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p^nusi|Iuaitta^ 3*rman 




GERMANTOWN, OCT. 25, 1904 

Vol. XV ft 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 





Publication Committee. 

Copyrighted 1905 


IJcnnsElrania-tfcrman Socktf. 

Pmss cf 

Lakc*st(«. P\ 





Contents j 

Officers of the Society • 

Minutes of the Meeting at Gcrmantown ; 

Address of Welcome by Elliston P. Morris. Esq 

Response by Rev. L. Krydcr Evans o 

President's Address, Rev. John S. Stahr i: 

Report of Secretary, II. M. M. Richards 23 

Report of Treasurer, Julius F. Sachsc -^ 

Opening Remarks of Hon. Thad. L. Vanderslicc 1$ 



Pennsylvania — The German Influence in its Se 

mext and Development : 

Part XV. The Pennsylvania-German in the French 
Indian War, by II. M. M. Richards. 
Frederick the Great and the United States, by J.G. Rosengaiten. 
Old Historic Germantown, by X. II. Kcyser, D.D.S. 


FOR 1904-1905 
President : 

Ho.v. James Addams Beaver, LL.D. 

Vice-Presidents : 

B. M. Nead, 

Ethan Allen Weaver, C.E., M.S. 

Secretary : 
H. M. M. Richards. 

Treasurer : 

Julius F. Sachse, Litt.D. 

Executive Committee : 

Dr. Daniel W. Niad, 
Hon*. Maurice C. Eby. 


Frank Reid Diffenderfer, Litt.D., 

Dr. W. K. T. Sahm. 


Thomas C. Zimmerman, L.H.D., 
Abraham S. Schropp. 


Rev. Theo. E. Schmauk, D.D.. 
Rev. Nathan C. Schaeffer, Ph.D., D.D. 


Rev. L. Kryder Evans, I XIX. 

Dr. John Franklin Ment/ir. 



Pennsylvania- German Society 



Held at Germantown, Pa. 

On Tuesday, October 25, 1904 

^f*HE Executive Committee of the Society held its 
^^ regular quarterly meeting, at the residence of the 
Treasurer, Dr. Julius F. Sachse, 4428 Fine Street, Phila- 
delphia, at 2 :oo P. M. on Monday, October 24, for the 
transaction of its business. 

Morning Session. 
The Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania- 
German Society was held in the Market Square Pra 
terian Church, Germantown, Pa., on Tuesday, October 
25, 1904. 

The members joined with, and were the guests of, The 
Site and Relic Society of Germantown, in celebrating the 
2 5 

6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

two hundred and twenty-first anniversary of the founding 
of Germantown, Pennsylvania, and the beginning of 
German emigration to North America. 

The large gathering was called to order bv the I 
dent, the Rev. John S. Stahr, D.D., President of Franklin 
& Marshall College, Lancaster, Pa., at 9:30 A. M. 

After an eloquent invocation by the Rev. Prof. I I. I 
Jacobs, D.D., LL.D., of the Lutheran Theological Semi- 
nary at Mfc Airy, the Society was kindly welcomed to 
Germantown by Elliston P. Morris. Esq., Vice Presi- 
dent of The Site and Relic Society. 

Address of Welcome. 

As an officer of The Site and Relic Society of German- 
town, it is my pleasant duty, on its behalf, to welcome to 
our old town the members of the Pennsylvania-German 
Society, whose Executive Committee has done us the 
honor of selecting this part o\ our city for its annual 
meeting. Perhaps few places more fitting for this could 
have been found, for here came that noble band ox Ger- 
man emigrants, first attracted to the " Holy Exper 
the reasons for which were so forcibly explained by V 
liam Penn himself to those in the Fatherland that they 
left home and all its ties to try their fortunes in the New- 
World. The practical aim of these emigrants is shown 
on their adopted seal, for there appears the flax and the 
spinning wheel, interwoven with the Indian corn and 

Penn, with his large-hearted liberality, granted to the 
little colony the land on which Germantown - and 

soon the present Main street was dotted with ho.: 
built, it is said, to face upon an old Indian trail, which 
may explain its easily discernible crookedness. 1 

Address of Welcome. 7 

built well in those days, and there may still be seen a 
few of these works of the early settlers or their chih: 

That such emigrants, with their sturdy arms and habits, 
were a great success is no man-el, and soon the little settle- 
ment rose into prominence and became'noted both for 
agriculture and manufacture. Even still the town is 
famed for its hosiery and knit goods, and for its Ger- 
mantown wool, the latter of world-wide fame. But its 
record for good works was not behind, for here Chris- 
topher Sauer first printed his German Bible, and the Ger- 
man Friends of Germantown were the first to raise their 
voice in protest against human slavery, and started that 
tremendous uprising which culminated in our late Re- 
bellion, and the ultimate freedom of the slave under the 
proclamation of the sainted Abraham Lincoln. 

Whilst you are in our midst we wish you should feel 
at home. I do not doubt in your rides about the town 
you will have pointed out to you a number of places of 
interest. Many of them it is the object of our society to 
mark with tablets, so that when we have passed away the 
next generation may know what we do, and with us honor 
such men as Pastorius. Sauer and Rittenhouse, and in turn 
strive to follow after them. 

The old German Reformed Church building, which in 
1776 stood just where this beautiful modern one has 
erected, was a model of those in the old Home Land. 
I have never ceased to regret its demolition: in fact. I 
cannot believe if it had stood till now that the present 
gregation would ever have allowed it to be taken down. 
It was truly quaint and striking. In its little belfry hung 
a bell which, though long unused. I have heard the con- 
gregation still preserve, and the rosv-cheeked cherubs 
which, with their long trumpets looked down on the t 
est worshipers and were a marvel to my childish eye. 

8 The Penntylvania-German Society. 

It was here that the great George Washington wor- 
shiped when he occupied the house nearby, as President 
of the United States, during the terrible visitation to our 
city of the yellow fever in the years of 1 793-94. Then 
the services were altogether in German, and I myself well 
remember when English preaching was alternated with the 
German. But that has all passed away, and different in- 
deed is the present congregation from the one that then 
worshiped here. The same house that President \Y 
ington afterwards occupied was seized by the British at 
the time of the battle of Germantown, and they made it 
the headquarters of Lord Howe, and from it he is 
orders to his troops. I am glad it has for the last one 
hundred years been owned by one family, and its succes- 
sive owners have kept everything as near as possible as 
they were in those stirring times. 

The houses of the Wisters, the Ashmeads, the Haineses. 
the Channons, the Johnsons, the Bilimyers and others, 
the Chews (the latter known as the battle ground) are all 
much as they were then, and each has its history. You 
will see also the quaint old Mennonite Meeting House, 
whilst on the Wissahickon you will have pointed out the 
birthplace of Rittenhouse and the old monasterv. At the 
Germantown Mutual Fire Insurance Company, only a 
stone's throw from where we are sitting, you will see the 
old hand fire engine imported for the town in 1764, which 
was housed on the square opposite, and is one or our 
precious relics. The school house, in the Alumni Hall of 
which you expect to dine, is also of rare historic interest. 
The academy building was erected and held as it still is by 
the freemen of the town, and they still choose the pr .- 
cipal and the board of directors. 

It is a most successful institution, and under the wise 

Response to Address of Welcome, 9 

administration of Professor William Kershaw has become 
widely known both at home and abroad. 

The solid stone building was just finished when the ap- 
peal to arms in 1776 was sounded. As good loyal citi- 
zens, and subjects of King George, the then directors had 
sent to Great Britain for a bell to hang in their beautiful 
steeple, and it, having been cast, was sent in the tea ship 
which came to Philadelphia. But neither the ship nor its 
cargo were suffered to land. Though less bellicose at 
the time than our New England brethren (who threw 
their ship load of tea into Boston harbor), the gentler 
sons of Perm ordered the vessel and its freight to return 
to England, where both remained till the angel of peace 
spread its wings, and the hearts of the people were suf- 
ficiently warmed to w r elcome the bell, when it was safely 
hung in the belfry, and where it has since rung its daily 

On the steeple, when built, was placed a vane, and above 
it the British crown. There, happily, it is still in place, 
and when you visit the spot, and hear the bell, which you 
certainly will, and see the crown above it, you will I know 
with me honor the spirit which has preserved both, and 
feel none the less the true pride of an American citizen. 

The response to this kind welcome was ably made, on 
behalf of the Society, by the Rev. L. Kryder Evans, D.D., 
of Pottstown, Pa., as follows: 

Response to the Address of Welcome. 
Mr. Chairman, and Gentlemen: I wish, first of all. 
to express my great pleasure in responding to the cordial 
welcome that has been extended by your honorable repre- 
sentative to the Pennsylvania-German Society. The oc- 
casion is most auspicious. This is the M Fourteenth An- 

IO The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

nual Meeting of our Society — and commemorates the two 
hundred and twenty-first anniversary of the founding of 
Germantown and the beginning of German emigratioi 
North America! 1 I assure you that our Society deems 
it a privilege as well as a pleasure to meet in your m 
to-day. After having been the guests of the citic 
Lancaster, York, Harrisburg, Lebanon, Reading. Allen- 
town, Bethlehem, Easton and Xorristown — those centres 
of the Pennsylvania-German element, we now come — as 
your guests — to old Germantown — our common Mecca, 
the Mother City of Pennsylvania Germandom. Did 
time permit — it would be pleasant to go back to the exodus 
of our German forefathers. An exodus is always in- 
teresting — and has been from the time our first parents 
left their Eden home: when Abram was called to forsake 
his country and his father's house; the exodus of Israel 
from Egypt; how, all along the highway of history, the 
exodus has played an important and interesting part. 
How impressively the great migrations of nations in an- 
cient and modern times have appealed to the imagination ! 
What a deep interest they possess for the student and 
what rich material they furnish for history and pod 
That immortal work — Milton's " Paradise Lost " was 
born of the first human exodus. It was an exodus which 
gave rise to Goethe's beautiful idyll, M Herrman und 
Dorothea." It was a similar expatriation that gave birth 
to Longfellow's " Evangeline." So the presence of the 
Germans in this country, but more especially in Pi 
sylvania, is due to an exodus. Between their advent and 
the present there lies a stretch of nearly two and a quarter 
centuries. What great events have taken place and what 
wonderful transformations have been wrought during all 
these years! But I must not digress. 

Response to Address of Welcome. n 

We have come to share with you in the festivities of 
this glad anniversary .which marks the beginning of Ger- 
man Emigration to this country. It is not our purpose to 
make this an occasion of self-glorification. It is not, nor 
has it ever been, our intention to detract from the merits 
or standing of any nationality that has contributed 
ing our Keystone State great as it is. But it has been, 
and still is, our humble endeavor to bear testimony to the 
integrity and worth of the Pennsylvania-Germans, and in 
a less step-motherly way than has been customary in the 
years gone by. There is not a nook or corner in all 
eastern Pennsylvania that is not hallowed by the memory- 
of our German ancestors. But more especially is this 
historic spot — German town — richly freighted with sacred 
memories. What Athens was to Greece 

" The eye of Greece 
Mother of Arts and Eloquence.'' 

that Germantown has been, in a great measure, to our 
great Keystone State. Here lived and reigned the great 
scholar and school-master — the truly eminent as well as 
learned Francis Daniel Pastorius, and who was the 
to raise the standard of education in our commonwealth. 
Here Zinzendorf delivered his first message. Here lived 
Schlatter, the missionary and ardent advocate of popular 
education. On this very spot where we are now assem- 
bled the great Washington bowed in prayer and wor- 
ship — then a German Reformed Church. 

Here the printing press was first set up. Here was 
printed the first Bible printed in America — fifty \ 
fore a Bible was printed by the descendants of the " May- 
flower." In those early days, in this community, there 
were Germans who could teach the languages, higher 


The Pennsylvania-German Society 

mathematics, metaphysics, music and painting. In learn- 
ing, as well as in public and private virtues, those early 
German pioneers were the peer of any other nationality. 
They were preeminently distinguished as artisans, farmers 
and mechanics. As an evidence of their thrift and enter- 
prise, we recall that as early as 1760 the produce of 
eastern Pennsylvania was so great, that it required be- 
tween eight and nine thousand wagons to haul their goods 
to Philadelphia to market. 

Later on in their history, as we come to gather up the 
muster-rolls of the dark days of the Revolution, we find 
many German names, — patriots who contributed their full 
share in treasure and blood for their countrv. In the 
War of the Rebellion 80,000 Germans fought on the 
Union side. In every endeavor to promote thorough 
culture as well as the triumphs of a Christian civiliza- 
tion, the Germans have borne a conspicuous part. Let us 
keep alive in song and story their virtues, and transmit to 
posterity what is precious in their memories. We come 
to you to-day with a membership of 460, and with a 
literature of 13 volumes — printed in the best stvle of the 
printer's art. Our publications are eagerly sought fti 
at home and abroad; and we have scarcely more than be- 
gun. Much rich material still waits to be gathered and 
treasured. We will continue making honest and earnest 
endeavors to pay the debt we owe to the memory of a 
people of humble but genuine worth, but who, through 
their characteristic modesty and reserve, have been suf- 
fered to pass unnoticed and unnoted. Again, let me as- 
sure you that your cordial welcome is fully appreciated 
and accepted with hearty thanks. 

The annual address of the President, the Rev. John S. 
Stahr, D.D., LL.D., President of Franklin and Marshall 
College, Lancaster, Pa., was then read. 

President's Address. 


President's Address. 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

The history of the Pennsylvania-Germans presents 
many features of uncommon interest, and the interest 
grows in proportion as their history is better understood. 
The time has long since passed when men who could lay 
any claim to a thorough knowledge of the early histor . 
Pennsylvania would allow themselves to look with any 
degree of pity or contempt upon these people as a whole; 
and the long array of names eminent in art, science, busi- 
ness, politics, education and religion is sufficient proof that 
they had among them an abundance of men who possessed 
a high order of intellectual ability and moral worth. 
And yet, it must be confessed, that going hand in hand 
with native ability and nobleness of character, there has 
been a lack of progressive energy such as might, if it had 
been present, have given the representatives of this race a 
position in the vanguard of our American civilization. 
Was this want of aggressiveness due to excessive modesty 
or to peculiar historical conditions? Perhaps to both; 
but the latter especially is a factor of great importance. 
I take it that it is the office of this Society to investigate 
the causes and conditions of the phenomena which our 
history presents, and at the same time to make room, by 
the deepening of the consciousness of our own worth and 
the removal of obstacles in our way, to reach a higher 
plane among the representatives of other nationalities in 
our composite general life. 

In the development of a nation community life is of 
prime importance. Sir Henry Maine, in his well-known 
work on Village Communities, shows how, in the develop- 
ment of the Germanic nationality, land was held in tenure 

*4 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

by the whole community, and that this communitv. 
commune, constituted the unit in the development of 
national life. Our word " communism " is derived fr 
Commune, and it implies the carrying to an extreme of 
a process which is of profound significance if pro; 
prehended. It is a mere truism to say that all hui 
development is social, that no man left to himself c 
become a man in the full sense of the word. He is bound 
to his fellows and his progress depends upon his gr 
and receiving in his intercourse with others. Now, the 
association in which men stand in this way is not mer 
the association ot individual with individual, nor is it the 
direct relation between one individual and the life of the 
state or nation at large. Men are bound together soc^ 
into communities, subject to the same conditions, animal 
by the same spirit, challenged by the same difficu'- 
inspired by a common hope. These communi: 
their intercourse with each other, become conscious or 
larger, fuller and freer life which animates the state or 
nation; and it is only through the consciousness of this 
freer relation that the normal development of individual 
and communal life is possible. 

Three things, I take it, are essential to the hea/ 
growth of a given people. First, native genius. S - 
ondly, a proper environment, one which challenges the 
community's powers and brings life out of the narrow 
ruts of the commonplace upon the broader stage of hi: 
action, where the thrilling events of historv take pla 
Thirdly, fidelity to the original type, the preservation of 
the life and genius of the particular community. 

It goes without saying that nationalities and communi- 
ties, like individual men, have their orig inal ^ : t':s or their 
national genius. The Englishman, the Frenchman, the 

President's Address. 15 

Irishman, the Scotchman, the German, are all distinctively 
different. This difference depends not merelv upor. 
environment. It is inherited. It migrates with the men 
and women of each race wherever they go, and is not with- 
out a moulding influence in their growth and mode of life 
under all the conditions to which they are subject. All 
the great nations of the world have become great because 
of this national capacity, the capital with which I 
started in the process of their development. In :h:s re- 
spect the Pennsylvania-Germans occupy no mean place 
among the different nationalities which came to this coun- 
try and by the admixture of their various types formed the 
American Nationality. In school and at college the 
Pennsylvania-Germans, whether upon their own heath or 
in the larger institutions of learning in this countrv. have 
always held their own. In mathematics, in the sciences, 
in English literature, they have shown themselves apt 
pupils; and although their life in many respects seems 
prosaic enough, they have shown themselves possessed at 
times of genuine poetic feeling, which crops out in the 
most unexpected places and blooms into prominence in 
the best representatives of the type. 

National genius, however, requires a sphere in which it 
may manifest its powers; it needs stimulus from without in 
order to produce healthy, normal growth. This stimulus is 
found in the natural conditions by which it is surrounded. 
Man must earn his daily bread. He must fight ftg 
the forces of nature which make life difficult or threaten 
to overwhelm him. He obtains masterv over nature onlv 
by constant and skilful effort, so that the resources of the 
world in which he lives are made to minister continually 
to his well-being. But he needs, above all, the stimulus 
of contact with the world at large. The Greeks are 

*6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

sometimes said to have developed their civilization from 
within — that it is spontaneous growth — autochthonous, 
resulting in the most beautiful culture the world has 
ever seen. But the torch of leaning among the early 
Greeks was lighted by teachers who came from 
abroad, and the mythological narrative of the expedi- 
tion of the Argonauts in search of the Golden M. 
is an allegorical representation of the fact that the 
stimulus for the internal growth of a nation is found 
in the reaching out of its life into the distant p 
of the earth. The same fact is illustrated in the historv 
of the Germanic nations. Vilmar, in his History of Ger- 
man Literature, shows how r , after the conversion of the 
various German tribes to Christianity, they settled down 
peacefully to the enjoyment of the good which their re- 
ligion brought them. But before they could attain to the 
production of a literature and a high development in the 
arts and sciences, a second step was necessary. They 
needed stimulus from without. This stimulus, he says, was 
furnished by the crusades, and the influence of contact with 
the East permeated life in Germany and in the other na- 
tions of the West, so that they brought forth the flower of 
poetry, of chivalry, of art and science, to the great advan- 
tage of all the nationalities that had part in the move- 
ment. This principle holds true all the world over. No 
nation, that does not come in contact with the life of other 
nations, can achieve true progress, and it applies equally 
to the life of communities and of individual men. 

It is possible, however that contact with foreign ele- 
ments may overcome the national spirit and the result may 
be the extinction of the true genius of a people :\nd the 
substitution of elements which are foreign and ill avh:- 
to the stock upon which it is proposed to graft them. 1 his 

President's Address. 17 

point, also, is illustrated in the History of German Litera- 
ture. There is no darker age anywhere than that before 
the so-called period of Storm and Stress, when French 
influence was paramount in the literature of Germany. 
German life and spirit sought in vain for expression until 
men like Herder, Lessing, Schiller and Goethe, who were 
genuinely German and true to their own type of life, 
gained ascendency for the national spirit and ushered in 
a new day. 

The Pennsylvania Germans, when they came to this 
country, settled in communities. They did not come 
singly into larger communities which swallowed them up 
so that they w r ere immediately assimilated by the Eng- 
lish element. They established their first commi; 
here at Germantown. The Mennonites did the same in 
Lancaster county. The Palatines in Bucks and Mont- 
gomery, in Lehigh and Berks, to say nothing of the dis- 
tinctive settlements made by the Anabaptists at Ephmta, 
by the Moravians at Nazareth and Bethlehem and by the 
Schwenkfelders in Montgomery county. In these com- 
munities their own life was the prevailing feature. Here 
they made homes for themselves, found peace and rest, 
worshiped God in their own language, according to the 
dictates of their own conscience, and grew quietly until 
remote districts joined hands with each other so that they 
formed a belt across the state from northeast to south- 
west of which they had almost exclusive possession. 
Thrown together in this way and subject to a common 
environment, their life was more or less isolated. They 
were frugal and industrious, so that in course or time they 
became prosperous. They made the wilderness 
like the rose. They enjoyed, in spite oi their Ind 
around them, domestic peace and content. They chcr- 

i8 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

ished their religion, they set up the printing press, they 
developed a literature, they cultivated a life and spirit 
peculiarly their own. There was, however, a want of 
intercourse with other communities so that they lived to 
some extent apart from the other settlers of the com- 
monwealth. There was even a want of intercourse 
among themselves, as is evident from the fact that varie- 
ties of the dialect which they spoke have maintained them- 
selves distinctively different even to the present day. 
fact that they were to some extent different from the other 
nationalities breeded distrust and suspicion. They 
came hostile to new ideas. Others who could not u: 
stand them misrepresented their character and disposition 
and thus the isolation became more pronounced. 

The isolation which resulted in this way was not with- 
out certain advantages. It preserved intact their her 
tary traits, love of liberty, simplicity and honestv, habits 
of industry, love of peace and domestic tranquillity. It 
made a steadfast population. The conditions under 
which they lived called for some variety of employment. 
The different trades flourished, certain lines of manufac- 
ture sprang up so as to meet the needs of the people, but 
there was no disposition to get away from their our. 
vironment. The population was largely rural, and the 
sons remained near the ancestral home, devoting them- 
selves to agriculture and the peaceful pursuits which their 
ancestors had followed. For this reason portions 
Pennsylvania settled by the Germans have always ; 
garden spots of our commonwealth. There are no aban- 
doned farms; many homesteads have been generation after 
generation in the possession of the same families, a prool 
of the conservative spirit that predominated in the c 
munity. The condition of things was very much like that 

President's Address. 19 

which Schiller describes among the ancient Swiss, when 
Melchthal, outraged by the tyranny of the Austrian 
ernors, says that he will appeal to the shepherds in the 
mountains under the free canopy of Heaven, where, as 
he says " Der Sinn noch frisch ist, und das Herz gesund n ; 
and afterward, when he reports at the Rutli, he says: 

"Entriistet fand ich diese graden Seelen 
Ob dera gewaltsam neuen Regiment; 
Denn, so wie ihre Alpen fort und fort 
Dieselben Krauter nahren, ihre Brunnen 
Gleichforinig fiieszen, Wolken selbst und Winde 
Den gleichen Strich unwandelbar befolcen, 
So hat die alte Sitte hier vom Ahn, 
Zum Enkel unverandert fort bestanden 
Nicht tragen sie verwegne Keuerung 
Im altgewohnten gleichen Gang des Lebens." 

But this comparative isolation also carried with it seri- 
ous disadvantages. In the first place the German com- 
munity lost many of its most enterprising men because, 
notwithstanding their conservatism, they sought wider 
fields in which to operate. They went into the ! 
cities, or into territory where the Germans were not in the 
ascendency. They became English, and as the Germans 
failed to make provision for the literary and religious 
nurture of such, they went into other Churches and lost 
connection with the stock from which they had sprung. 
No doubt thev carried with them their hereditary traits 
and other communities were benefited by their coming, 
but their going was a loss, nevertheless, to the German 
communities themselves. In addition to this, the want of 
contact with the larger life of a progressive commi: 
tended to produce a spirit of narrowness and bigotry, 
manifest particularly in some of the smaller religious 
bodies, who, vainly imagining that they alone possessed 

20 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

the true Gospel of Christ, felt that they ought to keep 
aloof from the world. It is dangerous for any religious 
body to imagine that it alone is in possession of the truth, 
and that all others lie beyond the pale of the Christ 
Church; and the smaller the body, the greater the danger. 
There are in certain portions of Pennsylvania German 
people, gpod, faithful men and women who would [ 
sider it a sin to hear a sermon preached by a minister 
another denomination and who refuse to read secular 
papers, and who, therefore, have but little know!, 
the world in which they live. It is easy to see that in 
these circumstances there can be no progressive unfolding 
of the life of a community. 

It was but natural that men who fled from tierce re- 
ligious persecution in their own country should prize the 
freedom which they found in the new land in which they 
had taken refuge, and that they should settle down in the 
peaceful enjoyment of their religion and their tire-sides. 
Others, religious enthusiasts, who sought solitude for its 
own sake, of course gave themselves up to contemplation 
and meditation apart from the busy world, for whose life 
they had no taste. We can understand how such men 
should pour out their feelings in the k ' Song of the Tu 
Dove," and indulge in exalted, symbolical expressions to 
describe the feelings and longings which after all were in- 
describable. But all this put them in an abnormal rela- 
tion to many public interests. They exerted little or no 
influence in politics in the earlier stages of their history, 
in fact they cared nothing for politics as long as their own 
freedom was not molested. Thev planted their school- 
houses beside the churches and endeavored to pn 
this way for the education of their children; but when the 
means of education were inadequate and larger provision 

President's Address. 21 

was made by the commonwealth for the education of the 
citizens, they were not in a position to appreciate these 
schools and in fact, in many instances, looked with sus- 
picion upon innovations which they might have turned to 
their advantage. Naturally this gave rise to misunder- 
standing. Strangers who did not understand their history 
or appreciate their life and spirit passed harsh judgment 
upon them, and thus isolation led to alienation, a c 
tion that was unfortunate both for the Germans and for 
the commonwealth. In the larger fellowship of the Re- 
formed and Lutheran Churches there was more room for 
an expansive, social life; but even in these commur 
they labored under great limitations. Whilst they were 
prosperous enough to live in comfort, they were far too 
poor so far as making provision for the larger things of 
life is concerned. There was, therefore, a woeful 
of ministers and of the means of education which tended 
to retard their progress. 

It is well known that the English at first were afraid of 
the Germans, because they came in such large numbers 
and made a large part of the population. There was no 
disposition, therefore, to encourage them in taking part in 
public affairs. It was not until Benjamin Franklin felt 
that he needed them in the decision of burning questions, 
when the establishment of our constitutional government 
hung trembling in the balance, that they became a factor 
of importance in the political life of the state. That they 
possessed eminent capacity in this line, that they made not 
only good citizens but also good administrators, is proved 
by the line of German governors oi the commonwealth, 
who were among the best and most capable that ever oc- 
cupied the Executive chair. In fact we tind on c 
hand, in every walk of life, by their success in the p.. 

22 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

at the bar, in medicine, in business, that they possessed 
talents of a high order, capable of accomplishing brilliant 
results in the various walks of life. 

At the present time no vindication of the name and 
character of these people is required.- Their sons have 
risen to eminence and are living epistles known and read 
of all men. The part they have taken in the development 
of our commonwealth is before us. The share they have 
had in public life speaks for itself. We may say as 
Daniel Webster said on a momentous occasion of New 
England: " The past at least is secure." 

It is important, however, to recognize the fact that the 
time for such limitations is past. This comparative isola- 
tion, w r hich has been so great a drawback, should cease. 
So far as the Pennsylvania German dialect is concerned, 
its use should be limited. There is no reason why it 
should be perpetuated as a form of daily speech in busi- 
ness intercourse. It is essential that all the descendants 
of this race should acquire complete mastery of the Eng- 
lish language, and put themselves in touch with the busy 
life of the world around them. The dialect henceforth 
should be considered rather an accomplishment than a 
form of daily speech. While it is no doubt obligatory 
upon the religious denominations representative of these 
people to make ample provision for those who need ser- 
vice in the German language, there is no reason whv there 
should be any occasion for such service for the generations 
that are coming. The means of education, as plentiful at 
present, ought to bridge over the chasm, if there is one, 
that separates these people from the other IS ot the 


This does not mean that the descendants of the I 
sylvania Germans should forget their ancestry. It is 

Secretary's Report. 23 

above all important that they should venerate and pre- 
serve their native genius, for thus only can they be true to 
their own nature and attain to the full strength of vigor- 
ous manhood. There is perhaps no better illustration of 
the importance of remaining true and steadfast to native 
genius than that of the ancient Israelites. In the celebra- 
tion of the Passover, when the family was gathered 
around the table, girded as for a journey, when thev were 
about to eat the Pascal lamb it was encumbent upon the 
oldest son to ask: "What mean ye by this sen'ice?" 
Then the father of the house began to rehearse the his- 
tory of the nation, how they were delivered out of the 
hands of the Egyptians by the mighty power of Jehovah, 
etc., and thus they were kept mindful of their religion, 
they preserved their sacred traditions and inculcated that 
splendid spirit of patriotism which has been the admira- 
tion of the world. And we, the descendants of the early 
German settlers, have reason to be proud of our line 
and past history. It is well for us to cherish the tradi- 
tions of our fathers, in no narrow spirit, that we may be 
true to our genius and offer the most loyal service to the 
land in which we live. 

Secretary's Report. 
Following the President's address, the Secretary, H. 
M. M. Richards, made his annual report: 

To the Officers and Members of the Pennsyhan'ui-Gcr- 

man Society. 

Gentlemen: I take pleasure in reporting the con- 
tinued prosperity of our Society. Our membership, to 
date, foots up the encouraging total ot 456. I he new 
members received during the past year number thirty. 

24 The P ennsyhania-German Society. 

Since our last meeting all, so entitled, have received 
copies of our published Volumes 12 and 13. I feel as- 
sured that no one will take issue with me when I say that 
they by no means lower the high standard of excellence 
heretofore attained. Through its unequalled series of 
papers bearing on M Pennsylvania, as developed under 
German influences," this Society has gained a deserved 
prominence of which each and all may well feel proud. 
Our labors in the future should be confined, even more 
closely, to the perfection and completion of this most 
valuable work, which, though nothing else be ever accom- 
plished, will remain a perpetual monument to the glory of 
our race and to our own honor. 

Our loss by death has been five. To our great sorrow, 
of these one was our very gifted and universally lamented 
late President, the Rev. Joseph A. Seiss, D.D., LL.D., 
L.H.D., while another, equally lamented, likewise gifted 
and always faithfully laborious, was the Hon. Lee L. 
Grumbine, a member of our Executive Committee from 
the organization of the Society, whose loss will be espe- 
cially felt because, at the time of his decease, he had in 
preparation a most valuable paper on the Mennonites. 
which was to have been read at this meeting of the So- 
ciety and would have appeared in the succeeding volume 

of Proceedings. 

Respectfully submitted, 

H. M. M. Richards. 

Treasurer's Report. 25 

Treasurer's Report for Fiscal Year Ending 
October i, 1904. 


October 1, 1903, Cash Life Fund.... ..$ 250.00 

October 1, 1903, Cash General Fund. . . . 1,260.94 

Dues received during year 1904 1,383.00 

Dues received during year 1905 9.00 

Books sold during year 445.00 

Cash from Secretary 4.00 



By Vouchers as per book $1,898.50 

Cash in Bank $1,453.44 

October 15, Dues paid on ac- 
count 1905 since balancing ac- 
count $ 342.00 

October 22, since balancing ac- 
count 167.00 

$ 509.00 

Total balance in bank, October 24, 1904. .$1,962.44 

Julius F. Saciise, 


The above report was referred to an auditing com- 
mittee, consisting of Abraham S. Schropp, Esq., George 
M. Jones, Esq., and the Rev. P. C. Croil, D.D.. who 
subsequently reported that they had duly audited the ac- 
counts of the Treasurer and found them to be correct. 

26 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Election' of Officers. 

The election of officers for the ensuing year then took 
place, with the following result: President, Hon. James 
Addams Beaver, LL.D., oi Bellefonte, Pa., la; 
ernor of Pennsylvania, now Judge of the Superior Court; 
Vice-Presidents, Benj. M. Xead, Esq., of Harrisburg, 
Pa., and Ethan Allen Weaver, C.E., M.S., of German- 
town, Pa.; Treasurer, Julius F. Sachse, Litt.D., of Phila- 
delphia, Pa.: Executive Committee, W. K. T. Sahm, 
M.D., of Pittsburg, Pa., to fill vacancy caused by death 
of Hon. Lee L. Grumbine, Rev. L. Kryder Evans. I). I).. 
of Pottstown, Pa., Dr. John Franklin Mentzer, of Eph- 
rata, Pa. 

The morning session was concluded by the reading of 
the regular historical papers, forming a part of the So- 
ciety's " Pennsylvania, as developed under German In- 
fluences. " 

Following this meeting an excellent luncheon was most 

hospitably served in the ancient and historic Germantown 



The afternoon was most pleasantly and profitably spent 
in visiting the many places of great historic interest in and 
about Germatown, all of which were most kindly thrown 
open to the members of the Society and their lady friends. 
The trip was made in a number of large busses, all suit- 
ably decorated for the occasion. The places visited in- 
cluded the Toland House. Wagner House, Lower Bury- 
ing Ground, "Coroy," "Grumblethorpe, ,, Friends' Meet- 
ing House, "Green Tree Inn," the "Wydc" House, 
Mennonite Meeting House. Old Johnson House, Con- 
cord School House, home of the Site and Relic Soc 
Upper Burying Ground, " Upsala, 1 ' " Cliveden," Dunker 

Evening. 27 

Meeting House, St. Michael's Church-yard, where the 
bodies of the Wissahickon Monks are interred, the birth- 
place of David Rittenhouse, the astronomer, and the first 
paper mill in America. 


Having once more gathered in the Market Square 
Presbyterian Church during the early evening, the So- 
ciety was treated to a series of lantern slides illustrative 
of " Old Historic Germantown," with accompanying de- 
scriptive lecture, by Dr. Naaman H.. Keyser, of German- 

After a brief reception, following the lecture, the an- 
nual banquet was held in the Germantown Academy, 
which proved to be of an exceptionally pleasant character, 
with an unusually large attendance. 

The music, rendered by the Germantown Orchestra, 
Robert W. Staton, director, included among its excellent 
numbers, the following very interesting historical melo- 
dies which were brought to this country by the German 
Auxiliaries to the British army and played by them dur 
their occupation of Germantown in the fall of 1777: 
(a) The Brandewine, (b) The Anspacher, (c) The 
Yager Horn, (d) The Donop. 

The Hon. Thaddeus C. Vanderslice filled the orfice. of 
toast-master most acceptably. The toasts for the even- 
ing, which were responded to with more than usual 
quence, w r ere: "What the Pennsylvania-German Soc 
has Accomplished," Rev. Theodore E. Schmauk, D.D. ; 
" The Work of the Record Commission on the State 
Archives," Luther R. Kelker, Esq.; u The Site and Relic 
Society, of Germantown," Cornelius X. Weygandt, Esq.; 
"The Pennsylvania-German," Governor S. W. Penny- 
packer, LL.D. 

28 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Opening Remarks of Hon. Thad. L. Vanderslice, 


Ladies and Gentlemen: For some mysterious reason I 
have been appointed toastmaster, and, as I recognize both 
the legal status and the competency of ^he committee who 
did this foolish thing, it is but for me to obey and to as- 
sume the duties of the office. 

Now, a toastmaster is one clothed with great autho-'-v 
and great responsibilities. Like a taskmaster, it is for 
him to see that those who are detailed to do the work do 
it promptly and efficiently; and, like the bandmaster, he 
must catch the public fancy and see that the audience is 
pleased. Although thus clothed with responsibility 
authority, he is an utterly irresponsible being in his office, 
amenable to no one for the truth of what he says, or what 
he does. He may give his fancy its wildest wing, and 
although not a poet he has a poet's license to say what- 
ever fancy may dictate. Indeed, a properly constructed 
toastmaster is very much like a candidate for public office. 
— he may make any announcement, he may say something 
at variance with all experience and all statistics, but all 
that he has to do is to get his followers to follow him 
blindly. Now, I hope you will have such abiding faith 
in me to-night, that if I order any one to speak, you will 
help me to see to it that he speaks. It is within the 
toastmaster's authority to order both men and women to 
speak. Now, ladies, I can't tell what may happen, but 
as it is within the scope of authority I do assure you that 
if I call upon any of you to speak, speak you must. I 
now admonish you that if you speak too long it is my 
province to order you to stop; if you don't speak I 
enough, I may order you to continue. I want you to thor- 
oughly understand, ladies and gentlemen, the authority 

Opening Remarks. 29 

and vast responsibility of this office, which has been thrust 
upon me. 

By way of preface, before calling upon others, who 
have thorough knowledge of the subject matter upon 
which they will address you, I feel-that I should on be- 
half of the " Germantown Site and Relic Society " 
come to this banquet board all of the visitors who are 
within our gates. Ladies and gentlemen, I bid you wel- 
come to the feast. Of course you do know that you are 
in modest Germantown. You who have observed and 
read do know that there are few places of more real 
toric interest, within the same square yards of area, than 
Germantown. Were it not for the modestv of the Ger- 
mantown people, there would have been twenty shafts 
monuments erected, in the various spots of rare historic 
interest, in this town. Why, think of it for a moment. 
What are our surroundings here? By way of illustra- 
tion, where you w T ere to-day at the general meeting is old 
Market Square. Reflect on that spot for a moment. 
Green's men had almost pierced that Market Square. 
When you see Wayne Avenue, Greene street and Wash- 
ington Lane, you are reminded of, and see, in the m: 
eye, that patriot army coming up over the hills, out of 
the White Marsh Valley, on that cold, misty, October 
morning. It takes but a little play of imagination to - ( 
Greene and his men marching down the Limekiln Pike 
and the old York Road; Wayne and Sullivan coming 
Mt. Airy hill, at Allen's Lane. But for the unfortunate 
mishap of our right Hank, between Wayne and Sullh 
Green's attack would probably have been successful 
there would have been another storv to toll of the result 
of the Battle of Germantown. That following winter or 
hunger and suffering at Valley Forge, might not have been 

30 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

written in history. We ought to know more about Ger- 
mantown, or the people outside of Germantown ought to 
know more about us than they do. Indeed, I fear that 
there are comparatively few people throughout the State 
who realize, and I doubt whether all of_thc people or' 
Germantown realize that it was the original settlement of 
those sturdy Germans and Hollanders in 16S3. While it 
may not be that all of you Germans, from other parts of 
the State, are descendants of the men who lived in and 
near Germantown, who were naturalized, while living 
here, the names are familiar to most of you. and as I 
said, while it may not be that you arc all descendants of 
the men thus naturalized, the men who made this village, 
the men who had their own government, their own char- 
acter, their own seal, you might well be proud to be so 
descended, because this was an exceptional body of men. 
some of them, men of the highest literary attainment, lin- 
guists, artists, painters, teachers, millwrights, astronomers; 
men who gave blood and breath to a people that helped 
to make this State. Now, if not trespassing upon you, I 
will say one thing more. I ran over to-day the petition 
containing the list of the men who were naturalized in 
1709, after a delay of some fifteen or twenty years: by 
postponing consideration of their petition. \\ hilc I shall 
not read it all, for you can find it in Volume 2 of the 
Colonial Records, I will mention just a tew of them. 
The names that we find here are familiar to us in this 
immediate vicinity, and throughout the States. 

Pastorius, Kunders, Cunrades, Keyser, Strepers, Tun- 
nis, Arrets, Dilbeck, Sellen, Simons, Jansen. Vanderwerf, 
Shoemaker, Van Bebber, Vandergach, Gattschik, Engell, 
Van der Sluys, Kleinhof, Bucholtz, Tuymeri, Ruttinhey- 
sen, Stalls, Hendricks, Kessleberry, Roster. Gorgaea, Bar- 
tells, Krey, jansen, Scholl, Echle, Tysen. 

Opening Remarks. , 31 

And I may say in that connection, and perhaps most of 
you know it, that one portion of the present Montgomery 
county, a part of course of Philadelphia county, at one 
time, was settled by the people from Germantown. There 
was a migration from here in 1702; great numbers of 
those people settled in the uncleared forests in the valleys 
of the Skippack and Perkiomen, — but I had better be 
careful about what I say about the Valley of the Perkio- 
men — I leave that to abler and wiser heads. I know that 
there are men and women here from Allentown, Lan- 
caster, Harrisburg, Lebanon, Easton and elsewhere and 
I expect that all of them are the great great grandsons 
or the great granddaughters of these great ancestors. 

Now, ladies and gentlemen, this has been rather a 
rambling sort of talk, and I think I can do something 
much wiser than to continue upon a subject that I am not 
as familiar with as I should be; and especially should I 
cut my remarks short, when I remember whose presence 
I am in. I really had intended to make something of a 
speech, but circumstances have arisen since this dinner 
began, that have changed my purpose,! think I am wise 
if I stop right here. If, however my premises, or con- 
clusions, my remarks, or rulings are questioned to-n_ 
by any one high in official station, I may be driven to 
say more and to use the power of my office with some 

ITn fiftemoriam. 


Henry Kuhl Nichols. 35 

Henry Kuhl Nichols. 

Henry Kuhl Nichols, late Chief Engineer of the Phila- 
delphia and Reading Railway, died on November 22, 
1904, in his apartments in the Aldine Hotel, Philadel- 
phia, Pa., from Bright's disease. 

He was born in Pottsville. Pa., on August 24, 1S30, 
the son of Francis Boude Nichols (Nov. 5, 1793-June 
30, 1847), son °t William Nichols (Nov. 28, 1 754— 
Oct. 19, 1804) and Margaret Hillegas (Nov. 21, 1760- 
July 10, 1808), dau. of Michael Hillegas, first Treasurer 
of the United States (Apr. 22, 1729-Sept. 29, 1S04) 
and Henrietta Boude (Jan. 17, 1732-Jan. 25, 1792), son 
of Michael Hillegas (1696-Oct. 30, 1749), who emi- 
grated to America, from Germany, about 1727. 

Mr. Nichols served as a private in Company F, in the 
Second Regiment, Pennsylvania militia, in the Civil War. 

He entered the railway service in August, 1S47, an< ^ 
served as a rodman on the Mill Creek Railroad extension 
until June, 1848, when he became assistant engineer of 
construction on the same road. JE151SS4 

In 1857 he became principal assistant engineer of the 
United States Government, constructing the Fort Kearney 
and Honey Lake wagon road and preliminary survey for 
a Pacific road to California. From 1S61 to 1 S S3 he 
acted as resident engineer of the lateral roads. In 
March, 1883 to 1SS5, he was chief roadmaster of the 
Philadelphia & Reading Road, 1SS5 to 1900 chief engi- 
neer and in 1900 he resigned to become consulting engi- 
neer, which office he held until his death. 

36 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

He was a Free Mason, a member of Pulaski Lodge. 
216, of Pottsville; Sons of the Revolution, Hibernian 
Society, Historical Society, Philadelphia and Rittenhouse 
Clubs. He served the Philadelphia ^c Reading Road for 
fifty-four years. 

He is survived by one daughter, Clara, wife of Mr. 
Russell Evans Tucker. He became a member of the 
Pennsylvania-German Society on April 20, 1S97. 

H. M. M. R. 

James Meily. 

James Meily was born June 14th, 1S53, at Jonestown, 
Lebanon County, Pa. He was son of John Meily, b. 
Sept. 9, 1826, d. April 3, 1902, and Helen L. Halter, 
b. 1834, d. 1873 (dau. Nicholas Halter and wife Cathe- 
rine Flickinger), son of Martin Meily. b. Sept. 1S01, d. 
Sept. 1883, son of John Meily, b. 1775, d. Sept. 1S26, 
son of Henry Meily, b. 1747, d. ab. 1S20. The family 
were among the early emigrants to this country from 

His great-grandmother, wife of Henry Meily, was a 
member of the old Lebanon family of Overholzer. She 
was b. 1776, d. 1854. 

His grandfather, Martin, was an excellent example of a 
self-reliant, self-made man. During his boyhood he was 
reared upon a farm, and learned the trade of a potter. 
After attaining manhood he served for ten years as Justice 
of the Peace and for three years as a Notary Public. 
Without the ordinary advantages of education he studied 
law, as related to titles, becoming so expert upon the sub- 
ject as to be elected surveyor of Lebanon County, holding 

James Meily. 37 

that office most acceptably for a number of terms. In 
1823 he married Magdalene Groh, b. 179S, dau. John 
Groh, of Bethel Township, Lebanon Co., Pa. 

His father, John, was educated in the schools of Me- 
chanicsburg, Pa. After serving For a short time in a 
clerical position, he engaged in the transportation busi- 
ness on the old Union Canal at Jonestown. Later, he 
was connected with a mercantile concern in Philadelphia, 
and, about i860, engaged in the iron business, with 
Henry Meily, at Middletown, Pa. In partnership with 
Richard and Henry Meily, and Lyman Nutting, he built 
the Lebanon Valley Furnace, at Lebanon, Pa., which was 
successfully operated until his death in 1902. 

After attending the public schools, James was admitted 
to Lafayette College, from which he graduated with 
honors. He accepted a position with A. Wilhelm, of 
Lebanon. A year later he decided to embark in business 
for himself, and became prominent in various iron and 
other manufacturing industries. He was a director in the 
Lebanon Valley Furnace Company, owning the Meily 
furnace in Lebanon and an interest in the ore mines at 
Cornwall; he was also a director in the Lebanon Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company; he was largely interested in the 
Stirling Boiler Works, of Barberton, Ohio, and had been 
the eastern representative of these establishments for 
many years. 

His decease took place, suddenly, of heart failure, on 
April 20, 1905, at the Hotel Shelburne. Atlantic City, N. 
J. His residence of late was in Philadelphia. 

Mr. Meily was elected to membership in the Pennsyl- 
vania-German Society on April 20, 1S97, ^ IS Jc at h thus 
occurring on the eighth anniversary of his election. 

H. M. M. R. 
per? . ■ ■ . .. . - .,' . — 1. •■r.-'T'Ta 

38 The Pennsylvania-German Society 

Franklin Hundnre, 

Franklin Dundore, of the firm of F. Dundore k Co., 
bankers and brokers, one of the oldest members of the 
Philadelphia Stock Exchange, died Sunday, November 
27, 1904, at his home, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pa. 

He was born on April 6, 1838, in Bern Township of 
Berks County, Pa., near Bern Church, the son of Gabriel 
Dundore (Dec. 20, 1799-May 29, 1853) and Lydia. 
born Dewees (Aug. 2, 1812-June 4, 1872), who was the 
son of John Jacob Dundore (Aug. 13, 1776-Oct. 23, 
1861), who was the son of Jacob Dundore, b. July 25, 
1720, a sergeant during the Revolutionary War, at Val- 
ley Forge. His ancestors emigrated to this country from 
Alsace-Lorraine, shortly after 1700. 

In his early youth he was obliged to avail himself of 
the limited advantages of a country school at Bern church. 
Later he attended Rev. W. A. Good's academy in Read- 
ing. He graduated from the Iron City Commercial Col- 
lege, Pittsburg, in 1858. His first employment was an 
apprenticeship at tinsmithing, and in 1856-57 he was a 
dry goods clerk in Dyersville, Dubuque County, Iowa. 
After serving as cashier with J. L. Stichter and Bar/: & 
Reber, hardware merchants, Reading, in i860 he took a 
position with Seyfert, McManus & Co., iron manufac- 
turers, this city. In 1862 he became a partner in the firm 
of McHose, Eckert & Co., rolling mill operators. The 
mills were transferred to the West Reading Iron Com- 
pany and Mr. Dundore acted as treasurer, resigning in 

Franklin Dundore. 39 

1865 to go into the iron commission business in Philadel- 
phia. The panic of 1873 caused him to temporarily re- 
tire, and in 1877 he entered the business of banker and 

In the early 70's Mr. Dundore was a member of the 
Twelfth Sectional School Board, and in 1876 he was 
elected to Select Council from the Twelfth ward, Phila- 
delphia, serving until 1880. While in councils he became 
a pioneer in the work of bettering the Delaware and 
Schuylkill rivers, and many of the improvements are due 
to his efforts. In 1878 he was appointed by city councils 
to convey resolutions tendering the hospitalities of Phila- 
delphia to U. S. Grant, who was then in Europe. He 
presented the resolutions to the ex-President in Paris, and 
was on the committee that received him when he visited 
Philadelphia in 1879. 

Mr. Dundore was one of the original directors of the 
Sunbury & Lewistown Railroad and also one of the pro- 
jectors of several railroad enterprises in Kansas which are 
now in successful operation. He was one of the origin- 
ators of the Tradesmen's National Bank of Consho- 
hocken. During the Civil War he served in the Twen- 
tieth Regiment, P. V. M. He was well known in Ma- 
sonic circles, a member of Olympian Senate, No. 15, Order 
of Sparta, the Union League and the Pennsylvania-German 
Society, of which he became a member on April 1 1, 1S94. 

Until recently Mr. Dundore was identified with numer- 
ous enterprises, but he gave them up in order to devote 
his entire time to his business. His wife was a daughter 
of the late Charles Rick, of Reading. He is survived by 
three children — Charles Rick Dundore, Franklin Dundore. 
Jr., and Mrs. Ellen L. Dundore Sauveur. 

40 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Henry Edwin Slay maker. 

Henry Edwin Slaymaker was born October 26, 1828, 
at Margaretta Furnace, Lower Windsor Township, York 
County, Pennsylvania. He was son of Stephen C. Slav- 
maker, b. Jan. 17, 1802, d. April 3, 1835, and Susan Rei- 
gart, b.. April 4, 1804, d. May 7, 1886, son of Samuel 
Slaymaker, b. April 4, 1774, d. April 3, 1830, son of 
Henry Slaymaker, b. Aug., 1734, d. Sept. 25, 1785, son 
of Mathias Slaymaker (Schleiermacher) , d. 1762, a na- 
tive of Strasburg, Germany, who emigrated to this country 
about 17 10. He and his family settled on a tract of 
about 1,000 acres known as the "London Lands," situated 
in Strasburg, now Paradise Township, which he purchased 
from a company called the " London Company." 

Mr. Slaymaker was educated in the public schools of 
Lancaster County and a private school. He became the 
Auditor of Lancaster, and served as a School Director in 
that city for twenty-five years, also as a Jury Commis- 
sioner for three years. He was one of the earliest of the 
volunteer firemen of Lancaster and a member of the L'nion 
Fire Company for fifty-nine years. During the Civil 
War he served as Captain of Company B., 10th Regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Militia, in 1862. Under President 
Cleveland he was appointed Postmaster of Lancaster, 
serving from 1S85 to 1889. 

He became a member of the Pennsylvania-German So- 
ciety on April 15, 1 89 1. His death occurred at Lan- 
caster, Penna., on the night of September 1, 190;. 

H. M. M. R. 

Franklin Ditndore. 41 

Hiram Ynung. 

Hiram Young was born May 14, 1830, at Sheatters- 
town, Lebanon Co., Pa. He was the son of Samuel 
Young, who died when Hiram was but six years of ape. 
On the maternal side, his grandfather was John F. Oberly ; 
his great grandfather was Henry Sheatter, a Captain in 
the Revolutionary War from 1776 to 1783; his great, 
great grandfather was Alexander Sheafrer, the founder of 
Sheafrerstown. His ancestor came to America about 

After attending the village school, at the age of fifteen 
he was sent to Lancaster to learn the saddlery business. 
Being of a studious disposition he spent his evenings in 
reading, and, in 1850, took a position in a book store. 
In a few years he gave up business entirely and devoted 
himself to the completion of his education, entering the 
Lancaster High School. 

Abandoning his original intention of pursuing a univer- 
sity course, he accepted a position with the publishing 
house of Uriah Hunt & Sons, and later with Lippincott, 
Grambo & Co., in Philadelphia. 

Returning to Lancaster within a few years, he opened a 
book store of his own and built up a highly successful 
business. In i860 he removed to York, where he opened 
another store, and in 1864 he began publishing the Tru* 
Democrat, of York, which later became The Scmi-ITc: 
Despatch and True Democrat. In 1876 he started the 
Evening Despatch, now the York Despatch. 

4 2 

The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

In the early days of his career Mr. Young was a 
Douglass Democrat. When the Civil War came he 
ardently supported the Government. In i S 7 i he led a 
movement, in which he had the support of a number of 
Democrats, against what was known as the " York County- 
Court House Ring." In iSSS Mr. Young ran for Con- 
gress on the Republican ticket in a minority district, but 
was defeated. 

Mr. Young was deeply interested in agriculture. He* 
organized agricultural clubs and did all in his power to 
advance the interests of the farming community. He was 
at one time a member of the Farmers' Alliance, and in 
1890 represented Pennsylvania at a national sheep and 
wool-growers' convention at Washington, D. C. In 1S92 
President Harrison appointed him postmaster at York. 

He was one of the founders of the Pennsvlvania-Ger- 
man Society. His death took place in York, Pa., at 3 :s; 
on the afternoon of July 13th, 1905. He is survived by 
his wife and four sons. H. M. M. R. 

Christian P. Humrich. 43 

Christian P. Humrich. 

Christian P. Humrich, of Carlisle, Pa., a noted local 
historian and most highly esteemed citizen, died, of pleuro- 
pneumonia, on January 5, 1906, at the age of seventy-four 

He graduated from Dickinson College in June, 1 S r 2 . 
and, two years later, was admitted to the Cumberland 
County Bar, where he continued the practice of law, being, 
at the time of his decease, the oldest member of the bar 
and president of the Bar Association. 

For forty years he served as school director of Carlisle, 
thirty-seven years of which he was secretary. He was also 
president of the board of trustees of the Good Will Hose 
Company, and secretary of the Hamilton Library Associa- 
tion, a historical organization of Carlisle. 

Mr. Humrich was a consistent member of the First 
Lutheran Church, and is survived by these children: 
Charles F., Ellen, Blanche, Mary, Mrs. Jacob Humer 
Christian, Jr., all of Carlisle. 

He became a member of the Pennsylvania-German So- 
ciety at its organization. 

H. M. M. R. 

44 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Freeland Dntwalts Hnbsnn. 

Freeland Gotwalts Hobson was born Oct. 13, 1S57, at 
Collegeville, Montgomery County, Pa. He was a son of 
Frank M. Hobson, b. Jan. 22, 1830, son of Mary Matilda 
Bringhurst, b. Nov. 21, 1801, d. June 12, 1834, m. Francis 
Hobson, dau. of Israel Bringhurst, b. Feb. 28, 1770, d. 
Dec. 27, 181 1, m. Mary Lewis, son of William Bring- 
hurst, b. June 24, 1745, d. Oct. 16, 1798, m. Man- Xorris, 
son of George Bringhurst, b. May 15, 1697, d. Feb. [8, 
1752, son of John Bringhurst, m. Rosina Prache. His 
mother was Anna Elizabeth Gotwalts, d. Aug. 9, 1902, 
dau. of Jacob Gotwalts, b. Mar. 15, 1798, d. Jan. 29. 
185 1, m. Esther Vanderslice, son of Elizabeth Funk, m. 
Henry Gotwalts, dau. of Barbara Cassel, d. Dec. 29, 1792, 
m. Rev. Christian Funk, dau. of Julius (Yelles) Cassel. 
d. 1750, who came to America Oct. 16, 1727, from Kries- 
hein, Germany, on the ship " Friendship." 

Among his other descendants from Germany were Isaac 
Van Sintern, b. Sept. 4, 1660, d. Aug. 23, 1737, who came 
to America in 1687; Dillman Kolb, b. 1648, at Wolfshein, 
d. 17 1 2, at Manheim, Penna.; Hendrick Pannebecker, b. 
Mar. 31, 1764, at Flombon, d. Apr. 4, 1754; Christian 
Moyer, d. 175 1, who came to America prior to 17 19. He 
was also descended from the Hunsicker and Vanderslice 

Mr. Hobson was treasurer and trust officer of the Nor- 
ristown Trust Company, which he organized in [888. He 
was president of Group 2 of the State Bankers' Associa- 

Freeland Gotwalts Hob son. 45 

tion, a trustee of Ursinus College and a director in a num- 
ber of local business concerns. He was a member of the 
Trinity Reformed Church, Collegeville. ar.d served as an 
elder for twelve years. He was also a prominent member 
of the Patriotic Order of Sons of America, Camp No. 
267, at Trowbridge, and, in August, 1893, was elected 
State president of the Order. In addition, he was a mem- 
ber of the Valley Forge Memorial Association, and, for 
twenty years, was treasurer and chairman of the executive 
committee. While a Republican in politics, and an earnest 
supporter of the principles of the party, he never sought 
political preferment. 

He was one of the leading members of the Montgomery- 
County Bar. His decease occurred on January 1 1, [906, 
at his home in Collegeville, Pa., as the result of an attack 
of pneumonia. He is survived by a wife, who was a 
daughter of the late Rev. Joseph H. Hendricks, and three 

Mr. Hobson became a member of the Pennsylvania- 
German Society on October 2, 1902. 

H. M. M. R. 

4 6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Rev* Havid McCnnanghy Gilbert, E.3. 

The Rev. David McConaughy Gilbert, D.D., was born 
February 4, 1836, in Gettysburg, Pa. He was the son 
of David Gilbert, M.D., b. July 27, 1803, d. July 1 . 
1868, eminent in the medical and surgical world, being for 
years a professor of medicine in the Pennsylvania College 
at Gettysburg; son of George Gilbert, b. Nov. 13, 17S1, 
d. Dec. 17, 1809; son of George Gilbert, b. 1754, d. Apr. 
11, 1805; son of Bernhard Gilbert, b., in Germany, 1724, 
d. Feb. 28, 1802. 

Dr. Gilbert graduated from the Pennsylvania College 
at Gettysburg in 1857, and from its Theological Seminary 
in 1859. I n October of that year he was licensed to 
preach the Gospel, and a short time later, in 1S60, he was 
ordained a minister of the Evangelical Lutheran Church 
by the Synod of Virginia, and given the pastorate of the 
Central Evangelical Lutheran Church at Staunton, Vir- 
ginia, in December, 1859, where he remained until 1S63. 

He was subsequently pastor of the Church of the Ascen- 
sion at Savannah, Georgia, but later returned to his former 
call at Staunton. A call from Grace Church, at Winches- 
ter, Virginia, in 1873, was accepted, and he was filling 
that charge in 1887, when Zion Lutheran Church, of Har- 
risburg, called him to succeed Rev. Dr. Albert H. Stude- 
baker, who accepted a call in Baltimore. 

Harrisburg has been Dr. Gilbert's home ever since, and 
here he labored and did noble work in the cause of religion, 
with the love of his congregation and the respect of Har- 
risburg citizens in general. 

Rev. David McConaughy Gilbert. 47 

High in the councils of his church. Dr. Gilbert, at the 
Triennial meeting of the General Synod of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church, held in Pittsburg last July, made a re- 
port on "The State of the Church." He was a member 
of the Dauphin County Historical Society, and took an 
active part in civic affairs, always lending by his good work 
and word encouragement to any cause that was for the 
betterment of his fellow-man. 

Dr. Gilbert was married in New Orleans in 1866. to 
Miss Mary Rutledge Falligant, of Savannah, Georgia, 
who survives him with the following children: John G.. 
William Kent, Frederick M., David McC, Jr., Marion. 
Henry D., Mrs. Katherine Rutherford, wife of Robert M. 
Rutherford, of Steelton, and Miss Jane Gilbert. 

Of his excellence and worth the Harrisburg papers have 
commented in the following editorial: 

"Although he had held that high place for eighteen 
years, Rev. Dr. D. M. Gilbert, whose death is recorded 
this morning, was much more to Harrisburg than the be- 
loved pastor of its oldest Lutheran church, which has : 
truthfully styled the parent of all the other churches of 
that denomination in this city. 

" During all the years of his pastorate here, in every 
religious and philanthropic movement, in every enterprise 
for the advancement of the best interests of the city and 
its people, Dr. Gilbert was a conspicuous and influential 
figure, and his death will be deeply mourned by those of 
every creed and color. 

" In his own church he was like a father to his people 
and over them, especially the young of his Bock, his benefi- 
cent influence was almost boundless. Terrorism was no 
part of his equipment. He ruled by persuasion, inspired 

48 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

by love and illuminated by a bright and sunny humor, 
altogether delightful. 

"After his fine scholarship, his broad humanity and his 
humble piety, his most striking characteristics were his 
keen, discriminating judgment and his all-embracing char- 
ity. His intimate friends were accustomed to say of him 
that in all his years here he never made an indiscreet utter- 
ance nor did an unwise act. 

" It was characteristic of him to travel many miles in 
the worst weather and over execrable roads, to comfort, 
to succor and to bring back home, some poor wanderer 
who had strayed as far from the right as from his friends. 

" He hated sin, but had boundless pity for the sinner. 
His charity was like that exemplified by the meek and lowly 
Nazarene when He said to those who would kill the poor 
erring woman ' Let him that is without sin among you first 
cast a stone at her.' His was the charity that Paul wrote 
of to the Corinthians — the charity that suftereth long and 
is kind, that vaunteth not itself, that is not putted up, that 
is not easily provoked, that th'inketh no evil, that rejoiceth 
in the truth, that beareth all things, believeth all things, 
hopeth all things, endureth all things. 

"When such a man dies it is a public bereavement, but 
his memory and his example endure and shall remain an 
inspiration and a benediction. 

His decease occurred on the morning of October 16, 
1905. He became a member of the Pennsylvania-German 
Society on January 15, 1897. 


George Benson Dunmire. 49 

George Benson Eunmire, M.H. 

Dr. George Benson Dunmire was born May 2, 1S37, at 
McVeytown, Mifflin County, Pa. He was son of Gabriel 
Dunmire, b. Sept., 1809, who was son of Henry Dormeyer 
(b. 1768, d. Sept. 19, 1844), an d Catharine Geyer fdau. 
George Geyer) , who was son of Jacob Dormeyer, who was 
son of Jacob Dormeyer. The family came from the Pali- 
tinate of Germany, arriving at Philadelphia in 1749 and 
settling in Lancaster County. 

During the Civil War he enlisted in the 125th Regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, in 1862, and served with 
it for nine months. Subsequently, he received a commis- 
sion as First Lieutenant of the 46th Regiment. Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers. At the close of the war he studied med- 
icine, and was graduated from Jefferson Medical College 
in the class of 1865. He practiced medicine in Philadel- 
phia until his decease on November 2, 1905. 

For many years Dr. Dunmire was Treasurer of the 
Medical Society 7 of the State of Pennsylvania. In addi- 
tion, he was a member of the Philadelphia Counts- Medical 
Society, the Pathological Society, the Obstetrical Society 
of Philadelphia, and the American Medical Association. 

He was elected to membership in the Pennsylvania- 
German Society on January 15, 1897. 

H. M. M. R. 

5° The Pennsylvania-German Society 

Daniel Rhine Hertz, E. U.S. 

Daniel Rhine Hertz was born May 19, 1837, In what 
was then the parsonage of the old Bethany Refo- 
Church, at Ephrata, Pa. He was the son of the Rev. 
Daniel Hertz, b. Apr. 23, 1796, d. Sept. 22, 1S6S, then 
pastor of said congregation, who was son of Ludwig 
Hertz, b. Apr. 15, 1759, d. Mar. 28, iS2i,son of Rosanna 
Hertz, b. Jan. 9, 1762, d. Mar. 1, 1S14. His mother 
was Maria A. Hoover, b. July 14, 1804, d. Dec. 24, 1S45, 
dau. of Christian Hoover. 

The young man was educated in the common schools of 
his native township. Prof. Beck's school at Lititz, and at 
the Millersville Normal School. After teaching a public 
school in East Lampeter township for two sessions, he 
entered the office of Dr. Moore, at New Holland, and 
took up the study of dentistry, and later entered the Penn- 
sylvania Dental College at Philadelphia, from which in- 
stitution he graduated with honors. He successfully fol- 
lowed this profession for a period of over forty vcars, 
being recognized as one of the leading dental practitioners 
of the North End. 

He was a life-long and very active member of the 
Bethany Reformed congregation at Ephrata, having served 
as an elder of the church for many years. He had always 
been prominent in all measures tending to advance the 
interests of Bethany congregation. His hospitable house 
was generally the home of the non-resident visiting minis- 
ters of the church. He also took a very active interest in 

Daniel Rhine Hertz. 51 

Sunday School work. He was one of the organizers of 
the old Union Sunday School at Ephrata, and served for 
many years as its superintendent. 

He was an active and very prominent member of Lc 
No. 43, F. and A. M. of Lancaster, having joined the 
organization in 1869, and having attained very high honor. 
He was a member of Royal Arch Chapter, No. 43, and 
Goodwin Council, No. 19, Royal and Select Masons; Lan- 
caster Commandery, No. 13, Knights Templar. He was 
also an active member of Washington Camp, No. 227, 
P. O. S. of A., of Ephrata, being a Past President of that 
order. He was for many years a member of the A. O. 
U. W., of Philadelphia. He was one of the reorganizers 
of the Ephrata Monument Association, which organiza- 
tion was instrumental in having the splendid soldiers' mon- 
ument erected on Zion's Hill, near Ephrata. He was a 
member of the Harris Dental Association of Lancaster. 
He assisted in the organization of the Ephrata Borough 
Board of Health in 1893, and was its first president. He 
served on the Board until 1901, when he resigned. 

Dr. Hertz is survived by his wife, nee Lizzie Hibsh- 
man, and one son, Dr. J. D. Hertz, of Stamford, Conn., 
and one daughter, Miss Lena M., residing at home. Dr. 
S. G. Hertz and Dr. E. A. Hertz, both of Philadelphia, 
are surviving brothers of the deceased. 

His decease took place at S.45 P. M. on Sunday, Oc- 
tober 1, 1905, after an illness of some six months. 

He was elected to membership in the Pennsylvania- 
German Society on April 13, 1S99. 

H. M. M. R. 

5 2 The Pennsyh'ania-German Society. 

Han. John H. UTeisa. 

" John H. Weiss, the sixteenth President Judge of the 
Courts of Dauphin County, died at his home, in Harris- 
burg, on the morning of the 2 2d day of November, 1905, 
in the sixty-fifth year of his age. 

"He was the eldest son of John and Martha Weiss, 
and was born near Schaefferstown, in Lebanon County, 
on the 23d day of February, 1840. His early years were 
passed in labor upon the farm where his parents lived, 
and in attendance upon the common schools in its neighbor- 
hood, where his education began. He continued his 
studies in the Millersville State Normal School, and com- 
pleted them, in 1863, as a graduate of Jefferson, now 
Washington and Jefferson College. His faithfulness to 
duty was early attested by the distinction he gained as a 
scholar in those institutions of learning. 

" He commenced the study of law in 1863, in the office 
of Hon. David Mumma, of Harrisburg, Pa., and pursued 
it with such diligence, understanding and devotion that, 
when he was admitted, on fifth December, 1S65, as an 
attorney-at-law of the Dauphin County Court, he had 
already given full assurance of his early usefulness and 
eminence at this bar. His success in his profession was 
immediate, and he quickly gained a numerous and impor- 
tant clientage, which he steadily enlarged and maintained 
until he passed from the labors of a lawyer to those of a 
judge. His conduct as a lawyer commanded and rewarded 
the long trust the public placed in him. In all his pro- 

Hon. John H. Weiss. 


fessional work he was ideally faithful to the welfare of 
all his clients, shrinking from no study, however severe, 
and declining no labor, however arduous, which could 
promote or safeguard their interests. He was preemi- 
nently a safe counselor, and his advice was much desired, 
by reason of its rare sense and wisdom. He did not 
delight in speech to juries, preferring to avoid it; but, 
to an extent that he never would admit, he had, and when 
required he used, the gift of clear statement and sensible 
presentation of the causes of his clients, which profoundly 
influenced the jurors who listened to him. 

"Amid all his professional cares, he did not neglect his 
duty as a citizen. For many years he was a leader in the 
politics of his city and county, and a trusted adviser in 
those of the State. He was a man of large public spirit, 
of sincere interest in the welfare of his fellow-men, and of 
much service, in useful and disinterested ways, to his city 
and its people. His friendships were many and true, 
marked on his part by manifold acts of endearing ten 
ness, and ended only by death. 

"The charm of scholarship and the grace of culture 
adorned him, and until the end of his days he delighted in 
literature, in painting, and in all the arts which refine life 
and console the spirit. He was an attendant of the Pres- 
byterian Church, and had an unshaken belief in the truths 
of religion as revealed in the Holy Scriptures. He was a 
devoted son and brother, and his home was blessed by his 
love for his wife and children, and by their love for him. 
His nature was social, his hospitality generous, and rrs 
kindness of heart and its many manifestations, ;iss^v .. 
as they were, with knowledge and humor, made his I 
ciety a pleasure to his fellow-men. 1 1 is manv excellences 
of mind and character, of temperament and manner. \ 

54 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

so plain to the public view that when Judge McPherson 
resigned his office of Additional Law Judge of this dis- 
trict to accept the office of District Judge of the United 
States, Judge Weiss was, on March 14, 1899, appointed 
his successor, in answer to the unanimous request of the 
members of this bar, and he was chosen by the people of 
this district, without division of party, at the November 
election of 1899, to be his own successor for the full judi- 
cial term of ten years. 

" He continued to serve as i\dditional Law Judge until 
the death of Judge Simonttm cast upon him the office of 
President Judge of these courts. His years of judicial 
service were less than seven in number. But brief as that 
service was, it was long enough to prove, by many tests, 
that Judge Weiss had maintained unimpaired the high 
renown of the Bench of Dauphin County for ability, for 
learning, for justice, for honor, and for humanity, and to 
make his death a loss to the administration of the law, and 
a personal sorrow to every member of this bar." 

"Judge Weiss was a member of Common Council in 
1877 an d at his death one of the Public Library trustees. 

" He was married in June, 1870, to Man' Virginia Fox, 
daughter of John E. Fox, a prominent Philadelphia banker 
and broker, who survives him with three children. District 
Attorney John Fox Weiss, Miss Caroline and Miss Marion 
Weiss. A son, Frank, died a few years ago in his early 
youth, and two daughters, Mary Virginia and Elizabeth 
Boggs, died in infancy." 

Judge Weiss was elected to membership in the Pennsyl- 
vania-German Society on October 24, 1901. 

JAN 75 


mini AM A