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J)ennsi|luaitta- German 





LEBANON, OCT. 22, 1903 

Vol. XIV ft 

IH/BLISHKD lt\ nil >i h II I N 



publication Committee. 

Copyrighted 1905 


Ipcnnsxjlrania-Ocrman Sccictr. 

PQfSS 0' 





Officers of the Society \ 

Minutes of Meeting at Lebanon j 

Address of Welcome by Hon. Lee L. Grumbine 6 

Greeting from the City of Lebanon by Mayor Abraham Hess. i - 

Response by General John E. Roller 14 

President's Address, Rev. Joseph A. Seis^ 24 

tv Report of Secretary, H. M. M. Richards 36 

I Report of Treasurer, Julius F. Sachse 37 

c^ Election of Officers 

-J Lebanon and its Environs; A Brief Historical Sketch 

Complimentary Musical Recital, Zion Evangelical Lutheran 

Church 5" 

Obituaries 53 


? mszsss 

^ lPenn5^lvanta — The German Influence in its Settljc- 
^> ment and development: 

Daniel Falckner's "Cuiueuse Nachricht from Pi kn« 
sylvania" — The Book that Stimulated the Great I 
man Emigration to Pennsylvania in the E:iriy Years ol 

1 the XVIII Century 

Record of the Marriages in the St. Michabi is khb 
Evangelical Lutheran Congregation in Pmu * 



FOR 1903-1904 

President : 
Rev. John S. Stahr, D.D. 

Vice-Presidents : 

Henry Clay Grittixger, 

Ira Christian Sciiock. 

Secretary : 
H. M. M. Richards. 

Treasurer : 
Julius F. Sachse, Litt. D. 

Executive Committee : 

Rev. L. Kryder Evans, D.D., 
Dr. John Franklin Mkntzer. 

Dr. Daniel \V. Xead, 
Hon. Maurice C. Eby. 


Frank Ried Diffenderffer, Litt. D., 

Hon. Lee L. Grumbine, 


Thomas C., 

Abraham S. Schropp. 


Rev. Theodore E. Schmauk, D.D., 

Rfv. Nathan C. Sciiaeffkr, Ph.D.. D.D. 


or THE 

Pennsylvania-German Society 



Held at Lebanon, Pa. 

On Thursday, October 22, 1903 

^**HE Executive Commitee of the Society held its usual 
^^ quarterly meeting in the office of the Hon. Lee L. 
Grumbine, 811 Cumberland Street, on Wednesday even- 
ing, October 21, for the transaction of its business. 

Morning Session. 
The Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania- 
German Society was held in the Salem Memorial Lutheran 
Chapel, at Eighth and Willow Streets, Lebanon, Pa., on 
Thursday, October 22, 1903, and was attended by an un- 
usually large number of members and friends. 

6 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

The gathering was called to order by the President, the 
Rev. Joseph A. Seiss, DD., LL.D., L.H.D., at 9 :oo A'. M. 

The Rev. F. J. F. Schantz, D.D., of Myerstown, I 
offered the opening prayer, which was followed by an ad- 
dress of welcome, on behalf of the resident members of the 
Society, delivered by the Hon. Lee L. Grumbine. 

Address of Welcome. 
Mr, President, Jellozv members of the Pennsy ha nia- Ger- 
man Society, ladies and gentlemen : 

When Oliver Cromwell returned to London after the 
subjugation of Ireland, the acclaim and welcome with 
which he was received is very graphically de-cribed by 
Hood in his life of the great " Protector." u On Houn- 
slow Heath," the account states, he was met by General 
Fairfax, many Members of Parliament and oincers of the 
Army and multitudes of the common people. Coming to 
Hyde Park he was received by the Lord Mayor and cor- 
poration of the city of London, the great guns were 6red 
off (just as some of these will be fired off here, to-day, 
according to this program), and Colonel Barkstead's regi- 
ment which was drawn up for that purpose, gave him 
several volleys with their small arms. Thus in a triumph- 
ant manner he entered London amid a crowd of attendants, 
and was received with the highest acclamations. It was 
while he rode thus in state through London that Oil 
replied to some sycophantic person who had observed — 
" What a crowd comes out to see your Lordship's triumph !" 
11 Yes, but if it were to see me hanged how many more 
would there be 1" 

Doubtless the hanging of some of us would have brought 
together a greater crowd, but that fact alone would be no 
index of the esteem in which we are held or of the welcome 

Address of Welcome. 7 

which the people of Lebanon extend to you. They love 
the Pennsylvania-German Society, because they look upon 
it in a sense as their own child; for while the mere acci- 
dent of birth took place in our sister city of Lane; 
real credit of parentage is accorded to the city which lays 
its welcome, its hospitality and its freedom at your feet 
to-day. In the record as it is written by the Society, in 
its first volume of proceedings, in the introductory account 
of the beginnings of the movement which culminated in 
the organization of this Society the fact is chronicled that 
44 during the months of December, 1890, and January, 
1891, articles appeared in various journals throughout 
Eastern Pennsylvania, the earliest being in the Lebanon 
Report, followed by the New Era, of Lancaster, and the 
Philadelphia Inquirer, advocating the formation of a Penn- 
sylvania German Society " ; so that while the region em- 
braced within the county of Lebanon furnished a refuge 
among the earliest and most hospitable, to the brave spirits 
who came from the Fatherland, the city of Lebanon is 
conceded to be the very fountain-head of the movement 
which has resulted in the magnificent work of the organi- 
zation which she proudly and cordially receives within her 
walls and welcomes to her altars, her firesides and her 
festal boards to-day. And without any suggestion of the 
Prodigal's return, though he may have sojourned in Ilarns- 
burg and other evil places, we have figuratively killed the 
fatted calf to celebrate your glad coming, and we propose 
from our side to give the day and the night over to rejoic- 
ing, to merry-making, to fraternal greeting, to test:. 
to good cheer, to music, to song, and to hospitality- . 
small return for the honor and the friendship and the dis- 
tinction and the eloquence and all the other blessings and 
advantages which you deign to bestow upon us by your com- 

8 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

It is a matter of genuine personal regret to me that the 
membership of this Society does not as yet include the 
ladies, although I read nothing in the prescribed qualifi- 
cations for membership that would exclude them. I would 
count it a privilege and a joy indeed to improve a real favor- 
able opportunity, or more appropriately speaking to embrace 
the opportunity of demonstrating my faculty to accord a 
warm and hearty welcome to the ladies, if I had but half 
a chance. But although we do not as yet extend to them 
the privilege of membership, like the poor they are always 
with us anyhow, and by inviting them we show our appre- 
ciation of that true and wise saying ot the seer of the 
Fatherland, the poet Goethe, when he writes : " Der Urn- 
gang mit Frauen is das Element guter Sitten/' 

And so I would say to the ladies, if not exactly in an 
official way nevertheless I assure them that it is none the 
less heartily spoken : 

" Come in the evening or come in the morning, 
Come when you're looked for or come without warning, 
Kisses and welcome you'll find here before you, 
And the oftener you come here the more we'll adore you.'' 

I hardlv conceive it to be my province in discharging 
this function of the program to speak to you about the 
work of the Society either past or future. That speaks 
for itself. I might talk to you about the glories, the 
beauties and the superior advantages of this fine old town 
but considerations of commiseration and humanity bid me 
spare the feelings of those who do not live hero. I might 
tell you of the municipal privileges and public utili 
which we enjoy here, the finely paved streets, the excellent 
public schools, the unparalled water supply, the delight- 
some fortune of being spared all trouble and annoyance in 

Address of Welcome. n 

the management of public affairs by having them done 
ready made by one or two of our public-spirited political 
bosslets ; which of course bears with it the corresponding 
blessing of high taxes and plenty of them, but his honor the 
Mayor is here, who will follow me in extending to you the 
freedom of the city, and I must not anticipate him. 

I might, in imagination, take you in a historical automo- 
bile so to speak, and whisk you through the attractive 
domains of our County Historical Societv, to show you 
for example the old hat of old Steitz, the founder of old 
Steitze ; the old kitchen stove of old Alexander Schae: 
of Schaefferstown ; the old corn-cob pipe of old Frederick 
Stump, of Stumpstown ; or the baptismal register of Ann, 
of Annville, and thus enable you to work out that all- 
absorbing problem concerning the age of that conspicuous 
and interesting and enigmatical young female; but mv 
Brother Croll, the real historian of the bailiwick, has 
promised to do something of that sort this afternoon, and 
I must not trespass on his preserves. 

I might point you to the various manufactures and indus- 
tries of this town, which have given it the name of the 
Iron City, where old Vulcan and the cunning Loge with 
his host of Niebelungen have been forging wealth and 
wonderful things out of the sun's heat, for the happ:: 
and the comfort of mankind; but Mr. Grittinger knows 
vastly more about those matters than I could tell you, and 
he will regale vou with some such account this afternoon, 
on the little excursion which the watchful and hospitable 
committee of arrangements have planned for the delecta- 
tion of their distinguished guests. 

And lastly, and what would be the most agreeable I 
that I could allot myself, I might paint for your imagina- 
tion in phrase of oriental imagery, in grand and stately 

j O The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

prose or in the measured strophes of the knightly trouba- 
dour, the charms and the loveliness and the beautv o: 
women of Lebanon ; but after you see them and hear them 
at the concert and at the banquet to-night mv poor descrip- 
tion would fall so far short of the reality that I would he 
plunged into irretrievable disgrace for making the attempt. 
Besides I don't care about getting into trouble at home ! 

Over a century and a half ago as the clans — not of the 
Campbells and the Morgans — but of the Fatherland in- 
vaded this beautiful valley for the first time along the banks 
of the Schuylkill and the Tulpehocken from the east, or, 
the silvery Swatara and the babbling Quittapahilla from 
the west, or as the wondering pioneer crossed over either 
mountain range to the north or south, and beheld the fair 
Lebanon Valley stretching before his enraptured eve like 
a garden of the Lord, and his adventurous spirit saw for 
the first time the virgin forests which lay before him like 
the noble cedars of Lebanon, with the distant mountains 
glittering in the sun or shrouded in the silvery mists of the 
morning, picturing to his pious imagination the snow- 
capped range of Libanos or Anti-Libanos, there was none 
to bid him welcome but the hungry howl of the panther 
and the inhospitable tomahawk of the " first citizen " ; and 
I for one feel like congratulating myself on not being asked 
to make the address of welcome on that occasion. I 
trying to imagine what sort of a figure some of you would 
cut if you had come here under those circumstances ; and 
call your attention to what they missed at that time in not 
beincr members of the Pennsvlvania-German Societv and 
being welcomed and entertained in this more modern 

Different now is the scene which meets the traveler's eye. 
Glorious pictures of peace and plenty before him lie ; 

Address of Welcome. \ i 

Endless acres of wealth and industry, far and wide 
Stretching out 'long the course of the stream on either side, 
Acres of fat fruition by the world's best husbandry tilled, 
Barns that are bursting with riches, houses with comforts filled ; 
Hillsides clad in golden mantles of nod. ling grain, — 
Magic transmutation of the sunshine and the rain; 
Orchards laden with fruit, and fields of the waving corn, 
Blushing in the sunrise when kissed by the dews of the morn ; 
Landscape dotted with valley and hamlet ; and white church spire, 
Silently pointing the pilgrim to the life beyond that is higher. 
Virtue, contentment and thrift here in peace and unity dwell ; 
Voices of air and wood in chorus their gladness tell ; 
Nature, and bounty of heaven, and labor of man unite 
Every creature to please and every sense to delight. 

To-day as the clans of the Dutch invade this fair scene 
now teeming with wealth and dotted with citv, town and 
village and hamlet, for the second and the third time, as 
they come not with Conestoga wagon or on foot, but in the 
stately caravans drawn along the river curves and moun- 
tain bends by iron horse, with the smoke of countless shops 
and factories ascending like grateful incense to a smiling 
Providence it is my extreme delight to welcome you to the 
hearths and the hearts of the people of Lebanon ; and . 
Portia I say to you " Sirs, you are welcome to our house : 
It must appear in other ways than words, therefore I scant 
this breathing courtesy." And I trust, ere the day is out, 
you will feel like answering back in the language of Pan- 
dora, in Longfellow's " Masque of Pandora," as siie 
replied to Epimetheus : 

" How beautiful is this house ! The atmosphere 
Breathes rest and comfort, and the many chambers 
Seem full of welcome." 

On behalf of the city of Lebanon its mayor, the Hon. 
Abram Hess, then extended the following cordial grec: 

12 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

Greeting from the City of Lebanon. 
To the Gentlemen of the Pennsylvania- German Society. 

If I understand aright my function upon this plea- 
occasion, it is to add the official greeting, so to speak. : 
the City of Lebanon, to the welcomes you -have already 
received and will receive. It is in a figurative wav to 
extend to you the keys of the City. 

My duty is collateral. It is coincident with the handing 
over to you the keys to the hearts of our citizens. Or 
haps it is subsequent rather than coincident. For, upon 
second thought, I am inclined to think you possessed 
" Open Sesame " to our hearts and affections, even before 
you arrived within our gates. In truth, the duties of this 
occasion, pleasing though they be, may be regarded as 
merely formal and non-essential. You know from the 
nature of things that you need no special assurance from 
me or from any one else, of the welcome for visiting 
Pennsylvania-Germans that dwells in every true Lebanon 
heart and you can quickly infer that the freedom of this 
municipality is yours without the asking. 

How could it be otherwise in the town reputed to have 
been founded by one who bore the name oi George St 

I do not need to tell you of this and like illustrious names 
and what they stand for in the past or what they stand for 
in this day and generation. I do not need to speak of 
Lebanonions' pride of ancestry, the pride that rests upon 
their sturdy German origin ; the pride that flows from rec- 
ognition to-day in themselves of those attributes that tell of 
Teutonic stock, unmistakable even where occasionally 
blended with other strains. I need not do all this nor could 
I becomingly in this presence, before this audience where 
are so many competent to give instructions upon this fruit- 
ful theme, rather than receive information from me. 

Greeting from City of Lebanon. 13 

It is not my purpose to trespass upon forbidden pre- 
serves. There are at hand those who are rarely qualil 
delightfully competent, not only to recount all that is 
known of our beloved Pennsylvania-German blood, 
whose scholastic achievements, learning, research and 
natural gifts, oratorical and otherwise, can enable them to 
add to the sum total of knowledge along this line, su 
have reason to believe they will do ere final adjournment ot 
these annual sessions is reached. 

I am aware then of the presumption that would be in- 
volved in my alluding to the purposes of this assembly, 
further than in mere illustration of the message it is r. 
to convey, and a message at that, which you already com- 
prehend ; the message which a Pennsylvania-German 
community gives to Pennsylvania-Germans, assembled to 
do honor to an ancestry to which all alike lay claim a: 
which all alike rejoice. For even in an official capa 
this human side of the question must assert itself. 
quaint and often misconstrued expression, that a corpora- 
tion has no soul, may invite the comment that a munici- 
pality is but a corporation and that speaking as the repre- 
sentative of such, I might not have the latitude acco: 
some other, to whom is committed likewise the plea- g 
task of uttering words of greeting. But whatever 
ancient legal commentator may have meant in his allusion 
to the soullessness of corporations, and, by parity oi 
soning, of municipalities, I here aver that the municip 
of Lebanon has a soul and it has a heart, and that the} 
both Pennsylvania-German. 

When Pennsylvania-Germans invade Lebanon it is like 
the historic invasion of Holland by the Dutch. It is en- 
tirely within bounds to say that Lebanon surrenders to the 
besieging party on sight, and when the invasion is over 

14 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

and the invaders have gone, will gladly bid them to c 
and capture us again. 

The response to these kindly greetings was most 
made by General John E. Roller, of Harrisonburg, 

Response on Behalf of the Pennsylvania-German 
Society by General John E. Roller, to i 
Address of Welcome to the Society 
the City of Lebanon, Pa. 
In one of the most thrilling and interesting narrative 
personal experiences in the late war, written bv an old 
comrade, which has just come from the press, under the 
title of " Four Years Under Marse Robert," the 
told, how one of the most distinguished Generals o: 
Army of Northern Virginia, an old time governor o: 
State of Virginia, then the commander of a divisioi 
that army, and afterwards Governor of the State of 
ginia for a second term, had the honor to march in: 
old city of York, the band by his order, playing 4< Di 
and then " Yankee Doodle," and so on alternately, and 
how he bowed to the pretty girls as he saw them or. 
right and on the left, and made himself as gracious and 
as acceptable as he ever was in the Old Dominion, 
how the people gathered around him, and the old fcl 
made a characteristic stump speech to them, and was en- 
thusiastically cheered by the audience. 

The story is told too in reference to the visit of the A: 
of Northern Virginia to Pennsylvania: how the child 
who had at first thought it necessary to hide for fear of 
the rebels, of whose ferociousness wonderful stories had 
been told them, soon began to find out that they 
but men, after all, and of kindly heart and temper.;:: 
and my comrade tells how he himself captured one I 

Response by General Roller. 15 

boy, five or six years of age, who had hidden at first under 
his bed clothes, and how he soon had him in his lap. 
how they became the best of friends. He tells also that 
as they sat there, a little brother of some ten or twelve 
summers burst into the gate, breathless with excitement, 
exclaiming, " Oh ! Mother, mother may Lgo over into the 
Camp with the rebels? They are the nicest men I 
saw and they are going to camp right out here in the 
woods, and they are going to have a dance, too." The 
boy had gotten among the Creoles of the Louisiana Troops, 
who were accustomed to end their march with a pin 
on the greensward, and the fame of whose " stag dan, 
which came, at any time after a great march, or just before 
a big battle, were the theme of the whole army. 

If such incidents could occur in the time of the £reat 
civil war, why may not an old rebel make his appearance 
in the old State of Pennsylvania and respond, on h 
of his historical associates and brethren, to an address of 
welcome from the City of Lebanon? Your own Governor 
is my far away kinsman. I live in the old residence of 
Isaac Pennypacker of Pennsylvania-German stock, 
was at one time United States Senator from Virginia and 
Judge of our Federal Court. I bear in my veins some of 
the Pennypacker blood, and am descended from Pennsyl- 
vania ancestors in every line. At Ephrata, !a>r yt 
one of the speakers at the unveiling of the mom: 
the Revolutionary soldiers buried there, I was introduced 
as a " great grandson of Lancaster County" because my 
great grandfather had been baptised in the old first church 
in that historic city, and when Governor Pennypacker I 
year or two since sent me a copy of his historical article 
on Massachusetts, he accompanied it with an epigram which 
to me is one of the most pleasing and acceptable that I 

1 6 The Pen?isylva?iia-Ger?nan Society. 

have ever had sent me. It is this : " Virginia and Penn- 
sylvania, the two states that have bred the soldiers and 
fought the wars of America." 

It is a fact well known to those who have given the sub- 
ject any investigation whatever — the true historians of 
the land — that prior to the time when the Alleghenies 
could be crossed and settlements made beyond them with 
safety, the great stream of exploration and discovers* and 
of internal emigration, in the Colonies, was along wholly 
different lines, from the highways, which were opened 
later. The routes, which the ancestors of a large element 
of our people followed in settling the country east of the 
great Appalachian chain of mountains are to me, and to 
the members of this Society, of far deeper interest than the 
paths by which, later on, they crossed the same mountains. 
As an illustration of my meaning it may be mentioned that 
one of the most interesting queries of the day is this : From 
what direction was the great Valley of the Shenandoah in 
the Old Dominion settled? That the first white man who 
ever looked upon it came from the East is established be- 
yond all doubt, by that rare and interesting publication, 
the " Journal of John Lederer"; and it must not be for- 
gotten, too, that he was of German descent, yet from what 
quarter the first of the actual settlers came is not so clear. 
If Adam Miller of the " Great Shenandoah " was the first 
settler, the records of the Perkiomen Region show that he 
came to Virginia from the Valley of Perkiomen, near Phil- 
adelphia. If Henry Funk was the first settler, then the 
fact that he had a child named for the noted Kelpius pr 
that he also came into the Shenandoah Valley from Penn- 
sylvania on the North. If Maria Elizabeth Gerber, a fol- 
lower of Kelpius, she to whom he addressed M in Vir- 
ginia " in 1704, a long epistle, warning her against the 

Response by General Roller. 17 

doctrines and practices of the Quakers, was the rirst or 
among the first of the settlers of that historic region, she 
must have come also from the proximity of the cell of the 
hermit on the Wissahickon. 

It must be admitted that this data is exceedingly meager 
and fragmentary at best, and that the inferences to be de- 
duced thereform are but shadowy and inconclusive. But 
they become much more significant as time has elapsed ; 
and as nothing to contradict them has come before us, they 
have grown to be conclusive. 

There cannot be a shadow of a doubt that later on when 
the great stream of emigration began to tind its way into 
the Valley, crossing the Potomac at the Point of Ro 
or farther West at the Shallow Ford, at Shepherdstown, or 
at the noted crossing at the mouth of Conococheague, or 
Falling Waters, it followed the line of travel which had 
been established within the mountains by the pioneers of 
that day, and pursuing these rugged paths, into the South 
and South-west, they found homes, and settled in many 
of the valleys of the great mountains that shut then 1 . 
The more adventurous of these restless spirits pushed on 
into the Carolinas and into North Georgia, being con- 
strained to find homes east of the great mountains as they 
got farther south, because of the tierce Cherokee*, by 
whom they were excluded from the valleys of the Ten- 

That these highways were the most important of Colo- 
nial days is shown by the results that have followed them 
whereby the restless home-seekers of those days, the Ger- 
man and Scotch-Irish, in large numbers, and the Sw 
French and Swedish, the latter three in fewer numb 
having occupied the most fertile and delightful territo: 
the whole American Continent, have married and inter- 

18 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

married until by that sort of commingling they have pro- 
duced a noted stock of people. It has made what Gover- 
nor Wise has called " the invincible Cohee Cn 

I have been told by one of our most noted antiquarians, 
the lamented Dr. Egle, your former State Librarian and 
the author of most interesting notes upon Pennsylvania 
Genealogy and History, that in his researches into the 
history of Pennsylvania families, he found mention made 
in more than one will or deed, of the son, or daughter in 
Virginia or the Carolinas, and I laughingly told I 
"Yes, I knew that, and it tells this story, that whenever 
there was an especially bright and enterprising member of 
a family, he or she as the case might be, made his on her 
way southward, and helped to people the Valley of the 
Shenandoah and other southern points, and left the lame 
and the halt behind, to people the Old State of Pennsyl- 
vania," which he admitted was a good joke from my 
standpoint only. 

Under the rules of this Society the descendants of those 
Colonists of German stock who went out from this old State 
of Pennsylvania are entitled to share in its membership, 
and in its honors. Are they unworthy of these privileges 
because in the great " War Between the Sta 
it, or the " War of the Rebellion," as some of our friends 
in the North insist upon calling it, they took sides in the 
defence of their homes with the southern people ? As to 
this, I for one do not accept the sentiment oi our P 
dent, Mr. Roosevelt, in his address at Antietam 
tember last to the effect that — 

"Every friend of liberty, every believer in self govern- 
ment, every idealist who wished to see his ideals take 
practical shape wherever he might be in the world, knew 
that the success of all in which he most believed was 

Response by General Roller . 19 

bound up with the success of the Union armies in that 
great struggle," — at Antietam and those throughout the 

But, upon the contrary, I submit that we should accept 
rather the sentiments of another : one of ripe judgment 
and bright scholarship, a soldier who fought under the 
Stars and Stripes in the Great War, a scion of a distin- 
guished and noted family, whose ancestors themselves filled 
the same presidential chair, and who has as much right to 
speak as any other, who declared that as he M read the 
record and understood the facts in the case of direct and 
insoluble issue, between sovereign State and sover- 
Nation, between 17SS and 1S61, every man was not only 
free to decide, but had to decide for himself, and which- 
ever way he decided, he ivas right. The Constitution 
gave him two masters. Both he could not serve, and the 
average man decided which to serve, in the light of the 
sentiment, tradition, and environment." 

It is a fact well known to intelligent men that the vast 
and overwhelming majority of men who fought for the 
Southern Cause did not fight for slavery, and never 
thought of themselves as fighting for the preservation of 
slavery, for they neither owned slaves, nor cared to own 
them, or expected ever to own them. Neither did I 
fight for the right of secession or for the Southern inter 
tation of the Constitution. Virginia was for the Union by 
an overwhelming majority and had so voted, and 
had persisted in her refusal to join the seceding states 
steadily and faithfully, notwithstanding the e.xciteme: 
the day, and the tremendous intluences and forces that 
were bein< T brought to bear to bring her into the conflict 
along side of her sister States of the South ; and she so 
continued, until there came the call of Abraham Lincoln 

20 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

for troops for the purpose of making war. Then it was 
that the most extreme anti-secessionists and anti-war men 
in the Virginia Convention became the most enthusiastic 
men in the Commonwealth in the advocacy of war and 
in their service in it. 

The leaders of the old Whig Party vied -with the lead- 
ers of the Democratic Party in their devotion to the St 
and, as Mr. Lincoln was quickly informed, there were 
" no Union men in Virginia." At that moment the senti- 
ment " My country, may she always be right, but right or 
wrong, my country," inspired the decision and aroused 
the enthusiasm of a united people. 

Fain would I believe that the organization of this So- 
ciety upon broad and patriotic lines, such that the Confed- 
erate soldier may enroll himself therein without abasement, 
imports that the time has come when the attitude in which 
he stood at the beginning of the war may now be appre- 
ciated and when it may be admitted that he responded to 
the call of his country, as one made upon his honor, his 
patriotism, his courage, his fidelity. 

Oh! I believe the mists are breaking — and through the 
rift the clear sunlight is shining. That in order to give 
the Union soldier — the victor in the civil war — due credit 
for his heroic endurance and achievements, it will be a 
necessity to attribute to the Confederate soldier no less 
respect for principle, no less reverence for right and no 
less love for all that is noblest and best for government, 
than to the other. 

The men of Pennsylvania-German descent who fought 
in the Southern armies are not ashamed oi the part we 
took in that war. We do not feel that we are any i 
credit to the race from which we spring, and it is affirmed 
with confidence, that when the history shall have been 

Response by General Roller. 21 

written of the part borne by the sons of the Pennsylva: 
German element in the Confederate armies, there will be 
no brighter page in the records of this Society than that. 

In the famous Pickett's charge, his men were com- 
manded by at least two brigadier generals, who were Vir- 
ginia soldiers of German descent. The North Carolina 
troops were commanded in many instances by soldiers of 
the same stock. One family alone is said to have fur- 
nished as many as five general officers to the Southern 
Army. Another family furnished two or more, and there 
were other families of German blood, that furnished indi- 
vidual soldiers who were equally distinguished. Besides 
these soldiers of Pennsylvania-German descent from the 
South, I know of at least two instances, where men claimed 
the individual right to decide for themselves the side upon 
which they should serve and who, though living in Penn- 
sylvania at the time, decided to cast their lots with the 

In speaking of those men of Pennsylvania-German 
blood in the Southern army I must not fail to tell you of 
an incident about which I have often spoken with pleasure. 
I remember well the descendant of old Lancaster Co\ 
stock, to whom it relates — the adopted son of a southern 
city, identified with the people of the south by marr: 
and by every other interest except that of birth. He had 
entered the Southern army as a subordinate otficer, and 
had risen to distinction in the famous Army of Northern 
Virginia — an army which had in it as many men of dis- 
tinction and heroic courage as any army that ever existed 
on earth in any war. He was a little older than we young 
fellows of the staff, and had become somewhat bald. He 
loved to be with young girls, and that too, the prettiest he 
could find and we were half jealous of the reception they 

22 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

gave him because of his distinguished career and fame. 
A few week before the city of Petersburg was evacuated 
I attended a Lenten service at the old St. Paul's churcl 
hat city. It was in range of the guns of the Feo 
army, but that did not deter the young ladies frorr. 
ing the service and did not deter the young men who could 
get away from the army with passes or could get away 
without being required to have a pass, from flocking to 
the evening service. One bright March arternoon when 
the wind was blowing a great gale around the corners oi 
the church while we were waiting outside after the service 
was over for the young ladies whom we were expecting 
and whom we were in the habit of admiring to come out, 
this Pennsylvania-Dutchman made his appearance at the 
top of the steps with a Miss Boiling, a descendant or 
Pocahontas and John Rolfe, a member of one of the most 
noted families of Virginia. Possessed of a most charming 
personality, an elegant figure, rosy cheeks and exqr. 
beauty, she was as enticing a picture as one could wish to 
see. By her side was our friend. As she stood there for 
a moment, the wind caught her skirts and fluttered them 
in the air. The same gust caught the chapeau oi our gal- 
lant friend, adorned with gold lace all around it, and as it 
was swept around the corner of the church he had to 
down the steps and engage in an unseemingly sort of race 
to catch it, while mischievous beauty stood at the tOj 
the steps and laughed at his discomfiture. But he go: 
hat all the same and went off with the beauty in triumph. 
She afterwards became the wife of the most (listing 
son of Robert E. Lee — General Rooney Lee. There 
was no discredit to the Pennsylvania-German .stock in the 
career and fame of that son of Lancaster County, and 
there should be no refusal it seems to me in this Society to 

Response by General Roller. 23 

feel a generous pride in the story of the achievements 
which were held to entitle him to associate with the fai 
and best of earth. 

Let this Society move onward with its noble work. Its 
records have already become imperishable. What it has 
done is immortal. Let it move on to greater triumph. 
Let us have from competent hands the history of the 
Pennsylvania-German element in the wars of colonial 
times ; the history of the same element in the War of the 
Revolution; in the war of 1S12, and in the war with 
Mexico. Then a grand volume as the history of the 
Pennsylvania-German element in the Federal arnrnV 
the War for the Union, and another volume almost as pre- 
tentious and no less heroic or absorbing as the history of 
the Pennsylvania-German element in the armies of the 
Confederacy as constituting no feeble or imperfect part in 
the history of our beloved country. 

The Society, which you welcome to your hospitable 
borders to-dav — let me add — is one to which I as a 
Southerner am proud to belong, and if I have that sort of 
pride, I think I can speak for the sons of Pennsylvania 
who have a special right to claim that it is an honor to be 
of its members. We thank you for the welcome yot: 
given us. W r e shall endeavor to do no discredit to the 
very gracious and princely manner in which you have 
received us, and we feel sure we shall carry back with us 
such pleasing and intensely gratifying recollections of our 
stay among you that will make this meeting of the Penn- 
sylvania-German Society the most noted of its ex:.- 

2 4 *&& Pennsylvania-German Society. 

President's Addr: 
The annual address of the President, the Rev. Joseph 
A. Seiss, D.D., LL.D., L.H.D., was then read. 

Ladies and Gentlemen, Members of the Pennsylvania-Ger- 
man Society. 

The Constitution of this Society prescribes, that, at this 
point of its proceedings, its President is to deliver an 
dress. As Constitutions are meant to be obeved, mv pi 
ent duty would seem to be clear and imperative. I will 
therefore endeavor to fulfill it. 

It was a good and wholesome thought, on the part of 
men of our generation, which moved them to form and 
sustain a Society looking to the securement of a just and 
proper record of the lines, deeds and virtues of their an- 
cestors, domiciled on Pennsylvania territory when our 
Country was in incipient formation and nascent youth. 

It may be accepted as an axiom, that the people who 
take no pride in the lines and deeds of their ancestral 
kin can hardly expect to make a record for themselves 
which their descendants will recall with admiration or note 
with reverent regard. 

It is also due to truth that the world should have a cor- 
rect knowledge of the histories, principles, and activities 
of the peoples influential in fashioning our American civili- 
zation, and in the making of our State and Country. 

Much has been commendably done in this line resp 
ing those of other blood than those represented in 
Society; but, prior to the past decade, only meagre, un- 
fair, and often untrue, were the accounts current touching 
our ancestors, settled upon these western shores and lamil- 
iarly called the Pennsylvania-Germans. People of other 

President's Address. 


races or derivations, participant in the formation of Ameri- 
can Society and institutions, have had ample and merited 
notice and record in the Country's annals. The reading 
public, and the schools have been favored with many 
glowing pages respecting the Virginia Colonists, the New 
England Puritans, the Quakers, the 'Hollanders, the 
Scotch-Irish, and the Huguenots ; but very little was ever 
said, and that little often grossly miscolored, respecting 
the class whence the members of this association have 
scended, although their priority and worth in the forma- 
tion of our great Republic, entitle them to a far more 
honorable place in history than has been awarded them. 

Not for a moment would I criticise the zeal and fervency 
with which the descendants of other classes have set forth 
in eulogistic eloquence, song and historic statement, what 
their ancestors were and did in influencing and fashio: 
the life and character of the Institutions of this new world. 
In those great achievements there is M glory enough for 
all." Nevertheless it is not to be suppressed or over- 
looked that men and women of Germanic blood and 
ture, and in large numbers, had part in the business, and 
were not mere cyphers in the creation, moulding, and 
maintenance of our common inheritance ; and whose s: 
when fully told, will be found as full of interest as that of 
the most emphasized and lauded. 

Dr. Stille, himself a distinguished historian and scholar, 
has put upon record, that, " Of all the races which settled 
on the soil of Pennsylvania, the German forms a very 
important part of the bed-rock of the civilization of the 
State. What can a man know of that civilization who is 
ignorant of the special history of the Pennsylvania-Ger- 
mans ! Much that is falsely called history has been written 
without such knowledge." 

26 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Hence the need of such an organization as this Sodd 
animated with activity and zeal to bring forth the facts 
with reference to these people and their descendants, who 
have been too little understood, and quite too cava'. 

It would be ungenerous and unjust to attribute this ignor- 
ing and desparagement of the Pennsylvania-Germans, to 
any ill intent on the part of writers on American Hisfc 
Most of them, doubtless, honestly did the best they knew 
and believed, but from disadvantageous standpoints and 
without the necessary research to qualify them to do justice 
to the subject. In the absence of such investigation, 
writers naturally would be influenced bv prepo>>essions in 
favor of people with whom they were better acquainted. 
It is also much easier to compass and master the history 
of those whose records are all accessible in the language 
of the writers, than to form just estimates of people of other 
tongues, and less within easy reach of one's personal knowl- 
edge and observation. At least, historians and narrators 
are human, with their share of human infirmities. Even 
when they think thev have everything in hand for accu- 
rate and full statement, mistakes, partialities, miscolorings, 
omissions, and defects of judgment, are liable to occur, 
and re-writing and supplements become necessary to bring 
out " the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth." 
Popular impressions and traditions also are not altogether 
trustworthy, as I have found, on a small scale, concer: 
myself even in the worthy publications of this Society, 
Vol. VI., p. 109. 

As to the people called the Pennsylvania-Germans, the 
defects, omissions, and misapprehensions that have tg 
and again appeared in our national literature, were, for 
loner time, so marked and so deeply felt by the four./ 

Presiden t's A ddress . 2 7 

of this Society that they deemed it well worth their while 
to band together in an organized effort to gather and pre- 
sent to the public a better and true account of these people, 
particularly as participants and factors in the formation or 
the life and civilization of this great state and nation. 

It is not assumed or pretended by the-members of this 
Society that we shall be able to make report on regions so 
unknown and difficult of access as the North pole ; nor to 
rival the work of the Palestine Exploring Fund ; nor to 
watch the exhumations of Schlieman at Mycenae, or Flin- 
ders Petrie in Egypt ; nor to recover lost records of extinct 
peoples as the Hittites of antiquity, or such marvellous 
archeological finds as reported from the mounds of Nippur 
by the commissions of our own Pennsylvania University. 
Nevertheless, we count on bringing to light many items of 
fact, biography, incident, and honorable achievement, 
historic interest and worth, touching one of our own home 
peoples. And as it is the chief end and purpose of this As- 
sociation "to perpetuate the memory and foster the princi- 
ples and virtues of the German ancestors of its membe 
we deem it worthy of the respect and encouragement of all 
generous minded Americans, and especially of all descend- 
ants of the Pennsylvania-Germans, and representative 
their blood. 

This Society was organized, April 15, 1891. It can 
hardly be said to be a dozen years old. But in these feu- 
years of its existence, and only now entering upon its te 
it can point to some noble and effective work, which has 
been impressing the writers of history, and will much more 
impress them as the years roll on. It has also Bttnu 
to itself men of character, position, influence, and literary 
eminence, whose aid will tell. And, on the ground of its 
aim and merits, I may say that its membership should be 
many times double what it is. 

28 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

The publications of this Society already number eleven 
volumes, from one hundred to five hundred pages each. A 
brief index of the chief topics treated, which our pains- 
taking and worthy Secretary has furnished, is itself a neat 
little booklet. Libraries, Historical Societies, Collej 
and students of the history of our country, applv for these 
volumes, and entire editions of some of them have been 
quite exhausted, and out of print. In these books, a large 
body of varied and detailed historical data and fact, here- 
tofore but little known, and largely inaccessible, has been 
given to the English-reading public. 

With much interest and edification I have mvself cone 
through these ample volumes. I have found in them 
Historical Papers, Addresses, Translations of rare and 
valuable Records, special Histories, enlightening Treatises, 
and varied Documents, some so elaborate and exhaustive 
as to show the patient and persevering research character- 
istic of the German mind. Some of the speeches given, 
glow with eloquence and blaze with fact and feel: 
And those who carefully and appreciatively read these 
books will be surprised by the richness and value of their 
rare contents. 

If any one wishes to learn the affecting story of the 
Pennsylvania-Germans, — their advent and place in this 
Commonwealth, — their principles, sufferings and virtues, 
— their language and literature, — their educational Id 
and influence, — what they and their descendants h 
done and are doing in the various departments of human 
activity and usefulness, including natural science, %\i 
manship, law, medicine, journalism, authorship, church, 
school, and state, these volumes will furnish help not 
elsewhere to be found. 

And it is worthy of note to the credit of this Society, 

President's Address. 29 

that its creation and productions have awakened a whole- 
some interest in its themes, touched and inspired ( 
hearts, and moved other pens and publishers. Book 1 
book, relating to the field we have started to cultivate, has 
appeared, some of these of large and permanent value, 
and others which received their stimulus, and par:':'.- their 
materials, from the records of this Society, and the writings 
and researches of its members. 

But, with all, the work to be done is only in its primary 
stages. We have successfully opened a mine o: 
we are able to show only a few specimens ; but thev are 
such as give promise of rich results to those who 'nave the 
patience, perseverance and intelligence to dig for them. 
Evidently, " There remaineth yet much land to be . 
sessed." Some of the topics thus far treated still ;. 
completion, and sundry others have not been touched, or 
only incidentally, which need to be thoroughlv examined 
and formally elaborated. There be many public and 
private records and documents bearing upon the - 
of our inquiries which remain to be sought for, consulted, 
and reported. 

It would be a matter of interest, in the tracing of our 
remoter pedigree, to know more about the Norsemen, and 
their race-relationship to our Teutonic ancestry : esp< dally 
as the first permanent settlement on the soil which became 
Pennsylvania was made by these Xorseland : pie, 
from whom it is claimed that Washington himself 

It is also important to our aims to ascertain more fully 
the number and proportion of Germans included in the 
Swedish Colony on the Delaware, and the influence of the 
Germans in determining the liberal Christian principles on 
which the Colony was fashioned and com': 

30 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

larly, as the Prime Minister under whom it was established 
was, by birth and education, a German. 

Of equal historic interest would it be to have a full ar.d 
correct account of what Germans and Germanic pe< : 
and ideas had to do with the formation and succe- 
colony of William Perm, and his indebtedness to them for 
the development and efficiency of those features of 
administration for which he is most commended and 
lauded. Apart from the charter which he received from 
the king of England, his activities were with the Germ i i 
and the Germanic peoples more than with the Eng! 
and his dependence upon them was much greater than is 
generally supposed. The world still awaits an authentic 
account of these particulars. 

There is also a very wide field for investigation and 
report concerning this Pennsylvania-German race, in this 
and many other states, during the past two hundred y 
— a field which bristles with distinguished personal bi _- 
raphies, patriotic fidelities, heroic adventures, brilliant 
achievements, and varied successes in peace and war, in 
church and state — a held which largely lies fallow. 
without distinctive credit to our Pennsylvania-German 
blood, a full portraiture and valuation of which, in ih 
United States, remains to be given, and should be care- 
fully traced. Much valuable and surprising information 
would doubtless thus be elicited. 

Very distinguished in its history and status is this grand 
old Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Although fou:. 
largely r by sectarists and dissenters, they were men of : 
and piety, and the friends and advocates of freedom 
righteousness. Montesquiere is witness that her to: 
tion was " an instance, unparalleled in the world's 
of the foundation of a great state laid in peace, justice, and 

Preside n t's A d dress . 3 1 

equality." Her fundamental principles, from which she 
has never departed, were, at the period of their adoption, 
far in advance of all other American Colonies, and so 1 
sonable and moderate as to find general adoption, while no 
one yet has found cause to fault them. 

In weight and force, as well as in geographical location, 
Pennsylvania was the Keystone in the arch of the original 
thirteen States ; and, with all the advancement and expan- 
sion of the nation, that place she still influentially holds. 
The old law: *' As Pennsylvania goes, so goes the 
nation," has had very few exceptions in fact. From her 
very start, she was foremost in conserving what fashioned 
and most distinguishes the great Union of free States 
under the flag of stars and stripes designed by a woman 
of Pennsylvania. 

Six generations of stalwart patriots have risen and passed 
in comfort and happiness under the shielding care and tute- 
lage of this great Commonwealth : and most liberally has 
she contributed to the peopling of other States, built in the 
beauty of her own likeness, and rejoicing in the sunshine 
of the same blessed Union. Her genial spirit has pene- 
trated far and wide, and now pulsates from ocean to ocean, 
and around the world, and will thus continue to 
so long as this nation lives, and its principles abide in force 
among men. 

It was in Pennsylvania's chief city that the colonial rep- 
resentatives met when first moving toward national e 
ence ; that the declaration of our Independence was written 
and passed ; that the Federal Constitution was framed and 
sent out for adoption. Here the great Washington pre- 
sided as head of the Convention which formulated 
Constitution, and then as the first President under it. 

Pennsylvania was the first to recognize and treat the red 

3 2 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

men of the forest as people with human souls and human 
rights; and her citizens were the first on this side of the 
sea to raise protest against the buying and selling of 

Pennsylvania was prompt and prominent in the struggles 
for our independence, and ever dutiful and'faithful to her 
place and pledges as a member of the great Confederation. 
Nor was there a State to excel her in promptness, enei 
and self-sacrifice in defence of the Union which she had 
so much helped to establish. And from the beginning 
until now, Pennsylvania's contributions, in men, measures, 
and everything pertaining to our nation's strength and 
glory, abundantly demonstrate her right to her exalted 
eminence in the constellation of our united sovereignties. 

Meanwhile, what about the people of Teutonic blood, 
who constituted so large a part of Pennsylvania's popula- 
tion from its very beginning until this present? Sprung 
from a race whose superior virtues were eulogized by the 
Roman historian, Tacitus, eighteen hundred yean ago, 
and whose just estimate of them all history since has 
confirmed, had they no part or share in the illust: 
achievement? Many of them, having been violently 
spoiled of their European homes, rights and • ons, 

because of their inflexible devotion to their conviction 
truth, righteousness, and sacred duty, and having he 
ally braved unspeakable trials and hardships to reach the 
land of freedom and religious toleration, were they no: 
bodiments of the very qualities of which alone 
monwealths are made? And how could it he other-.-. 
than that from them should come great help in mould 
the life and civilization of our State, and of the whole 
continent of North America. 

Our Society has begun to give answer upon these 

Presiden t's A ddrcss . 3 3 

and is constitutionally set to follow up the subject to a 
greater fullness of the showing. A few impressive facts 
have come to me which I here may note. 

It is a fact, that the first two men who exercised govern- 
mental rule on Pennsylvania territory were Germans. 
The greatest drill-master in Washington's army, and the 
wise military counsellor of its commander, was a German. 
A large proportion of those composing that army, M 
Germans or of German extraction. The men and women 
who did most to clothe and feed that army in its time of 
greatest need and destitution — to shelter and nurse its 
sick and wounded, and to give decent burial to its dead, 
were of the same Germanic peoples. One of the ablest 
generals in the revolutionary struggles, whose brav 
turned the scale in the final victory, was of the same 
blood, and a Pennsylvanian, whose father was one of the 
most efficient missionaries and church organizers this 
country ever had. The first Speaker of the House of 
Representatives of the first Congress of the United States 
was a Pennsylvanian and a member of the same family. 
About a dozen of the Governors of this Commonwealth 
were the sons of Pennsylvania-Germans, some of whom 
were the foremost advocates of what has done so much for 
the general benefit of our population. And the man who 
now occupies and adorns that high office, is of the same 
German blood and lineage, and an honored member of 
this Society, whose literary contributions have greatly 
added to the influence of its publications. And we need 
only search the records to find that the Germans ot Penn- 
sylvania and their descendants in this and many other 
states, have been, and are, among the most useful, patri- 
otic and distinguished citizens, in industrial, COmmen 
legislative, judicial, military, educational, ecclesiastical, 

34 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

literary and every other department of activity and in- 

Few there have been to investigate the historv of this 
people, and to speak for them as they deserve, and those 
who have spoken have mostly failed to understand them 
or to do them justice. Much honor therefore to the 
founders and members of this society for its successful 
establishment, for its noble purpose to investigate and put 
upon open record the dormant facts in the stirring 
of the Pennsylvania-Germans and their descendants, and 
for the marked success which has already attended its 
efforts. May its achievements in the past be the prophecy 
and beginning of greater accomplishments in the futu 

And now, before I close, bear with me for a remark 
which may not be altogether acceptable, but which I deem 
worthy of the Society's consideration. 

I notice in the proceedings of the meeting of 1S94, that 
the gentleman selected to welcome the Society, said, •• A 
few days ago I was asked, seriously, whether the address 
of welcome would be made in Pennsylvania-German ! 
So also, after the adjournment of last year's convention, 
a leading Philadelphia daily printed a notice of us in these 
words : " The Germans had a meeting in Xorris: 
night and elected Dr. Seiss President" ! That was the 
whole report ! And only a few days ago, I was asked by 
one of the city clergy, whether I was to give my present 
address in German I 

As I do not count myself a German, nor an adept in the 
use of the German language, my thoughts turned to the 
Name and Title of our Association, and the conch. 
reached was that it is misleading to outsiders, and ur.i.. 
able to the repute and advancement ot our cause. Km I 
understand it ours is not a German Society, no: I S 


Presiden t's A del r ess . 3 5 

of Germans. It is a question whether it has a German in 
it, or can have. Nor are all our members resident Penn- 
sylvanians. Whether by birth, language, or citizenship, 
we are not proper Germans, nor even all Pennsylvania- 
Germans, although we are all descendants of Germans, 
who, from three to five generations back settled upon what 
is now Pennsylvania territory. Most of us have our homes 
in this State, and most of us understand, and some of us 
speak the German language, und audi Pcnnsyhjanisch 
Deutdi; but no member of our Gcsdsdiaft is in any proper 
sense a German, except in remote extraction. Sprung 
from Pennsylvania-Germans, we are all Americans, and 
all use the English language. Our official transactions 
are all conducted in English. Our Constitution and By- 
laws exist only in English. Our form of application for 
membership is exclusively English. All our publications 
are in English, except a few illustrations here and there to 
show what the dialect of Pennsylvania-German is. And 
the language of our Society, as such, is in fact, entirely 
English — the prevailing language of our common Country, 
its courts, its laws and its principal schools, whatever facil- 
ities our members may possess in the use of other tong 

But nothing of this appears, or is at all recognized, in 
our present name, which, on the contrary, suggests what 
is not literally true, and creates, as it has created, the 
erroneous impression that we are foreign Germans, merely 
resident in Pennsylvania. Hence it is not strange that 
outsiders, who know no better, should so rate and adver- 

tiseus. M5'n33 

It is, therefore, my feeling and belief, which I here ven- 
ture to express that it would be well to consider the c 
tion of a change of our Society's name, and to invent one 
which will better describe what we are, and which will not 

36 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

so much confuse and mislead those who have no other 
means of knowing us. It may not be kindly taken that a 
comparatively new comer should so speak. And if so be 
that any are displeased with the suggestion, I beg that mv 
temerity may be excused, as I have only expressed what I 
believe would be of value to our cause. 

And now, with thanks to the Society for the honors it 
has conferred upon me, and to this audience for its patient 
attention to what I have said, I conclude this address. 

Secretary's Report. 

The annual report of the Secretary, H. M. M. Richards, 
was then presented. 

Gentlemen: — While the amount of work done bv vour 
Executive Committee, and the Secretarv, during the vear 
just happily concluded, has been by no means light or easv, 
yet it has been of a character rather to be demonstrated 
by results than by words. Therefore, my report for 
meeting will be necessarily brief, and fortunately so as 
that, in itself, is an indication of the fact that we have been 
wafted, during the past months, by gentle and pleasant 
breezes over a smooth sea, and have not been buffeted by 
adverse storms nor tossed about on the angry waves of 

Unfortunately, the result of some of our work has not 
yet been made apparent to the members. Because of 
sickness mainly, and through other entirely unavoidable 
causes of delay, our annual volume is not yet in their 
hands. I am glad to report, however, that it is now prac- 
tically ready for issue, and I feel assured that everyone 
will be amply repaid, shortly, for the annoyance to which 
they have been subjected. 

Treasurer's Re fort. 


Our membership has now reached the encouraging total 
of 456. We have received during the year 50 accessions 
to our number, and have been called upon to lament the 
loss of 5 by death. 

"Without haste, without rest," we have been steadily 
pushing forward towards the high mark which has \ 
set before us as our goal. May the same divine guidance, 
which was a shield and protection to our fathers, continue 
to be with us until we attain the end. 


H. M. M. Richards, 


Treasurer's Report Pennsylvania-German 
Society for the Year Ending 

October i, 1903. 

Cash on hand October 1, 1902, as per report. 

Life account $250.00 

General account 632.49 

Dues received 6S4.00 

Book acct. received 256.00 

Certificate acct 3.00 

Cr. by Vouchers 3*4*55 


Cash in bank 1,50569 

•« on hand 5.25 

Dues received since closing report 

October 1 606.00 

Total Cash to Society's Cr. 52,116.94 

Respectfully submitted, 

Julius F. Sach> . 


38 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

The report of the Treasurer was referred to an auditing 
committee, composed of the following gentlemen ! Dr. 
Daniel W. Nead, Dr. W. H. Reed and Rev. J. YV. Early, 
who in due time reported having examined the accounts 
and found them to be correct. 

Election of Officers. 

The election of officers which then took place results: 
follows: President, Rev. Joseph A. Seiss, D.D., LL.D., 
L.H.D., of Philadelphia, Pa.; Vice-Presidents, Henry 
Clay Grittinger, of Lebanon, Pa., and Ira C 
Schock, of Selinsgrove, Pa. ; Secretary, H. M. M. Rich- 
ards, of Lebanon, Pa. ; Treasurer, Julius F. E 
Litt.D., of Philadelphia, Pa., Executive Committee, Rev. 
Theo. E. Schmauk, D.D., of Lebanon, Pa., and Rev. 
Nathan C. Schaeffer, Ph.D.,D.D., of Lancaster, Pa. 

The morning session came to a fitting close with the 
reading of a " Brief Historical Sketch of Lebanon and 
Surroundings" by the Rev. P. C. Croll, of Lebanon, Pa. 

Lebanon and its Environs ; A Brief 
Historical Sketch. 
Fitting words of greeting have already been apok< 
welcoming to this city of and by the Pennsy] -Ger- 

mans this distinguished body of well-blooded, V 
purposed sons of the Saxon immigrant. Suitable words 
of response, by a chosen spokesman of our honored guests, 
have followed this greeting. It has been deemed add:: 
ally appropriate by our local committee to have aj 
to these words of welcome a brief historical account of the 
founding and important events in the checkered life oi this 
city and community. In fact it was presumed that this 
society, in spite of cordial greetings, might find itatU 10 

JLebano)i and its Environs, 30 

the situation of a certain legislative body, which, lo*t in a 
maze of unravelable entanglement in the course 01 a 
fusing discussion, found it necessary for someone to : 
that a search be instituted to answer the puzzling (.;•..•• 
"Where, after all, are we at?" Believing that ma: 
you are comparative strangers to the birth, life and growth 
of this municipality and its environs, whither v 
to be sojourners for a day or two, I have been cho en to 
give you a brief introduction to the historical, biogra] 
educational, social, religious and industrial lite 01 
town of Colonial birth, of German founding, and o: 
thrift and enterprise. I will, therefore, attempt to 1 
in a few hastily gathered, local annals the story of this 
city, which George Steitz founded on the Quittapal 
more than one hundred and fifty years ago, and whose 
present Scriptural name was awaiting it before its birth, 
having been first given to a township of its original 
by a band of German Jewish traders, who:>e fur-tracing 
post was in this vicinity. 

It is more than 175 years since the rirst pale-faced pil- 
grims strolled along this Indian-named creek th:: 
our present city. It is at least that long ago since the in- 
dustrious and cunning hands ot these early pioneer- 
their first rude cabins of log along its banks. While 
first foreign comers to these parts reached it iron: 
southeast, by way of the port at Philadelphia, there 11 
simultaneous wave of immigration by way of the 
York Harbor, thence by the Hudson, Mohawk, Sd 
Susquehanna, and Swatara valleys. Both these wav< 
immigration were German and came t'rom the valle] 
the Rhine, the Weser, the Xeckar, and the Main, 
constituents came to take up permanant abode ; the 

famous water-courses of this rich and beautiful 

40 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

This occurred in the third decade of the 18th centurv, and 
this was the first meeting of the Pennsylvania-Germa:. 
this far-famed community. The only local committee of 
arrangements to greet these early comers on their arrival 
were the prowling Indians and the wild heasts. While 
feathery warblers and the liquid melody of its babbling 
brooks and the silvery sounds of its splashing streams, the 
Tulpehocken, the Quittapahilla, and the Swatara furnished 
the music for their entertainment. At once the babblings 
of these streams were changed to suit their German e 

"'Twas Yorrick Steitz and Ilannes Licht and Peter ECncber, who 

On either bank now reared their homes to grow quite well-to-do, 
The Kreiders, Orths, and Korsts came next, this influx grew 60 

These streams their babbling had to change, from Indian into 


Soon Penn's primeval forests in this region began to 
echo the stroke of the woodman's axe, and presently the 
plowman's voice and the hum of the gristmiller's wheel 
were heard. In every cabin door was spoken the tongue 
of the sturdy Saxon, and at every fireside it was daily 
raised to Heaven in the songs and prayers of the pious 
Palatine. Humble, scattered homes were everywhere 
reared, roads and highways opened, forests felled, houses 
of worship built and domestic necessities manufactured in 
rudely constructed shops, forges, factories and mills. But 
the language that was everywhere spoken, on the field and 
in the factory, in church and at home, was that which 
native in our common German Fatherland. 

There are still to be found among us a few household 
relics and architectural landmarks of these ; M 

any of you should find time to walk through some ol our 
city's oldest streets you would see probably a do/.en or 

Lebanon and its Em 


more of the first houses — low, one-storied cahins — built 
here fully a century and a half ago, while in not I tew 
homes are preserved the almost sacred domestic reli 
these ancestors in the shape of plain but substantial ho 
hold implements, furniture and tools. Among these curios 
are clocks, chests, spinning-wheels, fowling pieces, pewter 
and china-ware and a few yellow thumb-marked German 
Bibles and books of devotion. A few of the most ancient 
and historic landmarks of this immediate communitv have 
recently been dismantled and destroyed. But we yet have 
several conspicuous architectural relics of the eighteenth 
century. At Eleventh and Maple streets of this city stands 
to-day the old Light fort, substantially is it was erected bv 
John Light (Johannes Licht ) in 1742. It is a two-and-a- 
half storied stone building erected over a spring, with 
arched cellar, air-flues, port-holes instead of windows, and 
a broken or hip-roof. It is known to have served the pur- 
poses of residence, house of worship, brewery, freight 
wharf, fortification for first settlers against the Indians, 
and in latter days has become a shelter for negroes, tra: 
sparrows and bats. But its well-built walls still stand, 
secure against a Jl uses and abuses. It is locallv most 
commonly known as " Light's Old Fort," because within 
the period of Indian depredation, during the French 
Indian Wars, it safely sheltered as many as sixty \\ 
families at one time. 

Another still older structure is the stone mill, about two 
miles west of town which the Rev. John Caspet > 
built in 1737-1740. Whilst it was originally built as I 
dence and mill, it became a sort of missionary headquu 
and rendezvous for the scattered German sellers on the 
Qiiittapahilla. A few years previous (1733) ihb M 
and inveterate Lutheran pastor had founded a I 

4 2 The Pennsylvania-German Society, 

station by the securing of church lands from the proprie- 
taries, the organization of a congregation, and the building, 
on a conspicuous shelf of the gravel hill that overl 
this valley, of the first church edifice in the I. This 

church, located about two and one-half miles west of town, 
is variously known in old documents as the Hill Church 
(" Die Berg Kirche "), and M the Church on the Quittapa- 
hille." Within its first rude edifice hewn logs serve: 
seats and racks were provided for the trusty flint-lucks and 
other fire-arms the devout worshippers were compelled to 
carry with them in self-defence against surprises from their 
hostile Indian neighbors. This church, with many others 
scattered over half a dozen counties of the State, and in 
several of the other colonies, was served bv this energetic 
Lutheran circuit rider of those eventful Colonial days 
before he had taken up his residence here. After occupy- 
ing his newly built mill-manse, he, for forty years supplied 
his flock with bread both for body and soul from this mis- 
sion center in the wilderness. When Indian troubles brewed 
in the community a stockade was built about the home, the 
ruins of which may yet be traced as evidence that here wa< 
found covert and shelter for many from both bodily and 
spiritual death. Yet Death found its way also within these 
substantial walls. When on Ascension Day, May 13, 
1779, the shepherd's infirmities necessitated a class of 
catechumens to come to his home for confirmation, he had 
scarcely finished this final ministerial act of the laying on 
of his pastoral hands upon these young confessors, when 
his spirit took its flight to the home of its ascended Lord, 
whom he had served so long and energetically. 
ashes are mouldering in the old " God's-acre" on the hill- 
side, whither his flock either preceded or succeeded him. 
A fitting monument was raised to his honor and unveiled 
a little over eight years ago. 

Lebanon and its Environs, 43 

Another historic center of that early period is located on 
the banks of this same Quitlapahilla, about a mile to the 
east of our present meeting-place. Mere such staunch 
German pilgrims as theOrths, Kuchers, Krauses, and 
Lights had made settlement in the third and fourth d - 
ades of this colonial century. Homes, -mills and work- 
shops had been reared, when the missionary zeal of the Mor- 
avian community, which had located at Bethlehem, on the 
Lehigh, sent its heralds into these parts and, under the 
direction of Count Zinzendorf, after making converts of 
these Germans, proceeded to erect a church or prayer— 
The land for this purpose was donated by Balthazar Orth, 
the grandsire of the celebrated statesman of Indiana, the 
late Hon. Godlove S. Orth. In 1750 this church was con- 
secrated and the community received the name of Hebron, 
after the ancient Israelitish city of refuge and the scene 
of King David's first coronation. This edifice of the Mor- 
avians was destined to have a long and eventful history. 
For over a century and a half it stood and weathered the 
storms of nature and national strife without, and the politi- 
cal and ecclesiastical excitement within. For over a cen- 
tury it housed the different presiding shepherds of the flock 
and their families, who left us many volumes of well- 
written memorabilia, still in hand, of the congregation's 
and the community's life. It chronicles the routine and 
the eventful incidents, the weather and the crops, the 
cipline of an unruly member or the preaching of the 
church's bishop, the incarceration here and unruly be- 
havior, for many months, of several hundred Hessian 
prisoners, and the surrender of Lord Cornwallis to Gen- 
eral Washington at Yorktown. The walls oi this his: 
edifice of stone, were ruthlessly taken down only a year 
ago, to make room for modern-day improvements. In the 

44 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

nearby God's-acre sleep the old worthies of this flock, 
together with one of their bishops (Koehler). On at V 
one memorial-stone the fact is recorded that the buried man 
came to his death at the hands of the butchering Indi 

Were I to lead you farther into the surrounding country, 
it would be possible to map out a pilgrimage that is rich in 
historic lore and abundant in the ancient shrines and land- 
marks it embraces. It would include old Schaefferstown, 
eight miles away, first known as Heidelbergtown, which 
holds a hostelry where once flung out the sign of King 
George the Third ; a church edifice, erected ten \ 
before the outbreak of our Revolutionary War, built by the 
great-grandfather of the late Dr. Wm. Pepper, Provost of 
the University of Pennsylvania, as chief carpenter, where- 
in the second son of the patriarch of the Lutheran Church 
in America, Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenr 
afterwards the honored statesman and first speaker of the 
lower house of our national Congress, for three yean 
preached the word of life; the first public water-works in 
the United States, which has supplied the town uninter- 
ruptedly, with the best of beverages, for more than a hun- 
dred and fifty years; and the ruins of an ancient Jev 
synagogue and of Baron Stiegel's castle, where that early 
Pennsylvania-German, iron magnate occasionally lived and 
received in knightly splendor, long before that other and 
modern-day Pennsylvania-German millionaire and steel- 
king, Chas. M. Schwab, had guided the largest bus:; 
combination of the world to the highest notch i -nd- 

paying with one hand, and tossed about as a plaything one 
of the largest ship-building enterprises with the other. 
Such pilgrimage would lead down the peaceful Miiu 
Valley, where reposes the dust of that German religious 
enthusiast and servant of God, who founded the relii; 

Lebanon and its Environs. az 

denomination known as the Evangelical Association, and 
died as its first bishop — Jacob Albright. It would lead 
past the old colonial homesteads, where its first German 
occupants fought the Indians or kept colored slaves, while 
their homes held mural legends like these I 

" Gott, besegne dieses Haus 
Und alles was da geht em umraus." 

Below and above this stream's confluence with the 
Tulpehocken stretches the historic region made famous bv 
Conrad Weiser and his pious and persevering Palatine- 
refugees. Here every name has a story, every farm a 
chapter, every church an epic and every church-yard an 
unwritten elegy. Here volumes of Pennsylvania-German 
history lie buried, and here names are inwoven that the 
historian might well conjure with, the poet dream ( 
the philosopher study, the theologian discuss and the 
biographer write in letters of gold. 

But it becomes me to-day to confine myself more closely 
to our queen city of the valley, bearing a Scriptural name 
and wearing a girdle of iron and steeFabout her waist, and 
a chaplet of iron and copper on her Cornwallian brow. 
And so I shall speak of a few of the more salient events 
and mention the more eminent names in the history of this 
city, which has to-day received you into its hospitable 

With the dawn of the sixth decade of the eighteenth 
century a certain pious and thrifty German, by the name 
of George Steitz, had taken up his abode on the bank 
the " Snakehole" Creek, between the Moravian settlement 
on the east and the Lutheran settlement on the west, had 
laid out a part of his plantation into a town-plot, aiui 
selling building-lots. Twenty-live years aiterwaid the 

46 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

village was essentially a German dor/, transferred to 
America, with its one-story, low-roofed, small-roomed 
homes strung along its streets, which centered ahout a 
market-square. The artisan'shops for weaver and clock- 
maker, for carpenter and blacksmith, for cobbler and 
gunsmith were going up on every side. Churches and 
school-houses had moved to town and the faithful preacher 
gave his people learned discourses by the hour, while the 
irate teacher gave his ilock hickory and birchen 
by the yard. But everybody spoke the language of the 
Fatherland. The cook mixed her corn mutiins, the baker 
kneaded his bread, the farmer sold his produce, the teacher 
whipped his boys, the preacher prayed to God, and the 
teamster swore at his oxen in Pennsylvania- 44 Dutch." 

A the outbreak of the Revolutionary war this town had 
among its citizens a goodly number of brave patriots and 
doughty old warriors. Among the most conspicuous names 
are three Philips, though neither of them descended from 
Philip of Macedon, against whom the celebrated philipics 
of Demosthenes were hurled. The first of those waa Col. 
Philip Greenawalt, whose ashes repose in one of our 
church-yards and whose honored descendants are with us 
to-day; the second was Gen. J. Philip Deilaas. whose 
record is conspicuous in that long-continued si for 

liberty and independence, covering two wars, one with the 
French the other with the English peoples, and one of 
whose descendants to-day greeted you in welcome as the 
official head of this municipality ; and the third Philip 
Col. Philip Marsteller, who assisted in racing a home 
regiment and other troops in 1775-6, was militia ; 
master, agent and foragemaster, for which service* he 
received a personal letter of thanks from General \\ 
ington, and was honored in the selection as one of the lis 

Lebanon and its En-j irons. 

pall-bearers at President Washington's funeral in 17 
The Revolutionary regiment formed by the 
these patriots, from citizens of what is now Lebanon 
County, had nine or ten captains all of whom, with one 
exception, bore honored German names. T 
Stoever, Weiser, Null, Ilolderbaum, Immel, Shoufler, 
Schaeffer and Oldenbruck. The regiment was an. 
the first to report for duty, as our Pennsylva:.: .-< V man 
boys have actually been the very first to answer the ca. 
arms that the heads of our nations have issued in even- 
war since. And their service was everywhere gallant and 
heroic. While these Lebanon boys were preparing fol 
Revolutionary fray, their brothers were either ho!, 
indignation-meetings and condemning the mother coi: 
for closing the port at Boston, or were at work in their 
gun-factories forging the weapons of defence, or, in a 
later period, building wagons and collecting clothes and 
provisions and other supplies for the army. 

It was in the periods immediately preceding and suc- 
ceeding the Revolutionary war that the church-iite of 
those early citizens was developed. In 1760 George Steitz 
and in 1763 a Lebanon Land company, oi which the R 
J. Casper Stoever was chairman, deeded church lo 
Mt. Tabor Reformed and to the Salem Lutheran cor. 
gations respectively, for an annual ground-rental of one 
red rose if the same should be lawfully demanded. T 
second large stone edifices, erected in the latter part oi 
18th century, stand to-day, in the beginning ol the roth, 
as monuments of the piety and thrift of those early ger 
tions. The latter building lifts its venerable and M 
built walls in close proximity to this beautiful, Mem 
architectural century-plant, in which we are n> 
Its towering, stone belfry has a metal tongue that 

4& The Pennsylvania- German Society . 

made to speak in a celebrated English bell-foundr 
London, more than a century and a quarter ago, but has 
spoken only German since on American soil ; and, s\\ 
ing high in air, has beckoned four or live generav 
of our citizens the way towards heaven, and, while an- 
nouncing fires on earth, has ever had a warning voice for 
Lebanon sinners to shun the fires of the pit beneath. T 
churches have had long lists of learned and devout pa-- 
Those of the reformed have included such Teutonic names 
as Miller, Stoy, Conrad Bucher, Runkle, Lorentz, L 
Heister, Kroh, Wagner, Kramer, Klopp and Brorner. 
The Lutheran flock has been faithfully shepherded bv such 
illustrious pastors as Stoever, Muhlenberg, Kurtz, Loch- 
man, Ernst, Ruthrauff, Krotel, Hoffman, Miller, Trafc 
and Schmauk, father and son, with their assistants, Pfat- 
teicher and Leibensperger. The present senior pastor, 
besides having been the honored president of this 
has achieved fame for his preaching and his many literary 
labors and extensive authorship, and to-day fills the hi 
est office in the gift of his church as the presiding officer of 
that denomination's general body. Both these mother 
churches, like ecclesiastical banyan trees, have let down 
their roots in the organization of about half a dozen ::- 
shoots, that are flourishing churches to-day and have had 
able and prominent ministers. The most worthy of men- 
tion among all these, in a convention of Pennsylvania- 
Germans, is the celebrated Henry Ilarbaugh, father oi 
Pennsylvania-German poetry, who, while, the first pastor 
of St. John's Reformed church of this city, wrote some of 
those pathetic and humorous lyrics in the dialect, which 
have made thousands sigh and smile, weep and laugh in 
one and the same breath. 

The cause of education in this community has grown 

Lebanon and its Environs, 40 

from the kindergarten at the German mother's knee to the 
parochial school, the private academy, the pay-school, the 
public school with its graded curriculum, ending in a four- 
year high-school course of well-nigh college proportions. 
Meanwhile Lebanon has charmed about it on all sides 
these higher institutions of learning, so that its four sides 
may be said to be bulwarks of education. Flourishing 
colleges are both at our eastern and western gateways, at 
Myerstown and Annville, while the Mt. Gretna Chautauqua 
and Summer School crowns our southern stronghold and 
the defunct Schuylkill Seminary forms our northern bar- 
rier at Fredericksburg. There should be no ignorance in 
Lebanon County with such light houses set up on almost 
every hill. Among her many able teachers, worthy of 
mention, we name only a few whose later careers have 
given them wide renown. Such are the late I. D. Rupp, 
celebrated and voluminous historian of Pennsylvania ; 
Henry Villard, the late noted railroad king and son-in-law 
to William Lloyd Garrison; Rose Elizabeth Cleveland, 
authoress and lady of the White house during the first term 
of her brother's incumbency ; and last but not least, the 
Hon. Henry Houck, best known educational lecturer in 
the State, who for almost time immemorial has been the 
honored and hard-working deputy to the State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction. 

Among the eminent sons of little Lebanon, who may be 
pointed out as the tall cedars of Lebanon, we mention that 
Lindley Murray, the English grammarian, was born just 
outside its present western limits, that Governor John 
Andrew Shultze first saw the light of day on its eastern 
border, but resided long in this city, and in 1S23 marched 
from the stone mansion on Market Square, now the resi- 
dence of Dr. Lemberger, to occupy for six years the gub- 

50 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

ernatorial mansion at Harrisburg. Hon. Godlove S. Orth 
of national fame, and once our country's .Minister to Aus- 
tria, and James Lick, the lamous California millionaire, 
and builder of the Lick Observatory on the Paciric Coast, 
were sons of our soil, the offspring of German forebears. 
The late ex-Governor of Minnesota, Alexander Rami 
was once a resident of this city, while the relatives ot the 
late Gen. John D. Imboden of the Confederacy, abound 
in this county, whence his father removed before the Civil 
war. The noted illustrator of New York City, G. W. 
Peters, was born and reared here, while our town holds 
not a few men and women who are prominent in the medi- 
cal, legal, ecclesiastical, political, literary, educational and 
reform circles of the day. 

Among the visitors of this place let it be said that many 
eminent men and women have preceded you. Lebanon re- 
cords among its eminent guests at least seven of the presi- 
dents of the United States and many more candidates for that 
high office; a long list of governors and statesmen of this 
and other states : and such a host of celebrities in the lec- 
ture field, of military and naval renown, of musical fame 
or of ecclesiastical prominence that it would seem like a 
catalog of names to have me repeat them. "We want to 
assure you, however, that none were ever more welcome 
than you are to-day. For this purpose we have opened 
our homes and finest churches to you ; we have flung open 
our inns and banqueting halls, where feasts await you, 
and we have arranged an excursion for you to see our 
most noted iron-mines and industries for which Lebanon 
in these latter days has become justly renowned. To give 
you a glimpse of our Cornwall ore-banks and furnaces and 
of the manv busy factories and iron-mills that begircile 
this city, and to be chaperoned by a personal guide. 

Afternoon Session. 51 

familiar with their history and process of manufacture 
the best afternoon treat we could plan for you. It is to 
this local chaperon, therefore, that I leave you for the 
interesting history of these industries, in which Lebanon 
grinds out its bread, and to the local inns that I now hand 
you over for a sample of the bread that is here ground 
out. That this is abundant you have already seen in com- 
ing hither and may perceive again when you ride through 
our broad acres where the ripened corn is unsheathing its 
yellow ears. That life here is rich and golden, nature 
has typified for you by decorating forests and hedges, 
hills and valleys, with the crimson and yellow bunting of 
autumnal glory. 

Afternoon Session. 

The afternoon session was opened at 1 : 00 P. M., by 
the reading of the Historical Paper of the day, entitled a 
"Curieuse Nachricht von Pennsylvanien in 1700," from 
the pen of Julius F. Sachse, Litt.D., being Daniel 
Falckner's " Accurate Tidings from Pennsylvania," the 
work which stimulated the German emigration in the 
beginning of the eighteenth century. 

At the conclusion of this paper a delightful excursion 
was given all present to the wonderful Cornwall Ore 
Banks, thence to the beautiful Chautauqua grounds and 
site of military encampments at Mount Gretna, ending 
with a visit to some of the great blast furnaces of Lebanon 
in time to see a " cast " made. 

The Evening. 
The entertainment of the evening, which closed an 
unusually pleasant gathering, began at 7 130 P. M., with 
an exceptionally able and fine musical held in Zion Lu- 
theran Church, on north Ninth Street, the building b 
crowded with a most select and appreciative audience. 

52 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

Complimentary Musical Recital, Zion Evangelical 
Lutheran Church. 

Chorus of forty voices under direction of Henry \V. Siegrist, Organist 
and Choir Master of the Church. 

1. Organ — Fantasie in form of Offertoire Berlhold Tours. 

2. Chorus — '* Hymn of the Apostles," " Redemption " Ch. Gounod. 

3. Tenor Solo— "My Redeemer and My Lord," from "Golden Legend," 

Arthur Sullivan. 
Prof. H. Z. Long. 

4. Chorus— "Be Not Afraid," "Elijah" F. Mendelssohn. 

5. Organ — "In Paradisium " 77/. Dubois. 

6. Bass Aria— "O God, Have Mercy," "St. Paul" F. Mendelssohn. 

Mr. Henrv Harbaugh Lineaweaver. 

7. Chorus — "Hallelujah," "Messiah" G. F. Handel. 

This was followed at 8 : 30 P. M., by the Banquet in 
the Sons of America Hall, 755 Cumberland Street, the 
music for which was most pleasingly rendered bv the 
Philharmonic Orchestra, Benj. A. McComsey, Director. 
The following gentlemen responded to toasts, in a very 
fitting and interesting manner: "Our Pennsylvania- 
German Theologians," Rev. Jos. H. Dubbs, D.D., 
LL.D. ; " Our Pennsylvania-German Journalists,"' Hon. 
B. F. Meyers; "Our Pennsylvania-German Soldiers.'' 
General J. P. S. Gobin ; •• The Pennsylvania-German in 
every and any capacity," O. S. Henninger, Esq. 

Col. Thomas C. Zimmerman most ably presided as 

2m> ' lass m 


ITn fibemoriam- 

E i m i 1 ■■!■ ■ ! ■■ <! | p«»l U. l .iJ I I ! ■■■ ! 

Obituary Record. 


Hon. Lee L. Drumbins. 

Lee Light Grumbine was born in Frederick>burg, Leb- 
anon county, Pa., July 25, 1858. His early anc 
emigrated to America from the Rhine country about the 
year I755» an< ^ ms g enea l°gy connects him with the earlv 
Moravian settlements in eastern Pennsylvania, through 
his paternal great-grandfather, Peter Fuehrer, who was a 
Moravian teacher among the pioneer settlers of the New 
World. He was educated in the public schools, Palatinate 
College, and Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn., 
graduating A.B. from the last named institution in 1881. 
In 1884 he received the degree A.M. from his alma mater. 
While in college he began the work of giving public elo- 
cutionary entertainments, which he long continued as a 
diversion, varying it with lecturing and teachers' institute 
work. In 1886 he was chosen instructor of elocution in 
Cornell University, but, through a misunderstanding, never 
entered Upon the duties of the position. 

After leaving college, Mr. Grumbine engaged in teach- 
ing and in the meantime studied law, being admitted to 
the bar of Lebanon county in 1SS4, and to the Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania in 18S7. For seven years he p 
ticed law, a part of the time as a member of the tirm oi 
Gobin & Grumbine. 

Mr. Grumbine's career was one of great versatility a'. 
various lines and it must be said that whatever he ha> at- 
tempted he has carried through successfully. His chief 
work was that of a lawyer. Quiet and uuobtrusiv* 

56 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

manner, independent in conduct even to aggressiveness, 
without the employment of the arts of the politician, or the 
seeker of favor, by sheer force of his character, afa 
and rectitude of life, he commanded a leading position at 
the bar of his county, and enjoyed the confidence 01 a 
large clientage. He served continuously for many years 
as a member of the examining board of the bar. He was 
also a brilliant journalist. 

In the famous Swallow campaign, in 189S, he took edi- 
torial charge of the Harrisburg Commonwealth, a Prohi- 
bition daily printed at the State capital, and alwavs stood 
very closely to Dr. Swallow in his memorable tight. He 
was also one of defendant's counsel in the libel suits 
brought againt Dr. Swallow. He resumed the practice of 
law in 1894, and has been prominent in many of the lead- 
ing cases of the county. 

Another field of activity in which Mr. Grumbine won 
distinction was that of literature and public speaking. He 
was a vigorous, convincing and yet graceful writer on 
many subjects, and contributed a number of valuable 
papers to different periodicals. He published a volume of 
poems and translations, which illustrate a prefatory trea- 
tise on the Pennsylvania-German language — a study of 
its status as a spoken dialect and form of literary expres- 
sion with reference to its capabilities and limitations. His 
verses both in English and German breathe a genuine 
poetic spirit, and, as lyric songs and pictures of Pennsyl- 
vania-German life, gave him the rank of a real poet. He 
was a recognized authority on the Pennsylvania-German 
dialect, having made a close study of the provincialism! 
of eastern Pennsylvania, having their origin in German 
idioms and expressions, which he frequently treated in 

Obituary Record. 


Mr. Grumbine also displayed considerable talent in 
ganizing or in the art of doing things. He was the prime 
mover in the organization of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua 
and a member of its first board of managers. lie 
also prominently instrumental in the organization of the 
Pennsylvania-German Society. He was a member of the 
executive committee of the society continuously ever since 
its organization. He was one of the leading spirits in the 
Lebanon County Historical Society since it was founded, 
and a member of its executive committee since its organi- 
zation, and he contributed a number of papers to its publi- 
cations. He planned and helped to organize the Lebanon 
County Trust Company, one of the flourishing financial 
institutions of this county, of which he was a director, 
vice-president and solicitor. 

In politics Mr. Grumbine had been a Prohibitionist for 
twenty years, having by his labors, his earnest devotion to 
the cause and his forceful writing and speaking won a 
high place in the confidence and the councils of the party. 
He served for many years on the State Executive Commit- 
tee and took a leading part in the party's conventions, pre- 
siding, on several occasions, and frequently serving as 
chairman of the committee on resolutions. He was the 
author of the Gettysburg platform of 1903, which com- 
mitted the party to " license repeal " as the first step toward 
the solution of the liquor problem, and which was ju 
regarded as one of the strongest and most statesmanlike 
papers ever adopted by a political convention. It attracted 
wide attention. He was the Prohibition candidate for the 
office of lieutenant-governor in 1902, running a close 
second to Dr. Swallow for the nomination of governor. 
In 1900 he accompanied the Prohibition candidate for 
president on his tour through the State, and was one of 

58 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

the leading speakers in that campaign. Serving in numer- 
ous capacities of trust and responsibility in private life. 
never held a public office. 

He was married, in 1881, to Roie E. Adams, of Naples, 
N. Y., and they have one son, LeRoy Adams Grumbine, 
a student in Oberlin College and Conservatory.' 

Mr. Grumbine was one of the foremost citizens of Leb- 
anon. As a scholar, teacher, poet, lawyer, journalist and 
citizen, he was indeed a gifted man, whom the community 
can ill afford to lose. His sterling and unimpeachable 
integrity was one of his greatest virtues, and he valued his 
good name far above aught else. To his sorrowing family 
and friends he has left this as a priceless and imperishable 

He became a member of the Pennsylvania-German 
Society at its organization, was immediately elected as a 
member of its Executive Committee upon which he served 
with untiring fidelity and great ability to the day of his 
death. Its printed volumes contain various articles from 
his pen, of exceptional value and beauty, mention of which 
has already been made. When taken from our midst he 
was engaged on a " History of the Mennonites M for the 
use of the Society, upon which much time and research 
had been spent, and which bade fair to be of great value 
and interest. 

His decease, resulting from inflammation of the bowels, 
occured about 3 :oo P. M. on Thursday, August 18, 1904. 

H. M. M. R. 

Obituary Record. 59 

Hon. Jacob L. Stsinmstz. 

Jacob L. Steinmetz, lawyer and banker, was for manv 
years a leading citizen of Lancaster county. He descended 
from the virile German stock that early settled in Penn- 
sylvania, and were closely identified with the early historv 
of northern Lancaster county. His grandfather, Charles 
Steinmetz, was one of the founders of Ephrata borough. 
Jacob Steinmetz, the father of this sketch, was born near 
Ephrata. Upon reaching manhood he bought extensive 
tracts of land at South Annville, Lebanon county, and in 
1851, while still in the prime of manhood, he passed away. 
His wife w r as Catharine Gross, daughter of John Gross, of 

Hon. Jacob L. Steinmetz, was born at South Annville 
on August 22, 1S45. After attending the public schools 
he was sent to the Annville Academy and Dickinson Semi- 
nary at Williamsport. He then took a course in the law 
department of the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, 
receiving the degrees of M.A. and B.L. At the University 
he was at one time president of the Webster Literary Society 
which materially aided in developing his forensic powers. 

In 1870 Mr. Steinmetz entered upon the practice of law 
in this city. His career was one of success. In the prac- 
tice of his profession his strength in great part lay in his 
pertinacity and searching cross-examinations. He had an 
excellent preparation and kept well versed. In leaf tob. 
cases he was very frequently a counsel, and in this pa: 
ular line was notably successful. 

60 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

In politics Mr. Steinmetz was a staunch Democrat. In 
1876 he was a delegate to the National Convention that 
nominated Tilden, and the same year was elected to the 
Legislature from the city district. After serving one term 
he practically withdrew from politics and devoted his 
energies to his profession and business interests. ._ In Janu- 
ary, 1890, he was elected President of the People's National 
Bank, and two years later helped to organize the People's 
Trust Company, being elected President. He was also 
the head of the Citizens' Heat, Light and Power Companv, 
and a Director of the Clay and Hinkletown Turnpike 

In any enterprise tending to enhance the material or 
aesthetic interest of the city of his adoption, the deceased 
was a willing and influential supporter, and in no way was 
this disposition more explicitly set forth than in his build- 
ing operations. The building at Grant and North Queen 
streets, now occupied byStauffer's hat store and the Ameri- 
can Tobacco Company, was quite a revelation to local busi- 
ness men when it was erected, while the " Hotel Cocaiico," 
at Ephrata, erected about nine years ago, for its beauty and 
elegance, befitting a metropolis far more appropriately 
than a rural town, will be an enduring monument to his 
memory and that of the entire Steinmetz family — the 
pioneers of the ancient settlement. 

On February, 1S90, Mr. Steinmetz was married to Miss 
Mary Virginia Hawthorn, daughter of the late James Clem- 
sen Hawthorn. Of this union one child was born. Haw- 
thorn Steinmetz, who, with the bereaved wife, survives. 
Two brothers also survive, George Steinmetz, of Ephi 
borough, and Martin Van Buren Steinmetz, of New York 
city. Mrs. Salinda Major, of Lebanon, is a surviving 

Obituary Record. 


Of recent years, Mr. Steinmetz's health had seriously 
failed him, but his indomitable will power stayed the mes- 
senger's hand to the extreme limit. Several years ago he 
closed his beautiful home oh North Duke street and removed 
to the Cocalico, where he passed away at 8.00 P. M. on 
Monday, February 15, 1904. He became "a member of 
the Pennsylvania-German Society on January 18, 1898. 


, .->- 

S£? ss 1 

62 The Pennsylvania- German Society, 

Dal. Wilbur Fisli Reeder. 

Col. Reeder was one of the best-known and mo^t popu- 
lar men in Center County, and was, for manv years promi- 
nent in the affairs of the State of Pennsylvania. Born on 
January 7, 1855, near Catawissa, Pa., and the son of a 
farmer, he passed his early boyhood in the country, gain- 
ing his early education in the public schools. From 
thence he entered Dickinson Seminary of Williamsport, 
graduating from same in 1875 at tne head of his class. 
He studied law with Bush, Yocum and Hastings, Belle- 
fonte, Pa., and was admitted to the bar of Center 
County, Pa., in 1877. ^ n I ^8i he formed a partnership 
with General Daniel H. Hastings, late Governor of the 
Commonwealth. Elected Chief Burgess of Bellefonte in 
1892; appointed in 1895, Assistant Adjutant General on 
Governor Hastings' Staff, with the rank of Lieutenant 
Colonel ; in 1897-1899 served as Deputy Attorney General 
of Pennsylvania to succeed John P. Elkin. For six years 
he was First Lieutenant of Company B, Fifth Regiment, 
N. G. P., also on the staff of General Wiley, commander 
of the Second Brigade. 

Col. Reeder was a member of the Supreme and Superior 
Courts of Pennsylvania, Sons of the Revolution, and 
Union League of Philadelphia, a thiry-second degree 
Mason, and Past Master, Past High Priest and Past Emi- 
nent Commander in his lodge, chapter and comandery 
respectively. In politics he was Republican, being ■ 
delegate to the Republican National Convention of 1904. 

Obituary Record. 


On December 19, 1878, he married Lillie S. Gotwalt, 
a lineal dscendant of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, D.D., 
and Colonel Conrad Weiser, recently elected State Reg 
of the Pennsylvania Chapter of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution. They have had one son, John 
Wallace Reeder. 

His decease occurred at 12:55 A. M., on August 2-, 
1904, and was caused by hemorrhages of the lungs. 

He was elected a member of the Pennsylvania-German 
Society on January 18, 1898. 

H. M. M. R. 

64 The Pennsylvania- German Society 

Dr. Seiss. 

Rev. Joseph Augustus Seiss, D.D., LL.D., L.M.D., 
late president of the Pennsylvania-German Societv, died 
at his residence in Philadelphia on Monday, June 20, 1904, 
aged Si years and 3 months. He had an attack of grippe 
in Februarv which left him so exhausted that his strength 
gradually failed until he " fell asleep." His strong men- 
tal powers however never weakened. During his long 
illness his mind not only never wandered, but while confined 
to his sick-bed he insisted on correcting the proof-sheets 
and writing the preface to another volume of sermons 
shortly to appear. 

The funeral services took place on Friday, June 24, in 
the Lutheran Church of the Holy Communion, Chestnut 
street, near 21st, of which congregation he was the founder 
and only pastor. The spacious building was filled with a 
congregation representing the many institutions, organi- 
zations and interests with which he was connected, among 
whom were not less than a hundred and fifty clergymen. 
The address was delivered by the writer, and was followed 
b}* tributes from Rev. H. E. Jacobs, DD., LL.D., dean 
of the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia, 
and Rev. G. F. Krotel, DD., LL.D., of New York, who 
for many years was associated with Dr. Seiss in church 
work. The interment took place in the family lot in 
Laurel Hill cemetery. 

It is not our purpose to repeat the data and facts of Dr. 
Seiss* life which are contained in the biographical sketch 

Obituary Record. 65 

which appeared in Vol. XII., of this publication; but to 
bear testimony to the greatness, nobility, and manv excel- 
lencies of character which distinguished this eminent man 
and Prince of Preachers. 

Dr. Seiss was not a child of fortune nor was eminence 
thrust upon him. Born in an obscure hamlet in western 
Maryland, his life seemed destined to the farm. When 
fourteen years of age he walked a dozen miles to see a 
synodical convention at Frederick. He started early in the 
morning and returned at night, without partaking of a meal 
during his absence from home, and repeated the same the 
following day. It was what he saw and heard at that 
synod that determined his purpose to enter the ministry. 
But circumstances were untoward. His father opposed 
his wishes, and a Moravian bishop, whose counsel he 
sought, advised him to remain at the plough. Through 
his mother's influence he obtained sufficient means to spend 
two years at the collegiate and theological institutions at 
Gettysburg, and continuing his studies privately while 
teaching school, he entered the university at nineteen years 
of age and began as an humble missionary in the mountains 
of Virginia. This was the beginning of a life which rose 
to an eminence that but few have attained. It was gained 
through hard work, constant application, and an indomita- 
ble will and purpose which yielded to no discouragement. 
From his obscure lield of labor he was soon called to more 
prominent and promising places in the neighborhood ; 
thence to Baltimore, and then to Philadelphia where in 
1858 he became pastor of St. John's Church, the mostintlu- 
ential Lutheran congregation at that time in this country. 
Out of this congregation the Church of the Holy Com- 
munion was organized by him in 1874, anc * w * tn li ne ro ~ 
mained until his death. 

66 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

In his prime he was recognized as the most able and 
eloquent preacher in Philadelphia, and with but few equals 
anywhere. In the great connects and controversies of the 
Lutheran Church concerning its creeds, measures, modes 
of worship and general church polity, he soon became a 
recognized leader of the conservative party. In the organ- 
ization of the General Council and its institutions, and in 
the preparation of its book oi worship known as the Church- 
Book, no one was more prominent, active and iniluential 
than he. At the most critical crisis, he was the leading 
editor of The Lutheran, by means of which his influence 
and power were greatly extended. And he lived to -ee 
the success of those things for which he contended and 
stood, the general acceptance of the historical creeds and 
faith of the church, and the adoption by the three general 
bodies of a Common Service in the worship of Lutheran 
congregations using the English language. 

Several things entered into the making of a man, who, 
in spite of such early disadvantages, gained such prom- 
inence, influence, and success. One of these was the strong 
personality he possessed. His great talents and noble 
soul dwelt in a faultless body. His physical form was 
commanding, and his face was a benediction. When out 
among strangers in our summer journeys, the remark was 
repeatedly made, " how much your friend's face resembles 
that of Washington.*' 

And the inner man which dwelt in that body was worthy 
of its habitation. Over thirty years of uninterrupted and 
most intimate companionship, we learned to know him u 
men only can be known and judged when the restraint 
life are laid aside. And we bear our testimony to the 
greatness of his character and the nobility of his soul. He 
preached great sermons and accomplished great things. 

Obituary Record. 67 

because he was a great man. While manifesting a personal 
dignity and somewhat reticent manner among strangers, 
he was one of the most genial, cordial, considerate and in 
every way delightful companions and triends that could be 
desired. Controversies often provoked severe criticism 
from his lips and pen, but when the controversy was past, 
no one was more ready to resume friendly relations than he. 

He possessed a mental alertness which gave a touch of 
originality to much he spoke or wrote. Some of his best 
sermons were unfolded from texts in which no other 
preacher suspected a sermon lay hid. His style of com- 
position was massive and often majestic, yet as simple and 
clear as his mastery of Anglo-Saxon could make it. He 
had the true conception of a sermon, and no matter whether 
his text was taken from the Old Testament or the New, 
that text became a schoolmaster to bring his hearers to 
Christ. He never prepared a sermon, in all the wide 
range of topics his researches and studies suggested, the 
purpose of which was not to lead men to faith in Christ as 
their Saviour, or to establish and confirm them in that 
faith. He was gifted with a splendid voice of pleasant 
tone and peculiar power, and he knew how to employ it. 
While using his manuscript in the pulpit, his freedom of 
manner and strong action made his hearers forget there 
was a manuscript before him. 

Coupled with these natural gifts was his untiring indus- 
try. He was a constant searcher after truth, and rarely 
knew what it was to be tired in that search. He wrestled 
with it and would not let it go until he had gained its 
blessing, even if he halted on his thigh at the rising of the 
sun. We have come upon him at all hours of the day in 
his study, and never found him in an easy chair but always 
at his table, and generally with his pen in his hand. 

68 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

What he did, he did well. He made everything count in 
the fulfilment of his work. Every sermon or address was 
prepared with minutest care, so that as soon as delivered 
it was ready for the printer's hand. This is the secret 
why his books multiplied so rapidly, and were found to be 
so complete. His work was not by spurts or moods, but 
constant, systematic, and according to rule. 

But now that work is over and he has entered into his 
rest. Over his memory we can write what was said of 
him after whom he was named "Joseph is a fruitful 
bough, even a fruitful bough by a well ; whose branches 
run over the wall. The archers have sorely grieved him 
and shot at him. But his bow abode in strength, and the 
arms of his hands were made strong by the hand of the 
mighty God of Jacob." 

" Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from hence- 
forth : yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their 

labors, and their works do follow them." 

Jacob Fry. 
Lutheran Theological Seminary,