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rEBRUABY 15, 1861, * MABCH 1, 1862. 


coMBSENcnra 1756. 




Orders in Council RssPECTiNa Letters of 
Marque, 1756. 

At the Court at kenwngton the 5"" day of October^ 1756. 


The Kings most Excellent Majestj in CoandL 


Complaint has been made to His Majesty, by Order of the King 
of Spain, that some of the Private Ships of War, belonging to Bri- 
tish Subjects, have, since the Declaration of the present War with 
France, seized, and brought into Port, certain Spanish Ships, without 
sufficient Cause, and contrary to the Stipulations of the Treaty made 
between the two Crowns in 1667. His Majesty upon Consideration 
there^ was pleased with the advice of His Privy Council, to direct, 
that an Additional Instruction should be prepare4 for his Royal Sig- 
nature, in order to put a Stop to such Practices for the future. And 
the said Additional Instruction having been aiccordingly prepared and 
signed by His Majesty. It is thereupon this day Ordered by His 
Majesty in Council, that Copys of the said Additional Instructions' 
be transmitted to the Governors, or Commanders in Chief, of all His 
Majesty's Colonys and Plantations in America, that His Majesty's 
Pleasure in this Behalf may be made known to the Commanders of all 
SQch Ships and Vessels as may have Letters of Marque, or Commis- 
sions for Private Men of War agAnst France. 


An Additional Instruction for the Commanders of all such Ships 
and Vessels as may have Letters of Marque or Commissions for 
Private men of War against the French King, his Vassals and 
T a Subjects, or others Inhabiting within any of his Countries, 
Territories, or Dominiona Given at Our Court at Ken- 
sington, the Fifth Day of October, 1756, in the Thirtieth year of 
Our Reign. 

Whereas, Complaint has been made unto Us by Order of our 
good Brother the Catholick King, that some of the Private Ships of 
War belonging to our Subjects, have since the Declaration of the 
present War with France, seized and brought into Port, certain Spa' 


nish Ships^ witBont sufficient Causo, and contrary to the Stipulations 
of the Treaty made between the two Crowns in 1667, WE do strictly 
forbid all Commanders of such Ships and Vessels as may have Letters 
of Marque or Commissions for Private Men of War to molest the Per- 
sons, or interrupt the Navigation of the Subjects of the Crown of Spain 
or to seize or detain any Ships or Vessels belonging to them, on any 
Pretence whatever, unless on Account of Contraband Goods and Mer- 
chandize on board the same. AND WE do farther enjoin and com- 
mand all those who may be in any wise herein concerned, to observe 
all and every Part of the Treaty abovementioned, in such manner as 
to avoid and prevent all Disputes' with the Officers, Commanders and 
Subjects of his Catholic Majesty. 

Bif His Majestt/'s Command, 

H. FOX. 

An. Inventokt of Provisions anb Stores now at 
Fort Axtqusta. 

October the 6th 1756. 

25 barels of beef, 6 pair of Maul rings 

10 Do. of porke, 97 falling Axes, 

4 Do. of pease, 12 broad Axes, 

1 Do. of Clams, 4 Adzes, 
16,000 W*- of flour, 10 Spades, 
6 Cags of Rum, q* 60 gals.^ 10 Shovels, 

5 head of Cattle, 8 Drawing knives, 
80 Sheep, & frows, 

20 bushel of salt, 4 Crows, 
*4 Cags with bullets^ 4 Wedges, 

*2 Do. with Shot 7 Calking Irons, " 

*12 Do. of powder, ^ 3 Whip Saws, 

*51 four pound Shot, 8 Cross cut Do., 

1301 grape Do. round, 16 pole Sockets, 

309 grape Do. square, made here, 9 pair of Trases, 
46 hand granades, no Charge nor 5 Drag Chains, 
Fuzes, 1 hand skrew, 

6 four pound Cannon, 2 Tap borers, 

2 Swivels, 1 barel of Nails, 

6 blunderbusses, 795 pound of bar Iron, 

8 Lan thorns, 16 yds of flanel, 

36 Saddles, 4 Jack plains, 

22 pick Axes, 1 Sash Do. 

21 grubing hoes, 8 Eabbet Do. 
.18 round Eyd hoes^ 2 plough Do. 


4 foar Plains 5 gonges, 

1 Dob. bits, 6 Trowels, 

5 Dos. Files, 1 Doz. Aagers, 
3 SmoothiDg plains, 5 hammers, 

2 Dos. & II gimblef^, 11 pad Locks, 
2 Doe. & 3 ChizelS| 5 Stock Locks, 

1 Jointer, 1 Doz. drawing knives, 

Some Match Rope Tery Ordinary, & will not bnm Powder. 

Gov. Wentworth to Gov. Denny, 1756. 

Portsmouth, October 8tb, 1756. 

In the hnrry I was in when jonr Favour of the 2l8t of August 
came to my hands it was placed with papers of another Nature, by 
which means my Answer has been delayed until this late hour, 
which I hope you will be so good as to Excuse. 

I heartily Congratulate you on your appointment to the Govern- 
ment, & shall on all Occasions communicate to you my Sentiments 
on the public Service, & give you Such intelligences as I may 
receive relative to the Just & Necessary War His Majesty has 
entered into against the 'French King, the event of which is in 
the hands of Providence, & altho' these Colonys have an Apparent 
Superiority over the French, yet they Succeed in every Enterprize, 
while we are makeing preparations, which demonstrates how far 
their Government exceeds ours in all Military Concerns. 
I am, with great truth & Esteem, Sir, 

your Honour's most Obed* hum* Serv*, 

The Hon"' William Denny, Esq'. 

Jacob Obndt & Geokge Reynolds to Wm. Parsons, 1756. 

Fort AUin, Ootober 9th, ye 1756. 
Boner^d Sir, 

Yeasderday I arrifid here with my whole Compa'y att the fort, 
and Captin Raynolds hath Suply'd with his men my Place, and 
these Ihy arrifid one fraindly Indins here with one wite.Prcsoner, 
his name id Hanry Haas, the Indin informs me ^hat there is teen 
Indins more a Copien, which are about a Coply mils of from here, 


and tbafc the King with more Indins layes att WaywatDok, and is 
afraid to Gome in foro, the was Several Tims informid that the 
loglish would KiU Them if the would Come in now, therefore the 
King hath Sent them to See wether it is True or not, that Indin 
Desired me to Seand one qu'rt of Rum and Sum bred by him to 
them teen Indins which are now a litle ways off, and I have Sup- 
ply'd him with, and I have Seand my Seargind with one Soldir with 
him to escord him, I have orderid emmadtly a Shealdr to be made 
a Distance off from the fort that the my lodge there, the Indin was 
wery.glead that he was Recev'd Kindly there, Obinin was to go to 
Bathieham, but I Told him it was beast to go Streat to Easton to 
your Worship, then he Told me the would Consider of it, and I 
hope your Worship will ezecuse me and Captin Raynolds, that wee 
Can not Seand our Returns with these opertunyte, fore wee have 
not ouit Setelet, fore I Thought to Sent emitly these Report first 
fore I and Captin Raynolds, wee are in good health att Present, and 
wee are Eesy to Setel our besnis here att the fort. 
Sir, wee Remain you Frainds And 
Wery humble Servint, 

Sir, you will excuse beast. 


To Major Persons, Esq'^., in Easton. Thesse, to be forwarded 
wih all Speed. 

By ye favor of Mr. Bonman. 


9 8ber, 1766, Commander of Fort Allen acquainting Mayor Par- 
sons w*** the Arrival of Teedyusoum at Wyomink with Prisoners. 

Return op Men, Provision and Ammunition, now at 
Fort Halifax, 1756. 

Garrison. Provision. Ammunition. 

2 Sergeants, ") 14000ft) Fresh beef,') 160 lb Gun Powder, 

2 Corporals, \^\ Barrel Salt Do. \ 300 ft) Musket Ball. 

42 Private Men. ) 700ft) Flower. ) 60 fti Shot and lead. 

Ootob' ye 9th, 1756. 


Augusta Kegiment, Return of Men, Provisions, Ammunition, 
Capf. Jammeson at Fort Halifax, 9 8ber, 1856. 


Wm. Pabsons to R. Pbtbrs, 1756. 

Easton, Oct'. IQth, 1766. 

By Gapt. Orndt's ioclosed Letter you will perceive tbat a Number 
of the Indiaiifl are actually coiae in, and that the Rest are on the 
Road, and I understand that besides the white Prisoner brought in 
they have 10 more with them^ who no doubt will all want some kind 
of Cloathing, especially Shirts & Shoes. When they come to Easton 
I shall take Care to provide House Room & Provisions for them^ 
but shall want His Honour's Orders concerning them. I imagine 
they are now all coming in, and it will be very necessary for me to 
know how long they are to stay here, and how I am to conduct my 
self in this important Affiiir. 

Yon will please to acquaint His Honour that Lieut*. Allen and 
Miller have made their Submissions agreable to His Honour's Com- 
mands of the 22d last past. And Capt. Orndt is just moved with 
his Company to Fort Allen, & Capt. Reynolds is gone to Fort 
Norris, &c., to supply his Place. By your Favour of the 5th 
Instant, you inform me that the Governor is gone to Harris's Ferry, 
I therefore thought it would be best to direct this Letter to you in 
his Absence. As I expect some of the Indians will be here to-Bay 
or To-Morrow; I have sent my Lad express that no time may be lost. 
I am, Sir, 

Your obedient^ 

humble Servant^ 

R. Peters, Esq^ 

P. S. — Cap. Orndt's Letter came to Hand aV 2 o'Clock before 
Bay this Morning. I am very glad he is got to Fort Allen. "** 


(On his Majest/s Service.) — To Richard Peters, Esquire, Secre* 
tary of the Province of Pennsylvania. By Express. 

« See Colon. Roc VoL Vn., p. 278, 


Thb Council to the Gov. 1756. 

Hon« Sir: 

The Coancil received by Express this Afternoon the inclosed 
Letters from Major Parsons & Cap^ Omdt & advising that one 
ledioskank, a Delaware Chief, who, with other Lidians, in Conse- 
quence of a late Treaty made with them at Easton by OoV Morris, 
were coming in with a Number of English Prisoners, had on hear- 
ing a Report that we intended to cut them off, stopt at Wyoming &, 
sent a Party forward to know the Truth of that Report. The Coun- 
cil conceiving it of the utmost Consequence, that the Indians should 
be undeceived & their fears removed without Loss of time, have taken 
the Liberty to direct Major Parsons to send an Express to them 
immediately, to invite them down to Easton, there to remain till your 
Hon' shall be pleased to give further Orders about them^ and have 
directed the inclosed Copy of their Letter to Major Parsona to||be 
transmitted to you, that you may supply by your further Orders 
what they have omitted. 
I am 

Your Honour's most obedient 

and most humble Servant. 
Pha% Oof 1V\ 1756. 


Copy Letter to his Honor, the Governor, from the Council. 11 
Oct., 1756. 

David Jameson to Edward^Shippen, 1756. 

Fort Hallifax, Octob' 13*»», 1756. 

As Coll. Clapham is at Carlisle, and it being reported hear that 
his Honour, our Governor, has gone round by York,, and therefore 
not knowing when he will receive an Express that is sent to him 
from Shamokin, I have thought fit to send an abstract of Maj. 
Burd's Letter to me that arrived hear at Day break this Morning 
that the Gentlemen and Malitia of Lancaster County might take 
such steps as they think most Prudent. I thought it Propper to 
acquaint you with a piece of intelligence that I have Received by 
old Ogaghradariha, one of the Six Nations Chiefs, who came here 
yesterday in the afternoon, and is as follows, that about 10 Days be- 
fore he left Tioga there was two Delaware Indians arrived there who 

* See Col. Rec, Vol. VIL, p. 274. 


ma jast come from Fort De Qaesne & informed him that befora 
they lefl said Fort there was one thousand Indians Assembled there 
who were Immediately to march in conjunction with a Bc|dy of 
French to Attack this fort, (meand) Fort Angnsta, and he, Ogaghia- 
diriha, hurried down here to Give us the information. He Says 
farther, that the day before he came in here he Saw upon the North 
Branch a large body of Delaware Indians ft Spoke with them, & 
they told him they were going to speak with ye Govern' of Ponn- 
gylvania ; whatever intention they have they are marching towards 
our Inhabitants. 

I am, S', 

Your most obedient 

Humble Serv«, 


N. B. The Maj.'s Letter is dated the 12 Ins^, in the afternoon.^ 

On his Majesties Service. 

To Mr. Edward Shippen, Esq'., 
or any Cap* in the Malitia, in 

To be forwarded 
with all expedition. 


13** 8bcr, 1756. Fort Halifax. David Jameson. Read in 
Council 18«*. 

Col. Clapham to Gov. Denny, 1756. 

Harris's, October IZ% 1756. 


Inclosed is a Copy of Intelligence conveyed to Fort Angnsta, 
by an Indian Chief of the Six Nations, on whose Credit I can firmly 
rely, & transmitted to me by Express from Major Burd, as also an 
Inventary of the Stores, Ammunition & Provisions now in the Garrison 
from which your Honor will be enabled to judge of the State and 
Condition of that Fort, and what Probability there is of it main- 
taining a long or a vigorous seige. I have dispatched Captain Lloyd 
to yonr Honour with this intelligence, and to receive your Orders. 
I shall immediately repair to my Post & defend it to the last Ex- 
tremity, in which Endeavour I promise myself all the assistance 
your Honour may be able to afiFord me. I should be very glad of 

* See Col. Rec. Vol. VIL, p. 282. 


the Assistance of Mr. Myer, the Engineer, if yonr Honour thinks 
proper to dispatch an Express to him with Orders to repair to me. 
The Garrison consists of 320 effective men, & not one Side Arm in 
Gase%f an Attempt to Storm. If the most vigorous measures are 
taken I presume that good use may he made of this timely Intelli- 
gence ; in the mean time I shall endeavour to discharge my duty 
both as a Soldier and an honest man, & relying on your Honour for 
the necessary Supplys and Assistance, am 

Your Honour's most obed' humble Serv*, 

13 8ber, 1756. Coll. Clapham. 

Col. Clapham to Gov. Denny, 1756. 

P. S. I beg Leave to inform your Honour that from an Ex- 
change of Commissions between two Officers in the Regiment, a 
blank Lietenancy, which I had from Governor Morris, was filled up 
for M'. Miles, and dated on August the Twenty first, which is, I am 
informed, void by your Honor's Proclamation — and that Alex' 
McKee has for a considerable Time distinguished himself as a Vo- 
lunteer in the Service, and received Encouragem* from me to accept 
an Ensijnancy, dated Aug* 17^, in Case of your Honor's Approba- 
tion. I forgot to mention this to your Honor at Carlisle, and shoud 
acknowledge the Grant of those Commissions, as a Favor done to 
Your Honors most affectionate 
& obedient humble Servant, 

Col. Clapham's Letter to the Gov', Oct' 13, 1756. 
Exchange of Commissions between Two Officers. 

Samubl Wbiser to Rich'd Peters, 1756. 

Honoured Sir : 

These Lioes I write to you by Order of my Father, he tells me 
to Excuse him to you for not writing himself, because he is not well. 
He ordered me to inform yon that he has not the Honour to know 
where the Govemour is at Present, if he did, he would send an Ex- 
press Imediately to his Honour, the Governor, because* the Indians 
comitted a murder on the 11*^ of this' Instant, near Adam Read, 
Esq'.^ where they killed and scalped a man that was in the Field, 


and took three Children Prieoners, (according to the Information of 
Captain Fridrick Smith) and that Cap^ Basse was ordered with 50 
Private men to Shamokin, (according to the Governors Order^) and 
that the Frontiers of Tulpenhacon is now very scarce of men. * The 
Frontier People will certainly leave their Plantations, if the Forces 
on the Frontiers are weakened so, (It is the opinion of Father, and 
every one that is acquainted with the affairs here,) for there is a great 
nmrmering among the People already, & some of the Chie& of the 
Frontiers are fled or flying now. I concludci and am. 
Honoured Sir, 

your very humble Serv*. 


Pray Sir Excuse my bad writing, for tha man that brings this was 
in great haste. 

Beading, October the 14, 1756. 
To Bichard Peters, Esq'., Secretary, in Philadelphia. 
^ Henry Peter. 
Saml. Weiser. 14 8ber, 1756. 
Bead in Council, 18«* 8ber. 

T- Lloyd to ^ 1756. 

Ashtons, October 14*^ 1756. 

When I receivd Colonel Claphams Command to wait on your 
Honoar with the inclosed, he concluded I shoud certainly see your 
Honour at Lancaster, I had not that Pleasure — and having receivd 
some Injury by the Fall of my horse, find myself incapable of com- 
iog to Philadelphia, and returning from thence to Harris's Time 
euough for the Escort, which will attend the Commissary to Shamo- 
kiD, I have, therefore, forwarded the Inclosed to your Honor by Ex- 
press, and shall repair to my Duty with all Expedition. 

I was orderd by Colonel Clapbam to inform your Honour that the 
small number of Oranades which we have, being sent without Char- 
ges or Fuzes, are, for that reason, next to useless — that the match is, 
from its bad Quality, of Ho Service, that the Beason of his Be- • 
quest to have the Engineer Sent was grounded on our want of Know- 
ledge & Practice of Qunnery, of which both Officers & men, in ge- 
neral, are entirely ignorant — the Colonel, since he had the Honor 
of seeing yoa has been informed, that there are Twenty Thousand 
Weight of the Provincial Flour left at Captain Pattersons, on the 

♦ See Colon. Rec. Vol. VII. p. 284. 


Western Frontier, and in the Route from Dnqnesne fo Shftmokin, or 
near it — of which he commanded me to make a minutCi and know 
whether it was your Honor's Pleasure that the House shond be 
burnt & the Flour destroyed or not. I was likewise^ by the Golon>; 
directed to inform your Honor that he was credibly assur'd that it is 
from the nature of the Road, quite practicable for the French to 
bring brass Four or Six Pounders on Dragg Oarrs from Duquesne 
to Shamokin. I hope your Honor arrived with Health & Safety, 
at Philadelphia^ and am, 

Sir, Your Honors most obedient 

humble Servant, 

Capt" Lloyd, by order of Coll^ Clapham, October 14, 1756. , 
Answerd 24 8ber. 

James Young to '• — , 1756. 

Harris's Ferry, 17"» Oct', 1756. 

I have the Honor to acquaint you I came here this day at noon, 
and find Coll' Clapham thought it necessary to march to Fort Au- 
gusta before I came, and has taken all the Escort up with him, also 
the Detachment from Col' Weisers Battalion are march'd. I Judg- 
ing it of great importance to have M'. Meyers, as well as myself at 
Shamokin, have therefore taken upon me to Endeayor to hire 30 
men, if to be had in this part of the Country, a 2.6 *^ day, to Es- 
cort us up, with whom, and 20 Soldiers from Hunter and Halifax, I 
intend to set out in the morning and march with all Expedition to 
Augusta, I shall be very sorry if this my Conduct is disaprov'd of 
by your Honor and the Commissione'rs, as it was for the Publick 
good I intended it. In our journey to Fort Lyttleton we stoped at 
M'". Chamber's Mill, 10 milqs beyond Shippensburg, towards 
Mckdowels, where he has a good Private Fort, and on an Exceed- 
ing good situation to be made very Defenceable ; but what I think 
of great Consequence to the Government is, that in said Foit are 
two four Pound Cannon mounted, and no body but a few Country 
People to defend it. If the Enemy should take that Fort they 
would naturally bring those Cannon against Shippensburg and Car- 
lisle, I therefor Presume to recommend it to your Honor, Either to 
have the Cannon taken from thence, or a proper Garrison Stationed 
there. Pardon this Liberty from 

Sir, Your most Obcd* 

& most Humble Serv'. 


* " Read in Counoil, Oct 24." There a|)pears to be no minute of this 
date in the Recouls. 


P. S. Oap^ Lloyd is oome bere and intends to maroh with me to 
Angnsta. M'. Meyers desires his Respectfiil Compliments to yon^ 
and that he will do his utmost to strengthen Fort Augusta. 

BeadinOouncil;28 8ber. 

An Aoco*. of the Information of William Johnston^ who has been 
prisoner among the Indians abo*. 14 months, & has made his es- 
cape from the Ouskuskie, abo*.40 Miles N. W. of Fort Duqueane. 
He says there are not aboye 160 Men at Fort Duquesne, & only 
some straggling Indians. The Officers & Men to be relieved by an 
equal Number as soon as the Waters rise to carry the Battoes. They 
are impatient to see them rise that they may receive a supply of pro- 
Tisions, of which they have not to last them above a Fortnight. ' An 
Officer with abo^ 16 men, sent to Buffidoe's Fort to bring down the 
Battoes. They fear an attack & seem sure of the English's carrying" 
the place in case of an attempt 

The Barracks & Magazine out of the Fort : he gives a particular 
Description of them, & points out the Way of getting Master of 

At Yinango, a Captain's Command of abo^ fifty men ; the Fort 
of Stockades, very weak, & scarce of j^rovisions : a few Indian Fami- 
lies abo^ the place} The new Fort intended at that place not 

Buffaloe's Fort at the Head of French Creek, abot fifty-five Miles 
by Land above Vinango, is built of Stocades, & Garrisoned with abo^. 
100 Men, a few straggling Indians. 

Presqu' isle Fort, situated on Lake Erie^abo*, 30 Miles above Buff- 
aloe Fort, is built of squared Logs filled in w^. Earth. The Bar- 
racks within the Fort, & garrison'd w*^. abo^ 150 Men, supported 
ebiefly from a French Settlem^. begun near to it. The settlcm^. con* 
sists, as the prisoner was informed, of abo^ 150 Families, The In- 
dian Families abo^ y" Settlem^. are pretty numerous ; they have a 
priest and a Schoolmaster. They have some Grist Mills and Stills 
in this settlement. 

N. B. Johnston informs us, that there not above 40 or 50 inlisted 
Soldiers in Fort Duquesne, & tbey only lye in the Fort.* 

Col. Wm. Clapham to Gov. Dbnnt, 1756. 


I have just Time to inform yon, that I arriv'd here safe with my 
Party on Sunday afternoon, having brought with me Seventy Horse 
Loads of Flour, & a Quantity of Salt, and Thirty Head of Cattle. 
Capt Booza arrived here with his Company this Evening, and as I 
am informed that the Commissary of the musters is on his way hither, 

* " October 16, 1766." Indorsement. 


I have detaoVd a Party of thirty Men this night, under two Officers, 
as a Reinforcement to his Escort. IncWd you have a Return of the 
Regiment, by which you will be informed of the Number of Duty- 
men, &c. f have also sent you the substance of a Conference I have 
had this day with the Indian.* 

I am, Your most obedient 

Humble Servant, 

WILLm. clapham. 

Fort Augusta, October 18, 1756. 

To the Honourable Will-. Denny, Esq'. 

Col. Wm. Clapham to Gov. Dbnny, 1756. 


I have had the Pleasure to receive M'. Myers's Instructions rela- 
tive to the additional Works to be made at Augusta, and shall en- 
deavour to conform to them with all the Exactitude which so good a 
Plan deserves, and the Time will allow : but beg Leave to inform 
your Honor, that the escorts for Provisions, and the reconnoitring 
Fartys which I am continually under the necessity of detaching will 
necessarily impede the Execution of the Plan at the same Time that 
they weaken the Garrison, and if only once intercepted, subject it to 
the Danger of inevitable Ruin from the want of Provisions, of which 
there is seldom more than a sufficiency for two weeks in store. I 
have endeavoured to hire four men, pursuant to your Honors Direc- 
tion, but they having been employ'd before in the Service of the 
Government, and receiv'd no Compensation for their services, are 
utterly unwilling to engage, tho' I offer'd to become bound for their 
Reward. I have, with the advice of Mr. Myers & Mr. Toung, (who 
at the same time communicated to me your Honor's opinion on the 
subject) presumed to promise each man nine Pence additional Pay 
p^. Day, during the time he is employed, and faithfully discharges his 
Duty as a Pioneer in the Works, and having no Rum, shou'd j^e 
very glad of a supply, as it seems necessary for their Health at this 
Season, and at the same Time, is the most effisctual Encouragement 
to exert themselves. 

Inclos'd is a Return of the Provisions, Ammunition, and Stores, 
now in the Magazine, and also a Return & Description of the De- 
serters from the Regiment, as there is no Provision made by Law 
for the Recovery of them, while the Farmers entertain, and the 
Regulars publickly inlist them, I am at a loss how to proceed, and 
the Service in the mean Time suffers. 

I wait with Impatience for your Honors further orders, and am 
Sir, with the greatest Respect, 

Your Honors most ob*. humble Serv*. 


Fort Augusta, 8ber. 23*., 1756. 

* See Col. Rec. Vol. VIT., p. 299. " Read 24 Oct 1766." 









































!-• »-» 

























On Furlow. 
















Siok and Lame 









Duty men. 


























Attending siok. 
























s ^ 







Tab Examination of William Johnson, 1766. 

Aged twenty-three years or thereabouts^ taken before Thomas 
Cresap, Gen^ One of his Lordships Trustees of the Peace for the 
County of Frederick, in the Province of Maryland. 

This Ezaminant being sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty 
God, saith that he was born near Naaman's Creek, on Delaware 
River, which Place he left about three years ago, and came to Deep 
Creek in Baltimore County, Maryland, where be was for some Time 
employed in the service of Thomas Burgons, Derby Toote & James 
McDonald, during which Time he was several Times to Mass at 
Priest Neals Mass House, and whilst in that Society it was insinu- 
ated to them bv the said Neall, that it woul^be much better for 
them to live under a French than an English Government, as they 
would thereby get their Lands on easier Terms and might enjoy the 
Free Exercise of their Religion. He recommended to them the 
providing themselves with Arms & Ammunition, to be ready to joyn 
any Party of French & Indians that might come down to invade or 
attack his Brittannick Majesty's Subjects. This was generally ap- 
proved of by the whole Society. This Ezaminant saith one John 
Flaugherty likewise made himself very busy in the matter, & that 
the s' Neale informed him that one Diggs who lived near York 
being an able Pers6n would be of great Service in effecting their 
Schemes,, furnishing them with Arms, Ammunition and the Like. 
This Examinant also saith that by the Discourse of the whole 
Society, he understood that one Burke would do all in his Power 
towards furnishing any that would join in their Schemes, with Arms, 
Ammunition, &c. This Exam* saith further, the sd Priest Neal 
understanding that he the this Exam* from the Notions that had 
been put in his Head of the several advantages of being under a 
French Government, had an iDclination to . go back to the French 
and become a Subject to the French King, apply'd to him to carry 
a Packet of Letters to a French Officer at Winango, who as the s*^ 
Neale informed him had but one eye, and this Examinant saith that 
he at the earnest request of the sd Neal consented, and undertook 
to carry the sd Packet to the sd officer, & that Neal gave him a 
Pistole^oon after which the Exam* sets off to Winango, where by 
the Directions of the Indians he arrived & was kindly received by 
the said French Officer to whom ho delivered the sd Packet, but 
knew not the Contents; the French Officer after Reading the same 
told this Examinant he was glad to see him, made several Friendly 
Speeches to him and treated him very well, he also told him he 
might either stay there or go to Canada, which he should chuse, & 
that he should be well used. This Examinant further saith he con- 
tinued at Winango ab* three weeks, after which he went with some 
Indians to Fort da Quesne, & continued there or near that Place 
till after Gen. Braddock's Defeat. This Exam* saith he was not in 


the Action bat was at the Place of Battle ab* three Days after it 
with seyerai French & Indians by whom he was informed that ab* 
seven days before the Action there were not more than five hundred 
men at Fort da Qnesne, but that ab^ three Days before the Action 
a Reinforcement of about foarteen. Hundred men arrived at said 
Fort. And this Ezam^ further saith, there was aV six hundred 
French & seven hundred Indians in the Action, & that there was 
then left in Garrison at Fort da Quesne ab* three hundred French 
Hen and one hundred and sixty Indians. The Chief Commanding 
Officer with two Captains of the French were killed, and ab^ three 
hundred French men & two hundred & sixty Indians were killed & 
lost in the said Action, that the Indians in the time of action run 
away three Times, and were followed by the Cadets who could talk 
their Language & p^uadcd them back every Time. That when 
the English retreated, the French having spent all their Ammuni« 
tion except ab^ enough to fire one round more were ab* to retreat, 
bat seeing the English beginning to leave the Field stayed till they 
got some of the Ammunition the English left behind them, & then 
pursued them as far as the Kiver killing all they could. This 
Exam' farther saith, the French have about two hundred men at 
Buffaloes Fort, that they have settled near two hundred Families at 
a place called the Licks near Cayahauge, that they were building a 
Town ab* three miles from Fort du Qudsne, which when done they 
are resolved to come down in revenge for the loss of Kittanningi to 
make an Attack upon Virginia & Maryland. 

This Examination was taken the 26th October, 1756. 

Orders to the Commanding Officer at Hunter's Fort, 


Whither M'. Johnson or M'. Mears is ordered to furnish an Es- 
cort of Fifteen nien, under Command of a Serjeant, to conduct the 
Waggon Master General, M', Erwin, to Fort Hallifax, there join a 
Detachment from Captain Jemisons Company, to be Commanded by 
Lieutenant Anderson, and march to Fort Augusta. 

The Commanding Officer, at Hunters Fort, is to take great Care 
of the Battoes, and not to suffer them to be us'd unless by my par- 
ticular Orders ; he is likewise to weigh the two Cannon which now 
iie in the Water and place them on the Bank^ at some convenient 
Place for Transportation, till further Orders. 

Fort Augusta, Novemb' 3^*, 1756. 

A Copy of Orders to the Commander at Hunter's Fort. 

Orders to the Commanding Officer, at Fort Hunter. 
Inclosd in Coll» Claphams, of 23* Nov'; 1756. 


Gov, Lyttlbton to Gov. Dbnkt, 1766. 

Charles Town, 8* Nov', 1756. 

I did not receive the faw)ur of jour Letter of the 26^ of Angost^ 
acquainting me with your having taken upon you the administratioa 
of your Government till a few days ag6; as it came inclos'd in a 
packet which, by some neglect, in the persons employed to forward 
it had lain above a Month between this Place & Willmington, in 
North Carolina. I beg leave to wish you all imaginable success, 
& flatter myself the People under your Care will not be so blind to 
their own Interest, as to obstruct your measures for His Majesty's 
Service & their Wellfare. I shall be extremely obligM to you for 
any intelligences you may think proper to communicate to me, & 
shall, with great pleasure, obey your Commands in this JProvince. 
I am. Sir, 

Your most Obedient 

humble Servant, 

Hon"« Will" Denny, Esq'. 

William Henry Littleton, Gov' of South Carolina. 
3 Nov, 1766. 

Gov. Denny to Conrad Wbiser, 1756. 


Your Messenger arrivd here last Night & gave me your Letter & 
String of Wampum, I propose to set out to morrow or next day, 
and shall have the pleasure to see the King at Easton, to whom my 
Complements, & if necessary, return a String of Wampum. 

I desire and order that no Persons be permitted to confer with the 
Indians. You cannot but be sensible that People both mistake and 
are mistaken in their Conversation with Indians. In your presence, 
and with your Interpretation, what passes may be known to the Go- 
vernment. I hope, therefore, that this sort of Correspondence will 
be prevented, and that you will, in case any such thing be attempt- 
ed, declare your Orders from me to the Interpreters on this oocasion. 

I dont mean to discourage any thing that may be said in your pre- 
sence, & under your Interpretation, as this can always be communi- 
cated to me, and I have a Confidence in your prudence. ^ 

Conrad Weiser, 3* Nov', 17b6. 



Hay it please your Honoari 

The Representatiyes of the Province of Pennsylvania, in Assem- 
bly met, request your Honour would be pleased to grant a Commis- 
sion to Samuel Kirk, to he Serjeant at Arms and King's Messenger, 
at all Times to attend the Service of this House, with Power to ex- 
ecute all PreoeptS; Warrants and Messages, whatsoever, which shall 
he issued by their Order, as has been formerly the Usage within this 

Signed by Order of the House, 

ISAAC NORRIS, Speaker.* 
Nor 3, 1756. 

List op Associated Couvxsys in Philad'a City, 1756. 

W". Vanderspeigle, Captain, ' Sergeants, 2. 

William Henry, !■* Lieut^ Private men, 80. 

Joseph Wood, 2* Lieut*. 

John Blackwood, Ensign, Troop of Hone. 

Sergeants, 3. Edward Jones, Cap^ 

Private men, 100. Lynford Leardner, Lieut^ 

John Taylor, Com*. 

John Kidd, Cap*. Geo. Adam Gaal, I" Q'. Mast'. 

Walter Shea, Lieut*. Leonard Melchier, 2' Q'. Mast'. 

Joseph Hamper, Ensign. Private men, 40. ^ 
Sergeants, 2. 

Private men, 80. Battery Company. 

Samuel Mifflin, Cap*. 

Charles Bathe, Cap*. Oswal Eves, Lieut*. 

Buckridge Sims, Lieut*. William Moore, Ensign. 

Peter Turner, jun'.. Ensign. Private men, 150. 


The above is a true list. 
4**, Nov, 2766. 

List op Associated Companys in Bucks County. 

Alexander Graydon, Cap*. William Ramsey, Cap< 

Matthias Keen, Lieut*. John Johnson, Lieut*. 

John Priestly, Ensign. John Adams, Ensign. 

Sergeanfi, 2. Sergeants, 2. 

Private men, 50. Private men, 56. 

♦ See Col. Rcc, Vol. VII., p. 813. 



Henry Creusen, Cap*. 
Josiah Vansant, Lieut*. 
Andrew Van Bockerk^ Ensign. 
SergeantS; 2. 
Private men, 50. 

Henry Lott, Cap*. 
Garrett Wynkoop, Lieut*. 
Lufferd Laffordson^ Ensign. 
Sergeants, 2. 
Private men, 74. 

Jacob Omdty Cap*. 
Anthony Miller, Lieut*. 
Nicholas Conrade, Ensign. 
Sergeants, 2. ^ 

Private men, 33. 

Joseph Inslee, Captain. 
John Zubers, Lieut*. 

Joseph Inslee, jun'.^ Ensign. 
Sergeants, 2. 
Private men^ 62. 

Anthony Teate, Cap*. 
Robert Cummings, Lieut*. 
James Cummings, Ensign. 
Sergeants, 2. 
Private men, 40. 

Jonathan Palmer, Cap*. 
Luther Calvin, Lieut*. 
Thompson Price, Ensign. 
Private men, 108. 

Charles Stewart, Cap*. 
, Lieut*. 

Private men, 40 

, Ensign. 

List op Associated Companys In York County, 1756. 

Isaa Sadler, Captain. 
Archibald McGrew, Lieut. 
William Duffell, Ensign. 
60 Private men. 

Hugh Dunwoody, Capt. 
Charles MbMullen, Lieut. 
James Smith, Ensign. 
66 Private men. 

James Agnew, Captain. 
John Miller, Lieut. 
Sam. Withrow, Ensign. 
60 Private men. 

David Hunter, Captain, 
John Correy, Lieut, 
John Barnes, Ensign. 
100 Private men. 

The above is a true List. 

4 Nov, 1756. 

Samuel Gordon, Captain. 
William Smiley, Lieut. 
John Little, Ensign. 
100 Private men. 

Andrew Findley, Capt. 
W". Gamell, Lieut. 
Moses Lawson, Ensign. 
106 Private men. 

W». Gibson, Capt. 
W". Thompson, Lieut. 
Casper Little, Ensign. 
50 Private men. 

Francis Holton, Capt. 
Joseph Ross, Lietit. 
John McCall, Ens. 
100 Private men. 




List op Associated Compakts in Lancasteb Co. 

John AllisoDi Captain. 
Samuel Jemmison, Lieut. 
John Gibbony, Ensign. 
60 Private men. 

Samuel Anderson, Captain. 
Joshua Anderson, Lieut. 
John Barklej, Ensign. 
60 Private men. 

Hugh Patrick, Captain 
George Clinghan, Lieut. 
Thomas Grubb, Ensign. 
50 Private men. 

Moses Irwin, Capt. 
John Mitcall, Lieut. 
Sam. Morrison, Ens. 
80 Private men. 

William Steel, Captain. 
John Evans, Lieut. 
A true List. 

4*^ Nov, 1756. 

James McNeely, Ensign. 
50 Private men. 

Samuel Simpson, Capt. 
John Snodgrass, Lieut. ' 
Mathew Cunningham, Ens. 
80 Private men, 

Andrew Work, Capt. 
Samuel Eamsey, Lieut. 
John MoCarter, Ensign. 
60 Private men. 

Alexander Seot, Capt 
Hugh Peden, Lieut. 
Patrick Hays, Ensign. 
50 Private men. 

James Anderson, Capt. 
Samuel Smith, Lieut. 
William Work, Ens. 
55 Private men. 


List op Company's foe. the Upper Regiment or Militia in 
New Castle County,- 1756. 

New Castle Hundred. 
(North Division.) 
Rich* McWilliam, Cap*. 
Nath* Silsby, Lieut*. 
Zach' V" Luwanigh, Ensign. 

(South Division.) 
Alex' Porter, Cap*. 
Sam^ Aldricks, Lieut*. 
John Bryan, Ensign. 

White Clay Creek Ilund'd, 
(West Division.) 
Rees Jones, Cap*. 
8am» Piatt, Lieut*. 
The*. Williamson, Ensign. 

(East Division.) 
Sam^ Patterson, Cap*. 
Tho». Dunn, Lieut*. 
William Read, Eusign. 

Mln Creek Hund'd. 
(North Division.) 
Evan Reese, Cap*. 
James Walker, Lieut*. 
William Ball, Ensign. 

(South Division.) 
Thomas Gray, Cap*. 
William McMehan, Meut*. 
Alex' Montgomery, Ensign. 



Chrtsiiana> UuncTd, 
(S. West Division.) 
Ja'. Latimer, Cap^ 
Empsom Bird, Lieat^ 
Tho>. Duff; Ensiga. 

(So. East Division.) 
Andrew Tranberg, Cap*. 
William Hay, Lieut*. 
Bob*. Bobinson, Ensign. 
(North Division.) 
Tbo8«. Ogle, Jun^, Cap*. 
John Armstrong, Lieut^ 
John Hendrickson, Ensign. 

Brandy Wine ffand'd. 
(So. West Division.). 
William Empsoui Cap*. 
Tho». McKim, Lieut*. 
John Elliot, Ensign. 

(North East Division.) 
Emanuel Grub, jun'.. Cap*. 
Benj" Ford, jun'., Lieut*. 
Benj" Kellam, Ensign. 

Field Officers. 
William Armstrong, Coll'. 
John Finney, Lieut* ColP. 

John McKinly^ Major. 
This a true List; taken from the Betums in the Secretaries office. 

4** Nov, 1756. 

List or Company's foe the Lower Begiment of Militia in 
New Castle County. 

S. Georges Ilund'd. 
John Jones, Cap^ 
Jerome Dushane, Lieut^ 
Isaac Gooding, Ensign. 
John Vance, Cap*. 
John Vandike, Lient^ 
John Anderson; Ensign. 
Adam Peterson, Cap*., 
William Whittel, Lieut*. 
Alez' BryaUi Ensign. 

Apoquinimink Hund^d, 
William Williams, Cap*. 
Derrick Williams, Lieut*. 
Garrett Bothwell, Ensign. 
Alexander Chance, Cap*. 
Charles Carsan, Lieut*. 
Daniel Weldon, Ensign* 
George Gano, Cap*. 

Matthew Bhea, Lieut*. 
Thomas Bennet^ Ensign. 

Red Lyon Hund^d. 
Jacob Gooding, Esq'., Cap*. 
Thomas Tobin, Lieut*. 
David Howell; Ensign. 

Peneader Handed, 
Lewis Thomas, Cap*. 
David Barr, Lieut*. 
William Mitchel; Ensign. 

Thomas Cooch, Cap*. 
Alexander Porter, Lieut*. 
Dewid Bowland; Ensign. 

Field Officers. 
Jacob Vanbebber, Coll^ 
David Wetherspoon, Lieut. Coll*. 
Thomas James, Major. 
This is a true List; taken from the Beturns in the Secretaries 

4* Nov, 1766. 




County, upon Delaware. 

Upper Part of MupHlion Bund, Lower Part of LiUle Creek Eund. 

John Brinklee, Cap*. 
Willaon Backmaster, Lieut*. 
Stokeley Sturgis, Ensign. 

Lower PartofMupiRion BitncCd. 
Benjamin Brinklee, Cap*. 
John Molliston, Lieut^ [ 
Isaao Hall, Ensign. 

Middle Part ofMUpiRion ffundd. 
Rob* Killen, Capt. 
Archibald Elemming, Lieut*. 
Sam^ Bevins Turner, Ensign. 

Lower Part of Murder Kiln Hun, 
William Ehoades, Cap*. 
Joseph Hutcheson, Lieut* 
Thomas Craig, Ensign. 

Upper Part of Duck Creek Hund. 
David Clark, Cap*. # 
John Reese, Lieut*. 
VpperPartofLiUh Creek Hund^^^"^^ Cahoon, Ensign. 

Thomas Clarke, Cap*. 
Elijah Morris, Lieut*. 
Joseph Marrat, Ensign. 

Town of Dover. 

John Clayton, Cap*. 
French Battel!, Lieut*. 
James Wells, Ensign. 

For Tidherry. 
John Caten, Cap*. 
Joseph Caldwell, Lieut*. 
James Caldwell, Ensign. 

Dover Bundd. 

Cbsar Rodenej, Cap*. 
James Sjkes, Lieut*. 
Caleb Luff, Ensign. 

Lower Part of Duck Creek Hund, 
Charles Hilljard, Cap*. 
Jacob Stout, Lieu*. 
Thomas lilton, Ensign. 

Fidd Officen. 
John Yining, CoU^ 
John Brinckle, Lieut^ ColV. 
Benjamin Warren, jun'.. Ensign. Andrew Caldwell, Major. 

This is a true List, taken from the Returns in the Secretaries 

4* Nov, 1756. 

John Bams, Cap*. 
James Tybouf, Lieut*. 
Matthew Crozier, Ensign. 

Murder Kiln Hundd* 

Daniel Robinson, Cap\ 
Charles Hillyard, Lieut*. - 

List op Compants por the Regiment op Sussex County. 

For the Northern Military District For the Southern Military District 

of Cedar Creek Hundred, of Cedar Creek Hundred. 

Benjamin Wynkoop, Cap*. Thomas Till, Esq'.. Cap*. 

Bethuel Watson, Lieut'. Isaac Watson, Lieut*. 

Levin Cropper, Ensign. Kthemiah Davis, Ensign. 


Far theNorthem Militari/ Districl Far the Southern Military Dlnbrict 

of Broad Kill ITundred. of Lewes <Sb Rehohoth Jluttd'd. 

John Haverloe, Cap*. John Newbold, Cap*. 

James Chipman, Lieut*. R'<» Wolf, Lieut*. 

George Clajpoole, Ensign. I^eter Marsh, Ensign. 

For theSouthem Military District ^^ ^ Northern MUltary District 

of Broad Kill Eund'd. ' of Indian River Bund' d. 

Joseph Cord, Cap*. Cord Hazzard, Cap*. 

William Craig, Lieut*. l^eter Robinson, Lieut*. 

Absalom Little, Ensign. Thomas Prettyman^ Esq'., Ens. 

For the Northern Military District For the Southern Military District 
of Lewes <& Rehohoth Handed. of Indian River Hand* d. 

David Hall, Esq'., Cap*. Burton Waples, Cap*. 

Jacob Kollock. jun',, Esq'., Lie*. John Burton, Lieut*. 
\ « John Hall, Ensign. William Prettjman, Ensign. 

Fidd Officers. 

Jacob Kollock, ColU. 
Ryves Holt, Lieut Coll». 
• Jacob Phillips, Major. 

This is a^ true List, taken from the Returns in the Secretaries 

4'^ Nov, 1756. 



Pild Ibr by ths Oomiiibv>MMn fox dbpotlai; of tlie Money mot«d to tiia Kiiu^t ny, *n4 
dtop^ned in mranl pnrti of th* ProTinM «f P^nnaylTnnla, Ibr vm Defttnoe ttMnoi; ftom IiDcem- 
berl765, Tixi:~ 

Ofwbo t 





•s . 








SamL M'Call, 




26 10 

Townsend Wki i). 



4 8 

Joseph Turner 


49 0121 8 00 


Benjo. 'Kendall 




2 2 24 

Beign. Pnuiklin, 


William Parsons, 

8 7 

Samuel Pnrriance, • 


2 2 7 


John Ronse, 



John Hughs, 


2 8 


Eees Meredith, 


John QroTe, 

9 8 

John Haghs, 

10 2 6 

6 2 6 






6 1 

Evan Morgan, 


Mathias Bush, 


1 2 



Exan Morgan, 


11 1 



Beojamin Franklin, 



George Croghan, 





Jeremiah Warder, 


11 2 16 


'William Parsons, 


John Hnghs, 

2 18 


Samnel M'Call, 




Joseph Richardson, 

7 • 

Joseph Pox, 


1 - 

Leon'd. Melchoir, 


Mary Hazleton, 


Samuel Powell, 


DaTid Barclay & Sons, 



SamL NeaTe, 



Jeremiah Warder, 

1 8 

George Croghan, 



Rt Hunter Morris, Esq., 


Edird. Shippen, 

2 16 

Rash and Hall, 


From Boston (King's Arms) 


WUIiam Rush, 


Allen & Turner, belonging to 

the Association Stock, 


7 Casks. 

Ditto purchased, 







80 1 27 




I and Two Twelre ponnden, Braas Field Plaeea, with a Saren Inch Mor- 
nt fiir by the OommissionaTa, bat not yet arrirad. 
A OonaUeTabla onantity of Powder and Lead waa tent to the Gbmmiaaloneni by Menra 
Banlqr t Bona; bnt Mr. Hamilton, who haa tba InToloa, la oat of town, ao it cannot be azaotlj 
anvtalMd, therefoTa omitted in tUa aoeoant. 

Vol, m.— 2 



An Account of GunS; Stores, &o., Belonging* to the Fort : 

Gun9 Mounted, 
1 32 Pounder, 
4 24 Pounder, 
25 18 Pounder. 

Guru not Mounted, ' 
4 18 Pounders, 
9 12 Pounders, 
6 9 Pounders, 
3 6 Pounders. 

Round ShotL 

30 32 Pounders, 
139 24 Pounders, 
754 18 Pounders, 
142 12 Pounders, 

59 9 Pounders, 
136 6 Pounders. 

Dovhle Head Shott. 
42 24 Pounders, 
78 18 Pounders. 

160 for 32 Pounders, 
480 for 24 Pounders, 
320 for 18 Pounders. 

Copper Measures. 
1 for 32 Pounder, 
1 for 24 Pounder, 
1 for 18 Pounder. 

Carteridge Cases. 
3 32 Pounders, 
6 24 Pounders, 

Philad*, 4* Noyemb', 1756. 

26 18 Pounders, 
6 12 Pounders. 

Ladle & Spunges. 
1 & 1 for 32 Pounders, 
5 & 6 for 24 Pounders, 
9 & 7 for 18 Pounders, 
3 & 7 for 12 Pounders. 


40 32 Pounders, 

200 24 Pounders, 

700 18 Pounders, 

100 12 Founders. 

Two Musoovy Lanthorns, 
Four Dark Lanthorns, 
Twenty. four Side Lanthorns, 
Thirty-six Powder Horos w** 

Bitts & Priming Irons, 
Two Pouch Barrels, 
Thirty Lead Aprons, 
Thirty-eight Crow Livers, 
Forty-Two Iron Crows, 
Forty Lin Stocks, 
A Gin Compleat, 
A hundred weight Match, 
Eighteen hundred Wads, 
Flag k Flag Staff, 
Twenty-Four Carages, 
Seventy half barrels Powder. 


Captain Lieu^ in y West Indies, 




Garrison at Wioaoo to consist of 

2 Serg*-, 

2 Corp»«, 

1 Dnim.y ' 

36 Private Men, . 

41 Men's snbsistance; 

28. ^ day, 

18.9" « 

2s. 9 « " 
as. 6*' « 

Per. An'm. 

@5s. f Week, 535,1003 


A Vessel of Warr with 20 Cariege Guns of 9 or 12 
cwt. Each, and 10 Sweevels, supposed to cost 
when fit for Sea, £10000 

137 Men's Provisions @ 6d. ^ day, Each, for Eight 
months, 922 

120 Private Men @.£3.5 ^ month, Eight months, 3120 

17 Officers, Eigh' months, about, . . . 708 



HuQH Mercer TO Commissioners, 1756. 

• Lancaster, the 4"» Nov, 1756. 


I nnderstand from Coll. Armstrong that the Governor & Com- 
missioners think proper to allow A Surgeon for the Second Battal- 
ion, And as no person is as yet in Commission for that^ purpose, the 
CoU. and I have desired Mr. Blair, who delivers you this, would 
wait on the Commissioners with our recommendation for that Place. 
I helieve he is extremly well qualified to discharge the Duty of it, 
and I have the Colloners Orders to inform the Commissioners that 
It would be very agreeable to him to have Mr. Blair appointed his 

I am, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble Servant, 

To Mr. John Mifflin, one of the Commissioners For the Province 
of Pennsylvania. 
^ Favour of 

M'. Thomas Blair. J 


Copy of a Letter firom lieatenant Humphreys to Ueuteoat Colonel 

[Not dated, but wrote Thursday, the l"" Nov', 1766.] 

<< Fort above the North EUI. 

^'May it please the Colonel : 

Yesterday we were alarmed by a number of Indians, who came 
and took a Child away. Immediately upon hearing the News, I, 
with nine men, went in Pursuit of 'em, leaving a Number of Far- 
mers to guard the Fort 'till we should return. But we found noth- 
ing 'till this morning, we went out again ; and, in our Return to the 
Fort, we were apprized of 'em by the firing of several Guns; when 
I ordered my Men to make what speed they could. We rand till 
we were almost out of Breath, and, upon finding Nicholas Long's 
House attack'd by the Indians, the Farmers, who were with us to 
the Number of Twenty, deserted and fled, leaving the Soldiers to 
Fight. We stood in Battle with 'em for several Minutes, 'till there 
was about Sixty Guns discharged and, at length, we put the Indians 
to Flight. 

We have one Man wounded, and my Coat was shot through in 
four Places. The Number of the Indians was twenty. Our Num- 
ber at first was twenty-four, But they all deserted and fled except 
seven. Two old Men were killed before we came, one of whom was 
Scalped. Ten Women & Children were in the Cellarvand the House 
was on Fire ; But we extinguished it and brought the Women and 
Children to the Fort. I desire the Colonel to send me a Beinforce- 
ment ; for the men solemnly say they will not go out with the Far- 
mers, as they deserted in the Battle and nev^ fired a Gun. The 
Indians cryed the Hajloo during the Battle. 

We have one of their Guns and a Blanket, which had two Holes 
with a Bullet in, and is bloody. The Indians had all red Hats and 
red Blankets. 

This in Distress, (wanting a 

Beinforcement) from 

Yours to command, 

May it please the Colonel to send by the Bearer, Adam Haver* 
ling, as much Powder & Lead as you can spare 

* See page 86. 


BoBBBT Callenbbb TO 6oY. DSRKT, 1756. 

Carlisle; November 4thy 1756. 

Hay it please your Hon', 

This Day I received Advice from Fort McDowel, that on Monday 
or Tuesday last, one Samnel Perry and his two Sons went from the 
Fort to their Plantation, & not returning at the^ Time they pro- 
po^d, the Commanding Officer there sent a Corporal and Fourteen 
Men to know the Cause of their Stay, who not finding them at the 
Plantation^ they march'd baA towards the Fort, & on their Betnm 
found the siud Parry kill'd and scalp'd, & oover'd over with Leaves ) 
immediately after a Party of Indians, in Number about thirty, 
appeared and attacked the Soldiers, who return'd^ the Fire, and 
fought for Sometime untill Four of our People fell, the Rest then 
made off, & six of them got into the Fort, but what became of the 
rest is not yet known; there are also two Families cut ofiP, but 
cannot tell the Number of People. It is likewise reported that the 
Enemy in their Retreat burnt a Quantity of Grain and sundry 
Houses in the Coves. 

As Colonel Armstrong is now Absent, I thought it my Duty to 
represent to your Hon' the Hardships & Difficulties that in all pro- 
bability will arise by Means of the Contract enter'd into by the 
Commissioners with the Persons who -are to Victual the Battalioti 
on this Side Susquehanna. The Men*are allojred only one Pound 
of Beef ^ Day, which is half a Pound less than their former Allow- 
ance, wherewith they are very much dissatisfied, & the more so, b^ 
cause the most of the Beef Cattle which the Victuallers buy here 
are very young & small, & cannot be calFd Beef such is commonly 
bought for the Use of Soldiers. They also weigh oflF to the Troops 
all the Necks, Houghs & Shins of this Ordinary Stuff, which I am 
inform'd is not done among the Regular Troops where they have 
the best Beef that can be got. The Commissioners have also order'd 
that Six Months Provisions at the above Rate shall be delivered to 
the Commanding Officer of each Company, without making any 
Allowance for Wastage, but say that if they fall short that the 
Officers shall make good the Deficiency. I humbly eonoeive that it 
will be very disagreeable to me and the Other Officers to comply 
with these Instructions, and must beg your Hon'* pardon for saying 
I cannot submit to them, unless particularly order'd by your Hon' 
or the Colonel. I am, 

T' Hon" Most Obcd< & 

most humble Servant, 


P. S. — ^I have not quite compleated the Eighth Company, bat 


hope in a few Days to have it full ; I cannot get either Arms or 

Blankets from the other Gompanys for them. 


To the Hon'ble Willliam Denny, Esq'., Governor and Commander 
of the Province of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia. 

Jacob Morgan to Gov. Denny, 1756. 

November Fourth, 1756. 
Hon* Sir, 

Yesterday Morning at break of Day, one of ye Neighbours dis- 
covered a Fire at a distance from him; he went to ye top of another 
Mountain to take a better Observation, and made a fall Discovery of 
Fire, and supposed it to be about 7 Miles off, at the House of John 
Finsher; he came and informed me of it; I immediately detach'd a 
party of 10 Men (we being but 22 Men in the Fort) to the place 
where they saw the Fire, at the said Finsher*s House, it being nigh 
Skulkill, and the Men anxious to see the Enemy if there, they ran 
through the Water and the Bushes to the Fire, where to their dis- 
appointment saw nOne of them, but the House, Barn, and other out 
houses all in Flames, together with a Considerable Quantity of Com ; 
they saw a great many tracks and followed them, & came back to 
the House of Philip Culmore, thinking to send from thence to alarm 
the other Inhabitants to be on their Quard, but instead of that found 
the said Culmore's Wife and Daughter and Son-in-Law all just kiird 
and Scalped ; there is likewise missing out of the same House Martin 
Fell's Wife, and Child about 1 Year old, and another Boy about 7 
Years of Age, the said Martin Fell was Him that was kill'd, it was 
just done when the Scouts came there, and they seeing the Scouts . 
ran off. The Scout divided in 2 partys, one to some other Houses 
nigh at Hand, & the other to the Fort, (it being within a Mile of 
the Fort) to inform me ; 1 immediately went out with the Scout 
again, (and left in the Fort no more than 6 Men) but could not 
make any discovery, but brought all the Famileys to the Fort, 
where now I believe we are upward of 60 Women and Children 
that are fled here for refuge, & at 12 of the Clock at Night I Bee' 
an Express from Lieu*. Humphres, commander at the Fort at North- 
kill, who inform'd me that the same' Day about 11 o' Clock in the 
Forenoon, (about half a Mile from his Fort) as he was returning 
from his Scout, came upon a Body of Indians to the Number of 20 
at the House of Nicholas Long, where they had killed 2 old l!den 
and taken another Captive, and doutless would have kill'd all the 
Familey, they being 9 Children in the House, the Lieut* party tho' 
7 in Number, fired upon the Indians and thought they killed 2, 
they dropping down and started up again, one • held his Hand (as 
they imagined) over his Wound, and they all ran off making a 
hollowing Noise ; we got a Biankett and a Gun which he that was 


slkot dropt in his Flight. The Lieu*, had one Man shot through 
the right Arm and the right side, but hopes not mortal, & he had 
4 Shotta through his Own Cloaths« I this day went out with a 
party to bury the dead nigh here ; we are all in high spirits here ; 
If it would please his Honour to order % Reinforcement at both 
Forts, I doubt not but we should soon have an Opertunity of 
Bevanging the Loss, from 

Honoured Sir, . 

your most Hum"* Serv* to Command, 


Fort Lebanon, Wednesday, the 4th of NoYomber, at 3 of the 
Clock, post Miridian. 
To th(B Honourable William Denny, Esq'., Lieu'. Govemour and 

Commander in Chief of the Province of Pennsyl*, and Countys 

of Newcastle, Kent and Sussex, on Delaware. 

The Hamble Petition of Jacob Morgan, Cap". Commander at 
Fort Lebanon, most Humbly sheweth : 

That having two Forts belonging to one Company, and my Men 
to the Number of 19 was drafted from' me, being total but Fifty- 
Three, Your Petitioner thinks himself too weak to be of any Service 
to the Frontiers, seeing the Enemy commits violent Outrages nigh 
the Forts; as Yesterday, the 3d of November, I found 3 Persons 
Scalped, and their is 3 more missing within a Mile of Fort Lebanon^ 
& 2 Men killed and one took Captive within i Mile of the Fort at 
Northkill, and dangerous it is to keep ye Forts if their was a Supe- 
riority in Number to besiege them, So your Petitioner in Humility 
begs that your Honour would take ye Premising into Consideration, 
& do as it shall seem meet or expedient to your Honour, which is in 
distress from him that for your Honour shall ever Pray. 


Capt. Jacob Morgan to Conrad W^isbr, 1756. 

n, November 4th, 17S 
at 3 of Clock, P. M. 

Fort Lebanon, November 4th, 1756. ) 


I have sent down an express inclos'd with a Petition and ace* of 
the outrages and Murthers done by the Indians, which after your 
Perusal, should be glad if you would present to his Honour the 
Governour, the Murthers done at both Forts. 
& Remain, Hon' Sir, 

your most Hum"* Servant, % 

To Colonel Weiser, Esq""., in Philadelphia, with speed. 

* Side page 86. 


BxTEAOT OF Mb. Wbisbr's Jouekal, 1756. 

November the 5% 1756. 

This Afternoon Mr. Horsfield, from Bethlehem, oame to Easton 
and informed Major Parsons and myself that the night before an 
Indian "went privately from Easton to Bethlehem and inform- 
ed Angnstus, tfoshna & another Indian there, that there was about 
40 Indians at and abont Fort Allen ; that at Trout Creek were about 
100 Men, their number increasing, who were of Minisink iTribe, and 
who were averse to a Peace with the English. These had laid a 
Design to come and attack Easton, while the Gov was there and 
destroy both the White People and Teedyuseung with his Party ^ 
but that they had now laid that Design aside and wait to see the End 
of the Treaty and then they would come down in a Body to attack & 
destroy Bethlehem, which would make them Masters of the whole 
Country. That they would be very careful to pass the Forts A In- 
habitants without doing any harm to any, least they should alarm 
the People, who would fly to Bethlehem for Shelter, & so strengthen 
that place. 

Upon this news I sent an Express to Lieu*. Engell, at Fort Frank- 
lin, to come with a Detachment of 20 Men, including a Sergeant 
with all possible speed, to re-inforce the Town Guard, during the 
time His Honor, the Governor, should stay in Easton. The Express 
went away aV 7 in the Evening. 

I informed the Six Nation 'Indians, that were in Town, of the 
news that Mr. Horsfield brought, in private Conversation^ and de- 
sired them to be open and honest, according to what the Six Nations 
always were their friends. They told me that two of their Indians 
would be here this night ; they had sent them to JB'ort Allen two 
Days ago. Accordingly these Indians, with two more of the same 
Tribe, oame in Town a little after Dark ; a white man, a Soldier, 
escort^ them. They came in a Body to my Lodging, and desired 
to have a Conference with me. I made them welcome and signified 
to them that I should he glad to hear what good News they brought 
from Fort Allen and from over'the Mountain. One of them, to wit, 
Son-in-Law to French Margaret, took ^ String of Wampum, which 
one of the others gave to him, and spoke to the folio A'ing purport: 

Brother, as to what you informed us this Daj about the Minisink 
Indians, we now assure you that it is but the Smging of ugly Birds, 
that naturally will rise their voice in the night and there is no Sub- 
stance in it ; we therefore desire you to take no Notico of it. You 
remember what you told & advised us when you first oame to this 
Town, to wit, not to listen to such Birds that usually let there voice 
be heard in the night. We assure you we took your Advice in good 
part, so we desire you will take ours ; we that ar^of the Six Nations 
are one Flesh & Blood with the English, and will dye with them. 

Gkve the String of Wampum. 


Then John Gooke eame to see me and gave me the Names of the 
Six Nation Indians who are now in Town, to wit : Rasyiannntha, 
Eayenliaerj, Tanachdagan, Caylncker, Nahochreany and John Cook, 
Mohocks, and two Shawanees, to wit, Pileason and Paaseohgnon, 
aons of Chinonfuhonlj. 

Nov 6«». 

Slnoe copying the foregoing Mr. Weiser has had the following 
Conyersation with the 5 of the Six Nations Indians and two Shawanees 
(the Delawares being Drnnk) viz : 

As we had assured the Indians that the Governor wonld be here 
to Day, he thought it necessary to acquaint them why he did not 
come, and told them that the' same bad news that we had by. Mr. 
Horsfield yesterday had been carried to the Governor by some Per* 
son from these Parts, which he believed might be true, which occa- 
sioned him to stop. And his Council being with him they*would not 
suffer him to proceed untill he heard from us. Now, Brethren, I am 
going to write to the Governor and desire your Advice what we shall 
say to him. The Indians, after some Consideration, answered that 
they desired that their Brother, the Governor, should be informed 
that they came a great way and from time to time were advised not 
to come for that they would be cut off when they come to Penn- 
sylvania, but, notwithstanding, they came along and did not 
believe those Stories, and they desire their Brother, the Govern- 
or, will not believe these Reports ; they would assare him there 
is no Truth in them, and they will live & dye with him. Aikd 
as he encouraged them not to believe the Reports against the English^ 
so they hoped he would not believe those Reports against the 

John Harris to R. Peters, 1766. 

Paxtoh, Novem' 5% 1766. 

Here is at my Fort Two Prisoners y^ Came from Shamokin aV 
one month agoe. Be pleased to Inform his Honour, Our Governor, 
that Directions may be given, how they are to be disposed of, they 
have been this long time confined. I hope that his Honour will be 
Pleased to Continue some men here During these Calamitous times 
in Our Frontiers, as this place and the Conveniencies here may be of 
Servis if Defended. We had a Town Meeting Since the Murder 
Committed in Hanover Township, and have unanimously Agreed to 
Support Twenty Men in our Township, at the Mountain, there to 
Rang0 and keep Guard, or Watch Day & Night, for one Month, 
Commencing from the i^ of this Ins^ when its hopeed we shall be 

* Received in letter of a W., and W. Parsons, on p. 86. 


Selieyed by a Strict Militia law that will Oblige ns all to Doe our 


Paxton Township has kept np a StroDe Gaard at Our MouDtain, 
near these Twelve Months Past^ W^ has been Expensive & Fatiegue* 
ing, but its much Better for us to Doe Soe than move off our familys 
& Effects & Ruin Ourselves. Whether the Enemy Gomes or Not 
we have bad Acoo^ from Conegojego, but if Lord Louden is Victo- 
rious Its to be hoped that a Proper Spirit will Prevail among ns in 
America. I Conclude, Sir, your most 

Obed' Humble Serv*, 

To Richard Peters, Esq'., 

in Philadelphia. 

Timothy Horsfield to Gov. Denny, 1756. 

May it Please Tour Honour : « 


The Bearer hereof David Zeisberger Comes to Inform yon 
of something we have heard this Evening ConcemiDg the Indians at 
Easton, which I Conceive Will be of Servis. I Concluded it better 
for him to Wait on your Honour and Deliver it Verbally than in 
Writing, as a Letter might miscarry, and be of very ill consequence. 
I am Your Honour's 

Most obed* 

Humble Serv*, 

Bethlehem, Nov 6, 1756. 
On His Majesty's Service. 
To The Honourable William Denny, Esquire, 

Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania, 

at Easton. 

rChristian came from Easton to Bethlehem and told Jacob a 
Mohicken, who had always lived w*** the Brethren, y* there were 
Indians of ye 5 Nations, & more at Fort Allen, who were all for 
Peace ; That ye Indians at Trout Creek were Minisink Indians ag* a 
Peace; That Teedyuscung was really for a Peace, & if well 
received would speak to the Minisink Indians & others to joyn in y 

* See VoL VII., p. 816. 


Petee or not to come oyer a certain line into this Proyinoei & if they 
did they should treat them as Eaemies of the Indians as well as tho 

CoHiUD WsissR AND Wm. Parsons TO GoY. Dbnky, 1756. 


By the inclosed Copy,* yon will perceive that we were informed 
of the Occasion of this mighty Panniok, and have taken such mea- 
snres as our best understanding could advise upon the Occasion. It 
did not, however, so much effect us as to induce us to give his Hon' 
any trouble about it, till his arrival here, and if we could have 
thought there was any great Weight in the Report, we should not 
have been so much wanting in our Duty as not to have fnform'd his 
Hon' by Express. The Indians here are something uneasy that 
they cant see their Brother the Gov' yet, and we have quieted them 
to this time by telling them he would certainly come to Day, and 
what we shall say to them next we dont yet know. We are afraid, 
least this Delay should occasion the Indians to suspect some Designs 
of the English against them, and so from mutual Suspicion of each 
other somethiog worse may follow. At present the Indians seem 
quiet and secure, and if they could get Liquor enough would all of 
them get drunk. We are both of us in so bad Health that we dare 
not venture to ride in the Night, apprehending more Danger fh>m 
the night air than from the Indians. We pray his Hon' will be 
pleased to pursue his Journey to Easton, along the old Road. M'. 
Weiser, with as many of the officers & Townsmen as can get Horses, 
intend to do themselves the Honour to meet him. Tou will please 
to make our best Compliments to His Hon' from 


Tour obedient 

humble Servants, 

Easton, Nov' 6, 1756. 

P. S. Your Favour of this morning did not come to Hand till 
4t this afternoon. 


On his Majesty's Service — ^To Richard Peters, Esquire, Secretary 
of the Province of Pennsylvaoia. 

* See Weiser'B Journal, Nov. 6, p. 82. 


Jambs Read to Gov. Denny, 1756. ' 


My Daty to my Clients, as a Practitioner of the Law, having 
called me to Lancaster Common Pleas last Week, I was unhappily 
absent from Home at the Time the Express from Fort Lebanon 
passed through this Town on Friday last, or I should have wrote to 
Phila4elphia such Circumstances as might have appeared necessary 
to have thrown Light upon the Letter of Captain Morgan,* collected 
from Persons who came from the Neighbourhood of the Forts, after 
the Action on Wednesday last : for that was the Day, though Lieu- 
tenant Humphreys, in his Letter to M'. Weiser,f where I have in- 
closed such a Copy as the present Dispatch will allow me to make, 
has forgot to ^ive a Date. But a Soldier of our Town Guard hav- 
ing shewn an Inclination to ride gratis, Express to Easton, whither 
I understood by the Oaaette last Night from Philadelphia your 
Honor was sone, I have furnished him a Horse to convey thb and 
some other Letters to that Town. I have not now an opportunity 
of getting that Intelligence which yesterday I might have had, (and 
would have got, had I then known your Honor was at Easton,) the 
Persons who could have given it being now out of Town, and the 
Letter I received from Captain Morgan on occasion of the late Visit 
from the Savages being sent down to my Wife, who lives in Phila- 
delphia, where I thought your Honor wou'd have reoeiv'd his Ex- 
press, and a full & clear account of what had happened by his Son. 
The inclosed Copy of the Letter to M'. Weiser will give your Hon- 
our the best Idea of the Transaction near the North Kill. What I 
can gather from a Person who was near Fort Lebanon, (where Cap- 
tain Morgan is Stationed) at the Burial of the People kill'd there- 
about b. That on Wednesday last, about noon, a Party of Savages 
came to thohFarm of one John Finsher, about Six Miles from that 
Fort, and set Fire to his House, Barn and Barracks of Corn and 
Hay ; upon Fii^t Notice whereof, Captain Morgan detaoh'd ten Men 
from his Fort, and soon after followed with a few more, who, as they 
were returning from their Pursuit, not having met any Enemy, found 
Finehers Barn, &c., consumed, and at Martin Fell's House, about a 
Mile from the Fort, found Martin and his Wife's Sister and her 
Mother scalp'd, the young Woman being not yet quite dead, but in- 
sensible, and Stuck in the Throat as Butchers kill a Pig ; she soon 
died, and was buried with the others. Martin's Wife, and two Chil- 
dren, one about a Twelvemonth, the other about Seven years old, 
were carried off Captives. By a Gentleman who left Fort Lebanon 
yesterday afternoon, I hear that Sixty Women and Children have 
fled into it for Refuge, and several Families have come further into 
the Settlements, with their Household Groods & Stock. 

By concurrent Accounts from several Persons, whose Characters 
will not suffer me to doubt what they tell mC; I am j>ersuaded that 

* See p. 80. t 8«« P- 28. 


H^ HomplireyB bebav'd la a most laudable MaDB«r, and manifiasted 
that calm courage and Preseoce of Mind whicb will ever gain an 
Advantage over sapcrior Numbers, wbose Leader le too precipitate 
and void of Discretion. 

I presume not, to acquaint your Honor with the State Military in ^ 
this Quarter, as others whose proper Province it is are now near 
your Person ; But permit me to observe generally, that it is such as 
leaves as without a Possibility of resisting, to any Purpose, a very 
handful of Savages whensoever they shall please to attempt this 
Town. ' 

Will your Honor be pleased to pardon this Scrawl » which the ne- 
cessary Di^mtch prevents my oorrecti&g ? I hope 'twill not be im- 
T^pted to Presumption, I thought it my Duty to give you the Infor- 
lAiition, which I would have done in Person, had not my Presence, 
as Prothonotary at our Common Pleas, next Tuesday been indispen- 
sable. Indeed, Sir, it is dictated by a Zeal for the Publick Service ; 
if it be an impudent one, I depend upon your Honor's known Can- 
dw to consider it an honest one, and not much unbecoming any one 
who can, with the greatest sincerity and most profound Respect, (as 
I am happily conscious I can) declare himself. 
May it please your Honor, 

Your Honor's most Obedient 

& most humble Servant, 

Reading, November 7% 1756, one 0'Clock,'P. M. 
The Hon"* Governor Denny. 

Israel Pembsbton to R. Peters, 1756. 

Friend Peters, 

On coming hither last night not finding the Commissioners 
here, I immediately sent the letter to Overpeck's, & not finding them 
there he left the Letter at Bowman's, where I expect they will re- 
ceive it, when they come so fafr, as J. Chapman tells tte they must 
come round by his house to get to Deane's, I wrote a line to inform 
them that Chapman intended this morning to wait on the Governor, 
& request them to meet them here, being nearer the end of y' Jour- 
ney; & where you may be accomodated as well as at Deane's. 

The SherifiT was yesterday at Fetter's, & rcturn'd to Eaeton to ac- 
quaint Conrad Weiser of the Governor's being at Deane's, & intend- 
ing to meet y*, Governor to day; & as I Chapman, I think, justly 
suspects- that if y* Sheriff, Weiser, and most oi y* People at Easton 
should come away, it will give y' Indians some cause of Suspicion, 
tho' I had concluded to wait here for the Governor's coming, I now 


tbfaik it wiU be more pradent to go forward, in hopes of being of 
some Servioe to prevent any uneasineea among y* Indiana. 
I am, respectfully, your Fr*, 


First day mom».* 

Mirecied. » 

To Richard Peters, Esquire, at J. Deane's. 

Gov. Denny to Col. Glapham, 1756* 

Easton, 8 Nov', ITSOr- 

Having reoeivd news that the Indians are^ committing Murders 
and Devastations in that part of the Country, where Captain Buaae 
was stationd, You will onler him forthwith to return with the De- 
tachment under his command to his former Post, and to march thro' ~ 
the woods, not by the river side, Each man taking with him Provi- 
sions for 3 or 4 days ; let the Capf" divide his company into two or 
three Parties, w*^ ranging at a small distance from one another may 
discover the Enemy Indians, who are supposd to have a Camp 
somewhere in the woods between this Fort and Shamokin, perhapa 
near the old Indian Path and near Red Hole, and have on their red 
Blankets, or perhaps they may be returning with their Prisoners & 
Plunder, of which they have taken abundance. 

You will order such a Detachment as you think proper out of your 
(Harrison, to march half way with Capt" Busse, and order them to 
return to you by a different way, so as to range as much of the coun- 
try between Shamokin & Blue Hills> as they conveniently can. 

You will not fail to. let me know, by Gapt" Busse, what progress 
is made in the Works, & any other matter y* has ocourd since your 
last, worthy of my notice. 

Rbhares on an Indian Conferbnge. 

Held at Easton in Nov'. 1756. 

19. Brother, the reason I Struke you I think you must know, It is 
I think because the King of Eng' & France made Warr with one 
another for our lands, and both this Nation incroach'd upon our 
lands and Coop'd us up as If in a penn, and after the France had 
Such great lidvanf over the English, it was an Easy Matter for that 
&lse hearted French King to prevail on our fooUsh young men to 

* " Nov. 7, 1766.»» Indorsement. 


join them, and take up the hatchit against onr Bretliren tbe Englifihi 
tbe French making use of arts and presents. 

Brother, you desired me to be free and open about every thins 
that might Stick in the Indians mind, or what they might have had 
to Say against their Brethren the English. I will now tell you the 
truth with an honest heart as &rr as lies in my power, and you may 
Jndge of it yourself. What made your Case worse (tho' what I am 
going to tell you is not the principal Cause) of the War, some 
things that have passed in former times in this and other Goyem- 
menta k ce. 

16. This very ground I Stand on was our land & Inheritance; Bar- 
gains or Bargains and we Stand by them, tho' we should have had 
eyen only pipes, which will be brock to-morrow for Some of our 
land, but we think we Should not be HI used on this account by 
those very people who now enjoy the fruit of our lands, nor be 
Called fooles for it, the Indians are not such fooles as not to bear 
this in their minds. 

18. The rest of that paragraph is no Indian phrase, not that I de- 
are you to purchas that lands again what you purchased before, k ce. 

20. I question whether I mentioned John Penn and Mr. Walker. 
J. Penn was then in the Country. I know I ment* Mr. Thomas 

Conrad Weiser, Indian Interpretation of Treaty at Easton^ in 
Nov. 1756.* 

Gov'b to Capt. Jacob Morgan, 1766. 

Easton, 8 Noy'. 1756. 

Col^. Weiser haying left Philadelphia to attend the Indian Con- 
ferences at this Town, your Letter to him with the Petition was 
forwarded and communicated to me, together with a Letter from 
Lieutenant Humphrys, and another from M'. James Read ; and I 
imediately dispatchM a Letter to Coll". Clapham, ordering Capt".'*' 
BuBse to return thro' ye woods to his Station with the Detachm* 
under his Command. 

You will thank lieutenant Humphrys and the men under 
him on my Part for ye gallant Bebayiour in the late Action ag* the 

As soon as Captain Busie returns, and if possible before, I wou'd 
haye you send out small scouting Parties to discoyer and preyent 

* This seems to be a fragmentary sheet. 
t See pp. 28, 80, 86, and 88. 


the Enemy from passing between Ihe Forta and aitaeking tiie 

The Commissioners will send the Pay due to the Companies of 
the first Battalion^ and for the future they will be more ponctiiaUj 

Col. JpHN Armstrong to Gov. Denny, 1756, 

Carlisle, 8th Novemb'. 1756. 
May it please y' Hono*", 

Last Week a party of Indians has been in the Upper part of this 
County, but a few Miles from McDowel's Mill, where the^ haye 
Barbarously Mangled a Number of the Inhabitants, and as is sup- 
posed taken some Children Captive; enclosed is a list of the Eall'd 
and Missing. 

A Certain Samuel Peary, mentioned in the List, lefit MoDowel's 
Fort on Wednesday afternoon, only going to put his Horse to Pas» 
ture about a Mile & an half from the Fort, and had with him a little 
boy, but Neither returning that Night, fourteen men was Sent from 
the Fort belonging to Cap*. Potter's Company, who found S* Peary 
Scalp'd & his body cover'd with leaves ; and on their return were 
waylaid by about thirty Indians, the Soldiers discovering the Enemy 
on every hand, gave the first fire, and Says they wounded Some, but 
were soon broken and put to the Bout, four of the Soldiers being 
kiird on the Spot, and two missing; this misfortune is happen'd 
thro' the weakness of the Garrison, neither Potter's nor Armstrong's 
Company being com pleat, and the latter having been Station'd in 
difierent parts of the Frontier was not convenient enough to assist, 
but they shall be no longer Separate. This Week, God willing, we 
begin the Fort at Barr^s. There are general Complaints of the 
Powder here. 

I am, your Honr* most Obed*, 
Humb»« Serv', 


A List of those who were kill'd and is a missing at Canigojegg. 

Soldiers Kill'd. — James and William McDonald, Bartholomew 
McCafferty, Anthony McQuoid. 

Of the Inhabitants Kill'd. — John Culbertson, Samuel Perry, 
Hugh Kerrel, John Woods, with his Wife and Mother-in-law, 
Elizabeth Archer, Wife to Jno. Archer. 

Soldiers Missing. — James Corkem, Will". Cornwall. 


Of die Lubmbilutts Mbsing.— Foor Children belonging to John 
Areber, Samuel Neelj, a Boy^ James MoCoid, a Child. 

The Honourable William Denny, Esqnire, Governor and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania^ Philad**^ 

Col. CLAPnAM to Gov. Dbkny, 1756. 

Fort Augusta, Nov' 8% 1756. 

I rec'd a supply of six Barrels of Powder, eight hundred weight 
of Lead, five hundred wtt of Musquet Balls and fifty six round 
Shot, all'of which arrivd in good Order, and have since the Depar- 
ture of M'. Meyer, be^ constantly employd on the Works laid out 
agreeably^to his Instructions, but which must necessorily proceed 
more slowly for want of stronger Teams and Wheel Barrows^ as we 
have at present no other method of removing the Dirt but by Hand 
Barrows, and the tedious way of casting it with shovels from man 
to msA ; what still encreases the want of Horses and Carriages is 
the necessity we lye under of conveying Clay from other Places for 
the construction of the Parapet, what comes out of the Ditch being 
improper for that Purpose, as we find it a foot or two beneath the 
surface to grow sandy, and not to be consolidated by any Force or 
Expedient in our Power; the axes we have are, in general, extream 
bad, and even the number of them insufficient ; Tomahocks with 
square flat Eyes, Nails of several sorts, and especially Spades, are very 
much wanted, theWagson Masters Presence extremely necessary ,Tand 
Bum for the men employd on the Works. I have sent Cap^. Worke 
with hb Company to Halifax, to releive Captain Jameson, on ace* 
of a Mutiny amongst Captain Jamesons men, and having receivd 
Intelligence of a Town consisting of ten Indian Familys, seated on 
the West Branch, or about 50 miles Distance from Ix)rt Augusta, 
whende Partys are continually making Incursions, & who some time 
past kiird and Scalp't one of our men at the Spring, I have detacbd 
Captain Hambright, with a Party of chosen men^ to destroy or cap- 
tivate them, who, from their acquaintance with these Parts, as hav- 
ing heretofore been Inhabitants of Shamokin, are capable of being 
singularly mischievous. 

Inclosd is a Copy of Captain Hambrights Orders,* which I hope 
will receive your Honors Approbation, and the Design be attended 
w"" success. I shall use Endeavours to reconnoitre, and procure In- 
telligence from Duquesne, Yenango and Shingle-Clamushe, in which 
Intention, if I succeed, I shall immediately do myself the Honor to 
transmit the Result to you. The Indiam Sachem left this Place a 
few Days before the Receipt of your Honors favor, of the 24*^ past. 

♦Sfeep. 42. 


iAfter the Works at Angnsta are rendered more oompleat, and the 
Season of the Year removes any appMensions of asiege, I shall em-^ 
braoe year Honors Permission to visit Philadelphia, in order to at- 
tend my private affiurs, at which Time I beg Leave to bring the 
Indian Boy with me, and am. 

Your Honors most ob* 

humble Servant, 

P. S. We have three weeks full allowance of Provisi9n8. 

Instructions to Capt. Hambright, refbrrbd to m thb 
ABOVE, Nov. 4, 1766. 


You are to march with a Party of 2 Serj*», 2 Corporals^&'SS Private 
men, under your Command, to attack, bum and destroy, an Indian 
Town or Towns, with their Inhabitants, on the West Branch of Sus- 
quehanna, to which Monsieur Montoure will conduct you, whose 
advice you are Directed t<> pursue in every Case. You are to attack 
the Town agreeable to the Flan and Disposition herewith given you, 
observing to Intermix the men with Bayonets equally among the 
three Partys in the attack, and if any Indians are found there you 
are to kill, Scalp, and captivate as many as you can, and if no In- 
dians are there you are to endeavour to act in such manner, and 
with such Caution, as to prevent the Discovery of your having been 
there by any Party, which may arrive Shortly after you, for which 
Eeason you are strictly forbid to bum, take away, Destroy or Meddle 
with any thing found at such Places, and immediately dispatch 
Monsieur Montour with one or two more to me with Intelligence ; 
when ye come near the Place of action you are to detach Monsieur 
Montour, with as many men as he shall Judge necessary to recon- 
noitre the Parts, and to wait in concealment in the mean Time with 
your whole Party till his Return, then to fornj your measures ac- 
cordingly ; after having burnt and destroyd the Town, you are in 
your Retreat to post an officer and twelve men in Ambush, close by 
the Road side, at the most convenient Place for such Purpose whiph 
may offer, at about Twelve miles Distance from the Place of action, 
who are to surprize and cut off any Party who may attempt to pur- 
sue, or may happen to be engaged in Hunting thereabouts, and at 
the same Time secure the Retreat of your main Body. 

Tis very probable, that on these Moon Light Nights, you will find 
them engag d in Dancing, in which case embrace that Opportunity, 


by all meaoB, of attaoldng them, whieh yon are not to attempt at m 
greater IMstanoe than 20 or 25 yards, and be particularly oarefoll to 
prevent the Escape of the Women and Ghildreo, whoee liTes Huma* 
nity will direct yon to preserve as mnch as ponible 3 if it does not 
happen that yon find them Dancing, the attack is to be made in the 
momingy jnst at a season when yon have Light enough to Execute 
it, in which attempt your Party are to march to the several Houses, 
and bursting open the Doors, to rush in at once ; let the Signal for 
the general attack be the Discharge of one Firelock, in the Centre 

If there are no Indians at the Several Towns, you are in such 
cue to proceed with the utmost Caution and Vigilance to the Road, 
vhieh leads to Fort Duquesne, there to lye in Ambush, and to inter- 
cept any Party or Partys of the Enemy on the march to or from 
the English Settlements, and there to remain with that Design till 
the want of Provisions obliges you to return. 

I wish you all imaginable Success, of which the Opinion I have of 
your self, the Officers and Party under your Command, leave me no 
Boom to doubt, 

& am, Sir, 

Your Humble Servant, 

W. 0. 

P. S. You will not omit to post the Serjeant with a party on the 
other side of the Kiver during the attack, according to Direction, in 
order to prevent the Enemy from escaping that way, and to reserve 
always one half of your Fire. 

Given at Fort Augusta, Nov' 4»*, 1756. 

To Cap^ Hambright, Commander of a Detachment from Colonel 
Clapham's Eegiment. 

Gov. Dbnny to Col. Armstbong, 1756. 

Easton, 9 Nov', 1756. 


I have receivd sevAral accounts of Murders committed by Parties 
of Indiana all along the Frontiers of Berks County, from Manada Qap, 
to the Line of Northampton County, and by their dress, part of W^ 
is red Hats and Red Blankets, it is supposed these murdering In- 
dians come from the Ohio. As they may now or will in a little time 
be returning, they may be intercepted, their Prisoners, scalps & Plun- 
der taken from them, & they destroyed, I therefore order you to 
send such Detachments from the Forces under your Command as 
vou can spare, to scout and range the woods in such Places as will 
be the most likely to meet with them in their return. I leave it to 


you to givB such particular orden as will be the moat likel j to be 
attended w*^ aaoceas/and shall only say that the more the Parties go 
ent one after another the better, and let it be done with the ntmost 
diapatehj after reoeiving this Letter. I expect that the Oonntry will 
send as many men into the Forts as will supply the Places of those 
who go on this servioe or any other, yon will endeavour to persnade 
them to do so, bat w^ver they do, yon will observe these oiders. 

I have ordered Capt^ Bossy to march w^ fifty men from 8bamo- 
kin to his own former Post, & a Detachment of OoU. CUphams re* 

fiment to go half way w*^ him and return by a different way, & I 
ope, as these are to march in Parties, & so spread over a good deal 
of ground, they will render and give a good account of the Enemy. 
Let me know what you do in consequence of this Letter ; the last 
mischief was done on Saturday, at the east end of Berks County, on 
the Line of Northampton County. 

EiLiMiNATioN OF Samuel Cliffoeb, 1756. 

The Examination of Samuel Clifford, late of Lancaster County, & 
, now a Soldier in the Royal American Begiment. 

This Examinant says that he inlisted with Captain John Moor to 
serve as a Batteau Man on the Mohocks Biver, & was taken Prisoner 
by the French Indians in the Action of Coll* Bradstreets, W* happen- 
ed ab^ Nine Miles on this Side of Oswego. After the Action ihej 
carried this Examinant into the Woods with intent, as he heard them 
say, to take him to Niagara Fort, but on the fifth bight he made his 
Escape from them, and the first place he came to was a Tutelo Town 
about forty miles above Diahoga, where he saw four English Prison- 
ers, two of whom called themselves Joseph Nicholas & Catharine 
Nicholas, and said they formerly lived at Shamokin. He saw, like- 
wise, a Mulatto man who informedfhim y* if he did notmake the best 
of his way from the Town the Indians would make him their own, 
and told him that they would do the same at Diahogo, on whose 
advice he went away, intending to pass by Diahogo, but unfortunately 
met a Party of Indians who took him and carried him there, 
and afterwards fi'om thence up the Cayuga Branch, about fcMrty 
miles to an Indian cabin, where he Hved* ten weeks and then 
was brought down to Wyomink in company with Teedyuscung, 
who had with him, as he thinks, one hundred men Warriors. From 
Wyomink this Examinant was sent under the care of ten Indians 
along w^ Henry Hess & G^rge Fox to Fort AUen, & thence to 
Easton, & there delivered up to Gen. Parsons. This Examinant 
further says that Teedyuscung & his company were overtaken at 
three different points by single Indians, and they reached Wyomink 
who told them y* the Gov of Pennsylvania intended to cut off 
Toedyusoung's neck, & kill all his Indians, w*^ woold have been 


done ai the last Treaty only they expected him to letum with i^ 
greater number, but now they intend to kill all the Indiaofli & said 
tiuB advice was sent them by Coll* Johnson's Indians^who received 
it from PhUadelphia. This Ezaminant further says, that a Party of 
the Delaware Warriors returned to Diahogo when he was there, and 
he heard them say that they had carried a great many English 
Prifloners to Allegheny and there sold them to the French, but they 
did not mention what they got for thorn, only for the Sonlps, they 
had fifty Shillings a Piece. That the Indians would frequently say 
in oonversation they & the French Would gather in a Body together 
& come down to Pennsylvania and kill all the Inhabitants, for it was 
their, meaning the Indians, Country, & they would have it again. 
This Ezaminant further saith that twelve or thirteen English 
Pnwners were left at Diahogo and places adjacent, when Teedyus- 
casg came away, six men, four young women and three or four 
Datch children; that the children were painted Black like them- 
selves, and often cruelly beat and treated worse than the rest 


Sworn before me, 
9"- Nov, 1756. 

Examination op Leonard Weeseb, 1756. 

The Examination of Leonard Weeser, aged twenty years, taken be 
» fore the GoTemor, 9** Nor, 1756. 

This Examinant says that on the 31*^ Dec'' last he was at his 
father's House, beyond the Mountains, in Smitbfield Township, 
Northampton County, w** his Father, his Bro' William, & Hans 
Adam Hess ; That Thirty Indians from Wyomink surrounded 
them as they were at Work, killed his Father & Hans Adam Hess 
and took this Examinant & his Brother William, aged 17, Prisoners. 
The next day the same Indians went to Peter Hess's, Father of the 
B* Hans Adam Hess ; they killed two young men, one Nicholas 
Borman, ye others Name he knew not, & took Peter Hess & hid elder 
son, Henry Hess, and went off ye next morning at the great Swamp, 
distant about 80 miles from Weeser's Plantation, they killed Peter 
Hess, sticking him w^ their Knives, as this Examinant was told by 
ye Indians, for he was not present. Before they went off they 
horned the Houses & a Barrack of Wheat, killed y« Cattle & Horses 
& Sheep, ft destroyed all they could. Thro' ye Swamp they went 
directly to Wyomink; where they stayed only two days & then went 


up the riyer to Diahogo, yrhere they stayed till the Planting Time, 
& from thence they went to little Paeseeca, an Indian Town, np the 
Gaynga Branch, & there he stay'd till they hrought him down. 
Among the Indians who made this attack & took him Prisoner were 
Teedyuscung alias Gideon alias Honest John, & three of his Sods, 
Amos & Jacoh, ye other's name he knew not. Jacobns & his Son, 
Samuel Evans & Thomas Evans were present ; Daniel was present, 
one Yacomb, a Delaware, who nsed to live in his Father's Neigh- 
bourhood. They said that all the Country was their's & they were 
never paid for it, and this they frequently gave as a reason for their 
conduct. The King's Son Amos took him, this Ezaminant, & im- 
mediately gave him over to his Father. He says that they coa'd 
not carry all the Goods, yt were given them when last here, & the 
. King sent to his Wife to send him some Indians to assist him to 
carry the Goods, & she ordered him to go with some Indians to the 
old man & coming where the Goods lay, ab* 18 miles on the other 
side Fort Allen, he stayed while Sam Evans went to the Fort to tell 
Teedyuscung that said Indians were with ye Goods, & this Ezami- 
nant w"» them, & this being told ye White People, Mr. Parsons sent 
two soldiers to ye place where the Goods were & brought him down 
with them, & ho has stayed in Northampton County ever since. 
This Ezaminant saw at Diahogo a Boy of Henry Christmans, who 
lived near Fort Norris, & one Di^niel Williams's Wife & five children, 
Ben Feed's Wife & three children ; a women, ye wife of a Smith, 
who lived with Frederick Head, & three children ; a woman taken at 
Cushictunk, a Boy of Hunt's, wlio lived in Jersey, near Canlin's 
Kiln & a negro man ; a Boy taken about 4 miles from Head's, called 
Nicholas Kainsein, all which were Prisoners with the Indians at 
Diahogo & Passeeca, and were taken by the Delaware Indians ; That 
Teedyui^ung did not go against the English after this Ezaminant 
was taken tho' His sons did ; That the King called all the Indians , 
together, & they made up ye number of Eighty Five, viz : from 
Diahogo and Passeeca^ & another Indian Town ; That Provisions 
were very scarce ; That they went frequently out in Parties ag* ye 
English ; That he never saw any French or other Indians among 
them as he knows of. 

Sworn before me, 

at Easton, the Ninth 

Day of November, 1756. 
WuuAM Dennt. 


Ekginbeb Metbe to Gov. Denny, 1756. 

Monsieur : 

Par Ordre da Mjlord London; M'.Le Col. Steniclcs, a ^rit nne'Lettre 
a M'. Oswald; par la qu'elle il marqne, quil devoit me faire partir tons 
en Snit&4>onr venir aupres de Inj en Albanie : La Lettre est arriv^ 
aujonrdhnit, et je ne pent me dispencer de partir apr^s domain au 
lien qne Mjlord m'indiqne. II m'est tr^ Sensible Monsienr^ que cette 
Ordre Subite me prive de L'Occasion de pouvoir montrer k quel 
point L'in trait dela Province m'etoit k Coenr : j'aurois Souhait^ 
Ardement de pouvoir ^tre en ^tat d'en donner des Eprenves con- 

Les denz Plans dn Fort Augusta Sent acheves, je les m'etrois 
entre les Mains de M^ Young, qui aura Soin de les remettre entre 
vos Mains a votre retour 4 Phiiadelphie. 

J'ai envoj4 les Plan et Profil du Susdit Fort avec les petits 
Changements a M'. le Col. Clapham aveo les quelles j'ai ajoutte une 
Lettre on tons les Ouvrages et les Changements ont ^te Si olaire- 
ment marqu^ et ezplequ^es qu'il est presque impossible qu'il 
puisse manquer. 

Je Vons prie en Oraoe Monsieur de Vouloir bien employer Votre 
Paissant Gredit| pour que les Soldats a Schamokin obtienent les 
Neuf Sous par jour que je leur ai promis, mon honneur en depend. 
J'ose Yous prier encore Monsieur, de me faire obtenir une Gratifi- 
catiob proportions auz fatiques et Depences que j'Stoit oblige 
d'avoir pour le Voyage en question (et au tems que j'ai employes 
depnb le 4"" Acust jusqu'a present) ayant en San compter rachat 
d'un Cheval, passS diz Livres des fraiz a oe Suject. Je prierais 
Mens. Oswald de me faire tenir ce qu'on trouvera apropos de me 

Je Serais Cbarm^ Monsieur d'avoir L'Oocasibn de pouvoir temoig- 
ner par mes trSs humbles Services La parfaite Keconoissance que 
j'ai des Bont^ particuilleres dont vous m'avez bien voulu Honnorer 
depnis que j'ai L'Honneur d'etre confi de Vous. lis ne s'efiaceront 
jamais de ma Memoire. Je demeure aveo la Veneration et la Re- 
coDoissance La plus parfaite. 

Votre tx6a humble et tr^ 

obeyssant Serviteur, 

E. MEYER, Lieut. Eng', 
Philadelphie, ce 10»* Novembre, 1766. 


Gov. Dbnnt to Engikbbb Mbtbb, 1756. 

10*^ Nov^, 1766. 

Bj a Letter I have received from M'. Young, I find be is not dis- 
posed to continue Commissary on the terms proposed by the Com- 
missioners, I must therefore desire you will come to me at this PlacOi 
along with this Messenger, if your convenience will admit, or as 
soon after as you can, if it wont; I propose you shall ^sit y"" Forts 
on the Frontiers of this & Berks County, in the same manner you 
have done the other Forts, and you will be attended by a German 
Officer & a proper Escort. 

I shoud like your coming up whilst I am here, that I may have 
the pleasure to see you set out in a suitable manner, and that you 
may become acquainted w*^ the officers of this Battalion, who are on 
duty here; except Busse & the Commander of Fort Allen. 

I am. 

Col. ARMSTRONa to Gov. Denny, 1756. 

Carlisle; 11«^ Novemb', 1756. 
Dear Sir : 

I hope this will find you retum'd safe from Eastqji.'I thought to have 
been at McDowels Mill by this time to begin near that plaoe the 
new Fort, but was oblig'd to send 100 men to Escort Cattle, &c., to 
Lyttleton, and must wait their return before we can do any thing ; 
the Contract with Messi*. Hoops & Buchanan gives a general Um- 
brage, and was the most mistaken thing I ever knew, it will not be 
in my Power to keep the Soldiers in any degree of temper upon one 
pound "^ day of such young & thin Beef, as this part of the world 
produces ; it is bought on an average at about 12s. ^ Hundred, & 
the flower, as we hear, at about One penny '^ pound, Pork at 2d. *^ 
pound ; at this way of Buying, after a sufficient allowance for Salt, 
Barrels, Caniage, &c., they will save by the bargain at least £2300 
in the feeding of 448 men one year, hereby the Country has but a 
stinted Price, the Service is like to be retarded, and nothing saved 
to the Publick, but an Extravagant sum thrown into the hands of 
two private persons for a Service of not more than two months in j* 
whole year ^ every one is crying out against this Contract, and the 
Consequences that its likQ to have. I am persuading the Yictualers 
to throw in the tother half pound of Beef, (of which their bargain 
will readily admit,) Else the officers must remonstrate for a pound 
and half ^ day of this kind of Beef the men must have whilst its 
in the Pickle, else they will not serve, nor can the officers have any 
satisfaction or peaco; if less is given. I shoud have wrote the G<>- 


Ternor^ but waits to see whether we must remonstrate or not ; if jou 
please yoa may read this letter to M'. Allen, and favour me with 
his Opinion, join'd w** your own, whether we shou'd remonstrate, or 
whether we shou'd continue to feed y** men with liD> "^ day, as 
usual ; but as I have been oblidg'd to write this letter in a hurry, 83 
that y* State of the Contract is not laid down nor clear from this 
letter, it may be as well to shew it to no body, and I shall by next 
post write more clearly to the Governor. 

We were very unfortunate at McDowels Mill, on ace* of the small- 
ness ot the party sent out, and no Commission'd Officer at their 

Please to forward the Sundry Commissions, &c., and to Send me 
inclos'd And^ Millers Bond, as Foster has obtained a judgm*, but 
does not exactly know what to Levy for. 

Cook says he has paid something, and Signifys that his Land can't 
he sold, for that in S^ven years the Bent wou'd more than pay y« 

My Wife presents her best respects to you, and will not forget 
joar friendly letters at a time when my coming back was very un- 

I am^ dear Sir, your Sincere friend, 

and most Humbl. Serv*. 


Extract of a Letter from Jas. Young to , 1756. 

Philad', ll** Nov, 8 aClock, P. M. 
Dear Sir : 

I have your favor by the Express, and am much obliged to the 
Got' and yourself for Epousing my Cause with the Com", tho' in- 
effectual. The Engenier had wrote the indosd before he receiv'd the 
Gov" letter, he says he has no further to write, he setts out for Al- 
bany on Saturday, Cap*" Oswald would have taken upon himself to 
let him have gone to Visit our Forts, but he Chuses to go to Lord 
Louden. We have no Foreign news but what is in the Publick pa- 
pers; here are some people imprison'd on good information of their 
being Consern'd in a Wicked scheme with our Publick Enemyes. 
M'. Allen is taking great pains to get the principals sccur'd. 

Vol. IIL— 3 


Gov. DiNwiDDiB TO Gov, Denny, 1756, 

Williamsburg, Nov' 12**, 1756. 
Sir : - . 

Tours of the 24*^ of Sept' I rec*, & should have.answer'dlefore 
this, but have been much indisposed & confiu'd to my House. 

I am glad of the Success of the Expedition against the Town of 
Kittanin, which makes it obvious that the attacking of the Enemy 
in their own Country is much more eligible than remaining on the 
Defensive, when the Extent of the Frontiers are considered, & I fear 
the Enemy have too good Intelligence of our motions, & of our 
particular Fortifications, & in course attack us where weakest. 

Therefore I am still of Opinion, if the neigbouring Colonies wou'd 
enter warmly on an Expedition early in the Spring, with a proper 
numKer of men from each Colony, will be of more essential service 
than each Colony guarding their own Frontiers, & in course giving 
the Enemy great advantage over us. 

I presume the Enemy will be unactive till the Spring, & then may 
be expected to repeat their former Cruelties ; if they shou'd make 
Incursions into Your Government sooner, I should be glad to give 
any assistance in my Power, but as our Frontier is very extensive, I 
cannot think it proper at present to part with any of the Garrison at 
Fort Cumberland, which is too few for its defence in Case of an at- 
tack ; At same Time, I must observe the Enemy have lately Invaded 
the Frontiers in the County of Augusta, which obliged me to raise 
a good Number of the Militia to repell their Force, & this I expect 
will be the Case for some Time^till we form a proper Body to attack 
them in their own Country. 

I am uneasy till I hear Lord Loudoun is gone to Winter Quarters, 
as I think Nothing essential can be done so late in the Year. 

I am glad your Assembly voted 30,000 to be disposed of by your 
approbation, which has long been a Bone of Content". I hope the 
New Assembly will enter on Business with Spirit, & exert themselves 
at this critical Juncture. 

I sincerely wish You Health & Happiness, with great Begard & 
Esteem, I am. 


Your most obedient 

humble Servant, 

Governor Denny, 


Col. John Armstbobtq to Gov, Denny, 1756. 

Carlisle, 12*^ Novemb', 1756. 
Hononred Sir : 

This moment I have rec* y» Hour* Orders ^ Express from Eas- 
ioD, and perceive mj last, relative to the Murders committed here 
about a Week ago, had not been rec'. 

As we bad nineteen people, Soldiers and others, kill'd & taken near 
McDowels Mill, every Post in this C"*. naturally expecting an attackt 
at that time, we couM not even come up with these Murderers, tho' 
Id our own Country. 

At present we have 100 men at McDowels, Guarding and Escort- 
ing the Publick Provisions to Fort Lyttleton, and are now on their 
way there, and as the residue are not near supply 'd with propper 
Arms, its utterly impossible for us to come up with the Enemy so 
far to the Northward, as in all Probability they will pass, as 'tis 
highly Probable they will return some 30 or 40 Miles from Shamo- 
kiD, up or across the East Branch of Sasquchanna, and so make the 
Ohio near Winnanggo. Some of them may return on this side Saa- 
quehanna, about Ton or Fifteen Miles from Augusta, yet not so Pro- 
bable ; but in either of the Kouts 'tis altogether out of our power to 
intercept them, yet I hope Colo* Claphams People will be successful. 
I am with a Detachment from each Fort to meet the Escort now set 
out for Lyttleton on Tuesday next, at Barrs place, where it's very 
Probable the Red Caps will soon pay us a Visit. We want about 
Sixty Blankets, and those we have are not near large enough. 

I shall again write ^ Post, and am, 

Honoured Sir, y Honi^ most 

Ob* Humb» Serv>. 


To Governor Denny. 

To the Honourable Will". Denny, Esq**., Governor and Comman* 
e'er in Chief of the Province, Philad*. 

Bj the favour of M'. Jo" Montgomery. 

To Capt. Orndt from Sec'ry Peters, 1756. 


I am commanded by the Governor to acquaint you that measures 
are taking, as well at Shamokin as in the Forts in Berks County, to 
persue the Enemy Indians who have lately committed Murders on 
the Inhabitants near Fort Henry, Fort Lebanon k Fort Franklin, 
gf which the Governor desires our Friendly Indians may be advised 
least our Parties shoud meet w*^ these Indians, mistake them for the 
Enemy, & if so fall upon them. , 

16«» Nov, 1756. Cap*. Orndt. 



A Retubn of the State op the Garbison at Fort 

13th Nor. 1756) East Side Susqoahanah. 
Nuipbre of Men. — 2 Sarjante, 34 privet Men. 
Amunition. — 4i !b Powder, 28 lb of Lead. 
Provision. — One thousand Wight Flower, Two thousand of Beef. 
Men's Times Up.— 2 Men's Times. 

A List of all the Indians Living at Bethlehem. 

Of the Mohicans. 

John Peter, 


In aU, 35. 



Anna Johanna, 
Anna Johanna. 

Of the Dellawarss. 








AiiDe Justine; 













Marie Elizabeth, 






& 3 Qirls more. 





In all 38 of the Dellawares: 

Delivered by D* Zeisburger, 16th Nov. 1756. 

And besides these Two Months ago 

came to Bethlehem, Christian 

& his family, of the Dellawares. In all Six. 

Namks of Indians 

AT Eabton. 


Nicodemus 1/ Dutch, 




Capt». Harris, 


Capt". Armstrongs 


Moses Tittamy, 


Jo Peepy. 


To the H'nble W- Denny, Esq'., Govemour. 

By the Hands of M'. J. Bechtel. 

Gov. Denny to N. Hardino, 1756, 


At the Request of M'. Stephens, this is to acquaint yon that I 
bad the Curiosity to go & see him begin to make Pot Ash, here two 
Bays since, according to the Process he has published. SeverkI 
Persous of Note were present, besides Mess**. Franklin, two of the%^ 
Proprietors, & every one appeared to be satified with the Per« 
formanee. • 


What might ezoite the Cariosity of many, was his purchasing the 
Works of the Liverpool Company, in Behalf of the Gentlemen now 
concerned, & -erecting a large Farnaoe, besides other Buildings, & 
making Pot Ash, all within a Month; and the other Company's 
Works had been wholly given over, both here & in Virginia, their 
Process being defective. I am told that he has been applyed to for 
setting their Works on Foot again at Eapahanock; in that Province, 
whither he is now going in his Way to Georgia. 

To Nicholas Harding, Esq'. 

Gov.- Belcher to Gov. Dennt, 1756. 

Eliz\ Town, (N. J.) Nov. 15, 1756. 

I hope this will have the Honour of saluting you in good health, 
and that it may introduce to your Knowledge the Bearer, M'. Thomas 
Stevens, who has been encouraged by the Parliament of Great 
Britain to put forward in His Majesty's Colonies in America the 
Manufactury of Potash, he comes recommended to me from a mem- 
ber of the House of Commons as a Gentleman of Honour and great 
Ingenuity, and has with good Success carried on the making of Pot- 
ash in New England, & as this Affair will be of great Benefit to His 
Majesty's Dominions in Great Britain and His American Colonies, 
I recommend this Gentlemen to Your Countenance and Encourage- 
ment in all such Ways as you shall judge proper in thereby pro- 
moting the Trade and Commerce of His Majesty's Subjects. 
I am with much Respect and Esteem, Sir, 
Your Honour's most obedient and 
most humble Servant, 

His Honour L*. Gov'. Denny. 

Col. John Armstrong to Gov. Denny, 1756. 

Carlisle, 15th Nov'. 1756. 
May it please your Hon'. 

I thought it my Duty on Behalf of myself, the Officers and Sol- 
diers of the Western Battalion to lay before your Hon' a Represen- 
tation of the Grievances and Hardships we afb like to labour under, 
fby means of the contract entered into between the Commissionera 
and the Victuallers appointed for supplying this Battalion. Tho 
case is as follov^, (viz^) The Soldiers who were formerly allowed a 


Poond and half of Fresh Heat each by the Day are now sapply'd 
with only Four Pounds of Beef, three Pounds of Pork and ten 
PoQQds and a half of Flour each by the Week, and also a Gill of 
Ram or Whisky by the Day. For this the contractors are paid 
Five Shillings for each Man by the Week, whereby it is Evident 
their Profits will amount to upwards of Two thousand Pounds in a 
year, ezclusiTe of being allowed for their necessary Trouble, For as 
they purchase Beef at Id. } ^ pound, Pork at 2d, Flour at the 
Rate of Eight Shilling ^ Hundred, and the Rum or Liquor allowed 
will not amount to more than seven Pence "^ Week for each ma;), 
BO that the Victuallers, allowing them for their Trouble six pence 
by the Week for each man, which will make the amounts of their 
Profits upwards of £2000 as before mentioned. This certainly can- 
not answer the Intention of the Government who would undoubtedly 
mnch rather that the Soldiery should be well supplied in Order to 
enoourage them to Act with Vigour in Defence oL their Country, 
than to contribute so much towards Hhe enriching private Persons 
for doing Nothing. It can also be made appear that the Beef 
bought in these Parts is generally ill fed, and the most of it not 
above two or three years old, which consequently will produce a 
great Deficiency in the Weight by being salted, besides the Vic- 
tuallers, notwithstanding the Cheapness and Poorness of the Beef, 
salt up and deliver to the Soldiers all the Necks, Houghs & Shins 
which I am inforjned are never given to the Regular Troops in his 
Majesties Service, who are generally supplyed with the best Beef, 
& other neoesaary Provisions that can be bought, but the Victuallers 
take care to appropriate to their own Use all the Tongues, Tallow, 
&e. of the Beeves which they have at the abovementioned Rate, and 
if given to the Soldiers might be of great Service to them. I much 
doubt that such a Procedure will produce very bad consequences, as 
the Soldiers are quite dissatisfied, & even threaten to lay down their 
arms and quit the Service. I further beg Leave to remonstrate to 
your Hon' that it is morally impossible for the Officers to comply 
with the Rules prescribed in the before mentioned contract, espe- 
cially as to being obliged to receive six months Provisions at one 
Time, & to weigh out the same in small parcels without any allow- 
ance ifor Wastage. A Deficiency in the Redelivery, for the above 
Reasons, will naturally follow, which it seems must be made good 
by the Officers, whereby they will be liable to a certain Loss, be 
subject to the principal part of the Duty belonging to the Victuallers 
or Commissaries, & the Persons on whom such Duty is incumbent, 
pocket the Profits. I have been often informed that a Person might 
be found who, at the allowance of Fifteen Shillings ^ Day, would 
supply this Battalion with Provisions to their Satisfaction, whereby 
the Soldiers would be much easier kept to their Duty, the officers 
exempted from so much Loss and extraordinary Trouble, and the 
Government save about Fifteen hundred Pounds in a year. I 


humbly submit these matters to your Hon** ConsideratioD; & am, 
vtiik the greatest Respect, 

Your Hon" 

Most Obedient^ 

humble Servant, 


P. S. As I understand the ^hole years' Provisions will be salted 
and delivered to the Soldiers, It is to be doubted as they cannot 
have any Change of Diet by Broth or otherwise, it may be the means 
of promoting the Scurvy or some other bad Disorder among them. 

Examination of Henhy Hess, 1756. 

The Examination of Henry Hess, late of Lower Smithfield Town- 
ship, Northampton County, Labourer, aged nineteen years. 

This Examinant saith, that on New Years day last he was at his 
IlDcklQS, Henry Hess's Plantation in the said Township of Lower 
Smithfield, and that his Father, Peter Hess, Nicholas Coleman, and 
one Gotleib a labourer, were there likewise. That about nine a'olock 
in the morning they were .surprized by a party of Twenty Five 
Indians, headed by Teedyuscung, among whom were several of 
those now in Town, viz., Peter Harrison, Samuel Evans, Christian, 
Tom Evans, that they killed the said Nicholas Coleman and Gotleib, 
and took his Father & himselfe Prisoners, set fire to the stable, 
hunted up the horses and took three of them. Then the Indians 
went over the second Blue Mountains, and overtook &Ye Indians 
with two Prisoners, Leonard and William Weeser, and a little after 
this they killed this Examinants Father, Peter Hess, in his presence, 
scalpd him and took off all his cloaths. The Indians who were 
thirty in number in ye evening before it was dark, stoppd & kindled 
a Fire in the woods, first tying him and the two Wcesers with ropes 
and fastning them to a tree, in wch manner they remained all night, 
tho' it was extremely cold, the coldest night as He thinks in this 
whole year. Some or other of the Indians were awake all night, it 
being as they said too cold to sleep. They seemed to be under no 
apprehensions of being pursued, for they set no watch. As soon as 
day broke they set off travelling but slowly, and the next day they 
came to Wyomish, an Indian Town, on the Sasquehannah, and find- 
ing no Indians there, this Examinant understanding afterwards that 
the Indians who used to live there had removed to Taconnich for 
fear of being attacked, they proceeded on their journy & came the 
next day to the Town where were about one hundred Indians, men, 
women & children. This Examinant further saith, that after the 
severe weather was abated, all the Indians quitted Taconnich and 


removed to Diahogo, distant as he thinks fifty miles, situate at the 
mouth of the Cayuga Branch, where they staid till Planting time, 
and then some of them went to a place np the Caynga Branch near 
its head, called Little Shingle, where they planted com, and lived 
there till they set off for this Treaty. During this Examinants stay 
with them small parties of five or six Warriors went to War, and 
retnmd with some scalps & Prisoners which they said they had 
taken' at Allemingle and Minisinks. This Examinant says further, 
that they would frequently say in their discourses all the country 
of Pennsylvania did belong to them, & the Governor's were always 
bojing their land from them but did not pay them for it. That 
Teedyuscung was frequently in conversation with a negro man a 
Banaway, whose Master lived some where above Samuel Depuys, 
and he overheard Teedyuscung advising him to go among the 
lohabitants, & talk with the negros, & persuade them to kill their 
Masters, which if they would do he would be in the woods ready to 
receive any negros y* woud murder their Masters, & they might live 
well with the Indians. This Examinant saith, that he saw some 
English Prisoners at different places up the Cayuga Branch, and 
particularly one Hunt, a Boy, as he thinks of fifteen or sixteen 
yean, who was taken near Pauline Kiln in Jersey, that he had not 
seen him after Teedyuseung's Return to Diahogo on his first 




Capt. Hugh Mbecbr to Jambs Young, 1756. 

^ Lancaster^ the 17"» November; 1756. 


' When Coll. Armstrong was last in Town he prevailed with the 
Commissioners to have a Surgeon provided for our Battalion, But 
the Person not being fixed upon, the Coll. and I have recommended 
the Gentleman who waits upon you with this. As one well qualified 
for that Place, and I beg the favour of you to use your Interest with 
the Governour and Commissioners for Doctor Blair. I intend next 
•reek to joyn my Company at Shippensburg, (my Wound being in a 
fair way of being Cured) tho' it will be a considerable Time in heal« 
ing quite up and rendering me fit for much Duty. 
I am, Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble Servant, 




To James Young, Esquire, 

Commiasa' Gen^ of the Musters, 

In Philadelphia. 
By favour of \ 
Poof Blair, j 

Col. John Armstkong to Gov. Denny, 1756.^ 

Mc. Dowel's Mill, November 19*^ 175C. 
May it please y Houour : 

According to y Honour's Orders I have carefully examined Barr's 
place, and could not find in it a proper Situation for a Fort, the Soil 
■being too Strong to admit the Ditch, and the Spot it self, Overlooked 
by an adjoining Hill, but has fixed on a Plaee in that neighbour- 
hood near to Parnel's Knab where one Patton lived, the Spot I hope 
will be very agreeable to your Honour & to Mr. Myer, and as its 
near the New Eoad, will make the distance from Shippensburgh to 
Fort Lyttleton two Miles Shorter than by McDoweFs. I'm make- 
ing the best preparation in my power to forward thb New Fort, as well 
as to prepare by Barracks, &c., all the others for the approaching 
Winter. Yesterday the Escort of one hundred men returned from 
Lyttleton who left the C battle, &c., safe there, and to-day we begin 
to Digg a Cellar in the New Fort ; the Loggs & Roof of a New 
House having there been Erected by Patton before the Indians 
burn'd his Old One. We shall first apprise this House, and then 
take the benefit of it, either for Officers' Barracks or a Store House, 
by which means the Provisions may the sooner be mov'd from this 
place, which at present divides our Strength. 

This tother half Pound of Beef is like to be an insurmountable 
thing, nor will the men, I think, be content without it, whilst the 
Meat is Green or in the Pickel, but when dry'd I think the Pound a 
day will do very well. 
I am, Sir, 

Y' Honor's 

most Obedie^ Humble Serv*, 


P. S. May this Fort be call'd Pomfret Castle, or what will you 
please to call it f 

Governor Denny. * 

To the Honourable Wilfiam Denny, Esq'., 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Province 

Pennsylvania; Philadelphia. 
^ favour of 

Cap* Edward Ward 


Col. Jno. Armstkong to Gov. Bbkny, 1756. 

Fort Morris, 21»* November, 1756. 
May it please y' Honour : 

The inclosed paper, relative to Frederick Croft and Philip 
Father, were sent me Bj Cap' Ward, from Fort Lyttleton, ^bere 
Father was intercepted on his way to Fort Daqnesne, on receit of 
vhich, being then at McDowel's Mill, I detached a party of Men 
for Frederick Croft, with Orders to Deliver him to the Commanding 
Officer at this place, which was done, and this morning has Sent 
Father & Croft to Carlisle Goal; where they most be confined nntill 
jonr Hon" pleasure is known, 

Oo Croft's Examination he says that about a year agoe a Dutch- 
man being appointed Centinal at Duquesne, Deserted his Post, after 
sundry days travel made the House of the s' Croft, in Antrim Town- 
ship, where, after receiving Victuals, s* Deserter informed Croft's 
wife be knew two kinsmen of Croft's at Fort Duquesne, Viz : 
Martin Croft (a Coopper by trade) and Hans Adams Nolt, Soldiers, 
who would have deserted with him had they had opportunity, and 
were inlisted with him by. the French in Some part of Jermany. 
Father on losing bis Wife & Children told Croft he could have no 
qniet, and must follow them, expecting if the Indiana did not kill 
him on his way he might yet get his Wife and Children ; whereup- 
on Croft says he was excited to give Father the inclosed paper writ- 
ten in the Jerman Language ; they both profess themselves Protes- 
tants. Croft, by his neighbours, is suspected to be a Papist, and 
Seems to me to know more than what he has yet acknowledged ; he 
has a Wife and small family living on the Frontier, and the Sooner 
your Honour's Orders are rec* the better. Father's Character ia 
the neighbourhood, given by his own Country men^ is not good, 
lam ' 

T' Honr" most ob* Serv*, 


Governor Denny. 

Col. Wm. Clapham to Gov. Denny, 1766. 

Fort Augusta, 23^* November, 1756. 

I did myself the Honor to write you by Captain Busse on -the ^ 
19*' Instant, since w«' the Battoesare repaired and the river at length 
almost Navigable, and daily rising; as soon as the Water admits of 
their passing I^all use my Endeavours to hire men for that Servicg, 
bat 'tis uncertain whether or no I shall be able to procure any from 
a Deficiency of Money to discharge the Arrears due to those Men 
already, whose Accounts I have annexed^ and hope that your Honor 


will give Orders for tke immediate Remittance of the Ballaace dae 
to them, as I find it impossible to do without their Assistance, and 
am afraid the Service must suffer in the mean Time for want of it, 
and a favourable opportunity of supplying the Garrison be lost As 
soon as the Battoes can pasa I shall discharge the Horses; that 
method from the rising of the Creeks being subject to great Inoon- 

The Bearer, Cap* Patterson, has been very serviceable on two 
Detachments of great fatigue, and has in every other Respect, during 
his sta^ here; behaved himself like a brave and an Honest Man. 
As he IS owner of the House where I mentioned the flour was left 
and acoompany'd the Detachment sent to that Place, he will be able 
to inform your Honour more particularly on that Head. 

Inclos'd is a Copy of Mr. Mear's Orders, and likewise Major 
Burd's orders on. that Occasion the Detachment from Captain Bus- 
see's Company, mentioned in my last, being return'd, I have dispatch- 
ed them w*^ a Reinforcement of thirty men from the Regiment, 
w*** Orders to march back by a different Route thro' the Woods, and 

Sir, . 

Your Honor's 

most Obedient humble Servant, 




EsTiuATB OF Annual. Cost of Thbeb Battalions, 1756. 

An Estimate of what Tbree Battalions, PcnnsylTania Forces, will cost per 
AnniiiD, Each Battalion to consist of SoTcn Companjs of Foot, and one of 
Hone, YiMt:^ 


£ s. a. 

1 Lieu* Col». 

1 Major, 

5 Captains of Foot^ 

7 Leiv«», . 

7 Ensigns, 

1 Adjutant, 

1 Surgeon, 

1 Surgeon's Mate, 
14 Serjants, 
14 Corporals, 

7 Drummers, 
350 Private Soldiers, 

@17s. IP day, 

15«. " 

10«. " 

5«. M. " 

4«. « 

is. « 

6». " 

3». « 

2«. " 

Is. 9d. « 

Is. 9d. " 

Is. 6c?. " 


Captain, . 


Ensign, . 





50 Private Men, 



10«. " 

5«. 6d. " 




U. M. 

Is. M. 


Is. Qd. « 

First Battalion, 
Second Battalion, 
Third Battalion, 

One Commis^ of tho Masters k Pay- 
master, @15«. ^ day, 
His Traviling Expenses, . about 

One Military Secretary, ^ Ann", 
Subsistence of 1404 men @ 5s. ^ wk. each man. 
First Cost of 177 horses, about £16, 
Subsistence of 177 horses, . @ Is. ^ day, 

177 Sadies with hol'rs, sadle bags &o £3 5s. '^ 
177 Pair Pistols, . . 35 « 

177 Sabres, ... 20 « 

November 21**, 1756. 






































































Estimate op the Current Tear's Expbnce for the 
Province of Pennsylvania. 

Three Battalions on the Frontiers of Seven '\ 
Companies of Foot and one of Horse, each >- 
^ Calculation, J 72.469 11 6 . 

An Occasional Garrison at Wiccaco when '\ 
the King's Troops are absent, as ^ Calcula- > 
tion, ) 1.741 6 3 

Fort at Mudd Island, about - - )- 8.000 

A Vessel of War to protect the Trade, ab* } 10.000 

Pay and Provisions for 137 Men, Officers ^ 
included, on board the Vessel for Eight > 
months, as ^ Calculation, . . . \ 4.800 

Arms, Accoutriments and Amunition for"^ 
the Militia, to be lodged in a Convenient [• 
Arsenal, ) 10.000 

Barrccks for his Majesty's Forces that may ") 
be Quartered here, ;.---- | 10.000 

An Engineer to be taken into regular pay "^ 
for the Service of the Province, @ 15 p. ^ >• 
day, j 273 15 

Contingencies, 10.000 

^127.284 12 9 

Errors Excepted, 24 Novem'. 1756. 

A Calculation of Provisions and Stores Necessary 
FOR Four Hundred Men, 1766. 

Bread for 400 Men, 1 Month, @ 1 lb& } ^ Day, Am*« to 18800 W«. 

Rum " " 1 " @ « « 875 Gall-. 

Beef <« (( I ti @}lb " « 600erW*. 

Pork *' " 1 " @ J lb « " 6000 W*. 

Boards, Plank, &o., for Cov'ring and Platforms, £80 

Iron for Smiths & Tools, 1000, . ... 15 

A Flag for the Fort, 12 

2 Buckets, 1 

60 Cans, 3 

50 Wooden Bowls, - - - - - - 1 17 6 

500 Spoons, 8 2 6 


40 Brass Kettles of Different sixes, - • - 40 ' 

4 half Bash^ Measures, 1 

6 Lanthomsy -' 15 

100 W< Candeb, 8 6 3 

1 Spying Glass, 12 6 

Card Compasses, Scales & Dividers, 1 of each, - 1 10 

Evans's Map, 76 

6 Hour Glasses, 9 

100 Tents-for 400 Men, 200 

400 Blankets, 225 

12 Handspikes for the Cannon, .... 
24 Priming Wires, - - - . - . 3 

12 Linstocks, 6 Pouch Barrels, • ' - - - 2 

Flannel for Cartridges, 

2 Formers, 2 6 

16 Spanges k Hammers, 2 

16 Worms, 2 8 

16 Copper Spoons or Ladles, .... 4 

16 Aprons, -^ 2 

Beds & Cojns for 16 Cannon, 

10 Bb^ Powder, 100 

2000 W* Partridge ^ Grape Shot, ... 3 

100 W* of old Junk for Wadding, ... 10 

300 Tin Cartridges, 15 

100 Granad. Shells, 5 

16 Cannon & Carriages, 2 for the face of ea. Curtain, ) 

& 1 for the face of ea. Bastian, - ) 280 

100 lb Match, 2 

Balls for the small Arms, 75 

10 Iron Springs for Cleaning Firelocks, with a) 

Worm at the other End, .... J 2 

400 Cartridge Boxes, 60 

20 Pairs Hand Cuffs & Shackels, - - • - 15 

250 Worms, 5 

320 Round & Barr Shoi, 

2 P" Jack Screws, ...... 

10 Team of Horses for Hawling Materials for the Fort, 
Cutlasses for 400 Men, 
Swivel Guns, 
Toma hawks. 


Wm. Allbn to High Shebiff of Philadelphia, 1766. 

City of Philadelphia^ ss. 

Whereas, Informstion hath been made to me, William AlleOi 
Esqaire, Chief Justice of the Province of Pennsylvania, upon 
Oath, That at divers Days and Times, variops traiterous and Trea- 
sonable Conversation sand Discourses have been had and moved in 
the house of Doctor Hugh Matthews of this City, at which the said 
Hugh Matthews was present and bore a Part therein, and many 
Letters and Papers at the said Times have been read and handed 
about in the s' Company, which there is great Reason to suspect 
contained some traiterous and ' treasonable Matters to the great 
Scandal of his Majestie's Eoyal and Sacred Person^ just Rights, 
and the Government by Law established. 

You are therefore hereby strictly charg'd & commanded to take 
the Body of the said Hugh Matthe\^s, & bring him before me to 
answer the Premises and be dealt with according to Law ; and that 
you search the house of the said Hugh Matthews, and all other sus- 
pected Places where the Papers of the s' Hugh may be supposed to 
be concealed, and bring all treasonable Papers you may find before 
me to be inspected and examined, Hereof, fail not at your Peril ; 
and for your so Doing, this shall be your Warrant. 

Given under my hand and Seal this Twenty-Fourth Day of 
November, Anno Dom., 1756. 


To James Coultas, Esquire, High Sheriff of Philadelphia County. 

BoBE^ Erwin to Col. Clapham, 1756. 

. On my Journey from Philadelphia to Fort Augusta, w*^ Draft 
Horses for the use of that Garrison, I halted at Hunters Fort and 
Requested an Escort of fifteen Men from the Garrison at that place, 
w*"" Major Burd had informed me M'. Mears, Commandant of that Gar- 
rison^ had Orders from you to furnish me with, to w®* I receiv'd for 
answer that Col** Clapham had no Command of him nor his men : 
that he shou'd not pay any Regard to these Orders of Colonel Clap- 
hams or the Qovernours, for how cou'd the Governor give him the 
Command of that Fort and yet Command it himself, upon w*"*, 
having been inform'd by Major Burd, that there was the greatest 
want of the Horses at Fort Augusta^ and that the Service was much 

* ** Two freeholders bonnd in £260 each, and the Doctor in £500.'' lia- 
dorsement. See Colon. Rec. Vol. YLI. p. 844. 


impeded from the necessity of them^ I Jadg'd it necessary to par- 
sne my Journey without the £8cor4, and-am^ 

your very humble Servant, 

To William Clapham, Esq"*. 

Col. Clapham to Gov. Denny, 1756. 


I receivd your Favour of November 8**, and beg leave to Assure 
jour Honor that I never sent an Escort, consisting of so small a 
Dumber as fifiy Men, the Repairs of the Battoes are now near fin- 
ishd, they will require one hundred and thirteen meti to work them, 
for which Ezpence, and the Payment of Arrears due on that Ao- 
conot, I have not in my Hands one single Shilling ; the Season ad- 
vancing, will not admit of the supplying this Garrison by Horses 
bat for a short time, when the Depth of the Creeks, the Badness of 
the Roads, the Coldness of the Weather and the length of the Way, 
will render that method impracticable; the continual escorts necessary 
in that Way have weaken'd the Garrison, fatigued tho Men, and pre- - 
vented me from doing that Service to the Country which I other- 
wise would have attempted, the Party I sent to the great Island re- 
tuni'd by the Allegany Road without finding any Enemy, or dis- 
covering any Tracks made for some months past, except the recent 
marks of one shod Horse and a single foot Passenger; immediately 
on their return I detach'd two more Partys, one to the Place where 
the Allegany Road crosses Juniata, w*^ Orders to examine into the 
State of the Flour at Capt. Pattersons, and if Possible to Ambus- 
cade the Enemy— the other to Hunters to Esoori Provisions ; the 
reconnoitring Party, which I hinted a Design of sending to several 
Places, I shall postpone, for Reasons which I shall communicate 
when next I have the Honor of seeing yon — these Continual De- 
tachments by weakning the Garrison, conduce as much to harrass 
the People employed on the Works as those who march out, since 
they have but one single night in Turn a Bed and oblig'd to Wdfk 
every Day, and the Officers fit for out Commands, are almost Fa- 
tigued to Death. 

I have been Oblig'd to arrest Ensign Mears, at Hunter's Fort, for 
repeated Breach of Orders. Copys of some of the Complaints against 
him are herewith transmitted to your Honor, he is releiv'd by En- 
sign Ream, of Cap^ Bussees Company, as he belongs to a different 
Corps. I beg leave to know whether it is your Pleasure that his 
offence shou'd be enqui^'d into by a Court Composed of the Officers 
of this Regiment; or of the Eastern Battalion, or of both ; twenty 


»iof Cap^ Basses Company were absent on Command when yonr 
Orders l^slative to him arriv'd, which was the Reason why he oou'd 
not be forthwith Dispatch' d, as they did not return according to £z- 
*pectation; I have sent him off without them, and will, at their re- 
turn, strengthen them with a Detachment from the Kegiment W^ I 
con^d not spare him, and prosecute the Works. 

Two Bushels of Blue Grass Seed are necessary wherewith to sow 
the Slopes of the Parapet & Glacis, and the Banks of the River — 
in eight or ten Days more the Ditch will be carried quite round the 
Parapet, the Barrier Gates finish'd and Erected, and the Pickets of 
the Glacis compleated — after which, I shall do myself the Honor to 
to attend your Commands 4n Person, and am, 

Your Honors most Obedient 

humble Servant, 


Journal of the Proceedings of Conrad Weiser with the Indians, to 
Fort Allen, by his Honour the GK)vernours Order, in November, 

Nov. 18**.— =^ After I got all the Indians out of Town with mnch 
trouble, I left the Town about four o'Clook in the afternoon, accom« 
panied by the Officers of the Escort and Deedjoskon, Pompshire, 
Moses Deedamy, and two more Indians on Horseback ; we reached 
Bethlehem after Dark, and after the Soldiers and Indians were 
quartered at the Publiok Inn this side of the Creek, I gave Deed- 
joskon the slip in the Dark, and he went along with the Rest to the 
said Inn, and I stayed at M'. Horsflelds, having acquainted the Offi« 
oers with my Design, and gave the necessary Order before hand. 

19*^. — The Soldiers and Indians rose early and got ready to march, 
Deedjoskon could not get his Wife away, she wanted to stay ia 
Bethlehem, because for his debauched way of Living, he took all 
the Children but one from her; at the Brethern's Request I inter- 
ceded, and prevailed to go with her Husband. We lefr Bethlehem 
by Ten of the Clock, dined at one Hesse's, (the Indians and Sol- 
diers) upon cold Beef and Sider, Deedjoskon and four or five more 
with me ; the Indian Account came to fifteen Shillings and three 
Pence, which I left unpaid. The Landlord had other Accounts of 
the same Nature against the Province. We arrived that Night at 
one Nicholas Opplingcr, the 

20^^.— After I had settled with the Landlord, the Indian account, 
which amounted to £1 10 II, chiefly for Sider, left it unpaid, this 
being the last Place where they could get it, we sott off and arrived 
at Fort Allen by 10 o'Clock ; Deedjoskan was very troublesome for 


Brink to treat the Indiana that camo to see him, I mean the Mene* 
sink Indians that had stayed about 5 miles beyond Fort Allen. 
Tbey seemed to be very friendly, but notwithstanding the appeared 
to bo guilty of a great deal of mischief : some of them could not 
look into my face. I found several among them that knew me. I 
committed thirty of them ; they .were well used, and took very 
gladly Share of the Present which Deedjoskon devidcd, and made a 
Beginning this Day. 

2K — ^The deviding of the Groods were finished. The Menessink 
Indians wanted to set off; they said that they have been too long 
avay from their Wives & Children, and left no Body to hunt for 
them. I did all what I oould to keep them, and got Cap^ Amd to 
famish them with some Flower; Deedjoskon shared the Rum with 
them that was left in the Ten Galling Cask, which was ordered them 
by the Commissioners to drink beyond Fort Allen, but there was 
oqIj about five fallings left. Deedjoskon, by the way, was very 
troublesome : he would treat the Indians, and I was by no means 
capable of dissuading him from it; so, after the Menesink Indians 
had their share he would have a Frolick with his Company, till at 
kst I gave the Cagg and all what was in, which was about three 
Oailings, with that Proviso, that he must not oome into the Fort 
that night, nor none of his Indians, if they did they must take what 
follows; if they should attempt to get into the Fort, to which he 
agreed, and away he went with the Cask. I ordered a Soldier to 
carry it down to their Fire ; about midnight he came back and de« 
Mied to be let in, and it was found that he was alone, orders were 
given to let him in, because his Wife and Children was in the Fort ; 
He behaved well. After a while we were alarmed by one of the 
drunken Indians, that offered to dio^e over the Stoocadoes. I got on 
the Plat form and looked out of the Port hole, and saw the Indian, 
and told bin to be gone, else the Centry should fire upon him ; he 
ran off as fast as he could, and cried, damn yon all I value you not ; 
bat be got oat of Sight imediately, and we heard no more of it. 

Tokayiendisery was very ^ick when we left Easton ; we brought 
bim along in the Wagon. I desired M'. Otto, the Doctor in Beth- 
lehem, to come and see him. The Doctor believed he would get the 
Small Pox and advised him to stay, but we could not prevail on 
bim. When we came to Fort Allen he was most gone, but would 
not stay ; His Companions begged of me to get a Horse for him to 
ride on, and they would return it in the Spring. I could not refuse 
tbem any longer, thev having requested three or four times. I bought 
a Horse, Saddle and Bridle for him, for five Pounds, and paid for it 
io the Presence of Cap^ Amdt. After all the sick man could not 
ride on Horseback, so the Indians made a Litter for four Indians to 
carry their Logage, but I believe he will never see his own Country 
again. ^ - ^ 

A Certain Indian, called Armstrong, had a rifled Gun taken or 
stollen from him in Easton, It is supposed by one of the Prisoners 


to whom it first belonged. Vernon, the Innkeeper, promised bim to 
make Enquiry for it, and bring it after bim ; Tbis was just at our 
le.aYingoff Easton, in my Presence. Accordinglyi M'. Vernon oame 
after us and overtook as at Hess's, but brougbt no Gun, and noth- 
ing was said of it to my Knowledge ; but when we came to Fort 
AUen this Indian d^dmanded a rifled Gun of me, and said that Ver- 
non told him that I had it in charge from the Governour to find it 
for him. I denied it utterly, and told him absolutely that it was 
false ; However, I offered him one of the Provincial Spare Guns, 
but he did not like it, and gave it back ; so as to make every thing 
easy I bought a German Gun of one of the Soldiers for thirty five 
shillings and gave it to the Indian, which satisfied him, and I paid for 
the Gun. 

22'. — After I had a very particular Discourse with some of the 
Heads of them, and put them ii> mind of what they had Promised 
in the Treaty, and what would be their Duty now, we parted, I be- 
ing satisfied in my Mind that these People were in good Ernest, and 
very heartily in the Affair, in order to brinj^ over as many of the 
Enemy Indians as posibly they can. John Cook undertook to deli- 
ver the Message to his Grandmother and Pozonosa, and received the 
Present for them, to witt :, Ten Pieces of Eight for each. Deed- 
joskon, quite sober, parted with me with Tears in his Eyes, reoo- 
mended Pompshire to the Government of Pennsylvania, and desired 
me to Stand a Friend to the Indians, and *give good Advice, till 
every Thing that was desired was brought about. Though he is a 
Drunkard and a very Irregular man, yet he is a man that ($an think 
well, and I believe him to be sincere in what he said. 
' I took my leave of them, and they of me very canditly ; Cap'. 
Amd sent an Escort with me of twenty men to Fort Franklin, where 
we arrived at three o' Clock in the afternoon, it being about fourteen 
miles distant from Fort Allen. I saw that^he Fort was not Tean- 
able, and the House not finished for the Soldiers, and that it could 
not be of any Service to the Inhabitant Part, there being a great 
Mountain between them. I ordred Lieut^^Eogel to Evacuate it, 
and come to the South side of the Hills himself with Nineteen men, 
at John Eberets, Esq'., and the Rest being Sixteen men more, at 
John Eckenroad, both places being about three Miles distant from 
each other, and both in the Township of Linn, Northampton County, 
untill otherways ordered. 

23*.— Left Fort Franklin. The Lieut., with Ten men, escorted 
me as far as Probst's, about Eight mile, where I discharged him, and 
arrived at Reading that Evening. 


November the 24**, 1756. 


Rbv. Mr. Spangbnberg to Gov. Deistny, 1756. 

May it please your HoDonr, 

These are to return your Hnr, our most humble thanks, for the 
Favoop of so kind a visit of y Hnrs at Bethlehem. As we are a 
people, more used to the country, then to cities, we hope y' Hnr 
will excuse what may have been amiss. So much I can say, and 
this from the Bottom of my Heart, that y Hnrs Persoii and Place 
or Station, is sacred unto us. We all do wish unanimously that y 
Hnr may prosper, and meet with a blessed success in all under- 
takings for the good of this Province. 

Mr. Horsefield having told us, that y' Hnr wants a com pleat 
catalogue of all men, women and children belonging to our occo- 
nomy; I have ordred one to be made, and have added some Memo- 
randums or observations, wh*^ I hope will give you a clear idea 
thereof. I recommend my Self, and all my Brethren, who live in 
this Province, again in y' Hnrs Protection. 

As for our circumstances we are at a loss how to act with those 
Indians, that come out of the woods, and want to stay at Bethlehem. 
They are very troublesome guests, and we should be ^lad- to have 
your Hnrs Orders about them. Oar Houses are full alljeady, and 
we must be at the "Expeuces of building Winter-Houses for them, if 
more should come ; ^ich very likely will be the case, according to 
the account we have from them who are come. And then another 
difficulty prises, viz., we hear that some of our Neighbours are very 
uneasy at our receiving such murdering Indians ; for so they stile 
them. We therefore, I fear, shall be obliged to set watches, to keep 
of such of the Neighbours who might begin Quarrels with or attempt 
to hart any of them. 

Now we are willing to do any thing that lays in our power, for 
the Service of that Province, where we have enjoyed sweet pease for 
several years past. But we want y Hnrs Orders for every step we 
take, and we must humbly beg not to be left without them ; the 
more so, as we have reason to fear, that some how an Indian may 
be hurt or killd, which certainly would breed new Troubles of war. 
We had at least a case last week, that some one fired at an Indian 
of Bethlehem but a little way from Bethlehem in the woods. 

I hope Mr. Horsefield will give y' Hnr a particular account 
thereof, and so I will add no more. 
Y' Hnrs 

Most humble and 

Most obedient Servant, 


Bethl , Nov. 29, 1756. 

* See Col. Rec , Vol. VII., p. 358. 



Catalogue of all thb Men, Women & Children, ^who tor the 


Bethlehem, Nov. 29th, 1756. 
L 0/the married People ^ Tioto many Children they have, 
r. Gottlieb Spanirenberi^ 1 Thomas Fisber, 2 

Avg. Gottlieb Spangenberg, 

Peter Bohler, 

MattbsDUS Hebl| 

Anton Lawatsch, / 

David Nit8chmann| 

Abraham Reincke, 

Martin Mack, 

Joh. Michel Graff 

David Heckewaelder, 

Matthseas Schropp, 

Christian Henrich, 

Thomas Benzien, 

Bemh. Adam Grube, 

Frank Christian Lembke, 

George Neuaer, 

Joh. Jacob Schmiok, 

John Edwin, 

Jacob Rogers, 

George Weber, 

John Bohner, 

Ernst Gamboldy 

Albrecht Russmisjer, 

George Ohneberg, 

Timothy Horsefield| 

John Bechtel, 

Philip Christian Bader, 

John Okelj, 

Henrj Beck, 

Frederik Otto, 

Matths&us Otto, 

Frank Blum, 

Tobias Hirte, 

Paul Dan. Bryzelius, 

George Klein, 

Wm. Thome, 

Joh. Valentin Haidt, 

John Jorde, 

Wm. Dixon, 

Christian Stoz, 

Wm. Edmonds, 

Christian Eggert, 

* Prepared at Request of Got. Denny, by Eov. Mr. Spangenberg ;- 
Min. Dec. 8, 1766, Vol. VII. p. 353. 

1 Thomas Fisher, 

Daniel Kunckler, 

Carl Schulze, 

John Schmidt, 
1 Melchior Schmidty 
1 Bernhard Miiller, 

3 Gottfried Roemcit, 

1 George Pitshmann, 

4 Wm. Werner, 

4 Joh. Georg Geitner^ 
John Stol), 

2 Anton Schmidt, 

1 Michel Schnall, 
David Digcon, 

2 Christian Werner, 
1 Andreas Home, 

1 Samuel Maw, 

David TaniAergcr, Son., 
David Tanneberger, Jun., 

3 John Schebosch, 
3 Frederil^ Boeckel, 

MatthsQus Wittke, 
3 John Brandmuller, 

5 Chr. Fr. Steinmann, 
Abraham Buninger, 

1 Joseph Powel, 
John Christoph Francke, 

6 Jaspar Payne, 

3 Robt. Hussey, 

1 Nic. Sanger hausen, 
9 Christian Gottfr. Engel, 
6 George Partsch, 
5 Peter Mordyk, 

1 Michel Miicksch, 

2 Jacob Eyerie, 
Ephraim Coulver, 

4 Rud. Christ, 
1 Peter Brown, 

Job.- Christian Richter, 

3 Gottlieb Bernt, 
George Easke, 










Hartman Yerdries, 

3 Joh. Fredr. Beyer, 


John Levering, 

2 Andreas Brockech, 

Henrich Beutel, 

3 Albrecht Kloz, 


Richd. UUey, 

2 Henrich Miiller, 

Peter Gdtje, 

3 George Zeisberger, 

Christ. Fr. Oerter, 

3 Qottfr. Schulze, 


Joseph Midler, 

1 George Gold, 


Thomas Schaaf, 

Daniel Oesterlein, 


Martin Luck, 

Rudolph Strsehle, 


NicoL SchaBfer, 

1 G. Stephan Wolson, 


George Schneider, 

2 Abraham Hessler, 


George Christ, 

Ludwig Stoz, 


Henrj Frey, 

Christian Fritsche, 


Job. Nic. Weinland, 

2 Joh. Jacob Hafner, 


John Christian Weinert, 

Peter Schnert, 


Blartin Liebsch, 

1 Christian Anton, 


Joseph M oiler, 

2 Andreas Kremser, 


Adam Schneider, 

2 Matth. Hancke, 


Paul Fritsche, 

PhiL Transou, 


Benrich Fritsche, 

2 Martin Bohmer, 


Melch. Schmidt, morav., 

2 Andreas Schober, 


Ellas Flex, 

2 Joh. George Jnngmann, 


Wenzel Bemhard, 

Joh. H. Moeller, 

Enert Enerson, ^ 

2 Anton Wagner, 

Joh. Henr. Segner, 
Joh. Matthew Spohn, 

2 Philip Meurer, 


2 Daniel Neubert, 

Frank Steup, 

2 Michel Jahm, 


Valentin Fiihrcr, 

George Nixdorff, 


Joh. Biirstler, 

Fredr. Schlegel, 


Abraham Bom per, 

5 Joh. Hantsch, 


Michel Haberland, 

Joh. Chr. Hoepfner, 


John Bmcker, 

3 Henrich Biefel, 


Samnel Isles, 

Cad Opir, 


Thomas Yarre], 

2 Wm. Grabs, 


Nic. Chirrison, Sen,, 

4 Christoph. Schmidt, 

Salomon Schumann, 

David Bischoff, 

2 Georse Schmidt. 

Mathi. Erause, 


No. of Married people, 

157 No. of Children, 
//. Widomn. 


David Nitschmann, Sen., 

Andreas Shout, 

Jacob Till, 

Joh. Fr. Post, 

Joachim Scnsemann, 

3 Matth. Weiss, 


Wolfgang Michler, 

David Richard, 

Mickel Miicke, 

4 Rubel, 


Daniel Kliest, 

John Michler, 


Jonas Nilson, 

2 Gottlieb Haberecht. 

No. of Widowers, 

14 No. of Children, 




Ill, Wtdotot. 

3 Magd. Ells. Rebsin^ 

3 Maria Hausin, 

1 Elisabeth HerzeriOj 

1 Judith Schurer, 

3 Regina Hantsch, 

2 Rosina Miinster, 

4 A. Mar. Demuth, 
1 . A. Eiis. Leinbach. 

Gatharina Huber^ 
Oertraud Bonn, 
Gatharina BrownfieId| 
Rosina End tern, 
Ana. Mar. Lehnert^ 
Elisabeth Ronner^ 
Gatharina Weber, 
Sarah Lighton, 
Rosina Sbutsin, 

No. of Widows, 17 No. of Ghildren, 18 

188 persons, 322 children.— Total, 510. 
Nota, There are 96 children more with as, some OrphaDS, 
others belonging to some Brethren & Friends, who are not of the 
Bethlehem Oeconom j, and therefore their Names are not mentioDed. 

Nathaniel Seidel, • 
Gottlieb Bezold, 
David Zeisberger, 
Otto Krogstrj, 
George Solle, 
Frederic Weber, 
Joseph Haberland, 
John Schwiesshaupt, 
Gottfried Roesler, 
Carl Friederich, 
Samuel Herr, 
George Meiser, 
Andreas Hoger, 
Gottfried Rund, 
Jacob Herr, 
George Scbindlcr, 
Christoph. Klozo, 
Andreas Albrecht, 
Ludwig Hiibner, 
Joseph Lemmert, 
Gottlieb Lange, 
Ghristian Petersen, 
Adam Hossfeld, 
Andreas Weber, 
Andreas Seifert, 
Ghristian Hoppner, 
John Sei£fert, 
Rich* Poppelwell, 
John Merck, 
Paul Schneider, 
Michel Odcnwald, 

IV, Single Men. 

John Musch, 
Joseph Hopsch, 
Daniel Sjdrich, 
Andreas Rillmann, 
Peter Drews, 
Paul Hcnnig, 
G. Wenzcl Golkobsky, 
Christian Wedstadt, 
Jacob Rissler, 
Joseph Boelcn, 
Job. Andr. Borheck, 
Christ. Steimer, 
Job. Henr. Grun.ewald, 
Melchior Conrad, 
Abraham Hasselbcrg, 
Henrich Schoen, 
H. Wm. Schemes,* 
Christ. H. Lblber, 
Nic. Matthiesen, 
Henrich Lindemejer, 
Joh. H. Rich ling, 
Philips Meyer, 
Johanes Ortlieb, 
Abraham Andres, 
John Stadtner, 
Jens Shcrbeck, 
George Walter, 
Phil. Wesa, 
Marc. Kiefcr, 
Edward Thorpe, 
Joseph Willis, 



Cbrist. H. BareBMjrer, 

Samuel SazoDi 
P. Christian Stauber, 
Samuel Johannes^ 
Peter Jurgensen^ 
Peter Worbaa, 
Jacob Herrmann^ 
Adam Eoffler, 
PiiiL H. Ring, 
Matth. OimmeKi 
Joh. G. Kriegbauniy 
Jacob Heidecker^ 
David Kantz, 
John Hirst, 
Martin Heckedorn, 
Joh. Adam Wagenseil, 
Joh. G. Bitterlich, 
Joh. H. Merck, 
Abraham Steiner, 
Martin Hirte, 
Franz Chr. Diemer, 
Joh. Theobald Kornman, 
Carl Angnst Ludwig, 
Andreas Jasncke, 
Jnst Janaen, 
Matth. Bacber^ 
Detloff Delffs, 
Mich. Lindstroebm^ 
Anton Stiemer, 
Joseph Hiibscb, 
Aog. H. Francke, 
Carl Weineke, 

Henrich Zillman, 
Jens Wittenberg, 
Peter J. Pell, 
Jacob Schneider, 
Oortas Ziegler, 
John Thomas, 
Clau Colin, 
Samuel Lauk, 
Jacob Meyer, 
John Knecbt, 
Lucas Fas, 
liorenz Nilson, 
Joh. H. Herbst^ 
Jacob Ernst, 
John Klein, 

Vol. in.-4 

Wm. Okely, 
Wm. Edwards, 
Michel Ruch, 
John Jag, 
John Rogers, 
Abraham Bless, . 
Gasper Fischer, 
Joseph Qietsch, 
John Wurtele, 
Henr. Gerstberger, 
Zach. Eckart, 
Jens Kolkier, 
Michel Miinster, 
Andreas Hotter, 
Fredr. Ziegler, 
Jacob SchoDn, 
Benjamin Brown, 
Christian Gicrsch, 
Henrich Seidel, 

Hans Jac. Schmidt, 
Ernst Mensingcr, 
Gasper Hellermann, 
Ellcrt Eorts, 
Joh. Mich. Rippel, 
John Rothe, 
John B. Boenighaus, 
John Muller, 
Michel Ruch, 
James Staal, 
Henr. Ollringshaw, - 
Jacob Friis, 
John Nio. Funck, 
Gottfr. Schwarz, 
Loreni Bage, 
George Huber, 
Joh. Mich. Bizmann, 
Joh. G. Starck, 
Martin Scbenck, 
Joh. G. Green, 
Nio. H. Eberhard, 
Adam Weidel, 
Henr. Strauss, 
Stephen Nicholaus, 
Christian Seidel, 
Jacob Loesh, 
Gottlcb Hofmann, 



Adam Van Erd, 
Joseph Bulitscbek, 
Balthasar Hege, 
Jacob Prising^ 
Henr. Sproge, 
Chr. Mattfaiesen, 
Martin Fryhube, 
Andreas Brocksh, 
Johannes Scheffleri 
Job. H. Lenzner, 
Carl Jac. Drejspring^ 
Nic. Anspacb, 
Christian Schmid^ 
George Lash^ 
Nic. Fleissner, 
Matheus Kremser, 
Job. G. Masner, 
Fr. Tollner, 
Ludw. Dehne, 
Marc Ralfs, 
Christopb Bambey, 
Christoph Schmid; 
Peter Wenzel^ 
Dan. Kamm, 
George Caries, 
John Kalberlan, 
Herman Loescb, 
John Nagel^ 
Thomas Hofman, 
George Holder, 
Jacob Kapp, 
Abraham Straass, 
George Goepfert, 
Wm. Angel, 

Lndwig Chr. Backoff, 
Michel Sauteri 
Hans Petersen, 
Gottlieb Fockel, 
Jeremias Shaaf, 
John Lisher, 
Christian Pfeiffer, 
Jacob Lungj 
Fr. Pfeil, 

Ehrhard Heckedom, 
Samuel Wutke, 
Andreas Gros, 
Christian Merkly, 
Henr. Feldhausen, 
Erich Icrgebretsen, 
John Bero^h, 
Christian Triebel, 
Melchior Miinstery 
Melch. Rasp, 
Johannes Ranke, 
Andreas Bez, 
Jacob Steiner, 
Nic. Anspach, 
Michel Rancke, 
George Baumgarten, 
John Richter, 
George Renner, 
Gottfr. Aust, 
Adam Kramer, 
Christoph Kirschner, 
Stephan Meyer, 
Jac. Van der Merk, 
Joseph Miiller. 

V. Singh Women. 

Anna Rosina, 
Anna Ramsberg, 
Hannah Sperbacb, 
Rosina ScHulius^ 
Juliana Waekler, 
Gatharina Bender, 
Anna Antes, 
Christina Morhard, 
A. Mar. Kranse, 
Margaretha Wernhamer, 
A. Mar. Schmuter, 
Margaretha Seidner^ 

Catharina Shu^astin, 
Catharina Kochin, 

ThSfea, } ^'"'''"'«- 
Anna Burnet, 
Barbara Krausin, 
Henrietta Peterman, 
Martha Mans, 
Mariana Beyerle, 
Gertraud Peterson, 
Elisabeth Biirstler, 
Anna Vander Bilt, 


A. Mar. Beyer, Maria Loeab, 

Mar. Elis. Loesch, Regina Neumann, 

Ana Scbsefer, Elisabeth Burnet, 

Felicitas Schuster^ Maria Beroth, 

Magd. Mingo, Mar. Barb. Hsendel, 

OathariDa Heil, Rosina Schwarz, 

Catharina Hotter, Magdalena Rederberg, 

Mar. Barbara Eierleh, Agnes Meyer, 

Maria Zerb, Cathar. Klingenstein, 

Elisabeth Palmer, Christina Loesh, 

Maria Pfingstag, Anna. Bender, 

Elisabeth Cornwell, Sara Preis, 

Maria, 1 T-j[:j.-jg Cath. Elis. Ncumaan, 

Christina, J ' - Magd. Steiner, 

Mar. Elis. Minier, Cathar. Gerhard, 

Ana Mers, Johannetta Salterbach, 

Magdalena Schmidt, Magdalena Negro, 

Elisabeth Steiner, Ana Rebecca Langly, 

Salome Burstler, Salome Dock, 

Catharina Biez, Cornelia, 

A. Mar. Scheme], Ann^i Wright. 

Johanna Burnet, 


1. Bethlehem makes out a certain Religious Society intended 
for the Furtherance of the Gospel, as well among the Heathen as 

2. Fourty-eight of the above mentioned Brethren ft Sisters 
are actually employed for that End among the Heathen, not only 
on the Continent of America, as Pensilvania, New England, Bar- 
bioe, Suriname, ftc, but also in Several Islands, as Thomas's, Crux, 
John's, Jamaica, fto. 

3. Besides them mentioned just now, there are Fifty-four of them 
employed in the Pensilvania, New York, New England, Jersey ft 
Carolina Gt>vernment8 in preaching of the Gospel, keeping of 
Schools, ft the like. 

4. Sixty-two of them are meerly employed in the Education of 
our Children at Bethlehem & Nazareth as Attendants and Tutors. 

5. Fourty-five Single men ft 8 Couples of married people, are 
gone to Carolina to make a new Settlement there, and fifty more, 
who have come for that End from Europe, will go there Soon. 

6. There are Seventy-two of the above mentioned Brethren in 
Holy Orders, viz : Four Bishops, twelve Ordinaries, (Priests,) and 
the rest Deacons; And as many Acolnthi, who are preparing for the 
Ministry in the Congregation, and now ft then are made use of like 

7. About 90 of the Children at Bethlehem ft Nazareth have 
their Parents abroad^ mostly on the Gospel's Account. 


8. 425 of those in the foregoing List are under Age. 

9. Not all who are named in this Catalogue H^ in Bethlehem 
Township, bat Some in Sackooa, Some in Liehj^ & Some in another 
Township joining Bethlehem Township. 

10. There are 82 Indians besides those young Indian Women 
who live with our young WomeUi and besides the Savages who are 
going and coming and Staying longer or Shorter with us. 


Bethlehem, Nov'. 29, 1756. 

May it Please Year Honoar, 

Acoording to your Commands, I herewith Inclose a List of the 
United Brethren & Sisters & Children, &o., &c., Now residing in 
Bethlehem, Nazareth, &c., &e., with proper Notes to Explain the 
Same, which I hope will be agreeable.* 

I beg leave to mention to your Honour, that a few Days Since as 
one of our Indians was in the Woods a Small distance from Beth- 
lehem, with his gun, hopeing to meet with a Deer, on his retarn 
borne he met with two men, who (as he Informs) he Saluted by 
takeing off his Hat ; he had not gone far before he heard a gun 
fired, and the Bullet whistled near by him, which terefied him very 
mtich, and mning ihro* the thick Bushes his gnn lock Catched fast, 
and went off, he dropt it, his Hat, Blanket, &c., and came home 
much frighted. The Indians came to me complaining of this Treat- 
ment. Saying they fled from amongst the Murtherlng Indians, and 
oome here to Bethlehem, and Adresst his Honour the Late Ooveraor, 
and put themselves under His protection, which the Governor An- 
swered to their Satisfaction, Desireing them to sit Still amongst the 
Brethren, which they said they had done, and given offence to none. 
I told them I would do all in my Power to prevent such Treatment 
for the future, and that I would write to the Governor and Inform 
him of it, and that they might be Assured the Governor would use 
proper measures to prevent any mischief hapening. I thought at 
first to write a few Advertisements to warn wicked People for the 
future how they Behave to the Indians, for if one or more of them 

* The remarks are recorded in Colon. Records, Bee. 8, Tol. 711., p. 858, 
but the names and letter are not, it is thougl^t best to keep them togetker. 
Thia was prepared at Gov. Denny's request. 

f See Ante, pp. 70, 75* 

FrarNfimiYANIA AKOHIVES 1758. 77 

sboidd be kill'd iq snob a maQner^ I feer it would be of very bad 
cmsequence j but I bave since considered it is bj no means proper 
for me to advertise, for as tbe Late Governor's proclamation is 
Expired, tbe first Proclamation of War against tbe Indians I coQ* 
oeive is still in force. I tbougbt it my Duty to Inform your Honor 
of this Affair, and Doubt not you will take tbe matter into your 
vise Consideration. « 

I am witb all Due Eespect, 

Your Honour's most Obed', 
Humble Servant, 

To tbe Hon**' W». Denny, Esquire. 

Timothy Horspield to Gov, Denny, 1756, 

Betblebem, Nov'. 80th, 1756. 

John Holder eame here this Evening from Allemangle, and 
laformed me that last Sunday Evening, ye 28tb Inst, three Indians 
Came to the House of a Certain Man Named Schlooler, and Nodtt 
at tbe Door, tbe People withii^ called Who is there ? Answer was 
made, A good Friend; they Within not Opening' tbe Door, they 
NoclU Again, they Within Answered Who is there ? No Answer 
being made from Without, Then one of the Men Named Stonebrook, 
Lookt Out of the Windo, When an Indian Discharged a gun and 
Kill'd bim oh tbe l^t. They then Open'd the Door, tbe Woman 
& 2 Children Endavering to Escape, and the Indians pursued & 
took Both the Children ; One of tbe Men Fired at tbe Indians, and 
Saw One of them fall, when one of the Gairls he had posession of, 
Made her Esoape from him^ but the other they took away ; the 
Indian yt was fired at which fell Cryed Out Very Muoh, but in a 
Short time be got up & made off. 

Tbe above said Holder Informs me he had this Aeco* from good 
Authority, said Soblosser's House is situated in Allemangle. 



Col. John Armstrong to Gov. Denny, 1756. 

Carlisle, 80** Noyem., 1766. 
Dear Sir : 

Your favour "^ Philip Davi? is just come to hand, Fm sorry thaty* 
perfidy of the Heathen, at Easton, has furnish'd the Proprietary 
Enemies with such a popular apology for the late Murders, which, 
in truth, are rather owing to y« notorious defects of the minor Branch 
of the legislature. 

Pm sensible of the loss of the Soldiers near McDowels was ow- 
ing to y« defects of Potters Company, and Joseph Armstrong's be- 
ing with 20 of his men then at his own House, but not y' murders 
then done in y neighbourhood, for these might have happen'd had 
y» Fort been ever so well Garrison'd. 

You may remember. Sir, your letter to me in favour of Joseph 
Armstrong, and I believe M'. Hamilton promised him also that some 
men shou'd for a time be stationed at his House, in Consequence 
whereof the 20 men were ordered there untill the New Fort was laid 
out. I shall write his Honr. a few lines as prudently as I can on 
y^ subject, not throwing too much of the weight on you. 

Having extracted what was necessary from Che Bond, 'tis here 
inelos'd. I shall consult Forster in regard of Cook, and write Ro- 
ger Walton what his fate must shortly be if he don't make up the 

The bearer, Ja*. Elliot, is a safe hand, and the news thai may he 
communicated relative to y' Assembly, or y* coming of Lord lioa- 
don^ will be accepted very thankfully ^ dear sir, 

y affectionate Hnmb' Serv^ 


P. S. — ^I write y Gover. some news w** you'l doubtless see. I 
hear Gov' Morris is in Town, to whome I beg you'l make my respect- 
ful Compliments. 


To Richard Peters, Esq'., Secretary of the Province of Pennsyl- 
vania, Philadelphia. ^ 

^ favour of M'. Ja». Elliot. ^ 


Col. John Armstkonq to Gov. Denny, 1766. 

Carlisle, 80«» Noveml)', 175C. 
Jfaj it Pleaae y* Hon'. 

On mj return from Philadelphia the men were call'd in from the 
Sundry places, whereat they, in small parties, had been stationed — 
at present there is detachM from each of the other Garrisons twenty 
men k a Commissioned officer, to the assistance of the Cap*". Potter 
k Armstrong, in Bailding the New Fort. I have not yet hired any 
person to that Service (except the Hauling of Loggs, &o.) but one 
man to do y" duty of Stuart, wifo is also obliged, in the intervals, to 
perform someCarpenter work. We are in great need of Arms and Blan- 
kets, the Commissioners having sent nothing yet that was raention'd 
in f memorandums. The Commissions also, if y' Hon^ Pleases, are 
mach wanted. 

I have wrote M". Chambers concerning the Guns at His Fort, ac- 
cording to Order, but he thinks, by going to Philad*, he may -pre- 
vail with y Hon' to let them stay where they are, & is to set out for 
that purpose in a few days. 

We hear that two men and one woman (tho Wife or Miss of Jo" 
Frazer,) has made their Escape to Fort Cumberland from Fort Du- 
qnesne, who say the French are but about 200 at that place, that 
tbej are' assisting the Indians to Build a Fort a little way down the 
River from the Fort, that y Indians are now employed in Hunting; 
'tis said th^t two men from Virginia, in Company with Eleven Cat- 
tabas, are now out in order to espy fort Duquesne. 

I con'd send an Ensign who is a trusty hand, and knows the way 
to Fort Cumberland, for intelligence, if y' Hon' requires it. 
I am Your Honours most Obedient 

Humb* Servt. 


Governor Denny. 

A Return of the Provisions and Ammunition now in 
Store hers, 1756. 

Fort Augusta, December the 3, 1756. 
Provisions. Amunition. 

57615 pounds of Beef, 1200 pounds of Powder, 

6 barrels of Pork, 3000 D«. of Lead, bullets & Shot. 

2 Ditto of Beef, 108 Cannon balls, 

2 Ditto of Peas, 1301 Grape Shot, 

11376 pounds of^Flour, 46 Hand Granades, not fild nor 

2000 Flints. 
By Letters from Commissary Bard, the 21 of December, there was 
Six weeks Provision of Flour at Fort Augusta. 
Indorsed 21 Decern'. 


Eey. Henet Muhlenbebq to Rev. Rich'b Peters, 1756. 

Beverend Sir, 

Having the Honour to be in Your Company, together with M"". 
Acrelius, etc., on the Evening of October 3 !■*, a. o.^ and heariDff 
you argue about Substantial Points of real Religion, I perceived 
something (quoique Sans Comparaison) that made me think like the 

<' Howbeit I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes 
had seen it : and, behold, the half was not told me : thy wisdom and 
prosperity exceedeth the fame which I heard/' 

And finding you, Reverend Sir, a downright Patriot of the Ch — cb, 
a Fervent Well wisher to Zion, and affected Mourner of its Breaches 
and agonizing Condition, I cannot Comprehend how your Conscience 
can acquiesce any longer in a Foreign Station, tho' of very high 
Imp'ortance, yet as it seems inconvenient for properly laying out the 
peculiar and egregious Talents, intrusted to You by the Eternal 
Sovereign for Trading, Gain and Usury, and so highly necessary for 
the Church of Christ, which in the approaching evil days, has and 
shall have to wrestle, not only against Flesh and Blood, bat even 
against Principalities, Powers and Rulers of the Darkness .and Spi- 
ritual Wickedness in high places, etc. 

Please to impute. Reverend Sir, this my humble Sentiment not 
unto Presumption, but rather to Simplicity of Heart and pardon my 
Boldpess ! What and where shall be the Reward for the innumer- 
able Labour? you have done night and day, and the heavy Burdens 
you have borne so many Years hence in Your important Station ? 
A pacified God in Christ, abounding in Mercy and Goodness, will 
surely reward even a Cup of cold Water, but the World, yea, even 
the politest part of it, is neither able nor willing to reward any Ser- 
vice, no she finds rather faults with the most honest and sincere 
Labours and Intentions, and gives at last Stercus pro Solatio. 
There was found in a City a poor wise Man, and He by his Wisdom 
delivered the City ; yet no Man remembered that same poor Man. 
Then said I, Wisdom is better than Strength : Nevertheless the 
poor Man's Wisdom is despised, and his Words are not heard. Give 
me Leave, Reverend Sir, You know the in-and outward Situation 
and Condition of State and Church in America exactly, yea better 
than any Person of what Rank or Ordres soever. You have can- 
didly employed and spent the Flower of your Yitals for rendring 

the State of P a flourishing anc^ happy as Inuch as possible, 

and don't you think it your incumbent dutv now, to Sacrifice and 
dedicate your Catholick Spirit, together with all the Faculties and 
intrusted uncommon Talents and Gifts, which have been, as it were, 
dormant to act the more vigorous in the Eleventh Hour, for the 

* Tbo quotation is in Ilebrew characters, we have substituted the English 
text referred to. 


only \]» and Benefit of God's Vinyard or GhriBl's Cbnroli, in the 
present critical and dangerous Situation ? I cannot but think, ac- 
cording to my humble Opinion, that you are the best and fittest In- 
Btrament to bring, by the concurring Grace and Assistance of God| 
real Beli^on into a better Sway and a happy Union among Parties 
and divers Nations to pass, for the Glory of Christ, the Encrease of 
bis Church and the Salvation of many thousand Souls in the Ame- 
rican Empire or^ Wilderness I As poor and unworthy I am, I might 
perhaps lend a Hand in some Measure to your Directions, concerning 
my poor Nation, whitsh is scattered throughout America, like Sheep 
without true Shepherds; and if there is not done any thing in due 
Time by true Patriots, who have the real Wellfaro of Church and 
State at Heart, and enjoy Ability to pursue proper Means, Atheism, 
Naturalism, Enthusiasm, Superstition, Divisions, Disloyalty and Con- 
fosion, may surely prevail and become past mending. Sapienti Sat. 
Every party enoreases, but the Ch — oh is left in too many places des- 
titute, not for want of a happy Constitution, privileges and Means 

of Grace, but pray ye therefore the Lord of the Harvest, that 

He will Send forth Labourers into his Harvest ! Matth. 9, 36, 37, 38. 

I am sure, Reverend Sir, it is Your hearty Desire that the most 
adorable name of Jehova in Christ mfght be hallowed. His Kingdom 
promoted, and his most gracious Will be done on Earth in general, 
and especially in our American part as it is in Heaven I And since 
yon are egregiously intrusted with Talents concerning these Objects 
of the highest and everlasting Importance, walk therefore while 
yon have the Light ! for in the Death there is no Remembrance-* 
who shall give thanks in the Grave f Pardon my Boldness, and 
give me Leave to remain, 
Reverend Sir, 

your most obedient Servant, 


Providence, Dec. 6, 1756. 

Wm« Pabsons to Bich'd Pstbbs, 1756. 


In obedience to his Honour's Commands, I do hereby humbly certi- 
fy that I have supplied Fort Allen, Fort Norrls, Fort Hamilton, and 
the Fort at Hyndsaaws, with Powder and Lead out of the Magazine 
at Easton, at follows, viz^ 

August 24'^ Fort at Hyndshaws, 15}ft powder, 90Ib Lead, 25 Flints. 

OctoVrll**. Fort Hamilton, 50 100 .,.—.. ,. 

17^*. Fort Norris, 20 23 ...—.. . 

21»*. Fort Allen. 49 103 . . . 50 . . . 

26*. Fort Norris, 25 11 ...—.. . 



Since which a farther Supply of Powder & Lead has been sent to 
Hyndshaw's Fort, but I have not the Receipt in Town, and therefore 
cant certify the Quantity supplied; but believe all these Forts bx^ 
pretty well supplied at present. 

There is now in Store, at Easton, about one Barrel of Powder 
and a proportionable Quantity of Lead ; And I am opinion, that it 
will be necessary to furnish at least two Barrels of Powder, & a 
proportionable quantity of Lead, for a Magazine at Easton, during 
the Winter Season. 

And as I imagine the Country People are not idl 'of them suffi- 
ciently provided with Powder and Lead, I think it would not. be amiss 
to add to the above Magazine, a quantity to be divided amongst 
them, in case the Enemy should appear again on our Frontiers this 
Winter. Flints are also much wanted. 
I am. Sir, 

your obedient haptUe Servant, 

Philad*, December 6*S1756. 
To Richard Peters, Esquire. 

Surgeon J. Stevbnson to Ool. Bouquet 1766.* 

Deo. 13, 1756. 


The reason of my not paying my respects to you upon yonr arri- 
val he^e, was owing to my being informed by Gap*- TuUikins that 
you never have had the small pox, and as I imagined from my being 
BO often among the soldiers sick of that disease, that my coming 
near you might make you uneasy, I on purpose avoided you. 

1 am sorry to be obliged to inform you that the small poz^ is 
rather increasing among the soldiers & as their quarters are so dis- 
persed & the conveniences for their attendance so bad, unless a pro- 
per hospital is soon provided for them, I could almost venture to 
affirm that every house in this place will be an hospital in a fortnight. 
The safety of the town, the recovery of the sick soldiers & the prin* 
ciples of humanity, all show the necessity of an hospital being 
immediately provided, & I am sensible, Sir, from the difficulty you 
had in procuring Billets for the soldiers^ that the fault is not yoars, 
but owing to the people who haye the management of the town^ & I 
am; Sir; 

Your very humble servant, 


Philadelphia, Deo'- 13% 1T56. 

* Indorsed ** Inclosing a translation of Sower*s newspaper. Keferred to 
Janry 1, 1757.^' The paper is'not found, and there is minute recorded of 
that date. 

So indorsed. 


Col, Jno. ARMSTKONa to <3ov. Dbnistt, 1756. 

Carlisle, December 22-«| 1756. 
Honor'd Sir; 

Extract of a letter firom Gol^- Adam Stephen's^ dated at Fort 
Gamberland the 14th Ult. 

By a woman who once belonged to John Fraaer, and has now, after 
beiDg prisoner with Shingas, &c., thirteen Months, made her Escape 
from Moskingnm. We learn that Shingas and some Delawares liye 
Dear the head of that River, within three days march of Lake Erie, 
where there is a Town of Wiandots : — ^And about five days travel 
from the Lower Shanoe town ; on a Branch of Sioto. 

I doDt learn that there is a Fort in it. 

The Shanoes are gathered all together there, and are forced to 
borrow a Captain of their Coosins the Delawares, having had ail their 
Captains and sixteen Warriors killed on our Frontiers last Spring, 
and Summer, except one who was sentenciDg one of our soldiers to 
be bomt, whom they had taken Prisoner on our Frontiers. The 
soldier took the advantage of them, and sitting .close behind three 
Indians & the Captain, set fire to a bag of powder close \>j, & blue 
himself and the four Indians to Pieces. 

Two Indians arc Returned from the Command, who lefl them 
within thirty-five Miles of Fort Du Quesne. A son of Captain Jacobs 
is kiird, and a Cousin of his about seven foot high calFd young Jacob, 
at the Destroying of the Kittanning, and it's thought a noted War- 
rior known by the name of the Sunfish, as many of them were kill'd 
that we know nothing of. 

I shall be glad to hear from you frequently and am with Respect, 

Your most Ob* humble Serv'- 


Col*- John Armstrong. 

P. S. The Principal Captain of the Delawares is Peter a son of 
the Beaver. 

The head Captain of the Shanoes is call'd the Pipe, a Delaware, a 
relation of a fellow's, named the Pride, who was hailed some time 
ago in one of the Colonies, Delaware Jamy, Honest £aacs' Brother, 
is a better fellow. Si lives at the Kiskuskis. So far by Col*- Stephen. 

The Publick Stores are safely removed from MoDowels Mill to 
Fort Loudon, the barracks for the soldiers are built, and some profi- 
ciency made in the Stockado, the finishing of which will doubtless 


be Retarded by tbe inclemency of the weather, ihe Snow with as 
being upward of a foot deep. 

In answer to your Honoris last letter I forgot to mention that no 
Colours had yet been sent to this Battallion. 

lam of opinion that Patroling should not be Performed with less 
than 50 Men and Two Commissioned Officers at least, but should be 

flad to be favoured with your Honor's Orders Respecting that part of 
)uty, and am in the meantime, 

Y' Honor's Most Obedient, 

Humble Serv*, 

Qovernor Denny. 

Wm. Parsons, to Rich, Pbters, 1756. 

Dec. 23, 1756. 

In obedience to your Order I haye surveyed a Part of the Propri- 
etary's Trbct adjoining the Brethercn's Land at Friedenstahl Mill, 
including tbe Dam. Considering how much of the swamp and water 
it will require to accommodate the Mill Dam, I have not made out 
the Return, but wait your further Orders. If the Bretheren are pro- 
perly accommodated I think the Hon'ble Proprietary Tract will be 
incommoded, as the most part of the Water & Swamp, which is pretty 
rough and and broken, will be taken from it. Therefore I beg leave to 
offer it as my opinion, that it would be better to let the Brethren have 
the whole Tract, than to cut off the Part which will suit their Mill 
Dam, from the rest. 

As the Tract is .in itself not very valuable I should humbly pro- 
pose tbe Bretbren's being admitted to purchase of the Hon'ble Pro- 
prietaries, and I really think it will not suit any other Person so well 
as them. I am. 

Your very humble Servant, 


Easton, Decem' 23*, 1756 


To Richard Peters, Esquire, in Philadelphia, ^ favour of Mr. 

♦ A portion of the foregoing is printed on Colon. Records, Vol. VII. p. 881 . 




Philadelphia, Dec ye 24* 1766. 


Bad Wanting 


W-BeD . 


Leonard Melchior, 



Jn* Hamilton, 


Hen^ Bosler, 



Jn» Cross, . 


Nichl. Rhyne, 



James Bell, 


Mathias Qanset, . 



Mary Wood, 


Jn« Biddle, . 



Wm. Pycwell, 


Wm. Nicholson, , 



Josbna Pearson, ' 


Robert Mathis, . 



Pet? Robinson, 



Rich* Morris, 



Charles Larder, 



Wm. Bradford, , 



Thomas Tjemmon, 



Mclntire, . 



James Glackston, 


Wm. Whitebread, 



Mary O'Hara, 


Erasmns Stevans, 



Rob* May, . 


Wm. Forest, 



Daniel Mackenel^ 


Martin Ashbum, 

. 1 


Jn- Gaw, . 


Jacob Hoodt, 



Widdow Gray, 


Geo. Honey, 



Dan* Sloumatfi, 



Jn« Lukens, 



Mich» Edge 



Northern Liberties. 


Conrade Kimbly, 



• 2 ) 



1 . 

Thomas FosU 




1 J 



Moimensing uncertain. 

36 47 


Acting as Q*'* Mas^ to the first Batt"- of the Koyal American 

Dbmakd of Col. Bouquet ok Mayoa of PhHiA., 1756. 

Memorandnm 24th December, 1756. 
Coll. BoTDiqnet waited on the Goyemor in the Presence of the 
Mayor, and made the following demand, viz : That all the Deficien- 
cies which appear in the Mayor's Retam of this Day be supplied, 
and other g(KMl Qaarters provided for the ftmainder of the Eleven 

* See Colon. Rec, Vol. VII., p. 376. 


«6 I^ESltetLVAllIAL ARCfllVES 17B«. 

Hnndred Men and Fifty One Officers, on or before the First Day of ' 
January next. 

A true Copy, 



By his Hononr's Command delivered to the Mayor, 24th Dec''.'*' 

Mbm. of Oonrad Weisbr rbspecting Indians, 1756. 

Pro Memoria, to meselye. 

I can never agree that the Indian came to complain about their 
lands or some of it being fraudulently got from them, but they were 
pi^essed for reasons why they struck us, and gave that for one of their 
reasons, but I am satisfied, that it was put into their mouth some 
time before. Witness Sauer's news after the Treaty in July, in Easton, 
upon that head we want no treaty, without they, the Indians require 
it. We want no mediator between the proprietors & the Indians 
about land affair between us & the Delawares, before the proprietors 
pleasur is known and the Six nations Consulted. -^ , 

I should be glad if the Indians on Ohio could be spoke to, let ^ 
them be brought (by means of Sir William Johnson) to usy^or to the 
Mohocks Country, or join our invitation with hisen if he pleases. 

Conrad Weiser to R. Peters 1756. 

Dec. 31, 1756. 
Sir: • 

I cant own that I Borrowed the Horse of Bigs, but I think I was 
present when Mr. Rich' Peters did, and that John Pompshare had 
the Horse from Philadelphia to Easton, and 'from thence to fort 
Allen, where he got Deedious Kon to speake to me to let him have 
horse, I told him that the Horse was none of mine, I could not give 
him to any Body. What is a Horse, says Deedious to the Oovernor 
of Pensilvania, let me have him, and tell my Brother the Oovernor 
that you gave him to me. I told Deedious Kon that I would write in 
favour of Pompshare in order to get the Horse from the Governor, but 
Deedious hade the impudence to ask a Bill of Sell of me for the Horse, 
which I put off from Hour to Hour, till I was just going, and I was no 
ways inclined to give faftai any writing, but he Deediouse Kon called 
Witnesses that I had promised Pompshare the Horse If found again 

I- See Col. Rec. Vol. VII , p. 346-888. 


(the Hone beiDg then lost), and so I. parted with them. If jonrself 
or any of the Gentlemen Comissioners had been there, you could not 
have refused the Giying of the Horse up to Deedious Kon, he was 
80 mach eonoemed for Pompshare, whom he called his faithful ser- 
Tint, that he would have bought the Horse for him if I would have 
taken goods in coanderation for it^ this is «11 what I can saj of this 

The Indian "JToman Maryred, that came down with New Castel, 
wants to be sent back to the Mohocks Country, I Belief with Jigerea 
she is a bold Beggar, I cant give her any thing more, having from 
time to time given her and Jagerea some smal matter, she came so 
low down that she now begs a pair of worsted stockings for which I 
reoomend her to you, who am Sir yours. 


I am to get my money this day by 10 of the Clocke of Mr. Q^ 

Philad«^ Dec 31, 1756. 

Richard Peters, Esquire, 

Bbturr of tbb Militia ik the Govbrnment of the three 
Lower Counties, 1756. 

Gk>Temment of Newcastle, Kent & Sussex upon Delaware. 
In the County of New Castle are two regiments called the Upper 

and Lower. 

The Upper Regiment consists of Ele^en^'Companies, Ii\ Each) One 
Captain, One Lieutenant, One Ensign, Two Serjeants, & upon a^ 
Average Sixty Men, some Companies having more & Others less. 

The Lower Regiment Consists of Nine Companies, In Each One 
Captain, One Lieutenant, One Ensign, two Serjeants, & upon an 
Average fifty Men, in some Companies & in Others less. 

The Regiment of Kent County Consisting of Twelve CompanieP| 
In Each One Captain, One Lieutenant, One, Ensign, Two Serjeants 
& upon an Average fifty Men, some Companies having more & others 

The Regiment of Sussex County consisting of Eight Companies, 
In Each, One Captain, One Lieutenant, One Ensign^ two Seijoants, 
& upon an Average fifty private Men. 


















































h- 1 




















lO CD 

»o :: ;: lO 2 :: 2 
o- di^co<NOi 

C^ <M »0 CI i-i i-i 



Henry Oeiger, . . . 
Martin Everhart, . . 
Nicholas Cunrad, • . 
Jacob Keam, . . . 
Daniel Harvey, . . 
William Johnson, . . 
Jacob Sneider, . . . ' 


CO »o CO 


Sam'l. Weiser, Cap. Lie*, 
Jacob Wetterholt, . 
Anthony Miller, . . 
Andrew Engel, . • 
James Hyndshaw, . . 
Samuel Humphrys, . 
Philip Marsloff, . . 
Samuel Allen, . . . 
Philip Weiser, . . . 

'^ a 


lO 1-H rH O C< O »-l tHi-H 






Lieut. Col. Weiser, Cap* 
Major Wm. Parsons, « 
Frederick Smith, . . 
Jacob Morgan, . . . 
John Witterhold, . . 
Christian Bussee, • . 
Jsjoob Orndt, . . . 
John Vanetton, . . 
George Reynolds, . . 
James Patterson, . . 





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iNSTRUOTioKe PROM Gov. Dbnny, TO Lewis Morbis, Jr., 



Gen. Shirley upon my applioatioD, having been pleased to order 
the Company of Granadiers of the fiftieth regiment & a detachment 
of the Independent Company, to march immediately to Philad%'I 
must desire you will Provide one or more Vessels to transport them 
to Amboy in the Province of New Jersey, and put on board those 
vesselis three days Provisions for the Men that shall bo embarked 
from hence. 

You will apply to Captain Boger Morris, Aid de Camp to Gen. 
Shirley, who will inform you of the number of Men destined for this 
service, and of the time they will move from hence, and you will 
govern yourself accordingly in Providing the necessary vcssells and 
Provisions, and you will follow his directions as to all matters rela- 
ting to this service. 

When yon are informed of the officers that are to Command those 
respective oorps^ you will let them know that you are to Provide 
Vessells & Provbions for the troops, and Jbu will not only lay in 
Proper stores for the officers, in their Passage to Amboy, but you 
will consult.with them upon every thing relating to the imbarkation 
of the troops. 

You will write to John Johnston Esq'* at Amboy, and inform him 
of the imbarkation, that he may be prepared to make proper Provision 
for them there, and for their March from thence, for which I shall 
give him full instructions. 

You are to Inform me from time to time of what you do in com- 
plyance with these instructions, and particularly of the numbers of 
Men ordered and of the time they sail from hence. And you will 
keep an exact account of the ezpences attending this service for which 
you are to charge the Province of Pensilvania, and draw upon me for 
the money which shall be punctually paid by sir 

Indorsed. — ^To ba entered in the Orderly Book. 

* No date but found among the papers of this year. 


Oedsb ov Coum op St. Jambs respecting Privateers, 


At the Court at St James's^ the 11 day of Jannarj; 1757. 

Present : 
The EaDg's inoBt Excellent Majesty in Council. 

His Majesty having been this day pleased to approve of an Ad- 
ditional Instraction to enjoin the Commanders of all Ships and Ves- 
sels that have, or may have Letters of Marque, or Commissiona 
for Private Men of War, to abstain from any Act of Hostility 
against the Ships and Subjects of the French King within the Oulph 
of Naples during the present War, Provided that all Privateers and 
other French Ships, do, on their part, strictly observe the Orders 
that have been given them to the same Effect. It is thereupon 
Ordered by His Majesty in Council, that a Copy of the said Addi- 
tional Instruction, (which is hereunto annexed) Be transmitted to 
the Governors or Commanders-in-Chief of all His Majesty's Colonys 
and Plantations in America, and also to the Governor or Commander 
in-Chief of His Majesty's Town and Garrison of Gibraltar, that 
His Majesty's I^easure in this behalf may be made known to the 
Commanders of all such Ships and Vessels as have, or may have 
Letters of Marque or Commissions for Private Men of War against 


Oeorqe R. ' 

An Additional Instruction to all Privateers and other Ships which 
may have Letters of Marque against the French King, his Vas- 
sals or Saijects, or others inhabiting within any of his Countries, 
Territories or Dominions. Given at Our Court at 9^, James's the 
Eleventh day of January, in the Year of Our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and fifty-seven^ and in the thirtieth Year of Our 

Whereas, Our good Brother the King of the two Sicilies, has 
represented to Us, that many inconvenienciee may arise from Hos- 
tilities being committed in the Gulph of Naples^ by Privateers be- 
longing to either of the powers at War ; And that the Intercourse 
and the supply of the City of Naples (the Capitid of his Dominions 
and the place of his Royal Residence) may be greatly interrupted 
thereby. His Sicilian Majesty having also communicated to Us, a 
Copy of the Orders which the Court of France have given to the 
Commanders of their Privateers^ and other Ships relative to this 


Affair. We being desiroas to give all Marks in' Onr power of 
Friendship and ^gard for the Court of Naples; Do hereby strictly 
-enjoin the Commanders of all Ships and Vessels, that have, or may 
have Letters of Marque, or Commissions for Private Men of War, 
to abstain from any Act of Hostility against the Ships and Sobjects 
of the French King, within the Gulph of Naples, during the pres- 
ent War, Provided that all Privateers, and other French Ships, do, 
on their Part, strictly observe the Orders that have been given them 
to the same Effect 

By His Majesty's Command, 


Indorsed.--^* Received by Post, 22« 7ber, 1767." 

Wm. Grippitts to R. Peters, 1757. 

January 22*, 1767. 

Richard Peters : 

Esteemed Friend — 

I just now recM a few Lines from thee, with a note Inclosed for 
the Commissioners Upon the Subject of Piere Landry's petition for 
wood. He was with me this morning requesting a supply of Wood, 
as many others do daily, whose want of that, and other necessaries, 
are equal to Piere Landry's. I beg thou wilt bcPleased to acquaint the 
Governor that there are at present a great Number of the French 
families suffering for want of many of the Common necessaries of 
Life,, especially at this time when many of them hate the Small 
Pox, added to the severity of the*Season. The Overseers of the 
Poor in the several Townships frequently neglect them, for this Rea- 
son, that they cannot obtain their money without extream Difficulty, 
k the trouble & ezpence of repeated Journeys to Town, & unless a 
Remedy can be applied to get payment for what they Disburst 
Monthly I fear (nay, I am certain; the Design of the present Law 
lately past will be Evaded, because their is no Penalty inflicted for 
the non-observance of it, the Consequence of which will be that 
many of them will Perish in a manner that will reflect Disgrace upon 
any Christian Government. I apprehend it is intirely out of my 
Power since the passing of the act to supply these people in the man- 
-ner I have done, unless I do it at my own Expence & Risque. 
There is at Present a very large sum due on acco' of the French 
Neutrals, which I stand engaged for at the Governor's request. I 
should have done myself the honour of waiting on the Governor 


many times upon the Subjeet of thJB Letter, bat his appIiofttiA and 
ittention to other things of moment made me fearful! I should 
iDtmde upoD his time. Upon the whole I am Certain there will be 
CoDBlant Occasion for Petitions from these People if the oare of them 
ifl left to the Ov^eers, & tho' I have had an Infinite deal of Trouble 
with them for Twelve Months past, yet any future time that I oaa 
spare to serve them shall never be wanting in 

Thy Obliged & Assured Friend, 


To Richard Peters, Esq'. 

The Commissioners, to the Gov. 1757, 

Philada. Jan^25*'»1757. 


The ammunition and other Things applied for by Captain Calender, 
iDcl allowed by the Commissioners, are sent up some time since, ez- 
oept three Drums which were not then to be had, but will be sent ^ 
the first Opportunity. With this your Honour will receive an Account 
of the quantity of Ammunition sent, and thereby can judge whether 
more will be necessary, and how much, on Account of the Detach- 
meots sent to reinforce Colonel Armstrong. 

On Perusal of the Return of the Persons appointed to inspect the 
Beef, we are of opinion that, if your Honour thinks fit, strict and 
positive Orders be sent to the Ofiicers to keep the Men to the Pro- 
Tindal Allowance : at the same Time acquainting them, that if they 
allow more it shall be stopt out of the Officers Pay. It is very pes- 
able that the Beef may be not equal as they say to '< some such '' 
as Philadelphia Market affords ; but of that prime Beef the Quantity 
in this Province is small, and too dear even for middling People to 
purefaase, only the richer sort are able to buy it, and the whole 
Qaantity of that Band rais'd in the Province would in our opinion 
be insufficient to feed half Col. Armstrong's Battallion, and therefore 
we think they ought not to expect it. What is now prepared for 
them is equal to apy they us'd to ^ave, and they never before com- 
plained of the Quality of it. 

As to the Drying of Beef and Pork, the Design must be to make 
the same Quantity of Nourishhaent lighter of Carriage for Marching 
or Ranging Parties. We therefore approve of it, and request yoMc 

* See Col. Reo. Vol. VII., p. 398. 


Honour would be pleased to giye Directions to Col. Armstrong to 
cause a Quantity to be weigh'd out of the Casks, an Account 'taken 
of such Weight, the whole to be dry'd, and again weigh'd when tho- 
roughly dry ', and then distributed occassionally in Weights propor- 
tion'd to the Loss by Drying, for example, if one Foirth of the whole 
Weight be lost, then three Quarters of a Pound is to be given out 
instead of a Pound, and s'o in whatever other Proportion the Loss of 
Weight may be. For what is lost is only in the Watery part, the 
Nourishing Part all remaining after the Drying. 

We send your Honour an Account of the Blankets that have been 
delivered to that Battalion, by which it will appear they have been 
more than fully supplied. When they returned from Kittanning, the 
Demand was for 300 supposed to be lost; they were immediately 
sent. Then 60 more were demanded. Those also were sent. Now 
40 more are required, these are not sent. Because we find by our 
Accounts they cannot be wanted, unless the Men have been suffered 
to sell them : In which case we think the Officers should see jhem 
supplied at their or the mens' Expence. 

We are preparing an Account of the Provissions that Battalion 
has consumed, by which your Honour will perceive that w6 have 
some Reason to be disatisfled with the Conduct of the Officers in that 
Respect. We know not what Col. Armstrong means by the sundry 
Instances of our taking Umbrage at his Conduct, and shall enter into 
no Disputes with him, Laving on many Accounts a Respect for him 
and his Officers. But this we must remark, that for the Defence of 
their County all the Men, Arms and Ammunition have been allowed 
that they could desire ; that the Officers were appointed as well as 
the Men taken into pay from among themselves ; that the Contractors 
were reputable Inhabitants of their own County, with whom we had 
no connection } that we have no interest directlynor indirectly in the 
Contract; that the Provisions being bought in their County the 
Money of course centered among them ; that we have endeavoured 
on all occasions to have that Batalion well supplied in the same Man- 
ner, and on the same Terms with the other Troops of the Province ; 
but so it happens tl^at tho' we have given satisfaction every where 
else, we are perpetually teiz'd with Complaints from that Quarteri 
and from thence only. No Officers of that Battalion that we know 
of are waiting in Town for the Settlement of their Accounts : The 
Accounts of the others we shall settle as fast as possible. 

We are^ with the utmost Respect your Honours 

Most obedient 

Humble Servants 
Wm. masters, JOHN MIFFLIN, 


To the Hon"* Wm. Denny Esqr. 


An Aooount of Blankets sent to the W. Side of Sasqa*- at diff 
Dee. 23; Greorge Crogban bad 16 Pieces vhich make 24Q Blankets, 


Jane 24, Col. Ann strong bad 3 Pieces which make 45 '^ 
July 10, Col. Armstrong had 3 Pieces which make 45 '^ 
Aug. 31, Col. Armstrong had 3 Pieces which make 45 " 
Sept. 28, Col. Armstrong had 15 Pieces (20 ina P'e) 300 " 
Beer. 8, Col. Armstrong had 4 Pieces (15 in a Fe) 60 " 
Besides which^ George Stevenson charges for Steel, 40 " ^ 

Total, ^ 775 
Dec. 16, Sent by Andrew Cox, one Box of Medicines, for the Use of 

Col. A's Battalion. 
Jan. 5, Sent by Rob* Amos, 850 Pounds of Lead, 400 Pounds Pow- 
der, 1000 Flints, 4 Water Engines, 17 Brass-kettes, 4 Hour 
Glasses, 6 Tin & 2 Horn Lan thorns, which were delivered 
to Col. Armstrong. % 

William Pitt to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Whitehall, 4th Feb., 1757. 

The King, having nothing more at heart than the Preservation of 
is good Subjects and Colonies of North America, ha.s come to a 
Resolution of acting with the greatest Vigour in those parts, the 
ensuing Campaign ; and all necessary Preparations are making, for 
sending a considerable Reinforcement of Troops, together with a 
strong Squadron of Ships for that Purpose; and in order to act 
offensively against the French in Canada. 

It is Hia Majesty's Pleasure, that you should forthwith call together 
your Council & Assembly, & press them in the strongest manner to 
raise, with the utmost Expedition, as large a Number of Provincial 
Forces, as may be, for the Service of the ensuing Campaign, over 
& above what they shall judge ncQessary for the immediate Defence 
of their own Province, and that the Troops, so raised, do act in such 
Parts, as the Earl of -Loudoun, or the Commander in Chief of His 
Majesty's Forces for the time being, shall judge most conducive to 
the Service in General : and the King doubts not, but that the 
several Provinces, truly sensible of His paternal Care in sending so 
large a Force for their Security, will exert their utmost Endeavours 
to second & strengthen such offensive Operations against the French, 
as the Earl of Loudoun, or the Commander in Chief for the time 


being, shall judge expedient; and will not ologg the Bnliatmeiitt of 
the Men, or the raising of the Money for their Pay, &c*., with snch 
Limitations, as have l>een hitherto found to render their Serrioa 
difficult t ineffectual ; and as a further Encouragement, I am to 
acquaint you, that the raising of the Men, their I^ay, Arms, and 
doathing will be all that will be required for this Campaign, on the 
Part of the several Provioces ; Measures having been already taken 
for laying up Magazines of Stores; and Provisions of all Kinds at 
the Ezpence of the Crown. 

I cannot too stronglv recommend it to you, to use all your Infla- 
^ce with your Council & Assembly, for the punctual .& immediate 
Execution of these His Majesty's Commands. 

I am likewise to acquaint you that the Earl of Loudoun is directed 
to send forthwith to Virginia a Battalion of regular Forces, to be 
employed, as the Exigency shall require, for the Succour & Defeuce 
of the said Province of Virginia^ South Carolina, or any other of the 
Southern Colonies. 

I am, Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble servant, 

W. PITT.* 
Gov. of Pennsylvania. 

WiLLUM Pitt to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Whitehall, 19th Feb., 1757. 

Ef^'ma in my Letter of the 4thf Inst, informed you, that it was 
the King s Intention to send a strong Squadron of Ships of War to 
North America, I am now to acquaint you, that His Majesty has 
been pleased to appoint Rear Admiral Holburne to command the 
said Squadron, & it is the King's Pleasure, that, in Case any Naval 
Assistance shall be wanted for the protection of your Government, 
you should apply for the same to the said Rear Admiral, or to the 
Commander in Chief, for the time being, of His Majesty's Ships in 
those Seas, who will send you such assistance, as he may be able to 
do, consistently with the Service, with which he is charged by His' 
Majesty's Instructions, and you will regularly communicate to the 
said Commander all such Intelligence, as shall come to your Know- 
ledge, concemiog the Arrival of any Ships of War, or Vessels having 

* See Colon Reo. Vol. VIT., p. 664. f See above. 


warlika Stores on Board, & likewise all sach Adyices, as may oon- 
ceni their motions & DeMination, or may, in any manner, relate to 
that part of his Majesty's Service, with which the Commanders of 
the King's Ships shoald be acquainted; and for the better Execu- 
tion of the Orders sent you in this Letter, you will be diligent in 
emplojing proper Persons & Vessels, not only to procure you the 
eaniest Intelligence, but likewise to be dispatched, from time to time, 
to the said Commander of his Majesty's Ships, with such accounts as 
yon shall have Occasion to communicate to him. 

It is also His Majesty's further Pleasure, that you should use all 
legal Methods, whenever the Commander in Chief of his Majesty's 
Ships shall apply to you, to raise such a Number of Seamen, from 
time to time, as ^hall be wanted to recruit the Ships in North 

I am, Sir, 

Tour most obedient 
humble Servant, 

W. PITT.* 
6oT^ of Pennsylvania. 

Sbcib'y Pownall to Gov, Denny, 1757. 

Whitehall, March 7, 1757. 


I am directed by the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Planta- 
tions to send you the inclosed Act, passed in the present Session of 
Parliament, intituled. 

An Act to prohibit for a limited time the Exportation of Com, 
Grain, Meal, Malt, Flour, Bread, Biscut, Starch, Beef, Pork, Bacon, 
and other Victual, (except ^ish & Boots and Rice, to be exported to 
any part of Europe southward of Cape Finislerre,) from His Majes- 
ty's Colonies and Plantations in America, unless to Great Britain or 
Ireland, or to some of the said Colonies and Plantations, and to 
permit the Importation of Corn and Flour into Great Britain and 
Ireland in neutral Ships; and to allow the Exportation of Wheat, 
Barley, Oats, Meal and Flour from Great Britain to the Isle of 
Man, for the use of the Inhabitants there. 
I am, Sir, 

Yeur most obed% 
humble Servant, 

William Denny, Esq'., Deputy Gov. of Pensylvania. 

* See Colon. Rec. Vol. VII. p. 564. 

t "Rficeiyed by Express from Got. De Lanoey, 8 July, 1767. Answered 
8 December, ." 

Vol. m.— 5 


Of the 15 of March, to the General Assembly of New Jersey. 

'^ Since onr last meeting, I receiyed a Letter from the Hono^^*' M**. 
*' Denny, Govemour of Pennsylvania, dated Decern'. 16, 1756,* 
*' with a Copy of a Treaty of Peace he has concluded with the 
<' Delaware and other Indians, the same I shall order to be delivered, 
'< wherein you will find mention made several Times of this Province, 
** which matter you will consider, and act therein as may be judged 
" for the Service of this Province." 

The Answer of the Assembly.* 

''The present Prospect of Indian Affairs in the neighbouring 
^* Government of Pennsylvania, cannot but afford a real Pleasure 
*' to every Person acquainted with the late Outrages ; we have never 
" since the Surrender of the Proprietary Governments been much 
<' concerned with Indian Affairs, nor do we know that they have any 
'^ Eeason to complain of this Province, nevertheless that- nothing 
'^ may be justly laid to our Charge respecting either the Promises 
'' given at the late Treaty, or such other Acts of Justice or Kind- 
'' ness as may be due to or necessary for them ; we have by the Bill 
'^ passt at this Session, taken such measures as appear to us the best 
'' calculated to be of real Advantage to them, and we hope the Expe- 
'^ dient will also prove useful to many of the other Inhabitants.''^ 

A Messaojb fbom the Governor to the Assembly, 1757, 


I yesterday received Intelligence from a Number of our Friendly 
Indians, lately arrived at Harris's Ferry, to treat with this Govern- 
ment, that Eight Hundred French and Indians are now on their 
March to attack Fort Augusta. I am likewise well informed, that 
the Garrison there, as well as the greatest Part of the Provincial 
Forces, having near Six Months Pay in Arrear to them, refuse to 
do further Duty, and are determined to leave the Service, unless 
speedy Provision is made for their Payment and future Support. 
The Consequence of this will be not only the Loss of that important 
Fortress, but the Province being without a Militia, will be left 
entirely naked and defenceless, and so become an easy Conquest to 
the Enemy. 

* Gov. Denny's letter of this date does not appear, but Got. Belcher's 
answer is printed in Colon. Reo., Vol. VII., p. 886. See also p. 467. 
t *< Laid before Council, March 15, 1767.*' No minute of that date. 


T am still of Opinion tkat the Bill, Entitnled ^*A SnpplemcDt to 
'< the Act, Entitnled an Aot for granting the Sum of Sixty Thou- 
^* sand Pounds to.the King's Use, and for Striking Fiftj-Five Thou- 
<< sand Pounds thereof in Bills of Credit, and to provide a Fund for 
^ sinking the same/' And for granting to His Majesty the addi- 
tional Sum of '' One Hundred Thousand Pounds/' is unequal and 
nnjast, and nothing bat the pressing Exigency shou'd induce me to 
give my Assent to it ; But as you are determined to adhere to it at 
all Events, and are pleased to tell me in your last Message that it 
must pass without Amendment or Alteration, or the Forces must he 
disbanded, I chuse rather to comply with your Terms, and pass it as 
it is, than involve the Province in the Kuin that must otherwise 
inevitably attend it. 


22 March, 1757. Intended Message from the Governor to ye 
Asfiembly, approved by yo Governor, but not sent by the Advice of 
Crovemor Dinwiddie, and instead thereof ye verbal Message of this 
Date was sent* 

Major Burd's Proposal for Protection, 1757. 

A Propositioa for the better securing the Province of Pennsylvania 
from the Inroads of the Indians, and finding them Employment 
at Home in their own Country, to prevent them from coming 
abroad to seek it. 

With some few reasons why our Present Situation can never be 
a Defenceable one, against such an Enemy; 

As the Province of Pennsylvania has at presentThirteen Hundred 
Soldiers in their Pay, viz : 

Coll. Clapham's Regiment of 400 

Lieu*. Coll. Armstrong's Battalion, 400 

Lieu«. Coll. Wyser's Battalion, 600 

1300 Men. 
Suppose the Western Battalion should Garrison Fort Littleton 
(only) and that, that Fort should have always Stores of all kinds 
sufficient^ or rather more than sufficient, for 400 men for six months, 
that the Western Battalion should have Three Field Officers, 100 
Men under the Command of one of The Field Officers should always 
be in the Fort, & the other 300 with two Field Officers should be 
Perpetually employed against the Enemy in their own Country, as 
the Coll. of said Battalion should Order. 

* Colon. Reo., Vol. VII., p. 468. 


It would be neoedsary that there should be a Constant k regular 
Oorrespondence between Col. Glapham, Lieu^ Coll. Airmstroug A 
Lieu^ CoL Wyser, and that they should Endeavoiir as far as in^ir 
Power for good Intelligence. 

Each of these Colonels should have it in their Power to Emploj 
from time to time, and as often as they thought Neeessary, Persons 
Properly Qualified to go into the Enemy's Country in quest of Intel* 
ligenoe, who should have Equivalent Rewards regularly paid them, in 
proportion to the service they do & the Bisques they run in obtain- 
ing their Intelligence (even tho' Soldiers in the Service) as such En- 
couragements will certainly Produce good Effects, which intelligence 
being Communicated from time to time, by each to the other, there 
would be a great probability of their Judgment being right at all 
Times, where to strick a blow to advantage. 

Col. Clapham's Regiment should Garrison Fort Augusta, and 
that 800 men of said Regiment should Remain in that Fort with odb 
Field Officer. I mention 300 men at this place because it is a large 
Fort, and a place of more Importance than Fort Littleton. 

That Coll. Clapham's Regiment should be Augmented by Draughta 
from the Eastern Battalion to 500 Men, an account of the 300 being 
left to Garrison Fort Augusta and should have 3 Field Officersi. 

That the remaining 200 of this Regiment & 2 of the Field Officers 
should be employ'd in the ^ame manner as the Western Battalion. 

At Fort Augusta there should always be Stores for six months at 
least for 500 men. 

A Strong Fort should be Built at Eastown, where Lieu*. Coll. 
Wyser's Battalion should be stationed with six months Stores in said 
Fort for 400 men; this Battalion should likewise have 8 Field 

100 men itnd one Field Officer should be always in the Fort at 
Eastown, and the remaining 300 men & 2 Field Officers of that 
Battalion should be employed as that of Colonel Clapham's & Lieu^ 
Col. Armstrong's. 

If these Troops was disposed of in this Manner the Two Battal- 
ions would be at the Extreamitys of the Present Inhabited Frontiers 
of this Province, and the Regiment in the Center, at 'pretty nigh 
Equal Distances from each other, and were they assiduous in the 
Noble Cause in which they are engaged, they might give seasonable 
Intplligence to each other, which might enable one, or other, of them 
to distress the Enemy, and as each of these Colonels is Supposed to 
have full power to strick the Enemy where they best can, each of 
the Lieu* Colonels would have 300 men and 2 Field Officers to Con- 
duct any Enterpriae they thought propper to undertake, and Coll. 
Glapham 200 men, and if at any time they Judged it most for the 
Benefit of the Service, they might unite two, or all their Bodies, in 
which Case they would have a little Army of 5 or 600 men and 
4 Field Officers, or 800 men and 6 Fiejd Officers, which would be 
sufficient to find the Indiana in Employment Enough, and perhaps 


nore tban enovgb, id their own Countiy ft Prevent tbem from tbe 
frtigoe of oiarcbiug into thig Province in quest of Eoglieh to fight 

I woald presame to offer a few Reasons why the same naaber of 
Troops (as they are at Present disposed of) Cannot be of the like 
lervice in DefendiDg'tbis Province. 

The Troops at present are Divided in small Bodies at a Consid* 
enble IHstanoe /rem ooe another, & seemingly Independent of eaeb 
other, they have no Intercourse or Connection one with the otheri 
M for giving Intelligence to each Other (which is a most material 
thing) it never has as yet, I believe, been once thongbt off; or at least 
I maj say with safety it has rarely been practised. 

The Th)q» being disposed of in Companies of 60 men, each 
Company to Ghirrison a Fort, which Forts if at any Time attacked 
their Garrisons are Barely sufficient to Defend them, for which rea- 
BOD they can be of no service to the Country around them, as they 
nanot come to the assistance of the people, their Qarrison being so 
noaU without exposing their Fort, and if they should attempt to 
make a sally, and not meet with success, the Consequence might be; 
the Fort falling a prey to the Enemy. 

But suppose all these Forts should oontiDue in possession of the 
English, it would be only Defending so much ground as each Fort 
stomi upon ; as there is none of them that Defend Rivers, Roads or 
Pisses, by which we could be greatly annoy'd by a Regular Army 
(Except Fort Augusta & Fort Littleton) as to Indians, every place 
is a Pass to them, and we cannot pretend to stop their marches by 
Goarding Passes. 

The advantage I would propose from the Fort at Eastown, it 
would Gtiard the River DeUware, preserve Eastown from beinff 
Bistro/d & serve for a place of Retreat to ye Eastern Battalion, & 
where they could at all Times be supply'd with every Necessary. 

As our Soldiers are not equal to Indians in the Woods, I think il 
would be a great assistant to them were they supplyed with a green 
Bhirt, a green Jacket, a green Blankett, and a green Cloth Capp ; as 
the Summer is the chief time of Action, at which season of the 
Year the woods being very thick of green leaves, the Indians can 
conceal themselves in time of action much better than we can, but 
oar being dressed intirely in green, would be of great Service to ns 
and would prevent in some measure our Partys from being Discover- 
ed upon a march, which would likewise be of Use. 

Was the Disposition & Closing, &o., of the Troops of this 
Province as before mention^, they would in some measure have the 
Ban^ advantage over the Iiklians, that they have had all along over 
ns ; they could go to places where they would be certain of finding 
ihem', and in their Turn lay the same snares to Trapan them, that 
thej now do for us in our Country. When the Indians come to attack 
as ia this Province it has been the^r (general Practice to proceed aa 
follows : 

They eorao within a little way of that part of the Inhabitants they 


Intend to striek^ and encamp in the most remote plaoe thej can find 
to be quite free from disooverj, the next Day they send one, or 
sometimes two (and so in proportion to their party) of the Nimblest 
Young fellows down into they Inhabitants to different places, to 
view the situation of the Houses, the number of people at Each 
House, the places the People most frequent, & to observe at each 
House where there is most men, or women. To* Accomplish this 
they will lay about a House some days & nights, watching like a 
wolf, and seldom return to the party without carrying very partica* 
lar Intelligence, then as soon as all the Spies return, its determined 
to march in the night in small parties of 2, 3, 4 or 5 in a party, 
each party having a House allotted to them to attack, ye strength of 
the party being calculated more than sufficient for the purpose 
Intended, they arrive at their differ^ destinations long before day, 
and knowing exactly the situation of the family and the Number 
they have to. engage, they make their attack about break of Day in 
the morning to the best Advantage, and seldom fail to kill, and 
make prisoners the whole Family, as the people know nothing of the 
matter untill they are thus labrynth'd, it's agreed that the monianl 
Each party has Executed their part, they retreat with their Prise nera 
and Scalps to the remote place of Rendevouz they left the night be- 
fore, by this means they are instantly assembled by different roads, 
marofaing in a Body from thence directly for Ohio all that day, and 
perhaps the next night before they Halt, if they are under any ap- 
prehensions of being discovered and persued. Perhaps at some of 
these Houses thus attackt, some of the people may be fortunate 
etiough to Escape, the Indians not discovering them by some accident 
or other, as soon as the Indians are gone they allarm the Forts & 
Country around, then Detachment from the Fort with a Body of the 
Country proposes to pursue the Enemy, all, or at least chief part of 
the Day, is spent in Assembling, and consulting, and at last it is 
concluded to pursue^ but the Indians having 8 or 10 Hours start of 
them they return much fatigued finding it Impracticable to overtake 
the Enemy, and are obliged to put up with their loss. ^ 

Upon this the chief parts of the remaining Inhabit^ most adja- 
cent to the place where this affair happens flys and leaves their Habi- 
tations and all that they have to depend upon for support for their 
Families, and some few perhaps determine to stay by their living, 
choosing, rather to take the ' chance of dying by the Hand of the 
Enemy than starve with Hunger by leaving their all Behind, those 
must be constantly on the watch, and Can't apply themselves to any 
Industry, but live as long as they can upon what they have already 
got ; the Indians avoid coming nigh that place for some time, & 
will make their next attack in the same manner at a Considerable dis- 
tance from thence, where the people are secure and not thinking 
much about danger, by and by the People that flod from the first 
place attacked hearing of no late Encroachments on that Quarter, & 
being obliged thro' Necessity will return to their Habitations again. 


and live io their former security u if nothing had happened, & then 
it will be Time, and the Indiana will give them the second stroke 
with as mnch sucoess as the first, & in this manner have we of the 
Proyinov of Pennsylvania been Embarrassed & had our Limbs lop't 
off, and our once flourishing Country greatly laid waste. 

I Introduce the method the Indians have Taken to destroy us, to 
prove the advantage that woulcT' Accrue to this Province and the 
eaioae In general oar Marching into the Indian Couijitry as here pro- 
posed ; but let it be observed it would not be prudent in us to march 
into their Country in the same manner they do into ours, that is^ 
we should never begin a march without good Intelligence for these 
reasons, the Indians know our Country well, mean the Belawares, 
Shawnese, Mingos, Muncys & Nanticocks, we know nothing of all 
theirs, we are thick settled and continue at our settlements, tney are 
not, nor don't Continue at their Settlements, & therefore more diffi- 
eaU to find them, and quite uncertain but by fresh Intelligence they 
are more hardy, and can suffer more Fatigue, and provide themselves 
better in the woods with Provisions than we can. This may proceed 
from Nature, or Custom, or perhaps both, if from Nature, solely, 
we shall never attain these necessary Qualifications for Indian Fight- 
ing, but if from Custom, it U to be hoped in Time we shall become 
good Soldiers in this way, & prove a Check to this Barbarous Ban- 

It may be thought that we can proceed as wo are at present situated 
to destroy their Towns in the same manner that Lieu^ Colonel Arm- 
strong did the Eittanning. This was a Noble undertaking, & Judi* 
eioQsly Exeouted, but to this I would answer, that this Glorious 
£Bterprize of Lieut. Col. Armstrong's was quite an unexpected 
thing to the Indians, and as they are a very cunning Indefatigueablo 
People, it will put them more upon their guard for the future, and 
by our Troops being constantly employed amongst them at different 
plaees at the same time, if we should be sometimes Discovered (as 
we undoubtedly will) and fail of an intention in one Quarter, it will 
produce some eood Effects in another, and by this means they never 
would know where to ]»rovide against us, which is a paralell ease 
with us at Present, & will remain so, unless we can remove the Seat 
of War, by carrying it into the Indian Country, which cannot be 
done by one Body, unless it is a powerfull one, as we will be dis- 
covered in our march 4 Times in 5, & if Discovered, and a small 
Body they will so Counteract us that we shall be neither to Execute 
oar design, nor retreat, and if there should be a Succesion of this bad 
Fortune, it would be of Very bad Consequence, it would render it a 
Difficult matter to persuade Troops with sucoess in that Country. 

It is presumed that all the Troops in the Pay of the Province of 

Pennsylvania (to answer this Purpose) are to be Inliated for life, as 

all the King's Troops are, otherwise this end can never be attained, 

AS they will be continually once a year Composed of Recruits. 

Another bad Tendency enlisting soldiers for a short Time will 


bave^ that much time will be lost in Recraiting, and in the Interim 
between their being free & replacing them again, by Recraits Twhich 
are always Esteemed Inferior to old Disciplined Soldiers) I say m this 
Intrim the Province will be left quite Defenceless, being entirely 
left without Soldiers, & should the Enemy take the advantage, of 
this, they might overrun the Province without opposition, as we have 
no Militia. 

When the Troops are fitted up again with* Recruits before they 
properly know themselves dp be Soldiers, the Times for which they 
Inlisted is nigh Expiring, & they grow Indifferent whether they do 
their Duty or not, if they can deceive their officers & Escape punish- 
ment, their Freedom engrossing more of their mind than their Duty 
as Soldiers. 

I hope these few thoughts will be accepted as coming from a Per* 
son who has nothing so much at 'Heart as the Welfare of the 
Province of Pennsylvania, if they are of any Service it's well, if not 
let the Author's Zeal Opoligize ' for the attempt, and Pardon his 

William Parsons to Richard Peters, 1757. 

Sir, . ' 

In my Letter of this Day to the Governor is enclosed a Letter 
from Oap^ Orndt, at Fort Allen, of the 31st last past,* wherein the 
Captain informs of the Arrival of Toedyuscung's two Sods, and hia 
Brother Cap^ Harris, with other Indians to the number of 50, men, 
women and children, who all intend to' stay about the Fort till 
Teedyuscung comes himself, w**^ his Company, which probably will 
be very soon. 

It would be a yery great Ease to me, and, I believe, better for the 
Indians & the province, if Orders were given for their immediate 
March, as soon as Teedyuscung comes with his Company, thro' 
Bethlehem to Philad\ 

Last week I was obliged to send to Philad^ Market for a little 
Motton, not having seen any at Easton since the last Treaty; 
neither have I any Person in my House that knows how to dress it 
when it oomes to Hand. This week I propose to move into my new 
House. I hope his Hon' will not command mo to attend the In- 
dians to Philadelphia. 

I am Sir, 

your obedient, 

humble Servant, 


Easton, April the 8d, 1757. 

R*. Peters, Esq'. 
Directed. — ^To Eichard Peters, Esquire, Secretary of the Province 

of Pennsylvania. 

* See it, Colon Rec. Vol. VII. p. 474. 


Gav. Denny's order to Sheriff of Cumberland Countt, 


PennsylvaDia, m. 

The Honourable William Denny, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor 
& Commander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania and Coun- 
ties of Newcastle, Kent and Sussex on Delaware. To the Sheriff of 
Cumberland County Greeting. Whereas it having been represented 
to me that two Great Guns or Cannon were in the Custody and 
Possession of a Certain Benjamin Chambers at his Dwelling Honso 
on the Western Frontier of this Province in the said County of 
Cumberland, Where they did lie exposed to his Majesty's Enemies 
who by taking Possession of them might thereby be the better 
enabled to annoy and Distress his said Majesty's Subjects in this 
Provincer, and to lay Seige to and reduce his Majesty's Forts. 
Therein moved by my Duty to my Sovereign, and a regard & con- 
cern for the safety of the People of this Province under mv Com- 
mand, care and Protection. I issued my Order in writing bearing 
date on or about the fourth day of February last past, directed to 
Lieutenant Colonel John Armstrong, thereby Commanding him to 
cause the said two Cannon, to be removed from the dwelling House 
of the said Benjamin Chambers to Shippensburg or some other Fort 
under his Command as a place of safety, where they might be secure 
from falling into the hands of the Enemy. And Whereas it has 
been proved to my satisfaction that the said John Armstrong did 
•end a party of his Majesty's Forces under the Command of Thomas 
Smallman, to remove the said Cannon accordingly, and that the said 
Benjamin Chambers with an intent to disturb the King's peace him- 
self did assemble with divers other Persons unknown armed with 
Swords, Guns, and other Warlike weapons, and Riotously, Traitor- 
onsly and Seditiously without any Lawful authority did oppose the 
March of the said Thomas Smallman and the other Forces under 
his Command, would not suffer them to 'execute my «aid order, and 
did not only refuse to deliver up the said Cannon, but did threaten 
to kill the said Thomas or any of the said Forces who should offer 
to take Possession of the said Cannon, and I have reason to believo 
that the said Benjamin Chambers is'disaffected to his Majesty and 
hb Government. You are therefore hereby strictly charged and 
commanded to take the Body of the said Benjamin Chambers, and 
bring him under a stroug Guard before me the said William Denny, 
Esquire, "^t the City of Philadelphia, to answer the Premises and be 
dealt with according to Law, and all Officers Civil and Military, and 
others his Majesty's Subjects in this Province are hereby ordered 
and charged to be aiding and assisting to you thereiff. Hereof fail 
not, as you^will answer the Contrary at your Peril, and for your so 
doing this Shall be your Warrant, Given under my Hand and Seal 



at Arms at Philadelphia the fifth daj of April; & Thirtieth Tear of 
his Majest/s Reign. 


Gov Dbnny to William Pitt, 1757. 

Philadelphia, 9 April, 1757. 

I am honoured with your Letters of the 4th Dec'.,* the 4th and 
19th Feb., and beg leave to congratulate yon on his Majest/s hav- 
ing been pleased to appoint you Secretary of State. 

The two last Letters were laid before the Assembly with a Mes- 
sage to desire them to pay obedience to his Majesty's orders therein 

Their Conduct on this and all other occasions, during their long 
Sessions, is amply set forth in my Letter to the Proprietaries, a 
Copy of which is inolosed. 

As the Assembly of this Province seem determined not to offer 
such a Militia Bill, as can be passed, I hope the Parliament will 
please to take it into Consideration, and lay such taxes on them as 
woud be sufficient for their defence, either by the King's Troops, 
Begiments in the pay of the province, or both. 

An Act of Parliament for establishing a Militia here is also neces- 
sary,, which would have a good effect in some parts even now, and 
might be of general use hereafter. 

It is true all means wou'd be attempted at present to render it 
ineffectual, tho' the Country is in such imminent danger. 

I am Sir, 

your most obedient, 

& most humble servant, 


To the Right Honourable William Pitt, Esquire. 

* See Col. Rec. Vol. VII, p. 412. 


From Gov, Denny to Proprietaries, 1757. 

Sir, Philadelphia, 9th April, 1757. 

I DOW sit down to nve Yon a regular Detail of what has passed 
siooe my last, When I consider this was wrote so long aco as the 
4th November, I am afraid You will think me negligent, hut roallj 
I cou'd have no Satisfaction in writing till I knew the Result of the 
Assembly in the several Articles laid before them, my Measures 
depending thereon, and this was delayed, tho' every day impatiently 
ezpeoted till the Embargo took Place, which deprived me of Oppor* 

I shall first begin with Indian Afikirs. The Conference at EastoUi 
where I was preparing to go at the Time of writing my last Letter, 
were carried on with all the Care and Dispatch possible, and Copies 
of the Minutes put on board the Packet on the 24th November, Uien 
ready to sail, bat detained by Lord Loudoun till the latter End of 
December. These no doubt are long ago come to your Hands, and 
will have afforded You Satisfaction in every Article, except that of 
the Indian Complaints against the Proprietaries. It being frequently 
surmised to me that the Delaware Indians were uneasy on account 
of Injuries done them, both by this and the neighbouring Provinces 
in their Transactions with them for Lands, and they never wou'd be 
brought to make a firm and lasting Peace till these Uneasinesses 
were removed, I conceived it my Duty to press them to open them- 
selves to me with the utmost Freedom on this bead, promising 
them a fair Hearing and my best Endeavours to obtain for them 
a full Bedress, if their Complaints shou'd appear to be just, and 
on doing it You see they have laid an heavy Charge on the Pro- 

Lieutenant Colonel Weiscr, the Provincial Interpreter, declared, 
in Council, the Commissioners being present, that the Indian , Pump- 
shire, Teedyuscung's Interpreter, informed him some White People 
in Town were perpetually putting Things into the Heads of the 
Indians respecting their pretended Complaints. I had at first charged 
M'. Weiser and him not to interpret anything that should be said to 
the Indians without my Permission, and the Centries who were posted 
to guard them had Orders not to suffer any white People to speak to 
them. Yet, as almost all the Delawares speak English, and Teedy- 
uscung We know does, he and some of the principal Indians went 
frequently to People's Houses, and might converse with whom they 
pleased. One morning in particular, the Delaware Chief, with One 
of his Counsellors and the Interpreter Pumpshire, were observed by 
M'. Weiser to go into the House where some of the principal Phila- 
delphia Quakers lodged, and telling M'. Peters of it, he immediately 
went there and found it to be true, of which he informed me, and 
likewise made it public. 

M'. Peters at .my Instance has given You a4)articular Relation of 


what passed, and is in hopes to receive yonv Answer Time enoneh 
for his X]!ondiict at the ensuing Treaty, where it is expected the 
Indians will endeavour to prove their Charges. In the mean Time 
a Committee of Council is appointed to examine the Indian Deeds, 
Treaties, Minutes of Council and Minutes of Property, their Exami- 
nation will be reported to me in Council, from whence a proper 
Defence will be drawn against any Complaints that shall be made 
by the Indians.* 

Agreeable to your Request in One of your Letters to IVP". Peters, 
that whatever passes between this Government and the Indians may 
be instantly communicated to Sir William Johnson, either by me or 
him, I did not fail at my first coming to write to that Gentleman, 
informing him of my appointment to the Government of this Pro- 
vince, desiring his Assistance and Advice as to my Conduct in 
Indian Affairs, promising to give him particular Accounts of Intelli- 
gence, or any other Matters as they should occur, and requesting 
the same Favour on his Part. I had the honour of receiving a polite 
Answer from him, wherein he is pleased to assure me of his Corres- 
pondence, Assistance and Service. Since that Copies of the Indian 
Conferences at Easton, which were referred to him for his Approba* 
tion, were sent by me to Sir William Johnson, with a Letter on the 
Subject, which he was so good as to answer, approving what was then 
done, and recommending M^ Croghan to me as the Person deputed 
by him, with the Approbation of Lord Loudoun, to negotiate Indian 
Affairs within this Province and elsewhere. His Commission and 
Instructions to M'. Croghan were laid before the Council and Assem- 
bly, and Copies sent to You. In Pursuance of these Powers, M^ 
Croghan dispatched in my name a Message to the Delaware Chief, 
Teedyuscung, pressing him to come here with all possible Expedi- 
tion, that the Business with him might be finished Time enough to 
^ admit the Indians to join his Majesty's Forces at the Beginning of 
the Campaign. Other Messengers wero sent to the Ohio to sound 
the Shawonese and Delawares in those Parts, and if fbdnd to be of 
a good disposition, then they were instructed to hint to them that if 
they would lay down the Hatchet and depute some -of their principal 
Indians to the Treaty to be held in the Spring with Teedyuscung, 
they would not meet with a disagreeable Reception, or something to 
that Effect. Sir William, informed by M**. Croghan of these Steps, 
& approving them, dispatched a Deputation to the Six Nations to 
attend and assist at Ihe Treaty; tho' there were few at first setting 
out, yet in their Journey they encreased to above one hundred and 
fifty, and are now at Conestogoe under the Care of M'. Croghan 
waiting for Teedyuscung. A Message is come from him infi>rming 
me of his good Disposition and Intentions to treat, and bring with 
him a large Number of Indians, and desiring a Supply of Provisions 
on their Journey, which was complied with. He likewise gave me 
Jntelligence that the French sent six of their People and four 

* Colon. Rec.,Vol. YII., pp. 320, 354, 394, 399, 4C5, 681. 

mnNSYLYANu AseBwvs nvr. io» 

Mians to view the Fort at Sbamoktn/and that tbey were retura'd 
with Two Scalps, which they said were Sealps of Two of the Out 
Centinela of Fort Augusta. True it is that Two were killed and 
aealpedy but by what lodiasa it was never diaooTered^ till tfaia 
Acooant came from Teedyasoang. 

Sinee my Arrival here I have met with varioaa Attempts to 
impose npon me^ One very remarkable Push was made at me by 
Friends at Easton, against which I was upon my Guard. Tho' 
Bene of the Council, exeept the Secretary and M^ Logan, a Qoakeri 
went with me to the Treaty, which was not right as I was a perfect 

You will see in the Minutes of the-Indian Conferences, that Tee* 
dynseang was followed by a Namber of Indians from Biahogo, who 
came withio Six or Seven Miles of Fort Allen, bat won'd come no 
fartker. They had heard Stories as if the Government had bad 
Designs against Teedynseung and the Indians with him, and it was 
Uun^t staid behind waiting to see what Reception he should find. 
These, Teedynscong after he saw how kindly the Governor behav'd 
to him, desir'd mi^t be invited to proceed to £aston and join in 
the TretAjf and proposed tho sending a Messenger to them witl^ a 
String of Wampum from Each of Us. The Quakers, ^ shew their 
Importance, wanted to send a third String in their own Name, and 
Applicaliofn was made to me that such a String might be sent along 
with those of mine and Teedyuscnng's. I resented this in a Body 
of Men, who had no more Pretensions than any other religions 
Society to concern themselves in a Matter of Government, and 
positively refused it. It was then said Teedyuscung desired it, I 
said I had Interest enough with Teedyuscung to get him to waive 
it, and won'd take it upon me to make him perfectly easy. Finding 
myself treated in this manner, and observing great Numbers of 
Friends in Town, I sent lor M''. Wilson and Hant, the London 
Friends, told them of this unprecedented Step in the Quakers, and 
deelar'd they ongfat not nor shou'd be considered by me in a different 
Light from Churchmen, Dissenters, Moravians, or any other religious 
Society. None of these offered to meddle in this or any other 
Treaty, and they had certainly as good Pretensions to do it as 
Friends. This being a Matter of Government in which no private 
Society had any Right to concern themselves. It was very observ- 
able that great Numbers were in Town of their particular Society, 
more than all the rest put together. 

Having thrown together all that occurs on the Subject of IndianS| 
I shall now go on to mention my Proceedings with the Assembly. 
It gave me no small concern to think that the public Business was 
interrupted by my Journey to Easton. I hoped however that upon 
my Return the Assembly won'd not fail to dispatch the sundry 
Things laid before them, and it looked as if they were really indin'd 
to do it bv sending me a Message soon after my Return, requesting 
me to ky before 'em what Instructions I might have relating to LawS; 


tbat ttey might not lose Time in prefmrxng Bilb, wkich by uj 
Instrnotions, I could not pass. Finding only the 44th Instruoiioii 
to be of a pabUc Natnre, I forthwith sent them a Copy of it, with 
an Assaranoe that I had no other which eon'd affect any of that 
Deliberations. The first Business that came on was the A&ir of 
Quarters. Lord Loadonn in a Letter of 22d September, whieh was 
laid before the House at their first Meeting, demanded of this Prp- 
vinoe to make Provision for Quarters and the Necessaries allowed ia 
them ; and by a subsequent Letter of the 28th October, informed me 
that he shou'd send One Battallion of the Royal Americans, and an 
Independent Company,, to be quartered in this City, which coming 
to my Hands at Easton, cou'd not be laid before the House till the 
24th November. This, however, gave Time enough to have a Bill 
passed and the Quarters settled before the March of the Troops, to 
which the House was pressed, but in vain ; nor was any thing done 
till the Forces had actually begun their March, and an Officer was 
sent before to give Notice of it and to inspect the Quarters, imagin- 
ing they were ready. The House, alarmed at their Approach, pre- 
sented me a Bill extending the Sections relating to Quarters, in the 
Act for punishing Mutiny and Desertion, &c. This Act of Parlisr 
ment You know affects only Public Houses, and is indeed calculated 
lor Times of Peace, even in England. Before I wou'd enter -open 
the Consideration of the Bill, I sent to the Mayor, and ordered him 
to cause an exact Account to be taken of the public Houses within 
this City, and what Number of Quarters oou'd be furnished by them. 
Upon which he issued his Precepts to the Constables of each Ward 
to inspect every public House ; and on receiving their Beturn, I 
examined it, the Mayor and Cap^ Tulliken being present. Finding 
the Return not so exactly made as to be deponed on, I desired those 
Gentlemen wouM visit every public House themselves in order to be 
satisfied of the real State of the Quarters 5 and well it was I gave 
this Order, for they discovered that the Constables Returns were 
partial, jfalse, and made at the Instance of the Tavern-keepers, who 
imagined they should be allowed a Shilling a day for every Soldier, 
as they had been for every Reoruitr 

On reading the twenty-fourth Section of the Act of Parliament at 
large, the Conduct of the Assembly was detected, for by extending 
the Beginning of this Section, the present Bill was seen to be the 
•very same in Effect with the old Law repeided by the King, and 
therefore the Bill was returned with a Negative, and a Message set- 
ting forth this Imposition. The House, apprehensive of the bad 
Consequences of any further Delay, left out the Part objected to. 
Notwithstanding, I was satisfied that Quarters could not be provided 
under this Act sufficient for the Number of Troops expected here, 
yet the Bill was good as far as it would go, and besides established 
quartering of Troops by Law throughout the Province. I therefore 
passed it, and recommending at the same Time a further Provision 
of Quarters to supply the Deficiency of the public Houses. 


la tbd mean time, liieatenant Oolonel Booqnet, bting inid« 
aoqaamted by Oap^ Tnlliken with tlie DiffioulUes ooenrring abovH 
the Soldiers Qoartera, hastened to Town, exeeedinglj displeased. 
As fhere was a new ProTineial Hospital sufficient to hold Fiye 
Hundred Hen, with Jbe Proportion of Officers, jast finished tho' 
aot used ; at his pressing Instance I applied for it, as what woa'd 
be]p Us at once ont of all cor Difficnlties, and had good Hopes 
given me of snoceeding, tho' in the End I was refased. I then 
made Application to the Major to desire the Corporation wou'd 
assist in providing Qaarters by hiring empty Houses, or by any 
oilier means to prevent if possible quartering on private Houses. 
My Request was politely refused, the Corporation not having Funds 
raffieient to be at so much Ezpence. During these Transactions, a 
very deep Snow fell, succeeded by a sharp Frost In this severe 
Weather the Troops marched into Town, the Small Poz raging in 
every Part, and were cronded into public Houses, where they suffered 
extreme Hardships and caught the Infection. The Surgeons declared 
every House would be an Hospital, unless the sick were removed 
into one Place, and those who were well less crouded and better 
accommodated. After- all the P^ns taken by the Mayor and Magis- 
trates, it appeared by the Return that Quarters were wanting for one 
btmdred and twenty-four private Men. These distressed Cireum* 
itanoes of the Troops I repeatedly laid before House, who never* 
theless suffered the Men to lye in this miserable Condition. 

Lieutenant Col. Bouquet having met with nothing but Disappoint* 
raents, and more Men falling sick every day, demanded my Warrant* 
On the Mayor's refusing to Act, I sent for the High Sheriff, acquaint* 
isg him with Colonel Bouquet's Demand, and assured him a Warrant 
to provide sufficient Quarters, for the King's Troops wou'd be de»> 
livered to Col. Bouquet, directed to him, to which he was to yield 
Obedience ', charging him to take particular Care that the Inhabit- 
ants were distressed as little as possible in the manner of quartering. 
Thn Measure was intended to hasten the Resolutions of the H6i|8e 
on this important Affair, which would admit of no further Delay. 
The Warrant was accordingly delivered, in the presence of the 
Sheriff, to the Commanding Officer, with a Blank for the Number 
of Men who wanted Quarters, and he was to send it to me to have 
them inserted in case it was necessary to be executed. Early the 
next day the Sheriff waited on Col. Bouquet, and desired he might 
be trusted with the Writ for a short Time, in order to shew it to 
some of his Friends, who had great Influence on the Assembly, and 
might by their Petition prevent the Necessity of putting it into 
Execution, which wou'd have been very agreeable to all Parties. 
Instead of a Petition, the Writ itself was laid before the House in a 
clandestine manner, and very improperly by the Sheriff's Consent, 
which threw the House into a Ferment, and for the first Time since 
the Charter they sat all Saturday Afternoon and Sunday Morning, 
and drew up a long abusive Message, which they chose shou'd be 


delivered bj Two of the MembeffSi a« th« People were going to 
Ghurcb, desiring withal a Conference for the final Settlement of the 
Matter, to which I readily agreed and appointed the next morning. 

On Pernaal of their Message I foand it contained a long Narra- 
tive filled with Abases, which I answered briefly, telling them these 
Proceedings shou'd be referred to the King's Ministers, and inform- 
kig them that whilst they were ooneoming their Time in long Mes- 
sages, sixty-two Beds were actually wanted for one hundred and 
twenty-four Men, who lay upon Straw, and Quarters for the Eeoniitft 
who arrived every Day. 

At the Oonfereaoe, which was held in Conncil the Members of the 
House behaved with great JEtudeness and Insolence, calling me a 
Bashaw &o., using many other ei:pressions, not at all becoming them, 
I only answered that if they found Fault with me for doing my Duty 
in quartering the King's Troops in that very severe Season, they did 
me a great deal of Honour, and that, whatever might be the conse- 

Juenoe I was determined to do my Duty. Immediately after the 
lonference, finding nothing was to be expected from the Assembly, 
I dispatched an Express to Lord Loudoun, with an account of all^theae 
Proceedings, who was pleased by the Return of the Messenger, to 
thank me for my steady and proper Conduct, ofiering to send me 
more Troops to enforce the Quarters, if the Assembly should still con- 
tinue obstinate. The House having without my Privity or consent, 
presumed to adjourn for the Christmas Hollidays, notj^ithstanding 
the distressed condition and sickness of the soldiers who were raised 
and paid to defend them ; His Lordship's Letter came to my Hands 
during this Adjournment. This obstinate persisting in an open Ne- 
glect of Humanity was the highest Instance I have ever met with of 
the Depravity of Human Nature. I had however another Resource, 
which was, to acquaint the Commissioners, that I had received a 
Letter from his Lordship, which obliged me to know if Col. Bouquet's 
Demand for Quarters &c.,'coud be complied with, and to insist on a 
el^ar and precise answer before night, telling them that the Express 
waited to carry it to his Lord&hip. On this Lstter the Commissioners 
met, and sent an answer, subscribed by all, that they would oonq)ly 
with Col. Boquets Demands, and provide Quarters and an Hospital, 
and all other Things, to his satisfaction. Thus this troublesome afiair 
was at last settled, which might with a great deal of Ease have been 
done as well at first, and with a much better Grace. 

The Assembly was Pleased immediately to print a partial Report 
of the conference without my Leave, or even acquainting me of their 
Intention, nor had they so much Decency and Regard to Justice as 
to compare the minutes with the Clerk of the Council. 

On the 13th January, after having sat three oompleat Calendar 
Months, the House presented me three Bills one for binding out & 
settling, &o., the French Neutrals. The Second for regulating the 
Provincial Officers and Soldiers, that is, putting them on the same 
Footing with the King's Troops, with a power given me to appoint 


a Conrl Martial. And tbe Third for continneiDg the Oity "Watch, 
All which were passed without any Hesitation or Ohjection. Still f 
heard nothing from them on the Article of Snpplies, or the Militia^ 
at lengthy on the 22d January, a Bill was sent to me for raising One 
Hundred Thousand Pounds for the King's Use^ hy a Tax on all 
Estates^ Real and Personal^ which on Perusal appeared to me as a 
Stranger^ as well as to the Gentlemen of the Council, who hare been 
80 long experienced in the affairs of this Country, to be not only con- 
trary to your particular Instructions^ but, if there had been no In- 
structions at ally to common Equity and Justice. Desirous to avoid 
Disputes about the right of^imending Money Bills, which had ever 
been allowed till lately, as appears by their own Minutes, instead of 
amending the ^11, 1 sent a short Message to the House, wherein I 
declared the Necessity I was under of refusing my assent to it, and 
pressed them to prepare a new Bill free from the Objections which 
so obviously lay against this } Instead of a Compliance, they thought 
proper to return me the Bill with a Remonstrance, demanding it of 
me as their Right, << to give mj assent to it (and as it was a Money 
'' Bill without Alteration or Amendment) as I shoud answer to the 
"Crown for all the Consequences of my Refusal^ at my peril/' To 
this extreme Rudeness and Insolence I made no other Reply than 
still to refuse my assent to the Bill, and to tell the House I would 
have it copied in order to be laid before his Majesty with my Reasons 
for not passing it ; and if the House desired an Exemplification under 
the Great Seal, they might have it upon Application. 
' Uader this Disappointment the House proceeded to consider other 
Means of raising Supplies, and tho' many might have occurred to 
them, which I could agree to consistent with Honour and a Regard 
to Justice^ yet it was easy to foresee that in such a Humour tney 
woud not offer me a proper Bill ; at length they fell upon making 
a supplemental Bill on the Sixty Thousand Pounds Act already passed 
by his Majesty, their Pretence for this was, that it had obtained the 
Royal assent^ which agreeable to the Preamble of the Instruction 
most probably woud not have been given, if the Proprietors had not 
declined all Opposition on account of the Bills having issuedy and 
the perillous Circumstances of the Province ; so that what was meant 
by the Proprietaries, as a well timed instance of their Indulgence, 
was artfully turned against them, and the Law, tho' unjust, as being 
permitted to pftss sub Silentio, was set up for a Precedent. In order 
to obviate this plausible Reason in Favour of the Bill, a Message 
was Bent to set forth the gpevances which woud fall on particulars, 
in case it was to pass into a Law. This had no other Effect than to 
produce an abusive Report of a Committee of Assembly, which the 
House adopted, and returned the Bill with a verbal Message, con- 
ceived in their usual Strain, that " if I shoud continue to refuse my 
" assent to the Bill as it then stood, they must refer it to me to pay 
" the Forces or disband them, as I should judge I could best answer 
" for my Conduct to his Majesty." . 


Afl Boon aa this tronblesom^ Affair was endod^ they presented to me 
i^Bill to render the quartering Soldiers on the public Honses more 
eqnal, in whiob they laid a further Ezciae of two Penoe ^ Gallon on 
Liquors sold by public Houaekeepersj subject by Law to ba billeted 
npon, which leaving out the Retailers of small Liquors did but make 
bad worse. The Injustice of this Bill I set forth in a Message, to which 
they paid no Regard ; and tho' I was by no means convinced it was 
a good Bill, yet as it made some further Provisison for Quarters, and 
was of a short Duration, I was advised to pass it, which I did unwil- 
lingly, thinking it to be a partial BilL 

Having received a Letter from the Lords of Trade in January last, 
ordering Restraints to be laid on all Vessels bound to any other Port 
than such as belonged to his Majesty, I laid it before the House with 
a Message desiring a Bill might be prepared agreeably to the King's 
Orders signified in this Letter, as if there was not already matter 
enough of Debate, they presented me, a Bill confining the Restraint 
and Prohibition to America only, leaving Vessels at Liberty to sail 
to any Neutral Ports in Europe, and adhered to this partial Bill, in 
Opposition to my just Amendments, and against the express Direo* 
tions of the Lords of Trade, who were on this occasion treated with 
Indecency in One of their Messages, which they likewise published 
in the Gazette. 

Another Bill was likewise offered at the same Time to continue the 
Act now expired, for the more easy and speedy Recovery of Legacies 
As to this, I was informed by Mr. Hamilton and Mr. Peters You 
had made some just objections to it, as interfering with the Powers 
of Chancery, yet this being not a Time to raise new Disputes, the 
Council advised me to pass it, which I accordingly did. 

On the Fourth of March an Express arrived in the Evening from 
Lord Loudoun, with Letters to me and the Southern Governors, re- 
quiring us to lay a general Embargo, and to take all imaginable care 
that it should be strictly observed. Tb^ Collector was instantly seofe 
for, and served with an order in Form under the Great Seal, not to 
clear any Vessel, and desired forthwith to send a List of all the Ves- 
sels in Port, particularly those who had got their Clearances. The 
next Day I conferred with Col. Stanwix, and gave orders to the Offi- 
cer who commanded at the Fort not to suffer any Vessels to pass. I 
sent a Message to the House, acquainting them with what had been 
done, and desiring such an Embargo might be hiid by Law as wood 
answer my Lord's Purposes. To this they have not yet vouchsafed 
to give me any answer. 

In the Minutes of the Indian Conferences, You will find an Invi- 
tation made to the Indians to come and settle at Shamokin, with a 
Promise of having a Store of Goods to be sold to them at reasonable 
Rates, under the care of a person for whom the Governmeot would 
be answerable. To enable me to discharge this Promise, and to put 
the Indian Trade, heretofore in the bands of Persons of no Character 
who had abused and defrauded the Indians, Upon a good Footing, it 


viB peoesflary a good Law should be cajofullj framed, and anoh an ona 
I mighl reasonably have expected ; instead. of this, the House seni • 
BiU the like to which I will venture to say was never offered in any 
Oovemment. The Power of naming, oommissionating and instrocting 
the Agents to be employed in regulating the Trade, and even distri- 
buting the Presents to the Indians, and almost every thiug else being 
lodged solely in the House or Committees of Assembly, without anj 
Partieipatioii of the Governors and Council Such a Bill I understood 
bad been offered to the late Governor, whose amendments were read 
in Council, and being again considered and approved as necessary^ 
reasonable and just, they were transcribed and sent with the Bill to 
the House, who io8t%ntly retomed it with a Negative, and I as 
quickly sent it agun with my peremptory Befusal. 

Mr. Hockley no doubt has acquainted you with the ill Temper 
the House was in on my Befusing a BiU for striking the sum of 
£2840, the Remainder unpaid of your Gift of £5000. The Money 
was indeed particularly wanted at that Time, and coud have been 
employed to very great advantage, in enabling me to send Lieutenant 
Col. Armstrong on a private Expedition, which could not be execu- 
ted for want of such a sum. 

One Bill more closes this tedious Account of the Proceedings of 
the Asssmbly except what was c|one with, or by advice of Lord hovr 
donn, which will be told more properly when I come to speak of my 
Transactions with his Lordship ; Common Sense and fatal £xperienoe 
shews that in such a country as this, with so extended a Frontier, 
the proper Defence must be made by a well disciplined and well 
regulated Militia } This tho the first in order and Consequence, was 
put off to the close of the Sessions, without Regard to my warm Be- 
commendations of it in my Speech at the Opening of the Sessions, 
and to my repeated Applications during the Course of it. I proposed 
to the Council to have a good and proper Militia Bill carefully drawn, 
and to have sent it to the House early in their Sessions, but it was 
signified to me by them,tbat many of the new Assembly on the late 
change of members were well disposed, and might offer a better Bill of 
themselves, than they would approve, if sent by the Governor, of whom 
their Attachment to the People led them to entertain unreasonable 
Jealousies. On this Consideration I dropped the Motion and waited for 
the result of the Assembly's Deliberations on this important Subjeet| 
which as I said, they did not chuse to send me, till the Members were 
tired with their long Sessions, and impatient to go home, and notwith- 
standing that I was encouraged to believe they would have drawn up 
a good oue, yet they offered me one even more anticonstitutional than 
their old Law repealed by the ELing. In short nothing could surpass 
this Undutifulness to his Majesty, and their indecency in offering 
such a Bill but my agreeing to pass it. 

The several Messages that have passed between me and the Assem- 
bly in this long Session, and the exemplifications of the Laws, as well 


i0 of the Biflfl tbat have been rejcoted, are ^ent in the Geatral Watt 
Packet, which will sail Boon. 

The State of the Froatien and the ForoeiB come next to be oonsU 
dered. After Col. Armstrong'B saoeeaafal Expedition against the 
Kittanning, and the Gonclnsion of the Peace at Easton, the bade 
Inhabitants enjoyed Rest from the Inearsioni of the Sayagea, and tha 
poor People who were drove from their Plantations, generall j re> 
tnrned to them. Straggling Parties of Indiana may be always ezpeotei 
to do Mischief, but none has been done in any Part of this ProTinea 
daring the whole Winter that has come to my Knowledge, exoept 
that whiUt Teedynscong and his People were loitering on the Borden 
in his Retnrn an House was attacked nnder the Bine fiiUs in North* 
ampton County, one Man killed, a Oirl of aboat eleven years carried 
loff and a Woman missing ; a little after this a Boy was killed and 
aealped on the Borders of Berks County, and another dangeronaly 
wounded, who made, his escape, and declared he saw but Two Indiana. 
Two of the Centries a^ Augusta were shot by foreign Indians in the 
Winter, who made off instantly, and tho pursued were not ovetaken* 
Of this last Party of Indians, Teedyuscung as I said above, gave an 
account. In my last I mentioned that the Augusta Battalion were 
employed in building and carrying on the works at that Fort, their 
Duty and Labour very severe, even nnder these Circumstanow of the 
Garrison, I ordered a strong Detachment under Col. Clapham towards 
the Ohio, to act offensively, and if possible destroy an Indian Town ; 
but Intelligence arriving before these orders could be carried into 
Execution, that a large body of French and Indians was coming to 
besiege the Fort, they were obliged to lay the Expedition aside. 
This account proving false. Col. Clapham who was employed in finiah* 
ing the Fort, sent out a Captain's Command to atteek an Indian 
Town called Shingleclamouse, situate near the Head of the West 
Branch of Susquehannah, where was supposed to be a great Resort 
of Indians. Capt. Hambright entered the Town, found the Cabins ail 
'standing, but deserted by the Indians. Agreeably to his Orders he 
did not touch any thing, nor destroy the Town, in hopes the Indians 
woud come to settle there again. Thb was the only Indian Town 
ooud be attacked ; and We found by a second Expedition that they 
had returned, set their Town on Fire and were retired to Venango, 
situate where theBiver au Boef runs into the Ohio. Since the affair 
of Kittanning the Indians on this side the Ohio have mostly retired 
with their Wives and Children under the French Forts on tbat River. 

The State of the Provincial Forces, a Subject the most disagree- 
able of all, still remains to be mentioned. The Thirty Thousand 
Pounds raised in September, were soon expended in discharging the 
Arrears due to the Forces, and for other Articles, at the Time that 
Bill passed ; No Money remaining for the future Pay of the Soldiers 
and the supply Bill being kept back, another large Arrear was in- 
curred, I suppose purposely to breed Discontent among the Forces, 
prevent Recruiting, and every Way encrease the public Confusion, 


m order to oblige me to pass any Bill that ahonld be presented. The 
Difficulties put upon me were, and still are, ineonceivable on aooonnt 
of tbe Manner oaod here in enlisting into the service, which is in 
some Instances, for three Months in others for six, and in almost all 
only f<v a Year. This I wanted to alter from the yerj Beginning 
and gave the Officers Orders to recruit for no less Term than Three 
Tears, or during the War. I declared from Time to Time to tbe 
Oommissioners the Neoessity of this Alteration, and their giving » 
lar^ Bounty for every Recruit, but they still answered me, t£at they 
had no money for recruiting, and besides they were sure the Soldiers 
wcad be glad to stay in the Service, and reenlist. With this answer 
I was foroed to acquiesce. 

As in the Spring Parties of the Enemy Indians from the Ohio 
were expected to renew their Incursicms, at the latter end of March 
I oidered Lieutenant Col. Armstrong to encamp with a Detachment 
consisting of Three Hundred Men near Ray's Town, a well chosen 
Situation on this Side the Allegheny Hills, ^between Two Indian 
Roadsy the only known Tract of the Indians to invade this Province. 
He had further Directions to employ Spies, and send out ranging 
Parties; by these Precautions the Inroads of the Indians might 
have been prevented, or their Retreat cut off, whieh woud probably 
have hinderd future Incursions. For this Service, a few Horses^ 
some Forage and a small Matter of Camp Equipage are vranting. 
I cannot prevail on tbe Commissioners lo advance the necessary 
Supplies, so that I doubt this Expedition will miscarry for want of a 
trifling Expence. 

Colonel Clapham gave me early Notice, that most of his Battal« 
lion was only enlisted, for a year, which in several Instances is 
already expired, and in most will expire either in this or the next 
Month. That Gentleman, Ured with the Discouragements perpetu- 
ally given to the Service by the Commissioners, and with their par- 
ticular Treatment of him, has resigned his Commission; and there 
never having been a Lieutenant Colonel appointed to that Battallion, 
Major Burd has now the Command at Augusta. The Works there 
eond not be finished before the severe Season came on, but they will 
be soon compleated, if the Soldiers can be prevailed upon to con- 
tinue in the Service, which I very much doubt. They have done a 
great deal, and ought to have Encoumgement to do more, which it 
is not in my Power to give.^ 

Philadelphia, 10 April, 1757. 

I chuse to put what was done v?ith Lord Loudoun into a separate 
Letter. After settling the Operations of the ensuing Campaign, 
with the Eastern Governments, my Lord came here on the 14th 
March, and staid a Fortnight. He found the Governors of North 
Carolina, Virginia and Maryland, who had waited a long Time, im- 


patient to enter npon Bnshieas. Yon Mnll Bee by ilie Copiee of the 
Minntes of the Gonferenoes held with the GovernotB, the BeBult of 
the general Deliberations. These took np little Time -in eomparison 
of what was oonsamed in the consideration of the affairs of this 
infatuated Province; at which the Governors assisted. My Lord 
took tme Pains to make himself Master of the Points in Contro- 
versy. Besides pe/nsing the Bill and your Instractions, together 
with the Messages on both sides, bis Lordship desired Mr. Din- 
widdie, as having a long Experience in Business of this Nature, to 
study the main articles, and report his Opinion of them, which fao 
did. I was at the same Time requested to - put in writing all the 
Remarks, which in the opinion of the CouncU woud lye against the 
Bill, or the Assembly's long Defence of it, to which as yet no Reply 
had been made, and likewise to set forth the utmost of what ooud 
be conceded to^ the Assembly on my Part. These were read with 
the answers made thereto on the Part of the Assembly, which were 
drawn up by Mr. Franklin, and delivered to my Lord ; and then 
the whole was considered by his Lordship and the Governors. Iq 
the End, Mr. Franklin promised, that the Parts objected against, 
viz*., the loose Method of taxing, and the Number and Nomination 
of Assessors, should be rectified in another future Bill. These being 
by all thought unjust and oppressive. On this Deo-laration, and 
weighing the State of the Frontiers, together with the Necessity of 
immediate Supplies for thie Preservation of the Province, his Lord- 
ship was pleased to write a Letter upon the Subject, advising me, 
rather than break up the Forces, to pass the Bill, tho' against my 
Instructions : and this being approved by the other Governors, was 
delivered to me to be laid before the Council for my Justification in 
passing the Bill. Whilst this was under his Lordship's Considera- 
tion, an Express arrived from Shamokin with an account of the 
Arrival of a Number of Six Nation Indians from Sir William John- 
son, our known and hearty Friends, who informed the commanding 
officer, that a Body of French and Indians was making Canoes at 
the head of the West Branch of Susquehannah, with an Intent to 
oome and attack the Fort. This caused his Lordship to hasten his 
•dvice, as well as myself to pass the Bill without any further Delay, 
that the money might be forthwith sent to pay off the long arrears 
due to the Soldiers, who might thereby be induced to reenlist, their 
Times being out. The mode of enlisting in Practice Here has em- 
barrassed alLour Military System beyond Conception, some of the 
Soldiers being enlisted only for- three Months, some for six Months 
and others for a year. The Times of the Garrison then expiring, or 
near it, I told my Lord there woud not be a Soldier to defend the 
Place, in case the News proved true. My Lord ordered the Papers 
drawn up by Mr. Franklin to be copied, and gave them to me to 
consider, and in Confidence I send you those Copies for your own 
particular use. 

After fimshlng this main point, I took his Lordship's opinion on 


the Indian Trade BOl, and tbe Embargo Bill^ in botli which nijr 
Lord was clear the Asfiembly was extremely wrong. In the first hts 
Lordship observed with the other Governors, that thej had entirely 
excluded the King, and, his Majesty's Representative, tbe Governor, 
from having any Share in^Indian Affairs ; and in tho other, they 
had disobeyed his Majesty's Gdinmands signified in clear Terms by 
the Lords of Trade. I was in hopes they wood have presented me 
the Militia Bill whilst my Lord was here, that I might have had his 
Lordship's Assistance in making the proper Amendments ; but in 
this I was disappointed, for, knowing what sort of a Bill they had 
framed, it was, I am persuaded, detained on Purpose till my Lord 
was gone. His Lordship however was fully made acquainted with 
their Conduct and. Sentiments on this 0<M»»ion, and has I hope 
represented it to the Ministry, and furnished them with a Copy of 
the Bill which I sent to my Lord with a Letter on the Subject. 

The Defence of the Province was then taken into Considera- 
tion by his Lordship. After being made acquainted with the Face 
and Extent of the Frontier Country, and the State of the Three 
Battallions of the Provincial Forces, the following Disposition was 
agreed to : Col. Clapham & Lieutenant Colonels Weiser and Arm- 
strong present, Four Forte only were to remain over Sasqnehannab, 
vis., Lyttleton, Loudoun, Shippensburg and Carlisle^ which were td 
be garrisoned by the Eight Companies of Col. Armstrong's Battal- 
lion, two in each Fort; This wou'd allow large Patrolls to be kept 
constantly marching between Fort and Fort, who were frequently to 
change their Rout, patrolling sometimes within and sometimes with- 
out the Forts. My Lord was so good as to say he wou'd leave here 
Col. Stanwix with one half of the first Battallion of Royal Ameri- 
cans; and as he was to take Post in Cumberland County after the 
Forces were embarked for South Carolina, Col. Armstrong with a 
I)etachment of two or three hundred Men was to encamp at Ray's 
Town, or Frank's Town; and from thence to order scouting and 
ranging Parties, or otherwise act offensively against the Enemy, as 
Circumstances shou'd make it proper. 

The River Sasquehanafa by its Branches affording the French and 
Indians an easy Entrance into the Province, it was agreed that Four 
Hundred Men were necessary for the Defence of Fort Augusta, and 
that the Works shou'd be forthwith compleated ; That to preserve 
the Communication between the Inhabitants and this important 
Place, and for the Conveniency of Escorts and Transportation of 
Provisions and Ammunition, there shou'd be one hundred in Garri- 
son at Fort Halifax, and for the present Fifty at Hunter's Mill. 
These last were to be otherwise disposed of ^ when the Magaiine 
shou'd be removed from Hunter's, which it was determined shon'd 
be done as soon as possible, and the Fort there demolished. 

The long Frontier between Sasquehannah and Delaware was to be 
defended by Col. Weiser's Battallion, and all the Forts reduced to 
thiee only. Forts Henry, Allen and Hamilton, in each of which 


was to be a Ganisoii of One Hundred Men, the Bemainder was to 
employed in ranging or marching, where the Attacks of the Indiana 
shou'd make it necessary. 

You will observe the Manner in which the Forces are mentioned 
in the supplemental Act, but notwithsta^iding this Alteration of the 
disposition made by my Lord, it waa not thought proper to amend 
the Bill agreeable thereto, these Forces being in all Times and 
Circumstances subject to the Orders of his Majesty's General, or 
Those who shou'd have the Command in this Province, and to men- 
tion it, wou'd but have brought on a Dispute about the Bight of 
amending Money Bills. 

As the two hundred Men stipulated to be sent to South Carolina 
were to be draughted out of the Provincial Forces, You can easily 
perceive by the Account given of the State of those Forces that this 
Stipulation was understood by my Lord to be made on a Supposition, 
that all due Encouragement wou'd be given by the Commissioners, 
as well to induce the Men whose Times were out to re-enlist, as 
others to enter into the Service ;. in short, that all Methods wou'd 
bo taken to get the full Complement of Fourteen Hundred, or other- 
wise the Men cou'd not be spared. Under these Circumstances I 
have repeatedly made very warm Applications to the Commissioners 
to. allow the Omcers and Men the same as is given in the King's 
Service, or by the neighbouring Province, but have not as yet been 
able to prevail with them to do- any thing, and very much doubt if 
I shall be able to perform my Engagements to send those Forces off 
in Time. 

Act fok forming and Regulating the Militia, 1757, 

Be it carried to tb^ Governor. An Act for forming and Regulating 

the Militia within this Province. 

Whereas, in this Time of actual War with the French King and 
his Subjects, and his Savage Indian Allies, it is absolutely necessary 
for the Service of our most gracious Sovereign, the Defence and 
Security of this Colony, and the preservation of the Righte and 
Privileges of it's Inhabitante, that the Province be put into a proper 
Posture of Defence, and the Inhabitants thereof duly reflated, 
weU armed and expertly Disciplined in the Military Art, whereby they 
may be enabled under the Favour and Assistance of Divine Provi- 
dence to defend their Lives and Fortunes against the Hostile Inva- 
sion of his Majesties perfidious Enemies, to quel and suppress (2) any 
Intestine, Commotions, Rebellions, or Insurrections that may hap- 
pen tjierein, and to preserve those invaluable Rights and Privileges 
which they areenlituled to under the present Constitution and Form 
of Government. 


Be it therefore enacted by the Honourable William Denny, 
Eeqnire, Lieutenant-Goyemor, nnder the Honourable Thomas Penn 
aad BkAuurd Penn, Esquires,^ true and absolute Proprietaries of the 
ProTittce of Pennsylvania, and Counties of New Castle, Kent and 
Sosaex, upon Delaware, by and with the Advioe and Consent of the 
BepreaentatiTeB of the Freemen of said Proyinoe in General Assem- 
bly met, and by the Authority of the same, That the Sheriff of 
of each and every County of this Province by himself or his Deputy, 
shall, and he is hereby empowered wtd (8) required under the Penalty 
of Fifty Pounds within Fifteen Days after the Publication of this 
Aet, to issue his Precept to the Constable of every Township, Bur- 
rough or Ward in his County, ordering and directing him within 
three Days after the Receipt of such Pi^ept, to give Notice by pub- 
lick Advertisements to the Flreeholders of the Township, Burrough, 
or Ward wherein he resides, to meet together, on a certain Day, not 
less than Three nor more than Five Days, after such publick Notice 
given, at some convenient Place by him to be appointed and named 
ia said Advertisement, and then, and there, betwixt the Hours of 
Ten in the Morning and four in the Afternoon, by Tickets in 
Writing make choice of one discreet and reputable Freeholder 
of the same Township, Burrough or Ward, to be an Assistant to him 
the«atii(4) Constable in performiug the Duties required by this Act, 
who together with the said Assistant shall take down in Writing the 
Names and Surnames of every male person residing in the said 
Townships, Burroughs or Wards (Servants and Apprentices except- 
ed) above the age of Seventeen and under Fifty- Five Years, noting 
against every Name to what Religions Society each Person belongs, 
especially such as are Papists, or reputed Papists ; which said Lists 
the said Constables and their Assistants respectivelv shall, under the 
Penalty of Ten Pounds, make out and Betum to the Sheriff of the 
said County, who issued the Precept to him directed, within five 
Days after the said Assistant is chosen as* aforesaid, and shall, upon 
Oftth or Affirmation, declare the same to be a just and true Account 
to the best of their knatoledgey (5) which said Oath or Affirmation 
the said Sheriff is hereby authorized and enjoined to administer. 
And the Sheriff of every County within this Province, by himself, 
or his Deputy, with such reputable Freeholders, as he shall call to 
his Aaaistanoe shall, and he is hereby enjoined and required under 
the Penalty of Fifty Pounds, within three Days after the said Lists 
shall come to his Hands^ as aforsed, to divide his County into Dis- 
tricts or Divisions, allottmg so many adjacent Townships, Burroughs 
and Wards together, as they shall by the help of said Lists judge 
will farnisb a Company of male persons cdpable of bearing Arms, 
eonsbting of not less than Sixty, nor exceedinff an hundred men ; 
exclofdve of such Persons as are noted in the said Lists to belong to, 
or frequent those Religious Socities or Congregations, whose Tenets 
and Principles (6) are against bearing arms, and all Papists, and re- 
puted Papists ; whereupon the said Sheriff, by himself or his Deputys 
Vol. IIL— 6 


.sbalU immediately send his Order or Preoept to the Constable snd 
Assistants of every each district or divisions so made in 4iis said 
County, directing them to give at lea#t Two Days pnblick notice to 
the Freeholders of each District that they meet together in some 
conTenient Place within the same, on the Day by him, the said 
SherifiP, to be warned and appointed, in the said Order or Precept, 
te choose Militia Officers. And the said Assistants or Constables of 
each District shall then and tbere attend, and be tho Judges of the 
said Election, receive the Votes, appoint Clerks, if occasion be, and 
proceed to elect, by majority of votes, in the way of Ballot, a Gap- 
tain, (7) Lieutenant and Ensign, and shall, on the close of the said 
Election, certify the same under their Hands and Seals to the Gover- 
nor or Commander in Chief for the Time being for his approbatioo, 
which Officers, so chosen, if approved and Commissioned by bim, 
shall be the Captain, Lieutenant and Ensign of that District and 
iJivisidn according to their Commissions, Provided always that no 
Papist, or reputed Papist, shall be allowed or admitted to give bis 
Vote for, or be chosen an Officer of the Militia, within any oNtbe 
Districts, within this Province, and that no Person or Persons what- 
soever shall be chosen, certified or Commissionated as Captain of a 
Company unless he be possessed of a Freehold worth One Hundred 
and Fifty Pounds, or be otherwise worth within the Province, the 
Sum of Three hundred Pounds ; nor as a Lieutenant, unless he be 
possessed of a Freehold worth One Hundred Pounds, or be other- 
wise worth, within the Province, the (8) Sum of Two Hundred 
Pounds ; nor as an Ensign, unless he be possessed of a Freehold 
worth fifty Pounds, or otherwise worth, within the Province, the 
sum of One Hundred Pounds lawful Money of this Province, clear 
of all Incumbrances ; nor shall any Person or Persons, within the 
several Counties of this Province, who shall have or keep any pub- 
lick Inn, Tavern, Ale-House, Tippling House, Dram Shop, Victual- 
ing House, or public House of Entertainment, be chosen, certified 
or Commissionated as any of the Officers aforesaid, or as <!olone], 
Lieutenant Colonel or Major of any Regiment within this Province, 
but every such Person, in the said several Counties, are hereby de- 
clared to be disabled from holding or exercising, any such Offices 
during such their Business and Employment. 

And (9) be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That every 
Captain within this Province^ who shall be commissionated by Vir- 
tue of this Act, shall within Three Days afi«r Receipt of his said 
Commission repair to the Sheriff of his County, and receive and 
take from him the. List or Lists returned by the Constable or Consta- 
bles of the Township, or Townships, Burroughs or Wards of hb 
District or Division ; and from thence, forthwith, make out a Mus- 
ter Roll of all the Male Person sin the said District, from Seventeen 
to Fifty-five Years of Age snoh Persons noted in the said Lists, 
whose Tenets and Religious Principles are against bearing Arms, 
and all Papists and reputed Papists only excepted. 


[Rider.'] [^nef be it enacted by the Aathoritj aforesaid, That in GaM 
of aDj Dispute concerning the age of any Person, the same shall 
be determined before any Magistrate of the County in which such 
Dispute shall arize, by the Oath or Affirmation of the Person whose 
a£e is in Question, or any other legal Proof or credible Witnesp.^ 

Aud be it enacted, That eyery of the Persons so as aforesaid 
enrolled, not eonsdentious^y (10) scrupling the use of An^s, shall 
be safficiently armed with One good Musket, Fuzee or other Fire- 
lock well fixed, a Cutlass, Bayonet or Tomhawk, a Cartouch Box 
filled with Twelve or more Cartridges of Powder, Twelve or more 
mseable Bullets, and Three good Flints, and shall appear and attend 
in their proper Persons, with the Accoutrements, Arms and Ammu« 
nition aforesaid, in good order, on the first Mondays in the Months 
of June, August, November and March, at the place appointed by 
their respective Captains, or superior Officers, for Mustering their 
respective Companies; and on the second Monday in October, at the 
Place to be appointed by the Colonel for the Mustering of the Begi- 
meot, in Order to be taught and disciplined in the Military Exer- 
cise, and shall continue under Arms any Time (11) not exceeding 
Six Hours, on each of the Days aforesaid, and that every such Per- 
son so attending, whilst at Mus er and on Duty, shall oxecute and 
perform all their proper Services, and obey the just and reasonable 
Commailds and Orders of their respective Officers, under the Penalty 
of any Sum not exceeding Five Shillings, nor less than One 

And be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That every Person 
so enrolled, that does not belong to suc^ Societies as conscientiously 
scrapie the bearing of Arms, that shall not appear, at the Time, and 
places aforesaid, compleatly armed and accoutred as aforesaid to 
the satisfaction of his Superior Officers, who is hereby declared to 
be Judge thereof^ shall forfeit and pay on Demand the Sum of Four 
Shillings for every such (12) Offence, to be paid to the Clerk of 
the Troop or Company to which he belongs, except in cases of Sick- 
ness or Imprisonment. And that the Fines and Forfeitures of every 
Young Man, above Seventeen and under Twenty One Years of Age, 
liring with their Parents, incurred by Virtue of this Act, shall be 
paid by their Parents and recovered in manner herein after directed, 

[Rider.'] [And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid 
That if the Captain, Lieutenant and Ensign, or any two of them 
shall adjudge any Person or Persons enrolled as aforesaid, and ap- 
pearing on the Days of Muster hereinbefore appointed, to be incapa- 
ble of Providing and furnishing him or themselves with the Arms, 
Ammunidon and Accoutrements required by this Act, every such 
Person, so appearing, shall be exempt from the Fines and Forfeitures 
imposed by Virtue of this Act, until such Arms, Ammunition and 
Accoutrements shall be provided for and delivered to him. 

And that if the Commissioners of any County shall adjudge any 
«nch Person or Persons, who are exempted from attending on, or 


performing, the Military Duties enjoined bj this Act, incapable of 
paying tHe Sum of Twenty Shillings hereby ordered and directed to 
DC paid by him or them, the said Commissioners are hereby enjoined 
and required to acquit and discharge every such Person or Persons 
from the same.] 

And be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the Captain, 
Lieutenant and Ensign of every Troop or Company of the severd 
Counties within this Province shall, and they arc hereby empowered 
and required to chuse a Clerk, Serjeant and Corporal, for the said 
Company, which said Qerk shall give his Attendance with his 
Sword by his Side on every of the Muster Days aforesaid, call over 
the (18) Roll of the Company, and take Notice of the Persons 
who are absent on each of the said Muster Days, and return upon 
Oath a true List of the Absentees forthwith to his said Captain. 
And shall also, before the Troop or Company shall proceed to their 
Exercise, read distinctly, and with an audible Voice, at the Head 
of the Troop or Company, the Clauses of this Act, relative to the 
Duty of private men while under Arms, on the Days of Trainini;, 
or in actual Service in Time of any Invasion. 

And the said Clerks, Serjeants and Corporals so appointed shall, 
at the Ti^cs aforesaid, also discharge and perform all the Duties 
that respectively appertain to their Offices, and shall strictly obey 
the legal and reasonable Commands of their Superior Officers, un- 
der the (14) Penalfif of any sum not exceeding Ten Shillings, nor 
less than Five Shillings. 

And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the Captaip or 
Commanding officer of every Troop or Company, shall deliver to the 
Colonel or Commanding officer of the Regiment to which he be- 
longs, herein after directed to be chosen and appointed, in two D<iys 
after required so to do, a true and cdmpleat Roll or List of all Per- 
sons belonging to his Troop or Company, under the Penalty of Five 
Pounds, and every such Colonel or Commanding Officer, shall forth- 
with, after the Receipt of such Roll or List, deliver or^end the same 
^keeping a Copy thereof,) to the Governor or Commander in Chief 
tor the Time being, under the Penalty of Twenty Pounds. 

And be it enacted by the authority aforeiaid, (15) That all and 
every of the officers and private men, being commissioned and en- 
rolled as aforesaid, in the Militia of this Province, shall within Six 
Days after they are so commissioned and enrolled, be formed and 
divided into Regiments, in such manner as the Governor or Com- 
mander in Cheiffor the Time being, shall order, direct, and appoint. 
And the said officers, within Ten Days after they shall be so as afore- 
said formed into Regiments, shall meet, at such Time and Place as 
they or a Majority of them shall appoint, within the Limits of the 
several Districts, out of which the Regiments are formed, and by a 
Majority of Votes, by Way of Ballot, proceed to chuse their Field 
officers, Viz^, a Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel, and Major, for their 
several Regiments, and by a certificate under the Hands and (16) 


Seals of sncli Majority certify the Names of the Persons so chosen, 
to the Governor or Commander in Chief for the Time being, which 
Officers 80 chosen, if approved and Commissioned by the Governor 
or Commander in Chief, shall be the Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel 
and Major of that Regiment, according to their Commissions: Pro- 
vided always, that every Colonel, so chosen, shall be possessed of a 
real Estate in this Province worth Five Hundred Pounds : the Lieu- 
tenant Colonel be possessed of a real Estate worth Four Hundred 
Poands, and the Major be possessed of a real Estate worth Three 
Handred Pounds, or double the Value in Personal Estate, and not 

And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any Number 
of men, not less than (17) Thirty, nor exceeding Sixty, including 
Officers, belonging to any of the Regiments within this Province, 
shall desire to form themselves into a Troop of Horse, it shall and 
may be lawful for such Persons, by and with the Assent of the Co- 
lonel of the Regiment, to form themselves into a Troop, and give a 
List of their Names to the Colonel, and by Majority of Votes, by 
Way of Ballot, in the Presence of the . said Colonel,' to proceed to' 
chose a Captain, Lieutenant and Coronet; and the said Colonel shall, 
forthwith, make Return of the same, under his Hand and Seal, to 
the Governor or Commander in Chief for the Time being, which Of- 
ficers, so chosen, if approved of and Commissioned by the Governor 
or Commander in Chief for the Time being, shall be the Captain, 
Lieutenant and Coronet of that Troop, according to their Commis- 
sion. Arid (18) when the commanding Officers of the said Troop 
are ready, and shall exercise the said Troop, and not before, the said 
Persons so enrolled in the said Troop, shall be, and are exefbpted 
from their Service in the Foot Companies. 

And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid. That every Trooper, 
while he shall be on Duty, shall be {Provided with a good serviceable 
Horse, not less than Fourteen Hands high, with a good Bridle, Sad- 
dle, Holsters, Housing, Breast-Plate and Crupper, a Case. of good 
Pistols, a good Sword or Hanger, Twelve Cnarges of Powder, 
Twelve sizeable Bullets, a pair of Boots with suitable Spurrs, and a 
Carabine well fixed with a good Belt Swivel and Buckets^ 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the 
Colonel or other commandiftg (19) Officer for the Time being of 
each respective Regiment, who shall fail to draw out, muster and 
Exercise the same together once in every Year, shall forfeit, for 
every such offence the Sum of Twenty Pounds, or every Captain of 
a Troop or Company, who shall fail to appear as directed by this act, 
or appearing, fail or neglect to exercise the Troop or Company under 
bis Command, every such Captain so offending, shall for every such 
offence or Neglect, forfeit and pay the Sum of Ten Pounds y and 
every Lieutenant. Coronet or Ensign, who shall not appear, or ap- 
pearing shall not perform his Duty, shall forfeit and pay the Sum of 
Five Pounds'. 


And be it farther enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if the 
Oovernor or Commander in Chief shall not grant his Commission to 
any (20) of the Officers that shall be chosen and certified to him 
according to the Directions of this act, within three Days after he 
shall receive such Certificate, or if any such Officer being Commis- 
sionated, shall die, be rendered incapable, or promoted to a superior 
Office in the Militia, In every such Case two other Persons shall be 
elected and certified in the Room and stead of such Person, to whom 
such Commissions shall be refused, or omitted to be granted, or in 
the Room of such Person dying, being rendered incapable, or pro- 
moted to a superior Office as aforesaid, and presented to the Gover- 
nor or Commander in Chief for the Time being, in the same manner 
as is directed by this Act for the Election and certifying to him the 
Person in the first Instance, whose place is' intended to be supplied : 
One of which said two (2V) Persons so chosen and ccrtifyed, the Go- 
vernor or Commander m Chief for the Time being, shall commis- 
sionate, and the Person so commissionated shall be the Officer ac- 
cording to his Commission : And if the Governor or Commander in 
Chief for the Time being shall not commissionate any of .the Officers 
last aforesaid, so chosen and certified within Three Days after the 
Receipt l>f such Certificate, the highest in Votes, or first named in 
. such Certificate, if equal in Votes shall be the Officer as aforesaid, 
as fully to all Intents and Purposes, as if he had^been duly com- 
missionated according to the Directions of this Act. And if any 
Person that shall be chosen and certified to the Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief for the Time being, shall refuse to accept of a Com- 
mission agreeable to his Election, it shall and may be lawful for the 
Goveilior or Commander in (22) Chief for the Time being, ia his 
stead, to commissionate any such Person within that District as he 
shall think proper, provided he be qualified as is in such Cases by 
this Act ordered and directed. ' 

And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that if any Number 
of Men, in or near the City of Philadelphia, not less than Sixty, 
Dor exceeding One Hundred Men, to a Company, including Officers, 
shall desire to form themselves into one or more Artillery Company 
or Companies, not exceeding three Companies, for managing tho 
Artillery belonging to the Province, itnd the Battery or Fort near the 
said City, provided nothing herein contained shall be construed to af- 
fect, alter, change or takeaway the right and title of the private owners 
of the Soil ob which the said Battery or Fort is erected. It shall and 
may be lawful for such Persons, (23) by and with the Assent of the 
Governor or Conotnander in Chief for the Time being, to form them* 
selves ioyto an Artillery Company or Companies as aforesaid, ^ve a 
List or Lists of their Names to their Colonel, and. by Majority of 
Votes, by Way of Ballot, in the Presence of the said Colonel, to 
proceed to chuse a Captain, first and second Lieutenant, for each 
Company; And the said Colonel shall forthwith make Return of the 
samC; under his Hand and Seal^ to the Governor or Commander in 


Cinef for the Thne being, wlicii officers so choeen, if approved of 
tnd commiasioned by Him, shall be the Captain, first and second 
Lieutenant of that Company, according to their Commissioos ; And 
the Officers and |Nrivate Men of such Artillery Company shall at- 
tend, with the Arms, Ammunition (24) and Accoutrements afore- 
Baid, on the Artillery Exercise, on the Days and Time herein before 
menUoned and appointed for the Mustering and Training of the 
Militia, and have a Clerk to perform the same Duties as are herein 

And for the more effectual Defence and Protection of the Inhabi- 
tants of this Province, against actual Invasions, Rebellions and In- - 
gQirections, Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That in Case 
of any actual Invasion, Rebellion or Insurrection, by such a number 
of Men as may endanger the general Safety of the Province, all Offi* 
cers of the Militia shall have full power and Authority, in their re* 
specUve Stations and Divisions, and they are hereby enjomed, di- 
rected and commanded, to raise forthwith the Militia under their 
Command, and to dispatch immediate Intelligence to their Com- 
manding (25) Officers, informing them in what Manner thev intend 
to act & proceed. And the Commanding Officers of such Regi- 
ment shall foirthwith dispatch an Express to the Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief for the Time being with a full Account thereof, 
and in what manner he or they intend to act or proceed ; And the 
Officers aforesaid shall, in the mean Time, keep the Militia under 
their Command under Arms. And the Commanding Officer of every 
Begiment within this Province, with the Consent and Approbation 
of the Grovernor or Commander in Chief for the Time being, hath 
hereby fall Power and Authority, in Time of actual Invasion, In- 
surrection or Rebellion, to draw together the Militia under his 
Command, and march them to such Places within this Province as 
he shall judge most convenient for. opposing the Enemy, or Quell- 
ing (26) or suppressing any RelTellion or Insurrection, and to such 
Place or Places within this P]:ovince as he shall be commanded or 
directed by the Governor or Commander in Chief for the Time be- 
ing. And every Field Officer who shall willfully neglect or refuse 
to perform his Duty herein required, in the Time of actual Inva- 
sion, Rebellion or Insurrection, shall forfeit the sum of One Hun- 
dred Pounds Current lawful monev ; And every Captain or other 
Commissioned Officer, for his Neglect or Refusal to perform his 
Duty at such Time as aforesaid, shall forfeit Fifty Pounds like 
money ; And every non-commissioned Officer and private Soldier of 
the Militia, for his Neglect'or Refusal to perform bis Duty at such 
Tiroes as aforesaid, shall forfeit Ten Pounds like money. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid , (27) That 
every Person belonging to the Militia of this Province, upon Notice 
of such Invasion, Insurrection or Rebellion, in any manner what- 
soever, shall immediately repair, with his proper Arms, Ammuni- 
tion and Accoutrements herein before mentioned, and directed to be 


provided by him, to }iis Ooloars or Parade, tinder the Penalty of 
Ten Pounds, which Parade shall be the Habitation of the Captain or 
CommaQding Officer, unless he shall otherwise direct and appoint 

And whereas in time of actual Service, in the Time of such In* 
yasion as aforesaid, Ibsurrection or Rebellion, it is necessary that the 
Private men be held to a more strict Discipline, than at other Times 
mi^ht be expedient : Be it therefore enacted by the authority afore- 
said. That (28) if any Officer or Private man of the Militia of this 
Province, in time of actual Service, in the Time of Invasion, Ineur* 
rection or Rebellion, shall wittingly of willingly excite, cause or join 
in any Mutiny or Sedition, in any Regiment, Troop, Company, 
Party, Quard, or Detachment of the Militia, or shall leave his Post 
or Station without the Orders of his proper Officer, every Field Of- 
ficer shall forfeit and pay the Sum of One Hundred Pounds ; And 
every Captain and other Commissioned Officer the Sum of Fifty 
Poands; and every non-commissioned Officer and private Man the 
Sum of Teb Pounds current Money for every such Offence. And if 
any Person or Persons shall wittingly hold any Correspondence with 
any Rebel or Enemy, or give any Rebel or Enemy Advice or Intel- 
ligence by Letter, Message, Sign (29) or Tokens, in any manner 
whatsoever, every such Person so offending, being legally convicted 
thereof, shall suffer Death, without Benefit of Clergy. 

And if any Person whatsoever, in the Time of actual Invasion, 
Insurrection or Rebellion aforesaid, shall strike or use any Violence 
to his Superior Officer, or refuse or wilfully neglect to obey his 
reasonable Orders, such Person so offending shall forfeit and pay any 
Sum not exceeding Five Pounds like money. 

And whereas there are in this Province a great numhier of Persons 
of different religious Persuasions, who conscientiously scruple tb 
bear Arms, and yet in Time of Invasion and Danger would freely 
perform sundry Services equally necessary and advantageous to the 
Public, Therefore be it provided and^ enacted by the authority afore- 
iatd, (30) That all Quakers, Menonists, Moravians, and other con- 
scientiously scrupulous of bearing Arms, who shall appear on any 
Alarm with th% Militia, though without Arms, and be ready to obey 
the Commands of the Officers in the following Particulars, that is to 
say, In extinguishing Fires in any City or Township, whether kin- 
dled by the En^my from without, or by traiterous Inhabitants with- 
in } in suppressing Insurrections of Slaves or other evil minded Per- 
sons during an attack; in carrying off and taking Care of the 
Wounded } in conveying Intelligence as Expresses or Messengers ; 
in carrying Refreshments to such as are on Duty, and in conveying 
away to such Places of Safety as the Commanding Officer shall ap- 
point, the Women and Children, aged, infirm and wounded, ¥pith 
the Effects (31) that are in Danger of falling into the Hands of the 
Enemy ; Such Persons so appearing on any Alarm, and performing 
the Services aforesaid, when required^ shall, and they are hereby do 


elared to be free and exempt from the Penalties of this Act^ inflieted 
00 Persons refusing to appear under Arms on such Occasions. 

And whereas upon certain Emergencies in Time of sach general 
Invasion, Insurrection or Rebellion, it may be necessary to keep 
military Watch and Ward, Be it therefore enacted by the authority 
aforesaid, that in such Time of Danger it shall and may be lawful 
for the Governor or Commander in Chief for the Time being, to 
order and direct a military Watch to be kept in such Place or Places 
within this Province as he shall appoint And the Colonel or (32) 
next C<mimanding Officer in each respective County, where such 
Watch shall be appointed to be kept, to whom such Directions shall 
he given, shall issue out his Orders to the several Captains under 
his Command, to appoint so many men to appear with their Arms, 
Ammanitions and Accoutrements aforesaid, at such Times and Places 
as such Colonel or Commanding Officer shall appoint, which Watch 
80 appointed shall from Time to Time be relieved by men equally 
drafted from the several Regiments and Companies of the said Coun- 
ties, as they were first enrolled by the Constable or his Assistant ; 
Aod every Person or Persons, who shall be warned by his Com* 
manding Officer, or by Order under his Hand upon, such Service, 
shall serve on such Watch, or find a sufficient or well-armed man in 
his Room, under the Penalty (38) of Ten Shilling for every such 
Neglect or Refusal^ And if any Person shall leave or direct the 
said Watch until he is relieved by some other Person appointed by 
the Commanding Officer to watch in his Room, he shall forfeit the 
Sam of Forty Shillings : Provided always, that no Person or Per- 
sons whatsoever shall he obliged to continue longer on the said Watch 
than Twenty four Hours at one Time^ any Thing in this Act con- 
tained to the contrary notwithstanding. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every 
Gentry upon Ward or Watch, who shall challenge any Person or 
Persons Three Times, Audibly and Distinctly, and the Person or 
Persons so challenged shall refnse to answer, or give an account of 
him or Themselves, may lawfully fire upon such Person or Persons 
so challenged, toiihout (84) being impeached or prosecuted for the 
same, any Law, Usagoior Custom to the Contrary Notwithstanding; 
And the Officer of such Watch, upon the approach of any Enemy, 
shall make such Signals and give Alarms as shall be directed by the 
Officer appointing him; And every Officer and Soldier, upon hear- 
ing snch Alarms or seeing such Signals, shall immediately repair to 
their Colours or Parade, and obey such Orders as shall in such Case 
be given by his superior Officer, for calling together the Company, 
Troop or Regiment to which he belongs, and for marching the same 
to any Pbce (x Places against the Enemy, or to suppress any Inva- 
sion, Insurrection or Rebellion, that may happen within this Pro- 

Provided nevertheless, that the Descent or (85) Incursion of any 
small Skulking Party or Parties of Indians and French, such as the 



Frontier CoQnties haye been heretofore invested with, ehall not be 
deemed, eonstmed or taken to be snob Time of General and Actual 
Invasions, as shall subject the whole Militia of the Province to the 
Fines, Penalties and Forfeitures herein imposed, on their Defaults, 
Neglects or Offences in Time of a General and Actual Invasion, Re- 
"bellion and Insurrection: Kor shall extend to give the Oaptain Ge- 
neral any Power or Anithority to Baise the Jtlilitia of the Province, 
or draw them out of their proper Counties. Provided always never- 
theless. That it shall & may be lawful, and the Commanding Offie^ 
of each and every Begiment, Troop or Company within the Coun* 
ties of Cumberland, York, Lancaster, Berks and Northampton, are 
hereby (36) enjoined and commanded, in Case of any such Desoeat 
or Incursion as aforesaid, upon, or into their respective Counties, to 
raise the Militia under their Command, or so much thereof as they 
shall think necessary, and to march them forthwith to such Place or 
Haces as they shall judge most convenient and necessary for repel* 
ling, pursuing, killing and destroying the said Enemies. 

And that the Commanding Officers of each of the Begiments in 
the respective Counties last aforesaid, in Ciise of real Bmergencies 
happening in their said respective Counties, shall and are hereby em- 
powered and required, as before directed, to appoint such Military 
Watch to be kept in the Town, Borough, Township or Pkoe, be 
shall think necessary, sending immediate Notice thereof to the Go- 
vernor or Commander in Chief (^7) for the Time being, to the End 
the same may be continued or not, as he shall think expedient, and 
every Defaulter or Person who shall neglect to attend >on such 
Watch, being duly warned, or not yield Obedience to his Superior 
Officer, or ref^ise or neglect to do his Duty, shall be liable to the 
same Penalties as in Case the said Watch was established by Order 
of the Commander in Chief as aforesaid. 

And whereas many of the Arms and Military Accoutrements, 
which have been purchased at the Public Expence, and delivered to 
the Inhabitants of this Province, are dispersed among the People, 
or converted to Private Use : To the End therefore. That the said 
Arms & military Accoutrements may be recovered and disposed of 
in such manner as to render them of (38) Public Service, Be it en- 
acted by the authority aforesaid. That the Captain of every Troop 
or Company shall, within Ten Days after the Beceipt of his Commis^ 
sion, fix up Advertisements at the most Public Places within his 
District, commanding every Person, to whom such Arms or Military 
Accoutrements have been delivered, or in whose Custody, Possession 
or Powerthey may or shall happen to be, to produce and doliver the 
same on the first Muster Day for the Public Use ; And in Case of 
Neglect .or Befnsal to produce and deliver the Arms and Military 
Accoutrements as aforesaid, then the said Captain shall issue his 
Warrants to his several Serjeants or Corporals, commanding them to 
ask for, demand and receive, of all and every such Person or Fer-~ 
sons, all such Arms or MUUary (39) Aoooutrements belonging to 


tkfl Proviaee aforeaaid, wbich aud Wanant the aatd Seijeaiits off 
Corporals are hereby required aad eojoiDed; on Beeeipt Ibereof, 
faithfally and carefully to execute, to the best of their Skill and 
Knowle^e ; and if any such Person or Persons hariDg any Arms or 
Military Aocontrements belonging to the Provinoe, after Demand 
Made of them as aforesaidy shall willfully neglect or refuse to 
dfiliYer the same. Them it shall and may be lawM for the Giq>tBiB 
of any Troop or Company, or other superior Officer, as often as he 
or they shall be informed or suspect that any of the Arms or Mili* 
tary Acooatrements belonging to the Public shall be in the Gustodyi 
Poasessiott or Power of, or be concealed by any such Person or Per* 
sons, of whom the same have been demaodecl (40) as aforesaid, he 
shall issoe his Warrant to his Seijeant or Corporal to seise and take 
such Arms and Military Accoutrements, and bring them, together 
with such such Person before the next Justice of the Peace, and if 
it shall appear on a due & legal Trial & Ezaminatioo, that the same 
do belong to the Pnblio, they shall remain seised, and the said Per« 
son shall pay the Sum of Forty Shillings correat Money for each 
Fbrelock, so as i^oresaid belonging to the Public, in which Trial and 
Ezamkiation the Proof of the Properly shall lie on the Person in 
whose Possession the same shall be. And if any Captain shall omit 
or neglect to set up suoh Advertisements, or issue such Warrants 
as aforesaid, he shall forfeit the Sum of Tea Pounds; And every 
Seijeant or Corporal neglecting or refusing (41) to perform the Dn* 
ties required of him or them by this Act, shall for every such of« 
fence forfeit and pay the Sum of Twenty Shillings, to be recovered 
by the Clerk of the Company as is herein directed. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every 
Captain, by or to whom such Arms or Military Accoutrements shidl 
be delivered or received, shall give Beceipts for the same, and forth* 
with deliver them to such Person or Persons under his Command, as 
he shall judge incapable of Purchasing or providing the same, tak- 
ing a Beeeipt for the said Arms and Military Accoutrements, with 
a Promise therein contained to return the said Arms & Military Ao-^ 
coutrements in good Order, unavoidable Accidents only excepted,' 
whenever demanded ) of all which the mid (42) Captains shall keep 
a true and just Account, to be lead before the Colonel of the Begi- 
^ ment to which he belongs, as often as thereunto required by the 
said Colonel, who shall forthwith make Report thereof to the Qo* 
vemor or Commander in Chief for the Time being. 

And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid. That all Arms, Mi- 
litary Aecoutrements, Gun Powder and Ammunition, of what kind 
soever, any Papist or reputed Papist within this Province, hath or 
shaH have in his House or Houses, or elsewhere. One Month after 
the publication of this Act, shall be taken from such Papist or re- 
plied Papist, by Warrant, under the Hands and Seals of any two 
Justices of the Peace, who are hereby empowered and required to 
issue a Warrant for Sea«ih as often as they shall reccioe (4B) Infer 


■latioiiy or have good Oanse to sospeet tbe CSoncealment of Anas 
and AmmuDitioii in the Honsea of any Papist or reputed Papist; 
And the said Arms, Military AocoutrementS; Onn Powder, and 
Ammunition so taken, shall be delivered to the Colonel of the Re^* 
ment within whose District the said Arms are fonnd, by him to be 
safely kept for the Publio Use. And if any snch Papist or repated 
Papist shall have any Arms, Military AocooArements, Onn Powda 
or Ammunition, after the Time so as aforesaid limited, the same 
being so seized, shall be forfeited ; And if any such Papist or re- 
puted Papist shall attempt to conceal such Arms, Military Acooa* 
trements, Gun Powder and Ammunition as aforesaid, or refuse to 
declare or manifest the same to the said Justices of the Peace, or 
to any other Person authorised by WarrafU (44) to search for, 
seize and take the same, every such Person so offending shall be im- 
prisoned by Warrant from the said Justices for the Space of Three 
Months, without Bail or Mainprise. 

And whereas all Papisteand reputed Papists are hereby exempted 
from attending and performing the Military Duties enjoined by this 
Acton the Days and Times appointed for the same. And never- 
theless will partake of and enjoy the Benefit, Advantage add Pro- 
ieetion thereof, Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, 
That every male Papist or reputed Papist, between the age of Seven- 
teen and Fifty five Years, within the several Districts or Divisions bo 
to be made by the Sheriff of each County within this Province, shall 
and thoy are hereby (45) enjoined & required to pay on Demand to 
the Captain of the Company of the District in which he resides, the 
Sum of Twenty Shillings to be recovered of him, in case of his 
Neglect or Befusal, in the same manner as the Fines and Forfeit- 
turesof the Persons enrolled in the Militia, are hereby directed to 
be recovered, *and applied to the same Purposes as the said Fines 
and Forfeitures are directed by this Act to be, applied. And that 
the Parente of every such Male reputed Papist, above Sevente<m 
Years of Age, and under Twenty -one, shall pay the said sum of 
Twenty Shillings for every such Minor under the Age last aforesaid. 
', And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that no Innholder 
or any other Person whatsover, shall presume to sell any strong 
Liquor (46) to any of the Persons attending on Military Service, 
on such Times as they aro directed to appear in Arms, at the place ^ 
of Mi:^tering or Training, or within two miles thereof, until after 
they shall be dismissed for that Day, under the Penalty of Forty 
Shillings, to be recovered before any Justice of the Peace in a Sum- 
jtnary way as Debts under Forty Shillings are directed by Law to be 
recovered; One half to the Person who shall sue for the same and 
ihe other half to be paid into the Provincial Treasury for the Sup- 
port of Government : Provided always that nothing herein contain- 
ed shall be construed to extend to any Licensed Tavern or Or(finary 
Keeperi who shall vend or sell any strong Liquor^ in his or her 


Hoose, it not lieing to any Person of the Militia, or lor the we of 
8Qeh Persons. * 

And (47) be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that all Fines, 
Penalties and Forfeitures inenrred by Tirtoe of this Act, by any 
Person whatsoeycr, that do not exceed Five Pounds, shall be paid 
fm Demand by the Person or Persons from whom due, to the Cleric 
of the Company to which he or they belong, and if any Person or 
Psnons shall neglect or refuse to pay snch Fines, Forfeitores and 
Penalties, the same shall be sued for and recovered by WarranI ec 
Summons to be, issued by the Captain of the Distriot in which sueb 
Person or Persons shall reside, under his Hand and Seal, directed to 
the Clerk, Serjeant or Corporal of the Company of the said District; 
And the said Captain having heard and determined the matter in a 
Summary Way, the said Fines, Forfeitures and Penalties shall be 
kvied (48) by Dbtress and Sale of the Offenders Goods & Chattels, 
aod in case no such Goods and Chattels are to be found, by Imprison- 
ment of the Body. And the said Fines and Forfeitures when 
received by the Clerk of each respective Company, shall by him be 
paid to the Captain of his Company, retaining Ten per Centum iot 
m Trouble in Colfecting, levying and receiving the same and no 
more; and by the said Captain l^ applied towards purchasing Arms 
and Ammunition for such as are not capable of providing the same, 
and Drums and Colours for his said Company. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that all 
Fioes, F<Hrfeitures & Penalties inenrred by virtue of this Act by 
any Person or Persons whatsoever, that do exceed the Sum (49) of 
Five Pounds for Breach or neglect of his or their Duty snail be 
paid on Demand of the Colonel of the Regiment to which such Per- 
son doth belong, to be recovered, in Cose of Neglect or Refusal to 
pay the same, by Action of Debt, Bill, Plaint or Information, in any 
Court of Record within this Province, wherein no Essoin Protection 
or Wager of Law, nor more than one Imparlance shall be allowed ; 
One half port thereof to the said Colonel, or such Person who shsU 
sue for the same, and the other Half part thereof to be paid into 
the Provindal Treasury for the Support of Ooverlknent, and that 
all Fines, Penalties and Forfeitures inflicted by this Act on the 
Cobnel for Refusal or Neclect of his Duty, shall be paid by him ' 
^ to the Provincial Treasurer for the (50) Time being, and in Case of 
his Neglect or Refusal, to be recovered by any Person or Persons 
who will sue for the same, in Manner and Form last aforesaid ; one 
half thereof to the Prosecutor; and the other Half to be paid into 
the Provincial Treasury, for Support of Oovemment. 

And be itrTurther enacted by 'the Authority aforesaid, that if any 
Captain of the Militia within this Province, shall refuse or negleet 
to issue hb Warrant, or otherwise prosecute with Effect, for the 
several Fines, Pendties and Forfeitures hereby made recoverable bo> 
fore or by him, he shall forfeit and pay for every such Offence the 
Sum of Twenty Pounds current Money. And bo it eiiiacted by the 


Authority Aforesaid, that every Captaifi of ^e Militia withiD ibis 
Province Bhall yearly aooount %itb the Treasurer of bis Gompaoj for 
the Time being for all sueb Fioesy Forfeitures and Penalties by him 
veoovered or reoeived by Virtae of this Aot and pay the sarplnaage, 
if any, to him ; and that the said Oounty Treasurer shall keep (51) 
fiur and regular Aooounts of all Sums that shall be so paid to him, 
and by whom, in a Book to be kept for that Purpose; And shall 
also annually aoeonnt with the Provincial Treasurer, who shall 
Mnder an Account thereof to the Assembly of this Province : Pro* 
Tided always that no Clerk, Collector or other Officer hereby em- 
powOTcd to serve Prooees, or to make Diatrsssos, shall do the same in 
as exorbitant & unreasonable manner^ under the Penalty of Fi?e 
Pounds ; but shall as near as may be take and levy, on such or so 
much Gtoods and Chattels of the Offender, as shall be sufficient to 
pay the Debt and Costs, if such Goods and Chattds there are to be 
found, and that the same shall be done io the Presence of oae 
veputable Freeholder at least; and, after Sale thereof the said 
Clerk or other Officers shall pay the said Dobt and Forfeiture (52> 
to the Officer before whom the same was recovered, and return the 
Overpluss, to the Owner thereof^ after deducting the reasonable and 
necessary charges that may arise by Virtue of this Aot on such sale : 
Provided always that no such DistresiEi be made on any Arms, Mili* 
tary Accoutrements, or Ammunition, ordered to be provided by 
Persons enlisted under this Aot. 

And for as much as the Parliament of Qreat Britain has thought 
It to exempt the Church or Congregation cidled Unitas Fratrum or 
United Brethren from bearing Arms, or personally serving in any 
Military Capacity upon their paying a reasonable Equivalent or Com* 
pensation for such Scnrice; And there are divers other religious 
Sooaeties of Christians in this Province, whose Conscientious Persoa- 
sions are against bearing Arms, who are neverikekti (53) wUling and 
desirous to promote the Public Peaoe and Safety : Therefore be it 
enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the Captain of the Com- 
pany of each District in every County of this Province shall within 
Six Months aftet he reoeives his Commission, cause his Clerk to 
make out a fair Duplicate or true Copy of the Betura made by the 
* Constable and his Assistant, of each Township of his District which 
was delivered him by the Sheriff, i^arking thereon every Penoas 
name that is on his Muscer-Roll, and ako distinguishing those who 
belong to such religions Societies whose conscientious Principles are 
against bearing Arms ; which said Duplicate or Copy of Constable's 
j^turns, after so marked and distinguished, the said Captain shall 
deliver or cause to be delivered to the Commissioners of his County, 
chosen by Virtue of the Act (54) for raising County Bates and 
Levies: And the said Commissioners of each County of this 
Province, within Twenty Days after, the Beceipt of the Duplicates 
aforesaid, shall meet together and cause their Clerks to make out fsir 
Dupiicates of the Names and Sir Names of all and eyery Person and 


PeanoDB in eaok Distriet or DhrisioD, marked and distinginsked «i 
aforesaid to belong to such Religiooa Sociedea, whoae Prineiplea aitt 
agaioit bearing Anna. And t^ and OommiBsioneia of the raapeo- 
6?6 CoantieB are herebj aathoriaed and oommandedy iindi» the 
Pcnallij of One Hundred Poonda Gnnent Money, to oharge everj 
snok Person Uie ram'bf Twenty Shillings on the said DopUoate, and 
appoint GoUeotcMrs for reemving the same, and oanse their Gierke ta 
deUrer to the eaid Colleotora fiur Bnplioates of the Namea of the 
PenoDB BO ehaxged, with a Wairant annexed thereto (&5) under tha 
Hands and Seals of Two or more of the said Gommissioners, requiring 
the said GoUeotorsr forthwith to Gollect woA BeceiTe the sefenS 
Sdois in the said Duplieates respeotiTcly mentioned ; And if any 
Piatson or Persons so charged by Virtue of thia Aot shall refuse or 
negleet to pay the *me on demand. The said Golleotor w GolleDtora 
by Virtue of their said Wamnt, ahall call to their asusfeance, if 
oeeasion be, any Gonstable of his Gounty, and levy the Sum so 
efaarged on the Ooods and Chattels of the Person so refusing, and 
make Sale thereof, rendering the OTerpluss, if any be, to the Cfwneni 
in the same manner as Gollectors are impowered and difeeted by the 
said Aot ^or raising County Rates and Levies. And be it enaoted 
by the Authority aforesaid, That the said Sum of Twenty Shillings 
that shall be so charged to any young Man Mtider (56) the Age ot 
Twenty-One and above Seventeen Years, who belongs to any of the 
Societies afores* and shall reside with his Parent, shall be paid and 
recovered as aforesaid of and from kis said Parent. 

And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the said Gol- 
lectors reepeotively shall within three Months after they receive the 
said Duplicates and Warrants, as aforeartid, and they are hereby 
directed and required to collect, receive and pay to the respective 
County TreasureiB the several Sums they and each of theip ought to 
eoUeot and receive by Virtue of this Act, retaining in their Hands 
Sixpence per Pound for Collecting the same. And the several 
Gountf Treasurers shall pay the same into the Hands of the Provincial 
Treasurer, who shall keep an Account thereof distinct and separate 
from his other Accounts, to be applied and laid out by (57) the 
Committee for Indian Affairs to the Uses and purposes mentioned 
and specified in an Act intituled, '< An Act for preventing abuses in 
the Indian Trade, for supplying the Indians, Friends and Allies of 
Great Britain with (ioods at more Rates, and for restoring and 
confirming the peace and Friendship heretofore subnsting between 
this Province and the Indians inhabiting the Frontiers of the said 
Province.^' And the said Provincial Treasurer shall have one ^ 
Centum, and the County Treasurer one ^ Centum respectively, for 
their Trouble in receiving and paying the same. And the Commis* 
moners of the respective Counties shall be allowed the same Fees as 
are allowed them for the like Services by the said Act for raising 
County Bates and Levies. And their Clerks for drawing the said 


Daplioaies and (58) sending them out to the Collectors, so much as 
the Commissioners shall think fit to allow. 

And be it enacted bj the Anthoritj aforesaid, That nothing in 
tiiis Act contained, shall be oonstnied to subject the €kntlemea of 
the Governor's Council, or of the General Assembly not holding 
any Military Oflice, or any Minister of the Gospel, or Preacher of 
any Denomination of Keligion whatsoever, to appear on the Days and 
Times appointed by this Act for Training and Mustering the Militia 
of this Province, or to do the Duties at such Times hereby enjoined 
and required. 

And be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That no Officer or 
Soldier ordered and directed by this Act to appear and Muster as 
(59) aforesaid, or that shall be appointed to Watch, shall be liable 
to be taken or arrested by any Officer in any Civil Action or Pro- 
cess whatsoever on the Day whereon such Person is directed to 
appear or Watch, or in any reasonable Time either in going to, eon* 
tinning at, or returning Home from, the Place or Places appointed 
to Muster or Watch at : But every such Arrest is hereby dedared to 
be ipso facto void and without Authorityj and all Officers. are here- 
by enjoined and required to tak^ Notice therebf and Govern theni- 
selves accordingly; any Law Usage or Custom to the contrary not- 

And be it enacted by the Authority, That if any suit or 
Action shall be brought against any Person whatsoever for doing 
tlie (60) Duty requir^ of him by this Act, he may plead the general 
Issue and give this Act in Evidence, which is hereby declared to be 
a publick Act, and ail Courts, Judges and Justices are hereby re- 
quired to take Notice of it accordingly : And if the Plantiff discon- 
tinue his Action, be nonsuited, or a Judgment pass against him on a 
Verdict or Demurrer, the Defendant shall recover Treble Costs. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That this 
Act shall continue and be in force for One Year after the publication 
hereof and from thence to the End of the next setting of Assembly 
and no longer. 

9«» April, 1756. Examined with the Original Bill and found to 
be true. 


Indorsed. *" 

[Read the Third Time and passed the House, March 29, 1757. 

Chas. Moobe, 
Cl'k of Assembly.] 

* See'CoL B«s. Vol. VU., p. 468, 464, 668. 


Lord Loudon to Gov. Denny, 175T. 

New York April 18th, 1757. 

I have jost seen a Letter from Philadelphia, by which I find part 
of the Transports have from 111 Judging or some other reason, appijed 
to the Collector for a Glearence, on which he has insisted to bavo 
the King's Transports Clear'd oat from the Custom House, and 
Bonds given for the King's Provisions pnt on Board for the Trpo{», 
and Specifying the Parts to which they are carried, which is a point 
the Masters Cannot acquaint them with, and I am informed both by 
Sir Charles Hardy who understands those Affairs, and by Mr. Hilby, 
who has been very Conversant in Embarkations, that all the Ships 
that are taken up into the King's Service as Transports have nothing 
to do with the Custom House, and that it is proper for me to apply 
to You, and beg of You to interpose Your Authority as Governor, 
and to give those Transports despatches, to Leave the Port of Phila- 
delphia, and to follow such Orders as they have or may receive from 
the Agents of the Transports for His Majesty's Service, in Conse- 
qoence of the orders he has received from me. 

I have ordered Mr. Shackerly to deposite in your Hands a Copy 
of the Articles for agreement with the Transports Signed by me 
which I hes yon will Communicate to any of the Gantlemen Con- 
cern'd and have also given him directions to deliver you a Copy of 
my Letter to him of this date and the assurance I have therein given 
I beg you will acquaint them I shall Faithfully keep to. 
I am with great Regard, Sir, 

Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant, 


To Governor Denny. 

LoBD Loudon to Mb. Shackbrlt, Agent, &o., 1757. 

New York April 18th, 1767. 

As I find you are under some Embarrassment in Relation to the 
Transports with the Collector of the Customs ; Yoa will let him know 
that Ships taken into His Majesty's Pay, as Transports, cannot be 
Subjected to the Examination of Officers of the Customs ; You will 
therefore dispatch those under your care at Philadelphia, with all 
possible diligence to Join Captain Kennedy at his present Station or 
any other he may be directed to, and if you meet with any repeated 

* See Colon, Reo VoL VIL, p. 482-601. 


interraption in ihisServioe, Yon will apply to the Goveraor^4o whom 
I have writ on this Occasion. 

As I have reason to helieve the owners of those Ships, let oat to 
the King, are desirous that the Contract I have signed for the Seou- 
ritj of their payment, and on which their Charter parties are formed, 
should be laid in proper hands for their satisfaction ; You will on re- 
eeipt hereof deposite an attested Copy in the Hands of the Qovemor 
and assure the Several Masters, that the necessary Money shall be 
paid to them on their arrival at this Port, where they will not be 
subjected to the Payment of Powder Money or any other Duty daring 
their Continuance in his Majesty's Service, and I desire you will 
deliver a Copy of this Letter to the Governor. 
I am 

Your most Obedt., Hble. Servant, 

To Mr. Sbackerly, Agent of Transports. 


Lord Loudon TO Gov, Denny, 1757. 

New York April 19th, 17i>7. 

Mr. Gilbert Barkley, Merchant in Philadelphia, having proposed 
to Hire and fitt out a Vessel, and to Load said Vessel with Wine, 
Liquors, and other Necessaries for the use of the Troops under mj 
Command, I must therefore desire You will suffer the aforesaid Mr. 
Barkley to Clear out such a Vessel from Your Port, in the same 
tnanner with the Transports, in Order to have the Benefit of the 
Convoy to this Port. 

I am with great Regard, 

Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant, 

To The Hon"' William Denny, Esq'. 

* See Col. Eeo., Vol. VH., p. 482-500 


Capt. Yan Etten to Wm. Parsons, 1757. 

Worthy friend, 

I am Sorry to Inform you of What hapened Sins I Sa yon Last 
oa the 20 Day of this Instant, after I Came to Fort Hammelton, 
flkottt two a'Clock, & as I made all the hast I Conld to Fort Hynd- 
shaw, ahout one a'Clock at Night an Ezpres Came to me that a men 
Was Ciled and Scalped at Fort Hammelton, which I found to be 
tm, ft had the men burried the 21 of this Instant; pray, Sir, Con- 
sider my afairs as I am but Weake Now, & all the Neighbours about 
the fort is mounted in the fort, Which I CompeVd to Stan Santriey^ 
Next the Soldiers tel forther orders; pray, Sir, Excuse 4ia8t. 
Sir, I Remain your 
friend & humble 

Servant, Sir, 

Fort Hammelton, 21 Apr. 1757. 

(On his Majesties Service.) To Wilem Parsons, at Easton. 

DEPOSiTiojff OF John Willumson, 1757. 

Northampton County,- as. 

On the Twenty-Second Day of April, A». D». 1757, Personally 
appeared before me, William Parsons, Esquire, one of hu Majesty's 
Justices of the Peace, for the County of Northampton, John Wil- 
liamson of lower Smithfield Township, in the said County, Yeoman, 
aged 48 Years, And being duly Sworn on the holy Evangelists of 
Almifhty God, did Depose and Declare, That on Wednesday last, 
the 20th Instant, about Sun Sett, a certain Andreas Gundryman, a 
Tonth about 17 Years of Age, went with two Horses and a Sleigh 
to fetch some Fire Wood, that lay about 80 perches from Fort 
Hamilton,, to his Father's House, ab^ 10 perches from the Fort. 
That while the Young Man was out as aforesaid, He this Deponent 
and Several other Persons, who all live about 10 perches from the 
Port, heard two Guns fired; Whereupon, Henry Gundryman (Father 
of the above named Andreas) and Conrad Freidenberg, one of the 
Garrison at Fort Hamilton, ran immediately upon bearing the 
Fircing towards the Place where Andreas was gone for the Fire^ 
Wood ; some of the Soldiers and other Persons hearing him cry 
out, and seeing him run down the Hill towards the Fort And this 
Bep*. further saith, that about 300 Yards from this Fort, they found 


the said Andreas Oundryman lying dead, and scalpM quite to tbe 
Eyes. And this Deponent further saith, that he paw two Indians 
ran up the Hill from the place where Andreas lay dead. Hiat the 
Indians did not hitt him with their Shott/ but as soon as they 
fired Andreas ran, and they pursued him with t^eir Tom hooks and 
murdered him very barbarously, and as they went off sett up the 
Indian War Hallow. And this Deponant further saith, that earlf 
op the next Morning the Father of the Deceased, with James Gar- 
lanhouse and one of the Soldier/, went and fetched the Corps, and 
the Garrison and Neighbours buried it about 30 perches from the 
Fori And this Deponant further saith, that a oertain Isaac Ban* 
dolph, a Soldier, being sent the same Ey'ning the Murder was com- 
mitted to acquaint Capt. Van Etten, at Fort Hyndshaw, of what had 
happened, returned to Fort Hamilton and reported that in his Way 
he had seen 6 Indians by a Fire at the Plantation pf Robert Ellis, 
about 3 Miles from the Fort, & ab^ half way to Samuel Dupui's, 
which made him afraid to proceed farther, and therefore he returned 
and reported as above. And this Deponant further saith, that he 
this Deponent that same Night went up to Fort Hyndshaw and I 
acquainted Capt. Van Etten of what had happened, but saw no 
Indians in his Journey. And this Dep^ farther saith, that the. said 
Robert Ellis came to Fort Hamilson on Thursday Morning, and 
reported that he had seen 3 Indians that same Morning by a Fire 
on his Plantation, And when the Indians discovered him they left 
the Fire and went up a Hill. And this Deponant further saith, 
that Cap^ Van Etten came on Thursday Morning with as many 
Soldiers as could be spared from Fort Hyndshaw to Fort Hamilton 
and assbted at the Burial. And this Deponant further saith not 


Sworn, at Easton, in the County of Northampton, the Day and 
Tear aboves'. 

Before me, 

Answer op Commissionbrs to Gov'rs Message, 1757. 

The Commissi in Consequence of Commiss}" Young's Letter to 
his Honour the Obvernor, presented to the Board by the Secretary, 
came to the following resolve : — Taat they will despatch M'. Bard to 
the Paymaster immediately w^ Five or Six Thousand Pounds, if so 
much Money fs signed & returned to the Office, & direct him to dis- 
charge the Arrears of the Battoe Men forthwith, & desire that the 

* See Col. Roc., Vol VII., p. 494. 


Goy. win be pleased to give Orden to Gommias. Toang to take snoli 
a nnmber of Men again into pay as he may think neoessary for the 
Battoe Servloe, to be discharged as soon as that Sendoe is over. 
April 22, 1757. 

From SPANGENBEEa to Gov. Denny, 1767. 

May it please y' Honoar, 

The inclosed is the hamble request* of the Brethren in Bethle- 
hem to y Hn*', occasioned by the Hble the Commissioners refusing 
to {Mty their Accounts of their Expences towards maintaining the 
fiiendly Indians, who, nevertheless, have done the Goverment many 
great Services, and never demanded any Thine from this Province, 
as loDg as they were quietly left in their Settlement upon the Ma- 
honiy on the Brethrens Lands. 

Now as I hope, Y' Hn' will be pleased to consider, that at an- 
other Time, many other Indians may. think " it is bettor fur Indians 
'' to join the Enemies of the English, for then they will set Pre- 
" sents and Rewards /' but if Indians join the English, ana behave 
friendly, they will not only afterwards be left destitute, but will 
also be left a Prey to their Enemies, after it comes to a Peace, 
fwhich probably will be the case with those Indians who were ever 
laithfull to this Government, and are now at Bethlehem,) hated 
therefore by all the Indians of their Tribe, because they were not 
with them against the English in the last war, and such Thoughts 
will not turn out for the good of this Province. 

However, I hope to y Goodness better Things. 

most humble Serv^ 


BethL, Apr. 23, 1757. 

LoED Loudon to Gov. Dbnnt, 1757. 

New York, April 21% 1757. 

On the 22* I had the favour of Yours of the 19«» by M'. Rubor- 
deau,f and have consulted with Sir Charles Hardy on this Subject, 
and we both agree that the real Contractors for furnishing His lila- 
jest/s Fleets and Garrisons oucht to be alowed to sail directly, giv- 
ing the Proper Securitys and Loading the Ships for that purpose. 
As to the Provisions going to Newfoundland, we are not so Clear on 
that Subject, as we know they do not Consume them there, but that 

« See Colon. Rec. Vol. VII. p. 494. 
t See Col. Rec, Vol. VII, p. 482, 601. 


Almost the whole that in sent there goes to Sapply die Enemy at 
Lewisburg, if they realy mean to go there, they will baye the Gon« 
voy of Ships of War that will soon Sail from benee Northward. 

As to South Carolina there are no Ships of War there at present^ 
Captain Diggs being oome here in the * Kennington, and the Night- 
ingale being gone to Halifax ; as to the West India Islands, this 
Embargo that has been Laid on at my desire, I hope I shall soon be 
able to write to you that I have no farther occasion for it, but by 
all the Information I can get, when even the People in the West 
Indies are supply'd, plentifully, they supply the Enemy. 

Captain Arburthnot is to sail tomorrow or Tuesday, in order to take 
.under his Convoy the Five Companys of the Royal American Regi- 
ment, and the Two hundred men of your Provincial Troops, to South 
Carolina. I hope yon have got over your difficulties with the As- 
sembly, and that they are all ready to sett out, as that Service now 

Captain Cummingfa, in the Blandford, arrived here from Antegua, 
two days ago, with the men that came in the Transport there. lie 
'proposes sailing tomorrow. - . * 

I had the Favour of your Letter with the papers of the 18*^ 
which I shall answer in a few days. 

Last night the Boston Post brought me Letters of the 18*^, with 
an account of a Ship from Cadiz, being arrived, which had beea 
taken by a French Letter of Mark man, and Ransom'd, who In- 
formed him, that there was an English Fleet seen Steering West- 
ward, of 25 Sail of ^Large Ships. 

I have wrote to Colonel Stanwix about Peter Appy, I am very 
much obliged to you for the Trouble you have taken about thb affair. 
I am with great Regard, 

Your most obedient 

• Humble Servant, 


To the Hon*»« William Denny, Esq'. 

TxMorar Horsfibld to Wm. Parsons, 1757- 

Bethlehem, April 27, 1757. 
Dear Sir : 

Just as M^ Fullert was siting ofF, Nichodemns oame, and informd 
me that his Son, Zaoharias, told him, that the Indian man, ifamed 
Isaack Nuttermer, had said, that he (Nuttermer) came horn a place 
SO mile above Toaougo, 10 Days ago, where he saw 38 French !&• 
dians & 2 French men, all Coming Down on the Frontiers of this 
County, with Intent to Murder ; I enquired, and find there 40 is, be- 
sides the 26, who, I doubt not, have done the Late Mischief. Nut- 


lemer SodnTOored to pcnwado Zaebarian to go baok with him, ny- 
ifig, it ia much better joa go» there will be great Wars here. 

I saw them spoke with this same Nultemer yesterday, in Com- 
pany with one of TudyoscaDgs Sons, named Emas, and another In- 
dian named Isaack ; in a way of Qaering, I ask't them if tfaev 
Could not Catch these Rogues, the French IndianSi they made Little 
or DO answer, only smiled ; I tould them if they wonld go & kill 
them, and bring me their Scalps, they should have 50 Dollars for every 
French Indians Scalp they brought; this, you know, I had no authority 
for, but leafy I dont know any better way if they could be brought 
to it, then to set Indi^ against Indian } if I Come into any Trouble 
with the Governor for my zealous forwardness, I believe you will 
aaJst me. 

I am, Dear Sir, 

Your Very hum* Serv*. 


P. S. If you think this Intelligence proper to send Express to 
the Governor, I beg you will do it ; it will be taken much better, 
from you than me, and besides I quite loath any think like over 

To William Ptfrsons, at Easton. 

Indian Lettbe to Governor op Maryland, 1757. 

. Fort Fredrick, Aprill 29% 1757. 
Brother of Maryland : ^ 

I this Day Came into your Province with a Company of our Na- 
tion on our Way to War acainst the French, Shawnees, and all their 
Indians, hearing they kilT'd some of our Brothers ; not knowing 
vhen we set of from Winchester but theMurder was Committed in 
Virginia, but coming to this Fort found we ware in another Province, 
and on being informed by Cap" Beall that our Brother, the Oovernour 
of this Province, had a Rail Love for our Nation, and that he had 
Provided Clothes for our Nation, tho unacquainted with us. I have 
just now held a Councill with my Young Warriors, and has con- 
dnded to write to you to acgnaint you, our Brother, our design of 
Coming into this Country was hearing from our Good Brother, tho 
Govemour of Virginia, that it was the Desire of Our Father, King 
Qeorge, that we would Join the English in War against the French, 
and there Indians. On hearing this News we Immediately took up 
the Hatchett against the French and their Indians, and hold it fast 
till we make hse of it, which I expect will be in a few Days. We 
Intend to sett out Immediately from this Fort, and on our Return 
expect to meet you, our Brother here, to make ourselves acquainted 
with you ; if you cant come yourself, you will send one of your be- 
loved men with your talk^ which we will look upon as from your 


own month. I hope yon will let the Provinoe of PensilTania know 
that we are Come this Length to War, and if they are in need 9f 
onr aasistanoe I have Men plenty at home, and will not think it 
tronblesome to come and Fight for onr Brothers. I set of from 
home with one hundred and Fifty men, part of which is gone to 
'Fort Cumberland, Forty more by this is come to Winchester; Oar 
People will be so Frequent now amoungst you that I wish you may 
not Think us Troublesome; onr heart akes to see our Brothers 
Bones Scattered about the Country, but you will hear in a short time 
we have got satisfiiction for our Brothers, and in Conformation of 
what I have Spoke I have sent you these few White Beeds to con- 
firm my Beguard to this Province ; likewise, I have sent you these 
Black Beeds to convince you that I have taken up the Hatehett 
against all the Englbh Euemys. We Intend to stay as long amongst 
our Brothers as there is use for us, I hope our good Brother wont 
be backward in providing necessarys for us. I have sent you a List 
of what is useful! for us, and have got our good Friend, M*^. Boss, 
to Carry this liCtter to you, which we shall allways acknowledge as 
a particular friend to us, as we expect to see you soon. We will add 
no more at Present, but Kemain your Loving Brothers. 


This is the Truth, taken from the head Warner. 


A List of all the Bom jn Catholickb in Pennsylvania, 


(That is of all such as receive the Sacraments, beginning from twelve 
years of age, or thereabouts.) 

Under the Cars of Robert Harding. 
In and about Philadelphia, b^ing all Irish, (or English) 72 78 
In Chester county, . . . 18 22 

Under the Care of Theodore Schneider. 

In and about PhiladelphLj, being all Germans^ 
Philad^ county, but up the country, 
Berks county, 
Northampton county. 

Ditto Irish, 

Bucks county, 
Chester county, 

Ditto. Irish, 

* See Col. Keo., Vol. VII., p. 828. 



















la Lancaster conntj, Gennans, . . 108 
Irish, . . 22 

Berks eoantj, Germans, .. 41 
Irish, ... 5 

Chester county, Irish, .23 
Germans, . . 3 

Cumberland county, Irish, 6 

UiTDEa THS Cake of Mathias Manmebs. 

Id York county, Germans, . . 54 
Irish, . . 35 




Total Sum, . 
April 29, 1757. 

: 1365 


Lord Loudoun to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

New York, April 30^*, 1757. 

I heafvitfa transmiCt my Publick letter to yon, Goppycs of wbioli 
goes to Each Governor where the Embargo has been laid, the meeu- 
ing of it is no more thiin that those Shipes, which realy wero 
Loaded and Cleared Prior to Layeng the Embargo, should Imve li« 
bertj to Depart, those that have loaded since have no Claim, and 
when a Packet arrives I hope to be at liberty to advise the taking 
it of entierly, but should Tbat be done sooner, tho I have by this 
tioie got all the Shipes, I should not have a Sailor to man them, by 
which the Service, the Expectations, and the Ezpence the Nation 
has been at, would be all Disapointed and renderd useless. 

As to the want of Provesions in the Fleet, the Cap* of tho Bar- 
ford knowes nothing of those, from where I conclude that the real 
foundation of the compleants from the merchants is only from being 
detaind from making the Exorbitant Proffits they get by Suppleeng 
the SSnemy. 

Fresh meat, I do hear, is very scarce, but I hear no compleant of 
the want of Flower, Beef or Pork. 

As to the sending for a Vessel for tlie Protection of your Tread, 
tia not in my Power to do that, forder than acquanting the Admiral, 
when I meet him, whilst Cap^ Arbuthnot remains with you, he 

• <' Delivered by Mr. Harden, April 29, 1757," indorsement. See Colon. 
Bee. Vol. VII., p. 448, for the number of Roman Catholicks in Philadelt)liia 
and Chester counties, March 21, 1767. 
Vol. III.— 7 ' 


will keep up the Embargo by Your appleeing to him^ botlam afraid 
after he is gon you will have deflfeculty to govern your People, if 
you find that it will be absoley nessesary lett me know^ and I will 
do all that is in my Power, bot my sittuation is this, I have hear 
only one Shipe of 20 gun^ and a Sloope, to Convoy all those Tran- 
ports from hence, for now that those are arived I can not jastifie 
keeping the homed Vessel that was with you any longer, so have 
Dismissed her from the Service^ and should I dctatch the Sloope for 
that Service I run the risk of noc having her for the Convoy^ which 
cannot Spair that diminution. 

I hope your people will not detain Lt. Col. Bouquet, and am with 
Sinceer regard, 


Your most obedient 

humble Servant^ 


I am told that there is a dffficulty made in your Port about allowing 
the Vessels that carry the Contractors Provisions from Philadelphia 
to this There, the Custom house make a mistake, for they have not 
been detaind any where, nor can the Transports sail or the Troops, 
be provided any where if these Provisions are detaind, therefore, 
beg you will give orders to forward those Vessels directly.* 

Col. John Armstronq to Gov. Denny, 1767. 

Carlisle, May, 1767. 
- Honoured Sir : 

_ A List of what was thought most desir'd by the Cherokee In- 
dians, I sent down with their Speeches to y' Hon', and wou'd beg 
leave to alledge, that a Considerable part of the present ought to be 
Wampum, with some Beads, and next to these an assortment of 
Silver Trinkets, with three Laced Hatts, as it's probable that three 
. Captains will be there — two, or three Coats with Tinsel Lace might 
be very well, but those I think will be more expedient at a future 
time, and nearer the approach of Cold weather. I have order'd my 
Brother (who yesterday retum'd) to write y' Honour the several 
sorts of goods givem by the Governor of Maryland, that yours may 
have a convenient variation — that Province has given about 280 
pounds in value, and tho' I shou'd be glad Pennsylvania wou'd a 
little exceed it, yet am fully of opinion that a number of them In- 
dians will actually a^ist us this Summer, and more of their Nation 
come to these Ptovinces which will require future rewards, as from 
time to time Prudence may direct. Your Hon' will no doubt rc- 

* See Colon. Rec. Tol. YII., p. 495. This letter is enthrelj in Lord L's 
hand writing. 


MflBneBdi OP order a Present f(Nr M^ Pftris, t^e Interpreter. I hear- 
Governor Sharps Secretary^ who deliver'd his Speech and presenti 
had oiders to offer Paris a Captaincy in the Pay of that Prorinoe, 
and tbat he is inolin'd to acoept of it^ which I hope will he of Use 
to tliis. I am sorry y Hon' cannot either come or send y Secre* 
iuj to the Southern Indians, for however necessary M'. Croghaa 
may be where he is acquainted, neither him nor die Indians it's 
said he brings with him can be so, in the present case, and the Con« 
Mquences in my opinion^are not very promising, but further is no6 
becoming me to say. 

Herewith I send y Hon' the intelligence of the Prisoners takea 
by the Cherokees. 

I am, with the utmost respect, 
^ Your Honours most obedient 

Humble Servt. 

Governor Denny. 

P. S. The present shou'd be here in two Weeks, or' less time. 
Those Indians drink very Little Raw Rum, they drink Wine and 
like Sugar, and have at i/". Fk. ail fresh Beef. 

Examination op a Delaware Prisoner, 1757. 

The Garrison at Fort Du Quesne consisted all last Winter of Two 
Hundred, the Grreater part French; about this time three Hundred 
are Expected up the Ohio to Strengthen the Garrison, and five Hun« 
dred Indians. A Hundred & thirty-five Indians set off from Fort 
Bu Quesne, not designed against any Particular Place, but divide 
and fall Seperately on different Places of the Frontier ; the Party 
divided at Lawelpanning, & the Greater Part he thinks is still near 
this Frontier hunting and Preparing for War. The Shawnese, 
instigated by the French, persuaded the Delewares to strike the 
English; the Delewar^ finding the French have occasioned y 
loosing many men in the war with the English, wpuld now Join the 
English if a Sufficient foroe was to march out against Duquesne, 
And their Usage from the French is ready to make them strike 
them. Fort Du Quesne oould easily be carried if no Indians were 
to Join the Garrison. In the front Part of the Fort, along the 
Monongaheja, is a large Mine of Powder laid, which the French say 
is intended to be Sprung, as the last resource of the Garrison. 
There is no ditch, but two sides of the Fort, Vis*. : in the Front & 
along the Monongahela, built strong. The Messengers from Phila- 
delphia were in some Deleware Towns, and they Seem'd desirous of 
Peacei and would not now have come to War, had not some Shaw- 


iiese ih a-Prunken fitylick at Beeyet Greek perri^v^ed feW df ftA 
Tonng men. A Number of French wei^ at the Kittardnlng, bat rtin 
off when it was AttacFd, only one Freneh Man' fought ; and the 
Garrison at Fort Du Qaesno^ consisting of a Hnndt^^ were appr^ 
hensive of an" Attack. He was of the Party of Blanket Bill, wbioh 
consisted of 4 Indians/ One of which were Killed^ ft three woiinded; 
he run off towards the French Fort, bat met a Party in Pureait of 
lis, Who followed as to the Allegany Hill, where they Kill'd Chfttt- 
ben. As he returned he foand a Prisoner had been taken by the 
Delcwaros, a small Young Man, dark Coloured, whc riBmains now at 
Berer Creek. Att Ouscuskas and Shenango, are about two Hundred 
warriors. The largest Body of Shawnese are at the Mouth of SiethO) 
300 Men. The French Fort is supplied from up & Down ye River, 
they have a large Stock of Proivissioas, & have Planted a large^field 
of Corn. There is Planted at the Fort, 13 Guns, heavy Artillery, 
& Six Swivels ; Four Centries keep Watch on the Bastions, & two 
Gentries are Pbnted a Mile from the Fort. 

Examination op a Chiobsaw Prisoner, 1757. 

The Delewares and Shawaneee, but no Chiccsaws, often Council 
with the French, who give them Wampum & Small Quantities of 
Ammunition as they require it to carry on ye war w*^ the £oglish, 
but trust them with no large Qaanty, ahd he left Fort Du Quesue 
twenty days before he was taken -, that Fort is Supplied with Pro- 
visions, & have Planted a large B^eld of Corn. There is Planted at 
the Fort 13 Q-uns, Heavy Artillery, and Six Swivels ; Four Centries 
keep watch on ye Bastions, & two Centries are plao'd a Mile from 
the Fort. 

Earl of Holdernbssb to Gov. Denny, 1767. 

Whitehall, 2d May, 1757. 

The Crops of Com having from the Badness of the Season last 
Year greatly failed in many Parts of Great Britain & Ireland, wbioh 
makes a supply thereof very much wanted, for which Reason Orders 
have been sent to purchase large quantities in America, and H, being 
apprehended that the Ships loaded therewith may not be able to eail 
on Account of the Embargo laid in several parts of America, by 
Lord Loudoun's Desire, on all Ships in General, by which means 
His Majesty's Dominions in Europe may be greatly distressed,* I am 
commanded to signify to You the King's Pleasure, that You imme*- 
diately upon the Receipt of this Letter, cause any Embargo that shall 

'be4^ii sobaistiag wi^io Your Government, either in eoMequeiioe of 
Lord JiOiidouBf's Apjplioetion to Yqu, or of %Qy Direotioos sent Yo^ 
by the Board of Trade, to be taken of from all Yesseb loaded with 
Com or any other Species of Grain for Great Britain and Ireland ; 
an.d that Yon do teJce particalar Care that no future Embargo, ^hich 
it may be thought expedient to lay, do extend to Vessels so loaded, 
bat on the Contrary You will give all proper encouragement and 
Assistance to peisons who shall be employed in the puTchasiug -and 
Shippiug Corn for the Supply of His Majesty's Dominions in 
Earope, toking Care that ibey do give sufficient Security for land- 
ing the Cargos at the place for which they shall be designed, agre- 
able to an Act of Parliament passed this Session, Entitled An Act 
to prohihii for a limited Time the Exportation of Corn, Grain.y 
Meal, Malt, d:c,, <Scc., which Act has been transmitted to You by 
the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantation. 
I am, Sir, 

Your most obedicDt, 
humble Seivant, 

Deputy Gov*, of Pensilvania. 

Wm. Trest to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Eethlehem, May 2d, 1757. 
Jlay it please yonr Honour, 

At the request of the Indians at .Lancaster and M'. George 
Croghan, I came with two of the Chiefs of the Six Nations, oue 
returned from Reading, the other came here in order to bring Tedy- 
uscang and the rest of the Delawares if arrived, to Lancaster, if not 
^o bring what was here or their Chiefs, and leave word for Tedyus- 
cuDg to follow with the rest as soon as he arrived. Yesterday, the 
Mohawk Sachem, who came here, delivered his Speech in the pre- 
sence of M'. Horsfield & several other of the Inhabitants to the 
Indians here, and they have agreed that a number of their Chiefs,' 
with some Women, shall set off with us this morning for Lancaster, 
and have left the Wampum with word for Tedyuscung to follow 
with the rest as soon as he arrives. 

The day before yesterday an Indian came down from Fort Allen 
here, he says that all the Indians that were there; except Six or 
Seven, are gone off. 

I have heard two reasons given, one was that as Tedyuscung 
stayed so long they would goe back and Plant their Corn and then 
return again, unless they should meet him coming down, then they 
would return with him ; but the Indians tell me the reason they 

• "Boc'd by Express from Goyemor DeLanoey, 6 o'clock, & July, 1767, 
ans'd 6th Deer., 1767." Kadoraed. 


went off, was that they were affraid when they heard that there was 
white People killed ; here is no late Accounts of Tedyuscung. 
I am Your Honour's 

Most hum* Serv*, 


Lord Loudoun to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

(Private.) New York, May 5, 1757. 

Dear Sir, 

I send this along with my Circular Letter which Accompanys one 
from the Secretary of State, You will easily see that it was impos- 
sible for me to wait the ariival of Orders, which I did not receive 
till the 1st of May in the Evening, before I settled with the 
Governors of the different Provinces; but as the Letters are plainly 
framed to Stengthen my hands in case I thought it necessary to 
carry on an Offensive War to the Southward ; but You would see I 
was of a different Opinion, and did not think I 'had either Force or 
dfficers sufficient to Attempt it: And Now you will see that I 
leave tlie Secftetary's Letter in full for^e ; but as I do not in my own 
Opinion expect that we shall be able at this Season of the Year 
when I must take the Field at a distance, reap much additional 
Assistance from it, therefore I have added that paragraph of the 
Militia, that on any Emergency we may have their Assistance, and 
this length I think the Governments will go that have a Militia. 

As to the Postcript I have added to my Circular Letter to You, I 
have done it for your Aid in managing with Your People ; first, to 
shew them the bad Consequences that must attend their Obstinacy 
in having no Militia Law ; and next, the Expence it naturally and 
Justly draws on them ; And I do think' Your Province should raiso 
an additional Number of Men in case of Need, who, if they do not 
actually Join, should at least be ready to Join whenr occasion 'requires 
it; And this I dare say You will manage as far as You can, and if 
you cannot carry it to the extent You wish, will carry it as far as 
You can. 

As to the Article of Colonel Stanwix being to remain till the two 
hundred Men are Embarked, that Article is put in as a Spur to 
them, but his private Orders t^re to March, as I think it full time 
be were in the back Country; but I hope this will Spur both the 
Embarkation and the Levies of your other Men, and the Colonel 
will concert and Co-operate with You in every thing. 
I am with great Regard, 
Dear Sir, 

Your Most Obedient, 

Humble Servant, 


The Hon*»« William Denny, Esq'. 


Gov. Belcher to Gov. Denny, 1757. 


I duly received your honours Favoar of the 28 of the last month, 
and observe its contents. 

Your honour has been misinformed as to Commissioners being ap- 
pointed to meet at the Treaty with the Indians now on foot in your 
GoyerDmenty neither has there been any Provision made by the 
General Assembly to bear any Part of the Ezpence of the said 
Treaty, no Application having been made to them for that purpose, 
at their late meeting ; and it wou'd be altogether vain and imprac- 
ticable to call the Qeu} Assembly in time for appointing Com mission- 
eiSy to represent this Province at tho Trraty, yet as it may finally 
turn oat for the Service and Interest of this with the other Colonies 
for establishing Peace with the Indians, I shall lay the matter be* 
fore the Assembly at their next Meeting, and wish they may do 
and act upon it consistent with Justice and Equity. 

I now write M'. Bradford again to deliver your Honour one of tho 
Printed Laws, mentioned in mine of the 11 of April, & which he 
writes mo he was now printing off. 

I have wrotjB Judge Nevill and sent him M'. Peters" Letter, and 
have no doubt of his doing in the Affair as to Law and Justice shall 

I am, with much Respect, 

Sir, Your Honour's 

most obedient and 

wmt humble Servant, 

Eliz« Town, (N. J.) May 7, 1757. 
L. Governour Penny. 

Petition feom Northampton County, 1757. 

Northampton County, Lynn Township, May 4 Day, 1757. 
To His Onner, the Governor and Commander in^ Cheaf of the 

Provence of Pennsyelvania ; 
Youre Most Humbly S'vant — 

These is to Acquant youre Honner of the Difficultyes, Hardships 
and Dangers Jthat youre Poore Pertitioners Ly Under at this Present 
Time, Being the Frunteeairs, tind being yester Day A Coppy of an 
Express Sent to us and others from Mr. Parsons, Major, Which He 
Reseaved from Cornel Wiser, that the He Was Credebly Informed 
by A frind Indian that A Grat Body of French and Indians Was 
one there march from Ahio Fort, Desined Against Som Parts of 


Pennsjlvania, Minesink, Potter Co., and som Murder Has Latlj 
ben Don at the Minesinks in this County, and Like Wise at Scoolkil 
in Barks County, and this is What wee Was Desired and Warned to 
be one our Oards, and to associate oure Selves and others Immediately 
into Companies, under Descreet offecers of oure one Choice, But as 
youre Honner Vere well Knows the Natour and Mis Magegment of 
the Generaty Part of the Peopel, when that these are at thaire 
one freedom, without Some Parsens in Shap Athority to Compel 
them, and further Wee Do Think it A Great Hard Ship that Wee 
the Frontears, that is Almost Already Ruened By being Cep So 
much out of oure Laboure, Being the Poorer Sort of Peopel at the 
Beginning, and the Loer Inhabentance the mean time Lyes Quiat 
and £aso and out of Danger, and Wee Desire and Humbly Beg 
that youre Honner Will Take oure Case Into Consideration, and 
Cause Us to be Better Garded by Soldiers, at the ezpence of the 
Provence, while the Loer Inhabentance will be obliged to Baire 
Part of the Burden as Well as wee, and wee Do think that if the 
Garresens that is Now Lying over the Blue Mountaine in the Forts 
Was all Removed to This side of the Mountaine and Laid 4, 6, 8 or 
10 men in a Good Houce at Not a grate Distance apart, and a Road 
Cut from one Plantation to the other, of About 3 or 4 Perches 
Broad, as the Plantations- is Prete Neaire to Gether, one this Side 
of the Mountaine. We do think that it would Cause the Indians 
to be afraid to Com in Small Companies over the Road, as theaire 
yousel Way is to Goo for faire of Being taken agoing Back, for When 
Ever there is Murder Don Within the Road there must be A Good 
Watch Cept one that* Rood to Take them as they Pas Back, and by 
Larem Guns there Can be man^ People Cald to Gether in Short 
Space of Time Besides the Soldiers, and further, tha People in 
General is Removed from the other Sid of the Mountain and 
Dayre Not Goo to Live one theaire Plantations til Better times 
Excepting 2 or 3 famelyes Round Each Fort, and from the other 
Settlers one this Side of the Moutaine to the Forts is Som 10 
Som 16 Miles to Fort Franklen, is to Fort Allen 10, to Fort Norres 
16, to Fort Ilambelton 16 Miles. So that in Case of Nesety the 
Soldiers Can't Com to oure Assistance, nor Wee to Theairs Not in 
any Resenable Time, Til the Eneme Wold Be Gono Againe, for 
Wheaire they fal in They make No Long Stay, and Besides the Hills 
and Hallows is so bad over the Mountaine that the Indians might 
Destroy all the Wagons and Provishens Coming to the Fort, if they 
take Care to Wayley them in Som Deep Hallows, and the Soldiers 
as they are Scouting and marching from one Fort to the other, and 
at Present Leftenent Wetherhols Lyes in our Township With about 
40 men Against Fort Franklen, Which is Now Empty of Soldiers, 
and he Expects Every Day to Receave order to Marcb. from us, 
there Wil then Ly open Without any Sholders abot 28 M'lds that 

* "Read in Coonoil 7 May,"— -no minute of thitt date. 


tbere will be no Soldiers, and yonre Potisaonners Do nmbl/ Beg 
that youre Honncr Wold Take oure Case Into Consideration, and 
Not Let these Sodiers be Removed, But Rather order more in these 
Parts, as In Date Bound Wee shall Ever Pray. 
[Signed by 41 persons; whose names appear chiefly in German.] 


Indians. Petition Inhabitants of Lyan. Town'p^ Northampton 
Ce. Read in Coancil 7 May^ 1757. 

Petition prom the Frontiers, 1757.* 

To the Honourable William Denny, Esq^, Lieatenant-Govemer and 
Commander-in-Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania^ and Coun- 
ties of New Castle, Kent & Sussex, on Delaware, &c. 

The Petition of George Gilbert, Adam Spittleman, Henry Hanpt- 
man, Gasper Langeberger, Nicholas Kind, George Merte, Henry 
Norbech, the Widow of Mark Grist Deceased, the Widow of 
George Krammer Deceased, (which said Grist & Krammer hare 
lost their Lives in the Defence of their Country last fall) William 
Ball, Philip Annes, Jacob Leisser, Will" Weigand, Anthony 
Krum, Philip Scholl, Jacob Keim, John Frist, Philip Kirsbaum, 
William Q^bel, John Wissemer, George Wartman, Jacob Richards, 
Christopher Spccher, John Scheeflfer & George Sprecher, all In- 
habitants of Berks County, within four Miles of and about Fort 
Franklin, over the Blue Mountains : 
Most Humbly Sheweth — 

That your Petitioners are informed that Fort Franklin aforesaid 
is to be removed to this Side of the said Mountains and a consider- 
able way into Albany Township ; 

That if in Case the said Fort is to be Removed your Petitioners 
will be Obliged to Desert their Plantation^, for their Lives and 
Estates will then lye at Stake, and a great pi It of this Province will 
lye waste and your Petioners will then*becomc\a Burden to the other 
Inhabitants. That your Petitioners humbly conceives that it would be 
the Safest way to have the said Fort continued & rebuilt, as it is 
yery much out of order and Repair. 

Therefore your Petitioners humbly prays your Honour to take 
the Premises in Consideration and Issue such orders as will Prevent 
the Removal of the said Fort & order a Suffi' Number of Men in it, 
and to grant your Petitioners such other relief as to you in your Wia- 

* «* Read in Oonnoil May 7,"— no minute of that date. 


dom shall so^m Mete, And year Petitioners, as in Duty bonnd, wiU 

Ever Pray for your Eternal welfair. • 
Signed at tiie Bequest & in behalf of all the Petitioners. 



Indians. Petition Inhabitants about Fort Franklin, in Berks Co. 
Read in Council Saturday, 7** May, 1757. 

Proceedings against Christopher Wilsok, 1757. 

The Proceedings against me, Christopher Wilson, on aceo^ of the 

Militia Law in Newcastle County, some time in the fall of the 

Year 1756. 

William Bradshaw summon'd me to appear before David Bush, 
Justice, to answer the complaint of Tho^. Ogle, Captain of the 
Militia in Christiana hundred, accordingly I appeared & told the 
said Justice Bush that the reason of my non-complyance with said 
Law was that it was contrary to my Principle, &o. 

On the 12«'» day of the !•* mo., 1757, Will- Bradshaw & Tho». 
Elliot, Constables, came to me as I sat upon my Beast at the Door 
of Sam^ Clenney ; I being on a Journey & just stopped to speak 
with the People of the House. Wm. Bradshaw canae & laid his 
hand on nly Marc's Neck & said he executed her for the Muster time. 
I said if he did ho should not have her now, for I was on a Journey. 
I further told him I was a Freeholder & had Effects enough at 
Home & desired him not to detain me here, then Thomas Elliot & 
Bradshaw stood & held my Mare by the Bridle for about an Hour, 
discoursing upon the Premises, &.he desired me to rescue tho Mare 
by Force. I told him I would not, but sat still upon her, & told 
them if they would have my Mare to take her along for I would go 
with her ; Then Bradshaw called John McKee for Evidence that he 
executed this Mare, then I said, & me upon the back of her : Yes 
said Bradshaw, Christopher Wilson, Mare, Saddle & Bridle, then 
Bradshaw let go his hold of the Mare, Elliot having let go some time 
before, & I went on my Journey, then I heard no more of the Affair 
until the 29^^ of the month aforesaid, when John Souder, another 
Constable, came for me with a King's Warrant to answer the Com- 
plaint of Will™ Bradshaw, for rescuing my Mare from him. Where- 
upon I went with him before David Bush, said Constable delivered 
the Warrant to said Bush, &, he asked tho Constable whether he had 
taken John Backus or not, the Constable said no, then he queried 
who he had taken, the Constable said Christopher Wilson, upon 
hearing my Name mentioned I stopped forward, the first Word said 


Bash spoke to me was by way of Query, whether I had any Security 
or not, to which I said no, then he handed the Warrant to the' Con* 
stable & told him to take me to Goal, & ask'd me no more Qnestions, 
but the Constable took me away, & I went with him to NewoasUe, ft 
when we gott there I gave Bail & returned home. 


N. B. I have been offered Twenty Pounds for the aboTesaid 


Proceedings against Christopher Wilson on aoco* of the Militia 
Law of the Lower Counties. Read in Council 29*** March^ 1757. 
Referred to be heard there. 

Copies op Proclamations by Gov. Dinwiddib, 1757. 

Copies of Proclamations by Governor Diowiddie, published in th« 
Virginia Gazette. 

Virginia ss : 

By the Hon'ble Robert DinwiJdie, Esq'., his Majesty's Lieut. Gov- 
ernor & Commander-in-chief of the said Colony & Dominion. 


For better regulating the Proceedings with Indians. 
Whereas, his Majesty has been pleased to appoint the Hon'ble 
Edmond Atkin, Esq^, one of the Council in the Produce of South 
Carolina, to be agent for and Superintendent of the Affairs of the 
several Nations or Tribes of Indians upon the Frontiers of Virginia, 
North & South Carolina and Georgia^ under the Direction of the 
Right Hon'ble, the Earl of Loudoun :- And Whereas I am directed 
to give him all proper Countenance and Support in the Execution of 
a Commission of so great Importance to the Welfare and Security of 
his Majesty's Colonies : And Whereas many persons have heretofore 
made a Practice of going to the Indian Nations of their own Accord 
and too much concerned themselves in their Affairs to the prejudice 
of his Majesty's Service ; and many Disorders have been lately com- 
mitted by parties of Indians, conducted by different persons thro^ 
the heart of the Settlements of this Dominion, to the great Disquiet 
of the Inhabitants, as well as Expence of the Government ; And 
also, I am informed, great Offence hath been given to some of his 
Majesty's most faithful Allies among the Indians, by the indiscreet 
Speeches and Behaviour of some of the Inhabitants, which may be 
attended with di n jerous Consequences, at this time especiallyi when 

* See Col. Rec. Vol. Vll., p. 462. 


the cliearfal AssistaDce of our Indian Friends is most waifeied : Asd 
as it has been too customary to supply the Indians with spirituous 
Liquors, and Ordinary Keepers in particular have been known to 
purchase Things belonging to them with Liquor : I have therefore 
thought fit; by and with the Advice of his Majesty^s Counoil, in his 
Majesty's Name, to issue this Proclamation, to warn strictly all per- 
sons whatsoever, not to presume to go to any of the Indian Frontier 
Nations, nor to bring any parties of them within the settlements of this 
Province, unless duly authorized so to do, nor to concern themselves 
with any of the said Indians or their Affairs, or to interfere with his Ma- 
jesty's said Agent in the Execution of his Commission, or in any part of 
his Conduct and Management. And all Magistrates and Officers are 
hereby enjoinpd not to permit any of the said Indians to come with- 
in the Settlements of this Dominion, not having first obtained my 
permission, or a Passport from the said Agent, or a License signed 
by two Magistrates agreable to the Treaties subsisting between us, 
signifying their Errand or the place of their Destination, or without" 
having some white person in their Company duly impowered to con- 
duct them. And to prevent Disorder or Mischiefs that may arise by 
any Indians straggling from their Chiefs or otherwise, the officers, Civ^ 
and Military, in each respective County, are required to send a prop- 
er Escort along with any Parties of Indians while travelling thro' 
the same ; who are to take caro that they pass the shortest Way to 
the place of Destination. And all persons are hereby forbid to sell 
or give any spirituous Liquors to them, other than with the Appro- 
bation of the person who shall conduct them, according to the Allow- 
ance made them. And hereof all persons concerned are to take 
Notice, as they will answer the contrary at their peril. 

Given under my Hand at Williamsburg, this 13*'» Day of May, 
in the SO** Y%ir of his Majesty's Reign, Annoque Domini, 1757. 

God save the KINO. . 

Virginia ss: 
By the Hon'ble Robert Dinwiddle, Esq'., his Majesty's Lieutenant- 
Govemour & Commander in chief of the ^aid Colony and Dominion. 

For supplying the Indians with Provisions. 
Whereas, it is highly reasonable and necessary, that our Indian 
Friends who come into this Colony to our Assistance against, the 
Enemy, should be supplied by us with Provisions, while going to 
or returning from War ; I have therefore thought fit by and with the 
Advice of his Majesty's Council, in his Majesty's Name, to issue 
this proclamation, hereby directing and requiring such Indians who 
shall produce a Paesport conformable to the Directions in a pro- 


clamation Issaed by me the thirteenth of this months not to' take or 
kill any thing beloDging to any of the People of this Dominion, with- 
out their Leave, bat behave themselves ordeidy and peaceably like 
Brethren in thefir Passage thro' the Country, both going & returning 
and when they are in want of Provisions, they or their Conductor 
to apply to the first Justice of Peace, Captain or other superiour 
Officer, who shall happen to live on or nigh the road they pass thro^, 
to furnish them therewith, and I do hereby strictly enjoin every 'such 
Justice and Officer in their respective County, upon Application 
made by any Indians as aforesaid, to supply them with sufficient 
Provisions to serve them to the next Justice or Officer, and so on' 
thro' the Country ; and to certify on the Back of their Passport, 
the Time of their arriving, the said Indians behaving themselves as 
is above expressed. 

. Given under my hand at Williamsburg, the 27**^ Day of May in 
the 30»* Year of his Majest/s Reign, Annoque Domini, 1757. 

God save the King. 

Extract PROM Pkopribtaries' Letter to R. Pbtbrs, 1757.* 

On the Question put by yon about the Right of the Commission- 
ers to dispose of money under the £55,000, & the £30,000 Acts, 
I say, the Governor ought not to suffer the Commissioners to pay 
one Shilling at their discretion, or to receive Applications from Peo- 
ple for money, which shoad be made to the Governor, otherwise, 
this mode of appointing Commissioners will be the same thing as 
leariag it to the Assembly. The money sboud not be paidVithout 
the Governor signifies his assent to it on the back of the order ; nay, 
it should never be consented to, bat for the purpose of some Deter- 
mination of the Governors before hand, and not for any purpose of 
theirs, that he has not before approved of. For if the Governor 
k Conncil are not the Planners of Operations, to whom only the 
Kings orders come, I think the Government is dissolved, and I have 
often been told by the greatest persons. that there is no Government 
at all in Pennsylvania. Certainly, the Commissioners have not the 
least Right to give directions to persons employed by the Govern- 

* "Read in Council at Easton, in July," indorsed. See Colon. Rec. Vol. 


Pjbtition AaAiNsi> Indians, 1757. 

Hano?er| May 15^ 1757. 
Sir: . 

We, in these partSy are at present in the utmost Confasion, the 
Savage Enemy has again fallen on ns afresh. Yesterday momiDg 
early they plundered the house of Alex' Martin, & carried his mo- 
ther Captive, & this morning early they killed Thomas Bell, an hon- 
est responsible Dweller on the Frontier^ within forty yards of bis 
own house. 

We expect nothiog but that 2, or S, or more, of us will be killed 
every day, while one of us is alive. 

We lost so many last year^ that the greatest part of the Inhabi- 
tants nearest the mountain are fled long ago; our young men & ser- 
vants are generally Inlisted^ and the Provincials in the two Forte 
here are some way Emplo/d, that in our Extremity we can have no 
assistance from them. 

In these our distressed Circumstances, the- greater part of the re- 
maining luhabitants are now flying with wives & Children to places 
more remote from Danger, whereby above 15 miles in length, & 6 or 
8 Breadth, in a few days will be altogether waste, & we who coDti- 
nue must either fall a sacrifice to our Enemies Cruelty, or go with 
our wives and Children to beg our Bread. 

We beg the favour of you to represent our distressed case to his 
Honour the Governour, if wo may obtain some assistance of men for 
our defence, as the Provincials, now stationed here, are of no benefit 

We are. Sir, 

Y' most humble Serv*". 

Jas. Black, ' John Hill, 

John Crawford, John Woods, 

Mich. Wallace, Wil'm Wilson, 

John MoClinn, Deainedan Danet, 

Jas. French, Alexand. MoColome, 

Rich'd Sankey, . Jas. Farrtl, 

Jos. Dixon, Thomas MoCallkn, 

Samuel Gamble, John Glen, 

Hugh Ripeth, Jas. Rogers, 

James Finey, ^ William Rogers, 

Jacob Stober, Will. Watson, 

•Jacob Stoerser, Thomas Robison, 

John MoCown, Enos McGuire, 

^Robert Bell, Sam. Robinson. 
And many others. 


Pbtition from Derrt, 1757. 

To the Honourable WILLIAM DENNY, Esq'., Governor and Com- 
mander in CMef of Pennsylyania. and the three Dehiware Coon- 
tj8, &o. 

The Petition of the Subscribers; Inhabitants of Derry Township^ in 
Lancaster County^ 

Hnmbly Sbeweth : 

That the Dangerous Condition of onr Frontiers for about eighteen 
months past; whereby this Township, in pity to the Frontiers, have 
at our own proper espence maintained Guards in Hannover Town- 
ship, whereby the Frontier Familys have been encouraged to tarry 
at their places, has been vel'y Oppressive to us, not costing this 
township less than three hundred pounds currency, besides the send- 
ing up BodyB of j men at every Inroad of y* Encmys into Paxton 
and Hannover. These things, together with the publick Taxes 
have reduced us to this Determitfation, that we are not able to con- 
tinue Gbiards upon the Frontiers as heretofore, and yet we are con- 
vinced it is impossible to the Frontier People alone to make a stand ; 
Wherefore, we humbly pray your Honour may order a number of 
y Provincial Troops to range upon our Frontiers in Paxton and 
Hannover this Summer, and that it may be done as speedily as pos- 
sible ; its not to be coop'd up in forts we beg for Provincials, where 
they can be of no Service to us. The present Inroad into Hanno- 
ver of our Enemys, your Honour, we suppose, is informed of; Han- 
nover is upon y« point of flying, and we cannot tarry if they fly, 
and our flight will open a way into y* heart of y* Province. Jo". 
Galbreath, Esq', can further inform y Honour. We pray for speedy 
relief, and shall as in Duty bound ever pray. 

Signed in the name and by the appointment of y* Township, by 

Derry, May 16, 1757: 
Patrick Campel, Jams Walker, 

Moses Willson, James Wilson, 

David Taylor, Archbald Walker, 

Thomas Loqams, John Campbell, 

John Chesnut, Andrew Roan, 

John Roan, V. D. M., Hugh Hates, 

RoBART BoTP, John Peddan. 

WiLiJAM BoYED, And others. 

* "Receired at Lancaster, May 17, and laid before Commissioners," In- 


Wm. Masters and Jos. Galloway to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Lancaster, May 16% 1757. 

Toa cannot be insensible, that tinder the present distressed Situ- 
ation of this Province, nothing can be of greater importance than 
to discover the true Causes of the War with the Indians, & why they 
have, in a most mei^iless manner, committed their late Depreda- 
tions and Murders on the Frontier Inhabitants ; that this Gover- 
ment, which has severely felt the melancholy Efiects thereof, shond 
the Cause be just, may make them such Compensation as the Laws 
of Rectitude & Justice shall direct, by which means alone that 
Peace can be secured between them, and this Province, which is so 
absolutely necessary for tbe Security of its Inhabitants, and to esta- 
blish y* Friendship w*^^ his ^lajesty's Service & the Interest of the 
Colonies in general loudly call for. For these purposes did your 
late Predecessor,. Governor Morris, first invite Teedyuscung, with 
others of the Delawares & Shawaneese to a Treaty at EastdA ; And 
to proceed in this good Work, your Honour met them at the same 
Place, & by a dispassionate Enauiry, was so fortunate as to make a 
Considerable progress in penetrating the True Causes (as is said) 
of our late Calamities. 

The same motives, we apprehend, prevaild on you to meet the Six 
Nations at this Place, & the Assembly and Provincial Commission- 
ers to agree to defray out of the public Fund, the heavy Expences 
of this Treaty : They are determined not to be deficient in their As- 
sistance, as they expect that every opportunity that presents will be 
embraced by the Governor to find out, not only the Truth of Teed- 
yuscung's Complaints against this Government, hut all other Gruc1i/e9 
and Ueart'btwnings that miiay subsist in the Bosoms of any Inffxan 
'nation whatsoever, wth whom we have had any Intercourse or Deal- 
ings in Land, that if they shoud he justly founded, they 'may be 
speedily redressed. 

We beg leave to represent to the Governor, That we now expe- 
rimentally find that the Persons concemd in former Treaties held 
between this Government and the Indians, have been too negligent 
in making the proper Enquiries into their Complaints, and search- 
ing into the justice of them, & too ready to postpone making them 
y* small Compensation, with which they might have been easily sa- 
tisfied; which we conceive has not a little conduced to create the 
present unhappy Differences between the Delawares & Shawaneese, 
& this Government. 

Wherefore in behalf of our selves & the bleeding Inhabitants of 
this Province, whose Lives, Liberties and Fortunes are deeply con- 
cemd in the Event of these Conferences, we entreat your Honour to 
make a full Disquisition of the Indians now present who have plain- 

FSSJUsiisYAmji Asuomnsa 1757. m 

Jy intimatfid that they are acqttainted with the true Cau9e$ of our 
Indian War, into the Complaints & Injuries pointed out bj Teed- 
yuscung^ & into evert/ other piece of Injustice that may he suggeUed 
agamt any Perton whatever concerned in this Government, that 
this being done, satisfaction may be made to the Indians that have 
been injared, their prejudices against the Oolonies in general, k this 
Fronnce in particular removed, & its Inhabitants from the present 
threatening prospect of Bloodshed & Destruction, saved & restored 
to their former happj State of P^saoe and Tranquility. 

To the Honble William Denny, Esquire^ &c. 

Provincial Commissioners to Gov. Dbnnt, 1757. 

Lancaster, 18 May, 1757. 

We heartily concur with you in thinking, that '' as there was a 
" Necessity to march three Companies of Col. Weisers Battalion 
" into Fort Augusta for the Defence of that Place, as many of the 
" neighbouring Inhabitants shou'd be taken into Pay for a certain 
^' Time, till that Detachment can be spared to return to its Station/' 
And we greatly approve of the Governor's Design of " ordering 
" them into the Forts, that the greatest Part of the Garrisons may 
" March against the Enemy.'' 

At the same time^ as it appears by the Return of the first Begi- 
ment now before us, dated the 14*^ Inst., that there were not then, 
and as we are informed as yet have not been any persons Employed 
m the Becruiting Service, we beg Leave to request that the Gover* 
Dor wou'd forwith issue his Orders to, and oblige the officers of the 
Defective Battalions, many of whose men have been long since dis- 
charged, to use their .utmost Endeavours in Becruiting and filling 
their respective Companies. 

If '' any of the Indians here can be prevailed on to act immedi- 
" ately and join our men, we much approve of your Intention' to'' 
propose << it to them, and of obtaining their Assistance on this dis* 
" tressiog occasion." 

We are, Sir, 

your most obed' Serv**. 

Jos. Gallowat, 
Ltnford Labdner, 
John Baynton, 
Wm. Masters. 
To the Honourable William Denny, Esq'. 


Earl of Holdernessb to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

(Duplicate.) Whitehall, 20*>^ May, 1757. 


The inclosed Extract of a Letter from Vioe Adm^ Townshend, to 
M^ Glevelandy together with the Affidavits thereunta annexed, will 
inform you of the Pjratical Behavioar of several Privateers, fitted 
out in North America, towards the Spaniards in the West Indies, 
particularly of the Peggy, of New York, one Hadden, Master, & of 
a Privateer from Halifax, commanded by one Snooker. It was with 
the greatest Indignation that Ilis Mnjesty received this Account of 
Proceedings on the part of Hi? Subjects, not only contrary to all 
Humanity & good Faith, but to the general Instructions'given to 
Privateers, & in direct breach of the Add^ one of the S*** of Oct**" 
last, wich Kegard to Spanish Ships ; And the King being deter- 
mined that the most rigorous justice shall bo put into Execution 
against such notorious Acts of Violence, has directed the Governors 
of New York & Nova Scotia to commence prosecution against the 
Owners, Masters, & Securities of the Two Privateers abovemention- 
ed ; And it is His Majesty's Pleasure, in case cither or both of them 
shall put into any Port within your Government, that you do cause 
them to be detained, giving immediate Notice to the Governor of 
New York of the Arrival |& Detention of the Peggy, Hadden Master^ 
& of that from Halifax, commanded by Snooke, to Gov' Lawrence, 
in order that they may send you such Directions thereupon as they 
shall judge most expedient for the Execution of the King's Com- 
mands, signified to them upon this occasion. 

Tho' the Add* Instruction abovementioned, of the S*** Oct*', has 
been transmitted to you from the Council office, T send you here- 
with some Printed Copies thereof, and am to signify to you His Ma- 
jestys pleasure, that you be particularly carefull, not only to deliver 
the same to all persons who shall hereafter take out Commissions for 
Privateers, but also. that whenever any Privateers come to the Ports 
in your Government, you do make enquiry whether they have al- 
ready received the s** Instruction, & in Case you have Reason to 
think they have not^ you will cause a Copy thereof to be deliver'd 
to the Comifaanders of such Privateers, & at the same time acquaint 
them that the Ki{ig is determined to require the most exact obe- 
dience thereto, &, that the several Prosecutions will be carried on 
against those who shall, in any mancer isict contrary to the same, & 
thereby endanger that Harmony which His Majesty is so desirous 
to preserve with the Court of Spain. 
I am, Sir, 
' Your most obedient " 

humble Servant, 


Deputy Gov' of Pensylvanla. 

PEIfNgrLVANlA AB3DHITBB' 1787. 101 


Lancaster, May 21, 1757. 
We agree to the Governors proposa.l of permitting Colonel Arm* 
strong to provide Horses and other necessar/s for the said Ezpedi« 
tioD, in case the same do not exceed Seven hundred & fifty Poands, 
k if they sbou'd, he is then to communicate his Design to the Go- 
Ternor immediately to be fiuthei: considered, agreeable to hiA Hoa- 
oors recommendation. 

Copy from the Minutes of the Provincial Commissioners. 


Wm. Parsons to Gov. Denny, 1757- 


Your Honour will pardon me for this Trouble, as my Duty obliges 
me to acquaint, that the Garrisons between the West Branch and 
Delaware River, all of them complain that they are almost without 
Powder, Lead and Flints. They are the more uneasy by reason of. 
the appearance of the Enemy, who, it is feared, will attack them in 
this unprepared Situation. Flints are as much Wanted as the other 

Commissary Young came to Town last Sunday about tioon, and on 
Tuesday about two, Afternoon, set out from hence for Fort Norris, 
Fort Allen, &c*., escorted by Capt* Busse and Reynolds ; Lieut. En* 
gell, who is going to take the Command of Fort^Norris, and Ensign 
Biddle with about 50 men, all in good Spirits. 

Teedyuscung is not come in, nor the Messengers that were sent to 
him are not yet returned, but some other Indians lately come down 
to Bethlehem, who met the Messengers going to Teedyuscung, say 
tbcy may be expected at Fort Allen life later End of this week. 

Tattamy has been hereabouts and at Fort Allen these two weeks 
past. He keeps his Errand quite a Secret from me. 
I am your Honours 

most obedient 

humble Servant; 

Easton, May the 26*% 1767. 

Flints for Coll* Weiser. 

On his Majesty's Service — To the Honble Colonel William Den- 
Dj, Esquire, Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania. 


Pj&iition from Northampton^ 17&7. 

To tlie Honourable William Denny, Esq'., Lieutenant Ooyemor 
apd Commander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, and 
Counties of New Castle^ Kent and Sussex, on Delaware, &c. 

The Petition of Frederick Alltemoss and John Canady on B^alf 
of the Inhabitance of the Townships of Lehigh and Alfenstown, in 
the County of Northampton, Most humbly sheweth : 

That the said Inhabitance are in the utmost Consternation ^H 
Confusion, and expect daily to be murdered by the Indians. 

That the said two Townships are now become the Frontiers of 
that Part of the Province, The Inhabitance beyond them towards 
the Mountains having all deserted their several Plantations. 

That within this Week past divers small Parties of Indians have 
been discovered ranging the Woods, which were supposed to be 
Spies, and some of them assaulted a Man with an Intent to rob 
him, two of said Indians were apprehended, but afterwards set to 

That the said Inhabitance apprehensive of Danger have agreed to 
keep a Party of Rangers. 

That twenty-five men out of the said Townships are daily xaoging 
on the Frontiers of the said Townships. 

That if the said Inhabitance don't get immediate Relief they are 
obliged to desert their Plantations, having already had a Meeting 
about the Matter, where they resolved to defend themselves wile 
Ithey are able, and that if they get no Succours they would altogether 
move in the more improved Parts of the Province. 

That in Case the said Inhabitance desert their respective Planta- 
tion, Bethlehem will then be the Frontier of that Part of the 

May it therefore Please your Honour to take the Premises ia 
Consideration, and grant your Petitioners a Company of Forces, or 
such other Relief as will assist the said Inhabitants to defend them- 
selves against the barbarious Cruiltiea of our Savage Enemies, And 
your Petitioners as in duty bound will every pray. 



Directed, — To his Honour Governor Denny, at Philadelphia. 
* Original in Qerman, numerously signed. 

The Cases op some oi the? CoMPLAlNAitrs againsi David' 
SusH AHD HIS Adhbb^kts^ &c.^ 1757. 

CdtiDiy of New Oastle, l0t,^6 mo.; 1757. 

ThU Case of Joseph N^ckols. 

Tbtt m or tibout tlie 22d day of 9th mo. last, I was snmmon'd 
to appear before David Bush, one of the Justices of the Peace for 
the GooBty of Newcastle, to shew my Reasons (as I understood it) 
for not complyiDg with the Act of Assembly, by inlisting myself to 
learn the art of War ; pursuant thereto I appeared, & informed the 
said Justice that my not complying was not out of any Contempt td 
the Law, but from a Scruple of Consciemee; Notwithstatiding on the 
16th of the 4th mo., being then some small distance from my House^ 
my Wife came & told mo that the Constable was come to take my 
Goods for not mustering ; I replied let him take what he pleases, 
upon which she said it was not Bradshaw, & that he had another ' 
man with him for Assistance^ at which I went with her to the 
Hoase & saw the Men, & ask'd for what they came there ; he (who 
caird himself the Constable) said that he was one of the Constables^ 
of Cbrisieen Hundred, I told him that I never knew any more than 
three Constables at a time in the Hundred, and them I knew very 
veil ; he replied that Bradshaw had been put in since the Court, but 
that he was the proper rcturn'd Constable ; I ask'd him at whoso 
Sait be came, &c., he said Esq"^. Bush & Armstrong; I desir'd him 
to shew me the Execution if he had one, which ho refus'd to shew ; 
I told him that I thought it was very reasonable, for another might 
eome after him & say he bad a Commission & take more Goods, & 
that I thought it was not reasonable to stand & see my House rifled 
before my Face by a man that had no Authority, upoq which he 
laid be wou'd come again & bring more men, I told him not to do 
Bo, for I woald not resist any Lawful Authority nor hurt one hair of 
his bead, but he should have brought the Plaintiff with him to in- 
demnify him for taking People's Goods without shewing Authority, might be brought to trouble by it, however if he wou'd shew 
his Execution (if he had one) he might do as he pleas' d, (or words 
to that purport,) but he went away without doing any thing ; but on 
the 22d day of the month he return'd as he had said & three men with 
him arm'd, & as soon as I saw him (I being going to the Mill with my 
Team loaded with Malt,) ask'd him if he had any authority, he made 
me no Beply, but stepp'd to the Fore horse, unloos'd one of hiff 
Cbaios, but they travelling along he left the horse, jump'd out of 
the Road into my Pasture, & said that he seiz'd that Cow, upon 
vhicb I look'd about, saw them, & said come out of my Inclosurea 
forthwith, for that they behav'd like Robbers, & if they did not 
come oat I would have them indicted as such, & pursuing my Jt>ur-~ 


ney saw do more of tbem, nor beard no.more about the Affiur until 
after the last Court of Quainter Sessions, at which I am inform'd he 
preferred a Bill agiMoet me for a Risque, whioh was found, & I was 
indicted, not suspecting any such thing was much surpriz'd, & went 
to New Castle & appl/d to the Clerk of the Sessions for a Copy of 
said Bill, which he refds'd me, & likewise would not suffer me to see 
it nor hear it read, which surpris'd me still more seeming if all was 
combined against me. 


The Case op Joshua Bakeb, the SOth, 5th mo., 1757. 

Because, for Conscience Sake, I could not take up Arms & muster 
I was fin'd ten Shillings, for which there Was an Execution from 
under the itand & Seal of David Bush, Esq'., by virtue of which 
there was taken from me the 22d of 4tb mo. 1757, One Cow valued 
to be worth Four PoundS; ten Shillings, this from under my Hand. 


The Case ov Buth Mendenhall, the 22d of 4th mo., 1757. 

Then there came four Men with Swords & Clubs to my Son, 
Stephen Mendinhall, one of which said that he was a Constable of 
the Hundred, & for a Fine demanded for my Son's not mustering 
they seiz'd & took a Cow, altho' I told them she was mine. }ilf 
Son coming home soon after, followed them & told them also that 
the Cow was mine, nevertheless they drove her away & sold her to 
pay the abovesaid Fine, which was ton Shillings, the Substance of 
all this I can prove by Evidence. The abovesaid Cow is thought to 
be reasonably worth Three Pounds, Five Shillings. 

New Castle County, Christiana \ 
Hundred, the 1st of 6th mo., 1757. j • 

The Son, ^Stephen Mei^denhall), was of full Age, master^of the 
femily; & had Effects Sufficient. 

The Case oe Thomas Nickolls. 

Some time about the 22d day of April last came to my Shop, 
Four Men with Swords & Staves, one of them bid me to give him 
&oods for a Fine due to Tho*. Ogle, which he said he had Authority 
from Squire Bush to take by Execution, I having Knowledge of the 
Man requested to flee his Execution, but he absolutely refused, stept 
in my Shop, took down my Saddle worth about £1. 10., which I 
condluded to let him take without Objection; but a Child of mine 


came ovk of said Shop, toM me the Man was taking down all th« 
Tools, upon which I went in & forbid him to take till he shew'd 
Autboritj, & he then went away, but some Days after came again, 
searcfaM my Pastures for Cattle, but they had broke out by Chance ; 
the next time he came he desir'd me in a calm manner to shew him 
Goods for the abovesaid Fine, I replied if he would please to tell 
Ogle from me, if he would come with him I would neither hide nor 
hinder him of any thing I was possess'd with ; before this I was in- 
formed this man's name was Souders, a l^gal Constable of Christiana 
Hundred. As to my Indictment or Proceedings at Court, it is in 
the same manner as is described in Jos^. Nickels' Acco*. 

GiTen under my hand this 1st Day of the 6th mo., 1757.'*' 

Cases of Complaints against D. Bush, 1757. 

The following are some of the Cases, Referred to in the Address, 
of which there are many others of the like kind which the Com- 
plainants will be ready to produce when the Governor may be pleas'd 
to hear them : 

An Account of the Proceeding against me the Subscriber hereof 
for not enlisting or pays my Fine imposed by a Militia Law of this 
Government, viz : 

I was Summoned to appear the 28"^ of the 10 mo. before David 
Bashi_one of the Magistrates of the County of New Castle, to give 
my Seasons why I did not comply with the said Law. I alleged I 
could not for Conscience Sake comply therewith, & therefore have a 
Right to be exempted by our Charter of Privileges granted to the 
Province & Tetritories, which Reasons I concluded was not adhcar'd 
to by what followed. 

For on the 1»' of the 11 mo. following, William Bradshaw, Con- 
stable, came to my House with an Execution which he levied on my 
Gun, (contrary to an express Paragraph of the aforesaid Law) 
which I valued at forty Shillinffs ; Abdtt Three Weeks after, on 
the 23' of the Same Month, he Drought back the Gun & took with 
him one of my Horses, Value Eight Pounds. On the 27** of the 
s* 11 mo. the s* Horse was sold for thirty-two Shillings & Sixpence 
to the Said Bradshaw, out of which he charges me two Shillings for 
Evidence returning the Gun, at which Time there was no Person 
with him Save a Boy, which I Suppose to be abo* Ten Years of Age, 
and Seven Shillings for keeping the Horse before Sold, notwith- 
standing the Tavern-keeper charged him no more than three Shil- 

* Sec Colon. Rec, Vol. Vli., p. 669. 


lings & fonrpence for four nights dtalleing. The above' being the 
needful at pesent. ' 

Willmington, the 11*^ Imo:, 1757. 

The Case of John Pjeb&y. 

The 12^ Day of the 8** Mo., 1756. Thomas Elliott, the Con- 
stable, came to me iieith an Execution from under th^ Hand of 
David Bush, Esq'., by which he demanded the sum of Ids. for not 
appearing at the Muster under Andrew Tranburg, Cap^^ & upon my 
refusing to pay Said Sum, he executed my Body Sc So remained till 
William Bradshaw, Oonstable^ a Creature, made So, as I Suppose 
for that Purpose, came to me with a Summons from s^ Bash to ap- 
pear & give my Reasons why I did not enlist myself & Appren- 
tice according to the Militia Law, which I did in Respect to my Ap- 
prentice, who, being of another Society, I said, he might if be 
would, that is, if his Parents were willing also, & at the same time 
obtain'd Leave of the Magistrate to give my Reasons for my^lf in 
Writing, nevertheless Judgment was obtained against me, & as I un- 
derstand an Execution was granted by said Bush & levied upon my 
Goods by said Bradshaw the 11*^ of the 11 mo., in my Absence & 
took away with him, viz : Three Hand-Saws, one Tenuent Saw, one 
Sash Saw, one Panicl Saw belong* to Ed. Fatnall, and two Carpenter's 
Adds^ worth a moderate compensation £5.13. 


The Case of James Robinson. 
An Aceonnt of the Proceedings ' of the Officers against me under 
the Militia Law, on the 12<»» of 8mo., 1?56. 

Thomas Elliot came with an Execution granted by Davfd Bush 
against me, for a Fine of Kifteen Shillings, at the Sute of/ Andrew 
Tranbergh, for not enlisting myself & apprentince, & took me 
Prisoner, but let me have my Liberty upon Promise that I would be 
ready when he should call upon me to take to Goal, So I contiaucd 
under that Circumstance untill the 16% when s' Ellit came again 
with the Same Execution & took one Saddle & Pair Boots, & kept 
them untill the 20^^, when he returned s' Goods & told me he had 
Orders from David Bush so to do. On the 21** 9mo. came William 
Bradshaw with a Summons for me to appear on the 23' of s' mouth 
in Order to give my Reasons why I did not enlist. I appeared & 
gave my Reasons to said Mush & Tranberg, but they was not taken 
as Satisfaction; but on or about the 12'*' llmo. came Said Bradshaw 


with two Ezeoations acunst me, one of them for not enlisting my 
Apprentice Lad, though I was never called upon to give my Reasons 
why I did not enUst him, & took from me for a Fine of Forty Shillings 
each, one Hide of Seal Leather, 16} lb, & one Hide of upper lOi lb 
worth one Pound^ fifteen Shillings & tcnpence, & sold them all at 


A L'lst of the Fines & Cost npon the two Executions taken from 

4 Jlfyoton. 

Fine & Cost, £0.12.6 

Execution, ...... 1 

Qualify* Apprais"*, .... 16 

Ditto's Fees, ... 4 

Sale, 3 

The same Cost of that Relat« my Lad, 18.4 

Totall, . . . £1.16.8 

The Case of Richard Carsan. 

Bj an Execution granted by David Bush against me, for fifteen 
ShilUngs, at the Sute of Andrew Tranberg, for not cnlistiog & ap- 
pearing under the present Militia Law, on the 12^^ 8mo., 1756, 
Thomas EUitt, Constable, took me Prisoner & took my word to be 
ready to go to Prison when he should call upon me, so I continued 
under that Obligation untill the 16^ of the same month, when ho 
cane with the same Execution & for the same Fine, & took from mo 
three Pair of Shoes, Value Eighteen Shillings ; on the 20*'* returned 
them & said he was ordered so to do. On the 21*^ Omo. William 
Bracha (Bradshaw) came with a Summons for me to appear on the 
23^ of s' month to give my Reasons why I did not inlist. When I 
appeared & gave my Reasons they was not taken as Satisfaction by 
b' Tranberg & Bush but on the 11*" of the llmo. came the aforcb^ 
Bracha (Bradshaw) with an Execution for 10s., being for the same 
neglect as I was executed for at first, except ye appear^, & took from 
me four P' Shoes, value twenty Seven Shillings, & Sold them at 


Vol, ni.— 8 


Thb Oabb of William Shipley, Jun'. 

An Account of my Suffering for not complying with the Militia 

On the 30^ llmo., 1756, I was Summoned to appear before 
David Bush, Esq'., for not enlisting myself in Andrew ^ranbergfs 
Company. I appeared & gave for Reasons that it was inconsistent 
with my Principles to destroy my Fellow Creatures, therefore could 
not enlist as a Soldier, but which I suppose was not taken as suffi- 
cient, for Some Time after came one Bradshaw, a Constable, with 
Paice, his Assistant ; notwithstano^pg there were other Goods enough 
in my House, executed a Cradle in which lay my In&nt not 3 
months old, near unto Death, which for some Days they left there, 
but when they came to take it away for to sell my Infant was taken 
out & died in a few Days. The Cradle was worth twenty ShiU'gs, 
& they likewise took an Iron Pott worth nine Shillings, Three Chairs 
worth nine Shillings & a Wheelbarrow worth two Shillings, all for a 
a Fine of Ten Shillings. 


The Case of Henry Troth. 

An Account of the Proceedings against me for not enlisting 
according to a Militia Law. 

Having Summonedjne & two of my Apprentices to appear before 
David Bush, Esq'., to give our Reasons for not enlisting. The 11^ 
of the llmo., 1756, William Bradshaw, Constable, came to my shop 
& took a Case of Draws, value four Pounds, three & 4', & the same 
Day he sold them, as I heard, for twenty-six Shillings& Sixpence. He 
never shewed me the Execution nor told me whether he took it all 
on my Account or for me & my Prentices. 


Address of Representatives of N. J. to Gov. B., 1757. 

To His Excellency, Jonathan Belcher, Esq., Captain General and 
Governor in Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of New 
Jersey, and Territories thereon depending in America, Chancellor 
and Vice- Admiral in the same, &o. 

The Humble Address of the Representatives of the said Province 
in General Assembly met. 

May it please your Excellency ; 

We, His Majesty's dutiful and loyal Subjects, the Representatives 
of the Colony of New Jersey; in General A^ssembly convened; beg 


Leire to obaerre, that we liave duly oonsid^red the eereral Letten 
andPedtioQS referred to in joar Ezoellencj's Speech. 

As to the Letters from the Secretary of State, we have already 
anticipated the Necessity of the first of them, by granting the sup- 
ply therein mentioned, before it came to Hand ; and as to the latter 
of them, we acknowledge, with Gratitude, His Majesty's paternal 
Care, in ordering a naval Assistance for our Protection, in Case the 
same should be*needed : And, as faithful Subjects, we have already 
exerted onrselves to the tltmost, for strengthening the offensive 
Operations against the French, even as fully as our Sovereign, by 
the Letter fii^ abovementioned, has requested^ without clogging the 
iDiistment of the Men, though our Number might have been more 
considerable, had not your Excellency insisted on restricting the 
Time for sinking the Money struck on that, and the late similar 
Occasions, to so short a Period, and in Case we had otherwise 8u<y 
oeeded in our Application for a Paper Currency ; being truly con* 
cerned, that our Zeal for the common Cause, should be unhappily 
cramped through those Obstructions ; which, we promise ourselves, 
will he removed ; observing with Pleasure and Gratitude, His Ma- 
* jesty's kind Assurances, couched in His most Gracious Speech from 
the Throne, signifying his paternal Regard for America; His 
Willingness to remove any Ground of Disatisfaction ; and recom« 
mending it to His faithful Commons, to lay the Burthens they might 
jadge unavoidable, in such a Manner as would least distress and 
exhaust His People : Glorious Maxims indeed ! well worthy the 
Great King who has adopted them } and highly expedient to be 
observed, amidst the Calamities and Confusion of War ; and we 
fally depend they will take Place in our Relief, as extraordinary 
and uncommon Events have rendered an Alleviation to our Burthen 
absolutely necessary. 

We are of Opinion this Colony has furnished the Carriages and 
Stores requisite for the King's Service, when demanded, with as 
great Chearfulness and Expedition as any Colony on the Continent; 
and, at their own Expence, have transported the Baggage of two 
Regiments, receiving the Thanks of the principal Officer for the 
same; and have be^n Turther honoured with his Lordship's kind 
Acknowledgement of their Civility and Heartiness : And it gives us 
great Concern, to find his Lordship should now complain of any 
Obstruction to the Service, which, we have Reason to suppose, 
must be owing to some Misrepresentations that may have been made 
him, as we have not heard of any real Cause of Complaint ; we hope 
that on Enquiry, it will appear without Foundttion. 

This House, truly sensible of the impending Danger brought up- 
on his Majesty's Northern Colonies, by the ill Success of the War, 
have thought it their indispensable Duty to provide, by every prac- 
ticable Method, for the Security of this and the neighbouring 
Colonies, by putting the Militia upon a good and serviceable Foot- 
ing; and we havc; by a Bill now scut up to tho Council; put it in 


.the Power of your Bzoellencj and Ckmneili to march a great Body 
of Militia to the Defence of our Neighbours, whenever they ahall be 
atteoked ; in full Confidence, that your Ezeellency and the Oomieil, 
will use this Power with a tender Regard to the Peopb of thia 
Colony; and wiU be assured, from the Governments who require 
our Assistance, that the Articles they are to supply, shall be ready 
for the Aocommodation of our Troops, when they enter sueh Colony: 
And this Provision will, we hope, fully answer the Purposes designed 
by the Demand of the idilitia, on the Requisition of Major General 

Before his Lordship's Letters came to Hand, we complied with 
His Majesty's just Expectations, so far as the same have been signi- 
fied to us, and the Circumstances of the Colony would admit. 

On reading Governor Denny's Letter, we observe, that the Oom- 
jnissioners for Pennsylvania on Indian Affairs, have heard that 
Commissioners on the Part of this Colony, were to be present at the 
Treaty therein mentioned ; but on inspecting our own Journal, we 
find that the Committee appointed for inquiring into Indian Afiairs 
were confined to this Colony only ; beyond the Limits whereof, we 
have never been conoemed in any Indian Treaty. ' 

We have taken the Situation of our distressed Frontiers into Con- 
sideration, and provided for the Defence thereof; but as the Supplies 
necessary for this Occasion, must derive from Bills of Credit to' be 
issued, we hope to be relieved in sinking the same by some proper 
Expedient ; without endeavouring for which, we should not demon- 
strate our tender Regard for the People. And we have provided for 
Payment of the^ Militia posted on the Frontiers, until relieved by 
the Forces directed to be raised for that Purpose. 

As North America has become the Seat of War, we have pot 
hitherto been inattentive to the important Event, and hope we shall, at 
all Times, discharge our Duty to our King and Country in this extra- 
ordinary and dangerous Crisis. 

We have given the greatest Dispatch to the publick Business, and 
should willingly return to our domestick Affairs, in which wb have 
greatly suffered for a long time past, through our frequent Attend- 
ance on the publick Service ; and having now provided for every 
Exigence in the best Manner we can, should be glad of a Recess, as 
those frequent Sittings are not only expensive to the Publick, but 
also very prejudicial and fatiguing to ourselves. And permit us to 
observe, that should the Small-Pox spread in this Town, we shall 
depend on your Excellency not to call us hither until it be over, as a 
Number of us have never Uad that Infection. 

By Order of the House, 


Assembly Chamber. 
June 2d, 1757. 


His Ezeellency was then pleased to give his Assent to the foUow- 
ng Bills enacting the same, viz : 

[1*^ An Act for raising and maintaining 120 effective roen^ for 
the Defence of the Frontiers of the Colony of New Jersey.] 

Col. John ARMSTRONa to Gov. Djbnny, 1757. 

Carlisle, 2* June, 1757. 

May it please Y' Hon' : 

Tour favonr of the 21*' May was delivered me yesterday by 
Colo*. Stanwix, who encamped here on the 30^^ Ultimo, all Well : 

lo regard of an excursion to the Enemies Country, it will be ex* 
pedient to know the Minds of the Cberokees, after the receit of their 
present, and it's necessary that some person be empowered to 
promise them rewards for future Services. Mr. Croghan says he 
*hafl not that power, which is very strange, the other Governments 
being so explicit on that point. 

To-morow Cap*« Croghan sends an express to the Cberokees, to 
come to meet him, and I believe designs to augment the Provindal 

Colonel Stanwix treats me with much civility. I do according 
to y*^ Hono" Orders assist him in every thing I can, and shall obey 
bis Orders. 

We are at a great loss that the bounty Money for enlisting during 
the War is not sent up, no promises will do. There is a particular 
time for giving the Money, wherefore it should be alwais ready. 
The Shamokin Officers have rec* Cash to defray the expence of re- 
emiting, but ours have not, tho' we want about 60 Men. We hear 
from Fort Frederick that Major Lewis, with a party of Cberokees, 
has brought in five Scalps & Nineteen Prisoners. This matter I 
believe to be fact, and that t^ey have surprized the Enemy on their 
March this way, as did Cap^ Paris & his Company. 
I am. Sir, your Honour's most Obedient 

Humb* Serv*, 

Governor Denny. . 

To The Hon'Me William Denny, Esq'., 

Governor & Commander-in-Chief of the 

Province of Pennsylvania, &o., 

in Philadelphia. 


Lord Loudoun to Gov. Denny, 175T. 


As the Fleot is now ready to Sail; I take this Opportunity to ac- 
quaint you, that in Conjunction of Sir Charles Hardy, we have 
agreed that the Einhargo should not be any longer continued, on 
account of tbe Service we are now going on, than Seven days after 
we are Sailed from this Port; but we think it absolutely necessary 
that it should be continued so long, in order to prevent the Enemy 
from having Intelligence of our motion, from any Ship they may 
take, and it will not be taken off here any sooner. 

I shall leave my Letters with Lieutenant Governor De Lancey, to 
be forwarded to you as soon as we sail. 
I am^ with great Respect, 

Your most obedient 

Humble Servant, 

The Hon"* William Denny.^ 

Petition from Northampton, 1757. 

To the Honourable WILLIAM DENNY, Esq'., Lieutenant Gover- 
nor and Commander in Chief in and over the Province of Pen- 
sylvania, and Counties of ^ew Castle, Kent and Sussex, upon 
Delaware, and Captain General of the same. 

The Petition of the few remaining Inhabitants of the Township of 
LowerSmithfield, in the County of Northampton, and in the Pro- 
vince of Pensylvania, 

Most Humbly Shewcth : 

That the scituation of the Petitioners being part of the Frontiers 
of the Province, have for some time past suffered many and great 
Difficulties by the Excursions of the Savages, nntill your Hon" 
accession to this Province, and the Treaty held with the Indians at 
Easton, which afforded the prospect of a Peace, and gave yonr Pe- 
titioners encouragement to return to their Farms, in order to Plant 
and to Support their Distressed Familys in a peaceable manner ; 
But so it has happened, and please your Honour, to our inexpressible 
surprize, those perfidious murderers have renewed their Barbarities 

♦ See Col. Rec. VoL Vn., p. 669. 


bj Killing, Scalping, and Captiyating the Inhabitants in a most 
dreadful manner, which has oblidged your honours petitioners to 
assemble wth their Familja together for their Better defence ; But 
as the number of men now here will not be sufficient to defend 
themselves and Familys any long time against the Enemy, they 
must inevitably, either fall into their hands to be massacrey'd or de- 
sert the post now at , Either of which must be attended with 

fatal Consequences to the next Frontiers, and being well assured 
(under those dismall apprehensions) that the next under Divine 
Providence your Honour is our Protector, and therefore Desire that 
oar Deplorable Circumstances may be taken into Consideration, and 
that such relief therein may be Granted, as your Honour in your 
Wisdom shall direct, and your Honours Petitioners as in duty bound 
Shall ever Pray.* 

Edmund Atkin to George Croghan, 1757. 

Winchester, the 8*' June, 1757. 

\Vhen we parted at Philad», the 26** of March, I desired you not 
to fail of sending after me an account of the result of the Confe- 
rences you was then going to hold with the Susquehanna and other 
Indians, at Lancaster, or Harris's Ferry, in Pennsjivania. On the 
same Day, hearing the certainty of a large party of Cawtabas & 
Cherokees being got so far as the Virginia Settlements, in order to 
go against the Shawnesse, as the propriety of the making Peace orWar 
between them, depended intirely on the result of those Conferences. 
I acquainted you therewith by Letter, (which M'. Pemberton under- . 
took to convey to you) and that I should not incline, when 1 reached 
Williamsburgh, to turn my back whilst those Cawtabas or Chero- 
kees should stay, nor untill I should here from you, and therefore I 
prayed you to send me the earliest Intelligence you could for tho 
determination of my conduct, wherefore, as I have not had the fa* 
Tour of a Line from you evet since, it hath given me not a little 

When I reached this Colony I found it just on the Brink of Con- 
fusion and distraction, by means of the very Indians that had been 
drawn with great pains and exp^ce to its assistance. For no per- 
son ptetended to much knowledge or acquaintance with them and 
their affairs, the Persons employed as Conductors or Interpreters 
(there being no regulation entred into) carried them chiefly through 
the Heart of the Settlements, disorders were committed, and the 
Inhabitants terrified every where. There had then gone up, & were 
going to this Place and Fort Cumberland 124 Cawtabas, 148 Chero- 

* Signed by 21 persons. Bead in Council, June 6, 1767. 


kees, 57 Tusks and other Tributary Indians ; 128, part of tbe said 
Cherokees, then on their way thro' Lonenberg County, not finding 
what Presents they expected there at the Court House, & extorting 
promisses, committed the most flagrant outrages and violence, frigh6- 
ening, plundering, and even ravishing one poor Girl & killing a 
Chickasaw in their Company for reproving them. In a word, as Col. 
Head wrote to Governor Dinwiddie, they behaved like Free Bootera 
in an Enemys Country. And though they received a Considerable 
Present at Bedford Court House, yet they bullied with Insolent 
Speeches the Commanding officer of Fort Loudon, at this Place, 
when they got to it after, to such a degree, that he promised them 
every thing they could want, and they made out accordingly tbe 
most extravagant List of their Demands before they would Stirr a 
Step to War; you must know that Wawhatchee, Chief of air the 
Southern Cherokee Towns, And another Captain, commonly called 
the Swallow, are the Leaders of all those Cherokees, except 13 over 
Hillpcople, under Yatahnou, called tho Young Warrior of Tellasee } 
those lower Cherokees are from five Towns, the worst behaved in tbe 
Nation, and Wawhatchee, perhaps himself the greatest rogue among 
them, most certainly of unbounded avarice, well and long known to 
me in particular, & not having the least regard for the English, fur- 
ther than he can get Presents from them. Hints are given, that on 
failure of the Governor sending what they expected, they should turn 
back, pay themselves, and porhaps Scalp some people. 

The Governor & Council being greatly alarmed, & dreading tbe 
Consequences, when so many different Indians were got together, re- 
quested me unanimously (while I was waiting for Lord Loudouns Di- 
rections) to come up hither, as being indispensably necessary for tbe 
Service in General. Just as I was ready to start out, the Cawtabas 
came all down to Williamsburgh, on their way homeward, the 11^ 
of last month, except a small party of 11, who have gone home since 
greatly dissatisfied, & for Different reasons resolved to go home. I 
prevailed on them twice to consent to send back one or two parties, 
but it was as oft frustrated officious Interposition of others, who ei- 
ther affronted them or ridiculously coaxed them ; So that at last tbey 
left tho Town in sueh an ill humour that it has gave infinite uneasi- 
ness, and the Government gave me unlimited power to Satisfy tbem. 
I went after them to James Town Ferry, by a private agreement I 
made, where, after adjusting matters satisfactory in Behalf of tbe 
Virginia Government that sent for them, without Five pounds £x- 
' ponce, or any promise given of a farthing Value ; I spoke to tbcm 
in the name of the King, which produeed all the good effect I could 
possibly desire, and I think I may venture to say they will be at 
my devotion. They have offered to send relieving Parties, to enter 
Virginia only bj^ my Passports, with proper Conducters up hither, 
the direct Way by the old War path, the number limited and the 
reward to be ascertained and paid in proportion to the Service, & 
the time of Serving. This Government is resolved to strengthen m j 


fianJfl, and enable-me ho bring tbeir IndUn A&in und^r a proper 
regaktion, beiog convinced they have no other way to pat a stop to 
k reduce their present vast Ezpence, to render themselves quiet 
in their Settlements, & obtain a more Effectual assistance from the 
Indians. They have put their Presents in my sole disposal, & de- 
sired me to appoint a Commissary to take Charge of and deliver 
them, & Conductors or Interpreters, &o. And Proclamations hav^ 
iog been issued in Support of my Commission^ particularly warning 
all persons not to go unless authorized by me to any of the Indian 
Coontrys, or to bring any.Indians into the Settlements, nor to come 
themselves with them, nor to interfere with me in ahy part of mj 

I got to this place the S** Ins*., where I found Wawhatchee with 
46 of his people, (besides one -woman) &| Tatahnou, with his 
13, waiting for me, after their return from Maryland & Pennsylva- 
nia, where Capt" Paris, not pursuing the Orders he went out with, 
and baulking a particularly Service intended had carried them to 
offer their Services. This Governor Binwiddie thought wrong, as tho 
Indians were brought to the assistance of this Colony, & supported 
with great Expence to it, & Captain Paris was in its pay and Ser- 
vice by his Commission. Tho' had he not taken, as he did, another 
Commission from Governor Sharpc, I was im powered by Governor 
Dinwiddle to- discharge, him in his name, on account of the many 
Complaints he had received against him in other Kespccts. In my 
way to the Town, I' was informed by an half Breed Cawtaba, that 
Wawhatchee's Party had formed a Resolution of going into all the 
White Peoples Houses in their way homeward and of taking what- 
ever they liked, and that they even advised him to do the same. 
At my arrival, I was told they resolved to set off the next Day, a little 
while after I was in the House Wawbatchee came with most of his 
people to see me, I seem'd to take but little notice of him, & in a fe^ 
minutes he said he wanted to hear what I had to say. I told him when 
I was ready to speak to him, I would let him know it. When would 
that be? I said I had given an answer already. Would it be to 
morrow ? Then I told him itwou'd be whenever I pleased; where- 
apon, he started up as the rest did after him, and bolting out of the 
Koom, he went to his Quarters & gave orders to his people to get 
every thing together to set off immediately. Yahtanou, who had not 
been present, being sent for by him, came and asked me what had 
offended him, & being told ridiculed it. He undertook, voluntarily, 
to diswado hun from going off directly, & did so. In the mean time 
every one else seemed frightened ; But I knew of how much impor- 
tance it was to the Honour of this Government, the security of the 
Settlement The Kings service in every thing else to come after & 
to my own Credit, that I should not be hurried as others have been. 
In the Evening I had YatanoQ with me, in order to throw out some 
Things for him to work upon Wawbatchee, at Second Hand. Whilo 
he was with me, WawtLatchee sent for him to Council; & soon after 



■sent word to him to tell me, that if I did not talk to him that vetj 
night he would set off in the morning early. I bid Yatawnau 
to tell him I would not, and he might go if he pleased. Bat he had 
best take care what he was about, for that if he would not stay 
and hear the Kings talk from me, I would follow him to his Coun- 
try and make him hear me in presence of all the Nations. This had 
effect, for as he owned to others that he knew me at first sight ; ha 
was, in truth, afraid of me, knowing how near he was by my means 
to be put to Death in his own Town of Kuwee, for the protection 
he gave to the murders of M'. George Haig, and he no doubt ima> 
gined I was cbme to call him to an account for what he and his 
people had committed in this Colony. The next morning, after wait- 
ing patiently, he took care to let me know at Second Hand, that if 
I had a mind to talk Cross, he could talk Cross too. But if I would 
talk good 80 would he ; upon this overture I sent for him, Yatah- 
nau & their Seconds, to a private Conference, in which I let him 
know the nature and design of my Commission. 

^' That I was sent by the King to manage every thing with them 
*^ and the other Southern Indians, and all the King's Children in 
f' these four Southern Colonies, That I was his mouth between them 
'^ all, and henceforth they were to regard nothing but what came 
'^ from* my Mouth, or they saw under my Seal, That they could 
^'.receive no more presents but from me, and that they had no more 
<^ to do with the Governors, who were only to mind the affairs of 
*^ the white people,'' (agreeable whereto I delivered a Letter under 
the Hand and Seal of the Governor of Virginia, expressing ihat he 
had left everything to me,) ''That I should visit the Indians my- 
'' self, and see into every thing that was amiss for their and our 
'' mutual Good. " That I knew many wrong things had been done 
'' on both sides ; but I was not come to look back, for that the King 
*^ had only sent me to join with their head men in wiping of the 
'' Kust from the Chain between them, & in keeping it bright for 
'' ever after. That the King had appointed another beloved Man, 
'' Sir W". Johnson to be his Mouth with the Six Nations and other 
'' Northward Indians, between you and all his other Children near 
'' them, and to act in like manner, He and I were now Brothers, & 
'' should let each other know everything. That I had a Belt and 
'' Strings of Wampum from the Six Nations," &c., &c. During this 
Conference their Countenances visibly cleared up and grew Chearf ul. 
Wawbatcbee declared he did not expect at first to hear any thing 
good from mo for that he had been used to hear a great many ^iif- 
ferent kinds of Talks. He might have hearkened to me, but shoad 
not have regarded me, let me come from what Province soever, 
especially Carolina, That he had not slept the night before, but that 
now he was easy and quite satisfied, being convinced I came directly 
from the King. He made Excuses for his Behaviour which he 
own'd was wrong, & owing to the Prejudice and ill Opinion he bad 
conceived; but woud make amends by his Behaviour here- 


after* and if I won'd let bim know in Time of mj doming to hH 
CoQDtrej, he wou'd Collect all the Head Men and Warriors of the 
Nation, k come about 100 or 150 miles to meet me, and carry me 
into tbcir Towns, where they would hold me fast, & mind whatever 
I should say. I then told them that they were Strangers in these 

ertS; and the People unacquainted with them. That from some 
tiogs I had heard in my Way to the Southward, I fear'd some 
Mischief wou'd happen which made me come out of the Way so far 
to talk with them. Upon which Wawhatchees second got up, and 
faking me by the Hand thanked me most heartily, for he said it was 
true there wou'd have been a great deal of Mischief which 'I had 
now prevented. Wawhatchee confirmed it, thanked me in like 
manner, as did the others. In the Evening I had another private 
Conference with them wherein I enquired into the Occasion of their 
eoming here ; told them that I wou d see the Engagements of this 
Government fulfilled according to the Treaty made last Year with 
them & the Cawtabaws, & that for the future when this Service was 
wanted I would agree with them for their Reward before they came 
and wou'd perform my premisses. There should be no Disputes or 
nncertainties about tbcir reward, Wawhatchee said he was glad to 
find they had now such a Friend, it did not signify to say much now 
here, their Towns being the most proper place. He was in haste 
before to go with the good News of the Kindness they received in 
Maryland, but now he was in more baste. 

The next Morning being the 5th, just as I was going to deliver 
the Presents of this Government, and to cancel their Engagements, 
k then to hint to the Chcrokees the Regulation intended by me, as 
I had done to the Catawbaw's, Capt" Paris ahew'd me a Letter from 
you to him dated at Carlisle the 8d with a String of white wampum 
to invite the Cherokees under his Command to meet you with him 
at Port Loudoun " in Pennsylvania to receive a present provided by 
'' that Government, which had been before mention'd to them by 
''Colonel Armstrong, and to tell them the Mohawks bad sent one 
"of their Chief men along with you to brighten the Chain of Friend- 
'^ship between them and the Cherokee Nation, but not to deliver 
'4hat Message until the Business transacting between them and 
" this Government should be finished." * Without Doubt you had 
no notice of my being hereabouts. But you will be Sensible from 
what I said before, that Capt* Paris had no command here, having 
discharged himself by accepting of a Commission in another Govern- 
ment. He nor any other person could negotiate any matter with 
the Indians in my department without my Jjeave. ^By the way he 
is a man whom I shall by no means ever Intrust with the Conduct 
of Indian concerns, tho' I believe be is a fit man to head a party in 
the Woods, & I have been obliged to make use of bis Tongue, on 
this Occasion upon oath as Interpreter.) Tho' I gave all the Cau- 
tion possible not to let the Cherokees know the Message, yet they 


were sooa made acqaainted witb it by more ihaa ono far differaAt 
Beasons and purposes. 

The alteration was visible. Tho' they had not once before touched 
upon Presents with me, & were disposed to receive thankfully what^ 
ever I should have given them, yet when I came after to produce 
the presents of the Oovernor (more than sufficient to perform hia 
Engagements, & by no means contemptible,) to be divided between 
the Cherokees now here, and those still out at War with the Swal- 
low. Wawhatchee looked on them with disdain, said they were not 
worth dividing, wou'd rather leave them all for the Swallow & go up 
to go away. As this Government had it nearest Heart to get them 
away well satisfied, to prevent Mischief, I told him if he bad th« 
Conscience to take all and leave none for the Swallow and his 
People, be might, and he did so without Remorse, Tbi$ will be an 
additional Expence to Virginia. Then I told him in a proper man- 
ner of the Letter & String of Wampum from you which I shou'd, 
and said if they were willing to stay and go out again to War, I 
wou'd send for you for that I would not promise them any Thing 
till I knew what I cou'd do from your own mouth. To this Waw- 
hatchee & Yatanore seemed indifferent, not at all inclined to receive 
:the String, but pretended afterwards they would this morning .say 
something to me, But neither came, Instead thereof Yahtanore hav- 
iog got drunk set out early with his 13 overhill men Homeward. 
And all Wawhatchee's People (except seven or eight that staid with 
■him, & the other prisoner a young Delaware,) pushed of towards 
Fort Fredrick without anj men of Consequence among them, and 
without my Knowledge in their way, no Doubt to Fort Loudoun, 
That is Wawhatchee hath sent them to levy Contributions there, as 
he hath done all the Course of their Journey, and then post off 
homeward with the same before the Swallow & his people, (98 men) 
who I have sent for and are most likely to Stay & do Service can 
come and take part. For Wawhatchce's People go meerly to get 
the Presents, & walk of with the whole. At tbe same time they are 
to make me a Liar, after haviDg first told thorn they are now only to 
talk with me, and can have no presents but from my Hands. 

It was on purpose to prevent all partial & local Regard and the 
many ill Consequences arising by different Ways of talking, treating 
and acting with Indians that his Majesty was pleased for the Good 
of all his American Subjects without distinction, to appoint two 
Superintendants for the management of all the Indian Affairs divided 
into two Districts, free from any particular provincial Influence. 
Sir William Johnson and myself you know were to correspond with 
other, but neither of us meant to treat with or to give Presents to 
the Indians in the others District, which' would tend to distroy en- 
tirely the proper Weight & Influence of each in his own Department, 
much less should any Colony Treat with or give Presents to them, 
and by outbidding each other lose the Benefit of the very Service 
they want, Enhance each others Expence as well as the Kings of 


GoBseqveDoey & distract hb Majesties Meutures tbal b tlie Qeneral 

Service of the whole. The Giving Presents is so Essential a part 
of my office that without that Power in my Hands, it is impossible 
for me to do his Majesty any Service at all, & any interfereing w^ 
me therein, as well as in talkiAg, is strilcing directly at the Boot of 
my Commission. 

I know it is in my Power to serve effeotnally both Maryland and 
Pennsylvania, by the same measures I take for Virginia, if they will 
eoDtribute their parts towards the Ezpenoe (on a Footing that may 
be done to their own intire satisfaction,) and I can do it at a vastly 
cheaper Sate, than they can possibly proeure it themselves. It is 
my Desire to give them all the assistance in my power. Bat they 
will put it out of my power to give them any if they intermeddle 
with the Indians under my Direction, and will not be able to pro- 
cure it themselves. On the Contrary tho' they do not see it, yet 
they are taking the only way to Tax themselves without -Bounds, 
upon the whole in my opinion, it is absolutely necessary for his Ma- 
jesty's Service, that you stop and send baok to me the Oherokees 
DOW gone from hence to you, referring matters to me seeing I am 
here, and that you came over here as the Distance is but little, to 
consult and Confer with me on this Occasion, f(H* I think every 
thing is at Stake in this District. It will give me great Pleasure to 
see you here as soon as possible, for which purpose I shall wait your 
answer, tho' much wanted to the Southward, hoping by that means 
to establish some Bule of proceeding at this Juncture, eoually 
Beneficial to all the neighbouring Colonies, For it's impossible to 
transact a thing of this nature by writing only. I expect to see here 
daily Richard Smith, (an Excellent Interpreter,) with at least the 
Chiefs of the Cherokees now out at War between Fort Pleasant and 
Fort Cumberland : and that will be a good Opportunity for yon to 
be here, with the Mohawk in your Company. 
I am Sir, 

Your very bile Serv*., 


9th P. S. I have warned Duning your Express (whom I have de- 
tain'd in the Elurry I am in till I could give you this detail,) not to 
carry over Powtomack Wawhatchee's people, who I understand are 
waiting for him or I^ris, or both, untill he shall hear from you. 

As I am informed by Duning, Col. Stanwix is at Carlisle, a copy 
of thiij for hfs Information, ( too late to be sent to Lord Loudoun,) 
will be very proper (with my Compliments) and I wish you would 
send another to Sir W"*. Johnston, to whom I shall write soon my- 

George Croghan, Esq'. 
Letter of Edmund Atkiu; Esquire, Superintendent of Indian 


Affairs in the Southern District, to Mr. Croghan. Inclosed in Col. 
Stanwix's Letter of 13th June. Laid before the Council, 23d 

List of Justices of Bucks County, 1757. 

Bucks County. 

List of Justices of the Peace who have taken the QualificatioDs bj 
Virtue of the last Comission of the Peace, Dated the 9th Day of 
June, Anno Domini, 1752. 

Affirmed, Abraham Chapman, Dead. 
Sworn, Mathew Hughes, very old and Infirm. 
Sworn, Simon Butler. 

Affirmed, Ennion Williams, scarce ever Comes to Court and refasefl 
to give an oath. 

Affirmed, Richard Mitchell. 

Sworn, John Abraham Denormandie, In the Assembly. 

Sworn, Alexander Graydon. 

Affirmed, Thomas Jannej. 

Sworn, Richard Walker. 

Sworn, John Jamison. 

Affirmed, William Buckley, refuses to give an oath. 

Sworn, John Hart, old, Impaired by apoplexy. 

Affirmed, John Chapman. 

Sworn, John Willson. 

Affirmed, William Rodman, refuses to give the oath, &c. 

Affirmed, Gilbert Hicks. 

More named in the same Comission who have not taken the 
Qualification, viz^. 

Mahlon Kirkbride, refuses. 
Langhorne Biles, refuses. 
Septimus Robinson. 
John Watson, Jun'., refuses. 
William Paxson, refuses.*}" 

* Referred to, Col. Reo. Vol. VII. p. 598. 

t Sec Colon. Rec. Vol. VII. p. 437, also Vol. VI. p. 388, 578. 


Edmund Atkin to Gov. Sharpb, 1757. 

Winchester, June 12th, 1757. 

I am very much obliged to your Excellency for your Favour of 
the 1st Instant, which came to my hand last Sunday, giving me a 
Copy of the Message or Letter sent to you from the Party of Chero- 
kees, carried by Cap^ Pearis into Maryland the 29th of April last, 
and of the Transactions that passed afterwards at Fort Frederick on 
jour Frontier, between them and the two Gentlemen whom you sent 
to hold a Treaty with them ; imagining I was returned to South 
Carolina. It gave me much satisfaction, because it furnished me 
timely with the necessary Information that I wanted for my conduct, 
and put it in my power at the same time to send you some proper 
Bemarks, which may be useful Hints for your own hereafter. 

Permit me first to rectify an Error which yon seem to be under, 
by saying you heard I was expected here in a few Days to hold a 
Trtaty with the Indians that came to Virginia by Gov'. Dinwiddie's 
Invitation ; and to make them a present. My Business is to make 
a new Treaty in his Majesty's Name, in Behalf of all his Subjects 
without Distinction in North America, with every Nation of Indians 
in my Department, that are willing to be in Friendship with them ; 
as the only Basis of the future Quiet & Security of the whole. This 
I was bending my Course to the Indian Countries to do in their 
Towns. The Impropriety of any particular Colony entering into a 
Treaty with Indians, for itself separately, will appear from hence at 
first view. But nothing can deserve the Name of a Treaty, that 
hath not certain Articles and Conditions stipulated to be performed 
on both Sides, by those who have a power to do it. Now his Ma- 
jesty bath put a Stop to the Exercise of such a Power by the several 
Colonies, each for themselves, which could not but clash frequently 
with each other's Good ; and taken it into his own Hands as his 
Prerogative, by appointing two Agents and Superintendents, to 
manage and transact all affairs with the Indians, divided into two 
Districts or Departments. And with Respect to the Indians, what- 
ever particular Parties or Numbers of them may be brought, by 
BiDt of Presents to say or promise for their Nation, when in our 
Settlements; yet their greatest men having no Power to do so when 
from Home, it hath in their own Sense of Things, no Validity fur- 
ther than their present Convenience, because according to Indian 
Polity, the Consent of their whole people is necessary before any 
thing can take Place effectually. — There is in your answer to that 
part of the Message you received from the Cherokees before men- 
tioned, taking Notice, that upon coming to Fort Frederick, they 
found themselves no longer in Virginia but in another Government 


a very just and proper Remark made to them ; ^' that the Yirgiaiaaa 
'^ and jour people were nevertheless one people; that the Inhabi- 
^Uants of all the Colonies were Brethren, Suhjeets of the same Great 
''King; and that they who are Friends to some of them must be 
'<F)riends to all/' The same Sentiment pursued a little further, 
might have pointed out the Propriety of Que common Purse for 4be 
Good of all. Nothing is more easy than to make Indians sensible, 
that they ought not to expect to be paid by different Colonies for 
the same Service; But they have Sense enough also not to refuse it. 
And if their Assistance is put entirely on the Footing of prcseats, 
& not at all upon Friendship founded in a mutual Interest, and tbey 
have different Markets to go to for selling it, they will moat cer- 
tainly flock to the highest Bidder. One particular Colony may in 
such Case serve itself for a present purpose, hut the King will be 
disabled from assistidg his other Subjects; the Royal Purse itself 
being unequal at this Juncture to the copying the Example, in a 
Dbtrict where there above 10,000 Indians that bear Arms. Whereas 
if the Indians therein can receive Presents only from one hand, in 
the Name of the King, and in Behalf of all his Subjects without 
Distinction, they must and will be content with what shall be given 
to as many as shall be wanted for Service ; and will go where thej 
are desired : and all the Colonies will reap equal Benefit. — ^There 
cannot be a better Instance given of the ill consequences arising by 
two Colonies treating or negotiating with the same Indians, or inter- 
fering with the King's Measures, with which they are unacquainted, 
than in the present case ; whereof you will receive a sufficient Idea 
or Proof, by reading the inclosed Copy of a Letter which I wrote to 
Mr. Croghan, Sir William Johnson's Deputy in the Northern Dis- 
trict, by way of answer to a Letter Cap*. Pearls received from him 
by the same Express that brought your Packet, inviting the before 
mentioned Party of Cherokees to Fort Loudoun in Pennsylvania, to 
receive a present provided (or them by that Government, ix^ Conse- 
quence of the Message they had sent to Gov' Denny, offering their 
assistance to him also. In that Letter you will find all that is need- 
ful to be said further upon this Subject in general ; together with a 
true State of the Indian Affairs in this Colony when I came into it, 
an account of my Transactions with the Catawbas, as well as with 
the said Cherokees, and my sincere Disposition to do any Thing in 
my Power consistent with my Duty, for the Service both of Mary- 
land & Pennsylvania. You will see how fortunate my being at 
Williamsburg was, to prevent a Convulsion which must h^ve o^her- 
ways happened in this Colony, and shaken all the'Colonies in its 
Consequences. How terrible that to Us I and how favourable for 
the French just as Lord Loudoun embarked ! and you cannot help 
seeing also, how unfortunately the Message of Invitation came from 
Pennsylvania, to put a Stop to my further Negotiations for the 
King's Service. 
I consider Pearls as the Spring of this Mischief, who being then 


io the Pay ft Service of this GoTernfhenty and in Breaob of his 
Orders, torning his Back upon & baulking a Matter of Importance, 
(being certainly canscioas of his iatended Discharge for Misbe- 
bavionr,) carried Wawbatchee's said Party over Potowmaok, in order 
to make a Merit with the Governments of Maryland and Pennsyl- 
yaoia, by offering their Assistance. And tho' they seem to bave 
entertained a very grateful Sense of that Service, yet in Fact, be 
led them into a Difficulty, from whicb they cannot extricate them- 
BeWea without my Help. There are many Strokes in Wawbatchee's 
Message to you, and in the Transactions at Fort Frederick, of his 
Impudenoe, Selfishness abd avaricious views supported by an artful 
Way of bullying. He sent you even a List of what he wanted, (bs 
be had done before here to Gov^ Dinwiddle,) which be knows lie 
nerer presumed to do to the Southward ; promising to stay as long 
as there should bQ Use for him and bis people, tbo^ be intended 
nothing less. He slighted the Present of £100, tho' he would not 
have lef^ a less one behind him. He refused to give up the Scalps 
« for the large Reward of £50 each, on pretence of a point of Honor, 
bat in Truth, that he might receive the Virginia Reward also. This 
money might bave been saved ; because Paris knew that being tben 
in the Pay & Service of this Colony, they were obliged to deliver 
those Scalps here, for £10 each. (In a few Days more the Reward 
will be, I bear, £40 for a Scalp, & £45 for a Prisoner,) And tho' I 
observe it is said in the Copy of the Transactions, that Wawhatchee 
did at last deliver the Scalps, yet be bath brought tbem here, and 
would, no Doubt have got Payment for tbem again, bad I not been 
here. In his Reply to your answer to his Message after receiving 
the Present, he discovers fully his real Intention ; for he labours to 
let you know bow large be intended to make the Path to you ; that 
he would hold up your Belt to bis young Men to fresben the Track, 
and would send for them to go to War with him (tho' he was really 
going home) and to receive Presents as he and his had done. That 
it was a small Present, being for a few be had killed, but when bo 
should come again, he would kill more, and hoped to receive a larger 
Present; and that as long as King George would furnish them with- 
Cloathsj he would continue to destroy his and their Enemies. This 
is not, according to Wawbatchee's views, consistent with the Chero- 
kee Treaty made by their Deputies in England, 1730 j whereby they 
were promised to be furnished with all Manner of Goods that they 
wmted, by tbe Carolina Traders; and one of the Conditions on their 
part was, that they should be always ready to fight against any white 
men or Indians whatever, that should molest or hurt the English ; 
yet they ougbt undoubtedly to receive a reasonable Reward for their 
Time and Trouble, while taken from their Hunts to assist us. 

On tho 8th, most of Wawbatchee's Party stole away in tbe Mom-- 
ing privately, to get the Present intended at Fort Loudoun in Penn- 
sylvania. But Mr. Croghan who was to have delivered it, on a few 
lines of Notification I sent by Express at tbeir Heels; just to put 


him on his Guard, resolved, before my other Letter at large reached 
him, not to transact any thing whatever with them. Peatis wbo 
the same Day asked Leave of me most earnestly, to go to his new 
Boty in Maryland, but promised solemnly he would not go, until 
Smith whom I had sent for should come to me, followed them the 
next Morning without saying a Word to me more ; leaving me with- 
out an Interpreter to speak to those that remained in this Town. 

I doubt not you will be sensible that the Regulation under my 
Passports and Directions only, which I established with the Cataw- 
bas, and purpose to establish also with the Cherokees, is the only 
Means of obtaining an effectual Assistance from them, on reasonable 
Terms and with the Quiet & Satisfaction of our Colonies. And if 
Maryland and Pennsylvania are so desirous as they appear to be, to 
partake of the Benefit arising by the Assistance of those Indians, 
they will surely think it but just to contribute their Part towards 
the Expence of it. And unless they do so, inasmuch as the Num- 
ber of Indians that I shall send up this Way, will depeud entirely 
upon my Stock of presents, to discharge my Eugagemenfe)^ they 
ought not to wonder ^if, contrary to my Inclination, I confine the 
Services of those I do send^ to this Side of Potowmack River; within 
my own District. 
I am Sir, 

Your Excellency's very humble 

and most obedient Servant, 
(Signed) EDM'D. ATKIN. 

To His Excellency, Horatio Sharpe, E8q^ 

Admiral Thomas Cotbs to Gov. Denny, 1767. 

Marlborough, in Port Royal Harbour, 

12*»' June, 1757. 

The Contractors for Victualling His Majesty's Ships on this Sta- 
tion, relying on the Supplys of Bread they have Ordered from Phi- 
ladelphia, have omitted sending a Supply from England, by which 
means We are reduced to great Straits for want of Bread, and it 
will be impossible for me to Execute His Majesty's Orders, if the 
Yessells freighted with Bread for His Majesty's Ships here, are not 
permitted to Sail from your Ports ; I must therefore. Sir, desire in 
the most pressing manner, that you will allow the Bread to be sent 
by the Contraetors Agent, to enable me to keep the Sea with His 
Majesty's Ships, for the Protection of the Trade of this Island. My 
Squadron contains near 5000 Men, who are allowed one pound of 
Bread a Day for each man, So that our Demands are very great^ and 


oan only be Svpplyed from your Colony ; And if we are disappoint- 
ed by the Embargo being oontinaed, His Majesty's Ships on thifi 
Station most lay Idle in Port, and the Enemy will be Masters at Sea 
and Destroy all oor Trade. 

The Reproach and Loss that will be to the Nation, I need not 
mention to your Ezoellenoy. 
I am, Sir, 

Tour most obedient Serv*. 


Col. John Armstrong to Gov. Dbnnt, 1757. 

Carlisle, 19<* June, 1757. 
May it Please yoTir1B[on'," 

On the seventh Ins*., "^ advice of Col* Stonwix, I set out with - 
M'. Croghan for Fort Loudon, carrying the Provincial Present for 
the Cherokees, under an Escort of Eighty Men, expecting, after the 
delivery of the Present, to have been join'd by Capt" Parris & a 
party of the Indians, and to have reconoitred the Country towards 
the Alleghany "Hill, as far as was possible with what Provision the 
Men cou'd carry on their Backs. On going to Loudon, Cap*. Cro- 
ghan rec' a long Letter from M'. Atkins,"*" (the Surperintendant for 
the Southern district, then at Winchester) letting him know that 
thirty three Cberokees had Stole away towards Pennsylvania without 
his knowledge, and without a Chief, for which he also blamed Paris, 
m first fetching them over Potomack, forbidding M'. Croghan to 
send for, speak to, or give any thing to them, but immediately to 
come to him at Winchester, aledging that the Provinces were charg- 
able with indiscretion, in not doing what they did thro' him, who ^ 
was the Sole Agent over those Tribes. M'. Croghan shew'd me the ' 
Letter and desir'd I would go with him, to which I readily agreed, 
thinking it the best Opportunity of Vindicating the Govern m* so far 
as it had been conccm'd. Doctor Koss, from Fort Frederick, at 
the. same time representing the Province of Maryland. The Gen- 
tleman (tho' perhaps rather too nice in the conduct of his affairs at 
80 critical a eonjuncter) treated us politely, and was soon convinc'4 
that those Colonies had no design of neglecting his authority, knew . 
nothing of his being at Winchester, nor had done any thing to or 
for the Indians, but what was very natural; only that future Pre- 
sents must be put under his direction, which we presum'd was right, 
and wou'd be controverted by none. The Indians before mention'd 
having retum'd to Winchester, and their Chief Wahatohy being 
dispos'd to go home, M'. Atkins gave them something on ace* of 
the Pennsylvania Present, which M'. Croghan is to refund him out 
of it, keeping the residue for a part of the Eighty Indiana who, with 

«See Upage 176. 


the Swallow Warrior, have been on dnfcy betwixt Port Gnmberland 
& Fort Da Qaisne, and were go within Twenty five Miles of Win- 
chester on their retnm to see M'. Atkins. Fourteen of those, nnder 
the immediate condact of the Swallow, a few Miles from F. D— e, 
fell in with three or four Frcneh Subaltern Officers, and a few pri- 
yate men, who had been at the Head of a Party of Soldiers k In- 
dians; whome, when returned near the Fort, they had sent a Hunt- 
ing. The Swallow fir'd first; knocked down an Officer, and on 
springing up to Soalp him, was unfortunately Shot thro' the head ; 
the party loosing their Chief was some what confounded, but kiil'd 
and scalp'd two or three of the Officers, and has brought in an En- 
sign, prisoner. *One Capt" Spotswood, who went out with an other 
Party of Cherokees is thought to be kill'd, two of his Men are fallen 
in at Fort Lyttleton, who say he desir'd them to do for themsehee. 
Before this Time, y Honour may have heard that Lieut* Hollidaj, 
on the 8*^ Ins*., with 25 Men, went into the Great Cove about Ten 
Miles from Fort Loudoun, where he and about Ten of the Men went 
into a Deserted house, the others at some small distance were drink- 
ing at a Spring, in which possition they were Surrounded & Sur- 
prized by a Party of Indians, who soon dispersed them, kill'd the 
Lieu^ and three of the Men, taking three others prisoners, with a 
number of Blankets and Arms. This is an unfortunate affair, the 
Men say, that the Lieu^ finding himself surrounded & some of hia 
Men scattered, desired the others to escape the best way they conld, 
however some oi the Men are to be punished, & five aquitted. More 
might be said on this affair, but is now needless. On Riding from 
Winchester to Shippensburg, with only Cap*. Mercer & Cap*. Arm- 
• strong in Compy, M'. Croghan having waited the coming of the In- 
dians with the French Officer, I was Informed that Indians were 
seen in Sundry parts of this County, and in waiting an Hour at 
Shippensburgh for a fresh Horse, receiv'd two Expresses from differ- 
ent parts of the neighbourhood, the latter said that some Men were 
at work in a Corn field, four Miles from that place, that a party of 
Indians Sprang out of a Field of Winter Corn, shot down one of the 
Men, the others escap'd to a House, from whence they were defend- 
ing themselves ; on both occasions I detach'd parties immediately; 
but have not heard further. 

This Day Colonel Stanwix is to write your Honour of his prepa- 
ration to March im mediately ^from this place, having receiv'd Intelli- 
gence from Capt" Dagwortby, at Fort Cumberland, that Six Chero- 
kees that staid to view the situation of Duquesne, observed the 
French hurrying greatly and making preparation, as they thought, 
to March oat an Army ; accordingly, the Indians watched their mo- 
tions, until, on the Tenth Inst., they saw a large Body cross the 
Monongehcia, near the place where Gen^ Braddock was defeated, 
with wheel'd Carriages and Guns larger than any at Fort Cumber- 
land; and McD; as the Indians phrase it, that cou'd not be counted. 
♦ See Colon. Rec. Vol. VII, p. 598-601. 

JrSTNffYLVANLi ABCH1TE8 1787. 189 

Cspl* Dagiforthj thinks thej are ooming against that place, (which 
indeed is most probable) where they have but 180 MeU; raw troops 
from Marjiiokd. Col^ Washington toM me, if he came without 
EreotiDg something by the way, that it was not in his power to be 
early enough to assist the Garrison, nor wou'd ail his men be more 
than a Breakfast to the Freneh & their Indians. 

I have order'd Spys from Fort Lyttleton to the Alleghany HillS| 
least the whole, or any part shou'd be Destin'd to this Province. 
Colonel Stanwiz has ordered me to join him with at least 250 men, 
his first object is Winchester, except future intelligence prevent or 
alter his Rout. He has allowM us two Waggons, we have but little 
Ba^age, haying but a few Tents, and not enough of Kettles, Blan- 
kets, nor Arms. I have frequently mentioned the number of Arms, 
and Blankets that were wanted, now they are more of course. Our 
Flints are very bad, no person is yet appointed to make the neces- 
sary Contracts, nor Money given to defray Contingent ezpenceSi 
Buch as the Carriage of Stores from Harris's to this Place, tran- 
sporting of Amunition and Provisions from one Garrison to another, 
scDding Expresses on Sundrie occasions, &o., which services require 
ready pay, or they will not be done. The Provisions of this Gar- 
rison was so roten that the Men lived at their own expence f tr meat, 
the space of Ten Days, and throV necessity eat Frequently when the 
Meat was unsound ; after sundry applications being made to no pur- 
pose, I was obliged (the Men being ready to Mutiny) to apply to 
CoP Stanwix, who sent his Doctor to inspect the Meat, which he 
entirely condemned, upon which the Colonel gave orders that it 
should be imcdiately hove out, carry'd away and buried, which was 
perform'd with great difficulty on ace' of the smell. M'. Hoops 
then being in Town, gave us some fresh Meat, Mr. Buchanan does 
not give himself any trouble in supplying the defects, or replacing 
the Meat. . Hoops, yesterday, was unwilling to give any more until 
he had your Hon" or the Commissioners orders, upon which I was 
again obligM to apply to Col' Stanwix, who immediately order'd M'. 
Hoops to supply us. The Meat is generally safe at the other Garri^ 
SODS but very salt, we have some dry'd Meat here which is kept for 
the Woods. I suppose M'. Hoops, or M'. Buchanan, will write on 
the subject of Provisions. 

I am, Honoured Sir, 

Your most obed* 

Humbl. Serv*. 



Extract of a Lxttbr from Gaptain Moroait, dated 

June r 24% 1757. 

On Wednesday last we were alarm'd by one of the neighbonrs 
that came to the Fort; and acqaakrted ns that one Jn* Basby had 
seen an Indian at his house, (which was about 3 Miles from Fort 
Lebanon) I immediately went out with a party of men to the place 
where we found the tracts of three, but could not see any of them. 

Yesterday morning, about 8 of the Clock, the son of one Adam 
Brum, (whom the Indians had killed the night before in Allemin- 
gle, and took the Son Captive) found an opportunity to make his 
Escape, and came to the Fort ; he informed me that the Indians, 
(8 in number) had got a Quantity of Liquor out of his Fathers 
House, and' came to a Hill about 7 miles from the Fort, where they 
got a dancing, and had made themselves drunk, he took the oppor- 
tunity and escaped to the Fort, the Indian followed him near a 
mile and half whom our men afterwards tractd ; so as soon as the 
younge man came, I sent out a party to the place where the man 
left them, but when they came there they only found an old pair 
of Mogasins, and a Deer Skin whom they had left, but the Indians 
were fled ; they tractM them as far as they could, but night comingy 
oblidged them to return home. I have this Day sent out a party 
to intercept them in the way, to the Gap of the second MountaiD| 
(where Schuylkill comes through)^ being the place which I have 
often found where they retreat back ; the men will range about there 
2 Days * 

Commission of Captain John Sibbald, of Pennsylvania 
Frigate, 1757. 

By the Honoble WILLIAM DENNY, Esquire, Lieutenant Gover- 
nor and Comtbander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, 
and Counties of Newcastle, Kent and SusseZ; upon Delaware. 

To Captain John Sibbald, of Philadelphia City, Greeting : 

Reposing special Trust and^ Confidence in your Loyalty Courage, 
Fitness and Ability, I have nominated, constituted and appointed, 
and do, in vertue of the Powers and Authorities unto me given, 
hereby nominate, constitute and appoint you, the s^ Sibbald, to be 
Captain and Commander of the Ship called the Pennsylvania Fri- 
gate, imployed in the Service of the said Province as a Guard Ship, 
for the Defence and Protection of the Trade & Navigation thereof; 

* 8ee Colon. Bee. Vol. VII., p. 681, 


You are therefore, to take the said Ship into yonr Charge and Care, 
and as the Officers and Men belonging to the said Ship are required 
to obey joa as their Oaptain and Comander, so are you likewise to 
observe and follow such Orders and Directions, from time to time, 
as you shall receive from me or the Commander in Chief for the 
Time being ; And you are in all Things to do, execute and perform 
what the Duty of your office afores^ requires, in pursuance of the 
Trost repoeed in you. And for your so doing, this shall be your 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms, at Philadelphia, the 
eighth day of Jane, in the thirty first year of his Majesty's EeigUi 
A^noq. Dom.; 1757. 

Security to Mariners* on Board Pennsylvanu Frigatk 
AGAINST Impressment, 1757. 

By the Hono'ble William Penny, Esquire, Lieutenant Crovernor 
and Comander in Chief of the Province of Pensilvania, and Coun- 
ties of Newcastle, Kent and Sussex, upon Delaware. 

To all whom it may concern, Greeting : 

These are to Certify that Captain John Sibbald has my Comission 
(with a Letter of Marque) to command the Ship called the Pennsil- 
vania Frigate, now at New York ; and as she is intended to be em- 
ployed as a Guard Ship for the Defence of the Trade and Navigation 
of this Province, all Mariners and others who shall enter on board 
her are hereby made assured that they will not be impressed into 
any of His Majesty's Ships or Vessels of War, so long as they con- 
tinue in the said Service on board the s"* Frigate. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms, at Philadelphia, the 
twenty-eighth day of June, in the Thirty-first Year of His Majesty's 
Beign, Anno Domi, 1757. 

Col. John Armstrong to , 1757. 

Carlisle, 30th June, 1757. 
Dear Sir, 

I'm favour'd with yours ^ return of Colo^ Stanwizes express. I 
have wrote the Ooverner my reasons for not immediately acknow- 
ledging y« receit of the Minute made at Lancaster, which in fact 
^8 oDly a permission to lead myself into inextricable difficulties, 
however Colonel Stanwix wou'd not admit my doing it, and is much 

* See a list of officers— postea. 


displeased tkat any thing of the Sort shon'd be offered without depo- 
Btting t^e Gash in some persons hand or other, tobereadj on every 
immergenoy, and said he wou'd write the Governor on that Sabject. 
I'm sorry M'. Allen shon'd be nneasy on the soore of a person so 
troublesome & perverse as Chambers is known to be; the reoogni- 
sance was not taken for his appearance before any person but the 
Governor who issu'd the Writ; it's thought Chambers now designs 
ft lawsuit, and he has Said the Action will be brought against me, 
where I think it cannot ly. If it's found that be designs trouble, (as 
he has the Brass & Malice of the Bevil), I think the Governor shou'd 
jmJbd to ColoK Stanwix, in the mean time I will Open the Matter to 
the Colonel, who may think it necessary to Siez the Guns himself. 
I'm conscious he was on that Occasion treated not only with justice, 
but also with lenity. I have in a proper manner wrote to the Offi- 
cers at Loudon concerning their resignation, but has not received an 
Answer ; the Task of fixing the New Majcstrates is a very hard One, 
for Carlisle, Messui*. Smith, West & Buchanan, the later says he 
will by no means Serve ; M*^. West says you have long ago promised 
to excuse him ; M'. Smith, I think, will Serve if appointed, and all 
things oonsider'd I think will make the best Majestrate of the three. 
West certainly knows more of the Common law than any man here, 
but I must leave this matter to you, two wou'd be wanted in Town. 
In the upper pyt of the County in case of peace, Joseph Armstrong, 
John Potter anl W"». Smith; at Shippensburgh, Cap*. Hugh Mercer, 
he is a very proper person, may have some intervals from Military 
duty, and there's no One Else there except Campbell the Tavern- 
keeper. South of Carlisle, John McNaught; West of it, John 
Byards, living near your Meadow bought of McCallister, those two 
are honest Country Men. Tho*. Wilson is very unwilling to Serve 
again, yet I believe will not refuse if his name comes in the dedimas. 
In East Pennsburrow, David Wilson, near Yellow Breeches; on 
Canadogwinct, James Carrathers. 

Being almost dead writing to Sundry quarters, I must leave yon to 
make the list of those names, and range them just as you please. I 
have many things to write as time will permit, and now a Post being 
fix'd hope to be a better Correspondent. 

The Old Majestrates had no Other reason for resigning than least 
they shou'd be left Out, except justice Wilson, who did it on acct of 
his private affairs, tho' some of them I have lately heard Say it was 
Owing to the Governor's Treatment of Ben Chambers in regard of 
his Guns, but this is finnes ; Miller had not Acted this two years 
past. I shou'd be glad to have the Opinion of M". Chew, whether 
the Whiper in cases of Petty Larceny is to be provided by the Sherif 
of the County, as I think Parker (I suppose by advice) has act^ 
very unbecomingly in an Instance of that Sort. To-morrow we 
begin to haul the Stones for ye building of a Meeting House on the 
North S^e of the Square, there was no Other convenient place ; I 
have avoided the place you Once pitch'd for a Church. The Stones 


are rau'd Oai of Golo^ Stanwizes entrenobment; we will WAnt help 
to this Political as well as Religious work. 
I am, ^ir, 

with the atmoet regard and Esteem, 

your most affectionate Humb^ ServS 


Gov. Denny to Propeietaries, 1757. 

Philadelphia, 30th June, 1757. . 

Mj last Letters were of the 9 & 10 April,* since which I have a 
Letter from the Proprietaries of the 11th, and one from You of the 
12th March, with a Duplicate of yours of the 12th February. 

I mentiou'd in mine of the 9 April, that a large Number of Six 
Nation Indians was come from Sir William Johnson to attend Tecdy- 
uscang's Treaty. When they heard nothing from him, nor that he 
was return'd from the Seneca Country, where they were told he was 
^gone, as they passed thro' the Diahogo Town where he lived, in 
their Way from Sir William Johnson's to this JProvincc, they began 
to repine at their long Stay, and to be much out of Humour. Tho 
Season for planting Indian Corn approaching, they sent Two of their 
Chiefs to tell me they oou'd stay no longer, and to- request I wou'd 
come and take them by the Hand, having many Things to say to me. 
It was very disagreeable to me to leave the Seat of Government, 
where every Day brought on some necessary Business, in order to 
attend Indians with whom I had nothing to do; for their Errand 
hero was only to attend Tecdyuscung's Treaty and to assist in it. 
Nevertheless, at the Importunity of the Speaker and Commissioners, 
with the Advice of Council, I sent, tho' unwillingly, to Lancaster. 
I had there the Mortification to hear from their own Mouths, that 
these very Delawares, who were lately treated as Women, thrown 
out of the Council, and order'd to live on Sasquehannah, by their 
Uacles the Six Nations, as unworthy to live among their Brethren 
the English, had now put the Six Nations to Defiance, and were so 
BtroQgly supported by the Senecas, that their other Uncles cou'd not 
terminate the Differences between them and this Government. Sen« 
sible of this, and honest at the same time, they set it forth in their 
public Speeches, and advised me to write to the Senecas, and to 
sollicit their Favour, as the only Means to bring about a firm and 
lasting Peace with Teedyuscung and the Delawares. The Minutes 
of the Conferences went in the i&eneral Wall Packet, which will 
sufficiently evince this. With the Minutes, I sent the Copies of all 

* See pages 107-120. . 
Vol. in.—9 


the Messages between me and the Assembly^ and the exempKfied 
Copies of the Acts passed by me at the Inst Sessions. 

I had the further Mortification to hear of the Enemy Indians coming 
within Thirty Miles of the Place of Treaty, desolating a long Tract of 
Coantry, and killing and scalping many of the Inhabitants. Fonr dead 
Bodies, one of which was a Woman with Child, were brought to Lan- 
caster from the neighbouring Frontiers, scalped and butchered in a 
most horrid Manner, and laid before the Door of the Court Honse 
for a Spectacle ^ Reproach to every one there, as it must give the 
Indians a sovereign Contempt for the Province. They were how- 
ever removed by my Order, and the Treaty with an Intermission of 
a Day went on in its ordinary Course. The poor luhabitants where 
these daring Murders were committed, being without Militia or Aaao- 
ciation, and living among Menonists, a numerous Sett of German 
Quakers, came supplicating me for Protection, and immediately with 
the Approbation of the Commissioners, who attended at the Treaty, I 
gave Lieutenant Col. Weiser a Warrant to raise Three Companies, 
of Fifty-Three Men each, for their Relief, and to enlist them for 
three Months ; not doubting but in that Time, with proper Encour- 
agements, the Forces wou'd bo recruited to their full Number. 

It will be proper to acquaint Fou, that the Six Nation Indian?, 
as they passed by Shamokin in their Way to Harris's Ferry, inforta'd 
the Commanding Officer that a large Body of French & Indians wa^ 
making Canoes at the Head of the West Branch, and intended to 
come and attack that Fort. Unfortunately at that Juncture the 
Terms of the Soldiers of that Regiment were expired, and no Persua- 
sions cou'd induce more than Forty of them ta re-enlbt, which laid 
,me under the Necessity of sending Three Companies of Lieutenant 
Col. Weiser's Battallion to reinforce the Garrison. These Levees 
therefore were a good Expedient, as it would not only give Time to 
recruit the Regiments, but afford a speedy Relief. 

I hastened therefore from Lancaster into the Couitty of Berks to 
encourage the raising these one hundred and fifty-nine Men. When 
I came there, tho^'thcre were Men enough, I met with an unexpected 
Obstacle. The Country People, supported by the Magistrates, and 
the leading Men of the County, wou'd not serve under Provincial 
Officers, but insisted on chusing their own; this I was well informed 
was put into their Heads at Lancaster by some of the Commissioners 
and Assembly Men, who spare no Pains to cry thb up as a most 
valuable Privilege, and it is generally deemed s^, and obstinately 
persisted in. 

Intending to go to Port Henry, the only Garrison my Time wou'd 
allow me to visit, I desired Col. Weiser to acquaint the Leaders of 
these infatuated People, that I shou'd be glad they would come and 
speak with me at the Fort. Accordingly, above Fifty substantial 
Frceholdrs, well mounted and armed, joined the Escort, & attended 
me to Fort Henry, where I had an Opportunity of undeceiving them. 
Convinced qf their Error, they presented me a very respectful Ad- 


dreaB, aflsnriog me of their Desire to haye-a proper Militia Tiaw^ and 
that they were determined under such a Law to serye and do their 
dn^ to their King and Country. Forty instantly were inlisted by 
Cdonel Weiser oat of this Neighboorhood, and a Magistrate abont 
twenty Miles o£P wrote me he had inlisted forty more. 

I shoa'd haye mentioned before, as I was going to Lancaster, I 
reeeiVd a Letter from the Secretary of State, signifying his Mi^esty's 
Pleasure, that in eyery Colony an additional Nnmber of Men shou'd 
be rais'd, to be ready in case of an Accident happening to the King's 
Forces in any general Actions or Expedition, accompanied with a 
Letter from Lord I/ondoun, wherein he recommends it to this Pro- 
Tince, that as they are without a Militia, they shou'd in compliance 
with the Secretary of State's Letter, raise at least Five Hundred addi- 
tional Mmi. His Lordship was likewise pleased to write me an Answer 
to a Letter I had wrote, at the Instance of the Commissioners, to desire 
to know what Share of the Indian Charges accruing in this JProvince, 
his Lordship wou'd think reasonable shou'd be assigned to be paid 
by his Majesty. The Conduct of the People of this Province is 
censured by his Lordship, in this Answer, and an absolute Negative 
given to the 'Application. Copies of these Letters went in one of . 
the Packets. 

The Commissioners at Lancaster likewise informed me that the 
£45,000 was expended, and said, without the Aid of the Assembly, 
no more Money cou'd be got either to pay the Troops or carry 
on the necessary Business of the Province. These several Matters 
obliging me to call the Assembly, I had no time to visit the other 
Parts of the Frontiers. The House by the Summons was directed 
to meet on the 30 May, but Sickness and the Business of the Season 
detaining the Members, a Quorum did not then iSieet, and at the 
Application of the Speaker I consented to an Adjournment of a 

A Bill for striking ^55,000, the Remainder of the £100,000 was 
instantly offered by the Assembly, as I foresaw it would be, & there- 
fore in my Bemarks given to Lord Loudoun I urged it by Way of 
Objection against the Bill, but it was then denied by the Assembly 
as well aa by M'. Franklin to me in his Lordship's Presence. The 
same Reasons which induced me to pass the Act for £100,000 still 
subsisted, and made it necessary for me, having received so full an 
Advice from Lord Loudoun, to give my Assent, tho' unwillingly, to 
this most unreasonable and oppressive Encrease of Paper Money. 
I expected the Merchants who were made acquainted with the sup- 
plemental Bill before it pasaed wou'd haye petitioned against it, and 
thereby have furnished me with further Reasons to reject it ; but 
sadi is the Influence of the Assembly, that no such Petition cou'd 
he ngne<l^ and not a Man in the Country gave himself any Concern 
about this or the large Taxes imposed by the Bill. 

I need not make any Observations on what has passed at this Sea* 
aoDS; it ended last Saturday, and this Week's Qaaette, with the next^ 


will contain the Messages that hare passed between Us, tho' ihey 
were inserted withoat my Privity or Consent, and the Publicatioa 
is very unseasonable; as these Papers are known to go to Canada, 
and falling into the Enemy's Hands, by a Capture of one or other 
of onr Vessels, will discover our Distractions and Weakness. The 
Gazette is in M^ Peters's Box, and Copies of all necessary Papers. 

On 4he 20 Instnnt, Lord Loudoun sail'd for Halifax from Sandj 
Hook with Eighty-Five Transports, having on board the Troops 
under his Command, convoy'd by Sir Charles Hardy in a Fifty Guii 
Ship, two Twenty Gun Ships, and two Sloops; the Embargo was 
taken off seven DajS after his Jjordship's Sailings jn consequence of 
his Orders. 

On the 23d an Express arrived from Col. Stanwix, with Advices, 
that some of our friendly Indians of the Cherokee Nation had 
brought into Fort Cumberland some Scalps and a French Officer, 
taken Prisoner near Fort Du Quesne, and reporting that an Army 
of French and Indians, with Waggons and a Train of Artillery, had 
begun their March towards our Frontiers. Col. Washington, who 
had the Comand of Fort Loudoun, at Winchester, had held a Coan- 
cil of War, and seat the Result of it to Col. Stanwix, who was pre- 
paring to march with the Five Companies of the Rojal Americans, 
and Two hundred and Fifty of the Provincials, under Lieutenant 
Col. Armstrong, towards Patowroac. These Advices were instantly 
laid before the Assembly, with a Request not to separate till it con'd 
be known for certain where the Blow wou'd fall. The House had 
then under Consideration a Reply to my long Message, which they 
did not finish till Saturday Afternoon, and then they delivered it 
with a verbal Message, importing their Determination to adjourn to 
the 8th August. Not knowing what might be the Consequence of 
Col. Stanwix's Intelligence, I desired them by a Message, which was 
ready prepared, to enable me to furnish Provisions, Ammunition and 
other Things necessary for marching and encamping, in case it shou'd 
be found necessary to raise Volunteers, or apply for the Lower 
County or Jersey Militia. On this they came to a Sett of extra* 
ordinary Resolves, with which they concluded their Sessions. CoL 
Stanwiz'a Intelligence was immediately dispatched by Express to 
Qovernors Belcher and Delancey, and General Webb. 

By later Advices from Cumberland County, the French and 
Indians have no Carriages or Artillery, marched to the Mountains, 
and then were separated into small scalping Parties, and that GoL 
Stanwix remains in his Camp at Carlisle, and Lieut. Col. Armstrong 
IS advanced with his two hundred and fifty Men to Fort Loudoon to 
watch the Motions of the Enemy. 

Li case the Quakers shou'd again apply for Liberty to give Pre- 
aents and attend the Treaty, I have prepared an Answer agreeable 
to the Proprietari^ Letter of the 12 March, which I shall give them 
in writing, Considering how fully and openly I had censured their 
Numbers & Behaviour at Baston, I did not expect suoh a Body of 


Friends wou'd have attended at LaBcaster^ wbere the Secretary 
eoanted above one hundred in the Court House at one of the Con- 
ferenoes, and some told me there were one hundred and forty; ally 
as I am credibly informed, deputed by the several Meetings for that 

Foar Members of the Quaker Meeting applied to me before I went 
to Lancaster for Leave to join their Presents as usual to the Pro- 
viDcial Presents. I consented it shou*d be done exactly as it was 
agreed on by Grovemor Morris. On this Answer, they have given 
out that I oonsented to their going, which I did no otherwise than 
as I have related. 

Epmund Atkins to Gov. Shabpe, 1757. 

Winchester 30** June, 1757. 
Sir: ^ 

Before I could send away the foregoing Mr. Croghan arrived here 
the 18^ from Pensilvania, with Col. Armstrong, Cap*. Armstrong & 
Cap*. French; as did also from Maryland, Mr. Koss your Commis- 
saiy, Cap*. Mercer & Lieutenant Shelby ; And in the Evening, those 
Cherokees of Wauhatohee's Party who had stolen away in order to 
get Possession of the intended Present at Fort Loudoun, returned 
diagrined, being referred back to me. I was exceeding glad to see 
those Gentlemen present here at the same time with Mr. Croghan, 
because it gave them an Opportunity of seeing the good Effects 
thereof. Wauhatchee came t6 me privately the next Day, acknowl* 
edged his Error, asked my Pardon, & even asked Leave in form to 
go home, declaring he should be well satisfied with whatever I 
should give him more, and give up his Pretensions to any part of 
what was coming from Pennsylv*. The Day following, when I gave 
him & his people a Speech at parting, in presence of the above Gen* 
tlemen & many others in publick, he behaved with all the submis- 
sion imaginable, and gave the strongest Assurances of standing 
by the English in the War, & of sending up fresh parties & strong 
ones, as soon as ever he should receive my Passports, which he 
urged the sending of speedily. 

In the Course of this- Transaction, Wauhat«hce asked whether 
Cap*. Paris had, or was to have the Command of 100 Men at some 
Fort? which Mr. Ross explained to me by saying, it was intended he 
believed by you to post him at Fort Cumberland, with a view to his 
being of Service there with the Cherokee Indians. Wauhatchee 
said something farther of a very extraordinary Nature, vis : '^ that 
^'Capt. Paris had told him he had the Management of Indian 
Affieurs.'' And Wauhatchee desired to know whether he was to 
have any Employ therein ? upon my answering in the Negative, ho 


said, ^'it was the deaire of him & his people one & all, that they 
^< might have DothiDg to do with him, for that neither I or thejoould 
trast him/' By an Inquiry he made also after some Belt of Mary« 
land, that was miasing, I have Reason to saspect that Paris sent it 
with some Message by Yatanou to the Overhill Cherokees. If ao^ 
(the certainty whereof I shall soon know) it will regoire severe 
Notice. I am loth to say any thing to hurt him, bat I thinb my* 
self obliged in Justice to the King's Service, as well as to myself, 
to desire of you, not to permit him po concern himself on any pre- 
text whatever, with any of the Southern Indians, with whom I par- 
pose to send always proper Interpreters & GonducteiSy under my 
own Instructions. ^ 

The same Prohibition ought to extend to all persons within yotur 
Oovernm* if I am desired to send any of those Indians into Mary* 
land, not to concern themselves with any of them or their Affaira, 
nor to interfere with me in the Execution of my Commission, or in 
any part of my Conduct and Management. Governor Binwiddie iaaa- 
ed a proclamation in this Colony for that & other purposes relative to 
the. said Indians; a Copy whereof I inclose for your perusal and In- 

All the above Gentlemen, except Mr. Groghan & Gap*. Trent, 
left this Place again the 16^, upon the Indian Intelligence trana- 
mitted from Fort Cumberland^ of a Body of French and Indians 
coming out of Fort Du Quesne, with Waggons and Artillery, and 
however defective that proved, yet it is most certain, as well from 
the Examination I took the 20^ of a French Ensign taken by a 
Party of Cherokees, as other Ways since, that the French will em- 
ploy a considerable Number of their own people & Indians broo^ht 
from far off; in scouting parties, to harrass these three neighbouring 
Colonies the rest of the season till Winter. If therefore Maryland 
& Pennsylvania are desirous of having & pacing for the Assistandb 
of some Cherokees or Catawbas, Application should be made to 
me for the same. Sir Wm. Johnson's Deputy, Mr. Croghap, hath a 
particular Account from me, of the Reward which I propose to 
promise & give for the future, to such Parties of Indians as I shall 
engage to come & go to War; and which ought therefore to be provi* 
ded in Time. 

I find you have given Orders hitherto for supplying Provisions 
only to such Indians in our Alliance, as shall come to Fort Frederick, 
aoGording to some Resolution of your Assembly. This will by no 
means be sufficient, seeing those Indians may have Occasion to be 
in other parts of Maryland, and do now, & always will make a short 
stop or resting at Fort Cumberland. As they come to oui^ Assis- 
tance, they look upon themselves entitled to Provisions wherever 
they happen to be ; and if it is not given them voluntarily, they 
will take it by Force ; for Men with Arms in their hands will not 
starve when Provisions are in sight. Therefore it is the Duty of 
every Government to prevent such Acts of Violenoei and private 


MsivesB to lodividoals, arising from NeoesBity and tha first Law oi 
Nature. For my own part I liavc no Money iu my bands for pay- 
ing for such Provisions at the Charge of the Crown. On the con- 
trary the King does expect that his Meaeures will be aided by the 
soTml Colonies, and what less Aid can they give than Provisions 
to those that fight for them ? Virginia hath & must in the very 
Nature of the Case bear infinitely the greatest share of the Burden 
in that Bespect. Provisions are found for the Indians everywhere 
in this Colony at the Ezpence of the Government. Enclosed is a 
Copy of Gov Dinwiddle's Proclamation enjoining the same. And 
Ur. Croghan hath a Copy of my Regulation of the allow** to be ap- 
plied for by my Conductors of Indian Parties; wherever they happen 
to be. / 

It remains only for me to say something concerning Scalps. I find 
sevoral of onr Colonies are become fond of giving large Rewards for 
them. If these Rewards were confined to their own people, it would, 
be a very laudable thing, inasmuch as it would be the means of 
animating many poor white Men, who have been used to the Woods, 
to go in Quest. of the Enemy Indians, and it would afford that sup- 
port to some of them in particular, who have been driven from their 
own Habitations in the back settlements, by the War, which they 
ars oertainly the best entitled to. But as those Rewards are intend- 
ed k offered chiefly to Indians, the Case is very different. For 
besides that this is truly & literally interfering (which I have Rea^ 
8on to believe the several Governors have been cautioned not to do) 
with the Management of the King's two Superintendants, through 
vhoBC hands all Presents & Rewapis whatever to the Indians in his 
Alliance ought to pass, it is encouraging to the utmost private 
&4xlpingj hereby the most innocent & helpless Persons, even 
Women k Children, are properly murdered, without the least Bene- 
fit accruing by it ; Actimis only becoming the greatest Savages, & 
unworthy of any Christian People to reward. I am well assured 
Lord Loudoun detests that practice, and that the French (General 
Honcalm in Canada does the .same. Sir Wm. Johnson gives no 
Beward at all in particular for Scalps by name. The Warriours 
fitted out by him to War, deliver to him at their Return all that they 
bring back ; and he afterwards presents them to the Relations of 
nieh as lose their Lives in Battle. I should be ashamed not to fol- 
low such good Examples. But to speak upon this Subject on the 
footing of Interest, large publick Rewards for Scalps given by Pro- 
vinoial Iaws to Indians, are attended with very pernicious Conso- 
qaences to his Majesty's Service ; for they are so many Temptations to 
some Indians to kill others that are our Friends ; that is when they 
think they have a good Opportunity to kill such single Indians that are 
found alone. Two fresh Instances of this have presented themselves 
to me. A single Chicasaw (one of our best friends) who was coming 
Bp this Way with the Cherokees, was killed by them when asleep; 
and a single Creek in their Company had like to have shared^ the 


same fate. As no Cause of Quarrel is pretended the Motive oouM 
only be in their Scalps. Those Cherokees carried the Chicasaw's 
Scalp with them out to War towards Fort Du Quesne, & brought it 
back again ; and it is now hanging exposed in pnblick before raj 
Eyes, made into two Scalps, among the Scalps of their Enemies ; 
tho' they know not that I know it. The Wife of the Chica.saw wko 
made her Escape was sent by Water from Williamsburg to Cb&rles- 
town, to be kept there till my arrival, in order to prevent the ill 
Consequences of the Revenge she was bent upon exciting, not only 
among the Chic^saws, but among their Friends theCatawbas And 
I detain the Oitek in this Country by Art, to prevent the like ill 
Consequences of the Revenge he might excite in the Creek Nation. 
From so slight a Foundation a War might be kindled between 4 
Nations of Indians at present in Friendship with us, which it is our 
greatest Interest to preserve in Friendship also with each other. 
The other Instance is this : A Meherrin Indian, a very clever Fel- 
low, who lives in the Tuskcrora Town in North Carolina, is now 
here } I have discovered that the Cherokees have fixed their Eyes on 
him, and determined to kill him for his Scalp. So that I am obliged 
to take Measures to have him guarded sitfe home. Should be be 
killed, there would be another National Quarrel with the Tuskeroras. 
I think what I have said sufficiently proves the pernicious Oonsc* 
quenccs to his Majesty's Service (wherein the general Interest of the 
Colonies is included) flowing from large Rewards for Scalps, given 
by Provincial Laws to the Indians. And further, those Rewards 
open a Door to great Fraud & Imposition upon the Colonies or the 
Donors themselves. For the Cherokees in particular have got the 
Art of making 4 Scalps out of one man killed. Here are noi¥ 20 
Scalps hanging out to publick View, which are well known to have 
been made out of 5 Frenchmen killed. What a Sum (at i£50 each) 
would they produce if carried to Maryland^here the Artifice would 
not probably be discovered. For these Reasons I huve declared to 
the Indians I have met here, that I do not buy Scalps. They may 
keep them according to their 0¥m Custom as Marks of Honour ; and 
that I purpose always to reward those I employ in proportion to 
their Services, (whereof I am to be the judge) without Regard to 
the Number of Scalps ; for that many an Indian may deserve a 
Reward, witho\it killing any Enemy, or if he does kill any, he may 
not be able to produce the Scalps, which is often the Case. The 
principal Cherokee Warrionr now in these parts said, ^'thia was 
** right, it was the best way of acting, and he was much pleaded 
«< with it." Mr. Ross told me there is a Fund of about £3000 in 
Maryland for paying for Scalps. If your Assembly will not give 
Money for Presents to Indians, cannot a part at least of that sum 
be invested in Goods ^say Wampum & Silver- Ware) to be lodged in 
my hands here, and given to such only as kill any of the Enemy in 
fight, or otherwise distinguish themselves in the Service. 

When I reflect how long it is since I wrote my first Letter intend- 


ed fbr yoa, dated the 12^^, it gives mo infinite concern thai I did 
not send it forward, by Mr. Ross, without staying & watching an Op« 
portunity to make this addition to it ; because it carries the Appearance 
of Neglect, which is really yery far from being the Case. You can 
hftrdly conceive the Trouble & Fatigue I have undergone here, even 
since I first came, having been but 3 hours and seldom more than 
4 bonn at a time in Bed at this present Time. My stay here now 
will I believe be not long. When I proceed to the Southward, I 
shall appoint some person to act for me in this Colony according to 
my Instructions during my Absence, who I believe will be Capt. 
Gist, who resigns his Post in the Virginia Regiment. He is so 
well recommended to me, and does J believe understand the Indian 
Affiurs so much better than any Man else I can find or hear of in 
this Colony, that I hope he will give satisfaction to all .that will be 
interested in his Behaviour. 

I am, with Respect, 
Your Excellency's most obedient, 
and very humble Servant, 
- Signed, 

To His Excellency, Horatio Sharpe, Esq^ 

* Col. John Aemstrono to Gov. Dbhny, 1757. 

Carlisle, 30*'' June, 1757. 
May it please your Hon', 

Your Favour of the 29«* Instant, by Colonel Stanwix's Express, 
is come to Hand. Before this Time I shou'd have wrote your Hon' 
the Reasons why the Colonel did not march, but expeeted every 
Hour to have received fresh Intelligence of the approach of a Body 
of the Enemy in this Province, which, by the last Report of the 
Cherokees, was much more likely than their coming i^gainst Fort 
Cumberland. Tis now said that the First party of those Indians, 
who brought Cap*. Dagwortby the Intelligence of the £nem/a march 
with Artillery, was not rightly nnderstooid for want of a -proper In- 
terpreter, and that a party later from Duquesne thad they, and who 
had been nearer that Fort, say there was no great Quns nor wheel'd 
Carriages with the Enemy, but that a large Number, consisting of 
French and Indians, with Baggage Horses, did actually leave Fort 
Duquesne about the 9^ Inst^, bending their Course by the old Allo- 
ghenny Path, which leads from that place towards Reas Town, on 
the Departure of which Detachment the French fir'd their Cannon. 
This later and surer Intelligence put a stop to Colonel Stanwix's 

* So indorsed. 


inarcli to Wincbester, he then thinking it more necessary to make a 
stand in this Province, and as there was a probability of the En^ 
mies separating into small parties, ho con'd not, without farther In- 
telligence leave this place having no particnlar object. But least 
Loudon or Lyttleton shou'd be attack'd, he allow'd me to send all 
I could from this Battalion as far as Lyttleton, and as mnch far- 
ther as I might think requisite, not to exceed three Days march from 
the Inhabitants, but oblig'd me to stay with him, least he sfaou'd 
be suddenly called to take some Rout which he, being a stranger, 
might not understand. Gap^ Hamilton therefore commands the 
party, consisting of 200 private men, and a sufficicient number of 
officers. They have the best general Orders I oou'd give them, but 
in this Service much must be left to the Commanding officers. They 
are now encamp'd some where near Reas Town, and Nothing yet 
heard from them, save that one of our Spies had discovered some 
Tracks, and saw two Indians Fishing in Juniata. Every third or 
fourth Day furnishes us with fre^h alarms of Indians being seen on 
our Frontier, and some young people captivated this week. Tester- 
' day, two persons riding in Sharemans Valley, about fourteen miles 
from this Town, three Indians sprang up by the path side, fir^d upon 
the men, shot one of them thro' the Coat and Shirt across hi& belly, 
without touching the Skin ; this man is come here, but believes hb 
Partner was kill'd. Spies are almost constantly kept out, sometimes 
to the distance of thirty or forty miles. 

On Rec*of your Hon" from Lancaster, inclosing me a Permission 
to contract for Horses and other Necessarys for an Expedition, I 
observed briefly in one of mine that it was expedient first to sonnd 
the Cherokees, a Number of them being then expected, otherwise 
I shou'd have wrote more fully. I waited on Colonel Stanwiz on 
that occasion and produc'd him the paper ; He seem'd a good deal 
disnleas'd, & said it was a bad way of doing Business ^and an nn- 
reasonable Burthen upon me ^ That the money shou'd first be de- 
posited, and if no Body here cou'd be intrusted with it Nothing 
should be contracted, but added, that matter he would settle by 
writing to your Hon' himself. Every Week brings us some con- 
tingent Expence or other, and I have been and constantly out of 
Pocket for small Sums, as well as teiz'd for Debts long since con- 
tracted, that either are not paid, or great Trouble arising to Poor 
people going after and waiting at Expence for their money. 
. 1 have forwarded your Hon'* Letter to Gap^ Croghan, who canoe 
as I hear, two or three Days agoe to Fort Lowdon, with Fifty Bve 
Cherokees, and no doubt will soon be down. Cap^ Young has left 
in my Hands ^400 Bounty money for Recruiting, and £200 for 
each Company, towards Pay of the Officers and Men. He ooa'd ' 
not go any farther back, nor muster the men at this time. 
I am^ 

Tour Honors most obedient 

Humble Servant • 


P. S. Coloael Stanwix bas began and eontiniMS bis lotreaeb- 
meot on the North East part of this Town, and juat adjoining to it. 
Directed, \ -> 

To the Hon'ble William Denny, Esq**., Governor and Commander 
in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania^ &e^i in Philadelphia. 

"List of. Killed, Wounded, &o, op a Party sent 


DsAB & MissiNQ Belonging to Coll. Jno. Pabkx&'s Company. 










James Boyd, 


Tho^. Connor, 
Bryan Connor, 



James Tinister, 
James Bouse, 
Dennis Croghan, 
Qeorge Anderson, 





Jn*. Harley, retomed. 

W-. Crips, 
W-. Jackson, 
John Crips, 











Jonathan Ogdan, 
John Willian, 













Offigebs belonging to the New Jersey Regt., Vizt. 

Cap*. Hunt, Lieut. Solomons, \ 

Lieut McDaniel, Ensign Webb. 3 

The above is the two Eldest Compy* Belonging to y* New Jersey 
Regiment, Pesides what is Killed of Cap*. Mays, Cap*. Hunts, and 
Cap<. Sbaws Comp^. 


204 PENNSYLVANIA AfiCfllVBS 1757. 


Cap*. Woodward, Barne Carter, 

Serj* Irish, Mathew^CanniDgham, 

Serj* Smith, Jerimah Fury, 

Corporal Essex, Emanuel Cracy, 

Tho». Crego, Edward De Vol, 

W«. Morrell, Ozbom Blackford, 

Brjin Malloon, Paniel Gartej, 

Patrick McMahan, ^ David Kimber, 

John Mosgrove, Ckorge Boyd, 

Daniel Sutten, Michael MoDaniel, 

George Guyrose, - W-. Green, 

Tho». Conner, Joseph Hapworth, 

Daniel McDanicI, Hugh D. Lancy, 

Sam* Evans, Peter Howell, 

Andrew Porter, Hugh Brown, 

James Keglin, W". Griffin, 

George Church, James Carney, 

Jacob Shever, Hamilton Campell, 

W". Knepton, John Dagley, 

Alexander Moore, Tho*. Adams, 

Alexander Loag, Joseph Horseleg, 

W-. Gates, John Mitchell. 

Retiitned, Serg* ^all, out of Cap*. Woodward Comp^. 

Cap*. Ogden, of the New York Reg*., slightly wounded. 
Cap*. McGinnis & Lieut. Cole, of said Reg*., Killed. 
A Volunteer, belonging to General Ottways Reg*., Killed. 
Lieut. Campell, of y* York forces, killed. 
Several Private men of the Yorkers Killed. 
Indorsed — *< July 1757, List of men killed, wounded, and missing, 
of a party sent towards Tioonderoga."* 

Speech to Indians, 1757. 

Brethren : 

You very well know that it is Customary with all Nations, when 
they have ben at Warr with one another, and •Peace is made, to 
release all prisoners on both sides, among the Indians. The pri- 
soners are released when they first meet to treat for peace, which 
Custom you your self observed. When yon first Came down to 
Easton and Kindled this Council fire, by bringing sotue of the pri'- 
Boners down, in order to show your Sincerity for peace. 

* Xhi« paper is unconnected with any other, and no place being desig- 
nated where these deaths occurred, we have no means of ascertaining the 



I must now desire and insist, by this Belt of Wampum, in behalf 
of the King of Great Britton,.wboes Children you now are, imme- 
diately to set at Liberty the prisoners as yet remaining among yoa, 
and yon will be so good as to Convey them down by some of yoor 
yoDg men, who will be well rewarded for their trouble. 

Give the Belt * 

Names of the Persons present at the dbuyerinq the 
Presents from the Quakers to' the Indians, 1757. 

At Easton. 

Israel Pemberton, 
James Pemberton, 
Abd James, 
Kiohard Wistar, 

Indoned. — << 6th Angust, 1757, Quakers present at delivering the 
goods on Saturday, to ye Indians."! 

Joe. Galloway, 
Jos. Fox, 
Jeremiah Warder. 

Quakers at Easton, 1757. 

Is. Pemberton, 
John Pemberton, 
James Pemberton, 
Isaac Zane, 
Daniel Stanton, 
Hogh RobtrtfiT, 
Francis Richardson, 
John Morris, 
Charles Jones, 
William Fisher^ 
AViel James, 
A&th^^ Benezet, 
Peter Reeves, 
Sam* Oarrigues, 
Daniel Ofley, 
Jacob Shoemaker, 
William Brown, 
Tho-. Wharton, 

Francis Rawle, 
Charles Moor, 
Doctor Jos. Lownesy 
Cap" John liownesy 
Rich* Wister, 
Solomon Fnsael, 
Sam> Halford, 
John Churchman, 
Peter Worrel, 
Jer" Warder, 
Jn* Hunt, 


Jo. Morris, 
Jn". Jones, 
Benjamin Lightfoot, 
Aaron Ashbridge, 
James Bady, 
Samuel Morris. | 

* In Conrad Weiser's hand writing, and indorsed, ** Draft of GoVrs speech 
concerning release of prisoners, July, 1757.'^ 

t See Colon. Rec. Vol. VII., p. 707. 

t Indorsement, «* July, 1767, Quakers in Easton." See Colon, Rec., VoL 


Samuel Nsyill to Bichabd Petebs, 1757* 

Perth Aml)oy, July 2, 1757. 

Agreeable to jour Bequest, in your Letter of the 28*^ of AprH, 
I have made Enquiry about the Horse which was given to Pomp- 
shirOy at the Desire of Teedyuscung, and find the faot as followeth. 

Pompshire was indebted to one Isaac Yandom, of Freeboldi in 
the County of Monmouth, a certain Sum of Money, how much I 
cannot say : for the Payment of which Pompshire sold him the Horse 
as his own Property, and Yandom sold him again to one Matthias 
Isilstine, in our Neighbourhood,, in whose custody he was, when Jo- 
seph Beaks's Wife and Son laid claim to him. John Beaks, the 
Son, swore positive before me that the Horse was stolen. I seemed 
to scruple his knowledge to the Felony, alledging, that the, Horae 
might be stray'd away ; but he asserted, that you declared, that the 
Horse was stolen, Bridle and Saddle, upon which I could do no len 
than issue my Warrants, first against Isilstine, in whose Custody 
the Horse was, who made Oath, Ihat he had him -from Isaac Yan- 
dom ; then against Yandom, who, rather than have any further 
Trouble about it, made Bestitntion to Isilstinei and delivered the 
Horse to Beakes. 

After my Hurry of Business and Betura from the Sitting of As- 
sembly was over, I sent for Isilstine, and procured him to go to 
Isaac Yandorn with a Letter, and Yandorn's Answer I now enclose 
to you, by wl^ch yon will see, That Yandora's Demand for his Da- 
mages is Sixteen Pounds Proclamation money, and Isilstine's De- 
mand for his Trouble and Ezpences is One Pound Ten Shillings like 
money. All which Damages and Costs ought, in my opinion, to be 
made good by this John Beakes, for taking so rash an Oath ; and 
well for him he comes off so. 

However, your Answer and Besolution in this Affair is now waited 
for by Yandorn and Isilstine ; and if I can be of any further Ser- 
vice to you in it, be pleased to signify your Will, and I shall with 
Pleasure comply with the same to the best of my Power. 
I am. Sir, with great Bospect, 

^Your most Humble Servant, 


To the Bev. M'. Bichard Peters, in Philadelphia. 
* See letter of Conrad Weiser, on page 86. 


Capt. Jacob Okndt to Conrad Wbisbr, 1757. 

To ibe honourable Colonel Weismr : 

These are to inform yon thai Detinsenne is arriT'd here Yes- 
terday EY'ning, and there be at present about 200 Indians with 
him, with yonng and old. Detiuscung is intended to stay here about 
five or six days, and in this Time he ezpeets one hundred of the Se« 
neka Indians here, and then he is intended to go to Easton, in hopes 
to meet with his Honour the Oovcmor. 

I am mform'd that Lieut. M'*''*'* is run away with another man's 
wife, and hope you will inform his Honour the Goyemor how ne- 
oessary it is that I might have another Lieutenant. If you would be 
pleas'd to reoommend Ensign Conrad in his stead, who, I think, will 
be a man very fit for a Lieutenant. I send with these the Muster 
and Pay HoU of my Company. I hope you will excuse me, as I 
have not sent my Journal, for I had n6t time to draw a Copy of it. 

I am. Sir, &c. 

Fort Allen, July 5, 1757. 

With Submission, I think Ensign Conrad worthy of a Ueutenants 


Timothy Horsfield to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

, Beth", July 6, 1757. 
May it Please your Honour : 


Last night arrived an Express from Cap^ Omdt, at Fort Allen, 
advising of Teedyuseungs being come. The following is what Cap^ 

Omdt writes me. 


" This is to Inform you that Teedyusoung is arrived here Tester" 
'^ day, in the Evening, with the Indians that at present be about 
" 200 here at the Fort, with young & old, and Teedyuscuug is In- 
" tent to stay here about 5 or 6 Days, and then there Comes about 
" 100 of the Senaoas Indians, of which we will wait, & then he 
'^ will go from here to Easton, in hopes that his Honour the Oover« 
<' nor will meet him there ; and I D^ire you will be pleased to send 


« an Extract of this to His Honour the Governor, & to Major Par- 
sons. ' . 
I am your Hononrs most 

Obed' Hamble Serv*. 



On His Majestys Service— The Honourable William Denny. Es- 
quire, Governor of the Province of Pensylvania. 

Instructions to Issachar Davis, 1757. 
Hr. Issachar Davies, 

The Governor intends to live in Mr. Parson's house whilst at 
Easton, which is now empty, Mr. Parsons being indisposed & on a 
Journy to the sea side for the Recovery of his health. 

The Governor desires you will look at the House, see what Beds, 
Bedding, Sheets, Table Linnen, & other Linnen necessary for the 
use of a Family, are left in the house, what Kitchin Furniture, 
wood, and water there may be, and what Servants. 

By what means, Butcher's meat & Butter, Bread, Fowls, & other 
sorts of Provisions can be laid in every day, without giving the 
Governor's Family unnecessary Trouble. 

Perhaps Nicholas Scull will undertake to do all or ^ part of w* is 
necessary, & to supply Provisions & Beer. Pray ask him & consult 
w^^ him upon every particular article. 

On your Return w^ must be as quick as you can make it, you 
are to wait on the Governor and make your Report, that every thing 
may be provided before hand & taken up along w*^ him. 

I suppose dean Beds can be got for Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Chew, 
Mr. Logan, and two other Members of Council, in good & respect- 
able Houses. Engage six Beds besides the Governors & mine, who 
shall be at Mr. Parsons. 

Pray do not omit any thing, tho' in my haste I may have done it, 
relative to the Lodging, Diet, & other accomodations of the Qovemor 
at Easton. 


yqpr humble servant, 


7th July, 1757. 

To Mr. Issachar Davies. 

♦ See Col. Rcc, Vol. VII., p. 034. 


To Mb. Peters. 


As to freas ProvisioDB on Every Day Shall be Duly Provided, for 
yoo k your CompaDy such as fowls; Beeff^ Motton^ Veali Bread 
k Batter, from me, 

Nathaniel Vernon. 

Att Mr. Parson's honse there Can be gott 2 Beds & Bedding for 
to Change at any time, Table Iinnens, Plenty for 12 pepple, no ser- 
veDts nor Coock, bat as for kitchen furniture, pleanty of all Sorts. 

Nicholas Scull undertakes to provide Servents what shall be ne* 
sessary for ye Oovernour, and what Gentleman that shall Come with 
him, whilst at Mr. Parsons, No Coock Can be Gott at East TowD| 
but Good water Plenty.* 

Captain Jacob Orndt to Gov. Dennt, 1757. 

May it Piece yonr honner, 

According as Titiuskong arrifed att fort Allin the 4th of these In- 
Btend July, with abend 150 Indins with young and old, and aboud 
fivety was there allredey with young and old, and according as Titi- 
uskong hath Informd me that above one hounderd of the Sinekera 
Indins would Come after him, that he was Intented to waid fore 
tbem att fort Allin six or Beven Days, but as I fal wery shord with 
Provisions I was obligd to march with the Indins yesterday finom 
fort Allin, there number was 150 that went with me to Easton, and 
the Bemainder Stayd att fort Allin, * * sum went back with a litle 
Provision fore * * * * there famly Down, and yeasderday I Came so 
fare with them as to John Haysis, and there Wee Stayd all night 
aod these Day, wee set o£F from there and arrifed Safe at Easton, 
with all the Indins except one, William Dattame, an Indin, went 
withond my Knowledge, and against my orders to Bathloham, and 
it hapind on his Boad Wen he had Tumid o£F that a foolish wite boy 
aboad 15 years of cage, folowed him, and Shot him in the Bight 
Thigh of the out sid bone, but not morterly, and Just when I Came 
with the Indins and Ten men of my Company to escord the Indins 
to Easton, William Hays Came after me exepress with these Infor-^ 
matioQ, that William Dattamyf was Shot, and according as mayor 
Parsons is absand from Easton, I Considered that it was wery nesso* 

* See letter of Conrad Weiser, July 16, p. 217. 
t See Dr. Otto's reports of his oondiUon, postea. 


eery to Stay with my men att Easton, fore to Protackt the lodtos and 
to hinder all Scrobcl and * * * which might fall out between Witer 
Peoble and the Indins, until I shall Receve your houners fourter 

I am sir, 

With all Due Respeet 

your humble servind att Command, 

Easton, July 3th, 1757. 

To the hounereble William Danny, Esq'., Governor of Pensyl- 

Report of the Indians that camb to Easton ^ way op 
Fort Allen, 1767. 

Is as follows. 

July the 8th, 1757, No. 133 or there about. 
Do. 10th, 11 from Bethlehem. 

Do. John Bumshire came with several more from Phila- 
Do. the 11th, 8. 

Do. I compted the Indians in Easton, 
Men, 51, Women, 35, Children, 64, in all 150. 
Do. ye 12th, from Bethlehem, 7 Men, 2 Women, 9 in all. 
Do. ye 18th, Men, 45, Women, 25, Children, 39, in all, 109, 

these was chiefly Sinaea^s. 
Do. ye 26th, there came 6 Men from Port Allen. 
Do. ye 28th, Men, 3, Women, 5, Children, 3, in all, 11. 
The whole accompt is 112 Men, 67 Women, 106 Children, Total, 
The above % me, 

P. S. Sum of these Indians hath leaft Easton and went to Fort 
Allin, but I Do not no how meny. 

The feirst Day of August in the Time as the Conference was 
arrifed at Easton, 16 men, 2 lads, 10 women & Children, 11 of them 
came from Fort Allin. 

• , During the Conference arrived 16 Indian Men, 2 Lads, 10 Women 
and Children. 

Aug. 1, 1757. 


Lt, Jacob WETHEEnoLD to William Parsons, 1757. 

Northampton County^ Lynn Township, Jaly 9, 1757. 
Honered Sir : 

These are to Acqnant yon of A Murder Hapened this Day at the 
Houce of Adam Olauce, in said Township of Lynn, Whaire three 
or fore Nabors Was Cutting said man's Corn; as they Was Eating 
theaire Dinner they Waire fell one By A Perty of Saviges, Indians, 
and Five of the Whits Took to there Heals, two jnen, two Women, 
and. one Oerl, and Oot saf out of theire hands. Was Killed and 
Scolped, Martin Yagjsr and his Wife, and John Croushores, Wife 
and one Child, and the Wife of Abrahan Secies, and one Child of one 
Adam' Clouce, and the Wife of John Concchero« and the Wife of 
Abram Secies Was Sculpt and is yet Alive, But Badly Wounded, 
one Shot Thro' the Sid and the other in the Thy, and two Children 
Kiid Belonging to said Crousbere, and one to said Secler, and one 
Belonging to Philip Antoi9 Not Sculpt, and 'this Was Don at Least 
three Miles Within the out side Settlers, and 4 miles from John 
Ererett's, and Philip Antone's Wife Was one that Took her Tilit 
and came horn and Acquanted her husband, and he came and 
Aequanted me, and I went Emeaditly to the Place With Seven men 
Besides my Self and Saw the Murder, But the Indians was Oon and 
I Derectly Purs'ed them About 4 Milds and Came Up with them in 
the thick Groves Weairo Wee met with Nine Indians, and one 
Sprang Behind a Tree and took Sit at me and I Run Direct at him, 
and Another one the sid Flast at me, and then Both took to there 
Heals, and I shot one as I Goge Thro' the Body, as he fell on his 
£!oe, But I Loded and after another that was Leding A maire, and 
ye meane time he Got np and Run away and I fired one the other, 
and I think I shot him in ye Buttuz, and my Soldiers had opper- 
tanety to shot three times, and then they Got out of pure Sit in the 
thick Groves, and Wee Cold Not find them No more, But I Got 
from theni one maire and two Saddels, one Bridel and Holter, & one 
Bag With a Gag of Stil Lioker in it, and Cloths and one Brace 
Cittel and fore Indians Caks Baked in the ashes of Wheat meal 
and to Aquat you further, that I have Several New Soldiers that has 
No Guns, and Were Littel Powder and Led, and I have sent this 
Express to you Hoping that you Wold Help me with Arms and 
Ammenishan, and so I Remaine youre frind and Umble Servent, 



To Mr. Maigor Parsons, Esq'.; Living in Easton, in Northampton 


Captain Jacob Orndt to Gov. Denny, 175Y, 

May it Piece yonr houner. 

Just now I Bcceveid tbese Inclosed letter from leiretenind Wetter- 
hold, Deriotid to Mayor Parsons, and as he is ott Present absend I 
under Took to openid thcs letter, and I thought Proper to forewartid 
emmetiatly to his houner the Govornor, and according as I have Iq- 
formd in my letter Dated of the 8th* of these Instend, that I am 
arrifed att Easton with Didiuskong and the Indins, and as I have 
but a Small guard with me Consisting only of 9 men, and I am 
wery much Troubld to Prevent Confussion between the Indin and 
the Wite People, especial of the Jearcy People, therefore I was 
obliged to Stay here in these Down, there fore I Desier if it Please 
your houner to order more and sufficient guard att these Down fora 
the Indins. 

I am sir, '^ 

Your wery most humbly 
and obedient Scrvend, 

Easton, July 10th, 1757. 
To the Honourable William Denny, Govomor of Pensylvania. 

Col. John Abmstrong to Gov. Dbnnt, 1757. 

Carlisle, 11th July, 1757. 
Honoured Sir, 

Yonr favour of the 7th Inst, is come to hand, 'tis very Satisfac- 
tory to mo, that the dispossition of these Western Troops when 
threatn'd with the approach of a large body of the Enemy, has been 
agreeable to your Honour. 

Our People are return'd from Reas Town without making any 
other discoveries than the Tracks of very small parties at a consider- 
able distance, tho' our spys were thirty miles on all hands from the 
Camp, so that I take the party from Duquesne only to have Patrol'd 
a Certain distance & returned, or to have marchd up the Kiver 
towards Winango. Cap* Dagworthy's Spys from Fort Cumberland 
have also returned without making any discovcrys. 

I have rec* a Letter from Mr. Peters advising of your Honours 2d 
paragraph, in regard of giving every officer half a pistole, for each 

* See p. 209. 


lecrait enlisted after the 20th of June, I nnderataiid that to be given 

to defray recruiting ezpences, and not -as boanty money to the Sol* 
dier, having already ree* Orders to give a Pistole boanty for three 
years or daring the war, but will wait your Honr* farther advice on 
that sabject least mj conception of the use of the half Pistole shou'd 
be wrong. 

I will observe your Horn* Orders with regard to retams of ammu- 
nition, and how' us'd, as frequently as the distant situation of those 
Garrisons will admit, we frequently Shute at Marks, but have not 
been able to perform some other parts of Indian Exercise which I 
have bad in view, as it would have wasted more Powder than we had 
to spare, and \>artly on acc^ of the extraordinary fatigue we have had 
for these six weeks past, in pursuing small parties of the Enemy, 
from wbomc we receive Alarms and some mischiefs almost every 
day. This moment I'm informed that four people are kill'd near 
Tobias Hendricks's, one at Fort Frederick, ana two boys Captivated 
io the upper part of this County. On Wednesday last Lieut. Arm- 
stroDg March'd with Forty Soldiers, accompany'd by Mr. Smith the 
Indiaa Interpreter, and Ten Indians into Share Mans Valley, where 
some of the Enemy had been disoover'd. They were join'd by 80 
of the Country people who wanted to bi;ing over their Cattle from 
that place. On Thursday they found the tracts of Eight of the 
Enemy, and followed them with Spirit enough untiU evening, when 
the tracts made towards this Valley. Next Momning the Cherokees 
discoTcr'd some tracts bearing off to the westward) upon which they 
said they were discover'd, and that those bearing to the Westward 
were going to inform a Body of the Enemy which they said was not 
£ir off, upon which the Lieu' told the Interpreter that his Orders 
particularly led him, to make discovery of the Enemies encampment 
(if any such there was) and to know whether any Cattle were drove 
off for their support. But two or three of the bravest of the Indians 
freely told the Interpreter, that their young men were afraid, that 
the.Enemy had discover'd them, and therefore no advantage oou'd 
at that time be got, nor oou'd the Interpreter prevail on them to 
stay any longer out, the Lieu' reconoitred the Country towards Ju- 
niata, and return'd last night without any disco very s of a lurking 
party of the Enemy behind us. On Friday we had the news of a 
boy's being fired at by two Indians, about Seven Miles from this 
Town, upon which Colonel Stanwix sent out a Picket, the Cherokees 
vith a few wearied Soldiers who were here again turn'd out, found 
the Enemies footing, and followed it some miles but cou'd not make 
it oat We have had great Rain, and the Creeks very high, which 
has added much to the fatigue of our People. The Harvest is now 
become the great Object. This day I'm fixing a Plan for gaarding 
as well as we can the Inhabitants thro' that Important Season, of 
which I shall advise y hon' in my next. Colonel Stanwix gtreB 


ammunition to eTttry ooUoeted body of the InhabiUmts reeommended 
bjrme to him. 
N lam, 

Tour Honours most Obed* 
Humbl Servt, 


P. S. I'm much horry'd and have not time to write fair. 

Governor Denny. 

Joseph Galloway, &c. to Gov. Denny, ,1757. 

Philad% July 14% 1757. 
Sir : 

As the Provincial Officers do not receive so much Pay as the Offi- 
cers of the Kings Troops,^we have agreed to provide them w*^ the 
Tents & Camp Equipages required by your Honour, this will be 
done immediately. 

We are truly surprized at the information given us by the Gover- 
nor, that << the Proprietaries have directed him not to suffer Pre- 
<< sents from any particular Society to be given to the Indians, or to 
<< be joined with the public Present at any Treaty." 

We know of no Presents that have been given by any particuhir 
Society to Xhe Indians. The Presents heretofore paade was from a 
voluntary Subscription of some of the inhabitants, & were not given 
immediately to the Indians by them, but immediately through the 
Governor as the Representative of the Crown, with the other Pre- 
sents of the Government : But was the Case otherwise. It is, in 
our opinion, the first instance of persons holding the Powers of Go- 
vernment, under the Crown, refusing to receive Donations from any 
of the King's Subjects towards the safety of the people, & recon- 
ciling the Natives to the English interest. The Present of the Qua- 
kers, made in the Time of the late Rebellion, was kindly received 
by the Governm* of our Mother Country, and we doubt not woud 
be so again on any other like occasion. What then can be the Mo- 
tive of the Proprietaries to this extraordinary Refusal^of a Sum of 
Money given to the King's use? But this Refusal will appear 
more extraordinary when it is considered. That the first Proprietor 
by the most solemn Contract with the original Purchasers, cove- 
nanted with them that they should hold their Lands free from all 
Indian claims or incumbrances, in consideration of their paying an 
annual Quit Rent ; Notwithstanding which, the Indians now claim 


large Titets of Land sold by tbe Proprietors to the People, and 
complain that part of them have never been paid for, and that other 
Parts haTB been taken from them by fraud. To accommodate these 
Claims & Complaints between the Proprietors & the Indians, and 
to Conciliate the Minds of the Natives to his Majesty's Interest, 
which have been alienated (as they assert) by these Means from the 
British Interest,' & forced to join with our perfidious Enemies, is, 
as we conceive, the whole Design of this Treaty. As this then is a 
Dispate entirely between the Proprietors & the Indians, a regard to 
the Contracts of their worthy Father, & Justice to the People they 
Govern, denyind that they shoud bear the whole Ezpence thereof outi 
of their own private Purses. How then can they or the Governor 
think them justifyable in not only refusing to Contribute any thing 
towards Settling Affairs of such high Importance to the Lives £ 
Properties of the People, but even in rejecting the kind offers of 
his Majesty's Subjects, who are desirous to contribute in a generous 
manner towards restoring Peace to the Province, & procuring a con- 
siderable accession of Strength to the British Interest in America. 
If the Proprietors have no Regard for the Solemn Contract of their 
worthy Predecessor equally obligatory on them, nor for the People 
thev govern, nor for his Majesty's Interest in general, we hope they 
will not think themselves justifiable in rejecting the Presents geno- 
roosly given by his Majesty's loyal Subjects in this Province for 
these good & necessary purposes, and at thd same time call on us to 
make up the Sum of Money out of the Public fund, which the 
Public is deprived of by these extraordinary directions of the Pro- 
prietors. And shoud the Indians be disgusted, & their minds con- 
tinue alienated from his Majesty's Interest, for want of the Presents 
which the Quakers & others have offered, & are now ready to put into 
the hands of the Government, and tho People discouraged from 
such like Contributions hereafter when wanted, the Proprietaries, 
who have unreasonably refused them, must be answerable for the 

As to the '' Provincial Provisions directed to be buried by Colonel 
Stanwix/' they were inspected by order of the Commissioners by 
three Persons, one of them appointed by the Commissi", one by the 
Officers, & the third by the Contractors. The Report made to the 
Commissioners thereupon was, That the Provisions were good ,& 
sound, save a small Matter which was then returnd to the Contract- 
ors. How this affair iS; we cannot determine, until we hear from 
the Contractors. 

We have agreed to defray the Expenoes of sending the Mohawks 
& Monacototha's Wife & Family to New York, & to make her a 
Present; and have drawn an Order for an Hundred Pounds payable 
to your Secretary, to bear the Expences of your Journey to Easton, 
which Order you have inclosed. M'. Baynton will pay any Person 


y' Honour may appoint for condueting the Indians to New Tork, 
the Slim Necessary. 

We are, Sir, 

Your humble Servants; 


Jon. HugheS; 
John Baynton, 
Jos. Fox. 


. To the bon**« William Denny, Esquire. 

Conrad Wbiser's Memorandum of Conference at 
Easton, 1757. 

July 14, 1757. 

King Teedyuscung being mot in Council, with John Pumpshire 
and Moses Tedeemy, Interpreters, and Seven or Eight Elderly men. 

After Conrad Wciser bid Teedyuscung and his People Wellcome 
in the name of the Governor, and Shook Hands with him, &c. 

King Teedyuscung took out a Belt of Wampum, and thanked 
the Governor for his Kindness, and all his People, as well as him< 
self, signify 'd a great Deal of Satisfaction to hear from the Gover- 
nor. And the King said : It pleased the Hand of Providence to 
bring mo once more to the Place where our Council Fire was kin- 
dled. It is a great Pleasure to me to hear from my Brother the 
Governor, and hope I shall See him Soon here at our Council Fire, 
where we will Smoak the best Tobaccoe with one another that can 
be found, and the best Understanding restored that ever was. By 
this Belt of Wampum I take you by the Hand and lead you up to 
our Council Fire^ and desire you will not listen to the singing of 
Birds in tho Woods. But come with Pleasure, and be as expe- 
ditious this Time as ever you can. Gave the Belt. 

M^ Pumpshire, 'in delivering the Belt, observed to me that, as 
there was a great deal of Black Wampum in the Belt, It was to dis- 
tinguish the Ten white Spots, signyfying ten Nations that came with 
Teedyuscung, and desired I might explain it so to his Honour the 


VmUBYhYAtilA AibCHXYSS 1757. 217 

GoURAld WSIStt 10 UjXfRAXb PATStlB, 1737. 

EastoD; Jaly the 15, 17&7. 
M^Rioh' Peters: 

I received your favonni of tlie 15^ per EzpresS; part of it I have 
ftD£wered in my letter to the Governor this day as to rooqaa and 
bediDff. I have ben ont to looke and send others out^ and find that 
good beds and clean rooms are either scarce or taken up. M'. Par- 
sons, yon know, is moved to his new house, and there are several 
Clever rooms in that house, that is designed for the Governor. I 
bespoke the two room in M'. Parsons old house^ where yourself and 
the Governor lodged last year.* It will suit two of the Gentlemen 
you named very well, if not three ; the rooms are Clean, the beds 
I call ^od, but perhaps them Gentlemen will differ with me in 
opinion. Let them peradvent' send beds in a Wagon, tho I think 
there is not much occasion for it, several Tolerable good rooms may 
be bad here, but beding is wanted. I bespoke a room at Kiohlein, 
and I would part with mine for the Gentlemen, but a public house 
would perhaps not suit so well ', but let the Gentlemen th^ you 
named come, I dont doubt at all they will be pleased. 

In the letter to the Governor I gave an account of the murder 
Comited last Saturday, and of the gard I Expect in this town in a 
few days. 

The Indians seem to be in very good temper, and signified great 
Satisfaction on my coming, and I have strong hopes that some thing 
effeetualy will be done, or may be done with &em, if there wont 
be too many Cooks, and if Buisy Body would stay at home. I wish 
yoa health and happiness, hoping to see you all soon ; who am, . 
Dear Sir, 

Your very humble Servant, 


To Bkhard Peters, Esquire, Secretary to the Government, in 
Philadelphia — p^ James Anis, Junior. 

* See page 208, 216. f Autograpli oat off. 

Vw. III.— 10 


Conrad Wbisjbe to Gov. PssfNT, 175T, 

Easton, July the 16% 1757. 
Honoured Sir : 

• Last Night I arrived in this Towft. The extreme hot Weather, 
and Showers of Rain prevented mv coming sooner. This MoraiDg 
I went to see Teedjudcung and bid him & his People Welcome, 
and of what else past Your Honour has a Copy here enclosed. The 
Indians seemed exceedingly pleased. There is one Cappaoh POon, 
an old acquaintance of mine among them, who never was down jet 
as long as I can remember. He is a sincere, honest old Man. 

In coming along thro' the Maxitawny, I heard a melancholly Ac- 
count of Ten People being killed by the Enemy Indians. They 
passed by two or three Plantations on this side the mountain before 
they attacked. A certain Woman ran off towards her Place and told 
her Husband of the attack, who cut the OeM*s off his Horses then in 
the Plow, and rid as fast as he could to Lieut^ Wetherholts, about 
three miles off. Lieut. Wetherholt, with a small Detachment, I am 
told Seven in number, came away immediatelv, and came to the 
Place where the murder was committed, where, by that time, a num- 
ber of People had gathered. Wetherholts proposed to pursue the 
Enemy but none would go with him, so he took his Seven men ft 
pursued the Enemy a few miles from the House, & found the Place 
where they rested themselves, and in ab' three miles He overtook 
them in thick Bushes, at a very little Distance. It seems they saw 
one another at once. One of the Indians was before hand with 
Wetherholts & aimed at him, but his Gun flashed. Wetherholt, a 
moment after, fired at the Indians, and thinks he hit him, but is not 
sure. Several Guns were fired by our People but did no Execution, 
an4 the Indians Guns missing Fire they ran off & left two Horses 
behind them, one belonging to the Man they killed, laden with the 
beet of his Household Goods. 

I expect a Guard in Town of 110 men, but cannot say for posi- 
tive whether they will arrive to morrow or the next Day. The Men 
that oomes are from Swatara, IFort Henry, Fort Lebanon^ and firom 
AHcmangle, with Capt" Bussie. I believe they will come to mor- 
row, or the Day following. Those from Fort Norris & Hamilton I 
have sent for to Day in all the Bain, by two of Oapt" Omdt's men. 
Capt" Omdt will set off this Day for Fort Allen, if the Bain holds 

Here are 169 Indians, including Women and Children ; that is to 
say, 68 Men, 87 Women, 64 Children. There are some of the Se- 
nekas arrived at Fort Allen since Capt* Omdt left it. I wish your 
Honour health and happiness, and remain, 

Your moat obedient & 

very humble servant, 



P. S. The Murder oommrtted in Anemangle, wliioh I have meiH 
tioned above, was dme on Saturday last. M'.. Abram Mhohely the 
Bearer, will deliver with this a Belt of Wampum* 

On his Majesties Service — To the Houourable William Denuj, 
E6q^, LieuteD* governor k Command*^ in Chief of the Province of 
Pennsylvania, In Philadelphia. 

Pr favor of M'. Abm. Mitchell, with a Belt of Wampum. 

Commission to Thomas M'Kbb with Indians, 1757. 

The Honourable William Denny, Esquire, Lieutenant-Goveruor and 
Commander-in-Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, and Coun* 
ties of Newcastle, Kent and Sussez, on Delaware^ 
To Mr. Thomas McKee, Greeting : 

You will be pleased to take into vour care four Six Nation Indians 
Ogaghradarisha, Satagaroyes, and the two Mohocks, wbo came from 
Sir William Johnson, and conduct them safe to Easton, where they 
request to go in order to attend the Treaty to be held there with 
Teedyuscung. Tou will call upon the Commissioners before you go, 
or at Easton, for the expenses attending the Journey. You will be 
fmgal, keep an exact account, and take Vouches for whatever Sums 
you shall pay. All Officers, Civil and Military, are hereby required 
to be aiding to you in anything you may have occasion for, and all 
other the inhabitants are desired to treat the Indians with kii^dness, 
they being our very good Friends, and two of them having been 
employed in public Business by this Government. Given under my 
Hand and Seal at Arms, at Philadelphia, this Sixteenth day of July, 
Anno Domini 1757. 


A LxBT op Killed, k MissiNa at John Cisnby's Fisld, 


A List of those killed ft missing at John Cisney's Field, about 7 
miles from Shippensburg, on July 18th, 1767. 

Killed. John Kirkpatrick, Dennis O'Neidon. 

Hissiuff. John Cisney ft three small Boys, two Sons of Cisney, 
& one a Son of John Kirkpatrick. 

These People refused to Join with their neighbours who had a 
Guard appointed them, because they couldn't have their Fielda 
reaped the first. 


A List of flibse killd & otptWatad afc Joseph Stoeiuon'0 Field!, ahmt 
10 miles from Shippenberg, on Jaly 20di, 1757. 

Killed. Joeeph Mitchel, James Mitcbel, William Mitcbel, Jobn 
Finley, Robert Steenson, Andrew EnsloW; John Wilej, Allen Hen- 
dersoni William Gibson. 

Gaptivitted. Jane McCammoiii Mary Minoi; J«nnet Harperi t i 
son of John Finley's. 

One Indian killed, said to be a Captain over 20. 

The Reason of these People being without a Ooard we have not 
yet heard, but 'tis probable that being above 20 armed men they 
thot themselves strong enough to reap separate from the Company, 
who had a Guard appointed them in that neighbourhood, & after 
having dond reaping & resting themselves in the Field, at about 40 
Perches Distance from their Arms, & without any proper Watch, 
were taken in surprise & fired on from different Quarters. Joseph 
Mitchel called on them to betake themselves to their Arms ft fight, 
but the chief Part immediately fled. As two Indians were hawling 
away a young woman, one Mitchel^a breve young Man, fired upon 
them &, killed one, the young woman escaped, but he himself was 
killed by a Shot as he was loading his Gutf a second Time. 

The number of the Indians is said by some to have been above 
20, but not more that 5 or 6 were seen at the Field. They carried 
off with them about 20 good Horses, which the Reapers had enclosed 
at a small distance. The Soldiers beios dispersed in small Parties 
along the Frontier could not be collected to follow them. 

Col. Jno, Sxanwix xo Gov. Dbnnt, 1767. 

C$mp near Carlisle, July 18th, 1757. 
Dear Sir : 

Since my last letter nothing worth mentioning to you except the 
Inclosed letter, and information from Fort Cumberland should prove 
so, give it you just as I rece* it, without any of my Observations. 

What enemy Indians may remain about this border I can't ssy, 
but do every thing in my power to make their situation uneasy to 
'em. Two days ago Cap^ Munster & two officers of the Five Comp. 
ft 70 menwith one Officer and eight Provincials, (all the zest of 
these last being either open Harvest Partys or on small Scouts) re- 
turned from a Scout but w^^out seeing any of the Enemy. Tbev 
were out three Days marching between the Creek ft the North 
Mountain as far as the Susquehanna, then crossed over the North 
Mountain ft returned thro' Sherman's Yaley, scarce the T^et of an 
Indians, propose to make another good Scout very soon, but for all 
I can do have no doubt but sculking Indians may do mischief; bat 


Tei7 little hann these can do, if the 'people would a small naat^ 
ier defend^themBelveSy & i think upon these parts they rather gather 

The Indians here are ttpon the move, with their presents, to Fort 
Londoan to jojn their Brothers, w" a distrihution will he made hy 
the person deputed hy Mr. Croghao, but they are very much out of 
bumour at hearing of Col. Washington's pnting some of their 
Brethem Prieaners at Winchester. The Cause not directly known, 
have been obliged to send Mr. Smith with a Guard to Col. Wash-> 
ington to see how this affront stands, & he is to return & meet them 
at Fort Loudoun. This they insisted on. The Chief of- these 
Indians tel me they can bring down 500 Warriors, but if ever send- 
ing for them should ever be thought a proper measdre, a Commissary 
with provisions should be first settled fo^them & the presents ready 
to be delivered them on their service performed agreeable to the 
numbers employed. Believe me with great truth, 
D' Sir, Your most 

obed* humble Serv*., 


Conrad Weisbr to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Easton, July 18, 1757. 
Honoured Sir : 

I thought it necessary to inform your Honour that last night the 
Goard intended to protect the ensuing Treaty arrived in this Town 
from the several Forts between Sasqhebannah & Delaware, consisting 
in the whole of 105 Men, including Officers, who are as follows. 
Viz*: Captain ^usse, Lieut* Wetherholt & Hyndshaw, Ensigns 
Snyder & Biddle, the Bearer hereof and Ensign Kern* 

The Indians are altogether good humoured, and Teedyuscung,*" 
considering how much he loves strong Liquor, behaves very well, 
M I have not seen him quite drunk since 1 came to this Town. 
I find that they are rery desirous to come to a lasting Peace with 

Yesterday about Sunset we were alarmed by a Woman who cam^ 
TQDning into Town as if distracted, and reported that her Husbind 
and some of her Children were killed by the Indians, and soon after 
8ome of her Children came with the same Report. I ordered ten 
teen on Horseback to go to the Place with all possible Speed (The 
Place being but two miles from this Town) who returned and said 
that the Alarm was false. They found the man alive and undisturl>- 
ed, no Indians having been there. To relate the Particulars here, 
would be too tedious. In the mean time the Indians took the alarm 
and came to me greatly ooneerned. ^he cry of the commoa Peopl% 


of whieh tbe Town was full, was Yerj great against the Indiansy & 
the poor People did not know what to do or what to say, finding til 
the People so enraged & using such Language However, I had the 
good Look to pacify both the white People and the Indians. Teedy- 
uscung ordered his young men to get ready to pursue the Murderers, 
k some of 'them actually came up to my Lod^ngs with their Arms 
to receive Orders from me. I told them I expected to have a Mes- 
senger immediately from the Officer I sent, and then I would give 
the proper Orders. When they returned I wrote a few lines to 
Teedyuscung, letting him know that the alarm was false, of f hich 
himself and the rest of the Indians was very glad.. 

The common People behave very ill, in asking the Indians nnbe- 
eeming Questions, and using ill Language. I have been obliged to 
put one of the Jersey People under an Arrest, and another into 
Prison, but at the Instance of Teedyuscung I discharged them 
again, with a Caution to behave better for the future. The Indians 
long with Impatience to see your Honour here and desired me to 
write to you with the strongest Words I could think of to hasten 
yo^ coming. I heartily agree with them and promise myself to have 
the satisfaction of seeing your Honour soon. 
I am, 

Honoured Sir, 

Your obedient & most 

humble Servant, 

On his Majesties Service. 
To the Honourable William Denny, Esq'., 
Lieutenant-Governor & Commander-in-Chief 
Of the Province of Pennsylvania, 
« In Philadelphia. 

^ Ensign Bidle, 


Of all proceedings and Circumstance of Affairs, to gether with all 
Busnis and Scouting Done by said Company, from the I** Day of 
Deoember^ 1756. 

December y* !•*, 1756. 

1. I went on Scont with tke oldest Ser*., to see if there ware In- 
dians on the' Cost, but discovr' none 3 we Hetumed safe to the 

2. After Releaving Guard Imploy** the men in hallind firewood. 

* The seal of this letter has been ont off, evidently after the indorsement 
was written. * f At Fert Hyndsln^w and Port HamiUdn. 


3. Reliev' Guard and kept tbo men about tbe Garrison. 

4. and 5. Paid some of the men, and for some provissions. 

6. Kept the men in their posts about the Garrison. 

7. I went on Scout with 2 men and made no Discovery; Re- 
tarn' Safe to the Fort at Night and found all in Good order. 

8 and 9. The men Divided, one part standing on Sentery while 
the other Cut and Hall** firewood. 

10. I went out on Scout with one man and made no Discovery, and 
Betum' safe to the fort. 

11. The Leu^ went on his Journey to Philadelphia, in order to 
get the^ pay for my men for 3 months ; the same Day, about 11 o'^ 
I wont out on Scout with 6 men and Traviled four milds out making 
no Discovery, Return' to the fort. 

12. Sunday and Rainey, we all staid at tbe Garrison. 

13. In the morning, after Guard Relv', I went out with six men 
<m Seout and one Neighbour, and Traviled about eight milds out 
and made no Discovery, and Return' to the Garrison all safe. 

14. After Guard Reliev' I went out with four men on Scout, and 
sent two men with Jacob Swortwood to Guarde him in fetching his 
Grane, where it might be thrash'. 

15. I went with five men on S6out, and s' Jacob Swortwood went 
a gain to his place with s' Guard, it being about four milds from the 
fort. At night, when I retumd, told me, that before ho and s* 
Guard came to tfie field they saw a small Stack of Rye-set out in a 
Large Shock of 30 Shoves on a side, and places Left in the midle to 
Soot out at, and a bee hive set on tbe top. 

16. After the Guard Reliev', I went with six men to the placci 
and order' two men with the Wagons to come sometime after when 
1 bad surrounded the field, then to come and take their Loads which 
was Done, but no Discovery made of the Enemy. I wend then with 
two men through th6 woods and tho rest of the men Guarded the 
Waggon, and we all returnd safe to tbe fort. 

17. It snow^ ; I made a pair of Mokesons for my self to Scout in. 

18. After the Guard Reliev* I went on Scout with six men, and 
went about Six milds from the fort and found the Snow in many 
places half Leg deep y we Desoovering no £nemy, all Retumd sa^ 
to tbe fort 

19. It was Sunday, one of the Corporals with 4 men went on Scoui 
but made no Discovery, and all Retumd safe to the Fort 

20. It Sdow', therefore wo a|] Kept the fort. 

21. The Corporal with 5 men hall' firewood to the Fort, and I 
went witb 3 men on Scout, and four milds out finding the Snow 
Knee deep, but made no Discovery, and Returnd to the fort after 

22. After the Guard Releiv' we cleard of the Snow round the 
Fort, in order to go to work to build a blockhouae. 

23. We all kept the fort 

24. And to the End of the month^ the Snow Rendering it unfit 

224 PEKirSTLVAlrtA ARCSIVKS 1757. 

for Work o? Scouting, we oleard the Parade and kept the mea to 
their Ezercise twice a Day, in which time I paid of the men. 

January y* !•*, 1757. 

I. Releiv' Gaard and Exercia' the men, and kept the fort 
2« Sunday, kept the fort. 

8. Stormy weather. 

4. Kept the men to their Exercifie. 

5. The same. 

6. Hall^ firewood for the Fort. 

7. Exerois^ the men twice. 

8. Halld fire wood, having the adviintage of the Snow. 

9. Sunday, all kept the fort. 

10. I went on Scont with Six men^ and Night on na we lodg* at 
Daniel Shoemakers. 

II. Returned home to the fort. 

12. I went on Scout with 4 men^ made no diecovery, and all Be- 
turnd to the fort 

15. Hall'' fire wood for the fort. 

17. I went on Scout with 5 men, Discovering notbing, Retom* t» 
the fort. 

19. I, with the Leu^ went on Scout with 6 men, and ^raviled 3 
milds out, and Returned to the Fort, Discovering nothing. 

20. I went out on Scout with two men and made no Discoveiy; 
Betnm' safe to the fort. 

21. Rcliev^ Guard and Kept the fort. 

22. I went out with one man on Scout about 7 milda from the fort^ 
Discover* nothing, and Retumd safe to the fort 

23. Receiv* order from Hon^^ Cor<|, Dated 16 Instant, that u 
soon as the Season would admit to Dissipline the men in the Engliflb 
Exercise, and to teach them the Indian method of war^ the whioh 
was immediately observ* and daily practis*. 

SO. Beceiv* Orders from the Hon^^ Cor" to Inlist men to fill up 
mj Company, to consist of fifty men^ Endoding 2 Seij% 2 Corpo- 
rals and a Drummer. 

Febravrary y 4«*. 

Then writ to Maj' W". Persons, Discovering the necessity we ware 
in of Ammonission.' 

6. Receiv* an answer with 29Ib of Leed. 

7. Kcept the men to their Exercise as usual. 
9. Excessive bad weather. 

11. After Guard Reliev* hall* firewood. 

12. Snow, which maid it unfit for Exercise. 
14. Kept the men to their Exercise, 

16. Hall* firewood for the fort. 

17. The men Exerois* twice. 
18 and 19. The same. 

20. Sunday, Kept the Fort. 


21. Went out on Scout with 4 men, tut finfling it so uncomfort- 
able Traviling, and making no Discovery, Return' to the Fort. 
22 and 28. The men kept to their Exercise. 

24. After Guard Reliev' halH fire wood. 

25. Kept the men to their Exercise, and to the End of the 

March the I-*, 1757. 
At Eight 0'^ Reliev^ Guard and Exercis' the men twice. 
4. After Goarde Eeliey'^ orderd the old Guard to H^U firewood 
for the fort. 

6. Sunday, Reliev' Guard at 8 0'° and then Exerois' the men. 

7. After Guard Believ*^ went out on Scout with ten men, Trayil* 
about Six milds, made no Disooyery, and Ketum' to the fort. 

9. Exercis' the men twice. 

10. Exercis' the men twice. 

11. After Guard Reliev* at 8 0'% Hall« fire wood for the fort. 

12. After Guarde Reliev' I went with Six men on Scout, and tr»- 
viled about Six milds and made no Discovery, and all Return' safe 
to the fort. 

18. Sunday, Reliev' Guard at 8 0'% and all Kept the Garrison. 
14. After Guard Reliev' went on Scout with 8 men, Discovering 
notbmg Return' to the fort. 

16. After Guard Reliev', hall' firo wood for the fort. 

17. Dissiplind the men twice. 

18. After Guard Reliev' I went on Scout with 5 men, mado no 
Discovery, and Return'd to the fort. 

19. Reliev' Guard, Dissipliod the men, and hall' fire wood. 

20. Reliev' Guarde at 8 0'% and all kept the fort. 

21. Went on my Journey for Easton in order to attend Court, 
Leaving the Charge of the Company w^ the Leu^, and being Detaind 
by Reson of Bad weather I attended the whole term. 

28. I Return' Safe to my Company at Fort Hyndshaw, finding all 
tlung in good order and my men in health. 

29. Reliev' Guarde and Dissiplind the men twice. 

30. After Guarde Reliev' went on Scout with 4 men, and others 
imploy' in hailing fire wood for the fort. 

April !■*. 
After Guard Reliev' I wisnt on Scout with 4 men, add went about 
4 milds; making no Discovery Retdriid to the fbrt. 
2. Reliev* Guard and Disciplind the men. 
8: Sunday, Reliev* Guatd* and Kept the Fort. 

4. Dissiplin' the men twice. ' f 

5. Reliev* Guard, then imploy the men in hailing fire woodi 

6. Dissiplind the mon. 

7. Reo' an Order, dated March 28«, from the H014" Cor<» Wizer, 
commanding me immediately to Send an Atachment of men, 16 in 
number, to Relieve the Company station' at Fort Hambleton. 



8. Took pofisesrion of 8^ fort aooording to my ordeiBy md ibe 


^ ! open* 

the same, and found it to be a Coppy from the ori^at, sent by Jacob 
Snyder, Insign, being then Commander at fort Norris, with which I 
could not content my self; but went of immediately to Easton to see 
the Maj'. 

10. Then spoke with the Maj' at his own House, who order* that 
the Leu*., with 25 men of my Company, should immediately march 
to Riddin, to the Cor"», there to Rec* further orders. 

11. Return* home to fort Hyndshaw, Receiving the Original of 
' the Maj'* order by the way, and acquainted the Leu*, with the affiur. 

12. Got the men Ready for a m^rch. 

13. Convey* the Leu*, with s* Company as far as fort Hambletoo. 

14. The Lieu*, march* with said Company about Bight O'Clock 
in the morning i&om Fort Hambleton, and 1 Returned to fort Hynd- 

1^ Dissiplind the men. 
16* Went to see the Maj^ 

20. Return* to Fort Hyndshaw, visiting Fort Hambleton on my 
way, and found all things in good order at both Forts. The Night 
following an Express came from fort Hambleton to me at fort Hynd* 
ahaw, with an acoomp* of a murder Committed about Sun set. 

21. Went to Fort Hambleton with 7 men, and found it to be one 
Cuntryman, a Lad of about 17 years of age. Kill* and Scalp* by 
the Indians, about 100 Rods from the fort Hambleton, which I took 
up and Buried the same day ; Return* safe with my men to fort 

' 22. Dissiplind the men twice. 

23. Imploy* the men in hailing firewood to the fort. 
, 24. Sunday, all Keept the fort. 

26. My Serj^ Leonard Den, with 2 men of for subsistance to 
Sam^ Depues, having got within aboat 2 milds of s* Depues, s* Seij*. 
was shot, the 2 men Return* and inform* me of it,. where upon an 
allarm was beat, and the neighbours all gather* to the fort; my self 
with 7 men went of immedifitely and found him Kill* and Scalp*, 
and intirely Strips and shamefully cut, that his bowls was Spred on 
the Ground, I immediately sent oi 3 men to a* Depues for a Wagon, 
which being come we carried him to a* Depues, where we kept 
guarde that night. 

26. Early in the morning we Buried him in a Christian manner, 
& all Return* to Fort Hyndshaw. 

27. Dissiplind the men, increasing our Sentinels as far as our 
week circumstance would allow. 

28. Disiplind the men, giving them such Cauqion as I thought 
needful!. • 


29 aad 30. Oatrded the, neigboors in their neeenary Buonesi 
with all that oould poaaibly Leav^ the fort. 

May !•*. 

Sanday, all Kept the fori 

2. Diuipliad the men at 8 O*** in the momingi then imploy^. the 
men in hailing firewood for the Gtirriaon. 

3. Disaiplin*^ the men at 8 0'*> in the morning, then I went on 
Soottt with 5 men, and traviled aboat 5 mildd and Diaoovered noth* 
i|ig, and all Betom'' safe to the ffirt. 

4. Dissiplin' the men at 8 O'* in the raoming, then I went oa 
Scout with 5 men, & traviled abont 6 mild8, Disoovering nothing ; 
all Return^ safe to the fort. 

5. Abont Eight in the morning, word came to me that an Indian 
was aeen abont 3 qnarters of a mild from the fort ; I went out im- 
mediately in persuit of them with Eight men & one neighbour, and 
found it trae by seeing his track, but conld not come up with him^ 
but my men from the fourt saw him Rnning from us at a Consider- 
able distance from us, as they Likewise at the same time Conld see 
some of my Company, as the few I left to Keep the fort affirm^ to 
me at my Retdm, bat I seeing nothing of him Betura* with my 
men safe to the fort. 

The same day one of my men, coming from a field whero I sent 
a guard to Gaard the neighbours at there work, saw three Indians 
Goming down a mountain near s* field, he gave me notice, I imme- 
diately went out with s' man and 2 others in persnit of them, not 
thioking it proper to go very far, the Garison bsing left very weak. 
I stood on guard with 2 men, while one went to allarm the Guard 
that was in the field, then Retumd to the fort, Disoorering nothing. 

7. At Eight of the Clock Dissiplind the men, after which some of 
my men, who had observ' the night before as they were on Sentury, 
th^ the Djgs Keept an annsual barking and running to a particular 
plaoe, went to see what the ooasioo should be, and founl that an In* 
dian had stood behind a tree about 25 yards from the fort ; being 
told I want to see and found it true, his tracks being vissible enough 
to be seen ; in the afternoon I went on Scout with 4 men and a 
ueighbDur, but made no Discovery, anl all Roturnd safe to the fort?* 

7. The men ciU to their Elercise at the u^ual time, after which 
I went w^ 4 men to a Smiths shop whare we made an Instrument 
to take a Ballit out of my Horse, who was shot when Ser^. l)jn was 
Kill*', and all Betum' safe to the fort. 

8. Sunday, assisted some of the neighbours with their Goods and 
families to the fort. 

9. Disaoplind the men, aftor which Gnardad two of the neigh- 
b3ur3 in their necessary Bassines, which what men could be Spaird, 
and continued the same to the 

15. Sunday, we all Kept the fourt. 

. l^v '^ho' Weak bataded, I Went on Scout with 4 men, travited 
aboat 4 milds, made no Discovery, aind^ Return' safe to the fort.* 

17« Dissiplind the men at 8 0'*" in the mornings then guarded 
the neighbors with all I could Spair from the fort. 

18. Ezerciad the men twice, and all kept the fort. 

191 After Exerolsding the men, Guarded the neighbourB with all 
that could be Spaird from the fort. 

20. The Cor|5ora1, with S men^ Wetat oil SMut by my order, tra- 
Tiled about 3 milde, mad no Discovery, and Return' to the fort. 

21. Att 4 0'*, afternoon, Receiv* a letter from Cap^ Busfle toaend^ \ 
% Coiriif^S with 5 men^ to meat him at Lest on the 22 day, to Guard 
him to fort AlliUi which men I Dispach' in half an hbUr, 

22. Sunday, we few which Remaind all kept the fort. 

23. About 10 O'Olodc inf th«^ ihbrtiing I Receiv' a Letter from 
Mtijr Parsott) wherein he Besir' me to come to Easton to Reo^ my 
pay, with the pay for my men; I having then but It) mien Left me 
to keep the Fort, I toot the Case togather with my men into oonsi- 
deration^ who all Beg" of me not to leave the fort, where upon I 
wrote to the Maj' and Beg' of him to Gonsider^our Gii^iMnstaxloe; 
atid Excuse me untill the men Return*. 

24. Dissoplind the Men at Eight in the morning, and all kept the 
fort, being week handed. 

25. I went on Scout with '8 men, and traviled about 3 milds in 
the mountains and Discover' nothing ; Return' to the fort. 

26. Dissiplind the men, and all staid about the fbtt. 

27. Dissiplind the men twice. 

28; At 2 O*'', afternoon, the men. Who* with Comisary Young, 
from Easton to fort Allen, Returnd all in Helth. 

29. Erercis' the men, and all kept' the fort. 

30. I went on Scout with 3 men, and traviled about 4 milds; dis- 
oOver' nothing and Returnd to the foit. 

31. Dissiplind the men at 8 .0'*' in the morning, afternoon went 
on Scout with 4 men, went about 3 mildb from the fdrt, Discover' 
nothing, and Returnd to the fort. 

June y« !••. 

The Corporal, with 3 men^ went on Scout^ and gave account of no 
discovery on their Return. 

2. Five men sent to Sam" Depues for subsistance, in the afternoon 
the fbrt allarm' by hearing several Guns fird, I immediately, with 3 
men, went to find out the Reason, & found it to be some who un- 
wittingly shot at fowie in the River. Oiir men all Return' safo 
about Sunsett. 

3. I sett of on my Journey for Philadelphia, about 4 O'Clock in 
the after noon, with 6 men as a Guarde, and came all safe to Fort 
Hambleton, and found every thing in good order there. 

4. At 8 O'*" in the morning Disdiplind the m:n;,and gave strict 

HBNNSYLVAMA ARCffiVBS 1757. i2fr' 

drders to Che Sergaat to keep tlie men Exact to theM duty, d^ alxAit 
4 C* afternoon I persned my Jonrney. 

5. I lay sick by the way -within five milds of Eaaton. 

6. Came to Easton and paid my Respects to Maj' Pearsons. 

T. Not withstanding the HI Sarcomstance of Body I ww in I pe^- 
flitted my Jortiey. 

8. Abont 4 in the afternoon I came to Philadelphia, and Ddlirei** 
die Express sent to Maj^ Persons, just as it was sent to him to hiff 
fion' the Governor, who Desii* me to wait on him at 12^ CK" tlie 
next Day. * , 

9: I waited on his Honour a^ was requested,, the answer f^m' 
H'. Pctters was that my Bosines shonld b^ done the next day at 9^ 
0** in the morning. 

10, 11 and 12. I waited, but it was not done aiooordlng to Expeo- 

13; About 3 0'« in the afternoon I left the Town. 

14. About two in th« afternoon I came to Easton, I directly paid' 
inj Respects to Maj* Persons, who told me that I shonld take i^ 
Sopply of Ammonicion, where upon I provided Backs and took 
1001b of powder, lOOib of Lead, and a 100 of Flints, and also 
Rec* a Goppy from his Honour, the Oovemors orders to Remove to^ 
ft>rt Hambleton, and left Easton about 6 0'* and went about fiv# 

15. Came safe to fort Hhmbleton with the AmmonicioU) about 6 
0'* afternoon, and found all things in good order. 

16. At Eight 0'' in the morning' Displ* the men and orderd'them 
all to^hoot at a mark at Armes End, and some of them did Exceed- 
ing well then ; taking a Scort of men with me I went to Fott' 
where we all arrived safe. I immediatly call' the men to Arms, and 
Ordred every one to get their Cloaths, and what ever they had, to- 
gether as quick as possible, and be Redy to march to fort Hiamble- 

17 and 18. Afltei' Bissoplining the men as usual, we made every 
AingHedy for our march. 

19. About 9 O'* in the morning we all march' from fort Hynd- 
shsw, with all the Baggage, and all arrived safe at fort Hambleton, 
and met with no opposition, and found all things in good order 

.20. At' Eight in the morning call' the men' under Artnes, and 
after Exerbissing the men, order* out Six men on' Samueb Dupueif 
Request, to Guard him in taking his wife to the Doct', at- Bethle- 
hem, who tarrid all night at s* Depues ; the same day I Went on! 
Scout with 4 men and one neighbour to git acquliinted with thd 
woods, as also to See if any Discovery could be made of the Enemy, 
but made no Discovery and Return' 'to the fort. 

21. At 8 O'* Exercis' the men, about 12 0'« the Gnardj with 8« 
Depue & wife, came to the fort } then order' a Guar* of ten men> 
who went of under the Care of a Corporal with s' Depue with or- 


den, that after they had Qaarded s' Bepae As &r ae waa needful, te. ' 
Garry ^a Message from me to the Mfg% at EastoOi and to Return ai 
soon as Dispatch could be made. « 

22. Exercia' the men that Remand at the fort as Usual ; nothing 
Eztreordinary hapned, so all kept the fort. 

23. In the morning, near Eleven O'**, the fort waa allann' by 
some of the neighbours who had made their escape from the Enemji 
five of them in Company near Brawdheads house, seeking their 
horses in order to go to mill, was fir^ upon by the Enemy, and said 
that one of them, JohA Tidd by name, was Kill'; where upon I 
immediately Draughted out 9 men, myself making the tents, in as 
private a manner as possible, and as privately went hack into the 
mountains in order to make a Discovery, giving Strict orders to 
those left to fire the wall peace to allarm us, if any attact should be 
attempted on the fort in my absence there, but Six men left at the 
fort, and coming in sight of s* house, on the back side Perceiv* a 
small smoke arise at s* House, then traviling about a Quarter of a 
mild in order to surround them, we heard four Guns, the first of 
which being much Louder than the rest. Expected the fort was at- 
tacted, where upon we Retreeted back about a Quarter of a mild, 
and hering no more Guns, my Councel was to go to the House, bat 
9iy pilot, who was well acquainted with the woodS; thought it best 
to place our selves in ambush, for they would come that way, he 
said ; and as we ascended the mountain in order to place our selves 
we saw the house in a blaze, and the pilot thought best to Retire a 
little nearer between the house and the fort, where we might have a 
better view, and in the Retreet we heard 14 Ouns fir' as Quick after 
each other aa one could count, then we plac' our selves in two Com- 
panics, the better to waylay them; the party that was nearest be- 
tween the house and'the fort soon saw 27 Endeavouring to git be^ 
twen them and the fort, £, with the other party saw 5 more oomeing 
on the other side, we found that we were discovr^ and like to be 
surrounded by a vast number, wherefore we all Retreted and got 
between them and the fort, then haulting they came in view. I 
then Galinged them to come, and fir^ at them, and altho at a Gonsi* 
derable distance, it was Generally thought one of them was 
kill% by ther Sqootting and making off, then we all Retir^ to the 
fort; Immediatly upon our Return, a Scout of 13 men from the 
Jarsey, who were in search of Edw^ Marshals wife, who was kiird 
some time ago, came to the fort, being brought there by seeing the 
smoke and hearing the Guns fir^, who all seem^ forward to go after 
them, where I, with my nine men, went out with them, but having 
got some distance out they would go to the house to see whether the 
8" man was kill<^. Being come, we found him KUl^ and Scalp**, his 
Body and face Cut in an inhuman manner, Cattle also lying dead on 
ike Ground, where upon they all went of and left me with my small 
number to take care of the Dead man ; whereupon, we took him up 


aod Befomed to the fort, in whioh time my men that went to Biuh 
^a Return^ to the fort. 

24. Att about nine in the morning, having made Tedy, I went 
with 18 men and bnried the man, then went from the grave in 
search and found 15 Oattle, Horses and hogs dead, besides two thai 
vas shot, one with 5 bulits, the other with one, and yet there are 
many missing, out of whioh the Enemy took, as we Judg, the value 
of two Beaves and almost one Swine*— in the Evening sent an Sz« 
pieas by two men to the Maj^. 

25. Disciplined the men, nothing^Extraordinary hapned, all Kepi 
the fort that night; the two men that went with the Express to 
Eastoii Retarnd in safety to the Fort. 

26. Early in the morning Eeo' the Maj" Letter, wherein he 
show' himself very nnesey that the men from Fort Norris had not 
Joynd me, and Desir* me to send to fort Norris to know the Rea- 
son; and thinking it might be oeasion' for want of Gariages to 
bring their Stores, Desir* me to indeavour to send a Wagon theatber, 
aoeordin^y, as I was indeavouring all I eould in complianoe of the 
Maj** D^re, about 3 0'°in the afternoon, Lieu^ Hyndshaw oame 
to the fort with [ten men from Gap^ Weatherhold, and Six from 
Fort Norris, showing his order from Gor*^ Weiser, for him to Gom« 
mand Fort Hamilton, and for me to abide with a small number of 
men at Fort Hyndshaw. 

27. At Eight in the morning oaU* my men nnder Armes as 
usual, and Draughted out Eleven men and^ sent them under the care 
of a Corp", with 8 neighbours, in search of some Cattle, whioh they 
feat' ware taken or Kill^ by the Enemy, at whioh time the Lieu^ 
undertook to talk with, me, and propos* to me that if I would Let 
him have Six out of the men I had with me, to Joyn the men he 
had from Gap^ Weatherhold, he would go to Fort Hyndshaw and 
stay there untill further orders, and Leave the Six men he broughi 
from fort Norris with me, which I could not Gomply with, as not 
being in my power, having mov' to Fort Hamilton by bis Honours, 
the Governors order, there to be reinforc' by a Detachment from 
Fort Norris, their to stay untill further orders, at whioh the Lieu^ 
went off with a Seij*, and a waiting man he brought w^ him from 
fort Augnston, and left the 16 men he brought under no bodies 
care; the Scout whioh went out all Return' safe to the fort, finding 
what they went in search of, all well. 

28. After Exercissing my men as Usual, I sent out a Scont of 12 
men under the care of Serj^, who traviled about Six milds out, and 
all Return' safe to the fort, making no Discovery. I being not fully 
satisfied on the ace* of the men Left with me, whome I could do no 
less to then feed and Give them their proper allowance of Rum, 
wherefore I wrote to the Maj', laying the Circumstance of the mat- 
ter as plain as possible before him. Desiring his advice what to do 
in the Case, the whioh I sent of in the Evening by the SeijS and 
one man with him. 

2fe5? PENNStLVANLi itaoArVES 1767.- 

- 2d. After Ezeroisdfag thd men' I seiit of Six men, tinder tlie Can 
of the Corporal, with Six of those men which the Lieu^ left, who' 
▼olotitArily #ent to ad^ist and* to Oiiard one Peter Snyder, in taking 
6f dome Cattle whome he had, fled of and Left some time ago, least 
liiey ^buld be l^ilH by the Enemy ; in the Night this SerjS w^ the 
ifiian that went w' him Reftnrn' safe from Easton, with a letter from the 
Maj% w'herain he advis' me to put the s' men Od daty which was 
left W* me, and where as he Expected Coi* Weiser to be hare in a 
few days, to keep the fort untill he eame, also DesiH me to Endea-^ 
▼onr to hasten Lien*. Engles march to fort Hiambleton. 

30. I jfnt the men left n^* me on dntv in the after noon, the men' 
that Guarded Peter Snyder allBetttrnd safe to the fbrt 

In the morning Cdl' my men' nndei' Armds, Draughted ontten 
men whom I sent under the Care of the SerjS^th nine of those 
men the Lien*. Left at the fort, whome I ordred' where and how far 
they fifhonid travil on Scout,- the which they perform* and Betum* 
about one, after noon. About one 0'«, after noon, the Lieu*, came 
past the fort, stoping at John McMaekillff, soon after Came to the 
fort and show* an Order from Cor^^ Weiser, that I should Resign the 
Command of Fort Hamilton to htm, upon which I Call' my men 
under armes, and as I was sending for the Lieu*, to Ghitre up the 
Command td liim; the Centnnal bearing musick, acquainted me with 
it ; I Expecting it was the Cor" coming, delaid untiil the Cor** eame, 
who weighing the Cutmmstatioes of things, continued me in pos- 
session of s* Fort 

A Trur Joubnal op all Transaotions in Captain John 
Van Ettbn's Company prom tbb second day of July. 

July ye 2d, 1767. 
At Eight in the morning the men called to armes, at wbich time 
tftie Cor*^ to6k a view of the men and their arms, and finding all ia 
good Order, after Giving Orders for the Regulation of the Company 
about 12 o'clock', the Coi^ with his attendance marchd off, -after 
which we all kept the fort. 

3. All Kept the Fort it being Sunday. 

4. After Disciplining the men a party of twelve men under the 
Command of a Serj* sent to Sam" Depues with a Team for Necesaty 
Subsistance, and all Retumd safe tothe fort in the evening acoordiog 
to orders. 

5. Very Rainy Weather unfit for Scouting or Exercise, all keept 
the fbrt. 

6. At Eight in the Morning calld the men to their Exercise, and 
Gave the men necosary Council how to behave according to the 


Orde» (Mtgii to me by the Cor*^, at wbiob Ume Gemplaint was 
made to me by some of the men that some of the Neigbboiird whieh 
Kesided in the fort ware Lonsey, by which means the whole Garrf« 
son would soon be in the same oondition. I then Orderd the Gorp" 
mih 8 men to asrist him to make a search, and found that one 
Benety Countryman and his family, and one John Hillman and his 
fiimily ware Lonsey, I oidred them ont of the fort to their own 
honse, it being but abont 8 or 9 Rods from the fort, then Imployd 
the men to Glean the fort wilhin Doors and without, which was 
icoordingly done, also sent out a scout of four men with 8 neighboura 
vbo Yokintarily went in hopes to find some Gattle they had missing 
to Return the same Day, which they did in the Evening all safe to 
the fort, making no DiscoYory of any Enemy. 

7. At Eight in the morning I oalld the men to their Exeroise, 
then Devided the men into two Guards, Each Ouarde to stand their 
Day, those that ware not on Guarde to be implead in Scouting, 
Gnarding the Neighbours and in things necessary to be done about 
the fort,. and gave strict orders to tho e that ware en guarde that 
they should not Leare their post nor go from the fort, and that 
Eiery Seatonal should behave well od his post^ about one o'clock 
after noon having ooasion to go to John McMickles, saw John Jougk 
Coming oat of Uie woods with hooppoUa on hie Sholder, who was 
one of the Guarde, Immediately the Gorp*^ came to sd house, I theft 
went home, and finding the Glass ran out I exemined the matter and 
foand that the Sentunal had stood his proper time out and ought to 
be Believ'd. I therefore ealld the next man on^ the List and see to 
his Relieff myself, the men that ware not on Guarde I imployd in 
banking up the Earth against the Stoekaders to prevent the watere 
Settling and runing into the well which I found to be the Ocasion 
that tl^ water was so bad in the well. 

8. At Eight in the morning Relievd Guard, after which I imployd 
the old Guard in clearing out the well. 

9. After Guard Relievd, a scout cff ten men with the Serj* wen* 
w^ some of the Neighbours to Mr. Broadhead's plaoe, who went on 
Necesary Busines and met with no opposition, and all Retnm'd sals 
to the fort. 

10. Sunday, a sQOUt of 6 men went to Sam>^ Depues on Necessfr 
Busines, on their Return said they heard a person whistle, whieb 
they sopposed to be an Indian, but see nothing, all Returnd#safe to» 
the fort 

11. After Guarde Relievd, The Serj< with the old Guarde ten 
men Sent out on Scout to travil South-EaM, and as for as to ReCuni' 
by night whioh was performd. Meeting no Opposition nor Discover- 
ing any Signs of the Enemy all returnd safe to the fort. 

12. At Eight in the morning ealld the men to their Exercise and 
Relievd Guarde, after whioh upon John McMiokels Impertunity 
ordre4 ten men as a Guarde, where he was Gutting his harvest 
some Distance from the fort) with whomo I went my Self and plaoed 


them to the beat advantage I could ordering nono to fire liBOim 
Except at an Enemy, and that 3 Guns should be an Allarni, th^ 
meeting no opposition all returned safe to the fort. 

13. After the men ezercisd and Guard Relievdy it was my intent 
to Guard John MoMickle as the Day before but his Sod in Law 
Coming from a Long Jorney or Voiage Detained him from Labonr, 
wherefore I then took the Old Guard consisting of ten men and 
three Neighbours, with whome I went on Soout Directing my course 
South about 5 miles from the fort, and from thence^west 2 miles, 
thence by Judgment northerly so as to come to the fort in which 
way we came by the Sepperates Meeting house, where we found the 
Enemy had liodgd not long since, they Leaving a Bed of Fern even 
in the pulpit, But meeting no opposition all returnd safe to the fort 

14. At Seven in the Morning oalld the men to their Ex^vise & 
Belie vd Guard, I then went with John McMickle and ten of my men as 
a Guard, to Guard said MacMickle and men Imployd at his harvest, 
posting five men a Small Distance from the field, which I tbought 
best to discover the Enemy if any Should attempt to fall upon the 
people at work, the other five I posted in the field, about 3 o'clock 
lifter noon I went w^ the Corporal Bound to the out^Sentanals as pri- 
vately as we could and found them all on their gnard. 

15. It being very Bainey unfit to be oat with arms we all kept 
the Fdrt. 

16. The Bain Continueing until near 12 o'clock I then went to 
John MacMickle aad.askd him wheather he was Beady to go to his 
harvest^ But I saw no preparation or Liclination for it, wherefore I 
went to the fort intending to go on scout with a part of the men 
after Dinner, but before we ware redy four men came to the fort 
with an order from Cor" Weiser, dated June 14th, 1757, the Con< 
tents ware as foUoweth, that he had Sent Orders to Lieu* Hyndshaw 
to attend the Treaty with the ten men of Cap^ WeatherhoHs Com- 
pany with him who ware then at Fort Hyndshaw, and Orderd me 
therefore without &il to send ten men from fort Hamilton to replace 
those Ordered away, where upon I immediately draughted out nine 
nen, the Corp" making the tenth whome I Sent off to the Lieu^ the 
same day, as soon as possably they could make them Selves Body 
which was in about half an hour after Receiving the Cor"« Orders, 
Under the Cair of the Corp" with Orders to the Lieu*, to station 
them as he thought fit, the which he posted at Sam" Depues. 

1 7. Sunday, seven of my small party of men left with me with 
four neighbours went on scout under the Command of the Serj% who 
Traviled South-westerly about six miles, then taking a Compass 
northerly all returned safe to the fort making no Discovery of any 
Enemy. ^< 

18. At eight in the morning I went with five men and guarded 
John MoMickle at his harvest, placing 3 Sentunals a small Dbtanoe 
from the field, and two in the field with the men at work, they 
meeting no Opposition all returned safe to the fort. 


19* Barly ia the moroiDg one Garrit Bradhetd tpolied to me ibr 
a goard, to which I told him I woald do for him wW Lay in mj 
pover with the few men I had, I then ordred five men oo^er thie 
Gair of the Serj^ & went my Self with one man to aeoompany me to 
the fort, and placed the Sentunals in the best manner I oonld for 
Safty, Leaviag orders with the Seij^ that fireing B gana abonid be an 
allarm, and then returned to the fort, and tended guard nnti' ye 
Second Double Sentury. 

20. Guarded sd Bradhead as the day before, and all leturad lafe 
to the fort. 

21. In Compliance with the Cor^ order early in the morning I 
Sent to Sam*^ Depues for the he 'had in keeping in order to send my 
message to the Cor" at Easton, who returnd with sd Mare safe in 
the Evening, ako 4 men Guarded John Drake at his harvest with 
orders to give an account of what hapnd, which was all was well, but 
as to their behaviour after their coming to the fort, I shall aequainl 
the Cor** of the matter. 

Got. Denny to y 1757.* 

Easton, 2l8t July, 1757. 

Mr. Barton comes Express, with an Application from the Inhabi-^ 
tants of York County, for a further Protection of their Frontier 
daring the Harvest. • They olFer to raise a Company of Fifty Men, 
if they may be allowed the same pay as the Provincial Troops. I 
strongly recommend this to your serious and immediate Considera- 
t^n, as that Gentleman waits only for an Answer, and is very much 
wanted at home. I am. 


Your most humble Serv*, 

W. D. 

CoPT OF Memorandums takbn ths Jult 23, 1757, at 


Capt> Chfist" Buss6 informed, that last Night, when He was in 
Company with Capf* Orndt, King Teedynscong, John Pumpshire & 
Moses Tatamy, & others, Indians, at the House of Adam Yoe, a 
Messenger was twice sent up Stairs to John Pumpshire, desiring him 
to Qome down, there being a Gent, below who wanted to see him. 
{ampshire did not go down,, and then a Gent., whose name CaptP 

* See Letter of the Commissioners, on p. 2d6. 


BwrnS does not know, oame up Stairs just into the Door. What lie 
Mid to the Indians is unknown to Oapt" Bnss^, but the Indians fol- 
lowed him, and in ab^ half an Hour the Indians returned to the same 
Plaee. And in the mean time Colonel Weiser o^me into the Room, 
Mid after some time Teedjasoung spoke to him by Pumpshire, and 
uade a pretty long Speech, The. Substance of which was, That He 
would have his own Clerk, and would by no means be led by tbe 
Nose ; Pumpshire at the same lading hand to his Nose & shaking it, 
and said that it was his Right to have a Clerk, as he was a King. 
And to the above Capt" Bus&6 is willing to be sworn. 


Capt* Jacob Omdt, above-named, declared the same as aforesaid, 
with the addition, -That the above-mentioned Gent, who came op 
Stairs to Pumpshire, was Israel Pemberton. He does not remember 
tho' of Pumpshire taking hold of & shaking his Nose. And to this 
He is willing to be sworn. 


CoMMiesioNBRS TO Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Easton, July 21-*, 1757. 

Wer have considered your Letter respecting fiie raising & paying 
a Company of Fifty Men for tbe protection of the Frontier In- 
habitants of York County during there Harvest, & are desirous that 
e9ery Thing may be done for them that can be consistent with the 
Law. Your Honour must be sensible it is not in our Power to pay 
more Men than the Law directs, and therefore we know of no Method 
of Relieving those Frontiers from their threatened Distress, but 
sending some of tbe Provincial Troops already raised, or to be raised, 
to their Assistance ; Or, if the Battalions are defective, & you should 
think proper to raise the Company proposed, we shall have no Ob- 
jection to paying them, provided this Company does not make the 
Number of tbe Provincials exceed 1400 Men. 
We are, Sir, 

Your Obed* humble Servanta, 

Wm. Ma8TIR£^ 

Jos. Ffox. 
Jos. Gallowat, 
Jon. Hughes, 


John Mivvlin. ^ 

To the Hon*>ir William Denny, Esq'. 


DIANS, 1757. 

Whereas oonstant Ezperieaod from the finrt Settlem* of ye IVo- 
Tioces, shows that je aelling or giving strong Liquors to je indiansi 
is attended with great Mischief and Inconveniencies ; And, notwith* 
standing je wise & good Laws provided against it, we still find upon 
every Indian Treaty, that many Persons at ye Places where such 
Treaties are held, as well Tavern-keepers and Betailers as private 
Persons, do presume in contempt of such Laws, to sell or indiscreetly 
give Rum & other strong Liquor^ to ye Indians, to the great Dis* 
tnrhanoe, Offence and Danger of the Inhahitants, and manifest Pre- 
judice & Hindrance of the Business to be transacted at such Treaties. 
Wherefore, for the preventing these Mischiefs and Disorders, more 
especially at this time» when so great a Number of the Indians are 
coQYened here & on this so important Occasion, I have thought fit, with 
the Advice of the Council, to issue this Proclamation, hereby in His 
Majest/s Name, strictly forbidding all Persons, those only excepted 
to whom ye care and Subsistence of the Indians are committed, upon 
any pretence whatsoever, to sell or give them any strong Beer, Uyder, 
Ram or other spirituous or atrong Liquors, on pain of being prose- 
cuted with the utmost rigour that mi^y be by Law ; And I do hereby 
earnestly reoommend it in a more especial manner to the Magistrates 
and all other Officers w^ose more immediate Duty it is, that they 
take all proper measures to detect and bring to condign Punishment 
all OSenders herein, and give all due Encouragement to Persons to 
discover and give Information against such Offenders ; And to take 
Care y* ye Moiety of yc Penalty of Twenty Potinds Forfeiture, by 
the fi^ Laws for each Offence, be recovered and paid to such la- 
formers; And in case of the Inability of the Offender to pay ye same 
upon their Conviction, y^ then ye Justices do give the informer or 
Prosecutor a Certificate or order upon ye Provincial Treasurer for ye 
Five Pounds, which, upon sight of such Certificate, he is by th^ s' 
Laws required to pay. And hereof all Persons concerned are to take 
Notice & not to fail in their Obedience, as they will answer ye con- 
trary at their Peril. 

Given under my Hand & ye G^ Seal of the s' Province at Easton 
this 22d day of July, in ye Thirty- first Year of ye reign of our 
Sovereign Lord George ye Second, King of G*. Britain, France 
& Ireland, &c., And in ye Year of Our Lord, 1757. 

By His Honour's Command, } 
E. P. Seo'r^ J 



Bj the Honourable William Denny, Esq', Lieutenant GovernoT and 
Commander-in-Chief of the Provinoe of Pennsilyania & Counties 
of Newoastle, Kent & Sussex, upon Delaware. 

To Eichard Hockley, Esq'^ Keeper of the Great Seal of the sud 
Province : 

These are to require you to affix the said Seal to my Proclamation 
of this date against Persons selling Rum and other strong liquors 
to the Indians oonvened at the Treaty now holden here; For which 
this shall be your Warrant 

Given under my Hand and the Lesser Seal, at Easton, the twenty- 
second day of July, Anno Domini, 1757. 


Petition of Inhabitants of Northampton County, 1767. 

Easton, July 25, 1757. 
To the Honourable William Denny, Esq**., Lieutenant Governor and 
Commander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, &e. 

The Petition of sundry Persons, formerly Inhabitants beyond the 
Mountains, humbly sheweth : 

That we, your Petitioners, having made Settlements beyond the 
Mountains, have been obliged to leave them ] that we last fall sowed 
some grain, which is now ^lly ripe and should be cut down, but for 
fear oi being way laid and murdered by our Enemies, we dare not 
go to reap it, and without it we and our families must be exposed to 
want and become a burthen to our Country. 

We therefore humblv pray that the Governor will be pleased to 
order us a guard of Soldiers to protect us, till we can reap and 
remove our grai^ to this Side the Mountains ; and your Petitioners 
as in duty bound shall ever pray. 


George C. M MsNiNOiBy 

Johannes Birdenbenber, 
E^Roa Hadlieb, 

Michael M Raupp, 

& others. 


Col. Stanwix to R. Pbtbes, 1757. 

Camp near Carlialei Jalj 25th, 1757. 
Dear Sir, 

I sball begin with giving you joy of our Kiug of Prusia's Victory, 
very, very interestiDg att his time, & I hope afore runner of wt good 
tidings we bo much wish for from Lord Loudoun, & I think no room 
to doubt of a Frontiet between him and Admiral Helbourn. God 
send 'em good Luck. 

In spite of Our Blood the Indians still do us Mischief, but the 
last Affairs do's realy proceed from both Obstanacy and Oarlesues, 
of w*"^ Col. Armstrong will give the Governor a particular Acco', as 
he has it from Shipensburg. 

Am at Work at my fetrenchm<% but as I send out such large & 
frequent partys, with other necessary dutys, can only spare about 
Seventy working men aday, & these have been very Often inter- 
rupted by frequent & Violent Gusts, so that we make but a small 
figure yet, & the first month was entirely taken up in clearing the 
ground, which was all full of Monstrous Stumps, ke. 

Have built a Hut in Camp, where the Capts & I live together, & 
as you have promised to come this way about August, shall be glad 
you would see how we make it out. Cockrcm says the rule at 
Whist is at present only Shillings, but that is to be changed into 
dollars when you and M'. Allen come here ; he & Capt. Stewart are 
both on the Scout for some days, the first towards Shipenberg, the 
latter towards the Susquehana, & am sorry all this won't do, but 
Bcolking Indians will hover about ns. AdleU; & believe me^ with 
the rest of our Gen*, 

D' Sir, 

Your most Obed*, 

humble Serv*, 


Directed. — Mr. Peters. < 

Coil. John Armstrong to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Carlisle, 25th, July, 1757. 
May it please Your Hon', 

For the Seeurity of the Inhabitants in the Harvest, I huve strenu- 
OQsly recommended the people's working together in partys as Large 
as posable, and have from Will*. Maxwel's, near the Temporary 
line, to John MoCormick's, near Sasquehanab, plac'd Out about 
Twenty Guards, altering and Changing the Station as well as the 
Namberof Each guard, according to the necessity and Conveiyency 


of tbe people. Where a Number of Women and Children happen 
to be in any Fort; the gaard Stays with them, by which Heana all 
the Men belonging to such Garrison are enabled to Labour ; but where 
Women and Children are not w*^ the party, then the Soldiers are 
Sfcation'd with the Reapers, keeping Centry around the field, wherebj 
some of the Sculking Enemy have been discover'd & repu^d j bat 
such is the iDfatuation of a Number of the people that they can't be 
prevairci on to convene in nroper partys for their Own Safety, in 
consequence whereof the following Melancholy accidents have hap- 
pcn'd ; please to Read the list. 

Colonel Stanwiz Sends Out his Picket Guards as Often as they 
appear to be of Service, and has two Out at this time; they are to 
Patrole for three days, and are alwais accompany'd by an Officer 
and as many Men from this Battalion as at the time can be Spar'd. 

Your Honour may remember that Sundry detachments from Colo*. 
Weiser's Battalion being here last Winter, and were fed on Our pro- 
visions, which together with unavoidable wastes, & what was actually 
rotten, has for some days past brought to an end all the Meat laid 
into those Garrisons by the Yictualers. Since I wrote jour Hon' 
last upon the Subject of Provisions, (and some person with Money 
in their hands being fi&'d to defray incidental expences,) Colonel 
Stanwix has Order'd Adam Hoops to Supply at this Town, and last 
Week, Learning from Fort Loudon that Twelve of their Men had 
the Flux, and not One pound of Meat in Garrison, and that Lvttle- 
ton had been Oblig'd to purchase their present Subsistence of Meat 
from a Country Man who lives at that Fort, I wa3 again Obliged to 
apply to Colonel Stanwix, without who's Order no person wou'd 
venture to Send any thing to those Forts^ Tbe Colonel Order'd 
M*". Hoops to Provide CatUe, Salt, Pork, and a little Rice for the 
Sick Men, which I immediately Sent off under the best escort we 
oou'd Collect, with Orders how to divide the provisions among the 

Docter Blair is returned from Loudon, and reports that only Six of 
the Men were bad of the disorder, that they are somewhat reoover'd, 
that 'tis very hard performing any Cure without Change of Diet 
Med'oines are left in tbe Care of Lieu^ Lyon, while the Surgeon at 
this Town attends a Soldier who was lately wounded by his Own 
Fuzee's going off by accident. 

The Surgeon complains, and requests me to write your Hon' that 
he is not paid the dayjy allowance for which he agreed with the 
Commissioners, viz., 78. L 6d. ^ day. I have Ordered him to write' 
the Commissioners. 

In Answer to M^ Groghan's, dated at Pbilad^, I write him the 
Indian Newa. 

I have made known the allowance of half a Pistole for each 
recruit, to serve three Years or during the War; the Old Arms shall 
be Collected to this place, and Sent down as soon as possible. As 
Hay,,. Oats, &o., continue on hand, I must give the people what 


assigUnee oan be Spar'di nntill I have your Horn* or Colo*. Stanwix'0 
Orders to Call them in. I hope the Next post will bring Orders for 
SappordDg the Men. 

I am Your Honour's Most Obed^ 
and Most Humb>« Serrant, 


Directed. — Governor Dennj. 

Col. Stanwh to Gov. Dbnny, 1757. 

Gamp near Carlisle; July 25thy 1757. 
Dear Sir, 

As Col. Armstrong will giye yon a particular ac^ of the Misfor- 
tune of some obstinate People, who were thro' that and their care- 
lessnes surpriz'd and Murther^d by the Indians towards Shippens- 
berg, at their Harvest ; I shall add nothing to this relation. I have 
had two Captains Piquets out this three days, one soowring the 
Country up as far as Sbippensberg, the other up as far as the 8us- 
qaehana, but expect them both in to-morrow or next day. Col. Arm- 
strong has 80 few men here that I oould only get six of them to 
each Piquet, by way of Quides at present, they being much better 
aoquaint'd with this Portion of Wood ; wish you joy of the good 
news of the King of Prusia's Complete Victory, which must be 
Very interesting at this Critical time. 

Here trouble you with some lone letters from M'. Atkins, as they 
appear to me to be a Systim of Indian Afiieiirs, & 1 Teaij tlunk well 
wrote, possibly you may think worth your perusal & Copying, w*^ 
last I haye neither leasure or Clark to do, & if you do, please after- 
wards to return me by the post, who am, 
D' Sir, 

Your most Obd% 
humble Scrv*^ 

Directed. — ^Gov. Denny. 

Vol. IIL— 11 



Alterations m the Return of the TJnited Brethesh 
RESIDING IN Bethlehem,'*' 1757* 

Behlehem; Jolj 26th, 1757. 
Alterations in the Betum of the United Brethren resUing in 
Bethlehem 0inoe it was delivered to the Constable in ! 

Married Men in Bethlehem. 

Frederick Schl2igel, 

Removed into Tork County, 

Bernard Miller, 

Departed this Life, 

George Pitsohman, 

' Remoyed into Lancaster County, 

William Thorne, 

Do to Philadelphia, 

Jacob Till, 

Do }hto Lancaster County, 

Joaohim Sensematti . 

Do into York Government, 

John Brandmiller, 

Do Lancaster County, 

Paul Dan* Bryselius, 

Do Lower Counties, 

Andreas Schaat, 

Gone to Emsland. 

John Jordo; from Christian's Bmn, Removed into Lancaster county 

Single Men in Bethlehem. 

Nath> Seidel, 

Gone to Europe, 

Christian Wetsed, 

Departed this Life, 

Jacob Heidecker, 


Charles Frederick; 

Gone to North Carolina, 

Gottfried Bessler, 

Removed to York County, 

Benjamin Garrisson, 

Do into York Government. 

Andreas Holder, 

John Garrison, 
Christian Christiaason, 

Do into Lancaster County. 

David EuntS; 

Jost Jansen, 

(JoBe to E«rope. 

George Meisser,. 


John Schweisshaupt, \ 


Rich* Popplewell, 
Samuel Johannes. 



Philip Wesa, 


John Henry Merk, 


Abraham Steiner, 


Martin Hirt, 


Jacob Rublci 


Single Men in ChriiHan^B Brun. 

Gkorge Huber, ' Married, 

John^ Michael Pitsman^ Removed to North^ Carolina, ' 

Clans KoUeUi Do into Lancaster County. 

* See CeL Reo., Vol. VIL, p. 868, and Arohives, Tol. lU.. p. 70, fte. 


The Widow Bendiet, dnee the kal Tax, has sold ber hro five 
hundnd acre Tracts of Land, adjoining Bethlehem, to the Brethren 
for a £1000, and has taken a Mortgage on the same for the whole Gon- 
sidemtion Monej, they paying her yearly 6 ^ oent. Interest, &o., as 
may he seen in the Publiok Reoords. This the Brethren were in- 
dnoed io do that they might have a convenient Plaoe^ near Bethle- 
hem, to place the Indians npon next jSpring. 

In these Times of Trouble and Danger, being become the Fron- 
tier, the Brethren, for the Defence of themselves and neighbonrs, 
have, nnder the wvemor's Commission for that Purpose, established 
Military Watches in all their Places, and been at a very great Ez- 
penoe in providing themselves with Arms and Ammunition, and in 
strengthening and securing all their Houses and Plantations against 
any sudden Attack and Surprise from the Enemy. 

In Bethlehem there are 5 Persons, namely 2 Married, and 3 Single- 
men constantly kept as a Night Watch, and thereby 
rendered wholly unfit for any Labour in the. Day 

Besides the above there are 44 Singlemen and 25 
married, who have Arms, and ate always ready by 
night or Day in case of any Alarm. 
In Nazareth there are 3 Persons who are kept as a constant Night 
Watch, Beudes whom all the Inhabitants, mentioned 
in the Return, except, 7 Persons, are provided with 
Arms and Ammunition, and are always in Readiness 
for the Defence of themselves and neighbours. 
In Gnadenthal there are 2 People employed as a Night Watch. 

All the Inhabitants, except 5, have Arms and are 
kept in Readiness as aforesaid. 
In Christian's Brun^ there is 1 Singleman kept as a Night Watch, 
and 18 of the Singlemen have Arms as afore- 
said, and frequently go out with some of the 
Indians, who are paid for that Purpose, in 
ranging Parties, for several miles round the 
neighbourhood and in the Barrens, to see that 
no Indians are lurking about, if possible to pre- 
vent their coming upon them by Siirprise. 
In Friedensthal-Mill, They have all Arms, are constantly on their 
Guard and Wateh by Turns. 

Besides the above, the Brethren, for the Summer Season, have for 
the most Part thirteen of their Indians in Pay, whose Business it is 
with seme of the white Brethren to range from Place to Place and 
bea Ouard to their People in their Harvest and other work, where 
th^ might otherwise be exposed to the Incursions of the Enemy. 

Now, considering the above and the present helpless and exposed 
condition our poor Country has been and still is in, it may with 
modesty and Justice be sajd^ that it is owing, in great measure, to 

OnB wre and pradeat OfarcwaspedtioB <tf ibe Brethi^o, tluil the 
whole Vott hiui not loag ngo l|)een over ran by the Zndians; tud 
therefore it k presuoied a BeUxation of Tax {Hroportioaed to the 
Trouble and great Ezpenoe they ha?e been at,^contrarj to 
.the Sense of the Law, which ezpreasly direete the nakisgNJlUDir- 
j^QCes in extroordinary Gor«M. 

Added to this, the extraordinary Exsenoe the Brethren are aad 
jnost •still be at^ in maintainiog %h» lodiaas, who fled to then from 
Gnaden-Hutten (now wholly thrown npon their Hands and kft un- 
provided for by the Qoverament) for whose Sabeistaiioe ahme, this 
.year, thev ha?e been obliged to let them have upwards of 50 Aeiea 
.of their best Land, (oleared and fenced for them at the Bflethrea's 
own Expence) to plant their Indian Com, &e. Moreover the fiel- 
BOSS of the* Times and almost total Stagnation of Business, an 
Hardships^ which constrain the Brethren to declare, that they fiod 
themselves utterly unable to bear the Weight of the Tax as they 
have hitherto been rated, and therefore humbly beg the Hon'ble, 
the Oommissioners and Assessors, will please to consider them ae- 
cordingly, in laying the Tax not yet raised. 

Alterations since the 26*'' July, vi^ : 

Christian Thomas Bentzien, departed this Life, 

John Valentine Hide, gone to New York, 

Paul Dan^ Bryeslius, returned from the Lower Counties, 

cilSii^k,^**'™"''} Singlemen, returned from N. Carolina. 

Bethlehem; August 22\ 1757. 

Certificate of D. Broadhead & Ed. Biddlb, 1757. 

Eaayton, July 27, 1757. 

We do hereby certify that We heard Wiilian Marshall say the 
following Words, or Words to the same Efiect, \i^ :— Thai the 
Proprietors had wrong'd the Indians out of their Lands ; and that 
.He would prove it^ k that in that. respect he abided by the Indiiins. 



Jambs Read to R. Peters, 175T. 

I iuiT0 seat herewith a Letter from GoU. Stanwix. The Rev. Mr. 
Barton, who did me the pleasure to oall opon me last Sonday, in* 
jformed me yon woro at Eaaton. 

Mr* Bart0D wae certainly in great Danger on hia Journey from na 
to Linoaater; Vor an Indian was seen the very day he left ns, okaa 
hy the Road he must go, a littie beyond Sinking Spring. 

The Bearer will take Gare to deliver me any Letter yon may direol 
te Carlisle, and Fll deliver it to the Poet, who will pass through tliia 
Town next Saturday Morning. 

I soppoae the Gommiaeioners will pay the Messenger; For I think 
it bird to be oblig'd to be in Advanoe when so litUe money is 
oomiag in. I owe thirty-five Shillings to the Estate of one Joseph 
Etsbb, who rode Express from this Town last November, with a 
Letter from His Honour the Qovemour to Colonel Armstrong. It 
was very cheap, if the common Pay of Express Riders be considered. 
Evans rode it in a remarkably short Time, upon being told the Oooa- 
Bioa was urgent. 

I am. Sir, 

with great Esteem, 

Your obliged humble Serv*. 

Beading, July 27, 1757. 

DirecUd. * 

To Richard Peters, Esquire, 

Secretary of Pennsylvania, 

at Easton. 

James Read to Gov, Denft, 1757. 


The Poet having informed me that L« Golonel Armstrong desired 
his Letter to your Honour should be dispatoh'd from this Town to 
Easton, I have sent the Bearer, John Smith, with it, with whom I 
have agreed for Thirty Shillings the Journey. 

I dm not send Colonel Stanwix's Letter to your Honour, as I 
know not but you may have directed some (Gentlemen of the Gouncil 
at Philadelphia to receive and open -what comes from him on the 
Pabliok Service; Bat I have^ventured to send the Goloners Letter 
to the Secretary to Easton. 

If your Honour has Occasion to write to Carlisle; the Messengec 


being dispatoh'd early enoagh to reach this Place bj Satarda j Mom- 
ing at ten o'cldck, I can forward the Letter by the Post, who will 
be here; In hia way td Carlisle at that very Hour. 

It is with great Uneasiness I must inform your Hononr that the 
Day before yesterday foar White Men took away, from a Plantation 

in Bern Township, about thirteen Miles from this Town, one 

Good, (I think that is the Surname,) a Lad about Sixteen years old, 
and oarry'd him to four Indians about Eight Miles from the Place 
where he was taken. The White Men and Indians got all very 
drunk, and the Lad happily made his Escape in the Night. Of his. 
being taken I heard the Evening it happen'd ; Of the Res^J was 
informed by Bobert Smith, a Sergeant who came yesterday from 
Fort William, and on his Road was told it by one Peter Rodermel, 
a Farmer of very good Credit, who had seen and conversed with ^e 
Lad. Monday, in the Afternoon, an Indian was seen near Sinking 
Spring, five Miles from the Town, by Peter Rood, a Person of as 
good Credit as is in the County. Some of the Inhabitants went 
immediately in Pursuit of the Indian, but returned without havings 
overtaken him. 

I have taken Care, ever sinee the 9th of this Month, to keep a 
Patrol of Ten of the Inhabitants every Night about this Town ; And, 
as our People are very uneasy upon hearing that White Men are 
among the Indians, we purpose to have a Guard to Niebt of Twenty- 
One } seven at either End of the Town and seven in the Centre, who 
will keep out a Patrol all Night. In this Service I am ohearfully 
assisted by Mr. Seely and Mr. Biddle. We hope our very dangerous 
Condition will be considered, and some Measures will be taken for 
our Security. We are very fully persuaded of your Ht>nour's great 
Solicitude for the Safety and Happiness of the whole Province, no 
Part of which, we are well assured, will be'Ieft unprotected, if it is 
in your Honour's Power to give us Protection. I am sorry to have 
occasion to assure you. Sir, that if our Defence be committed to the 
Soldiers now in these Parts, our People will be still as uneasy as 
they are now. I shall not at present assign the Reasons, as I should 
detain the Express too long, if I should do it; But, when I wait 
upon your Honour, as I purpose to do, if possible, some time next 
Week, I shall acquaint you with the principal Grounds of their Ob- 
jection to such a Protection, if it would be any. 
I am, 

May it please your Honour, 
Your Honour's 

most obedient & 

most humble Serv*. 


Reading, July 27th, 1757. 

P. S.— I shall take Care to get the Affidavits of Petor Rood and 
the Lad ; and, if your Honour shou'd think proper to send over one 
of the Soldiers^ or other Messenger, to receive those Affidavits^ I 


have tbem ready by Saturday Evening, and will send tliem, with 
Boch other Advices as I may have received before he goes from 
To The Honw« Governor Denny, Esq'. 

John ML Otto to Timothy Horspibi.d, 1767. 

Bethlehem, 27th July, 1757. 
Mr. Horsfield, Sir, 

I yesterday attended Wm. Tatamy twice ; His Wound looks well, 
18 without inflammation, & discharges its Pas regularly. The 
swelling is also gone. To Day he tum'd himself alone, which he 
has not been able to do before. So that I believe, with good nursing 
& attendance, if nothing unforseen happen, he may, by God's Help 
recover. The violent Pain he complains of, at times, I apprehend 
proceeds from some of the Bones in his Groin being shot thro', or at 
least the tendinose Parts being much lacerated, i ou may depend 
upon it» I shall do all in my Power to perfect a Cure. 
I am, Sir, 

Your most humble ServS 

To Timothty Horsfield, Esq% 

at Bethlehem. 

GuoRGE Croghan TO Gov. Dbnnt,' 1757. 

Easton, July 30th, 1757. 

Agreeably to your desire to me in your Letter of yesterday, I have 
this Morning called a Meeting of Tedyuscung, and Eight of his 
Council, with his Interpreter, and desired he would consult them, 
and explain the Speeches he made your Honour two days ago, which 
explanation you have inclosed, with the Agreement I proposed to 
him about Fort Augusta and his answer. 
I am 
, Tour Honour's 

most Obedient, humble Servant, 

To the Honourable William Denny, Esq'. 

Governor of (be Province of Pennsylvania. 

* See page 209, 261. 


George CaoGHAir to Gov. DBNiinr,.1757. 

Jdy 30th, 1757. 

Agreeable to your desire t called a Meeting of Indians at balf 
after 9 o'Clock this Morning, Kin^ Teedyusoung with Tepiscahunck, 
Essoweyowallund, Penawaghwolhnd, Lapaghpetand, Kuklamaka, 
Tangekapawey, Weneywakika, his Oonnaellors, and J. Pdmshire, 
his Interpreter, came to me and explained the Speeches he made to 
your honour the day before Yesterday, in the Manner following: : 

The Complaints I made last fall, I yet continae. I think Some . 
Lands hare been bought by the Proprietor or his Agents from 
Indians who had not a right to Sell, and to whom the Lands did 
liot belong. I think also when some lands haye been sold to the 
Proprietor by Indians, who had a right to sell to a eertain place, 
whether that purchase was to be measured by miles or hour^s walk, 
that the Proprietaries have contrary to agreement or Bargain taken 
* in more Lands than they ought to have donC) and Lands that be- 
lon^d to others. I therefore now desire that yon will produce the 
writings and Deeds by which you hold the Land, and let them be 
read in publick and examined, that it may be fully known from what 
Indians you have bought the Lands you hold, and how far your pur- 
chases extend, that copies of the whole may be laid before King 
George, and published to all the Provinces under* his GoTemmeiit. 
What is fairly bought and paid for, I make no further demands 
about. But if any Lands have been bought of Indians to whom 
these Lands did not belong, and who had no right to sell them, I 
expect a Satisfaction for these Lands. And u the Proprietaries 
have taken in more Lands than they bought of true' Owners, I 
expect likewise to be paid for that. But as the Persons to whom 
the Proprietaries may have sold these Lands, which of right belong 
to me, have made some Settlements, I don't want to disturb them 
or to force them to leave them, but I expect a full Satisfaction shall 
be made to the true Owners for these Lands, tho' the Proprietaries 
as I said before might have bought them from Persons that had no 
right to sell them. 

With respect to our Settlement We intend to settle at Wyoming, 
and we want to have certain boundaries fixed between you and us, 
and a certain tract of Lands fixed which it shall not be lawful for 
ua or our Children ever to sell, nor for you or anv of our Children 
ever to buy. We would have the Boundaries fixed all around agree- 
able to ye draught we give you, that we may not be pressed on any 
side, but have a certain Country fixed for our use and the use of our 
Children for ever. 

And as we intend to make a Settlement at Wyoming, & to build 
different houses from what we have done heretofore, such as maj 
last not only for a little time, but for our Children ^ter us; We 


desife yon will asnirt na in maling our SetdementB; wbi send ntf 
persons to instruct os in building faoases & in making snoh neoeasa- 
ries as shall be needful ; and that persons be sent to instruct us in 
the Christian Beligion whieh may be for our future welfare, and te 
jDStraet our Children in reading and writings and that a fair trade 
be established, between us. And such persons appointed to conduol 
k manage these Affairs as shall be agreeable to us. 

I then asked him, as Fort Augusta was within the Lands he de- 
nied to be assigned to them, whether he would acknowledge thai 
Fortress to belong to the King of Great ^tain foi^ the use of hie 
Subjcets in Pennsylyania, & all his other Subjects, & whether he 
woidd not be willing it should continue as a trading house, not only 
for the eood of us ye English & the Nations he represents, but of 
ill the Nations that now are or may be hereafter in alliance with us. 
And whether he will not engage in cotjunction with ye English to 
defend it against any of his Majesty's Enemies yt may come a^^ it 
To which the King in behalf of the Nations he represents, replied^ 
that he agrees tfilat that Fort shall belong to the English, that it 
shall continue as a trading house, and he and his people in conjnno* 
tion with their Brethren the English, engage to defend it against 
any of his Britannic Majesty's Enemies that shall come to attack it 
I am Y' Honour's Most 

Humble Servant^ 


Directed, — ^To Governor Denny. 


Northampton County, ss. 

Personally came before me, Benjamin Shoemaker ft John Vnkef 
Who on their Oaths according to Law Doth declare and say, that on 
the Conclusion of the last conference with the Indians att the Booth 
on Thursday Evening last, they staid to see the Indians out of the 
Booth, that their desire of knowing how things att the Gonference 
went they kept near to Tediescunk, the Indian Chief; And the said 
John Drake Doth declare, that while he was by the s* Tediescunk, 
and immediately after the Treaty was as above finished, that a Gen- 
tleman whome he Uikes to be M'. Israel Pemberton, oome up to the 
8* Tediescunk ft abraided him with being drunk and unfitt for Busie- 
ness, ft told him if he did not behave better I will go home to-Mor-^ 
row and many more and leave you. On which Tediescunck told him 
if Ton can't wait who came so short a distance, I am content ft will 
letam too leaving things as they now are, (or Words to that purport) 

* See page 254, 268, 264. 


Md that another (Gentleman immediately following M'. Pemberton^ 
(as he takes him the man who preached last on Testerdaj,) nsed 
mnoh the same language; and this Deponent further declares, that 
att this Oonversasion Tediescunk seemed to be much disatisfjed A 
went down to his Lodgings att M'. Vernon's^ that immediately after 
he see some person^ to him unknown, come & call Tediescunk away 
as on busieness, & that some little time after this Deponant did seo 
Tediescunk & a Man, whome he took to be Pemberton, in the path 
talking as he believes to him; And the said Benj*. Shoemakw Doth 
declare that Jt>hn Drake was near to Tediescunk when M'. Israel 
Pemberton Did Gome up^to him, & that seeing him he drew near in 
expectation of hearing something relateing to the treaty, that as 
he drew near he heard M\ Pemberton, as ap* very warm & say, 
you Were drunk k unfitt for busieness, & that unless he beheaved 
better he would go home & many more with him, & that he heard 
another Gentleman Whome he takes to be the Man that preaefaed 
last on Yesterday Morning, (& takes him by name to be John Hunt,) 
say to the B^ Tediescuuk, much to the same purport, and that he 
made to them much the same Answer as is above declared by John 
Drake, and that att the time of Doing itt he seemed much dissatis- 
fyed with their Conduct, and came down to M'. Vernon's; that ha 
had not been there long before a Messenger came to him & callefi 
him away, ft that soon After he see M'. Israel Pemberton & Tedies- 
cunk walking in a path together, and going from Vernon's talking 
very olosei, or seemed so to be, which this deponant can't say the 
Conversation, as he was in another path Bome distance from them ; 
And the John Drake & benjamin Shoemaker, Do Both severaly de- 
clare they heard M*". Pemberton (meaniug Israel) tell the Interpreter 
Pumpcheir to ask Tediescunk to come to his (Pemb^rton's) Lodg- 
ings, which as ithey understood he did, but that he chose to so first 
to Vernon's were he lodged, & as is before exprest, was called by 
some person or persons to them unknown immediataly away; And 
these iUeponants further say not. 
Witf our hands this Saturd^Ti Jaly 80, 1757. 


Sworn, before me, the Day & Tear above, • 


* See deposition before Gov. Denny, on page 263, 264. 


Eey'd John Elder to K Peters, 1757. 

Paxton, 30th July, 1757. 

Ab we of thifl Township have Petition'd the Gov', for % removal 
of the Garrifloii from Halifax to Hanter'a, I bea the favour of yon 
to 086 your interest with hia Hon' on our behaff. The Defenoe of 
Halifax is of no advantage, hut a Garrison at Hunter's, under the 
Command of an active (%&oer, will be of great Service ; it will ren* 
der the carriage of Provisions & Ammunition for the use of Augusta 
more easy & less expensive, and by encouraging the Inhabitants tp 
eoDtinae in their Places, will prevent the weakening of the frontier 
Settlements ; we have only hinted at these things in the Petition, 
which you'll please to enlarge on in Conversation with the Gov'., & 
Drge in Such a manner as you think proper. It's well known that 
Representations from the back Inhabitants have but little^ weight 
with the Gentian" in power, they looking on us either as uncapable 
of forming just notions of things, or as biass'd by Selfish Views ; 
however, Tm Satiafy'd that you, Sir, have more favourable concep* 
tioDB of us ; and tha^ from the knowledge you have of the Situation 
of the Places mention'd in our Petition, you'll readily agree with usp 
& use your best Offices with the Gov', to prevail with him to grani 
it; and you'll very much oblige, 

y most obed* 

& hu« Ser* 


Directed,— To Richard Peters, Esq'., in Phikd*. 

Dr, JKo. M. Otto* to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Betihiehem, 81st Jul., 1757. 
May it please your Honour, 

By the Letter I sent last Thursday, the 28th* Jul., I gave your 
Honour an Account how it was with W*. Tatamy, & the Circum- 
stances of his Wound that Morning. The ssme Evening I found 
biffl in great Pains, the Wound did not look so well as l^fore, and 
discharg'd very little of its Pus, & thai mixt with Blood, and he 
hftd a very bad Night. 

Jul. 2&h. In the Morning came nothing from the Wound but 
a little Blood, mix'd with Water. In the Evening he felt some 
Saae from his great Pains, but was Weaker than ever before, and 

* See page 209, 247. 


his Puis WM very low, in which Circamstonces D'. Moore has seea 
him, who promisM me to aoquaint your Hon<mr therewith. In tbe 
Night thereapon he slept pretty maoh, hat mostly out of Weaknen. 
Testerday he coutinued to sleep now & then, & his Puis was some- 
thing hetteir; be slept also last Night better than before. 

This Morning, it being Sunday, Jul. Slst, I openM his TMgh <m 
the lower part, where for several Days I had obserr'd a gathering, 
ft the opening discharged half a pint of eztravasated Blood, with 
some stinking Matter. As soon as I had made the Incision, th« 
Indian said he did feel himself much eased, and I hope it will hafs 
a good Effect. His Hand & Feet who have been almost oonthiualy 
eold, I have found to-day in a natural Warmth. 

I shall further aoquaint your Honour how I find him from Bay 
to Day. 

I am, 

Your Honour's 

Most obedient humble Servant^ 


P. S. — Aug. 1st. As the Messenger by whom I intended to 
send this Letter was stopt yesterday by the Indians who were to go 
with him, I can acquaint your Honour that a piece of Tendon, near 
2 Inches long, came out of the Incision I have made last Night, 
and this Morning the Wound where the Ballet has enter'd, dis- 
charged a piece of the Bone, and I suspect some more. 


To tbe Honourable W". Denny, Esq'., Governor of the Province 
of Pensilvania, ftc, at East-Town. 

Monthly Journal for July, per Jacob Morgan, 1757. 

July the 1'^ Sent a Corporall with II men on a Scout to Glinga- 
man Hansabonghs, at Allemingle, who staid all Night, ft sent Seg^ 
Mathews with severall men to Reading, to be Qualifyed ft be sup- 
plied with necessaries. 

2*. The^Scout return^ from Allemingle, and reported they had 
made no disoorery of the Enemy. 

8<^. Sent a party to range to Alletningle, same da.y came a Soont 
firom Northkilln Fort, ft retura'd again the same d!sy, bringing no 

4^. Our men returned from Allemingle, and reported, that some 
of the inhabitants that were afraid, near the mountain, were remov- 
ing downwards ; Seij* Matthews retumd with the men from Read* 
ing, the rest guarding at tbe Fort. 


5^, 6^, 7*^. Was exeeediDg heavy run, k the waton very high. 

8*\ Bdng a day of finmiliatioB we app*^* our aelvee thereto. 

9<^. Bainy weather, we oould not Seoul 

10^. I Bent out a party to range to AUemingle ; this Day Soijf* 
Matthews retnm'd from Colonel Weiaers, with orders tot me to ata- 
tioD 10 men in Windeor Township, & to keep 10 men in readiness to 
go to Easton. 

11^. Hie Soont retam'd baek, I prepared the men in readiness 
aecordiDg to orders, & sent some men to goard the Farmers in their 

I2f^. -J went with the 10 men to Windsor Township & stationd 
them there, where I found the most proper, In the Evening was 
very heavy rain & thnoder, oblidged me to stay all night; we sent 
some partys from the Fort to goard the fiirmera. 

13^. I retornd in the morning to the fort, & reoeived a Letter 
from Lien*. Colonel Weiser, to send 10 men to Easton to Guard at 
the Treaty ; partys went to Onard the Fartnera, & this Day, in my 
fetnm, I met the Scout whidi I had posted in Windsor township, 
ranging about the farmers houses. 

14^. I sent Seij« Matthews with 9 men to Easton to the Treaty 
to Gnatd, ft sent out some partys to range and Guard the Farmers, 
who did xetam in the Evening by reason of the heavy rain and 
thunder, which fell in tfie Evening. 

16<^. Being all Day very heavy rain, b the Creeks so high that 
SchuylkiU rose perpendicular fifteen feet in about nine hoars time^ 
being considerable higher than ever was known in these parts | the 
Gaanb eonld not return, and we remained in the Fort ^with only 8 
men to Goard. 

16^. The rain continued but more moderate, our partvs could 
not return, we staid in the Fort and Guarded as usual ; the party 
rangiog up Long Run among the vacant houses, they found old 
tracts but none new. 

17*^. ^Some of our Guards retumd, being relieved by others in 
their lieu — the Creeks fell very much this Day. 

18^. I sent a party to Guard the farmers at their Harvest, and 
left some at the neighbouring houses, the rest on Guard at the 

19^. I likewise sent a party to guard who returned in the Even- 
ing, the residue guarding at the Fort. 

20^. I sent out two 'partys to range and Guard the Farmers, who 
both returned in the Evening. 

21*<. I likewise sent out a party to Guard, we were advertised by 
Jacob Shefer that an Indian was seen near his house, we having 2 
men guarding there they saw nothing of their tracts, & believe it^ 
was a mistake. 

22*. gent out a party to range to the Fort, at Northkill, with 
Ensign Harry for Ammunition, who staid all night, the rest guard- 
ing at the Fort and farmers. 


23'. The party from North Kill retara'd with a Commnid of 
GoP Weiaen men, with Lieut Weiser himself, who staid here all 
Night; sent out a party to Guard the Farmen, who letum^d in the 
Bvening to the Fort. 

24^. lien^ Weieer retumM with hie Company, sent a party of 
ten men to relieve the party in Windaor townah^ ; the reat on 

25*''. The party retumM from Windaor townahip to the fort, when 
a party of them enlisted for three years. 

26*^. Sent Serg< Bobert Smith with a Company of men to Read* 
iB|^ to be Qualifjf ed, and being but a few at the f<vt oould not range } 
have two Commands at the Farmers. 

27^. I went doi^n to Windsor among the men to see whether they 
kept good orders ; I found every thing very well, and enlisted naore 
men and staid there all Night, the Command remaining at the far- 

28^. I letumd baok to the fort and found every thing vrell ; 
Seij* Bobert Smith, with his party, retnmd frgm Reading, the Gmard 
remaining still with the farmers. 

29*^. Ensign Harry went out with a party to range among the 
farmera, and sent out two partys to Guard the Neighbours at their 
Harvest; they retum'd without any discovery or sigQs of the 

80*^. I went over the Hill to Windaor township, in order to send 
some men to Beadiug to be Qualified, I sent a Corporal! with Six* 
teen men ; I retum'd in the Eveniog to the fort 

31*^ The party retum'd from fading; we had partya at the 
neighbouring houses, who remain'd there on Guard. 

Pepositiok ot/B. Shoemaker and J. Drake, 175T. 

On the second day of August, Anno Domini, One Thousand Seven 
Hundred and Fifty Seven, appieared John Drake and Benjamin Shoe- 
makety 5o£/i of the County of Northampton, Yeomen, &nd severally 
make Oath on the Holy Evangelists, as follows : And first, b<ah the 
B* Depon*' say that on Thursday last, the twenty eighth day of July, 
in the Afternoon, they attended at the Booth, in Easton, to hear 
the Conference then held between tbe Governor, with the King's 
Deputy Aeent, M'. Croghan, and Teedyuscung, the Indian Chief, 
with several other Indians, and at the Close of the Cooference these 
Depon^, intending to stay till all was over,[and being desirous to see 
the Indians out of the Booth they kept near Teedyuscung, and, im- 
mediately upon his coming out of the Booth they observed two 
Persons coming towards him, who these Depon*' then believed, and 
are since satisfied were Israel Pemberton, of the City of Philadel- 
phia, Merchant, and of Joseph Galloway, of the said City, Esq*-. 
And the said John Drake saith that the s* M^ Pemberton, on his 


oomiDg up to the s*- TeedyiuoiiDg, did, Id an hasty and seemingly 
angry manner upbraid him with being drunk and unfit for Buai- 
neu, and tfareatned him that if he did not behave better, he, the 8*. 
M^ Pemberton, would^go Home the next Day, with ('as he believed) 
many more Friends, and leave him, or Woids to tnat Effeot : To 
wiiich the s* TeedyoBonng, by his Interpreter, Pompshire, answered, 
that if you, who come so short a way, cannot wait, I will return 
too, leaving Things as they now are, (or Words to that Effeot.) And 
Ibrther, that the s* Jos. Galloway, coming up to the s* Teedym- 
cnng, directly after the s* M'. Pemberton, did in the like manner, 
and almost in the same language, upbraid the s* Teedynscung with 
king drunk and unfit for Business, and threatned also, that if he 
did not behave better he would go away and leave him ; And the a* 
Benjamin Shoemaker saith, that he was not near enough to M'. 
Pemberton, to hear distinctly the Beginning of what he said to 
Teedynscung, but drawing nearer heard the latter Part thereof, to 
wit, that if he, meaning the s"^ Teedynscung, did not behave better, 
be and several other Friends would return Home and leave him, 
and that he heard the said Teedynscung, by his s* Interpreter, make 
bim the same answer as above expressed ; and saith that he, this 
Deponent, also distinctly heard the said Jos Galloway upbraid the 
8* Teedynscung with being drunk and unfit for Business, and also 
say to him that if he did not behave better, he would go away and 
leave him ; And both the said Deponents further say, that there* 
npon the said Teedynscung appearing to be much displeased with 
what the said M'. Pemberton and M'. Galloway had said to him, 
went down immediately to his Lodgings, at Vernon's, a Tavern /in 
Easton ; And these Deponents further say, that their Curiosity be- 
ing raised by the odd & extraordinary Behaviour and Conversation 
which they had seen and heard betiieen the said M'. Pemberton and 
M'. Galloway, and the s' Teedynscung as aforesaid, they, some 
short Time after, followed the said Teedynscung down to his Lodg- 
ings, at Vernon's, and in their way thither saw the s^ Mr. Pember- 
ton, (as they took the Person to be) and Teedvuscung, with his In- 
terpreter, coming up from thence, and seemingly in close and Earn- 
est Discourse together, but not being near enough could not hear 
what they said, but say, they believe they were goiuff to M'. Pem- 
berton's Lodgings, because they heard the said M'. Pemberton, on 
his going away from Teedynscung at the Booth as aforesaid, desire 

his Interpreter, Pnmpshire, to tell him to come to him, the s* M'. 
Pemberton, to his Lodgings. 

Sworn the 2* August, 1757. 
Before me, 

William Denny. 

* See page 249 for depositions before Mr. Plumstead, on the 80tli July, 
■ubatantiaily gimilor, and 249, 263, 264. 


Chablbs Thompson to Gov. Dbnnt, 1757. 

May it please jour Honor : 

I think it my duty to inform voQ^ that before I knew of any in- 
tention of my being nominated by Teedyseungi to take the Min* 
ntee of the Treaty with him & the Indians now in this Town, I spent 
some time in reading some of the former Indian Treaties & made 
Sztraets from sev^ai of them, & observed, that in the Treaty of 
1728, there is entered a deed from the Indians, dated in 1718,'*' re- 
oiting the several former deeds & bargains of Sale of Lands made 
by the Indiaos; that in the said Treaty of 1728, this Deed was 
aoknowledged & ratifyed by the Indians, & the Boondariea ascer- 
tained more particularly than before^ And on Examining, this 
morning, the several deeds delivered by yonr Honour Orders to be 
read to the Indians, & entered on the Minutes of the present Treaty, 
I find the said Deed of 1718 is not among them, & having a printed 
Oopy of the said Deed & Treaty in my Custody, I could not, eon- 
sistent with my Duty under my present Oiroumstanees, not the con- 
oem I have for the Honour of his Majesty, King George, & the real 
interest of tbis Province, omit thus submitting the PremiscB to jour 
HonoUr^s Consideration. 
I am, 

May it please your Honour, ' 

Tour most oV Servant, 


Easton, 4 August, 1757. 

Directed. v 

To the Hon" W-. Denny, Es^*., at Easton. 

Dbposition of C. Weisbr and T. McKbe respectinq Cok- 
fbbbncb at Easton, 1757« 

On the Sixth Day of August, in the year of our Lord One Thoa- 
sand seven Hundred and Fifty-Seven, appeal'ed before me William 
Denny, Esquiro, Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Penasjl- 
vauia, &o., Conrad Weiser, Esq** and Thomas McKee, Merchant, 
and respectively made Oath on the holy Evangelists, that being 
employed as Indian Interpreters in the present Treaty ; they attended 
as such at the Publick Conference held at Easton- o^ the Governor 
of Pennsylvania with Teedyuscung the Delaware Chief, and the In- 
dians, in the Morning of the third Day of this Instant, August; that 

* See page 262 for a memoraadam by B. Peters, res^oeting tiiis deed. 
Also, Col. Eec., Vol. VII., p. 702-3, 724. 


tbe Oorernor made a Speech to the Indians in Answer to one 
delivered by them on tbe first Day of this Instant; that as soon as 
the Governor had done speaking, Teedjusoang, by hb Interpreter! 
Joiin Pampshire, acquainted the Governor that he did not understand 
hb Speech, and then sat down again ; That Teedjnsonng appeared 
to be much dissatisfied, and whilst the Governor and Mr. Croghan, 
Sir William Johnston's Deputy Agent, were endeavouring to find 
oat whence the DissatisfacUon arose, there was some Discourse and 
Marmar among the Chiefs of the Delawares ; This Deponent, Conrad 
Weiaer, says, that observing this Uneasiness among the Delaware 
Chiefs, he not understanding their Language, asked one of the Sis 
Nations who sat near him & understood Delaware, to tell him what 
was said by the Indians, who, he observed, were in Council together : 
And tbe Six Nation Indian in Answer said, they were angry with 
Teedyoacung for dwelling so long upon the Land Affair ; That the 
Dekware Indian, Lapachpeton, whom this Deponent knows to be of 
great Reputation among the Indians, interrupted Tcedyusoung whilst 
he was speaking to the Governor, and in an angry Way asked him, 
Why did you bring us down ? We thought we came down to make 
Peace with our Brethren the English, but you continue to quarrel 
about the Land affair, which is Dirt, a Dispute we did not hear of 
till DOW. I desire you to enter upon the Business we came down for, 
which is for Peace. And further said, that thereupon all or most of 
the Indians, gave Sounds of Approbation. This Deponent, Conrad 
Weiser, further says, that he instantly wrote down these Words as 
they were spoke to him by the said Six Nation Indian, and gave 
the Writing to the Governor, just as TeedyuscuDg took the two 
Belts and was beginninff to speak to the Governor. This Deponent, 
Thomas McKee, says, that he heard and well understood what waa 
said by Lappacbpeton and the other Delaware Indians^; and that* it 
was the same in substance as is above set forth to be related to Con- 
rad Weiser by the Six Nation Indian, and that as soon as the Sounds 
of Approbation, in which almost all the Indians joined, were uttered, 
Teedyuscung called for the Peace Belts, and holding them in his 
Hands, made such a Speech as is entered in Mr. Croghan's Minntea 
of the third of August This Deponent, Thomas McKee, further 
says, that he repeated to Mr. Jacob Duch^ Assistant Clerk to Mr. 
Trent, tbe same Words in Substance as are above set down as spoke 
by lAppaehpeton, the Instant he was done speaking, and that they 
are strictly true to the best of his Knowledge and Belief. 


Sworn before me this 6th Day of 
August, 1757. 

William Denny. 



* Sm Col. Bee., Vol. Til. p. <98, te. 


The Commissioners to Gov. Denny, 1767. 

EafitoD, Augpai 7th, 1757. 

We are sensible there was a Proclamation formerly issued by this 
Goyemment, promising a Reward for Prisoners and Scalps taken 
within the Limits of this Province, but this was done by your 
predecessor, and the then Provincial Commissioners who were 
appointed to dispose of a snm of, ihoney granted to the King^s 
Use, not Appropriated to any Particular Purpose, which sum is 
long since expended, and the Power of those Commissioners be^ 
come void. We are since constituted by the Law to dispose of a 
sum of money to pertain uses and Purposes therein particularly 
specified. And therefore we are in great doubt, whether that Pro- 
clamation can be deemed in Force, or whether we can, from any 
Authority derived from the Law, consent to Tediuscung's Proposal, 
was it prudent and necessary, without an Act of Assembly to em- 
power us. But we think the mischief you mention in Your Letter, 
with many others, that may attend your Compliance with this re- 
quest, shou'd make the Government very cautions how they consent 
to such a measure. 

We therefore recommend it to your Honour, in answer to the 
King's Proposal, to inform him, That you cannot, without Consulting 
the Assembly, and their Consent, enter into the measure proposed ; 
That the Indians who have been in Alliance with us, and have done 
the Province any service in Protecting its Inhabitants or Distressing 
our Enemies, have ever been generously rewarded, and that the 
King and his Warriors, or any other Indians whatever in Alliance 
with us, may depend on Justice and full satis&ction for the like 
Services whenever they shall be done. 

As to taking a number of the Indians into pay in any other man- 
ner, we apprehend it will be neither agreeable to them, nor Serviceable 
to the Province.* 

We are Sir, 

Tour most humble Servt% 

Wm. Masters, 


To the Hnble. William Denny, EBq^ 

Jos. Ffox, 


JoN. Hughes. 

* See another Letter from tbem, August 1, Colon. Reo. Vol. YII. p. 694, 
and various proceedings respeoting the landa. 


Deposition of Capt. Christian Bussb and Jacob O&nbt, 


Captain Christian Basse being Sworn on the holj Evangelist of 
Almighty God, Deposeth, that on the Night of the Twenty-Second 
Day of July last past, when he was in Company with Captain Jacob 
Oradt, King Teeoyascung, John Pnmpshire and Moses Tatamy, and 
other Indians, at the House of Adam Yoe, in EastoQ, a Messsenger 
was twice sent np Stairs to John Pumpshire, desiring him to^come 
down, there being a Gentleman below who wanted to see him. 
Pampshire did not go dowD, and then a Gentleman, whose name 
Cap* Basse does not know, came np Stairs just into the Door. What 
he said to the Indians is unknown to Cap* Basse, but the Indians 
followed the Gentleman. And in about half an Hour the Indians 
returned to the same place. And in the mean Time Colonel Weiser 
came into the Room. And after some Time Teedyusoung spoke to 
him, by Pampshire, and made a pretty long Speech. The Substance 
of which was. That he would haye his own Clerk, and would by no 
means be led by the Nose, Pnmpshire af the same time laying his 
Eiad to his Nose and shaking it, and said that it was his Right to 
have a Clerk^ as he was a King. And further this Deponent saith 


Sworn at Easion, in the County of Northampton, "^ 
the Eighth Day of August, 1757, Before me, V 

Jab. Martin. } 

Captain Jacob Orndt, above-Qamed, being likewise duly sworn on 
the holy Evangelist of Almighty God, Deposeth and deelareth the 
same as above said, with this Addition, That the above-mentioned 
Gentleman who came up Stairs to Pnmpshire, was Israel Pemberton. 
Bat be does not remember of Pumpshire's taking hold of and shaking 
his Nose. 


Sworn at Easton above-s' the Eighth Day 
of August, 1757; Before me, 

Jas. Martin 

• i 


A List or the Names of the Officers, Seamen and Lakds- 

MEN, 1757, 

Belonging to the Province Ship Ptn^/loaniay Frigate, mounted tnd 
Two Carriage GunSy Twelve pounders, Six ditto Nine pounden, 
Twelve ditto Six pounderty Six ditto Four pounders. Two Swivek 
and Four Cohoms. 


John Sibbald, Captaioi 
Hens' Allen MoDoagall, 1'* Lieut*, 
ThomaB Leech^ Jun' 2' do. 
Peter Hunter, Master, 
Greorge Abivon, Surgeon, 
John Chftbaud, Gunner, 
Robert Power, Boatswain, 
Henry Bragg, Carpenter, * 
Jobn Bulklej, Master's-Mate, 
Jobn Freeston, Mate, 
Robert Henry, Mate, 
ThoP Bead, Midshipman, 
James Jamely, Midshipman, 
Thomas Green, Midshipman, 
Nathan Foot, Master's-Man, 
Henry Miller, Cobper, 
Tho^ Groves, Mast^ of Arms, 
Charles Chisholm, Quarter Mast**, 
John Goggin, Gunner^s Mate, 
JohnTodman, Gunner's Teoman^ 
Isaac Pike, Boatswain's Mate, 
John Parker, Quarter Master, 
Geo. Atkinson, Quarter Master, 
Henry Carty, Quarter Master, 
Tho* Cunningham, Qurf Mast', 
John Clare, Mathematician, 
John Camock, Carpenf* Mate, 
John Hitchcock, Carp" Yeoman, 
Joseph Mitchell, Linguister, 
Will" Boon Midshipmaui 
John Campbell, Armourer, 
John Beales, Musician, 
Thomas Robinson, Steward, 
Joseph Andover, Quarter Mas'. 



Thomas Mackarall, 
James Dugan, 
Thomas Morel 1, 
Daniel Madin, 
Jo» Walton, 
William Mackay, 
John Jones, 
Sampson Drummer, 
Josiah Shepherd, 
Robert Crawford, 
Henry Patterson, 
Edward Phillips, 
John Gilles, 
Thomas Boyer, 
John Studham, 
John Poor, 
Dan> McDugald, 
Patrick Lanagan, 
John O'Hara, 
Robert Phillips, 
Robert Frazier, 
Robert Smith, 
John Reed, 
Bartho"" Sutton, 
James Kelley, 
Lorenzo Dalmaster, 
Joan Clos, 
William Miller, 
William Lowrie, 
Nicholas Gale, 
Cuff, a Negro, 
Innocent Babe, 
John Cooper, 
Adam Stoler, 


fmmgtvYAmA abcditsb iw. 


Cheney Clow, 
John BwuM, 
Andrew Dawcn, 
£lias fiUwell, 
Patrick McCowen^ 
Leontrd Laciter, 
Edward Bealj, 
WiUkuD RobioBODi 
John LcHig, 
Hugh AikeO| < 
Edward Cook^ 
Isaac Smithji 
Anthony Boon, 
William Hynea^ 
George Morton, 
Art Mclntee, 
John Rabor^ 
Nicholas FiiQill, 
John Mclntire, 
Nicho» Welsh, 
Tho> WilliamsoD, 
John Smitt, 
John Danlap, 
Mathcw PeterSi 
William Mahany, 
John McDael, 
Andrew Wickley, 
Joseph Oray, 
John Yeatesy 
John Innisy 
Neal Dougharty, 
WiUiam Miller, 
Andrew McNoarthj 
Thomas^ Phillips, 
John Scott, 
Thomas Kennedy, 
Henry Nutter, 
John Kelley, 
Alex' Butherfaidi 
John Dixon, 
James Oamell, 
James Ryan, 

Ind<fned.—26 Ang^ 
CQ bwd the Proyincial 

Thomas Lorigley, 

William Drysdale, 

John Donghertyi 

Joseph Best, 

William Halms, 

Michael Tharp, 

James Thompson, 

William Marshall, 

Thomas DuffksSi 

Oharles Kichelary 

Patrick Holton, 

Isaac Towers, 

Samuel Sprogell| 

John Greer, 

Thomas Daly, 

Joshua Ardis, 

Samuel Powell, 

Benj* January, 

Thomas Downs, 

Nicholas Wayor, 

William Bams, 

Yangal Becker, 

Thomas Miller, 

James Black, 

James Hunter, 

Adam Falsted/ 

Jeremiah Ingelman, 

Daniel Flackhardie, 

John Raddly, 

James Mortin, 

Thomas Sergon, 

Barnabas Bams, 

Alex' Frait, 

Thomas McClakran, 

John Clegg, 

Jacob Waltar, . 

William Kimbol, 

James Garter, 

John Brown, 

James MoClowley, 

Charles Avery, 

Edward Roarty, 

John Roarty, 

Thomas Morgan, 


Joshua David. 90 

1757. List of Officers, Seamen, & hands then 

* See page 190. 

FBNinSTiyANIA AfiCHI7S!B 1787. 


1st. Setroh for all deeds or mstrnm^ relateing to-. Indian Affiiin 
yt are on record^ & whether any Orig'* or Copys of j"* are lefi in his 

2d. Whether he knows ye Handwriting of ye Copy of ye Deed 
in 1686, or ye Endorsem^ 

3d. Whether he thinks ye Body of ye Copy is in ye Handwriting 
of Philip Th. Lehmnan, & ye Endorsem** of Thos. Holmes. 

4th. Whether he knows when Th. Lehmnan oame into ye Gonntiy, 
w* offices he held; & when he dy'd^ & ye like favour as to ThoB. 

5th. Whether he can direct R. P. how to" prove ye HandwritiDg 
of Laase Cook or any other of ye Witn* to ye sev* Deeds. 

Meantime to make out Com" to C. Brockden to be Mr. of BoDs 
before his giving ye exemplifyd Copys of ye Ind" Deeds. 

80th Aug. 175T, Deliverd ye Indian Deed of 7 7ber, 1718, to 
Mr. Brockdon. B. Peters."*" 

A List of Quakers at Easton Treaty, August, 1757. 

Issreal Pemberton, Able James, 

John Pemberton, Jacob Shoemaker, 

Jas. Pemberton, Biohard Wister, 

William Brown, Francis Richardson, 

John Hunt, Samuel Harford, 

William Fisher, Francis Bawle, 

John Joans, Benjeman Lightfoot, 

John Morris, Eron Asbridge, 

J. Morris, Jas. Eady, 

Thomas Wharton, Joseph Stretch, 

J. Zeens, . Capt. Lowance, 

Jeremiah Warder, Samuel Morris of White Manh. 


" W. Fs. list of Quakers at Easton, July, 1757.'' 

* The last paragraph is in tbe handwriting of R. Peters, and signed by 
him, it refers to the deed of 1718^ whioh C. Thompson says on page 266 was 
not found with the pther deeds. 


Deposition of Jambs Hyndshaw, 1757. 

On the Thirty First Day of Angnst in the Year of onr Lord One 
ThooBand Seven Hundred and Fifty Seven, before me, William 
AIleD, Esquire, Chief Jnstice of the Provinoe of Pennsylrania, Per- 
sooaUy appeared James Hyndshaw, of the County of Northampton, 
and a Lieutenant in the First Battallion of the Pennsylvania Kegi- 
ment, and made Oath on the Holy Evangelists, that he being One 
of the Officers in the Company or Detachment which was draughted 
out of the said Battallion to attend his Honour the Governor of the 
said Province, at the Treaty held with the Indians at Easton, in the 
Months of July last and August Instant, he this Deponent did 
accordingly attend and continue at Easton during all the said Treaty, 
and saw thexfi a great Number of the People, called Quakers, of the 
said Province, but chiefly from Philadelphia, amongst whom were 
several of their publick Preachers and others of the most consider- 
able Persons of that Society; and this Deponent saith, that during; 
the said Treaty, he very often saw Teedyuscung the Indian Cbiei^ 
and Pampshire his Interpreter in Company and close Conference, 
(as they appeared to this Deponent to be,) with Israel Pemberton of 
the City of Philadelphia, Merchant, a noted Person amongst the 
Quakers, who lodged during the said Treaty in a Back Room or 
Boiiding behind the House of Paul Miller, the next House to Adam 
Toe's a l^vem where this Deponent chiefly resided during the said 
Treaty; And this Deponent saith, that he observed that sometimes 
the said Teedyuscung in his said Conferences with tbe said Israel 
Pemberton at the said Treaty, had his said Interpreter with him, 
and sometimes not, as he, the said Teedyuscung, speaks the English 
Tongue pretty well ; and that Mr. Richard Wistar, a Merchant, and 
Mr. Joseph Galloway, a Lawyer, two other noted Quakers who came 
from Philadelphia to the said Treaty were also (sometimes together 
and often separately) along with and in close and earnest Conference 
and Conversation with the said Mr. Pemberton and Teedyuscung, 
sometimes at his Lodgings at Vernon's and sometimes in other 
Places; And that he this Deponent also saw the said Teedyuscung, 
Bometimes with and sometimes without his Interpreter, very often 
daring the said Treaty, in Company and close Conversation with 
divers other Persons who appeared to this Deponent to be Quakers, 
but whose Names he did not know or does not qow remember, but 
many of them were very active and busy amongst the Indians at the 
said Treaty ; And that he also saw the said Teedyuscung during the 
said Treaty go, sometimes with and sometimes without his Inter- 
preter, to the House of Mr. Rinker in Easton^ where Isaac Norris, 
Esquire, the Speaker and some other Members of the House of As- 
sembly, and several of the Commissioners lodged; and this Deponent 
farther saith, that towards the close of the said Treaty, and on the 
I^y before the Quakers distributed their Present amongst the In- 

dians at Easton aforesud, he heiird the said Israel PemBertOD aoqaainft 
the said Teedyascung and his Interpieter, that they (meaning the 
Society of Qaakers as this Deponent understood it and Delieyes; hid 
« very rich Present to ^ve tfaemi the Indiaqsj the next morning ; 
and that accordingly the next morning this Deponent saw the M 
Mr. Pembertoni with several others of the People called Qoaken, 
dividing and giving a considerable Quantity of Goods to the said 
Teedyuscang and othw Indians. 


Sworn before me this Slst Day of Angnst, 1767, 

Will. Allen, Gheif Jostice. 

Deposition ov Benjamin Shobmakbr, 1757.* 

On the Thirty First Day of Angnst in the Tear of onr Lord One 
Thousand, Seven Hundred and, Fifty-Seven, before me, William 
Allen, Esquire, Chief Justice of the Province of Pennsylvania, ap- 
peared Benjamin Shoemaker of the County of Northampton, Yeo- 
man, and made Oath on the Holy Evangelists, that he, the said De- 
ponent) in the latter End of the Month of July last went to Easton, 
m the said County, to see and hear the Treaty then held there be- 
tween Governor Denny with His Majesty's Deputy ^gent, Mr. 
Croghan, and Teedyuftcung, the Indian Chief, with several other 
Indians ; and this Deponent also seen a great Number of the People 
called Quakers attending at t^e said Treaty, particularly several 
whom this Deponent was told were Preachers, and others of Note, 
from Philadelphia, and many of whom this Deponent observed to 
be very active and busy amongst the Indians at the said Treaty; 
That on the Twenty-Eighth Day of July aforesaid, in the afternoon, 
this Deponent was present at the publick Conference then held with 
the said Indians at the Booth in Easton, and towards the close there- 
of, this Deponent intending to stay till all was over, and to see the 
Indians go out of the Booth, he kept near to the Indian King, and 
immediately on Teedyuscung's coming out of the Booth, this Depo- 
nent observed Two Persons advancing hastily towards Teedyuscnng, 
which Two Persons this Deponent then apprehended and is since 
well satisfied on seeing them again, were Israel Pemberton, a Mer- 
chant at Philadelphia, and Joseph Oalloway, a Lawyer there, & bodi 
Quakers, as this Deponent has been informed and believes ; That on 
the said Mr. Pemberton and Mr. Galloway's coming up to Teedy- 
nscang, the said Mr. Pemberton, in an apgry manner, began to up- 
braid the said Teedyascung with his behaving ill at the said Confer- 
ence that Afternoon, but this Deponent saith, he not beiufl; near 
enough, did not hear fully the Beginning of what Mr. Pemberton 
* See page 249, 264. 


mid to TeedyiiQCOogy but, drawing nearer, disiinoily heard the latter 
Part thereof, io wit, that if he (meaniDg the said Teedyasoung) did 
not behave better, he Tthe eaia Mr. Pemberton) and many other 
Friends would return nome and Jeave him ; To which the said 
Teedynscnng made an answer, which, as his Interpreter Pompshire 
explained it, was that '^ if you who came so short a way cannot 
<' wait, I will retnm too, leayiD^ Things as they now are ;" or Words 
to that Effect; and then the said Mr. Galloway, in this Deponent's 
Hearing, in an angry manner, also spoke to and upbraided the said 
Teedynscung with being drunk and unfit for Business, and threatened 
him, that if he did not behave better he would also go away and 
leave him ; whereupon the said Teedynscung appearing to be much 
displeased with what the said Mr. Pemberton and Mr. Galloway had 
eaid to him, went away from them towards his Lodgings at Vernon's, 
a Tavern in Easton ; And this Deponent further saith, that his Curi- 
osity being raised by the odd and extraordinary Behaviour and Con- 
versation which he had seen and heard between the said Mr. Pem- 
berton and M'. Galloway and the said Teedynscung as aforesaid, he in 
a short Time after determined to follow the said Teedynscung to 
Ycmon's ; but in his way thither this Deponent saw the said Mr. 
Pemberton and Teedynscung with his Interpreter coming up from 
thence, seemingly in close and earnest Discourse together ; and this 
Deponent saith, that as he apprehended and believes they were all 
then going to Mr. Pemberton's Lodgiogs at Paul Miller's, because 
the said Mr.. Pemberton, on Teedyuscung's parting from him at tho 
Booth as aforesaid, did, in thb Deponent's Hearing, desire the Inter- 
preter, Pnmpshire, to tell Teedyuscung to come to him, the said Mr. 
Pemberton^ at his Lodgings. 


Sworn before me thi3 81** Day of August, 1757. 

Will. Ali«en, Chief Justice. 

Col. Hjenry Bouquet to Gov. Djenny, 1757. 


In case an Express sent on Ace* of Mr. McLean, Sureeon to the 
Division under my Command here, should not arrive at Philadelphia 
before the day limited for his Appearance there, I shall take it as a 
particular favour if you will stop any proceedings against his Bail 
in order to levy the Forfeiture of his Recognizance (which I under- 
stand you have a power to do) as Mr. McLean has been detained by 
me, the Servi^ of His Majesty absolutely requiring his attendance 

Vol. III.— 12 


hgate at ifais Bemm, wbick is beoome yerj nnhealthj ; aad he ahill 
haye leave to attend at the next Supreme Court. 
I aiD^ 

Sir; with the utmost Consideration^ 

Your most obedient 

humble Seryanti 


South Carolina, 

Oharlestown; 8^ Sept% 1767. 

• Sir John St. Clair to Gov. Denny, 1757, 

New York, Septem' 4«»', 1757. 
Sir: ^ 

I am directed bj the Earl of Loudoun to acquaint your Honour 
that in a few days his Lo'p will write to you relating to Pablick 
Affairs, in the mean time His Lo'p sends to-morrow morning the 2* 
Battalion of the Royal American Reg^ to reinforce Colonel Stanwix 
at Carlisle. Since I left Philadelphia I have been ignorant of what 
has been doing in your Province, which makes me not know whether 
it will be necessary to detach a couple of hundred men to Reading 
when the Battallion arrives at Lancaster, therefore I have made no 
such application to His Lo'p, but as that Battalion will be under 
Colo. Stanwix the moment they enter the Province of Pennsylvania 
lie will have time enough to send them Orders before they can reach 

I herewith send you on the other side their Route in your Prov- 
ince. His Lo'p desires that the^ may be provided with Straw and 
Wood,, and Sixteen Waggons with four horses each, the ktter of 
which they are to pay for as the Law directs. Be so good as to for- 
ward the Inclosed to Colonel Stanwix. 
I am, with the greatest Regard, 

^Your BoBoni'a 

Most Obedf and 

Most hum. Servant, 



Koate of March for the Bojal American Begiment in th« 
PiOTmce of Pennsylvania. 

Septem. 10<*. 

Trenton, Ferrj, .... 

12 Miles. 

Nesaminy, Ferry, ^ 




Over Soholl ferry, . 



At Mr. Asbton's the sign of Adm* Warren, 19 

At the sign of the Waggon, . 


At the sign of the Hat, . , . 


At LancBBter, .... 



Harris's Ferry, two Marches, 
About, ... 




148i MUes. 

Lord Loudoun to Gov. Dbnny, 1767. 

New York, 7th September, 1757. 

I have been so harried sroce my return here, that I hare not had 
it in my power to write to Yon ; but that has not prevented roe 
from having the necessary Attention to Yonr Province, for which 
purpose I have Order'd Colonel Bnsseanz, with the Second Battalion 
of the Royal Americans, to March directly to Carlisle, to Join Colonel 
Stanwix, in order to cover yonr back Settlements. 

And as it was not conrcnicnt for me, at present, to send any of 
ibe Field Train along with them, I must beff Yon will lend them 
two of Your light brass Cannon; the necessity of which Yon are 
too good a Judge of for me to enter into any Argument upon. 

& I have had no Account of what Your Province have done ill 
ndsrog of Men, in. consequence of the Agreement I made with You 
at Philadelphia m March last, or how those raised have been dis- 
posed of; I must beg Yon will inform me of both those things, and 
likewise what number it may be expected they will keep up during 
this Winter for their own Protection and Security. 

I am at present moving all the other Troops un the Hudson's 
Biver, the greatest part of which are already Sailed; and as sooa 
as I have fixed where the Troops are to Quarter in the Winter, I 


shall Acquaint Ton wiUi ibe number of BegimentB that shall be in 

I am with great regard, Sir, 

Your Most Obedient^ 

Humble Serranti 

The Hon**" W-. Denny, Esq'., Governor of Pensilvania. 

Edmttnd Atkins to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Greenwaj Court, 15th September, 1757. 

In May last, Gap^ Rich'. Pearis (whom Got'. Dinwiddie purposed 
to discharge on Account of the many Complaints against him,) did, 
in order as I imagine to make himself some Merit elsewhere, in 
Breach of his Orders, lead a Party of 60 Cberokees under Wauhat- 
chee, that were employed in the particular Service, and at the Ex- 
pense^f this Colouy according to Treaty, over Potowmack River, to 
scout aftec the Euemy Indians through Maryland & Pensylv*. By 
doing which, having met with the Success of killing four and taking 
two prisoners, he obtained a Captain's Commission in Maryland, and 
your Acknowledgments and Offers of Service, And those Indians 
received from Maryland a Present of £200 Value, and the promise 
of another from vou, and of all the Encouragement in your Power. 
Two days after I arrived in Winchester, the beginning of June, he 
received a String of Wampum from Sir W". Johnson's Deputy, M^ 
Croghan, to invite them over again into Pensylv*. to receive that 
Present at Fort Loudoun. This put an entire Stop to my Negotia- 
tions that were of great Importance, & at a very critical Juncture, ^ 
being then in the most favourable Way, and besides ocoasioniog an 
Augmentation of the Present intended for tbem, carried away that 
Party of Indians to Pensylv*. to ^et your Present, just after I had 
told them the Nature of my Commission from bis Majesty; that the 
Indians in my District were for the future to talk about Business 
only with me, and could- receive no Presents but from my hands. 
Thereupon, I sent immediately to M^ Croghan a proper Caution by 
Letter,* wherein I gave him a full and particular Account of the 
ticklish State of the Indian Affitirs here, together with my Tranaao- 
tions, and pointed out the pernicious Consequences of that way of 
proceeding to the King's Measures^ and the particular Intereata of 
the different Colonies, (a Copy whereof is here inclosed). He tamed 
those Indians back to me and came himself, having made his Excuse 
for the Part he acted therein, by pleading the Desire of the Pensylv*. 
♦ See pnge 176. 


Oorermiient that he would deliver the PreseDt, an Order of Col*. 

StaDwix to do it, his Reluctance to cbmply therewith for the Bev 
0OD8 he gave, and his Ignoiance of where I might be. And he pro* 
posed to send the Present over to me by horse, it being his own 
Opinion that jonr Acknowledgment should be sent to me, k de- 
livered by me. This put it in my Power again to bring Matters to a 
happy Conclnsion with those Indians, seeing themselves really de« 
peodoDt on me. But it was with an additional Ezpence to Virginia, 
ioasiBQch as I found it still necessary to give an Extra Present to 
that Party then going home, being a considerable Part of the Yalne 
of your said Present. Enclosed is a Copy of a Letter I wrote on 
the 12th & 30th June"*" to Gov'. Sharpe of Maryland, who sent me a 
Copy of the Transactions there between him & those Indians. As 
it contains my Sentiments fully on this Subject with Regard to his 
Majesty's Measures & the general Service of our Colonies, equally 
applicable to you, with the subsequent Transactions here; I beg 
leave, both for Brevity and yonr further Information, to refer you 
thereto; and desire yon will consider it so far, as if addressed to 

While M'. Croghan was at Winchester, there was an Alarm of a 
Body of French and Indians marching from Fort Du Quesne towards 
one or other of our Settlements. I was willing to let yonr Present, 
wherein there were some things that I had not, rest where it was; 
that it might incline another Party of Cherokeei> under the Mankiller 
of Estatoe, then with me, to go Uie more readily over to Col"". Stan* 
wiz in Pensylv*., whom I resolved to assist in his intended March 
with, the King's Troops, with all the Indians in my Power. And 
M^ Croghan engaged to deliver the same to them in my Name & 
Behalf, according to the List he gave me, (a Copy whereof is 
enclosed,) being he said in Value about £2jt0, your Currency. 
This, together with what they had already received from me, or in 
this Cofny, he was of Opinion with myself and M'. Richard Smith 
also, who brought them first from their Nation, would be sufficient 
foil all their past Service. I sent 47 Men, (3 Women accompanied 
them,) bebg all that I had in the Colony, except such as were sick 
or unable to go, & 6 Outscouts ; the Gooutry, then in Arms under 
the Alarm, & some Persons parried off the same Morning by the 
£nemy's Indians within 12 Miles of Winchester. M'. Croghan 
returned in Company with them. But I committed the Conduct of 
them to M'. Smith, whom I had appointed a Cherokee Interpreter 
& Conductor on Behalf of his Majesty, and to whom I gave Orders 
« to assist Col*. Stanwiz, & take his Directions, in case of his march' 
'' ing with wny Troops; and if the said. Party should stay any time 
'' to auiu those Troops, and do any further real Service, to apply for 
" a proper Reward for them. But if Col". Stanwiz should not march 
" with the King's Troops, or should give over his March, then to 
'^ proceed with the said Party to scout near Ray's Town, up & down 
'< between that. Fort CumbeHand, & the South Branch of Potow- 
..♦ See pp. 183, 197. 


{* mack;" wfaieh eoald be in iVuA of bo more Benefit afe tlwt Juno- 
tare to Virgmia, in whose Paj_& Service those Indians were engaged, 
than to Maryland and Pensyiv*. aleo. Before their Arrival at Fort 
Loudonn in Pensjlvania, Co^. Sttnwiz had given over hia Dengn 
of marching; And M**. Oroghan the day before wrote back to me 
fcr Leave to confer with and direct them on any Service in the 
Absence of Ool". Stanwiz, which wag so contrary to what he knew 
to be my sole Design in Sending tliem into Pen8ylv\y that I eoold 
not jnstify the sending them at that Juncture out of this Colonj on 
any other Pretence than that of assisting the Sling's Troops in thdr 
March. The second Day after theip Arrival at Fort Loudoun, your 
Present was delivered to them, (according to the List inclosed, taken 
from H'. Smith's Journal) ; and at the same time M'. Crogfaan, 
without Regard to any Answer that he might have" from me, pro- 
posied to them to stay k scour the Woods in Pensylv*., for which he 
assured them he would recommend their being satisfied. Where* 
upon it was formally agreed that they should stay 20 Days ; and 
upon Col"*. Stanwiz's Recommendation, (which was founded on the 
Representation of M'. Croghan, touching their Displeasure and Com- 
plaints against the Government of Virginia, and on the Application 
also of M'. Smith for Goods to send them away well pleased, who 
was rendered nnable to pursue my Instructions,) the Pensylv*. 
€k>vemment gave them another Present afterwards, of no less than 
as M'. Croghan wrote, about £400 value, your Money. (The List 
is inclosed of what they received, as taken from M'. Smith's Journal, 
in it are 80 Bridles with which they caught Horses on their Retam 
through Maiyland and Virginia.) I am not ignorant how mnch 
M'. Croghan had it really at heart to set those Indians to himself 
in Pensylvani, (tho' he told me he oomd have 100 or 150 Sasqfne- 
hanna Indians at any time for sending for,) nor of the Arts em- 
ployed to accomplish it, or the Use made of it. It is not my 
Intention to enter at all into those things with you. They are such 
nn&ir ones as I think fit to make his Principal, Sir W"*. Johnson, 
acquainted with. If those Indians were really in bad Temper when 
in Pensylvania, M'. Croghan knows how it came to pass. It is 
most certain that they went from Winchester most chearfnlly, with 
the Ezpectation of receiving only the Present that was then lying 
for them at Fort Loudoun. And their Chief did also in Form 
declare himself to me to be content & satisfied with that, together 
with what I had before given. Therefore, there was not the least 
ill Consequence to be apprehended to the Colonies from the Temper 
they were then in, as he represented afterwards to Col«. Stanviz, 
but the contrary. There needed nothing to be done to keep them 
in the same Temper, but to ezchange as I recommended some of the 
Articles in his List of your Present, whereof they had enough here 
for others, in particular more Strowds ; whereof if they had received 
more on their Arrival at Fort Loudoun, Mr. Smith still affirms 
Uiere ^rould not have been the least Occasion for any thing further 

PHOrfflTLYUnA ABOHIVEB 1767. 271 

(anles for fiirther Ber?ioB,) and if there hftd beeo^ H did not lie 
npon the Deputy (^ Sir Wm. JohnsoD, or upon FeniuylT^y to Mod 
tbem home veil satiafted. Bat if at their Retom from thence I had 
pereeiyed any Duwatisfietion, it was my proper Boainess to do that. 
And I would haye done it, as I oould ; for Mr. Orogban was not 
iflmnrnt thai an offer had heen mi^e mo of atippljiog me from 
Maryland with aome pieoea of Strowd Cloth, the Want whereof at 
the first oomlng of the Gherokeea into thia Colony, waa the ehief 
Oaoae of their Diaaatia&ction, whioh be waa acquainted with. If 
the iadiana were diaaadafied before with Yiiginia, what Reaaon is 
there now to expect, that fcnr the future they will be aatiafied with 
the pay of that or any other Colony 7 For the Expenee of £400 
Yalne in Gooda to pay 47 Indiana, for aconting only 20 Baya, by ' 
expreaa Stipulation, ia an Expenee which neither PenaylT* itaelf, nor 
any other person, I will add, nor the R5yal Purse itaelf ia able to 
support in the Course of thia War. And therefore the ahewing 
that Example* waa aurely wrong; and with Regard to ita Effecta 
among the Indiana, will I fear prove of infinite BiaaerTiee. Aa that 
party left Pennaylv* precisely at the End of the 20 Baya bargained 
for, it 13 worth while to consider what waa the real Service done by 
them. It appeara from Mr. Smith's Journal, that 28 of thoae In- 
diana went out from Fort Loudoun the 2d July with Gapt. Potter^ 
in order to acour the Wooda near Ray'a Town ; b^t returned the 
very next Bay to that Fort^ from whence they never atirred after* 
waida until they came away. For it aeema they were diaappointed 
of catching 80 horaea that Mr. Croghan promised them, Cap* Rich* 
Pearia whom he aent for to go with them, k ahew the aame to them, 
fiuling to meet them the first Evening at the place appointed called 
the Oove. On the 0th, 12 othera went from Carliate with Mr. 
Smith, to scout in Sheerman's Yalley, in Company with a party of 
Men under Lieutenant Armstrong; 9 of whom returned to that 
pkee the 10th, & the other 8 the 18th, without having done more 
than following aome Tracka of Indiana; the whole being impatient 
to return homeward, and no other of them were employed in aconting 
partiea, while they atayed in PensylvS Thia waa all the Benefit 
that accrued to that Colony at the Price of about j£400 in Oooda 
only (heeidea the first present) for 20 Baya Betention of them from 
the Service of thia Colony ; which waa left open & exposed to the 
iDcuraiona of the Enem/a Indians, and many persona carried off by 
them in the mean while. So that the real Service of those Chero- 
keea which I intended, was lost to both ; and an Injary done to 
Virginia, while no Good accrued to Pennsylvania. Can it be thought 
to consist with his Majoaty'a Service, or with the Intereata of parti- 
onlar Coloniea, that hia Indian Allies should be drawn from one 
Colony to another, by outbidding for their Aaaiatanoe ? Or ia it 
possible for me to carry on the King^s general Service in my Bia- 
triet, while auch Obstruction ia thrown in my Way ? 
As one hundred Catawba Indiana are daily expected on the Fron- 


tiers oi ibis Oolonj) wbom I sent fbr to soooeed Hie OherokeeB wbo 
ate gone home, this Goverament hamg provided l^reaents for ma to 
perform my Stipulation for their Reward; I have thooght fit, pre- 
vioDS to my leaving these parte, to set those Transaetions in their 
true Light before yoa ; not at all doubting that you will on doe 
Oonsideratioui shun every Method or Means of drawing them, or any 
other of the Indians in the Southern Distriet| into Penney Iv* ; and 
if they should ramble thither of themseTves, as it is not improbable 
they may, in quest of sueh presents as they have heard of, that you 
will in such Case disoonntenanee them, so that they may retnn to 
their Duty, and the Service they are engaged in ; and in general, 
that you will not shew Countenance to any of the Southern Indians, 
^noi having my Passport, or special Leave, with a white Man em- 
ployed by me in their Company. For you cannot but be sensible 
from what hath past, that any attempts or practices to the contrary, 
are not only a particular Injury to this Colony but tend manifestly 
to fender the Indians of my own District independent of me, and 
consequently to distract bis Majesty's Measures, which are calculaied 
for the Good of all bis American Subjects equally. 

As the Colonies of Pensylv* and Maryland may be protected 
equally with Virginia to the Westward, by the very same Indian 
Parties augmented ; I think a Junction of their Interests in purau- 
ing that Measure, a natural and very desirable thing. And as I am 
certain I can send a sufficient Number of Indians, so I am as ready 
and willing to do it as you can wish, if those Colonies will oontribute 
their Part towards the Ezpence, and enable me to discharge my 
own Engagements myself, in which case they shall have the full 
Benefit of my scouting orders. Inclosed is an account (the same as 
I have sent to Gov. Sharpe,) of the Reward which I propose to pro- 
mise and give for the future, to such parties of Indians as I shall 
engage to come and go to War; together with the Emulation of the 
Allowance of Provisions, to be made them wherever they come. 
Those Parties to serve each at least 3 Months in Succession; and to 
be led by proper Interpreters and Conductors, under my own In- 
structions. If this Measure is embraced, the Goods should be 
secured as soon as possible, & myself made aoquaiuted with it 
immediately, as soon as they are deposited; that I may then enter 
into Engagements accordingly. And all persons within your Gro- 
vernment should be prohibited, when any of those Southern Indians 
come there, from concerning themselves with any of them or their 
Affiurs, or from interfering with me in the Execution of my Com* 
mission, or in any part of my Conduct or Management. Inclosed is 
a Copy of a Proclamation, for your perusal or Information, which 
Governour Dinwiddle issued in this Colony, for that ^ other Pur- 
poses relative to the Indians : and also the Copy of another procla- 
mation he issued for supplying them with provisions. But that is 
insufficient for my purpose, i^'or the Injuries to the King's Service, 
which occur too frequently, and inevitably, in Spite of every Pre- 


etatioOy by IndinB ooming among the Settlemento of the while 
people, hath made me fix a Eeiolatioay never to permit any of the 
Indians under my Direction, to oome again for the future within the 
Settlements of any of the Colonies (exeept in Cases of Necessity) ; 
bat to employ them constantly on the Frontiers from established 
posts ; which will save much Ezpenoe of provisions, and many In- 
coDvenienoes to the Inhabitants, as well as to myself in the manage- 
ment of the Indian Affairs. 

I have appointed Christopher Gist, Esq., my Deputy in this 
Colony, being well recommended for his fair Character; and he is 
the best acquainted here with the Indians. With Respect to the 
Presents that may be deposited, a just aoooaiU will be kept of their 
Delivery, always open to Inspection. I can only add, that I am 
very certain, these three Colonies will be infested more than ever by 
the Enemy's Indians next Spring, unless very strong Parties ar^ 
provided to keep them out» And they will certainly make the 
greatest Push, where they meet with the least Besistanoe. 

Tou will be pleased to understand, that it is my true Intent and 
Meaning, that whatever may be resolved on by the Governments of 
Penir^lv* & Maryland, in regard to getting the Assistance of the 
Southern Indians, I would not have any thing so concluded on, as 
to be carried into Execution, without first consulting Sir Wm. John- 
son and receiving his approbation, who is the best judge of the Con- 
sequences in his own District, and consequently of the propriety of 
any Measures that affect-ihe same. 
I am Sir, 

Tour Honour's most Obedient 

and very humble Servant, 


Gov. Denny. 

CiBOTTLAB OP Gov. Dbnnt RBSPBOTiNa Irok Workb, 1767. 

Philadelphia, 19th September, 1757. 


I am desired by the Lords of Trade, as you will observe by the 
Copy of their Lordships Letter on the other side, to transmit to 
them as soon jib possible a just and true aooount of. the Quantity o£ 
Iron made in this Province from Christmas, 1749, to 5th January, 
1756. You will th^efore be pleased to order a particular account 
to be. taken of the exact Quantities of what Iron in Pigg^t Bar or 
Castings made at your Furnace and Forge in each of the years 
within the above space of time. As it may be necessary the account 
should when delivered b^ attested upon a legal Qualification, I do 



Hot doabt but jon will be o&refiil tbst it be ditiniel, Ml mi ine. 
Pray lose no Time in complying with this Request, the Season being 
far advanced, that it may arrive Time enoagh to answer the Par* 
poses proposed by their Lordships. 
I am Sir^ 

year humble Servant,* 


We, ye subscribers, accompanying Gk>V Denny to y* Indian Trea^ 
ty, at Easton, in July & Ang^ last, were not a little surpria'd to see 
a great Concourse of y* people called Quakers there, & amongst 
them many of their noted Preachers, & a great number of y* most 
considerable & substantial men of that Sooiety from Philad*& other 
parts of y Province, a9 we had been well informed y* it had been 
' signify'd to some of y' Heads of them at Philad% by y* Gkyv% sotaie 
days before he set out for Easton, y* it was very disagreeable to His 
Majesty and His Ministry, y* those People shon'd medle in or ap* 
pear in such numbers, as they had lately done, at Indian Treatya. 

This seeming Contempt of y* G^V* Caution to them, indueed us 
ft several others to suspect y^ their coming there in such Crowds 
must be w*^ some other view than Curiosity, or to deliver y* Pre- 
sent y* Quakers intended to make y* Indians at y* T*)^, w^ we ap- 
prehended might have been done as well by a few. ' And we having 
been previously told by y* Gov" Secretary, y' y* Gov' ft he had 
been inform'd by M'.jTaylor, y Ironmaster at Durham, (at whose 
House they lay in their way to Easton) y* at y« former TV in Nov', 
17*56, he Imd seen y' Q" very busy amongst y« Indians, & had heard 
them tell y Indians y* y Prop" had cheated them of some of their 
Lands, ft urge them very warmly to complain of it, we therefore 
determined to take more than ordinary Notice of their Behaviour, 
w** (as y* Subscriber, Lardner, was one of y» Gov* Council, ft all 
of us generally, dined ft supped w^ y* Gov', ft were very much at 
his Lodgings during all y' Tr% and we all lodged at M'. Rinker's, 
y Shrifb, where y ♦Prov^ Commies'* & Ass^ men, ft s:v' Q~, who 
attended y« T^' lodg'd) we had a good opportunity to do. 

From y« best Observations y' we cou'4 make of y« numbers of y* 
Q" at y* B* T*^, we lookt upon them to be at' least 5 or 6 for one of 
any other Society, eiclusive of y* Gov* Council ft Clerks, y* Prov* 
Comiss" ft Assr men, y« Interpreters. & y" Detaohm" of Soldiers 
ft their Officers attending on y* Gov, ft excepting y^ at y« Opeaing 
ft Close of y<> public Conferences, ft some few extraordinary Days 
when many People came out of y« Country, from Curiosity, we 

That most of y* Preachers ft Prindpal men of the Q" came to 
See Vol. II., p. 62^-65. 


SMton alnosfe as moq a§ y €k)f % ft we a&w toiV early sevenl of 
Uiem io oIom Conferenees w^ Teedjnseiuig ft hw Interff , Pnm]^ 
shhre, (who oou'd both speak tokrable good BDglish) before j* Pab* 
lie Confer^ began between y Got' ft y« Ind», ft we obeorr'd y* 
Ted : ft hk s* Int^ eame very often to oar Lod^* at y" Shiffesy ft went 
up stairs to consnlt (as we nndersiood) ft hold Conferenees with 
M'. Norris, Speaker, ft some other Assi^ men, ft with j* H^s of 
J* Q", ft some of y Comiss'*, for j* Sabseriberi LEurdncr, ft M'. Mif« 
flin, tho' Comiss'" yet being of y Qov" Conneil were seldom or 
ever ealled by their Brethren to, nor wore present at their meet- 
iDgSy ft never when y« Indians were with them. And it was observe 
able y^ Is^ Pemberton ft Jos. Gralloway^ one of y« Ass^men^ were 
remarkably bosy, ft in frequent close Confor<>** w*^ Teedynscuog ft 
his Si* Interpreter, jast before ft at y time when Teedynsoung ft y* 
Comiss'* for him, insisted on y« Gov* allowing him to have a Clerk 
of bis own, [In oonsequenoe whereof M'. Thompson, y« Master of 
the Public Q*" School at Philad", was fixtupon by him ft his Advisers 
for his Clerk :] And so in like manner upon most other extraordi- 
nary Occasions daring y« Course of y* Conferences. 

That vetj early of y* Treaty, & after we had observed y* Q" so 
very busy amongst j« Indians, ft y^ iJuany new Shirts, ft a great deal 
of Silver ft other Trinkets had been distributed to the King ft his 
Queen, ft many others, of y* Indians, by y« Q" ft Comiss'*, [for y* 
Gov" or any body else, but y« Q" ft ye Junto of Assi'men ft Co- 
miss'*, who were not of the Gov* Council, were permitted to have 
any thing to do w*^ y* Goods intended for y* Presents,] we per- 
ceived a very remarkable Distinction made by y" Indians between 
Or* and y* Gent* of y* Gov" Council, ft others who appeared in his 
Keiinne, or whom they understood not to be of y« Q' Pty : For 
when we usM to meet Indians any where in y* Streets, or in our 
Evening Walks after Business, they woud generally accost us w^ 
this Qi^tion in their broken English — Are you a Quaker, a Qua- 
ker — and if we answered No, they wou'd frown ft look very stern 
ft illoalur'd upon us, and say we were bad Man — bad Man— Gov" 
Man I But If we answer'd in y* Affirmative, (as we did some times 
to try them) y^ we were Q" they woud smile ft carress us, ft call as 
Bro", ft say we were good Men — Quaker good Men— Gov" Men 
baA^ Men — good for ttothiue ; And on y« that matter 

was carry'd so far, y* y* Indiaus having taken amiss y* Gov* not 
speaking to them that Afternoon, tho' he was ready to meet them, 
bat was prevented by y* King's Interp**, coming purposely to ac- 
quaint him y* y* K'g was drunk and not fit to be spoke to that 
day, yet some of y« Young lodians blackt themselves as for War 
and loaded their Guns, w^ alarming y* W*hite People, many of them| 
went to y* riotous Indians and endeavour'd to quel ft disarm them, 
but they wou'd suffer nobody to do it till y* Q" came, ft to them 
they immediately submitted, ft delivered up their Arms as readily 
ft submissively as common Soldiers wou'd to their Officers. And 


M'. Hamilton & M'. Ohew, two of y (Jov~ CouncB, happening to 
be at or near y« plaoe where y b*^ Tamnlt arose, a Tonng Indian, 
who was blackt, was seen to follow them & to present his Gun at M^ 
Hamilton, as he was returning baek into y Town, but before he had 
fired some person, interposed, sciz'd him & wrested his Gun from 
him, w*^^, on examination, was fonnd loaded w*^ Powder & a chaw'd 
Bullet — ^Tho' this Toung Indian was j* K'g Teedyuscung's Son, 
yet it was not judg'd proper to take any other Notice of y' AfiiEur 
than to double y« Sentrys. 

It wou'd be endless to enumerate the particular Times of our see- 
ing y« Q" in these close Conferences w^ y** Indians, & we can only 
say in general y* for once y* y« Indians eame to consult or speak to 
ye Qoyor^ except in public, & when he invited them to dine w*^ him, 
we saw them at least 20 times w^ y« Q" Ay* s' Junto of Ass^men & 

But y« Q^ seem'd always so industriously careful to guard ag* 
our discovering what passed between them & y« Indians, y* we cou'd 
never learn any thing they sayd to them, only what we cou'd in 
general gather ft'Om whatwe heard sayd, over and over by M'. Cro- 
ffhan, His Maties Deputy Agent, and M'. Weiser, & y* other Eog- 
lish Interpreters, who had occasion frequently to go amongst k con- 
verse with y« Indians, to wit, y* if y« Q» had stay'd at home & not 
intermeddled in y Treaty, enflamed the Indians, & puKled & per- 
plexed matters as they did, a Peace wou'd have been settled w^ y* 
Indians, & y« Treaty happily concluded w*^ them in 3 or 4 days at 
least afiber it began. And upon y« whole, it dearly appeared to us 
yt yc Qrf iigd gain'd ye entire possession of y« Indians, & y' they 
were, during y whole Treaty, solely under y« Influence, Direction 
& Management of y« Q" & y« s* Junto of Assymen & Comisa", and 
not to have y* least Confidence in or regard for y» Gtov", as they 
show'd on many occasions in j* Course of y? Treaty. 

WM. PETEfftS, 

Note.— We, W-. Peters & Jacob Dnch6, in one of our Walks 
meeting an Indian dressed in a remarkable plain manner, w*^ a broad 
fiat Hat, like a Q', we askt him if he was a (^, & he smiling, answered 
Yes, Yes, I a Quaker now — but when I go away I — ^Indian agafb — 
or to y effect. 

W. P. 
J. D. 
Note. — I W". Peters, on y* , saw Teedyuscung & his s* 

Interp', conducted by a Q' into a back Room, detacht from y Ta- 
I vem, where we were told Israel Pemberton (who appear'd to us to l>e 
y« most busy & active of all y« Q") lodg'd, & was soon after fol- 
lowed by 5 or 6 of y* Heads of y« Q**, and they stay'd there to- 
gether for a considerable time. W. P. 


Conrad Weisee to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Beadiog, October ih^ first, 1757. 
Hononred Sir : 

I arrived this morning at this place^ and the inclosed letter was 
presented to me; as I am m a hurry to go home I^end it as it is. Cap- 
tun Oswald upon hearing the Distress the people abont Nord Kill wer6 
ID sent Imediatlj two Lieuten^' with 40 private men, to their assistance, 
vbich gained him the Esteem and love of his town's people. «I can 
not describe the Consternation the people are in, in these parts. I 
bumble intreat jour Honour to pity our Cause and give orders that 
tbe men belonging to thr first Battalion of Pennsil** Regiment, now 
at Fort Augusta, may all return to their proper or former Stations. 
When this present trouble is over I will very gladly send a rein- 
forcement again either to Fort Augusta or wherever your Honour 
please is. It is certain that the eniray is numerous on our Fron- 
tiers, and tbe people are coming away very fast, so that the Forts are 
left to themselves with the men in them, but no mdre neighbours 
about them. I hope your Honour will pity our Cause. 
I am, 
Honanred Sir, 

Your very obedient & 

Most humble Servant, 


To the Honourable William Denny, Esquire, 

Governor of Pennsylvania, 


Extract of a Letter from Mr. Bartrbm Galbrbaxh, 


Extract of a Letter from Mr. Bartrem Galbreatb at Hunter's Fort, 
dated 1« Octob', 1757 : 

<' Notwithstauding the happy Situation .we thought this place was 
''io on Captain Bussee's being stationed here, wc nave had a man 
''killed & scalped this Evening, within twenty rods of Hunter's 
'' Bam. We all turned out, but nigCt coming on so soon we could 
" make no purauit. We have advice from Fort Henry by Express 
''to Cap^ Boflsee that the Indians are seen in large Bodies, 60 


Lord Loudoun to Qov. Denny, 1767, 

New "York, October 2*, 1757. 


At yoar dosire, I have sent this by Lieutenaiit Meyer, who will 
receive yoar Commands in relation to any works yon purpose Carry* 
ine on, and give what other assistance Yon may require. 

I had a letter from Lieutenant Colpnel Haldiman, who is a very 
ffood ^udge of Barracks ; he has thrown out a thought to me which 
1 think will be proper to mention to you, altho' I know very well 
the difficulty you have with the people you have to do with, and 
from thence it may possibly be of no use. 

In the first place, he thinks you might have a better plan for yoar 
Barracks ; in the second, he disapproves of the place where they are 
to be situated; the only reason he gives ip^ that he thinks tbej 
should be so situated, that in case of need, there might be a possi- 
bility of throwing up an Entrenchment round them ; from whenot 
it occurs to me, that in case you should have any thought^ of makiog 
a Fort hereafter by the Town you ought to benefit of those Barracks 
so as to build them where you propose to have the Fort, by which 
you will have so much of your Work ready done, without creatiog 
an additional Ezpence. 

The thought can do you no harm, altho' I foresee, that probably, 
in the first place, all the Ground near the Town is granted away, and 
in the second, the Province will build those Barracks, with a view to 
turn them after the War is over, either to Storehouses or a Manu- 

As the season is so far advanced I do suppose you will not be able 
to finish your Barracks this Season, and it will be of the less Conse- 
quence, as by my present plan for Quartering, I do propose, in ease 
some Motion of the Enemy do not a|ter my disposition, to have the 
greatest part'of the Troops I send into your Province quartered in 
the back Settlements, in Reading, Lancaster and York, in order to 
Cover them from any inroads of the Enemy or Indiana, which I 
think will be an essential Service to your Province; so that I 
imagine one Battalion will be as much as I shall send to the Town 
of Philadelphia; but as to this, I shall give you an account of my 
final resolution as soon as I get to Albany. 

In the meantime I must beg you will give Orders to have the 
Beads repaired, as there is no carrying on Operations in any Country 
without them, and let the necessity be what it will the Country can- 
not be relieved till that is done, nor can any ofiensive measure be car- 
ried on till they are repaired, which when delayed till the measures 
are to be Executed, must give the Enemy notice of your Designs; 
therefore I must beg you will sett about them this foil. 

I am afraid the Rutts in tl^e Road from Philadelphia to Lancaster 


an r$Fj ioep, so that th^ afe bat dly to be repaired witbovt entling 

And that theie is twelyea miles ob the other aide the sign of the 
WaggoD, whidi leads oyer the Moimtaiii8| whieh waats a great deal 
of repair. 

The Croai Bead from Lanoaater to Beading wants a great deal of 

There are three Boada leading from Oarliale, the middle one in 
partieolar wants repair thro' the Mountains. 

There is no Bead that leads from Harris's Ferry to Fort Angnsta, 
this is a material point to be Considered, for were it attacked by the 
Eaemy, till yon have a Boad to i^ neither the King's Troope nor 
any other Body of Men eonld mareh to it's Belief, and were the 
Soemy in possession of that place it wonld be a temble thorn in 
your Sides that eonld not be removed till a Bead was out to it. 

I ha?e here mentioned a great many Beads,' bat they lye in dtf> 
fereDt parts of the country, and so will Employ different Setts of 
People, and as they are necessary for the security of the Province, 
I must beg you will give such Orders about them as you see neces- 
sary for keeping up a Communication/and to ena^e'me to support the 
different Poets, that are or may be placed for the defence of His 
Majesty's Dominions, and the protection of His Subjects; And like- 
wise, to enable me to attack the Enemy when occasion requires it. 
I am^ with great Begard, 

Your most obedient 

Humble Servant, ^ 


Chrktiin BtTssB TO Gov. Denny, 1767. 

Hunter's Fort, the 8< Ootober, 1767. 

Hay it Please your Honcmr, 

In my Coming Back from Bainging allong the Fmntears on 
Saturday the first Instant, I Heard that the Day Before, Twelve 
Indians ware seen not fare off from hear, as it was Leat, and not 
kiowing their Further Strenght, I thought Te Oto at Day Bradc 
niKt morning; With as many Soldiers and Battowemen as I eonld 
get. But In a Short Time we Heard A Onn fire oiF, and Bunning 
Deireetly To the spot, fonnd the Dead Boddey of one William 
Martin, Who Went into the Woods To pick up Chestnuts wbene 
the Indians was Lying in ambush. I ordered all tbe men to Run 
into the Woods, and we Baingedtill it Qrew Quite Darkj the Con- 

'SSD .rmvsnjYAmA abuhiv^bs i75r 

iinval Rain that Has Been Sins, Has Hinclfed my followwg ikes; 
there wass a Number of the Inhabitants Came Here To assiik is , 
following them, Bat the Wether prevented. There Ware onLey 3 
Indians on ley Beea By Soma people. Who Waie sitting Before titt 
Dore of Mister Hunter, and they say, that all Was Don In Len 
than four minutes ; that same night, I warned the Inhabitaato to 
Be Upon their Gaards, and In the morning, I Bainged on this side 
ibe mounton the Nixt Bay. But my men Bemg few in Number, 
By Rason of their Being fonrteea of them sick, I Coold Not Be 
Long from the Garrison ; and It seems yet probable To me, tbafc 
there Js Great Numbers of the Enimy Indians on this Eiver. The 
Townships of Pazton and Derry, Have Agreed to Keep a Guard for 
Some Time in the frunteer Houses, from Monaday to Susquahanah, 
and Expects that your Honour will Be pleased to Reinforse this 
Detachment. If thease Townships should Braek up the Gommani* 
eation Between Fort Augusta and the Inhabitants would Be 
Greatley Endaingred. 

I am, With the Greatest Respect, 
Your Honours 
Most Obedient Humble Servant, 



To The Honourable William Dcney, Esq'., Govrnour and Com- 
mander In Chief of the Provance of Pennsylvania. 

Provincial Commissionbhs to Gov. Denny, 1767. 

Philad*., Octob' 3', 1757. 


In answer to Yours of the 23' Ultim**, We beg leave to inform 
yon, that we have ordered the Proposals made to this Board, for 
serving the Western Battalion with Provisions to be hud before yon, 
& that they have not as yet been considered by us. Upon eon- 
eidering the reasonable Expenses of building Fort Loudoun, & that 
it was done by your OrderS| we have agreed to allow the Aoco** now 
before us, whenever the proper Persons shall attend the Board for 
that Purpose. With Regard ^< to the Aeoo** of Expences inonrred 
^< in Consequence of the Offer of Assistance made to this Provinee 
'< by the Cherokees," we cannot help remarking on Colonel Arm- 
strotags Conduct, in presuming to add to the Present agreed on by 
this Board with your Approbation, to be sent to the Cherokeea. 
The Goods sent, were at that Time thought Ky your Honour, the 


Commisaiooers & M'. Croghan, a very generous Present for the 
Services they had done, & sufficient to encourage them to prooeed 
in their Design of assisting us. And we cannot see any Reason to 
give up our Judgments after so solemn a Determination to every 
Person who shall venture to assume to themselves the Authority ot 
the Govemcff & Commissioners in Contradiction to their preceding 
Deterniination, without Consulting either of them. Therefore, as 
the indulgiog M'. Armstrong in this Affair may be an Example to 
indace others to act in the like manner^.we cannot allow his 

Colonel Stanwiz's Account for furnishing Ammunition & other 
Necessaries to the Provincials, will be allowed by the Board as soon 
as kid before us. 

We much approve of your Honours '^ Instructions to M'. Young 
^ to inspect the Ammunition & Stores in every Gari ison/' and to 
give you an Account thereof, together with the manner in which 
they are expended,'' and we should be glad to have them laid before 
DS, as without this we cannot know how the Ammunition is ex- 
pended, nor in what Quantities to supply the Forts. 

As the Troops have been furnished with Blankets at different 
Times, all the Blankets cannot be yet worn out. As soon as we 
receive a state of thein, we shall supply such as may stand in need 
thereof. In the mean Time we shall send up a Quantity to supply 
their immediate Necessities. 

With respect to your Letter of the 28<*> ult«., and the Matters 
therein contained, they are of so much importance to the Com- 
munity, that we shall be glad to confer with your Honour about 
them at any Time or Place you poiay be pleased to appoint, which 
we doubt not, when we consider the advanced season of t)ie Year, 
will be as soon as possible. 

We are, Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble Servants, 


To The Hon*»« William Denny, Esquire. 


Col. John ARMSTRONa to Grov. Denny, 1757. 

Carlisle, 4** October, 1757. 

M^y it please y Hon' : 

Pui^aaiit to your Honours Orders, I have among the Sundry 
Capi* in this Battalion, distributed the Tow hundred pounds Sent 
by the Commissioners, in part for recruiting and filling up of the 
Several Companies, with -able bod/d Men for the Spaoe of three 
Tears or during the War ; and according to Orders, have given to 
each Soldier, so enlisted, the Sum of One Pistole, and to the Officers 
fbr each Recruit, the sum of half a Pistole. 

By the Muster Roles but now taken by the paymaster, your 
Honour will See, that the four hundred pounds, and some more is 
expended in the Recruiting Service, to which, that no let nor hin- 
derance may happen, I have sent Captain Hugh Mercer, who will 
wait of your honour and the Gentlemen Commissioners, with a 
Draft for the residue of the money, giving Credit for the Sum put 
into my hands for the purposes above-mentioned. I hope this Cash 
will be sent by Cap*. Mercer, otherwise the scrvise must certainly 
be retarded. 

Cap*. Mercer ^ill Open to your Honour the affair of Ensign 
Hays, & sundry other things too tedious now to mention. 
I am, Sir, your 

Honours Most Obed*, 

Humb». Serv*, 


To the Honourable William Denny, Esq'., Governor and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania. 

By favour of Cap*. Mercer. 


John Bell to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

To the Honourable WILLIAM DENNY, Esquire, Governor and 
Commander-in-Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, &c. 

May it please your Honour : 

The French Prisoners sent in here in July last, belonging to a 
Privateer called the Swallow, of Cape Francois, are still in Jail, and 
unless they are relieved by the Government, or some other Charity, 
they must soon be in a Starving condition for want of Cloaths, con- 
sidering the inclemency of the approaching season. The Jail keeper 


ezpeeifl Ae Captors will jMy bim their snbBistanoe, wbich they tbiak 
Tery hard, k the Prise the? retook was of small yalae, being a little 
Sloop with Indian Com only, of which they shared one third^ and 
is not Twenty Shillings a man to the Brave fellows that are haxard- 
ing their Lives on board the ship that retook her. Year Honour will 
permit me to observe, that there is a bounty or headmoney in other 
Goremments for bringing in Prisoners belonging to the Enemy's 
Privateersy which if allowed here will defray their expenoes. All 
wbieh are Hambly sabmitted to your Honour^ and I beg leave to 
Bubsorihe myself what I really am, 

Your Honour's 

most ebed* Serv*. 

Ootobcr 4**, 1757. 

Conrad Wbisbr to R. Pbtbrs, 1767. 

Heidleberg, in Berks, Oct' 4, 1757. 

I did not think on the Post till he entered my doors, else I would 
have wrote particularly to the Governor, tho I have ben very Buisy 
with writing to the Comandin^ offioers of the several forte under 
my Oare. It is now Come so urr that murder is Comited allmost 
every day; there never was such a Consternation among the peo' 
pie, they must now leave their houses again, with their Bams full 
of Qrain ; five Children have ben Carried of last Fryday, some days 
before a rick man, killed upon his bed, begged of the Enemy t# 
shoot him through his heart, whioh the Indian answered, I will, 
and did so. A girl, that had hid herself under a Bedsted, in the 
next room, heard all this, two more fhmilies were about that time 
destroyed. Inclosed is the Journal of last month of my Enrign at 
North Kill, Capt. Bussey lies dangerously sick at John Harris. I 
hear he is tired of every thing; I have neither men nor a sufficient 
D'br of officers to defend the Country. If his Honour would be 
pleased to send orders for to recall all the men belonging to my 
Jkttalion^ from fort Augusta, he would justly bring upon him the 
blegsing of the most high. I can not say no more. I think me- 
eelfe unhappy, to fly with my family in this time of danger I eant 
do. ' I must stay, if they all go. I am now preparing to go to fort 
Henry, where I shall meet some officers to consult with, what may 
be best to be done. I have ordered ten men, with the Govemore 
last orders, to fort Augusta ; I shall overtal^ them this Evening at 
fort Henry, and give them proper instruction. For Oods sake, dear 
Sire, beg of the Governor, press it upon him in my behalf, and in 
behalf of tbis distrest inhabitants^ to order my men back from fort 


Angasta I will give my reason afterwards, that I am in the righl 
I Gonolude with mj hamble respeots to his Hoooar, 
And remain, Kind Sir, 

Your most humble Servant, 

Excuse my hurry. 


On his Majestys Service-«-To Richard Peters, Esquire, Secretary 
to the Government; in Philadelphia. 

Pktition op Inhabitants of Northampton County, 1767, 

To the Honourable the Governor and General Assembly, &c. 

The Petition of the back Inhabitants, viz*., of the Township of Le- 
high, situate between Allenstown, and the Blue mountains; in the 
county of Northampton, 

Most humbly Sheweth : 

That the said Township for a few years past has been^ to your 
knowledge, ruined and distroyed by the murdering Indians. 

That since the late Peace the said inhabitants returned to their 
several and r^pective Plaoes of abode, and some of them have re- 
built their Houses and Outhouses, which were burnt. 

That since the new murders were oommitted some of thesaid in- 
habitants diserted their Plantations, and fled in the more improved 
Part^ of this Province, where they remain. 

That unless your Petitioners get Assistance from you, your Peti- 
tioners will be reduced to Poverty. 

That the District in which your petitioners dwell contains 20 miles 
in Length and eight miles in Breadth, which is too eztenaive for 
your Petitioners to defend, without you assist with some Foroes. 

That your Petitioners apprehend it to be necessary for their De- 
fence that a Boad be cut along the Blue mountains, through the 
Township afores^ and that several Guard Houses be built along this 
said Road, which may be accomplished with very little Cpst. 

That there are many inhabitants in the said Township who have 
neither Arms nor Ammunition, and who are too poor to provide 
themselves therewith. 

That several Indians keep lureking about the Blue mountains who 
pretend to be Freinds, and as several People have late^ been capti- 
vated thereabouts, we presume it must be by them. 

May it, therefore^ Please your Honours to take our deploreable 
Condition in Consideration, and grant us Men and Ammunition, 
that we may thereby be enabled to defend our selvesj-our Proper- 



iiM^ aoi ibo LiTes of o«r Wif60 aod OkiMren, Or grant euoh other 
Relief in the Premises as to you shall seem meet» and yonr Peti* 
tioneiBi as in Duty bound, will ever pray. 

' Forks of Delaware, Oct' 5% 1757. 

Peter Barber, 
Jftoob Bnchman, 
Jacob All man, sen'. 
Jacob Aliman, j'. 
Adam Freisbach, 
Jacob Bricker, 
Mickael Keppel, • - 
Peter Dell, 
Joha Kannady, 
William Kannady, 
William Boyd, 
Jacob MnsselmaD, ' 
Jaoob lietheraoh, 
Henry Frederick, 
William Best, 
Jaeob Haag, 
Geo: Haag, 
William Detter, 
l^ioh* Schneider, 
Geo: Acker, 
Jacob Fry, 
Martin Siegel, 
Christ'arb Andreas, 
Bath^ Rivel, 
George Altmar, 
Jacob Altmar, 
Bernard Knots, 
Bernard Rciss, 
Samuel Pern, 
Jean Pier, 

George Wanneroacher, 
Valentine Waldman, 
John Fried, 
Joat Treisbach, 
Fred: Altimus, 
Philip Tromm, 
John Schlegel, 
Henry Schubp, 

Fred: Nagel, 
Christian Miller, 
Christian Laffer, 
Henry Beck, 
Nich* Schneider, 
Peter Schopffell, 
William Beck, 
Henry Diehl, 
John Bethold, 
John Remberry, 
John Dorn, 
Fred: Eissen, 
James Hatchinson, 
James Rankin, 
Paul Flick, 
Peter Walcker, 
Nich- Fall, 
Adam Kramler, 
Henry Latter, 
Nicholas Roth, 
Nich* Heil, 
Simon Trumm, 
Henry Licnd, 
John Detter, 
Adam Marsh, 
Peter Eissenman, 
Peter Anton, 
Oeorge Mover, 
John Scheier, 
John Gross, 
Christopher Feuchtnei, 
Conrad Geisly, 
Jacob Rropff, 
Jacob Roth, 
Jacob Death or Rodt, 
Henry Flach, 
Henry Creutz, 
Michael Rieb, 
Bimon Triesbach. . 

These are to certify, thai we have impowered Frederick Eissen to 
l^ve in this, our Petition, to the Honour*^ the Governor and the 


The fortgohiff and within wridog wm iraadated ftom tbe Qmtm 
Paper WritiDff oereto annexed, by me. 


Timothy Horsbfibld to Gov. Dbnnt, 1757. 

Maj it Please your Honour^ 

At my Return home I waited on Teedyusctr^ with yoar Hononr^s 
Complements and Inform'd him that in a very short time the Go- 
vernor would write and give him an answer to the several matters 
he expected, he made me but little answer but scem'd satisfied. 
Untill yesterday he came and Inform'd me he Intended to take 
another Indian with him and go to Phila% I endeavoured as also 
Mr. Edmonds did all we could to Disswade him from going, but it 
vain, he was Determine to go, which I am very for, being senoeable 
he will not only be a troublesome Guest Jbut bring Charge on the 

The Brethren have been so kind to send Mr. Edmonds (who is 
much wanted in his buisenness) to Conduct him downe. Mr. Ed- 
monds Informd me that when I was in Philada, Teedyuscung had 
been iiith him several times, and talkt about what he had sent to 
the Governor, as Mr. Edmonds will be present, I beg Leave to refer 
you to him for the particulars of what Teedyuscung said. 
I am with all Due Respect, 

Your Honours most obedient 

HuQible Servant, 


Bethlehem, Oof 6, 1757- 


(On His Majesty's Service,) To the Honourable William Denny, 
Esquire^ Governor of the Province of Pensylvania. 

Obdbrs found on a Fbbnch Cadet, 1757. 

Coppy of Orders that were found in the Pocket of a French Cadei 
who was killed near Fort Cumberland the 7th Octob', 1757. 

De Ligneris, Chevalier de L'ordre Rbyal & Militaire de Si Ijow 
Capitaine d'une Compagnie de Troupes detaches de la Marine Com- 
mandant du fort Duquesne & le Dep^ndances. 


n est ordonne au Gbevigny Cadet dans les Troupes d^ Partis in- 
eessamment de oe Fort avec le Detachment dont sons loi avons 
doDoe le Commandement poor aller frapper snr le Enemis & exami- 
ner aveo Attention si le Anglais ne font point de Movemens soit 
poorvener snr le Bords de la Belle Riviere soit pour faire quel<).ii^ 
Eotrepris ponr la Campagne proohaine. £t suppose qa'il fasse de 
Prisoniera il impecbera que le Sauvages de son Detachement n'exer- 
cent a lenr Egard Aucune Croaute Fait ; au Fort Duquesne le 24 th 
Sept. 1757. 


Pkovincial Commissionbbs to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Philada, October 7th, 1757. 


As jon have not been pleased to fevoar us with a Conference on 
Hatters of the utmost Importance we think it our Duty to offer your 
EoQDur to draw an Order on the Trustees payable to some Person 
for purchasing of Indian Goods, to be stationed at Augusta in order 
to supply the Indians with Goods and Necessaries, until you can 
agree with the Assembly to put the Indian Trade on a better 

John Carson, a Person well acquainted with the Trade and the 
Indians, has offered his Service ; if agreeable to you, the Goods may 
be immediately purchased and transported thithor, the Trade carried 
on, & the Indians supplied & satisfied. 
We are Sir, 

Your most humble Servants, 

Job. Galloway, 
Wm. Masters, 
JoBN Batnton, 
Jon. Hughes. 

To The Hon"' William Denny, Esquire. 


Richard Peters to John Hughes, 1757. 

Philadelphia, 10th October, 1757. 

After yon had perused the Draught of the Commission appointing 
yourself, Mr. Shippen and Mr. Oalbreath, Commissioners to con- 
struct a Fort and convenient Houses at Wiomink, for the protection 
and Habitation of the Indians agreable to their request in the Tiestj 
at Easton; and after his Honour had agreed on your recommenda- 
tion of Mr. Charles Beaty to insert his Name in the said Commission, 
you desired me to acquaint the &oyemor that yon still continued to 
itisist on the Terms mentioned to him, vizt, that the Forces ordered 
to escort the Commissioners and to assist in carrying on the Works, 
as well as all other Persons employed therein, shoud be put under 
your sole Command independent of any other Person. 

I have accordingly acquainted the Governor with this and have 
received his directions to return you for answer that he oond not 
have believed when you came to consider seriously of the unreason- 
ableness as well as absurdity of this Demand, you woud have con- 
tinued to insist upon it in so peremptory a manner, and that he will 
not consent to put the Forces or any of the Persons employed ia 
those Works under any other than the joint Command of the Gen- 
Uemon to be commissioned with you for that Service. 
I am Sir, _ 

Your humble Servant, 


Directed, — Mr. John Hughes.' 

- Col. Stanwix to R. Peters, 1757. 

Camp near Carlisle, Oct' 10**, 1757. 
Good Sir : 

Your obliging letter on the hon' done me by thb Country is very 
acceptable ; wish it may be in my power to be of any use as I am 
sure my inclinations is very warm for their servica. What time we 
shall finish this campaign Lord Loudoun can only tell, & believe I 
shall here from him soon, and probably may then have his distribu- 
tion of the Winter quarter for the Troops. As to ^the Copy of At- 
kins's long Pieces, pray hurry not yourself, they will keep cold. 
My compliments attend the Governor, k Believe, very sincerely, 



* Referred to Colon. Rec. Vol. VII. p. 764. See answer. 


Johh'Hughbss to Rioh*d Pbtbrs, 1757. 


I Rec* your Favour of Yesterday,* and miut obserre that I never 
made bnt Tiro Reqneets of his Honour, vis : I first desired if his 
HoDoar Pleased that the Reverend Mr. Charles Beaty might be 
joJDed in the Commiseion with us, Because the other Gentlemen 
were Intire Strangers to me; And Secondly, I Let his Honour 
Know that Unless he Thought Proper to give me the Command of 
the Provincial Troops appointed for that Service I would not go in- 
to the Enemy's Country ; But I did not Expect nor Request that 
all others Imployed on that Service should be under my Command, 
Neither Do I believe the Governor has Power to put the freemen of 
the Province under Military Command, but by an Act of Assembly, 
And therefore I Request the favour of You to Let his Honour know 
that without the Command of the Soldiers on that Service I cannot, 
Dor irill not, Go to Wioming. And I cannot Agree that it is Either 
Unreasonable or Absurd to have such a Command, there being in 
mj Opinion no Instance of four Officers in the same Troop or Com- 
panj of Soldiers without any Degree of Superiority, Because if they 
were all of the same Rank, Yet the Date of their Commissions 
would Give the Command to some one or other of them, jpd if it 
were not so the whole would be anarchy & Confusion. 
I am. Sit, 

Your Humble Ser^^ 


Philadelphia, Octob' ye 11% 1767. 

To Mr. Richard Peters. 

CoL. John ABMsmoNa to Gov. Dbnny, 1757. 

CarUsle, OotoV 11% 1757. 
Honoured Sir : 

Your fevour of the 7«* Inst, is come to hand. Pm Obliged to 
to your hon' for making out the Commissions necessary to this Bat- 
talioD, and doubt not in some accidental Conversation but I might 
have ^p'd something of Mr. Lyon's resignation, 'Which must have 
been owing to my Own Objections to his personal appearance, and 
nothing else, but I find upon tryal some Officers prove better and 
some worse than expectation. 

« See page 288. 
Vol. m.— 13 


The men being now paid, and there acc^ Settled, I am at the in- 
stance of the people, and by Oolo^ Stanwix's approbation, Scatte^ 
ing the Men in Small parties along the Frontiers, in order to Cover 
and assist (such of the Inhabitants as inclines thereto) in Sowing 
some Winter Com, and in taking in a late part of their Spring 
Crop, viz : Indian Com & Bnck-wheat, and am this day agping to 
Shippensburgh to make the distributions Westward. 

I shall immediately put in execution your honor's Orders in 
regard of the new Company in York County, which can oonTeniently 
be done by an express from Fort Morris. 
I am. Sir, Your Honour's 

Most obed^ and most 

Humble Serv*, 

Governor Denny. 

Directed, ' 

To the Honourable William Denny, Esq"*., 

Grovernor and Commander in Chief of the 

Province of Pennsylvania, 


James Hyndshaw to Gov, Denny, 1757. 

May it please Your Honour : 

I beg leave to Acquaint your Honour I have now in my Company 
Seventy-two Men, Several of which is yet on the one Ytor's Enlist- 
ment, and of the Company of the late Cap^ Van Etten, and many 
of them has had no pay this Ten Months, and Several of them not 
fit for the three Years' Enlistment, and to discharge them without 
paying them off seemeth hard. 

I have, and please your Honour, but four Guns fit for Service 
belonging to the Province, and have but Eight Blankets that is 

I beg your Honour would be pleased to Consider me, and Grant 
me a Supply of Arms and Blankets as soon as possible, and if your 
Honour thinks proper, I think it highly necessary that every Man 
should have a good CuUash and Cartridge Box ; it would be also 
necessary to have four good Watch Coats for the Centinels \p put 
on when they stand their Posts, as the Season of the year is growing 

I beg leave to Acquaint your Honour, that We are Dayly Alarmed 
'here by our Savage Enemy, the Indians, who are Continual a Haris- 
ing us, by Killing and Carrying off Horses and Cattle, and I am 


but very poorly provided to foUoir them fkr inko tbo Woods ; Prtyt 
Idenre yoor Honour's Speedy AssistaDoe, and Wishing your Hoaour 
good H^ih, I beg leave to Sttbsoribe my Self 

Your Hononr's most Obedient and 

Moat Humble Servant 


October the lltb, 1757. 

To the Honourable William Denny, Esq', 
Govemour and Commander-in-Chief of the Provine of Penn- 
sylvania and the Countys of New Castle, Kent; and Sussex^ on 
Delaware; and Captain General of the Same. 

Major James Robebtson to Gov, Denny, 1757. 

New York, Oct. 12th, 1757. 


Having layd a letter of Lieut. Brigatocks before the Earl of Lou- 
doan, by which it appears that Magnus Watson, Master of the 
Darsley (jalley, and Abercrombie, Master of the Peggy^ are 

endeavouring to defraud the publick, and this in a way His Lordship 
thinks contemptuous to himself and those he has appointed to take 
eare of the branch relating to transports, has commanded me to 
acquaint your Excellency with the case, and in his name to beg the 
assistance of your authority to prevent and punish the intended 

The Masters of. the several transport Ships haveing represented 
that tbcy could not purchase utensils, such as bowls, platters, &c., 
for the Soldiers to be put on board their several transports, Unless 
they were allowed necessary money, which i& a halfpenny English a 
day for every man victualled by them. His Lordship was pleas'd to 
order four months' necessary to be advanced to each Ship Master, for 
the namber of men according to the full tunnage of his Ship he might 
be supposed to take on board. When the Ships were discharged, 
each Master received a Certificate from the Commanding Officer of 
the number of men that had been Victualled, and the number of 
days they had been Victualled for ; And all the Masters either re- 
ceived from or payd to me the ballance of this acco^ excepting the 
two above-men tion'd The Dursley galley was overpay 'd 18 10 11, 


NewTork Ourrenoy, and the Peggy 26 12 9. I told these Haaten 
that I wou'd aUow them foartoen daya neeeaaary money for the men 
they were to carry to Philadelphia ; and settled with them that tfaej 
were to pay the remainder of the above ballances to the person 
appointed by me to receive it. They were several times apply'd to 
for the performance of their promises, which they always renew'd, 
bat slnnk away without paying the money. I s^nt their acco** to 
Lieut. Brigstook, and desired him to apply for the ballances, and 
in case this should be refused, desired be might acquaint you, and 
beg that you might not grant a certificate of the time of their arrival, 
till the money was payd. 

The Earl of Loudon has, therefore. Commanded me, with His 
Compliments to your Excellency, to beg that you will give these 
Masters no Certificate, till they have taken the trouble to pay the 
ballances of necessary money here to me ; and in case you have 
already given Certificates, that you will use your authority to induce 
these Masters to do Justice to the publick ; and in Case they refuse, 
take the necessary measures to compel them by law, at Hia Lord- 
ship's Ezpence. 

Wages are due by Henry Ash, Master of the Concord transport, 
to two pressed sailors, Valentine & Martin Mancills, whichr Lord 
Loudon took the trouble to write to the Master to pay, threatening to 
write to the Navy office to atop the payment of the bills that had 
been granted on that board. His Lordship beggs you will, by your 
authority, or if necessary by law, compel Ash to do these men Justice; 
Do me the honour to acquaint me, If the Masters continue to have 
the insolenfce to deny doing Justice to the publick after your inter- 
position, that I may send an acco* of the proceeding to the Navy 
Office, and Stop the payment of their bills. 

I have the honour of being, Sir, 

Yonr Excellency's Most OV Serv* 


Acting Deputy<J' M' OeneraL 

To his Excellency Goremor Denny, 
' Philadelphia. 



Account ov Jamks Burd aoairst Tbctuscuno, 1757. 

Capt* John Tedyonskonk to James Bard, 

for Neoesatrys fi» 

niiih'd bim. 



Oct. 15. To one Begementall Coat, . . 
one Odd laced hf tt & Cockaid; 

. jE3 

15 — 

1 p' Shoes, 

. — 76 

r Check Shirt, 

— 12 ~ 

1 Raffled Shirt, 

. 1 15 — 

1 plain do. for his Wife, 

— 15 — 

1 Cotten handk' . 

. — 16 

1 p' britches. 

— 16 — 

1 p' linnen do. . 

. — 6 — 

1 Riffle Gun, 


1 y* Scarlett Shallown for Coll™ 

. — 4 — 

IJ y" half thicks for leggings. 

— 6 6 

1 English pipe Tomahawk, 

. — 12 — 

1 p' buckles, 

— 1 6 

15 2 — 

CoKKAB Wkisbr TO GoT. Dbnnt, 1757. 

Honoured Sir : 

According to my last* I went up to John Harris's Ferry to visit 
Captain Buss^^ where I foulTd him in a very poor Condition, but be 
told me he was much better than he had been the day before; and 
after about two Hours Conversation; he went to Hunter's Fort by 
Water, though against my Advice^ as he had Lieut* Philip Marsloff 
with him, and Ensign Kern by my Order (not knowing that Mars* 
loff was there) was come up to wait on the Captain^ &o. Kern had 
^ but an half an hour to stay when he was order'd by me to follow the 
Captain by Land, with an Escort of four men of the Battalion under 
mj Command. Before he sat off he informed me that on the 12th 
Instant, a French Deserter or Spy eame down the Hill near Fort 
Henry, and made towards Deitrick Six's house, which the Gentry 
of the Fort observing, acquainted the Commanding Officer of the 
Fort thereof, who sent an Officer and two Soldiers to seize and bring 
him into the Fort, which was accordingly done. I order'd, by Ex- 
press, my Son Samuel, who commanded at the Fort on Sweetara, to 
march with a ranging party with all possible Speed and Care, and 
take the said Prisoner and convey him safe down to my House in 
Heidelbergj where he arrived safe with the prisoner about noon yes- 

• See page 288. 


terday. I ezamin'd the Prisoner bj suoh an Interpreter as I oould 

fet, but thought fit to bring him down hither to hare a more fall 
izamination by the Assistance of Capt^ Oswald and Mr. James Read, 
«nd accordingly came here with him last night. _ The paper enclosed 
and a Fusee were found in his Possession. The Examination I left 
to Captain Oswald and Mr. Read, who will transmit a fair Copy to 
your Honour. As I've no Men to spare in this dangerous Time, 
and Cap* Oswald hath been so kind as to offer a Party of the Regu- 
lars Under his Command here to guard the Prisoner to Philadelphia, 
I have accepted of his Offer, and accordingly put him into Custody 
of the Ouanl appointed by the Captain^ which I hope will not be 
disagreeable to your Honour. 
I am, 

Honoured Sir, 

Your most humble Servant. 

Reading, October the 16, 1757. 


To the Honourable William Denny, Esq', 

li^ Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania, 

and Territories, at Philadelphia. 


Chauvignbbib, Junior, 1757, 

Bom in Canada, aged about eighteen Years, before L^ Colonel 
Conrad Weiser, and James Read, Esquire, Two of His Majesty's 
Justices of the Peace of the County of Berks, in the Province of 
Pennsylvania; and Thomas Oswald, Esquire, Captain of a Company 
in the Royal American Regiment, commanding at the Camp in 
Reading, aforesaid, the Sixteenth Day of October, in the Year of 
Our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Fifty-Seven. 

Present also. Lieutenant Brigstock, Ensign Shaw & Ensign Hart| 
of the said Regiment. 

The Questions put by Colonel Weiser, and together with the 
Answers interpreted by Capt. Oswald, M'. Read, and M'. Shaw. 

* This is meant of his last Expedition, it not being known at the Time of 
putting this Question that th^ Ezaminant had been on any Other, as it after- 
wards, in his Answer to the 10th Question, appears he had been. There are 
several other Questions which seem to be abruptly introduced, but as seTend 
other Pieces of Intelligence will attend this Examination, whleh will shew 
the Reasons of them and render them intelligible, it is not thought proper to 
detain the Examinant, who is not in a good State of Health, long on Lis 


Qoestion Ist — ^What PriBonera did yon meet on your Expedition 
into this Conn trey J 

Anawer. — ^One man and two Women, the Eldest Woman abont 
twenty Years old, and the Other a little Younger, whom I took to 
be Sisters. I believe they were all English. 

Qaestion 2d.' — Where did yon meet them, and how long after you 
left Fort Machanlt? 

Answer. — I cannot say where; bill I left Fort Machanlt the 11th 
September last, and met them about eighteen Days after^ and before 
I pasfl'd the River Snsquebannab. 

.. Qaest. 3. — How long after you met the Prisoners did you pass 
Snsquehannah T 

Ans. — I cannot remember. 

Qnest 4. — ^In how many Days after your passing Susquehantoa 
did you make any Prisoners ? 

Ana. — Three Days after passing Susquehanna we took five 
Children. ^ 

Qaest. 5. — How many Days after your making these Prisoners 
did You continue with your Party ? 

Ans. — Five Days/ and then I lost them. 

Quest. 6. — How long did you remain alone in the Woods after- 

Ans. — Sevexi, Days. But I may have forgot a Day, as I was in 
great Distress.* 

Quest. 7. — ^What was the Name o'f the other French man who . 
was of your Party ? 

Ans. — Le Jardin. I don't know his Christian Name. 

Quest. 8. — What Indian Chief, besides Maconse, was with You? 

Ans. — La Grande Terrc, who was the Indian Commander, Ma« 
conse being a Guide for Us. Maconse has a Brother in this Part 
of the Countrey. 

Quest 9. — Who commanded the Party which you met with 
Prisoners as you came down ? 

Ans — I don't know. 

Quest. 10. — Was you ever on another Expedition into this Pro- 
vince ? 

Ans. — About four Months ago I came with Seven Indians under 
my Command on this Side Susquehanna, and having pass'd two 
Mountains, they kill'd and Scalp'd a Man, by his Dress I took him 
to be a German ; and soon after I was coming again into the samo 
Part of the Countrey with five Indians, but being lamed they con- 
concealed me on the Way at a small Indian Town on Susquehanna, 
lest I should be taken. They continued their Journey, and five 
Bays after return'd to me with two German Children, Prisoners, a 
Boy and Girl, about Twelve or Thirteen Years of Age. 

Quest. 11. — How many Captives has your Father at his Fort, 
who are Servants to him ? 

* See his letter to his father in French, p. 829. 


Ads. — ^Three. Two were presented to him bj, and one he boogbt 
of, the Indians. He had two others, One of whom he bought, and 
the other was presented to him. These two he has sent to Mont Real 
The Indians have a yery great Number of Prisoners, But they can 
scarce be prevailed with to part with any of them. 

Quest 12.— What Sort of Fort is Machault ? 

Ans.— It is a Fort of Wood, fili'd up with Earth. It has Bas- 
tions and Six Wall-Pieces, or Swivel Guns; and the whole Works 
take up about two Acres of Qreund. 

Quest. 13. — What Namber of Begular Soldiers, Canadians, and 
Indians, is there at that Fort ? 

Ans. — Fifty Regulars, k forty Canadians. No Indians are there, 
but pass & repass to and from a little Town thay have about Seven 
Leagues West from Fort Maohault, eall'd Ticastoroga ; They are of 
the Tribe of the Wplf. 

Quest. 14. — How many Men are at Niagara? 

Ans. — Two Battalions. 

Done at Reading, the 16th Day of October, Anno Domini, 1757. 
Before Us, 


We, the Subscribers, were present at the foregoing Examination.* 


Indorsed. — "Examination of Michael Chauvignerie, Junior, a 
French Officer, who surrendered himself near Fort Henry." 

. Col. John Abmstronq to Gov. Dbnny, 1757. 

Carlisle, 17th Octob', 1757. 
May it please Tour Hon', 

At the Instance of the Frontier Inhabitsnts of this County, & by 
approbation of Colo*. Stanwix, I have dispersed the Major part of 
the three Eastermost Garrisons of this Battalion among the people 
for their Assistance in Sowing their Winter Com, bringing in of 
Grain from deserted places, &o., and herewith Send your Hon' a 
Copy of the Orders given the Comn^ander of each party or Guard. 

Inclos'd is also a Copy of the Orders of the Commanding Officer 
at Fort Duquesne to a Cadet, lately Kill'd & Scalp'd by a party of 
Cherokee Indians.f 

* See farther examination, page 805. f Not found. 


Cq)^ Hamilton is now at Ljttleton Setling with and paying off 
his GojnpaDj at that place; he has Orders to repair with all expe- 
dition to Marsh Greek, in Tork Conntj, in Order to discharge the 
New Company there Station'd, which I shon'd have done in his 
Abflenoe, only to eive him (as he's acquainted) an Opportunity of 
Eolisting some of them for three Years^ which it's probable he 
may do. 

I am, Honoured Sir, 

your Most Obed^ 

HumbV ServS 


P. S.— Before Sealing on Tuesday, 18th, at half after Two 
O'clock, Ennis, with the Indians, Arrived here, & Are to Set Out 
to-Morrow Morning, According to your Honour's Orders, Escorted 
to Virginia. 


To the Hon'ble W-. Denny, Esq'., Governor k Commander in 
Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia. 

llicHARD Peters to Bev'b Charles Bsattt, 1757. 

Bear Sir, 

The Government having given Assurances to the friendly Indians 
to build them a small Fort and some commodious Houses for their 
Protection & habitation, a Commission is issuing to M'. John Hughes, 
M^ Edw^. Shippen, M'. James Galbreath, and Your Selfe, to super- 
intend, direct, and finish that important Work.' 

It is taken for granted that your Zeal for the publick Good and 
the Re-establishment of Peace with our Indian Allies, will induce 
you^to accept of this Commission, & to 'accompany the other Gen- 
tlemen immediately to Wvomink ; the tools. Provisions and Neces- 
saries being already provided, and an Escort for the Protection of 
joar Persons and Attendants. 

The matter has been a long time in suspense, and this has occa^ 
fiioned a failure in giving you more timely notice. Be assured it 
iras not owing to want of a sincere Esteem k regard for you, but to 
Accidents of w*"** you shall be acquainted when L have the pleasure 
to see jou hero. The Bearer waits your Answer, W* is impatiently 



expected by the other CommisBioners. I am WiUi a pariicalar 


Your most hamble Servant, 


Philad*., 17th 8ber. 1757. 

To the Reverend M^ Charles Beat j. Bj Express. 

Thomas Oswald to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Dear Sir, 

I Send this by Lienten* Pointon who Conducts a French prisoner, 
that I Received this day, from the Magistrats ; Col. Weiser desired 
that the King's Officers might Be at the Examination, as he did not 
^understand the French Language, I Refer ^om to the pa|)er aod 
Letter inclosed, and be assured what ever assistance the officers Caa 
give it will never Be wanting, I hope this will find your Famelj 
quite Recov'dj Believe me Dr oir your most obedient, 
Humble Servant, 


Reading Camp, 18th Oct., 1757. 

What ever directions you have to give me depend on their Being 
Exactly Followed, its now verry Cold in Tents for the men, and I 
am affiraid there will Be disputes about Billets.* 

Gov. Denny to Admiral Cotes, 1T5T. 

Philadelphia, 18th October, 1757. 


I have the Honour of yours of the 12thf June with a Duplicate. 
The Vessels loaded by the Contraotoris for the stfpply of the navy 
were permitted towards the close of the last Embargo to sail, and all 
care shall be taken for the future that the Supply of Bread shall be 
forwarded to the utmost of my Power, Lidosed are Copies of two 
Papers found on Board a small Flag of Truce taken by a Privateer 

* See page 294. f See page 186. 


mkd hirtm^ kito tM« Port^ rektin ; to the Somdhigs and Balmide 
of the Mississippi and the Mobile, and the £x»iniiialion of the Cap- 
tm and Sailors. 

1 am sir^ 

Your most obedient 

and most hnmble senraat, 


Admiral Ooates. 

Wm, Peters to Kichard Petsrs, 1757. 

Belmont, 28d Octob', 1767. 
Dear Bro^ 

I was to wait on Mr. Hauiltoo on Friday, but he beiBg to go to 
Town pnt me off to jeeterday w4ien I went again. 

He }>egan his Observations w*^ a good £al of warmth, y* any 
report of ye Oonneil was improper; y* ye Ooancil had no nsnner of 
basioess w*^ ye Affair, k y^ their report on it woud not be read at 
any of ye Boards : To w**' I answered y as y* heavy Charge & Com* 
l^int of ye Indians ag| ye Ftdf^ was made to ye Gov* at a Pub. 
T^, I thought it waa his Duty to inqnire strictly into it, k y* it oood 
not be so properly done in any other way as by a Committee of hia 
CouQcil [he reply'd it might be by a report of his Sec^ more pro- 
perly] and then if he found on their report of ye Matter y^ ye Charge 
ag* ye Prop" was well founded, it was his Duty to represent it to 
Uis Ma'ty or his Ministers, k if false to ye Prop" themselyes to 
ioform & put thenT on tbeir guard ag* such a vilaiDOus Design to 
rniD their Interest w*^ ye King k Ministry, &o., k 1 told him I must 
beg leave to Dissent from him in thinking y* when ye Boards read 
erery letter from a Gov' on oemmoB Ooourrenoes, they snrely woud 
lead k pay g* regard to his w^ this report in an Affair of such great 
lAportanoe as this, to w^, if Une, might be imputed all ye late 
Mischiefs done ns by ye Indians in revenge for y^ iniquitous Treatm* 
of them in ye Land purchases ; & it being ye grand Object of y* 
Q' Scheme to establish a Belief of it both here k at home. 

On going over ye Report w*^ him he say'd it was so full of words 
ia'yeteasoning on ye D^a k Walk y* he Oou'd not nndemtand it 
[I have since gone over it w^ Mr. Scull purposely to shorten & 
nnke ye vaasoniDg on ye Deeds clearer if we ceu'd, but he saya he 
ooMt see how it can be made dearer or shorter k seems to like yio 
irhole ef it ezoeedingly.] 
And I find Mr. H'«" dislikes all f part w°^ hints at ye I&dian 


BaTBges being oocasioii'd by ye Assembly's Doi enablai^^ or Oh 
^xmrageiQg ye Oov^ to give ye Hatchet to ye lodians & proteeiiog 
them when they so often sollicited us to do it & so forcing then to 
seek it from ye French| w*"^ I take to be ye principal Gist of ye In- 
quiry & report, whether ye Odium of y^ fatal Faux Pas shall fall on 
ye Assembly or ye Prop" & Qov\ perhaps this might be well 
enough if ye Com*** of Assembly wou'd but be as complaisant to ye 
Gent* of ye Council. In short ye Truth is (as indeed he himself 
say'd but this inter nos) yet he does not see w^ business he has to 
make himself obnoxious to or to disoblige such s considerable body 
of people ; & so I fancy some others of ye Council will say & adopt 
his reasoning, & so this s^ attempt of getting ye report finished, tbo' 
BO much desired by ye Prop" will come to nothing, I hinted to Mr. 
Allen w* Mr. H***'* Sentim^ ab* ye Reports are, he shrug'd up his 
Shoulders, w*** Concern & Surprize & say'd if he had acted such a 
dastardly part, Things bad as they are, wou'd not have been so well, 
or some such ambiguous Expression, w*^ I did not well understand, 
but gave me no advice how to act. I am therefore at a Stand k 
send ye Bearer on purpose to desire you'l get y^ point eetUed v^ 
Mr. Chew whether to go on w**^ ye report or no, & if we are then to 
€x ye form of it in such manner as y^ other GentF^ will sign it, for I 
think you sbou'd not say any more to Mr. H'** ab^ his signing, as 
it is so disagreeable to him ', & you'l either come up yourself or re- 
turn it w*^ full Biteetions w^ is to be done in ye Affair as soon as 
possible. Mr. H*** says he expects every day his Ser^ to go, but 
has heard no more ab< ye Pacq** sailing since you went. Gomplim* 
to Mr. Chew & Mr. Till & Family. • 
I am I> Bro', 
Yc* m* aff**''', 



To Richard Peters, Esq'., at Newcastld. 

Col. Gborgb Washington to Gov. Dbnnt, 1767. 

Fort Loudoun, Oct' 23d, 1757. 


Your favour Inclosing Sir William Johnson's Letter, I had the 
•Honour to receive Yesterday between four & five P. M., at which 
time the Indians therein spoke of arrivd here. About the same 
hour to day they depart ; Eworted by an officer whom I have diaigd 
with the care of condnoting them to the first Garrison in Carolina. 

I have bought^ of the bearer, Mr. James Innis, the Horses which 
conveyd them hither, and which he tells me he was Instructed to 


ttll. All other Ddcessary Expenoes arising in their march through 
fthifl Colon J, I shall pay in behalf of this Government. 
I am ^r, wilh great respect^ 

Y' most Obed* H"« Serr*, ' 


The Hon"* Gov'. Denny. 

Col, John Stanwix to Gov, Dbnnt, 1757. 

Camp near Garlisloi Oct' 24^^, 1757. 
Dear Sur : 

On acquainting L^ Colonel Armstrong of your oppinion that 
three Companies of his Battalion should' be order'd to Wyomink, to 
build a Fort and Town for the Indians } his objections to this mea^ 
sure of sending three Gomp* from this are raany^ and, I think, well 
fouud'd, and he sends them to you after having communioat'd them to 
me, and I think with him, that one Company from each of the three 
Provincial Battalions would be the most equal and equitable, and even 
then the Company that go's from this side the Susquehanna, at this 
time of the year, would have the greatest share of the Fatigue, but 
as Oapt. Mereer go's, I propose his to be the Company for this ser^ 
vice, besides all the reason's Colonel Armstrong gives you I shall 
only add, that as certain intelligence is come from Sir W"*. John- 
Bton, that the French and their Indians intend to make an attempt 
this fall upon Fort Cumberland, I think it prudent, and for his Ma- 
jestys service, to strengthen my self, or at least not weaken my self 
more than I can well justifie. Col. Armstrong will tell you that 
his Battalion are not above half complete of men that are for any 
time, & that three Comp., if they were sent 150 miles to build 
this Fort, not a man would list again, if the whole of this fatigue- 
iog huisnes was to be doiio alone by them, whilest the other two 
Battalions upon the spot in comand, were tho' stionger Battalions be 
excused from doing any part of it, there is not a man of the two 
Companys properly stationd here but what are upon safe guard 
partys, to protect the Plantations during seed time, according to a 
dispossition made for this purpose, w""^ Col. Armstrong told me he 
should send you } tis the same with the Companys at Shippensburg, 
however, have orderd Capt. Mercer's Company to march here as 
soon as they can be called in, and shall as soon as possible send one 
of the Comp^, either the L^ Col^ or Capt. Kallenders to replace 
them } and as I have sent you, by express, this dispossition as soon 
as I could, it will give you time to order a Company of each of the 
Battalions on the east side of the Susquehanna to join in thig 


Bailding party for Wiomink. Capt. Meroer shall march with lis 
Company as soon as they arrive here, trader the instraotioii yoi 
send, w"^ are very proper and full-^-as theCommis" for Building the 
Barracks at Philadelphia spnm at Lord Loadoans ord% they would 
treat mine worse, except agave them with my Battalion at my 
back ; your proposing to reform your three Battalions into two, with 
a proper staff, must be better than three without it, as the expeia 
watesj I shall only add, that I am with very great truth, 
I> Sir,* 

Your most humble & 

most obd< Serv^ 

Gover' Denny. 

PBTmoHT oy David Dewar, 1767. 

To the Honourable WILLIAM DENNY, Esq*., Lieutenant Govcr- 

^ nor and Commander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvanii^, 

and Counties of New Castle, Kent and Sussex, on Dekware. 

The Humble' Petition of David Dewar, Commandco* of the Sobooirar 
Recovery, now at Anch<ff before the Town of New Gastlo, on tte 
River Delaware, 

Most Humbly Sheweth : 

Thait the said Schooner is Chartered by his Honour the Governor 
of Providence, to bring Provisions from Phikdelphia, for the Gar- 
rison Qt Providence. That Daniel Beloon, his best Seaman, hath 
this Day been preas'd on board the Wager Man of War, which hath 
■render'd it impi^acticable for your Hcmours Petitioner to proceed on 
ibk intended Vqyage, by reason whereof his Majesties Service may be 
injured. Your Petitioner, therefore, most Humbly prays, that by 
your Honours application to the Captain of s' Man of War, the s* 
Daniel Beloon may be cestor'd to y Petitioner, who in Duty bound 
will Pray, &0. 


New Castle, October 24*»', 1757. 


Col. John Armstrong to Gov. Denny, 1757, 

Carliale, Ootob' 24% 1757. 
HoDOored Sir : 

Pnnnant to j' Hont« Letter to Colo* Stanwiz, be has been pleas'd 
to inform me that three Gompanjs are required firom mj BattaKon 
to carry on the works at Wioming, which number in a very short 
space shon'd have Maroh'd, were it not Colo* Stanwizes Opinion, as 
well as mine, that so large a Dranght from this Side of. Sasquehan- 
nah will Manifestly expose the Frontier, as well as greatly interrupt 
the eompleating of this Battalion for the War. 

For, in Consequence of frequent applications made to Colonel 
Stanwiz, he has Ordered me to disperse a large majority of the Pro- 
Tincials from the three Eastenriost Garrisons to guard the Inhabi- 
tants dtirine their Seed time, and untill the approach oF Cold Wea* 
ther; and shou'd a Considerable nuteber be taken off from this duty^ 
in proportion such part of the Frontier as they guarded will be eva- 
coated, as the principal motive the Settlers have to remain another 
year, is their being provided with Grain for their support. 

And in regard to the detriment such Draught will probably be to 
the Battalion, dve me leave to inform your Hon' that it is not com- 
pleated for the War, but a little above One-half, the greater part of 
which being put upon hard duty at this Season of the Year, will 
naturally discourage many whome we yet expect to engage, so that 
whatever Servise (in Conjunction with other -troops) may be expect- 
ed from this BattaKon in the Spring, will greatly, I fear, be frus- 
trated by such a dispossitiou, under the influence of which I cou'd 
not be Compleat by the first of May next. It is evident, likewise, 
that three Gompanys composed of drafts from the sundry Garrisons 
in this County, will have much faYther to March than any other Pro- 
vincials, and Consequently retard Business. 

From the kte> as well as frequent Attacks on this part of the 
Frontier, it appears we are at least equally Lyable to incursions from 
tfaiB Enemy with the East side of Sasquehannah, and from the low- 
neas of the water at this Season, as well as from experience, Fort 
- Avgttsta is in less danger than either, therefore I humbly Coneeive 
ihftt Garrison may spare one Company, Colonel Weisera one, and on^ 
made up of Draughts fit for that Service, will, without delay, march 
from this Battalion, which will make the duty equal, and remove all 
ground of grumblings & fear. '^ 

Before I had an Opportunity of seeing Colonel Stanwix, after his 
reoeit of your letter he had the same view of this matter he noW 
has, and was pleas'd to tell me he wou'd write y Hon' frankly his 
Sentiments, in the mean time giving Orders that a Company shou'd 
be) forthwith i^epar^d to march to Wioming, and that L shou'd, 
provide an express to your honour that no time might be lost. If 
this representation contribute any thing toy' Honf altering the first 


Orders, it will, I hope^ so far serve the Common interest, and there- 
fore much oblige, 

Honoured Sir, 

Yonr most obed* 

and most HamV Serv^ 

GotemoT Dennj. 

Edward Shippkn to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Lancaster, 26*^ October, 1757. 
Honoured Sir : 

At the instance of the Commissioners appointed for the Wjoming 
Service, I am to acquaint Your Honour, uiat on our Way to Har- 
ris's Ferry, this morning, we received a Letter dated Yesterday tt 
Carlisle, from Capt. Mercer, informing us that Colonel Stanwiz will 
by no means consent to the sending more than one Company from 
Co^. Armstrong's Battalion, which prevents our prooeediog further 
on our Journey, till we know Your Honour's Determination in re^ 
gard to what other two Companies You intend to order with ua. I 

We shall wait here for an Answer till the Betum of Col*. Stan* 
wix's Express, which we hope will be in a few days. 
I am your Honour's 

most Obedient 

Humble Servant, 

The Hon"* William Denny, Esq'., Governor, 

CfliBF Justice Allen to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Phila. Octc 26«», 1757- 

According to your Honocfs directions I have taken the examina- 
tion of the French Prisoner, who appears to me to be a sensible, in- 
telligent young fellow, and gives pertinent answers to the queatioBS 
J put to him. I herewith transmit the same, together with the pa- 
pers you was pleased to inclose to me. If you should think any hu- 
ther examination necessary, I will put any other interogatory to him 
that you may judge proper. I beg leave to subscribe myself 
Your Honor's 

Most obedient & 

Humble Servant, 

To Governor Denny. 



Jun'r, 1757, 

PeDnsjlvania 8S : 
The further EsaminatioD of Michael La Chanvignerie, Jan% aged 

Seventeen, a French Prisoner, lately brought from Fort Henry, 

taken before Me, William Allen, Esquire, Chief Justice of the 

Provmce of Pennsylvania^ 26 October, 1757 : 
Who saith : 

That it is about Fourteen Months since he left Montreal ; 

That his Father is a Lieutenant of Marines and« Commandant of 
Fort Machault, built lately at Winango and now a finishing ; 

That there are about Fifty Regulars and Forty Labourers at said 
Fort; that they expect soon a considerable Ecinforcement from 
Montreal ; that they drop there almost daily some of the Detatch- 
meats as they pass from Montreal to Fort Du Quesne ; 

That the next Fort to Machault is the Fort on the Kiver Boeufs 
which is said to be forty Leagues above Machault, but having travel- 
led it oflten believes it is not so much, being only two Days and an 
half Journey by Land and five or Six Days by Water ; that the 
Eiver is very shallow there, and the Country flat and pleasant ; that 
the Fort there is very strong, pallisaded round, has a Glacis with a 
dry Ditch three Foot deep ; that he knows not the number of Can- 
DOD, says they are Swivels and under a Dozen^ is commanded by his 
Uncle Mens' Du Yirge, who is an Ensign of Foot ; that there is no 
Captain or other officer above an Ensign there, and the Reason of 
DO higher officer being there is that the Commandant of those Forts 
purchases a Commission for it and undertakes and has the Benefit of 
transporting the Provisions and other necessaries ; That the Provis- 
ions are chiefly sent from Niagara to Presq' Isle, and so from thence 
down the Ohio to Fort Du Quesne. Says Provisions in great Quan- 
tities are sometimes brought from the Southward to Fort Du Quesne, 
particularly this and last year. 

Says there are from Eight to Nine Hundr<)d, and somelim^s a 
Thousand, Men between the said Forts Presq' Isle and the Fort at 
Kiver O'Boeuf, of which about one hundred and Fifty are Regulars 
and the rest Canadians, and chiefly Labourers who work at the Forts 
and are imployed in building of Boats and transporting the Provis- 
ions sent from Canada. 

Says there are great numbers of Battees carrying about Sixty 
Bags of Flour, and that the Battoes carry when laden three or four 
men, when without a Loading Twelve or more. 

Says there are no Settlements or Improvements near the said For^, 
and that the French pTant considerable Pieces of Indian ,Corn about 
the Forts for the Indians, whose Wives and Children do come to the 
Forts for it, and they are there furnished with Cloathes at the Bang's 

* See page 294. 


Bzpeuee, bot that there are Traders in the Forte who, purchase the 
Peltry from the IndiaDs. 

That there are several Houses, but the People don't care to in- 
habi^them at present, as thej would be more liable to be sealpedj 
and keep ohieflj in the Forts. 

Says 'tis Forty Leagues fronf Presq' Isle to Niagara, along the 
Lake ; That there are Two Thousand Men at least in Niagara, one 
half Regulars, which is commanded by a Captain called MonaF 
Pauchot, a Knight of S^ Louis, who is esteemed a verj good En- 
gineer, and has much improved that Fort and made it very strong, 
and for that Reason had the Command of it given him, the? usually 
conferred on a Otnadian ; that it has deep Ditches full of Water 
round it, a great many Cannon and some Mortars, but the number of 
either knows not; there are no Settlements or Improvements near 
it; a great many Labourers are imployed constantly in the Fortifica- 
tions ; says there was about the said number when he passed by 
there, but now supposes there are more. 

That last J une he was at Fort Du Quesne, which is Seventy-two 
Leagues Distance from Fort Machault ; that they are three Days in 
going thither with the Battoes down the Stream ; that there were 
then about Fifteen Hundred Men at Fort Du Quesne, of which Fire 
Hundred are Regulars, and the rest ate imployed in the carrying 
Provisions and going to and fro, which requires great numbers ; that 
there are about Twenty Cannon at Fort Du Qaesue, some Mortars, 
Four Bastions and a dry Ditch ; Says there were then a great num- 
ber of English Prisoners at Fort Du QaesnC; but they are constant- 
ly sending them away to Montreal; That they are not used as 
Slaves but as Prisoners of War when they arrive there, and are fed 
as the Soldiers are; but that the Indians keep many of the Prison- 
ers amongst ^hem, chieflv young People whom they adopt and bring 
up in their own way, and says that those Prisoners whom the Indians 
keep with them become so well satisfied and pleased with the Way 
of Living that they don't care to leave them, and are often more 
brutish, boisterous in their Behaviour and loose in their Manners 
than the Indians, and thinks they affect that kind of Behaviour thro' 
Fear of and to recommend themselves to the Indians, and says the 
French who are mixed with the Indians seem also to behave in the 
like manner. 

That he leffc Fort Machault the Eleventh September last with a 
Party of Thirty three Indians, the Command whereof was given 
bim to go on an Expedition against the English ; that after travel- 
ling about Fourteen Days over a very Mountainous Country, they 
met another Party of Indians returning from War, with three Pris- 
oners, viz' : twojoung Women and one Man^ who he believes were 
all the Prisoners, and had taken One Scalp which was with the ad- 
vanced Part of them and he did not see it; That they gave the 
Man Prisoner to the Indians of his Party ; and that all his Party 
returned save twelve who came with him ; That they passed over 


Sasqaehannab about two Days Journey below Port Augusta, as the 
IndiaDS told him, at a Place where he saw some Peach Trees and the 
Ruins of a House with some clear Land about it on this Side 
Saaquehannah, and that in three Days after they came among^ the 
Inhabitants ; that they kept going on till they found an opportunity 
to strike the English ; that they made no Fires in the night except 
at some of the many deserted Houses which they saw, especially 
amongst the Hills ; that they buried the Fires when they went away 
and took great care to make no noise ; That the first House they 
came to was inhabited by Germans, where they took Five Prisoners, 
all Children, viz., Four Girls and One Boy ; knows nothing of the 
Father or Mother of the children, and believes they might be at 
some neighbour's' House and saw none but the children ; took some 
Cloathes for the Children and some Provisions and several other 
things for themselves, stayed but about half an hour there; after- 
wards took some Horses at another Place about three Leagues off 
and put the Children on them ; passed a great many Houses which 
appeared to be deserted, saw Geese and Fowls about them; That 
about Five Days after they had taken the said Prisoners (having 
passed Sasqnehannah three Days before) he having dropped a Pieee 
of Bread, stopped to look for it and in the time he was searching for 
it hia Party of Indians gob-so far ahead of him that he could not 
overtake or make them bear him, and finding himself lost and being 
afraid of starving, bo, after spending in vain two Days in Search of 
his Party, repassed Sasquehannah and delivered himself up at Fort 
Henry the Seventh Day after he lost himself as aforesaid, which ha 
chose to do rather than starve in the Woods, as he found he must if 
he did not surrender himself up to the English. 

That the Indians who live near Fort MaoLault are chiefly Dela- 
t^ares of the Tribe of the Wolfs, many of whom, who before lived 
on Belle Rivere, moved away from thence soon after the attack made 
by the English on some of those Indians at Kittanin for Fear of the 
English, and chosing rather to live near and under the Protection of 
the Forts, and saith that one or two of the Chiefs and many of those 
Indians were killed at Eittannin. 

That by the reports of the Indians ^nd English Prisoners Aat 
were brought in, they learned that there were English Regulars near 
the Frontiers; that they fully expected the English would have at- 
tacked them this Summer at Fort Du Quesne and Fort Maohault, 
more especially the latter, and therefore they with the more assiduity 
worked at the Fortifications there, that they might make the better 
Defence; and that the Reason why he and his Party were ordered 
to view the nearest English Forts to Machault was that they might 
observe what they were doing there; and that if they saw any Pre- 
parations or any Forces moving that Way, that they should immedi- 
ately return and give them Intelligence of it at Machault ; and that 
he does not know or has beard of the French having a design to make 
any attempts or Expeditions against the English this Year, save 


what he has heard amongst the Indians, who entertain great Besent* 
ment and are frequently talking of the Havock made amongst them 
at Kittannin, and Parties of them are often going oat against the 
EngNlh^ and sometimes without any French. 


Taken before me, 

Will. Allsn, Chief Jostioe. 

Petition of Margery Mitchel, 1757. 


I was some time agoe in Phi1ad% in Expectation of reC a reward 
from the Com** for an Indian Scalp, but was quite disappointed ; it 
ill suited me at the time to take so fatiguing & expensive a Journey, 
one might think Common humanity wou'd induce the (rentlemea 
to allow me some small matter on that occasion, Especially as I lost 
my Husband & Son, which has so sensibly affected me in every 
respect that I am rendered unable of providing the common neoes^ 
saries of life. Y' Honour gave me some hopes, when in town, that 
you wouM use y interest in Endeavouring to prevail w^ the Com** 
to Consider me, which I doubt not you will do, as it is part of y 
character to relieve the distressed. Y' Endeavours to this purpose 
I hope will not only heape Blessings on y self, but in a great i 
sure relieve the pinching necessity of one who is 
Y' most h'ble Serv*. 


Shippensburg, 26*>' Oct', 1757. 

P. S. I left the affidavit in y hands. 

To Rich'' Peters, Esquire, Philadelphia. 

An Address from the Assembly op the Lower CoimnBS 

TO THE GOVJ5RN0R, 1757. 

May it please your Honour, 

We, the Representatives of the Freemen of this Q-ovemment, beg 
Leave to return your Honour our hearty Thanks for your kind 
Speech, at the opening of this Sessions. The good opinion you en- 
tertain of us, of our Attachment to his present Majesty, and Zeal 
for the publiok Service, gives us the greatest pleasure We are truty 


seDsiblo of the great Obligations we are under to our most gracious 
Sovereign, for the manifold Blessings we enjoy under his wise and 
just administration. His unlimited Goodness, & tender Care of his 
Sobjeots, however distant and remote from his Rojal Person, are 
hWj eyinced by the powerful Succours sent over by him, for the 
Ftrolection & Defence of these Colonies, in this time of publick Dan- 
ger & Distress. We flatter ourselves that we hitherto have, and on 
all occasions shall continue to give the strongest Proofs of our Grati- 
tude and Loyalty. 

We canH help expressing the deepest concern, that the late As- 
sembly of the Province of Pennsylvania should charge your Honour 
with being partial to the People of this Government, and arrogate 
to themselves a right to arraign our Conduct, & proclaim to the 
World in the public Gazettes, that we have been deficient In our 
duty to His Majesty, in not granting a proportionable Share towards 
our own Defence, or the Support of the War. We are equally sur- 
prized to find that Assembly assume a further Right to prescribe 
Kales to us, and with a dictatorial Air fixing our Proportion of pub- 
lick Taxes, to a tenth part of those of the Province. They have 
also been pleased to assert, that we have given no more than two 
thousand pounds to His Majesties Use. What those Gentlemen 
ooald have in View, by a Conduct so unprecedented and extraor- 
dioary, we will not take upon us to determine. Common Charity 
induces us to hope, that they did not intend to amuse the World, 
and cast a Vail over their own Misconduct by throwing Dirt upon 
their Neighbours,' & misrepresenting us. We are independent of 
them, (which we esteem no small part of our Happiness) and will 
ever assert & support that Indepenaency. Should We take the like 
Liberty & Freedom with them, we might perhaps, find an ample 
Field for Censure ; but we do not think ourselves justifiable in fol- 
lowing the Example. As a free People, we have a right of judging 
& acting for ourselves, and shall not be complaisant enough to sur- 
render that Right to any Man or Set of Men, who may vainly ima- 
gine themselves capable of directing us in our Measures. Your 
Honour has done the late Assembly strict justice, in assigning the 
true Reasons which prevented them from sitting on the Dispatch of 
Business, at the times of their first meeting in October, and their 
Adjournment in March last, for which we make you our publick 

As your Honour is a stranger among us, and is pleased to inform 
us, that you are little acquainteif with the publick Transactions of 
this Government heretofore, we beg leave, in Order to Obviate ft 
confute the highi Charges made against the preceding Assemblies, 
to layl)efore you a State of their public Proceedings, since the 
eommenoement ef Hostilities by the French, in America. In Oc- 
tober, 1754, before the declaration of War, the Assembly of this 
Government, being made acquainted with his Majesties express 
Comnuinds to GKivcmor Morris, that he should not only act with 


vigour, in defence of the OoverDmenU under big Cac«| bat 
bis Majesties other Colonies, to repel any Hostile attempts made 
against theniy immediately gave the Sum of one thousand pounds 
to His Majesties Use, which was chiefly laid out in purchasing Pro- 
visions for the Forces, then under the Command of General Brad- 
dock ; This Supply arrived very critically, just after the Battle of 
Monongahela, and was of great Use to the sick & wounded ; for 
which Governor Morris informed the succeeding Assembly, many 
Officers of Note & Distinction returned their thanks to this Govern- 
ment. In October, 1755, the Assembly granted the further Sum 
of two thousand pounds to His Majesty, and in March following, 
framed a Law for establishing and regulating a Militia within this 
Government, which has subsisjred to this time. The necessary Ex- 
pence the People were put to under this Law, in furnishing them- 
selves with Arms and Accoutrements, and learning the military Dis- 
cipline, was a very heavy Tax upon them. We have made a rea- 
sonable Estimate of this Expence, which we beg Leave to lay before 
you, whereby it appearg that this Tax amounts to upwards of nine- 
teen thousand pounds. We conceive, that this Sum has also been 
given by us to his Majesties Use, and expended in his Service, one 
of the Principal Ends of His Majesties requiring Supplies of his 
People here, being for the Protection of his Colonies, & defenoe of 
his Subjects against his Enemies. We apprehend this End is better 
answered by a proper Militia Law, putting Arms into the Hands of 
those who have their Lives, Families, Fortunes, & every thing that 
is dear & valuable at Stake, and teaching them how to Use them, 
than by hiring Mercenaries for that purpose. This is attended too, 
with much less Expence to the People, for by this means this little 
Government has near four thousand Militia ready to oppose the En- 
emy, when a neighbouring Province, for want of a Militia Law, is 
at the annual Charge of between seventy and eighty thousand 
pounds, in maintaining fourteen hundred Mercenaries only. With 
what Face then can it be said this Government has given but two 
thousand pounds to His Majesty, and hath not contributed its due 
proportion of Taxes. It is a poor Excuse to allege, they had not 
heard of our giving moro than that Sum. If they charged us with- 
out taking proper pains to inform themselves, they are greatly cul- 
pable, when they had means of being easily informed ; If thej cri- 
minate us, knowing the Charge to be unjust, they are still mors 
culpable. We find it also asserted, in a Message published in the 
Pennsylvania Gazette, the thirtieth day of June last, that the Mi* 
litia Law is generally condemned, and has occasioned much Distress 
& Persecution among the People, and insinuated, that the inhabi* 
tants are enslaved by a Clause in that Law, in which the " Gover- 
nor is impowercd to make & establish, such Rules k Articles for the 
regulation of the Militia as be may judge expedient, by which 
means the Liberties & Properties of the People are subject to his 
Order, & dependant on his Pleasure. That the Law is not gene- 


rally coDdemned, bni on the tibntrary esteemed equal & jast, both in 
the Colonies & at Home, is a known Truth. Had it occasioned 
Distress & Persecution among the, People, they, who are the best 
Judges, after so long an Experience -^of it, would certainly have 
complained of the Burden ; but this is so far from being the Case, 
that they desiro the continuance of it. To confute the last charge, 
ve need not only insert at large the clause referred to in the Law, 

vbieh has been tortured, & maide to speak by a partial Quota- 

tioD of it, a meaning that the Legislature never intended. The 
Clause is as foll6ws, to wit : <' And be it enacted by the Authority 
" aforesaid, that the Commander in Chief of this. Government for 
<< the time being, may, & shall make & establish, such Articles & 
'^ Rales for the regulating and better governing the Militia of this 
^^ Government, while under Arms, or in actual Service, as he shall 
<< judge meet & expedient : Provided, that no punishment U> be in- 
'^ flicted by the said Rules or Articles, for the Breach thereof shall 
" be otherwise, than by Fine, n|| exceeding five pounds, or impris- 
'^ onment, not exceeding ten days.'' The Governor's Power is lim- 
ited & confined to narrow Bounds; without military Regulations, a 
Law of this kind would have been, in a great measure, useless. The 
Rules to be made by the Governor are general, and are to be en- 
forced by the military Officers, as occasion requires, and no oppor« 
tunity is given him to gratify his Resentment (if he bad any) against 
particular persons. If the Officers should abuse this Trust, and in- 
flict penalties on individuals wrongfully, they, as English Subjects, 
are entitled to the Benefit of the common law, & may obtain Relief 
by habeas corpus, or other legal Process. 

With what justice then can it be said, that the Liberties & Properties 
of the People are subject to the Governor's Orders, & dependant on 
his Pleasure ? We can't help observing, that by the late Pennsyl- 
vania Militia Act, which was repealed by his Majesty, the Gover- 
nor, with the Field Officers, had Power to make Articles of War 
for the better government of .the Forces, and to erect Courts mar- 
tial to try & determine any offences by such Articles, and inflict Pe- 
nalties by Sentence or Judgment, without any kind of Limitation, 
under which they might have punished with death ; And in a late 
Militia Bill, presented to the Governor by the Assembly of that 
Province, pecuniary Penalties are very high, and some offences there- 
in made capital. 

Thus, we hope we have vindicated the good People of this Gov- 
ernment from the Calumnies attempted to be thrown upon them, 
and shewn, that they have not been wanting, either in their duty to 
His Majesty, themselves or their neighbours, and doubt not but 
they will stand justified in the opinion of every impartial judge. 

We have taken into Consideration the several matters recommend- 
ed to us by your Honour, and shall, with the greatest cheerfulness, 
grant snch Supplies to ^is Majesty as the present Circumstances of 
om Constituents will admit o^ Our first Care & Attention should 


be fixed on onr own defence, and -the Secnrity of the Governm' in 
particular. We have a Frontier to guard, as well for ourselves as 
onr good Friends in the Province, of above one handred miles ia 
Extent, against the attack of our Enemies by Sea. What can be 
spared, after the discharge of this necessary Service, will bo applied 
to the Support of the common interest of the Colonies. 

We thank your Honour for the Assurances you are pleased to gire 
ns of your Readiness, consistent with your Power & Duty to pass 
such Bills, as are necessary to promote the particular Good & Hap- 
piness of our Constituents. 

Signed by Order of the House, 


October y 26, 1757. 

Indorsed. — Address of the Assembly of the Lower Counties, de- 
livered by the Speaker, 26th Oct., 1757. 

Conrad Wbiser to W. Pbtbrs, 1757. 

Dear Sir, 

The inclosed is directed to no Body, I should perhaps have direct^jd 
it to your Brother or Mr. Will™ Smith but I must leave it to you 
and them to judge for mo as my friends. I had no^time to make 
my remarks on several other paragraphs, but there is too much to 
be said to them, and I dont choose to be too deeply Concerned in 
a paper warr, besides Mr. Eich** Peters as Secretary has the records, 
and Can ans' for the Conduct of the Governors, Especially that of 
Mr. Morrises about his declaration of warr against the Shawanese k 
Delewares by the advise of the Indian Chiefs then in Fbilad^. See 
what our Messengers Scaruiady and Andrew Montour said on their 
return, Compare it to what Lancaster treaty says page 12, and the 
said Chiefes advised a declaration of warr against those villans, the 
meetings at Israel Pemberton's is a nise point and Cost money, hat 
how to escape the resentment of those revengfull people is another 
point, the post waits and I. must Conclude. What is wanted more 
from me I should be glad to have it in questions, I hear of nothing 
new here, of which I am glad, my health is as yet unsettled. 
I am dear sir, 

your most humble servant, 


Heidlebefg in Bercks, Oct' the 27th, 1757. 

To William Peters, Esquire, in Philadelphia. 


Conrad Wbisee to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

A few Weieks BiDce, a Copy of the Address of the Friendly Asso- 
ciation, signed by Abel James, dated Philad* the 14th of the Seventh 
Month,* presented to the Oovemor, in Easton, came to my Hands ', 
I was not a little surprised to see my Name made Use of in a very 
uDJnst Way, and cannot help taking notice of it, with my Remarks 
on Some_ Paragraphs therein. First. The Author of that Paper 
says '■ Some of us haring the Opportunity of a free Conference with 
<< Conrad Weisef, who, as Provincial Interpreter has been long con* 
^'ceroed in publick Transactions with the Indians ; We were thereby 
" confirmed in our Apprehensions that some Bissatisfiiction respect* 
'Mng their Lands had tended to the alienating their Friendship 
" from us, &o.'' 

I wish the Author had set forth when, and where that Conference 
wss, and who were present ? Perhaps I could then call to mind 
what past further; for what is said above is not the whole Truth. 
My Words, it seems, are brought in, to countenance an unjust De- 
sign ; that is to father a great Part of the Mischeef done by the 
Indians on the Prop^etors of Pennsylvania. Whatever I did eay, 
1 never said that the Proprietors of Pennsylvania had wronged the 
Indians out of any Land ; wliich, if I had, would bo notoriously 
Mae, for tho' long concerned in publick Transactions with the 
Indians (as the Author of the Paper says,) I never heard of a regu- 
lar Complaint made by an Indian Councel against the Proprietors of 
Pennsylvania, of being wronged out of Land. It is true some of 
the Straglers among 'em when they wanted more Rum, would fre- 
quently complain and say they had been cheated ; which will be tho 
Case dlways as Ions as there are any Indians, and as long as they 
can get Rum. If tne Delaware Indians have been wronged out of 
any Land^ they themselves know very well by whom they are so 
wronged. And it is known to others also, that had the ffriendly 
Association asked a certain Person about this affair, they might havo 
been truly informed, and in their Proceedings would have found the 
Truth; and it would have been in their Power (as they have wealth 
k Credit) to satisfy the Complainants, and, under the Countenance 
of the Governor, as Peace might have been made last Year, and a 
great Deal of Bloodshed prevented } and I dare say, a Better Peace 
than we now have, could then have been made. I say if the friendly 
AsBodation had gone on, according to their first Innocent Project, of 
which some of 'em very early made me acquainted at the House of 
Thomas Lightfoot, in Philadelphia. I promised them all the assist- 
ance I was capable of, provided the Governor should be made 
acquainted therewith, and I have his Leave. But Things, on a 
sudden, took another Turn. The Association was (as I think) im- 

* See Colon. Reo. Vol. VIL p. 688-648. 
Vol. III.— 14 


posed upon by aome desigDing men of theirs. The Proprietors of 
Pennsylvania mast be fi»t charged with wronging the Indians oat 
of some of their Lands. C. W. must be brought in as a Witness. 
We must range his Words so that those who do not know better, 
must understand 'em so. But I say, Gro afar off Satan ; notwith- 
standing thy flattery, I will never Countenance falsehoods, much less 
promote Lies. I will only trouble you at present with one more 
remark of mine on the Paragraph, page 4, where the Author of the 
Address says, that from that Time it was generally known that ooe 
Cause of the Alienation of their friendship was some Injustice they 
had received, or supposed to be done them in the Purchase and nu>- 
ning out of their Lands. It will appear in a clear^Light to all im- 
partial men by a little inquiry that these Indians when they first 
came down to the Treaty at Easton, came without Complaints about 
Land; nor did the three Messengers who were sent up to them ioto 
- their own Country bring any such Beport to the Governor, but soon 
after the Treaty, I read words in the German News Paper, That 
Teedyuscung should have said, which I never heard of before, and 
Teedyuscung made Use of in the following Treaty, and at that in 
November-following. Some Persons appeared so eager to bring the 
Cause of the War, or a great Part thereof on the Proprietors Back, 
that they forgot all reasonable Discretion. One in particular ; when 
the Governor came out of the House, &ne evening, near night, where 
the Conferenoe was held, accompanied by the Chiefs of the Indian?, 
came and gave a certain Indian a Wink, not observing me. The 
Indian followed him behind the House ; another that walked on my 
^ side took notice of it. See there, says he, Mr. J. P. is still busy. 
The Indian came back to his Bank again. Well says P. what did 
our friend P. say to you ? Not much says M'. No, but let us know 
it. Why says M% P. told me that now was our Time to speak 
boldly, and not to spare or fear any Body. At this Treaty the In- 
dians learned our Weakness, by being Informed of our Divisions. 
Here Prudence bids me to go no further. But I am surprised that 
at the Treaty in Lancaster the two Chiefs Abraham and Thomas 
behaved so steady considering how long they were there, and what 
temptations of Corruption they lay exposed to. 

W|^ I have more Leisure and more Convenient Time, I shall 
^^iHquioR you whom the Delaware Indian Charges with having 
wroDged them. This present Time will not admit to Speak of with- 
out Danger. If those eonoerned in Government would take the 
Thing in hand, and that privately, Some Good might still be done. 
I am sir, 

your most bumble servant, 


Heidleberg in Bercks^ October the 27, 1757. y 

PSNNSYLVANU ^OHiyES 1757. 816 

Gov. Wji. Hknky Lyttlbtojt to Gov. Dbuny, 1767. 

Charles Town, Oof 27th, 1757. 


The Assembly of this Proyince haviiig impower'd mo to oanse a 
quntity of Cannon Shot & other Warlike Stores to the amonnt of 
one thousand pounds sterling, to be procnrd for the Publiek Service, 
I hare direct^ Mess" Benjamin Smith, Christopher Gadsden, and 
Henry Laurens, very eminent Merchants of this Town, to apply to 
Mr. Chief Justice Allen, who I am informd is a very proper Person 
to oiQse the same to be furnished & sent hither by tho first conve- 
nient Opportunity, & Mr. Allen will receive a Letter upon the Sub- 
ject by the Vessel which carries this. Should there be any man of 
var under whose Convoy they might be sent or the Captain of which 
being destind for this Port might be induc'd to take them on board, 
I would beg the fkvour of your assistance therein, in recommending 
sach a Service to him as the safe arrival of the different articles 
which will be expressed in the JiCtter to Mr. Allen will be of much 
importance for the defense of this Province. If any of them cannot 
be bad in Pennsylvania, we shall be much oblig'd to Mr. Allen if 
be will negotiate the matter with any of ffis Correspondents at New 
York or any other Northern Colony, where they may be got. 
I am with great regard sir, 

Your most obedient, 

humble servant, 

Cebtificatb op Indian Isaac, 1757. 

I, Indian Isaac, do hereby Certify that Serjeant Falconer was 
with UB in the Battle Fought at Sideling Hill, in April, 1756. Be- 
tween a Party of Cap* Hance Hamilton's Men in Compaoj^witll 
some of the Militia and the Indians, and that the said Falconer was 
One of the Men that Covered me While I Scalp'd the Indian, and 
James Willson, Corporal, was the other. Witness my hand the Slat 
day of October, 1757. 

# his 

. [TisT.] Wm. Barek, 

- RoBT. McPherson. 


LoED Loudoun to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Albany, Oct' 31st, 1757. 

In my last letter to yon from New Yorki I aoqaunted yoa tbat I 
proposed to quarter part of the Troops in the back part of year Pro- 
vince. ' Since which I have given Col*" Stanwiz a Quartering Rout 
to quarter the 15 Companies with him at Laneaster, York and Bead- 
ing, and Places adjacent. 

As I am now settling the Winter Quarters for the Troops, I have 
ordered the 35th Regiment, commanded by Lieut. Gen. Otway to 
embark and proceed to Philadelphia, as it will be more convenie&t 
to march them in Detachments, they will come to you in that Shape, 
and I must beg you will be so good as to order the proper Magia* 
trates to prepare Quarters f^r them. 

/ By my present Plan those are all the Troops I propose to put into 
your Province this Winter, except Recruiting Parties. 

I must beg the Favour of you to send me a State of your Pro- 
vincial Troops this last Season, the Numbers they consisted of at 
different Periods, and an Account of wliat Preparations they have 
made for supporting them this Winter, for the Defence of jour ex- 
tensive Frontier. 
I am, 

with great Regard, Sir, . 

Your most ob^ humble Servant, 



To Gov^ Denny. 

Jno. Hughes, &c., to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Fort at Hunters, 3d November, 1757. 
Honoured Sir : 

We have, the pleasure to acknowledge the Receipt of your Favour 
of the 28th ult% inclosing Letters to Colonel Weiser & 5lajor Burd; 
the former we immediately dispatched by Express, and tho' tbe 
Company from his Battalion is not come, we have agreed to sett off 
this Day with Cap* Mercer's Company ISii; a Party of fifty Men, who 
came down with the Battoes from Augusta, having left Directions 
for that Company to follow us immediately, which will occasion do 
Delay to us on our March, as we shall be obliged to halt at Fort 
Augusta a day or two to give a little Rest to the Battoemen, &c 

Mr. Pawling finding that Col'' Stanwix could not agree to the 


sending three Companies from Col* Armstrong's Battalion, returned 
home from Lancaster. 

We are Your Honour's 

Most Obedient Humble Servants^ 

Jon. Hughes, 
** Edwd. Shippkn, 

Jas. Galbosath. 
To the Hon*'* William Denny, Esq', Governor, &e. 

Earl of Loudoun to Gov. Dbnky, 1757. 

Albany, 4th November, 1757. 


Having oocasign to write to Governor Sharpe of Maryland, and 
beiog willing to make use of the same Opportunity, to convey some 
directions to Colonel Stanwiz, at Carlisle, I must beg the favor of 
Yoa to forward by Express, immediately upon the arrival of my 
Coarier, the Packet addressed to the Colonel. I should not have 
given you this trouble, but for the distance of the one place from the 
other, which would' greatly retard the Execution of my Instructions, 
vhicb require all the dispatch possible. You will be pleased to 
Charge me with the Ezpence, which I shall defray in the manner 
jou will direct. 
I am, 

with the greatest regard, Sir, 

Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant, 


To the hon"' William Denny, Esquire. 

Order to Pat Workmen at Battery at New Castle, 



Pay the several Labourers & workmen that now are, or hereafter 
Bbll be employ'd for erecting a Battery at the Town of Newcastle, 
by Order, their Wages, respectively, out of the Eight Hun- 

dred Pounds put into your hands, being part of Two thousand 
Pounds given for His Majesties Use^ and the several Sums by you 


80 applj'd shall be allowed you at seUling your Aoco^ with the 

Newcastle 5th November, 1757. 

To the Trustees of the General Loan \ 
Offioe for Newcastle Couuty. J 


5 Nov, 1757. An Order upon the Trustees of the L. Office for 
Newcastle Couoty, to pay the workmen employed in ereoting a Bat- 
tery at f<^ewcastle. 

Order to Affix the Great Seal, 1757. • 

The Honourable William Denny, Esquire, Lieutenant Goyeraqr 
and Commander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, and 
Counties of Newcastle, Kent and Sussex, on Delaware. 

To Richard Mc William, Esquire, Keeper of the Great Seal of the 
said Counties : 

Tbese are to authorize and require you to Affix the said Seal to 
the Exemplified Copies of two Acts of Assembly, one entitnled, an 
Act for striking four thousand Pounds in Bills of Credit and grant- 
ing the same to his Majesty's Use, and to Provide a fund for sinking 
the same ; the other, entituled an Act for establishing a Milida in 
the Government of the s** Counties, and for so doing this shall be 
your sufficient Warrant. 

Given under m^ Hand and Seal at Arms, at Philadelphia, the 
Twenty-third day of November, Anno Domini, one thousand seven 
hundred and fifty-seven. 


Wyoming Commissioners to Gov. Denny, 1757. 

Honoured Sir, 

A few miles on this side of Wyomink, Teedeuscung with Some of 
his Friends met us, & Shewed the way to the Spot he had pitched 
upon for the Town, and Said he desired us not to erect a Fort, but 
only Some Houses; and accordingly we set the men to work, and 
when we had covered in two & set up Six more, he let us know he 
was Satisfied, as he intended to go to Bethlemen immediately, and 
live there all Winter, in which time he thought it not improbable 
but Some Straggling ill affected Indian might burn them 4own ; 


however, be that m it might, he designed to return in the Spring 
and Settle there, when he would have the business compleated. We 
are with due regards, 

Your Honour's 

Most obed* Humb. Serv*», 


At Barnabas Haghes, Lancaster ) 
County, 23d Novemb', 1757. j 

To The Hon*»« William Denny, Esq'., Gov'. 


George Croqhan to , 1767. 

Fort Johnson, De»'. 18th, 1757. 

Some Time ago I was feavor* with y» of the 17th of No*', By 
which I See the Com" had Nott given ye Governor an Answer, or 
Lett him know how Much Money they gave Aron & Daniel to pay 
for Makeing thire Fences. IncloiBed you have ye Man's Account 
who Made the fence, and he has Creadetted yt Account w^^ £80, 
which is all Daniel & Aron brought, the Ballance is £83, which the 
Indians Expect will be paid by y' Goverment, if Nott', I fair they 
will Roproch y' Goverment w^* A breach of promis on that Account, 
Batt I hope you will be able to gett the Commiss" to pay itt. 

The Draft of ye Land which you Wrote Me was in S' William's 
Packett, is Nott Comia to hand. So I Supose ye packett is Miscar- 
ried, So Must Requst y Sending A Nother Draft as soon as posable. 

I find by^y Leter that the Quakers Still Continue to Sett up 
Teadyuscung Against y« Governor, this I allways Expected. Shure 
those people Must be Mad, for in My opinion they are Seting up ye 
Indians to Claime ye Whole province, and Indeed if we Should be 
nnanccessfuU in this Warr, they May Say all ye British Coloneys 
belongs to them ; how Long ye Goverment att home will Suffer ye 
Qoakers to Actt ye part they have hitherto Don, I Cant Say, Butt if , 
Long permited, I fear thire Conduct in the End will Nott be found 
for ye Good of his Majesty's Subjects in Amerrica. 

I Make no Doubt Butt M'. Femberton will Write agreat Dail 
home, in which I am Shure he wont Miss Strikeing att Me, how- 
ever I am Conshioss in My Self that I have acted to ye Best of My 
Judgment, without parceality to any party in ye Conferances I was 


Iinployed id, and I b'live Might have Don More Service to ye 
General Cause had Nott je Quakers Interfer'. Batt they persist in 
acting Now as they Did before ye Warr in Indien Affairs, which you 
are well Aqaainted with as well as My Self, and I am Share the Con- 
duct of ye Asembly before ye Warr was A Greatt Mains of Driveing 
ye Several Westren Nations of Indians out of the British Intrest. 

I am Glad to hear ye Dalaways behave Well att Fort Augusta. I 
am att a Loss about the Tread, as you Did Nott Write Me whether 
ye Governor had past a Tread bill or Nott. 

We have no News hear ; you See by ye papers that ye Governor's 
fflats was Cutt of to our Gxeatt Shame, butt So it is that all our Gar- 
risons is left two Weak, and No Regard paid to Indian Intilagance. 
Tis True ye Six Nations Dont Chuse to fight our Betles, in which 
they act as True politiones, for this they are bleam'd by ye armej. 
Butt I B'live Wear we to attempt any thing we Sould find them oar 
fast frauds. 

There is a Talk of a Winter Expedition, Butt as there is Little 
preperation Made for itt, I fear there will be Nothing in itt; British 
Soldiers will Certeanly fight. Butt I think British Offisers are to 
Delicatt to undertake a Winter Expedition, and those who are Cape- 
ble and willing to Do itt will Not be permited, as Nothing Must be 
Don Butt by Regulers; Indeed, I wish they would Do Every thing 
themselves, as itt is A Soldier's province to fight. 

Sir William has been Very 111 this two Months past, which has 
prevented My Going y Way; he is Now prity Well Reoover'd, and 
I hope will be Soon able to go Abroad ; he Desires Me to Make his 
Complements Exoeptable to you. Inclosed I Send vou £21, York 
Mony, which is About Eaqual to £20, your's, which I ought to ha?e 
Sent you before, and Did, but ye offiser I Send itt by Beturn'd from 
York and brought itt Back. 

I am, S', 

with Greatt Esteem, 

your Most obedient and 

Humble Servant, 


j7u?o;«€j.— Rcc'd. at New York, 19th Fcbry. 1758. 



Major General Aberorombie, 1757, 

Commander in CLief of all bis Msjest/s forces in North Americ8| 
Bearing date; Whitehall, December ye 80th, 1757. 

I am further to signify to you his Majesty's Pleasure^ that Yoa 
do appoint Colonel Forbes (who will by this Conveyance receive a 
Gommifision of Brigadier General in America^) to Command such 
lorces as yon shall judge Proper to leave in the Southern Provinces ] 
and that Brigadier Forbes do proceed, without Loss of Time, to 
Pensylvania, or Sach other of the Southern Provinces as Shall bo 
thought most proper, in order the Better to concert any Operations 
to be undertaken by the Said Troops, who in Conjunction with the 
forces directed by my Letter (of which the inclosed is a Copy) to the 
Southern Governors to be raised in those Provinces, are to be em- 
ployed under the Command of the Said Brigadier Forbes, on any 
such offensive Operadons as may be judged by him most expedient 
for annoying the Enemy, and most efficacious Towards removing 
and repelling the Dangers that tbreaten the Frontiers of any the 
Southern Colonies on the Continent of America. 

Indorsed.^^Enolosei. in Gen'l. Abercrombie's L're of the 29th 
March, 1758. 

Petition froji Northampton County. 

To bis Honour William Denny, Esq., Governor of Pennsylvania : 

* The bumble Petition of Divers of the Inhabitants of Mount Bethel, 
Plaiofield and Forks of Delaware, and Places Adjabent, Humbly 
Shewetb : 

That Whereas your Destres'd Petitioners, many of us having suf- 
fered much by a most barbarous and Savage Enemy, and we hearing 
tbat the Company which has been stationed above us is going to be 
Removed over the Blew Mountain, which has put us to the utmost 
Confdsion, we Being Sensible by Experience that the Company has 
been of Little or no Benefitt unto us while over the Mountain, and 
sltbo' we would by no means be understood to Dictate unto Your 
Honour, we hope that it will not be counted presumption humbly to 

* Inform your honour, That a 8tati6n for a Number of Men, some- 
wbeie near the Wind Gapp, under the Blew Mountain on the East 
side thereof, might have the best Tendency to Secure the Inhabitants 
of Tbese parts. Therefore, We, your honour's Destresed Petitione s, 
humbly Implores you to take it into Consideration as your honour's 



ifetj of your hombl 

Goodness thinks proper, for the safety of your humble petitkmeTg, 
i?ho are in Duty bound to pray.'*' 

CONPBSSION OP W-: — M ESQ., 1757. 

The Honest Confession of W M , Esq'., on going into 

Banbhment from the Proyince of Pennsylvania. 

Fiat Justitia. \ 

Let Justice be done. J 

I am now, by the Voice of the People and by their Representa- 
tives, Judg'd a person not fit to be Employed in any Post under the 
Government; time was that I had an Opportunity of making my 
Character appear Less Odious, and Indeed had it not been for my 
Conscious Misbehaviour, I should have appear'd, but who can face 
Truth without Conscious Innooence and integrity of mind. 

I Confess that my applying to the Assembly for the Coppyff of 
the several Petitions, was a Tacit Confession that I Intended to ap- 
pear in my own Vindication ; and when summoned so to Do, I acted 
Inconsistent not to Obey it. 

I Confess as to my Character, since I put up for any Post of 
honour or Profit, That I om^ made myself believe I oould act the 
PatHot, and accordingly made Interest to be Choose for a Repre- 
sentative; Then I opposed Loudly all Proprietary Innovations, and 
was warm for the Liberty of my Country, but getting nothing bat 
the honour of serving my Country, I found that a post of Profit 
might, with my skill, be more Advantageous. Therefore I Lay'd 
down the Patriot Scheme and Took a Commission of the Peace. 

I Confess this Commission (as Avarice was my Governing^ Pas- 
sion) was very profitable, and to secure myself in my station, as I 
Improved my own so I help'd others to Pocket also; This you All 

I Confess that the Judgment of the Assembly (In the nature of 
my case) oould be no otherwise than as they have given it. 

I Confess that my Vindication (so called) is Only my say so, and 
therefore no Vindication, and as it was Published and handed about 
to abuse and prejudice my Judges in the Eyes of the people, it must 
Appear as the weak Efforts of my Vindictive Temper. 

I Confess the Assembly does not yet know all my Oppressive 

I Confess that my pride is such, that I would have it Thought, I 
give Advice and sway in the Cabinet Council. 

* There is no date, but being of the same tenor of some heretofore pristed, 
St probably belongs to this period. The signers are numerous, many appear 
to be Germans. 


I Confett, that as to my Loyalty^ I begin to sofpeet it, as I do 
that of my ForefatherSi but of this you'd say that some parents Pro- 
pagate their Vices as well as their Diseases. This is a severe Twinge 
in my Consdence, and my toe put me in mind of it the Other Bay. 

I Confess that every Corrupt Majesttate should be Lop'd off, and 
hope ray Banishment will be a Warning to all such. 

I Confess my Judges in the Bight, and pray that they may always 
keep Open the Door to hear the Complaints of the people against 
InJQstiee and Oppression. « 

May my unhappy Case be a Warning to all men in Power, from 
the Supream to the Inferiour Majestrate. * 

May I have the honesty to make Bestitution, as I have it in my 
power, and may I have the Grace to amend my future Life and Con* 
dact. To assist me in this work of Beformation, and I Desire the 
prayers of all Good Christians.'*' 


21 Dec, 1757. " Paper given me by George Asler. Confession 
of Wm. Moore, Esq', said to be wrote in Town.'' 

Lord Loudoun to Gov. Denny, 1757. 


New York, January 6th, 1756. 

Afl^rVishing you Sincerely the Compliments of the Season, I 
must acknowledge the Becept of your letters of the 6th, 9th & 27th 
of Dee^, which come by last Post, and again return you my thanks 
for the assiduity you have used in getting Quarters for the King's 
Troops, which I hope the People will be wise enough to despute no 
more; and likewise, to Beturn you my thanks for the Kind and 
obliging offer you make me of being in your house, but you little 
know what a troublesome Guest I should be, f(v you will find that 
from early in the Morning, wherever I am, the House must be filed 
with People about Bussiness, which mus^ be very troublous in your 
family, and knowing that must give me uneasiness, therefore I must 
beg you will allow me to be in some other house in town. 

As to the Indian Affairs, I must beg leave to Pospone them till I 
have the pleasure of meeting you in Philadelphia, as at this Season 
of the year they are not so Pressing, and as I soon expect fresh in- 
siroctions from London about them. 

* This is probably satirioal, and is inserted to show the state of fbellDg 
on the subject ; see Moore's acquittal and flattering address by the Ooveinor, 
August 26, 1768, Col. Rec. Vol. VIII. p. 102.* See various proceedings in 
the case to which this refers in Col. Rec. Vol. VIT. p. 764, (Mr.Moore's State- 
ment,) 776—788 ; Vol. VIII. pp. 1—22, 162 ; also, Gordon's Hist. Pennsa. 
pp. 852—867. 



Besides, hi Preaent I am called on by another Affair that ia vary 
Pressing, as the original of it happened some time before yon in* 
tended to oome to America, I imagine it was not oommunicated to 

'Tis three Intersepted letters from America, directed to the Dnke 
Be Menepoa, Contaning very treasonable Practises, here, tbe first 
of which letters came over in the Nighingal : when she went home 
last Spring, this letter was sent back along with Mr. Webb, who had 
Particular directions to Inquire after the Author, and Prosseed 
against htm ; and Sir Charles Hardy and Mr. Webb made all the 
Inquiery they could Privately, but nothing came to light. I brought 
with me the two letters that were afterwards Interseptedi froin the 
Same Person, but had as little success, till now that there has hap- 
pened an insident that may Possibly bring the whole to light. 

The Case is this, the first Intersepted letter desired the answara 
might be sent to New York, directed to the Pere Fidel, and leffc at 
the Coffee-house till called for; it has lay en there ever since, and has 
been advertised amdng many others, as letters Remaning at the 
Post office, but never has been called for. 

We have this Day had Information from one Samuel Yanhom, a 
Merchant in this towu, who is just returned from Philadelphia, that 
when in the Coffee-house several Aquantances were desiring him to 
forward a.ny letters he might fiud bear for them ; a mau, whom he 
takes to be a Stranger followed him to the Doore, and enquired about 
the above letter, and sade be should be glade to have it^ as the Per- 
son for whom it was directed was now on the Fronteers. 

Mr. Webb was to have sett out for Philadelphia before this, but 
has been ill, which prevents his goiog ; he had decided to have 
Communicated all we know of this affair to you, and to take your 
Advice and assistance in following it out. But on this fresh Infor- 
mation I have sent Colonel Stanwix and the Merchant who made 
the discovery, to point out the Man that made the Euquirj, Col: 
Stanwix will Communicate the whole to you, and take your Advice 
and assistance in bringing this Plan to light. 

I dare say you will agree with me, that it will be more for the 
Kinge's Service and for the Interest of tbe Publick, to Sease this 
person in a Military manner, as we can be sure of keeping him, than 
to wait the Slow Prosseding the Civil Magestrat in this Gonntry, by 
which he would Probably escape, and not be safe after he waa in 

I am sure I need say nothing to you to insit yon to exert your 
Self on this occasion; where the safety of the whole ia so Deeply 

Col. Stanwix will Inform you of furd6r ItifOTmations I have had 
ef transactions in your Province, which happened last Spring, whioh, 
from the method I am informed they were managed, I dare say, have 
never eome to your knowledge^ which I hope the shortness of the 


time I bate to writ at Present, will ezcase me to joa for not writing 
at length. I ever am most faithfuUj and wilh great regard. 
Your most Obedient, 

bumble Servant, 


PositioN OF Troops in Northampton County, 1758. 

Capt. Vanetten at MiDissinks, a Lieni and . . SO Men. 

Capt Craig, at Fort Hamilton, 41 

Lieat. Wetberbold, at Broadhead's, . . . . 26 

Ensign Sterling, at Wind Gap, Teet's Honse, . . 11 ^ 

Capt. Orndt, at Fort Norris, 60 ' 

Capt. Wayne, at Fort Allen, 50 

A Sergeant at Uplinger's, and 5 

An Ensign of Wetterhold's, at Doneker's Mill, & . 15 

A Lient in Allen Township, & .... 15 
Capt. Foulk at the new Fort not named, between Fort 

Allen & Fort Lebanon, 68 

Capt. Trexler (has posted himself contrary to orders 

within the Moantain,) 53 

Capt. Martin, (in the Settlem* above Easton,) . . 80 


Capt. Trump's Company, 50 "\ 

Aston's, 50 [^ reduced. 

Parson's, Guard at Easton, 24 ) 

Col. Clapham will wait on your Hon' immediately, and aoquaint 
yoa with further particulars of the State of the Forces in Northamp- 

ton Cbunty.f % 

To the Goy. 

* As Lord Loudoun did not arriye at NewTork till 28d of July, 1766, (see 
Arch. Tol. 11. p. 718,) the date of this letter should have been 1767, as the in- 
donement has it-^its appropriate place, therefore, in this Tolume woald haye 
been at page 90 instead of here — Lord Loudoun having sailed from New York 
June 20, 1767, (see Col. Rec. Vol. VII. p. 596.) We hare seen no farther ex- 
planation of the "plan" to which it relates. 

t There was no date to this paper, it was fonnd among the papers of thia 




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Petition Samuel Lightfoot, 1758. 

To the Honourable William Denny, Esq., Lieut Governor of the 
ProYinoe of Pennsylvaniai and the Counties of Newcaatle, Kent, 
& Sussex^ &c. 

And to the Bepresentativea of the Freemen of y 8* ProyineO; in 
General Assemblj met. 

The Petition of Samuel Lightfoot, of the County of Chester, in ye 
said Province, Humbly Sheweth, That as your Petitioner hath for 
several Tears past, been Concerned ^o Act under a Commission of 
the Peace, and as a part of the Service of those who so Act, is to 
hear and Determine complaints for Debts and Demands under forty 
Shillings. Your Petitioner hath suffered much Trouble, Shame and 
Disgrace, in the Discharge of this part of his duty. By the Pro- 
ceedings and through the Practice of William Moore, of the said 
County, Esq., who Hath frequently taken Causes under his Consi- 
deration, and acted in them as he pleased, after the same Causes had 
been Heard & Determined as your Petitioner adjudged according to 
Law, by & before him, to the Damage of the Publick, as also to ye 
Scandal of your Petitioner. 

One instance of the said Practice appears to the World, in the 
Memorial of the said William Moore, in Answer to the (Petition 
No. 9,) of Adam Ramsour, where he asserts that there appeared to 
him a just Debt of fifteen Shillings, due to John Stone, from said 
Ramsour, after your Petitioner had adjudged between the said Par- 
ties, and that the Judgment of your Petitioner could be no Barr to 
the subsequent Judgment of Him the said William Moore. 

The Particulars of the said case may be laid before you. 

Now, although this Law for Determining Demands under forty 
Shillings, hath been long in ilse,yet it seems there is some ambiguity 
in it, or otherwise a misunderstanding in those whose Office it is to 
Execute the same; For your Petitioner is of opinion. That the 
Tenure of the said Law, and the Tenure of the Memorial above- 
mentioned, are Contradictory, the one to the other. He therefore 
Humbly Prays, That you may be pleased to Revise the said Law, 
and supply or explain the same ; Or otherwise to ease your Peti- 
tioner, and Secure the Publick from repeated and excessive Costs, as 
you in your Wisdom shall see Cause. And your Petitioner shall as 
in Duty bound ever Pray, &c. 


1758, 1- 7**. 

We, the Subscribers, Inhabitants of the above mentioned Pl;t>- 
vince, Believing that the Contents of the above Petition is of General 
Concernment, inasmuch as it may be the case of any Person con- 
cerned in Dealing^ to have occasion to sue for Small Demandai, or 


be Ijable to be sued for snob ; We tberefore Hambty desire it may 

be duly Considered. 

Moses Coates, Jun., , Jonat^n Coatxs, 

Thos. YalentinB; * Adam Ramsoweb^ 

David Da vies, John Bourbd, 

Joseph Rogers^ Noble Butler, 

Moses Goates, John Jacobs, Jun., 

John Milhous, Thos. Milhous, Jun., 

John Edwards, John MoCord, 

AmoSb Davibs, David Owen, 

Jonathan YalbntinE; Joshua Baldwin, 

Enoch Butler. David Cadwaladsr. 

Petition fiam. Ligbtfoot ag* Justice Moore, 7 Jan'y, 1758.* 

Letter From MoNsmnR Chauvignerib to his Parents, 


Mod bes cber Pere, 

An commencement de cette nouTelle Ann^ apres Yons avoir d^ 
mendea yotre Benediction qne je vous pris de m aecorder. 

Permettez anssy que je tous donne aVis de mon arrive en Pein- 
silTanie, Nous primmes cinq Enfants Prisonniers, Je suivis le Partis 
pendant cinq Jours, Le 5, J'eus le Malleur de perdre une Galette 
qne J'avois dans le Pond de ma Lemise qui m'auroit servis de 
Noorriture, Toyant que Je n'avois qne 9a poor soutenir Je me mis 
en devoir de la Retrouyez. 

Je fus long Terns ^ cbercber soudain 14 Nuit me prit en cbemin, 
ponr lors me voyant Eloign^ du Partis, Je tirai deux coups de Fusils, 
mais Je n'eus point de Reponsee, ce qui me fait croire qu'ils auront 
pris la Fuite, Croyant que setoient rennemioy qui faisirent une Pour^ 
Suite, J'ai manque de Prudence en efet. 

En fin Je me suis r^soud a Youlloir Rattrapper le Partis, an Bout 
de trois Jours de Marcbes Yoyant qu'il m'etoit impossible de poui'oir 
les Retrouver, et que s'y J^eusse entrepris de me rendre chea vous, U 
m'auroit fallut perdre la vie par le Jeune. 

J'ai oonsiderez alors que la vie m'etoit cber et qu'il falloit pour 
me la eonservez aller d'ou Je devenois. 

J'ai arrivee le 12 8bre, 1757, apres avoir Jeunnes sept Jours 
consecutiye, a un fort, Je ne puis vous dire le nom, vous pouvez 
vous imaginez cber Pere la Situation on J'etois. 

Je suis entre les mains d'un bon Gouverneur qui, a en Considera- 

* See note on p. 828, 


tioa de rous beaoeoap D'egards a moy, lis me comblent de see 
PolitesseSy ils me procurent toas mes Bessoios* Je Buia tree bien 
noarrisy U m'a donn&e la Libert^ dans une petite ville nomm^ Ger- 
mantoann qoi est a deax Lieuz de Philadelphie oa J'ai rest^ deax 
mois en Prison. 

Je ne doute pas cher Pere qae vous ne traittiez bien les Prison- 
niers que vona aves et que yous pourrez avoir, selon leors Condition, 
toutte les Peinnes les plus grandes que J'ai aisnj^ ne me sont Bien 
en Comparaison de celie que yous avez eu de me^ parce que Je crois 
que yous n'avez en auounne Nouvelle de ma Situation et que m'ayez 
cm mort dans les Bois, mais non, J'espere de yotis Revotr Bientot 
^parce que L'on fera un Echangement pour des Anglois PriaonnierB, 
a Dieu mon tres eher Pere ct cbere mere Je vous embrasse de tout 
mon Cceur dans I'Esperanee de vous Embrasser d'une tendre nniti^ 
dont Je vous donnerez de marques tput le Temp de Ma vie soyez en 
persuadez Je vous pris d'avoir le Bontez d'assurer de mes tres hum- 
bles Respects a nos plus proehe Parents. 

Je suis mon tres cher Pere et chore mere aveo nn tree profond 

Votres tres humble et tres 

obeissant soumis Fils, 


Fait k Germantounny oo 8 Janvier, 1758. 
A Mr. La Chauvionbrib.* 

SBo'r Pitt to Gov. Dbkny, 1758. 

Whitehall, 7* Jan'ry, 1758. 

It is with great Concern that I am to acquaint you with the death 
of Her Royal Highness, the Princess Caroline, which happened on 
Wednesday, the 28<* past, about Eleven o'Clock in the Morning, 
have, however, the satisfaction to inform you that the King enjoys 
perfect good Health, tho' His Majesty has been much affected with 
this Melancholy Event. 
I am, 


Your most obedient 

humble Servant, 

Vep^ Gov of Pennsylvania. 

* See his Examinations, p. 294, 805. 


Journal Jambs Pattbrson at Fort Huntbr, 1758. 

The second Journal from tlie fifth of December, 1757 : 

I took with 19 men & ranged from this Fort as far as Robinson's 
Forty where I lodged, keeping a guard of six men & one Corporal 
on Gentry that night. The sixth day I marched towards Hunter's 
Fort, ranging along the mountain foot very diligently till I came to 
the Fort that eveninff, my men being so afflicted with sickness I 
could not send oat till the eighth day, Lien^ Allen, with 14 men, 
went to Range for three days. On the 12^ day Lien^ Allen, with 
Eighteen men & one Serjeant ranged along the mountain abont 14 
miles from this Fort, where he met Cap'. Lieu^ Weiser with his 
party & returned back towards this Fort the next day & came to it that 
night The fifteenth Lien^ Allen, with 18 men, kept along the 
Frontier till the 25 ^, & came to this Fort that night. Hearing of 
Indians harbouring about Juniatta, on the 28th of December I took 
15 men with me up the Creek, and about 14 miles from the month 
of it I found fresh tracks of Indians on both sides of the Creek & 
followed the tracks about four miles up thjS said Creek, where 
I lost the tracks; But I still kept up the Creek Hill I gott 
up about twenty-five miles from the mouth of said Creek^ where I 
encamped that night. The Indians I found were round me all (he 
night, for m^ Dogg made several attacks towards the Woods as if ho 
saw the Enemy and still run back to the Centry. On the 3' of 
January I returned down the Creek in some Canoes that I found on 
said Creek, and when I came about nine miles down I espied about 
20 Indians on the opposite side of the Creek to where I was. They 
Beemed to gett themselves in order to fire upon the men that were in 
Canoes. I immediately ordered them all out but two men that let 
the Canoes float close under the shore, and kept the Land in readi- 
ness to fire upon the Enemy, as soon as they moved out of the place 
where they lay in Ambush, but I could see no more of them. On 
the 5^ day of January I came to this Fort. On the sixth day I 
sent a Serjeant & Corporal with 15 men along the Frontiers of Pax- 
ton and Mannadysy about fourteen miles from this Fort, and on the 
seventh day they returned back to said Fort On their march one 
of the Soldiers espied two Indians Just by one of the Frontier j^an- 
tations ; the Soldiers gave the Serjeant notice, and the Serjeant kept 
on his course, as if he had not known anything of the Indians, till 
he gott some Bushes between the party & the Indians ^nd then gott 
round the place where the Indians were seen, but they hap- 
pening to see the party run off, when our party came to the 
place they saw the Tracks of the Indians plain^ where they run off. 
As I am recruiting to fill up my Comp* again, and my recruits are 
not all qualified as yet, it is not in my power to send y Hon' a Roll 
of my Comp*; but expect in a fiew days to be in Capacity of doing 


it. As I am inseosible there are Enemy Indians upon the Goast^ I 
thoaght it fitting to send j' Hon' this Journal, & remain 

Y' Honour's Most obedient 

humble Servant, 

Fort Hunter^ 
Jan'ry ye 10«', 1758. 

To The Hon"« William Benny, Esq'., 

Lieu^ Oov. & Commander of the 

Province of Pennsilvania. 

Commitment of Wm. Moorb, J, P., 1758. 

Pensylv* ss : 

To* James Coultas, Esq'., Sheriff of the County of Philadelphia >- 

The House of Assembly of this Province hath this day adjudged 
William Moore for writing, Signing and publishing a false, Scandal- 
ous. Virulent & seditious Libel against the last House of Assembly 
of this Province, and Highly derogatory, to & Subversive of the 
Rights & privileges of this present House, and also for a Contempt 
Committed against this House in refusing to anwser Certain Petitions 
exhibited against him Complaining of Misdemeanours & Corrupt 
Practices in his Office as a Justice of the Peace for the County of 
Chester. These are therefore in Behalf & by order of the said 
last mentioned House of Assembly to require & Charge you to re- 
ceive the said William Moore into your Custody within the Comon 
Ooal of your County, under youf Charge, & him therein safely to 
keep & detain untiH you shall receive further orders from this House. 
Hereof Fail not as you shall answer the Contrary at your peril. 

Given under my Hand this Eleventh day of January, in the year 
of our Lord One thousand seven Hundred & fifty Eight.* 

THOS. LEECH, Speaker. 
♦ See farther proceedings CoL Reo., VoL VIL, p. 777. 


Joseph Shippen to Maj. James Burd, 1758. 

Fort Augusta^ 20** January, 1758. 
Bear Brother: 

I had the pleasure to write you the 2' Inst. ^ Mr. Bard, when I 
inclosed you the Returns, &c.y for the 1'* January, 1758, since which 
several small Parties of Delaware Indians have arrived here with 
Skins to trade at the Store ; among the rest came old King Neuti- 
ttosy Joseph & all their Family : And we have now 43 present in- 
ckding Women & Children. Jol[> Chilloway, (Bro'r to Bill Chil- 
lowayj came here t'other day from the Munsey Country at the 
Heads of the Cayuga Branch, above Diahoga; he was bom & bred 
at Egg-Harbour, is a very sensible fellow, & speaks the English Lan- 
gnage perfectly well. fVom all the Circumstances of his Conversa- 
tion k Bchavionr he appears to be a strict Friend to the English In- 
terest; his releasing Armstrong's Wife from the Enemy Indians last 
Sammer, & the prudent precautions he used in sending her here, is a 
Confirmation of my good opinion of him. He assures me that the 
only Indians on the Susquehanna who are our Enemies are those of 
the Munsey Nation ; & they 'are determined to^continue the War 
against the English ; he says he understood from some of th« 
Indians when he came away, that a small Party of French were ex- 
pected next month from Niagara to join a Muncy Captain & some of 
bis Warriours ; & their Intention is to go towards the Settlements 
near Delaware, and to take an English Fort, situated at a place call- 
ed by the Indians the Bending Hill,' which we suppose to be Fort 
Allen. He further informs me that last March he carried a parcel 
of Skins to the French at Niagara to purchase Clothing for his 
Family, which meer Necessity obliged him to do, much contrary to 
his Inclination, observing that the unhappy Indian War had put an 
End to English Trade ; that while he was at that Fort, there were 
bnt five officers, & he computed the Number of Soldiers not to ex- 
eeed 150, who^by his descnption of their appearance & dress, are Regu- 
lars ; that they mounted in the Fort 45 pieces of Cannon, some of 
which were the Brass Field Pieces taken from General Braddook, 
which they intended in the Summer to send to Fo^t Frontenac ; that 
the Fort was strong & pretty large, having in it a great Stone House 
3 Stories high, where the Officers lived. 

' He intends to return to the Munsey Country in a few days in 
order to bring away his things, & in the Spring is determined to live 
among his Brethren, the English, with whom he has alwAys enjoyed 
peace & Friendship. 

. I have the pleasure to inform you that Cap*' Jameson & Lieu^ 
(xarraway arrived here yesterday with 12 Battoes containing 6000 lb. 
flour, 2 hogsheads of Whiskey, 3 Barrels of Salt & 20 Bushels of 


Indian C!orn for tlie Garrison^ besides a Qaantity for Mr. Carson's 

In the morning I shall dispatch off Cap*. Lien^ Davis & Ensigii 
McKee with a Party of 50 Men in the Battoes to make another^ 
trip if possible while the River .is open & favonrable. 

I haTO restricted the Garrison to an allowance of one pound of 
floar ^ man since the 1'^ January, & shall think it Necessary to con- 
tinue the same till Gap^ Davis^s return with an additional supply. 

We have now in Store 17390 lb. flour & 91481 lb. Beef. 

Inclosed yon have a list of Prisoners here for desertion. 

I hope to have the pleasure of a Letter from you soon with an 
agreeable acco* of success in all your Affairs. 

I am very sincerely, 

' D'. Sir, 

Your very Affectionate 

Brother, &c., 


My Compliments to his His Honour, the Governor^ Mr. AUen, 
Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Peters, & all Friends. 

To Major James Burd. 

Major Burd to Adjutant Kern, 1758. 

Reading, 21*' January, 1758. 


Tou'l proceed directly to Visit all the Comp^" of the Provincial 
Troops that are Stationed on the East Side of the River Susqna- 
hanAa, from Hunters Fort to the River Delaware ; you'l muster each 
Comp)" on their Station, Examine their Arms & Ammunition, like- 
wise the Ammunition & Provisions, &c., at each Fort & Station, 
make strickt Inquiry how they are Supplyed with Provisions, & take 
a memorandum of the persons names that supply the Troops, & 
make return of the whole to me at Lancaster, with all Convenient 

I have delivered you the Present Regulation by his Honour the 
Governor, a Copy of which you'l^give to the Command* Officer, at 


each Station ; by the Regulation you'l obserye, that some Gent" thafc 
lately served & are now doing duty are struck off,* you'l please to 
acquaint those Gent" that the Goy' has no further Service for them. 

You have herewith fourteen Commissions, which you'l deliver to 
the Respective Qenf to whom they belong, those whose Commis- 
sioQS are only renewed have nothing to pay, but those that are ad- 
yaoced you must receive from them, agreeably to the Acc\ herewith 
given you, & bring the money to me, being M'. Peters fees as Mili- 
tary Secrecy. 

You'l acquaint the Command' Officer, at each place, that it 
is my Orders that he be careful to keep the Troops Continually 
Scouting in the best manner he can, to Cover the Inhabitants & dis- 
tress the Enemy, & that he send as large partys as he can on this 
Service, from time to time, that he keeps me advised of any Occur- 
rence Regularly. 

I desire that you may make your own Remarks in your Journal 
of any thing that presents itself to you in the Course of this Visit, 
that you may imagine for the good of the Service, and return the 
same to me. 

You will apply to the Commanding Officer, at each Station, for 
your necessary Escorte, who is ordered to supply you. I wish you a 
Good Journey, & I am, 

Your most humble Serv*. 
(Signed) JAMES BDRD. 

To Adjutant Eern. 





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Vol. III.-15 





Lord Loudoun to Gov. Dknnt, 1758. 

New York, January 21-*, 1758. 

Bj a Letter from Sir William Johnson, I am informed that there 
have been Negotiations canying on by some People in your ProTinoe 
with the Indians. His Words are : 

<< I find by the Sennecaa, that the Government of Pennlvania, on 
*^ some Branoh of their Legislature, have taken on them to send out 
^< Belts of invitation at different times^ and that lately to the Sonne- 
'< cas and Cayongas, earnestly desiring that they would meet them 
'^ early next Spring at Weaming or Shamokin, or the Sosquehaana, 
"with as many of their Warriors as they could Possibly Prevail upon. 

" And at the same time tell the Sennecas and Cayougas, that they 
" will not call or invite the Onondagos, Oneidas, Tuscaroras, Mow- 
" hawks, &c.| as they loak on them to be under my direction/' 

Sir William complains loudly on this, as being a direct interfering 
in the Office he has the Honour to serve in by the Kings Commis- 
sion to him ; and as those Irregular Proceedings, whilst they are 
Permitted to be carried on, Put it out of His Power to Execute his 
Office with the same Advantage to the Publick he otherwise could. 

As I have had the Pleasure of talking with you on this Subject, 
I know I need use few Arguments to convince you of the bad con- 
sequences such Proceeding have in our Indian Affairs, and how di- 
rectly contrary they are to the Kings Intention, which are signified 
not only by his Commission to Sir William Johnson, but likeways by 
His Instructions to the Commander in Chief in this Country, all 
which I have explained to you in my former Letters. 

And I must now desire you will use your utmost endeayouis to 
put a stope to this method of Proceeding of some of your People, 
which is so very destructive to His Majesty's Indian interest, and I 
am sure you will see as well as I do that if Particular Provinces, 
and much more Private Societies, who are in no shape aoqusinted 
with the Kings Plans for carrying on the War, are at Liberty to 
draw off, and carry to what Part of the Continent they Please, Part 
of the Indian Nations in Alliance with them, it cannot fail of hav- 
ing the Effect of Weakening the Force that ought to be applied to 
distress the Eo^my and carry the War into the Heart of their Coun- 
try, and must be greatly detrimental to the Common Cause of His 
Majesty's Subjects in North America. 
I am with great Regard, Sir, 

Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant, 


To the Hon"* Governor Denny. 








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The Number of Forces in jhb Pay or the Provhicb, 1758, 

Where Statioo'd/and on what Duty. Y:%. aa p^ bat Retaraa. 

At Fort Augusta, Eight Gompanj's containing 362 

At Fort Littljton, two Comp^ 110 

At Fort Loudoun, two Comp* 109 

At Fort Morris, Shippcnsburg, two Comp^ 112 

At Carlisle, two Gomp* 111 

At the Fort at Hunter's Mill, one Compv 54 

At the Fort on Swatara, one Oompi^ 46 

At Fort Henry, Tolbea, two Comp* 105 

At Fort Will-, Forks of Schuylkil, one Comp>^ 53 

At Fort Allen, one and a half Comp^ 78 

Id Allemingle Township, half a Compr 28 

In Northampton County, at Trisback's Mill, Cheia* ' ^. 

nut Hill, the Wind Gapp^ and Dcpucs, are two :■' • 

Companies \ " 106 

Total, i ^ i2H men/Cxl 

Employed in Garrisoning the Forts and Ba%itig^ v^ ^^/(j 

Gommis^ i 
Philad-, 9th FeV, 1758. 

Conferences with Indians in K J., 1758. 

At a Conference held in the great MeetiDg-Honse at Crosswicks, be- 
tween the Government of New Jersey, and the Indians inhabifiog 
within the same, on the 21st^ 22dy 28d and 24th Days of Febru- 
ary, 1758. 

TUESDAY, the 2Ui Felrmry, 1758. 


The Honourable Andrew Johnston and Bichard SaItar,'E8qr8.» 
Charles Read, John Stevens and William Forster, EBqra.^ Commis- 
Bioners for New Jersey, by Act of General Assembly. 

Teedyescank, King of the Delawares. 
George Hopayock, from the Susquehanah. 
Indiana from Cranherrif. CroumcJa Indiam, 

Thomas Store, Andrew Wooley, 

Stephen CaivM; George Wheelwright, 


John Pompshiroy * Peepj, 

Benjamin Claus^ Joseph <3uisb, 

Joseph Wooley, William Loulax, 

Josiah Store, Gabriel Mitop, 

IsaAo Still, Zeb. Gonohee, 

James Calvin, Bill News, 

Peter Calvin, John Pembolufl, 
Dirick Quaquay, 

Ebenezer Wooley, Mouniain Indtam. 
Sarah Store, Widow of Qua- Moses Totamy, 

qaahelah. Philip. 

Southern Indtatu. Raritan Indian. 

Abraham Loques, Tom Evans. 

Isaac Swanelae, 

AncocvA Indiana. 

Robert Kekott, 
Jacob Mai lis, 
Sam. Gosling. 

John Pompshire, Interpreter. 

The Commissioners appointed Charles Read, Esq., to inform the 
Indians of the Caase of calling them togethQ|r } who, by their Direc- 
tions, spoke to them aa follows : 


' In January last was a Twelvemonth we called yoa together, to 
' satisfy you, that the Disorders committed in the Back Parts of 
' Pennsylvania and this Colony, by the Indians, had not lessened 
' the Affection which this Colony had for their Friends and Brethren 
' the Indians, who lived peaceably and quietly among us, and to 
' assure you of the Protection of this Government. 

' At that Time, you were desired to open your Hearts, and to lay 
'before them any Burthen you had on your Minds; and you then 
' mentioned to them, some Abuses you were subject to, by the pri- 
'^vate Sales made by some of your own People, and the Inconyeni- 
' ences you suffered from the Setting of Traps, and by being cheated 
' of your Goods when in drink, and which you requested might be 
' prevented : You then told them, that you thought you had still a 
' Kight to some Pieces of Land which you apprehended you had 
' never sold. ' 

< They then assured you,, that they would make a Report of all 
' those Matters, and fall upon Measures to prevent for the future 
' the Abuses you complained of; and a Law has passed for that 
5 Purpose ; which, if well executed, must be an effectual Remedy ; 
' and every Expectation the Commissioners then gave you, is com- 
' plied with by that Law. 

< We, the Commissioners who are present, are impowered to meet 


'jon, and to hear what Claims joa h%ye to Lands within this 

< Colony, and are to report the same to the Legislature. In Duty 
'to onrselve^ and Regard to yon, we mtist desire you to lay before 
' us, all such Demands as any of you may havOi with a Description 
'where the Lands lie, and what Englishmen are possessed of, or 

< pretend Claim to them ; and as Notice has been sent to all the 
' Towns of Indians, we expect to have all your Claims laid before us 
' at this Time, that no more Pretences may be hereafter made. In 
' doing this, as yon have Traditions among you of the Transactions 
' of your AnceslorSy we hope you will be so equitable, as not to give 
' as the Trouble of seeking for the Deeds for I^inds you know to 

< have been sold : And we esteem it right to inform you, that wo 
' shall not pretend to dispute the Titles you have among yourselves, 
' but shall and must deem an Indian Deed sufficient to convey the 
'Lands within it : And that we are not at this Time authorised to 
* do any Thing more than to hear your Claims^ and to make a Re- 
' port thereof to the Government ; and it is rqsolved to do you the 
' strictest Justice/ % 

Then the Indians, after considering what the Commissioners had 
said to them, and of which they had a Copy delivered them, toge- 
ther with the late Treaty at Crosswicks, and the Act of Assembly 
passed agreeable thereto, iDformed the Commissioners, that they 
would deliver their Answer To-morrow Morning at Ten o^clock. 

Wednetday, 22d of February, 1758. 
FBE8ENT, as Yesterday. 

Teedyescunk acquainted the Commissioners, that they had settled 
the Claims of the Indians, which he was ready to deliver. 

The Commissioners then informed the Indians, that the ealling 
them all together was expensive to the Colony, and inconvenient to 
themselves, and requested them to think of some other Method of 
transacting their general Affairs with this Colony. 

Then the Conference broke up. 

Wednaday AfUmoon. 

The Commissioners and the Indians met 

Teedyescunk informed the Commissioners, that they had agreed 
to impower five Persons, or the major Part of them, to transact all 
fature necessary Business^ and that as they had Writers among 
themselves, they would set forth their Intentions, and give full 
Powers, and would have it ready in the Morning. 


Thurtday, February 28d, 1758. 

The Commisuonen and Indians, as Yesterday. 

The Indians informed the Commissioners, that the Lands they 
claim'd eould not be by them described by Lines very intelligible to 
Persons not on the Spot, as they went to Hollows and small Brooks 
which had no certain Names assigned them, bat that they had men- 
tioned them in the most certain Manner they ooold to fix their Sta- 
tions, ani hoped it would be satisfactory. And then 

The Indians delivered the following Papers, respecting die Lands 
they esteemed unpurchased* . Totamy delivered 

No. 1. A Power of Attorney from Oapoose and Talaman, to 
Moses Totamy, dated the 30th of January, 1748-4, for Lands on 
the South and South-West Side of the South Branch of Rariton, 
joining thereto, as explained by the said Power. 

No. 2. A Paper declaring^ the Lands from the Salf-Way from the 
Mouth of Metetcunk to Tom's River^ from the Sea to the Heads of 
the Rivers, bclons to Capt. John, Totamy Willockwis^ and from 
John Eistels to Hockanetcunk on Crosswioks, then on a strait Course 
to Mount Holly, and so up Ranchocas Creek to the Head, and from 
thence to the Heads of Wisteconk Creek, and along the said Creek 
to Jarvis Farrow's Mill, and so to the Sea. Pompahire and Stephen 
Calvin, say they are concerned in this Tract. 

No. 8. A Power of Attorney to Totamy and Capt John, dated 
the 21st February, 1742, from Tawleynemun Jobokenum Gooteleck, 
to sell Lands on Egg Harbour, between Mount Holly and Cross- 

They have a T^ct of Land beginning at the Old Ford by John 
Fowlers, then on a line to Doctor's Creek, above, but in Sight of 
Allentown, then up the Creek to the lower End of Imlaj's Town, 
then on a Line to Crosswicks Creek by Duke Horseman^ then 
along the said Creek to the Place of Beginning. Teedyescunk and 
Totamv are concerned in the above Lands. Then they said, that 
from the Mouth of Squan to No. 2, belongs to Sarah Store, to whom 
it was given by her Husband, to the Heads of the Branches, and so 
across &om one Branch to the other. • 

Tom Store and Andrew Wooley claim a Tract between Cranberry 
and Devil's Brook, possess'd by Josiah Davison's Sons, that has two 
new Houses built thereon, in which is included the whole Tract of 
the late President Hamilton, and also Mr. Alexander's Survey?, 
where Thomas Sowden lives; he has sold part of this Tract to Hoi- 
linshead, where M'Gree lives; also, has sold some to Josiah Davison, 
to Doore Marlat, John Wetherill, and James Willson : He claims 
Lands from Cranberry Brook to the cross Roads lying on the Right 
hand of the Road, and is claim'd by William Pidgeon ; James Wall 
and John Story lives upon one Corner of it : Also, a Piece upon 


Poiiq>ton River, the Livers upon it he knows not ; it lies in one 
Piece, and is the ^me that Mr. Woodruff and Company were ahout 
purchasing of him. 

They also claim from the Month of Sqnan to the Mouth of Shrews- 
berry River, up the Streams of each to their HeadS| and across from 
ooe Head to the other. 

Also, Vanot's Place, on the West Side of Sqoan River. 

Also, a Pieoe at Topanemus Bridge: In this Piece Ben Clans is 

Tom Store and Andrew Wooley, also claim a Pieoe on the North 
Side of South River, Polly Ritchie's Place. 

Also, a Pieoe between Allentown and Millstone Brook, where 
Hockan Grapee used to live, joining on the East Side of the Post 
Road to Anaboy ; Part of Dnnstar's Trict. 

Also, Vanse's Place, joining to Millstone Brook, on Amboy Bead, 
Part of Follerton's Tract. 

Also, a Swamp near Oawen Watson's Plaoci belon^g to the 
Johnston's Pamily, and the Furmans. 

Isaac Still claims from the Month of Oreat Egg Harbour River to 
the Head Branches thereof on the East Side, so to the Road that 
leads to Great Egg Harbour, so along the Road to the Sea Side| 
except Tuckahoe, and the Sammers, Steelman and Skull's Places. 

Robert Kecott datms in Pile's Grove, the Places whereon John 
Mayhne's Sons live. 

Also, the Township of Deerfield, in the County of Cnmberland, 
where the Presbyterian Meeting- House stands. 

Also, the Tracts of James Wasse, Joseph Peck and Stephen 

Jacob Mullis claims the Pine Lands on Edge Pillock Branch, and 
Goshen Neck Branch, where Bei^amin Sprinser and George Mar- 
pole's Milb stand, and all the Land between the Head Branches of 
those Creeks to where their Waters join or meet. 

Abraham Loqnes claims the Cedar Swamp, on the East Side of 
Tuckahoe Branch, which John Campaion and Peter Campbell have 
or had in Possession. 

Also^ Staypson's Island, near Delaware River. 

Tom Store claims 80 Acres adjoining Richard Parks, Wheel- 
wright, in Middlesex County. 

Teedyescunk claims a Tract in Hunterdon, called Neshannock, 
beginning at Philip Ringoe's House, which stands near a Corner of 
it, and so along the Road that leads from thence to Brunswick, as 
far as Ncshannock Creek, thence up the same to George Hatten's, 
thence on a strait Course to Petit's Place, and so on to a Hill caird 
Paatquacktung ; thence in a strait Line to the Place of Beginning ; 
which Tract was reserved at the Sale, and marked out by Washa- 
way, who is alive. 

The Indians in general claim their Settlements near Cranberry, 



on Menolapon River, in Falkoner'a Traot^ whereon many of the 
Indians now live. 

And also, a few Acres below the Plantation of Robert Pearson's^ 
on the North Side of Crosswick's Creek. 

The Indians present then execated a Power of Attorney, appoint- 
ing Tom Store, Moses Totami, Stephen Calvin, Isaac Still, and John 
Pompshire, or the major. Part of them, to transact -all fatare Bosi- 
ness with this Government respecting Lands, and releasing all 
Claims, for themselves and their Heirs, to the Proprietors of the 
respective Divisions, and the Parchasers under them, to all the 
Lands in this Colony not included in the List of the Lands which 
they this Day delivered in, and all such within the List as Deeds 
from any Indian Inhabitant of thi3 Colony, shall appear to contain ; 
except the Claims of the Minisink and Pompton Indians, on the 
Northern Parts of this Province; which Power was acknowledged 
by all the Parties to it, before John Imlay, Esq., in order to be first 
recorded| and then delivered to the Indian Attomies. 

Friday y 24^ Day of February^ 1758. 


The Commissioners and Indians aforesaid. 

The Indians delivered in a Petition, complaining of unjust Mea- 
. sures pursued by John Williams, of Monmouth, in defrauding them 
of their Lands ; and desiring Relief. 

The Commissioners promised to lay the same before the L^s- 

Teedyescunk then told the Commissioners, that he was very well 
pleased with what was done, and esteemed the Methods concluded 
op to be just and and equitable. To this all the Indians assented. 

Then the Minutes were read, examined, and agreed to by 

Teedyescunk § King of the Andrew Johnston, 

Delawares. Richard Saltar, 

Thomas ) Store, Charles Read, 

Moses Motami, M. T., ' John Stevens, 

Stephen Calvin, William Foster. 
Isaac Still, 
John Pompshire. 

After which the Commissioners and Indians took Leave of each 
other, and the Conference broke up.'*' 

* From the printed Minutes of the Conference. 



To the HoDoonible William Deneji Esq.; Goyemor of the PrOTinoe * 

of Pennfljlyamai &c. 

We, your Humble Petitioners, the Dietressed and agneved inha- 
bitants of the .Frontier parts of Northamton County, Humbly pre- 
Bameth to once more aply to your Honour by way of Petition, as we 
see that your Honour has been carefuU upon all oecasions to shew 
jour Willingness to asist and help the Distressed, by ordering your 
troops to the best advantage, according to the best Information that 
Toar Honour has Received from our situations. We don't at all 
rresmne to direct your Honour in what manner to post your troops, 
bot we would Humbly offer that we think that as there is some of 
the troops has been brought over the Mountains and placed in the 
frontiers which has been great Encouragement to the Frontiers, it 
being a closer Quard, and we would Humbly move it to your Honour 
that it would be a great satisfaction to us that the other Ghurisons 
over the Mountains might be removed and Posted in a range with 
them that is already posted amongst us, as it would Greatly strengthen 
the Guard, and as they are stationed now so far from the Inhabit- 
ants, we cannot see as it is safe for them nor us, that seeing the 
Provisions and amunition may be Intercepted, and all communica- 
tion out off between them and us, until they cut them off, and so 
leave the Country open to .the Enemy. Whereas, if they were 
posted nearer, we might be the more helpfuU to one another, and 
Safe for the Inhabitants and Frontiers of the Province. We hope 
your Honour will be pleased to take this our Humble petition into 
jour consideration, and Grant us Whatsoever protection your Honour 
may see best and most agreeable to the Situation of times and 
afiiuis, and your Humble Petitioners shall ever Pray. 

and others. 
Northamtown County, 

March 1, 1758. 

Bbturn op Provisions, CiiOATHiiira, AMuirnioN, Tools, 

&c., IN Storb at Fort Augusta, the 1st Day op 
March, 1758. 

75 J86 pounds of Beef^ 5 Dra^ Chains* 

3694 pounds of Flour. 4 Ordinary Cross cut Saws. 

7 Sheep. 4 Ordinary Whip Saws. 

2 Bushells of Salt. 1 New, Ditto. 

40 Gallons of Rum. 3 Ordinary Hand Saws. 



23 ponudfl of Mfttofa Rope. 

12 Old Great CoatSy entirely worn 

178 pairs of coarse jam Stockiogs. 
23 Brass Kettles. 
5 Ditto, not worth mending. 

14 Frying Pans. 

15 Beams of Cartridge Paper. 

4 Horse Bells. 

8 Pairs of Steelyards. 

9 Old Lanthorn Frames, useless. 
1 Set of old Cooper's Tools. 

1 Set of old Carpenter's, do. 

82 old Carrying SaddloS| useless. 
i Piece Osenbrigs. 
18 Tarda of Flannel. 
12 Horse Collars. 

10 Pitching Axes, good. 

56 Do.y worn oat, not worth Steel- 
10 Ordinary Broad Axea. 

7 Do., Drawing Knives. 

5 Do., Adzes. 
70 Tomahawks. 

8 Hammers. 

22 Spades, mostly worn out. 
21 Shovels, Do. 
15 Maul Rings. 

2 Hand Screws. 

Pair of Traioes. 

2 Do., Diiteh Saw& 
28 Pick Axes. 
18 Grubbing Hoes. 
18 Broad, Ditto. 
8 Frows. 
& Crow Bars. 

6 Iron Wedges. 

7 Calking Irons. 

298 New Blankets, Distributed 

amongst the Soldiers. 
282 Old do., worn out, pistn* 

buted amongst the Soldiers. 
14 Batteaus, patch'd up for ye 

pres^ use. 

8 pieces of Cannon. 
2 Swivels. 

7 Blunderbusses. 

818 Small arms, good. 

114 Do., Out of Order. 

104 Cannon Bull. 

1801 Grape Shot, made up fax 

46 Hand Granadoes. 
1600 Flints, very ordinary. 
i Cask of Nails. 
2 Grind Stones, almost worn 

} Faggot of Steel. 
4501b. wt. of Bar Iron. 

In Store, . - . - 
Made up into Cartridges for 

Cannon & Swivells, 
In the Soldiers horns & pouches, 

Um . 


" 03 



















Ad ^^ 

2 GQ O 





Expended this last Month, i Barrell of powder by the Soldiers, 
in teaching them to shoot at marks, and keep their Arms in Order. 

Capt. in Augusta Reg'. 


Capt. Lloyd to Gov. D., 1758, 

Banter's Fort» March 6th, 1758. 

I have the Honor to inform jon, that on Saturday the 4th instant, 
the Batteanx left this place for Aognsta, laden with 11,200 wl. of 
Flour, one Hogshead of Rum, & a Hogshead of Indian Com, and 
this day I had the pleasure to bear hy a Messenger from Augusta, 
that they encamp'd the 5th instant, above Berry's Falls, all well, & 
the River navigable. I expect their return in a few days, and have 
already collected thirty-nine Barrels, and six thousand weight of 
Floor, which I shall dispatch with all possible expedition ; 'twas my 
misfortune not to meet Gol. Bard on my way here» agreeable to your 
Honor's orders, being deceived by the intelligence of a Person who 
told me he was at Lancaster, at a time when he was far remote on 
the Eastern Frontier. I left your Honor Letter to Col. Bard, in 
the care of M'. Shippen, at Lancaster, and am, with all possible 
Your honors most ob* & very humble 



John Bulkley to Gov. Denny, 1758. 

May it please your Honour, 

The profound. Respect which your Honour's station and character 
demand from me, have not been able to restrain my humble Grati- 
tude for the Favour of your Honour's Recommendation of me the 
last year, to Capt. Sibbald, in consequence of which I was made first 
Hate to the Master of tH9' Province Ship, and 1 hope that the en- 
dosed Certificate will shew that my Behaviour on board, has done 
no Diiihonour to your Honour's recommendation, notwithstanding 
that it might seem from^e Discharge of the Master, myself and 
his other two Mate/i, when the Vessel was laid up, and the placing 
Mr. Read, 'till then a Midshipman, as Master, who has been borne 
in pay in that station, ever since that the former Master and his 
Mates were some way or other deficient in their Duties. But not- 
withstanding this seeming Imputation, I am persuaded that I ought 
not to dispense with myself for neglect of the Duty that I owe to 
my King- and Country, for any supposed injurious Treatment re- 
ceived by me from particular persons among my fellow Subjects, 
and therefore I thought myself obliged, after presenting your Honour 


with the poor Tribute of my humble and grateful ackiiowIedgmeii)B 
for your former ooDdeBcension, to inform your Honour that I am 
ready to render to my King and Country, all the Servioes in vaj 
power, whenever your Honour shall again be pleased to demand it, 
m any Station suited to my abilities. I depend upon the known 
Candour and Humanity of your Honour for a pardon, for thus boldly 
presuming to throw a hindranoe in the way of the important aflEun 
that are under your Honour's Consideration and Direction. 
I am, may it please your Honour, 

Your Honour's most obliged, most obedient 

^ and devoted humble Servant, 


These are to certify, the Honourable the Governor and the Com- 
missioners of the Province Ship Pennsylvania, That Mr. Joha 
Bulkeley served in Quality of Master's Mate under my Command, 
on board the said Ship, from the 22d day of August, 1757, to the 
date hereof, during which time he behaved himself with the utmost 
Sobriety, Care and Diligence, being always obedient to Command, 
therefore recommend him worthy of employ. 

Given under my hand, this 9th Day of December, 1767. 


To the Honourable William Denny, Esq. 

Capt. Jacob Orndt to Timothy Horsbfield, 1758. 

Dear Sur, 

The bearer whereof, escordis five Indians to Bethlaham, tbey 
arrifed here yesderday, in 45 Days from Tioko, and from fort Ausosta 
they have a Pertikuler meassige to Titit^kon, but I can not karn 
what it might bee, they shoad me their w^amboms, which are four 
Great bealts. I hope yon will bee so Kind to let me no whot news 
they will bring to Ditiuskon. 
I am; Sir, 

Your most humble Servid, 

. Fort Allan, 

^iarch 7th, 1753. 

Directed. — Mr. Timothy Horsficld, Esq., att Bathlaham. 


Col. Burd to Capt. Jacob Okndt, 1768. 

Philadelphia, March 70 8th, 1768. 

I'm Commanded bj his Honour the Governor to Acquaint Tou 
that there is Ten Delaware Indians at Present at Fort AugustSi 
who intend to come to Philadelphia by the way of Fort Allen, upon 
basineas of great Importance with the Governour. Tou'l there* 
fore be very earefuU to receive these Indians kindly, & to send an 
Escort of two Soldiers with them from Fort Allen to Philad*., let 
these Soldiers be Men of Prudence, & give them Your Positive 
Orders to do Every thing in their Power to make the Journey 
agreeable to the Indians, and to inform the Country as they come . 
Along that the Indians are on their way to the Governour with 
good News; in this You will tiot fail. 


Send by William Cairns, who Sets Out to-Morrow Morning at 
Seven O'Clock. 

To Cap^ Jacob Omdt. 

Timothy Horsfield to Gov. Denny, 1768. 

Beth-, March 9, 1758. 
May it Please Your Honour, 


At my Betum home last night I found the Inclosed Letter from 
Cap^ Omdt I have not Learnt what the Message of these Indians 
to Teedyuscung is. Only in the General am Informed they say they 
bring good News. 

This Morning Teedyuscung Demanded a Man & Horses to go to 
Philad*., to Speak with your Honour; the Brethren have sent th« 
Bearer, Paul Christian Stouber, to Conduct them. 
I am your Honour's Most 

Obed* Humble Serv*, 



(On his Majesty's Service.)— To the Honourable William Dcnny^ 
Esquire, Governor of the Province of Pensylvania. 

Indorsed.-^" By Teedyuscung, Read in Council, 13th March." 


Journal of James Burd, 1758. 

Thursday, 16** February, 1758. 

This morning, Sett out from Lancaster to Visitt the Troops from 
Sosquahanna, to Delaware, took Cap*. Hanbright* along with me. 

This evening, gott to Barny Hughes's," where I stay all night; 
Be?ere weather & bad roads. 

17% Friday. 
This morning, GaptP Hanbrigfat taken very bad, which obli^ 
me to stay here all this day ; Sent an Espress to Lanoasfeer fiir 
Doctr Thomson ; the Docf arrived here at 7 P. M. 

18* Saturday. 
Obliged to leave Capt» Hanbright here, I sett off this morning at 
9 A.. M. for Hunters Fort, at 2 P. M. arrived at Harris's, found 
Lieu** Broadhead & Patterson & Commissary Oalbraitb here, & 20 
men, at } after 3 P. M. sett off for Hunter's Fort, arrived at dark, 
found the Capt"* Patterson & Davis here with 80 men, the Gapt"* 
informs me that they have not above 3 loads of Ammunition A 
man, ordered M'. Barny Hughes to send up here a Barrel of powder 
& lead, answerable in the mean time, borrowed of Thomas Galloher 
40 pound of poudder & 100 pound of lead ; Ordered a Beview of 
the Garrison to morrow morning at 9 A. M. 

19% Sunday. 

Had a Beview this morning of Oapt* Patterson's O. and fonnd 
them Compleat 53 men, 44 Province arms,~& 44 Oartouoh boxes, no 
pawder, nor lead, divided i pint of poudder & lead in Proportion » 
man, found in this Fort 4 months Provision for the Garrison. 

Capt* Davis wiCh his party of 55 men was out of Ammunition 
divided } pint of poudder & lead in proportion to them. Capt* 
Davis has gott 12 Thousand weight of flour foit the Battoes, Sundry 
of the Battoes are leekey, that they can't swim and must be kft 

Capt* Patterson can't Scout at present for want of Officers, 
Ordered him to apply to the Oooatry to Assist him to Stockade the 
Fort aggreablfi to their promise to His Hon'' the Gove^l^ 3 men 
sick here. 

This day at 11 A. M. march'd for Fort Swettarrow, got to Craw- 
ford's, 14 miles from Hunter's, here I stay all night, it luin'd 

Had a Number of applications from the Country for ProtectioQ| 
otherwise they would be immediately obliged to fly from their Set- 
tlements, appointed to meet them to hear their Complaints, and 
proposalls, on Tuesday at 10 A. M. at Fort Swettarrow ; the Conn- 
try is thick settled this march along tho blue mountains & very fioe 


20**, Munday. 

Ifsreh'd this morning at 11 A. M., tnett a Serg* ft 12 men here, 
vfao laafch'd with me Imek to Swettarrow, Ibis daj it ndii'd maeb^ 
gotfc to Swettarrow Fori at 4 P. M.^ tbe roads extream bad, tbe 
soldierB marcb witb great difficulty, found Capt* Lieu* Allen k 3$ 
Ben here per report; this is 11 miles from Crawford's. 

21*', Tuesday. 

Reviewed tbe Garrison this Morning at 10 A. M. ft found 88 men. 
Vis'., 21 belonging to Gapt. Leu*. Allen, ft 17 detaebed from Gapt* 
Weisers G*. ; of Gaptn. Aliens 18 men for 8 years, no province arms 
fitt for use, no Kettles, nor blankets, 12 lb. of poudder ft 25 lb. of 
lead, no poudder Horns, pouches, nor Cartouoh boxes, no Tomahawks 
nor ProYiDce tools of any kind, 2 months provision. 

Some Soldiers Absent ft others hyr'd in their place which has 
1)een a Custom here, the soldiers under no Dissipline. Ordered a 
Serg* ft 12 men to be always out upon the Scout from hence to 
Crawford's, keeping along the blue mouDtain, altering their routs, ft 
a targett to be erected 6 Inches tbick^^ in order to practice the 
Soldiers in Shouting. 

This day 12 M. D. the Country People came here, I promise them 
to station an officer ft 25 men at Robertson's mill, this mill is situate 
in the Center between the Forts, Swattarrow ft Hunter^ this gave 
the People Content * 

March'd at 1 P. M. for Fort Henry, at 3 P. M. gott to Soudder's 
7 miles, left Lieu*. Broadhead to march the party 4 miles to SneevlyS| 
there to hault ail niffht ft to march to Fort Henry in the morning, 
6 miles, the roads being very bad, marohM my self with Adjutant 
Thorn and 8 men on horse book arrived at Fort Henry at 5 P. H., 
found here Capt^ Wieser, Adjutant Kern, ft tbe Ensigns Biddle ft 
Craighcd, doing duty with 90 men. Ordered a Review of the Oar- 
riaon to morrow at 9 A. M. 

22*, Wednesday. 

Had a Review this morning at 9 A. M., found 90 soldiers under 
good Command, ft fine fellows. Examined the stores ft found about 
2 months Provision in Store, ft am inform'd by the Comd' Officer 
there is 2 rao*. more ab' 6 miles from hence at Jacob Myers Mill ; 
no poudder^ 224 lb. of lead^no flints, ab 80 Province arms belonging 
to these two Comp^*, ffood for nothing. 

Ordered Ensigne Craighead with 18 men of this Garrison to 
march tomorrow morning to Fort Swettarrowj and there to apply to , 
Capt* Allen and to Receive from him 7 men, ft with this party of 
25 men to march from thence to Robertson's mill, there to take 
Post, to order from thence a Serg^ Corporall ft 8 men to tbe house 
of Adam Read, %q'., ft to Employ his whole party in Gontinuall 
ranging to Cover these Fronteers; ThisI found myself under a 


Necessity of doing, otherwise severall Townships here would be 
Evacuated in a few days. 

Ordered Ensigne Holler to march back my Escort to Hmter's 
Fort tomorrow morning, & Oapt" Wieser to Oontinoe to range frau 
thb to Fort NorthkiU & Swettarrow, to Employ all his Jvdgm^ 
to waylay the Enemy ft protect the Inhabitants. This is a wvj 
good Stockaded Fort^ & every thing in good order, & duty done 
pritty well. 

March'd to-day at 11 A. M. A; arrived at Conrad Wieser, Esq**, 
at 3 P. M., 14 miles, where I found 4 Quarter Casks 'of poudder 
belonging to the Province, 8 of which I ordered to Fort Henry, and 

1 To Fort SwettaraoW; no lead here, very bad roads & cold weatheri 
stayed all night. 

23*, Thursday. 
- March'd this morning and arrived at Beading at 8 P. M. found 
Capt» Morgan here, this is 14 miles from M^ Wieser's. Ezamin'd 
the stores here and found 77 blanketts, 8 pound of poudder, 300 Ik 
of lead, and half a Cask of flints. Ordered 56 blankets to be sent 
to Capt- Patterson's C^, and 11 to Capt- Lieu^ Allen's, 200 pound 
of lead to Fort Henry, & 100 pound to Swettarow, gave the 8 pound 
of poudder to Capf" Morgan, & 400 flints to each Comp^. 

Before I came to Reading, the Adjutant Kern had sent by I^eu^ 
Ingle, blanketts for 4 Comp)«, VIsk* : Capt» Orndt, Weatherholt, 
Davis, & Qarraway, 224, & one Quarter Cask of poudder, 300 bam 
of lead, and 1600 flints. 

• 24% Friday. 

This morning sett out for Fort William, arrived at Peter Rodenoils 
at 2 P. M., 15 miles from Reading, it snowed and blowed so pro- 
digeousely I stayed here all night. 

25», Saturday. 
March'd this morning, the snow deep, for Fort William, arrived 
at Fort William at 12 M. D., here was Lieu^ Humphrys & Ensigne 
Hary, ordered a Review of the Garrison at 2 P. M. ; at 2 P. M. 
Reviewed the Gan*ison & found 58 good men, but difficient in Dissi- 
pline, stores, 3 Quarter Casks of poudder, 150 lb. of lead, 400 flints, 
& 56 blanketts, no arms fitt for use, no Kettles, nor tools, nor drum^ 

2 months Provision. 

Here I found a targett erected, ordered the Company to shout at 
the mark, sett them the Example myself by wheeling round & fire- 
ing by the word of Command. I shott a bullott into the Centre of 
the mark the size of a Dollar, distance 100 yards. Some of them 
shott tolarable bad, most of their Arms are very bad. 

Ordered Cap^ Morgan to Continue to pattroQ' to Northkill & 


26th, Sunday. 
Marched from hence at 10 A. M., went over the Mountains to 
Mr. Everitt's where Captain Weatherholt is stationed, the snow ex- 
eeedi&g deep ooaid'make little way, at 3 P. M., arrived at Valentine 
Pluleprot'a, 20 mileS; here I stay all Dight. 

27th, Monday, 

Marched this morning at 8 A. M. for Mr. Everitt's, arrived at 9 
A. M., 4 miles, ordered a Review of that part of the Company that 
is here, found Cap^. Weatherholt, Lieu*. Gieger & 24 men, 3 being 
riek A absent, d-months' Prorvisions, 5 pounds powder, no lead, each 
man has a pound of powder in his Cartonoh box & lead in propor- 
tion, no kettles, nor blankets, 25 Province Arms. 

Ordered to Cap*. Weatherholt 56 blanketts, 25 lb. of powder & 
bO barrs of lead & 400 flints, Cap*. Weatherholt to Scout to the 
Westward 10 miles, & to the eastward 10 miles, Lieu*. Oeiger from 
henoe to his post in Coll. Armstrong's Battallion. 

Marched from hence to Fort Allen at 11 A. M., gott to the top of 
the Blue Mountain at 2 P. M., from hence saw AUamingle, it is a 
fine Country, but the Country on the North side of the Mountain is 
an intire barren Wilderness, not capable of Improvements. 

Arrived at Fort Allen at i after 2 P. M. a prodigious Hilly plaooi 
and poor land, 15 miles from Mr. Everitt's, ordered a review ef this 
Garrison to-morrow at 8 A. M. 

28, Tuesday. 

At 8 A. M. revipred this Ghirrison ; doing duty. Cap*. Omdt, 
Lien**. Hays & Laughery, Ensigne Quixell & 75 men, this is a very 
good Garrison, Stores, 2 months' Provisions, 225 pounds powder, 
300 lb. lead, 500 flints, 2 Sweevell Guns, 26 Province Arms bad, no 
Drum, kittles, nor blanketts, 1 spade, 1 shoYel], 1 Grubing how, Su 
14 bad axes. 

This is a very poor Stockade, surrounded with Hills, situated on a 
barren plain, through which the River Lecky runs, distance ab* 70 
yards from the Fort, there is scarce room here for 40 men, 
, Ordered Cap*. Orndt to Regulate his Ranging by his Intelligence 
from time to time, as he informed me that 5 Indians from Bethla- 
hem has promised faithfully to Cap*. Orndt to come here & recon- 
noitre the woods constantly round & to furnish him with Intelligence 
likewise to put up a Targett 6 Inches thick to learn the Soldiers to 

Sett off from hence at 10 A. M. for Lieu*. Ingle's post, arrived at 
Lien*. Ingle's at 4 P. M., ordered a Review Immediately, & found 
here Lieu*. Ingle jind 30 good men in a very good Stockade, which 
he is just finishing, 15 miles ftx)m Fort Allen Stores, 10 lb. powder, 
10 lb. lead, 12 Province Arms bad, no blankitte, 4 spades, 3 shovell» 
2 Grubing hows & 4 iazefl, arrived at Lieu*. Snyder's Station at 7 


P. M.^ 8 milcs^ ordered a review k^morrow momingi here! stay d 

March !•', Wednesday. 

BoYiewed ihia morning & found hero Lieu^ Sn jder k 23 men vn- 
dissiplined, 15 lb. powder, 30 lb. lead, no blankd^ts, 8 ProTinee 
Arms bad. 

Lieu^ Hamphreys relieved Lient. Soyder this morning, ordered 
Lidut. Snyder to his post over Susqaefaanna. 

I am informed by the officers here, Lieut*. Ingte A Snyder, that 
Willson, Esq'., a Majestrate in this County, has aoquaintod the 
Farmers that they should not assist the Troops unless the offioen 
Immediately pay, & that said Willson has likewise informed ye sol- 
diers they should not take their Regimeatalls^ as it only putts aionej 
in their offieer? pocketts. I found a Sergt. Confined here on aooo^ 
of Mutiny, and have ordered a Regementall Court MartiaU this 
morning, at this Station there is two barricks, no stockade. 

Marched from hence to Lieut. Hyndshaw's Station at 10 A. V., 
arrived at Nasereth at 1 P. M., here dined, 8 miles. Sett off again 
at 2 P. M , arrived at Tead's at 3 P, M., 6 miles. Here I fouod 
Eusigne Kennedy with 16 men, who informed me that Lieut. Hjad- 
shaw & Ensigne Hughes would be here one hour hence, at i after 5 
P. M. Mess*^ Hyndsbaw & Hughes arrived frith 14 men. 

Ordered a Bevew & found here 80 good men» stares, 50 ponsds 
of powder & 100 pound of lead, no flints, one Wall piece, 1 sbovell, 
13 axcflgood for nothing, & 28 Tomhawks, 56 blanketts, 46 Gaos^ 
46 Cartouch boxes, little Provision here and no Conveniency to lay 
up A Store } this is very bad Quarters, the Houaeip built in a Swaiip, 
bad water. 

2*, Thursday. 

Marched from hence at 9 A. M. for Mr. Samuell I>epew8, went 
by the way of Fort Hamilton to Vew that place, arrived at Fort 
Hamilton at 2 P. M., vew^ it & found it a very poor Stockade, with 
one large house in the middle of it & some familys living in it This 
is 15 miles from Teads's. 

Arrived at Mr. Depews at 4 P. M., 6 miles, snowed mack & 
prodigeous cold, ordered a Bevew to-morrow morning at 9 A. M. 

This is a very fine Plantation, Situate upon the Kiver Delaware, 
21 miles from Teads's & 100 miles from Pbila'a., they go in Boats 
from hence to Pbila«. by the River Delaware, which carrys ibont 22 
Ton. This place is 35 miles from Easton & 38 from Bethhhem. 
There is a pritty good Stockade here & 4 Sweevells mounted & good 
accommodation for soldiers. 

8*, Friday. 
Revewed this Oarrison and found here 22 good men, 50 lb. of 
powder, 125 lb. of lead, no flints, a great Quantity of BealF, 1 sup- 
pose 8 mo^ ProvisiQiis for a Compel but ao flour, plenty of floor at 


ike MIO, about 800 juds from the Fort My hones being Igrred 
I'm obliged to hsiilt here to-daj. Extream cold. The Coantry vp- 
ply for » Company to be stationed here. Ordered Snaigne fioghea 
to his Post at Swettamiw. 

4th, Saturday. 
Sett oiOr this morning for Easton, extream cold, anived at Teada's, 
21 miles, at 1 P. M., here dined, at 2 P. M. sett off from hence, ar- 
rived at Easton at 7 P. M., 12 miles, here stayed all night, no Pro; 
vinoe Stores in this Town, only 10 lb. powder in the care of John 
DrinkeTi Sheriff. 

5th, Snnday. 

At 1 P. M. sett ont from hence for Bethlahem, anived at 4 P. 
M., 12 miles, no Province stores here. Tydyonsknng, Samnell 
Evens & a great many Indians, came to see me, they sop with me & 
desire their Compliments to His Honr., the Governor, Commissi* & 
Assembly, ft desire to assure them they remain firm friends. 

This Evening I sent for William Edmonds and Thomas Pean, the 
Principle men here, ft acquainted them that as tho Government had 
taken the Indian trade into their own hands it was expected that they 
nor no other Person or Persons in this Province would attempt to 
Deal with the Indians, ft they assured me they wonid not for the 

Here I stay all night. 

6th, Munday. «* 

This morning sett off from hence to Philad*., arrived at 6 P. M. 
at George Goer's Tavern, 32 miles, here stay all night, bad roads 
bnt good weather. 

7tb, Tuesday. ' 
This morning sett oat for Philad*., arrive at 8 P. M., 22 miles. 

Philad*., 10th March, 1758. 

PwiTiON FROM Northampton County, 1768. 

To the Hononrable William Bcnoy, Esq'., Lieutenant Governor 
and Commander-in-Chief of the Province of Pensylvania, and Coun- 
tiee of New Castle, Eient and Sossex, upon Delaware, and Captain 
General of the Same. 

The Petition of the Distressed Inhabitants of Lower Smithfield 
Township, in the County of Northampton, most Humbly Sheweth : 

That your Honemr's petitioners are under some appreheiwions 
tlmi the Company of Soldiers, Commakkd by Jamee Hyndahaw, are 


to be removed from iheir present Stfttion, and of our bmg bft n t 
Defenceless postare; That year Petitioners have had Inte^g^wof 
a Body of upwards of Three Hundred French and Xndians that an 
coming Down to Distress the Frontiers of this provinoe, and aatiiuB 
part at present seems the most Defenceless, it is very probable that 
we shall be the first attacked ; That your petitioners have at present 
but 12 men allowed by the province, which we Humbly apprehend 
Can afford us but little assistance; and further^ we Humbly CoBceiTe 
that in case we were attacked by so 1/irge a party we must ineTitahly 
fall an easy prey to our Cruel Savage Enemy, unless your Honour is 
pleased to afford us a Reinforcement, which we flatter ourselves ve 
are assured of, your Honour Having Hitherto since your Soccession 
to this province, exercised a very Fatherly Care over us, for which 
we Beturn our Most Hearty thanks; and further, we being well 
assured that next to Divine Providence your Honour is our pro- 
tector, we Submit our Circumstances to your Superior Knowledge 
to act for us, who as Loyall Subjects are Determined with joar 
Honour's assistances to stand against any Enemy that may attempt 
to invade us, and your Honour's petitioners as in Duty Bound Shail 
ever pray. 

Aaron Dupui, William McNab, 

John McMichael, Edward Connor, 

Daniel Shoemaker, Robert Hanah, 

William Clark, Daniel Mcintosh, 

Samuel Dupui, Michael Shouer, 

Daniel Brpdhead, John Williamson, 

Abraham Miillux, James Garlinghousing, 
Nicolas Mickle, • John Higgios, 

Lenord Weeser, Isaack Fack, 

John Cambden, Enoch Freeland, 

Frederick Yanderliss, John Drake, 

James Hilman, Jeremiah Flemmen^ 

John Hilman, Adam Snail, 

William Smith, Frances Delong. 
John McDoull, 

Pbtition prom Northampton Coxtnty, 1758. 

To his honour William Denny, Esq'., Qovemour of Pennsylvania 

The humble Petition of Divers of The Inhabitants of Mount 
Bethel, Plainfield and Forks of Delaware, and places Ajacent, 
Humbly Sheweth : — That Whereas, your Destress'd Petitioners, 
many of us haveisg Sufiwed mueh by a Most Barbarous & Savage 
Bnenj; and we heariog that tike oompany which has been station'd 


above vs that meana is naeing to Bemove em above tbe Blew morm- 
laio, which has put qs to the uttmost GoDfasioD, we being Sensible 
by Sxpemnae that tbe Company has been of Little or no Benefitt 
iiDto 08 while oyer tbe Mountains^ & altho' we would by no means 
be ondefBtood to Dictate onto your honour^ we hope that it will not 
be coQDted presumption, humbly to Inform your honour that a 
Station for a Number of men somewhere near the wind Gapp under 
the Blew Mountain, on the East side thereof, might have tbe best 
Tendency to Secure tbe Inhabitants of these parts. Therefore, we 
Your honour's Destress'd Petitioners, humbly Implores You to take 
it into Consideration as Your honour's Goodness thinks proper for 
the Safety of your humble Petitioners, who are in duty bound to 

Jn*. Lindsey, Geo. Tlddford, 

Joseph Leigh^ RoV. Lylo, 

John Crawford, Alex'. Colebrith^ 

Adam Moody, Myer Hart, 

Alexander Miller, . Thomas Sillyman, 

David Allen, Ludwig Snowitz, 

Archibald Laird, Henry Rincker, 

Robison Mathiwson, Jon". Parker,, 

Hanery Boot, Peter Hacklin, 

Fergus Mann, J"*. Wever, 

James Bowman, Peter Best, 

Ja*. Martin, Samuel Miller, 

Jonathan Neilson, and others. 

Petxtion from Northampton County, &c., 1758. 

To the Honourable William Denny, Esq'., Governor of the Pro- 
vince of Pennsylvania, New Castle, Kent and Sussex, on Delia- 
ware, &c. 

The Humble Petition of the Inhabitants of the Other Side and 
tbis Side the Blue Mountain, on the West Brench, in Towamensing 
and Lehigh Townships, Humbly Shewet : 

Wee, tbe Poor Inhabitants of the said Said Townships, Come to 
Lay this Humble Petition before your Honour, to Lat you Know 
that we are informed that Fort Allen Shall be taken away from tbe 
Place where the Fort Stationed at present, and Shall be Build an other 
this Side tbe mountains, which would be verry JIart for us them 
that Leaves Behind and this Side the Mountain on the Frontiers, if 
tbe Said Fort Allen Should be moved from the Place; and if it 
Should be So, Wee Pray your Honour might be plised to Order 
that said Fort might be Build of tbe Other Side the mountain, on 


the Plaoo Called tbe Gkx>d Spring oc well, whieh ia a very OoiiTiinnt 
Place ; But if the Fort Should be Build this Side tha moaotMoa, dl 
the Inhabitants this and the Other Side near the Monntain will be 
obliged to inore off from their Plantations, and the Ennemiea wtfl 
get the Mountains in to Do more mistchief, and will be more Danger 
for the Inhabitants ; Wee Pray your Hon' will be plised to take all 
this in Consideration, and your Wisdom will order the Beefc fior vs, 
and We Shall Ever pray. 

Yonr Honour, 

We are yonr most humble 

and obedient Servants.* 
March the 9the, 1758. 


To the Honourable William Denny, Bflq' , Governor of the Pro- 
vince of Pennsilvania, New Castle, Kent, and Sussex, on Dellawaie. 

Capt. Thos. Lloyd to Gov. Denny, 1758. 


The Batteaux being almost worn out, the Difficulty of repairing 
or replacing them will be very considerable. Several Persons here 
have offered to build Canoes at their own JJiZpence susceptible of 8 or 
9 Barrels of Flour, on Condition of being employ'd as Batteauz>men 
in the Service, and an allowance of Provisions during 5 or 6 Days' 
Labor in making them. Mr. Harris and the People best acquainted 
w*^ this River, assert that Canoes are in every llespect preferrable 
to Batteauz ; that they may be as capacious, or more so ) are more 
durable ; that they don't require the same repairs, nor above balf 
the number of Hands ; that they are not so subject to Leaks, and 
being more buoyant can pass the River & the Falls when the Bat- 
teauz cannot, for these Reasons I have consented that two or three 
should be made for a Tryal, and they are now almost finished.. If 
it is thought proper to encourage this Proposal, L -believe the Pro- 
vince will be quite as well serv'd, the Dispatch greater, and the 
Ezpence less. This Day the Batteauz left Hunter's with above Six- 
teen Thousand weight of Flour and some Indian Goods. I have 
not had Pleasure since I left Philad* of seeing Colonel Burd, to 
whom I wou'd have wrote on the Subject of these Canoes, but was 
not certain of his being at Philad*. I shall wait his Arrival and 

* This petition and most of the signatures, (which are numerous,) are in 


fortbor Qrdera, which^I expoot every minate at Lancasteri being 
vith (he greatest respect & Gratitude^ 

Tour Honor's most ob* 

& very humble Servant, 

Harris's; March 15th. 1758. 

Petition from Berks County, 1768. 

March, 15, 1758. 
To the Honourable William Denny, Esq', Lieutenant Governor and 

Commander-in-Chief in and over the Province of Pennsylvania, &o. 

The humble Petition of the Inhabitants of the Township of Bern 
and parts adjacent in the County of Berks in the said Province^ 

That from the beginning of the Indian Incnndons into this Pro- 
TiDce, the Neighbourhood wherein your Petit" live hath been fre- 
quently harrasy'd by the Enemy, and numbers of their Neigbboura 
cruelly murdered, others captivated, and many of your PetitF** oblig'd 
to fly from their Dwellings to avoid the same Unhappy fate, to their 
unspeakable Terror and Distress. That during this Winter the 
Severity of Weather hath prevented those Barbarians from com- 
DiitdDg their wonted Cruelties; but as the Snow is now melting, and 
the Weather is growing fair, your Petitioners are every moment 
dreading an attack from the Enemy, and find themselves less secure 
than heretofore, from their attempts, as the Blockhouse at North- 
kHl is destroyed and no Garrison kept in those parts. 

Your Petitioners, in the deepest Distress, implore your Honour's 
Protoetioii, and most earnestly beg that they may not be left a Prey 
to the Savage Enemy, protesting that without Assistance from the 
Pablick, they are utterly unable to defend themselves, and must on 
the first Attack, abandon their Habitations, and rather embrace the 
most extreme poverty than remain subject to the merciless Rage of 
(bose bloody Murderers 3 And that they have the greatest Reason 
to expect an Attack is obvious from the many former successfuU 
attempts of the Enemy, three or lour Indian Paths leading into their 

Your Petit" therefore most humbly beg your Honour to compaa- 
sionate their miserable Circumstances, and order Soldiers to be 
stationed for their Defence in some of the most exposed Farm- 
Houses^ or take such other effectual Measures for their Security and 
Protection as to your Honour's Wisdom shall seem meet. 

And as in duty bound they will ever pray, &c.* 

* Signatures in Qerman. 

Vol. IIL— 16 


I have perused the foregoing petition, and well know 8itQatio& of 
the Signers to he such as set forth, do therefore m^e Bold to re- 
eomend that people to be Considered as such by his Honour the 
Governor, with submission. 

I am, Sir, 

jrour very humble Servant, 



Hon* Sir: 

We take the Freedom to recommend the Rev* Mr. Frederick 
Cosemer Miller as a Chaplain to our Battalion, he being a very good 
Minister in the German Language, & very capable of enoouraging 
^e Soldiers in their duty, upon whysh Account we reoommend him, 
& tmat your Honour will not be displeasM at us for so doing. 
We are with the highest Respect, 

Your Honour's most Obedient, 

h'ble ServantB. 

Signed in the Name of the several Officers, by 

Reading, March 17th, 1758. 

To the Honourable William Denny, Esq'., 

Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania, Ao. fte. Ae. 

^ Favour of Col. Weiser. 

William Shankland to Richard Peters, 1758. 

Worthy Sir : 

Y" of the 5th of November I received, and as a Reason for mj 
Not discharging the Caveat, I have an old Grant in my possessioa to 
John Rhodes, which I am pretty well Convinced is the same Spotty 
this being the Case, I am Apprehensive a Return ought not to be 
made for Mr. Newbold till a full Hearing. 


I am of opinion thai a former Grant To a Certain Andrew Depm 
Ukewise Interferes with part of Mr. Newbold's New Pretentions. 

8', y Humble Serv*, ^ 


March 20th, 1758. 

To Richard Peters, Esq'., 

In Philadelphia. These. 

Examination of Francois Fetre, 1758, 

Natife of Paris, who came into Canada a little Boy, taken by R. P. 
20th March, 1758. 

This Ezaminant sajs that he was a Soldier in Fort Dnqneane, & 
narchd from thence in February last, with a Party consisting of 
Eight Indians, Twelve Canadians, Six Cadets, Two Officers & Five 
Soldiers, & that they took the great Road for Fort Cumberland, and 
arriving near that Fort they lay in Ambush, the Indians & the 
Canadians having their several places assigned them. That whilst 
they were in this posture he deserted and informed the Garrison at 
Fort Cumberland, who pursued the French Party and took one of 
the Cadets Prisoners. He says that the Garrison at Fort Duquesne 
iraa two hundred and thirty. That there are great numbers of In- 
diana in the Villages all about Fort Duquesne who can be collected 
together in a short time. That there is a small weak Fort at We- 
nango called Machaull, in w<^ are seventy men. Three hundred 
being the Number assigned for the Two Forti Duquesne & MaohauU 
& there are in each fcvt sometimes more & sometimes less. That 
they are now working at Fort Machaull in great numbers & propose 
to make it as strong as Fort Duquesne. That the Pork was tainted, 
and the Bread black, but good Wheat Bread. That the Indiana 
brought in great Quantities of fresh meat, Venison, Bear & Buffalo. 
That the officers & all the -people said they expected a great Rein- 
foroement in the Month of May. 


Qbn- Jambs Abercrombt to Gov. Denny, 1758. 

New York, March 22d, 1758. 

As there are a large Number of Men to be raised in this Conatrji 
pursuant to His Majesty's Commands, signified to me by Mr. Secre* 
tary Pitt's Letter of the 30th of December last, which will require 
a much larger Quantity of Provisions, (than was before apprehended 
to be necessery) for the Effectual Supply of this additional Number 
of Troops ; which will render it requisite to empress all Kinds of 
Provisions for this Service, I must therefore desire you. Sir, that 
you will take the proper Measures, that all such Provisions as the 
Army under my Command may want, shou'd be impressed, secared, 
and delivered to the Contractors, or their Agents, they paying a 
Beasonable Price for the same. And I desire that you will appoint 
proper Persons to settle^ and fix an equal Price between the Owners 
and Contractors, that there may be no Ground or Beason of Com- 
plaint on either side. 

And as by my Letter of the 15th* Instant I have applied to you, 
pursuant to His Majesty's Commands, to lay an Embargo on til 
vessels within the Ports of your Government, whioh may possibly 
prevent them from coming to New York with Provisions for the 
Army under my Command, I must desire (in order that the Difi- 
oulties your Trade is laid under by the Embargo may he the sooner 
removed,) that you will give Permission to such Vessels to come 
hither; and that there may be no Room for Fraud or Deceit, I wou'd 
desire, that the Masters may be obliged to enter into Bond, with 
sufficient Sureties, in such a sum as you shall thiuk proper, that 
they shall land the Provisions in this Port, aud Return a Certificate! 
within a Beasonable Time, of their having so done. 
I am, with great regard, sir, 
Your most obedient, 

Humble Servant, 

The Honorable Gov*. Denny. 

* See Colon. Reo. YoL Till. p. 87. 


Counterfeit Bills of Credit, 1758. 

Whereas his Exoellenoj Horatio Sharpe, Esquire, .Oovemor of 
Mtrylaad, has this day sent to us the Commissioners of the Pap«r 
Curreooj office of this Provinoe, six hundred and aizty six unsigned 
Bills of Ten Shillings, and one hundred and sixty two of the same 
species signed, all which are counterfeited, which Bills we are in- 
formed were sent to his Excellency by Richard Peters, Esq', Score- 
tarj of the Province of Pensilvania by the hands of James Ennis. 



Haroh 27, 175a. 

Col. John Armstrong to Gov. Drnnt, 1758. 

Carlisle, 29th March, 1758. 
Honoured Sir, 

This Opportunity is Embrac'd with much Alacrity to acknovlodgfi 
the reoeit of your Hours Orders of the 23d Inst., to hold in readi- 
ness the first Battalion of the Pennsylvania Regiment for Offensive 
Duty by the first of May. 

The Vigorous efforts determined by his Majssty thro' the ensuing 
Campaign, must greatly animate every British Soul, and indeed 
every true Protestant ; may Heaven Youchsofe to assume the Sc^- 
preame Command both by Land and Sea. As I Doubt not your 
Hon'rs care & Vigilenoe in furnishing the Battalion with necessaries 
for the Campaign, permit me to assure you Sir, that not only the 
above Orders, but also the Orders of the Officers set over us by his 
Majesty (so far as in our Power) shall be punctually & Cheerfully 
obe/d, as well by every officer of this Battalion, as by Sir, your 

Most Obedient, 

and most Humbl Servant, « 


P. S. On Munday I returned from Patroling behinde the North 
Mountains for the space of seven days, no Tracts of the Enemy then 
appeared on Juniata or else where in our Course. Exercise and 
Absence from Opportunities of DrdDkenness & other debaucheries is 
life for the Soldiery. Some arms, Tents & Blankets, will be the 
principal things wanted, no Blankets, Drums, nor Ammunition is 
yet come here. Ammiinitio& we shall very soon want, as the small 


Qaantitj now in store cannot be spar'd without manifest prejadiee 
to the Servise. 

J. A. 

To the Hononrable William Denny, Esq', Governor and Com* 
aiaoder in Chief of the Provinoe of Pennsylvania. 
By favour of Fra». West, Esq', Philad*. 

Gkn. James Abbrcromby to Gov. Denny, 1758. 


As by the Enclosed Extract of M'. Secretary Pitt's Letter to me, 
dated from Whitehall, December 30% 1757,* I am directed to ap- 

Soint Colonel Forbes (who by the same conveyance has received His 
lajesty's Commission of Brigadier General in America,) to command 
Buch forces as I shall judge proper to leave in the Southern Pro- 
vinces. I have, in consequence of the said Directions, appointed 
Brigadier General Forbes to that Command ; and in order to enable 
him the better to carry on this Service, pursuant to His Majesty's 
Instructions, I have furnished him with a copy of the above Eztnct, 
as likewise with that of M'. Secretary Pitt's Circular Letter to you 
of the same date, by which you are acquainted that such troops, as 
in obedience thereto shall be raised, are to be under the said Briga- 
dier General Forbes' Supreme Command. In order therefore, that 
he may meet with no delay in the Execution of these His Majesty's 
Commands, which must be the case, where he obliged to have re- 
course to, and wait f($r answers from me, upon every matter that 
may occur and reauire an immediate decision, which, from the dis- 
tance that may be between him and me, might retord, if not intirely 
disappoint the best of measures ; I must therefore, I say, enjoin & 
request you, solely to correspond with him, and beg that you will 
eive him all the aid & assistance recommended to you in the said 
last mentioned Letter, and that you will look upon whatever he shall 
require of you, pursuant thereto, in the same light as if it oame 
from me. 
«J am, with great Begard, 
your most obedient 

Humble Servant, 


To the Hon'ble William Denny, Esq'., 
Governor of Pennsylvania. 

.« See Cor. Reo. Vol. Till. p. 27. 


Capt. Jacob Obnbt to Col. Jambs Bubd, 1758, 

IFort AUen, 29^ March, 1758. 

I received your favoar of the 8 th Curr*, informiDg me of the In- 
dians com log in, but thej were past before the Letter came to my 
hand, t sent a Soldier with them as far as Bethlehem^they are 
not jet returned. 

The 25<^ Corr* arrived here twenty Indians from Diahoga, with 
seyeral Strings of White Wampam, assuring the English that they 
wonld keep their Young men at home, & would do no more harm to 
the Inhabitants ; they informed us, that as soon as these men re- 
tamed, there would be a great number of Indians in to hold a Treaty 
with Pennsylvania, these are Muncys and Mohiokons. Sir, I have 
almost finished the Trench about the Fort, and intends setting up 
Saplina to hinder the Enemy from breaking over the Trench. 1 ^ 
inclose my Muster Roll for the month of March, to y Hon'. There 
is nothing more worth communicating, but I remain. 

Your Honour's 

most humble servant, 

To Ool. James Burd. 


Thb Proobbdings oif A GouNoiL OF Offiobrs, hbld at Fort 
Loudoun, in Virginia, 1758, 

March the 30th, 1758. 

Galled by Cap^. Thos. BuUett, to consider whether a proposal of 
Peace (ofiered by King Teedyuscung & several Indian Chiefs, to the 
Hon'ble William Denny, Esq., Oov of Pensylvania, and by tham 
imparted to the Commanding Officer of the Virginia Forces at Fort 
Loudoun, requesting him to communicate it to the Cherokeea,) can 
be proposed to the Southern Indians, without great danger of dis- 
gusting them & incurring their displeasure, in such a manner as may 
be prejudicial to the Interest of the British Colonies in America. 


/ Present in Coanoil : 

Capt. Thomas BalliU^ President 
Members : 

Lieu^ Campbell, Lieu^ Bockner, 

Liea^ Thompson, Liea^ Smith, 

Ensign £07. ^ 

!•*. We consider that, 

The Cherokees are now firmly engaged by onr means in a War 
against the French and their Indians^ and having received some 
small looses, have freqaently begcd of ns not to think of making 
peace, till they, as well as we are satisfied. 

2^, They are a jealous people, and may probably say when th^ 
bear a peace is proposed, that they are aboat to do what they have 
often told ns they were afraid of, namely, that as soon as they had 
firmly engaged for us, & incensed many Nations by their Friendship 
for the English, we should make peace and leave them to be dii- 

%*^. We believe that such a proposal would be equally as dis- 
agreeable to the Catawbas, Creeks, Tuscaroras, & other Southern 
Nations, (who are now our sincere Friends, & many of them deeply 
engaged in the present War,) as to the Cherokees. 

4*^17. As a disgust given to these Nations, (& we have great reason 
to believe from all their discourse, that such a proposal ?rill be very 
offensive), may be productive of Consequences as fatal to the pros- 
perity of the Southern Colonies, as a peace with those Indians would 
be serviceable to the Northern, (even were we well assured, that they 
would become as faithful Allies as the Southern Indians now are, 
tho' that is a great uncertainty), we think that we ought not to ma 
so great a Risque as we believe we should, were we to communicate 
to them the proposal of peace, from Nations who have always been 
odious to them, & who they believe would not keep a peace w«ra it 

b*^^. We think that we ought not to afiront those that have 
always been our Friends, to oblige those who revolted from oar 
Friendship, & have been our professed enemys. A; perhaps after a 
peace made & the Southern Indians affronted, may immediately 
prove as Treacherous as they have been, & (by their Harrassing our 
Frontiers with Scalping parties, while they pretend in another Oolooy 
to be desirous of and concluding a peace,) we have reason to believe 
now are. 


6<^. We had Capt. Gist, the Depntj Superintendent of Indian 
Affiiin in this District, sent for and brought in Council, who assured 
08 that such a proposal he believed, could not with safety, nor with- 
^ oat the greatest danger of the Indians displeasure, be communicated 
to them, & that if it should^ there is no Interpreter here capable of 
doing it. 

T"', We are unwilling to let the Ohio Indians, as is desired. 
how the designs of the Southern Indians, because the liyes and 
safety of them, as well as many^ of our own Officers and men, may 
in some measure perhaps depend on secrecy, and it is very probable 
that if they knew when and where these Indians were going» the 
French would at least have one Friend among them, who would not 
fail to give Intelligence, which might render our Schemes abortive. 

S^. As many of the Chiefs of each Nation are not here, and nd 
Gommissionero appointed by ihm Council to make a peaee, they 
oonld Dot do it without returning Home, which would be a very 
great expenoe for nothing on this CoioBy, and the Loss of at leaal 
one Campaign's service fromi them. 

9^^. The Officers present conceive that they are invested with no 
power to conduct an affair of such Delicacy and of such Importance) 
nor that they have a right of making or even treating of War or 
Peace with any Nation. 

The Officers in Council for the above reasons, are unanimously 
of the opinion that we ought not to acquaint the Cherokees with the 
propoaal, but that it be speedily communicated to the President of 

Thob. Bitllitt, 
John Campbell, 
mobd. buokneb, 
Natha. Thompson. ' 
Chas. Smith, 
Jamss Bot. 
To Gov Denny. 



Captn. Thomas Bullitt to Gov. Dennt, 1758. 

Hon"' Sir: 

On Receipt of yours of the 25th Inst.^ I held a Coancill, Copy 
whereof I have Inclos'd, hy which you'l see the Reasons for Bot at- 
tempting a Negotiation of Peace between the Northern and Soathern 
Indians, or without consulting Higher Powers on the Occasion. 

I have Dispatched an^ Express to Williamsburg with your Letters, 
where Col" Washington is, and can Immediately have the ResolTo 
of the Couucill on the Affair; As to my attempting, In the Intrim, 
such Negotiations as Teedyuskying proposes, by the resolve of my 
Council], cannot Justifiably do it, and for The Reasons by them 
Offered, also divers others I could innumerate; yon will see the 
Daingen at Present, of such a Thing, and provided we was, there 
oonld be Little done, as the Chiefs of their Nations is not yet Ar- 
rived ; neither have we here an Interpreter that can be nndcistood, 
& our attempting to Speak on the Subject to those Young Men, sent- 
from the Nations to Revenge the Injuries done ustmd them, by oar 
Enemies, might be misunderstood, and be a means of Galling in all 
those Partys we have sent out, this would be much to our prejadioe, 
— ^as the Enemy are on Our Frontiers commiting the most Crnelest 
off Hostilitys, I must also think such a Step at this juncture would 
raise a Jilousy amonst them, as they are dbpleas'd at our not having 
proper Necessarys here to furnish diem on their Arrival, which was 
their Expectation, (and I believe promised them;) I say, in all Pro- 
bability, such a proposal to those Indians at this time, might be 
attended with the Consequences of confirming them in an Opinion, 
That we had made Peace with their Enemys, have no further Ser- 
vice for them, k in Consequence thereof did not git the SuppljB 
promised them, for Carrying on the War we Ingag'd them in ; for 
B^ Reasons must think it too Nice an Affair at Present to attempt. 

The Number of Indians here is about four Hundred, also Con- 
siderable Partys on their way and Expected from the Southern Na- 
tions; Numbers uncertain, tho' Imagined not less than One Thousand ; 
above Twelve days since, three Hundred of the Cherokees have bin 
Aoquipt and sent out against the Enemy ; the Lasts Aceo^ I bad 
from them they had discovered a Party of them • . . and in- 
tend as Soon as they had assembled a Sufficient Body to Attack 
them, and make no Doubt The/l shortly give us a good Aoo^ thereof 
as to any further Decents they may make cannot inform you. 

As the success of-Our Arms on this Quarter will in a Grreat measore 
depend on the Supporting & Spiriting up Our Friend Indians, have 
taken this Opertunity^to Acquaint you of the present and Great want 

♦ See page 190. 


hers of some Light Fire ArmB, Suitable for Indiane, tbo Match* 
CoatSy there being no snoh thing here, nor can Conveniently be got^ 
80 that the late Partys, To the am* of about one Hundred Indians, 
eaanot be Aquipt, and appear very uneasy at our having not Sup* 
plys to give them, especially the Particulars Mention'dr This I 
Acquaint you Off, making no doubt if your Province have these 
things in Store, (as a Speedy Supply will Greatly Redound to the 
Oood of the Service,) they will send them, which will be Enahling 
the Agent to Keep them in Obedience to us. I conclude with doing 
myself the Honour to Subscribe, 

Tour Most Obed*, 

Humble Serv*, 

Fort Loudoun, March ye 31, 175S. 

Directed. . > 
To Gov' Denny. 

Gen. James Abbrcromby to Gov. Dbkny, 1768, 

New Tork; April 1st, 1758. 

Brigadier Stanwiz, who arrived here last Night, delivered me 
your Favor of the 24th, and tho' it is not in my Power to answer it 
so folly as I cou'd wish, yet I cannot let Slip the Opportunity of 
Mr. Willing, who returns to Philadelphia this Evening, without 
acknowledging the Receipt of it. 

As I am but lately enter'd on the Command His Majesty has 
honored me with, I cannot be so thoroughly versed in Indian Affairs 
as to gCve any Directions upon this Occason, without consulting with 
8' WUIiaA Johnson, who, by His Majesty's Commission, is appointed 
Sole Agent and Superintendent of the Northern Indians, in Conse- 
quence of which, I have,-by Express, transmitted to him the Minutes 
enclosed in yours, and have pressed him to detain the Messenger no 
longer than is necessary to frame his Answer, which so soon as it 
comes to my Hands, I shall forward to you without Belay; mean- 
while as it is very important to encourage these Indians to pursue 
their Proposal of joining with Us against his Majest/s Enemies, I 
wou'd have you to use your utmost to continue them in that favorable 
Disposition, without, nevertheless, coming to any determined Reso- 


lotion untlll we bear with more certainty from S** "William JoboMa; 
whether or no these People may be rriied on. 

I am sorry your Hands are so tied as to give yon no Room to e;^ 
peet the Advantages one might hope for, mm the Resolves of yeas 
Assembly for ratsing 2,700 Men^ You see the present urgent 
Bzigency, and yon are too Bsalons for the Good of the Serviee nok 
to Use all your Abilities to make them 'sensible of what they 
owe to the best of MasterSi their Oonntry and themaelveSy to 
indaoe them to exert themselves npon this Occasion so as to be 
able not only to oppose every Insnlt of the Bnemy, but to have 
it in their Power to go and attack them in their own Poeaes- 
sions, by which vigorous Effort^ they may at once give Peace and 
Quiet to the whole Continent, and peaceably enjoy their own Pro- 
perties; Motives too strong for any British Subject to neglect, 
especially when there is so much prospect of Success from the- great 
aid k assistance the Mother Country affords, which ought greatly to 
weigh with them, as they will benefit from it as much as any <^ tiieir 
Fellow Subjects. 

With Regard to the Embargo, mentioned in your Letter of the 
28th, likewise delivered to me yesterday, by Mr. Willing & Mr. 
Meredith, I am to acquaint you, that the Steps Mr. Atkins has 
taken, pursuant to Commodore DurelFs Directions to enforce the 
same, are very right; For had he permitted any of those Vessels 
on mention to proceed on their respective Destinations, and they 
ad unfortunately fell into the Hands of the Enemy, they wou'd not 
only have supplied them with what at this present Crisis it is most 
important to deprive them of^ but likewise have informed them of 
our present Measures, which must prove very detrimental ; I musty 
therefore, desire that you will abide, in the strictest Manner, to the 
Seoce of my first Letter on that Head. 

As to the Embargo's not extending here to Vessels under 50 Tons, 
that- is true ; but then these Vessels are not permitted to go to Sea. 
If you have any under the Same Circumstances, you may grant the 
like Latitude. 

Respecting the Seamen yon require Protection for, I must refer 
you to the above two Geotlemen, who, this afternoon, have had a 
Meeting with Commodore Dnrell, who has settled that ^bir, and 
they wOl acquaint yon with what was agreed to thereupon. 
I am with great Regard, Sir, 

Your most obedient Humble Servant, 


Sunday, April 2d..-^Mr Willing being gone before this Letter 
eon'd be got ready, I detained it tilT this Morning, when Mr. Ellbj 
presented me with a Memorial, of which the enclosed is a Copj; 
from the Contents of which you will see the Absolute Necessity there 


I^ffimSTLVANlA ARCHIVES 1758. I7« 

u to oomply with thd samie ; Toa will, thefrefore, penbit tbe four 
New Eofland Vessels, engaged by Joshua Howell, of Philadelphia^ 
to euryltOW Barrels of Floar, for Use. of the Troops that are to em- 
bark at Boston, to depart f^m Philadelphia for New York only, 
obsernng to tkke the proper- and Usual Seoarities for their Com- 
plianee with the above Permission ; all which yon will be pleased to 
signify to the Commanding Officer of the Navy, that he may not 
impede them m their Coarse with their dae Compliment of Hands. 

I am YonrS; &o. 

J. A. 

To the Honorable Gov^ Denny. 








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Gbn. James Abbrorombt to Gov. Denny, 1768, 

New York, April 10th, 1768. 

Yesterday I was favored with joars of the 7th, together with 
sandrj Enclosures relative to Indian affairs ; among others the oopy 
of your Letter to the Commanding Officer at Winebester, In which 
I must own with Pleasure, you have expressed your^if with great 
Precaution ; and as it is an a&ir of the utmost Consequence, (|is 
you very justly observe) I have, punsuant to your desire made 8' 
William Johnson acquainted with it ; and have desired his Opinion 
of what is proper to be done, Which I am in Hopes we shall soon 
Beceive ; meanwhile I shou'd think it wou'd be right to avoid enter- 
ing into any Treaties, either with TeedyusQung or any other Indians, 
observing nevertheless by no Means to discourage any Expeotations 
they may have of our accepting their alliance, which, when once we 
are Certain of the Sincerity of their Professions in our Behalf, must 
prove of too great an advantage to us, for us to neglect on any 
account; and as from your Experience in Treating with these 
People, you know best how to temper with them, it wou'd be un- 
timely for me ^ eive any Directions on that Head, to you that are 
on the spot, and who, I dare flatter myself you will be able to keep 
them in their present seeming Humour untill such Tinie as we hear 
from 8' William. 

As I see by your Letter of the 4th, that your Assembly is to meet 
again this Day, I shall not enter into any Detail of the disagreeable 
Circumstances you are under from the Framing of the Bill for 
granting £100,000 to His Majest/s Use, as I am in Hopes, since 
you selected only two out of the many material objections which 
may be made to this Bill, that you will succeed in getting them 
raised, as otherwise there must be a total stop to the raising the 
2700 men they have voted for the Operations of the ensuing Cam- 
paiffn, the &tal Consequences and bad Effects of which, they can be 
no Strangers to, as they themselves will feel them before any other. 
I am, with great regard sir. 

Your most obedient, 

Humble Servant, 


The Hon"' Gov. Denny. 


Rev. Thos. Baeton to Rev. R. Petbrs^ 1758. 

Bev. dear Sir, 

I have the misfortune to acquaint yon that we are all Confunon. 
Within 12 miles of my House, two Families consisting of 11 Pec- 
sons were murder'd k taken. And in the Counties of Lancaster & 
Cumberland, the People are daily alarm'd with fresh Ravages and 
Murders. The poor Inhabitants are flying in numbers into the 
interior Parts. I prevailed yesterday upon the Inhabitants of Cana- 
wago & Bermudian to assemble themselves together, & forming 
themselves into Companies, to guard *the Frontiers of this County, 
till we see what will be done by the Troops, who are going upon the 
Western Expedition. And I hope by this means we shall be able 
to keep these Settlements from breaking up. 

Mr. Alrioks tells me that he is determin'd (provided he can ob- 
tain the Governor's Permission) to go out to the Ohio a Volunteer 
in Defence of his King k Country. As he is certainly a Man of 
Resolution & Valour; a man who can undergo Hardships & Fa* 
tigues ; and moreover, a man who has an Interest with, & an. Infla- 
enoe upon the Country People, & is as likely to raise a number of 
them as any man I know. I think he stands well intitled to a Conv- 
mission. And as I make no Doubt but his Honour the Governor 
will have these Qualifications in View in the Disposition of the Comr 
missions now to be given out, I hope this Gentleman will not be 
forgot I well know that the least Representation from you in his 
Favor, will do the Bussiness for him : and he and his Friends will 
ever gratefully acknowledge your Friendship upon this Occasion. 
I am, worthy Sir, 

Your futhful and affectionate 

Friend and Servant, 


Huntington, April 11th, 1758. 

Rev. Mr. Peters. 

Spbsch of Gov. Dbnnt to the Assembly at Newcastle, 



You are called together in obedience to his Majesty's Commands 
aigoified to >me by a Letter from the Right Honourable William 
Pitt, Esquire, one of his principal Secretaries of State now laid 
before you, that I should forthwith use my utmost Endeavours and 
Influence with you to induce you to raise with all possible dispatch 
as large a Body of Men within this Government as the number of 
itfl Inbibitants may allow to march as early as may be^ to such place 


M shall be directed by Brigadier General Forbes who is appointed 
to oommand. His Majesty's Forces in these parts, in order to pro- 
ceed from thence in Conjuoction with a Body of His Majesty's 
Forces under the Brigadiers supreme Command^ so as to be in a 
Situation to begin as soon as it shall be any way practicable sooli 
offensive operations as shall be judged most expedient for annoying 
the Enemy, and most effecacious towards removing and repelling the 
Dangers that threaten the Frontiers of these Southern Colonies. 
His Majesty is further pleased to furnish all the men so raised with 
Arms, Ammunition and Tents to order Provisions for them in the 
same Proportion and manner us is done for the rest of His Forces, 
«nd to provide a sufficient Train of Artillery for the operations of 
the Campaign. The whole therefore that the King expects and re- 
quires from the several Provinces is the Levying, Cloathing and 
Pay of the men and that no Encouragement may be wanting to the 
fullest Exertion of the Force of these Colonies, the King is further 
most graciously pleased to permit his Secretary of State to acquaint 
me, that strong recommendations will be made to Parliament in 
their Session next year, to grant a proper Compensation for such 
Expences as the Provinces respectively shall be put to on this occa- 
sion, according as the active Vigour and Strenuous Efforts of each of 
them shall justly appear to merit, which there is no room to doubt 
the Parliament will chearfuUy comply wiCh. Similar Orders are 
sent to Maryland, Virginia and North and South Carolina; The 
Northern Governments are also directed to raise men in the same 
manner to be employed in such offensive operations as the Circnm- 
Utances and Situation of the Enemy's Possessions in those parts may 
point out. 

Gentlemen, that no time might be lost, The Commissioners to 
whose disposition the Sums granted by this Government, for his 
Majesty's Use are made subject lately met together at my Instance, 
and on taking into Consideration the Secretary of States Letter which 
I laid before them unanimously agreed with my approbetion that the 
Sum of Fifteen hundred pounds remaining unappropriated of the 
Four thousand Pounds, and the Sum of Eight hundi^ Pounds the 
residue of the Two thousand Pounds also unappropriated, which 
were granted by two several acts, one passed in October last, and the 
other in the year one thousand seven hundred and fifty-six, should 
be applied towards Raising, Cloathing and Paying for the ensniog 
Campaign only one hundred effective men, Officers included, to be 
employed in conjunction with his Majesty's regular Forces. Also 
that a Bounty of Five pounds shou'd be given to every Volunteer, 
Md Twenty Shillings be allowed the recruiting Officers, and that the 
Officers and men should be paid at the same rates as are given to 
the Forces in the Pay of the Province. The Commissioners are 
much to be commended for their ready Concurrence in enabling me 
speedily to raise this Company, which I hope will be soon completed. 
Had a greater Sum been at the Disposal of the Commissioners, I am 


frnmied tbey woa'd ha^ ohearfiilly agreed to raise an addiij«iial 
lumber of men, and I should not have done Jostioo to that Zeal 
and Spirit of Loyalty whieh yon have always manifested, whenever 
Ei» Majesty's Service hath demanded aids from yon, had I not 
ealied you together to give yon an opportunity of granting Svpf^ies 
for the raisiDg as many more as the Oircumstanoes of these Gonntiee 
will allow. 

On this interesting oeoasion I cannot [without doing Yiolenoe to 
yonr Charaoters] doubt that a just sense of the Duty you owe to 
Toor gracious Sovereign, to your Country, and to yourselves, will 
lead you to do all in your Power., The immense Expence the 
Ciown is at in supporting these Colonies, and the vast Force sent to 
UQoy the £nemy as the best means of speedily effecting their Pr»- 
Ber?atlon merit the most grateful Returns from us. A Glorious 
Opportunity now presents itself for his Majesty's Subjects in these 
GolonieB, to repair the Losses they have sustained, to recover the 
Coontnes they have lost, and by a well timed and vigorous Effort to 
zoBtofe at once Peace and Quiet to the whole Continent, motives too 
strong for British Subjects to neglect especially when there is so 
much prospect of success from the great aid and assistance thn 
Mother Countiy generously affords. 

The Season for action is now near at hand, but I am perswadei 
when you have granted the necessary Supplies there will not be 
wanting a sufficient number of brave men in this Government ready 
to enter chearfully into the Service of this Expedition, on the suc- 
ceaa of which depends our own immediate Safety, as well as the 
future Security of their Properties, and all their dvil and reli^ous 

I have been under the disagreeable necessity of laying an Embargo 
on all Vessels in the Ports of this, and my other Government, by 
the IMreotion of General Aberoromby, who succeeds Lord Loudoun 
as Commander in Chief in North America. His Excellency's Letter 
now laid before you, sets forth the many strong Reasons, which 
jnade this step necessary, and tho' it is a very heavy burthen on a 
Country, which subsists by Commerce, yet I have the pleasure to 
aMjpiaint yon that it will be taken off as soon as the Troops shaU 
mbtixk to Halifax** 

A MssSAOS TO Gov. Dbnhy from thb Assbmblt, 175& 

Kay it please your Honour : ^ 

We, the Representatives of the Freemen of the Counties of New 
Castle, Kent and Sussex, upon Delaware, in General Assembly me^ 
beg Leave to Return your Honour odr hearty thanks for your speech, 
and for the good Opinion you are pleased to express of our Conduct 
heretofore. The low Circumstances of our Constituents, and the 
* See Colon. Bee. Vd. Vin. p. 88. 


keftTj Tazet they bow labour under, will render ns nnable to hs 
Bish Boeh a Nnmber of Troops as we are most heartily and siDcerelj 
iBoimed to raise. But to shew our warmest Zeal for his Majesljv 
Service, and the good of the eommon Cause, at this critical Cod- 
junoture, we will without Delay make sneh effectual Provision for 
the levying, eloathing and paying, such a Number of Men as the 
Gircumstftnces of this Government will in anywise admit of, exda- 
aire of those Troops agreed to be levied by the Commissioners men- 
tioned is your Honour's Speech. 

With the most unfeigneMl Oratitude we acknowledge the unlimit- 
ed Ghxydness and Bounty of our most gracions Sovereign aod^hifl 
Parliament, in supplying Provisions, Arms and Tents, for theTroopi 
to be raised in the Colonies. The Assurance his Majesty is pleased 
to give us of strongly recommending to the Parliament in their 
Sessions the next year, to grant a proper Compensation for such Ez- 
penoes as the Colonies respectively shall be put to on tbis Occasioo, 
according to the active vigour and strenuous Efforts of each of them, 
is a fresh Proof of his tender Concern for the heavy Burthen bii 
People labour under in these Colonies, and merit our most grateful 

We are convinced that we have no time to loose, therefore in out 
Deliberatioas we will use all the Dispatch in our Power. 
Signed by Order of the House, 


Apra 12* 1758. 

Gbn. Jambb Abbrcromby to Gov, Dbnnt, 1758, 

New York, 20<* April, 1758. 

As I am in daily Expectations of hearing from Sr William John- 
aon, either by Mr. Crochan, or such other persons conveirsant in In- 
dian Affairs, as Sir William shall have been able to spare at this 
time, which I have pressed him in my several letters, by no mean 
to delay sending, I again find myself under y* disagreeable necessitj 
of deferring till then my answer to your last favor of the 16^ ; and 
as I find, by your Postscript of the 17^, that Sir John 8K Clair baa 
wivatelj sent off Arms and Matchcoats to the OherokeeSi (in whidi 
he did very right,) I should hope those will induce them to staj, 
and free you from y* apprehensions you are under of their taking 
offence, which I am sensible might be attended with bad Conae- 
quences ; but yet I do not see how, without the advice and assist- 
ance of Sir William Johnson, it is in my power to remedy it^ unless 
you have been able to prevail on your Assembly to send up Anns k 
an assortment of €k)ods for their immediate use, to which purpose, I 
am convinced, no endeavours of yours will have been wanting. 


' I eookl inah yon were as exempt from diffiealtiefl at Philaddpkiik 
asjoa have been at New Castle, where I find they have behaved to 
joar satififaotion, on which I sinoerely oongratnlate yon, & hqpe 
tfaej will not disappoint yon in your ezpections of their speedy leyy- 
ing & Equip|>ing the three Companies they have agreed to raise. , 

Brigad' Forbes set ont from hence last Saturday, I must again 
beg, that yon will give him all the aid & assistance he may stand in 
need of, in the prosecution of the high & Important Command he is 
oharged with ; as he on his part, is gone with the design of aiding 
jott to the utmost of his power with his advice for reconciling mat- 
ters between you & the Assembly, and endeavoring to convince them 
how Qscessary it is for their own Wei being, to exert themselves at 
this Critical Crisis to the extent of their abilities, in which I hops 
joa will both succeed. 

I am; with great Regard, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant, 

The Hon«« Gov Denny. 

A Messaob to the Goysbnob fbom the Assembly, 1758. 

May it please your Honour : 

"We have just received a Petition from the distressed Inhabitants 
of the Town of Reading; Their unhappy situation seems to be more 
easily conceived than described, occasioned by the want ef a due Ex- 
ertion of the military force in that Quarter. We therefore think it 
oar indispensable Duty to lay the Petition before yoa, & earnestly 
intreat that you woud give Orders that some of the Provincial Forces 
be sent to their immediate Relief, & that of the neighbouring county 
of Lancaster.* 

April 27% 1758. 

Jno. MoKinlbt to Rbv. R. Petbbs, 1758. 

Wilmington, 27*" April, 1758. 
Bev. Sir: 

The Bearer hereof is Mr. McMechen, who I made bold to recom- 
mend to his Honour the Governor, as Surgeon to the Companies 
raising here. Every one concerned seems highly pleased at his jgo- 
ipg in that Station, but he not being commissioned as y«t, & having 
Uke enough Time to provide himself, I tliought proper he shou'd 

* Colon. Beo., Vol. VIII., p. 99. 


wait on bis Honour for Uiat porpOBe^ & do eunestily begg your good 
Offices on bis Behalf. 

Bj him I have sent the Letter you desired to be snbsoribedbytlM 
Goyernor^ but which I don't well apprehend, as yon say the Armi 
are to be collected together for mending, seeing that iRm'd pat it 
out of the Power of ^he People to comply with the Militia Act. 

There are two hundred Muskets & Bayonets, & one hundred Gtr- 
touch Boxes, now in the possession of the Capt* of the Militia in this 
County, (Ten with each) that are in good Order & belong to the 
Publiok ; there are also one hundred muskets & Bayonets at Lieat 
Coll. Patterson's, bought on the New Castle Lottery Ac<^, which he 
is desirous to sell to the Publick. There are likewise one hundred 
Muskets So Bayonete at Mr. Thomas Montgomery's, that he informs 
me the Commissioners have agreed for. The Number of the other 
Arms may be known from the Capt* Betum, as each Man of the Mi- 
litia have fire Arms, but of very unequal Sizes & Bores. Please 
inform me whether such a Return as this may do. I have not jet 
got the Constables Returns about Carriages & horses^ bat ezpeet 
them aocomplished soon. 

As to the Success of Recruiting the Bearer can inform yoa. 
I am with due Regard, 
Rev* Sir, 

Yr most obed* humb^ Serv*. 


To Richard Peters, Esq'. 

Minutes of Meeting of the Oommitteb of Ikdiah 
Affairs, 1758. 

28 April, 1758. 
Present: — Benj". Shoemaker, W". Logan, Richard Peters. 

Agreed to wait on the General, and to recommend to him. 

We waited on the General & acquainted him that we were ap- 
, pointed by the Governor & Council to be a Committee for Indian 
Affairs, & as such waited upon him in order to receive any Informa- 
tion or Advice he wou'd be pleased to favour us w^; he received us 
kindly, & assured us that if we wou'd draw up a Plan of ye present 
Situation of Indian Affairs, and what measure shou'd be thought 
necessary to be taken, he wou'd consider it & give his Sentiments. 

It was proposed that Conrad Weiser shou'd be immediately sent 
for as a person well acquainted w^ Indian Affairs, & accordingly aa 
Express went off at half an hour past 10 Clock for him. 
^ The Letters, No. 1, 2, 3, 4, were read, & sundry matters oocnr- 
ring, they were deliberated upon. 

Teedyuscung coming to Town, M'. Logan is dosir'd to inform 


bimselfe of je reasons of his Coming, & if be has any new Intelli- 
gence ; being inform'd that W". Jack, a Oonestogo Indian, had been 
at Shamokin & in the Indian Country aboat Saaquebanna, & was 
now at ConestogO; it was agreed to send for him bj M'. Edward 

Gen. Forbes to Gov, Dennt, 1T58. 


Acoident presented a 'particular thing to mj view this day that 
bad really escaped me, and therefore beg your Advice. 

As your troops are immediately under my direction, and as the 
different demands of money from them is perhaps what neither you 
nor I can either determine or forsee, And as there may be severall 
Contingent expenoes accruing dayly that I can not have your advice 
iu, I must therefore represent to you that it will be necessary that 
you have a provincial] treasurer or paymaster to attend me. In order 
to issue such snmms of money for the provinciall service as I shall 
judge necessary to give orders for. It is needless to explain or to 
enter into the detail of what those demands may be, because every 
person must easily forsee a number of trifling demands, that at pre- 
sent I can not ascertain, but hope you will fall upon a method to 
give me such powers that no stop may be putt to the service, as I 
shall think myself accountable to you and the province for any 
moneys that may by my orders be laid out. 
I am. Sir, 

with great regard, 

Y' most ob* & most 

humble Servant, 

Philadelphia, Aprile 28th.t 

To the Honb*« Gov'. Denny, &c. 

♦ See Col. Reo., Vol. VIIT., p. 90. 

t See Col. Eeo., Vol. VUL, p. 100. ^ 


Vbubal Message of Assembly, 1758. 

That the House have Compl/d with all the Demands of the 
Crown, made of them bj the Seoret^^ of State's Letter/ and appoint- 
ed Comm" to dispose of the Money granted for these Purposes with 
the Govemor^s Approbation. That as the payment of the Troops 
was part of what was requested by His Majesty of this Proyinoe, 
they doubt not but the Comm'* will therefore take Care that a Pay- 
master attend on the Forces under the General's Command, and that 
they will in all other Eespeots think it their Duty to comply with 
the Law for the Rule of their Conduct. 

The House being informed by three of their Members, that the 
General had mentioned to them that it woUld be of particular Ser- 
vice in the Military Operations to the Westward to be furniiih'd 
with the Additional Number of Fifty light Horse, have recom- 
mended it to the Comm" to comply with the General's Request, so 
that they do not increase the Number of Men granted by the Law, 
And will before their Adjournment appoint ^ Barrack Master.* 

Ojbo. Stbvbn^on to Bioh'b Petebs, 1758. 

P' S', 

The Bearer, Archibald McGrew, has signified to mo his Indina^ 
tion to serve his King & Country in the Station of a Captain of a 
Company of Rangefs in the pay of this Province for the ensuing 
Campaign ; I therefore beg leave to say that since I have been a 
Residenter here, I have known him in his Private Character ^a a 
Neighbour, as a Jury Man in Court, & a Coroner ; he also -com- 
manded one of the Company's in the pay of this County last Fall, 
in all which Stations be has behaved to the Satisfaction of the 
People as well as my self. I am veryly persuaded that he can rstse 
a Company who will go with him in Defence of our good Cause, as 
much from Principle as the Love of Reward. 

I am well assur'd of y Disposition to encourage the virtuous & 
Deserving, & therefore beg leave to ask y*^ Interest in his Favour on 
this Occasion. 

I think four or five good Companies could be rais'd in a very 
short Time here if proper Offioers are chosen, k that in a Short 
Time. If the Governor & Council should think my Services neoes- 
sary, I mean in recommending Officers k raising Men, &o., Ac, all 
Fatigues of that kind will be a Pleasure to me. 

I have labour'd last Week, (tho' in Court Time,) and I think to 
good Purpose, and have brought about a Resolve of the Justioes, 

* See CoL Eec, VoL VIIL, p. 100. 


Commissionera, &o., that 45 Men be immediately rais'd^ paid & 
maiotain'd at the Ezpence of this County, to range along the Fron- 
tiers for the Defence of the Inhabit*"; but what is most remarkable, 
foar leading Quakers (John Wright the first) have sign'd our Re- 
solvcsy and We have spent but 4 Hours in our Deliberations^ there- 
fore I conclude our very Little Government here have outdone the 
lower County little Government, if not in unanimity surely in 
Dispatch. ****** 

If Publick Business will any way admit of it, you would much 
oblige me by answering my two last Letters, one about the Ferry, 
the other inclosing the Governor's Acc^ 

As I have the honour of a small Acquaintance with S' John, 
Please to give my Compliments to him, and oommunicate what of 
this you think prudent. 

I am, D' S', 

y most obedient, 


York, 30th Ap», 1758. 


To Richard Peters, Esq'., Secretary of the Province of Pennsyl- 
vania. ^ M'. McGrew.* 

Request op Tbbdyuscung, 1758, 

2d May, 1758. 

Tecdyuscung requested of the Governor in Council that the Com- 
missioners appointed to build the Indian Houses at Wyomink,f 
might be directed to proceed there immediately, as the Indians 
expected it wou'd now be done, were waiting for it, and wou'd 
remove there as soon as the houses shouM be finished, ff this 
work shou'd be delayed, the Indians wou'd blame this Government, 
and lay the fault on Teedyuscung. He further urged dispatch, 
because the Summer was coming on, & it wou'd soon be time to 
plant their Corn. 

Governor's Answer. 

That he wou'd take this Bequest forthwith into Consideration, 
and return an Answer to it. 

He acquainted Teedyuscung that His Majesty had formed an 
Expedition against the Enemy, which wi# to be executed without 

* He was appointed, see answer, p. 886. 
t See Col. Rec, Vol. VIII., p. 101, 111. 

Vol. m.— 17 


delay, and the -King's General was already in the City, & it woa'd 
be necessary to acquaint him with this Request, and likewise that 
he should lay it before the Assembly, who were now sitting. 

The Escort that attended the Commissioners last Fall, consisted 
of three of the Provincial Companies, and the Soldiers were em- 
plo/d in erecting the Houses. Teedyuscung being reminded of 
this, was asked how long time it wou'd take with the same number 
of men; reply'd that it wou'd take three Weeks. 

R. Peters to Geo. Stevbnsok, 1758, 

• Philadelphia, 3* May, 1758. 

Dear Sir, 

In compliance with the Recommendations of the Gentlemen who 
have wrote in Favour of Mr. M'Grew,* the Governor has granted 
him a^ Captain's Commission ; his Lieutenant is Alexander M'Cain, 
and his Ensign, James Armstrong. 

You write that four or five Companies can be easily raised in York 
County, and offer your Service in raising them. 

Col. Armstrong and I were considering, before your Letter came, 
with great care, what persons might .be the likeliest to raise Com- 
panies fit for the service and most acceptable to the people, and 
Deing asked our Opinion by Governor and Council, we menlioned 
Thomas Armour, Robert Stevenson, Joseph Armstrong, David 
M'Conoway, & Thomas Minshall. As all cannot bexommissionated, 
there is a Difficulty with us, which can only be removed on the spot 
Joseph Armstrong always declared, he entered into the Service in 
hopes there would be an Expedition against the Ohio, and was told 
when he resigned, that if there should be one, he would be recom- 
mended. This is the real matter of Fact. What Interest he has in 
York County, or if he can raise a Company, I cannot tell ; but it is 
said Mr. M'Conaway can very soon. Do you therefore settle this 
anatter between them and the others recommended, and do your best 
upon the occasion. Thomas Minshall was nominated, thinking Mr. 
James and John Wright would be obliged by it, and assist him in 
raising his Company, but if this should not prove so, you have a 
Liberty with regard to him, that may ease you in other Respects. 
Mr. Armor, your Brother, and Mr. Minshall, if they accept, mast 
each, or two of them, have at least one German Subaltern Officer, to 
engage the German Inhabitants. 

Mr. Robert Stevensonjnust have Mr. Benjamin Smith, of Slatcf 
Ridge, either for his l%utenant or Ensign. Sheriff Hamilton's 
Commission is so far made out, as to have his name inserted; leaving 
* See page 385. 


it to him to be appointed under the Captain that may be in Marsh 
Creek, provided it be either Mr. David McConaway, or Mr. Joseph 

In filling np the Commissions, take oare that the date of the Lieu- 
tenants and Ensigns be the same with the Captains, as the Bank is 
settled here and cannot be altered, and that Sheri£F Hamilton be 
the first of the Lieutenants ; and if any of the Oentlemen mentioned 
should refuse, and a good German Captain cannot be obtained for 
the benefit of the Service, then in that case Mr. Hamilton is to have 
a Company. But if one full set of Officers of Oerman Farmers and 
Freeholders can be had, and it is judged the best for the good of the 
whole, pray let it be brought about. 

The Goyernor entreats there may be no delay. Time will not 
admit of it. The Ministers should be desired, indifferent and proper 
parts of the Country, and at proper Distances, as their Congrega- 
tions may be seated, to appoint Meetings, and animate the Feople 
to raise Levees with all possible Dispatch, as they are designed by 
one vigorous effort to dispossess the Enemy, regain the Lidians, and 
establish a durable and advantageous Peace. 

The good of the Service is solely intended, and no private Con- 
sideration ought to take place; so pray let this business which is en- 
trusted to you, be judiciously and faithfully executed. 

The great regard for the Inhabitants of tbe County of York, has 
induced the Governor and Council to reserve these Commissions, 
tho' there are many persons applying of good interest and proper for 
the Service. 

Six Hundred Pounds are sent with Mr. M'Grew, to be deliveredi 
after taking his share, to you, and by you to the Captains, who shall 
be named in the Commissions. 

A Weekly Return will be made to the Governor of all Recruits^ 
according to the Form which Captain M'Grew brings with him. 

When the Place and Person are appointed for mustering the Re- 
cruits, you shall be made acquainted with it. 

The Officers are to qualify before you, or any other Person, whose 
name is inserted in the general Dedimus. 

All Subalterns, except what are filled up, are to ba recommended 
by Persons of Interest, and care must be taken that the sets of Offi- 
cers be agreeable to one another, and such as are most likely to raise 
their men the soonest. 

You will have frequent opportunities of sending advices how the 
Officers go on ; and when more money is wanted, application must 
he made to the Paymaster, Mr. Commissary Young, in whose hands 
the recruiting money is lodged by the Governor and Commmia- 


Dear Sir, 

Your most humble Servant, 




Ammunition and Stores Wantbd at Fort Augusta, 1768. 

16 Pieces of Cannon, 4 of which 
12 or 9 P'rs, the rest 6. 

50 Rounds of Shot for each Gun, 
of Ball reckoning, those already 

8 Rounds of Grape Shot for do. 

24 Barrels of Powder for Cannon. 

10 Do. for Muskets. 

25,600 Musket Ball. 

1600 Flints. 

600 Muskets complcat, with Car- 
touch Boxes, Brushes and 
priming wires. 

16 Ream of Cartridge Paper. 

13 Do. of Cannon do. 

The Guns to he compleated with 
Ladles, Hand Spikes, Spnnges, 
Rammers and Screws, and to 
be mounted on Garrison Car- 
riages 2} Ft. high from the 
Platform to the Bottom of the 
Embrasure or to raise the 
Metal 2 J Ft on the Platform. 

500wt. of Buck Shot of eights. 

Intrenching Tools. 

100 Spades. . 

100 Shovels. ' 

60 Pickaxes. 

150 Felling Axes. 

100 Hatchets. 

Carpenters Tools. 

8 Sett compleat. 

15 Broad Axes. 
20 Adzes of Sorts. 
20 Augurs of do. 
4 Gouges. 

6 Drawing Knifes. 

4 Frows. 

6 Hand Saws. 

6 Cross Cut Saws. 

6 Whip do. 

4 Doz. of Saw Files. 

2 Hand Screws. 

1 Set of Coopers Tools. 

2 Set of Smith's do. 

16 Hammers, of sorts. 
8 of which Carpenters. 
1 Coil of 3 inch Rope. 
1 do. of 4 do., do. 
200wt. of Match do. 

3 Dark Lan thorns. 

6 Crow Bars, of sorts. 

Sheep Skins and Laboratorj 

Do. Turners for Grape Shot Bot- 
toms, &c. 

100 Spikes of 6 inch. 

1 Cask of 24*y, 28^, 12*^, and 
6*y Nails. 

6 Grind Stones, 8 of which fine. 

500wt. of Iron. 

100 do. of Steel. 

N. — A Magazine ought to be built in the South Bastion, 12 hj 
20 Foot in the clear, also a Laboratory of the same dimcnsious in 
the East Bastion. The Wall of the Magazine to be 2 J Foot thick, 
with three Buttresses, 2 Foot thick at the bottom, bevelling to 9 
inches at Top, in eaeh side. The breadth of Buttresses, 3} Ft. The 
Magazine to have an arch of 2} Brick thick, and to be under ground 
within li Foot of the Top of the Arch.* The Walls seven foot high 
from the Level of the Floor, and to have a Foundation 2 Foot below 
the Floor ; great care taken to lay the Joists, and to fill up between 
with Ruble Stone and Gravel, rammed ; the Joists to be covered 
with Plank 2J inch thick. An Air Hole 1 foot Square to be prao- 
tised in the Gavel end^ opposite the Door. The Passage to the JVIaga- 


nne to haye a lig-zag, and over the Arch some Fine Plaister laid^ 
tiien oovered with Fine Gravel and 4 foot of Earth a Top. 

The Laboratory likewise to be arched^ but with 1} Briek, and 
without Battresses. 

A Fraise ought to be compleated round the Fort, to be introduced 
upon the Horizontal Line^ at 20 Degrees of Elevation, or as much 
as will be sufficient to discover it underneath from the Flanks. This 
Fraiae to be 2} feet in the Ground, and 8} without, not to exceed 6 
inohee in Thickness, the Breadth from 4 to 7 ; a number of these 
Fraises ought, before set in the Wall, to be trunnelled on a Piece of 
Slab or Plank, of 5 inches broad, within 6 inches of the ends, which 
gives an inch at the end clear of the Slab ; the distance from one 
another, 21 inches. After made fast to this Slab, to be introduced 
in the Wall, and the Earth ramm'd well between. When the Earth 
is well fixed and the whole set round, or a considerable way, another 
Piece of 3 inches broad and 2 thick, should be nailed al along close 
to the wall, whish will bind the whole very fast together. 


Engineer & Captain. 

May 6th; 1758. 

R. Peters to J. Shippbn, 1758. 

\ Philadelphia, 5 May, 1758. 


On the recommendation of the Justices, M^ Hugh Hall is 
mad^ Ensign to Capt° Adam Read. The Governor has reserved 
Commissions for a set of German officers to raise a German Com- 
pany about Lancaster. It is proposed that the Officers be of the 
best men among them, & it is left to you. Justice Kuhn & others, 
to convene the Germans & to set a recommendation from them of 
the Officers for this Company, & at the same time they recommend 
the Officers they are to engage to assist in raising the men. Much 
time is already spent, it is therefore strongly hoped that in a weeks 
time this German Company will be raised. Beating Orders are 
sent with the blank Commissions, and great care must be taken 
that the Cloathing & other necessaries specified in the inclosed List 
be bought with the advance money for the use of every Recruit. 

The Governor & Council, to shew their further regard for the 
County of Lancaster, have reserved Commissions for a Company of 
Irish, to be raised between Lancaster and Harris's Ferry, out of the 
Inhabitants of the Townships of Donegal, Derry & Pextang, and 
you are instructed to offer the Commission of Captain to Mr. John 
Nagel, one of the County Commissioners, and in case he does not 
accept, then the very next best man who can raise a Company the 


Your recommendations of Shearer, Fuller & Wallaoe, are reoeiTed. 
Wallaoo is not mucb thought of, and as to the Subalterns, the Cap- 
tains are to be consulted with, &, will undoubtedly choose such 
as they are ac({uainted with, & have the greatest interest in the r 
neighbourhood. Pray lose no time in the tilliDg up the Commis- 
sions of these two Companies, and send the Captains down for idqk 
ney, which the Paymaster, Mr. Young, has in his hands to give 

The Governor desires you may use the utmost dispatch, & hopes 
to see the Captains, at least; on Tuesday night or Wednesday next. 
Time is very precious. 

I am; Dr Sir, 

Your most humble Servant, 


George Stevenson to R. Peters, 1758. 

Dear Sir : 

Yesterday, about 10 o'Clock, I receiv'd y Pavonrs of the 3*t 
Inst., with Commissions for the Officers of 3 Companys, three beat- 
ing Orders & ^480, having left in the hands of Capt- MoGrew£120y 
or one fifth Part of the whole ^600. 

I immediately inform'd Mr. Armor & my Brother, that they were 
of tho Catalogue of Officers for the Expedition, they gratefully ac- 
knowledge the Favour of the Oovemor & Council in reposing such 
special Trust & Confidence in them, but beg to be excused accept- 
ing, because neither of 'em think themselves sufficiently qualified 
for the Task, being unacquainted with military Discipline, and very 
little used to handle ArmS; with sundrie other Reasons not neces- 
sary to mention. 

' In the room of my Brother I have appointed David Hunter, an 
able bodied Man, a Gunner, and a Man of Influence & Interest in 
the same Part of the County where my Brother lives ; Benjamin 
Smith is to be one of the Subalterns, the other I shall (by the advice 
of the Principal Inhabitants who conveen on Thursday to meet Sir 
John S^ Clair, on other Business) appoint next Thursday. 

I have applied to the leading Germans, told them it will look ill 
if they do not exert themselves, and desired them to spirit up their 
People & name Officers to me, who can get men, & that I will re- 
commend them to the Governor jj by this means I shall probly raise 
a German Company in the room of Mr. Armor's. 

I have sent to Tho". Minshall to come to Town ; I do not know 
his sentiments, I fear he will not get Men. 

* See answer, May 11, p. 894. f See page 886. 


I have written to thd Clergy-men & others of Influence in the 
County to exert themselves, & 1 hope thej will. 

Riohard Beard, who was Captivated last Month from Marsh creek 
is retumM, having made his Escape some where about the Allegheny 
Hills. He was not got so far as his Father's, near Marsh Creeky 
kst Thursday eveniug; he has been so much beat & abused by Ted- 
jiscuDg's friend Indians that his Life is dispair'd of, some of them 
told bim they had been lately at Philad*, that they would Treat with 
the English as loog as they could get Presents, & Scalp & Captivate 
as long as the French would reward 'em for 'em, that they lov'd their 
white Brethren so well that they wanted a few of 'em to hoe Corn for 
them, &c*, &c*. 

I have sent up to have his Examination taken, or lo have him 
brought down to Sr John, on Thursday, if it be possible. 

My Complim** to the Governor & Council, they may depend 
nothing in my Power shall be wanting to forward & push the Expe- 

Your shall hear from me as oft as I can. 
I am, Dr Sr, 

Yr most obed* 

H"« Serv*. 

York, 7^^ May, 1758. 
Mr. Peters. 


To Richard Peters, Esq'., Secretary of the Province of Pennsyl- 

By the Favour of Mr. Benezet. 

Gborob Stevenson to R. Petbes, 1758. 

Dear Sir: 

In yonr Letter of the S^ lost., you say, ^^ in filling up the Com- 
'^ misdons, take Care ^t the Dat€ of the Lieu^ and Ensigns be the 
'' same with the Cap^, as the Bank is settled and cannot bd alter- 
'^ ed, and that Sheriff Hamilton be the first Lieutenant.'^ I see 
Cap> McGrews Commission is dated the 15^ Inst. Please to inform 
me how the Rank is settled, and what Date shall be put in each 
Commisaon, if SherijBf Hamilton be the oldest Lieu^, and his Com- 
mission must bear even Date with his Captains, then hia Cap^ must 
be the oldest He chuses to go with David McConnanghy rather 
thaQ with Joseph Armstrong. I wrote to Joseph (by Mr. Hamilton) 
yesterday, and told .Mr. Hamilton that if Mr. Armstrong refused, 
he should have his Commission. 


^f nst the men bny green Gloathing ? I fear tbis will hurt ns 
much. I think linnen Stockings, *red below the Knee, Petticoat 
Trowsers, reaching to the thick of the Leg, made of strong Linnen, 
and a Sailor^s Frock made of the same, would be best* 

Young men that have Cloathing^ (especially Dutch) will not like 
to lay out their Money for more. 

Objections are made because there is no time mentioned in the 
Proclamation, but during the Campaign the People say they don't 
know what that means. I tell them it means, untill they go into 
winter Quarters ; but they choose it should be a certain number of 
Months, and because I am become a Recruiting officer, and there hath 
been such villainous Impositions by the royal American and other 
Officers, I can scarce gain Credit. 

There is, I presume, a Settled Form of the Attestations. I should 
be glad to have one, the Officers have asked the form of me. 
I am, Dr. Sr, 

Your most obedient 

H"« Serv*, 


York, 8"» May, 1758. 
Mr. Peters. 


To Eichard Peters, Esqr., Secretary of the Province of Pennsyl- 
vania. ^ Post 

Gen. Jambs Aberoromby, 1758. 

New York, May 8th, 1758. 

Having by my letter of the 15th* of March last, acquainted you 
that it was absolutely necessary for his Majesty's Service that an 
Immediate Embargo should be laid on all Ships in the different 
Ports of the Eespective Provinces in Nort^^merica, and accord- 
ingly did desire you forthwith to publish the same, and to continue 
it untill such time as you received notice from me to take it off, 
which notice I then promised should be transmitted to you as soon 
His Majesty's Service would allow of it. I am, therefore, now, pur- 
suant to the above promise to acquaint you that The Fleet being 
sailed for Halifax I have fixed on Monday, the 22'' Instant, for the 
said Embargo to be taken off, and you will accordingly publish the 
same within all the Respective Ports of your Government. I have 
differred it till then in order that it might take place at one and io ih^ 

* See Col. Rec. Vol. VIIL, p. 37. 


fame time in all His Majesty's other Governmeiits, on this Continent, 
Wherefore I must desire that you will strictly observe & Continue 
the aald Embargo untill'that day. 
I am^ with great Regardj 

Tour most obed* humble Serv*., 

To The Hon"* Got. Denny, Philadelphia. 

John McClughan to R. Pbtbrs, 1758. 

Rev* Sir : 

As my first Lieut lived at so great a distance 'twas a considerable 
while before he got his Commission, & consequently I was deprived 
80 long of his Assistance in Recruiting. I have been likewise very 
carefuil not to take any but strong, hearty, likely men, every way 
answering my beating Orders, that rejecting many who have offered 
themselves I have got no more attestations than are named in the 
Roll herewith sent up by Doctor MoMeehen, but there are so many 
inlisted & engaged, as I'm informed by my parties who are scatter* 
ed op & down the Country^ that I believe I may say safely the Corn- 
pan j is complete. 

1 Have therefore to request that you'd please to let me know what 
his Honor, the Governor's, further pleasure is that I should do. I 
make further bold to request that you would please to make my 
most humble & sincere acknowledgements to the Governor for the 
Honor be did me in appointing me Captain, be pleased likewise to 
accept of my most hearty thauks for your kindness therein & Beggs 
jouUl please to excuse this Treble from, 
Rev* Sir, 

Your most Obliged & very 

humble Serv*., 


New Castle, May 10th, 1758. 

To Richard Peters, Esquire, in Philadelphia. 



Edw'd Shippbn to Gov. Dbnny, 1768. 

Lanoaster, 11th May, 1758. 
Honoured Sir : 

Ad soon as I receired Mr. Peters' Letter of the 5th* Instant I 
convened several of the Principal men of the Borongh to consider 
of a proper German for a Captain of the German Company, (the 
Justices Kyhn & Thompson heing from home) and it was unani- 
mously agreed that Ludwick Stone, of this town, was the fittest per- 
son in the County, and altho' he was eight & twenty miles off yet as 
we all were of opinion he would accept of the Commission & could 
raise his Company in a very short time, I thought it worth while 
to write to him, and his Son carried the Letter yesterday, and prom- 
ised to be back again last night, but I expect him in this morning by 
nine o'clock. Here is another clever fellow, a German, in this town, 
a Stocking weaver, who has formerly been in the Prussian Service, 
but he does not seem very willing to leave his Employment ; but if 
Mr. Stone should refuse us we shall press ye other to go ; his name, 
Lawrence Marquadanct. Mr. James Galbreath came home yesterday 
morning at my request, which was very well, as Col. Armstrong 
happened to leave at the same time. Mr. Galbreath approved much 
of the appointment of Mr. Hayes, but absolutely refused to accept 
of the Commission which the CoL said was reserved in Philad^ for 
him, neither could he think of one very proper, either in Deny 
Donegal or Pextang, for the Commission if Mr. Hayes (he to whom 
I had written) should refuse it. In the Evening I received the in- 
closed Letter from Mr. Hayes, excusing himself from entering into 
the Service ; however, I here recommend to your Honour one Mr. 
John Clarke, of Mill Creek, as a very suitable person to bear a Cap- 
tain's Commission, and it is thought he can raise a Company very 
soon. He is a man of a good character and well esteemed, and I 
hope will meet with your Honour's approbation. I did not fill up 
ihe Commission, because Mr. Peters said he ought to bo of one of 
the Townships last mentioned. Inclosed is the blank Commission 
and a beating Order for him. I must do the best I can to-day with 
ye Commission designed for the German Captain, because I think it 
absolutely necessary for me to sett off for Hunter's to-morrow morn- 
ing, to see that the Tools are sent off to Wioming, that Mr. Hughes' 
journey may not be in vain. 

I am, great regard, 

Your Honour's most obed* 

Humble ServS 

To the Hon'We Wm. Denny, Esq'., Gov'. 

* J3ee page 889. 

Geo. Stevenson to R- Pbtebs^ 1768. 

Last Thursday S' John S* Clair was here ; a great Number of the 
Principal Inhabitants came together to meet him. Upwards of 70 
Wagons are engaged for the Campaign. 

'Becruitine goes on as well as can be expected. Captain McOrew 
had near half his men last Friday, Capt. Hunter had above 20 last 
Night. Joseph Armstrong does not accept David McConughy 
accepts, & set out to recruit on Friday. We are not yet fixed on his 
Subalterans. Sh'ff Hamilton is recruiting, he aceepts in the Room 
of Mr. Armor, his Subalterans are Victor King, & one McDowell 
who was at Kittanin, a Serg' with Capt Hanoe Hamilton recom- 
mended by him k other reputable Persons of the West End of this 
County. I think they will soen have their Company. Tho* Min- 
ahal's accepting a Commission is very disagreeable to Mr. Jno Wright, 
who is doing all he can against him, raising up one Ludwig Myer, 
a low-lived, worthless fellow, an Inhabitant of Conedoughela holds 
under Maryland & never p' one Shill'g Tax, neither to support the 
War nor for any . other publick use whatsover ; he has not Sense 
enough even to be a Serffeant. Mr. Wright solicited me warmly to 
give him a Commission, & when he could not succeed himself he ap« 
plied by S' John. I answered S' John that I would pay ereat Re- 
gard to his Recommendation were I not certain that he Knew not 
the man, & that Jno. Wright's Application was calculated to carry 
ft Point, viz : to keep Minshall at home & thereby oblige the Women 
of Sasquahannah, Quakers, who were against his going into the Ser- 
vice, & not at all because it was for the good of the Service. Mr. 
Wright insisted Myer could raise the Men, I then offered him (on 
that Condition) a Lieutenancy, under Capt. McConaugby. Mr. 
Wright answered (without consultiog Myer) that he would not ac- 
cept of less than Captain. I then told him I thought his intentions 
were not for the good of the Service, but some other End. S' John 
replied they should both go, (Minshall & Myer meaning) I then said 
I am pleased how many go, but as I am not Governor I can't give 
Commissions, those committed to my care I had disposed of agree- 
able to my Instructions, and perhaps they were the last that was even 
in the Governor's Power, & not already disposed off that Mr. Wright 
& S' John were at Liberty to use their Int. at Philad* as they pleased 
& that I hoped the Reasons given by me were satis&ctory to S' 
John, he agreed they were. Myer, notwithstanding, is busy prevent- 
ing Men from inlisting with any other Officer & assuring them he 
will go Capt. & they must go with him. 

John Pope, I fully expected, would have accepted, but I believe the 
infiuonce of the meetings has over ballanced mine. J did not receive 
his final answer till Thursday evening, which was that he could not 


iocept. I am very sorry for it, the chief Reason he gave me was he 
thought the time too short to raise the Men. 

The Money is almost out, more will be wanted before it can oome 
np. I hope Care will be taken to send more by the first safe Hand. 
The officers want Drams, Colours & the other Common Instraments 
of War, Drnns they need much. Are they not to be at the Ez- 
penoe of the Proyince, or the Crown f 

S' John set out on Friday, about 4 o'clock P. H., for Winchester. 
Fours of the 12th, with the Attestations, is just oome to hand| shall 
answer it as soon as I can consult with the offioerS| and am^ 
Dr. Sr., 

Tour moat obed^ 

H'ble ScrvS 

York, 15th May, 1758. 

P. S. Inclosed^ you haye a Copy of Rioh^ Beard's Affirmation.* 
Mr. Peters. 

Richard Baird's Deposition, 1758. 

York County, ss. 

The Affirmation of Richard Beard, of Hamilton's Bane Township, 
aged twenty-two years, who saith, that his Habitation being at the 
Foot of the South Mountain, on the South-East side thereof, on 
Thursday the thirteenth day of April last, about 7 o'clock in the 
morning, He, this Deponent, was in his house with Katharine his 
Wife, John his child, about seven months old, Thomas Potter, son 
of the late Captaiu John Potter, Esq., Deceased, Frederick Ferrick, 
his Servant, about fourteen Years of age, Hannah McBride, aged 
about Eleven Years, William White, about niue Years old ; in bis 
Field were Samuel Hunter and Daniel McMenomy, Labourers, when 
a party consisting of nineteen Indians^ came and Captivated Samael 
Hunter and Daniel McMenomy in the Field, and afterwards came 
to the dwelling house of this Deponent, and about six of them sud- 
denly rushed into the house, and were immediately driven -out by 
this Deponent and Thomas Potter; the Door of the house was thrown 
down by our pressing to keep the Indians out, and their pressing to 
come in, they shot in the house at us, and shot away Thomas Pot- 
ter's little finger. We then had time to know their Numbers, and 
in a little time surrender'd, on the promise of the Indians not to kill 
any of uS; they tied uS; & took us about Sixty Bods up the Moon- 

* 8eo below. 


kin^ where their Watch Coats lay, for they were naked exoept the 
Britch Clouts, Legins, Mocaains and Caps; then they brought the 
two men that had been at Work in the Field, and in about half an 
hour^ they order'd us to March, seting me foremost of the Prisoners. 
We marched one after another at some Distance; at about seven 
miles they kill'd my Child, which I discovered by seeing its Scalp, 
about twelve o'clock I saw another Scalp, which I knew to ne ThO'- 
mas Potters. I have since been informed that they killed him at the 
Place where their Match Coats lay. Fryday the 14 th, about twelve 
o'clock, they murder'd Samuel Hunter on the North Mountain, they 
drove us over the Allegheny Mountain a day and an half, and on 
Monday Night about ten o'clock, I escap'd, they having sent me 
several Times about three Rods from the fire to bring Water. In 
nine Nights and Days I got to Fort Lyttlcton, having had no food 
other than four Snakes, which I had kill'd and eat, and some Buds 
and Roots, and the like; three Cherokee Indians found me about 
two miles from Fort Lyttleton, cut me a Staff, and Piloted me to 
the Fort. 

In conversation with the Indians during my Captivity, they in- 
formed me that they were all Delawares, for they mostly all Spake 
English, one spake as good Eiiglish as I can. The Captain said he 
had been at Philadelphia last Winter, and another said ne had been 
at Philadelphia about a year ago ; I ask'd them if they were not 
going to make Peace with the English ? The Captain answered, and 
said they were talking about it when he was in Philadelphia last 
Winter, but he went away and left them. 

Affirmed & Subscribed at York, ) 

the 12th May, 1758, ) 

Col. Geo. Stevenson. 

B. Chew to R. Peters, 1758. 

Dear Sir, 

The Bearer, Captain Wells, comes up to town to let the Qovemor 
know that he has raised his Company, and to receive his and the 
Oenerars Commands. I have view'd his men, and think them the 
finest set of fellows I ever saw, most of them from their size being 
fit for Grenadiers. You may rememl)er thafc when he was recom- 
mended, I informed the Gov' that the principal motive that induced 
Wells to enter into the Service, was from the expectations that he 
had of being eldest Captain, and having the rank and Title of Major 
of the 3 Companies rais'd in this Government. His Age, figure and 
Circumstances, make him abundantly better qualified for it, than 
either Nixon or McCluckan. The first is a very young man^ & the 


last, (wkateyer Charaoter may have been giwQ him,) beii^ a low 
lived Oreatnre, & an obscure PersoD previous to his late PromolMm. 
It is to be Qonsidered also, that Wells has rais'd his Gompanjin leas 
time than the others, who had their Commissions & were recraiting 
long before him. He has also the honour of being a Justice of the 
Peace for Kent, so that I think the Preference is due to him from 
every consideration. I have been most horribly paid off with the 
Fever and Ague, which has given ray Countenance a most Ghoslly 
appearance. I am, however, much better this morning than I have 
been for a week past, & am in hopes of escaping my fit to day ; if it 
returns, I will certainly come to Town to-morrow, otherwise I shall 
be obliged to deny myself that happiness till towards the last of the 
week. I am, B' Peters, 

Tour affection* h'ble Serv*, 

N. Castle, May, 16, 1758. 

To Richard Peters, Esquire, Philadelphia, by Capt Wells. 

Commissioners to Gen. Forbes, 1758. 

Philadelphia, May 19th, 1758. 
The Commissioners Compliments to General Forbes. They agree 
to allow an addition of Two Shillings & sixpence per Diem to the 
Pay of the Captain of Horse, over & above a Cap*, of foots Pay. 
One Shilling & sixpence to the Cornets, & four Pence to each pri- 
vate mans. They also agree that one more Post Horse be allowed 
to each of the Stages formerly fixed for them, & whenever they can 
hear of Persons fit to be recommended for Indian Interpreters, they 
will acquaint the General therewith. 

Commission op Gen. Forbes to Mordeoai Thompson, 1758. 

By His Excellency General Forbes : 

I do hereby appoint Mordecai Thompson, of the County of Chester, 
Deputy Waggon Master, under the Direction of Robert Irwin. And 
do hereby impower the said Mordecai Thompson, to contract w**^tbe 
owners of such Waggons in the said County, as shall enter into hu 
Majesty's Service for the Campaign, agreeable to the Advertisement 
printed by my Orders^ in the Pennsylvania Gazette.* And I do 
* Of May 11, 1758. 


hefeby promise and engage, that the several Artieles therein men- 
tioned, shall, on the behalf of his Majesty, be punotually oomply'd 
withy as far as the nature of things will allow. 

Given under mj hand and Seal at Anns, Philadelphia, 
the 20th day of May, 1768. 

Gov. Wm. Hbnby Lyttleton to Gov. Dbnnt, 1758. 

Charles Town, May 20% 1758. 


I have received a Letter from Mr. Secretary Pitt, dated the 27*^ 
day of January last, wherein he is ploased to say, '^ It is the King's 
Pleasure that you do forthwith use your best endeavours to procure, 
with as much Secrecy & Dispatch as possib.e, experienced Pilots that 
can be depended upon, & who are knowing in the navigation of the 
Rivers of Mobile & Mississippi, & you will cause such Pilots to re* 
pair in the most expeditious manner to Halifax, in order to be em- 
ployM in such attempts as Admiral Boscawen may think proper to 
direct, and Care will be taken to reward the said Pilots for their 

I am inform'd that such Pilots as abovemention'd may be prooa« 
red at Philadelphia, & I beg leave to apply to you, Sir, to procure 
& sgnd them to Halifax. Kyou should incur any expence thereby, 
& you will please to acquaint me therewith, I will take the necessary 
means for your reimbursement. 

The Bearer of this, Captain Isaac Calcock, is going to Halifax on 
this Service, & I be^ you will give him any such assistance to for- 
ward him thither as he shall desire. 

It is needless for me to recommend to yon to observe the greatest 
Secrecy possible concerning all the subject matters of this Letter. 
I am, with much esteem & regard. 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant, 

Gov Denny. 


George Stevenson to Rev. Mr. Peters, 1758. 


Last Thursday the 18^^ Inst, about 8 o'Clock, A. M., otme David 
HoCouaugby^ & returned the beating Order & £50, w** he bad re- 
oedof ine the 12^>^ Inst., & refus'd to qualify & take his Commis- 
BiOD, for w^'* Conduct he gave me the following Reasons, viz. 

1*^ That I had not given him Notice that there was a Coromission 
for him as soon as I might have done, viz., not till Friday the 12<' 
Inst., and till all the other Officers had reoed their Orders. 

Note, This was as good a Reason the 12^ as it was the IS*'^. In 
my next I shall shew y* it is not Fact 

2^, That the Beating Order was not sign'd by the Governor, nor 
under the lesser Seal of this Province. Note, I put an ink Sc^l to 
it, the Governor's Name, & the Secretary's, in their proper Places, 
directed it to him, dated and certified it to be a true Copy ; tbis was 
all I could do^ having then in my Hands no Original. Mem., that 
was no Objection the 12^. 

8'. That it was reported, (particularly by a certain Tho". McKean, 
in public Company, some where about Marsh Creek or Conewago,) 
that He (David McConaughy) had no Commission, or would get none, 
& that any Men He might or could raise would be put under some 
other Officer, or words to the same Effect. Several other trifling 
Things he said not worth repeating; but the foregoing Reasons I 
wrote immediately, followed him to the Tavern & shew'd him the 
writing, which he acknowledged to be fairly stated & Truth, in the 
Presence of two Credible Witnesses. Can any Man believe that 
these^re his Reasons ? I'm inform'd he had enlisted several Men, 
& that when he resolv'd to resign he took back the enlisting money, 
& discharged them ; but this I do not assert to be Truth, as I have 
no Evidence to prove it as yet. 

Capt. Minshal has resign'd, much against his Inclination ; he 
blames his Sasquahannah Friends, says they have so far infiuenc'd his 
Wife that he cannot withstand her Tears & Cries, he will neverthe- 
less forward the Expedition to the utmost of his Power. By the 
advice of Mr. Bay, Mr. Armor, Mr. Barton, & others, Robert 
McPherson,'(a very worthy young Man) takes Minshal's Commission, 
his Lieut, is James Ewing, who has been in the Service, is recruit- 
ing in Donegal & other Places where he is acquainted, the Ensign is 
Peter Meem, he recruits amongst the Germans in & about this Town. 
Pm persuaded that Company would have been compleat 'ere now, 
if it had not been hurt by the opposition of Jn<>. Wright, by bis 
Tool, Ludwig Myer ,* I have no doubt of its being full in a week, 
notwithstanding all that has happen'd. 

And^ Finley, (Capt. Hunter's Lieut.) brought 14 recruits to Town 
last Night, which, he says, compleats that Company. I prevailed 
with Capt. Hunter to take Hadden, his Ensign^ to w^^ C. Hunter 


had no objection^ other than y' he has not been nor could not be of 
any Service in recruiting. Hadden return'd to Carlisle yesterday 
Morning, & is to enter on Duty in four Days. 

By the last Acc^ I had from Capt. T. Hamilton^ he had about 20 
Men last Thursday. 

Upon the whole, you may depend on four Companies from this 
County, viz., the Captains Hunter, McPhersop, McGrew & Ha« 

And as they all have their Snbalterans there is no Vacancy in 
them four Company's, for y* German Cadets. 

Mess" J. Armstrong & D. McConaughy, have only fail'd, k I 
can find no one here, who will now undertake in the Room of D. 
McConaughy, therefore the 5^ Company, (which I'm confident he 
could have raised) must drop; if he had at first refus'd; I could 
have found' another very readily. 

The Rev' Mr. Craddock gave me the Pleasure of a Visit, & 
preaeh'd an excellent War Sermon from Mr. Listr/s Pulpit, on Fri- 
day last, in the hearing of Messrs. Barton, Bay, & Listry } he went 
with Mr. Barton yesterday, is to deliver another Sermon to the sama 
Purpose to day from Mr. Barton's Pulpit. 

Could you find as much Time as to answer my Letter of the 27^ 
March, about Nelson's Ferry, by the next Opportunity, you would 
do me a singular Piece of Service. 
I am, D' S', 

Your moat obedient 

H"' ServS 


York, 21** May, 1758. 
Mr. Peters. 

G0HMI88IONBBS OF THB Lower Counties to Gov. Denny, 


May it Please your Honour, 

We have received your Honours Commands by Major Shippeui 
k have consulted him on the Sundry matters directed by your 

We have reauested Mr. Chew to procure the Drums ft Colours, 
ftc». necessary for our three Companies ; they are already provided 
with Cloathing, ft most of the other necessaries for their March, 
when your Honour pleases to Command. 

As there is no provision by our Act of Assembly for any other 
Officers than those alrtody Commissioned by your iionour^ nor any 
power given the Commissioners, further than to apply the sundry 
Sums already rais'd to his Majesties use, all which is already appro- 


priated : however, We are very desirous that nothing should be wtnt> 
iDg on our part to assist the Service, & shall Use our Int** with oor 
next Assembly to have a suitable allowance for Major Shippen, for 
his Services in the Expedition. Your Honour was pleased to meo- 
tion, when at New Castle, that the Captains of each Company should 
be appointed to pay their own men. We have, pursuant to y Hon- 
ours opinion, drawn largely in their favor for s' purpose, & there 
now remains but little Cash in our Office, Therefore suppose it un- 
necessary to have any particular Officer appointed for that parpose. 
Ooe of the Lieuten^ or Ensigns, (which your Houour will please to 
nominate) will undertake the Offices of Quarter Master & Adjutant 
for a very small additional Sum. And as our money will be far 
short to Answer every requisite, We doubt not but your Honour 
will order matters accordingly, which will lay this little Governm^ 
under particular Obligations to y Honour. 
We are your Honours 

Most obedient h**« Serv*», 


New Castle, May 28*, 1758. 


To The Honourable William Denny, Esquire, Lieutenant Qover- 
nour & Commander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, & 
Counties of New Castle, Kent & Sussex, on Delaware. 

John Blackwood to R. Petbbs, 1758. 

On Saturday Evening, 27 Instant, I arrived here; my march that 
day 26 mile, 10 of which was at thire own request, I thinck are 
now so well satisfied with me that I have Reason, every Reasonable 
Duty from them with the greatest Cheerfulness ; at Germintown 2 
of Skulked from me, but my Lieutenant, with the assistance of the 
people there, took them and Brought Prisoners to me at Robins; 
I marked them so the next day, so discharged next morning. I had 
good Reason to Believe this fault Reather the Effect of liquor than 
any form'd designe to leave me. Sr, I observe in my Orders that I 
am to be verey Spareing of my Ammunition, I hope ybul Inform 
me the first opportunity, whether my Useing a few Rounds of it, 
bring the men to be marksmen is forbid or imply'd therein ; our Can- 
teens are so leaky that they are worse than none, and Bleam my self 
for not trying them, my verey great hurry was the Reason of the 
Ommissiou. Napsacks are much wanted, if the Commissioner would 


•llow a few Axes, I think they would be very Serviceable. There 
18 not any news here that I can hear, shall endeavor to, as offten as 
I have any thing worth your notice. I hope I shall beheave so as 
not to bring dishonor on myself or friends ; this moment I hear, that 
one of the men whom I left last night ten mile from this place, who 
ware more tired then the rest, (under the Care of a Sargant and 
Corporal) attempted to Desert, when he was pursued he fired on the 
party, is ndw Prisoner. I beg Direction in this affair. Please to 
lett his honours Direction in this affair. 
I am, and remain to be, Sr, 

Your most obliged & 

Verey humble Serv*, 

Beading, 12 o'Clock, at noon^ 
May y 29, 1768. 

Levi Trtimp to Gov. Denny, 1758. 

Fort Augusta, May 30, 1758^ 
May it Please your Honour : 

Permit me to acquaint your Honour of the arrival this Day of Mr. 
Montgomery, a Cadet, & 2 Indians, dispatched from this on the first 
Current, in Company with Hembus, their Captain, & Mr. Dunlap, a 
Cadet, whom they lost on the west of the Allegany Mountain, & as 
they were unacquainted with the Path, concluded to return ; & on 
the 27th met an Indian, who informed them he was of a Party of 
Forty that were there about, & jud'ing them Enemies, they threw 
away their Blankets, &c., & have made a severe .march these two 
Days past. Col. Burd, by his Instruction, ordered them to Carlisle 
for his Examination. I filave used my endeavour to persuade them 
to go to him, but they will not till the arrival of the rest of their 
Company, therefore have dispatched Mr. Montgomery, above-men- 
tioned to him, & doubtless, he will be more particular to your 

I am with due respect. 

Tour Honour's most Humble Servant, 

Directed. — (On his Majesty's Service.) 

For the Honourable William Denny, Esq'., Lieutenant Governor 
and Commander-in-Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania* 

Jno. Blackwood to R. Peters, 1758. 

This Attends You with my Compliments, &c., also praying that 
ou would acquaint his Honor the Governor, that I hope he will 
so good as to Recommend it to the Commissioners that some pro- 



vision be made in Relation to a Doctor for the men that are Sick in 
mj Company. I applj'd to a Gentleman here for to Assist me ia 
two or three Cases, but he insists that I mast become his pay master; 
I told him that I could not doubt but he would be paid a Reasonable 
and Modarate Charge for any Service He rendered the ProviDdal 
forces ; if Something is not done in this Case, I am perswadcd the 
Men mast Suffer, and Consequently be Rendered unfitt for Publiek 
Service. I have no News to Write ; my men Behave well & are in 
great Esteem here. 

I am, D' S', 

Your very hum"* Serv*, 

Reading, May 31, 1758. 

To Richard Peters, Esq', in Philadelphia. 

A List op the Number op Waggons, Dkaught and Pack 
Horses, 1758,- 

From the Several Townships of the County of Northampton^ Re- 
turned to me hy tJie Constables for his Honour the Governor, as 
follows, vizt. : 

Kaston Township, 
Forcks Township, 
Allen Township, 
Upper Millford Township, 
Whitehall Township, 
Sallesbury Township, 
Upper Sacon Township, 
Wiliiamton Township, 
Lower Sacon Township, 
Mount Bethel Township, 
Bothlaham Township, 
Macungy Township, . 
Weisenberg Township, 
Heidlelbarg l^ownship, 
Linn Township, . 

June ye 10th, 1758. 




It, Hont 




. 12 






. 11 






. 18 






. 42 






. 12 






.- 4 






. 6 






JOHN RINKER, Sheriff* 

* a detailed report of the number possessed by each person by name, is 
attached to this summary. 


John McMichabl to Gov. Dbnnt, 1758. 

To the Honble William Denny, Esq', Lieutenant Governor & Com- 
mander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, &o. 

The Humble Petition of John McMichacl in behalf of himself 
snd Divers Inhabitants of the Township of Lower Smithfield in the 
Coanty of Northampton, Humbly Sheweth : 

Thai your Petitioner and the rest of the Inhabitants of said Town- 
ship lived near Fort Hamilton until about the time that the Provin- 
cial Soldiers were ordered away, at which time they were obliged to 
move to Aron Depuys, Samuel Depuys, and Benjamin Shoemaker's 
houses for fear of the Enemy Indians. 

That by means of many of the Inhabitants of the said Township 
haveing gone away, and others inlisted in the Province servicoi 
there is not a sufficient number left to keep guard, whilst others are 
cutting the Grain, so that unless some of the Provincial Soldiers are 
ordered to protect the Inhabitants whilst rapeing the Harvest will 
be lost. 

May it therefore Please your Honour to order that a Sufficient 
Namber of the Provincial Soldiers may be sent to Protect the Inha- 
bitants of the said Township during the harvest, & as in Duty bound^ 
Yo' Pet' will pray, 


Copy of Passport for Cherokee Indians to N. Y., 1758. 

By the Honourable William Denny, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor 
and Commander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania and 
Counties of Newcastle, Kent and Sussex on Delaware. 
To all to whom these Presents shall come. Greeting. 
These are to certify that the Bearer is employed by this Govern- 
ment in conducting to New York Thirteen Indian men, sevcfb Indian 
Women, and Three Indian Boys. As all these Indians are our good 
Friends and allies, of the Cherokee nation, chiefly with a few Mo- 
hocks, and are going to Sir William Johnson on Business of Conse- 
quence, they are in an especial manner recommended to all Officers^ 
Civil and Military, in the Places thro' which they are to pass, for 
Protection, and all kinds of assistance they may stand in need of. 
Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms at Philadelphia, this 
Day of June; in the year of our Lord; 1758.* 


See Colon. Rec. Vol. VIII., p. 124. 


John Bmrs to R. Peters, 1758. 


I Beg Leave to Inform jou that in Pursuance of the orders 
granted me by his Hon' je Governer, have in two weeks recruited 
47 men, 42 of which has past Master Roll; ye other five ludisputA- 
ble, Cap* McNigbt has recruited 34 men. 

As the Defence of mj Country was ye only motive that excited 
me to accept a Comission of that sort, I beg that as soon as possible 
my company may be furnished w* arms & other acouterments fitting 
for a Campaign, that I may enter imediately upon Duty, as I expect 
soon to have them complete. Colon' Armstrong desired me this 
Day to give you an account of ye taxes of our County, upon which 
I imediatly went to Mr. West's, who is one of ye Com", who told 
me so soon as he acquainted ye other Com", he would either allow 
me ye Liberty to do it; or do it himself; which I am willing to &erye 
you in. 

I am Sir, 

Your very Humble Serv*, 


Carlisle; the Ist of JunC; 1758. 


To Bichard PeterS; Esq'; Secretary in Philadelphia. 

A Report op the Provisions at Fort Augusta, 1758. 

Fort Augusta; June the Ist; 1758. 
Cloathing, Ammunition; Tools; &c.; now in Store here. 

82113 Pounds of Flour, 15 Pick Axes, 

16306 pounds of Dry'd Beef, 8 Calking Irons, 

80 Qalh of Whiskey, 16 Brass Kettles mostly worn oat^ 

23 pounds of match rope, 12 Grubing HoeS; 

12 Old watch coats intirely worn 18 Broad do., 

out; 3 Crow Bars, 

173 pr Course Yarn Stockings, 4 Cross Cut SawS; ordinary, 

13 Reams Cartridge paper, 4 Whip do. do., 
8 pr. Steelyards, 1 do. New, 

I Sett of Coopers Tools, old, 2 Dutch Saws, ordinary, 

1 Sett of Carpenters, do., 10 Iron Wedges, 

24 Old Carrying Saddles, 91 Old Blankets, 

2 Hogsheads of Salt, 8 Frying Panns, 



3 Barrels, do.^ . 

2 do. of Mackrell, 

} Pcice of Ozenbrigs, 

10 yds. of Fl^Dnle; 

10 Horse Collars, 

10 Pitching azes tolerable good^ 

26 do. almost worn oat^ 

10 do. Broad ordinary, 

4 Drawing EniveS; do., 
4 Adzes, do., 

6 Spades Tolerable good, 

8 do. worn out, 

18 Shovels ordinary, 

14 Mawl Rings, 

2 Hand Screws, 

4 pr. Traces, 

2 Drag Chains, 

12 Battoes patch'd up for present 

8 Peices of Cannon, 
2 Swivels, 
7 Blunderbusses, 
114 Small Arms?, 
112 do. out of order, 
104 Cannon Ball, 
1301 Grape Shot made up for. 

46 Hand Grannades, 
400 Flints very ordinary, 
i Cask do. not very good, 
i Cask of Nails, 
1 Grinding Stone, 
110 W* Lead. 

IbkofPowdsr. BalfBarrak. Bnlleli. fioek and Svrsa SboU 

In Store, 

Made into Cartridges ' 
for Cannon & Swivels, , 

Iq the Soldiers horns ' 
and Pouches, 






2 • 








Expended this Month, 2 Barrels of Powder in teaching the Sol- 
diers to shoot at Marks, and keeping their Arms in order, and what 
the Battalion took when they marched. 





























































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Edward Shippen to R. Peters, 1758. 

LaDoaster^ June 3d, 1758. 


I am Sorry to tell joa tbat of the eighteen Waggons which were 
ordered to be pressed to make np the 60 demanded by Col. Bonqnet, * 
there were only three brought in, however the Commanding Officer 
here is immediately to be applied to. But I should be glad to See 
oar late Act of Assembly respecting waggons and horses, or I would 
rather desire to have particular Directions how the. Justices are to 
proceed in order to oblige an unthinking People, to Say no worse of 
them, to do their Duty, especially considering the goodness of their 

I am, Sir, 

Your most Obedient, 

Humble Servant, 

Directed. — ^Richard Peters, Esq'. 

Joseph Shippen to Capt. R. Walker, 1758. 

Philadelphia, 6th June, 1758. 


It is General Forbes Orders that you immediately get your Com- 
pany armed and accoutred here, and then to march without Loss of 
Tioie to Lancaster, where you will wait to receive further Orders. 
I make no Doubt you will make the greatest Dispatch possible. 
I am, Sir, 

Your most hum. Serv^, 

Brigade Major. 
To Cap^ Richard Walker, in Buc^s County. 

Vol. III.— 18 


Joseph Shippbn to Thomas January, 1758. 


It is His Honour Governor Denn/s Orders that you immediately 
send ap Two handredand Sixty-five Musquets, with Bayonets & Car- 
touofa Boxes, &o., to Lancaster, which are to be delivered to tbe 
Care of Edward Shippen, Esq'., for the Use of Five of the new 
Levied Provincial Companies. And also, to send Four hundred & 
twenty-four Musquets, with Bayonets & Cartouoh Boxes, &e., to 
Carlisle, which are to be delivered to the Care of Francis West, 
Esq'., for the Use of Eight other new Levied Provincial Companies. 
By order of Governor Denny, 

Brigade Major. 
Philadelphia, 5th June^ 1758. 

To M'. Thomas January, Provincial Armourer^ in Philad*. 


York, 6th June, 1758. 

Yesterday, Capt". Hunter's Men were reviewed by M'. Jameson 
at York, & 34 Wagons were contracted for with the People. Re- 
turns will be made to the Governor, agreeable to his Desire, as soon 
as the Men shall be collected together, & pass Muster. 

The Names of the Officers are as follows, viz. : 

Sw S^fSne.' I Co.'i.iona be„ Date the 25th 
W-. Hadden, Ensign. j ^^- "^^• 

^^L'KlntT^u^'^*"' i Com'ifflions bear Date the 10th 

Victor KS.lLieuV*"" I Com'issions bear Date the 16th 

Will-. McDowell, Ensign, j May, 1758. 

The Gom'issions for the Captains were dated when I rece'd them. 
Tbe Officers are all sworn. Hunter's & McPherson's Companies 
are full, & if they had Gloathing & Aoooutrementa, are ready for 


I go with M'. Jameson to the Review, 22 Miles West of Tork, 
on Thureday next, there to contract for Wagons, id pursuance of a 
Power from Colonel Boqaet for that Purpose. 35 Contracts were 
signM here yesterday. 

The Bearer, AK Lieut. Ewing, goes to buy Cloathing for Capt. 
MePherson's Company. As you have always been good to the Offi- 
oers, I make no doubt you will aid the Bearer with y good Council, 
when 'tis necessary. I hope you have^^rec'd the Money for M'. 
fiopkinsbn by Capt". Hunter. I shall be glad to hear from you 
when you have Time. My Family are Well ; my Wife sends her 
Complim**. I have kept a War Office near 5 Weeks, without Fee^ 
Beward, or hope thereof; thank Qod the Expedition looks better 
than it did; the Store Ships I hope have brought the Arms, &c., &o. 
I am, !> 8', 

y most obed*, 

H"« Serv*, 

Directed.— 'M'. Peters. 

Capt, John Mountgomery oco Major Thos. Llotd, 1758* 

June 6th, 1758. 

I Rece^ yours bearing Date the 3d of this Instant, Agreeable to your 
Letter you wrote, which is Desireing that I shou'd march my Com- 
pany to Lancaster on Friday Next, there to be Reviewed. I was so 
late in getting my Commission, that Most of the Men were Enlisted 
hy Otheres that has been Earlier Commissioned, which Makes the 
Hen Scarcer to be had. I am still getting some, but it is Meerly 
Impossible for Me to Raise My Company as Speedy as I am Besire- 
OQs,^ut I am Making all the Heast in My power. I am Not Ex- 
pecting My Company to be the Last in Reviewing. I have between 
Lieutenant, Ensign & Myself, Enlisted About 40 Men ', and as for 
the Bemaining part of My Company, I shall do all that Possiably I 
can do to Oet them Made Up. I Cannot March to Lancaster on 
Eriday Next as you have wrote to Me; I have officers out on all 
hands helping to Raise Men, as also Myself Does all I Can to Oet 
up My Company with Speed. 

S', Your Most Hum"« Servant, 


To M'. Thomas Loyd, Major of the 2d of the Pensilvania Batt 
Kegim^. These. 


David Jamieson to Gov. Denny, 1758. 

York Town, y 6th June, 1758. 

Agreeable to the Orders I received fnmi Coll. Bouquet^ I aitiTed 
in this Town lAt Saturday ; I jesterdaj examined and paaaed forty* 
four of Oap^ Hunter's Recruits, there is more of them to be in Towt 
this day, than will com pleat his Company; Captain MoPhearaon's 
Company, he informs me, is full } Cap^. Hamilton & Capt. M'Giev'B 
Company's, I am informed, is aot yet near full ; The recruits are bo 
scattered throughout the Country, that I believe it will be the latter 
end of the Week before they will all arive in Town. I find it ex- 
tremely difficult to keep the recruits in order, for want of Sergeants 
that understand duty, & have not so much as a single Drum ; None 
of the Recruits are furnished with Cloathing, or any necessaries for 

I was desired by Coll. Boquet to try if possible, to gett the Re- 
cruits to find their own Arms, but I find this impracticable ; of the 
44 that passed yesterday, not one-third of them had arms, or could 
be prevailed on to gett them, therefore I shall find it extremely diffi- 
cult to gett as many arms as is* necessary for the men that are to 
escort the Waggons this Week to Fort Loudon ; of this I have in- 
formed Coll. Bouquet by a letter this morning. 
I am, Sir, 

Your most obedient and most 

Humble Serv*., 



On his Majesty's Service, to William Denny, Esquire, Gk)vemour 
&c. of the Province of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, per Lieut. Ewins. 

BfiPOET OF Chas. Thomson and F. Post, of.Joubney 


To the Honourable Will" Denny, Esq., Governor & Commander in 
Chief of the Province of Penusilvania, & to the Honourable BrigBr 
dier General Forbes. 

The Report of Charles Thomson & Christian Frederic Post. 

On Wednesday, June the 7th, 1758, having received the Bfes- 
sages for the Indians, & Instructions from the Governor, we set out 
for Wyoming. Next day we reached Bethlehem, having engaged 


OD the road Mosea Tetamy & Isaac Still, to aooompany us.' From 
Bethlehem we took three other Indians^ & on Friday arrived at Fort 
Allen. As we had heen informed on the Boad of some bad news 
sent to the Grovemor by the Captain at Fort Allen, we enquired the 
partienlars, and were informed that on Tuesday last, two Indians, 
Aqnelin & John Philips, oame to the Fort express from Teedyuscnng, 
at Wyoming, to let them know that on Sanday last were seen a 
party of Enemy Indians, about 78 in number, directing their ooarse 
towards the Miniainks. This discouraged our Indian oompanionSy 
and as they had been all along against our going into the IndiaD 
Coontry, this made them much more averse to it. 

Whereupon we called them together next morning, & made them 
acquainted with tiie purport of our Messages, & the necessity of our 
going. With this they were satisfyed, & it was concluded we should 
go. And having Settled every thing with regard to the way & manner 
ve should travel, we left Fort Allen about 12 o'clock, & crossing 
the Neshamewatchual & Qaekeek Mountains, we lodged all together 
about 12 miles from the Fort 

On Sunday Morning we set forwards pretty early, & by 12 o'clock 
reached the N^lscopeknn Mountain, within 14 or 15 miles of Wyom- 
ing. Here we met 9 Indians travelling down to* Bethlehem. They 
had left Wyoming the day before, & had been six days from Gh^n' 
ango, a Town of the Nanticokes, on Susquehanna, about half way 
between Owegey & Ossewingo. There was one Nanticoke, a Son of 
Captain White, one Munsey Captain, one Delaware, four Mawhiccons, 
& two Squas. Upon meeting them, we stopped and enquired the 
news, & from several questions asked, we learned that Teedyusonng 
was well and at Wyoming, that all was quiet among the Nanticokes, 
that their principal men were at the Council at Onondaga, which 
was not yet broke up ; That Backsinosa was at Seekaughknnt, but 
that he was preparing to go somewhere, he said to his own Country ; 
that they had heard of no body of Indians going Southward. 

Being informed of our going to Wvoming with good news to all 
the Indians, they told us they thougnt it was by no means safe for 
as to proceed ; that strange Indians were thick in the woods about 
Wyoming; that a party was seen but four days ago, whose Lan- 
goage none of the Delawares there understood, nor did they know of 
what Nation they were. This ^rming our Indians, they pressed 
US to turn back with this Company, & make all haste to Fort Allen, 
k two of them would go & invite Teedyuscung to come to us there. 
This we objected against, on the account of losing time, & proposed 
followiog what had been at first agreed upon, that was to go forward 
to the Wyoming Hills, k there wait %ill two of our Company went 
forward k informed Teedyuscung of our coming, & knew of him 
whether it would be safe to go to the Town. The Indians we met 
thought it dangerous to proceed any farther, as they had seen fresh 
Tracks crossing the Path in two or three places between this & 
Wyoming, & at one place not half a mile from where we then were. 


Upon tfiis it was proposed and agreed apon, to go baok to the eiat 
side of the Hills, and there lodge to night, till two of our Inditas 
went & invited Teedjnscung to come to us. And the friendly In- 
dians we met, agreed to stay with us till he came up. 

From farther conversation with one of the Company, after we had 
been some time together^ we were informed that two hundred of the 
Six Nations had set out with a Resolution to go to war against the 
English ; that he & his Company had seen 60 of them, & that six 
of his Company were discouraged and turned back. None of his 
Company, he said, understood their Language, but they made signs 
that they were going against the Minisinks. Next day, between 11 
& 12 o'clock, Teedyoscung, Tepiscakung, Captain Augustus, Sam 
Evans & David, came to us. At first we expostulated with Teedyos- 
cung about the Road being shut, & told him that we were come with 
good Word to all the Indians, we could not go to liis Town to de« 
liver them. He said it was not his fault. We put him in mind 
that the Road had been opened by a Belt of Wampum from Wyom- 
ing to us, & that it was his business to keep it open firom his Town 
to Fort Allen, as we keep it open from Fort Allen to Easton or 
Philadelphia. We farther took notice, that it was th# Custom of all 
Nations to suffer Messengers of Peace to go backwards and forwards, 
safp and unmolested ; tha,^ unless this was practised, two Nations 
once at War, conld never be at Peace again. To this Teedyuscong 
replied, that what we said was right, but that the Six Nations, not 
him, had blocked up this Road ; that two hundred of them had gone 
to war in different Parties; that they had passed thro' several Towns 
on the Susquehanna; tKat in these Towns the Delawares endeavored 
as much as in them lay to dissuade Ihem from going to war against 
the English, but they would not hear them ; that these 200 were 
chiefly of the Seneka N,ation, & from three Towns that lay near the 
French ; that the Reason they assigned for their going to war with 
the English, was, that about three years ago a party of their War- 
riors went against the Catawbas, and upon their return, entered the 
settled parts of Virginia, where a White Man in a friendly manner 
invited them to his house, & having got them there, sent in the 
night & collected a number of his neighbours, & fell upon the party 
and killed them all exce^ one Man, who escaped ; for this they had 
cot yet taken a full revenge ; they said they had heard the words 
Teedyuscung had sent them, but they were now out & would not 
turn bade, but would strike the English this one time more, & after 
they bad given them this one blow, then, if they found the English 
still of the same disposition Teedyuscung represented them, they 
would never strike them morf ; but if they made peace with them, 
it was not they themselves might be quiet; for then they would torn 
their Hatehet against the French. 

. The Delawares then told them if they were resolved to go to war 
against the English, & would not turn back, they must take some 
other way, for that ail the People down the Susquehanna were at 


PMoe with them. The [war party theo agreed not to proceed on 
that Path, nor willingly to hart the People of Pensilvania. . But as 
tbey might miss their way, & contrary to their Inclination fall in 
with them, they insisted that some of them should shew them an- 
other way. Whereupon, a Munsey Captain, named Yachkaposay, 
(the same that headed the party that lay above Fort Allen, at the 
Elaston Treaty, in 1756,) undertook to shew them the way, & having 
pot them in the Path to the Minisinks, he returned home again. 
From one of these parties, a few Shawanese hearing that the Kng- 
lish were building a Fort at Wyoming, went down to see whether it 
was 80, & these were they t)iat killed the yonog man, wiien the 
workmen were there. 

Teedyuscung further told us, that a Report had prevailed among 
the Indians up the Susquehanna, & thro^ the Seneka Country, £ 
along the Allegheny, that the English were building a Fort at 
Wyoming, with 800 men ; that this was confirmed by the Shawancy 
Party that had been down ; that upon this they immediately held a 
Ooancil, to consult what should be done. At this it was proposed 
that some one should go and know for certain whether it was really 
80, & boldly ask the English what they meant. Tho' this seemed 
daogerons, yet one Wellameghikink, (George Elayes,) a Wanami, 
who lives in a Town of the Senekas, near the French Fort at Nia^ 
gara, & is a Captain on the Ohio under Tessawhenand, the Chief of 
all the Belawares on the Allegheny, offered to go, tho' it should cost 
him his life. Not many days after the English left Wyoming, he 
came there & was informed of the true state of Affairs, and three 
dsys ago left that in order to return and inform the Indians thereof. 
He it was that brought down the aforegoing Intelligence, which was 
confirmed by these Indians from Chenango. 

Teedyuscung said that Welameghikink further informed him, that 
the French at Niagara were in great want of Provisions ; that they 
had applied to the Senakas to supply them, telling them that the 
English had stopped the Mouth of their River, so that no Provisions 
eoiidd be brought up to them, & that therefore they were obliged to 
to apply to their Children the Indians for some ; that therefore the 
Indian Squas from the Seneka Towns near the Fort ware employed 
in carrying them Indian Corn, which they- sold at a great Price, and 
so eager were the French to get it, that the officers, when they heard 
the Squas were coming, used to go and meet them, & in order to 
encourage them to bring more, would pull off their Cloaths, & even 
their Shirts, and give them to the Indians; that the Soldiers used to 
paroh the Indian Corn & then pound it, & mixing it with a little 
water drink it, & this was all they had to live upon. 

After Dinner we told Teedyuscung our orders were to deliver our 
Messages at Wyoming; that being dissuaded from going further, we 
had stopped here & sent to desire him to come to us ; & now he was . 
come, we desired to know what we should do. He said he was glad 
we did not come to him , that he had seen fresh Tracts as he came 


along, & he thought it best to deliver the Messages here. Where- 
upon we .sat down, & taking out the Belts & Strings, delivered the 
Messages distinctly. After they had been read & int&preted onosi 
in order to impress them deeper in his Mind, we gave him the suU 
stance of each Belt & String in other words, & then entered into a 
Conversation on every Part. By this Means every thing being re- 
peated again, he seemed fully to comprehend every Part, & to be 
much pleased with the whole. With respect to the Cherokees, he 
said, if the Messenger should recover & inclined to see him, he might 
come by the way of Bethlehem, & and from thence some Indians 
would conduct him & his Company safe up to Wyoming. On the 
Belt to remove the uneasiness respecting the Settlement at Wyo- 
ming, he said he hoped that was already removed, or would be upon 
the ilstum of Wilameghikink & bis Company, which consisted of SO 
Men from seveml Towns of the 6 Nations. 

The Senaka Belt & that to all the Nations, he was much pleased 
with, & said he did not doubt but the first would bring many down 
& the latter give general satisfaction. As to calling together the 
Parties about Wyoming, & knowing their Busine»>, he did not know 
how that could be done, as neither he nor any of his People under- 
stood the Language of some of the Parties, but that he would do 
what he could in that Matter, & what Litelligence he could gain, he 
would send down by Sam Evans. 

Of Easoweyowallund or Daniel, he said he had not yet heard any 
thing } but the other Messenger, Willemighihink or James, he heard 
was on his way down, as he expected him at Wyoming in three Bays. 
We then told him, that as the Government & the General had these 
things much at heart, & sincerely desired to see a Peace with the 
Indians established on a sure & lasting Foundation, we were sent up 
with these Messages both to convince the Indians of the Sincerity of 
the English, that they might be well & fully explained to them, ft 
that our Orders were, after we had delivered them to him & his Peo- 
ple at Wyoming, to proceed farther with the Messengers Teedyus* 
ouug should send along, & carry these Belts to the other Nations. 
He said it had been often asked by the Senekfts, why none of the 
English accompanied the Messages sent to them. We told him there 
would be hereafter no Occasion for such a Question ; we were now 
ready to go & would set out with those he sent along as soon as he 
pleased. On this he was silent We then told him if he had any 
doubts, he might take time to consider it, & that we would proceed 
with him to Wyoming & lodge there to Night, & this we were the 
rather inclined to do as his Messenger was so soon expected, by 
whom we hoped to hear some agreeable news, which we would trans- 
mit to the Governor. After musing some Time, he said he thought 
we could by no means proceed to Uie Seneka Country that wsj, as 
many Parties were out, that he imagined the safer way would have 
been by Albany to Onondaga. We mentioned to him what the Six 
Nation Chiefs had said at the Treaty at Lancaster last Summer, by 


wlicli it appeared to us^ that that way was not proper, inasmiioh im 
the Senekas were the Door of the Six Nations to the Westward, aa 
the Mohawks were to the Eastward, & we told him their Advice to 
OS then was to apply immediatelj to the Senekas, & by a Belt to 
invite them down, which we now wanted to do. 

He said, before we could go with safety, a Road should be opened 
at least for Messengers, & he thought it would be well if that was 
done at the ensuing Treaty. We again mentioned our going up to 
Wyomingft staying there till his Messenger came in, or at least this 
Night. Whereupon after consulting his Council, he took out some 
Strings of Wampum & by two forbid us to go farther, for fear of 
some Mischief befalling us; by two more, he expressed his Uneasi- 
ness least some of the White People, in pursuing the Enemy Indians 
that were on our Frontiers, should come as far as where he lived ft 
fall upon him & his People. By three other Strings, he requested 
of the Government some Provisions, & especially Indian Com, by 
the way of Shamokin, from which Place his young Men could easily 
bring it up in Canoes. He likewise desired to be supplied with somo 
Ammunition. As we found we must return from thence, we en- 
deavoured to gain some more Intelligence, & asked him if he bad 
any News from the Westward. He said he was further informed by 
Wellameghihink, that Hans Jacob, his (Tcedyuscung's) Son & one 
Hamels, another Indian, had been out on a Scout to fort Duquesne ; 
that tbey had Surprised two French Men, & shot them at a small 
Distance from the Fort ; that the one was killed dead on the Spot, 
bat the other escaped on Horseback to the Fort^ where he no sooner 
entered than he fell down & died. 

Upon this the Commander of the Fort called the Senekas together 
k told them the Catabaws had struck him. Soon after another In- 
dian from fort Augusta, being out on a Scout near the French Fort, 
killed another French Man. The Commander again called the Chiefii 
of the Senekas together & told them the Catabaws had struck him 
again. Hereupon the Scneka said. Why do you say the Catabawa 
have struck you ? It is not the Catabaws that have done this, but 
yoar Children the Delawares. At hearing this the Commander was 
Tery angry, & sent for the ttrd Chiefs of the Delawares, Tessawhe- 
nand & Cutkassanecamcn, k complained of them in harsh Terms. 
When the Dispute grew warm, Tessawhenand told the Commander 
he behaved like an old Woman, to make so nmch noise about three 
Men, & consider how many he had made him lose. But tho' 
thq^Bones of so many of his Men lay scattered up & down in the 
Woods, & all thro' his Means, yet he made no Noise about it. The 
French Man never heard him complain. When the French Com- 
mander still went on complaining, Tessawhenand told him, if he had 
any thing on his Mind to speak out & not scold any more like a 
Woman. The Commander, who was now very angry, told him, if 
he did not punish* the Delawares he should die. At this Tessawhe- 
nand started up & taking the Commander by the Hand said^ now 



yoa speak like a Man. Ton say I shall die. Bat I now tell yoo, I 
will not die alone. You shall die also. The English are od&iing up 
& as soon as they stjcike you on one side, I will strike yon on the 
other. Willameghihink said he imagined that before this tbey had 
come to Blows. The two Chiefs had, before he came away, ordered 
their People to separate from the French, & consulted together hov 
to be revenged. They proposed two Schemes, one of which they 
agreed to follow. One was to wait till the English came up, & then 
&U on the French ; the other was to pretend a Reconciliation, k 
having a Party of Men i^ady, to take an Opportunity & rash into 
the Fort & drive the French out & then burn the Fort, & this they 
think tlfey can easily do. But before they took any Step of that 
Sort, they thought it necessary to know the Truth of the Reports 
' respecting the English ; what their Designs was in building at Wyo- 
ming; whether it was for themselves or for the Indianf, & whether 
they were willing to make a Peace with all the Indians, as they had 
been informed. And in order to know this Wellamighihink was 
dispatched away. 

We next enquired how the Chief Man of the Senekas was affect- 
ed to the English. He said the Chief Man was our Friend. We 
then asked how it came to pass that his young men came down to 
War agaiust the English ? Ho said these Warriors came from some 
Towns near the French, that they were therefore in the^French Inter- 
est & the chief man had little influence over them. We were 
farther informed that when these 200 came out to War the chief 
man of the Senekas, Tageghshata, called! a Council & complained 
that the young men did not regard him ; that he was no more than 
an old Woman among them ; that he saw a great number of his 
young men going past^is door with Hatchets in their Hands, bat 
that he did not know where they were going & he feared this would 
be the Cause of Mischief. The Munsay Captain we met & who 
came with us down to Bethlehem, said he was afr the Council & heard 
Tageghshata make his speech. 

From farther Enquiry among the Indians we had some intimation 
that the Seneka Nation were in general dissatigfied with this Govern- 
ment from something that happened in a Treaty with Sir WiU'm 
Johnson. Soon after Sir Wm. received the Commission to negotiate 
Indian Affairs he called a Council of all the Nations. To this a 
great number came. He then told them that the King had at sev- 
eral Times sent out large presents to the Indians of which they had 
been cheated by the Governments to which they were sent, but that 
it should not be so any more, that he was the only Man who fad 
Power to treat with the Indians & that he would see them righted. 
This, as it awakened the jealousy of the Indians, raised in them a 
Disrespect for the other Governments, as they imagined they had no aa- 
thority to treat & that Councils or Treaties held with them were of 
no significancy. Besides, a Report was very generally propagated 
among the 8eneka8|y but by whom uncertain, that the King had seat 


lirg» Pretente for the Indians to Pensilvania, which tbo Qoven^ 
ment of PennsilTania had appropriated to their own use, and as the 
Road of Communication between this Oovemment & the Senektf 
has been for some time shut & no free intercourse between them & 
fu, no means were used to remove thia groundless Report till it be* 
oame nnirersally believed, & the nation in general exasperated againsi 
the Pensilvanians, & thj^ was thought to be one Reason tbst the 
Chief Man tho' more inclined to the English than the French & tho' 
he has kept himself & his Town quiet jet has used little Care to re- 
strain those who bad~anj inclination to go to war with ns. 

We next enquired of Teedyusoung what he had heard of the 
Prisoners; whether we might hope to see them soon returned. He 
told OS that a few days -ago one Nenacheehunt, a Chief of one of 
the Towns on the Allegheny, had come to him at Wyoming to know 
whether the English were willing to include him in the Peace, & 
whether Teedyuacung desired the Prisoners should be returned^ & 
being assured of the Truth of both these articles, he said there were 
a good many Prisoners in his Town & he would take Care thev 
ahoold be all restored & that he & his People would come down & 
settle with Teedyuscung at Wyoming. 

Bat from what we learned from the Indians the Case of the 
Prisoners is this: All that are taken are looked upon by the Indiana 
as the Private property of the Captors & a^e either given away to 
those families who have lost any Men in the War, or. are sold to 
others as we do Slaves, and many of those who have been taken, we 
aie informed, have been sold & bought several times. Now, as the 
Indians have no public Fund to redeem them out of the Hands of- 
private Persons, & as we have none of their People Prisoners to ex- 
ohange for them, it will be next to impossible to procure the Return 
of the Captives without offering a price for them & redeeming them 

We also asked if he had heard any thing more of the 800 North* 
era Indians that were said to be going to fight the Cherokees. He 
said he thought, nay was assured, that the Report was altogether 
groundless, for he had enquired both of 'Welameghihink & Nona- 
eheehant & of those who came down from Chenango & none of them 
had heard any thing of that & had there been any truth in it 
Welameghihink or Nenacheehunt must have met them as they came 
up the Allegheny the very road the party must have taken. 

As it now grew late & it was concluded we could not go forward, 
we thought it best to return back part of the way, especially as our 
Provisions began to grow scarce & there was no Pasture for the 
horses in the Place we now were. As we were preparing to set out 
Teedyuf>cung came to us and asked whether Mr. Hughes had deliver* 
ed to the Governor the French Colours which he (Teedyusoung) had 
taken from Bill Sock. We told him we did not know. He then 
desired us to ask the Governor whether he had received them, & 
whether he had given Bill Sock those Colours or whether he kept 


two sorts of Oolonrs. He said if the Oorenior had two sorU of 
Goloars & gave one sort to one Indian & another sort to another it 
would breed Confusion. 

As we are just ready to takft Horse Gkbriel Loquus, an Indian k 
his family, whom we had left at Fort Allen, eame up. As some «f 
Mir Company, whioh was now enoreased to fourteen, were gone b^are, 
we took leave & set forward, leaving three oc. four to follow at a smsU 
distanee behind us. When we stopt at night we found two of our 
Company missing & upon Euquiry found that Gabriel Loquns bad 
brought up with him some Spirituous Liquor, & Isaao Still, who wis 
•ne of those behind, said he heard the King proposing to drink be- 
fore they went any farther, & that seeing them go to drink he hast- 
ened away A, this he supposed had detained our two Companies. 

Tuesday in the afternoon we arrived at Fort Allen, the Prospeet 
of whioh was hid from us till we came just upon it by Bushes grow* 
iag on the Bank of the River. Here we enquired where Gabriel 
Loquus was supplied wifh Liquor & were informed that he had been 
down at one Bowman's, who lives about 5 miles on this side the 
Fort and had got it there* In our way down one of us called at 
Hans Fetter Bowman's & was then informed by Evan Bowan, a 
soldier of Captain Bull's Company, that this Bowman had on Satu^ 
day last let Gabriel Loquus have about five Gallons of Whiskey. 
Bowman himself acknowledged his having supplied him with be- 
tween three & four Gallons. When the ill Consequences of seliing 
tiie Indians strong Liquor & the Breach of the Law were represent- 
ed to him, he said he had made a Present of it & that he would do 
the same again, & that nobody could prevent his doing what he 
pleased with his own. The ill Consequences that will, we apprehendy 
attend this man's supplying Loquus with Liquor at this time, are, 
that with these four or five Gallons of Whiskey Teedyuscung & his 
People will be made drunk, & consequently incapable of calling to- 
gether the scattered Parties about Wyoming, & should Messengers 
arrive from the other Indian Towns, as was daily expected « he will 
be incapable of receiving the news they bring & dispatching Messen* 
gers to this Government as he promised. We would further observe 
that it was this same Gabriel Loquus who made the Messengers 
drunk, who were not long ago dispatched from this Government to 
the Allegheny, & that he is often employed in carrying the Indians 
spirituous Liquors, whioh the neighbours say he is supplied with by 
this Bowman. 

On our way down to Bethlehem the Munsay Captain, named 
Kelhapugh or Isaao, told us he had a Complaint to send by ns to 
Philadelphia about ^ome Lands in the Minisinks, of which he said he 
had been defrauded & about which he had been complaining for 
about twenty years without reoeiving any Redress. 

As he told ns his Land lay on the West side of the Delaware we 
let him know that at the last Treaty Teedyuscung had in the i 


of ill the Indians oonplained about the Lands in this ProTinee^ ft 
•had agreed that this matter should be left to the Determination of 
the King & his Council. We therefore desired him to wait a little 
laager till the King's determination was known, & he might depend 
Dpon having justice done him. He said that several of the Munsays, 
k meationed in particular some of his own Relations, had been dis* 
possessed of large Tracts of lands in the Jerseys, without even reoeiv- 
iog any Consideration for them. We told him that we had now car- 
ried op Belts to the Indians, & as he himself had heard, had invited 
all who were willing to be at Peace with us to a seneral Treaty ; 
that his Nation was invited as well as others, & we therefore desired 
him to press his great man to come down k then if any one thought 
himself wronged in any thing or had any thing on his mind, he 
should then make it known & by that means all uneasiness would 
be removed, everything adjusted to satisfaction & Peace and Friend- 
ship between the English and Indians established on a sure ft last- 
iog foundation. With this he seemed well pleased. 

At Fort Allen we acquainted' Captain Bull, of the party that was 
going against the Minisinks, that he might send ft give notice there* 
of^ and as soon as we arrived at Bethlehem a Letter was dispatched 
to Mr. Swaine with the same Intelligence, that he might inform the 
People of the Jerseys. 

At Mr. Horsefield's we met one Captain Neilson of the ProviU'* 
dais, who after expressing himself with great Bitterness against 
Teedyusoung, declared that if he met Teedyusoung or any of his 
People in any ef the Courses he should be ordered to take, let them 
come on what occasion or with what pretence soever, he would kill 
them without asking any Questions. He was also inquisitive to 
know in how many days a Party of stout, active men could go to 
Wyoming, ft expressed himself as if he had a desire to send out a 
Party to destroy that Town. When we remonstrated against such 
a step being taken against friendly Indians, who had the faith of the 
Qovemment plighted to them for their Security ft a Town built by 
the G-ovemment, he wished that the Indians had Scalped, but not 
killed all those who went up with Mr. Hughes, that thereby they ft 
others might be convinced that we had no friends among the 

Having paid the Indians who went up with us we left Bethlehem 
on Thursday ft that Evening returned to Philadelphia. We have 
only to add that all the Indians are removed from Diabogo ft Owegey, 
that Backfiinosa, with about 100 Men, lives yet at Leekaughhunt, 
that the Nanticoke Tribe has but about 50 fighting men ft that they 
live chie% at Chenango. The short stay we made in tbe Indian 
Country made it impossible for us to know as much of the state of 
the Indian Tribes as we could have wished. However, we neglected 
no opportunity of informing ourselves as far as we could & have en« 
deavoured to give you a full account of all the Intelligence gained 
by us, who are, &c. 


A Copy from (he Original by Oha*. Thomaon. 


IndiaDB. Report Charles Thomson & Frederick Post of their Jonrny 
in June^ 1758. Presented the day of the fast 16th June, 1758. 

Charlbs THO])fSON TO RicHARD Pbtbrs, 1758. 

Extract from Charles Thomson's Letter dated Fort AUen^ June 
10th, 1758. 

Gabriel Looquies wife accidentally coming over to the Fork infoms 
that the two Indian Messengers (who oame last week with the Intel- 
ligence) from Wyoming lodg'd at their House and acquainted them 
that the Party (about 78 in Number) intended only to go to the 
Minnesinks, and that the Uneasiness of the Mohocks arising from 
their apprehensions of building a Fort there, were partly remoTed) 
Thirty having come down just before they came away, and fully 
informed themselves of the true state of a&irs. The two men told 
Lacquies it was a party of Shawnese that kili'd Joseph Croker, and 
that they were afterwards seen. 

As we have five Indians wit£ us we shall send two to go before as 
fast as they can, and we shall proceed leisurely with the other three; 
if those before meet any thing amiss, one is to return and inform us 
of it, if nothing they are to proceed with all bast, and inform Teedy« 
uscung of our coming. 

Please to acq* the Secretary of this, but I think its of importanoe 
suffix for me to write to the Governor. 

To Richard Peters, Esq'. 


Indians, 10th June, 1758. Intelligence, Charles Thompson, Fort 
Allen. Delivered by Israel Pemberton, 14th June, 1758. 

Captain John Bull to R. Pbters, 1758. 

June ye 12th, 1758, at Fort Allen. 

X With Satisfaction I Received yours, and you may depend upon 
my Service as far as Strength and Knowledge will Permit, in giving 
Cap^ Nealson Notice and In assisting my self to the Safety of the 
Inhabitants, and I shall be Infinately obligd to you if you can give 

* See Col. Rec., Vol. VIII., pp. 132, 137-189. 


me in some measure notioe wben we shall maroh^ or whether I shall 
march shortly or not. 
Ibese from your ever willing to serve in mj Country's causoi 


N. B. Please to send a line by the Barer. 


To Mr. Peters^ Secretary. 

Captain John Bull to Samuel Dbpuy, 1758. 

June ye 14th^ 1758^ at Fort Allen. 
Mr. Samuel Depugh, 

Thb is to let you know that there is this evening come to Fort 
Allen too white men from Wioming, one named Frederick Post, 
and one Thomson, who have been there with messages from the 
Government, who informs that thero pas^d by Wioming a party of 
Indians, in number 25, Being part of too hundred French Indians, 
00 their way to the frontiers or Minisin^s, these in hast from yours 
to Serve, 


N. B. Please to send a line by the Barer leting me know what 

Captain John Bull to R. Petees, 1758. 

June ye 14th, 1758, at Fort Allen. 

These is to let you know that there is dayly Indians Passing and 
RepasFiDg, and they want Suplys from us, I have taken care that 
they have had what want in Bcason on the account of Province, 
and as I havo-had no order in this affair be pleasd to send me a line 
leting me know whether I must. see them Suply'd or not. Sir bo 
pleased to except these from yours to serve, 


To Mr. Peters, Secretary. 



Smithfield; June 15th, 1758, at night 

Dear Sir, 

Inclosed I send yon, Capt. Bull's letter to me from Fort Allen, 
with an ace* of Indians supposed to be on their way to this part of 
the Frontiers or Minisinks, which is much to be feared, will prove 
most fatal to this part, as it is at present the most Defenceless, the 
Bearer of Mr. Bull's letter informs me that he saw 11 Indiiins 
between this and Fort Allen, but he Luckily made his escape, io 
this he says he is willing to be qualified, I hope D' Sir yon will be 
kind enough to take his qualification, and Transmitt it t-o his Honour 
our Governor with a state of oar present Defenceless Ciroumstancea, 
interceding for us by imploring his hon** to aid and assist us as much 
as in his power, as your influence I humbly apprehend is Great and 
yourself well acquainted with our Defenceless Situation, much mis- 
chief has been done in the Minisinks sometime ago of which I be- 
lieve you are by this time informed, last Thirsday the Indian, began 
to renew their Barbarities by killing and scalping 2 men, and slightly 
wounding another in the Minisinks, and this morning we beared the 
Disagreeable news of a Fort being taken at the upper end of the 
Minisinks, by a party of Indians supposed to be 40 in number, the 
white men its said belonging to that Garrison were Farmers, and 
were out in their plantations when the Indians fired on them and 
killed them, whereupon the Indians marched up to the Fort and 
took all the women and children Captive and carryed them away, 
and last night the Indians stole a ferry Boat at a place called Wall- 
pack; and brought from the Jersy shore to this side a large number 
of Indians, as appeared by their Tracks on the sand banks, so that 
we are in continual fear of their approach, I wish we may be able to 
Defend ourselves against them fill it be in his honour's power to 
assist us under God, he being our protector, and I make no Doubt 
from the Fatherly care his honour has been pleased to exercise over 
us since his succession to this province. But he will be willing to 
acquiesce with your reasonable and just sentiments upon the whole, 
which believe me Dear Sir will always meet a gratefull and adequate 
acknowledgment from your most Humble Servant, 


P. S. Should his Honour think proper to send men, he need not 
provide any farther than their arrival here, I have provisions for 

Directed. » 

For Swain, Esq'., at Easton. 


Captain Lbvi Trump to Gov. Dbnny, 1768. 

Fort Augnstfti Jane 17th| 1758. 
May it Please your Honour^ 

Permit me to acquaint you of the Arrival last night, of Mr. Dun- 
lop and Captain Hembas, mentioned in my last of their not being 
come in from the Allegany, to Morrow morning, I shall Dispatch, 
Mr. Dunlop to Liev* Colonal James Bnrd, for bis Examination, I 
Coald not Prevail with Hembas to go with him, as he had a message 
^m a Indian that he parted with above the Allegany mountainsi 
to King Teedyuscung, to morrow he is to set out from here for 
Wyoming, in order to deliver his message to the King, as to what 
loteligence they bring I cannot be Perticular to your Honour no 
Farther then that they ware in a Delawar Town twelve miles above 
YaDiDgo Fort, where they StayM three days, and was kindly enter- 
taia'd by all the Indians there, they left the Town on thii third 
iDstant, and on the thirteenth there was a number of the men Be^ 
longing to the Town, to leave it and come down to the North Branch 
of SuBquahana to settle. 

As Colonal Burd has the examining of Mr. Dunlop, Doubtless he 
will be Particular to your Honour. 

The two Indians that came in with Mr. Mongomery; left this 
place the fifteenth instant, in order to go to Bethleham. 
I am with due respect, 

Your Honour's most obedient, 

and most Humble Servant| 



(On His Majest/s Service,) For The Honourable William Dennyi 
Esq'., Captain General and Governor of the Provanoe of Pennsyl- 

Cdristiak Busse to Conrad Weiser, 1758. 

Dear Sir, 

At noon I received news that this morning about 8 o'Clo'k, the 
Indians took and carried away the Wife of John Frants, with 3 
Children, 6 miles from here, deep in the Country. I sent momently 
Lieut. Johnston whit a party of 9 Men to go along the Mountains, 
and to Slay at the Hole fto intercept them. Them being gone, a 
Farmer who was following on Horsebak, came bak and told that he 
Saw 3 Indians near the Fort at the phice of Six. Being not able 



to Spare move men, as jast a Detacfaement was oat to meet ihe 
Wagon whit provision, I Bend Seijt. Christ. Mowrer only whit tvo 
men to look for their Tracts. It is a cruel fate where wee are 
brought to that, wee shall fight whitout Powder or Led. If some 
is there, be pleased to send it to us. I hope you will be so kind as 
to give Capt. Blakwood Notice hereof, whit my Compliments. 
I am. Dear Sir, 

Tour very humble Servant, 


Fort Henry, June 19, 1758, ) 
at two o'Clok in the Afternoon, j 

Just now I receive news that the Son of Jacob Snabele, not far 
from Dubs, is Killed and Scalped, having 5 Shots in his Body. As 
this hSS happened at the Same Time, there must be undoubtly a 
good number of them Indians. It is probable that they are still in 
the Coantry, all the Tracts of them going in and none out. I sap- 
pose, according to Tracts, that there are about 20 of them in the 
Country. I believe that our very good Allies at Wioming have 
done this Service to uS; as all the Tracts over the Mountains come 
from the Bast. 

The Farmers of Tolpehooan have brought up Some men towards 
the Hole, and desired mee to join them whit a part of the Garrison, 
whereupon I hwe Sent them a Serjeant whit 8 men. 

At five o'Clok. 


To Col. Conrad Weiser, Esqr., by Mr. Predr. Weiser, at Beading. 

Adam Reed to Joseph SHippEsr^ 1758. 


This Acquant you that about 5 of the Clock this Afternoon, as 
Lenard Long was Riding along the Waggan Road, about a Mill from 
My house, was Kill'd and Scalped by the Indians; As the gnna 
was heard at My house, as Many of My Company as Could be fited 
out with Ammunition, (of which we are Scarce,) Run out Imedetlj, 
and Came to the Corps Lying on the Road Bleeding, but All we 
Cold doe Cold not find any tracks, only their Beeds Behind an old 
log wheir they had Layn watching ; I Sent parties along the Moast 
Suspected places, but As Night was So Near w^ Cold doe Litel, bat 
give the few Inhabitents Notice that is Living in a Seat'red, dea- 
tress' Condition; the morow morning I Intend to Send parties out 
along ye fiiunteerS; that if possable I can prevent the few bthabiteats 


finom fljing from their HabiUiions, And will So Continne nntill 
farihei^ orders, as it is Expected that I will march mj Company in 
a few days to Carlisle. I dont Expect any Inhabitents to Stay in 
theae parts without Some Assistance. 

S', I am yours lo Serve, 

HanoTer, June ye 18th, 1758. 

For Joseph Shippen, Briga' Maj'. .These. 

EdWard Shippbn to Gov. Denny, 1758. 

Lancaster, June 19th, 1758. 
Honoared Sir, 

Testerday I was favoured with a Letter from M'. Secretary Peters, 
of the 15th Instant, informing that the Arms and Accoutrements 
and other necessarys were Sent up to me for Captain Reed's Com- 
pftQy, which I shall take care to forward as Soon as the waggon 
arrives. Inclosed is a Copy of necessarys wanted the 12 Instant 
for the new Levies, which Ma'. Shippen sent to General Forbes last 
week ^ one Doctor Canson, by which will be Seen a State of what 
was wanted for the five Companys of Captain Stone's, Capt. Boyd's, 
Capt Clarke, Capt. Montgomery, and Captain Reed, as well as 
what was wanted for the Seven Companys over Sasquebannah ; But 
aa to the manner of all the Companys marching through Lancaster, 
k how the Officers behaved, I can only Say I saw nothing amiss in 
any of them, save that Captain Boyd's men refused to march away 
for want of Arms and Blankets, &c., until compelled by Ma'» Ship- 
pen, their Own Captain being Absent 
I am with Respect, 

Your Honour's Affectionate Fr', 

& Most Obed< Humble ServS 


To the Hon"« Gov'. Denny. 


Conrad Weiser to R. Peters, 1758. 

Reading, June the 21, 17^. 

The Second division of Waggons from the Connty of Bercls, are 
now going off for Philadelphia, in order to load Stores of M'. Joso^ 
Howel's for the use of the Army, Commanded by his Ezcellency 
General Forbes ; this division Consists of 26 Waggons, four more 
are fiting out here, so that there will 56 good Strong Waggons from 
this County in this Service ; Each Waggon is Complcatly furnish' 
with four Able Horses, and an Expert driver, according to the direc- 
tion of the Oen'l or Coll. Bouquet, all (but four) Contracted vohn- 
tarily with me. I appointed over Each division a deputy Waggon 
master, to Serve as Such till it Shall be otherwise ordered by the 
proper officer or^ officers, both understand Smith and Wheelwright 
work, their names are John Esher & Jacob Weaver, freeholders of 
Beroks County; have the English & the German tolerable well; I 
furnished them with money of my own, but have Since received by 
order of Coll. Bouquet, thro' means of M'. Adam Hoops, my own 
again, and what Else was wanting. May the most high prosper onr 
Ux>ur with Success, is the hearty wish of,. 
iJear Sir, 

Your Most Obedient & 

humble Servant, 


The township of Tulpohockin .famished 10 Waggons, and paid 
Bounty money to Some. My Son, Fredrick^ and one of hb neigh- 
bour, furnished one between themselves. 

To Richard Peters, Esq'.^ Secretary to the Government, in Phila- 

List of Names of Oheroeees and theik SiaNiFiCATioirs, 


Weyesoug, or the Cold. 

Heneley, or the Common-on-Instnunent to play with. 
Hunnegurwisky, or the Bitter. 
Sky Huga, or Travelar. 
Nethsthouwewa, or Strieker. 
Turturwiskey, or the Forsaken. 
Necourragqua, or the Killer. 
Kinnathshia, or the Company Keeper. 
Keththakisky, or the Messengar. 
Gugkonnosky, or the Drunker. 
Hannechcharor the Comer Inn. 
June 21, 1759. 


Lieut. Samuel Price to Gov. Denny, 1758. 

Fort Allen^ Jane 29, 1758. 
To the Honourable WILLIAM DENNY, E8q^, Commander in 

Chief of the Province of Pensilyania, Kent & Sussex, on Delaware. 
Honoured Sir : 

This is Tinfinrm jon that King Teadeysonnk is arrived here with 
Three Nations of Indians, and Tis a Comming to hold a Treaty with 
Toar honour and Connci), and expects to be there in five days, and 
bestres your Honour to meet him at Qearmantown, and the Rest of 
the Gentlemen of the City, and to deatain the Chireykees Nation if 
they be not gon, and hopes to Smoak some of that good Tobaoo 
with yonr honour, that the Kings, the Fri^ds used to Smoak la 
Former Says. Brother take Notice, when I come you will find my 
feet bloody ; some body has staned our good Road with blood, but 
I cannot tell who has done it. Brother, set and Smoak that good 
Tobaeoo, and fix your Eyes on that good Road Till I Come. The 
EingB Speech. 

P. S. I have to Inform your Honour, that Captian Bull and 
Ensign Qiiicksell set out on a Scout with 40 men towards the Mi- 
mes nks and up the Mountains, and has not Returned as yet. This 
is all at Present I have to Inform your honour of) but Remian your 
hnmbie l^ervant t