union Square, New York. 

This work is designed to furnish within the compass ot 
a volume of handy size ((>,!^ x 4 inches) a complete presen- 
tation of phonography, iucludingall the torms of abbre- 
viation. There are also embodied in this volume valuable 
improvements on the system, the result of practice and 
careful experiments of the inventor conducted during the 
past sixty years. Every part of the system is explained 
and each lesson is illustrated by exercises and the student 
can examine himself by the questions at the end of each 
chapter. It is designed for self-instruction or class use. 

Jones' Compendium of Business Writing. 14 slips and 
instruction book. Price, postpaid, 20 cents. Published 
by C. W. Jones, Box 252, Brockton, Mass. 

Journal readers have had the opportunity of seeing 
trom time to time some of Mr. Jones' business and orna- 
mental wi-iting and they are thus able to know how 
good it is. In this compendium ot business writing, he 
starts with various laage movement exercises, follows 
with small letter movement exercises, words made from 
small letters, words beginning with capitals, body writ- 
ing, note, vertical alphabets, large and small words and 
sentences in vertical style. The writing is plain, simple, 
bold and has a roundness about it that makes it extremely 
legible. It is such a style as any business man would be 
pleased to see on his books. We understand that an in- 
struction book to accompany the compendium, is in 
process of preparation and will be mailed with the 
copies. This instruction book will contain an outline for 
fifty lessons. All of the copies are photo-engraved from 
pen and ink work. 

A Rational Method of Teaching Bookkeeping and 
Business Practice. How Shall we Teach Commer- 
cial Law ? Papers read before the Business Teachers' 
Association, Chicago, Dec, 18!»6, by J. E. King. Paper, 
20 pages. Published by Williams & Rogers, Rochester, 
N. v. Mailed tree. 


The first of these papers was one of several i 
posium on methods of teaching bookkeeping and pre^ 
sentod the Williums& Rogers method. The second paper 
dealt with the subject, commercial law, in general and 
was favorably commented upon by members of the ast-o- 
ciatiou who heard it. Mr. King is an able teacher ot both 
subjects aud in addition to being a clear thinker, knows 
how to express himself clearly. This pamphlet will be 
mailed free to all teachers ot th'ese branches. 

The EDITOR'S Scrap Book. 


Pcniiieii's Exchan 

H. W. Kenworthy. Franklin Falls. N. H. 

J. D. Parsons. Jr., Gunnison. Colo. 

E. \V. Hafford. \27 Oenesee St., Utlca, .N. Y. (Automatic 


— The Penman'! 
thePKNMANs Ah 

teur. who desire t^ „e." ^f^^.^^^^ ». ,uo.. «v.o. «i,u 

their brother penmen. It costs nothing to ioin. and the only 
"•''■■'"'■ -ehed to a membership is that specii 

chHuge specimens of their \ 

I sent tu all who i 

embers of the € 


ttt" ^H addition to his other accomplishments Q. E. Snyder. 
Wood 8 B. C. Shonandoab. Pa., does knife carving on cards, 
and has sent us some very unique examples of his skill in 
this line. 

— A dashily written letter, professional style, has been 
received from A. H. Koss. Troy, N. Y.. B. C. 
, — H. B. Cole. Augusta. Maine, is a good writer, as is shown 
In a lote letter received from him. 

„— ,C- A. Wessel. Ferris Industrial School. Big Rapids, 
Micb.. has l.een oxperimenting with vertical writing, and. 

,^ , ^ anting, and, 

_ - — ult. has mastered a good style. 

— R. C. KiDK. Salem. Ohio. B. C., compliments The Jour- 
CAL m a splendidly written letter. 

— C. C. Short, Edmiston B. C, Cleveland. Ohio, favors The 
lODiiNAL with some excellent ornamental writinc aud a 
Eood off-hand tlourish. 

— Paul H. Hendricks, Barry, 111., sends a well written 





of his work we have s 

- A. McMichael, Lexingto 

ntal script, engrossing sc 
ter head design— all good. 

— A masterly example of graceful and accurate script 
comes from J H. iSmith. Sullivan & Crichton's B C At- 
lanta. Ga. The text of the specimen reads; " H. W. Flick- 
mger is the King. J. H. Smitn is the man who knows it." 

— L. B. D'Armnnd. Tubb's B. C. Oil City, Pa., sends a 
good specimen of business writmg. 

— C. G. Prince, penman and secretary, Knoxville, Tenn., 
B. C, writes a beautiful hand, on the Plickmger order. We 
have lately received a letter from him in this style. 

— A. D. Skeels. McLachlin B. U., Grand Rapids, Mich., is 
ound penman, equally at home 

flourishing and drawing. Some 
show that he is constantly improving 

— R. M, Jones. Pittsburg. Pa., 
written in a variety of styles. 

- A. S. Weaver, San Francisco. Cal., B. C, favor: 

specimens of bis 

,ds a package of cards 


a well written set of business capitals. 

— S. A. Phillippy, Coleman's National B. C, Newark, N. J., 
has sent some nicely written cards. 

— C. H. Cleary. penman. Canton, Ohio, B. C. submits som- 
ples of business and ornamental writing that are good. 

— A.J. Williord. formerly of Reliance. Va.. and now of 
Middletown, Va.. sends examples of plain and ornamental 
writing, off-band Hourishing, etc., which show he is gaining 
right along. 

-O. P. Koerting, instructor in book-keeping and penman- 

Geo. E. Seeger. Utica. N. Y ..has mastered a model bnei- 
i band. Although a boofe-keeper his work equals that of 
ly professional penman. 

Stttdents' Specimens, 

— E. Rodman, a pupil of C. A. Bernhardt, Univ. of Pacific, 
College Park, Cal., although but 17 years of age has mastered 
a good style. 


— From S. A. Phillippy. penman. Coleman's National B. C. 
Newark. N. J . we have received a large package of exam- 
ples of students' bu'^iness writing that are creditable alike to 
pupils, teacher and school. Many of these specimens ari- 
written by pupils of the night school, who have but littk' 
time for study or practice, and hence all the more credit is 
due Mr. Phillippy for the progress they have made. 

— E. O. Folsom, penman, G 
JouKNAL some of the best 

dents. There is a variety it 
movement and skill in exec 
stamp Mr. Folsom as an Al 

ship. Orange. Cal.. sends 

•itten ornamental sig- 

Bay. Wis.. B. C. sends Thk 
cnent exercise designs that 
They are the work of his stu- 
i&igns. and the development of 
on shown in these specimens 
writing teacher. In the 
axamples of model business 
The exercises and writmg 



■ing in Mr. Thornburgh's tracks, 

that Mr 

— Geo. D. Hardin. Portland. Maine, favors us witl 
written cards and some business and ornamental 
that is good. 

— J. M. Aikman. Carlton Coll., Farmington, Mo., sends The 
Journal a package of specimens showing the improvement 
made by several of his students. Those 
improvement, in our judHH 
Kllby. Fred. W. GiPsing, Tht. 

aking the l. 

. . . W. Reuter. Viola 

) D. Fisher, Wiela Aikman. 



iBarnes' steel pens. 


V voa .-. 

^ Mrhaeoti Fountniii Pt'n. Samples inailetj for A 

- From L. B- D'Armond, Tiibb's Bus. Cull.. 
Oil City, Pa., we have received a page of writ 
ing from each of ulaige number or studfuts, 
This work was prepared, Mr. D'Armond writes 
us. without the students knowiog it was to be 
sent for criticism. iJiood movement and speed 
are indicated, and the writing is very business 
like throughout. Among the best writers are 
the following : Walter LowerT, (». Sloan, Bertha 
Gilson. D. a. Goodwill. L. B. "Myers, Tereea Oil- 
more. Sarnh Long, Lucille Fleeman. A. F. 
Varnes, Montague (ioodman, Edgai Fenton. 
Andy Schwauz. J. A Fitzgerald. E. W. York, 


V. Allie Mo 

Dson. Ediih M. Howard. 

PithHc Scfiool Iforli. 

—Miss M. i!-lla Brown, Supervisor of writing. 
Ilion. N. Y.. sends us two large packages of 
writing irom her pupils. The lirst package is 
from the pupils in the first grade, ages 5 to (i, 
and are in lead pencil. Some of the pupils 
have been in school but lU days, and others fi 
days, and the result that Miss Brown has 
brought about in that brief space of time 
shows that she has the pupils on the right 
track. 'Ihe second package is from the pupils 
in the fifth grade, ages Hi to 13 with an average 
of about 11. All of the writine is vertical. 
The forn 
Brown is 

manship. The Journal has received 
package of specimens of students' writing. 
The upper specimen shows how the student 
wrote at the beginning of the present school 

of the 

3 shows ho 


break up" finger s 

wrote at 
winter term. These are 
IS explained elsewhere in 
on the wall for the stud- 
Chase is endeavoring to 
and many of these speci- 

pasted together, and 

k up fing 
i 5how that he is succeeding, 

— From C. S. Hammock, Supervisor of writ- 
ing. Wray. Colo., we have received samples 
showing improvement made since September 9 
by pupiU in the upper grades and the high 
school. For the benefit uf those who think 
that business writing cannot be taught success- 
fully in public schools, we would suggest that 
they send to Mr. Hammock for some speci- 
mens of the work of Mamie O'Donnell, Andy 
Hoy, Gertie Beckwith, Ollie E. Lepper. Lulu M. 
Butts, Lizzie Hoy. We doubt whether the 
average business college, with an hour a day 
allotted to writing, has 
more since Sept 
mock in twenty 

mplished much 
ber 9, Ii^Wj. than flir. Ham- 
day at his dieposHl 

'■jth these public school pupds. 
IB a good writer, both plain ana ornamt 
bimoeir. and these examples of his pupils' 
&hciw that he is as good in tpachinu'. 

Crowded Again. 

Mr. Zaner's article (illustratetl), the 
first of Mr. Tamhlyn's series of three le.s 
sons in business writing for advanced 
students, as well as articles hy J. F. Pish, 
L. C. Horton, J. W. Lanipman. M. K. 
Bussard and many others, are in type, hut 
are crowded ont of this issue. They will 
appear shortly, and our readers may look 
forward to a feast of jLjood things. 





ally Famed for The 

Made of the best t 


We take pleasure in quoting a few selected words of commendation 
from leading authorities ; 

" Barnes' Steel Pens have the reputation for giving such general satisfaction that those wha 
have used them look on them as old and welcome friends." 

"1 consider your steel pens very fine." 

C. E. COKLISS. Supr. of Pcnmaosbip, Public Schools, Dennis, Mass. 
•' They are the best pens I have ever used." 

S. G. TUKNER, Cashier Bank of Swainsboro. Swainsboro. Ga. 
" We find them to be as good, if not superior to. any we have ever used." 

GlO. W. hill & CO.. Wholesale Grocers, Covington, Ky. 

A full line of Samples sent on receipt of lo cts. 

A. S. BARNES & CO., Mfrs., t56 Fifth Ave., New York. 

and SI for each of th- 

we offer these preiiu 
for the priviletreol i 
test, but it 13 neces^M 
stainrs, for whiiU w 

ia\-, on Aorll 10. 

i ,1 ,i-^-.r,.i'i"s' silver or 
s.-ii(l \.ni our handsome 

r remittant'e ;we will mail 
itled •■ The I'orpst 
ma present This 
r had made to you. 

N , 119 and l'.;i Nassau 


a R\ yiyiA k cha kt. 



Esterbrook's New Pens 

Vertic al Writing. 

If not, you shonld lose no time in writing 
for samples, and then ordering supplies 
through the stationer. 

No. .5.56, Vertical Writer, fine. 

No. 570, Vertical Writer, medium. 
Voo will be sure to like them, as they 
are e.iactly adapted tor their purpose. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

orks, CAMDEN, N. J. 


can be kept on DIXON'S American Graph- 'azillC of the WOrM. 
ite PENCILS, wilhout breaking off 

lOOO Sheet3 Fa-per. 

Kxlra icuoil iiiinlil\, N x lOtn in., 10 Ilia,, 
iiuriilcil, .vide ruled or ordiunr; ruled, lor 

.'SUO sheets lor 7.t renla. 
Cash .villi oriler. B) express or freight 
tuot preiiniilt— can't be sent by mnil.. 
AIIIfc.>. & ltOI,L.IN!«ON Oil., 

■iO'i Ilrondwny, Ne.v York. 


Devoted to the interests of the 
Writers of Shorthand, and 
Users of the Typewriter, 

To learn Shorthand at 

Home, or to become profi- 
cient, you should subscribe 
for " The Stenographer," 

the leading shorthand mag- 


■ile the 


and la 

ngest. Ask your dealer for 


PiiNMAN's Art Journ-a.l and 

nd i6c 

; for 








It with B nunutes' atteiitior 


OUTS im trial. Our lar§:e catalogue 
e cents and (jive you $100 wortl 
1 information on poultry andincubato 
■ - -, In the b 
.25. N. B. 
jSled ill poul 

"The Bicycl* 

child c 

will only 

^.„. .rill cost 

$100 worth of prat- 



Play \- 

Pray \ 1 

Pea \ 

Plea '\ 

Pry x\ 

Pie ^ 

Ply ^ 

Prow V 

Poe \ 

Plow V 

Spy \' 

Pew V 

Blew V 

Splay 'v 

Pace \. 
Paces \> 
Paste \ 


38 S. Sixth St., Philadelphia, Pa. 


United States and Canada, $1.00 per year. 
Foreign Countries, - - - 1.25 " 

Where we 1 
order to cndble e 
Ihe supplies sold their stiiden 

'ill cheerlully be 
Parker Fountain Pen. 


is, we shall be pleased 
It wholesale cost. We especial! 
This will permit evcr.v student to makn use i 
liled to any one Interested, tutri-tl 

Luckv Curve " Tubular Feed Ge 
THE PARKER PEN COMPANY, loo MiU St., JanesviHe, Wis. 

A personal course cf instruction 
in shorthand by correspondence 
will be given by the editor (or 
$20 00, when desired, including text- 
boot; ; postage to be paid by ihe 
student. For those who may de- 
sire to take up the study of short- 
hand at home, a $2.00 te.xt-book 
and The Stenographer for one 
year will be furnished for $2.00. 




•Hasbrille. JLcnn. 

Guaranlee Position. Arrfyt. nrlniff.rltlitinn.nrcande. 

i"«ii iiH.ijLy lu Lank till i-osniun idsecuit-il. Carlare paid. 



Indfirs..-1 by Bnnttore, Mprchanfs, and otiicre. fiookkeop. 
Ino. £'eMmiii..lirp, Kl.oiljiaml, Tyticwrlliii!., T..ln:r»pliy, 
Four itei-kn in Bi;M<nime ivitli i.. equal. 12 plue- 

our bn'okB for )ior 
loboolfl. WriUi I 


t beat thing l< 

rmg o 

illc (UeuliuQ this paptir.) 



I-ondon. Conn. I'rcsfnt dc-nmnd for Kradnatfi of 
S'''.."!;"';' K'"r?,°.',','J.„',!)»S.,""'. •Hl'I'ly- Calalo«u» 





NhSS COLLEGE, Open throughout Ihe year, stu- 


SPENCERIAN Commercial and Shorthand School|.,i,.l. Ohio. Esln1)ll»hi.d 1»J1. Ii,.-,„ ■:,|,.,1 

Hew 13orl?. 


141' South «h St., Hrooklyu. N. Y. Oatul<iKui'« 

M^''V,",'',"!',','.li*^^",'.'?"''"'''.'°"°''><"''')'ls<'<'r- HESKT 
V., I'rlnoiltul. 


hatiil pupllH when conipeteiit. /toofr-A-C'ijliiy nild 
{\V'T"!f A'' ''-V tlrsf-flas,.! teacher. Siianhli tauKht 
uy ft native Spaniard from Spain. All these 

BASTMAN m .->IM ■: 

■ A>»' York." These wcll- 
?nl. but each 
■ "1 lo fifford 





Military Institute, 


1 "~h-h, Classical, Scientific 
and Business Courses. 

\?^- \1 Col. I. H. SAUNDERS, 

Danville. Va. 


THOROUQH COURSES in liii,im,< Shorthand 

""■' '■>l';;>villli,B. Km. ,ITratn. 

MssLiil.l,Ki.,K, iiM- 1.1, Illinois. 



i.,'^*V,.'^'l**' ■ shorthauil. Typewriting and Telegraph 
Tejis" '° '"' '"'"'"sne- San Autonto. 


CATAiLOaUBS of The Capital City Commercial 

',k,'r ami the capital ctty School of Shorthand 
MK lis Tm ,?!,!;' i'!."''"""li'""'»"'«- Address 
111 Ml II '"^t-AULE^ . DCS Moines. Iowa. These 


■ flrst-closs business train! U8 schools. 

'''^'-sT.S.^.^'i COMMERCIAL COLLEOB. M. 

A. STOXE. Prcs., Is not the BEST, hut no othei 
;rlbe It because It Is HONEST. 

tV- rHE ant: of cuts on this page or aiiu 
?«( M per 5'."f",'ex(''r2'""''" ""'' "^ ''"'""' """ 



lowii, P,i., Indorsed by leading educators. It ha 

;s sent on application. 


souLE conneRciAL college and liter- 

AKY INsriTUTK, New Orl.Miw I. ... i-.-n-nviR-ii for 
40 years for lis lil«li iir^-\- ■■,,ui-^. pli i I..M>i)hlc 


. Journal free. GLICK&YOUNii 


THE NEW WAY Is to do your bookkeeping in 

Khortliand. Save one-hair >■ 


SON. F. C. A., principals for 19 ye 

attended buRlnes.? college In Anifiiua. jvumeRs 

ROBINSON & JOHNSON. Belleville. Outarlo, Can. 


W. H. SHAW, Principal. Central Business Cot- 
hoe. Strutford. Ont.. W.J. ELLIOTT, Principal. 
Two ureat Canadian schools, well-known throutib- 
oui the Dominion for superior work. 



Artist and instructor. 




J " Pen Art, - - - : 

I (lo/.eu Cards (any style) - 2 


Hartford Business College, 



all for fifteen 2 

W. J. nARTIN, Le Mars. Iowa, Ai flourished let- 
Drawing and penmanship tnuRht by 
«. »^„.„ rers'eopper-pjatecip- 

matl. .'^dlCferentsi 

penwork, 1 

and Infer . __ . .__ _ 

Lessons b; mail. Self In 

and Information 

piece. aOc. per copy. 2 copies, Oflc. Address 

Coliseum St.. New Orleans. La. 

W, B. DENNIS. 357 Fulton St.. Brooklyn. N.Y., 

Knyrosser und Designer, 

WHAT Hammond says about Castronoirrapby. 

A 12 pase booklet with beautiful specimen of 
knife work sent for 10c. Best blank cards. Lowest 
prices, samples free. L. W. HAMMOND, Ba- 


e ?a 60, cards 15 c 

In free hand drawing. $4.50 
nourisn. S.^i cts.; the finest of cird wnuuK i>er 
(loz.. l.T eta.: cap.-*, 10 cts. Designs of all kinds 
maile for enuravlnB. 

P. M. SISSON, Penman, Newport, R. I. Beau- 
tiful piece of Pen Work fir your scrap-book only 
10c.. your name on 1 dozen cards kO cts.,— 12 les- 
sons in penmanship by mall S'^.50. 

P. B. S. PETER5, Storm Ldke, Iowa, does 

Excelsior oblUiue holder, 1 
Si, 00, Qlllotfs No. 004 p 
p gTO., >i8p. Method rullngcards, I 

Ink recipe. 13c.; either one free with $1.00 order. 

B. L. OLICK, New England Bus. Unl.. Lowell. 


NAME. Send 

thousands. LEARN T 
i your name, wi 
.vill send you o 
Itlng It, with Instruct! 


1 hand, price-list descrlptlvi 

EVERY STUDENT should have on, . 


or 1 Ven, 3 printed alphabets with instructions 
and 1 bottle of init, 3.5c. Send 2c. stamp for cir- 
cular and price-list. . 
Address. The " AUTOBIATIC MAN" 
iC. A. FaustI, 
6i Wnbnnli Ave, CnicaEO, 111. 

'Mant" H&s. 

and (ttain}nng the replieH readu for maUui^ and 
writing the twm-de-iilume in a corner, then inchiK- 
ing such seated revliet< in an envei^ype addre«»ed U) 
Ttie /'eiiman'8 An Jtnvmal, soi Broadway, New 
Vnrk. Piiftage must be /tent for forwa/rdlng Cata- 
InoiteM, Newepap&rs. Photngraphu, dec . 

situations TRIlante&. 

mercial. and shorthand and typewriting 
brnui'hesouly. It briueHteacberHaud nchoo)- 
toirether. A lavgv. acciuaiutnuce nnioiiL.' 
ftcliools and teachers enables the niaunuc- 
meat to select Koud teachers loricood HchooU. 
Small tee is charuen the teacher i ao cliaruc 
is made to the school. Reliable schools Neek- 
iUK teachers, and well qualiGed, reliable 
teachers seekiuti places are vrnated for oar 
lists. No others need apply. Address PE\- 

dep. In B. & S. college. 
co-n'I law, com'l fa- 
years old. Been 

Has been making $1.7iJi 
gagement with some 

perlence. Has nad full charge < 

Id Eng. 


Health goof 

t* engagement. Famll- 

ATI \( m:K ^'.Ml> I '.H \.ars' experience In 
tfikrhlii^; Hitli iKirnKU and sclentlflc training Is 

plete, short and pub.schnol draw, and writ. Kamll- 
tar with all of the standard texts. Good health; age 
2H: weight 176: height 3 ft. 10\i In.; unmarried. 
Refers to J. R. Dllle. Bearlck and others. Fiilr siUrv. 
Ready any time. Address "S. N. E.." care Penmax's 

'. and bus. training Is open 

teaching experlei . 
Dement's short . pen. Good I 
160; height 5 ft. 10"^ In.: unm . 
fair salary. Address "S. I. T.,' 

I'l branches. 
.._ .__, _„e 23: weight 
narrled. Best references. 


4 TEACHER of five years' experience In public 
iV and normal schools and who bus completed a 
sclentlflc course. Is open for engagement as teacher 
of math., Eng.. sciences, book-keep, flud com i 
branches. Good references. Moderate salary. Ready 
now. Address " E. D. A.," care Penmas"s akt Journal. 

AN all-round teacher of eom'r, shorthand and Eng. 
branches, history, civil t:ov.. etc.. Is open for 
Immediate engaKcnient. Has common, high and nor- 
nml school training Six years' teaching experience 
lu public and bus. schools. Familiar with Ellis. W. 
& R. and Sadler's book-keeping, Graham. Beim 
Pitman. Dement and Day Shorthand. Strong refcr- 
Pi.(..^« A^e 2»: weight 150; height 5 f t. U In.; un- 
.Vants fair salary. Address ■• ALL-ROUND," 

i'l and I 

r who Is a fine 

r>n A\ig. 1. He 

is strong 
English an<i o 

■ I.' iiiiii 1 F '111 'Hii'is, I'amnmrwuii 
li s ttiKi i.iii^.-'.ou U.S. I'ertcct health; 
age ^n■. weight isii; ii.-ight 5 ft. .-■ in :marrled. Strong 

.... Y,^^^ F.ftj>tpi>n loG .tlnn. Wants 




specialty is penmanship, 
nw rtf Hie cnm'l branches, 

win be readv for position May 15, _ - 

education and Is a graduate of good business and 
Zanerlin Art College. Has four years' teaching ex- 
perience. Age '^5; weight 185; height 6 ft.; unmar- 
ried. Refers toZaner. Thoruburgh, Doner and others. 
Moilerate salai-y. Address '" N. A. M.," care Penman s 


rr\<'m'.ii . 

.\ ■"::.'. 


* TEACHER withhiK 

s and New Rapid 

His specialties 

.Moderate salary. 

nai school train- 

iTeacberB 'Wllante&. 

KliS' Itl iil'AI. Peinnnnsliip, t'oni- 
nieri-iiil. and ..liorlliiiiiil nnd tj-pewrilins 
brniK'lK-NitnU. li briuu!. tencheri!ian<l H<-huol!« 
li.L'ClUii. A hiruf n.iiiininlnnic aHionii 
ncDool» and l.nihii» (.iiablis Hiv niunaKi- 
niput mnclei'l Kilod uni Ixrs for L'ood ,.i'hiiiils. 
Small ff-c iM i-bargcd llie ii-ai her ; iia rliarue 
inmudF roIbcHihiiul. Kiliali |. ^tliiiiiln seek- 
ing lea<licr». and will iiwalilipd. ri-iinblr 
i,.n,.h<.|.M „,.<.|<iiiL. nln.'.'S art '^vault'd lor nur 
cd apiilj'. Addr 

4 l''E\V lirM»i:i:i» u-nii.UchO(tls called on us 

aud .'li'a,vlnk' t.'..' !.■ ' ' 'I i". 'm .>;:i • ,11 Ml '07, 

Do you want on. i - ■ 



AN'TED. —Bookkeepers 
appearance and pleasant ai 



A Tale la Tn'o Chapters. 

Chapter I. 
Penman's Art Joursal TiiAcHERti' Bdreao. 

for furnishln 

hool year. 1 feel ^reatlv indebted I 

man. 1 feel sure inai 

Prof. Kip Is Jiist the man I wa.s looking for. I shall 

him a good salarv. Again thanking you for the 

Ice rendered, I have the pleasure to remain 

Fraternally yours. 

E. H. MORSE, Prop. Hartford. Conn.. Bus. Coll. 


Morse of the Hartford. Conn., Bus. Coll. Will ( 

We have hundreds of s 

I ,1olned anothei 

B. kip. Napa, Cal.. CoIL 
r letters on file. 

BURKAU. -Hfi nrn.ulwiiy. N. Y. 

small school. \. V.» all-r 
Rlinrth»nd)- Teuii.. younK 

FOR PUBLIsniN« flKM.-One 

InvPHt. B 

I Tor Investment ami goud salarj- 

.->l One for Pa. t 

Pa »rbool. One for Southern school 
school. Ont for N 
One for Pa. school. 
For Commercial School Book Publisher. 
For New York Commercial School. 

'Ss Uollefte In a city < 
nrt nxtuifsoost ?■,'. 

ITor Sale or 'C;ra^e, 

o. D.. Teacher to take 1ni 
wis., a as., one who ca 
; Ohio. 
HIA3I.-Pa.. also pen., Pr. i 

S. v.. good 
invest small 

I'l If called upon ; Wis., also 


teacher ; We 


rn 8tHle, Eni 

1 Pitman ; f 

lanil: Iflo 

M (INSON.-IihI., also pen. 

PKR N IN.- Pa., also Ellis IJookkeep. 

BAY. Pn. 

NO l»AKT!('I IX't -iV^iTFM.-i*! 
Iml., (;,.,r ,■,. ., r,:.., ,■, ., ! i ,■,, ; Ki 

om'l also; 
Pitman short- 

rouml eom'l; Pucilic C«h«I, all-round i-om 1 ; 
Texns. com'l (need not be fine penman); N. V .. 

Jenman and com'l who understands ac't bus.; 
?alil., first-class all-round com'l; III., all-round 

laformatlon about such of these vacancies as re- 
main unfilled will be sent to all who register In 

JSuslncBB ©pportuntttes. 


I propriety 
,nd drawli 

teachers supervisors of 

Possibly you have a pen, ink, penhold; 

market. You may v 

This Is the 

i S!2.5p I 

id for 

itled t 

L third ioserlion free. 

for n ds. 
ch.^If two in^ertioBs 

i pni 
ill bt , 

FOR SALE.— The ROod will and plates of a well 
advertised and widely used set of wriilUK lessons. 
Copper plate engraving ; thousands of dollars spent 
In advertlslug ; International reputation. Reason for 
selling : conflicts with present business - 


Uement or Graham ; 

N. v.. 

class tvnrUr, ■,„.,<, 

system ; Pn.. prm o 
In school 11 i)qssI1)1l'I 
N. Y.. also Vook. ail 


Pen..rom'l and t. Pitman shorthand for High School 
(near New York). *l.nti:> for lOmos. N. Y.. Pen. and 
book. VV. Va., all-round com'l teacher as manager of 

„ood thing for a hustling advertlsi 

TnG lessons." care Penman's ART Joitrnaj 

Scbools jfor Sale, 

FOR S 4 LE.— A Business College In Oh 
sold for less than It would cost to ( . . 
school. This Is a rare opportunity for any person 
who wishes to engage lu the school business on a 
small capital. School has a reputation of doing good 
work and students holding good positions. Must be 

e money. Address ' 

buslnesit and 


adv't In this column will talk i 
t select audience interested In 

I penmanship, 
^ine oenman's 

how It works. 

kind that it is possible t 
dead property " ■----■ 

The prii 
»e Pfiiil for 

leed one inch 
tied to a third 

($5> the adv 

70R «ALE.-One 



■ Odell Typewriter. $12, 

Writing Paper. 

Encellent (luallty. 

ut up In half- _.. 

r Freight at purchaser' 
!^end cash with orde 

101^ Inches, ruled, 

-am of 1000 sheets. 

lotHt S1.*J5 n r< 

.--30 a i-oftin in .1 

I. $1.40t 

.10 lbs. per I 


sheets^ packages. Uy Express 


aoa Broadway, New York. 

s of Business Cap- 
nd Ornamental Capitals" valuab e to pr' 

"itten copfes Including s 
Ornamental Capitals \ 
.which I will mail, postajie prepaid, for 
" " ;., Baltimore, Md. 

C. C. LIFTER. 24J8 Crystal'i 

Scbool ffurntture anC» Supplies 
ffor Sale or B^cban^ie. 

ARE YOU putting In new furniture, and w 
you like to dispose of your old furniture? 
you changing text-books, and would you like t< 
your second-hand books? Would you like to In 
trade for some second-hand furniture or hn 
Changes are going on all the time, and the books, 
nlture, typewriters or supplies that you diapi 

pay cash. 

t what another school would fik 
! you something you need for them 

1 the Held. If there is anv ( 

. The Jodrnal 

__its to buy or sell school furniture, supplies, 
I ad. In this column will reach him. 


looMC HuectH of liiiy size fn a convenient position 
for copying. Mailed postpaid on receipt of 26 cents 

3 Atlantic Ave., Boston, S 


Result of 21 years' experkiice. 
One Dollar per Gross or Ten Cents per Dozen. Send 
or a irtal Ordi-r Today! Address, 
f. M. C. A. Bldg. E. H. ROBINS. Wichita. Kan. 

See Here! 

; you 

'■ Artists' " or Diamond 
Gloss Ink ? If you have 
not, then you don't know what you have missed, I 
vrtll sell you six good sized bottles for 81. 


65 North Clark Street, CHICAQO, ILL. 


We have over four thousand vacancies for teacher; 
members. We must have more members. Several plans : 
ANTEES a satisfactory position for the coming Fall. Ten c 
pays for a lOU-page book, explaining the different plan 
true and charming love story of College days. No charge i 

ich season— several times as many vacancies a 
o plans give free registration ; one plan GUAF 
s. silver or stamps (the regular price Is 25 cts. 
nd containing a complete *500.00 Prize Story, 
nployers for recommending t 

RET. DIt. 0. U. SUTTON, A. 91., Preset and Mansger, Southern Teachen 




It denotes Pleasure, Convenience 
and Genuine Satisfaction. 




Tn ToaphDrC " Draighon's Practical Book- 


anil nthOrC HOMESiUDvandforusemliterary 
dllU UIIIGIOi schouls and business colleges. 
Successfully used in general class work by teachers 
who HAVE NOT had the advantage of a business 
education \Vi 1 not require much ol the teacher's 
time. NolhinB hke it issued. Price in reach of all. 

OVER ,„j£;^^^ Orders 



COLLEGES li^-i^-A 30 Days. 

^ I rites to Schools and Tea. hers. S.unple 




ORAUGHON'S Practical Business College. 

Nashville, Tenn., or Texarkana, Texas. 
Prof Dr \i ghon — I learned bookkeeping at 
home from \our book, while holding a p<isitioii as 
night telcKraph operator." C. E. Lhffingwell, 
Bookkeeper for Gerber & Ficks, 

Wliolesale Grocers. S. Chicago. 111. 

Two Books of Great Importance. 

■ Bii Lo'ig Oddx the Best Book of Quotations."— N. V. HERALD. 
• The Only Standard Book of Quotations."— BOiSTON POST. 

The New 

Cyclopedia of 

Practical Quotations. 

By J. K. HOYT. 

Over 30,0)0 Choice Quotations, Eaabracing a Comprehensively Broad Field 
of subjects. 80,000 Lines of Coneonlance, Proverbs from the Latin, French, 
German and other Modern Languages. Each with English Translation ; Full 
List of Latin Law Terms and their Translations; Complete List of Authors 
Quoted, with other Data Relating to Them. Many Reference Helps to Facil- 
itate Quick and Sutistactory Use. 
says {Dec. 24, 1896): (Dec. 15, 1896): 

■• I canseethafTheNewCyc-lopedlaof Praetlcul ""The New Cyclopedia of Practical QuotatloiiH ' 
Quotations* would have great value and useful- Is a work which will commend Itself tto all 
uess to many persons," scholars. No library will bo complete without It' 

(Dec. 14, J896): says (Dec. J3, J896): 

'• 'The New Cyclopedia of Practical Quotations' "The former edition of 'The Cyclopedia of 

Is evldentlv e greatly Improved and enlarged Practical Quotations' was useful and valuable, 

edition of the old Encyclopedia of the same name It has been to me a practical help, and I am sur- 

whlcli I have always found the most complete and prised and gratified that It has been so much Ini- 

useful book of the'klnd ever pubii«hed." proved and enlarged." 

Handsome Cover Design by George Wharton Edwards. Rubricated Title Page. 8vo. 1206 pp. Net 
Prices: Buckram. $6.00; Law Sheep, $8.00 : Half Morocco. $10.00: Full Morocco. $12.00. 


^* Superior to anything of the kind within my knowledge." 


Engflish Synonyms 
Antonyms and Prepositions 


Editor SunotiuiiiK. Antonyms and Pi-cjj(tsit(oiifi hi (hv Ftiiik <£■ WagiiuUa Standard Dlrtionari/. 

More than 7.-100 Clnssifled and Discriminated Synonyms, ] 
Antonyms, Besides Illustrative E.xamples of the Correct 
Practical Helps and Hints on the Accurate Use of Word 

flea. p. Merrill. M.S., U. 
and at the same time sufficl. 
matter showing that Hvmm 

__ ng Is an excellent feature of the 

) Its value, particularly with atudentH and younger writers." 

i2mo. Substantial Cloth Binding, 574 pp. Price, $1.50 net. 

FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY, Publishers, 30 Lafayette Place, NEW YORK. 


? \_yeAjruuu>Q:yCit/Qyeu.tna£) 



HiKh S<-h 

> be taught In the Broofclyu, N. Y, 
where 400 pupils are studying It ? 
I adopted by over 500 of the leading Universities. Colleges. Academies and 

High School* of "the country within the past 5 

_^_^ ^_^,_ jf Htenographers ii»e and recommend It enthusiastically everywhere ? 

arVhundre<l8 of writers of the old shaded and position systems changing off to the PEENIN 7 
did It receive the exclusive WORLD'S FAIR oward of MEDAL and DIPLOMA ? 

The School Board was convinced of Its SUPERIOR MERITS and adopted It 

T^ N The Scl 

Because ??^I 

of the highest speed, and adapted 
id the adult. 

ord signs, vowels 


npreheuslon of the 

BECAUSE It can be'leariied for practical use In 6 to' 12 WEEKS Instead of MONTHS and YEARS, 
They feel the need of a more facile onrt legible shorthand. 
It was adjudged the BEST of 

shorthand system: 

SELF-IN**TRrCT()H. $2.00. Money refunded If not satisfactory. Lessons by MAIL 11 

desired. Write H. 31. FEKNIN. 


1 AW A New Light! 

^2^1^A The X-Ray ,?/, Shorthand World. 

Greenwich Business Coilege, 

KftMt <ireLnwlcb. Rhode Inland. 

When Ordering Typewriter Ribbons, 

ASK h'OIt 


Thev are the hn^t, nnn-fllllnK and last longer than 
any other nmk.-. TM.-v »uv In I ui;,. use by all the de- 
partments of Mh . . iii'iirit il-xraph and railroad 
Bompunles. still i.r i i - imveKOlden tips and 

are packed 1.11 1. : i und to avoid soll- 

InK the (Inger- i > ' i and unique. They 


Rogers MaDifold and Carbon Paper Co., 


HcndqiinrrerM lor ninnifold l*n^i*r, Cprbon 


Le Clanche 
Ruling Pen, 

readi" ; will suvi 
Thousands lu u: 
"Your Monby I 
If vou don't tin 

Le Clancbe Roling PeD Co., 



The American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contain* CXassifitd Lists and Addresses for the entire 
U.S. of all 
1. ColleRes, Female Seminaries and Academies. 2. 
Normal Schools, a. Business Colleges. 4. Schools of 
Soleuco. 5. Schools of Theologv. rf. Schools of Law. 
7. Schools of Medicine— HeKUl»r. Et'leotlo and Homos- 
opathlc. 8. Schools of Dentlstrv. 0. Schools of Phar- 
macy. 10. St«te Superintendents. 11. County Super- 
intendents. Also leading— 12. Cllv Superintendents, 
13. Principals. IJ. Assistants, etc. GatJiered f rom 
Official Sources and revised to dat« of Issue. 

Price, S3.00 Net. 

C. H, EVANS & CO., 



THE STENOCRAPH/""""'"'""""""" 

Quickly learned : no strain of eyes, hand or I 
Work uniform, accurate, easy and reliable. Sen 
Circular. Machines rentet) on trial. 


P rice. "leduceJ lu S'ZH. a tf SI. l,oui». 

of the Woi 


thi euflcnc Ticid monument Souvenir 

The most beautilul Art Production of the ceo- 
lury. "A small bunch of the most frasraot of blos- 
soms aathered from the broad ocrci of Eageoe Fields 
Farm of Love.-' Contains a selection of the most 
beautiful of the poems of Eugene Field. Hand- 
somely illustrated by thirtv-iive oi the world s 
greatest artists as their contribution to the Mon- 
ument Fund. But for the noble contribution of the 
Rreat artists this book could not bsTe been moaufac- 
tured for J7.00. For sale at book stores, or sent 
;ipt of $1.10. The love offering to 
■.aureate, published by the Com- 
__ A fund to build the Monument 
id to care for the family of the beloved poet. 
Eugene Field Monument Souvenir Fund, 

180 Moaroe street. ChlGago, IlL 

Oil llio lAnv, 

From the Chioa(io Daily Tribune. 

It was an hour or more after mldnlKht. 

There was a furious rlnglnsc at the door bell. 

A few minutes elapsed, and then a head was thrust 
out of a second-story window. 
■ What do you waut ?" 

"Thlsls where Mr. Speedier lives. Isn't It?" 

■' Yes. I am Mr. Speecher-" 

■■ You delivered an address hefore the Advancement 
of Mankind Club this evening on 'The Dead of 90 ? ' " 

■■ I did," 

■■ You«pokeof anoted man named Alclblades Mc- 
Olhheny?" "Yes" 

'■ \Vas he a Protestant or a Roman Catholic ? " 

"He was a Protestant. What—" 

" That's all I want to know. I'm the shorthand re- 
porter that took down the speech, and I couldn't tell 
from my notes whether you aald that at the ape of '27 
he entered the ministry or a monastery. Ever so 
much obliged to you. Good night ! " 

If the stenographer had been a Munson 
writer this would not have occurred. 
All such conflicting words are amply 
provided for in the' valaable list of Out- 
lines Specially Distinguished, pages 350 
to 371 of the new text-book, ART OF 
PHONOGRAPHY. The book costs 
S'2.00, and can be had of booksellers, or 
will be sent, post-paid, on receipt of price, 
by the publishers, 


154 ^'ns 

street, JVeii 



The best cla-ss book published on the subject. 
Sample copies 35 cent^. Send for circular. 
Address, C. V. CARHART, 
495 Clinton Ave.. Albany, N. Y. 


e sendlnt; n sketch and description may 

probably patent 

o. free, y 
. , . table. Commuuic 
nfldentlal. Oldest axencf forsc 
in America. We have a Wash 
Patents taken through Munn 

rmg patents 
ton office. 
Co. recelT* 


beatittfullT Ithuitrated, 

Llflc jou 

ON Patents sent free. Add: 

MUNN & CO., 
3ff' Broadway. New York. 



The most satisfactory way to test the merits of any text-book is to give it a 
fair trial in the class-room. 


was adopted tliiee years ago in the Public Hay Schools of New York City, and 
has been re-adopted each succeeding year. A gratifying testimony to the rare 
merits of any text-book. 

"The 'ComptefnPlionnni-nnhJr Tii^triict-.r • \v\< l.p.-n iPioiv-Ml, nnd 
I have G.viimined tlie -aiiir wicli thr -nMt.'^r p|,M~uir, 1 1 i~, nnieci. 
'COniplete." mid ir w ■nlil hr iiiipii--li|, r .mm 'l^ ii]>.m' ..| l>ri 1,1 -;,i Minted 
material, both in 1 lir hi-jiiiiiii--' [mM hikI ;i1-" m r In ;iii \ n ,.Miive, 

than you h:tve doiiu m Iliiv 1 k a- an •^\•\ pU- -raplin . I iirri partu-ll- 

laiiy taken with Cliuplers XXI. an.i XXI.., and Uk' wlmit; ul Purll-,. 
•Speed Praoticc.'"-TheHon. Joii-v N L.HuKr. LL.D.. E.v-Prcs. Uoiird 
of Education, New York City. 

New Edition. A Full Revision to date. 253 pp. Handsome red cloth and gilt 
lettering. Price, Si. 50. Specimen pages free. 


Phonographic I^esson Cards. 

CJust published.) A course of Shorthand I 
Lessons based on "The Complete Photio- , 
graphic Instructor,'' in which the principles, 
are set forth separately in lojrical succession. 
Intended chieHy for use in classes, and for ' 
teaching by correspondence. Price, $1 00. , 
Specimen Card free. ' 

"The arrangement and engraving are excellent."— 1 
Penman's Art Journal. ' 

Pitman's Shorthand Dictionary. \ 

Seventh Edition Now Ready. Complete Re- | 
vision to Date. Contains the Shorthand 
forms for 60,000 words, and is the most com- 
prehensive Dictionary published. __Sen(i for 
pages free. 300 pp. 

■ geographical and other 
1 printed, au ' 
t be of great f 

and printed, and 1 

Business Correspondence 

in Shorthand, 

phers in American business offices. The fol- 
iowingsubjects are treated: Railroad. Law, 
Bankinir. Stocks, etc., etc. Kejed i 

writing Specially tor Isaac Pi 

but of value to writers of any system. 

pages. Price, each. 30c. 

■ shorthand teachers 

■clal College, St. 

iC^ Send for complete Catalogue. Liberal Discount to Teachers, Schools and 
the Trade. Correspondence solicited. Address 


The Phonographic Depot, - - - 33 Union Square, New York. 

Take Lessons at the Metre 

The American System 
of Shorthand. 

The Manual of Phonography (325th thou- 
sand), by Benn Pitman and Jerome B. 
Howard. Cloth. Si.oo ; boards, Soc. 

The Reporter's Companion, by Benn Pit- 
man and lerome B. Howard. Cloth, 
J1.25; boards, Si.oo. 

The Phrase Book, by Benn Pitman. 
Cloth, $1.00. ' 

The Phonographic Dictionary, by Benn 
Pitman and Jerome B. Howard. Cloth, 

Special rates to schools and teachers, 
d for our wholesale price-list giving 


and introductK 

Three Books for Teaciiers and Learn- 
ers of any System of Shorthand. 

How Long — A Symposiun 




reporters of the day on the length of ti 
required for obtaining verbatim speed 
writing shorthand. A remarkable assem- 
blage of opinions and experiences. Full 
of happy suggestions. 189 pages, i6mo. 
Cloth, 75c.; paper, 50c. 

The Mastery of Shorthand, bv David 
Wolfe Brown. Official Reporter, U, S. 
House of Representatives. An essay on 
mastery by a master. Worth many times 
its cost to every young and to most old 
reporters. Paper, 350. 

The Teaching of Shorthand, by G. A. 

Clark. The Phonographic Magazine 
S250 Prize Essay. It should be read bv 
every progressive teacher, regardless of 
system. Paper. 25c. 


Typewriter Instructors, 

According to the Eight-Finger Method. 

Remington Typewriter Lessons, by Mrs. 
M. V. Longlcy, Paper, 50c. 

Caligraph Lessons, by Mrs. M. V. Long- 
ley. Paper. 50c. 

The Smith Premier Typewriter In- 
structor, by Elias Longley. Paper, 50c. 

The Yost Typewriter Instructor, by 

Elias Longley. Paper, 50c 

The National Typewriter Instructor, 
by Elias Longley. Paper, 50c. 

The Scientific Typew^riter Instructor, 

by Elias Longley. Paper, 50c. 

A special discount to teachers and book- 
sellers. A single examination copy of any 
of the Instructors will be sent to any teacher 
who has not heretofore used them on re- 
ceipt of twenty cents. 

For Court Reporters and Learners of 
Court Reporting. 

Instructions in Practical Court Report- 
ing, by H. W. Thorne. The standard 
work on this important subject, Exem- 
plifies, explains and instructs as to all the 
details of trials, teaching the short- 
hand writer how to use his skill in making 
a report, Contains valuable suggestions 
to lawyers and law students, found in no 
other work. Has received glowing testi- 
monials from official reporters, judges, 
lawyers, law lecturers, teachers of short- 
hand and the press. Cloth, $1.00. 

Published and sold at liberal discounts to teachers and booksellers by 

The Phonographic Institute Company, 

Write for complete Catalog. CINCINNATI. O. 




Two orijrinal works The Writing Teacher will give you more nnd better ideas of 
how to learn or leach writinpr. than any book published. Only 50 copies left. Purchase it 
and you will learn where a great many penmen got their " original ideas." Price %\. Mono- 

^ ^ TOLAND, La Crosse. Wis. 

PRC-p-.LJ A IV|n taught in THE ART 
rn^L n^M^l^ student. 4 back 

DRAWING futfrom°J°:nI%^ 
AND for$i.i5. 7 spec. Nos. 50c 

132 W. 23d S> 

New YiK* 



And No Less Good for Students and Intelligent 
People Generally. 

olilnble bookH lo 

I directly applicnble i 
ptaphyBicB, hiMtory, ti 

idsoD Hue 



Did you know of this college? The idea that gave It birth was one of the most brilliant 
educational conceptions of our day— Chautauqua made more practical, brought nearer down to 
date, and in even closer touch with the best educational, scientific and literary thought of the day. 
Nevertheless, this brilliant scheme seems not to have succeeded flnancially— the history of many 
another really good enterprise. 

What remains of the college now is a great mass of matter, rich in everything pertaining to 
literature and pedagogics. This has been carefully edited and published in book form. 

There are a number of different books, uniform in size (about 6H x 9-130 pages), printed 
from clean, new type on extra heavy paper throughout. 

An idea of the coutents of these volumea may be had from hastily summarizing the captions 

of tw 

r thr 

IVo. X, for example, opens with a personal letter from Geo. W. Cable, the eminent novelist. 
An admirable '■ Ten Minute Talk to Young Teacuers." by Geo . Howland, follows. Then there is 
' How to Succeed in Literature." by the Master literature-connoisseur of the English tongue- 
Andrew Lang. It is a good deal out of an intelligent person's life not to have read and re-read 
this little essay of 16 pages. In the line of biography are two very graphic sketches— of Shake- 
speare and Browning, respectively, ochopenhauer's celebrated essay on " tityle in Composition " 
rounds out the purely literature features. In the line of instruction are twenty-four compact, 
practical lessons in grammar, b.v cieymour Eaton: also lessons, hints, queries, examinations, etc., 
in arithmetic, geography, bookkeeping, letter writing, etc. 

No, 2 begins with a letter from Ed wan' " 

hers ' 18 by Louisa Parsons Hopkins " I_ . . . . , 

score of the world's most eminent writers and thinkers, including Prof. Huxley, Dinah Maria 
Craik, Jean Ingelow. Prof. Tyndall, T. W. Higginson. Geo. Macdotiald. Bret Harte. Amelia E. 
Barr. Lew Wallace. Elizabeth Sruart Phelps, iBrs. Oliphant, Mark Twain. Wilkie Collins. Julian 
Hawthorne, tir Edwin Arnold, Geo. Meredith, Jas. Russell Lowell and others. Among the other 
features are "How to Teach History." by Dr. ftamucl WillarU; "Thinking for One's Self," by 
Arthur Schopenhauer : " End and Means ui Teaching," by E. E. White; "School Discipline," by 
Dr. Larkin Uunton ; Biographical sketches of Shakesi)eare and Addison : " A Study of the Teach- 
ing of Literature," by Dr F. R.March: "The Language of the World," with all the leading 
alphabets reproduced in fae-simile. 

No » hasa pretatory letter from Miss Prances E. Willard. The "Ten Minute Talk to 
Young Teachers " is by Geo. Munro Grant. A wholesome article on "The Choice of Books" is 
from the pen of Frederic Harrison. Mrs. Mary Sheldon Barnes discusses "The Best Methods of 
Teaching United states History." " Letters to Dead Authors," by Andrew Lang, furnishes not 
onlyflrst-class entertainment, but much food for serious thinking. Thackeray, Dickens and Edgar 
Allan Poff are the ones addressed, sixteen pages nf the book are devoted to the teaching of 
arithmetic and an equal number to the teaching of spelling. " The Language of the World " and 
" How to Succeed in Literature " are in this volume, as well as in No. i. 

Each of these books is well worth a ilollar to any intelligent person. We have bought prac- 
tically the entire edition at a low figure, and are otTering them at a price to correspond. Our 
price. incluQing postage, is only 25 cents a volume, or three volumes for 50 cents. If you want any. 


nd Normal schools will find the subjoined combination offers of s. 

The Penman's Art Journal 

to piibli< 

Priuta more that is ol value 
Wriljns than nil th 

A large portion of Its space each month is devoted to the interests of the teachers in public 
schools. It keeps the teacher in touch with modern conditions and methods, conveys the latest 
information as to what other teachers are doing, reports progress on all new impulses (such as 
vertical writingi; in a word, lifty eeols' worth of PENMAN'S ART JOURNAL goes 
further and lit freetlier aud more practical on all linen rolailna; to penmanship 
than ten dollars' ivorth of any other combination of periodicals extant. We 
have set our pegs for fifty thousand new public school subscribers during the year '97. If we get 
them (no matter at what cost this year) at least one hundred thousand will be with us next year 
at the regular price. Here goes : 

For fifry roiiis. Wp will sondTRE Phnman's Art Joursal to any public school teaeber for on 
togelhi'i- with iini=-(Hi;iitf'r ltos-; iif the best school pens made. 

I'"<ir -i\ (III \ -ii \ !■ iiiii~. We will send The Penman's Art JODRNAL one year and give a year' 
scrlpil'ii - >\'iii\gz Normal Instructor, School Record, National Educator, The Ed. 

Home Journa.L I; n ..< , 
Northtcestern Jiniriml 

For two del I a 
loriptloi ' 


area Journal agent 
ave any notion of 
;r relation, please re; 
which tells the w 
ily as wcarcabletod 
single letter reprcsen 
, on a 50-cent transac 

Subscription Rates. 

The Pknmas's .\rt Journai, Is published iu I 
tlons. The price ot the regular edition is 50c. 
without premium. It consists of 
twenty pages. The price of Ihe other edition 
Is 81 a year, Including privilege of a premium. 
The $t edition Is known as the Netcs Edition 
and should be so deslgnat«d. It Is uniform 
with the regular edition, with four added 
pages containing news notes and miscellany. 

Unless the News Edition Is specially designated, all 
our references to The Journal, all announcements of 
premium combinations, etc., apply to the cheaper 
edition. Our friends are requested to follow the same 
rule— that Is to say, to specify the News Edition when 
they have occftslon to refer to It ; otherwise It will be 
understood that they mean the regular (cheaper) 

All advertisements go lu both editions. 

Clubbing Rates. 

Regular Edition. —3 .subs. Ji, 5 to 10 subs. 30c. each, ta 

N6W8£:ditlon.— asubs. si.30.'3sub5.|i.ti5,4 or more subs. 

No premiums go with TH8 JOURNAL at these rates. 
NOT8.— All subscription offers that we have previously made the 
present season, whether with or without premium, WILL 
HOLD GOOD until Oct. i. '97. 

Permanent List. 

To Club Subscribers. 

num^lir''tn^u*'wTnreceiv '*''"* "'at your sub. expires wit] 
■ aperhelofu 

ill the 1 


ent or get up a ciui> yourself (provided 

any present apent in a school). The 

u have found tl 

t unless you subscribe 
1 we should be pleased 

: known 

e plainly givei 


offe>a apply 


A Beautiful Stick Pin 

HE JOURNAL has had specially manufac 

turod from Its own -'"'•' - -■ ■ 

pin, toofTeras a pi 

It Is made In solid sliver, also 

THE SILVER PIN has the qulU ^^. 

ling silver, and the stick pin part of Oer- 

TDE GOLD PIN Is solid. 14 karat, except 
the stick part, which Is German silver cold 

e dollar u-eiVfUl send Thb JouaNii. 

design a very neat stick 
iremlum to subscribers. 
In solid gold, 
e quill 0'^ 

For one dollar and fifty a 

i/ear, and the s 


renewaU and send s 

o dollars we irill send ttvo copies of 
RNAL (to different adrlre-ses. If de- 
or one year, ami the solid oold 
we will send Thk JornsAL for tux> 
d the solid Kold pin. 
»■(■<■ dollars, tliree subs, (or your 
u"u CA. ended three years) and two solid 

This pin makes a very tasty and beautiful gift. A 
Jeweler would charge at least $1.50 for It. 

SPECIAL..— To those desiring to be placed on our 
Permanent List for two years, we will send the solid 
gold pin as premium for a remittance of SI now The 
other dollar to be remitted promotty at end of first 
year. Present subscribers may have their subscrip- 
tions extended and thus avail themselves of this offer 

e by postal card) shall 

This paragraph marked means that your subscrip- 
tion on The Journal's Pey-manent List ($1) is 
due. The paper will be continued until otherwise 
ordered. Subscriptions are invariably payable in ad- 
vance, and prompt remittance is requested and &r- 
pected, as the se7iding of a bill or letter involves an eo-- 
petiseof at least five per cent, on the entire gross amount. 

Only subscribers for the News Edition t 
)e cut off promptly at t 

Changing Addresses. 

Where this can- 

I nothing), not for- 

m\TgotottiyyopVrpUc;dVe«r'""'^^ '"' ° your papers 

i^' Our subscription Ust is now kept by States, so 
that we can't change your address unless you tell us 
the name of post office nnd State at which you tcere 
last entered. 

Incorrect Addresses. 

Itsomctlmes happens that names sent us by agents are mts- 
(^tail. It also sometimes happens, thouvh much lesso^en, that 

the first papers that they receive. If there should be the slightest 

ways more 

plainly and it will be attended 

Agents Wanted Everywhere. 

writing us. Wed 

Specimen Copies.— We do not fui 
Journal to promiscuousapplkants. 

effort to get subscriptions. While n 

slight and agents should be careful an 

Under no circumstance will e 
entered unless accompanied w 


' subscription be 

Works of Instruction in Penmanship. 

otherwise than i_„ , 

cloth, 81. TheGuidelupapersentasp 
sub. (SI). Cloth 25 ct9, extra. 

Ames* ro»y-Slii>8 for ^elf-InHtruction in 
Practicnl Penmuusliip.— This covers about the 
same ground as the Guide, but Instead of being In book 
form it Is composed of movable slips progressively ar- 
ranged. This work also has had a very large safe In- 
dependently of Its use as prfmliiiii at 50 cents a set 
The " Copy-Slips ' ' will !.<■ sent (is jin-pti. for one sub.($l)i 

The Lorjl'M Prayer (si/.e lit x a4 Inches); 
Flourished Englc i^4 x SU); Flourished Stair 
(24x3-^)^t;enreiiuinl Picture ol l>roirres» (24 

rfield Hie 

al (I! 

: Paper, 75c.; 

34) ; Grant 

1 designs CUtho- 

of the above beautiful and elal 
graphed) sentasprem. for one sub. ($ 

Ames* Book of Flourishes.— S , „™ 

c IIH. Price, heavy manllla binding. SI; cloth, with 

of book, SJiJ 
gold sYanip, $l.t)6r 

It gives 125 beautiful designs, delicately printed o 
superfine pa per— most of them masterpieces— by 72 c 
the world's leading penmen. We win send the boo 
Ilia binding as premium for one sub. and 1 

aC^l.lO). Foi 

(S2) - 

Itand any of the premiums announced above for 

e sub. and .^0 < 

■ Flodrishes In best cloth 
($1.A0, the price of 

the book ulon 

Address all letters to and make checks, 1 


UrailoalG!! PlaGed In Good Posilions Every WeeK. 

nd flftv 

r> different addrt 

8 it desired. If you a 

all other educational journals, you will say so to your friends atnong- the public school teachers. 

•• If ,1 

> ni 

Vthing nb 





n find It 




ao2 Broadway, New York. 

rill be started with January, 1897, so as to include all 

Few Schools in the United States, and NONE iN ViRGlNiA, offer these advantages. 


Elegant Catalogue FREE — ~-- 

Address, B. A. DAVIS, JR., President, RICHMOND, VA, 


•• ^^^moM dTtit'O^iUAo/^ 



Pen-Written Coiiies 2:: SlaDtMlfertlcal. 

for instruction and practice in slant 
writing which are very popular, and are 
being extensively used in classes and for individual practice, 
called Complete Hdition and Abridged Edition. The 
former consists of 255 carefully graded, elegant copies and a 
complete Book of Instructions, affording suggestions to the 
teachers and pnpils as to how the exercises are to he used to 
produce the best results. The latter is composed of 108 
Copies, selected from the former, and a Book of Instructions. 
Each set is enclosed in a handsome and substantial cloth case, 
conHtituting a compact and elegant package. 

This is a package of exercises in 
Vertical penmanship, which are 
written in an easy, graceful and 
rea<lily aciinired style. Each slip bears not only an exercise 
for practice, but complete instruction regarding how to 
practice to secure correct forms and facility in execution. 
This arrangement renders improvement as certain as it is 
possible to make it. 

These exercises, both slant and vertical, were prepared by 
men of national reputation as penmen and teachers, and are 
on all accounts the beat aids to good writing that have ap- 


These Copies will he Mailed to :iuy address at the 

rolJo%\iJi£ Prices: 


Complete Edition, Slant. 255 copies, $1. 
Abridged " '■ 108 

Compute " Vertical. 105 

/ Special Prii 
to Schools. 











To accompany these we have 
BLANK BOOKS— Several Arrangements, 

BUSINESS FORMS-A Great Variety, 
PENS— Three Numbers, 

PAPER, Etc., Etc. 



Rochester, N. Y. ^ ^ ^ Chicago, III. 

m To Teachers and 
Principals of Schools: 

Do you wish to use books that are 
practical and up to date ? Of course you 
do, and want the best. Have you ex- 
amined the books mentioned in the adjoin- 
ing column ? If not, you should do so be- 
fore deciding upon text-books for the com- 
ing year. These books have been adopted 
by many of the leading schools through- 
out the country, and their superiority is 
acknowledged by thousands of progressive 
educators. You are requested to corre- 
spond with us in regard to the merit of 
these publications. 




Do not adopt new text-Books or make chang:es until you 
have examined these publications : 

Spelling and Letter Writing, 

fiftieth tliousaod. The complete 
book contains 204 pages, 5fie x '^ 
(118 pages devoted to spelllntr and 
«6 to letter writing), and U fully llliis- 
traied with elegantly eugraveil cop- 
per-plate script. 

Typewriting Instructor 

and Stenographer's Hand-book.— 
Editions for Remington, Caligraph. 
Smith Premier. Kemlogton and Call- 
grapb combined. 

Plain English, 

n_practlcal text-book on the subject 

les.'iona of 20 ■ 

has so largely consisted. 

a popular book of^ 116 pages— 186 
Bound In full 


Practical Shorthand. 

eminently practical and complete. It 
contains SO full pages of engraved 
shorthand, and nearly 500 other en- 
graved llluatrattous. 

Commercial Law, 

iystematlcailj arranged and fully 

"Write for Illustrated Catalogue. 

The Practical Text Book Company, 



~ O M I O t=^^ 3 


Entered at N. Y. P. O. as .Second-class Matter. 


Peirce School. 

TEST PROBLEMS is the title of a col- 
lection of business problems that has just been 
issued. Its nucleus is the little volume issued 
by Doctor Peirce a few years ago, which met 
with much favor among teachers and business 
students. In its amplified form, it should meet 
with a cordial reception. Sent postpaid for 
twenty-five cents per copy. 

Send for Descriptive Catalogue of Publications. 


gi7-gig Cbestnat Street, Pbiladelpbia. 


I. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Ckjmplete Edition), with and with- 
ont answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, $1.50 

3. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 
tial part of the complete book Retail price, fl.OO 


CORRESPONDENCE RetaU price, |1.00 

With proper discounts to Schools. 

of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, under Mr. Mnnson's 
supervision, and acknowledged to be the best aids in the stndy of Mnnson 
Shorthand. Send for complete circular. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St, New York. 

Presenting the style of writing which prevails among Bookkeepers. Accountants, 
and Copyixts generally. This system is being received with very great favor ; it 
seems to solve tbe vexed question of the kind of writing to be taught in public 
schools. It is known as 

^^/J^ J'^ J^'^ Educational System of Intermedial 
' Penmanship, 



Adopted and in use in the schools of Xew York City, Brooklyn. N. Y.. Hartford, 
Ct.. New Haren. Ct.. and other cities. The following unsolicited letter from the 
Teacher of Penmanship, Hartford, Ct., will be of interest to educators. 
H. P. Smith Publishimi Co. Hartford. Ct., Dec. 7, isaii. 

OeiUIemcn :— Your New Intermedial Copy-Bnoks are ffivlnfr great satisfaction Every 
teacber Is loud in praise of the style of tbe writing, and the character of the matter for "practice 
I have never seen pupils so carried away with new copy books in all my teaching. 

Specimen Pages Free. Correspondence Solicited. 

H. P. Smith Publishing: Co., • -11 East 16th Street, New York, N. Y. 

p Diplomas. 

Why look further for your diplomas? We have 
them and they are not cheap prints but are genu- 
inely and neatly lithographed. We can furnish 
them with headings of BUSINESS COLLEGE, COM- 
also for shorthand schools and for shorthand de- 
partments. If you are interested in the matter, send 
for special circular. 

The Practical Speller 

Will give you such satisfaction in your classes as 
you have not known heretofore. It contains over 
eighty lessons of fifty words each. Retail price, 25c. 

How Business Is Done 

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' The Compendium on Penmanship compiled by Prof. H. H. Stutsman, Los Angeles, Cal., is 
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12 N. Charles St., *-' 


«t ^4 A4 A4 A A ^4 A j'4 A j'4 ^4 ^4 A g^ gt A A A A gU ^4 ^« A A A ^4 J'4 A ^4 j(4 £ 

Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 


(These lessons began In the January. 1897, number of The Journal, 
and full-price subscrlptlous (Dot clubbing) may start with that Issue 
If desired.) 

Are Yon Di^couraijed '.' 

It is only natural, perhaps, that many who have 
undertaken thi.s course of lessons, with good resolu- 
tions at the beginning, have become discourageil 
after a few fitful trials, and have relapsed into their 
fonuer toriior. Some claim that they were not born 
" uatural " writers, and do not believe they ever can 
learn. I sincerely sympathize with this class of peo- 
ple, because many of us have given up in despair 
just at the turning point, and success would have 
been within' our grasp had we continued a little 
longer in well doing. 

When the student, has acquired sufficient move- 
ment to enable him to begin to make satisfactory 
progress he finds that he cannot manage the move- 
ment, neither can he return to his slow finger move- 
ment .style and write as well as he formerly did. 
His writing is, metaphorically speaking, between 
two fires. He says his writing is growing worse in- 
stead of better. 

I will say to you, you who realize symptoms of the 
above, that form must be sacrificed to movement for 

1 awhile. Yon have been working on form ever since 
you can remember, now ,iudge for yoiu-selves if that 
kind of practice has not been a miserable failure. 

After the movement has been brought luider par- 
tial control, then you have just cause to feel excour- 
aged, for then you will notice a gradual gaining 
every day. I am sure I cannot be mistaken in this, 
that if you will work along earnestly and patiently. 

I heeding the instructions and not feeling anxious 

j aboxit the results, you will become a good business 
writer in the near future. Is it not worth working 
for, and hard work at that ? 

I The t, tt and q. 

I On Plate 14, the " t," " d " and " g " are given. 
First practice on the small oblique exercise, made 

I one-half large space in height, then widen the down 
lines, making the turn at the base line and form the 

I skeleton for the " ^■• There are two forms for this 
letter. Notice how the " final " " t " is made, and 
wi'ite no less than four without lifting the jien. The 
d may be developed by practicing on the small a. 
and the short oblique exercise. Place the short loop 
below the a and form the q. Make five without lift- 
ing the pen. 

Write three pages or more with each of the word 
copies. Do not write any larger than the copy, and 
use an easy, rapid movement. 

The Capital W. 

While we are in the business of making the t, v.-e 
wll try one of the most practical styles of the W 
that is used. On Plate 15 the steps for movement 
practice are plainly marked out. and if the copies in 
Plate 14 have been thoroughly worked you will not 
liave much trouble with this capital. Do not make 
the two parts of the letter too wide, but get about 
the same proiiortion as shown in the copy. Finish 
with a slight dot. It will furnish excellent practice 
tn combine several after you have learned to make 
them well separately. Practice on the word copies 
uitil you are satisfied that you can do no better. 

Revieir of Smalt Letters. 

On Plate 16 will be found all of the small letters 
that have been given in the preceding lessons, and 


are grouped in good practicing order for a review. 
The small exercises in the February lesson will be 
valuable as a means of taming the muscles for this 
kind of small letter practice. Take up a letter and 
write an entire line across the page without lifting 
the pen, taking care about the sx)acing between let- 
ters. There is a tendency at first to use too much 
finger movement in writing the one space letters. 
Use more arm motion. Try to improve in form as 
well as speed, but do not sacrifice movement for 
form. Hold your writing out at arm's length, and 
perhaps you will notice some fault that you would 
otherwise overlook. 

Too much stress cannot be laid upon the practice 
of small letters. In practical wiating you probably 

K^ether. Write smaller. Re\new the work in January and 
February lessons. Address The Penman's Aht Journal if 
you wish to renew your subscription. 

L. McR., Salem, Va.— Your movement shows a stroue line, 
but see if you can make the compact exercises in Plate 5. 
January Journal, as black as the copy. Work the two first 
lessons through very carefully again. 

Harry V. K. and Others.— Your capitals are very ^ood. ' 

C. H E.. Jr., Brooklyn.— Make small letters a little smaller, 
and close "a " and " o " at top. Make the flnishing sti-oke of 
a letter a trifle higher than the letter, and try not to finish on 
or below base line Continue to try to apply the muscular 
movement to the small letters. If you do not become a fine 
business writer I shall be greatly disappointed. 

J. H. F , McKeesport, Pa.— The small compound curve ex- 



rT-TT'^ f'TT^T^ f-T-T^-^ 


write all the way from twenty-five to fifty or more 
small letters to every capital. Beginners usually 
have the fault of spending too much time in prac- 
ticing the capitals and not enough time in drilling 
on the small letters. Pay attention to the little 

Criticism Column. 

[Note.— Please see that full postage is placed on specimena 
sent for tnis department. No charge is made to Journal 
suhacribers for criticisms in thif column. Should you desire 
personal criticism, send me 25 cents and a ;i-cent stamp and 
your work will be carefully criticised and returned to yon, 
together with a letter written in my be^t business style. Ad- 
dress all communications to E. C. Mills, Rochester, N. Y.] 

The finest specimens of practice work received this month 
come from the pen of F. J. Sargent, Richford, :Vt. To the 
student sending us the best specimens of practice work this 
month we will pul>Msh a few of his specimens in the May 
issue. Use black ink. Who will send us the best specimens y 

Otto R.. Le Mars, Iowa.— Your pen should be replaced with 
a new one. Your small compact exercises are too large and 
not compact enough. Get your writing down smaller. 

A. A., Fall River, Mass.— Compact oblique exercise in Feb- 
ruary lesson should be made nearly black. More practice on 
the small compact exercises. Make them much smaller than 
the copy sent me. 

J. O. W.. Goodstown. Canada.— Use more of the rolling 
motion in making the small " m " and " i " exercises. 

John N. K.. Earliug. Iowa.— More systematic practice on 
small compact exercises. Close " o " at top. 

Grace M. H., Harrisburg, Pa.— You have been used to writ- 
ing with finger movement, but the large exercises sent are 
good. Try to make down lines In compact ovals closer to- 

ercise. as found in Plate 6, January lesson, should receive care- 
ful attention. 

J. A, P., Hika, Wis.— Please send practice work on foolscap 
paper. Your movement is good, but watch the httle things. 

M J, K., Earhng, Iowa —Your movement seems to be hard 
to manage. That is all right for the beginning; now review 
the small exercises in the February lesson again. 

Geo. J. P., Glens Palls, N. Y -" Please let me know if you 
think I can ever learn to wi-ite." You or any one may be- 
come an excellent business i)enman if you will just work 
patiently and foUow some good course of lessons in muscular 
movement writing. 

J. W. J.. Moscow. Idaho.— You have not followed instruc- 
tions carefully. Now, commence on the January lesson and 
put some solid work on the compact exercises. Do not be 
satisfied until your work is about as good as the copy m 
Plate 5. 

Katie C, Nampa, Idaho; Alma F., Sundale, Pa.— Good 
movement on the foundation exercises. Work duigently on 
the small letters and word copies. 

J L H . Portland Mills. Ind,— Small letters are made too 
large. Write about one-half that size. 

H W. K., FrankUu Falls. N. H.-Yes, your writing is too 
large Your movement is strong ; see if you can bring it 
under control for smaller writing. I am glad you are thor- 
oughly in earnest with this practice work. 

Chas R Li . Quincy. 111.— You and many others need to 
spend day after day in the practice of those compact exer- 
cises. Do away with finger movement in small letters. 

Jas H.. Lawrence. Mass.— Your specimens rank among the 
best received this month Owing to the extra wide rulings 
on your paper your writing is too large. \our strokes show 
a strong and vigorous movement. 

W. W,, Corwith, Iowa,— Your writinc is too misystemati* 
to criticise here. Do nothing for a while but the work in the 
January lesson and send me your best efforts. 



W. K. R., Auburn. Pa.— Do not lift the pen in writing a 

Wm. M., Brookh-n— Make down lines in compact exercises 

Carlx)ndale. Pa,— Please write your name on all specimens 
sent as it will save considerable trouble- The flnisning line 
in a number uf words is made carelessly. 

Lillian H.—Writing too large. 

T L. S.. Bradford, Pa.; Fred M. R.. Rochester.— You are 
not too late to enter the contest You will Ijc compelled to 
work hard, if you beat some of our Jouknal students who 
are working for the certificates. 

B. M. R., Annex. Va.— Write a page or two more of the 
small compact exercises. Watch finishing stroke in word 
copies. Splendid movement. 

J. A, D.— Your ideas are entirely too large for good business 
writing Fix up several pages properly of the small exer- 
cises in February lesson. Send me your practice sheets every 

We are hearing from many new ones who have decided to 
be^in and do systematic practice in business writing. In our 
estimation, young people cannot employ their spare time 
more ])rofltably than in the practice of penmanship. We 
hope to hear from many more who will join our large class. 
There are hundreds of them, and we hope you will help us in 
making this series of lessons a great success. 

Do not hesitate to write and send specimens, if they are 
ever so poor, providing they are your best, as it is with pleas- 
ure that we look over the work of those who are trying to 
improve themselves by home practice. E. C, mills. 

■yV^TP ^ ■ 

Lessons in Ornamental Writing. 


(These lessons beK&a In the February. 1897, number of THE JODR- 
mu., and subscriptions may start with that Issue If desired.) 
No. 3. 
To the Student. 

In the planning of this course of lessons I deemed it 
unnecessary to consume space in describing the position 
and movement, as there have been a number of articles 
on these topics running through The Journal within 
the past few months. But in answer to the many ques- 
tions on this point 1 will say, to become a fine penman I 
believe it is absolutely necessary to use muscular move- 
ment on capitals and combined movement on the small 
letters, and for the benefit of those who need more ex- 
plicit instruction I refer you to the directions and exer- 
cises given by Mr. C. E. Mills in the January and 
Febriiarj- numbers of this paper. They are aa good for 
developing fore-arm or muscular movement ae could be 
given. Then repeat your wort in the February and 
March numbers of this course, by mailing the shaded ovals 
and stems hundreds of times ; yes, thousands of times ; 
as it would be almost useless to take up new matter with- 
out having these principles under your control. 

From those from whom I have received specimens, I 
judge all have the inspired ambition to become good pen- 
men, but as yet some are not using the properly directed 
effort that will bring about the desired result within a lim- 
ited space of time. Vou are getting over enough paper, but 
it seems you have not the faculty of knitting your work 
closely enough together in order to be benefited in writ- 
ing the eight or ten pages required. More mental and 
physical force, with constant repetition and well directed 
purpose, is what will count in the end. 

What reward will a man reap by planting a tew scatter- 
ing hills of corn in a hundred acres of poor soil V Where 
can you be benefited by scattering a few undirected 
efforts over a hundred sheets of poor paper ? 

Plate jViixifcei- JiiglU. 

This represents three lines of page practice work writ- 
ten by Mr. Apple, a student, after six weeks' piactice. 
Notice the dash and grace he already has to his work. 
Make note of how he managed to get so many stems on 
a line, aud write on every Ime. Can you not write eight 
or ten pages of each of these stems given in the March 
number and all the copies hereafter in the same man- 
ner i By so doing 1 believe you will be greatly benefited 
and well rewarded for the time spent. 
Plate yiimbcr Xtne. 

Your skill in ornamental writing will depend largely 
upon your ability to get harmony, symmetry, graceful- 
ness of line, and to place the shade correctly. ' 

In this plate you will see I have illustrated three 
ovals aud three dashes, representing the locations of the 
ovals and widest part of the shades as they will appear 
in the capital letters to follow. 

The first oval in the illustration should be known as flat 
oval, first position, as it will always appear above the 
base line. 

The second should be known as the oval on main slant. 

The third is one that should be equally divided by the 
base line, aud known as Hat ovol, third position. 

The shades of the capital lettei-s are represented in 
three positions, which I have designated by the dashes. 
The top one should be known as first position, as it will 
always appear high above the base line. The next should 
be known as the second position, as it will always appear 
on the base line. The lower should be known as third 
position, as it will always appear h,l„iv the base line. 

Now as all of the capitals contain at leastone shade, and 
from one to three ovals, let us see how this will bring to 
bear upon tlie analyzing aud memorizing the correct 
form of the letters. Notice, for instance, the C, 11' stem 




and 7 that are given. For the analysis of the C, you find 
first a flat.oval first position, a high shade first position, 
and a flat oval second position. In the Wstem, you find 
oval main slant and shade on base line, or second posi- 
tion. In^he ./, you find oval main slant and shade below 
the base line, or third position. Believing that I have 
made these suggestions plain, 1 desire that you retain 
them in your memory, and concentrate your mind upon 
these principles from time to time when practicing the 
capitals, as a poorly made oval and a misplaced shade will 
oftentimes destroy the pleasing effect of a neatly writ- 
ten page. 

l*late Xittnher Ten. 

If you think you have done justice to each copy up to 
the present time, try your hand on the capital letters. 
Your plan for practice on each should be to take them up 
one at a time. The capital letter A, for example, should 
be analyzed first by the method previously suggested. 
Have at least ten letters to a line, write on every line, 
fill every page, and write at least sis pages. 

After you have followed the instructions thus far, try 
your hand joining them together as shown in the Isist 
part of the line. This will give you excellent practice in 
developing grace, dash and movement. 

The other letters should be practiced in the same man- 
ner. Remember to stay with one thing at a time and 
learn to do it well. Shade heavily and criticise often. 

A good plan would be to place a piece of tissue paper 
over the copy, trace the foim of letter with a lead pencil, 
place it over the letters you have made, and see where it 
should be changed. Notice in particular where the 
shades begin and end. This will lead you to see your 
errors and to impress upon your mind the correct form 
of the letters. 

riate Numhcr Eleven. 

The purpose of this plate is to give a few copies in a 
very brief form, to aid you in improving your minimum 
letters. Study each letter carefully, make them with a 
rapid but firm muscular movement. If you have trouble 
in gaining freedom, and your work looks stiff, remedy 
that by having long spacing between letters, and by end- 
ing each group with a long curved stroke. Take care to 
have your work uniform in height, slant, and to keep it 
about the same size as copy. Shade a, o, c, m, n and r 
just a little, as in illustration. Work on each group sep- 
arately by having eight letters in a group, five or sis 
groups to a line, and four lines between the ruled lines. 
Write not less than three or four pages of each, using 
the utmost precaution to avoid angular turns. 

It e marks. 

1 am happy to say the response to my call for specimens 
and practice work is far beyond my espectations. Up to 
the present time 1 have heard from coast to coast and 
from nearly every part of the country. Keep coming. 
It's a glow of inspiration to hear from so many interested 
in this art. 1 regret I cannot answer your questions per- 
sonally, but as that is impossible, will do all 1 can for you 
through the columns of The Journal. 

J. M. "W.. Mass : A. M. U., Ky.: H, A. D., N J.: G. I, F., 
Conn.: A. S W.. Cnl.— Your work has the swinff. dash and 
merit that will win success. Your greatest difficulty is with 
the shaded ovals. Take up a systematic method of practice, 
and send me at least four pages of solid practice work each 

D b'l.. Pa.: M. J. C, Pa.: H G. G.,Phil,: F. J. S.. Vt.: Har- 
risou. Mass.: Mabel. Mo.: Frank, Mass.— You are the posses- 
sors of good movement, and have the ability to become 
good penmen, if you persevere and follow the' instructions 
pret'isely as given. These you do not seem to study closely 
enough, and your eflforts are too scattered. Stay with each 
copy until it can be made well. The mastery of any art is 
the mastery of its principles first. Apply yourselves to this 
work properly, and see what you are able to do. 

Casper. HI.: S. L. D., Dayton: C. M. O. B., Buflfalo: J G. R.. 
Minn.: Mabel, Pa.— Your work looks rather stiff : caused by 
luck of coufidence and too slow movement. Use Gillott's 
Principality pens, and first class foolscap paper, and give 
more attention to form, working faithfully on movement 

I ask all to keep yom* work more compart, and of the stems 
^iven in the March number have not less than fifteen to every 
line. Send me several pages of your best work each mouth, 
r forgetting to send a few pages of your heavily shaded 

ng criticism on each 
mswer more in the next issue. How- 
nfied herein wiU please investigate 

To those u: 

this way, i)r 
spent, mateiiiil, \) 

e applicable t 
k specimens, flourishes, cards, 
i I will be glad to favor you i 

Let yoi 

twenty-five cents for time 
practice pages continue to come, and I will insure 

them a hearty welcome. 

The interest in The Journal's good handwriting 
symposium remains unabated. The Joi'RNal be- 
lieves that it is better to use its space to give expres- 
sion to the "views of hundreds of writers and teachers 
than to merely use the same space to allow some one 
or two or three contributors or its Editors to exploit 
their opinions at great length. In the multitude of 
councilors there is wisdom. These are the questions 
that di'ew forth the following answers • 

Business Writing Teachers' Open Court. 



1. (a) What do you consider the essentials of a good hand- 
writing t (Name them in the order of importance.) 

(6) Name, in what you consider the order of importance, 
the essential teaching points to keep in mind to produce a 
good handwriting. (As j)osi(/oh, speed, movement, etc.) 

2. Give your definition of muscular or forearm movement. 
'.i Name and give reasons for the best position of: 

(a) Body. 
(6) Hand and pen. 
4. Name the best movement and give your reasons. 

Penman's Art Journal. 

^Fitler Expla 


1. (al A good handwriting has three essential elements— 
viz., legibility, rapidity and simplicity. 

(b) The essential points to .be kept before the student ii 
teaching writing are : Enthusiasm, confidence, postion^lre 

garding the body, pen and paper and uniformity of slant and 

^'?*Muscular or forearm movement in writing is the ac^on 
in which the motion is proibu-ed by the musrles of the fore- 
arm while resting on the desk just in front ot the elbow. 

3. (at The front position is the best and most natural. The 
body should be erect and slightly in.-Uned forward, with the 
feet flat on the floor and the ar 

I b I The i)en should be held 
nd pass i 

rthimhos from the end 
of "tfi'e forefinger' The wrist must be free from the desk and 
almost flat, with the third and fourth thigers well turned 
under, so that the hand may glide on the nads ot the third 
and fonrtb tingers. . . , r 

4. The best movement for busmess writmg is a free, easy. 
muscular movement. It should be taught from the beem- 
uing. as it gives strength to the musclas, ease of execution, 
c-apabUity of a higher rate of speed, uniformity of work, and, 
last but not least, confidence to the writer. 

1 the desk, 
thnmb and fore- 

r the root of the nail of the second finger. 

nSVhe thumb should be consirlerftbly .nrved The pomt of 
1 should be about c 


Public 5chool Writing Contest. 

Supervisors and special teachers of writing in the 
public scliools of the United States and Canada 
should keep in mind The Journal's public school 
writing contest, which closes May 10th. Chandler 
H. Pierce, supervisor of writing, Evansville, Ind. 
public schools, will be judge, and to him all speci- 
mens should be sent. See page 48 of the March 
number of The Journal for full particulars about 
this contest. 

Small schools have .just as good an opportunity as 
large ones and vre hope that hundreds of supervisors 
mil enter the work of their pupils. 




Poiirlli Aniiiinl Mi^cliiit lo br lirM in St. La 

1 tew of the 

t that will appear 

' The following i 
the pro^rra 

"Art in Its Relation to .Social Well Being." Carroll D. 
Wright. Labor CoramiiMionoi', Washington. D. C. 

Discussion of same. D. K, Augsburg. Salt Lake City. Utah. 
Clara A. Wilson. Davenport. Iowa. 

" Point* to be Considered in Planning a Course in Art In- 
struction for Public .Schools." James Frederick Hopkins, 
Director of Drawing. Boston, Mass. 

" How to Increase the Attractiveness and Educative Power 
of tho Pupils School Environment." Wilham Ordway Part- 
ridge. Boston, Mass. 

"Democratic Art." Oscar Lovell Triggs. Professor of 
Esthetics. Cliicago, 111. 

" Art in Its Relation to Education. ' James L. Hughes. Tor- 
onto. Canada. 

Discussion of same. M]ss N. Cropsey. Assistant* Superin- 
tendent of Schools, Indianapolis. Ind. Mrs. Alice W Cooley 
Assistant Superinendent of Schools, Minneapolis, Minn, 

" Art in Its Relation to Industrial Problems " F B Brow- 
nell, St. Louis. Mo. 

"Drawing as a Means of Expression in Art and as a Means 
of (Jraphic Expression in Other Studies." Lucy Pitch Per- 
kins. Chicago, m. 

" Exact Drawing as an Element in Secondary Education " 
t. A. Woodward. Director of Manual Troining School. St 
Louis, Mo. 

Discussion? Wm. C Skinner. Manual Training, Toledo, Ohio 

April 21, Wednesday, at 8 p. m. Celebration of the one hun- 
dred and fifteenth anniversary of Proebel's birthday. A joint 
meetinK of the International Kindergarten Union and the 
Western Drawing Teachers' Association. 

Dale of Meeting. 
» The fourth annual meeting of the Western Drawing 
Teachers' Asiiociation will be held at St. Louis, in the Audi 
f«niuil of the New High School, Wednesday, Thursday and 
Friday Apnl i\ , a and ai. 1807. This meeting promises to be 
one or tile most important educational conferences of the 

Untlroads and Holeig, 

Fr,.madric6s already rec^eived, we are justified in making 
the announcement that tickets may be purchased on the cer 
tmcate plan, entitling holder to return for one-third fare 
Bonnie Snow, Pi-esident 
HiANcEsE. Ransom. Secretary. 

The Return of the Pendulum—lntermedial 

DNature always resents infriugements of her laws The 
largest measure of success attends all operations per- 
formed m harmony with those laws 

Misfortune and failure will follow, sooner or later 
operations performed in doflance of natural laws 

There is a natural law goveruing the movements of the 
arms, etc. It is unnatural to walk backward It is nn 
natural to write without pivotal action ot the forearm 

i large number of children in the United States are be- 
ing taught to write in an unnatural way. It is a revolt 
against nature aud will not permanently endure Signs 
are already multiplying which prove that the pendulum 
has already started on its backward swing to a normal 
position, and tbat natural methods will resume sway in 
teaching children to write. 

Visit the countiug hoimes, the insurance ofBces and busi- 

wrfr^l^^u ? S T"'"^ "'■'''''■ ""•* ''" P''-- ''O'^t. of the 
writero w 1 be found writing with pivotal action of the 
arm and their writing slanted somewhat, the great ma- 

iharth"o'';u\';f ™ " """^ '^'""•'^'' ™ '""'i SO legi-res. 
fi^r,! , , . ''™'»'°'«'"« -o^ ■" the public schools be 

taught to write as we Bud the great majority ot account- 
ants now writing, or as the very few now write ■' 

becauTi't'T,' ^r"";' 7'"'''" "' '"o 8""' "''J<'"'v 
because it is the natural way to write ; it is done in 
obedience to the natural law or science of dynamics 
Ihe water ot this article has taught thousands ot chil- 

dren to write, his work extending over a period of several 

Believing that a departure from the arbitrary slant of 
o2 degrees will be the ultimate outcome of the agitation 
began a few years ago, he began some months ago teach- 
ing round hand letters without shade. The results have 
been most satisfactory. Copies were written on the black- 
board on intermedial slant, full round turns being given 
to the letters, and short capitals and loops. The matter 
of slant is not mentioned, it regulates itself. 

Pupils sit squarely in front ot the desk with the paper 
edge kept parallel to the front edge ot the desk and write 
intermedial slant naturally. The position of the body aud 

In the business world there is no warfare about the 
slant ot writiiig. Almost to a man. more or less slant is 

Teach round hand, unshaded script with proper posi- 
tion ot body and paper, the slant will regulate itsell at 
from 70 to SO degrees. A large portion ot the superin- 
tendents and teachers will welcome the newest comer in 
the Held ot writing—" Intermedial Penmanship.'' 
Lyman D. Smith, 
Supervisor ot Pen., Hartford, Conn. 

If a man consider the universal frame, the earth and its 
inhabitants will seem to him but an ant-hill, where some 


Among hundreds ot pnpils taught, not one has been 
found writing a vertical style, but between 70 and 75 
degrees slant. 

The only point emphasized is fullness of turns. 

This feature is what brings legibility; this is all tbat is 
necessary to solve the problem ot getting legible writing. 

The writing is done by swinging and not by drasging 
the hand along. Teach children to write with legibility 
the only object and the result is one-sided culture." They 
should be fitted to compete with rapid writers when they 
go out into the world. 

This involves muscular action ot the arm, pivotal move- 
ment from the elbow. They must be taught the correct 
way to write, and not for legibility's sake solely. 

Intermedial penmanship is the rational solution of the 
writing problem in public schools. 

carry grain, some their young, some go empty, and all 
march but upon a little heap ot dust.— Bacon. 

Lessons in Vertical Writing. 


(These lessons begou iu the January. 1897. number of The Jour- 
nal, aud subscriptions may start with that issue If desh'etl.) 
No. 4. 
Planntiifi llrnde Worh. 
In this and the following articles suggestions for carry- 
ing on the work in the dillerent grades will be given iu 
addition to the regular lessons. 

To determine how beginners should be taught ; how 
and when to introduce muscular movement ; what ma- 
terials to use in different grades, are often more difllcult 


-txy ally 



the other part of letter, but in second style we must 
hesitate, if not stop, at lower part. Notice in B the loop 
in middle is in horizontal position, but in R is in oblique 
position. The loop and capital letters look best when 
only two or two and a half times the height of small let- 

Letter Spacing. 

The space between the letters is produced partly by 
the turn at the base line, which joins most of the letters, 
und partly by the slant of upward strokes. Ltist month 
we gave illustration of the mistake that is sometimes 
made by making the space between letters depend en- 
tirely on slant of upward strokes. This month we would 
caution you against going to opposite extreme by making 
the space between the letters depend entirely on width 
ot turn between letters. This would be as bad or worse 
than the first, as will be shown nest month. '" 

than the acquiring of a good handwrting. Skilful pen- 
men sometimes fad when teaching in the public schools 
on account of their inability to plan the work. 

In planning the work for the first or lowest grade, we 
should select a method that will exact of the pupils a 
mmimum amount of nervous energy and, at the same 
time, interest them iu their work, and teach them to 
write. It IS believed that blackboard writing complies 
nearer with the foregoing, and presents advantages over 
pen or pencil writing m teaching a class of beginners. 
The larger mascles of the arm and shoulder will be used, 
while with pen or pencil the finer muscles, which they 
have not been using so much, are brought into action. 
These muscles are not so well developed and consequently 
tire easily. This accounts quite largely for the cramped 
position of hand so common among young children. 
If possible, have chUdren do nearly all their writing on 
blackboard the first half of the year and the major part 
the latter half. 

lu most schools children begin with straight lines, right 
aod left curves or letters. In many places quite a num- 
ber of months elapse before they have had enough letters 
80 words could be given. Where such a course \% pur- 
sued, however, children often learn to write words and 
sentences by imitatmg the teacher's writing. 

The tt'ord Method. 

lu some schools the word method of teaching writing is 
being used and it is this one we wish to present. It 
will be in accord with the best methods of teaching read- 
ing, as we long ago substituted the word for the alpha- 
bet method in that subject. Words mean something to 
the child, but letters and principles do not. In most first 
grades, the pupils are required to write words and sen- 
tences in connection with the reading and the word 
method in writing prepares them for it. Letters m a 
word are somewhat different from isolated ones, and the 
difficulty pnpils have in writing words after the separate 
letters have been learned his often been noticed. 

iHemoru Hrlthty. 

lu giviuer the writing lesson, select some simple word 
from readmg lessou and ask pupils to look while the 
teacher writes it on blackboard. Erase and repeat a 
few times. Have them point to it and trace it in air ; 
pretend to make with finger on desk, and in other ways 
impress the word, as a whole, on the child's mind. After 
this preparation, erase the word and ask pupils to hurry 
to blackl>ourd and write it. We say hurry, or some 
thing to that effect, to counteract fear or hesitancy that 
would prevent them from transferring to the board the 
image we tried to impress on their minds. As the first 
attempt is not likely to be successful, repeat the process 
several times. Pupils will soon learn to watch closely 
and get all they can before the word is erased. It will 
sharpen and streugtheu their perceptive powers, and 
therefore will be beneficial to the other work. 

The blackboard should not be ruled iu any way, as it 
would certainly tend to confuse the child if he had to re- 
member that one letter extended to this line and another 
to that one. and so oq. It would prevent freedom, and if 
the child had a cb ar conception of the word he would 
be likely to lose it if he tried to make the lettere fit iu the 
spaces. With the spaced ruling and word on blackboard, 
pupils invariably write a letter or part of one. look at 
ciipy, write a little more, and in this way finally finish the 
word. Teachers who have tried the word method on 
unruled blackboard say that, much to their surprise, 
pupils learn to write a good plain hand and to write 
straight withi>ut practicing or knowing the separate let- 

Penctt and l*aper Xext. 

After from three to five months of the above kind of 
work, pencil and paper mav be gradually introduced. 
Use soft pencil and uuglazed paper— light brown paper 
does very well. Paper should be ruled with single lines, 
or base line and head line. The latter half of the year 
tbe capitals should be studied separately, and also writ- 
ten in words and sentences. After paper has been intro- 
duced, the blackboard writing should be continued. It is 

a good plan when taking up new work to have the first 
lesson on blackboard. 

Toward the latter part of the firet year children are 
better prepared than at first to take up more of the de- 
tails ; hence the base line is introduced. A more criti- 
cal study of the forms may be made, but it is not thought 
best or necessary to practice all of the small letters sepa- 
rately, as they are not so used. In writing a word, if 
one letter is poorer thau the others, practice it alone. 
T/iis Month*)* Lesson. 

In the lesson this month the capitals W and F belong to 
the group given last month. Avoid making these letters 
too wide at the top and too narrow at the bottom. They 
are the same width a short distance from the top as they 
are the same distance from t tie bottom. Two different 
styles of the other capitals are given. In the first style 
the turn at lower part can be made with same speed as 


(These lessona began In the January. 1897. number ot The Jour- 
NAi* and subacrlptloas may start with that number if desired.) 
Number 4. 
Draiving in Intermediate fi-rades. 
In the last Journal we discussed the sphere, cube and 
cylinder. These three solids afford ample material for a 
year's work. Following their study as wholes, each may 
be divided into two equal parts and studied as half 
sphere, half cube and half cylinder. While the drawing 
of these divided type forms involves no new principle, 
they combine in one picture kinds of lines which were 

v- '.^^.^ 


W^~ \yenjruuid CL^(i/>CL^fcuuU3 

In finishing the drawing the surface of the object repre- 
sented should determine the character of lines. Rough 
surfaces, such as the bark of an oak tree, should be repre- 
sented with rough, strong, irregular lines^ smooth sur- 
faces with smooth ev^en lines and drawings of light, airy 
substances such as laces, clouds and feathers should be 
represented by lines corresponding in character to the 
objects represented. 


before separated. To illastrate, the flat surface of a halt 
sphere corresponds to the end of a cylinder, and the flat 
surface of a half cylinder resembles one face of a cube. 
As a great many manufactured articles are based upon 
these divided solids they give an excellent opportunity 
for practice in the fundamental principles of drawing. 
In upper part of Plate 1 are suggested a few outlines of 
such objects. The observing teacher will find many 
others about the home which will make excellent sub- 
jects for drawmg. 

MmliflrallimK of Hit: Sphite. 

Thase are the most pleasing of all solids to both the 
sight and touch, and by combining the curves found in 
their outlines the most beautiful figures in decoration 
are produced. The lirst of these solids to be studied 
should be the ellipsoid. Its relation to the sphere can be 
very effectually shown l)y makmg in clay a sphere about 
2 inches in diameter, placing it in the palm of the hand 
and squeezing it gently with the fingers until you feel 
the clay move under the pressure. By turning it slightly 
forward or backward between squeezes you will soon have 
changed the sphere to an ellipsoid. The relation of the 
two forms can be shown on the blackboard by drawing 
the outline of the sphere and flattening opposite sides by 
drawing the lines of less curvature inside the circle, as 
shown In Fig I, Plate 2. The ovoid, another modiflca- 
ti'in, can be made by squeezing the clay sphere above the 
center with the thumb and flrst two Hnger.s, only turn- 
ing the solid occasionally in the palm of the hand. On 
the board it may be represented by drawing the circle 
and adding to one side only, as shown in Fig. 2, Plate 2. 

Under these two solids ore grouped a large percentage 
of fruits and vegetable forms, which should be studied 
from the objei;t whenever possible. China, silver and 
glassware are frequently based on these solids, and when 
children are taught to recognize these forms in the vari- 
ous objects the matter of drawing them becomes com- 
paratively easy. A few such objects are suggested on 
accompanying plate. 

riie (U.K.. 

This solid is a modification of the cylinder It is sim- 
ply a cylinder whittled down to a point. The flat base 
corresponding as it does with the end of a cylinder, should 
be drawn in the same manner. In drawing objects shaped 
like the frustum of a coue, the complete outline of the 
cone may be drawn and such a pare of the larger end 
may be cut off as is necessary to correctly represent the 
form, or the object may be treated as a cylinder, care 
being taken not to get the lines connecting opposite ends 
too slanting. The tendency of children in drawing is 
either to ignore or exaggerate. A slight change in direc- 
tion of outline may be entirely overlooked, but it ob- 
served, the chances are that the variations will be too 
great. This may account for the excellent caricatures a 
class of children will make when they attempt in all 
seriousness to do full justice to the features of their 

f .t"' 1,1°" '''"' P"'" "" 1 ^""^ done for a class of 
fourth or fifth year children who have had previous train- 
ing in drawing and will examine the results of their 
efforts, laying aside all feelings of self congratulation on 
your personal appearance yon will note the marked resem- 
blance of the pupil's work to that which appears in the 
humorous illustrated papers. 

Arran„e„u„t „/ l>ym,ln,,s m, l-„,j„. 

Drawings should be arranged on a page in a pleasini; 
manner. This matter should in primary and interme 
diate grades be in the hands of the teacher. On a page 

In^nle^clH™"'^''"''";'"'''' "'"''■'''"'' ='™"'''- '" "^« l^a" 
appe could be placed by dividing the page through the 
con e with a vertical and a horizontal hne and plcing 

TaUflr """',"'" ""'«'• °f •''«^'' f™'-""'f ">e page 

Tall figures such as vases, should occupy a halt page and 

groups of objects should fill the greatei- portion of a page 

Kinils of lAne:,. 

veTv'li^-hTniir'"'^' ?''^'''' should first be sketched in 
ofmuw ^'"f • >" o^l-^r that any necessary correction 
of outline can be made ^^ithout destroying the surface of 

hel,l It least 3 mches from the point. If this rule is 
Btrictly adhered to but httle trouble will be experTenced 
m regard to heavy lines. The bov who gets the hard 

th::eorfou"Vl? "" "^'^^ '^"^ embossedfo piesofron 
three or four following pages is the one who gef* a death 
gnp on his pencil about a ^ inch from the pomt 

rT\ ((^\ ^YINJ J^<-t'cefull, round turns and your xoriiing- mill 

VJ \lAy V_y he plain as print. Keep the pa^e on which 

a-keon, ofhroad t,..r>. you are writing- ezaotly in front of you and 

the slant will be like that sho' - ■ - 

What Leading Illinois Educators Think of 
Vertical Writing. 

At this time when city and county superintendents 
and teachers generally are consideriug whether vertical 
or s/«»/i/,f/ should be taught in their schools, the follow- 
ing summary of opinions may be of general interest. 

To assist in determining whether or not Vertical Writ- 
ing should be put into the Illinois State Course of Study, 
Elmer W. Carins prepared some questions which Super- 
intendent Inglis printed and sent to a number of city and 
county superintendents and other educators of the State, 
asking their opinions. The questions submitted in the 
communication and the summary of answers received 
are as follows : 

1. Should the State Course of Study provide for 
Vertical Writing or Slanting, or both f 

For Vei-ticnl 51 

For Slanting '.'.'.'.'.'. 8 

For both ' " 39 

For but one— not stating? which...','...'.". '.. ". 4 

"It should simply pnm'de for uifitinff'' 1 

Immaterial which" '\ 

" Wouldn't have any State Course "." '.WW. \ 

Not votinjf oil this question 10—115 

2. Compare the advantages of Vertical Writing over 
the Slanting as claimed by its advocates. 

(a) Isit more legible y 

Yes i„n 

No 7 

Not votintr ■'■■......... W..'... 8—115 

(6) Does it lake less space? 

Yes HI 

No 24 

Paperischeap e 

Tafiesmore... ..;... .::..;;.;:: | 

Not voting: 3-^115 

(c) Can it be more rapidly written? 

Yes 39 

With equal rapidity jt 

Not so rapidly '.....:'.'.['.'. 48 

Diiubtf ul 14 

Not voting .'.■,".■.■;.■.■;;.';.■..".'.'. w-ns 

(d) Sas it hygienic advantages? 
Ves 74 

No ; ^? 

It has disadvantages 1 

Not voting ■ ■_; i9_i 15 

(e) Is it more simple? 

Yes ofi 

No . II 

Not votlna !...!...!.' 8—11.) 

(/) Is the position for writing it more natural? 

Yes 78 

No 22 

Not voting .'.".','.'.'■ 17—115 

{'./) Is the standard, vertical, more easily explained, 
understood, and followed than main slant SS''? 
Yes p- 

Not voting ".'.'.".'.'.*" Iti— 115 

3. What per cent, of your teachers teach Vertical 
Writing and how do they mceeed? 
Of the 93 who answered this question, 

42 say 100 per cent. 
U say from 50 to 100 per cent. 
35 say from 5 to 50 per cent. 
10 say none. 

As to how they succeed : Ot the SS whose teachers 
teach it, 

58 report "good success." 
7 of these specify *' better than with slant." 

5 say "fairly well." 

6 say " just beginning." 

1 " As in other subjects, from miserably to splendidly." 
1 " Some well, some ill." 

i "Have a few fine writers who stick to the old way."' 
16 gave no information on this point. 

Significant information on the subject, resting on the 
reports of the city superintendents, is that in the follow- 
ing cities of the State, Vertical Writing is taught by nil 
of the teachers in the grades below the high school : Chi- 
cago, Joliet, Kankakee, Bloomington, Decatur, Spring- 
flikl, Quincy, Galesburg, Moline. Rockford, Streator. East 
St. Louis, Paris. Centralia, Cairo. It should not be in- 
ferred from this that these are the only cities of the 
State in which it is taught. There are doubtless hun- 
dreds of others. These are mentioned on account of their 
size and because we have authentic information concern- 
ing them. 

In addition to the questions on Vertical Writing, opin- 
ions were asked for on other fundamental questions in 

4. Considering these facts : 

(1) That muscular movement is the foundation of 
the best work in writing. 

(2) That only a minority ot teachers can use it, and a 

less number can teach it successfully, should this 
tnovement be made the basis of the work- in the 
course of study ? 

Jn favor of muscular movement 74 

In favor of finger :iu 

Not voting , 11-115 

On this, one of the most important questions considered, 
the vote is greatly in favor of muscular movement — a 
plurality of 44. Some, however, greatly underestimate 
the amount of work necessary to qualify to teach it suc- 
cessfully. One says : " Teachers can learn it at county 
institutes." Another : " A teacher can teach it without 
being able to use it herself." 

From the positive statements on a few of the reports it 
is evident that this movement is violently opposed by 

" Not one business man, in 500 uses muscular move- 
ment. It is for experts only. Knock it, or attempts at 
it, out." 

'• Good theory, but doesn't work out." 

" I do not thmk it wise to pay much attention to mus- 
cular movement in the public schools. Not nearly all 
those who write for a living use it. Probably not 10 per 
cent, of our pupils will ever be business penmen. The 
90 per cent, will write an occasional letter. They will 
not use the muscular movement, even if taucht in school. 
Get as much freedom in conuection wir,h good form as 
you can and give the main thought to legibility."— A'tAooi 
News and Practiatl Edmator. 

The First Metallic Pens. 

In 1750 Arnous, a French mechanic, made metallic 
pens ; an American jeweler made a steel pen for himself 
about 1808. James Perry, an Englishman, obtained a 
pitent fm* steel pens in 1830, and he is probably the in- 
ventor of the modern steel pen. The quill pen began to 
disappear soon atterward. Patents were Issued to Joseph 
Gillott in 18:^1 ; to Sir Josiah Mason and John Mitchell 
soon afterward. 

(practice taezcfi 

Wheory ofhroad turns 
Sec couer. 


I ^ ~ 1 ^~^^ ^ — -^ V^ U^K^ on 4th fi 


^.. .^^.^pa,p&r 

. _ -nt pad before 

■writing the capitals in the 
hook. Counts are shown 
4th paye of c 









School and personal 

— Araoug recent visitors at The Journal office ^^r^ : 
S. D. Gutchess. Port ByroD. N, Y.; LauKdon S. Thomp- 
son, Director of Drawiug, Jersey City. N. J.; E, M. Bar- 
ber, Pttckard'B B. C, Mew York; J. M. Reaser, Dover, 
N. J., B. C; Rev. E. S. Phelpp, prin., PJainfield, N. J. 
B.C.; Benj. F. Kelly, New York; E. H. Morse, Hart- 
ford, Conn., B. C: M. H. Fox, Brooklyn. N. Y.; F. H. 
Ruscoe, Coll. of Conn., N. Y.; C. B. fiall, Spencerian B. 
C. YoDkers, N. Y.; R. M. Wade. Plaintield, N. J., B. C; 
J. G. Levin, Waterbury. Conn.; R. A. Kells, N. Y., B. 
C; Miss Miilspaugb, New York: L. C. McCanu. Mahanoy. 
Pa.; MisB Anna Htutt. Davenport, la.; O. M. Powers, 
Metropolitan B. C, Chicago; J. L. Howard, Supervisor of 
Writing, Maiden, Mas&. 

— Among the new schools are the following : Bliss B. 

C, Biddelord, Me.. Bliss & Bliss. Props. Mauch 

Chunk, Pa., B. C, J. W. Quinlan, Prin. and teacher of 
shorthand ; W. G. Magee, teacher of penmanship and 

(.ommercial branches. Standard C. C, Utb tfc Olive Sts , 

St. Louis, Mo. Nevada. Mo., C C; T. A. Brooks, 

Pres. Connellsville, Pa., B. C, Geo. N. Butcher, Mgr.; 

A. T. Anderson, Prin. St. Paul Normal and Industrial 

Sch., Lawrenceville, Va., Rev. Jas. S. Russell, Prin.; 

Miss Alice M. Howard, teacher of pen. Bacheldor's B. 

C, 006 Capitol St,, Richmond. Va., Rev. J. M. Bacheldor, 
A.M., Propr. and Prin. Com'l Coll. of St. Aim^, Que- 
bec, Can., Bro. Anastase, C. S. C, teacher of pen. 

Woonsocket, R. 1.. B. U.. Wilson & Williams, Props.; C. 

E Williams. Prin.; C. W. Jones, penman. School of 

Short, and Typewriting, 308 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. 

Y.. W. P. Charles, Prin. Hudson River Inst., Cl^ver- 

ack, N. Y., Jno. M. Edwards, teacher of pen. Ecole 

St. Joseph, 322 Richmond St., Montreal, Can., F. Mathias, 

— The Clark B C, Chester, Pa., has changed hands, 
and is now owned by G. E. Fowler and R. E. Moyer. 

The name has been changed to Chester C. C. M. S. 

King and M. M. Lmk have purchased the Shamokio. Pa., 

B. C., and will conduct the institution hereafter. Messrs. 
King & Link are experienced and competent business col- 
lege men, and will doubtless give Shamokin a good school. 

N. J. Harris has purchased the business colleges at 

Jackson and Meridian, Miss., and now has a monopoly of 
business schools in that State. The institutions are known 
as Harris B. C. H. D. Vories. ex-State Supt., has pur- 
chased the Spencerian B. C, Indianapolis, Ind. E. E. 

Admire remains in connection with the school. St. 

Joseph's Orphan Asylum. 3d St., Erie, Pa., is making a 
specialty of penmanship this year. 

— In the Birmingham, Ala., Heraid of a late date, we 
fiod an interesting interview with A. W. Orton, Hec'y 
and Prin. of the shorthand dept. of Massy's B. C. of that 
city. Mr. Orton reports a large enrollment and a suc- 
Cf'ssful year. 

— We are in receipt of a very neatly printed invitation 
tn the graduating exercises of the commercial class of the 
Shenandoah, la., Com'l Inst., the com'l dept. of tbe West- 
ern Nor. Coll. W. 6. Bishop is prin. of the com'l dept., 
aud he graduated a large class this year. 

— Ou' March Ti a tornado which passed over the city of 
Huntington, W. Va., destroyed the big gable ou the south 
end of the Marshall College building and caused a panic 
among the students. Many pupils fainted and had to be 
carried from the building. Fortunately the gable tell 
outward, or the stone and brick might have killed a hun- 
dred persons in the recitation room just beneath. 

— A souvenir of the second aoniversary of Wilson's 
Modern B. C, Seattle, Wash., is quite a tasty little docu- 
meut. The school has grown and prospered and is ex- 
]>eriencing a successful year. 

— In a late letter received trom W. L. Dick, Prin. pen- 
manship dept., Pierceton, Ind., Normal Sch. and super- 
visor of penmanship in public schools, he says : " Some 
few years ago 1 thought The Journal had attained its 
highest degree of perfection— but there seems to be noth- 
iisg under the sun that is impossible in this day and age 
of the world, so I own that 1 was mistaken. Let the good ■ 
work go on." 

— We received invitation to and programme of the an- 
nual exercises of the Lincoln, Neb., B. C. whi?h occurred 
Feb. 20. 3T students were graduated. Messrs. Stephens 
aud Wilson are to be congratulated on the showing made. 

— In a letter accompanving a list of 48 subscriptions to 
The Journal, F.O. Gardiner of the Stockton. Cal , B. C. 
writes as follows : '■ The Journal is in the lead on ali 
matters pertaining to calligraphy. School is coming uji, 
;ind we hope fur prosperity." 

— Jas. T. Martyn is Prin.. L. B. Sanders, teacher of 
penmanship and commercial branches, W. M. Fenner. 
teacher ot commercial branches aud J. J. Martyn. Mis 

— F. W. Bowles, penman ot the iSew International B. 
C. Bay City. Mich., in a letter accompanying a list of SO 
subscriptions to The Journal, writes : " I am very much 
pleased with The Journal, and wish my name to be 
placed ou the permanent list. I consider that it is worth 
many times the price of subscription to any person who 
is interested in penmanship. I take good care of my 
Journals for the year, and have them bound nicely, and 
I have no books that I prize higher than these. 1 hope 
'97 will be the banner year for The Penman's Art Jour- 
nal, and it justly deserves it."' 

— In the CoUege Exponent, published by the Stock- 
ton, Cal.. B. C, we find an excellent article on bus-iness 
penmanship written by F. O. Gardiner, penman of the 
lostitution. Among other things he says : " The penman 
who requires any particular slant of his pupils surely tails 
short of his aim for he thus obviates individuality, which 
is one of the beauties of any hand writing. No two per- 
sons write exactly alike, anil individuality should be en- 
couraged iu the building and crystallizing of a good hand- 

— F. J. Heacock, penman of the Butler, Pa., B. C, 
writes : " Your paper has so many good things in it that 
students and teachers have a treat when each new num- 
ber comes and it furnishes a source of inspiration from 
one month to the next. The Butler B. C. has increased 
in attendance, and is prospering despite the hard times." 

- A. J. Cadmau, prin. of the Owosso, Mich.. B. C, in 
ling a list of subscribers, writes : " We teel financial 
depression more than at any time the past four years. It 
IS difficult to sell anything" at any price. You certainly 
caunot afford to sell your Journal for the price put upon 
it. It is a wonderful production is every respect, and the 
educators should rally round it. It is conducted upon a 
manly and honorable basis. May it long live aud pros- 

— The Journal could fill each issue with commenda- 
tions received from school principals and teachers, but it 
is compelled to forego that pleasure because ot the many 
pressing demands ou its space. We cannot refrain from 
quoting a tew words received in a late letter from Le 
Doit E. Kimball, prin. Lowell, Mass . C. C. He writes : 
" I have taken The Journal for the past twenty years, 
have every number on tile, and would not be without it 
at even four times its subscription price. Every club 
that I have gotten up, I have told my pupils that it they 
were not perfectly satisfied with the paper at the end of 

the fact known to me I 
I have never had an oppor- 

the year, if th^y would 

would refund the mone^ 

tunity to return any money. I think this sneaks volumes 

tor the paper." 

— W. H. Bodenheimer is a native of Giles Co . Tenn , 
and is now in his 3l8t year. He received the usual coun- 
try boy's training, and his first mspiration iu penman- 
ship came from a compendium at tbe age of 13. He fol- 
lowed this up by study- 
ing other compeudiuras. 
At the age of IH he ac- 
cepted a position as 
teacher of penmanship 
in an academy near his 
home. While in that po- 
sition he became a sub- 
scriber to The Journal. 
and says it has been his 
constant companiun ever 
since and his chief source 
of inspiration. After 
teaching two years in 
public schools he took a 
course in the Kentucky 
University and gradua- 
ted with the degree A.B. 
The summer of 'fll he 

took a business course in Smith's C.C. Lexington, Ky. He 
attended the Western Penmen's Association, Louisville 
meeting in Dec. '01. Upon completing bis course in the 
State Univ.. he was elected to the position as principal of 
the Lynnville, Tenn.. schools, where he remained two 
years, "resigning to accept tbe principalship ot the Duluth, 
Ga.. graded schools. Though re-elected at the end of his 
first vear. he resigned to accept his present position as 
principal ot the Norwood, Ga., Inst. While penmanship 
is bis specialty and delight, and while he teaches it with 
all the enthusiasm of his nature, his principal work is in 
other lines, and his chief ambition is to become an all- 
round teacher. He was married in Dec. 22. 1893, to Mif-s 
Mamie White ot Pulaski. Tenn.. who is also a teacher, 
and who is of great assistance to him. 

— The Joiit\Ai. had a very pleasant call lately from 
<). M. Pnu . . ~ I h, jrnial proprietor of the Metropolitan 
Bnsiiu ^- ' J I '. i-o, and the well-known commer- 
cial text !■ I Mr, Powers was on his return 
trip tu Ciin ;i^M ,11, i ;, three months' sojourn in Mexico, 
Central Aiiierioajiuil Cuba. He reports a glorious time 
and carried a tan that gave evidence that the tropical 
sun had a good chance at him. Many years of close ap- 
plicjition to business compelled him to take a rest and 
this trip was the result. He returned to his duties 
greatly invigorated. Mr. Powers' friends in the profes- 
sion are legion and they will be glad to learn of his safe 
return from so enjoyable a trip. 

Jtforemvnts of the Teachcrit. 

Clyde Jones, formerly ot Wood's B C, Girardvillo, Pa 

is now at his home in Enterprise, Mo. H E Bvrne 

formerly of Brunswick, Mo., is now prin. of the com'l 
dept.. Paterson Inst.. Hillsboro, Tex. Miss M E Dun- 
bar is superintendent of the com'l dept., Brooklyn, N 
Y.. \. W C. A.---0. A. Whitmer, late of So. Short, and 
B. U,. Atlanta, Ga.. has been compelled to stop teaching 
because of a severe attack of typhoid fever. He is now 

at his home in La Porte, Ind. W. D. Gilpen formerly 

teacHerof pen. and com'l branches Wesleyan Coll., Salini 

Kans., now is one of the Executive Commitee of the Al- 
liance Co-operative Ins. Co.. Topeka, Kans., and is suc- 
ceeded at the Wesleyan Coll. by L. H. Hausara. W. 

Seyler. Basket, Pa., has been elected prin. of shorthand 

dept.. Chambersburg, Pa., B. C. W. L. Thomas, late of 

theSau Antonio, Tex.. B. C, isnow at hishome iu Salina, 

Kans. Geo. D. Harden is connected with Shaw B. C. 

Portland, Me. E. L. McCain is teaching pen. in Fort 

Wayne. Ind.. B. C. A. M. Hootman, formerly of the 

Metropolitan B. C. Chicago, 111., and well-known old- 
time com'l teacher, is now located iu Union City, Ind. 

T. J. Cathey, has resigned as teacher of pen. in Draug- 

hon's B. C. Texarkana, Tex., and is now itinerating 

J. P. Simon is sec'y and penman ot Superior B. U.. West 

Superior, Wis. W. F. Gray has charge of the pen. 

dept. in the Monmouth, 111., B. C. W. M. Walker is 

teaching pen. in Blackwood. S. C. Sr. M. Cordelia 

teaches pen. in Acad. Mt. St. Vincent on the Hudson, 

New York City. W. J. Wade is prin. of com'l dept., 

aud Miss Jessie M. Weber is prin. of the short, dept. of 

the Lebanon, Pa., B. C. J. W. Titcomb is supervisor 

of pen. in the Hartford. Conn., B. C. He is a late addi- 
tion to the faculty, the other teachers remain as before. 

J. W. Kitching is prin. of Cowart's, Ala., School. 

W. D. Kalbach is teaching pen., and book-keep, in 

Louisville, O. D. M. Knauff for many years com'l 

teacher and penman is now located in Calla, O.— G. E. 
Suyder has resigned his position in Wood's B C, Shenan- 
doih. Pa., and his present address is 42 Elizabeth St. 
Rochoster. N. Y. F. W. O'Malley, late prin. of Will- 
iams' B. C , in Mahoney City and Mt. Carmel, Pa., has re- 
signed, aud is now at his home in Versailles, Ky. D. 

Brower Lougaker is prin. ot the com'l dept., Cheltenham 

Acad., Ogoniz Pa. E. C. Page is teaching pen. in In- 

min, S. C. O. J. Aniess is teaching in the Minn. School 

of Bus. and the Y. M. C. A. Evening School. Minneapolis, 

Minn. E. V. Chase is penman in the Empire B. C, 

Walla Walla, Wash. G. A. Smock is connected with 

the Detroit, Mich., Coll. of Com. M. C. Nickson is 

teaching in the Lancaster, O., B. C. J. T. F. Laughner, 

late of W'hitestown, Ind., has been elected position as 
teacher of music, pen. aud draw, in the Lebanon Nor. 
School. Miss Sampey is the new teacher in Meux's B. 

C, Pensacola, Fla. G. B. Jones, the well-known pen- 
man and teacher, is now located at Fancher, N. Y. F. 

H. Sanborn has charge of the pen. and com'l dept. at 

Oak Grove Sem.. Vassalboro, Me. James B. D'Anuitt, 

Huntington. Ind., Arthur Huyette, Bristol, Ind., are two 

new teachers in the Huntington, Ind., B. U. F. M. 

Davis, formerly of Kenosha, Wis,, now receives his mail 

at Stockton, Minn. Lilly Brown is the teacher of 

shorthand in the Alliance. O., B. C. Miss Dorothy 

Marlow is teacher ot shorthand in the Haverhill. Mass., 

B. C. Miss Leila Pennington is teacher of shorthand 

Iu the Rome, Ga., B. C. A. S. Fries, formerly ot El- 
liott's B. C, Burlington. la., is now teaching in the Shaw 
B. C. North Adams, Mass. Samuel E. Large aud B. 

D. Dobbins are teachers ot shorthand iu the Stewart B. 

C , Trenton, N. J. Miss Alta Hayes is teacher of shoit. 

and Frank Titus teacher ot pen. and com'l branches in the 

Du Bois, Pa., B. 0. A. M. Jones is teacher of pen., and 

com'l and short, branches in the Massey B. C, Birming- 
ham, Ala. Sadie E. Cramer is teacher of short, in the 

Pottstown. Pa., B, C. J. L Boyle is teacher of short., 

D. M Keefer teacher of pen. and com'l branches, Batcher 

B C, Beaver Falls. Pa. W. G. Coover is teacher of pen. 

and short., J. E. McCowley teacher of draw, in Wood's B. 

C.,Carb3ndale. Pa. G. W. Kramer is teacher ot pen.. 

Thomas McHale, teacher of draw., M. E. Chorlesworth 

teacher of com'l branches in the Olyphant, Pa., B. C. 

Miss A. Daisy Cushaw is teacher of short, iu Wolf's B. C. 

Hagerstown, Md. J. T. Davenport and Miss G. Warren 

are teachers of short., L.G Tuttle, A. H. Ross, G. S. Pollock 
aud Miss Gile teachers of com'l branches in Troy, N. Y., 

B. C. Mrs. N. B. Biddleraau teacher of short., and 

Miss Mary L. Farley of com'l dept. in Becker's B. C, 

Worcester. Mass. Mrs. E. H. Legg is teacher of short, 

m English High School, aud Miss Alice H. Richardson 
teacher of short, in Che Evening High School, Worcester, 
Mass. — ^. E. Leary assist, teacher ot pen. and com'l 
branches. K. H. Delehanty teacher of draw., M. E. Hall, 
teacher ot short, iu the K. E. C. L and B. C, Rutland. 

Vt Daniel Kauffmau is prin., and J. Leadbetter 

teacher of pen., com'l aud short, branches in the Nor. 

School and Bus. Inst., Garden City, Mo. A. S. Hull is 

prin , E. K. Pentz teacher of pen. and com'l branches, A. 
Lowman crayou portraiture, B F. Heuuessy short, in the 

Central Nor. Coll., Great Beud, Kans. Miss Elizabeth 

W. Morse is teacher of pen. aud draw., Charles H. Har- 
ris, and Mr. Jenkins com'l branches, Mr. McKinney 
teacher of short, in the Tuskegee. Ala., Nor. and Indus. 

Inst. Miss Packard is teacher of pen., and Miss Upton 

of draw. intheSpelmanUniv., Atlanta. Ga. Miss Rosa 

Bradford is teacher of pen., and Mr. Webster of draw. 

iu the Snow Hill., Ala., School. O. L Wakefield is 

teacher of pen.. F. S. Gray, Mr. Davis, Mr. Lyford teach- 
ers of com'l branches in Gray's B. C. Portland. Me. 

Miss Spear is teacher of short in Shaw's B. C, Portland, 

Me. L. Laferriere, prin ; F. X. Jeannot, teacher ot 

draw.; J. Qoget, teacher of com'l branches ; J. Larose, 
teacher of short, in St. Louis Coll., Terre Bonne, Que.. 

Can. A. LevossieuT, prin ; A D. Amour, teacher of 

pen.; N. L"ivoie, teacher of draw.; D. Courchene, teacher 
ot com'l branches aud N. Laperle. teacher of short, in the 

St. Joseph Coll., Berthierville. Can. J. B. Manseau, 

prin.; J. A. Ray. teacher of pen. and com'l bnmches ; B. 
Gareau, teacher of draw.; N. Mailhot, teacher of short. 

iu the St. Remi Coll., St. Remi. Can. C. E. Towne, 

late of Troy. N. Y.. B. C, is now at his home in Kenne- 
bunkport, Me. 

On Dec. 3()th. isi)6. Miss Annie Keating. Afton, la., was 
man-ied to C. F. Buetel, Prin. Massy's B C, Montgomery, 
Ala , at the home of the bride's parents iu Afton. The 
At ton Star gave a column account of the wedding, and 
from it we learn that ;Mrs. Beutel was a graduate of the 


Af ton N<>rmal Collepe and also a graduate of the depart- 
ment of elocution, State University. Ann Arbor, Micb. 
That Mrs Bentel left Afton with the love andgood wishes 
of its citizens is evident by the very laudatory character 
of the article in the Star. Mr. Beutel is a good penman 
and a strong all-round teacher. 



MBS. A. C. 

Mrs. Alice C. Gondring, wife of A. C. Gondring, asso- 
ciate principal and proprietor of the Chicago Bus. Coll., 
died in Chicago on Feb. 12, 1897. Mrs. Gondring. whose 
maiden name was Alice M. Castleraan, was born near 
Valparaiso. Ind., Apr. 16, 1864. From childhood she 
manifested a keen mterest in educational pursuits, to 
which she devoted nearly her entire life. She was mar- 
ried to Mr. Gondring on Jan. 8, 1887, and even after her 
marriage persisted in acting in the capacity ot instructor, 
occupying a position in her hushand's business college. 
After a few years she was compelled to give iip this 
work. As a daughter, sister and wife she was kind, lov- 
ing and tender ; forgetful of self, thoughtful of others. 

MR.S. C. H. HOWE. 

On Mar. Cth, in Chicago, Mrs. C. H. Howe, mother of 
C. V. Howe, the well known engrossing penman, died 
after a lingering illness. Mrs. Howe was an old and 
prominent resident of La Grange, Mo., and a foremost 
leader in all good works. For many years she was a 
newspaper writer of unusual ability. Her husband, 
Capt. C. H. Howe, was sorely afflicted, being confined to 
his bed undergoing treatment for a complication of 
physical disorders, and was unable to attend the funeral 
of nia wife. 

JVpm' Cafa^ogneH, Schoot •Tournnl«, rtc 

— A pamphlet entitled " Grove City and Grove City 
College " has been received from Qeo. A. Swayze, prin. of 
pen. and cora'l depts . Grove City, Pa , Coll. It is au ex- 
cellent piece of advertising both for the city and for the 
college, and no doubt it will do much to help in building 
up both. It is well gotten up, handsomely printed and 
nicely illustrated. 

— A unique publication is the Indicator, issued by the 
students of the Little Rock, Ark., Cora'l Coll. It is gotten 
out upon an Edison Automatic Mimeograph, and all the 
work except the heading, which is in script, was done by 
the students of the college. The body of the paper is in 
type and was printed from a mimeograph. President 
Stone thinks this is the only paper in America printed in 
this manner. 

— A very neat little booklet is that issued by the Leb- 
anon B. C, and entitled " A Guide to Success." 

— A well printed catalogue is issued by the Pottstown, 
Pa., B. C. 

— Other advertising matter has been received from 
Capitol City, B C, Salt Lake City, Utah, ShamokinB. C, 
Shamokin, Pa., Anderson, Ind., iN'ormal Univ. 

— Well printed college journals have been received 
from the following schools: Vinceunes, Ind,, Univ.; 
Indianapolis, Ind., B.C.; Heald's B. C , Sao Francisco. 
Cal. ; Chestnutwood's B. C, Santa Cruz, Cal. ; Smith's 
Actual Bus. & Short. Coll., Snell's B. C, Truro, N. S ; 
Coll. of Com., Scranton, Pa.; Fort Wayne, Ind , B. C; 
Spencerian B. C, Cleveland, O.: Kichmond Com'l Coll.. 
Richmond, Va. ; Sullivan & Crichton's B. C, Atlanta, Ga. 

Fraternal Notes. 

(Public School DepnrlmeDt.) 

— The True Citizen. Waynesboro. Ga., has a very com- 
plimentary notice ot a writing class conducted by W. L. 
Smith of Olive Branch, N". C. A gold medal was awaried 
to Emmett Koon. S. L. Osborne of Augusta, Ga., graded 
the specimens and made the award. 

— J. L, Montgomery. Portsmouth, N". H., is very much 
interested in good writing in public schools. He says of 
The JoiiBNAT. : " It is the best paper 1 have any kuowl- 
ledge of on this subject and i read several." 

— L B. Lawson is now at Telluride, Col., where he has 
a three months' engagement as supervisor ot writing in 
public schools. 

— Miss Pearl Clark of Snyder, Tex., is interested in 
good writing. 

— Chas, A. Aitkens is prin. of the Com. Dept., High 
School, New Orleans, La. 

— W. P. Cameron, prin. of the Saratoga, N. C. Public 
school, is interested in good writing. 

— Mrs. Josie Myers has resigned her position in the 
public school of Gobleville, Mich. 

— Miss Stella Hubbell is no longer connected with the 
Steele, N. D., school. 

— W. A. Philo is supt. of penmanship in the Gamer, 
la., public schools. 

— W. A. Kelly is no longer connected with the public 
schools of Parsons, Pa. 

— Mies Franke E. Goss. formerly a special teacher of 
writing in Oneouta, N. Y., public school, has been suc- 
ceeded by Miss Morrissev. Miss Goss is now located at 
West Granville, N. Y. 

— C. B. Walker, who has charge of the 5th and 6th 
grades in the Jonesboro. Tenn., public school, is inter- 
ested in good writing. 

— The many friends of Chandler H. Pierce, supervisor 
of penmanship of the Evausvilie, lud.. public schools, 
will regret to learn of the painful accident which oc- 
curred to him on March 4. While riding a bicycle, he 
was thrown to the brick pavement with such force as to 
dislocate his right shoulder. 

— Miss Lulu McCoy, popular teacher of drawing and 
elocution in the Sam Houston Nor. Inst., fluntsville 
Tex., has been seriously ill for several mouths with slovv 
fever, and is now just able lo resume work. Her asso- 
ciates, pupils and friends are wishing for her return to 
normal health. 

— O. C. Moyer is teacher of penmanship and com'l 
Oranches m the public schools of Chester, Pa, 

— Miss Bedlow is teacher of drawing in the Portland, 
Me., public schools. 

— Miss Mollie McJilton is teacher of drawing, and H. 
Fowler is prin. and teacher of penmanship and com'l 
branches in the Gruham, Tex., public school. 

— W. H. Stewart is supt., H. E. Samson, teacher of 
penmanship and drawing, and Thos. Mitchell, teacher of 
com'l branches in the Martin's Ferry, O., public schools. 

— Misa Anna Kelly is teacher ot penmanship, Miss 
Gracia Bolton, teacher of drawing and Miss E. M. Bissell, 
teacher of com'l branches in the Stillwater, Minn., High 

— E. D. Snow is teacher of penmanship and com'l 
branches. Miss Lizzie Luudou, teacher of drawing, and 
Miss Butler, teacher of shorthand in the Rutland. Vt., 
High School. 

— J. S. Osborne is teacher of penmanship, drawing, 
com'l branches and shorthand in the Siskiyou Co. High 
S.-hool. Eureka, Cul. 

— W. D. Conklin is teacher of penmanship, drawing, 
cora'l branches and shorthand in the Ottawa, Out., Coll. 

— E. J. Corkill is teacher of penmanship, drawing, 
com'l branches and shorthand in the Sariua, Ont., Coll. 

— A. Wark is prin. and teacher of penmanship, draw- 
ing, com'l branches and shorthand in Sarina, Ont., Model 

— J. Henderson is prin.. and F. A. Walker is teacher 
of penmanship, drawing, com'l branches and shorthand 
in the St. Catharine's, Out., Coll. Inst. 

— Prof. R. Miller is prin. and teacher of penmanship of 
the Campbellsville, Ky., High School. 

— V. M. Goudy is prin.. and Mrs. W. T. Underwood, 
teacher of penmanship and H. U. Rice teacher of com'l 
branches in the Campbellsville, Ky., public schools. 

— Cortez Fessenden is prin,, and J. E. Kavanaugh, 
teacher of penmanship, coraU branches and shorthand 
and M. O'Brien, teacher of drawing in the Peterboro, 
Ont., Coll. Inst. 

— Chas. B, Shaw is teacher of penmanship and short- 
hand, and Miss Harnetce E. Sparks, teacher of drawing 
in the Penn Yan, N. Y., schools. 

— J. M. Cole is teacher of penmanship, drawing and 
com'l branches in the Aylmer, Ont., Coll. Inst. 

— C. T. Burdick is prin. and teacher of penmanship, 
drawing and com'l branches in the Aylmer, Ont., public 

— H, H. Kellogg, one time pres. of the Afton, la.. Nor- 
mal School, is now located in El Reno. Okla., where he 
is supt. of schools for Canadian County. He is a fine pen- 
man, and is doing good work in this line in the schools. 

— S, S. Pardy, supervisor of writing. East Sagmaw, 
Mich., writes : " I have always had great interest in The 
J OURN AL from the time 1 sent my first subscription neat ly 
nine years ago, and have been a regular subscriber ever 
MDce. I believe it has accomplished a great purpose in 
this country, and I have a desire to see it continue to hold 
first place." 

— In the Alliance, Ohio, Leader, we notice the first of 
a series or lessons in drawing to be given in that publica- 
tion by L. L. Weaver, supervisor of writing and drawing 
in the Alliance public schools. The local papers could 
be used to good advantage by special teachers all over 
America in working up sentiment for employment of 
special teachers in towns that have none. It Journal 
readers would take up the matter and prepare a series of 
articles, figuring out the cost and contrasting it with the 
benefits that, accrue to the town from the employment of 
special teachers ot penmanship, drawing, commercial and 
shorthand branches, it would not be long before all 
towns of any importance would be paying good salaries 
to teachers of the branches mentioned. 

— Miss M. Ella Brown, supervisor of writing in public 
schools m Ilion, N. Y., writes : " Though I admire slant 
writing more, 1 am forced to believe that in Ilion we 
get better results in vertical than we did in the other. 
It is more awkward to do, but plainer and therefore 
easier, perhaps, to execute. Thank you for the tribute 
paid to Eddie Staple's writing It made him very happy 
to see his name in print. He is a little hunch-back boy, 
skillful in drawing as well as writing." 

~ W. D. Chamberlain, supervisor of writing in the 
Ionia, Mich., public schools, writes The Journal that he 
is pushing the writing this year, and is meeting with suc- 
cess. He says : " Your artist did himself credit on the 
cover design of the January Journal. It is one ot the 
neatest 1 have seen. You may be sure 1 appreciate the 
many excellent features of The Journal. We hope to 
be with you in the public school writing contest, and you 
are welcome to judge us by modern business college 
standards, but we cannot furnish rapid muscular move- 
ment writing in the first grade, even if some of our friends 
think we ought." 

A ^horthand Teacher Believes in State 

No. 10(5 and HiK East Zian Street. I 
New York City. Feb. 26th. IS97. f 
The Editor op the Penman's Art Journal. 
No. '^Oii Broadway, City. 
Dear Sir: I have been very much interested in reading 
theeditoriHl comments and correspondence on the above 
siibject in your Keliruary issue, and am glad to learn that 
some steps have at lenjjth been taken to put a atop to cer- 
tain anomalies iQ the so-called " Business Colleges " of this 

Personally I never did. and cannot see. by what right or 
title, or ou what grounds, institutions teaching such com- 
mon every-duy suVijecta as .spelling, punctuation, arithmetic, 

okkeepiny. sliortuandand typewriting digoity themselves 

dead or obsolete languages, mathematics, and sciences, and 
further are empowered with the privileges of conferring 
degrees. To style an institution, or school, that teaches 
virtually what should have l^een taught at the elementary 
schools, a "college" oi '" university " is arraut nonsense. 
They are no mure entitled to such designation than the pri- 
mary schools of this country. The proper name for such 
institutions is " Business," " Trade or Technical " Schools. 

One cannot reasonably see how the insistence upon an 
equipment of J5.iXNtand the employment of 6 teachers can 
possibly have the effect ot raising the status ot any school. 
A smaller school with one teacher and a proportionately 
smaller number of pupils could produce equally as good 
results, aud possibly in many cases better. The possession 
of such an equipment is a very weak argument to substan- 
tiate the right ot a school to the title of " college " or " uni- 
versity." The appellation should be applied only to such in- 
stitutions as teach the higher branches of study, and have 
the right by law to confer degrees, which have some value 

The subjects that Business Schools teach at present are 
purely una simply elemRUtary ; in fact, they are a continu- 
ance of the Public School curriculum. I go further and say 
that if the Public School teachers ot this country were lo do 
iheir duty by their pupils and t^ach thom spelling and 
punctuation more thoroughly than they do, one-half the 
Business Schools in this country would have to close their 
doors for want of support. Owing to the inefficiency ot this 
elementary training, the American youth and maiden spell 
abominably and punctuate horribly. The tault lies in the 
elementary trainmg which absolutely necessitates attend- 
ance at these so-called " colleges." 

With regard to the stipulated staff of teachers, how very 
readily this regulation could be evaded is most palpable. 
iSven how how often do we see the staff ot a so-called " col- 
lege." embellished with the ndme of a man styled " profes- 
sor " whose sole doty lies in addressing envelopes, hunting 
for rooms for pupils, or acting as general utility man. 

Others are on tne list whose attendance at the schools are 
as rare almost as the visits of the "Dodo." While on this 
subject, 1 would like to say. I think the seven gentlemen might 
nave embodied in their lesolutions a clause forbidding the 
title of " Prolessor." Because a man knows a little Er-glish : 
has a fairly good knowledge of the rudiments of Viookkeep- 
pen; or wield a pencil iu rapid short- 

3 much entitled to 

1 this country. The latter a 

1 evokes invariably not only 
u broad smile, but is very otten the means of the candidate 
not securing the coveted position. Such diplomas are not 
worth the paper they are written upon, and the only pur- 
poses tuey serve are to swell the pockets of the "College" 
principal and to " gull " the untortunate pupil. 

Wtiat the Regents .should do is to hold examinations at 
stated periods, at convenient places— the same as the Oxford 
and Cambridge local examinations are held. Any candidates 
from any school desiring to submit themselves tor examioa- 
tions should be permitted to attend for that purpose. The 
e-taminatious should be conducted by qualified independent 
gentlemen having no connection witn any school in the 
State, and then the pupil from one school would stand as 
fair a chance ot obtaining a diploma or degree as any other. 
The degree or diploma thus obtained conferred by the 
Kegents themselves might possess some value in the busi- 

tarned loose upon a long-suffering public, and toe status of 
many of the so-called ■Business Colleges" wil' ' " 

they are at present, the laughing stock of the bus 

^, . less than schools, and that. too. 

hether thev have or a less number of teachers, or possess 
iTt.iMK), or SlO.ijIKl worth of school equipment. 

" Colleges" or " Universities" according to the definition 
in the dictionary, and as 1 understand the terms, are really 
institutions tor teaching the higher branches of study,— 

How the Hon. Tarns Blxby Writes. 

Our esteemed contemporary the St, Paul Dispatch, is 
either trying to be jocose with the Hon. Tarns Bixbv of 
Minnesota or it is innocently raising what may be false 
hopes in his experienced bosom. Mr. Bisby is a Gopher 
Republican ot great name and service, and doubtless 
worthy to aspire to aud receive high ofBce, but it may be 
considering too curiously to consider that he will be ap- 
pointed Treasurer of the United States because he writes 
a hand incapable ot imitation and " his selection as Na- 
tional Treasurer will put au end to the lucrative business 
of counterfeiting." It may be that, as the Hon. Tams 
Bixby's admirer says, this statesman's signature " is as 
hard to make as a constitutional law against trusts, as 
hard to decipher as a Pioneer Press editorial, as impos- 
sible of imitation as a Populist declaration of principles.'* 
It may be that this strange writing turned '* upside down, 
crosswise, or slantendicular is the same inexplicable puz- 
zle." Evidently Mr. Bixby is a symmetrical and original, 
though, perhaps, too obscure writer, if the specimen of 
his signature gi fen by our esteemed contemporary is 
genuine. This signature seems to consist of a transverse 
section of horsehair or wire fence rampant on an inebri- 
ated letter Z or a piece of lightning. And yet it may 
well happen that it will not be Mr. Bixby's fortune to be 
Treasurer of the United States. Our own voice would 
be for sending him to the Department of Agriculture for 
the sake ot having his signature analyzed and classified. 
—N. y. Sun. 

Some Odd Words. 

In the following bit of nonsense the phonographer will 
find some rather peculiar nuts to crack, in the way of 
queer phonographic outlines, and it will furnish the pen- 
man with some words for rapid business writing : 

Three hoity-toity tatooed tinkers, one from Keokuk, an- 
other from Tidioute, and still another from Kinderhook, 
while sitting under a baobab tree, using their blow-pipes, 
and listening to the shrill trill ot a tiny tree-toad were 
violating all dietetic rules by eating an uncooked cucum- 
ber ; and had they not taken ipecacuanha, they might 
have become hypochondriacs. — Munson''s Phonographic 
News and Teacher, 

^aC <tmtm)lm^,f/4i> -^^ 










,^M(ii« ft itif ifti iljat 



Examples of School Diplomas, Certificates, Testimonials, Etc., made in the office of THE JOURNAL. The Diplomas, Etc, from which 
these Cuts are Reproduced vary in size from 8x10 to l8 x 23. Designs must not be imitated. 



No. 4- 
There is much that is quaint and interesting in Heidel- 
berg. The old castle on the hill is the great thing to pee. 
We enjoyed wandering through those ruins, inspecting 
the different rooms and trying to imagine the scenes oE 
revelry that took place there in the early days. The im- 
mense cask, called the Great Tun, that holds 300,UOO bot- 
tles of beer, was an object of great interest. There 
would seem to be no danger of running out of beer if you 
had a house full of guests to entertain. 

Of course, the great university was visited. The prison 
where the unruly students are kept amused us very 
much. It consists of four or five small connecting rooms. 
A miserable bed with straw mattress, a small table and 
chair constitutes the furniture in each room. The walls 
and furniture are defaced in the most dreadful way. The 
students aie allowed to use paint, and they have cer- 
tainly made the best use ot the privilege, for the walls 
(side and ceiling) are covered with pictures of all kinds, 
some very well done. With knives or other sharp instru- 
ments the wood-work has been so cut up with names, 
initials, monograms, etc., that there is hardly a square 
inch of space left. 

The noble youth that disports himself about the city 
with the great ugly scar on his cheek, or perhaps another 
one with many patches of court-plaster covering up the 
record of a recent duel, is a familiar sight in Heidelberg. 
These duels are fought by the students, and are sanc- 
tioned by the Emperor. He thinks that such affairs make 
men brave and better tit them for soldiers. 

It is said that when two students fight, if they are well 

acquainted and like each other (for these duels are not 

always brought about through anger), each will try to 

wound his opponent iu the face where the scar will show 

w. for life, but if the student does not like his 

*^]^^-,7n^, opponent he will strike him on the head 

^iid^w*' where the scar will not show. It is consid- 

W^ ered a great honor to have that scar in full 

Si \\ view on the cheek. 

^mij W"e were treated to a grand illuminatiou 

jg of the Castle the uight before we left. The 

^ sight was very fine, and the old ruin stood 

■■"^ out in bold relief against the brilliant lights. 

From Heidelberg we went to Darmstadt, and from 

there to Mainz, where we had a short but interesting 

stay. The Cathedral, St. Peter's Church and Museum, 

the Guttenberg house so full of interest to a printer, were 

among the things that held our attention. 

The Cathedral, a historic old church, is said to contain 
more monuments than any other church in Europe. The 
cloisters are very old and full of tombstones. We walked 
over tombstones that dated hack to 600. 

The fortifications at Mainz (or Mayence, as it is called 
in English) are very extensive and strong. It is consid- 
ered one of the best fortified cities in Europe. 


From Mainz we took that beautiful sail on the Rhine to 

The castles and ruins on the mountains along the river 
add very much to the picturesqueness of the scene. 
Truly it is a lovely river, and the German has good reason 
to be proud of the Rhine. We passed the celebrated 
Bingeu, Coblentz and other large cities, reaching Cologne 
at 5 p.m. 

We were all agreeably surprised with Cologne, as it had 
always been pictured to us as a dirty city. It is not so, 
but a grand, thriving town, as clean as any large place 
can be. 

The Cathedral is the one thing of importance, and rises 
above everj-thing in grandeur and beauty. It was a treat 
to look at that magnificent pile of masonry. It was with 
much regret that we left Cologne. 


FromCologne we journeyed on to Amsterdam, where we 
had a very delightful stay. The Zoological Garden, said 
to be the finest in the world, was much enjoyed. Amster- 
dam is something like Venice in one respect, and that is 
the many canals and waterways running through the 
city. Many of the houses are built on spiles. 

The ever present windmills attracted our eyes, as did 
also the peasants with their huge wooden shoes. All 
through Holland the scenery is fascinating, especially to 
anybody that handles a pen or bnish. 

The Hague, where we touched at for a brief stay, is 
■well worth a long visit. Its celebrated sea-side resort, 
Scheveningeu, is a delightful place. The ride through 
those fine avenues lined on each side with magnificent 
trees that arch over the road, the Museum and Art Gal- 
lery where we saw Rembrandt's well-known pictures, 
the visit to the Palace, all these things are fresh in onr 

Continuing on to Antwerp, we passed through Rotter- 
dam. Delft and other well-knowTi places. 



) allow 

Antwerp has a fine quay or wharf along its harbor. 
This quay is arranged as a promenade, and is a popular 
place, in the evening especially. Large steamers 
anchored here, the water being sufficiently deep t 

of It. 

The Cathedral has a great history. It was commenced 
years ago, but is not completed yet. Workmen are still 
busy on the front. These cathedrals in almost every in- 
stance represent years and years of work, having been 
started in the early days, and as money was raised the 
work has been pushed forward. Most of this money has 
been given by the poor. 

Our next move was to Brussels, 
called " Miniature Paris." and 
certainly it is well deserving of 
that name in many respects. It is 
a well arranged city with many 
fine avenues, parks and buildings. 
The Palais de Justice is said to 
be the largest building in the 
world. It is a granite structure of 
the Roman style of architecture. 

Brussels is celebrated for its lace. The ladies in our 
party were much excited over the beautiful examples of 
the lace maker's art displayed in the shops about the city. 
We all fell under the influence of this allurement, and 
brought away pieces-of this high-priced article. 

By watching a lace maker you can get an icJea of the 
tiiiie and effort expended in making one small article. 
Oftentimes weeks are spent in doing it. 

In the square where the flower market was we saw 
some of the most peculiar yet beautiful and interesting 
buildings. Such strange old Dutch roofs and the fronts 
of the houses covered with statues and ornaments, in 
many cases gilded and shining brightly. It must have 
taken a great deal of gold leaf to cover those statues. 


And now for Paris, for that was our next place. How 

can one commence to describe the beauties of that grand 

and artistic city? Surely, it is hard to know where to 

begin, as there is so much to speak about. 

The first thing that impressed me was the long rows of 
houses just alike, without a break. This seems to give a 
style and character to the city, for when a magnificent 
building appears you get the full value of that structure, 
the plain lines of buildings seeming to add increased 
beauty to the latter. It is just like the lines in architec- 
ture, a plain molding in contrast with an ornate one, and 
these Frenchmen seem to know what makes a good thing, 
for they employ these ideas and rules in their work. 
Those long blocks of buildings just alike are not painfully 
plain. The general style of building has small balconies 
at each story, and the roof is of the French roof type, so 
familiar to us all. In many instances a roof extends over 
the sidewalk at the first story, and this roof 
is supported with stone arches, fonning a 
sort of arcade. This is a very clever idea, 
as it protects you from the sun and rain and 
alsi> gives an imposing look to the houses. 

The nest thing that pleased rae was the 
broad avenues and fine arrangement of the 
streets. Nothing seems to have been spared 
in the layout and plan of these fine avenues. 
Everything is roomy and open. Then, again, these ave- 
nues are principally of asphalt, and the carriages roll 
along in a smooth, majestic style that suggests richness 
and comfort. 

To look from the Chamber of Deputies across the bridge 
crossing the Seine, down through the Place de la Con- 
corde to the Church of the Madeleine, is one of the finest 
sights in Paris. We cross the bridge and then find an 
avenue running rigbt and left. Continuing on we come 

to the Champs Elysees, that beautiful avenue with the 
Tuileries Garden on each side. We go still farther and 
reach the Rue de Rivoli, another magnificent avenue, full 
of shops and bustling with vehicles. 

The Place de la Concorde has such a history, too. It 
was at this point that the gudlotine stood and where so 
many executions took place during that period when the 
streets were flowing with blood. There was a great fas- 
cination about this place, and no one could help but stop 

and think of those awful days. The obelisk that stands 
in the center of the square is one of the trophies secured 
by Napoleon in Egypt. 

Once again Dame Fortune was with us, for it was our 
good luc^ to be in Paris on the first Sunday in the mouth, 
and on these Sundays the fountains play at Versailles. 
vi| Accordingly we took advantage of the oppor- 

tunity and went out to Versailles. We spent 
a delightful and profitable time there, visit- 
ing the Palace and looking at all the won- 
derful treasures of art contained therein. 
The beautiful bed-chambers decorated in the 
most sumptuous style. One that I especially 
remember in white and gold was the finest 
thing that I had ever seen. The statuary, 
vases and pictures— in fact, everything was 
on a grand scale. 

To see the fountains play is a great treat. These foun- 
tains are beautiful in design and of various sizes, from 
very small ones to those of huge proportions. An espe- 
cially imposing one represents Neptune driving his horses. 
Our visit to the various churches was very delightful. 
Notre Dame with its jewel rooms was much enjoyed. 
The Church of the Madeleine was equally interesting. 
This is a very chaste structure of the Grecian type of 
architecture. The Jube de Saint-Etienne du Mont, with 
its marvelous stairway that crosses the center of the 
church, was another of the sights to see. 

Of course, the Louvre was doubly interesting to me, 
and I thoroughly enjoyed looking at those beautiful pic- 
tures, masterpieces of the painter's art. It was a great 
education to stand before those canvases and drink in mU 
their superb coloring. In all these galleries throughout 
Europe you will find many artists copying and striving 
after reproductions of these celebrated pictures. Many 
times I have heard people around me say that they liked 
the work of the copyist better than the original, but I 
thought I could see something in the copyist's work that 
did not approach the genuine. There was not that soft 
blending of distance, or if a figure, the grace and ease 
that the original possessed. There seemed to be a harsh- 
ness and boldness to the work of so many of these copy- 
ists, while in the masterpiece this did not exist. 
(To he continued.) 

Care of Eyes. 

Do not read or study by a poor light. 

Let tbe illumination come from the side, slightly back, but 
not from io front. 

Do not read or study lone at a time while suffering great 
bofbiy fatlMioe or during recovery from illness. 

Do not read lying down. 

Do not use the eyes too ions at near work, but when weary 
give them periods of rest and a, bath in cool water with fric- 
tion or matisage. 

During study avoid the stooping position, or whatever 
tends to produce congestion in the head and face. 

Select hooks printed on gjod, but not glazsd paper, and 
well printed. 

As you value your eyes avoid tbe use of alcohol nod 

Take much exercise in the open air. Indoor life ruins 
more eyes than all the doctors can ever cure. Lifenttlie 
seaside is favorable to good sight. Outdoor life in a wooded 
country also favors the eyes. The green grass and green 
landscape is good lor th&eyes. 

As yuu value your eyeb, so keep your body strong. The 
eyes weaken as the body weakens. 

The eve^ are the most prtcious of our sense organs, and 
once injured can never bo quite as good as before.— Jour. 
nygiene. _^^_^^ 

Rothschild's riaxims. 

The following is a copy of the alphabetical list of mhx- 
ims framed and hung in Rothschild's bank. Baron Roth- 
schild used to recommend these rules to young men who 
wished to " get on " and achieve success m life : 

Attend strictly to the details of business. 

Be prompt in all things. 

Consider well, then decide positively. 

Dare to do right, fear to do wrong. 

Endure trials patiently. 

Fight life's battle bravely, manfully. 

Go not into the society of the vicious. 

Hold integrity sacred. 

Injure not another's reputation or business. 

Join hands only with the virtuous. 

Keep your mind from evil thoughts. 

Lie not for any consideration. 

Make few acquaintances. 

Never try to appear what you are not. 

Observe good manners. 

Pay your debts promptly. 

Question not the veracity of a friend. 

Respect the counsel of your parents. 

Sacrifice money rather than principle. 

Touch not. taste not, intoxicating drinks. 

Use your leisure hours for improvement. 

Venture not upon the threshold of wrong. 

Watch carefully over your passions. 

Xtend to every one a kindly salutation. 

Yield not to discouragement. 

Zealously labor for the right. 



The .TotTRNAL Is published Id two editions: 

The Penman's Art Joprnal, 20 pages, subscription price. 50 ceuts 
a year. 5 cents a number. 

The Penman's art Journal. News Edition. 84 pages, subscription 
price, %\ a year. 10 cents a number. 

Both editions are Identical except four added pages of News and 
Miscellany in the News Edition. All Instruction features and adver- 
tisements appear In both editions. 

ADVERTisiNO RATES.— 30 ccnts per nonpareil line, «2.50 per Inch, 
each Insertion. Discounts for term and space. Special estimates 
furnished on application. No advertisement taken for less than ?2. 

Hundreds ofbeantftul anil uMefiil bookfl nre listed In 
o*ir xiv.w book nnd preiniam cataloKue, n'ilb coinbiDntion 
rnteti iu oonnecifon with "Journal '* Hubscriptions, both 
urw and rpnewalH, slnirlo and in clubi«. As we (rive the 
Niibscriber benefit of'rhe Inrsest ivliolesale reduction on 
the bookH in conneclion with the coinbiuntion ofler. it 
Trefjuently hnppeuM that he is enabled to obtiiin book 
nnd paper at cnnHiderably less than the book alone 
would eoHi of any dealer. It will pay any Intellident 
person to send a two-ceni Htnmp for this calaloiiue. 
Many valuable susffestions for presents. 


riptiou lists are now entered by Sta 

kould be 

lotiaed our mo 

nih in adv 

ill o<]dres 

s. Otliernise a 


II have yo 



Editorial Comment. 

Special Teachers in Public Schools. 

This is the season when public school boards are 
making plans and securing teachers tor the next 
school year. Wo hope that they ^vill not overlook 
two very important specialties— writing and draw- 
ing. No matter from what point of view they are 
considered, there are no more important branches in 
the public school curriculum And these branches 
are not hard to teach if trained specialists are se- 
cvired as teachers. From a practical standpoint the 
teaching of writing and drawing always elicits the 
warmest support of parents and guardians. The 
expense of securing two teachers (or one teacher to 
handle both branches in small communities) is but a 
few cents a year per pupil— a mere bagatelle when 
compared with the enormous benefits accruing to the 
pupils receiving instruction in these two important 
branches. A popular subscription (if necessary) 
would raise the necessary funds for the first year and 
after that there would be no trouble in having the 
aiuount included in the teachers' fmid appropriation. 

The Journal is willing to give its services to 
boards of education to help in selecting competent 
teachers of these two branches. 

Gentlemen of the American Boards of Public 
School Education, what are you going to do about 
this matter for the school year of 1897-8 '? 

The circulation of "The Penman's Art Jour- 
nal '■ now exceeds 17.000 copies. Only one 
issue during the pas six months has fallen 

per.od has been 17,; 


about 3.000 copies monthly. "The Jour- 
nal •■ has not only much the largest circu- 
lation of any paper of its class in the 
world, but a very sienificant point to ad- 
vertisers is that a large proportion of its 
readers buy that edition which costs twice 
as much as any similar paper published. 

The Journal's Old Guard of Honor. 

Second Itall Call For 1897. 

Herewith we print a list of friends who have 
favored The Journal with clubs of subscriptions. 
This is the second list tor 1897. and it is needless for 
us to assure all who have contributed to this splen- 
did showing that we fully appreciate this very prac- 
tical form of co-operation and support. This is the 
kind of backing that counts. Never before has The 
Journal had so many club senders, and never be- 

fore have clubs averaged so large. Good sized clubs 
have come from nearly every important town in 

A glance at the subjoined list of schools and club 
senders will give an idea of the class of people who 
give The Journal their support. This list contains 
the names of those who have sent in clubs since the 
last announcement. In addition to these a large 
number of small clubs and single subscriptions have 
been received and the total list is the largest The 
Journal has ever had, and is by far the largest 
subscription list ever had by any penmanship peri- 

Hundreds of our friends are still working on new 
lists and additions to lists already sent, and unless 
promises made us prove very deceptive. The Jour- 
nal should pass the 20,000 mark before the end of 
this school year. 

The largest club received since first list was published 
is that sent by G. C. Raynor Polytechnic Institute, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., anct numbers 111. Mr. Raynor is a 
popular teacher and fine penman and believes in spread- 
ing the gospel of better writing and hence this club. 

The next largest club, numbering 93, comes from A. H. 
Ross Troy, N. Y., Bus. Coll. Mr. Ross is a strong all- 
round teacher but believes in pushing business writing 
to the front, and needless to remark is making a success 
of his work. 

There are 91 subscriptions in the list sent by that 
snperb penman, artist and courteous gentleman, H. W. 
Flickinger of Temple Coll., Philadelphia. Mr. Flick- 
inger's tame is international in all lines of pen work, 
as a teacher of teachers and penmanship author. The 
Journal is proud ot his indorsement. 

A new (to us) Richmond in the field is P. W. Bowles 
ot'the new International B. C, Bay City, Mich, and he 
comes in with a rush and a club of 80. 

That fine writer, C. E. Doner, Spencerian B. C Cleve- 
land O., whose penwork, portrait and sketch have 
been'showuiuTBE JotJRNALis next in line with a list 
of 76. 

C. J. Becker, New Bedford. Mass. Bus. Univ., the well 
known commercial teacher sends a list of 60, making a 
total for the season of 67. 

F. H. Vail, Breck School, Wilder, Minn., a rising young 
commercial teacher rolls up a list of 57, 

nnd S Bus Sch., Buffalo, N. Y. (741 ; 42, Osliorn &, "Williams, 
Rnchester, N. Y., Bus. Univ.: 3«, C. A. French. Boston, Mas-s. 
^46) • .% A Chicago Friend. il04) ; :^6. W. J. Sanders, Bhss, B. 
O Lvim. Mass. (SRI ; 36, .T. E. Hvde. Acri. Coll. of Utah, 
Tjoean Utah ; 3.5, C. A. WpssrI. Ferris Indus. School. Big 
Rapids Mich f66) : 3.5, G. W Donald. Winnipng, Manitoba. 
Can (3S1 • 3.5 R A Hunter. Logansport. Ind.: 34> E. A. New. 
comer N' .T.. B C. Newark. N, J. (lOfl : 34. J. H. Bachten. 
kivohev Supervisor Writing. La Fayette. Ind. *R3) : 32. A. R. 
Whoud"', Bus. Coll.. Milwaukee. Wis.: .31. W. K. Cook. Bus. 
Toll Hartford. Conn.: 31. 1. F. Clem. Bus. Coll.. Lima. Ohio ; 
:vi E C A Becker. Bus. Coll.. Worcester. Mass ; 39. C. A. & 
v' H Burdett. Bus. Coll.. Boston. Mass (441): 2«. .1. E. 
Bloomer. Lowell's B. C. Binghamton. N. Y.: 2«. W. E Cogs- 
well Atkinson's B C. Sacramento. Cal.: 27. R. C Spencer. 
Milwaukee. Wis. («.5> : 27. C. F. Kriete. Kane's B. C. Balti- 
Tnoro Md ■ 2R. C Claghorn. B, He S. Bus. Coll.. Brooklvn, 
N Y ■ 2fi Carlos B. Ellis. Westfield, Mass.; 36j T. L. Staples, 
Int B ^ Ft Wavne, Ind.: 24. C A. Transue. Com'l School, 
Pottsvillo, Pa : 2:1, A. C. Gegenheimer, Nanerville, 111. (a'il ; 
•'3 Geo E SeoeeT. TTtica. N. Y,: 23. A R. Merrill. Saeo. Me. 
(■!7) : 22, .J B. McKay. Kingston. Ont., Can. (2(i) : '«, T. M. 
Craves. Lowell. Mass.: *21. W. H Coppins, Steinman Inst.. 
Dixon 111 ■ 'U. Miss Erama Case. Riley's B C, Binghamton, 
N" Y • 21 W H Carrier. Adrian. Mich : 1". S. K»rr & Son, 
Bus Coll , St. .lohns. N B , Can : 1«. E. S. Cause, Hill's B. C 
Wa.o Texas : IS, EII.1 I Heffron. UticB. N Y.: IS, L, W. Hal- 
left. School of Com,. Elmira. N. Y : IS. C. O. Meux. Bus. Coll., 
Pensn"ola. Fla : IS. .T, L, Hodgmire. Curtiss C. C-. Minneapo. 
lis Minn.; 17. W. W. Merriraan. B C . Bowling Green, Ky. 
(121- 17 A P Wagner. Heald's B. C. San Francisco. Cal. 
(401 • 17. H G Burtne-, Hich School, Pittahtirgh. P.t. (331 : 17. 
S. L. Dattghevty, Y M. C. A., Dayton. O,: 17 .T (• M.-T.itvre, 
Iron City Coll. Pittsburgh, Pa.: IB, L. C 51 1 ,',i, Wiihoiis 
Coll. of Bus , Mahanoy City, Pa. (.'J41 : W. E 1 1 ' .,1 

Tom . Toledo. Towa : 16. W. D. Smith. Bus 1 < '■ > N 

H : 16. F. .T. Heaco"k. Bus. Coll . Butl"r- !• 1 . I . 1 L. 

Howard. Maiden. Mass ('201 : 15. U. C. Metci.ll^, \V 1 » V,. ('., 

Ashland. Pa. (411 : 1.1. W. W Way. O. I. Bus. & Nor. Coll.. 
G'-and Island, Nebr.; 15, J. .1 Nagle. Coll. of Com.. Freeport. 
Ill ■ 14. \ W Orton. Massev's B. C. Birmingham. Ala.: 11. 
W C Howcv, SonthcTii Bus Univ,. Atlanta, Ga, (301 : 14. H, 
B LfhiirH: Kr ill,,! V.'i'iiMisr,. Ind (HI : 14. L D. Scott, 
Memi'lu- r, !' II 1 Cunn. Napa B. C . Napa, Cal; 

11 O t M ' * ' i|.-ster. Pa : 13. M. A. Conner, 

Meadvi I, - I 1 r, i Peters. Bnena Vista Coll , 


. Mil 



13. S, M Sweet. Bus. Coll . New Castle, Pa, (381 : 12, 
N L Richmond. Bus CoU . Kankakee, m, : 12, R N. Hadley, 
Lake City. Pa, : 12. W , F Gibson. Wesleyan Acdy. Wilbra- 
ham. Mass . 12. .T H Bryant. Spencerian B, C . Philadelphia, 
Pa. (7S1 : 11. L. J- EgeelstoD, Perry B C. Rutland, Vt (201 ; 
11. M Van Osterloo. Dixon. Ill (a51 : 11, A. B. Stanffer, Ohio 
Nor. Uniy . Ada, O (181 : 10, J. D Brandt, Schissler CoU. of 
Bus., Norristown, Pa. (271 ; 10. .1 R, Hutchison. Bus. CoU,, 
San Jos6, Cal. (801 ; R. A. Grant. Com'l. Coll.. Winona. Minn. 
1171 : 10. W. P. Mcintosh. Bus. CoU., HaverhiU. Mass : 10, L. 
M- Kelchnor. N. I. Nor. School. Dixon, lU.: 10. F. E. Rippert, 
Int. Bus CoU., Saginaw E. S.. Mich.: 10. E. E. Gard, Bus. 
, St. .loseph. Mo.: 10. F. P. Gavnor. Childs B, C . Athol, 

number received during thelseason. 

la?^^_. REGISTER 

J. A. Lindblade, Chicago, HI. (221 ; E. L. Grandy Cohoes, 
N. Y., School of Bus. (16) ; G. Bixler. Wooster, O. C60) ; A. A. 
Kuhl, Jasper, Fla. (32) : W. F. Hostetler, Angola, Ind. (IS) ; 
W. J. Kingsland, Y. M. C. A., Scranton, Pa. (181 ; W. L. Star- 
key, High School, Paterson, N. J. (721 : Bro. .larlath, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y.: J. R. Tabor, No. East O. Nor. CoU., Cantleld, O.i 
R. A. Kells, N. Y. City, B. C: H. H. KeUogg, Co. Supt. Pub. 
Schools, El Reno, Okla. Ter. (101 : G. S. Henderson. Portland, 
Ore. ; L. H. Jackson, Va., B. C, Richmond, Va : J. L. Zwickey, 
Storm Lake, la.; O. J. Penrose, Randolph, N. Y, (9) ; R. M. 
Boudahush, Annex, Va.; W. 1. Monroe, B. C, Waterhury, 
Conn.; A. B. Johnson, Lumberton. N. C; P. Hammel, B. C, 
Akron, 0.; L H. Lipsky, Comer's C. C, Boston, Moss. (9) ; I 
H. Carothers, EUiotfs B. C, Burlington, la. (07) ; J. T. Hen- 
derson. B. C. OberUn, 0., (43): Miss Cora M. Starr, Supervisor 
of Writing, CrawfordsviUe, Ind.: S.B.Fahnestock, McPheraon, 
Kans., CoU, (371 : C. B. Hall. Spencerian B. C , Yonkers, N. Y. 
(131 : W F. Gray, Monmouth, 111.; Albert Backus, Lmcoln, 
Nebr . Normal Uniy. (191 ; L. Harrington, Anoka. Minn. ; J. & 
H. K. Henderson, Leeds, England, Bus. CoU.; W. C. Howey, 
So Short. & B. U., Atlanta. Ga.; A. S .Weaver, San Francisc(;, 
Cal.. B C. (Ill ; J. E Selfe, Western Nor. CoU., Bushnell, 
El ■ W T Turman. State Nor. School, Terre Haute, Ind. 
(12) ; R. S. Collins, Pierce CoU. PhUadelphia, Pa. (187) ; F L. 
Haeberle, MiUersville, Pa State Nor. School (41) ; C. M. 
Lesher, High School, Carbondale, Pa (31); L. M. Thorn- 
burgh, Cedar Rapids, la.; E. G. Brandt. Unlontown, Pa (10); 
D. B. Anderson, Highland Park Nor. CoU., Des Moines. la, 

(7) ; H. B. Cole. Shaw's B. C. Portland, Me (18) ; W A. Rip. 
ley, Huntington, W. Va., B. C; J. O. Hardwick, Sac City, la.; 
J. A. Galbraith, Marshfleld, Mo.; E. H. Ealy, State Nor. 
School, Cape Girardeau, Mo.; H. E. Byrne, Patterson Inst., 
HiUshoro Tex.: S. H. Bauman, Great Falls. Mont,, C. C: J. 
O Klin.. Mich., B. U. (117) ; E. L. Moore, la., B. C. 
Di-v M III L. I.- 1 J K. Warren. Cadilloc, Mich. (18) ; D. 
HI h I. I I Falls, Pa., B C. (16) ; C. H.Donaldson. 
Pu, I I : H J. Minnich. FmtUay, O (10); E. G. 
Wrulii w i^inii.'rnn D C (12) ; Aug. Fischer. Philadelphia. 
Pu ,iii. Uoi, (., Liidda, Franklin, Pa. (71 ; A ChicJigo Friend; 
A C Sloan, Menominee, Mich ; J. T. Smith, Star, Idaho ; L. 
L Weaver, Alliance, O. (151 ; M E. Bennett. Johnstown, Pa. 

(8) ; J. A Sanders, Denton, Tex. (7) : J M. Oshlund, Luther 
Acad., Wahoo, Nebr. (6) ; Miss Anna H, Graftt, Waverly. N. 
Y : O. C Bachman, Seattle, Wash.; O F Amburn, Galveston, 
Tex , B U.: C. H AUard, Gem City B. C , Quincy, ni. (124) ; 
J, H Baldwin. Clark's B. C, Lockport, IT Y (1Z» '. J- C 
Olson, Nor. CoU., Stanberry, Mo. (35); W H. Matthews, 
Salem, O., B C. (301 : G. E, Crane, Sandusky, O . B. C, (32) ; 
C, Bayless. Dubuque, la., B. C (281 : J, B. Mack, Nashua, 
N H'(36): D, W McMUlan. Grand Prau'ie Sem., Onarga, HI. 
(33); H, W Herron, Portland, Oreg. 1131: E M. Barter, 
Cherokee. Tex, (lOl : W P, Canfield, Stillwater, Minn., B, C. 
(101 • T S Nettleton. Pine Bluff, Ark. (81 : C. E. WiUiard. 
HorneUsvUle, N. Y.. B. C : H. C. Post, Woterbury, Conn. (9) ; 
W Wood, Montreal, Can : Mrs. W. J. Smith. KirksviUe, Mo.; 
E J. Shaw, No. Adams, Mass.: B. A. O'Mealey, Yankton, S. 
Dak.; ElUs R. Northrop, Middletown. N. Y.; J. L. Hamilton, 
Portland Mills, Ind.; D. L. CaUison, PowersvlUe, Mo.; C.H. 
Clearv. Canton. O. (81 : Ed. H. Craver, Ebensburg, Pa.: C. W. 
Buswell. Kentland. Ind.; M. Maxim Montpeller, Vt., Sem. 
(Ill; H. Coleman, Natl B. C, Newark, N. J. (661: E. F. 
Fisher. Charles City. la. (26) ; J. W, James, Searcy. Ark. (12); 
B. M. Wade. Plaiaaeld, N, J. t37) ; B. W. Qetsinger, Spar- 


Hire M {' ("11- W J VHi^-wlPr. Birminglmin, Ala., B. C. 
\v- T 4„, i'l Oliv.- Braiiih N C. (15) ; T. J. WilUams, 
I , . ; III I? '■"' Vlvmoath. Pa. (Hi ; H. C. 

, , . II I K Pentz. Great Bend. 

" ; , ',,..': , Elgin, ni. ll!<); L. R. 

^1 Ml..,, HiiKerstown, Md.; E E. 

. I . , 1,,,- , ll,,l„,ken, N. J. (»l ; W. R. 

, I \, I, ircw .Johnson, Hanska. Minn ; 

M(» til): .T. E. Whirrv. Osage. 
■ , ^ , , li.-td ni : F. A Jones. Southern 

11,1,1 . Ml '■ M Hopkins. Bassett.-Nebr.: T S. 
( I . ~iM,i :. 1 .11 W Blankinship, Decatur, nl ; Beck 
(k Pi'iuii D.C. C; Howard ChampUn, Cincinnati,!). 
.1 L Hall. Miss. Coll., CUnton. Miss. (H) : F H. Read. 
Ion Cfutrt* Vt, (0) : R, E. Rowe. Portland, Me.; M. W. 
kinship. Orfcn Bn.v, Wis. (H) ; H. .1. Petty, Ransom, 
!.; F. C. Hovey, Sch'enectady, N. Y., B. C. (7). 

Script Signs. 


There is probably no city in the country that 
can blast of more beautiful script signs than 
Rochester, N. Y. A number of years ago several of 
the most prominent sign painters of the city at- 
tended the Rochester Business University for the 
purpose of learnint; the most approved forms of 
Spencerian script, and as a consequence there are 
many elegant script siRns. as well as fine script on 
delivery wagons and movinf; vans. 

Many sign painters resort to a clumsy, heavy 
style of script, almost wholly devoid of beauty. 
Not so in Rochester. The penman can here feast 
his eye on beautiful script forms frequently during 
the day. 

Wherever I see it, I am always ready to welcome 
good writing, whether it is on paper or on a sign- 
board. Yours truly. 

E. C, Mills. 

Mr. Baldwin Rises to Expiain. 

1 like Mr. Folsom's interest i 
sorry that he finds me at varia 

On jirogressivo questions, I have heard it said that MAJOR- 
ITIES are always WRONG. 

Brother Folsom, will you be kind enough to point me out an 
eminent penman, .yourself of course excepted, who does not 
shade because he CANNOT ? 

Mixed classes admire shade writing most. Mixed classes 
and not business men a^-e those whom we teach. 

Beginners are interested most in what they admire most. 
Delicious bait catches the most flsh. 

The mastery of rapid shade writing comprehends light line 
writing, but the rule won't reverse : those who are taught 
light writing only cannot .shade. Wlieu it is just as easy to 
do, and more advantageous to the student, why not kill two 
birds with one stone y 

We may THINK we are educating our pupUs for business 
men, but we don't KNOW what they will be, and if they 
should choose TEACHING for a profession, their sojourn 
with us should enable them to attain EMINENCE therein. 

If you would make the broatlesi success, take pupils -where 
they ARE, and not whel-e they ARE NOT. 

Light writing is but the bones of penmanship; shade gives 
it flesh and blood I am not surprised that the business man 
with a dollar in bis eye should admire light writing most : 
that's his jirivilege. An anatomist sees great beauty in a 
skeleton. Bones are in his line. We common mortals, how- 
ever, prefer living creatures. 

It is one thing for an all-around penman to give a business 
man the style of w-riting he demands, but quite another to 
narrow down the jirofosxion of our beautiful art to a sort of 
side«how to his business. 

My students and 1 fail to find shade writing slow or diffi- 
<ult. The (lifli.-iilty of much shade writing is caused by slotv- 
«..<.- WE writ,- rapidly. 

Am orcusioiml capital combination or off-hand flourish, iii 
til.- «-i ,1,1,5,. , l„s^ .atches some fish thot will bite no otier 
'■■'■' ";'l ■' -' t them biting, and they wiU eat most any- 



Troy Dusincss coLLcac, 

CoLLCar BulLOina, 



lo: IV) 
V 2 

CX/wU-i> ^-Ax^oXXmy^J^jo-yx^ C-or; 

2,0 2, y3».x»<^-c*-<Axx/bi , 



,,,,ti> of the quantity of fine fcxlblo pens 

in the education of the young is their em- 

iccomplishments of parents and teachers 

,vs away a <-hew of tobacco while telUng 

use the filthy ^yeed. he is about as consistent 

■ . -.- who refuses his pupils instruction in the 

shade writing which he enthusiastically pushes for personal 

gratilii-ation It it is a bad thing, quit it; but, it it is not, 

pass It around. 

Who comes next ; J. Howaku Baldwin, 

Clark Business College, Lockport. N Y 



rc^'-'s^"^-;^ THE , 
«Bt51>lESS maNager'5 


The attention of imbU<- s.-hnol teachers and others who are 
interested in the general edinnti.tntil papers is directed to tho 
spocial combination clulihinL,' lut'-s niad.' Tmi' Thi". Penman's 
Art Journai, with van-n- ..rill 1 i.iiiiiatiMiui! journals. 
Educational periodical;^ wl!..--.' -ul.>i i m r;it.' is Sl-00 or 
more can be had for this pm ■■ au'l Tut .ifi hnal will be 
fiiven free. This offer shuuM attract tia.- ultcutiunof all who 
are interested in general educatiimal reading 

We trust that all of our friends who 8 
cupying positions as special teachers will extend what aid 
they can to The Journal in its fight for better writing. 
They can do much to help us in this campaign, and one of the 
easiest and best woys of opening the fight in their particular 
\ by having sample copies of The Jocrnai.. 

Special teachers can also 1: 
Journal in extendi 
tendents and L,'ra'li' 1 

■h assistance to Th"^ 

.,._„ among the superin- 

s in the public schools. The low 

_ 3 f ornot subscrib- 

ing'and bpcniniri" lutti-r posted with the better methods of 
teaching writiia,' Then ajam the combination clubbing rates 
made with the general oducational papers allow them to take 
two papers at the urice they are now paying for one. We 
hope that our friends in the nrofes-sion will spread the news 
of th<M*e offers and aLso lend a hand personally in increa-sing 
The Journal's circulation, where it is most needed— in the 
American public 

well-known ai 
their smooth 
and onv friends wh^ 

irs the Barnes Steel Pens, manufactured by 
Co., 1.5ft Fifth avenue. New York, have been 
ong penmen, banks and business ■ 

'^at "bright little periodical. riuZnnerian p:xi>»„e»t. has 
hanged its name to Penman and .4r(is(.^The.initial number 

under the new name is full of good things and reflects mm 
■credit on the publishers, the Zanerian Art College. Columbi 
Ohio. The subscription is hut 1') cents a year, and for tl 
small sum the subscribers get four numbers. 

The Phonographic Institute Co.. Cincinnati. Ohio, publish- 
era of the Benn Pitman System of Shorthand and The Phono- 
graphic Afuf/azine. have an especially good feature i 

and teachers of it. 

""A'unique thing in steel pens is the Schagen Fountain Pen, 
an English production sold in the United States by Geo. 
Borgfeldt & Co.. l«-24 Washington Place. New York. It 
comes in several degrees of fineness of point, like the ordi- 
nary steel pen. but nas an additional fountain attachment 
which enables it to hold enough ink to write twelve times the 

t of the ordinary steel pen. Samples are sent for a 

nt stamp. 

_■ further use for. and of which they 
Tliere are also many who would like 
ill property as this at a fair price. If 

" School Furniture i 
$1.50 each insertion. 

.. __ V. .11 lie ciiiak'Li tuu third inser- 
tion free if desired. Tlmse who liiive school furniture and 
supplies to sell.'and those who want to buy. here's an oppor- 

O. M. Powers, 7 Monroe St., Chicago, the well-kn 

Thf ^fun>^on Pho>io<nr< 
Walworth & Co.. laH Eft 
a department edited b\ 

The C. A. Nichols Co.. Spi-ingfield, Mass.. are publishing in 
five imperial volumes "History for Ready Reference," It 
contains quotations from over 5,l)l)(l volumes, and puts the 
history of the world on a single shelf. 

The Hume, a family Journal containing stories, fancy 

EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Portraiture. A guide for the beginner and an inspira- 
tion for the amateur, for home students, cla.«8 and in- 
dividual instruction and reference. By C. P. Zaner. 
Published by Zanerian Art College, Columbus, Ohio. 
Cloth, 11.5 pagej. Heavy plate paper. Price, 81.50. 
Everything Mr. Zaner does he does well. This is amply 
illustrated in his latest production "Portraiture." If 
young penmen would provide themselves with a copy of 
this book, study it, follow its instructions, practice the 
principles there given, in a few years they would find 
themselves improved in every way, and especially in 
financial and artistic lines. There is more money in 
ability to make pen portraits than ability to make (lour- 
ished eagles and bounding stags. Mr. Zaner has made 
portraiture very simple, and has gotten down to the level 
of the beginner. The illustrations and type explanations 
are so simple that any one with a spark bt the artistic in- 
stinct cannot tad to grasp them. In addition to Mr. 
Zaner's own work there are dozens of fine line and wath 
drawings by such world-renowned portrait artists as 
Gribayedoft, Waspard, Fabrics, C. D. Gibson, Liphart, 
Clarke, Eaton. Darling, Lauc'ers, Jacossy, Friderang, 
Schmedtgen, Hagen, Zenope and many cithers. These 
portraits have been selected with the greatest care, and 
should fnrnishnot only 'inspiration for the amateur," 
as Mr. Zaner puts it, but copies for the amateur and pro- 
fessional. There are a variety of portraits shown, and as 
a hook of reference this latest production of Mr. Zaner 
will be in demand. In the matter ot paper, printing and 
mechanical work it is luxurious. If there is another 
work in this line as good for beginners. The Journal 
has never seen it. 

SHIP. Primer, 1 number ; Short Course, 4 numbers ; 
Regular Course, 8 numbers. Published by H. P. Smith 
Publiabing Co., 11 E. 16th St., New York. Price, 
Primer per doz., 7'i cents ; Short Course per doz., 72 
cents ; Regular Course per doz., &6 cents. Specimen 
pages free. 

These hooks represent a middle ground as to slant, be- 
tween the old standard slant o( .52 degrees and the vertical 
style. The slant in this system is 75 degrees, and the 
publishers state that it was determined after a most thor- 
ough investigation oC the slant prevailing among the 
clerks and business writers in New York and Brooklyn 
in commercial and banking houses and telegraph offices. 
A feature of the Primer is the illustrations accompanving 
the copies. Quite full instructions are given at the" top 
ot each page. Two copies are on a page. In the Short 
Course, which consists ot four numbers, the illustrated 

features are carried through Book 1. and the movement 
idea is started in the same book and carried through the 
four books of the Short Course, and the eight books of 
the Regular Course. In the advanced books, independent 
writing is introduced the words to be written are printed 
in type, and the student is expected to write them m 
script. The selections are from poets, various authors 
and historical and geographical works. This independent 
writing feature is a strong one, as it does away with ser v- 
ile copying and tests the pupils' memory as to correct 
form. 'If the teachers use these books intelligently, the 
pupils will develop movement and form simultaneously. 
All copies are introduced with movement exercises. The 
style of script is plain and legible, roundness ot turns in 
letters, short loops and capitals with little or no shade. 
The forms are simple, graceful, and while extremely 
legible retain much of the beauty of the slant style. 
Simple business forms, and letter writing are introduced 
early in the course. Those teachers who have been look- 
ing "for a style of writing rounder and more legible than 
the standard slant, who do not care to accent the ver- 
tical, will find in this series a style that occupies a safe 
middle ground. The mechanical work is excellent. The 
copies are nicely arranged and well graded. 

Art Education, the True Industrial Education. By 
Hon. Wm. T. Harris, LL.D., U. S. Commissioner ot 
Education. Board, 38 pages. Price, 50 cents. Pub- 
lished by C. \V. Bardeen. Syracuse, N. Y. 
This is the second edition of the address delivered by 
Dr. Harris before the National Educational Association 
at the Nashville meeting in 1889. It is a plea for art train- 
ing in our public schools, and should be read by all teach- 
ers interested in this work. 

Isaac Pitman's Complete Phonographic Instructor. 
By Sir Isaac Pitman. Cloth, 2.53 pages. Published by 
Isaac Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square, New York 
Price, §1.50. Revised edition. 

This is the latest edition of the standard Isaac Pitman 
Phonographic Instructor, and contains- instruction in 
both the corresponding and reporting styles with copious 
list of phrases, exercises, business letters and specimens 
ot legal forms. The general plan ot the Instructor makes 
it equally acceptable for self-tuition and class use. A 
chapter entitled " Practical Hints in Legal Work " from 
the pen of \V. L. Mason, Prin. of the Metropolitan School 
of Isaac Pitman Shorthand, is a prominent feature of the 
book. The book contains over 16,000 actual shorthand 
cuts, is elegantly bound, and it embodies the experience ot 
over 50 years. This is certainly a most complete short- 
hand text-book. 


March Journals Wanted. 

E. M. Barber, Packard's Bus. Coll., 101 E. 'iSrd St., 
New Y'ork, would like to secure as many copies as pos- 
sible of the News Edition of the March, 1897, number of 
The Journal, for which he wiU pay ten cents each. 

The EDITOR'S Scrap Book. 


W. J. Slifer, McPherson. Kans. 
E M. Harris. Wadeville. N C. 
W. B. Day, Oglesby. Texas. 

— Journal readers will remember that they may have 
their names enlisted under the heading " Professional ' or 
■ Amateur " for the purpose of facilitatinfj exchanee of 

ipecimens without cost. All that ' "— ' " *^~'- — ^- 

tvho sends his name will escha 
work with fellow-members free. 

— Well-written business letters have been received fi'om 
C. A. Stewart, Hartford, Conn.; J. A. Elston, Canton, Mo.; 
J, C. Mclntire, Pittsburgh, Pa.; E. M. Harris, Wadeville, 
N. C; C a. Prince, Buffalo. N. Y.; E, C. Bosworth, Rochester, 
N. Y.: R C. Metcalfe, Ashland, Pa.; A, B. Johnson, Pair 
Bluff, N C; J. H. Drake, Trenton. Mo.; C. E. Doner, Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

— Well-written letters, ornamental style, have been re- 
ceived from L. J. Eijelstou. Rutland, Vt,; J, D. Brandt. 
Jeromeville, Ohio ; A. A. Scott. St. Clair. Mich.; H. H. Kel- 
logg, El Reno, Okla.: A, B. Stauffer. Ada, Ohio, 

— Prom W. A Baldwin, supervisor of writing of Medina, 
Ohio, we have received a weU-executed pen drawing and set 
of fancy capitals. 

— C. W, Jones, penman in the Woonsocket, R. I., B. U-, 
favors us with some card writing that is accurate, graceful 
and has a dash that is exhilarating. A flourish from his pen 
is also well done. 

— T M. Williams, prin. Actual B. C, Pittsburgh. Pa., sent 
a W(41-executed flourish design, which he informs ua was 
made with the pen held in the usual writing position. 

— Prom J. W. Hazlett, Muberry. Ind., have been received 
some splendid business writing and hand9ome_professional 
writing. They would indicate that while Mr. Hazlett is out 
„ff 4.1 e 1 1. - ,L_ .- p,^ banker) he has not lost 

writes rapidly. 

- M. Van Osterloo, assistant of L. M. Kelehner, penman- 



Kelchnerian swing. He is a fine writer. 


- Miss Mell Dougherty, pupil of D. B. Anderson, Highland 

. . __„_,__ jwithavari- 

ety of script, all of which is good. 

— W. B Day. Oglesby, Texas, who says he is a farmer, 
sends samples of plain and ornamental writing that indicate 
he understands how to cultivate a good movement. 

— T. E. Erwin, Chattaroy, Wash., is improWng in his plain 
and ornamental writing. This is evidenced by some late 
specimens received from him. 

— Miss Lucia Chambordon, White Ash. Pa., has had occa- 
sion to have her writing complimented by The Jouti.val, be- 
fore She is steadily impro\'ing, and a large package of 
samples of her recent work show it is becoming more accu- 
rate. She is one of our best lady writers. 

— T S. Overby. Tavlor, Wis , has sent some dashing- orna- 
mental specimens. His work is graceful. 

— J. C. Olsen, Stanberry. Mo., Nor. School, is steadily im- 
proving in his plain and ornamental wi'iting. His work is 
graceful, and he is becoming more accurate. 

— G. McClure, associate" prop.^of ^Carlisle, Pa., B. C, favors 


rubUe .School nork. 

■d. Supervisor of Writii 

HE Journal a plea^^nt 

samples of writing executed by pupils of the 

\iir]..ii J. 1. 1, - iiitilcr his coutrol. The writing was clean cut. 

li' ! I'htving tfooti form and movement. It gave 

II Ml Howard knows how to supervise, and that 
I'" -111' I I' ii.i^ are Kenuinely interested in writing, and 
huK- iini..i.Ti-(l tlie teaching of it. These specimens were a 
credit to Mr. Howard and the grade teachers, and Maiden 
can congratulate itself on the quality of the writing of its 
public school pupils. 


Needed Reforms in the Penmanship 


No. -i. 

Extended study and practice leads me to believe 
that one of the chief obstructions to reform is our 
adherence to that which is beautiftil in form' rather 
than to that which is practical or utilitarian. We 
have, as a rule, used and taught and encouraged 
forms that were ornamental and difficult rather than 
plain and easy. 

Shade in penmanship is an element of beauty (dis- 
play, as educators say), and should, therefore, be 
al)oIi.shed in all teaching as regards the multitude. 
But I fancy hearing many up-to-date penmen say- 
ing, " why, I have discarded shade long ago; no one 
IS teaching it now-a-days, especially in business 
schools." Ve;-y true in most of such schools, but 
these institutions are but trifles in comparison to 
the public schools. In the latter, shade is still 
taught to a very large propoi-tion and to what might 
truthfully be termed, an alarming extent. Copy 
books are purchased because of the beauty of the 
copies. Utility is considered secondarily. . Shade 
is not desirable for general purposes because it dis- 
plays poor taste. It is, what would be called in 
dress and manners, affectation. Not only that, it 
takes time and training to execute. Shading de- 
mands fine, flexible, elastic pens and obliqiie holders, 
and they in turn demand skill in handling. The 
finer the pen the more difficult to manage. The 
<(mrsiT the pen the less skill necessary in writing. 

But shade is but one of the many relics of a past, 
plodding age. Intricate forms are still too numerous. 
They. too. are constructed on the principle of grace 
rather than sjieed. They are frail rather than firm, 
and fanciful rather than legible. We have borrowed 
too much of the omate past for present commercial 
purposes. We have said, " is it beautiful, is it ideal, 
is it ntdiidnrdf rather than "is it legible, is it 
rapid, is it nntnralf " 

Our real defect is in not knowing the true office 
or function of WTiting. We think of it as some- 
thing beautiful as well as useful, not realizing that 
it is well nigh impossible for it to be both at the 
same time. We need to know that writing was in- 
tended as a useful art. as a vehicle for thought— as 
a servant. We need to know that it is better to ex- 
press beautiful, noble, trae thoughts plainly than 
to oniament the forms of expression and thereby 
repress thought. We need to know that we cannot 
well serve two masters, nor do two difficult things 
at once -two things, each one of which requires 
direct thought. It is better that we be able to 
think thoughts and express them unmistakably. 
than to make a display of shade and flourish and of 
shallowness. Disagreeable as these statements may 
seem, they are no more disagreeable than the facts, 
and I would refrain from expressing them if it were 
not with the hope of the betterment of myself and 

Reform along the line of the simplification of let- 
ters lies in the public schools, where it is most 
needed. Drawing will be the emancipator of writ- 
ing from false ideas of beauty. Drawing will teach 
the true office of ornament and thus di.scourage dis- 
play in writing. Drawing will give pupils of artis- 
tic inclinations a channel for their efforts, whereas, 
heretofore, those who had an eye for the beautiful 
received no encouragement for its development ex- 
cept through writing. Thus it is that the teaching 
and encoura,gment of drawing will aid, in an indi- 
rect way, to improve the art of writing -the art of 
expressing thought. The latter will stimulate the 
art of reading thought. 

But we must not leave it all to drawing. We 
must encourage by precept and example the use of 

simpler and more legible forms. For tjie demand 
of the day is more legible writing on the part of 
the people rather than faster writmg. Writing, in 
the business world, is fast enough for most pur- 
poses, but not legible enough. In the public schools, 
the pupils write legibly enough in the lower grades, 
but on account of intricate and difficult forms and 
inadequate instruction they fail to write easily and 
rapidly enough. In the upper grades they leara to 
write rapidly enough, but not easily nor legibly. 
These two extremes, the one the outgrowth of the 
other, indicate the fact that the forms acquired 
early are not adapted to rapid work. The remedy is to 
discard these old, fanciful, " standard '" forms and 
substittite such that utility would suggest. 

The forms herewith presented are for serious 
thought and exijeriment. Don't act too hastily in 
your denunciation. Use them a few years as I have 
and see what your verdict will be. They are given 
only as a step in the right direction. As soon as 
people will take the step we have many more to 
suggest. Reforms come slowly, but they come 
surely. Reform is needed in the forms used in 
writing and the sooner we become conscious of it 
the better. The illustrations herewith may seem 
" radical " but they are mild toward what are 

The Business College Fake Chain Swindle 

Numerous complaints have been received at The 
Journal office relating to the swindling operations 
of a so-called " Business College Chain " concern. It 
is the same old game of organizing fake schools, 
bleeding the commimity to the last dollar by sale of 
scholarships, then selling the shorn and worthless 
school to dupes or dummies and sho-ring on to pas- 
tures new. Such operations are palpable frauds on 
the public, and nine times in ten the swindlers are 
clearly amenable to the criminal law. They should 
be prosecuted to the fullest extent. Put one or two 
of them in the penitentiary, where they belong, and 
there "will be an end to the whole nefarious business, 
which has done more than anything to discredit colleges. 

The particular case we have in mind seems to be 
an unusually flagrant one. The Journ.jvl is in com- 
munication with a number of victimized teachers, 
citizens, newspapers and supply dealers, and a vig- 
orous effort will be made to bring the' swindlers to 
their stripes. There should be concerted action, and 
we ask all interested to put their statements in writ- 
ing and send them to The Journal. These state- 
ments should be sworn to before a notary. The 
Journal will contribute a round sum toward the 
employment of a competent lawyer to take charge of 
the matter and prosecute the scoundi'els. We wish 
to hear at once from all concerned. 

The Young Penman ; His Place in the 


'Tis that of the student. If he imagines he is 
going to step out from under his teacher's care and 
take the teaching world by storm he is simply 

laboring under a delusion. He will do well, indeed, 
if he will only start right out to study. There is yet 
more for him to learn than be ever dreamed. 

We shall say there are three kinds of penmen; 
Teachers, Artists, and Business Man Penmen. Let 
us turn our attention to the teacher. If he expects 
much of the future he must broaden himself very 
decidedly. We find that condition in the business 
world to-day which compels the teacher to be ever 
alert. A bnsiness public says what kind of ma- 
terial it must have to do its work, and that teacher,, 
who can come nearest to preparing raw material for . 
that standard is the man that is wanted. It our 
young penman wants to be a successful teacher he 
must fortify himself with something more than a 
knowledge of script form and movement exercises. 
He must have a fund of knowledge in store and a 
flow of language with which to express himself if 
he would command the attention and respect of an 
intelligent class of young men and women. If he 
Weylerizes the English language and fails to make 
his instructions to a class pointed and thorough, he 
cannot hope for success. The man with whom he 
may work will exert a very decided influence upon 
the young penman. An employer has ideas and 
notions of his own. Fortunate, indeed, if our pen- 
man finds them good ones. Men who have been in 
the business many years are not likely to change 
for new ways and ideas. They want their way, and 
our penman will find it his place to suit them as 
nearly as possible. And right here is a ticklish 
point. Contact with some employers will dwarf 
his possibilities. Better by far to get out and see 
how other schools do. Don't stay in one school too 
long (let it be said, it you are in the best that the 
country affords, stay). Work in different sections 
of the country. No one could approve of constantly 
and aimlessly changing positions, bat it does seem 
that work in different schools in various parts of 
the country is bound to give an experience to our 
young penman that will add to his usefulness in 
the profession Putting together the methods 
learned by teaching in different schools ought to 
enable him to get results from his class that mean 

He should visit the artist penman, the teaching 
penman, and the business man penman. The artist 
penman will make him feel like doing better work 
than ever before. There is inspiration in seeing an 
artist at work. And the result obtained by seeing 
the artistic skill of another will but help to impel 
him do better in his line. The teaching penman 
will awaken him to some of his shortcomings in his 
class. Just see how some men present the case to 
a class. What a moving spirit they are in the class- 
room. Study their methods. Keep your eyes on 
the fellow that keeps his class in good humor and 
gets good results. It pays to study him. 

Then the business-man penman. He is one to be 
visited. He knows how to combine business and 
skill. He knows how to get something more than 
praise out of skill. 

The young penman's place in the profession must 
be that of the student. He has everything to gain. 
If he only realizes that the world before him is 
looking for the thorough man. and it is willing to 
substantially support such a one, he will be eager 
to take advantage of every point tnat will help pre- 
pare him for a successful career. 


i/jf lH^L^ C/^ 


'lyavnoAA Q7Cit>oJ^tc<AjfZi& 








Grammar-chart sent for fourteen ( 
Satisfaction, or money refunded. Address 

J. H. BltYANT, 

1520 Chestnut Si, PhlladelphI 

lOOO Sheets Faper. 

Extra Booil ciunlily. 8 x lOHi in., 10 ll)«.. 
■inriileil, wiileriilvd or ordinary ruled, 
300 Hlieels for 7.'S reuta. 
CnMli witli order. By exiircHK or frei 
uiot l>repaid)-cnn'l be Bent by Innil. 

a02 Brondnny, New Yor 

History for Ready Reference 

and Topical Reading, 


By J. N. LARNED, E.t.Prrs. Am. Library ^i-'-v/. 

««'aiving History on all Topics In the Exact 

Words oi the Historians Themselves. 

This work is a iNtw Departure ill lloolt .M.Lki.ii., 

as it fills a place hitherto wholly unoccupied. 

It gives History iii tlie very language of its 

ftf'lf. '» 

the history of the world oa a single shelf. ' 

llwill answer morequestions in llistorv,tnore 
authoritatively Willi greater excellence of liter- 
ary expression, and with a greater economy of 


The C. A. Nichols Co., Publishers, 

SpHagfleld, Mass. 



Esterbrook's New Pens 


Vertical Writing. 

If not, yon should lose no time in writing 
for samples, and then ordering supplies 
through the stationer. 

No. 556, Vertical Writer, fine. 

No. 570, Vertical Writer, medium. 
Voi] will be sure to like them, as they 
are exactly adapted for their purpose. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

Works, CAMDEN, N. J. 

Universally Famed for The 

ipercd steel, FLEXIBILITY, 

..... „.i.. .. IS .,.„s. terfi? DURABILITY and 

competitors to effect a change. SMOOTH, EASY ACTION. 

Uade of tbe bfst 
favor until (t 1 

Wc Ukt pleasure in quoting a few selected words of commendation 
from leading authorities : 

" Barnes' Steel Pons have the reputati* 
have used them look on them as old and w 

"1 consider your steel i 

T ffivinffsiicli general satisfaction that those who- 
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- E- CORLISS, Supr. of Penmanship, Public Schools. Dennis, Mass. 
They are the best pens I have ever used." 
.. TTT ^ . .. '^' ^' 1''^^NER, Cashier Bank of Swainsboro. Swainsboro, Ga, 

We find them to be as good, if not superior to. any we have ever used " 

GEO. W. HILL & CO.. Wholesale Grocers, Covington, Ky. 
A full line of Samples sent on receipt of lo cts. 

A. S. BARNES & CO., Mfrs., J56 Fifth Ave., New York. 


NOT A CENT until 


Our lar^e catalogrue will 
■ • eyouS.-"* ■• " 

..25. N. B. 
"The Bicycli 

tical Information 

give you ffilOO worth of 
on poultry and L' 
there Is in the 

Care and Repair," t 
iljustrano-s. worth (s 'o > 



an be kept on DIXON'S American Graph- 
,e PENt^ILS, without breaking off every 

They write the smoothest and last the 
mgest. Ask your dealer (or 


r mention Penman's Art Journal and 
:nd i6 cents for samples worth double the 


;.2Z^ --^^-Y^^^'^^ ^-^^f 




The Quick Schools 

beffinuiitif to perfect Iheir nrrniiKeineuIs tor teachers ' for the uext schoo 
r. What is the iiBC of nniliug iiiilil the Helil in virkeil over auil llie L>er! 
■Uer you niiiil has coiilractecl with some one else? 

The Quick Teachers 

We Charge Nothing 

to ni'hools ami so little to teachers that it is iiot north consideriui in uropor. 
lion to results ohtuiued. Ite wise lo-<lay ! 


202 Broadway, New York. 




will be over the first of May. Meiiiitimc wo hti\ e Icit a le 
none more recent than \mi. which we will mail post-paid i 


No duplicates. All odd copies unsold by May first will be destrc.yed. Also if we have your 
portrait cut or cut of j)en work by you that you could make use of. one dollar cash, sent by'Mdy 
first, will buy it, post-paid, providiojr the cut does not exceed 20 square inches : if over that, by ex- 
piess at .your expense. Seveial mouths ago we cleaned out about a ton of old cutsnnd another 
ton will ,to next month, unless somebody buys them. Must have room. Talk now. 

A.mes & K/Olllnson Co., S02 Broad-uva-y, KT. "S". 





tobllBhe'I INfiO. BuBlnpnu.ShortbRini.PenmanBblp, 

tstM)nsbea7360i^ Business Coileite Co. 

flasbriUe, ^enn. 

Guarantee Position. Apopf.t n'-i'?irortu;tifin, orcande- 
,poait moDty iDinitiktiiii.08iii..uisHw;uitd. Carfare paid. 



iDdorsor] by Bnnkors, McrchaDts, nnd others Bookkeep- 
■iDg, PcDtnar ' "■ " ■ "*- 

t beal thiDgIt 

iriDg o 

*;bo(,lB. WnU) iJB at Waalivilie. tMeniiontlii 



v.r-Hliv.Ur.iinl Biill'lliiji.FeuL-titreeSt.,Aflaiit»,aa. 



London. Conn. Present demand for urariiiatc-^ of 
the school grcnlpr than tlie supniv. UaluloKUe 
free. H. A. BIIU BECK. Principal. * 


"'"" *"•■ "TPEWRITING. Stamford. Conn. 
Bookkeeolog. Bnnklne, Penman 


Departments of " - - ^ 

ship. Hbortband, 

llsb, German and Architecture. Terms of" 

reasonable. Sen<l for catalogue. M. A. MERRILL 

ypewrltlnif. Telegraphy, Eng- 



NKSSCOLLKiJK. Open throughout tbeyear. Stii- 
d'-nrn may onter ul any time. Catalogue free. 


ISU.-.. Flral 1). & S. College. Illus. 


A. D. WILT. President. Loug established. Tlior- 


Uii Suiilli mh St.. Brooklyn, N. Y. Cataloguefi 



prlmr sriitb-nta. fenns [ 1,1/1. \.,\aVatl'f 

Catalouuefree. CARRl.Nci l-^N i;AlNi s in-sidt 





...... ..ornifll Train 



Military Institute, 


Danville, Va 



and Tvnewrltlng. English Trallill 
v.?J4".V.^'^l"i"'l?*''''U■ Address huvivpvji^u ijusi- 
NEhS COLLEGE, 10.5 S. Main St., Roi'kford, Illinois. 



Aeailomy. Shorthand, Typewriting and Telegraph 
Instltnle. Send for catalogue. San Amonio, 


CATALOGUES of The CaplUI City Commercial 

«'"?'■ •■""' '".'■ Cnultal city School of Shorthand 
l.l:!I.V^;.'^V"l.tteP to hltendlujj students. Address 
^ tlrst- 



*■ ^™.^.^■ ^'■''S-. 1» not the BEST, hut no other 
word wui describe It because It Is HONEST. 

139- THE rSE OF CUTS o,l thi, page or nuy 
icparlurt from the general style of display will 
cnat m ptr cent, extra. 

?■ CyWffumi) Q^di'CL^atMZ^ 




AKV INSTITUTE. New Orleans. La., renowned for 
40 years for Its high grade courses, philosophic 
systems, advanced accounting, practical and 
ethical lectures. Write for free specimen pages 
of Sonle's great works. The Science and Practloe 
of Accounts and the Philosophic Practical Mathe- 



on. Journal free. CLICK At YOUNG, 

principals for IM \ 

attended business college In America, 


Belleville. Ontario, Can. 

lege. Stratford. Ont.. W. .T. ELLIOTT. Principal. 
Two great Canadian schools, well-k " 

superior work. 



Artist and Instructor. 


12 iu Business Writing, - I3. 
20 " " " - 5- 

20 " Pen Art, - - - 20. 
I dozen Cards (any style) - 30c 
Hartford Business College, 



McPherson, Kansas. 

Lessons by mall. Sample 

* qt.ofmy famous, 

pnoto engraved pen study I 

Sample qt. of my famous line flowing Infe, prepaid, 

The above Si worth all for fl 

W. J. HARHN, Le Mars, Iowa, Ai flourished let- 
ter 20c. Drawing and penmanship taught by 
malL 5 different sets engravers' copper-plate cip- 
Itals. with instructions for card wrlilug. 5Uc. 

A. B. CUStinAN. The >*Auto*> King at Hum- 

penwork ai 
and Inform 
Lessons b> i 

1923 Coliseum St.. New Orleans. La. 

W; E. Df^NNIS. 357 Fulton St., Brooklyn. N. Y., 

Engrosser and Designer, 

WHAT Hammond says about Castronofpraphy. 

A Vi page booklet with beautiful specimen of 
knife work sent for 10(T. Best iilank cards. Lowest 
prices, samples free. L. W. HAMMOND, Ba- 

THE best Ink made. Get sample pint 10 cts. 


D. S. HILL, Pensnen, Marlon. Ky. Beautiful 

e. K. DAVIS, Pen ArtUt, Nashville, Tenn. 

flourish. »5 ( 

1 buslnes8wrlting.S3.<'0:18 
land drawing, 94..i0: an elegant 
; fhe finest of card writing per 

P. B. S. PETERS, Storm Lake, Iowa, does 

all kinds of penwork. One doz. assorted pens, 5c. 
three doz., lie. Excelsior oblique holder, two for 
loc, two doz.. $1.00. GlUott's No. 604 pens, H 

fro..21e.; ouegro.,rt8c. Method ruling cards. 13c.; 
uk recipe, 13c.: either one free with $1,00 order. 

B. L. QLICK. New England Bus. Unl., Lowell, 

Mass. 1 doz. Signatures, on cards— something ele 
gaut, SOc. ; Business Capitals, 20c. ; Flourished ^wan 
—a beauty. 35e.: all for 50c. Money refufided if 
the work Is not satisfactory. Oblique holder, prop- 
erly adjusted, SOc. Large stick India Ink, SOc. 
Half stick, 3iJc. 12 lessons In Ornamental Writing 
or Klourlablng. f 5.00. Elegant coplesand tlrstrclass 
Instruction. 12 lessons In Business Writing. 94.<X). 
By taking one of the above named courses you will 
make wonderful Improvement. Satisfaction guar- 

anteed. Samples 

SEND 35 CENTS for fine specli 

» -•■ iig and Flourishing "' 


Circulars free. 

W. S. HISER. Writing S upervisor Public 

_-— -<^^^Ti'e?rE^RroK4 rVi Sc hool s. Richmond, 
-g£.^ .^«„o..,.Jlnd. STANDA R D 

Erlnts. pen copy ; 50 prints, typewriter copy. NONE 
ETTER; costs 25* less. «1.75 t« Ji.50 with two 
colors of Ink. INVALUABLE TO TEACHlfiRS. Work 
and circulars free. 

uique specimens of pen work. 25 
etc., enerossed. 

A. D. TAYLOR will send you his National 

Course of Twenty Lessons In Writing for only Ten 
Dollars. Terms, one-half In advance. Address A 
D. TAYLOR. Oalveiton Bus. Un 

lame, «Tltten In full, and 

NAME. Send i 

25 cents, and I will aend you one dozen or more 
ways of writing It, with instructions ; or send me a 
2-cent stamp, and 1 will send you, addressed In my 
own hand, price-list descriptive of lessons by mail, 
extended movements, tracing exercises, capitals, 
cards, flourishing, etc. P. 8.— No postal cards 

Tliis is C. A.. Favist 
© T*ir| 



the thing to head your T A\ 
ledger and statements with. ^SQ 


Price reduced to 18c,, or 1 pen, M printed alphabets 
with Instructions and 1 bottle of Ink. .Hoc. prepaid. 
Circular and price-list for 2c. stamp. Address 

«5 WabRMh Ave., Chicago, III. 

"Mant" H&8. 

and atampino the repiles ready for maUlng and 
voritf/ng the nom-de-plume in a comer, then inclns- 
trm such sealed revJien in an envelope addre»ied to 
The Penman's An Journal, sos Broadway, New 
York. Pontaae mtuit he nent for forwarding Cota- 
toot««, NewnpapeT», Photo^aphs. &c. 

Situations Wante^. 

JL ER!!i> BVKBAir. Peumniiahip. com- 
niercial, and shoi-tband and lyiienTiline 
branches only. It hriues teachers nud mcImmiIm 

tnuetber. A luritR acunaiutance a l: 

Hcuools and teachera enables the innmiL't-- 
nieut to select KOodtenchei-9 for Kood mcIiooU. 
Small flee is charged the teacher t u<> i-lui vij.i- 
is made to the school. Reliable schooN >< t-L- 
iutf teachers, and well qualified, reliable 
leaeherH Neekias places are wniilcd for our 
liwtx. \o other!* need ninply. Address PEN- 
REAi:. •JOJ Broadway New York, 

A TEACHER with liU.'li ^.n-l U^^< <nho<>l 
training, with oiu- \. n . yp.- .i- r, .,, i,,.,- 

health; age 21i ; weight lt*(j : hciciit ;» ri min ; i 
married, flood references, sptaks German and E 
llsh languages perfectly. Low salary. Address " 
R. D.," care Penman's Art Joiibnal. 

ATEACHBU with high school and iHifi. .-oil- tm 
Ing, who teaches book keep, iimi i .i iii un -^iK^r 
Is open for Immediate enKawem. in !■ i 
months' teaching experience. Vu 
and Sadler's texts " " 

hcluht 5 ft. 11^ 
low salary. Addn 

AfiRADITATEof the West em Nor. Coll., Lincoln. 
Neb., who has spent 18 mouths In Highland Park 
Coll. DesMolnes, la.. Is nprn for enciKcmcnt. Can 

FoniUlar with w ■ - ; i , i, , ^ i. > i i, 

sired. Health v^- \ _ ', 

filn.; unmarrl- i nr,,.. ■- h ,- ,|, ■,,■,. i; 

S. M. Acc'ts- aii.l I.. D, i..i.| IS hiuiiinii wiili.Vciual 
Business. Low salary: rt^^adv iift^T June ^^,'jtU. Ad- 
dress " COMMERCIAL," care Penman'o Art Journal. 

A TEACHER of bookkeep.. Eclectk- Short., pen., 
teleg.. type., any of the common branches, but 
who has made a special study or com'l work. Is open 
for engagement. Has been a student of the Central 
Nor. Coll.. Danville, Ind., and has always been favnred 
"■"" '■ "' " ■ advantages. Two 

L TEACHER wltb eight years' < 

Is a graduate of two. bus. coll.. high 

Univ. Familiar with W.«R., Sad- 

ard'sand all the leading texta. (iood health: 

chool. and State Univ. Famllla 

age 28; weight 150: height 5 ft. 0)ii In.; married. 

tlce. Address " Y. E. 1 

fair salary. Ready a 

;R with private school and coll. educa- 
Is also a graduate of com'l and short. 
1 for engagement as teacher of short.. 

short, and type. Four year 

depts.; has been teacher of book- 
" ■ : had office experience a--' 

tutored In coll. Familiar with Musselman's. W. ft R. 
and Powers' texts and New Rapid Short. Excellent 
health : age 25 : weight 160 ; height 5 ft. 8 in. ; mar 
rled. Strong references ; fair salary. Ready fall term. 
Address " E. P. a. ."' care Pcnhan's Art Journal. 

\ TEACHER withr 
who had four yea 
; school and bus. coll. 
In office and bookkeep. 

1. teacher. Familiar with W. & R., 
saaiers. Eiiis. and Packard's texts. Good health ; 
Hg** 2« ; weight l«0 ; height 5 ft. In.; unmarried. 
Best references ; fair salary : ready on month's no. 
lice. Address " T. H. G.,"care Penman's art Journal. 

ATEACHER of Eclectic short.. com'L law, book- 
kcei>., and Benn Pitman short., is open for lin- 
meiilate eiiK:ak'eincnt. Has had extensive work In 
telegrdpliv, uiid understands printing In all Its 
branches as connected with college work. Has had 
urammar. business, academic and coll. training, with 
ttve years' experience in teachlug. Familiar with B. 
.4 S.. W. & R.. and Ellis systems. Good health ; age 
28 ; weight 135; height 5 ft. 10 In. j married. Low 

salary ; ready l_ 
Man's Art Journa 

Address "K, "^. 

3 Pes- 

\ 1(1 rs" teaching experience 

r ' Ind. and .So. Ind. Nor! 

I I'll., Is open for ensrage- 

inU's are pen. and com'l. 

jiiiii. gen'l and U. S. his., 

tc. Familiar with W. & R.. 

3. Good health ; age 26 : 

..fe in.; unmarried . Best ref- 

' low salary. Address "S. I. U.," 

t TEACHER with s 

■s' teaching experi- 

I'l. depts., and i 

ivlth V^ & R. tex 

; health ; age 30 ; weight 155 ; height 5 ft. lO"^ 
uarrled. Prefers New England States and Pub. 
ol Com'l. Dept. Fair salary ; ready after June 

1IIAVE H*D eleven educated hn' 
and coll. I teach nen 

ears' tcachliit: c.xi»erlence 
untry,,'lly,Midl>iis. schools 
raw.. Knirr-HraiiL'ht'S, book- 
nd ,, .t.- Familiar 
Bookkci'i). Health good ; 


s It. Roge 
height 5 f L 3 fn, 
1. E. Church B 
ly any time after June lOth. Address "N. O.S", 
Penman's Art Joi 

.Cher of plain and ornamental 
Bslst in draw., Eng.. math, and 
)llc school and coHeglate educa- 
age ai ; weight 170; height 5 ft. 
narrled. Fair salary ; ready In four weeks but 

i.uiii pr- fer to begin Sept. 1st. Address " N. R. E.." 

re Penman's Art Joprnal. 

, FINE TEACHER of pen., who has had public 

school, bus. coll. and Zanerlan Art Coll. training 
. en for engagement. Has bad three years* teach- 
ing experience In academy and bus. coll. Health 

~"" -— — ■ -t 1H5; height r 

snces. Will tal 

time. Address "H. T. R.' 


ATEACHER with U vears' leaching experience 
in public schools and bus. coll.. la open for en- 
gagement July 1st, '97. Is a graduate of two bus. 
oil. Teaches bookkeep., arlth.. 

I'l. law. pen,, bus. 

^ R., Ellis, ussel- 
ion Short. Good 

Wanes fair Hal'ary. A'ddri 

L TEACHER of com'l. and Eng.branche.s pen., 
lit., nlst.,pollr. econ., rhet., Is open for engage- 
ent after June 15. '07. Is a graduate of the llteraiT, 

LTEACIIHR with live 

r engagement after July 
'ep., pen,, cuni'l. law. i 
am., spell., etc. Was edu 

2\. who can also i>-»< i 

IH07. Has had 1 i v> ,.i 

coll. training. Faiinl! 
keep. Good healtli 

dress"RAPID."cn ' I 

4 1,AI>Y TEA< 11! 

7. US teacher Of l>oik- 
1. arlth.. correspond., 
d Iu country schools. 
. and pen > 

^PH:NMA^'s AbtJourna; 

■'! \v.ii>]it 125; height 5 ft. 

ATEACHER with eight years' experience In pub- 
lic and private schools, who teaches arlth.. hook- 
keep., correspond., plane geora., shorthand. 

He and prlv 

..)., correspon ., ,.,. ^ . 

ipen for engagement. Has had public school. nc>td.. 

._. : Pitman, Graham, Ecleetl _ _r- 

Beat references; fair salary. Address "S. A. M.,"c 



Gooareferences. Low salar.v ; f 
ary, Address I 

I 'i>)1i'' and nor school train, 
r rt r.f scientific course and 
lint', pen art in all forms. 
jji Fl fir engagement. Fa- 
I I .'wt IS' systems and Munson 
.il!li. age 25; weight 170: 
imrrled. Best references ; fair 


TTeacbera TRUanteO. 

EKS* HLUKAI. I»eiiiiian»liip. Coin- 
mcrrial, and Nborlhuiitl and lypeTCrttins 
brancheHonly. Ii brimrHtcaclierxand schoole 

HrCooln'And leacheri* enabfi-" tbc maunire- 
ment in ttelect eood leachersl'oriiaod ncbools. 
Small fee in chnriced the teacher ; no rharBC 
in made to the schaol. Keliab'e scboolsHeek- 
tDir teacIierH. and well qualified, reliable 
leacherM seekinic places are wanted for our 
liHtH. No otbeFH ueed apply. Address PKN- 
REAC. 'ZOZ Broadway. New York. 

A FEW HCNnREDgood schools called on us 
(lurlnK '9>t lor commercial, shorthand, pen art 
wnd drawlriK teachers. Many more will call In '97. 
Do you want one ot these places? Now Is the time 
roKetlnUne. good places don't " ro beting" long. 
81.50 enrolls for a year. We have calls from all 
parts of the United States and Canada, 
Write today lor particulars. Srho 
the bcHt teachefH, will And It to theli^l 
forrespond with us. 8» 

rlifht teacher tn the right pi 

by leading educator!^. Kindly 

of a teacher. W. T. PARK-*. Jlg.^ -v, 

Bureau, Charles Block, Denver. Colo. 

particulars. Schools destrinir 

III find It to their Interest to 

Services free. To put the 

■ i our aim. Endorsed 

rrlte us when In ni'ed 

, Equitable Teachers' 



3 spend a. few 

Cdllege. Nasliv 

i; lady who Is a fine penman, 
;e, well educated, who desires 
t the Tenn. Centennial, which 
les In Oct. Addre ' " 
lughon's Practical 
. Of Texarkana. Tex 

BUREAU. »0^ Broadway. N. Y. 

The 1807 employment season Is now open a 
have several calls for te; ' 
lat. Many more, of eoi 
next six month*. Ma-. 

i begin work Sept. 


k' of t 

r of V 


Invest. Bond given for Investment and good salary 


Two for Pa. school. One for Ohio school. One for 
Pa. school. One for Southern school One for Fa. 
school. One for N. Y. school. One for Pa. scbooi. 
One for Pa, school. 

For New York Commercial School. 

ECLECTIC. -Ohio, com'l also; N 
openluK; No. D.. Teach 
MaM».t W'ls. I Has. 

short. Mast)., pen. and com't. Mass.. all-'ound 
man as teacher and manager, (aa.. math, and book- 
keep. Wis., prln. of bus. debt, on shares Fla., 
com'l and ornamental pen. Tex., all-round com'l 
and Benn Pitman shorthand. Ind.. Pen. and short. 
Minu.. pen. and common nrancbes. Neb., pen. and 
com'l on shares. Pa., all-round strong man lover 

Y.. good 
In school ; 

,„, Pa., al! 

arltn:. gram; and com'l If called upon : Wis., ali 


Westi... ^ - « 

all-around teacher and B« 

, Eng. and 

and BennPimiuusuiy.i- 
Benn Pitman; N. ^ .. Isaac 

K. Y., male 

Texas, ». .-<».«» 
hand: Mo., pen. 
PI tin an. 

MUNSON.-Ind., also pen. 

PERNIN.— Pa., also Ellis Bookkeep. 



Ind., Graham or Pitman and pen.: Haus., pen.. 
com'l, short.; Neb., short, and pen.; Ind.. snort, 
and pen.; \V. Va.. shorthand, typewrltlngandarlth; 
N. Y.. commercial and shorthand; Conn., nrst- 
class teacher (man preferred! some uon-posltlon 
system ; Mu8S., Dement or Graham ; N. V .. also 
book, arlth etc. WEST STATE.— Shorthand, Ellis 
System Book., law and gram. 


N. Y., com'l and shorthand. Neb., com'l teacher, 
good disciplinarian. Pacific <?oast. all round com I. 
Pa., pen and com'l. Fla., com'l. Md., pen., short- 
hand and tvpewi-lllng. Mass., pen .and assist In uook- 
keeping. Fla., com't and Engllsn. Mo., pen and 
com'l. O., com'l. Ivhom., all-round com'l teacher, 
need not be fine penman, strong, experienced man 
wanted. Pen..iom'land i. Pitman shorthand f-rHlKh 
S'-hooUnearNewYork).$l,0Ui»forl0mo3. N.\ ..Pen. 
and book. W. Va., all-round com'l teacher as man- 
ager of small school. N. Y., all-rouno teacher (com'l 
and shorthand). Ten«., young penman to teach and 
take bus. and short, courses In part pm t. IS. H., 
all-round man as manager ana teacher. _N. J., 
roup all-rouud man and poorl pon " 

A'ho Is good penman: 31" 
'1; Pacific Const, all-i 
ni'l (need not be One ] 

first-class all-round i 


Information about sue 
nain unHUed will be ! 

Blanks and partlcule 

ivho understands 

these vacancies as 
to all who register 

^d Upon application. 

business (^opportunities. 

IF YOU WANT to reach penmen, commercial 
school proprietors and teachers supervisors of 
writing and drawing, etc., The Jocrnal's want col- 
umns will put you In communication with them. 
Possibly you have a pen, Ink, penholder or something 
of the kind to put on the market. You may want a 
partner for some business enterprise, ete. This Is the 
column to put you In conmmnlcailon with the right 

The price is S*j..'SO each insertion fonids. 
not to exceed one inch. If two inNertions 
be paid for in advance (S.*}) the ndvertixer 
win be entitled to a third insertion free, if 


Scbooi jFurniture an& Supplies 
jfor Sale or lEjcbanoe. 

ARE YOU puttnii; In nrw riiniltiin-, .md would 
you like to .INpu..- of >n„r ni,l furnltuiv? Are 

another school 
ethlng you 
.■'t In Tlili 

like. They 
need for them, or may 

Thk Journal 

vants to buy or sell school furniture, i 
id. In this column will reach him. 
The price Is SI .50 each lusei 

be i>nid for in 


few years by conducting 
ge on business prlni ' ' 
_ iks ? Read the followl: 
Tits of our work have bccnr 

N. Y. 

teacher for larue s 

Een. depts 
Ph., all-r< 
i lish and arl 

1.1. Mn 



We have over four thousand vacancies for teachers each season— several times as many vacancies as 
members. We must have more members. .Several plans : two plans give free registration ; one plan GUAR- 
ANTEES a satisfactory position for the coming Fall. Ten cents, sliver or stamps (the regular price Is 25 cts. ), 
pays for a 100-page book, explaining the different plans, and containing a complete 8500.00 Prize Story, o 
true and charming love story of College davs. No charge to employers for recommending teachers. Address 
KEV. DU, O. M. SUTTON, A. M., Pren't and Manager, Southern Teachers' Burenn, LOHlHville, Ky. 







It denotes Pleasure, Convenience 
and Genuine Satisfaction. 

>^ t^ 





Unequalled, Unapproached. 

*|00 to all alikg: 

Tn ToaphorQ '■ nRAr..HoN's practical Book- 
lU ICdullClo KiEiiN.. Illustrated," for 
and nthOrQ HoMfsruDVandforuseinliterary 
dllU UUICIOi sclio(,ls and business coUeEes. 
SiiCLLSsfully used in ti^neral class work by teacTiers 
who HAVii NOT had liie advantage of a business 
education. Wiil not requite much ot the teachet's 
time. Nothing lilce it issued. Price in reach of all. 

OVER ^^J^^^^,,^ Orders 
400 A^Zn Received 


favorably known that 
*►■" nubile justice^ cc 
tory m the Unit 
tory. Hence we 
amouijt or territory 
sons who desire to on 
pared and ha 

ciples and by 



hools and persons we will give the right 
our complete cour-'e of bookkeepi ' " 

our complete lltie of publications I 
Schools that make such arrangement wiiu us imu lui- 
low our advice, will receive written applications from 
business firms most everv dav for bookkeepers and 

instruction In .. „ _ . 

strongly and generally Indorsed by bu 
than others ar "'" " ' ''""' 

practical bool 
Uon.s uf the I 

rles, for one booK on bookkeeping at ?!0.00 
Not one copy in one hi 
00 colleges and teachers purchased 

and merchants from all 
s foreign c 

4' trial. 

> hundred is 

copies of 

r late li 

in thirty <i 
s well advei 

I prii 

■ and intermedin 

Where * 

i of 

vertlsed Itls almost an ofCsett 

owing our agents the full 
sale. For particulars 

benefit of their Immensi 
dressJ. P.DRAUGHON. I 
Business College, Nashville, 

plate engraving ; thousands of c 

a hustling advertiser. Addn 

Scbools jfor Sale, 

WANTED. -To sell, a modern, well equli 
extensively advertised Business, si 

and Penmanship College, located In an Ohio city of 
20,000 people. LatKe and most excellent school ' 

rltory to draw from. Reason for selling, pre;. 

owner's wife must go West for her health. $1,.500 
will buy the entire school, which is about one half ' 


real value. A big bargain to the buyer. Don't 

nless you can pay 91.000 caslr ■■ 

EUREKA," care Penman's Art Jc 

SCHOOL FOR »<4LE.-8500 will buy asch.. 

third inacrtiou 

FOR »AI>E.-One 
cost »20 and has ue 
Hall Typewrtter, 818, c 

free, if desired. 

new Odell Typewrltei 
ver been used. Also oi 

^*^^n nd- 


Result of 21 years' experience. 
OneDnllar per Gross or Ten Cents per Dozen. Send 
for a Iritil Order To-dnv ' " " ' 
Y. M. C. A. Bldg. H 

. H. ROBINS. Wichita. Kan. 


Read this and learn how you can get THE 
EDUCATOR, one year or longer. ABSOLUTELY 

We have begim Issuing what we Intend shall be ihi 
best 25-cent edition ot t "- 
authors ever offered d 
printed in Inrse I 

Knges eaeli, are 
[-nihir.aud tiie co 
The books are those of : 
all people should read 
they are as good as 5( 

e classical v 
that pr.ce 

The books 


I books that 
t .■liilm that 

leatherette binding and nu 

Our Great PremiuDi oner. 

ient us we will send ABSOLUTELY 
one book from the list given below: 

1 that If you send 75 cents for The Edu- 

vlthout the Sup: 

vo books. If you send 
tsvou get three books i 

n two years, or for your 

I In Pennsylvania. 

IBO students in attendance. Addn^^ 

^OR S A LE.— A Business College In Ohio will 1 

iiall capital. School I 

sold. Don't write i 

best locations I 

school, thorough' 

d Teaihers. Sample 

, Wrilc for nricijs and 

Special Advaiilagcs, 

lis paper). Address 

DRAUGHON'S Practical Business College, 

Nashville, Tenn,, or Texarkana, Texas. 
Prop. DraI'CHON— I learned bookkeeping at 
i( lilt Irom your book, while holding a position as 
iiL,hi telegraph operator." C. E. Leffingwell, 
Bookkeeper for Gerber & Ficks. 

Wholesale Grocers. S. Chicago. 111. 


lOR S41iE.— A thoroughly equipped business 

•ollege, located I 


annfacturlug New _ 
I suburban population o 

lan. Address "NOPJEBErrEB," Wor 

3for Sale or UraC'e. 

USE Our Ledger & Linen Papers. 

Sample Book Free- Cnuie Br<.s., Wo'^tGcLi, M^is-*. 


ule. LLC'V E. KEL.L,ER. Duluth. Miii 

II club subscriptions taken i 

1 nre eettlng the books or the paper 
■c, whichever way you prefer to con- 
I I w[ ihr hooks are being sold at 25 
. M. \.r (111 single subscriptions to 

mti ?.l; (m Tin: 


Natban'l Hawthorne. 

William C. Bryant, 


Ralph W.Emerson. 
Henry W.Longfellow. 






I I KEE If yousub- 

rilllS I'OETIOAI^ 


I Edgar Allan Foe, 




; Thomas Hughes. 



Nathan'l Hawthorne. 

__ , __ for examination, THK 

iATOR siionbr be Indlnpei 
on to the Current Topic 

For teachers preparing 

matter, tbe Method 

the bent "devices of the month on 

mclhi.d work and ncIiooI economy. It also con- 
tains the L'niforni Kxunilnatlon ({uestiouH and 
Answers of New York State as thoy occur. 
,, N. Y., I- 

E Educa 

Ton - 

in books : 

nd I a 

, wholesome 

all teachers 

might avail ther 
Ing them. 


"' ^'*W**^' 



■ipal Onel 

Add re PS 


35 Exchange St., BUFFALO, N. V. 


^ was the PEHNIN shorthand select^ 
J High School 

e all others to be taught In t 


\Y/l_,, J Hfgh school wh( 

W IIV • has It been ado 

" / High School! of 

<lo thousands of Btenographerfl 

are hundreds of writers of th* 

did It receive the exclusive WC 

Because ? ?;t; 

Brooklyn. N. T. 
pupils are studying 
been adopted by over 500 of the leadlnif Universities, CoUeges. Academies and 
* * / *■ iilgh Schools of the country within the past 5 or 6 years ? 
do thousands of stenographerfl use and recommend It enthuslafltlcally everywhere " 
Eire hundreds of writers of the old shaded and position systems changing off to th 
illd It receive the exclusive WORLD'S FAIR award of MEDAL and DIPLOMA 7 

convinced of Its SUPERIOR MERITS and adopted It 


K shorthand, quickly learned. READ LIKE PRINT, 


It hiiH no SHADING, 
BECAUSE It can be lea 
They feel the need 
It was adjudged t 

'ed. and adapted i 
8lgii9. vowels follow 

preheuslou of 

or'/, and 

'< 12 WEEKS Instead of MONTHS and YEARS. 
if a more facile and legible shorthand, 
e BEST of all shorthand systems In use. 
Complete SELF-INSTRUCTOR, $2.00. Monev refunded If not satisfactory. Lessons by M.UL If 

Complete SBl,r-ini?si-«.i!»ii "".,*■=■';"■ '"""^1, i 

rfesfred. WrlU' H. M. PEKMN. Author. Detroit. Mich. 

I Aw A New Light! 

^-^\[^\ The X-Ray ,"/, Shorthand World. 

•) Every St ATB 

The American College and Public 
School Directory 

Contaitts Cla»aific4l Lists and Addresses for the entire 

. Colleges. Female f 

7. Schools of Med 
opathlc. 8. Schoi 

ir. Eclectic and Honice- 
ry. 9. Schools of Phar- 
nts. 11. CountySuper- 
. City Superintendents. 
Gathered from 

Orhclal Sources and revised Ut date of h 
Price. 85.00 Net. 

C. H. EVANS & CO., 





THE STENOCRAPH;rrrr;r,:;'sZSii 

Quickly learneri : no strain of eyes, haud or bndy 
Work uniform, accurate, easy and reliable. Send fo 
Circular. Machines rented on trial. 


PriccUcduced to S'.45. S-tf St. I^ouIh. Mo 

munson Sbortband 

m of Phonography • 

This new text book gives all the 
instruction necessary to qualify 
one to do the best shorthand work. 
Price post paid, §2.00. Liberal dis- 
count to schools 

Phonographic news and teacher 

J. E. Munson, Contributing Editor. 
Eight pages of Muuson phonog- 
raphy each month. $1.00 per 
year ; single copy, 10 cents. . . . 


munson Phonographic 
Publishing Co,, * * 




Valuable and complete as a text-book. 

5aiiiple copied aOc. Send for circular. Address 


13 Cliulon Av.„ . . Albniiy, N. 



Is now Contributing Editor of the 

piDflsos Piioiioyiapiiii! Kews aod Teacher. 

Mr. Mnnson writes exclusively for this magazine. Each mimber con- 
tains phonography written in accordance with the • ' Complete Phonographer " 
and the " Art of Phonography," and matter helpfnl and interesting to 
stndents. teachers and stenographers. 

No Munsonite with any sense of loyalty or self-interest 
sfiould fail to become a permanent subscriber. 

i^nmplc copy, lo cents; a year'.-i subscription, $i.oo; Munson's 

Xew hook, the "Art of Phonography" (postpaid), $2.00; 

this book and a year's subscription, $2.75. 


WALWORTH & CO., Publishers, 

J08-nO East I25th St., New York City, i 

OF 5ALT." 

Krfraet from the Shovfhaud and 
Typewriting Prospectus of the 

Orleans. La. 

"NO ONE CAN AFFORD to spend time aud money in experiments with ill- 
constracted and inferior systems. Systems that cannot be easily and correctly 
read when written are not to be relied on. A careful inspection and comparison of 
the different systems should be made by every aspirant of Shorthand honors, and 
the system possessing the greatest merit should be selected. The pretentious 
claims of the light-line or non-shading systems should be considered "with many 
grains of salt." and the crude, awkward, and indistinct forms of many of the alpha- 
betical characters, so diflBcult ti> make and so often impossible to read, shonki be 

noff,l ,n»f nnifrasfril irifh fhr pcrfrrf. flisfiHrt, nisihi ,rriiln> (DhI casHq rrn,J rharac- 

tf'rs nf fh,' Isaac Pitman System. All un„-sh>i'h'u</ mnl rn,nn;'firr mn-.-l s>f.<ifem.s 

(irv <},h'rtirr, tiiul fur i»frrinr /,, i},r haur l'lt>»nu. n-iih ,(s jHrf.rl .»//.Ar/^.7, and 

many points cf superiurity over all other sjstem;;." 

THE MOST SATISFACTORY way to test the merits of any text-book is to 
give it a fair trial iu the class-room. 


was adopted three years ago in the Public Day Schools of New York City, and 

has been re-adopted each succeeding year. A gratifying testimony to the rare 
merits of any text-book. 


"We take pleasure in wiitinsjr you in regard to the morvrMm» mvn sx 
ive are having with the Isaac Pitman system, aud especially the. (/nod 
results obtained since we put your new ■ Complete Phonographic In- 
structor' into the hands of our students."— HaHward's Shorthand and 
Bus. Coll., St. Louis. Mo. 

21^" New Edition of this Work now ready. A Fall Revision to date. 253 pp. 
Handsome red cloth and gilt lettering. Price, §1.50. Specimen pages free. 

Practical Works for Every Shorthand Student. 

Pitman's Shorthand Dictionary. 

Ready. Complete He- 

Business Correspondence in Shorthand. 

Nos. 1 and 3. Containing actual business 
letters, in shorthand. Keyed in ordinary 
type, and the matter counted olT into sections 
for speed-testing in either shorthand or type- 
writing. Specially for Isaac Pitman writers, 
but of value to writers of any system. Each 
4f) payes. Price, each, 30c. 

Seventh Edition 
vision to Dnte. 
forms for 60,(ll)i) 
prehensive Dirti 

" Tncludes all tl 
litpratui-e, as vvi 

haudsome voliiii 

the Shorthand 
Miilished. Send for 

lC:^*'Send for 16-page Catalogue and "A Convincing Comparison." Liberal 
Discount to Teachers, Schools and the Trade. Correspondence solicited. Address 


The Phonographic Depot, - - - 33 Union Square, New Yorit. 

Have You 
Engaged Your 
Shorthand Teacher 
For the Next School Year? 

If not you will soon have to consider the matter of renewing your old 
contracts or making new ones. If you employ a teacher of shorthand 
at all you, of course, want a good one. Perhaps you are not a short- 
hand writer yourself and do not feel the most perfect confidence in your 
own judgment in selecting a teacher of this important branch. In this 
case we can help you. 

The Phonographic Institute publishes the Benn Pitman System 
of Phonography (called by the National Bureau of Education The 
American System of Shorthand), and it has a special department for 
the examination of teachers by the founder of the system and authors 
of the text-books, and for the certification of such as are found to possess 
a competent knowledge and skill in the art. 

It works, therefore, like this : If the candidate for the place you 
have to fill holds our certificate, you know /a' is all right ; if he does not 
hold it you know lie may be all right. Write to us for a complete list of 
certified teachers open to engagement. We will send you a full descrip- 
tion of our plan of examination ; also full information concerning the 
Benn Pitman system. 

The Phonographic Institute Company, 





The WRITING Teacher will give you more and better ideas of 

riting. than any book published. Only .iO copies left. Pm-chase it 

- —any penmen got their " origmal ideas. Price ^l. .^lono- 

F. J. TOLAND, La Crosse, Wis. 

Two original works 
w to learn or teach \ 
(1 you will learn where a gr« 




And- No Less Good for Students and Intelligent 
People Generally. 

iible boohH to 


Did you know of this college? The idea thut gave It birth was one of the most brilliant 
educational conceptions of our day-Chautauqua made more practical, brought nearer down to 
date, and in even closer touch with the best educational, scientiflc and literary thought of the day. 
Nevertheless, this brilliant scheme seems not to have succeeded financially— the history of many 
another really good enterprise. 

What remains of the college now is a great mass of matter, rich in everything pertaining to 
literature and pedagogics. This has been carefully edited and published in book form. 

There are a number of different books, uniform in size <about 5J^ x 9-130 pages), printed 
from clean, new type on extra hpavy paper throughout. 

An idea of the contents of these volumes may be had from hastily summarizing the captions 
of two or three. 

No, 1, for example, opens with a personal letter from Geo. W. Cable, the eminent novelist. 
An admirable "Ten Minute Talkto Voung Teacuers." by Geo. Howland. follows. Then there is 
*• How to Succeed in Literature," bv the Master literature-connoisseur of the English tongue^ 
Andrew Lansr. It is a gondiieiil out of an intelligent person' 

life not to have 

rji|)hy are two very graphic sketches— of whaUe- 
iier's celebrated essay on "Style in Composition " 
10 line of instruction are twenty four compact, 
i: :ilso lessons, hints, queries, examinations, etc.. 

Teachers ' Is b\ i ui 
scoreof the woihI - i 
Craik, Jean In^-rhiw 
Barr, Lew Wallii.L-. I 

Hawthorne, sir Ed w. ^. _ 

features are "How to Teach History," by Dr. Samuel Willard; "Thinking for One's .Self. 
Arthur Schopenhauer; "find and Means ni Teaching," by E. E. White; "School Discipline," by 
Dr. Larkin Ounton ; Biographical *»ketches of Shakespeare and Addison ; " A Study of the Teach- 

nicluding Prof. Huxley, Dinah Maria 
i>. Macdonald, Bret Harte, Amelia E 
t, Mark Twain, Wilkie Collins, Juliar 
. Riisscll Lowell and others. Among the othei 

of a 

.ingle lelt 
> 50- ( 


ole story 
Jit. The CO 

Subscription Rates. 

The Pexman's art Journal Is published In two edi- 
tions. The price of the regular edition is 50c. a year, 
without premium. It consists of a minimum of 
twenty pages. The price of the other editloa 
l3 Si a year, Including privilege of a premium. 
The %\ edition is known as the l:ieic& Edition 
and should be so designated. It is uniform 
with the regular edition, with four added 
pages containing news notes and miscellany. 

Unless the iVea-s EtWion is specially designated, all 
our references to The Journal, all announcements o( 
premium combluatlons, etc., apply to the cheaper 
edition. Our friends are requested to follow the same 
rule— that Is to say, to specify the News Edition when 
they have occasion to refer to it ; otherwise it will be 
understood that they mean the regular (cheaper) 

All advertisements go in both editions. 

Clubbing Rates. 

To Club Subscribers. 

if you have found the paper helpful we shoui 
:ompany nearly all the best known i 

erfere will 

I affor 

t ageni 

Regular I 

News Edition.— a subs. $1.20, 3 subs. >i. 65. 

HOLD good' until Oct. i. '97. 

Permanent List. 

eduction Jor the regular edition. 

A Beautiful Stick Pin. 

HE JOURNAL has had specially manufac- 
tured from its own cteslgn a very neat stick 
pin. toolTeraaa premium to subscribers. 
It is made In solid silver, also In solid gold. 
The siLVEtt PIS has the quill of solid ster- 
ling sliver, and the stick plupartof Q&r- 

The gold pis is aol! 
the stick part, which I; 


tor on. „.: 


ri'l ^rnd TH 



fcill eiUer 
end tiOLin 

For t«n .i,..i.,, - ,: . '■ ,11 ■<,->id two copies 0/ 
THEJornvAL an .ufffreiit addresses. It de- 
sired), for one year, and the SOLID GOLD 
PIN. Or we will send The Journai. for two 
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For three dollars, three subs, {or your 
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e deslrlLK to be placed 

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SPECIAL..— To those deslrlLK to be , 

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year. Present subscribers may have tlieir subscrip- 
tions extended and thus avail themselves of this offer 


Md) s: 


» fac-s 

F. U. March; "The Language of the World," with all the leading 


from the pen nf Frede 
Teachinif United States History.'' 
only flrst-class entertain 

Mary Sheldon Barnes discusses "The Best Methods nf 
Letters to Dead Authors," by Andrew Lang, furnishes not 
but much food for serioua thinking. Thackeray, Dickens and Edgar 
Allan Poe are the ones addressed. Sixteen pages of the book are devoted to the teaching of 
thmetic and an equal number to tho teaching of spelling. " The Language of the World " and 
low to Succeed in Literature " are in this volume, as well as in No. 2. 

Each of these books is well worth a dollar to atiy intelligent person. We have bought prac- 

s for" 5 


nd Normal schools irill find the subjoined combination offers of special i 

The Penman's Art Journal 

\n of 


nhic I 
all (lie 


al ed 

nal publicntiond combined. 

devoted to the interests of the teachers in public 

A large portion of its space each month 
schools. It keeps the teacher in touch with modern conditions and methods, conveys the latest 
information as to what other teachers are doing, reports progress on all new impulses (such as 
vertical writing' ; in a word. Hay ccuts* worth of PENMAIV'S ART JOCKIV AL kops 
furtlier and Is TresUer and more practical on all lines relating: to ppnuiauslil|i 
tliaii ton dollars* Avortli of any otbor combination of periodicals extant. Wc 
have set our pegs for fifty thousand new public school subscribers during- the year 'i)7. If wo get 
them {no matter at what cost this year) at least one hundred thousand will be with us next year 
at the regular price. Here goes ; 

For fifty cents* We will send Tbb Pbnuas's Art Joursal to any public school teacher for one year, 
together with one-quarter gross of the best school pens made. 

For seventy-five centsi We will send The Penmas's Art Joursal one year and give a year's sub- 
scription for any one of the following. Normal Instructor (new subscriptions only), Schoo/ flcrorrf, ;Va(fona/ 
F.dwator. The Educator, The Educational Independent. 

For one dollar. We will send Thb Penman's Art Journal one year and enter a year's subscription for 
any one of the followinK periodicals: Teachers^ World, Popular Educator, Primary Education, School Bulletin, 
Primary School, American Teacher. Schnnf Edvcatlon, Northire^tertt Joiirnal of Edumffon. Srhoot Gazette 

American Illusrrated, EducntionnI fii^-'-fr,- Tr,-<t,-r„ Tfnfhr'- I-.^rnVir, Join-nnf nf Fff„rnr,<'„ 

For two doIlorH, w.. \mII -- '..m ■■ t !■. -,^' - • - \ c i i ■■ i - \ ,.,,.,■■ ■■;'.-■■ Tt ion for 

ony (moof thefollowlnw I" M.iiiiL ,1- , . ' / ,/ .' i ' ' \v-.)ld, 

American Joun\al of Edu--' " 

Horn ' ■ " ■ 


This paragraph warked. means that your subscrip- 
tion on The Journal's Pennanent List («1) js 
due. The paper viU he continued until otherwise 
ordered. Subscriptions are invariably payable in ad- 
vance, and prompt remittance is requested and ex- 
pected, as the sending of a bill or letter involves an eo-- 
pense of at least five per cent, on the entire yross amount. 
Only subscribers for the News Edition taken at the full price 
inf at rliidhinp reductionl are eligible for entry on our Per- 


mplly a 

Changing Addresses. 

r by 1 


etting t. 

new address (which will cost you nothing), 
proper place direct, 
C:F~ Our subscription list is 
that lof can't change 
the name of post offi< 
last entered. 

Incorrect Addresses. 

kept by States, : 

address unless you tell ■ 

ichich you we 

e addie 




Agents Wanted Everywhere. 

Specimen Copies.— We d 

__ will any subacrlptlon bo 
jnxierBu uniesB accompanied with cash. 

Works of Instruction in Penmanship. 



i the (^iiide will be sent full bound In cloth. The 




iiie wuiut: 111 |j;ipf rseui as prem. wU 
Cloth as cts. extra. 

ly-Slips for :^elf-In8truciio 

.'enmanship.— This covers aboi 

round as the Guide, but instead of beln^li 

Pi-actlcnl Penmanship.— This covers about the 
same ground as the Guide, but instead of beln^ln book 
form it Is composed of movable slips progressively ar- 
ranged. This work also has had a very large sale in- 
dependently of its use as premium a' 

ivUI b 



Hbed Eagle 1^4^x32): Flourished iistair 
(i:4 X o*^); Centeuuioi Picture o( PvotrresH (24 
X 28); Garfield Memorial (10 x 24) : Grant 
and Lincoln Buloffy ('-24 x30); iMnrrlage Certi- 
ficate (11 X 14 : Family Record (18 x rJ). Choice 
of the above beautiful and elaborate pen designs (litho- 
graphed) sentas prem- for one sub. ($1). 

Ames* Book of Flourishes.— Size of book, 6H 
X lli^. Price, heavy manliia binding, 81 : cloth, with 
gold stamp, 9l.oU. 
Tt gives 125 beautiful designs, delicately printed 

' "" terpieces— by 72 _ _ 

win send the book 

in manliia binding as premium for i 

by 72 of 
. he book 
sub. and 10 


send the Book op Floitrishks in best cloth 
binding for one sub._ and 50 cents (?1.50, She price of 

3 and make checks, etc., payable 
to the 

, Pri' 

nnd flllly cents. We will send The Penbian's art Journal one year, also a year'; 

>l Joum^il or tile N. E. Journal of Education. 

It dtiTerent addresses if desired. If you are already a subscriber for any paper In e 

all other educational journals, you will say so to your friends among the public school teachers. 


202 Broadway, New York. 

Subscriptions for Penman's Art Jodbnal will be started with January, 1807, so as to include e 
serial instruction features, unless otherwise instructed. 




Office Routine and Bool(l(eeping 


A New Worl( on an Improved Plan by a New Author. 


A Practical Combination of Study and Practice. 

For the use of Commercial schools which desire practice 
work that does not involve bnsiness with an oflSce depart- 
ment, and for Commercial departments and 1. M. C. A. 

This work consists of a textbook, filled from cover to 
cover with practical things and embellished by superb cn- 
t^avings and packages of elegant bnsiness forms. 

Effort has been made to [provide the pnpil the greatest 
amount of practical knowledge and valuable and interesting 
jiractice with the least possible labor for the teacher. 

The book and forms will be completed and ready for 
delivery by May 1. Specimen pages and samples of the 
forms will be mailed to the address of any commercial 









To accompany these we have 
BLANK BOOKS— Several Arrangements, 

BUSINESS FORMS-A Great Variety, 
PENS— Three Numbers, 

PAPER, Etc., Etc. 

M To Teachers and 
Principals of Schools: 

Do you wish to use books that are 
practical and up to date ? Of course you 
do, and want the best. Have you ex- 
amined the books mentioned in the adjoin- 
ing column ? If not, you should do so be- 
fore deciding upon text-books for the com- 
ing year. These books have been adopted 
by many of the leading schools through- 
out the country, and their superiority is 
acknowledged by thousands of progressive 
educators. You are requested to corre- 
spond with us in regard to the merit of 
these publications. 



graph combiued. 
Plain English 

t lanRuagf , discarding usefess 

-" whleht^ -' 

3 laryely 


popular book of 
(ssous of 20 won 
Dictation exercises, 

Practical Shorthand, 

eminently practical and complete. It 

coutalus 50 full pa(j( '' ■ 

sliortliaud, and nearl; 
Braved lllustratioos. 
Commercial Law, 

systematically arranged and fully 
Ifiustrated. Valuable alilte as a text- 

The Practical Text Book Company, 






CJ^rj9/c»r /tt9P sr am£J <j 



Peirce School. 

TEST PROBLEMS is the title of a col- 
lection of business problems that has just been 
issued. Its nucleus is the little volume issued 
by Doctor Peirce a few years ago, which met 
with much favor among teachers and business 
students. In its amplified form, it should meet 
with a cordial reception. Sent postpaid for 
twenty-five cents per copy. 

Send for Descriptive Catalogue of Publications. 


917-9x9 Chestnut Street, Pbiladelpbia. 


I. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (Complete Edition), with and with- 
out answers. The Standard Arithmetic Retail price, |1.50 

a. COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC (School Edition), containing the essen- 
tial part of the complete book Retail price, |1. 00 


CORRESPON DENCE RetaU price, $1.00 

With proper discounts to Schools. 

of reading matter. Prepared by Mrs. L. H. Packard, nnder Mr. Mnnson's 
snpervision, and acknowledged to be the beet aids in the stndy of Mnnson 
Shorthand. Send for complete circnlar. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East 23d St, New York. 


Presenting the style of writing which prevails among Bookkeepers, Accountants^ 
and Copyists generally. This system is being received with very great favor ; it 
seems to solve the vexed qnestion of the kind of writing to be taught in public 
•chools. It is known as 

^^V^X'm'S Bdncational System of Intermedial 




Adopted and in use in the schools of .Ve«> York City, Brooklyn, A\ I'.. Hartford, 
Ct.. JVeic Haven, Ct., and other cities. The following unsolicited letter from the 
Teacher of Penmanship, Hartford, Ct., will be of interest to educators. 
H. P. Smith Publishinh Co. Hartford, Ct.. Dec. ?, 1896. 

GerillemeH ;— Your Now [ntermedial Copy-Books are givinR jrreat sjitjsfaction. Every 
teacher is loud ill praise of the style of the writing, and the character of the matter for practice. 
1 have never seen pnpils so carried away with new copy books in all mv teaching. 


In Preparation : Teachers' Manual. Series of Writing Charts. 
Specimen Pages Free, Correspondence Solicited. 


A series of commercial text books that are leliable in state- 
ments and sensible in arrangement. The requirements of busi- 
ness as well as the limitations of the class-room were kept con- 
stantly in view during; their preparation. 

Read what an Eminent Judge Says of One dp Them : 

• The copy of your 

book has becu received. I have cnrcfull 
late that I am much KintiBed n itii il." 
JIID(JE H. W. JOHXSOX, <»lln>va. III. 

When a Judge will carefully read an entire volume of a 
school book does it not argue that he was interested ? 


Look these books up— post yourself on them. It might 
surprise you to learn that you have not been using the best 
books you could find. Are you acquainted with our Business 
Arithmetic ? 

You will find it concise, yet nothing is omitted that is of 
importance. You should also have a copy of " How Business is 
Done." Price, $1.00. 

Will you want any DIPLOMAS this summer ? If so, 
you let us supply them — genuinely lithographed ones. 

Your correspondence and patronage is urgently solicited 


7 Monroe Street, Chicago. 

The Goodyear Publishing Company announce a complete 
revision of 

The Goodyear Commercial Series. 


THE ESSENTIALS OP BO0KKEei'ING~189H. Contalnlni? standard methods of accounting. 
THE THEOItV OP ACCOIINTS-Revised INHJ. Contalnlnu the same aa The Essentials, with 

added chapters on Corporations, Manufacturing, Commission, Real Estate aud Insurance, and 


? and attractive method of Intercon 


We have in press a complete revision of our Six Pamphlets for Office Training, which will be 
completed by July 1. 


Our Publications include six editions of Bookkeepinif and six different systems of Business 
Practice, makinif complete courses of Tbeury and Practice for Common Schools, High Schools, 
Commercial Schools, and ColleKes. 

Descriptive Catalogues and Testimonials Free. 


278 West Madison St., Chicago. 


Time, Money and Strength by careful diaorlnilnatlon 

and using the I 

books. They do 

! abreast with i 

simply to equip y( 

Smlthdeal's Grammar, Speller and Letter-Writer 
13 a splendid new text-book, covering In brief space 
tbese three important branches of study at less than 
one-half the usual cost of books on these lines. Ills 
probably Just what you need. Introductory price to 
teachers. 60 cts. ; regular retail price, 75 cts. Liberal 
discounts for the use of the books in large lots, 
biggest and bes 

; regular retail price, 7 
:ne use of the books in 1 
t business colleges In the 

H. P. Smith Publishing Co., 

11 East 16th Street, New York, N. Y. 

hundred copies and are enthuslas- 

._ ._ ements. A. P. Armstrong, Prln. 

Portland, Oregon. Business Collepe 

tic In their Indorsements. 


admirably adapted t 

Letter -Writer very much. I Intend to use it ; 
iilar text-book In our English course." Dr 
Nelson, Prln. Woman's College, Richmond, V 
" I have examined SmithdeaPs Grammar, Spol 
Letter-Writer and c 
ouKht to be on the rt 

]. F. Johnson Publishing Co., 

n,1.5S. Ele 

., Uiihn 

nil. Vi 

; 10!< i 


tSi.aOper renni. Cnsb n-ith ord< 
AI>IK!< 4: BOI.I.1NSON CO., 
20"i Broadway, N 

10 Iba., for !il.<10. 





Everything for Schools 


Address us for Prices and Terms. 
L. B. McCLEES i. CO., 




What Others Think and Say" 



To Students, Teachers and Candidates for Positions: 

Mailcii'lo yoip*<daress FREE for the 



To the Senders of The Penman's Art Joiirnnl. 

Let me impreSSuipon your minds that you need my compettdinm of penmanship. 
First the mind miiSkiave a vivul conception of w]ja»,«- calls upon the hand to ex- 
ecute ; and the mind Is-developed thloueb^tB?' medium of the eye : and if the 
image stamped upon the miii.l is to he ineffaceable, bow very important it becomes 
that this image should be perfect in all . if its par; s. Careful training in the formation 
of letters, and stocking the mind with the proper imagery, hand, eyes and mind 
will at once be employed in the right direction : mind and muscle will begin to 
work in unison, and your penmanship will immediately improve. No one can get 
a thorough knowledge of letters without analysis. 

You need my compendium because it is Actually Self Teaching. The profession 
need this compendium because it contains the most elaborate ornate work, the most 
beautiful and perfect combinations of capitals for models to practice from the world 
has ever seen : accuracy is coupled with speed, making it the most desirable work 
ever pnbhshed. Are you a pubhc school teacher? My compendium is sure help to 
you, and you need it. 


A. D. TAYLOR says ; " It ought to have the biggest sale of anything on earth." 

"Allow me to congratulate you upon the beauty and practleabllity of your coniDendlum Everv nppismi 
interested In penmanship should have a eopy ot It." B. SI.lVOBTHINOi'ON. 65 nS (5lark St!. ChleagS.Tll 

?.f.?')i"."i'°?.°'.'??.??l2f.P;?"?''?'''_l! Is Ji; admirably well Braded compendium 

ot copies and 

' H. H. St 

e of students Viio iiave'i'ile'w'iLL 

A. H. HIN'MAN. w'or'o"eiter,TraS." 
n's compendium of penmanship and take pleasure In stating that 
obtain good resultV^' - -•" '^ ''"" ■" ' "''"'S'l^aSSWAK'.l! Wo'Af^eT Xl'-'Sf" 
" 1 am Indeed more than highly pleased with your compendium, and have no hesitancy In saving thAf it 


suited t 

You are doubtless striving to reach the highest attainable 
standard to ensure your abundant success in the near future. 

Do you realize the necessity of good Penmanship as a 
part of your equipment ? 

You cannot afford to take any risk when "ELLS- 
ON PENMANSHIP" can be procured. 

It contains more than all other works and is up to 
date and ahead. 

It costs no more than a pair of good shoes. Oo 
without the shoes rather than without this valuable 
book, which will qualify you for an increase of wages 
each month of the year of more than its cost. Are you 
WISE or otherwise ? 

A sure and simple way to get it is to deposit $2.00 
with your nearest Express agent, with request, and it wiU 
come by return express. If you prefer, you can send an Ex- 
press or P. O. Money Order direct to us by mail, with the 
same result. 


103 Duane Street, New York. 




'.. BRIDGES. Leesvllle, S. C. Bus. 

Address H. H. STUTSMAN, Los Angeles, Ca l. 

Eagle Shorthand Pencils. 

No». 272 and 273. 

Patented April 24th, 1804. Eejfistered April 2sth. 1,194. 

Round, Natural Polish, Stamped in Silver. 

Packed one dozen in a package and half gross in a box. 

The patented special finish prevents the fingers from slipping, and secures ease 
and comfort to the writer. 

The lead is of an extra fine quality, smooth and durable, and has been specially 
prepared for the use of Shorthand Writers. 

No. 272, Grade No. 2, Medium; No. 273, Grade No. 3, Hard. 

Snmples sent to Shorthand Writers, Teache 
free of cliarge. 

and Business Colleges, 


377-379 Broadway, New York. 

_§ssrnO Verticular and Vertigraph. 

These Pens have been especially designed lor Vertical Writing, after a formula 
careful stud.v of rcjuircd conditions. 

\ed at by 

JOSEPH GILLOTT & SONS, 91 John St., New York. 



12x15 inches, one dozen, all dif- 
ferent designs, sent post-paid for 

19x23 inches, six different designs, 
sent post-paid for . - . . 


BLANK CARDS ""-<!.">" 

■*■■■""* WmHWW Wedding Bristol 

All Cards sent E« 



W .70 l.sii l"-eb5 uoiieci, 

3^ .SO 1..50 Samples and Cir 

»!» .90 1.70 culars 

»!s .SO 1..^0 4,. siamis 

1. sat.\3S« .!(o 1.70 'c. stamps. 

WM. FREUND 1 SONS. 156 Stale St.. Chicago. 

4.^. ? Joi^RNAL has had so many calls for faa-similes of engrossed resolutions, etc 
that we have collected a number of photo-engraved artist proofs (some of them' 
shghtly soiled) of this class of work executed in The .JournIl office, and will send 
*'^wr,°lu'"' ""''"■'"" ^'^^ (all different) or six of the large size for One Dollar 
While these specimens are not of very recent production, ( being alUine-no brush 
work) they contain many ideas about lettering, arrangement and display, that will 
be ot benefit to any one who does engrossing. There are but a few sets, so those 
who would like them should send m their dollars right away. Be Wise To-day. 

PENMAN'S Art Journal, 

202 BR OADWAY , |\|EW YORK. 

That the Fountain Pen is fast displacing the steel pen and lead pencil m many of the leading Shorthand Schools and Business 

Colleges is a matter of fact. 


lZTatV,rEVER V^roo"/ to Who""'''' """T::"' "^ '"«""'' """^'^ "'"^'' "■"''^ »■"' P""-"" ""^ ""'«<='-■> »' ^^'^"^ implements We 
rnro'd"rifs ' iauufm caul^^Iie nililed orreTuett^ ""' "''"'°' "" """''' °"""°^ ■■'■^'— -''• ^« —» to hear from yo.ZToZl 

THE PARKER PEN CO., loo Mill Street, Janesville, Wis. 



About three years ago we decided to go into the copy-book business. 
We started out to make the best series of Vertical and also of Standard 
Copy-Books ever published. During all this long period we have had 
the very best talent engaged upon both series. We have paid out over 
$15,000.00 for expert talent, before even the first book was printed. 

Sheldon's New System of Sheldon's New System of 

Vertical Writing Standard Writing 

In Ten Numbers, with 


Vertical Copy-Book 
ten nui 
and 96 
rrs' M 


, pni 

/, price 

, Si. 00 for The set 


the school- 

Heretofore Vertical Copy-Books have 
simply presented copies 10 be imitated. 
The result has been that the scholars 
have learned to slowlv draw imitations 
of the copies set. We have employed 
the best skill in teaching which has here- 
tofore been used only m preparing the 
Standard Copy-Books. The result is 
that we have a perfected course \n Move- 
ment Exercises, in which the scholar is 
taught the most rapid and perfect waj of 

T/ie Standard Copy-Books are 
twelve numbers. Price, 7: 
96 cents per dozen. This s 
Teachers' Manual, price, 7 
two Charts for the school-) 
Ji.oo for the set. 


aking the lette 
and rapidity in lormini 
acquired, the result be 
beautiful Vertical hand' 

until perfect facility 
■ letters 

system is a i 
the methods employed by 
in our best business colleges, 
features are Movement Practice c 
with form lessons; easy, grac 
legible script ; the teaching of 
position. Combined arm ar 
movement is used in the Eh 
Course, leading to the muscul 
ment in the Grammar Course. 

pert pe 

Its special 


SHELDON & COMPANY, New York k Chicago. 

A. M. EDWARDS, N. E. Agent, 364 Washington St., Boston. 


"'y / V — 

above is reduced from one of the many diploma designs that we 

ry in stock. Full size was 18 x 23 inches. Also smaller size. 

We can furnish at a moderate cost Diplomas, Certificates, etc., 

Adapted to Any Kind of School in existence, whether one or a thou- 

and be required. Full particulars with catalogue etc., if you send us the 

AMES & ROLLINSON CO., 202 Broadway, New York. 











...Standard Typewriter. 


A maximum of Durability, Convenience 

and Economy, with a minimum 

of machinery. 

S \ for New Illustrated Catalogue. 


Wyckoff, Searaans & Benedict, 327 Broadway, N. Y. 

Nothing Can Budge the Budgets 

They came as a novelty in arrangement and design. They 
remain as a necessity, for their novel presentment of the 
business papers of a business and conversations and instruc- 
tions of proprietor and partners were found to give the 
student tiiat whicli he most needed, and never had before 
— the actual experience of a bookkeeper from the start, 
in addition to a clear understanding of the principles of 
debit and credit as involved in each transaction disposed of. 
He sees things as the practical man sees them. He is 
addressed in the language of the Counting Room. He 
comprehends his records not as suppositions but as facts. 

The Budget System 

has real merit over all, which explains why it has sur- 
passed all other publications in the number of adoptions in 
high grade schools. 

it is suitable wherever bookkeeping is taught. It supplies 
a fund of practical information never before available in the 
school room. It teaches bookkeeping as it is practiced. 
The International Business Practice is used in schools which 
never before had a satisfactory guide — with perfect satis- 
faction, so they write us. You write to us arfd we will 
tell you all about it. 

Investigate now for the coming Fall. 

12 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 

Lessons in Rapid Business Writing. 

NEW YORK, MAY, 1897. 


No. .;. 

About Vlnger Action, 

A number of Journal readers have wi-itten ask- 
iufi; if we use any finger movement in our writing. 
Yes: there is a certain sympathetic action of the 
fingers in conjunction with the arm movement that 
is really beneficial in writing, although the tendency 
with beginners is to use too much finger action. 
We endeavor to have our students first acquire a 
free arm movement before much finger action is 
allowed. The question as to whether or not we 
shall use our fingers, and .iust how much or how 
little, is not the real issue, as many would have you 
believe. The main point is to teach the pupil to use 
the arm in writing, and after that has been accom- 
plished he can usually make more rapid progress if 
the fingers are called somewhat into play. 


Loops are easily made if the right motion is used 
in producing them. In the construction of the loop 
we find the right curve and the straight line. For 
exercise work we have given the direct oval com- 
pact exercise, made narrow ; also the oblique exer- 
cise. Make these exercises fill one-half large space 
in height. Do not get careless in practicing the ex- 
ercises, but work patiently, even if some parts of the 
work grow monotonous. Now combine the curve 
and straight line and make the loop, counting "1-2." 
Bring the second stroke right down to the base line. 

One of the principal faults in forming the loop is 
in making the first line too straight. It should be 
quite a decided curve, then make the downward line 
practically straight. The two lines should cross 
about one-third the height of loop and be careful not 
to make them too long. Try to shorten the loops. 
Perhaps a little finger action would help you in 
making these, but let the main motion come from 
the arm. 

The l^oundation. 

Unless you can wi-ite all the one space letters 
readily with the muscular movement you will have 
a very poor foundation upon which to build loop 

T/ic " (. ■' 

The "/" is an excellent drill tor concert class 
work when a number of letters are combined. Count 
one for each letter and write five without lifting the 
pen. The word copies will be found valuable to in- 
troduce the loop in connection with one space let- 
ters. Several pages should be written with each 
word, and try to maintain a free movement. 
The '•;.," 

Start with the loop and finish with the last part 
of the ■• m." Combine five letters and count " 1-2 " 
for each. Whenever the movement becomes cramped, 
go back to the obli \\\e exercise and work the arm 
lively. Pay close attention to the word copies. 

The -k," 

■ The last part of the " A.- " can better be illustrated 
tlian explained. Study carefully the finishing part. 
Next combine two, three and finally six letters. 
Count"l-2." Write two pages of each word. Com- 
pare yoivr work with the copy often. Look for the 
principal faults in your work and then do your best 
to correct them. 

The "b," 

Spend some time in getting the correct idea of the 
formation of the " b." You will notice the last part 


of this letter is the same thing as a portion of the 
■'*it'." Combine six and count " 1-2.'" In writing 
the word copies, try to secure good form as well 
as a smooth and nniform stroke. 
The "/'." 

" Drill on the oblique exercise and make it just the 
length of the *'/."' A combination of the loop and 
the lower ]>art of the *'(/" will produce the "/•" 
Count one for each letter and be sure the down line 
is made nearly straight. In all loop letters some 
space should be left between the top of the loop and 

the blue line above. If any letter or word seems 
very difficult, that is the one you should practice 
on most. 

Criticism Column. 

[Note.— Please see that full postage is placed on specimens 
sent for this department. No cbarge is made to Journal 
subscribers for criticisms in this column. Should you desire 
personal criticism, send me 25 cents and a ^-cent stamp and 
your work will be carefully criticised and returned to you, 
together with a letter written in my best business style. Ad- 
dress all communications to E. C. Mills, Rochester, N. Y.] 

The finest specimens of movement work received for the 
month come from Mr. E. H. Graver, Ebensburg, Pa. Please 
notice specimens of Mr. Graver's work engraved and printed 
elsewhere in this number of The Journal. We hope this 



work may be an iDspiration to others, and that they will try 
to do an weU 

A. B. L.. Pine Point. Maine.— You need to practice carefully 
oD the small " c " and aliw> on the final " r." In making the 
latter and also the ■■i/,\"do not bring the last stroke down 
too far. The general appearance of your writing is excellent. 
Now watch for the little things. 

T. H. D., Jersey City.— Your speed work is good. Bring 
the finishing stroke of a word higher. Come every month if 
you possibly can. 

M. B. H.. Teacher, McDowell. Va— Would that every pub- 
lic school tea<-her would do the work vou are doing in vour 
school. Have your pupils continue to practice on the com- 
pu-t exercises. l>oth large and small, also review all the work 
in the previous lessons. Your work demonstrates that mus- 
cular movement can be successfully taught in the public 

Jos. H., Lawrence. Mass.— Writing is better size. Get it 
down Just a little smaller yet. Capital "A" made too wide 
and round. Wide spacing between small letters very good. 
Capital " E" shows that too much finger movement lias been 
used. Make it almost entirely with the arm movement. 
.• ^fj^\^ ^■' Mesa, Colo.— Use a lively'motion in making the 
Itithe first form, the two down lines should be made 
parallel. Small exercises among the Ijest received. 

H. H^ Ama, La.^udging from your practice page, I con- 
clude that you have failed to get the right idea of the founda- 
tion work,— the compact exercises. Now begin and do every- 
thing as outlined in the January Journal before you try 
anything more, and then I think there will be some hope for 

Lillian J, B., St. Joseph, Mo.— Your specimens were over- 
looked last month. Spend more time on the compact exer 
clses. Please send me some of your best efforts on the small 
exercises in February Journal. 

L.M. J, Ind— More drill on small compact exercises and 
much hard work on small letters in March number. 

Mabel, Crosscreek ViUage.-Make caiiitals smaUer and also 
continue the small exercise practice, f am sure this kind of 
work will help your writing. 

W. H. W., Corwith, Iowa.— Writing too hirge and wild. Try 
to tame the muscles by practicing on small compact exer- 
cises Work covers too much space. Think as well as 

Charlie, IRingville. Minn.— A short time every day spent 
properly in pra<;tice will help you. so do not become discour- 
aged If you do not have much time for practice. You have 
a good foundation. For shaded work. Try Mr. Moore's les- 

,„™f ■ «^,' Boston, Mass-First form of " C" made too 
round. Make very light down lines in compact exercises and 
more work on lateral exercises. 

J. C. T., Bast Plymouth, Ohio.-By aU means begin work on 
the lessons at once, and send work for criticsm regularly. 
«£;'"■ ?.; R'X-'»'»t«'r.-Use arm movement on small letters 
tXH ^°^ accustom the arm to make smaU forms be- 

rore you use much finger action. 

„.?.^i'''?!?S.°?^- Cal.-Always write name on specimens. The 
capital £• too .slanting. Small letters and lateral exercises 
among the liest received. 

n^^'^^^"^ '":.?• Roi*fo>-d,-Try the wide spacing given in 
connection with small letters in March lesson. 5mit oil 
„ „^Vf. P'"'" ''•""ess writing. Use black ink and a better 
quality of paper. 

t,v!.l?„>^i'.„^'"''?i ni.-"Would yon advise me to practice ver- 
«!^ , ""^M^S ^'"''' Pri'-'icinB from your course in Th e JouH- 
o„„ ' 1.? • K^f. """ behove vertical writing would help vou 
S?^' 'J'"'™8J 'f you expect to become a teacher of penman- 
snip, It would pay you to be able to teach both styles 
„f„'^ii'v .?!.'',';• ^'^■-I'o away with "hook" on beginning 

SnoS"^^' /■ ?'"' ""!''" ■■ '■ ""d ■• » " nood to be improvel 
upon. Last work sent is much better. 

in^h^'^^M;,^"i!'","' ■*'»-?}'' some hard work on the capitals 
1*„„S March le.sson. Count tor these letters and use a 
steady, continuous movement. 

^J^' J*; A'""'^. Va.-Try to foUow base line, but do not 
sacrifice the movement. Tlie"i"and "s" are your weak- 
est letters. I appreciate your kind words. 
„■'■ h, ? "„Carbondale.— " Is there any use in finger move 
S-e mLi, It? '^S *°Jl 'o"" *M8 lesson. Your small letters 
tho„T,nrt of .'„'";,"""i"i''. '■^e"?^ Suppose you write a few 
tuousand of each capital m the March lesson. 

Harry V. K.. New York.— Some ofvour capital " E's " look 
?hJ m'l,! ' ' li?' TV," l'?," st""-rf. Aey are'^tio sliS. Make 
tm,rti 'I '""„ ','"■'■ "■"'■'' Kood. This kind of svs- 
temati, ,,n„ t„ ,. „ ,11 ,„,,,k,. :, writer of you, I am sure. 

culai- m':,, m,'.",'i''',V,',,,,y,'."' ?.' ".'.'."l!™*3' P^ffs, all good 1 
lettei- '""'""" """ " 


word copies, etc., but .x. j,,., 
t applied to the writing a 

is wCf n t^ practice work The 5,l«10 " C's " as extra work 
,^ Li V '■'"' '" ??.'■ Endeavor to apply the movement now 
fOT ilvhlE""' *"*"'«■ "ven if you do fose something in form 

«X?' '*?■■ Brooklyn.-Send more work for criticism. Cap- 
l;J.„i ™ 'r""' ''"5 y°V'' movement is tree and easy. Can you 
spend one hour a day m practice y Come again. 


Lessons in Ornamental Writing. 



No. 4. 

Vlnte Nutnber Twelve. 

In commencing this lesson, let me urge you to 
review thoroughly the lesson given on stems, since 
you will find these same stems constituting the 
principal part of the capital letters before you. 

Analyze each letter as nearly as possible by the 
plan suggested last month ; that is, notice if the shade 
belongs to first, second or third position ; observe the 
size, slant and location of the ovals, and bear con- 
stantly in mind the form to be produced and the 
manner of producing it. 

Make the ovals with a free, easy, muscular move- 
ment, and the shades with a good dash. 

It has been my desire that you shade extremely 
heavy on the preliminary exercises, in order that 
you may be able to handle the lighter shades on 
capitals more artistically and vrith greater- ease. 
Get a contrast between the heavy and light, as the 
blending of the shaded and hair lines will beautify 
your work. 

Practice on each letter separately as given in the 


copy. Then, after",being able to make them with 
ease, join them together as"in the last part of each 
line. This will,;seem a trifle difficult 'at first, but 
bitter medicine is oftentimes best to take. 

Joining capitals;^and weaving them together in 
various ways is something"that will train the eye, 
strengthen the movement, and will give control to 
the arm. 

The shades in the presented stems commence on 
the lower half, the widest part'being near the base 
line, or known as second position. 

In making M and N, be careful that your^pen does 
not strike the shade when you start the second part. 
These letters should be rounded at the top, and the 
downward stroke made on main slant. Work for 
symmetry, simplicity and to have each letter as 
graceful as possible. The day is past when the 
flourish burdened capitals are most admired. 

jPIffle Number Thirteen. 

To accomplish the end in ornamental penmanship 
the small letters must not be neglected. Therefore 
do not fail to give them their share of attention and 

In the loop letters presented I should advise using 
muscular movement for the first space and finger 
or combined movement above. The upward sti'oke 
of all loops should be a curve, and the down- 
ward stroke almost a straight line Have the widest 
part of the loop in the center and notice that the 
turn at the top is round. 

In shading be very careful to have it below the 
cross in the I and b and in the last downward stroke 
in the h and k. Do not overlook the little tick stroke 
on 6. and be sure that the last part of the h is round 
at the top. 

One of the chief essentials in small letters is to 
keep them of uniform height and slant. 

Practice on these letters fii'st separately, then 
group them with one space letters. Keep them 
small and end each group with a long curve. 

In all your work be as exact as you can and do 
not practice without an aim. 


T. L. S.. Bradford, Pa.— Your work looks stiff : probably 
caused by the use of a stiff pen and having too much cloth- 
ing on the arm. If you have no Principality pens, send 30 

faithfully on B and F stems ; shade is too high : make flat 
oval larger ; W stem is good, 

L. B. D. A.. Oil City, Pa.— Shade low. and have upper third 
of all stems a hair line. Make flat oval of B stems larger, and 
throw the downward stroke of F stem a eompovind curve. 
Woikon TV stems is the best received. Get the same dash 
and clip on all other work. 

H, H., Ama, La.— Paper is poor and ink too pale: good 
material essential. Arm yourself with a •" " 

and an elaeticr pen. Send me foar pages 
week. Review thoroughly previous less 

Jos.. Hika. Wis.- Movement good: give more attention to 
form and location of shade. Send four pages of stems weekly 
until mastered. Make flat ovals larger, and have more re 
sited for the Imse line. 

William. Auburn. Pa— Capital letter O is too slanting ; 
downward stroke of A should l>e a curve. Do not try to 
shade around short turns. 

George, Omaha, Neb- -No not be afraid to work. Read 
February and March lessons at least a dozen times, Take off 
your coat, roll up your sleeves, and stick to the exercises as 
if you meant to do something. Write on every line and All 

Fred, Wabash, Ind.— I like what you say,— thanks. Give 
more attention to the positions of ovals and shades. Do not 
make capital C, />, O, and H sharp at the top : caused by 
slacking the motion. Keep work more compact, and send 
several pages of each letter so I may receive it by the 16th. 
Study arrangement of Mr. Apple's work last month. 

Clarence. Newman. Ill,— Ques. " How much time should 
Ije devoted to practice f " Ajis. About the same amount of 
time the average dude spends in smoking cigarettes — every 

H. J. M., Wilmington. Ohio —Study details more ; work 
tis'iue paper plan to impress upon your mind correct form. 
In practicng tlie minimum letters, avoid angular turns, and 
have long spacing between letters to strengthen movement. 

E. L. D,, Cincinnati. Ohio.— Movement poor; have ovals 
two-thirds as wide as long. Do not stand flat ovals on end ; 
long way should be parallel with base line. Your capital O 
shows inability to execute smoothly the shaded oval exer- 
cises. Take up a systematic plan of practice 

E. B. S., Burlington. Iowa.— Ques. " Why shade so heavily?" 
Ans. It overcomes a tendency of making sluggish lines, de- 
velops daah. grace and movement acquired in no other way, 
and enables one to handle lighter shades more artistically 
when occasion requires. 

Howard. Age 16.— What you say is good, but what you do is 
wrong. Have failed to study instructions and stay with one 
copy at a time, haven't you ? Do not try to shorten the road 
to success by cutting across lots. Too many wire fences to 
climb. Notice criticism on George. 

C. W. F.. Springfield, Ohio.— The widest part of shades in 
your capital letters A, C, D, H. and O extends too low. Re- 
member they are first position shades and should not extend 
below the base line. Slant and uniformity are essential. 

E. C. R., Grand Rapids, Mich.— Do not waste energy on 
apitals. Send me ten pages of flat ovals, and several pages 

What con.stitutes a good handwi'iting and what is 
the best method of acquiring it, are important 
points that are given a great deal of attention by 
students and teachers of writing everywhere. In 
conformity with its plan to do the greatest good to the 
greatest number. The Journal has solicited opinions 
on the principal points from many leading teachers 
and writers and has been presenting them for several 
months past ; prints some in this issue and will print 
more of them in the liear future. The idea is to get 
a large number of opinions, with reasons, and to see 
wherein they differ or agree. The whole matter is 
thus, summarized and is condensed into the least 
possible space. This is by far the most comprehen- 
sive collection of opinions on this subject ever 

There are many more excellent articles in type 
that have been crowded out from time to time owing 
to a press of other matter. If our friends who have 
contributed articles to this symposium will be patient 
we shall print all the articles in their turn. 

The questions to which these articles are responses 
are as follows : 

1. (n ) What do you consider the essentials of a good hand- 
writing? (Name them in the order of importance.) 

(6) Name, in what you consider the order of importance, 
the essentia! teaching points to keep in mind to produce a 
good handwriting. I As position^ speedy mov(;menl, etc.) 

■*. Give your definition of muscular or forearm movement. 

3 Name and give reasons for the best position of: 
(<i) Body. 
{i>) Hand and pen. 

4. Name the best movement and give your reasons. 
Respectfully,'s Art Journal. 

Bii</ <in,l to the Point. 

1. (a") Legibility. Freedom of movement. Uniformity of 
slant and height. Speed. 

ib) Position. Movement, Form, S^)eed 

2. The movement of the arm rolling upon the muscles of 

:!, C'ai-e of health dictates that the natural position of the 
body must be preserved while writing. The body and head 
should be nearly erect, only inclined slightly forward. The 
1 of the hand should also be perfectly natural. Each 
,.,o*;.,„ „.,„;..o* »! ..* Tiaklng the "hand a compact 

r resting against the t 

itody and resting upoi- ^ -„.„ „. ^^.^ „„..,, „uu iw,., lu 

Angers. The pen should be held between the end of the 

Business Writing Teachers' Open Court. 




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■Pl^yoJ •M'O-VA ya^^^-t H>K.o.6 n-^r^^oJdCi^ ^^<?-w-v ..\^v-i^,vv>XKjU^cJ-< 0J^J^y-rS^^0-.r^ 





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solid l>ody and resting upon the nails of the third and fourth 

thumb and the first joint of the second finger, the first finger 
re.'^ting down on top of the holder. 

i. A pure muscular movement for Capitals and single space 
letters, combined with a .slight finger movement for extended 
letters Q. e. Snyder. 

Wood's Bus. Coll., Shenandoah. Pa. 

An Irish Educator. 

The Irish Lecturer— The superiority of^the old architect- 
ure over the new is beyond question, for where will you find 
any modern buildings that have lasted as long as the ancient 
ones.— ri7-Bi(8. _ . 



All sijeoimens intended for The Journal's Public 
School Writing Contest must be in the hands of the 
judKe, Chandler H. Pierce, Supervisor of Writing. 
Evansville, Ind., by May 10th. 




{All qucHtions for thfs department sbould be sent direct to 
Mr. Plerce.l 

The following questions are from Macon, Ga., (iiid 
lonixi, Mich. 

1 — Do you teach movement ? Ans. Most emphat- 
ically I DO. 

'i—Do you teach muscular movement ? Ans. If 
forearm i.s regarded as muscular, yes. 

■'• — Do you teach the combined (the harmonious 

union of the forearm and fingers) movement V 

A-rut. Yes. 

4.— Do you teach the finger movement 1 Ans. Yes. 

n.— With what grades v Ans. All children must 

begin writing by the use of their fingers. 

V.—AtiJi. With some designs the whole arm in its 
incipiency cannot be ignored. 

7.— In what grade do you consider it most practi- 
cal to begin teaching movement 1 Ans. In what 
grade do yon consider it most practical to begin 
teaching arithmetic ? 

" Lateral motion " precedes movement proper the 
same as •' number " precedes arithmetic. 

I make its application from the very beginning with 
the second grade while introducing the figures in 
concert drill. Glide one, glide two, glide three, 
glide fom-. Repeat. 

-0 0- 




and so on tlu-ough all the figures. 

Not until all the figures have been passed and re- 
viewed and perfect Time, with fair form secured 
do I attempt the letters. 

The glide should be of sufficient length to force the 
arm to move, and great care should be taken to im- 
press the child with the idea that the arm produces 
the horizontal line and the fingers produce the Jiijure. 

Lateral action can be introduced in the letters 
with equal skill. 

iVofr. A, 300U as I have sufficiently recovered from the 
ni-cident. will give lessons through The Jouunal illustrating 
my inotnous. ^ 

8. -Good -form " in rapid legible writing depends 
upon the ,mMh of letters and not height, hence 
• lateral action " is .second to nothing else. It must 
be secured, else a thousand ills will multiply. Legi- 
bility IS the product of spacing between letters, and 
spacing comes from lateral action. 

Not to teach it is a grievous fault. That it is not 
taught and its importance not understood is evident 

The work of the second grade (which is the child's 
second year in school) is to pass over all the figures 
small and capital letters, including words. Done 
through our method of concert drill. At the be-'in 
ning of the third year the child begins all the work 
again upon an indiridnal basis and is checked over 
the ground as provided in Program ■■A.." which 
thoroughly prepares for the work in Movement 

We have pupils at 9 and 10 doing »•,■// in the ap- 
plication of the combined movement. 

I would not think of teaching mon-ment in its 
strMest sense without a knowledge of form first 

Grammar without its application is like move- 
ment without its application. Knowing how is 

With proper methods and a live teacher, wonders 
can be accomplished in ;.; minutes per dav in lower 
grades. Twenty minutes is far better, and 2.5 to 30 
for the intermediate and grammar three times per 

i^^}C\t^X^ 3 

QJ A/YYUy OmAjtiAly UKuXv hyv' rv^O" 



I would caution those desiring to ask questions 
that they study carefully the ground gone over, and 
if not clear, by all means refer to and if necessary 
will make it a personal matter. I must always be 
brief, so I do not say all I mean the reader to infer. 
Read between the lines. 

Lizzie Hughes of Whitewater, Wis. , secretary and 

The papers and discussions are being printed in 
the annual report, which may be obtained by sending 
.50 cents to the retiring secretary. Miss Frances E. 
Ransom, East Saginaw, Mich. 

Western Drawing: Teachers' Association. 

From April 31 to 23 the city of St. Louis, Mo., was 
the Mecca toward which all the Western drawing 
teachers and supervisors turned for aid and in.spira- 
tion. The occasion was the fourth annual meeting 
of the Western Drawing Teachers' Association, 
which has taken deeper root, spread out wider 
branches and made a fij-mer stand in the educational 
world than ever before in its history. 

The International Kindergarten Union held its 
second annual meeting in the same place April 20 to 
22, and this enabled many who wished to attend both 
conventions to do so without extra expense. There 
has always been a strong bond of fellowship between 
these two bodies of educators, and this arrangement 
helped to bind them more strongly together. 

A .ioint meeting was held on the evening of April 
21. at which Mr. Patterson DuBois of Philadelphia 
and Mr. James L. Hughes of Toronto. Canada, gave 
able addresses. On Thursday evening. April 22, the 
citizens of St. Louis gave a reception to the delegates 
in the parlors of the Southern Hotel. On all sides 
the delgates were met with cordial hospitality and 
all the arrangements were most delightful. 

The meetings were held in the auditorium of the 
new High School building corner of Grand avenue 
and School street. 

The program, with few exceptions, was carried 
out as planned. Perhaps no papers were more 
eu,ioyable and instructive than those of Mr. Hughes 
and Mrs. Lucy Fitch Perkins. Much to the delight 
of the audience, this latter pauer was accompanied 
by sketches on Manila paper made by Mrs. Perkins 
while the people watched her. 

The exhibit reminded one of the educational de- 
pai-tment in the Liberal Arts Building at the World's 
Fair. It was arranged in the corridors on three 
floors of the spacious building and covered 2.5,000 
square feet. As about sixty-five places sent work, it 
was the largest and finest e.xhibit of the kind ever 
held in the United States. 

Detroit was chosen as the place for the fifth annual 

Mrs. H. E. Riley was elected president, Mr. George 
L. Schrieber of Chicago vice-president, and Miss 

X,\\<,oY-<ec.''f f-o 

Lessons in Vertical Writing. 


Review iiiift Some Additional I'oiutevs for First Grade, 

Before discussing the work for the second and 
third years, that outlined for first year in the last 
article will be reviewed and a iew points added. 

Children should begin with words rather than 
letters or principles. The writing should be large, 
written at blackboard if possible, using the whole 
arm movement After from three to five months 
introduce paper, ruled with lines about five-eighths 
of an inch apart. Do not expect a high degi-ee of 
accuracy, as this would require a closer application 
and a more detailed study of the letters than is best 
for children five or six years old. Pen and ink can 
be used with good results in the first grade, but it 
is not believed that the results are compensatory 
for the extra amount of nervous energy necessarily 
expended. If slates are still in use, turn them so the 
long sides of desk and slate are parallel. If they 
are ten or twelve inches long, write on the right 
and left half separately. Give as little writing or 
copying as possible unless it is done under the super- 
vision of the teacher. In this way the child can be 
guided so as to prevent forming habits of making 
the letters incorrectly. 

Second and Third Years. 

The writing lessons for the second and third years 
in .school should be devoted largely to the study of 
the forms of the letters, to the proper and uniform 
spacing between letters and words. The children 
have now become accustomed to using the writing 
materials, and are old enough to make a more care- 
ful study of the letters. To aid in acquiring a 
uniform handwriting, paper or copybooks ruled 
with base line and head line should be used. It is 
not necessary to use paper ruled with all of the 
spaces and one ob.iection to it is that pupils are apt 
to form a habit of making the loop and capital letters 
extend from one line to another on whatever paper 
they are using. It is believed that too much of the 
spaced ruling has been used, and that it has been 

mufoA.. rYYUA'X(L ca/ro. 


') L 


used in the upper grades where it has been a hin- 
drance instead of an aid. Where none is used, how- 
ever, pupils are apt to be more careless, and it is 
more difficult for them to make letters of proper 
proportions and is therefore more difficult to write 
a uniform hand. Use pen and ink, and where copy- 
books are used they may be introduced the second 


Teachers of penmanship who are not teaching 
young children and inexperienced teachers are very 
apt to advocate the use of muscular or forearm 
movement for all grades, and make it the most im- 
portant part of the work. As a rule, teachers who 
have had a few years' experience in teaching young 
children believe that the study of form is the most 
important part of the work, and that the finger 
movement is the principal one to be used. If proper 
position and pen holding are maintained, and the 
forms thoroughly learned, when children become 
old enough and large enough to use the forearm 
movement they will not have everything to do over 
again, as is sometimes stated. 

Some I'aulli) That Creep In. 

After a few months of writing the vertical style 
there will be a tendency to make the turns too broad 
and the upward strokes too straight. This will be 
true, especially, if the emphasizing of certain points 
that were necessary at first has been continued. 
In the third article, the mistake of making too nar 
row turns and too slanting upward strokes was 
spoken of. If broad turns are emphasized too much, 
and they are apt to be, the writing will begin to 
appear like the first words in the incorrect forms. 
When the turns are too broad the upward strokes 
must be placed in a vertical position in order to 
prevent the letters from being too tar apart and the 
writing of a sprawling hand. If upward strokes are 
vertical the writing will have either a square, 
blocky appearance or there will be a tendency to a 
backhand. If we begin the loop letters on the base 
line and make upward strokes vertical, as shown 
in the incorrect forms, it will be impossible to pro- 
duce vertical letters. Avoid the extremes shown 
by the word nnie by sloping the upward strokes a 
little to the right and by making medium instead of 
either the broad or narrow turns. 

The lesson this month consists of four capital let- 
ters and sentences. The first part of H and K is 
the same as first part of M and JV and some of the 
other letters. The second stroke in H is curved 
slightly. Fmish the letter so it can be joined 
to a letter following it. This latter is usually the 
most difficult part of the letter for children. The 
second form of H can be easily learned after mak- 
ing F and T, but it is not believed to be as practical 
as the first. The most simple form of A' is where 
the second downward stroke is a simple instead of 
a compound curve. The small loop in the middle 
is in a horizontal position. The compound curves in 
F and T make them more difficult for young chil- 
dren many of the other letters. The tendency 
will be' to curve the top part and the downward 
stroke too much. The sentences will illustrate 
what has been said in regard to the slant of the up- 
ward strokes, the turns between the letters, and the 
general proportion of the letters. 

Drawing in the New York Schools. 

Representatives of the Fine Arts Federation appeared 
before the Committee on Instruction of the Board of 
Education to ask that they be allowed a I'oice in 
the appointment of the supervisor of drawing m 
the public schools. The federation includes the Na- 
tional Academy of Design, the National Sculpture So- 
ciety, the Architectural League, the New York Chapter 
of the American Institute of Architects, the Suciely 
of Beaux Arts Architects and the Municipal Art Society. 

The board has concludB.1 that a supervisor of drawing is 
needed, and also supervisors of singing, one man and one 
woman. Frank Damrosch, a brother of Walter Dam- 
roach, is a candidate for supervisor of singing. Both sub- 
jects will be considered by the board at its meeting to- 
day. The report ol the committee having in charge the 
course of instruction for high schools will also be dis- 



>'iiniber 5. 
Itraieing in Biglier riinmmar Grades. 

No course of stuay can be planned which will be 
suitable for all schools. Work which in one school 
or system of schools would be adapted to fifth year 
pupils might in others be too diiUcult for seventh or 
eight grades. 

The environments and previous instruction of 
children should in a large measure determine the 
character of the work given. While all may be 
taughc the same fundamental principles of drawing, 
different localities will require different applica- 
tions. A course of study in drawing meeting every 
requirement in one of the manufacturing cities of 
Rhode Island or Massachusetts would, if trans- 
planted to Mossy Creek, Pa., or Prairie City, 
Texas, be as much out of place as a silk spinner in a 
coal mine or a glass blower in a cornfield. 

Don't teach anybody's "System of Drawing," 


held horizontally on a level with the eye appears 
like a horizontal straight line, and by raising or 
lowering it it appears as an ellipse of varying pro- 
portions. To awaken this first impression of the ap- 
pearance of objects is the most important work of a 
teacher, and nothing but a great amount of actual 
experiment on the part of teacher and pupil will se- 
cure this desirable result. 

Children should be encouraged to make sketches 
of simple objects which they may find at home or 
elsewhere. Boxes, baskets, vases, vegetables, leaves, 
flowers, sprigs of foliage — in fact, anything of a 
sitnple nature may be studied and drawn to the edu- 
cational advancement of the child. The stump of an 
old tree or the corner of a woodshed may furnish 
more interesting and instructive material for a class 
of children than all the reproductions of Byzantine 
ornaments which could be crowded into a twenty- 
four-page drawing book. 

Working drawings should not be studied in con- 
nection with free hand perspective for various 
reasons. The first is that in the latter no work 
should be done by using any mechanical means, de- 
pending on the eye alone tor form, while in the 


What Prompted It. 

" Himmel I " exclaimed the coroner, '■ somebody schtole 
mine bottle of ink ! " 

And he started on a wild hunt about the office tor it 

It was this which prompted the City Hall reporter to 
remark : 

" This is what 1 call a genuine coroner s ink quest." 

teach drawing. Use any books you like or nobody's 
if you prefer, give the children under your charge 
what they need regardless of where you get it, and 
you will be teaching the best system of drawing in 
the world. The poor work done in penmanship and 
drawing in many of our schools is the direct results 
of following some one's system whose plan is as far 
removed from the needs of the school as is the 
author from that particular locality. 

Pempecttve Drawing, 

A great many teachers approach this subject with 
fear and trembling, with a confused idea of station 
points, picture planes, vanishing points, foreshort- 
ened surfaces, visual rays and other like technical 
terms rising before thena. 

Stripped of all technicalities Perspective drawing 
is the representation of objects as they appear to the 
eye, and children should be taught to distinguish 
between the appearance and the facts of objects. 
The difference can best be illustrated by using simple 
geometric forms, and the whole matter may be 
summed up in the general statement that the further 
from the eye of the observer any object or part is 
removed the smaller it appears. Pupils should be 
led to see this, not merely taught such is true. By 
holding a book horizontally in front of and a little 
below the eye, pupils can readily see that the back 
edge appears shorter than the corresponding front 
edge and that the upper surface appears much nar- 
rower from front to back than it really is. A hoop 

former everything should be done by the aid of 
mechanical tools, depending tipon the eye for nothing. 
If there is a teacher who can instruct a class of fifth 
or sixth year children one month in drawing, using 
rulers and compasses, and get absolutely free hand 
work in pictorial drawing, the following month his 
power of discipline is greatly above that of the aver- 
age. The confusion of ideas which naturally results 
from the study of two lines of work so very differ- 
ent, produces some very startling effects when an 
object is placed before a class to be sketched. One 
half of the drawing may be made according to per- 
spective principals and the rest according to methods 
followed in working drawings. There is no relation 
between the two branches except in the fact that in 
both lines are used to limit surface and represent 
edges. By letting the subject of working drawings 
follow a thorough drill in the appearance of objects, 
much of the difficulty which has attended the teach - 
ing of these two widely different lines of drawing 
together through several years will be avoided. 

The best results of a teacher's labor are never ex- 
hibited. The prize drawings or compositions hung 
on the walls at public exhibitions never represent 
the best work of the teacher. Frequently the work 
shown is the work of a child who would have done 
good work under any circumstances. 

When a teacher takes charge of a faint, half- 
starved, almost shriveled germ with but a speck of 
life, and by watchful care and kindness gradually 


brings it into the light and sees it develop into a 
reasonably healthy plant, she has done her best 
work, though it is never exliibited. 


Training the YounK Idea. 
One cannot be surprised at the slow progress of educa- 
tion in certain parts of , where a visitor to that 


Stftte recently heard a rural school teacher say to his 
pupils : 

" Come, come, youug'iia?, can't you set up a little more 
urecter 't " 

And when a tardy pupil came in and lett the door 
slightly ajar, the teacher said sharply : 

" You go back and shev that there door tihet ! " after 
which he said, apologetically, to the visitor ; 

" 1 try to learn 'em manners, but it's derned uphill 
work."— //a77)cr's Bazai: 

Recent Public School Book Adoptions. 

Shayior's Vertical Round Hand Writing.— Beardstown. 111. 
Univ. Pub. Co. Series of Copy-Books.- Etowah Co., Ala. 
American Vertical Copy-Books.— Long Island City. N. Y. 
Spancurian Vertical Copy-Books.— Peekskill, N. Y. 

Cross' Drawin-.— Beardstown, 111. 

Shaw's Business Forms and Elements.— Etowah Co., Ala. 

Penmanship in the Public 5chools. 


It Is astonishing that in this enlightened age, when all 
other branches of education have made such rapid strides, 
both as regards development in themselves and methods 
of instruction, penmanship has been, comparatively 
speaking, almost entirely neglected ; and in the vast 
majority of our public schools it actually receives less at- 
teution than it did fifteen or twenty years ago. It is dif- 


flcult to account for this neglect, but the most plausible 
explanation is, the people have been beguiled into easy 
acquiescence by an unprincipled set of so-called edu- 
cators who fastened the vicious copy-book system upon 
the public schools, and because of their monopoly in fur- 
nishing the copy-books stoutly resisted any innovation 
that might lessen the golden stream pouring into their 
capacious pockets. 

Upon the pretense of advancement in education the 
copy-book was introduced into the public schotds. and as 
it gave the teacher less work by saving him the'ti-ouble 
of setting copies, and as the perfectly engraved copies 
were supposed to be a great improvement, the people 
were soon lulled into the innocent belief that something 
had been accomplished. Truly, something was accomp- 
lished. The cold, dead copies which the pupils were 
taught to draw (if ever taught), and which they uev,r 
saw equalled or even approached in actual writing, by 
reflex action deadened all their efforts and never pro- 
duced a practical handwriting since they were invented 

This may seem like a broad assertion, but we defy any 
one to show us a practical handwriting learned from the 
copy book. 

Thus the pupil was worse off than before. Formerly 
there was some effort made to teach writing, and the 
live copy presented by the teacher was an incentive to 
the pupil, and there were really many fine penmen among 
our ancestors, though their penmanship would not stand 
the test of rapidity so essential in these modern times in 
the business world. 

After considerable experience and observation in the 
public schools, business colleges and actual business life, 
and a full opportunity for comparing methods and re- 
sults and the needs and requisites for business writing, 
we feel justified in applying the term vicious to a system 
of penmanship which produces such disastrous resultB. 
It is now in order to specify these results, or charges, 
which, however, upon refiection, are apparent to an in- 
telligent observer. 

The rule has been to place the copybook into the hands 
of the pupit with little or no instruction, and for the rest 
of his school life, ten or fifteen years, he struggled hope, 
lessly on in a vain effort to learn to write. It is well 
known that the great majorty ot the pupils turned out 
from the public schools in the past could write (?) noth- 
ing but a miserable scrawl. So notorious in this fact 
that among certain educated classes the worst combina- 
tion of undecipherable hieroglyphics is considered a sign 
of culture, aud " the worse the better." This is deplor- 
able. Wheu such an important brauch of education has 
thus degenerated when it ought to have improved, evi- 
dently something is radically wrong. The shades of 
Thomas Jefferson and John Hancock must grieve to see 
such a state of affairs. 

The little instruction that might be given consisted 
priucipally of an injunction not to write too fast, and if, 
perchance, a pupil learned to draw a good form, the 
speed would make a snail swell with pride at his vast su- 
periority of motion. A case in point which came under 
our own observation was that of a young lady who, 
though she made a good form, wrote at the breack-neck 
speed of two aud three lines in twenty minutes. After 
learning to draw thus, were rapidity attempted the form 
would disappear more quickly than a haystack before a 
Kansas cyclone, and such a handwriting is absolutely 
worthless for business. 

While by some of the old methods little or no teaching 
is done, on the other hand an attempt has been made to 
give the subject special attention by placing a textbook 
in the hands of the pupil. If the former method is vi- 
cious this would be classified as incorrigible. In conver- 
sation with a victim quite recently our opinions were 
fully corroborated, and indeed the actual facts were 
worse than we had anticipated, for, as he said, the pupils 
were given more theory than practice. Yet the authors 
and promoters of such a method have the audacity to 
style themselves educators. What consummate presump- 
tion ! 

But the chains of bondage have at last been burst 
asunder, and some of our schools, more especially in the 
cities, have taken advantage of the opportunity and 
adopted a system commensurate with the advancement 
of civilization and adapted to the requirements of mod- 
ern business, while the great majority, benumbed almost 
into insensibility by the shackles of the old methods, have 
as yet made no effort toward improvement, but are drag- 
ging wearily along, apparently unconscious of the fact 
that we are on the threshold of the twentieth century. 

The business colleges, however, are far in the van, and 
have, almost without exception, adopted the modern 
system of rapid writing. They are in close touch with the 
business world, well acquainted with its needs, and they 
W3uld nob dare teach the old slow methods any longer. 
They are accomplishing a wonderful work in this line, for 
which they are not given due credit, but in a few years, 
when our educational system, in all its ramifications, 
shall have followed their example, which they must, and 
there are special teachers of penmanship for all the 
schools, which the business colleges will be called upon 
to furnish, thus making them a more important factor in 
public education, then will they be looked upon as the 
pioneers in the most important educational reform of the 

A large number of our literary colleges have also aban- 
doned this soon to-be fossiliferous educational remnant 
and adopted the modern system, and their number is rap- 
idly increasing every year, as is indicated by the increas- 
ing demand for special teachers of penmanship. The pub- 
lic schools will be the last to profit by this reform, but 
better late than never. 

It is not our intention to give a full description of our 
system, as the limits of this article will not permit, but 
shall merely give a hint. The most radical difference be- 
tween this and the old methods is speed, and may be 
termed the foundation of our magnificent structure. We 
teach rapid speed from the beginning, which we keep up 
throughout the course, and is to the old method as an ex- 
press train is to a lumber wagon. Another radical de- 
parture is the movement, which we call muscular or fore- 
arm, consisting of the hand and forearm moving as a 
whole on the muscles between the elbow and wrist, with 

the tips of the third and fourth fingers sliding over the 
paper and describing the same motion as the point of the 
pen. This, however, is not as important as the speed as 
regards teaching, tor it is claimed by some penmen, with 
verv good reason, that the movement will be a necesiary 
result if the proper speed is maintained. But the move- 
ment must be acqured at any rate. 

Special emphasis is given to the importance of keeping 
up the speed from the beginning, for, though a good form 
cannot be expected at first, or until the proper correla- 
tion is established between the hand and brain, it is tound 
by experience that the form will be acquired much sooner 
than with a slow motion, and the speed learned at the 
same time makes such a handwriting infinitely more 
practical and valuable than one obtained by the old, la- 
borious methods. We also use a very simple yet com- 
prehensive analysis, but do not attach very much impor- 
tance to this feature. The pupil's time is too precious to 
be wasted in unnecessary theory. Example is better 
than precept. 

For a time this sj'stem was thought to be, even by its 
supporters, not practical for children, but experience has 
amply demonstrated that it is as well suited to them as 
to older pupils. It is absurd to teach children one system 
at first, then later compel them to learn another. An 
old educator being showu specimens of writing from a 
class of children of eight to twelve years of age, was per- 
fectly astonished and could scarcely believe such results 
were possible; he had never seen the like before. And, in- 


deed, it is not possible to produce such results by any 
other method. 

So there is every reason for adopting this modem sys- 
tem, as the old copy-book methods have not one single re- 
deeming feature. We confidently assert, without fear of 
successful contradiction, that the average pupil will learn 
to write better and more rapidly in six months by our 
system than he can in ten years by the old methods. 
Speed the day of emancipation. 

The Cow's Moo. 

A very small girl was learning to write. Her teacher 
ruled the slate and set her '* copies," and Lucy took great 
pains with the pot-hooks 'and [round o's with which she 
began. One day the teacher set down something new for 
Lucy to copy — M-o-o, Moo. 

" What is it ? " asked Lucy with a puzzled look. 

" That is ' Moo.' The noise a cow makes, Lucy. See, 
it is made up of pot-hooks and round o's, just what you 
have been learning on.*' 

So Lucy sat down and prepared to copy '* Moo." But 
she did it in a queer way. She made an M at the be- 
ginning of each line, and followed each M with a whole 
string of o's all across the slate, like this, Mooooo. 

" But that isn't right, Lucy," said the teacher, when 
the little girl showed her the slate. " You must copy the 
word as 1 have written it. So— Moo." 

Lucy looked at her teacher's copy, and then at her own 
attempts, and then she shook her head decidedly. 

" Well, 1 think mine is right, Miss Jones," she said, 
" for 1 never saw a cow that gave such a short ' Moo ' as 
you wrote down ! ""^ -^Exchange. 


iBJi^tS^&iOTaW Q-^^Q^at^/z^ 




NEW YORK, MAY, 1897. 


-fff'Tr'vja ■- m 

til '" l»iyt B£WCWS.Q 

School and Personal. 

— Recent Journal office visitors were : D. E. Johnson, 
Troy, N. Y., B. C. ; W. N. Simpson, Baker Univ., Bald- 
win, Kans. ; Sebastian Speer, New York ; Mr. and Mrs. 
E. E. Cliilds, Childs B. C, Springfield, Mass. • Geo. A. 
Jewett, Duplex Tvpewriter Co , Des Moines, la. ; Mi&s 
Rose A. Dagan, Special Teacher of Penmanship in Sub- 
urban Schools, Bangor, Me. ; Frank B. Rutherford, 
Gregg Shorthand School, New York ■ S. C. Williams, 
Rjchester, N. Y., B. U. ; E. E. Ferris, Eagan's School of 
Bus., Boboken, N. J. • F. O. Strong, Hoke Engraving 
Co., St. Louis, Mo. ; S. A. Phillippy, Coleman's B. C, 
Newark, N. J. ; N. H. Prouty, International Ci-rrespond- 
ence S;hool, Scranton, Pa., H. A. Spencer, New York. 

— New schools lately brought to The Journal's notice 
are the following: Coll. St. Frmcois Xavier, L'lslet P. 
Q , Bro. Maximien, pen. ; Com'l dept. Buffalo Gap, Tex., 

Coll , Perry Thompson. Prin. Lockyear's B. C, Evans- 

ville, Ind., M. H. Lockyear, Prin. and Prop. Batb, N. 

Y„ B. C, A. J. Warner, Prop., D. E. Waltman, Prin. 

Porter's B. C, Ozark, Ala., J. E. Porter, Prin. 

Gloucester, Mass., B. U., E. L. Glick, Prin. and Prop. 

LiMle Falls. N. Y., Bus. School, H. J. McShea, Prin. 

Mott's B. U., Tonawanda, N. Y., W. Miller, Prin. 

Mahan's Com'l Coll., Denison, Texas, W. W. Macbeth, 
Prin. ; Montcalm School, Montreal, Canada. 

— Glaze & Reynolds are the new principals of the Dal- 
las City, 111., B. C. Berkey & Dyke have disposed of 

tbetr school at Elyria, O., to J. L. Elicker. O. E. 

Ofstad has consolidated his penmanship dept., in the S. 
E. Olson Co 's Dept. Store, with the Minneapolis Writing 
School and Coll. of Pen Art, with office, "250 Syndicate 

Arcade, Minneapolis, Minn. The bus. dept. of the 

Yarmouth, N. S., B. C. is closed on account of the sud- 
den death of the prin., J. N. Walsh ; Mrs. Georgia A. C. 
Walsh, the late principal's widow, is conducting the 
shorthand dept. 

— Porter's B. C, Valdosta, Ga. ; the com'l dept. of 
Friendship Acdy. and Union Free School, Friendship, N. 
" Arkadelphia. Ark., B. C. ; Moorland's B. C, Little 

— The Christian Endeamri-r. published at Chicago, 
in a late issue gives a column write up to the Los 
Angeles, Cal., B. C, and is particularly complimentary 
on the work done by E. R. Shrader, Pres., E K. Isaacs, 
Vlce-Pres., I. N. Inskeep, Secy , and Ellis Le Master, 
Asst. Mgr. bus. practice dept. 

— Clarence E. Spayd, the well-known author of " Les- 
sons in Penmanship" and also "Complete Manual of 
Commercial Penmanship," who has been a liberal con- 
tributor on the subject of business writing, is now the 
editor of the Dailij Star Independent at Harrisburg. Pa. 
B.e has entered the broad and useful field of journalism, 
but enjoys the reputation of preparing copy which can 
be read without the aid of an interpreter. Editors, as a 
rule, write a miserable scrawl, but Mr. Spayd's easy- 
running hand must be a delight to the compositors who 
set his "copy." He was a success as a teacher 'of pen- 
manship and as an author, and as an editor he has dis- 
played exceptional skill and still keeps in touch with the 
artists of the quill by being a regular reader of The 
Penman's Art Journal, which, he says, is one of the 
most interesting of the hundreds of papers he reads. 

— E. T. Martin is prin., E. L. Martin teacher of pen- 
manship, E. T. and E. L. Martin and C. A. McFadden 
teachers of com'l branches, Mrs. R. S. Lundy teacher of 
shorthand, in the Ga.-Ala. B. C, Macon, Ga. 

— The leading article on the front page of the Lowell, 
Mass., Sun, April 5th, was entitled, " Edison's Star Invisi- 
ble," and was written by T. M. Graves, the well-known 
penman of that city. There is a portrait or Mr. Graves 
and a large engraving showing him searching the heavens 
through his fine six-inch telescope. The phases of Venus 
are also illustrated and the article is decidedly interest- 
ing throughout. 

— W. J. Amos, Prin. Com'l Dept. Merrill Coll., Stam- 
ford, Conn., has favored us with an invitation to the 
annual reception of the Alumni Assoc, on Friday eve , 
April 30th, in the Town Hall. Local papers speak of it 
as having been a very enjoyable event. 

— J. F. Fish, Secy, of the Spencerian B. C, Louisville, 
Ky., has been ill with nervous prostration for some time 
past. A letter from Mrs. Pish, informing us of this fact 
was received some weeks ago, and we intended to make 
mention of it in the April number, but the memorandum 
was mislaid. Mr. Fish's many friends hope for his speedy 
recovery. ^ 

— While The Journal's managing editor was in New 
Orieans lately, where he had been called to give testi- 
mony in a case of disputed handwriting in the courts he 
had the pleasure of visiting Soule's Com'l Coll Col 
Soule and his enterprising sons are giving New Orieans a 
high-grade commercial and English training school and 
we found on every hand evidences that the good people 

of New Orleans appreciated their efforts. Any one who 
completes a course m this instituiton gets an all round 
business trainirg that fits for any place in the mercantile 
world. We are under obligations to the Messrs. Soule 
for their kindness to us during our brief sojourn in the 
" Crescent City." 

J. B. McKay, Prin. and Prop. Kingston, Ont., B. C, 
writes a vertical style that is as plain as print, evidently 
easily written. The appearance of the writing indicates 
a (air degree of speed. It is a model vertical hand. Ac- 
companying a club of twenty-nine names, he writes : " 1 
am very sorry 1 cannot send you a larger list this time, 
not only for your sake, but for the sake ot those who miss 
the many good things in The Journal." 

— E. F. Fisher, Prin. Com'l Dept. Charles City, la., 
Coll., in a letter accompanying a list of subs., writes : 
" School matters are prosperous with us this year. In 
attendance, thus far, we are over 40 per cent, over last 
year's total in Bus. Dept. and prospects still brighten. 
Shall continue a friend ot your Journal." 

— The Journal's managing editor is under obligations 
to G. W. Harman, the well-known penman and president 
of the Western Penmen's Association, for courtesies ex 
tended during a recent visit to New Orleans. Under Mr. 
Barman's guidance he saw much of the city. Nothing 
at Mr. Barman's disposal was too good for The Journal 

— In a late letter received from Bro. Baldwin Direc- 
tor St. Patrick's Com'l. Acdy., Chicago, 111., a Journal 
subscriber writes : " Ours is a strictly com'l school. It is 
second to none in the city. Our plans ot conducting it 
are similar in every respect to the best bus. schools, east 
and west. We have now sm pupils, representing all por- 
tions of the city and many coming from a distance of 2.5 

— A photograph of L. J. Egelston, the well-known 
penman of Perry B. C, Rutland, Vt., has been added to 
our collection. In this connection we would state that 
we would be glad to have photographs of all school pro- 
prietors and teachers for our portrait file. 

— While passing through Montgomery, Ala., recently, 
The Journal's managing editor stopped over to visit 
relatives, and took occasion to call at the Massey B C as 
well. He found C. F. Beutel, the well known penman 
and com'l teacher, a courteous gentleman, in charge of a 
well appointed institution. Messrs. R. W. Massey and C. 
F. Beutel are to be congratulated on the success they 
have made of this institution. 

— A most flattering notice of the Lexington B. C ap- 
peared in a recent number ot the Lexington, Mo Intelli- 
lieneer. The prop,, L. P. Myers, is given high praise lor 
the manner in which he has built up and conducted the 
school. Particular attention is called to his enterprising 

— G. A. Swayze, prin. com'l. dept. Grove City, Pa., 
Coll., keeps adding to his clubbing list for The Journal 
right along. In explanation ot this he states that the 
coll. is increasing in attendance. At the present time 
there is an enrollment of Wi. 

— C. K. Urner, Prin. Columbia Coll. of Com Wash- 
ington, D. C, in a letter inclosing .Ji.oo for some back 
numbers of The Journal, writes : " No school man 
should regret a dollar or two spent for the back numbers 
of The Journal to scatter among his students." 

— C. W. Jones, penman in the Woonsocket, RIB 
U., writes that the nevr school opens with a large' at- 

Twenty years ago, at the age ot twenty, the owner 
of this face first taught writing. Be believes in knowing 
"everything about something, and something about 
everything." Be teaches penmanship, bookkeeping 
shorthand and German, specially, and other things in- 
cidentally. man of ideas and will cheerfully ex- 
change the privilege of 
calling him a erank with 
those who will allow him 
the pleasure of turning 
good things. He is so 
old fashioned that he 
takes Christianity as the 
basis ot pedagogy, and 
uses them both in his 
business. He, too. was 
poor, was a farm hand, 
and chored and jani- 
tored through school ; 
here, however, the com- 
parison ceases : he feels 
much more worthless 
now than he did at the 
memorable moment ot 
I. HOWARD B»i.Dwi», graduatioH, and hopes 

It is a case with him 
where a little education 
intoxicates, while more sobers. He feels that the true 
use ot schools and teachers is to teach pupils to educate 
themselves. At an early period in life he was a boy : 
which fact accounts tor his present knowledge of boys 
and his ability to do something else in a large class than 
merely to keep order. He is not in the habit of wander- 
ing about a large writing class like a frightened sheep in 
a thunderstorm, giving desultory information to the tew 
at the expense of the many, but, as it were, resolves 
them into a committee of one, and, by teaching them as 
one, he succeeds in not only teaching writing, but also 
in teaching to write. He attended private, common and 
graded schools ; Ohio Normal University, Rufk School of 
Elocution, Spencerian Business College, Cleveland, O., 
and Detroit Business Univeisity. He taught writing 
classes, was penman in Ohio Norrnal University, Prin. of 
High School Business Course and Supervisor of Writing, 
Mt. ■Vernon, O, ; taught writing in Detroit B. U., had two 
commercial schools of his own, was Prin. ol Shorthand 

Department and teacher of penmanship and German in 
Clark B. C, Lockport, N. Y. ; and, for the sake of Wil- 
liams &- Rogers, Bookkeeping and Business Practice in 
particular, and greater efficiency in general, he is now a 
school hoy again in the Rochester B. U. The Journal's 
managing editor had the pleasure of rubbing up against 
Mr. Baldwin at the Columbus meeting of the Western 
Penmen s Association and found him a manysided man 
full of good ideas, who knew what he wanted and how 
best to get it. We wish the profession had more teachers 
like him. 

— W. D. Showalter, formerly editor and prop, of the 
Pen Art Herald, Cleveland, O,, and for many years a 
well-known professional penman, drifted into daily news- 
paper work several years ago and now holds the respon. 
sible and lucrative position of exchange editor and news 
idea originator tor the New York Journal. Mr. Showalter 
has made a hit in the newspaper field and his many 
friends in the profession will be glad to hear it. He made 
The Journal a pleasant call lately. 

— Two southern schools are using considerable ink, 
paper, time and postage in getting our circulars, making 
charges and replying to charges about who furnished the 
most positions tor the students of their respective schools. 

— L. W. Hallett, the old-time penman, is still con- 
nected with the school ot com., Elmira, N. Y., but he 
lives at Millerton, Pa , ten miles from Elmira. He has 
lately been suffering from bronchial trouble, but has 
nearly recovered. Some recent specimens ot his work 
show that he retains his former skill. 

— The Supreme Court ot Louisiana has sustained a de- 
cision of the lower court favorable to Col. Geo. Soule in a 
suit brought against him by the prin. ot another business 
school in that city tor libel. Col. Soule issued a circular 
answering the claims made by the other school and quoted 
liberally from the advertisements of his rival. The Su- 
preme Court decided that as the opposition school by its 
advertising had given its competitors a chance to reply, 
and as Col. Soule had not mentioned the opposition 
school by name, and furthermore had made out his case 
principally through quotations from the opponent's own 
advertising, that there was no cause for action. This 
decision will prove of interest to many commercial school 

Morrments of the Teaehera. 

W. K. Klugh, Dillsburg, Pa., is the new teacher of 

short, in the Plainfleld, N. J., B. C. Arryd Peters is 

teacher of draw, in the Columbia B. C, Paterson, N. J. 

M. McLachlan and Mrs. Lottie English are teachers 

of com'l branches, Herman Everitt, short., in the Mo 

Lachlan B. U., Grand Rapids, Mich. J. F. Klingen- 

the Grand Rapids, 

smith is teacher ot com'l branches 

Mich., B. C. Harvey Hankee is connected with Woods 

' Allentown, Pa, Will H. Morley 

American B, 

teacher ot penmanship 

West. Ill, Nor. School &Bu8 

Inst., Macomb, 111, J. G. Little is prin., J. H. .Smith 

te:icher oC pen., draw,, com'l branches and short, in the 

Ridgetown, Ont., Coll. Inst. R. A. Patterson is prin., 

J. A. Edmiston teacher of pen , draw, and com'] branches 
in the Perth, Ont., Coll. Inst. D. Crowley is conduct- 
ing writing classes in various Iowa towns. D. H 

Hunter is prin., E. C. Sprigley teacher of pen., draw 
com'l branches and short, in the Woodstock, Ont., Coli' 

Inst. Mrs. Mae A. Corbett of Lincoln. Nebr., is teacher 

ot pen. and com'l branches in the Globe B. C, St. Paul 

Minn. A. Dix is teacher of draw, and com'l branches 

in the Cap. City C. C, Salt Lake City, Utah. W. J 

Musser, late prop, of the Washington, Pa , B. C, is novv 
local manager of the Smith Premier Tvpewriter Co 

Buffalo. N. Y. Mrs. F. M. Wallace, formerly of the 

W. N. C, Shenandoah, la., is now receiving her mail at 

La Junta, Colo. V. P. Baugh is teacher of pen. in St 

Mary's School, Dayton, O. J. M. Reaser, brother of 

H. G. Reaser, the well-known penman, is prin. of the 

Dover, N. J., 9. C. James McNaughton is prin. and 

teacher of com'l branches in the Arizona Territorial Nor 
School, Tempe, Ariz., Miss Kate B. Griswold teacher of 
pen. and draw., and P. M. Irish teacher ot com'l 

branches, Messrs. J. H. Grafton. W. E. White, J. W 

Bradshaw, C. H. Allard, L. B. McKenna are teachers of 
com'l branches and J. E. Gill and Miss Jesamine Brown 

teachers of short, in the Gem City B. C, Quincy, 111. 

Misses Jeanette Burkhead and Kate Pebbles are teaching 

writing classes throughout Iowa. C. Clarkson. B.A 

is prin., R. C. Cheswright teacher of draw., H. S. Robert- 
son, B. A., teacher of com'l branches in the Seaforth 

Ont., Coll. Inst. Bro. Denis is prin,. Bro. Mark teacher 

ot pen. and com'l branches, Bro. Cyril teacher ot draw 
and short, in the Christian Bros.' Acad., 35 St. Margaret 

St,, Montreal, Can. Bro. Damien is prin., Bro. Abdon 

teacher ot pen. and draw., Bro. John of com'l branches in 

Christian Bros.' Acad., St. Henry Montreal, Can, O. J 

Arness is teacher ot pen. in the Minn, School of Bus.,' 
and in the Y. M. C. A. Evening School, Minneapolis! 

Minn, Bro. Ostian is prin. and teacher ot com'l 

branches, Bro. Theodoris teacher ot pen., draw, and 
short, in the Christian Bros.' Acad., St. Gregorie, Nicolet 

P. Q , Can. Bro. Mathias is prin., Bro. Majorin teacher 

ot pen., Bro. Gordian teacher of draw, and Bro. Martinian 
teacher of short, in St. Joseph's School, 141 St. Martin 
St . Montreal, Can. 1. B Downs has resigned his posi- 
tion in Greer Coll., Hoopeston, HI., and has embarked in 

real estate business. Bro. Austin is prin. and teacher 

ot pen. and com'l branches Bro. Mellvnus teacher of 

short., in the St. Lawrence Coll., Montreal, Can. Bro 

Modestus is prin., Bro. James teacher of pen , com'l and 
short, branches in St. Patrick's School, Montreal, Can. 

Bro, Richarius is prin . Bro Edward teacher of pen 

Bro. Richards teacher of com'l branches and Bro D 
Joseph teacher ot short, in St. James' School, Montreal 

Can, Bro. Philadelphius is prin., Bro. Parisius teacher 

ot pen. and com'l branches, Bro. Basilian teacher of 
short, in the Sacred Heart Coll., Plessis St., Montreal, 
Can. Bro. Optntian is teacher ot draw, in St. Law- 
rence, St. James, St. Patrick's and Sacred Heart Col\ 


Montreal, Can. E. S. Hewen, formerly connected with 

Little Rock, Ark., C. (J., ib organizing writing classes 

throaghout Ark. F. E. Pond, late stadeot of W. N. 

C, Shenandoah, la., is a new teacher in Meux's B. C, 

Pensacola, Fla. Bro. Andrew is prin., Bro. Osmund 

teacher of pen., short, and com'l branches in St. 

Bridget's Coll., Montreal, Can. Bro. Servilian is prin., 

Bro. Odenwaldus teacher ot pen. and cora'l branches, 
Bro. Hosea teacher ot draw, and Bro. Paul of Bhort. in 

St. Cunegonde Coll , Montreal, Can. Bro. Symphoriam 

is prin., Bro. (). Leo teacher of pea., Bro. Alfred teacher 
of draw., Bro. Orestus teacher of com'l branches, Bro. 
Eugene teacher of short, in Mt. St. Louis Inst., Montreal, 

Can. D. E. Johnson, formerly of Pottsville, Pa,, is 

now connected with Ihe Troy. N. Y., B. C. E. M. 

Wade, late of Plainfield, N. J., B. C, is the new teacher 

in the Pa. B. C, Lancaster. Pa. Bro. Macarius is 

prin,, Bro. Optatius teacher of pen. and short., Bro. 
Wilfrid teacher of draw., Bro. M. Joseph teacher of 

com'l branches in Ihe Lachine, P. Q., Coll. Sam Evans, 

formerly of SpringBeld, Mo., Nor. School, and Wilming- 
ton, N. C, C. C, is now at his home in Williamstown, 

Ky. M. Van Osterloo, late pupil and assistant of L. M. 

Kelchner, N. 1. N. S., Dixon, 111., is the new teacher of 

pen. and com'l branches in Ft. Worth, Ark., B. C. J. 

C. Bowser, the well-known com'l teacher, is now receiv- 
ing his mail at I2:i W. '2nd St., Columbus, (). He has gone 
out of business college work and engaged in mercantile 

business. Frank F. Musrush, late of Perry, la., is now 

priu. of public t-chools, Chauncey, 111. Eiuest W, 

Covell, teacher in tiie Clinton Liberal Inst., Ft. Plain, N. 

Y., recently had a very severe attack of pneumonia. 

MiBS Lucy M. Ra.ymond of Boscawen, N. H., is new 

teacher of short, in the Lebanon, Pa., B. C. R. C. 

Metcalte has been transferred from Wood's B. C , Ash- 
land, Pa , to Wood's B. C, Hazleton, Pa. ». H. Pal- 
mer, formerly of (Jak Level, Ala., is now receiving bis 

mail at Spartansburg, S. C. W. F. Gray has resigned 

his place in the Monmouth, 111., B. C , and is now at 
Qulncy, III. 


At Schenectady, N. Y., on Sunday, Mar. 21st, Miss 
Carrie Mae Dean was married to Ernest Lee Grandy. Mr. 
Qraudy is principal ot the Cohoes, N. Y., School of Busi- 
ness, and is a successful and popular young teacher. He 
was formerly a commercial teacher in Iowa. 

On Thursday, Apr. 15th, at the home of the bride's 
parents, a) W. 13i)th St.. New York, Miss Laura Niven 
Millspaugh was married to Mr. Robert Albert Kells. Mr. 
Kells is teacher of penmanship and commercial branches 
in theNew York B. C, 81 E. I'iStli .St., where he has been 
tor several years. Before coming to New York he was 
connected with the Central B. C, Toronto, Canada, and 
other Canadian schools. He is a native of Canada. 

Miss Mattie Cubbage was married to J. A. Elston on 
Wednesday evening, Apr. Tth, at Canton, Mo. Mr. 
Elston was formerly teacher of penmanship in the Can- 
ton College and is conducting a mail order penmanship 
business at present. 

There was a pretty wedding last night at " Sylvan 
Lawn," the home of Prof. Warren H. S.idler, Irvington 
The bride was Miss Mamie Oeitrude Ellicott, niece of 
Prof. Sadler and the groom was Mr. Robert A. Magill, of 
Cincinnati, Ohio. Rev. Dr. A. H. Studebaker, pastor ot 
the First English Lutheran Church, performed the cere- 
mony. Mr. Fairman A, Sadler was the best man, and 
Mrs. H. C. Reitz acted as maid of honor. The wedding 
march was played on a remarkably sweet toned harp by 
Prof. John A. Jules, who also played a solo during the 
ceremony. The floral decorations were beautiful. The 
bridal couple stood directly under the arch, while Rev 
Dr. Studebaker stood in the library. Ou the piano there 
were a dozen pots of blooming plants encircling a beauti 
fully shadtd lamp. The decorations in the dining room, 
where the weddmg dinner was served, were also very 
pretty. It was arranged to be a quiet wedding, and tor 
that reason only relatices and a few friends were present 
'Ine bride was dressed in blue satin, covered with white 
chittou, and trimmed with diamonds and pearls. Imme- 
diately after the dinner, Mr, and Mrs. Magill left 'for 
Cincinnati, where they will live. The groom has a 
beautiful new suburban home there, called " Avondale " 
The bride received many elegant presents, including a 
handsome silver service from Prof, and Mrs. Sadler.— 
lliiltuiKjiv Ami>nniii, April 30, 1897. 

— The Joi-iiNAL desires to extend its heartiest con- 
gratulations to these young people. 

.1. I. OIVENS. 

At Rnckport, Ohio, on Apr. Uth, occurred the death of 
J. I. (Jiven^. assistant teacher in the High School at that 
place. Mr. Givens succumbed to an attack of la grippe 
He was a graduate ot Warren Wood B. G , W Va and 
taught peumausliip in the Caton B. C, Cleveland Ohio 
Some ot his work has appeared in The Journal. He was 
born in West Virginia )Ui years ago. 


The many friends ot Charlton V. Howe will be pained 
to learn of the second great bereavement that has come 
to hirn within a month. This time it is the death of his 
father, Capt. Charlton H. Howe, which occurred on Apr 
11th, at Quiucy, 111. Captain Howe was formerly edi- 
tor and proprietor of the Xatiomil Ameiicaii. and as a 
newspaper writer was well known in the West He 
s.irved in the war with distinction, was an honored mem- 
ber of the G. A. R., and his funeral was under the aus- 
pices ot that Iwdy. For two terms he was a member of 
the Missouri State Legislature, and from the obituary 
notices in local papers we learn that he was a thorough 
American citizen, greatly honored in the State in which 
he lived. 

JVcic Cntntogufs, School ,ronfnnlA, t-tc. 

The Spenceri in B. C, Louisvi'le, Ky , and Evansrtlle 

Iiid , has madrt a new venture and issues the IlVcA/i) 

^^iciK'iTKiii. It is a small, fonr-page, two-column paper 



and contains many personals and items of interest to 
students and those "likely to become students of these well 
known business schools. 

— The National Xarmalile, with the sub title, " Expo- 
nent of Independent Normalisra," published at Lebanon, 
Ohio, is a quarterly journal edited by the teachers of 
the National Normal University in that town. This 
well known normal school, founded in 1855 by Alfred 
Holbrook, is the parent of independent normals. The 
Natiouaf Noniialife is a bright, eight-page journal and 
contains many strong articles and much college news. 

— " World's Fair Honors " is the title ot a new eight- 
page brochure issued by Brown's Business College, Jack- 
sonville, 111., and contains afuc-.'yirnile of the certificate 
awarded Brown's Business Colleges, medals, etc. It is a 
good piece of advertising. 

— Isaac Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square, N. Y., issue 
Pitman's French Weekly — a humorous illustrated journal, 
part French and part English. The object of the publi- 
cation is to popularize the study of the French language 
and literature. 

— Well printed college journals have been received 
from the following schools ; Heald's B. C, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. ; Eufaula, Ala., City Schools ; Virginia B. C, 
Richmond, Va. ; Dover, N. J., Bus. Coll. ; Little Rock, 
Ark., Com'l Coll. ; Bryant & Stratton B. C. Louisville, 
Ky. ; Evansville, Ind., B. C, Steubenville, Ohio, B. C. ; 
Smithdeal B. C, Richmond, Va. 

— F. H. Shinn, proprietor ot the Muscatine, la., B. C, 
evidently wants the name of his school in everybody's 
mouth, as he uses wood tooth picks with the name ot his 
school printed on them as an advertisement. 

Fraternal Notes. 

(Public School Depnr 


— E. A. Boggs, teacher of penmanship in the West 
Waterloo, la., schools in the Waterloo Academy, will 
have charge ot the penmanship in the Waterloo Summer 
School, which opens June 28th and continues for seven 
weeks. This means that the teachers will have up-to- 
date, rapid writing methods. W. E. Hanger, A.M., will 
be superintendent of the school. 

— L. B. Laweon is spreading good writing methods over 
a large territory in the central West. He was lately at 
Telluride, Colo., but has moved on to Ouray, Colo. 

— J. O. Wise, supervisor of drawing, writing and book- 
keeping in the Akron, O., public schools, does a great 
deal of missionary work in his special lines outside of the 
regular school work. We find his name on a programme 
of the Round Table of Superintendents and Principals of 
Western Pennsylvania and Eastern Ohio, held in War- 
ren, O., Apr. 9th and 10th. His subject was, " What 
time should be given to writing ? What System of writ- 
ing should be taught?" Ou Friday evening, Apr. 16th, 
he addressed an audience at an open meeting of the Book- 
keepers' and Accountants' Association, Hammel's B. C, 
Akron, O., ou the " Elements of Success." The Akron 
Eeeninii Journal devotes a column ot space to a report 
of this meeting and what Mr. Wise said. Both at the 
Round Table and the Accountants' Association Mr. Wise 
made hits and received many compliments on his ad- 

— From L. D. Scott, supervisor of writing in the pub- 
lic schools, Memphis, Tei n., we received a nice list of 
subscriptions to The Journal, with a request that bdl 
be sent to the Board ot Education. This is a move in 
the right direction. When the Board of Education see 
the neces'ity of better writing and better methods in 
the schools, they will take sufficient interest in' the mat- 
ter to subscribe for papers to help the teachers along, 
and good results may be looked for. 

— F. S. Harroun is prin. and teacher of pen. of the 
Yuma, Colo,, high school. 

— N. W. Campbell is prin. and teacher ot pen., draw- 
ing and com'l brancnes in the St. Thomas, Out , public 

— W. N. Dardis is prin. and teacher of pen. ot the 
Laird, Colo , public school. 

— J. Urie is teacher of pen., drawing and com'l 
branches of the Central public schools, St. Thomas, Out. 

— H. A. Stewart is prin. teacher ot pen., drawing and 
com'l branches in the Balaclava St. school, St. Thomas, 

— M. Curr is priu. teacher ot pen., shorthand and 
com 1 branches in the Myrtle St. school, St. Thomas, 

— Supervisor of Penmanship Howard Champlin, ot the 
Cincinnati, Ohio, public schools, has the following assist- 
ants ; Mrs. Carrie P. Deliuer, Elizabeth Schott, Maggie 
Delehanty, Maud A. Thomas. 

Christine Snllivan is supervisor of drawing and has 
the following assistants in the Cincinnati, Ohio, public 
schools: Wm. Bogel. first assistant; Elsie Whitley, 
Kate Whitley, Ella Bute, Jeanette Cist, Frank Strong, 
Frances Kohukee. 

— P- Perry is prin. and Miss Marv Sutherland teacher 
ot pen. and drawing in the Fergus, Ontario, High School 

— Miss Rose A. Dugan is special teacher of writing in 
the suburban schools and Miss Mary Alexander in the 
city schools, Bangor, Me. 

. —A. H. Gibbard is prin, and R. P. McLaughlin 
teacher of pen., drawing and com'l branches of the 
Georgetown, Ontario, High School. 

— W. M Walker is teacher of pen. in the schools of 
Blackwood, S. C. 

~,f*. W. Bright is prin. teacher ot pen., drawing and 
com 1 branches of the Wiarton, Ontario, Public Schools. 

— J. A. Snell. M.A., is prin. and teacher of ccm'l 
branches in the Wiarton, Ontario, High School. 

— ^'^■.E. Marsh, formerly of Helena, Mont., is now 
located in Alliance, Ohio, where he is conducting a mail 
order business, organizing method classes in writing for 
public schools, and also classes in writing and drawing. 

— W. A. Phillips is principal, H. J. Haviland teacher 

of pen. and com'l branches of the Sistorial, Ontario, 
High School. 

— J. L. Zwickey has charge of 500 penmanship pupils 
m the city schools, Storm Lake, Iowa, and is just com- 
pleting his fourth year there. In a late letter, accom- 
panying a list of subscriptions, he writes : " I am a 
Canadian but not the exact cut of Mr. Newlands. I 
instruct in all grades from the fourth up, and from my 
own experience 1 write the lines contained in the article 
'Vertical Writing' in a late issue of Miilland Sehools, 
which I send you by this mail." We hope to q,uote 
from the article in the Midland Sehools referred to, in an 
early issue of The Journal. 

— J. A. Hou-ston, A.M., is principal. Miss I. J. Beatty 
teacher of pen. and com'l branches, W. P. Olds, B.A., 
teacher of drawing of the Smith Falls, Ont., High School. 

— C. A. Bryant, a good writer, is prin. of the Williston, 
N. Dak., public schools. 

— D. McKay, B.A., is prin., R. Stuart teacher ot pen., 
drawing, com'l branches of the Alexandria, Ontario, High 

— Miss E. McGregor is prin. and teacher of pen., draw- 
ng and com'l branches of the Maxville, Out., public 

n'l branches i 



— W. W. Chalmers is teacher of i 
Grand Rapids, Mich , public schools. 

— Mr. Rowat is prin. and teacher of com'l branches in 
the Simcoe, Ont,, public schools. 

— Mr. J. G. Bogart is prin., teacher of pen., drawing, 
shorthand and com'l branches in the Highgate, Ont., 
public school. 

— J. G. Cameron is prin., teacher of pen., drawing and 
com'l branches in the Thomasvile, Ont., public schools. 

— From O. W. Nottingham, supervisor ot writing and 
drawing. Van Wert, Ohio, we have received some photo- 
graphs ot several excellent blackboard drawings made by 
him. The work shows up nicely. 

— A. McKenadree is priu,, teacher of pen., drawing, 
com'l and shorthand branches in the Maspeth, Out., pub- 
lic schools. 

~ W. W. Jardi 
teacher of pen., d 
Ont., High School 

— The subject of this sketch, Edward De Witt Snow, 
was born July fi, 18tj7, at .Stannard's Corners, Allegheny 
County, N. Y. He received his education m the public 
schools, supplemented by academical and private instruc- 
tion. In March, 1887, 
he graduated from the 
Rochester, N. Y., Bus. 
Uni,, and in the fol- 
lowing September ac- 
cepted a position with 
the Bryant & Stratton 
Business College, St. 
Louis. Mo. He re- 
signed the following 
year, and accepted a 
position with Elliott's 
Business College, Bur- 
lington, la., where he 
remained for three 
years. Owing to poor 
health he was obliged 
to go to his home in 

'■ "• >'^"'»'- Arkport, N. Y. As 

. . , , soon as he was some- 

what recovered he went on the road for a Chicago firm— 
The National Merchandise Supply Co.— and continued in 
Its employ tor neariy two years. Upon the completion 
• of his contract with the Supply Co. he took charge ot a 
set of books tor a Buffalo, N. Y., firm and continued in 
the capacity of bookkeeper and oflSce manager till the 
sutnmer of 1804, when, after a short vacation, he came to 
Kutland, V t., to conduct the Commercial Department of 
the public schools. This is his third vear here In addi- 
tion to the Com'l Dept. he has hati, tor the past two 
years, complete charge of the penmanship in the grades 
On June 20, 189.5, Mr. Snow was most happily inarried 
to Miss Mary Huribut, a most estimable lad'y of Ark- 
•""J-. .V ^i ^"^ '"'^'' "^» strange fact to record that 
while Mr. Snow is a Commercial teacher and penman, 
he was not born on a farm. His father is a minister 

Penmanship in Private Schools. 

A hopeful sign of tlie times is the ever increasing 
interest; in writing and clra\viDg by schools apart 
from public, commercial and normal schools. A 
few years ago the three classes of schools last named 
absorbed about all of the attention give to this 
branch by our educational institutions, but now the 
private schools have fallen gracefully into line, and 
we know hundreds of them where penmanship re- 
ceives more thorough and more scientific attention 
than in many special schools that are supposed to 
make this subject a main feature of their curriculum . 
Perhaps in no class of schools is the importance 
of this branch realized more fully than in the Cath- 
olic schools. The Journal has thousands of read- 
ers in the Catholic schools throughout the United 
States and Canada, and apparently there is no class 
of its readers who more deeply appreciate its in- 
struction or derive a greater benefit from it. We 
have received hundreds of letters from teachers in 
Catholic schools, voluntarily testifying to the help- 
fulness of The Journal in their work, not only in 
writing, but in drawing, lettering, designing, "en- 
grossing and all phases of practical and ornamental 

H ii^}^^S^^^,m 





— g ^( 

'/rf^; ^■fiffpof _ 


g^< <f'™"»«.t,^|^v,,,.i«Ol"'""' 

- Jifawwi 

• -•^•EEEaSB^.-i^ ■ 


ti ,y,„/„„„/ ,..,..,..,X "~ 

Sim i£nii(ft,iii' Kf tVuii 

Examples of School Diplomas, Certificates, Testimonials, Etc., made in the office of THE JOURNAL. The Diplomas, Etc., from which 
these Cuts are Reproduced vary in size from 8 x 10 to I8 x 23. Designs must not be imitated. 



No. 5. 

Napoleon '8 Tomb was one of the things that we will 
not Hoon forget. It is the grandest piece of work imagin- 
able. Vou go iu the Palace of the Invalides and directly 
under the dome is the tomb, but to see the tomb you 
have to go to a circular opening in the center of the 
building around which is a marble balustrade, and there 
below you, perhaps fifteen feet, is the sarcophagus that 
markH the l)urial place of the great man. Around this 
tomb and worked in mosaic on the marble floor is a huge 
laurel wreath with ribbon entwined. The wreath ip in 
groen, the ribbon in purple. Back of the wreath are rays 
of light that start from the tomb and work out to the ex- 
treme edge. These rays are in yellow, making a perfect 
color a)mbi nation— green, purple and yellow. On the 
extreme edge of this mosaic design are the columns that 
support the floor above, and in front of each column are 
angels carved in marble that stand as guards over tho 
body of the great Napoleon. The torn and bullet-riddled 
flags are also placed at given distances about the tomb. 
One can easily see that the effect is grand and impressive. 
We stood anil admired the richness and chasteuess of 
that noble monument for a long time. 


The drive through the Bois de Bologne at dusk, just as 
the people were comiug out to enjoy the early evening, 
and then the return after driving through the noble 
park, is one of the most restful things that can be imag- 
ined after the heat of the day and the weariness of sight 
seeing. Then to stop at the cafcx along the avenue and 
Hoe the people and eat with them was a great treat. 
Leaving the vafcs we visited two of the gardens and saw 
the vaudeville shows there. These were very Frenchy, 
and were much enjoyed. The following evening we kept 
up the amusement end of it, some of our party going to 
the gardens and others to the opera, the latter place 
being, of course, the finest iu all Paris. The Grand Opera 
House is a magnificent building, and we saw it pretty 
thoroughly. So much has been written about this build- 
ing with its beautiful foyer that I will not go into fur- 
ther detail. 

The Luxembourg Museum contains some of the finest 
statuary and pictures to be found in Paris. Here it was 
that we saw the more modern paintings 
that are familiar to most people through re- 

"The Saint Chapelle," built by St. Louis 
in 1'245-1248 for the reception of various 
relics which he had brought from the Holy 
Land, is one of the most remarkable build- 
ings in Paris, profusely decorated in all 
parts with brilliantly colored materials. Its 
l)resent beauty is entirely due to the restorations com- 
pleted by the late Emperor at a cost of §50,000. It was 
threatened by the Commune, but saved. The stained 
glass windows in this beautiful chapel are celebrated. 

Yes, the Eiffel Tower is all that you understand it to 
be. Generally we are disappointed when we see something 
that so much has been said about as this world renowned 
structure, but we were all surprised and pleased with 
this towering mass of iron and stetl. The view from the 
top is very tine, and the height is so great that many of 
us would not dare trust ourselves to go to the railing and 
look down until we had become accustomed to our sur- 

The Hotel de Ville is one of the most remarkable build- 
ings that we saw, not perhaps for its exterior but interior 
dei-ovations. We all exclaimed in going from one room 
to another over the beautiful frescoes and wonderful ap- 
pointments. The ball-room is sumptuous in every way, 
a perfect marvel of beauty. 


Again we are favored, for we are in Paris on one of the 

days when the people are allowed to visit and inspect the 

sewers, and of course we jumped for the chance to see 

this remarkable piece of engineering. We entered the 

fewer ut tho junction of the Place de la Concorde and the 

Rue de Rivoli, by first descending a broad stairway and 

then a narrow passway to the main 

.a ^ sewer This large sewer runs at right 

/^fepS, ^jH angles with the other, which is under 

\^i^~~^\ *^^® ^"^ ^^ Rivoli. Small tram-cars 

'^^ i fgy _^^ ■\\ move on tracks that are on each side 

of the sewer, the car being directly 

over the water. At a given sign the cars are started. No 

great speed is attained, and you are able to see the sewer 

very thoroughly. It is a novel experience and well worth 

all the trouble. 

And so we kept on from day to day and night after 
night until we had seen the main features of Paris veiy 
thoroughly, but of course to know the city perfectly 
would take years. 

(To be continued.) 



Before lUe Stndeutt. of ihe AVoodburv BusincM CoUcBe, 
Los AuBcIes. Cal., ou 3Iarch li, 1897. 

Young Ladies and Gentlemen : It always affords me pleas- 
ure to address young people, especiaUy students. For many 
yearslwasateac-her in the public schools and m business 
coUeges.andto me to-day the school room is most familiar 
and affords me the greatest pleasure of any mstitutions tnai 

Tt recalls many pleasant reminiscences, and especiaUy am I 
interested to speak to young people, because they are at tne 
period of Ufe where they may profit by any good advice that 
I may chance to offer. Those of more advanced years, who 
have become est^iblished in their methods, are not so mucn at 
liberty to change thoughts, actions or occupations as are 
young persons. You are here presumably seeking an educa- 
tion. Why do you desire an education ? How many are seri- 
ously asking that question ? What is the use you expect to 

Education is that which marks the distinction between men 
more than any other cause. Not only in their social position, 
but in their business, in everything that marks progress in 
the Ufe of individuals and nations. The person weU educated 
has a power that the ignorant person has not. The distinc- 
tion between nations has been marked by the estimation they 
have placed upon education. No nation on earth probably is 
making so great an effort to educate its masses and to see 
that every person possesses an education as is the Unitea 
States. Probably no nation on earth has held out gi eater 
possibilities during the last century in human progress than 
the United States, and a larger percentage of its people reaa 
and write than any other nation on earth. 

Now you are seeking an education, and if I could pass 
around this hall and learn the success that each of you are 
attaining as students, know the faithfulness with which you 
are performing the duties prescribed for you «f students I 
could predict very closely as to your success in after life^Tbe 
work that you are doing here is a test. The faithful earnest 
and successful student will be the faithful, successful man or 
woman that is as sure as fate. We sometimes hear it said 
when oie has attained great success, " Oh. he or she has been 
lucky or fortunate." Now, good fortune and success do not 
come by accident; if you inquire into the circumstances that 
have led to the success of any individual of your acquaint- 
ance you will find that there has been legitimate means usea 
for that success The merchant who has best understood his 
business, who knows the market and the time and place to 
purchase, has made gains and avoided losses that his less ob- 
serving and less competent competitor could not. 

No person will hold, as I have said before, good positioas un- 
less he merits them. You who are faithfully performing your 
duties here and quabfying yourselves, are destined to hold 
some poston iu the future. What shall be its grade ? High 

If you think for a moment you will perceive that there are 
no honorable or desirable positions not open to you or within 
vour attainment. You are fitting yourselves with a view of 
securing one of these positions. You wiU see eminent presi- 
dents of banks, professional men conspicuous in their profes- 
sions in fact, there is a vast range of possibiUties reaching 
from'thatofaditch digger to the President of the United 
States Your mission will come somewhere on the hue. It is 
possible that I may be addressing a future President of the 
United States. The way to that position is open to you. X 
may be. and probably am. addi-essing a future bank presi- 
dent, cashier or perhaps an eminent lawyer, possibly a judge, 
possibly a millionaire, contractor, engineer or competent and 
trusted agent or bookkeeper. Which of you is to be the mill- 
ionaire, which of you tho president or the incumbent of some 
one of these desirable positions, which of you young ladies is 
to be the confidential clerk or manager of some great busi- 
ness ? All these places are opening before you and what you 
are doing here to-day is determining unavoidably as to 
whether you are destined to occupy one high up or low down 
on the Ust. As I said before, it is the efficiency with which 
you seek and fill your place that will determine. 

Now for example, a young man enters an estabUshment in 
this city, perhaps at $2 per week: he says to himself, " That is 
very little pay. I shouldn't do much to earn S2; in fact. I 
don't mean to do any more than I get paid for," Conse- 
quently, he is a little tardy in the morning, he is careless dur- 
ing the day; if he goes on an errand, he loiters or blunders. 
It is not a long time before his employer sees all this, and 
after a week or two he is convinced that this is not the boy 
he wants, and gets another one.- On the other hand, the new 
boy forgets that he is only getting $2 a week, more or less. 
It is his purpose and effort to make his employer reabze that 
he is determined to render good service, no matter what the 
pay may be. He is there to do his best, and he is on hand in 
the morning and does not wait for his employer to set him to 
work : he catches hold of the first and every thing he sees to 
be done, and if on errands he hustles to get back, and at the 
end of a week or two his employer says to himself, " This is the 
boy I want, I must advance his pay and keep him," He does 
so. Pi-omotion follows promotion, until the highest place in 
the estabbshment is reached. No, there is no luck in that. 
The first boy did not fill the biU and was discharged because 
he deserved' to bo. The other boy gets advance after advance, 
because he deserved it. Now, there is the whole secret of 
success. It is to perform faithfully and earnestly whatever 
you undertake. If as students you habituate yourselves to 
earnest, faithful and industrious performance of every duty 
and enter the employ of others, or enter upon your own Ufe 
mission in the same manner, success will await you. Again, 
no matter how much you earn, if it were SlOO per week, you 
can spend it all easily ; nobody gets so much that he cannot 
find a way to spend it. The practice of economy and self 
denial is necessary that you should save a certain portion of 
vour earnings or income ; you may thus accumulate capital 
that will enable you to start in business for yourself: capital 
la a ready servant that will aid you onward. 

We are told that honesty is the best policy. I would rather 
be honest for the sake of honesty. To say that honesty is the 
best jwlicy is to say that if you are dishonest you will not suc- 
ceed. Consequently, it is bad pohcy to be dishonest, but to 
be honest for policy alone is not the thought I wish to bring 
to your attention, but rather "Be honest because you love 

The merchant who by some trick or device succeeds in get- 
ting from his customer a little more than a fair price for his 
goods may think himself shrewd, but the patron soon learns 
of the trick and shrewdness by which he has been made a 
victim, and he goes elsewhere next time. So, while the mer- 
chant, for a little shrewdness and sharpness, gets a larger 
profit to-day. he loses for all time a patron who otherwise 
might have continued a profitable trade with him for years. 
That merchant can have no permanent success. 

Yon see merchants in this city and elsewhere who are pros- 
perous ; every year adds something to their capital ; their 
stock grows larger and more choice and they are reputed as 
persons trustworthy, with whom one can deal with safety: 
when they sell goods for "all wool" they will be so. New 
patrons line their counters and bring expanding success. 
Alongside of them you see another establishment the stock 
on whose shelves is gradually lessening in extent'and quality, 
while patrons grow correspondingly less ; a little while and 
the end comes in bankruptcy. Now there is a reason why 
fame and success attended one and bankruptcy befell the 

Let me illustrate briefly: Two young men set out in busi- 
ness in the same town and under equal advantages for suc- 
cess. One resolves to be constant in his attendance upon his 
business and economical of its earnings, that he will treat 
every patron with perfect courtesy, speak truthfully, and in 
short deal with everyone as he would have them deal with 
him. A patron thus treated not only comes again, but goes 
out with that kindly feeling which impells him to commend 
the place to his friends, who will become patrons and in turn 
commend it to their friends, and thus patrons constantly 
multiply and success is the sure and easy result. Is this not 

The other young man, impatient of slow progress to wealth 
by the small profits of fair dealing, resolves to make the most 
of every patron by extorting the highest profit possible 
through misrepresentation, trick or device, and often annoys 
patrons by his importunities to buy that for which they have 
no need or desire, and treats them with rudeness when they 
decUne Obviously patrons thus treated neither come again 
nor commend their friends to do so. He is thus without a reg- 
ular and growing patronage. He must ever depend on those 
chance patrons who make the experiment of trying a new 
and imknown place. These constantly grow less and more 
cautious in their deal. His stock gradually runs down in ex- 
tent and quaUty ; of necessity, he ultimately fails, and re- 
gards himself the victim of misfortune. Who of you can- 
not perceive the true secret of his misfortune, as you must 
the secret of the good fortune of the other young man ? Now 
this is the true story of success and failure. They each come 
as the proper result of good or bad means employed. 

If you tell an untruth somebody knows it. If n9 one else, 
you do, and have consequently met with the greatest of all 
losses, your own self respect. But you keep telling lies, and 
ere long your entire neighborhood brands you a liar. 

If you constantly perpetrate discourteous, mean and dis- 
honest acts and disregard your promises, you are soon known 
and avoided as one unworthy of confidence or esteem, and ac- 
cordingly many avenues to successful employment are per- 
manently closed to you. Upon the other hand, if you are 
truthful and punctual in your engagements, competent and 
earnest in the performance of your duties, friends multiply, 
and your opportunities for fame and success are accordingly 

The future of every young man and woman entering upon 
the stage of Ufe depends upon efficiency. How many young 
men and women I have seen fall by the wayside ; How many 
others I have seen step by step gradually rising into en- 
viable positions of honor and wealth ! There are two roads. 
If any of you are coming in here tardy in the morning on 
trivial excuses, or. as I have known students sometimes to 
do. write excuses as coming from their home, you are on the 
wrong road. The young men who will say to their parents, 
'• We are going to college to-day." but instead of that play 
'• hooky,"— that is what we call it East— these young men are 
starting out exactly right for failm*e in whatever they under- 
take. Now, as I have said, there is no place occupied by any 
one, man or woman, that will not soon be vacated, and you 
are the legitimate successors. As I have said, the day will 
come when the bank president will cease to be president, and 
some one else is going to step into his place. The President 
of the United States steps down in four years, and some one 
else must step into his place. In fact, there is no desirable 
place in the country which is not going to be vacated in a lit- 
tle while, and the person who is at hand, competent and 
trustworthy, is to be the one to step in, and it behooves you 
to have the right qualifications and to be on hand when such 
opportunities arrive. Time goes on and it does not wait : if 
you are not ready for it, you don't get it ; consequently, each 
one of you should do your level best here, and everywhere, 
every day— and to-morrow will always take care of itself. 

Qovernment Writing and Printing Paper. 

In the month of January of each year Uncle Sam prepares 
for sapplymg official mformation by the purchase at whole- 
sale of paper required for the QovernmeDt Printing Office. 
Upon this paper is to be printed the ConQvessional Record 
and the department reports and bulletins. 

Of writing paper, for the correspondence of the Govern- 
ment ll.aS0,U00 sheets will be required for 1897, and of print- 
ing paper, chiefly for public documents. 40,800,000 sheets. For 
maps. 125,000 pounds of map paper wiU be needed- and the 
supplies will include 2,000 sheets of parchment. 2,70C reams 
of tissue and copymg paper, lOS.OOO sheets ot typewriting 
paper. 1.725,000 sheets of brlstol board. 2,i00 reams of colored 
writing paper, 7.700.00(J sheets of ledger paper, and I6,»00of 
blotting paper.— JV. Y. Sun. 


Tbe Journal Is published In two editions: 

The Penman's Art Journal, 20 pages, subscription price, 50 cents 
a year, 5 cents a nuinljer. 

The Penman's Art Jouhnal. News EDmoN, 24 pages, subscription 
price, $1 a year, 10 cents a number. 

Both editions are Identical except four added pages of News and 
Miscellany In the News Edition. All Instruction features and adver- 
tisements appear In both editions. 

Advertising rates.-30 cents per nonpareil line. »2.50 per inch, 
each Insertion. Discounts for term and space. Special estimates 
rurnlslied on application. No advertisement taken for less than $2. 

Unnilreda ofbeautlliil nod naerul books nre Itstetl Id 
our new book ond premium catnloffne, with combination 
rnlea in connection nilh "Journiil" subscriptions, both 
new and renewals, sinilc and in clubs. As we five tbe 
eobscriber benefit oftbe lamest wbolesnie reduction on 
the books in eonuectlon with Ike combination Oder, II 
rreanenlly happens that he Is ennbfed to oblaiu book 
and paper nt considerably less than the book niono 
would cost of any dealer. It will pay any lutelllBent 
person to send a two-cent stamp for this cnlnloaue. 


valuable suffKeslions fori 




ubscrlptlon lists are aow eulered by States. 
.. ,vill be necessary, therelore, when askinn to have 
your address changed, TO STATE WHAT YOUR 
FOIOIEB ADDRESS WAS i otherwise we shall be 
unable to dud yonrname. Neither can we oOcr to enter 
ioto correspondence over the matter. 

We should be notiHed one month In advance of any 
change in address. Otherwise arrangements should be 
made to have your JOURNAI, forwarded. 

Writing In Public Schools. 

Joi-RNAL readers may get tired of our efforts to se- 
cure more attention for writing in the public schools, 
but as we are greatly interested in the matter we 
know of no other way to accomplish our ob,iect (a 
special teacher in the public schools in every town of 
any size) than by keeping at the enemy until they 

The business schools, private normal schools and 
some of the State normal schools are giving writing 
its full share of time and attention, and are teaching 
it properly. Some public schools are doing the same 
thing, but the gi'eat majority of the pupils in our 
American public schools are receiving next to no in- 
struction in writing. 

No one questions the value of a good handwriting. 
Its uses and benefits are too apparent to need argu- 
ment to bolster it up. The next question is, How 
shall it be taught to the pupils in the public schools ? 
Our answer is : 

Krsf.— Have a special teacher of writing in every 
State, city and private normal school, and make it 
compulsory for student teachers to learn to write 
and teach writing. This will send out thousands of 
teachers for graded and ungraded schools competent 
to teach this much neglected branch. 

Scraiif?.— Have a supervisor or special teacher of 
writing (or writing and drawing or writing and 
commercial branches) in every city and town of 
3,0U0 inhabitants and over. It will not require more 
time, as a rule, than is now largely wasted in at- 
tempting to teach writing. The expense will be but 
a few cents a year per pupil in the larger towns, and 
will not exceed one dollar a year per pupil in the 
smallest places. 

Who of us when we look back would not have 
given many times the paltry S3 to S6 that it would 
have cost the public schools to have given us a good 
handwriting •( The Journal has carefully figiu-ed 
out the expense and will agree to furnish competent 
supervisors whose salaries will not exceed the cost 
per pupil stated above 

We hope that our friends and the friends of good 
writing will rally and bring pressure to bear to in- 
duce public school boards of education to add a 
supervisor or special teacher of writing to the teach- 
ing corps for the coming school year. Articles in 
local educational and news papers, talks before teach- 
ers' meetings and personal talks with school board 
members will accomplish wonders. The cause of 
good writing will be advanced, and if success crowns 
our eflforts thousands of new supervisors of writing 

will be profitably employed in American public 

Now for a united effort ! A long pull and a strong 
pull and a pull all together! 

"Too Many Styles of Handwriting." 

The heads of three or four schools say that they 
would much prefer that The Joirnal print only 
business writing and but one style of that. They 
further say that they do not care to let their students 
see so many styles, for fear that they (the students) 
will take a liking to some style other than the one 
taught in the school. These school principals also 
say that they cannot keep students from practicing 
ornamental penmanship since specimens are given 
in The Journal. 

In answer to the above we desire to say : While 
The Journal' makes business writing its leading 
feature, it is also devoted to penmanship in general, 
drawing and practical education. The ability to 
^vrite a professional hand will not harm anyone, and 
if its acquirement turns a young man's head so that 
he uses ornamental when plain business writing 
should be used, his head must he light and set on a 
well-greased swivel. You might just as well say 
that it would be bad practice to teach elocution in a 
business school for fear that some of the students 
would learn to orate and. instead of approaching a 
business man in a sensible business way, would 
mount a chair and go at him in the regulation 
" Fourth of July " spread-eagle style. 

In regard to printing too many styles of business 
writing: We don't believe that anyone has a mo- 
nopoly on all of the best things in business writing, 
and we have never been able to find any two people 
who agreed about all details of business writing. As 
there seems to be quite a diversity of opinions about 
what constitutes a good business handwriting, and 
the best means of acquiring it, The Journal takes 
the ground that in the multitude of councilors there 
is wisdom. In the great variety of styles of script 
there are ideas. Because we print hundreds of 
opinions and hundreds of specimens in the course of 
a year, it doesn't mean that we agree -with the 
writers. We endeavor to have The Journal repre- 
sent tbe profession in general and to be a medium 
for the exchange of ideas. As we have had occasion 
to remark before, a teacher who has so little in- 
fluence on his students that they readily take to 
other teachers' methods and styles of writing must 
be weak indeed— or have the wrong style and 
method himself. 

Business Education Section of National 
Educational Association — Milwaukee 

Business College Proprietors. Teachers in Business 
Colleges, Siiperrisors of Penmanshp, Teachers in 
Commercial Departments of Colleges and Public 
Schools will all find something interesting at the 
National Educators' Association meeting held at 
Milwaukee, July 6 to 9. An outline of the programs 
of the Business Section appears elsewhere. 'This is 
not all that is in store for you at that time. The 
Executive Committee promise you an enjoyable time. 
The charge has been made that this section has been 
a close corporation to which only proprietors were 
admitted. The charge may have been true, but if 
so, let it be a " has been." We are especially anx- 
ious that the last three classes enumerated above 
shall be well represented at Milwaukee. Business 
education in the public schools has come to stay and 
those who are engaged in carrying it on need to get 
acquainted with those engaged in the same line of 
work in the business colleges. The recluse is not a 
success as a teacher. Begin to prepare to commence 
to get ready to go to Milwaukee. We hope to give 
the program in full next month. In the mean time 
would be glad to answer any questions. 

D. W. Sprlnuer. Ann Arbor, Mich. 

G. W. Brown. Jacksonville, 111. 

F. B. Richardson. Boston, Mass. 


Wednesday Aptebnoon, July 7. 
L The President's Address- 

A. N. Palmer, Cedar Kapids, la. 
2. Second Report of Committee on Correlation and Co-ordi- 
nation of Business Branches. 

J. M. Mehan,'Des Moines, la. 

THE journal's 


I. Course of Training in English, Shorthand and Typewrit- 
inB. - - Mi-s. Sara A. Spencer, Washington, D. C. 
Discussion by Isaac S. Dement, Chicago, ami E. E. Chllds, 
Springfield, Mass. 
. Itapid Calculation. Business Arithmetic, and Higher Ac- 
. Business. 

Friday Afternoon, July 9. 
. Reports of Committees. 

. Is the Present High School Course a Satisfactory Prepara- 
tion for Business ? It Not, How Should It be Modified ? 
Chas. H. Thurber, Dean of Morgan Parli Academy, 
University of Chicago. 
. State Supervision of Business Schools. 

A. S. Osborn, Rochester, N. Y. 
Laws and Ethics of Business. Duties of Citizenship, and 
Science of Wealth. - - H. M. Rowe, Baltimore, Md. 
Discussion by Robt, C. Spencer, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Election of Officers and Other Btisino'S. 

Eastern Teachers' Association. 

I know that talking too much is a fault that a 
good many men have, and perhaps I am not an ex- 
ception, but this time I think I have something to 

For a long time we have heard of the brethren in 
the " wild and woolly West " getting together every 
once in a while and talking about the work in their 
various schools. They discuss methods of teaching 
bookkeeping, business writing, business arithmetic 
and the entire list of branches usually found in an 
up-to-date business school. They seem to take pleas- 
ure in exchanging ideas and reaping chance thoughts 
"from fields by others sown." Of course they do 
each other good, not only by this exchange of ideas 
on various subjects, but also by meeting each other 
and becoming personally acquainted. 

The time for conservatism in friendship has passed 
and in no place have the business school proprietors 
better demonstrated this than " out West." Now, 
brethren of the Eastern schools, we ought to be 
ashamed of ourselves that we allow om* Western 
friends to lead us with e.xhibitious of that progres- 
siveness which is stamping itself on educational 
matters all along the line. I want to suggest, there- 
fore, that the teachers and proprietors of business 
schools of New Jersey. New 'Y'ork, Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania and the New England States make some ar- 
rangements to organize themselves into a body along 
tbe same line as our National Association, except 
that we meet at least quarterly. This, I am told, 
was tried once and failed. Now, that is no reason 
why it should fail again. If we are earnest and true 
to the great work laid upon us. let us not be afraid 
of organizing again. I have written to a good 
many teachers throughout New England and have 
replies from most of them. They all seem to be 
ready to welcome such an association. I hope that 


I may hear from all who are interested in such a 
scheme. I might add that for oar first meeting it 
would give us great pleasure in Stamford to enter- 
tain the brethren, and if the Merrill Assembly Hall 
would be tilled to overflowing, we have a CSty Hall 
and an Opera House. 

Now, friends, who will be the first to say 
" Amen " 1 Don't be backward. Come out, put up 
your colors, and let us hear from you. 

Wm. .J. Amos, 
Merrill College. Stamford, Conn. 

After Mr. Baldwin. 

Editor Pf.nman'.s Art Journal: 

In tlie April number of The Journal, J. Howard 
Baldwin of Lockport, N. Y., inquires " Who next Y " 
I don't know that I am next, but be it known that 
I am in line for practical penmanship. 

He says: ■■ .Vi.rril rlnsxrx ailiiiin- fshndnl u-rifiiifl 
moxf. Mi.rr.l rl,iys, ,v, ..,/,/ ;,../ I„i.^iii,-^s iiini. fire those 
wliditi ire till, I, Jliijunnrs nrr iiit, rested most in 
ll'liat the jl ml mi re iikisI/' 

Now, Bro. Baldwin, I supposed we were teaching 
the i/iiiiiin business man. If not, what are they at- 
tending the commercial schools for ? 

The student of music admires the brilliant playing 
of an accomplished pianist. But does he begin on 
Wagner, Strauss, etc. ? By no means. If he desires 
to become expert he takes special work, but the 
masses simply leani the rudiments. 

The highest aim of the teacher is not to cater to 
all the whims of the student, but to develop the 
jmwers so that he will become the useful and success- 
ful man the Creator intended him to become. 

If his students do not find shaded writing difficult, 
tlien our leading p.nnien must be wonderfully slow 
mortals, for which of them developed their beautiful 
stylo of penmanship in a few months' time V Such 
men as Kelchner. Zaner and Bussard will tell you it 
took not only months but years of patient work and 
practice along this special line. 

" All occnsional capital or offhand flourish in the 
irritiiig class catches someflsh that mil bite no other 
bait, and once get them biting, they will eat most 
ain/lhing theij are fed, even shaded business writing." 

Correct, Bro. Baldwin, as far as the last clause 
is concerned, but show the average student the 
advantage of learning the plain unshaded style 
and ninety-nine ont of every hundred will ac- 
knowledge the reasons for this and be content to 
learn it. If a student has an ambition to become a 
professional penman, he will make some plans to do 
special work along that line. 

" If you are to make the broadest success, take the 
piijiils where they are and not where they are not." 

It is very plain the Professor is a very superficial 
thinker. We are to take the pupil where he is, but 
we are also to guide him to where he is not, and 
point out the road tor him to travel to his future 
success. Would teaching our business students the 
art of spreading on a lot of ink make them more suc- 
cessful ? I am very much afraid not. Shaded wilt- 
ing or ornate penmanship is something the masses 
do not need and do not want ; have not time for, and 
would not acquire if they did, even though they 
atliiiire it. It takes altogether too much time and 
practice to acquire a really fine ornate hand, and 
there is anything but beauty in simply a lot of heavy 
shades and a multiplicity of lines. That the masses 

do not want shades is proven by the fact that the 
vertical style is so popular .just now. 

•'Ifit is a bad thing, quit it : if not. pass it around." 
If law is a good thing, why, not put more of it in 
our business schools ? If Mathematics is a good 
thing, why not push more of that into our curricu- 
lum 1 The aim of the comiuercjial teacher is ro teach 
the ;)racf I'ca/ and not the ornamental. 

The average student can acquire a beautiful, legi- 
ble and rapid style of unshaded writing in the time 
required for the regular business course, and I believe 
it is our duty to give it to him. I do not think our 
students and patrons are all such " suckers " as our 
friend from Lockijort would like us to imagine, 
when he talks about his "fish." In fact, it is too 
flsliy. It is like the preacher who showed the fly, 
with which he baited his hook, to prove to his friend 
that he had caught a monster trout, which had been 
stolen. He certainly has shown us his " bait, " but 
I very much fear it would never succeed in landing 
anything in Green Bay. 

Yours fraternally, 

F. D. Lannino, 

Green Bay, Wis. 



EDITOR'S Calendar. 

Ellsworth's Lessons and Lectures on Penmanship 
(Illustrated). On the Philosophy, Physiology, Psy- 
chology and Child Study; Training and Practice of the 
Theory and Art ot Penmanship. 398 pages ; heavy 
board, cloth cover binding. Gold side stamp. Price 
$3. By H. W. Ellsworth. Published by the Ellsworth 
Co , 103 Diiane St., New York. 

For over thirty years H. W. Ellsworth'has had more or 
less to do with every movement that has been for the 
betterment ot writing in America. He published a paper 
devoted to penmanship in general, and Ellsworth system 
in particular, which was probably the first penmanship 
periodical issued regularly in this country. He has been 
a pioneer in a dozen or more improvements in teaching 
writing and holds no end of patents and copyrights. 

The present work, " Lessons and Lectures on Penman- 
ship," is as near an encyclopedia of penmanship as any 
work we have seen. It is divided into five parts and 
appendix. Parti, treating of the rudiments of drawing 
and penmanship ; part 3, lessons on penmanship ; part 3, 
lectures on penmanship ; part 4, penmanship teaching ; 
part 5, principles ot ornamental penmanship. So many 
subjects are treated of and illustrated in these five parts 
that to merely enumerate them would take a good deal 
of space. But sufficient to say that in business writing 
there is a full course of leesons — lessons in ornamental 
writing as well as movement exercises, examples of flour- 
ishing, lettering, drawing, designing, engrossing, initial 
letters. The public school work is not neglected and 
many of Mr. Ellsworth's best ideas are in this part. 
Vertical writing also receives attention. In fact the 
entire work is full of excellent ideas and the book is well 
worth owning and well worth a careful perusal of all 
interested in any department of penmanship. Teachers 
and students (professionals and amateurs) should udd 
this, the latest work of the kind of which we have any 
knowledge, to their libraries. 

The Progressive Commercial Arithmetic. For com- 
mercial schools, high schools and academies. By 
Samuel H. Goodyear, A.M., and Wallace H. Whigam, 
LL.B. Published by Goodyear Publishing Co., 278 
West Madison St., Chicago, HI. Cloth, 390 pages, 
6x9 inches. Side stamp. Price $1.30. Sample copy 
to teachers, 80 cents. 

Messrs. Goodyear and Whigam are both well known as 
thoroughly practical business college teachers and busi- 
ness men. Their experience in the schoolroom and knowl- 
edge of what is required in a business office has enabled 
them to bridge the chasm intervening, and as a result of 
their thought and work " The Progressive Commercial 
Arithmetic " is now on the market. A peculiarity of the 
book is that each subject is introduced with an extended 
mental drill. The elaborate rules and extended defini- 
tions are omitted and the " Learn to do by doing " has 



been fully developed. Instead of memorizing cases, rules 
and processes, the plan of the authors is to teach the 
student to reason and think ; to train the student to meet 
the problems of the counting room and solve them cor- 
rectly. The problems given are plain, practical ones hav- 
ing a business-like air about them, and are not given as 
puzzles and enigmas. This is not an elementary arith- 
metic, but is intended for commercial slasses, colleges and 
high schools, and puts special emphasis on those subjects 
that refer to business calculations. Common and decimal 
fractions, billing, practical measurements, percentage, 
profit and los^, interest, trade discount and bank discount 
are regarded by the authors as the essential parts of a 
commercial arithmetic, and these topics are given em- 
phatic and practical treatment in this text. Many sub- 
jects that were formerly given much space and attention 
in commercial arithmetics have been dropped to make 
place for classes of problems that now engross the atten- 
tion of young business men. 

Corporation Bookkeeping is a Nut Shell. 94 pages. 
Cloth. Gold side stamp. B:y P. H. Grover. Published 
by the Bookkeeper Co , Ltd.. Detroit, Mich. Price $2. 
Bookkeepers, students and teachers having to do with 
joint stock bookkeeping will be interested in tbis new 
publication. It contains a brief, yet full, explanation of 
corporation bookkeeping, how to form a corporation, 
how to open and close the books, how to change an ordi- 
nary set ot books to joint stock books, treatment of man- 

ufacturing accounts, averaging accounts, rules ior locating 
errors in trial balances, short cuts in figures, etc. It is a 
■compact, handy little volume. 
Brown's Poutfolio of Designs. By E. L. Brown, 

Rockland, Me. 41 plates, tJ x 9 inches. Unbound, in 

portfolio. Price 50 cents. 

Some months ago The Journal reviewed the excellent 
work of Mr. Brown in these plates, and it is sufficient to 
say in this connection that this tecond edition has 
strengthened and improved the worn in many places. 
Several designs now appear for the first time. The work 
•embraces business writing, several styles of ornamental 
script, letteriog, drawing, designing, engrossing and a 
n pies of portrait work. 

few ( 


The seaHoii 
nieetiiiK!*. etc 

friends who II , „ ^- - 

ested in the improvement of the writing 

public school County Institutes. Teachers" 

3 (it hand. We feel sure that if those of our 

already teaching in public schools, or inter- 

■■'■■"" "-, public schools. 

? to call the attention of county and city superintendents 
and teachers to The Journal and the low subscription price, 
particularly in clubs, and the combination clubbing rates 
made with the preneral educational publications, the teachers 

So much in earnest are we in this campaign for better wric- 
iUK in the public schools, that we have made combination 
clubbing rates with the general educational publcations that 
amounts practi(!ally to giving The Journal free. For those 
periodicals costing SI or more, the teacher can get two for 
one— that is, the general educational paper and The Penman's 
ArtJouhnaI/. If the teachers who are already subscribers 
to the general publications will state the fact when remit- 
ting, we shall see that their subscriptions are extended rather 
than duplicated. There are some publications that will not 
allow any discount for renewals, but such publications are 
few in number, and if we cannot secure the renewals at the 
clubbing rate we will return the money to the subscribers. 

In the advertising 
I full statement in 
•ates. There will also 1 
vhich we club TheJPen 

.'RNAL will be found 
esp iiimbination clubbing 
ull list of periodicals, with 

The Journal would be pleased to have representatives 

rk of this chai-acter. 

Except a very few copies saved to make complete sets (at 
^l per volume). The Journal is out of the Januarv. Feb- 
■uary, March and April. isfiT. numbers. No club suoscrip- 
ious can be dated bark of Miiv . 

In addition to a great many clubs, a large number of single 
subsrni'tioiis iiii\r l.,.en pouring in during the past few 
month-, niii ;i- 111- uiai.irity date back to Januarv. 1897. this 
upset our I ill. uhitiiiii tnr the back numbers, hence these par- 
ticular is-.ih-. ai. .\liaustcd. It is very seldom that we can 
furnish a mh^I.- . . .j.y uf any particular issue more Ihan'twoor 
three months back The only way to be sure of getting every 
issue is to keep the subscription paid up. 

Of course those on our permanent list will have The Jour- 
nal sent to them until we receive a request to drop the name 
However, these subscriptions are pavable -- - ^ 

^ „j all sub-scriptions. and ^„, 

would save uh much troubln smd als< 
doubt al>out the standing i " 

would pay thes 

. list friends 

'themselves much 
n account if they 

Once agam we desire to ask club subscribers to make com- 
plaints about incorrect addresses, non-recept of papers, etc . 
directly to us rather than to the club sender. It saves time 
and annoyance, and we can see no reason why the club 
sender should be put to the trouble and expense of looking 
the matter up. As explained many times before, in the ma- 
.iority of cases errors in subscriptions ire made outside of 
the office, but we are always glad to look up mistakes and 

them. Then , 
think The Joi 
and is able to 
surprised to 


lieen rec ., . 

to which The Joitrn 


at least one m 
for the June t 

"t a )iaj-tiriiiar i-.sui'. and then 
ii-tli'siri'd ■■■<\<y cannot be sent 
iiNAL subscribers eviden''ly 
m manager is a mind-reader 
change addresses. They are 
.Journal has not reached 
A postscript to the letter 
' ' lix months thev have 
address from the one 





Old Dominion Steamship Co.. Pier 26, North River, 
New York, publishes a paper named TAe Pilot, which con- 
tains a list of delightful sea trips over this well-known line. 
Teachers and students who are looking for sea trips in safe, 
speedy and elegant boats would be pleased with a trip c 

office supplie 
entii-ely new is a 
good quality of | 

of the beautiful, ! 

J steamships of the Old Dominion Line. 

r four : 
next school year will be much u 

are opening in quite large numbers _, 

that expect to open in September. Another indication oif 
prosperity comes from The Penman's Art Journal Em- 

Sloyment Bureau, Never before have we had so many calls 
ir teachers as this season. Employers are eonservatiVe and 
are not oflferlng high salaries, but this very conservatism 
will redound to the teachers' benefit, as there is more cer- 
tainty of the teacher securing all the salary promised. 

The Rochester Bus. Univ.. Rochester. N. Y,, during spring 
and summer will maintain a special training school for com- 
mercial teachers. This has been a special feature of the work 
in this institution for many years, and hundreds of our strong- 
est commercial teachers have taken summer courses at the 
R. B. U. From the number of letters we have received from 
bu,siii.-ss srh.K.l teachers announcing that they would be in 
R'M h. vt. r iluini- the summer, we are led to believe that the 
attcnlan. . will I..- particularly large this summer. Messrs. 
Osb.a n A; WiHiaiu^ report that so far the season of '96 and '97 
J than this institution has had for 

aphite. A striking feature of the pencU, 
_ . _i8h. Instead of the smooth, polished sui-- 
face which is common to high class lead pencils, this par- 
ticular pencil is given a finish which prevents it from slip- 

free to all shorthand and t 

The GoodvearPub, Co. ^'Ts West Madison street. Chicago. 
111., publishes a full line of text-books for commercial 
branches for grammar schools, high schools, commercial de- 
partments and full course commercial schools. They make 
, a specialty of business practice tests and blanks, and" will be 

everal years past. 

The Eagle Pencil Co.. formerly of 7:j Franklin street, is now 
located in an elegant new office building at 379 Broadway, 
New York, where they occupy the entire second floor, which 
has been fitted up in a splendid manner. While this floor, is 
large, it is occupied entirely with office and sales rooms. The 
factory is located on East 13th street. A Journal represen- 
tative who called at the office recently and who had a pleas- 
ant talk with Mr. H. P. Beach, their courteous and well- 
posted advertising manager, was surprised to see the great 
variety of i)ens. pencils, compasses, rulers, etc.. for school and 

variety made. wilTbe 
to pay postage. 

f acturing high grade stove polish, bicycle 1 

dressing. It has been discovered that electri. a; \ i- m- v 

the belt slipping, and of course this produces n \i\-\-.\x waste 
of power, and is also an element of danger bv Are, Dixon's 
Traction Belt Dressing when applied will prevent slipping of 
the belt. 

N. Y. It is bright and snappy and well worth reading. The 
various publications of this firm, especially the 
are briefly described in Vol, 1. No. 1, the April i; 

— L. B. McClees&Co., Philadelphia. Pa., handle all kinds 
of school supplies. They desire to secure agents to represent 
them in all parts of the country. Teachers and others who 
have time during the summer might turn it into money by 
writing to this firm and getting particulars. 


Needed Reforms in the Penmanship 


No. :i. 

A decade ago I thonKht that there was but little 
room for betterment in the art of writing and of 
teachin(< it. save along the line of movement or 
speed. But my then limited horizon has receded 
into the dim but not doubtful distance tintil the 
view is so e.ttended that it reveals many, thing.? for 
the present and future to do. And this new vision 
reveals tlie fact that progress is possible only in the 
proportion that we undo some of our past acts. We 
must learn to be less dogmatic, less positive, less 
confident. We must learn to be charitable to the 
opinion of others and to realize that no matter how 
perfect our methods and practices are they are cap- 
able of improvement. 

In no particular have we revealed our one-sided- 
ness more than in regard to slant in penmanship. 
For generations we have been teaching that writing 
to be practical should slant not less than about 52 
degrees, or 30 degi'ees to the right of the perpendic- 
ular. Many have taught that 4.5 degrees was the 
true slant. But we are now learning that slant is 
an unimportant essential in good writing. We are 
learning slowly, though surely, that so long as writ- 
ing doee not slant to excess it may be good or poor 
at any degree of inclination to the right or left of the 
perpendicular or at the same. 

The advocacy of vertical writing has done wonders 
in showing us our extremity in slant as well as in 
Koiiie other things not the least of which is in our 
reasoning. I do not believe in vertical writing for 
all. any more than I believe in GO degrees slant for 
all. But I do believe now that each individual 
should be allowed to use whatever slant he desired 
so long as it was within the limits of universal usage. 
I believe that some will, if taught rightly, slant their 
writing to the left as naturally as others do the right. 
Some few will slant as much as 4.5 degrees to the 
right or left of 90 degrees, but most will slant less 
tlian ao to the right or left. 

We are learning, too, that there is no " standard " 
for the proportion of letters ; that some prefer long 
loops and small short letters while others equally 
sane and proficient prefer short loops and large, 
short letters. Some prefer compact writing while 
others prefer that which is running. Many of our 
best citizens take as naturally to round turns and 
sharp angles as ducks to water. Others adhere as 
strictly to angular turns and non-retrace angles as 
hens to land. They do this in spite of the fact that 
tliey have been taught neither. Shall we not recog- 
nize these "likings" and " inclinations " in our 
teaching '( Because we have not is no reason that 
we shall not. I know that many are now saying 
that they have not been doing some of the things 
hinted at in these papers. But if they have not been 
teaching these things, I would like to know what 
they have been doing. Surely not much of anything, 
for instruction in penmanship in the past has con- 
sisted mainly of shade, curvature, three-space-loops, 
semi angular turns. 52-degree slant, and whole arm, . 
combined, or muscular movements. No wonder 
teachers and educators disliked penmanship. I don't 
see how I liked it so well. I liked it because I knew no 
better. I know now why some " hate " fine penman- 
ship. They dislike even the looks of it because of 
its many rules and restrictions. They see in it more 
of training than of beauty, or rather they do not see 
enough beauty in it to .iustify the training necessary 
for its development. 

I am free to confess that this is an extreme view 
of the ipiestion— just the same as those who see 
more beauty in fine penmanship than in fine paint- 
ing. Both are extremes. I can see beauty in both, 
but the more of it I see in the latter, the less I see in 
the former. True. I still teach ornamental penman- 
ship, but I do so because there is a demand for it, 
and because it serves as a stepping stone to something 
higher. The ornate in penmanship is all right in 
engrossing, but it is out of place In the business of 
e.\pressing thought. 

It is mv present candid opinion that slant, propor- 
tion, angularity, rotundity, spacing, etc., are quali- 
ties in penmanship that should be more largely 
molded by the individual than we have heretofore 
believed. In other words, these things should con- 
form to the indi^^dHal. not the individual to them. 


In the past we have fitted the pupil to the " stand- 
ard " hand, but in the future we will suit the hand 
to the individaul pupil. By so doing we will go a 
long way toward making writing pleasurable rather 
than repulsive. I know that many will not agree 
with me in these suggestions and accusations, but if 
these papers will lead to thought, even though an- 
tagonistic at present, their purpose will not be void 
of fruit. Thought leatls to action, action leads to re- 
sults, and I have enough confidence in the proposed 
reforms to believe that investigation and experiment 
will prove my suggestions to be progressive. 

THE EDITOR'S Scrap Book. 

PeDnien*s Excbaiise Department. 


"W. B. Baker. Orpha, W. Va. 

J. T. F. Laughner, Whitestown. Ind. 

Miss Jessie G. Prescott. 58 Nashua St., Wobiirn, Mass. 
— Remember that it costs nothing to join the Penmen's 
Exchange Department. Those who ;de8ire to join have only 

assumed in becoming a member of the Exchange is to send 
specimens of your best work to all the other members of the 
Exchange. This forms a nucleus for a splendid scrap book 
collection, and every penman, whether professional or ama- 
teur, ought to have one or more large scrap books filled with 
examples of the best work of brother penmen. There is in- 
struction and inspiration in such a collection and it repays, 
J times over, the cost in money and labor of preparing 

writes a rigorous, clean-cut hand- A set of plain shaded capi- 
tals lately received from him shows excellent work. 

— J. SI. Reaser, penman Dover. N. J., B C, submits some 
plain and ornamental writing that indicates he understands 
now to handle the pen. 

— L. H. Jackson, penman Va. B. C. Richmond. Va.. writes 
a dashy ornamental stylo. Some cards lately received from 
him shows it. 

— From J. A, Elston. Canton. Mo., we have received some 
ornamental writing and flourish, both good. 

— F P. Gaynor. penman Childs B. C Athol, Mass.. sends 
The Journal some good business writing. 

— D. E. Henry. Ottawa, Out,. B. C . favors us with a sample 
of business writing, plain as print. 

— E. H. Graver. Ebensbureh, Pa., who has learned to write 
a business hand that is equal to the majority of professionals 
from following instructions in The Jouhnal, has sent us 
some spiral oval exercises that are as fine as. anything we 
have seen in this line. 

— J. J. Reese. Newnan. Ga . forwards as his contribution a 
variety of script and a neat offhand flourish. Mr. Reese is a 

— W. B Baker sends a pen sketch. 

— Model business writing has been received 'from the fol- 

SUideni^* Siiecitnens, 

— R. C, Metcalfe, teacher of penmanship in Woods' Coll,, 
Ashland. Pa., has sent a full size legal cap page of writing of 
each student in his writing class Every letter is clear and 
plain, and the touch of the majority light and elastic, the 
word and letter spacing excellent ana a good movement sus- 
tained throughout. It is excellent business writing, and is 
the best proof that Mr Metcalfe understands how to teach. 

— T. T. Wilson, of the Brockton, Mass , B. U., sends a pack- 
age of examples of writing taken from the ordinary class 
work of his pupils. Movement exercises, word and sentence 
writing, small and capital letters are all represented in the 
specimens sent, The work is very uniform, and ha.s form, 
speed, and movement in every line. If this can be taken as a 

m^le of his work, Mr. Wilson is rapidly improving the 

ing specimens from leading penmen will soon build up a col- writing of the young people of Brockton 



-'V^-Z^O-.^L.'-^ o-v jLk^^clX\A 


after years when looking over the collection, these specimens 


— Teachers of penmanship will find a scrap book collection 
of the work of leading penmen to be a wonderful help in 
their teaching. It will not only furnish ideas for themselves, 
but they can place these specimens in the hands of their 
pupils to use as models, and in this manner let the students 
see the work of many expert penmen, 

— P. O Gardiner, penman of the Stockton. Cal., B. C. has 
made rapid strides in his mastery of the pen, For accui-ate, 
graceful writing, whether slant or vertical, business or orna- 
mental, he is among our best young penmen. 

— E. L. Glick, Gloucester, Mass,, B. U., whose work we 
have shown many times and whose specimens appeared in 
the April Journal, has sent us a package of cards that would 

Public School Work. 

— Miss Clara Banks, special teacher of writing, Osage, 
Iowa, public schools, has sent by express several himdred 
sheets of work showing movement exercises, word and sen- 
tence writing, together with capital letter work of the pupil.^ 
under her instruction. The movement exercises are particu- 
larly well done and all the work is written with freedom. It 
demonstrates once more that rapid forearm movement writ- 
ing can be taught in the public schools when there is some 
one at the helm who understands how to teach it. 

— Chandler H. Pierce. Supervisor of Writing. Evansville. 
Ind.. public schools, favored The JouttNAL with a large 
package of pupils" specimens, embracing fifteen or twenty 

with his work. 

— L. W. Hammond, Batavia, N. Y., favors us with a spatter 
work drawing, " The Easter Egg." representing a chicken in 
an egg. It is neatly done. 

— D. E. Johnson. Troy. N. Y.. B, C. sends several well writ- 
ten cards. 

— Script from the pen of L. M. Kelchner. No. HI.. Nor. 
School, Dixon. 111., is always a delight. We have before us a 
specimen of his abbreviated business script, and it is a model 
of accuracy and beautiful in its simplicity. 

. — J- L- Zwickey. Supervisor of Writing, Storm Lake. Iowa, 
IS not only a gooa business writer, but is able to turn out sev- 
eral styles of script and do some excellent flourishing. Speci- 
mens from his pen have led us to see this. 

— J. T. F. Laughner. Wliitestown. Ind,. sends business and 
ornamental writing, which is good. 

— All>ert Backus, penman Lincoln Nor. Univ.. Normal. 
Neb., sends some business and ornamental writing and some 
automatic pen work, all good. Mr. Backus has made great 
improvement the last year. 

— P.;H. Shinn, Prin. and Prop. Muscatine. Iowa. B. C, 

competent supervisor. 

— Miss Loava Durham, teacher of penmanship and music 
in the Bushnell, El., public schools, has sent The Jouhnal 
some samples of movement work of Mazie Harris and Eugene 
E. Hummer, each aged fourteen. Considering that this is 
their first year in movement work, the exercises are well 
made. We nope Miss Durham will push the movement idea 
until she reacties many of the lower grades. The school 
board of Bushnell should back her up in this matter. As this 
is the first year of movement work for these fourteen-year- 
old pupils, we have been wondering what kind they must 
have been taught last year. Why wait until pupils are four- 
teen years of age before giving them a chance to learn to 
write with the forearm movement '! 

Notice to Customers of E. L. Click. 

— E. L. Glick. formerly of New England Bus. Uni., Lowell. 
Mass.. but now principal and proprietor of the Gloucester. 
Mass.. Bus. Uni.. requests us to announce that owing t ' ^~ ' 

which destroyed his college buiding. he lost his order book 
and a number of orders received from his advertisement in 
The Journal. If those whose orders remain unfilled will 
write to Mr. Glick he will attend to the matter promptly- 


Jost what teachers need j 
for themselves and their j 
popik — I 


Costs but A CENT at sta- j 
tioners, or sample mailed ■ 
for two-cent stamp. i 

18-24 Washington PI., New York i 

The Williams & Rogers 
Rochester Business University, 

Rochester, N. Y., 

Conducts a Summer School for 
Commercial Teachers, Advanced 

Regular Business and Shorthand 

Two 3'cent Stamps pay part of the 
postage on a Catalogue. 



"Artmlrftbly ailaptoii to the iiee'l< nf the average 
Btuclenl. anil Just ihc tliliiR for class-drill." 
Sanipli- ropv sent for four a-ceiit slampi. 
A 5u-cent Vest-Hocket Cyclopedia aiul a copy o( 
Oramiiiar-chart aciit for fourteen (I4i •^■ceni stumps. 
SatlsrncLlon, or mouey refunded. Aflrtresa 

J. H. BUY%\T. Chestnut St. Phllidelphla. 

lOOO Slieets Faper. 

500 HheetH for 7.7 ceiit». 

t.'nNli with oi-(Ut. By cxprpHN or frciclti 
(uol prritaifli-rnu'r be mcui by iiiiiil. 


'iO'i Ilr.MKlway. New York. 


For The Journal — made of press- 
board, strong, simple, durable 
Holds two to three years" Journals. 

PENMAN'S Art Journal, 

202 Broadway, New York. 

S~Ti"6R T HAND !;r,r,i;«>^ 
and Spanish TAltiHT ItV 11.411, jiiul 

Esterbrook's New Pens 


Vertical Writing. 

If not, yon should lose no time in writing 
for samples, and then ordering supplies 
through the stationer. 

No. 5.56, Vertical Writer, fine. 

No. 570. Vertical Writer, medium. 
You will be sure to like them, as they 
are exactly adapted for their purpose. 

Tlie Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 


Works, CAMDEN, N. J. 


are ideal points for a restful and quiet 
stay, raid pleasant surroundings. 

The handsome large 

Steamships of the... 


the addil 

nal i 

triji. under the most favorable conditioos 

of cuisine and accoraraodations. 

For full information, apply to 

Old Dominion Steamship Co., 

Pier 26, North River, Ne%s- York. 
W. L. GLIILLaUDEU. VIce-Pres. and Tralflc Mgr. 


can be kept on DIXON'S American Graph- 
ite PENCILS, without breaking off every 

They write the smoothest and last the 
longest. Ask your dealer for 


or mention Penman's Art Journal and 
send i6 cents for samples worth double the 




UnivcrsaJly Famed for The 

Made of the best t 


ntil it is I 

after continuous u 


We take pleasure in quoting: a few- selected words of commendation 
from leading authorities : 

" I consider your steel j 

" Barnes' Steel Pens ba\e the reputation for jfiving such general satisfaction that those who* 
have used them look on them as old and welcome friends." 

as very fine." 

E. CORLISS, Supr. of Penmanship, Public Schools, Dennis, Mass. 
" They are the best pens I have ever used." 

S. G. TUHNER. Cashier Bank of Swainsboro, Swainsboro. Ga. 
' We And them to be as good, if not superior to, any we have ever used.' 
\v; Hi: " 

GEO. W. HILL & CO., Wholesale Gr 
A ful line of Samples sent on receipt of lo cts. 

Ts, Covington. Ky. 

A. S. BARNES & CO., Mfrs., J56 Fiftfi Ave., New York.. 




It denotes Pleasure, Convenience 
and Genuine Satisfaction. 





Three gentlemen for a European tour purchased new hundred dollar 
bicycles. One a Columbia — the others of well-known high-grade 
manufacture. They had an agreeable trip — particularly the Colum- 
bia rider. Before returning to America, it being late in the year — 
and wishing to buy new machines in I897^they sold their wheels 
to a London dealer. The Columbia bicycle brought $65.00. The 
others $40.00 and $35.00 respectively. But one of the many proofs 
of Columbia superiority. If you look a year ahead there is w^ise 
economy in 


HARTFORDS, =^75, *60, *50, *45 

Better than almost any other bicycles. 


The Quick Schools 

r. Wbul U the u»i' ol wiiitiiii! iiiilil the field is i>ii'keil 
brr roil tvnul has coiilinrleil nilli xoine one r\av < 

The Quick Teachers 

niipirrialF the lad above net lorlli anil |in 
lalli'Bt ailvnnlauc of if. 

We Charge Nothing 






tobllshPfl I860. UilBlnf . - - 

Prepamtoo' ■ Ind ivli 

nnmm y^^ j ''hkeB. p1 

Shorthand. PeomanBhlp, 
tton. 600 9tu- 
Wrlte for full 

drM« Richmoiid 
Collase Co. 


VtasbrUle. Uenn. 

Guarantee Position. Aco^pt 

posit inouey m Uuk till [jositn^n 


ijiJoweaV.y l!..,' ■ ■■ -■ ' ■' - '■■ '■' -i'- 

wfaere. No vm ■! 

ICllOolB. Willi' .. ' ■ ■ ■ i :■ ^ ) 



verslty.Gnind BiiIMIdk. Peaditree St., Atlaiitft,Ga. 



London. Cumi. Prt'sent demand for graduate!) of 
the supply. Catalogue 

ND TYPEWRITING, Stamford. Conn 
okkeeolnK. Banklne, Penman 
vpenTitlnK, Telegraph 


lish. Oermun and Architecture. Terras of 
reasoDiible. Send for catalogue. BI. A. MERRILL 


NESS COLLEGE. Open throughout the year. Stu- 

Louliivllle, Ky. 


SPENCERIAN Commercial and Shorthand School 

1. Ohio. K»itatilt8hed 1M8. Incorporated 
" " " 'us. circulars' -- 

IB, Dayton, 
Long established. 


149 South nth St., Brooklyn. N. Y. Catalugues 
freeonajiptloatlon, pemonallyorbyletter. HENRY 
C. WRItJHT. PrIncipaL 


wpgo, N. Y. Oood positions secured all .short- 
hand [iiiplls when competent. Bouk-keepiny and 
tn:uman.thip by lirst-class teacher. Spanish taught 
by a native Spaniard from Spain. AU these 
liranclicH taught by mnf/, aNo Spanish shorthand 
by tho tJraham and Beiin Pitman systems. Clr- 
1 /trst lesson Ut shotihand free. Write 



I25thSln-.'i \.^s ■,..,1. \ ^■ , i-.-celves D-jy stu.l- 

know'n'Th . *'""**" '^^'^^^ ^^y^^' 

haTliiROM ;-■ ■■■ !■ .1'.' ili-sl«ue't 'to afforil 

the best pi,,. I ; ,111 [,., t>it?rcantllei.iirsuiu. 

The Hchoulf. niso ^iippi> (>„,s,Hf8s Mtrn with satis- 
factory ossi.siuuts^ and .st'iure positions for com 
Sctent students. Terms moderate. No vacations. 
ataloBue free. CARRINUTON GAINES. President 


cisco. For 30 years the largest private school west 
of Chicago. 12.UU0 former pupils i 



Military Institute, 


EiiElish, Classical, Scientific, 
and Business Courses. 



Utv-n Pa Intlorsed bv l,.ailluB educators. It has 
a !iati(>na( reputation. Prospectus and Commence- 
iiieut proceedings seut ou appllcatloD. 



s,)i.,ol of Shorthand and Penmanship. Lowell, 
M .i ^s No vacation. Jourual tree. GLICK & YOUNG. 


tario. 2Hthyear. W. B. ROBINSON, J. W JOHN- 
SON, F. C. A., principals for l& years. Most widely 
attended business college In America. Address 
ROBINSON & JOHNSON. BellevlUe. Ontario, Can. 


~ ' SHAW. Principal. Central Business Col- 
W. J. ELLIOTT. Principal. 


Two great Canadian schools, well-h 
out the Dominion for superior work. 




in Spenceriaii Script, - 


Ornate Script 
12 in lutermedial Script, 
12 in Vertical Script, 
12 in Card Writing, - 5- S 

Hartford Business College, | 



McPherson, Kansas. 

Lessons by mail. Sample artistic writing— 
" ->- - — — ' -nous fine flowing In 
ed pen study 14 x 17 

Sample qt. < 

The above Si worth all for fl 

ONB Dozen Cards, i5c.; Buslneas Capitals, 

Fancy Capita" "■ "■ --- -- --• 

binatlons, 13< 

Sheet of Ornamental Con 

Box 3, Elsmere, 

mail. 5 different sets engravers' copper-plate cap 

itals. ' 
, B. CUSHnAN. The • 

ivill send to any addn 

graved SpecliH' 
penworfc. and 
and Informal 

penworfc. 1 
and Infori 
Lessons by mail. 

of his unequaled si 

. Photo-En 

Books (In 

Irculars giving full description of, 

ncernlng. "Auto" supplies. 

If Instructing '• Auto " Copy 

ibers), Enxravlng, Designing, etc., 

tamp. " The Best Is Cheapest." 

SOnBTHINQ NEW : A Beautiful School Sons. 

Sheet Music. Elaborate pen picture as frontla- 
8 copies, 50c. Address 

r copy. 



Academy. Shorthand, Typewriting and Telegraiib 


<ATALOQUES of The Capital City Commercial 

i'"[lii;<> (iiid the Capital City School of Shorthiiiid 
i^.UU '".'*''"' ^^^^ to Intending students. Address 
MEHA.S & McCAULEV.Oesiaoines. Iowa. These 
instjiutlons are tlrat-class business training schools. 



A. STONK. Prvs., Is not the BEST, hut uo other 
wiinl Mil! d.-.ilbt- It beL-auselt Is HONEST. 



■ oblique holder, t 
„lllotfs No. 004 p 
. Method ruling cards. 

two doz.. 9i.00. Glllotfs 

lie; onegTO,.n8c. Method „ _- 

■clpe, 13c.; either one free with 31.00 ordtr. 

Unl.t Gloucester 


the work Is nocsa 
erly adjusted, 2i 
Half stick, r 

Instruction. 12 lessons 

IllDg.' »5. 

n. 131t__ 
By taking one of the 
make wonderful Inir 
auteed. Samples 10 

SEND 35 CENTS lor tine specli 

Lettering and F" ' ' ' 

derful improvement. Satisfaction guar 

H.u-u. ■ 

( """*' 



. _JSJ> _._ 
Cincinnati. O. 
. M. JONES, Pen Artist, 

Pittsburgh, Pa. One doz. b 
specimens of pen wo 

Bartlett's Bos. Co 

Mahon Avenue, 

ards. 26 cts. ; 
; resolutions, 

sorted cards, 26 ( 

A. D. 

Course of Twenty Lessons In Writing for only Ten 
Dollars. Terms, one-half in advance. Address A 
D. TAYLOR, ualveston Bus. Unl., Galveston, 
Ter. 1 ( 

A. E. PARSONS, Creston, Iowa, Sticks to the 
which has been a helpful^ 


, and I will send yoii ( 
ways of writing It, with Instrucil 

NAME. Send i 

Mant" HJ)0. 

In cmswerino advertinemenVi eigncd by a nom~de- 
plume, delays and mimtakes are avoided by sealing 
and stampltm the repHes ready for mailino arid 
wriUng the Tiom-de-plume iti a aynwr, t)ien inclos- 
iiiQ mich seated replies in an envelope addressed to 
The Penman''s An Journal, £02 Broadway, New 
York. Postage must be sent for foriaa/rding Cata- 
logues, Newspapers, Photographs, <fcc. 

Situations 'C3aiante&. 

r |1HE.PENM A ^'^_A_RT JOr U N AL TE A < 1 1 

n.l have hi). I four y.-iirs' exper 

hr loll; helghtSft. UHlu-; 
I -, fair salary: ready Sept. 
■ AL." care of Pesmas's art 

t i.f pen.. Eclectic Short., 

, type., all bus. 

idai-d work on 
eight 175: height 

ices; ready J ' 

EHT ACCOUNTANT," care of Pei 

rled. Good references; ready June I 


,\l>l \TF. •! 

iiiercini, auil nbu ' 
binnckeeoul)'. It b 
topetker. A Ibi' 



select good teacheraforvoodftchoiils. 

Small tee is charged the tencbei* : uti chnrue 
is iimde to tbe school. Uelinhle schools seek- 
iuE trncbers. itnd nell •iitaliHed, reliable 
tcacbeis seckina places are wanted for out 
lists. Nil otheis need anply. Address PEN- 
REAI. iOi llloadwnv New Yorlt. 
\ <;i( VDI ATK .-< 1 iilcoursc. wlionlsoh,,. 


1023 Coliseum St., New Orleans. La. 

W; E. DENNIS, 357 Fulton St., Brooklyn. N. Y., 

Engrosser aud Designer. 
WHAT Hammond says about Castronogrraphy. 

a 12 page booklet with beautiful specimen of 
knife work sent for 10c. Best blank cards. Lowest 
prices. ^ samples free. L. W. HAMMOND, Ba- 

THE best ink made. Qet sample pint 10 cts. 


D. S. HILL, Penman, Marlon, Ky. Beautiful 
flourUh -0 cents, caps, business and faiicv lo 
cents, mall course S» Ou, cards 15 cents All kinds 
of order wort. 

E. K. DAVIS, Pen Artist, Nashville, Tenn. 
Cours.' of 12 le;;-^on^ln business writing. 83.' u; U' 

iii-at or card writing per 
■'" '^■'■* *■' ^-' ids 

Designs of all" 
, Newport, R. 


p. M. SIS^M)N. h-cnman. Newport. R.I. BeaU' 

c, your nam.' on l dozen cards MO cts.,— 12 les- 
ns In penmanship by mall 82.50. 
S. HISER, Wr iting Supervisor Public 
Schools. Richmond, 


jd; weight 


.. M. E..' 

)d references. Li>\ 





Address " WORKEk.'care 
I' Eelectlo Short., hookkeep.. 


\t HKK wltti 


I ' i\|ie.and art. I'air nulury. n'adj . 

- L. K. C." care of Penman's ,•' 

('"," ':'■':'■:■■' 

~ experience. He, 
I .-.(t.7Hln.:m8rrl 
Address " A, v. 

I 'ff, \fll 1 - 

ACAPABI.E TEACHER of bookkeep 
Pltriian Short., pen., com*! law. type' 
B1.C1I., polu, (.con.. hl8lorv. lit., ftc. Is open for 

married. Goo! I 


(iuod he«lMt.i 

helBht 5 ft. (1 In.: unmarried.'^ Cioqd' 

i-(*alury. Address " G. N. 1.," 

HealtL L'o...l; (iLTi- :{'.', weliilil lin); height o ii 
married. Good references. Fair salary: reath 
time. Address "L. I. F.," care of Penman's Art - 

rpKAC'IIKIt of rom-l branches, slant and \. i 



M ' -' 

If bns. coll., with 3 years 


-I' pen., bookkeep., arlth.. 
bus. pract., gram. Can 


teaching experience 

mans an.i .ihr , i,.x[-. aud Miinson Short. Good 
health: am- HU: \vv\Kiii Itin; heleht 6 ft. uj^in.; mar- 
ried. Good refereuceg. Wants fair salary. Address 
"E. C.A. "care of Penman's art Journal. 

Xleacbers TOIlanteJ). 


"US' IIVKIiAU. Pciiinansl ' 
It mill Hliorlhand and ty 

ERS' IIVKKAU. Penmanship, Com. 
......(-lal, nmi Hliorlhand and typewriting 

brnnclieiianly. It bilnKateaiherBand Bcliooln 
toiictlier. A larire aciiunintnnee amonii 
•rfiools anil teacliers enniiles tiie manaiie- 
Ri*""*,!" '**''ect aooil teaeherHforBOOflNchools. 
!!«iiinli lee IM cliarved tile teacher i no charue 
in made to the arboal. Reliable schnolK seek- 
inir teacherH. and well Qunlifled. reliable 
teachern seekins pliicea are wanted for our 
liMts. yn iitherN need apply. Address PEN- 

{"* n;s a ut .1 ouKNA L* Teachers' Bu. 

REAL'. 20-2 BroH<lway, New York. 

WANTED.— A arst-class penman who can teach 
penmanship jind other com'l branches. A good 
salary paid to a good man. Address " PROMPT PAY," 
'■^fe of Penman's Art Journal. 202 Broadway. New 



oftheU.S. ttDd UfiD. If (luuliflea and you desire a 
good position you should enroll with us at once— 
don't wait until all of the best places are taken. 
Chargea. one haif usual rates. We recommend. Write _ 
today fo}- full information anil "What Others Say andj 

Selionis desiring superior teachers of any kind s 

B, nll-arouud tea'.-her and Beun Pitman short- 
Mo., pen. and Benn Pitman; N. Y., Isaac 

oil., also pen. EnHtern State. 

Ph., also ElIU Bookkeep. 




OAV. Pa. 

nted. \. Y.,alsoW & R. bo. 1 
,:REG».i.-Pncific CoRot, M 

W. T. PARK.!^* Mirr., 

Equitable Teachei 



MLrrii .h J II Ml i|;s|-:, I'l'-in. Hartford Business Coll. 

BUREAU. a»»*.* Bron«Iwny, N. Y. 

The lrt97 eiriiiloyni.-nt srasnii i.4 iinv opi-n iiiid we 

year. Well pr.piireil teactuTs (w 
perlence) are in dtmaud. There 
other kind. During 1890 we had t^ 


Utrong, all round r 

Pa., Ellis system 

N. J., Strong 

com 1 teacher and penninn. N. V.. BookkeepInK 
and Eclectic shorthand N, Y., Bookkeeping and 
Uement Shorthand. Pnrifir (.'on»«(. Com 1 and 
Graham Short. Pa., Conn., all-rouud comi, strong 
In iniittM-mallcs, pen and discipline. M«.. all-rouiul 
tf.q<.liHi- {in., all-round teacher. O., all-round 

\ - 1 1 Mi.Uer. In (I.. English and flue penman. 

Niii.. rii'l teacher, good dtsctplinarlan. Pacific 
<i..i-i, ill-round com'l. Pa., pen and com'l. 
I lit.. iiiri, Md., pen., short-hand and type- 
tvMiiii^ lliit^H., pen. and assist in bookkeeping, 
rill., oMii'l ami English. Mo., pen and comi. 
n.. ^■^llll■l. Ii.HDf«., all-round comT teacher, need 
not lie fine penman ; strong, experienced man 
>\ ,1 iited. Pen., <. oni'l and I. Pitman shorthand f* r High 
MhooUnear New York), »1.00U (orlO mos. N. Y., pen. 
and book. W, Va., all-round com'l teacher as man- 
ager of small school. N. Y., all-round teacher {com'l 
and shorthand). Teuu.. young penman to teach and 
take bus. and short, courses In part p'm't. N. H., 
all-round man as manager ana teacher. N. J., 
strong all-round man and good penman, good school, 
good salary. N. Y„ flrst-class penman and good 
teacher for lariie school. Neb., prln. of com'l and 
pen. depts. nor. school. Mo„ English and nor. 
branches M«..pen. and Benn Pitman shorthand. 
Pa., all-round (Ellis sysiem) man. III., law, Eng- 
lish and arlth. Ind., com'l and pen. or com'l and 
short. Mat«ii., pen. and com'l. Masts., all-'ound 
man as teacher and manager. Oa„ math, and book- 
keep. WiH., prln. of bus. dept. on shares. Fla., 

Miuii., pen. and 

pen. and short. 

- Neb., pen. and 

shares. Pa., all-round strong man lover 
of age t. Neb., pen. and short, on shares ; 
. „.. — ok. and gram., N. Y., book., shorthand, 
arlth,, etc., who Is good penman; Mhbs., good all- 
round com'l; Pacific Coast, all-round com'l ; 


ECLECTIC.-Ohio. com'l also; N. Y., good 
opening; No. D., Teacher to take Interest In school- 
MaHH.t Wis. I HaM., one who can Invest small 
amount ; Obio; N. Y,, bookkeeping also. 

GRAHA3I.-Pa.,al6open., Pa.i Vn.(Pa..also 
arlth.. gram, and com'l If called upon ; Wis., also 
book. Pacific Coast, com'l also. 

PITMAN.-Wesi Va.i Pa. i N. Y.. male 
teacher ; Western Imitate, Eng. and com'l also ; 


We have over four thousand vacancies for teachers each season— several times as many vacancies as 
members. Wt- must have more members. Several plans : two plans give free renistratlon ; one plan GUAR- 
ANTEES a satisfactory position for the coming Fall. Ten cents, silver or stamps (the regular price Is 25 cts.), 
pays for a 100-page book, explaining the different plans, and containing a complete gSOO.OO Prize Story, a 
true and charming love story of College days. No charge to employers for recommending teachers. Address 
RET, DR. 0. M. SUTTOX, A. M.. Pres't and Manager, Southern Teachers' Bureau, Louisville, Ky. 

SP*T?r^, TAT TSsT^^ ^***^ ^^"^ general education want«d for department 
in Pvnn^vhaa^rt aiid other Sh te""*"? ■'" "'**'' ^^chonls. Preparatory Schools and Colleses 
tions imy'ing Sm to S7U per month, if thev 
arawinar. For further information, address 
». I.. MYEItS A- CO., Ed.ieniionnl Itiiildinif, HarriNbiiig. PENNSYLVANIA. 

; \V. Vii., shorthand, i. 
lal and shortha 

Pa. school. One for Southern school. 

school, Odi 


For New York Commercial School. 

Information about such of these vacancies a.s re 
main untllled will be sent to all who register li 
The Penman's aiit Tmiwv.i te-.i^hitrb' nrti!F*r 
Blanks and partlculi 

! for N. Y. school One for Pa. scto 

upon appllcatlo 

Justness (^pportuntttes. 

All business subjects, 
stenography, typ e - 
writing, languages. 
Day and evening. 
Begin any time. 


. school proprietor. 

rltlng and drawing, etc.. The Joui 

peniiolder or something 

school proprietors and teach' 
*'"" and drawing, e"- '""" '' 
'111 put you In 

Ith thi 

of the 'kind 

partner for some'business enterprise, etc. Th'ls Is the 

column to put you in communication with the rleht 

The price is S'^.SO each insertion for nils. 
■ If two in 

S5) the ad 

incb. If two 

I third iosertio 

be paid loi 
will be ent 

PARTNER WANTED.-In a well advert! 
and thoroughly ei|u!ptjrii Inisiiiessi'nllck'i', l-ira 

~-\UiU- taking a partriri .uM ■■<:<■ r. ■■ -i ■ 





want to make a fortune In a few years by conducting 
a business college on business i ' ' '" " ' 

handling our books? Read the foil 

favorably known that 
the public justice, codo 
■Itory In_the United 

■ justice, considering I 



sons who dei 
pared and havi 

low our advice, will receivi 

■ day for bookkeepci 

in bookkeeping . 

strongly and generally 

I- Ive almost dally, orders f m 
■ nerchants from all se 

I of the United States, as well as forelRn 

I. for 

book on bookkeeping at SI 0.00 p 
- ■ ' Notonecopy ' 
colleges and t 

bookkeeping In thirty days. When 
■jookkeeplng Is well advertised Itlsal- 
rompetlclon. When we sell territory we will fun 

returned. Over ■! 
copies of our late bni 

bookkeeping Is well advertised Itlsalnuist an otfsei 

■■ "on. When we sell terr 

almost cost, allowing ( 

' agents the full 
r j)artlcular8 ad- 

Business Coliege.' Na8hv"irie7'Tenn7, 

FOR SALiK.— The good will and plates of a wel 
advertised and widely used set of writing lessons 
Copper plate engravmg ; thousands of dollars spem 
In advertising ; International reputation. Reason foi 
selling : conflicts with present business of owner. A 
good thing for a hustling advertiser. Address "WRIT 
ING LESSONS." care Penman's ART Journal. 

Scbools jfor Sale. 

TF YOU WISH to sell your school, or to buy one 
■ "-'■" find a partner, The Journal's Want c 

adv't In these column 

ch in 

tion tor ads. 

vill be entitled to a third iusertioa free, it 

I to exceed one iuch. If 
paid for^iii ad vauce ($(.;& 


FOR SALE.— A thoroughly established Buslne-ss 
College In one of the moat progressive cities of 
the U.S. A No. 1 reputation. Address "GILT EDGE." 
care of Pexman's Art Journal. 

SCHOOL FOR SALK,~»400 or gtOOO will buy 
one of two schools now paying well. Located la 
city of over 20.000, no opposition. Terms, cash or 
trade for city property or farm land. Address " 174«," 

L LE.~A Business College In Ohio will be 

small capital. School has a reputation of doing goo>l 
work and students holding good positions. Must be 
sold. Don't write unless you mean business and 
have some money. Address " A. Z.." care Penman's 



ffoc Sale oc ^ra^e. 


"AVE YOU some rare works on penmanship, 
able pen specimens, some penman's 
hfng that you want to sell or trade I 

^ ... this column will talk to the largest 

_„„ ...„,.t select audience Interested in things of this 
kind that It Is possible to And. You may have some 
dead property on hand that you want to turn Into 
money, or to trade for -somethmg you can use. Try an