NTY PUBLIC LIBRARY
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PROCEEDINGS AND ADDRESSES
LEBANON, OCT. 22, 1903
Vol. XIV ft
IH/BLISHKD lt\ nil >i h II I N
EDITION ;oo COPIES.
JULIUS F. SACHSE, Litt.D.
DANIEL W. NEAD, M.D.
HENRY M. M. RICHARDS.
TNI Ne« IM PMMMM QMMWI
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Officers of the Society \
Minutes of Meeting at Lebanon j
Address of Welcome by Hon. Lee L. Grumbine 6
Greeting from the City of Lebanon by Mayor Abraham Hess. i -
Response by General John E. Roller 14
President's Address, Rev. Joseph A. Seis^ 24
tv Report of Secretary, H. M. M. Richards 36
I Report of Treasurer, Julius F. Sachse 37
c^ Election of Officers
-J Lebanon and its Environs; A Brief Historical Sketch
Complimentary Musical Recital, Zion Evangelical Lutheran
^ lPenn5^lvanta — The German Influence in its Settljc-
^> ment and development:
Daniel Falckner's "Cuiueuse Nachricht from Pi kn«
sylvania" — The Book that Stimulated the Great I
man Emigration to Pennsylvania in the E:iriy Years ol
1 the XVIII Century
Record of the Marriages in the St. Michabi is khb
Evangelical Lutheran Congregation in Pmu *
OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY
Rev. John S. Stahr, D.D.
Henry Clay Grittixger,
Ira Christian Sciiock.
H. M. M. Richards.
Julius F. Sachse, Litt. D.
Executive Committee :
Rev. L. Kryder Evans, D.D.,
Dr. John Franklin Mkntzer.
Dr. Daniel \V. Xead,
Hon. Maurice C. Eby.
Frank Ried Diffenderffer, Litt. D.,
Hon. Lee L. Grumbine,
Thomas C. Zimmkr.man,
Abraham S. Schropp.
Rev. Theodore E. Schmauk, D.D.,
Rfv. Nathan C. Sciiaeffkr, Ph.D.. D.D.
REPORT OF THE PROCEEDINGS
THIRTEENTH ANNUAL MEETING
Held at Lebanon, Pa.
On Thursday, October 22, 1903
^**HE Executive Commitee of the Society held its usual
^^ quarterly meeting in the office of the Hon. Lee L.
Grumbine, 811 Cumberland Street, on Wednesday even-
ing, October 21, for the transaction of its business.
The Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania-
German Society was held in the Salem Memorial Lutheran
Chapel, at Eighth and Willow Streets, Lebanon, Pa., on
Thursday, October 22, 1903, and was attended by an un-
usually large number of members and friends.
6 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
The gathering was called to order by the President, the
Rev. Joseph A. Seiss, DD., LL.D., L.H.D., at 9 :oo A'. M.
The Rev. F. J. F. Schantz, D.D., of Myerstown, I
offered the opening prayer, which was followed by an ad-
dress of welcome, on behalf of the resident members of the
Society, delivered by the Hon. Lee L. Grumbine.
Address of Welcome.
Mr, President, Jellozv members of the Pennsy ha nia- Ger-
man Society, ladies and gentlemen :
When Oliver Cromwell returned to London after the
subjugation of Ireland, the acclaim and welcome with
which he was received is very graphically de-cribed by
Hood in his life of the great " Protector." u On Houn-
slow Heath," the account states, he was met by General
Fairfax, many Members of Parliament and oincers of the
Army and multitudes of the common people. Coming to
Hyde Park he was received by the Lord Mayor and cor-
poration of the city of London, the great guns were 6red
off (just as some of these will be fired off here, to-day,
according to this program), and Colonel Barkstead's regi-
ment which was drawn up for that purpose, gave him
several volleys with their small arms. Thus in a triumph-
ant manner he entered London amid a crowd of attendants,
and was received with the highest acclamations. It was
while he rode thus in state through London that Oil
replied to some sycophantic person who had observed —
" What a crowd comes out to see your Lordship's triumph !"
11 Yes, but if it were to see me hanged how many more
would there be 1"
Doubtless the hanging of some of us would have brought
together a greater crowd, but that fact alone would be no
index of the esteem in which we are held or of the welcome
Address of Welcome. 7
which the people of Lebanon extend to you. They love
the Pennsylvania-German Society, because they look upon
it in a sense as their own child; for while the mere acci-
dent of birth took place in our sister city of Lane;
real credit of parentage is accorded to the city which lays
its welcome, its hospitality and its freedom at your feet
to-day. In the record as it is written by the Society, in
its first volume of proceedings, in the introductory account
of the beginnings of the movement which culminated in
the organization of this Society the fact is chronicled that
44 during the months of December, 1890, and January,
1891, articles appeared in various journals throughout
Eastern Pennsylvania, the earliest being in the Lebanon
Report, followed by the New Era, of Lancaster, and the
Philadelphia Inquirer, advocating the formation of a Penn-
sylvania German Society " ; so that while the region em-
braced within the county of Lebanon furnished a refuge
among the earliest and most hospitable, to the brave spirits
who came from the Fatherland, the city of Lebanon is
conceded to be the very fountain-head of the movement
which has resulted in the magnificent work of the organi-
zation which she proudly and cordially receives within her
walls and welcomes to her altars, her firesides and her
festal boards to-day. And without any suggestion of the
Prodigal's return, though he may have sojourned in Ilarns-
burg and other evil places, we have figuratively killed the
fatted calf to celebrate your glad coming, and we propose
from our side to give the day and the night over to rejoic-
ing, to merry-making, to fraternal greeting, to test:.
to good cheer, to music, to song, and to hospitality- .
small return for the honor and the friendship and the dis-
tinction and the eloquence and all the other blessings and
advantages which you deign to bestow upon us by your com-
8 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
It is a matter of genuine personal regret to me that the
membership of this Society does not as yet include the
ladies, although I read nothing in the prescribed qualifi-
cations for membership that would exclude them. I would
count it a privilege and a joy indeed to improve a real favor-
able opportunity, or more appropriately speaking to embrace
the opportunity of demonstrating my faculty to accord a
warm and hearty welcome to the ladies, if I had but half
a chance. But although we do not as yet extend to them
the privilege of membership, like the poor they are always
with us anyhow, and by inviting them we show our appre-
ciation of that true and wise saying ot the seer of the
Fatherland, the poet Goethe, when he writes : " Der Urn-
gang mit Frauen is das Element guter Sitten/'
And so I would say to the ladies, if not exactly in an
official way nevertheless I assure them that it is none the
less heartily spoken :
" Come in the evening or come in the morning,
Come when you're looked for or come without warning,
Kisses and welcome you'll find here before you,
And the oftener you come here the more we'll adore you.''
I hardlv conceive it to be my province in discharging
this function of the program to speak to you about the
work of the Society either past or future. That speaks
for itself. I might talk to you about the glories, the
beauties and the superior advantages of this fine old town
but considerations of commiseration and humanity bid me
spare the feelings of those who do not live hero. I might
tell you of the municipal privileges and public utili
which we enjoy here, the finely paved streets, the excellent
public schools, the unparalled water supply, the delight-
some fortune of being spared all trouble and annoyance in
Address of Welcome. n
the management of public affairs by having them done
ready made by one or two of our public-spirited political
bosslets ; which of course bears with it the corresponding
blessing of high taxes and plenty of them, but his honor the
Mayor is here, who will follow me in extending to you the
freedom of the city, and I must not anticipate him.
I might, in imagination, take you in a historical automo-
bile so to speak, and whisk you through the attractive
domains of our County Historical Societv, to show you
for example the old hat of old Steitz, the founder of old
Steitze ; the old kitchen stove of old Alexander Schae:
of Schaefferstown ; the old corn-cob pipe of old Frederick
Stump, of Stumpstown ; or the baptismal register of Ann,
of Annville, and thus enable you to work out that all-
absorbing problem concerning the age of that conspicuous
and interesting and enigmatical young female; but mv
Brother Croll, the real historian of the bailiwick, has
promised to do something of that sort this afternoon, and
I must not trespass on his preserves.
I might point you to the various manufactures and indus-
tries of this town, which have given it the name of the
Iron City, where old Vulcan and the cunning Loge with
his host of Niebelungen have been forging wealth and
wonderful things out of the sun's heat, for the happ::
and the comfort of mankind; but Mr. Grittinger knows
vastly more about those matters than I could tell you, and
he will regale vou with some such account this afternoon,
on the little excursion which the watchful and hospitable
committee of arrangements have planned for the delecta-
tion of their distinguished guests.
And lastly, and what would be the most agreeable I
that I could allot myself, I might paint for your imagina-
tion in phrase of oriental imagery, in grand and stately
j O The Pennsylvania- German Society.
prose or in the measured strophes of the knightly trouba-
dour, the charms and the loveliness and the beautv o:
women of Lebanon ; but after you see them and hear them
at the concert and at the banquet to-night mv poor descrip-
tion would fall so far short of the reality that I would he
plunged into irretrievable disgrace for making the attempt.
Besides I don't care about getting into trouble at home !
Over a century and a half ago as the clans — not of the
Campbells and the Morgans — but of the Fatherland in-
vaded this beautiful valley for the first time along the banks
of the Schuylkill and the Tulpehocken from the east, or,
the silvery Swatara and the babbling Quittapahilla from
the west, or as the wondering pioneer crossed over either
mountain range to the north or south, and beheld the fair
Lebanon Valley stretching before his enraptured eve like
a garden of the Lord, and his adventurous spirit saw for
the first time the virgin forests which lay before him like
the noble cedars of Lebanon, with the distant mountains
glittering in the sun or shrouded in the silvery mists of the
morning, picturing to his pious imagination the snow-
capped range of Libanos or Anti-Libanos, there was none
to bid him welcome but the hungry howl of the panther
and the inhospitable tomahawk of the " first citizen " ; and
I for one feel like congratulating myself on not being asked
to make the address of welcome on that occasion. I
trying to imagine what sort of a figure some of you would
cut if you had come here under those circumstances ; and
call your attention to what they missed at that time in not
beincr members of the Pennsvlvania-German Societv and
being welcomed and entertained in this more modern
Different now is the scene which meets the traveler's eye.
Glorious pictures of peace and plenty before him lie ;
Address of Welcome. \ i
Endless acres of wealth and industry, far and wide
Stretching out 'long the course of the stream on either side,
Acres of fat fruition by the world's best husbandry tilled,
Barns that are bursting with riches, houses with comforts filled ;
Hillsides clad in golden mantles of nod. ling grain, —
Magic transmutation of the sunshine and the rain;
Orchards laden with fruit, and fields of the waving corn,
Blushing in the sunrise when kissed by the dews of the morn ;
Landscape dotted with valley and hamlet ; and white church spire,
Silently pointing the pilgrim to the life beyond that is higher.
Virtue, contentment and thrift here in peace and unity dwell ;
Voices of air and wood in chorus their gladness tell ;
Nature, and bounty of heaven, and labor of man unite
Every creature to please and every sense to delight.
To-day as the clans of the Dutch invade this fair scene
now teeming with wealth and dotted with citv, town and
village and hamlet, for the second and the third time, as
they come not with Conestoga wagon or on foot, but in the
stately caravans drawn along the river curves and moun-
tain bends by iron horse, with the smoke of countless shops
and factories ascending like grateful incense to a smiling
Providence it is my extreme delight to welcome you to the
hearths and the hearts of the people of Lebanon ; and .
Portia I say to you " Sirs, you are welcome to our house :
It must appear in other ways than words, therefore I scant
this breathing courtesy." And I trust, ere the day is out,
you will feel like answering back in the language of Pan-
dora, in Longfellow's " Masque of Pandora," as siie
replied to Epimetheus :
" How beautiful is this house ! The atmosphere
Breathes rest and comfort, and the many chambers
Seem full of welcome."
On behalf of the city of Lebanon its mayor, the Hon.
Abram Hess, then extended the following cordial grec:
12 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
Greeting from the City of Lebanon.
To the Gentlemen of the Pennsylvania- German Society.
If I understand aright my function upon this plea-
occasion, it is to add the official greeting, so to speak. :
the City of Lebanon, to the welcomes you -have already
received and will receive. It is in a figurative wav to
extend to you the keys of the City.
My duty is collateral. It is coincident with the handing
over to you the keys to the hearts of our citizens. Or
haps it is subsequent rather than coincident. For, upon
second thought, I am inclined to think you possessed
" Open Sesame " to our hearts and affections, even before
you arrived within our gates. In truth, the duties of this
occasion, pleasing though they be, may be regarded as
merely formal and non-essential. You know from the
nature of things that you need no special assurance from
me or from any one else, of the welcome for visiting
Pennsylvania-Germans that dwells in every true Lebanon
heart and you can quickly infer that the freedom of this
municipality is yours without the asking.
How could it be otherwise in the town reputed to have
been founded by one who bore the name oi George St
I do not need to tell you of this and like illustrious names
and what they stand for in the past or what they stand for
in this day and generation. I do not need to speak of
Lebanonions' pride of ancestry, the pride that rests upon
their sturdy German origin ; the pride that flows from rec-
ognition to-day in themselves of those attributes that tell of
Teutonic stock, unmistakable even where occasionally
blended with other strains. I need not do all this nor could
I becomingly in this presence, before this audience where
are so many competent to give instructions upon this fruit-
ful theme, rather than receive information from me.
Greeting from City of Lebanon. 13
It is not my purpose to trespass upon forbidden pre-
serves. There are at hand those who are rarely qualil
delightfully competent, not only to recount all that is
known of our beloved Pennsylvania-German blood,
whose scholastic achievements, learning, research and
natural gifts, oratorical and otherwise, can enable them to
add to the sum total of knowledge along this line, su
have reason to believe they will do ere final adjournment ot
these annual sessions is reached.
I am aware then of the presumption that would be in-
volved in my alluding to the purposes of this assembly,
further than in mere illustration of the message it is r.
to convey, and a message at that, which you already com-
prehend ; the message which a Pennsylvania-German
community gives to Pennsylvania-Germans, assembled to
do honor to an ancestry to which all alike lay claim a:
which all alike rejoice. For even in an official capa
this human side of the question must assert itself.
quaint and often misconstrued expression, that a corpora-
tion has no soul, may invite the comment that a munici-
pality is but a corporation and that speaking as the repre-
sentative of such, I might not have the latitude acco:
some other, to whom is committed likewise the plea- g
task of uttering words of greeting. But whatever
ancient legal commentator may have meant in his allusion
to the soullessness of corporations, and, by parity oi
soning, of municipalities, I here aver that the municip
of Lebanon has a soul and it has a heart, and that the}
When Pennsylvania-Germans invade Lebanon it is like
the historic invasion of Holland by the Dutch. It is en-
tirely within bounds to say that Lebanon surrenders to the
besieging party on sight, and when the invasion is over
14 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
and the invaders have gone, will gladly bid them to c
and capture us again.
The response to these kindly greetings was most
made by General John E. Roller, of Harrisonburg,
Response on Behalf of the Pennsylvania-German
Society by General John E. Roller, to i
Address of Welcome to the Society
the City of Lebanon, Pa.
In one of the most thrilling and interesting narrative
personal experiences in the late war, written bv an old
comrade, which has just come from the press, under the
title of " Four Years Under Marse Robert," the
told, how one of the most distinguished Generals o:
Army of Northern Virginia, an old time governor o:
State of Virginia, then the commander of a divisioi
that army, and afterwards Governor of the State of
ginia for a second term, had the honor to march in:
old city of York, the band by his order, playing 4< Di
and then " Yankee Doodle," and so on alternately, and
how he bowed to the pretty girls as he saw them or.
right and on the left, and made himself as gracious and
as acceptable as he ever was in the Old Dominion,
how the people gathered around him, and the old fcl
made a characteristic stump speech to them, and was en-
thusiastically cheered by the audience.
The story is told too in reference to the visit of the A:
of Northern Virginia to Pennsylvania: how the child
who had at first thought it necessary to hide for fear of
the rebels, of whose ferociousness wonderful stories had
been told them, soon began to find out that they
but men, after all, and of kindly heart and temper.;::
and my comrade tells how he himself captured one I
Response by General Roller. 15
boy, five or six years of age, who had hidden at first under
his bed clothes, and how he soon had him in his lap.
how they became the best of friends. He tells also that
as they sat there, a little brother of some ten or twelve
summers burst into the gate, breathless with excitement,
exclaiming, " Oh ! Mother, mother may Lgo over into the
Camp with the rebels? They are the nicest men I
saw and they are going to camp right out here in the
woods, and they are going to have a dance, too." The
boy had gotten among the Creoles of the Louisiana Troops,
who were accustomed to end their march with a pin
on the greensward, and the fame of whose " stag dan,
which came, at any time after a great march, or just before
a big battle, were the theme of the whole army.
If such incidents could occur in the time of the £reat
civil war, why may not an old rebel make his appearance
in the old State of Pennsylvania and respond, on h
of his historical associates and brethren, to an address of
welcome from the City of Lebanon? Your own Governor
is my far away kinsman. I live in the old residence of
Isaac Pennypacker of Pennsylvania-German stock,
was at one time United States Senator from Virginia and
Judge of our Federal Court. I bear in my veins some of
the Pennypacker blood, and am descended from Pennsyl-
vania ancestors in every line. At Ephrata, !a>r yt
one of the speakers at the unveiling of the mom:
the Revolutionary soldiers buried there, I was introduced
as a " great grandson of Lancaster County" because my
great grandfather had been baptised in the old first church
in that historic city, and when Governor Pennypacker I
year or two since sent me a copy of his historical article
on Massachusetts, he accompanied it with an epigram which
to me is one of the most pleasing and acceptable that I
1 6 The Pen?isylva?iia-Ger?nan Society.
have ever had sent me. It is this : " Virginia and Penn-
sylvania, the two states that have bred the soldiers and
fought the wars of America."
It is a fact well known to those who have given the sub-
ject any investigation whatever — the true historians of
the land — that prior to the time when the Alleghenies
could be crossed and settlements made beyond them with
safety, the great stream of exploration and discovers* and
of internal emigration, in the Colonies, was along wholly
different lines, from the highways, which were opened
later. The routes, which the ancestors of a large element
of our people followed in settling the country east of the
great Appalachian chain of mountains are to me, and to
the members of this Society, of far deeper interest than the
paths by which, later on, they crossed the same mountains.
As an illustration of my meaning it may be mentioned that
one of the most interesting queries of the day is this : From
what direction was the great Valley of the Shenandoah in
the Old Dominion settled? That the first white man who
ever looked upon it came from the East is established be-
yond all doubt, by that rare and interesting publication,
the " Journal of John Lederer"; and it must not be for-
gotten, too, that he was of German descent, yet from what
quarter the first of the actual settlers came is not so clear.
If Adam Miller of the " Great Shenandoah " was the first
settler, the records of the Perkiomen Region show that he
came to Virginia from the Valley of Perkiomen, near Phil-
adelphia. If Henry Funk was the first settler, then the
fact that he had a child named for the noted Kelpius pr
that he also came into the Shenandoah Valley from Penn-
sylvania on the North. If Maria Elizabeth Gerber, a fol-
lower of Kelpius, she to whom he addressed M in Vir-
ginia " in 1704, a long epistle, warning her against the
Response by General Roller. 17
doctrines and practices of the Quakers, was the rirst or
among the first of the settlers of that historic region, she
must have come also from the proximity of the cell of the
hermit on the Wissahickon.
It must be admitted that this data is exceedingly meager
and fragmentary at best, and that the inferences to be de-
duced thereform are but shadowy and inconclusive. But
they become much more significant as time has elapsed ;
and as nothing to contradict them has come before us, they
have grown to be conclusive.
There cannot be a shadow of a doubt that later on when
the great stream of emigration began to tind its way into
the Valley, crossing the Potomac at the Point of Ro
or farther West at the Shallow Ford, at Shepherdstown, or
at the noted crossing at the mouth of Conococheague, or
Falling Waters, it followed the line of travel which had
been established within the mountains by the pioneers of
that day, and pursuing these rugged paths, into the South
and South-west, they found homes, and settled in many
of the valleys of the great mountains that shut then 1 .
The more adventurous of these restless spirits pushed on
into the Carolinas and into North Georgia, being con-
strained to find homes east of the great mountains as they
got farther south, because of the tierce Cherokee*, by
whom they were excluded from the valleys of the Ten-
That these highways were the most important of Colo-
nial days is shown by the results that have followed them
whereby the restless home-seekers of those days, the Ger-
man and Scotch-Irish, in large numbers, and the Sw
French and Swedish, the latter three in fewer numb
having occupied the most fertile and delightful territo:
the whole American Continent, have married and inter-
18 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
married until by that sort of commingling they have pro-
duced a noted stock of people. It has made what Gover-
nor Wise has called " the invincible Cohee Cn
I have been told by one of our most noted antiquarians,
the lamented Dr. Egle, your former State Librarian and
the author of most interesting notes upon Pennsylvania
Genealogy and History, that in his researches into the
history of Pennsylvania families, he found mention made
in more than one will or deed, of the son, or daughter in
Virginia or the Carolinas, and I laughingly told I
"Yes, I knew that, and it tells this story, that whenever
there was an especially bright and enterprising member of
a family, he or she as the case might be, made his on her
way southward, and helped to people the Valley of the
Shenandoah and other southern points, and left the lame
and the halt behind, to people the Old State of Pennsyl-
vania," which he admitted was a good joke from my
Under the rules of this Society the descendants of those
Colonists of German stock who went out from this old State
of Pennsylvania are entitled to share in its membership,
and in its honors. Are they unworthy of these privileges
because in the great " War Between the Sta
it, or the " War of the Rebellion," as some of our friends
in the North insist upon calling it, they took sides in the
defence of their homes with the southern people ? As to
this, I for one do not accept the sentiment oi our P
dent, Mr. Roosevelt, in his address at Antietam
tember last to the effect that —
"Every friend of liberty, every believer in self govern-
ment, every idealist who wished to see his ideals take
practical shape wherever he might be in the world, knew
that the success of all in which he most believed was
Response by General Roller . 19
bound up with the success of the Union armies in that
great struggle," — at Antietam and those throughout the
But, upon the contrary, I submit that we should accept
rather the sentiments of another : one of ripe judgment
and bright scholarship, a soldier who fought under the
Stars and Stripes in the Great War, a scion of a distin-
guished and noted family, whose ancestors themselves filled
the same presidential chair, and who has as much right to
speak as any other, who declared that as he M read the
record and understood the facts in the case of direct and
insoluble issue, between sovereign State and sover-
Nation, between 17SS and 1S61, every man was not only
free to decide, but had to decide for himself, and which-
ever way he decided, he ivas right. The Constitution
gave him two masters. Both he could not serve, and the
average man decided which to serve, in the light of the
sentiment, tradition, and environment."
It is a fact well known to intelligent men that the vast
and overwhelming majority of men who fought for the
Southern Cause did not fight for slavery, and never
thought of themselves as fighting for the preservation of
slavery, for they neither owned slaves, nor cared to own
them, or expected ever to own them. Neither did I
fight for the right of secession or for the Southern inter
tation of the Constitution. Virginia was for the Union by
an overwhelming majority and had so voted, and
had persisted in her refusal to join the seceding states
steadily and faithfully, notwithstanding the e.xciteme:
the day, and the tremendous intluences and forces that
were bein< T brought to bear to bring her into the conflict
along side of her sister States of the South ; and she so
continued, until there came the call of Abraham Lincoln
20 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
for troops for the purpose of making war. Then it was
that the most extreme anti-secessionists and anti-war men
in the Virginia Convention became the most enthusiastic
men in the Commonwealth in the advocacy of war and
in their service in it.
The leaders of the old Whig Party vied -with the lead-
ers of the Democratic Party in their devotion to the St
and, as Mr. Lincoln was quickly informed, there were
" no Union men in Virginia." At that moment the senti-
ment " My country, may she always be right, but right or
wrong, my country," inspired the decision and aroused
the enthusiasm of a united people.
Fain would I believe that the organization of this So-
ciety upon broad and patriotic lines, such that the Confed-
erate soldier may enroll himself therein without abasement,
imports that the time has come when the attitude in which
he stood at the beginning of the war may now be appre-
ciated and when it may be admitted that he responded to
the call of his country, as one made upon his honor, his
patriotism, his courage, his fidelity.
Oh! I believe the mists are breaking — and through the
rift the clear sunlight is shining. That in order to give
the Union soldier — the victor in the civil war — due credit
for his heroic endurance and achievements, it will be a
necessity to attribute to the Confederate soldier no less
respect for principle, no less reverence for right and no
less love for all that is noblest and best for government,
than to the other.
The men of Pennsylvania-German descent who fought
in the Southern armies are not ashamed oi the part we
took in that war. We do not feel that we are any i
credit to the race from which we spring, and it is affirmed
with confidence, that when the history shall have been
Response by General Roller. 21
written of the part borne by the sons of the Pennsylva:
German element in the Confederate armies, there will be
no brighter page in the records of this Society than that.
In the famous Pickett's charge, his men were com-
manded by at least two brigadier generals, who were Vir-
ginia soldiers of German descent. The North Carolina
troops were commanded in many instances by soldiers of
the same stock. One family alone is said to have fur-
nished as many as five general officers to the Southern
Army. Another family furnished two or more, and there
were other families of German blood, that furnished indi-
vidual soldiers who were equally distinguished. Besides
these soldiers of Pennsylvania-German descent from the
South, I know of at least two instances, where men claimed
the individual right to decide for themselves the side upon
which they should serve and who, though living in Penn-
sylvania at the time, decided to cast their lots with the
In speaking of those men of Pennsylvania-German
blood in the Southern army I must not fail to tell you of
an incident about which I have often spoken with pleasure.
I remember well the descendant of old Lancaster Co\
stock, to whom it relates — the adopted son of a southern
city, identified with the people of the south by marr:
and by every other interest except that of birth. He had
entered the Southern army as a subordinate otficer, and
had risen to distinction in the famous Army of Northern
Virginia — an army which had in it as many men of dis-
tinction and heroic courage as any army that ever existed
on earth in any war. He was a little older than we young
fellows of the staff, and had become somewhat bald. He
loved to be with young girls, and that too, the prettiest he
could find and we were half jealous of the reception they
22 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
gave him because of his distinguished career and fame.
A few week before the city of Petersburg was evacuated
I attended a Lenten service at the old St. Paul's churcl
hat city. It was in range of the guns of the Feo
army, but that did not deter the young ladies frorr.
ing the service and did not deter the young men who could
get away from the army with passes or could get away
without being required to have a pass, from flocking to
the evening service. One bright March arternoon when
the wind was blowing a great gale around the corners oi
the church while we were waiting outside after the service
was over for the young ladies whom we were expecting
and whom we were in the habit of admiring to come out,
this Pennsylvania-Dutchman made his appearance at the
top of the steps with a Miss Boiling, a descendant or
Pocahontas and John Rolfe, a member of one of the most
noted families of Virginia. Possessed of a most charming
personality, an elegant figure, rosy cheeks and exqr.
beauty, she was as enticing a picture as one could wish to
see. By her side was our friend. As she stood there for
a moment, the wind caught her skirts and fluttered them
in the air. The same gust caught the chapeau oi our gal-
lant friend, adorned with gold lace all around it, and as it
was swept around the corner of the church he had to
down the steps and engage in an unseemingly sort of race
to catch it, while mischievous beauty stood at the tOj
the steps and laughed at his discomfiture. But he go:
hat all the same and went off with the beauty in triumph.
She afterwards became the wife of the most (listing
son of Robert E. Lee — General Rooney Lee. There
was no discredit to the Pennsylvania-German .stock in the
career and fame of that son of Lancaster County, and
there should be no refusal it seems to me in this Society to
Response by General Roller. 23
feel a generous pride in the story of the achievements
which were held to entitle him to associate with the fai
and best of earth.
Let this Society move onward with its noble work. Its
records have already become imperishable. What it has
done is immortal. Let it move on to greater triumph.
Let us have from competent hands the history of the
Pennsylvania-German element in the wars of colonial
times ; the history of the same element in the War of the
Revolution; in the war of 1S12, and in the war with
Mexico. Then a grand volume as the history of the
Pennsylvania-German element in the Federal arnrnV
the War for the Union, and another volume almost as pre-
tentious and no less heroic or absorbing as the history of
the Pennsylvania-German element in the armies of the
Confederacy as constituting no feeble or imperfect part in
the history of our beloved country.
The Society, which you welcome to your hospitable
borders to-dav — let me add — is one to which I as a
Southerner am proud to belong, and if I have that sort of
pride, I think I can speak for the sons of Pennsylvania
who have a special right to claim that it is an honor to be
of its members. We thank you for the welcome yot:
given us. W r e shall endeavor to do no discredit to the
very gracious and princely manner in which you have
received us, and we feel sure we shall carry back with us
such pleasing and intensely gratifying recollections of our
stay among you that will make this meeting of the Penn-
sylvania-German Society the most noted of its ex:.-
2 4 *&& Pennsylvania-German Society.
The annual address of the President, the Rev. Joseph
A. Seiss, D.D., LL.D., L.H.D., was then read.
Ladies and Gentlemen, Members of the Pennsylvania-Ger-
The Constitution of this Society prescribes, that, at this
point of its proceedings, its President is to deliver an
dress. As Constitutions are meant to be obeved, mv pi
ent duty would seem to be clear and imperative. I will
therefore endeavor to fulfill it.
It was a good and wholesome thought, on the part of
men of our generation, which moved them to form and
sustain a Society looking to the securement of a just and
proper record of the lines, deeds and virtues of their an-
cestors, domiciled on Pennsylvania territory when our
Country was in incipient formation and nascent youth.
It may be accepted as an axiom, that the people who
take no pride in the lines and deeds of their ancestral
kin can hardly expect to make a record for themselves
which their descendants will recall with admiration or note
with reverent regard.
It is also due to truth that the world should have a cor-
rect knowledge of the histories, principles, and activities
of the peoples influential in fashioning our American civili-
zation, and in the making of our State and Country.
Much has been commendably done in this line resp
ing those of other blood than those represented in
Society; but, prior to the past decade, only meagre, un-
fair, and often untrue, were the accounts current touching
our ancestors, settled upon these western shores and lamil-
iarly called the Pennsylvania-Germans. People of other
races or derivations, participant in the formation of Ameri-
can Society and institutions, have had ample and merited
notice and record in the Country's annals. The reading
public, and the schools have been favored with many
glowing pages respecting the Virginia Colonists, the New
England Puritans, the Quakers, the 'Hollanders, the
Scotch-Irish, and the Huguenots ; but very little was ever
said, and that little often grossly miscolored, respecting
the class whence the members of this association have
scended, although their priority and worth in the forma-
tion of our great Republic, entitle them to a far more
honorable place in history than has been awarded them.
Not for a moment would I criticise the zeal and fervency
with which the descendants of other classes have set forth
in eulogistic eloquence, song and historic statement, what
their ancestors were and did in influencing and fashio:
the life and character of the Institutions of this new world.
In those great achievements there is M glory enough for
all." Nevertheless it is not to be suppressed or over-
looked that men and women of Germanic blood and
ture, and in large numbers, had part in the business, and
were not mere cyphers in the creation, moulding, and
maintenance of our common inheritance ; and whose s:
when fully told, will be found as full of interest as that of
the most emphasized and lauded.
Dr. Stille, himself a distinguished historian and scholar,
has put upon record, that, " Of all the races which settled
on the soil of Pennsylvania, the German forms a very
important part of the bed-rock of the civilization of the
State. What can a man know of that civilization who is
ignorant of the special history of the Pennsylvania-Ger-
mans ! Much that is falsely called history has been written
without such knowledge."
26 The Pennsylvania-German Society.
Hence the need of such an organization as this Sodd
animated with activity and zeal to bring forth the facts
with reference to these people and their descendants, who
have been too little understood, and quite too cava'.
It would be ungenerous and unjust to attribute this ignor-
ing and desparagement of the Pennsylvania-Germans, to
any ill intent on the part of writers on American Hisfc
Most of them, doubtless, honestly did the best they knew
and believed, but from disadvantageous standpoints and
without the necessary research to qualify them to do justice
to the subject. In the absence of such investigation,
writers naturally would be influenced bv prepo>>essions in
favor of people with whom they were better acquainted.
It is also much easier to compass and master the history
of those whose records are all accessible in the language
of the writers, than to form just estimates of people of other
tongues, and less within easy reach of one's personal knowl-
edge and observation. At least, historians and narrators
are human, with their share of human infirmities. Even
when they think thev have everything in hand for accu-
rate and full statement, mistakes, partialities, miscolorings,
omissions, and defects of judgment, are liable to occur,
and re-writing and supplements become necessary to bring
out " the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth."
Popular impressions and traditions also are not altogether
trustworthy, as I have found, on a small scale, concer:
myself even in the worthy publications of this Society,
Vol. VI., p. 109.
As to the people called the Pennsylvania-Germans, the
defects, omissions, and misapprehensions that have tg
and again appeared in our national literature, were, for
loner time, so marked and so deeply felt by the four./
Presiden t's A ddress . 2 7
of this Society that they deemed it well worth their while
to band together in an organized effort to gather and pre-
sent to the public a better and true account of these people,
particularly as participants and factors in the formation or
the life and civilization of this great state and nation.
It is not assumed or pretended by the-members of this
Society that we shall be able to make report on regions so
unknown and difficult of access as the North pole ; nor to
rival the work of the Palestine Exploring Fund ; nor to
watch the exhumations of Schlieman at Mycenae, or Flin-
ders Petrie in Egypt ; nor to recover lost records of extinct
peoples as the Hittites of antiquity, or such marvellous
archeological finds as reported from the mounds of Nippur
by the commissions of our own Pennsylvania University.
Nevertheless, we count on bringing to light many items of
fact, biography, incident, and honorable achievement,
historic interest and worth, touching one of our own home
peoples. And as it is the chief end and purpose of this As-
sociation "to perpetuate the memory and foster the princi-
ples and virtues of the German ancestors of its membe
we deem it worthy of the respect and encouragement of all
generous minded Americans, and especially of all descend-
ants of the Pennsylvania-Germans, and representative
This Society was organized, April 15, 1891. It can
hardly be said to be a dozen years old. But in these feu-
years of its existence, and only now entering upon its te
it can point to some noble and effective work, which has
been impressing the writers of history, and will much more
impress them as the years roll on. It has also Bttnu
to itself men of character, position, influence, and literary
eminence, whose aid will tell. And, on the ground of its
aim and merits, I may say that its membership should be
many times double what it is.
28 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
The publications of this Society already number eleven
volumes, from one hundred to five hundred pages each. A
brief index of the chief topics treated, which our pains-
taking and worthy Secretary has furnished, is itself a neat
little booklet. Libraries, Historical Societies, Collej
and students of the history of our country, applv for these
volumes, and entire editions of some of them have been
quite exhausted, and out of print. In these books, a large
body of varied and detailed historical data and fact, here-
tofore but little known, and largely inaccessible, has been
given to the English-reading public.
With much interest and edification I have mvself cone
through these ample volumes. I have found in them
Historical Papers, Addresses, Translations of rare and
valuable Records, special Histories, enlightening Treatises,
and varied Documents, some so elaborate and exhaustive
as to show the patient and persevering research character-
istic of the German mind. Some of the speeches given,
glow with eloquence and blaze with fact and feel:
And those who carefully and appreciatively read these
books will be surprised by the richness and value of their
If any one wishes to learn the affecting story of the
Pennsylvania-Germans, — their advent and place in this
Commonwealth, — their principles, sufferings and virtues,
— their language and literature, — their educational Id
and influence, — what they and their descendants h
done and are doing in the various departments of human
activity and usefulness, including natural science, %\i
manship, law, medicine, journalism, authorship, church,
school, and state, these volumes will furnish help not
elsewhere to be found.
And it is worthy of note to the credit of this Society,
President's Address. 29
that its creation and productions have awakened a whole-
some interest in its themes, touched and inspired (
hearts, and moved other pens and publishers. Book 1
book, relating to the field we have started to cultivate, has
appeared, some of these of large and permanent value,
and others which received their stimulus, and par:':'.- their
materials, from the records of this Society, and the writings
and researches of its members.
But, with all, the work to be done is only in its primary
stages. We have successfully opened a mine o:
we are able to show only a few specimens ; but thev are
such as give promise of rich results to those who 'nave the
patience, perseverance and intelligence to dig for them.
Evidently, " There remaineth yet much land to be .
sessed." Some of the topics thus far treated still ;.
completion, and sundry others have not been touched, or
only incidentally, which need to be thoroughlv examined
and formally elaborated. There be many public and
private records and documents bearing upon the -
of our inquiries which remain to be sought for, consulted,
It would be a matter of interest, in the tracing of our
remoter pedigree, to know more about the Norsemen, and
their race-relationship to our Teutonic ancestry : esp< dally
as the first permanent settlement on the soil which became
Pennsylvania was made by these Xorseland : pie,
from whom it is claimed that Washington himself
It is also important to our aims to ascertain more fully
the number and proportion of Germans included in the
Swedish Colony on the Delaware, and the influence of the
Germans in determining the liberal Christian principles on
which the Colony was fashioned and com':
30 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
larly, as the Prime Minister under whom it was established
was, by birth and education, a German.
Of equal historic interest would it be to have a full ar.d
correct account of what Germans and Germanic pe< :
and ideas had to do with the formation and succe-
colony of William Perm, and his indebtedness to them for
the development and efficiency of those features of
administration for which he is most commended and
lauded. Apart from the charter which he received from
the king of England, his activities were with the Germ i i
and the Germanic peoples more than with the Eng!
and his dependence upon them was much greater than is
generally supposed. The world still awaits an authentic
account of these particulars.
There is also a very wide field for investigation and
report concerning this Pennsylvania-German race, in this
and many other states, during the past two hundred y
— a field which bristles with distinguished personal bi _-
raphies, patriotic fidelities, heroic adventures, brilliant
achievements, and varied successes in peace and war, in
church and state — a held which largely lies fallow.
without distinctive credit to our Pennsylvania-German
blood, a full portraiture and valuation of which, in ih
United States, remains to be given, and should be care-
fully traced. Much valuable and surprising information
would doubtless thus be elicited.
Very distinguished in its history and status is this grand
old Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Although fou:.
largely r by sectarists and dissenters, they were men of :
and piety, and the friends and advocates of freedom
righteousness. Montesquiere is witness that her to:
tion was " an instance, unparalleled in the world's
of the foundation of a great state laid in peace, justice, and
Preside n t's A d dress . 3 1
equality." Her fundamental principles, from which she
has never departed, were, at the period of their adoption,
far in advance of all other American Colonies, and so 1
sonable and moderate as to find general adoption, while no
one yet has found cause to fault them.
In weight and force, as well as in geographical location,
Pennsylvania was the Keystone in the arch of the original
thirteen States ; and, with all the advancement and expan-
sion of the nation, that place she still influentially holds.
The old law: *' As Pennsylvania goes, so goes the
nation," has had very few exceptions in fact. From her
very start, she was foremost in conserving what fashioned
and most distinguishes the great Union of free States
under the flag of stars and stripes designed by a woman
Six generations of stalwart patriots have risen and passed
in comfort and happiness under the shielding care and tute-
lage of this great Commonwealth : and most liberally has
she contributed to the peopling of other States, built in the
beauty of her own likeness, and rejoicing in the sunshine
of the same blessed Union. Her genial spirit has pene-
trated far and wide, and now pulsates from ocean to ocean,
and around the world, and will thus continue to
so long as this nation lives, and its principles abide in force
It was in Pennsylvania's chief city that the colonial rep-
resentatives met when first moving toward national e
ence ; that the declaration of our Independence was written
and passed ; that the Federal Constitution was framed and
sent out for adoption. Here the great Washington pre-
sided as head of the Convention which formulated
Constitution, and then as the first President under it.
Pennsylvania was the first to recognize and treat the red
3 2 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
men of the forest as people with human souls and human
rights; and her citizens were the first on this side of the
sea to raise protest against the buying and selling of
Pennsylvania was prompt and prominent in the struggles
for our independence, and ever dutiful and'faithful to her
place and pledges as a member of the great Confederation.
Nor was there a State to excel her in promptness, enei
and self-sacrifice in defence of the Union which she had
so much helped to establish. And from the beginning
until now, Pennsylvania's contributions, in men, measures,
and everything pertaining to our nation's strength and
glory, abundantly demonstrate her right to her exalted
eminence in the constellation of our united sovereignties.
Meanwhile, what about the people of Teutonic blood,
who constituted so large a part of Pennsylvania's popula-
tion from its very beginning until this present? Sprung
from a race whose superior virtues were eulogized by the
Roman historian, Tacitus, eighteen hundred yean ago,
and whose just estimate of them all history since has
confirmed, had they no part or share in the illust:
achievement? Many of them, having been violently
spoiled of their European homes, rights and • ons,
because of their inflexible devotion to their conviction
truth, righteousness, and sacred duty, and having he
ally braved unspeakable trials and hardships to reach the
land of freedom and religious toleration, were they no:
bodiments of the very qualities of which alone
monwealths are made? And how could it he other-.-.
than that from them should come great help in mould
the life and civilization of our State, and of the whole
continent of North America.
Our Society has begun to give answer upon these
Presiden t's A ddrcss . 3 3
and is constitutionally set to follow up the subject to a
greater fullness of the showing. A few impressive facts
have come to me which I here may note.
It is a fact, that the first two men who exercised govern-
mental rule on Pennsylvania territory were Germans.
The greatest drill-master in Washington's army, and the
wise military counsellor of its commander, was a German.
A large proportion of those composing that army, M
Germans or of German extraction. The men and women
who did most to clothe and feed that army in its time of
greatest need and destitution — to shelter and nurse its
sick and wounded, and to give decent burial to its dead,
were of the same Germanic peoples. One of the ablest
generals in the revolutionary struggles, whose brav
turned the scale in the final victory, was of the same
blood, and a Pennsylvanian, whose father was one of the
most efficient missionaries and church organizers this
country ever had. The first Speaker of the House of
Representatives of the first Congress of the United States
was a Pennsylvanian and a member of the same family.
About a dozen of the Governors of this Commonwealth
were the sons of Pennsylvania-Germans, some of whom
were the foremost advocates of what has done so much for
the general benefit of our population. And the man who
now occupies and adorns that high office, is of the same
German blood and lineage, and an honored member of
this Society, whose literary contributions have greatly
added to the influence of its publications. And we need
only search the records to find that the Germans ot Penn-
sylvania and their descendants in this and many other
states, have been, and are, among the most useful, patri-
otic and distinguished citizens, in industrial, COmmen
legislative, judicial, military, educational, ecclesiastical,
34 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
literary and every other department of activity and in-
Few there have been to investigate the historv of this
people, and to speak for them as they deserve, and those
who have spoken have mostly failed to understand them
or to do them justice. Much honor therefore to the
founders and members of this society for its successful
establishment, for its noble purpose to investigate and put
upon open record the dormant facts in the stirring
of the Pennsylvania-Germans and their descendants, and
for the marked success which has already attended its
efforts. May its achievements in the past be the prophecy
and beginning of greater accomplishments in the futu
And now, before I close, bear with me for a remark
which may not be altogether acceptable, but which I deem
worthy of the Society's consideration.
I notice in the proceedings of the meeting of 1S94, that
the gentleman selected to welcome the Society, said, •• A
few days ago I was asked, seriously, whether the address
of welcome would be made in Pennsylvania-German !
So also, after the adjournment of last year's convention,
a leading Philadelphia daily printed a notice of us in these
words : " The Germans had a meeting in Xorris:
night and elected Dr. Seiss President" ! That was the
whole report ! And only a few days ago, I was asked by
one of the city clergy, whether I was to give my present
address in German I
As I do not count myself a German, nor an adept in the
use of the German language, my thoughts turned to the
Name and Title of our Association, and the conch.
reached was that it is misleading to outsiders, and ur.i..
able to the repute and advancement ot our cause. Km I
understand it ours is not a German Society, no: I S
Presiden t's A del r ess . 3 5
of Germans. It is a question whether it has a German in
it, or can have. Nor are all our members resident Penn-
sylvanians. Whether by birth, language, or citizenship,
we are not proper Germans, nor even all Pennsylvania-
Germans, although we are all descendants of Germans,
who, from three to five generations back settled upon what
is now Pennsylvania territory. Most of us have our homes
in this State, and most of us understand, and some of us
speak the German language, und audi Pcnnsyhjanisch
Deutdi; but no member of our Gcsdsdiaft is in any proper
sense a German, except in remote extraction. Sprung
from Pennsylvania-Germans, we are all Americans, and
all use the English language. Our official transactions
are all conducted in English. Our Constitution and By-
laws exist only in English. Our form of application for
membership is exclusively English. All our publications
are in English, except a few illustrations here and there to
show what the dialect of Pennsylvania-German is. And
the language of our Society, as such, is in fact, entirely
English — the prevailing language of our common Country,
its courts, its laws and its principal schools, whatever facil-
ities our members may possess in the use of other tong
But nothing of this appears, or is at all recognized, in
our present name, which, on the contrary, suggests what
is not literally true, and creates, as it has created, the
erroneous impression that we are foreign Germans, merely
resident in Pennsylvania. Hence it is not strange that
outsiders, who know no better, should so rate and adver-
It is, therefore, my feeling and belief, which I here ven-
ture to express that it would be well to consider the c
tion of a change of our Society's name, and to invent one
which will better describe what we are, and which will not
36 The Pennsylvania-German Society.
so much confuse and mislead those who have no other
means of knowing us. It may not be kindly taken that a
comparatively new comer should so speak. And if so be
that any are displeased with the suggestion, I beg that mv
temerity may be excused, as I have only expressed what I
believe would be of value to our cause.
And now, with thanks to the Society for the honors it
has conferred upon me, and to this audience for its patient
attention to what I have said, I conclude this address.
The annual report of the Secretary, H. M. M. Richards,
was then presented.
Gentlemen: — While the amount of work done bv vour
Executive Committee, and the Secretarv, during the vear
just happily concluded, has been by no means light or easv,
yet it has been of a character rather to be demonstrated
by results than by words. Therefore, my report for
meeting will be necessarily brief, and fortunately so as
that, in itself, is an indication of the fact that we have been
wafted, during the past months, by gentle and pleasant
breezes over a smooth sea, and have not been buffeted by
adverse storms nor tossed about on the angry waves of
Unfortunately, the result of some of our work has not
yet been made apparent to the members. Because of
sickness mainly, and through other entirely unavoidable
causes of delay, our annual volume is not yet in their
hands. I am glad to report, however, that it is now prac-
tically ready for issue, and I feel assured that everyone
will be amply repaid, shortly, for the annoyance to which
they have been subjected.
Treasurer's Re fort.
Our membership has now reached the encouraging total
of 456. We have received during the year 50 accessions
to our number, and have been called upon to lament the
loss of 5 by death.
"Without haste, without rest," we have been steadily
pushing forward towards the high mark which has \
set before us as our goal. May the same divine guidance,
which was a shield and protection to our fathers, continue
to be with us until we attain the end.
H. M. M. Richards,
Treasurer's Report Pennsylvania-German
Society for the Year Ending
October i, 1903.
Cash on hand October 1, 1902, as per report.
Life account $250.00
General account 632.49
Dues received 6S4.00
Book acct. received 256.00
Certificate acct 3.00
Cr. by Vouchers 3*4*55
Cash in bank 1,50569
•« on hand 5.25
Dues received since closing report
October 1 606.00
Total Cash to Society's Cr. 52,116.94
Julius F. Sach> .
38 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
The report of the Treasurer was referred to an auditing
committee, composed of the following gentlemen ! Dr.
Daniel W. Nead, Dr. W. H. Reed and Rev. J. YV. Early,
who in due time reported having examined the accounts
and found them to be correct.
Election of Officers.
The election of officers which then took place results:
follows: President, Rev. Joseph A. Seiss, D.D., LL.D.,
L.H.D., of Philadelphia, Pa.; Vice-Presidents, Henry
Clay Grittinger, of Lebanon, Pa., and Ira C
Schock, of Selinsgrove, Pa. ; Secretary, H. M. M. Rich-
ards, of Lebanon, Pa. ; Treasurer, Julius F. E
Litt.D., of Philadelphia, Pa., Executive Committee, Rev.
Theo. E. Schmauk, D.D., of Lebanon, Pa., and Rev.
Nathan C. Schaeffer, Ph.D.,D.D., of Lancaster, Pa.
The morning session came to a fitting close with the
reading of a " Brief Historical Sketch of Lebanon and
Surroundings" by the Rev. P. C. Croll, of Lebanon, Pa.
Lebanon and its Environs ; A Brief
Fitting words of greeting have already been apok<
welcoming to this city of and by the Pennsy] -Ger-
mans this distinguished body of well-blooded, V
purposed sons of the Saxon immigrant. Suitable words
of response, by a chosen spokesman of our honored guests,
have followed this greeting. It has been deemed add::
ally appropriate by our local committee to have aj
to these words of welcome a brief historical account of the
founding and important events in the checkered life oi this
city and community. In fact it was presumed that this
society, in spite of cordial greetings, might find itatU 10
JLebano)i and its Environs, 30
the situation of a certain legislative body, which, lo*t in a
maze of unravelable entanglement in the course 01 a
fusing discussion, found it necessary for someone to :
that a search be instituted to answer the puzzling (.;•..••
"Where, after all, are we at?" Believing that ma:
you are comparative strangers to the birth, life and growth
of this municipality and its environs, whither v
to be sojourners for a day or two, I have been cho en to
give you a brief introduction to the historical, biogra]
educational, social, religious and industrial lite 01
town of Colonial birth, of German founding, and o:
thrift and enterprise. I will, therefore, attempt to 1
in a few hastily gathered, local annals the story of this
city, which George Steitz founded on the Quittapal
more than one hundred and fifty years ago, and whose
present Scriptural name was awaiting it before its birth,
having been first given to a township of its original
by a band of German Jewish traders, who:>e fur-tracing
post was in this vicinity.
It is more than 175 years since the rirst pale-faced pil-
grims strolled along this Indian-named creek th::
our present city. It is at least that long ago since the in-
dustrious and cunning hands ot these early pioneer-
their first rude cabins of log along its banks. While
first foreign comers to these parts reached it iron:
southeast, by way of the port at Philadelphia, there 11
simultaneous wave of immigration by way of the
York Harbor, thence by the Hudson, Mohawk, Sd
Susquehanna, and Swatara valleys. Both these wav<
immigration were German and came t'rom the valle]
the Rhine, the Weser, the Xeckar, and the Main,
constituents came to take up permanant abode ; the
famous water-courses of this rich and beautiful
40 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
This occurred in the third decade of the 18th centurv, and
this was the first meeting of the Pennsylvania-Germa:.
this far-famed community. The only local committee of
arrangements to greet these early comers on their arrival
were the prowling Indians and the wild heasts. While
feathery warblers and the liquid melody of its babbling
brooks and the silvery sounds of its splashing streams, the
Tulpehocken, the Quittapahilla, and the Swatara furnished
the music for their entertainment. At once the babblings
of these streams were changed to suit their German e
"'Twas Yorrick Steitz and Ilannes Licht and Peter ECncber, who
On either bank now reared their homes to grow quite well-to-do,
The Kreiders, Orths, and Korsts came next, this influx grew 60
These streams their babbling had to change, from Indian into
Soon Penn's primeval forests in this region began to
echo the stroke of the woodman's axe, and presently the
plowman's voice and the hum of the gristmiller's wheel
were heard. In every cabin door was spoken the tongue
of the sturdy Saxon, and at every fireside it was daily
raised to Heaven in the songs and prayers of the pious
Palatine. Humble, scattered homes were everywhere
reared, roads and highways opened, forests felled, houses
of worship built and domestic necessities manufactured in
rudely constructed shops, forges, factories and mills. But
the language that was everywhere spoken, on the field and
in the factory, in church and at home, was that which
native in our common German Fatherland.
There are still to be found among us a few household
relics and architectural landmarks of these ; M
any of you should find time to walk through some ol our
city's oldest streets you would see probably a do/.en or
Lebanon and its Em
more of the first houses — low, one-storied cahins — built
here fully a century and a half ago, while in not I tew
homes are preserved the almost sacred domestic reli
these ancestors in the shape of plain but substantial ho
hold implements, furniture and tools. Among these curios
are clocks, chests, spinning-wheels, fowling pieces, pewter
and china-ware and a few yellow thumb-marked German
Bibles and books of devotion. A few of the most ancient
and historic landmarks of this immediate communitv have
recently been dismantled and destroyed. But we yet have
several conspicuous architectural relics of the eighteenth
century. At Eleventh and Maple streets of this city stands
to-day the old Light fort, substantially is it was erected bv
John Light (Johannes Licht ) in 1742. It is a two-and-a-
half storied stone building erected over a spring, with
arched cellar, air-flues, port-holes instead of windows, and
a broken or hip-roof. It is known to have served the pur-
poses of residence, house of worship, brewery, freight
wharf, fortification for first settlers against the Indians,
and in latter days has become a shelter for negroes, tra:
sparrows and bats. But its well-built walls still stand,
secure against a Jl uses and abuses. It is locallv most
commonly known as " Light's Old Fort," because within
the period of Indian depredation, during the French
Indian Wars, it safely sheltered as many as sixty \\
families at one time.
Another still older structure is the stone mill, about two
miles west of town which the Rev. John Caspet >
built in 1737-1740. Whilst it was originally built as I
dence and mill, it became a sort of missionary headquu
and rendezvous for the scattered German sellers on the
Qiiittapahilla. A few years previous (1733) ihb M
and inveterate Lutheran pastor had founded a I
4 2 The Pennsylvania-German Society,
station by the securing of church lands from the proprie-
taries, the organization of a congregation, and the building,
on a conspicuous shelf of the gravel hill that overl
this valley, of the first church edifice in the I. This
church, located about two and one-half miles west of town,
is variously known in old documents as the Hill Church
(" Die Berg Kirche "), and M the Church on the Quittapa-
hille." Within its first rude edifice hewn logs serve:
seats and racks were provided for the trusty flint-lucks and
other fire-arms the devout worshippers were compelled to
carry with them in self-defence against surprises from their
hostile Indian neighbors. This church, with many others
scattered over half a dozen counties of the State, and in
several of the other colonies, was served bv this energetic
Lutheran circuit rider of those eventful Colonial days
before he had taken up his residence here. After occupy-
ing his newly built mill-manse, he, for forty years supplied
his flock with bread both for body and soul from this mis-
sion center in the wilderness. When Indian troubles brewed
in the community a stockade was built about the home, the
ruins of which may yet be traced as evidence that here wa<
found covert and shelter for many from both bodily and
spiritual death. Yet Death found its way also within these
substantial walls. When on Ascension Day, May 13,
1779, the shepherd's infirmities necessitated a class of
catechumens to come to his home for confirmation, he had
scarcely finished this final ministerial act of the laying on
of his pastoral hands upon these young confessors, when
his spirit took its flight to the home of its ascended Lord,
whom he had served so long and energetically.
ashes are mouldering in the old " God's-acre" on the hill-
side, whither his flock either preceded or succeeded him.
A fitting monument was raised to his honor and unveiled
a little over eight years ago.
Lebanon and its Environs, 43
Another historic center of that early period is located on
the banks of this same Quitlapahilla, about a mile to the
east of our present meeting-place. Mere such staunch
German pilgrims as theOrths, Kuchers, Krauses, and
Lights had made settlement in the third and fourth d -
ades of this colonial century. Homes, -mills and work-
shops had been reared, when the missionary zeal of the Mor-
avian community, which had located at Bethlehem, on the
Lehigh, sent its heralds into these parts and, under the
direction of Count Zinzendorf, after making converts of
these Germans, proceeded to erect a church or prayer—
The land for this purpose was donated by Balthazar Orth,
the grandsire of the celebrated statesman of Indiana, the
late Hon. Godlove S. Orth. In 1750 this church was con-
secrated and the community received the name of Hebron,
after the ancient Israelitish city of refuge and the scene
of King David's first coronation. This edifice of the Mor-
avians was destined to have a long and eventful history.
For over a century and a half it stood and weathered the
storms of nature and national strife without, and the politi-
cal and ecclesiastical excitement within. For over a cen-
tury it housed the different presiding shepherds of the flock
and their families, who left us many volumes of well-
written memorabilia, still in hand, of the congregation's
and the community's life. It chronicles the routine and
the eventful incidents, the weather and the crops, the
cipline of an unruly member or the preaching of the
church's bishop, the incarceration here and unruly be-
havior, for many months, of several hundred Hessian
prisoners, and the surrender of Lord Cornwallis to Gen-
eral Washington at Yorktown. The walls oi this his:
edifice of stone, were ruthlessly taken down only a year
ago, to make room for modern-day improvements. In the
44 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
nearby God's-acre sleep the old worthies of this flock,
together with one of their bishops (Koehler). On at V
one memorial-stone the fact is recorded that the buried man
came to his death at the hands of the butchering Indi
Were I to lead you farther into the surrounding country,
it would be possible to map out a pilgrimage that is rich in
historic lore and abundant in the ancient shrines and land-
marks it embraces. It would include old Schaefferstown,
eight miles away, first known as Heidelbergtown, which
holds a hostelry where once flung out the sign of King
George the Third ; a church edifice, erected ten \
before the outbreak of our Revolutionary War, built by the
great-grandfather of the late Dr. Wm. Pepper, Provost of
the University of Pennsylvania, as chief carpenter, where-
in the second son of the patriarch of the Lutheran Church
in America, Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenr
afterwards the honored statesman and first speaker of the
lower house of our national Congress, for three yean
preached the word of life; the first public water-works in
the United States, which has supplied the town uninter-
ruptedly, with the best of beverages, for more than a hun-
dred and fifty years; and the ruins of an ancient Jev
synagogue and of Baron Stiegel's castle, where that early
Pennsylvania-German, iron magnate occasionally lived and
received in knightly splendor, long before that other and
modern-day Pennsylvania-German millionaire and steel-
king, Chas. M. Schwab, had guided the largest bus:;
combination of the world to the highest notch i -nd-
paying with one hand, and tossed about as a plaything one
of the largest ship-building enterprises with the other.
Such pilgrimage would lead down the peaceful Miiu
Valley, where reposes the dust of that German religious
enthusiast and servant of God, who founded the relii;
Lebanon and its Environs. az
denomination known as the Evangelical Association, and
died as its first bishop — Jacob Albright. It would lead
past the old colonial homesteads, where its first German
occupants fought the Indians or kept colored slaves, while
their homes held mural legends like these I
" Gott, besegne dieses Haus
Und alles was da geht em umraus."
Below and above this stream's confluence with the
Tulpehocken stretches the historic region made famous bv
Conrad Weiser and his pious and persevering Palatine-
refugees. Here every name has a story, every farm a
chapter, every church an epic and every church-yard an
unwritten elegy. Here volumes of Pennsylvania-German
history lie buried, and here names are inwoven that the
historian might well conjure with, the poet dream (
the philosopher study, the theologian discuss and the
biographer write in letters of gold.
But it becomes me to-day to confine myself more closely
to our queen city of the valley, bearing a Scriptural name
and wearing a girdle of iron and steeFabout her waist, and
a chaplet of iron and copper on her Cornwallian brow.
And so I shall speak of a few of the more salient events
and mention the more eminent names in the history of this
city, which has to-day received you into its hospitable
With the dawn of the sixth decade of the eighteenth
century a certain pious and thrifty German, by the name
of George Steitz, had taken up his abode on the bank
the " Snakehole" Creek, between the Moravian settlement
on the east and the Lutheran settlement on the west, had
laid out a part of his plantation into a town-plot, aiui
selling building-lots. Twenty-live years aiterwaid the
46 The Pennsylvania-German Society.
village was essentially a German dor/, transferred to
America, with its one-story, low-roofed, small-roomed
homes strung along its streets, which centered ahout a
market-square. The artisan'shops for weaver and clock-
maker, for carpenter and blacksmith, for cobbler and
gunsmith were going up on every side. Churches and
school-houses had moved to town and the faithful preacher
gave his people learned discourses by the hour, while the
irate teacher gave his ilock hickory and birchen
by the yard. But everybody spoke the language of the
Fatherland. The cook mixed her corn mutiins, the baker
kneaded his bread, the farmer sold his produce, the teacher
whipped his boys, the preacher prayed to God, and the
teamster swore at his oxen in Pennsylvania- 44 Dutch."
A the outbreak of the Revolutionary war this town had
among its citizens a goodly number of brave patriots and
doughty old warriors. Among the most conspicuous names
are three Philips, though neither of them descended from
Philip of Macedon, against whom the celebrated philipics
of Demosthenes were hurled. The first of those waa Col.
Philip Greenawalt, whose ashes repose in one of our
church-yards and whose honored descendants are with us
to-day; the second was Gen. J. Philip Deilaas. whose
record is conspicuous in that long-continued si for
liberty and independence, covering two wars, one with the
French the other with the English peoples, and one of
whose descendants to-day greeted you in welcome as the
official head of this municipality ; and the third Philip
Col. Philip Marsteller, who assisted in racing a home
regiment and other troops in 1775-6, was militia ;
master, agent and foragemaster, for which service* he
received a personal letter of thanks from General \\
ington, and was honored in the selection as one of the lis
Lebanon and its En-j irons.
pall-bearers at President Washington's funeral in 17
The Revolutionary regiment formed by the
these patriots, from citizens of what is now Lebanon
County, had nine or ten captains all of whom, with one
exception, bore honored German names. T
Stoever, Weiser, Null, Ilolderbaum, Immel, Shoufler,
Schaeffer and Oldenbruck. The regiment was an.
the first to report for duty, as our Pennsylva:.: .-< V man
boys have actually been the very first to answer the ca.
arms that the heads of our nations have issued in even-
war since. And their service was everywhere gallant and
heroic. While these Lebanon boys were preparing fol
Revolutionary fray, their brothers were either ho!,
indignation-meetings and condemning the mother coi:
for closing the port at Boston, or were at work in their
gun-factories forging the weapons of defence, or, in a
later period, building wagons and collecting clothes and
provisions and other supplies for the army.
It was in the periods immediately preceding and suc-
ceeding the Revolutionary war that the church-iite of
those early citizens was developed. In 1760 George Steitz
and in 1763 a Lebanon Land company, oi which the R
J. Casper Stoever was chairman, deeded church lo
Mt. Tabor Reformed and to the Salem Lutheran cor.
gations respectively, for an annual ground-rental of one
red rose if the same should be lawfully demanded. T
second large stone edifices, erected in the latter part oi
18th century, stand to-day, in the beginning ol the roth,
as monuments of the piety and thrift of those early ger
tions. The latter building lifts its venerable and M
built walls in close proximity to this beautiful, Mem
architectural century-plant, in which we are n>
Its towering, stone belfry has a metal tongue that
4& The Pennsylvania- German Society .
made to speak in a celebrated English bell-foundr
London, more than a century and a quarter ago, but has
spoken only German since on American soil ; and, s\\
ing high in air, has beckoned four or live generav
of our citizens the way towards heaven, and, while an-
nouncing fires on earth, has ever had a warning voice for
Lebanon sinners to shun the fires of the pit beneath. T
churches have had long lists of learned and devout pa--
Those of the reformed have included such Teutonic names
as Miller, Stoy, Conrad Bucher, Runkle, Lorentz, L
Heister, Kroh, Wagner, Kramer, Klopp and Brorner.
The Lutheran flock has been faithfully shepherded bv such
illustrious pastors as Stoever, Muhlenberg, Kurtz, Loch-
man, Ernst, Ruthrauff, Krotel, Hoffman, Miller, Trafc
and Schmauk, father and son, with their assistants, Pfat-
teicher and Leibensperger. The present senior pastor,
besides having been the honored president of this
has achieved fame for his preaching and his many literary
labors and extensive authorship, and to-day fills the hi
est office in the gift of his church as the presiding officer of
that denomination's general body. Both these mother
churches, like ecclesiastical banyan trees, have let down
their roots in the organization of about half a dozen ::-
shoots, that are flourishing churches to-day and have had
able and prominent ministers. The most worthy of men-
tion among all these, in a convention of Pennsylvania-
Germans, is the celebrated Henry Ilarbaugh, father oi
Pennsylvania-German poetry, who, while, the first pastor
of St. John's Reformed church of this city, wrote some of
those pathetic and humorous lyrics in the dialect, which
have made thousands sigh and smile, weep and laugh in
one and the same breath.
The cause of education in this community has grown
Lebanon and its Environs, 40
from the kindergarten at the German mother's knee to the
parochial school, the private academy, the pay-school, the
public school with its graded curriculum, ending in a four-
year high-school course of well-nigh college proportions.
Meanwhile Lebanon has charmed about it on all sides
these higher institutions of learning, so that its four sides
may be said to be bulwarks of education. Flourishing
colleges are both at our eastern and western gateways, at
Myerstown and Annville, while the Mt. Gretna Chautauqua
and Summer School crowns our southern stronghold and
the defunct Schuylkill Seminary forms our northern bar-
rier at Fredericksburg. There should be no ignorance in
Lebanon County with such light houses set up on almost
every hill. Among her many able teachers, worthy of
mention, we name only a few whose later careers have
given them wide renown. Such are the late I. D. Rupp,
celebrated and voluminous historian of Pennsylvania ;
Henry Villard, the late noted railroad king and son-in-law
to William Lloyd Garrison; Rose Elizabeth Cleveland,
authoress and lady of the White house during the first term
of her brother's incumbency ; and last but not least, the
Hon. Henry Houck, best known educational lecturer in
the State, who for almost time immemorial has been the
honored and hard-working deputy to the State Superin-
tendent of Public Instruction.
Among the eminent sons of little Lebanon, who may be
pointed out as the tall cedars of Lebanon, we mention that
Lindley Murray, the English grammarian, was born just
outside its present western limits, that Governor John
Andrew Shultze first saw the light of day on its eastern
border, but resided long in this city, and in 1S23 marched
from the stone mansion on Market Square, now the resi-
dence of Dr. Lemberger, to occupy for six years the gub-
50 The Pennsylvania-German Society.
ernatorial mansion at Harrisburg. Hon. Godlove S. Orth
of national fame, and once our country's .Minister to Aus-
tria, and James Lick, the lamous California millionaire,
and builder of the Lick Observatory on the Paciric Coast,
were sons of our soil, the offspring of German forebears.
The late ex-Governor of Minnesota, Alexander Rami
was once a resident of this city, while the relatives ot the
late Gen. John D. Imboden of the Confederacy, abound
in this county, whence his father removed before the Civil
war. The noted illustrator of New York City, G. W.
Peters, was born and reared here, while our town holds
not a few men and women who are prominent in the medi-
cal, legal, ecclesiastical, political, literary, educational and
reform circles of the day.
Among the visitors of this place let it be said that many
eminent men and women have preceded you. Lebanon re-
cords among its eminent guests at least seven of the presi-
dents of the United States and many more candidates for that
high office; a long list of governors and statesmen of this
and other states : and such a host of celebrities in the lec-
ture field, of military and naval renown, of musical fame
or of ecclesiastical prominence that it would seem like a
catalog of names to have me repeat them. "We want to
assure you, however, that none were ever more welcome
than you are to-day. For this purpose we have opened
our homes and finest churches to you ; we have flung open
our inns and banqueting halls, where feasts await you,
and we have arranged an excursion for you to see our
most noted iron-mines and industries for which Lebanon
in these latter days has become justly renowned. To give
you a glimpse of our Cornwall ore-banks and furnaces and
of the manv busy factories and iron-mills that begircile
this city, and to be chaperoned by a personal guide.
Afternoon Session. 51
familiar with their history and process of manufacture
the best afternoon treat we could plan for you. It is to
this local chaperon, therefore, that I leave you for the
interesting history of these industries, in which Lebanon
grinds out its bread, and to the local inns that I now hand
you over for a sample of the bread that is here ground
out. That this is abundant you have already seen in com-
ing hither and may perceive again when you ride through
our broad acres where the ripened corn is unsheathing its
yellow ears. That life here is rich and golden, nature
has typified for you by decorating forests and hedges,
hills and valleys, with the crimson and yellow bunting of
The afternoon session was opened at 1 : 00 P. M., by
the reading of the Historical Paper of the day, entitled a
"Curieuse Nachricht von Pennsylvanien in 1700," from
the pen of Julius F. Sachse, Litt.D., being Daniel
Falckner's " Accurate Tidings from Pennsylvania," the
work which stimulated the German emigration in the
beginning of the eighteenth century.
At the conclusion of this paper a delightful excursion
was given all present to the wonderful Cornwall Ore
Banks, thence to the beautiful Chautauqua grounds and
site of military encampments at Mount Gretna, ending
with a visit to some of the great blast furnaces of Lebanon
in time to see a " cast " made.
The entertainment of the evening, which closed an
unusually pleasant gathering, began at 7 130 P. M., with
an exceptionally able and fine musical held in Zion Lu-
theran Church, on north Ninth Street, the building b
crowded with a most select and appreciative audience.
52 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
Complimentary Musical Recital, Zion Evangelical
Chorus of forty voices under direction of Henry \V. Siegrist, Organist
and Choir Master of the Church.
1. Organ — Fantasie in form of Offertoire Berlhold Tours.
2. Chorus — '* Hymn of the Apostles," " Redemption " Ch. Gounod.
3. Tenor Solo— "My Redeemer and My Lord," from "Golden Legend,"
Prof. H. Z. Long.
4. Chorus— "Be Not Afraid," "Elijah" F. Mendelssohn.
5. Organ — "In Paradisium " 77/. Dubois.
6. Bass Aria— "O God, Have Mercy," "St. Paul" F. Mendelssohn.
Mr. Henrv Harbaugh Lineaweaver.
7. Chorus — "Hallelujah," "Messiah" G. F. Handel.
This was followed at 8 : 30 P. M., by the Banquet in
the Sons of America Hall, 755 Cumberland Street, the
music for which was most pleasingly rendered bv the
Philharmonic Orchestra, Benj. A. McComsey, Director.
The following gentlemen responded to toasts, in a very
fitting and interesting manner: "Our Pennsylvania-
German Theologians," Rev. Jos. H. Dubbs, D.D.,
LL.D. ; " Our Pennsylvania-German Journalists,"' Hon.
B. F. Meyers; "Our Pennsylvania-German Soldiers.''
General J. P. S. Gobin ; •• The Pennsylvania-German in
every and any capacity," O. S. Henninger, Esq.
Col. Thomas C. Zimmerman most ably presided as
2m> ' lass m
E i m i 1 ■■!■ ■ ! ■■ <! | p«»l U. l .iJ I I ! ■■■ !
Hon. Lee L. Drumbins.
Lee Light Grumbine was born in Frederick>burg, Leb-
anon county, Pa., July 25, 1858. His early anc
emigrated to America from the Rhine country about the
year I755» an< ^ ms g enea l°gy connects him with the earlv
Moravian settlements in eastern Pennsylvania, through
his paternal great-grandfather, Peter Fuehrer, who was a
Moravian teacher among the pioneer settlers of the New
World. He was educated in the public schools, Palatinate
College, and Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn.,
graduating A.B. from the last named institution in 1881.
In 1884 he received the degree A.M. from his alma mater.
While in college he began the work of giving public elo-
cutionary entertainments, which he long continued as a
diversion, varying it with lecturing and teachers' institute
work. In 1886 he was chosen instructor of elocution in
Cornell University, but, through a misunderstanding, never
entered Upon the duties of the position.
After leaving college, Mr. Grumbine engaged in teach-
ing and in the meantime studied law, being admitted to
the bar of Lebanon county in 1SS4, and to the Supreme
Court of Pennsylvania in 18S7. For seven years he p
ticed law, a part of the time as a member of the tirm oi
Gobin & Grumbine.
Mr. Grumbine's career was one of great versatility a'.
various lines and it must be said that whatever he ha> at-
tempted he has carried through successfully. His chief
work was that of a lawyer. Quiet and uuobtrusiv*
56 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
manner, independent in conduct even to aggressiveness,
without the employment of the arts of the politician, or the
seeker of favor, by sheer force of his character, afa
and rectitude of life, he commanded a leading position at
the bar of his county, and enjoyed the confidence 01 a
large clientage. He served continuously for many years
as a member of the examining board of the bar. He was
also a brilliant journalist.
In the famous Swallow campaign, in 189S, he took edi-
torial charge of the Harrisburg Commonwealth, a Prohi-
bition daily printed at the State capital, and alwavs stood
very closely to Dr. Swallow in his memorable tight. He
was also one of defendant's counsel in the libel suits
brought againt Dr. Swallow. He resumed the practice of
law in 1894, and has been prominent in many of the lead-
ing cases of the county.
Another field of activity in which Mr. Grumbine won
distinction was that of literature and public speaking. He
was a vigorous, convincing and yet graceful writer on
many subjects, and contributed a number of valuable
papers to different periodicals. He published a volume of
poems and translations, which illustrate a prefatory trea-
tise on the Pennsylvania-German language — a study of
its status as a spoken dialect and form of literary expres-
sion with reference to its capabilities and limitations. His
verses both in English and German breathe a genuine
poetic spirit, and, as lyric songs and pictures of Pennsyl-
vania-German life, gave him the rank of a real poet. He
was a recognized authority on the Pennsylvania-German
dialect, having made a close study of the provincialism!
of eastern Pennsylvania, having their origin in German
idioms and expressions, which he frequently treated in
Mr. Grumbine also displayed considerable talent in
ganizing or in the art of doing things. He was the prime
mover in the organization of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua
and a member of its first board of managers. lie
also prominently instrumental in the organization of the
Pennsylvania-German Society. He was a member of the
executive committee of the society continuously ever since
its organization. He was one of the leading spirits in the
Lebanon County Historical Society since it was founded,
and a member of its executive committee since its organi-
zation, and he contributed a number of papers to its publi-
cations. He planned and helped to organize the Lebanon
County Trust Company, one of the flourishing financial
institutions of this county, of which he was a director,
vice-president and solicitor.
In politics Mr. Grumbine had been a Prohibitionist for
twenty years, having by his labors, his earnest devotion to
the cause and his forceful writing and speaking won a
high place in the confidence and the councils of the party.
He served for many years on the State Executive Commit-
tee and took a leading part in the party's conventions, pre-
siding, on several occasions, and frequently serving as
chairman of the committee on resolutions. He was the
author of the Gettysburg platform of 1903, which com-
mitted the party to " license repeal " as the first step toward
the solution of the liquor problem, and which was ju
regarded as one of the strongest and most statesmanlike
papers ever adopted by a political convention. It attracted
wide attention. He was the Prohibition candidate for the
office of lieutenant-governor in 1902, running a close
second to Dr. Swallow for the nomination of governor.
In 1900 he accompanied the Prohibition candidate for
president on his tour through the State, and was one of
58 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
the leading speakers in that campaign. Serving in numer-
ous capacities of trust and responsibility in private life.
never held a public office.
He was married, in 1881, to Roie E. Adams, of Naples,
N. Y., and they have one son, LeRoy Adams Grumbine,
a student in Oberlin College and Conservatory.'
Mr. Grumbine was one of the foremost citizens of Leb-
anon. As a scholar, teacher, poet, lawyer, journalist and
citizen, he was indeed a gifted man, whom the community
can ill afford to lose. His sterling and unimpeachable
integrity was one of his greatest virtues, and he valued his
good name far above aught else. To his sorrowing family
and friends he has left this as a priceless and imperishable
He became a member of the Pennsylvania-German
Society at its organization, was immediately elected as a
member of its Executive Committee upon which he served
with untiring fidelity and great ability to the day of his
death. Its printed volumes contain various articles from
his pen, of exceptional value and beauty, mention of which
has already been made. When taken from our midst he
was engaged on a " History of the Mennonites M for the
use of the Society, upon which much time and research
had been spent, and which bade fair to be of great value
His decease, resulting from inflammation of the bowels,
occured about 3 :oo P. M. on Thursday, August 18, 1904.
H. M. M. R.
Obituary Record. 59
Hon. Jacob L. Stsinmstz.
Jacob L. Steinmetz, lawyer and banker, was for manv
years a leading citizen of Lancaster county. He descended
from the virile German stock that early settled in Penn-
sylvania, and were closely identified with the early historv
of northern Lancaster county. His grandfather, Charles
Steinmetz, was one of the founders of Ephrata borough.
Jacob Steinmetz, the father of this sketch, was born near
Ephrata. Upon reaching manhood he bought extensive
tracts of land at South Annville, Lebanon county, and in
1851, while still in the prime of manhood, he passed away.
His wife w r as Catharine Gross, daughter of John Gross, of
Hon. Jacob L. Steinmetz, was born at South Annville
on August 22, 1S45. After attending the public schools
he was sent to the Annville Academy and Dickinson Semi-
nary at Williamsport. He then took a course in the law
department of the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor,
receiving the degrees of M.A. and B.L. At the University
he was at one time president of the Webster Literary Society
which materially aided in developing his forensic powers.
In 1870 Mr. Steinmetz entered upon the practice of law
in this city. His career was one of success. In the prac-
tice of his profession his strength in great part lay in his
pertinacity and searching cross-examinations. He had an
excellent preparation and kept well versed. In leaf tob.
cases he was very frequently a counsel, and in this pa:
ular line was notably successful.
60 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
In politics Mr. Steinmetz was a staunch Democrat. In
1876 he was a delegate to the National Convention that
nominated Tilden, and the same year was elected to the
Legislature from the city district. After serving one term
he practically withdrew from politics and devoted his
energies to his profession and business interests. ._ In Janu-
ary, 1890, he was elected President of the People's National
Bank, and two years later helped to organize the People's
Trust Company, being elected President. He was also
the head of the Citizens' Heat, Light and Power Companv,
and a Director of the Clay and Hinkletown Turnpike
In any enterprise tending to enhance the material or
aesthetic interest of the city of his adoption, the deceased
was a willing and influential supporter, and in no way was
this disposition more explicitly set forth than in his build-
ing operations. The building at Grant and North Queen
streets, now occupied byStauffer's hat store and the Ameri-
can Tobacco Company, was quite a revelation to local busi-
ness men when it was erected, while the " Hotel Cocaiico,"
at Ephrata, erected about nine years ago, for its beauty and
elegance, befitting a metropolis far more appropriately
than a rural town, will be an enduring monument to his
memory and that of the entire Steinmetz family — the
pioneers of the ancient settlement.
On February, 1S90, Mr. Steinmetz was married to Miss
Mary Virginia Hawthorn, daughter of the late James Clem-
sen Hawthorn. Of this union one child was born. Haw-
thorn Steinmetz, who, with the bereaved wife, survives.
Two brothers also survive, George Steinmetz, of Ephi
borough, and Martin Van Buren Steinmetz, of New York
city. Mrs. Salinda Major, of Lebanon, is a surviving
Of recent years, Mr. Steinmetz's health had seriously
failed him, but his indomitable will power stayed the mes-
senger's hand to the extreme limit. Several years ago he
closed his beautiful home oh North Duke street and removed
to the Cocalico, where he passed away at 8.00 P. M. on
Monday, February 15, 1904. He became "a member of
the Pennsylvania-German Society on January 18, 1898.
S£? ss 1
62 The Pennsylvania- German Society,
Dal. Wilbur Fisli Reeder.
Col. Reeder was one of the best-known and mo^t popu-
lar men in Center County, and was, for manv years promi-
nent in the affairs of the State of Pennsylvania. Born on
January 7, 1855, near Catawissa, Pa., and the son of a
farmer, he passed his early boyhood in the country, gain-
ing his early education in the public schools. From
thence he entered Dickinson Seminary of Williamsport,
graduating from same in 1875 at tne head of his class.
He studied law with Bush, Yocum and Hastings, Belle-
fonte, Pa., and was admitted to the bar of Center
County, Pa., in 1877. ^ n I ^8i he formed a partnership
with General Daniel H. Hastings, late Governor of the
Commonwealth. Elected Chief Burgess of Bellefonte in
1892; appointed in 1895, Assistant Adjutant General on
Governor Hastings' Staff, with the rank of Lieutenant
Colonel ; in 1897-1899 served as Deputy Attorney General
of Pennsylvania to succeed John P. Elkin. For six years
he was First Lieutenant of Company B, Fifth Regiment,
N. G. P., also on the staff of General Wiley, commander
of the Second Brigade.
Col. Reeder was a member of the Supreme and Superior
Courts of Pennsylvania, Sons of the Revolution, and
Union League of Philadelphia, a thiry-second degree
Mason, and Past Master, Past High Priest and Past Emi-
nent Commander in his lodge, chapter and comandery
respectively. In politics he was Republican, being ■
delegate to the Republican National Convention of 1904.
On December 19, 1878, he married Lillie S. Gotwalt,
a lineal dscendant of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, D.D.,
and Colonel Conrad Weiser, recently elected State Reg
of the Pennsylvania Chapter of the Daughters of the
American Revolution. They have had one son, John
His decease occurred at 12:55 A. M., on August 2-,
1904, and was caused by hemorrhages of the lungs.
He was elected a member of the Pennsylvania-German
Society on January 18, 1898.
H. M. M. R.
64 The Pennsylvania- German Society
Rev. Joseph Augustus Seiss, D.D., LL.D., L.M.D.,
late president of the Pennsylvania-German Societv, died
at his residence in Philadelphia on Monday, June 20, 1904,
aged Si years and 3 months. He had an attack of grippe
in Februarv which left him so exhausted that his strength
gradually failed until he " fell asleep." His strong men-
tal powers however never weakened. During his long
illness his mind not only never wandered, but while confined
to his sick-bed he insisted on correcting the proof-sheets
and writing the preface to another volume of sermons
shortly to appear.
The funeral services took place on Friday, June 24, in
the Lutheran Church of the Holy Communion, Chestnut
street, near 21st, of which congregation he was the founder
and only pastor. The spacious building was filled with a
congregation representing the many institutions, organi-
zations and interests with which he was connected, among
whom were not less than a hundred and fifty clergymen.
The address was delivered by the writer, and was followed
b}* tributes from Rev. H. E. Jacobs, DD., LL.D., dean
of the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia,
and Rev. G. F. Krotel, DD., LL.D., of New York, who
for many years was associated with Dr. Seiss in church
work. The interment took place in the family lot in
Laurel Hill cemetery.
It is not our purpose to repeat the data and facts of Dr.
Seiss* life which are contained in the biographical sketch
Obituary Record. 65
which appeared in Vol. XII., of this publication; but to
bear testimony to the greatness, nobility, and manv excel-
lencies of character which distinguished this eminent man
and Prince of Preachers.
Dr. Seiss was not a child of fortune nor was eminence
thrust upon him. Born in an obscure hamlet in western
Maryland, his life seemed destined to the farm. When
fourteen years of age he walked a dozen miles to see a
synodical convention at Frederick. He started early in the
morning and returned at night, without partaking of a meal
during his absence from home, and repeated the same the
following day. It was what he saw and heard at that
synod that determined his purpose to enter the ministry.
But circumstances were untoward. His father opposed
his wishes, and a Moravian bishop, whose counsel he
sought, advised him to remain at the plough. Through
his mother's influence he obtained sufficient means to spend
two years at the collegiate and theological institutions at
Gettysburg, and continuing his studies privately while
teaching school, he entered the university at nineteen years
of age and began as an humble missionary in the mountains
of Virginia. This was the beginning of a life which rose
to an eminence that but few have attained. It was gained
through hard work, constant application, and an indomita-
ble will and purpose which yielded to no discouragement.
From his obscure lield of labor he was soon called to more
prominent and promising places in the neighborhood ;
thence to Baltimore, and then to Philadelphia where in
1858 he became pastor of St. John's Church, the mostintlu-
ential Lutheran congregation at that time in this country.
Out of this congregation the Church of the Holy Com-
munion was organized by him in 1874, anc * w * tn li ne ro ~
mained until his death.
66 The Pennsylvania- German Society.
In his prime he was recognized as the most able and
eloquent preacher in Philadelphia, and with but few equals
anywhere. In the great connects and controversies of the
Lutheran Church concerning its creeds, measures, modes
of worship and general church polity, he soon became a
recognized leader of the conservative party. In the organ-
ization of the General Council and its institutions, and in
the preparation of its book oi worship known as the Church-
Book, no one was more prominent, active and iniluential
than he. At the most critical crisis, he was the leading
editor of The Lutheran, by means of which his influence
and power were greatly extended. And he lived to -ee
the success of those things for which he contended and
stood, the general acceptance of the historical creeds and
faith of the church, and the adoption by the three general
bodies of a Common Service in the worship of Lutheran
congregations using the English language.
Several things entered into the making of a man, who,
in spite of such early disadvantages, gained such prom-
inence, influence, and success. One of these was the strong
personality he possessed. His great talents and noble
soul dwelt in a faultless body. His physical form was
commanding, and his face was a benediction. When out
among strangers in our summer journeys, the remark was
repeatedly made, " how much your friend's face resembles
that of Washington.*'
And the inner man which dwelt in that body was worthy
of its habitation. Over thirty years of uninterrupted and
most intimate companionship, we learned to know him u
men only can be known and judged when the restraint
life are laid aside. And we bear our testimony to the
greatness of his character and the nobility of his soul. He
preached great sermons and accomplished great things.
Obituary Record. 67
because he was a great man. While manifesting a personal
dignity and somewhat reticent manner among strangers,
he was one of the most genial, cordial, considerate and in
every way delightful companions and triends that could be
desired. Controversies often provoked severe criticism
from his lips and pen, but when the controversy was past,
no one was more ready to resume friendly relations than he.
He possessed a mental alertness which gave a touch of
originality to much he spoke or wrote. Some of his best
sermons were unfolded from texts in which no other
preacher suspected a sermon lay hid. His style of com-
position was massive and often majestic, yet as simple and
clear as his mastery of Anglo-Saxon could make it. He
had the true conception of a sermon, and no matter whether
his text was taken from the Old Testament or the New,
that text became a schoolmaster to bring his hearers to
Christ. He never prepared a sermon, in all the wide
range of topics his researches and studies suggested, the
purpose of which was not to lead men to faith in Christ as
their Saviour, or to establish and confirm them in that
faith. He was gifted with a splendid voice of pleasant
tone and peculiar power, and he knew how to employ it.
While using his manuscript in the pulpit, his freedom of
manner and strong action made his hearers forget there
was a manuscript before him.
Coupled with these natural gifts was his untiring indus-
try. He was a constant searcher after truth, and rarely
knew what it was to be tired in that search. He wrestled
with it and would not let it go until he had gained its
blessing, even if he halted on his thigh at the rising of the
sun. We have come upon him at all hours of the day in
his study, and never found him in an easy chair but always
at his table, and generally with his pen in his hand.
68 The Pennsylvania-German Society.
What he did, he did well. He made everything count in
the fulfilment of his work. Every sermon or address was
prepared with minutest care, so that as soon as delivered
it was ready for the printer's hand. This is the secret
why his books multiplied so rapidly, and were found to be
so complete. His work was not by spurts or moods, but
constant, systematic, and according to rule.
But now that work is over and he has entered into his
rest. Over his memory we can write what was said of
him after whom he was named "Joseph is a fruitful
bough, even a fruitful bough by a well ; whose branches
run over the wall. The archers have sorely grieved him
and shot at him. But his bow abode in strength, and the
arms of his hands were made strong by the hand of the
mighty God of Jacob."
" Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from hence-
forth : yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their
labors, and their works do follow them."
Lutheran Theological Seminary,