(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Pennsylvania archives .."

iSf! 



' --* -; ! S.e co nd.Se r i e s. -•*:- 



K 



Reprinted laxtder direction of 
CHARLES WAEREN STONE, 

Secret aiy of t he C o m mo n\\ r e a 1 1 h , 




Edited by 
JOHN B. LINN and WM.H.EGLE ,M.D. 

VOL. vii. 

HARRrSBTJRG: 

E.K.Meyers .State Pointer. 



&*/ 









agffBm 



> 









\ \ A .u 



£0 £& 






PAPERS 



u 



KEL.ATINO TO 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS 






PENNSYLVANIA, 



1682—1750. 



HAERISBURG: 

EDWIN K. MEYERS, STATE PRINTER. 
1891. 




(2) 



PAPERS RELATING TO PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



WILLIAM PENN TO CAPT. BROCLES AND JO. WEST. 

Philadelphia, 3 d 5 th mo. , 1683. 
Worthy Friend : I doe much desire y e good news of y e Ar- 
rival of y e Governor, by whoso & prudence I expect & 

hope an happy Settlement will Attend New York and her de- 
pendents. I hear my neighbour, y e Lord Baltimore, has desired 
to know of his arrival], y l he might show him y e kindness 
of an old acquaintance. I would pray y' y e express stay 
to give me y e newes, y l I may express my duty to y e Duke & my 
Esteem for a Pe son of so fail- & honourable a character. I 
have now to recommend y c bearer, and with hiine a Gentleman 
of y e towne, in a busyness y* relaits to myselfe & y e Improve- 
ment of this his majesty's Province, they, James Graham & 
W" ; and y c busyness I intrust y em with is to treete with y e 
Sackem of y e Mawkawkes & Senecers & there Allies about some 
Sasquehanash land on y e back of us, and whare I intend a 
Collony, forth with, a place soe out of y e way y 1 a small thing 
could not carry some people to it, all tending to enlarge y e Eng- 
lish Empire. I doubt not thy continuance in favours to y e 
Commissioners of Albany, but I thought it decent to mention 
it, and doe assure y e y l I shall at all times embrace y e oppor- 
tunity by which I may manifest how sincerely 
I am 

Thy Affectionate & 

Cordiall friend, 

W m PENN. 



WILLIAM PEjNN To COL. PHILSON LLOYD. 

ye 24". iph m0i 1683- 

My most Esteemed friend : It is proverbial w th our nation, 
y l it is an 111 wind y' blowse no body good. Jno. Edmonson's 
Entanglem' 8 gave me ye satisfaction of a Lett r from thee, w c * 



4 PAPERS RELATING TO 

was increased by ye hand y 1 brought it, assuring me of thy 
perfect recovery, & I pray God continue it to those good & 
happy Ends, for which he givese long Life & length of days to 
ye Sons of Men. And, now, give me leave to say, y' this is y e 
first Letter I rec d from thee since thy last great fitt of Illness, 
w ch I mentioned to defend myself y e imputation of an unfriendly 
silence, for, (such I must have esteemed mine,) had I received 
a letter mention'd in this, w L \ I perceived, thy kindness writes 
but somebodies Carelessness or Injustice hath rob'd me of. In 
ye next place, while I was preparing myself to give thee a large 
ace' of y e Discourse past in my presence, between John Edmon- 
son, Juq. , & W m Pickering, about y e Bill of Exchange, return'd 
protested, news is brought me of y e Arrival of a Ship, at New 

Castle, & Joseph Growdon here, to see me, w ch made me 

giving thee y e trouble of y" History. ' & after such congratula- 
tions, Inquiring of their Voyage & wellfare, I took occasion to 
discourse him about it. I find him weary, w th ninteen weeks' 
passage, & y l care of an intire ship & Cargo of his own, but 
verv ready to embrace y c safe & speedie way to Justice. He 
tells me, y' Jn" Edmundson was, therefore bound for y e Bill, 
because y l was drawn by his Agent, to enable him to make good 
his Bargain of Tobacco, w ch being, yet, short of performance, 
more y n y e contense of y e Bill come to, especially w hl he reflects 
on y e great Damages, as well by y e goods being sold really at 
first cost, or no better Tobacco at such a Price, & y° Ship want- 
ing freight by non-performance of Contract. He holds himself 

not strictly obliged to deliver Jn° Edmonson from this 

. till he hath first done him Justice about y e Contract. 
Nevertheless, he saith, y' if Jno. Edmonson will come hither, 
state acc ts , & give him reasonable security for Payment of y e 
Balance, he will immediately pay Coll. Lloyd y e Contense of y e 
Bill, here or in England. To w ol \ I will venture to add, y' his 
Ability, Understanding, Education, & Morals, will not suffer 
him to step aside from his word. It would, therefore, become 
Jn" Edmonson to hasten hither, his present circumstances not 
permitting him to leave these parts yet a while. In y e mean- 
time, I am much obliged to thy good opinion of our Justice, 
w ch , it seems, is not singular ; & I am glad y l any good can be 
thought to come out of our Nazareth. I hope, while I live, 1 
shall endeavor to make Justice easy,cheap, & speedy. And, if 
y e worst of men shall find it. Coll. Lloyd can never want it 

where I have any power to show it, which Leave to 

return my hearty Acknowledgm' 8 of thy Good wishes, for an 
Accommodation betwixt your Proprietors & me. And, now, 
suffer me to be mor.e y n w n an occasion is given. I 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 5 

would not take, & can not civily loose. Want of his good 
nighbourhood is a thing I lament. 

Want of his good Nighbourhood is a thing I came w th , but y' 
unkindness is better born y u deserved, especially when y° pur 
chase of his favour is costly. Y" wise Light knows no quality 
nor person, & it is better to be plain y" to dissemble resentm'. 
An Agree 01 upon a ballance were desirable, but w" y e terms of 
jt are to cost a man's self, compliance were mean and wittless. 
Neither nature nor Grace imposeth y' Talk where neither Law 
nor Conviction governeth y c Case; but by many acts he hath 
precipitated y e business, & to make him amends I will stand y c 
Challenge, resolving rather to loose it fairly, & then easily de- 
liver up y e point. Let it not be made a vice to w lh stand so great 
a, Man; he is here but a Proprietor, & so am I. I yield him 
priority ; Superiority not — w ch being said without offense, I still 
abide by my former expedients, & Magnus deit mihi Apollo, 
whose Justice and Wisdom shall produce a better. I offer 11 , 
at Newcastle, to debate y e Merits of y e Cause, w ch was declined— I 
will not say evaded — and am still ready to imbrace y e occasion, 
be y e Auditory private or publick. And it looks strange y l 
things should come to this pitch before they had past a true 
and full discussion. Such a conference might have brought 
Light and Conviction w tn it, and y e whole series of my Life 
will defend me from y e sin of standing out ag l my Conscience 
& Judgm'. A Country so long seated & replenisht w th People as 
his, must needs have some men learned & wise. Let y e States- 
man, y e Civilian, and Lawyer be y e Advocates of his Cause. We 
will hear y m , and yield to y m too, If their reasons are better; at 
least this will make y e Case clearer, and draw it to a point, if 
not finally issue it to o r mutual Content, & either justifie or re 
buke y e passions of those men of his Province y l show me mine no 
Mercy, who not only to y e friends of my Interest, but y e strang- 
ers that came to right us; inveighs ag' my Title, threaten my 
possession, degrade my Province, & belye my Proceedings, 
whilest Maryland escapes us with almost a total silence; but 
even these Partialities and repeated affronts have no power to 
hold me from y e means of peace. Grod, y e omniscient one. is y e 
great and incorruptible witness of my sincerity for an Accom- 
modation ; & yet I can hardly hope for y e sight of my wife & 
children, y e dearest Comforts of my Life, w th more Affection 
& Integrity y n I went for Maryland to agree and ratine a last- 
ing Amitie w th y e Proprietor. And y e Issue of this Difference, 
fail, as it will, it will never cost me below y' Content, w c \ 
through y e Providence of my Life, will preserve me above fear 
& Murmuring to his wise Disposal, who will have y e last Judgmt 
of all y e Actions of our Lives. I leave this to thy still ingenious 



(5 PAPERS RELATING TO 

friend to conceal or divulge w' I have written, being in this 
without trick as I am without. 

And 'tis admirable, w"' all thinking men, y' he, having never 
attempted Dutch or Duke with lines & survey ord s , after his 

assurances of courting all occasions by w ch to shew 

him self a F nl to Pennsylvania, should call thus eagerly upon 
me & take my refusal in y c P s light, as well as my ovvne, in so 
ill part. 

& with singular affection & regard, 

Thy very cordial Friend, 

W. P. 

P. S. —Excuse me, y l I use another hand. It is not state, but 
matter of necessity — being somewhat indisposed, by a cold, w oh , 
in writing, especially, occasions troublesome ditiuctions of 
Rhume. 



WILLIAM PENN TO WILLIAM CLARK. 

[1684.] 
W m Clark : Thyn I have ; thy care in the good & prosperity 
of those parts will not prove thy disadvantage. The inclosed 
is a writt to chuse y r Provincial Councel-men for y e court of. 
I have also sent a printed coppy of y e Charter of Libertys y' 
thou mayst direct y e sheriff, but apprehending y" y e number 
will not be two great & changeable to y° country. In case they 
chuse 4 of y e 12 for y e provincial councel to sit with me, & y e re- 
maining 8 for y e assembly, whereby both 'will come to but 7, y e 
number hereafter intended for y e Provincial councel of y e Pro- 
vince, it may do best as y e case stands, & our infancy considered, 
otherwise 200 Representatives must be chosen, at 18 ss p r diam 
yearly. Only this first time y* y e Freemen may come in Person. 
The reason of y e Liberty was y e freeness of y e people & y e ap- 
prehension we had in England y'y e people might meet to chuse 
in some one place, but considering y e mighty distance they are 
at, & y e season of y e year, I am of opinion that 12 out of a 
county, 4 like our English Knights of Shires for y e Provincial 
councel, & 8 for the assembly, will be a fitt company for our 
magnitude ; for N. Claypole, I wave his unhandsome carriage to 
me if conscience were in y c matter. I should for give him, but 
he y l eats y e bread of others might have held his tongue in my 
title io Sussex. But does he y l this was possessed by 



- PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 7 

Dutch before the L d B. had a Patent, y' y° right of others could 
not be given, that it was never claymed by y e L d B. father for 
30 years successively, that American rights are so wilde, y l y e 
labourers is g. g. parts of y e 100 of any such title, & finally, y l y e 

Dutch from y e K. claims by bought y e natives right, 

\v h y e L. B. never did, & so has y" savage & y e chieftain right. 
Y e L' 1 B. Patent gives him only y- land of y c savages, not of 
chieftains, & civil People of y e Dutch were. Much I could say, 

but wave till I see y eo y e season my building & this 

forbid me to visit you yet. but remember me to y e may . . . 
... & People, & tell you I am come here for their happy 
settlement, & if thou keepest me in y e fear of God & right acts 
lor my service & the country's, thou shall be accordingly re- 
garded by 

Thy true F d , 

W. P. 



WM. CLARK TO GOV. WILLIAM PENN. 

[1684.] 
For as much as have bene Greatly Reflected upon, and falcely 
Accused in the faithful! discharging my duty, in obedience to 
A Comicon to ray selfe and others directed, in a short speache, 
made to the peopl, At a Court, held at dover River, in the 
County of Kent, the 18"' day of the Second Moneth, Anno Dm. 
1684. In which Speach I have bene Charged with telling of 
several Lyes and untruths, Reflecting upon the L' 1 Baltimore 
and his Governm'. In defense whereof, I have this to say, for 
myselfe, that, when I was first appointed & authoi-ized to that 
Great Sarvices, I was not without a due sence of the Great 
Trust that was Imposed in me, which Caused Me to be very 
Srarous, Waighty, anil Considerate, how I should p'form that 
Great Sarvices to the best and most Advantiag of my Master's 
Interest, ffor which, I did As Certainly Sceek the Lord for his 
Assistance, as ever I did for the Injoyment of his presence; 
and, although I have no Cause to boast, yet I have good Cause 
to be thankfull that God did so far Assist me in the Accom- 
plishment of that day's work, in which I had and have peace, 
and am well comforted ; and because the Govern' hath heard 
of the Reproaches that hath bene Cast upon me, as before. It 
hath Layen upon me to Recollect my memery, and, soe near as 
I can, to se>tt downe the words, exactly as I speake them to the 
peopl, to the end that he may be Judge thereof. 



8 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Wee, the Comiconers, Haveing taken our places, I Acquaint- 
ed the peopl that, for as much that several Complaints had been 
made unto the Govern r and the Council of the disafection, sedi- 
tion, and unfaithnes of sume of the Inhabitants of that County, 
Tending to Revolt from their fidelity and obedience to the 
Govern' and Government. The Govern r was pleased, by and 
with the Advice and Consent of the provincial Council, to Co- 
miconate us to Com to this County to Inspect unto the State 
of Affairs here. Upon which, I delivered our Comicon to the 
Clark to read. Which, being read, after a short time sitting 
in sillance, I spoake as followeth : 

ffriends and people : 

It is our happynes that it pleased God to put into the hart of 
the King and his dearest Brother, James, Duke of York, To 
Invest the Proprietary & Govern^ of this Countrey in our Pro- 
prietary and Govern'— A Person well known for piety, Justice, 
Wisdom, and Vertue ; that very few, if any, doth excede him, 
if Partize him, in the Country from whence he Cam. It is well 
known to most of you here how that it was his great Care, sone 
after his first Arrival! in this Countrey, that he Immidately 
sent his writs, directed to the Shriefes of the Respective coun- 
tys, Requiring them to warne in the freemen of every County, 
to meet and Chose out of themselves 9 men, to Com and Advise 
with him, to make and Inact Laws for the Honour of God, the 
Presarvation of the King's Peace, and the Proprity and Avell 
Governing of all men within his Government. And, through 
his (Treat Wisdom and maingament, A great prograss, was, 
in a short time, made in these things, at the first Assimbly. 
There is another privilidge that wee doe In Joy, that does ex- 
ceed all our neighouring Countreys. And, that is, our Gov- 
ern 1 ' doe deney himselfe the Chosing of his own Council, and 
gives you the power of Chosing his Council for him, without 
whom he Cannot Act — A thing that would be vallowed at an 
tin estiemable Rate in any Government but here. There hath 
bene many Laws for the well Governing of the peopl ; but, not 
withstanding, if the minister of Justice doe not put these good 
and holsom Laws in execution, it is no mor then if there ware 
no Laws at all ; And soe truth and Justice becom disregarded. 
I can truly say, that I doe not speak in this manner to A braid 
the person of any man; But, on the Contrary, Could be glad 
that all of you might be Clear from all those Crimes that sume 
of you are suspected to be guilty of. But this, I have to say, 
that it was A Low, Treacherous, and Cowardly, spirit in you, 
that are Magestrates, to suffer and permitt, if not Countin- 
ance the Lord Baltimor's Kmmisarie, James Murffey, to goe 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 9 

up and downe the County, to seduce the peopl from their 
obedience & fidelity to the Govern r , whoe is the King's Lieu- 
tenent ; and soe, Consequently, Reballion Against the King's 

Authority. I Cannot motive should Induce any of 

you from obedience to our present Proprietary and (iovern', 
whoe hath not bene Chargeable to any of you ; but have Live 
at hisowne Charge, without any Assistance from the Publique, 
which I doe not know of any other Govern' that liave done the 
Like, which Cannot but be Charged upon you as ungratefull- 
ness. Certainly, the pretence of the Lord Baltimore's better 
Termes is a great mistake Amonest you ; for, take it for Grant 
that the rent, under our present Govern' be four sbillings for 
every hundred Acres of Land, yearly. And, under the Govern- 
ment of the L l Baltimore but Two Shillings for a hundred 
Acres of Land, yearly Rent; yet, 1 doubt not but that I shall 
demonstrate to you that the Charg in this Government is much 
Less than the charge in that. As, for example, subpos that a 
man in this Government should hold three hundred Acres of 
Land, which pays Twelve Shillings ; And, in that Government, 
three hundred Acres of Land pays but six shillings. But, if upon 
this three hundred Acres of Land there is Twenty Hogsheads 
of Tobacco made, (which is very proubable, ) that pays fortye 
Shillings, which, being Aded to the rent, makes six and forty 
shillings, instead of Twelve, which is a vast greater Charge. 
And, I dare undertake, in the behalfe of our Govern r , And that 
not without Instructions soe to doe, that, if the peopl will Con- 
sent to pay our Govern' Two Shill >> hogshead, that he will take 
his rent at The same Rate as the Lord Baltimore doe ; provided, 
that they that doe not make Tobacco, doe pay proporconably 
for the other Effects they doe and produce, by which he would 
be a great gainer. But. this Cry Against the rent ought not, in 
the Least, to be thought Burdinsom ; for it is not at all Raise, 
but is the same that all of you know you must pay when you 
took up your Land, under the Duke. And I Cannot Tell how 
to beleave that the Lord Baltimore should have any hand in 
Sending Cap 1 Murffey to Seduce the people from their fidelity 
to our Govern r , but am Rather willing to think that it was a 
forward thing in himselfe ; for the Last year I had the Hoimor 
to be one of the Comiconers that our Govern r sent to demand 
satisfaccon of the Lord Baltimore for the lngrey done him by 
his Setting out a proclamation, Inviting peopl to take up Land 
under him, at the whore Kills ; which, when wee Cam to Charg 
him w ,h , he did soe Lettle Concerne himselfe about it, That he 
did not Remember anything of it, but did deny it, and Called 
Two of his Council to Clear him ; that he never did any such 
thing. Soe fer was he from insisting upon it, that he stood to 



10 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Justifie himselfe ; that he never had disturbed or disquieted 
any of us; and that, as he never had, soe he did Resolve that 
he never would, untill the King and Council should determin 
the matter Betwene our CTOvern r and him. And, he being a 
person of that worth and Honnor, as he is, I Cannot think that 
he will doe otherwise. But, how ever, it is our duty to be 
true and faithful] to our present proprietary & Govern r . And, 
when the King and Council Shall soe Cause to Invest it in the 
Lord Baltimore, I shall, as being a Subject under him, Look 
upon my selfe obliged to be true & faithfull to him; which I 
am Apt to beleave they never will. 
Ends. 

W m CLARKE. 



WILLIAM MARKHAM TO THE MAGISTRATES. 

Philad., if 4"' of if 6 th mo: 1687. 
friends J. C. , R. 8. , W. S. , J. G. , B. W. , D. P., J. C. , 1. S. , 
all and every one of y e : I thought myself obliged to send you 
y e Inclosed, w ch is a Copy of a Proclamation ffroin y e Govern 1 ", 
and Request not only y e Reading it in yo r open Court, and to con- 
sult amongst yo r selves some course for y e accomplishment what 
therein is Required, but also that Each of you, when separated, 
may use that Authority, The Proprietary and Grover r hath in- 
vested you with, to ffurther and carry on his AVill and pleasure, 
therein expressed, so far forth as you are concerned. In this I 
am y e more Ernest and Pressing, because I have observed a 
great backwardness in y e People in yielding obedience to his 
just and Lawful Commands. So, not Doubting any one of 
yo r Ready compliances herein, 
I remaine, 

Yo r ffaithful ffriend, 

W" MARKHAM. 



A PROCLAMATION. 

By the Prop'" Deputy'},: 

Since y e Proprietary had no other thing in his Eye in y p Set- 
tlement of this Province next to y e advancement of virtue y n y e 
Comfortable situation of y e Inhabitants therein, & for y" End, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 11 

with y e advice & consent of y e most Eminent of y e first pur- 
chasers, ordained y l every Township, consisting of Five Thou- 
sand acres, should have Families at y least, to y e end 

yt ye Province might not live like a Wilderness as some others 
yett doe, by vast vacant Tracts of Land, but be Regularly Im- 
proved, for y e benefitt of Socyety, in helpe, Trade, Education, 
Governm'; Also, Roads, Travell, Entertainment, &c. , and find- 
ing that this single Constitution is y' w ch Eminently prefers y e 
Province in y e esteem & Choyce of persons of great Judgment. 
Ability, and Quality, to Embargoe with us & second our begin- 
nings, We do hereby publish & give notice that y e Commisse rs 
will Inspect w l tracts of Land, taken up, Lye vacant and un- 
seated, &, if any of y e said Tracts, Lying vacant and unseated, 
shall not be seated according to y c Regulation aforesaid, within 
three months after y° Date hereoff provided, y e usual Time al- 
lowed for seating y e same be already Expired, The said Tract will 
be Disposed off to those that are able and Ready to seat y e same. 
Dated at Philad 1 , y" county, Sixth Day, of y e fifth month, in 
y e Third year of y e Reigne of King James y c Second, & seventh 
of y e Proprietary Government, Anoq, Doni. 1687. 

W'MARKHAM, 
JO" GOODSON. 

Two of these were Sett up in Philadelphia y e 37 of y e 5 th , 
1687. One was sent in Letter to y e Sheriff of Chester County, 
an other to James Harrison, of y same date, both Letters 
bearing Date y e 28 th 6 month, 10S7. 



WILLIAM PENN TO GOV. NANPAN. 

18'" 2 mo'\ 1700. 
Hon* FFR d : Eldridge. (who being taken in this Province, 
tho' committed to Burlington Goal by Col. Q. , I call our Priso- 
ner,) together with Bradenham & Evans and the money I 
hope, by this time, are all arrived and safely deliv 11 at N. York. 
I should take it as a particular favour, y e King's service being 
concerned in it, to know whether the Newport ffraigat carries 
them directly to Engl', as has been whispered here, or if Ad- 
mira 1 Bembo be still expected at Boston. I rec 11 yesterday, & 
for y" reason y e Prisoners to be sent thither by a vessel directly 
from Engl d . a Packett for y e Commander of y e Newport, w'' I 
send by the same hand w ,h this. She brings no Considerable 



12 PAPERS RELATING TO 

News. All things seem quiet abroad & at home; the Parlia- 
ment easier than was at first expected. The King designs, in- 
stead of going to H oil. , to sitt at the head of y e Parliam", in 
Scotland, this next month, there being great p'paration already 
made for his Reception at Edinbrough 
I am, with Best wishes, 

Thy assured fr d , 

W m PENN. 



WILLIAM PENN TO HIS SON. 

Philadelphia, 2 d 11 m. , 1700. 
Remember these points: 

1. Y l it was y e Gover mt w ch engaged me & those y' adventur d 
w ,h me, for as to Land, it is the Natives, & I could have bought 
yt f ym on m y own account, but y* would not have engaged us 
to have gone about 3,000 miles of to convirt a meer Desert into 
an improved & faithful country In Eng. all is ready to our 
hands, but here was nothing but meer Creation ; & y l there is 
avast difference between improveing it from y* condition &a 
place improved to one's hand. The Gover mt was our greatest 
inducement. & upon y l publick faith we have buried our blood 
& bones, as well as estates, to make it wh' it is ; for, being Dis- 
senters, we therefore came y l we might enjoye y l so farr of w cb 
would not be allowed us any share of at home, & w ch we so much 
needed to our security and happiness broad. 

2. Whereas, they tell us they will not meddle with our Pro 
perty, only y e Grover mt . I say y' is y e Property the Crown 
granted In all Mannours. Courts, Leets, or Barrows, in Eng. ; 
especially in Courts Paramounts, y e powers are as much y e 
Lord's Property as y e Land Rents or Royaitys thereof ; but more 
especially in Palatines, or Seignorys, like unto y e title of Pro- 
prietary gover m, % this was our encouragement, & y e only re- 
ward we have from y e Crown for adding another Colony to it, & 
considerable a one too. The Land was but as the shell or ring 
of (jrover mt y e Kernell or Stone ; y c ring may be worth 20Ibs, & y e 
stone 100 lbs. There can be no proportion ; yet 'tis called a ring, 
as tother is Property ; but still this, without powers, is asy 1 w" 1 
out y e Diamond — a name, and no more. 

3. But next there can be wisdom as well as no Justice in such a 
proceeding, since y e condition of Colonys, young ones, especially, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 13 

calls for Encourgement ; and where Improvements are checkt, 
y e Crown looses. The more improvements, y e more trade, and 
so y e more Revenue to y e Crown, directly or by circulation, as 
Barbadous, & c , & so for Eng. Now, is it reasonable to think y e 
temporary & mercinary Grover"" will feel y e same obligations so 
to improvement as one whose Estate it is, and y' for this age does 
little y l can turn to account, & so was in hope mostly? Cer- 
tainly y e comparison gives it on our side. They come to squeeze ; 
but proprietarys to Improve. 

4. Nor is y e King so well secur'd, for where there is most to 
Lose there must be y e best security to y° crown for a ^ust con- 
duct, since Proprietarys have not onely Hereditary GrOver mt , 
but countrys, to make y e King satisfaction, & ye Gover"" 3 in 
those places equal care & pains w lh K' s Gover mt , without salerys 
fromy' King, and at their one charges, being bound to observe 

y e same laws of Trade & Navigation as his more Immediate Gov- 
erns 

5. Besides, y c Law of y e 7 th & 8 th of this King gives Him y e 
approbation of y e Deputy Governours of Proprietarys, w ch is 
all but nameing y"', & if proprietarys are answerable for them I 
think the King safe, & y e Proprietarys are therein under hard- 
ships enough. It seemed to me an expedient to preserve y e Pro- 
prietary Gover"", & secure j e King's business together, w cl1 is y e 
most y' could, in any pretence, be named at w lm y' Law was 
made. Why more? 

6. If they say, But you will not fight? I answer, King Charles, 
King James, & King William knew y* we are a Quaker colony, 
it was so intended ; how be it rather than Loose our Gover'"' for 
y* let the Gover"" of New York be colonell of y e forces here ; but 
let not us be persecuted in our country when our consciences 
are tender, y' came so far & have endured and spent so much 
y' we might enjoye y 1 " with more ease than at home. In short, 
if it should press, get time, that we may be sent to & our re- 
solutions known, or 1 may have liberty to go home & answer 
for myself. 

?. Who will pay me for settling, maintaining y e Gover'" 1 for 
20 years? I have not got 500 lb of y e people yet, &, at this rate, 
must not expect it has cost me so much. 

8. Y e very name of a King's Governour will immediately 

sinck y e intrincick value of Property, as they call it 

be more than cent p. ct. Pray how shall this be repared? I was 
tould by an understanding person, and no friend to the senti- 
ments of y e New England people, y' y e King had spent 40,0001b 
to make y' colony 100,000 lbs worse than it was. So false are 
those notions y' it is y e King's interest to suppress or change 
Proprietary Gover"" 8 . Had y e King's Gover"" 3 improved in pro- 



14 PAPERS RELATING TO 

portion to us, they had been as well improved as lrland by this 
time, or little short of it. Ours is but 20 years old, & y e King's 
100. I may add New England & Rood Island, y u last still a pro- 
priety, and as finely improved as any part of Sussex or Ham- 
shire downs, sprinkled w th houses & cloathed w th sheep. But 
no more of this, only if should be sayd they took great friends 
to Pyrats. I offer to joyn Issue w" 1 y m , & give 5 to 3. & be in 
no danger of y e success of y' inquiry so unjust is y l Imputation. 
Compare this w l I have write C. Lawson, & y° best of both 
will make a memorial for y e Par 1 , or Lords of Trade, or y e King 
himself. The heads I wish in the hands of L> Sunderland, L' 1 
Grodalphin, L d Rochester, L d Monmoth, Marques of Normandy, 
L d Carbery, Lord Cholmly, 1). of Devonshire, L 1 Macklesfield, 
S r Ch. Mussg, S r E d Seimor, Sq r Harley, Co 11 Orinnill, &c. , not 
forgetting y c more y e Earl of Shastbury, & Bash, & one Amy, 
of y e City, a sencible man( & often at y e Carolina coffee house) 
to interest themselves warmly in this affaire, being Lords of 
Carolina; also, L d Berley, whose wive's sister, & widdow to his 
Brother, is married to y e Earle of Portland. If they had each 
of y m a memorial at large, it would do well. 
(Indorsed:) 

A copy of my leter to my son, 2. 11m, 1700, by way of New 
York : to write againe. 



rOV. WM. PENN TO (iOV. NANFAN. 

12'" 12"'° 1700. 
H(« b fir' : By this post I recv'd to day a Lett r from y e E of 
Hellom', informing me that upon p'usal of his Ord r ", he found 
y 1 ' frigat at N. York was intended to stay till she was relieved 
by another from Engl' 1 & therefore, judges it convenient to have 
y° Pirates in these Provinces transmitt d to Boston by her to 
wait y e arrival of Admiral Bembo to be transported by him. 
Grov r Hamilton also advises me y' he has requested y e L d Bellom 1 
to have a guard sent from N. York to receive them at Burling- 
ton because of these Provinces being unprovided with Soldiers 
w ch you have there at hand and himself being scarce settled in 
y e Govermn 1 , it would be extreamly difficult for him to secure 
their passage and warrant their Conduct if y r fore any such di- 
rections from Boston arrive before y e time those here with all 
their effects shall be sent up to Burlington on > e 10"' of y e next 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 15 

mo", where they shall wait for y e Guard before mentioned, if it 
comes ; if not, we design they shall move leisurely forW 1 to 
Ironis, from whence I hope a Sloop will be ready to conduct 
them safely to New York. A hint on this p'sent post and thy 
assistance as far as may be to make their passage easy & secure, 

will very much oblidge thy 

And it would look extreamly hard upon this Govemm 1 to 
be obliged to conduct to them to Govern 18 beyond our own. 



WILLIAM PENN TO MAGISTRATES OF SUSSEX. 



W. Clark, S. Watson, Neh. Field, & Jon. Baily. 

W m Orr & P. Lewis, yo r Townsmen, are at last enlarged, upon 
their giving bond, w ch I here inclose to you. The Condition of 
it I desire you to see punctually p'formed or otherwise putt y e 
obligation in suit ; that is, cause y m to return into yo r hands 
what remains unsold of the Goods mentioned in the Inventory 
Inclosed ; and what is disposed of they must pay money for to 
y e value they were sold at, or, if that cannot be made appear, 
then to be valued as near as is possible by y e oy rs that are left, 
either by yo r selves or other prudent persons of y e place. W n 
they have done this, let them be restored to y e enjoyment of 
what they had before, seeing they have already given bond to 
make their appearance, whenever call d upon, w ,h in a year. 
{Indorsed). 

Gov r to y e Magistrates of Sussex, about y e Pirates returning 
from Philad a . 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO WILLIAM PENN. 

Newcastle, 22<* 9 mo , 1704. 
Hon 11 Gov'; By thy son, in the Jersey, and John Guy, in the 
Brigantine, whosail'd from York, about 14 dayesagoe, I wrote 
several Lett", of which, 3 inclosed to Jn° Askew, were designed 
more private than the rest, informing, as fully as I then could, 
of the state ot our affairs ; all which I hope will arrive save be- 
fore this can come to hand. I cannot, without the deepest 



K3 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Regrett, consider how little satisfactory some of them, & es- 
pecially their Bearer, on some ace' may prove, but as I have had 
& still have my share of trouble al the thoughts of it & can 
truly sympathize with those more nearly concerned. Yet, as I 
have endeavoured to acquitt myself with a good conscience, to 
the utmost of my Power ; were even the whole unhappiness to 
lie at my own door, this still would yield me the greater ease, 
and to that, I doubt, must thy chief recourse be, for comfort. I 
have undergone, I am sure, the deepest pangs of trouble, in my 
own soul, for several months past, but hope it will please the 
Lord to give a greater Dawn of consolation to those whose 
whole dependance is upon him. 

The Return of thy son, and the Rep sentations he brings, 
with the unhappy effects these have had upon him, accom- 
panied at the same time with that unparalleled piece of base- 
ness from D. K. , will soon putt thee(I doubt not)upon measures 
for thy ease from such an accablem' of troubles. The Gov 1 has 
positively demanded a copy of that Remonstrance from the as- 
sembly, but that villain, under pretence of answering the Gov rs 
Demands, in a proper Method, by the Basest Artiful, endea- 
voured to persuade the House that they ought first to make it 
by a Recognition or amendm ts ,as they should think fitt — the act 
of that house, and then they might properly send a copy ; but 
this being too gross to pass (notwithstanding the great Influ- 
ence h6 has over the Majority, composed of Knaves & fools, for 
of y" latter, they got as many chose as they could, that they 
might the easier be led by y p Rattle of Rights & Privileges.) 
He, as I am credibly informed by some others of y 1 ' members, 
owned it as his own proper Act, &, therefore, as such pleased 
that it was not subject to the house, or any other Power. He 
pretended, indeed, to send for it again from York when it was 
to late; but, upon the whole, he denies a Copy, either to the 
Govern' or the meeting of Philad'", w' 1 ' has also sued for it. 

We are now in such circumstances, that I can not, by the 
best lights I am master of, foresee any probability of being 
regularly brought into ord r again till under the Crown. And 
it seems all owing to those unhappy Charter, which being de- 
signed as favours, are made use of by ill men as tools for mis- 
chief. There is a general Infatuation gott amongst us, as if we 
were preparing for Destruction. Every thing, however inno- 
cently & well designed, seems to close in an unhappy event, 
& the most unexpected incidents daily arise to perplex us. We 
are^too much in the same circumstances here as in Engl' 1 , in re- 
gard to publick affairs, and phaps 'tis as much the fate of the 
Nation as our particular sins, but I am too subject, phaps, to run 
upon such melancholy reflections. The Govern' and assembly 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 17 

have clashed so far, notwithstanding all endeavours have been 
used on our side to keep matters easy, that there seems nothing 
or but very little to be expected from them. They will not allow 
him the Power of Dissolving, Proroguing, dismissing for a 
time, or adjourning them, but claim the Privilege of sitting at 
all times, as they shall see occasion, like the Pari' in 1641, w oh 
they nearly imitate. They are all for settling Constitutions & 
Privileges, without any Regard to the publick p'sent savety,or 
making any Provisions for the Grovernm 1 . That ridiculous old 
man, W. Biles, frequently affirms they will never grant one 
penny on any ace 1 till they have all their Privileges explained 
and confirmed, that is, till they have 5 times more granted 
than ever they claimed before. Witness the City Charter Bill, 
and then 'tis alledged the Grov r knows the terms how he may 
have money, & if y e Publick suffer for want of it, it will lie at 
his door. 

We are now come hither to hold a distinct assembly for the 
Terr s , designed only to keep them in some ord r , and to shew 
they are regarded, but each county, being represented only by 
four members, little will be done this time. Some endeavour 
to keep in upon the foot of the charter, not through any great 
liking to it, but that the whole might continue more like one 
Governm'. But Judge Guest, with the designing men of this 
place, seem to endeavour an utter separation, and that this 
alone may be made the mart for all y c people below. The con- 
sequence of this thou wilt easily see, and how inconvenient a 
distinct assembly will be when taken notice of, & how injurious 
to thy Interest; but what is done now could not be avoided, 
unless we would wholly lose the obedience of these counties. 
It depends, therefore, the more upon thee, (on whom the 
burthen always too heavily lights, ) to hasten a suitable Provi- 
sion. I wish publick affairs at home may be in a condition to 
afford thee an opportunity. The Prov. & Terr s can scarce 
ever agree together, but assunder they will never doe anything ; 
and, therefore, should be joyned on equal Privileges, and all 
charters destroyed, for our fr' ls are unfit for Governm' by them- 
selves, and not much better with others. We are generally 
in these parts, too full of our selves and empty of sence to 
manage affairs of Importance, and therefore require the 
greatest authority to bend us. If thou surrender the Gov mt , & 
keep the Propriety, as I doubt thou must the latter, of neces- 
sity, the naming of the Council, as well as the Gov r , will be 
worthy thy consideration. • And then, of most 1 knew, I doubt 
there is scarce any man of scene more unfit, or less a fr d to thy 
Property than that weather cock Guest. A desire to be some- 
2 -Vol. VII. 



18 PAPERS RELATING TO 

body, and an unj list method of craving & getting seems to be the 
Rule of his Life. He has often been of great service, which should 
of itself be acknowledged, but 'tis owing to little good in his 
temper. It was generally his failings that were laid hold on to 
lead him to it, &, upon the whole, I must give it as my opinion 
that he is scarce to be trusted. He is remarkable in one unhappy 
talent, of abusing every past Grovermn 1 , & seems fixed to no 
man. Poor old Cap 1 Hinney, too. is grown somewhat dotish. 
& very weak. Jasp : Yeat s has as much hon r , tho' he has been 
an enemy as any I know. But thy son will be very capable of 
giving thee the later acco' of men. Besides Cap* Roche, who is 
but a weak man, tho' generous, & a west Indian in his life, 
there is one R d Sleigh, come lately from Jamaica, a very sober, 
good Ch : man, and Co" Cressy, from Virg ia , and Antiqua, 
men of note & substance, & more are expected. But the first 
talks of returning, & the last meddles with no kind of business, 
nor seems altogether fitted for it. The other is a Merch' as 
Roche is. But our Corporation gives many strangers great 
offence, & will make us odious. Ja ■ Coutts is a good man, and 
thy fr d , R d Halliwell, if presented by others, need not now, I be- 
lieve, be much feared, and would prove as good perhaps, as R. 
French. W. Rodeny holds with Ja : Coutts against all men. 
Jn° Hill is honest, but weak, & sometimes silly. Jos : Growdon 
very much mended, & directly opposite to David in the house. 
As I told thee in my last, I used some freedoms in some of my 
Lett", especially the private ones, w ch , I hope, will not be taken 
amiss. They are the Result, in a great measure of my closest 
thought, and when thou art pleased to consider what I wrote 
concerning thy Propriety, and the State of thy family, thou 
wilt find it, I doubt, but too well grounded. It will be no grate- 
ful doctrine, I believe, to M r \V n . but, I must be of opinion, it 
would best answer thy circumstances, & phaps not prove to 
his Disadvantage ; for should thou goe off the stage, I know 
not what would become of it. I have had some difficulty to 
carry, even between my Duty to thee & my Regards to him. 
but hope I have not quite miscarried in either. Lett' me take 
the freedom to request thee to be very tender towards him 
in thy Resentm ,s . lest those he has already conceived, from the 
abuses putt upon him, should, by any addition, precipitate 
him into Ruine. 

He has much good nature, wants not very good sence, but 
is unhappy chiefly by Indiscretion. Tis a pity his wife came 
not with him. There is scarce any thing has a worse effect 
upon his mind than the Belief thou hast a greater Regard to 
thy second children than thy first, and an emulation between 
his own & thy younger seems too much to rivet him in it, W\ 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 19 

where it obviated by the best metnod, it might be of service, 
for he is & must be thy son, and thou either happy or unhappy 
in him. The Tie is indissoluble. What I write will. I hope, 
be taken as designed, and as the result only of an affectionate 
concern, knowing I write only to thy self. 

25 ,h . The assembly, as tis called, here have past two acts only, 
& intend no more. The first is for the confirmation of all the 
laws, & the other, for increasing the number of Repsentatives, 
from 4 to 6 for each County. The Grov r is very earnest for an 
act to establish the militia, but they are resolved not to touch 
with it till next meeting, with advanced numbers. I shall not 
have time now to send thee any Copies. They have made provi- 
sions in the latter act, to come in next time upon the Charter, 
but for no other reason than to keep more like one Govm'. 
We have had no acct s fore some months from Europe, we fear 
'tis owing to some great Embargoe upon the acct s of Portugal. 
Pray excuse me for repeating the same things in several Letters, 
they are either such as have great place in my own thought, or 
that I would crave leave to desire ; might have some in thine. 
I am, with Love and Duty, 

Thy faithful & obed 1 Serv', 

JAMES LOGAN. 

P. S. — I have found^ the Catalogue of thy books, thrown in 
amongst the Jersey Deeds, & have examined them. There is 
wanting of the folio, S r W. Rawleigh's Hist & Purchase Pil- 
grims, & by the black lead marks made in the margin of y e 
Catal. when examined at their being brought some from Col. 
Markham's they seem never to have been there since thy last 
arrival; if they were, I shall recover them or othe sin their 
stead. I think there are no other folios missing but old Braith- 
wait's Engl. Gentlemen, w c " with the rest shall be made good. 
He is a great vidian that plaid that. abominable trick, yet never 
was discovered nor suspected till the day after he left me, by 
a remarkable Providence, that the Innocent might be cleared. 
His father made me promise to be privileged in it, engaging to 
make full satisfaction, & hoping it would be the last, but I 
fear he is mistaken. I request thee to take no notice of it 
there. If thou imagine who the pson is,w ch is not difficult. We 
cannot by any Deeds left here, make out the Title to thy Pro- 
perties in the Jersey & S. Jenny Says, the Council of prop* 
will admit of none, to take up Lands without producing their 
Deeds, or authentick copies of them. The Deeds here relate 
only to Salem, & they want explanation, for there seems some, 
thing yet wanting to clear that matter fully. 



20 PAPERS RELATING TO 

This will require a speedy answer, \v c1 ' I intreat thee be 
pleased to send us at once. 

JAMES LOGAN. 

I hope this following Spring to clear off W m Aubry's Interest, 
but as I have largely wrote before; we must have a new Power, 
& should have one likewise, for the 15500 ares in Newc. County. 
The Pat' for it, from the to her, is dated 23" 8 mo , 1701. The 
quit rent 8 to thee one Beaver skin, but I wish thou couldst 
have that in thy own hands, yet now there is an absolute 
Patent for it upon xecord. 



JAMES LOGAN TO WILLIAM PENN. 

PHILLA i;l , 17'" 3 OT0 , 1705. 
Honoured Govern' : Thy four Lett rs by Ew''Lane and Sam- 
Hollister, came safe to hand, as I have already acknowleged, 5 th 
2 mo last, by way of Barbad, in a long Lett r , of w oh shall not send 
Copies, only except such parts as may be of most importance. 
Since that I have rec'vd thy other, by Burman, dated in the 11 th 
& 12"' mo" ls , with those to fr ds and Jn. Mompesson. The ex- 
pressions of thy trouble is what, with too much reason, I ex- 
pected, but I hope the author of all strength will give thee suffi- 
cient to bear it. Both the Gov r & myself are much at a stand 
what to think of y e surrender, but are inclinable to believe 'tis 
resolved. However, the Assembly being to meet the very day 
the Lett rs arrived, the Gov' made them a speech, as proper for 
y c occasion as could be thought of, with these two designs in 
view : First, that if y e Govm' were sun-endered, the persons 
that were the causes of it might be more plainly pointed out, 
and the just blame thrown upon them that they deserved ;&, 
2"\ that if not, that they might either effectually be pressed to 
doe business or be exposed to the Countrey, w ch is already much 
incensed ag st them. A copy of this, with their answer and 
another sharp message to them, is sent inclosed. Fr ds are so 
extreamly dissatisfyed with their Proceedings that we have 
very good assurances, in case they have another oppoi"t unity 
of an election on the same foot, there will be a choice according 
to thy own heart in Chester County, & mostly in this, but 
Bucks is a weak and unsanctified place, through W. Biles' 
means chiefly, and y* town will always, I doubt, yield us two 
Enemies, but the honest of other places fear not overpowering 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 21 

them. There is also a design to send thee an address, from \" 
principal fr ,ls of the place, lamenting these unhappy proceedings 
and purging themselves from them, with a condemnation of 
that base Lett' from D. K. , w cl: whether y° surrender be made or 
not, will, I know, be of very good service, especially in case any 
Copies of the Lett' should be published ; but if an acct. should 
arrive, before 'tis done, that thou hast parted with all, it will 
afterw' ,s be impracticable. Those troublesome members have 
been so fully exposed that great part of the Countrey will now 
be as careful to those men that will give money and support 
(toviii 1 as at other times they would avoid it. I wish their wiser 
repentance may not come too late. I am sorry y u Law of Pro- 
perty is reported blank, for on that only our Resurveys were 
grounded, & w th out the allowance of 10 in. >' »' it will be im- 
possible, I fear, to recover any overplus w"'out suits of Law, 
nor doe I know how we can that way it self goe well about it. 
The People will, at length, I believe, (if their p'sent dispo- 
sition hold,) be willing to settle a Revenue, as desired, but, 
at the same time, they must, by as firm a Law, be settled in 
all things that are their due, both in Privileges and Property. 
This, I mean, after another Election, for from the p'sent noth- 
ing is to be expected. They talk, indeed of taking it into con- 
sideration immediately, but, we have reason to believe, that 
as they are now composed they will doe more hurt than good, 
and that the best service, at present, is to expose them to the 
Countrey. There are, however, six or seven as good members 
;is could be wished for, but y e rest, being made up of J. L. & 
fools, the latter, as is usual, are made tools to y e former. Thy 
unfortunate Losses by Sea yield so melancholy a prospect that 
ir utterly disheartens me ; but it is not thy Lott alone. W. 
Trent & H. N. , y° chief traders in the place, have lost this last 
year, I fear ^ rt of their estates, for scarce anything returns that 
has been sent out. But, upon advice that at Barbad the Coun- 
trey has fitted out 2 or 3 good vessels to defend their Coasts, 
(seeing y e men of war seem resolved to take no care of them,) 
I shipt, on board Cap' Robinson, 2 Tun of flower more on thy 
ace' before the receipt of thy last Lett r , but shall hold my hand 
that way till further Ord rs , unless it be in such quantities as I 
find a necessity to receive in flower. We have not yet found 
any effects from the Queen's Ord r for allowing Trade with the 
Span ,ls , they refusing mostly to trade with us. Trade to Made- 
ria is likewise this summer very discouraging, wheat being fain 
there ^ in the price, & wine advanced as much on the other 
hand. 

I am very much troubled that thou was not pleased before, 
to left me understand thy Design with a Rent roll and the 



22 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Bonds ; the first I shall dispatch as soon as possible in the best 
manner I can to answer the end, but tis a very tedious work, 
being so very difficult to gett the people to meet me,but I can- 
not promise to finish it before next winter, and then if it please 
trod, I live, and we have peace, thou may, I hope depend upon 
it. I have been very busy last winter in Settling Books, & 
acco'% <& y e Spring I have mostly spent in carrying on the Roll 
& so shall coniinue ; but it had been much more forward, if last 
summer had not found me so many diversions, not from what 
thou mentions, my Ami's, for y e trouble I mett with that way 
was so sudden, & y° person 1 mentioned in mine of 8 ber , so irre- 
trievably gone, all at once, that prudence would advise me to 
business, at that time more than ever, and I assure thee noth- 
ing of the kind could pass more easily over, for the treatmen 1 
carried its own cure with it. The diversions I mean were the 
most perplexing thoughts as well as business from thy con- 
cerns here at that time, some small business of my own I had, 
'tis true, but y l soon came to an end by y e fortune of Trade and 
War, of which thy self hast been so deep a partaker. 

I here send thee a List of the Bonds in my possession w" 1 an 
ace 1 of what is due upon them without reckoning Interest, but 
few of them will be fit to be assigned there, because the Paym ,s 
cannot well be refused when tendered. But now I know thy 
Intention, I shall make it my business this summer with other 
things to take obligations for as much as I can, especially for 
such Debts as may be likely to continue out longer, in which 
I have been more remiss, hitherto having the Lands always for 
security, which is much better than personal, and there is no 
disputing the Interest, for as we draw our warr' s now upon 
new sales, their not complying with the terms forfeits their Ten- 
ure, a method that it had been happy if it always had been 
practised. But sales of Lands are now mostly over, the greatest 
part that we bargained for, being within the first year after 
thy Departure, since which money being so scarce, & wheat 
low, there is no encouragem' to buy and but very few look after 
their overplus, an account of which all the art I can use cannot 
yet bring to any perfection, notwithstanding 'tis now near 18 
mo' 1 " since the Resurveys were over. But the Surveyors plead 
so many difficulties that I cannot have the Returns finished, 
but this year if we live will end it all. 

I doe assure thee I had never the least notion of thy Mort- 
gaging y e Quitt rents or assigning Bonds here, till the Receipt 
of thy last, a few dayes agoe, otherwise should have endea- 
voured to be in a better readiness and had the less to suspect 
by thy son's discourse to me, on whom I understood they were 
settled, but that being none of my business, I shall obey ord r \ 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 23 

as for y e Bonds, I know not what to think of the method, for 
whatever Bonds thou assigns, I must afterw ds forbear to re- 
ceive any pay on them, notwithstanding many are such as one 
would be well enough pleased to receive at any rate. But one 
of the best funds now of Land is the new Welch Settlem ts , in 
Newc. Count} , could y e business between Maryland and us be 
settled, there is 3000 lbs due them, of w ch we shall not gett 500, I 
fear, except from one family, till that business of the Line be 
adjusted, the people demanding positive Warranties, before 
they pay the money, and the Claims made by those of Mary- 
land, are so many that it puzzles us extreamly. If that whole 
business be not issued in thy life time, I doubt thy heirs will 
reap no great benefitt from a large part of these Counties,they 
grow more bold now than ever, & extend their claim upon old 
surveys up to, & some beyond our old Settlem ,s , I must alwayes 
press this in every Lett 1 , as of the greatest necessity. I admire, 
I hear nothing by this last opportunity of new Powers for Lse- 
titia s Lotts & Land. I have urged it much, & sent over all 
that is necessary, but reed nothing besides two angry Lett" 
from herself & husband, he threatning to send over some per- 
son to look after it, at thy Charge, &c. I would by no means 
disoblige Lfet ia , having a hearty respect for her and all her 
Concerns, but 'tis impossible to doe more than the Circum- 
stances of the thing will allow of ; there is 400 lbs out in good 
hands on Interest, w' 1 I cannot '-eceive, & 400 more in thy busi- 
ness, w dl shall be the first thing I raise except y° Interest, since 
the arrival of the Powers, now lomo lhs agoe. I have bargained 
for 72o lbs more, but none care to take titles or pay money upon 
these we have, nor had we all the money in hand, can I find 
out any way to remitt it. One half of the Maryl' 1 Bills are pro- 
tested, which has made the generality of them of no manner 
of value. I have p' 1 R fl Hill for him 225 lbs in money, this winter 
& spring, & hope this summer to clear off all the Interest, so 
that he shall have no reason to complain on that head, nor is 
there quite so much as he believes would be pleased to consider, 
that I never had any orders about it, till y e 12 th mo 11 ', 170^ & y e 
Lett™ that disturbed him so much, were wrote in y e 8 th mo" 1 fol- 
lowing, a space too short, especially at that time, if he knew 
our circumstances, to doe what was expected. I have no reason 
to be fond of the business, and were it not upon thy acc e & L's, 
would never upon any terms meddle with it. I have hitherto 
sold everthing, not only to the utmost value, but outdone the 
expectation of all men in prices, except in 2 small Lotts, where 
I was a little overseen. What I have of theirs in hand in the 
business shall be honestly paid, with y p Interest & y e bargains 
made, & what else is due, shall be very readily given up into 



24 PAPERS RELATING TO 

any oilier better hands, that they shall please to appoint, for 
'tis now impossible to avoid censure, or to make remittances 
as desired. 

We cannot coin Bills. If the Marylanders have not credit in 
Engl a 'tis in vain to expect good Bills from them, & this our 
Merch' 3 have found this last year by dear experience. I wish 
thou couldst prevail w" 1 Will'" to take his money here, tho 
with a better exchange than usual, it would be much more for 
thy Interest, because it would take off that heavy Clog of Use, 
and he might direct the. Returns to be made as he thought fitt, 
by his own agents ; for by Bills of Exch., till trade mend, 'tis 
almost, if not altogether impossible. I request, if there be any 
hopes of prevailing, that this maybe heartily laboured ; for 
this is the only way thou can be cleared, without tedious delays 
and great uneasiness unless thou wilt give ord rs to send some 
vessels into Virg ia and Mary] 11 w lh goods to purchase Bills, there, 
w" 1 ', when obtained, p'haps may be good for very litle. I again 
earnestly beseech thee not to left a thing of this importance, 
& such as y e business of y e lower Counties, &'-', lye unanswered 
and unregarded, when thy own Interest is so deeply concerned 
in them. 

From the bad success thou hast had in Returns, I am very sen- 
sible my Reputation among some sorts of people will be in much 
danger ; for I well know that the active part of the world is too 
much composed of such, as having no other scope of Life but 
self interest to themselves, make success in others the measure 
of their understanding. I shall be very willing, therefore, if 
thou intends not shortly to come over thyself, to make it my 
sole business for the future to settle all thy affairs in the Prov. 
and bring them to a head ; to make perfect Draughts & Rolls 
of all the Land surveyed, w"' an ace' of all overplus and vacan- 
cies, and whatever else thou hast any claim on. and to settle 
all manner, of acc ts with every person I have had to doe with, 
and then bring all over to Engl' 1 with me, to give an ace 1 of 
my Stewardship, and there receive a discharge or otherwise, 
as there shall be occasion. This I hope to be able to doe against 
next ffall come 12 mo' hs , and in the meantime, please to give me 
thy Sentim'*; but 'tis now much my Inclination, for I would 
not willingly suffer my acc ts to lie too long unadjusted, nor my 
Reputation to be martyr 'd on both sides — here for too much 
rigour, and there for its opposite. I cannot understand that 
Paragraph in thy Lett r relating to T. S. & myself. Thou art 
pleased to say our Discord has done no more good there than 
here. I know not who carried the ace' of it, for I wrote to 
none that I know of but thyself in 7 her , 1703, and I am no more 
to be blamed than any man is for being assaulted on the high 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 25 

way. He has a great privilege above me, 'tis true, from the 
profession he makes; but 'tis too far extended, if one must be 
beat a 2' 1 time for his having a mind to doe it y e first. Before 
that we had lived 18 mo ,hs very good friends, without any 
manner of provocation, oidy that I had about 8 or 4 mo"" he- 
fore spoke something to Ed. Sk. relating to myself (for w' 1 ' 
Tho. or his business whatever is represented I never meddled,) 
but at length, in the middle of a pleasant, familiar discourse, 
he broke out into such a Thunder as if he carried y e whole mag- 
azine of anathemas in his breast, and so for 5 mo" 11 continued 
following his blow at the meetings, till at length he was ob- 
liged to desist, how much to his credit, 'tis fitter for others 
here to judge ; but he managed at such a rate that some fr ds of 
the Ministry consulted about denying him a Certificate to N. 
Engl. However, he has sett all fully to rights again by a very 
good way of preaching he has fal' 1 into of late. I have never 
endeavoured to expose him ; I have generally defended him w" 
attacked by any of our Enemies, & thy sons resentm 15 ag st him 
I always endeavour'd to quell, & to create a better under- 
st anding between them, tho' tis most certain I had great cause to 
he very angry, for there is scarce one man, E. S. excepted, that 
fully knew y e business but will acknowledge I had very hard 
measure intended me, had not y e meeting ;w oh was intended to 
be made use of ag s( me) interposed & turned rather against 
himself. But the profession that Tho. now makes is among 
some sufficient to carry anything. I am sorry I have spent so 
much paper on it, & therefore shall close y e subject when I have 
added that I wish he had at least some more Hon 1 to season 
his Religion, it would keep much y° sweeter: but y e pr'sent 
< 'omposition best suits y e ends, p'haps, he drives at. Pray bear 
with this, for I have some reason to resent when I see what I 
have been so unactive in on my side has spread so far, & it 
seems to my disadvantage, too. The beginning was very hard, 
when for nothing but my respect to a person, whom he thought 
(for want of success elsewhere) he should have occasion some 
time after to love. I was rendered as one of the vilest wretches 
upon earth, and all under hand, without any manner of pro- 
vocation, only that I might be p' vented 'till such time as he 
should be ready. I can appeal to thy Daughter for the truth 
of this; but I keep not my word; now, however, I have done. 
That of its being insinuated that I complain for my own Inter- 
est .at thy Damage, is what neither my head nor heart can reach 
the meaning of. As for my Conduct, 'tis honest, I believe, and 
just to thee, and such an one cannot fully please here. Reb. 
Shippen, the 3 d day after her son's marriage with J. Grrowdon's 
daughter, was seized in a mom 1 with a dead Paisey, which de- 



26 PAPERS RELATING TO 

prived her of her sight & speech immediately, and so she con- 
tinued till the 6"' day after, & then expired about 3 weeks agoe. 
I found in a hag, in the Scrittore, a Lease for one year from 
R l Baynam to thee for 300 acres on Rainocus Creek, part of 1,000 
acres to be laid out there, dat. 19"- May, 168."), but no Release. 
'Tis indorsed in my hand, and was done, 1 believe, at Worm 
inghurst, where I suppose the Release might be left, for it is not 
here. In the same place I found also thy Title for one Propriety 
in West Jersey, purchased from Dan Wayle, but there is no ap- 
pearance of any other. I never searched there before for any, 
believing all thy Jersey Deeds had been left in the hair trunk 
together. I wrote Immediately to Sa. Jenn 1 about that of Bay- 
nam, as well as the other, requesting his answer forth \v'\ that 
I might send thee it, but have not rec vd it. The L' 1 Cornb. talks 
very big about the Islands, &, as it is affirmed, has offered 
them to sale, tho' I cannot, yet prove it, but he certainly 
threatens to come himself next mowing time & fight us all for 
those over ag st the town, of w ch thy son can very fully inform 
thee. 

The meeting of this town has applied to y e Commission" for 
a Confirmation of y* ground where the great house stands,first, 
purchased of W. Markham, w ch we granted immediately, in 
thy name, declaring it was thy will that the Town should have 
a Meeting house on Ground of thy Grift, (for, to that purpose, 
I have heard thee speak,) but would take no manner of Notice 
of Markham' s Sale, as having no title to it. After this, y e per- 
sons employed, complained they had forgott part of their busi- 
ness, and were to request, also, a title for y e ground Lion 1 Brit- 
tain's house stands on, being the front of that y° Schoolhouse 
is built on, purchased '3 or 4 years agoe, for the use of the 
school ; but this I would not agree to, tho' my broth 1 ", Sh. & 
Owen, were willing. T. S. is absent, but I insisted on it, that 
we knew thy mind about the other, but not in this. As we 
were to make it thy free and absolute Grant, so it was fitt we 
should know it was truly design'd so by thy self, and, tho' y° 
matter, as it was alledged, was not very great ; yet, as there 
was no part of it ours, it did not belong to us to make gratui- 
tous Grants of what no way belong 'd to us. We might sell, 
but not give, &c. They press for a title, however &, if it can- 
not be obtained otherwise, offer a Bond to pay thee what thou 
demands for it ; but I shall not willingly agree to that method, 
either, if it can be well avoided, being desirous, rather, that it 
may be all thy own act, tho' we confirm it, for all our Patents 
run intirely in thy name & Stile, & we sign only as witnesses 
— a method, I thought, that would be more honourable to thee 
than what had formally been practised. The Ground they de- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 27 

sire is about 30 foot on y e 2 d Street & 40 or 50 f back, with a good 
house upon it, bought at y e full value, & y e money paid, they not 
questioning the Title till lately; but we allowed them, at our 
board, to have none at all, & will not have y e Pat 3 to be a Confir- 
mation, but a Gift. Thou knowest, I suppose, 'tis part of y c great 
Lott that W. M. & Jno. Goodson only granted to W. M. I 
request to know thy pleasure about it. The Lott designed for 
thy youngest Son is one half of that joining on Ed. Shippen's 
dwelling house, which was accounted Jno. Beller's, in right of 
March. I found 200 foot there, instead of 100, & cannot find he 
has a right to above y* usual dimensions. We have, therefore, 
made bold to cutt it off, & left him shew his right, if he can. 
The front of it comes down to the Dock, & faces y e Bridge it 
self with a point opposite to y c very entry into the Dock, w ch 
makes it, by far, y e most convenient of any there. My former 
Request of a small bitt there and all others of the kind, relat- 
ing to my self, I doe absolutely l'etract. Thou sometimes men- 
tioned that some of the last Bills, indorsed by J. Regnier, 
were protested. By Ed. Shippen, I rec'vd one in a blank cover, 
to me, of fferck Linthicum, for 32 lb , but no more mention made 
of that or any others, particularly. This is all I heard of, & I 
have y e Indorser's note to renew it, but have not y e rec'vd it. 
I shall no more p'sume to request y e favour of a Letf from Sam 1 
Vaul, only beg to know of him, by thy self, whether he rec'vd 
on thy ace' a full moiety of the Effects of the Brigantine Hope- 
well, B. Bur nam, Mast r . W. Trent assures me, that, by ad- 
vice from his correspondent, T. Coutts, he did. If so, there is 
£ to be answered for to y° oy r Ownn, for thou hadst only f"' s in 
her, and I am hard pressed, & threatened to be sued for that 
other part, belonging to one in Barbadoes. I suppose it is not 
worth Samuel's notice, but T. Coutts, I believe, fully under- 
stands the matter, therefore, 1 earnestly begg of thee to inform 
what was done in it. If Sam 1 rec'vd h, as afores' 1 , I must here 
pay y" nett proceeds of that £; but y e Unhappiness is, that 
never having rec'vd one Syllable about that or anything else, 
I know not what it amounts to, or whether I am answerable 
for it or not, tho' 1 have been frequently threatened to be sued 
for it by y e Owners' Attorney, of Barbadoes. 

Schuylkill Mill, I wrote long agoe, by Jno. Marsh's deserting 
it, is gone to utter ruine, being accounted by all men a most 
egregious ffolly. This spring has been very ruinous to many 
dams, & among the rest to ours near y e town. The great soak- 
ing raines undermined all the works at y e Storebay of y e Mill, 
w ch cost 30" ,s in repairing, & had almost carried all before it. 
This being repaired, a mighty fresh soon after carried away 
great part of the Dam, w ch cost near 20 lbs more. The same 



28 PAPERS RELATING TO 

ffresh made Sam' Carp r a sufferer in above 150" 13 , his wliole 
great dam at Bristol being intirely carried off & ruined. This 
& thy Circumstances has putt me by all thoughts of being con- 
cerned in that at Toholohonek. The Tract there on y c great 
Spring is oidy five hundr' 1 acres. I once more make bold to 
press thee about Laetitia's Deeds, for this reason, viz ■ If we can- 
not raise and clear off y p principal so soon as desired, yet could 
we make titles we should gelt security for enough to pay y" 
whole Interest in a little time without any burthen to thee, 
thou paying only 6 $ C* while we receive 8, so that y e Interest 
of 2250 lbs here will pay for 2000 l,,s Sterl., or 3000 lba this money at 
Engl. Interest. The Qu Troch is not yet observed at York or 
here about y e money. I wish thou hadst never stirr d in it, for, 
should that be the established rate of money by Ord r from Eng- 
land, some ti*oublesome fellows might make it difficult to thee 
to recover any other for Quittrents upon y c old Deeds signed in 
EngP, where a shilling only is mentioned. Yesterday arrived 
an ace' of a new large Sloop, belonging to W. Trent. If not 
& T. Masters y e best in the River being taken. R' 1 Gove & one 
John Estes, 2 travelling fr' ls , going hence in the fall to Bar- 
bados in a new large, and very fine sloop, were taken & sett a 
shoar on Antigua, from whence, going again to Barb., they 
were taken a 2 d time. Mary Bannister, (in company w lh Mary 
Ellerton, ) from Lond. , gives her hearty Love to thee, w ch she 
seems very truly to bear to thee. She has ree'vd y e acc' of her 
Loss in her husband, & carries it tolerably well. She is this 
day sett out for Long Island Meeting, & 2 dayes hence her com- 
panion, M. Ell., goes for Barbados. A. Mor. is much more 
weak & pragmatical than malicious. He seems now intirely 
devoted to the Ministry. I designed but one sheet when I 
began this, & 'tis time now to close, being obliged to write a 
Duplicate in my own hand. Pray at y e time of thy Resentm ,s , 
be pleased to consider the many Burthens I have upon me, & 
be assured that while concerned in thy affairs I shall always 
be Thy very faithful 

& Obed' Serv', 

JAMES LOGAN. 

Post &c. 

I designed this tomorrow by way of Barbados, but I. Norris 
going just now down to Maryland informs me he hears of a 
good vessel going from thence, by w ch I rather choose to send 
it with what papers are ready transcribed. But that of y e Bond 
not being finished w' h I cannot nor my Lett r to Tho. Call & W m 
Aubrey. By a vessel however bound to tfiall this week shall 
send a Duplicate of this now ready, and the other mentioned. 
If any good opportunity offer, I shall draw up a scheme of all 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 29 

my acc ,s , since thy Departure, after some rough manner, to 
give thee a more just Idea of them & thy affairs here, But must 
refer y e exact making them up till my coming over, unless thou 
designs hither in 18 mo"" 1 time at farthest, I am laying all T. 
Call's Claims on over plus Lands of w a ' shall acquaint him, 
there is 15,000 acres taken up for the last year in the place. T. 
ff. mentioned, environed with Rocks, called the great Swamp. 
I have not yet sold one foot of Land in Laetitia 's Mann 1 ". My 
hearty sincere Love & Respects to the family. 

ut Supra, 
J. L. 



THE TRUSTEES TO JAMES LOGAN. 

London, y e W h 9™, 1711. 

James Logan, Esteemed Friend: Having, in our minds, as 
p'son of Great fidelity, as well as Ability, to perform a Trust 
of so great an Importance, we have Impower'd thee in a Double 
Capacity : First, as a Commissioner, w th some others, to sell 
Lands, &e. , in every place or place in the province or Territo- 
ries of Pennsylvania that are undisposd off : and, also, invested 
thee, together w ,h our worthy friend Isaac Norris, to Receive 
all the Quit, Rents & oth«r Debts & effects belonging to Gover- 
nor Penn, w 1 ' 1 ', by an lustrum' now sent w lU thee, are made over 
to us, in trust w" 1 some others for the payment of money Due 
upon Mortgauge that the province & the Governor's Effects 
there are Securite for. In which Trusts we Intreat thy Utmost 
care & skill to manage, in order that we may be enabled spedily 
to payoff the Incumbrance, Principal & Interest, by Remiting 
over to us, by all sutabJe means, asopertunities presents, either 
by way of Lisbon, Jamaica, Barbados, or any other probable 
places, that the produce of your Country may be thought pro- 
per for a Markett, or by <Jood bills of Exchange, but avoid 
small billls, from 3, 4, or 5 pounds, the Charge of protests being 
so high they will not answer Returning, but if you could sell 
lands, these to be paid here, it would be a likely way, provided 
you are sure of the persons ability on both sides. 

We question not but thou are, at least, Eaqually Concerned 
for the Reputation of the Governor w lb our selves, & having 
so long served him, thou knows his Difficulties, & how much 
the Clearing of this Incumbrance will Relieve him, that to use 
arguments to Impress thee w"' Dilligence we hope is unneces- 



m PAPERS RELATING TO 

sary. Shall, therefore, only add that we depend upon thy care 
& faithfulness; & thou, being now upon thy Departure, we 
heartily desire thou may have a prosperous Voyage, and we do 
request, upon thy arrival, thou will write & Give us, as soon 
as thou canst, some account of this affair, and upon all occa- 
tions give us timely advices, Especially when Effects are sent, 
y* we may be able to insure, take our leave in Cordial friend- 
ship. 

JOSHUA GEE. 

HEN> GOULDNEY, 
SILVAN. GROVE, 
.IN" WOODS, 
JOHN FIELD. 



JAMES LOGAN TO GOULDNEY AND GROVE. 

Spitthkad, 19" 1 10*"", 1711 

Henry Qouldney & Silvanus Grove. 

My Esteemed Fr* : I needed not (as it happens) to have 
made so much haste from Lond. , but I was obliged when I left 
it to act as matters appear 'd at the time. We are now Con- 
fin' d here to wait not only for a fair wind, but for the ships to 
join us from the Downes w cfc are to Convoy us through the 
Channel. This gives me an opportunity of laying before you 
what I should have done before I left that place had time suffi- 
ciently favored me. 

You will excuse my freedom I hope in applying to you, two 
particularly in behalf, not only of our Province & y e Interest 
of fr ds in it in general, but also in putting you in mind of our 
Gov" affairs as well in relation to the Province, as to his own 
private Circumstances, both which seem to call for y e favoura- 
ble assistance of such friends as you have prov'd yourselves, 
to which if you at any time think fit to add y e Concurrence of 
such others as Sam 1 Waldenfield, &c. ,it will not I suppose prove 
unadviseable. 

You cannot but be sensible that the effects of Decaying 
nature, through advancing years, begin to appear in y e Govern", 
& tho p'haps 'tis no pleasure to him to hear of it, yet 'tis visi- 
ble that the usual strength & brightness of his great Genius by 
his Vast Troubles and Disappoint m ts , as well as from the causes 
I have mention'd begin to be impair' d. To observe this is suffi- 
cient with those who wish so well to him to putt them upon 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 31 

taking all opportunities of making inquiries into his affairs. & 
oi pressing him to settle them in y c first place by a good sub- 
stantial Will, such as may be seen to the hon r of his name after 
he is gone w ch is not yet done. 

Twould be well also I believe, if lie effectually settled y e 
business of his Daughters Portion with W. Aubry, who, not- 
withstanding y e fierceness of his temper, it must be allow'd has 
been rather a sufferer in his Estate by his marriage, having 
rec'vd but very little hitherto to compensate his augmented ex- 
penses & is never to have anything very considerable should it 
all come to his hands. 

As to his Son there is so little hopes of matters going right 
there that 'tis to little purpose, 1 doubt to say anything in rela- 
tion to him. 

But as the settlem' of the Province is the principle business 
of Importance, I beg leave to be most particular upon that 
head. 

All who consider the whole Circumstances of it aright, the 
Difficulties that attend friends in executing y e powers of Gov- 
ernm', & y e litle Probability that appears of his leaving a suc- 
cessor on whom fr ds will have any cause to value themselves, 
cannot but allow that 'twill be much more to the People's ad- 
vantage to see a Change in his own time, while he is capable of 
making Conditions for them & himself, than to be left open & 
exposed after his Decease to all y e attempts that may be made 
upon them when they have lost their Defender. 

This will certainly be for the advantage of y° Prov. , &, there- 
fore, ought, I believe, to be pursued were nothing else to be 
considered, but when tis further remembered that the Grov rs 
p'sent Circumstances so indispensably require such a timely 
aid as is hoped for from that Treaty, 'twill appear that his ut- 
most endeavours ought to be bent upon it. He very frequently 
has y e L d Treasurers ear, who has professed a great friendship 
for him, but whether he falls into y° happiest methods of using 
those opportunities is, (you very well know, j what has been 
doubted. 

I hope, therefore, that y r early Inclinations to promote his 
real Interest & guard his Hon r will lead you to urge this matter 
with such friendly expostulations with him as may most effect- 
ually operate to bring it to a period. I need not putt you in 
mind that when the surrender comes to be treated of in earnest, 
'tis of absolute necessity, as well for his own Hon r as the safety 
& welfare of ir ds in Pennsilv'*, that good terms be secured for 
those who, through a sincere Love to & Confidence in him, 
ventured their Lives & fortunes thither ; and this to be on such 
a foundation as shall not be oversett by any future attempt 



32 PAPERS RELATING TO 

from y e Crown or Caprices of its Govern™, for without some 
such terms I cannot think any surrender could be justified. 

What these People will want, you are more sensible of yo r 
selves than I am capable of setting before you. But it may be 
comprehended, 1 believe, in a full Liberty of Conscience, in 
y e practice of Worship, an Exemption from Oaths, from Priests 
maintenance, & from bearing Arms, and that they may be ca- 
pable to serve on Juries & bear Offices, both Judicial & Legisla- 
tive. Not that I think these last ought to be so much desired 
by friends on acco 1 of the things themselves as that the execu- 
tion of such persons who, in all respects, are the most substan- 
tial in the place, would prove highly to the Disadvantage of 
the whole Countrey in general, & please only a few such of 
other professions as are acted by malice or avarice, & have the 
most sinister Designs in view. 

Without a Provision of this kind. I should think nothing 
could prove more dishon ble to the Gov' himself than a surrender, 
besides the other unhappy Consequences that would attend it. 
And I am sure yo r regard to the Interest of fi ds every where 
will keep yo r thoughts sufficiently awake on a point of such 
Importance. 

This is the substance of what, at p'sent, occurs to my 
thoughts, and have del'vd them in such a broken Ord r as the 
Stormy Billows we now ride on will suffer me, which, for some 
time, have been too violent to allow us to goe on shoar. 

I shall not, I hope, be wanting, when it pleases God to bring 
me to y e other side, to use my utmost Endeavours for the tfov" 
Interest & yo r satisfaction, but should our opportunities of mak- 
ing Returns prove no more favourable for the future than 
they have done formerly, I wish those endeavours may not, 
by some, be measured by the success w ch is the misfortune that 
too frequently attends all humane Judgments in such cases, but 
however it proves, 1 am sensible I have been not justly defi- 
cient to any in the allowance I have, in some measure, carried 
out to my self for my trouble, what in this Kingdom can scarce- 
ly be judged of. I hope the freedom I have taken will be in- 
terpreted in a very favourable sense, being p'suaded that your 
sentiments and mine are very much the same on most of the 
subjects I have touched on. I heartily wish all manner of Pros- 
perity may attend you and yours. I should be extremely glad, 
at all times, to hear from you, &, requesting you to keep what 
I have wrote to yo r selves, must, for this time, bid you adieu. 

Your Sincerely affec 1 fr d , 

JAMES LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 33 

P. S. I forgot to mention what ought not to be omitted, viz : 
that till the Grov r can fully settle the Division Lines between 
him & y c L' 1 Baltimore, \v oh cannot be effectually done, I doubt, 
till a surrender, he will be kept out of several thousand of 
Pounds that are justly due to him, (and are mentioned in my 
acco' 3 that were laid before you, ) which therefore ought to be 
very sedulouslv prest. 

J. L. 



JAMES LOGAN TO GOVERNOR WM, PENN. 

Phila ia 26"' 12 mo 171|. 

Honoured Govern': After a great Consternation we were 
putt into by repeated acco ,s of thy Decease we were at length 
revived by those the last Post gave us of thy Recovery, for not 
till then did we receive even these of Octob r by the Harley 
from Bristol. By that Conveyance I was favoured with my 
Mistresses and thine of that month which I open'd with great 
Joy, but from thy late sentiments of me I must prepare (I see,) 
for a Mortification in all I am to Receive. 

I am surprized at the acco* thou gives me of the award in W. 
Lichfold's business, viz : that thou pays him 500 lbs more. I know 
not what I might have done in staying (as thou mentions) one 
week longer, but believe if I could have met you both together 
with the arbitrators but one night, which for some weeks be- 
fore I left London I could not, it might have been ended some- 
what differently. I perceive also that W m Aubry had rec'vd 
500 ,bs of thee, and cannot but think that so dutiful a Child as 
his wife deserves all the favours thou canst spare that way. 

I know not what to doe as to thy orders about her Lands. 
The whole business is long agoe settled underhand and seal, and 
therefore can be settled no other way. I am sorry that from 
the Resurveys 1 have caused to be made of both her Mannors, 
since my Return, upon the more ample Powers I brought over, 
I can give thee no better acco 1 of them. They were both con- 
firmed to her by Patents from thy self before thy Departure, 
and. being done in a hurry, the surveyors, it seems, had no 
other thought than to please thee by returning Land enough, 
without regarding whose it was. For, in that on Skuylkill, 
above one third of the best of it belon'd to others. Thou was 
fully apprized of the Swedes Claim (viz: Rambo, Cocks, &c. ) 
3-Vol. VII, 



34 PAPERS RELATING TO 

to about 1750 acres on y° River, and left them thy ord rs , in writ- 
ing, that it should be confirmed to them. But that proves not 
all, for the survey took in other old purchased settlem ts , to all 
which I was as utterly a stranger as she herself was, being no 
other way concerned in it than to expedite the Patent. And, 
of her other Tract on Brandywine, too much may he said to y e 
same purpose, besides y e great Barrenness of a considerable 
quantity of this as well as y e other. 

I am getting in and remitting her money as fast as possibly I 
can, but both that and Bills (to which alone we are confined 
in the writings) are exceedingly scarce with us, and the Coun- 
try Produce is this year as bad as either, Many families that 
used to sell being likely before Harvest to want bread for their 
own sustenance, thro' the shortness of the last Crop. 

I hope, as thou charges me, that 1 shall always remember I 
am to answer to God for all my Conduct, and in some measure 
also to good men, more then which I shall not at present say 
upon that head. I arrived here somewhat too late to doe much 
that spring in the business of Quittr ,s . The times of Harvest, 
w ch are early here, will not admit of it in summer, and I was 
unhappily confined almost all the ffall, viz: from the middle of 
the 6 lh to the 9 th mo th , with a most afflicted sciatica and Rheu- 
matism, of which last I am not yet wholly clear. But now, as 
the spring advances, am setting about it, and shall proceed 
(the Lord willing) with the utmost Diligence and application, 
but can never think it reasonable that I should be accountable 
for what is not in my power. I have mentioned it in almost 
every Letter, and have divers times used the most Pathetick 
Language I could think of to press thee to gett the Division 
Lines run between us and Maryland, for not only thousands of 
Pounds, due for Lands already sold and for Qui tt rent are de- 
tained, but we cannot proceed to sell or grant more Lands any 
whire near the bounds, because of the uncertainty, and yet 
there the greatest demand is, because not far from navigable 
water. In Maryland the L l1 Baltimore Grants his Lands only 
for the Quitt rent of 24 pounds of Tobacco ^p hund 11 acres, but 
they bring it up in the high ffees Avhich are paid to his officers. 
We, on the other hand, sell thy Lands from 6 to 10 or 12tt>s ^ 
hund 1 , to be paid at the first Purchase to thy use. If, after 
running the Lines, any of his Grants fall without his Bounds, 
the Damage is small to him. But, while we receive the Pur- 
chasers money, if he cannot hold it by thy Grant that money 
must be made good to him by somebody. This is so dangerous 
a Point that the Commission" think themselves obliged to 
hold their hands in all those Lands that may prove disputable, 
and in the meantime those of Maryland, running no Risque 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 35 

by their Method, break in more & more upon us by their sur- 
veys. 

Now (I suppose) will be the time, if ever, to gett this matter 
fully settled, and if it can be done by Lumping, thou wilt have 
no cause, I believe, to repeat it. I know not what may be made 
of y' two different Capes, Inlopen & Henlopen, but am of 
opinion if thou canst begin at y e mouth of the Indian River as 
a natural Boundary, it may be bore with, tho' the more can 
be had the better; but if you begin at what y c Sailors under- 
stand by Cape Inlopen or Henlopen, (& nobody here has any 
notion of any other, tho' the old Dutch Map expresses it other- 
wise,) 'twill leave out even the Town of Lewis. 

As to the Division Line between the Province and Maryland, 
if anything can be obtained by that interpretation of the Be- 
ginning of the 40 th Degree, viz : that it must be where the 39 lh 
ends, thou wilt be a gainer; but if taken according to y e com- 
mon acceptation, I have more reason than I care to mention to 
suspect that y e Line will fall much more to the NorthW 1 than 
has generally been apprehended. 

This being of the greatest importance to thee, not only to 
settle thy estate here in general, but also for getting in what is 
due, and raising more money, I would willingly hope that, 
however long neglected, it will now, at length, obtain, as it 
highly merits, thy care and application ; for shouldst thou be 
removed before 'tis effected, none afterw ds will be so capable of 
managing it. I wrote a long Lett 1 " on this & some other heads 
to H. Goldney, on the first perplexing Report we had of thy 
Decease, in which I stated the matter as clearly as I was cap- 
able. 

In that Lett r I mentioned a Replevin brought by one Berkly 
Codd, in Sussex, for wheat distrained on by Tho. fflsher, for 
Quittr* 8 , by my Ord rs . Codd was baffled at y e Court by the 
Dexterity of our Lawyer's Manageiii', without bringing the 
matter to Trial ; for, indeed, I was altogether unwilling to 
bring in the Deeds of ffeofm 1 into Court, because of y° Reserva- 
tion of one half of the Rents to the Duke, & the Distress that 
is allow'd to be made in case of thy failing to pay them. This, 
however, will (we hope) be fully settled by y e Surrender, but y e 
People are so resolute in not paying till it be done, that we 
know not how to manage them. 

Besides, what we shipt last summer, We have sent to Jam ca , & 
Loaded on y e Hope Gaily to Carolina about 250 lbs , and now send 
to Hen. Goldney a very good Bill for 200 lbs Sterling, as effects 
can be gott in this spring, we shall hasten all that's possible. 

I know not what to say further than I have done in former 
Lett" about y e effects of Parks' Vessels. I have not yet been 



36 PAPERS RELATING TO 

able togett any satisfactory acco' of them, but am well assured 
that whoever claims them, no Great matter will be found, when 
compared with their first value. Jn° ffrench takes it to be his 
Right to dispose of all that is left, which is only the ships sails, 
now almost rotten, & Indigoe that y e Gov r could not come at. 
being in John's own or his Cousin Robert's cellars. He expects 
to have y e Charges of his voyage & managem 1 in Engl' 1 bore out 
of them, and, indeed, upon the whole, I am almost as much at 
a loss to understand his way of thinking about them as y e Gov- 
ern 1 ' 3 . 'Tis certain, unless he can gett some Compensation, he 
must be a great Sufferers by his negotiation ; and if I may say 
so much of Coll. Goodkin, without offence, I think his Conduct 
tow ds John, since his Return, is surprizing. I hope whoever 
comes with y e Queen's Commission, he will bring full Powers 
& ord r about them, & that none will be putt upon touching 
with them, till they are sufficiently warrented. I would wish, 
also, that he might come fully Instructed & Impower'd in re- 
lation to what thou mayst have to say to Coll. Goodkin. Some 
here affirm that he is consulting how to keep those effects of 
Parks to himself ; but however that be, 'tis certain he is not un- 
thoughtfull how to find his acco' by coming over. He has lately 
taken some large fines that amounted to a hund d p ds , at least, 
into his own hands, for he is Gov r , (w ch is more than ever Coll. 
Evans did) & yet he complains he shall be a Loser. 

Thou seems to admire at my silence about fr ds here lending 
money to take off y e Incumbrance on y e Province. I know 
many would be willing to assist thee to their Power, but I had 
been here but a very little time when the Publick News Lett 1 " 
gave an acco 1 that thou hadst surrendered y e Gov mt , for w ch thou 
was to have 1400 lbs , and common fame made it more. I could 
not venture to say this was false, but knew it was much too 
late to think of settling y c Govm', as thou mentions in thy last, 
on a number of friends here, and when it was generally believ'd, 
being confirmed by many Lett r " from England, that thou was 
to receive such a, sum, on acco 1 of this Govm\ 'twas in vain to 
propose any thing further, every body believing that that would 
absolutely clear the whole. 

There was a necessity for M. Philips or Newcomens going 
over, for unless her affairs were better settled she could not be 
supplied for y e future with money. I thought there was some 
Risque in what I was obliged to at my arrival, for y e preceding 
time, but seeing I sent thee what was sufficient to recover from 
her husband what was advanced, I hope there has been due 
care taken not to left it be lost. 

I have, since my arrival, followed but litle of my own busi- 
ness, having putt the few Goods I had into the hands of others 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 37 

to sell, and tho' some are of opinion that I have made myself 
Master of great quantities of Land, I made but two Purchases 
of unsurveyed Lands in this Province, the one from the Ceerys, 
of one thous d acres, the other for a large quantity that was 
Hugh Lamb's. Both these were, in a manner forced upon 
me, and in what I have taken or shall take up, I have no other 
Privilege than what every man in the Province may, according 
to our established methods, claim, without the least partiality, 
for in this particular I would not betax'd on any consideration. 

I design, if it please Cod to spare me Life & health, to spend 
the ensuing year with the utmost application to thy business, 
in which time I hope to bring it into a pretty good ord 1 , tho' it 
has formerly been in the utmost Confusion, and to use my best 
endeavours, with I. Norris, to remit what we can receive, after 
which, I doubt, from the treatment I meet with, I shall find it 
necessary to look out for some calmer kind of Life, in which I 
may be less accountable. I have now spent near fourteen of 
the best of my years in thy service, in w ch , I can very safely 
say, I have generally had a much greater regard to thy Interest 
than my own, and yet it has pleased Cod, in his Divine Provi- 
dence, to bless me beyond my own thoughts or Contrivance, 
tho' far short of what some will Imagine. I hope, through his 
assistance, my aim has been answered in this, that I have not 
acquitted myself with any Disrepute to thy affairs ; and what- 
ever happens, if there be any room left for it, I shall willingly 
give any reasonable assistance for the future, provided it may 
be on terms not unbecoming a freeman, which I would will- 
ingly still conceive myself to be. 

Having been prevented last fall, by my Illness, to goe to 
Salem, I have now appointed to take 3 or 4 Daves this next 
Month, to visit & call upon the Tenants there, but, from what 
I have hitherto inett with, doubt y e success, as well as in the 
business of Quittr ls at home here, thro' the hardness of the 
year. 

I designed to have made up this Lett' in it self, to save Pos- 
tage, merchant-like, but must now putt it under a Cover. I 
am, with true Respect, 

Thy faithful & obed 1 Serv\ 

J. LOCAN. 

P. S. The trouble thy Unkindnesses gives me have forced 
me, in this Letf, upon expressing myself in a manner that, I 
doubt, will scarce prove agreeable, but as I am far from intend- 
ing any thing but what is handsome and honourable, I hope it 
will be construed in the softest sense. 

J. L. 



38 PAPERS RELATING TO 



JONAS GREENWOOD TO SECRETARY LOGAN. . 

Duck Creek, April y e 19"', 1712. 
Hon 3 and Lo : Pri 4 . I am heartily Glad of your safe Arrivall, 
although far short of the Time I could have wisht. If I had 
knowne where to directed any Intelligence, you should have 
heard Long agoe how affairs stood. I have used Much In- 
deavour to collect Quitt Rents, Though to Litle porpose. Only 
vexation to have and see the people's spight and mallice, which 
is as Great at this Time as ever, and to Mee as Much as possi- 
ble. I have been often Tould to My face that they wondered 
at my Insolence to demand Quitt Rents, and had no Authority, 
and with Much Redicule (and, as I may saye, ) hypocritticall 
Laughter. In short I see no way to Recover any except some 
extremicysbee used with some people, which, If done, May be 
a Means to awaken or spurr to thy Rest. Some Certain per- 
sons, and not of the smallest accomp' s , hath Rendered mee as 
altogether Incapable of the surveyors place, as not knowing 
how to draw a True figure, or, w ch Is Loss, to a straight Line, 
and I know of no Reason only Their Cankered Mallice, and be- 
cause My True Instruments will not bee byassed to Run after 
their former State Lines, which Report of Theirs hath Caused 
Many of the Ignorant & unintelegible people to adhere to Their 
oppinion. I have had Much Loss and Trouble with my Cattle, 
which Is not of hand yett, otherwise I think I should have 
sene you before this time ; My desires Thereoff being very 
Great. I have severall Things of Moment to Communicate to 
you, which cannot bee done heare. I shall Indeavour to see 
vou as soone as possible, and In y e Mean Time wishing you 
health and prossperity In all your affairs, Is the hearty desire 
off, Sir, yo r huiu lle and Oblig'd Ser\ 

JONAS GREENWOOD. 



JAMES LOGAN TO GOVERNOR WILLIAM PENN. 

PHILAD ia , 8 th 7 br , 1713. 

Honoured Govern 1, : Thy late severe visitation obliged me 
for sometime to forbear applying to thee, but now. in hopes it 
may have pleas d God to enable thee for business again, I shall 
adventure once more to direct to thee, as formerly, earnestly 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 39 

praying that this may find thee in a full state of vigour and 
strength to consider & putt a period to all thy depending affairs. 

Parson Evans, the Bearer, being bound for Engl' 1 , reckon d 
he ought to have a Line to thee from my hand. We have al- 
ways had a good understanding with each other, but of late 
he complains that he has laboured under some greater Diffi- 
culties in respect to thy Interest than formerly, by means of 
Coll. Ofookins shewing (according to his unhappy method that 
way) to Coll. Quary & others what thou wrote to him in one of 
thine concerning the Parson, and what he had discoursed with 
thee in Engl' 1 . This, it seems, was carried further, and Im- 
prov'd among the Clergy, & with Coll. Nicholson, much to his 
Disadvantage. I have been very free with him upon his joyn- 
ing with the vestry here in their sharp addresses last year. He 
answers for that in the same manner, and that he was obliged 
to goe along with them. But I shall leave him to speak to it 
more fully, if occasion be, to thy self. 

Thou recommended to friends here, and to me, particularly, 
one Matthias Bagger, a learned young Dane or Norwegian, who 
came over with J. ffrench. He drops first into I. Norris's, 
where, after he had continued several weeks without business, 
Isaac at length agreed with him to teach his Children at home, 
for w cb he made him a handsome allowance besides his Diet, & c . 
He was always treated very respectfully, and indeed I thought 
they each of them very well suited the other's occasions. 

But he had not been long there (tho' no man might have liv' 1 
more easily) before some very old and disagreeable humours of 
his broke out. He took liberties at home of talking very loosely 
in matters of Religion to the Children, and abroad very idly) 
and unjustly of the family, w ch was so far resented by y e women 
that he was obliged to change his Quarters. I hoped that 
much of this might be owing to Misunderstandings, and con- 
tinued to have so much Compassion of him that I was willing, 
with many others, upon thy Recommendation, to assist him; 
but nothing being found for him we contributed enough to 
pay his Passage back to Engl d . At his going off, he desired a 
Line from me to thee, but I gave him none ; I wrote, however, 
with as handsome a Turn as I could give the matter to his and 
my friend, that worthy Young man, Josiah Martin, and am apt 
to believe if Josiah be not in Engl' 1 Matthias will shew thee, and 
perhaps others, that Lett r , tho 1 'tis certain there is not much 
in it that he can value himseif, upon. 

But since his Departure I have had such acco ,s of him from 
some of known veracity that he was intimate with here, and 
have further been assured of some Discourses he has used in 
Maryland, whither he went for a Passage, w ct shew him to be 



40 PAPERS RELATING TO 

exceedingly base, almost beyond belief. The Liberties ne has 
taken in defaming I. Norris & his family, which, altogether, is 
as free from blemish as any in the whole Country, is what none 
but the most wicked could be guilty of and tho' I never shew'd 
him much Countenance here, suspecting from the very first 
his want of sincerity, yet I now heartily repent that I ever 
wrote one Line that could be construed in his favour. 

I would request, therefore, if he comes to wait on thee or any 
of thy famliy, that, he may be led to discourse of I. Norris and 
his, and if he drops anything to their Disadvantage, I should 
be glad that this were communicated to him ; but first that 
he may be asked whether he has anything from me, and if he 
should produce the Lett r I have mentioned, that it may be de- 
tained from him, for the reasons I have given. His Discourses 
in Maryland are too certain to be disputed, and lest he should 
proceed in the same wickedness there, should he not come to 
thee early enough, there might be a service in having proper 
measures taken to prevent the poison of his unjust and sland- 
erous tongue. 

They are proceeding in Jersey to a 4 th Dividend for the Pro- 
prietors, (that is, another 5,000 acres to each Propriety, ) In 
order to which they have now very lately made a very large 
Purchase of the Indians, w ch will rise to about 6 shillings, York 
money, p. hundred acres, for soe much as is fit for surveys, 
above one half being unfit to take up. In this Dividend thou 
wilt come in for this 4 th on ffenwick's ten shares, which are 
no Avhere to be had in the County of Salem. That 4th being j0 
thous a acres, I must pay for the Purchase near 150 lb3 , besides 
the Charges of Survey, wh ,h will be considerable, and this will 
take up, I doubt, most of the money we shall be able to raise 
from Jersey, if not more; but 'twill, I hope, be very well laid 
out by securing so much more to thy Children. 

I cannot resolve whether it will be safe to take up Haig's 
Propriety, w ch is now 20 thous d acres, because I know not how 
to gett the equity of Redemption cutt off. The Original Deeds 
are, doubtless, there in Engl' 1 , but they are upon Record in Bur- 
lington from Copies, as I judge, sent over with I. Bass about 
y e year 1690. I am sure they are not to be found here. 

Matters stand, generally, in the Province at the old rate. 
The business of Parks' vessels wait Coll. Nicholson's arrival. 
The Grov r keeps himself at a great distance from me, as he does 
from all men whom he imagines to have so much as common 
ffriendship for Coll. Evans, and this is the only cause that I 
know of his unaccountable strangeness tow ds me. Thou wilt 
have heard, by this time, of his opposing P. Evan's Commis- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 41 

sion giving it out very freely that thou was not thy self when 
Granted it. 

We are going on in making Remittances to the Trustees as 
fast a-s we are able. When an Opportunity otters of shipping 
the skins and ff urs we have now ready, we shall have sent off, 
by Bills and in Goods, since the first of last Spring, about a 
thousand pounds of this money, and might have done more 
were it not for the extraordinary failure of our Crops, which 
leaves the Countrey People, in a great measure, uncapable of 
paying. But, more particularly, the unsettled state of the 
Lower Counties disables us exceedingly, nothing now coming 
from thence, nor is it to be expected till they are more effectu- 
ally settled. 'Tis now alleged that the Deeds to these from the 
Duke of York were before the Patent from the King to Him, 
which, whether true or not, thou canst not but see the neces- 
sity of having that whole affair adjusted, as well as the Divi- 
sion Lines run, not only between those Counties, but between 
the Province itself and Maryland, the want of which layes us, 
as I have repeatedly mention'd, under very great Inconveni- 
ences. 

Edw d Shippen being dead, & Sam 1 Carpenter removing to 
Bristol, in Bucks, to live, there will be but a bare Quorum of the 
Commission™ left in town, viz: R. Hill, I. IS orris, & myself, so 
that we shall be much weakened in carrying on of business. 
T. Story has been dangerously ill of a severe fever and is yet 
so very weak that there appears no great Certainty of his Re- 
covery, which, should it please God to grant him this visita- 
tion, has made him so sensible of his Error in deferring his long 
intended voyage that as soon as enabled to it, he will, doubt- 
less, hasten away, and then there will be no sufficient Power 
to any here to dispose of what maybe fitt to sell in Jersey that 
thou left, being directed to Sam 1 Jennings, T. Story & me, or 
any two of us, all w ch should be timely considered and the De- 
fects supplied. 

Rob 1 ffrench is this day carried from hence to be buried. He 
has been long ill, and died here last night. His Death will be 
a Loss to us, for tho' once he was very troublesome, yet, like 
W m Rodney, before his Decease his heart seem'd turn'd, & he 
appear'd a cordial Wellwisher to thee & thy Interest. 

We have but a very indifferent Crop again this year. The 
Summer has been wett, and the ffall comes on with more Rain 
than has generally been known. The season is unkindly for 
health, and if the Disposition of the Air alter not, worse may 
be fear'd. Great numbers of People are Crowded in upon us, 
but they are mostly Serv ,s , &, very few of Estates. 

I have rec'vd from Brice Webb thy Power to call in thy son 



42 PAPERS RELATING TO 

John's money, but a copy of the Will should be lodged here. I 
have not yet rec' vd any thing. S. Carp r , the Principal Debtor, 
cannot yet pay, but T. Tress is preparing to answer his this 
Winter, in Engl 11 . As fast as I can recover any I shall send it. 
I know not what we must doe next year with Pensbury, I 
Sotcher being then to leave it, I am, with due Respect, 
Thy faithful Obed' Serv\ 

JAMES LOGAN. 

P. S. I shall find a method, I believe, to regain my Letter 
from Matthias on board the Ship before he arrives there. 

J. L 



ISAAC TAYLOR TO SECRETARY LOGAN. 

The 10 th of 7 ber , 1713. 
James Logan : 

Loving Friend : At five of y e Clock in the afternoon, yester- 
day, I received thy letter of y e 5 th of 7 her Instant. I sent a let- 
ter to Jn° Miller in half an hour, w c \ I hope, he'l soon receive, 
wherein I desired it could not be had as to John Beller's Land. 
I know of now in our County, nor can I remember that I ever 
heard the name before. But there is 1500 a of Land in this Town 
of Thornbury that was surveyed in 1684, and, by Charles Ash- 
com's Draught, is Richard Marsh & John Bellows's, which, 
perhaps, may be the Land thou enquirest after. If it be so, 
thou maist see the location thereof by my Draught of our 
Town of Thornbury, w ch thou or Jacob have. It is quite free 
from any other claim as I know or ever heard of. As to the 
value of it, I cannot tell well what to say. About 500 a at the 
west end of the tract is as good Land as most Land in our 
parts. The other 1000 a is so extreme hilly & stony that will not 
sell, I think, this age. 

The 1 st of last month I Received thy Letter of the 15: 4 ,h 
month, by Isaac in which thou Desired me to sur- 
vey his land without Delay, which I can not well do till the 
weather is colder, because the place he designs for is very 
Bushey. In the close of the s d Letter thou desirest me to look 
for a comodious & profitable Tract for thyself, which, in three 
Days after, I did, & view'd a good and valuable piece of Land 
on Pequea Creek, about 10 miles on this side of the Palatines 
thereof (viz 1 , of l,000 a ) I designed to deliver thee 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 43 

when in Town last, but opportunity to discourse things of that 
nature was then wanting. I also, at the same time, view'd a 
Good Piece of Land in the fork of Brandywine, which I in- 
tended to acquaint thee off, but now, I think not to add any 
more on this head, but leave it till the 23 r Instant, at w cb time 
I hope to discourse what is needfull with thee by word of mouth. 
I design to come to Town y e 4 th day of the yearly meeting, to 
take my leave of our worthy speaker & the Rest of our school 
fellows, & leave the Business of the Country to a sett of new 
hands, w ch , we hope, will please the Gov r and serve the Publick 
as well as we have done. 
I have no more to add, but that I am thy Real Loving friend, 

ISAAC TAYLOR. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO MRS. HANNAH PENN. 



Philad\ 14 th ? hr , 1713. 

My Honoured Mistress: Parson Evans, designing for 
Engl' 1 , would need have a Letf from me to y e Gov r . I wrote 
a large one, having once begun, and heartily wish it may find 
Him so happily recovered that it may be fitt for his considera- 
tion ; if otherwise, it will then fall under thine. 

I know of nothing omitted in that worthy of yo r notice, at 
p'sent, save that, in answer to what thou once hinted of W. 
Aubrey's Complaints. I should have mentioned that, besides 
Good Bills formerly sent to his & his Wife's Trustees for £ 169. 
I now send by this Oppert unity others for about £300 more on 
acco 1 of y e Principal that is to be paid for her Portion, and 
shall proceed as fast as money can be gott in & Bills procured 
for it. I have wrote largely to himself, but doubt he will still 
be dissatisfied that the Interest is not remitted first. I have 
sent something tow ds that, tho' not much, since my arrival, 
and he has further in his hands about 100 lb3 sterl. of the money 
paid him by his bro r R. Thomas, which should discharge y" 
Quittr ,s of Whitpains' Lands, but may be discounted by an- 
swering the same out of his money here, & be these allow 'd to 
William tow ds the Interest due, so soon as he semis the Power 
& ord rs that I have mentioned to him. Upon Receipt of these, 
he will also have another considerable sum, & I hope in a little 
time y e whole will be discharged ; but I ought to be advised o;i 
what acco' he had that 500 lbs from the Gov', which he was 
pleased to mention to me a little before his Illness. This comes 



44 PAPERS RELATING TO 

by one And r Hamilton, once an acquaintance of his namesake, 
our former Govern r , an Ingenious man, and, for a Lawyer, I 
believe, a very honest one, & of very considerable Practice in 
these parts. 'Twas he we imploy a in the business of the Re- 
plevin brought last Winter upon a Distress made in the County 
of Sussex for Quitr ts ,and he baffled them, tho' he thought not 
fltt to suffer it to proceed to a Trial, for want of better Tackle 
on our side. He will readily be assistant, I believe, in any 
thing in his Power, but, designing a short stay, can doe little 
more than by Advice and Informations. 

Thou hinted to me that my fr' 1 , J. C. is still single. I am 
told as much lately, very favourably, from her own hand : but 
while she has such Relations, I doubt little is to be expected. I 
have ventured, however, to putt it now to a Trial, and shall 
at least, by that means, bring it to an end. I wish it could be 
according to both our desires would have it, but must take it 
as ordered for us. I hope, I need not hint, how absolutely 
unfltt this is for any other view. I am, with sincere respect, 
Thy faithful fr" & Serv\ 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOS. GREY, CONCERNING LORD 

BALTIMORE TAKING OBSERVATION TO FIX 

THE FORTIETH DEGREE. 

• 

Philadelphia, the 29 th 3 mo. , 1714. 

My ffRiE^D, T. Grey : About ten weeks agoe I sent thee (by 
a safe hand, via Maryland, ) a < !opy of a long Letter of mine to 
Cha. Carrol, in which I had largely Stated the Case between 
that Province and us in relation to our Boundaries. 

I have in some of my former Lett r % mentioned a large Instru- 
ment, sent over 2 or '6 Years agoe by the L d Baltimore, to make 
an exact observation of the Latitude in order to ffix those 
Bounds. Pursuant to which Design, his agent, C. Carrol, in- 
vited one Green, an artist from Virginia, of reputation for his 
skill in the Mathematicks, with whom and a young man of 
his own family, in Romish orders, he came up the Bay in March 
Last to the highest Branch of Elk River, being nearly on a 
Western Line from Newcastle, and there, for three dayes suc- 
cessively, took the Meridian Altitude of the Sun, and by that, 
as they affirm, found the true Latitude of that place to be no 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 45 

more than 3i» deg s 29 min r , from whence they concluded that 
their Province must extend ahove thirty miles further North- 
ward, which would bring it above ten mlies beyond this place, 
Newcastle not being quite 20 miles to the south of us on a Di- 
rect Meridian. 

How much this lias alarmed the Countrey may easily be im- 
agined. It was given out that C. Carrol had invited me thither, 
but that I would not attend, which was not true; for, tho' 
about 2 months before he invited me to meet him at the head 
of the Bay in March, yet he named no particular time of the 
month, nor any place, and he came so privately that he was 
not only there but returned again before I heard one syllable 
of it, for which I was no way sorry, for, had I the directest 
notice they could have given, I should not have thought it 
proper to be there. 

About a month agoe, however, having business at the same 
place where the Instrument was left, I there view'd it. Tis of 
6 foot Radius, and seems to be made with skill and care, but I 
had no full opportunity of examining it. But, whatever the 
Instrument is, the observations are very much to be suspected, 
for even in the Sun's Declination they err'd at least 3 or 4 min- 
utes, and by the greatest part of the Tables extant for calculat- 
ing the sun's motion, the error is no less than 5 minutes, for I 
have tried the sun's place for their lirst day of observation, viz : 
the 9 th of March, by no less than 12 severall Tables now in my 
Custody, and by them find the difference as I have mentioned, 
from whence I am apt to imagine they neglected to add the diff- 
erence of 5 hours between the Meridian of London and y e place 
of observation, which, if so, it shews them very meanly qual- 
ified for such an undertaking. But, if they were really men 
of skill, it shews, on the other hand, their want of Integrity, 
for they took care, it saems, to err only on the side that fav- 
oured them. But, in case any should be so curious to inquire 
further into the matter, I here send a copy of their observa- 
tions, which, p'haps, may be no truer in the altitudes than in 
the Declination. 

But however these are, I have shewn in my above mentioned 
Letter that nothing of the kind must Determine us. We have a 
Grant from y e Crown to begin at a Certain place, which was so 
far from being understood, or suspected to Interfere with the 
Grant to Maryland, That even the L d Baltimore himself, then 
in his Province resolving to assert his claim to our Lower Coun- 
ties, and thereupon to Run the Line of his Northern Bound- 
ary, chose, in the year 1681, or thereabouts, out of all the ships 
then within his Governm 4 , about a Dozen of the ablest artists 
he could pitch on, and with them and their Instruments came 



46 PAPERS RELATING TO 

up to the head of their Bay, where, having made their observa- 
tions, he, himself, with many attendants, travelled upas high 
as Octareroe, and from the mouth of that actually run and 
marked a line as far as Delaware, which Line fell in with the 
River within a mile of the Very place where our Patent Be- 
gins, so that even he, himself, could then p'tend to claim no fur- 
ther than that at a time when he resolved to abate nothing of 
what he could p'tend any Right to,* and such a line has Gener- 
ally been accounted the Northern Bounds of Maryland by all 
the people there. I am sensible the King's Grant to our Pro- 
prietor, by making this Province come down to the Westward 
of the Circle round Newcastle, would bring us down much 
lower, or to the Southward ; yet, as Commissioners, we would 
never Grant any surveys below that Line, except on our own 
side, where the Grant of the Lower Counties secures us. 

Now, should it Possibly be adjudged that the L l Baltimore 
ought really to come up to the Parallel of 40 Degrees, tho I 
have, in my Letter to C. Carrol, advanced (as I think) some 
solid reasons to the Contrary, yet that (as far as I can Judge) 
could never be understood but in a vacant Countrey. But as 
we have settled ours Pursuant to the King's Grant to us, and 
have been so cautious as not to advance to the extent of it, but 
stopt short, even at the Line by which the L' 1 Baltimore, himself, 
claimed, and which he, himself, run as the Division, it certainly 
can never be accounted reasonable, by men that are so, that 
he should come in among our settlements or beyond that Line, 
should that Parallel appear not to have been truly fixt, ac- 
cording to observations by accurate Land instruments, for I 
must confess I believe such Instruments would carry the Par- 
allel more Northerly, there being generally, as I have observed, 
a sensible Difference between the observations by Land and sea 
Instrum ,s . But sure I am that these Gentlemen's late observa- 
tions is not to be relied on. They have, however, sent it over, 
and the Lord Baltimore being now, perhaps, more in favour, 
and taking advantage of our Proprietor's Illness, may possibly 
move for an order to have the Line run, which, therefore, 
ought most vigilantly to be guarded against, for which reason 
I now write thus to thee, and desire thee not only to communi- 
cate L, but to be very watchful thy self. 

I cannot now write to Ruscomb. but shall speedily, and must 
at p'sent conclude. 

Thv affectionate fr d , 

J. L. 

* But ye Patent for this Province, carrying the Bounds round ye Circle of Newcastle, 
makes, or intended to make. Our Southern Division Line much to the Southward of 
this Line run by the Lord Baltimore, but he now claims a great way to the Northward 
of this former life. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 47 

Observations taken at* H. Bollingtvorth' s. 

Mar. y e 9 th . — Sun's place 29°, 36", 35"— Declination 9", 35",South. 

10 " " 0, 36, v " 14, 22, North. 

11 " " 1, 35, 26 " 38, 4, 

The Meridian altitude of the Sun March y e 9 tU was 50', 21" 

10 " 50, 45 

11 " 51, 9 
And therefore the Latitude is 39°, 29 / , 17". 

P r James Green. A true copy. 

That y e Meridian altitude was truly taken, and according to 
art, without any sensible error, I attest. 

Peter Atwood. 

Should these observations happen to be discoursed of at 
Lond., and the Declination tried there, it is to be remembered 
that the sun's Declination on y e 9 lii of Marcli is 5 minutes more 
at London that day at Noon than it is here, because of the 
difference of Longitude, which we find by observations of 
Eclipses, &c. , is about 75 degrees, or 5 hours, and the sun, when 
near the equator, varies his declination about a minute every 
hour. If this be not observed, what I have advanced will be 
thought wrong. 

If full ord rs should be issued, which may now be expected if 
solicited upon the surrender of this Ofovernm 1 , to run all the 
Boundaries between us and Maryland, it is to be feared there 
may be a most unhappy mistake committed upon the King 
& Council's Ord rs about the Lower Counties in 1685, for that 
Ord r directs a Line to begin at Cape Henlopen, if I mistake 
not, & to run Westward to Chesapeak, and form y e Middle of 
that a North and South Line to be run as far as 40 degrees, 
dividing the neck as equally as may be, (or to this purpose, ) of 
which the Western Moiety is to be y e L d Baltimore and the 
other to the King who granted it to our Proprietor. This Cape 
Henlopen, I have heard the Proprietor say, was taken from a 
very old Printed Dutch Map, w ch he laid before the Lords of 
the Council, and was there placed about 20 miles, more or less, 
to the Southward of the true Cape, and the true Cape was 
called, as I think, Cape Inlopen. But so it is now that y e 
Sailors who frequent this River and Bay have no Notion of two 
Capes, nor the Inhabitants who dwell near the place, so that 
by Cape Henlopen nothing is now understood but the true 
Southern Cape of the Bay, and a West Line from that would 
not only leave out y e best part of all the County of Sussex, but 
even the town of Lewes it self, which ought to be strenuously 

* He is now a Survr. in Maryland. 



48 PAPERS RELATING TO 

against. I mentioned this largely befoie in my long Lett r to 
Hen. Goldney, in Jan r \ 171 3, upon the alarm we had of the Pro- 
prietor's Decease ; and took notice also then that the Proprietor 
had in his keeping that old Dutch Map, printed upon Parchm', 
and that the Lines were still to be seen upon it that were drawn 
by the Lords of the Committee at the time that Ord r was 
made, which, therefore, ought carefully to be lookt after. 



ADVERTISEMENT FOR THE JERSEY PROPRIETORS 

July 31, 1714. 
Whereas, divers persons being the Greater Number of the 
Councill of Proprietors for the Western Division of the Province 
of New Jersey, In Pursuance of an Act of Assembly of the said 
Province did in the Year 1713 obtain of the Governour a Li- 
cense to Purchase of the Indian Natives for themselves and 
such others of the Proprietors of the said Western Division as 
they should associate to themselves such a quantity of Lands 
yet unpurchased as they had a Right to take up, whereupon 
the said Councill and the next ensueing Conformable to the 
first design In procuring the said Licence did proceed to make 
Divers Large purchases of the said Natives and Gave Notice, 
in print, to all the proprietors of undivided Rights to Lands In 
the said Division that the said purchases were Intended for the 
Generall Benefit of all proprietors whatsoever who had any 
such Rights and all such prop ts were Invited to come in and 
pay their proportion of the purchase money and Charges upon 
which they should be Intituled to an equal privilege in the s 1 
purchases without any preference to be Given to any person 
whatsoever. But whereas it has been Represented to the Coun- 
cill of Proprietors now sitting that some persons Disregarding 
the publickBenefit Intended by the said purchasers and oppose- 
ing the Rules and Orders established and practised since the 
first foundation of this Colony, by which the Lands and Estates 
within the said Division are Generally held, through an unjust 
Desire of makeinga private advantage to themselves have pre- 
tended to Survey Lands within the Bounds of the purchases 
made of the Indians as aforesaid without any Order or Author- 
ity for the same. The said Councill therefore to obviate & pre- 
vent all Inconveniencys that may hereafter arise from such Sin- 
ister practices and Unjust attempts, Do in Behalf of themselves 
and all others the Proprietors who are Instituted or shall with- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 49 

in the time limited by the said Councils layt printed adver 
tisem' Institute themselves to a Right to take up Lands in the 
said Purchases, hereby Publish and Declare, That all such Sur- 
veys as hitherto have been or hereafter shall be attempted to 
be made within the Bounds of the said purchases otherwise 
than according to the Council's Late publications and by their 
authority and allowance (who in Behalf of themselves and the 
other said (xenerall Proprietors are Solely Interested therein) 
are Irregular and Contrary to their Intentions, Direction or 
approbation, and as they tend to the subversion of all Method 
and Good order In taking up, and security in holding of Lands 
in the said Division, are therefore to be held and deemed to 
all Intents and purposes as utterly void, as if the same had 
never been or attempted, and all persons are desired to take 
notice hereof accordingly. 

Dated at Burlington the 31"' of the month called July 1714. 

Signed by order of the Council of Proprietors prov. 

JOHN WILLS, Clerk. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO MRS. HANNAH PENN. 

Philad% 4 1 " 8 br , 1714. 
My Honoured Mistrkss: 1 have not now, for many months, 
heard from Ruscom, nor for some past have I wrote thither, 

hut now upon the ace' we have Rec' 1 of y e late L' 1 

and the Queen's Death, we can not hut he under deep appre- 
hensions of all y e affairs of this Province being brought (for 
some time longer at least) to a stand ; yet how great our want 
here is of a more regular Administration, the annexed Copy of 
a Letter from J. H. will, in some measure, shew. His (y e Gov- 
ern 1 ^) Plantation being nere Newcastle, He there spends great 
part of his time, which makes that County more immediately 
feel the effects of his Politicks, which are certainly the wildest 
of any thing that has ever been known this way. That County 
has not now one magistrate in it of any kinde, and therefore 
not the least shew of Administration of Justice; nor will he 
advise any one man near him, that's capable of advising him. 
To me he will not see much as speake, unless to abuse me, & 
for no cause in the world that I know of, but that he imagines 
me Coll. Evans's fr d , and to call y e Rest of our frd s Council & 
4-Vol. VII. 



50 PAPERS RELATING TO 

assembly, he is pleased to allow such names as cannot Quicken 
their zeal for his service. 

The Council, however, having lately met, have Resolved to 
apply to him directly, in y e Prop ,rs behalf, especially about the 
Lower Counties, where he acts as Independent, and therefore 
makes those parts the scene of soe much the more confusion. 
But it is in vain to expect a full Redress, if any can be obtained, 
for being conscious of his own weakness in affairs of Governm', 
he is soe Jealous of every man also who he thinks understands 
more than himself, That he has not at this time y 3 friendship 
of any one man in the place who has any manner of Character 
above y e lowest common level for sense or understanding. 
Should the Prop r propose another Gov 1 , it is to be apprehended 
that y e ministry there might scruple the approbation of y e 
Crown, because of y e Steps that have been made towards a 
surrender, and to let us lye much longer under this Languish- 
ing State in Governm' may be very Injurious to your Interest, 
especially on acct. of our Disputes w ,h Maryland about the 
bounds of our Province which they have deeply invaded, and 
the Lower Counties, particularly, who, if not better Treated, 
may be Tempted to a Defection from us, and how secure y e In- 
terest is with him, may be Judged, not only from J. H's Let- 
ter, which is certainly true, I believe, in all its parts, but alsoe 
from all his appointing Rangers in those Counties by his own 
authority, & even offering to constitute survey" there, as I am 
credibly inform'd, without any regard to the Proprit r or his 
commission^ 8 , to whome the Disposal of those officers solely 
belongs. 

If, therefore, there be noe prospect of any reasonable means 
to settle us by steps that you can take, Grounded wholly on 
the Prop 13 Power, p'haps it may not be amiss to think of it, at 
least whether the Crown may not be applied to, to Grant Com- 
mission for the present and upon y e Recomendations, till mat- 
ters can be better Settled to Coll. Hunter, Gov r of New York 
& Jersey, whose excellent Qualifications would, I believe, 
render him Generally acceptable here. 

My former mean oppinion of our present Gentlemen here, 
I am sensible, laid me open to a very harsh treatment from the 
Prop tr , which has hitherto made me very cautious in represent- 
ing matters as I frequently ought to have done. But it now 
become a debt soe much due to you and the Country here in 
Generall, that a continued silence in me, who have formerly 
been always expected to render faithful acct s of our affairs, 
would scarce appear pardonable, I am sure I can safely say I 
write nothing here from any private Resentm' s against him ; 
for would he discharge his Duty in other Respects, however 
he treated me, I should never Complaine in this manner ; but I 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 51 

confess I have still soe much zeal for the cause I have been soe 
long iinployed in, that I cannot be without Just Resentm" to 
the Grovernm* soe far sunk amongst us that we scarce have an 
appearance of it. But I have said enough, if not too much. 
We extremely long to hear from y e master y° Proprietor's full 
Recovery, concerning whom, if thou wouldst write oftner, it 
would be very acceptable to friends here. I am w th Respect, 
Thy faithfnll fri' 1 & Serv', 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO JOHN SALKELD. 

PHILAD ia , 13 th , 8 hr , 1714. 

Loving FFR d Jn° Salkeld. Understanding that Dan 1 Wil- 
liamson has complained to some p'sons, & among y e rest, I sup- 
pose, from what thou discoursed to I. N. when last in town; 
he has to thee also, I think it requisite for p'vention of Mis- 
takes to acquaint thee w lh what past. 

Daniel, I well knew of old, was always very willing to shew 
himself & his parts. He came to me on private business, he 
said, and I gave him an opportunity. What he had to say was 
that there was an Indian complained he had not rec'vd all his 
pav for his Land. I asked him what Indian, and what was his 
name. He told me he didn't know it. I asked him for what 
Land. He said it was some in Chester County, he believed, 
but know no further. I then asked him if that was his private 
business that he must call me aside upon, & told him very 
frankly my thoughts, viz: that he was a busy, meddling fellow, 
and again repeated it, that he was a busy, meddling, Hypocrit- 
ical fellow. He told me others would not say so. I desired 
him then to tell others that I said so, and if he had any better 
business he might goe about it.. If Daniel be offended w'" this I 
cannot help it. He knows that I know he richly deserves the 
last of these Characters from me, & the two others, I suppose, 
will need but little proof. In short nothing could be more idlo 
than to come to me w th a story he knew so little of, and which 
in it self is improbable in y e highest degree, viz: that there 
should now remain anything due to any of these Indians, and 
they, for so many years, take no manner of notice of it before. 
But if any p'son, whatsoever, endeavour to put troublesome 
notions into these poor People's heads they must expect to ac- 



52 PAPERS RELATING TO 

count for it. On the other hand, if they have any real cause 
of complaint, w ch is not easily to be Credited, they shall readily 
be heard. Pray lett this be seen where there may be occasion 
for it, from 

Thy real well wishing ffr' ! , 

J. LOGAN. 



GEORGE GILLESPIE TO SECRETARY LOGAN. 

Ap. 2, i7tf- 
Sir: It was agreed upon betwixt you and my Father-in-law 
that you should have '60 lb: new currency, payed in wheat or 
Flower, about the 20 day of Ap : now following in order to 
have . . . the Mortgage you have upon John Ogle's land. I de- 
sire that you may send w' u the Bearer of this line [ Abraham 
EmittJ an order to William Birny, or any person that Sloops 
from Christiana Bridge to Philadelphia, that they may receive 
the wheat or Flower from me, upon your account, and give 
them an order to give me receipts upon their receiving it upon 
your account. Iny e doing you will singularly oblige me. The 
reason why I demand this favour of you is, because what Flow- 
er or Wheat I am to receive for your payment comes into me 
from a great many hands. I suppose, just now, Sam : Pater- 
son and Nicholas Kalerdar are at Philadelphia w" 1 their Sloops. 
If you please you may give them an order. 

Sir, you must let me know what you will allow for Wheat 
and what for the Flower. The people that are to give me 
Wheat and Flower want to know what you will allow them. 
They are unwilling to part w ,h it otherwise to me. Therefore. 
1 desire that you may specify what you can allow, and in so 
doing they will bring in their wheat or Flower unto me upon 
your account, and that immediately, w" 1 out delay, at y e head 
of Christiana ('reek. 

Sir, I am, 

Your Soul's well wisher, 

GEORGE GILLESPIE. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 53 



JAMES LOGAN TO HANNAH PENN. 

Philad\ 27 ,h 2""\ 1710. 
Honoured M rs : The foregoing is a Copy of what I lately sent 
by way of Maryland, since which W. Keith, who, in" the Queen's 
time, came over Surveyor General of y e Customs for y° Southern 
district and had his Commission renewed under the King, but 
has since been superseded without any cause assigned, finding at 
New Castle, where he lately was, the Country's uneasiness under 
the present Gent, upon y° Remembrance of y e Prop' s , having 
long been his particular fr d , entered into a thought of endeav- 
ouring for this Goverm 1 , but resolved, as he tells us, not to make 
the least step Towards it without Consulting the Proprietors 
particular friends here. Accordingly, he dispatched a Messen- 
ger, in whom he could confide, to the Council, desiring our let- 
ter to you if we approved of the motion. The members in Town 
mett upon it, and having, from his first appearance here, gener- 
ally entertained a very favourable oppinion of his good sense, 
sweetness of disposition, and moderation in his former Post, 
unanimiously concurred, that tho' it would avail very little to 
have anything for us, yet it would, in all probability, be a great 
happiness to the Country, as well as security to your Interest, 
if it were Govern'd by a Person so qualified, and so much we 
have signified in a letter to thee, of which Inclosed is a Copy. 
We have heard of the Bill for uniting all Proprietary Goverm'* 
to the Crown being twice Read in the House of Commons last 
12"' mo lh , and are further sensible that some will reckon him 
disaffected to the present Goverm'. But he believes he has a 
very good Interest in the P. of Argyle & some other great men 
now in favour. However, after what we have wrote we have 
nothing to say further, only I have Cautioned him in a private 
letter that the Council's letter be not shewn to any others but 
those of your family, or such as are engaged in your business. 
For, should we fall under the imputation of a Jacobite there, 
and what we have wrote be known, it might be a disadvantage 
to us also, at least a, great advantage to y c present Govern", in 
rendering those who are dissatisfied with him as Jacob . . , 
than which nothing can be more false. But, as these distinc- 
tions cannot affect us who want nothing but Peace und r y' 
Crown of England, & have no Power either to advance or re- 
tard any Interest, all our views, or rather wishes, are to have 
a Person over us who may truly pursue the Interest of the 
Country. The Letter, we hope, when p r sented, will be left 
with thee. The Council meeting on this occasion thought it 



54 PAPERS RELATING TO 

would be further necessary to hint once more our sentiments 
of the danger your Interest may be in under this man. He 
certainly undervalues the Propriet" Right to y e Lower Coun- 
ties, and thinks himself so little concern 'd for his fr d3 as that he 
will not do so far in their favour as even Coll. Hunter, a Govern r 
immediately under the Crown, thinks himself in Justice obliged. 
But, for my own part, I hate the task, and think what has 
been said is sufficient. What is Chiefly to be Guarded against 
is this man's succeeding under the Crown, & I. Coutts not 
much less, if it prove true that he is a Candidate. 

I am, &c. , 

J. L. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO MRS. PENN AND MR GOLDNEY. 

PHILAD'\ 29 th 3 mo , 1717. 

HoN d M" H. Penn & Esteemed pr* H. Goldstey : 'Tis with 
the deepest Concern that I have very lately heard, by a hint 
from Coll. Coxe to his bro. -in-law, W m Trent, that y e D. of 
Southerland was lately to obtain the three lower Counties ; 
that you were making the utmost opposition, but that the 
matter was referr'd to y e Att. Gen 1 , and it was believed they 
would succeed. 

In two of my Letters, of the 4 th & 5 th m ths last, I mentioned 
K. Gordon to my mistress, and all that I could then understand 
of him. Two months after the latter of these, I heard that he 
had obtained of divers of the Tnhabit n,s Newc. Co ty , but from 
none of the Co tis of Kent & Sussex, an address to y e King concern- 
ing those 3 Co ties , w ch address I believed to be sign'd but by a 
very few, and that he had taken it w th him, but in this I was 
mistaken, for it was sent after him. The chief Managers & 
Promoters were some of his own Countreymen North of Tay, 

viz : George Ross, minister of Newcastle, & I 

never yet could procure a sight of y e address, Jasp. Yeates & Jno. 
French refused to be concern 'd in it, and on their acco ts many 
others, but I have great reason to complain, that seeing by their 
Refusal, they could not but be acquainted with it early enough, 
they did not apprize of it 'till by a Lett' of y e 30 th Aug 1 from J. 
Yeates, when all was finished & sent away, I had an acco' of 
it. The truth is that Co ,v had been rendered so very uneasy 
that it was difficult enough to stop the people from running on 
any measures. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 55 

Yet as I had for some time before alarm 'd you about J. 
Coutts, without any real ground for it, being misled by 2 Lett rS 
from J. Askew that expressly said it, and again wrote with 
great earnestness about the attempts from MaryP, w cb , yet by 
a happy accid' of a difference among themselves, came to noth- 
ing for that time. And as I believe it impossible that such a 
one as Gordon, that had but just dropt in amongst us, & was, 
in reality, a furious Jacobite, should be able to effect anything, 
so I was unwilling to alarm you further with a 1 usiness that I 
thought could never give you much trouble, if any at all. I 
mentioned it in those 2 Letters, and that, I believe, was as 
much as the matter required from me. Since it was not in my 
power to give any valuable assistance further than what I had 
said of the Title to those Counties in my state of the Claims of 
the two Proprietors, in which I omitted nothing that I knew 
relating to that subject, and this you had in your hands for 
some time before. 

Were my Lett" to the Prop lr himself, before I went for Engl 1 , 
to be viewed, it would be found how earnestly I continually 
press' d to have the title to those Counties clear' d. When in 
Engl' 1 I repeatedly, and on all prop, occasions, even to given a 
distaste, urged that this title should be made one of the Articles 
of Surrender ; and I was y c more earnest because I apprehended 
the Prop ,r himself was too secure in the matter, as not doubt- 
ing of it, and, therefore, applied his thoughts chiefly to the 
other parts of the Consideration for His surrender. But as I 
never yet could be satisfied (for I never could obtain a sight of 
it) that the Date of the Patent from K. Charles to the Duke, 
His Bro r , was prior to the date of the Deeds from the Duke to 
the Prop 7 , so I was constantly uneasy about the very foundation 
of the Titles, besides y e Reservation of one half y e Rents and 
profits out of y e greater part of the whole Tract. 

I hope 'tis only for this last Reservation that E. South erl' 1 
applies, and not for the whole on any defect in y e Title. If the 
Prop' himself were in health, I doubt not but He would easily 
divert this, and as it is, I hope you have found means to doe 
y e same. But if Providence has ordered it otherwise, it will be 
attended with many unhappy Consequences, besides y e Loss of 
y e estate. Yet I can scarce think it possible that, after 35 years 
quiet possession, under so many different Reigns, such a Grant 
from K. Ch. to y e Duke, & from Him to y e Prop r , with a Pat. 
from him, when K. James brought to y e seal, y e Restoration 
of y e Govm' of them also (tho' it depended solely on y e Title to 
y e soil) by K. W. & Qu. Mary after it had been taken away and 
putt into Coll. Fletcher hands for 2 years, the several approba- 
tions of Governours since, and the late Treaty of Surrender, 



•~>G PAPERS RELATING TO 

that all this should be sett a side to gratify a man for y" dis- 
charge of what he will own was but his Duty, is certainly a 
Procedure that y e p'sent King & Ministry could never be guilty 
of, for it must, in case it be found in their power, be accounted, 
in the mildest sense, extreamly severe & partial. Yet' tis cer- 
tain that the Industry & assurance of those bred in that Lati- 
tude of Gr. Britain, when they have gain in view, is difficulty 
match'd. Could I have apprehended so much danger from this. 
I should not have failed of giving all my thoughts upon it very 
fully, according to my custom, but I have mentioned y e rea- 
sons \v oh made me less form'd. I hope, by y e Cap' Annis's Arri- 
val, w ch has now been daily expected for some months, we shall 
be made easier by more certain acco ls , for that Gen 1 Lett rs whom 
1 nam'd at y e beginning of this, are not much depended on here. 

Upon the first acco' we had of this attempt from thence I wrote 
to H. Goldney via N. York & gave an acco 1 of Gordon with some 
warmth. One of his greatest Intimates when here has since 
given me some reason to believe he was not in the Pretender s 
service, tho' much his fr' 1 . But I am now assured he joyned 
with the new Prophet, in Scotland, and that he was the person 
who took down in Shorthand that whole Book of James Cun- 
ingham's, called warnings of the Eternal Spirit, as he deted them 
in Edenbooro Prison. His mother also is a noted Prophetess 
amongst them, but without regard to y e Kingdom of Heaven, 
Justice, or Hon r this world, it seems,is still nearest,and ever by a 
jealous Jacobite a Grant from K. Geo : is worth contending for. 

I never mett with any acco 1 that gave me greater trouble than 
this, even while I still believe there is room to hope better, and, 
indeed, should it prove otherwise, I shall scarce bear to live in 
y e Countrey, if I could find means to remove, but I must wait 
with Patience. I hope it will please God to show more mercy 
to y e afflicted family. 

I have divers times mentioned that a sum mightbe raised by 
sale of about a thous d acres of near Philad a , for w ch J. Dickin- 
son would pay in Lond n 1200 Ib * ster 1 at two paym 1 , but AY. Penn, 
claiming an Interest in the mannors by a prior settlem', & dis- 
charged us from meddling with them, we cannot think fitt to 
agree without very express & positive ord rs . I am with sincere 
respect, 

yo r faithful serv 1 & friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 57 



JAMES LOO AN TO HENRY OOLDNEY. 

30"' 3""> d- 1" 4'"", 1718. 

Esteemed Friend : The business of an agent having been 
earnestly recommended to y e Assembly, they yesterday voted 
lf;O lbi of our money for that service, w ch is intended for one year. 

Thou hast here inclosed a minute of Council for it under the 
seal, w ch will speak for it self, & by it thou wilt find y e care of 
the appointm' is devolved principally upon thee by the GrOV r & 
Council, to whom y e Assembly has left it. As for y e salary, 
Virg a & Maryland pay but one hund d pounds Sterl. each, there- 
fore 'tis thought y e same sum of our money, or 75" ,s Sterl., 
equivalent to it, will be sufficient for us. The Oov r , I suppose, 
will write more fully, as well of the necessity there is for sucb 
an appointm' without delay as of y e qualifications of y e Oentle- 
man, one of w' h is that he be not a man in Trade, but particu- 
larly that he be a person who will impartially Consider and act 

for y e Interest of ye Country & of our as a 

people. 

I should not have omitted to speak to y' Remittance of the 
money ordered by y e Assembly. It will scarce be received, I 
believe, before ye fall, at soonest, yet will be sure, I suppose. 
It may, therefore, be necessary to advance what will be want- 
ing for y e charges of negotiating our affairs out of the money 
in thy hands and for y e agent's allowance; he, 'tis believed, 
will stay till towards y e end of y c year, when due care will be 
taken of it. 

Thine, 

J. L. 



HANNAH PENN'S DISPOSITION. 



VI Penny 
Stamp 



VI Penny VI Penny| 
Stamp j Stamp j 



Francis Eyre, of Cecil street, in the Strand, in the County 
of Middlesex, Gentleman, maketh Oath and sayth : That he 
was formerly, for about seven years, Clerk to Ferdinando 
John Paris, of Surry street, in the Strand aforesaid, Gentleman, 



58 PAPERS RELATING TO 

lately deceased, during all which Time the said Ferdinando 
John Paris acted as Solicitor for Thomas Penn and Richard 
Penn, Esquires, in their Cause or suit in the Court of Chancery 
against the late Lord Baltimore, deceased, relating to the 
Boundarys of the Provinces of Pensilvania and Maryland, in 
America, which Cause was heard before the late Lord Chancel- 
lor Hardwicke, on or about the Fifteenth day of May, one thou- 
sand seven hundred and fifty, whilst this Deponent was Clerk 
to the said Ferdinando John Paris, and this Deponent was 
present at such Hearing, when the Decree in the said Cause of 
Penn against Baltimore was pronounced, and great numbers 
of Exhibits were read at the Hearing of such Cause on the part 
of the said Thomas Penn and Richard Penn, and this Depon- 
dent afterwards attended at the Register's Office, to draw up 
and settle the said Decree, and this Deponent further sayth, 
that upon the Death of the said Ferdinando John Paris, which 
happened some time in December last, this Deponent had given 
to him, by Mrs. Elizabeth Gough, sole Executrix and Residuary 
Devisee and Legatee of the said Ferdinando John Paris, the 
Care of all the Papers of the said Ferdinando John Paris's 
Clients, among which were those of the said Thomas Penn and 
Richard Penn, one of whom lately applyed to this Deponent 
to search among their papers for a certain Deed of Appoint, 
ment of their Mother, Hannah Penn. bearing date sometime 
in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighteen ; and 
accordingly, upon a search among their papers, this Deponent 
found the same, and observed by the Indorsement thereon 
that the same had been proved by one of the subscribing wit- 
nesses thereto in the said Cause of Penn and Baltimore, arid 
upon inspecting the said Decree, this Deponent found that the 
same had been read at the said Hearing also; and this De- 
ponent, finding only one original part of the said Deed, and 
the said Thomas Penn and Richard Penn, wanting to transmit 
the same or some authentick proof thereof to America, this De- 
ponent, fearing accidents to the said Deed, did dissuade the 
said Thomas Penn from sending the same, but to send an au- 
thentick Copy thereof, and of the Indorsment thereon; And 
this Deponent sayeth that the Paper writing hereunto annexed, 
marked A, is a true Copy of the said original Deed of the eigh- 
teenth day of November, 1718, and of all the Indorsements 
thereon ; and this Deponent doth verily believe that the name, 
Hannah Penn, sett and subscribed near the seal there, as the 
name of the Party executing the same Deed, appears to this 
Deponent to be a true and genuine name, and bears all the ap- 
pearance of age that the Deed itself do's ; and that the Names 
Lucy Davis, P. Clement, John Page, severally sett and sub- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 59 

scribed as witnesses to the execution of the said original Deed, 
in such manner as the same now appear thereto, are also sever- 
ally true and genuine names, and bear severally the appear- 
ance of age that the Deed itself do's. And this Deponent, for 
the greater authenticity of the said annexed Copy of the said 
Deed, hath examined the said annexed Copy of the said Deed, 
from the said original Deed, with Theodore Maurice and 
William Thomson ****** shortly intended for a voy- 
age to Pensilvania, and hath, in their presence, also Compared 
the same with the said original Deed, and found the same in 
all things to be a true Copy. 

And this Deponent also further saith,that the other paper 
writing hereunto annexed, marked B, purporting to be a Copy 
of the examinatian of John Page, one of the witnesses to the 
said Deed, is a true Copy of such examination, taken and ex- 
amined by this Deponent, from the authentick Office Copy of 
the Dispositions in the said cause of Penn and Baltimore, now 
in this Deponent's custody. 

FRA 3 EYREY. 
Sworn the 12 th Day of February, 1760, before me in London. 

THO. CHITTY, Mayor. 

A. 

To All to whom these Presents shall come, I, Hannah Penn, 
widow and Relict of William Penn, Esquire, dece'd, late chief 
Proprietor and Governor of the Province of Pensilvania, in 
America, send Greeting : Whereas, the said William Penn, by 
his last will and Testament in writing, duly signed, sealed, 
and published by him, among other things Devised his Lands 
and Hereditam 13 in America in the words or to the effect follow- 
ing (that is to say) : I Give and Devise to my dear wife, Han- 
nah Penn, and her Father, Thomas Callowhill, and to my good 
friends, Margaret Lowther.my dear sister,and to Gilbert Heath- 
cot, Physitian, Samuel Waldenfield, John Field, and Henry 
Gouldney, all living in England, and to my Friends, Samuel 
Carpenter, Richard Hill, Isaac Norris Samuel Preston and 
James Logan living in or near Pensilvania, and their Heirs, all 
my Lands, Tenaments, and Hereditaments whatsoever Rents, 
and other Profits,situate, lying, and being in Pensilvania, and 
the Territories thereunto belonging,or elsewhere, in America, 
upon Trust that they shall sell and dispose of so much thereof 
as shall be sufficient to pay ail my Just Debts, and, from and 
after payment thereof,shall convey unto each of the three Chil- 
dren of my son Wiliain Penn, Gulielma Maria, Springett, and 
William respectively,and to their respective Heirs, ten thousand 



00 PAPERS RELATING TO 

acres of Land in some proper and beneficial places, to be set out 
by my Trustees aforesaid. All the rest of my Lands and Here- 
, dits whatsoever,scituate,lying,and being in America, I will that 
my said Trustees shall convey to and amongst my Children, 
which I have by my present wife,in such proporcon and for such 
estates as my said wife shall think fitt. But, before such Con- 
veyance shall be made to my Children, I will that my said 
Trustees shall convey to my Daughter Aubrey, whom I omitted 
to name before, ten Thousand acres of my said Lands in such 
Places as my said Trustees shall think fitt, and by a writing s all 
of the said Testator's own hand writing, written under his said 
will, the said William Penn, the Testator,gave to me, the said 
Hannah Penn, three hundred pounds per annum for my natural 
Life, out of his Rents of America,Vi/-' : in Pensilvania,for my 
care and charge over his Children in their Education, as by the 
said will and writing, written under the same Relation, being 
thereunto had, may appear. And whereas, since the making 
the said will the said Thomas Callow hill, Samuel Waldenfield, 
and Samuel Carpenter are Dead. Now, Know Ye, that I, the 
said Hannah Penn, in pursuance of the Power given me by the 
said will, and all other Powers which I have or am invested 
with relating to the premises in America aforesaid, Do, by these 
presents, direct and appoint all the rest and residue of the 
Lands. Tenements, and Hereditaments whatsoever, and of the 
Rents and other Profits of them, late of the said William Penn, 
dece'd, lying and being in Pensilvania aforesaid, and the Ter- 
ritories there unto belonging, or elsewhere, in America, that 
shall remain after the Provisions in the said will for the said 
three Children of the said William Penn, the son, and convey- 
ances made to them thereof according to the said will, and after 
a conveyance made to the said Letitia Aubrey, the Daughter 
of the said William Penn, my said late Husband, dece'd, accord- 
ing to his said will, and after the payment of three hundred 
pounds per annum to myself , according to the said writing under 
written the said will, and subject, nevertheless, to the debts of 
the said William Penn, dece'd, according to his said will, shall 
be conveyed in manner following, that is to say, three full and 
equal parts of such rest and residue in six equal parts, to be 
divided of and in All that the Country or Province in America, 
called Pensilvania, which was granted by his Majesty King 
Charles the second to the said William Penn, dece'd, and his 
Heirs,and three full and equal six parts of all Lands, Tenements 
and Heraditaments whatsoever, Rents, and other profits, late of 
the said William Penn, dece'd, within or part of the said Coun- 
try or Province, called Pensilvania, shall be conveyed by the 
said Trustees for the Time being, and the survivor of them, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 61 

and the Heirs and assigns of such survivor, To and to the use 
of John Penn, my Eldest son, by the said William Perm, dece'd, 
and of the heirs and assigns of the said John Penn, so that my 
said son, John Penn, his Heirs and assigns, shall and may hold 
and enjoy the same three sixths parts to his and their own pro- 
per use for ever. And as to the remaining three sixth parts of 
the same Country or province, called Pensilvania, and of all 
Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments whatsoever, Rents, and 
other Profits, lying or being within the same, I Doe Direct and 
appoint that the same three sixth parts shall, by the said Trus- 
tees for the Time being, and the survivor of them, and the 
Heirs and assigns of such survivor, be Conveyed to and to the 
use of my three other younger children by the said William 
Penn, deceased, (that is to say,) Thomas Penn, Richard Penn, 
and Dennis Penn, my said three younger children, and their 
Heirs and assigns, as Joynt Tenants, for ever use that my said 
three younger children, Thomas Penn, Richard Penn, and Den- 
nis Perm, and their Heirs and assigns, as Joynt Tenants, shall 
and may hold and enjoy the same three sixth parts to them and 
their Heirs as joint Tenants forever, And as to all the rest, and 
residue that shall remain, after conveyances to the Children of 
William Penn, the son, and to the said Letitia Aubrey,, of All 
that Tract of Land in America, late of the sard William Penn, 
my late Husband deceased, adjoining to Pensilvania, afore- 
said, and comonly called, the three Lower Counties ; and all 
Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments whatsoever ; Rents, 
and other profits, late of the said William Penn, my said late 
Husband, in the said three lower Counties, or in East and West 
Jersey, or elsewhere in America; subject also as aforesaid to 
the debts of the said Testator, and to my said three hundred 
pounds, per annum. I Doein Me manner, Direct, Limit, and ap- 
point, that three full and equal parts, the whole into six equal 
parts to be divided, be by the said Trustees for the Time being, 
and the survivor of them, and the Heirs, and assigns of such 
survivor conveyed to and to the use of my said eldest son, John 
Penn, and of his Heirs aird assigns, and so tlrat my said son John 
Penn, his Hens and assigns hold and enjoy the said three sixth 
parts last mentioned, to his and their own proper use for ever; 
Ami as to the remaining three sixth parts of all, and every the 
said last mentioned Tract of Land, called the Lower Counties, 
and other the last mentioned premises: Doe hereby Direct, and 
appoint, that the same three sixth parts, shall by the Trustees, 
for the Time being, and the survivor of them, and the Heirs 
and assigns of such survivor be Conveyed to, and to the use of 
my said three younger children, by the said William Penn 
deed, (that is to say) Thomas Penn, Richard Penn, and Dennis 



62 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Perm and their Heirs and assigns as Joynt Tenants for ever, so 
that my said three younger Children, Thomas Penn, Richard 
Penn, and Dennis Penn, and their Heirs and assigns, as Joynt 
Tenants, shall and may hold, and enjoy the same, three sixth 
parts forever; Provided always, and In case my said son, John 
Penn, his Heirs, or assigns, Doe not well and truly pay, or 
caused to be paid unto my Daughter, Margaret Penn, the sum 
of fifteen hundred pounds, at her marriage, or age of one and 
twenty years, which shall iirst, and next happen, after such 
Conveyance to him as aforesaid, or he or they, shall come into 
the possession of the premises, so appointed to be Conveyed to 
him, and them as aforesaid ; Then and in such case, I Doe 
hereby Direct, and appoint, to and for my said Daughter Mar- 
garett, and her Heirs, one full and equall third part, of the 
proportion and share of All, and every the Lands, Tenements, 
Hereditaments, Rents and premises, which I have herein be- 
fore directed, Limitted, and appointed, to be Conveyed unto 
or to and for the use of my said son John and his Heirs ; Pro- 
vided alwayes and this present appointment is upon this Con- 
dition : And I doe hereby Reserve to myself, full power and 
authority,at any time hereafter, until Conveyances be actually 
executed, and pursuant to this appointment, by any writing 
under my Hand and seal, executed in the presence of two or 
more credible witnesses,to alter or revoke,and disannul! all or 
any of the appointments by me 'made as aforesaid, and by the 
same writing, to make any other appointments,as to me shall 
seem meet of all or any part of the premises,so by me appointed 
as aforesaid,anything herein contained to the contrary thereof, 
in any wise notwithstanding. In Witness whereof, The said 
Hannah Penn, have hereunto sett my hand and seal, this eigh- 
teenth day of November, in the fifth year of the Reign of our 
Sovereign, Lord George, by the Grace of God, of Great Brit- 
tain, ffrance, and Ireland; King, defender of the, ffaith, 
annoq Dm e , 1718. 

HANNAH PENN. [l. s. ] 

Sealed and delivered (being first legally stampt) in the pre- 
sence of Lucy Davis, 
P. Clement, 
John Page. 
This parchment writing was shewn to John Page, Gentl. , at 
the Time of hi ; exaicon, taken in Chancery on behalf of John 
Penn and others Esq", Compl ts , ag l Charles Calvert, Esq r , Lord 
Baltimore in the Kingdom of Ireland Deft. 

EDW. NORTHEY by J. P. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS 63 

B. 

John Page of Rustin Fryars, London, Gentleman, aged sixty 
years and upwards, being produced as a witness on the part 
and behalf of the Complainants in this Cause, was, on the 
fourth day of June, in the year of our Lord Ofod one thousand 
seven hundred and forty two, shewn, in person at the seat of 
Mr. Blissett, who is the Clerk that deals for the defendant, in 
the Title of the Interrogatory® named fay Mr. Burgis, one of 
the sworn Clerks in my office, who then also left a Note of the 
Name, Title, and place of abode of the said Deponent at the 
seat aforesaid, and afterwards on the same day and year the 
said Deponent being sworn and examined Deposeth and Saith. 

1. To the first Interrogatory that he knows the Complainants 
and hath known them from near the times of their respective 
Births, and as he has seen the Defendant and this Deponent, well 
knew William Penn, Esquire, and Hannah his wife, the Com- 
plainants late Father and Mother, both now deceased in their 
respective lifetimes, and first knew the said William Penn in 
or before the year one thousand seven hundred and five, and 
the said Hannah his wife sometime after that year, and the 
said William Penn died in or about the year one thousand seven 
hundred and eighteen, and the said Hannah survived him 
several years, but when she died he cannot say and believes the 
Complainants had a brother named Dennis, but this Deponent 
do's not particularly remember him, nor can more materially 
depose to this Interrogatory. 

3 1. To the thirty-first Interrogatory, this Deponent saith, 
that he has known the Complainants from near the times of 
their respective Births, and saith, that when he first knew 
their said Father, he was clerk to Mr. Herbert Springett, since 
deceased the said Complainant's Father, then Attorney or 
Solicitor, and this Deponent was, sometime, the said Mr. 
Springett 's Partner, and was afterwards, with the said Mr. 
Springett, employed by the said Complainant's Father, as his 
Attorney or solicitor, and by these means, this Deponent came 
to know the Complainants ; and this Deponent saith that he 
cannot, of his own knowledge, say whether the Complainant, 
John Penn, was born in Europe or Pensilvania; but this De- 
ponent believes that both he and the other Complainants were 
born in England, and saith he verily believes that all the said 
Complainants were in England, (if they were all then born,) 
when this Deponent first knew their said Father, and that they 
lived in England during all his life time, and for many after ; 
and this Deponent never knew or heard, nor has he any reason 
to believe, that the said Complainants, or any of them, ever went 



64 PAPERS RELATING TO 

to Pensilvania. or any part of America. from his first knowledge 
of them, as aforesaid, at any time before the Month of May. one 
thousand seven hundred and thirty two, and really believes 
they, or any of them, did not go thither before that Time ; and, 
in Case they had, he verily he should have known or heard 
thereof, for this Deponent well knew the said compl ts during 
their said Father's lifetime, and, after his Death, this De- 
ponent was concerned for them, as their sollicitor, in a suit 
brought in the Court of Exchequer, for Establishing their said 
Father's will, which said suit lasted several years, and this De- 
ponent also did other Business for them, at Times, down to 
the said year one thousand seven hundred and thirty two, or 
thereabouts, as he best remembers ; upon which occasions this 
Deponent frequently saw and heard of, or from, the said Com- 
plainants; and this Deponent is, further, induced to depose as 
aforesaid, because that to his best remembrance, it is about, 
or near upon, ten years since the Complainant, Thomas, went 
to Pensilvania, and, as this Deponent understood, and believes, 
it was the first time that any of the Penns had been there, dur- 
ing this Deponent's said knowledge of them, as aforesaid, and 
more saitli not to this Interrogatory. 

32. To the thirty second Interrogatory, this Deponent saith 
that to his best remembrance, the said William Penn, the Com- 
plainant's Father, died in the year one thousand seven hun- 
dred and eighteen, leaving Issue: seven children and three 
Grandchildren, as this Deponent believes, and saith ; the said 
William Penn left only one son, (besides a Daughter, ) by his 
first wife, named William, and by his second wife, he left four 
sons, (besides a Daughter,) the Complainants, John, Thomas, 
and Richard, and their Brother, Dennis, since deceased, as 
this Deponent believes, and saith ; he well knew William Penn, 
Junior, the son of the said William Penn the Complainant's 
Father, by his said first wife, and he died several years since, 
in Germany, as this Deponent has heard, and believes, leaving 
Issue, at the time of his Death, three children, to wit : Springett 
Penn, William Penn, and Guliema Maria, who, this Deponent 
believes, were born at, or soon after, their said Grandfather's 
death ; and saith he knew the said Springett Penn, and he died 
several years since, in Ireland, as this Deponent has heard, and 
believes, without having been ever married, or having any 
lawful Issue, as this Deponent verily believes ; and, upon his 
Death, his Brother, William Penn, became his Heir at Law, 
as, also, Heir at Law to the said William Penn, the Complain- 
ant's late Father, as this Deponent verily believes, and more 
saith not to this Interrogatory. 

37. To the thirty seventh Interrogatory this Deponent saith 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 65 

that he hath looked upon the seven several Deeds or Parchment 
writings now produced and shown to him at this, the time of 
his Examination, bearing date respectively the sixth and 
seventh days of October, one tnousand seven hundred and 
eight, the eighteenth day of November, one thousand seven 
hundred and eighteen, the fifth day of July, one thousand seven 
hundred and twenty seven, the thirteenth and fourteenth days 
of January, one thousand seven hundred and Twenty nine, 
and the eighth day of May, one thousand seven hundred and 
thirty two, and saith he was present as a witness, and did see 
the said produced Deeds of the sixth and seventh of October, 
one thousand seven hundred and eight, signed, sealed, and de- 
livered by William Penn, Esquire, (the Complainant's late 
Father, ) and William Penn, Junior, two of the parties thereto 
respectively, and did see the said William Penn, Esquire, sign 
the four Receipts Indorsed on the said produced deed of the 
seventh of October, one thousand seven hundred and eight ; 
and this Deponent was also present as a witness, and did see the 
said produced Deed of the eighteenth of November, one thou- 
sand seven hundred and eighteen, signed, sealed, and delivered 
by Hannah Penn, Widow, the Complainant's late Mother, and 
this Deponent was also present as a witness, and did see the 
said produced Deed of the nth of July, one thousand seven hun- 
dred and twenty seven, signed, sealed, and delivered by the 
Complainants, John, Thomas, and Richard Penn, and by Mar- 
garetta Penn and Thomas Freame, five of the parties thereto, 
and did also see the Deed Poll of the Twelfth of February, one 
thousand seven hundred and thirty one, Indorsed on the said 
last mentioned Deed, signed, sealed, and Delivered by the said 
Thomas Freame and Margaretta, his wife, .and did also see the 
said Thomas Freame sign the Receipt under wrote the said 
Deed Poll, and was also present as a witness, and did see the said 
produced deeds of the thirteenth and fourteenth of January, 
one thousand seven hundred and twenty-nine, signed, sealed, 
and delivered by Joshua G-ee and John Woods, two of the par- 
ties thereto respectively, and the said last mentioned Deed of 
the fourteenth of January, one thousand seven hundred and 
twenty nine, signed, sealed, and delivered by the Complainants, 
John, Thomas, and Richard Penn, and also by Thomas Freame 
and Margaretta, his wife, the other parties there to, and was 
also present as a witness, and did see the said Complainants, 
John, Thomas, and Richard Penn, sign, seal, and deliver the 
said produced Deed of the eighth of May, one thousand seven 
hundred and thirty two, and this Deponent saith that,in Testi- 
mony of the sealing and delivery of each of the said produced 
* 5— Vol. VII. 



66 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Deeds and of the said Indorsed Deed Poll of the twelfth of 
February, one thousand seven hundred and thirty one, and 
of the signing the several receipts aforesaid by the respective 
parties hereinbefore named, he did Indorse his name on each 
of the said produced Deeds, and sett or subscribe his name to 
the said Indorsed Deed Poll, and also to the several Receipts 
aforesaid, as one of the witnesses thereto respectively and saith 
the Names of the respective Parties aforesaid, set to the said 
respective Deeds, Indorsed Deed Poll, and Receipts, as the 
parties executing the same respectively, are of the said parties' 
own hands writing severally and respectively, and the name, 
John Page sett as one of the witnesses thereto respectively, is 
of this Deponent's hand writing, and more saith not'to this In- 
terrogatory. 

40. To the fortieth Interrogatory, this Deponent saith, that 
he was well acquainted with the said William Penn, the Com- 
plainant "s Father, from sometime in or before the year one 
thousand seven hundred and five 'till his Death, and had op- 
portunities of being well acquainted with his circumstances 
and affairs, which were in a bad Condition ; and this Deponent 
Can depose the same, because that he was employed by the 
said William Penn, as his Attorney or Sollicitor, from in or 
about the year one thousand seven hundred and seven till his 
Death, and knows that the said William Penn was a prisoner 
in the Fleet Prison from in or about Hillary Term, one thou- 
sand seven hundred and seven, to about October, one thousand 
seven hundred and eight, at the suit of Mr. Townsend and 
others, for a Debt of above twelve thousand pounds, owing 
from the said William Penn, upon a Mortgage of Pensilvania, 
and it was with a great deal of difficulty that the said William 
Penn raised money for discharging the same ; and, this De- 
ponent saith, that when he first knew the said William Penn, 
he, the said William Penn, was possessed of and Intitled to a 
considerable Real Estate, both in England and Ireland, but he 
did not dye possessed of or Intitled to all the said Real Estates ; 
for, that, in or about the year one thousand seven hundred and 
seven, the said William Penn sold part of the said Real Estate, 
in England, of a Considerable yearly value, situate at Worm- 
inghurst, in Sussex, to James Butler, Esquire, since deceased, 
and, sometime afterwards, as this Deponent believes, (as to the 
time,) the said William Penn sold a Considerable part of his said 
Real Estate, in Ireland, (in which, this Deponent believes, his 
said son William Joyned with him, ) to the then Sollicitor Gen- 
eral of Ireland Mr. Bernard, and this Deponent was Concerned 
for the said William Penn in the said sales, which, this Depo- 
nent believes, were made by him for raising money to pay his 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 67 

Debts; and this Deponent saith, that he has heard in the 
ffamily, and believes, that, before this Deponent's said know- 
ledge of him, he, the said William Penn, had sokl or Mortgaged 
some Considerable Estates, in England, which were his first 
wife s Inheritance, for raising money to enable him to Carry 
on the Plantation of his said Province of Pensilvania,and more 
saith not to this Interrogatory. 

To the last Interrogatory, this Deponent saith, that he can- 
not, to the best of his Remembrance more materially Depose 
than he has already done. 

Examin d 11 Feb., 1760. 

THEODORE MAURICE. 
WILL. THOMPSON. 
(Indorsed:) 

No. 39. 18 Nov r , 1718. Mrs. Penn's Appointment. 

Jn° Page, Lib. A, fo. 174. Int. 37, fo. 184, 186, &c. 



Mrs. Hannah Penn's Disposition. 

[\8' h Noif, 1718.] 
To all to whom these Presents shall come, I, Sir Thomas 
Chitty, Knight, Lord Mayor of the City of London, do hereby 
certify that on the day of the date hereof, personally came and 
appeared before me Francis Eyre, of Cecil Street, in the Strand, 
in the County of Middlesex, Gentleman, being a person well 
known and worthy of good Credit, and did by solemn oath, 
which he took upon the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God, 
solemnly declare, testify, and depose to be true, the several 
matters and things contained in the affidavit hereunto annexed. 
In Faith and Testimony whereof I, the said Lord Mayor, 
have caused the seal of the office of Mayoralty of the said City 
of London to be hereunto put and affixed, and the two Paper 
Writings marked A and B, mentioned in the said affi- 
[seal] davit, to be also hereunto annexed. Dated in Lon- 
don, the twelfth day of February, in the thirty third 
year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George the Second, 
by the Grace of God King of Great Britain, France, and Ire- 
land, Defender of the Faith, and in the year of our Lord one 
thousand seven hundred and sixty. 

HODGES. 



68 PAPERS RELATING TO 



JAMES LOGAN TO S. CLEMENT. 

Philad", 5'* May, 1719. 

Esteemed Friend : Two days ago I was favoured with thine 
of the G" 1 of March ^ Cap' Armis, as I had been before w th thy 
former of y e 30" 1 of 10 hr , which I notified last week by a vessel 
bound to Bristol, to H. Goldney. But I shall now acquaint thy 
self that. 

On y e 26 lh , by Capt. Crawford directly from London, (by 
whom we had not one Line from any Person concerned on y e 
part of y e Widdow or Trustees,) Our Govern r Coll" Keith, rec d 
from W. Penn a Commission, Very handsomely Drawn, w"> suit- 
able Directions, to be his Deputy or Lieuten 1 in y e Governm 1 
of this Province & y e Counties of New Castle, Kent, & Sussex 
upon Delaware, in which he stiles himself, after his Father's 
example, True & absolute Propriety & Govern r in chief of y e 
same, and affixes to them a very handsome new cut seal, very 
nearly y e same w lh his Father's lesser Provincial one. He lias 
favoured me, also, w tb such another Commission to be Secre- 
tary. 

In the first of these Instructions He orders y e Gover r to call 
the Council! and publish y c said Commission & his accession to 
y e Goverm 1 in y c most decent manner. 

The Assembly of y e Province declining to proceed on Business 
'till we could have further advices from Britain, had rose y e very 
evening before y e s d ship arrived, with a promise from y e Govern r 
to be called again when any such advices came. Hereupon, y e 
Councill advised y° Govern r immediately to call y e Assembly, & 
accordingly they are to meet to morrow. 

On their meeting, y e Govern r designs to lay before them that 
Commission, as also y e Copy & Probate of y e late Propriet rs 
Will w th thy Letter to me, and believing y' nothing is more his 
Duty, or incumbent on him, than to preserve Tranquillity, 
Peace & Unity among y e People, resolves to govern himself by 
y e joint advice of y e Council] and Assembly. 

One point of moment to be considered is : That the Clause 
in the act of Assembly, which continues our Govern™ powers, 
does it only 'till further orders from Her Ma' ie , Her Heirs or 
Successors, or y e Heirs of y e said Propriety & Qovern r in Chief, 
which shall first happen. These are the words of it. 

Now, this Commission coining from y e undoubted Heir at 
Law, 'tis apprehended that, if it be not accepted, we shall have 
no Power at all of Governm 1 amongst us. If this be so judged, 
it may have considerable weight. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 6!) 

The Council & Assembly will undoubedly act according to 
the best of their understandings in y e Case, without any byass 
or partiality, but it is certainly a very nice and delicate point 
to manage. You shall be duly acquainted, as opportunitys 
offer, what measures are taken. 

But whatever those prove, 'tis our opinion here that they 
will by no means affect those in whom the Right shall be found 
to be Invested. 

With these Commissions (w ch I should have mentioned be- 
fore) were transmitted to us the opinions of Fra. Annesly, Esq r , 
Jo. Hungerford, & G. Savage, Councell' 3 at Law, who all say 
the Governm 1 is in the Heir only, and he himself assures us y' 
his mother's Council, Raymond & others, give up that point. 
But,if we can,w th safety use some suspence,it would doubtless 
be y e Country's choice so to do, 'till y e matter be fully deter- 
mined there. He further adds that y e trustee L ds refuse to act. 

The Land Office & Quitr ts have been out of my hands, So in 
James Steel's managem 1 for these 5 years past, but I shall order 
those Acco ts thou desires to be Drawn out as soon as they can 
be done. 

I write this in too great a hurry, as will appear in some parts 
of it, by a Person bound to Cork, & thence to Bristol. I can 
write to nobody else there, for w ch , I hope, I shall be held ex- 
cused. I am, with Duty and respect to my Mistress, thy Niece. 
Respect to thyself & Henrv Goldney. 
Thy assured Friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO S. CLEMENT. 

PHlLAD ia , 13'* May, 1719. 

Esteemed Friend : Since my last of y e 6 Inst, of w ch a Copy is 
in y e other side, Our Assembly met and, after 3 Days sitting, 
presented an Address to the Govern', of w ch & of y e minute of 
Councill thereupon, advising the Govern r to defer the Publica- 
tion of W. P's Commission, Mrs. Penn has Copy's from himself. 
Yet you may observe that this Advice is grounded chiefly on 
y e Assembly's address, without yv cb y e Commission had doubt- 
less taken place immediately, for y e reasons mentioned in part 
of my foregoing. 

Considering y e first Settlem' of this Colony, under y e late 



70 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Proprietor, 'tis but reasonable to imagine that the People 
would still desire to be Governed by a Branch & Descendant 
of the same Family, and 'tis owing solely to that Gentleman's 
own unhappy conduct that they do not shew a strong Biass in 
his favour ; but, it is y e desire of y c greater part, that you would 
settle y e matter by an Amicable agreem', as proposed. How- 
ever, if he takes one further step, unless y° Crown interpose, 
(w cb seems not improbable, )there will appear a necessity here of 
Acting by his Commission. In the mean time, Co" Keith has 
a very difficult point to manage, but, to avoid giving Offence 
to either side, (tho\ p'haps, he may give it, by this means, to 
both,) he designs to act intirely by advice of y e Council & As- 
sembly. 

&T In answer to those two points thou desires me to satisfy 
thee in, I must observe, that I, formerly w Ul great pains and 
Labour, made Rent-Roils for this Province & y e County of New- 
castle, w tU an Estimate for Kent & Sussex, w ch I sent over to y e 
Proprietor, in y e year 1706, and may easily be met w lh in his 
Closet, where I saw them, when last over. These Quitr' s may 
be encreased to about 50 or £60 Sterll. more "$ annum ; But y e 
lower Counties, since their Titles have been so openly disputed, 
have entirely declined paying any thing, and, 'till a full settle- 
ment, will never be compell'd to it with out an armed force, un- 
less all their arrears, w ch are very great.be wholly remitted to 
them. 

The Govern r has no certain Proffits, besides the Grants of 
Assembly, except y e Pees for Licences to publick Houses, 
amounting to 60 or £70, or, p'haps, somewhat better ^ an. and 
some Perquisites from Registers & Lettpasses for shipping, of w ch 
two last many complain as an Imposition, but they have been 
taken for several years. There are, sometimes, some other small 
Incidents, of w ch no estimate can be made, but, upon y e whole 
y e Government will be worth a Thousand pounds of our money 
a year to a Person who will manage well, & so much our present 
Govern r has made of it, and spends it as handsomely, No Man in 
y e Lieutenancy having so well supported the Dignity of a Gov- 
ern r as he. 

I am, w tu respect, as before. 

Thy Assured Friend, 

JAMES LOGAN. 

I ought to write to my Mrs Penn, but can say nothing more 
than I have done here. The Inclosed has lain too Long unsent. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 71 



GEORGE DAKEYNE TO JAMES LOGAN. 

Newcastle, May y e 12 th , 1720. 
Loving Master : This morning the sheriff hath served me 
w th a writt of ejectment about Falconer. I was in hopes you 
had stoped his proceedings, being it had Lyen still a consider- 
able time, but now he hath begun again, and I expect nothing 
but to be turned out, if not this court the next at the utmost. 
Now soe it is, I understand, he oweth you about three or 4 
times what I owe to him ; if you would be pleased to take the 
houses and Lotts and the six acres of marsh the whole mort- 
gage, into your hands and Let me have some time to Dispose 
of the house and Lots, (that is, 6 months,) I would save the 
marsh and 60 pounds at Least to buy me another Lott. Wil- 
liam Battle hath offered me money for it, and George Rosse, 
our minister, hath spoaken to Coll. French to get it for him ; 
and beg the favour you'll be pleased, att Last, to help me in 
this Great extremity. If it should fall into your hands soe that 
I neither sold it nor could not Redeem it, it would be no bad 
bargain on your side, for the Lotts and Marsh are better worth 
then 200 pounds. I had rather you had them than any other, 
and would Give you the offer before any body, but pray stop 
him att present and I will endeavour to make the best at a 
bad market, and will not sell nor Dispose of them but as you 
shall think convenient. I have got more money this spring 
with surveying than I have got in two years before, and if I 
could have but imploy for one year as I have had I would clear 
all business ; but I goe by the name of survey 1- of New castle 
county, but what Sherman below and Isaac Taylor above, they 
leave me nothing but a little about Newcastle. Nay, and am 
Daly threatened to be turned out there also, but am of opinion 
soe Long as you sit at the helm and I capable to act I shall not 
be turned out. I have often thought to give you some notice 
of M r Sherman at Duch Creeke, to beware of him, for some 
Reasons that I shall give, viz : I suppose you cannot but have 
heard how the Lord Baltimore's agents have offered me large 
money to give them a Draught of the County of New Castle : 
and Joseph England, by name, in Newcastle town, abused me 
very much for being an enemy to my self in not takeing their 
money, and s a very often he would have Done it if he could. 
However, he could find a man that could doe it, and one that 
should Doe it. I pressed him to Declare who in Newcastle 
county could Doe it besides myself. At last he named Slier- 



72 PAPERS RELATING TO 

man. I told him if he had all my Draughts in possession he 
could not tell how to join them together. He told me he could 
doe it and that he should doe it, so I perceive he hath seen that 
Draught I gave into your or the Gen 1 survey ers office, fob I am 
certain he can not Doe it noe otherway. 

I spoak to M r Steel some time go to advise me how I might get 
a warrant for 200 hundred acres of vacant Land. He told me 
the best way was to petition the Commis sr \soe I thought it my- 
self I would first take your advice. There is 200 acres of the 
Land upon Elk River Road, between the welsh tract and New 
Castle, and adjoyning on the welsh tract, claimed by one Grossel, 
but he can find nothing to Doe him any service, soe if you could 
Doe me any service that way I should take it as a Great favour, 
soe that I might have it on reasonable terms that I could get 
something by it to secure my house, but pray, Dear Master, 
help me in the main about the house and Lotts. There are so 
many Gapeing for it that I had rather you should have a penny 
worth in it than any other, soe I Leave it to your discression, 
and shall always think myself happy to subscribe myself your 
most humble servant while, 

GEO. DAKEYNE. 

P. S. Falconer losses the former charges and in his eject- 
ment lays his damage to the value of 100 pounds. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO MESSRS. WORLEY AND 
HENDRICKS. 

PHiLAD ia , 26 th May, 1722. 

Francis Worley & James Hendricks, Loving friends : I 
recvd yours of y e 18 th Instant, expressing the difficulties you lie 
under in procuring the Corn you were desired by the Gov r and 
Council to gett for y e Indians. I am glad to find y e 10 Bushels, 
for the Messeng r will be so speedily supplied, tho' if it must be 
all wheat, somewhat less than 10 bush ls might have sufficed ; 
however, it is very well as it is. 

As to y e other which is for y e other Indians there, 

Corn was designed ; but if nothing but wheat can be had, and 
that must be gottat Nottingham, they themselves, 'tis hoped, 
will help to fetch it, since 'tis a free gift, only to supply their 
p'sent wants, as they are our friends and in a strait ; and if it 
be secured for them, they may goe for it by p'rcls, and not at 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 73 

once. If procured at Nottingham, I shall speak to Elisha 

Gatchel, who is now here, & returns home in two or three dayes, 

to engage for the pay, without troubling you ; but you must 

order y e Grain to be del*. Your care, so far, is obliging, and 

the continuance of it will still be more so to all concerned, & 

particularly to y r Loving friend, 

J. L. 



JAMES LOGAN TO MESSRS. WORLEY AND MITCHELL. 

PHiLAD ia , 26 ,h July, 1722. 

fprancis Worley & James Mitchel : An Acco' being 
brought hither that Satcheetcho, the Indian Messenger, who 
was lately sent from this Government to the five Nations, is 
returned to Conestogoe. The Governour, before he fully fixes 
his intended Journey for Albany, thinks it necessary that the 
said Messenger should render an account here of his Proceed- 
ings. These therefore, are by His Ord r , to desire you, by the 
Interpretation of James Le Tort, to acquaint Satcheetcho, 
that 'tis expected he will repair hither either with Cap 1 Civility 
or Cap 1 Smith, for an Indian Interpreter, with all possible 
haste, bringing down with him whatever it is that he has 
brought back from the five Nations, and James Le Tort is de- 
sired, without fail, to come with him, that we may be sure of 
a just Interpretation. 

This being of importance, you are desired not only to use ex- 
pedition your selves in it, but to press the others to the same, 
and, if they come not directly, then, without delay, to return 
an answer, mentioning the day when they will certainly be here, 
either to the Governour or to 

Your Loving ffriend, 

J. LOGAN. 



SEQUAL OF LETTER FROM JAMES LOGAN TO H. 
GOLDNEY, SENT 9 br , 1722. 

I. Norris, in his Letter to thee, has hinted at our present Cir- 
cumstances, which, for my part. I am ashamed to mention, 
but I fear we shall all run into Confusion, for that top knot 
Ku-t-d has made a large alteration without, tho' it appears the 
same alwayes lurked within. I am concerned chiefly for the 



74 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Interest of the Proprietor's family here, which his, under some 
very heavy difficulties, drawn in y e inclosed Paper, which I de- 
sire thee to peruse and communicate to Mrs. Han. Perm and 
her son Jno. , as also to Springet, and from thence I hope they 
will find the necessity of agreeing among themselves, and not 
suffer their Interest, while they are contending, to become a 
prey to others. But as that paper fully shews our weak sides, 
I doubt not but thou wilt be very cautious in not letting it 
fall under the view of any but such as would be freely willing 
to assist, for with others it might be injurious. 

To add to the other unhappiness of that family, this is one 
that those who would give them the most faithful advices 
know not to whom they ought to write and may doe it with- 
out offence to others. The will gives it to one branch, while- 
Hereditary Right, which many here, in relation to ourselves, 
are very fond of, would give it to another, but if they, in con- 
testing it, will suffer some to run away with all the advantages 
of y c Grovernm', and others with the Property, they must blame 
only themselves, for we can doe nothing here to prevent the 
mischiefs that threaten with out vigorous measures taken on 
that Side. 

I have thought myself obliged to write by this opportunity 
to several of the family, but have been entirely at a loss how to 
enter upon it, and have sometimes almost resolved intirely to 
forbear, not knowing, by this time, in what Credit I may Stand 
with any branch of them. Our (iov r at present courts Springet 
tho' he rejected his fathers Commission. He makes speeches 
to the Indians, full of his name, for some purposes fully under- 
stood here, while on other occasions that call for it, to mention 
the Proprietor is a Burthen. In short, his whole management, 
since April last, about Sasquehannah and with the Indians 
there has been one pure piece of amusement, contrived to im- 
pose on those with you whom he has abused and to abuse those 
here who have best deserved of him, but I could most freely for- 
give all would he serve the family in earnest and remove some 
people's Jealousies, that he would as readily mount himself 
upon their (the Proprietor's family) Ruine as that of other 
People. Pray make a prudent use of this, and excuse the 
freedom. From 

Thy assured friend, 

J. LOOAN. 

I have wrote to Springet Penn, whom what I said of amuse- 
ment chiefly concerns, and he best understands it. 

The enclosed Treaty, tho' verv chargeable to the Province, 
may be of great service, while Coll. Spotswood will, I fear, en- 
danger us. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 75 

JAMES LOGAN TO HENRY GOLDNEY. 

Philad% 9 th 2 mo , 1723. 
Henry Goldney: 

Esteemed Friend : Our late Proprietor's family being un- 
happily divided in their Interests, I am at a loss how, in the 
directest manner, I ought to apply myself, and therefore, not 
having time to write to all, I give thee this trouble to request 
thee to communicate it to all to whom it may be proper, par- 
ticularly to S. Clement, Jno. Penn, & Springet & his brother, 
&c. 

By Capt. Annis, I wrote largely to S. CI., &c, about our 
Troubles from Maryland. We could not then think it possible 
they should be so wild as to continue to their Prosecution 
against Taylor and Gatchel. The latter of these is now carried 
down to Annapolis, the other having obtained Liberty in the 
winter to come to his famliy, and falling so violently ill, that 
he can scarce move out of his bed, cannot goe, for which tis 
apprehended the Sherif of Cecil County, who, without leave 
from the Governm', granted them liberty to goe home, will be 
prosecuted to his mine. The inclosed Prints will fully and 
truly, in every Syllable, Shew their case. With one of these, 
'tis hoped, application will be made first to the Lord Balti- 
more, and then, unless it be fully accommodated with him, to 
the King and Council. Philemon Lloyd, the present Secretary 
of Maryland, is the Ringleader in all this, who pushes his own In- 
terest under the Lord Prop" name, and with that name bullies 
all the more sober and Judicious of that Province, tho' they 
very well comprehend his views and Designs. Their Gov r , as 
far as we can judge, is a Gentleman of Honour and great Good- 
ness, but intirely subjected to the Directions of that man, who 
is, by no means, reputed to have either of these qualities, 
which gives great uneasiness to that Countrey as well as ours. 
We have been obliged to be at a great expense already on those 
two men's accounts, and where it will end we cannot judge, 
without an interposition from thence. 

In affairs of Governm', we are particularly unhappy. The 
two last elections for Assembly, (which are on the first of Octo- 
ber, yearly,) were very mobbish, and carried by a Levelling 
spirit. Our Gov r , whose Dependence, for his support, is on the 
Assembly's yearly finding, their humour, to oblige them to 
take care of him, fell in with it, and, on opening the Session, 
particularly distinguished to y e disadvantage of those he was 
pleased to term y e great Rich, or knowing This, Strengthened 



76 PAPERS RELATING TO 

that humour, and the Council, being a more Steady sett of ex- 
perienced men, not to be changed yearly, as the Assembly may 
have of late been found but a Clog to the Gov", whose grand 
business it is to manage the others to his own advantage. They 
are, therefore, now rendered wholly useless in Legislation, and 
were it not that the Governing by our Laws, devolves on them, 
on the decease of the Gov r , most of the Members would drop it, 
and appear no more. The method has been, in admitting any 
new members to the Board, to doe it by the joynt consent of 
the Gov r and Council, but last year that method was changed 
by the Gov rs calling orie to the Board by his Letter, without 
advising with the other members. The Person (W m Asheton) 
proved to be a very acceptable one, both for his abilities and 
honesty, & his being a Relation to the Proprietors family, so 
that there was not much notice taken of the Infraction; but, 
two dayes agoe, the Gov r having, by his Commission, under 
the great seal, without any advisement with y e Board, ap- 
pointed one Peter Baird, (a young man, who, having served his 
time to an apothecary or Surgeon, at Edinburgh, went over to 
Virg 1 to seek his fortune, and from thence rambled hither,) to 
be his Secretary and Clerk of the Council. I doubt this may 
give a much greater disgust. As to my part, tho' I am now 
superseded in all things relating to y e Governm 4 , except that 
I still bear, with the rest, y e name of a member of Council, I 
have not the least reason to be disgusted at any part of this, 
saving the manner of it, w ch has not been over obliging, for I 
had a great deal of Trouble for very little Profit ; and, having 
long desired to be rid of both, have therefore, no reason to 
complain. But I hope the family will not, from this time, have 
any expectation from me, since nothing before could justify 
my appearing in Public affairs more than any other member, 
but the name of Secretary, alone, of which I am now clear. 

Notwithstanding the Gov r had used all measures to engage 
the Assembly to him, yet they postponed his support, and it 
was at length obtained by a majority of but one single vote, 
which vote was even for some time dispaired of; at last, how- 
ever, it was carried, and y e House, on y e 30 th ult. , allowed the 
Gov r to pass some useless & inconvenient Laws, after an ord r 
for a thousand pounds was presented and the Laws past, the 
Speaker, by appointment of the House, applied to the Gov r 
to discourage a Player who had Strowled hither to act as a 
Comedian. The Gov r excused himself from prohibiting it, but 
assured them he would take care good ord rs should be kept, 
and so the man went on to publish his printed Bills, as thou 
wilt see by one of them inclosed, and to act accordingly. 

How grievous this proves to the sober people of the place, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 77 

thou wilt easily judge, but it happens at p'sent to be more 
particularly so on me, for having, unfortunately, been chosen 
Mayor of Philad for this year, there is an expectation that I 
should exert that authority to suppress their acting. But as 
they have chose for their Stage a place just without the verge 
of the City, and y e Gov r himself resorts thither, I can by no 
means think it advisable to embroil myself with the Governour 
to no purpose, or to raise a dispute between the Corporation 
and him in which nothing is to be gained. 

The Grov r , as at p'sent Circumstances, seems to be very much 
in a State of Independency, being neither under the immediate 
Cognisance of the Crown, in which the Govern 1 is not vested, 
nor under any Prop rs , the right not being yet determined. He 
expects, however, that it may, in a little time, be decided; & 
supposing that y e Powers of Governm 1 may fall to Springet, 
has therefore, for some time, made his Court to him, of which 
I have very little to say. There have been some idle, amusing 
storys spread here of a Charge which I could never believe, and 
shall only observe upon it that an Ingenious man, with many 
failings, is still preferable with me to a stupid, obstinate or 
conceited Creature, for the Gfovra' really requires a Disposition 
more generous than is tube mett with in all tempers and kinds 
of Education. If our Gov r has any faults, 'tis believed they are 
very much owing to his close application to some of y e arts of 
rising at Court. 

This Province is now exceedingly sunk in its Circumstances. 
We have very little Trade, and less money, to supply which 
last our Assembly has raised fifteen Thousand pounds, in Bills 
of Credit, which may quicken our Commeerce amongst our- 
selves, but will much hinder our making advantageous Returns, 
and, unhappily assert, I doubt our Proprietary affairs. But it 
was in vain to oppose it, a majority was for it, and the Gover- 
nour very much pressed it. 

I now find it was very unhappy that I held not my Resolu- 
tions of seeing Britain last year. My Inclinations to come over 
still continue, & I shall endeavour to putt them into ac't this 
next fall, if practicable, but it is uncertain. 

Our Gov r lately rec d a Let r from Th. Beak, acquainting him 
with an agreement between you arid y e Lord Baltimore con- 
cerning the supposed move beyond Sasquehannah. But I can- 
not comprehend it, for to allow him any claim or pretense so 
far Northw d would be to give up the cause we have been so long 
contending for, and, even more, for the utmost Lat d he can 
crave will not, in the best of my Judgem 1 , reach thither. I 
wish you would consult the state of the Claims of the Pro- 
prietors of Maryland and Pensilvania, wrote by me in several 



78 PAPERS RELATING TO 

sheets & sent over about seven years agoe. It has been in Jn° 
Page's hands, as I find by his Letters. I earnestly request that 
a search may be made among those Papers of the late Proprie- 
tors, relating to the dispute with the L d Baltimore, which, In 
the year 1699, were all carefully digested for the Commission 
from that Lord to Coll. Talbot, and the Instrum* left by him, 
under his hand, both which are mentioned in y e printed Case 
now sent. Of these we have an authentic Copy, but that left 
by Talbot himself may be of much greater service. If not 
among those Papers, p'haps it may be found among those the 
Proprietor took with him to England in 1701. 

I am very sensible that in settling that affair w th y e Lord 
Baltimore my presence might be of service, but I have a you'g 
family, that cannot easily spare me, and 'tis hard to bear my 
own expences solely for the service of others, who, by this time, 
I am told, have begun to think of better friends, on which con- 
dition I should gladly retire with some Loss. 

Andrew Hamilton, fully purposing in a little time to sett out 
for England, by him I shall be capable to be more large. I 

knew nothing of this thoughts of seeing London till 

to day at noon, otherwise I should have provided things that 
might p'haps be of service. 

I inclose only two of the printed Cases with this, but deliver 
to y e same* person 20 more in another Pacquet, which I hope 
he will deliver with his own hand. I am, in y e mean time, with 
sincere respect to y e family, thyself, and thine, &c. , 

Thy real. Loving fr d , 

J. LOGAN. 

Thou art shortly to receive from Jn° Oxly, on Barbadoes, 
Bills for 300 lbs Sterl. , and we hope Jon. Dickinson's Debt, now 
a thous d pounds Sterl., may this year be paid, but we know 
nothing certain as yet from Jamaica. 

*Rowl'd Ellis. 



JAMES LOGAN TO HANNAH DICKINSON. 

Philad'% 26 th 7™, 1723. 
Hannah Dickinson: 

Dear Child : By this Bearer, I rec'vd a few Lines from thee, 
which, with his acco' of thy Conduct there, was very much to 
my satisfaction, to hear of thy health & welfare, and I very 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 79 

heartily desire it may please the Lord to continue it with his 
Blessing, that by a Sober & vertuous Course of Life, thou may 
become a real Comfort to all thy friends, and, especially, to 
thy self, these being the only means to obtain happiness in this 
World, as well as in that to come. I doubt not, but after a 
year's absence from thy Relations, and all thy acquaintance, 
here, thou must have a longing Desire to see them again, and 
we should be very well pleased to see thee if it could, by any 
means, be to thy advantage. But I must request thee to con- 
sider the present Circumstances of your family, of whom none 
but thy Brother, Jonathan, has any settled habitation ; for thy 
sister, Mary, is not yet fined ; nor would it be for thee to be 
there, on divers accounts, that I need not mention, grief to 
thy honest father. Friend's, and thy brother's, house, in the 
Countrey, will not be suitable for thee, for want of an oppor 
tunity of Improving thy self, w ch , in these tender years, thou 
shouldst, by all means, study, because now is the only time of 
learning what may be of advantage to thee hereafter, during 
thy whole life. 

Thy friends, therefore, can not but consider it as a singular 
Providence for thy Benefit, that a way has been opened to 
place thee in a sober and discreet famliy, out of y e way of the 
temptations that abound in this town, & under the Direction 
of so valuable a woman, who, for thy Profit, is willing to take 
pains to form thy youth, and lead thee on in the wayes that 
will procure thee the most essential happiness, ffor these rea- 
sons, Dear Child, not only I must request thee, and y e other 
executors, & all that wish thee truly well, heartily joyn with me, 
in requesting thee to be satisfied, and make the best use of the 
opportunity thou hast there, and, in the mean time, we assure 
thee that nothing necessary shall be wanting, either to thy self, 
or to encourage thy Kind Tutress, our fr d Doctor Rodman's 
wife, to make thy Life comfortable and easie. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO WOODLOW & LANE. 

PHiLAD ia , 30 th Apr. , 1723. 
PR ds Woodlow & Lane : Roger Edmonds, who married N. 
Puckle's Daughter, being induced to believe that the supposed 
Copper mine that was first discovered to you lies in his Wife's 
Land, has joyn'd a considerable Company together, among 
whom they propose to divide it. 



80 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Yesterday, on a Treaty with them, they agreed that upon Proof 
that it fell in Puckle's Tract, they would give us one-fourth, 
provided they might have a fourth if it fell in R l Pike's Land, 
but immediately falling off from this agreem', they employ' d 
a Lawyer to assert it all to themselves. I, therefore, advise 
you immediately to take possession of the place, by my ord rs , 
in behalf of R d Pike, with whom I shall make terms for you, 
and use your utmost Industry, by help of H. Pennybaker, 
(who is the only person living, I believe, that you can give any 
certain Evidence in the case, )to fix the Land to the true owner 
by means of y e original surveys, w ch , without living witnesses, 
will be found somewhat perplexed in the office. I am really of 
opinion y l is R. Pike's Land. If it prove otherwise we must 
submit. In the mean time, however, I desire you to take & 
keep possession, which is no small point in so disputable a case. 
I should be glad to see one of you here. But in all your Con- 
sultations & Resolutions use Privacy & Dispatch, only be sure to 
hold possession, until it can be tried whether the thing be of 
value, unless you really find it is in Puckle's Land, in which 
case we must quitt it. I am yo r well wishing fr d , 

J. L. 
Dav d Powel, I suppose, will (if able) be with you to morrow 
or next day to joyn H. Pennybaker. 



SECRETARY LOOAN TO WOODLOW & LANE. 

Philad 1 , 6 May, 1723. 
FR ds Jonathan Woodlow & Wm Lane : • 

I wrote to you last week, by 1). Powell, desiring you to take & 
keep possession of the Place then mentioned, w ch , if you neglect 
to doe, others will be beforehand with you, the other company 
having resolved to enter upon it immediately. Therefore, 
while I am taking all the care of yo r Interest that lies in my 
power, if you neglect it yo r selves it will be your fault & not mine. 
It will be convinient, I believe, to build a Hutt upon it and 
keep at least one hand constantly at work. I hope to prove 
the Land R. Pike's, in which case you may depend on having 
as good an Interest as myself, who am 

Yo r real fr d , 

JAMES LOOAN. 

I suppose some from Edmonds will goe up to morrow to take 
Possession. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 81 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO HENRY GOLDNEY. 

Philad% 7 th 3 mo , 1723, 
Henry G-oldney, Esteemed ffri 'end: Inclosed is a Copy of 
my last p. Rowland Ellis, since which I have now the more 
agreeable news to tell thee that El. Gatchel is returned from 
Annapolis, where his printed case, of which he had some scores 
to distribute, made such an Impression on their Provincial 
Judges and other moderate Gentlemen that he was discharged, 
by the Assistance of an able Lawyer there, without so much as 
paying any fees, tho' once demanded to the value of between 
3& 4 thous ds p ds of Tobacco, their Curr' Pay. But Isaac Taylor 
Stands yet liable to answer, unless the matter can be accom- 
odated. 

I acquainted thee, in my last, that our Assembly had struck 
15,000' hs in Bills of Credit for a currency, which, if we have no 
more of it, my prove rather useful than injurious to us. But 
our Gov r , not contented with this, lately called the assembly 
of the three lower Counties together, who, at their first meet- 
ing, and, as I am informed, for some dayes after, opposed his 
Proposition to strike some of the same there also, not one mem- 
ber except two, only, appearing for it ; measures, however, 
were taken to gain a majority, and they have now pass'd an 
Act to raise five thous d Pounds upon y e Credit and for y e use 
of those Counties. 

This I take to be the most injurious act that has ever here 
been done to this Province; for these Counties, depending al- 
most intirely on this town for their Market, and having no 
navigation or Trade of any other kind than shop keeping or 
small stores among themselves, since we cannot receive their 
money, they will be disjoynted from us and drove to other meas- 
ures. It wanted no great skill or Depth in Politics to foresee 
this, but our Gov", who writes and speaks finely, seems to be 
of opinion that these Qualities will supply all others, and as he 
exceeds those about him in those Qualities, as well as in Power, 
he looks on it as a presumption in any man to caution or advise 
him ; for these reasons, or some others, he takes no advice in 
any case, unless it be, sometimes, in some indifferent matters 
at the Council Board ; but in relation to those Counties he now 
advises with any of the Council, but acts there as independ- 
ently from us as they doe in N. York or Virginia. 

I mentioned in my last that And" Hamilton designed speedily 
to come over thither. He now intends to take Shipping from 
6 -Vol. VII. 



82 PAPERS RELATING TO 

N. York in the Beaver, about the latter end of this month, and 
I must particularly give you these hints concerning him: He 
has, for 3 or 4 years past, appeared very hearty in y e Proprie- 
tor's Interest here, notwithstanding it is not his natural dis- 
position to be on the side of those who are accounted Great or 
are in Power; but of late he has somewhat recoiled, and given 
more way to nature. He is very true where he professes friend- 
ship, unless he thinks himself slighted, which he cannot easily 
brook. He is a very able Lawyer, very faithful to his Client, 
and has generally refused to be concerned for any Plain tif who 
appeared not to have Justice on his side. He has done many 
considerable services for our Governing but of late they have 
openly been at variance, for which reason I am of opinion that 
he will not appear ag st the Gov r , for he is singularly generous 
that way. I have been much obliged to him, both on my own 
acco' and the Proprietor's, and I heartily wish he may be treat- 
ed there by the family in such a manner as may engage him, 
of which I am somewhat apprehensive. Upon y e whole, I re- 
quest that a prudent use may be made of what I have here 
taken the Liberty to mention. 

In some of my Letters by Cap 1 Annis I took notice that one 
Isaac Miranda, an apostate Jew or fashionable Christian Pro- 
selyte, was gone over to transact some affairs in which our 
Gov er is concerned, and particularly in relation to y e mine be- 
yond Sasquehannah. I have since rec' vd a very pressing ap- 
plication from some Inhabitants of the Lands on this side the 
River, over against that mine, who have not yet obtained 
Titles to their settlements, are apprehensive that he has some 
design or Instruction to procure a right and turn them out of 
their possessions & Improvem ts , which would be very unjust. 
I can only say, at present, that the man ought in general, to 
be guarded against, for all his motions in relation to you, if I 
mistake not, will be found Insidious. 

Inclosed is a Bill drawn by M. Van Bebber on amddonck Lano, 
of Haerlem, for 400 Guild rs , by mistake made payable to me, 
but was given on your acco 1 as Trustees, w ch pray gett nego- 
tiated. 

I now send one print only because of y e Charge of Postage, 
which comes less ; all these by R. Ellis. Should miscarry, when 
A. Hamilton comes I shall send divers others Papers for your 
Information. In the meantime am, with respect, 

Thy assured friend, 

J. L. 

The Bearer going to London, I send more Prints by him. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 83 



JAMES MITCHELL TO SECRETARY LOGAN. 

Donjjegall, May 13 th , 1723. 
Kind F r : I Rec" yours per John Harris, Dated the 22 of Ap- 
prile, in which you seem unsatisfied in taking a bill on Ja. 
Letort for the six pound, which I desired to know. Therefor, 
I told James Smith, & he lias payed me five pounds of it, & 
promised to make it up against the widdow's Vandew, where 
I expect to see you & pay you the six pounds. I have sold the 
other Creature. I have the bill of seall, for att. vandew the 
sixt of this Instant, for 7 lb 2 s , three mounth credit, to Jam. 
Smith. I hade no oppertunity to gett word to William Willis 
since, except I hade sent a messenger on purpos. I give you 
to know that there is fifteen famileys of Duch come from Al- 
baney, &c are now setling upp Swattarra. I sent an account 
of it to the Governour & councle by Cony Thomas, & an address 
from the upper savens to the Ofovernour & Councle, & I have 
heard they are Impatient for the answer, & for me to send an 
express on such ocasions, att my own charge, will not answer. 
J a Patterson is not yet come out of the woods, but is expected 
every day. His wife is likly to Dy. 

with Dew Respects to you & 

Spouss, from S r youer 

humble Ser', 

JA: MITCHELL. 



JAMES LOGAN TO H. GOULDNEY. 

Philad% 17 th 12™ 1724. 

H. GOULDNEY. 

Esteemed ffrtiEND : My time being quite exhausted, & my 
spirits in some measures, I find I have too long delay 'd my 
Lett r to thy se,f w oh I intended the last in the Inclosure. I can, 
therefore, now only request thee to Communicate the Inclosed, 
on thy first Receipt, to the family & to J. Gee, &, from what I 
have wrote to them which they, I suppose, will equally im- 
part, thou wilt learn our story. This Constrained Brevity ex- 
cuses me from apologizing, as I ought to, for bringing thy name 
on the stage with my own. But thou may assure thyself It was 



N4 PAPERS RELATING TO 

impossible for me to believe the man could be so perfectly void 
of Hon r to scruple a Complyance, & much less to expose to y e 
Countrey what he had recv'd from such a hand. The Assembly 
ord s to print them proceeded rather from Good will, that y 
People might see & with their eyes, & be less deceived than 
was endeavoured by vile misrepresentation. 

I can now only add that I am buying Wheat for Portugal or 
Spain, where I hear there is at present something of a Market, 
but I have not yet positively agreed for the freight, for w dl as 
much is insisted on here p r bush 1 as from Engl a p Quarter, 2 
Shills sterl being y e Lowest any will hearken to, w cl1 , while y e 
Grain it self is at 4 shills of our Money, will I doubt, make 
but a poor Return. And what is equally bad, I am likely, as 
things stand, to gett but very little to Return. May Kind 
Providence regard us, w ch is all I can say at present, who, with 
much sincere respect to thy self & good spouse, am 

Thy affectionate ffriend, 

JAMES LOGAN. 

P. S. Thy Wife's Niece, married to H. Newton, is here with 
her husband, but Indigent, I doubt, & helpless. 



MR. BORDLEY TO JAMES STEEL. 

Farley, May 5, 1725. 
Sir- To say nothing of the motion for dismissal, tis strange 
the answer should be ordered to be fil'd Immediately on over- 
ruling y e motion, because the notice of the motion was not 
particular enough. I apprehend there was exception ag' the 
bill on one side ; exception to y e notice of motion on y e other side. 
The proceedings whereupon, with great submission to every 
Judge, in his proper Jurisdiction, ought to have been either to 
have overruled the exceptions to y e bill, as dissonant to practice, 
or to have rul'd better notice, in case the former was insufficient, 
th" it can be nothing but Oavel to object ag" y e sufficiency of 
notice ; for, if there was no notice, yet if they came on to argum' 
by Counsel, twas well, and y c order ought to have been that 
the motion was, or was not, good, & not y' notice was or was 
not good. I have wrote what will be a sufficient step for you 
to take some time since, and still find it proper. The bearer 
has y e letter to w' 1 ' I refei. By no means file an answer till the 
first process of Contempt be returned for not filing one: and I 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 85 

hope to send you up a demurrer time enough to comply with 
y c rule, before att\ with proclam a , but, being yet from home, 
(th° Just taking water, ) cant well do it till further opportunity. 
I think you need not doubt of longer time before hearing can 
be allowed by y e practice ; but, if things be precipitated, twill 
do your cause damage only for a time, but leave it at last, and, 
p'haps, damnify the actors. 

If you have cause to appeal, you must pray a rehearing, & 
pursue y e practice therein, or a review, as the case requires, &, 
as I presume, the cost of appeals, not assertained when you pray 
your appeal be nominated, by y e Councelor, lest you should give 
offence by appealing to an Improper one, and, if that be not as- 
certained to you, then let y e appeal be to his Majty, in Coun- 
cil. But I cannot Imagine there will be cause of this. 

I beg you will excuse me to Andrew Hamilton, having scarce 
leisure to write this so as to hi understood, or, I doubt, read. 
I know nothing I can say further, at present. If the pet" be 

deny'd, I think it will review much in ye Judge, & 

must be y e cause of a further day. If the Judge proposes a bar- 
gain with you, y c will continue y e cause. In case you record 
y e deeds, get y e proposal enter' d into, y' you may be certain of 
it ; but, when entered, let it stand recorded, and beg leave to 
advise upon it, and consider whether, according to y e Custom 
of your Country, those deeds of Rights to Land be deem'd a 
conveyance of Real Estate, or that no real estate passes till 
patents. If y e latter, I think y e recording y e deeds may be 
comply'd with, without prejudice. Care must be taken by 
your Counsel y l they be not forward in proceeding. If you 
have any other apportunity of sending, please to Intimate what 
is y e effect of your pet n . I am in haste, &, therefore, hope you 
will excuse. 

Y 1 humble Serv', 

J. BORDLEY. 

Note. — I am much obliged for the Favour you Inclosed me. 



JAMES LOOAN TO H. TAYLOR. 

Philad 8 , 12 th 5-'°, 1725. 

My GrOOD friend »H. Taylor: The Acco' of thy P'sent 

Illness y* thy Letter, & thy son more particularly, gives me 

being altogether unexpected, very nearly affects me, for since 

I last saw thee I had great hopes of thy entire recovery & 



86 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Restoration to a state in w cb thou might be much longer cap- 
able (w th God's will) of serving thy self, family, & friends ; & as 
thou hast had many vicissitudes, I shall still continue to hope 
for y e best. 

As to y e subject of thy Lett 1 ", should it please God now or in 
a little time to remove thee, will be an addition to my trouble 
that we could not in time have settled all ye affairs thou hast 
been concerned in for y e Prop r , but if thy distemper be so sharp 
it will now be impracticable between ourselves. Thou leaves, 
however, very hopeful & capable Children, for whom, w th their 
good mother, thy concern is undoubtedly at P'sent, & thou 
may depend on all y° Justice to y m , as far as I shall be con- 
cerned, that could be done to thy self while living. 

But if thou rightly considered by what powers I act, thou 
will easily see y l I can doe nothing of myself, being but one 
Comm' of Ave who have power to grant. Nor can anything of 
y l kind be transacted on a sudden. In y e mean time, be easie, 
w th out disturbing thy thoughts w tb y e subject, knowing as this 
Life is a scene of constant trouble, y e greatest happiness is a 
steady composure & peace of mind in its close. Should it please 
God to prolong thy time in a more easie state, w ch I heartily 
wish & desire, I purpose, ere long, to visit thee there, having 
for some weeks intended it before this month is out. In y e 
mean time, w th earnest prayers for thy welfare & Happiness, 
I am 

Thy Affectionate fr d , 

J. LOGAN. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO JOHN TAYLOR. 

Philad", 18 th 5™, 1725. 
John Taylor, Respected Friend: On persualof thy father's 
Lett 3 of y e 10 lh , w ch thou delv d me last 2 d day, I was extremely 
affected w th y e unexpected ace' of my old frd 8 dangerous state 
by y e return of his illness, & much more so upon telling me 
thou scarce expected to find him living. This led me to think 
it unreasonable to enter into y e consideration of business, and 
therefore I wrote y e Letter I shewed thee, w ch I thought was 
properly expressed, & agreeably to y e spirit of tenderness & 
affection, w th w ch I am sure it was wrote. But, about 3 hours 
since, as I was going to our morning meeting, Dan 1 Dierborow 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 87 

delv' 1 me another of y e 15 th , w°" really surprized me, being in a 
strain altogether unsuitable for an answ r to that Letter, but 
I impute y e sharpness of it, in a great measure to his distemper, 
w ch preying upon his spirit, undoubtedly fretts y ni for w ch rea- 
son, it would certainly be well to divert him from y e anxiety 
w ch ye thoughts of y c world give him,& w ch must needs render y e 
dayes he has to spend much more uncomfortable. 

But as y e Letter is directly upon business, & makes as per- 
emptory a Demand on me, as if it were for money on my bond, 
I shall observe to thee, who may take occasion to make a proper 
use of it, y' I have now fully considered thy father's former 
Letter, w th his acco ts whatever else might serve to clear up y e 
point, but cannot find any manner of foundation, y l either my 
Papers or memory will help me to, for such a Demand. 

Before I went first for England, we settled acco ts , & from 
thence he makes a claim to above 7 lbB , to w ch I must speak here- 
after. In my absence as surveyor of Chester County, warr' 1 
were directed to him, to lay out lands for y e Palatines, whom 
he settled w th out any knowledge of mine, to y e utmost of his 
power to their advantage, and for y e time he spent w" 1 y"\ they 
will say to this day they p d him largely. As other warr ,s were 
directed to him, he executed y m but was ever as well p d , as at 
least any surveyor I have ever heard of in this province, & tho' 
all other surveyors left a Tract for y e Prop y inclosed by y e ad- 
jacent Lines, w"' out charging anything, he thought fit to 
charge for every piece. I doubt not indeed, but he & thee to- 
gether did your business faithfully & well; but never was a 
surveyor in this province better p d & for any other claim, I 
know not y e least foundation. I hope all men believe y' I am 
accountable for y e Prop v money in my hands, but I desire to 
know of any rational man living how I could acco' for giving 
money to a surveyor for doing his duty only. His manner of 
treating me, therefore upon y' head must needs be owing to 
the Acrimony of his distemper. However, should either him- 
self or any in his behalf, plead a merit w Ul y e Prop r who may 
unquestionably dispose of his own, as far as my word would 
reach, should for any thing that I have yet known, represent 
him an honest faithful officer, who tho' he had gott handsomely 
in an office under him, yet deserved much better than any 
others, who w th out any provocation had proved false & un- 
grateful. But to ah beyond this I am wholly a stranger, even 
in my remotest thoughts. 

The next Article is about his loss of time & fatigue in Mary- 
land, in answer to w oh I must here plainly say y l I have never, 
to this day, been satisfied y' he went thither on any other call 
than at y e private request of those particular p'sons he was 



88 PAPERS RELATING TO 

serving, & if he made such wrong steps there as to meet w lb 
trouble, since we bore all y e charges, He might well put w lh 
some of y e other w th out demanding pay for it, Thy father was 
earning money for himself, but E. (satchel was only taken, 
but underwent twice y e fatigue for nothing at all but shewing 
respect to thy father in visiting him in his distress. Yet He 
never demanded one penny satisfaction, either of me nor, I 
believe, of thy father, tho' he had at least as good a right to 
it, But, while I am mentioning these points, it will be neces- 
sary to take this occasion of observing to thee, who probably 
may be concerned in thy father's affairs after his decease, y l 
having, by his acco', recv d £64. 0.2^ quit rents, Charging £7.0.9. 
(as I have said) for an old Ball, & £16. 13. 2 p d to E. Shippen, 
he discharges all y e rest by services, among w eh there is one 
Article of 20 lhs for dividing 10,000 acres of Laetitias into small 
Tracts, & 6" ,s more upon y e same business, for chaining & pro- 
visions. On my objection to this as too much, he agreed to take 
of y e last article of 6 lbs , accept of 20 ll,s for y e whole, w cb must be re- 
membered hereafter. He alleged he was 3 weeks about this, but 
I thought 20a' p diem for any surveyor in America, & all y e at- 
tend ts necessary for y c service. 

I must also now mention, rather than hereafter, that there 
was, as I remembar, from E. G' s A ceo 1 between 2 & 3 pistols 
left in thy father's Hands of y e money I sent down for their Ex- 
pense in Maryl d . But since I have mentioned y l business again, 
I shall add, that tho' I think not myself accountable for y e 
trouble y m given thy father, yet, from what I said to y m both 
in y e Dutch Inkeeper's field, at Elk River, w ch I very well re- 
member, I am willing y* matter should be impartially consid- 
ered, yet know no such pressing haste for it, as just on a call 
to convene y e Commiss rs upon it, tho' some of them are my 
neighbors, nor can it be found so much worth thy father's con- 
cern. I was much troubled myself about y l business; took one 
Journey to Elk River upon it, & much fatigue otherwayes, yet 
never charged a farthing for it. 

Thou sees now alsa at what pains I am in an affair for w oh , 
nevertheless, I can not think my self accountable, for where I 
doe not employ a p'son I never know y' I ought to pay, except 
by their ord rs who did employ y m , & I am sure I never gave thy 
father any expectation, nor till now of late did I know he had 
any upon y e first Article of y e Lett r . Nor did I on y e other, in y e 
sense he seems to have taken it, but y l may be further spoke 
to. I shall, or should, close this w th repeating what I said to 
thee when last here, y 1 old fr d ship strikes close w th me, & is not 
easily effaced. I have had a great stock of it for yo r family, & 
am desirous it should be continued strong & lively, but if thy 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 89 

father's manner of writing to me be owing to anything than 
his distemper, to w oh I am willing to impute it, they will find 
themselves mistaken who shall think y l I can submit to any- 
thing but Justice & Reason. Others owe a duty to y e Prop rs 
family besides me ; and whoever declines y' I cannot think my- 
self accountable for it. However, I shall take this no other- 
wise y n as I have. I twice already mentioned it. 

I must add y l y e reason of my directing this to thee is lest it 
should not be found proper to trouble thy father, in his Condi- 
tion, w ,h business. If it be, pray deliver it to thy father as in- 
tended to him self, but if he be really as weak as has been rep- 
resented, I think it ought to be managed with Caution. In 
y e mean time, you know my sentiments before his decease. 

The Reason of patents being delayed is because we cannot as 
yet think of a proper stile for y m , viz: In whose name they 
shall run, but we shall now, I hope, in a very little time, con- 
clude on it. When y 1 is done, I am very willing yo rs should be 
y e first. 

I heartily wish thy father a longer life & health, being, 
under all these pretty Ruffles, his & 

Thy faithful friend, 

JAMES LOG-AN. 

I fully intended to have seen you this week, but must now 
forbear it a little Longer. I must still add y' we have for sev- 
eral years past fully expected a Plott of all y" new surveys in 
one draught, having been long promised, & said to be nearly 
finished. To return such, I am sure, is y e duty of all surv", &, 
therefore, we still expect it, on presenting of w ch to have de- 
sired y e Commis" favour in a spott of Land would not have 
look'd unhandsome or unreasonable. But this other Demand 
on me, because I have y c Prop''" money, appears really unac- 
countable. 

J LOGAN. 

The Length of this is as much owing to my Haste as y e blotts, 
&c. I am just going out of town. 

To John Taylor. 



JAMES LOGAN TO J. SALKELD, 

Philadelphia, 1 Dec br , 1725. 
Respected ffriend : Our Gov r , having some years since, 
after many hearty services done him on my part, Judged it 
expedient to Differ with me, instead of hastening the voyage 



90 PAPERS RELATING TO 

I had intended for Engl' 1 & with w ch I had acquainted him be- 
fore the Difference, I delay 'd it one year longer. On my ar- 
rival there, I found the Prop" whole family so much offended 
with S r William's Conduct tow ds them, that they had 18 months 
before, resolved on a Change. This I was so far from forward- 
ing, through a Consciousness of my having been Instrumental 
towards his obtaining the Commission, of w ch I heard more 
than pleas' d me, that I advised his Continuance, on laying him 
under some Closer Restrictions, a due observation of w ch would 
secure the family from the Dangers they apprehended from his 
acting so independently of them, & disregarding those in whom 
they Confided. The Proposal being generally agreed to, In 
structions were drawn up by a near Relation of the ffamilies, 
with the advice & approbation of the Trustees, & were managed 
with so much Privacy that they were a secret to all mankind 
in these parts but the Gov r himself & me, who was instructed 
w ,h the Delivery. It was, therefore, exceedingly surprising to 
find them afterwards, not only Discoursed of in Company, but 
Communicated to the whole Country through their Represen- 
tatives — a proceeding that, notwithstanding all the Colouring 
in the Power of art, will be Interpreted by Certain Rules, yet 
in being in a manner different from what some would wish. 
That the G-ov r himself, who had made this step, should en- 
deavour to invalidate & expose the memorial I had drawn up 
of that occasion, was not to be admired, but that D. Lloyd, 
under his appearances, when he seemed intent on retrieving 
his Reputation with the Country, should so far forget himself 
as to Display his Rancour afresh, in that empty but virulent 
Performance of his, was astonishing, and on the Publication I 
can truly say I was much more troubled for the Dishon 1 it 
brought on the Profession and Country in General, than at the 
Inhumane Treatment it gave me ; for that a man of his years 
& of such pretences should, over all rules & Established orders, 
make such an open Breach in attacking not only me, but our 
late Proprietary, even after his Decease, whose memory will 
still be revered by the truly sincere & Honest, and that a Chief 
Justice, acting by an authority wholly dependent on the Pro- 
prietary Powers, should openly, without any Provocation, so 
injuriously & with such falsehoods vent his spleen against him, 
was to me, as it will be to every man of Principle who has any 
Concern for the Reputation of this Province & its first adven- 
turers, a Just occasion & matter of Grief ; nor will it at all avail 
or extenuate the Crime to alledge an Intention (however mis- 
applied) of serving the Public, for 'tis plain his arguments 
have nothing in them. But further, I shall say here what I 
have been reserved in expressing before, that y e Instructions 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 91 

were to S r W m Keith from his Principals, who were Dissatisfied 
with him in particular, and wanted a Greater security than 
they found they had in what they first depended on, therefore 
it i^s not the least Dishon ble part in D. Lloyd's performance that 
he endeavours to disable a Principal from having a proper 
security in the person Trusted. 

Tho' these things were all obvious on the first Perusal of that 
paper, yet my abhorrence of such Intestine Disputes, tending 
only to our General Reproach, with held me from returning 
any answer, till I was assured at last Chester Court that D. 
LI. imputed my silence to the strength of his work & my In- 
ability, upon the first of w ch I resolved to undeceive him with 
those on whom he had imposed ; nor can I be Charged (I hope) 
with any breach of order in this, because all men have a nat- 
ural right of defending themselves to those to whom they are 
accused ; and as I have, without any previous notice, been 
openly staged to the Public, no man, I presume, will question 
my Right of clearing myself to all those who have received my 
accusation, w ch can now be only by the Press. What I have 
done was truly brought to its Close on the day of its date, & 
most of it printed off about two months since, under divers 
disadvantages, one Paragraph only being added. 1 am troub- 
led for its uncorrectness, which was owing to the Printers & 
my depending too much on each other's Care. Some faults are 
amended, others still remain, particularly two or 3 lines about 
y e middle of the first page, now stand in Italic which should 
have been in y e Common Letf, not being a quotation of D. LI. 
exact words, (for those lay too loose,) but they truly give his 
sense. I must add, also, that where I say in y c 2 page that the 
sherif is the officer mentioned in both cases, tho' this does not 
appear so in my paper, yet in D. LI. 's he is mentioned in both, 
as well as in the Books. Such as they are, J here send thee a 
few of w ch pray deliver one to the Chief Justice himself, with my 
due Respects, Shewing him, at the same time, this Letter, & 
dispose of the rest to the Magistrates, Members of Assembly, 
Officers, & c ; from the Country's 

& Thv True ffriend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO JOHN WRIGHT. 

Phil a., 25 th ll mo 172|. 
John Wright, Respected Friend: It very much surprised me, 
when the last time I saw thee, thou assured me, it was not 



92 PAPERS RELATING TO 

only a received opinion amongst many in the Country, but 
even thine also, that I had asserted the Council of this Pro- 
vince are a part of its Legislative authority, for 1 affirm, I never 
entertained a thought upon it, so inconsistent with Common 
sense & the known Constitution of this Governm', but have on 
all occasions, freely acknowledged the Contrary. My printed 
Charge to the Grand Jury, in Sept ,,r , 1723, clearly evinces this, 
and my late memorial on the subject, not only fully proves the 
same, by my owning that we have no Legislative Council here, 
but the articles near its Close, drawn up into Conclusions, de- 
duced from all the preceeding arguments, carry the point no 
further, than that it was ever intended by the Proprietary, 
that his Deputies should not act in Legislation, without the 
advise & approbation of that Board, and that there is nothing 
to be found in any Charter or Law with which this is incon- 
sistent ; which assertion D. Lloyd himself is so far from oppos- 
ing, that in these remarkable words in his Print, he owns 
"that he never mett with any so sensless as to say that the 
Governor is concluded [by y e Law or Charter] of having a 
Council to advise & assist in Legislation. Therefore, as this 
matter was stated in the memorial, on that foot only, & was 
there left by me, and the sole point D. LI. took up to prove, by 
Legal authorities, (which the Govern r has since further at- 
tempted by Logic,) was this, That a Principal cannot lay his 
Deputy under any other Restrictions than those the Law re- 
quires of all subjects. I conceive the Council's part in Legisla- 
tion, your present Constitution, is a point intirely settled, viz : 
That they have no other share in it, than to advise & assist the 
Govern r , nor from the Date of the Proprietary's Charter, in 
1701, did I ever know any man who understood our Council to 
be otherwise concerned in Legislation, than with the Govern', 
at the Board, or in Committees or Conferences, by his ap- 
point m". That they are not otherwise concerned, is owing in- 
tirely, as I take it, to the Proprietary's said Charter; but to 
nothing, as" I conceive in the Royal Grant ; and that they should 
be thus concerned, depends on the Proprietary's Commission 
to the Council and his Instructions to his Deputies ; yet whether 
they thus advise & assist or not, I never asserted, or so much as 
Imagined, that an act passed by the Governour and assembly, 
without the Council, had not the force of a Law, as effectually 
as if it had been advised & deliberated upon in the most reg- 
ular manner by the Govern 1 & Council in conjunction. There- 
fore, the Powers of Legislation in this Province, not only now 
are, but ever have been, since the date of that Charter, so clear 
& indisputed, that I never knew any real Difference in opinion 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 93 

about them, being fully known to be lodged in the Govern r & 
assembly only. 

The other point, viz : whether the Proprietary or any Prin- 
cipal can lay his Deputy under Restrictions, the Govern", in 
my opinion, by his extraordinary method of arguing, has ren- 
dered so very Plain as to leave no further Doubt concerning 
it, for He has fully proved beyond the Possibility of a Con- 
tradiction, that a Deputy in the highest station can violate his 
Instructions, and that by so doing, he is liable to be removed 
— a Concession that renders the force of the obligation, with- 
out any further Comment, sufficiently intelligible to the 
meanest capacity. 

This, if I mistake not, with the validity of Bonds, &c. , con- 
cerns only the Principal & Deputy themselves, between whom 
there ought, from the Importance of the Trust, alwayes to 
subsist such a reciprocal understanding as should leave no 
Room for others to extend their Inquiries into them. And, 
from a sense of this, it proceeded that when called on by the 
Govern", at the first Council I attended after my last Return 
from Britain, to Communicate what orders relating to the 
Public I had from the ffainily, I declined (as the minutes of 
that day will shew) to give any other answer than that I had 
delivered to y e Cxovern' all I had in charge, nor, till he thought 
fitt to lay his last Instructions before the House, notwithstand- 
ing his ffreedom in discoursing of them, did 1 ever shew one 
syllable of the Copy with which I was intrusted, or communi- 
cate the nature of them to any person whatsoever, two only 
excepted. 

Thus I have, for thy better Information, given thee my true 
sense of those points w ch have been unaccountably brought on 
the Carpet by some for a pretended foundation to assert the 
people's Privileges upon, but might, I am Persuaded, with as 
much Profit, & I am sure with as much honour in the eyes of 
the Judicious, have been intirely lett alone, and from hence, 
as occasion offers, I request thee to doe me the Justice of re- 
moving the same mistake in others when thou meets with it, 
w ch , I hope, I have now fully removed in thee. 

As to the other part of thy Discourse, I very heartily Joyn 
with thee in condoling our unhappiness, both as a Governm 1 
&a People, in being made y e Reproach & Derision of the world 
by our Prints, &c. , and, seeing the Consequence, I cannot 
but truly grieve That I ever suffered any consideration what- 
soever, to extort one Line from me, on my part.tho' I have this 
satisfaction in it, That I never had any other motives but what 
spring from an origin of which I never can repent, viz. : the 
Discharge of my Duty in vindication of my late master & his 



94 PAPERS RELATING TO 

ffamily, who have, at times, in their own Province, been so 
ungratefully treated, as to exceed even what their enemies 
could expect or hope for amongst such a people. My memorial 
was designed only for the House of Representatives, but, when 
Published with the other Papers, it produced three other 
Prints. To the first of these I replied Yet, tho' once intended 
I stopt its Publication, resolving, then, notwithstanding all 
the bitter Provocations given me, to be silent & bear. But D. 
Lloyd's piece, to which he could have no pretence for a Call, 
was so unjust in its self, & so injurious to the late Proprietary, 
that I was, at length, prevailed on to apply a Remedy to the 
wounds it gave, in which, I own, I had too favourable a thought 
of the disposition of the age, <& considered not sufficiently y e 
Temper reigning amongst us, for we are now advancing to the 
highest Pitch of scandal, when, by the vilest ffiction and in- 
vented Lies, in Print, & fforgeries exposed in the most Public 
places, men's Reputations are truly hunted down, and rendered 
the Ridicule of the Loosest spirits. And the Quaker Countrey 
as this is called abroad, is become a scene of the vilest, most 
extra vagent Licenciousness by the managem' of those who can- 
not but radically either hate or despise all dissenters, and who 
may, one day, derive a merit from exposing them. Yet, instead 
of cherishing of Love & Peace, & strengthening ourselves in 
unity, too many hug their own shame, & are fond of their dis- 
grace and confusion. Where those things may end, the all 
seeing Wisdom only Knows, but it looks too much like a fore- 
runner of what we should dread to think of. The thought is 
too melancholy to be enlarged on, but I think this may easily 
be foreseen, that the Proprietary's family may soon be quite 
tired of such a People. I have done what is in my Power to 
excuse the Generality, but am overloaded. Nothing, however, 
shall beat me off from that Integrity, w ch is the strongest sup- 
port to an honest man, nor, (I hope), from being, very sin- 
cerely 

Thy faithful ffriend, 

JAMES LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO JNO. WRIGHT. 

Phil., 22 6 m °, 1726. 
Jn" Wright: 

My Fr* 5 : The time of yo r County Court approaching, a new 

Commission must be prepared. Thou art desired, therefore, 

to gett from Jo s Parker, & to send up by y e Bearer, the names 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 95 

that made us your two or three last setts, with thy thoughts 
whether any changes will be necessary, but those ought to be 
made with caution, &, th° some are dissatisfied with Geo. Ash- 
ton, yet, on ace 1 of elections & some other Considerations, it 
may, perhaps, be more adviseable to continue him. As to the 
elections, they will require at this time the utmost care & ap- 
plication, for S r W m , who, by all means in his Power, is labour- 
ing with the utmost Revenge to distress the 'Prop', to throw 
all things into open confusion, to force a surrender, to wrench 
y e lower Counties out of y e families' hands & divide their Trade 

from that of y e Prov. , is yet up by his factious Clubs 

here as y e greatest Patriot, and 'tis not only probable that he 
will be chose, but it is resolved amongst them to throw out 
every person who gives the least suspicion of moderation, par- 
ticularly A. M. or E. O., & Matt. Holston, to take in y° moat 
completely factious in their place. All, therefore, depends on 
yo r election, since, it is hoped, we may be secure of Bucks, and, 
if D. L. were one with thee, & six other Men of Peace, he 
might then have y e Chair, to S r W m others deepest mortifica- 
tion, who thinks himself secure of it, & by this means, th° 
chosen, he might be very much, if not intirely, disappointed. 
Pray think most seriously of this, for there was never more 
occasion for it. That ungrateful Man found us in a profound 
Peace,has left us involved in the most unhappy Divisions of his 
own fomenting, & is resolved to carry them on to y e utmost ex- 
tent that malice & Revenge will enable him. I intended to 
have been at Chester last night, but want of health will not 
allow it. I hope, however, to see you at yo r Court, & 'tis prob- 
able our Gov r may also be there. I am, with respect to thee 
& thine, 

Thy afs d fr d , 

J. L. 



JAMES LOGrAN TO H. TAYLOR. 

PHlLAD ia , 22 Aug. ,1726. 
My FR d H.Taylor: As I call'd Mordecai to bring home a 
horse, to proceed on this Journey, he brought up in his hand 
thy Letfof the 10 th Inst., left this morn. , by some Countrymen 
with our Maid. I thank thee for the great pain thou hast 
taken, & find it much as I expected, that is that thou hadst a 
good reason for what thou didst, but I must request thee to en- 



96 PAPERS RELATING TO 

tertain a more favourable th nt of my fr' 1 Elisha, whom I cannot 
but believe,and could wish all my fr d3 stoo 1 y e same way affected 
to each other. I have had of late, a touch of an intermitting 
fever, but last week, though I was gott so well rid of it, that 
I intended to have seen Chester last week, & thee, at thy house, 
to-day, but, by some cold I took on y e sudden change of y e 
Weather, y c other night, or from some other cause, I am fain 
into a Kind of continued lingring one, tho' it scarce deserves 
the name of a fever, that I am, at Psent too much indisposed 
to travel. I, therefore, request thee to give me a List of such 
persons in \hat County, as, in the best of thy Judgm', may be 
the most proper for a sett of Justices, w c \ as few changes from 
the former,as may be convenient for the Commiss. ,must be ex- 
pedited this week. This I shall endeavour to make y c best use 
of at Council,th° the Grov r , being himself a stranger, leaves every 
thing to a free debate, that he may collect from the whole what 
appears most rational. I am further to acquaint thee that S r 
W. Keith,who found us as unanimous a people as any in Am ca , 
has left us, in this place,in y e deepest confusion, and has as good 
as profess' d that he will carry it on. 'Tis, therefore, resolved, 
by y e electing Club, tbat he shall be chose here for y e As v , where 
he doubt not of being Speaker. I am sensible of thy Concern 
(as I long have been,) for the Public Peace, w cb is now in so 
extreme a danger that nothing but the utmost care of the 
Choice in y or County can prevent its Ruine. The Method will 
be to assert Privileges, or anything whatever, and that name to 
draw Remonstrances, Give no support, but run all things into 
such open & scandalous confusion as may oblige a Surrend r . 
The point that man has always had an eye to, but now will 
more directly drive at. Men of Judgm 1 , & men of Peace, are, 
doubtless, those who should be chose, but the business is to find 
so many of them, that will be acceptable to y e greater Number. 
Of all I have known from thence, for some years, .7. Wright is 
y e best, and S r W. y e worst. I wish thy State of health would 
allow thee to be one. D. L. himself, who is extremely angry 
with S r W. , would, at this time, phaps, be no ill hand, if all y e 
rest were good, & J. Wright there. I know thy Interest, as 
well as Judgm', & must request both thee & thy son to use y or 
utmost. 'Tis only peace we Avant, with sessions as short as 
they used to be y e first 4 or 5 years of that Gen 1 late Reign, till 
he took it ungratefully in his head to countenance parties, 
underhand, to our confusion. In this place, the Club designs 
to leave out every man they can suspect of y e least degree of 
moderation. It would not be impracticable to bring down 
members from the Countrey. That would dissappoint them 
but, as in that case, the choice must be made out of those Coun- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 97 

treymen. Sucli means have been used to possess one with opin- 
ions to another's disadvantage, that it is impossible to make 
them agree on p'sons among themselves, &, therefore, they 
fairly leave it to others to doe it for them. This is the case of 
our Capital & its Country. Bucks, I believe, is pretty secure, 
and therefore, as I have said, all depends solely on Chester. 
I propose to be at y" r court, where I sb.all.hope to see thee. In 
y e mean time, must recommend this to thy most serious thought 
& care, as worthy of them, beyond any thing of the kind 
that has hitherto employ 'd them. I am. with respect to thy 
self, Son, At families, 

Thy real, Lo v fr d , 

,TA S LOGAN. 

S. W. is extremely busy in putting forw d Petitions to wrench 
the Lower Counties from y e Props. , & to divide their Trade 
from y e Prov. But 'tis Strange any should have so wild a 
thought, ( w ch , yet they have had, )as to imagine New Castle must 
extend y e 12 miles from y e bounds of their new City, that is 5 
miles further into y e Prov., and this is the man those wretches 
would make a Patriot. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO H. TAYLOR. 

Phil., 9 th 7 br , '26. 
My FR d : At Chest 1 " we gave each other the strongest assur- 
ance. On my part I could safely doe it, because I well know 
nothing of that kind can be carried at this time. I mean noth- 
ing of what thou wouldst guard ag s ', for Peace & a short ses- 
sion is what is proposed, and on thy part, I hope every thing 
will answer thy Intention; But I must now further acquaint 
thee, that y e reason why a certain great man there, was ap- 
proved at this time, was to prevent another of y e Chair, so but 

a Hazard attends it. He is angry now with , and he 

was once (as I thought implacably) with I. Norris — yet he 
heartily joyn'd even him ag st a 3 d , & y e same may happen again. 
Now if an other able hand be chose elsewhere for y e Chair, the 
other had better be dropt with you, for there is no real depend- 
ence there ; nor can y e Ethiopian change his skin, but rather 
than leave any chance to S' W. of two evils, one would choose 
the least. I give thee this hint only to think of; in about ten 
7- Vol. VII. 



98 PAPERS RELATING TO 

days shall he be able to tell thee positively whether y c other may 
be had, but pray, by all means take care that all with you be 
p'fectly right of S r W. , enough has been said, & I must add, 
that T. C is too uncertain, for tho' often right, & sometimes 
otherwise, there was no dependance before hand, Pray lett no 
body but thy son see this, & then destroy it immediately, w th 
w' 1 ' thy other good Resolutions at this time will very much 
oblige. 

Thy affec' fr d , 

J. LOGAN. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO JOHN RICHARDSON. 

Philad 1 ", 14"' 8" r , 1726. 
My friend, J. Richardson : By waiting for J. Steel's Re- 
turn from Virginia, the Draught of an address from y e meeting 
at Little Creek, that we some time since discoursed of, has been 
so long deferred, w ch I now send thee Inclosed,&, I hope, early 
enough for y e service. The best advice has been taken in it y l 
could be had, and 'tis hoped that either this or something like 
i; may please. I intirely depend on thy carrying it down thy 
self, and y [ thou wilt, on first day, communicate it to y° prin- 
cipal frd s of those Counties mett there, that it may then (as far 
as may be) be agreed on. It should have been sent fairly wrote 
on y v broad face of a sheet, in a handsome & fair hand, but I 
thought it would have looked too psumptous to expect your 
Concurrence & approbation in a matter prepared w th out your 
immediate advisem 1 , and, therefore, tis subject, as it ought to 
be, to your alterations & amendm ts as you shall think proper. 
But being informed y' even your meeting of business is not 
private, and y l it has other members than Residents in these 
Counties, It may beadviseble,phaps,to appoint some near pri- 
vate House,as T. Hansen's, to meet at and finish it. It will be 
ordered, undoubtedly, by a minute, to be sign'd by two, three, or 
four fr ds , in y e name & behalf of y e whole, & y', as it will be neces- 
sary to have two or three Duplicates of it, when one is signed, 
tho' it be not fair enough to send, y e others may be done y e next 
day. But I must beseech you to lett me have one to send by 
Annis, who Sailes y e latter end of next week at farthest. If it 
be thought fitt to say any thing on y e popular subject, y e arrears 
of Quitt Rents, you may draw up a Lett r , on y'head, to Hannah 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 99 

Penn, Exec x , & to y e descendants of our late Worthy Prop r , W ra 
Penn, Esq r , &c. , and in y 1 say what you think proper. But in 
this address they can no way be mentioned. If you could also 
draw vip a few Lines in a Lett r from y e meeting to your worthy 
friends, Jos. Wyeth, Joshua Gee, Andrew Pitt, & Jno. Eceles- 
ton, to favour you in y c psentm 1 of your address, it may be of 
very great service. I have known B. Shurmer as capable of 
these things as any man now in America, &, I hope, he still is 
very able and equally willing. Pray give my very kind Love 
to him, Jos. Booth & Son, thy Bro' Rich', T. Hansen, & our 
other fr ds , to whom I would also have wrote, but am so much 
straitened in time that I must desire this may be communicated 
as intended for them also. I hope effectual care will be taken, 
if no little objections, should any be possible started, frustrate 
y e Design, for friends' Interest at this time in Engl' 1 has such 
a weight at Court y l Your address, may have more effect than 
any y l could be drawn be y e whole Assembly. Nothing, of 
which you are sensible, is for this year to be expected, If no 
proper Conveyance can be had occasionally hither and in time. 
If you send express I shall defray y e Charge, and am, with good 
wishes for all your Property & amicable agreem 1 , 
Thy assured Loving ffr d , 

J. LOGAN. 
Indorsed: 

Copy of my Lett' to Jn° Richardson, about y e address from 
Kent I years Meeting, to the King, 14 8 br , 1726. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO CONRAD WEISER. 

PHiLAD ia , 8 th June, 1727. 
Conrad Weiser: 

Sir : Being informed not only of thy Settling our Prop tr 
Lands on y e River Delaware, but of thy undertaking to sell 
them to others on pretence of an authority so to doe, I could 
not at first give any Credit to the story till it was afterwards, to 
my very great surprize, confirmed by several hands. I remem- 
ber either thy self, or some body for thee, shew'd me, at my 
house, a few Lines from John Penn, directed, as I remember, 
to one of the Trustees of this Province, recommending thee to 
him to make some agreem 1 with thee, or at least to give thee 
some encouragem 1 . But sure I am that no agreem' was ever 



100 PAPERS RELATING TO 

made with thee, nor any Power ever given thee, by w ch thou 
canst justify thy Proceedings. Therefore, Pray lett common 
sense and Honesty so far prevail with thee as to forbear im- 
posing on any others under those frivolous pretences, other- 
wise all that are concern'd with thee as thy self may assure 
yourselves that you must suffer for your Trespasses. If thou 
makes a proper use of this Lett 1 ", (of w ch I have given a Copy to 
be shown to those who deal with thee,) it may prevent further 
trouble and Confusion, which is the real desire of 

Thv well wishing friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



THOMAS PENN TO SECRETARY LOGAN. 



London, Aug' 7, 1727. 

Esteemed ffriend : Wee could not possibly get the decree 
to send by this Conveyance, nor anything else attested. How- 
ever, I send thee above a Coppy of the record taken out of the 
Court Journal, which, tho' I suppose it can signify nothing, 
yet, as my Brother has informed thee wee should send it, I was 
willing he should be as good as his word. He has wrote thee 
so full that on the accompt of business I have nothing to add 
but that wee hope soon to see the Mortgage paid of jf Dickin- 
son's money could be remitted. My Respects attend thyself 
and Spouse. 

I am 

Thy assured Friend, 

THO. PENN. 



Martis., 4 th die July, 1727. 

Penn & Penn. 

Mr. Hamilton opens the Bill. 

Mr. Lary opens Springett Penn's, and also Aubrey Thomas, 
Guilielma, his wife; W m . Aubrey & his wife, & Mary Penn, & 
also the answer of W m Penn. Mr. Browne opens the other 
Pefts. answers. Sarah West read Mr. Air's, the Attorney Gen- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 101 

erall's, answer. Tho s Pyle read & the other Witnesses as to the 
Will & Coniirraation to be entered. 

The Court declai-e the Will & the Confirmation thereof dated 
27"' May, 1712, to be duly proved, & the Cause to stand over for 
the further direcson of the Court. 



JAMES LOGAN TO JOHN PENN. 

PHILAD ia , 2o' h NoV br , 1727. 

Honoured Friend : About an hour or two after I delivered 
my Letters to W. Piekot, who was following Cap' Annis's Ship 
by Land, I recv'd thy large Pacquet of Writings, &c. , by Cap' 
Stockings, and just then found an opportunity by another per- 
son going down to the same vessel, in a few hasty lines, to ac- 
knowledge their Receipt. As I then did, so I now again con- 
gratulate you on the Issue of your Dispute so far as it relates 
to Property, but must here also again take notice that I fear 
we may be embarrased in the affair of Governm', since by the 
Will being confirmed, Springet is cutt out of all claim to those 
Powers, while they are invested in the Trustees; and by thy 
Mother's decease, what she gave in the Commission is extinct 
with her. These Powers, therefore, now seem to be in the sur- 
viving Trustee, if E. Pawlet is still living, or if not, then in the 
Heirs of both, if they will accept the Trust, but if not, 'tis 
probable they return to their Heir at Law, since by the Will 
they appear not to be otherwise disposed of. This, therefore, 
may require your immediate thoughts to prevent further Con- 
fusion. 

Sam 1 Preston, having been absent for some weeks, at his Re- 
turn to town we mett and resolved to discharge that part w ch 
is injoyn'd us by The Will, and that, since you have agreed upon 
a Partition among yourselves and forbid all further sales of 
Land, is now only to lay out to thy deceased Brother's 3 Chil- 
dren and Sister Lsetitia, ten thous d acres of Land each ; for Lse- 
titia a Tract of very good Land \v as laid out at a place call d Tul- 
pehockin about 70 Miles from Philaia, by young Rees Thomas, 
about 5 years since, by W m Aubrey's directions, at which, 
tho' it could not properly or regularly be done at that time, I 
thought it was much better to connive than oppose it. The 
next year our late Govern' placed the Palatines there, whom 
he had invited from Albany, who will certainly hold it, on some 



102 PAPERS RELATING TO 

terms or other, peaceably, by agreeing to an annual Rent or a 
reasonable purchase, if they can, but they are too numerous 
and resolute to be removed ; nor, since they were placed there 
by what they accounted an authority, would it be proper to 
endeavour their Dissapointm'. 

Rees Thomas, Sen r , has also, about two or three months since, 
run or mark'd out other ten thous d acres for your Niece & 
Daughter in law, Guli a , in hopes his Grandchild by her may be 
the better for it. This was his own proposal, at her or her pre- 
sent husband's request, with w oh he acquainted me before thy 
last came to hand, & I readily consented. 

About William's Share, which thou particularly recommends, 
1 have been anxious, but there are certain rich low Lands on 
Delaware, near a bund' 1 miles northward on a Streight Line, 
not far from a Dutch settlem',at a place called Mackhackoinack, 
in Jersey, and on the Confines of N. York Governm', w' 1 Set- 
tlem 1 is about 50 miles from Kingston or Esopus, on Hudson s 
River. A certain German of the Palatinate, named Gonradt 
Wyser, who was with thee at Ruscomb or London in the year 
1723, treating about Lands, recv'd a few Lines from thee at 
Lond. wrote from Ruscomb, w cb only shew that you had talk'd 
together about somewhat, but mention not so much as the 
word Land. A friend of his also made affidavit about some 
words that pass'd between thy Mother and Wyser concerning 
Land here. From these, that fellow has had the assurance to 
pretend a power from you to Sell Lands, and thereupon mad 
an agreem' with several People for parcels of those rich Tracts 
I have mentioned, upon which they have proceeded to purchase 
Rights of the Indians at excessive prices. Being informed of 
this, I did what lay in mypower to make these People sensible 
<>f the Cheat, that their Purchases of the Indians were against 
our Laws, and their agreem' with Wyser was of no validity. 
One J. Crook, of Kingston, in N. York Governm 1 , has wrote to 
thee about these Lands, but having no answer, he endeavoured 
to take a shorter method, w ch was to purchase in this town old 
unloeated Original Rights from thy father's sales in Engl' 1 , by 
Lease & Release, with a design to lay these on such parcels as 
they have paid for to the Indians. We, the Trustees, coming 
about ten days since to the knowledge of this, to prevent, as far 
as we could, such irregular practices, resolved to lay thy Nephew 
William's Right on these Lands, and have actually sent up the 
Surveyor Gen 1 , with two others, accompanied with one Mat- 
thew Hughes, a Justice of the Peace for Bucks County, a Magis- 
trate's presence being necessary, and they are now in most un- 
pleasant, severe winter weather upon the business, from w ch I 
wish they may return alive & in any tolerable state of health, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 103 

tor they have high, rugged mountains and some deep waters 
to pass, without any Road or Inhabitants, some good part of 
the way. There is not above 2 or 3 thous' 1 acres (they say) of 
that rich Land, and the adjoining is all Rocks & Hills ; yet, 
as it is not above GO miles or thereabouts from Hudson's River, 
the Dutch People of N. York (lovernm 1 sett a very great value 
upon it, and were it clear from Indian Claims, would sell readily 
for good Pay and at a high rate, perhaps 60 or 70 lbs p. 100 acres,if 
not more. These Bottoms, I mean, for the rest is good for 
nothing. I wish we may gett the Survey compleated without 
any opposition from the Indians, for w' h I have taken all possi- 
ble precautions, and then these Lands will be William's for so 
we shall return them. The Surveyor is ordered to take up 
some of the upland with the Low. He may lay out, perhaps 5 
or 0,000 acres there, if any, and the rest shall be laid out else- 
where, as we can find it. I admire, Springet writes nothing of 
his. I have not recv'd one Line from him since we parted at 
Uravesend, except two short Letters about other People's busi- 
ness, at their importunity, nor has Gov r Cordon had one. 
Keith values himself on an Interest in him, as he pretends, but 
we hope without reason. 

Your Resolution and Orders that no Land shall be sold here, 
till the Debts (I suppose) are paid, and your affairs settled, is 
doubtless very just & regular in it self, but you shew at the 
same time, that all my repeated Representations of the State 
of this Countrey, in affairs of property, of which no manner of 
notice is taken, have not falen under considei-ation, otherwise I 
think they must have been observed and mentioned. You may 
think, perhaps, that because they are rarely omitted, in any 
one of my Letters, they are brought in to fill up, and as words 
of course only ; If you think fitt to take them, so I have the less 
reason to be uneasie at the occasion of them. I shall only say 
here, that if they are a burthen to you, the subject has given 
me more trouble than any thing else in Life, but that I may 
putt final end to these acco" from me, and fully discharge my 
self, I shall here for the last time, I hope, summarily note the 
heads, that I have so reiteratedly and largely mentioned to 
you before, and you may either think & provide in y e case, or 
forbear as you shall judge most reasonably. We have many 
thousands of foreigners, mostly Palatines, so called, already in 
y e Countrey, of whom near 1500 came in this last summer ; 
many of them are a surly people, divers Papists amongst them, 
y e men generally well arm'd. We have from the North of Ire- 
land, great numbers yearly, 8 or 9 Ships this last ffall discharged 
at Newcastle. Both these sorts sitt frequently down on any 
spott of vacant Land they can find, without asking questions ; 



104 PAPERS RELATING TO 

the last Palatines say there will be twice the number next year, 
«& y e Irish say y e same of their People; last week one of these 
latter (y e Irish) applied to me, in the name of 400, as he said, 
who depended all on me, for directions where they should settle. 
They say the Proprietor invited People to come & settle his 
Countrey, they are come for that end, & must live ; both they 
and the Palatines pretend they would buy, but not one in 
twenty has anything to pay with. The Irish settle generally 
tow ds Maryland, where no lands can honestly be sold, till y e Dis- 
pute w ,h L d Bait, is decided. Every other part of your affairs 
here is also in confusion, owing to their unsettled State and 
disputes with you, to which ever sines thy ffather's Decease, 
we were in continual exped ation, that a few months would end 
them, for so your Letters generally imported, and from what I 
have now hinted, that Confusion will daily encrease, especially 
if you conclude, before you take any other measures, in rela- 
tion to their settlem', to make a complete one amongst your- 
selves, and to divide the Countrey into shares, proportionable 
to your several Interests, which you will find not only a difficult 
Task, but if we are to have different Proprietors, for the sev- 
eral parts of the Countrey the general Interest will sink, both 
in value and Reputation, and since you will scarce all reside here 
I suppose you will find it scarce practicable, in case of such a Di- 
vision, to gett proper persons to act severally for you, or to avoid 
extreme confusion. 

You have, doubtless, by this time thought of the methods you 
design to take, and it is not for me to advise. I shall, however, 
venture on this hint, that were it incumbent on me to propose 
measures for you, I should be extremely hard sett, or perhaps 
find it impossible to think of any other than that you should 
all agree joyntly to Injpower some persons to settle those People 
who have settled down on your Lands, either upon Rent or 
Purchase, and to remit all the money as fast as it is raised to 
one person in London, to be there divided according to your 
shares, unless any of you should think fitt to take a part here. 
It might be fitt also, that one of you, at least thy self especially, 
should come over to see with your own eyes, and to direct. 
But the great difficulty is that most of the Lands claim' d by the 
L rt Bait, on this side of Sasquehanna being entered on, no honest 
man will be willing to dispose of them for money, that is, on 
sale, 'till those claims are fully adjusted. I must further add 
that some general prices for Lands should be fix'd, for tho' I 
endeavoured to make the best of what Land was formerly sold, 
I can never be persuaded that such a method becomes the gen- 
eral Proprietor of a Countrey. Nor is it, I believe, consistent 
with the nature of the Royal Grant. The Crown everywhere 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 105 

for their Lands in the Plantations takes only a Quitt" of about 
2 Shills. , or 2 Sh. 6 Sterl. p. hund' 1 acres. Maryland always 
did the same till of late, that they take 40 Shills., Sterl. p. C. 
fee, and a Quittr 1 of 4 Shills. is reserved, of w ch nothing is paid 
so long as the Duty on the Importation of Tobacco mention' d 
in my last subsists. You may generally ten p ds this Money & 1 
Eng. Shill. Quittr' p. hund d , and in some places 15 lbs , which, 
I think, ought not to be exceeded at y e utmost, except when 
mannors are reserved, of w ch kind there is now but little left, 
thy father having sold 5000 acres out of each of the 3 Principal 
that were reserved, and those vacancies left in the maps under 
such Titles were, in a great measure shams, & have but very 
little left in them. 1 secured one at Conestogoe, w ch is of value, 
but y e L d Bait's claim reaches it, and I think at least 5000 acres 
of it should be laid out to Springet or to his Brother. Of those 
who have sate down on Lands, divers neither are, nor are likely 
to be, able to purchase them. They must, therefore, either be 
granted toothers who can compound with the People for their 
Improvem", or else to themselves on Rent, but then that will 
sound so high that it will be of ill consequence. In y c lower 
Counties, where the richest Lands lie, they bellow out ag st a 
penny p. acre as the most grievous oppression. Nay, even the 
arrears of a bush 1 of wheat p. C. are to them become intoler- 
able, but were the Dispute with L d Bait, over, what is now by 
no means practicable would then become easie, yet if a settlem' 
is kept in suspence on that acco 1 it may be doubted whether 
your Right & authority can be at all enforced without an army, 
for these Intruders will be all of one mind ; — That is, by some 
means or other to hold possession, and if they should unite, 
take head, & hold you at Bay, the remedy, where we have no 
executive Officer above a Sherif (and even he, by thy father's 
Indulgence, is chose by the People), will be exceeding diffi- 
cult. Thus, unask'd, I have freely given my sentm ,s , of w ch you 
will make such use as you may think most proper, & there I 
leave it. In my last I spoke very positively of my Intention to 
bring over my family to Europe in the Spring. My inducements 
are, that I would gladly be for some time absent out of this 
Province, and I would choose it now, when, by reason of the 
perplexity of your affairs and the constant applications made 
to me about Lands, as if the Hountrey were mine, (w ch applica- 
tions, with other Public business, take up by much the greater 
part of my time, 1 my Life is become intolerable. Could I doe 
you any real service, I could be the easier under it. I have, 
hitherto, endeavoured to possess People, as far as I could, with 
a just way of thinking in those matters, but to be thus con- 
stantly applied to, and, at the same time, to be able to say 



106 PAPERS RELATING TO 

nothing to any purpose, to propose nothing to their satisfac- 
tion, and still to see the disorders increasing, is enough to 
tempt any man to say, in direct terms, they may take their own 
measures or we can advise them to nothing. But further, I am 
now in y c 54 th year of my age, with a Constitution in all respects 
exceedingly broken, especially since my last violent fever, the 
effects of which I shall never gett over. This makes a Retirem' 
absolutely necessary for me, at any rate, from the business I 
have of late been engaged in. A voyage to Eng 1 ' 1 I proposed 
as an Introduction to it, but from some moment os from Na- 
ture, even since the date of my last, I am apprehensive it would 
be too hard for me to undertake the Removal of my whole 
family to begin a new Housekeeping there, & then in a little 
time to leave it again & return hither, on which terms alone, 
& difficulty even on these, my wife will consent to the Pro- 
posal. 1 doubt, therefore, I must only change the town for 
the Countrey, without thinking of any other Remove than my 
last great one* which I have very good reasons to believe can- 
not be very far distant. 

I would here end what I had to say of your property affairs, 
But as I cannot find that you correspond on these subjects with 
any other besides me in the Province, it may be convenient for 
me yet to add that there is an absolute necessity one of you 
should come over, with full Powers, or otherwise, without delay, 
to send them to some others. And in this last case, I should 
much rather choose to be intirely silent, but because, if it 
should be the case, you may he as intirely at a loss how to pro- 
ceed in it, I shall here give you my thoughts freely. I shall, 
therefore, say, that to have your business done well you must 
pay well, as others doe. One person should, have the whole 
Power of receiving, as I have generally had, but on terms more 
encouraging. I know none at present so fitt for it that would 
undertake it, for 'tis a most invidious as well as troublesome 
business, as James Steel, tho' I am not fully satisfied with his 
managem', and his acco ,s should be made up and Settled with 
the Commission" every six or twelve months at farthest, & for 
receiving all Quittr ts that he takes himself he shoul 1 have at 
least 7i p. Cent. The Commission" should be appointed to meet 
once at least every week, and each to have from the Receiver 
at least 6 Shills. ,or rather } for every day" s attendance, and even 
this is too little, and the Remittances should be made by one or 
two at most of the Commission", on the usual allowance of 5 p. 
C. The Receiver also should have 2^ p. Cent for all other moneys 
paid him besides Quittr ,s , because in these others there is much 
less trouble. 

But who these Commissioners should be I am verv much at 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 107 

a Loss. I. Norris seems resolved never more to be concerned, 
R. Hill, now he has lost his excellent wife, talks of going to 
Engl d . If he stays, perhaps he might accept. I know my as- 
sistance would for some time be useful, if not necessary, and 
when I live in y e Countrey, to have a Call once a week to town 
(my place being but 5 miles distant) might be a diversion. 
And, as I shall still Keep a Trading House in Philad'", with 
proper hands in my business, for a Plantation won't support 
my family, I should also be willing to be concern'd in that 
other part of making Returns, w ch , I believe, I might doe as 
much to your advantage as any other in the place. But this 
one d aye's attendance in the week on affairs of Land is all that 
I would by any means be confined to, besides that, by such a 
method, business might be done much more regularly and 
effectually. 

r-?'" As to the present or late Commiss rs , they have never hith- 
erto had any thing, save that at R. Hill's most reasonable In- 
stance, I agreed that all his Quittrents should be remitted for 
the years he is in Commission. I. Norris will doubtless expect 
the same, and both of them more, I believe. As for my part, 
I desire nothing but a Release from my present fatigues. They 
meet a few times in the year, Sign Wart 13 when prepared for 
them, and are ready at all times to advise heartily for your In- 
terest, w ch is all that can be expected, while I, who must gett 
my bread by Trade or want it, can truly say, that for these 14 
years past that I have putt all the profits arising from the Land 
or Receiver's Officer intirely out of my hands, am obliged to 
spend at least as much of my time on your business as my own, 
which I mention only to \ utt you in mind once more (and I 
hope for the last time) that I have a full & good Right to sue 
for my Discharge, yet, so far as I have mentioned, if you find 
that must be the method, I shall be willing to be still at your 
service. Always Provided, that we shall not, as formerly, be 
obliged to sell any Lands for a Consideration, the Title of w ch 
may afterw ds be disputed. As to naming the Commission 1 ^, I 
may be more particular in my next, when I have further time 
to advise with R. H. &. I. N. , and in the meantime shall pro- 
ceed to mention some other particulars, & then close this ted- 
ious Letter. 

Affairs of Gfovernm', I now leave generally to the Grovern rs 
pen, who, doubtless, advises you of his Proceedings, at New- 
castle. Keith has most unhappily seduced that once useful 
man, J. ffrench, who no longer acts y e part in which he for- 
merly was hearty, especially in relation to Maryland. 

A. Hamilton and I have been very sollicitious to gett an Act 
past below for the Administration there, on your Lieut 1 ' 9 De- 



108 PAPERS RELATING TO 

cease; but, tho', Andrew being on the Assembly, laboured it 
to his utmost, he could, by no means, carry one that was fit to 
be pass'd, yet both he and the Govern 1 " were of Opinion it was 
better to take any than leave them intirely loose, and they un- 
doubtedly judged right. The Goverir" is much disturbed at 
this act, but there is no Remedy at present. Perhaps, it may 
hereafter be mended, .las. Steel is now on his second Journey, 
to procure affidavits of Phil. Lloyd's progress through those 
Counties mentioned in my last, but y e People are exceeding 
shie and backward to make them. If they can be gott to goe 
by this ship, they may possibly be of considerable service ag ' 
the L' 1 Bait. , since the Crown may justly resent such practices on 
its Tenants, as some account these People ; but how far they 
are to be used, you can best judge there. A. Hamilton being 
placed at y e head of y e last Commission to the Magistracy of 
Kent County, was of great service there, at their last Court, 
about ten dayes since, in crushing a factious spirit, that there, 
above all other places, had gott to a great head. He has an 
Estate there, w ch occasioned his being chose for the County, as 
a Representative, & made his place in y e Commission the more 
proper. As to his Land, thou may remember, that in y c 
Draught, that piece lying between his Pasture & y e town Line, 
was called 6 or 7 acres, but, on a survey, it proves, by my com- 
putation, above 40. This running above half a mile on the 
town Line, I thought was not only more than was intended 
but also more than he has occasion to desire there, but he is 
willing, I find, to take in all the Lines will give, w ch is much 
more than the quantity mentioned, and for the overplus he 
would refer himself to you. What I alledge is, that 'tis much 
more than he wants in that place and that there is, by much, 
too little left for you, and. therefore, I would persuade him to 
take an equivalent in another place, where it might be better 
spared. He has, undoubtedly, as I have alwayes, and on all 
occasions, said, to, on mentioning his name, a great deal of 
merit, and, I am sure, I have no reason to incur his 111 will, 
in a point where you can judge for yo r selves, & I am no fur- 
ther concern 'd. 

I must now say further on what I closed my last Letf with, 
that all Paym ,s have been at a stand here on your acco', for some 
time past, because we doubted not, but y e Dickinson's money 
would have been pail, and that would have fully discharged 
the Mortgage, beyond w ch we have no manner of Power, and 
now before people will readily fall into the way of paying again, 
it will be necessary to send some new general Powers. In the 
mean time what can be done tow ds making remittances, shall 
be effected tow d3 the spring, but at present I am wholly unpro- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 109 

vided. I shall also endeavour to have all the acco ,s settled, as 
fast as possible, but must at present close this with due respect 
to thy self, brothers, Uncle, cVc. From 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

I suppose thou knows I refused the Secretaries office, for it 
would have only laid me under an obligation to act, without 

any due compensation for it, 30"' s of money $ an. 

being more than ever came to me from it of late years, tho' y e 
trouble is worth twice as much, the same trouble I have still 
in all disputed points, & doe it gratis. 

Postscript. — Your acco ,a shall be sett about, and gone through 
as thou desires, as fast as I can gett them dispatched ; but this 
Winter I have much business of my own, which has been long 
neglected, and tho' I can allow it very little, that certainly 
claims some of my time. I have said in this Lettf, on recom- 
mending J. Steel, that I am not fully satisfied with him, but 
this is not for his want of honesty or zeal, but such a degree of 
Diligence as I could wish for, but knows not where it is to be 
mett with. here, or how the Choice can be mended. Tho wilt 
observe, I suppose an inconsistency, between what I wrote in 
my Letf by Annis, of my Intention to see Engl' 1 in the spring, 
and what I have here said of my being nominated a Commis 
sioner. I truly condemn this latter part, on a more mature 
consideration, but I have really a zeal for your service, tho' I 
must at length regard myself, and thy Uncle to whom I now 
write, may explain the matter further. 

Thine, 

J. L. 



THE TRUSTEES TO THE PROPRIETARIES. 

[1728.] 
John, TJiomas £• Richard Penn: 

Esteemed Friends: Yours of the 30 th of January, with one 
Power to us, as Trustees named in your fathers will, to sell 
Lands in this Province, & another to take care of your Interest 
in Jersey, came safe to hand by Cap 1 Clark, wherein you referr'd 
us to a former of the 12" 1 of November, sent via New York to 
Henry Lane, inclosing a Counsellor's opinion that we needed 
not any List of the Debts in order to proceed in that Trust, 



110 PAPERS RELATING TO 

but the Ship, as we supposed, miscarrying at sea, by which 
these last were sent, we had never heard of them before. 

We have also received, by Cap 1 Annis, yours of the 24"' 5""', 
with Copy of your former, together with a Letter from Joshua 
(iee & John Woods, surviving Trustees of the Mortgage, advis- 
ing us that on the Paym' of £1100, by Jos. Dickinson, they had 
sufficient in their hands to discharge the Mortgage, & there- 
fore directing us for the future to remit no more to them, but 
to you, to which R. Hill, I. Norris, J. Logan, the agents con- 
cerned, now write you a particular answer. 

But these Letters we find you still continue your former Re- 
quest that we would Receive Rents, sell Lands, &c. , & remit 
money, to pay of your father's Debts, in pursuance of the 
Trust reposed in us by your father's Will, which we could not 
have expected after what we so plainly wrote to you by Cap' 
Annis last fall. 

But since, that perhaps may be forgot or laid aside. We 
shall here again, very plainly, give you our sentiments of your 
affairs with what is necessary to be paid of our selves, & we 
must earnestly request you to remember it as the serious & 
determinate Result of a Deliberate Consideration. 

As we formely observed, we cannot but retain a grateful 
sense of the respect shewn us by your worthy father, in nomi- 
nating us amongst the other Trustees in his will,& as well from 
thence, as from divers other Considerations, we should be in- 
duced very freely not to pay Regard to his memory, but to doe 
any reasonable service to his Posterity in our Power. 

But that we should from that nomination engage to act as 
your agents here, under the present circumstances of affairs, we 
conceive cannot be reasonably expected, nor is it, on many 
acco ,s , by an\ means proper for these Reasons. 

When the Will was made, you were all much under age, & 
uncapable of acts for your selves. Therefore, that justice might 
be done to Creditors, w lh out waiting for your coming to the 
state of manhood, & that an equal Distribution of the Estate 
might afterw ds be made amongst you, Trustees were appointed, 
of whom one half were resident in England & the others here. 

But, had you then been of age, your father could never have 
made an appointment for the Paym' of his Debt s , so disre- 
putable (& perhaps also, Disadvantageous) to you, th°, if he 
made not the distribution himself, 'tis probable he might have 
named Trustees for that purpose, that it might be done the 
impartially by persons wholly indifferent to the Interest. 

But, at the time the Will came into full force, the state of 
all concerned was intirely altered. Most of the Trustees had, 
by the course of nature, yielded to mortals, and you, on the 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. Ill 

other hand, were (as we suppose) all of full age, insomuch that 
without waiting for any assistance or concurrence of ours, you 
transacted the most material part of the Trust in making the 
Distribution & settlem 1 amongst your selves, w ch we were very 
well pleased to see done in your Mother's life time, and from 
thence we could not doubt but as soon as the Mortgage should 
be cleared you would take the like care to perform the other 
part also. 

We cannot, therefore, but think the obligation, w' h we should 
have believed incumbent on us to take care of your affairs in 
your minority, had the charge been then devolved on us, is 
now become intirely void, & that there remains nothing further 
to be expected from us than that we should joyn in some legal 
act to divest ourselves of that appearance of a Power that may 
seem, by the Letter, th" not the Intention of the Will to rest 
in us. 

We, therefore, take your renew' d application to us to pro- 
ceed in your business to be w" 1 no other view than that we 
should act as your agents or commissioners here; especially since 
you have taken of the only argum 1 that could have had weight 
\v Ul us, viz : the Paym' of your Father's Debts, w ch we might, by 
some means or other, have endeavoured to see done had we 
certainly known the sum, as we desired, & by that means could 
have seen a certain end to our Trust. But now, since that 
point of view is removed by your Counsel, we cannot consider 
your proposal as any other than, as we have said, an Inten- 
tion to engage us in your business as your agents here. 

Were it convenient for you, at this distance, to appoint any 
such, we could not, in this case, but acknowledge our selves 
obliged to you for the Regard shewn to us preferably before 
others. But we have already lett you fully know that such an 
engagem 1 cannot suit our respective circumstances. Such a 
business requires one particular person, well acquainted w" ' 
those affairs, to give a constant attendance, to receive applica- 
tions, to digest, prepare, & transact, in person, what is to be 
done, pursuant to the conclusions of the rest, when together, 
& J. L. has long acted in that station, but, doubtless, you can- 
not now but be sensible, that by a melancholy & uncommon 
accident, he is disabled from doing his own business, & finds 
himself obliged to retire from it into the Country, from whence 
he cannot take Journey into town, as he might have done, had 
he not mett w' h this Disaster, of w oh he has no expectation of 
ever being cured. Two more of us, also, live out of town, & 
cannot duly attend, and the other cannot, in his present Con- 
dition, undergoe it; from whence you will easily see, that it's 



112 PAPERS RELATING TO 

impracticable for us to execute &, therefore, we cannot, nor 
would it be just in us, to undertake the Charge. 

But you have been further given to understand, that it's, by 
no means, fitt for any, but one at least, of your selves, to begin 
the reducing of the Proprietary affairs of this Countrey into 
order. A great noise has been made about the price of Lands, 
while they are not to be disposed of, th° but few have much 
to give for them, and we are sensible that your Expectations & 
opinion of their value must be great. We conceive it impos- 
sible, therefore, for any men to proceed to sell Lands w lh out 
incurring more censure, (&, perhaps, at all hands,) than any 
prude"ht person would think it a Iviseable to undergoe. There 
is also an absolute necessity that further Purchases from the In- 
dians should be made, without delay, w oh cannot be done so 
advantageously, or satisafactorily by any, as by some of your- 
selves,by reason of the regard that has industriously been kept 
up in these People, to your father's memory, in all our Treaties 
& communication with them. 

And since the necessity of it is so evident that some of you 
should come over w^out delay, we cannot but think it might 
be very suitable to John, in all his present circumstances, as 
far as we can make any judgm' of them, to undertake the Voy- 
age, w th need not be thought discouraging, for in a good ship 
& season of the year, to a person in health, 'tis but a diversion. 
The objection that the Debts ought first to be paid, we conceive, 
as has formerly been said, to be none ; for, if they have lain 
long, the creditors may be the better satisfied to see measures 
entered on that will expedite the Payment much sooner than 
any other that can be. From J. L. 's acco 1 we may hope that 
the overplus of Dickinson's Paym', w th the Rest he made last 
fall & this spring,must have putt into your hands several hun- 
dreds cibove discharging the mortgage, w ch may be ap- 
plied to pay of the most pressing, & the rest.by such a voyage, 
may be answered much the sooner. 

The most material Difficulty is the Difference with the L' 1 
Baltimore, which, we are very sensible, is of great weight. But 
the same is an equal objection to the settlem t ,& must be a much 
greater w th others, who may be desired to undertake the Dis- 
posal of those Bordering Lands. This therefore, undoubtedly 
ought, by all possible means, to be press 'd to an agreem', and 
if it cannot be done in time, some other measure must be 
taken for a settlem 1 . 

As soon as those measures are resolved on, it will not be 
Difficult, we believe, to raise considerable sums of money, th'o 
it may not be so easie to find ways of remitting it. One method 
for raising it we think proper at this time to mention <& recom- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 113 

mend to you, w ch is to dispose, as soon as may be, of the Reser- 
vation in the Bank Lotts of Phil*. A considerable part of the 
most valuable were sold (we find) by your father's order,not long 
after his last departure from hence, and now the term draw- 
ing near to an end for the Rest, 'tis believed it may be for your 
Interest to compound for & release the whole in time, for the 
Grants by w ch these Reservations are made are so weak & ill 
drawn, without taking Counterparts or putting them on record 
(for till J. L. came into the office the method of Recording 
Patents had never been observed)that it is thought by the most 
skillful in the Law it will be a very difficult point to recover, 
for want of Instruments or vouchers to. 

If the Confusion of all Proprietary affairs, occasioned by the 
great numbers of & People from Ireland crowding into the 
count rey, we suppose 'tis altogether needless to make any 
mention here, because that matter, we understand, has repeat- 
edly been represented. Therefore, recommending what has 
been said here to your serious consideration, We conclude with 

due Respect. 

Your assured friends, 

RICH. HILL, 
ISAAC NORRIS, 
SAM 1 PRESTON, 
JAMES LOGAN. 



THE PROPRIETARIES TO THE TRUSTEES. 

London, April 24"-, 1728. 
Esteemed Friends : When wee gave you the Trouble of our 
Letter the second of August last, wee then expected our dis- 
pute with our Cousin Springett Penn in relation to the Gov- 
ernment of Pensilvania would the next Term have been de- 
termined, and, thereupon, for some time wee have defered 
sending you over an exemplification of the decree by which our 
Father's Will in the Exchequer Court was established think- 
ing by the next ships wee should have been able to send one 
which would finally have determined all our ffamily disputes. 
but as the Crown seems unwilling to give us any answer to the 
Contract made by our Father with the late Queen, (tho' no 
time or pains has been spared to solicit one, )the Court will not 
proceed in deciding it, and, therefore, wee have now taken out 
the decree, under the proper seals, by which you will be fully 
8-Vol. VII. 



114 PAPERS RELATING TO 

impower'd to take upon you the Trust our Father has given 
you hy his Will, and, therefore, wee must beg you'l be so kind 
to begin as soon as possible with the first part thereof, which 
is to endeavour to raise what moneys you can, either from out- 
standing debts for lands sold, from quitrents due, or from 
sale of Lands to any persons that are willing to Purchase the 
same. 

A nd on this head wee must beg leave to observe, that as within 
these few years there have been several persons, as well others 
as Palatines, that have seated themselves on Lands without 
purchasing them, wee think moneys, more than sufficient to pay 
all our Fathers debts might be raised from'settling with them, 
without the sale of any other Lands, and as wee have been in- 
formed many of these people are not in a Condition to pay the 
full purchase their settlements are worth, they might (if you 
thought propper) be granted them on their paying a less con- 
sideration and raising the quitrent in proportion, which, con- 
sidering the part of the purchase money abated to be entirely 
lost, must not be calculated to the Common Interest,bat at 
leas, at three p. Cent. more. 

The moneys to be so raised by you as Trustees, you will find 
on revising the Will, must be only from debts due since the 30 th 
day of July, 1718, (the day of our Father's decease,) or Lands 
to be now sold, which is all that is to be applyed towards pay- 
ment of any debts and when in hand should be remitted over 
here to us or one of us, (if you think it propper,) or the neat 
proceeds of any Goods sent ordered into our hands towards 
payment of the same, exact accompts of which wee must send 
over, by the next conveyance, to you for your approbation till 
all the debts are paid. 

Wee, likewise, in our before mentioned Letter, informed you 
that we should send with the decree an Instrument in which 
wee should request your acting in the Trust, and signify our 
concurrence and approbation therein, but having further con- 
sidered on and been advised by able Council in that affair, we 
find it is in such strong terms reposed in you that no concur- 
rence of ours will in any respect be of service, you being by the 
Will authorized to sell and dispose of what Lands you think 
propper as fully as our Father was ever capable to do. 

Wee shall always retain a grateful sense of the many services 
you have long and still continue to our Family, for which we 
must ever acknowledge ourselves to be 

Your much obliged Friends, 

JOHN PENN, 
THO. PENN. 
RICH" PENN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 115 



ISAAC NORRIS AND OTHERS TO JOSEPH DICKINSON. 

9 br , 1728. 

ffriesd Joskph Dickinson : Last Week we recev'd thine 
of the 19"' of Angst., advising of thy arrival in London, where 
thou intended to Discharge thy fathers Debts ; that thou hadst 
told the Penns, if they would give security, that the Bonds, 
Mortgages, & Deeds for Springetsbury Mannor should be de- 
livered to ffra. Jones here, thou wouldst pay the money there; 
also, that thou wouldst pay what is due to Arch. Hope, to his 
Attorney, upon their giving the like security for the delivering 
the Mortgage of his House, &c. 

It is, indeed, full time these Debts, with all others, due from 
your father's estate, were discharged, being now above six 
year since his Decease ; but thy requiring security, from those 
to whom the money is due, is what we doe not very well com- 
prehend. The money on your father's Bond, for the Land, 
was payable in London, and so 'tis by the Mortgage. Now, if 
it be there paid to Henry Groldney, Joshua Gree, John Woods, 
At Thomas Oade, or the survivors of them, or to any of them, 
and they receive it. as a full discharge of the Bond and Mort- 
gage, it thereby becomes effectually discharged, so soon as 
Proof of that Paym' is produced here, and, if this Proof & Dis- 
charge be further entered on the Margin of y c Record of that 
Mortgage, as our Law in such cases, directs, it is as effectually 
cancelled & made void, to all intents and purposes, in the Law, 
as if you had Hie utmost securities that could be given. The 
same holds in like manner for that to Archibald Hope. The 
intention in both was that the money should be paid, and, 
when that is done to the persons who have y e Right to re- 
ceive it, there is no further occasion for securities. On produc 
ing this the Law, of Course, does all the rest in your favor, &, 
as the Mortgages become as blanks, they will be delivered to 
whom you please. 

We shall be well pleased to receive the notice thou mentions, 
from Rich' 1 Champion, that the Debt to him is answered, for 
'tis but a few dayes since his Attorney talk'd of entering an 
action for it. 

There are some other Judgem" obtain d here, viz : one by 

Sarah Wright, for £ , and another by H. Badcoke, 

for £ , to answer which. Lands must be sold by the 

Sherif. But, first, the Mortgages must be answered, on both 
which there are Ord" to proceed .according to law. How far 



116 PAPERS RELATING TO 

thy Lett 1- may procure some delay is uncertain, since it mani- 
festly turns on Punctilios that are out of the case. We shall 
gettthem putt off, we believe, till after our next December 
Court, &, if they should be entered in March, Judgem' can not 
be obtained till June. Your Proofs of the Paym" there may be 
produced here. For whatever our Treat-in' has been, we shall 
not be wanting in our regard to your father's memory. But 
those who have so long been so unreasonably kept out of their 
money cannot be blamed for taking the aid of the Law to re- 
cover their due, to which, when you, his children, duly con- 
sider your own Interest & Reputation, you will not fail to con- 
tribute. We heartily wish all your welfare, an ace' of w ch would 
always be acceptable to 

Thy ffriends. 
(Indorsed ':) 
I. N., J. L., R. H., to Jos. Dickinson. 



THE PROPRIETARIES TO THE TRUSTEES. 

Lond", Nov r IT ", 1728. 
Respected Friends, Richard Hill, Isaac Norris, Sam 
Preston & James Logan : 

We are glad to find by James Logan's Letter, of the 28"' of 
June, that the exemplification of the Decree of the Court of 
Excheq r , Confirming our Father's Will, was come safe to your 
hands; and as the Mortgage Trust is now come so near to an 
end as that, if Joseph Dickenson performs what he has prom- 
ised, There will not want above fifty pounds to pay it off, so 
that then you will have no more Trouble in that affair. But 
we must make it our request that you will Continue your 
Friendly offices to us in the execution of the Trust to which 
our Father nominated you in his will, for the Raising money 
out of the lands to pay his Debts, (which we must observe to 
you, is only from the sale of Lands and Quitrents that have be- 
come due since the 30 th of July, 1718, being the day of his death. ) 
( Conveying the Legacies to his Daughter & Grand -children; and 
the remainder to us. 

To make you the more easy & safe in the Execution of which, 
we herewith send you an Instrument duly executed by us in- 
vesting you with full Powers to act in the said Trust as you 
yourselves shall see most proper. And we again desire you will 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 117 

use your utmost endeavors to remit moneys with as much dis- 
patch as Possible, which will be a means to make both your- 
selves and us easy. &, further, to Convince you of the safety 
with which you may discharge the Trust, we also send you 
herewith an opinion of Councils Willes, (one of the King's 
Councill, & a Welch Judge,; by which you may observe, he 
thinks it advisable to Reniitt moneys to us, or one of us; & 
therefore, we would desire you to remitt any Bills of Exchange 
to our Bro r John Penn, as he is administrator, with Directions 
to apply it to that use, & what effects you send otherwise, to 
lett them be consign'd to John Askew, with orders to pay the 
neat Proceeds to J. Penn. Put before we leave this head, (as 
we Conceive there will be much more than sufficient to pay all 
debts, which amount to about £2900 Ster, ,) we must request 
you will not sell any mannors that are laid out for our use! 
neither the Reverson of any of the Bank Lotts,a perticular 
account of the number and Tenor of the Leases, of which we 
must desire you will order to be made out and sent us, That 
we may have as Clear Idea of that part of the estate, which 
hitherto, we have had little information of. 

We are not without hopes that there is much more due from 
Palatines and others, that have settled on lands for some years 
Past, than will be sufficient for our Present Exigencies; and 
that there is also several Thousand pounds on Bond due from 
others, who bought Lands many years since, which it is now 
hightime to Call upon for payment, & Therefore, we think it 
Requisite that you should give them all notice to hand in their 
money, allowing them some Reasonable time to provide it, and 
if there should be any that Cannot raise it, we think you may 
Justly require That they should submitt their estates to a Rent 
charge Equivalent to the Principal & Interest, & that such as 
should neglect to pay or give that satisfaction, should be Com- 
pel I'd to it by Law. 

We look upon the purchasing of the Indian Claims to any of 
the Lands that have been, or may be settled, to be a matter of 
great Consequence, & therefore, we desire that you will Take 
the most prudent measures which occur to you to accomplish 
it, especially, That of Turpehockin, & what you Can Reason- 
ably thereabout concerning which you had so great a Dispute 
in your Treaty with the Indians. 

The Lands in the Jerseys, we think, Likewise requires some 
Immediate management, for which end we have also sent you 
a full power of Attorney, requesting you to gett any that is 
untaken upp allotted as soon as you Can, and receive for us 

any Rents & arriers of Rents that may be due from 

be remitted as moneys from the Province for the Payment of 



118 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Debts, and, as it may be inconvenient to you to Transact any- 
thing of it yourselves, we desire you would appoint such at- 
torney or attorneys as you think Proper, allowing them a 
Reasonable Compensation for their Trouble. And we also de- 
sire, as soon as the Titles, Tracts, & Debts Due on them can be 
settled, they would draw out an exact list, which we request 
you would send over to us. 

We are not without Consideration that the management of 
these affairs must give you a great deal of Trouble, and, altho' 
we Cannot propose a gratuity equale to your desert, yett we 
are far from expecting that you should spend so much of your 
time& Care without some acknowledgement, and Therefore we 
desire you will take to yourselves the usuale Commission of 5 p. 
C upon sales, and the same on the Returns you shall make us, 
unless you Would in Lieu of the First, rather accept each J p. 
Diem, to meet one day in a Week for the Dispatch of our af- 
fairs, & we wish we Could make it better worth your while when 
divided amongst you. We are with Respect, 
Your assured Friends, 

JOHN PENN, 
THO. PENN, 
RICH* PENN. 

P. S. I must tak& this opportunity to acknowledge the Re- 

cept of your Letter of the to my Coz" Springett 

& self, and am asham'd it is not, before this time, answerd, 
hut as it was a Joynt Letter, & he has not since been in Town, 
I must Request you'l excuse us iill the next oppertunity. 

J. PENN. 



THE PROPRIETARIES TO JAMES LOGAN. 

London. Nov. 11, 1728. 
James Logan: 

Esteemed Friend : A few days after our last of the 9"' of 
Oct r , By Daniel Cox, yours of the 29 th of July came to our 
hands, acknowledging the receipt of the Decree of the ex- 
echquer, which we are glad is at last arrived, and, altho' some 
accidents thenhindred your meeting to Consult thereupon, we 
take your letter for their answers, tho' they are not nominally 
Included, and herewith we send over proper Letters of Attor- 
ney, to do what may be reasonable in tho execution of the 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 119 

trust, and also an opinion of Councill, to show you need he 
under no apprehension of Danger from the Debts Due from 
the estate, but that 'twill be sufficient for you to reinitt moneys 
to us for their Discharge. 

Wee are much surprised to hear that there should be such a 
report spread that S. Penn had appealed to the house of Lords, 
when we ourselves are entire strangers to it, and don't believe 
he has any such Intention. As to the making Returns, we 
leave it intirely to your selfe and the other trustees. As you 
will see by their Letter, only the most expeditious way will he 
Certainly the best, but as to that part of building ships, it 
will by no means at present answer, because it will not suit us 
to advance money for the purchase other stores here, other- 
wise we should well approve of that way. Skins or Iron, as 
there is a prospect, may answer, but you must Certainly be 
more capable of Judging than us, as haveing been always Con- 
cerned in that Trade. 

We have made some enquirys about the success of Wood's 
Patent, and have been Informed 'tis not likely to answer here. 
What the Parliament may do to prevent your making Barr 
Iron we Can't Determine, butt we have heard some of the 
ministers have it under their Consideration. However, as affairs 
of Greater Consequence will be on the Tapis at their meeting, 
that may, perhaps, prevent their Doing anything this sessions. 

The three next heads we having sufficiently answered to the 
trustees, need not take up any of your time thereupon. As to 
what you say of settling of lands, wee Conceive it reasonable for 
you entirely to Discourage settling on any lands towards Mary- 
land, and what to Do with those already there we Cannot tell, 
but we think the best way will be to let them alone, tho', if 
there is no other reason for not bringing them to a rent Charge 
than the small value the proprietor of Maryland sets on his 
lands, yet we have been informed they have several heavy 
Taxes (to the Clergy, &c. ,) that more than Counterbalance it, 
and we likewise think 'tis very unjust the Tenants in the lower 
Countys should now think it hard to pay l d p. acre rent when 
their ancestors took it on that Consideration, and they should, 
in any indisputable places, be Compelled to it. As to a price 
for Lands, we Can b\ no means fix it At this Distance ; different 
sorts of Lands, and in Different situations, are of Different 
Vallues, which you are much more Capable to know then we 
ourselves, and, therefore, we must leave it intirely to you to 
make as good an agreement as you Can. 

Wee are thoroughly sencible of the Great Disadvantage S r 
William Keith's management has been to our Interest, but we 
hope now he is in England the People will Coole in their Zeal 



120 PAPERS RELATING TO 

to his Party, so that we may get a good Assembly Chose. Wh 
observe you seem to think That it is hardly Practicable to keep 
a Distinct account of what money was Due before the Death 
of our Father and what have been due since. We Can by no 
means be of the same opinion with you, Provided any account 
of what each Tenant pays is kept, because, when we see how 
much has been due since the first Settlement of Land to the 
time of his death, and it amounts to more than has been re- 
ceived, such an one is Certainly D r the Balance as personal 
estate to us, and such sums are not to be j)aid the Trustees, but 
your selfe, by Virtue of the Power of Attorney sent you by J. 
Penn in that behalfe. 

Wee observe what you say of a Rent Charge, and we are of 
opinion that for any Land you Cant well get in money for, if it 
is worth ten pounds p. C 1 you should submit it to a Rent Charge 
of Elleaven shillings p. annum, as 5 p. C for ever for the money 
y e 4 p. C l quitrent, but not with a Condition to Determine on 
payment of the moneys, and as your Interest is 6 p. C, it is no 
Dearer than what is Reasonable. 

We are obliged to you for the accounts sent us of y e Jerseys, 
and by the next opportunity shall be more full thereupon. 
Butt we have wrote to the trustees, and have also sent them 
a separate Power of Attorney on that score. We shall Endea- 
vour to find Rebecca Haig. if she is anywhere about Town. 

Wee send you herewith a Letter from John Page and a Deed 
from our Father To Herbert Springett for 500 Acres, which Ave 
Desire may be laid out for him. 

Wee must refer you to our next for an answer to Durham 
Lands, in which we shall observe the rules of strict Justice, & 
are, with Esteem, 

Your assured Friends, 

JOHN PENN. 
THO. PENN, 
RICH d PENN. 

P. S. — This comes under the Cover of Hen. Lane, by the two 
sisters, Cap' Lukas, Commander. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



121 



QUALIFICATION OF FOREIGNERS. 



ANNO RKGNI SKPTIMO ANN,*; REGINCE. (1708.) CHAP. CLT, III. 

Confirmed by the Queen in Council, Feb" 20, 1713. 
And whereas, divers of the Protestants, or Reformed Religion, 
who were inhabitants of High and Low Germany, above Five 
and Twenty Years ago, embraced the Invitations, &c. 



Francis Daniel Pastorius, 

Casper Hoodt, 

Cunrad Cunrads, and his three 

sons, 
Mathias Cunrads, and John 

Cunrads, 
Dirk Keyser, and his son Peter 

Keyser, 
John Lucken, 
Abraham Tunes, 
Reiner Tysen, 

Isaac Dilbeck, and his son Jaco- 
bus Dilbeck, 
John Doedon, 
Henry Seller, 
Dirk Jansen, Jun. , 
Richard Vander Weif, and his 

son John Rocloffs Vander 

Weif, 
Peter Shoemaker, 
George Shoemaker, 
Mathias VanBebbe, 
Peter eleven, 
Paul Engell and his son Jacob 

Engell, 
Hans News, 
Reiner Vander Sluysand his son 

Adrian Vander Sluys. 
Jacob Goetshalek Vander Heg- 

gen and his son Gaebshalek 

Vander Heggen, 
Casper Kleinhoof, 
Herman Tuyner, 
Paul Klinupges and his son 

John Klinupges, 
John News and his son Matthias 

News and Cornelius News, 
Casper Stalls, 



John Jawart, 
Dennis Kunders, 



William Strepers, 
Lenard Arrets, 
John Lenson, 



Cornelius Fierts, 
Walter Simons, 
John Strepers, Sen. 



Jacob Shoemaker, 
Isaac Shoemaker, 
Cornelius Vander Geage, 
George Gottschick, 



Henry Bucholtz, 



Clans Ruttinghuysen, 
Henry Tubben, 



122 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



William Hendricks and his sons 
Hendrick Hendricks and Law- 
rence Hendricks, 

Johannes Rohenstock, 

John Henry Kirsten, 

John Conrads, Sen. , 

Stnvves Bartells and Ins son 
Henry Bartells, 

John Krey and his son William 
Krey, 

Conrad Jansen, 

Glaus Jansen and his son John 
Jansen, 

Evert In Hoff and his sons Ger- 
hard In Hoff, Herman In Hoff 
and Peter In Hoff, 

Peter Jansen, 

Thomas Eckelswick, 

Peter Scholl. 

William Putts, and 

All of the County of Philadelphia, 

the County of Bucks. 



Henry Kessel berry, 
Peter Verbyner, 
John Radvvitzer, 
John Gorgages, 



William Janson 



John Smith, 
Johannes Scholl, 
Gabriel Schuler, 
Matthias Tysen. 
and Johannes Bleikers, of 



A\.\0 RKfJNI TERTIO GEORGII RKHIS. (1720.) CHAP. CCCXII. 

" Whereas,"' divers Protestants, who were subjects to the 
Emperor of Germany, a Prince in Amity with the Crown of 
Great Britain, transported themselves and Estates into the 
Province of Pennsylvania, between the years one Thousand 
Seven Hundred and One Thousand seven hundred and Eigh- 
teen : 



Martin Mylin, 
Christian Stoneman, 
Francis Neiff, 
George Kindick, 
John Burkholder, Jun. 
Michael Bohman, 
John Frederick, 
.Martin Harnist, 
Felix Landis, Jun., 
John Funk, 
John Taylor, 
Michael Mire, 
Peter Humgarner, 
Melchor Erisman, 



Hans Graaff, 
Jacob Funk, 
Francis Neiff, Jun., 
John Burkholder, 
Abraham Burkholder, 
John Hess, 

Christopher Preniman, 
Joseph Bnckwalter, 
Adam Preniman, 
John Bohman, 
Henry Neiff, 
Henry Bare, 
Melcor Hufford, 
John Bru baker, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



123 



Jacob Nisley, 

Jacob (root, 

Jacob Mire, 

Joseph Stoneman, 

Christian Peelman, 

John Henry Neiff, Jim., 

John Fiere, 

Hans Jacob Snevely, 

Peter Tordea, 

Andrew Coffman, 

Henry Funk, 

John Mylin, 

John Coffman, 

Charles Christopher, 

John Honser, 

Jacob Miller, (black.) 

Emanuel Carpenter, 

Daniel Herman, 

Philip Fiere, 

(Big) John Shank, 

Jacob Snevely, Jun. , 

John Croyder, 

John Stampher, 

Peter Smith, 

Jacob Bare, Jun., 

Jacob Weaver, 

John Weaver, 

George Weaver, 

Woolrick Houser, 

Henry Musselman, 

Jacob Miller, 

Martin Miller, 

Hans Goot, 

John Jacob Light, 

Christopher Franciscus, 

Frederick Stay, 

John Shwope, 

Jonas Lerew, 

John Aybe, and 

All of Lancaster County, 



Hans Snevely, 
John Woolslegle, 
Christopher Sowers, 
Daniel Ashleman, 
John Henry Neiff, 
Abraham Hare, 
Jacob Biere, 
Peter Leaman, 
Isaac Coffman, 
Woolrick Rodte, 
Roody Mire, 
Jacob Bheme, 
Michael Donedor, 
Andrew Shu Its, 
Christian Preniman, 
Henry Carpenter, 
Gabriel Carpenter, 
Christian Herman, 
Mat bias Slareman, 
Jacob Churts, 
John Woolrick Houvnr, 
John Leeghte, 
Martin Graaf, 
Peter Neacomat, 
John Henry Bare, 
Henry Weaver, 
David Longanickar, 
Abraham Mire, 
John Mire, 
Michael Shank, 
Jacob Miller, Jun. , 
Peter Aybe, 
Christian Staner, 
Adam Brand, 
Caspar Loughman, 
John Line, 
Bastian Boyer, 
Simeon King, 
Everard Ream. 

in the said Province, and 



John Naglee, 
John Wistor, 
John Philip Bohm 



Bernard Refoe, 
John Frederick Ax, 
Anthony Yerkhas, and Herman 
Yerkhas. 
Of the County of Philadelphia, in the same Province. 



124 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



ANNO RBGNI OCTAVO GEORGII II REGIS. (1734. 
CCCXXXVI. 
John Diemer, David Scholtze, 

Peter Hillegas, Wilhelm Ziegler, 

Paulas Kripner, Jacob Siege] s 

George Scholtze, Ulrich Allen, 

Caspar Ulrich, Henry Van Axen, 

John I den, Adam Klamter, 

Anthony Benezet, of the City of Philadelphia. 



CHAP 



Anthony Bohni, 
Adam Romich, 
Joseph Graff, 
Michael Berger, 
Alexander Dihl, 
Gottlieb Herger, 
Adam Galar, 
Peter Souber, 
Hans AViegert, 
Johannes Birwer, 
Jacob Kemp, 
John Souber, 
Christian Weber, 
Martin Pitting, 
Conrad Kustor, 
Anthony Zadoreski, 
Andreas Kraver, 



Conrad Bensell, 
Frederick Reymer, 
Henry Slingloff, 
George Souber, 
Jacob Bowman, 
Daniel Schoner, 
Nicholas Leisher, Jun. 
Conrad Reble, 
Christopher Mink, 
Sebastian Rieff Schneider 
Jacob Hill, 

Abraham Zimmerman 
Nicholas Keyser, 
Conrad Keer, 
Jacob Dubre, 
Hans Pingeman, 
Lodwick Pitting, 



of the County of Philadelphia. 



John George Kinkner, 
Peter Schneider, 
Christian Klimmer, 
Joseph Eberhart, 
John Brecht, 
George Zeitweitz, 
Ulrick Rubel, 
Diter Gauff, 



George Donat, 



John George Beard, 
Michael Weidler, 
Peter Entzminger, 
Jacob Byerly, 



William Morey, 
John Joder, 
John Joder, Jun., 
Michael Eberhart, 
Henry Schneider, 
Michael Weber, 
Jacob Kangweer, 
Henry Rinker, 
of the County of Bucks. 

Garret Brownback, 
of the County of Chester. 

John Casper Stover, 
Frederick Elberschiedt, 
Jacob Kersberger, 
Jacob Leman, 



and Michael Byerly, 

in the Countv of Lancaster. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



125 



ANNO REGNI DUODECIMO 

Johannes Dylander, 
Henry Shocklier, 
Daniel Steinmetz. 
David Deshler, 
David Seesholz, 
Hans George Hickner, 
Rudolph Bonner, 
J ohannes Zacharias, 
Daniel Mackred, Jr., 
Charles Reebe Camp, 
Anthony Hinkel, 
William Rereigh, 
Christopher Rhoab, 
Ludwiek Knaus, 
Leonhard Christler, 
Ludovic Cirkel, 
George Creesman, 
Andreas Trombauer, 
Hartinann Dettermen, 
Leonhard Hartleim, 
Joseph Cub, 

Johan Dieterick Bauman 
Priedrick Martstaeller, 
Johannes Bender, 
Adam Moser, 
Samuel Gooldin, 
.lacob Frey, 
Andreas Geisberts, 
Jacob Aister, 
Benedict us Muntz, 
Michael Herger, 
Conrad Dotterer, 
Herman Fisher, 
Philip Labar, 
Michael Datterer, 
< !onrad Kolb, 
Johan Miller, 
Henry Smith, 
Rowland Smith, 
Daniel Kreestman, 
Michael Good, 
Henry Sneyder, 
Christopher Ottinger, 
Nicholas Jager, 



GEORGII II REGIS. ( 1738-39. ) CHAP. 
CCCXLVIII. 

Christian Grassold, 
Michael Jansen Hailing, 
Johannes Smith. 
Hans George Passage, 
Stephen Greiff, 
Sebastian Mirry, 
Baltzar Resser Jun. , >» 
Charles Benzel, Jun., 
Justice Reebe Camp, 
Jacob Gallete, 
Peter Righter, 
Henry Shoub, 
Casper Singer, 
William Hauke, 
Johannes "Wilhelm, 
Ludovic Hinninge, 
Frederick Gotshall, 
Jacob Trombauer, 
Philip Engbert, 
Michael Kleim, 
Henry Deenig, 
Johan Kleim, 
Matthias Koplin, 
Henry Deeringer, 
Peter Jar^er, 
Hans George Jarger, 
Christopher Witman, 
Andreas Jager, 
Andreas Kepler, 
Johan Ligster, 
Philip Haan, 
Bernhard Dotterer, 
Friedrick Hilleejas. 
Michael Knappenberger, 
George Hubner, 
George Philip Dotterer, 
Jacob Freeh. 
Leonharte Smith, 
Michael Kraus, 
Abraham Beyer, 
George Good, 
Adam Reed, 
Anthony Jager, 
Johan Henry Weebe, 



126 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



Johan Jacob Roth, 

and Christian Gendy, of the 

Henry Bernhard, 

and Adam Scheffer, of the C 

Michael Albert, 

Leonhard Bender, 

John Bushung, 

John Hagey, 

Stephen Remsberger, 

Jacob Bare, jun, 

Michael Becker, 

Christian Lauer, 

Bartholomew Shaver, 

Jacob Becker, 

Peter Rutt, 

Panl Littenhoffer, 

George Ludovic Herst, 

Johan Henry Basseler, 

Jacob Schlong, 

Felix Miller, 

Fredrick Eigelberger, 

Hans Adam Schreiner, 

Caspar Tiller, 

Leonhard Ellmaker, 

Hans Graff, 
Theophilus Hartman, 
Benjamin Witmer, 
Johannes Pinkley, 
Henry Neaf. Jr., 
Henry Basseler, 
Leonhard Remeler, 
Peter Schell, 
Nicholas Miller, 
Thomas Koppeheffer, 
Christian Leinan, 
Jacob Scheffer, 
Jacob Etshberger, 
( Jasper Reed, 
Nicholas Kntts, 
Christopher Ley, 
Hans Moon. 
George Steitz, 
and George Graff. 

Inhabitants of the County 
testant or Reformed Religion 



Johannes Geldbagh, 
City & County of Philadelphia. 

Mickel Neace, 
ounty of Bucks. 

William Albert, 

George Miller, 

Nicholas Candle, 

Charles Keller, 

Ludovic Dettenbern, 

John Leiberger, 

John Peter Cooher, 

John Libough, 

Casper Stump, 

Tobias Pickel, 

George Klein, 

Matthias Tise, 

Sebastian Graff, 

Matthias Jung, 

Henry Michael Iminel, 

Martin Weybrecht, 

Sebastian Fink, 

Christian Lang, 
Anthony Bretter, 

Andreas Bensinger, 
Jacob Hartman, 
Theophilus Hartman, Jun. 
Adam Witmer, 
Burst Buckwalter, 
Valentine Hergelrat, 
Johan Stetler, 

Leonhard Heyer, 
Johan Hohaker. 
Johan Hock, 
Michael Kopenheffer, 
George Unrook, 
Valentine Keffer, 
Herman Walburn, 
Christian Manusmith, 
George Weyrick, 
Jacob Lower, 
Johannes Blum, 
Erasmus Buckenmeyer, 

of Lancaster, being of the Pro- 

558 names. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



127 



ANNO REGNI QUARTO GEORGII II REGIS. CHAP. CCCXXir. (17o0.) 
An Act for the better enabling divers Inhabitants of the Pro- 
vince of Pennsylvania, to hold Lands; and to invest them 
with privileges of Natural born Subjects of the said Province. 
Whereas, by the encouragement given by the Honourable 
William Penn, Esq., late Proprietary and Governor of the Pro- 
vince of Pennsylvania, and by the Permission of his late Maj- 
esty King George the First, of blessed Memory, and his Prede- 
cessors, Kings and Queens of England, &c. , divers Protestants, 
who were subjects to the Emperor of Germany, a Prince in 
Amity with the Crown of Great Britain, transported them- 
selves and Estates into the Province of Pennsylvania, and since 
they came hither have contributed to the enlargement of the 
British Empire, and have always behaved themselves religiously 
and peaceably, and have paid a due regard and obedience to 
the Laws, and Government of this Province. 
And Whereas, many of the said persons, to wit : 



Peter Wentz, 
Dielman Kolb. 
Michael Zeigle, 
Johannes Fried, 
Valentine Hansucker, 
Johannes Koocker, 
Hubbard Kassel, 
Jacob Herman, 
Christopher Zimmerman, 
Bastian Smit, 
Ulrich Mayer, 
Abraham Schwartz, 
John Joder, 
Joest Joder, 
Hans Hock, 
John Dietrick Kriener, 
Abi'aham Levan, 
Nicholas Lescher, 
Jean Bartolett, 
Martin Scheukel, 
John Bowman, 
Johaunes Langenecker, 
Johannes Eckstein, 
Johannes Dewalt End, 
Blassius Daniel Mackinet, 
Hans Rup, 

Johan Nicholas Kressman, 
John Joseph Schrack, 



Martin Kolb, 
Jacob Kolb, 
Paul Fried, 
Hans Datweiler, 
Jacob Scheimer, 
George Marckl, 
Johannes Lefeber, 
Gerhard Clements, 
Jacob Metz, 
Mathias Gemelin, 
Christian Bowman, 
Hermanns Kuster, 
John Joder, Jun., 
Philip Keilwein, 
Peter Endreas, 
Peter Balio, 
Isaac Levan, 
David Cauffman, 
Hans Martin Gerich, 
Jonathan Herbein, 
Arnold Huff nagle, 
Johannes Buck waiter, 
Issac Van, 

Johannes George Bentzel, 
Mathias, Adam H. , 
Lorence Belitz, 
Christopher Funk, 
Philip Schrack, 



128 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



George Jager, 
Christopher Gould in, 
Hans Sigfried, 
Henry Scheat, 
Daniel Langenecker, 
Melchor Hoch, 
George Hollenbach, 
John George Reif, 
Jacob Reif, 
Peter Reif, 
Henry Antis, 
John Isaac Klein, 
Samuel Hoch, 
George Bechtley, 



Samuel Gouldin, 

Henry Pennebecker, 

Peter Trexler, 

Jacob Hottlestein, 

Hans Jacob Bechtley, 

Jacob Hoch, 

John Jacob Schrack, 

John George Reif, Jim., 

Conrad Reif, 

Antonias Hilman, 

Gerhard Peters, 

Johannes Mayer, 

John Snyder, 

Joest Hendrick Zaatzmentz- 



houssen. 

All of Philadelphia County. 
M areas Kuhl, John Keller, 

Jacob Kasdrop, Johan Baker, 

Abraham Kintzing. 

Of the City of Philadelphia. 



Jacob Souder, 
George Bachman, 



Jacob Kleiner, 
Philip Geisinger, 
John Driessler. 

Of the County of Bucks. 
Christian Mary, Johannes Roth, 

Casper Acker, Jacob Acker. 

Of the County of Chester. 
In Demonstration of their Affection and Zeal for his present 
Majesty's Person and Government, qualified themselves by 
taking the Qualification and subscribing the Declaration di- 
rected to be taken and subscribed by the several Acts of Par- 
liament made for the security to his Majesty's Person and 
Government, and for preventing the Dangers wliich may 
happen by Popish Recusants, &c. , and thereupon, have humbly 
signified to the Governor and the Representatives of the Free- 
men of this Province, in General Assembly met, that they have 
purchased and do hold Lands of the Proprietary and others, 
His Majesty's subjects within this Province, and have likewise 
represented their great desire of being made Partakers of these 
Privileges, which the natural born Subjects of Great Britain 
do enjoy within this Province, and it being just and reasonable 
that the Persons who have bona-fide purchased Lands, and 
who have given such Testimony of their Affection and obedi- 
ence to the Crown of Great Britain, should as well be seemed 
in the enjoyment of their Estates as encouraged in their laud- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 129 

able Affections to, and Zeal for the English Constitution. Be 
it enacted by the Honorable Patrick Gordon, Esq r , Lieutenant 
Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania, &c. , by and with 
the advice and Consent of the Representatives of the Freemen 
of the said Province in General Assembly met, and by the 
authority of the same, That (Names repeated as above,) be and 
shall be to all intents and Purposes, deemed, taken and es- 
teemed His Majesty's natural born subjects of this Province 
of Pennsylvania, as if they and each of them had been born 
within the said Province ; and shall and may, and every of 
them shall and may, within this Province take, receive, enjoy, 
and be entitled to all Rights, Privileges and Advantages of 
natural born subjects, as fully to all Intents, Constructions 
and Purposes, whatsoever, as any ot his Majesty's natural born 
Subjects of this Province can do or ought to enjoy,, by virtue 
of their being His Majesty's natural born Subjects of his Maj- 
esty's said Province of Pennsylvania. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO JOHN, THOMAS & RICHARD 

PENN. 

17'" 9» r , [1729.] 
Postscript: 

Resolving to limit my foregoing Lett r to the Compass of that 
Sheet, I have omitted divers things (I find,) which I now 
ought to mention. And, first, you may justly admire, that on 
this occasion, none of y e other named Trustees joyn with me in 
writing, to which I can only say, that if they think not fitt to 
call on me, I am not able myself to goe and speak to them, and 
I am unwilling to neglect any necessary service that I can doe, 
because others joyn not in it. Both I. Nor. & S. Preston 
seem'd to me to approve of J. Steel's undertaking, and so does 
A. Hamilton heartily, who is no ill judge of yo 1 affairs. 

In one of my late letters, I express'd myself as If I intended 
to make no more Remittances, that there might be the greater 
necessity for one of you to hasten over, but, having very lately 
recv'd more money of yours than I expected upon this occasion 
of James' coining over to you, I make you one in Bills of E, 
Silver & Gold, such as I could gett, (having mett with an un- 
common opportunity for the silver,) which, I hope will not be 
displeasing, being now somewhat more than is mentioned in y e 
Preceding, the particulars of w cb are as follows : 
9-Vol. VII, 



130 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Bills of Exchange. 

Sterl. 
Benja. Wheeler on Ed. Hankin, 

to Rulesand, at 30 day. dat. 

19 th 7 hr , last Indorsed to Jn" 

Penn, £100. Cost in Paper, £150 

Joseph Turner on John Van- 

derwal, to Hr. Pemberton, 

at 40 dayes, dat. this day, In- 
dorsed to Ditto, £70. Ditto, £105 

John Engl* on Will" 1 Penn, to 

John Penn, at 50 dayes, dat. 

14 July last 50. Cost in your own Cold, 

at 35$ C, £67.10 

£220. 

Bills of Loading for silv r & Gold 

on the Ship Constantine. 
Edw' 1 Wright, Mast r , for Lond., 

viz. : 550 ounces of per § & 

other Coin' d silver. Cost here 

at 6 10 f "p ou. , & 17| f) C« Ex- 

cha. , in paper, £221. 11. 5 

34 ou. 3 dw Coined Gold, received 

on yo r acco\ at £15. 10, 187. 16. 6 

Cost here, £731. 17. 11 

ff or this you have now the first Bills of Excha.for £220 Sterl., 
and Bills of Loading for the silver Gold, Inclosed, the whole 
of which will make up somewhat above £500 Sterl. here, be- 
sides which I have delv'd to James Steel about £40 Sterl., in 
10 ou l dw 15 gr of Gold, that as he comes on your business, he may 
have something in his pocket, without taking it of your Re- 
mittances again, tho' he must be an extraordinary husband, 
beyond what I could be, if that will near answer. 

&P I have not fully settled his acco ,s , but as he kept your 
books, and these are posted up, a very near estimate is made 
if they prove right upon examination. He is considerably in 
Debt, owing to the causes I have mentioned, but he now as- 
signs Good Bonds to me, that, I believe, will fully answer. 
His allowance in the Office has been 50 lb of our money p. an. as 
Receiver of the Quittr ls , and 2A p. Cent, for all y e money he 
receives for sale of Lands made by the Commiss rs ; and as to 
v e fees of y e Office for Warr t3 and Patents, of which very few 
have been granted for 10 years past, these are made so ex- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 131 

ceeding Low, by our Acts of Assembly, that I should be loth 
to doe them for y e Pay. And, again, as he is truly zealous for 
your Cause, & is free in entertaining at his house when he 
thinks he can doe you any service in it, in which he has been 
particularly useful, I think very near one half of what he has 
earn'd from you has been spent again in that manner, for none 
but who tried it can easily the judge the difference there is be- 
tween keeping a private house retired and having a Concourse 
& Resort to it, especially in our cases, where your friends, 
when they come always expect to be civilly treated by yo r 
officers as he is considered. So thai there is yet a great deal 
due to him more than is brought into his acco ts , but that will 
be best settled when his acco ,s are, by some of your feloes, or 
by your particular order on that occasion. I must observe, 
also, that there are articles for his Journeys to Virginia, New 
York, <&c. , in yo r Service, not yet accounted for, which ought 
to come altogether. I assure you I have mentioned nothing 
in relation to him on these heads through any partiality, but 
in pure point of Justice, being sensible how much my own 
publick Character has cost me, ever since I threw off all man- 
ner of Profits that might have attended it. 

There is one point of Importance which I had almost ne- 
glected that I must not forbear to mention, viz : Of the 4 
several parcels of 10,000 acres each granted by your father's 
Will to your Sister Loetitia and Bro. William's 3 Children, two, 
viz : Loetitia's and (July 's are pleased by those they employ'd 
on the Lands seated by the Palatines at Tulpyhocken, and by 
a particular direction from your selves in favour of yo r Cousin 
Will'". His was fixt by us on some Lands high up the River 
Delaware, on acco 1 of some very rich spotts of w ch the Dutch 
from N. York were very fond, and, therefore, these last would, 
as I wrote to William about 2 or 3 years since, yield consider- 
able prices. But of all these there is not one acre yet purchased 
of the Indians, and their Purchases will certainly prove high 
now. Who is to bear the Charge of these is not for me to de- 
termine. Your father, in all his sales, obliged himself to de- 
liver what he sold clear of all Indian Incumbrances; but 
whether the same is to be understood of those granted by y e 
will, where there are no Covenants, is to be considered. It 
will be expected, I know ; and what more immediately requires 
this matter to be settled is your Cousin William's sale of his to 
W. Allen. J. Langhorn & I, whom with many courteous ex- ' 
pressions he was pleased to appoint his attorneys, might have 
expected a Line from him, at least, upon his sale, in pay, (if 
we were to have no other,) for our trouble, and J. Langhorn 's 
charge, besides, of a Journey to those parts, to treat with the 



132 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Chaps that wanted to purchase. Your family owes much to 
that Gentleman, and none can admire that he takes it un- 
kindly, whatever I may doe, on whom a slight may be more 
safely thrown p'haps. 

1 must, likewise, observe that it should be decided between 
Springet and you to whom the Negroes and Stock of Cattle at 
Pensbury belongs. He claims them, I think, as also the few 
household Goods that are not yet worn out there. There is 
here in my house a Trunk committed to my Charge by Mary 
Soulier, when her husband & she left Pensbury, about a dozen 
years since. The most it contains, I believe, is Linnen, with 
some plate, part of w ch was formerly sent over to yo- Mother 
by her particular direction. I never saw the Inside of the 
Trunk, that I can remember. That very good woman is dead, 
lately, but her honest husband is still Living. All that they 
left in the Trunk continues in it, for we have never once opened 
it, but the Linnen will undoubtedly decay by Lying, and some- 
care should be taken of it, but all this might have been well 
spared since John, undoubtedly, will himself, in person, ere long 
look after it. 

Many other things might occur to be mention' d, but I shall 
now leave them to y e Bearer, & so Conclude this tedious Poster. 
Prom 

Yours, as before, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stkntox, 21 s ' 10'' r , 1733. 
May it please the ProprieV : 

I think it was the 9 th Inst, when thyself and A. Ham. agreed 
here on a Lett' to be sent to the Gov r of Maryl', and, indeed, I 
was in hopes he would have had it by this time, but 1 now see 
it is as yet only in y e draught. 

This I have read over, and as I doubt not but the manner of 
bringing on the subject has been well consider'd, I cannot say, 
but it is as well done this way and probably better than airy 
other. I shall, however, make some few remarks. Pa. — near 
y e middle at this note the words or their Possessions, without 
any restriction, I doubt is too comprehensive, for it may take 
in (in their Construction) Cressop and all such others, and I 
find it extreamly difficult to express the thought in any safe 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 133 

terms, but believe it might be thus: disturbing yd* People in 
any of their Possessions or settlem' s made consistently with any 
amicable agreem 1 between the Proprietors, or somewhat to that 
purpose. 

Line penult at a greater distance from M c Heath's Plantation. 
I st. may say and think so, but unless there be a real certainty 
in this, I conceive 'tis unsafe to say it here, notwithstanding, 
what follows in the last line ; therefore, what if it were, but as 
it is affirmed, rather at a greater distance, or something like 
this according to the degree of certainty that there is of the 
fact & Pray let y c words as I am well assured it is in y e last line 
be consiJer'd. 

Pa. 2, 1. 8, lying upon the Bay of Delaware. The words in 
y e Ord r if I remember right are on the Ocean, and y e Bay and 
River of Delaware, and again the other half on the Bay of Chesa- 
peak. It might I think be proper here to insert the very words, 
for they seem to me to give us an advantage, but this is not 
very material. Pa. 2, In A. H's interlineation. I should 
rather choose to say which 'tis generally believed would extend, 
considerably further, 1, 12, the Interlineation or instead of In- 
formed, because y e word is used just before as far as I can learn, I 
think should stand. To line 15 might be added, and this Re- 
striction has of late years been even inserted in our Warr ls for 
Lands near such places, and if at any time any further ex- 
cursions have been made it was never with the approbation of 
this Orovernm'. This addition I take to be necessary, and that 
all that follows may be left out to the words. This with y e 
agreem' in lin. penult for I have reason to believe that neither 
the People nor our Surveyors have been cautious enough on 
these heads, and it may be of very ill consequence to lay down 
a Rule in writing on our own side, w cb from real facts they may 
be able to turn ag st us. 

P. 3, 1. G, instead of, I am firmly persuaded, might it not be 
We are fully persuaded here. 

P. 4, 1. 4, in the interlineation instead of above Conestogoe, I 
think on c r near Sasguehannah would be safer, for no Province 
can be meant here but Maryland, and it should never be men- 
tioned that they have any thing to doe with or can come near 
Conestogoe. 

I see Care has been taken, and perhaps thoughtfully, to avoid 
mentioning that as there is no penalty incurr'd on either side, 
the agreem 1 is valid, & for ought I know it may be best to avoid 
it at this time, tho' I own I cannot form a judgem' on it, and 
therefore shall leave it. I should certainly have given a broader 
hint of it, yet possibly it might have been wrong. I well know 
that A. H. can judge stronglv in such cases. 



134 PAPERS RELATING TO 

In the last Line but two, I think I should venture to say as 
to have the Lines actually run, so as to render the bounds indis- 
putable. 

These few notes are what has occurr'd to me. I wish heartily 
it were dispatched. 

To run over the other Draught amendm ts now would detain 
y c bearer too long ; therefore, I choose only to send this by him. 
You left me when last here with a heavy Cold on me, of w cb 
I am at length got pretty well rid, & my nose has for some 
dayes been reduced to its former size and color. Would this 
Weather continue 2 or 3 dayes I would endeavour to come to 
town, as I hope I shall y e fore part of next week, but What the 
Lett 1 will before that time be dispatch 'd. I refer what I have 
noted to consideration, hoping that nothing I have offer'd will 
occasion the detention of it one hour. My family are generally 
in health, and with all our due respects, 

I am 

Thy faithful fr l , 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THE PROPRIETARIES. 

Philad 11 , 16 th Nov br 1729. 
John Penn, Thomas Penn d- Rich d Penn: 

Honoured Friends : After above 2? years rowling this 
stone, besides 2 more spent with your ffather here, I am now 
writing the last Lett r I believe that you will ever receive from 
me as a person invested accoding to y e common notion, with 
a particular Trust. Last Summer and the forgoing the then 
4 surviving Trustees named in your ffather's will (now reduced 
to three by R d Hill's Decease, ) closely and fully shew'd you the 
necessity there is that some of your selves should come over 
to direct and settle your affairs, with the reasons why we could 
not conceive it reasonable that we should undertake them, 
now you are all of age, in pursuance of a Will made when you 
were all tender minors, what Resolutins you may have formed 
on the last of these Lett rs we cannot judge, but are apprehen- 
sive they may tend too much to Delay. We were desirous to 
hear from you this Fall, & had great expectations of it by W. 
Allen; but y e Winter season advancing so fast, that it is doubt- 
ful whether he may gett in here before the Spring, and there 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 135 

being no probability of any later opportunity lrom hence this 
year, we thought it would not be unadviseable that some proper 
person should step over to you, who might be capable of mak- 
ing more lively Remonstrances & thereby stronger impressions 
of the State of this Countrey and your Interest in it, than you 
seem to receive from anything that can be wrote. 

I am, therefore, to acquaint you, that having in y e year 1711, 
at Lond., represented to your father, that I should not be will- 
ing to continue above 2 years at farthest in his Business after 
my Return hither, and therefore that it would be necessary to 
provide another to succeed me. But he, being disabled the 
following year from making any such appoint in 1 , tho' I could 
not wholly quitt the Trust as I had intended ; yet at y e end of 
those 2 years I proposed to your mother, and had her approba- 
tion to putt James Steel into the managem' of the Land Office, 
as a person well known to & as much respected by the family 
while at Worminghurst, and tho' bred a Carpenter, yet cap 
able (both in penmanship and a good understanding,) of a su 
perior sort of Business, and at the same time I sent over a Copy 
of your father's Lett r by James to me when he first came over, 
recommending him in an uncommon manner for such as I have 
mentioned in that office. Therefore he has been since the year 
1714 and since 1718, not much to his Profit, by reason of the 
Retardm 1 to all business there occasioned by the Disputes that 
ensued upon your ffather's Decease. 

Some part, especially the latter, of these last ten years he 
has been in suepence whether he should continue longer here 
under the straits he has long struggled with, (for he has a 
large family, ) or return to his Plantation, one of the best in 
Kent, which would undoubtedly have been more profitable 
to him. But, unwilling to throw up all your affairs while 
there was no other to supply his place, he has hitherto con- 
tinued, and now his Patience being far spent by y e hardships of 
his long waiting, and hoping that by personal Conferences he 
might make you more sensible of the state of the Province, &c. , 
than you can be by writing only, he at length proposed to 
make you a visit, which, for many reasons, could not but be 
approved of here, &, I hope, it will be as acceptable there, ffor 
as scarce any man is better acquainted with the general state 
of your affairs than himself, nor any one so well with the par- 
ticulars of those of your Propriety, an opportunity of convers- 
ing with him there, before any of you embarks, cannot but be 
highly useful in order the better to settle your Business amongst 
your selves, and, therefore, I hope you will be very well pleased 
with his voyage. 

If what has been so repeatedly wrote be considered, you will 



136 PAPERS RELATING TO 

find the main points that require your immediate attention is 
the settlem' of those vast numbers of poor but presumptuous 
People, who, without any License, have entered on your Lands, 
and neither have, nor are like to have, anything to purchas w' 1 ', 
a great Difficulty in the way of which are the Claims of Maryl d . 
The method, also of settling that better sort, who have had some 
License, with a view that such as might be of greater authority 
amongst them than the rest, should be on such terms as would 
admit of an hon' le agreem* to prevent a general Combination 
to insist or rely on their numbers, will also require a very seri- 
ous thought, for these People expect their Lands at 10 lbs p. hun d , 
the highest price mentioned at y e time those settle'm 13 were 
begun, with Interest (at most) from that time, which they 
can scarce object to. But what method is to be taken with 
the Maryland Claims is really past my skill to determine, if 
an intire settlem' is not made with them. I have, in my Lett™ 
either to you all or to J. P. alone, at several times given my 
then thoughts, but am satisfied in none of them. I shall leave 
them at present to be discoursed by J- Steel, who, in a great 
measure, knows my sentim' s of them all. 

That Province formerly gave us a vast deal of trouble to 
parry their superior strength, arm'd with hearty Inclinations 
to disturb us, who were not much inferior in numbers but 
equally so in zeal. But, to speak y e Truth, they were as much 
outdone in Politicks, so that all their mighty Resolutions were 
constantly rendered fruitless, and now they are overdone on 
this side to a much greater degree than ever, wMch could never 
have been so effectually done without the Concurrence and 
endeavours of A. Hamilton, who, on all occasions since his Re- 
turn from Engl d , has exerted himself with y e warmest zeal for 
your Interest, nor has our (rovern r fain short in any point in 
his Conduct to y" present Groveriv" Calvert, who is won over in 
all appearance by his visit hitherto an uncommon affection for 
Pensilvania, and indeed I have wished sometimes they might 
not bee too much in love with it. I should be more particular 
in this, but y e Bearer, who accompanied our (xovern r to Maryl d , 
will give you the Detail of it. This will certainly, for some 
time, have a very good effect here, while we are quiet, but, 
when Property & Interest comes to be touched, it cannot be 
expected to hold, especially upon a hearing in Chancery, which, 
I think, is not to be wished for, tho' a Decision is, and must by 
some means or other, without much longer delay, be obtain'd. 

Another great Point which must, without any Loss of time, be 
resolv'd on, is to make new Purchases of the Indians, without 
which we may expect a war that would run this Province in 
the extreamest Confusion, none being worse fitted for it. I 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 137 

have always been scrupulously careful to suffer no settlem" to lie 
made, as far as I could prevent it, on their Claims, but S. W. 
Keith made the first outrageous steps in settling those Palat- 
ines at Tulpyhockin. In the mean time I have done all in my 
power to caress those Indians and keep them in temper, alwayes 
soothing them with an expectation that their brother, John 
Penn, their Countryman, would come over, & exactly treading 
his & their Father (W. Penn's steps,) would doe them Justice. 
But about the Lands on Sasquehannah I was formerly less so- 
licitious, depending on the notion I had recv'd from your father, 
that had all been actually purchased of them on your father's 
account by Gov r Dongan, from whom he had Deed for them, 
now here. But this, I doubt, will not hold, any more than S. 
W m Keith's story, who affirmed & had it entered in y e Treaty 
he brought from Albany that after y e members of Council, 
R. Hill, I. Nor., & A. Hamilton were come away, the Chiefs of 
theseS Nations desired that evening to speak with him, and 
that coming to him, they, in y e p'sense of Coll. ffrench, then 
only left with him, expressly released to him all the Lands on 
Sasquehannah for ever. I much suspected this story on his 
Return, But more so since, in July or Aug. 1726, a number of 
their Chiefs, soon after our p'sent Govern 1 " 8 Arrival, came hither 
on a visit, and told us their business was to sell us all those 
Sasquehannah Lands which we had settled. This was some 
surprize, but we managed the best we could with them, Insist- 
ing first on their Grant to Coll. Dongan, shewing them his 
Deed to your father, and then on their late Release to S. W"\ 
the first they would not own, and to y e second said that Gov r 
Keith desired leave only to make a fire (this is their way of ex- 
pressing themselves) on the other side of Sasquehannah to gett 
some Copper mine there, which they granted, and this com- 
ing from those People, unacquainted in themselves with all 
things of that kind, appear' d so very like y e Truth & y e man (2 
very different things) that tho' we turn'd it off and endeav- 
oured to stagger them, yet with me it made no small Impres- 
sion. Tis certain that having been at the Charge to gett all 
the old Records of Indian Treaties at Albany searched for such 
a Grant to Dongan, nothing like it could be found save only 
that which C. Colden has since printed in a Book that J. Steel 
will shew you. Tis also certain that the 5 Nations claim all 
those Lands at this day, of which we had a proof last summer, 
but they say William Penn was their Brother and a good man, 
and his Children will doe them Justice. In short, Purchases 
may be yet made by John, if he were on the spott, but I am 
of opinion they will cost near double, if any other treats with 
them. I have generally had a very good Interest with them, 



138 PAPERS RELATING TO 

& continue sending them messages & Presents at yo r Charge ; 
but now I am no longer capable of anything ; my Limb grows 
daily weaker & more troublesome ; I neither am nor can ever 
be able to move one step without Crutches, and my strength 
sensibly decayes every way. Had not y e winter prevented I 
should now have been settled with my family on my Planta- 
tion, after which I shall rarely ever see Philad ia again. 

But having expatiated beyond what 1 intended into some 
particulars, I shall leave all the rest to J. Steel, to whom I 

have del'v'd lbs for his Pocket, as by the Inclosed 

Rec' ; you have also Bills of excha. and bills of Loading for 

about Sterl. , as on y e next Leaf, with which shall 

conclude this as intended chiefly for different business, from 
Your assured faithful fr' 1 , 

J. LOGAN. 



JOHN, THOMAS AND RICHARD PENN TO JAMES 

LOGAN. 

< 

[1729.] 
Esteemed Friend : Since your last of the 6 th Decemb. , T. 
Penn wrote you two Letters, of the 25 th of Febry and 22' 1 March 
last, but having since had more time, we herewith send you 
our thoughts more fully thereon and, as to what you write 
about the affairs of Government, we would observe, that when 
the present Governor was presentedoto the King for his ap- 
probation, and S r W" Keith's or his Friend's Cousins not being 
able to lay hold of any other argument to render our design of 
^sending Major Gordon abortive, they insisted, that as by the 
will the Carls Paulet & Oxford were appointed Trustees, to ex- 
ercise the powers of Government, no other Persons whatever 
were capable of granting a Commission, but they were answered 
by the Lords, as that the Carl Paulet did not present any 
petition or appear to Contradict our Presentation, it must be 
supposed that he Consented thereto, and not only this, but as 
that appointment received the Royal approbation, wee Conceive 
no person can question the power of administration but the 
Trustees, and when he does, it must be by appointing another, 
w ch there is not the least reason to suppose, because, before 
the Commission was granted, he approved thereof by a Letter 
to our Mother, w ch Major Gordon, without doubt, has now in 
his Possession, and altho 1 since the Commission was given, the 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 139 

Will has been proved in the Exchequer Court, we are advised 
that will make no alteration in the Case, as they have not de- 
cided the affair of the Government. 

Wee also observe you mention at Sam. Preston's return from 
the Country, you met and Resolved to discharge part of the 
trust repos'd in you by our Father's Will, Viz. : to lay out 10,000 
Acres of land to each of the Persons therein metioned,and that 
you are of opinion, as we have come to an agreement amongst 
ourselves, there is nothing Further to be done on your part. 
But on this head, wee must differ in our judgment, For, if you 
Look over our Father's Will, you '1 Find he gives to his Trustees 
there nam d, (of which only four are Liveing and on your side,) 
& their heirs all his lands Tenements & hereditam ls , whatever 
rents and other Profitts, situate, Lying & being in Pensil- 
vania & Territories there unto belonging, or elsewhere in Amer- 
ica, upon trust. That they shall sell & dispose of so much 
thereof,as shall be sufficient to pay all his Just debts, & from & 
after payment thereof, shall convey 10,000 Acres of Land to his 
Daughter and each of his grandchildren & their heirs, and all 
the rest of his lands and hereditaments whatsoever, in America, 
he Wills that his Trustees shall convey to & amongst us, his 
Children by his second wife, in such propontion, and for such 
estates, as his said wife should think Fitt. 

From all w eh we may Conclude, that the first thing to be done 
after Proving the Will (the decree exemplified by w ch 'twas 
done, 'being by this Conveyance sent to the Trustees), was for 
you to endeavour to get in all Moneys due on bonds, for Rents or 
otherwais, or (if you thought proper) to sell any lands, even 
without being oblig'd to have any Consent of ours, 'twas cer- 
tainly in your Power, and no doubt, but where you have occa- 
sion to sue for any debt, it must be done in your own names, 
as much as any private trust, 'till such times the debts are paid, 
the four Legacies granted, and you put us by a proper Convey- 
ance into possession of our estates, w ch is only in Remainder. 

We likewise have, since wee had your Thought much about 
the Palatines, or other Persona Coming to settle, and wanting 
Lands of you, and altho' we wrote you before our request, 
that no more land might be sold, yet we think it is better to 
make an agreement with them, and give them grants, than let 
them set down without any, and so loose our Purchase, or 
afterwards be the occation of much Confusion. We must, 
therefore, desire (as We have by this Conveyance wrote to the 
Trustees), as you are vested with full powers, that you would 
give them grants on their paying you the value of their Re- 
spective Lands, and reserving the usual quitrent, or what we 
should rather choose, that the quitrent should be enlarged, 



140 PAPERS RELATING TO 

and the purchase money ad valorem deducted, if (as we sup- 
pose) there is money enough in arrears for quitrents & bonds, 
for Lands that may be recover' d soon, to pay all our Fathers ' 
Debts, bceause 'twill, in time, make it better worth to allow 
something more handsome for receiving them, and keeping 
exact accounts then, as it now stands, we can do. 

Tho' the Forgoing has occur' d to our observations, yet we, 
nevertheless, are well contented and desirous the Lands given 
by the Will to our Sister & Cousins should be confirmed accord- 
ing to y e Proportions given in the Will, but as to other lands to 
be sold we would request that if there is any vacant Land near 
the Citty Untaken upp, it may be so secured by Laying it out 
for our use ; That if any or all of us should have an inclination 
to settle with you we might have a piece of ground to settle 
on; and we would likewise take notice, that the further or the 
higher in the Country you could persuade some of these people 
to goe, 'twould be much the better for our Interest in Inlarg- 
ing the settlement. 

We are very sorry you should imagine, what you have wrote 
us so often about the affairs of property, has not had its due 
weight with us, but we can assure you it has been the subject 
of our thoughts, and we have had frequent meetings with our 
Friends & Councils severall times thereupon. As to the Pala- 
tines, you have often taken notice of to us, Avee apprehend 
have Lately arrived in greater Quantities than may be consis- 
tant with the welfare of the Country, and, therefore, applied 
ourselves to our Councill to find a proper way to prevent it, 
the result of which was, that an act of assembly should be got 
or endavour'd at, 'and sent us over immediately, when we 
would take sufficient Care to get it approved by the King. 
With this resolution we acquainted the Governour, by Cape 
Stringfellow, to Maryland, the 25 th Feb rv , a Duplicate of which 
we have since sent by another snip, both w ch times we also en- 
clos'd Letters For thee; but as to any other people coming 
over who are the subjects of the British Crown, we can't Con- 
ceive it any ways practicable to prohibit it ; but supposing they 
are the natives of Ireland & Roman Catholieks, they ought not 
to settle till they have taken the proper Oaths to the King, & 
Promis'd obedience to the Laws of the Country, and, indeed, 
we Can't Conceive it unreasonable that if they are inclinable to 
settle, they should be oblig'd to settle, either Backwards to 
Sasqueliannah or north in y e Country beyond the other settle- 
ments, as we had mentioned before in relation to the Palatines ; 
but we must desire Care may be taken that they are not suffered 
to settle towards Maryland, on any account. We are sorry we 
can't now give you an account of our having Finished our 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 141 

affairs with Springett, about the Government, w ch you are 
sencible, Depinds on having an answer from the Crown, and 
that wee are no ways Certain when we shall get it : and as that, 
therefore, is a point out of our power to settle our affairs, by 
speedily determining we must endeavour to do every other 
thing we can to effect it. We are sorry they are already so 
Confused, as you give us reason to expect, but wee shall be far 
from doing anything to add thereto. 

Wee observe you are of opinion, if we should design to divide 
the Country into different proprieties, we should find the task 
difficult, and 'twould, likewise, much Lessen the Value of the 
whole. The same opinion we have ever been of, and shall, 
therefore, never have a thought of such a thing. Our design, 
therefore, is to appoint a proper Person, after the Country 
Comes into our hands, as agent or receiver for the Country, 
and the neat Proceeds of the whole must be remitted to one 
for the Benefitt of the rest, or to reach their Proper share, as 
wee shall then, on Mature Deliberation, think most Proper. 
You, in the next place, take notice of Methods wee should take 
in the several things therein Mentioned. First, that wee should 
Iinpower some Persons to settle the People that have sate down 
on Lands at Rent or Purchase and remitt the money as fast as 
it Can be done to some Person to Devide amongst us in our re- 
spected shares. 

We have before shown that wee have no powers before the 
debts are paid, but that the Powers to do everything of this 
nature is in your self and the other Trustees, who, by the will, 
are authorized to raise and remitt moneys (if you will be so 
good to take that trouble upon you) home to some proper per- 
son to pay all our Father's Debts here. If you think us, or 
either of us, proper to manage the affair, the moneys remitted 
may be to us, or the proceeds of any adventure paid to us here, 
with directions to apply it towards payment of our Father's 
debts, exact accounts of w ch payments we must send you for our 
Justification. But as 'twas only the real estate w ch should be 
sold, or the rents w ch should become due after the 30 th Day of 
July, 1718, That were given to you as Trustees for the payment of 
our Father's debts, and after that the Country should be Con- 
vey 'd to us, as wee have amongst ourselves agreed, proper 
Persons must Certainly, at almost any rate be got so to state 
the accounts that no moneys due before that time be assign 'd 
to pay any debt but the Mortgage, neither any ones that be- 
come due after that time be brought to the account of the 
Personall estate, w ch is not subjected to y e payment of any debts, 
but to be equally divided amongst us, and w ch J. Penn, there- 
fore, as administrator to our Father and Mother, sent you a 



142 PAPERS RELATING TO 

power of Attorney and requested your endeavouring to get 
them received and remitted him to devide amongst us, after 
w ch y OU ma y depend on one of us Coming over to make a Final 
Settlement, w ch whilst we have no power can be of no service. 

As to what you observe of Lands about Sasquehannah being 
entered upon that may lay Under Lord Baltimore's Claim, we 
are of Opinion they ought not to be sold 'till that dispute is 
determin'd, but, on the other hand, think they might be let 
for some quitrent, to be paid, while the parties settled are on 
them, much Larger than the Common quitrents on lands sold, 
and w ch you, as we have before hinted, have full Powers to 
do. You likewise add that some generall Prices ought to be 
sett for Lands, and give us instances of the Crown & Lord Balti- 
more's granting theirs, but wee cannot agree with you therein, 
because wee apprehend, and, Indeed, by your Last letter in 
our Cousin William's Case, are assureed. that some lands are 
worth (30 or 70 p r C, or more, and, therefore, it would be un- 
reasonable for us to sell ours at £15 p r hundred, w ch is the 
highest Price you have Propos'd, and wee have, likewise, been 
Inform'd that the lands in Jersey, if good, are Frequently sold 
for more. However, wee should be very well Content if the 
General Price were but 10 or 15 p r C\ if the Quitrents were 
raised in Proportion to the Intrinsick Value of the Lands, for 
less than w ch we can't see any reason for us to sell, tho', at the 
same time, wee would not have you suppose we expect to sell 
them at the same rate others may have, for 80 or 40 acres at a 
time, as to persons having seated themselves on any lands who 
are noways Capable to raise money for their Purchase, the only 
way must be to give grants for those lands,subject to a rent in 
Proportion to what the Purchase of y e Lands, according to their 
Worth and the Common quitrent, would amount to; but we 
Cannot but be surprised any People of a Common Understand- 
ing should be uneasy, as they pay nothing for their Lands; if 
they should pay a quit rent, answerable for the Purchase 
money and the old quit rent too, which, supposing worth 10 
p r C and 1 quitrent, ought not to be Less than 2 rt p r acre, be- 
cause tho' the Interest of the Ten pounds is but 10 p r Annum 
at 5 p r C, yet the Loss of the Principal, Considered it Can't be 
Computed at less than eight, w ch will amount to about that 
sum, and so for Lands more valuable in Proportion. 

But what we seem to take more notice of is, that the People 
of the lower Counties, who have been many \ears settled, & 
voluntarily agreed to hold their Land at one penny p r acre, or 
some at a Bushel of wheat p r Hundred, should find any pretext 
to Complain of the Agreement, w ch they or their ancestors will- 
ingly made to get a settlement there, and we hope more lenitive 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 143 

means will be sufficient to Convince them they are bound, by 
Law and conscience, to stand to that agreement or quit their 

habitations to their Landlord ; thin tho we 

must Confess the Liberty granted them by our Father, of elect- 
ing their own sherrifs, may tend much to our Prejudice. 

We are truly sensible of the great obligations we ly under to 
you in giveing us your advice on the management of our affairs 
in your last, and we shall Constantly endeavour to pursue them 
with the most iixt attention, but are, at the same time, much 
Concern 'd, the management of the affairs of Property should 
have been the occation of so much Uneasiness to you, as also to 
hear your health is so much, of late, impaired, to restore w dl , 
as we gladly hear, you do not design yet to come over. A re- 
tirement in the Country, and some relaxation from business, 
will, we hope, be a sufficient means, and tho' we must still de- 
sire your assistance in our affairs till they Can be so settled, 
as that one of us Can go over & take the Case into our hands, 
(w ch can't be till the trust is expired, ) yet we would do anything 
that we are Capable of to make it Intirely easy to you, and 
have, therefore, Considered the Proposall you make in your 
next Paragraft, about establishing a new Commission of Pro- 
perty. 

The scheme you have laid down is what we think reasonable, 
and the persons, most Likely (if you would accept of it) your- 
self and the three other Trustees, but, as you Cannot tell 
whether they will accept thereof, wee must drop that till we 
receive another Letter. The Person for receiver might be 
James Steel, if you think him as Proper a. Person as any, and, 
as yo\i are willing to undertake remitting, wee shall desire, 
that at your hands you Propose their meeting once a week, to 
dispose of Lands, and do any other business relating thereto, 
as also to audit & settle twice a year James Steel's, or any other 
receiver's, accounts. This method, could it be established by 
us, is what we should esteem most desirable, as it will Conduce 
to regulate our affairs, but, as we have no power to do anything 
in the province till we are qualify'd, as before mentioned, it 
lys entirely in your breasts, so that if you think proper to dis- 
patch the affairs of Property, as Trustees, yourselves, we shall 
be very well pleased that you should have an allowance of 7/6 
each, for one day in the week, to manage all the affairs of pro- 
perty, and that the receiver shall have 7£ p r C for Receiving 
all Quitrents, & 2i p r C only for any other moneys that are paid 
Into his hands, & when he has a sum in his hands, it should 
be paid to you to reniitt to us, the best way you can. If due 
since the 30 th July, 1718, to pay our Father's debts ; if due before 
his death, to Jn° Penn, as administrator, to divide amongst us, 



144 PAPERS RELATING TO 

and as soon as moneys could be remitted, to pay them off, and 
we have a Conveyance of y e Estate from you, you might De- 
pend upon one of us seeing Pensilvania Immediately, and there 
endeavouring to settle everything to all your satisfactions. 

As to what you mentioned about R' 1 Hills having his Quitrents 
due to this time Remitted, wee think Highly Reasonable, & 
Isaac Norris, as he has had no Gratification, ought to have the 
same. As to anything Further, till such time as the debts are 
paid, and the estate in our Possession, we are of opinion that 
Nothing Can be done, but when in our Power, all our Friends 
may be assured, and yourself, in Particular, We shall always 
esteem in the greatest pleasure to acknowledge the many obli- 
gation we Lye under, it the handsomest manner wee are Capa- 
ble off. 

We have generally an account from y e Grovernour of most of 
y e publick Transactions, and particularly from New Castle, 
about the act of Assembly our friends endeavour' d to procure, 
to Provide for the administration of Government in Case of a 
Governour's decease, and wee are Realy sorry they Could not 
get such an one as would Fully answer their Design ; Tho wee 
doubt not, Andrew Hamilton was Indefatigable in the affair, 
And wee Cannot but be of opinion, that a Refusal of such an 
act as the house would grant, might have made so wide a 
breach that many years would hardly have Clos'd. Wee Re- 
member soon after the Go vernours arrival, Col 1 French seemed 
(by the accounts we then had), to be very Friendly, and as wee 
suppose, he still retains some of the Places he had in the Gov- 
ernour's Gift. 'Tis strange he should be so openly an enemy 
to us. More especially, Considering he has, thro' the means 
of our ancestor, been provided for many years, w cU on a generous 
mind, would have the Greatest Weight. 

It is a satisfaction to us that Andrew Hamilton is in the Com- 
mission of the peace for Kent County, and much more so in his 
being of so great service in setling the Disturbances, w ch in that 
County, had come to so great a head. As to what you mention 
about the land granted to him when here, we esteemed it about 
thequantitie he mentioned, and, as in the warrant, the bounds 
are particularly specified, The lands within that bound, is 
all he can desire, & we shall be very glad if after he has that 
Land laid out, there may remain a few acres for our own use, 
but. if all the land Come to no more than what may be taken 
in by his bounds or the Forty five acres mentioned in the War- 
rant added to the Forty-eight he had before upon lease, we 
are of opinion he should have that survey'd to him, the obliga- 
tions when here and since wee Lye under to hint, not suffering 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 145 

us to recede from anything already done to his disadvantage, 
tho' wee might be somewhat mistaken in y* plan. 

By yours of the 6 of Decern 1 '" yon sent us affidavits of Phil. 
Loyds Progress thro" the Lower Counties exemplified, w' 1 ' 
we shall make use of to y e best advantage, if wee Find a proper 
opportunity, or else shall not divulge them to any ; however, 
wee are glad to hear he met with no better success, even where 
he expected the most, so that wee hope there is not much to 
be feared from those measures, however disagreeable they may 
be to us. 

Wee observe you sent us a Copy of E. Gratchel's Letter about 
some persons wanting to settle by Nottingham, but as wee 
have so Largely wrote in the preceding sheets in that affair, 
shall now drop it. Wee must confess that man has suffer' d 
much & ought to be Further Considered. 

You also Inform us Jacob Taylor and the persons who went 
with him to lay out our Cousin W" '" Land are returned, and 
altho' they Could not prevail with the Indians to let them sur- 
vey the land, yet we are glad they seem'd in so good a Dispo- 
sition to do it when he goes over, which he had done by this 
ship, but Could not get ready time enough ; however, you may 
expect him in October next. Wee have before given you our 
reasons why there's no necessity, but if there was, tis Impossible 
any one proprietor's name Coidd be made use of in any grants 
that should be made to pass under the great seal or in any 
actions For Trepass, that being to be done in the Trustees' 
names, as wee presume A. Hamilton or any Lawyer on your 
side the water will Inform you. 

Wee agree with you that there'san absolute necessity a settle- 
ment should be made w" 1 the Lord Baltimore, but wee cant 
think of that till our Father's debts can be paid, that we can 
have some money from the Country to help bear the expense, 
w ch , to manage to y e best advantage, will be very Consider- 
able. Your arguments on that affair wee shall particularly re- 
gard, and at a proper time make use of them. • 

The notice you take of an addition you expect to the 6, 000 acres 
of Land on w cb you have erected your Iron Worksabove the Falls 
and also that you think it reasonable that wee should allow a 
sum of money towards making those Fads passable for Flatt 
Boats, has occationed our revising your letter of the 12 lh Jan", 
1725-6, Inclosing a petition from the Ouardians of Streper's 
Children, setting forth their Father's having purch'd 5.000 
acres of Land, 4,448 of w' 1 ', tho' it had been laid out, yet was 
Clairn'd by the Indians as lands never bought of them, and as 
he was not naturalized, no lands Could decend by Inheritance 
10 -Vol. VII. 



146 PAPERS RELATING TO 

to his Children, and therefore, as they had found a purchaser, 
(Jeremiah Langhorn, ) for that quantity desired, that upon 
their delivering upp their grants, it might, by the Commis- 
sioners, be fully granted to him, which Lands, wee suppose, 
was part of the 6,000 acres you mention in your last, and tho' 
they might not, perhaps, be so proper for raising Corn or other 
provisions as for wood, which you designed to have at hand by 
exchanging the land to that place, were Certainly Valuable, 
and so we may suppose the undertakers at that time thought, 
(whatever reasons they may now have to the Contrary, > other- 
wise you would have been unwilling to make an exchange, as 
the land laid out to Streper might, wee think, as easily have 
been purchased of y e Indians as the other, and we must also 
observe they Lik'd their exchange so well that they then pro- 
posal to make those Palls navigable at their own expence, 
and on that Consideration, if you Look over the answer to 
your letter, you'] find it was, wee were willing the exchange 
should be made ; but wee shall always be disposed to do you 
Justice in everything you can reasonably ask of us. The Pur- 
chase money paid or to be paid the Indians for that Land wee 
esteem much higher than any land was ever purchased of them 
before, or If 'twas only that Tract of 6,000 acres, of w ch wee de. 
sire an account, we have so fully given our opinion about the 
Palatines that nothing more on that head remains. 

We must desire you will, with as much dispatch as possible, 
get in the money due from Jonathan Dickenson's estate, w ch , 
if they will not otherwise pay, they ought to be sued In the 
name of the Trustees of the mortgage, for would they pay 10 
p r C l Interest, the disadvantage we labour under In want- 
ing money from thence to pay the mortgage off would be much 
the greatest. Wee must againe press your endeavouring to 
remit as Fast as suitable opportunities offer. Our best Respects 
attends your self, spouse, and all our Friends. We are 
Your assured Friends, 

JOHN PENN. 
THO. PENN, 
RICH d PENN. 

P. S. — We are glad you gave orders for our accounts to be 
drawn out, w ch we hope to have as soon as They Can be well 
Compleated. 

Wee desire you'd excuse blunders, wee having a bad scribe. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 147 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

PHILAD ia , m th 2 m °, 1733. 
May it please the Prop". 

I heartily congratulate thee on thy safe return to Philad'*, 
& your success below, according to the ace' Ja s Steel yesterday 
gave me of it, at Stenton ; but, inquiring into the nature of 
the House's address to thee, and thy Paper to them, he told 
me lie had not had the favour of seeing it, w ch I could not but 
think somewhat strange, as well as he did, considering his pre- 
sent office & interest in those Counties. He told me further 
he heard nothing of thy having any Lett r from Paris. If thou 
hadst & he has wrote in the same manner to thee as to me. it 
was certainly proper, it should have been known there. of w ch 
that thou may judge. I here inclose what I have rec d from 
him, and if thou please to deliver it again to the Bearer he 
shall carry it directly to A. Ham., to whom James sayes Paris 
has not said a word on that head in the Lettf And r has now 
re; ,d . I came last night to town to see R. Joidon before he 
embark'd, w ch I understand he was to doe this morning, & to 
deliver my Lett', but I understand the vessel stayes till to- 
morrow, as I also shall in town, & therefore may hope for the 
pleasure of seeing thee before I leave it. 
I am w lh due respect 

Thv faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton 28< ft 3 mo 1733. 
May it please the Proprietor : 

I doubt not but thou will thy self think it necessary to see 
A. Hamilton this morning to take his opinion about New Castle 
as whether it may not be proper to hoist the flag there. It is 
not that I propose this last, but to advise with him as soon as 
may be & have his opinion, I think will be necessary, and tho' 
this may be needless from me, yet, I hope thou will excuse it 
in 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



148 PAPERS RELATING TO 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN, Esq r . 

Stknton, 7"' 4™°, 17;::'.. 

May it please the proprietor: 

1 am very sure thou took all the Papers relating to the pur- 
chase, & putting them up carefully, carried them with thee 
from hence. I took, however, for my own satisfaction, the in- 
closed list, which I here send, but desire it again. 1 scarcely 
think those Indians will be in town so soon, or that they will 
pass this place without calling. Tis reasonable to expect, there 
will be a great number of them when they come, & therefore, 
I have had a thought that it might be better to deliver those 
Goods somewhere up the Country, asat Mahanataway, &c. . for 
they will be very troublesome in town. Three Indians call'd 
yesterday here of Nootamis Company, expecting that he & 
about 40 or 50 more of men, women & Children, would be down 
before them. One of them speaks very good English. His 
name, I think, is Joseph Toonam. These with Nootamis (they 
say) are bringing a Present. If both they & the others should 
be in town together, it would be very inconvenient. Thy list 
of (ioods I believe is with their Peed, if not the Peed itself, 
(which thou certainly hast) with its Indorsement will fully shew 
all that is wanted. 

They left a bag of Bullets here last year ; there is one made 
Coat at E. Shipenn's, designd for them but not deliv 1 nor 
Charged. 

Thy faithful fr d , 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

May 10, 1784, near 8 morn. 
May i ' please y e Prop* : 

I Staid at Shuberts last night with A. H. till after 9 talking 
on the subject. He is willing to doe anything he can that 
may be of service in the case, but is of opinion that his going 
would be otherwise, for as they have nothing to doe on their 
part to gain their point, but to be a little obstinate, they would 
choose to he so to him to baffle him, & then triump on their 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 14!) 

superiority, which amongst the Inhabitants might be of worse 
consequence than attempting nothing. I am to goe to him 
presently again, to see what measures will be most proper for 
some other hand, & it might be well enough if about 9 thou 
dropt in there. 

Thine 

J. LOGAN. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO THOMAS BENN. 

Stkmton, 16 May, 'i>o, !)//;. 
May it please y e Prop r . 

Last night I said I had been thinking a good deal of y e affair 
of Maryl d but hail then time to note little more than what re- 
leased to the Lett r , and therefore, now I shall mention a point 
that I think ought to be well considered. After I left thee 1 
heard more,tho' nothing particular of C. Ogle's settling above 
the head of the Bay, & was also told that the sheriff of Bal"' 
not only had spent 2 days with ours at Chester at Nottingham, 
but had frequently been over thereof late and spent much 
time amongst the Inhabitants, now, tho' no man (none of us 
at least) can form any certain Judgm 1 of that Gov 1 * Inten, 
tions, for he may be as much affected as I once was with the 
solitariness of the place, or may have other reasons for it, yet 
from the Disposition and Conduct of the man, especially when 
that story of taking y e men at the suit of J. Heath, is considered. 
Prudence will oblige us to suppose he may have other views, 
and that their sheriff makes not those frequent trips amongst 
our people for nothing,and therefore, that the best provisional 
measures should be taken to guard against his designs, what ap- 
pears most probable to me is that he will concert some scheme 
to lead our people into some act that may give them an ad- 
vantage over us, and furnish matter for better founded Com- 
plaints than any they have yet had, and perhaps they may lay 
the scene in those parts about Nottingham, that will he left 
out from this Prov. by the last agreem' and especially in such 
as they will assert in right of Talbot's mannor w ch takes in by 
much y e greater part of Nottingham, or on their Ciaim to 
Munster Tract, on either of which they will have an advantage, 
and therefore, the utmost caution is to be used on our part for 
this reason. I have since I saw thee wished I had seen Elisha 



150 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Cfatchel before he went out of town, but I had not then thought 
of what I have here mentioned in the manner I have now 
done. It is exceeding unhappy that while on the side of Marl' 
they have a most able head, tho' I admire not his judgem" with 
many he can advise with, who will chearfully undertake any- 
thing they are put upon for the service of their cause. Thou 
art so extreamly destitute of assistance, and on this acco' our 
(jrov rs age, &c. , proves unfortunate for one in his station would 
be the only proper person to appear in these affairs and to treat 
and deal with the other, but it is to no purpose to mention it. 

Yet since this is the case, it is still the more to be lamented 
that without y e requisite abilities, Passions should so highly 
prevail as to gender those who might be of more use, much the 
less serviceable and now. 

I fear we shall find the effects of the unhappy choice made of 
the Sher. of Newc. I had then in view, and very much prest'd 
y c necessity of having this year a man of spirit and Interest in 
that County, for I take the Lands about Apoquinimy, as we 
see they are already begun with to be in y e most danger of 
being attack' d of any other in the 3 Counties, and of all men 
I haveheard of in the counties, J. Cfoodin, considering his situa- 
tion, and his stout and zealous brothers, with their Interest 
amongst their neighbors, was undoubtedly the fittest. But it 

must not be, because it would oblige M r . H , and yet I could 

never learn that he had any regard for Goodin on any other 
acco 1 , whatever, than his past services, especially that most 
agreeable one to the Grov r himself, of demolishing Newc, Charles, 
which was principally effected, ministerially by his good con- 
duct. But this is blotting paper for nothing. I wish, how- 
ever, the Grov r would consider what he, with his family, are 
capable of doing in these cases. In the meantime, I could also 
wish thou wouldst see W. Allen, and give all the Instances of 
respect that may be to all that family, old & young, especially 
now in And 1 " absence, and not less at other times, for our Govra 1 
certainly wants to be strengthened, and now, thou art sensible 
it turns almost wholly on thy self. But to return to y e lower 
Borders. As things very probably may be soon driven to an 
extremity, 'tis necessary that all possible vigour should be ex- 
erted. We write Letters tolerably well, perhaps, but there is 
a good deal more wanting. Were the Grovern r fit for it, I think 
he ought to be on the scout, himself, and amongst the people, 
to hearten them. But as this cannot be to any purpose, I hope 
thou wilt forgive me if I say, I wish thou couldst resolve thy 
self to take some turn at this pleasant time of the year, amongst 
the Inhabitants of the most exposed places, and encouraging 
them on the one hand, to assert their Rights with firmness, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 151 

and Resolution on the other; to give them due caution not to 
make one step but what is legal and justifiable in defence of 
themselves & their possessions in opposition to those who invade 
them. And I really think it is a pity, but that such persons 
as I. N orris should accoumpany thee or perhaps, the good 
natured S. Preston, would not refuse. But some friend of A. 
H.s' should also goe, yet I think to take more than 2 or 3, 
in all, would not be proper. W. Allen & D r Chew, I hope, will 
yet set forw d tor Maryl' 1 , and I am of opinion that if C. Ogle is 
at his new seat, & therefore cannot be seen at Annapolis, it 
would be highly convenient that A. H. &c, should attend him 
there, for as this Journey will bring a very considerable ex- 
pence, and it will not perhaps be practicable to engage any pro- 
per person to undertake another, 'tis to be wished that this 
may be rendered as effectual as possible; and therefore, that 
these Gent, should not return without driving that Gov 1 to 
some answer, or some conduct, at least, as a Representation 
may be effectually grounded on, and in a manner that may 
carry a weight with it. For these reasons, I say, this occasion 
should not be lost. I hope, therefore, thou wilt think it proper 
to write to A. H. to this purpose, & if the reason I have ad- 
vanced be mentioned, it may not be amiss, but I could, by all 
means, have W. A. &c. to accompany him. and if thou impart 
what I have said, to J. Steel, he may write to him in my be- 
half. It is with reluctancy I mention myself as any weight in 
these cases, but thou knows my Opinion of A. H., that he is 
the most capable man of serving this Govern' of any in it, and 
others have known my practice, that is, that with unwearied 
application & zeal, foregoing all passions & Resentm ts , whatever 
to w ch ,in business, I have ever been a stranger, I have earnestly 
laboured all such means as might advance the public Interest 
& especially yours. For this reason, it is, that I have taken 
more pains than any one besides myself knows. That while 
that man would think himself slighted by others, some one, 
who had those affairs at heart, might have some Interest, & 
this closely, with him. I have now run this out into an unex- 
pected length, & deliv d my thoughts freely, yet I must add 
that I am persuaded no measures that can be taken here, will 
much avail to keep peace amongst us long, & therefore, not an 
hour that can be saved, should be lost in putting them at home 
on measures to have it preserved pursuant to former Agreem' ; 
that in 1724, I think would be the best, of w ch they have one 
Orig 1 in Engl d . 'Tis true that a Representation might be better 
made after we see the event of this Journey to Annap. But as 
all that will be gained by this, as I conceive, may possibly be 
some relief to those prisoners, and to drive that Gov r to some 



152 PAPERS RELATING TO 

kind of answer, w' ;h , I think, is some what doubtful ; yet I Bay 
again, no time should be lost, for he has so many more advan- 
tages on his side than we have & these accompanied with so 
much zeal, that I doubt it will be almost impossible to prevent 
some mischief, even before any Ord rs can arrive. However, 
measures, I think, without delay, should be taken that y e Cau- 
tion I mentioned, should betaken. I shall only add, that the 
producing the Gov rs Pat, that J. G. takes down, will require 
some prudence, and that I think bis Papers will require to be 
well guarded & secured, or otherwise they may be in danger, 
for there is nothing too base to apprehend from that Quarter, 
and if I were in their places, I would take good care how I went 
over the bay, and in what company I traveled amongst people 
who were never known to have the strictest regard to Justice 
or Hon'. But I am at length obliged to close this, w el1 I doe 
with sincere respect. 

From 

Thy Faithful Friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

PHiLAD ia first day Morn 9 , "30"' of May, 1703. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

1 am really sorry I am obliged to go out of town this morning 
(Since I must return to morrow,) without seeing thee. From 
what 1 heard yesterday afternoon of S. Chew's discourse to 
others, compar'd with what he said to myself I think 'tis clear 
the L. B. view in coming to this town and spending so much 
time in it, was in hopes of falling in with a party here and 
making himself an interest amongst the people in opposition 
to thee and the Governm', which if as true as 'tis probable, 
shews his Hon r in the plainest colours : my information is that 
Samuel told A. Taylor or John White or both that his lord 1 ' 
said he did not desire or expect any public Reception but ad- 
mired at the Gentlemen of the place that none of them would 
come near him. I am further told he particularly inquired for 
P. Sober, that upon it such pressing importunities were used 
with Thomas that at length with great reluctancy he went of 
which he afterw <is . heartily repented, as it is not improbable, 
but his Lord" may staj this day also on pretence of the weather 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 153 

I think J. Kinsey's return to Burl, early in the morning with 
a large commission from thee in words at least, if not in writing, 
may be of use, or if he goes not, Pray consider whether it may 
not be adviseable to send J. George's before the other L. B. 
gets thither. But A. Hamilton s advice in all these points will 
be of great weight. I am obliged to hurry out & write in too 
much haste, but am with all due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

I suppose the Govern 1 will see Co" Ogle to-morrow morning 
as also Co" Calvert at their Lodgings saluting them in a proper 
manner as Commissi 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stkxwx, June 14"', 17:!::. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

A. Hamilton stopping to day at Frankford in his journey to 
Bucks sent me by a messenger or express whom he hired and 
paid for it, a Letf wrote there first regretting my being out of 
town this morning when he left it. He then tells me thou was 
last night at his house in company with W. Allen, to whom 
thou hadst proposed to write a Lett r to Parson Anderson on y" 
subject of the late news we have had from Donegal, that Will" 
readily agreed to it, but doubted that Minister had now very 
little interest or influence over the people ; he added in y e Lett' 
a good deal more on that head which I can not so well put to- 
gether as to collect with any certainty the meaning of it unless 
it he that he may have seen my Letf (which I hope he lias,) 
and cannot think it perfectly safe to venture it till the fact can 
be better known, and then it may be proper for me to write in 
another manner, yet this is only my conjecture, & I am inclined 
to believe that you have fully concerted what is to be done in 
that affair; for Quitting that subject he proceeds to another 
which he owns is y e principal (if not the sole) occasion of , his 
writing, viz., That thou hast never yet been at any publick 
lime or place in the county of Bucks. That now the courts 
setts and there will be no other opporf of seeing those people 
together before September at soonest, that it is of importance 
to thee to make thy self better known to them, & therefore, 
that as there cannot be a fairer occasion for this than in so pleas- 



154 PAPERS RELATING TO 

ant a season of the year to drop in upon them at their P'sent 
court at Newtown with two or three suitable companions. 
He appears very desirous thou shouldst step up thither in y e 
cool of y e morning, & taking a dinner with y e Justices in y e 
evening take a lodging with J. Langhorne, which to give my 
own thoughts I must say seems to me at this time extreamly 
necessary, & y e next day thou may return home. His concern 
in this I think as it shews him truly & sincerely concerned for 
thy interest equally merits thy regard, l>ut he very strictly 
charges me that it shall appear to come from him w cb I take 
to be owing to a quality his best fr ds wish him cured of, there- 
fore, I doubt R. 0. would not on this occasion be so proper, 
but doubtless W. A. if not gone thither would be extreamly so, 
as to y e Gov' I can neither say nor think one way nor other, 
but that county thinks themselves neglected by thee since it 
was in that thy father chose to fix his seat & yet thou hast never 
visited the people or so much as their Chief J. Langhorne. 

If thou approves of & complies with this, (which I must own 
1 wish,) Th° his lett* is not to lie mention'd, he will be puzzled 
on seeing thee, how to think it a secret, yet it requires discre- 
tion. Had it not been for this caution of his, I would have sent 
thee his Lett r , which would have been more satisfactory. 

I would have sent this also express, but J. Budd with a 
friend, viz: James Bingham, coming out to dine with me I 
make use of y e latter as y e more agile of y e two, to be y e bearer. 
Jn" is willing to undertake the management & sale of y e Lands 
in Jersey, as to agree', see the Land conveniently laid out, yet 
y e Deeds prepared & all other things that are necessary, oblig- 
ing himself not to receive any of y e money, or at least, none 
but what he shall directly send in parcel & specie, just as he 
receives it. We talk'd of y c Consideration, & mention'd 5 "$ 
Cent, but he thinks it too little. He may certainly be useful, 
& besides him and John Reading, I know not (tho that may be 
no (Rule) of any other one person capable, I recommend the 
thought of Bucks to thee most seriously. 
& am with due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 155 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN 

Stkntox, W>"' Anr/. 1733, 2 h p. m. 

May it please the Proprietor: 

Allummapis & his company, four Or five men, with some 
women, young Lads, &c, came hither about two hours since, 
& have now a Dutch-man's wagon at our gate to receive the 
Goods. His notion was, I found on his first discourse, that he 
was to receive the whole £700, and that, valuing the Goods he 
receives at their usual rate, that sum was to be made up to 
him. I took y a most proper means I could to give him a righter 
notion of the bargain, and, after a good deal of Consultation 
amongst themselves, he is now better satisfied. He desires to 
have the Goods deliv'd to him here, but, complaining that did 
not prove good, he is willing to see them all in town before they 
lire sent hither, and, for that end, will now goe down. As they 
seem not to be in the best of humours, it may be convenient to 
treat them kindly, and leave them no manner of room to com- 
plain. He says we have got all his Land, that it is good Land, 
and he ought to have good Goods for it. He has no more to 
sell, & when these Goods are gone, of which he is to have no 
great share, he shall have nothing. He seems, therefore, in- 
clinable to leave some part in hand for his future necessities. 
He says, also, there is another man over Sasquehannah who 
has no Interest in the Land, & he must have part of the pay. 
They have no Interpreter but Pesqueetoman, whom we too 
well know, yet he seems well enough inclined to interpret faith- 
fully, the contrary of w ch is a very great crime with them. I am 
sorry I could not be in town with Hetquantaquechta. I wish, 
however, that what is said to him may not be so fully con- 
cluded, but that thou may make a reserve for him to expect to 
hear something further from thee here. 
I am, with due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

The old man says that if y c Goods can be had to morrow their 
waggon shall come down for them, but he would receive them 
here. E. Shippen will assist in y e odd little things, but they 
ought all to be good of the sort. 

J. I,. 



156 PAPERS RELATING TO 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 22 d of Aug', 17:>J. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

The Bearer, John Montour, Brother to Madam Montour (so 
called), formerly wife to Carundawana, alias Rob' Hunter, is 
husband, as he sayes, to Anameackhiskaman, who, with her 
son, claimes some Land at or near Leckey, or forks of Delaware, 
above Durham, where Teeshakornen & Nootamis claim, but 
what right she has I know not. He went, as he tells me, to 
town yesterday, and now came out hither to put me in mind 
that, having been with me before, I told him I could not pur- 
chase it, that nobody could purchase Land of the Natives but 
the Proprietor, and he was expected over, that now they are 
come to treat about it with thee, and he desires I would certify 
this to thee. But, as to their claim, I can say no more than 
that he, being very noisy & troublesome, for he is a senseless 
fellow, and is like his sister as an oyster is to an apple. On y e 
I6 lh (i' 1 '", 1729, as my aeco' shew, I gave them a Strowd. Had 
he come hither yesterday, in his way to town, he might, per- 
haps, have known of the Indians whether their pretence has 
any foundation. But now I know no other answer can be 
given them than that if they cannot now prove their Title other- 
wise than by their own bare word, w eh , in such a case, since we 
are all strangers to it & they to us, can be no proof. They 
must procure some Certificate from Teeshakomen & Nootamis 
who, we know, have Land there, that this woman has a right, 
how she came by it, & where & between what waters it lies, 
&c. He says his sister will be in town in a day or two. She is 
of another make, but ancient, & should be well treated. Pray 
know of her in y e most proper manner whether ever she rec ei1 
that suit of clothes w h I sent her about 3 years since, in your 
names, by Henry Smith. 

I am, with due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 157 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN, ESQ. 

Stenton, 31 Aug., 17;]o. 
May it Please the Proprietor : 

This being y e day of the monthly meeting both I. N. & S. P. 
will probably be in town, &, therefore, if they have due notice 
with the rest, the Comiss'^ may meet between 3 & 4. . . , 
before which time I propose to be in town. But, I shall here 
previously observe, that, since I return'd home from thence, I 
have more reason to doubt my own ability to undertake the 
expedition on my part, for 1 find my limb so extreamly weak 
that the least wrong motion very much disorders it, At getting 
into & out of a boat, with my being so long in it, carries good 
deal of danger w"' it of having me laid up again, and this 
amongst strangers. But if there were a liklyhood of my Pre- 
sence being of service sufficient to under ballance the oddness 
of my appearance where there seems no absolute necessity for 
it, 1 would run any hazard that could rationally l>e accounted 
for. Thou knows my first thoughts on this meeting, & having 
mentioned my second on y e apprehension of what measures 
those of the other side might take, both I. Nor. 1 found, & 
A. Ham., think it impossible. I shall say more, however, when 
there, but pray speak thyself to A. Ham. Thou knows my 
opinion of the importance of that man, and of the wrong con- 
duct of others, as well as his, to rectify all which y e utmost 
endeavours to think ought to be used. My wife is in haste to 
be in time for y e meeting. 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

6'" 8 Evens. [1733. j 
Man it please the Prop T : 

When I received thine, four or five of our Comm rs were to- 
gether at I. Norris's. I kept aside, and And r Ham. following 
me, we read the contents of it together, and I shall communi- 
cate y e same to I. Norris, who staves in town to-night. Just 
before that, we rece rt , each of us, a summons or notice, one of 
which is the inclosed. A. H. intends to see W m Allen to-night, 
if he can, but expect no information or further acco 1 from him. 



158 PAPERS RELATING TO 

If we are all detained, as we shall be, I suppose, from the 
hour of ten, there will be no opp iy for us to advise in anything 
that is to be done to-night. Perhaps is too late for thee, nor 

doe I know whether company may be had. 

But, if not to-night, I cannot but think it will be absolutely 
necessary we should meet early in the morning, & perhaps, 
the Grov' rs may be y e most proper place, as more out of y e way 
than my p'sent Lodging. Thy thoughts on this, I believe, 
may be of use to-night before we part. The meaning of this is, 
that we think if of importance, especially A. H., who has men- 
tioned it more than once with concern, that it should early 
enough be concerted how these people are to be rec' 1 . Pray 

excuse my Paper & haste. 

Thv faithf fr' 1 , 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 12 8'"" 1733, Near half-past p. in. 
May it please the Proprietor. 

I congratulate thee, Coll Gordon, y e Province, & Counties, 
on thy Receipt of the Commission (if effectual as I hope it is,) 
& particularly on the K. approbation, which will not only end 
all disputes here on that score, but perhaps prove also a disap- 
pointm' toaprofessd adversary at his return home. I send 
thee back Paris Pacquet (of which & the other I thank thy 
kind care, ) but am sorry to find him write with no more spirit 
on the subject. Thy Nephew is chiefly spent on the subject of 
his Bro ers Death, on which I had particularly condoled with 
him, with some touches, but light one's, on business which 
shall be communicated at my coming to town pursuant to thy 
appointm' if not before. In the meantime, I request that R. 
Charles may prepare a new Commission of Oyer & Terminer, 
y c date blank, to the judges, for I must own I have been under 
some uneasiness on acco 1 of our intended next week's work at 
Chester, especially Kince a notorious Murder had been com- 
mitted there since our issuing the Venire. I request also that 
e-nquiry I made to-morrow whether y e Sheriff of Chester has 
duly proceeded in pursuance of that writt, that is in publish- 
ing y e Court, Summoning of Juries, &c. 
I am, with Due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 159 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 1" 9 6r , 1733. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Having been told thou intended to sett out as yesterday, for 
Lewis, I went to town the day before, in order to wait on 
thee, but finding had much Company, 1 forbore; and yester- 
day I endeavored to see thee, but was disappointed. The chief 
of my business was, that seeing thy visit to Sussex will not pro- 
bably allow thee to return before the 14 th Instant, the day the 
Comra ,s for this Prov. & those for Maryl d adjournal to, It will 
be necessary, that one who can be at Newcastle, (for of the 
Grov r & of B. C. there can be but little expectation,) should 
meet with thee & discourse the affair, before thy setting out, 
since after it will be impracticable. In order to this, I propose to 
be in town again, 7"' day next, when it may be hoped, both I. 
Norrfs & S. Preston will be there, th° have unless particularly 
called seldom comes that day. 

In the mean time I take the liberty to inclose my acco', as 
formerly exhibited, together with a Duplicate of all the first 
part, but the latter left blank by J. Steel, according to thy di- 
rection, only on thy too great generosity when last here. The 
last article, th° y e Sum Stands is turned into Cash, I paid H. 
Newton at Newcastle. This latter part I beseech thee fully to 
consider in order to a full settlem' which will be a very great 
satisfaction to an old Serv 1 , now in the sixtieth year of his age, & 
Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Newcastle, 25"< 9 6r , 1733. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Having unhappily forgot in the morning to mention it in my 
Lett' to Ja s Steel, I now take the opportunity by this Bearer, 
Ralph Hoyle, to acquaint thy self that there is one vessel at 
Philad a ready to sail for Bristol, w ch may be expected here, as 
I am told, to-morrow or next dav, and an other for London 
(Cap' Craigie,) that tis believed will sail from thence, I mean 



160 PAPERS RELATING TO 

from Philad/ 1 , on o 1 or 4 th day, tho' it is not improbable he may 
stay some what longer. 1 expected both these here about this 
time, which is (what I would have mention' d to J. Steel;) but 
this ace' I have given is what the Pilots of some Vessels just now 
come down gave to those I sent to inquire of them and I suppose 
that such opportunities offering just on our Transaction of 
yesterday with the Co'mmiss" of MaryP may induce thee to 
choose to call here before thou proceeds to Nottingham. 1 
told J. Steel in mine to day that I. Nor. & S. Pr. Set out this 
morning on their return about !), & the Comm™ of Maryl' 1 about 
ten o'clock, for northeast, since which, Doc' Chew getting 
hither between 11 & 12, he & And r Hamilton set forw' 1 in abouj 
an hour after, designing to be this night with their families. 
I shall get a Copy of our yesterday's parting minute, w' h is in 8 
pages folio, ready for any use against this coming, & am with 
due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 
Tis doubtful whether I shall not stay here till 3 d day morning. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stknton, 5 f * 10'", 1733; past 10 m. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

When I wrote the inclosed, I design' d to send it unsealed, 
under cover to thy brother, but on looking it over, just now, 
as I was to fold it up, I was so much ashamed of it that I could 
not bear to send it in that manner; 'tis a pity I believe, how- 
ever, that should be quite lost, & therefore, I send it to thy 
hand, tho I cannot but wish they knew the substance of it on 
the otherside. Fearing to be too late with my Lett rs , I cannot 
add, but that we shall expect thy promised favour here, & that 
1 am with due respect, 

Thine, 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 161 

SECRETARY LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 28"' 10'"-, 17:!:;. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

AVhen I wrote last, I proposed to be in town on yesterday, 
but neither the weather nor Roads would well admit of it, and 
perhaps, there may be very little occasion for my attendance. 
As to the subject I wrote on, I have since considered, that as 
the affair stands, upon all the knowledge I have of it, w ch is 
only what thy Lett 3 gives me, & mine mentioned to thee, the 
handsomest step can be taken in it, is to cause some proper hand 
to draw the Commission to James, in y'" very same terms, with 
that to his father, y e stile excepted, and dating it the first of 
next month, to send for him & give it him as a New-Year's 
(rift, saying very little on what has past, unless this may be 
proper, that thou hast reason to doubt whether thy brother 
would be satisfied, it should be granted on any other terms. 

When I was writing my last Lett r , I was full of the thought 
of the discourse I should use to them, when I came to town, 
intending then to say a good deal, but on further consideration, 
this method appears now to me to be much preferible; it has 
really given me a good deal of uneasiness, as I had particularly 
moved the matter, but I cannot account for other people's con- 
duct, and especially such as we are concerned with. The Lad 
himself I think has a good deal of Merit, & I imagine will be 
thankful & grateful. I know not what to say for my delaying 
to come to town, other than that my last trip to Newcastle 
has more affected the state of my body, than all that has past 
these last (5 years since I rec d my hurt, but if I am much wanted, 
I shall endeavour to come in the best manner I can, tho' I am 
now grown very tender, Yet am in all circumstances, 
Thv assured friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

The bearer will bring back a Line, if thou think fit to give 
him one. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 26'" Dec, 17:!:] 
May it please the Proprietor: 

I am much concern'd at the ace' thine of this day gives me 
of that Commission. I really thought that, as thou hadst been 
speaking tome of the subject, and I upon it to And r , when you 
11— Vol. VII. 



162 PAPERS RELATING TO 

were both last here, you would, as 1 then proposed, have en- 
ter d on it in your return home, for a more suitable occasion, 1 
thought, could not have offer d. But I now suppose it was not 
made use of. My sentim ,s upon it, and, as I last express'd them 
to A. H., were that he should apply to thee in writing, ex- 
pressing his inclination to resign y e office, provided his son 
James, for whose discharge of it he would be answerable, might 
be favour'd with a Commission for it in his stead, and this is 
all 1 know of it. The Commission, in your names, witnessed 
by the Grov r , as far as I can judge, is right, and that point ex- 
cepted, I never had any notion of it that it was to be in terms 
different from that to his father. 1 never had a Commission 
of any kind otherwise than during pleasure, and except it were 
one to Rob 1 Assheton, I never knew any granted otherwise in 
this Province but what was after.w ds found to be wrong, and 
were J. Ham. my own son, or if I had one in all cases exactly 
so qualified, and of his age, he should never, w"' my consent, 
have it otherwise. 1 heartily wish what I so often mention <i 
on this occation, of y e manner of doing it, had been consider tl. 
1 shall endeavour to he in town to morrow, if the weather will 
permit, and am, in y e mean time, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LCXtAN. 



SECRETARY LOtfAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stestox, 15'* Jan", IT-',';. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Once or twice of late, when discoursing of our public affairs, 
1 observed to thee that it might so happen, on the decease of 
a fiovern r , that the want of power in the Grovm t to pass an act 
on any exigency might prove exceedingly inconvenient; and, 
therefore, that as all y e others powers, w th which any Lieut' is 
invested devolve, on such decease, on the Council, it might be 
well to have it, in that respect also, in the same manner here 
as it is in all the other Colonies in America; and that it is not 
Compleatly so here is owing only to these two words, or some 
such, Legislation excepted ', iny e act pass'd by C. Grookin, in 1712, 
as I remember, providing for y c administration on such an In- 
cident. I now choose to mention this again, because a very 
short Bill to this purpose, w ch A. Ham. would, I believe, readily 
draw at thy instance, being recommended by thee to the House, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 163 

or known by them to be tby mind, would now, as I judge, easily 
pass there, for it would take up very little time to fully supply 
a defect which I have for many years pass'd thought of, & 
therefore, thus take y e freedom to recommend it to 
Thy thoughts, from 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stentox, 27 th l mo , j 734. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Upon our last discourse about the Quittr", as the subject is 
of great Importance, not only as it affects thine and thy Broth- 
er s Interest, but as it may have yet more momentous conse- 
quences, I have been considering y e case as far as I have ma- 
terials to proceed on. A. Hani" mentioned the case of mixt 
moneys in Ireland, and the next day sent me the Book, (Davis 
Reports,) w' ; " I have carefully read over, and find it is not at all 
to the purpose, for reasons I have drawn out in writing. I have 
also considered our own several acts, on which I think the 
matter solely turns, and find them very express, yet I am in 
hopes, that on duly comparing them with the th of Queen Anne, 
for ascertaining the Rates of foreign coins in the Plantations, to 
which these acts refer, something may be deducted that will 
help you. I now send to Edw' 1 Shippen, to send me that Act, 
if he can find it among some other Prints I left in town. If 
he cannot, which he will let thee know. I wish,if thou hast not 
a single one, thou wouldst cause one of thy Lads to transcribe 
the material parts, both of that and the Queen's Proclamation, 
if inserted in the act, & send them by the Bearer. I want other 
Law books from A. Hamilton, and to confer closely with him 
upon them and the subject, but that must be deferr'd till his 
return. 

J. Steel being here first day last, told me lie heard they were 
proposing more Paper money (that great Blessing) at New- 
castle, & that thou thought of going down thither this week. 
It is easie to see that, as the Balance of their Trade with the 
Province being against them, drains them of their money; let 
them make ever so much, if made passable with us, they will 
always want, and there will be no end to their craving it ; but 



104 PAPERS RELATING TO 

this is obvious & will occur to all who will consider it. As to 
the other, it may p'haps be worth while to think whether there 
may not be occasion to call our Assembly. I am not so fixt in 
my own Judgm' about this, as that I would advise it, could my 
advice even be of weight, which I have no reason to believe, 
and therefore I only mention it as a matter to be thought of. 
I shall only add, that if any others should think of the same, I 
am sure the assembly might be spoken to in such a manner as 
would or ought to convince them, that they never yet met on 
an affair of greater importance to the Countrey, than this will 
be in its Consequences, if the point, is not amicably gained. 
Hut I say again, I neither now advise to this, nor am I suffici- 
ently determined in my own Judgm' to advise it. 
I am, with due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 
1 hope the boy will be detain d no longer than there's neces- 
sity for it. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 23 d 12"'°, 173^. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

At a Council held hist Month while I was in town the Gov r 
laid before the P>oard some Complaints he had receiv'd from 
the back parts of Chester Countyag 81 John Carnahan, who has 
for some time been a Magistrate there, as a person unfit for 
that Trust. CI. Plumbstead being (I think) the only person 
present who knew the man. spoke in his behalf, and to the par- 
ticular articles, having heard of them before insisting they arose 
only from a spiteful Quarrel upon which it was order 'd that 
some persons in that County should be appointed to inquire into 
the validity of the allegations, and it was expected t he Board 
should be acquainted with the Return. I am further told that 
those who have the power promised CI. PL, (but this I did not 
hear, ) that he should not be let out of the new Commission. 
On 2' 1 day last, I rec'v'd the Inclosed, without date, from the 
Minister of those parts, to whom I once thought not only my 
self but the Govern in 1 obliged for y e endeavours he used on 
some Letters of mine to prevent disorders amongst the People 
of that neighbourhood ; and the next day by a good hand I sent 
it to R. Charles not doubting but it would have some good 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 1(55 

effect, in which it seems I mistook to say no more as to my 
part. I doe not so much as know Carnahan, but have heard 
he is a man of Credit and thinks it hard that his having been 
put in Commission w ch his neighbors and not he requested (for 
this I remember,) should become a matter of reproach to him, 
and give a handle to his adversaries to triumph over him, un- 
less he had deserved it more than has yet appear'd ; and in 
this he will doubtless have many good people of the same mind. 
I must also say I take A. Boyd to be a man worth obliging, 
and I have always found in all differences amongst those peo- 
ple their minister's sentiments are by much of the greatest 
weight & principally to be regarded. The Commission which 
must be at Chester, 3 d day next, for their County Court, may 
p'haps be finished ; but if thou judges the Lett* with what is 
here said may render the affair fit for thy notice or Inquiry, it 
is not yet too late, even tho' the Commission were as I sup- 
pose, it is not sent away, for he might te added, as is very 
frequently done by a particular Commission Impowering him 
to take his place according to his standing, tho' it would be 
much better in the Gov 1 ". I shall only add that these Wounds 
to reputation, were they just, if absolutely necessary may be 
given at any time, but cannot be so cured. I propose to be at 
Chester 4 th day next, in order to be at Chester y e 5 th and am 
with all due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stexton, 24 th Febry, 173f. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

This evening I received a Pacquet of Papers, relating to J. 
Carnahan, with two lines on the Cover, from R. Charles, to 
tell me he sent them by the Ord r which T take to have been in-* 
tended as an answer to what I took the freedom to write to 
thee by I. Pemb. , Jun r , that I suppose came to thy hand by 
him this morning, and tho' I doe not believe 'tis expected of 
me, yet I shall crave leave to give my further opinion upon 
these, w' :h , on another perusal of them, I can doe much better 
now than I couhl only on hearing them cursorily read at y e 
Board, where, if I mistake not, they were all produced except 



166 PAPERS RELATING TO 

a late one from a woman, Js. Jordan, a 2 d from the first Com- 
pliance, & the Justice's Return, and, upon the whole, 1 shall 
give thee my sentim H as impartially as tis possible for me to 
doe in any case whatever. 

The first General Complaint, signed by three Boyds, a family 
I am no stranger to, with five more, I take to be a scandalous 
attempt, ana think Carnahan, whatever he is, has not Justice 
done him unless either y e Paper it self, or a certify'd Copy of 
it, is put into his hands, and the second", from the same 8 hands, 
of y e 18"' of Jan rv , is both presumptuous and Insolent. Most of 
the others, also, if not all, except Grub's, carry either Malice 
or Nonsence, or both, in the face of them, and they altogether 
plainly shew a formed Design (a Method I have known too 
much of in my time, especially near 30 years since,) to rake up 
dirt at any rate, of which the old man, Rob' Boyd's particular 
paper is a clear Instance. As to Grub's Complaint, of which 
the Justices themselves take notice, and which, on y c first view, 
appears a real matter of wrong, he ought to be asked (in my 
Judgem') whether he had paid the money to Moore, & there, 
fo're, was a Loser. It should be considered, also, how Hewey, 
who shewed himself, by y e Tenour of the Complaint, ready to 
pay y e Debt as soon as he could get money, and accordingly 
did it, came to demand it again of Grub, for it would be ex- 
tremely absurd in any man, who had before shewn his honesty 
in his willingness to pay his Debts, to make such a Demand 
without a very good reason for it, and this reason I have heard 
from a hand that I took to be intirely impartial to the case. 1 
think it was S. Blunston who was with me about the time these- 
com plaints came. I say I heard this reason was, that P. 
Moore, whom I also know, and that he is an exceeding sharp 
man, meeting Hewey in Lancaster County, obliged him to pay 
him the money there by some stoppage, or other like means, 
and, if this be the truth, then Hewey had undoubtedly a good 
Right to demand his money back from Grub, since Grub's 
Receipts could no way enable Hewey to receive the money of 
Moore by action, since he had no legal but only a verbal 
authority to receive it. Now, if this be right reasoning, which, 
I think, cannot but be allowed, it must, on the face of the 
whole, appear that if, as the Magistrates say, Carnahan own'd 
his Judgem' was too rash, he must undoubtedly have been 
under a good deal of Confusion, &, from thence, scarce sensible 
of what he said ; howe'r, upon the whole, I cannot from hence 
forbear forming my own Judgem 1 upon that part, at least, of 
the Return. 

And to y e whole of it they say that, after two dayes Inquiry, 
they found the Complaints too just (or to that effect). But that 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 167 

was to say that Carnahan had sokl Rum by small measures, 
and that his Warr ls & Judgem M were not so well guarded as 
they might, and that he had confess'd he had been formerly 
duly convicted, of which last, I think, there is nothing in any 
of the Papers, & therefore it must have arisen from some other 
Quarter. 

Thou wilt doubtless admire, that in such an affair, 1 should 
give thee or my self so much trouble, and mayst. think 1 must 
certainly be deeply embarked in it. It may also, perhaps, be 
alleged by some, that I am willing it should be believed I have 
a great Interest, and will not be foil'd in what I undertake. 
Yet, not any one part of this has any foundation, for Carnahan, 
as I said before, I doe not so much as know, and with Ad. 
Boyd I never desired to have any acquaintance, save when 1 
thought it for yours and the public service. Nor could he have 
any dependence that 1 should take notice of his Lett r . Nay, 
he cannot know that I ever receiv'd it, for I know not who 
sent it hither, or of whom my serv' had it. But my In- 
ducem 1 to all this, is what I should think of considerable 
weight, were I engaged as formerly, and I must believe it 
ought to be of weight with those that now are, w ch is, that from 
a long experience, I have observed it neccessary to guard care- 
fully ag st suffering tlie lower sort (at least) of people, to imagine 
it is in their Power to induce y e authority, either to put in. or 
to turn out any in office at their pleasure; and I must say, that 
Such an attempt as this from those 8 men & boys, is the most 
presumuptous of the kind I have ever known. Pray consider 
this first and second Lett 1 " or Petition. These S only signed the 
first, and in their 2', with a great deal of assurance, they take 
upon them to tell the Grovern r there were a great many hands 
subscribing on the other side, (of which, by y c way, I have seen 
nothing, ) and yet, when it so nearly concerned their Credit, they 
got not one more to joyn them, tho' they say, if it were not 
for troubling his Hon r , they could get a great many, and that 
all the rest of y' : Complants are procured, I think, is evident. 
The authority, I say, of Magistrates here, and the respect paid 
them, I am sure, is small enough, but to shew the least Coun- 
tenance to things of this kind, is the ready method to render, 
hot only them, but even y e Grovm 1 , Contemptible. I am really 
concerned to find, that as things stand, the man proves a tres- 
passer in the article of Rum, w* h , in a Magistrate, I own, is a 
great fault, & what I should not easily pardon in any. Yet, 
great as it is, I shall freely declare my opinion, that for the 
reasons I have given in my other, as well as here, I think he 
should not at this time be left out of the Commission, but, in- 
stead of it, he should be sharply reprimanded by a Lett' to him- 



168 PAPERS RELATING TO 

self, and caution' d to behave in all things in a more inoffensive 
manner ; after which, if there appear a real occasion for it, but 
never on any that should arise in this manner, He may be 
served when this heat is over, & those spiteful creatures, (I 
know of whom I speak,) are disappointed with a supercedeas. 
But I am of opinion, that as y e man is said to have good sense, 
he would, on such a Conduct tow ds him, make a good Magis- 
trate, and those 4 Justices who signed y e Return, of w ch I shall 
say nothing here, may, by something properly said to them, 
be made very easie, or at least should be so. I am now asham- 
ed of this prolixity, but I am sure, my view is right, and there- 
fore, I hope may be excused, 
from 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stknton, 25 th 13™ 173^. 
May it please the Propriel r : 

I thank thee for thine, just now recv'd by thy serv', the 
trouble of sending which express was too much, considering I 
am so soon to be in town. I never imagined the Govern' pre- 
judiced in the case, for 1 believe Carnaghan never offended 
him, and think I know his Disposition too well to believe he 
can doe any thing of the kind, and much less unjust by any 
man, without large provocation, and not the latter, on any 
terms, whatever, to his knowledge ; and I as little doubt his 
being as fully satisfied in mine that after the experience He 
had, 1 would not advise to any thing inconsistent, either with 
his interest or honour, and had he known of my sending their 
minister's Lett' to town, as I did, I doubt not but I should 
have heard a different acco 1 of it. I have had no inducem' what- 
ever, to concern myseif in this affair, but the old one, that lias 
had too long a possession to be easily rooted out— A zeal for the 
good ord 7 and hon r of the Govm\ which, whoever laves suffici- 
ently to heart, will never be diverted from their view by any 
byass, whatsoever. Pray be pleased to doe me Justice with /lie 
Govern r , to whom I am in all respects, save ministerial, the 
same he has ever known me, as I am to thee with due respect. 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 16ft 

SECRETARY LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Steston, 28 ,h Feb ry , 173f 
May it please the Proprietor: 

I forwarded to thee, the other day J a Anderson's Letf to me, 
by Jn° Oalbraith, and now two Deputies coming from Donegal 
to my house with another from the same hand, I also inclose 
it with this. They have likewise shewn me an address from 
their Township to thy Bro. & self, some parts of which I think 
are not sufficiently consistent with J. A's Letf to me. There- 
fore, as that is an answer, and speaks particularly to mine to 
him, I inclose also my Copy of my own Letf w ch probably may 
on this occasion be worth another view ; but I request that 
both it and J. And" two Lett r , may be either sent me again 
or kept for me when I come to town. I could wish their ad- 
dress had been somewhat differently drawn ; what they say in 
relation to y e Indians is too much, tho"tis very true that when 
I first encouraged their Settlem 1 where they are in 1719 & '20, 
we were under some apprehensions, and divers of them for 
some years after recv d considerable loss, by some of y e 5 Na- 
tions, in so much that y° assembly made good some of their 
Losses. ' I doubt not but their case will be considered on y 
score of prudence, but otherwise I have nothing to say. On 
their complaint that some of their Tracts are so exceeding 
mean )w ch it must be own'd is too true, that they are scarce 
worth holding, I have told these 2 men that if the whole Town- 
ship would agree to pay for ali the Land they claim or hold, 
in y e tract at y e price set, I doubted not but the Proprietor 
would leave it to themselves to rate each Tract higher or lower 
according to its worth, provided they made up the sum, but 
this they own is impracticable for them at least. 

I take it to be owing solely to their ignorance, that they im- 
agine it a piece of Policy, to appear to have a great dependance 
on me, which I am sensible may prove to their disadvantage, 
yet for the sake of the Innocent I must beg the Justice to be 
believed in saying as I doe with great Truth, that I never acted 
anything in relation to these through any regard to the Coun- 
trey whence they came, tho' it was my Lot to be born in it, 
or to any other view than yo r Interest, and y e general benefit 
and security of the Province. If I had, I should have acted a 
more friendly part by them, than to place them on a Tract 
so full of Barrens. I hope, therefore, they will not in any case 
suffer, than they must by the soil on my acco', or for any Pro- 
fessions they have made. They well know themselves that for 



170 PAPERS RELATING TO 

10 or 12 years I had a vast deal of trouble with them, without 
one single farthing advantage, nor did I ever propose or ex- 
pect it. I only now wish they may give Content in being found 
Dutiful Tenants, as I am 

Your very faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

P. S. I must beg leave to add that neither these two men nor 
their Constituents have or have had any manner of Instruction 
or direction from me in this application, other than my Lett r 
to J a And", of w ch you had y* view first, & now have y e copy. 

J. L. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stkntox, 13* h Mar., 173$. 

May d please the ProprietT: 

Th° I had lately, for good reasons, resolved to hearken to no 
future applications which some ignorant, honest people are 
still apt to make to me, that, from my knowledge of their case, 
1 would recommend them, Yet I really thought it incumbent 
on me, upon one from John ffore, left 7 ,h day, to put the Gov- 
ern' in mind of what had pass'd on that head, and as J. Steel 
sent me John's Lett., I inclosed mine for the Gov r to him, that 
he might deliver it and receive his answ r . The Request to me 
was, that as the favour design'd for John was grounded on the 
Propriety Direction, the application should be renew'd to thee : 
but as I thought thy Lett r left at Newcastle for the Govern' 
was sufficient, I would not give thee any further trouble in it. 
Yet his answer being different from what might have been ex- 
pected, I have now desired J. Steel, who has my copy of that 
Lett r , to wait on thee with it, that, if thou thinks thy self at 
Jill concern'd in what past, proper measures may be taken in it, 
and there I intirely leave it. And th" my experience of the 
world has abundantly taught me what common Prudence 
should teach every man, that no degree of Zeal will justify an- 
other's interposing in affairs (tho tis extreme hard to check 
a. true Zeal for the public Peace in an honest breast) any longer 
than he has reason to expect it may be of some service, nor will 
any goodness of Intention excuse the man who renders himself 
disagreeable ; yet I cannot forbear this one more to hazard 
some censure, and observe that I had great hope, after our 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 171 

Commissioners for the Division Lines had, in Nov r last, spent 
near a fortnight at Newcastle, not only with the most hearty 
Zeal, but the geatest unanimity to the best purposes in their 
power, for yours and the Country's service and the Gov', with 
those about him were settled in their authority, we .should all 
unite amongst ourselves, and for our own strength cultivate 
Peace and a good understanding, in order to which I advise to 
one step with as much good Jugni 1 , I will venture to affirm, as 
was ever exerted, by me, at least, in any of those, the fruits of 
which these Gentlemen have, for several years, reap'd to their 
ease an advantage, could my advice to them have taken thesam- 
place it formerly had done when it was believed & found neeese 
sarv ; But,on the contrary, it appears that instead of such happy 
effects, that step, as if it were wholly mine, is never to be for- 
given me. Had it been otherwise, and could my wishes have 
prevailed, it would be needless now for me to mention that I un- 
derstand the Gov' is going this week down to Newcastle to 
meet the Assembly there, of which A. H. is speaker; and 
That 1 well know, by many repeated expressions I have myself 
heard, that some would be less uneasie than they ought, to see 
things goe wrong, provided they could load another, whom 
they dislike, with the blame of it. How far A. H. may think 
himself under obligations to the Gov', others will judge ; but of 
this 1 am well assured, that he heartily desires the peace of 
those Counties, and that they may be secured in In- 
terest; Audi as well know, that if the People there should 
take an unhappy turn, it would not be in his power, th° he can 
doe great deal to prevent it Nor, a-4 I have formerly hinted 
more than once, are any professions of the Populace or marks 
of respect once paid to be at all depended on, not only history, 
I nit common observation abundantly confirms this But I 
am very sensible that those who hint their apprehensions of 
dangers which after w da appear not, are frequently but ridicul'd 
for it; yet it has ever been a rule with me, that all who are 
intrusted with the powers of Govern' should carefully watch 
all possible dangers that may arise from any quarter, and guard 
ag s them; and if they never happen, tis well, the Caution did 
no harm and was not the less prudent ; but if they should, 
without any such provision, the person want of Conduct will 
then infallibly be arraign'd, and for my own part, I have so 
much fickleness and such humours prevail in those Counties 
that I shall never be without apprehensions of them till they 
are effectually settled. Of A. H. t;hou fully knows my sentim 1 
both ways, and they are likely to alter; he would gladly serve 
thee, I believe, in an acceptable way, th° he is but too often 
unhappy at finding it, w cU is to be imputed to the one side of 



172 PAPERS RELATING TO 

his Character, while the better still continues in its lull strength. 
Upon the whole, thou wilt consider whether, on this occasion, 
it will not be proper to enter into some open and free discourse 
with him, as also with the Gover r . I have not seen And r since 
we came together from Chester, but hearing my sister-in-law, 
Pemberton, is ill, and that a ship is to sail this week for Lon 11 , 
I think to be in town to-morrow. 

I am, with due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



TERMS FOR YE DONNEGALLIANS"-THOMAS PKNN 
TO SECRETARY LOGAN. 



Philadelphia, 23 d Jan», 1733. 

Loving Friend • On the Receipt of thv Lettr & paper read 
to the Inhabitants of Donnegall, & perusal of them, I found the 
proposals were disadvantageous to us, & began to Consider the 
reasons for granting to those people their Lands at a Rate much 
more moderate than other persons generally pay. 'Tis true 
some of them applyed to the Commissioners before their Settle- 
ment, whereas others went without thinking that formality 
Necessary, but then they have been settled 12 or 15 Years, have 
paid no Consideration for that favour, neither think they 
ought. All y b can give them room to expect an answer agree- 
able to their Inclinations must be from the Services their old 
Friend may have done them, with me joyned to thy Endeav- 
ours, for the Speedy Setle 1 of their Estates, which all reasonable 
men would have been uneasy should have been so long delay'd 
y l have made any Valuable Improvements on the Land. 

For my last answer to any applycations from that Township, 
I do agree that the Inhabitants shall have their Choice of these 
3 proposals : 

Either to pay 16:15 & one Shilling a Hund. @ Quitrenf. 
15 : & 2 Shillings Quitrent. 
6:10 & 1 penny Sterl. an acre. 

The persons must make Choice before the 1 st Day of March 
next which of these terms they choose to Comply with, & the 
Consideration money must be that Pay paid, or Interest for 
the Delay, which will be expected shall not be long. The Quit- 
rent commences from the 1 st Day of March next, pursuant to 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 17:3 

which I desire requests may be drawn up, and when thou Shalt 
know how the people shall choose, I desire to be acquainted 
therewith , & am, 

Thy loving Friend, 

THO. PENN. 



THOMAS PENN TO SECRETARY LOGAN. 

Philadelphia, 24 th Jan", 173a. 
Loving Friend : Having Considered the terms I am willing 
to offer to the Inhabitants of the Townships under thy Care 
North of Donnegal, as the people are generally unable to pay 
money, I shall agree that, from the first Day of March next, 
three years & a half shall be allowed them to provide £ 15 to 10 
Shil. for each hundred acres, & that no Interest shall, at the 
expiration of that time, be demanded for the Delay ; that one 
half penny an acre, Sterling money, shall be reserved for the 
quitrent. & that no persons, who shall hereafter settle on the 
Lands in Your County, shall be intituled to any such Length 
of time, but that all persons settling without propper authority 
shall be removed in such manner as the Law directs. 
I am, 

Thy loving Friend, 

THO. PENN. 



THOMAS PENN TO JOHN WRIGHT. 

Phila. , 24"' Jan"', 1733. 
My Good Friend : I rece'd thy Letter & Speech therein in- 
closed, to the Inhab ts of Donnegal. and. altho' the long time 
they have been settled without their Paym 1 of anything should 
incline them to do at least what was proposed by James Logan, 
yet, as He has been their advocate, & thou hast engaged to 
solicit their Cause, I shall consent that either of the two Pro- 
posals shall be accepted of, provided the money is paid the first 
Day of March next, or that Interest shall be paid from that 
time, and, as James Anderson, in his Lett" to J. Logan pro- 



174 PAPERS RELATING TO 

pos'd, that some of the Towni 18 would rather pay a less Sum, 
& hold at a penny an acre, I also agree that this Proposition 
shall be made to them, to pay six pounds ten Shillings a hnnd 11 
a", & a penny an acre Q' R\ the Money & Rent to be p d as the 
other Moneys are, the Q l R* to comence from y e 1 st Day of Mar. 
next. I have enclosed a Lett r to the same purport, to be made 
such use of as thou mayst judge necessary. This Proposal is 
by them made, without mentioning any thing of the 15 1 10 s , & 
time for paym ,s , for which Reason I have not said anything 
about it, and, unless some have had the promise of it, I should 
think these three Terms are sufficient. If they have, thou 
must certihe me of it that their Grants may be so made. As 
to the Commencem 1 of Rent, it must be as thou hast acquainted 
the people. If thou hast told them they are to pay p' an A. 
from next Mar., there can be no Reason to abate, but I think 
the people of Sawatawro were informed by thee they should pay 
neither Rent or Interest for about 4 years. Of this pray be 
certain, & if thou hast not already given the Rent up, I desire 
it may not be done. 

Thou wilt observe a small Alteration in one of the Proposals, 
which makes too great a I)iff e in calculating the Rent of one 
Shilling a Year, & is also an even Rate. 

1 think if the Donnegallians have not had a promise at the 
15 lbs 10* Rate, there will be a sufficient Diff ce between their Terms 
& those of Sawatawro. If they have, some more time must be 
allowed them. To be sure, five years from the 1 st of Mar. , & 
the others three years and a half from the same time, will be 
sufficient if the latter have not had Reason to expect more, and, 
as is before observed, they must pay Q l R ,s , unless thou hast 
agreed to the Contrary. 

1 have some thoughts of being soon in the Neighbourhood 
of George Aston, but, while the Assembly sits, it will not be 
practicable. Sometime before I set out I will acquaint the 
Day I shall be there, that if necessary, I may meet thee. 

Zachariah Butcher was with me yesterday, & brought two 
Men, who, with him, were much beat & abused on the other 
Side of Sasquehannah, & said that thou hadst directed them 
to apply to me for Directions how to proceed, which I could 
scarce believe, because the way, I suppose, is plain, and the 
Persons should, on application to a Magistrate, have had a 
Warr' for apprehending the Aggressors till the Court had de- 
cided the matter. In this Case, as in all others, I desire thou 
wilt give all the Countenance & assistance as a Magistrate to 
our Officers which they can legally demand, & that Care may 
be taken to make Examples of 2 or 3 of the most forward of 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 175 

those fellows, for which End 1 shall speak to the Att y Gen 1 to 
assist when He goes up to your Court. 

The Persons who are to have the Benefit of the Proposals are 
the Settlers in Donnegal & on one Side of Cheekaselunga Creek, 
on a piece of Land surveyed formerly to us. 

Thy Letter, by Isaac Saunders, I have received & referr'd 
the Matter to thy Self & Elisha Gatchel, to whom I have also 
wrote, & in the mean time ordered J. Steel to give King notice, 
that he may not cut down any Timber. 

Benj" Eastburn having shew'd me some Warrants thou hast 
given out to Settlers over the River, which He got from them 
again, makes it necessary for me to desire thou wilt get in all 
thou canst, & if any Settlers before the Date of the Lott y Pro- 
posals, should apply for more, that thou wilt fill up the War- 
rants & send them down to [John Georges, in whose Office they 
must be entered, & then returned to] Benjamin, who will give 
Oopys, with Orders, to the Surveyor & keep the originals ac- 
cording to the constant Custom in his Office, the party never 
having the Custody of the Warrant unless he is intrusted to 
carry it from one office to the other. 

Having said what is necessary in answer to thy Letter I shall 
only desire, as far as thou canst have opportunity, I may be 
informed of what is done, & am, 

Thy very loving Friend, 

THOMAS PENN. 

P. S. The Persons to whom the Terms are to be offered 
should determine how to hold before the first Day of Mar. next. 



THOMAS PENN TO J. MINSHALL. 

Phila. , 22 .F> er , 1733. 

My Goon Friend : With great pleasure I rece d thy letter 
of the 14"' Ins 1 , and much approve of thy thoughts in regard to 
the Irish Settlers, having been always of opinion that, tho 
they might over their Cups, or when encouraged one by an- 
other, make strange Resolutions, yet that all, except the most 
senceless, would on further Considering, and on the Approach 
of persons of authority, change their former sentiments, and 
as their opposition could in the end only turn to their Destruc- 
tion, receive with Civility any such who would behave mildly 
and with seeming kindness. 

The carrying these thoughts into action is what very parti- 
cularly deserve my thanks. and as thou hast offered to serve my 



176 PAPERS RELATING TO 

family in surveying the Township of Lebanon, I ordered im- 
mediately, on receipt of thy Letter, a Depuration to be made 
to thee, and 1 must desire that thou wilt survey the Lands of 
that Township on the Peoples taking out Warrants, the Re- 
quests for which may be signed by many on one paper, in which 
the Terms may, in a very short manner, be mentioned, and 
Warrants accordingly granted. But if it were possible to spread 
abroad that the persons already settled are only to expect the 
allowance of Time, I think it would be well. Also, the giving 
this time may be a means for their people to encourage great 
multitudes of their Country Men to come over and ('over the 
Country, which might otherwise be inhabited by a people more 
Industrious that many of them are. 

As to Donnegall, I choose not to do anything but thro' James 
Logan, resolving, since they think they are entituled, from the 
Settlement being made by the Comm r % to have the Land on 
old Rent, to leave it entirely to him, provided it is not too long. 
I should be willing to consent that they should have some terms 
more advantageous than the last Rather than have any more 
Trouble about them. 

I shall hope soon to hear from thee the particulars of the Treat- 
ment T. Butcher met with over Sasquehannah. As soon as I 
receive it some orders shall be sent to call the Ringleaders to 
acco , if necessary ; if not, I desire thee & John Wright to take 
the proper measures for putting a Stop to such proceedings, 
by securing some of the chief agressors. 

The Instruction thou mentions I have been apprized of by the 
Chief Justice, and shall, when I see him, further consider it. 

My Intended Journey 1 shall now put of till a more suitable 
season for Traveling, when I hope to have the pleasure of seeing 
ray goodffriends at Sasquehannah, to all whom pray give my 
Respects, and be assured that I am, 
Thy Aff' e Friend, 

THOMAS PENN. 



THOMAS PENN TO JOHN PENN. 

Phil 8 , 14'" Jan., 1735. 
l) r Brto r : Just now hearing that Cap' Annis sails soon from 
Maryl d <fe a Gentleman setting out immediately for that Pro- 
vince, 1 thought proper to acquaint you that I wrote you on 
v e cjth j) ec r ? a Copy of which goes herewith, since which nothing 
extraord'* has happen'd. The Person who was employ 'd to sell 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 177 

Hony Bro . . . Land is in Treaty with some Persons, who 

1 don't question will make a Purchase. 

I have agreed with Clem 1 Plumsted for the Bank Lot, under 
Society . . for five Pounds a foot. It contains 62 feet. I 
have also shipped in a vessel to Carolina the Value of between 

2 & 300 lb in Bread & Flour, & in the Same Commoditys since 
100 lb Sterl. , which I find I acquainted you of before, but w oh 
need not, be insured. 1 have desired Clem 1 Plumsted to pur- 
chase Wheat, but as our River has been some time past froze 
up he has not began, and, indeed, the Moneys laid out in Flax 
Seed, to W" Allen for my Bro r John, & these Sums to Carolina 
have, till now, made it impossible, but as soon as the A. is gone 
he will goon buying, & if we can hire a Ship in the Spring I 
shall forward one Ship load at least. The price at Lisbone, by 
a Letter of the 29 th of Oct, from Jn° Sherman, I find is not there 
any ways encouraging, and this Fall, if Wheat had been got, 
the Difficulty to have procur'd Freight would have been great. 
The price is about 3.9. a Bushel, iv, tho' much Whea thas been 
shipped, the Bales have been dispos'd of at 170^ C\ which, 
tho' a great Price, I have deposited some Money in W m Allen's 
hands, for winch I am to have Bales in the Spring. 

Our Assembly sat Monday last, & will about 10 Pays long. 
I have spoken to some of the Members about the Quit Rent 
affair, <fc they have promis'd their assistance, & I am in hopes 
somewhat may be done. The late News Papers have been 
filled with Arguments for & against the Legality of the Court 
of Chancery, & some People whisper that we intend to make 
use of that Court to recover our arrears, &, if they conceive it 
likely, they may think it much more proper to comply. I have 
not time to enlarge, but, with my best Wishes for your Selves 
& my Bro r Richard's Family, am, 

THOMAS PP]NN. 

The Gov r is recover'd of his Indisp. , tho' much contrary to 
y e Expec. of his Physicians, but, as yet, is confined to his Cham- 
ber. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 15 Map, 1734. —7 Even*. 
Map it please the Proprietor: 

Having talk'd a good deal and thought more to-day of our 
affairs with Maryland, I happen'd in my way home to call to 
mind what I take to be an omission in our Grov r ' s intended 
12— Vol. VII. 



178 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Lett' to C. Ogle, w ch is that, his Lett' turns mostly on taking 
measures to apply to his Mat-", & to know his pleasure, but the 
Gov rs runs wholly on settling some terms for preserving y« 
peace in y e mean time, till the Boundaries are first. His per- 
versity, therefoj-e, may very probably render this as our Ofovm 1 , 
not accepting his very loyal proposal. For this reason, 1 at 
p'sent think it might be worth >vhile to transcribe the Lett 1 
again, (since it is but short and may soon be run over,) and to 
insert after that sentence as the ultimate and only effectual 
means to put an end, &c. , or in some more proper place, some 
words to this sense, viz. , or at least till such time as his Ma 1 " can 
be applied to and his pleasure Jcnown therein as you hate your 
self proposed, or anything to the same purpose that in suitable 
terms may take off all pretence to such an objection; and I 
haVe dispatch this Bearer that there may be time enough to 
consider and doe it To-night, for it requires but little. But 1 
am on J. G. acco' sorry to see the evening promise so little for 
fair weather to-morrow. It would be well if some rep'senta- 
tion could be got ready for the Ships that are to Sail for Lon- 
don, as they say, in ten dayesat farthest. I mentioned a Cau- 
tion to J. Steel, w e - I shall not here repeat. I write this in 
some hurry, & am with due respect, 

Thy faithful fr 1 , 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN To THOMAS PENN. 

Stknton, W" of June, '34. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

I have look'd over the Inclosed, and think if it will require 
any alterations, they will better and more properly be made 
at the Board, after the Copies have been affirmed & sworn to, 
for it will be full as well taken, & probably better, to have the 
minute done in concert with y e Council than to be wholly pre- 
pared before-hand. By ten in the morning, or thereabouts, I 
hope to be there, who am, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 179 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 



Stenton,23 of June, 1734. 
May it please the Propriet* : 

Two things particularly I was short in when with the last <>"' 
day w uh I therefore take the freedom now to mention to thee. 
One is to press further the dispatch of a settlem* and get y' 
ballance of R. Thomas due to thy sister w ch I think is really too 
much neglected. He has settled for Stening Lands but does 
nothing to w ds the Pay w ch on his death will 1 doubt be diffi- 
cult to recover. The others is to conclude on a description of 
y e Southern Boundary of y c Lower Counties on Maryl' 1 w° h , If J. 
Paris has more than once earnestly requested, in case there 
should be room to come to a further agreem' w' h L. Bait., for 
the Cape mention' d in the articles, will with difficulty, if ever, 
be found. If thou hast anything from thy Nephew about 
Mountjoyor S r A. Grant's business, I should also wish to know- 
it, who, am with due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOG- AN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 



Stenton, 1 th of July, 1734. 
May it please the Proprietor. 

Sixth day last, I wrote a note to Ja s Steel, desiring him to 
acquaint thee that Sassoonan or Allummapis, with about hall 
a score of his people, young & old, were that day come hither, 
and that they would visit thee the next ; but the Lad, not find- 
ing James in town, brought back the note unopen'd. 

The day they came they fared very poorly with us, com- 
paratively with their former entertainm' here, for we had dined, 
and because of theexcessive heat we happen'd to have no fresh 
meat in the house, drest or to dress. My wife, therefore, doing 
the best she could with tnem, sent for a Joynt to make them a 
good breakfast in the morning, but they packt up, and were 
gone about sunrise, which really gave me some uneasiness for 
the poor creature having formerly been always well enter- 



180 PAPERS RELATING TO 

turned, and with inarks of respect while he had anything I 
would myself have been at some charge rather than he should 
now think, as others also must take notice of it, that having 
parted with all his Land, and also with all the Pay for it, tho 
he holds the same rank with his people, he is slighted & dis- 
regarded when there is no further advantage to be made of 
him. 1 am sensible this is below thy spirit, and since it fell out 
so unhappily here with me, I could not be easier without giving 
this hint of it, requesting thee to make amends for the ap- 
pearing slight he met with here. And when I have an opp ,v 
myself, (tho I have no Interest in the case,) I shall endeavour 
not to be wanting. Be pleased also to excuse so much being 
said on such a subject, from. 

Thy faithful friend, 

J A- LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stknton, 11 Aug', lT->4. 
May it please the ProprieV: 

Having rec' 1 the 2 Letters from thy Serv*, just as I was going 
into the chaise ; I forbore reading them then, but calling at .J a. 
Steel's, I there look'd on Brown's, but had not patience to go 
quite through the first side. She is certainly a base woman 
to dispute facts so clear, and above all, to endeavour to over- 
throw them by another piece of wickedness, equal to the first. 
In reading the Land in Colby's Lett r , yo r Land, She gave Ja* 
Steel Colby's original Lett r to his Aunt, w ch he has, and there 
it is the Land. She may probably have a duplicate, and of the 
if will make a if & from thence draw a prevaricating argum' ; 
but I am as fully satisfied in the case, as I have ever been in 
any fact, that his aunt gave him a firm Title for the Land, and 
that it was absolutely his. I saw (& shall in a proper place 
depose it) an authentic Deed from his Aunt & brought from 
N. York with me the copy of it,sgined,as I remember, by the 
persons themselves who witnessed the original, and she is an 
Infamous . for disputing the truth of what I have so as- 

serted. 1 never had any manner of Inclination to be concerned 
with that affair of y e Land, and would much rather be dear 
of it, as I really design to be. But after the acco' I gave in 
my representation, as they never had any legal right, I cannot 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 181 

see after what has past, what room there is to be any way con- 
cern d about it. 

The other Lett' from W. A., T read not till I came home, but 
I met him on the Road, & had a good deal of discourse with 
him, and find that th° be sayes, I once told him, I did not see 
but that he might have the Land, and he had it duly surveyed ; 
yet he owns, also, or at least denies not what I told thee had 
pass'd beween us, but what he insists on, is what since pass'd 
between yo r selves at his house, when the u bid him turn y e people 
off, and if they refused, to send them to Newtown. From that 
time, he says, he thought y e point clearly fixed, & has since 
acted accordingly. To all which as I am a stranger to it, I can 
say nothing. But if he has it according to that expectations 
given him, I shall interpose with him, for Tenant's piece, v. ' 
I must confess, stricks a little with me. He complains, I see, 
for want of his Returns, and, indeed, he has reason, for th" 
before thy arrival, I took vast pains to get them made, and 
tho he was generous enough to the officers, and for all they did 
they knew they were to have ready money, and th° J. Steel 
had it most strictly in charge for me, and I believe he was not 
slack in it, is most earnest to press J. Taylor for them. Yet I 
could never see one of them, but this now, I hope, will be re- 
medied. I left Brown's Letf with J. Steel, to return to thee, 
& here inclose the other, from 

Thy faithful fr d 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton ; 5'* of Oct. , 17o4. 
May it pleat>e the Proprietor, T. P. : 

Ann Cartridge tells me that in discourse with her daughter- 
in-law, now in town, since she spoke with thee, she understands 
that Jno. Smith, the Surveyor from Virginia, began at the 
mouth of Octeraioe, and not from Conestogoe, and that it was 
Smith whose line fell nearly in with their house. That Smith 
began at Octeraroe, I think, was always said, but I thought 
yesterday it was a line from Conestogoe, that is, Noble's Line, 
w ch fell in with their house. But she knows nothing of Noble's 
Line. John Smith she saw at their house when he returned 
from Sasquehannah, and knew the man before, so that in him 
she cannot be mistaken. But if some proper person would 



182 PAPERS RELATING TO 

speak with Edmond's Daughter, who, they say, was married 
yesterday in town, perhaps they might come at more certainty. 
If this should he the case, w' h I know not how to helieve, we 
iiave all hitherto misreckoned much, hut I think no time should 
he lost in knowing the Truth with exactness. This I thought 
necessary to hint hefore the woman left y e town, & am 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

If S. Blunston were employ'd, with assistants, to run the 
Line, he might probably the more freely undertake the other. 
The variation must he allowed for w ch is about 5° 40 minutes 
westw' 1 . 

[Note of Thomas Perm's.] 

Rob 1 Charles : I desire thou wilt learn where Ed. Cartlidge's 
Daughter-in-law is, and from her learn what she knows about 
running these Lines, and send me advice by the bearer if she 
can be readily found. 

T. P. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THE PROPRIETARIES. 

Stenton, 8 br ye 8'\ 17;!-J. 
May it please our Proprietors: 

Having a considerable Interest in Durham, I thought it pro 
per to send up my son (a great boy) by the direct Road, that 
he may know it for the future and see a place where he may 
happen hereafter to have some Concern, or business at least. 
With him also comes a servant, who probably may continue 
with me, and being to return immediately will obey your Com- 
mands, if you have any message this way. 

This gives me an opport ty of observing that, being ask'd 
yesterday what I thought might be a proper consideration to 
give the Indians for theirClaim if they should sell, I answered, 
much out of y e way what I would have said, was about 40 shills. 
per thons" 1 for y e whole, good and bad, or to compute for what 
may he improveable of it, as a great part of it is good for little 
or nothing, at about 5 or 6 lbs ,or from that to 8 or 10"' 3 , w oh would 
if 1 mistake not, be near if not altogether as cheap as the other. 
Hut you have the sharpest fellows on such accounts to deal 
with that I have known amongat the Indians, and to set prices 
here is to no purpose, but I think you should purchase. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 18a 

In the evening of yesterday arrived Jennings in Simon Ed- 
gel's Snow, from Bristol, who had not been gone full 4 months 
from hence. The last date I have is from my Brother, y e 17 th 
of Aug st , who, tho' he used to send me a summary of their 
news, has said nothing further in that than that "there is 
nothing yet new undertaken since the surrender of Philips- 
burgh." By the news of July I find that place was surrendered, 
upon very honourable terms, about y e 23 d or 24 th N. St., the 
trench having granted to the Garrison or rather to their Gov- 
ern r , every article he demanded, & afterw ds treated him with 
great honour for his Gallant behaviour, as also did Prince 
Eugene & the Imperial officers for the brave Defence he had 
made. That Prince had made his approaches so near to the 
ffrench that some of his men were killed with musket shot (as 
tis said), but the latter were so strongly Intrenched that the 
Germans could not attack them, their army also being vastly 
inferior in number. This is all I know by that vessel. I heartily 
wish you success and a safe return who am 
Your faithful friend, 

J, LOGAN. 

I ordered my lad this morning to call on Tho. fframe to know 
i! lie had anything to send, w ch he did, but he has nothing. 

J. L. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

PHIL,AD ia , 8'* offeb"?, '3f. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

I came to town yesterday about noon, on acco' of our Durham 
Company, who kept me engaged till near eleven at night. 
What I am now to request is a sight of the Book of Minutes of 
the Commissioners of property, begun in my hand 1701, and I 
will either send it back to day or bring it myself, who am, with 
respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 
I must return home to night. 



184 PAPERS RELATING TO 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN 

Stknton, 13'* offebry. 173*. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Some of the Chiefs of the Silesians who arrived, in the ffal. 
having some weeks since applied to me for a Tract of Land they 
would purchase, I told them when I went next to town, 1 
would inquire whether they might not be accommodated. But 
J. Steel, telling me last 6 th or 7 th day, when I was there, that 
they had not succeeded in their application to you, to which 
I had advised them, and that he thought they were agreeing 
with C. Whisser, I concluded it was over. This morning, some 
of them coining again, told me Caspar's Land would not suit 
them, bceause incumbered with other inhabitants, and there- 
fore, they continue their Request for my assistance, and I be- 
lieve I could get them otherwise accommodated. Put I find 
there may be a thousand pistoles had of them in specie, for 
two thousand acres of good Land at Perkassy, provided, the 
Quittr 18 be easie, which I take to be a handsomer offer than I 
have known made since I first knew the Province, and how 
far such a sum ready down, in that pay, may suit you, your 
selves are the most proper Judges. 'Tis true, I have a good 
opinion of the People, but you maybe assured, I have no other 
view in this than to serve you. They will want an answer as 
soon as conveniently maybe, w ch maybe returned by Ja. Steel, 
or as you shall think fit, & I wish it could be to-morrow. 
I am, with respect, 

Your very faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

I forgot to inquire whether my Letter was sent to J. Ander- 
son, of Donegal. My son having copied this, tells me it was. 

[Note of Thomas Penn's. ] 

I had thy letter about the Silecjans this day, and am obliged 
to thee for thy trouble concerning their proposal to us. They 
have one from us, and are to let us have an answer to-morrow 
or Monday, upon the Terms mentioned in thy Letter. But the 
quantity wee propose to sell to them, is 2500 acres. My Brother 
Joyns with mee in our best wishes for you all. 
I am. 

Thy Ass d ffr d , 

T. P. 
Thy son had thy Letter to Ja s Anderson back with him. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 185 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

March 25, 1735. 
May it please the Proprietors: 

As the weather with its effects on the Roads, w cL are now im- 
practicable, has prevented my coining to town to-day, as I 
fully intended when I left it, I send yon my Draught of such a 
paper as I imagine might be proper for you to send to the 
House of Repsent ves . I am Sorry, indeed, that I cannot now, 
since I was last week in town, please myself with y e same hopes 
of its success that I had when I wrote my former letf, for 1 
have too good grounds to suspect the Trustees of the Loan 
Office, through their Abhorrence of the thought of any further 
inundation of Paper, fix their mind so much on this alone and 
keep it so constantly in their view, that, tho' they also detest 
the Justice of your being kept out of yo r Rights, yet they will 
with no good grace or bent of inclination goe into any measures 
that can give but y e most distant apprehension of the other. 
They flatter themselves that, by their managem 1 in keeping 
money always in y e office, by rendering it somewhat difficult to 
get it out, they shall be able to prevent the increase of it, for 'tis 
this view alone that engages A. H. to undergoe the fatigue he 
bears in that office, which otherwise he would not undertake 
for thrice the Pay he has for it ; and if they can secure this 
point, they hope y e Currency cannot in y fc time it must be out, 
sink much lower than it now is : & if it does not, they seem to be 
of opinion that you will lose much less by it in yo r Quittr ts than 
you would otherwise in y e Pay for your Lands, should there 
be another Emission. This is what I never heard any of them 
say; yet I cannot think myself so awkard at conjecturing, but 
that from the hints that have dropt, I can pretty safely form 
this conclusion ; and what I principally draw it from is this, 
that A. H., in all the discourse I have had with him on the sub 
ject, appear' d always to think it very difficult if not imprac 
ticable to bring the Assembly into any measures that would 
answer the end proposed, and seem'd to think it much easier 
to get you a sum of money in consideration of what you lose 
in those Quittr ts ; and this I Judge he thinks would be another 
method, could it be brought to bear (of w ch I must own I have 
no great hopes) to discourage the Oountrey from suffering y c 
Currency, if by any means they can prevent it to sink any lower. 
Thus much in relation to the Trustees. 

As to the Paper, if you would have it even so much as further 
considered, it will be proper, I believe, as soon as may be, to 



186 PAPERS RELATING TO 

get it pretty fairly copied, and to communciate it as you shall 
judge most suitable and requisite. But tho' it is my own 
draught and thought, yet, I assure you, I should not, myself, 
venture it into y e house without first finding out, by proper 
endeavours, what might probably be expected to be the Issue 
of it. Of the less capable of thinking, most that you would 
consult would probably approve of it immediately. Of the 
other sort, some who would heartily approve of iyour having 
all yo r just Rights, might not, probably, of this method, or of 
all the Language of the Paper, and of those who would openly 
seem to joyn with it, some would be willing, & p'rhaps capable, 
to give it a turn in the dark without ever being discovered. 
All my views in it, was to fall on some method to bring the 
house of Rep'sent ves to say they hope the people will, on further 
thought, discharge their duty with so much Honour and 
Justice, according to their abilities, as to prevent the necessity 
of any other measures, or something to this effect, which 1 am 
sensible they may possibly doe in a very civil manner, yet in 
terms so ambiguous, that each side may construe their own 
way, and in senses directly contrary. Yet, if no other advantage 
followed, you would have this, of having giving fair notice of 
what y e people are to expect, w ch would be some, provided, no 
other Inconveniency ensued. Thus, I have fill'd two pages, 
and yet, you will be no more able than I am to say to what 
purpose. You know my Opinion, that you should be very free 
with, and consult many. There have but few things in my own 
affairs, or those I had in charge, appear'd so fully clear to me at 
once,as that I could depend on my own Judgem 1 without taking 
all the assistance I could get from others, th° after I had form' d 
one, I have not been easily moved without some new discoveries, 
to which I have thought, I ought always to have my eyes open, 
and to suffer no former opinion to prevail further, that its 
foundation should prove solid on any further Inquiry or ex- 
amination. All this I mention here, only as it may lead to y e 
method to be taken in this & y e like cases. Should you see any 
hopes or prospect of effecting any thing, what, if in order to 
prepare them, you invited the whole House to dine with you 
& y e Grov r , (but no more,) at Shubert's, next 5 th day, and there, 
in the most free, open, & pleasant manner talk, now & then 
of y c Countrey & y e People, not forgetting yo r father & his views ; 
the pleasure it would give you to see some of those who first 
accompanied him; the happiness every man then proposed to 
himself & his posterity. You have heard those who had very 
well known yo r father mention the transports of pleasure he 
would sometimes be in, on the thought of his being the In- 
strum 1 of leading so many good men into a seat of Liberty & 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 187 

Plenty, tho' at first they met with some hardships; that un- 
doubtedly the Oountrey has proved a Land of freedom & ease 
to great numbers, & to their Posterity ; But it has often affected 
you with the deepest sorrow to reflect, it proved so much other- 
wise to himself and his ; that th° he was ever an enemy to all 
extravagances, yet his engagem" in attending the Public & 
serving others, had sunk his own family to a degree, that even 
the Debts he necessarily contracted by those means, yet lay 
a burthen undischarged. Then to yo r own disappointm ts , yet 
all with much good nature. But I will not turn y e Leaf, & 
therefore, here break off, & with due respects conclude. 
Your faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

I think J. Pemb, (0. Plumst, &c. , should be seriously con- 
Suited. You, by this time, I suppose, know what to expect of 
1. Nor). 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

St k xt ox, 20 Mar., '35. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

This morning I intended, if the day prov'd as we find it, 
to be in town in the evening; but on thy brother's answer to 
mine of last night, I perceive T shall not be wanted thereon any 
other acco' than that I gave a poor young man from Donegal, 
whom I left in Philad" last 1 th day, & who came out hither to 
me yesterday, an expectation on his affirming to me that you 
referr'd his affair to my advice that I would be there to-day. 
But if I should come, it would give me no small concern to be 
obliged to intermeddle any further in their business. I have 
largely related all I know relating to it, and as I find he is one 
of those who settled on y e south side of Sickasolungoe Creek, 
on a place that neither I, nor any of those parts had any notion 
of its being other than vacant land, and *w l ' h Ja a Mitchel affirms 
was never surveyed, tho returned, in order to secure it from a 
Design that S. Mk & one w ,h meil were said to have in their 
heads w eb , it was then apprehended, might prove of ill conse- 
quence, and as I very fully inform'd thee of all this, I know 
not of anything more I could doe. than barely to repeat the 
same. It has ever been Aery distant from my Practice to inter- 
pose in any case in disfavour of v* Interest, and I should be 



188 PAPERS RELATING TO 

very loth to begin now, all I can say is that y c people were no 
intruders ;they settled by consent, and for my part I was pleased 
in their settling there, they & 1 believed it was vacant, and all 
th.3 rest will be in yo r own breast ; I would willingly come to 
town to doe you any service, but if there be no particular oc- 
casion, would rather avoid it till y e Roads, much hurt by the 
late storms, are fitter for my Carriage. I have, however, just 
now, a pair of horses brought me & bought for me, the one at 
Esopus, the other on Long Island, and if these prove to expec- 
tation, or such as I sent for, my journey may be rendered easier. 

I shall add, that I cannot yet think, but it may be proper, to 
have a fair Copy of the Paper I last sent, and to shew it to 
come of the members of the House that you can most confide 
in. Nay, I cannot see if it goes not into them, but that it may 
be proper enough W. Webb amongst others should see it, &c. 

Just as I wrote y B last word, I was call'd out to see my horses, 
& am sorry I mention'd them, for they do not please. I beg 
the young man above mentioned may be dispatched, which will 
make me the easier in my stay here, & therein oblige 
Thy faithful servant 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 22 d April. ! 35, past 12. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

I heartily thank thee for thy kind Lett r , and congratulate 
you on your success so far as Newcastle. As to my writing to 
New York at the time that affair was discoursed of, I conceive! 
1 had so fully shewn it would be useless for me to write to any 
person there, unless it were Judge! proper, I should say some- 
thing tomy old acquaintance, Geo. Clark, their Secretary, that, 
to speak the truth, I never thought of it since; and even in 
relation to him, I said I doubted whether it might not be better 
not to apply to him in it, as not knowing how he might stand 
affected in the case, and the privatest manner it can be done 
in, that their Govern r may not have the least suspicion, would 
undoubtedly be best. I take it, therefore, to be absolutely 
necessary to know with certainty how George stands with the 
Govern r before anything can be resolved on in relation to him. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 189 

James Alex r , we know, is a sure hand ; whether you have any 
acquaintance, (I mean thy self and he,) I know not, but be- 
lieve -there is not a man in America, out of the strongest ties 
of Relation, for whom he would doe more than he would for A. 
Ham., on the least scrip of a pen for him. However, if you 
can be well assured that G. CI. and y e Gov 1 are any way at vari- 
ance, I would write to him, if desired, tho' I cannot say my 
judgm* would goe along with it. I suppose you write only by 
post, & if so, some-body from me shall wait on thee to morrow 
to know your further pleasure, which is all I can say on that 
head. 

My family are all so well that they are stept out this morning 
to Schuylkill, to see the fishery there, and bring home, if they 
can, a dinner. 

Just now, as thy Serv 1 deliv' 1 thine, a Message came to B. 
Eastburn from his wife, to acquaint him he must hasten home, 
for thou wanted him. I have many weeks past been expecting 
him here, and he had so nearly finished for me that I thought 
it would really be a pity, considering it is so very difficult for 
him to get abroad, if for the sake of being earlier with thee by 
two hours, at most, he should be obliged to make another 
Journey of it, and leave a business imperfect that I wanted 
much to have dispatched, and was so nearly completed. Yet 
he would by no means agree even to this short space, unless I 
would absolutely take upon me.to get him excused, so that he 
might be entirely exempted from blame, which I beg these 
lines may effect, & it will oblige, 

Thy very faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THE PROPRIETARIES. 



Stbnton, 25 th of June, '35 [at night.) 
May it please the Proprietors: 

Had not I been taken up almost all this afternoon with revis- 
ing R. Charles's Draught of y e Lett 1 to MaryP, I should have 
waited on you to mention what, in my Judgm', may be worth 
your thought now on Henry Smith's speedy Return amongst 
the Indians, w ch is, that I am really apprehensive of some dis- 
satisfaction breaking out, unless great care be taken to prevent 



190 PAPERS RELATING. TO 

it, about their Lands, especially on Sasquehannah, nor am I 
altogether free of the like in relation to those on y e western 
branch of Delaware, of which I may be more particular when 1 
see you. But I shall here mention what I think a proper step 
to be immediatley taken, w ph is, that as Allumapus is at present 
very poor, yet considered and respected as the Chiefs of all our 
Delaware Indians, and as the five Nations carefully observe 
how those Natives, who depend on them, are treated, it may 
be prudent now, when some of the Chiefs of those People are 
expected, to send Allumapus a small present, as a strowd, a 
Blanket, & a shirt for himself, and, at the same time, to order 
ten or twelve bushels of meal to be sent to him from Tulpyhockiii 
under the name of Provisions, for those Chiefs and their 
People, a method w ch carries no great Cost with it, yet is very 
particularly obliging. H. Smith sayes he intends to set out 
again y° day after to-morrow, and he can very easily carry the 
Present, as also the order to Conradt Wiser, or in absence, to 
such as H. Sra. may name, for the Provision, about which he 
may be particularly talk'd with. This I take the freedom to 
give as my opinion, and, were I present with you, believe I 
could give you sufficient reasons to induce you to y e same. In 
y c mean time, I am, with due respect, 

Your faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THE PROPRIETARIES. 

Stknton, 19 th of 10" r , '35. 
May it please the Proprietors: 

Having this afternoon, recv'd a Letf from S. Blunston, of y' 
9 th Instant, I think 'tis proper to acquaint thee in time with a 
particular he mentions to me, which, 'tis not improbable, he 
may have observed to thy self, but as he sayes he takes notiee 
of it to me as C. J., I would not neglect to communicate it, 
which is, that he happened by some accident to meet w ,h a 
Lett r , directed by the Att n * Gen 1 of Mary' 1 , Dulaney, to y c 
Att"y who manages the affairs of their People at Lancaster 
Court, with directions to follow former Instructions, and, 
if the Court should give Judgem 1 against them, then to 
appeal to the King, or, if that was refused, to take good 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 191 

evidence of that Refusal, w'\ before their next Court comes 
on, should, I think, be considered. He further tells me 
what I am really sorry for, that Jennings, who was to have 
taken Cressap, having been too free with his secret to some 
on this side, who had nothing to doe with it, the Design is fully 
discovered to Cressap, who threatened to be his death if he 
ever meets him there again. W. Allen should, therefore, know 
this, and take immediate care to acquaint him with it in time 
to prevent any further attempt, since it cannot now be attended 
with any other Consequence than mischief. I should be pleased 
to hear of thine and families welfare with the Govern™, (but 
hope my wife has visited him to-day,) and am, with due respect. 
Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOG- AN. 



Mr. PETERS' LETTER TO THE PROPRIETOR. CON- 
CERNING DUNLAP. 

[1735,] 
. Honour 11 Sir: I have just now i-eceived an account that 
Cressap has spirited up a number of poor infatuated people to 
sign a Petition to the King against me for burning their houses 
& for doing some acts of Injustice to one Andrew Dunlap, who, 
with his son, as it is said, is to go to London & present their 
Petition. He is gone to Virginia for that purpose, being much 
encouraged by some of their good men, perhaps Lord Fairfax. 

As to the burning of the Houses, The Treaties w lh the Indians, 
& particularly their last Treaty, setting forth their complaints 
against these Trespassers, the solemn engagement of the Gov- 
ernor to them to remove them, the sundry Proclamations be- 
fore removal, My report of my Proceedings, approved by Gov- 
ernor, Council & Assembly, all which you have, will fully set 
this matter right. 

As to the old man, Andrew Dunlap, I have, from a true com- 
panion, for y e great Injuries he sustained from one John & 
Robert Black, assisted him with my advice & money from time 
to time, & endeavourd to obtain a satisfaction for him from 
those iniquitous people, but as he is a very weak old body, 
they always got the better by y e man's ignorant management, 
& at last, by law suits and other expensive proceedings, they 
reduced y e poor man to beggary. In this condition he again 



192 PAPERS RELATING TO 

applied, I think, in y c year 1732, for redress to y e Governor, 
who told him he was sorry for him, but it was not in his power 
to help him in this, as the Blacks had some land for which they 
had not taken out warrants. He applied for their Land by 
way of reprizal, and it was thought a good expedient to oblige 
them to make him satisfaction, but it was never proposed by 
him, as he had no money to pay for the Land, y' any other use 
should be made of a Grant y" only to induce the Blacks to do 
him justice, & then all was to be cancelled. On this the Gov r 
signed Patents to Dunlapfor Black's Land, & I kept ye Patent 

in my hands; but the Blacks dying, & their Lands 

going into their widows' & their children's hands, who had 
made considerable Improvements, & nothing being to be done, 
I cancelled all the proceedings agreeable to what was concluded 
on before they issued. I heard no more of Dunlap till 1 went 
over the Hills, & there 1 heard he had made a settlement con- 
trary to y' Proclamations, & I afterwards saw him there, & was 
much concerned at his hard fate. He voluntarily entered into 
a Recognizance & Bond. & came away, & I, gratis, put him upon 
one of my own Plantations, that had cost me near three hun- 
dred Pounds, & I thought he was there now, but to my surprize 
three Justices of Peace, Mr. Allison, Mr. Smith, & Mr. Max- 
well, have sent me a Letter y' such a Petirion is signed, and he 
is to have the charge of it to London ; and that in the body of 
it he complains of me as if I aided y e Blacks, or did something 
by \v' h he was kept out of his Right — all absolutely false, as will 
be made appear by numbers. This part, however, I am answer- 
able for to you, & no body else ; and 1 must stand or fall in all 
this proceedings by your Judgment, w ch is a mighty comfort. 

Tho' I dont know whether this wrongbeaded wretch will go 
over or no, or y 1 any gentleman can be so base as to support 
him, yet I think it necessary to apprize you of what I hear, y l 
you may not be surprized in case it prove true. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



193 



WARRANTS FOR NEW CASTLE COUNTY— 1735. 



A List of Warrants Granted, for Surveying & laying out at, the 
several Persons undernamed, the respective Quantities of Land 
to'their names annexed, situate within the County of Newcastle, 
on Delaware. Extract from the Original Warrants of Survey, 
now remaining in my Office, at Philadelphia, the 23 d day of 
April, A. D. 1735, ^ Benja. Easthurn, Survey 1 " Gen 1 of the 
Province of Pennsylvania and Counties on Delaware. 



Renters' or Purchasers' Names. 



Neels Laarson, friend 

John Longworthy 

Thomas Lankshire 

Thomas Laws 

Paul Laarson 

Samuel Land 

Anglebert Lott 

.John Kirkey 

Edward Kennison 

Henrick Jacobson 

John Paul Jacquetts 

Aaron Johnson Vandenburgh ... 
Jean Paul Jacquet, Peter Claasseu 

Matthias Matthias de Voss 

William Morris 

Daniel McCarty 

Hugh Maesland 

Hans MarkesOD 

John Murray 

John Pennington 

John Taylor & Hubert Wheeloon . . 

Jacob Vanderveer 

Broer Sinnexen 

.In nies Scott 

Miner Sinnexen 

Charles Peterson 

Jacob & Cornell Vanderveer . . .'. 

Jacob Vanderveer 

Thomas Spry 

Francis Scott 

Charles Pickering 

Charles Pickering on behalf of other 

Isaac Stover 

David Stradling 

Robert Robinson 

William Rakestraw 

Richard Robinson 

George Reed 

Gabriel Rappee 

Do. for 12 Servants . . . 

Do. for a Mill 

Capt. Israel Heline 

William Green 

Arnoldus Delagrange 

William Guest 

Do. 

Thomas Gillet 

John Garretson 

Thomas Gillet 

Jacob Hendrickson & Hendrick 

Hendrickson 

Robert Darby 

Henry Doll 

Morgan Druet 

Peter Claasen 

I'eter A I ricks 



Warrts. granted by 



Commrs.at Philada. 

do. 
VVm. Penn. Propv. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
Commrs 

do 

do. 

do 

do. a Resurvey 

Court at Newcastle 

Propriety, William 

Penn 

do 

do 

do 

Commrs 

do 

do 

Propriety 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

Commrs. at Phil 



Quantity 
acres. 



do. 

do. 

do. 
Commrs.at Philada. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Proprietary, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



800 
200 
200 
300 
200 
300 
a resur. 
300 
200 
100 
200 
100 
200 

400 

300 

200 

200 

200 

300 

200 

500 
a resurvev 

360 

100 

300 
a resurvey 

400 

400 
a resurvey 

400 
a resurvey 

208 

200 

200 

300 

500 

200 

100 

600 

COO 



300 
200 
300 
300 
200 
96 
300 
200 

300 
200 
100 
a resurvey 
200 



Date of ye 
Warrants. 



, 1*184 
. 1685 
.1685 
.1(184 



30 of 7ber, lfi84 
5 of Aug. ,1685 

30 of May, 1683 

16 of Jan., 1683 
14 of May. 1684 

5 of lOber, 1683 
12 of May, 1685 
27 of Jan. 

14 of Apr. 
28of Aug. 

3 of Feb. 
2&3of lOber, 1679 

22 of Feb., 1682 

23 of Feb., 1682 

15 of July. 1684 

12 of 10ber,1683 

31 of Sber, 1684 
7 Of Apr. . 1685 

10 of Feb., 1684 

13 of May, 1684 

4 of Aug.. 1684 
18 of May, 1684 
3'. of May, 1683 

30 of May, 1683 

31 of May, 1683 

18 of Sber, 1683 
27 of Aug., 1689 

7 of Apr. ,1685 
10 of Feb. , 1684 

17 of Feb 
30 of 

7 of Apr. ,1685 
12ot'7ber, 1684 
12of7ber, 1684 

3 of Apr., 1684 
24 Of Feb. , 1684 
3 of Apr. ,1685 
3 of Apr ,1685 
30 of 7ber, 1684 
30 of 7ber, 1684 

30 of 7ber, 1684 

31 of July, 1684 

19 of May, 1684 

20 of June. 1684 
29 of July, 1684 

8 of Aug., 1684 

18 of June, 1684 

5 of lOber. 1683 
5 of Feb., 1682 

8 of lOber, 1683 

21 Of Apr. ,1683 
18 of 8ber, 1683 

1 of lOber, 1683 

1 of 7ber, 1683 

23 of Feb., 1682 



,1684 

■ 168.". 



13-Vol. VII. 



104 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



Renters' nr Purchasers' names. 



Jonas Arskin 

Jacob Aertson 

Samuel Hollingsworth 

Israel Heliue. jun 

Thomas Graves 

John Grigg 

William Grigg 

William Guest 

Henry Garrettson 

Paul Garrettson 

Cornelius Empson 

Do 

Do. 

Benjamin East 

Thomas Fox 

Robert French 

Henry Furniss 

John Darby, in right Of John Chaffe. 
who purchased of George Andrews 

William Cheek 

Jacob Clason 

John Cann 

John Carolson & Susannah Hen- 

drjckson 

William Bouroughs 

Jacob Aertson 

Robert Fennell 

Richard Halliwell 

William Howston 

John Grantham 

William Guest 

William Davis, David Evans & Wm. 

Willis & Compa 

Robert French 

John Bndd 

Joseph Wood 

John Wild 

Rees Thomas 

Do. 

Resurvey ye County in Genl 

NewcastleTown comn 

James Harland 

Obadiah Holt 

John Hales 

Joseph Hedges 

Joseph Hansen 

John Guest 

Do 



Paul Garretson 

John Guest 

Do 

Ricd. Cantwell. Win Dyre & Com- 
pany. Members of ye Church of 
Engld 

Matthew Corbet 

Joshua Story 

John Cock 

George Dakeyne 

Brian McDonald 

George Dakeyne 

William Dyre 

Peter Anderson 

Do. 

Do. & Joshua Ilansens . 

Andrew Anderson 



John Bentley 

Thomas Boyer 

Bank of Delaw., to the lnhabts. of 

N. Castle Town 

Abraham Brewster 

Humphrey Best 

Do. & Joseph Wheeldon 

William Brakin 

Joseph Moore 

Joshua Morgan 



Warrts. granted by. 



Proprietary 

do. . . . . 

Commrs at Phllada, 
do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

do. 
do. 
(in. 
do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Proprietary 
do. 
do. 



do. 
do. 
do 
do. 



do. 
do. 
Commrs. at Phil 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do 
do. 

Commrs. at Phllada. 
do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Quantity 
acres. 



200 

200 

300 

174 

200 

200 

400 
50 

100 

100 
a resur. TO 

500 
a resurvey 

200 

500 
a Lot . . . 

250 

200 

300 

200 

a resurvey 

abt. 200 . . 

200 

200 

500 

400 
a vacancy 

200 
abt. COO . . 

30,000 
150 
500 
200 
400 
400 
200 

KO00 ' 
abt. 250 
150 or 200 
a vacancy 

100 
300 or 400 

250 
several 
tracts 
250 
a resurvev 

100 
Ground for 
a Chappl. 

200 
200 
250 
600 
a vacancy 



200 
50 

a resurvey 

resurvey 

200 

100 

100 



247 
200 
400 
100 
a addition 
100 



Date Hi ye 
\Varr2nts. 



15 of Apr.. 1084 
22 of Feb., 1682 

27 of Feb., 1684 
22 of June, 16a5 
19of lOber, 1684 
12 of May, 1685 
26ofl0ber, 1684 
19of I0ber,1684 

7 of Apr. . 1685 
7 of Apr., 1685 

28 of July, 1685 
28 of July. 1685 
28 of July, 1685 

10 of lOber. 1684 
27 of Jan. . 1684 

S of Feb. 1693-4 
7 of June, 1685 

lit of May, 1685 
12 of 7ber, 1684 

26 of lOber, 1684 

11 of Jan.. 1684 

25 of 9ber. 1684 
26of lOber, 1684 
7 of Apr. ,1685 

27 of Jan. . 16.S4 
30 of 8ber. 1701 

3 of 8ber. 1701 
2 of Aug.. 1701 

4 of Feb. 17001 



15 of 8ber, 

'-.'6 of Aug , 
11 of Feb, 1' 
31 of 8ber, 
19 of lOber. 
l'.lof lOber, 
31 of Mar. . 
26 of May, 
31 of 8ber, 
28 of Jan.. 
28 of Jan., 

16 of Apr. , 
8 of 7 her, 

28 of Jan.. 
3 of 7ber. 
23 of Mar. 1' 



1701 
1701 
001 
1701 
1700 
1700 
1701 
1701 
1701 
1701 
1701 
1705 
1702 
1701 
1705 
f01-2 



28 of Jan.. 1701 

28 of Jan.. 1701 

15ofl0ber,170I 

1 of 9ber. 1704 



1 1 of Mar. 

24 of 9ber, 
25 of June 
28 (if Jan. 
21 of lOber 

5 of Jan. 
20 of Feb. 
5 of Jan. 

25 of June 
5 of Jan., 

28 of Jan. 



1705 
1702 
1705 
1701 
1703 
1702 
1704 
1701 
1705 
1701 
1701 



14 of Augt.1701 
12of Mar. 1704-5 

11 of Feb. 170! 
28 of Jan. 1701 
11 of Mar. 1705-6 
2Sof.lan. 1701 
24of9ber, 1701 
31 of lOber, 17(11 
22 of lOber, 1702 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



105 



Renters' or Purchasers' names 



John Monroe 

Henry Land 

Thomas Janvier 

John Lewis 

Richard Halliwell 

George Hogg 

John King 

Geo. Hogg for Jno. Dunn 

William Home. Joseph England & 

others 

William Home 

Joseph Hedges 

James With 

Peter Oldson 

Joseph Wood 

Christopher White, for ye Orphans of, 

John Champion 

Benjamin Swett 

Samuel Thawley 

Nicholas Smith 

Thomas Rossel 

John Richardson, jun 

James Claypoole 

John Bruister 

Joseph & James Bolle 

Dr. Disjardin's Widow 

John Prew 

John Buckley 

Daniel Smith 

('apt. Edmund Cantweil '. 

Oliver Cope 

Dink & Bendrick Huyherts . . . . 

Casparus Herman 

Samuel Peterson 

Richard Quench 

Anthony Wallis 

Gysbert Walraven 

Matthias Bellis 

Samuel Barker 

Michael Offley 

John Pierson 

Zechariah Patrick 

Lucas Steedbam 

Liluff Steedham 

Erasmus Steedham 

Timothy Stedman 

William Stockdall 

James Claypoole 

Casparus Herman 

Charles Pickering 

Isaac Slover 

John Vance 

William Vance 

James Widow 

Henrieus Williams 

John Cowgill 

Gilbert Falcouar, 

Col. John French 

Evan Powell 

JohnGrigg 

David Jones 

Johannes Jaquet 

Thomas Pierson 

Isaac Ridley 

Jacob & Jacob, junr. . Vanderveer . 

John Thomas 

Jacob Vandegrist. Dan'l Cormick. 

& Albert Van Zant 

Isaac Nigoren 

Christopher Wilson 

William & Cornelius Williams. . . . 



Warrt 


i. granted by. 


Quantity 
acres. 


Date of ye 
warrants. 


Commrs.at Philada. 


300 


25 of June. 1705 




do. 


200 


22 of lOber, 1701 




do. 


a Lot 


1 of Apr. 1702 




do. 


200 


1 of 10ber.l705 




do. 


a Lott 


31 of Jan.l70(i-7 




do. 


a Lott 


28 of Jan. 1701 




do. 


200 


4 of Keb. 1701 




do. 


a resurvey 


9 of June. 1702 




do. 




13 of Jan. 1703-4 




do. 


1,000 


27 of lOber, 1704 




do. 


100 


24of9ber, 1702 




do. 


50 


11 of Mar. 1705-6 




do. 


100 


5 of Jan. 1702 




do. 


an overplus 


23 of Aug. 1703 




do. 


200 


18 of May, 1703 




do. 


a Lott 


3 of June, not; 




do, 


200 


15of9ber, 1705 




do. 


200 


25 of June, 1705 




do. 


100 


27 of May, 1701! 


William Penn.Prop 


a vacancy 


lOof 10ber,1711 




do. 


a resurvey 


10 of Feb. 1084 




do. 


300 


20 of June, 1684 




do. 


300 


10of7ber, 1083 




do. 


A Lot in 
Town 


12 of lOber. 1083 




do. 


100 


10 of July. 1083 




do. 


100 


30 of June. 1683 




do. 


200 


17 of June, 1084 




do. 


a resury. 
2 Tracts 


1 '.lot sber, 1083 




do. 


100 


7 of July. 11183 




do. 


200 


18 of Sber, 1083 




do. 


400 


22 of Feb. 1082 




do. 


300 


17 of Jan. 1083 




do. 


200 


12 of July. 1084 




do. 


150 


11 of Aug. 1683 




do. 


300 


20 of June, 1084 


Comrs 


. at Philada. 


100 


28 of Aug. 1685 




do. 


200 


7 of Apr. 1685 




do. 


300 


27 of Jan. 1084 




do. 


200 


20ofl0ber,10S4 




do. 


200 


14 of Apr. 1685 




do. 


200 


13 of July, 1685 




do. 


200 


13 of July, 1685 




do. 


200 


13 of July, 1685 




do. 


a Tract 
bound'd 


7 of Apr. 1685 




do. 


250 


3 of Apr. 1685 




do. 


180 


7 of Apr. 1685 




do. 


a resury. 


7 of Apr. 1685 




do. 


500 


29 of Sber. 16S4 




do. 


A Lot in 
Town 


12 of 7ber, 1084 




do. 


200 


30 Of June. 1685 




do. 


200 


30 of June, 1685 




do. 


200 


14 Of Apr. 1685 




do. 


200 


7ofAp. 1685 




do. 


100 


1 of May, 1718 




do. 


40 


28 of Mar. 1715 




do. 


a resurvey 
a Lot 


15 of May, 1716 




do. 


resury. 200 


15 of lOber, 1719 




do. 


abt.300 


19of9ber, 1714 




do. 


200 


21 of 7ber. 1715 




do. 


150 


19of7ber, 1718 




do. 


54 


25 of Mar. 1718 




do. 


100 


23 of lOber, 1710 




do. 


400 


29 of July, 1717 




do. 


vacant 


15 of Feb. 1708 




do. 


tiOO 


16 of Mar.1708-9 




do. 


a Town Lot 


28 of May. 1708 




do. 


200 


8 of 10ber.l7i8 




do. 


for a 
Landing 


1 of Feb. 1724-25 



196 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



Renters' or Purchasers' name. 



William Williams 

John Williamson 

lnhabitts. of N. Castle Town 

John McDonald , 

James Anderson 

Edward Burrows 

Patrick Bromfield 

William Burney 

Do. 

William Burrows 

Job Bunting 

Matthias Vanbebber .... 

Daniel Cormick 

John Cowgill 

Matthew Corbett 

Richard Cantwell 



James Coutts , 

Robert Courtney 

William Cuerton 

Abel Dodd 

George Dakeyne for Dyer . 
Rowland Kit/. Gerald . . , 

John Frogg 

Alexander Frasier 

Kdward Gibbs 

John Gumley 

John Griffith 



John Garretson 

William Hacket 

John Harris 

Christopher Hussey 

Rowland Deliaes 

Enoch Jenkin 

Simon James 

Roger Kirk 

Richard J nines 

Dr. Mordecai Moore 

Attor. of James Miller 

Griffith Nicholas 

John l'eel 

John Robinson 

Christopher Schlegle 

Joshua story 

Richard Tranter 

Cornelius Toby . . . .' 

Thomas Brocke 

Edmund Percus 

George Chrichlow 

William Markham in behalf of An 

thoy's Lowther 

Francis Smith 

William White 

Amos Nicholas 

Edmund Percus 

Do. a Resurvey, . . 

Edward Blake, a Lot in Newcastle 
Edwd. Blake & Robt Dyer. Resurvey 

Richard Sandum 

James Claypoole 

Anthony Burgis 

Jacob Vandervere, a Resurvey . . 
Jno. & Jacob Nonskoin, a Resur. . . 

Peter Olloson 

Jno. Moll, a resurvey 

George Harland 

Owen Bradley 

Morgan Drewit, a resurvey 

Owen Foulke 

Nicho.& Nathanl. Wye 

Abraham Pratt 

Richard Grigg 

William Little 

Powell Garretson 

Richard Reynolds 



Warrts. granted by. 


Quantity 
acres. 


Date of ye 
Warrants. 




200 


20of9ber. 1717 


do. 


150 


(5 of Mar. 1716-17 


do. 


Marsh Land 


18 of June, 1715 


do. 


250 


7 of Jan. 1708 


do. 


200 


24of8ber, 1709 


do. 


200 


25 of Mar. 1715 


do. 


200 


12of7ber, 1715 


do. 


250 


5 of 10ber.l7l4 


do. 


250 


21 of 7ber, 1715 


do. 


a vacancy 


1 of June, 1713 


do. 


150 


1 of May, 1718 


do. 


a Res. 2, 500 


17 of 7ber, 1709 


do. 


about 40 


10 of Apr. 1710 


do. 


a resurvey 


20 of May. 1714 


do. 


200 


15 of Mar. 1714-5 


do. 


A Lot in 
Town 


18 of 8ber, 1708 


do. 


do. 


4 of Apr. 1707 


do. 


150 


4 of Mar. 1710-7 


do. 


a vacancy 


25of June, 1714 


do. 


150 


20 Of Aug. 1715 


do. 


a Lot 


Hi of 7ber, 1708 


do. 


40 or 50 


10 of 10ber,1718 


do. 


100 


21 of 7ber, 1715 


do. 


100 


20of7ber, 1715 


do. 


200 


20 of Feb. 1714 


do. 


about TO 


7 of May, 1712 


do. 


betw.one & 
200 


4 of Mar. 1710 


do. 


a vacancy 


25 of June, 1714 


do. 


150 


24 of Feb. 1714-5 


do. 


200 


24 of 8ber, 1709 


do. 


A Lot 


4 of June, 1707 


do. 


A Lot 


22 of Apr. 1708 


do. 


about 150 


21 of Tber. 1715 


do. 


200 


20of9ber. 1717 


do. 


100 


3 of Augt.1718 


do. 


150 


12 of Mar. 1712-3 


do. 


3,000 


17 of Feb. 1713 


do. 


a Lot 


3 of Aug. 1708 


do. 


about 500 


10 of June, 1713 


do. 


150 


10 of Aug. 1710 


do. 


100 


4 of Mar. 1710 


do. 


200 


1 of Apr. 1717 


do. 


betw.3 & 400 


13 of May, 1713 


do. 


200 


14 of Aug. 1710 


do. 


abt. 50 


29of7ber, 1718 


do. 


200 


15 of Apr. 1680 


do. 


300 


15 of Apr. 1080 


do. 


300 


30 of Mar. 1686 


do. 


5.000 


26 of Mar. 1686 


do. 


250 


26 of Apr. 1686 


do. 


250 


7 of May, 1686 


do. 


200 


15of Mar. 1085-0 


do. 


200 


3 of Mar.1685-6 


do. 




19 of May, 1086 


do. 




29 of Mar. 1689 


do. 




2 of Aug. 1090 


do. 


200 


12 of July. 1680 


do. 


500 


Oof lOber, 1680 


do. 


800 


15 of Apr. 1086 


do. 




2ofMar.l687-8 


do. 


200 


15 of Apr. 1080. 


do. 


200 


28 of Apr. 1080 


do. 




24 of Jan, 1088-9 


do. 


200 


3 of May, 1080 


do. 


200 


15 of Apr. 1680 


do. 




11 of Apr. 1689 


do. 


400 


13 of July, 1680 


do. 


200 


18of9ber. 1685 


do. 


200 


30 of Apr. 1686 


do. 


200 


7 of 9ber. 1685 


do. 


200 


10 of 9ber, 1085 


do. 


200 


28 of Apr 1686 


do. 


200 


11 of June, 1080 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



11)7 



Renters' or Purchasers' Names 



Jno Wheeldon & Wm. Oliver . . 

Thomas Clarke 

John Nayles 

James & Thos Harlin 

Antho. Weston in behalf of Wm 

Osburne 

Oliver Taylor 

George Robinson 

John Dunn 

William David 

William Powell 

George Taylor 

Wm Markham 

Thomas Laws 

Ephraim & Casparus Herman . . . 

Thomas Wooliston 

Morris Liston 

Hendrick Williams 



Warrts. granted by. 


Quantity 
acres. 


Date of ye 
Warrants. 


Commrs. at Philada. 


500 


30 of Mar. 1686 


do. 


200 


IS of May, 1080 


do. 


200 


9 of Feb. 1687-8 


do. 


400 


16 of Aug. 1686 


do. 


1,000 


15 of Apr. 1686 


do. 


200 


3 of May. 1686 


do. 


200 


20 of May, 1689 


do. 


200 


16 of Aug. 1686 


do. 


200 


19 of May, 1687 


do. 


500 


15 of Apr. 1686 


do. 


200 


18 of Mav, 1686 


do. 


500 


30 of 8ber, 1685 


do. 


200 


31 of May, 1686 


Proprietarys, a re- 


3.209 


23 of Feb. 1682 


survey 






do. 


150 


22 of May, 1684 


do. 


250 


25 of Jan. 1683 


do. 


50 


5 of lOber, 1683 



Renters' or Purchasers' names. 


Orders under the 
Hand of the Pro- 
prier's Secretary 
to ye Survey, of 
Newcastle County . 


Quantity 
acres. 


Date of ye 
Warrants. 


Paul Barnes, a Lot in Newcastle . . 


do. 
do. 
do. 

do. 
do. to survey 

do 

do 


600 
100 

150 
300 


25 of June, 1701 

26 of June, 1701 
14 of July, 1701 

21 of June 1701 


Thos. Janvier, several lots in New- 




22 of Aug. 1701 
22 of Aug. 1701 


Ilippolitus Lefevre do. 


do 




22 of Aug. 1701 
15 of July, 1701 




do. aresurvey 
Commrs at Philada. 


500 
A Lot 







198 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



A List of Warrants granted for Surveying and laying out, to 
divers Persons undernamed, the respective Quantities of Land 
to their names annexed, situate Within the County of Kent, on 
Delaware, formerly called Jones' County. Extracted from the 
Original Warrants of Survey, now remaining in my office, at 
Philadelphia, the 23 d day of -April, A. D. 1735. f Senj" Bast- 
burn, Surif Gen 1 of the Province of Pennsylvania and counties 
on Delaware : 



Renters' or Purchasers' Names. 



John Alburtson and John Mumforct 

John Allford 

Nicholas Bartlett ...... 

John Baiker 

William Allin 

Jane Bartlett 

John Bartlett ... 

Samuel Burberry. Nicholas Bartlett 

andjohn Newell 

Joseph Betts & John People . . . . 

John Bepts 

Robert Betts A John King 

Benoni Bishop 

Benoni Bishop 

Henry Bishop 

Henry Bowman . .' 

Henry &Jno. Bowman 

Henry & Jno. Bowman 

Abraham & Win. Bostock 

Peter Bawcomb 

Jno. Brarlshaw 

John Richardson 

John Brinkloe 

John Brinkloe 

John Brooks 

Daniel Brown 

John Burton 

William Clark 

Norton Claypoole 

George Clifford 

Thomas Clifford 

Samuel Cooper 

Stephen Cortland 

John Courtney . . . 

John Croper 

George Cullin 

Alexander Chance 

John Curtis 

John Curtis 

William Darvall 

William Darvall & William Clark . . 

Daniel Demsey 

William Dixon 

William Dorington 

Town of Dover 



Alexander Draper 

John Dunston 

William Emmett 

John Davis and Thomas Flower 

William Frampton 

Albertus Francis 

William Freeman 

William Freeman 

Kdward b'rench 

Edmund Gibbin 

Krancis Gibbin 

KobertGillam 

Patrick Gradv 

J-ipheth Griffin 

Joseph Growdon 



Warrts. granted by. 


Quantity. 


Date of ye 
Warrants. 


Court at St. Jones's 


1,200 


19 of Apr. 1681 


do. 


1,200 


15 of Mar. 1680-1 


do. 


1,000 


21 of 7ber, 1680 


do. 


300 


4 of Feb. 1686 


do. 


500 


29 of May, 1683 


do. 


400 


21 of Mar. 1681 


do. 


000 


29 of Aug. 1683 


('onus, at Philada. 


a resurvev 


8of9ber, 1686 


Court at St. Jones . 


800 


17of8ber, 1684 


do. 


1,000 


1 of Aug. 1684 


do. 


1,200 


3 of Aug. 1683 


do. 


1,000 


20 of lOber, 1681 


do. 


400 


20 of 10ber.l681 


do. 


800 


19 of Feb. 1683-4 


do. 


700 


15of9ber, 1681 


do. 


700 


15of9ber. 1681 


do. 


400 


15of9ber. 1681 


do. 


600 


26 of Aug. 1683 


do. 


1,200 


8 of June, 1683 


do. 


300 


19 of Apr. 1686 


do. 


663 


12 of May. 1683 


do. 


000 


11 of Mar. 1683-4 


do. 


1.200 


20of9ber, 1684 


do. 


1.000 


15 of . . 1680-1 


do. 


300 


24 of Aug. 1683 


do. 


400 


21 of lOber. 1680 


do. 


500 


19 of Aug. 1683 


do. 


1.000 


19 of June, 1683 


do. 


600 


13 of July, 1683 


do. 


300 


31 of Aug. 1683 


do. 


400 


15 of Aug. 1682 


do. 


1,200 


19 Of Apr. 1684 


do. 


600 


22 of Mar. 1683-4 


do. 


800 


8 of Feb. 1683 


do. 


400 


19 of Aug. 1683 


do. 


500 


19 of June. 1683 


do. 


1.200 


7 of May, 1683 


do. 


100 


19 of Feb. 1683 


do. 


1 . 000 


8 of May, 1683 


do. 


1.200 


19 of Feb. 1683 


do. 


600 


14 of June, 1683 


do. 


600 


20 of Aug. 1683 


do. 


600 


4 of May, 1683 


Wjd. Penn. Esqr. , 










11 of Aug. 1683 


Court at St. Jones's 


1,000 


20ofFeb. 1681-2 


do. 


100 


12 of 10ber,1688 


do. 


1,000 


10 of 10ber,1682 


do. 


1.200 


15ofMar.l680-l 


Comrs. at Philada. 


a resurvey 


5 of Jan. 1685 


Court at St. Jones 


200 


13 of Feb. 1683-4 


Comrs. at Philada. 


a settlemt. 


4 of Mar.1682-3 


Court at St. Jones 


600 


19 of Mar.1683-4 


do. 


400 


22 of July, 1683 


do. 


1,000 


24of9ber, 1683 


do. 


1,000 


27 Of Apr. 1684 


do. 


400 


20 of lOber. 1683 


do. 


500 


19 of 7ber, 1683 


do. 


600 


19 of Feb. 1683 


Conns, at Philada. 


a vacancy 


16 of Apr. 1686 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



199 



Renters' or Purchasers' Names.. 


Warrts. granted by. 


Quantity. 

a 


Date of ye 
Warrants. 




Comrs. at Philada. 
Court at St. Jones's 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Comrs. at Philada 
Court at St. Jones 

do. 

do 

Wm. Penn, Esqr. . 

Court at St. Jones's 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Comrs. at Philada. 
Court at St. Jones's 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Comrs. at Philada. 
Court at St. Jones's 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Comrs. at Philada. 


a resurvev 

400 

1,500 

300 

400 

abt. 50 

1,000 

800 

3,000 

3,000 

600 

800 

600 

300 

600 

600 

400 

600 

400 

400 
1,500 
1,000 

400 

600 

600 

300 

400 

200 

200 

400 

600 

600 

400 

'460' 

1,200 

600 

400 


16 of Apr. 1686 




15ofMar.l680-l 


Do. 


19 of Feb. 1683-4 
19of Feb. 1683-4 




16 of July, 1683 
31 of 8ber, 1689 


George Horsford 


19 Of Mar.1683-4 

5 of June. 1683 


John Hillyard. Oliver t Hillyard. 
Thomas, Charles, Mary and Jane 
Hillyard 


16 of Apr. 1684 


John Hillyard, in lieu of a former 
grant to himself & his children . . 


7 of May, 1683 
29 of Feb. 1683-4 


John Hill 


25 of Aug. 1683 




12 of Mar. 1687 




16 of June, 1683 


Do. 


25 of June. 1683 
12 of lOber, 1683 




19 of 7ber.l683 




14ofAp. 1684 




21 of 7ber.l680 
33 of 7ber, 1683 


Francis. Simon & Elizabeth Irons . . 


12 of June, 1683 
21 of June, 1683 




19 of 8ber, 1683 




21ofMar.l682-3 
22 of 7ber. 1686 




3 of June, 1683 


John Manloe 

William Markham 

Christonher Moore 


19 of June, 1684 
31 of Aug. 1683 
29 of 9ber.l690 
11 of Aug. 1683 
25 of Mar. 1684 




24 of Aug. 1683 




11 of June. 1683 


George Martin, a resurvey 


24 of Feb. 1684 
20 of Aug. 1683 


John Alberson and John Munford 


11 of Apr. 1684 

19 of Feb. 1683-4 

20 of June. 1682 


John Newell, a resurvev 

John Newell, a resurvey of another 


1 of 7ber, 1685 
10 of Aug. 1683 


Richard Noble 


Court at St. Jones's 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
' do. 

Wm. Penn at Lewis 
do. at Philada. 

Comrs. at Philada. 
Court at St. Jones's 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. a Grant 

do. 

do. 
do. 


1,000 

500 

500 

400 

600 

800 

200 

275 

600 
1,500 

400 

500 

500 
1,000 

1,000 
8 lots in Do- 
ver town 
resurvey . 
600 
600 
500 
500 
500 
1,200 
1,200 
800 
800 
1,200 
_ 1,200 

1,200 
1.200 


9 of 10ber,1684 
3 of Aug. 1683 




19 of May, 1684 




30 of July, 1683 




12 of 8ber. 1683 




17 of Mar.1683-4 


William Page 


11 of Aug. 1683 
27 Of Aug. 1683 
16 of 7ber. 168.'i 




14 of 8ber.l683 
21 of June. 1681 


John Pemberton . . . .> 

William Penn. Esqr.. Propriety, & 


19 of Jan. 1683-4 
14 of Aug. 1685 
29 of Mar. 1682 

4 of Mav. 168:; 


Do. 


11 of Aug 1683 
16 Of June. 1685 




16 of 8ber,1683 


Do. 


11 of Feb. 1683 4 




19 of Mar.1683-4 


Abraham Potter 

Abraham Potter 


20 of 8ber,1682 
19 of June. 1683 
15 of Mar. 1680 


William Darvall & Wm. Clark . . . 
John Rawlings, after his decease to 
William Clark 


22ofMar.l681-2 
11 of lOber. 1680 
19 of Feb. 1683 
21 of lOber, 1680 




12 of May, 1683 


John Richardson and James Shack- 
ladv 


19 of Mar.1683-4 




12 of June, 1683 



200 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



Renters' or Purchasers' Names. 



John Robeson 

William Rodency 

David Rogers 

Daniel Routte 

Do. 

Robert Palmatary 

Thomas Selvey 

John Sharp 

John Sharp 

John Bradaway & Susannah Shack 

lady 

George Shepherd 

William Sherwood 

William Sherrer 

William Sliowers 

William Sowers 

Thomas Skidmoro 

William Spencer 

Do. 

Henry Stevenson 

Thomas Stretton 

Do. a Resurvey . . . 

William Tribbet 

Cornelius Verhoofe 

Do for a Saw Mill 

John Vickery 

John Walker 

Richard Walker 

Thomas Walker 

Thomas Walker 

Thomas Walker 

Do. 

Henry Johnson and Robert Wash 

Held 

Duke Watson 

Luke Watson, jun 

Richard Whitehart 

Patrick Word 

Alexander Williams 

Thomas Williams 

Richard Williams 

Richard Williams 

Rich aid Wilson 

William Wilson 

William Winsmore, a Resur. . . . 

Hermanus Wiltbani 

Do 

William Winsmore 

Aminadab Wright 

James. Duke of York 

Francis Whitwell 

John Rodeney 

Thomas Heathen! 

Joseph Growdon 

Daniel Heliard 

Thomas Groves 

John Killyard 

Thomas Harris 

John Chant 

John Robinson 

Thomas Williams 

John Mills 

John Brlnkloe & Arthur Maystone 

John Dubrois 

William Brinklow 

Robert French 

Do 

John Keeble 

Whole County of Kent . " 

Evan Jones 

John Jones 



Warrts. granted by. 



Court at St. Jones's 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

do. 
do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Comrs. at Philada. 
Court at St. Jones's 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do 

do. 



do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do 
do. 

do. / 
do. 
Wm. Penn. Prop., 

&c 

Court at St. Jones's 
do. a Warrant 

a Grant 

do. 
do. 
Win. Penn. Esqr. . 
Propr & Governor 
do. 
Comrs. at Philada 
do. 
do. 
Commissioners . . 
do. 
do. 
Proprietary . 
Commissioners 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Quantity. 



400 
500 
600 
400 
400 
500 
1,000 

300 

500 

1,200 
400 
300 
200 
400 
400 
400 

1,000 
■ 000 
600 
500 
500 
300 
600 

1,500 
400 
500 
600 
800 
800 
600 

coo 

1.000 
1.500 
500 
600 
600 
1.200 
200 
600 
600 
400 
300 



1.200 
400 

400 

10, 000 

1,200 

1,200 

300 

a resurvey 

500 

150 

110 

400 

50 

100 

400 

400 

200 

1.000 

200 

a resurvey; 

85 
a resurvey; 

180 
a resurvey 



a vacancy 



Date of ye 
Warrants. 



14 of June. 1683 

24 Of June. 1683 
27 of June, 1684 

14 of Aug. 1683 
19 of 9ber. 1683 
lit of June, 1683 
21 & 22 of Feb. 

1 68! -2 
19 of June. 1683 
30 of Aug. 1683 

21 of lOber, 1680 

11 of July, 1683 
ll&e Mar. 1083-4 
16 of June, 1683 
16 of 9ber,1681 

9 of May, 1683 

25 of Apr. 1684 
12of Feb. 1683-4 
16 of Aug. 1683 

6 of June, 1683 
23 of Apr. 1684 

16 of June, 1688 
3 of June. 1683 
1 of Aug. 1684 

15 of Mar.1680-1 
19 of Mar.1683-4 

17 of June, 1683 
19 of Feb. 1683-4 
21 of June, 1686 

12 of May, 1683 
14 of Aug. 1683 
11 of Feb. 1683 



15 o! Mar. 
10 of 9ber, 
15 o ' June, 
5 of May, 
10 of lOber, 
22ofFeb.lt 

19 of Aug. 
1 of July, 

20 of June, 
19 of July, 
10 of June 



1680 

1683 
1683 
1686 
1683 
81-2 
1683 
1690 
1683 
1683 
1683 



10 of Aug. 1683 
15 of Mar.1680-1 

a Grant 
19 of Apr 1684 
19 of Jan. 1683-4 

29 of May, 1683 

4 of May. 1683 
7 of May, 1683 

23 of lOber, 1693 

30 of June, 1694 
14 of Aug. 1708 
19 of Feb. 1693-4 

5 of May, 1694 
23 of lOber, 1693 
14 of Feb. 1683 

5 of Mav 1694 
28 of Apr. 1694 
24 of Feb. 1693-4 
24 of Feb. 1693-4 
10 of Feb. 1693-4 
28 Of Apr. 1694 
10 of Feb. 1693-4 
22 of Feb. 1702 

23 of Feb. 1702 

10 of Mar. 1701-2 
1 of 10ber,1702 

26 of Mar. 1706 

11 of Mar. 1705 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



201 



Renters- or Purchasers- Names. Wants. granted by. 



John Nicholson . . 

Evan PovveJl 

William Rodency . '. 
Thomas Sharp . . . 
William Wilson . . . 
Joseph Worral .... 
Hugh Durborow . . 

William Coe 

Benjamin Shurmer . 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Samuel Wilson . . . 
Thomas Walker . . . . 
John Berry . 
Robert Webb ..'..' 
Paul Williams ....'. 
William Wilson . . . 
Augustine Vossel . . 

Peter Vossel 

Francis Vossel .....' 
JohnTownsend, jun . 
JohnTownsend . . . 
James Thistlewoorl . . 
John Thompson . . . . 
Cornelius Toby . . 
. . . Thorrald. Widow" 

John Turner 

Nathan Stanbury . 
Richard Sherly ..... 
William Stanton ... 
Weightman Syple . . 
William Simpson . . . 

David Strahan 

Christopher Syple . .' '. 

John Reynolds 

Francis Richardson . '. 
William Parsons . . 
Edward Parnel ....'. 

John Pain 

John Pleasington . '. 
Stephen Parraddee 
Nicholas Nixon . . 
John Newton .....' 
Robert New . . 
MarkManlove .].'."' 
William Morris . 
George Mills ....'.' 
John Macknat . . . 
Samuel Manlove ...,'. 
Thomas Lucas .... 
Henry Lewis ... 
Michael Lober . . 
Patrick Kendal ....'. 
Art. Jansen Vankirk 
Evan Janes . . . 



Griffith Jones . . . 
John Jackson . . . 
Francis Alexander . 
William Annand . . 
William Annand 
William Brinkloe . 
George Booth, jun . 
Joseph Booth . . . 
Moses Brook .... 
Capt. John Brinkloe 



Daniel Brown . 
Capt. John Brinkioe 
Josiah Bradley . . 
Charles Bright . . . 
Abraham Brooks 
John Clark ... 
Robert Blackshaw . 



Commissi oiu' 
do. 
do. 
do 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

Comrs. at Philada 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do- 
do, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

do, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Quantity. 



Date of ye 
Warrants. 



150 
200 
500 
a resur. ;300 

100 
a resur. :200 
200 
200 
500 
600 
250 
250 
3 Tracts 
200 
200 
200 
a resur. ;400 
200 
200 
200 
100 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
100 
50 
a resur. ;500 
00 or 70 
100 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
a resur. ;400 
200 
200 
100 
100 
a resur. ;600 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
200 
a resur. ; a 
long Tract 
200 
200 
200 
100 
100 
an Island 
200 
200 
200 
a resur. ; on 
Mar. 
200 
200 
200 
200 
120 
200 
200 



11 of Mar 170;v 

24 of Aug. lTOii 
20of9ber, 1T01 
22 of Apr. 1702 
15 of June. 1703 

25 of Mar ills 
1 of lOber, 171s 

26of9ber, 17b; 
2fiof Feb 1114-5 
1 of lOber. ITHi 

25 of Feb. 1714-5 
20 of Feb. 1714-5 

26 of Feb. 1714-5 
Oof Feb. 1718-9 

14 of June, 1718 
20 of Aug. 1717 
17 of Jan. 1715-6 
24 of July. 1717 
8 of 7ber. 1716 
12of8ber, 1717 
13of8ber, 1716 

20 of Aug. 1717 
8of7ber, 1716 
6 of Feb. 1717-8 
6 Of Feb. 1717-8 

30of8ber. 1717 

1 of Aug. 1716 

24of7ber, 1713 

4 of July, 1709 

21 of June, 1717 
25 of June. 1714 
11 of Mar. 1717-8 

5 of lOber, 1714 
30of8ber 1717 

1 of 7ber, 1718 
8 of 8ber, 1713 
30of8ber. 1717 
^9 of Aug. 1715 
25of7ber. 1717 
16of9ber, 1716 
1 of Aug. IT It; 

6 of Apr. 1713 
5of8ber, 1714 
4 of Apr. 1707 
Oof Feb. 1717-8 

21 of June, 1716 
30of8ber, 1717 
25 of Mar. 1717 
29 of Aug. 1715 
8of7ber, 1716 
8of8ber, 1717 
10of7ber. 1718 
10 of May, 171S 
14 of June.1718 
29of Aug. 1715 
30of8ber, 1717 
10 of May, 1718 
19 of May, 1715 



Oof Mar. 1717-8 
21 of June. 1716 
Oof Feb.l7I7-S 
6 of Ap. 1713 

11 of Mar. 1705-6 
21 of May, 1718 
19 of June. 1717 
26 of Feb. 1716-7 

5of7ber, 1716 

12 of June.1716 



13 of Jan. 1717-8 
30of7ber, 1718 

14 of June. 1718 
14 of June.1718 
12 of Feb. 1717-8 
10 of Apr. 1718 
28of July, 1710 



302 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



Renters' or Purchasers' Names. 



Warrts. gr anted by. 



Joshua Clayton . . . 

Edward Cock 

John Coe 

John Clayton 

Andrew Caldwell . . 

John Coe 

John Dawson . . . . 
Kandal Donavan . . . 

Lewis Davis 

Thomas England . . 

John Ellet 

Vincent Emerson . . 

JohnKarker 

Edward Frettwell . . 
Matthias Greenwood 
George Green . . . . 
.lames Griffin . . . . 
George Green . . . . 
Thomas Hawkins . . 
Francis Hirons ... 
Stephen Hargrove . . 
Timothv Hanson . . . 

Do. . . . 

Do. . . . 



John & Charles Hillyard 

John Hall 

Simon Hirons 

Timothy Hanson . . . . 

William Jackson 

Andrew Hamilton . . . . 

James Steel 

James Steel 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

DO. 



Comrs. at Philada. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
dc. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. a resnr. 

do. a resur. 

do. a resur 
do.aresurvey 
do. a vacancy 

do. 



Quantity. 



100 
200 
200 
200 
200 
100 
100 
50 
200 
1.000 
200 
100 
200 
resur. ; 500 
a vacancy 
a vacancy 
200 
200 
abt. 100 
100 
200 
a resur. 
2 or 300 
aresurvey 
on several 
a. resur. 
100 
200 
resur. ; 600 

200 

resur. ; 200 

400 

200 

1,020 



Date of ye 
Warrants. 



lti of Mar. 1712-3 
21 of June, 1716 
18ofAp., 1716 

16 of 9ber, 1714 
10of8ber, 1714 

5 of 10ber,1714 
ti of Ap. 1713 

lSolVber. 1716 
20 of Aug, 1715 
4 of June. 1708 
9of-8ber, 1713 
10of8ber, 1714 
8of7ber, 1716 

19 of May, 1715 
10of8ber, 1714 
25of7ber, 1717 

20 of Aug. 1715 
10 of May, 1718 
26 of May, 1714 
24of7ber, 1713 

20 of June, 1716 
19 of May, 1715 

6 of Apr. 1713 
19 of May, 1715 

25of7ber, 1717 
18 of Apr 1716 
3 of 10ber,17l8 

17 of Mar. 1717-8 

21 of June, 1716 
25 of Mar. 1719 
1718 

7 of Apr. 1718 
24 of lOber. 1716 
10 of Apr. 1716 

1718 

10 of lOber, 1718 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



203 



A List of Warrants, &c. County of Sussex,upon Delaware. From 

a Certified Cop. ~§ Cler. Cur.: 



William Wargent . . 

John Grantham . . . 
William Fisher .... 
William Fisher 
Thomas Fisher . . . 
William Clark .... 

John Hill 

Do 

Cornelius Wiltb ink . 
Luke Watson, jun . . 

Do. 
Thomas Groves. &c. 
Michael Chambers . . 
Robert Burton .... 

John Fisher 

James Fisher 

Thomas Fisher . . . 
Jonathan Baily . . . 
Robert Burton .... 
William Dyre .... 
William Fisher . . . 
Nehemiah Field . . . 

John Fisher 

William Futcher . . 

William Clark .... 

Do. .... 

Katherine Haverlow 

Inhabts. of Dewistown 

Whole County .... 
John Stuckberry . . 
James Thomas .... 
Thomas Tilton .... 
John Walthan .... 
Isaac Wiltbank . . . 

Rees Wolf 

Cornelius Wiltbank . 
Thomas Wilson . . . 
William White .... 
Richard Williams . . 
Richard Westly . . . 
John Williams .... 
Joseph Weight .... 

Isaac Watson 

John Walker 

Christopher Topham 
Henry Tuchberry . . 
William Townsend . . 
William Simmons . . 

David Smith 

David Smith 

Hugh Stevenson . . . 
William Shankland . 

David Smith 

John Smith 

William Stewart . . . 
James Seaton .... 
Samuel Steward . . . 

Walter Read 

John Russel 

Thomas Parker . . . 
John Petty John . . . 
John Parsons .... 
Matthew Parker . . . 
Edward Parker . . . 
John Pettyman . . . 
Thomas Painter . . . 
Anderson Parker . . 
Thomas Painter . . . 
Abraham Parsly . . . 
Jenkin Price 



Warrts. granted by 


Quantity 
acres. 


Date of ye 
Warrants. 


Court at Lewis . . 


400 


12 & 13 of Feb. 
1084 


Wm. Penn, Prop. 


300 


14 of July, 1084 


do. 


600 


12 of July, 1701 


do. 


100 


9 Of July, 1700 


do. 


850 


12 of July, 1701 


do. 


50 


1 of Aug 1700 


do. 


500 


1683 


do. 




25of8ber, 1701 


Commrs.atPhilada. 


50 


21 of Ap. 1094 


do. 


100 


14 of July, 1094 


do. 


800 


30 Of June. 1094 


do. 


aresurvev 


23 of lOber, 1091! 


do. 


300 


28 of Apr. 1094 


do. 


not exceed 

100 


1 of Apr. 1694 


do. 


50 


19 of Feb. 1098-4 


do. 


50 


19 of Feb. 1093-4 


do. 


50 


19 of Feb. 1093-4 


do. 


Marsh & 100 


Oof July, 1700 


do. 


400 


29of9ber, 1701 


do. 


2. 100 


20 of 9ber, 1701 


do. 


100 


23 of Feb. 1702 


do. 


a resur. 


20 of May. 1702 


do. 


resur. ; 421 


1 of 10ber,1702 


do. 


resur. ; 900 


4 of 9ber, 1701 


do. 


resur. : 112 


24 of 9ber, 1701 


do. 


marsh 


18 of Apr. 1703 


do. 


resur.. & 






vacancy 


24 of 91>cr. 1702 


do. 


a regulan. 






of Town 


12 of Mar. 1704-5 


do. 


resurvev 


1 of lOber. 1702 


do. 


100 


11 of Mar. 1705 


do. 


100 


Oof Apr. 1702 


do. 


50 


8 of June. 1700 


do. 


100 


11 of Mar. 1705 


GO. 


conven- 
ience 


20 of Feb. 1704 


do. 


200 


31 of Jan. 1700-7 


do. 


100 


III of lOber, 1715 


do. 


200 


19 of Feb. 1714 


do. 


150 


14 of Mar. 1715-0 


(In. 


200 


15 of Julv. 1718 


do. 


abt. 100 


25 of Mar. 1717 


do. 


200 


20 Of Aug. 1717 


do. 


200 


10. pf lOber 1718 


do. 


200 


31 of Mar. 1718 


do. 


200 


10 of Feb. 1718 


do. 


200 


29 of 7ber, 1718 


do. 


200 


10 of Feb. 1714 


do. 


200 


10of8ber, 1715 


do. 


200 


29 Of Aug. 1715 


do. 


200 


9 of 7ber, 1715 


do. 


200 


20of7ber, 1710 


do. 


200 


25of9ber, 1717 


do. 


an Islind 


27 of May. 1717 


do. 


200 


8 of 10ber,1718 


do. 


200 


11 of Mar. 1717 


do. 


200 


15 of June. 1718 


do. 


200 


20 of Aug. 1715 


do. 


200 


15 of Mar. 1714 


do. 


200 


15 of Mar. 1714 


do. 


resur. 


19 of Feb. 1714 


do. 


200 


20of7ber, 1710 


do. 


200 


20of9ber, 1710 


do. 


200 


27 of May, 1717 


do. 


200 


20of Aug. 1717 


do. 


a resur. .&c. 


10 Of Aug. 1715 


do. 


200 


30of9ber, 1715 


do. 


200 


lOofHber. 1715 


do. 


150 


24of8ber, 1715 


do. 


200 


10of8ber. 1715 


do. 


200 


11 of Mar. 1717-8 


do 


200 


1 of 7ber. 1718 



204 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



Renters' or Purchasers' Names. 



James Petty John 

Anderson Parker 

Robert Prettyman 

John Ponder 

Francis Pope 

Richard Painter 

John Ponder 

Robert Prettyman 

Thomas Prettyman 

John Prettyman 

John Nutter 

Gilbert Mariner 

Jacob Burton 

Henry Lloyd 

John Murphy 

John Morris 

Nicholas Macklander 

Thomas Mariner & John Marsh 

Alexander Molleston 

John Loflands 

Robert Jenkins 

Robert Lodge 

Thomas Geer 

David & Thomas Gray 

John Futcher 

William Fisher 

Do. 

Robert Roads 

Thomas Davock 

William Dyre 

William Darter 

Timothy Donovan 

Robert Davis 

Joseph Dodd 

Thomas Davock 

James Drake 

Henry Draper 

Alexander Draper 

William Darter 

Samuel Davis 

Richard Dobion 

William Copes 

John Crue 

John Carey 

John Carey 

Jacob Collock 

Edward Craige 

Arabella Crew 

Jacob Collock 

Francis Cornwell 

Thomas Carlile 

Jonathan Baily 

Robert Betts 

Jonathan Bailey 

Robert Burton 

Timothy Blizard 

John Binnet 

George Bishop 

Elizabeth Bagwell 

William Arey 



Warrts. granted by 


Quantity 
acres. 


Date of ye 
Warrants. 


Commrs. at Philada. 


200 


10 of July, 


1718 


do. 


150 


15 of 7ber, 


1718 


do. 


200 


30 of 7ber. 


1718 


do. 


not ex- 
ceedg. 200 


20 of June, 


1718 


do. 


200 


30 of Tber, 


ITI8 


do. 


a resur.,&c. 


19 of Apr. 


171T 


do. 


200 


13 of Jan. 


1717 


do. 


a resur. & 
addn. 


2? of May, 


1717 


do. 


200 


27 Of Mav, 


1717 


do. 


an Island 


27 ol Mav, 


1717 


do. 


a resur. ; 

1,000 


10 of May, 


1718 


do. 


200 


21 of Feb. 


1714 


do. 


200 


28 of June 


1715 


do. 


1,000 


2 nf liber. 


1717 


do. 


200 


15 of Tber. 


1718 


do. 


200 


13 of Mar. 


1717 


do. 


200 


1 of Tber, 


1718 


do. 


a resur. ;(>00 


18 of 9ber, 


1718 


do. 


two Island 


24 of 8ber, 


1715 


do. 


200 


30 of May, 


1715 


do. 


200 


20 of Tber, 


1710 


do. 


200 


8 of lOber 


1718 


do. 


about 300 


5 of lOber 


1714 


do. 


a resur. & 
addn. 


14 of 8ber. 


1715 


do. 


a resur. & 
addn. 


It! of Feb. 1 


"14-5 


do. 


50 


15of Mar. 1 


714-5 


do. 


150 


15 of Mar. 1 


714-5 


do. 


a res. ; 580 


Oof Tber 


17011 


do. 


200 


of liber. 


1714 


do. 


200 


13ofMar. 1 


717-8 


do. 


200 


10 of July, 


1718 


do. 


200 


11 of Mar. 1 


717-8 


do. 


200 


13 of Mar. 1 


717-8 


do. 


200 


20 of Tber, 


1710 


do. 


200 


15 of Mar. 1 


714-5 


do. 


a res. ; 300 


10 of lOber 


1715 


do. 


a res. & 
addn. 


10 of June 


1717 


do. 


aresurvey 


10 of June 


1717 


do. 


200 


5 of liber. 


1714 


do. 


abt. 30 or 40 


10 of Tber, 


1714 


do. 


200 


Hof 8ber, 


1715 


do. 


100 


4 of Julv. 


1709 


do. 


a resurvey 


12 of June 


1707 


do. 


200 


20 of 9ber, 


1710 


do. 


200 


14 of 8ber. 


1715 


do. 


a resur. 


10 of lOber 


1714 


do. 


200 


10 of lOber 


1715 


do. 


a resur. 


l(i of Feb. 


1714 


do. 


a resur. 


10 of June, 


1714 


do. 


a resurvey 


13 of Jan. 


1717 


do. 


200 


13 of Jan. 


1717 


do. 


a resurvey 


10 of June 


1714 


do. 


200 


20 of Mav. 


1717 


do. 


an Island 


20 of June 


1710 


do. 


a resurvey 


IT of Mar. 


1715 


do. 


200 


8 of lOber 


1715 


do. 


200 


10 of Tber, 


1715 


do. 


200 


30 of Tber, 


1715 


do. 


a resurvey 


14 of 8ber, 


1715 


do. 


200 


13 of Mar. 


171b 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 205 

JAMES LOGAN TO THE PROPRIETARIES. 

Stentox, 29 th of Oct'", '35. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

I am exceedingly troubled at what thy Letf informs me of 
the manner of settling the Governm' on the Lieut''" Decease, 
for if I am the person had in view, I know it on many acco ls to 
l>e wrong, but I hope Providence will be so kind to us all that 
there may be no room for any other uneasiness than that of 
fear. 

I must earnestly desire to be excused from attending to- 
morrow, tho I ought first, as I now doe, to have thank 'd thee 
for thy kind Invitation; but I have ever avoided such enter- 
tainm'% and much more since I have been confined to my pre- 
sent way of walking. I am, w th respects, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOOAN. 



SECRETARY LOOAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton Jan" — , 1730. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Five of the Council, besides myself, met last night, and all 
but. one were of opinion that Possession should be kept on the 
other side of Sasq. , if practicable at any rate, but thought no 
method for it could be concluded on without thy concurrence, 
& therefore referr'd thy further consideration of it till to-day, 
upon which I told them, on the expectation thou hast gi en 
iii^. that thou would call on me that evening, and thereupon 
desired they would not fail up thither ; but as the weather is. & 
my condition considered, I scarce think thou wouldst approve 
of it. Yet the Messenger is in haste, & something should be 
concluded. I shall not be wanting in what may be reasonably 
expected from me. Who am, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOOAN. 



206 PAPERS RELATING TO 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stentox, 22 d of feb r » ', '3f. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Thy visit to us last 7 th day was so exceeding Kind, that I can- 
not sufficiently blame myself for not having more properly ac- 
knowledged it ; but the acco 1 1 had at the same time, of our 
affairs on Sasquehannah, not only then laid me, but lias ever 
since kept me, under no small confusion of thought, and I long 
to be in town, tho' I know not to what manner of purpose. I 
doubt to none, for I see no prospect at present of any thing 
but anxiety & trouble, unless we have some timely relief from 
the other side. I intended this morning to try to come some 
time to-day, but our neighbor Jn" Neagly calling in, tells nie 
the Roads are now worse, he finds, for Carriages than they 
have been at any time hitherto. 

The Children are in a very hopeful way, & as the pock seems 
to be turning without any fever attending, from whence the 
principal danger used to arise, My spouse I hope will be easie 
enough under my absence. Therefore, if the weather holds, I 
propose to try for y e town to-morrow afternoon. She & I joyn 
in our thanks for this message, & with both our sincere re- 
spects, I am, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 17 Mar., [1736, ] just 6 P. 21. 

May it please the Proprietor: 

I would willingly come to town, were it even to-night, to 
doe you any service, but my wife, going yesterday to y e meet- 
ing there in our Chaise, is not yet returned ; and tho' I ex- 
pect her to-night, I cannot, because of >° weather, be fully as- 
sured of her coming. The Assembly, I know, is to meet to- 
night, yet becaase of our friends meeting to-morrow in the 
forenoon, 'tis much if they adjourn not to y e afternoon. 'Tis 
probable, however, they will stay together this week out, & if 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 207 

they doe, I question whether it would be proper to send them 
anything of this kind before the 5 lh day. If they stay as I have 
mentioned, it is to be depended on, w ch may be known without 
much difficulty. Some time to-morrow I fully propose to be 
with you. In the mean time you may get a Draught of v 
Paper or Letter done, and tho' I earnestly desire to be excused 
from being the Draughtsman, I shall very readily give you my 
opinion of it. I have look'd over the Att. Gen 1 ' 3 opinion, w ,h 
I admire I never heard of before ; as I also doe, that it was not 
clearly enough shewn in y e Case that y e Reservation is in Engi 
money, tho' I think if he had duly adverted to it he might 
have seen it. However, as it is, it may, if rightly managed, 
be of great service to you in the house. This is what at present 
occurs from 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

Pray by no means send any Conveyance or Carriage for me, 
for I shall not use any but my own, w ch I know will be here 
time enough. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stentox, 19 th of Mar., 1730. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

I intended myself to be in town before this can come to thy 
hand; but on coming hither, I found my wife so much disor- 
dered by the fatigue she has given herself, in Sitting up all last 
night, and other labours, no way suiting her present constitu- 
tion, that I could do no less than stay and oblige her for one 
night to take more care of her self, and especially this, since 
it is like to be that valuable negro's last, and this stay, I think, 
may be the easier dispensed with. Seeing we can have no 
Council before 2 d day morning; and if my health, which I find 
just now a little threatened, will permit it, I design to be there 
so early in the morning as to have most of the day before me 
to dispatch any thing in my power against the .next. In the 
mean time, request thee to put the matter with thy own hand, 
into the. best order and method thou thinks it will bear, for 
nothing will more effectually conduce to expedite it afterw" 3 . 
In the mean time, I am, with due respect. 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

I design to call on thee first, when I come to town. 



208 PAPERS RELATING TO 

JAMES LOGAN TO THE PROPRIETARIES. 

Stenton, 28 ,h of Apr., '36. 
May it please the Proprietors: 

Tho I cannot very well justify the Prudence of this, on my 
own part, yet I am willing to venture my sentim 13 once more in 
relation to yo r Quittr ,s at this juncture, that gives you an op- 
port IY , w ct ', if slipt, may not easily be recover 1 again, for now is 
y e mo"' for receiving them ; and now the Assembly in y 1 ' same 
month, is about sitting, and tis plain, the longer the matter is 
delay'd, the refractory may be y e more confirm'd, in their ob- 
stinacy & y e difficulty may increase. I shall, therefore, com- 
municate a further thought, I have very lately had on the sub- 
ject, w ch is to prepare & send to y e speaker, while sitting in y° 
house, a Lett r , somewhat to this Purpose : That, as you have 
resolv'd to y e utmost of yo r power, consistently with common 
Justice, in all things to imitate the example your fath. had set 
before you, in his affection to y e Inhabt' 9 of this Colony, You 
thought you had given them a most remarkable Proof ofyo^ 
tenderness to them; when notwithstanding, the assurances 
given you by Lett rs from hence, in 1729, that the House of As- 
sembly in framing y e Act for emitting 30,000 that year, had de- 
clared it was not in y e least intended or understood by them 
that your Quittr ts should be any way affected by it; yet con- 
sidering that y e greater part of all the Land holders in the 
Province had by y e unsettled condition of your affairs, run 
deeply into arrears, Instead of insisting on any allowance for 
yo r being so long kept out'of your due, or so much as on y full 
value of y e Coin payable to you, you agreed to take consider- 
ably less, that is, for 20 pence, w ch is at p'sent y e nearest value 
of an Engl. Shilling, you ordered yo r Receiver to accept of 18 rt ; 
and yet to yo r very great Concern, you have found for this year 
past, that considerable numbers of the people have been so far 
from making those grateful Returns for your Condescension & 
easiness, w ch might have been expected, that they have pre- 
tended a Right by y e Law, to discharge such a shilling with 
sixteen pence only, tho' not one of them who makes but the 
least pretence to common Honesty, not to say Modesty, would 
not accept of any such Pay in their Case, &c. Now, as no rea- 
sonable man can expect that you will suffer so flagrant an abuse, 
no less unjust in itself, than undeserv'd on yo r part to be put 
upon you, the Consequence of w c \ should this Province prove 
in some years as unfortunate in their Curr )T , as at least 3 others 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 309 

on tins Contin' have done, w' h , in these 20 years or less, would 
reduce those Rents w cl ' were originally reserv'd tow rts the sup- 
port of yo r family here, to be so very low a value that they 
would scarce be worth collecting. But, as even the most re- 
fractory cannot be sanguine enough to hope or expect this, & 
as you are under a necessity, unless some more just & dutiful 
measures be resolv'd on. to take others for obtaining yo r Right, 
& putting it for y e future, out of y e Power cf such people to dis- 
pute it, you are, to your very great Concern, very sensible this 
will in y c Issue rebound much to y c DishoiT of the whole Pro., 
& effect its reputation, w' 1 has hitherto been well supported ; 
and further, as you conceive y e Hon r of the House is engaged 
in Hon' to make good their Declarations of y e former assem- 
blies, whose obligations are by succession still continued & un- 
interruptedly remain, you conceive it incumbent on you first 
to propose it to their Consideration, &c. 

Thus, I have, in a very broken manner, given you y e thought, 
for I resolv'd to avoid putting it into any proper rest, which 
you will best doe there, and shall only add, that if you have 
any such friend in y e house as would, upon reading your Let' 
there, observe that he had seen a Paper on that subject, w' h 
lie thought would be very proper to be considered by y e House, 
& then pretend to send out for a Copy of that formerly drawn, 
I say, if all this were done, I cannot well see how y e House could 
decline entering into y e Consider" of y e matter, tho' I own not 
so advantageously as if a Petition were brought into y e House 

ag st the This, however you may consider, and tho' 

it would be very well to know the speaker's sentim ,s of it be- 
fore hand, by some small distant mention of the thing, from 
a 3 d person, who might sound him in it, yet I believe it would be 
much better & more for yo r service, if he should appear a little 
surprised on y e Rec' of it, & be able to protest to y e house, that 
he knew nothing at all of it. I wish I could name any to you 
to be advis'd with. I. Nor. I judge would exceedingly desire 
to be ignor' of it ; whether CI. Plumstead can at p'sent serve 
you in it, I know not, you should however, be able to lind y e 
pulse of y e house by some members of it. Thus I have given 
you such a scribble as you have seldom seen from me. You 
may be sure I have no Copy of it, & theref. , when read, I shall 
desire it again. But if you think it deserves it, you will con- 
sider it in time and not lose the present opport'\ than which 
you may scarce have a better. I am, with respect, 
Your faithful friend, 

J. LOCAN. 

14-Vol. VII. 



210 PAPERS RELATING TO 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PKNN. 

Stenton, 28 th oj Apr., '36. 
May it please the Proprief: 

1 doubt not but thy delaying to send the Draught for C. Ogle 
may, as it does to my self, give thee some uneasiness. But y' 
more I consider the subject, the greater difficulty 1 find in it, for 
his Proposal is most Insidious, and tho I think he can scarce be 
too plainly dealt w"', yet it ought to be very thoroughly con- 
sidered. But upon the whole I cannot determine with myself 
whether some further delay may be most .advisable that we may 
know how affairs stand at home, for then one may write on a 
surer foot, or whether as I thought at first, there should be no 
time lost in shewing yo r readiness to enter into any amicable 
Treaty, lest he should send home an acco 1 of his Proposal & y r 
silence. But tis certain if an answer be sent before the arrival 
of the Shipping, w' 1 ', after so stormy a season, must yet be doubt- 
ful, it had been much more proper (i or 7 weeks ago. I had done 
one whole sheet on a 2 d draught, & if it were not that some 
Company had appointed To be here to day, I would come to 
town, & I think shall some other this week ; but if y e Post is to 
set again to morrow for Mary L' 1 the Ltt r , tho it should be 
thought proper cannot this be sent by him. 
I am, w' h respect. 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES GORRELL TO JAMES STEEL. 

Kent Sup r , Delaware, Near Dover, 
June y" 29 th , 1736. 

S r : After all due Respects hereby to y° presented, these Lines 
comes to acquaint y° that Daniel Needham has been acquainted 
about his Giveing a Relace of his Right of the old Warrent 
Granted to his Father, and he was then Going for Philadelphia, 
and he then promised to speak to the Proprietors and yo" that 
the warrent might Be Renewed to me by virtue of Ralph's to 
me, for the consideration that I have paid Him; and since 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 211 

Daniel's Returne he says he base, and that there was a minute 
made by y° to that porpous, which, if he Hase, I Hoop there 
is no other stop. By what yo e were Pleased to tell me, Hon. 
S r , I request thee favor of y° to Geet a New Warrent for the 
same percill of Land contained In the old one, with any more 
that may Joyn to it, Being Vaekent. But 1 Leve the whole 
ordering of that to y°. I hoop it will be lore the Beest. Pray, 
S r , send me the coursesof the old patton, Because we shall want 
them if the warrent is New Layed,and I think to Buy 200 ackers 
on the southwest side of the Track, if it be within the meets 
& Bounds of the paton. I have Inclosed Ralph Needham's 
Relace & the old warrent, with one Pistole in Gold to Defray 
the Present expence. What more y° think is wanting Leet me 
know, & I shall make sattiesfection. The Bearer's name is 
Philip Box, who will call againe. Before he come from y" Hand 
with what Deriction y° think fit about the whole, which will 
oblige, S r , yo e Hum* Serv 1 , 

JAMES GORRELL. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

STENTON, 31 st July, '36. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Two Indians are come hither since five this afternoon, one of 
them called Cap" Toolema, from Shamokin, who say there are 
4 Mingo Chiefs, two of them Mohocks, with Allummapis, Lap- 
pawinsse, and thirty more men, besides a great number of 
women, to be here to-morrow morning ; that they have a large 
Present, & that they are to sell land. The Cap' appears to be 
•a sober man, (take him out of drink,) and his story appears nol 
improbable. A suitable Provision, therefore, ought to be made 
for them there immediately, for we are at present but very 
poorly provided for such numbers. I thought it necessary to 
advise of this to-night, and, therefore, send on purpose. 

Thy faithful fr d . 

J. LOGAN. 



212 PAPERS RELATING TO 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 5 th of July, '36. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

It has given* ine a great deal of uneasiness that I should tell 
thee last 3 rt day I designed to be in town the next, and yet 
never have been there since. What led me to propose that 
time to my self, for I had resolved on it before thy coming 
hither, was, that I had been informed two dayes before the 
S' George would sail for Lond" by the end of the week, but next 
day we had Company here, which prevented my going, from 
some of whom I learned that ship would be in no such readi- 
ness, and oar reaping coming on the day following, I deferr'd 
my going but not without the uneasiness I have mentioned, 
and now, unless the weather or something extraordinary 
prevent, I hope to be there to-morrow. 

My family are in pretty good health, tho' much afflicted with 
a Cold that seems to have been epidemical. I Joyn with my 
wife in returning our hearty thanks for thy kind present of 
artichokes, and am 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 



Stknton, [ August, 1736,] 
May it please the Propriety: 

I am extremely troubled at the melancholy acco' thine gives 
me of the Govern" present state. It affects me much, but we 
must submit to what is unavoidable, as 1 also must, but with 
great reluctancy, to thy Call, which I shall, however, endeav- 
our to attend in time, as the Law directs. I am. 

Thy faithful friend. 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 213 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS FENN. 

Stbnton, 4 ,h 7 hr , '36. 
May it please the ProprieF: 

The inclosed fully speaks its business in relation to the In- 
dians, and also in behalf of the Bearer. This acco' seems now 
to be depended on, and therefore, Goods will undoubtedly be 
wanted p'haps J. Ruhni d , or Rees Meredith or others in Boo- 
mage may have brought in some*. It might be well I believe 
if the Bearer were dispatched back in all haste to Conrad, with 
directions to him to repair forthwith to Shamokin, and there 
attend those people, carefully watching lest any apply to 
them on the affair we heard E. Cartridge had some hand in. 
The same thought also should be had of him at Conestoga, 
who is a traytor to us. 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 
*E. Shippen, if returned, may take care of this. 



JOHN WRIGHT TO THE PROVINCIAL COUNCI1 

Titksday, Sept r the 7 th , 1736. 
May it please, the President and Council: 

After our Sheriff and People had waited some time in expecta- 
tion of the Marylanders arrival, & were mostly Dispersed, on 
Saturday night last, the Sheriff of Baltimore and the greater 
part of their Military officers, with upwards of two Hundred 
Men, arrived at Cressap's, and about noon on Saturday, came 
in Arms, on horseback, with Beat of Drum and sound of 
Trumpet, to Hendricks, their Sheriff, and several other Gentle- 
men, that afternoon, at different times, came to John Wright, 
Jun. , Avhere about thirty of our People were Lodged, to De- 
mand the Dutch who were some of them in his house. Our 
sheriff sent them a written message, desireing to know the 
Reason of their coming in that Hostile manner, to threaten the 
peace of our Province, They Dated their answer from John 
Hendricks, in Baltimore County. However, Justice Guest, 
one of their Company, appointed ten o'clock the next day to 



214 PAPERS RELATING TO 

speak with some of our People ; but about five that evening, 
they left Hendricks with great Precipitation, and went to 
Cressap's. Yesterday our Sheriff sent a written message that 
he had orders to Command them peacably to Depart ; But if 
any of their Company would meet the Magistrates, and some 
other Persons of our County, who were with him, and endeav- 
our amicably to settle those unhappy Differences at present 
subsisting in these parts, they sho' d receive no Insults or 111 
usage. To which their sheriff return'd a Insolent and threat- 
ning answer in writing, & much more by word of mouth. Soon 
after John Wilkins, one of our Company, unknown to the rest, 
went down to Cressap's, whom they took prisoner, upon pre- 
tence of his having been in a former Riot, & sent under a Guard 
towards Maryland. Our Magistrates sent them a Letter, to 
desire Wilkins might be suffered to return home, which they 
refused to receive. Tissaid a messenger is sent down to their 
Governor, who is still waiting in Baltimore County, and is ex- 
pected up this day w ,h considerable more force. 

Our Sheriff with about a hundred and fifty people, have been, 
since Sunday evening, at John Wright's, Jun. No hostility's 
have as yet been Committed, except the taking of Wilkins ; But 
they have sent our People word this day to take care of their 
Buffs. Had we arms & ammunition, of which we are almost 
Destitute, we Judge, from the Disposition of our People, that 
we mi<jht come of with Honour; But for want of them, they 
think it not safe to wait upon such a number of armed men to 
the limits of our promise; But to endeavor to Defend such of 
his Majesties peaceable subjects, as are fled from their own 
Houses, and come to them for Refuge. Sam 1 Blunston came 
home from the other side the River in the night, last night, 
and Immediately return'd He desired this account might be 
sent to you ; which for the want of a better Hand to do it, I 
have very faithfully performed. 

And am, with the 

Greatest Respect, 

Your Friend. 

J. WRIGHT. 

Enclosed is the Petition of the Dutch Inhabitants on the 
west of Sasquehannah River. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 215 



PETITION OF THE INHABITANTS WEST OF THE 
SUSQUEHANNA. 

To the Honourable James Logan, Esq'', President, and the Coun- 
cil of the Province of Penusylcania: 

The Petition of most of the Inhabitants on the west side of the 
Sasquehanna River, opposite to Hempfield, in the County of 
Lancaster, Humbly Sheweth, that your petitioners, two or three 
years past, (Being many of us newly arrived in America,) and 
altogether strangers to the Boundaries of the two Provinces 
of Pennsylvania & Maryland, were, by many pla usable preten- 
ces and fair promises, persuaded to settle under the Govern- 
ment of the latter, supposing, from what we were then told, 
that these lands were within that Province, And that the River 
Sasquehanna was the Division. But after we were seated, 
finding the usage we received was very different from that to 
the rest of the Government, and what small substance we had, 
was made a pray to some persons impowered by them. And 
th° we often made known our cause of complaint, could have 
no redress, nor the promises, which had been first made us, in 
the least Regarded. Being also lately told by some in power 
there that we were worse than Negroes, for that we had no 
Master, nor were under the protection of any Laws, and since 
informed by them, that the River Sasquehanna, could not be 
the bounds, as we had been at first told, but that an East and 
West Line would Divide the Provinces. And also, observing 
that the People on the East side of said River, Inhabitants of 
Pennsylvania, who live much more to the Southward than we 
Do, Enjoyed their possessions peaceably, without any Disturb- 
ance or claim from the Province of Maryland. We, from these 
reasons. Concluded we had been imposed upon and Deluded, to 
answer some purposes of the Government of Maryland, which 
are not justifiable, and might, in the end, tend to our Ruin; 
and that we were not settled within the true and Real bounds 
of that Province, as we had been made to believe. And from 
a sense thereof, and of the wrong we were doing to the Proprie- 
tors of Pennsylvania, in Living on their Lands, (as we now 
conceive we are,) without paying the acknowledgements due 
to them for the same, and in denying Obedience to the Laws 
of your Government, Unanimously Resolved to Return to our 
Duty. Your Humble Petitioners, therefore, pray you would 
Impute our late Errors to our want of better Information, And 
would be pleased to Receive us under the Protection of your 
Laws and Government. To which for the future we promise 



216 PAPERS RELATING TO 

all faithful obedience and submission and in Granting this our 
humble Petition your petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray for your Health and Prosperity. Signed with our own 
hands and Dated the thirteenth day of August, one thousand 
seven hundred and thirty-six. 

The Original of this, was signed by 47 Persons. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

18 ,h 7"\ 1736. 
May it plea.se y r Prop r : 

The affair of Maryl 1 , w ch has taken up our thoughts, being 
for y' present dispatch'd, that of the Indians will next require 
them, and particularly, the managem 1 of him at Conestogo, 
w"' I take to be of importance, since tis very probable the 
others may send for him for information, and as we know his 
Malice & Treachery & that he can speak to them without an 
Interpreter, unless some precaution be used, he may be mis- 
chievous. I began this morning to write a Lett r to Lancaster 
on the Subject, to be sent by a hand that is to go in an hour 
or two, but found the method was but very little to be de- 
pended on, and it might prove much more effectual to have P. 
D. go up, yet I thought this should be concluded before the 
oppor ,v of sending were lost. My Chaise is out of town. Other- 
wise I would have come up my self to thee. I doubt my son 
mistook the message. 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO THE PROPRIETOR. 

Stknton, 20 th . 7 hr , 1736— at noon. 
If the Proprietor please to take notice of Ja. Anderson, Min- 
ist T of Donegal, & hold some conversation with him, it may 
p'haps be seasonable at this time when those people ought by 
all means to be animated to vigorous resolutions. He just 
called on me when I was much engaged, & I expected to see 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 217 

him again, but could not. I suppose he goes not out of town 
till to morrow morning, & that he then will w"'out fail, if not 
otherwise hindred. 

E. Shippen accidently calling here. I thought the hint might 
be of some importance. 

Thy faithful fr\ 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

. Stknton, 18 th o/'i) l,r , '36. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Conrad Weiser calling in here, I take the opportunity by 
him to say that tho' I cannot but admire the kind Providence 
that has directed the last design of the Marylanders, yet 1 
cannot be satisfied in my own thoughts as yet, at least, that 
the taking of Mundy, with the Papers & Lettrs, must prove a 
total dissapointm 1 to them, for I think there is room to suspect 
their yet associating together, especially that family of the 
Charletous of whom so many were engaged. J. Steel told me 
A. Ham. resolved to hasten up from Newc. with all the speed 
he could, but he cannot leave his business when in it ; and till 
he comes, I believe it would be well that some person or per- 
sons were immediately employed in the lower parts of Chester 
County, to learn with certainty whether those associated per- 
sons are on any farther measures. Perhaps indeed, they may 
on this blow wait till they can hear from Annapolis, but if they 
are men of spirit, as I fancy the family I named are, it would 
not be strange if they should resolve to proceed without Mun- 
day, especially since it appears by a hint I saw in one of his Let- 
ters that there was a kind of party against him. I send this to 
Ja. Steel, to wait upon thee with it, and I hope what is offered 
will have its weight & that no time will be lost in any ease 
where a seasonable application may prevent further Mischief. 
I am, with all due respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



218 PAPERS RELATING TO 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 26 th 9 her , 1736— near noon. 
J. Steel just now telling me the Proprietor intends for Pens- 
bury, immediately after dinner, from thence, I conclude 1 am 
not to see thee any more before my return home ; but there 
are some things that appear to me of importance, that I am 
persuaded, require some further application without delay, w ,h 
will wholly depend on thy self to oi'der, and I could wish for 
an opportunity at least to mention them. The Ship for Lond. 
I believe cannot go next week, unless drove out at any rate, 
for fear of the Ice. 

Thv faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

PHILAD a , 27 th Noif, '36. 
Mai) it please the Prop T : 

The inclosed Paquet was brought by Jno. Ross about 2 hours 
since, & in an hour after Cressap, with '3 of his assist' 3 , were 
brought in Irons by y e Sherif of Lancasf, w th about a doz. at- 
tend' 8 , & are now safely committed. Scot, who was in all the 
action, & was principal undertaker, speaks very doubtfully of 
the means by w ch their man came to his death. The Bearer 
waiting, I refer to y c writing, & am, 

Thv faithful fr d , 

J. LOGAN. 

Gj h p. m. , y e Council Sitting. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stkntox, 28 th Dec br , Evening, 1736. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

It is to no purpose here to make observations on those Lett™ 
from Lancaster, further than that as Sam'l desires they require 
the ord rs or directions that are to be sent to be dispatched, for 
which end I purpose to be in town to-morrow, between 10 and 11 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 219 

at farthest, and I now desire the Bearer to direct R. Charles to 
have the Council summoned against that hour. In the mean 
time, it may be proper to communicate the Letters, or at least 
the last to me, to A. Hamilton, for which purpose, or any 
other, I here return them all. 1 shall only add that, in my 
opinion, a warr' should be prepared as soon as possible, from 
one of the Judges to the Sherif of Lancaster, to go with the 
Posse, if necessary, to take Higgenbothom & his Company as 
Rioters, and that I am, with respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

I design, as I go into town, to call at thy house for the Let- 
ters, & c . 



JAMES LOGAN TO SAMUEL SMITH. 

Philad 11 , 26 th of Jan r *, 17:!:. 

Friend Sam 1 Smith: Two of our Members of Council, with 
some others of note, coming up thither to visit you, to inquire 
•into the Disturbances given our Inhabitants by those villains 
on the other side, and to advise upon the most proper measures 
to be taken with them, there will be delivered to thee another 
Provincial Warr 1 against them. And to assist thee in the ex- 
ecution, there comes also a very able hand Solomon Jennings, 
whose Courage and Conduct are to be relied on, and on that 
Consideration he has been sent for from a great distance, nor 
will he, I believe, disappoint any reasonable expectations that 
have been conceived of him. As to your measures, I need say 
but very little here, because they may be concerted to much 
better purpose there. Tis proposed that he should lodge him 
self, with a sufficient number of good hands, to be engaged for 
the purpose, on the other side, but it is greatly our desire that 
care be taken, as far as possible, to avoid the loss of Lives, 
tho", if our people be attacked, they must, in their own de- 
fence, act as in that case becomes them as men, and not suffer 
themselves to be taken. Yet, on the other hand, if they can, by 
any means before hand, be informed, they are likely to be out- 
numbered, and cannot stand it without manifest danger of de- 
struction. Prudence will direct to quit the spot, for it is no more 
than the greatest Generals have been obliged to, and you should 
always remember that this is no war between declared Ene- 



220 PAPERS RELATING TO 

mies, but arises from the abuses of subjects ag st subjects, ail 
under the same Head, and who are all equally answerable to 
the same superiour authority. The authority that Sol. Jenn. 
is to have must be a Deputation from thee, which is sent, ready 
drawn, to be signed & sealed by thee. And now, as your meas- 
ures will be concerted there with the Gentlemen that go up, 
i need add nothing further but that, I hope, our Countrey 
people will exert their zeal, & shew themselves constantly the 
same, and that I am, with hearty wishes for all your welfare, 

Thy real ifriend. 

J. LOGAN. 



E1)MD. ANDREWS TO JAMES LOGAN. 

Bristol, February 5, 17o7. 

Respected Frd. , JAMBS LOGAN : In May, thy Brother, Doc- 
tor Logan, at my request, wrote thee in favour of the Widdow 
Ewens & her Family, who had an affair depending in your 
country, & the case thereof was also then sent thee, referring 
the whole to thine & thy Cousin, Israel Pemberton's, conduct, 
since which have receiv'd no answer by the two ships lately 
ariiv'd Here, which makes me suspect that there is too much 
difficulty in the case to have it soon settled. As soon as cans' t 
inform thy self of this affair, which, I hope, will be by the re- 
turn of the next ship, it will greatly oblidge me if wilt render 
Me an account thereof. The long Intimacy between thy self and 
Our Family, and the knowledge I have of thy ready disposition 
to Humane & Generous actions, encourag'd me to apply to 
thee in favour of this poor unfortunate Widdow, whose carrecter 
is valuable, & whose circumstances wants redress. 

My Father intends to write thee, either by this ship or the 

next opportunity. I am, with Respects to thyself & Family, 

Thy Real Frd. , 

ED. ANDREWS. 



SECRETARY LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Feb*' 11'*, at noon, 1737. 
May it please y e Pioprief: 

I had some thoughts yesterday of coming to town to-day, in 
expectation of the inclosed w ch just now come to my hand, but 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 221 

as there is nothing in that requires my immediate attendance, 
this being the last of the week, and the weather & roads dis- 
couraging, I would choose to stay for better, or till a more 
urgent occasion calls. 

1 know nothing of the Commission mentioned in the Lett r , 
nor can I remember that there was any occasion for it here since 
Gookin's administration, yet there might have been one without 
my knowledge, and, if so, it was since thy arrival. I remember 
we had such a Commission from N'york in GrOV r Gordon's time, 
& suppose it was had from Ciov r Montgomery, but am p'suaded 
it was carefully returned again. Please to speak to R. Charle > 
about it, for he must know, and if the Post should return be 
lore I come to town I desire he(R. Cha s )may have the inclosed, 
and, excusing my absence, answer that part of it in my behalf, 
for it doubtless requires dispatch, and it is not worth my while 
to come on purpose to inquire into what intirely depends on 
the knowledge of others. 

But if there will be occasion to send up to y e 6 nations from 
hence, w ch is wholly submitted to thy own Judgem', Conrad 
must immediately be sent for, and that must also be from 
thence, for 1 can have no opp 17 here & therefore, if thought pro- 
per, either thy self or J. Steel or R. P. , I suppose, will write to 
him accordingly, and I shall attend when it can be of service, 
who am, with sincere respect, 

Thy faithful fr d , 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 



Stenton, 31 st of Mar., 1737. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

That acco 1 of Cressap's wife, is far from being new, and 'he 
measures to be taken on it, I believe, may now, without much 
damage, be delayed for a few dayes,and so I hope may. What 
I have to say. on my own part, to the subject, My sister-in-law, 
Pemb""\ w Ul my eldest daughter, have taken my Chaise to 
Bucks, to the marriage of young Isra 1 , w ch was to be yesterday, 
and if they return, as I expect, to-morrow, I shall endeavor to 
be in town the next day. In the mean time, I shall barely 
hint, that a certain other hand, would be of much more service 
in the case, than any thing in my power. Th° I would, by no 



222 PAPERS RELATING TO 

means decline what is so, to serve thee or the eountrey. Being, 
w th great Truth, as ever, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

The Lett r that came to me two dayes Since, by the Maryl' 1 
Post, is a Copy of that from Gov' Broughton, of S. Carolina, 
sent via Virginia. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stentox, W* of Apr., ':!?. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

I here return G. Ogle's Lettf, and my present thoughts, from 
my first reading, it, are, that either we are to put an end to all 
further Treaty with him, or, (if possible,) to get some proper 
hand or hands, to go down and treat with him, at Annapolis, 
for 'tis to no purpose to endeavour at making an appointm 1 
for that end. It will, in my opinion, be in vain, for I imagine 
he would rather avoid it. 

Were we to labour further for an agreem', as I think we still 
ought, in the manner I have mentioned, the difficulty, 1 con- 
ceive, will lie in adjusting the sense of the words under their 
our Govm',for I doubt he will claim all on that side of the Sas- 
quehannah, under the pretence that they had Officers there, 
as Cap 1 & Justice. . . . and Constables, while we had none 
of any kind. 

I would come Immediately to town if the weather would 
p'mit : but as it is, I am really somewhat unwilling to venture, 
unless it were of a more apparent necessity. In the mean time, 
I hope thou wilt advise, and in a good measure conclude, for 
I think little or nothing, in this case, depends on the Council, 
more than for form. I hope,however, to see thee before night. 
And am, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 223 



JOHN CAMPBELL TO JONATHAN ROBESON & 

COMPANY. 

Caledonia, 26'" April, 1737. 

Sb : Nicholas Scull came here Saturday last, and after resting 
a little, Ave went to the old Trade Levelling, and observe that 
there is a Considerable fall of near 5 feet in the Creek, from a 
place a little above the Plantation next to Wink's, (Where we 
now think to begin the Race,) to the place where we propos'd 
formerly to begin. And we find that a Race carried from this 
new place to the mines, will be easily done-, nor will the Depth 
exceed 4i feet la the Deepest part. Nicholas intends to be with 
you some time friday next, who will more amply inform. 

Saturday morning I measured our new Drifts, and found we 
were 13 feet to the West of our shafts, Directly under our former 
Lower Drift, which is now the Middle drift, and finding noth- 
ing but Red Rock in all this Length, only being Roof'd with 
the gray, and also, that the Gray did not Dip, I concluded we 
were Certainly under the ore, which gave me the greatest 
Comfort of any, except we had mett with the Body. And 
having then, also, measured the former Lower Drift, now the 
Middle, I found we were as far to the West in the new Drifts 
as in that ; wherefore, I thought fitt to return, and having 
erected a frame in the shaft, opposite to the roof of the Lower 
Drift, wherein we placed a stage for the work men to stand on. 
We are now Driving at the Gray Rock, which is Excessive hard. 
There is quantities of Green Spar intermixed with it, and also 
Diverse spots of Ore. But I expect in a few days we shall come 
at the ore, But the Rock is so hard that we make but slow way, 
and this is all I can now inform with Respects to the work. I 
beg the Company will Consider the vast charge we are put to 
with respect to the water. It is more than § of our Cost, he- 
sides the Toile. 

And I should think the Battle was over, if we had the engine 
fix'd; and I'm positive, that all efforts that can be made to 
make the engine work, without bringing water by the propos'd 
Race, will be only a prepetuall plague, and very expensive, so 
that the sooner the Race is begun, we shall be nearer the end 
of our Difficulties. There is another Difficulty attends, which 
now is the only time to obviate, which is the Expense and plague 
of hyring any hands hut the miners, so I entreat the company 
to buy 5 or 6 servants. They may have Credite for them till 
next fall : and the six hands we are now forced to byre @ 40s. .and 



324 PAPERS RELATING TO 

upwards, a month, (beside the miners,) will, by that time, come 
near the price of as many Servants. My Wife Can Inform you 
how I'm abusd and Insulted here by some Dutch. I Desire 
they'l Resent it, if not, I cannot take it well. If 1 could leave 
the works, 1 wou'd soon be reveng'd, let the Charge be never 
so much. 1 have Desired my Wife not to Return without 
money to Pay the Dogs off, and, If I can, they shall never earn 
a farthing of us, hereafter. Which is all I have at present to 
acquaint you with, &c. I'm, 
Gentlemen, 

Your most humble Serv 1 , 

JN° CAMPBELL. 



BENJAMIN EASTBURN TO THOMAS NOXON. 

Philad 1 , July 8"', 17:57. 

Respected fr j Thomas Noxojs : William Battel, late of the 
County of Newcastle, being, ( as is alledged,) vested with the 
rights of Divers Tracts of Land, situated in the County afores 3 , 
viz: to 200 a laid out & Confirmed to Thomas Langshaw> by 
patent, the Warr' for the survey was Granted by the late pro- 
prietary, W m Penn, dated the 30 th of May, 1683, & laid out by 
Henry Hollingsworth on the 12"' of y e <5 ,h M", 1684, & to 500% 
formerly Laid out to W m Rakestraw by Tho s Pierson, Vz 1 : on 
t ne 24"' of the 2 d M°, 1686, by virtue of a Warr 1 from the The.. 
Comm", dated the 24 of The 12"' M", 1684,the returns of these 
two Tracts are now in my office ; but the later survey by T. 
Pierson is supposed to interfere with the survey afores' 1 made 
by H. Hollingsworth to Tho. Langshaw, as by the draughts 
herew* sent is suggested, for the upper Corner B. oak on 
Christiana, of Langshaw's, & the Courses of each being Con- 
sidered, ir will easily be understood how they interfere. 

The s' 1 W" Battel also claim 'd 100" in right of Jn° Frogg, 
granted him by a warr' from the late Comiss rs , date y e 21 st 7'"', 
1715, and 100 more in right of Alex. Fasier, granted him by a 
warr' from the Comm", dated the 2<i"' of 7'", 17 M, & 100 ;i more 
in wright of Rob' Courtney, who had a warr' granted by the s' 1 
Comm", dated the 4 of march, 171-67 for 150 a ; but I find no re- 
turns in my office of any Lands surveyed in pursuance of any 
of the three last mentioned warr". There is, indeed, now pro- 
duced by the Claim 18 , under W" 1 Battel, several draughts in the 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 323 

hand writing of G. Dakeyne but they being uninteiligable, 
are by, Cons 1 of the z d Claimants rejected in my office ; yet to 
the end that Justice may be done to the estate of the s d Battel, 
I desire thee to survey all the Lands free from the Just Claims 
of other persons. & late in possession of the s' 1 Battel,at or near 
to the Mills on Christiana Creek ; that the s d Land, or so much 
thereof, as, upon examination, may appear to the proprietor to 
have been (Battel's) real right, may be Confirmed to those who 
Justly & Lawfully Claim under him. In order to which I de- 
sire a Draught & Return thereof may be sent to my office. 

BENJA. EASTBURN. 
To Thomas Noxon, Esq r . 

N. B. — Out of the two Tracts survey'd to Langshavv & Rake- 
straw, the Lands sold by Battel to Clayton, called 500 a , more 
or less, is to be made up, including the Mills, Race, & , agree- 
able to the deed afores' 1 of Battel to Clayton & Chapman, & 
the lines thereof to be run & mark'd distinctly & separately 
from the rest, so that the same may be Convey 'd to George 
McCall, the present purchaser, Clear of other surveys. 

R. E. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stknton, 30'" of 7 hr , 1737.— 8- at night. 
May it please the Proprief: 

My head was so full of the business we talked of to-day that 
I intirely forgot one article I fully intended this morning to in- 
quire into and take some care of, that is bow Lodging may be 
got and to get them for the Eastern Gentleman, who, as I had 
been informed, might be expected in town to-morrow ; and I 
am now the more solicitous about it, because R. Peters assures 
me he is truly what he pretends to be, that is, a Sovereign 
Prince, tho' tributary to the Porte, and I wish it would be 
seasonably and effectually thought of there. I also forgot 
another material point, w ch was to desire this brother Freame 
company to-morrow. I knew not he was returned from Pens- 
bury ; tho' seeing thy sister to-day, might have given me reason 
to conclude he was, had not my thoughts been otherwise em- 
ploy'd, but pray be pleased to speak to him for me, who am, 
Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

I met B. Eastburn, &c. 
15— Vol. VII. 



226 PAPERS RELATING TO , 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, &" of Dec, 1737. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

If thou sent this Coachman to supply the place of mine, on 
my own acco 1 , I return thee my hearty thanks for thy kind re- 
gard to me ; but if on necessity, thou conceives of my being 
there, I could wish to have known it by a line from thee, but 
as I have no notion of anything of the kind at p'sent, except 
it may be in relation to what thou mentioned in thine of first 
day of the lower Counties, on Ryves Holt's being in town, as he 
comes not often to Philad a , and 'tis probably he is not in so 
much haste, as to render it necessary for me to come to town 
this weather. I am willing to stay for better, but if I am 
wanted on any business that cannot be deferr'd, be pleased to 
let my son know it, and he will either come or send me notice 
of it. 

I was willing to be in Philad* yesterday, as well to sign the 
two commissions of the Peace to Jn° Evans and Rob 1 Fletcher, 
as, on divers small affairs of my own, but the first of these were 
brought me yesterday in the evening, by R. Charles, who pro- 
mised me to wait on thee to know, and then to send me word 
whether my coming was necessary but I suppose he had not 
seen thee. 

If R. Holt come and returns by water, he can be employ "d 
only for his own County. If by land, he will think it no hard- 
ship to wait a day for me ; but I assure thee, I should, if there 
be at a loss how to manage that point of notice to those Coun- 
ties. If we had rec'd y e ord s directly, there must have been 
no hesitation, but as it his, we are not obliged, in my opinion, 
to do anything further than to acquaint the magistrates, that 
they must be careful to keep the peace, &c, nor must I take 
upon me to move a finger, or my tongue in relation to those 
Counties, without the direction as well as consent of three of 
my four masters, and they are blessed ones. 
Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 

My Cuffe is so much better, that he can now undertake to 
drive for me. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 227 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 12'" 10" cr , 1737.— at night. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Had my son come up earlier to transcribe the 3 Circular 
Lett rs inclosed herewith, he should have brought them this day 
to thee Thinking more closely of the subject after I came 
home, the manner they are now down in, appeared to me the 
best I could choose ; they are all totidem verbis the same, ex- 
cepting y e direction only, and having sealed two of them, I 
have left the other open for thy view. If they please, 1 wish 
J. Steel would take care to forw d them respectively to New- 
castle & Kent, the other may be delv'd to W. Till to be for- 
warded, (being first sealed) and he should consider it for me as 
Presid' of the Prov. rather than of the Counties. If they please 
not or would require an alteration pray return them by y e same 
Bearer with thy Thoughts, to 

Thy faithful fr'\ 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOG-AN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, \T h febry, '3|. 
May it please y e Propriety. 

My son telling me thou desires I should send thee Gov r 
Goochs Lett 7 with my sentiments in writing of what may be 
proper to say on the affair it relates to, I inclose the first, but 
am at a loss in the other for want of knowing thy intentions or 
meaning. If it be to know my thoughts, whether a message 
should be sent from this Prov. to the Indians, it may undoubt- 
edly in one view be adviseable, tho on the other, the charge is 
discouraging and this must be left wholly to this self ; for if the 
Council were called upon it, I can scarce think that after what 
G. Clark has wrote, they would direct it, nor have they the 
power of ordering any money to defray the Charge. Again : 
if it be concluded to send, there occurs nothing to me as neces- 
sary to be said at present, further than by a proper messenger 
with 2 or 3 fathom or more of wampum, to acquaint the Indians 
with the tenour of G. Gooch's Letf, that is that the Catawbas 
are willing to believe those from the Northw d who kill'd their 



228 PAPERS RELATING TO 

people last year, knew nothing of the nations having agreed to 
a Cessation, that for this reason they would excuse the action, 
that they are still desirous to make peace, and for that end 
will meet the Chiefs of the 6 nations next summer at Albany 
and that, in the mean time, we desire they should refrain all 
hostilities, and suffer none of their people to go to war against 
the others. This I say is what occurs to me at present, and I 
know nothing to add unless I should hear further from thee, hut 
that I am, with respect 

Thy faithful ffriend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO SHERIFF SMITH, OF LANCASTER. 

Philad% February 24, 173£. 
Friend Samukl Smith: Finding by late Letters from that 
county what I have just now seen, that some evil minded Per- 
sons from the Neighbourhood of those Parts have been making 
fresh attempts to settle in Conestogoe mannor, without any 
License or authority from the Proprietor for the same, the 
Consequence of which Proceedings, besides the manifest injus- 
tice of them, and they are in themselves inconsistent with the 
nature of government, must necessarily tend to the Destruction 
of the Publick Peace, unless timely obviated. I therefore 
think it my Duty to put thee in mind of thine, at the same 
time enjoyning thee, that for the Preservation of the Peace and 
Publick Tranquility, thou take all due and Legal measures, not 
only for preventing such settlements, but with such aid as may 
be necessary from the County, to apprehend and take as rioters 
all and every such Person and Persons as thou shall find mak- 
ing any such attempts, and to commit them to safe Custody 
till they shall find sufficient security for their good behaviour or 
be otherwise proceeded against according to law. And hereof 
I desire thee not to fail, and for thy better Direction herein it 
may be proper to advise with S. Blunston & some others of the 
Magistrates, who, I doubt not, but will readily contribute their 
best assistance for so good an end. If any thing remarkable 
occurs in this or any other affair of Publick importance, I de- 
sire, as soon as may be, to be acquainted with it, and am, with 
good wishes for thy welfare, 

Thv Loving Friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 229 



JAMES LOG-AN TO JAMES GILLARD 

PHiLAD ia , 5'" uj May, 1738. 

James Gillard : Thou art to make the best of thy way to 
Doct r Chew, in Maryland, and, delivering him the Letter thou 
hast in charge for him, to take thy Orders from him, thus : 

If the Doctor finds that those men of Lancaster County who 
are bound on their Recognisance to appear at the ensuing 
Court to be held at Annapolis the 16 ,b of this instant, May, 
cannot be excused from appearing there in person. Accord- 
ingly, Ihou art then to return directly hither the nearest way, 
with the Doctor's Lett* in answer to that sent him ; but if the 
said men are to be excused, of w ch the Doctor will inform thee, 
thou art then to take a Lett* from him, directed for that pur- 
pose, to Sam' Blunston to notifie the same, and with all due 
speed hasten up the River Sasquehanna to Lancaster County, 
and there deliver it ; and in that case, if thou shouldst meet 
any of those men in their way to Annapolis,thou art to acquaint 
them that their Journey is unnecessary and they may return ; 
but of this be well ascertained of D r Chew. 

J. LOGAN. 



THOMAS EDWARDS TO SECRETARY PETERS. 

October, the 18'*, 1738. 
Reverend Sir : I can but with the Greatest submission, but 
render my sincere thanks to the Hon ble Proprietor for his great 
condescension in causing you to send me a copy of Jenkins' 
Petition, upon which I made some observations, and have given 
a true Relation of that affair about the Land ; and I am very 
sorry that it was my turn or any that Belongs to me, to give 
exercise and trouble to the Honourable Proprietor, to consider 
how to Dispose of his Lands in these parts, In which he hath 
an absolute and undoubted Right, when I consider the clem- 
encys and the Long Forbearance that Thousands of Families, 
many of which are Poor, helpless Widows and Fatherless chil- 
dren, that are Voluntarily Settled upon his Lands without any 
Regular Rules, License, or p'mission, it should be their Duty, 
Morning & Evening, to Lift up Hearts and Hands in Earnest 



230 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Prayers to Heaven for a Blessing upon his Honour's and not 
contend and Quarrel ab l their Settlements, and Leading him 
with such complaints to be decided, I hope that 1 can appeal 
to my Countrey that I have been no Promoter of Contentions 
or quarrels between any p'sons; but rather, accordingly to my 
mean capacity for Pacifying and making Peace, and after the 
survey was made to Morgans, I accidentally met with Jenkins 
at the borders of our Country, coming as I suppose, to look 
for his Tenants that were newly come upon the Land, and we 
had some Discourse ab 1 the survey, and when he would come 
to the place if he could find any needful conveniency of water 
or Timber, but such a quantity of Land cut off that I would 
Propose and endeavour that Morgans should make him Reason- 
able Satisfaction, upon which he promised me that he would 
be upon the place next day and Mr. Lightfoot being then in 
the neighbourhood, we waited and expected to see him upon 
the spot, with a Design to endeavour our best for an accom- 
modation. But Jenkins, as I was Informed, came to the neat 
house after I parted with him, and there Lodged that night, 
and next day I had true Intelligence that the Gentlemen of 
that House and him did ride together towards Philad a , and I 
suppose went home, took his money and paid Mr. Steel before 
ever he Informed M r Taylor that lie had a Warrant, for M r 
Taylor did Declare, after the survey made to Morgans, that 
Jenkins never had made any application to him for any survey 
upon that Land. 

Sir, I made mention in the observation that M r Taylor had 
denyed Jenkin David the Dropping of that survey of the 350 
acres, and adding the 200 to this eight hundred to Compleat 
his Thousand, when the Dispute happened between Jenkin 
David and Rees David ; and I was Informed, but I cannot 
Justify that to be truth, that Jenkin David was forced to go 
to M r Steel and prevailed with him to order John Taylor to 
alter the survey ; But M r Taylor, before he laid out the two 
hundred acres joining to the 800, caused Jenkin David, by a 
paper from under his hand, to Relinquish y e survey of the 350 
acres. Now, I must beg leave to call the 350 acres, since Jenkin 
David Relinquished it. Vacant Land, and Virtually unsettled 
Land, for there was no Improvem* made iipon it but the Three 
acres that Rees David had cleared, until within three years 
Last past. His Tenant Built a little Log House & cleared but 
about an acre or two of Land, which was but a small settlem'. 
It is my opinion that the Improving & Cultivating Land in 
Pennsylvania is a Genei*al Interest & Credit to the Province in 
Part, as well as to the labouring man that gets his living upon 
the Improvements, for it adds to the supply of the Market at 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 231 

Phila<l a and elsewhere amongst ourselves, besides the Commo- 
dities that's transported and the addition that is made to the 
Bulk of our Trade; and besides the poor settlers under y e 
Favourable Indulgence of our Worthy Proprietors, do their 
suit & service, pays Taxes, maintains Roads as well as free 
holders; and if Jenkins had settled this Land when he Pur- 
chased the Improvem', as he faithfully then promised to do, 
there had been no contention now about it ; but he carried his 
Treasure & bought a Plantation a great distance & left the 
Land here to lye without moving any application for a confir- 
mation upon it to advance himself, for I can justify that persons 
were willing to give him sixty or seventy Pounds for his Interest 
in the land after Morgan's survey. If the Honourable Prop rs 
will be pleased to consider these things, which I hope is ap- 
peared to be truth, let him, in his wisdom, determine the matter 
as he thinks fit & proper ; and th° the p'son in part (that's Mor- 
gan's wife) being my Daughter, is concerned something in the 
Interest of the affair, I shall jicquiesee and be fully contented; 
But God forbid that I should be Dissatisfied to any of his Re- 
solutions or determinations whom I acknowledged next under 
God Almighty & our sovereign Lord & Gracious King George 
the second, my absolute Lord, unto whom I shall be ready to 
pay all Due obedience. I desiring his honours & y e self to par- 
don my freedom, who shall pray for both y e Temporal happi- 
ness and eternal felicity. 

Whilst I am. 

TH° EDWARDS. 



ROBERT GORDON TO JOHN PENN. 

Newcastle, 5 th March, 1739-40. 
Hounered S r : I received notice this morning from Mr. Shaw, 
of Mr. Gooding Requesting a Pattent for some land near Chris- 
tiana bridge, which has been in possession of Jo" Hogg and 
his heirs, this many year is, and showing old y e Draff ts to Mr. 
Hamilton and Eystburne, was advised by them, (as the best way 
to come at a Right for the s d Lands, ) to have an order from Est- 
burne to Mr. Noxon to survey the whole land and Lay it out, 
so as we might have a trew knowlidge of it, seperate from the 
Land of the Mills, which order I carred to Noxon, and he 
surved the same, and Returned the Draft to Estburne, and I 



232 PAPERS RELATING TO 

payed Mr. Noxon teen pounds, (and Estburne for his trouble,) 
for his trouble, and no sooner y l was don, but Mr. Gooding ap- 
pley for a warant, and brought one, as I am Informed, to 
Noxon, and he surveys the same land to hiine. I payed hime 
for surving to me, and 1 never knew anything of it till it was 
don, and application mead to your houner for a patent, and If 
I was neglegent in the affaier, I thought I was safe, seeing I 
had Mr. Hamilton advise to it, y l was to get a new Grant from 
your houner for y'. Y c old Drafts and warrants were so In- 
termix't with the Mill land, there was no knowing how much 
there was remaining, for at y l time, Mr. McCall was aboute 
bying the whole. If your houner will plaise to aske Eystburne 
for the orders he sent Noxon, and some old Drafts and warrants 
he had and he can tell how the mater is. I have sent up 1$ my 
Wife some old Drafts and warants, and as for thire being Regu- 
larly Returned or not, I cannot say, for I belive, and am In- 
formed, there were a greate maney papers lost in Mr. Tayler's 
time, who was then surver Generall of the province. I would 
have waited on your Houner but for Reaisons my Wife will ac- 
quaint your Houner of. But If there any thing a wanting, such 
as the officers fees, or your Houner s purisse money, I will Com- 
pley as soon and as fare as aney y' strives to take our Right 
from us. I hope your Houner will excuse me, seeing it is for 
the orphants I am Indevering to Vindicate. I Return your 
houner harty thanks for your patience in this affaier, and am, 
your Houner' s Most Obed' Hum Ue Servant, 

ROB' GORDON. 



SAMUEL BLUNSTON TO RICHARD PETERS. 

March y e 25"', 1740. 

Friend Peters: 

Inclosed herewith is a Draught of the Tract of Land I bought 
of John Hendricks. The Grant I cannot yet find ; But as 
George's Book is also Missing, where they were entered, I have 
sent an abstract out of that Book, which I received from him, 
which, with the papers I left with you, will be sufficient. And 
I request you will be so kind to get such writing as the Pro- 
prietor will please to sign, Draw up & Executed, & give it to Jn" 
Wright or Tho : Ewing, with the other papers I left, who will 
bring them up. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 23:J 

I believe it may not be improper to Certifie, in the writing, 
that the Land was Surveyed to & Settled by John Hendricks, 
in the year 1728, By order & consent of the proprietary com- 
missioners, and purchased from him with the Proprietor's Con- 
sent, and that I my heiis or assigns, shall have a title for the 
same, according to the meets & bounds, (in the writing to be 
mentioned,) so soon as the proprietary Claimes between the 
Provinces are sufficiently settled, anil that until a patent can 
be had, I my heirs & assigns may peaceably hold, occupy, & 
enjoy the s d tract of Land & premises, &c. 

But as I am Dictating to one who does not want Insti'uctions, 
I shall only add, that your Care & dispatch herein shall be 
acknowledged as a particular favour & the trouble thankfully 
paid by your 

assured friend 



SAM 1 BLUNSTON. 



Pleace give my Respects to the ") 
Proprietor & Tho : Freme & your - 
Brother. ) 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 1 Apr. , 1740. 
May it please the Proprietor. 

Having rec d my Maryland Papers from Town but yesterday, 
I have look'd over them, and now send as many of them (and 
more) as I can conceive can possibly be of any manner of use. 
But I have a notion, which still rests on my mind that upon 
some occasion, several years before I left Philad a , I put into A. 
Hamilton's hand, two papers, which I believed to be of some 
importance in this cause, and that I Divers limes mentioned 
them to him. But whether I ever had them, I cannot possibly 
remember, nor so ranch as what they were, only I am fully per- 
suaded, neither of them was that affidavit of J. A'skins, for 
as I have indorsed on my rough draught of it, I am pretty sure 
1 carried that to Eng w , & left it there with you. But my mem- 
ory, after these shocks of the Palsy, exceedingly fails me, and I 
am to be pitied. His affidavit to the same purpose, taken by E. 
Gratchel, is so vilely wrote that it would be a shame to pro- 
duce it. That of Amos Nichols is undoubtedly very false. But 
I must observe (w ch I had almost forgot to mention,) that Jo 
nah, in y c affid' taken by E. G. , positively declares to y° year 



234 PAPERS RELATING TO 

1682, (for which an allowance may be well made, after almost 
forty years.) but in that he swore to. Of my drawing, he was 
more cautious, <Sr speaks doubtfully, viz: "In y e latter end of 
the Summer, 1082, or 1683, which last agrees w ,h Phil. Loyd's 
Lett 1- to me, who fixes it to 15 th 7 m0 , 1683, and that Lett' shows 
they will not deny those observations themselves, since they 
have both, that at Chest 1- & that other on Octeraro, on their 
Records, or full accounts of them in their Offices. So that what 
is to be proved is their running the Line, and making a demand 
upon it consistent with it. And, indeed, that is the point to 
be laboured by our Comm rs at Annapolis, above most others, 
to procure Copies out of their Records of L' 1 Bal tn , two Com- 
miss" to Coll. Talbot, and his executing of them. But since the 
Papers will explain themselves, I shall not now further add 
than that, I am, with sincere respect to thy self, sister, &c. 
Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 



Stenton, 31 st of Mar. , '39. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

I suppose Jn° Emerson may be gone with orders to send 
down the Marylander, who is in custody at Lancaster ; but I 
am much concerned it was not thought of that our Supreme 
Court is to sitt next week, viz: the 10 th of Apr., and if he is in 
town by that time, he must be brought before it. As this, 
therefore, may somewhat puzzle us, I would propose to yo r 
consideration whether it might not be as well that he were de- 
tained somewhat longer. A. Ham. was of opinion that it 
would not turn to our disadvantage, if those of that Govm 1 
should rescue him, that is, break y e prison to get him, not 
rescue him on y e Road, w ch more probably they would en- 
deavour, then we should be more insulted & laugh d at, and I 
am not of a different one. But since they have let our people 
out on Bail, we doubtless ought to take like for him, if he can 
find it. What I have said of our Court, I think ought to be 
considered, and in time, that we may not be embarrassed, yet 
none of those above, I mean in Lancaster, should be ac- 
quainted with the reason, for secrets of this kind, are differently 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 285 

kept. I beg you to think of it, as my Countreymen, say time- 
ouslv. I am, with due respect, 

Your faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 
You will doubtless shew this to A. H. , on Rec' of it. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stexton, 5 th April, 1740. 
May it please ilie Proj)rietor: 

Upon recollection I called to mind after I had sent thee those 
papers relating to Maryl nd that I had drawn up one in y e winter 
of 1736, in which, I remember, I thought then I obviated all 
the arguments that could be inferr'd from the King's Order in 
Council, in Nov br , 1685, more effectually than anything I had 
advanced in the State of the Claims would doe, and as on their 
part they lay a good deal of stress on the mention that is there 
made of the 40 th degree as comprized in their Charter, it must 
probably be of some importance to the cause. If anvthing 
more in it than the validity of the articles be considered, to 
have that point clearly explain'd,even to the understanding of 
a Lawyer, and accordingly I hope it will by no means be neg- 
lected, but recommended in such a manner as that it cannot 
possibly fail to make a due impression. 

I send, also, a Copy I had taken of my Remarks on the L d 
B's answer, of which, as I remember, I sent two Copies, at the 
time, to Engl' 1 , of which one or both could not fail, I think, of 
coming to hand, tho' never that I remember acknowledged. 
But as my business in this world is, in a great measure, over, 
I am willing whatever I have of the kind (and I think these 
are all) should be lodged with thee, to whom they possibly may 
be of some use, or perhaps an amusem', as I hope both my 
serious and mirthful answ r3 to Jas. Heath's very odd remarks 
on my state of the Claims might prove, which I left with thee 
some years since. When it suits both thy Leisure and Inclina- 
tion to take an airing this way, we may perhaps enter further 
into conversation on these heads. In the meantime, with sin- 
cere respect to thy self, sister, brother, & Tommy, I am 

Thy Faithful Friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



236 PAPERS RELATING TO 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, May 3 d , 1740. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Happ9iiing lately to open thy father's Expostulation with 
y c People of this Province, in the year 1710, that produced a 
total change (not one member excepted) in the then next ensu- 
ing Election of Representatives, I found it, instead of being, 
as I always had supposed it, my own first draught of it, to be 
another wrote in my brother's hand, who was then with me in 
London, and signed by thy father himself ; wherefore, having 
another copy of it, from which I added y e date to this, I thought 
it more proper to be in thy hands, who might have never seen 
it, and therefore now send it. 

I also have found amongst my papers that other, Indorsed 
long since, Subscriptions to y e Society by the Propriet™ family, 
wherein, besides The first four that we have always been fully 
aprired of, I see R. Whitpain's name added in y e same List for 
£25, & Martin Jacques's for £12:10 but how I had this or 
whence when I took it, 1 remember not one syllable. I possibly 
might have it from thy father himself, (I mean y e acco' of those 
2 articles, for thou sees it is in my own hand,) but, however, 
that he, Th. Griffiths, ought to be spoke to, and if no de- 
mand has been made by others in these 2 persons' names, this 
is certainly a strong presumption that their shares are your 
due. 

I also return thy sister Letitia'sacco', which I ought to have 
done long since. They have been of no use to me, for I had 
copies of them all before. I was in hopes, if thy leisure had 
permitted, on J. Kersey's Return, to have had a further ap- 
port ,v with thee on those affairs, who am in all things, with 
sincere respect, 

Thy faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THE PROPRIETOR. 

Stenton, 30 th July, 1740. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Conrad Weiser, coming hither yesterday evening, informed 
me that Delaware Indians, at the perswasion of Pesqueeton, 
were gone by Wessahickon Road and lodged about A. Robinson's 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 237 

Mill that night ; that Shekalleiny, to prevent any misunder- 
standing with them, went also thither, but had appointed w lh 
Conrad that he should go over to them early this morning, and 
then he and the Mingoes with him would come over to my 
house. Accordingly, Conrad went, but Pesqueeton having 
gone last night to Philad ia , they all consulted together, admired 
why they had suffered themselves to be perswaded to take an- 
other road, and, tho' Conrad had no directions from me, to 
perswade them to it in ye least, nor do I find that he did, yet 
we were surprized to see between 30 & 40 of them coming in a 
body this morning up the Lane. 

W. Parsons, I suppose from what W. informed him at Tulpy- 
hockin, has communicated Shekallemy's and his company's 
business, viz : to inquire about news on the variety of Reports 
that have reached them, but particularly whether the Goods 
are come that the Proprietor promised them (they say) to send 
for in further consideration for the Land they sold, having 
been paid for only that on this side of Sasquehannah which I 
think, falls out somewhat unhappily that it was so long delay' d 
'till a War is commenced, for that will undoubtedly raise y e 
price of gunpowder at least, if of no other Commodities, and, 
indeed, I heartily wish we may be so happy as to see that affair 
terminated without any uneasiness or heart-burning remain- 
ing. We all parted in Oct hr , 173G, in a p'fect good understand- 
ing, w oh they abundantly approv'd on Weiser's being sent to 
them the following spring, but it was to be wished that it bad 
been practicable to reduce that further consideration to a cer- 
tainty, for, tho' it is possible some of them may profess them- 
selves satisfied with what istenderVl to them, It is to be doubt- 
ed whether it may be to satisfie them all with any thing that 
may be reasonable to offer, and consequently the Treaty that 
was begun in perfect friendship may end in or occasion a very- 
wide misunderstanding. Therefore, as thou art sensible of 
Weiser's capacity in such affairs, as well as honesty, no man 
can perhaps be more fit to be advised with upon the whole. 
As to y e Delawares, I have learn'd nothing of their business, nor 
do I think "tis probable they can have much besides brighten- 
ing the chain, w ch , as it happens while the Assembly is sitting, 
proves well enough. I am, w"' due respect, 

Thy most faithful friend, 

J. LOGAN. 



238 PAPERS RELATING TO 

JAMES LOGAN TO THOMAS PENN. 

Stenton, 7 th Aug., 1740. 
May it please the Proprietor: 

Tho' I am very sensible it is lit now for me to decline inter- 
medling in Public affairs, and that for any man to offer his 
sentim ,s when they are not ask'd very seldom proves acceptable, 
yet y e part I have borne in these affairs, between 30 & 40 years 
Past, I hope may, in some measure excuse, if not wholly, justify 
me in expressing my Concern for the Public Peace, at a juncture 
when it appears to me in manifest danger. I understood with 
plesure that y e assembly, before their adjournm 1 last month, 
had agreed to give 4,000 lh % one half thereof to y e Gov r for y° pro- 
posed expedition, the other half to pay for the listed serv ts times 
to their masters, and when I heard they were called again to 
meet on y e 28 th Ult. , my bro r , Pemberton, & son, Norris, two 
members of some weight, as I judge, in y e House, being both 
with me (the first by mere accid', in his return from seeing his 
sister at abington,; the then preceding first day. and discours- 
ing on the subject, they informed me that they found, since 
they had last parted, the masters intirely dissapprov'd of their 
measures, for that they understood bought servants were 
listed in no other Governin 1 besides this, not even in those im- 
mediately under the Crown ; that they had taken advice, & 
were assured no English Law in being would, in any case, de- 
prive them of their property without a legal consideration ; 
that their serv ts time was their purchased Property as much as 
their household goods, or as y° money in their pockets. Be- 
sides, that it happen'd in this case there was no occasion for 
them, the King having sent Commissions for no more than 
four Companies, and these might easily be filled with other 
Volunteers that offered; &, therefore, if the proceeding were 
in other respects regular & justifiable, in this part it was but a 
piece of unnecessary supererogation. On hearing these several 
allegations, I notwithstanding employ'd all my Interest in 
these two persons, in advising them not only to proceed with 
the utmost moderation, on w oS I entirely depended, but that 
they would study & pursue the most pacific measures they 
could devise to prevent any, even the least misunderstanding ; 
that if they should resolve on rep'senting those allegations of 
the masters in a decent manner, I doubted not but the Gov r , 
who is a p'fect good judge of reason, would be easily p' vailed 
on by argum ts of such weight, for I must own they appear to 
me unanswerable. Therefore, hearing last night that it yet 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 239 

remained doubtful whether the point would be accommodated, 
I, this morning, thought it incumbent on me to throw in my 
mite in giving my opinion, w ch I request may be communicated 
and press'd on y e Gov r ir_ time, and if y e reasons here advanced, 
not only, I p'sume, as the sense of the assembly, but, I believe, 
of the Countrey in gen 1 , can have the desired success, it will 
prove also very highly to the satisfaction of 

Thy most faithful friend, 
J. LOGAN. 



J. STEEL TO SECRETARY PETERS. 

Philad% 3l s( 6 m °, 1741. 

Dear Friend : I have thy additional favour of the 28 th Inst, 
by our ffr'* W" Plumstead, this evening from N. York. I sin- 
cerely thank thee for thy sympathy & concern on account of 
my self & family for I never was in so much need of the com- 
passion of my ffriends as now. Dear Jemmy departed the 27 th , 
having been ill just nine days from the hour he was taken to 
the time of his exit, seven whereof he retained his senses, atid 
afforded some hopes of his recovery, but alass those hopes van- 
ished, and Death ensued. Great is my loss, as well as all those 
of my ffamily. We must & ought to submit to the will of God. 

I think it is prudence in thee to refrain coming to Town till 
the sickness may abate of its malignity, for by means thereof 
very few applications have been made to the office, for the 
Countrey People refrain coming to town. 

We shall speak to the Surveyors about the Draughts and the 
other matters mentioned, and also to employ John in Copying, 
&c. , and if any urgent occation should require thy presence in 
Town, I shall be careful to give thee early notice of it, who am 
with sincere Respects. 

Thy sorrowful, yet affectionate, Friend, 

J. STEEL. 



JAMES LOGAN TO RICHARD PETERS. 

Stenton, Aug' 15, '41. 

My Goon friend R. P. , I return thee my hearty thanks 

for the uncommon pains thou hast taken to serve my overseer 

to day (in his 4 th Journey to town since y e Prop r was here) in 

that small affair of his Land, about which he has so long since 



240 PAPERS RELATING TO 

applied to thee, and am traly sorry that some others have taken 
it into their head to render it so difficult ; but as I presided in 
those affairs myself above 30 years, & may boldly challenge all 
mankind to give one instance of my partiality in them, ami 1 
hope my judg' is clear enough yet to form just notions of them, 
if I am not widely misinformed in the matter, I cannot, as it is 
now presented to me, comprehend where the objection can lie. 
One Valentine, as I am told, presumptously enter'd on y c Pro- 
priet 1 " 8 Land, without making any manner of application for it. 
& having possess' d himself of it for some time, deserted it, & 
thereby left it clear for the next comer ; but the Prop r , before 
he grants it away to another, desires, according to the just 
rules he has prescribed to himself, to be satisfied whether any 
other p'son has an equitable claim to it. The Dep ty Surv r saves 
some body.spoke to him for it when he was last up there. The 
Surv r Gen 1 says another who took out a warr' for some Land 
in y e fforks of Delaware cannot have it there, & this place might 
suit him probably, in its stead. \V m Allen thinks N. Irish, when 
he was last in town, desired him to apply for a warr' for it, but 
he forgot it, & wishes the matter might he deferr'd till he comes 
to town again, to know whether he really wants it ; and it is 
not to be admired that W. A. would do any reasonable service 
to oblige a person he is in some other respects so deeply engaged 
with, any more than it is strange that R. Peters should have 
all possible inclination to oblige so good a friend ; but we both 
know that Gent, to be of too generous a disposition to desire 
any partiality to himself that carries an injustice to another; 
and R. P. very well knows that Tho. Armstrong's application 
to him was prior to all these, and I also know that upon his 
apprehensions that some other might intervene and disappoint 
him, about 3 months since he requested me to lend him as much 
money as might serve to make the first paym', but that being 
a commodity very scarce with me at that time, for I would 
freely have advanced it to him, could I have by any means 
spared it, I desired him to be easy, and I should take care to 
secure the Land for him ; and accordingly I spoke to the Prop r 
the next time that I saw him here, but was answ d that by an 
unalterable rule in y e Office nothing would purchase a Warr' 
but the money down. I then immediately spoke to thy self, 
and had thy kind promise to lay it down of thy own for him 
but I fail'd in my Ducy, I find, in not mentioning it to J. Steel ; 
but one reason was, that I had not seen him for sev 1 months, 
and another that I thought James only acted as Reev'r in these 
cases. Upon the whole, if I have stated y e matter right, as I 
have done it to y e best of my knowledge, I do not see, from al 
the experience I have ever had, that there can be room left 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 241 

for any manner of objection to the granting a wan-', and if 
(.here be none, w ch thou wilt soon find on shewing this (w oh I 
request thee to do) to y e Prop r , and this will excuse thee from 
all further blame ; on thy hinting it to-morrow evening to my 
son, lie will bring thee the money, or J. St'l, or L. Lardner's 
Receipt for it, as also a Patent for my Liberty Land, to w ch I 
request thee to get the Prop' 3 hand. James made an objection 
to the Quitr' of one penny Sterl. for those 50 acres of Streiper's 
Land, in right of his 5,000 as reduced to 1 sh. p. thous'd on pre 
fence of the Law for Quittr'\ But as I not only drew that act at 
first my self, but contested it by Paragraphs at seve' Conferences 
for that alone cost us in y e Council, where the burthen lay solely 
on me, more trouble than almost all the other 49 that were past 
by that Assembly, I have good reason to understand y e whole 
design of it. The whole q tv of Lib ,v Land laid out in that Right 
is but 50 acres, without any manner of Division being made in 
it, and as by y e first Concessions the Purchasers were to take 
only 500 a's in one Tract, without more families joyning, for 
w cb y c Quittr 13 by Streiper's purchase was only to be 6 pence, 
and in the City Liberties only 50 acres, (for which I have the 
Proprietor's Ord 1 , under his own hand,) were allowed to that 
Purchase as being Posteriour in time, there cannot possibly be 
any pretence for insisting on more than in proportion to the 
whole ; besides, since it is that Law only that gives any colour 
for it, if the enacting Paragraph (p. m. 73) preceed'g that Pro- 
vision in the act be considered, such a Demand will be found di- 
rectly contrary to the express intention & even the words of 
the Law. But I have already said more than can be necessary 
on this head, & therefore shall here close with sincere respect. 
Thy assured ffriend, 

J. LOGAN. 

In relation to that act for Quittr ,s , I must add that, having 
drawn it very different from what it now appears, it was re- 
turned to the Board with such a number of alterations that I 
absolutely despaired of it, but divers members of the Council 
being then on y e Assembly, they were unwilling to let it drop, 
& y e fore, after very warm debates in 2 Conferences, we at 
length carried it as it now appears. 

P. S. , Aug' 16"'. — Tho' I have reason to be offended with Ja. 
Steel, yet I could heartily wish the Propriety unless he pro- 
poses in some little time to part with him altogether, would 
shew a greater regard to his circumstances, for I know, by 
long experience, that 200 lbs a year, which James mentioned to 
me when here with his wife this day week, as in Confidence to his 
16— Vol. VII. 



242 PAPERS RELATING TO 

old true friend will not be sufficient to maintain his family with 
a Boarder, who ought to be handsomly provided for, and defray 
all manner of expences besides, Treat comers and goers, & c 
cV . 



JAMES STEEL TO SECRETARY PETERS. 

a 

Philad", 15'* 7 br , 1743. 

Dear Friend : I received thine of the 13th Inst, by R 1 Hill, 
and of the part relating to W m Parsons, who intends to set out 
in the morning to confer with thee, I need say nothing. 

The distemper still continuing in Town, tho' I hope not al- 
together so mortal as some time since, yet the Terror of it 
being far spread in the countrey, prevents the People from 
coining to Town, as otherwise they would, so that, as I men- 
tioned to thee in my former, as I remember, there is no neces- 
sity of thy self, Brother, or L. Lardner to leave the healthy 
Climate you now reside in, to hazzard yonr Lives here, till the 
sickness, by the mercy of God, may be abated and health re- 
stored to the Inhabitants. It is for our Transgressions that we 
are afflicted, and may we, under an humble sense thereof, be 
awakened to our duty to God and to our neighbours, and from 
hence forward, by the assistance of his Grace, to persevere in 
well doing to the end of time here. 

I am, with sincere respects to thyself and ffriends, 

Affectionately Thine, &c. , 

J. STEEL. 

Please to remember me kindly to my worthy fr d J. Langhorne. 



ELISHA DOBREE TO RICHARD PETERS. 

Philadelphia, Sep 1 28, 1743. 

Sir : I am sorry that I should be so troublesome to you to 

call at your house so often, but my necessity obliges me to it. I 

came here with a Trine of money, & was in hopes that I might 

mee' an Employ. I, indeed, met with M r Brockdens for what 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 243 

Extr. business he had more then his Clerks could dispatch. 1 
have done it, & he has now no more to do at present for me, so 
that I am quite Idle, & I am so much a stranger here that I 
know not where to apply for business. I,therefoie, beg your 
Favour to procure me some Business, either in Accounts or 
otherwise. I have, in my time, been Employ 'd Chiefly in Mer- 
chants'Accounts & some time in The Secretary's Office, Naval 
Office, Custom House, & Treasury, in New York, where I have 
given Satisfaction. When I was in Georgia, I was Clerk of the 
Court & Deputy Recorder, & I brought with me a Certificate 
of my behaviour there, signed by the whole Town. 

I was formerly a Merchant in London, but through a chain 
of Misfortunes I fail'd, & came into these American parts in 
hopes to better my fortune, but all in vain. I am between 40 & 
50, have a wife & three children unprovided, not one friend 
that 1 can depend upon for any kind offices, unless you are 
pleased to be my Friend to introduce me into some business, 
in which I shall endeavour so to behave myself as to bring no 
uneasiness for your kind offices in Recommending me,& for 
which favor I shall always have a Grateful scence,& endeavour, 
on all occasions to shew how much I am, 
Sir, 

Your most obliged Servant, 

ELISHA DOBREE. 

I lodge at present at M r Rogers, in Arch Street, where I pay 
twelve shillings p. week for my Board & Lodging. I am often 
at the coffee house. 



JAMES LOGAN TO THE PROPRIETOR 

Stenton, 30 ( " 8" r , 1743. 
May it please Your Honour: 

As you were pleased to commit to me the care & regulation 
of y e Gentlemen of the Town of York, on Codorus, on y c West 
side Sasquehanna, laid out, in y c mannor you Proposed, I pre- 
sume an acco 1 of y e Progress of it will not be disagreeable. 
First, then, after y e People had notice of a town to be laid out, 
They had a General meeting, & enter'd their Names with me 
for Lots to y e number of 70, & for promoting immediate Build- 
ings then the principal persons concernd, in applying for y e 
Town had their first choice of y e Lots, & after them, as such 



244 PAPERS RELATING TO 

as first apply 'd with an intent to Build immediately. The 
people were satisfy' d with this, And wee have got eleven houses 
already Built in it, & several others setting on foot. I annex 'd 
conditions on entering their names, that unless they Built in 
one year from that time their claim should be void, & give 
liberty to any other person to take up such lots. 

Water has been got at about 16 feet, pretty near y° highest 
part of y u town, which gives great encouragem 1 to those settled 
from y e Creek. You may be pleased to remember that the 
center of y r Town is two squares to y c eastward of y e Creek. 
The Houses built are from y° Creek towards y e Centre, & several 
Lots are taken up to y c eastward of y e center. The people are 
very intent upon y e thing, & have open'd a road to Patapsco; 
some trading Gen 1 there are desirous of opening a Trade to 
York & y e country adjacent. The Inhabitants seem willing to 
close with 'em from y e shortness of y e cut, not being about 45 
miles ; from Philadelphia they are between 80 & 00 miles, be 
side y e Ferriage over Sasquehanna. The 2 Religious Societies 
of which the Town & County adjacent consist, (viz. ) y° Luthe- 
rans & Calvinists, have apply d each for a Lot for a House of 
Worship, which, in your name, I have promised them, and they 
are going to build immediately. The prospect of its being a 
County Town some time or other pleases most of y e people, 
tho' some pains is privately taken to frustrate any such Expec- 
tations. I have taken a skilful person with me, & view'd y 
Creek well for a Conveniency for a Saw Mill, but cannot find 
a place any way convenient ; there's a fine run on a Tract ad- 
joining this, in y e possession of one Bernard Lowman, by virtue 
of a Grant or Licence by your direction, under Mr. Blunston's 
hand on which a Mill might at an easy expence be erected, & 
very comodious to y e Town. I have talkd with him about it on 
my own acco\ and I'm in expectation of getting him to suit 
his claim upon a reasonable valuation of his Improvement. 

As to the Manner of Mask, It is pretty full of y e poorest soil 
of y e Irish, who declare themselves determined to keep posses- 
sion, & prevent a Manner being run out, & considering our 
present inability to enforce y e execution of y e civil power, & y 
pains taken to propagate & improve a factious Spirit iny e Peo- 
ple, it may not be amiss to suffer them to feel y e Inconvenience 
of Lawless force a little longer, for they begin to practise it 
upon one another, and Complaints have been made to me, by 
several of those who first settled, & took imaginary Lines, 800 
or 1000 acres a piece for less than 800 acres, That the people 
crowded in so thick to settle, & knowing that y° former settlers 
had no better right than themselves, «Sr that they were equally 
Trespassers, encroached upon y e first settlers, sate down where 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 245 

they pleased, every man according to his forces, by himself or 
friends, thereby occasioned great Quarling & disorders. This 
has put to use of y e most considerate of 'em upon applying for re- 
lief, & by this means must necessarily be bro 1 to submitt & 
bring things into order. I intend to survey a Tract of about 
600 acres, on Great Conewago, to y e Proprietaries on next week, 
& I am informed of another Tract, of about 800 acres of good 
Land, higher upon the y e same Creek, which if I And, on viewing, 
to answer y c discription, I shall also run out. The Lauds on 
Bermuddean were chiefly settled, so that small settlem ts were 
only to be got. The People settled in my district on y e west 
side Sasquehanna, are hastening to procure warr ls of their 
Lands, being made sensible that they will not be suffer'd to 
sit undisturb'd, on their Lands for a Term of years without any 
application to y e office. 

I should have wrote sooner to your Honour, But could not 
have been too particular. I understand by M r Peters, That you 
propose to return here next Summer, which will be very agree- 
able to y e People here. 

In the meantime, I will beg leave to offer my Duty & service 
to your Brothers, & to assure you that nothing in my power re- 
lating to my office, or otherwise,shall be wanting to your service 
& Interest, & that of your Family, & that I shall always enter- 
tain a gratef ull sence of your Favours to me. 

I am, 

H b le S r , 

y most Obed', 

J. LOGAN. 
My Wife hopes her Compliments to Mrs. Frame, will not be 
taken amiss. 



WARRANT TO SURVEY A VESSEL. 

Pennsylvania. ) 

Office Vice Admiralty, - ss: 

) 

By the Right Hono' le the Lords Commissioners for executing 
y° Office of Lords High Admiral of Great Britain. 
To Me&s™ Cha s Willing, W m Bell, John Sims, and Michael Etolin, 

all of if City of Philda, in ye s d Province : 

Whereas, the Ship called y e Lidia, James Abercrombia, Com- 
mander, lately arrived in y c Port of PhikP, from Cowes, in Great 
Britain, & during the s a Voyage the s d Ship & her cargoe suffer'd 



246 PAPERS RELATING- TO 

considerable Damage by reason of a violent storm. As by an 
Instrument of Protest,made here by the s 11 .la 3 Abercrombia, the 
22' 1 day of Sep 1 last past, & now produced, more fully appears. 
To the end, therefore, y' Justice may be duly administer' d to all 
P'sons therein concerned, & y l y c Damage sustained of s d may be 
more truly known & ascertained. These are, to will & require 
you the s ri Cha s Willing, W™ Bell, Jn° Sims, & Mich 1 Ewlin, or 
any 3 of you whereof, you, Mich' Ewlin, being one, forthwith 
diligently to view & survey y e s 11 Ship in her Hull, Masts, Sails, 
Rigging, and other, her accoutrem' 3 , & also her Cargoe, & ex- 
amine y e Damages acrued to y e same by reason of y e storm af'd ; 
And a true Estimate or Valuatio 1 of y e s 11 Damages, to make ac- 
cording to y°best of your skill & Judgm 1 , & report y e same into 
this Court upon your respective Oaths or Solemn Affirmations, 
according to Law & Custom. 

Given under y e Seal of y e s fl Office of Vice Admiralty, at 
Philada, the fourteenth day of Nov. in y e 17 th y r of y c Reign of 
our Sovereign 1/ King George y a Second, Annoq Domini, 1743. 



"ROUGH DRAFT OF PRECEPT TO Y e PILOTS"— 1743. 

By the Honorable George Thomas, Esc/, Lieutenant Governoi and 
Commander-in-Chief of th° Province of Pennsylvania, and 
Counties of Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex en Delaware. 
Whereas, the Plague has, for sometime past, raged in several 
Places on the Mediterranean, and Vessels coming into the said 
Province and Counties, from those Parts, may bring in that 
contagious Distemper amongst us, to the indangering the 
Health and Lives of His Majesty's Subjects under my Govern- 
ment. These are strictly to charge and require the several 
Pilots belonging to any of the Ports within the said Province 
and Counties, that they make diligent Enquiry concerning the 
Health of the People on Board any Vessel coming upon the 
Coast and bound to any part of the said Province or Counties, 
and concerning the Health, State, and Condition of the Place 
from whence they come ; and if they find they come from any 
port in the Mediterranean, and that there is reason to suspect 
that they may bring with them the Plague, or any other in- 
fectious Distemper, every Pilot is hereby strictly forbid to go 
on board such vessel. Or if any Pilot or Pilots, being on board 
any vessel, shall discover that the same come from up the 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 247 

streights, or any port in the Mediterranean, or that there may 
be on board the Plague, or any other Infectious Distemper, 
such pilot or pilots are hereby strictly enjoined not to bring 

such Vessel within the distance of miles from 

the City of Philadelphia, but to bring her to an anchor at some 
remote and convenient Place, there to remain without suffer- 
ing any person, whatsoever, to come from or go on board the 
same until such Vessel shall have been visited by one or more 
able Physicians, & until a Certificate of the Health of the People 
on board the same shall have been by him or them signed and 
returned to me, or until my Leave be first obtained for that 
Purpose. And I do hereby order all Pilots who shall find 
themselves obstructed in the Execution of any part of the Duty 
hereby required of them by any owners, Masters, and Mariners 
of Vessels, to produce this, my Warrant, and to read or cause 
the same to be read, to all such as shall molest or disturb them. 
And all owners, Masters, and Mariners of Vessels, and all Pass- 
engers, are hereby strictly charged to be aiding and assisting 
to the Pilots, and to govern themselves according to these Pre- 
sents, as they will answer the contrary' at their Peril. 
Given under my Hand and seal at Arms, at Philadelphia, the 
. . day of February, in the seventeenth year of the Reign 
of our Sovereign Lord George the second, of Great Britain, &c a . 
King, Defender of Faith, Anno Domini, 1743. 



JOHN ALEXANDER TO W m PETERS. 

New York,, March 25'*, 1747-7 P. M. 
Sir: About half an hour ago, arrived here the Ship, Mary- 
land, from London, by which I have a letter from Ferdinando 
John Paris, of Nov. 15 th , who says, that at the request of Thomas 
Penn, Esq r , he sends to my care a packet for the Grov r of Penn- 
sylvania, & desires me, so soon as it comes to hand, to send it 
forward by a good express, and desires that I would write to 
you to pay for the express. He tells me it contains Instru- 
ments of Great concern to the Proprietarys' affairs, & parti- 
cularly, the probate of the will of Mr. John Penn, Deceased, 
which he proposes should be recorded at once in Pennsylvania, 
& afterwards sent to New Jersey to be recorded there. Says 
Thomas Penn would have wrote himself to you & me, but he 
was too much employed that he had not time by this opportu- 
nitv. 



248 PAPERS RELATING TO 

The Packet, I have sealed up in the paper it came in, and I 
have directed it to you that you may pay the express. 

March 26 th , 5 A. M. I had some Difficulty last night to en- 
gage an Express, but at Last have engaged the bearer, William 
Wood for five pounds, New York money— pieces of eight arc Ss. 
— a pieces French pistols, are 28 s. He waits for this. I am, 
Sir, 

V<mr most humble Serv' 

JN" ALEXANDER. 



■FORM FOR A FLAG OF TRUCE" GIVEN BY THE PRO- 
VINCIAL AUTHORITIES-1747. 

Philadelphia ss: 

By Ms Honour Anthony Palmer, Esquire, President of th* Pro- 
vince of Pennsylvania, cfr the Government of the Lower Counties 
of Newcastle, Kent, & Sussex, on Delaware. 
To all to whom these Presents shall come Greeting. 

Whkreas, I have authorized and appointed, as I doe by these 
Presents, authorize and appoint William Steward, Ca^ tain of 
the Brigantine William, to wear and go under a Flagg of Truce 
from this Port of Philadelphia to Petit, Gov 1 of Leozanne, in 
Hispaniola, in order to negotiate the Payments of some Ran- 
som money, due from some of the subjects ot his most Christian 
Majesty in Hispaniola to some Merchants, subjects of his Bri- 
tanick Majesty here, on the acquittal of y e Brigantine Samuel. 
These are, therefore, requiring all & Singular whom it may 
concern, to suffer the said Captain William Steward, w xh his said 
Brigantine, Crew, & Passengers, to pass freely and quietly 
Avithout any Lett, hindrance, or molestation, to the aforesaid 
City of Petit, Gov 1 of Leozanne, & back to this Port of Phila- 
delphia. 

Given under my Hand & Seal at Arms at Philadelphia afore- 
said, and this day of July, in the Twenty 

second year of his Majesties Reign, and in the year of our Lord 
1747. 



As Captain Steward carries Letters w lh him, w th relates to the 
negotiation of this affairs, I have at their Instance, granted 
him to wear a Flagg of Truce, and desire you will do him all 
the service in your power. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 249 

The Privateers of this Port have taken many French Priso- 
ners, but as they chose to put them ashore on some of the 
places, belonging to his most Christian Majesty, there are none 

w tb us, so that neither by Mr Roger to whom 

I deliver my answer to your Excellency's Letter, nor by this 
opportunity can we send any in return, for your late Instance 
of humanity in sending the English Prisoners here. I have the 
honour to be, with perfect Esteem, 

Your Excellency's. 



RICHARD PETERS, Jr., TO HIS FATHER. 



Liverpoole, 22" March, 1750. 
Hon 1 & Dear S r : Yours of the th Janry last I rec' 1 by the 
Prince William, Capt. Mitchel, this Post, & as the ship by 
which this L're goes is about to sail, I am obliged to be as ex- 
plicite as I can, tho' I cant avoid expressing the Concerns the 
harsh stile of the above L're gives me. You might have good 
Reason to be angry with me, was the Informa'n you rec' 1 from 
Capt. Stamper, True; but, on the contrary, I averr it that, to 
my knowledge, I never saw nor spoke to him in the course of 
my Life, nor did I hear of him or the shin in any Respect, or 
sir 1 not have omitted the opportunity of writing. If he hap- 
pened to say any Thing to me upon Change when my Thoughts 
were so engaged that I knew nothing w l I said or to whom I 
spoke, well & good; but I don't remember the least Circum- 
stance about it, & am almost so positive to the contrary that I 
co' 1 take a blind Oath of it. I wrote you by Capt. Slade that 
I had suffered the Recovery & levied the ffine at the last As- 
sizes, & tho' you may imagine I am not pleased at the Altera- 
tions you made in Mr. Gribson's Dr' of the Settlemt", I assure 
you, on the contrary, I am well pleased at them, & shall never 
take upon me to be otherwise at any Thing a Grentleman whom 
'tis my Duty to obey shall reasonably do. No, no; I am and 
ever will be willing to do all in my Power to extricate you out 
of y r Difficulties & out of y e State of Slavery you say your Debts 
have involved you in; & pray what have I ommitted that was 
in my Power to do that might be conducive to it, or w 1 unac- 
countable scheme (as you term it) have I been the Author of 
to frustrate your Designs, or prevent your having the expected 
supplies sooner. I was ready & willing to have joined Mr. Okil 



250 PAPERS RELATING TO 

in the Mortgage ; but he sais he was advised that he co 11 not 
safely, nor was he willing to, Mortgage under the L're of 
Att'ney you sent him, & therefore what co 11 I do solely. In- 
deed, rather than it sh d have been attended with any delay, I 
wo d have taken up the money on my own Moyety, but as that 
might be attended with great Inconveniences to myself ; if I 
sh' 1 have Occ'on to take up any Money, or give any Security 
thereupon, on Acct. of my wife's affairs, which are yet unsettled 
(tho' I hope they soon will be settled,) & as had I the money 
ready, there is no other way of remitting it you than by direct- 
ing you to draw for it, & by the same opportunity you may 
send over a proper Mortgage. I have, for the Benefit of all 
Parties, thought of & fixed it upon this ffoot, (if you are agree- 
able) that you may, by the first ship, send a Mortgage, or Con- 
veyance executed on the ffoot, & of the inclosed l)i ', which is the 
propper fform in this Case, wherein, if you think proper, as I 
can't possibly have Time before the ship sails, to fix on the 
Mortgage or the Person from whom I may have the Money, 
you may leave Blanks for the Mortgagee's Name, & send a 
L're of Att'ney or Authority to me, to supply them before I 
execute, or else if you don't think proper so to do, you may 
incert the name of Lady Aston, or Uncle Ja s Bayley, from one 
of whom I make no doubt of getting the £500 at any Time on 
reasonable notice, but least for the above Reasons, I sh' 1 not 
be able to give a security also of my Moyety, w ch I wo d other- 
wise freely do, & least a M 1 ' gee sh 1 think your Moyety only (as 
the whole estate stands charged with the £700 for the young r 
Children, too scanty a security. I wo' 1 rather advise you, & 
think 'twill be safest at all events, as you dout propose dispos- 
ing of the unsettled estate, if you have this money,) to send a 
Mortgage, also of the unsettled estate, to corroborate the se- 
curity, that we may have no Doubts or Hesitations, & I im- 
agine that upon those securities you may have more than £500, if 
you've Occ'on. However, if you send them & the L're of Att'y 
hereafter mentioned, by the first ship, I'll venture to say that by 
the same ship, or as soon as I receive them, you may draw on 
me for £500, payable 6 weeks after sight, wc h I make no Doubt 
of getting, to answer your Draughts on the above Terms. 

"With Regard to my receiving the whole Rent, as I can't en- 
dure to see the Estate in such Condition, I am willing & de- 
sirous to undertake the management of it. As to my Moiety, 
pray excuse me if I say I am determined it shall no longer con- 
tinue under such stewardship, & I begyou'l send Mr. Statham 
immediate Orders to quit his hands of it & deliver mePoss'ion. 
Upon any reasonable Terms, if it be agreeable, I'll acc't with 
you for a Movetv of the neat Proceeds of the settled. & the whole 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 251 

of the unsettled estate, after deducting the Interest of the 
money to be taken up on Mortgage, & my Brother & Sister's 
Maintenance Money, w cl1 1 beg you'l ascertain to w ch , when my 
affairs are settled, I'll endeavour to be a Contributor. So you'l 
please to send me a L're of Att ney to settle Acc ts with Mr. 
Stat ham, & to receive or pay the Ballance, in w cU you'l incert 
a Clause of Revocation to the sev 1 Letters of Att'ney given to 
him, & to pay the Interest Money. & I beg, you'l at the same 
time, allot something for Repairs, & I'll do the same, for all the 
Houses & Lands are in miserable order. & I am sorry to tell 
you, most of the Tenant's Cattle, at Platbridge, are dead of 
the raging Distemper, so that we may expect but little Rent 
from them, considering the allowances made James Unsworth 
last year & this, for marling. This dreadful Contagion lessens 
the value of Lands prodigiously, & sev rl Landlords, by means 
thereof, have their estates in y r Hands, w ch makes People more 
scrupulous of their securities. 

Mr. Gr. Okil desires me to acquaint you, & 1 imagine he'l write 
by this ship that he believes his affairs will call him shortly back 
to Philada, so that you'l not send any Thing for him to ex- 
ecute, least it sh' 1 meet with a Dissapointment, & he be gone. 
I hope you reC 1 my L're by Cap. Slade. I assure you I've 
wrote several else via Lon' 1 , & beg Leave to say once more I'm 
not in the least Culpable for any neglect in writing. My Agent, 
Mr. Ja s Parke, of Clement's Inn, paid Mr. M c Kay the 10 s. for 
the statutes, w ch we have not yet rec d from Mr. Statham, as he 
saishe'l not be r dy in advance for you, but he has given his 
note to Mr. Okil to pay it a Month when Rents come in. What- 
ever you send via Lon d you'l direct to the Care of Mr. Parke. 
I have sent your 5 s stps. & 23'" s 6 ls , the former for duplicates 
of the M r gage of the settled & the latter of the unsettled estate. 
It may do well now to mention that if you dont think fit to 
trust me with the management of your affairs & Rec : of your 
whole Rents, you must remember to allow me a certain Part 
of them to pay the Interest, as I imagine it will be insisted 
that I join or give a Bond for Payment of Mortgage Money and 
Performance of Covenants, that I may have no Difficulty of 
getting the Interest Money when I am called on, for the Plague 
I now have to get even the Rents or Poss'ion of my own Moyety 
is a sufficient warning for me to guard against such usage for 
the future; & I beg you'l without further delay, send mean 
order to enter into Poss'ion of my own Moyety, without my 
having further Trouble with him about it, for D. B. it's hard 
to see one who, let him say or profess what he will, is an utter 
enemy to me, be possessed of my Property, & what I can in no 
wise bear, while I've a Power of Redress. I was thinking to 



252 PAPERS RELATING TO 

mention to* you that the Houses in Redcross S l wo d sell well, 
and they are in miserable repair. I can have £300 for Rum- 
ball's, & if you are consenting, I've made a kind of Promise to 
a ifriend of mine, but not otherwise, for Disposall of it on those 
Terms, & I have got It surveyed by John Eyes, who thinks it 
a full Price, & the Rents of Houses are now dropping. 

I have at Length come to an agreement with Mr. Jno. Okil 
& Co., relating to their Term in the House, yards, & Part of 
my wife's estate, \v ch they are to quit this Time 12 Months, & 
if I sell any Ground for building on in the meantime, they are 
to quit immediately after sale. We propose, this spring, letting 
of & selling the Yard at Back of the House & fronting the new 
Dock, w ch , with some Houses we have now sold, we have the 
greatest Reason to believe will set us clear of all Incumb' or es, 
except old Jane Hurst's Jointure, for w* we must give some 
security, if we sell, & that's the Reason why I fear it might 
be bad for me to strip myself of being able, if Occasion sh d re- 
quire, of giving any security of my Moyety of the Estate. Her 
annuity is £15 p. Ann., & she's very old. When the above is 
completed we shall have the 3 Timber yards running south- 
wards from Mersey Street, the Bowling Green House, Meadow, 
& Rope Walk, Pluckington's Garden & 2 or 3 Small Houses taear 
the Bowling Green clear, & I believe or hope, Okil's House, be- 
sides w ch I hope will be a ffortune not to discredit the ffamily, 
especially if the value of Ground at that end of the Town in- 
increases or Continues ; & if it increases or continues anywhere, 
it must there. I thank God I have tolerable Business, & have 
a prospect of its continuing or mending, & had it not been so, 
w ch was more than I co d expect so soon, what must I have? I 
have an Inclin'on, by y r Leave, of Living in Rob s Cowley's 
House, (as he is dead,) & it lies near the exchange for Business, 
tho' can't too earnestly apply myself to it, unless my Constitu- 
tion Avas stronger. 

Mr. Blundell & Mr. Cunliffe have both been dangerously ill, 
but are upon the Recovery. Mr. Ogden is also very bad ; he is 
gone to Bath in a Seddan Chair, & not expected to recover. 

I don't know any more that's material at Present, but if you 
please to entrust me with the managme't of your affairs, you 
may depend on, as you've a Right to Command, my best en- 
deavours. I beg my best Duty & Respects to Uncle, & believe 
me to be, Hon d & D r S r , 

Your affect. & dutiful Son, 

R. PETERS. 

I have also sent a Bond of Performance, which you'l fill 
up as far as you can & execute 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 253 

SECRETARY PETERS TO THE PROPRIETARIES. 

Philada, 30"' March, 1751. 
Honour' d Proprietaries: 

1 write this at the Instance of J onali Thompson, a Publick 
Friend, who is, I suppose, well known to you, either in Person 
or by Character. He and his Brother in England are Grand- 
sons and Heirs-at-Law of the late Thomas Lawson, deceased, 
whose name you will see the last in the City List as an original 
Purchaser of 230 Acres, for which qauntity and Lot appurtenant 
thereto, and Liberty Land, Mr Thompson applied to the office, 
and desired a Warrant to take them up, as it was found that 
none had heretofore issued, on a careful search of the Books. I 
declined giving him the Warrant, since he had the Original 
Deeds, which I told him must be produced, the Descent proved 
before a AVarrant could issue. He said the Deeds, by a Family 
Tradition were said to be given to your Father, & that he en- 
gaged to take the Land up for Mr. Lawson, who was of his in- 
timate acquaintance, and as may you receive Satisfaction of this 
upon the spot, he desired my Letter to you, setting forth his ap- 
plication and Disappointment, for he expected to have found 
the Deeds here, and the Land well located. I have, therefore, 
taken the freedom to give you a relation of this matter, and 
pray your answer. If you shall please to order a Warrant it 
will be of great service to the Family, if you favour me with it 
before Mr. Thompson departs the Province, which I under- 
stand will not be till the latter End of Summer, for then he 
may see the Land located to the advantage of his Brother, as 
he thinks to give him his share of it. 
(Indorsed:) 

My letter to the Prop" in favour of the Heirs of Lawson. 



NICHOLAS SCULL TO RICHARD PETERS. 

PHiLAD a March 20"', 1752. 
Sir : I have search'd the office to know where John Reynolds 
Lot was laid out, and find that Nathaniel Brumley*s Lot was 
laid out to him between the ?' h & 8"' Streets, from Delaware, 
bounded Northward with High Street; Eastward, with the 
said Street from Delaware; Southward, with back Lots, and 



254 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Westward, with a Lot of John Reynolds. Return'd into the 
Secretary's Office, the 28 ,h of April, 1687. 

John Reynolds had his Lot laid out the same day, bounded 
Eastward, with Brumley's Lot, Southward with back Lots ; 
westward, with Vacant ground, and Northward, with High 
street. Return'd into the Secretary's Office, the 28 th day of 
April, 1687 

Daniel Smith's Lot was laid out the first day of April, 1686, 
bounded Northward, with High Street ; Eastward, with Brum- 
ley's; Southward, with back Lots, and Westward, with vacant 
Ground. Return'd into the Secretary's Office the first day of 
April, 1688. 

By these entries, both Smith & Reynolds, are said to joyn 
Brumley, which cannot be true, and must be a blunder of the 
Surveyor. And as Smith & Brumley's Lot are Patented to 
Branson, adjoining each other, it will not be worth while for 
the Representatives of Reynolds to contend with him, since 
the difference is next to nothing, whether the Lots be to the 
East or West of Smith. 

As to Branson's purchasing of Reynolds' Lot, there is noth- 
ing at all in it. 'Tis true, he has fenced it in, but never laid 
any manner of claim to it. 

The Marble colour'd book, you spoke to me about, is not yet 
bound, for I'm not satisfy'd That I have collected all the sur- 
veys that have been made for the Proprietary Family. Besides 
I would know before the book be bound, whether the Warrants 
for laying out Lands for the Proprietaries' use, are to be bound 
with the surveys. 

I know nothing of the Proprietor's having a draught of 
Edward Scull; But, the fact is, that upon taking a view of the 
two Vacancies in the Fork, I judged that they would appear 
better by taking from one, and adding to the other. And this 
Alteration is, I presume, what his Honour takes Notice of ; but 
he may be assured, that the quantities taken together, remain 
the same as*before. 

Having nearly finished a draught of the Countys of Philad", 
Bucks, Northampton, & Berks, I thought it might not be dis- 
agreeable to the Honourable the Proprietors, to see how far I 
had gone towards making a Map of the improv'd part of their 
Province, which I hope to live to complete, If I meet with 
proper Incouragement. I have therefore sent them a sketch 
of what I intend, in which the Townships, Rivers, & Creeks, 
are truly laid down. But I have not had time to lay down 
Country Towns, principal Highways, Churches, Meeting-houses 
Gentlemen seats, ft with their distances to Philad. , all which 
I intend to insert in the Map of the Province, in order to render 



] 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 255 

it as useful as possible. If their Honours should have any par- 
ticular directions with regard to that Map, I should be glad if 
they'd communicate them to you. 

NICH 3 SCULL. 
To Richard Peters, Esq r . 



W m PARSONS' OBSERVATIONS ON M r JACK'S 
SCHEME. 

28 March, 1752. 
Sir: Upon reading Mr. Jack's Letter concerning the method 
of running the part of the Circle about New Castle, & the other 
Lines to be run between the Provinces of Pennsylvania and 
Maryland, I beg leave to observe, That his method for running 
the Part of the Circle, seems to me to be the only method to be 
depended upon that I have yet heard proposed. His method of 
running the West Line, does not appear equally clear. It is 
true, the Articles do not regard the Circle made by that Line, 
whether it be a great or small one. And I can't see how a due 
East and West Line can be run in that Latitude, without its 
being part of a smaller Circle. The method proposed for tak- 
ing the true Meridian Line by the Quadrant, is, without doubt, 
true in Theory. But I am inclined to think the method which 
has been made use of here, by the help of a lighted Lanthorn 
& plummett, is less liable to Error. This method of ascertain- 
ing the Tangent Line up the Peninsula, is very ingenious, and 
contains a great :leal of Learning. Mr. Crew's method is less 
prolix, &, I believe, equally clear. 

Your ob l serv', 

W m PARSONS. 



THOMAS COOKSON TO THOMAS PENN. 

Lancaster, 8 th June, 1752. 
Honored Sir: On fixing the seat of the Town of Carlisle 
at Letort's spring, I furnished the Governor with a draught of 
the Lands purchased, to be transmitted to your Honour. I 
doubt not but most of them wou'd appear high rated, as indeed 
they are, which may render it necessary for me to mention the 
Reasons I purchased at such rates. After the Governor had 



I 



±^*±z ^trt feragra f^ ^z z^r^ 




256 PAPERS RELATING TO 

been well informed of the conveniences of the different situa- 
tions in the County of Cumberland proposed for a County 
Town, and had determined to fix it at Letort's spring, I then 
received my directions to purchase two or three Plantations 
upon the spring for the seat of the Town. Having survey' d 
two pretty good Tracts near it, for Timber, out Lots, or such 
other accommodations as you shou'd think fit to apply them, 
and accordingly, with all the Privacy and Dispatch imagin- 
able, I endeavoured to get the Purchases made before it was 
made publick. I took a Ride to the Place, and bought Patrick 
Davison's & William Davison's Plantations, which are very 
good ones, and the most convenient for the centre of the Town. 
I then bought James Gilcore's, and wanted the Plantation late 
Peter Wilkie's. When I enquired about that, I found that 
Peter Wilkie had made a Will, and had left that Plantation 
for the maintenance of his wife and children during her Wid- 
owhood, To be sold, neverthless, on her marriage. This put a 
stop for a time to our proceedings. I acquainted the Governor 
with the difficulties thrown in our way, and, on shewing him 
a Draught of the Lands purchased, and of the adjacent Plan- 
tations, He resolved not to proceed to fix the Town there unless 
this Tract of Wilkie's, that of John McClare's, and the others 
since purchased, could be got for your Honour, looking upon 
them as Plantations that in time, if in other Hands, wou'd in- 
terfere with the most advantageous part of your scheme, as he 
has found in his late Purchases about the Town of Lancaster, 
being obliged to give five times the money be might have had 
them for ten or twelve years ago. Upon this I immediately 
returned to Letort's to endeavour to make all the purchases 
thought necessary. The Widow Wilkie was about to marry, 
and I treated with the executors about the Price. These were 
very high, as were the others. I acquainted Mr. Peters with 
the large Demands made for these Plantations, as I imagined 
you wou'd think them very extravagant in that Part of the 
Country, but cheaper I cou'd not get them. The country were 
waiting for a Town to be laid out, and the Governor thought 
it would be for your Interest to have those Lands even at the 
rates they insisted on rather than leave them in their Posses- 
sions. Thus they were purchased as speedily and as cheap as 
was in my Power. I have now sent another copy of the 
Draught of those Lands, wherein I have marked the centre of 
the town and the names of the persons from whom the several 
Plantations were purchased, and the Prices. I have also noted 
a Part convenient for out Lots. I mentioned the Letting them 
on Leases for Lives, but the People at present settled there 
cou'd not be brought to think of any other tenure than a Fee 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 257 

simple, and were of the Rents first settled at Lancaster, viz : 
7s. Sterl. for 5 acres. However, they will think much to give 
above ten or twelve shills. Sterl. at the most. Mr. Peters, by 
me, promised the settlers Out Lots, but no Terms were agreed 
upon. I therefore desired M r Armstrong, the Deputy Surveyor 
there, to measure out 20 or 30 Out Lots, and to be very partic- 
ular in noting the Quality of each as to soil, Timber, &c\ and 
to send down the draught of them to Mr. Peters, that some 
mode of granting or letting them should be agreed upon, and 
the first adventurers ill; the Town accommodated, which will 
much encourage others. The Tavernkeepers in Town are kept 
easy at present, by having the meadow Ground on the Spring 
rented out amongst them The Town is improving as much as 
can well be expected, and I hope by the fall you will have a fur- 
ther agreeable account, altho' they are far short of the Town 
ot Reading, which has rose up most surprizingly. I am sorry 
we had not the Plan of the centre square in time. I think it a 
very beautiful one. But we could, none of us, hit upon it, and 
the Town having been long kept back, the Governor directed 
Mr. Scull to form the Plan upon your letter, as near your de- 
sign as he cou'd, which was done, and carried into execution. 
I have sent also copies of the Draughts of the other surveys 
made for your Family on the West side Sasquehannah. The 
Settlement of Marsh creek, to be surveyed into a manor called 
Maske,is filled with a set of People, of the same Temper and Prin- 
ciples with the first settlers of it, who are mostly removed, and 
who had opposed the surveying that Land for the use of j our 
Family. The Secretary and Surveyor General, with some Mag- 
istrates, were up to attempt it, but in vain. During the late 
War, and since, the Province has been in Broils, and the Peo- 
ple readier to join with such Rioters than to assist the Officers 
of Justice to suppress them, for that whole settlement has been 
brought in at the time of an election with the popular cry, and 
no one wou'd or durst totich them, tho" outLawries against 
some of them. Therefore, I think it will be better to wait for 
a more favourable opportunity in such extraordinary cases as 
these, when there may be a better Prospect of carrying into 
execution any design of either removing or laying Terms on 
them. The Town of York is well improved, several good Houses 
nf Brick or stone built within these two years. I shall take an 
account from Mr. Stevenson of the present state of it, and trans, 
mit it, with the Plan, by the next oxiportunity. Mr. Lardner 
mentioned to me your inclination to ease him of the trouble 
of receiving your Quit Rents in the Counties of York and Cum- 
berland, and that you should be willing that I should receive 
17— Vol. VII. 



258 PAPERS RELATING TO 

those Rents, and yearly account to him or the Receiver General 
for the time being. I desired him to return your Honour my 
Thanks for his confidence and good opinon, and that I should 
undertake anything within my capacity for your service when 
he shall think fit to put me into some method for entring upon 
the Business. There's a good deal of arrears of Rent due in 
York. The Terms the Lots were taken up first were to have 
'em two years' Rent free. I must also beg leave to return my 
thanks for the honour you did me in naming me one of your 
commissioners for running the Lines. I should be well pleased 
to have been serviceable on the occasion. 
I am, Hon d Sir, 
y r Honour's 

most obed' Serv', 

THO. COOKSON. 
The Hon hle Tho. Penn, Esq r . 



JOHN WATSON TO RICHARD PETERS. 

Decemb r 2Q th , 1753. 

Best Friend : Upon receipt of thine of the 7 th of the last In- 
stant, by the hand of Michael Messer, I went directly up the 
Messer's, & had him and Kulp together, and could learn no 
Cause for Kulp's taking a warrant for the Land for which 
Messer had obtained a warrant before, other than an entire 
Disbelief in Kulp that Messer had any warrant, which seems 
the Effect of Lying — That most predominant vice amongst the 
Germans, which obtains to that Degree they cannot believe 
each other; however, as Messer's was the prior Grant, am 
clearly of opinion he ought to have the Land, & shall return it 
to him accordingly. 

There was one Shoup & David Means here about a former 
survey of a piece of Land to Kulp, for which they pretend no 
prior Grant, only that Means intended to have got it surveyed 
& return'd upon the warrant in virtue whereof his other Land 
was surveyed, and that they have an Improvement upon the 
Land survey 'd to Kulp. 

If persons, after they have had one survey regularly made, 
the Lines fairlv markt, and Corners set up, in virtue of the 
warrant to them granted, shall be permitted, when another 
has obtained a warrant for an adjoining vacancy, to claim such 
vacancy, & hinder the other of his right of Survey, agreeable 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 259 

to his warrant, by barely saying they intended to include such 
vacancy in their survey, I am of opinion none will be foolish 
enough hereafter to take a warrant for a Vacancy contiguous 
to another man's Land, until he has such man's consent, and 
which he may never expect to have, for I think most men have 
wit enough & honesty little enough to spare their own Timber 
whilst the proprietors have any at hand. 

It is true Means or Shoup cleared about 17 s of the piece of 
Land surveyed to Kulp, but I hope I shall always be able to 
distinguish between a person's building an house and making 
a plantation on the prop" vacant Land, which I call an Im- 
provement, and another's clearing part of a vacancy adjoining 
his own Land, in order to till it, carry the produce off it, & 
thereby impoverished it, which I call tresspassing. Upon the 
whole, as Means' Survey was compleated pursuant to his war- 
rant and Kulp had obtained a warrant & Survey upon the 
adjoining vacancy, I am of opinion Kulp ought to have the 
Land, but I willingly submit it to the better Judges, and had 
never trouble thee with a Line about any of them, had it not 
been requested. 

By Messer I also received a copy of a caveat,entred by Rich- 
ard London ag st the return of a survey to be made to Abraham 
Goodwin of a piece of Land surveyed to him in Noccamixon 
Township, in which it is alledged that Goodwin's survey was 
made in Right of Clark Barton, on a place not mentioned in 
Barton's Warrant, & interfers with said Richard London. 

It seems hard that any poor man should be compelled to 
travel 40 miles in winter to answer such a caveat, altho' the 
Liberty granted people of disputing their claims to Lands in 
that way, I think strictly j list and a great Favour. 

Goodwin's survey was not made in Right of Clark Barton, 
nor of any other Barton, nor upon any other Land than what 
the warrant mentioned. Neither is there one inch of cleared 
Ground upon it. How it happens to interfere with London I 
am ignorant. Goodwin's survey was made sometime before 
London obtained any warrant to survey anywhere ; and yet I 
think it must beadowed London and his Brother in .Lams have 
got some thousands of staves off this Land, and may be desirous 
of delaying Goodwin's return for Time to get more, and herein 
Goodwin's survey may interfere with London. 

What I have offered has been upon the Confidence thee has 
been pleased to place in me, (which I hope never to abuse, ) and 
if it may be sufficient to save Goodwin the journey to Philad", 
it will be considered as a Favour, otherwise it would oblige 
him to know when he might attend to dispute this Caveat. I 
expect to see him in a few days. 



260 PAPERS RELATING TO 

The affair of Durham Road & the County Line is at Length 
oompleated. Both were surveyed long since, and the Returns 
delayed, as I thought it would look like using a person a little 
too meanly to whom I owed the highest obligations not to do 
more for him than I was requested. I, therefore, long waited 
an opportunity to make surveys of some of the most consider- 
able Roads in Our part of the Country, in order to send with 
them, of which I have yet been unaccountably prevented; yet 
if it is agreeable to thee shall not fail to do it. I realy very 
much blame myself for the delay this affair has suffered, & 
seriously profess (tho' little Reason there is to believe it -1 what 
ever else has delayed thy Business, it has not been any Indis- 
position in me to serve thee. 

I have by me the Return of a Road carefully Laid out from 
Large's pond, near Geo. Hughes, by Justice Butler's Mill, to 
the County Line, a road now much used. If it be acceptable, 
will send it by the next oppo Y . 

But whilst I am endeavouring to attone for one error I fear 
I am sliding into another. Please to forgive the Trouble of 
this long epistle, and my Tedious (p'haps useless) notes upon 
the County Line, for as I was unable to say which was to thy 
purpose have sent most that I had, & 
Am, with all Good wishes, 

thy real friend, 

JOHN WATSON, Jun r . 



CONARD WEISER TO RICHARD PETERS. 

Heidelberg, in the County of Bercks. 

/September 13, 1754. 
Mr. peters: 

Sir : By this few lines I let you know that I am safe arrived 
from Achwick yesterday. I need not repeat anything here of 
my Transactions there, because you will have an opportunity 
to see my Journal herewith sent, See M. p. 403, to his Honour 
the Governor I am well pleased with the Journey, though it 
is further than I thought it was, the way I went through Shir- 
man's Valley and And w Montour's house. I made it 130 miles 
going round by the great Hill this side Achwick, otherways 
15 miles less. 

I must say some thing to you about And w M., not to ridicule 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 201 

him, but to Inform you how to act with him. In the first place 
when he meet me at John Harris', he called for so much punch 
that himself, the half King & other Indians got drunk, the 
sa ne at Tobias Hendricks. I bought 2 quarts of Rum there to 
use on our Journey, but he drunk most all the first day; lie 
abused me very much, Cursed Si swore and, asked pardon when 
he got sober,did the same again when was drunk, again damned 
me more than hundred times, so he did the Governor & Mr. 
peters, for not paying him for his trouble & Expences. He is 
vexed at the new purchase. Told me I cheated the Indians. 
He says he will now kill any white men that will pretend to 
settle on his Creek, and that the Governor and Mr. peters told 
him so much, saying he was a Warrior— how he could suffer the 
Irish to encroach upon him— he would now act according to 
advice, and kill some of them. I reprimanded him when sober. 
He begged pardon, desired me not to mention it to yon, but 
did the same again at another drunken frolick. I left him 
drunk at Ackwick, on one legg he had a stocking and no shoe, 
on the other a shoe and no stocking. From 6 of the Clock till 
past nine I begged him to go with me ; but to no purpose. He 
swore terrible when he saw me mount my horse. I went that 
day over Tuscaroro Hill to Jacob piast's, in a very great rain, 
(the 3' 1 last past,) and over Kititany Hill, the next day to James 
Dunning. On the 10"', on Oof the Clock in the morning I came 
to Carlisle, light at Will" 1 Buhanons, where I found And" M. 
He wellcomed me with shaking hands, Called me a one side. 
Asked pardon for offence given. He was arrived there the 
day before. He never stopt at his own house but for an Hour 
for fear of failing in meeting me. He is now gone to Virginia. 
He was scare of pocket money. I paid him forty shillings for 
his trouble in this last service, and took his receipt, in order 
to save the Governor trouble. Notwithstanding what I said 
here I don't take him to be in himself an 111 natured fellow, but 
it is rather a habit he took from the Indians and Indian traders. 
He is always Extreemly good natured to me when he is sober, 
and allways will act according to my advise. I desire you will 
take no notice of this letter, without it be to Governor Hamil- 
ton. 

Mr. Croghan was exceedingly kind to me, and signified a 
deal of satisfaction to me, in my Coming up, and my transac- 
tion with the Indians. I hope he signified the same to you in 
his letter herewith sent. 

I must put you in mind of my account against the County of 
Bercks. Item the two patents, daniel Benezet is to pay for 
George Kapus. The receipt of Mr. Croghan, I Belief I should 
have again. 



262 PAPERS RELATING TO 

As soon as Samy comes home, I must fullfill my promise to 
the Sheckelimys, in Building them a sort of a house at Shomo- 
kin. I must be present myself, and Can not help. I have ben to 
rash in promising to be present, at the same time, the mile from 
George Gabriel's Creek can be run up the river, and the Corner 
of the purchased land made. The people have allready gone 
over the lines, and gave great offence to the Indians who drove 
them off again. 

I hear Mr. Armstrong is Continually surveying in the new 
purchase, but for who I cannot tell. Be pleased to let me 
know whether there is any news from the new governor. To 
conclude, I assure you the Indians at Achwick are our good 
friends, and will be advised by pensilvania. 
I am, Sir, 

Your humble Servant, 

CONRAD WEISER. 



GEORGE STEVENSON TO RICHARD PETERS. 

York, 26'" Octob\ 1754. 

D r S r : I now sit down to answer y r repeated Letters about 
York Town, the Lands adjacent, the mannor of Maske, &c a 
which I should have done long since, if my other business had 
not frequently interrupted me, whilst I was making the 
Draught of the Town, which herewith I send you. 

The Tract of Land, whereon the Town stands, contains 437i a \ 
or near 412 as , & allowa. On the first of Octob r , 1749, (The Time I 
came to York,; The Town consisted of 63 dwelling-houses, of 
wood, all built in High-Street & Water-Street, (except two), 
about 10 of which were not finished, and also a Lutheran & a 
Calvinist Church. As the Town was then chiefly inhabited with 
Germans, (as indeed, it now is, ) there was but one Room, with a 
fire Place or Hearth in it, in the whole Town. All the Houses 
in Town were accommodated with Dutch Stoves. The Town 
now consists of 210 Dwelling-Houses, near 30 of w oh a,re unfin- 
ished, & only 3 are built of bricks, and 2 of Stones. Of the rest, 
some are of Logs & some Fram'd beside the Court-House, of 
Brick, not finished, and the Prison, of Stone. The Lots on the 
East side of the Creek, in number 324 were laid out by M r Cook- 
son, before I came here. Houses are built on the Lots numbered 
in the Draft with red Ink. The black numbers are vacant. The 
sum of the red numbers in the Plan, is not equal to the number 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 263 

of Dwelling-Houses, because, on many of the Lois in High 
Street, & some in Water Street, are two Dwelling Houses. The 
Inhabitants choosing these Places at a dear Rate rather than 
take up vacant Lots, because there is, as yet, very little Trade 
in the other streets, or even in High Street, to the Eastward 
of Duke-Street. 

From an actual Survey of the Ground on the West side of 
the Creek, I have drawn in the Plan, 100 Lots, of the like Figure 
& Quantity of those on the East, but have not actually marked 
them out on the Land, which is all the ground, in my opinion, 
fit for Lots on that side the Creek. The Land described on the 
Plan, between the crooked dotted Line & the Creek, is low, 
wet Ground in the driest season. Greatest part of it, is quite 
a swamp in wet Weather, and at the breaking up of the Frost, 
and at other times when there are heavy Rains, the Creek over- 
flows great part of it, especially, that North of the Bridge. 
Part of the Road thr° it is a wooden causeway. For the fore- 
going natural Reasons,' lis unfit to built on, but if it were 
clear'd, well ditch' d, & drain'd, it would make good Meadow. 
The Land North of the 100 Lots is broken, wh h a swampy valley, 
and if it were not so, the Country North of it, is hilly, stony 
Ground ; not thick inhabited, but little Resort to Town from y' 
Quarter, and consequently, little Trade; &, therefore, I think 
Lots would not be taken up there, in this age, if they were laid 
out. The Triangle, south of the 100 Lots, is good, level Land ; 
but as the southward Inhabitants either come into town on the 
East side of the Creek, or come to the great Road, some Dist. 
West of the Town, there is not like to be any trade there, at 
least, in a short Time. And, indeed, I see but little probabilty 
of settling the Lots in Queen Street & south of Prince Street, 
on the East side of the Creek. The Inhabitants have neither 
Meadow nor Pasture, but buy all their Hay, and are obliged 
to stable their own Horses, as well as those of Travellers, all 
summer, w ch is doubtless a great Damage to the Town. They 
complain of this much, and say that M r Cookson, when he laid 
out the Town, promised them out-Lots for these uses. Upon 
the whole, I'm of opinion, 'tis best to lay out all the ground, 
which, on this plan, appears to be vacant, (except the narrow 
Piece East of Queen Street,; in Out-Lots, and grant them to 
the Inhabitants for Pastures & Meadow, at the best Ground- 
Rent that can be got, leaving proper streets or Lanes. 

The Timber of the Town Land was all destroy'd before I came 
here; the Inhabitants, ever since have bought all their Timber 
for budding & Firewood, very dear, of the adjacent Farmers, 
which is very discouraging to poor settlers, and few Hich People 
settle here. 



264 PAPERS RELATING TO 

As I am certain the vacant ground within the Town Land, 
according to ray Plan, if it were granted for Out-Lots, is not 
sufficient to accommodate the Inhabitants, would it not be for 
the Interest of the Proprietaries (as well as for the good of the 
People) to purchase some of the adjacent Plantations for that 
Purpose, especially that of Harmanus Bott, Quantity about 
200 ac , the N° 65 W. Line of which extends 100 pch 9 farther than is 
laid down in ray Plan, and that of Bartholomew Maul, Quan- 
tity, about 90 ac , which surrounds the N. E. Corner of the Town 
Land, & is so near the Lots. I'm inform'd they will sell as soon 
as they can, and I think cheaper now than they would have 
done two years ago. West of and contiguous to the town Land, 
Harmanus Bott has laid out some lots, which I have also de- 
scribed on my Plan , four Houses are already built there. I'm 
told he lets them at 7 per Ster. p. Annum, and therefore I think 
tis now Time to grant the Lots West of the Creek, & high Time 
to buy out Bott. I would have advised to have laid out the 
Lots on the West side of the Creek two years ago, but that I 
thought it best to defer it longer, expecting the People would 
have taken up the Lots South of Prince Street , but as I have 
now little Hopes of that, and find the People incline to settle 
on the, Road, in the West side the Creek, yea, West of the Limits 
of the Town, I conclude 'tis expedient to grant that side soon. 
As to the Terms, those Lots on High Street are much the best, 
& therefore they ought to pay the highest Rent, & I think the 
most advantagious Method will be to reserve no Lots for the 
Hon ble the Proprietaries, because every Man will be found to 
have what he thinks the best, & the People will generally be- 
lieve the Reserves to be the best ; therefore let him that will 
give the highest Rent have the Lot upon condition that he 
built a stone or Brick Dwelling-House on the same, two stories 
high, twenty leet square, at least, within two years after his 
application and either taking Bond & Security for the perfor- 
mance of the Conditions, or granting Patents on these Condi- 
tions immediately; and as the back Lots will fill with Mecha- 
nicks & the Poorer sort of People, let them at less Rent, & 
suffer them to build such Houses as they can. 

Two Fairs in the Year, viz : one the 17 ,h day of March, for sell- 
ing & buying of Plough-Horses, Milch Cows, &c a ; another the 
second Tuesday of November (to avoid the Courts), for selling 
Beef Cattle, Butter, Cheese, Winter Milch Cows, Bacon, Hogs, 
Pork, &c\ would be of great use both to Town & Country. 
Two Market-Days in the Week, viz : Wednesdays & Saturdays, 
for selling & buying daily Provisions, would prevent Imposi- 
tions from Butchers, & Stop the Germans from their beloved 
Practice of buying & selling on Sundays, which I'm Satisfied 
they eontiunally do, tho' 'tis not easilv detected. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 265 

A Clerk of the Market, commissioned by the Governor, would 
regulate AVeights & Measures, & prevent daily abuses of this sort. 

A Corporation & Burgesses is not necessary. I need not offer 
one of the many Reasons which occur to me against it, because 
1 do not know one good Reason for it. 

So much for York Town. There are several Plantations 
within seven miles of York Town, for which the Inhabitants 
have neither Grant nor Warrant. Some of them I have sur- 
vey 'd for the use of the Hon 1 * the Proprietaries, to be holden by 
the Tenants on such Terms and Conditions as the pp'taries shall 
be pleased hereafter to limit and appoint. I design to survey 
the Rest as the People apply They often ask me if I know the 
pp'taries Terms, and I find they all expect to purchase at some 
Rate. 

I think it imprudent to say any thing to them about Terms 
till all are survey 'd, which I think will be in about a Year. 

There are several little Improvements made within seven 
Miles of York Town since York County was erected. As often 
as I have received Intelligence of such Improvements I have 
forbid the Settlers, but few of them mind me. I believe the 
best way will be either to disposess them by the Sheriffs and 
two Justices, in pursuance of the Act againt forceable Entry, 
&c a , or otherwise to give them short Leases, on reasonable Back 
rents, with proper reserves, which they shall chuse. 1 know of 
no other way to keep them from wasting the Timbe:. 

Some Persons here have grants for larger Quantitys of Land 
than can be found where they are seated, as for example : A. 
B. has a Grant for 250 ac , but when his Land is survey'd there is 
found but 200 ac . A. B. then requests me, as surveyor, to survey 
for him 50 ao more of vacant Land, within seven Miles of York- 
Town, where no Person claims, in pursuance of his Grant. 
Quare, ought I to do it or not? I never have done any act of 
the sort, but there are four or five cases of the sort now before 
me, which I have put of till I have your Answer. I shall only 
add, that all the valuable Land, within seven Miles of York 
Town, was settled long before I came here. So much for the 
Lands within seven Miles of York-Town. 

As to the Mannor of Maske, I cannot as yet make any toler- 
able Draught of it. First, because I know not where the Tree 
mark'd J. P., T. P. & R. P. did stand. That is, I do not know 
the course and Distance from it to any known natural Boun- 
dary nor the Courses and distances of Carrol's Tract ; and if I 
were to ask Information of any of the Inhabitants, they would 
immediately suspect my Intentions, & probably use me ill, or 
brake some of my Instruments, as they did to you and Mr. 
Parsons formerly, and to Mr. Armor lately of w ch last case I 



266 PAPERS RELATING TO 

have written to you at large, in my Letter of the 22 nd Inst., in 
answer to y e to M r . Armor about Thomas McClure, &c a . 

Secondly, I imagine you & I have different sentiments about 
the Right of Carrol's Tract. By y r directing me to draught the 
Mannor by the Lines of it, I presume you take it for granted 
the inhabitants have an undoubted Title, in pursuance of the 
Agreement between the two Proprietaries, the Royal order, 
&c a , and I am of the contrary sentiment. First, because the 
Land was inhabited by Pennsylvanians before it was surve\ "d 
by Mr. Carrol even. Capt. Hans, an old Swede (one of the 
Witnesses for M r Penn before y e Commissioners impowered by 
the late Lord Chancellor for taking Depositions that cause) 
lived then, and long before that Time, on the principal Planta- 
tion in that Tract, and the warrant, which the Proprietor be- 
stowed him in consideration of his traveling charges, he caused 
to be executed on the same Plantation, but, by some means, 
was afterwards fool'd out of it. Secondly, because M r Carrol's 
Tract was not survey' d till after the running of the Temporary 
Line, if my Information be truth. Now, if my Information be 
Truth, which I'm told there are Witnesses enough to prove, 
and if M r Carroll's Maryland Title be good notwithstanding, 
may not M r Carroll as well come now with a Maryland Warrant 
and survey any land in Pennsylvania and have a good Title t<> 
it. But the Inhabitants of that Tract say that M r Carroll has 
a Pennsylvania Right for it. If so, no doubt his Title is good 
but I doubt the Truth of that saying. 

If it will suit to begin the Draught of the Mannor where the 
Temporary Line intersect Rock Creek, thence by the several 
Courses of s' 1 Creek to the Head thereof, or to some known Place 
near its Head Thence, North to Cumberland County Line, and 
therewith, & with the Temporary Line to the Place of Begin? 
including Carroll's Tract, I will collect my surveys of the ad- 
jacent Land, observations, &c a , and do my best to make you a 
Draught thereof next Vacation. If not, I must defer it till I 
can get more Information. 

I'm sorry I must trouble you with so many and such long 
Letters, but I do not know how to avoid it. I shall be glad to 
see y r Answer to my several late Letters when you have Leisure, 
especially that from Lancaster. Those of my Family who have 
been sick are recovering. My wife & Miss Hannah are well, and 
join in Compliments to you. 
I am, 
D r S\ 

Your most obedient, 
H hlc Serv', 

CEO. STEVENSON. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 267 



ABRAHAM ALLEE TO RICHARD PETERS. 

Duck Creek, July y e 30'*, 1755. 
Sir : I take this opportunity to Write these few Lines to you, 
to Let you know that I am Like to Enter Into a Letegenst 
Lawsute, a bout some Land Which Was taken ui> by one Wil- 
liam Berry, by a Warrant out of the Office, and Located on 
the Spot Whare he Laid it, which was Laid in the year Eighty 
one. The said Berry, was an English man ; Came in order to 
settle the Country, but took some Dislike, and sould it to one 
Francis Whitwood, who, for farder Comfarmation to secour 
the Land, got a pat tin ; Sould the said Land to francis Richard- 
son ; some of the airs Living now at Philadelphia, Silver Smiths, 
by trade. The said Richardson sould the Land to my father, 
Whereon he a meediately settled ; Nevor in his Lifetime Got 
one foot of it Survaid to know how it Laid ; bought two Large 
tracks of Land one named AVoodstock bower, by pattin, and 
the other, Eslinton. and left the same amongust the severill 
heirs of his children. As after his Discease, Got a Survayer to 
Run out the Land. Woodstock Bower Wanted Messhar, Eslin- 
ton had overplust. So we Reconed as one lost, the other got. 
We was Prety Well of this was Done in y e year 1719, and takes 
away a slipe, about four or five acres of the Tomsons's planta- 
tion, Winch they very Readly Sorendered, becaus ours was 
the ouldest Survay, and has been in our possession ever sence. 
Some time a gone, some Body told them we had not Run acord- 
ing to our pattin, which was very true. The pattin Directs to 
wrun a cross Ironsis branch which, we did not, but Run to 
Ironsis branch, and then up the said Branch, according to the 
Directions of the pattin. But as I had shou'd the pattin to 
severil people, the Directions is Certin a Cross Ironsis branch, 
Which is very well known to be Ironses branch, by severill of 
the Nabours. The tomson's Came to me about two months a 
go, and Insisted of me to Let the pattin Land be Run out, and 
the Would Gift William Killin to Wrun it. They exspected 
Wrunning A cross Ironses branch. It would not run so far up, 
and promised me that if I Would Let them have y e patten to 
run it by, they said, if it took every foot of their plantation, I 
should have it and welcome, which they Bound With a Solom 
outh. Which I Counsulted my brother Jacob allis, Who hold 
most of that pattin Land, and Consented to and Wrun the 
Land, and took away foiirty or fifty acres more than evor. 
As soon as they found that having no regard to thare promise, 



268 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Run a Way to Philadelphia to M r Chew, and ingageths him 
With a fee, with an Intent to go to Law, as apprehend now 
their Clame is by a Warrent of John Hillards, Granted to him 
in the year Eighty, and never was Laid 'til the year eighty 
four, and farder done, but so without Pattin or anything. We 
find a List of about nfteent or twenty Warrant taken out about 
that time by John Hillyard,and this Warrant that the tomson's 
houlds their Land by, was Laid, part of it, within this pattin 
of ours. Some people's opinions is, that Mr. Chew will give 
his opinion that the ouldest Warrant will take place. If that 
be the Case, it will Cause the Greatest Counfusion as evor was 
know in Kent County, for severil of thes Warrants camot be 
found that ever they was Laid yet. And by the same reason, if 
he has Right to Delay his Warrant four years, & take away 
pattin Land, he has a Right to Delay seventy four, and take 
away the most Valliabest tracks of land in the County. When 
Mr. Chew Came Down to our Court, thetomsons' Insisted that 
I should go with them. Accordingly I did, and I offered them 
that I would leave it to Mr. Chew's Judgment to Judge, as an 
Indifferent person between us, to take an Equal fee a bouth 
Sides. Mr. Chew made answer, and said it was very fair, he 
would do so, if they would agree to it, but they would not. 
And as for the over plush of the Land, we suppose thare is 
some Eslinton Cauls for 360 acres, but Mr. Rilling Recons thare 
is pretty Near 600 acres. But they have Laid it within the pat- 
tin of Woodstock Bower, about 150 acres. But, never the less> 
if there be any over plush, the heirs of the Allee's are Willing 
to pay the quit rents, as useal. My father has paid a matter 
of 400 Bushels of Wheat to James Steel, and would a paid all a 
Long, only for a Clame of my Lord Boultimoore, who pertened 
to take away the thee Lower Counties. 

I Beg leave to say a few words more. If this be the Case, 
the ouldest Warrants shall take place, no Body would be safe 
In laying a Warrant till all Hillyards is laid, "Which the Coun- 
ties might be on settled to this Day on this accompt. Which I 
Beg of you to show this to Mr. Chew. I had not time Reason 
with him at our Court, he was so Ingaged. Which is all at 
present, but Remain your Bedient Servant to Command. 

ABRAHAM ALLEE. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 269 



CONRAD WEISER TO GOVERNOR DENNY. 

Reading, JVov br the 24, 1750. 
Honoured Sir : Last night I arrived here much fatigued 
both in mind and body. These irregular people I had to deal 
with have tired me sufficiently. I wish I could be quite free 
from any Business relating to Indian affairs. I have inclosed, 
send your Honour a Copy of my proceedings, of which I hope 
you will approve, and, if judged proper, to lay it before the 
Commissioners, that they may see the reason why I bought 
the Horse and gun. Lieutenant Engel is not at all inclinable 
to throw up his Commission. He got an English Clerk to write 
a petition for him to your Honour, and by mistake, or other- 
ways, the words were chanced. I must beg that your Honour 
will Continue him ; he is a good officer, in my Judgement. I 
hurried my son Samuel down to get pay for meself and my 
Company from the Gentlemen, the Commissioners, before all 
the money is expended again. I pray that your Honour will 
see the field Officers' Salary now Setled and paid. I am, Hon- 
oured Sir, 

Your very obedient & h bl Servant, 

CONRAD WEISER. 



ROLL OF CAPT. JOHN POTTER'S COMPANY, 1757—8. 

[See Penna. Archives, (2d series.) Vol. iv. ] 

Blackburn, John, McCombe, William, 

Brown, George, McDonell, Alexander, 

Mulafin, Joshua, McFaul, Michael, 

Burchill, Daniel, McGlaghlin, Henry, 

Burgess, Nathaniel, McKinney, Henry, 

Carmichael, Daniel, McKinney, William, 

Crof, Peter, Moak, Oonrad, 

Crow, William, Money, John, 

Curry, John, Morrison, James, 

Davis, Elias, Nelson, Joseph, 

Eaker, Solomon, Patterson, William, 

Evan?, William, Peddan, ErastusR., 

Finley, William, Purcil, Richard, 

Fiste, Michael, Ramsey, John, 



270 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



Freeman, James, 
Fuchs, [Fox,] Baker, 
Gallagher, William, 
Ganes, Edward, 
Gillespy John, 
Gormanchon, Francis, 
Hayes, James, 
Harbridge, Edward, 
Hegney, Henry, 
Howe, Thomas, 
Jackson, James, 
Leith, Alexander, 
Lindsay, John, 
Lyon, Thomas, 
McCaney, Francis, 



Robinson, William, 
Rorbrough, Adam, 
Smith, Alexander, 
Smith, John, 
Smith, John, sen r , 
Thompson, James, 
Verner, Ludowick, 
Wache, Paul, 
Ward, John, 
Williams, John, 
Wilkins, James, 
Wilson, John, 
Withnal, William, 
Wright, Joseph, 
Young, James. 



LEWIS GORDON TO RICHARD PETERS. 



E aston, March 18'\ 1758. 

Respected Sir : I rece'd your Favour relating to the Road 
yesterday, and was much surprised it should be reported that 
I had any Hand in it. But at last, with some difficulty, I called 
to mind something of it. It happened thus: Some person (I 
can't yet learn who it was) came into a Company at Mr. Scull's, 
where I was engaged in Business, and, putting on a poor Face, 
begged Mr. Scull to draw him a Petition for a Road. Mr. 
Scull, at the importunity of the Person, condescended to do it, 
but seemed much at a Loss how to frame it, not being ac- 
quainted with the form, and the Company, observing his un- 
easiness entreated me to run it over for the man, whom we 
could by no other means get clear of. Upon which I, being 
entirely ingorant of the Petitioner's Design, not considering 
any Thing either of the Course or consequence of the Road, in 
the greatest hurry run it over from the Man's mouth without 
any fee, or ever soliciting it in Court or hearing any more of 
the matter. It made so little impression on my mind that I 
could not be satisfied that I had done it until I saw it. 

I just now hear that the Jury are all agreed, anil that the 
chief part of the Bench will favour it. I will oppose it with all 
my might and, get a Review, if possible, at least from Jones's 
Mill, and endeavour to bring thf Road from thence to this 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 271 

Town instead of carrying it to Mr. Anderson's. But, lest I 
should fail in this, I have inclosed a Copy of the Record of the 
Petition & order in order that you may send me up a Certiorari 
to remove it. I am the more solicitous ab l this writ from last 
night's Conversation with Mr. Henderson, who loudly tie- 
claimed ag l the Practice of Reviews, declaring them to be only 
matter of mere Discretion & Grace, and of late usage, & this in 
the presence of Yost Hullert, who is Jones's right hand man. 
I believe I could have prevailed with the People in Town to 
have deiray'd this expense, had it not been owing to Mr. Hen- 
derson's unseasonable discourses upon tliis subject, saying that 
the Chief Justice would never hear any Thing on a Certiorari 
of this nature, but where fraud appear'd in the Jury. I am, 
Sir 

Your most humble Ser', 

LEWIS GORDON. 
To Richard Peters, Esq r . 



JOHN BIDDLE TO WILLIAM LOGAN. 

Philadelphia, 23 d June, 1758. 

Esteemed Friend Will™ Logan : In the year 1752 I bought 
a Right to Two City Lotts, & Liberty Lands, pertinent to the 
Original purchase of 2875 acres from the Heirs of John Simcocks, 
For which I obtain d a Warrant from Mr. Richard Peters, di- 
recting Nicholas Scull to survey the said Lotts & Liberty Land. 
Nicholas Scull shew me where the Lott lay that fell to me by 
alotment, in Front street, & say'd it was survey'd by Virtue of 
another right to a Person who had made earlyer application 
than I had. I ask'd him if I could have a Lott on some other 
place on that street? He said there was not one vacant Lott 
left, but that some Person, who had been under the same Cir- 
cumstance as me, by applying to the Proprietors, had been 
alowd' a Lott in high street, in Lieu of their Lott in Front 
street. As it apear'd very reasonable & just, I applyd to Mr. 
Peters for a Warrant to have a Lott in high street, in Lieu of 
that in Front street. He was pleased to tell me he would first 
acquaint the Proprietors, & that he would mention it to them 
in his Letter he was then just about writing. 

About 8 or 10 months after, to my great satisfaction. Mr. 
Peters shew me a Paragraph in the Proprietors' Letters, in 



272 PAPERS RELATING TO 

which there was not the least objection to my request, but says 
be sure Lotts have not been surveyed, by virtue of those rights, 
or exchanged as Brace's & others have been. 

On this Mr. Peters wrote to Nich s Scull, Surveyor General, 
& ordered him to be careful & search the records in his Office, 
& let him know if any City Lotts or Liberty Land had been 
survey'd by virtue of those rights. Nicholas Scull, after the 
greatest Care in searching the records, give it to Mr. Peters, 
in writing, under his own hand, that he was certain nothing 
appear' d in his office of any city Lotts or Liberty Lands ever 
being survey'd by virtue of those rights. 

On which Mr. Peters made out a warrant, & gave it to me, 
by Virtue of which I had survey'd the high Street Lotts & one 
in Lieu of the Front Street Lott, both on high Street, between 
8"' & 9 th Street, from Delaware & a ret urn, made thereof by Nich- 
olas Scull surveyor General. 

Some short time after Mr. Rich d Peters gave me a few Lines 
to his Brother, W m Peters, requiring him to make me out a full 
patent for said Lott, which he accordingly did. I went with 
it to Mr. Richard Peters, who, after reading the Patent, gave 
it to Mr. Leffers, his Clark, in order to be coppied. In a few 
months after, I went & received the Patent, w ,h orders from Mr. 
Richard Peters to take it to the receiver General's Office, to 
have the Seal affixed & pay the Quitt rent, w cU I accordingly 
did. 

About three or four months after this, I went with the Patent, 
& left it at Cha s Brockden's Office, in order to be recorded. 
Soon after Mr. Leffers call'd at my house, & told me he had 
been to Mr. Cha 5 Brockden's office & gott my Patent, by Mr. 
Rich" 1 Peters's order, & said Mr. Peters wanted to speak to me. 
I immediately waited on him. He said his giving me a Patent 
without acquainting the Proprietors, gave him a little uneasi- 
ness, & said, you may leave the patent in my hands a little 
while; I will write to the proprietors on your behalf, & don't 
doubt having a satisfactory answer in a short time. 

And at the same time order'd me to get a receipt wrote on 
the back on the original Peed, from the Hon ble Will'" Penn to 
John Simcock, setting forth the Lands which was survey'd, & 
held by that patent, which I immediately did. 

As I believe Mr. Peters, in the midst of his great hurry of 
Business, forgets my small affair, & as it is more than Two 
years he has had my Patent in his hands, and I have so often 
call'd at his office, that I do assure you, I am all most ashamed 
to give him any more trouble about the Affair. I shall esteem 
it as a particular favour, if you'll Use your Interest with Mr. 
Peters, in order to get him to deliver me my Patent ; that I 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 273 

may have it in my Power to improve the Lotts, so as to receive 
some Interest for my money. 

I paid a considerable sum to the Heirs of John Simcock, in 
purchasing the right, & was at no small expence in having the 
Lotts located, also the Quitt rent to Mr. Rich. Hockley for 74 
years. All added together, amounts to upwards of £500, which 
is too great a part of my small fortune to lay useless. 

Your Compliance in this request, will greatly oblige, 

Your Friend, 

JOHN BIDDLE. 



WILLIAM PETERS. TO RICHARD PETERS. 

8 th May, 1759. 

Dear Bro' : As you are going up to Burlington, I must desire 
you, on behalf of our Constitut s , Mr. Ingram & Miss Elliots, 
y c Heirs of M r Jno. Bellers, to engage M r Ogden to assist us in 
getting y e Council of Prop'-" Allowance of a late Resurvery on 
their 5,200 A s Tract at Cohanzie, of w oh one Sam 1 Barnes, Dedc' 1 , 
in his Life time attempted ; & now his heirs are endeavouring 
tu cut off 200 A 8 of y e best of it. The Case is y l Tract was reg- 
ularly survey'd & return'd for M r Bellers so long ago as y e year 
1683, or thereab ts , & those 200 A a were always known & allow'd 
to be part of s' 1 large Tract, till this Barnes (very famous in 
ye Jerseys for such Tricks,) took it into his head to get it cut 
off on a new survey, ab' 18 or 20 years ago, & then brought an 
ejectm 1 for it ag l one John Bennet, who possessed it under M r 
Bellers' right, as he pretended, tho', in fact, it was neither 
sold, leased, or let to him, & by some managem* or other a 
judgment was obtained ag' Bennet, and he was turned off y e 
Land. 

You'l please to get ye clerk of y e Supreme Court to search & 
give you, or send me, a minute of y e proceedings in y' suit, par- 
ticularly what y e Judgm' was founded on, whether a regular 
Trial or what else. For tho' on a resurvey of y' 5,200 A 3 , it 
turns out y l s' 1 200 A s are unquestionably & fairly within Mr. 
Bellers" original survey & including them, it proves but y e 
bare Q l ? originally survey'd, & all this can be well proved by 
Markt Trees <& ancient witness, w ch were concealed from or 
misrepresented to y c viewers & surveyors appointed in that 
18 -Vol. VII. 



274 PAPERS RELATING TO 

suit, yet it is now pretended by Anthony Haines, who enter d 
Caveat at y c Council y c 2 d Ins' ag l our resurvny, y l ye Judgm 1 
in y l Cause is conclusive as well ag l y e Heirs of Mr. Bellers w"' 
respect to ye title as ag l ye Council of Prop" medleing with or 
allowing y l resurvery, tho' never so right & just. 

If we do not obtain y e Council of prop rs allow"* of ye Resurvey, 
or if y e possessors of y e 200 A s won't give up y e pos'sion quietly, 
we must bring an ejectm 1 or suit in equity, as I shall be ad- 
vis'd. But it would be much better if we could prevail w tb y e 
Council to allow y e Resurvey, for then I imagine y e persons who 
oppose us will drop it & give no further Trouble. You'l keep 
an Ace 1 of your Exp 3 in this Affair y* I may repay you at your 
return ; & then I sent our Letter of Att eT to Mr. Cha s Read, 
to be recorded ; please to pay him & bring it w"' you. 
Yo rs w"' affte'y, 

WM. PETERS. 



JOHN WATSON TO NICHOLAS SCULL. 

6, 7 m '\ 1759. 
Respected Friend ; I've long waited for an opportunity to 
write to thee, and am impatient to have some account concern- 
ing the Law intended, if possible, to cheat the proprietaries 
out of all the overplus Lands in the province, paint his Sur- 
veyor General and Deputy Surveyors as the vilest of villains, 
and make a curse to the People, as if something extraordinary 
had been done for the security of their estates, when, in fine, 
beyond w l is already mentioned, I see no further use in it 
than to give some designing People an Opportunity of examin- 
ing the surveys made thr° the promise, and thereby furnishing 
'em with means to raise Estates to themselves thr° the want of 
skill or Care in the People of early days. But I am a Fool in 
this matter, & only Guess, but want extremely to hear The 
Fate of this scheme, and that the Governor will not pass the 
Law. I've used the utmost of my Endeavours with the mem- 
bers. I've converst with against it, but to no purpose, and, 
indeed, nothing was to be expected ; for if a faithful discharge 
of the duties of an Office, both in the Survey"" Gen 1 and his 
Deputies, could not prevail upon the NimroJs of Liberty to 
be easy, it was not likely that words should have any weight 
with em: and should they bring their scheme to bear, what 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 275 

an Honourable Acquisation will it be to have bribed a servant 
to betray his master Interests, If not grown too great with the 
6s. per day allowed for exposing the people's Interest to the 
Eye of Vultures. I hope thee'l condesend to send me thy sen- 
timents in this matter. I write in haste, and have hardly time 
to say what thee knows already, that 

I am, with much respect, 

Thy assured Friend, 

JN° WATSON. 
To Nicholas Scull. 

Pray dont expose this ; I'm too angry to write. 
(Is this the Resentm 1 of Isaac, the Judge?) 



RICHARD PETERS TO NICHOLAS SCULL. 

Philadelphia, July 24 th , 1759. 

Sir : On the 18 tn day of March last, David Morgan, as Admin- 
istrator of Rees Jones, dece'd, obtained a Warrant to Resurvey 
a Tract called Eagle's point, situated near Christiana Bridge, 
in Newcastle County, formerly surveyed to John Ogle, in the 
year 1683, and under him claimed and possessed by the Doctor 
Tones, and I perceive by a letter to you from Mr. Kellen, the 
Deputy Surveyor, dated the 20 th April, that he endeavoured 
to execute the said Warrant, but from the obstinacy of the 
Neighbours, cou'd not come at the ancient Lines of the said 
Tract, and therefore returned the best draught he cou'd make 
thereof. 

On the 24 th day of May last, William Patterson, John Mont- 
gomery, Thomas McKean, and others entered a Caveat against 
a Grant of any part of the said Tract of Eagles-point to David 
Morgan, alleging they were entituled to the greatest part there- 
of by a Deed from the Sheriff of Newcastle, who took the same 
in execution at the suit of Hugh Thompson. 

On this Caveat the parties were heard, and it appearing to 
me to be meer matter of Law, a State of the Case was drawn 
up and referred to Mr. Chew for his opinion ; and he giving it 
as his opinion that the said Patterson and others were well 
entituled to a Confirmation of the said Land in Virtue of the 
Sheriff's Deeds. I do request that you would issue your order 
to William Killen to compleat the Resurvey according to the 
known ancient bounds of the said Tract,and Return it a< expedi- 



276 PAPERS RELATING TO 

tiously as he can, in order that a patent of confirmation may 
be granted to the said Patterson and others, on their discharge 
of what is due to the proprietors for the same. 
I am. 

Sir, 
Your most humble Servant, 

RICHARD PETERS. 
To Nicholas Scull, Esq r , Surv r Gen 1 . 



JOHN WATSON TO NICHOLAS SCULL. 

30, lmo., 1760. 

Respected Friend Nicholas Scull. Thine of the 23 d In- 
stant came Safe to Hand. I saw the Stranger as I stept into 
the street, from thy door, on the 7 th Instant, & was minded 
to have returned to let thee know of his Coming. I saw him 
again as I mounted at Hatburrough, in my way home the 
next Evening. The next after, proving hazzey, did not observe 
him, and suppose him so far advanced on his journey before 
the weather cleared up, that not knowing where to look for 
him, hav r e not seen him since. I intended to have called for 
the Draught ofBlackfan's Land, as proposed, but being en- 
gaged in other Business till noon, When that was over, found 
it necessary to make the best of my way Home. Yet hope in 
a few weeks to have a little Leisure to come to Town again. 

James Pellar tells me he got nothing done about his Land, as 
he apprehends, for want of some credible account of the value 
of it. I left the best account I could give of it, with the 
Draught of the survey, but as that may be mislaid, shall en- 
deavour to repeat it. There is no considerable Body of land, 
of any worth, lying together, on his piece, but the Little there 
is, lies scattered about, a few acres in a Place, which, taken 
together, amounts to about 30 acres, and which, as Lands sells 
this way, might fetch 40s. per acre, and I think, not more. The 
Rest of it will be dearly purchased in paying the Tax and Quit 
Rent. Pellar has not the money to lay down for the Purchase 
of it, and fcho' he wants not for friends of whom to borrow, 
yet the different Interest and number of payments, considered, 
he rather chooses to mortgage in the Loan Office, for money 
towards paying the Proprietaries, which the Trustees tell him 
he will not be allowed to do, unless his title be ready before the 
first of April next. It is true, his Father bought a part of the 
same Tract for £60 per hundred ; but as he took the best Piece, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 277 

Roger Hartley, who bought several years after him, had his 
for 15 or 20 Pounds less. And the part in occupation of , I a s 
Pellar, if ever it be sold, notwithstanding the Price of Lands, 
it must be sold for much less than either of them. If the Land 
be sold, it must be sold for what it will fetch, and am well as- 
sured, no future advance of Lands, nor improvement of Pellar 's 
Piece, will ever make it supposed that it was sold at an under 
value, if disposed of at the Rate I mention. And it is my opin- 
ion, if the Trustees of the Loan Office knew the Land as well as 
I do, notwithstanding his Buildings and other Improvements, 
they would not think the whole a sufficient Gauge for £50. 
Pellar is an honest Fellow, of Common sense, and however low 
his circumstances may be, he well knows, and heartily despises 
the lowlived. Stale tricks of undervaluing the Proprietaries 
Lands, in order to purchase them at a low Rate, and rather 
than leave the neighborhood, where he has lived in a good un- 
derstanding with his neighbors, from a Child, is willing to give 
the utmost Penny it is worth, Tho' that must seem a little 
hard, whilst the Proprietaries lands are constantly sold to others 
for less. If the Secretary, or Rec' Gen' doubts the Truth of 
this Report, let 'era be so kind as to send a Person skilled in 
Lands whom they can Trust. I'll shew him the whole ; and if, 
upon viewing it, he'll say he thinks, in his Conscience, I have 
underrated Pellar's Piece I'll pay him for his Journey. 

Pellar tells me thee offered to sell him a Piece of Land, Cont g 
ab l 108% over the mountain, and requested him to go and see 
it. If thou art in earnest to sell it, please to send me a plan of 
it, with the date of the Warrant whereby it was surveyed, and 
the lowest Price thou wilt take for it, both with and without a 
Patent, and I'll take the earliest opp° to go and see it, and if I 
like it at the Price will buy it, and, whether I buy it or not, 
will use my best endeavours to help thee to a Chap. 

Please to excuse this Tedious epistle, not calculated so much 
to weary as to set thee Right. 

I am, with due Respect, 

Thy assured Friend, 

.1°. WATSON, Jun r . 



JOHN ARMSTRONG TO SECRETARY PETERS. 

Carlisle, 14 th Feb. , 1760. 
Dear Sir: A few days agoe I had the pleasure of yours by 
Mrs. Lowry, & have given her a return of her Hxisband's Land, 
Directed to you, but without date of Warr' or Survey, which 



278 PAPERS RELATING TO 

may rather assist your friendly intentions (in regard to the 
Commencement of Quit Rent & Interest) than otherwise. I 
immagine I have some time agoe taken out her Warr', yet, as 
her husband left his money in my hands at different times, it 
may yet be omitted, which I will not fail to be answerable for, 
only would be sure that I may not pay the money twice. In 
regard of a certain Jonathan Holmes, of whom you wrote me, 
I refer you to Mr. Peters, at whose particular instance the re- 
turn was delay'd, which Holmes very well know, and had he 
been Steel to the back, he wou'd have told it you. 

A thick succession of hurry, of which I'm but a few days got 
rid, has a long time prevented me the pleasure of writing you, 
tho' I have often done it in immagination <Sr intention. At 
present nothing occurs but the following disagreeable relation : 

Yesterday I was present when the Coroner of this County 
held an inouest on the dead Bodies of an Indian man & Boy, 
the latter about Fourteen years old, who had been killed at 
their Wigwam, on the North side of Canidogwinet Creek, 
nearly opposite the mouth of Letort's Spring. This Indian had 
a Wife & Childe with him, but whether they have shar'd the 
same Fate is not yet known, as their bodies are not found. I 
saw the Bodies pull'd out of the water, & the mortal wounds 
in the head as well as the bodies of Both, have been made either 
with a narrow axe or Tomahawke. They were also both 
scalp' d. The man was a Delaware, & Commonly known by the 
name of Doctor John. I have been told by an Old Trader, he 
never was lik'd by his Nation, being by some of them accounted 
a Wizard. He generally lived among the White people, until 
the Indian irruptions happen'd, when he be took him to his 
Tribe, & has been much engaged againsl our Frontiers during 
the late War. Amongst the White people he alwis had the 
Charactor of a Sawcy, insolent fellow. Upon this Occasion, 
various Conjectures arise. Some imagine the squaw, in a 
Drunken fit, might do it ; others are ready to alledgean Indian 
man, who, but a few days before, was seen with them, but 
said he wou'd leave their fire and go over the Hill, might have 
return'd & kill'd them in the night ; others are of opinion that 
some of our people, either from resentment of past, or fear of 
future injuries, has done the deed. It was, at best, a wicked 
and illjudg'd act, and what may be the Consequence is not 
easy told. 

I am, dear Sir, with much affection and respect, 

Your most Obed' Humble Serv', 

JOHN ARMSTRONG. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 279 



GOVERNOR HAMILTON'S ORDERS CONCERNING "A 
SICKLY VESSEL." 

By the Honourable James Hamilton, Esq., Lieutenant Governor, 

&c, To Mr. Thomas Coomb, Health Officer: 

Proof having been made to me that the Brigantine Hope, of 
this Port, Captain John Strange, Master, lately arrived in the 
River Delaware from the Island of Hispaniola, is a sickly vessel 
— that one man actually died on board, who was taken ill soon 
after they left the said Island, and that one other is now so bad 
as not likely to recover, of a disease w lh may be infectious, and 
that the said Vessel had, contrary to law, been brought to a 
Wharf at the North end of this City, whereby there is manifest 
danger of her introducing an infectious disease into this City ; 
You are hereby authorized and commanded to remove all the 
Persons, sick as well as healthy, that came in the said Brigan- 
tine Hope, out of this City into the Pesthouse, on the Province 
Island, there to remain until it shall be judged by the Phy- 
sicians that they are free from any infectious distemper. And 
you are hereby further commanded to take care that the said 
Brigantine be forthwith removed to & remain at the distance of 
at least one mile from any Port of this Province, and that no 
person be suffered to go into or come out of the said vessel 
without a special License from me and the Council of this Pro- 
vince, And for so doing this shall be your sufficient warrant. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms at Philadelphia, 
this nineteenth day of September, in the first year of his Majes- 
ties Reign, & in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hun- 
dred and sixtv-one. 

JAMES HAMILTON. 



JOHN ARMSTRONG TO NICHOLAS SCULL. 

Carlisle, 17 th June, 1761. 
Dear Sir: From my wife's long & dangerous Illness I have 
scarce time or composure of mind to write ; but being informed 
that a certain George Sanderson, of this county, hath made 
complaint at the Land Office, and some noise in the neighbor- 
hood, ags' a certain Samuel Fisher, and also in regard to a sur- 
vey lately made to said Sanderson or Son, adjoining Fisher, in 



>0 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Shareman's Valley, I think myself obliged to represent to you 
\ Secretary Peter- what has come to my knowledge in regard 
to the dispute now depending. 

I believe it is certain that Fisher bought the Tract claimed by 
And Montour, i: had the approbation of M r Richard Peters in 
bo doing : and as true that Sanderson took a Warrant within the 
known bounds of Montour's claim after he (Sanderson) knew 
that Fisher had bought it. This Warrant itho" not deem'd fair 
in the account of the neighbors] is not disputed: but the very 
fact is. because this said Sanderson cou'd not prevail on the sur- 
veyor to pick i: cull the Land, and take into him all the 
Meadow or low grounds about him, to the prejudice of the 
lands adjacent, that he wou'd not be satisfied, but grew im- 
petuous and Broke the chain in the face of Sundry witnesses. 
His survey was afterwards finish'd. «fc consists of two hundred 
i: thirty acres and allowance, including, as is estimated by 
different persons, about Forty acres of meadow ground, k the 
high Lands in general, nearly the same with that of Fisher's 
Fisner, it?- true, has a great deal more land than Sanderson, 
and I believe, on hearing the parties, M r Peters k you will be 
of opinion he has sufficient ground to expect it. not only from 
the circumstances above mentioned, but that he is very willing 
t<> pay for it. Lives on the spot, has a number of growing Boys 
t'> settle it. and does not. that I know of, claim an acre else- 
where in the Province. You may naturally blame me for not 
>ettling this dispute myself, which, by the by, I always do, 
where disputes are known before hand, and am persuaded that 
at home and abroad near eight-tenths of my time is spent in 
hearing, persuading a settling them ; and if you 1 please to recol- 
lect, I dont remember that their complaints have gone dow n re- 
specting any injustice in my surveys these nine years past. My 
reason for not personally settling this was. that Geo. Sanderson 
came to me just at setting out for Philadelphia the last time; 
1 >pent a long time in reasoning with him on this and another 
dispute he has yet depending, & did it in the presence of the 
person I then >ent with him to make the survey, (whome. you 
may depend, is a Man of Probity & Caution,) and made every 
necessary point as clear to any honest man as a Pick Staff ': 
and for my pain-, instead of making any proper appeal, got 
my chain Broke. His warr ; is duly & more thai*, legally ex- 
ecuted, and. in short. Sir, if a person of his stamp is indulged 
with an alteration k augmentation of survey, there will be no 
end to alteration- ^ insults of tins kind, the appearance there- 
of is already but too obvious, had I time to relate them. I 
beg you will lay this letter before M" W™ Peters previous to any 
derision of the debate, to whom I also intended writing, but 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 281 

am at present utterly unable, having strong symptoms of some 

approaching illness, and am, dear sir, 

your very affectionate, 

Humble Serv', 

JOHN ARMSTRONG. 
P. S. — Davis's Draught, as you observ'd to me, did not ap- 
pear well. I will alter it & give him the Bank or precipice (if 
about t wo acres. 
M r Nicholas Scull. 



SAMUEL WEISER TO WILLIAM PETERS. 

Rdading, Oct?, 6, 1761. 

Sir: According to your Desire, I have been up at Tulpen- 
hocon, and spoke to the People who now lives upon the Land 
which Mr. Abraham Taylor Claims Peter Klop's is, now in the 
possession of Christopher Weiser, who has a Deed out of the 
Patent of Fell's Manor, and so has Henry Seller, which is in the 
same Line as for Sharif's, (which is now in possession of one 
of Hleystone s Heirs.) By all account must be the Land, ac- 
cording to my Judgment, as it is out of the Line, and no Patent 
granted. Zeller and Weiser seem not willing to give up any 
of their Land, as ir is included in Fell S Manor. As for the 
Heirs of Hleystone, they have little to say I have likewise 
been with the most part of the People who lives on M r Freame's 
Manor. Several will be down (as they told me) after the .-lec- 
tion, and several told me that they would never pay, because 
they thought it was too great a Hardship even to continue to 
live upon it. Myoppinion is some (Perhaps t he most Part) will 
move off rather than pay. Indeed, part of it is not worth Tilling. 

I hope you will be so kind as to excuse my scribbling as we 
are just setting off to Shamokinto Look for our Lands and not 
take my oppinion amiss, as you will best know how to do with 
these people. 

I am, with the greatest Esteem, Sir, Your most humble and 

very Obedient Servant, 

SAM 1 WEISER. 

Casper Wister and Catharine, his wife, by Deed of the •!■' 
Decemb 1 ", 1738, Conveyed Pitt 1 to Henry Seller, part of 260" which 
the Honourable Thomas Perm, Esq', by Indenture of Release 
of the 10"' day of Nov', 1787, intended to be entered of Record 
at Lancaster, did grant unto the said < '. Wister in ffee. 

C. Wister & Wife, by Deed of the 25 .January, 1745, conveyed 
130" the remainder of the s 1 260" to Christopher Weiser. 



282 PAPERS RELATING TO 



EXTRACTS FROM THE PROPRIETORS' LETTERS TO 
THE SECRETARY RELATING TO THE SUR- 
VEYOR GENERAL'S OFFICE. 

In Letter, 10'" Dec r , 1762. 

"Write to all the Surveyors of Countys imediately to 

"look out for our use all the good Tracts of Land that are not 
"settled till we have got our Tenth part, and we like to have 
"Tracts of 500 Acres or less, if the place is proper for a Town 
"or Ferry, as was the practice on the first Settlement of the 
"Country, when the Townships were ab l 5,000 Acres, & his 
"share 500. Pray advise w th y e Surv r Gen 1 whether this method 
"cou'd not be follow 'd now, & let me know his Answer. 

3 d June, 1763. 

" I shall expect to receive in a little time a complete List of 
"our surveyed Lands, & whether any of them have by mistake 
"been granted to other people. 

•'I desire you will 1'epresent this Case, [Island in Sasque- 
"hanna leased to James Galbreath & survey'd "p to Jacob 
"Youer, an old right,] and direct him from us to turn out the 
"Deputy Siirveyor that made this Survey, and to give him 
"Directions to survey no less to any person on an old right 
"than Five Hundred Acres, unless it is for a less Quantity, and 
" then for the Quantity 

" desire the Surveyor Gen 1 to give the orders to Deputy, 

"& shew him that part of my Letter that relates to his busi- 
ness. 

" I desire you will direct the Surveyor Gen 1 to order all the 
"Land that js vacant on Conedoguenet Creek, over against 
"the Manor, to be surveyed, & returned to us. 

"We desire you will, in our Name, issue Orders for the sur- 
"veyof One hundred Aci'es, & any vacant Land near it, six 
"Miles South of Shippensburgh, where there is a Spring, w ch 
" was formerly order'd to be survey'd to the Proprietors, and 
'one hundred Acres of locust Land there, to enquire what 
." vacant Land there is on Conedoguenet Creek, next the Manor, 
" before the survey of 500 Acres to Edward Shippen is .made. 
"That then 500 Acres & the rest of the Land applyed for by 
"him be surveyed in regular Figures of 4 lines, & the vacancys 
"adjoining them be returned to the Proprietors, the Quanti- 
"ties granted by the warrant as near as they possibly can, being 
" surveyed & returned to M r Shippen. The same figures of four 
"Sides is to be generally observed in all Surveys, and that they 
"be laid out so that water & Swamps may accommodate as 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 283 

"much Land as possible, by surveying on Runs at least four 
"•times as much backwards as there is upon those Runs. This 
"I desire you will imediately confer with the (Surveyor (Ten 1 
"upon. 

10"' Aug'. 

" In cases where warr ts have been several years granted, I 
"approve of your proposal that the Surveyor Gren 1 shall post- 
"pone making a return to any person till you have examined 
"his Title and sent him a Certificate of it, comf ormabJe to what 
"you write us. He is certainly the Judge of the rectitude of 
"the survey, but not at all of the person to whom it should be 
"returned, for an examination of which we depend upon our 
" Secretary. 

"Desire the Surv r Cfen' to write to y e Surveyors the necessary 
"Orders for the surveys of our Lands, the Deputys not to re- 
"ceive any of the proprietors' purchase Money nor survey any 
" Land without warrants except for the Proprietors. "' 



REV. NICHOLAUS HORNELL TO WILLIAM PETERS. 

Yorktown, May the 18 th , 1764. 
Sir : I hope you will he so kind as to let me have some instru- 
ment of writing, whereby I may obtain a Confirmation of three 
or four Lots of ground for Pasture, in Yorktown, on the west 
side of Codores Creek, on the south side of High Street in the 
Bottom Ground. I have wrote to Mr. Hokley also, least he 
should forget. As I am not acquainted with your Titles or 
Rights for Lands, I shall depend intirely on you, that my 
right will be good for what may be granted to me, and what- 
ever is due, or may be hereafter due to the Proprieters. For 
the same will be Complyed with by Y 1 

Most humble servant. 

NICHOLAUS HORNELL, 
Minister of the High German Lutheran Church in Yorktown. 

P. S. You cant have a better Hand than Mr. Stevenson to 
send me what you please. 

Endorsed: 
Not exceeding 5 A s at rent 20s. for 7 y". Not to take away 
Fence at y e end of y e Term, unless Prop ,rs pay is for Prop" 
to Change . . . part for Lotts. 

By Mr. STEVENSON. 
To William Peters, Esq., Secretary. 



284 



PAPERS RELATING TO 



PROPRIETARY TAX IN CHESTER COUNTY— 1760. 



The Honourable the Proprietaries of the Province of Pennsyl- 
vania their Tax in each Toionship, in the County of Chester, 
on the 6 d on the ls.0 d . and three Is. 6 $ £ Taxes, laid the first 
day of January, Anno Dom. 1760. 



Townships' names. 




Aston, .... 
Bethel, .... 
Burmingham, 
Bradford, East, 
Bradford, West, 
Chester, 
Coventry, . . 
Concord, . . 
Charles Town, 
Chichester, Upper, 
Chichester, Lower, 
Cain, East, ... 
Cain, West, 
Darby, Upper; Darby, 
Edgement, 

Easton, 

Fallowfield, East, 
Fallowrield, West, 
Goshen, .... 
Havourford, . . 
Kennett, . . . 
London Britain, 
London Grove, . 
London Derry, 
Marlbourough, East, 
Marlbourough, West, 
Marple, .... 
Middletowu, . 
New-Garden, . 
Newlinton, 
Nantmill, East, 
Nantmill, West, 
Newtown, . . . 
New London, 
Nottingham, East, 
Nottingham, West, 
Oxford, .... 

Pike Land, .... 
Providence, Nether, 
Providence, Upper, 



Lower, 



0.10. 
0.04. 
0.18. 
0.16. 
0.13. 
0.04. 
0.05. 
0.17. 
1.10. 
0. 7. 

1. 14. 

0.11. 
0.19. 
0.12. 
0.12. 
0.01. 
0.04. 
1.04. 
0.10. 
1.13. 



0.14. 
1. 2. 
0.19. 
0.12. 
0.16. 
1. 0. 



0.18.11 
0.14. 2 
0.13. 7 
0. 6. 



0. 5. 6 



0. 7. 7 
0. 6. 



.13. 



. 9. 
. 5. 



0. 1. 6 



19 



1. 9. 6 



&?. 



O 



0. 0.103 

0. 0. 7 

1.06. 

2.19. 4 

5. 8. 5 

0. 1. 

0. 7. 6 



1.17. 2 

3.08. 7 

0. 0.11 

3.11. 1 

4.14. 4 

1.03. 

0. 5. 2 



1. 6.11 
0. 4. 
0.11. 6 

0. 6. 3 



3. 3. 2 
2.10. 7 



2. 8.10 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 



285 



Townships' names. 



Ridley, . . . 
Radnor, . . . 
Sadsbury, . . 
Springfield, . 
Thorn bnry, . 
Tredyff'ryn, . 
Vincent, 
Uwchland, . 
Willistown, . 
Westown, 
White Land, 



c 



0. 8. 3 
0.18. 



0.14. 6 
0.10.10 
0.18. 
1. 1. 8 



0.19. 3 
1. 5. 1 
0.13. 1 
1. 9.10 



32. 8. 8k 



« c8 
O ® 

«£ 

o 
So 

^ 71 

C.2 

O 



0. 8. 8 



2. 8. 2 



& 



Q a) 

M u 

v 

C c3 



C ? 



0. 4. | 0. 1. 3 
2.14. 9 
0. 2. 4 



6.12. 3 



0. 1. 
0. 4. 6 



1.11. 2 
0. 5. 3 



40.13. 3i 



The Total Sum IV, 82.2.5^. 

A true Copy, Compar'd with the original. 

f T. WOODWARD. Clfc. 

May the 27'", 1760. 



28G PAPERS RELATING TO 



INSTRUCTIONS, &c, WM. PETERS, SECY, TO JOHN 
LUKENS, SURVEYOR GENERAL. 



23 May, 1763. 
I do hereby certify, That it used to be the practice (when 
I was Secretary of the Land office) for the Surveyor General, 
not to make his return into that office, of any Survey, till the 
Secretary, had inspected and considered the applyer's Title ; 
satisfied himself of his right to the patent, and that the terms 
of the warrant had been complyed with ; and then he used gen- 
erally, to send a Ticket to the Surveyor General, to make his 
returns ; or frequently it was necessary to i ntroduce that re- 
turns, by a vacating or other special Warrant, And it is my 
opinion, that this practice (which has for some years been 
neglected) shou'd be revived. 

RICHARD PETERS. 



Land Office, 23 d of May, 1763. 
Sir: 1 find many inconveniences to the Proprietaries, and 
the people, in your making returns of surveys into this office, 
before the Secretary has inspected, and considered the applyers' 
Title, and satisfied himself for whom, and in what manner, the 
Returns into his office ought to be made, whether by a special 
warrant, or a common Return ; and also that the Terms of the 
warrant have been comply'd with; And it having been the 
general practice formerly for the Surveyor General to wait the 
Secretary's direction before he made his return, as mentioned 
in my Brother's Certificate above. I concur with him, in think- 
ing it necessary to revive that practice, and give you this notice, 
that you are not for the future to return any survey into my 
office, till the applyer's Title has been produced to the Secretary, 
and he has examined whether the terms have been complyed 
with, and you shall receive a Ticket or order or a special war- 
rant, where necessary from the Secretary's Office, directing 
you in what manner, and for whom to make the Return, ex- 
cept in the case of a person applying to you for a return, within 
the six months after the date of his warrant, as after that time 
the Proprietaries can, if they please, (the Terms not having 
been complyed with in the six months,) Vacate the first war- 
rant, tho' this is seldom or ever done, but in favour and aid of 
a person, Avho has purchased the right of the Warrant and Im- 
provement, and has not been careful enough to get a regular 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 287 

legal Title, and shews to the Secretary that he has an equitable 

one. 

W m PETERS, Sec 1 ". 
To John Lukens, Surveyor General. 

The foregoing has the following endorsement: 
"Instructions of y e 23 d of May, 1763 — as I think I have the 
Honble Proprietaries Intrest as much at Heart as the Secre- 
tary. 

Quere : is not the within Instruct for the Interest of the Secre- 
tary only, in stoping people's returns, & making himself sole 
Judge of their Titles, thereby fleecing the People, by apply- 
ing a remedy that will have no effect ; for I am of opinion, 
that if the title under the first warrant is not good, the 
second Warr' will not mend it. I, therefore, informed him, 
I should not look on the Inclosed as a rule binding on me. 
that he should lie sole Judge of what I should Do, after I had 
received the Hon ble Proprietaries warrant, under the seal 
of y e Land Office, especially as none of the Clerks that have 
served in the Surveyor Gen ls office Remember any such prac- 
tice as within mentioned. 

JN° LUKENS, S. G. 
It is a grasp after more power; ergo Gold." 



THOMAS PET^N TO JOHN LUKENS. 

London, August 10'", 1763. 

Mr. Lukens : As it is not certain my Nephew may arrive, I 
have thought it proper to send some answer to your two letters 
by this conveyance, and shall send a Duplicate by him ; but in 
general we shall either send any directions we think proper to 
give to you to the Governor or the Secretary. 

Whenever you find any Persons engage in schemes prejudi- 
cial to our Interest you should inform the Governor of it, or 
if its anything very considerable, you may give it to him in 
writing, to send it to us. You are to consult with our Secre- 
tary and our Receiver General in common Cases relating to our 
Affairs, & in business relating to past transactions with Mr. 
Richard Peters, and if it is necessary with the Governor. I 
think you ought to have been more explicit, and told me the 
particulars of the case wherein the present Secretary would 
not comply with the orders of the late Secretary because he 
was interested, whenever that is the case you must apply to 



288 PAPERS RELATING TO 

some superior, which must be the Governor there, & us here, 
but I must give you this caution, that you do not make the 
business of Mr. Peters's Office troublesome to him without just 
cause, or give any cause to People to be dissatisfied with his 
conduct, as I find you have done by an indorsement on a War- 
rant, whereon the time of settlement was not mentioned. This 
was a treatment very unbecoming one officer to another, and, 
indeed, was unjust in itself, as til it was examined into, it sup- 
posed he was guilty of an act of injustice. You should certainly 
have represented it to the Secretary immediately, when you 
would have found he acted an honest part, tho' he had omitted 
to mention the time when the man settled, in the warrant. I 
have great dependance on the Secretary, and know very well 
no business can be carried on without a good understanding 
between the Persons concerned in the management of it, and, 
therefore, strongly recommend it to you to cultivate the best 
correspondance with him ; and if anything is done you think 
is not right, speak to him first about it, and if he does not give 
you satisafction, speak to the Governor, for you may assure 
yourself we do not desire to advance our Interest by any unjust 
means. With regard to appointing Deputys, that should be 
considered by you three Officers together, or an application 
made to the Governor to know if he would have you attend 
him upon it, or after you have together fixed upon Persons 
wait on him to know if he has any objections. I did give an 
instruction to the Governor on the application of any Persons 
claiming under first purchasers, that there should be six 
months time given to examine the offices, in order to see 
whether the Land had been taken up before, as had been often 
the case. I also gave orders to the Secretary to signify to the 
Surveyor General that he should examine all his Papers in the 
Office and put them in order, taking an alphabetical List of 
them, and this you know I wrote to yourself. I shall desire 
him to Let you know what I write in such cases. 

I am very well pleased to find you have got your Office put 
into so good order, and desire you will deliver to the Secretary, 
to be sent to me, an Alphabetical List of all Warrants to the 
first Purchasers, as I ordered in my former Letter. 

The List of first Purchasers is in the Secretaries Office, on 
one or two Skins of Parchment, with my Father's warrant to 
lay them out, dated I think the 20 th day of August, 1682. The 
names are, I believe, the same with the printed List, and they 

are all that have any right to Lots, which were 

given them by that Parchment List alone; as the Deeds of the 
first purchasers only mention the great Town which is the 
Libertv Land. I shall be glad to hear what you find in 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 289 

Thomas Holmes' Papers that may be of service, and in parti- 
cular the regulations, so often mentioned in all old warrants. 
You need not be at the trouble of sending us an account of any 
but the first Purchasers Lands & Lots. 

I shall give to my Nephew a copy of your Letter, in order 
that he may enquire into what you write about your disapoint- 
inent, in not being able to carry on your design of entering the 
warrants & Surveys regularly. The Secretary having issued 
orders for Surveys to be returned by warrants afterwards, this 
may certainly in some Cases be necessary, but we shall give 
orders that with regard to our own Land, the Surveyor General 
shall give the orders. 

When my Nephew arrives, I desire you will speak fully to 
him, about the irregularity of the Deputy Surveyors, and if 
they do not act a more proper part you should remove them, 
and put better in their room ; you should with the consent of 
the Governor appoint others. There is one thing I must ob- 
serve to you, relating to Returns, of which Mr. Peters writes 
to me, and that is, that you should not make the Return, 'til 
he has examined the Title, to see to whom it is to be made ; 
you are no doubt the Judge of the rectitude of the Return, 
with regard to the quantity of Land ; but he (unless he refers 
it to the Attorney General,) who has the Deeds or Wills of the 
Person, to whom the Warrant was granted, after he has, as a 
Lawyer, carefully examined them, is the best judge to whom 
the survey must be returned. 

I hope you received the Copysof the Surveys in Cumberland 
County, before the misfortune Colonel Armstrong has met with 
in the burning of his House, of which I desire to be informed, 
as soon as you have received them and the surveys of the 
Islands. I desire you will order Copys to be made out, and 
give them to the Secretary, to be sent to us. Some of the 
Islands were Surveyed by Bertram Galbreath and John Arm- 
strong, five by the former, and fourteen by the Latter, as I find 
by the Money paid them for those surveys. Were they regular 
Deputys. 

We take very well your mention of the Land about Nanti- 
coke. By the accounts I have from the Secretary, there is a 
large Tract laid out at that place. If it does not take in what 
you mean I desire you will confer with the Secretary about it, 
that a warrant may be issued to Survey it. 

We have appointed two Surveyors, jointly with Lord Balti- 
more, to finish all these Lines, who will embark about fourteen 
Days hence. 

I never received any accounts of Office Business, from the 
19— Vol. VII. 



290 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Late Surveyor General. I am sorry to hear the Surveyors in 
Cumberland County are so ignorant of their Business, as fre- 
quently to make mistakes. The Land about Carlisle, I have 
long had Surveys of, and have received that you put up in the 
Secretary's Box for us. I believe the Office will not long con. 
tinue shut for Lands on the East side of Susquehannah, and 
desire to know what you mean by Persons having found out 
an expedient for obtaining Warrants, k what the expedient is. 

I write to Mr. Peters, to enquire into what you write about 
the Deputy Surveyors Surveying Land, and receiving Money 
without any Warrant. 

I again recommend the cultivating the best understanding 
with our Proprietary Officers & am, 

Your very loving Friend, 

THO. PENN. 



JOHN LUKENS TO THOMAS PENN. 

Philad", Decern* 17'", 1763. 
Most Honoured Friend : I received thine, dated London, 
June 18 th , August 10 th & 31 s ', some part whereof seems to require 
an answer, as well as my former Letter want some explanation, 
w ch I shall do as soon as possible. And first, heartily concur 
with the Hon-' le Proprietaries that Cordiality & freeness of senti- 
ment, as well as Certain modes & rules, is assentially necessary 
amongst officers Concerned in the management of the Interest 
of any Perticular Person, Partnership or Stock to carry it on 
with any degree of ease & advantage, & I humbly apprehend 
one officer ought not to fix new Rules & modes or Guides, nor 
what the Officer shall do or not do, or set bound to his Com- 
mission without the order or Consent, at Least, of their Supe- 
rior. I am well pleased to hear that any direction I may expect 
for the future is to be received from the Governor or Secretary ; 
but I humbly request, if they are sent to the Secretary, he may 
be ordered to give them to me soon as Conveniently he can, & 
not keep them years in his hands. The office is still shut, & 
when it will be opened is not known. Yesterday only receiv- 
ed my warrant for the Proprietary Tenths, & the Secretary 
Shewed me a Transcript of y e Proprietaries Letter (tho' I al- 
ways look'd on the Warr 1 to W. Scull to be one to me). I am 
also well satisfied in knowing with whom I am to Conferr with 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 291 

for the future on the Proprietaries affairs. This I will venture 
to say (if I know anything of my own heart), that no one person 
ever Received a Commission from the Hon ble Proprietaries with 
fuller Resolution of mind to serve them faithfully, & execute 
the same Honestly & Justly between the proprietaries & their 
Tenants, agreeable to the Tenure of my Comission. But at that 
time r did not know that Certain persons were to make their for- 
tune out of the People applying for Land, while those People layd 
the Blame on the proprietaries for allowing that grasp of power 
— my endorsing something on the back a Warrant relating to 
Interest & . . . on a Tract of Land. I have acknowledged 
to the Secretary, and now do to the Proprietaries, that it had 
better been Let alone, as it was not my Business, but as the 
person requested a Copy of his warrant to show to the Gover- 
nor when he signed his Patent, as he said, he Intended to Com- 
plain. I put y e Quere on it & desired he might Leave it with 
y e Governor, Little thinking that that use would be made of it 
that was. As to my not being explicit in the affair of the Late 
& present Secretary, was owing to my having mislaid their order 
in regard to proceedings on old Rights. They gave me a written 
order not to proceed in Laying out Lots, Libe' v Lands or other 
Land, untill a Certain state of those Rights was Prepared & 
Examined. Some few days after, the Late Secretary inform' d 
me the Governor approv d of these orders, which I then looked 
on to be binding on myself & every Deputy Surveyor in the 
province. In a few weeks after, the Secretary applyed to me 
to Lay out a Lot appurtenant to John Brother's purchase. I 
reminded him of their order, but he insisted on my doing, as I 
had a warrant for the same. When I had satisfied myself that 
y e Warrant was for the same place it fell on by Lot, I Laid it 
out & Returned it into his office. Some time after that he sent 
for two Copies of Warrants for Land, one on John Brother 
Right for 250 a the other on Rich d Gunton for a 1000% which, I 
understood he & Stevenson of York County had Purchased, as 
Stevenson had Returned Part thereof on y e same Warr'. I re- 
fused to send him the Copies of the Warrt s , upon which he 
Came into my office in Great wrath, and Demanded Copies, & 
If I still refused him he should know how to proceed. I re- 
minded him again of their joint order, & with his Brother's 
further Information & order, not to proceed in anywise on old 
rights till further orders. His answer was, that his Brother 
was no Lawyer, and he did not know how the Proprietaries 
Could answer for stoping the proceeding on old Rights if any 
Person should Loose a Good Tract of Land that they might 
have Taken up had they been at Liberty, upon which I gave 
him Copies. 



292 PAPERS RELATING TO 

This, with a severe mandate, Chargeing me not to make any 
Returns into his Office of Land without Ticket first received 
from him for so Doing. This I looked on as an authority he 
had no Right to usurp over me, as I had the Proprietaries Com- 
mission, as well as himself, & therefore told should not Regard 
his orders without the Governor's Concurrence, to whom we 
agreed to submit it ; but I apprehended lie sought occasion to 
represent me to the proprietaries as a Troublesome person to 
have to Deal with. I submit I did not after that return Lands 
without his Ticket, in which Color, if I am not mistaken, he has 
Represented me to the Hon'* Proprietaries. These matters 
may, in part, account for the many Bickerings between us. But 
I have been informed, within these few Days, that y e Secretary & 
his Clerks, the Survey r Gen 1 his Deputys & Clerks, or as many of 
them as Necessary, will be called on to appear before the Gov- 
ernor or House of Assembly to answer Certain Complaints, 
when I hope it will be made appear who acts most for the True 
Interest of Proprietary & people. 

The Clerk hath been sometime in Prepareing the whole pro. 
ceedings of what was done in Consequences of y° first Purchasers 

Lands & Lots, & a Copy be sent as soon as it 

is rendered as Com pi eat as we can make it from ye several 
offices, as we found it necessary to go thro part of the Secre- 
taries Office, as well as mine. 

I have not been able yet to obtain a sight of Thomas Holmes 
old Papers. 

I shall Cheerfully Confer with the Governor in Regard to 1). 
Surveyors, & I shall be ever glad of his advice & Council, as I 
look on him and all the Proprietaries family to be Interested in 
the regular Laying out their vacant Land. 

The Warrant menioned by the Secretary of y e Tract of Land 
near Nanticoke, will by no means answer what I intended, 
neither is it in the place I meant, besides, it is to be returned 
for the Hon. Proprietaries, in order to agree with Vaughan & 
Company, owner of Ironworks now erected within the Lim- 
mits of y e same ; (& this w r arrant the Secretary would not Ira- 
power me to Direct ;) the Avarr" for 5,000 a of Cedar swamp is to 
be returned for the Hon ble Proprietaries, in order to agree with 
W m Plumsted & Company for y e same. 

I Come now to Let thee knoAv that three sundry Persons 
obtained warrants, one in Chester, one in Berks, & one in North- 
ampton ; & what was the expedient they made use of to Get 
them, as they Told Publickly in my Office themselves, (to witt, ) 
from four to six Dollars each paid the Secretary for, &c. , & 12 
or 14 shillings to the Clerk for Drawing y e warrant. 

A number of warrants have been granted for Lands on the 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. ' 293 

East side of Susquehanna, mostly to be returned for the Hon 1 ' 1 " 
Proprietaries, in order to agree with the persons who applyed 
for y e same, as this method will greatly increase the proprie- 
tary Tenths, if they should be Look' 1 on as such, when the Pro- 
prietaries are but small Gainers thereby. In this the Receiver 
General, I am informed, is not satisfied ; but the Expedient I 
meant was, Certain sums of money paid the Secretary, besides 
the Office fees, for procuring sundry warrants, as the persons 
themselves told Publickly, in my Office, when they brought 
them there. I am glad to hear the Hon. Proprietaries have re- 
ceived their Book of Drafts, & as some parts of their Letters 
seemed to require some answer, I hope it may be some appology 
for the Length of this Letter, more especially as I find the Sur- 
veyors General hath not Latterly wrote to the proprietary any- 
thing Concerning their Lan' 1 affairs. 



THOMAS PENN TO JOHN LUKENS. 

London, June 15 <R , 1764. 

Mr. Lukens : I shall now give an answer to anything omitted 
in my Letter last year in return to your former Letters, and 
first I entirely disapprove of having any Land surveyed by 
virtue of Letters from the Secretary, for the future. Warrants, 
where surveys have been already made, must be given, but for 
the future I desire a stop be put to it, and that you will show 
to Mr. Peters this Paragraph of my Letter. Let me know in 
whose favour such Letters have been sent. 

I desire you will inform me what was the Case in which the 
present Secretary's Interest hindered him from complying with 
the Agreement you made with Mr. Rich d Peters. Mr. W m Peters 
has wrote me that he has given you Copys of the orders that 
has been sent thro' his hands. 

I have desired the Governor, to whom Copys of your Letters 
were given, to confer with you on the several heads you write 
upon, and give such orders as he shall think reasonable upon 
them. I desire you will apply to him where any difficultys arise 
between our Secretary and you, or when any of the Deputy 
Surveyors act improperly. It is certainly very injurious to our 
Interest for the Deputy Surveyors to employ Persons under 
them, not under any solemn obligation to do their Duty, as it 
also is for the surveyors to appropriate Tracts, and take Money 
of the People for them, when they ought to have them at the 



294 PAPERS RELATING TO 

common rate. This you must endeavour, as much as possi- 
ble, to prevent, and add some Instruction for that purpose. I 
think a Surveyor should not survey for himself, and ought to 
have only one Plantation, unless he has a son just ready to 
settle. 

In case the Deputy Surveyors do not observe all reasonable 
orders that you give them, you should complain to the Gover- 
nor, and, with his approbation, appoint others immediately. 
I desire you will send me a Copy of your Instructions to the 
Deputy Surveyors. 

I have received Copys of the surveys of the Islands on Sus- 
quehanna River, but there is one in the mouth of Juniata 
River, parted by a small stream from that you have sent me a 
survey of, containing 677 acres, that should have been, & we 
desire it may be returned to us. 

Whatever you think is necessary to write for information 
we shall always be pleased to receive, but, as the Governor is in- 
trusted with the management of our Affairs, you will generally 
apply to him, unless in difficult Cases, or where our interposi- 
tion is necessary, and then you should inform the Governor 
also of the Case. Where there are any Disputes about Returns, 
that is to whom any survey should be returned, it lyes only in 
the breast of the Governor to determine it. And you should 
never make a Return 'til he has heard it, assisted by the Secre- 
tary, Receiver General, and Surveyor General, or any he pleases 
to call to his assistance. This, I believe, you were too hasty in, 
in the case of Col John Armstrong & Conrad Weyser's Chil- 
dren. 

I desire you will inform me in what Cases the Secretary has 
found an expedient for granting Warrants for Land on the 
East side of Susquehannah, tho' the Office is shut, and to whom 
they were granted. 

I am very Avell pleased to find the Clerk has gone through so 
great a quantity of Papers, and hope soon to have a List of 
them. If there are Papers in the Secretary's Office that belong 
to that of the Surveyor General, inform us of what nature they 
are, and borrow them from thence. Of this, you will speak to 
the Governor. 

Pray inform me of the Instances of the Deputy Surveyors 
taking any purchase Money for Lands, and speak to the Gov- 
ernor upon it. They should not appropriate Land, unless, as 
being upon the spot, they can settle a dispute between two 
Claimants. 

As soon as you receive Returns of Land for our use you should 
make out Copys to be sent to us, which you would find more 
easy than to drive it off too long. If the Secretarv does not 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 295 

allow you all the time he can, he is very unreasonable, but I 
hope you will endeavour to accommodate each other as much 
as possible. 

I think you should immediately appoint Deputy Surveyors 
for the County of York. As to the number and Persons, you 
will propose them to the Governor. But they must observe 
your orders, and correspond with you on all surveys, and not 
take orders from any Persons but yourself, unless by the Gov- 
ernor's express orders. 

You must take every Legal method to oblige George Steven- 
son to deliver up the Papers, but, whether he does or not, he 
must be removed. And we must make the best we can with 
the Manors of Marsh and Springetsbury, in the County of York, 
the Drafts of which I shall be much pleased to receive* from 
you. As to Stevenson's deputy, his Surveys should be received, 
as he has no appointment. Pray inform me where & to whom 
Grants have been made in those Manors. I cannot conceive 
any good objection the Secretary could have to your Survey- 
ing those Manors, but whenever you have an intention to ex- 
amine into such Affairs, apply to the Governor directly for his 
opinion. 

I shall be glad to receive the Return of 5,000 Acres near Ship- 
pensburg, and for the like quantity in Northampton County. 
I have given to the Governor Copys of your Letters of Com- 
plaint against Col Armstrong, and of his against you, and de- 
sired he would hear you both, and settle the Matter for the 
future. I have lately received a Letter from Col° Armstrong, 
wherein he tells me the Governor had some conversation with 
him upon this subject, and that he believed no more applica- 
tions would be made to me about it. I think it could not be 
settled in many years here by me, and that it may be done in 
a Day, by my Nephew, to whom I refer it. I find Col" Arm- 
strong says that the Surveys, in which he exceeded, were made 
to take in all the Land that could be taken up between the 
Mountains ; that we must trust to Persons that have been there, 
and no doubt all Surveyors shall be well looked after. This 
must be proved to the Governor's satisfaction, else, by the 
Drafts, they appear extremely injurious, and contain more 
Land, take the pieces together, than either Lyon or he ought 
to have, as they can improve but one in all probability, and 
must take up the other to sell at an advanced price, to the in- 
jury of the new Settlers, which I would prevent as much as 
possible. He says there was not any Land adjoining to the 
Settlements that could be taken up. This must be inquired 
into. I think it would be very proper for you to take a Journey 
in the most leisure time of the year, and look over some of the 



29G PAPERS RELATING TO 

Surveys, as it would oblige the Deputys to be more exact, and 
as soon as you have performed your Journey, inform me 
whether these Complaints are true. 

No doubt if Persons refuse to do their Duty as Deputy Sur- 
veyors, and injure both us and the People, you ought to ap- 
point others in their places, but the Governor must first give 
his approbation. 

We have received from Adam Hoops the Draughts of Land 
Surveyed for us in the County of Cumberland, amounting to 
about Twenty thousand Acres, and if the Land is good settle- 
able Land, we shall be very well pleased with those surveys. 
Whatever you shall receive accounts of the surveys of, I desire 
you will send us the Drafts of, as soon as you can conveniently, 
after they are returned to you. 

We approve of your making use of a seal to the Certificates 
you give out of your Office. 

We sent to Mr. Peters, and gave Mr. John Penn an account 
that was some years since sent us of our Land in the several 
Countys. What we wanted, was a List of all that had been 
returned to us in your Office, in order to inquire more exactly 
what still remained, as we intend to give the Governor a power 
to sell such of them as are in small quantitys. Now, as I am on 
this head, I shall mform you that we have desired my Nephew, 
M r Rich d Penn, to assist us in agreeing for two tracts in the 
forks of Delaware— one containing 12,548, & the other, 7,985 
Acres. Pray inform me if you have the return of a tract of 
six thousand five hundred Acres, called the Indian Tract, which 
takes in the Mouth of Hockondocky Creek. We have also de- 
sired my said Nephew to agree for the Manor of Springton, re- 
serving any one plantation on a vacancy of three or four hun- 
dred Acres fit for a Settlement, as the Lands of Chester County 
are held of that Manor. I desire you will assist him whenever 
he applys to you on any occasion. 

We are sorry to find, by your Letter of the 22 d of Dec r , that 
Will"' Peters used you so unhandsomely about Brother's Land, 
and we desire you will make no return of Land to him in that 
Right 'til you have sent home the Return to us, and had time 
to examine into all the Lots and Lands taken up, to see whether 
any Land has been taken up in that Right, and also Rich 11 Gun- 
ton' s ; if that is a survey of his, you should examine very par- 
ticularly in the Minutes of Property what Lots those squares 
were composed of that were granted to Isaac Norris, James 
Logan, Rich' 1 Hill, Sam 1 Carpenter, W m Hudson, and others, as I 
believe as much Land in the City is granted away as all theLots 
laid down in the Printed Plan of the City amounts to. I want 
to have a Plan of the square next to what was Carpenter's, 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 297 

between seventh and eighth streets and High and Chestnut 
Streets, as Mr. Physick has applyed to me for a small vacancy 
there. 

You must always keep in mind never to survey any Lot on 
Land that was not marked for Lots in the printed plan of the 
Town. 

I much commend you in differing with our Officers, when 
they would advise you to act a part that would be injurious to 
us or our Tenants. When they do so, you should let them 
complain, as you would no doubt have met with his and our 
approbation. I shall transmit to my Nephew the account of 
Mr. Peters' s behaviour, & censure him for it, as well as for the 
method taken to obtain Warrants. 

I do not approve of Armstrong & Lyon's having two tracts 
of Land each, and desire you will give orders to all the Deputys 
that, without particular order from the Governor, they shall 
survey but one Tract to one Person. Col Armstrong's Sur- 
vey, that takes in so much of the Creek, you should be satis- 
fied, cannot accommodate more Land, as well as Lyon's, before 
they are returned. If any method further than the above can 
be taken to prevent People from taking up more Land than 
they settle, I desire it may be pursued, to prevent that mis- 
chief, as it prevents the honest Settlers from getting Lands 
they want to live upon. 

I do not think there was occasion for a new warrant for our 
Tenth, as you had one in the Office, issued, I suppose, by my- 
self. 

I much approve of your dividing the Countys of York & 
Cumberland into Districts, and appointing such Persons to 
execute the Offices of Deputy Surveyor as are capable to do 
the Business themselves ; but if it has been customary, (as Col 
Armstrong says, ) we would indulge him in acting by a Deputy, 
well qualified and sworn, for that part of Cumberland County- 
nearest Lancaster. Col° Armstrong-has not applyed for a Com 1 
mission from us, but if he had, (tho we allow he has great merit 
in his military capacity, ) we shall never alter our method of 
having all Deputys to be appointed by the Surveyor General, 
and accountable to him ; if the Surveyor General acts an im- 
proper part, he must be answerable for it ; and if he will not 
alter his conduct, must be displaced. I have left it to my 
Nephew to settle the difference between you, and I suppose, 
after some explanation, he will accept a Deputation from you ; 
if I have not fully wrote to my Nephew on this head, you may 
show him, privately, this Letter. Col Armstrong, now here, 
assures me that the survevs he made near Fort Bedford were for 



298 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Persons settled, and the warrants he took out all for real Per- 
sons. 

I shall send to my Nephew a Copy of your last Letters, and 
desire he will examine into the facts, that the censure may fall 
on the Person that deserves it. I am well pleased with the in- 
formation you have given, and remain, 

Your affectionate Friend, 

THO 9 PENN. 

We have wrote to the Governor to open the Office immedi- 
ately. 

P. S. July 14"'.— As I find by Mr. Hockley's accounts that 
the Clerk imployed to make an alphabetical list of the war- 
rants and returns to fir.^t purchasers has finished the work, I 
shall hope soon to receive a coppy of it. 

T. P. 



SAMUEL JOHNSTON TO W m PETERS. 

York Town, Jan<\ the 12"', 1765. 

Sir : I understand that Mr. James Smith, of this Town, hath 
purchased several Improvements from the People settled there- 
on, and since applyed to the Land Office and taken out War- 
rants for the same, and that the Lands Lye within seven miles 
of this Town. One place he got from one Garret Hummel, 
and lies in Manchester Township. On this Place, there has 
been lately a survey, & some art made use of to make the sur- 
veyor think that it was upwards of seven miles from York, by 
taking him around about Road. But as the Surveyor, Mr. 
Mathews, has been informed of this, he hath refused to make 
a,ny return of the survey. Another of the Places belonged to 
Michael Ramble, and a third, to one Lighteberger, and I be- 
lieve, the warrants are taken out in their names. I thought 
it my Duty, on hearing this, to let you know of it to prevent 
any Injury that might arise to the Propriet rs thereby. The 
weather has been so extremely severe, that it was impossi- 
ble to view the several Lots & take an account of the Improve- 
ments, but as soon as the season will permit, I shall take an 
account of every Lot not Patented ; but to prevent my making 
mistakes, 1 should be furnished with a list of the Patented 
Lots, which I request you'l send up by the first opportunity. 
I believe you had best send, likewise, some of the advertise- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 299 

ments in English & German, as many of the People here can't 
read the English ; and as the Propriet ors Agents, (on the Peo- 
ple's applying for Patents,) may be at a loss to know if they 
have complyed with the Terms in the Tickets, a Certificate 
for that purpose from some Person here, that they could De- 
pend upon, would prevent an imposition. The People here 
are very pressing to know the Price, that the Lots newly laid 
out, will be Let at. I believe if the Lots were Divided, and 
let out in Half Lots at twenty shillings, Sterl. each, yearly, 
that they would be all taken up on the Main street in a very 
short time. But I shall make further Inquiry as to their value, 
& let you know. The sooner they are let out, the better, as 
the spirit of Building must certainly fail as money grows scarce. 
I have applyed to Mr. Stevenson very often, but have not yet 
received your Brother's Bonds, as you Desired. 
I am. S r , 

Your Most Humble 

Servant, 

SAM 1 JOHNSONT. 



W m MATHEWS TO W m PETERS. 

York Town, 4 mo , 15 th , 1765. 
Friend Peters : Agreeable to thy instructions, I have made 
a Survey and Draught of the Lots on the west side of the 
Codorus, and as Samuel Johnson was not at home, I got Doc- 
tor Jammison to go with me and fix upon the place for the cross 
streets, which are fixed, as I think, in the most convenient 
places ; and as Newberry street will suit very to build upon, I 
have laid the Lots adjoining it the other way, and left a twenty 
foot alley at the ends of them, which Happens just in the 
swamp. I have laid the ground Michal Doudle Holds out into 
Half Lots, as well as all the rest on High Street, Except Jacob 
Doudle's two Lots. It did not suit to go so nigh Bott's Land in 
that angle, on High Street, as what thee mentioned in thy In- 
structions, unless there could be some Land got of Bott by Ex- 
change, or otherwise. The People seem desirous of knowing 
the terms of the Lots, both on High Street and Back, and I 
would, with submission, Propose that if the Agents thought 
proper, after fixing the Rents, to infoi-m Samuel Johnston of 
the price, that he might let the Inhabitants know the terms, 
that it would be of advantage to the poor People here. I 



300 PAPERS RELATING TO 

should be glad to know whether I may have the lot I last wrote 
to thee about, as there is a man that is going to improve it ; 
and I should likewise be glad to know how many lots old Sea- 
gler, the Brick Maker, has entered for, or got a grant of, and 
their numbers, as he is diging and improving several. And I 
went to him several times and informed him that he ought to 
get a right for them before lie dug them up and spoiled them 
in the manner he is doing. He says he has a right, and will 
not stop for any man here. And if he is suffered to go on, he 
will ruin them from any one else taking them, and then leave 
them as he and some of the other Brick makers has done one 
whole square on the Creek, that they never will be of any man- 
ner of service. If he has entered or agreed for any, he ought to 
be Confined to them, and made to build on them, in my opinion, 
before he is suffered to dig them as he has done others, and 
then it is probable the House will bring in the Proprietaries 
rents. I should be glad to know whether to stop him, or other- 
wise, and as several People are desirous of some of them for- 
feited Lots, I have thought that if the Brick Maker was allowed 
but 2, in the room of 4, that it would be more likely to secure 
the quit rent. All which I submit, and remain, thy Friend, 
&c% 

W m MATHEWS. 



THE SECRETARY TO MR. JOHNSTON OF YORK. 

P da , V June, 1765. 

Sir: The Grov r & Agents have concluded to insist upon 20 
Ster, Q l rent for each Inner Half Lot of 32i F l on y e West side 
of Codorus, as now divided by W m Mathews, & to reserve a 
whol 65 F 1 Lot at each Corner of a S l for y e Prop rs . And we 
must get you to publish these terms among y e People who have 
applied for Lots there. & let them know. Y\ if they do not 
take their Lots, (now Half Lots"), before y° 1 st of July next, 
their applications will be no longer regarded, but y e Lots will 
be g led to y e next Applier, after y e s' 1 1 st of July, & desire you 
will get the positive Answer of as many of them as you can in 
y e mean time. 

Daniel Dingle, y e Bearer, has apply'd for y e 2 Half Lots, No. 
327 & No. 328, joining Jacob Doutel s 2 Patented Lots, on Co- 
dorus; but as Jacob Doutel & Daniel Doutel have apply'd for 
a Lot or 2 there, I must desire their immediate, positive Reso- 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 301 

lution, whether they will take any more there at 20 Ster 1 ~$ Half 
Lot, or will grant the 2 Half Lots to Daniel Dingle, w ch he ap- 
ply 'd for next after Daniel Doutel. 

I understand there is a project on foot to alter y e present 
road from ab l Newberry S' to Carlisle and tow ds Lewis Ferry, 
to pass thro' Wright's and, w ch I am told will be a g l hurt to y e 
Town & y e Prop" Interest, & therefore I desire you will inquire 
into & let me know y e state of y l Matter, & apply to y e next 
Court, (if occasion be,) to prevent y' alteration of y e road. 



SAMUEL JOHNSTON TO WM. PETERS. 

York, June 8" 1 , 1T65. 

Sir: I received yours of the first Inst., & shall pursue your 
Directions with respect to the Lots on the west-side of Codo- 
rus, but as I have no list of the Persons' Names that applied 
to you, I can only give Notice to the People in General. Some 
of the People have been with me since I received your letter, 
and, on hearing the Terms, all seem to Decline taking the 
Lots they had applyed for. 

I spoke to Daniel Doutel, and his answer is that the terms 
are too high, and, therefore, he wont take up the Lots he had 
applyed to you about, so that I suppose Daniel Dingle may 
have them. As to Jacob Doutel, he is gone to Philad\ and 
will give you his answer himself. 

At the last Court there was a petition given in by the In- 
habitants of York-Town, from the Court House upwards, for a 
Road to cross Codorus,at the North end of G eorge Street, + hence 
to run until it intersect a Road which leads from York to John 
Garretson's, at Big Conewago Creek. Two other Petitions 
were also given in to the Court, one from the Inhabitants of 
the lower part of York-Town, near the Bridge, and the other 
from some Inhabitants of Manchester Township, praying a 
Road to be laid out to the North part of Manchester and New- 
berry Townships, to cross Codorus opposite Water street, & 
that they had raised a subscription for building a Bridge, & 
maintamg for seven years. 

The two last Petitions seem to have been presented to pre 
vent the first taking effect, as the Inhabitants in the lower part 
of the Town have at present the first offer of every thing com- 



302 PAPERS RELATING TO 

ing to Market, but the Court have kept both under advise- 
ment, & I shall take care to prevent the Proprietors' Interest 
from suffering in this or any other affair that I know of. 

Many People in this town have mislaid or lost the Tickets 
for their lots, which they got from M r Cookson, and Mr. Steven- 
son is possessed of a Book, made at the first Letting out of the 
Lots by M r Cookson, where the Persons names are entered to 
whom the Lots were first granted. As this Book was made, as 
I suppose, for the use of the Proprietors, some means should 
be made use of to get it from M r Stevenson, otherwise many 
poor People may suffer, as they cant otherwise, without great 
Difficulty, make out their Titles. 

I find that the principal Difficulty with most of the People 
in the Patenting their Lots is the expence of going to Philad*. 
If, therefore, you could fall upon any method by which, upon 
their sending Down the Papers & Quit Rents, with the Ex- 
pences of Patenting, they could obtain their Patents and exe- 
cute the Counterpart here, this would be a great ease to the 
People, and many more lots would be thereby Patented. It 
hath been lately reported here by some Designing People, that 
the present Surveyors have got no commissions, &, therefore, 
that the surveyorship of this county is certainly intended lor 
Mr. Stevenson. Application hath been lately made to some of 
the surveyors to sign the returns of surveys made by Mr. 
Armor, as Mr. Stevenson's Deputy. Should any of them do 
this, Mr. Stevenson might as well have been continued in the 
Surveyorship. Therefore, if orders relative to this affair were 
sent to the surveyor, it might prevent some of them from being 
drawn in by Designing Men. 

Mr. Mathews is at Marsh Creek surveying, &, therefore, 1 
have had no opportunity to spake to him about a Lot over 
Codorous. As to a Lot for myself, I should be glad to have 
one on the north side of the main street, on the rise of the 
Hill, but the terms, as now settled, are too high for me, as I 
could not build any House there that would bring in the In- 
terest of the money to be laid out. 

I would be glad to have some Directions with respect to these 
two Roads applied for by the Town, & whether I am to oppose 
one or both of them. 

As to your Mill, no Person hath applied to me lately to take 
the same, & I am afraid you will be obliged to repair it before 
you will let it to advantage, but when Mr. Mathews returns I 
will consult with him & let you know. 
I am. S r , 

Yo r most Humble Ser', 

SAM 1 JOHNSTON. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 303 



JOHN LUKENS TO THE PROPRIETARIES. 

Philad'% June 25'", 1765. 

Honoured Friends: This morning, about eight O'Clock, 
I received of W" Gallagher, Clerk, a Copy of the Books done by 
W m Scull as an Index to all the Papers & Entries in the several 
Books in my Office, Relating to old purchasers, and also some 
Entry from Books in the Secretary's Office, which I herewith 
send, But make no Doubt will appear to you imperfect & Con- 
fused, but it is the best we could make, & of great service in 
searching for the names of persons who held or now hold Lands 
under original Purchasers, several of whom have been thereby 
stoped from geting thft Land over again, as we Can now Shew 
some of them who had y e Land & where Laid out. But I think 
it would be well worth while to make a more full & Compleat 
search in the Rolls Office in each of the three old Counties, not 
only in y e Pat. Books, but also thro' all y e Records of Deeds, 
where, I believe many Pieces of Lands would be found de- 
scribed for which there is no entry in my Office but a bare war- 
rant. A Case of this kind hath taken up great part of my time 
this day. John Apjohn & Tho° Whynn, Purchasers of 5,000\ 
sold, as it is said, 500 a to Rich d Crosby, or all of it up: but his 
Grand Children hath since Sold S d 500 a to Philip Ephrite, who 
obtain' 1 a warr' for the same in y e year 1761. S d Ephrite sold 
part & procured a Survey of y c remaining 150% to be made by 
Geo. Stevenson in y e same year, in or near the middle of this 
Reputed Manor of Springetsbury, in the County of York, 
which survey was this day Returned into my Office, on the Re- 
ceipt of which I turned to Apjohn & AVhyn's Purchase, and 
find a warr 1 Granted by our Late Hon 1 ' 10 Proprietor, William 
Penn, Esq 1 ", to Richard Crosby, dated in y e year 1701, for 190 a of 
Land & 10* Liberty Land, being the Remainder (as Crosby said) 
of 500 a Purch'ed of s d Apjohn & Whyn, so that I apprehend it 
was all laid out to Crosby or his Heirs Long before Ephrite's 
Warr* in y c year 1761. But hopeing it may in some measure 
satisfy y c Hon ,,le Proprietaries by viewing the entries in this 
Book how they have suffered by the negligence of their officers, 
& of the great need there is of Pursuing the search of old right, 
both to Lots & Lands, a little further; but not having time to 
add, as the Capt. goes immediately, I remain, with Submission, 
your 

assured friend to serve, 

JNO. LUKENS, 8. Q. 

To the Hon b,e Tho s Penn, Esq., in London. 



304 PAPERS RELATING TO 



JOHN LUKENS TO RICHARD PETERS. 

Philad 3 , June 25 th , 1765. 
My Worthy & MUCH esteemed friend : Pardon me for Per- 
sumirig to Lay hold of this oppertunity of Being thy Intrest 
with the Hon ble Proprietaries in behalf of the Surveyor Gen- 
eral of this Province, now & for the future. What emboldens 
me thus to soliscite thy Intrest is, I well know that no person 
can better inform the Hon ble Proprietary of the Insufficiency 
of y e Perquesites arising from the Surveyor Gen 1 ' 3 Office for the 
supporting even a small famely. Those may well Remember 
the many Complaints in writeing & by word of mouth of the 
Late Surveyor Gen 1 , & I well know that it was not without a 
Cause, for I will assure thee, on the word of an honest man, 
that the maintainance of my famely (tho' we Live very mean) 
has Cost me above one hundred pounds p. annum, besides the 
Income of the Office & what I could earn otherwise. If thou 
Could find freedom to interseed with them to make the Office 
maintain the Officer with some degree of Reputation, the 
favour, I am sure, would be ever acknowledged by the Sur- 
veyors General of this province, and by me in particular, who 
subscribe myself thy assured & Loveing friend to serve, 

JN° LUKENS, S. G. 
To R. Peters. 



THE GOVERNOR'S ORDERS TO Mr. JOHNSTON OF 
YORK. 

P rt % 9'" Sep tr , 1765. 
Sir: Being informed y' Geo. Isler, who apply'd for y e Lot in 
York Town, on y e South Side of High St., near y e Court N° 74, 
isabscounded & become Insolvent, I desire, & hereby authorize 
you on behalf of y e Prop" to enter upon take & retain y e posses- 
sion of y e s d Lott of Gro d for their Use; but wou'd have you 
intimate to y e Creditors of y e s d Isler, y' y e Prop ries do not desire 
to deprive them of y e Benefit of y e Sale, of y e s d Isler's Interest 
in y e Buildings on y e s d Lott, provided, they dispose thereof, or 
move them in 3 Mo 3 now next. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 305 

I & y e Prop rv Agents have fixt y e Q' rents of y e Lotts on both 
sides of High St., on y" West side of Cod or us Oi-eek, w ob M' 
Mathews, by our order, divided into Half Lots, & also y c Lotts 
in the back. I have on each side of y e High st. (viz') at twenty 
Sh. Ster 1 on all y e s d Half Lotts on High s\ 12 s Ster 1 for each 
whole back Lott on y' west side of Codorus, but w"' a reserva- 
tion of all v" Corner Lotts, for y e Prop rie % as well on High S l as 
all y e back st s . And for y c Ease & Convenience of the People, 
who shall incline to take Patents for any of y 8 s d Lotts an y° s' 1 
termes, we desire you will take their Applications, & direct y c 
I)ep'- V Surv 1 to lay out, & send a Dra' of such Lotts as shall be 
apply'd for from time to time, On y e West side of Codorus; & 
on your Tickets or Certificate of such Application being trans- 
mitted to y° Sec rv w ,h y e Dra 1 of y e Lott, he will fill up & send you 
y e Counterpart of y e Patent w' 1 ' y e Bond for building in y e limit- 
ted time, to be signed by y e party & on return thereof to him, if 
Patent will be made out & delivered to y e Order of y e Party on 
Paym' of y e Fees. And we wou'd have you likewise receive y L ' 
Applications for any Lotts ungranted in y e old parts of y" Town, 
on y° east Side of Codorus, & send them to y e Sec' v w"' your Ob- 
servation of the Circumstances of each & respecting y e terms 
proper, to grant y e same upon respectively. 

You are likewise to give notice to all y e Psons who shall dig 
clay to make Bricks on any of y e ungranted Lotts or in any of 
y e St s , y' they desist therefrom till on their application, to be 
sent by you to y e Prop ry Agents w th your opinion of y e reason- 
ableness thereof, we shall grant them y e Liberty of getting Clay 

where y e least prejudicial to y e streets & future 

Improvement of y e s ci Town. 

We must likewise desire you will take care to prevent, as 
much as in your power, any waste being committed in y e Tim- 
ber, or any of y e Prop rs Land near York, and send y e Sec rv y e 
names of any p'sons who have or shall destroy any Wood 
thereon, in order y' they may be prosecuted. 

I am. 



20 -Vol. VII. 



306 PAPERS RELATING TO 



PETITION OF GERARD PENDERGRASS TO GOVERNOR 

PENN. 

PHiLAD a , Octob r 10'", 1706. 

To the Honorable John Penn, Esq. , Lieutenant Governor and 
Commander in Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania, &c, &c: 
The Petition of Gerard Pendergrass, of the Town of Bedford, 
in the County of Cumberland, in the said Province, Yeoman, 
humbly Sheweth, That your Petitioner, in the year 1752, set- 
tled on the very Tract of Land on which the aforesaid Town of 
Bedford is now, by virtue of your Honor's Warrant laid out. 
That your Petitioner, at his own proper Cost and expence, did 
erect and build, on the afores' 1 Premises, a good and substantial 
round Log house, of 24 fleet square, well shingled, and had 
cleared and enfenced between 40 & 50 acres of Land, when in 
the year 1755, he was obliged to fly before the Indian ennemy, 
who laid waste all that Country, burnt your Petitioner's House, 
and destroyed all his Improvements. That the King's Generals 
made the Fort Bedford on your Petitioner's Improvements, 
and an Inclosure for pasturing Horses & Cattle. And that 
since the King's Troops evacuated that Fort, and the Avenues 
thereof, the Improvements of your Petitioner have been sur- 
veyed, under your Honor's Warrant afs d , for the use of the 
Honorable the Proprietaries. That your Petitioner humbly, 
and with submission to your Honor's own Judgment, conceives 
that by his Adventure of Building & Shingling a House, clear- 
ing & enfencing 40 or 50 acres of Land, he and his Heirs, under 
that ancient and well known Rigid of Occupancy & Improve- 
ment, (by which all colonies and establishments in the World 
have, and especially your Province of Pennsylvania has, in- 
creased and bettered,) and under the custom of the Province, 
are intituled to the quiet Possession of their Improvements, 
and a competent Quantity of Land to accommodate the said 
Improvements, paying to the Lords of the soil the Rents ac- 
customed, &c. 

That your Petitioner is far from entring into any Contest 
with the Honorable the Proprietaries about their or his own 
Right to the said Improvements, & Land adjoining thereto; 
But that he puts his Confidence entirely into your Honor's 
sentiments of Justice and equity, so that you will make him a 
suitable Recompence for his Labour & Losses. And your Peti- 
tioner shall ever pray, as in Duty bound. 

GERARD PENDERGRASS. 

On his Behalf, signed By ANNE PENDERGRASS. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 307 



OBSERVATIONS OF THE MANAGERS OF THE HOUSE 
OF EMPLOYMENT IN PHILADELPHIA. 



Phil.adkl.phia, February, D"' 1768. 

The Representation of the Conduct and observations of the 
Managers of the House of Employment in Philadelphia, and 
some Account of the Poor in the City of Philadelphia, District 
of Southwark, Township of Moyamensing, and the Northern 
Liberties, with Remarks on two Petitions to the House of As- 
sembly, from Southwark and Northern Liberties. The present 
Managers were chosen the 11 th Day of May last, when they 
found the Lots purchased and the Buildings nearly finished, 
which they have had compleated in the most plain and frugal 
manner. At present there are but two Managers who do not 
Reside in the City, and all of them hold Estates in the District 
or Townships, and several of them Estates of more Value than 
those they hold in the City. 

When the Lots were purchased and the Buildings erected, 
there were three Managers chosen from the District and Town- 
ships, who, from all the present Managers can learn, heartily 
concurred in purchasing the Lots and nearly finishing the 
Buildings, th" two of them now desire a separation. The Alms 
House was open for the Reception of the Poor about 16 th October 
last, when, or within a few Days, the Poor from the old Alms 
House went in, and about the same time those from Moyamens- 
ingand several from the Northern Liberties, tho<e from South- 
wark came in at several Times; and the overseers there being 
convinced of the Mischiefs of a separation, have Lately brought 
most of the Rest, and intend to bring all who are suitable Ob- 
jets. By an Account taken of the Number of People the Alms 
House and Home of Employment the o"' February, 1768, it ap- 
pears there are 284, of which there are about 60 Persons em- 
ployed in spinning, washing, Cooking, and sewing for The Peo- 
ple in the House, taken the necessary care of the Aged and In- 
firm and the Children, and Nursing the Lying-Inn Women, 
and other sick Persons, whose services, the Managers appre- 
hend, are generally nearly, if nor quite equal, to the expence 
of their Cloathing and Food ; and many of them, they believe, 
will be an advantage to the Institution, alth" every Person 
amongst them must have been relieved if thy had not been 

taken in, 60 

That there are at least 60 more who already do something 

towards their support, in picking Oacnm, mending Shoes 

& Cloaths, and other services about the House, and the 



308 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Managers expect, in a little Time, the Oeconomy of the 
House will be well settled, when their Labour will be of 

much more worth, 60 

Of the remaining Number there are, Blind, 7 or 8 

Children, about 44 

Women now Lying Inn or soon will be, abo', 12 

Poor objects belonging to the City District and Townships, 
or fell in Distress with them, 100 

284 

There are in the House about 50 Persons who have either 
gained a Residence or come to distress in the District ami Town- 
ships, and from all that we can learn, their Pensioners are more 
numerous and larger in Proportion than in the City, as great 
part of the latter have been taken into the House of Employ- 
ment. 

That the Managers have purchased and procured, chiefly 
with ready money, without which the Articles could not be 
Bought to the best Advantage, upwards of One Thousand 
Pounds value in Flax, Wool, Junk, Wheels, Looms, the neces- 
sary Implements and Materials for carrying on Manufactories 
to Advantage, and Bedsteads, Beds, Bed Cloaths, Tables, and 
various kinds of Household and Kitchen Furniture, necessary 
for such a number of People to keep them in a clean and Decent 
manner. 

The managers are well assured by many of the Citizens, and 
some of the Inhabitants of the Townships, that (tho' there are 
yet too many for want of Relief in the District and Townships 
Trouble the Inhabitants, )they are less burthen'd with Beggars, 
and contributions for the distressed this Winter than for many 
past, Alth the Navigation has been greatly obstructed by the 
Ice, and Employment for Labouring People, and money un- 
commonly scarce. 

The overseers of the Poor for this City, the Northern Liber- 
ties, Southwark, and Moyamensing, The Managers believe have 
usually Levied the following Taxes in the course of a year for 
the support of their Poor respectively. 

For the City about £1883 "P Annum by 3" a & 2 d Tax. For 
the Northern Liberties, by 3 d Tax we are informed they raise 
about £220, about one fourth of which falls on the Inhabitants 
of this City, owners of Estates there ; but this tax we are in- 
formed, hath been frequently found insufficient for the year, 
which render'd it necessary for the overseers to Levy a second 
Tax. 

Southwark near £120 by a 3 d Tax, and sometimes an Addi- 
tional Tax. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 309 

For Moyamensing, the Managers are informed near £40 hath 
been ra:'sed by a 3' 1 Tax, for the support of their Poor during 
the year, and they conceive it to be very insufficient for the 
purpose, as there are now Five Aged Persons in the House of 
their Poor, whom the Managers have been obliged to Cloath 
&c a 

From Passyunk the Managers have not received any Accounts 
of their Poor or their Taxes, alth there is one Person to sup- 
port in the House, who says he became Blind and in distress in 
that Township. The Managers may further observe, that the 
number of Persons who become distress'd and objects of the 
care of the overseers of the Poor, and this charitable Institu- 
tion are more numerous (in proportion) in the District and 
Townships than in this City, as the poor settles more in the 
suburbs where Rents are lower than within the Limits of the 
City. 

And from hence the Managers apprehend the Poor Rates in 
the District and Townships must necessarily (if separated) be- 
come, in a few years, much greater than they will be in the 
City. 

From the foregoing Account of the conduct and observations 
of the Managers and state of the Poor, They are to Remark on 
the two Petitions lately deliver'd into the House by some of the 
Inhabitants of Southwark, and the Inhabitants of the Northern 
Liberties, first, That altho' the Managers, as it was their Duty, 
did acquaint the several overseers of the City and Townships 
that the Treasurer ought to be furnished with Money to answer 
the Drafts of the Managers ;that the necessary Provisions might 
be made for the support & employment of the Poor, yet never 
directed the overseers to lay Taxes, or refused to receive and 
keep the Poor, or used any Threats as is asserted, nor are they 
conscious that the overseers of the Poor of the City, or them- 
selves, have made stretches of Power of any sort. 

Secondly. That there has been, from the first, two Inhabi- 
tants of Southwark chosen Managers of the Nomination of Con- 
tributors residing there. 

Thirdly, The Managers are at a loss to know how the Peti- 
tioners for a separation could say that there were none of the 
Poor of Southwark in the House at the Time they asserted it. 
Whether they consider the Law or the Fact, as they are to find 
that there either were before the Act passed for Incorporating 
or now are a great part of the (substantial) Inhabitants against 
being included in the Act, their property must be trifling to 
the whole when we consider that about |th of the Tax is paid 
by the Citizens; and of the remaining fths,weare informed that 
the Inhabitants, who have presented a Petition to the Honor- 



310 PAPERS RELATING TO 

able House against a separation pay above fths of the remain- 
der. And the Managers can inform the House that several of 
the Freeholders, who did sign the Petition for a separation, 
have assured them that they did use endeavours to have their 
Names erased, and are against it. And the Managers find the 
subscribers to that Petition, who have paid or are able to pay, 
and desire to have their Monies returned, (exclusive of such who 
have assured their Neighbouring Manager that they desire no 
such thing, ) are not so great a Proportion of the £600 mentioned 
as they are to pay of the Tax. To the 2 nd Paragraph of the 
Petition from the Northern Liberties, That the overseers 
thereof did, on 16 th October, deliver The Managers the follow- 
ing Account of the Poor they then had, and their situation, 
since which they have paid £20, and no more, into the Trea- 
sury, tho' there have been many for some^Time, Poor & Dis- 
tress'd, in the House which belong to them, from all which the 
Honorable House can judge of the Probability of their having 
but five Poor in the House. The Account given is as follows : 

Henry Gray, in 4 lh street with his Daughter, 4s. 6 p. Week, & 
8s. 4 Q r Rent; very old. 

Henry Newmire, near Norris's, in a House of William Mas- 
ter's, Gs. p. Week ; very old, and unable to get out of his House. 

Catharine Willing, at William Pearson's, in Kensington, 2s. 6 
p. Week ; can spin. 

Elizabeth Reckin, 2s. p. Week ; Residence unknown. 

John Lowrow, in Woodrow 's Alley, 2s. 6 p. Week, 20s. p. Q r 
Rent ; has a stocking Loom ; very old and Infirm. 

Luke Sutton, 6s. p. Week ; an Idiot. 

Michael Mending, 6s. p. Week ; with old Scandlin on the Hill ; 
very old ; Debauch 'd. 

Margaret Curfas, 2s. p. Week. 

John Collins, 4s. p. Week, 10s. p. Q r Rent; in Race street; 
Dropsical ; is orderl y ; can do many things ; has a Wife. 

Barbara Seely, 2s. p. Week ; in the County with her son in- 
Law : can spin & knit. 

Conrad Daniel Walter, 2s. 6 p. Week ; lives in Germantown ; 
old Age; Helpless; has a Wife; Industrious. 

Isaac Milnor, 2s. 6 p. Week; very near sighted ; Boy 15 years 
old. 

Margaret Killweather, Is. 6 p. Week; old; Picks up Rags. 

Michael Bumick, 2s. 6 p. Week ; with Lewis Trucksall, near 
the Barracks, a Taylor ; has a Hearty Old Wife ; he can do 
some Business. 

To the 3 rd Paragraph : 

Altho' the Act directs that all monies raised by the several 
overseers of the Poor shall be paid to the Treasurer, yet it has 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 311 

been uniformly the Conduct of the Managers to request the 
overseers of the City and Townships to hand such immediate Re- 
lief to the Distressed as should be necessary & ''easonable, and 
to pay such Pensioners who could not, with Propriety, be re- 
moved into the House, and whose situation & circumstances 
would not permit, with convenience, their calling on the Man- 
agers. 

The 4th Pa. : 

The Managers need not point out to the House the great care 
that should be taken in depriving any Freeman of his Liberty. 

On the 5th P a : 

"We "nave to observe that, before Managers were chosen, the 
Lots could not be purchased, nor the Buildings carried for- 
ward, and that, as soon as about £3000 were subscribed, Man- 
agers were chosen, and then the matter rested much with them, 
who were so closely Employ'd in the procuring Materials and 
erecting the Buildings. &c% that they had not Time to solicit 
subscriptions, from whence, and no other cause, it has been 
neglected, but the Managers hope will be reassumed shortly, 
and the well disposed, who can afford to give to this Benevolent 
Institution, will be waited on, and such as become contribu- 
tors will have an equal Right of Voting with the first contribu- 
tors, and can have no Reason to complain if they don't Intitle 
themselves to vote for Managers or be Voted for. 

Th" the present Managers are at a loss to discover how the 
Signers of that Petition, or The Sentiment Dresser can make it 
appear, that those who are not Contributors pay much more 
by a yearly charge on their Estates, than those who have Con- 
tributed, as Contribution does not exempt from Taxation. 

In the 6th Pa. 

They say that the District and townships have about 37 Poor 
in common & of course the City must have 265, being the re- 
mainder of the 302, which from the best state of the Matter the 
Managers can obtain, is not candid, but that they have given 
the number they have in a favourable season of the year, and 
that of the City at a more severe season, and from this wrong 
representation they assert they ought to pay but ^th the 
Amount of all the Poor Taxes rais'd in the City, District and 
Townships, when what they acknowlege they have usually paid 
is above Jth, but the Managers are persuaded that if many of 
their Poor had not been taken into the House {th of the whole 
Tax would not have supported the District and Townships 
Poor, and Relieve those who come to Distress amongst them, 
in such a manner as it ought to be done. As to the proportion 
to be paid for the Lots, and Cost of Building the Alms House 



312 PAPERS RELATING TO 

and House of Employment by the District and Townships, or 
of the Money which the old Alms House require, an unequal 
burthen on others ; But inasmuch as the Money to be paid by 
the District & Townships, on that Account is not to be Com- 
pleted untill Ave years after the sale of the said Lot and Build- 
ings ; Whether that is an object which calls for the immediate 
Determination of the Honourable House, or may not with pro- 
priety be postponed to a future time, when the due proportions 
to be raised may be ascertained with greater Precision than 
can now be done; The Managers submit to the Honourable 
House of Assembly. 



JOHN LUKENS TO THOMAS PENN. 

Philad% May 23", 1 768. 
Honoured Friend : 

1 have, ^R favour of Captain Story, of the Ship Unity, sent 
a small Book of Draughts & plans of Land Surveyed & Re- 
turned for the Hon llc Proprietaries use, up to this time, except 
several small Towns, in order to agree w tu , I do not well know 
what to do with. This, I hope, will in some measure, shew 
that I keep in mind what has been wrote to me on that head. 
I have, as was required in some former Letters, made myself, 
in part, acquainted with several of their appropriated Tracts 
of Lands, which are not so good as 1 expected them to be, and 
am surprised to find those along Delaware River, about Rend- 
ing Town & Carlisle, almost stript of their Timber, which was 
what made them Valuable. Some Time ago, I made a Tour 
over the mountains to Shamokin, from thence thro' the Juni- 
ata Settlement, Shareman's Valley, & crossed the mountains 
to the uppper part of York County. Laid out the Manor of 
Maske. In This journey of about 500 miles, I saw a, variety of 
Hills & Deals, and some very good Land, which the Surveyors 
have Laid out. At Shamokin, is a tine place for a Town, being 
the junction of the two branches of Susquehanna, if the Land 
was purchased. I Hope the foregoing Hints will not be taken 
amiss, from him, who is your 

assured Friend to Serve, 

JNO. LUKENS. 
To the Hon 11 ' Thomas Penn, E.squire. 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 313 

The Hon h ' e Proprietaries to John. Lukens, 8. G. 

1768. From June 8 th To July 9"'. Dr. 

To Sundry expenses in Laying out the Manor of 

Springetsbury in the County of York. 

To my Expenses going up to York Town, £1. 10. 4 

To Cash paid 2 Chain Carriers for 18 day attendance 
a 4 s. $ day, 7. 4. 

To Dito paid three Axman to clear & open the way, & 
make the Lines, 16 days' attendance, a 4 s, | Day, 
each, 9. 12. 

To Cash paid Philip Gray bill, for provisions & Liquors 
for seven, and sometimes eight, while laying out the 
said Manor, and his attending on us while in the 
woods, and Hay & Oats for our Horses, 34.9.7 

To my attendance 25 days on the above service, a 20 s. 

?d, 25.-.- 

To my expense on my Return Home, 1. 8. 7 

To Returning s li Manor into the Secretaries Office, & 
Three Draft made thereof — one for the Hon ,,le Proprie- 
taries, The Secretaries, & Surveyor Oen 1 Office, 3.0.0 

£82. 4. 6 



JOHN LUKENS TO THOMAS PENN. 



Philadelphia, Feb. 21 st , 1769. 
Honorable Sir: I did intend before now to have sent you 
a Copy of the Survey of the manor of Springetsbury, in the 
County of York, which I runout in June Last, Containing 64,- 
500 & upwards, most part of which is settled, but as I laid it 
down Large with interest to describe the several Tracts within 
t he same when they Can be obtained, I must Waite a Convey- 
ance for it in the Secretaries Box. I am well convinced had 
(ieo. Stevenson run it out. when the warrant was first directed 
to him, in the year 1762, The Proprietaries would have been a 
Thousand pounds gainers by it. I have lately returned into 
the Secretaries office four surveys, made by W m Scull, within 
the new purchase, Viz- Wioming, Fort Augusta, & Munsey 
Creek, Copies of which is delivered to R. Hockley, Esq. , for you. 
And I intend to send Copies of those, & all in the Book of Re- 
turns of Land, that maybe surveyed for you in the s rl purchase. 



314 PAPERS RELATING TO 

One thing I cannot help mentioning to you, which I think very 
singular : W m Scull Surveyed the above mentioned four Ti'acks 
of Land and thirty-seven Island in the Susquehanna (some of 
w ch are very valuable). The Fees which Scull should have paid 
me for my receiving, examining, & Fileing those surveys, 
amounted to about twenty pounds, which, he informs me, is 
stoped out of his Bill & I am not to be paid, it being alledged 
I have done nothing for it, which is a great mistake. It never 
hath been before disputed, but every Deputy Surveyor hath 
constantly paid the fees for the Proprietary Surveys, as well as 
others. Therefore, I hope you will be kind enough to order 
my Customary fees to be paid me, as my office has no other sup- 
port but the several small Fees. Was there a sallery annexed 
to it, I should then be of the Secretaries oppinion, that the 
Proprietaries should not be charged with fees for any services 
we did for them. But this matter I submit to yourself. And 
while I am thus scrawling to give you some account of what 
Relates to myself, permit me to give you a short detail of 
things which, I think concerns your own Interest : Shortly 
after the Purchase was made sundry Warrants was Issued for 
surveying Lands for the Proprietaries use on Susquehanna, 
& sundry others was expected for other places, which, I be- 
lieve, was all that Mr. Hockley, The Receiver Gen', and my- 
self expected would be done untill orders should be received 
from you in what manner to proceed, but, on the 3 d of this 
month, M>. Hockley, the Rec r Gen 1 , & myself had notice from 
the Secretary to attend at the Governor's at 10 o'clock, which 
we did, and found the Secretary & James Hamilton, Esq r , there, 
when we were informed by the Secretary it was necessary to 
Consult in what manner, on what term, and time, the Office 
should be opened, as the Secretary had often found great fault 
with the application scheme, and of the People, not paying the 
money Down. We did expect he had prepared some other 
plan, and also an advertisement to publish the terms, that 
would not be liable to so many objections as he had often made 
to that scheme, but. to our great surprise, we found he had not 
prepared either, but proposed the app u scheme without the 
payment of any money Down, and urged the necessity of going 
into it immediately, that the land might be granted to per- 
sons who would settle the same (without paying any money 
down), & thereby prevent the settlement of a number of New- 
Englanders, who, it was said, was on their way to settle at 
Wioming, & in the forks of Susquehanna. I must Confess, I 
did not Like that the New Englanders should Get any footing 
there, but was for having it granted to our own Farmers, a 
number of whome, I appi-ehended, would apply as soon as they 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 315 

should hear the office was open, and pay down tneir money. 
Mr. Hockley & the Receiver Gren 1 were not much frightened at 
the New England Settlers, and were warm for haveing some 
part of the money down, but in that we were overuled, & I 
apprehend the office was to be immediately opened, and to 
appearance it was, for on the next day a number of applica- 
tions was entered, & have been so from time to time, & sent 
up for large Tracts of Land without any Intention, I believe, 
of making many Settlements thereon, and that, in the very 
Tract of Country the New Englanders threaten to take from 
us, this Conduct, with our being Called again on the 18 th 
Instant to Consult about opening the office, seems to me very 
surprising, but not more so than the undue influence used in 
pushing some persons into the office of Deputy Surveyors in 
part of the new purchase, at this juncture, Contrary to my 
Judgment. But I have, with the advice and assistance of the 
Receiver (xen 1 , brought several of them within such a Compass 
that, I think, they may survey the Land in their own Districts 
themselves, having made most of them small. Fearing I have 
intruded on your Patiance already, I shall not add more, but, 
sincearly wishing you Health & Happyness, I remain your 
assured Friend, to serve 

JN° LUKENS. 

To the Hon"" Thomas Penn, Esquire, one of the Proprie- 
taries of Pennsylvania. 

P. S. Yesterday Mess rs Jordon, Stewart & Ogden Came to 
Town from Wioming & Easton, & Informe that a few of the 
New En" had been at Wioming, but had Returned again To- 
wards their own Country very Quietly, after asking if they 
might not be permitted to take up Land on your Terms, so 
that this affair turned out very trifeling, as was by some of 
us expected. 



WILLIAM KILLEN TO NICHOLAS SCULL. 

Dover, Aug. 5" 1 , 1769. 
Sir : I Received your Letter of 8"' of June last, inclosing my 
Return of Dushane's survey of Part of Dragon swamp, which 
I have corrected by my Field Book and the Copy I have by 
me, and sent it to you again. I perceive by your Letter that 
your sagacity easily pointed out my Mistake, which, you will 
find by the Alteration now made, was no other than an over- 
sight or a bare omission in setting down the Course of one of 
the Lines, that is S. 50 E., instead of S. ."Hi E. , for I think the 



316 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Protraction is Right. This is an undeniable evidence of the 
weakness of the mental faculties, and that care is necessary 
even in transacting Business, were a Man never so well ac- 
quainted with it. 1 have also sent Duplicates of Rich 1 Smith's 
Return, one whereof please to file in your office, and return 
the other, certified, to me. The sending this Paper will oblige 
me, as it will be a means of my getting a sum of Money, which 
otherwise I shall be in Danger of losing. You seem to have 
mistaken my Meaning. In mentioning D r M°Call to you as a 
person I intended to«employ as an assistant in my surveying 
Business, I Never had the least Intention to employ him gener- 
ally to survey for me, but only to make particular surveys 
where neither the Value of the Land nor any Circumstance at- 
tending it required any great Knowledge in the Profession, and 
to gain a little more time to prosecute the study of the Law, by 
neglecting whereof and depending entirely upon the inconsider- 
able Profits of my surveying Business, my Family was reduced to 
Indigence and Distress; and you know I have not been so happy 
as to be thought worthy of any Place of Profit in the Grovern-- 
nient. However, while I hold the surveyor's office, I Hope I 
shall always make it Matter of Conscience to do my Duty. As 
to M c Call, your opinion of him is the same with my own, and 
a Shakespear could not draw his true character. Tho, I know 
him to be Honest and indefatigable in the Pursuit of some 
Points of Knowledge, I would not recommend him or any 
other Person I am acquainted with as every way qualified to be 
your Deputy. Upon the whole, I hope that neither you nor 
Mr. Peters will lie displeased with me for employing a Person 
occasionally to do Business for me in the surveying Way, when 
my legal Fees will not enable me to do it myself and my Prac- 
tice in the Law renders my staving at home absolutely neces- 
sary. If you should prohibit me this privilege, I must give up 
oneBusiness for another that will better enable me to keep 
my family from starving. I Hope you will not imagine from 
what I have said that I am desirous of resigning the Office of 
Deputy Surveyor. No, Sir; that is not my meaning. It is no 
more than this: If the Alternative was proposed to me, either 
to give up the Surv ,s Office or to hold it to the Nelgecting of 
my Practice in the Law. I would chase to do the first ; But 
the Profits of both Businesses are not more than sufficient to 
keep me from Penury. I sent by the Post, last week, for Two 
Warrants. He pretends that the Secretary would not grant 
them then, nor sooner than three or four weeks from that 
time. I shall be obliged to you for letting me know whether 
this be Fact. and the reason of it Mr. Peters has lately granted 
several Warrants to Persons who apply'd to him without my 



PROVINCIAL AFFAIRS. 317 

Privity; and others have apply'd to me to procure them war- 
rants for the same Lands, which I have always done as soon as 
I could, being altogether a Stranger to the applications made 
at the office. As this Practice must necessarily occasion dis- 
putes, I should be glad to know whether Mr. Peters granting 
these warrants to People ontheir own application was acci- 
dental, or if he intends to do so always, that I may deport my- 
self agreeably to the Directions I shall receive, to prevent a 
Multiplicity of Grants from being made for the same Lands. 
I had almost forgot to tell you that Clark's Land, mentioned 
in Dushane's Return, binds on Dragon Swamp, but includes 
no part of it. That Clark himself was of the opinion that his 
Land did not include any part of Dragon swamp is evident 
from his having taken a warrant for some part of the swamp, 
by virtue whereof 1 myself surveyed so much and such part of 
the swamp as he thought was worth the paying for. You will 
see a part of this survey in Dushane's Return. I am, Es- 
teemed Sir, 

Your most obliged H ble Serv', 

WILL. KILLEN. 



MATTHEW CLARK SON TO WILLIAM PETERS. 

Phila., February IMh, 1770. 
Sir: You do me great Injury if you apprehend in Me the 
least Reluctance to settle the Affairs that were mentioned to 
Me the other Day, before Mr. Morgan's Departure. So far 
from it, that I am anxious to have brought to an Issue. But 
permit Me to assure you, however unfavourable your senti- 
ments may be of my Disposition toward you, that a Recollec- 
tion of that Friendly Intercourse which once subsisted be- 
tween us, is not entirely effaced, that I should be backward, 
very backward, to injure your Fortune or Reputation. The 
Confidence you once placed in Me, has put both in my Power. 
I f'corn, however, to make use of the Advantages I have unless 
compell'd thereto in vindication of my Conduct & Character. 
And, therefore, that you may be convinced that I do not aim 
to shelter myself under a pretended security, permit me to refer 
you to the Letters that were, from Time to Time, .wrote, both 
to Mr. Jennings & me in C'omp v , & to myself, singly by your 
House and by your self, especially, y" Company's Letters to 
Mr. Jennings & Me, of May 5 th & ll'\ 17(17. Your own Penetra- 
tion makes it unnecessary for me to point out the particular 



318 PAPERS RELATING TO 

Paragraphs to which I allude. If you should not be satisfied, 
upon a Perusal of our Correspondence, that your every Con- 
cern was entrusted to Me, & still press for a Reference, must 
inform you that I cannot to any other, that that every English- 
man considers, as one of the most valuable Parts of the Con- 
stitution, a tryal by Jury. Whatever Light this Letter may 
appear to you it, be assured it does not proceed from any appre- 
hensions, but what arise from the Consequences of publishing 
Transactions, which may have an unfavorable aspect to the 

World. 

I am, Sir, 

Your hub 1 Serv', 

MATTH: CLARKSON. 



ARCHIBALD McCLEAN TO RICHARD PETERS. 

May 28 th . 1770. 

Reverend Sir: Yours of this Date, I have received, and am 
extremely sorry if any disadvantage should accrue to you on 
account of your Draft not being in Town. I have been for 
some Time engaged in the execution of the surveys of the lands 
of Miss Freame, at Perkassa, and am just now on the comple- 
tion of the general Plan of the whole, otherwise I should not 
have delayed so long I have enclosed my Draft and Remarks, 
as taken on the spot, & as I had call'd at your House when last 
in Town, for the order, or request, to the surveyor general, (The 
Tract not being in my District,) & also, for the Date of your 
Right, without which, I could not make a formal Return; & 
you, sir, not being at Home to furnish me therewith, I could 
not, without those Requisites present the same. If any Thing 
farther is necessary, I am to be down as on Wednesday next with 
the other Plans, at which Time, if convenient to you, sir, I 
will wait on you, and, in the mean Time, Rest your obliged, 
& with due Regard, 

Your most Humble Servant, 

ARCH d McCLEAN. 

To Mr. Richard Peters. 

P. S. The Plan shows the outside Lines of the Whole. The 
Part wrote with black Ink, the Part remaining ; and that in 
Red Ink the Parts taken off, &c. 

I would go down as on to Morrow, but the Manor People are, 
by appointment, to be with me, & I am desirous of seeing Mr. 
Hamilton. 



* 



PAPERS 



RELATING TO THE 



BOUNDARY DISPUTE 



BETWEEN 



PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND, 

1734-1760. 



(319) 




«* 



I 










- 




J 






I 








m 




^filffel 



(320) 



PAPEKS RELATING TO THE BOUNDARY 

DISPUTE BETWEEN PENNSYLVANIA 

AND MARYLAND. 



INSTRUCTIONS TO THE PROVINCIAL COMMISSION- 
ERS TO MARYLAND. 



Instructions from The Proprietaries of the Province of Pennsyl- 
vania, & Counties of Newcastle, Kent, & Sussex on Delaware, 
Unto Andrew Hamilton, Esq r , and John Georges, of the said 
Province, on their Journey to Annapolis, in the Province of 
Maryland. 

On your arrival at Annapolis, you are desired at the most 
proper time to attend Samuel Ogle, Esq r , Lieu 1 Governour of 
Maryland, who will have notice of your appointment in behalf 
of this Government to apply to him, and to represent to him 
in writing to the following effect : That the Province of Mary- 
land, and the Province of Pennsylvania, with the three Coun- 
ties of Newcastle, Kent, & Sussex, being contigious to each 
other, have never yet had their mutual Boundaries determined 
or actually fixt in such a manner, but that there has always 
been room for Disputes between the Borderers on both sides 
concerning their Claims and Possessions, and to which Pro- 
vince, or Grovernment, they of Right belonged. 

That divers such disputes have thereupon arisen, especially 
of later years, when settlements were, by the Increase of the 
Inhabitants, extended further towards each other, and Differ- 
ences from thence ensued which have occasional Complaint to 
the greater uneasiness of the respective Proprietors. 

That, in a just sense of this, the present Lord Proprietor of 
Maryland and my Mother, as executrix of my Father's Will, 
did enter into a joint agreement on the 17 th of February, 172^, 
whereby it is mutually stipulated by & between them "That, 
"for avoiding of all manner of Contention or Differences be- 
"t ween the Inhabitants of the said Provinces, no Person or 
"Persons shall he disturbed or molested in their Possession on 
"either side, nor any Lands be survey'd, taken up, or granted 
"in either of the said Provinces, near the Boundaries, which 
"have been claimed or pretended to on either side. 
21— Vol. VII. (321) 



322 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

" This agreement to continue for the space of eighteen months 
'•from the Date hereof, In which time 'tis hoped the Boundarys 
"will be determined & Settled." 

That this agreement, tho' said to be for 18 months only after 
its Date, yet the following & closing Words of it, Viz 1 : "In 
which time 'tis hoped the Boundarys will be determined & 
settled," plainly shew that as well the Equity of it as the Inten- 
tion of the Proprietors was that it should remain for such long- 
er time as the compleating a final agreem 1 and the Settling those 
Boundarys should require ; and, accordingly, such a final 
agreem 1 being delay d by Reason of the Disputes between the 
Branches of our Family concerning the Inheritance, the Grov- 
ernours of both Provinces thought themselves oblig'ed, for 
preserving Peace between his Majesties subjects, to act agree- 
ably to the same, and that part of it relating to new surveys 
was, as well as the other, carefully observ'd by the Land Office 
for Pennsylvania, tho' lately divers large surveys were made 
by the authority of Maryland. 

That at length, in the year 1731, the Propriety of Pennsyl- 
vania, and the said three Counties, having been fully settled in 
the present Proprietors thereof, the Lord Baltimore made over- 
tures for the full and absolute Determination & fixing of their 
mutual Boundaries, which were, after many months Delibera- 
tion, finally agreed on, and on the 10 th Day of May, in the en- 
suing year 1732, articles of that agreement were mutually ex- 
ecuted, wherein a most earefull Provision was made for the 
ease & security of all his Majesty's subjects whose estates or 
Possessions should be affected by them, as by the said articles 
fully appears, and Commissioners were appointed for running 
and marking out the Lines & Boundaries thereby directed. 

That altho' by one Clause of the said Articles they were ren- 
dered voidable in case a certain failure on the part of the Com- 
missi of either side should happen, whereon a forefeiture was to 
ensue; yet by the equal Care of the Commiss™ on both sides 
effectual measures were taken to prevent such a forefeiture, 
whereby the said articles and agreement now remain in full 
Force, to be executed either by a further appoint . . of the 
Proprietors, or by a superior authority, to whom such Direction 
may belong. 

That the Grovernm 1 of Pennsylvania, notwithstanding all the 
Complaints that have been made to the contrary, have always 
proceeded with such Tenderness and regard to Maryland, that 
not one Person of that Province has ever been imprisoned in 
Pennsylvania, nor any held to answer at Court by reason of any 
Disturbance given, (tho' there have been many, ) on acco 1 of 
such Disputes, save one in Case of a notorious Riot, on which. 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 323 

nevertheless, the Delinquent was, in Regard to the Cause of 
Difference, with the utmost Lenity, discharged, & even without 
Costs, & those Persons who very lately were, with the greatest 
Insult & violation of common . . . . place by a most turbulent 
man on the Lands of a Person's Plantation who had been 
peaceably possessed of it some years before any of Maryland was 
known to pretend any manner of Claim there, which Persons 
having been remov'd in the most legal manner, & obliged to 
give Bail to answer for their Trespass, were treated with great 
Civility, and all who appeared being made sensible of their 
mistake, were very easily dismissed. Yet it is with great Con- 
cern the Gfovernm 1 of Pennsylvania behold their People treated 
in a very different manner by Maryland. Two Persons, John 
Hendricks and Joshua Minshall, both seated some miles further 
North than the Citv of Philadelphia, on Lands that Maryland 
had not, as far as can be learn'd, ever made the least Claim or 
pretense to before their settlem*, being, then, as they had be- 
fore liv'd, in the Peace of the King at their own Habitations, 
have been forcibly carried off and kept Prisoners to this time, 
in Annapolis Coal. And two others, Thomas Rothwell, Jun r , 
& .Tared Rothwell, have been in like manner taken when they 
were also in the King's Peace, & carried off their Plantations, 
made on a Tract in Newcastle County, survey 'd & granted by 
the authority of Pennsylvania, near fifty years since. & on 
which there never was any survey on the part of Maryland, aa 
far as can be found on Enquiry, till 16 years after it was en- 
tered on & possessed in my Father's Right. And as these Pro- 
ceedings are but late, it cannot be apprehended how far& how 
long the like may be carried & continued, if proper measures 
be not taken to put a stop to such Irregularities. 

That as the great end of Grovernm* is to maintain the sub- 
ject in Peace & sceurity, and it being impossible to preserve 
Peace without some certain Jurisdiction, that every Person 
may know to what Law & Magistracy he is accountable, there- 
fore, tho' there should be any Doubts or Disputes about the 
Title to the soil; yet Government is too sacred & of too great 
Importance to suffer any uncertainty, especially amongst those 
who are accountable to the same Sovereign. Pennsylvania 
has been possessed of & maintained its Grovernm* for more than 
these 30 years past, as far South as the mouth of Octararoe 
Creek, or near it, nor has Maryland ever exercised Jurisdiction, 
that is known in Pennsylvania, over the Inhabitants to the 
Northward of those Limits, till within these last 2 or 3 years, 
about the time when an absolute Boundary was agreed on by 
the Proprietors, the Position of which may, without new actual 
surveys, be pretty nearly discover'd, for the . . . limits of 



324 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

Pennsylvania time Maryland has on the Western side 

of Sasquehanna extended its Claim to the Northward, without 
Bounds or Limitation, as appears by the seizing of the two 
Persons that have been first above named. 

That, as in Justice to the common subjects of our Sovereign, 
who will not allow any of them to be oppressed, or to suffer 
otherwise than as they transgress his laws, there is an absolute 
necessity to put some effectual stop to such Proceedings, in 
order whereunto you now wait on Governour Ogle to desire 
his Resolution on these . . . . , and if he think fitt to concur 
in it, to conclude on some certain Terms by which .... Peace 
amongst all his Majesty's subjects in such part of the Country, 
the Right to which has been disputed, may be secured till such 
time as either the Boundaries may be absolutely runn, or till 

his Majesties Pleasure may be known 

may very easily be done in a manner .... not 

in the least prejudice the Claims of either of the Proprietors. 

These Terms are authorized and desired, by all the means in 
your Power, to procure, to be settled on the foot of the agreem' 
between the Proprietors in London in the year 1724, with this 
exception only, if it may be, that both Provinces shall be at 
Liberty to make any Surveys on Lands, not possessed by others 
within those limits,as near as they can be determined, that are 
agreed by the articles of 1732. And such agreem' as you shall 
enter into on these Heads shall be further ratified here. But, 
if the Governor of Maryland should unhappily, as 'tis hoped 
he will not, decline entering into such pacifick Means, on end- 
ing your Treaty, it will be proper for you to draw up a full acco' 
of the Proceedings in writing, with Copies of what Papers may 
pass between You, and a summary acco' of other Transactions, 
and to close the whole with a Protest against the Governor of 
Maryland for all the Mischief, Losses, & Disturbances that may 
ensue, and to get the same taken in as authentick a manner 
as shall be found practicable there. But this is referred to your 
Discretion & the Judgment that you will be the better able to 
make there. Y T ou may also, by the same Rule, vary from such 
Part of these Instructions in such manner as you -may find 
cause to believe will best contribute to the end proposed, which 
you will constantly have fixed in your view. 

Given under my Hand, at Philadelphia, this 14 tb Day of May, 
1734. 

THO. PENN. 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 325 



LIST OF PAPERS TAKEN TO MARYLAND IN MAY, 1734. 



Indian Purchase made by the Dutch of Lands between Bom- 
bay Hook & Cape Hinlopen, about 30 miles inward to the Coun- 
try—A 1659. 

Peter Alricks' Testimony about y e Lands purchas'd by the 
Dutch. 

Coll Dungan's Purchase of Lands on Susquehannah — A 1683. 

D° Lease & Release to W. Penn, Esq 1 ", for D°— 1696. 

Proposicons by the Cajouges relating to Susquehannah Lands 
-1683. 

D° Onnondages, &c a , before Gov" 5 of Virginia & New York 
—1684. 

D° by y e Cajouges & Onnondages 1683— ill intended but well 
concluded. 

Arnout's answer from the Indians about Susquehannah 
Lands. 

Proposicons to y e Indians, with their answer— 1683. 

R. Leviston's Certificate about Susquehannah Lands. 

2 original orders of Council in Nov', 1685, Janu rv , 1709. 

B. East burn's Copy of Chamber's Line from Skuylkill Ferry 
to Susquehanna. 

John Buckly's affid ts about L' 1 Baltimore's Line 

Coll" Talbot's Demand, 26 th Ap 1 , 1684. 

L* Baltimore's Commission to Col. Talbot, with his Demand, 
& Gov r Penn's Answer. 

Copys of several Records from New York relating to Lands 
possess 'd by the Dutch on the River Delaware. 

Lord Bait. Lett r to Gov r Cordon, 15 th Febry, 1732. 

Ogle to Cordon, 24 ,h ffebry, 173J. 

Cordon to Ogle, 8 Mar., 173f. 

Agreem 1 between Prop rs of Pensil a & Maryland, 17 ,h ffeb. , 172f. 

Representacon of Mess" Ross & Carrol, of Maryland, sent to 
Cordon by Ogle in a Lett", dated 10 th July, 1732. 

W m Daugharty's Affid ls touching Moncey's Imprissonm' 8 . 

Sam 1 Moncey's affida ts Do. 

Affidavits of Thorn & Fowler ab' Cressap's double Dealing. 

Do. of Emerson's, Comajes', Ashton's, & Hendricks ab 1 Do. 

18 Affid ,s from Kent on Newton's affairs. N. B. All sent to 
L a B. except 16, 17, 18. 

Extract of S. Blunston's Lett r ab 1 . Hendricks & Minshall. 

Provincial Warr* for apprehending John Nicholls, John Hen- 
dricks, & others. 



326 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

Gordons & Council's Committm' of John Hendricks & Joshua 
Minshail. 

Michael Dooling' Dep u relating to Cressap & Daunt. 

Coroner's Inquisition on Knoles Daunt s Death. 

W m GlasphTs Dep Q relating to Cressap & Daunt. 

50 printed Cases of W. P. against L d B. touching the Coun- 
ties. 

5 articles of agreem' & Comission. 



"DIFFICULTIES THAT THE PROPRIETARY AFFAIRS 
OF THE PROVINCE OF PENNSYLVANIA AT PRE- 
SENT LIE UNDER WHICH CRAVE A SPEEDY RE- 
DRESS." 

The Royal Grant for Maryland bounds that Province by the 
Ocean and Delaware Bay to the Eastward, and by the 40 th 
Degree of Latitude to the Northward. From the first of these 
Boundaries the Lord Baltimore claims all the three Lower 
Counties, tho' annexed to Pensilvania for fforty years past, 
notwithstanding the Order of the King in Council, in 1685, ad- 
judicating those Counties from that Lord and adjudging them 
to y e King, who designed them, as was understood, for our Pro- 
prietor, and the allegations made for this on the part of Mary- 
land are, that no order of Council can determine the Property 
of the subject, which, they say can be only done by the Law 
of the Land ; ffor the Northern Boundary of Maryland y e Lord 
Baltimore claims to the Parallel of 40 deg s complete, wch. , tho' 
it seems not to have been suppos'd at the time of y e Grant, 
yet tis now Discovered by more exact observations upon Land 
that it will come up as far, if not to y e Northw' 1 of Philadelphia. 
By the care and Vigilance of y e Government of Pensilvania this 
Province has hitherto found means to hold all the Lands to the 
Eastward of Sasquehannah. as far to the Southward as the 
Grant for Pensilv a seemed to intend, which was formerly more 
easily practicable than of late, for upon the Restoration of that 
Governm 1 to y e Lord Proprietor, he, with those concerned for 
him, now seem determined to press their claims, especially to 
the Northward, with a Resolution & Courage which extremely 
embarass this Province. 

The Governour, as well as those concerned in Proprietary 
affairs, strenuously oppose these attempts, But, as this cannot 
be done without great trouble and Charge, which last, 'tis 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 327 

judged, ought to fall on the Proprietor, the mortgage of the 
Province to the Trustees for raising a sum of money renders it 
more difficult to advance what is necessarily required, which y e 
agents, notwithstanding, have been obliged, tho' with Reluct- 
ancy, to doe, for y e Interest of y e whole. But the measures 
that have hitherto been sucessfull are no longer likely to prove 
so against the more vigorous attempts that Maryland is now 
making, and nothing can settle the Peace of Pensilvania on 
that side but an entire adjustment of the Boundaries, which, 
therefore, y e Proprietor of this Province ought to make with- 
out delay, on ye most advantageous terms he can to himself ; 
for it is to be remembered that His Interest is chiefly concerned 
in it, because 'tis generally believed that the People might be 
secured of holding their Possessions on no harder Conditions 
than agreeing to change their Landlord. The claims of both 
Provinces, with what can Vie alleged on the part of Pensilvania, 
have been fully stated and sent over some years agoe to the 
Proprietor's family, but the arguments there advanced pass 
not Current with Maryland. 

Besides the Claims made by the Lord Baltimore on y e three 
Counties of New Castle, Kent, & Sussex, the Crown makes an- 
other more dangerous. The Duke of York granted to the late 
Proprietor y e greatest part of those Counties, with a Reserva- 
tion of one half of the Proffits to himself and his Heirs, but 
when this was done, The Duke had himself no other Title to 
them than y e possession, tho' he obtained one afterwards from 
King Charles by a Patent taken out at our Prop rs charge. 
Upon his accession to the Throne, He agreed to grant those 
Counties absolutely, by Letters Patent, to our Proprietor, but 
they never pass'd the Broad Seal. Upon this the Crown Still 
considers them as within its power to Grant. On this foot it 
was that the Lord Southerland, at the Instance of Kenneth 
Grordan, applied for them, since which the People have abso- 
lutely refused the Payment of any Quittrents, and now 'tis 
affirmed that these Counties are offered by the Crown to Brig- 
adier Hunter, late Governour of New York, in compensation 
of certain sums of money disbursed by him on the Palatines 
and otherwise, by the Late Queen's orders, which Proposal, 
should it take effect, would prove of pernicious consequences 
to the Proprietors Interest in the Province, as well as totally 
destructive to it in those Counties. 

The Islands in the River Delaware were granted to our late 
Proprietor by the Duke of York in y e same Deeds with the 
Lower Counties, but the Deeds being found Defective, for 
want, as has been said, of a Title in the Duke, the Crown has 
also considered these so much within its Power to grant, that 



328 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

large advances have been made by another towards obtaining 
them directly from the Crown, which would also be a great In- 
con veniency to y° Province, especially should the soil of the 
River be Granted with the Islands, a-; it was by y e Duke of 
York's Deeds to our Proprietor, for in that case the Title of all 
the water Lotts of Philadelphia and Wharfs upon the River 
would become at least Disputable, to y e great Loss of the Pro- 
prietor, (who has a Considerable Interest in them,) as well as 
of the People. The present agents to the Trustees, who. during 
y° late Proprietor's life, had a Power from him to act as His 
Commissioners of Property, since his Decease, have now no 
other authority than what they derive from y e Trustees alone, 
and y e Title to the Propriety lying undecided, leaves room for 
many undue practices in numbers of lose People, who also take 
encouragmeent from y e Governm 1 not being duly settled in 
some person who might take such measures in Britain as to 
exert himself in its Defense. 

These Difficulties, tho' they are far short of all that might be 
mentioned, will plainly shew of what absolute necessity it is that 
effctual measures be taken, without delay, by those Interested 
in the Propriety of this Province and y e adjacent Counties, to 
procure an entire settlement of them, without which their In- 
terest, in all Probability, will inevitably be ruined, and under 
the present Circumstances of the Colony no proper Remedy can 
be applied by any in it for prevention. 



MEMORANDUMS OF MR. GEORGES' CONDUCT AT 
ANNAPOLIS. 



Annapolis, 24 th May, 1734. 
Memd m : 

In our Paper, delivered this day, A. H. wou'd have agreed 
to have join'd with Ogle in a Representacon to his Maj tie , for 
fixing the Boundarys between the two Provinces; but J. G. , 
Supposing that wou'd be in a manner giving up the art" of 
agreemS thought it highly improper to offer, but proposed it's 
being left to the Prop rs themselves or their Lieu 1 Gov rs . 

26 May. 
In answer to Ogle's Paper of yesterday, reflecting upon us 
for not having sufficient Power to treat, A. H. was again for 
having us offer to join in a Representacon to his Maj ,r , for limit- 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 329 

ing the Boundarys, without any Regard to the art s of agreem 1 , 
& said that we might very safely do it, for he was sure if we con- 
sented, Ogle wou'd fly off again, & some how or other artfully 
evade it ; but J. Gr. thought that it wou'd be not only running 
too great a Risque, but exceeding our Powers, and propos'd to 
join with him in a Representation to his Maj ty to enforce the 
execution of the articles of agreem 1 . 

May, 1736. 

I do hereby certifie that the foregoing is a true Copy of mem- 
orandums, taken as above specified. 

JOHN GEORGES. 



LETTER TO MR. COOKSON ABOUT EXTENSION OF 
TEMPORARY LINE.— 1747. 



Sir : I am uneasy about the repeated information I have 
received that orders are actually issued by the Government of 
Maryland, to extend the Temporary Line, & that Cressup has 
directions to survey for the* Governor large Tracts of Land to 
the Northward of Potowmack, at a considerable distance from 
Charles Poaks or the Northern Bend, & that Numbers are going 
into that Country to settle there. If the Marylanders in the 
extension of the Line, shou'd not Act a fair part, they might 
do infinite Damage to our prop", and how to prevent it I am 
at a loss, & before I can have an answer from the prop rs the 
mischief may be done, & I incur blame, or at least an Imputa- 
tion of great Negligence. To obviate all hurt that may be done 
to the Prop" Interest, & all Reflections that maybe thrown on 
me, I have consulted the Governor, & as he expresses ignorance 
of these affairs, & is determined to leave the Government, he 
refers it to me ; & if you have no objection, I propose, & accord- 
ingly request it of you, that you make all the enquiry you can, 
what foundation there is for these Reports, & what the Mary- 
landers are doing. & that you in the most prudent manner 
possible, & so as not to occasion any alarm, take one or two 
with you & extend the Line beyond the Little & Big Coves, 
and wherever you find large Tracts of Good Land survey them 
for the use of the prop", not to be granted or settled, for that 
wou'd interfere with the prop" Engagements to the Indians, 
not to grant before a purchase from them ; But to prevent any 
prior Claim being unjustly laid by any of the Maryland Land- 



mo PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

jobbers, or any of Cressup's Creatures. And as I am very well 
informed That the Hill on which we ended the Temporary 
Line, is not one of the main Ridge of the Kittoehtenny Hills, 
but one of a flight of Hills to the Eastward and Southward of 
the Blue Mountains, pray examine where the main body of 
those hills is , the middle or highest Ridge whereof is, I con- 
ceive the Boundary of the Indian purchase ; & to those I think 
the Lands may be granted, but of this I will consult the Prop rs . 
You are likewise to report whether any, or what number have 
presumed to settle, or mark Trees in the Big or Little Cove, 
or any where to the Westward of the hill where the Temporary 
Line ends, together with the Quality & place of their Settle- 
ment & to warn them off, all such Settlements being contrary 
to the prop™ Orders. 

As the Line was run by the Royal Orders, & that part of it 
which is beyond Sasquehanna was run exparte, & is returned 
to His Majesty in Council, I am not clear but an extension ot 
it by any Order from this Office may be deem'd a Breach of 
the Royal Order, & give the Marylanders some advantage 
against our prop rs . & therefore, I have consulted Mr. Francis, 
& Send him this Letter, & he advises that. 



PAPER DEL'D BY THE PENN A COMMISSIONERS TO 
THE MARYL' COM'RS. 



April y e 25'", 1751. 
Gentlemen" : When we consider that you have refused to 
begin the West Line from the Centre of the Wood on Fenwick's 
Island, the Place that, by the Conviction of our senses, appears 
to be pointed out by the articles, and have declined to express 
even a sentiment where the Place of Beginning should be, we 
are much surprised at your offer to run a Line across the Pe- 
ninsula, from a Point by you taken at a Venture, as if it might 
be of some use by sets-off in running the true Line hereafter. 
We are of opinion that the whole true Line must be actually 
run, and marked, to ascertain the jurisdiction of the several 
Courts in civil and criminal affairs, and prevent Controversies 
between the Borderers, the extent of which will probably be 
between Fifty and sixty miles ; that it is the most Laborious 
and expensive part of our Work, and cannot cost much less 
than one thousand pounds. Of what advantage setts-off from 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 331 

the false to the true Line can be, we cannot discern, nor have 
you been pleased to communicate to us, unless by a general as- 
sertion of their Conveniences. We really apprehend this Con. 
tinuence can produce nothing but Delay at a vast Charge, two 
things Ave hitherto have and always shall avoid with the great- 
est Care, and, therefore, cannot agree to your Proposal. We 
are clearly convinced that, from the evidence given in the cause 
between our Constituents the Decree of the Right Honourable 
the Lord High Chancellor, the concurrent Testimony of a great 
number of people now residing near the place called Fenwick's 
Island, both from Traditional accounts and their own knowl- 
edge, and the present appearance of the Wood formerly men- 
tioned, the ancient Cape Henlopen was on some part of the 
Land called Fenwick's Island, from whence we conclude the 
Line should begin near the middle of that Land. Therefore, 
we are not insensible that, by the offer we are about to make, 
we shall yield up to the Lord Baltimore a tract of Land to 
which the Prop rs of Pens a have right, but, to avoid expense & 
Delay, by which we apprehend they will sustain much greater 
Damage, and, of two evils, to choose the least, we propose to 
you to begin the Line at the Mulberry Trees, where the Sur- 
veyors began in January last, on the Northern part of the Is- 
land, altho' most beneficial for the Lord Baltimore. 

Some other Matters in your paper may require answers, but 
we hope this proposal may render it unnecessary. 

Dated at Mr. W w Tingley's, near Fenwicks' Island, 25"' April, 
1751. 

WILL. ALLEN, 
RICHARD PETERS, 
R s HOLT, 

BENJAMIN CHEW, 
TENCH FRANCIS. 

To Benedict Calvert, Edmund Jenings, Robert Jen- 
kins Henry, George Plater, John Ross, Esq rs . 



IMPERFECT NOTES OF BOUNDARY SURVEY. 



At 15-258, run to S. by W. 
At 10—40, a run to S. S. W. 
At 10—200, a run to S. S. E. 
At 17-190, a run to South. 



332 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

At 18—118, a large run to South. 
At 19—40, the main br. to S. S. E. 
At 20—40, a run to South. 
At 20—140, a run to S. E. 
At 20—140, a run to E. S. E. 
The follow 8 are br. of Gunpowder : 
At 22-20, a run to S. W. 
At 22—180, another to S. E. 
At 22-300, a run to S. S. W. 
At 23-280, a run to South. 
At 24— 2G6, a run to South. 
At 26-60, a run to S. E. 
At 27—194, a run to S. S. W. 

28-80, a run to S. S. W. 

28—270. a run to S. S. W. 

29—290, a run to W. 100, then to S. W. 

31— a run to South. 

31—60, a run to S. S. E. 

32—140, a run to S. by W. 40, then S. S. E. 

32—202, a run to S. E. 

34 — 20, a hill, & the next brandies to Northai ,d are of Cone- 
wago. 

34—186, a run to N. N. W. 

34-220, a run to N. N. E. 

34—282, a run to South, from Conewago Settlements to 
Patapsco. 

35—88, a run to N. N. W. 

35—308, a run to N. N. W. 

36—180, a run to N. N. W. 

36—200, stopt & observ d Latitude. 

36—209, a Run to N. by E. 

36—280, a run to N. E. 

38—43, a run to N. W. by N. 

28—108, a run to N. E. 

39—99, a run to North. 

40-137, a run to N. N. W. 
Monokasy- 42— a spring. 

42 — 192, cross'd d°, run to N. W. 

42—206, last run joins another to W. S. W. 

42—200, run is 30° on y c left hand. 

44—156, a branch of Monokasy to W. N. W. 

44—212, cross d D° to S. W. by W. 

45—148, a road to S. by \V. 

47—220, a br. of Monokasy, 14 ft broad, to S. & S. by W. 

48—302, a run to S. S. E. 

50—8, a run to S. S. E. 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 333 

50—300, a run to S. S. W. 

51—8, a br. 3" broad to S. E. by S. 

51—128, a run to South. 

51 — 220, a run to South. 

51—556, a run to S. S. E. 

52—90, branch 4'' broad to S. S. E. 

52-280, around hill, i mile North. 

54—156, Rock Creek 3" br. to S. S. E. 

56—116, a run to South. 

57—253, a run 3" br. to S. E. 

58—100, a run at y e ft. of the mount" from N N. W. to E. 

S. E. 
58—170, cross' 1 d" from S. to North. 
60 — 160, lodged on the mountain — on the west side of the 

mountain. 
65—260, a branch of Andietum to N. N. W. on the west of 

the mountain course thereof, on the left hand, is 

near S. W. , on the right is near North. 
66—20, a run to North. 
67—140, a run to North. 
69— Andietum Creek 4p br. to W S. W. 
70—80, another large branch to W. S. W. , but falls into 

the other about half a mile hence S. Eastw' 1 . 
73—10, a run to S. S. W. 
74 — 160, Hump. Jones's run to South. 
74—170, a road to S. S. W. 
78—160, a road to S. S. W. 
79—250, a run to S. S. W. 
80—206, Conegochege. 
85—66, foot of Kittatinny Mountain to S. W. 



INTERROGATIONS TO WITNESSES ON BOUNDARY 
DISPUTE. 

Int. 1, all are exam' 1 to this. — To y e knowledge of y e pit. & 
Deft. 

Int. 2. — The knowledge of y" Peninsula, to be shewn by Capi 
Smith's book. That is y e oldest book and in best Esteem. 

Int. 3, as this book is to be had in Engld, we left it to be 
proved there. — To prove y e Cape Henlopen by Ogelby's Amer- 
ica, South River, Cape Cornelius, and Cape May, by Maps, &c. 

Int. 4. —To prove y e situation of y e peninsula & how it is 



334 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

bounded to y c East & West. The severall names of the waters 
ar'd y e Ocean, Dellaware Bay & River. 

Int. 5. — To prove y e Peninsula of & y e waters by which it is 
Bounded. 

Int. 6. — To prove where y e Isthmus is fform'd, The place 
where y e neck is ftormed, and here. 

Int. 7. (This should be Int. 8, Abrah. Allman Exam'd. )— To 
prove y e 3 Countys to be on y e west side of Dellaware. 

Int. 8. —To prove y e 3 Countys have gone by other names. 

Int. 9— To prove Mr. Penn and his family to have been Prop rs ' 
down to this time ffrom 1682; to have appointed Receivers, 
&c. , and to have reed Rents, &c. 

Int. 10. — To prove y e number of Grants of Lands made by 
Mr. Penn's ffamily before the Bill filed in N. C, Kent, Sussex, 
and y e Rec'ing of Quit Rents. Part of this Int. Left out, vid. 

Int. 11. — To prove Mr. Penn's Peopling the Country, and y" 
Charge of so doing, and whether y e Prov. & Countys be a 
fflourishing Collony, and how many people. 

Int. 12. — To prove his purchases of Lands in y e same Countys 
of y° Indians, and who exercised y e Gov 1 ffrom 1682 to y e year 
1702 ; how many voyages he made, &c. 

Int. 13. — How many ffarms & Plantations in y e Lower Coun- 
tys. 

Int. 14. — When did W. Penn die, and who was in possession 
of y e 3 Counties till he died. 

Int. 15. — When did Han. Penn die, and who was in possession 
of the Countys from 1718 till her death. 

Int. 16. — Who has possession of 3 Countys since 1726. 

Int. 17. — To prove L d Bait's war ,s are war ts at Large, &c. 

Int. 18. — To prove Gvo r Ogle's declaration about y e Maryland 
war 18 at Large. 

Int. 19. (Tho 3 Jones Exam rt . )— To prove y c app. of y L Cape, 
and by what name it has been Called. 

Int. 20. (Elis Morris Exam'd ; John Teague Ex. , & proves his 
having seen Brass nails. ) — To prove y e South side of Ind. River. 

Int. 21. (David Hazard, Berkhouse Townsend. ) — To prove 
ye Inlocking of y e Branches. 

Int. 22. (Jno. Ball, Exam'd; Jno. Garretson, Examin'd. ) 
— To prove y e ffort at Christeen. 

Int. 23, 24. (Sam 1 Hollingsworth Exam'd ; Jno. Musgrove, Ex- 
am'd ) — To prove L d Bait's Com. Called y e Octor. Line 

Int. 25. (Sam 1 Hollingsworth, Exam'd : John Musgrove, Ex- 
am'd. ) — To prove what Col 1 Talbot was in Myl'nd. 

Int. 26. —To prove Susquehanna ffort. 

Int. 27. (W m Peterson, John Garretson, Jno. Rambo. ) — To 
prove the antient Go' under the Dutch. 



- BOUNDARY QUESTION. 335 

Int. 28. (Jos. Wood, Exam'd, W m Peterson, Exam'd; Jno 
G-arretson remembers all Except Livry & Seizin, and is Exam'd. ) 
—To prove he knew or has seen W. P., and saw Livry and 
Seizin, &c. 

Int. 29. (Tho. Jones, Exam'd. )— To prove y e knowledge of y e 
Capes from seamen, and y c meaning of y e word C. Henlopen. 

Int. 30. — To prove that Pensilv* and the 3 Lower Countys 
had one Assembly, &c ; Mr. Penn always had Courts. 

Int. 31. — To prove Copys of N. York Records. 

Int. 32. — Copys of Pensilvania Records. 

Int 33.— Copys of N. C Records. 

Int. 34. —Copys of Kent Records. 

Int. 35. — Copys of Sussex Records. 

Int. 36. — (ieneral Interrogatory, whether you knew anything 
for y e Benefit of y e plfts. 

Note. — Int. 37, and down to Int. 61, is all concerning what 
past between Lord Bait, and Mr Penn upon the treaty between 
them before y e articles sign'd. 

Int. 61. — to produce y e Original articles of agree"'. 

Int. 61.— To Examine to y e Execution of y e Original agree 111 . 

62. — Whether any of y c Commissioners endeavoured to avoid 
yt eX ecut. of y e articles. 

63. — Who of y e Myld. Comiss'rs appear'd at any time, and 
did they act with Candour, and shew a willingness to Carry y e 
articles of agree" into Execut. 

64. — Which of y e Commiss'rs of Myld. were in Possession of 
any Warrants for Large Tracts of Land. 

65. —Whether you ever heard any of y e Maryland Comiss rs say 
they would give or raise a sum of money rather than Lord Bait, 
should Execute y e articles. 

66. — Who were y e Comiss'rs who acted as Comiss'rs and for 
Br. to prove y e Report was sworn to before him. 

67.— To prove y e meeting y e 6 1 ' 1 of N r , 1732, and what past 
there. 

68. — To prove y e meeting on y e 7 lh of Octob r , and what was said 
& done at that meeting, and what object' 1 was made to y e Power 
of y e Pensilvan. Comiss rs , and here to produce a witness to y' 
paper of y e writing of y e Comiss r of Maryland. 

69.— To prove y e meeting of y e Comiss rs on ye 30 th of 8 bcr , and 
what was then said and done. 

70.— The meeting y e 31 of S ber , 1732, who were present and 
what past there. 

71.— To prove y e meeting on y e afternoon of y e 31 day of 8 ber , 
af d , and tvhat happened. 

72. — The meeting of the 1 of 9''", and what past there. 

73.— The meeting afternoon, 1 9 ber , 1732. 



336 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

74. —The meeting 2" 1 9 ber , and to prove a Copy of Pens. Comss'r 
drew up. 

75.— Did all happen on y e 30-31 of Octob r , 1 & 2 of Nov r , or on 
y e 30 of 8 her only, and to prove y e minute of what past there. 

76. — To y e same purpose. 

77, —When did L' 1 Bait, arrive in Maryland, & how long stay. 

78. —The meeting in 1 of ffeb'y, 1732. 

70. —The meeting forenoon of 2' 1 ffeb. 

80. —The meeting on y e afternoon of 2 d ffeb'y. 

81.— The meeting y e 3 ffeb'y, Mor'g. 

82. —Whether y e Pensilvania Comiss'rs applyd to y e May I'd 
Comiss'rs after they had parted to meet again, &c. 

83.— To y e same purpose, and whether they dined together. 

84. —To y e same ; what past afternoon. 

85. —Whether Notices were sign'd by Pensilva. Comiss rs , &c. 
86.— What day of y e week did y e 3 rt day of y e month ffall upon, 

&c. 

87. —Did ye Pensilvania Comiss'rs meet acording to notice. 

88. -Where was y e Lord Bait, on y e 5 & 15 day of ffeby ; Lord 
Bait. Letter. 

89. —Do you Joppa, &c. 

90. (Vid Biddle's affid. )— Did Pensilva. Corns, sign any notices 
to y e Myld. Comiss'rs to me«t in Apr. ,1733 ; how ivas these served. 

91. — Did any Quor. of y e Comiss'rs attend at N. C. on y e 16 
Apr., 1733. 

92. —Did any Comiss'rs; and who, meet at Joppa 7 of M'y, 
1733, & on y e 8 th of M'y, 1733. 

93. -Same Int. 

94.— Same, 8'" of M'y. 

95. —How m'y straight Lines, exclusive of y e circle, were to be 
run by y e articles. 

96. — Was ay adjourn' propos'd on y e 8'*d'y of M'y, at Joppa ; 
by whom, &c. 

97. —The meeting at Joppa on y e 9' h of M'y & y c adjourn 1 . 

98.— Did y e My'l'd Comiss rs retire from Burlgton by 21 of M'y, 
and did they send any notice, &c, to meet y e 21, &c, of M'y. 

99.— Was there any meeting on y e 3, 4, 5, & 6, days of 7 her , 1733. 

100.— Meeting y e on y H 14, 15, 16. 17, 19,20, 21, 22, 23, & 24 of 
No r , 1733. 

101. — What past 19 of said month. 

102.— What past 23 9 her . 

103.— What past 24 of 9 ber . 

104. -Look upon y e papers, &c. These are y e papers deliv'd 
by y e P. Com. to y e M'yl'd Commiss'ers as marked. 

105. --Papers Delvd by y e Maryl'd Coin, to y e Pens. Com 9srs . 

106. — Notices, Letters, &c. 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 337 

107— Pensilvania Coiniss'rs minutes. 
108. — Look upon y' ! papers &c. The party minute. 
109. — How many days did y° Comiss'rs meet in all; and was 
y e Time Sufficient to run out the Line. 
Here ends y e articles. 

110. — Do you know Dellaware Bay, and where it ends. 
111. — To prove y c Maryland Lawbook, and y e Territory's of 
Pensilvania. 

112. Abraham Allman Exam'd & proves duty of 1. The Ruin 
bought of John Carnahan Ex. — Do you know, have heard, and 
do believe, that any Bred, Beer, fflour or, &c. , have been 

which were Imported, &c. , and Do you know 

of any Dutys paid for, &c. Imported into M'yl'd from y e 3 
Countys. 

113. — To prove y e articles of agree' and Comisson. 

114. — To prove what Lord Bait. Said at the time of executing 
y c Comission. 

115. — To prove any Deed or writing. 

116 — To prove writings to be Copys of Records, Enrolments, 
&c. 

117. — To prove Copys of affidavits, Letters, &c. 

118. — To prove by p'sons not 1 mediately Concerned, that 
there was an agreen 1 to divide the Provinces, &c. , and that y e 
Comiss'rs of Maryland refused to meet, &c. , on ffeb'y, and that 
they were served with notice, &c. 

119. — To prove it was not ffit weather to go into y e woods, to 
Run out Lines, &c. , in ffeb'y, &c. 

120.— To prove L d Bait, was in N. C. & Phild", &c. 

121. — To prove that one who goes from N. C. to Phila' 1 Can- 
not mistake the side of y e Bay on which N. C. lyes.- 

122. — To prove y e pa'ym' of Duty upon ships, &c. , trading 
into and out of y e Prov. of Maryland from y e 3 Countys, and 
that y e people of y c 3 Countys are deem'd no Inhabitants or 
residenters in Maryland. 

123. — To prove Bohemia and Apoquimeney to be y e place, 
where the Tide waters Issuing out of Chesapeake, approaching 
the nearest to y e Tide Issuing out of Dellaware. 

124. — To prove that the Bay of Chesapeake <fr Dellaware ap- 
proach the nearest to each other at y e Line B. upon Ben. East, 
map. 

125. — To prove L d Bait. Line from Octorara, as Laid down in 
B. E s map. This should be added to Int. 23, 24, and Likewise 
the Temporary Line, this only with a view to shew the advan- 
tage gain'd by Bait, by y e articles. 

126. — To prove the number of Taxables in each of y c 3 Countys. 
22-Vol. VII. 



338 



PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 



127. —To prove that P. Perm and his ffamily have always 
since 1681 been in Possession ot y e 3 Oountys, and have ap- 
pointed Commissioners and managers of Property, and that L d 
Bait, never has, &c. 

128. — To prove y e quantitys of y e Lands (Granted in the whole 
y e 3 Countys, by P. Penn, &c. , and how much by y e Dutch & 
D. of Y. , and that P. Penn has appointed Receivers and has 
rec d quit Rents. 

129. — To prove y e Line of 1635, (upon B. Eastb urn's map) 
which Lord B. himself Laid down in y e Draught of his Country 
for y c ' 40 th Degree. 

130. —To prove the Dutch map with y e Capes Cornelius & C. 
Henlopen wrote upon y e said map. 

181. — To prove y e Indian ffort at Octorara. 

132. — To prove no Christians travel' d up Susquehanna before 
1680. 



NAME OF WITNESSES FOR PENNSYLVANIA. 



Int. 


2. 


—J. Logan, 
B. Eastburn. 




S. Preston; 
A. Hamilton. 


Int. 


4. 


—Tho. Noxon, 
J. Logan, 
Benj. Eastburn. 


84. 


— S. Preston, 
X Steel, 
B. Eastburn. 


Int. 


5. 


J. Logan, 


92. 


—And to y c 1 part of. 






S. Preston. 


93. 


—Sain 1 Preston, 






Tho. Noxon. 




Jerein. Langhorn. 


Int. 


6. 


— J. Logan, 


94. 


95. — Jerem. Langhorn. 






Thorn. Noxon. 


96. 


—Sam Preston. 




7.- 


—J. Logan, 


97. 


— S. Preston. 






Edward Chambers. 


106. 


-Will. Biddle, 


Int. 


8. 


— Ab. Allman, 
Sam' Preston, 




J. Logan, 
S. Preston. 






J. Logan, 


109. 


—J. Logan. 






S. Preston. 




S. Preston, 


Int 19.- 


-Tho. James, 




A. Hamilton. 






(t. ffitz water, upon a 


110. 


Oeo Fit/water, 






Cross I nte<r rogatory. 




J. Logan, 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 



339 



Int. 



Int. 



Int. 



Int. 



Int. 



20.- 


-Ellis Morris, 






John Teague, 


111.- 




David Hazard, 


112.- 




Brickhouse Town 






send, 






AVilliam Waples, 






John Prettyman, 






Woodman Stokely. 




21.- 


—J. Logan, 
Marke Manlove, 
Ja. Potter, Ma'yl'd. 






Thorn. Powell, Ma'l'd. 113. - 


22.- 


-John Garret.son, 


114.- 




John Ball. 


117. 


23.- 
24.- 


—J. Logan, 
J no. Musgrave, 
Sam 1 Hollings worth. 

— Ja. Logan, 






Jno. Musgrave, 


118. - 




S. Hollingsworth. 




25 


John Musgrave, 
Sam 1 Hollingsworth. 
S. Preston. 


120.- 




Que as to 2(5 Int. 


121.- 


27. 


— S. Preston, 
Jno. Ram bo, 
Ja. Logan, 
Tho. Noxon. 




28. 


—Jos. Wood, 


122. 




W m Peterson, Jersey, 


123. 




Jno. Musgrave, 






S. Hollingsworth. 




29. 


— J. Logan, 






Tho. Noxon, 


124. 




Tho. James. 




30. 


—John Garret son. 






Jno. Ball, 


125. 




Ja. Logan, 


120. 




S. Hollingsworth, 






S. Preston, 






Jerem. Langhorn. 


128. 


31. 


Tho. Noxon, 


129. 




W m Vanderspegell. 


130. 


32. 


—Benj. East burn. 


110. 


33. 


— William Shaw, 






Lindford Lardrier. 


131. 



S. Preston. 
-Ed. Chartiers of Md 
-Abraham Allman, 

John Carnan, 

John M c Arthur, 

George Lawson, 

John Scot. 

Andrew Porter, 

Edward Chart eers, 

Chambers. ) 
-Abrah. Tayler. 
-Abr. Tayler. 
-Sam 1 Hassell, 

Tho. Gersner, 

Pat, Baird, 

A. Hamilton, 

Oh. Brockden. 
-S. Preston, 

Jer. Langhorn. 
-Grid. Griffith, 

Geo. Ross, 

Ab. Tayler. 

Gideon Griffith, 

Sam 1 Preston, 

Ed. Chambers, 

Ab. Tayler, 

Geo. Ross. 
-Edwd. Charteers. 
-Tho. Noxon, 

Jacob Hewlings, 

Thorn. Miles, 

Benj. East burn. 
-Tho. Noxon, 

Jacob Hewlings, 

Tho. Miles. 
-Benj. Eastburn. 
-W» Till, 

Tho. Noxon, 

Benj. Chew. 
-Benj. Eastburn. 
— B. Eastburn. 
-And to y e ] part of 1. 
— Thos. Noxon. 

Benj. Eastburn. 
-James Henricks, 



340 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

34. — John Housman. Jno. Hans Steelman, 

35. — Lindford Lardner, Eliz. Murphee, 

Shep. Kolluck. Marg. Allen. 

G2. — J. Logan, 132. — James Hendricks. 

J. Steel, 
Omited Int 107, 108. Inquire whether they are not among 
y c Int. to J. Logan, S. Preston, & J. Stee). 



MEMORANDUM— EXTRACTED FROM THE ARTICLES OF 
AGREEMENT IN 1760, BETWEEN LORD BALTIMORE 
& THE PENNS, RESPECTING PROVINCIAL BOUN- 
DARIES. 

Fifth. That at the Northern point or end of the s d strait line, 
a line shall begin, & shall from thence run due north above the 
said peninsula, but so far only until it comes into the same 
Latitude as Fifteen English Statute Miles due south of the 
most Southern part of the City of Philad*. 

Sixth. That a due east & west line sliall be run in manner 
following: It shall begin at the Northern point or end of the 
said due N. & S. line, & sliall from thence run due West, Cross 
Susquehanna River to the utmost western extent of the Pro- 
vince of PeniV', or so far in part thereof as shall be at present 
requisite in regard that, as the same is to be a due East & West 
line, the beginning part thereof may be sufficient to continue 
the same by when further occasion shall require. 

These lines shall forever be allowed, & esteemed to be the 
true & exact limits & bounds between the said province of May d , 
the County & the Province of Penn a . 

A true & exact plan to be made up by the Comm rs ,& shall be 
ent' 1 in all the Public Offices of both provinces. 

In the proclamation of 1774, it is stated that the lines above 
described have been run & mark' 1 in exact conformity to the 
said articles, as by the return of the Coram' 5 , & an exact plan 
or map of the lines, may at large apear. 

[27 March, 17i>0: 
Act appropriating £300 to Reading Howell, for determining 
the boundary lines of the State— 2 d Smith, 135.] 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 341 



DEPOSITIONS RELATING TO THE BOUNDARY 
DISPUTE. 



Int. 2' 1 . J. Logan, Benj. Eastburn. 

J. Logan Says he knows y e whole peninsula by Cards, maps, 
&c. , and the upper part at y e Isthmus, and Considerably below 
y e Isthmus, Of his own knowledge ; has Liv'd 40 y rs in Pensilv a , 
&c. That he is acquainted with y e mathematicks and Geogra- 
phy, and well acquainted with all y e books, as he believes, 
which gives any acc't of Virginia, Myld. , Pensilva, &c. That 
he has long read and st udied those sciences, &c. 

That he knows Capt. Smith's book well ; that it is the earliest 
acc't of these parts, &c. , as he believes, given by any English- 
man, and, is in his Judge 1 , the best ace 1 ; and the maps of y e 
Bay of Chesapeak and Virginia, so cal'd at that time, is y" most 
correct of any ffirst descrip" of a new Country he has ever seen, 
and neither knew nor believed any other acc't. , Draught or 
map of that Country was ever published or printed by any 
Englishman, whatsoever before 1632. 

B. Eastburn is a Mathematician & Surveyor ; knows y e upper 
part of y e Peninsula well ; has made himself acquainted with 
books, maps, eel. ; voyages <& descrips. of most parts of Amei'ica, 
especially that belonging to y c English dominions, and as to 
Mr. Smith's books, says y e same as Mr. Logan, only he has not 
known it above . . . year. 

Int. 4.— J. Logan, Tho. Noxon, B. Eastburn. 
J. Logan is acquainted with y e Peninsula by y e means and 
in y e manner mentioned in his answer to y e 2' 1 Int. 
B. Eastburn answer to y e same purpose. 

Tho. Noxon knows y e Peninsula by books, draughts, and by 
his having travel'd over a great part of y e said peninsula to y e 
Northward, and has known it above these 16 or 17 years well. 
Int. 5.— J. Log., 8. Preston. Tho. Noxon, and L believe B 
Eastb., but y e Solicitor has lost y e note of y e ptes names, with y e 
note of y e Int. to each, then I was obliged to get them from y e 
Clerks to y e Comission, which I ap'rehend are not quite so cer- 
tain, being taken in a hurry. « 

J. Log. describes y° peninsula exactly with Chesapeak to y e 
west & y e Sea, and y e Bay & River of Dellaware to y e East. 
That Dellaware went fformerly in y e Time of y e Dutch by y e 
name of South or Zind River. 

Tho. Noxon says y' same. v 

Sam 1 Preston knows v'' Peninsula well, and has known it 



342 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

near 50 y'\ and describes it well, tho' not mathematically, and 
Speakes to Dellaware being Called Zind or South River. 

Int. 0. — J. Log., Tho. JSoxon and vid Int. 123, 124. 

J. Log. says y e Isthmus is ffound near Aquinema River, or 
Creek, Issuing out of Dellaware River, and Bohemia River, 
which Issues out of Chesapeak ; he lias been upon y e spot, knows 
it well, both above & below, thinks y e distance may be about 
.... miles, but is sure the water of Chesapeak and Dellaware 
.... both above and below that place, and knows of no other 
place, nor believes there is any other, where they approach so 
near, &c. 

Tho Noxon says y same, But his answer to Interrog. 123 is 
particular, and refers to B. East. map. 

Int. 7. — J. Logan, Ed. Charles. 

J. Logan answers he knows y e province & Countys well ; that 
that they border upon each other, and lye both on y e west side 
of Dellaware, &c. 

Ed. Charles, of Maryland, says y L ' same. 

Int. 8. —J. Logan, S. Preston, Ab. Allman, of Maryland. 

J. Logan knows y e 3 Countys well, and has done so 40 years. 
That they were formerly Called whore kill County, New Dale, 
& New Castle, afterwards y' Territory of Pensland ; and the 3 
Lower Countys of Newcastle, Kent, & Sussex, on Dellaware, 
and were at y e severall times they bore the Respective names 
Called so by all who had occasion to speak of them, and not by 
Mr. P., &c, only, 

S. Preston knows them well, and has done so near 50 years, 
that y e County now Called Sussex was formerly Called Whore- 
kill County. Kent was Called St. Jones, and often y'' Terri- 
torys of Pensland, both by y e people of Pensland and all other 
who had occasion to speak of them, ami are now Called v 
Countys of N. C, K., & Ss., on Dellaware. 

Ab. Allman, of M' viand, knows them well, and that they are 
Spoke of when Called by y e names of y p Territorys of Pensland, 
or y e 3 Countys of N. C, K., & Ss., on Dellaware. All these 
witnesses say that those severall names mean y e same Tract of 
Land, &c. 

Int. 19.— Tho. James & Geo ffitzwater, a witness for y* Deft., 
urns cross-examined to this Inte. 

Tho. James has sail'd long out of Dellaware Bay ; has been a 
pilot 20 years ; is well acquainted with y e Capes and y e Sea Coast 
to y e North & y e South of y 8 mouth of Dellaware. The Cape now 
Called y c ffalse Cape appears from y e Sea a ffair Cape, and van- 
ishes as you approach it. It was formerly Called Cape Hinlo- 
pen Afterwards, in his ffather's Time, who was a Pilot on 
Dellaware, it was called sometimes Cape James, now Commonly 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 343 

Called y e ffalse ('ape, distant bout 15 miles ffroin y e mouth of 
Dellaware. 

Oreo, ffitzwater, witness for y u Deft, being Cross examined, 
says he knows Dellaware, &c. ; has sailed out and into y e same 
many voyages ; knows y e Sea Coast to y e southward and y e 
South Capes to the called Cape Hinlopen. It appears ffair at 
sea and vanishes as you approach it ; is about 20 miles from y ,J 
Mouth of y e Bay, &c. To this add y e answer to Int. 29. 

Int. 20. —Ellis Morris, DaDid Hazard, William Wapples, John 
Prettyman, Woodman Stockly, John Teayue. 

Ellis Morris has known y e Bay & R. of Dellaware and y e 3 Coun- 
tys. Knows The Town now Calied Lewe, & y e River Called 
Indian River above 50 y r \ Says Lewistown was formerly Called 
Whore kill by y e Dutch, &c. That Sussex County was formerly 
Called Whore Kills by y e Dutch ftirst, and Long after So by 
y e English. That Lewis, fformerly Whore Kill, was in Sussex 
County when He ffirst Knew it, and is so at this day. That 
Sussex was under the Gfov 1 of Pennslv" when He ffirst knew it ; 
it was never under" y e Co 1 of Baltimore. That Sussex County ex- 
tended toy 8 South'rdof Indian River; does not say how ffarr, 
but He knows it extended to y e South' rd, &c. , and he knew 
y e people who lived there. That He Can'ot be particular as to 
marks or place of y c South Bounds of said County of Sussex. 
But He knows well there were Christian people Liv'd on y' 
South Side of Indian River who belong' d to Sussex County 
when He ffirst knew it, because He knew the people who lived 
there, Serv'd as Magistrates, Jury men, &c. , at y e County Court 
at Sussex, &c. 

That He never heard of any Co'pulsion or fforce used to Com- 
pell the people on y l S d Side of Indian River to submit to ye 
(tov 1 of Pensilv a , &c. But He gives a particular acct. of y e 
{force used by L' 1 B. officer or people to Compell the Inhabit- 
ants on y' South of Indian River to submit to M' viand such as 
.... and turning them out of their possessions, &c. That 
there is a Cape to y e South of Indian River, fformerly Call'd 
Cape Hinlopen, &c. 

John Teague says, afcove 40 years agoe, being a sur'r, down 

in County, M'yland, he, with another man, came 

up the Country to Look for Land. That they Came up as ffar 
as ffenwick's Island, upon y e sea side, and, being upon a point of 
Land there, he and the other man saw an old post, with Large 
Brass nails in it. That he heard afterw da that was put there 
by y e Dutch, in antient times, and that it was y e bounds be- 
tween Penn & Baltimore. That not long afterwards he was 

hired by two men at Snow Hill, a place Low down in 

County, in My'ld, to assist them, and be their Gfarde up to 



844 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

Whore Kill, lie thinks they were Dutchmen, and were said to 
be privateers, they had a great deal of money, which they 
Carried on horse back, and when they Came out of y c ' woods to 
the sea side, to y e Southard of Indian river, one or both of 
them Look'd back, or Southward, along y e sea side, and swore 
they knew now where abouts they were, and pointed to y e 

Southard, to Island, said there is Cape Henlopen. 

That he knew severall ffamilies on y e South Side of Indian 
River, about that time, to Live under m r Penn's Govern', and 
that he himself was commanded by y e State of My 'Id to assist 
in taking them prisoners, because they would not own L' 1 Bait's 
Gov', &c. 

Woodman Stokely, fformerly lived on y e S. Side of Indian 
River, on a neck of Land, between that and Assawarmert Creek. 
That about 40 years agoe Jonath. Daily was Sheriff of Sussex 
County, and often Sumoned Jurymen out of y e said neck, who 
servd accd'gly, as jurymen, at Lewis Town, then under prop' 
Pemi. That at that time y e Reputed Bounds between My'l'd 
and Prop r Penn's Go', was ffrom ffenwick's Island, on y e sea 
side, and so about west, thro' an Indian Town, Called Assawar- 
mert, iSic' That his Ilnckle, John Stokely, who then Liv'd in 
y e said neck, to y e Southard of Indian River, was a justice of 
peace ffor Sussex County, &c. That he rem'bers y e people on y e 
South Side of Indian River were afterw'ds drove fforcibly ffrom 
their plantacons by y e M'ylanders, &c. he rem'bers Cape by 
ffenwick's Island was Called Cape Hinlopen, now Commonly 
Called y e ffalse Cape, &c. 

John Prettyman says all y' Woodman Stokely has say'd & 
more distinctly. 

Int. 21. —J. Logan, Marke Manlove, Ja. Potter, Tho. Powell, 
J. Logan, Marke Manlove. 

Knows y e neck of Land well. That y e Lands on y* West Side 
&c. , are Called by y e names of Dorset County, Talbot County, 
Queen Annes County, Kent County and Cescil County, and ly 
under Maryl'd, &c. That the Lands on y e East side of y e said 
neck are Called y e Three Countys of N. C, Kent & Sussex on 
Dellaware, and are under y e Gov 1 of Prop r Penn. That There 
are y e Rivers of Chaplank & Chester, whose ffirst Springs, &c. , 
rise in y e said neck of Land, which Rivers empty themselves 
into y e Bay of Chesapeak. That there are y e Rivers or Creeks of 
Dover & Duck Creek, whose ffirst springs rise in y e said neck 
of Land, which said River & Creek empty themselves into 
Dellaware Bay, and that y c heads, or ffirst Springs of Chaplank, 
Chester, Dover, and Duck Creek, take their Rise out of one pond 
on v e said neck, &c. 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 345 

Ja. Potter & Thomas Powell, both Lives in My'l'nd. Say the 
same as Manlove, and that they have p'sonally and Lately been 
and view'd y e fflrst Springs, &e. 

Int. 22. — John Ball, John Qarretson. 

John Ball Kno's N. C. County, and has done so about 50 
years. It was then under y° Gov 1 of Prop" Penn, and is now 
under his ffamily. That he knew a Little Log house about 12 
ffoot square, wilh some split puncheons of wood before it ffil'd 
up with some daub on y 1 ' Inside. That is, was built upon 
Christean Creek, in N. C. County, and not upon y e Border of 
y e County, for there were at that time sundry Inhabitants be- 
longing to Grov r Penn, who lived between there and M'y'land. 
That y e said house Called a ft'ort, was built upon Land said to 
belong to one Ogle, who held it under Grov 1 " Penn, &c. The 
house was a mean buliding of Round Loggs, and that y c ' whole 
cost could not at that time, be above y e value of 50 Shillings. 
That he knew it was built by L 1 Bait., or some body for him 
to keep possession there. 

That there were six Irish men in it, and named, 

. . Called Souldiers, and had firelocks. They lived peacebly 
and quietly, and went about among y e neighbors without ay 
shew of ff orce. That there were no other people near that place 
who own'd L d Bait. That y e Inhabitants Could v'ry easily 
have removed them if they had been troublesome. But its In- 
habitants were at that time but few, evry body was glad of a 
neighbor. The Souldiers, as they were Called, Lived some- 
times pretty well, & some times but poorly, &c. They Lived 
about 3 years there; that they went abroad towards My'ld in 
the winter to make merry, and in their Return, some were lost 
in y e night, and y e rest went away, and no p'son has ever been 
in possession of that place, or of any Lands thereabouts since, 
but such as own Prop 1 " Penn, &c. 

John Grarretson says much y e same; his examin'd thys to in 
order to explain y e Deposition taken on y e Deft's Side concern- 
ing this ffort, else it would have been Improper. 

Int. 23 —Sam 1 Hotting swortH, Jn° Musgrave, J. Logan. 

Sam' Hollingsworth says he Came with his ffather ffrom Ire- 
land into N. C. County, in 1732, and about a year after, went 
with his ffather, who held an estate in y e woods under Prop r 
Penn, &c. That 4 or 5 men came to his ffather's house in Cold 
weather, towards evening, and desired to Lodge, &c. That the 
men stayed all night at his ffather's, and he heard them tell 
his ffather they were Come ffrom y e mouth of Octorara Creek, 
and had run a Line for a division between L d Bait, and Prop rs 
Penn, and desired to Continue y same Eastw'ds towards Delia- 



346 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

ware, — that they went away next morning and ret'nd at night, 
and said they had thrush' d y e Line, &c. That among these 
p'sons, was one Called Col 1 Talbot. That he heard & believes 
same as run by Lord Balt' s order or authority. That he Lived 
then about 3 quarters of a mile to y e Northerd of y e said Line ; 
that he was well acquainted with it, which was plain for many 
years after, the Trees being marked high, by men on Horse- 
back. That it has ever since been known by y e name of L d 
Balt' s Line, Col 1 Talbot's Line, but more Commonly, Octorara 
Line, &c. 

John Musgrave, who was .... in Hollings worth's house, 
says y e same. 

J. Logan says much to Confirm this Line,tho' he never saw it. 

Int. 24. —James Logan, 8. Hollingsworth, & John Musgrave. 

All agree that y Line has al way's been Cal'da Division Line, 
and has been always regarded as such by Pensilvania, and that 
it was so for a long time by M'yl'd, but that of late years there 
have been many Incroachments made by y e M'yl'ders, &c. 

J. Logan is particular in all these things, and being y e p'son 
who had y" Granting of Lands, and has been y e principal p'son 
made vise of by our Grov* in adjusting y e Differences with y e 
Gov' of M'yl'd, which have arisen about y e Incroachm ,s in these 
parts. 

Int. '35.—/. Logan, Sam 1 Hollingsworth, & Ja* Musgrave. 

All say that Col 1 Talbot lived in Ma'yl'd, and have heard & 
do believe he was a Considerable man in that place, in L d Bait" 
service, and Imployed by him in y e affairs of that Province, 
&c. 

Int. 27. —Jn° Rambo, J. Ijogan, »S'. Preston, Tho. Noxon. 

John Rambo, of the Province of Jersey, known y e Province 
of Pen. and y e 3 Countys : Has heard and does believe y e 3 
Countys, and some part of y e place, now Pensilvania, was ffor- 
merly under y e Dutch & Swedes, and afterw'ds under N. York 
their Cfov r & Chief magistrate : That New Castle was 
("ailed .... hook and y° Lower part about y° Capes Whore- 
kill ; That Dellaware was called South River; That y e Bay of 
Delia ware ends at Bombie Hook, and there y e River begins; 
That he remembers when N. Castle, &c. , was under y e Grov 1 of 
. . , and has been always since under Prop' 8 Penn and 
his ffamily, and never under L a Bait. 

S. Preston knows y' 'Province & Countys; has done so about 
40 year; has heard & does believe, and so has heard ffrom y'" 
earliest Inhabitants, That y' west side of Dellaware was ffirst 
settled by y e Dutch & Swedes; He knows manv of the old peo- 
ple of those Countys Living here when he Came first to Pen- 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 347 

silvania, who told hiin that N. C. was fformerly called . . . 
. . . . Hook; Kent County, S' Jones and Sussex, Whore- 
Kill ; That he knows y' Bay & River of Dellaware, and that 
it was Called by y e Dutch South River ; that y L Bay has always 
been agre'd to end and y L River to begin at Bombie Hook; 
That he has heard, and is well satisfied, the 3 Countys have 
been under y L ' Dutch, the Swedes, and likewise under y e English 
Gov' of N. York, and ever since under y c Go' of P r Penn and 
his ffamily, &c. , and never heard nor does believe they were 
under L' 1 Bait. , or that he had any possession there, except 
for 2 or 3 years of a place Called a ffort Christeen. 

J. Logan speaks his knowledge of this ffroin y e ace' given him 
by y e earliest Inhabitants, ffroin y L ' records of New York, under 
whose Gov' y L ' 3 Countys have always been untile they Came 
into y e hands of P r Pen. , &c. , ffroin History, &c. 

That Dellaware Bay & River was fformerly called South Riv- 
er; That y c ' Bay always agreed to end and y' River to begin 
at Bombie Hook ; gives an acco' of y e antient names ; That N. C. 
was called formerly New Amstel ; Kent, New Dale, & afterw'ds 
St. Jones, Sussex, Whore Kill, &c. 

That none of those Countys were ever under Bait. , &c. 

Tho. Noxon Speaks ffully to y e same, both ffroin old Books 
maps, Records of N. York, &c. , and y e Grants he has seen in 
y e hands of y e Inhabitants of y e 3 Lower Countys, with all which 
he is well acquainted; That N. C. was formerly called New 
Amstel & Saidt Hook; That Kent was Called New Dale & S' 
Jones ; That Sussex was Called Whore Kill ; this he speaks to 
particularly, ffrom y e Exhibits ffrom N. York, &c. 

That Dellaware Bay & River was Called by y e Dutch South 

River and likewise New Port and believes no part 

of those Countys ever own'd y e Gov' of My'l'nd, &c. 

Int. 28. —Jos. Wood, Will. Peterson, Jno. Musgrave, S. Hollings- 
worth. 

Joseph Wood : Came into Dellaware before Prop rs Penn had 

y e Province ; went up to Burl'gton in and Came 

down to N. C. after' d, in y 1 ' year 1682; There he saw PropF 
Penn, when he fflrst Landed ffrom England, and saw all y e Cere- 
mony of Livry & Seizzin, both of Land and water, given and 
Prop r Penn Put into Possession of y e Court house there, which 
was in y e ffort ; this was y e ffirst time he saw W. Penn, and upon 
this occasion he remembers it, &c. ; he has Lived in y e upper 
parts of Pensilvania ever since. 

W m Peterson, of Remembers he saw Mr. Penn 

Come ashore at New Castle, whei*e he was at that time, as above 
set ffoi-th, and says Livry and Seizin was given by Moll & Her- 



348 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

man to Prop. Penn, and he ilirmly believes it was so, tho' he 
Can'ot be positive as to seeing y L Particulars ; he Liv'd a wliile 
in N. C. County, afterw'ds, but ever since Ln y° Jerseys. 

Sam 1 Holhngsworth & Jn" Musgrave Can'ot say they saw 
Livry & Seizin given, but being then come unto N. C, From 
Ireland, they heard the people who were present relate y 
whole Ceremony, at the very time, and they both believe it to 
be true. 

Int. 29.- -J. Logan, Thos. Noxon, Tho. Jones. 

J. Logan Knows y L ' Bay & River well ; has come into and 
gone out of y 1 ' said Bay & River ffrom sea, &c. , often times; 
has observed y u Capes, &c. That there Comonly ffirst appears 
a Cape to y e South of y' Entrance into y e said Bay, Coming 
ffrom sea, and that Cape, upon approaching near to it, disap- 
pears and vanishes. You after discover another Cape at y e 
entrance into y e said Bay, and that is the most northerly & true 
Cape, he has seen severall old maps of this part of Dellaware,one 
a Dutch map and one an English map, published about 1072, 
in which maps there are 2 Capes Laid down to y° Southerd of 
y Entrance into Dell. Bay. The most Southerly Cape Laid 
down in said map is Called by >"' name of Cape Henlopen, and 
y e most Northerly, lying at y e South Side of ye Entrance into 
y said Bay, is called Cape Cornelius. That he understands y e 
meaning of y words Henlopen or Helopen, which are double 
words, and signify, going or running away. That y e distance 
ffrom y' mouth of Dell, to Cape Henlopen is about. . . . miles. 

Thomas Jones Speakes to y c same, but not so strictly as to y e 
maps, and Thorn. Speaks ffully to what said Logan said, within 
his own particular observation from y e Sea. 

Int. 30. — Jn° Qarretson, Jno. Ball, J. Logan, S. Holliiigs. 
worth, 8. Preston, Jerem. Langhom. 

All those knew y e Prov. & Countys above 40, some 50 years 
agoe, and Speaks Clearly to y c Province and Countys having 
fformerly been joynd in Legislation, and afterwards to have 
distinct assemblys, as they have at this day, but all, both joynd 
& Separate, were, and are, held by P rs Penn's autht'y, and no 
other. 

J. Logan Speaks to y" number, and very particularly, and 
the others agree y e number of Assemblys are y e same with y e 
number of years, for, that they are elected ev'ry year under 
Pr. Penn, &. . * . . . . other, and here may be Shewd y e 
application of y e 3 Countys to be joynd in Legislation with y e 
province. Exhibit. 

Int. 31 — Tho. Noxon, W m Vanderspegell. 

These two examined y° Records at N. York and prove the Sev- 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 349 

erall Books mark'd . . to be true Copys of y e Severall matters 
therein Contained taken from y publick Records at N. York, 
and examined by said ISoxon & Vanderspegell. That they were 
Certified by y° Officers who had y Keeping of y e said Records 
of y' Secretary's office of N. York, and sworn by him to be true 
Copys befor y e GoV of N. York. That Noxon & Vanderspegell 
were present and saw this done, and y e provincial Seal of y e 
Uov' of N. York affixed to then). 

Int. 32. — Benj. Eastbum. 

Int. S'd. — W m Sha/(\ Lindford Lardner. 

They prove these papers marked 11, 12, 13 to be trua Copys 
of y e Records of N. Castle, and to be by them Compar'd with 
y e Records. &c. , proved before y e GoV of Pensilvania by y e 
Officers, &c. , and y e Provincial seal affix' d, &c. 

Int. 34. — John Hou&man, Lindford Lardner. 

They prove y e papers No. 14, 15, 16 to be true Copys of y 
Records of Kent. Ex. and prov'd by y e Officers before y e Gov 
and Seal'd with y e Provin. Seal. 

Int. 33. — Sheppard Kolluvk. 

Proves y papers No. 17, 18, 19 to be true Copys ffrom Sussex, 
&c. Compar'd with y e Record. Certified and sworn to by y e 
Officers before y e Go r of PensilV and under y e Provin 1 Seal, &c. 

Int. 82. —J. Logan, J. Steel, S. Preston, A. Hamilton. 

J. Logan attended at all \" meetings except y e ffirst at New- 
town, in M'yld; y meeting in ffeby., 1732-3 at N. C. and y e 
meeting at Joppa, in May, 1738. The others attended at ev'ry 
meet'g of y e Comissrs. , except y e absence of J. Steel and A. H., 
about one hour or two on y' 3 1 of ffeb'y af". All say they never 
reed any direct'n or Instructins from y Comp Us , or any on 
their lxhilf, to retard, delay, evade, &c. , the execut. of y e said 
Comission, nor ever attempted, endeav'rd to retard, delay, 
ffrustrate, &c. , y e execut. of y said comission, and that they 
were always desir'd and directed by y L ' Comp" s to proceed in y° 
Execut. of y e Said Articles with all ffairness and expedition, and 
that they endeavored to their utmost to do so. 

Here it may be propper to say that J. Logan was examin'd 
to y* ffol'ing Interrogaty's, which Concern y e Comissers. only, 
and gave answers to them agreeable to y e Report, and prove 
ye Exhibits & Report. 

J. Steel gave answers to y e ffoll'g Interrogatorys, agreeable 
to y e Report, and proves y e Exhibits & Report. 

S. Preston gave answers to the folli'g Interrogat'rys, agree- 
able to y Report, and proves y e Exhibits & Reports. 

A. H. Exaiu'd to y l (53 Int. ,and answr'd agreeable to y' truth 



350 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

that y c Comss'rs of M'yld' us'd all means to avoid y L Execut n o f 
y e Articles. 

And to Int. 109 he answer d ffully, and as in that Int. y e wit- 
ness is requir'd to give the reasons that Induced him to believe 
the Com'ss™ of May I'd never intended to Carry y e Articles in 
to Execut. , he begins with their Conduct at their ffirst meet- 
ing at Newtown, and so goes throw y e several! meetings, with a 
narrative of the Constant evasions, &c. , of L' 1 B. Comis™, and 
Concludes that for these reasons he is fully Con vine d they 
never intended to Carry y e articles into execut. 

Int. 92. — Jerem. Langhorn. 

But to Introduce this was examin'd to y e 1 part of Int. 118, 
which leads him to give an acct. of y e articles of agree' between 
( 'iniip 1 " and Deft. 

And to y e 92 Int., Jer. Langhorn says he was pres't at Joppa, 
and names ye Comissrs. who met on both sides ; that the place 
of meeting was remote, and wanted suitable entertainm't ffor, 
&c. That when y e Comss'rs met those of Pensilva a Complain'g 
of being fformerly deny'd Clerks to keep minutes, and y e misun- 
derstandings that had arisen am'g y e Comss'rs by that means, 
Insisted upon p'sons not of y* number of y e Comissrs to be 
pres't which, with difficulty on y e said pt. y e Comrs. of M'yl'd 
was yielded to. That y' Comissrs. of M'yl'd, y e 2 d day of their 
meeting, as he remembers, propos'd an adjoin-', but is sure 
they propos'd it, which was oppose! by y 8 Comiss'rs of Pensil- 
vania. Among the reasons assign 'd for adjourning, y° waiting 
on Lord Bait., then bound up to visit y e Gov r of N. York, at 
Burlington, was one, tho' they refused to let that be assign 'd 
in y e m'nte of adjourn'. It is above . miles from Phila d to 

Joppa. The Comiss rs of Pensilvan. did, after a long time, agree 
to y e m'nte of adjournm't, but ye same was manifestly for y e 
Conv'eniency of ye M'yl'd Comiss rs . 

Int. 93 d . 

Jeremiah Langhorn says a Quorum of ... . The Comiss rs 
on both sides met at Joppa, &c. , and then much was said about 
y e dimensions of y e Circle directed to be run about New Castle, 
and the Comissrs. of Pensilvania desired that what past there, 
&c. , might be put into writing, to avoid y e misunderstanding 
that happen'd fformerly, &c. ,and y e same was done accordingly 
on both sides, and witnes'd by y e Examinate and one John 
Beale, of M'yl'd. 

Int. 94, 95, 90, 97. 

Jerem. Langhorn answer' d to these by referring himself to 
yc geverall papers that past between y c Comiss'rs at their 
severall meetings at Joppa . . . , and proves all y l papers. 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 351 

Sam 1 Preston speakes very particularly, as does A. H., toy 
Imposition of (Jailing y e Comiss rs of Pensilva. to that place, &c, 
and y e unworthy Conduct of y e M'yld Comiss rB in proposing an 
adjour' to Capes of Dellaware without any Intention of going 
there, &c. 

Int. 106. — W. Biddle, J. Logan, S. Preston. 

W. Biddle proves y L writings , That B, No. 1, is a true Copy 
of a notice served by the examinate upon Oo r Ogle. 

The substance of y e 107 Int. is answered by A. H. , and some 
others qf y e Coiniss'rs, in their answers to other Interrogatory*, 
where they prove y e Report. 

Int. 109. — J. Logan, 8 Preston, A. H. 

They have all spoke to y e particular times of meeting acc'd- 
ing to y e Report ; That there was sufficient time to run y e 
Lines, &c. , That y e not run'g out y l> said Lines, &c. , were not 
prevented by non attendance, but y e . , . . Comiss'r was 
a diff 'ence in opinion ; all agree that it was resolved upon ffrom 
y° ffirst meeting by y' Comiss rs on y*' part of M'yl'd not to exe- 
cute y e articles. 

Int. 110. — Geo. Fitz water on a Cross Inter rog , /. Logan, 8. 
Preston. 

Knew y° Bay of Dellaware, &c. ; have sail'd often up and down 
y' same. The northermost part of y e said Bay is at Bom by 

Hook, about miles below the Town of N. Castle. 

They never measur'd y' distance between N. C. and y e head of 
y l Bay or Bomby Hook, but the' knew y e Grround and have 
travel'd it often ffor about 40 years by — 

111. — Edwd Chartiers,' Colle T of his Majesty* s Customs in . . 
County. M'yVnd. 

Ed. Charles proves y l My'l'd Lawbook to be y Laws of that 
Province and as such alowed in all their Courts ; says he be- 
lieves y e words Territory's in y e severall parts referd'to in y' In- 
ter'ty mean y° 3 Countys of N. C. , K. & Sussex. 

Int. 112. — Ab m All man, John Carnan, John M c Arthur, George 
Lawson, John Scot, Andrew Porter, Edw'd Chartiers. 

All prove dutys paid by the'selves on Rum Imported into 
M'yl'd ffrom y e County of ' N. C. , and that lately. That they 
were paid to Bait, officers, &c. , and as they believe by y e Laws 
of M'yl'd. 

Int. 113. — Abrah. Tayler proves y c Execut. of y e Articles of 
agreem 1 by L d Bait. & y'' Comp" s in London, and Likewise y' 
Com'ssions Excut'd by y e Comj)l ts to their Comiss r \ 

Int. 114. — Abraham Taylor. 

Int. 117. —(This should be 116.) Sam 1 Hassel proves Exhibit. 

Tho' upon y L same Interogat'y proves the Re- 



352 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

port of y e Comiss'rs as sworn to before him when deliver 'd in 
by y e Comiss'ers in presence of Grov r Gordon and y e provincial 
seal to it. 

Pat. Baird, Secretary to y e Grov' upon y same Interog. proves 
the papers ffound in y Secret'ys office to wit. 

A. Hamilton upon y e same proves y e Report of y Comiss'rs, 
the Draught of y u Town of New Castle to be an old Draught in 
which y' names of y e owners of some Lotts are wrote by one 
Delagraige, an antient Inhabitant and Magistrate of that place, 
and who died many years, above 40 years agoe. 

Int. 117. — Cha. Brockden, Keeper of y e office, 

proves the papers out of his office. 

Int. 120. —Gideon Griffith, Geo. Ross, Abr. TayVr. 

GHd. (friffith says, L. B. Came to N. C, by Land, ffrom 
My'l'd. That he stay d at least a day, and walked about y e 
Town. That he went to Phila d , ffrom N. C. , by Land, and re- 
turn'd thither again after some time, by Land, and so went 
away, by Land to My'l'd. 

Greo. Ross, says y e Same. 

Abraham Taylor, says he saw Lord Bait, in Phila 1 , where 
he stay'd some days; walked about y' Town. That he went 
ffrom Philad. by water to Burl'gton, and stay'd there severall 
days. That he believes he return'd ffrom Burl'gton by Land, 
on y' Jersey Shore, to y' fferry, opposite to Philad", and Came 
ffrom there over Dellaware to this City, where he stay'd some 
time, and then return'd to My'l'd. 

121. -GUI. Griffith, Sam 1 Preston, Ed. Charles, of Maryland, 
Aber. TayVr, Geo. Ross, all have Travel'd ffrom N. Castle to 
Philad., and all agree there is no Bay or River that parts N. 
C. County ffrom Pensilva. That y e distance ffrom N. C to 
Phila 1 is near 40 miles. That they do not believe any man can 
believe Pensilvania is on one side of Dellaware, & N. Con ye 
other, because travellers must see y River Dellaware, by which 
New Castle is bounded to y L ' Easterd, and in travelling up 
north ffrom New C. to Philad". y Traveller Cannot ffail to see 
y e River Dellaware to y" Eastward, in many places, and at his 
arrival at Philad*, Sees Philad' 1 Likewise Bounded toy" Easterd 
by \" said River. 

122. — Edward Charles is Collector of his Majesty's Customs 

in County, in y e Province of M'yl'd, has been so . . 

years, and is ffar acquainted with y e Trade of that province, 
as belongs to his office, and with y e dutys arising upon shipp- 
ing, &c. That Ships Trading into and out of y e Province of 
M'yl'd pay a duty of 3 s Sterl'g pr. Tun to y e prop' or <"xo r . That 
y e vessells belonging to N. C. , K. & Sussex, on Dellaware. are 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 353 

deemed Vessells lyable to pay that duty of 3 s per Tun, men- 
tion' d in y' Act referr'd to in page 44. That he does not re- 
member any time when y L ' shipping, &c. , of the 3 Countys were 
not Lyable to pay that duty. 

That he does believe the Inhabitants of y° said 3 Countys, 
tho' having plantations of 50 a s of Land, Seated in one of ye said 
Countys, and having resided there for one year, are not deem'd 
Inhabitants of M'yl'd, nor are they entitled to y° privilege of 
Residents in y c Province of M'yl'd, neither y e meaning of y e act 
of Assembly referr'd to in page 30 of that Law book. 

Int. 123. — Tho. Noxon, Jacob Hillings, Tho. Miles, Benj. East- 
hit ru. 

Tho. Noxon says the maps now shewd, mar'kd PEN., was 
drawn by B. E. , Surv'y r Oenerall of y e Province of P. & Coun- 
tys, &c. . and doe believe it to be a true draught of y e Lands 
and waters lying on y e West Side of Dellaware & y e sea as ffar as 
y c said draught extends, and believes it to be v'ry near a true 
draught of y° Lands on y e head of Chesapeake Bay and y e Rivers 
Bohemia, Elk and North east, because he is well acquainted 
with all the Lands thereabouts, ffrom Draughts and surveys 
of y Lands upon Dellaware, and y e Creeks Issuing out of Della- 
ware, and has actually sur'v'd many of them. That y e Line 
on ye said map, marked A, with y e Letter M at y e west end of 
y e said Line, Issues out of Chesapeake Bay. That y e name of 
y e Creek at y e East end of y c said Line A, at y e Letter N. , is called 
Appoqueneme Creek, and Issues out of Dellaware. That y e 
waters at y e West end of y e said Line Called Bohemia, and y e 
waters at y' East end of y e said Line, Called Appoquenemy, do 
both eb and mow. 

That y' ; Distance between y c waters at y e Letter M, at ffull 
tide, to y e waters at y c Letter N, at ffull Tide, before y e Tide 
was Interupted by a mill, was no more than . . . miles, but a 
mill being built upon y e head of Appoquinemy Creek, at y e 
Letter in the Great Dam, has stop'd y e tide ffrom mowing so 
high as usual, and, therefore, y e Distance between y e mill Dam, 
to y' Letter N, to which y e Tide can mow to high water, at y e 
Letter M, is no more than .... this he Knows well, having 
< arefully anil Lately exa'nd y e distance, &c. 

That he knows a great part of y° Peninsula, both above and 
below the Isthmus, and he is well assured there is no place 
on y e said Pen'sula where y c Tide waters, Issuing out of Chesa- 
peak or Susquehanna, approch or Come so near y c Tide water 
Issuing out of y e Bay or River of Dellaware approach or Come 
so near one another as they do at y e before ment'd Line A. 

23— Vol. VII. 



354 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

Benj. Eastburn, who drew the map, speaks fully to the same 
with Tho. Noxon. 

Tho. Miles & Jacob Hulings, two Gent., both Surveyors, be- 
longing to New Jersey, have view'd and taken y c Distance, &c. , 
in Company with Tho. Noxon, and, as they are p'sons residing 
in another Governm', are without exception, and they say y e 
same things as to y 1 ' Tide waters & distance between y e Let- 
ters M and N at y e west end of y L Line A. 

Int. 124. — Tho. Noxon, Jacob Hulings, Tho. Miles. 

Those 3 men say y e waters at y e west end of y e Line B. and at 
y e Letter O, is Comonly Called Chesapeake Bay, and y e waters 
at y'' East end of y e said Line, at y e Letter P, is Called Delia- 
ware River ; That y e waters at y' West end of y e said Line, at y e 
Letter O, are distant ffrom y v water, at y c East end of y e said 
Line, at y e Letter P, not above .... miles ; the reason of their 
knowledge is because they have Carefully examined y e distance 
between y e waters at y e Letters O & P ; That there is no place 
upon y e said Peninsula where y e Bay of Chesapeake or y e River 
Susquehanna approaches or Come so near to y e Bay or River of 
Dellaware as they do at y e Letters O & P at y° East and West 
end of y e Line B. 

Int. 125.— B. Eastburn. 

The Line marked B A L, &c. , is sometimes Called L ,J Bait. 
Line,sometimes Call'd Talbot's Line, and often Called Octorara 
Line. It is Called L d Bait's because it's said it was run by his 
order, and Talbot's Line because it was run by him and his 
Comp'y, and it is Called Octorara Line because it begins at ye 
mouth of Octorara Creek. That he has heard, and does be- 
lieve, y e said Line was run by Col Talbot, of M'yl'd, by Lord 
Bait's order, for a division Line between the Province of M'yl'd 
& Pensilvania. That y e said Line began at y e mouth of Octo- 
orara Creek, which runs out of Susquehanna, and runs eastward 
towards Dellaware. That there are . . people settled to y e 
Southerd of ye said Line. That they Claim their Lands under 
Bait. , &c. , and own y e Gov 1 of M'yl'd. That he knows none to 
y e South of y e said Line who hold their Lands under y e Prop" 
of Pensilvania. That y e people settled on y e North side of y e 
said Line are, m'y of them, belonging to y e Gov 1 of Pensilva. , 
&c. , and a . . . . ffamilys settled to y e Northerd of y e said Line 
own y e Gov 1 of M'yl'd. That those who Live to y e northerd 
of y e said Line, and own y e Go' of M'yl'd, are most of them but 
Late Settlers. 

That y e Line, marked T E M, is Called y e Temporary Line, 
and was Run as ffar Northerd as y e River Susquehanna in 1733 
By Col' Linn Gale, y e p'son present, and one Commiss'er or 
p'son app'ted by L d Bait., or his Go r , on y e one part, and Rd. 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 355 

Peters and Lawrence Growdon, the p'sons appointed by y e Gov' 

of Pensilva, on y' other part, and by . . . Ramsy and 

Surveyors on y e part of . M'yl'd, and this Examinate are said 
Lightffoot Surveyors on y c part of Pensilva. , in pursuance of 
an order of his Majesty in Council &c. The said Temporary 
Line is to y 1 ' Northerd of y c Line marked B A L . . . . miles, 
where the cross y e River Susquehanna, &c. 

Int. 126. — W m Till, Tho. Noxon, Benjamin Chew. 

William Till, of Sussex County, says there are about 

Taxables in Sussex County, and that y e other Inhabitants, 
he believes, may be, or are, 6 times as many. That there are 

Churches, One Court-house and Prison, & . . . . 

meeting-houses in y e said County. 

Tho. Noxon, of New Castle, says there are . Tax- 
ables in N. C. County, and y e other Inhabitants are 7 to one. 
There are ..... Churches, one Court-house & prison, and 
. . . meeting-houses in y e said County. 

Benj. Chew, of Kent County, says there are Tax- 
ables, and that y e other Inhabitants bear a proportion of . . to 
one. That there are .... Churches, one Court-house & 
Prison, and .... meeting houses in y e said County. 

Int. 128. Benjamin Eastburn, Surveyor generall of Pensil- 
vania, and y e 3 Countys, &c. , says he is well acquainted with 
y e publick Records, which Contain ye Grants of Lands in y e 
said Province and Countys. That he has seen great numbers 
of Grants of Lands, &c. , upon y e said Publick Records, &c. 
That those Titles are some ffrom y e Butch at New York, others, 
under y e D. of York's Go 1 , at N. York, and others, under Prop rs 
Penn and his family, but never any Grants to any p'son within 
y e said Province & Countys of Land by L d Bait, his agents, or 
officers. 

Int. 129. —B. Eastbum to L rl Bait. map. 

Int. 130, but ffirst to 1 part of Int. 118. 

Tho Says y c Bay, or water to y e Northerd of 

Chesapeake Bay, on y e said map, is now Called Dellaware Bay. 
The Capes Laid down to eastward & westward, or above and 
below y e Entrance into Dellaware are on y e said map, called 
Cape May and Cape Cornelius. That he has seen other maps, 
but does not describe them particularly, which have y e same 
Capes Laid down by y e same names, or as they are in y e map 
now before him. That he never saw any map of y e said Bay 
of Dellaware before y e year 1680, in which y e said Capes were 
Called by other names. That he does not know when y e said 
Dutch map was published, but believes it to be an old map. 
That he being in Holland years ago, was buying some 



356 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

maps, and purchased the map now shew'd him, by mere ac- 
cident, amongst others, &c. 

Benjamin Eastburn says as above, except as to buying y e 
map in holland, and says he has seen other maps of Dellaware 
Bay, &c. , before y e year, 1680, with ye Capes of Dellaware Laid 
down by y e same names, but none before that time with y c 
Capes Call'd by any other names. He knows y e map in Ogilby 's 
America, and refers to a Swede's map of the Bay, which has 
y c Capes called by y e same names, &c. 

131 — James Hendricks, John Hans Steelman, Elis. Murphee, 
Margt. Allen. 

James Hendricks knows y e Province of M'y'ld & Penslva. , 
&c. , Knows y e Bay of Chesapeake, and especially y e River Sus- 
quehanna, which river runs thro, part of M'y'ld into Penn- 
silvania, &c. That he has seen Indian Towns. & an Indian 
ffort. That about 40 year agoe, he went from Dellaware 
River, where he then dwelt westward into y e woods to search 
for mines. That in his travells, he Came to a Creek Called Oc- 
torara, and being design 'd over The River Susquehanna, he 
Came to an Indian ffort, standing upon, or near y e mouth of 
y e said Creek, where it ffalls into Susquehanna River, where 
Indians then dwelt, and borrowed of the Indians a Canoe to 
cross y e River Susquehanna, which he did. That he believes 
it has been a ffort, for that y e Indians told him so; and he saw 
at that time y e wood, or Timber standing, and banks of earth, 
which had been thrown up about the Town for the defense of 
y e Indians, which is the way they make their fforts, but their 
Towns are not so Inclosed ; and that he knew no Indian fforts 
higher up on y e west side of Susquehanna River. 

John Hans Steelman an old Indian Trader knows Ma'yl'd & 
Pensilva. well, and that y e River Susquehanna runs thro. 
M'yl'd and Pens' lvania both. That he has seen Indian Towns 
& fforts. That he has seen an Indian ffort on y e East side of 
Susquehanna near y e mouth of Octorara Creek, where y e same 
ffalls into Susquehanna. That he had a Cabin & Store of Goods 
and Liv'd with y e Indians in that place about 40 yeai*s agoe. 
That he knows it had been a ffort for that, at that time there 
was y c part of y* Timber standing and y c Banks which had 
been thrown up for y e Indians defence, and that y e way of y e 
Indians making their fforts is to Cut wood and stick it down 
& throw up earth to it. 

That y e Indians of that place had often told him of y Battles 
they had ff ought in that ffort, and upon a Cross Interogat'y 
he says he knew no Indian ffort higher up Susquehanna at 
that time. 

Elizabeth Murphee says she knows Pens'lvania and some of 



BOUNDARY QUESTIQ .'. 357 

y e upper part of M'yl'd. That she knows y' River Susque- 
hanna and that y c same River thro. M'yl'd in Pen'lvania. 
That she lias seen an old Indian ffort, that an Indian Town is 
open in that way they about it where they plant, &c. , but an 
Indian ffort is Inclos'd with wood stuck in y e Ground and 
earth thrown up to it. That she has seen an old Indian ffort 
upon Susquehanna River near y e mouth of y e Creek Called ( )<•- 
torara. That she believes y e same was an Indian ffort because 
when she went up with her ffather Jonas Areskine, between 
30 & 40 years agoe to live at Octorara among the Indians of 
whom he had obtain'd leave. That her ffather Lived there and 
in plowing up y e Ground ffor Corn there were Banks of Earth 
which they were obliged to Levell. That her ffather who had 
traded long among y° Indians told her these were y e Banks of 
the old Indian ffort. That y e old Indians who then Liv'd at y e 
same place had often told her that was their ffort, that there 
had been many Battles ff ought there. That she had seen great 
numbers of dead men's Bones in plowing up y e Ground there, 
and was told these were y e bones of y e men who were kil'd 
there. That she never knew any other Ind. ffort, &c. 

Margaret Allen, who is sisrer to Elizabeth Murphee, Speakes 
y e same things, but more ffully, That she never knew a'y other 
Indian ffort, &c. 

Int. 132. — James Hendricks. 

Being early acquainted Avith y e Settlers upon Susquehanna, 
and having Traded Long among y e Indians, does not believe 
any Englishmen had ever Travel'd up Susquehanna as ffar as 
Conestogo, before the year 1682, and y e reason of his belief is, 
that he never heard any of y e Conestogo Indians talk so, while 
he believes they would have done if any such they had been. 

Int. 20.. Continued. — Jolin Pretty man says all that Woodman 
Stokely has said, and more distinctly. 



THE BOUNDARY IN CHANCERY. 



Between Jn°, Tho s , and Rich d Penn, Esq 8 , | 

Compl ,s , 1 In y e Chancery 

and I" of G' Brittain. 

Charles, L d Baltimore, Defts. 

Setts forth : 

The Bill filed 21 ™, , „ „ ,.„ „ - . . „ _.„ 

June, 1735, foi 454 that y e Compl' 8 are y e 3 surviving sons of W" 

Penn, Esq, Dec' 1 , late proprietary of y e province of Pennsylvania 



358 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

& 3 Lower Countys of New Castle, Kent & Sub- 
copy" 1 (1) '" C1 ° Se sex on Delaware, adjoining to s' 1 province in 
America. 

Description of ye That in America is a certain Peninsula shoot- 
peninsuia. [ n g ou t from y e main Continent Southw ds into 
y e Atlantick Ocean, bounded on y e West by Chesapeak Bay, 
on y e East, on y e lower or in' Southerly p l thereof, by y e Atlan- 
tick Sea, & more NorthW 1 * on y e same East side by y c Estuary 
of Delaware, & as it runs further Northw ds tow d3 y e main Con- 
tinent, is bounded by Delaware River, w ch runs between y e s d 
Peninsula on y e West, & y e Territory now called West New Jer- 
sey, but heretofore called successively New Belgia, New 
Netherlands & New England on y e East. 

That y e s d peninsula & pts. contiguous was first Discovered 
by Capt. Jno. Smith, an Englishman, in or ab* 1606, who gave 

names to sev' pt s thereof of y e Continent ag' 

s d Peninsula on y e Western side of Chesapeak Bay, & after his 
return from y l voyage, published a Book of his Voyage & Dis- 
coverys, w ch was printed in 1624, & thereto annexed a map of 
s d Peninsula, & Sev 1 adjacent pts. of wh. was then called by y" 
Gen 1 name of Virginia, w cb Book is Intitled "The Gren. His- 
" tory of Virginia, New England & y e Sumer Isle, w th y e 

Captn smith ye " names, y e Adventures, planters & Grovernour 
Book Di & C0 map H of " from their first beginning, Ano. 1584, to this 
Virga. &c. " present 1624, w ,h y e proceedings of those sev 1 

" Colonys, & y e Accidents y' befell them in all their Journeys 
" & Discov. Also y e maps & Descriptions of all those Countrys, 
"their Condition, People, Gfoverm', Customs & Religion yet 
"known, divided into 6 Books, by Capt Q John Smith, some- 
" times Governor in the Countrys & Admiral of New England, 
"London, printed by R. E., & J. H. , for Mich 1 Sparkes, 1624." 
And y e s d Book & map of Virginia are well known & esteemed, 
& constantly reckon'd y e earliest Acco', Description & map 
ever given of those parts by any Englishman, And y e s d map 
cont d y e Degrees of Longitude & Latitude, acc'ding to y° then 
best observations. 

The East side of sd That on y e Eastern side of & also above y° s 1 
Sf^wS&DuVch Peninsula, w ,h in the main Continent, & tow ds 
names of'y? letue' y e Sea ' & >' e Estuary & River of Delaware was 
ment time imemorial a Settlem' of Swedish Xtians, 

w' 1 ' was afterw ds in 1609, for many years after Inhabited by 
Dutch Xtians, & w ch for many y rs past, ever since 1663, has been 
in y e poss'ion of y e late Ja s Duke of York, & of y c Compl' 3 Fa' 
& since, & now of y e Compl ts & has been sometimes called y e 
Settlem 1 on Delaware, sometimes Delaware only, sometimes 
y" province of Delaware, sometimes y e 3 Lower Countys, some- 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 359 

times y c 3 Lower Countys of New Castle, Kent & Sussex, & 
sometimes by y e name of Territorys belonging to Pensilv a , all 
of w ch names did and do mean y e same Settlem ts heretofore 
Seated & Inh'ted by y e Swedes & Dutch as afs' 1 . 

That sev 1 y rs after s d Discovry by Capt. Smith, & some four 
after the publication of his s d Book & map in 1634, & when 
there was no other map of s d peninsula & parts adjasent done 
by any Englishman extant, nor any History or Description 
thereof known or used, save y e s d Capt. Smith's s d Book & map, 
Cecilius, then Baron of Baltimore, in Ii-eland, in 1632, peticond 
PeticontoK.c.ist K. Cha s 1 st for leave to transport a Colony of 
fus, a Ld ra fi!m£iore! English into a certain Country in America not 
p*miriSn' la p- d ti<Tn8 then Cultivated & planted, tho' certain p'ts 
thereof. Inhabited by Barbarians, ignorant of God, & 

20th June. 1032. f or a Glrant thereof to him & his Heirs forever/ 
w th certain pow rs for y e Governm' thereof. His s d Ma'ty, by his 
L'res patent under y e G' Seal, dated at Westmins"" y e 20 th June, 
1632, reciting s d petition of s d Cecilius for a Grant of such a 
Country as before described, Granted to S d Cecilius, in ffee, 2 
Tracts of Land, One whereof was p' of y e s d peninsula, and y e 
other was p' of y e Main Land, lying westw d of such p l of s d 
Peninsula, & on y e West of Chesapeak Bay, w oh Tracts are de- 
scribed in s d patent as foil. , viz : 1 st , all y* p l of a .Peninsula ly- 
ing in y e p ,s of America between y e Ocean on y e east, Chesa- 
peak Bay on y e west, & divided from y e other p l thereof by a 
Right Line drawn from y c promontory or Head of Land call'd 
Watkin's point, in s d Bay, near Wigheo River, on y e west, to 
y e Ocean on y e east, & between y e Bound on y e South as far 
Northw d as y* p 1 of y e Estuary of Delaware, w cl1 Lyes under y e 
40 th degree of N. Lat. , where New England ends. The s d Tracts, 
as all y l Tract of Land w lh in y e Bounds afs d , namely from Dela- 
ware Bay in a Right Line by y e Degree afs d , as fan- as to y e 
true Meridian of y e First Fountain of y e River pottowmak, & 
thence tending Southw ds to y c farther Bank of y e s d River & 
following y e West & South side thereof unto a certain place 
called Cinquach, situate upon y* mouth of y e said River, where 
it falls into y e s d Bay of Chesapeak, & from thence by y e shortest 
Line to Watkin's pdint af si , (so y' all y' Tract of Land divided 
by y e s d Line drawn between y e Ocean & Watkin's point into 
Cape Charles, & all its app't'ces sho'd remain excepted to his 
Ma'ty, his Heirs, & Su'ssors forever,) and thereby also Granted 
to y e s d Cecilius, in fee, all Islands & Isletts w"'in y e Limitts 
afs' 1 , & w ch were in y e ocean w th in 10 Leagues Eastwards, and 
erected y e s d Granted Lands into a province by y e name of 
Maryland, as by s a L'rs patent appears. 

That y e s d Tracts so described & Granted in & by y e s d patent 



360 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

„ .... , to s d Cecilius were so hounded by v e help of s' 1 

Smith 8 map only J * l 

ye Rule tor Descrip- Capt" Smith's s d Book & map of Virg 1 ', & no 

cons in sd patent . ,, ., , , 

other, for y e map only & no other then extant 

has all y e names & p'sent bounds of y e sev 1 places mencon'd in 

s d patent, agreeable to those mencon'd & used in y e s d patent. 

That, acc'ding to s u patent. y e Head or m l Northern part of 

all y e Lands thereby Granted to s d Cecilius was to extend only 

Land lying under so farr as 'till it subjoined to such p' of y e es- 
Granted^dCeeli- tuar y of Delaware as lay under y e 40 th Degree, 
ius & y' only 1 mile or 2 at most, (if any of y e es. 

tuary of Delaware lyes w ,h in or under s d 40 ,h Degree,) thereby 
excluding all under s d 40 th Degree, viz': such Lands as did 
lye from 39 th Degrees Compleat to 40 th Degree Compleat, w ch is 
at least 60 Geometrical, or 69 English Statute, miles, & y l , as 
appears by Descripscons in s d patent, no pt. of w ch did lye 
under 40 lh Degree was or cou'd be intended to be Granted to 
s d Cecilius. 
That y e pt. of y e said peninsula so Granted is men d to be 

The 39th Degree Bounded on y e East by y* Main Ocean, w ch 

uppermost ei North e agrees w th y e other Descripcon in s d patent, & 

*ram?edpt ofs^pe"- m akes y e 39 th Degree Compleat to be y e utmost 

oinsnia Head or Northern Bound of y e s d granted pt, 

of a peninsula, in regard y l y e Ocean does only so farr bound 

y e s d peninsula on y e East, & had his s d late Ma'ty intended to 

Grant Lands any further North, y e main Ocean along was not 

a p'per Boundary of such Lands higher than y e 39' h Degree 

Compleat, w ch is further confirmed by y e Description in y e s d 

patent, in regard y e p l of a peninsula therein granted in, to 

, . extend Northw ds only to y' pt. of v e estuary of 
Descriptions of wt J J x • J 

was then called New Delaware as lay under y e 40"' Degree, where 

New England Ended, & what was then Gener- 
ally called New England (& is now divided in to Jerseys, New 
York, Rhode Island, providence plantations, Connecticut^, 
Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, province of Main) lay 
Eastw ds of y e s d Peninsula & of Delaware River, & y e nearest 
point of it extended South w ds quite to or w th in 3 or 4 miles of 
y e 39"' Degree Compleat. according to y e Observacons of those 
times. * 

That y e s d 1 st Tract of Land Granted in & by y c s d patent is 
described as part of a Peninsula, whereas had 
ninsuia reaches ye v e Bounds of v l Tract been meant to extend to 
40th Deg. compleat ye 4Qth DegreeConipleat no part of y" s d Penin- 
sula reaches that Degree Compleat, y c Line thereof lying far* 
Northw d of s d Pen'sula & above y e Isthmus y l concludes it. 

When y e s d patent was made to y e s d Cecilius one pt, of y e s' 1 
Pen'sula. viz': y e Eastern side tow ds y e sea, & y e Estuary & 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 361 

River of Delaware, lay, ace' ding to y e knowledge of those 

times, more Northw' ls than y° 39 th Degree Compieat. 

That y e p' of y e Head of y c s' 1 Pensula, w ch is now called y c 3 

L'r Countys, was then seated by Swedes tv 

Thesiiow'rconn- Dutch, & his s' 1 late Mat 'y not poss'ed thereof, 

Swed!r& 8 Dntel b I nor did he Grant y. s * Cecilins peticon for y 

not granted by or in Bams but only for a Country not then Culti- 

possionof his sd late •' J 

Maty. vated,tho' in certain pts. Inhabited by savages 

ignorant of God. 

That on y e Granting y° s d patent to y e s d Ceciliushe orhisDe- 

cend' 9 took & have ever since been in possion 

Dutch e S n7oye d d e the* of y e ** prem'ee so granted to him, and y 

sd settiemts long Swedes & Dutch Successively for manv years 

after ye Granting , . / , _r ' 

sd patent, & ye sd after possed & Enjoyed tlieir s" Antient Settlm 1 , 
Cecilius wrongfully „ „, ., „ T ^ , , „ „,.,., T ^ 

seated pt of ve on y c West side of Delaware, above y e 39 th Deg. 
nsuia 8 '^ ° f Sd Pe " Compieat, & bounding Eastw d on y* sea & Dela- 
ware River, but as y e s d Sweedish & Dutch Set- 
tlm 1 " did not extend Westw ns quite across y e s' 1 Pensula to Ches- 
apeak Bay, & his s' 1 late Ma'ty & success" not having for near 
50 y rs after date of s d patent made any Grant of s d Country on 
back or more Northw d< than s d Tracts to granted s d Cecilius, y e 
same being pos-ed by y e Indian Natives, y e s d Cecilius & De 
scend" did in Disinherison of his Ma'ty take possion of some 
Lands on y e Western side of s d pen'sula, above y e 39 th Degree 
Compieat, to w ch they had no title till one was made by the 
Compl ts to y e Def ts , as hereinafter menconed. • 
That y e Dutch held y c 3 Low 1 " Countys as appertaining to a 

The Dutch held 3 Gr' er Settlm' upon a very large Tract of land, p' 
pt°of e &ne°cessrry?o of w " is so generally called New England, & y l 
their at or settemt. ^ was necessary to those who enjoyed y e G'ter 
Settlem' to have y e 3 Low' Countys, on acco' of y e Dangerous 
Navigation on y e River Delaware, & y l y e ports & Havens all 
lye on y e Western side of s d River. 

K.chas.2d Grantd That in 1064, K. Oha s y e 2 d , took from y e Dutch 
P t of New e E°ngTa°nd: & Swedes, all their antient Settlem", & being 
fwed W es&Dutch e se^ tnen i for the first time > seized thereof in right 
dated S 'rnh March' ot his Crown > did D Y his Tjres patent, dated 12'" 
1664, ' March, 1664, Grant in fee to his Bro r Ja% Duke 

of York, all y' p' of y e main Land of New England, beginning 
at St. Croix, nextadj'g to New Scotland, & thence extending 
along y e Sea Coast to pemaquine or pemaquid, & up Northw lls 
to y e head of y e River thereof, & thence to y e River of Thine- 
bequine, & so upw ds , by y e shortest Course to y e River Canada, 
North d , and also Mattowacks or Long Island, lying tow ds y tf 
West of Cape Cod, & y e Narrohigansetts, abutting upon y° 
Main Land between y e 2 Rivers called Connecticut & Hudsons 



362 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

Rivers, Together w th s d Hudsons River and all y e Lands from 
ye \\r es t side of Connecticutt River to y e East side of Delaware 
Bay, and all those Islands called Martin Vinyards & Narituk.es 
or Nantuckett ; Together with all Lands, Islands, Rivers, Har- 
bours, Rovaltys, & Apptces w l soev f , w th divers pow rs of Gov- 
ernm'. 

The nuke possed And thereupon, y e s' 1 Duke of York, by his 
timets, u & C yt e sd Governors & offic rs , became poss'ed of s d Dutch 
Dutch - G ,s Settlem ts , since divided into & called New 

York, & West & East New Jerseys, & of y e s d small & Antient 
Settleint of Swedes and Dutch, called y e 3 Lower Oountys of 
New Castle, Kent, & Sussex, as app'taining to s d Gt r & Set- 
tlemts, and Exercised all sorts of acts of Owner' pp & Gov- 
ernmts in s d small Settlemts, called y e 3 Lower Countys for 
many y rs together, & y e same small settlemts, when in possion 
of y e Dutch, & afterw ds of y e s d Duke was always dependent 
upon & appr'taining to s d Gt Settleint, till Granted away by 
s d Duke. 

After s d Grant to y e s d Duke, a treaty was con- 

AT$\$J£?to eluded in 1672, at Breda, between s d K. O 2" & 

ionfo? °May K i6h° n y e States Gen', whereby y° latter Ceded to his 

ceded by ye Dutch. s d Maty all places in his poss'ion on y e 10 th of 

May, 1667. 

On Warr, in i«72, In y e y r 1672 Warr was Declared between En- 
sIseuiem^anTby gland & Holland, & y e Dutch, in July 1673, en- 
peace, 1673, restored. t)ered upon their gd form r fjj.tr Settleint, & like- 
wise s 1 form' Smaller settlement, now called y 1 ' 3 Lower Coun- 
tys , but afterw ds viz 1 , in ffebry, 1673, a peace was concluded 
between England & Holland, whereby all Countrys taken by 
each from y e other since s d warr broke out in 1672 were to be 
restored. 

Soon after Duke Soon after concluding s d Treaty of ffebry, 
to'Jakf&keepposs- 1673, his s d late Maty & s d Duke sent over Coll. 
ion of sd settiemt. Edmund Andros, w ,h auth'ty to receive from y" 
Dutch their s d Settlemts, & to continue in y e Command there- 
of, under s d Duke, & y e s d Coll. Andros continued in possion 
thereof, under & for s d Duke, & for many y rs exercised there 
all acts of own'pp & Governm 1 pticularly complaint s' 1 small 
Settlemn' 5 called 3 Lower Countys. 

. „ . That in order to make v 1 ' Duke a clearer Title 
2d grant to sd Duke 
of same Lands, Date to s d Countrys, his s d Matv bv Lres Patent 

29th June, 1074. ,.,„.„•.-,.. . -r, " ,' ^ ^ , 

dated 29 l " June 1674, Regranted to s d Duke in 
ffee y e same Lands & powers of Governmt & in same words as 
in s d former patent. 

What W m Penn, y e Ooinp" 5 Fa r , in June, 1680, peticoned K. 
Cha" 2 d for a grant of a Tract of Land in America, lying North 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 363 

June, 1680, Win. of Maryland, on y e East bounded w th Delaware 
Fa" D ' P eUcon^ P fOT River, on y e West limited as Maryland, & 
fn1"re ilV funy' d Heard Northw ds to extend as farr as plantable, being 
thereto. Called in by y e Comittee of y e prv'y Council for 

y c Affairs of Trade & plantacons, to whom his peticon was re- 
ferred, & being asked what extent of Land he would be Con- 
tented w th Northerly, he Declared himself satisfyd w lh 3 De- 
grees to y e North wds , & y e Agents for y e then L d Baltimore had 
Copys of s'd peticon, & were fully heard thereon, as appears 
by sev 1 ord rs of Council, dated respvely H lh & 25 tu June, & 16 th 
Dec, 1680. 

SdWm. Penn ob- That thereupon his s'd late Maty K. C 2 d by 
thereof d d a at G e r 4th Lres patent dated 4 th March, 1680, Granted to 
March. 1680. g d W m p enni i n ff ee all y l Tract of Land . . w th 

all Islands therein contained, bounded on y e East, by Delaware 
Riv r from 12 miles .... from 12 Distance Northw ds of Newcas- 
tle town to y e 43 d Degree if y e s d Riv r did extend so farr 

Description & p - Northw ds , but if not, then by s'd River so farr 
ticuiar Bounds of a s it did extend, & y e Eastern Bounds to be de- 

pensilva. 

termined by a Meridian Line drawn from y e 
head of s'd River to y e 43 d Degree. The s'd Lands to extend 
Westw ds 5 Degrees in Longitude from y e s'd Eastern Bounds, 
& to bounded on y e North by y e beginning of y e 43 d Degree, and 
on the South by a Circle drawn at 12 miles Distance from New- 
castle Northw ds & Westw ds to y e beginning of y e 40 th Degree N. 
Lat. , & then by a strait Line Westw ds to y e s d Limitt of Longi- 
tude w th free passage into & out of all Harbours, Rivers, & In- 
letts belonging to or Leading from y e same and all y e soil &c. , 
& Apptces & diver., pow" of Governm 1 and erected y e s'd Coun- 
try into a province & called Pensilv a . 

That tho' Pensilv a lay intirely on y e West of Delaware, yet 

Sd Duke assent to as s'd 3 Low r Countys & other Lands, enjoyed 
Penn r d"t 21 Augt, by S'd Duke, as belonging to s'd G l Settlem' on 
1682- y e East side of s'd River, y e s'd Duke's assent 

to y e s'd Grant to y e Compl 18 fat r was tho't necessary and ob- 
tained, and net only so, but by In'd're dated 2l sl Aug", 1682, y e 
s'd Duke released to s'd W' n Penn, in ffee all his, y e s'd Duke's, 
Estate, Title & Claim w'soev'to y e s'd Tract of Land & prem'es 
so Granted to s'd W m Penn. 

That as Pensilv a lyes North of Maryland, so by s'd Patent for 
Pensilv a , its Gen 1 Bounds on y e South p l are expressly said to 

As Maryland ends ^ e v<5 beginning of y e 40 th Degree, (w th excepcon 
at beginning oi 40th f y e Circle of 12 Miles Distance from Newcas- 

Degree. so pensilva 

begins there & runs tie,) and as by s d Maryland patent, v e Bounds 

Northwds to 43d D. ,' , * J , fl ' ." 

ot Maryland were to extend Northw d * as farr as 
to y e 40 lh Degree, so this 2 d Grant cont'g y e province of Pen- 



364 PENNSYLVANIA ANDMARYLAND 

silv a , makes Pensilva to commence from y e beginning of y L sM 

40"' Degree, & to run Northw ds 3 Degrees, viz': to y e beginning 

of y e 43 d Degree. 
That soon after, as y c s'd Duke, by feoffin 1 dated 24" 1 Aug 1 , 
Sd Duke's 2d feoff- 1&®, did sell & Confirm to y e s'd W m Penn, in 

mtto wm Penn of ff ee a n y t y e Town of Newcastle, & y e Tract of 

Newcastle & 3 Lower ' J J ' - 

Countys. dated 24th Land w th in y e Compass or Circle of 12 Miles, ab' 

Aufft, 1680. J l , ' 

y e same & all Islands, & y e s d River & Soyl 
thereof lying North of y e Southermost p 1 of y e s'd Circle of 12 
Miles ab l y e s'd Town, Together w' h all Rents, Royaltys, &c. , 
and all his Estate, Right, &c. And y° s'd Duke by his other 
Ind" of ffeoffni 1 dated same, 24"' Aug", 1682, did sell and confirm 
to y e sd W m Penn, in ff ee, all ) ' Tract of land upon Delaware 
Riv r & Bay, beginning 12 Miles from Newcastle, & extending 
South to y e Whorekills, otherwise Cape Henlopen ; Together w lh 
free passage into & out of all Harbours, Rivers, &c. , and all 
soyl, Riv ,s , &c. , & all his estate, Royalty, &c. , w th Cove'nts for 
further assurance, & in each of s'd ffeotl'm 18 appointed 2 . . . 
Att'eys to take & give Livery & Seizin, who did acc'd'ly soon 
after .... Deliver such Livery & Seizin, to y e s'd W m Penn 
and soon after, viz': In Nov r , 1(582, y e s'd Duke's Gov 1 & Coun- 
cil at New York issued a publick proclamation, reciting y e s'd 
Grants & ffeoffmts of y e s'd Duke to y e s'd W™ Penn, addressed 
or directed to y e sev 1 Justices, Magistrates & other officers at 
Newcastle, St. Jones, Deals als Whorekill at Delaware, or w ,h in 

any y e Limitts in y e s'd ffeoffmt" requiring their due 

obedience to y e s'd W m penn. &c. 
That y e Lands comprised in y e s'd 2 resp've ffeoffm", are now 

Lands in sd ffeoff- called by y e name of y e 3 Low'r Countys of New- 
mts eonod yeSLowt _ __ _ „ 

countys, castle, Kent & Sussex. 

Wm. Penn took That y c s'd W m Penn entered into y c peaceable 
P 0S ?Lo? °, f p Q en , silva possion of Pensilv a in June, 1681, & v° s'd 3 

in 1681, & 3 Lowr * J 

Countys in 1682, & he Low'r Count vs in Octo r or Nov r , 1682, & v l he 

&hisDeseendtshave *-,-... -. ■, • B \ 

ever since contd in and those Claiming under him, now are & have 
possion. . , . ,. ,, c 

ever since been in poss ion thereof. 

W m Penn did, at his own p'per expence, People & Settle 

pensilv* & s'd 3 Low' Countys, & y l y e same for its age is now 

y e m' flourishing Colony in America, & y l there is now at least 

80,000 souls in s d 3 Low r Countys, only exclusive of Pensilv a , 

p'perly so called. 

That y e s'd Duke, in pursuance op 1 p'formance of his s'd 

k. c. 2ds further Cov ls , for further assurance did very shortly 

of 'Iiowct countTs 6 after a PP ] y for & obtai " from K - ChaS his further 

as Trustee for Wm. Lres patent for s'd prem'es, dated 22 d March, 
Penn, dat. 22d ^ r ' 

March. 1682, now in 1682, whereby he G rants to y e s'd Duke, in ffee, 

all y' y* Town of Newcastle, otherwise called 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 365 

Delaware, & fort therein situate, & lying between Maryland 
& New Jersey in America, and all y l Tract lying vv lh in y e 
Compass or Circle of 12 Miles ab 1 y e s d Town, lying upon y" 
River of Delaware, and all Islands in sd River, and s'd River 
& Soyl thereof, lying North of y e Southermost p l of s'd Circle of 
12 Miles ab' s'd Town, and all y l Tract of land upon Delaware 
River & Bay, begining 12 Miles South from s d Town of Newcastle, 
& extending South to Cape Lopin, Together w l \ &c. And im- 
ediately after y e s'd last recited patent had passed y e G' Seal 
y e s'd Duke, who was no other than a Trustee therein for y c s'd 
W m Penn, & had obtained it in pursuance of his Cov ts , for 
further Assurance did Deliver y e same patent to y e s'd W m 
Penn, & y e same is now in y e Compl 18 Custody. 

Afterw ds y e s'd Duke in further pursuance of his s'd Conv ts 

W th y e s'd W m Penn. did Sollicit from the s'd K. Cha s 2 rt , a yet 

sa Duke soliicits father & more beneficial Grant of y e Lands, 

for a further Grant uow ca lled v e 3 Lower Countvs, & y e same was 

of sdSLowrCountys J r <, ci i 

for sd Wm. Penn, preparing in order to pass y e G l Seal, but was 

in 1083, & is oppos'd , , „ , . ,. , ■, 

by then Ld Baiti- stop d for some time UDon a peticon presented 
lugs 6 &\ S ?o V ng H luH to his" s'd Ma'ty in Council by Rich" 1 Burk, as 
ensued thereon. . . . . to y e then L d Baltimore, (who was 

either son or Grandson, & Heir of s'd Cecilius,) & w ch was re- 
ferr'd by ord'r of Council dated y e . . . . of May, 1683, to y 
then Committee of Trade & plantacons, (p l of s'd Privy Coun- 
cil) & Several Hearings were had thereon for near 2^ y rs to- 
gether, & a long Suit ensued thereon between y e Compl ts , & in 
y e p'secucon of that Suit & Diffence, it is expressly menconed 
in y e Sev 1 Ord" made b v s'd Comittee, to be a Dispute between 
s'd then L d Baltimore & s'd W m Penn, altho y e s'd W m Penn 
did sometimes make use of y e said Dukes name therein, as 
holding under him in s'd Grants & Cov ,s ,& although y e s'd Duke 
by himself & Council did sometimes Interpose & assist in s'd 
Suit, w ch y e Comp 1,s rely on as a further manifest Declaracon 
on y e p t of s'd Duke, y' y e s'd Grant of s d 3 Lower Countys, w ob 
he obtained after his s' 1 ffeoffm 15 , & also s'd further Grant he was 
then Solliciting for, were not for himself, but in Trust & for 
sd W m Penn. 

Final ordr of And y e final ord r of Council made thereon 
f3th n N U ov h rf r i6 85 d t upon y* 13* Nov', 1685, was to y effect foil., 
betwlen 6 Ed^Baitt- viz ' the following Rep ,s being read at ye Board. 
more & Wm. Penn The Lords of v e Comittee for Trade and plan- 

from Cape Hinlopen . ^ ^ , 

to ye 40th d. tacons, having pursuant to his late Maty s Oru r 

in Council of 31 st May, 1683, exied y e mres in Diffence between 
y e L' 1 Baltimore & W m Penn, Esq r , in behalf of his p r sent Maty 
concerning a Tract of Land in America com'only called De la 
Ware. Their Lo-pps find y' y e Land intended to be Granted by 



366 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

L d Baltimore's Patent was only Land Uncultivated & Inhited 
by Savages, & y l this Tract of Land now in dispute was Inhited 
& planted by Xtians at and before y e date of L d Baltimore's 
patent as it hath been ever since to this time & continued as a 
distinct Colony from Maryland, so y 1 their Lo-pps humbly of- 
fer their opinion y l for avoiding further differences y e Tract of 
Land lying between y e River Delaware & y e Eastern Sea on y e 
one side & Chesapeak Bay on y e other, be divided into equal 
pts by a line from y e Latitude of Cape Hinlopen to ye 40 th De- 
gree of Lat. and y l one half thereof lying tow ds y e Bay of Dela- 
ware & y e Eastern Sea, be adjudged to belong to his Ma'ty, & 
y* y e other half thereof remain to y e L 1 Baltimore as comprized 
in his Charter. Council Chamber, 7 th Nov r , 1685. His Maty 
well approving of y e s d Rep', It was thereupon orde d by his 
Ma'ty, in Council, y l y e s'd Lands be further divided accdingly, 
whereof y e s'd L d Baltimore & W m Penn, Esq r , & their resp've 
officers & all others whom it may concern, are to take notice & 
give due obedience thereto. 

During si contest That during s'd Contest in 1688, 84 & 85, s'd 
p'ducerUosdComit- then L d Baltimore produced to y e then Com 1 ' of 
ptVe'r^tenrtinKTt Trade & plantacons, in order to serve himself 

to be a copy of a a })i an k fictitious paper drawn up in form of v e 

Rep. or order of tr sr xr 

Counciiof 4th April. Bra' of a Rep' & ord r of y c Comittee of fforreign 

1038, but pvd all a l 

fiction. plantacons as y e 4"' April, 1638, touching dif- 

fences between same L d Baltimore & one Mr. Claybourn ab 1 y e 
Isle of Kent, in order to show y l form r Board's pretended 
opinion touching y e L d Baltimore's R l toy e Isle of Kent, & y e 
s'd then Comittee of Trade in 1685 put off y e m're, & gave s'd 
L d Baltimore time to pcure an attested copy of such pretended 
Rep 1 or order in 1638, w ch he undertook but afterw ds Declared 
to s'd Comittee of Trade & plantacons on 17 th Octo r , 1685, y" he 
cou'd not find y e Orig 1 , neither is there any Orig 1 , s'd paper 
being mere fiction. 

Mr Penn upon That before s'd ord r of Cou 1 of Nov r , 1685, y e 
ofcoiof NoTr! \m. s'd W m Penn had not made any large or expen- 
mf 8 de of ye S d 1 TLo V wr sive improvem" in s'd 3 Low' Countys, but 
Countys, thereby a fterw ds he, conceiving y' thereby y e m're of v e 

gtly Distressed & ° J " \ 

Mortgdhis extate. s'd L d Baltimore's ill grounded Claim was at 
an end, did, at a vast expense, raise by mortge & sale of his 
Family estate in England & Ireland, and by mortge even of 
his s'd Lands in America & by purchases from large presents 
to and Treatys w tb y e Indians & own r \ & by g' pains, Toils & 
Hazards, g"- ? Settle & people y e s'd Lands so granted to him & 
pticularly s'd 3 Low' Countys w ch are now all or nearly taken 
up planted & Cleared. 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 36? 

That y e Swedes & Dutch, during their resp've poss'ion of s'd 
3 Lower Countys, had made considble purchases there from y e 
Indians & possors, for val' Cons' & y e R' thereto was legally 
vested in y e s'd W m Penn, & he himself after s'd Grants to & 

wth ye purchases in Trust for him did also for val' Cons' pur- 
made by ye Swedes chase of y e Indians & own rs of Lands in s'd 3 

& Dutch, ye large 

ones by Wm Penn Lower Countys & from their Kings & Sachems 

from the Indians. ,1,11 ,-.■■•.,,,,_ 

by deeds duly executed, all these lands from 

He was possed of Quing Quingus, call'd Duck Creek, unto y e 
couirtys e by p'u"- Land call 'd Chester Creek, lying all along Del- 
chase - aware River, & so between s'd Creek backw ds as 

far as a man can Ride w th a Horse in 2 days,w ch Lands comprized 
in y e s'd Conveyances from y e Indians to y e s'd W m Penn, make 
up at least § lh pts of s'd 3 Lower Countys, besides y' y e other pts 
of s'd 3 Lower Countys have been heretofore purchas'd by s'd 
Swedes & Dutch & the Comp lts & those under whom tliey 
Claim. 
That from Nov r , 1G85, to Jan r y, 1708, (23y rs ) y e s'd L a Balti- 

Ld Baltimore suf- more who had so Many hearings in y rs 1683, 84 
to r pceed quietly 'in & 85, & at last such a final determina'con ag' 
I'mVrovem'tffnfmsd his i]1 Bounded pretencons, in 1685 suffer'd s'd 
Anal order in 1685, \y» Penn to go on peaceablv w ,h out anv inter- 

for 23 yrs. In wch o jr . 

time most of his ex- rupcon to make such purchases, & to settle, 
Improve & Govern s'd 3 Low r Countys, In w ch 
s'd 23 y rs y c g'est pt, of his expence was laid out. 
But m janry, 1708. But in Jan r y, 1708, s'd L d Baltimore presented 

Ld Baltimore pre- J 

ferrs his petn to to Queen Anna peti con & therein, after name- 
Queen Ann to set . , , , 17 - -,-> , , . . , . „ 
aside sdordr of 1G85. ing s d W m Penn, he (hopemg the sd form r 

Transac'cons & Hearings had been forgot,) did falsely set forth 

(interalia) as follows, viz 1 : "That on y e 7'" Nov r , 1685, y e s'd 

"Penn falsely suggesting y l yo r pet r by his Grant from yo r 

"Royal Grandla r was to have in Land but w l was Cultivated by 

"Savages (tho' y e s'd suggestion was directly contrary to y e 

"words & intent of yo r peticon" Grant, obtained an ord r of 

"Council for dividing an Isthmus of Land lying between y e 

" River & Bay of Delaware & y e Eastern Sea on y c one side & 

" Chesapeak Bay on y e other side, & thereby has endeavoured 

" w th out yo r pet rs being ever heard to or having notice of such 

"ord r to deprive yo r pet r of his Inh'itance Granted him by y e 

"Bounty of yo r Royal Grandfa r , yo r pet r therefore in' humbly 

"prays y l y c s'd ord r thus surreptitiously gotten up may be set 

wch petn her aside." Wch pet n having on y e 9 th of ;/ e same 

Co a mitteefOT B TrUI Jan rv , 1708, Referred to y e Comittee for Trade & 

& plants. plantacons, y c s'd W m Penn on the 27 lh of same 

Jan rT , presented his pet" to her Ma'ty Represemting y* y 9 m'res 



368 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

in diffence had on y e L d Baltimore's own pet" & req', been 
exa'i'ed before y e Comittee for Trade & plant, in y c y ls 1684 & 

And thereon Wm 85, who, after sev 1 Hearings of both sides & 
Ma"t n y to e Dilm?8s h i?d long deliberacon, had Reported their opinion 
Baltimore's Petes, thereon, & how y e Boundaries sho'd be Set- 
tled, w cb Rep' had, in Nov 1 , 168."), been approved of & Con- 
firmed by ord r of y e King in Council, & not doubting, but s'd 
L d Baltimore wou'd have acquies'ced under y e Royal deter- 
mina'con, w ch himself had desired, y e s'd AV m Perm & his 
Tenants had ever since Improved y L> Disputed Lands w ch were 
alloted him, but to his g< surprize, after 23 y rs quiet poss'ion & 
y' Sentence y e L d Baltimore had peticoned to set aside s'd ord r 
in Council, av c1 > was intended to be final, and s'd Win Penn 
prayd her s'd Ma'ty not to Countance an attempt so injurious 
to property & y e Right of her Subjects, but to order s'd L d 

And ye same is Baltimore's pet" to be Dismissed, And Iter s d 
nismissed accdiy. M f ty oy ord r in Council of 27'* JaW», 1708. Dis- 
missed y e s d pet" of s d L d Baltimore accdiy. 

Notwithstanding That y e s'd L d Baltimore not yet Resting Sat- 
r K C a h in y peti d c ns d her isfied, He, on the 19"' May, 1709, presented an- 
Maty 19 May, 1709. other peticon to her s'd late Ma'ty again, ex- 
pressly asserting y 1, y e s'd ord r of Council of 17 th Nov r , 168a, had 
been obtained by false suggestions of s'd W m Penn, w"'out bis 
y r pet" being ever heard, & took notice therein of y e allega'- 
cons in y e pet n of y e s'd W m Penn of Jan rv , 1708, y' y e s'd ord r of 
Council had been obtain 'd after sev 1 Hearings of s'd L d Balti- 

Wch petn her more & his Council, but in answ r thereto ye s'd 
HtMd?n d Counciita L d Baltimore asserted y' he cou'd fully prove 
June, the next. yt } ie hac ] no no tice of s'd ord r , and her Ma'ty, 

by ord r in Council, of 19 lh May, 1709, order'd y l y e m're of s'd 
last men' 1 pet n sho'd be heard before her Ma'ty, in Council, in 
June then next, whereof all pties were to take notice & come 
prepared. 

That s'd L d Baltimore & W m Penn were accdiy heard before 
her Ma'ty in Coun 1 , & she. by ord r in Coun 1 of 23 d June, 1709, 

And on fun Hear- Reciting s'd last men d pet" & Allegacons y' s'd 
tec y o e uncif Te e sdM ord r of 1685 had been obtained by falce sugges- 
a|ainDis±t C ° n & sd tions of s'd W m Penn, & w'-out s'd L d Balti- 
ordr of Ki85 ratifyd & more 's having been heard thereupon, and y' 

ordd to be put in ex- , ,ii -itv^,! -,, 

ecucon. both p'ys had, pursuant to her s d Ma ty ord r 

y l day attended and been fully Heard, & y' it had been made 
appear y 1 as well y e s'd then pet 1 , as y e s'd W m Penn, had been 
divers times heard before y e makeing of y e s'd Ord r , Her s'd 
Ma'y, w th advice of her privy Coun 1 , ord r y l y e s'd L d Balti- 
more's pet a sho'd be Dismist y l Board, and y' \ e s'd Ord r of 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 369 

13 lh Nov, 1685, shod be ratifyd & Confirm'd in all its points, 
& be put in execucon, w"'out any further delay. 

And y" in' re being so again finally adjusted by s'd order of 

June, 1709, y e s'd W™ Penn remained in quiet possion of s'd 3 

And thereon Mr. Low r Countys y e rem r of his Life, & Dyd 30"' 

Penn remnd quietly T , mio V a i i i • m j j. j 

possedof wULuwr July. 1718, having first made Ins will, dated 
on Un ye 8 '30th h juiy? sometime in 1711 or 1712, & Devised to Hanah, 

! T . 1S - h: \ Y \ nti ,™ ; , Kl< * his wife, yo' Oompl ts Mo r since dec' 1 , & sev 1 

his willdatin litl or " l 

1712. other p'sons & their Heirs, all his Lands, Rents, 

wen Gives aii his & Hereidt s in Pensilv% & y e Territorys thereto 

American estate to i , , -i . . 

Hanah, his wife, & belonging, or elsewhere in America, upon 
sen?top T ay U h!s e Dts t0 Trust, to sell so much as wou'd pay all his D ts . 
(div ' id i I . 1 , f ; J! ( \ sidue ; & then to Convey 40,000 Acres, p' thereof as 

except 40, 000 Acres, ) J ' ' L 

amongst his chiidn. therein directed, & to Convey y e Residue of 

by her as she should 

direct. . his Lands in America amongst his Child 11 ", by 

The win pod ah his s'd wife, in such p'porcons as she shou'd 
Hanah ye b 'soieEx- think fit, and all his p'sonalty in pensilv% & 
elsewhere, he gave to his s'd wife, & made her 
sole Exec\ & who proved y e same y e 4 th Nov', 1718, in y e pre- 
rogative Court of Cant'bury, & was afterw ds established by a 
Decree in y° Court of excheq r at Westin r , or a suit bro 1 for y' 
purpose ag 1 ye Heirs at Law. 

Hanah by Deed That s'd Hanah by deed poll dated 18 lh Nov r , 
ins Directs sd Kes- 1718, Directed all y e Residue of y e Lands & Es- 
Z^ytoh'erlidesl tate of y° s'd W" Penn in America (y l shou'd 

sonyesd jno.Penn, re maiii after y e pvisons in his Will & subject to 

& ye remg. Movety J l J 

to sd Thos. Kichd & his D ,s ) to be Conveyed in maner foil, viz': 3 

full equal pts. of such Residue (in to be di- 
vided) To & to y e use of y c ' Coinp l,s Jno. Penn & his Heirs, and 
y° remg §■'"■ pts. to y e use of her 3 young r Child 11 " by s'd W" 
Penn viz 1 y e Compl ,s Tho s & Rich' 1 Penn & Denis Penn, since 
dec 1 , & their Heirs as Joint Ten' 5 for ever & also Directed y e 3 
Low r Countys to be divided <fc Convey'd in same inan'er. 

Thai s'd Hanah Dyd 20 th Dec r , 1726, & s'd 

Hanah Dyes, 20th . J ' 

Decr. Ira;, & sd Denis Penn Dy d on or ab' y L . . . of . . .an 

tont 18 &then 2 Surviv- Infant, w th out issue & by Lease & Release dated 

ley sd'prem'es toy e • • • ■ y e , then surviving Trustees named m s'd 

Compits, accding to W m Penn's Will duely Convey'd all s'd Lands 

Hanah s sd Deed ot , 

Appointmt. & prem'ses to y e Compits in y e propor cons, ac- 

cording to s'd appointm ts of s'd Hanah. 
wm. Penn, (be- That s'd W" Penn had put himself to so g' 

sides selling pt. of . T . . i /-i t i ■ i 

his Family Estate. ) expence in Improveing s d Countrys y' besides 

Ame&Esute^o selling a considerable pt. of his Family estate 

fof«!TOl» e s,wch°ay26 in England & Ireland for y* purpose, he Mort- 

yrs thereon, & then gaged in v° v r 1708 his American Estate to 

Mortgees reconvey ' 

to ye Compits. Joshua Gee, John Woods & others for 6600fl>s, 

.24— Vol. VII. 



370 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

w ch lay thereon for above 20 y rs , but in 1729, y e Mort'gees recon- 
vey'ed to y c Comp 1,s , who have, ever since y e death of y e s'd 
Hanah, peaceably enjoyed y° s'd 3 Lower Countys, as y c s'd 
Hanah till her death had Likewise done. 

Ye sd Wm&Hanah That s'd W" Penii & Hanah during their rc- 
since have "always spve lives & y 1 ' Compl", ever since, have always 
Goy«&haveCa??yd appointed y e Depty Govern- of s'd 3 Lower 

on ye lmprovemts Countys, & w th their Tenants thereof have 

in 3 Lowr Countys 

at their own ex- Carry ' d on y e G' Improvem ts now being thereon 
at their own sole & prodigious expenee. 

That during y' time y e s'd Hanah was so possesst of s'd 3 
Lower Countys y e Infancy of y e Compl tB , y e Def ts applyd pson- 
ally to the s'd Hanah, & admitted to her y l he had no Title to 

Dtt. appiys to sd s'd 3 Lower Countys, but as ye bounds of y e 
he & had 'no Title to'sd s'd provinces of Pensilv a & Maryland. had not 
sires^agr'e'emtT't h Y an y P'tictdar Land Marks been layd out, 

no Lands shou'd be some of his & likewise her Tenants on ye 

Granted on ye 

BordrsTiUBoundry Borders refused to pay their Quit Rents, & 

other Inconveniencys arose to them both, he 
therefore propos'd y l till ye Bounds cou'd be exactly set out, 
Wch agreemt no more Lands shou'd be Granted by either 
Febry, 1723, A^sVs °f them near y e Bord rs , and thereupon an 
foll: agreem" dated 17 th Febry, 1723, was duly signed 

& executed by s'd Hanah & y e s'd Def ts to y e effect follg, viz' : 
"Whereas there are Disputes depending between y e resp've 
" )3ropriet rs of y e province of Maryland & pensilv a , touching y' 
"Limittsor Boundary thereof where they are Contiguous to 
"each other, And Whereas both p'ties are now sincerely in- 
clined to enter into a, Treaty in order to take such method as 
"may be adviseable for y° final Determining y e s'd Controversiw 
"by agreeing upon such Lines or other marks of Distinction, 
"to be settled as may remain for a ppetual Boundary bet ween 
" y e 2 Provinces. It is therefore mutually agreed Between y" 
" R' Hono'ble Cha s L' 1 Baltimore, proprietor & Govern r of Mary- 
"land, & Hanah Penn, wid° & Exec" of W" Penn, Esq r . late 
"Propriet r & Govern r of Pensilv a . «Sr Joshua Gee. of London, 
"Merch 1 , & Henry Gouldney, of London, Linendraper, in be 
"half of themselves & y e Mort'gees of y e Province of Pensilv", 
"yt f or avoiding all man'er of Contention or Diffence between 
"y e Inh'itants of y e s'd Provinces, no pson or psons shall be 
"disturbed or molested in their poss' ion on either side, nor any 
"Lands be surveyd, taken up or Granted in either of y e s'd 
'provinces, near y e Boundaries W' 1 have been Claimed or 
"p r tended toon either side. This agreem 1 to continue for 18 
"Months, in w eh time 'tis-hoped y e Boundaries will be settled, 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 371 

"and it is mutually agreed by y' s'd ptys y' proclama'cons be 
"made in y e s'd provinces, Signifying this Agreem 1 fory e better 
"Quieting y c people," and in pursuance of s'd agreem* a pro- 
elama'con was published the 17"' May, 1724, by S r W m Keith, 
Ban-', then Depty Govern' under y e s'd Hanah Penn, in & over 
y e s'd province of Pensilv 1 & 3 Lower Countys, and y e like pro- 
claina'con was then published in Maryland by direc'con of y e 
]>ef*. 

That mres remain'd Quiet und r y l agreem 1 for y e 18 months & a 
much longer time, & tho' (thro' y e neglect of y e Def' s & y e Death 

Yt sd Hanah & of s'd Hanah & Infancy of v e Compl ts ,) y e 

Complts observe! the -,-> -. „ „ . , . , , 

sd atireemt on their Hounds ot y e s d provinces were not markt out 
KSy^oSfoSSrtS under s ' d agreem', yet y« s'd Hanah & y e 
toCKona Complt 8 on their pts. observed y e s'd agreem', 
their due i.imitts. & (Granted out no lands near y e Borders, But 
y e Def ls on \ Tt ' contrary from his first entering into s'd agreem' 
by himself & offic" made many large Grants of G' Quantitys of 
Land w ,h out specifying where the same lay, w ,h intent y' such 
Grantees shou'd take up Lands where they cou'd find them 
vacant, thereby designing to extend his Grants <fc Settlm ts farr 
beyond y e true Bounds of y e Grant made to said Cecilius to y e 
g' injury of ye Compl ls . 
That y e Def, y e I s ' of July, Peticoned his p'sent Ma'ty to 
Deft , 1st July, order y e Propriety of Pensilv 8 forthwith to join 
p'Wnt Maty° to ordr w th him in ascertaining y e Boundaries, & in 
l8certeFni n g 0J "°thei? case tne y refused or y' y e same shou'd not be 
B e U rare'in r dis I ?rte' r done wtl>in 12 Mo s . y' then his Ma'ty wo'd please 
setting forth his Ti- to bear y e inre in Dispute, & trive such ord r 

tie, as foil. , . . . , , , „ 

therein as to him sho d seem meet, & to induce 
his Maty to Grant such pray r , he set for his own Title in y e 
words foil., viz 1 : "That yo r Pet r & his ancest™, by Grant under 
" y e G' Seal, ever since y e y r 1672, Is & have been Prop 1 " & Prop" 
"of y e province of Maryland, &, among other things, intitled 
"to all y' p' of a Peninsula lying in y c pts. of America, between 
" y ( >cean on y e East, & Chesapeak Bay on y e West. & divided 
"from y e other p< thereof by a Right Line drawn from y c pro- 
"montory or Cape of Land, called Watkin's point, (situate in 
"y' s'd Bay, near y e River Wighoo.) on y e West unto y* Main 
"Ocean on y e East, & between y' Bound on y e South unto y' 
"p 1 of Delaware Bay on y e North, w ch Lyeth under y e 40"' De- 

"gree of Northern Lat. from ye Etpiinotial, 
De B fre°xc?u e d S es r ye " "where New England ends." By w<* Descrip'- 
Lower Countys. con y e Defts mea nt intirely to exclude y e 3 Lower 

Countys. 
And his Ma'ty, by Ord r in Council of s'd I s ' Julv. 1731, Re- 



372 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

His Maty Referd ferr'd y e Last men' 1 pet" to y e Comittee of y 
teeTr'phntaA^ privy Council for Appeals from y e plantacons, 
:^*S who, by their Orel' of .... of s'd July. 1731, 
Trade. &c. Referr'd over y same pet" to y c L ds Com le for 

Trade & plantacons. 

That as soon as Def ts had preferr'd such his pet", & obtain d 
such ord r thereon. He well knowing y l y e Compl' 3 were young 
& unacquainted w th y e old Disputes in 1683-84, & '85, 1708 & 
1709. & y' y e papers relating thereto were lost or mislaid. & in- 
tending to make g' advantage to himself thereby, apply'd to 

soon after wch v c Compl 15 , then Soil', & desired to have a meet- 
t P o et yr yr co e IU pRs PP fo? mg of ye Compl- & Def in order to Settle y* 

an agreement. & a m ' res \ n diff'ence between them. Declaring if 

meeting was had for n 

yt purpose ye 20th they could not agree he wo'd Let .... his 
form r p' fence to y e 3 Low' Count ys or p' thereof, 
whereupon y r . . . Compl 13 on y e 20 th July, 1731, (after sev 1 pre- 
vious meetings,) did meet & Treat .... w th y e Def touching 
an agreem' of their DifTences, & y e Def then produced out of 
wn Deft p duced his pocket a map of y e s'd Peninsula & p ts ad- 
thweo* d h e o W w Lln y e e jacent, & w th a Rule & pencil drew Lines on s'd 
&thereby h ieft ye^ ma P- both across & up near y c middle of s'd 
Lowr Countys to ye Pensula, to denote in w' maner he wou'd have 
Complts. . . . 

y e Bound Lines run, & p ticularly so as to leave 

intirely to y e Compl' 3 y e s'd 3 Lower countys, & he then in- 
sisted y'- his Northern Bounds for Maryland, in y e other p' s 
Complts pduced thereof, where s'd 3 Low' Countys did not ad- 
siTon 1 " y^ aP Bo & unds join sho'd extend Northw'd w th in 15 miles 
being diffent from g uth of Philad a , w ch he knew wou'd carry 

Defts p posal. ' J 

his Gen 1 North"' Bounds a consid'ble way 
into y e Main Land, farr above all y e s'd Pen'sula & Isthmus 
thereof, upon w ch y e Coinpl' s insisted y l y e Def s Oen 1 Bounds 
shou'd extend only w th in 18 or 20 miles South of Philad a , but 
y e Def refused to Consent thereto, and y e Compl ts also then 
But after much de- produced a map of s'd Pensula. & p ,s adjacent. 
proposZ&agrefto & drew Lines thereon how they propos'd y 
meet again ye 22d Bounds to be run, but y e Def wo'd not recede 

July. ' ^ 

in y e least point from w* he had propos'd. & 
gave out some menaces ag l y° Compl' 3 if they would not accept 
his offer, and, thex-eupon, after a good deal of Debate, y e 
Compl' 3 verbally agreed to Let y e Bounds run as Def then 
p'posed, and another meeting was then p'posed for y e 22d of 
that Inst. July, ag' when a short minute in writing might be 
prepared of their agreem 1 . 

That acedgly, ony e s'd 22" July, 1731, y e s'd Jno. & Tho s Penn 
met y e Deft., who then produced & read to s'd Compl 19 a paper 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 373 

of his own writing, w ch he sayd was y e notes in short of w' had 

been p'posed at y e meeting 2 days before, (w ch notes were then 

Atsd meeting, 22d many times read,) and y 1 upon y e foot thereof 
July, Deft produced _ , ■, , 3 , n , , . „ 

a paper of his own an agreem' should be drawn up between him & 

ra r ydwa S ve W notesor all ye Compl'% w<* y» Compl" agreeing to, De 

nvt pr wch Se comp e its sired ^ Deft to S ive tnen or their Soll rs y' paper 
agreeing to, Deft ord or proposal, in order to assist in drawing up y e 

his Sollr to give . \. „ 

Compits a Copy agreem', w c " Deft, at first agreed to. but after- 

thereof. A , , . 

w' ls alledging he had no Copy, gave it to his 

Soll r , w" 1 ord rs to let y e Compl 13 have a Copy thereof ; and then 
an observac'oh was made y' it wo'd be difficult closely to de- 
scribe y' Bounds in words, w li 'out a map to be annexed to y e 
agreem', to illustrate & explain y e same, w ch y e Deft., thinking 
reasonable, a Que'on arose whose map shou'd be affixed to y c 
Deti.insistsonhis agreem', when prepared, & who shou'd engrave 

own map being affixt ^ , ■ , , 

to ye agreemt wch such map, & y e Deft insisting y' it shou'd be 

Compits Complvd -, • , c „ .-, ,._ , , , -„-,. c, 

to. & ail other ye his map, (& not y L Compl'\) and y' M r Senex, 

nefts. terms. Mathematician, shou'd engrave it ; y e Compl' 8 , 

as they had before agreed to all s'd Def ts proposals, likewise 

agreed to this, 

That 3 or 4 days after s'd last meeting y e Deft 3 Soll r , acc'dg'ly 

Deliv a to y e Compl 18 or their Soll r a true but much abbreviated 

Soon after ye copy of s'd proposal so produced by v e Def at 
Defts. Sollr gave .»„„., 

Compits a copy of s d meeting, in y e words or purport foll fc , viz' : 

notes of ye agreemt, 1 st . There shall be a Circle of 12 Miles Distance 

wch is asfolls, vizt: , „ „,- ., 

drawn from Newcastle. 

"2 d The prop rs of Pensilv" shall be entitled to 15 miles south 
"of Philad a , by a West Line drawn from y e point of y e South & 
"North to y'' extent of their West Limitts, comprized in y c 
" Charter of Pensilv a . " 

"3 d There shall be a line South, drawn from y e East & West 
" Line af d ", w cl ' shall Intercut y e periph rv of y e Circle of 12 miles 
"from Newcastle, until it intercut y e parallel of an East & AVest 
" Line drawn from y e promontory or Cape called Cape Hinlopen, 
"at Rect Angles." 

"4 th The L' 1 Baltimore to quit all preten'cons to y c 3 Lower 
"Countys, known to be at present comprized w'Mn y e Limitts 
"af sd , (y' is to say, ) w th in y l 12 miles Circle of Newcastle & y e 
"North & South Line, drawn, as af d , on y e West. & y e Bay of 
" Delaware on y e East. 

5 th The Prop" of Pensilv a to quit all pretencons to any Land 
" to y e Southw d of y° Line of 15 Miles from philad a , & to y e West 
"of y e North & South Line heretofore described, & for y e Cons 
."af d , Convey to y e L d Baltimore All Right & Title they may 
"have thereunto belonging," w ch w ,h some other Clauses not 



374 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

relating to y e Bounds, but to y° quieting y e possers of y e dis- 

puted Lands. And in less than 3 weeks after s'd Copy so deliv- 

Compits immedi- ered, y e Compl ls caus'd a Dra' of Art s of Agree- 

ately causeaDrat of , , ,, , , „ . , 

ye Arts to be pre- hi t to be drawn up at full length, <& w ch , bv 
pard & Delv to Deft ,,.,., ,. ,„, h . , -,-.„. t>. 

ye itith Augt, 1731, their direc cons, was, on y" lo'" Aug, Ddl, De- 
from wch time to ye , . A . „ ^. ., , . c . ,,. „ „ 

loth May, 1732, sd hv a to y e J)ei" or his Solr, & y e same Dra 1 was 

Drat was under ye „ .", . .. „,,, - , ., _, .„ , 

Cons, of Deft. & his from v' time to y e 10 th May, 1732, under y e con- 
underwent sevi ai stant . . of y e Def & his Dep'ty Grov r of Mary- 
Deft, tlii he made land, Sam 1 Ogle, Esq r , & of Mr. Wynne, y c Deft s 
tVhi t i r o e wnmina abIe Council, & s'd Mr. Sharp & Mr. Senex & many 
others iinploy'd by y e Deft. , & during y e time 

y e Def or his Soll r Carrvd s'd Deft" Map to s'd 
The map engraved '„. _ *,itt 

by senex pd for Mr. Senex, to be engraved, who did engrave it, 
jointly between sd , . .... , „ 

ptys. & was p' 1 tor y e same jointly by y e CompP & 

Def, & s'd Mr. Senex, at y e req 1 of y e Def, gave his opin", in 
writing, of y e propriety of y e Terms, us'd in s'd Dra', and y" 
Def, while s d Dra 1 was so long under Cons. , as af d , proposed 
& Insisted on many new things not tho't of or men d before 
p'ticularly, (inter alia,) y' whereas, in his own proposal. & in 
s'd Dra'. ye IS Miles Distance from Newcastle, & y e 15 miles 
south of Philad a , were only mea d as miles in Gen 1 , they shou'd 
be express'd p'ticularly in y s'd Art" of Agreem', to be 12 & 15 
English Statute miles, w cil y° Compl' 5 agreed to. tho' they tho't 
they ought to be Geograph' miles, w ch wo'd be more for their 
benefit, and Deft, also insisted y' y e Heir at Law of s'd W m Penn, 
&y e Legatees of s'd 40,000 Acres shou'd join, or by some endorse- 
in', Consent to s'd agreem', w ch y e Compl' 3 also agreed to, and y" 
Deft. afterw ds Deliv' 1 to y e Compl ls , or their Soll r , a note in his 
own writing, y e purport whereof he insisted sho'd be inserted 
in s'd agreem", to prohibit y e people of each province Carrying 
on Com'erce in to y e Bays of Chesapeak & Delaware by means 
of any Riv r leading from one province to y e other, w ch y e Compl ts 
(tho' unwillingly) agreed to. And Deft. , at another time, In- 
sisted a Clause should be incerted in s'd agreem' y' if a suff 
Quorum of either p'tys Com™ shou'd not duly attend to run y e 
Lines, ace' ding to y e sev 1 appointm ts for y' purpose, (for want 
whereof y e samecou'd not be done, w' h in y e time limited, then 
s'd agreem' shou'd be void & y e p'ty whose Com rs shod make 
Default, shou'd forfeit & pay y e other whose Com' 8 shou'd at- 
tend, 5000£ Sterl. , on demand, & a Clause for y e purpose was 
ace'dly incerted, & sev 1 other alteracons & amendm" made in 
y e s'd Dra 1 by y e s'd Def & his advisors 'till 'twas madeintirely 
agreeable to him. And then in beginning of May, 1732, s'd 
Dra 1 was redeliv 1 to the Compl 13 Soll r . to be engrost, & 6 sev 1 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 375 

After Drat of sd pts were instantly engrost on Parchm', w" 1 y e 
^tswerelmemlte: DeF s'd map imprest in ye margin thereof, & 

mt en imp r es t U wth C 8d a11 S ' d G P ts Were dul >' executed b Y a11 sd P'tieS 

map. & executed by before sev 1 witn s , bore date y e 10th May, 1732, 

ye ptys & dated 10th ^ ' . , , 

May, 1732, & are as & were made between y e Dei 1 ot ye one p l ana 
f0ll The recitals. y e Compl', of y l other, and Recited s'd patent 
of Maryland to s'd Cecilious, & s'd patent of 
Pensilv* to y e compl ts Far r , & s'd 2 ffeoffm ts to him of y e 3 Low r 
Countys from s'd Duke, and also recited in Gren 1 y l sev 1 Dis- 
putes & Differences had arose between y e form r L d Baltimore & 
s'd W" Penn touching y e Bounds between Pensilv a & Maryland, 
& between that & y e 3 LoW Countys, but for ye final ending & 
Amicable Accomoda'con thereof, it was by s'd Art 8 , Cov'ted & 
TheCovts. agreed : 1 st . That y e s'd plan in y e margin was a 
true Copy of those sent to s'd ptys by their agents in America 
for their Guidance in Settling s'd Disputes, & by w cb y e present 
agreem' was to be explained & understood. 2 dlv , That s d Circle 
men d in s d Charter for Pensilv a & jfeoffm 1 of Newcastle shou'd be 
Drawn & Marked out at 12 English stat. Miles distance from New- 
castle. 3 ,lh \ That a due Ea^t & West line shall be drawn across 
s'd Pensula from Cape Hinlopen, lying South of Cape Corne- 
lius, upon y e Eastern side of y e s'd Peninsula tow ds y e Main 
Ocean, & at y e point of y e s'd Cape & to run tow t,s y e Western 
side of y e s'd Peninsula. w oh lay upon y° Chesapeak Bay, but to 
stop in y e exact middle of y' p" of s'd Peninsula, w ch so running 
a due East & West Course. 

4 ,hlv . \ rt from ye Westw' 1 point or end of s'd East & West Line, 
(which West w' 1 point shou'd be just half way across s'd pensula,) 
a strait Line shou'd run Northw da up s'd pensula till it touch'd 
y'' Western pt. of y e Periphery of s'd Circle, so as to make a 
Tangent thereto, & there s'd strait line to end. 5 tb . Y* at y e 
Northern point or end of s'd strait Line, a Line sho'd begin, 
& run due North above s'd Pensula, till it came into same 
Lat de as 15 English miles due south of y e m' Southern pt. of 
Philada. 6 thlT . Y' a due East & West Line shou'd be run in 
man'er foil 8 : to begin at y e Northern point or end s'd due South 
& North Line, & from thence run due West cross Sasquehania 
River to y e utm 1 Western extent of Pensilv\ (or as farr as sho'd 
at present be requisite in regard. It might be at any time con- 
tinued when further occa'con required & those pts. were better 
settled; wou'd be a needless g" expence to run y' same to y 
utm 1 Western extent of Pensilv" ; so should at p r sent be run 
only 25 English Stat, miles Westw d of Sasquehana River. ) 

7"' lv . Y' y e pt. of a Circle then drawn w" 1 red Ink on s'd plan, 
& y e other red lines thereon, shou'd serve as an explana'con to 



376 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

y* agreem', but not w' h exact certainty, as s'd plans so Sent 
over to y e s'd p'tys had neither Seals or Compass to y" 1 . 8 thly . 
That y e s'd sev 1 Lines so to be run, (& w ch , in this Article of s'd 
agreem 1 are again pticularly expressed, ) sho'd at all times for 
ever thereafter be esteemed y e true & exact Bounds between 
Maryland & s'd 3 Lower Countys between Maryland & Pensilv'. 
except only y' if s'd North Line from y e Tangent of y e Circle of 
Newcastle sho'd break in upon s'd Circle. In such case, so 
much of s'd Circle as shod be cutt off by s'd Line sho d belong 
to & be pt. of y e County of Newcastle. 

(ju.lv That y e s'd ptys shou'd resp'vely, w lh in 2 months, by 
p'per powers, appoint 7 Com rs , w ,h pow rs to any 3 or more of 
them, to run & lay out s'd Circle & Lines. w th all fairness & 
dispatch, by visible marks in maner therein directed, w ch Com rs 
sho'd give due notice to each other, & fix times to begin & pro- 
ceed there, & sho'd begin sometime in Octo r then, & finish on 
or before 2.1 th Dec r , 1733. And when so done, an exact survey 
& plan to be drawn up, & signed & sealed by y e s'd Com" & 
their principals, & entered in all publick Offices in s'd sev 1 
provinces & Countys, w lh a proviso to make void s'd Agreem' 
on y e Com" on either side not Attending at any of y e Adjourn- 
m ts ; to proceed in running & marking s'd Bounds, & thereby 
preventing y e same being done in s'd limitted time, & that, 
then, in such case, y e pty whose Com rs so make default, to for- 

5.ooo.£ pen ty on feit & pav y u other ptv, whose Com" shou'd at- 
comrs. not attend- ^^ 5i0 00£ Stex-1. , on demand. 10 th *. T« y" s'd 
Deft, did thereby Release & Quit Claim to y e 
Compl ts & their Heirs, all Title, Claim & preten'con w'soev r to 
Pensilv" & s'd 3 Lower Countys, to be so bounded as af sd , (pt. 
at least of s'd 3 Lower Countys being there say'd to be known 
to be compriz'd w th in y c Bounds men d in s'd Maryland Chart 1- )- 
And shou'd, at y e request & Cost of Compl ts & their Heirs, in 
y e m' effectual man'er, Convey & Aprove y c same, free of all 
incumbrances, to y e Compl 18 & their Heirs for ever, in such 
man'er as they or their Council shou'd advise & require. And 
y e Compl" made y e like Renunci'con to y e Deft, of Maryland, 
to be so bounded as af 8d , (pt. whereof, w" so bounded, being 
therein exprest to be apprehended to be comprizd w th in y 
Bounds men' 1 in s'd Pensilv a Charter,) w th y e like Cov' s to Con- 
vey & assure y e same, free of all Incumbrances, except as therein 
men d ). And by another Clause therein, each pty Cov ud to y° 
utmost of their pow r to assist & support y c s'd Agreem' & each 
other in their Respve Rights & pretences, by virtue thereof, 
& y e s'd Art 8 of agreem' were y l same, 10 th May, 1732, duly exe- 
cuted by s'd ptys. 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 377 

compits by sd That y e Treaty for s'd agreem' was intirely be- 

agreemt comply to s , . . „ , , -~ », „ 

aii Detts term?, but gun & carrvd on at v e instance of s'd Def, & not 
^T&fhereb/ of y e Compl", & y' there was not in s'd agreem' 
D"ftsNorfh e Bounds an ^ r one m re w ° h Y e Compl ts had insisted on yield, 
run 15 miles higher e d to bv s'd Def, or anv one thing insisted on by 

into Pensilva than ' * 

he had any rt to y e Def but w' y e Compl 15 agreed to by s'd Art", 
and p'ticularly y e Compl ta agreed y l y e Def u Gen 1 North Bounds 
in those pts where s'd 3 Lower Countys did not make his North 
Bounds sho'd not be Confined to > e 89"' Degree Compleat or to 
y e beg'ing of y e 40 1 ' 1 D., nor to some pt. of s'd Pen'sula (as by 
his Charter they were, ) but sho'd run above 40 miles higher, 
or more Northw'd 8 than y c ' 89"' D. Compleat, & above y e s'd 
Pen'sula 15 miles into y c main Continent itself, all w ch was in 
disputably Granted by s'd Pensilv* Chart 1- , & to no pt w ch y e 
Def (till s'd agreem' executed as af'd) had y e least colour of 
legal Title, so desirous were they to purchase their peace at 
any rate, & to begin to reap some benefit from their Fa rs & 
their own s'd expensive Improvem's. 
That pursuant to s'd Art 8 . y e s'd p'tys on y c 12 th May, 1732, 
On 12th May. 1732. executed each a Comi'con of like Tenor to 7 
Comsto7Comrswth Com rs , pursuant to s'd Art. 8 , & therefor Compl 1 " 
Gov's f to r anoint were Pat. Cordon, Isaac Norris, Sam. Preston, 
De b a e th. &c Ca8e ° f JaS L ogtxn. And* Hamilton, Esq", & Ja s Steel 
& Rob 1 Charles, Cents, & those for y e Def 1 were 
Sam. Ogle, Cha s Calvert, Philemon Lloyd. Mich 1 Howard, 
Rich'd Benett, Ben. Tasker, & Mat. Tilghman Ward, Esq rs , 
w Ih a p'viso in case of y e death, sickness, or other unavoidable 
disability or absence of any of y e Com 1-8 , y e Dep'ty Gov™ of each 
resp've province to appoint others in their room. 
20th MayMrThos That on 20 th May, 1732, y" Compl 1 Tho. Penn 

Penn sails for Pen- iiiji-rt-ioo n, . 

siiva & takes wth embarked for Pensilv*. & soon after arrived 
& by s < a , Te P sh S i P C De , it there, where he has remain'd ever since. & 
sends his & each lpt Carryd w"' him s'd Comi'con from v e Compl 15 . 

or s d Arts, & soon J . i • 

after Deft, arrives in & one orig 1 pt. of s'd Art 8 & y e Deft, sent by 

same ship to his Depty Gov r in Maryland his 
s'd Com 11 & 1 orig 1 pt. of s'd Art 8 . & soon after arriv'd there 
himself, & the Compl ts had g' reason to expect y' y c s'd Agreem 1 
so obtained by y e Deft, upon his own terms, & So much for his 
benefit wou'd have been Carry'd into execu'con w th some of y 1 
fairnes & dispatch so Cov' e '' for. 

Defts. comrs & But on y e contrary y e Deft. (Combining w" 
others De1ng°p oss'ed divers p'sons, &c. , ) & by his direc'con & privity 
unde® e y n eDefts a wch a11 hi * s ' (1 Comrs ( who > 7e Compl' 8 Charge were all 
they expected to lay poss'ed of Gen 1 Grants from y e Deft, for large 

out in Pensilva. &S * 

Lowr Countys, pr- Tracts of Land not Located or specify'd where 

vailed on Deft, to 

endeavor to avoid they lay, but were expected to be laid out on 

tuning sd Lines ac- " ■ _ 

odingto sd Arts. some good Lands in Pensilv" or sd 6 bow 



378 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

Countys, but were prevented by s'd Art 8 ,) have used all im- 
aginable arts to frustrate & evade y c s'd Art 8 & prevent y e mark- 
ing out y e Lines & Bounds pursuant thereto. & y e better to in- 
duce y e Deft, to fly from s'd agreem 1 , his s'd Com rs & others 
& offer to raise & poss'ed of like Grants offer 'd to raise & pay all 
pays'dpenty. m . mogt of B>d pen > ty of 5000£ as was publickly 

discours'd in Maryland & in Annapolis, y e Chief Town, & y° 

& contrive this me- Deft, thereupon grew desirous to oblige such his 
mod for yt purpose. Grantees? & Consulted w"' them how to avoid 
Running s'd Lines & at same time avoid incurring s'd pen'ty, 
& at length a method as was apprehended was found out. 
viz 1 : y 1 Deft 8 s'd Cora™ sho'd by all possible means Clog & de- 
lay y e s'd Affair & at last sho'd seem to differ in Judgem 1 in 
some material point ab l run'ing s'd Bounds, & resolutely ad- 
here thereto, & so spin out y e s'd limitted time for run'ing s'd 
Lines w ch was acc'd'ly put in practice as hereafter set forth. 

Comrs 1st meeting That by Appointm' 6 Com" on each side met 

NewtowTin'Ma'ry* Y e 6 th Octo r , 1732, at Newtown, in Maryland, but 

i ? cons & readyeCom " did little or nothing, and on y e 7 th met there 

again & read both Comicons, & Sam' Ogle, y e 

Defts Comrs object Deft ts 1 st named Com' & L' Gov', of Maryland 
cons C ° mplt8 C ° mi " objected to y e Compl ts Comicon, (tho' same w l " 
Deft 8 , ) because y e Legatees of y e 40,000 Acres de- 
vis'd by s'd W. Penn's Will, (who had by an endorsement only 
Consented to s'd Art 8 , & were not made ptys thereto,) had not 
joined in Granting y e Compl ,s s'd Comi'con, & tho' it was then 
shown y' y e s'd Agreem 1 expressed y l y e Compl'" only shou'd 
Grant y e Comi'con, yet Deft 8 Com", & pticularly s'd Ogle, De- 
clared themselves not satisfy'd therew"', & after debating y l 
objec'con a considerable time, 'twas agreed by s'd Com" on each 

Agree yt 1st work side, y l y e 1 st p l of y e work directed to be done by 
c?e b a e b <1 t°Ne e w W ca S 8 ti C e ir " them was relateing to y e Circle ab' Newcastle, 
& y e Com.pl' 8 Cora rs then Declared themselves 
ready to proceed thereon, & y l they had bro' Survey" & Artists 
for y l purpose, but s'd Ogle, pretending their principal Artist 
was sick, & y' y e Maryland Coin" were engaged in y L publick 
B s of the province, desired the Com" might not do anything 
or meet again 'till y e 30"' of s'd ()cto r , to w 1 ' 1 y e Compl ts Com" 
agreed, (tho' unwillingly,) but first insisted y' a minutes shod 
be taken of y l meeting & Adjournm 1 , & y' Clerks sho'd be ap- 
o Complts Comrs de- pointed (accding to y e usage in all Comi'cons) 
fSed k8 by C De/tB to take minutes of all their proceedings. By 

Comrs who, after yC Maryland Com" opposed & refused it, & thei 

much debate. Con- J J ^^ 

sent to a Comr on ye Compl" desired a Com r on each side mighl 

each side taking ' r . 

short minutes of ye take y e minutes and Interchange them, & y' 

some notice sho'd be taken of y' meeting & 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 37ft 

Adjournm', w cl1 Deft" Com" objected to, but at .ength Con- 
sented y' a short memdin thereof sho'd be prepared by a Com' 
on each side, & a Copy thereof left w"- each side, w ob was all y' 
y e Coinpl ts Coinrs eou'd obtain, &■ w ch memd'm only contain'' I a 
Adjourn to Now- note of v L ' Coin" meeting (& their names) on y e 
castle for 30th Octor. g lh & ?th ^^ ^ & reading S(1 A rC & Com- 

icons, & Adjourning to meet at Newcastle, on ye 30"' Octo r , 
then Ins", in order to proceed to make out > e Circle in s'd 
agreem' men d . 

And on s'd 30"' Octo r , 1732, a Quorum of y e Com" on each side 
met at Newcastle, & continued together till 2d Nov', in order 
to proceed (asy e Compl ts hoped) to mark out s'd Circle, but s'd 
Ogle insisted y' as in s'd Agreem 1 y e Circle is sayd to be that in 
y e Chart r lor Pensilv a , & s'd ffeoffm', from ye Duke of York, it 

Defts comrs insist was necessary they should see them (tho y e 

on seeing Chartr for ,, e ., , . . , 

pensilva & feoffuit necessary pts thereof were recited in stl agree- 

for Newcastle. m ij conceiving they were in C Britain, & y l y e 

winter (w u y e leaves were off y e Trees & y e work might best be 
done) might be spent in sending for them, & Compl'* Coin' 8 
were forced to semi up to Philad" for s'd Chart r & an Exempli- 
fica'con of s'd ffeoffm' from y e Records of New York, & next 
morn produced y e same to y e Def ts Com' 8 , who, rinding y e same 
to agree w Ih y e Recitals thereof in s'd Art s , insisted on & had 
Copys of y e Descriptive pts thereof, & then it was proposed by 
Compl' 8 Com" that a place shou'd be agreed on for beginning 
to run y c 12 miles Distance, but y e Def' s Com'-, after getting 

Defts comrs say time (by an ad journm' to y e afternoon) to Con- 
to^unsdCiroleaM aider further of it, then Declared they ques- 
noce^e'ragre^don 6 tioned their pow' to run s'd Circle, for as there 
cou'd be no Circle w ,h out a Center, & it was 
nowhere directed by s'd Art 8 or Com", they conceived had no 
pow r to make one, To w ch y e Oompl ts Com"answer'd y'y e Com" 
being Impower'd to execute y e Agreem' had consequently 
pow r to do all things necessary thereto, & y 1 y e s'd last Ad- 
journm' was in order to proceed to mark out y e Circle, & y e 

Sevi argumts Art e enjoyiid y e begining y e B s sometime in Oc- 
thereon to r , & 'twas then afternoon of the last day of 

Octo\ & y e Def" Com rs Declared they had begun, but were at 
at a loss how to proceed, & must further advise on it, but 
Compl' 8 Com' 5 Declaring 'emselves fully Impower'd to do all 
things necessary to y c full execu'con of their Com", desired if 
y e Defts Com' s must Consider y 1 to save time y e Surveyors 
might be sent to measure y' Town, but Deft 3 Com" did not con- 
sent to it, but proposed y l y e Com" sho'd walk ab' & view y e 
Town,w eh was done,& an Adjournm 1 made to next morn ; And in 



380 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

y e morn, on l sl Nov r , .... of y' (Join'" on each side met, & s'd 
Ogle Declared y p Defts Com" had advised both w ,h Survey" & 
Mathemat'", who were satisfyd y l , as y e Center for y e Circle was 
not directed by y e Art' or Com", the Coin" had no pow r to 
make one, but as Deft soon was expected in Maryland they, his 
Coin", wo (1 apply to him, & if he wod direct them to find a Cen- 
ter they Avo'd obey, and y e Compl 18 Com" observed thereon y'y* 
prop", on both [>ts had made a full & clear agreem 1 , & given pow r 
to their Com™ to execute it, & had affixed thereto a printed Bra 1 
of if Work to direct them in case of any Difficulty, y l y e Town of 
Newcastle was fairly markt out in if Draft, w lh y e Central points 
in y middle of it, on w ch y e Circle in y r Bra* zoas drawn, d- y' it 
was easy to find y e Center as it was there pointed out, but y e s'd 
Ogle still insisted y l y e Def 1 Com" had no pow r to fix any 
Center, wherefore must first take y' Deft s further direccons, & 
for y l end desired an Adjournm 1 , & at y meeting of y e Com" 
again in y c afternoon, y e Compl ls Com" declared y' y e proposal 
of an Adjournm 1 was unexpected, & desired y' minutes might 
be taken of w l had past, but y e Maryland Com" insisted y 1 all 
minutes were unnecessary further than to enter y e meetings & 

Defts Comrs p'pose Adjournm ,s , & proposed an Adjour 1 for 3 Mo s , 
mo^ramot'utae *"**" to meet at Newcastle, w c " y e Compl' 8 Com" 
Defts wl" ""expected took time to consider of till next morn, & then 
in Maryland. v (Join" on both sides meeting again y e Compl" 

Com" deliv' 1 an Answ r in writing to y v Deft 1 Com" proposal of 
such an Adjournm', wherein they insisted on their full pow" 
to execute s'd Art 1 ', but declared y 1 reason .... assign 'd for y' 
Adjournm 1 was y l expectation of y e Defts speedy arrival, & his 
Com" desire of further consulting him, & in regard to y e Deft 

Compits Comrs & his Honour, they agreed to y e Adjour' for I s ' 
KCTtTe^ Febry ensuing, at Newcastle, but before they 
castle - parted y u Compl" Com" produced & read to 

Hefts Com" y e minutes w ch they had taken, & askt y e Deft 1 
Com" if they had any objec'coo to y e truth of them, to w ch s'd 
Ogle reply d he had nothing to say to any minutes y e Compl 18 
Com" sho'd take, & then y e Deft 1 Com" read a short minute to 
y effect foll g , y 1 in pursuance to y e form 1 Adjour d , y l Com" had 
met at Newcastle to run y e Circle, & y 1 Difficulty's having arisen 
touching y e same, they had adjourn d to 1 st ffebry, w ch minute 

Debate abt their was objected to as neither specifying w 1 y e Diffi- 
culties were, nor on whose pt. started, and s'd 
Ogle then produced a paper of notes taken by himself y* y e 
Compl ts Com" had argued y» y e Charter & Deed for Pensilv" & 
Newcastle, being recited in y u agreem 1 , y e prop" on both sides 
were hound by s'd recitals, whether true or false, to w ch y e 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 381 

Compl' 3 Com rs objected, y' no such words had been used by any 
of y"', & s'd Ogle reply'd, y' tho' no such words were used, yet 
he apprehended they were consequential to w l had been say'd, 
& then put uj> his paper w"'out offering any other minute, or 
any amendm" of y' he had so p'duced on y e objec'con made by 
y° Compl" Com rs & allow'd by himself. 
That soon after, viz" : ab' y e . . .of same month of Nov r , y e 
Deft, arrives in Deft, arriv'd in Maryland, & continued there for 

Maryland ye . . . of r , , „ h ,. i y-. , . , ., 

Novr. &contd there 5 or six mo\ during w" time he Contrived <& 
$rtL e M?' Comr° B lv to had man y Conferences w tb his s'd Com"& others 
A V rts d executing sd how to evade s'd Art , & how to avoid s'd 
5,000£ forfeiture, & many proposals & encour- 
agem u were offer 'd him by his s'd Com rs & others, if he wou'd 
Consent to defeat y e execu'con of s'd Art 3 , w oh he at last Con- 
sented to, & directed his Com 1 '" to do all in their pow r to avoid 
executing s'd Art 9 . 

That after Deft s s'd Arrival in Maryland, & his s'd Com rs had 
Consulted him touching y e pretended Difficulty's they had so 
started in Octo' & Nov' before, Quorums of y Com rs on each 

lstFebry, 1732, ye side met. pursuant to y 1 ' last Adjour 1 , at New- 

Comrs meet at New- ,, „ .,_. ™ , , -,-,.-,.-. B . . 

castle. &revive their castle, mi y' l~ rtebr y, 1732, & appointed to 

ye r c]rcfe rgUmtS abt enter on B 3 next morn. , when y Com" being 
met, y e s'd Ogle Declared y' y e B s before ye 
Com" was y Circle of 12 miles ab' Newcastle, & y< he had, at 
y e form 1 " meeting, offer 'd some argum ts to show y' no Center 
being fix'd y e Com rs had no pow r to make one, & wo'd be glad 
to know w' y e Complts. Oom rs cou'd say to y' point, who there- 
upon reminded him y' they had before fully answer'd y' objec'- 
con, & had Consented to y l long Adjourn' only to gratify y° 
Deft' Com rs in their desire of Consulting y e Deft., who, being 
arriv'd, it might now be hoped his Com" were come fully In- 
structed as to y e fixing a Center, whereupon y e s'd Ogle De- 
ft then oaie De- clared (quite y e reverse to his former Argum' s ) 
Clares Deft, wo'd , ,. T -. f ,„ , e ii i\ i . i i ■ 

not interfere but > rt > Deft" having fully Delegated his pow rB to 

hucSmrs Wh °" y t0 his Comrs - had left *t to them to execute y " 
agreem 1 in such man'er as they shou'd con- 
ceive themselves warranted to do by their Com", & y' y e Deft, 
wo'd not Interfere therein, w ck , if true, ax pretended by s'd Ogle, 
was either a wilful refusal of Deft" s'd Com' 8 to fix y e s'd Ceti.fr/ 
& Circle, if they had power, or if they had not pow r , was a wilful 
breach of s'd Art' ony e pt. of s'd Deft, himself, who, ace' ding to s'd 
A s , ought to hate given his Com" full pow' ', d- to have Interfered 
therein; and y e Compl' 3 Conv s thereupon Declared to s'd Ogle y' 
this Declara'con of his was no other than might be expected 
from y e former Conduct of y e Defts. Com rs , but y' y- Compl'" 



382 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

Com" were still of their form r opinion, y' y e Com rs had full pow r 

to fix a Center, arid if Defts. Com rs tho't otherwise, they ought, 

& y e Compl' 8 Coui rs pressing them to Declare it explicitly, y s'd 

Ogle sayd y l tho' they (y e Deft 1 Com rs ) were not fully satisfy d 

they had any pow r to fix a Center, yet he wo'd wave y' point for 

y e present, & talk a little ab' y u Circle, & askt y u Compl 18 Com 18 

w' they apprehended to be y' meaning of y e Circle of 12 miles ab' 

Newcastle, and said, y 1 for his p\ he tho't it plain, from y e 

Ogle insists ye Cir- words of y c ffeoffmt, to Mr. Penn. y* y e s'd Cir- 
cle to be only a Oir- i ■ , . , / , . , , T ~.. 

cumference of 12 c * e cou ( ' n °t be Construed to mean a Diam- 

DiameSofllmnes, eter of ~ 4 miles > Y* he wa « P rett y much » 
ye argumts thereon. Strang' to things of y l kind, but cou'd not be- 
lieve it to mean other than a Circumference of 12 miles, or, at 
most, a Diameter of 12 miles, whereto y e Compl ts Com" an 
swered, y l such an Interpreta 'con cou'd never be admitted, since, 
by y e Grant of Pensilv" & s' d ffeoffm', & both y e prop™ construe' - 
con s thereof, it was evident y l y e Circle ivas to be 12 miles distant 
from y e Town of Newcastle ; but y e Deft' Com rs reply'd y l y e 
words in y e agreem' & Comi'cons relating to y e Circle, being 
either sup'fluous or contradictory to those describing it in y' 
ffeoffm', were in y'"selves void : whereto y° Compl' 6 Com rs an- 
swer'd y\ as y c Art 1 ' agreed on by y e propriet rs were in such 
clear terms as left no room for dispute, so they were then fully 
p' pared to do w' their Comi'cons enjoyned them, but not to 
find fault w"' w' their principalis had concluded on ; That y e 
principals on both sides had so clearly prescribed y e man'er of 
Drawing & Marking out ye Circle as remo'd all occasion for 
doubt, by expressly agreeing y l y e Circle men d in y e Pensilv 11 
('barter & ffeoffm 1 for Newcastle (or so much as sho'd be re- 
quisite,) shou'd be niarkt out at y e distance of 12 English stat- 
ute miles from Newcastle Town, & ye Deft 1 Com rs proposed y' 
Artists sho'd give their Opinion touching s'd Circle, and then 
y e Conference was Adjourn'd to afternoon of s'd 2' 1 fi'eb rv , when 
y e Com rs met again, & y e Compl ts Com™ desired those for Mary- 
land to put in writing w' they wo'd have Artists Consulted on, 
w ch they declined ; then Compl ta Com' 8 again insisted y l Clerks 
might be appointed to take minutes, w cU wo'd p r vent misunder- 
standings, & then, hereafter, all y e Transaccons at y e sev' meet- 
ing; but Defts. Com" refused it, & then Compl 15 Com rs urged 
y' y e objee'eons to y e Dimen'cons of y e Circle shou'd be stated in 
writing; but s'd Ogle p'sisted it was needless, Declaring y e 
Que on was plainly thus : what was meant by y e Circle men' in 
y e Deed of ffeoffm'? y e Compl ts Com' 8 thereupon observed y l y e 
Que'on was not truly stated ; for y' y e Direc'cons in y e Comi'- 
cons was to run y e Circle men' 1 in y e Chart' for Pensilv® & Deed 



BOUNDARY QUKSTION. 383 

of ffeoffm 1 , but not y' in y° ffeoffm 1 only, & therefore, if they 
were to be recurr'd to at all, y e Chart r & Deed sho'd both be 
taken together, but y l they conceived there was not y e least 
occa'son to look further than their Comi'cons; however, at 
last s'd Ogle gave in hisque'on in y e foil, words: "What Circle 
"is understood by these words, (viz 1 ,) enfeoff & Confirm unto 
"y e s'd W. m Penn, his heirs & Ass. for ever, all y l y e Town of 
"Newcastle, otherwise called Delaware, & all y l Tract of Land 
"lying w th in in y e Compass or Circle of 12 miles ab l ye same." 
Upon w ch ye Com rs p'ted, & agreed to meet next morn, (some 
naming to others It o'clock,) & to bring Artists on both sides, 
to hear opinions touching y e Circle ; and next morn, ab' 11 
o'clock, a Quorum of y e Compl" Com". viz 1 : s'd Isaac Norris, Sam. 
Preston, & Ja s Steel, meet a Quorum of y e Deft 1 Com" at y e 
Courthouse, in Newcastle, & as y e Compl ts Com rs p'ceived y 
Drift of y e Deft 3 Com' 8 , in refusing Clerks & admitting a Com 1 
on each side to take minutes of y e p'ceedings, & had before 
taken private notes (w dl , either by accident or design, were 
false) of w l had passed, so they apprehended they cou'd not be 
too careful to prevent more mistakes; & therefore, as Deft* 
Com rs seein'd to insist so much on their doubt ab l y e dimen- 
sions of s'd Circle, some others of y c Compl ts Com", besides 
those 3 who were at y e Courthouse, were preparing, in a House 
near y e Courthouse, y u Observa'cons & answer, in writing, of 
y° Compl ts Com", touching s'd Circle 5 to be Deliv'd to Deft* 
Com", to avoid misrepresenta'cons, & y e same being long, & it 
was necessary to keep a Copy, it took up some time, during 
w cl ' time the s'd Norris, preston, & Steel met, & were, w th a 
Quorum of y e Deft 3 Com", in s'd Courthouse ; but y e rest of y e 
Compl 13 Com", who were transcribing s'd observa'cons, want- 
ing a paper w ob s'd Steel had, they sent to him for such paper, & 
he, thereupon, went from of y e Room, where s'd Com", on each 
side, were sat, as af d , to his Lodgings, not . . . . y ds off, and at 
same time s'd Norris stept out of y e Room, & desired s'd Steel 
to hasten in y e other Com", who were to bring in s'd observa'- 
cons, but s'd Norris imediately returned into y° Com" Room, 
& in a few minutes after. y e s'd Steel & 2 others of Compl ls 
Com" going up to their Brethren & Defts. , s'd Com" in s'd 
Courtho. met s'd Norris & preston comeing down, in regard 
Mr Ogietakesad- s'd Ogle, (for whom & his Bro r Com" for Mary- 
pftsCom?s. stepping land & Compl ta Com" had, at many former 
i-etcfapIpevTwas meetings, & pticularly but y day before. 
yemleting breakS "" waited an nour or 2 or more after time of ad- 
journal',) had taken advantage of y e short In- 
terval in w ch s'd Steel was call'd out of y e Room, as af d . & he. 
y' s'd Ogle & his Bro r Com", (tho' it then wanted near half an 



384 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

hour of 12 o'clock at noon.) departed to their Lodgings, tho' 
much entreated to stay, p'ticularly by s'd preston, whereupon 
1 of y e Compl ls Com", In p'sence of sev 1 p'sons, waited on s'd 
Ogle & 3 others of Deft s Com rs , & Let them know y e surprize 
of y e Compl ts Com rs were in, & y' they were then ready to meet, 
& y' a good deal of B s might still be done before Din'er, & y' 
they had but y e day before waited a full hour for them, Deft s 
Com' 5 , but s'd Ogle declared ag l meeting, & y l if, by any failure 
•in meeting, ye Deft had gain'd any advantage, he cou'd not 
.give it up, & (tho' much pressed) refused to meet, 

That next day y e Com rs on both sides Dined together at New- 
castle, & after Din'er a Quorum of pl' s Com rs waited on a full 
Quorum of y e Deft 8 viz 1 s'd Ogle & Calvert, & Mr. Jeningsap- 
' & tho. pites comrs pointed bv y e Deft, in y e room of another Coin' 
•nem 'comers se wlh pretended to be sick & told them y l they had 
sevi notices to meet put their tho'ts in writing under y e hands of 5 

again they wo d not, *■ . 

but went away for of y m , in answer to y e objec' con started y e night 
Maryland. before by y e Deft 3 Com", & deliv' 1 a Copy to s'd 

Ogle who look'd over some p'ts of it, & Compl ,s Coin' s thereby 
declared themselves ready to proceed to y e marking out of s'd 
Circle, & desir'd Defts s'd Coin'Ho meet y m at s'd Courtho. , or 
such other place as they pleas'd, but s'd Ogle declared as he- 
fore agt. any other meeting, & y* if any advantage had arisen 
he cou'd not answ' to y e Deft, not to lay hold of it, & then pl ta 
Com' s serv'd Defts s'd Coin" 1 w" 1 sum'ons to meet y l even., at <> 
in s'd Courtho., an 1 y c Compl ls Com rs acc'dly met, & waited at 
s'd Courtho. from (! till past 8 y l even., but none of Deft 1 Com rs 
came or sent, tho' in y e Town, & being determin'd to leave 
Deft s Com rs w"'out excuse did y e same even. ab l 9 o'clock p'son- 
ally serve a Quorum of Deft s s'd Coin' 3 w th a notice to proceed 
on said Comi'con on monday morn., then next being 5"' ffeb rv . 
1732. at s'd Courtho. , & Compl ,s acc'dly then attended at s'd 
Courtho. a consid'ble time. & stay'd all y' & p' of next day at 
Newcastle, but all Deft s Com rs went on Sunday before to Mary- 
land. 

That Deft s s'd Com", acquainting him. on their return into 
Maryland, of their Behaviour, asaf, he, on y e 15 th same ffeb \ 

Deft writes to Mr. sent a L're to s'd Pat. Gordon p'tending therein 
iv% d °i"retending tf to y* at form' meetings y e Com rs had used to meet at 
ur^'in'pteVco^rs 10 in y e morn. , & y< tho' y 1 ' Compl ,s Com' s had 

attendance, but wth me f on s'd 3 d ffeb rv , yet v ! one of y m (ineaning 
a view to have ye * • J = 

meetings revived. sd Steel who was sent for a paper as af.) had 

left y" Company at y e Instant y e Deft a Com rs desired to proceed 
on B s , & therein magnifys y l fact very much, but waves y ad- 
vantage he pretended he might take of s'd ffaihire, & appoints 
a meeting of y e Com", to be at Joppa, in Maryland, on 1" :\I<>n- 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 385 

day in May, w ch L're ye Compl' s charge was all a piece of 
banter & ridicule, & y l he had no po\v r to appoint any meeting, 
(his pow r being given to his Com rs ,) nor did he intend ye Com 1 ' 3 
should meet there, w ch vvo'd be a vain thing, as y 1 st point to 
be fixt was y e Center in Newcastle Town. & Joppa was 70 miles 
from it, & a poor Village, w th out any Accomoda'cons, & y e 
truth was, y e Deft 3 being conscious how unfairly his Com' 3 had 
acted, wrote s'd L're w lh a view to accept of notice from y e 
Compl' 3 Com" to revive y e meetings, least (as he then declared 
to sev') he himself should incur s'd 5,000£ fforfeiture. 

That after so many wilful] & obstinate failures on y e p l of 
Deft s s'd Com", all y e Compl' 3 Com rs , in order to leave s'd Deft. 

pites comrs serve (who was then in Maryland) w Ul out excuse, did, 

a notice on Defts r>oth i\r ir»oo ■ 1 • r-\ r- 

Comrs to meet at on 28 th May, 1733, sign a note to his Com" r^- 
AprT & le t'he 5 y e send capitulating s'd p'ceedings of 3' 1 ffeb rr . Declar- 

pits comrs a cross \ n g they wo'd attend at Newcastle, (w ch had 
notice for Joppa, ye 

7th May. been before acknowledge! by all y e Com" to be 

y l only p' per place for beginning y e B\) on y e l(5' h April then 
next, w ch was p'sonally serv'd on Deft s Com rs . who sent a cross 
notice to meet at Joppa, 7 th May, & y e Compl' 3 Com" attended 
all 16" 1 April, at Newcastle, pursuant to their own s'd notice, 
but none of Deft 3 Com" were there. 
That on s'd 7"' May, 1733, 5 of Compl' 3 Com", at g' Inconveni- 
The meeting at ence. met a Quorum of Deft's Com" at Joppa, 

Joppa, 7th May. & s - (1 Q g j e hegun w tb say i ng yt w t hft( j past at 

last meeting at Newcastle was ab' y e Circle, & y* they were then 
met to treat of & learn each others sentim' 3 ab' it, & askt 
Compl' 3 Com" if they wo'd run any other Circle than y' at 12 
miles distance from Newcastle, &, after some debate, y e Com" 
averred y l y e Que'on sho'd be put in writing, & was deliv d in, 
signed by 1 of Deft s Com", to w cb Compl' 3 Com" gave in an 
answer, sign'd by one of y m , stating y e words of s'd Art 3 relating 
to s'd Circle, & y l they were ready to run out s'd Circle acc'd- 
ing to s'd Art s , & did not conceive they ought to run any other. 
To w ch Ogle say'd he & his Breth rn wo'd take time to consider 
The comrs renew ^i & they adj' 1 to next morn, and then meeting 
their argumtsabt ye again s'd Ogle say'd he did not .... under- 
stand s'd answer, & y l his & Compl' 3 Com™ 
sentim 13 seemed to differ much ab' s'd Circle. To w ch Compl 1, 
Com" answer'd y l y e direc'cons in s'd Art 3 were so plain y' they 
cou'd not be easily mistaken, and Deft 3 Com" insisted y l y e 
Circle in y e ffeoffmt of Newcastle was y e Circle directed to be 
run, & by s'd Deed it was evident y e same was not a Circle of 
24 miles Diam'ter, & therefore y'' direc'cons in s'd Art s to run 
y c same at 12 miles distance from Newcastle were repugnant to 
25-Vol. VII. 



386 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

y' Deed, & void in emselves, & being askt w l they conceived to 
y e dimensions of y e Circle men' 1 in s'd Deed, answered y* it did 
mean no other than a Circle whose Circumference was 12 miles, 
and Compl ,s Com rs answered y l both in y e Pensilv 8 Charter & 2 
Deeds from Duke of York y e Circle was plainly to be a Circle of 
12 miles distance from Newcastle, & y l K. Cha s and s'd Duke 
so understood them, & y e com 'on accepta'con of y e words wo'd 
construe them, & y' admitting y c least doubt oou'd be raised' on 
it, yet y e prop" on both sides, having an absolute right to de- 
termine it, they had fully settled y* point by directing the 
Circle to be run at y e distance of 12 miles from Newcastle, & 
Defts Com" reply'd they cod not believe it was y e inten'con of 
y e prop rs to deviate from y e descrip'con of y e Circle men' 1 in s'd 
ffeoffment. To w ch Compl ls Com" answ r y' ye Art 5 was no de- 
via'con, for y' Circle being always understood to be a Circle of 
12 miles Radius, y e prop™ had accd'ly declared it to be of y' di- 
men'cons, & y' it was difficult to accot whyy e Corn 1 "" shod find 
fault w th w l prop™ had done, or p'tend to understand it better 
than y"'. To w ch s'd Ogle say'd it was y e fault of y e Draw" <>f 
y e Agreem', & y l y e prop™ cou'd mean no other Circle than y' 
men d in y e ffeoffm'. whereas y e Compl ts Charge y' Def", in his 
own p'posals previous to s'd Art s , had twice plainly exprest y* 
y e Circle sho'd be 12 miles distant from Newcastle, & so it was 
always understood by all concerned in settleing s'd Art 8 , and 
Ogle drops ye de- then s'd Ogle, leaving this 1 st m're (w ch was to 

bate abt ye Circle & ni-is^i ij. i j 

proposes ye Comrs govern y e whole) thus undetermined, proposed 

Cape Hiniopen to Y l Y* Coin" sho'd proceed to Cape Hinlopen, at 

run ye East & west bottom of all s'd 3 Low r Countys, & try if they 

co'd not better agree on y° execucon of y* pt. 

of v c Art 8 w ch directed a Line to be drawn from thence across 

y e Pensula, whereupon y e Compl ta Com" drew out, & sign'd & 

delivered to y e Def' 8 Com" a req", dated at Joppa, s'd 8 th May, 

to join in drawing & marking out s'd Circle at 12 miles distance 

from Newcastle Town, as by s'd Art 8 was agreed & directed, & 

then to p'ceed to y e other Lines, & y' if Def ts Com" refused to 

so do y' they wo'd satisfy Compl 18 Com" why they wo'd not. and 

on same 8 th May 4 of Deft 8 Com" signed & del d a writing to 

pits comrs psist Compl' 8 Com" insisting y l y e Agreem 1 meant no 

n n in K e ye re circTe r aSt other Circle but y 4 men 4 in s'd ffeoffm', w ch they 

Newcastle, as first say ' ( i they had not refused to mark out, & de- 

to be done. -' J 

sired Compl' 8 Com" to join in Drawing out, and 
then Com" Adj d to afternoon, when, being met y e Deft 8 Com™, 
Deliv' 1 to Compl 18 Com" another signed proposal to run out a 
Circle, whose Circumference sho'd be 12 milas abt Newcastle, 
w ch Compl' 8 Com" answ r same by Insisting y' was not y e Circle 
they were directed to run by s'd Art 8 , but one whose Radius 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 387 

(not Circumference) was 12 miles, which only they conceived 
emselves warranted, & then offer' d to do, and an Adj* being 
then propos'd by s'd Ogle, who ptended to be engaged to wait 
on his prop r on a visit to y e Grov r of New York, y e Compl ta Com" 
(after expostulating w' h Deft 3 Com rs for Dragging them to 
Joppa, so farr distant from y e B s , & destitute of all accom'oda- 
cons, & doing nothing but repeating their so often answ a ob- 
jec'cons, & then moving to Adjourn) did agree to adjourn, but 
y e night was so farr spent in debate y l a minute of Adj' co'd not 
be settled till next day, w n both sides met, & an minute of Ad- 
journ 1 was agreed to for meeting at Philad a , on 21 st May then 
Inst., under a p'viso y' Deft 8 Com rs sho'd not be stay'd above 
1 day from ret'g home, & y l next Adj' sho'd be to Newcastle 
for 18 th June then foll'g, but on Com rs Meeting at Philad a , y e 
Deft 8 Com™ pretending y' y e Deft was very soon to return ^o 
England, & y' some of his Com" were oblig'd to attend him to 
Virg a , it wo'd be inconvenient for y m to meet on s'd 18" 1 June, 
Adjourn to 3d septr & proposed & Compl' 3 Com" (so candid were 
at Newcastle. they thrQ , yC whole p ' C eedings) agreed to Ad- 

journ to 3 d Sept 1 , at Newcastle. 
That on s'd 3 d 7 ber . 1733, Quorums of y e Com" on each side met at 
They meet at New- Newcastle, & Compl' 3 Com" propos'd to proceed, 

castle, 3d Sept. -. -„ . _, _ . 

and Def ,s Com" desired y< w' was propos'd sho'd 

be reduc'd into writing, & then Adj' 1 to afternoon, when y e met 

again, & Compl' 8 d'd to Def' 8 Com" a written pap., acquainting 

y m y' Compl' 8 Com" were ready, w th their Artists, to p'ceed to 

pits comrs pro- run out s'd Circle men" in s'd Charter & Deed 

pose to run ye Circle , _ -.. , <• w~ ., - -»-r 

of 12 miles distance at y e distance of 12 miles from Newcastle, & y' 

from Newcastle. asy » p t of y e time fo] . executing g > d Aft , was 

elapsed w' h out any progress made, they, therefore, earnestly 
prest Deft 8 Com" to join in y e Work, y' no more time might be 
lost, & then Com" Adj d to next day, when they met, & Defts. 
Com" d'd to Compl' 8 Com" a paper, in writing, again insisting 
y' y e Circle to be run (as Matheinatns had convinced them) was 
no other than a Circle whose Circumference was 12 miles, & 
diam'tersomew' less than 4, w ch they were ready to run, & 
Compl' 8 Com" desiring to see y' opin u of Mathemat" 8 , had a 
short Query & answ r , d'd to 'em, w' h names of Hugh Jones & 
W" Ramsey thereunder, upon y e words of s'd ffeoffm' only, 
Defts comrs pro- Thai they understood y e Term Circle in s'd 

duce an opinion of 2 «. «. „, . ' .-*,. * ■ „, 

ptended Mathe- neoftm 3 ' to mean a Circumf ence, or Area, & as 
matn oJy y to "ne !! there exprest, to be limited to a Circumference, 



was 

miles Circumfer- 
ence. 



or Periphery, there call'd Compass, ab l y e Di- 
ameter of w c " Circle, or Compass, ab' (as they 
apprehended) was somewhat less than 4 miles, w ch Compl' 8 
Charge was not a fair Qu'con put to s'd 2 p'sons, nor were they 



388 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

indrff'ent p'sons, but Depend 18 on s'd Def\ & Compl ls Corn rs 

made some verbal remarks thereon, & then y e Com" Adj d to 

afternoon; and meeting then again, ye Compl ts Com rs de'd to 

Renew their argu- y e Deft 8 Com 1 ' 8 their written reasons why this 

ratsabt ve Circle, & ,-, , , • i . » n . j „ t ^ • c 

insist upon their for- Que on did not fall under y L Cognizance of 

mer opinions. Mathemat 8 , then Com rs A dj' 1 to next morn. And 

on 5 th ? ber , y e Com rs being again met, y e Deft 8 Com rs return'd 
their written answ r y l they were not satisfyd w"' y e Reasons 
offer'd by Compl' 8 Com rs , but insisted on their own form r 
opinion as to y e Circle, & then A dj d to afternoon. & (after a 
little discourse in y e afternoon) to next morn. On y e 6"' 7 ber , 
Com™ met again, & Compl 18 Coin rs del' 1 a sign'd paper insisting 
on y e Circle, as they had before insisted, & requested y e Deft 8 
Com rs to join in running such a Circle, or directly Declare they 
wo'd not & Deft 8 Com 18 del d to y e Compl' 8 Com rs a written Que'on 
whether they wo'd Consent to run out any Circle but one 
whose Radius was 12 miles, & insisted y l they co'd not agree 
to run out a Circle of 12 English Statute miles from Newcastle 
Town, and Compl' 8 Com rs then d'd, in their written answer, y' 
they cou'd not agree to run any other than a Circle at y e dis- 
tance of 12 miles from Newcastle, and then y e Deft 3 Com" pro- 

Not agreeing, posed an Adj\ & y° minute thereof to be bro' in 

Novrl'a" Newcastle 1 ! h Y each side in y e Afternoon, when they met, 

& after much debate a minute of Adjt was 

sign'd to meet at Newcastle, y e 14 th Nov r then next. 

That y e Com™ or Quorums of both sides met at Newcastle s'd 

sun disagreeing 14 th Nov r , 1733, & continued to meet y e 15 th & 16 th 
Connl propose to go °f same month & Debated during all y' time, 
iSnyeBuuTw* ' mt y" Com" ou each sidp appearing fixt in their 
Line - form' Sentim' 8 y e Deft 8 Com rs frequently de- 

clared y' as Compl 18 Com 1 " 3 wo'd not join then in run'ing y e 
( lircle they contended for it was to no purpose to continue any 
longer together, & therefore proposed y e Com rs shou'd depart 
w th out Adjt. , but Compl ts Com" refused, & then Deft 8 Com" 
del d a writing, whereby they proposed to proceed to Cape Hin- 
lopen, in order to fix y e Cape, & run y e East & West Line di- 
rected by y e 3 d Article of y e Agreem', & then Adj' 1 to next day. 
and 17"' NoV, y e Com" met again & Compl' 8 Com" d'd to Deft" 
Com" a written paper Recapitulating many pis. of y e Behaviour 

But pites Comrs of Deft 8 Com" from 1 st meeting & giveing Rea- 
must be first flxt^e- sons why they cou'd not proceed to other B's 
cH be y proclectfd & Lines' w°" were to be directed & govern'd by 
on y e Circle, until y e Circle it self was fix'd as di- 

rected by s'd Art 8 , And then y d Com" Adj' 1 to y e 19 th 9 her , & then 
met again, & Deft 8 Com" d'd a long Answer in writing to ex- 
cuse or palliate their Conduct, <& remarking y" no minutes taken 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 389 

men d many facts w ch had realy past & w ch Compl ts Coin" had in- 
sisted on in their last paper, (whereas y l had been their con- 
stant Complaint y' Deft" Com™ refused Clerks or even a Com r 
on each side to take minutes,) & concluded w ,h an express De- 
clara'con y' in their opin" no other consequence co'd arise from 
their difference in Judgm' from Compl 18 Com", & their Refusal 
to p'eeed to Cape Hinlopen than y' either y e Com" must stay 
at Newcastle till 25"' Dec r , 1733, w ,h out run'ing y e Circle or de- 
part w ,h out further Adjt. , w ch they left to y e Con's of y e Compl" 
Com" & Adj d to next day & then met & Adj d to y e day after, 
and on y e 21 st Nov r , y Com" met, Compl ts Com" del d to Def ts 
Com' 3 a written paper of observa'cons & argumt 8 upon many 
pts. of y e proceedings & > e Com" Adj d to next day, and then y° 
Com" meeting again, those for Deft. del d to y e Complts Com" 
& after long De- another long paper & Adj d to next day, and on 

bates for sevl days „ «„,. AT . . .,, r „ • e /-t „it« <-i r « 

neither side being >' e 23 d Nov' y l Com" met again & Compl ts Com" 
7ron"u 1 ei I °op?n C ion e deld to Def t s Conirs >' e Answ r to y e last paper, & 
they on ye 24 Novr then Deft' Com" propos'd y' since y e Com" had 

agree to depart wth- tr tr j j 

out Adjt & prepared continued so long together in exchanging of 

sign a concluding , . 

minute for yt pur- papers to no man er of purpose, being still as 
farr from agreeing as ever, they shod then de- 
part, whereupon it was agreed y' a minute sho'd by mutual con- 
sent be prepared ag' next day to w' 1 ' time y e Com" Adj d and on y e 
24 th NoV, 1733, y e Com" met for y e last time & sign'd a minute 
w cb recited s'd Art s of Agreem' & Comi'cons & y e meeting be- 
tween y e Com" on the 6 th Octo r . 1732, & other subsequent meet- 
ings & sev 1 Appointm ls of p'ticular Com" for Maryland, in place 
of others who were sick or dead or co'd not attend, &y' since y e 
meetings at Newcastle, divers Appointm ls & Adj ts had been 
made, & sundry proposi'cons & Debates had passed & y e 5 
Com" on each side had met at Newcastle on y e 14 lh Nov r . then 
Inst., where resuming their former Debates & making divers 
proposi'cons to each other from s'd 14 th to y e p r sent 24th Nov r , 
each side continued to p'sist in their form r opinion y' is y 
Com" for pensilv a insisted as they always had done in run'ing 
a Circle, or as much as sho'd be requisite at y e distance of 12 
English Stat, miles from y e Town of Newcastle as in 2 d Art. of 
s'd agreem' is directed as v e only Circle they conceiv'd 'emselves 
impower'd to run, & y' y e Deft 8 Com" insisted as at former meet- 
ings they had done upon run'ing a Circle (or as much as sho'd 
be requisite) whose Perippery or Circumf'ence is 12 miles only 
or whose Diameter is somewhat less than 4 miles, as y e only 
Circle meant in y e Deed of Bargin & sale & y e ffeoffm' for New- 
castle & as y e only Circle intended by y e Prop r in s'd Art 8 w ch 
Circle y e Deft s Com" conceiv'd themselves only Impow' to run 
& y' under y' diff'ence of Judgem', y e Com s of Pensilv" having 



390 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

refus'd to proceed to Cape Hinlopen in order to fix y e Cape, & 
run y e East & West Lines, because for y e reasons by them 
assign' d it cou'd be to no purpose. The Deft 8 Com rs were of 
opinion y* no other consequence cou'd arise than either y l y e 
Com r3 sho'd continue at Newcastle till s'd 25 th Dec r , w th out run'- 
ing s'd Circle ab l Newcastle or depart from thence w ,h out 
further Adj 1 , & as y e last 11 days had passed in Debates y* had 
not in y e least tended to any near r agreem' between y e Com r \ 
& y e time for executing s'd Art 3 was then so near expiring y l w Ul 
y e utmost appliea'eon, it was scarce possible to run & fix all y" 
Lines in y e Art 9 required to be done. Therefore upon y e whole 
y e Com rs on both sides did agree y' it cou'd not answ r any of y e 
purposes intended by s'd Articles to continue longer together, 
and therefore, tho't it proper to depart w th out further Adjt. & 
leave their Conduct to y e judgm' of their Sup'iours. 

And thus y e meetings of s'd Com 1 " 3 were ended, & thereby y e 
Circle Lines & Bounds were not run or markt out by y 1 ' 25 th 
Dec r , 1733, as Cov'ted in s'd Art 3 nor are yet run, but Compl 13 

That such diffence expressly Charge & insist y' y e not run'ing s'd 

in opinion was not x . . • » i i » 

owing to any default Lines was in no sort occasion (1 by y e non at- 
cLre'buuo Del tl!" tendance or any Default w'ever of y e Compl' 3 or 
& his' comrs & yt their Com' 8 , but purely from a diff'ence in 

their difl ing wth ' * J 

pits. Comrs was opinion between v e Com" on each side, (as those 

only an artifice of 

Defts to avoid exe- for Maryland pretended) viz' wliether y° Coin™ 
were to mark out y e Circle at 12 miles distance 
from Newcastle, (as y° Art 3 & Comi'con plainly directed) or at 
less than 2 miles distant therefrom, but notw th standing such 
Diff'ence or pretended Diff'ence in opinion y l s'd Art e of y e 10"' 
May, 1732. do still subsist in full force, & Compl' 3 Charge y e s'd 
pretended diff'ence of opinion of Defts. Com™ from Compl' - 
Com™ was nothing but a meer pretence & artifice to avoid exe- 
cuting y e Agreem' & was approv'd, Consented to & directed by 
I )eft himself to avoid complying w th his own s'd solemn agreem'. 
That y e first acco' which arriv'd in Gr' Brittain of s'd Lines 
not being run was in May, 1734, & y e Compl u Jno. & Rich d , 
Penn (both then in Grt. Brittain. ) at same time received many 
accots of y c Gt. Dissatisfac'cons & uneasiness it had given to 
their Tenants & occupy" of Land there, & who refused to pay 
Pitf. jno.Pennito their Quit Rents, Insomuch y' for y e Quieting 
fuse T d en t a o n pay h t be1r y e minds of y" people in s'd 3 Lower Countys. 
penlva en %h g °Jufy r as weu as ^ or preserving y e Complt's right to y e 
1734 prem'es, y e s'd Jno. Penn at very gt. inconveni- 

ence was also oblig'd to go to Pensilva., & embark'd y e 9"' 
July, 1734, & soon arriv'd there. That > e Deft, knowing & w ,h 
express view to take advantage of s'd Jno. & Tho s Penn s being 
both then absent in Pensilv a . & leaving only their young r Bro r 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 391 

Deft. takes advan- Rich d ill Gt. Britt. , who was but just of age & 
T a hos°Penif sab°ence ignorant of s'd old & intricate Disputes & Trans- 
fa i S P p e r f st r ntMa R ty n t0 ac'cons, he y« s'd Deft, in open breach of many 
express Gov™ in s'd Art 3 did on y e 8 th Aug', 1734, 
(being y e first Gen 1 Council after Deft, had heard of s'd Jno. 
Penn's departure as af d for Pensilv 3 ,) present to his present 
Ma'ty his peti'con stating y e Charter for Maryland in such 
man'er as he tho't prop., & alledging (tho' m* untruly,) y' 
some m'res appear'd by an ord r in Council of 4' h April, 1638, re- 
lating to one W m Clayborne, y e Isle of Kent, (altho' there is no 
such order & so y e Deft 3 know & his Grandfather had admitted 
on y e form 1 Dispute ab' 50 y rs before,) & stating p' only of s'd 
Report & ord r in 1685, but leaving out y e m' material pts. 
thereof, p'ticularly those words whereby it was declared y e s'd 
3 Lo\v r Countys had ever since y e Charter for Maryland been 
poss'ed by Xtians, down to y' y r 1685, & had continued as a 
distinct Colony from Maryland, w ch omission was not an ac- 
cidental, but designed one, to deceive his Ma'ty & Minist rs , & 
stating, y' if at y e time of y e Chart r for Maryland any pt of y e 
Tract of Land men d in s'd Rep* was Inh'ited by Xtians, yet 
they were not subjects of England, but Swedes & Dutch, or 
other foreign", &, therefore, as s'd Deft, suggested, (tho m' 

contents of ye untruly,) by his s'd peti'con, y 4 all y' pt. of s'd 
Petieon. Pen'sula was plainly described w th in y e Limits 

of s'd Grant of Maryland, so y' he conceived it did pass by y' 
Charter, & He, by s'd petieon, besought his Ma'ty by a further 
Chart r or Patent, to confirm to s'd Deft., in ffee, all s'd pts. of 
s'd Pen'sula, as was cont d w th in y e Limits of s'd Maryland 
Chart r , notw lh standing s'd words of Hac tenus Inculta in y e 
Recital, & Deft, purposely contrived not to name y e Compl' 3 
therein, nor their Far r , nor y e s'd province of Pensilv", nor s'd 
3 Low' Countys, and disguised his petieon and pray r thereof, in 
such Gen. words as af d & concealed all his s'd Agreement of 10th 
May, 1732, whereby, for such val Cons., he had released to y e 
Compl ts in ffee all his w' to pretences to s'd 3 Low' Countys, & 
Cov'ted to make further assurance of, & to support y e Compl' 3 
Int. in y* same, & concealed ev r y tittle of y e Compl", & their 
mo' & Fa r , & s'd Dukes Title, & long & antient poss'ion of s'd 
3 Lower Countys, quite from 1664, & y e g' Improvement made 
thereon, purely to obtain to himself a Grant or Confirmacon 
of s'd 3 Low' Countys, (in breach of y e Compl 1 * Right. & his own 
s'd solemn agreement, made at his own Importunity, and upon 
his own Terms,) by Surprize and Misrepresenta'cons to, & Con 
cealm' 3 of Facts from his Ma'ty, & w th out y e Compl' s knowing, 
or being able to oppose it, to induce his Ma'ty to make him, 
y e Deft., such Grant, to enable him to defeat y e Compl* 3 Right 



392 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

& his own agreem', & turn them out of their Antient poss'ion 
and Improvem 18 , w ch Def s well knew his Ma'ty, upon a true 
state of y e whole Case, was too good & just to do, nor has y e 
Crown ever yet disturbed y c poss'ion of any one subject in 
America, who has been at any expence in settling there, and 
Cultivating y e Country, tho' many may have Titles w°\ possi- 
bly, might not bear a strict exa'ion. 

That on presenting s'd last men d Petion his Ma'ty by ord r in 
Council of 8th Augt, 1734, Referred it to y e L' ls Com rs for Trade 

Wch petreon his & plantacons & made a Report thereon to his 
Comrs fo^Trade. * ° Ma'ty in Council, & Deft, gave no man'er of 
notice thereof to any of y e Compl 68 , or any p'son 
in their behalf, but a former Agent of theirs had notice thereof 
from y e s d d L ds Com rs of Trade, who accidentally in y e course of 
B s in their office Knew y l y e Compl", & their Far r had been 
iong in poss'ion of. & had still named Lieut. Gov r for y e s'd 3 
Low 1 " Countys, & thereupon applicacon was made in behalf of 
y e Compl 18 to s'd L ds Com" in presence of y e Deft, to know wt. 
it was he under such Gen 1 pti'con prayed for, & to have rea- 
sonable time to apprize all y c Compl' 8 there, in order to make 
their defence. In answ r , whereto y e Deft, expressly Declar'd 
to s'd Com" y', he then peti'coned for a Grant of s'd 3 Low 1 " 
Countys, or to y' effect, & to p r ve y e Compl ts , having a fair 
opportunity of being heard ag' such Peti'con, & w ,h a design 
further to misrepresent Facts to his Ma'ty & his minist r , did 
press y l time might not be given for sending notice to yr e 
Compl' 8 in America, (who only knew anything, & y l but little 
of y e old Transac'cons,) but y l his s'd pet" might be heard 
forth w th , & y e s'd L ds Com" for Trade & planta'cons not judge- 
ing it decent to let his s'd Ma'ty's Referrence lye so long as till 
\" Compl' 8 had notice in America, did appoint a day & heard 
y e same on y e 20 th & 31 s[ days of Dec r , 1734. Ex p'te w tb out 

who Heard ye hearing y e Compl' 8 , or any p'son on their be- 

same Ex. p'te wth- ,,« „ .,, « , -, -r» ,., , _ h c 

out any notice given half upon y c mentts of s d Peti con at w ch & 

p earingfo P r ye D pAe S ° ther timeS ^ Deft - & his agents taking ad- 

fav eP ° rt ' n DeftS ' vanta S e of y e Compl' 8 absence. & y e s'd L ds 
Com rs being unacquainted of w l had passed in 
y e y rs 1684 & 85, did deceitfully offer to s'd L ds Com rs y e s'd ficti- 
tious blank paper as a Copy of some Rep', or ord r in Council of 
4" 1 April, 1638, (tho' he knew there was no Orig 1 thereof, & y l his 
Grandfather had so acknowledged in 1684 & 85, as afore set 
forth,) & no p'son appearing at s'd Hearings in behalf of y e Com- 
pl" a gt ye s ' f j pet n . or to object to y e s'd paper y e s'd L ds Com" (be- 
ing imposed on by y e Deft. & his Agents,) took it to be a Real 
paper, & on y e 16 lh Jan r y, 1734, made Rep' to his Ma'ty in 
Council upon s'd Pet", founded chiefly on s'd fictitious blank 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 393 

paper, & therein only stated .so much of y e determination made 
in 1685, as y e Deft, had set forth in his petn. By w ch unfair 
proceedings of y e Deft. & his Com rs & Agents both in America 
& Grt. Briti, y e Oompl ,s are g' 1 * Injured. 

But y e s'd Rep 1 , of 16th Jan r y, 1734, being Referr'd by his 
Ma'ty's ord r , in Council, to y e L 1 " 8 of y e Comi'ttee of Privy 

But his Maty re- Council for planta'con affairs, the Lo'pps on y e 
Ld r s S of re ye r privy 10th May, 1735, Heard Council for y e Compl 15 
who n Hear°ye pftes? thereon,' and afterw ds made a Rep 1 to his Maty 
pites^eticonTsAd- in Coancil . ancl h Y or(lr thereon, of 16th May, 
joum'd to end 1735. his Ma'ty was pleas'd to ord r y' y^Caus of 

Mich'lnias Term, yt , . _ „ * 

ye pites might s d last men" Rep 1 , & of y e 2 pet cons of y e 
P ceed in equity. C ompl t8 , & y e Land own", in s'd 3 Low r Countys 
sho'd all be adj d to y e end of Mich' mas Term next, y« 
y e Comp ts might have opportunity to proceed in a Co" of Equity 
for relief on s'd Art 8 of Agreem 1 , as they sho'd be advised, and 
after s'd Term each p'ty sho'd be at liberty to apply to s'd 
Com rs of Council, as y e Case might require. 

And y e Bill prays y' pl tes may be at lib'? to examine their witn 8 
to p'petuate their Testimony, & y l they may be Quieted in 
y e possion of s' 1 3 Low r Countys, and y' y e s' 1 recited Articles of 
Agreem' of y e 10'" May, 1732, may be Decreed to be in full force 
& to be forthwith specifically p'formed & Carry'd into execu- 
con in all respects, & y l y e s d doubts ab' y e Circle & Center, & 
all other difncultys removed & cleared up, by y e Decree of this 
Court, (y e pl ,es offering to fix y e Center in y c middle of Newcastle 
Town. ^ & y l y e Deft, may pursuant to his Cov ,s in s d agreem 1 , 
make further assurances to y e pl tea of s d province of Pensilva, & 
s d 3 Low' Countys to be bounded accding to s d Art 8 of 10 th May, 
1732, and pay y e pl tes all their Coin" Cost & otherwise relating 
to y e executing s 13 Agreem 1 , & to y c s' 1 peticon of Defts .to his 
Maty, in Aug', 1734; & y l y e pl Us may have all other equitable 
relief, & may have special Injunccon to Quiet them. Their 
C-rrantes, Tenants, & Occupy", claiming under y e pl les , & those 
from whom they derive Title as af\ in y e peaceable possion & 
enjoym 1 s d province of Pensilv a ,& 3 Low' Countys to be bounded 
as af d , Is y e Scope of y e Bill. 

Note. —Here y e Bill recapitulates y e several matters before 
stated. & requires y e Deft 8 p'ticular Answ r on oath thereto, and 
also whether his petitioning his p'sent Maty for a Grant of s' 1 
Low' Countys, as af d , was acting pursuant to whether admitts 
y l s'd agreem', of 10th May, 1732, does not subsist in full forces 
or insists it is void, & if so y' he may set forth y° p'ticular rea- 
sons why and whether it is not as practicable now at a prop, 
season of y e y r to run and lay out y e Bound Lines agreed upon 
by y e s'd Art 8 , as it was between Octo r , 1732, & Xmas, 1733, 



394 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

& how long it wou'd take to run y e same if y e Com" wo'd pro- 
ceed w ,h fairness & dispatch, & in case no diff'ence in Judgmt 
arose between v m . 



THE ANSWER, 

SWORN 15th JUNE, 1737, SETTS FORTH 



To paragraphs. (1. ) The Deft, admitts there is such a penin- 
sula, & so bounded. 

(2.) & y l Delaware runs between it & West Jersey, & y l s'd 
Jersey was called as in s'd Bill set forth. 

(3. ) But Denys y l he knows who was y e first Discoverer 
thereof, or when Discover'd, nor ever heard of s'd Smith's 
Discovering it, or y' he gave names to any places on s'd Con- 
tinent, or y l he published such Book or map. But believes there 
is such a book extant, but by whom published can't say, nor 
whether it or s'd map is well known or esteem 'd or reckon'd y" 
earliest Descrip'con by any Englishman of those p'ts, or y' s'd 
map contains y e Longitude or Lat., acc'ding to y e then best 
observa'cons. But believes s'd map has been long found to be 
very erroneous & incorrect, and not to be depended on. 

(4.) Admitts y e 3 Low r Oountys are situate as described in 
s'd Bill, bu + - denys they were ever call'd or esteemd p't of or 
belonging to Pennsilv*, nor knows or ever heard them call'd 
by any of v e names in y e Bill save y e 3 Low 1 " Countys, or Dela- 
ware, or y e County 3 of Newcastle, Kent and Sussex, & y\ if 
they had any other names, 'twas in y° Infancy of y e settlement 
thereof, & denys he ever heard they were time im'emorial, set- 
tled by Swedish, or afterw ds by Dutch Xtians, & believes they 
were not settled by any Xtians till after K. C. 1 st Grant to 
Deft. , but admitts he has heard some few Itinerant Swedish «& 
Dutch Traders did now & then resort to some inconsidble pts 
thereof, only to Trade w th y e s'd natives, but never form'd any 
abiding settlem' there before s'd Grant, & denys he ever heard 
s'd Countys have, ev r since 1(563, been in poss'ion of late Duke 
of York, & s'd W. Penn & y e pl w , or y* they have any title 
thereto, but y' Deft. & his ancest rs have always, since s d Grant 
thereof, asserted their Right thereto, & have exercised acts of 
Owner 11 thereon, & rec J Rents of pt. thereof, & were at gr't 
expence in Improvem" & driving out y e natives. 

(5.) Admitts y' Cecilius, Baron of Baltimore, in his peti'con, in 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 395 

1632 toK. Cha s , did suggest y' y e pts. in America be peti'oon'd 
for a Grant of, were not then cultivated, but inhabited only by 
Savages, & y' y e allega'cons in s'd B. C. , relating to s'd peti'con 
are true, & y l K. C, by patent dated 20 th June, 1632, Granted 
s' 1 Cecili us 2 Tracts of Land, viz' : the Tract pt. of s'd Pen'sula, 
& y e other being pt. of y e main, to y e westw d of s'd pen'sula & 
of Chesapeak Bay, w ch are p'ticularly described in s'd patent 
therein set forth at large, w cl1 recites his peti' coning for plant- 
ing a Colony in a certain Tract "in Terra qua'dm, in partibus 
America, hacteiius inculta, d % Barbaris nullam, dvoini numinis 
■notitiam hentibe in pHibus occupat," and observes y l tho' y° 
words [hactenus inculta] are used in y e preamble of s'd Charter, 
yet they are not inserted byway of Restric'con in y e Granting 
pt. , & insists y e Lands thereby described & Granted are not re- 
strain'd to s'd words, but did all pass, and admitts his s'd 
Maty by s'd Chart 1 , Granted to s'd Ceciliusall Islands w th in 10 
Leagues Eastw as of s'd Country, & Erected s'd Granted Lands 
into a province, by y e name of Maryland. 

(6.) Can'ot say whether s'd Ti*acts, so Granted, were so de- 
scribed by y e help of s'd Smith's s'd Book & Map, & no other, 
he not having compared them, & denys y e auth'ity of s'd Book 
& Map & insists s'd 3 Low r Countys were included in s'd Grant, 
& y l (as he believes, & has been inform'd,) s'd pen'sula & prts. 
adjacent were discovered, tho' not settled upon, by English- 
men, as well as those of other nations, many y rs before s'd Grant 
& y e publishing Smith's s'd Book & Map, & y* he has a map 
much more ancient, as he believes. 

(7. ) Denys y'any part of y e Lands w ch lay under y e 40 th Degree 
were excluded by s'd Grant & conceives y', ace 'ding to y e 
Bounds expressed therein, y e Lands thereby Granted were to 
extend thro' y e 40 th Degree Compleat. 

(8.) Denys y 1 such pt. of s'd pen'sula, as men" 1 in y e Bill or 
any pt. of y e Continent at y e Bead thereof, or any pt. of y e 3 
Low r Countys, were seated by y e Swedes & Dutch, as in y e Bill, 
or in such man'er as y' his s'd Ma'ty was not fully seiz'd there- 
of, at y e making s'd Grant, & y' his Ma'ty had then full pow r 
to Grant, & did, by s'd patent, Grant s'd 3 Lower Countys, 
& y' a few itinerant Swedish & Dutch Traders being settled 
on some small p'ts thereof, cou'd not invalidate s'd Grant. 

(9.) That, after making s'd patent to s'd Cecilius, he or some 
of his Descend' s became, & have ever since continued poss'ed 
of s'd Granted prem'es, save such pts. as pl ts & their Ance strs 
have unjustly usurped. 

(10.) Denys y e settling of y e Swedes & Dutch, as in y° Bill, 
& y l if any such were settled there, they were only a few Itin- 
erant Traders, who cou'd not deserve y e name of settlemts, & 



396 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

had no Right, or at least to such pt s only as they actually 
poss'ed, w ch were very small & inconsidble. 

(11.) Admitts y l s'd Cecilius. or his Descen' i,s , settled Lands 
on y e Western side of s'd Pen'sula, more Northw lls than 39 th 
Degree, Compleat, but not in Disinherison of his Ma'ty, y c 
same being cont J w ,h in y c limits in s'd Charter. 

Deny 3 y e Compl' 3 or ancest rs ever cou'd, or did transferr any 
Title to any pt. of s'd 3 Low 1 " Countys to s'd Cecilius, or De- 
scend' 5 . 

(12.) Denys y e Dutch holding y e Lands call'd 3 Low' Countys 
as pt. of, & their always going along w"' s'd Greater Settlem 1 , 
or y' y e same was absolutely necessary thereto, but believes it 
might be advantageous to those who hold s'd Gt. Settlem' to 
have y e 3 Low Countys, if they had any right. 

(13.) Admitts y', in 16(34, K. C. 2 d took from ye Dutch their 
s'd Gt. Settlem 1 at New York & New Jerseys, & all lands be- 
longing thereto, but denys y l s'd 3 Low' Countys were ever es- 
teemed to app'rtainto s'd Gt. Settlem', or to be y e Right or 
poss*ion of y e Dutch, or y' his s'd Ma'ty, for l sl time, became 
so sei/.d thereof, y c same being long before that y c Right of y e 
Crown of England, & granted to s'd Cecilius by s'd patent. 

(14. ) Believes K. C. 2 d by patent dat, 12 th March, in 1664, did 
Grant to his Bro r , y e Duke of York in ffee, considble Tracts in 
New England, & referrs to y e patent thereof, but denys he 
thereby became seiz'd of, or entitled to s'd 3 Low' Countys, & 
e contra says y' s'd Cecilius, & other Defts. ancest rs , from 
makeing s d Grant, in 1632, till as hereafter men d , exercis'd all 
acts of own'pp & Governmt, & s'd 3 Low' Countys, as absolute 
proprietors thereof, & had good Right to do so, & y' y e same 
were never in poss'ion of y e Dutch, but always belonging to 
Maryland & included in s'd Charter to s'd Cecilius, & denys 
s'd Duke had any Right to Grant y e same away. 

(15.) Admitts s'd Treaty at Breda, & y l y e States Gen 1 there- 
by ceded to his s'd late Ma'ty all places in his passion on y e 
10' h May, 1667. 

(16. ) And y' warr was Declared between England & Holland, in 
1672, & y' y" Dutch Entered on their s'd Gt. settlement in July, 
1773; but denys their entering then upon y e 3 Low' Countys. 
Admitts such Treaty of Peace between England & Holland, in 
Feb", 1673, & y l all Countrys taken by either pow' since' y 1 last 
warr broke out shod be restored. 

(17.) Admitts y' soon after s'd peace made, K. Cha s 2 d & y e 
Duke of York sent over Col. Andros to receive from y e Dutch 
y e s'd settlm' of y e 2 Jerseys &, New York, and did continue in 
y e Council thereof, under s'd Duke. & did, under his authority, 
for many y rs exercise all sorts of acts of propriety & Gov' there ; 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 397 

but denys his being sent to receive poss'ion of y e Dutch during 
y L ' warr, or by y m Deliv'd to s'd Col. Andros, or y" he ever exer- 
cised any acts of ovvn r p or Gov 1 there, y e Right thereto being 
as Deft, insists on in his Ancest™ under s'd patent. 

(18.) Admitts K. C. 3d, by L'res patent, dat. 29'" June, 1G74. 
Granted to s'd Duke in ffee y 1 ' same Territorys so granted by 
s'd form r L'res patent, (in order to make him a Clearer Title 
thereto,) but Denys y e s'd 3 Low'r Countys were included in 
such new Grant in 1064. 

(19.) Admitts Comp! ,s Father peti'coning, as in y e Bill, but 
knows nothing of y 1 ' proceedings thereon before y e Comittee 
of y e privy Council for Trade, &c. 

(20 & 22.) Admitts y e patent to Wm. Penn of Pensilv", but 
for y e bounds & descrip'con referrs to y e patent but says y 1 ' 
same did not give him any Title or included y e 3 Low' Countys, 
y e s'd province of Pensilv a lying on y e AVest side of Delaware 
& sd 3 Countys on ye East side of sd River. 

(21. ) Denys y' y e L d9 of y e privy Council tho't s'd Duke's Con- 
sent necessary before s'd patent for Pensilv a passed y e seal, for 
y e reasons in y e Bill, but admitts y e Duke's assent was had to 
s'd Grant before its passing y e seal, because of his being y u 
pps'sed of y e Jerseys & New York contiguous to pensilvania, 
& y l there might be some doubt of its infringeing upon & not 
at all on acco 1 of y e 3 Low' Countys. 

(23 & 24. ) Admitts y e s'd Duke's two ffeoffm ts to Mr W m Penn, 
of y e 24 th Aug 1 , 1682, w th y e Cov ,s , &c, as in y e Bill, but denys y< 
any Right to s'd 3 Low r Countys cou'd pass thereby, y s'd 
Duke having no right thereto himself under either of his s'd 
Grants, & says s'd Duke was so sensible thereof y l he afterw ds , 
in 1083, obtained a warr' from K. Cha s 2 ,J for a patent for s'd '■'< 
Low r Countys to himself, but was prevented passing by y e then 
L a Baltimore's peti'con to his s'd Ma'ty ag l it. & alledging s'd 
3 Countys were included in s'd Cecilius's s'd patent, w ch is y e 
strongest evidence of y e s'd Dukes having a Right to s'd 3 
Countys, & shews y e sense of y e Crown to be so at all times. 
Knows nothing of \V m Penn's taking pos'sion in form of y e 
prem'es contain'd in s'd 2 ffeoffm ,s , but, if fact was so it was 
wrong and an infringement on s'd Chart* of Maryland. Nor, 
does he know anything of s d proclama'con. in support of s'd 
ffeoffm' 3 , but (if any such were) insists they could not impeach 
s'd Chart' of Maryland. 

Believes s'd 3 Low' Countys may be comprised in s'd 2 ffeoff- 
m'ts of 82, but insists y' Comp ts can't, by vertue thereof, have 
any right thereto, because at y e making such iTeoffm' y e Duke 
himself had no right. 

(25.) Admitts W" Pcnn's entering into pos'sion of Pensilv" 



398 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

al>' y' time in y e Bill, but Denys his entering on y c pos'sion of 
3 Low 1 Countys as prop r thereof, or y' he, or any claiming 
under him, ever had as prop", any pos'sion or right thereto and 
says, there being a dispute touching y e right to s'd 3 Countys 
between y e Crown & Deft s Ancest ls , who being restrain'd by 
some Disabilitys from exercising any acts of Gov', & they being 
not of extent & Riches enough to support a sep'ate Gov', y e 
Gov'of ]Vnsilv a has for raanyy" been p'm'tted to have y c Gov' 
over s'd 3 Countys but there were not w' h standing never look'd 
upon as pt, of Pensilv", & for y' y e pltes. & their Ancest rs have 
always, upon his Ma'tys approving of a Gov r of PensilV, and 
s'd 3 Countys, signed a Declara'con y l such approba'con shod 
not be construed to establish any right in them to s'd 3 Countys, 
or diminish y e Crown's Claim thereto, whereby it appears such 
Gov' held y e Gov 1 of s'd 3 Countys only in Trust for y e Crown, 
or such other as shod make out a Title under y e Crown. 

Does not know y' pl tes or y r Fa r rec d Quit rents for s rt Countys, 
but if they did, insist no illegal pos'sion of theirs cou'd give y™ 
a Title thereto, same being comprized in y e Maryland Grant to 
s'd Cecilius & apprehends y e right to s'd 3 Countys can'ot be 
drawn into que' on by their suit. 

Denys he ever heard y l W m Penn settled s'd 3 Countys, or y l 
he & Compl ,s have been at 60,000£. or any expence in Jmprove- 
ing y e same, nor was s'd \V m Penn ever at any expence in settling 
y e province of pensilv\ but y' y e same was begun," Carry d on 
by divers people, who purchas'd of him 000,000 Acres, by w oh 
he was an immediate Gain r & y' as this was his method of set- 
tleing pensilv", 'tis very improbable he wo'd be at any ex. in 
settleing y e 3 Low' Countys, to w ch he knows he had no right, 
& y\ if they are a pt. of Pensilv" (which he denys,) both wo'd 
not make y e m' consid'ble Colony for y e age in America. Ad- 
mitts there may be near 40,000 Souls in s'd 3 Countys but denys 
their being thicker settled than y e other pt. of Defts. province 
of Maryland. 

(36.) Knows not y l y e subsequent L'res patent, of 22' 1 March, 
1682, were obtain'd, but if they were, denys they were granted 
In Trust, for y° pl tes , or in pursuance of any Cov ts in s' 1 ffeoffm' 
from s'd Duke, or y' he Deliver'd y e same to pl tes fa r , & insists 
they cou'd not divest him of his right to s'd 3 Low' Countys, 
being subseq' to s'd Maryland Charter. 

(27 & 28.) Says he has heard y l y e s'd Duke, ab' y e time in y e 
B. C. , was solliciting for a further Grant of s'd 3 Low' Countys, 
and was stopt by s'd Peti'con of Deft s ancestor, but denys y e 
Duke intended it for Comp! 18 Fa r , but for himself only. 

Says he has heard y l such peti'con of Defts. Ancestor was 
referr'd to such Committee of y e privy Council for Trade & 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 399 

plant", & y' s'd peticon* was heard thereon, but Denys y e pl ,es 
Fa r claim d, or was heard touching any right he pretended for 
s'd 3 Countys for himself, but only as agent for s'd Duke, & to 
support his preten'cons agt. y e y" L d Baltimore, & Denys y', 
in y 1 ' p*scu'con of s'd Dispute before y e Oomittee of Council or 
Comittee of Trade & plant 8 , it appears in any of y e proceed'gs 
y' y e same was between y e then L d Baltimore & pl tes s'd ffa r , but 
only y' pl les Fa r was concerned & acted therein as agent to y" 
s'd Duke. 

Says he can't set forth whether there were such minutes, 
Ord™ & Reports as in y e Bill men d , but believes such final ord™ 
in Council were made, and referrs to y e Council Books when 
produced, and insists, y l such final ord™ is so farr from being 
an evidence of any right being in the pl tes s'd ffa r , y' it makes 
no men'con of any right he pretended thereto, & y* y e Divis- 
sion thereby directed is only between his then Ma'ty & y e then 
L d Baltimore, & y l such ord r cou'd no ways deprive y e Deft, or 
his ancest r , of their right to s'd 3 Low r Countys, under y° s d 
orig 1 Chart r in 1632. 

(29.) Admitts y l during y e Contest in S3, 84, & 85, y e then L' 1 
Baltimore might p'duce to y° Comittee of Trade & plant" a 
Copy of s'd Ord r of 4 th April, 1038, in order to shew y l form r 
Board's opinion touching s'd L d Baltimore's Right to s'd 3 
Countys, but says he is a stranger to y e Charge in y e Bill, y' y" 
same was not an attested office Copy & its being refus'd as evi- 
dence. or y l s'd L d Baltimore had given him to p'cure an authen- 
tick Copy, or y' he afterw ds Declared to y e s'd Board y l he cou'd 
not find y e original, and believes y e same was a true Copy of a 
real ord r now rem 8 among y e papers in y e Office of Trade & 
plant*, & not a Fiction. 

(30.) Believes y e p! tes Fa r had not made any expensive Ira- 
provem ts in 3 Low' Countys before s'd Ord r of Nov r . 85, nor 
does he know or believes y' pl les Fa r or pl tes to this hour have 
made any expensive Improvem' 9 in s'd 3 Countys, or been at 
any expence in settleing y m , or y* they mortgag'd their estate 
in England or America for y l purpose, or have Impoverish'*! 
their Family thereby, but believe they may have been at some 
expence, but w l knows not, in Treating w th y e Indians, near 
thereto, and w h he apprehends was necessary for y m to keep a 
good Correspondce w th them, as they are prop rs , of Pensilv 1 , 
but denys they were at any such expence on accot of 3 Low r 
Countys, & Believes they may have mort'ged their Lands in 
America, but not for y e reasons in y e Bill, & denys they did or 
cou'd mort'ge y e 3 Low r Countys, or y* any one wou'd lend y m 
any money thereon, they having no man'er of right thereto. 

Knows not w' Improvem' 8 or number of planta'cons are made 



400 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

in 3 Low' Countys, but believes there are many Towns, Har- 
bours, ports, & Improvem" made there, but denys he hath 
heard, save from pl us & their agents, y l s'd 3 Low 1 Countys 
have been thus Improved by y e g 1 & continual pains, expence 
& Industry of y° pl ,es Fa r , or if y e pl ,es , on the contrary, hath 
heard and believes s'd Countys were first settled & Improv'd by 
y e Care & expense of Deft 3 Ancest™, & y c Inha'itants y m selves. 

(31. ) Knows nothing of any purchases made by y 1 -' Swedes & 
Dutch w lh in 3 Low r Countys from y e Indians, nor does he be- 
lieve any right to such Lands therein cou'd vest in pl les Fa r by 
vertue of such purchases, nor does he know of any purchases 
made by pl tes Fa' of y 1 ' Indians, own" of any Lands w"'in 3 Low r 
Countys, but if there was, insists pl tes Fa r cou'd have no right, 
nor cou'd Deft 8 Title, under Maryland Chart', be affected 
thereby. 

Knows not y' y c Lands comprized in such pretended convey- 
ances from the Indians to y e pl tes Fa r make up f h of y e Lands 
in 3 Low' Countys, or whether y 3 other p" thereof was pur- 
chas'd by y c Swedes & Dutch. 

(32. ) Denys any of his Ances™ knows of any such purchases of 
pl tes or their Fa r , or of their settleing3 Low' Countys, therefore 
cou'd not be say'd to suffer pl tes Fa r quietly to go on to improve 
such purchases and settle y e same after s'd ord r of 1685, he 
never having Improved or settled s'd 3 Countys in man'er as 
in y" Bill. 

(33. ) Admitts y e then L (1 Baltimore's peti'coning Queen Ann, 
and such peti'con being Referred to y e Com rs for Trade & plant 8 , 
as in y e Bill, and believes pl' ea Fa r might peti'con s'd Queen in 
opposi'con to L' 1 Baltimore's peti'con. y* y e same might be 
Dismiss' d, & y' such ord ra might be made by her Ma'ty in Coun- 
cil, as in y e Bill, & Referrs thereto. 

(34 & 35. ) Admitts there might be such further applica'con 
& peti'con to her s'd Ma'ty, in 1709, by y e then L d Baltimore, 
& such ord r of Council made thereon, as in y e Bill. 

(36. ) Denys he knows y l pl te3 Fa r was ever in quiet poss'ion of 
any p l of 3 Low r Countys as in y e Bill. 

Believes y e pl ,es Fa r dy'd ab' y e time in y e Bill, & y 1 he might 
make such will & y 1 \>V es mo' might afterw ds prove y e same as in 
y e Bill. 

(37. ) Never heard of y e Deed Appoint™' being executed by 
pjtcs jjr j n pursuance of the F rs Will, but referrs thereto w n pro- 
duced. 

(38.) Believes s'd Han'ah might dye ab' y e time in y e Bill, & 
also y' Denis Penn, her son, might dye an Infant w"'out Issue, 
as in y e Bill. 

Has heard of y e Lease & Release executed by y e surviving 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 401 

Trustees of pl ea Pa rs Will, pursuant to s'd Han'ah's Deed of 
Appointing 

(39.) Knows nothing of y" mort'ge to Joshua, (fee & Ja s 
Woods, «Sio. , or of their Reconveyance thereof in 1739, save 
from y' Bill. 

Denys he knows y° pl te3 or their s'd m rs decease, or at any 
other time enter'd into or are now in poss'ion of any p' of 3 
Low r Countys, under s*d Will & s'd Deeds, as in y e Bill, nor 
does he believe they have any right thereto. 

Denys he knows, or believes, y' s'd Han'ah, on y e death of 
W" Penn, enter'd, or to her death, was in quiet pos'sion of any 
pt. of 3 Low' Countys, in any other man'er than as Intrud 1 on 
y e propr'ty of Deft. & his Ancestf, & ye right of \"' Crown. 

(40. ) Nor knows y l W m Penn, or Han'ah, or p ltes , as occasion re- 
quired, appointed Depty GrOV ra of 3 Low' Countys, save as Deft. 
has before set forth, or y' they or any of y m begun or Carry'd on 
y e Improvem' 8 there at their g 1 expence, as in >"' Bill, or were 
at any expence on y' acco'. save w' they necessarily must, for 
y e benefit & safety of Pensilv 1 , & believes they were so well ap- 
prized & conscious of y right of Deft. & his Ancestor, to s'd 3 
Low' Countys,& of y e injustice of their own preten'cons thereto, 
y 1 they wo'd nev r put y'"selves to any expence in Improvem" 
there. 

(41. ) Denys he ev r made such applica'con to s'd Han'ah for 
settling y e Bounds, or ev r admitted he had no right to s'd :i 
Low' Countys, as in y e Bill all edged. On y e contrary, says he 
& his ancestors, always claimed and supported their right to 
s'd 3 Low' Countys in y best man'er they were able, & never 
admitted they had no Title, & have been at g 1 expence in sup- 
porting it, and in building Fortifications in 3 Low' Countys to 
p'tect y e Inh'itants ag' y e Indians, & in cultivating y e same. 

Denys he ev r made any such pprosal to s'd Han'ah, or y' 
any such agreem" were made thereon, as in y e bill suggested, 
hut believes s'd Han'ah, by herself, and others, apply'd t<> y" 
Deft, in 1723, & made him such proposals as in y L Bill pretended 
to be made by him to her, & desired her to enter into an 
agreem' to settle y e Boundaries of Maryland & Pensilv', & >' 
thereupon, he did enter into such agreem'as in y e Bill set forth, 
and believes y 1 one pt. thereof, was signed by s'd Han'ah, &c. , 
as in y e Bill, & was delive d to Deft., but can't set it forth, not 
having it in his custody, but referrs to pl us pt. 

Believes such proelama'cons were thereupon published, as 
in y' Bill set forth, & y< that for Maryland, was Deft 8 diivc - 
eons. 

(42.) Believes m'res remained quiet under s'd last agreem' 
.26 Vol. VII. 



402 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

for y c 18 ino s , & much longer, but Denys y e pl' cs , or their mo" 
did observe s'd agreem', but during y c continuance thereof, 
frequently Granted Lands near y° Bord r of s'd provinces & 
Lands vv th in y c 3 Lower Countys. w th out any right, & w"' a view 
to extend their settlemen' beyond their true linhtts. Denys y" 
not marking out y L Bounds was occasioned by any neglect of 
his, he being then ready to do it, & amicably to adjust all 
m'res in diffence, and, y e not doing it, was occasioned by y e 
neg'ect of y e pl tes , & their mo r , & y' he p'form'd ye s'd agreem' 
as far as he cou'd, & denys Tiny p'form'd their pt. 

Denys y c Granting any warr'ts for any unlocated Ground 
during y c continuance of s'd agreem' w"' intent, y' y e Grantees 
sho'd take up any lands of y L pl"" s or their mo 1 , or to extend his 
settlem 18 beyond y" true limitts. 

(43.) Admitts he did, y' 1st July, 1731, peti'con his p r sent 
Ma'ty to ord' >"' prop 18 of pensilv 1 to join in settleing y e Boun- 
daries of y e 2 provinces, w ch is an evidence of his desire of 
p'forming y e agreem 1 , »fc shews y not Carrying it into exe- 
cu'con, was not owing to his neglect, but y e pl tes ; but Denys he 
pra\ 'd in such peti'con y' y e Bounds might be ascertain'd on 
y e footing of y K Ord" in Council of 1685 or 1708, nor thereby in- 
tend to exclude any pt. of y e 3 Low r Countys from being ad- 
judged pt. of Maryland, or leave y" same to y' pl tes , as suggested 
in y e Bill. 

Denys y 1 before y e presenting n\l peti'con, he applyd to y e 
pl' es not to give up to him s'd 3 Low r Countys. but only to settle 
y° Bounds between pensilv* & Maryland, exclusive of y e 3 Low' 
Countys, or y l he presented such peti'con in order to spun- y e 
pl" s to a compliance w" 1 any such p'posal ; but, on y c contrary, 
always look'd upon all y c s'd 3 Countys as pt. of Maryland, & 
always insisted on his right therein, and never own'd, or be- 
lieved y e pi"" had any right thereto. 

(44.) Admitts his Ma'tys Referring s'd peti'con to y° Comit- 
tee of y e privy Council for Trade & plant 8 , & their Reference 
of it over to y e Lords Comiss rs for Trade & plant" as in y Bill. 

(45.) Says y' soon after such his applica' eon to his Ma'ty y 
pl" s p'eeiving y' he was resolv'd to proceed to obtain his Ma'tys 
Determina'con thereon, they to put a stop thereto frequently 
apply'd to, >x: at last pre vail' d upon Deft, to enter into a Treaty 
w th ym for settling their Bounds, w' 11 prevented Defts. obtaining 
any final order on such peti'con. Denys such Treaty was first 
proposed by him, but by >"' pl"\ & at their motion & req' in- 
t irely, & says one of y'" frequently waited on Deft, at his House 
after such his peti'con, to prevail on him to come into such 
agreem", & they first desir'd & press'd for a meeting for y' pur- 
pose. Denys his Threatning if pi"* wo'd not agree y' he wo'd 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 403 

set up his form r pretence to s'd 3 Low' Countys, in order to in- 
duce y e pi"" to comply to such aecommoda'con as in y e Bill, & 
y 1 he did not by entering into s'd Treaty design or imagine 
he cou'd Impose upon or make any undue Advantage thereby 
thro' y' pl" s Ignorance, nor does he believe y e pl ,es were Stran- 
gers to s'd old Disputes in His:!, 84 & 85, & 1709, as bvy e Bill al- 
ledged, but believes they were then as well acquainted w" 1 y 
same as they are now, & were not then under any of y e pre- 
tended Disadvantages in y e Bill suggested. But y l they were 
better appriz'd than y e Deft, of all y e proceedings & Trans- 
ac'cons touching y e Boundaries of y° s'd provinces, & y' several 
Claims thereto, <k y l he y' Deft, was under g'er Disadvantage 
& more liable to be imposed upon in s' I treaty, and y 1 they had 
in view y' gaining g' advantage thereby, or wou'd not have 
taken such pains to prevail on Deft, to come into it. 

Says y< pending s'd Treaty he had sev 1 meetings w ,h y' pl tes & 
their agents to receive their proposals & treat w ,h y" 1 between 
y 1 1"' June, 1731, & 10 th Jan'y after, but knows not on w' p'ticu- 
lar days, having no mem'dum or acco. 1 thereof, & believes he 
might at one of s'd meetings produce out of his pocket a map 
of PensilV, w 1 ' had been many y rs before transmitted by one 
of his agents in Maryland, who. he believes, rec d it from Pen- 
silv, & draw Lines thereon, but in w' pt s does not rem'ber, to 
denote in w l man'er he tho't ye Bounds ought to run, but says 
he did not thereby intend to include to y' pi"" anything but 
what he apprehended they had a just, legal, or equitable right 
to, & is since convinced y' y" pi"" had no such right to the y 6 3 
Low r Countys. 

That he \va ; guided by s'd map & pi"'" representa cons, being 
himself an entire stranger to all y s'd peninsula. &r is convinced 
y" s'd map was g L ly faulty, & was not made by his direc'con, 
but by y 1 ' pl" s , or their Ancest" s or agents, & by them sent to 
y' Defts Agents in Maryland, & us'd by him as y c first y' came 
to hand, & y' his reason for l)elieving s'd map to be made by 
y pl" s , or their agents, is y 1 when he so j)roduce<l it at s'd 
Treaty, one y pl" s at same time produced a small map drawn 
with pencil in all things, (as he believes.) like y l produced by 
>" Deft., & was sent s'd pl ,cs by Logan, his Depty Gov', in order 
for sand Treaty ab* ye Bounds: Can't set forth w 1 day, or 
whether on y 20 ,h July. 1731, he produced & mark 1 s'd map, 
nor at w' 1 of s'd meetings it was he insisted y 1 his northern 
Bounds for Maryland sho'd extend Northw' 1 " w ,h in 15 miles south 
of Philad% w ch acc'ding to s'd original Chart 1 of Maryland was 
not near so farr as its just bounds ought to extend, & admitts 
ye pltes. might desire y l ye same might not extend so farr, but 
only w"'in 20 or 18 miles of Philad', but believes he refused to 



404 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

consent thereto, he then & still esteeming his northern Bounds 
to be described in the s'd orig 1 Chart' of Maryland, & y* all ye 
Lands comprized in such Bounds properly app' tain to Mary- 
land, & y' y L ' Northern Bounds thereof were not Confined by 
his s'd Chart' to y e 39"' Degree compleat, or to y e beginning of 
y e 40 th , but do & ought to extend to y e 40 th Degree Compleat. 

Conceives y L pl"' s agreeing to y Bounds, as settled in y e 
agreem 1 , gives them no merit, but, on y e contrary, y l they im- 
posed upon him therein, & pretended to give w l they had no 
right to, & y l their objec'cons to his proposals were all pretence, 
& only made to colour their designs on him, & founded on an 
untrue suggestion, y' y e 40 th Degree ended where he has since 
found it did not, & denys y' all, or any pt. of s'd Northern 
Limitts of Pensilv a , as set out in pltes. Bill to have been agreed 
to between them & Deft. , were any pt. of Pensilv a , or included 
in its Charter, nor had pltes. any right thereto, but was y e 
Det'ts. long before, by vertue of s'd Charter to s'd Cecilius. 

Believes y' pltes. , John & Tho\ , might produce such a map, & 
draw lines thereon as in y' Bill, & y' then being sensible y l the 
man'er in w ch y e Bound-Lines were then proposed to run were 
much to their advantage, & to the disadvantage of y 1 ' Defts. , 
(y e Pl tes being well acquainted w"' y' situation of y e peninsula, 
& Defts. wholly ignorant thereof, & solely trusting to s'd map, 
was g'ly deceived & misled thereby,) they were, therefore, glad 
to close \v"' s'd proposals for fixing y e Bounds, well knowing y e 
.same wo d exclude from Maryland gt. pt. of s'd 3 Low' Coun- 
tys, w lh out including any Lands y' pl tes had any right to, so y l 
y e agreem' was in effect, giving up from the Deft, to y' pi" 5 
a gt. pt. of s'd 3 Countys, w" h he insists Mere his property. w lh - 
out any y' least Cons, from pl' PS to Deft, as a satisfac'con or 
equivalent for y same. 

Denys s*d Treaty was carry d on by Deft., on his pt. , in y e 
overbearing man'er as in y* Bill, & y l he refused to recede from 
anything lie at first insisted on, but made gt. concessions to y e 
pl"\ w' 1 ' he wo'd not have done had he had a thoro' knowledge 
of s'd Peninsula, & if s'd map had been true. 

Admitts y e pl tes agreed on Defts. nomination to Mr. Senex's 
engraving s'd map to he lixt to >"' agrem'. & y' y e same was 
printed on y e orig' agreejn', executed y e 10"' May, 1732, & be- 
lieves there is no material diff'ence between it & y\ so pro- 
duced by this Deft. 

(40 & 47. ) Admitts he did, at some of y e meetings, produce .Lv 
read to y pl"' s notes of his own writing, of some few things he 
proposed sho'd be pt. of y e agreemt. , but denys y° same con- 
tain'd y' substance of y e agreem 1 . or y" he proposed y° same 
shod be drawn on y e footing of those notes, only says y 1 he not 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 405 

having kept y c s'd notes, or any Copy, can t set forth ye eon- 
tents, but believes the same may be contain' d in y' s'd agreem't 
executed. 

Knows not y' running a Circle at 2 miles distance from New- 
castle is repugnant to y L ' agreemt. , w' h describes it to be a Circle 
of 12 miles, whose semi-diameter must be 2 miles, &, of conse- 
quence, its whole Diameter 4 miles, w ch wo'd make a Circle, 
or w' is com'only call'd periphery of y e Circle, 12 miles, as in 
y Bill. 

Believes y e pl' es , or their agent, did desire & had Deliver'd 
to y ni , by Deft s Soll r , a true Copy of s'd notes or proposal, in 
order to be incerted in \" agreem', but can'ot, for reasons af d 
set forth, whether s'd notes were as, or to y e effect in y e Bill, 
nor where s'd notes or proposal now is, therefore, can't under- 
take to produce it at y e Hearing, but will, if he can find it in 
y' mean time. 

(48. \ Admitts y° pl us Soil' might, on y e 16"' of Augt., 1731, De- 
liver to y e Deft 3 Soll r , Mr. Sharp, a Draft of y intended Art 8 
of Agreem', in order to be Consider' d & Settled by y e Deft, 
& y' such Draft lay under his & his agent's p'usal, from y' 
time to begining of May, & y' he was assisted therein by Mr. 
Wynne & Mr. Sharp, but not by Mr. Senex. only as to y e pro- 
priety of some of y e Terms in y e s'd agreem', & y l Mr. Senex 
acted therein very impartially ; nor was the Deft, assisted by 
Mr. Ogle, or any other, save as af d , and says y' whilst s'd Draft 
lay under y c Consideration of Deft. & his agents, sev'l alter- 
a'cons were made therein by pl tes & their agents, as well as by 
Deft & his agents, p'ticularly between y" proviso, y' in case 
a sufft. Quorum of y e Com*, on either side, sho'd not attend 
at y e sev 1 Adjournm' 5 ; to run out y e Lines, (for want, whereof. 
\" same co'd not be done w"'in y e Time limitted,) then y l s'd 
agreem 1 to be void, & y e p'ty, whose Com rs sho'd make such de- 
fault, sho'd forfeit to y e other, whose Com rs shod attend, 5,000£ 
was incerted by y c pl tes , or their agent ; & believes y' ; pl tes wo'd 
not have comply 'd to any of Defts. proposals, if they had not 
tho't them for their advantage, & believes y e sev 1 altera'cons 
made in s'd Draft, whilst under Defts. p'usal. were agreed 
upon by pl us & Deft., & made pt. of y c agreem', & can'ot re- 
collect any other altera'cons made in s'd Draft, than as in y e 
Bill. & which altera'cons were readily comply'd w"' by y e pl ,es , 
being so much to y l disadvantage of y e Deft, thro' y' errors & 
lnisrepresenta'cons in s'd map, & Defts Ignorance of y e sev 1 
places men d in s'd map, & y e true situations & distances thereof ; 
& saith, y' in y c place laid down in s'd map, to be Cape Hin- 
lopen, is no such Cape. & y' y e place call'd therein, Cape Cor- 
nelius, is y e true Cape Hinlopen, originally so call 'd by >' Dutch. 



406 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

and so described in their maps ; & y' y c signification of y e Dutch 
word. Hinlopen, is (Going in,) & y e same in y e p'ltes Deeds of 
ffeotfmt, is call'd Cape Hinlopen, alias y c Whore Killns, w ch 
formerly were there, or therab'% & are so described in s'd 
agreemt, w ch was a g' imposition upon y e Deft. & his agents, & 
g"- v misled y m in regard y east & west Line agreed to be drawn 
across y c peninsula, was to begin on y e last pt, of y e place in s'd 
map, call'd Cape Hinlopen, but ought to have been from y' 
place, only w ch in s'd map is call'd Cape Cornelius. 

(49.) Admitts y e Draft of s'd agreem' was in begin'ing of 
May, 1732, as in y e Bill Deliver'd over by Defts Soil' to y c pl tes , 
in order to be Engrost, & y' 6 pts. were acc'dgly Engrost & 
were duly executed by y e Deft. & pl u \ Tho 8 & Rich' 1 Penn, y c 
10"' Ma>, 1732. as- in y e Bill, & y' y° same bore date & contain' d 
such recitals & Cov ,s , & were of such purport & effect, as in y e 
Bill p'ticularly set forth. 

Believes y 1 dining y e time y°s'd draft was so under Consider- 
a'con as af' 1 y° s'd map was engrav'd by s'd Senex, & was p d for 
by y e pl tes & Deft jointly, & y l he was desired to give his opin- 
ion in writing upon y e propriety of y e Terms & expressions used 
in s'd agreem', not at y e i eq' of y e Deft, only but at y e joint req' 
of him & y e p'ltes, & y 1 s'd Senex is an entire Stranger to s'd 
Deft. 

(50.) Answer'd before— (in 45.) 

(51. ) Admitts y' on y e 12 th May, 1732, he & y e pltes. severally 
executed Comi'cons to 7 Com r % or any 6. 5. 4, or 3 of y m , as in 
y c Bill, to run y e Lines so agreed on, & believes y u s'd Comi'cons 
were alike mutatis mutandis. 

(52.) Admitts pltes. Tho s Penn's embarking & residence in 
pensilv", as in y° Bill set forth, & his carrying w th him y e pltes. 
Comi'con & 1 pt. of y e Arts s executed as af d , & y' y e Deft, sent 
by y e same ship his Comi'con to his Dep'ty Gov r in Maryland. 
& soon after arriv'd there himself. 

(53.) Denys he endeavor'd to deprive y e pltes. of any benefit 
w ch might result to y m by s'd A7-t s , nor hath he or his Com r< 
us'd any arts to evade y e same, or prevent y e run'ing y e Ivines. 

Denys y' any of his Com rs , or their near Relation, were pos- 
s'ed of any unlocated Grants under him for large Tracts of 
Land, or y 1 any of y ,u was in hopes of laying y e same out on 
good Lands w th in pensilv 8 , & s'd 3 Low' Countys, but were pre- 
vented by s'd Art 9 , as in y e Bill alledged. 

Denys he was induced to fly from s'd Agreem' by y e advice 
or entreaty of any of s'd Com' 8 , or others pos'ed of such un- 
seated Grants as in y e Bill, or y' any of y m ever wrote or de- 
clared y' if Deft, wo'd break s'd Agreem', they wo'd raise y 
5,000£, or any pt. thereof, or y' if such Bounds so agreed on 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 407 

were to be run, they cod not then Locate their large Grants 
upon such valuable Lands as they hop'd to do by encroachm', 
or to any such effect. 

Denys he wrote or advised w th any p'sons in w' inan'er to 
avoid run'ing s'd Lines & at same time not to incurr y e s'd 5,000£ 
forfeiture, nor was any such method found out or resolution 
adhered to by Deft., or any of his Coin' 5 , for preventing carry- 
ing y said agreem 1 into execu'con, as by y e Bill alledged. 

Says it has long been and now is y e constant method in 
Maryland & other provinces to Issue out warr" for a certain 
number of Acres w ,h in Maryland at large, not taken up w th out 
specifying where they lye, & leave such Grantees at lib'ty to 
find out & appropriate y c same in such places \v th in s'd province, 
not before taken up, as they like best, & believes y l many such 
Maryland warr 13 may be extant, but are now of no man'er of 
force, nor can any Lands be taken up under y'", for y' it hath 
been for 15 y ls past y e usual practice of y e Deft. & his offic rs to 
make void all warr ,s under w ch no Lands were taken up w th in 
a time by frequent proclama'cons issued for y' purpose, lim- 
itted, & y c reason for not suffering such unlocated warr 13 to 
stand out, is for y' it is y e usual practice to issue a Grant upon 
such warr'* immediately upon their being Located, & there- 
upon to pay a Fine to y v Deft, as proprietor. 

Says it is not possible for him to form any belief w' p'ticular 
Grants, or of wt p'ticular Quantitys are in y e hands of any 
p son or p'sons in Maryland, such Grants when made being as- 
signable from one to another. 

Denys he knows or believes y' any Disappointm ts in appro- 
priating such Lands were any inducem' to any of his Com rs 
not to Complete y e s'd agreem', but y° true reason why it was 
not carry 'd pompleatly into execu'con was, as he believes, ow- 
ing to y c pltes. Com rs Conduct, & the diff'ence in opinion on w' 
happen' d between y m & y l Deft 8 Com rs ab l run'ing y e Circle 
round Newcastle & y c Dimen'cons of such Circle as herein after 
men' 1 . 

(54, 55, & 56.) Believes y L meetings of y e Com rs were begun at 
New Town, in Maryland, y e 6 th Octo r , 1732. & were continued 
to y e 24 ,h Nov r . 1733, at y e sev 1 Times & places as in y e Bill, but 
not being present can'ot set them forth p'ticularly. 

Denys y e Transac'cons between y e Com rs were so, or y r y e same 
were done by Deft 5 Com rs w Ul y" views & designs, as represented 
in y e Bill, or w th any fraudulent design w'soev r , nor can he set 
forth y e same in any other man'er than as he hath hereinafter, 
he not knowing anything thereof otherwise than as he has been 
inform'd by his Com r \ w ch acco 1 so given him by his Com" he 
believes to be true, & is as follows, viz'. : That on y e 6 th & 7 th 



408 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

Octo r , 1732, a Quorum of y e Com™ on each side met & Ad- 
journ' d to Newcastle Town the 30 th same Octo r , and then met 
acc'dingly, & Deft 3 Com rs insisting to have y e Chart r of pen- 
silv :l & ffeoffm* for Newcastle produced, y e 2 d Article of y e 
Agreem' directing y e Com rs to run out y e Circle men d in s'd Chart* 
& ffeoffm 1 at 12 miles Distance from Newcastle, y e pltes. Com rs 
produced Copys thereof, & a Dispute arising where they shod 
fix y c Center of y e Circle, they Adjourn d to 1 st Feb r y. 

(57 & 58. ) And then met & resuming s'd dispute ab' y e Circle 
to be run ab 1 Newcastle. y c Deft 8 Com™ prevail 'd upon y e pltes. 
Com™ to agree to Consult & hear Mathematicians on each side, 
& after some debate & Adjournm ts thereon y e Deft 8 Com™ at y e 
req' of y e pl tes Com™ reduced y c matter in dispute into writing. 
& deliver d it to y e pl tes Com™, & on y e 3 d ffeb r y a Quorum of y e 
Com™ on each side (after some delay in y e pl tes Com™) met again, 
& Deft 8 Com™ produced & read to y e pl ,es Com™ y e Answ r of 
their Mathematicians to y e matter in dispute, whereupon one 
of y e p'ltes. Com™ withdrew by reason whereof there was not 
a Sufft, Quor'm of y c p'ltes Com™ left to proceed upon Busi- 
ness, upon w ch y e Deft 8 (Join™ after staying a consid'ble time in 
hopes y' either y e Com™ who had w"'drawn himself or some other 
of y e pl ,es Com™ wo'd have conif, there being then 5 of y e pl les 
Com rs in y e Town, but none of them comeing, they Complain'd 
thereof to y e 2 Com™ of y e pl tes y' were left, & y' if they delay 'd 
comeing any longer they must quit y" place & protest ag l y e 
pltes. Com" non-attendance, to w ch y° 2 Com' 8 for pltes. say'd 
Mr. Hamilton was ill of y e Gout, and not able to attend, where- 
upon Defts. Com™ offer'd to go to him if pltes. s'd 2 Com™ 
desir'd it, but they not agreeing to it, Defts. Com™ after wait- 
ing some time longer to no purpose, & it being 35 minutes after 
12 o'clock, & they having heard y' one of y e pltes. Com™ had 
Declared at y e meeting before y' ye Affair to be Transacted be- 
tween y m wo'd not end there, but must be earry'd to England, 
from whence & their wilfully neglecting to attend, y e Defts 
Com™ were fully satisfy'd y' ye pltes. Com™ had no other in- 
tent than to break off any further proceedings tow ds extend- 
ing s'd Agreem 1 , & therefore y e Defts" Com™ before one of y e 
pltes. Com™ (ye other being also w'Nlrawn,) protested ag' ye 
non-attendance of y e pltes. Com™ reserving all advantage w oh 
might accrue thereby to y e Deft. & then left y e place & returned 
to Maryland. 

(59 ) Admitts he was then in Maryland, & y\ on y e 15"' of 
ffebry, he wrote a L're to y e Uov' of Pensilv a , setting forth y e 
attendance of his, & y e non-attendance of y e pltes Com™ , & y» 
were he to take advantage thereof, he might disregard any 
further notice of s'd agreem", & intitle himself to s'd Forfeiture, 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 409 

but being fortunately there in p'son, he cou'd recede, in some 
measure, from y e advantage he had got, w ch his Com rs cou'd 
not, & signify'd y' he was willing, & had given direc'cons to 
his Com" to meet y e pltes. Oom rs on y e I s ' of May, at Joppa, in 
Maryland, but \v th this salvo of all advantage, he might claim, 
by pltes. Com" non-attendance on y e 3 d ffeb rv , as af d . 

(60.) Says y\ on y e 28 lh March, 1733, y- pltes. Com" wrote to 
y* Deft 8 Com", telling y m y l tho' they, y e pltes. Com", did not 
punctually Attend y e s'd 3' 1 ffeb rv , ace 'ding to the Adjournm', 
y' yet y' Afternoon they were ready to Attend, & had given y e 
Deft* Com" notice thereof, & had serv'd y m w ,h notice to meet 
y 5 th of y 1 ffeb'\ but y 1 they had refus'd to Attend, & by s'd 
L're gave Deft 8 Com" notice y' they wo'd be ready to meet at 
Newcastle, y e 16 th of April, to w ch Defts. Com" wrote for answ r , 
y l they were ready to renew their meetings, (under a reser- 
va con of Defts. Benefit to y e Forfeiture, ) & giving pltes. Com" 
notice y' they wo'd meet >"" at Joppa, 1 st Monday in May, 
agreeable to Defts. s'd Letter. 

(61. ) And on y e 7 th , 8 th , & 0' 1 ' May, 1733, y e Com" on both sides 
met at Joppa, & Deft, askt pltes. Com" if they had procure! 
y opinion of any Mathematician on y e Question in Dispute, 
upon w'-' 1 ' pltes. Com" insisted they were not to Consult mathe- 
maticians, or regard y e Charf of pensilv a , or ffeoffin 1 of New- 
castle, but only y e Art 8 of Agreem'. But Defts. Com" again in- 
sisted y l y 2' 1 Article of s'Agreemt, had plain referrenceto s'd 
Charter & ffeoffmts, & y l they must insist on explaining y e na- 
ture of y e Circle, to be drawn agreeable to such referrence & 
y e opinion of their mathem ns , unless y° pltes. Com" cou'd satisfy 
y ,u of y e error of such opinion. w ,h y* of other mathem" 5 , w ch 
pltes. Com" refused to do, & after along debate they agreed to 
meet at Mr. Norris's, in philada. . y e 2l jt May, w th a proviso y< 
the Defts Com" cou'd return from Burlington (where they were 
then going in time, but they not returning from thence in 
time, did, y' 2V" May, give pltes. Com" notice to meet at Mr. 
Norris's y e next day, w oh theyaccd'gly did, & Defts being speed- 
ily to go for England, it wo'd be inconvenient for his Com" to 
meet in June, as was before agreed on, & y c Heats in y c Sum'er 
mo s wo'd render it unsafe to go upon run'ing y c Lines, they, 
therefore, Adjourn d to 3 d Sepf. at Newcastle. 

(62 & 63. ) That on y e 3 rl Sepf", y° Com", on both sides, met at 
Newcastle, &stay'd there 4 Days, Debating ab't y° Dimen'cons 
of y e Circle to be run, y e Defts. Com" insisting it must be y° 
Circle described in s'd ffeoffin 1 of Newcastle, whose Circumfer- 
ence is 12 miles, & Diameter, somew 1 less than 4 miles ; whereas, 
pltes. Com" insisted it must be a Circle to be drawn at y e dis- 
tance of 12 miles from Newcastle, & v l such a Circle, whose 



410 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

radius was 12 miles, was y e only Circle they wou'd run, & in- 
sisted to reject all assistance from Mathemat 8 , as unnecessary, 
t differing thus in their sentim ,s ab' s'd Circle, y e Com rs , on 
both sides, agreed to adjourn for further Considera'con thereof, 
to y e 14 th Nov r . 

(04.) That on y" s'd 14"' Nov 1 , they aeedg'ly met, & y e same 
diff'ence in opinion still continuing, that & y e 2 next days, y e 
Defts. Com rs , on y" 1G" 1 Nov r , rinding nothing could be done ab' 
y e Circle, proposed to pltes. Com" to go to Cape Hinlopen, in 
order to proceed as farr as they cou'd tow ds y e execu'con of s'd 
Agreeni' in running y e East & West Line, but wou'd not be 
agreed to by y c pltes Com' 5 till y° run'ing y c Circle was com- 
pleted, & so continued sitting till y" 24"' Nov r , & neither side 
receding from their opinion, & pltes. Com" refusing to take y e 
advice of mathemat 1 ', & y e Defts. Com" seeing nothing cou'd 
be effectually done, were obliged, & did at last agree w lh y e pltes. 
Coin" to break up their meeting w lh out further Adjournment, 
& y e Com", on both sides, then agreed to, & sign'd an Instrum' 
or mem'dm for y* purpose, setting forth their diff'ence in 
Judgm' ab' y e Circle, &c. , & so y c 25 th Dec r , 1783, came w"'out 
anything being done tow" 5 run'ing y l 's'd Lines, or Circle, acc'd- 
ing to s'd agreem'. 

(85. ) Says he can'ot set forth y c Transac'cons between his & 
pltes. Com" iu any other man'er than as before, save y l he hath 
rec d from his Com" sev 1 papers purporting to contain an acco' 
of w 1 pass'd between his & pltes. Com", to have been deliv' to 
each other at sev 1 of their meetings, Copys whereof Deft, hath 
set forth in y- schedule to this, his answe'. 

Says he arrived in New England, 3 d Sept', 1732, & got to Mary- 
land 14"' Nov r . 

Denys he ev r heard y' his Coin" made any of y' Cavils, or ob- 
jec'cons in y e Bill set forth, or y' they acted in any other man'er 
than as before men d , & Denys he was privy to all, or any of y e 
designs of his Com", or y' he previously directed, approv'd, 
or was acquainted w"' any of their Doubts, scruples, or ob- 
jec'cons, till they sent him an Ace' w l passed at their sev 1 meet- 
ings; and denys he knows, believes, or has heard it was y e in- 
ten'con of all, or any of his s'd Com", to defeat y c riming y e lines, 
as Charg'd in y e Bill, or y' they ever endeavour'd to p'suade 
him not to p'form s'd Art , or that he was in any way induced 
to desire, or intend y' s'd agreem't shod not be carry 'd in to 
execu'con, or consulted any p'son how y° execu'con thereof 
might be avoided till such time as he was clearly convinced he 
had been g'tly Imposed on therein by >"' pltes, w oh he discovered 
during his stay in Maryland: but after such Imposi'con dis- 



BOUNDARY QUESTION. 411 

cover'd & his arrival back in England, he admits he took y c 
opinion of sev 1 Council thereon. 

Saith he approves of y e s'd Sev 1 proceedings of his s'd Coin", y e 
same being agreeable to his opinion, & y e justice of y e Case, as 
he believes, & y' they acted w" 1 y' Candor, Fairness & Dispatch 
w ch he intended they shod do when he executed s'd Agreem', 
on 10"' May, 1732. 

Says y l in regard he was overreached by y e pltes. in s'd 
agreemt., & gt'y misled by s'd map, he hopes y c s'd agreemt. 
shall not be Carryd into execu'con, but if this Court be of opin- 
ion it shou'd, then he insists y' Circle ah' Newcastle ought to be 
one whose periphery only is 12 miles, & whose semi diameter is 
2 miles, & not a semi diameter of 12 miles, as pltes. insist, & 
denys y' at any pt. y e sev 1 times of reading his s'd notes or pro 
posals pending y s'd Treaty, or at y e executing y e s'd agreem 1 
of 10"' May, 1733, he ever meant y' y e Circle agreed upon shou'd 
be 12 miles Diameter. 

Believes y° Com'% in case no diff'ence of Judgm' had arose 
between them, might, in 4 weeks at a proper season, have run 
out & markt y e Circle & Lines men' 1 in s'd agreem'. 

(66.) Answerd p'tea fo. 

(67. ) Admits he caused to be presented to his pr'sent Ma'ty 
a peti'con. y" 8"' Augt., 1734, as in y° Bill men d , praying a Con- 
firmatory Grant of such pts. of s'd pen'sula as are contain 'd 
w th in y limittsof his s'd Chart', notw"'standing s'd words, Hac 
tenus Inculta, in y recital, but denys y' any falsitys were al- 
ledgd therein, or any omissions of things necessary on his pt. 
to be laid before his Ma'ty, & y l y e reason why he did not 
inen'con therein y c pltes., nor their Fa r , nor pensilv", nor s'd 3 
Low 1 Countys, nor anything of s*d agreem 1 of May, 1732, was 
because y e same were no ways material to set forth therein, & 
yi yc re ason why he incerted in s'd peti'con y' there was such a 
report or ord r in Council of 4"' April, 1638, relateing to W" 
Clayborne & y c Isle of Kent, was because such ord r appears en- 
ter 'd in y° Books as of record at y e Board of Trade, & was tho't 
pertinent to y e pray r of his peti'con, & Denys y' anything was 
purposely omitted w"' respect to y c ' report of y' Oomittee of 
Trade in 1685, or any other respect. 

Admitts y e pits. Jno. Penn might be gone for America when 
Deft, presented his s'd peti'con, but did not know it, his going 
from England being in a private man'er, & denys he expected 
any advantage by his & pltes. Tho 3 Perm's absence, but w th out 
any regard thereto presented s'd peti'con as soon as possible he 
cou'd after his arrival from Maryland. 

Admitts he did preferr s'd peti'con in order to obtain a Con- 
firmatory Grant of s'd 3 Low' Countys for his own use & ad- 



412 PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND 

vantage, & not as a Trustee for y e pltes. , he apprehending they 
had no right thereto., & y l y e same was clearly compriz'd in y e 
limitts of the s'd original Maryland Chart'. Denys he knew 
or believed when he presented s'd peti'con, upon fair repre- 
senta'con of y e Case, his Ma'ty wo'd not Grant it, or y' for that, 
or any other reason, he concealed anything material to be set 
forth, & saith y e reason why he took no notice in s'd petition 
of any Improvem'ts of y e pltes. in 3 Low' Countys, or their 
pretended poss'ion of y ra was because he did not know of any 
such Improvem ts of y e pltes. there & for y l such a limitted pos- 
s'on as pltes. have had in 3 Low r Countys was, as he appre- 
hended, no man'er of evidence of any right thereto, & there- 
fore not material or necessary for him to state in s'd peti'con, 
nor was it necessary or proper to state therein any of y e facts 
or matters alledged in y e Bill to be omitted, nor was s'd 
peti'con framed w th any such design as in y e Bill suggested. 

Says y l such applica'con to his Ma'ty was farr from being any 
surprize upon y e pltes., for y l he himself p'sonally acquainled 
Mr. Parris, y e pltes. Soll r , w th it before s'd peti'con was pre- 
sented, & y l y e reason why he men'cons therein y e ord r of 4 th 
April, 1(338, relateing to y e Isle of Kent, was because it lyes on 
v' Western side of s'd Pen'sula, & is only divided therefrom in 
one pt. by a narrow run of water, & y c ord r directing y 1 no 
Grants sho'd be made of any Lands w^in y e limitts of s'd Mary- 
land Chart*, (tho' it was