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Full text of "Pennsylvania grange news"

Title: Pennsylvania grange news, v.40 

Place of Publication: Chambersburg, Pa. 

Copyright Date: 1943/1944 

Master Negative Storage Number: MNS# PSt SNPaAg094.2 



Volume 



40 



1 943 / 1 944 




Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg, Pa., under Act of Congrees of March 3, 1879 



^^^^^^^^^S^^ 



HARRISBURG, PA., APRIL, 1943 



No. 1 



Unprecedented Food Production 

Nation^ s Problem 



By Miles Horst 



PROBABLY never before has the 
World's dependence upon agricul- 
ture for its very existence been 
brought into such prominent relief 
as at the present time. That depend- 
ency is not of recent creation, it has 
always existed. The tide of advance- 
ment and economic well-being has 
risen and fallen from time immemori- 
al with the fortunes of agriculture. 
But the relationship has not been 
generally recognized by the public. 
Today agriculture of this country is 
looked upon as the source of food not 
alone for civilian America and its 
armed forces, but for the populations 
of the Allied countries as well, call- 
ing for production far beyond con- 
ception of only a few years ago. Under 
normal conditions these requirements 
could be met without question. But 
this stupendous task is required under 
war conditions and whether by lack of 
foresight or an unwillingness to face 
an inevitable situation on the part 
of the Federal Government, those 
conditions have been permitted to de- 
velop to a point where they are strik- 
ing at the very heart of agricultural 
operation. 

We are now experiencing a short- 
age of some foods. Demands for food 
from all sources are greatly increas- 
ing while the production difficulties 
besetting the farmer are becoming 
more and more severe. Those diffi- 
culties are beyond his control. He 
had no part in creating them and he 

18 powerless to overcome them, be- 
cause they are under Government dic- 
tation. 

Influx of Labor to Industry 

Through an influx to industry, 
where higher and still higher wages 
are the irresistible attraction, com- 
bined with shorter hours, and through 
the military draft, the farms of the 
country have lost an estimated two 
million workers. A groat number of 
them were key men in the operation 
of the farms, men experienced over 
long years with the varied require- 
ments of agriculture and in the opera- 
tion of mechanized equipment. Those 
|nen cannot be replaced. What is the 
inevitable result? The same as that 
^nich befalls industry. Shortage of 
nianpower, less production. 

This situation strikes hard at the 
small farm states, and Pennsylvania, 
yhere the average for all the farms 

19 86 acres, is in this category. In 
^any of these cases the loss of one 
jnan means the loss of all the hired 
labor. 



Under conditions of a man power 
shortage, the logical course would be 
to turn to a still greater mechaniza- 
tion of the farm operation, but this 
is not possible with manufacture of 
farm equipment reduced far below the 
quantity which was available in nor- 
mal times. 

These things bring to agricultural 
operations a maze of dilemmas which 
must thwart any attempt to get maxi- 
mum production in spite of the fact 
that unprecedented production is a 
number one need of this country and 
of our Allies in the war. Of the many 
problems which have been created, 
the labor shortage is the most serious 
and the one which can bring disaster 
through food shortages. 

Involved with the labor situation is 
the factor of prices for farm products. 
Under the system of price regulation, 
the farmer is not assured of the cost 
of production of many of his pro- 
ducts. 



Agriculture 



Cannot 
Loss 



Operate at a 



Agriculture, like industry, cannot 
continue operation at a loss. If the 
farmer cannot receive at least his cost 
of production, the inevitable result 
must be that he will quit producing. 
In spite of higher costs, his return 
has not kept pace with that of the 
wage earner. The cost of all foods 
lias held at 22% of family income 
with domestic farm food products re- 
porting 17%. These income shares 
reflect retail food prices which are at 
record lows in relation to income. 

Curtailment of price rises for agri- 
cultural products is one of the pri- 
mary causes for the critical farm 



labor situation. While industry was 
offering higher and still higher wages 
and an eight hour day, the farm in- 
come did not permit of even an at- 
tempt to adjust farm wages accord- 
ingly, which caused a steady flow of 
labor from the farms. This situation 
cannot be corrected now. It has gone 
beyond the point of correction for it 
cannot be conceived that persons now 
accustomed to higher wages and 
shorter hours will return to the farm 
at lower wages and a 12 to 14 hour 
day while they are able to participate 
in the "more abundant life." 

These conditions necessarily bring 
the country face to face with a most 
serious situation at the present. But 
they also have a most important bear- 
ing upon the economic picture of the 
future. Over the past several years 
agriculture has become more and more 
a source of experimentation by theor- 
ists who would plan the economic 
course for agriculture according to 
the desires which they might hold at 
the moment in disregard of the laws 
of supply and demand. This experi- 
mentation has led through many high- 
ways and byways but always with the 
same result — the creation of a more 
involved and serious situation. These 
theoretical plans could not be carried 
out without the incorporation of an 
approach to regimentation. Controls 
were set up to regulate production and 
to bring prosperity from reduced 
grain bins. 

What About Governmental 
Controls 

The war has proved more definitely 
the fallacy of many of the courses 
which have been pursued. But as a 
result of the war under which limit- 
less supplies of food are required, it 
is an easy matter to insist that still 
greater governmental control is nec- 
essary if the food requirements are 
to be approached. Agriculture now 
finds itself powerless to operate as a 




MORE POULTRY AND EGGS WANTED 

An increase of 5% in chickens raised and of 8% in egg production is asked 
by the government of the Pennsylvania poultry industry 



free enterprise with the government 
controlling the labor supply, mechani- 
cal equipment and prices. The out- 
look is that these controls will be tight- 
ened unless plans are devised which in 
spite of controls and government reg- 
ulations can bring sufficient food to 
supply the needs of the ever increas- 
ing war effort. 

If during the war period agricul- 
ture is brought under complete con- 
trol of the government, what shall be 
the course to be followed when the 
war shall be ended. Will the govern- 
ment look upon the situation then as 
an emergency warranting the continu- 
ation of that control with the claim 
that without governmental guidance 
and paternalism the economic founda- 
tion under agriculture will be swept 
away? Under a proclaimed emergen- 
cy, attempts would be made to justify 
a complete dictation over the course 
that agriculture would pursue and the 
principles of free enterprise would be 



gone. 



Free Enterprise 



It is with consideration of this sit- 
uation, not only to bring assurances 
of sufficient food production for the 
present, but for the assurances of the 
continuance of agriculture as a free 
enterprise in the future that the pub- 
lic must become fully conscious of 
the fact that agriculture is a national 
problem, effecting the generations of 
the present and of the future. Agri- 
culture is actually the keystone of 
free enterprise under the democratic 
form of government. Permit that 
keystone to be bored from its wedge 
and the arch must fall with crushing 
disaster to the freedom and wellbeing 
of every American. Agriculture must 
be placed in a r>osition through the 
support of the public to demand the 
death knell for subsidies which are 
only a subtle form of paternalism 
which has brought the downfall of 
nations from time immemorial. The 
farmer asks for nothing except that 
his path become cleared from man- 
made obstacles which will not permit 
him to produce. There will be no 
more certain way to assure the free- 
dom and independence of agriculture 
than through the production of suffi- 
cient food to meet the enormous war 
demands. 

The farmer has for a long time been 
crowded into the small end of the 
funnel through which returns for la- 
bor and investment are received. His 
occupancy by necessity of a sub-stand- 
ard base when comparison is made 
with other vocations, is legend. While 
from many sources comes the insist- 
ence upon social gains for other 
classes, involving less hours per day, 
a shorter work week, but with in- 
creased pay, no concern is felt about 
the farmer and his family being re- 
(Concluded on page 4-) 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1943 April, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 




Telephone traffic is iieavy too 

There's a lot involved in keeping a fighting force on 
the move. 

You know this from the increase in demand for farm 
products. We know it from the extra telephone calls 
we're handling every day. 

Like you, men and women of the Bell System are 
giving first call to war needs. You can help speed war 
messages by not making Long Distance calls to war-busy 
centers unless they are vital. 



BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM 







A 



¥^1 



MAY CHICKS 

are PROFITABLE 

Not only are brooding 
costs lowered but HALL'S 
MAY CHICKS should lay 
consistently throughout the 
entire year. ORDER NOW 
— don't delay. Send for 
your copy of our 1943 
Catalog. It will help you 
decide on the best chicks to buy. 

MALL IIOTHEIt HATOHEIY. III. 
••I 49 WalliiifMi. e«ii. 



HALLS CHICKS 



QUALITY CHICKS 

100% live del. Postpaid. 8tr. Pita. Ckla. 
PuUeU 95% guaranteed. 100 100 100 

White Leghorns $10.00 $18.00 $3.50 

N. H. & R. I. Reds. 

Bar. A W. Rox 11.00 15.00 11.00 

Heavy Mixed 10.00 

Leghorn Cockerels 2.50 

PluM CrMk Ppiiltry Farm and Hatdiary, Sunbury. Pa. 

FOR SALE 

Forest and Christmas tree seedlings and 
transplants ; American Red, Scotch and 
White Pine, Norway and Colorado Blue 
Spruce. $10.00 and up per thousand. 

PINE HILL FARMS NURSERY 

M. C. Stkwart. Homer City, Pa. 

Indiana County 



Classified Ads, 



THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 



REV. W. D. KEEMER 



"He is not here^ He is risen." 

The darkest night in the world's 
history had just come to an end as 
the morning sun appeared over the 
eastern horizon. 

The Blessed Teacher, who told his 
disciples as he trod the paths of 
Galilee, that he was the Light of the 
World, had come to the close of his 
ministry. As he paid the supreme 
penalty for your sins and mine on 
the cruel cross of Calvary, even the 
sun in the heavens refused to give 
forth light. But the greatest dark- 
ness was in the hearts of those 
who had learned to love and trust 
him, for we recall the two disciples 
who were walking toward the village 
of Emmaus and said: "We had 
trusted that he would redeem Israel, 
but now he is dead." 

Even the women who loved their 
Master so much could only think of 
him as being dead as they came to 
the tomb in the early morning to 
anoint his body. 

The hope of all the Ages lay in 
that guarded tomb that night, and if 
he had not come forth as Victor over 
the grave, we, too, would have no 
hope of another life. What a joyous 
Easter Morning it must have been to 
those women as they came to the tomb 
and found the stone rolled away. And 
as they looked in they saw the Angel 



who said: "He is not here. He is 
risen." How glad the disciples were 
to hear the story of his resurrection 
and then later to meet ,and greet the 
same Savior they had learned to love 
so much. If we can hear him say the 
wonderful words he spoke to them— 
"Because I live, ye shall live also"— 
then all of life will have a difEerent 
meaning for us. 

As we approach the Easter Season 
may we each one ask ourselves : What 
does the resurrection mean to us. 
Our lives will be much different if we 
are constantly guided by the thought 
that our happiness in the life beyond 
the grave depends on how we live in 
the present life. 

When the mortal shall have put on 
immortality then shall be brought to 
pass the saying that is written: 
"Death is swallowed up in victory." 
This is the hope of every Child of 
God at this glad Easter Season, even 
though sorrow may fill our hearts. 
So live that when the summons come 
to join that innumerable caravan that 
moves to that mysterious realm, where 
each shall take his chamber in the 
silent halls of death, that thou goeth 
not like the slave scourged to his 
dungeon, but sustained and soothed 
by an unfaltering trust, approach thy 
grave like one who wraps the drapery 
of his couch about him and lies down 
to pleasant dreams. 



FOR SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle — Cows, 
Heifers, and Young Bulls. Sybil 
breeding. Also Chester White Hogs. 

J. A. Boak & Sons, New Castle, Pa. 



C. J. BAINBRIDOE, Syracuse, New York, 
Orange Badges, Buttons, Regalia and supplies 
of every description. Official and the recog- 
nized standard everywhere. Send for catalog. 



BABY CHICKS OF QUALITY— Leghorns, 
Anconas, Hampshires, White Rocks, Reds. 
Nelson's Poultry Farm, Grove City, Pa. 

WHITE LEGHORN CHICKS. Tom Baxson 
Leghorn Fabmb, Box 17, Richfield. Pa. 



DESTROY INSECT HARBORS 
TO INCREASE FOOD CROPS 

H. E. HODGKISS 

Chemical warfare against garden 
insects is going to be limited this 
year compared with other years. The 
reason is that military needs are tak- 
ing some of the materials ordinarily 
used in insecticides. 

Insects cause large reductions in 
yields of vegetable crops each year. 
These losses would be greater if gar- 
deners did not clean up and destroy 
crop residues and trash. They know 
that the best way to decrease insect 
damage in gardens is to get rid of all 
waste materials that harbor insect life 
over winter. This clean-up is not 
confined to the garden, but includes 
tall grass, weeds, litter, and brush ad- 
jacent to the cultivated areas and 
along nearby fence rows. 

Sod land, neglected areas over- 
grown with weeds, and gardens where 
the crop refuse was not removed after 
harvest last year provided ideal con- 
ditions for the overwintering of in- 
sects. It is imperative that all this 
trash be collected and destroyed now. 
Sod land and weedy ground should be 
plowed cleanly as soon as the soil is 
fit to work. Sods, clumps of weeds, 
and stubble should be turned under 
completely to prevent development of 
new plant growth on which cutworms, 
grubs, sod webworms, wireworms, or 
other insects can feed. Deep plowing 
and thorough disking is recommended 
for large areas. Small-sized gardens 
require deep spading. Plant material 
dug under must be buried completely. 



now, and in most cases within or near 
orchards that were considerably af- 
fected last year. These cankers 
should be removed from the orchard 
or vicinity before the blossom period 
to lessen the chance of blight occur- 
ring this year. 

The inner bark near the margins 
of holdovers cankers is reddish or 
water-soaked brown, while in all 
other cankers the bark is dark and 
hard. All discolored bark in hold- 
over cankers should be cut out be- 
fore growth starts. No disinfectant 
is needed when cankers are cut out 
during dormancy. 

Hold-over cankers are likely to 
occur only in the trees of pears, 
quinces, and such apple varieties as 
Spitzberg, King, Stark, Wagner, Yel- 
low Transparent, Baldwin, and Tran- 
scendent Crabs. Other varieties such 
as Jonathan, Spy, and Rome, seldom 
if ever form hold-over cankers. 



About 7,880,000 bushels of apples 
from the 1942 crop have been used by 
New York apple products plants in 
the processing season now practically 
ended, according to a Federal State 
report issued from the New York 
State Department of Agriculture and 
Markets. 



TAKE STEPS TO CONTROL 

DISEASE OF FRUIT TREES 

A. H. Bauer 

Apple and pear trees were seriously 
damaged by fire blight in many Penn- 
sylvania orchards last year. 

Blight-causing bacteria are lying 
dormant in hold-over cankers right 



PENN STATE HOLSTEIN 

HERD WINS HIGH PLACE 

The Pennsylvania State College 
herd of 28 Holstein-Friesian dairy 
cows was first in its class in America 
in the production of milk and butter- 
fat for 1942. Milked partly four times 
and partly three times daily, these 
cows produced the high average for 
the year of 15,116 pounds of milk and 
549.6 pounds of butterfat. 

Careful culling of the poorer cows, 
liberal feeding of a balanced ration, 
and good breeding constitute the bas- 
is of the success of these cows, says 
P. D. Jones, who has managed thw 
outstanding herd for 27 years. 

Farmers of Maryland, gambling 
with manpower, machinery shortages 
and weather, are planning to increase 
the number of acres planted for har- 
vest this year about one per cent over 
those of last year, according to the 
Maryland Crop Reporting Service. 



THE FARMER'S SHARE OF 

THE CONSUMER'S DOLLAR 

In any discussion pertaining to the 
cost of living, food plays an im- 
portant part in the mind of the con- 
sumer, says the State Department of 
Agriculture. This is particularly true 
during periods of rising costs such as 
is being experienced as a result of the 
war. The advance in living costs is 
by no means confined to food and it 
must be of interest to realize just 
what part of the family income is 
actually spent for food. It is of 
further vital interest to realize that 
the food cost as a percentage of in- 
come is as low as it has been since 
compilations of these statistics were 
first begun in 1920. 

Let us take a glance at the picture 
shown by statistics compiled by the 
Federal Bureau of Labor. Here it is 
seen that the nonfarm family which 
had an income in 1920 of $1,858 spent 
$688 for all foods and $514 for a se- 
lected list of 58 food items, selected 
because of their general use. In 1942, 
just last year, the income of that 
family showed an advance to $2,322 
and the cost of all food was only $505 
and the retail cost of the selected 58 
items was only $398. In other words 
the cost of all foods as a percentage 
of income in 1920 was 37 per cent 
compared with 22 per cent last year, 
the lowest on record, and the cost of 
the 58 selected items as a percentage 
of income was 28 per cent in 1920 
compared with the all-time low of 17 
per cent last year. It is plainly seen 
that on the basis of this compilation 
the cost of all foods last year was con- 
siderably below one-fourth of the 
family income and the cost of the 
most widely consumed items ac- 
counted for only slightly more than 
one-sixth of the total income. 

When consumers make their food 
purchases and are confronted with 
rising prices it is probably a natural 
consequence that their thoughts go 
back to the farmer since the farmer 
and food production are synonymous. 
Frequently these thoughts turn to 
criticism in some and from some 
quarters we hear loose talk about 
attempts at profiteering. As I have 
said when the consumer may find in- 
creases in many of the food items the 
general impression may be that the 
farmer is receiving a tremendous in- 
come since it is probably not gener- 
ally realized just what is the farmer's 
actual share of the retail value of 
food. Let us see then what the situa- 
tion is on this side of the picture. 

On the basis of the survey covering 
the 58 selected food items at no time 
since 1913 has the farmer's share of 
the retail value of those items been 
above 55 per cent. His share has 
been as low as 42 per cent which was 
the average for the years from 1935 
to 1939. Last December it was 55 per 
cent, but at various times during the 
year it was down to 51 per cent. This 
means that last December when the 
annual family purchases of the 58 se- 
lected items averaged a total of $428 
the farmer received only $234 of that 
amount. 

The spread between what the con- 
sumer pays and what the farmer as 
the producer receives is necessarily 
represented by the costs of processing 
and distribution. Let us take a few 
examples. The average price received 
ast year by the farmer for slightly 
'ess than one and three-quarters 
pounds of live chicken was a total of 
fO and nine-tenth cents. When mak- 
^^g the purchase the consumer re- 
ceived one pound of dressed chicken 
for which an average of 39 and one- 
tenth cents was paid which gave the 
larmer only 53 per cent of the retail 
^alue. In the case of dairy products 



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FoHow These Simple 
Easy Instructions on 








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RErmEKATIHG UNITS, (oen,,./) 

Open switch before beginning any work. 

Motor*. Keep motors clean. Lubricate regularly, following 
these three simple rules: (1) Do not lubricate while motor 
is running; (2) Do not over-lubricate; (3) Remove excess 
or spilled lubricant immediately. Use some type of over- 
load relay device to protect motors from damage by over- 
loads. Keep commutator clean. Do not expose motors 
to weather. 

Condensort. (These parts look like automobile radi- 
ators.) Clean regularly with a vacuum cleaner blower 
attachment, illustrated, or a long brush. 

Comprosaors. A vacuum cleaner blower attachment or a 
long brush should also be used for cleaning compressors. 
Remove all dirt and dust from fan blades as well as from 
compressor body. Do not expose compressors to weather. 
Keep boxes, bags and other obstructions away from 
machine so that it has free circulation of air. 

Volvos ond Switchos. Never try to adjust valves or switch 
settings. Leave this to a refrigeration serviceman. 

Cooling Coils. Do not attempt to remove collections of ice 
from any part of equipment other than by defrosting. 







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condition. When there is any indication of a refrigerant 
leak, call a refrigeration serviceman at once. 

Wirtor. Change water in milk cooler tank when it becomes 
dirty. Take care that milk is never spilled in water or on 
outside of cans. Odor from dirty water contaminates milk. 

Lid Goskoti. Check frequently. Replace, if badly worn. A 
strip of felt is a good substitute for a rubber gasket. 

Paint. Every year, your cabinet should be painted with a 
suitable rust-resistant paint. (Ask your p>aint dealer about 
the right type.) Before painting, the cabinet should be 
thoroughly cleaned of all rust. The exterior should be 
painted occasionally to prevent corrosion. 



Ain/( COOLER. 



fREE 



/ A BOOKFUL OF 
» HELPFUL FACTS! 



Oporotion. Leave milk cooler in service continually. When 
units are shut down during off-season, the cost of servicing 
is often greater than the cost of operation. If, however, it 
is necessary to shut down the machine for several months, 
it is advisable to have a serviceman "pump the system 
down" and close proper valves to avoid possible loss of 
refrigerant and damage to compressor and lines. 

Looks. Watch for refrigerant leaks. Leaks may be indi- 
cated by accumulation of oil on coils or connections; 
noxious odors; bearing squeaks; excessive operation. In 
wet-type milk coolers, escaping refrigerant may make the 
water bath acid. A litmus paper test will reveal this 



"How fo Care for Farm 

Electric Equipment 




ff 



This practical handbook tells you 
how in simple language. Get your 
free copy and hang it above your 
work bench. Mail a penny postcard 
now to Pennsylvania Electric 
Association, Rural Dept. G, 
Harrisburc, Pennsylvania. 



Electric Companies off Pennsylvania 



MEMBERS OF PENNSYLVANIA ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION • HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA 



the farm value last year averaged 51 
per cent of the retail value, the farm 
value of potatoes averaged 53 per 
cent of the retail value, the farm 
value of cabbage averaged 19 per cent 
of the retail value which was five per 
cent below the figure for 1941. The 
average farm value of the quantity 
of tomatoes which when canned re- 
tailed as a number 2 can of tomatoes 
was 17 per cent of the retail value, 
which was also one per cent below 
the figure of 1941. Only these few 
examples will give some idea of the 
share of the consumer's dollar which 
goes back to the actual producer of 
food, the farmer, and also the wide 



range in the percentages which he re- 
ceives. And out of that share must 
come the entire cost of production of 
the food in its original state. Here 
is the cost of the preparation of the 
soil for planting, the cost of seed and 
fertilizer, the cost of planting, the 
cost of cultivation, the cost of har- 
vesting, the cost of taking the prod- 
ucts to market. In the case of dairy- 
ing, poultry and ess production and 
raising of cattle for the meat market, 
many costs must be added ; caring for 
the cattle and poultry, costs of actual 
production, care of the products be- 
fore they reach the market. Costs of 
the maintenance and operation of the 



vast amount of machinery and 
equipment necessary for farm opera- 
tions are a most important item, and 
after all these costs, there still re- 
mains the matter of a return upon the 
investment and a return for the labor 
of the farmer and the members of 
his family. To these items can only 
be credited what is left and in far too 
many cases little is left. 



A new kind of window screen, 
chemically made and containing no 
metal, will be available after the war, 
says the DuPont Company. It is 
made of nylon, now used exclusively 
for military purposes. 






Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1943 



Pennsylvania Farm Notes 



FERTILIZE SMALL FRUITS 

TO INCREASE PRODUCTION 

J. U. RUEF 

For grapes we recommend the use 
of 250 to 400 pounds of nitrate of 
soda or its equivalent in early spriilg, 
and 200 to 300 pounds of superphos- 
phate or 0-14-7 when the cover crop 
is sown about the end of June. These 
are acre applications. 

On the new strawberry patch, drill 
in 300 to 500 pounds per acre of 
superphosphate or 0-14-7 prior to 
planting. After the plants are well 
started about June 1, side dress with 
100 to 150 pounds of nitrate of soda, 
repeating this operation about August 
1 if necessary. Exercise caution to 
prevent burning the foliage with 
nitrogen fertilizer. Use 400 to 600 
pounds of 4-16-4 fertilizer or its 
equivalent per acre immediately after 
fruit harvesting on plantings which 
are held for fruiting a second year. 

Raspberries, blackberries, currants 
and gooseberries are to be fertilized 
with 150 pounds an acre of nitrate of 
soda or its equivalent as a side dress- 
ing during each of the first two years, 
and 200 to 300 pounds of superphos- 
phate or 0-14-7 at the time of seed- 
ing the cover crops. In the case of 
mature plants, a spring application 
of 200 to 300 pounds of a nitrogen 
fertilizer is advisable in addition to 
the above fertilizers at time of sow- 
ing the cover crop. 

GOOD LAMB CROP WILL 

ADD TO MEAT SUPPLY 

W. B. Con NELL 

Every lamb born and saved this 
spring will help to improve the con- 
dition of America's badly depleted 
meat supply. Ninety per cent of the 
lamb crop in Pennsylvania will arrive 
in the next two months. This is the 
beginning of the shepherd's harvest. 
The income from his year's work with 
his flock is determined to no small 
extent by the number of lambs he 
raises for market the coming summer. 

The fanner who used a good ram, 
culled his ewe flock last fall before 
breeding time, fed liberally during 
the winter, and gave the ewes an op- 
portunity for plenty of exercise will 
have little trouble at lambing time. 

Losses in the lamb crop are most 
likely to occur in the first week after 
the lambs are born. Extra attention 
is demanded of the shepherd at this 
time. The ewe and her new-born 
lambs should be separated from the 
rest of the flock for two or three days 
until the lambs are strong enough to 
care for themselves. A 4- by 4-foot 
lambing pen can be made with two 
hurdles hinged at one end and set in 
the corner of the larger pen. 

It is always wise to determine 
whether the ewe has plenty of milk. 
It may be necessary in a few cases to 
feed the lamb cow's milk for a few 
days" until the ewe develops sufficient 
milk to take care of her lambs. Every 
effort should be made to have con- 
ditions right so that the lamb will not 
get chilled when it is born. However, 
if the lamb gets chilled, wrapping in 
a warm blanket and giving some 
warm cow's milk usually will cor- 
rect the condition. 



For growing in home gardens and 
storage in freezer-lockers, the experi- 
ments conducted by G. J. Stout, as- 
sistant professor of vegetable gar- 
dening, indicate that the better varie- 
ties of snap beans include: String- 
less Black Valentine, Tenderpod, Ten- 
dergreen. Pencil Pod, Brittle Wax, 
and Giant Stringless. Giant Podded 
pole lima beans proved the best pole 
variety tested for storage by freezing, 
while Fordhook bush limas were out- 
standing in quality. 

Likewise, Lincoln 21, Carmelcross 
11, Earligold, and Patrick Henry 
sweet corn came through freezer stor- 
age in excellent condition. 

Peas which will keep best -frozen 
are those which are tender, sweet, 
and juicy when stored, regardless of 
variety, these tests show. 

Mild to semi-hour fruits, such as 
purple, red and black raspberries, 
peaches, sour cherries, gooseberries, 
currants, blueberries and rhubarb, 
stored well by freezing, but in most 
cases good quality was dependent on 
the addition of some sugar or syrup 
at time of packing. The best way 
found of storing strawberries was to 
split the berries, pack in dry sugar, 
and freeze immediately. 



SUBSIDIES 

So - called "farm" subsidies 
are not farm subsidies at all. 
They are consumer subsidies, 
and all they do is conceal an in- 
creasing tax load by seeming to 
keep retail prices from reach- 
ing their natural levels. Every 
time a farmer accepts a sub- 
sidy, he makes himself more and 
more dependent on a central- 
ized government. Every time 
he makes himself more de- 
pendent upon government, he 
makes himself more subservient 
to government, as represented 
by a host of high-salaried bu- 
reaucrats more intent upon cor- 
ralling enough votes to keep 
themselves in office than upon 
the welfare of the farmers or 
the public. 

There is no virtue but much 
public peril in the concealment 
of price increases through gov- 
ernment payments which have 
been wrested in the form of 
taxes from the supposed bene- 
ficiaries. Better higher prices 
that all can understand than 
subsidies which are a mere 
mask for inflation. — The Right 
of Way. 



It is merely taken for granted and 
looked upon as a natural consequence 
that the farmer shall provide the food 
to strengthen the foundation for the 
development of the more abundant 
life for others but that he is not en- 
titled to any consideration for him- 
self in the matter of hours and finan- 
cial return in performing the job. 

No industry can thrive nor progress 
if it is not self sustaining. Agricul- 
ture is an industry and is equally sub- 
ject to the economic laws which gov- 
ern any other operation. A successful 
agriculture can be assured only 
through opportunities affording a 
chance of commensurate return for 
investment, management and labor 
and upon the success of agriculture 
depends the progress of the country. 

A Realistic View 

An actual and realistic view of the 
economic situation of agriculture 
must be taken if there is to be com- 
plete appreciation of the conditions 
under which we receive our food sup- 
plies. The total investment in Penn- 
sylvania farms, farm stock, equipment 
and feed in 1942 is placed at one bil- 
lion, three hundred million dollars. Of 
that vast sum, 900 million dollars 
represents the farmers equity. In 
1942 the average net income per farm 
family is place at $1,310, which was 
derived from the equity held in the 
farm and the labors of the operator 
and the members of his family. In 
a breakdown of that income we arrive 
at these divisions: the rental value 
of the farm is placed at $20 per month 
or a total of $240 a year. The farm 
family consumed products of the 
farm having a value of $290 which 
leaves a cash return of $780. 

To procure that income, the oper- 
ator and the members of his family 
worked an average of 15 hours per 
day, and this is a conservative figure. 
Farming is a seven day a week or a 
365 day a year operation so that the 
average number of man hours for the 
year was 5,475. With a cash return 
of $780 the average return per man 
hours worked on the farm by the op- 
erator and the members of his family 
is 19 and one-half cents. In these 
figures no allowance is made for a 
return on his equity which averages 
$5,625 for all the farms in this State, 
unless the $240 rent figure is con- 
verted to represent such return in 
which event he would receive less 
than four and one-half per cent on 
his investment. 

Can this condition assure a stabil- 
ized and economically sound agricul- 
ture? When the necessary consid- 
eration is given to the great risks 
involving uncertainties of nature and 
death of livestock, can there be as- 
surance of necessary food production ? 



In spite of the seriousness of the 
economic situation of agriculture, I 
submit that it is not the subject of 
paramount importance at the present 
time, but that it must be the keystone 
of any efforts to be made for the 
stabilization and the creation of a 
sound economy for agriculture in the 
future. I asked whether under the 
existing lop-sided economy assurances 
can be had for necessary food produc- 
tion and my answer is yes. The eco- 
nomic picture will not prevent it. 
The farmer today is thinking about 
one thing — the necessity of unprec- 
edented food production as a num- 
ber one war need. He is willing and 
devoted to the accomplishment of that 
stupendous task at all hazards, but 
he is confronted with that all-con- 
trolling factor over which he has no 
control — man power. 

Public Responsibility 

And here is where the public fits 
into the agricultural picture. It is 
senseless to expect the farmer to plan 
an expanded production without some 
assurance that the crops will be har- 
vested. Inability to harvest the crops 
will bring financial loss to the farmer 
which will of necessity make him sub- 
servient to the government and at the 
same time will bring disaster to the 
war effort through food shortages. In 
every community throughout this 
State and throughout the country, 
plans must be organized through 
which every person will accept fully 
the responsibility of doing a share 
in the production of food on the 
farms. 

This will be doing the job in accord- 
ance with the democratic way. It 
will stand out glaringly as an answer 
to the innuendoes from some sources 
that the way of free enterprise must 
be discarded and substituted by a sys- 
tem which develops only a lust for 
power. There must be no breakdown 
in the food production. The public 
at large has it within its power to 
prevent a breakdown. It is impera- 
tive that everyone be brought to a 
realization of the seriousness of the 
situation and with that realization 
must come the will and determina- 
tion to overcome it. A sufficient food 
supply made possible through the 
joint efforts of the non-farm resident 
and the farmer will prove that the 
system of free enterprise under the 
principles of democracy is supreme 
and unbeatable. It will cause a defi- 
nite setback to those who harbor the 
thought that a system of dictation 
shall under the emergency which 
peace may bring replace the American 
way. 



SOME VARIETIES BETTER 

FOR FREEZER STORAGE 

Teats conducted at the Pennsylva- 
nia State College show that some va- 
rieties of fruits and vegetables come 
out of frozen storage in better con- 
dition than others. 



UNPRECEDENTED 

FOOD PRODUCTION 

NATIONS PROBLEM 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

quired to work 12 to 14 hours and 
more on each of the 365 days a year, 
producing the food which is necessary 
for the attainment of those social 
gains. There seems to be a generally 
held notion that agriculture must be 
operated on a basis of drudgery and 
that the operators are a class apart 
from those in other vocations — that 
agriculturists constitute a class which 
by tradition or some other imaginary 
factor, desire only that they be bur- 
dened with endless labors. The con- 
cept is all too wide-spread that hours 
of employment are not a factor for 
consideration in agriculture, while 
they are one of the controlling ele- 
ments in the effort to advance the 
social status in all other endeavors. 



Government Subsidies 

What approach must be made to 
procure a more equitable standing for 
agriculture? Unfortunately, most of 
the attempts are devoted to alleviat- 
ing the existing condition and not to 
the cause of the condition. One ob- 
servation can be made with certainty 
and that is that the solution does not 
center in government subsidies. This 
procedure prevents agriculture from 
attaining to a self sustaining basic to 
which, like all other enterprises, it is 
entitled and is actually a subsidy to 
the consumer, placing government in 
the position of giving food, the most 
vital of all necessities, at a price be- 
low the cost of production. This is 
not alone economically unsound, but 
where is there any reason for the con- 
sumer to be told that it is unfair to 
be required to pay a justified price 
for food which he is required to do 
for all other products. 



TEST 31,208 CATTLE 

FOR BANG'S DISEASE 

A total of 31,208 cattle in 1,884 
herds in this State were tested for 
Bang's disease during the month of 
November under direction of the 
Bureau of Animal Industry of the 
Department of Agriculture. Of that 
number 1,173 cattle in 447 herds were 
found to be infected, which is a cattle 
infection of 3.7 percent and a herd 
infection of 23.7 percent. In addition 
to the tests made on cattle similar 
tests were made on 39 horses and 85 
goats, all of which were found to be 
negative. 

At the present time a total of 
646,165 cattle in 74,117 herds are 
under disease testing supervision of 
the Bureau of Animal Industry. 
There are also 1,455 goats in 18" 
herds under similar supervision. 

During the past month the State 
paid $32,076 and the Federal govern- 
ment paid $18,340 in indemnities for 
Bang's disease condemned cattle. 



April, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



VEHICLES "FROZEN" 

Every vehicle carrying nine or more 
persons in local passenger transporta- 
tion in the United States, its terri- 
tories and possessions was frozen in 
present service March 17 by order of 
Joseph B. Eastman, Director of the 
Office of Defense Transportation. 
The order applies to all buses, street 
cars, trolley coaches, trucks converted 
for passenger use, ferryboats and 
other vessels except combat equip- 
ment of the armed forces. 

An immediate eifect of the order, 
ODT officials said, will be to stop a 
developing "black market" in school 
buses which was threatening to de- 
prive children of transportation be- 
tween their homes and schools. 

There are approximately 93,000 
school buses in the United States. 
Reports received from 15 states indi- 
cate losses already of from 200 to 500 
buses a state. School authorities, pe- 
titioning for a freeze of such equip- 
ment, had informed the ODT that a 
mass exodus of school buses was in 
prospect for the end of the present 
school year, when about 30,000 school 
bus contracts will expire. 

Typical examples n'ported to the 
ODT included: One contractor who 
was providing school service at 
$1,800 a year was offered $1,800 a 
month for the use of his vehicle else- 
where. 

One bus driver, after taking chil- 
dren to school in the morning, sold 
his vehicle during lunch hour, leav- 
ing the children without transporta- 
tion back home. 

The freeze order does not prohibit 
the sale of equipment as long as it is 
continued, not only in the same serv- 
ice, but in the same job it was per- 
forming at the time of the freeze. 
The order permits an operator to take 
on additional service as long as he 
does not discontinue the service in 
which the equipment is frozen. 

RECLAMATION PROJECTS 

Four Bureau of Keclamation proj- 
ects in the West have been given high 
priority ratings for critical materials 
to expedite power, rubber, and food 
output. Secretary of the Interior 
Harold L. Ickes announced on March 
6. 

Reporting action by the War Pro- 
duction Board in granting the prior- 
it i e s, Keclamation Commissioner 
John C. Page said the projects were 
under construction in four states. 
One rating is for a transmission line 
to deliver power from a hydroelectric 
plant at Shasta Dam Hearing comple- 
tion on the Central Valley project in 
California. The CJila project in 
Arizona is given a rating for limited 
irrigation facilities to be available 
for the production for guayule rubber 
or food supplies. The other two re- 
late to irrigation facilities for food 
production on the Buffalo Rapids 
(^loutana) and the Buford-Trenton 
(Xorth Dakota) projects. 

The Gila project near Yuma, Ari- 
zona, is to irrigate 5,500 acres for 
the planting of guayule rubber if re- 
quired by the Forest Service under 
the emergency rubber program. 
Otherwise, as soon as water is avail- 
able it will be planted to alfalfa. The 
principal products of the lands under 
the Montana and North Dakota proj- 
ects will be alfalfa, sugar beets, and 
feed grains. 



FOOD IN EUROPE 

Total food supplies in Continental 
l^urope, exclusive of Russia, are this 
year estimated to be from two to three 
per cent below those of 1941-42 and 
about 15 per cent below the pre-war 



Farmers want the Facts 







F 



ACTS are as essential in producing the food to win the war as feed or 
seed or fertilizer. Farmers must know what is going on, w hat may be 
expected and what to do. No farmer has the time or the facilities for 
collecting these facts for himself. 



That's why farmers have built 
into their cooperative a service to 
supply them with the information 
they need. This is one of the big 
wartime jobs of G.L.F. 

G.L.F. employees are in constant 
contact with the government at 
Washington, with sources of supply 
throughout the country, with public 
research institutions. This infor- 
mation is passed on to farmers daily 
by means of the radio, the pages 
of farm publications, bulletins and 
letters. 



G.L.F. Service Agencies are also 
a valuable source of information to 
farmers in Northern Pennsylvania. 
Your G.L.F. hired men are kept 
in constant touch with the latest 
farm information so they can help 
you do a better job — help you have 
essential supplies on hand when you 
need them. 

In war as in peace, 140,000 farm 
families look to G. L. F. for the 
facts, as well as the farm supplies 
that will help them in the 1943 
battle for food production. 




COOPERATIVE G. L F. EXCHANGE, INC. 



ITHACA, N. Y. 



if 



, II 



average, according to the semi- 
annual survey of the Office of For- 
eign Agriculture Relations of the 
Department of Agriculture. 

The food supply in Continental 
Europe varies greatly from country 
to country and even between urban 
and rural areas within the same 
country. Most of the farm population 
is still living at pre-war levels while 
food consumption by many other 
consumer groups has been drastically 
curtailed. The general reduction in 
food supplies is having less effect on 
conditions in Germany and Italy than 
in the occupied countries. 

Greater reliance than before the 



war is now being placed on foodstuffs 
of plant origin, especially on grains 
and potatoes. Such diversions from 
feed to food uses, however, have re- 
sulted in a further decline in the 
production of meat, milk, and eggs, 
the output of which had already been 
affected unfavorably by the elimina- 
tion of imported feedstuff s. 

Of significance are the indications 
that the 11)42-43 supply of vegetable 
oils is below that of 1941-42. The re- 
duction is attributed mainly to the 
low olive oil output in Greece, to a 
poor rapeseed crop because of winter 
kill, and to the impossibility of ob- 
taining oil supplies from Africa. The 



shortage is probably being felt mainly 
France, which has depended 



in 



largely on oil imports from West 
Africa. Reserve stocks of oil seeds 
by this time have been practically ex-, 
hausted in all European countries. 



; fl 



A MILLION FEET 

A million board feet of timber may 
be cut from the growing stock of the 
experimental forests of the Pennsyl- 
vania State College, according to V. 
A. Beede, head of the forestry depart- 
ment. The experimental forest areas 
comprise about 6,800 acres all located 
within 15 miles of the college. 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1943 



National Grange Jottings 



Bond A recent meeting of Ham- ' 
Buyers burg Grange in Erie County, 
N. Y., was given over to 
boosting the sale of government bonds 
and stamps. So much enthusiasm 
was aroused that the evening sales of 
war bonds totaled over $2,000, while 
nearly $100 worth of stamps was pur- 
chased. The crowning feature of the 
evening came when State Treasurer 
Kleis announced that he had just 
purchased a $10,000 war bond in the 
name of the New York State Grange. 

Open for When the OPA gave 
Inspertion Grange members permis- 
sion to use gasoline to at- 
tend Grange meetings it was under- 
stood this was due to the part Grange 
meetings are playing in stimulating 
food production and other war goals. 
In return the offer has been made that 
the record books of all Grange meet- 
ings will be open for inspection if de- 
sired to prove that such meetings are 
devoted to the objectives named. 
Practically every Grange meeting de- 
votes time to discussion of war-win- 
ning plans. 

Old Vermont claims the distinc- 
Timers tion of having two of the old- 
est Grange members in the 
United States and both are still very 
active. One is Leroy A. Flint, age 90, 
and a Grange member since March 
18, 1874. The other is William E. 
York, in his 89th year, and for nearly 
a half century a member of the 
Grange. Both veterans continue to 
do active work and Mr. York has 
been running a portable wood sawing 
outfit all this winter. 

Insurance Two insurance companies 
Service which the National Grange 
sponsors are the National 
Grange Mutual Liability Company 
and the National Grange Fire Insur- 
ance Company, of Keene, N. H., and 
both have been the means of saving 
thousands of dollars in insurance 
premiums for Grange members. The 
liability company closed its year with 
admitted assets of $3,476,325, which 
included a policy-holders' surplus of 
$750,000, with ample reserves for 
losses, adjustment expenses and other 
contingencies. The fire company 
closed its year with admitted assets 
of $570,895, ample reserves for all 
losses and contingencies, and a policy- 
holders' surplus of $322,727. 



Rubber The Grange in Idaho is back- 
Plant ing appropriations to the 
State University for reopen- 
ing the alcohol plant at Idaho Falls 
for the purpose of developing the 
manufacture of rubber from the vast 
forest and agricultural products of 
the state. 

"Minute People in Maine are proud 
Man" of the fact that the House 
Flag of Representatives of the 

state was the first in the 
nation to win a United States Treas- 
ury "Minute Man" flag, through 
almost 100% participation in the pur- 
chase by its members of War Bonds. 
The flag was presented at a session of 
the legislative body by Mrs. Sumner 
Sewall, wife of the Governor, and was 
accepted by F. Ardine Richardson, 
speaker of the House. Speaker Rich- 
ardson is Master of the Maine State 
Grange and Chaplain of the National 
Grange. 

Speaker Richardson made this as- 
sertion, which is in line with Grange 
principles: "We are pledged to up- 
hold the high ideals of justice, free- 
dom and democracy, which, under a 



government of law and order, rep- 
resent now, as they will for all time, 
the guideposts that must take this 
nation everywhere. We are going to 
meet fully our obligations under the 
directions of that covenant, not for 
ourselves alone, but for those around 
us and for posterity. By our invest- 
ment in War Bonds and Stamps we 
are proving our confidence in America 
and our faith in its triumph in a just 



cause. 



» 



Loss by A serious handicap to Mich- 
Fire igan Grange work was the 
recent destruction by fire of 
the home of the State Grange secre- 
tary, which included in the loss many 
of the records of the organization. 

Poetry A Connecticut Pomona 
Grange conducted a "poetry, contest" 
that brought forth several quite com- 
mendable productions. 

Ohio So far this year Ohio is lead- 
Ahead ing all the states in Grange 
organization accomplish- 
ments. 

Wisconsin Death has taken another 
Leader prominent leader in 

Dies Grange circles, Herman 

Ihde, of Wisconsin, who 
served that state many years as Lec- 
turer and later as Master of the State 
Grange, and who was quite recently 
named director of the Wisconsin 
State Board of Agriculture. For a 
quarter of a century Mr. Ihde had 
been prominent in Wisconsin agri- 
cultural affairs. His sound judgment 
and interest in the welfare of farm- 
ers made him a leader of exceptional 
value. 



of the fiscal year, beginning July 1, 
amounted to $47,000,000,000 in round 
figures, compared with $16,800,000,- 
000 for the same period in the last 
fiscal year. 

Busy According to a survey made 

People's by the National Industrial 
Time Conference Board, average 

business and industrial es- 
tablishments spent about 1,000 man- 
days in 1942 answering question- 
naires and filing reports required by 
various agencies of the federal gov- 
ernment. One large public utility 
spent more than $50,000 in compil- 
ing information requested in the 
motor truck questionnaire, put out 
by the Office of Defense Transporta- 
tion. 



To Investigate Congressman Howard 
Smith, of Virginia, has 
been appointed as chairman of a com- 
mittee of seven members of the House 
of Representatives to conduct investi- 
gation of all government regulations, 
executive orders, rules and decrees. 

Mr. Smith declares that he does 
not intend to allow the committee's 
work to interfere in any way with the 
prosecution of the war; he further 
says that he would not feel justified 
in investigating any executive order 
issued by the President. 

The feeling in Congress and 
throughout the country is that the 
mere existence of such a committee 
puts executive agencies on notice that 
they will be watched for any act that 
might reach beyond the scope of the 
laws enacted on Capitol Hill. 

This is only one of about a dozen 
committees that are busy in both 
branches of Congress checking up on 
the executive agencies of the govern- 
ment. One of the most active has 
been the Senate committee headed by 
Senator Harry S. Truman of Mis- 
souri, the function of which is to 
investigate the national defense pro- 
gram. 

The Democratic members of the 
Smith committee, in addition to the 
chairman, are as follows: Jerry 
Voorhis, California; John J. De- 
laney. New York, and Hugh Peter- 
son, Georgia. The Republican mem- 
bers of the committee are: Fred A. 
Hartley, New Jersey; John Jen- 
nings, Jr., Tennessee, and John B. 
Bennett, Michigan. 

Our The national debt on March 

Growing 3 was $118,311,000,000, as 
Debt compared with $68,070,- 

000,000 on the correspond- 
ing date a year ago. Federal expen- 
ditures during the first eight months 



"To Grange Members: 

"The General Salvage Branch 
of WPB has set a goal of three 
million tons of iron and steel 
scrap to be collected from the 
farms and rural areas of the 
country in the first six months 
of 1943, in order to assure ample 
scrap for the production of steel. 
Immediately after Pearl Har- 
bor, Granges set to work to col- 
lect scrap and within thirty 
days had collected thousands of 
tons. In each succeeding drive 
they have surpassed their prev- 
ious efforts and while it is neces- 
sary for them to go farther and 
farther afield with our wide- 
spread organization, I believe 
we can do it again. 

Grange Masters are urged to 
get their committees to work 
again mapping out any areas 
wliich may not have been cov- 
ered before and checking over 
areas already worked to see that 
no available scrap is overlooked. 
Juvenile granges have also per- 
former an outstanding service 
in scrap collection. They have 
located thousands of tons of 
scrap which would have been 
overlooked except for their 
sharp eyes. Here is another 
chance for them to do their part 
to help win the war." 

A. S. Goss, Master, 
The National Orange. 



(2) Maximum rates of speed for 
motor vehicles. 

(3) Sizes and weights of motor 
vehicles which may be permitted to 
use state highways. 

(4) Suspension of statutes or regu- 
lations requiring licenses or fees for 
the entry and operation of a motor 
vehicle license in another state. 

(5) Conservation of vital equip- 
ment, materials and supplies, espe- 
cially rubber. 

May Take A movement is on foot to 
the Wool have the Department of 
Agriculture take over the 
nation's entire 1943 wool clip. At a 
recent meeting held in Washington 
the wool growers went on record as 
favoring such a plan. They want to 
be assured, however, that the govern- 
ment will not dump its holdings upon 
the market to depress prices, as was 
done at the close of World War I. 



Big On^ of the biggest farmers 

Farmer in Congress is James W. 
Wadsworth, Jr., who repre- 
sents the 39th District of New York 
in the House. Mr. Wadsworth is the 
owner of 25 farms, totaling 13,000 
acres, in the fertile Genesee Valley. 
Each farm is a separate unit and Mr. 
Wadsworth himself operates thirteen 
of these farms, comprising 8,000 
acres. He feeds and fattens steers 
and has large flocks of sheep. In ad' 
dition to this he is also engaged in 
dairying on an extensive scale. 

State In a nation-wide drive 
Barriers against state barriers which 
impede war traffic the Office 
of Defense Transportation has pro- 
posed to the 44 state legislatures in 
session this year an emergency trans- 
portation act. The Council of State 
Governments, which aided the ODT 
and the Department of Justice in 
drawing up a model bill, submitted 
the proposal to the legislatures in its 
report on "Suggested state war legis- 
lation for 1943." Specifically the 
bill would confer on the governor the 
authority to take emergency action 
in regard to the following: 

(1) Staggered hours of work to fa- 
cilitate transportation to and from 
places of employment. 



April, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



SCHOOL BUSES 

Failure of school authorities 
promptly to return applications for 
revised Certificates of War Necessity 
probably would result in insufficient 
gasoline allowances for the affected 
school bus operations in the second 
quarter of 1943, the Office of Defense 
Transportation warned recently. The 
applications are to be sent to the 
nearest regional office of ODT's Divi- 
sion of Local Transport. 

School buses represent more than 
50 per cent of the nation's passenger 
buses. It is of importance that they 
be conserved and used since new 
buses can be procured only in the 
most urgent cases, the ODT points 
out. 

EGG PRODUCTION 

An increase of at least 10 per cent 
in the average egg production of hens 
in the United States is in prospect, 
the Department of Agriculture says. 
Achieving this gain calls for the 
use of high-quality male birds for 
heading all hatchery supply flocks, 
estimated to number fully 500,000. 

Dr. Theodore C. Byerly, in charge 
of the Department of Agriculture's 
poultry investigations, states that 
high egg production begets high egg 
production. He cites an average 
yield of ITI eggs, last year, for 60,000 
birds entered as candidates for IT. S. 
Record of Performance. That yield 
is double the average for all hens in 
the United States a decade ago. 

Dairy farmers in Maryland, Penn- 
sylvania, and West Virginia supply* 
ing milk to the Cumberland, Md.. 
market rejected a proposed Federal 
marketing program to regulate the 
handling of milk in this area by a 
vote of 70 to 42. Three-fourths of 
the eligible producers voting in such 
a referendum must approve a market- 
ing program before it can be put into 
effect. 



STORAGE BATTERIES 

New or rebuilt electric storage bat- 
teries of the type generally known as 
automotive replacement batteries may 
be bought by farmers for operating 
shocking devices for wire fencing and 
for use with other farm equipment. | 

Limitation Order L-180 as amended 
by the Director General for Opera- 
tions permits the purchase of electric 
storage batteries for farm uses for- 
merly filled in whole or part by dry 
cell batteries which are no longer 
available. Approximately 765,000 
storage batteries are needed imme- 
diately by farmers, according to the 
Production Equipment Division of 
the Department of Agriculture. 




THE LECTURER'S CORNER 

O. WALKER SHANNON, State lecturer 



Springtime is clean-up time in the 
home and on the farm. The idea of 
cleaning up is an intriguing one and 
has several implication for Grange 
lecturers. More than one-fourth of 
your year's work is behind you. By 
now you are well established in your 
work. You know what type of pro- 
grams appeal to your members and 
what their abilities and interests are. 
You are now in a position to elim- 
inate projects and ideas which are not 
suited to your membership. The hazi- 
ness of partially formed opinions and 
intentions have now given way to 
clear and well defined purposes for 
your Grange work. Now is the time 
to do away with all useless effort so 
that every minute of your lecture 
hour counts toward building a better 
rural America. 

Another aspect of this clean-up pro- 
gram has to do with the members' 
thinking. The purpose of the Grange 
lecture hour is largely educational. 
During these times there is a great 
deal of loose talk and loose thinking. 
It is one of our tasks to counteract 
this sort of thing with lecture hour 
programs that present a true picture 
of conditions which prevail today. 
Thus you challenge your members to 
do some solid thinking and clear from 
their minds half formed opinions on 
problems affecting their living. This 
probably is your greatest challenge. 
We face today many things which 
seemed destined to affect our living 
for generations to come. How we may 
best preserve our existence as a dem- 
ocratic nation calls for clear think- 
ing. We must rid our minds of un- 
important and useless thinking and 
plan wisely and carefully for the 
future. Make your programs worthy 
of your members' best and the re- 
sponse will well repay your effort. 

The other more common aspects of 
clean-up time can include cleaning 
around and in the Grange hall. 
Planting some shrubbery would be a 
part of this program. Painting the 
exterior and interior of your hall will 
be a help. It might be possible to 
sponsor a community clean-up day. 
After the Grange premises have been 
cleaned it is well to see that doors 
and windows are properly screened. 

LECTURERS' SCHOOL 

We are planning to hold the annual 
Lecturers' School at State College in 
June. Present plans call for the 
school to include Masters, Deputies, 
and other Grange leaders also. This 
will definitely be a school where we 
will all learn more about our part in 
the war effort. Now is the time to 
plan your work so you can be away 
for the three days of the school. It is 
of the utmost importance that every 
Lecturer attend, as changing times 
and conditions have greatly changed 
the work of all rural program build- 
ers. 

LOAN LIBRARY 

Requests for material from the 
loan library have exceeded all expec- 
tations. We have been literally 
swamped and haven't been able to 
answer requests as rapidly as we 
Wanted to. We are glad though to 
receive so many calls and will send 
the books out as rapidly as we can. 
In this connection, it is important 
that borrowed material be returned 
promptly so it can be sent to some one 
else. W^e list below some now books 
which have been added since the orig- 



inal list was sent out. More will be 
added from time to time. If anyone 
has material which is no longer of 
any use to them, we would appreciate 
having it for the library. Thus what 
is no longer of use to you may be of 
help to some other Lecturers. 

107. Toasts and After Dinner 
Speeches. 

108. 2,222 Questions and Answers. 

109. Group of Loose Leaf Plays. 

110. The Live Wire Parody Book. 

111. Following The Stars and 
Stripes (Pageant). 

112. Parties for All Occasions. 

113. I Am An American (Hand- 
book on Citizenship). 

114. Enriching Life with Books. 

115. United Nations (Discussion 
outline). 

116. Packet of Temperance Ma- 
terial. 

117. Americans All — Pageant of 
various Nationality groups. 

118. Faith of Our Fathers (Pag- 
eant of the Pilgrims). 

119. The Christmas Book (from 
National Recreation Association). 

120. A Festival of Freedom (Na- 
tion's Patriotic Songs in tableau, 
song and story). 

121. Abraham Lincoln (Program 
material). 

122. Parent Days (Material for 
Parent Days — Mother's Day given 
prominence). 

123. Harvest Festival. 

124. How to Celebrate W^ashing- 
ton's Birthday. 

125. Live Wire Programs. 

Please add this list to the list in 
Bulletin 2. 



THE SIGNIFICANCE AND 

ORIGIN OF MEMORIAL DAY 

When Civil War ended the widows, 
mothers and children of the Con- 
federate dead went out and strewed 
the graves with flowers, scattering 
impartially also over unknown and 
unmarked resting places of the Union 
soldiers. 

As news of this touching tribute 
flashed over the North, it aroused, as 
nothing else could have done, na- 
tional friendship and love, and calmed 
sectional hatred. Thus out of sor- 
rows, common alike to North and 
South, came this beautiful custom. 

The incident, however, produced no 
j)ractical results until in May, 1868, 
it was suggested to National Com- 
mander John A. Logan, of the 
Grand army of the Republic, that 
their organization should inaugurate 
the customs of spreading flowers on 
the graves of the Union soldiers at 
some uniform time. 

General Logan immediately issued 
an order naming May 30 for the pur- 
pose of strewing flowers and other- 
wise decorating the graves of the 
comrades who died in defense of their 
country during the late rebellion and 
whose bodies now lie in every city 
and village churchyard in the land. 
It was the purpose of the Commander- 
in-Chief to inaugurate this observ- 
ance with the hope that it would be 
kept up from year to year. 

The idea spread rapidly. Legis- 
lature after legislature enacted a law, 
until the holiday has become a legal 
one in all states except a very few. 
This festival is generally celebrated 
May 30. 

Decoration Day, the earlier name 
for the holiday, was soon felt to be 
too slight to express the profound 



ideas and emotions to which the occa- 
sion is dedicated, so the name was 
changed to Memorial Day. 

In the tribute to Memorial Day, 
President McKinley said: "The debt 
of gratitude which we owe to the Na- 
tion's defenders can never be repaid, 
either by this or future generations; 
yet this acknowledgement of the obli- 
gation each year in the various forms 
and in the multitude of places 
throughout this broad land purifies 
our ideas and brings us all together 
in sympathy of sentiment and unity 
of purpose. Generations come and go 
and the issues for which they fought 
and died soon pass into history, but 
the living principle of undertaking 
worthily accomplished for an unself- 
ish purpose abide forever and guide 
us to a nobler destiny and still 
greater achievements as a nation. 
The only debt that the nation can 
never repay is the one to her soldiers. 

This festival is not merely a holi- 
day; but rather a Holy Day. It is 
our All-Saints Day, sacred to the 
memory of the glorified dead who con- 
secrated themselves to their country. 
It is well in the hurry and press of 
our times, when the higher soul 
within us is choked and stifled by the 
more sordid cares of the hour, by the 
selfish struggle, for place and pelf, we 
should pause for a period to dwell 
upon the memory of the illustrious 
dead who gave their lives for their 
country and typify that higher and 
truer Americanism always ready to 
spring to the surface wherever the 
needs of the country issue a new call 
to arms. Vermont Handbook. 



THE PROGRAM 

PLANNING CONTEST 

The following Lecturers have been 
declared winners in the program 
planning contest and have already 
received their awards. The next con- 
test closes April 30. Send your four 
programs in before that time. The 
awards are material which you can 
use in developing your programs. Do 
not neglect this opportunity to win a 
worth-while prize. 

Jennie I. Bartholomew, 
Xorthampton County. 

Mrs. JiLiA Mansbacii. 

Ruth A. Dietz, 
Schuylkill County. 



MY MOTHER 

Who fed me from her gentle breast 
And hushed me in her arms to rest, 
And on my cheek sweet kisses 
pressed ? 
My mother. 

WTien sleep forsook my open eye. 
WTio was it sung sweet lullaby 
And rocked me that I should not cry ? 
My mother. 

Who sat and watched my infant head 
When sleeping in my cradle bed. 
And tears of sweet affection shed? 
My mother. 

Who ran to help me when I fell 
And would some pretty story tell. 
Or kiss the place to make it well? 
My mother. 

Who taught my infant lips to pray, 
To love God's holy Word and day. 
And walk in wisdom's pleasant way? 
My mother. 



MOTHER'S DAY PROGRAM 



» 



Song— "I W^ant a Girl 

Roll Call— The best thing my 
mother taught me. 

Reading — A Mother's Garden. 

Talk — ''Child" training by teacher. 

Special Music. 

Play — Sunshine Lady (Dennison). 

Discussion — Mothers Part in the 
War Effort. 

1. Preparing balanced meals. 

2. Budgeting the household 

money. 

3. W^artime clothing. 

4. Wartime recreation for the 

family. 
Song — "^Mother Machree." 



MEMORIAL DAY PROGRAM 

Call to Worship — Pianist. 

Prayer — Chaplain. 

(iroup Singing — Medley of Amer- 
ican W^ar Songs. 

Discussion — Background for Peace 
{Timr Magazine, March 22, 1943). 

Memorial Service for departed 
members. 



Contrary to the general impression, 
there is no specific fish known as the 
sardine. The term is used for small 
fish packed in the familiar manner 
and may cover pilchards, herring, an- 
chovies or other varieties. 



FISH FORECAST 

Production of sea foods this year 
will reach less than 60 per cent of de- 
mand under present conditions. Fish- 
eries Coordinator Harold L. Ickes 
announced after a series of confer- 
ences with industry, labor, and con- 
sumer representatives. 

''Although the Secretary of Agri- 
culture estimates that a minimum 
catch of seven billion pounds (of 
sea food products) will be needed this 
year to supply the armed forces, our 
Allies, and the civilian needs, the best 
opinion of the industry is that pro- 
duction will be no more than 3,650,- 
000,000 pounds unless many of the 
industry's handicaps are removed," 
Coordinator Ickes said. Production 
of sea foods in 1942, due to unfavor- 
able circumstances, fell to 3,700,f)00,- 
000 pounds. 

Sea food production affects other 
products. Fish meal is a common in- 
gredient of poultry food. Fish oil, 
rich in vitamins, is largely used in 
medicine and in various industries. 



BUILDING PERMITS 

Authority to begin residental, agri- 
cultural, and many types of commer- 
cial construction, costing less than 
$10,000, will be given in the future 
by the Regional Offices of the W^ar 
Production Board, it was announced 
by WPB. 

This authority is contained in an 
administrative order which empowers 
the 12 Regional Offices to assign 
preference ratings for the necessary 
critical materials needed in these 
building operations. The order is 
effective March 8. 



Gasoline for spring planting and 
for cultivating and harvesting crops 
will be readily available to farmers 
this summer through ration proce- 
dures streamlined for their con- 
venience, Prentiss M. Bown, Price 
Administrator, said on March 20. 

Applications for rations for tractors 
and other off-the-highway farm ma- 
chinery may be mailed to War Price 
and Rationing Boards, Mr. Brown 
pointed out, or they may be turned 
over to a county War Board to certify 
and forward to the rationing board 
which will mail back the ration 
coupon books to the applicant. Thus, 
the farmer will be spared the time 
and trouble of trips to get his rations. 



The U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture will buy sulphur dioxide packed 
strawberries this summer in southern 
and soiithea stern states to meet war 
export requirements. 






•A 



'.■'S 






Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1943 



Femisylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 
Room 426-28, Telegraph Building 
216 Locust Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 

5 cents a copy 50 cents a year 



Vol. XL 



APKIL, 1943 



No. 1 



Board of Managers 
KENZIE S. BAGSHAW, President, HoUidaysburg, Pa. 

G. MERLE GRIFFIN ALBERT MADIGAN C. M. DAVIDSON 

Smock, Pa. Towanda, Pa. Grove City, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, KENZIE S. BAGSHAW 

Managing Editor, MILES HORST 
427-429 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, O. WALKER SHANNON 
Hookstown, Pa. 

A.DVBRTISINO is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per inch, 
each Insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



Farm Scrap 



THE farm scrap drive in Pennsylvania runs through the month of April. 
This kind of scrap is especially wanted because the heavy farm scrap 
is more suitable for mills than light scrap from some other sources. 
Last year the Granges of Pennsylvania rendered yoeman service in the col- 
lection of scrap, and undoubtedly they will be on the job this month so 
that Pennsylvania's reputation as a source of this valuable war material 
is maintained. 



Inflation 



ALL these regulations, restrictions and rations now in force were not put 
there to pester people. They are part of a frantic effort to avoid in- 
flation. How successful they will be remains to be seen, but let us re- 
member their purpose is not to punish, but to protect the people from un- 
restrained inflation, which in the end amounts to confiscation of property. 
Suoh intentions are beyond criticism, but Shakespeare says the downward 
path "is paved with good intentions." The hope of the land is that the good 
intentions will be attained and the treacherous road to complete inflation at 
least partly avoided. 



Farm Safety 

BETWEEN eight and ten thousand accidents occur on Pennsylvania 
farms in a year. This year with considerable help from towns people 
and high school children planned for farms it is likely that the accident 
rate will be high, for those folks not being reared on farms have little idea 
of the many hazards constantly met in agriculture. For the benefit of the 
individual, to conserve manpower and to promote food production both 
farmers and their help should pay some attention this summer to the matter 
of care and the prevention of farm accidents. Granges may find this a sub- 
ject for interesting discussion. A report by members of the accidents in 
their recollection would 'prove an impressive picture of the results of care- 
lessness. 



Brakes on Production 

WITH food production an urgent need this country has to its credit, 
or blame, a series of bungling events and circumstances which should 
bring the blush of shame to the cheeks of sundry bureaucrats, for 
they are restricting rather than promoting production. Many of these mis- 
takes stem from ignorance of agriculture, others show lack of business 
experience, while others are tinged with a pink frenzy of social reform, or 
revolution, if you prefer that word. 

Effects range from the ridiculous to the tragic. In Michigan the Gov- 
ernor reports a survey showing 238 tractors waiting weeks in repair shops 
for parts. The Governor of Iowa mentions thousands of combines in storage, 
not used last year because "under rationing they were not released." Many 
examples are given of faulty distribution of machinery — rotary hoes going 
to Georgia and Pennsylvania, which have no use for them, and too few 
going to Illinois and Iowa where they are wanted. A company gets more 
steel for farm machinery — too late to make the machinery this year. 

With a shortage of protein our cows will give less milk. With ceiling 
prices on farm products farmers are unable to plan wisely, for no matter 
how bright the promises or how clever the theories, a farmer must pay his 
bills. He cannot pay them with promises of labor or materials or equip- 
ment. He must use cash or its equivalent. 



Things like these are to be expected in war, for it is wasteful and costly 
—but there are those among us who did not expect so many of them and 
who still think a knowledge of agriculture by those given authority over it 
would serve the nation better than patterns from Britain or theories from 



the Soviet. 



More Rationing Needed 

MANY of the necessities of life are now rationed. The purchase of 
certain foods, shoes and fuel oils is restricted so that all may share 
alike in the available supply. To this purpose few will object, but 
many wonder why the principle of rationing is not extended to certain 
luxuries. No coupon books are necessary to buy liquors and tobacco, yet it 
is conceivable that a curtailment in their consumption might curtail absten- 
teeism in war plants and promote the sale of war bonds. There may be a 
good reason why these commodities are not rationed, or the reasoning may 
be in line with that of a philosophical gent we once knew, a person noted 
for his ability to avoid work throughout a long and not very useful life. 
He delighted in observing that "if bread is the staff of life whiskey is life 
itself." : 

Old Machines 

WHAT Grange in the state has the oldest mowing machine in service; 
the oldest binder; the oldest cultivator? There is much service in 
these antiques yet, and we may be making use of it before this war 
is over. A farm machinery mechanic recently stated that he seldom finds 
a worn-out farm machine. The machines which farmers are ready to discard 
may in most cases with relatively small cost and with the modern repair 
facilities be put in condition almost like new. This source of farm machinery 
is sure, and it is the only certain source we have this year. It may pay to 
take another look at that old worn-out machine and see if it cannot be 
resurrected. The Grange News will be glad to print pictures of old ma- 
chines together with brief descriptions of how they have been revived and 
put into circulation again. Broken and useless parts should go in the scrap 
pile, but anything that can be put in operation will make its best contri- 
bution to the common cause if headed toward food production. 



I 

Farm Labor 

MANY efforts have been made by numerous agencies to cope with the 
so-called farm labor problem — none to date conspicuous for their 
success. The object of all is worthy, for it is to secure labor, but 
since little of that commodity is at large not much has or is likely to be got. 
The latest move, and the most promising, is that outlined by the State Farm 
Labor Emergency Committee, appointed by the Governor, approved by the 
Legislature to the tune of a quarter million dollars (if an appropriation bill 
for that amount passes), participated in by such state agencies as the De- 
partment of Agriculture, Pennsylvania State College, State Grange, Farm 
Bureau, Council for Civilian Defense, Council of Farm Organizations, De- 
partment of Public Instruction and the Appeal Board of Selective Service. 
Its contemplated plan is to operate through county and local committees 
of farmers, directed by the county agent or his representative, and try to 
line up all groups interested in the problem and direct their efforts toward 
getting the labor, mostly from local sources, and seeing that it is suitable 
for farm work. This approach, which is from the farm end, is better than 
over-all projects emanating from the nation's Capital, which are generally 
involved, cumbersome and doomed to peter out before they get down to the 
farm. Let us not expect miracles from this new committee, but hope it gets 
going without further delay and proves of some use to farmers. 



Democracy 

THE word is on the tongues of men, but to live, it must dwell in their 
hearts. This means they must practice it, even though it costs some 
exertion, for while democracy is our heritage it is not an immutable 
metal ; it is a system of organized society which depends for its existence 
on the strength of its parts, and its parts are the people. If the people fail 
to think and to express themselves through local groups democracy dies. 
Mental laziness and moral sloth have spelled the death of democracy in more 
than one great nation. History is littered with the debris of defunct de- 
mocracies — gone by the board because the people shirked their obligations 
and let leaders usurp their power. 

No groups in the country are in better position to practice democracy 
than are the local Granges. To no class are the results of free enterprise, 
the blessings of liberty, which thrive in democracy, of more importance 
than to the farmer. He can best serve himself and country by study of 
policies and programs which affect his business and after such study let 
his leaders, officers and legislators know the results of his meditations. A 
simple and correct solution can often be found by the man on the job when 
well-meaning planners in some ofiice far away fail to get the correct answer. 



April, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



LEGISLATION 

The present session of the Pennsyl- 
vania Legislature is now well ad- 
vanced. As usual, many hundreds of 
bills have been introduced and have 
been or are being considered by the 
committees to which they have been 

referred. ^ 

Several of these bills are of vital 
interest to agriculture. In some in- 
stances a number of bills pertaining 
to the same subject, but differing 
slightly in detail, have been intro- 
duced. 

Among the many subjects affecting 
agriculture being considered are — ex- 
emption or refunding of gasoline tax 
on fuel used for non-highway pur- 
poses, increased appropriation for 
cattle indemnities, an appropriation 
for agricultural research in the School 
of Agriculture at the Pennsylvania 
State College, and return to Standard 

Time. 

A substantial reduction in real 
estate tax would be brought about by 
the passage of House Bill No. 375, by 
Representative Ely of Susquehanna 
County. This bill as drawn provides 
that to second, third and fourth class 
school districts the state will appropri- 
ate "an amount equal to $1800 multi- 
plied by the number of teachers and 
members of the supervisory staff of 
each district, on a six mill tax levied 
on the true valuation of the property 
taxable in the district." This bill em- 
bodies the features of school tax re- 
duction on real estate advocated by 
the Grange for several years. 

Several bills amending the Oleo- 
margarine law by reducing the deal- 
er's license fee have been introduced 
and remain in the Committee on 
Dairy Interests. 



CATTLE TESTED 

During January of this year, 54,259 
cattle in Pennsylvania were tested for 
tuberculosis. Secretary Miles Horst, 
of the Department of Agriculture an- 
nounced. Of this number only 93 re- 
acted, clearly indicating, as Secretary 
Horst states, the effectivenss of the 
tuberculosis eradication program. 

The first herd in America to be 
tested for tuberculosis was tested in 
Pennsylvania in 1892. 

This year the Pennsylvania Tuber- 
culosis Society and its affiliated organ- 
izations are putting forth every effort 
to hold and increase the gains made 
HI combating human tuberculosis. In 
cooperation with other groups April 
IS being devoted to an intensive edu- 
cational campaign urging everyone to 
''Follow the Example of the Armed 
Forces— Get a Chest X-Bay." 

Xew leaflets available are Ask Me!, 
Why X-Ray ? and We Appeal to You ! 
The importance of good health for 
\^^^rkers is emi)hasized in two films 
'.'Middlotown Goes to War" and "Sand 
in the Gears." These and other items 
oan be secured from the Pennsylvania 
iiibereulosis Society or its affiliated 
organizations, of which there is one in 
f'ach countv. 



THE GRANGE'S VIEWS 

ON THE INCOME TAX 

Tn accordance with the action taken 
'>y the National Grange at its annual 
convention last November, the 
'orange, through its Washington rep- 
Jpsentative Fred Brenckman, advo- 
j'fitod adoption of the pay-as-you-earn 
^3sis when the hearings on income tax 
^Pro in progress before the Wavs and 
•^ipans Committee. 

^ }^ Orange has not endorsed any 
^Pecific plan for carrying out such a 
[^?''fy, but declared in favor of get- 
'^? personal income taxes on a cur- 
^^t basis without paying more than 
^^^ year's tax at a time. 



YOUR OWN GRANGE COMPANIES 

Assets Over $4,000,000 
Policyholders Surplus Over $1,000,000 



Keep Your Cars in Service and Insured For Your Own Protection 



Twentieth Anniversary Financial Statement, January 1, 1943 



National Grange Mutual Liability Company 

KCENE, NEW HAMPSHIRE 



ASSETS 

Bonds, at amortized values .... 

Stocks, at market values 

First Mortgage Loans 

Cash in Banks and Ofiice .... 
Uncollected premiums (less than ninety 

days due) 

Accrued Interest 

Other Assets 



$2,099,313.88 
139,222.00 
111,502.25 
989,072.81 

125,362.75 

10,411.35 

1,440.10 



Total Admitted Assets $3,476,325.14 

LIABILITIES 

Reserve for losses and adjustment expenses $1,242,220.87 



Reserve for unearned premiums 

Reserve for taxes 

Dividends Reserve for Policyholders . 
Policyholders' Dividends (Declared and 

unpaid) . . . *. 

♦Other Reserves 

Contingency Reserve 



906,949.33 

40,000.00 

400,000.00 

5,786.87 
38,647.71 
92,720.36 



Total Liabilities $2,726,325.14 

Surplus— Policyholders 750,000.00 



Total $3,476,325.14 

* Includes unpaid Commissions and Bills Payable 

Automobile Insurance for Grange Members 



OFFICERS 

FRED J. FREESTONE President 

JAMES C. FARMER Vice-President 

EUGENE A. ECKERT Vice-President 

RICHARD C. CARRICK Secretary 

WILLIAM F. PERRY Treasurer 

ERNEST E. NEWCOMBE Assistant Secretary 

KENNETH P. COLBY Assistant Secretary 



1923 Twenty Years of Grange Insurance Service 1943 



National Grange Fire Insurance Company 

KEENE, NEW HAMPSHIRE 

ASSETS 

Bonds, at amortized values $356,100.00 

Stocks, at market values 17,168.75 

Cash in Banks and Office 173,316.23 

Uncollected premiums (less than ninety days 

due) 21,108.42 

Accrued Interest 1,742.11 

Other Assets 1,459-96 



. $570,895.47 



Total Admitted Assets 

LIABILITIES 

Reserve for losses and loss adjustment 

expenses $ 24,200.00 

Reserve for unearned premiums 139,351-48 

Reserve for taxes 18,128.36 

Policyholders' Dividends — (Accrued) . . , 35,595.67 

Contingency Reserve 25,579.03 

♦Other Reserves 5,313-28 



Total Liabilities 

Capital Stock $200,000.00 

Surplus 122,727.65 



Surplus — Policyholders 



$248,167.82 



322,727.65 



Total $570,895.47 

* Commissions and Unpaid Bills 

Automobile Fire Insurance for Grange Members 

OFFICERS 

ORLANDO L. MARTIN President 

JAMES C. FARMER Vice-President 

EUGENE A. ECKERT Vice-President 

RICHARD C. CARRICK Secretary 

WALTER G. PERRY Treasurer 

HENRY M. WESTON Assistant Secretary 

CHARLES T. MELOON Assistant Treasurer 



1936 Seven Years of Grange Insurance Service 1943 



In the case of the farmer it would 
not be possible to withhold any of his 
income at the source, as may readily 
he done with reference to wage and 
salary workers. The farmer is not on 
anybody's payroll. His income is de- 
rived from the returns he receives in 
marketing his crops and products. It 
would not be feasible for farmers to 
l)ay their income taxes on a monthly 
basis, not even on a quarterly basis in 
many instances. 

But by the end of the year, after 
they have deducted their personal ex- 
emptions, their costs of production, 
their taxes, and after having made 
allowance for the depreciation of 
buildings and equipment, they know 
whether they will have any income 
taxes to pay or not. 

Then if the farmer were given say 
30 days after the close of the calendar 
year to file his return and pay his 
tnxes he would be on a current basis. 
There would be no guess work under 
such a plan and the paper work would 
be reduced to a minimum, simplifying 
matters for the taxpayer and the gov- 
ernment alike. 

The Grange is of the opinion that 
such a plan would be preferable to 
the present system, under which the 
taxpayer is given the whole of the suc- 



ceeding year to pay his taxes in quar- 
terly installments leaving him always 
a year in arrears. — National Orange 
Monthly. 



CHURCH INTEREST IN 

PLANTING TIME 

Thousands of rural and city 
churches are expected to join in the 
observance this year of Rural Life 
Sunday on May 30th, according to Dr. 
Benson Y. Landis, Secretary of the 
Committee on Town and Country of 
the Home Missions Council of ^orth 
America and the Federal Council of 
Churches. 

"The spiritual significance of plant- 
ing time was stressed in the early 
Christian Church," Dr. Landis said 
in commenting on the observance, 
"and we are asking that the Church 
of today recover some of this inter- 
est." 

Formerly known as Rogation Day 
and observed since the fourth century, 
the fifth Sunday after Easter has been 
regarded by an increasing number of 
city as well as rural churches as a day 
set apart for emphazing the meaning 
of Christianity for rural life and for 



consideration of the spiritual values 
that inhere in rural life. Dr. Landis 
said. 

Activities in observance of Rural 
Life Sunday will include the exchange 
of city and rural pastors, special wor- 
ship services and discussion groups. 

A special order of service for Rural 
Life Sunday is available at the office 
of the Home Missions Council, 297 
Fourth Avenue, at 3c a copy, with 
special rates on quantities. 



IS NOW DEAN OF SENATE 

Enviable Distinction Comes to 
Carter Glass, of West Virgini 

The dean of the United States Sen- 
ate in point of years is venerable 
Carter Gass of Virginia, who recently 
celebrated his 85th birthday. Senator 
Glass, who first came to the Senate 
in 1920, was elected for another term 
of six years on November 3. Prior 
to his service in the Senate he was a 
member of the House, where he played 
a conspicuous role from 1902 to 1918, 
when he resigned to become Secretary 
of the Treasury under President Wil- 
son. He was one of the chief archi- 
tects of the Federal Reserve System. 



I 



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Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1943 



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April, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



Mrs. Ethel H. Rich- 
ards, Chairman, New 
Paris. 

Mrs. Georgia Kresge, 
Falls. 

Miss Agnes Brum- 
baugh, State Col- 
lege. 

Mrs. H. R. McDougal, 
Butler. 

Mrs. Furman Gyger, 
Kimberton. 



1 



WOMAN^S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

B\^ Home Economics Committee 






Clothing Conservation 

By Agnes Brumbaugh, 
In Charge Home Economics Extension, The Pennsylvania State College 



PENNSYLVANIA rural home- 
makers are conserving clothing in 
wartime. They know that our 
armed forces need wool for warm 
clothing, and that nylon is needed for 
parachutes, rayon for tires, and cotton 
for clothing and ammunition. 

To outfit a soldier with overcoat, 
jackets, pants, underwear, shirts, socks 
and hats takes about 200 pounds of 
wool and about 100 pounds for an- 
nual replacements. There is available 
this year 475,000,000 pounds of wool 
from American sheep. However, this 
is less than half enough for civilian 
needs and less than two-thirds for all 
army needs. Normally the remainder 
of the wool could be imported, but 
wartime shipping facilities are affect- 
ing the supply available from other 
countries. 

All this means that civilian wool 
clothing must be conserved for the 
duration. Many women are giving 
first aid to the family wardrobe and 
are cleaning, pressing, mending, and 
remodeling clothes when necessary. 
Children no longer are heard saying, 
"We don't like 'hand-me-downs,' " 
for mothers realize that with a few 
changes garments take on a new ap- 
pearance. 

One girl had a new coat because her 
mother was keen and clever. She took 
an out-of-date coat of her own and 
made one for her daughter. Her first 
step was to rip, wash, and press care- 
fully, then lay the pattern on the best 
parts of the pieces and discard the 
worn spots. The result of her efforts 
was a 1943 style coat for her girl. 
This is only one example of what 
many other mothers have done to 
make what they have go further. 

Remodeling to give garments that 
new look can be done without com- 
pletely ripping and recutting. Often 
all a coat, dress or jacket needs is 
the shoulders lifted and the padding 
changed slightly, the hem straight- 
ened, and the side seams taken in or 
let out as the case may be. With a 
crisp collar and cuffs, or a jaunty clip, 
or stunning buttons, a dress gets a 
new lease on life. Similarly, a coat 
or a jacket is good for another season 
with slight adjustments and a new 
lining. 

Often a pair of trousers that has 
given its all to the man of the house 
can give further service. One pair 
of wool trousers did just that. The 
trousers were ripped, washed, pressed, 
end some of the worn spots and holes 
skillfully mended. Next, patterns for 
a small boy's trousers and an eight- 
year-old girl's skirt were laid on care- 
fully with the grain on the material. 
After being cut and made, the gar- 
ments were prize possessions of their 
owners. 

By removing the sleeves and worn- 
out places under the arms, many 
dresses become jumper dresses. 

In each case of remodeling, the aim 
is to make the garment look new and 
attractive to its wearer. This not 
only lifts her morale, but also gives 



her a feeling of being well-dressed, 
which is essential. 



BEAUTY REMINDER 

They're counting on us women to 
provide the morale these days. Our 
nice dispositions and our culinary 
skill will go far in that direction, but 
our psychological influence will be 
enormously increased if, in addition 
to these, we are easy on the eyes. So 
now is the time to rally our beauty 
to the aid of our country. 

We're not going to suggest any- 
thing new — just remind you that 
you'd better be practicing all those 
beauty secrets you already know. 
Looks don't improve with good inten- 
tions any more than figures get slim- 
mer with tomorrow's diet. So take a 
look in your mirror. Is your hair 
glossy from brushing and neatly and 
becomingly dressed? Is your skin 
fresh looking due to thorough cleans- 
ing, with cold water applied as an 
astringent after rinsing off the hot 
suds? And have you been using a 
touch of skin cream to offset the ef- 
fect of sun and wind ? And how about 
cream or lotion on your hands at 
night? And have you been wearing 
gloves while gardening or while do- 
ing the grimier housework? 

Well, we just wanted to remind you. 
We're going to get really busy on 
our appearance tomorrow, — no, this 
very day. Hope you'll join us. 



Be sure to have cloths and water 
on hand for steam pressing. You 
need to press the wool as you make 
most repairs if you want the finished 
work to look well. Wool should never 
be pressed except with steam. 

The Bantering Stitch 

A good stitch to have in your sew- 
ing repertoire, judging from the fre- 
quency with which it is used in these 
repairs, is the rantering stitch. Done 
correctly this stitch can make seams 
on wool practically invisible. Direc- 
tions and diagrams in the bulletin 
show how to make this stitch. 

To repair trousers that wear out 
around the bottom of the leg the bul- 
letin shows the possibilities of those 
that still have their pre-war cuffs. 
These cuffs may be used to make six 
successive repairs. Each repair re- 
moves the worn edge, and in the proc- 
ess the plain cuff first becomes a 
French cuff and eventually the pres- 
ent-day plain hem. 

An ingenious repair that makes use 
of the material in the cuff in another 
way is the seamed knee mend. To 
mend a worn knee the cuff is ripped 
open and the trouser leg ripped up 
the side seams to the worn knee. The 
strip of wear is cut out across the 
whole front trouser leg. Then the 
lower front leg is moved up and 
seamed to the top section of the leg. 
Side seams are resewed. Both 
trouser legs are then finished without 
cuffs. 

Among other repairs shown in the 
bulletin are mends for a worn collar 
roll, worn coat front, frayed sleeve 
edges, worn elbows, a way to restore 
pin stripes worn off at elbows or 
knees, a reweave patch that's easier 
than reweaving and hardly shows. 

Single copies of "Mending Men's 
Suits" may be obtained free from the 
Office of information, U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Washington, 
D. C, as long as the free supply lasts. 



Commercial preparations may be 
purchased to fill cracks in wood or 
plaster, or the following filler may be 
made with paper: Tear newspapers 
into small pieces, cover with boiling 
water and let stand 6 to 8 hours or 
until pulpy. Squeeze out water and 
run through food chopper. Make 
flour and water paste as for wall paper 
thin until the consistency of starch; 
add one tablespoon of arsenic for an 
insecticide; add paper pulp to paste 
until the consistency of putty. Fill 
cracks in wood or plaster and smooth 
off. Let it dry thoroughly before 
painting over it. 

IRONING HINTS 

Don't overheat. 

Use a regular wall outlet, not a 
lamp socket. 

Don't scrape your iron. When cool, 
wash off starch with damp, soapy 
cloth. 

Place a piece of beeswax between 
two pieces of flannel and rub your 
iron on them. It will be clean and 
run smoothly. 

Don't drop your iron. 



MENDING MENS SUITS 

A lot of civilian suits could be 
wearing their own sorts of service 
stripes these days. Many a man is 
making the suits he has wear longer. 
Thus he saves limited supplies of wool 
as well as man-hours of factory labor. 

Smart ways to make civilian suits 
live to a ripe old age are shown in 
"Mending Men's Suits," an illustrated 
bulletin recently off the presses of the 
Government Printing Office. Authors 
of the bulletin are Clarice Scott and 
Anne Hagood of the Textiles and 
Clothing Division of the Bureau of 
Home Economics, Agricultural Re- 
search Administration. 

Miss Scott and Mrs. Hagood have 
worked out stitch-by-stitch, easy-to- 
follow directions for over forty suit 
repairs, adjustments, and reinforce- 
ments. 

Repairs 

"Before you rip . . . cut . . . stitch, 
make sure you have on hand mending 
supplies that will make your work 
easier and your results better look- 
ing," suggests the bulletin. 

Buy three-cord mercerized thread, 
size O for stitching. If you can't get 
an exact match, buy thread that is 
darker than the material rather than 
lighter. For instance, black thread 
usually looks better than blue on a 
navy suit because it works up lighter 
than it appears on the spool. Best 
thread for stitching buttonholes is 
buttonhole twist made especially for 
men's suits. 



"THE MELANCHOLY DAYS" 

Housecleaning time is here and 
every one has her own system of 
spring cleaning. Some methodically 
take one room at a time and give 
each in turrf a thorough cleaning; 
others clean woodwork all over the 
house, then the windows and the rest 
of the cleaning as they find time; 
still others take the house apart from 
top to bottom and keep the entire 
household in a turmoil for days. 
Whatever the method some of the sug- 
gestions below may prove practical. 

If cleaning paper work from the 
top down. In washing woodwork start 
at the bottom and wash up. 

When painting, if obliged to stop 
for several hours, try wrapping the 
paint brush in waxed paper or cello- 
phane. It will remain moist and pli- 
able. 

Cures for scratches include furni- 
ture polish containing dye or stain ; 
tincture of iodine carefully applied 
with a bit of cotton wrapped on a 
toothpick; or, for mahogany potas- 
sium permanganate solution made by 
dissolving one teaspoonful of perman- 
ganate in a quart of water. 

Speed is the thing when washing 
drapes or materials that have colors 
which may run. Wash quickly only 
one or two pieces at a time, rinse at 
once, roll in a towel to remove excess 
water, then dry as rapidly as possible. 
Sew strips of muslin to the edge of 
hand crocheted panels or curtains and 
fasten by these to the curtain stretch- 
ers. 

Worn or fragile curtains may be 
placed in a pillowcase and swished 
up and down in sudsy water to re- 
move soil. 



LEGEND OF THE 
DOGWOOD 

The dogwood is the most 
beautiful tree of the woodlands, 
in the opinion of many nature 
lovers. Here is the old legend 
of how the tree became what it 
is now: 

At the time of the Crucifixion 
the dogwood had the size of the 
oak and other forest trees. So 
firm and strong was the dog- 
wood tree that it was chosen as 
the timber for the Cross. To be 
used thus for such a cruel pur- 
pose greatly distressed the tree, 
and Jesus, nailed upon it, 
sensed this and His gentle pity 
for all sorrow and suffering said 
to it: 

"Because of your regret and 
pity for my suffering, never 
again shall a dogwood tree grow 
large enough to be used as a 
cross. Henceforth it shall be 
bent and twisted and its blossoms 
shall be in the form of a cross, 
two long and two short petals. 
And in the center of the outer 
edge of each petal will be nail 
prints brown with rust and 
stained with red, and in the 
center of the flower will be a 
crown as of thorns, and all who 
see it will remember." 



Do have a center of interest in each 
oom. If you have a fireplace, use it ; 
^ not, a large window with a pretty 
^iew with attractive house plants, not 
too large, or a large bookcase can be 
made the center of attraction. 

Dont let your fondness for senti- 
mental bits and pieces give your rooms 
a cluttered look. If you have lots of 
charming vases, candlesticks and bric- 
a-brac to which you're devoted, put 
them all away except a choice few and 
display them at different times. You'll 
be amazed at how you'll welcome the 
pieces after not having seen them 
around for awhile, and how much 
finer the few will look alone than in 
too crowded company. 

Bo place mirrors at eyelevel, not 
above. 

LIGHT BUT TASTY 

Mrs. J. Clyde Borneman 
Pottstown 

This is the time of year to think 
of light desserts. Because of the 
scarcity of sugar, I turn to jello and 
dissolve one package of orange jello 
in one pint of boiling water. Add one 
teaspoon of lemon juice, let cool un- 
til it jells, then beat until it is light 
yellow and foamy and double in quan- 
tity. Add one cup sliced yellow 
peaches and mold in large dish or in- 
dividual molds. 

I use raspberry jello in the same 
way, adding one cup frozen raspber- 
ries or one cup of blue plum halves. 



The Home Economics Committee 
of Susquehanna County Pomona 
Grange plans to have a bread baking 
<:onte8t at their June meeting. 



DO'S AND DONTS 

FOR DECORATING 

Don't stand furniture eater- 
cornered. It uses up unnecessary 
space and creates a displeasing line- 

Do try to keep a feeling of balance 
in the room by separating the large, 
heavy pieces so that they are not 
clustered together in one part of the 
room. 

Do place your rugs, even small scat- 
ter rugs, so that they follow the lines 
of the room, not at angles to the wal"- 

Do consider room exposure in pla'^* 
ning color. Cool colors for a sunny 
room, warm colors for a room tba 
gets little sun. Light colors will make 
a small room look larger, dark ones, 
create the opposite effect. 

Don't be afraid of color. The rain- 
bow is the shortest distance between » 
cheerful interior and a dreary one. 
One of the least expensive ways oi 
giving a room new life is to paint to 
walls. 



TEN POINTS 

They cost so little . . . 
They are worth so much! 

1. You cannot bring about prosper- 

ity by discouraging thrift. 

2. You cannot strengthen the weak 

by weakening the strong. 

3. You cannot help small men by 

tearing down big men. 

4. You cannot help the poor by de- 

stroying the rich. 

5. You cannot lift the wage-earner 

by pulling down the wage- 
^ payer. 

6. You cannot keep out of trouble by 

spending more than your in- 
come. 

7. You cannot further the brother- 

hood of man by inciting class 
hatred. 

8. You cannot establish sound secur- 

ity on borrowed money. 

9. You cannot build character and 

courage by taking away a man's 
initiative and independence. 
10. You cannot help men permanent- 
ly by doing for them what they 
oould and should do for them- 
selves. 

—Land 0' Lakes NEWS. 



HANDY TIPS 

Your old wire brush, used to clean 
suede shoes, is a wonderful pot 
cleaner in the absence of metal 

sponges. 

An old Mason jar lid held flat 
Jiakes a good scraper for cleaning 
"e bottom of boilers, frying pans 
^"d roasters. 

Canned goods last longer and pro- 

lae more variety if you divide your 
J"s into two-month periods. 

^orks often slip in and out of salt 
^y pepper shakers. Place adhesive 
^a^ over the filler opening. 
,,f^'^ towels, sheets, etc., as soon as 
^Ji^en from the line, place a weight on 

^^ and they require no ironing. 



Or try folding towels before putting 
them through the wringer. 

If sheets or cotton blankets are 
worn in the center, sew outside edges 
together, tear through the center and 
hem the torn edges. 

Boiling rhubarb leaves in a discol- 
ored aluminum kettle will make the 
kettle bright as new. 

SALMON JELLIED SALAD 

Dissolve one package of Lemon 
jello or Royal gelatin in one cup of 
boiling water and cool. 

1 lb. can pink or red salmon (skin 
and bones removed). Break salmon 
into small pieces with a fork, add the 
salmon juice from can. 

Add juice of one lemon or V2 c. 
vinegar. 

1 C. celery hearts cut small (leaves 
included). 

1 T. minced onion. 

2 T. sweet red peppers cut small 
(canned may be used). 

Salt and pepper to taste. 

Mix and add the cooled gelatin and 
pour into a wet cold dish to set. 

To serve, turn this jellied salad out 
on a large plate covered with lettuce, 
surround with sliced pickled beets, 
and outside the beets a circle of halves 
of hard boiled or deviled eggs, and a 
few homemade small pickles. 

This salad may be made of tuna, 
chicken or turkey instead of salmon, 
and makes a complete meal for lunch- 
eon or supper by serving with rolls 
and butter. 



CERTAINTY 

The unrelenting thorns of pain 
And poverty's harassing cry 

That wound anew the hearts of men- 
All these will die! 

The ever-clutching hands of greed 
And war's implacable array 

Will pack their arrows of despair 
And pass away! 

For never yet was Calvary borne 
Without its gift of Eastertide, 

For love and faith and sacrifice — 
All these abide! 

— Peter Gething. 



BEST CHECK SUPPLIES 

Eleanor B. Winters 

It's not too early to begin planning 
for the canning season. It will be 
wise to check the canning equipment 
on hand. Is it in good condition and 
ready to use ? Will you have the num- 
ber of jars and rubbers you need? 

This year jars are being made in 
pint, quart, two-quart, and gallon 
sizes. Half-pint and wide-mouth jars 
will not be manufactured for the 
duration. 

A two-piece glass and metal cover 
has appeared in the stores to replace 
the one-piece zinc Mason cover. The 
glass lid has a rubber which is placed 
on the lid and not on the jar. A 
lacquered or black plate metal screw 
band holds the lid in place during 
processing. Because this type of 
metal will rust, it is suggested that 
the band be removed 24 hours after 
the jar has been processed and cooled. 

Glass covers and some two-piece 
metal covers with a composition rub- 
ber seal are available. Some stores 
may stock a smaller metal cover with 
a composite rubber seal for use on 
small-mouth glass jars, such as those 
used for coffee. 

Reports are that wartime rubbers 
may be black, possibly have a queer 
odor, and no lips. A minimum amount 
of crude rubber likely will be used 
in manufacturing, therefore, the rub- 
bers cannot be stretched. Research 
workers suggest that jars on which 



rubber rings are used be only par- 
tially sealed during processing, be- 
cause the rubbers are likely to push 
out. Complete the seal at the end of 
the processing period. 



RAINY DAY CLOTHING 

Mabel Burseth 

Rubber footwear needs special at- 
tention. Wash muddy overshoes with 
cool water before you put them away. 
Dry with a cloth or put in a cool airy 
place. Don*t put them under the 
kitchen stove, but stuff with crumpled 
paper and put in a dark cool spot. 



Raincoats require careful hand- 
ling. If there is mud on them, wash 
it off with cool water and hang the 
coats to dry away from heat but in 
the open air. Never hang a wet 
raincoat in the clothes closet. 

Put all superstitution aside when 
drying umbrellas. It is better for 
the umbrella to open it and allow to 
dry inside, then fold and put it away. 
To clean silk umbrellas, brush with 
a soft cloth. Brush colored cotton 
umbrellas with a soft clothes brushy 
and clean oil silk umbrellas by wash- 
ing with mild soap and water, rins- 
ing, and drying in the shade before 
closing them. 



Our Fashion and Pattern Department 

All pattern* 15c. each In stamps or coin (coin preferred). 




2716— Cheer and charm go hand In hand 
with this pretty house dress and 
its button-on apron. Sizes 12 to 
48. Size 36, for dress, 3% yds. 
35-in. fabric with 5% yds. braid; 
for apron, 2 yds. 35-in. fabric. 

2721 — A cute frock for a youngster and it 
has two versions for the neckline. 
Sizes 6 mos. 1, 2 and 3 yrs. Size 
2, for dress with contrasting col- 
lar, IVa yds. 35-in. fabric with 
V6 yd. contrasting and 1% yd. 
braid : for dress with front band, 
IMr yds. 35-ln. fabric with 1\^ yds. 
'uffllng. 

2718 — Soft lines make this casual frock a 
fashion favorite. Sizes 14 to 50. 
Size 36. 3V6 yds. 39-in. fabric. 

2711— Two-plecer that has a cute scallop 
Jacket and crisp collars and cuffs. 
Sizes 10 to 40. Size 16. 3Va yds. 



39-in. fabric with J^ yd. contrast- 
ing and 3^ yds. pleating. 

2718 — This jumper is ideal for the In-be- 
tween age. and they will love the 
side buttoning. Sizes 8 to 16. Size- 
12, for the blouse, 1% yds. 35-ln. 
fabric ; for the Jumper, 3 yds. 
35-in. fabric. 

3506^A deep Vee neckline insures flguj-e flat- 
tery with this Jumper. Sizes 12 to- 
42. Size 36. for the blouse, 2% 
yds. 35-in. fabric ; for the Jumper^ 
3*^ yds. 35-ln. fabric. 

2046^This is such a practical two-plecer 
and it will adapt very nicely to- 
most any fabric. Sizes 10 to 40. 
Size 16, AYa yds. 35-in. fabric. 

8026 — If Daddy is in the Navy, young, 
daughter will be delighted with this 
frock. Sizes 2 to 8. Size 4, 1%, 
yds. 35-in. fabric with f^ yd. con- 
trasting and 1% yds. braid. 



So many women are making their own clothes these days that have never sewed 

before. Why not let the SPRING FASHION BOOK help you? Over 150 new pattern 

designs for all ages, all sizes and all occasions. Price 15c, or only 10c when ordere<l 

with a pattern. 

Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 

427 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1943 



April, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



OUR JUVENILE GRANGES 

MRS. LUCY SHUMWAY, Wyalusing 



APRIL JOY 

When springtime comes I love to be 
Out in the sun by my apple tree, 
Out where the soft sunshine has 

kissed 
The blossoms to pink and amethyst, 
Where the song birds sing under 

glowing skies 
And the rare sweet odors of flowers 

rise. 
I go to my tree everyday and sit 
And gaze in the blue for the joy of 

it. 



DAYS WE CELEBRATE IN MAY 

1 — May Day, 

1.7_Child Health Week. 

2-8 — Music Week 

9 — Mother's Day. 
15 — I Am An American Day. 
12 — Birthday of Florence Nightin- 
gale (celebrated as Hospital 
Day). 
12 — American Indian Day. 
17 — Norwegian Independence Day. 
30 — Memorial Day. 

1-31 — Victory Garden Day. 



VEGETABLES FOR VICTORY 

By L. Young Correthers 

Vegetables for victory 

Give vitamins for health — 
Add riches to the nation — ^ 

Augment our country's wealth, 
Now go to work, good children, 

With busy rakes and hoes 
So that garden diligence 

Will help defeat our foes. 
The vegetables have registered — 

Each root and bulb and leaf — 
All stand awaiting your command — 

Their General-in-Chief. 



She, they say, need never fear the 

curse of freckles for a year, 
And did she add a certain rune-lo 

she would wed a lover soon. 
Milkmaids garbed in gay array 

blithely gave their wares away ; 
And chimney sweeps in masquerade 

would dance the streets in mock 

parade. 
And there were darker wilder rites 

— black altars and unholy 

lights — 
Men treading in silent fear — lest 

evil spirits hear — 
For even the dullest souls must 

know on May Day Easter 

witches go 
To blight the cattle and the crop, 

and cause the budding trees to 

stop 
Their growth — unless a man should 

seize whatever spells he can; 
Goblins from the hills would come, 

a step-step to a distant drum. 
Leprechauns and faun-eared elves, 

chuckling gently to them- 
selves — 
The little people, bad and good, from 

dell and tree and haunted 

wood." 



When the whistle is blown each first 
player runs to the board, writes a 
word, returns to his line, gives the 
chalk to the second player. This is 
repeated until the end of the line is 
reached, each player adding a word 
to the sentence which the first player 
started. The team that first finishes 
a complete and intelligible sentence is 
the winner. 

In another blackboard relay each 
player writes a number, one under 
the other. The last player adds and 
writes down the sum of the numbers. 
(Be sure to have an older member 
for the last player.) 

In still another blackboard relay, 
the first players make a line, each 
player in turn adds a line, the whole 
to form a completed picture. 



TOUCH AND GO 

The players form in lines of five or 
six. Each player in the line clasps 
the waist of the player in front of 
him and each line moves as a unit, an 
extra person acts as a leader. The 
leader names some object such as a 
door window, the opposite wall, and 
tells how they are to travel — for in- 
stance "hop to it on the right foot, 
hop back on the left foot. The win- 
ning group is the one to first touch 
the object and return to their goal 
without having broken their line. 





AMONG THE GRANGES 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



The author of the above little poem 
has published a charming little book 
of verses about Victory Gardens, en- 
titled, "These Blooming Patriots." 
They could be worked up into a short 
garden pageant. He also has pub- 
lished booklets of short poems about 
flowers, trees, birds, etc. They are 
for sale at most well-stocked book- 
stores for 25 cents. 



May Day might well be celebrated 
in every Grange since its celebration 
traces back to the Florali^ of the 
Romans, the festival in honor of 
Flora, the goddess of flowers. It 
began as early as 173 B. C. which 
makes it one of our oldest festivals. 
Its history is interesting because the 
Romans, the Greeks, the Egyptians, 
the Indians, the ancient Druids and 
many present-day peoples have added 
their particular bit to the celebration 
of this day. 

It used to be thought there was a 
magic in certain rites performed on 
May Day: 

^'Ever on the first of May did magic 

walk — the legends say — 
Maidens rose at early dawn to find 

a dew-ensequined lawn, 
And she who humbly bathed her face 

in dewdrops in the magic 

place. 



Mother's Day seems to be a festival 
that Juveniles love to celebrate. Ma- 
terial is usually easy to find. You 
can get some very usable material 
from our Extension office. 

A good main number for a Mother's 
Day program which the Juveniles and 
Subordinates could enjoy together is 
the one-act play, "We Want Mother." 
It could be put on by a family of 
four — a father, mother, son and 
daughter, thus doing away with the 
necessity of traveling anywhere for 
practice. 

This play is found in "Twenty-five 
Non-royalty Plays for Children," by 
M. Jagendorf. I think your librarian 
will be able to get it for you. How- 
ever, it would be a valuable book for 
you to own (as would some of the 
other books of plays by the same 
author). The plays are varied, simple 
and easily performed, but have good 
entertainment value. The plays are 
not only non-royalty, but the author 
gives you ^he privilege of copying 
parts. 



ANOTHER VERSE FOR 

OUR VICTORY GARDENERS 

"While working with the foodstuff — 
Don't forget the rose — 
The lily and the fragrant stock — 
Frail sweet pea and hollyhock. 
The beauty they disclose 
Will comfort us when ways are 

rough. 
They are a part of life that we 
Will make secure with victory. 
So — keep a corner or a row 
Where those blooming friends may 

grow 
And do their bit — perform their 

part — 
Build morale and cheer the heart." 



The observance of Mother's Day 
dates from 1907, but the custom of 
holding a festival in honor of moth- 
erhood is very old. It dates back, in 
the Western world, to the times of 
the ancient Greeks who worshiped 
Cybele, the mother of the gods, and 
honored her with rites in woods and 
caves. The custom was introduced 
into Home from Greece about 250 
B. C. 



DIG UP THE DOLLARS 

Tune, Pack Up Your Troubles 

Dig up the dollars 
That mean victory 
And smile, smile, smile. 
It's a small price to pay for liberty- 
Smile boys, that's the style. 
Just buy war bonds every month. 
Get interest all the while. 
So, dig up the dollars 
For our Uncle Sam 
And smile, smile, smile. 



Out-of-date coat made a 1943 model 
for a school girL See article on con- 
servation of clothing, page 10 of this 
issue. 



Mission brothers meanwhile are dig- 
ging and watering a big mudhole 
from which the birds will draw ma- 1 
terial to repair their nests. j 

Next dawn a lowering cloud ap- 
pears on the horizon, grows bigger 
and bigger until it almost blots out 
the sunlight; the air is loud with 
the beat of thousands of narroTv 
wings. Suddenly, while the rest fly 
on to the canyons beyond, a great 
segment of the swallow cloud breab 
off, swoops down on the Mission, and 
there begins Capistrano's annual 
battle of birds as the swallows fight 
and drive off" interloping swifts and 
sparrows from their last year's nests. 

Legend says the swallows first built 
their mud nests under the eyes of an 
inn in San Juan, and that when the 
innkeeper destroyed their nests and 
drove them away they found a wel- 
come at the Mission and have never 
forgotten. In recent years great 
crowds have gathered to witness the 
coming of the swallows, and NBC 
has breadcast the whirr of their 
wings. 



A GAME TO PLAY 

Blackboard relays are good fun. 
They may be played on large sheets 
of paper if you have no board. 

The teams line up in front of a 
blackboard, and the first player in 
each line is given a piece of chalk. 



A STORY ABOUT BIRDS 

From the Times and Sunset Magazine 

Some of the most fascinating sto- 
ries in the world concern the migra- 
tion of birds. One of t^ie most 
interesting is that of the swallows of 
Capistrano. 

P'or IGO years, migrating swallows 
have arrived at the Mission of San 
Juan Capistrano, on the California 
coast, on March 10, and have flown 
south again on October 23. On March 
18, an advance guard of several hun- 
dred wings in from the ocean circles 
the Mission and flies back to sea. The 



"Mother is the name for God m 
the lips and hearts of Children."- 
T hackery. 

I know you are all buying war 
stamps and bonds. Perhaps you are 
singing some of the "War Bonds 
songs that are going around. 




LUMBER NEEDED 

The War Production Board ha? 
called attention to the serious need ol 
lumber, especially in the northeastern 
section including New England, J<ew 
York, and Pennsylvania. 

WPB has inaugurated the W 
Bunyan Logging Contest in the hope 
that additional supplies of lumber so 
badly needed in eastern shipping, crat- 
ing, etc., may become available. 

Details of the contest have been sent 
to each Subordinate Secretary in tn 
State. 



Two of the largest 4-II Pig ^lu^ 
goals reported to date in Pennsylvam 
are 500 head in Ivcbanon County a^o 
400 head in Lancaster County, 
most counties the club members a 
planning to double their last ye*^ 
production, which was more than ^ 
tons of pork for the state. 



PART 6F FARMERS 

IMPORTANT IN WAR 

The vital part that farmers play 
in this present conflict was empha- 
sized by Attorney Clyde Shumaker, 
of Worth Grange in his welcome ad- 
dress to the members of Butler Coun- 
ty Pomona Grange meeting recently. 
He stressed the necessity for unity. 
"With our men giving their all for 
the principles of democracy, we on 
the home front, working side by side, 
in spirit, must in turn do our ut- 
most," he said. 

In his response, L. G. Stoughton, of 
Unionville, spoke of the willingness 
farmers have displayed to meet the 
increasing demands for production. 
He expressed some doubt as to the 
farmer's ability to increase produc- 
tion to a very considerable extent, 
since he has to cope with inexperi- 
enced help, curtailment in essential 
machinery, shortage of nitrogen for 
fertilizer, and the realization, that, 
after he has done his utmost, the fi- 
nancial return is not comparable with 
industry. 

There was a fine attendance at the 
morning session, when the business 
of the organization was transacted, 
with William Weckerly, Pomona 
Master, presiding. 

Resolutions were passed "that we 
return to standard time since pres- 
ent daylight saving time is a handicap 
to the farmer in carrying out the 
farm program; that the house com- 
mittee be urged to vote favorably on 
the bill requiring contractors to level 
land after strip mining ; that we pro- 
test voting for house bill 11, provid- 
ing for a decrease in tax for those sell- 
ing oleomargarine since dairy inter- 
ests would thus be threatened after 
the present emergency; that we go 
on record as opposed to centralization 
of assessors and tax collectors." 

pRODUCTiox Increase 

At the close of the morning busi- 
ness session. Earl Mack discussed 
measures for meeting the increase in 
poultry production urged by the gov- 
ernment. With building materials 
and new equipment almost unobtain- 
able and poultry feed scarcer and high 
in price, he suggested close culling to 
make as much space as possible for 
profitable birds, attention to time 
and labor saving practices, such as 
providing automatic watering of the 
birds, proper handling of mash to 
avoid waste by using suitable hoppers 
and not over -filling, the use of range, 
preferably clipped clover, to con- 
serve other feed. He also discussed 
the care of eggs and ceiling prices 
lor eggs, effective March 6. "With 
J^aro, these prices will offer," he said, 
a fair profit, providing feed costs 
are not excessive.'* 

In the afternoon, during the pro- 
gram arranged by Mrs. Paul Ken- 
|ck, lecturer, the Pomona group en- 
Joyed the piano, accordion, violin, 
trombone and bassoon selections that 
^ere provided by Butler high school 
students directed by Miss Lola L. 
^evington. 

Winning the war as quickly as 
possible takes precedence over all 
!''8e," said Dr. R. W. Wiley, super- 
intendent of Butler schools, in dis- 
cussing "Goals for 1943." 

That means," he said, "as far as 
'^^y fighting forces are concerned, the 
juick defeat of the Germans and 
strong initiative action against Japan. 
^^n our part, it means all-out produc- 
on, cheerful acceptance of necessary 



deprivations, and making the wisest 
use of materials. It means money, 
lots of it, given through taxes or 
bonds purchases, but we should insist 
on wise expenditures of this money. 
Finally, it means every one giving 
himself to needed work, even at con- 
siderable sacrifice, to support our 
fighting forces. 

Must Consider the Peace 

"As we work to win the war," Dr. 
Wiley said, "we must consider the 
peace. We must consider how to 
maintain lasting good will with other 
nations, how to effect the return of 
our fighting men to normal living, 
and how to provide employment for 
all. 

"A third and final goal would be 
tlie spiritual development of our own 
and other countries since men must 
be educated to good will one toward 
another. It can better be accom- 
plished by the spirit of the Sermon 
on the Mount than by treaty," the 
speaker said. 

In discussing projects for "Subordi- 
nate Grange Home Economics Com- 
mittees," Mrs. R. H. McDougall, sec- 
retary of Pennsylvania State Grange 
Home Economics committee, stressed 
hospitality, attention to the appear- 
ance of the hall, adequate provision 
for the recreational needs of the youth 
of the community and a study of the 
grange community with a view to- 
ward its improvement. In the war 
effort, she asked that home economics 
committees again stress gardens and 
conservation of food, that they see 
that all members know the rules of 
nutrition and that they encourage a 
study of home nursing. As related to 
the war effort, she emphasized the care 
of household equipment and clothing 
and finally urged that in these diffi- 
cult times, the committees aid in 
making Grange homes centers of sane 
thinking and wholesome living. 

Mrs. Kitzer sang "Dreaming" and 
with Mrs. Fredley sang a duet, ac- 
companied by Mrs. Virginia Cratty. 

Pomona will be entertained in 
June by Jackson Grange. 



secure results. Kenzie S. Bagshaw, 
State Master, told of what the Grange 
leaders and farm organizations are 
doing for the farmer and the war 
effort. He also stressed membership, 
and said that the National Grange 
Master expects every Grange and 
( I ranger in the country to support the 
war effort one hundred per cent. 

In closing the meeting Mr. Lotz 
announced that the "traveling meet- 
ing" for northern Blair county would 
be held at Tyrone on March 23. 



INDIANA COUNTY POMONA 

STUDIES WAR ADJUSTMENTS 

FOR THE FARM AND HOME 

Indiana County * Pomona Grange 
No. 58 met March 25 in the Methodist 
Church, Indiana, with Indiana 
Grange No. 1656 acting as host. An 
address of welcome was given by J. I. 
Henderson, Master of the host Grange 
and the response was made by Harry 
Altman of Home Grange. 

The morning meeting was a busi- 
ness session at which committees 
were appointed, and reports were pre- 
sented by Officers, Deputies, Commit- 
tees, and Subordinate Granges. 

The Lecturer's Program in the af- 
ternoon had as its theme, "Wartime 
Adjustments for the Farm and 
Home." Six short talks on various 
phases of gardening were given by 
patrons who were presented by Mrs. 
H. M. Brown, chairman of the Home 
Economics Committee. 

The principal si)eaker was Dr. 
Lawrence C. Davis, head of the De- 
partment of Geography of the In- 
diana State Teachers (College, who 
gave an address on "This Global 
War." A discussion on farm labor 
problems and labor saving devices in 
which several members took part was 
interesting to all. Singing, special 
music, and readings completed the 
program. 

The main event at the evening ses- 
sion was the exemplification of the 
Fifth Degree. Then a sound colored 
motion picture, "Friends of the Air," 
was presented by County Agent J. W. 
Warner. 



The officers for 1943-44 were in- 
stalled by Brother Fred Jones, Past 
Pomona Master. 

Guest speaker for the literary hour 
was Mr. John U. Ruef, Extension 
Specialist in pruning and grafting of . 
fruit trees from Pennsylvania State 
College, who gave an indoor demon- 
stration on grafting and budding of 
trees. 

A resolution opposing the continu- 
ance of War Time, and one opposing 
any increase in the salaries of the 
District Attorney of Westmoreland 
County and his assistants, were 
adopted. 



COUNTY AGENT TALKS 
ON LABOR BEFORE 
BLAIR COUNTY POMONA 

The quarterly meeting of Blair 
County Pomona Grange No. 37 was 
held at the Allegheny Grange Hall re- 
cently, with sessions in the morning 
and afternoon in charge of John S. 
Lotz, Pomona Master. 

F.ugene G. Hamill, Blair county 
farm agent, addressed the morning 
session, giving a very informative talk 
on the farm labor situation. He also 
urged all persons, both farmers and 
town folks, to cultivate gardens this 
summer to help alleviate the food 
situation, which is most serious. How- 
ever, he asked that care be taken to 
give the gardens careful attention so 
that seeds and plants would not be 
wasted. 

At the afternoon session the newly 
elected officers were formally installed 
by Harry Gwin, State Deputy. As- 
sisting Mr. Gwin in the ceremony 
were Mrs. Gwin, Mrs. Evelyn Kep- 
hart and Gladys Slick. Committees 
wore then appointed by John S. Lotz, 
who had been reelected Master. The 
State Deputy spoke about Grange 
membership, stating that farmers are 
being confronted with new problems, 
national and local, and only an ef- 
fective and strong organization would 



OFFICERS RESIGN AFTER 
LONG SERVICE IN 

BEDFORD CO. GRANGE 

Bedford County Pomona No. 24 
I held a very interesting and instruc- 
tive meeting with the Bedford Grange 
in their hall on March 4. 

W. F. Biddle, who has served as 
Secretary for twenty-four years, and 
D. W, W. Dielil, who has been Treas- 
urer for seventeen years, resigned 
their respective offices. The Pomona 
accepted their resignations with re- 
gret and many expressions of appre- 
ciation for these oldest Grangers for 
their untiring service. C. E. Wagoner 
of Bedford, R. 2, was elected Secre- 
tary, and Walter O. Diehl, of Bed- 
ford, R. 4, as Treasurer. N. F. Rich- 
ards and his team then installed all 
the newly elected officers for the en- 
suing two years. 

An Easter program was then pre- 
sented by the Bedford Grange under 
the leadership of Rev. J. Earl Dobbs, 
which was very devotionally rendered. 

At this meeting plans were made 
for an extensive program to be carried 
out during the year. 



WESTMORELAND POMONA 
SEES INDOOR FRUIT 
TREE DEMONSTRATION 

Westmoreland County Pomona 
Grange No. 38 met in regular quarter- 
ly session in the Y. M. C. A., Greens- 
burg, on March 3, 1943. The Worthy 
Master, D. S. Scholl, was in charge. 



BRADFORD POMONA 

HEARS ADDRESS 

ON LEADERSHIP 

Bradford County Pomona Grange 
met on February 20 at the Troy 
Grange Hall with a very good attend- 
ance, representing most of the thirty- 
six Subordinate Granges of the coun- 
ty. The morning session was devoted 
to routine business with Pomona Mas- 
ter Earle L. Bidlack presiding. Sub- 
ordinate Granges reported in many 
cases a decrease in number of regu- 
lar meetings but increase in member- 
ship. 

Fourteen new members were obli- 
gated in the Fifth Degree. During 
the afternoon session it was voted to 
buy a $100 Victory Bond. 

The main feature of the afternoon 
was an address by W. R. Gordon, head 
of the Sociology Rural Extension of 
Pennsylvania State College. In his 
address, "Land, Leadership and Lib- 
erty," he pointed out that ideas are 
powerful when followed by the mass. 
Either they lead people out of distress 
and improve conditions or into tragic 
ends. He cited the leadership theory 
of the present German, Italian and 
Japanese nations to prove the develop- 
ment of the latter. 

A. E. Madigan, Bradford county's 
representative in the General As- 
sembly, spoke briefly on general con- 
ditions facing the state as reflected in 
the General Assembly. 

Mrs. F. M. VanDyke, president of 
the county W. C. T. U., presented a 
fine address on the part the Grange 
and society in general should play to- 
ward cleaning up conditions in our 
military camps. 

Resolutions in regard to current 
agricultural difficulties, including 
farm labor and machinery shortages, 
and farm prices were adopted. A 
resolution opposing any reduction in 
the license fees for dealers of oleo- 
margarine, and one favoring legisla- 
tion that will increase the salaries of 
teachers of fourth class school dis- 
tricts, -were also adopted. 

The evening session, at which a 
varied program was presented, was 
well attended. Dinner and supper 
were served by the host Grange. 



BERKS COUNTY POMONA 
GUEST OF FLEETWOOD IN 
FIRST QUARTERLY MEET 

Berks County Pomona Grange held 
its first quarterly meeting in 1943 in 
Fleetwood Community Hall, March 6, 
as guest of Fleetwood Grange No. 
1839. Despite the handicaps of the 
weather a good representation from 
each Subordinate Grange attended. 

Highlights of the morning session 
were the address by the retiring Po- 
mona Master, C. Paul Leid, who 
served faithfully for four years, and 
installation of the new officers by 
George Schuler, of the host Grange. 
The new Master, F. Cover O'Flaherty, 
pointed out goals for the year and 
asked the cooperation of all officers 
and members. 



M 



TIGHT BINDING 



• n 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1943 



April, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



After a delicious lunch, committee 
meetings were held to discuss matters 
which will promote the interests of 

the Grange. 

The afternoon session was called to 
order by the Master, with all the new 
officers in their respective places. A 
report of the Resolutions Committee 
was made by John Blatt. The Lec- 
turer announced that a spelling bee is 
to be held at the June Pomona meet- 
ing, and Round Robin letters are to 
take the place of Grange visitations 
for the duration. 

The Master appointed a committee 
to extend sympathy to Mrs. George 
Schuler, who has been ill for some 
time. During the rendition of the 
program Mr. Schuler was presented 
with a bouquet of red carnations for 
Mrs. Schuler to show our desire for 
her speedy recovery and as a symbol 
of our appreciation for all the serv- 
ices she has given Berks County 

Grange. 

Fleetwood Grange presented a pro- 
gram of songs, special music, readings 
and a play. An address was given by 
the Rev. Clarence P. Rahn, of Laurel- 
dale, whose subject was "Old Horse- 
shoes." The program was concluded 
by singing the first verse of God Be 
With You 'Till We Meet Again. 



FAYETTE POMONA HAS 

GOOD ATTENDANCE 

Fayette County Pomona held their 
spring meeting on March 13. There 
was a very good attendance, the At- 
tendance Banner being won by Men- 
alien Grange. 

S. A. Harris, of Ridgeview Grange, 
was elected a member of the Execu- 
tive Committee for a three-year term. 
Written reports were received from 
each of the eighteen Subordinate 
Granges in the county. 

The guest speaker was Thomas 
O'Hara, head of the OPA in 
Fayette County. Visitors included 
patrons from Westmoreland, Wash- 
ington, and Greene Counties. The 
Pomona voted to purchase a $500 
Victory Bond while the Home Eco- 
nomics Committee bought a $25.00 
Bond and is planning to buy another 
one soon. 

It was decided to hold the June 
meeting in the Curfew Grange Hall 
on June 12. 



MY BIFOCALS 

By Barton Rees Pogue 

I've waited anxious years to get 

My bi-focals. 
Many years ago I desired a set 

Of bi-focals. 
But the spectacle-man said at forty- 
five 
Was soon enough for them to arrive— 
I lived, but only a life half-alive 

Without bi-focals. 

I can't tell whether, now that I've got 
'em. 
My bi-focals, 
I should stare through the top or glare 
through the bottom 
Of my bi-focals. 
I try the top lenses for reading the 

news, 
I blink through the bottom at the toes 

of my shoes, 
And try, vice versa, Hill I get so 
confused 
I'm bi-fuddled. 

My food looks fuzzy there on my plate, 

With these bi-focals. 
Those four wrinkled peas look like 
eight. 
With these bi-focals, 
I reach for the carrots and land m 

the roast, 
I butter my thumb instead of my 

toast 
And I never can scoop-up the thing I 
want most 
With these bi-focals. 



NEW LONDON GRANGE 
HAS TWENTY-TWO 

CANDIDATES 

New London Grange No. 1326 and 
Fernwood Grange No. 1329, of Ches- 
ter County, held a joint meeting to 
install their officers in New London 
Hall. The Master of New London 
Grange is William T. Jones, and his 
son, W. Elliot Jones, is Master of 
Fernwood Grange. Both father and 
son are past Masters of Marshalton 
Grange No. 1394. 

There was a large attendance from 
Fernwood, London Grove and High- 
land Granges. Paul Coates, Master 
of Pomona No. 3, was the installing 
officer, assisted by Musetta McClellan, 
Sister Davis, Jean Woodward, Laura 
Cook and Sister Chambers. 

A memorial service was held for 
Dolly Criswell, a member for over 
thirty years, and a Service Flag made 
by Gladys Peake was presented to the 
Grange for the ten boys and one girl 
in the armed forces. 

The names of twenty-two candidates 
were read by the secretary. When this 
class is initiated, it will make an in- 
crease of over 100 members within the 
year. 

Refreshments of various kinds of 
fruit were served by the Master and 
Ceres. 



And do I step out high and wide 

With these bi-focals? 
The sidewalk seems on the other side 

With these bi-focals. 
The next stair-step looks a flight 

away. 
But it wasn't a flight I took that 

first day, 
'Twas just a plain tumble, down an 
unpadded way — 
Seen through my bi-focals. 

My mouth flies open when I'm trying 
to read 
With my bi-focals. 
An insect protector will be my next 
need, 
Due to bi-focals, 
One part of the paper might as well 

stop, 
The up-stairs half of each page is 

a flop, 
I wish they'd print bottoms and leave 
off the top. 
Since I'm bi-focaled. 

The people that wear them once 
"seemed apart," 
With bi-focals. 
Those lenses seemed balm for the 
sorriest heart. 
Charmed bi-focals I 
But the spectacle-man, I see now, 

was right. 
Turn backward forever, Time, in 

your flight, 
And make me a boy for one endless 
night 
Without bi-focals. 

Above is printed the reading given 
by Brother Bloomgren at the 70th 
Annual State Grange Meeting. We 
had a number of requests for this 
piece. 



ated there was a decided decrease of 
the mastitis problem in the herds used 

in the study. 

The principal reason next to clean- 
liness was the duration of time the 
machine was left on the cow. When 
properly operated a milking machine 
should be left no longer than five 
minutes on the best cow in the herd 
and three to four minutes for the 
poor to average cows. As a help in 
solving the labor problem the few min- 
utes saved on the milking of each cow 
will, in the course of a year, amount 
to a number of hours. Incidentally, 
only one cow out of eight or ten cows 
is stripped in the Geneva herd. 

PENN STATE TESTS SHOW 

HOW TO SAVE MORE FUEL 

More power from less fuel is re- 
ported in a new bulletin of the Penn- 
sylvania Experiment Station entitled 
"Using the Tractor Efficiently." 

A. W. Clyde, professor of agricul- 
tural engineering and author of the 
bulletin, shows how it is possible for 
many farmers to perform light tasks 
with one-third less fuel through care- 
ful adjustment of the carburetor and 
operation of the tractor. 

Other subjects covered in the bul- 
letin include tractive efficiency, 
hitches and hitching, and care of air 
tires. Inspection and careful check- 
ing of tractor equipment at regular 
intervals, such as has been adopted by 
bus, truck, and air transport com- 
panies, is recommended to farmers 
and other tractor operators. 

BUY WELL-FITTED SHOES 

FOR MOST FOOT COMFORT 

Mabel Burseth 



Today, more than ever, it is im- 
portant to have good substantial shoes 
that fit and wear. The only way to be 
sure you get shoes that fit is to have 
your foot measured, try on the shoes, 
and walk around in them. Never 
rely on the size shoe you previously 
wore. The shoe may not have the 
same last or your feet may have 
changed. 

Foot comfort is needed on the 
home front and one way to achieve 
it is to have properly fitted shoes. 
Breaking in shoes is not necessary if 
they have been fitted correctly. You 
can tell whether you have been well 
fitted by examining your shoes after 
wearing them a couple of weeks. If 
they are evenly worn, you have fairly 
good proof that they fit right. 

Stockings of the right size also 
contribute to foot comfort. Hose that 
are too short do not give satisfactory 
wear or comfort. For most women, 
the foot of a stocking should be a half 
inch longer than the length of the 
foot. Stockings come in medium, 
short. Of long leg lengths. Buy the 
length that fits you best and your 
stockings will wear better. 



not allow it to soak. Soaking weak- 
ens the fibers. Squeeze the water re- 
peatedly through the blanket if you 
are washing by hand. If you are 
using the machine, do not crowd it. 
For blankets that have been brushed 
and aired at regular intervajs, a sec- 
ond suds may not be needed. How- 
ever, if the blanket is badly soiled, 
use a second suds. 

Rinse the blankets thoroughly in 
clear luekwarm water, changing as 
often as necessary to remove all traces 
of soap. Cold water and soap tend to 
make wool harsh and stiff. 

Dry wool blankets away from the 
heat. When washing them on a very 
warm, sunny day, hang them in the 
shade but in a light breeze. 

To store blankets, put them in 
sealed newspaper or paper bags at 
once after washing. Hang in roomy 
closets or put on closet shelves where 
they will not be packed too closely. 

SAVE POULTRY FEEDS 

BY AVOIDING WASTE 

Poultrymen can help to conserve 
feed materials and attain high ef- 
ficiency in meat and egg production j 
by using practices which will avoid 
waste. Feed waste begins at the feed 
hopper. The use of proper types of ' 
feed hoppers will save feed. Some- 
times slight changes in equipment 
will help to stop waste. Hoppers never 
should be filled more than three- j 
fourths of capacity. To much feed in 
the hopper encourages "billing out." 

Ample hopper space permits fowls, 
to feed more freely and reduces crowd- 
ing as the chickens seek the feed. One 
hundred laying hens need the equiva- 
lent of three hoppers 5 feet long if 
the fowls can eat from both sides of 
the equipment. Fifty chicks will get 
along all right for several weeks if 
they can eat from both sides of a 
feeder 2 feet long. That means 6 to 
8 such feeders for 250 to 350 chick 
After two weeks of age, the chicks 
will need twice as much space. When 
the chicks are 5 to 6 weeks old, hop- 
pers for adult birds can be used. 



Agriculture and Motor Trans 

portation 

By Fred Brenckman, 
Washington Representative of the National Grange 



MILKING MACHINE USE 

HAS EFFECT ON COWS 

I. E. Parkin 

A relationship between use of milk- 
ng machines and mastitis in the dairy 
herd has been revealed in a neighbor- 
ing state. Dr. A. C. Dahlberg of the 
New York State Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station at Geneva conducted a 
study of milking machine operation 
over a period of seven years. When 
milking machines were properly oper- 



CLEAN WOOL PROVIDES 

NO FOOD FOR MOTHS 

May D. Kemp 

Frequent sunning and airing fol- 
lowed by careful brushing discourages 
any moth that attempts to lay eggs 
in wool blankets. Brushing and air- 
ing also helps the wool fibers to spring 
back into their original positions. 

Wool blankets need more than this 
routine treatment, especially if they 
become soiled. They need washing 
which can be done successfully at 
home. Before washing them, remove 
all stains and mend any holes. Wash- 
ing will make the holes larger. 

Prepare suds of a neutral soap 

dissolved in lukewarm water. Sat- 

I urate the blanket in the suds, but do 



IN THE WAY OF NEWS 

Severe freezes in December and 
February ruined much of the Nev 
York State peach crop for 1943 by 
killing the blossom buds which would 
yield an estimated million and a half 
bushels of peaches, says the N. Y. 
College of Agriculture. 

More than 42,317,000 copies of in 
formational publications and pres^! 
releases of the Federal Government 
have been eliminated in adjusting 
government information operations to 
wartime needs, the Office of War In^ 
formation announces. Of the tola. 
reduction, publications account lOf 
34,528,000 copies and press release? 
for 7,789,000 copies. The Department 
of Agriculture has made the largest 
cut with the elimination of o^^^ 
16,000,000 copies of material a year. 

"A serious shortage of harness and 
harness parts needed for r^*^'^' 
exists and will become worse," "^y^^ 
Dinsmore, Secretary of the Horse 
and Mule Association of Ameri^' 
states. In view of these facts, tn 
most important job farmers can taK 
care of is to clean, oil and repair tn 
harness they have, and any extra na 
ness parts or straps they P^^^,' 
which will be needed to repair !«' 
sets." 

Total U. S. wool production 1^ 
year was 459,073,000 lbs. It incluaej 
the largest production of shorn a , 
the second largest crop of pulled ^ . 
on record. The average price in 1^^ 
was 40.1c ; in 1941 it was 35.5c. 



IX VIEW of the fact that a commit- 
tee of 48 members of the House is 
planning to call upon the President 
and possibly the heads of several 
agencies of the executive department 
of the Government in the near future 
to discuss ways and means of main- 
taining farm production, the National 
Grange respectfully submits the fol- 
lowing observations and recommenda- 
tions regarding motor transportation : 

1. Transportation of agricultural 
products is just as important as pro- 
duction. Production without trans- 
portation wastes the work of the 
farmer and the results of his effort. 
Not only does the farmer rely largely 
upon motor truck transportation to 
get farm products to market, but more 
than 50,000 communities in the 
United States depend upon motor 
trucks exclusively for all of their 
transportation needs, including the 
primary and processed products of 
the farm. Trucks used on farms and 
required to transport farm products 
to rail heads, concentration points and 
distribution centers, represent 25 per 
cent of the total of 4,800,000 motor 
trucks registered in the United States 
in 1943. 

2. The multiplicity of federal 
agencies presently seeking to regulate 
all transportation, including agri- 
cultural transportation, is a source of 
great annoyance to farmers, creating 
duplication of effort, unnecessary in- 
terference, confusion, and a state of 
more or less organized chaos. Scores 
of federal agencies are engaged in 
activities affecting agriculture, and 
particularly the vital element of trans- 
portation. It would be bad enough if 
bureaucratic regulation, control and 
influence were confined to the basic in- 
terests and activities of the individual 
federal agencies; but agricultural 
transportation, as well as that relating 
to industry, is today "between the 
stones" with federal agencies, within 
which there has been set up trans- 
portation machinery which duplicates 
the same functions. These conditions 
exist particularly between the follow- 
ing agencies: ICC, ODT, OPA, 
WPB, OCS, and probably two dozen 
others. Bureaucratic competition for 
control of transoprtation has brought 
consternation and confusion to agri- 
culture. This applies equally to the 
larmer, the processor, and the whole- 
sale and retail distributor. It extends 
irom the cow in the dairy farmer's 
'Ot to the bottle of milk or pound of 
pot cheese on the consumer's doorstep. 
We understand that the Board of In- 
vestigation and Research has made at 
'^ast a partial study of the overlap- 
ping influences and duplication of 
effort of federal agencies in the trans- 
portation picture. 

3. While the job done by ODT has 
jot been perfection itself and the 
warmers are still smarting under the 
effects of the well-known "Certificate 
01 War Necessity" debacle, it is our 
J,nderstanding that this agency, under 
Executive Order of the President, is 
Charged with the responsibility of 
[Maintaining all forms of transporta- 
tion, whether they serve agriculture 
J^not, at their highest point of ef- 
jciency. Without holding a brief for 
.y particular agency, it is the con- 
smered recommendation of the Grange 

lat something should be done to give 
^0 some agency, probably ODT, all 
.^ the authority needed to discharge 
^responsibilities in regulating trans- 
portation for the duration of the war. 



All other federal agencies should be 
required to "screen" through the Of- 
fice of Defense Transportation with 
respect to any of their transportation 
activities affecting agriculture. If 
ODT is the agency to do the job, 
then other agencies should keep out of 
the transportation picture, so far as 
direct contact with farmers and others 
is concerned. 

4. The production goals set by the 
Department of Agriculture for 1943 
call for off-the-farm movement to 
market, rail and processing plants of 
more than 19,000,000 tons of com- 
modities in excess of the average of 
63,000,000 tons for foodstuffs moving 
off the farms in the 1936-40 period. 
This obviously will require more 
trucks, more parts, more tires and 
more automotive supplies than were 
in use under normal conditions. This 
applies not only to farm trucks, but 
to the trucks which the farmer hires 
from transportation agencies, and to 
those used by processors and distrib- 
utors of farm products. The present 



In memonam 



WAITE 

Whereas, It has been the will of oui 
Heavenly Father to call from our midst 
Sister Margaret Walte, Lecturer of Half 
Moon Grange No. 290, a faithful worker and 
one we all profoundly miss. 

Resolved, That the sudden removal of 
such a rich life leaves a vacancy that will 
be deeply felt by family, Grangers, and 
friends and be it further 

Resolved, That the members extend their 
sincere sympathy to the bereaved family, 
that our charter be draped, a copy of reso- 
lutions be sent to the family, recorded in 
the minutes, and a copy be sent to the 
Pennsylvania Grange News. 

Harry Fisher, 
Candace Mattebn, 
Elwood Way. 

Committee. 
TOWNSEND 

Whereas, Our Heavenly Father has again 
entered our midst and called from his 
earthly labors our Brother Charles C. Town- 
send. 

Wherkas, Brother Townsend was a Past 
Master of Brandywine Grange No. 60, and 
of the Past Masters Association and was a 
Silver Certificate Member. In his thirty-six 
years of membership, Brother Townsend sel- 
dom missed a meeting of his own Grange 
or Pomona No. 3, and gave abundantly of 
his time and effort in doing for the welfare 
of both, always co-operating willingly and 
was looked up to for leadership and in- 
.-^piration. Brother Townsend was deeply 
beloved and highly respected by his fellow 
Grangers and will be greatly missed in the 
community. Brother Townsend was a mem- 
ber of the Executive Committee at the time 
of his death. 

Therefore, Be it Resolved, That we ex- 
tend to the bereaved family our heartfelt 
sympathy, drape our Charter for sixty days, 
that these Resolutions be written in our 
minutes, a copy be sent to the family and 
also the same be published in the Penn- 
sylvania Grange News. 

Martha Baldwin, 
Bertha O. Pibrcb, 
Marian S. Painter, 

Corrumittee. 
JOHNSTON 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst Brother 
George Johnston, a member of Venango 
Grange No. 910, 

Therefore, Be it Resolved, that we extend 
our deepest sympathy to the family, drape 
our charter for thirty days, record these 
resolutions in our minutes, and publish them 
in the Pennsylvania Grange News. 

Oboroanna McKat, 
Ooden C. Bole, 
Geo. E. McDonald, 
Comrmittee. 
CONNELLY 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst our 
Brother, Walter L. Connelly, a Seventh 
Degree member of Sullivan Grange No. 84 
and of Tioga County Pomona No. 30, 

Whereas, Brother Connelly was a faith- 
ful and devoted member, was our Treasurer 
for many years and conducted his office in 
a most honorable manner, be it 

Resolved, That this resolution be spread 
upon our minutes, a copy be mailed to the 
bereaved family and to the Pennsylvania 
Grange News. 

Lynn A. Williams, 
EvALYN B. Smith, 
Paul E. Jayne, 

Committee. 



pool of motor trucks and trailers 
available for all civilian uses amounts 
to a total of only 82,000 trucks of all 
sizes and descriptions together with 
6,000 trailers. There is need for the 
exercise of much discretion and sound 
judgment in the allocation of this 
limited supply of equipment to in- 
sure the transportation of farm prod- 
ucts, not only to the markets, rails 
and processing plants, but to the ul- 
timate consumer. 

5. Farm to market roads must be 
maintained at a level comparable to 
pre-war conditions. Farmers view 
with concern the fact that the roads 
over which they must transport their 
products are seriously deterioriating. 
Not only is the situation becoming 
critical so far as these roads are con- 
cerned, but we wish to stress the need 
for maintaining the efficiency of our 
entire highway system. No argument 
is needed to prove that it is vital to 
our war effort to maintain highway 
transportation at the highest possible 
degree of efficiency. Full speed ahead 
in the manufacture of synthetic rub- 
ber is a prime requisite in this con- 
nection. 



VEGETABLE OUTLOOK 

Despite present indications that 
food acreage this season will some- 
what exceed that of last season, as re- 
ported by the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture in its annual pre-season 
planting survey, leading eastern grow- 
ers remain deeply concerned over the 
current outlook for vegetable produc- 
tion. The Northeastern Vegetable & 
Potato Council declares that while 
the government crop estimate indicat- 
ing intentions of farmers to plant 
3,174,000 acres of white potatoes is 
most encouraging and represents a 
substantial increase over 1942 acre- 
age, this figure nevertheless falls 86,- 
000 acres short of the 1943 goal of 
3,260,000 acres, asked for by the Food 
Distribution Administration. This 



shortage in terms of bushels would 
approximate 11,000,000 bushels if 
average yields are secured. 

Attention is called to sweet potato 
planting intentions which, while in 
excess of 1942 acreage, fall 187,000 
acres, or 18.7% short of 1943 needs as 
determined by FDA. 

"We should not be lulled into a false 
sense of security by these and similar 
figures, nor should we relax for one 
moment our efforts toward getting 
Washington recognition for and co- 
operation with farmers' efforts to pro- 
duce to the maximum," the council 
states. "On the basis of the intention 
figures just released, vegetable and 
potato growers are to be highly com- 
mended for their response to appeals 
for more and more food in the face 
of ever-increasing production difficul- 
ties brought about by acute shortage 
of labor, scarcity and lowered quality 
of fertilizer and rapid wearing out of 
farm machinery." 

Vegetable and potato growers are 
fully as patriotic as any other group 
of Americans and they know that 
their product will be needed both in 
this country and abroad. However, 
they do not believe that consumers 
fully appreciate the vital importance 
of securing the greatest possible pro- 
duction to assure our nation an ade- 
quate food supply and to substitute 
»regetables for other foods which might 
be shipped abroad more conveniently. 

The real decision as to vegetable 
and potato acreage this year depends 
on the final action taken by OPA with 
regard to ceiling prices. Growers hope 
that OPA will realize the real im- 
portance of this situation and will 
establish ceiling prices which will en- 
courage growers to produce the maxi- 
mum acreage possible. 



In making jelly, remember that 
rapid boiling rather than long, slow 
cooking of the sugar and juice, and 
cooking in small rather than big lots, 
help to get a bright, clear product. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5,00 

Digest 60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3.OO 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy .40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4^00 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy .35 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3.25 

Constitution and By-Laws .20 

Degree Work, First 4 degrees by Dr. Rankin .50 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin 50 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony .15 

Song Books, "The Patron, *' board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen .go 

per dozen g.'oo 

per half dozen 3.00 

Dues Account Book .75 

Secretary 's Record Book .go 

Labor Savings Minute Book 2.75 

Treasurer 's Account Book .60 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 75 

The Grange Initiate, in lota of 25 70 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 2.76 

Roll Book 75 

Application Blanks, per hundred .45 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred .50 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty .25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred .40 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred .40 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred .30 

Treasurer *s Receipts .30 

Trade Cards, each .01 

Demit Cards, each .01 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) .15 

Grange Radiator Emblems .50 

Ohio State Grange Cook Books, each .75 

In ordering any of the above supplies, th^ cash must always accompany the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

Miles Hoest, Scoretary. 



;i 



TIGHT BINDING TEXT CUT OFF 



AGR ICULTURAl L [ 3RARY 
STATE COLLEGF PA 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



April, 1943 



U 



The Pennsylvania Pilgrim 



yy* 



JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER, 
I who sang the songs of snow and 
^ ice and springtime in New Eng- 
land, deviated from his preoccupation 
with the bleakness and beauty of his 
beloved Bay State long enough to 
write an epic poem about a great and 
little-known Pennsylvanian — the 
founder of Germantown, Francis 
Daniel Pastorius. Published in 1872, 
this work was entitled "The Pennsyl- 
vania Pilgrim," and because the title 
was so descriptive of the man— if not 
exactly of the poem— it has been bor- 
rowed to serve as a fitting title for 
4-1-1^0 sketch 

Whittier's Pastorius, as he moves in 
gentle grandeur through the rhymed 
triplets of this pleasant poetic exer- 
cise, is an almost incredible idealist. 
For this reason, perhaps, and per- 
haps too because of Whittier's own 
waning appeal to the popular fancy 
of this day, this sincere eulogy of a 
great man received but little recog- 
nition. Yet, in the life of Francis 
Daniel Pastorius there was much of 
the incredible and much more of the 

idealist. 

He was a man who left his native 
Germany under no compulsion and 
came out to the wilderness of Penn- 
sylvania not so much in the spirit of 
adventure as in the expression of 
faith in a literal New World. He was 
a man who lived and worked and 
died for but one cause: The recog- 
nition of and respect for the dignity 
of all mankind. He achieved many 
of his ideals— at least in his own lim- 
ited sphere — and laid the foundation 
for the subsequent realization of 
many more. For the rest, he was a 
curious human encyclopedia of an- 
tique and contemporary knowledge, 
all of which he dutifully recorded— 
using a free interchange of five lan- 
guages — in hundreds of thousands of 
finely written words. Most of these, 
still extant in manuscript form, were 
never published, although the reason 
is not quite clear. However, his claim 
to literary fame is well established, 
for it was Pastorius who wrote and 
published the first "Primmer" or 
English school textbook in Pennsyl- 
vania, plus an amazingly accurate de- 
scription of the Province, published 
in Germany in 1700. 

Francis Daniel Pastorius was born 
in Sommerhausen, Germany, on the 
twenty -sixth day of September, 1651. 
From his earliest youth, he was sur- 
rounded with the evidences of cul- 
tural and humanistic appreciation. As 
a young man he received a liberal 
education, and followed it with the 
study of law in Strasburg, Basle and 
Jena. He made the prescribed 
"Grand Tour" of the Continent and 
England, and then began the sonie- 
what haphazard existence of an itin- 
erant lawyer. The long periods of 
solitude between "stops" on h*is ex- 
tensive rounds led to the meditation 
that was to result in a firmly -grounded 
spiritual philosophy — and, eventually 
to the decision to emigrate to Amer- 
ica, where he could be far removed 
from the "vanities" of Continental 
society. 

So, in the year 1683, he was ready 
to sail for the New World as agent of 
the Frankfort Land Company, which 
had secured a grant of land from 
William Penn and was anxious to de- 
velop a community in the Province 
of Pennsylvania. Pastorius and his 
nine colonists arrived at Philadel- 



• One of a series of special newspaper 
features prepared by the Pennsylvania His- 
torical Commission. 



LIBRARY AND FILM SERVICES 



phia on August 20 of that same year. 
The following day he called on Wil- 
liam Penn and reached an agreement 
on the land to be developed. Two 
months later, Pastorius laid out 
what was to be "Germantown" and 
began the settlement. The township 
he divided into four communities, 
called Germantown, Krisheim, Cre- 
feld and Sommerhausen. Neighbors 
and sharers in the communal lot were 
settlers of the Crefeld Purchasers— a 
group of Low Dutch emigrants which 
embraced a variety of religious ten- 
ets. Now began the practical appli- 
cation of the young man's spiritual 
philosophy. He was insistent upon 
absolute toleration, and although he 
himself combined Lutheran principles 
with Quaker practices, he was quick 
to defend the basic rights of the many 
dissenting sects within his communi- 
ties. Germantown soon became 
known as the ideal settlement for all 
men who believed in the essential 
freedom of conscience, and conse- 
quently it flourished and grew. 

In i688 Pastorius made the most 
important single step of his life. He 
drew up a memorial against slave- 
holding, which was adopted by the 
Germantown Friends, sent to the 
Monthly Meeting and finally to the 
Yearly Meeting at Philadelphia. This 
was the first protest ever made by a 
religious body in America against 
negro slavery, and formed the basis 
of subsequent legislation. He also, 
about this time, in his voluminous 
correspondence with relatives and 
friends in the Old World, defended 
the American Indian against the un- 
just charges made by short-sighted 
Colonial ofiicials, and was one of the 
few men of the period who seemed to 
understand the child-like naivete of 
the so-called "savages." 

Meanwhile, he was busying himself 
with the administration of the com- 
munities, the writing, of innumerable 
papers and pamphlets on a variety ol 
subjects and the compilation of his 
amazing "notebooks"-^which seem- 
ingly contain references to almost ev- 
erything under the sun. Robert Bur- 
ton's famous "Anatomy of Melan- 
choly," while more coherent in subject 
and style and entirely alien to the 
plan of Pastorius' manuscript, offers 
some rough comparison. 

In his latter years, the "Pennsyl- 
vania Pilgrim" began teaching school 
for the children of his beloved Ger- 
mantown. The work of the founder 
was done. Yet constantly he admon- 
ished the younger folks to keep alive 
the spirit in which these American 
hearthstones had been laid. It was 
the spirit of democracy, the spirit of 
freedom under the laws of God, of 
toleration and of self-respect. Francis 
Daniel Pastorius was happy. He 
proved the scorned theory that all men 



Five new library and film services 
of the Pennsylvania State College, 
available to responsible organizations 
such as the Grange and local home 
economics clubs, are announced and 
briefly described in a new folder, now 
obtainable in quantity and without 

cost. 

The services are "packet libraries, 
music packets, traveling art displays, 
dramatics lending library, and film 
loans. All of these except the "packet 
library" and possibly the music pack- 
et are comparatively widely known. 
A packet library is an organized as- 
sortment of books, magazines, pam- 
phlets and photostated copies of cur- 
rent periodicals concerning a par- 
ticular subject. Packets are prepared 
on more than 150 different subjects. 
Music packets are comprised of 
sample copies of music — a sort of 
"try-before-you-buy" plan— and will 
be sent to responsible groups or or- 
ganizations for inspection and trial. 
When selections are made, additional 
copies may be purchased from pub- 
lishers cooperating with the Extension 
Services in this plan. The dramatics 
service is conducted in the same man- 
ner, and plays are compiled from a 
library of an estimated 7000 different 
stories and plots. 

Traveling art displays include re- 
productions and originals of the work 
of old European masters as well as 
contemporary American artists. The 
seven displays available include from 
10 to 24 pieces and are available for a 
nominal fee thruugh the Extension 
Library Services. 

Through the film library services 
are available 77 oflicial war films and 
more than 500 copies of educational 
and instructional films, all for use on 
16 mm. projectors. 

The following may be of interest to 
Grange and homemaker groups : Pack- 
ets: Careers in Agriculture, Careers 
in Home Economics, Child Health 
and Child Welfare, Community Co- 
ordination, Etiquette, Flower Ar- 
rangement, Seasonal Table Arrange- 
ments. Films: Ottawa on the River, 
Call For Volunteers, Tools of War, 
The Day Is New, Fiesta of the Hills, 
Safeguarding Military Information, 
Song Shorts, Target For Tonight. 

The folder describing these services 
may be obtained by writing the Ex- 
tension Library Services, Room 9, 
College Liii)rary, State College, Pa. 



HOME CANNED MEAT 

AID TO FAMILY MEALS 

Eleanor B. Winters 



SAFETY CODE 



may live in harmony and peace. 

Either pneumonia or tuberculosis 
finally ended the long and worthy life 
of this great champion of democracy. 
He died a few days after Christmas, 
1719, leaving two sons and his widow. 
Strangely, no one today knows where 
the man lies buried. Probably his 
grave is in the old Friends' Burying 
Ground in Germantown. Some day 
this may be known for a certainty, 
and the grateful citizens of the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania may 
pause in silent tribute before the final 
reating place of a man whose name is 
among the highest of those who 
handed down our present-day heritage 
of Pennsylvania, Keystone of Democ- 
racy. 



^fany farm families will have boys 
and girls from cities assisting with 
food production this year. Most of 
these young people will be iptieetfng 
rural life and its duties for the first 
time. They will be inexperienced in 
the use and care of the farm and 
home equipment. 

In order to keep accidents at a 
minimum, every rural individual 
should do everything possible to ac- 
quaint these young people with haz- 
ards on the farm, believes Miss Edith 
Morton, of t-he Pennsylvania State 
College. Only by everyone assuming 
these responsibilities can life and 
property be conserved. 

A safety code in the home will help 
prevent accidents. Every one must 
be on the alert. Experienced persons 
can teach others the use and care of 
equipment, the dangers existing, and 
how to eliminate as many hazards as 
possible. Set your goal so that these 
boys and girls can return to their 
homes wiser, healthier, and happier 
than when they came at the beginning 
of the summer. 



It's not only economical but patri- 
otic these days for farm families to 
produce and preserve the home meat 
supply whenever possible. 

Any of the meats, such as beef, veal, 
mutton, lamb, pork, or poultry may 
be canned successfully at home. The 
pressure cooker is recommended for 
meat canning, however, the water bath 
may be used. If the water bath is 
used, extreme care must be taken 
throughout the entire canning process. 
Also when the meat is opened, it must 
be cooked 10 minutes before using or 
tasting. 

To insure a satisfactory canned 
product, the animal must be properly 
butchered, cut, and chilled to remove 
all traces of body heat. 

Pint jars are most desirable for 
canning meat although quart jars can 
be used. Never use a jar larger than 
a quart. Add a half teaspoon of salt 
to each pint of meat. 

Meat may be packed into jars either 
raw or precooked. Precooking can be 
done in the oven, or in water, or in a 
frying pan. WTien the meat is pre- 
cooked and packed hot, the time it 
takes to start the actual processing is 
shortened. Browning meat makes it 
taste more like roast meat than stewed 
meat. If the meat is browned in a 
frying pan, be careful not to cook it 
too long, for long cooking makes the ' 
meat hard and sometimes dry. Pack 
pieces of meat into the jar but not 
too tightly. Use liquid from the pre- 
cooking to fill the jar. 

When meat is fried or precooked in 
the oven, there may be only enough 
liquid to partly fill the jar. If you 
add water to fill the jar, the canned 
product will have the flavor of stewed 
meat. Some juice will come out of 
the meat during the processing. The 
meat will shrink somewhat because of 
extraction of juice, but will not affect 
its keeping qualities. 

Precooking meat in water allows 
plenty of liquid to fill the jar to a 
half inch of the top. This head space 
of a half inch is particularly impor- 
tant when canning meat. 

After the jars are filled, clean the 
edges before putting the tested rubber 
in place. Only partly seal the jars 
and process according to the recom- 
mended time. Process pint jars for 
60 minutes and quart jars for TO 
minutes in the pressure cooker at 15 
pounds pressure. If the hot water 
bath is used, process pint jars for 180 
minutes and quart jars for 200 min- 
utes. 

Frozen meat can be canned but it 
does not produce a product of high 
qualitv. Do not thaw out the meat 
before canning but cut or saw it into 
pieces, plunge into boiling water, and 
cook until the color of raw meat has 
disappeared. Follow the same pack' 
ing and processing procedure as S^^^^ 
for other meat. 



WAR ON RODENTS 

War against rats and mice helps ^J 
conserve feed. It is estimated that 5 
pounds of feed are required to suppo^ 
one rat for a year. Every eftor 
should be made to keep rats out o 
poultry houses and the feed storagf' 



POWER OF PRICE 

Whoever writes the law or whoever 
administers it should never fojf^ 
that any price control policy whic 
will not enable farmers to produ 
freely will cause food shortages an 
result in inflation. 




Entered a8 second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrlsburg. Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL. XL 



AWfrUlTWWL LfBRARV HARRISBURG, PA., MAY, 1943 

THFPFM.T^V|y^^;.^ -if T : ill... 



No. 2 



The Man Power Problem 

As Agriculture Sees It 

From an Address hy State Master Bagshaw before the United States 

Chamber of Commerce on April 27th 



A MERICAN Agriculture, long 
j\ famous for its efficiency, now 
faces the task of increasing pro- 
duction under very adverse conditions. 
Our American farmers have been 
asked to produce an abundant supply 
of food and fiber not only for civilian 
America and our armed forces, but 
for the populations of our Allied 
Countries as well. This calls for a 
production far in excess of any past 
achievement. Under normal condi- 
tions these requirements could be 
met; but the production difficulties 
now surrounding the far.mer are rap- 
idly becoming more acute. 

Many agricultural leaders through- 
out the nation have persistently 
pointed to the inevitable days of 
scarcity which are bound to follow 
as a result of our national agricul- 
tural policy which does not permit 
the farmer to receive a compensatory 
price for his product in the market 
place. This discrimination against 
agriculture has made it utterly im- 
possible for the American farmer to 
compete with industry in the labor 
market of the nation, and as a result 
of the higher wages and shorter hours 
of industry along with military con- 
scription the farms of America have 
lost an estimated two million workers. 

Many of these men were experi- 
enced and skilled in the art of agri- 
culture and in the operation of mech- 
anized equipment. They are gone 
and cannot be replaced. The result 
is inevitable — shortage of manpower, 
less production. Under normal con- 
ditions a manpower shortage on our 
farms could be partly overcome by 
using more labor-saving machinery. 
This is impossible due to the curtail- 
ment in the manufacture of farm 
equipment and machinery. This 
shortage of manpower and machinery 
on our farms will dwarf any attempt 
to produce the unprecedented food 
supply called for by our government 
and so badly needed in the war effort. 

This alarming condition is largely 
due to the curtailment of price rises 
for agricultural products. While in- 
dustry offered higher wages with 
shorter hours, the farm income did 
not permit the farmer to meet or 
compete with the industrial wages 
paid in the nearby city. 

Tha manpower problem in the 
nation as seen by agriculture could 
be greatly improved by increasing the 
hours of industrial labor wherever 



cation and waste of manhours. All 
duplication of effort, whether in gov- 
ernment or in private busines, should 
be stopped immediately. 

The waste of manpower entailed in 
the needless manufacture and sale of 
alcoholic beverages at this time when 
every manhour is needed in agricul- 
ture and in essential industry is a 
blot upon our integrity and should 
likewise be stopped. This vast army 
in conjunction with many others of 
our citizens should join the ranks of 
essential producers on farms, in fac- 
tories or be inducted into our armed 
forces. 

The manpower problem, as seen by 
agriculture which has lost so many of 
its essential and highly skilled men, 
means too many untilled acres and 
too many empty or half-filled barns 
and bins and too many empty shelves 
in the grocery store and American 



homes. This is the manpower picture 
as agriculture sees it at this critical 
time when we have an unprecedented 
need and demand for food and fiber. 

Many years ago James J. Hill, of 
Railroad fame was quoted as follows : 
"America, where are we going? 
Neither Army, Navy nor combination 
or diversity of manufacture, none 
other than the farm is the anchor 
which will hold through the storms 
of time that sweep all else away. Our 
American farmers are not drawers of 
water, nor hewers of stone; but archi- 
tects of the world's destiny and day 
by day they go about writing their 
epic — we serve that men might have 
their daily bread." 

Yes, none other than the farm is 
the anchor which will hold through 
the storms of time that sweep all 
else away. Did James J. Hill foresee 
this great deluge of destruction when 
skyscrapers may crumble into dust 
and fleets sing beneath the waves? 
Was this the picture that he in fancy 
saw when he said "none other than the 
farm is the anchor which will hold 
through the storms of time that sweep 
all else away"? 

(Concluded on page H.) 



ii 



See the Chaplain 



99 



By Ross M. Haverfield, Chaplain, U. S. Army Post Chaplain, Pennsylvania 

State Grange 



BFFORE entering the service as 
a Chaplain, I had heard of the 
slogan among the soldiers, "See 
the Chaplain," but since I have had 
the privilege of serving at an army 
post on the western coast of our coun- 
try, T realize now that this is exactly 
what they do. Hundreds of fine 
young red-blooded men have come in- 
to my office for private consultations. 
These soldiers have many serious 
problems, and their Chaplain is the 
one officer to whom they may go di- 
rectly and with whom they may con- 
verse as "man to man." 

In the intimacy of the Chaplain's 
office, and with the confidence in the 
Chaplain which has been fostered by 
our government, the Chaplain be- 
comes the spiritual guide and coun- 
sellor of our splendid American sol- 
diers. These men who go to "see the 
Chaplain" are away from home, away 
from their church, and away from 
the normal environment in which 
they grew to manhood. In the midst 
of the regimented life of tlie army, 
with its regulations and discipline, 
its uncertainties and its temptations, 
these men often become greatly con- 
fused, and restless. They "see the 
Chaplain" and they pour out their 



"v.«.o yj^ iiiuuatiiai lau^.. «x.x,xv,,^. problems and tell him their "gripes," 
possible and by eliminating all dupli- [ and the Chaplain gives them a word 



of encouragement, or attempts to en- 
large their vision and to strengthen 
their faith in God and in the reali- 
ties of life, and the men go out with 
a new courage. OtTier men are heart- 
sick and home-sick, and sometimes 
with big honest tears in their eyes, 
they go to "see the Chaplain," and to 
share with him a burden that is too 
heavy for them to carry alone. Again 
the Chaplain, ministering in the 
name of Him who is the Friend of 
all, gives these soldiers the fortitude 
and patience necessary to sustain 
those who must live apart from their 
loved ones and who must bear the 
trials and tribulations of war. 

And still others come to "see the 
Chaplain" to confess their sins. There 
are many subtle and vicious tempta- 
tions in army life, the temptation to 
drink, to be profane, to commit 
adultery, and to neglect the spiritual 
nurture of the soul through prayer 
and devotion. But God is merciful 
and forgiving, and when men come 
in penitence, how abundantly He 
blesses them and helps them to be- 
come better men in word and thought 
and deed! Here the Chaplain, who 
has been described as "God's man" is 
able to deal with sin in its awful 
ugliness, and pray for the grace of 
God to make thesq men to be "more 




Ross M. Haverfield 

than conquerors" through the power 
of the Holy Spirit. 

But not all men come to "see the 
Chaplain" because they are in grief 
or sin, but because they love the 
church and have grown up in its 
sacred traditions, and the Chaplain 
is the bond that keeps them in contact 
with the church of their choice and 
actively interested in the faith of 
their fathers. Surely the Church, 
Catholic, Prot€>8tant, or Jewish, 
should be profoundly grateful to this 
government which has not only recog- 
nized religion, but which is actively 
sponsoring the preservation of re- 
ligion on our army posts and on our 
far-flung battle-lines. Our army 
chapels, with their tepires pointing 
heavenward, are typical of all that 
is noblest and best in our American 
wdy of life, and the Chaplains who 
have been commissioned to serve in 
the United States Army represent 
able and well-trained and fully or- 
dained clergymen and priests and 
rabbis, who have been set aside by 
their churches for this unusual min- 
istry of love and of unselfish and 
fearless service. And the men of our 
armed forces are coming in g^eat 
numbers to "see the Chaplain" — 
their spiritual leader, their confi- 
dante, and their friend. 

But if the Chaplain could invite 
those of you back home "to see the 
Chaplain," and if he could have the 
opportunity of sitting down with you 
in his office, there are some things he 
would like to tell you, and some coun- 
sel he would like to give you. You 
can help the Chaplain far more than 
many of you realize. Let me mention 
a few things: 

1. Keep mail going to your sona 

(Concluded on page 2.) 





I 



m 



TIGHT BINDING TEXT CUT OFF 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1943 




FOOD FOR VICTORY 



'"^^^- -A\\ 




Eight million American fighting 
men are depending upon us for 
food. 

Thirty-five million families M'ork- 
ing to win at home must be fed. 

And our Allies, busy with battle, 
need all we can add to their food 
supplies. 

So the world is looking to the 
American farmer. 

And to the railroads as well. For 
this food must be taken where it 
is needed— must be moved swiftly 
and constantly to city and sea- 
port. 

And along with it, planes, guns, 
tanks and other war goods to back, 
up American courage on every 
front. 

It adds up to the fabulous total 



Americ/iiv 




of a million and a third tons 
moved a mile every minute, day 
and night. 

To move it, a heavily loaded 
freight train gets started on its 
run every four seconds. 

It means that 1942 freight move- 
ment exceeded that of 1941 by 
34% — with very little new or ad- 
ditional equipment. 

This was made possible because 
railroad men — in the ofiices, in 
the shops, in the yards, and on 
the road — have been working to 
get the most service out of rail- 
road plant, power and equipment 
— realizing that, while this victory 
will be won first and above all by 
fighting men and fighting equip- 
ment, these must be backed up 
by transportation that^s doing a 
fighting job. 



Bmlroads 




vaSi 



THE CHAPLAIN' 

REV. W. D 



S MEDITATION 

KEEMER 




MEMORIAL DAY 

In Matthew, the thirteenth verse of 
the twenty-sixth chapter, we find these 
words : "Wheresoever this gospel shall 
be preached, in the whole world, there 
shall also this, that this woman hath 
done, be told for a memorial of her." 

Another Memorial Day will soon be 
here, and we sincerely trust that all 
our Patrons will take time to pause 
long enough to pay tribute to the 
memory of those who have made the 
supreme sacrifice that our nation 
might live. 

We can scarcely understand why 
any thoughtful person should be so 
unappreciative as to fail to attend 
some memorial service and help to 
place flowers on the graves of our 
fallen heroes. 

It was a tribute to those noble 
women of the South who, soon after 
the Civil War had ended, were placing 
flowers on the graves of those who 
had worn the gray, and in the kind- 
ness of their hearts shared them with 
those who had worn the blue. This 
story of their unselfish love will al- 
ways be told as a memorial of them, 
and we sincerely believe their tribute 
to those who had been their enemies 
has been one of the greatest factors in 
uniting this nation. 

It is very commendable that the 
citizens of almost every community 
make an honest effort to beautify the 
Silent Cities of the dead and strew 
flowers on the graves of those "we 
have loved long since and lost awhile." 
As each Memorial Day increases the 
number of those to be remembered 
who have given their lives that our 
country might live, there comes to us 
the deeper responsibility of doing our 
best to honor their memory. 



The disciples of Jesus were indig- 
nant with the woman who broke the 
alabaster box of costly ointment and 
poured it on the head of her Lord and 
Master, but He commended her and 
said, "She hath wrought a good work 
upon me by anointing my body for 
my burial." Some people seem in- 
clined to think that those who do 
much for a noble cause, or even give 
their lives to defend a principle which 
they believe to be right, are suffering 
an unnecessary loss, but no service 
rendered to God and humanity is ever 
wasted. '' 

May we not forget to give some of 
our flowers to the living on this Me- 
morial Day, and every day, for some 
hearts are yearning for a word of ap- 
preciation which is so often withheld 
until it cannot be heard. 

A man was telling his dying moth- 
er how much he loved her, and how- 
good she had always been to him, and 
she, with a touch of sadness in her 
voice, said, "Why did you never tell 
me before, for it would have meant 80 
much to me?" 

AVe i)reach our own funeral ser- 
mons and write our own epitaphs as 
we live our daily lives, and our fellow- 
men will remember us only by the 
service we have given to others. 

I would rather have a cheap bouquet, 

Given to me with love today. 

Than all the flowers that you might 

heap 
Over my grave when I am asleep. 

I would rather listen to words of 

cheer, 
Spoken to me while I can hear. 
Than volumes of praise that might be 

said. 
Over my form when I am dead. 



NO GAS REQUIRED 

In some Grange communities a sys- 
tem has been arranged whereby a big 
farm wagon, horse-drawn, makes a 
tour of the neighborhood and takes 
the members to Grange meetings — no 
gas or tires involved. Farmers take 
turns furnishing horsepower and the 
plan works out well in some places, it 
is reported. 



Hundreds of Victory Gardens this 
season, in village and city localities, 
will be sui)ervised by farmers and 
Grange leaders, eager thus to encour- 
age maximum food production. 



Juvenile Grange members find that 
war stamps soon become war bonds, 
and these Grange youngsters are do- 
ing a great work. ' 



"SEE THE CHAPLAIN" 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

and to those who are near and dear 
to you who are in the armed forces. 
Mail builds morale, and morale wins 
battles, not only actual battles on the 
field, but moral battles in the heart. 
But be very careful what you write. 
Do not worry the soldiers with your 
domestic problems and be cautious 
about writing concerning illness in 
the family. Enclose clippings of 
news items from the local papers, and 
slip in snapshots of his family or 
friends. 

2. Put something in the letter to 
make him laugh, and always try to 
challenge him to be a good soldier. 
Let him know how proud you are of 
him and of the progress he is making. 
Of course you miss him at home, but 
do not tell him so, unless you want 
to make him home-sick. 

3. Send him little gifts or some 
candy bars, and to enclose a little 
extra money once in a while, is very 
good for the morale of a soldier. He 
may not bo "broke," but the fact that 
you sent it gives him a thrill. 

4. Encourage his church and his 
pastor or his Young Peoples' Society 
to keep in touch with him. Just a 
card means a lot, and he will probably 
come to "see the Chaplain" and tell 
him about it. 

5. Above all else, let him know you 
and your comunity are supporting the 
war effort, turning out material and 
supplies, buying war bonds, and not 
complaining about rationing of gaso- 
line or food. Back him up. He needs 
you and your prayers. < 



As your former State Chaplain, I 
send you my cordial greetings, and 
when your boys leave for the service, 
tell them to "see the Chaplain." And 
may this be our united prayer — 

"Oh, make us worthy, God, we pray, 
To do Thy service here today; 
P'ndow us with the strength we need 
For every sacrificial deed!" • 



STRAWBERRY RETURN 

GREATER LAST YEAR 

The average return from an acre 
of strawberries produced for market 
last year in Pennsylvania was $323, 
according to compilations of the Fed- 
eral-State Crop Keporting Service. 
That figure compares with an average 
return of $223 in 1941 and the pre- 
vious 10-year average of $153. Al- 
though the acreage last year was 
reduced to 3,900 from 4,100 acres a 
year previously, production was con- 
siderably greater because of the higher 
yield. Total production is placed at 
332,000 twenty-four quart crates com- 
pared with 287,000 crates a year ear- 
lier and the previous 10-year average 
of 252,000 crates from an average of 
3,800 acres. Yields per acre are placed 
at 85 crates last year, 70 crates in 
1941 and an average of 66 crates over 
the previous 10 years. The average 
price per crate last year was $3.80 
compared with $3.20 in 1941 and an 
average of $2.30 over the previous 10 
years. 

Total value of last year's crop is 
placed at $1,262,000 compared with 
$918,000 in 1941 and an average of 
$584,000 over the previous 10 years. 



May, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



QflENCE FIGHTS PLANT 

DISEASES CARRIED BY SEED 

JUST as physicians prevent much 
human illness by use of medicines, 
so plant pathologists help avoid 

nd control numerous maladies by 
use of chemical disinfectants to treat 
seeds and soil. _ 

Wheat and other grains are attacked 
by smut and seedling blight; cotton 
by sore-shin and angular leaf -spot; 
vegetables and flowers by damping off; 
apple trees by blights; tomatoes by 
anthrac-nose; potatoes by black scurf 
and scab ; peanuts by seed decay ; and 
other growing plants by other mal- 
adies. /• 1 Ti. • 

Plant diseases often are fatal. It is 
estimated that 25,000,000 bushels of 
wheat and a like quantity of oats are 
lost each year in this country through 
smut diseases alone; the dockage of 
smutty grains amounts to millions 

Plant diseases of all kinds are said 
to cause an average annual loss of 
about $200 on each American farm, 
a total of well over a billion dollars. 
Much of this loss could be prevented 
by crop rotation, removal of crop 
refuse, use of disease-resistant varie- 
ties, spraying, dusting, soil treatment, 
and seed disinfection. 

The most common reason for a dis- 
eased plant is infection either by bac- 
teria or germs or by fungi or molds. 
For instance, fire blight or twig blight 
of apple trees is due to an infection 
by a germ which establishes itself in 
the tissues of the tree. Similarly, a 
fungus or mold that enters and feeds 
on the wheat plant from within causes 
smut. 

How science discovered some im- 
portant facts about wheat smut is an 
interesting bit of history. About 1670, 
a sailing vessel loaded with wheat ran 
into a storm and was grounded near 
Bristol, England. English grain grow- 
ers were suffering heavy losses from 
smut, a mysterious disease for which 
no control had been discovered. Farm- 
ers living along the coast salvaged 
some of the grain from the wreck. 
They found it too saturated with sea 
water to use for flour, so planted it 
as seed. 

The soaked seed produced wheat 
that was fairly free from smut while 
nearby fields were heavily diseased. 
During the next century, sprinkling 
wheat with brine was a common prac- 
tice. 

Today, research has determined that 
the disease is caused by fungi which 
reproduce themselves and live over 
from year to year by means of micro- 
scopic bodies known as spores that are 
often present on the surface of the 
seed. 

Control is easy and inexpensive. If 
the seed is disinfected with a chem- 
ical strong enough to kill the smut 
spores on the surface, the life line of 
the fungus is broken, and the crop is 
free from smut. Modern disinfectants 
provide almost 100 per cent control at 
a cost of less than two cents per 
bushel of seed grain treated. 

The best known treatment is ethyl 
niercury phosphate, which, being vola- 
tile, gives off disinfecting vapors. Be- 
cause these vapors penetrate the mass 
of seed and surround each one, a rela- 
tively small amount of the powder 
suffices to treat a large quantity. 
Orain treatments of this sort have not 
only reduced the cost of dry disinfec- 
tion, but have eliminated much of the 
labor and time involved. 

Cereals constitute only one of the 
"^^iiy types of plants attacked by 
seed-borne and soil-borne diseases 
^vhich can be controlled or eliminated 
I'y disinfectants. Fortunately, there 
IS a seed disinfectant for nearly every 
^a.lor crop. There are several organic 




Care of Your 



MILKER UNI 



^VASHING and sterilizing plays the most important part 
in the care of electric milker units. 

1. Immediately after milking, draw 3 gallons of cold or 
lukewarm water through teat-cups and tubes. Raise teat- 
cups every few seconds. Use fresh water for each unit. 

2. Brush and wash pail, head, claw, teat-cups and rubber 
parts with hot water to which soapless cleanser has been 




Wash parts with special 
brushes, never with a cloth. 




3.Rinse all parts with clean, hot water. 

4. Sterilize with 1 of the following: 
Electric sterilizer. 
Chlorine— 200 parts per million. 

Lye— V4 of \% solution (rubber 

parts only). 
Boiling water — parts must be 

immersed at least 2 minutes. 
Live steam for at least 15 seconds. 

5. Store in a clean, dry place — or 
place inflations and gaskets in jar 
containing fresh lye or chlorine 
solution. 

6. Before milking, rinse all parts in 
chlorine solution. Clean vacuum 
hose monthly with special brush. 
AVOID MILKSTONE by immedi- 
ate rinsing and washing of every- 
thing that milk touches. 







Use o specially de- 
signed brush for 
cleaning pails. 



added. Use special brushes, never a cloth. Wash outside 
and inside. Keep under water. Don't let water remain 
between liner and shell. 

3. Reassemble. Draw through 2 gallons of scalding 
water. Don' t raise teat-cups. 

4. Dry pail and inverted head on rack. 

5. Place teat-cup assembly on solution rack or hang where 
it will drain and dry and not be exposed to dirt and dust. 

6. Just before milking, drain solution from teat-cups and 
milk tubes. 

7. Draw IVi gallons of chlorine solution (100 parts of 
chlorine per million of water) through teat-cups before 
milking. Take teat-cup assembly apart, inspect and clean 
at least twice a week. Remove any dirty coating on out- 
side of rubber tubes by submerging for 10 minutes in a 
2% lye solution at about 150" F. Rinse; brush clean. 



Cleaning short tube machines: 

1, Immediately after milking, snap the unit apart. Toss 
inflations, lids and lid gaskets into clean, cold water. Lift 
off pulsator and put away (do not wash). Thoroughly 
rinse pails with clean, cold water. 

2. Scrub parts with hot water to which has been added a 
good alkali washing powder. Never use soap. Use brushes 
provided by manufacturer. Clean check valve opening 
on pail lid. 



Remove tubes from nip- 
ples with straight pull. 




fREE TO FARMERS! 




**How to Care for 
Farm Electric 

Equipment" 



Tells you the what . . . why . . . 
and how of proper care. Mail a 
penny postcard now to Penn- 
sylvania Electric Associa- 
tion, Rural Dept., Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania. 



Electric Companies of Pennsylvania 



MEMBERS OF PENNSYLVANIA ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION • HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA 



mercury compounds, each of special 
value as a fungicide and protectant 
for certain diseases of specific crops. 
Kecently, search for a suitable non- 
metallic chemical compound for use 
as a seed disinfectant has been suc- 
cessful. A new compound containing 
tetramethyl thiuramdisultide, trade- 
marked "Arasan," is now Olfered for 
peanuts, vegetables, and certain other 
crops. Recently announced is anew 
non-mercurial turf fungicide contain- 
ing tetramethyl thiuramdisulfide, 
trade-marked ''Tliiosan," to control 
brown patch and dollar spot diseases 
in the bent grasses generally used for 
golf courses. — Du Pont News Release. 



COSTS OF WAR 

War expenditures by the United 
States government reached a new high 
of $7,112,000,000 in the month of 
March. This was $1,031,000,000, or 
17.0 per cent, higher than in Feb- 
ruary. The previous high for monthly 
war expenditures, January, 1943, was 
exceeded by 13.7 per cent, or $858,- 
000,000. 

The average daily rate of expend- 
itures in March was $263,400,000 com- 
l)ared with $253,400,000 in February, 
an increase of 4 per cent. The daily 
rate is based on the twenty-seven days 
in March and the twenty-four days in 



February on which checks were 
cleared by the Treasury. 

From July 1940 through March 
1943, the United States government 
disbursed $87,700,000,000 for war pur- 
poses. 



POTATO ACREAGE 

TO BE INCREASED 

Acreage planted to potatoes this 
year in Pennsylvania will be increased 
10 per cent above that of last year if 
growers are able to carry out their 
present intentions reported by a Fed- 
eral-State Crop Reporting survey. 






Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1943 



Pennsylvania Farm Notes 



LIVESTOCK PRICES 

SHOW ADVANCE 

The average price of milk cows in 
Pennsylvania advanced from $105 to 
$141 during the past year, the price 
of horses jumped from an average of 
$118 to $136, and mules went from an 
average of $120 to $145, according to 
the latest reports of the State Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. The average 
price of milk cows for the years from 
1910 to 1914, which is the period 
adopted for the establishment of par- 
ity prices, is $51.44. 

The index of prices paid Pennsyl- 
vania farmers increased six points 
during the month ended March 15. 
The general level in mid-March was 
189 per cent of the 1909-1914 aver- 
age. The advance from February 15 
wiped out the decrease of two points 
during the previous month and re- 
stored the index to a level four points 
above that of January 15. 

The United States index of prices 
paid, interest, and taxes rose one 
point during the month ended March 
15, continuing the upward trend of 
the past two years. At 161 per cent 
of its 1910-14 level, it was 11 points 
above a year ago and the highest since 
June 1930. Therefore, farm product 
prices for the country as a whole av- 
eraged about 113 per cent of parity 
in mid-March, compared with 111 per 
cent in mid-February. 

Following are Pennsylvania prices 
with comparisons: 

Mar. 15 Feb. 15 Mar. 15 
1942 1943 1943 

Wheat. Bu $1.19 

Corn, Bu 93 

Oats, Bu 59 

Barley, Bu 75 

Rye, Bu 83 

Buckwheat, Bu 70 

Potatoes, Bu 1.10 

Apples, Bu 1 .20 

Hay, Ton 13.90 

HoRS, Cwt 12.60 

Beef cattle. Cwt 10.40 

Veal calves, Cwt 13.40 

Sheep, Cwt 5.00 

Lambs, Cwt 10.90 

Chickens, Lb 209 

Turkeys. Lb 27 

Milk, wholesale, Cwt. .. 2.70 

Milk, retail, Qt 129 

Butter, Lb 36 

Butterfat. Lb 36 

Eggs, Doz 279 

Wool, Lb 43 



ninth in milk production among all 
the states. 

In commenting on the compilations. 
Secretary Horst of the State Depart- 
ment of Agriculture said, "These out- 
standing records present forcible evi- 
dence of the determination of the 
farmer to meet every wartime demand 
in food production and that he will 
carry on to the utmost limits of his 
ability to provide the unprecedented 
needs. The farmer was asked to in- 
crease milk production and the rec- 
ords show his noble response. These 
records were established against ter- 
rific odds. 

"As the year advanced the labor 
shortage became more and more seri- 
ous and today has reached the critical 
stage. With heavy reductions having 
been made in the quantities of manu- 
factured farm equipment the procure- 
ment of needed machinery proved a 
serious handicap, but the farmer nev- 
ertheless made this remarkable con- 
tribution to the war effort. It was 
done by vastly increased hours of 
labor for the farmer and the members 
of his family and exceedingly hard 
work. Just how long the farmer shall 
be able to keep up the pace is a situa- 
tion which must be faced today. Prac- 
tically all of his problems are greater 
low than they were last year, the labor 
situation particularly presenting a 
critical situation." 



methods of exposure were used, in- 
cluding contaminated litter, which is 
the way chickens ordinarily become 
infected. 

The medicated mash given to young 
chickens for 3 days before and for 14 
days after they were exposed to the 
infection sharply reduced mortality. 
Chickens so treated developed good re- 
sistance and the treatment had no 
noticeable effect on normal growth of 
the birds. 



♦1.35 


$1.41 


1.01 


1.04 


.62 


.66 


.81 


.84 


.85 


.88 


.88 


.89 


1.40 


1.70 


1.35 


1.60 


13.90 


14.70 


15.40 


15.60 


13.10 


13.40 


16.90 


17.00 


6.60 


6.80 


13.90 


14.00 


.259 


.278 


.36 


.365 


3.25 


3.25 


.139 


.131 


.51 


.52 


.50 


.50 


.362 


.353 


.44 


.45 



"SULFA" DRUG 

PROTECTS CHICKENS 

One of the "sulfa" group of drugs, 
so valuable in human medicine, is also 
helpful in preventing coccidiosis, a 
serious parasitic disease of chickens. 
Rex W. Allen and Marion M. Farr, 
parasitologists of the U. S. Depart- 



INTERSTATE FARMERS' 

COUNCIL MEETS 

The Interstate Farmers' Council, 
at a meeting of its Executive Com- 
mittee in Baltimore, accepted two ad- 
ditional farm organizations as mem- 
bers. 

Announcing that the two new mem- 
bers are the Virginia State Dairy- 
men's Association of Blacksburg and 
the Pennsylvania State Nurserymen's 
Association of Dresher, P. C. Turner, 
president, said this brings the Coun- 
cil membership to a total of 34 agri- 
cultural organizations and farm co- 
operatives. 

These organizations, he added, rep- 
resent a total of ,375,000 farmers in 
Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, 
Delaware, and Pennsylvania. "They 
have come together," he continued, 
"to guard against the ambitious 
schemes of any labor dictator to gain 
control of transportation, processing 
and distribution of food products." 

Interstate Farmers' Council was 
started almost a year ago at the time 
when John L. Lewis was starting his 
drive to organize dairymen into a unit 
of his United Mine Workers. Reports 
at the executive committee meeting 
indicated that Lewis has made little 
headway in his much publicized drive. 

Member organizations of the Coun- 
cil include: 



f'l 



May, 



1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



PROCESSING OF CORN 

REACHES HIGH RANK 

The canning of corn now ranks as 
the second principal vegetable proc- 
essed in Pennsylvania, being sur- 
passed only by tomatoes. Final reports 
show that in 1942 Pennsylvania grow- 
ers produced 36,000 tons of corn for 
processing from 147,000 acres planted. 
This was double the average acreage 
devoted to that crop during the period 
from 1931 to 1940. The average yield 
last year was 2.4 tons per acre and the 
average price per ton received by the 
producer was $14 compared with 
$11.50 in 1941. 




MILK PRODUCTION 

BREAKS ALL RECORDS 

Milk production in Pennsylvania 
last year broke all previous annual 
records. Compilations place the esti- 
mated production at 5,020 million 
pounds which was three per cent 
greater than in 1941 and the first time 
the five billion pound mark has been 
exceeded. Annual production per cow 
also established a new high mark, 
reaching 5,580 pounds compared with 
5,520 pounds in 1941. The number of 
milk cows on farms was placed at 
900,000 compared with 882,000 for 
1941 and represented the peak number 
in more than 20 years. The 1942 pro- 
duction record placed Pennsylvania 



More Than Five Billion Pounds of Milk Was Produced in Pennsylvania Last Year 



ment of Agriculture have used the 
drug, sulfaguanidine, successfully as 
a prophylactic against the disease. 

Previous investigations had shown 
that to be resistant to cecal coccidio- 
sis, chickens must develop at least a 
mild form of the disease. But coc- 
cidial infections as they occur nat- 
urally are not limited to the mild 
form and the mortality usually is 
high. So the investigators used sulfa- 
guanidine to weaken the vitality of 
he infective organism so that it would 
cause only a mild case and yet help 
the chickens build up immunity. 

They medicated the regular mash 
by adding 0.5 per cent by weight of 
sulfaguanidine. Then they let various 
groups of birds eat the mash under 
different conditions and degrees of 
exposure to the infection. Several 



Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Farm 
Bureau Cooperative Association, Har- 
risburg; Lehigh Valley Cooperative 
Farmers, Allentown; Dairymen's Co- 
operative Sales Association, Pitts- 
burgh; Pennsylvania State Grange, 
Harrisburg; Inter-State Milk Pro- 
ducers Cooperative, Philadelphia; 
Pennsylvania Guernsey Breeders As- 
sociation, Harrisburg; Washington 
County Farm Bureau, Washington; 
Union Farm Bureau Cooperative As- 
sociation, Lewisburg; Mercer County 
Farm Bureau, Mercer: Somerset 
Farm Bureau Cooperative Associa- 
tion, Somerset; Chester - Delaware 
Farm Bureau, West Chester; Lancas- 
ter County Farm Bureau Cooperative 
Association, Lancaster; Pennsylvania 
Dairymen's Association, Lancaster; 
Pennsylvania State Poultry Associa- 



tion, Altoona; Chester Delaware 
County Poultry Association, Coates- 
ville; Lancaster County Poultry As- 
sociation, Lancaster ; York Farm Bu- 
reau Cooperative Association, York; 
Pennsylvania State Nurserymen's 
Association, Dresher. 

Delaware: Delaware State Grange, 
Marshallton; Delaware Poultry Im. 
provement Association, Newark. 

Maryland: Maryland State Grange, 
Bel Air; Farmers Cooperative Asso- 
ciation, Frederick; Maryland Coop- 
erative Milk Producers, Baltimore; 
Maryland Farm Bureau, Baltimore; 
Thurmont Milling & Supply Associa- 
tion Cooperative, Thurmont. 

Virginia: Virginia Farm Bureau 
Federation, Harrisonburg; Southern 
States Cooperative, Richmond; Vir- 
ginia State Grange, Richmond ; Rich- 
mond Cooperative Milk Producers 
Association, Richmond ; ^ Virginia 
State Dairymen's Association, Blacks- 
burg. 

West Virginia: West Virginia 
Farm Bureau, Morgantown; West 
Virginia Dairymen's Association, 
Morgantown. 

Other member organizations include 
Maryland & Virginia Milk Producers 
Association of Washington, D. C, 
and Eastern States Farmers' Ex- 
change of Springfield, Mass., which 
operates in Maryland, Delaware, and 
Pennsylvania. 

FREE FARMERS HOLD 

ANNUAL CONVENTION 

John L. Lewis has been blocked in 
his drive to unionize the nation's 
dairy farmers, Herbert W. Voorhees, 
of Skillman, N. J., president of Free 
Farmers, said in New York recently, 
at the annual meeting of the organ- 
ization which he said now has more 
than 50,000 members. 

Free Farmers was set up last March 
by farmers and farm organizations in 
the New York Milkshed following an- 
nouncement by Lewis that he in- 
tended to organize the nation's 3,500,- 
000 dairymen into a unit of the 
United Mine Workers, District 50. 

"We set out to stop Mr. Lewis in 
his scheme to take over dairymen 
against their wishes," Mr. Voorhees 
said, adding that this had been done 
by giving farmers the facts and by 
protecting them from throats and in- 
timidation. He recalled that one of 
the first things Free Farmers did was 
to announce that it would indemnify 
any pledge signer for damages in- 
curred from strikes or riots up to an 
amount of $10,000, and said that this 
protection will remain in force for 
another year and longer if necessary. 

Pointing out that the Free Farmer 
idea has spread until the Lewis move 
now faces organized opposition from 
farmers and farm organizations m 
more than 20 states, Mr. Voorhees in- 
troduced the leaders of two similar 
organizations who spoke briefly. 

They were P. C. Turner, of Balti- 
more, Md.. president of the Interstate 
Farmers Council, who said that this 
organization was made up of 35 dif- 
ferent farm groups in Pennsylvania, 
Maryland, Delaware, Virginia and 
West Virginia with a combined mem- 
bership of 350,000 and William C 
Neal, of Meredith, New Hampshire, 
president of the Agricult\iral Council 
of New England, which he said was 
made up of 67 organizations with a 
combined membership of 300,000. 
Both reported that Lewis has made 
little progress in their territories. 

Mr. Voorhees, who is president of 
the New Jersey Farm Bureau, was 
re-elected president of Free Farmers 
and W. J. Rich, of Salem, N. Y., 
master of the New York State Grange 
was re-elected vice-president, and 



George Monroe, of Ithaca, N. Y., 
was named secretary. , . , , , 
Other directors elected included: 
C C. Dumond, of Ulster Park, N. Y., 
president of the New York State 
Farm Bureau ; Mrs. W. H. Potter, of 
Tnixton, N. Y., president of the New 
York Federation of Home Bureaus; 
B. H. Agans, of Three Bridges, N. J., 
master of the New Jersey State 
Grange; Gerald Shumway, of Wyal- 
using, Pa., representing the Pennsyl- 
vania State Grange; S. Seeley Rey- 
nolds, of Middlebury, Va., a director 
of the Eastern States Farmers Ex- 
change; Leon Chapin, treasurer of 
the Dairymen's League cooperative 
Association with offices in New York, 
and J. A. McConnell, general man- 
ager of the Cooperative Grange 
League Federation Exchange, Ithaca, 
N. Y. 

INSECTICIDE DEVELOPED 

FROM CASTOR OIL PLANT 

New developments in insecticides 
that promise to safeguard scant civil- 
ian food supplies at the very moment 
when the country needs them most, 
were held out by J. Edmund Good, 
Vice-President of Woburn Degreasing 
Co. of N. J., in an address delivered 
before the annual meeting of the Na- 
tional Farm Chcmurgic Council in 
Chicago. 

The base for this insecticide, which 
is widely used on citrus and potato 
crops in Florida and Maine, is the 
castor plant — origin of the familiar 
Castor Oil for the family medicine 
chest. The Department of Agriculture 
recently announced plans for a do- 
mestic crop of castor beans as a safe- 
guard toward meeting industrial and 
wartime requirements. 

"We do not need newspaper head- 
lines to tell us there is a food short- 
age," Mr. Good averred. "We know 
of it because of our food rationing and 
our struggle with point coupons. But 
what many of us fail to realize is that 
much more food will be available for 
civilians as well as Army, Navy and 
Lease-Lend if the tremendous losses 
caused annually by destructive insects 
were reduced. Rotenone, pyrethrum, 
the phenolics, and many coal tar pro- 
ducts are either rationed or diverted 
to more critical war uses. In Spra- 
Kast, the insecticide developed from 
the leaves and stalks of the Castor 
plant, we believe there lies a valuable 
and abundant new contribution to 
agriculture which will help materially 
in solving the present critical short- 
ages. Four years of tests sustain me. 

"There is a crying need for Castor 
oil from the plant too, and this does 
not come just from children. It comes 
from the war machine and from in- 
dustry. The oil from the Castor beans 
19 vital to the effective industrial pro- 
duction of a host of critical imple- 
ments of war ranging from tanks and 
bombers to cannons, high octane gas- 
oline, powder bags and camouflage 
paint. 

"Castor oil makes it possible for our 
planes to fly to the great heights re- 
quired by military necessity today," 
Mr. Good declared. "It is needed for 
hydraulic brakes on all mechanized 
equipment, such as gun carriages, air- 
plane landing gear, tanks, motor 
trucks and wherever hydraulic brakes 
We desirable and advisable; and in 
^irplane bombers where bomb bay 
doors are opened and closed by hy- 
draulic pumps operating with Castor 
0" hydraulic fluid, in the revolving 
turrets on tanks and in the recoil 
"Jf'chanism of cannons and big guns 
^^ all types where it is necessary to 
cushion the shock of the explosion. 

In the production of military 
^uipment on assembly lines a short 



Can Pennsylvania Poultrymen Produce 



More Poultry Products 
per pound of Feed ? 



p 



ENNSYLVANIA Poultrymen 
are willing and anxious to do their 
full share of winning this war and 
writing a j ust peace. This year their 
job will take an extra large amount 
of hard work and skill. 

To boil it right down, their job 
is to produce more eggs and more meat 
ter pound of feed used. 

Best available figures show that 
there isn't enough feed for last year's 
rates of production, so the rates of 
production per pound of feed must 
be stepped up. 

The job can be done. Here are 
some suggestions that should help 
the poultry raiser in the pinches : 

1. Make more use of good poultry 
pasture. 



2. Grow all the feed grains possible. 

3. Full-feed all poultry. (A leghorn 
hen needs 70 pounds of feed a 
year just to maintain her body. 
An extra 25 pounds will produce 
180 eggs.) 

4. Fight waste of feed — 

— by not filling hoppers too full. 

— with lips on hoppers to pre- 
vent billing out. 

— by eliminating rats. 

— by continuous culling to avoid 
feeding boarders. 

5. Work with your cooperative — 
whether it's G. L. F. in thte 
northern part of the state or 
another cooperative elsew^here — 
in planning ahead for the feed 
you are going to need. 



. SERVtMG FlUMllS 
Clew TORK, NfW JII^T 
IMRN P(KNSYlY«iiA 



COOPERATIVE G. L F. EXCHANGE, INC. 



ITHACA. N. Y. 



drying time for the protective coat- 
ings is of great importance, for bottle 
necks would occur on the assembly 
lines if the paint did not dry quickly. 
China Wood oil (Tung oil) hereto- 
fore was extensively used as a base 
for these quick drying paints, but is 
practically unobtainable from China 
today. One of the best alternative ma- 
terials to Tung oil is Dehydrated 
Castor oil. Its importance can hardly 
be overemphasized in view of present 
conditions." 



Many Granges conduct plant and 
bulb exchanges and find the plan help- 
ful to all. 



FUNDS START SCHOOL 

FOR CHINESE MECHANICS 

Funds donated by Americans have 
started a new industrial training 
school in Kansu Province that will 
equip mechanically-inclined Chinese 
boys to become technicians, chemists 
and mechanics. Buildings have been 
purchased and furnished, and classes 
will start as soon as the pupils as- 
semble from all parts of Free China. 

The school will be known as the 
H. H. Kung Indusco Polytechnic, 
after China's Minister of Finance, 
who is president of the Chinese In- 
dustrial Cooperatives. The project 
will be run under the direction of the 



CIC organization in China, which is 
associated in this country with the 
American Committee in Aid of Chi- 
nese Industrial Cooperatives, a par- 
ticipating agency of United China 
Relief. 

The new school is located in prox- 
imity to many workshops of the co- 
operatives, that will supplement school 
training with practical experience. 
Courses will last for two years, and 
graduates will start their careers in 
the Chinese Industrial Cooperatives. 

Other branches of these schools, of 
which there are nine, are known as 
Bailie Technical Training Schools, 
after the missionary, Joseph Bailie. 



-it 
2.|.| 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1943 



May, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



Preventing Inflation 

The Right Plan and the Wrong Way 

National Master Clearly Analyzes the Case 



THERE are two distinct schools of 
thought with reference to the con- 
trol of inflation. One school 
favors establishing price ceilings, en- 
forced by fines and penalties. The 
other advocates making use of eco- 
nomic forces by increasing production 
of goods and controlling purchasing 
power. The former is based on an 
economy of scarcity and requires a 
huge army of enforcement agents. 
The latter is based on an economy of 
abundance and is largely self-enforc- 
ing. The former is bureaucracy at 




National Master A. S. Goss 

the height of its glory. The latter is 
a decentralized approach to a tough 
problem. The passage and veto of the 
Bankhead Bill is the result of a clash 
between these two groups. 

The President first attempted to 
prevent inflation by the price ceiling 
method. A number of reasons con- 
tributed to the failure, but two are 
outstanding. First, he tried to con- 
trol prices without controlling labor, 
although everyone knew it couldn't 
work. Second, the price ceilings 
strangled production, as they have al- 
ways done wherever tried. 

When the program failed, the Presi- 
dent called for more power. Then 
Congress took a hand. It realized that 
the President was trying to do an im- 
possible thing, something that had 
been tried many times and had always 
failed. It recognized that the basic 
cause of inflation is the pressure of 
increased income on decreasing sup- 
plies, and that the price ceiling 
method results in reducing the sup- 
plies and protecting a fast increasing 
income. In other words, it was essen- 
tially inflationary. 

Congress Favors Abundance 



Congress determined that we should 
adopt the abundance method of attack, 
and write into the Price Control Act 
of October 2d certain limitations de- 
signed to protect the nation against 
food shortage. They first attempted 
to assure farmers production costs by 
placing certain limits on ceilings. 
Since the existing parity formula 
(which was used) is completely cock- 
eyed, it was recognized that the limits 
established were far from effective on 
many commodities — merely an ex- 
pression of intent — so a very definite 
mandate was written into the Act to 
prevent abuse. The Act provided that 
modification shall he made in maxi- 
mum prices . . . in any case where it 



appears that such modification ^ is 
necessary to increase the production 
of such commodity for war purposes 
or where . . . the maximum prices 
will not reflect . . . increased costs. 

Immediately upon passage of this 
Act the President issued an executive 
order which ignored these two man- 
dates and stuck to the original impos- 
sible price ceiling method. It has 
failed again, and will continue to fail, 
because it violates basic economic law. 
The reason is simple. 

The price ceiling method ignores 
costs. There are hundreds of kinds of 
uncontrollable costs, largely arising 
from war dislocation. They spring up 
in ten thousand localities and when 
the costs bump into the ceilings, pro- 
duction is strangled, and the producer 
either reduces production or quits. In 
the aggregate we create an enormous 
shortage. Price ceilings never created 
a pound of food. They reduce pro- 
duction, create shortages and "black 
markets," in which the wealthy get 
what they want at exorbitant prices, 
and the poor do without. 

Inflation never existed where there 
was an abundant supply of goods. 
The remedy therefore is to encourage 
abundant production. After prices 
are adjusted to meet costs and encour- 
age production, if a shortage still ex- 
ists, the answer is to reduce the 
demand to fit the supply. This can 
be done in two ways. 

Two Methods of Control 

The first way is by rationing. It is 
possible to create a surplus by ration- 
ing, and a surplus is the most effective 
medium for controlling prices. Wit- 
ness the recent meat shortage with the 
"black markets." In less than a week 
after rationing was established, butch- 
ers had more meat than they could 
sell. They began cutting prices. They 
reduced their orders to wholesalers 
and packers, and rapidly the surplus 
is working its way back to the pro- 
ducer. This is plain economics and 
does not require an army of account- 
ants and snoopers. Production will 
soon fit itself to the demand. 

The second way of reducing de- 
mand to fit the supply is to syphon off 
excess income by forced savings and 
income taxes. We have 35 billion 
dollars in excess income seeking to 
buy consumer goods. A large part of 
this should be used to pay taxes to 
help meet the enormous war bill, and 
much of the balance should go into 
savings to be available for use when 
the war is over. So far, our only con- 
cern has been to prevent most people 
from paying any of the increased costs 
of war dislocations. We must have 
the political courage to face the issue. 

It is only fair to the President to 
say that he recognizes the seriousness 
of the food shortage. Where produc- 
tion costs bump into price ceilings, 
he proposes to postpone the day of 
reckoning by paying subsidies to keep 
farmers in business. In this column 
we have given many reasons before 
why subsidies should not be used, so 
we will confine our present comments 
to three reasons, only emphasizing the 
fact that the other reasons are none 
the less valid, although they are not 
repeated. 



assurance are not likely to plan crops 
which bid fair to result in loss. 

Second— It would be impossible to 
man a force big enough to examine 
into the millions of cases and prove 
losses. 

Third— Let us assume that prices 
are held below cost and farmers are 
granted subsidies to keep them in pro- 
duction: As the war progresses and 
costs rise, subsidies must go up, and 
we develop an increasingly unbalanced 
price structure. When peace comes 
and we have to balance the budget, 
subsidies would be one of the first 
items to be cut out. Then either the 
farmers would have to increase prices 
or go out of business. If we refuse to 
pay production costs when we have 35 
billion dollars of surplus income, what 
chances would there be of raising 
prices when income and employment 
start down? The answer is none. 
Agriculture would face a collapse 
worse than that which followed the 
last war. We want none of it. 

The vetoed Bankhead bill attempted 
to force the Administration to follow 
the mandate of the Price Control Act 
and abandon its hopeless price ceiling 
program. The issue is whether Con- 
gress has the power to do this. It is 
unfortunate that the Bankhead bill 
appears necessary to secure compli- 
ance with the law. It is also un- 



fortunate that the issue should be 
raised just when labor is demanding 
substantial wage increases, for talk of 
the danger of inflation beclouds the 
fact that Congress is really insisting 
on a more effective method of prevent- 
ing inflation than is now contem- 
plated. 

A Four-Point Program 

In our judgment, rigid price con- 
trols are causing serious food short- 
ages and speeding the day of inflation. 
They should be abandoned at once. In 
their place we should have a four-step 
program : 

1. Encourage abundant production, 

and where necessary use sup- 
port prices for that purpose. 

2. Use rationing to keep the demand 

in balance with the supply. 
Coordination of lease-lend and 
military purchases and storage 
with civilian needs should be 
effected. 

3. Syphon off a substantial part of 
surplus income through forced 
savings and income taxes. 

4. Use price ceilings only in period 
of transition or to prevent 
profiteering. 

Fraternally, 

A. S. Goss, 
Master National Grange. 



National Grange Jottings 



Ohio Boy A Grange boy in Cler- 
Wins mont county, Ohio, Earl 

Wolf, is happy these days 
as the result of winning a $1000 gov- 
ernment bond for reaching first place 
in the state scholarship contest, set up 
by the National Farm Youth Foun- 
dation. Usually the prize is a $1000 
scholarship at some university, but 
due to war conditions the $1000 bond 
was substituted this year. The young 
man is the son of Wright Wolf, a 
former prominent Grange deputy in 
Clermont county. 



Beasons for Avoiding Subsidies 

First — Farmers have no assurance 

that Congress would be short-sighted 

enough to provide hundreds of mil- 

I lions in subsidies, and without such 



AWARDS FOR 

BOND SELLING 

GRANGES through the coun- 
try are attaining distinc- 
tion through receiving awards 
from the United States Treas- 
ury Department at AVashington 
for having 90% or more of their 
members regularly buying w^ar 
bonds and stamps through a 
systematic purchase plan. Such 
bond-buying campaigns have to 
be carried on according to defi- 
nite specifications and results 
clearly reported to the Treasury 
Department, after which win- 
ners get a certificate signed by 
Secretary of the Treasury 
Henry Morgenthau, Jr., as well 
as by state administrative of- 
ficers. 

The first Grange in Living- 
ston county. New York, to win 
one of these certificates, Gen- 
eseo, No. 1221, sold among its 
membership, in about two 
months' time, almost $4300 in 
Bonds and over $60 in Stamps, 
and during the same period the 
Grange itself bought a $200 war 
bond. 



North As a result of its legisla- 

Carolina tive activities of the past 
season, the North Caro- 
lina State Grange views with satis- 
faction the enactment of numerous 
measures for which the Granges of 
the state have worked hard for a con- 



siderable period. This included an 
appropriation of nearly $50,000 for a 
marketing program, and $20,000 ad- 
ditional for agricultural extension 
work. A quarantine law was enacted 
for control of hog cholera, the state 
fertilizer law was amended, the state 
feed law was amended, and new enact- 
ments covering the state's public 
school policy were made. 

Colorado The largest Grange in 
Colorado, Grand View, 
No. 151, has burned the mortgage on 
its hall, located near Littleton, and 
its present membership, in excess of 
300, indicates the active work which 
has been done since its start in 1931 
with only 17 charter members. The 
influence of Grand View Grange 
throughout that entire section of Col- 
orado has been of progressive char- 
acter, and the organization has led 
the way in successfully carrying 
through many projects highly bene- 
ficial to agriculture. 

Stockyards From the Grange-spon- 
sored stockyards at 
Auburn, Washington, the only farmer 
owned cooperative stockyards in the 
West, comes the report of substantial 
success, marking the first year of its 
operation, which was celebrated April 
3 with a great gathering of livestock 
men. Grange members and others 
from the entire area. In spite of war- 
time handicaps, this association built 
up the past year a sales volume aver- 
aging 1100 head of livestock per 
month. Sales from Nov. 1st through 
January 31st aggregated 4,651 head 
of stock, as compared with 1,480 head 
for the same three months' period oi 
the previous year. Almost 600 he&a 
of stockers and feeders went back to 
the country for finishing. 

In California California has a new 
secretary of its State 
Grange, Mrs. Celia Harding, of Fowl- 
er; her appointment filling the place 
of Mrs. Eunice L. Peterson, of So- 
noma, who resigned. Mrs. Harding 
is an experienced Grange worker, and 
is entering enthusiastically upon her 
(Concluded on page 9.) 




THE LECTURER'S CORNER 

O. WALKER SHANNON, State Lecturer 



LEADERSHIP SCHOOL 

"The Grange in Service for Vic- 
tory," is the theme of the Leadership 
Training School to be held at State 
College, June 16, 17, and 18. The 
school while primarily a Lecturers' 
Conference, is open ^ to all Grange 
leaders. We are inviting the Juvenile 
Katrons, State Deputies, and all Mas- 
ters to attend. The program will be 
built entirely around the theme of 
the meeting stressing those things 
which can be done by the Grange in 
the onward march to victory. Help 
will be given to the Lecturers on plan- 
ning Victory Programs. Discussions 
will be held on the vitally important 
subject of Grange participation in the 
war effort. At this school, we will 
learn not only what we must do but 
the way to do it. We will learn how 
to plan and lead discussions in our 
own meetings. The whole program is 
set up with the idea of furnishing 
every possible help to the Grange Lec- 
turers and other Grange leaders who 
are charged with responsibility of 
guidance of thinking of rural people 
today. It is of vital importance to 
the welfare of your Grange that you 
attend. 

In addition to the State Grange 
leaders and State College specialists 
we are glad to inform you that our 
National Lecturer, James C. Farmer 
will be with us the first two days of 
the school. It has been several years 
since Brother Farmer attended one of 
our Conferences and we are anxious 
to have as many Lecturers as possible 
present to meet him and hear his in- 
spiring messages. 

Arrange now to attend. In these 
days when we need trained leadership 
as never before, you owe it to your 
Grange, your community, and your 
Nation to avail yourself of every pos- 
sible help in attaining the highest 
possible efficiency as a community 
leader. 



SERVICE 



The theme of Service for Victory 
for our conference is not especially 
new to Grange folk. We have al- 
ways been serving the best interests 
of Agriculture. Agriculture now finds 
itself in a position of primary im- 
portance in the winning of the war 
and of preventing hunger from sweep- 
ing across our land. We have the 
most stupendous task that has ever 
faced us. Not only must we feed our 
armed forces and our own civilian 
population but we must raise food for 
those who fight with us in the cause 
of right and justice. This we are will- 
ing and anxious to do. However, we 
are faced with some facts which make 
our goals difficult to attain. Labor 
and machinery to do the job are in 
jnost cases hard to secure. These 
handicaps alone mean less food but 
longer hours for most farm families, 
"e recognize the fact that we must 
Work from dawn to dark to produce 
food necessary for Victory. We don't 
"^ind this so much because the thing 
wo are fighting for is worth the effort 
and sacrifice we put forth. The thing 
^hich does provoke me is the fact that 
larmors have been and are being crit- 
icized as being a group of folks who 
^yish to take advantage of war condi- 
tions to improve their economic stand- 
^^?' This statement is certainly not 
true. To my knowledge, no one group 
pf people are working harder or work- 
ing longer hours than the farm people 



of this nation and are doing it for 
less money per liour than any other 
group. Farmers have never asked 
more than their just due and it is 
most unjust to be labeled as a group 
who seek to upset the economy of our 
nation. We do not want to be subsi- 
dized — all we want is a fair and just 
return for our labor and investment. 
As we enlist in the service for vic- 
tory one of the things we must re- 
member is that we must be victorious 
in maintaining unity of the home 
front. This cannot be done unless all 
groups are treated equally. No one 
group should be given any special 
privilege over that which is granted 
to all. Your fight. Worthy Lecturer, 
is to see that agriculture remains an 
independent business, able to stand on 
its own feet. Then not only during 
this war but during the period of 
rehabilitation afterward, we will be in 
a position to produce the food neces- 
sary for victory on the field of battle 
and also to make possible an enduring 
peace. This is a time of great re- 
sponsibility for us. By serving agri- 
culture honestly in these days of 
stress, you are helping to lay the 
foundation for an enduring peace 
over all the world. You are also help- 
ing our nation retain the virtues 
which made it great. . 



SOURCES OF PROGRAM 
MATERIAL 

During these days of rapid change 
the problem of securing proper ma- 
terial for up-to-the minute programs 
requires more research than it did in 
the past. We would suggest that you 
maintain a file of clippings from 
newspapers, magazines, etc., to be 
used as a basis for your Lecture hour. 
Much of this material can be devel- 
oped into a full evening's program. 
One example might be the article 
"Background for Peace" published in 
Time magazine, March 22d and April 
19th. These articles stimulate think- 
ing about the peace for which we all 
long. These pieces can be used as the 
basis for a discussion or a talk by 
some member. Another example, is 
the article by Miles Horst, Secretary 
of Agriculture found in the April 
issue of Grange News. 

The job of Lecturer requires that 
we be constantly alert for material 
that we can use. The success of the 
Lecture hour in the Grange depends 
largely on the amount of personal 
effort the Lecturer makes. Always 
remember that you are to lead in the 
literary work and educational pro- 
gram of the Grange. 



JUNE PROGRAMS 

There are a number of special days 
in June to furnish ample themes and 
ideas to suit any Grange. Most of 
these themes can be well developed 
with little effort on the part of any 
Lecturer. The special day themes 
which come to mind are Flag Day, 
Children's Day, and Father's Day. 
Other events worthy of mention are: 
(1) Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 
1775; (2) First U. S. Troops reach 
France, June 26, 1917; (3) Germany 
signs Peace Treaty, June 28, 1919. 

This is a year above all others, 
when the celebration of Flag Day is 
of importance to all the people. The 
significance of what our flag stands 
for moans much to all of us today. 
From nearly every home someone has 



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all your paint requirements without sacrificing QUALITY. 

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Thm Oldmtt Ready-Mixmd Paint Houam in America. Eatabliahmd 1842 

J. C. INGERSOLL, Proprietor Box 234, HALESITE, N. Y. 



gone to defend it. This is the time 
to pause and consider not only what a 
privilege it is to live under its protec- 
tion but we must also prepare our- 
selves to accept the great responsibili- 
ties which devolve upon us. Certain- 
ly no theme will be more appropriate 
for your June meeting than that of 
"Flag Day." A suggested program 
is outlined below. 

Many of you will want to develop 
a program around the subject of 
Father's Day. This theme can be 
handled in much the same way as a 
Mother's Day program with appro- 
priate readings, songs, etc. 

The Children's Day program will 
give you an opportunity to invite your 
Juvenile Matron to present a pro- 
gram. Possibly you will want to com- 
bine this with a Father's Day pro- 
gram. 

The other dates are patriotic in 
nature and any program emanating 
from the thoughts they bring to mind 
would be of a patriotic nature. The 
signing of the peace treaty would 
make us think of the kind of a peace 
we will want when the present strug- 
gle is ended. A discussion on this 
subject would be useful and very 
much worth while. 

Flag Day Program 

Song — No. 6, Patron 
Poem — The Flag Goes By 
Juvenile Talk— What's a Flag! 
Response by 4 Juvenile Members — 

1. Freedom of Speech 

2. Freedom of Religion 

3. Freedom of Press 

4. Freedom of Assembly 

Duet — "Stars and Stripes Forever" 
Address — What Our Flag Means to 

us today. 
Poem — Columbus 
Flag Drill by Juveniles 
Closing Song — No. 3, Patron 

Juvenile Drill 

A drill for Juveniles may be adapt- 
ed from any drill suitable for Grange 
work. Just at the close of the drill 
all form a semi-circle in center of hall 
facing stage, curtain opens slowly re- 
vealing tableau of a young lady with 
flag and two others saluting the flag. 
The drill team gives the salut-e of the 
flag and give Pledge of Allegiance. 




•••*••*•• 

PRODUCE 

more EGGS -more MEAT 
for Uncle Sam with 

HALL'S 
CHICKS 

We are still accepting orders 
to be Riled in rotation accord- 
ing to date booked. Place your order 
for chicks now for shipment as soon as 

available. 

HALL IBOTHERt HATCHERY. Im. 
kx 49 Wallli((*rd, 0«m. 



HALL'S CHICKS 



Classified Ads. 



FOR SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle — Cows, 
Heifers, and Young Bulls. Sybil 
breeding. Also Chester White Hogs. 

J. A. Boak & Sons, New Castle, Pa. 



C. J. BAINBRIDGE, Syracuse, New York, 
Orange Badges, Buttons. Regalia and supplies 
of every description. Official and the recog- 
nized standard everywhere. Send for catalog. 

WHITE LEGHORN CHICKS. Tom Barbon 

Leghorn Fa&ms, Box 17, Richfield. Pa. 

BABY CHICKS OF QUALITY— Leghorns, 
Anconas, Hampshires, White Rocks, Reds. 
Nelson' 8 Poultry Farm, Grove City, Pa. 

QUALITY CHICKS 

100% live del. Postpaid. Str. Pits. Ckls. 

Pullets 95% guaranteed. 100 100 100 

White Leghorns $10.00 $18.00 $3.50 

V. H. & R. I. Reds. 

Bar. & W. Rox 11.00 15.00 11.00 

Heavy Mixed 10.00 

Leghorn Cockerels .... 2.50 

Plum CfMk Poultry Farm and Hatchary, Sunbnry, Pa. 

WANTED — WHITE STEAMER TOURING 
CAR. also parts, catalogs and bulletins of the 
White Co. Will pay highest prices for 1909- 
1910 auto registration lists of Pennsylvania 
and for information leading to the sale of 
White car. Murray M. Brown. 241 Drury 
Ave., Athol, Mass. 



Scarooly a nip:ht but a now service 
flnpr is dedicated in some Orange hall, 
with impressive exercises. 



June is strawberry month. In many 
parts of this state wild strawberries 
grow in abundance. No more delicious 
fruit is to be found, but most of it 
goes to waste each year because it 
takes a lot of time and patience to 
pick and preserve wild strawberries. 
Tf canning sugar is available, I think 
Juveniles might take the conservation 
of the wild strawberry crop in their 
vicinity as one of their victory pro- 
jects for this year. 









I 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1943 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 



Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 
Room 426-28, Telegraph Building 
216 Locuit Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 



5 cents a copy 



50 cents a year 



Vol. XL 



MAY, 1943 



No. 2 



G. 



Board of Managers 
KENZIE S. BAG8HAW, President, HoUidaysburg, Pa. 

MERLE GRIFFIN ALBERT MADIGAN C. M. DAVIDSON 

Smock, Pa. Towanda, Pa. Grove City, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, KENZIE S. BAG8HAW 

Managing Editor, MILES HORST 
427-429 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa, 

Associate Editor, O. WALKER SHANNON 
Hookstown, Pa. 

ADVERTISING Is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per inch, 
each insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



Foreign Labor 



No MOVE has been made to import Bahama or Mexican farm workers 
into this state, nor is it likely to be, for Pennsylvania farmers do not 
look with favor on this "solution" of their farm labor problem. Per- 
haps in certain special cases it would avail, but if tried any such workers 
should have a return address on them so that when no longer needed they 
would go back to where they came from and not remain a burden on Penn- 
sylvania farm communities. 



Agriculture's Future 

AMERICAN agriculture has been the rock upon which the American 
standard of living has stood. Our farmers have constituted the 
strongest force in combatting any and all socialistic and communistic 
inroads on our form of government. 

A free and uncontrolled agriculture must be maintained if American 
freedom is to endure. Agricultural leaders are confronted with a giant task. 
They are putting up a heroic fight to maintain American agriculture as a 
free enterprise. They should have the support of every substantial Amer- 
ican citizen in their struggle to maintain a free agriculture. 



Biggest War Plant 

IMAGINE a factory reaching from Canada to Mexico, and from the 
Rockies to the Appalachians, says the U. S. Department of Agriculture. 
"That's the size of our farm plant — a billion acres, nearly ten times the 
farm land of Germany and Japan together. . . . The plant itself is none too 
big for its giant task. It must feed and clothe all our fighters and home- 
front workers. A share of our output helps keep our allies in there fighting. 
And as occupied lands are liberated, American food will give new strength 
to hunger-worn millions who will fight at our side." It might be added that 
the plant, although short-handed, is working full time at top capacity. 



^ ■ 



Happy Solution 



circulating in this country of how he is suffering in silence and producing 
in excess. To us they appear to be "laying it on a bit thick." It goes with- 
out saying that the British farmer is expending heroic efforts under heart- 
breaking conditions and no praise of his fortitude is too high. But it does 
not follow that the American farmer will produce more food if hamstrung, 
restricted and regimented, as seems necessary in England, than he would 
if operating under the traditional American system of freedom and inde- 
pendence of action. The fact that the British farmer must plow around 
bomb craters and do his milking in the dark hardly proves that every step 
in the American farmer's day should be laid out for him by a student of 
sociology. What this nation and the war effort and the peace conference 
need is food and lots of it— all that can be produced. How it is produced is 
of less importance than how much. If regimentation is best for British agri- 
culture, does that prove it is best for the American brand ? England does 
many things exceptionally well, but the American way has to its credit some 
achievements not to be sneezed at. 



^ • 



Studies of Peace 



THE Federal Council of Churches two years ago set up a commission to 
study the question of a "just and durable peace." No more worthy 
object could be chosen— and perhaps none more difficult to find. Man- 
kind since the days of Cain has been looking in vain for permanent peace. 
The search is often so assiduous that one group of people starts pushing an- 
other group around, and there peace ends. At the same time the only true 
formula for peace is available in an old Book, in a few words known as the 
Golden Rule. The churchmen, familiar with the preversity of human 
nature, know this Rule is too sound and simple to be accepted by short- 
sighted, selfish and revengeful peoples. So the churchmen present their 
opinions on permanent peace in a set of six principles, involving collabora- 
tion, economic and financial agreements, recognition of changing conditions, 
autonomy for subject peoples, control of military establishments and re- 
ligious and intellectual liberty. They find that wars "are not due only to 
economic causes, but have their origin in false ideologies and ignorance." 
That "peace cannot be preserved by documentary acts," but there must exist 
"the opportunity to bring the people of all the world to a fuller knowledge 
of the facts and a greater acceptance of common moral standards." This is 
a big order. How the Hindoos, the Hottentots, the Hitlerites and all the rest 
will respond to it is a matter of interesting if futile speculation. 



Research 



OUR admiration of a proposed solution of the farm labor problem knows 
no bounds. It embodies two elements which are the nub of patriotism 
— service and sacrifice. It is logical and has some social value. Briefly 
it is that city girls and women, moved by fear of food shortage, go into farm 
homes and do the housework, thus relieving farm wives and daughters to 
drive tractors, milk cows, feed hogs and rake hay, which they know how to 
do without training, uniforms, organizing or any of the fanfare which goes 
with farmerettes and land armies. 

There are lots of city ladies and lasses raring to don uniform and do 
their darndest to defeat Hitler. In hot farm kitchens, where the flag does 
not fly, nor orators declaim, nor bands inspire, is a place to try their zeal. 
It is not a job for a Joan of Arc, but a place where women with the spirit 
of the pioneer mothers can help. How many are 'equal to it? 



■ ^ I 



Here and There 



A MERICAN agriculture owes much to England. Our improved breeds of 
f\ livestick had their origin in the "tight little isle." The principles of 
modern tillage was first worked out and applied in England. The 
British farmer for generations has earned the reputation of a competent 
workman. He is also credited with good sense and a level head. This being 
the case we wonder what he would think if he should read some of the stories 



A BILL (S. 702) appropriating $200,000,000 and providing that all re- 
search in the United States be placed under the direction of a federal 
agency has been introduced in Congress. Under it a newly created 
body, called the Office of Scientific and Technical Mobilization and headed 
by a $12,000 a year appointee responsible to the President, would become a 
sort of generalissimo of research. To serve this office the bill provides for a 
National Scientific and Technical Board of six $10,000 a year men, one 
representing industry, one agriculture, one labor, one the consuming public 
and two being scientists or technologists at large. There would also be 
created a National Scientific Technical Committee consisting of the above 
Board and a representative for each federal department the President may 
designate, four more representatives ^f the consuming public, three scientists 
or technologists and six members representing labor, and six representing 
management, all to be appointed by the President and to serve in a consult- 
ing capacity without pay. 

The bill provides that the Office may requisition the personnel and 
equipment now engaged in research, direct or divert research, withhold or 
release results, control inventions and discoveries, farming them out to 
firms, make its own rules and regulations and do many other things. Among 
the latter are take a census of technical facilities, requirements and per- 
sonnel; form and promote projects and programs; foster and develop scien- 
tific and technical methods; ascertain developments and study their im- 
pacts on the national welfare ; coordinate data, methods and facilities oi flU 
agencies of the government; foster international cooperation; make avail- 
able guidance and assistance on conditions the Administration prescribes; 
review specifications and designs; finance operations; acquire patents? 
establish a system of merits and awards; conduct research and "solicit and 
receive aid and support from any source for the advancement of scientific 
and technical methods." 

The expressed purpose of this bill is to help win the war and perfect the 
peace. It even goes to the extent of providing deferment from military 
service for "persons engaged in any particular scientific or technical occu- 
pation" when approved by the chairman of the Board. One result not hinted 
at in the bill is the effect it might have on agricultural research. This ha^ 
been developed and carried on by states. While a little coordination migbt 
help it, too much control might handicap it or even disrupt the progress it is 
making and which it is counted on to continue in serving the essential 
industry of food production. 



May, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



JOTTINGS 

(Concluded from page 6.) 
duties, which are extensive in char- 
acter, as the Grange in California is 
growing rapidly and is constantly ex- 
tending its energies into new activi- 
ties for the benefit of the rural people. 

Team A promising example of team 
Work work is reported from Ohio, 
with the Grange taking a 
prominent part in its leadership. Rep- 
resentatives of all the state-wide farm 
groups, together with the State De- 
partments of Agriculture, Education 
and Extension, the Farm Security 
Administration, Agricultural Adjust- 
ment Administration and the United 
States Employment Service, were re- 
cently brought together; the State 
Grange and the Farm Bureau combin- 
ing in issuing the call. Joseph W. 
Fichter, master of the Ohio State 
Grange, was chairman of the confer- 
ence and a program was mapped out, 
designed to promote maximum pro- 
duction this summer, and to take steps 
problems as labor shortage, equip- 
ment, repairs, etc. 

The program set up is to be one of 
self-help and combined action, rather 
than putting reliance on government 
aid, subsidies or similar methods of 
bolstering production activities. It 
is planned to organize local commu- 
nity groups, reaching every possible 
farmer, surveying their equipment 
needs and exerting all possible effort 
to meet those needs. 

In North In Davidson county, 
Carolina North Carolina, the 
Granges have combined in 
rendering a service to local dairymen 
that was seriously needed. 

For a number of years milk pro- 
ducers have found it difficult to ar- 
range for collection of their milk 
except at almost prohibitive prices. 
The Granges pooled their energies, 
purchased a truck and hired the chap- 
lain of one of their units to run the 
truck and collect the milk. The ex- 
periment has been in operation two 
years, and the volume collected has 
steadily increased so that a larger 
truck has just been purchased. 
Farmers are highly pleased with the 
collection facilities now available. 

Connecticut A. new project just 
started by the Con- 
necticut State Grange, takes the form 
of a plan to raise $20,000 among the 
Granges as half the cost of erecting 
at the State University at Storrs a 
Cooperative House, in which worthy 
students can house themselves, and 
thereby cut the cost of their college 
course. 

The University has given assurance 
that as soon as the Granges raise 
$20,000 in cash, another $20,000 will 
be added; thus making available the 
$40,000 cost of the proposed house. 
Furnishing and maintenance of the 
building when erected will be as- 
sumed by the University. 

Several years ago Connecticut 
Granges raised funds to furnish the 
new Community Building at the Uni- 
versity, and the new project is being 
enthusiastically supported throughout 
the entire Oonnecticut Grange field. 



Membership 



PREVENT FOREST FIRES 

AND SAVE MANY LIVES 

W. W. SiMONDS 

Every spring forest fires take a toll 
of human lives. Newspaper readers 
still romomber the deaths of C.C.C. 
boys in Cameron County. Even when 
forest fires cause no human fatalities, 
there nre many losses of life among 
small game, such as rabbits, grouse. 



THE State Secretary's records show that twenty-three Subordinate 
Granges in the state made a net gain of more than ten members each 

for the quarter ending March 31. 

Pine Run Grange No. 250, of Lycoming County, led with a net gain of 
thirty-seven. Keating Grange No. 2028, of McKean County, was a close 
second with a net gain of thirty-four, while New London Grange No. 1326, 
of Chester County, came in third with twenty-eight. 

The twenty other Granges in the state making a net gain of ten or 
more members for the quarter were : 

Hookstown Grange No. 1980, Beaver County. 

LeRaysville Grange No. 1974, Bradford County. • 

Towamensing Grange No. 1806, Carbon County. 

Half Moon Grange No. 290, Baileyville Grange No. 1991, and East 
Penns Valley Grange No. 2000, Centre County. 

Richmond Grange No. 135, Crawford County. 

Fleetville Grange No. 1199, Lackawanna County. 

Seipstown Grange No. 1657, Lehigh County. 

Lycova Grange No. 2006, Lycoming County. 

West Salem Grange No. 1607, Mercer County. 

New Milford Grange No. 289 and East Great Bend Grange No. 940, 
Susquehanna County. 

Canal Grange No. 1348, Venango County. 

West Pike Run Grange No. 1928, Peters Township Grange No. 2025, 
and West Finley Grange No. 2026, Washington County. 

Derry Township Grange No. 1973, Westmoreland County. 

Tunkhannock Grange No. 209, Wyoming County. 

Red Lion Grange No. 1781, York County. 

These fine net gains have been made in every section of the state during 
the last quarter. We should have many more Granges on the honor roll for 
the quarter ending June 30. 

The Every Officer Get a Member campaign has been extended to May 31. 
Let's all get busy and put our Subordinate Grange on the honor list next 
quarter. 



and other birds and small animals. 
These, however, are not the only 
losses. 

In some fires the killing of the large 
trees is immediately evident, but in 
most cases only the dead leaves and 
trees seem to burn and be destroyed. 
However, this is misleading because 
all the little seedling trees and tree 
seed on the ground will be destroyed 
by fire and the tender inner bark of 
many larger trees killed, thus causing 
the tree to die when there are no out- 
ward signs of being burned. 

Preventing the fires from getting 



started saves timber that is essential 
to the war effort and also saves the 
cost of control by fire wardens or otli- 
ers who have important work to do. 

Remember the slogan, "Be patriotic, 
be thrifty, be a good sport, and don't 
start a forest fire." 



4-H CLUB VOLUNTEERS TO 

FIGHT FOREST FIRES 

In the mountainous and heavily 
wooded section of Fayette County, 
Pa., the Wharton Township 4-H Club, 
composed of 33 members, has volun- 




A Forest Fire in Clinton County, Pennsylvania 



teered to work with the district for- 
ester as fire spotters, to report any 
fires they may see. 

A small group of boys in the club, 
who are more than 16 years old, head- 
ed by the club president, Roland Her- 
ring, of Farmington, have offered to 
serve as forest fire fighters under the 
supervision of the district forester. 
Herring was a delegate from Fayette 
County to the 4-H Leadership Train- 
ing School at the Pennsylvania State 
College in 1941, reports J. F. Keim, 
assistant state club leader. 

Incidentally, Fayette County now 
leads all Pennsylvania counties in 
club enrollment with 1,700, mostly in 
vegetable gardening. 



GOOD LITTER NEEDED 

IN BROODING CHICKS 

F. H. Leuschner 

Satisfactory, inexpensive litter is 
easily available to poultrymen for 
brooding purposes. Straw, corn fod- 
der, corn cobs, and shavings are all 
practical materials. The first three of 
these materials are available on most 
farms. Straw should be chopped into 
small pieces by running through the 
silage cutter or hammer mill. This ex- 
poses more area for moisture absorp- 
tion before wetting occurs, thus mak- 
ing a more lasting type of litter than 
whole straw. 

Dry corn fodder run through a 
hammer mill also makes excellent lit- 
ter with durable qualities similar to 
chopped straw. Corn cobs should be 
ground to the size of a shelled pea; 
then they, too, will make much fine 
material which helps dry out drop- 
pings and readily works them into the 
body of the litter. 

The characteristics of a good litter 
are ability to absorb moisture, dura- 
bility or long wearing quality, and low 
cost. 

Chicks should be started with 2 to 
4 inches of litter on the floor. Daily 
stirring with a rake, fork, i)otato fork, 
or the feet helps keep the litter light 
and loose, incorporates the droppings 
in it, and permits the heat of the 
stove to keep it dry. 



CONTEST PLANNED 

FOR FUTURE FARMERS 

Departments of rural education and 
agricultural engineering at the Penn- 
sylvania State College will cooperate 
with the Pennsylvania Department of 
Public Instruction and the Pennsyl- 
vania Electric Association is sponsor- 
ing an electrical contest for Future 
Farmer of America chapters in Penn- 
sylvania this year. 

The purpose of the contest, in its 
second year, is to encourage the future 
farmers to build useful equipment 
which will increase food production 
and save labor. Some schools already 
have built more than 20 baby chick 
brooders this year. 

Ten prizes will be awarded: first, 
war bonds and stamps to the value of 
$50 and a plaque; second, war bonds 
and stamps to the value of $25 and a 
plaque; third, war stamps to the value 
of $15 and a plaque; fourth to tenth, 
war stamps to the value of $10 plus 
a certificate suitable for framing. 

Winners of the first three places 
last year were: first, Washington 
Township chapter, Waynesboro, Les- 
ter Zook, teacher; second, Richboro 
chapter, Edward K. Bender, teacher; 
and third, Mercer Cross Roads chap- 
ter, Mercer, B. K. Harner, teacher. 

Thousands of Grange members, cov- 
ering every state, have offered tMfem- 
selves as blood donors, often going as 
a group- to one of the centers set up 
for the purpose. 



ir 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1943 



May, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



Mrs. Ethel H. Rich- 
ards, Chairman, New 
Paris. 

Mrs. Georgia Kresge, 
Falls. 

Miss Agnes Brum- 
baugh. State Col- 
lege. 

Mrs. H. R. McDougal, 
Butler. 

Mrs. Furman Gyger, 
Kimberton. 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



The Childy the Family y and 

Education 



PARENTS are realizing today, that 
their small child is more than a 
human machine that accepts food 
and does as told without question un- 
til he reaches the age of six and is 
sent to the public school where a 
teacher is supposed to give him an 
education by teaching him the three 
R's. We are realizing more every day 
and must meet the facts squarely, that 
the child has a personality of his own 
which begins to develop when he is 
three and one-half months old. Until 
that time his smiles or movements are 
probably reflexes but after four 
months he notices people and smiles 
at them when they smile. He soon 
learns how to obtain attention and get 
what he wants by calling, crying, 
kicking or what not. It is from this 
moment that the parents must begin 
to shape the life of their child and 
prepare him to become not only a citi- 
zen of this world but an heir of all 
ages. He must be taught that he has 
a future — not only to be lived by him 
but by coming generations. Instead 
of filling our children with continual 
"don't," we should be teaching them 
to "do." We want to rear a Nation 
of strong, healthy, intelligent boys 
and girls, not weaklings. 

Health habits form a very essential 
part of the child's future. A child 
can have the highest I.Q. possible and 
still not get along well in school. 
There can be no comparison in the 
school work of boys and girls (or the 
pre-school children's activities) who 
sleep ten hours, get up to receive a 
well balanced breakfast amid pleasant 
surroundings, and have plenty of time 
to make their toilet, with the children 
who awaken after a short and restless 
sleep period, to find someone scolding 
them and hurrying them along. Much 
can be done through the public school 
system to give children a knowledge 
of the correct health habits, food, etc. 
Also parents should insist upon the 
public schools giving their children 
an annual check-up but it must not 
stop here. We have the responsibility 
of taking the corrective measures nec- 
essary to insure health and strength. 
Statistics prove the vital need for a 
strong health and nutrition program 
in home, school and community. 
Seven and one-half billion dollars are 
spent annually on sickness and this 
does not include those who are ill but 
still able to be around. Eighty per 
cent of this expense is unnecessary 
and easily preventable through educa- 
tion in the home. 

Much is being said these days about 
educating children to use their leisure 
time. We parents are actually the only 
ones who can guide our children's 
leisure time. The teacher has them 
only six hours at most, out of the 
twenty-four-hour day. It is for us to 
decide whether they shall spend the 
remaining time on the streets, in the 
movies, in someone else's back yard, 
or under someone else's supervision. 
Sorheone has said, "a hobby-less child 
comes from a hobby-less home." Un- 
less the parents have active creative 
interests, the children very likely will 



rely entirely on movies, detective sto- 
ries, etc., for their leisure time activ- 
ities or will depend upon some organi- 
zation other than their home to fur- 
nish them with amusement. It is just 
as important for parents to select a 
hobby and varous leisure time activi- 
ties as for the children. 

Sometimes we hear the complaint, 
"I have no influence over Johnny any 
more. He is so active in school, Boy 
Scouts, and camp that he hasn't a 
minute of free time." Not always, 
but usually we find this parent has not 
stressed the rich opportunities of 
home life and has not been interested 
enough in active play. 

Dr. Thom has said, "The home 
must be considered the workshop in 
which the personality of the child is 
being developed, and the personalities 
of the parents will make up, to a 
large extent, the mental atmosphere 
in which the child has to live. This 
mental atmosphere may easily be con- 
taminated and is quite as dangerous 
to the mental life of the child as scar- 
let fever or diphtheria would be to 
his physical well-being." 

Those of us who live in rural com- 
munities have the advantage over the 
metropolitan areas because by neces- 
sity our children must be at home 
more. We should make the most of 
this opportunity and help them de- 
velop interests in cultural arts, pro- 
vide them with good books, good mu-. 
sic, and good art. Play with them at 
home, become interested in their hob- 
bies, lead them in the development of 
their special talents, consider it the 
parent's duty to be a part of the school 
and take part in all its activities. 
Build for a better America. 



But the hurried man of business 

pushes all the others by. 
And on the scrawly characters he 

turns a glistening eye; 
He forgets the cares of commerce 

and his anxious schemes for gain, 
The while he reads what mother 

writes from up in Maine. 

There are quirks and scratchy quav- 
ers of the pen 

Where it struggled in the fingers old 
and bent. 

There are places that he has to read 
again 

And ponder on to find what mother 

meant. 

There are letters on his table that en- 
close some bouncing check; 

There are letters giving promises of 
profits on his "specs"; 

But he tosses all the litter by, for- 
gets the golden rain, 

Until he reads what mother writes 
from up in Maine. 

At last he finds "with love — we all are 
well," 

And softly lays the homely letter 
down. 

And dashes at his headlong tasks pell- 
mell. 

Once more the busy, anxious man of 
town. 

But whenever in his duties, as the 
rushing moments fly. 

That faded little envelope smiles up 
to meet his eye. 

He turns again to labor with a strong- 
er, truer brain. 

From thinking on what mother wrote 
from up in Maine. 

Through all the day he dictates brisk 
replies 

To his amanuensis at his side — 

The curt and stern demand, and busi- 
ness lies — 

The doubting man cajoled, and threat 
defied. 

And then at dusk when all are gone, 
he drops his worldly mask 

And takes his pen and lovingly per- 
forms a .welcome task; 

For never shall the clicking type or 
shortened f= crawl profane 

The message to the dear old home up 
there in Maine. 

— Holman F. Day. 



of wisdom, a great deal of effort and 
self-denial. Pray with your children. 
Each of us have or hold in loving 
remembrance a dear mother. 

The same old-fashioned sweet moth- 
er love must ever be the foundation 
for the ideal home life, without it 
that structure will fall and can never 
be replaced. Even Christ, dying on 
the Cross, was mindful of his mother, 
as if to teach us that this holy love 
should be our last worldly thought. 

"You can't buy your sunlight at twilight, 
You can't buy your moonlight at dawn, 
You can't buy your youth when you've 

grown old. 
Your life when its heartbeat is gone. 

"You can't buy your way into Heaven, 
Though wealth hath power untold. 
And if you lose Mother, you'll ne'er buy 

another 
Though you have all the world and Its 

gold." * — Mrs. W. L. Van Ormer, 



DEATH IS A FRIENDLY ROAD 

I used to be afraid of death — 

A dread and awful thing 
Of which I spoke with bated breath. 

Of which I could not sing — 
A lonesome trail, declivity steep. 

Full-fearsome with its shadows deep. 

But now I see it otherwise; 

A way to love's abode. 
I clearly see, with my tear-washed 
eyes, 

Death is a friendly road 
Of living curves and luminous shade 

Down which I'll go all unafraid. 

For down that road, around the bend. 

Beyond where I can see, 
I'll wave a hail to many a friend 

And clasp my love to me. 
With them and Christ, what joy 'twill 
be 
To fare forth through Eternity! 

— UnJcnown. 



WITH LOVE— FROM MOTHER 

There's a letter on the bottom of the 
pile, 

Its envelope a faded yellow brown. 

It has traveled to the city many a 
mile. 

And the postmark names a little un- 
known town. 



THE IDEAL MOTHER 

"Her children rise up and call her 
blessed" (Prov. 31:28). 

Great men, including Abraham Lin- 
coln, Phillip Brooks, Washington Irv- 
ing, Longfellow, Charles and John 
Wesley, and John Newton, have paid 
tribute to Mother's influence. God 
has never given to a man the quality 
of influence that he has bestowed upon 
every mother. All influence for good 
in the world is measured by love, even 
God is subject to this law. The moth- 
er who has made the most sacrifice 
shows the most love. 

As your children look upon you. 
mothers, let them see the beauty of 
Christ in your character for the child 
sees God first in his mother's eyes. 
Oh, the power of her prayers and faith 
as she teaches her child to thank God 
for the blessings received and the 
beautiful fourfold Christian life ex- 
emplified in the "Boy of Nazareth." 
A Spanish proverb says an ounce of 
mother is worth a pound of clergy. 
Mother's ability to train children de- 
pends greatly upon the family altar. 
I believe a child has a right to be 
saved before he is born. Pray for your 
unborn child and there will be by 
necessity such a child as Samuel. 
Oliristian training means a great deal 



SINGING AS A MORALE 
BUILDER 

Esther Woodrow 

"Let us fling a taunt in the face of care, 
And sing a song of merry air." 

In times of distress or trouble sing- 
ing comes into its own as a builder 
of morale. Morale means the willing- 
ness to do the task at hand which 
needs to be done. Our leaders realize 
the powers of music in developing the 
qualities of morale, as is evidenced 
by the place which music occupies in 
the life of the members of the armed 
forces. 

Young and old should sing songs of 
freedom and democracy. John Mase- 
field said of painting: "There is no 
harm in painting sometimes just for 
fun." Similarly it may be said that 
there is no harm in singing some- 
times "just for fun." Music is made 
to be enjoyed; it acts as a tonic. It 
aids digestion, so we listen to music 
while we eat. Singing while march- 
ing or hiking makes the miles seem 
shorter. Quiet melody is soothing for 
tired bodies and a stirring rhythm is 
a stimulant for sagging spirits. Sing- 
ing helps keep us in better shape for 
the daily tasks and the routine of life. 
There is a certain feeling of pleas- 
ure one feels while singing or playing 
in a group. I wish that we could have 
more informal group singing. It 
would help us to rise above the feel- 
ing of worry and discouragement that 
we are apt to get at least occasionally 
now that so many of our boys are in 
the midst of war. The singing may 
not be beautiful according to the high 
standards which are set for choral 
singing, but the effect is gratifying 
as each participant enjoys singing 
"just for fun." 



SPENDING THE FAMILY 
INCOME 

Budgeting 

Mrs. Paul D. Barton 

What is a budget — why is one ad- 
visable? How does one go about set- 
ting up a budget? 

These are the questions asked most 
often. An income budget is a plan for 
spending one's income during a week, 
a month or a year. The cooperation 
of every member of the family is nec- 
essary to success and a family council 
should work out the budget and all 
should keep the budget in mind when 
making purchases, as it is very dis- 
couraging for Mary Ann to do with- 
out things she wants to make her 
part of the budget balance and have 
John come home with an expensive 
radio not in the plan for the month. 

"Why make a budget?" we often 
ask. "We know what we have to spend 
and buy only necessary things." But 
do we ? Here are some advantages to 
be gained by making and keeping a 
budget. 



The necessities will be provided be- 
cause they are considered first. Pur- 
chases will be made more wisely 
because they are planned for and ad- 
vantage can be taken of seasonal re- 
ductions in price and time allowed 
for finding the right article. Leaks 
will be uncovered and may be stopped. 
The standard of living will improve 
because family life will be consid- 
ered as a whole, more money will be 
saved regularly and in accordance 
with a definite plan. A budget will 
free the family to make a definite 
choice, not drift from one expenditure 
to another, waking some morning to 
find the money all gone before the 
end of the month. 

This is an especially hard time to 
make a budget as prices are changing 
so rapidly, but if the family is spend- 
ing without a plan it is more disas- 
trous than before. Those of us whose 
incomes are fixed find we can get less 
and less for our money, and those 
whose incomes are increasing with 
better pay and longer hours need to 
spend carefully so that advantage may 
be taken of the increased earning 
power. 

In setting up a budget it must pro- 
vide money for (1) nourishing, satis- 
fying food, (2) shelter, (3) clothing, 
(4) savings, (5) operating expenses, 
(6) development. Other items must 
not crowd out sufiicient food for good 
health and growth. It is poor econ- 
omy to skimp on food. Shelter must 
be provided — either rent, payments on 
a house, or taxes and upkeep if one is 
owned. This item, within limits, can 
be controlled. Clothing, the third 
item, should be figured carefully to 
provide the money required to clothe 
the family suitably for the work which 
must be done. Under savings should 
be included purchase of bonds, life 
insurance payments and money for 
income tax, which while not a saving 
is a very necessary part of every fam- 
ily's expenditures. Operating expenses 
such as light, water, telephone, fuel, 
help, laundry, etc., number five in the 
list, can be controlled to some extent 
and vary with each family. The last 
item in the budget is development. 
On this item depends much of the 
family's standard of living and hap- 
piness. Things to be included in this 
group are: Charities, church dues, 
books, papers and magazines, personal 
allowances, entertainment, travel, doc- 
tor and dentist bills, etc. 

Set up your budget — try it for a 
year, spending according to your plan 
and keeping records. You will find 
you need to make changes, but by 
studying your record you can make 
them wisely. At the end of the second 
year, you will be buying a great deal 
more of satisfaction, your family will 
he better cared for and more secure. 
Your money troubles will not disap- 
pear, but can be controlled with more 
success. 



HELPFUL HINTS 

A pinch of powdered sugar and an- 
other of cornstarch beaten in with the 
yolks of eggs will keep an omelet from 
collapsing. 

If a lump of butter is added to rice 
jvhile cooking it will prevent it from 
boiling over. 

When frying meat put a colander 
f>ver the frying pan and it will keep 
the grease* from flying over the stove. 

Mason jar covers will look like new 
if boiled in one gallon of water to 
^hich is added one cup of vinegar. 

For a quick chocolate frosting, 
sprinkle sweet chocolate bits over a 
loaf cake when it is nearly done, and 
return to oven. The chocolate will 
melt into an even thin frosting. 

Table pads will not leave lint on 
the surface of the table cover if you 



cover one side of the pad with muslin. 
A safe and easy way to pick up 
small pieces of broken glass is to pat 
them gently with dampened absorbent 
cotton. 



RECIPES 

Honey Chocolate Chip Cookies 
1/3 cupful shortening 

^/4 cupful honey 
1 teaspoonful vanilla 
1 egg 
1 cupful sifted flour 

y2 teaspoonful salt 

y2 teaspoonful soda 
7 oz. package semi-sweet choco- 
late pieces 

V2 cupful quick oats 

V2 cupful cut nut meats. 



Chocolate Strips 

V2 cupful shortening 

1 teaspoonful salt 

2 teaspoonful cinnamon or all- 

spice 

V2 cupful sugar 

V2 cupful honey 
1 egg unbeaten 

% teaspoonful soda 
IV2 cupfuls sifted flour 

y^ cupful milk 
IV2 cupfuls rolled oats 

V2 cupful nut meats 
1 cupful seeded raisins. 

These recipes are from the Home 
Economics Committee's Cookie con- 
test of Star Grange. 



Brown Bread 

1 cupful sugar 

% cupful shortening 

2 cupfuls sour milk 
2 eggs 

1 cupful wheat flour 

2 cupfuls graham flour 
2 teaspoonfuls soda 

1 teaspoonful salt 

V2 cupful raisins. 

Cream sugar and shortening, add 
eggs and beat well. Add other in- 
gredients except raisins which flour 
well and add last. Bake in moderate 
oven. 



Asparagus Loaf 

1 No. 2 can green asparagus tips 
1 pimento cut in strips 
1^/^ cupfuls thin white sauce 
5 well-beaten egg yolks 
1 teaspoonful salt 

V4 teaspoonful pepper 
5 stiff-beaten egg whites. 

Line greased, shallow loaf pan with 
asparagus tips ; garnish with pimento 
strips. Add small amount white sauce 
to egg yolks; stir into remaining 
sauce. Add seasonings; fold in egg 
whites. Pour over asparagus, bake in 
pan of hot water in moderate oven 
(350 degrees) 45 to 50 minutes or 
until set. Unmold on platter. Serves 
eight. 



Prince of Wales Cake 

1 cupful sugar 
^/2 cupful molasses 
V2 cupful shortening 

2 eggs 

1 cupful buttermilk or warm water 

2 cupfuls flour 

1 teaspoonful raisins, ground 
1 teaspoonful soda. 

Bake in layers and put together 
with white icing. 



VITAMIN C ABUNDANT 

IN FRESH STRAWBERRIES 

By Lydia Tarrant 

Fresh strav;berries are a great help 
to homemakers who are looking for 
different ways to serve attractive and 
nutritious meals to their families. 



Although the strawberry season is 
short, we do not tire easily of the 
fresh fruit. For this reason, many 
women plan to serve strawberries two 
or three times a day during the grow- 
ing season. 

Home grown strawberries usually 
are sweet enough so that we need 
little or no sugar, and desserts re- 
quiring no sugar are particularly wel- 
come these days. Now is a good time 
for us to develop a taste for fruits 
in their natural state. For dessert, 
we might try a fruit salad made with 
canned peaches, pears, or pineapples 
and generous amounts of strawber- 
ries for color and tartness. The fruit 
salad may be served with a fruit 
dressing, French dressing, or whipped 
cream. Strawberries may be used in 
gelatin desserts, or cornstarch pud- 
dings, or on ice cream. 

A dish of strawberries, served alone 
or on cereal, may help to create an 
appetite for the rest of the breakfast. 



One large serving of fresh strawber- 
ries will furnish nearly all the vita- 
min C needed for a day, and the ber- 
ries can replace the tomato or citrus 
fruits recommended for the winter 
diet. 

You can make the surplus straw- 
berry crop into juice for winter 
meals. Here are the directions : Wash, 
cap, crush, and measure firm ripe 
strawberries. Add one pint of boiling 
water to each gallon of crushed straw- 
berries. Strain juice through a 
cheesecloth. Let stand two hours. 
Strain again if a clearer juice is de- 
sired. Add one cup of sugar to each 
gallon of juice. Heat to simmering. 
Pour into hot jars. Partially seal, 
process 30 minutes in hot water bath 
at simmering temperature, remove 
jars, and complete the seal. 

Strawberries made into juice re- 
quire less sugar than preserves and 
retain more of their vitamin C. 



% 



Our Fashion and Pattern Department 

AU patterns ISc. each in stamps or coin (coin preferred). 




3599 — This is the perfect solution for keep- 
ing the young ones clean this sum- 
naer. Sizes 1, 2, 3 and 4 yrs. Size 
2, for square necked bodice, 1^ 
yds. 35-in. fabric with 3% yds. 
binding. 

2072 — A good two-plecer for almost any 
fabric including seersucker, shark- 
skin or pique. Sizes 12 to 48. Size 
36, 3% yds. 35-ln. fabric. 

3039 — For a quick game of tennis or for 
sunbathing in the back yard. Sizes 
10 to 20. Size 16, dress, 3 yds. 35- 
ln. fabric with 1 VA yds. 35-ln. 
fabric for the bolero. 

2627 — One never has too many frocks that 
button down the front as they are so 
easy to slip into. Sizes 12 to 48. 
Size 36, 3% yds. 35-ln. fabric with 
Mi yd. contrasting. 



2719 — A two-plecer for the Junior set and 
one they will live in all summer. 
Sizes 8 to 16. Size 12. 3% yds. 
35-ln. fabric. 

2044 — 'You can have your pick here or take 
both as you prefer. The pattern is 
cut so that you can make a Jacket 
or a blouse or both with this 
jumper. Sizes 12 to 46. Size 36, 
short sleeved blouse, 2 yds. 35-ln. 
fabric ; long sleeved Jacket blouse, 
2% yds. 35-ln. fabric; Jumper, 3 
yds. 35-in. fabric. 

3579 — .A simple shirtwaist type frock with 
beautifully tailored lines. Sizee 12 
to 48. Size 36, 3% yds. 35-in. 
fabric. 

3533 — You win have a hard time finding an 
easier pattern to make than this 
cute child's dress. Sizes 2 to 8 yrs. 
Size 4. IVi yds. 35-ln. fabric with 
1 % yds. edging. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 
427 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



'■'0. 

i 



I 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1943 



May, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



OUR JUVENILE GRANGES 

MRS. LUCY SHUMWAY, Wyalusing 



MAY 

Spring's last-born darling, clear-eyed, 

sweet. 
Pauses a moment, with twinkling 

feet. 
And golden locks in breezy play, 
Half teasing and half tender, to 

repeat 
Her song of "May." ' 

— Susan Coolidge. 



May, originally the third month of 
the ancient Roman calendar, became 
the fifth month in the revised calen- 
dar. The origin of the name is un- 
certain, but it is supposed to have 
come from Maia, the mother of Mer- 
cury. Maia was the eldest of the 
Pleiades, the seven daughters of 
Atles and Pleione. The Romans 
identified her with Maia Majesta, an 
old Italian goddess of spring to whom 
the priests of Vulcan made sacrifices 
on the first day of May. 

The Romans regarded the month as 
unlucky for marriages because the 
festival for the unhappy dead and the 
festival of Bona Dea, the goddess of 
chastity, were celebrated in May. 

The belief that May is an unlucky 
month for marriage, which has sur- 
vived among other races even until 
the present day, is supposed to ac- 
count for the popularity of June as 
the month for weddings. 

Did you think that only twentieth 
century farmers milked their cows 
three times a day? Then it may be 
interesting to learn that the old Anglo 
Saxons called this month "Thrimilce" 
because during this period they milked 
their cows three times a day. 



will all want to observe that day this 
year. 

The Sunday nearest June seven- 
teenth is Father's Day. Mother's Day 
has been very popular with Juveniles. 
Why not be just as enthusiastic in our 
observance of Father's Day? 

June twenty-third is the date of 
Penn's Treaty with the Indians. The 
Swedish people have a lovely festival 
called Midsummer Day, which falls 
on June 24th. They brought this fes- 
tival with them to America and many 
groups have used it as the basis for a 



very interesting program. Find out 
about it from your County Librarian. 
June twenty-seventh is the birthday 
of Helen Keller. 



GARDEN DAYS 

When you read this your Victory 
gardens will all be planted, we hope, 
and straight green rows will be mak- 
ing their appearance all over Penn- 
sylvania. Probably every farm boy 
and girl helps weed, and hoe, and care 
for the family garden, but this year 
we hope that most of you also have a 
garden plot of your own and that you 
may be able to sell the produce from 
these small gardens and add the in- 
come to the money you are investing 
in war bonds. When you have added 
to the nation's food supply and m- 



SPRING SALE 

I'm going out of business. 
Said May as June appeared. 

And I have many things on sale 
With prices sheared. 

Come buy a fragrant memory 

Of apple trees at night, 
Of love beneath pale blossoms, 

And moon with magic light. 

Or buy a patch of violets, 

A robin's plaintive song, 
A lilac scented evening — 

The sale will not last long. 

I must be moved by June the first. 

My lease will then expire. 
And June will occupy this store 

Her prices will be higher. 



THINGS TO DO IN JUNE 

If you are featuring the celebration 
of great American days on your pro- 
grams for this year you may like to 
remember some of these : 

June seventh, the birthday of Dan- 
iel Boone, (Did you know that Boone 
was a Pennsylvania Quaker?) 

The second Sunday in June is Chil- 
dren's Day. In several small country 
churches with few workers this pro- 
gram is sponsored by the Grange. 

This Sunday is also Rose Day at 
Manheim. The folk living in the 
southern part of our state know about 
this day. Perhaps many of you do 
not. It is an interesting story and 
brings in a bit of Pennsylvania his- 
tory that you should know. Juveniles 
who are in high school should read 
"One Red Rose Forever" for one of 
their book reports. 

June fourteenth is Flag Day. You 



Do You Belong to the JINS? 



Y 



'OU know about the WINS— women in national servic^but have 
1 you heard about the JINS? Yes. You have guessed it, JINb 
stands for Juveniles in National Service. . 

The insignia is four V's with the letters JINS above all in red. The 
four V's stand for the four things you must do in order to have your 
Juvenile Grange enrolled in the Pennsylvania Order of JINS. When 
you have done these four things you will be privileged to place the 
insignia on the window or wall of your Juvenile room and your mem- 
bers may wear it on their sleeves. Also the notice of your enrollment 
will be printed on this page. What are the four things you must do i 

Firs^— Every member of your Juvenile must be buying war stamps or 

bonds. 
Second— Eyerj member must be helping to salvage scrap. 

Third— Eyerj member must be helping the war effort in at least one 
other way— helping to produce food, doing part of the work of some 
adult who is thus released for war work, sewing or knitting for 
the Red Cross, etc. 
Fourth— Every member must take the JINS pledge. This pledge should 
be administered by your Matron before the alter of your Grange. 
It may be taken collectively or individually, and is as follows: 
"I promise to be careful of all the materials which I use in any 
way— with special thought for things which contain vital war 
materials. I will, as far as possible, repair my own clothing and 
things which I break. I will not waste food, either by refusing to 
eat the food which is prepared for me, or by eating large quantities 
of sweets or other food which I do not need. 

"I promise to obey the rules of good health. I will try to keep 
my body well and strong, and will do what I can to protect the 
health of others. 

"I will learn and obey the rules of safety. I will try and remem- 
ber that toys left where people may stumble over them, hoes, rakes 
or sharp tools left lying around, matches used carelessly, etc., are 
all saboteurs, capable of helping our enemy. I will not only be 
careful in the things I do myself, but will try and form the habit 
of looking for things which might injure people, animals, or tires 
and will try and remove such hazards. 

"Realizing that the welfare of our country depends on those who 
have learned to do in the right way the things that make civiliza- 
tion possible; I will get the best education I can; I will take a 
real interest in work; I will be cooperative, always doing as 
quickly and as well as possible anything that may be assigned to 
me in the way of group activity. 

"Realizing that if our America is to become ever greater and 
better her citizens must be loyal, devotedly faithful, full of courage 
and regardful of their honor ; I will strive to be loyal to my home, 
loyal to my school, to my community, my state ana my nation. I 
will be loyal to humanity and to civilization. I will do my best to 
help the friendly relation of my country with every other country, 
and to give every one in every land the best possible chance. I 
will work and achieve if I can, some good for the civilization into 
which I have been born." 

This pledge — which is a big one — has been partly taken from the 
Good American code prepared by Wm. J. Hutchins, which was awarded 
first place in a national competition conducted by the Character Edu- 
cation Institute of Washington, D. C. As a part of your good-citizen- 
ship program for this year, you might like to make a study of this 
whole code. You could get a copy for each one of your members by 
sending twenty-five cents to the National Education Association of 
Washington, D. C. Ask for "Personal Growth Leaflet 62." 

We believe that every Juvenile Grange in Pennsylvania should 
belong to the JINS. To encourage this we are offering a prize of $1.00 
in war savings stamps — as a starter toward the bond that we trust you 
are planning to buy this year — to the first Juvenile to enroll. Send 
along your picture if possible and also $1.00 in stamps to the Juvenile 
which at the end of the year has done the best job as JINS. If you 
have any questions send them in immediately so that they may be 
answered on the June page. 



vested the money in bonds you have 
fired two shots at your country's 
enemies. Perhaps we were awfully 
busy with school work and other 
things and failed to get our garden 
in. If you have a plot of ground 
there is still time to rush out and put 
in a few seeds for victory — ^beans for 
instance. One of our country poets 
says: 

"Wars are fought in many ways — 
Swords and shields of ancient days, 
Grapeshot — muskets — cavalry. 
Now the planes of land and sea 
But no matter how nor when 
These are manned by fighting men, 
And fighting men need wholesome 

food; 
The very best is none too good, 
Yet commissaries always lean 
Firmly on the humble bean. 
Take this lesson to your heart — 
If you yearn to be a part 
Of the military scene 
Cultivate the common bean." 



TREES CAN'T LIVE 

WITHOUT BIRDS 

Insectivorous and song birds are 
getting to their business of finding 
northern summer homes earlier this 
year than usual — and in large num- 
bers. 

District Foresters of the State De- 
partment of Forests and Waters have 
reported extraordinary migration of 
birds of all types. Robins have been 
'North for several weeks and other 
songsters are reportedly weeks ahead 
of schedule. 

Foresters frequently call birds the 
health officers of the trees as well as 
tree planters and for this reason they 
watch carefully the annual migra- 
tions. It is an undisputed fact, they 
say, the forest and shade tree exist- 
ence, deprived of assistance of brid 
life, would be next to impossible. 

Birds comprise the greatest single 
foe of insect life and the total damage 
to trees and plants by pests run into 
annual staggering sums. Whenever 
unhealthy conditions prevail as a re- 
sult of insect attacks, birds are sure 
to discover them and do something to 
remedy the situation. Every part of 
the tree owes something to birds, say 
the foresters. 

Actual studies have shown that one- 
third of the food of the hairy wood- 
pecker consists of the larvae of wood- 
boring beetles. Ants are its second 
staple food, forming seventy per cent 
of the total, including many carpenter 
ants which hollow out and contribute 
to the utter destruction of full grown 
trees. 

The downy woodpecker is a great 
enemy of the coddling moth, which 
causes "wormy apples," and feeds on 
the eggs of the caterpillars. The com- 
mon English Sparrow is a persistent 
foe of the Japanese beetle. 

Foresters urge protection of all 
birds, particularly during the Spring 
when it is possible to assist in provi- 
sion of nesting materials, construc- 
tion and erection of bird houses and 
the planting of trees in which the 
birds will find, year after year, some 
food, shelter, and nesting places. 



SEED FOR PLANTING 

ALLIED FARM LANDS 

Deliveries of agricultural commodi- 
ties for shipment to the Allied na- 
tions during February included more 
than 12,000,000 pounds of seed for 
use in replanting and restoring Allieji 
farm land liberated from Axis domi- 
nation, the U. S. Department of Agri- 
U I culture reports. 



AMONG THE GRANGES 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



SOMERSET POMONA MEETS 

Somerset County Pomona Grange, 
1^0. 39, niet with Shanksville Grange 
in the Stony creek Township Consoli- 
dated School recently. 

The Worthy Master, Luther C. 
Long, of Listie was in charge of the 
meeting. 

Greetings were extended to the vis- 
itors by Prof. R. B. Earner, Supervis- 
ing Principal of Stonycreek Schools. 

The response was delivered by A. A. 
Slagle of Quomahoning Grange. The 
forenoon session was devoted to busi- 
ness, reports of committees, etc. The 
afternoon session was opened by the 
Shanksville School Band with several 
musical numbers. 

Devotions were in charge of Rev. 
Groninger, pastor of Shanksville Lu- 
theran church. 

Prof. J. H. Huffiington of State 
College Vegetable Gardening Depart- 
ment spoke on the subject "Food in 
Wartime." He gave a very interest- 
ing and instructive discussion on the 
use of fertilizer, how to apply it, prep- 
aration of the soil to the best advan- 
tage and so as to insure the best re- 
sults. He also illustrated his talk with 
slides showing various plants and 
methods of planting for best results, 
closing his lecture with a reel of mov- 
ing pictures illustrating methods of 
soil preparation and planting. 

"Ways to Conserve Sugar and Fats 
in Wartime" was discussed by Miss 
Miriam Rico, Home Economics repre- 
sentative in Somerset County. Miss 
Rico explained how honey, maple 
syrup, etc., may be substituted for 
sugar. She also explained how to se- 
cure the greatest amount of sweeten- 
ing power from sweets; also, how to 
conserve fats and use them most 
wisely. 

C. C. McDowell spoke on "Food for 
Freedom." 

At the evening session Mr. R. A. 
(rilmour showed several reels of mov- 
ing pictures, some local and some 
views of scenes in Florida, which were 
Pnjnyed by everyone present. 

The following resolutions were 
passed. 

Whereas, We are in a great war 
wliieh was not of our choice, but was 
forced upon us by the fiendish ban- 
ditry of enemy outlaws, and 

AVhereas, We believe it is our sa- 
cred duty to put an end to, for all 
time, of any possibility of a repetition 
of such banditry, and 

Whereas, We have tried to fight 
tliis war along lines of selfish inter- 
ests, political strategy, planned econ- 
omy, social security, regimentation, 
restraint of trade, restriction of pro- 
duction, hoarding food supplies, wast- 
ing food and essential materials, until 
we have almost arrived at the point of 
food and material shortage, and by 
^nese experiments are prolonging the 
J^'ar and unnecessarily sacrificing the 
'ives of our boys in uniform, and 

^^ FiKREAS, We are confident that our 
nation was not built upon whirlwinds, 
and no nation can long endure unless 
J^e have freedom of individuality, ini- 
tiative, virtue, thrift, and opportunity 
lor attainment. Therefore, be it 

Kpsolved, That we most heartily 
disapprove of and protest against 
"lese experiments, which are nothing 
P^ore than air castles, erected in the 
jmmature minds of petty politicians, 
«na thrust upon the public who are 

tl A ^- ^^^^"^ to w^" the victory over 
"6 Axis that they are accepted with- 



out due consideration. And be it 
further 

Resolved, That we appeal to those 
in authority, and to all true Ameri- 
cans, to discard all these foolish ex- 
periments and rebuild our nation on 
the solid foundations laid by our na- 
tion's founders, and earnestly call 
upon the Great Master Builder for 
guidance and follow His leadership. 

Whereas, There is a shortage of 
schoolteachers in the State of Penn- 
sylvania due to many being called into 
the armed service, but largely due to 
higher wages being paid in industries 
and other professions. Therefore be it 

Resolved, That this Somerset Coun- 
ty Pomona Grange go on record fa- 
voring an increase in teachers' salar- 
ies as set forth in the temporary and 
long range salary bills now before the 
Legislature, authorizing these increas- 
es without adding any additional 
taxes on real estate, and be it further 

Resolved, That copies of these reso- 
lutions be sent to our State Senator 
and to our Assemblymen. 

Whereas, With present high prices 
of feeds and increased wages which 
increase the cost of production of but- 
ter which in turn has been responsible 
for creating a greater demand for 
oleomargarine, and. 

Whereas, There has been an at- 
tempt made in the present session of 
the Legislature to remove the tax on 
and license fee for the sale of oleo- 
margarine which would have a tend- 
ency to reduce the price of this butter 
substitute and thereby affect the price 
of butter and lowering the producers' 
profit. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we go on record op- 
posing any action of the Legislature 
to remove or reduce the existing taxes 
or license fees on oleomargarine, and, 
be it further 

Resolved, That copies of this resolu- 
tion be sent to our State Senator and 
to our Assemblymen. 

Whereas, There has been an at- 
tempt by many elements and groups 
in our country to break down the Sab- 
bath and repeal existing laws. There- 
fore, be it 

Resolved, That we go on record as 
being opposed to repeal of our Sab- 
bath laws or any letdown in Sabbath 
observance. Be it further 

Resolved, That copies of these reso- 
lutions be sent to our Legislators. 



COLUMBIA AND LOWER 
LUZERNE POMONA MEETS 
WITH VALLEY GRANGE 
IN LIVELY PROGRAM 

Pomona Grange, No. 5, met with 
the Valley Grange at Millville, Pa., 
on April 9. The Worthy Master, 
Jack Fairchild, had charge during 
the three sessions. Forenoon session 
was given to arranging for the day's 
business, reports of district deputies, 
state deputy and the Subordinate 
Granges. The host Grange served a 
roast pork dinner. 

The Worthy Lecturer and the 
Home Kconomic Committee present- 
ed the following program in the after- 
noon session: the Home Economic 
Committee distributed bulletins to 
each member for victory gardens and 
home canning and cooking; also a 
sample package of cereal and urged 
all to use much cereal in their diet. 

The afternoon literary program was 
filled with the Easter message, in 
charge of the W'orthy Lecturer, Mar- 
jorie Megargle. Opening song, Amer- 



ica the Beautiful. Talk by Geo. 
Welsh on pending legislation. Piano 
duet by Marion Yost and Marjorie 
Megargle. An Easter message by 
Rev. T. J. Hopkins of the Espy Meth- 
odist charge who used the egg, the 
butterfly and the seed to illustrate the 
Easter story. Duet, "They Nailed 
Him to the Cross," by Marion Yost 
and John linger. 

Twenty mothers who have sons or 
daughters in the service were each 
honored with a corsage and were ad- 
dressed by the Rev. Hopkins. A read- 
ing was given by Lillian Kline, "Here 
Comes the Bride." Fred Naegely of 
Ithaca, N. Y., gave a brief outline of 
the manpower situation in our nation. 
Four numbers were rendered by girls' 
quintet of the Millville high school, 
Mary Louise Reece, Chilis Ikler, Fay 
Litter, Vivian Welliver and Carol 
Lansdale, accompanied by Mrs. Roy 
Ikler. Two numbers on the saxophone 
by Fay Litter, accompanied by Mrs. 
Roy Ikler. The host Grange served 
supper. 

In the evening session we received 
the report of the Executive Commit- 
tee, Resolution and Application Com- 
mittees and finished the day's busi- 
ness. Worthy Master appointed Frank 
Sands, Bryson Longenberger and 
Harry Long to go to State College in 
June to help elect trustees, and it was 
decided to go to Salem Grange for 
the meeting on June 11, 1943. 

Song, "Loves Old Sweet Song." 

Harry Long and wife, who had just 
recently been married, were given an 
old-fashioned belling followed with a 
number of pep songs led by Mrs. Pal- 
mer Heller. 

Mr. George Slocum of Milton, Pa., 
gave a very instructive discussion on 
farm problems and said our biggest 
problem is to help win the war. 

Song, "The Call to Action," (tune 
of Onward Christian Soldiers). Two 
solos, "Can You Hear Me Calling, 
Caroline" and "When Pa Was Court- 
ing Ma," by Jean Harrison. Musical 
reading, "The Old Grey Mare Is Back 
Again" by Harold Bowman. 

Spelling bee with Harold Hidley as 
leader and 14 patrons participating. 
Mrs. Charles Reymonsyder remained 
longest, therefore received the prize, 
which was war stamps. 

The day's activities were closed 
with the friendship circle, after which 
the Home Economic Committee, Lil- 
lian Kline, Helen Gordner, W^anda 
Kimber, served refreshments. 



FRIEDENSBURG GRANGE 

HAS LARGE CLASS 

Friedensburg Grange No. 1291, of 
Schuylkill County, is taking in a class 
of eleven candidates this spring. The 
attendance in this Grange has been 
very good. There are more young peo- 
ple than old folks, and nearly all the 
officers are young people. The Lec- 
turer has been doing a splendid job 
of preparing fine programs of interest 
to all. 



MONROE-PIKE POMONA 

HOLDS MEETING 

Victory Gardening, illustrated with 
slides, was an outstanding feature of 
the spring meeting of Monroe-Pike 
Pomona Grange, guest of Tannersville 
Grange on March 20, at afternoon and 
evening sessions, when the public was 
invited to hear an address by A. E. 
Ifft, Monroe County Agricultural 
Agent. 

Mr. Ifft presented views of large 
and small gardens, indicating the ar- 
rangement of rows of vegetables and 
other garden growths, as well as their 
drainage, tilling, and general upkeep. 
He indicated the value of the various 
kinds of fertilizer for soil fertility and 



also showed the economics value of 
Victory Farms. 

Five candidates were obligated at 
the evening session, which followed a 
splendid supper. The evening attend- 
ance was seventy-three members. 
Eighteen visitors from Carbon County 
were present. 

Miss Corielle, dietitian of the State 
Teachers' College, judged the sugar 
cookies and gave an enlightening talk 
on the various vitamins and their con- 
tribution to health. A varied Lec- 
turer's program was presented at the 
afternoon session and was enjoyed by 
all. 

The resolutions committee unani- 
mously favored an increase in salaries 
of teachers due to the increased cost 
of living. Another resolution passed, 
favoring a high tax on oleomargarine. 



COMING EVENTS 

May 15 — Centre County Pomo- 
na Grange, No. 13, will meet 
with East Penns Valley 
Grange. 

May 19 — Dauphin County Po- 
mona Grange, No. 60, will 
meet with Success Grange, 
Dauphin. 

June 1 — Butler County Pomo- 
na Grange, No. 17, will meet 
with Jackson Grange. 

June 4 — Berks County Pomona 
Grange, No. 43, will meet at 
Topton Lutheran Home, with 
Pioneer Grange as host. 

June 4 — Lehigh and Northamp- 
ton Pomona Grange, No. 68, 
will meet with Harmony 
Grange, Pennsville. 

June 15 — Fayette County Po- 
mona Grange, No. 49, will 
meet in Curfew Grange Hall. 



KEYSTONE GRANGE 

NO. 2 CELEBRATES 

70TH ANNIVERSARY 

On March 17th, a covered dish sup- 
per preceded the Anniversary meeting 
of Keystone Grange No. 2; the oldest 
active Grange in Pennsylvania. The 
tables were attractively decorated with 
green and white crepe paper and green 
shamrocks in honor of St. Patrick's 
day. 

The opening of the meeting found 
the hall crowded with members and 
friends. The anniversary song opened 
the literary program with the Worthy 
Master, Wm. H. Gottshall speaking a 
few words of welcome. A vocal solo, 
"To Thee Beloved Grange," by Chris- 
tian Hunsicker was followed with the 
address of the evening by Mrs. Rich- 
ard Burroughs, Past Lecturer of Po- 
mona No. 3. A cornet solo "Melody 
in F" by Eugene Bechtel, The History 
of the Grange, compiled and presented 
by Mrs. Blanche Allebach, Flora of 
Pennsylvania State Grange, and vocal 
solo "Sing Me to Sleep," by Mrs. Wes- 
ley Zollers. Presentation of the Silver 
Star Certificates was made by the Lec- 
turer, Florence Hunsicker to 19 mem- 
bers as follows: Mr. and Mrs. A. D. 
Gotwals, Mrs. H. D. Allebach, Mrs. 
Esther Tyson, Mrs. A. D. Hunsicker, 
Mr. and Mrs, Harry Cassell, Mrs. Jen- 
nie Brunner, Irvin Bechtel, Alvin 
Funk, Mr. and Mrs. F. G. Fuhrman, 
Harold Allebach, Mrs. Flora Under- 
coffler, Mrs. Guy Johnson, Paul Lacey, 
Earl Brunner, Mrs. Sarah Bechtel, 
Jerome Gennaria. 

Greetings and good wishes were 
brought from several other nearby 
Granges. The program closed with 
the singing of "God Bless America." 
It was interesting to note that the 
70th Anniversary found three genera- 



k 



X\ 



i.-i 



■^1 




1 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1943 



tions of one of the founders present, 
including 13 relatives. The 70th 
Birthday also found the order in ex- 
cellent financial standing and with 20 
applications of new members on hand. 



LITTLE GAP HOST TO 

POMONA GRANGE 



Little Gap Grange was host to Car- 
bon County Pomona Grange Ko. 67, 
March 13, at a meeting in which 
health was the principal theme. 

Mrs. William Diehl of Big Creek 
Grange, newly-appointed co-lecturer, 
presented a program of recitations, 
musical numbers, skits, and talks by 
Rachael Whalen, Carbon County's 
home economics representative, and 
by N. M. Rahn, the county agricul- 
tural agent. Principal speaker was 
Mrs. Goldie Bartholomew, executive 
secretary of the Carbon County Tu- 
berculosis and Public Health Society. 
Miss Whalen stressed the impor- 
tance of canning and preserving fruits 
and vegetables. "For each individual," 
she said, "sixty quarts of vegetables 
and thirty quarts of fruit are needed 
in order to provide two servings of 
vegetables and one of fruit for each 
day in the year." 

"It is better," she continued, "to 
include a large number of different 
varieties to make possible a better 
proportion of vitamins." Home can- 
ning, she pointed out, in addition to 
assuring one a supply of food, releases 
an equal amount of commercially 
canned food for the services. Miss 
Whalen advised the use of coffee jars 
for foods which do not require a long 
processing time, such as pickles and 
tomatoes. 

Mr. Rahn's address stressed the ne- 
cessity for increasing the production 
of food to maintain a healthy nation. 
Desired increases in potatoes and corn 
he listed at 25 per cent: milk, hogs 
and eggs, 16 per cent ; poultry, 28 per 
cent, and turkeys* 1'7 per cent. Where 
an increased acreage is impossible, 
increased yield may be feasible by us- 
ing a better grade of disease free seed 
and high grade poultry and livestock. 
Soybeans, high in protein, is recom- 
mended as a dairy feed to replace com- 
mercial dairy feed, now cut 15 per 
cent in protein: 

Mrs. Bartholomew used the motion 
picture "Diagnosis and Prevention of 
Tuberculosis" and "Nutrition for 
Good Health" as the basis for explain- 
ing the work of the County Tubercu- 
losis and Health Society. Evidence 
seems to indicate that tuberculosis 
can best be prevented by providing a 
properly balanced diet, she said. She 
asked that she be informed of any 
person ill with tuberculosis at the 
present time. The "white plague" as 
it is called, tends to reveal itself 
mostly in individuals aged 16 to 40. 

Musical entertainment was fur- 
nished by the Kunkle sisters and the 
Billig brothers. Supper was served 
by ladies of the host grange. 

The evening session, at which de- 
grees were conferred, was attended by 
eighty persons. Guests were William 
Hessler, Master of Hamilton Grange, 
Monroe County, Mrs. Hessler and son 
John; Mr. and Mrs. Frank Thomas, 
also of the same oragnization. 

Legislation now pending in the 
General Assembly came in for much 
discussion. Next host to the Pomona 
meeting will be Friendship Grange 
No. 1799 of East Penn Township. 



LANCASTER POMONA 

HOLDS SPRING MEETING 

The spring meeting of the Lancas- 
ter County Pomona Grange was held 
in the Y. W. C. A. Auditorium, Lan- 
caster, on April 10, with Master 
John M. Bruckart presiding. 



A Memorial Service was conducted 
by the Lecturer, Mrs. Howard Wal- 
ton, for the following deceased mem- 
bers during the past year : Mrs. Cassie 
Bolton, Fulton ; Martin Angstadt and 
John Beard, Ephrata; and Stephen 
Levan and George Howard, Salisbury. 
A resolution opposing the reduction 
of the license fees on the sale of oleo, 
and one requesting the Blue Network 
to restore the time for the National 
Grange Hour, were adopted. A third 
resolution was adopted, which read 
as follows: 

"Whereas, We feel that Plan C for 
the control of Bangs disease in dairy 
cows through calfhood vaccination is 
a step in the right direction, we also 
feel that a large portion of its effec- 
tiveness is spoiled by the inclusion of 
a quarantine on all animals in the 
herd, which prohibits their sale ex- 
cept for meat; therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That we request the Bu- 
reau of Animal Industry of the State 
of Pennsylvania to remove this quar- 
antine from their regulations." 

Interesting discussions on "War- 
time Adjustments of Rural People" 
and "Increased Production in Poultry 
Dairy, Gardening and Trucking" 
were presented during the Lecturer's 
Hour. Other numbers included a 
reading in dialect by John Hording, 
of Ephrata; piano solo. Miss Edith 
Walton, Colerain; vocal solos by Miss 
Louise Phillips, Fremont Grange, 
Chester County; and a roll call of 
otticers on "What I have contributed 
to the war effort." 

It was decided to dispense with the 
summer picnic session and meet again 
the second Saturday of November in 
the Y. W. C. A., Lancaster. 



"My Victory Garden," after which 
the Juvenile Grange sang 'Ihe 
Grange Is Marching On." 

The storing of fruits and vegetables 
in a home freezing unit was the sub- 
ject discussed by Furman H. Gyger, 
Jr. This was followed by a general 
discussion which proved educational 
as well as interesting. Mrs. Albert 
Eaches gave an instrumental solo, 
"The Country Gardens." "Shall We 
Plant Flowers in Our Victory Gar- 
den" was ably discussed by Mrs. Paul 
Barton. She felt that a few flowers 
would help to keep up the morale of 
the family which is very much needed 
too, as well as food. Farmer John im- 
personated by Walter Cook gave his 
old-time philosophy on planting gar- 
dens. 

The old favorite poem for spring 
by Edgar A. Guest, "A Package of 
Seeds," was then read by Minnie Barr. 
After the Grange sang "America the 
Beautiful," the program was brought 
to a close with a short poem, "Making 
a Garden," by Mrs. Furman H. Gy- 
ger Sr. 

SUGAR FOR CANNING 

ON LAST YEAR'S BASIS 



INTERESTING PANEL 

DISCUSSION 



Lewistown Grange No. 1639, of 
Schuylkill County recently sponsored 
a panel discussion under the direc- 
tion of Miss Margaret Little, of State 
College. The theme was "What Kind 
of Family Life Do We Want i" 

Points discussed by the panel group 
were: 

1. What do we mean by family life^ 

2. What do we expect to get out of 
our living in a family i 

3. What can we give to family life ( 

4. How can we make common ac- 
tivities contribute most to family life ( 

5. How can money matters be 
handled satisfactorily to all i 

6. What shall be the aim of disci- 
pline ? 

7. Who is responsible for discipline i 

8. Who should be in authority i 

9. How can there be a satisfactory 
distribution of labor i 

10. What is the relationship be- 
tween family living, community liv- 
ing, and government i 

Those who took part were I'arl and 
Claude Boyer, Roscoe and Richard 
Koch, John Bassler, Donald Ben- 
singer, Mrs. Allen Leiby, Mrs. Isaiah 
Ileisler, Miss Ora Merkel and Miss 
Little. 



Sugar for home-canning of 1943 
fruit crops will be available to house- 
wives on approximately the same basis 
as last season. Price Administrator 
Prentiss M. Brown has announced. 

No deduction of blue (processed 
foods) point stamps will be made 
from War Ration Book Two for sugar 
obtained for this purpose. 

In the 1942 season, housewives ap- 
plied to their local boards for allot- 
ments of sugar on the basis of one 
pound for each four quarts of fruit 
that it was planned to can, and, in 
addition, for one pound for each mem- 
ber of the family. Roughly the same 
pattern will be used to give home- 
canning sugar allotments this year, 
although there will be some refine- 
ments in procedure. 

"The allotment of sugar for home- 
canning reflects my desire to see 
America's housewives preserve the 
fullest possible amount of the 1943 
fruit crop," Mr. Brown stated. "We 
cannot afford to let fruit go bad for 
want of sugar to preserve it; even 
though sugar itself is rationed. 

"The demands of war on our sup- 
plies of processed foods have made 
rationing necessary and, admittedly, 
the rations are 'tight.' By means of 
home-canning, housewives will be able 
to add to their family supplies of pre- 
served fruits next fall and winter 
when fresh fruits become seasonally 



lous offers resemble old style patent 
medicine advertisements and are like- 
ly to mislead inexperienced and trust- 
ful buyers. 

As an example, Neil W. Stuart and 
W. D. McClellan of the Bureau of 
Plant Industry reported recently on 
several chemicals now offered that are 
supposed to control bulb disease and 
to improve flower production. Con- 
trolled tests with narcissus at Belts- 
ville revealed, however, that several of 
these not only failed to control, but 
actually promoted, disease. Bulbs 
were damaged seriously. "Treated" 
bulbs developed basal rot, caused by a 
fungus. It was the growth of this 
fungus, rather than the bulb that was 
"promoted" by the chemical. — U. 8. 
Department of Agriculture. 

MAN POWER 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

Perhaps he was thinking of the 
American farm and the American 
farmer as related to the preservation 
of our free enterprise system upon 
which American achievement was 
based. Perhaps he envisioned a time 
when paternalism tinged with other 
unamerican isms would threaten the 
continuation of free enterprise and 
American democracy as established 
by the pioneer patriots of early Amer- 
ica. 



scarce. 

"Details of the plan will be made 
public within a short while. Our ob- 
jective is to make it possible for 
housewives to get their necessary sup- 
plies of sugar with the least trouble 
and red tape." 



May, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



HOME ECONOMICS PROGRAM 
AT KIMBERTON GRANGE 

Kimberton Grange No. 1304 held 
its first Home Economics program on 
March 23 with the Chairman, Mrs. 
Cleveland Gow in charge. She had 
selected Gardening as her theme and 
opened the program with greetings 
from the National Grange Home Eco- 
nomics Chairman, Lida Ives. 

The Grange then sang "Sowing the 
Seed" which was followed by a talk 
on Victory Gardens by Millard Twad- 
dell. Albert Raichle, Assistant Stew- 
ard of the Juvenile Grange, recited 
in a very able manner a poem entitled 



"CURE" PROMOTED 

THE DISEASE 

Experience with "growth regulating 
substances" shows they should not be 
used indiscriminately, the U. S. De- 
partment of Agriculture warns. A 
treatment helpful with one plant may 
harm another. Plant science does not 
yet supply satisfactory and reliable ex- 
planations of how these chemicals pro- 
duce the remarkable results they do 
in some cases. The most experienced 
scientific workers cannot predict the 
results of a "treatment," says the 
Agricultural Research Administra- 
tion. It is still necessary to test and 
observe results. 

Reliable chemical concerns market- 
ing these substances now recognize 
this, and limit recommendations ac- 
cordingly. Some of the less scrunu- 



American farmers generally and 
American farm leaders are keen in 
their appreciation of American op- 
portunity for achievement. They 
have done their best to secure com- 
pensatory prices for farm produce 
without federal subsidy. All they 
ask is a price that will enable them 
to compete in the labor market and 
continue the abundant production for 
which they are world famous. When 
more of our people are familiar with 
the long hours and low incomes of 
our American farms, much of the 
criticism hurled at our farm leaders 
and the so-called farm bloc in Con- 
gress will be turned to praise in the 
interest of more food to win the war. 
And now in conclusion, as I see 
the average American farmer with- 
out sufficient manpower or equipment, 
eager to perform his full share in this 
great world struggle and fully realiz- 
ing that he is "the anchor which will 
hold through the storms of time that 
sweep all else away," I can hear him 
say with the poet : 

"Be strong! 
We are not here to play, to dream, 

to drift; 
We have hard work to do, and loads 

to lift; 
Shun not the struggle, face it, it's 

God's gift ; 
Be strong! 
Say not the days are evil — ^who's to 

blame ? 
And fold the hands and acquiesce— 

O shame I 
Stand up, speak out, and bravely, i° 

God's name; 
Be strong! 

It matters not how deep the wrong, 
How hard the battle goes, the day 

how long; 
Faint not— Fight on! Tomorrow 

comes the Dawn." 



INOPPORTUNE 

By Rose O'Neil 

A child in wild flowers up to his knee 

Said, "I feel the blue ones pushing me. 

The butterflies all are riding in herds 

And the little bird's eggs are full of 
birds; 

I think the clouds are talking about 
me 

And the trees can't do very well with- 
out me; 

The valleys are misty and full of sea, 

And the hills are floating and calling 
me. 

The hills are ships and they call and 
shout, 

And I'll sail with them till the stars 
come out." 

But some old men came out of their 

attics 
And told him a lot about mathematics, 
And lectured upon what mists are 

made of 
And elements all bird's eggs are laid 

of. 
The geologists pulled the hills to 

shreds ; 
One withered the wild flowers in their 

beds 
With a Latinish name for everything. 
And abashed the butterflies on the 

wing. 
One informed the stars right to their 

faces 
How slow the light travels from their 

places. 
And embarrassed the sky till it burst 

in thunder. 
The child's long lashes had tears in 

under. 
He said, "I only wanted to wonder." 



HYBRIDS IN CORN BELT 

During the last ten years, the twelve 
corn-belt states increased their acre- 
age of hybrid corn from 144 thousand 
acres to 38 million acres. These states 
are still looking to hybrids to help 
corn growers meet 1943 war goals, 
and in turn, maintain livestock pr^' 
duct ion and supply industrial needs 
for corn. Corn is used in manufactur* 
ing alcohol, sugar, starch and other 
war supplies. 



CANNED GREENS GIVE 

LIFT TO WINTER MEALS 

Eleanor B. Winters 

Every gardener is urged to grow 
greens in his garden not only to eat 
fresh during the growing season but 
also to have some to can for next win- 
ter's meals. Greens, both the wild 
and cultivated varieties, can be canned 
successfully at home. 

Greens are included among the non- 
acid vegetables and it is suggested 
that homemakers follow carefully the 
recommended directions for canning 
them. The pressure cooker is recom- 
mended for processing greens, for it 
18 possible under 10 pounds pressure 
to reach a temperature high enough 
to kill the bacteria more readily than 
by processing in any other way. How- 
ever, some homemakers have been suc- 
cessful in using the boiling water 
bath for processing greens. If using 
a pressure cooker, read carefully the 
directions that are with it. 

The following method is suggested 
for canning greens : 

1. Have all jars and supplies clean 
and ready for use. 

2. Select greens that are at their 
oest stage for canning, wash thor- 
J^<?nly, steam or cook in uncovered 
pttle until completely wilted. Pack 
!" jars hot, filling jars to within i/4 
'n^n from top. 

3- Add 1 teaspoon of salt to each 
jjiiart of greens, putting salt either on 
t>ottom of jar or on top of greens. 

4- Cut contents in jar with a knife 
JJ loosen and allow water to seep 
^nrough and air to escape. 

•>. Fill jars with fresh boiling water 
'^ Procns are strong flavored. 

y. Seal jars and process. In the 
pressure cooker at 10 pounds pressure, 
process pint jars 60 minutes and quart 
^ars 6a minutes. In the boiling water 
ath, process pint jars 160 minutes 
J"a quart jars 180 minutes, keeping 
Ui/^^I^^ boiling in the processing 
^mio the entire time. The processing 

riod begins when the water starts 
^'» boil. 



7. At end of processing period, re- 
move jars. If using the pressure 
cooker, allow the pressure gauge to 
return to zero before removing the 
cover and taking out the jars. For 
the boiling water bath remove the jars 
at once. Complete the seal on all jars, 
depending upon the type of covers 
used. 

Detailed directions for sealing jars 
using the different covers are given in 
Circular 238, "Canning Fruits and 
Vegetables at Home." Copies of this 
circular may be obtained free from 
county agent's oflices. 



FOR STRAWBERRY 

SHORTCAKE IN 1944 

J. U. RUEF 

Fresh and processed fruits are rec- 
ognized as important parts of the 
human diet. LTnder present condi- 
tions, many processed fruits are limit- 
ed as to supply or are rather difficult 
to get. For the average home garden, 
strawberries offer great possibilities. 
A yield of one quart should be real- 
ized from each plant set. In order to 
obtain this yield, the following points 



3n iWemoriam 



should be remembered and put into 
operation : 

1. Choose the proper variety. Pre- 
mier is the heaviest yielder. 

2. Obtain good plants and set as 
soon as possible after digging. Good 
locally grown plants are best. 

3. Set plants as early in the spring 
as possible. Early planting gives a 
long growing season and a larger 
number of new plants. 

4. Insure vigorous plants. Fertilize 
at the rate of 400 pounds of 3-8-7 
per acre, or about 10 pounds for 100 
plants. 

6. Cultivate frequently. Destroy 
weeds and remove all blossoms the 
first season. 



EROH 

Whereas. God In his supreme wisdom has 
called from her earthly labor Sister Hilda 
Eroh, faithful member of Indian Orchard 
Grange No. 1020. 

Resolved, That we extend our sympathy 
to the bereaved family, drape our charter, 
record these resolutions on our minutes, and 
publish them in Grange News. 

Fred Trumm, 
Coral Crosby, 
Mary Garrett, 
Committee. 
FRIEDLINE 

Whereas. It has been the will of our 
Heavenly Father to call from her earthly 
labors, Sister Mrs. Matilda Friedline, a 
charter member of Jenner Grange No. 1661. 
Whereas, In her passing the Grange and 
Community has lost a faithful worker, reg- 
ular attender and one whom we all miss. 
Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the members of our Grange 
extend their sincere sympathy to the be- 
reaved family, drape our charter, record 
these resolutions in our minutes and a copy 
be sent to the family, and the Grange 
News for publication. 

Mrs. Owen Barnett, 

Mrs. Wm. Sumy, 

Miss Nannie Bowman, 

Co^nmittee. 
HARRISON 

Whereas, It has pleased God to remove 
from our midst, W. H. Harrison, a charter 
member of St. Thomas Grange No. 1998, be 

Resolved, That our profound sorrow be 
noted upon our records and that the sym- 
pathy of the Grange be extended to the mem- 
bers of his family. 

D. H. Brechbill, 
Daniel Rumler, 
C. Melvi.n Shields. 

Cominitice. 
GEBHARDT 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavtnly 
Father to call from our midst Edward Geb- 
hardt, a charter member of the Raymonds- 
kill Valley Grange No. 1742, be it 

Resolved, That our profound and deep 
sense of loss be noted upon the record and 
that the sympathy of our Grange be extended 
to the members of his family. We have lost 
a true Granger and a real friend. 

Richard Wohluerg. 
Addie Kleinstuber, 
Romain Dubois, 

Committee. 
VOINCHET 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to call from our midst Brother John 
Voinchet, member of Frenchville Grange No 
15.34. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, We extend our deepest sympathy 
to the members of his family, drape our 
our charter for thirty days, that these reso- 
lutions be placed on the minutes, a copy 
sent to the family and published in the 
Grange News. 

Mary V. Leigey, 
Cecilia Rougeux. 
Boyd M. Riixatte, 

Com,mittee. 
DEMANGE 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to call from our midst Brother G. N 
Demange. member of P>enchville Grange 
.\o. 1534. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, We extend our deepest sympathy 
to the members of his family, drape our 
charter for thirty days, that the.se resolu- 
tions be placed on the minutes, a copy sent 
to the family, and publi.shed in the Grange 
News. 

Mary V. Leigey. 
Cecilia Rougeux. 
Boyd M. IIillatte. 

Committee. 



ARRANGE SCHEDULE TO 

MEET HOUSEHOLD NEEDS 

May D. Kemp 

How can a homemaker arrange for 
a busy 1943 and still keep the family 
living up to a high standard ? 

First of all, take time now to think 
over the work that will have to be 
done during the year. There will be 
the usual housework, most likely more 
gardening and canning, and more 
community work, as well as the extra 
care and repair of household furnish- 
ings, equipment, and clothing to make 
them last longer. 

The homemaker needs to make a 
mental schedule of the year's work 
and decide when some of it must or 
can best be done. As she makes this 
outline she will find that the first of 
the year is the best time in which to 
repair the furniture, make slip covers, 
and clean up and oil equipment. The 
gardening and canning must be done 
during the growing season and the 
housework every day. 

Another suggestion is to have the 
family decide on each member's share 
of the housework for 1943. Each one 
should accept without question the 



responsibility of putting away his own 
clothes, books, toys, and tools. 

Besides every member of the family 
can try to cause less work for the 
homemaker. If each will eat the same 
kinds of foods, there will be fewer 
dishes to prepare. Also if dirt is well 
washed from soiled hands instead of 
wiped on towels, the laundry problem 
is lessened. Each person can be on 
the alert to do chores that are not 
asked of him, such as bringing in an 
armful of wood when he passes the 
woodpile with empty hands. 

The homemaker also needs to check 
her ways of doing household tasks to 
see if she is doing them the best way 
and with the least amount of energy 
and time. For example, putting an- 
other pan under the dishpan to raise 
it to the proper height will take the 
ache out of tired shoulders and back. 
A better plan is to raise the sink or 
put blocks under the table legs to 
bring the working surface perma- 
nently to the proper height. 



Salad Sandwich Loaf 

A good many varieties of sand- 
wiches can be made in the cool of the 
morning, wrapped in moisture-proof 
paper and stored in the refrigerator 
until ready to start out for the picnic 
dinner. An easy way is to cut the 
crusts from an unsliced loaf of day- 
old bread, then cut it into four 
lengthwise pieces. Spread one side of 
three slices with butter, cover the 
first slice with sliced tomatoes, ar- 
range crisp lettuce with a few thin 
slices of onion if you like on the sec- 
ond slice. On the third slice cover 
with sliced hard boiled eggs. Put all 
slices together with mayonnaise and 
wrap with paper that is moisture 
proof. Slice the loaf crosswise at the 
picnic, and you have a sandwich that 
is not only colorful but contains the 
very best ingredients for a popular 
combination. It is delicious and eco- 
nomical as well. 



Grange Seals 
Digest 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 



New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 

Constitution and By-Laws .!.!.!..'.. 

Degree Work, First 4 degrees by Dr. Rankin 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony 

Song Books "The Patron," board covers, 'cloth,* Viigie 'copy * or le'ss* than 
half dozen \ 

per dozen .!!!!.*!.!!.!!!! 

per half dozen .*.*.'.*!!!.'...!,.!.'.! 

Dues Account Book .*...!!!.'.*!!!...*. 

Secretary 's Record Book 

Labor Savings Minute Book .....'.......'.*.!! 

Treasurer 's Account Book .]..'!..'!.'!!...*!.!.!! 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 

Roll Book '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 

Application Blanks, per hundred ........................ 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred '..........'. 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred ........'. 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred 

Treasurer 's Receipts 

Trade Cards, each ....'....'.,...... 

Demit Cards, each 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) 

Grange Radiator Emblems 

Ohio State Grange Cook Books, each 



$5.00 
.60 

3.00 
.40 

4.00 
.35 

3.25 
.20 
.50 
.50 
.15 

.60 
6.00 
3.00 
.75 
.60 
2.75 
.60 
.75 
.70 
2.75 
.75 
.45 
.50 
.25 
.40 
.40 • 
.30 
.30 
.01 
.01 
.15 
.50 
.75 



In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

T ^^ ^"^i^t'^iices should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

Bv order of Executive Committee, 

Miles Horst, Secretary. 



w 



AQRIGULTURAL LIBRARY 
STATE COLLEGE PA 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



May, 1943 



Pennsylvania— Keystone of 

Democracy 

The Brethren of Menno Simons 

By Joseph T. Kingston, Pennsylvania Historical Commission 
(One of a series of special newspaper features prepared hy 
the Pennsylvania Historical Commission. ) 



IN PRESENTING the story of an 
institution or a movement, the 
modern historian or historical 
writer often selects some outstanding 
figure or community of that movement 
as a fixed point from which to radiate 
his narrative. In the story of the 
Mennonite Church such a technical 
device is impractical, if only for the 
reason that it would be alien to the 
self-effacing spirit of the early Men- 
nonites and their modern brethren. 

The Mennonites, along with small 
groups of other "simple" Christians 
who had been rather thoroughly per- 
secuted by the state governments of 
Europe, were among the earliest set- 
tlers in Pennsylvania. They were fol- 
lowers, in spirit if not in exact letter, 
of the teachings of Menno Simons, 
who in 1536, left the Roman Catholic 
Church and disclaimed his member- 
ship in its priesthood to preach the 
anabaptist doctrines brought to Hol- 
land by Obbe Philips. Originally 
known as "Obbenites," the sect soon 
became identified with the personality 
of Menno Simons, and the nominal 
transition followed. 

In 1683, after long years of trouble 
with the State Churches— notably m 
Switzerland— a group of the Men- 
nonites accepted the colonization offer 
of William Penn and sailed for Phila- 
delphia in the Province of Pennsyl- 
vania. During the next 25 years other 
bodies of the sect arrived in the New 
World and many settlements were 
made. But this first group of 13, 
known as the "Crefelders," were the 
pioneers and as such are credited with 
a major role in the development of the 
ideal community of Germantown, now 
part of Philadelphia. 

During the early years, the German- 
town Mennonites seemed to have lost 
their identity among the many and 
various "Pietist" sects that abounded 
in the peaceful frontier settlements of 
Pennsylvania. Gradually, however, 
their distinctive personality emerged 
and in 1708 the first meeting House 
was built. William Rittenhouse, 
America's pioneer papermaker, was 
the first minister. He had served 
since 1688. Later, when the question 
of an American bishopric came up, 
four ministers of the Hamburg Altona 
congregation in Germany authorized 
deacons of the American Church to 
elevate Rittenhouse to the position of 
Bishop. By 1709 a large group of 
Swiss Mennonites (followers of Jacob 
Ammon, from whom they derived the 
sect name "Amish") arrived in Penn- 
sylvania and settled the Pequea Creek 
region, in what is now Lancaster 

County. 

Many congregations were es- 
•tablished through the years, and the 
Mennonites spread throughout central 
and southeastern Pennsylvania. There 
were minor divisions, but as the 
churches were mainly congregational, 
little attention was paid to differences 
in opinion. Doctrinally, the Mennon- 
ites remained essentially the same — 
holding steadfastly to the world-re- 
jecting principles that had been the 
source of all their European troubles. 
Here they found no such trouble. The 
tolerant attitude of the Proprietors 
was continued when Pennsylvania en- 



gaged in the first of the American 

\Vars 

During the last years of the 18th 
century large numbers of the sect left 
their Lancaster County homes and 
made the long trek to Canada. Other 
groups pushed into the western terri- 
tories and a considerable number set- 
tled in the Valley of Virginia. But, 
for the most part, the major Pennsyl- 
vania settlements were permanent. 

In the year 1748, during the period 
when most of the old present-day con- 
gregations were being established, one 
of the most famous books published m 
America had been laboriously manu- 
factured on a clumsy press at Ephrata. 
This was the voluminous work, "Mar- 
tyr's Mirror," of Tielman Jans van 
Bracht. During the same time, the 
eminent Mennonite schoolmaster, 
Christopher Dock, with no small re- 
luctance because of the "sinfulness 
of the implied self-glory, wrote the 
first educational handbook published 
in Pennsylvania. 

And so the history of these simple, 
gentle people went on through the 
years. There were numerous crises, 
following the definite split with the 
Church in Holland during the year 
1758, which eventually resulted in a 
variety of self -named Mennonite sects. 
However, all retain close adherence 
to the fundamental principles of the 
founder. A 1941 survey of American 
religious denominations list 16 divi- 
sions of the Mennonite group. Now, 
as in the beginning, the greater con- 
centration of the sect is to be found 
in the long-settled regions of Pennsyl- 
vania — where, indeed, the spirit and 
character of these people is indelibly 
stamped upon the very land itself. 
Much of Pennsylvania's poetry, litera- 
ture and folk-music has been directly 
influenced thereby, the Common- 
wealth's never-disputed claim to the 
title, "Keystone of Democracy" finds 
a firm basis in the continuous history 
of these, the earliest of her citizens. 



Other plants are making industrial 
alcohol in small quantity from waste 
ethylene from petroleum, he revealed, 
but construction of additional plants 
is unlikely because of the large 
amount of steel and other critical ma- 
terial involved. 

Suggested manufacture of a sugar 
solution from waste wood and from 
pulp sulfite liquor is being investi- 
gated, and further agriculture sources 
may be investigated in the near fu- 
ture. Dr. Keyes said. It has been 
found cheaper and quicker to build 
new industrial alcohol plants with a 
minimum of critical materials than 
to convert breweries and sugar re- 
fineries, he added. 

He cited as an interesting possible 
future use of alcohol for war purposes 
the manufacture in tropical countries 
of alcohol as a motor fuel for use m 
such countries. 



repair can be mended, and the seldom- 
used pieces can be stored. It is sur- 
prising how such little changes make 
for more efficient work. 

What about working surfaces in 
your kitchen ? Many homemakers are 
likely to say, "We don't have enough 
counter surface." In some cases a 
drop shelf answered the need for 
extra space, and in other instances 
a table on casters solved the problem. 

Correct working heights for each 
homemaker eliminates fatigue. There 
are simple ways to adjust heights, 
such as racks for sinks, casters or 
blocks under table legs, building up 
the kitchen cabinet, or raising the 
tops of the counter surfaces. Good 
posture, comfortable clothing and 
shoes, good light, and proper ventila- 
tion also help to keep up the home- 
maker's spirits and disposition. 



AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY 
THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE 




KITCHEN SHORT CUTS 

Edith Morton 

Now is the time to plan short cuts 
and conveniences in the homemaker's 
workshop, the kitcljen. It is neces- 
sary that she try 'to make her woYk as 
light as possible so that she may have 
more time and energy for other activi- 

. • •.:■'■ ' t • • 

Tl ^fl ■ ■ • * * 

Is your, l^i^chen . step--saviiig.\ and 
energy -\8aving1 ' Equipment- »«»jw*n-^ 
iently placed /afid'^sul^pUaail^ept where 
they are most frequently used help, to 
save steps. A partitioned drawer, an 
extra shelf, or a few racks and hooks 
will save handling several small items 
to get at the one you want. 

Seldom-used utensils have no place 
in the homemaker's workshop these 
days. All equipment can be sorted, 
the useless discarded, that in need of 



RECORD TURKEY 

CROP INDICATED 

Pennsylvania turkey raisers have 
reported intentions to raise 15 per 
cent more turkeys this year, which 
would indicate a crop of 1,173,000 
birds compared with 1,020,000 birds 
last year, which was the first time on 
record that more than one million 
turkeys were raised in this state. Con- 
tinued expansion of the industry is 
siidwn and there appears a pronounced 
tendency to market turkeys steadily 
throughout the year. 



The first trainload of Mexican 
farm workers signed up for employ- 
ment in this country was scheduled to 
leave Mexico City on March 29th to 
relieve a labor shortage in citrus crops 
of southern California. 



INDUSTRIAL ALCOHOL 

Industrial alcohol can be made from 
almost any organic material ranging 
from sugar to wood, but the need of 
conserving critical materials of con- 
struction and transportation reduces 
major sources to a few types, Dr. 
Donald B. Keyes, chief of the Chem- 
ical Industries Branch, Office of Pro- 
duction Research and Development, 
WPB said tonight in a speech dis- 
cussing sources of ethyl alcohol.. He 
spoke before the ninth annual Che- 
murgic Conference of Agriculture, 
Industry and Science at the Drake 
Hotel in Chicago. 

Plans call for the use of whole 
wheat and granular wheat flour as 
well as corn in many existing alcohol 
plants in addition to those now being 
engineered Dr. Keyes stated. Bever- 
age distilleries have been making in- 
dustrial alcohol and considerable con- 
version of industrial alcohol distill- 
eries to a grain raw material rather 
than molasses has taken place because 
importing of waste sugar solutions 
such as black strap molasses from 
tropical countries is difficult, he 
stated. 




^AND YOUR FAMILY WILL 
RECEIVE A CHECK EACH MONTH 

WE need a few men to become insurance advisors and 
carry this message to their friends and neighbors in 
agricultural areas. These men will be trained to advise 
in planning for the financial protection of loved ones. It 
is an interesting, profitable and helpful service. 

If you are between 25 and 60 years of age, with eX' 
perience in farming or any other enterprise, let us tell 
you about this highly respected service. 

Mail the coupon today 

farmers and traders 
Life Insurance Co. 

Home Office t SYRACUSE, N.Y. 
Organized in 1912. Auett $12,072,919 



COUPON 

Farmers and Traders Life Ins. Co. 
I Syracuse, N. Y. 

I 

I 



Please send information about becomina 
•n insurance advisor. 



I Name 

I Street 

I Ciiy State 



Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg. Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL. XL 



HARRISBURG, PA., JUNE, 1943 



No. 3 



Grange Views on Farm Credit 

[Extracts from a Statement by Albert S, Goss, Master 
of the National Grange, before the Senate Sub- 
committee on Agricultural Appropriations] 



THE Farm Credit Administration 
supervises: (1) Federal Land 
Banks and the National Farm 
Loan Association; (2) Production 
Credit Corporations and the Produc- 
tion Credit Associations; (3) Central 
Bank for Cooperatives and Banks for' 
Cooperatives; (4) Intermediate Cred- 
it Banks; (5) Federal Farm Mort- 
jjage Corporation; (6) Crop and seed 
loans; (7) Joint Stock Land Banks; 
and (8) Tiegiona\ Agricultural Credit 
Corporations. 

The first four are permanent 
agencies. The Federal Farm Mort- 
gage Corporation and the agencies 
dealing with crop and seed loans are 
emergency agencies, while the Joint 
Stock Land Banks and the Regional 
Agricultural Credit Corporations are 
supposed to be in liquidation. It is 
now proposed that certain activities 
of the Farm Security Administration 
be transferred to the Farm Credit Ad- 
ministration. We are opposed to this 
change. 

The Federal Land Banks and 
National Farm Loan Associations 
were originally organized as cooper- 
ative credit institutions to be even- 
tually owned and controlled by the 
farmers, subject to federal supervis- 
ion. 

The Production Credit Corpora- 
tions and Production Credit Associa- 
tions were modeled on the same 
cooperative principle, and the Banks 
for Cooperatives were similarly de- 
signed, except that the borrowers who 
would become the owners were to be 
cooperative institutions rather than 
individuals. 

The Intermediate Credit Banks 
were set up to make loans to cooper- 
ative institutions and to privately 
owned rediscount corporations. They 
had little business with cooperatives 
^intil the Farm Credit Administra- 
tion was organized. They were then 
retained in the structure for the pur- 
pose of making money available to the 
Production Credit System and the 
jSanks for Cooperatives on a discount 
basis. It has been our thought that 
the Intermediate Credit Banks should 
eventually be owned by the borrowers, 
just as the other agencies in this 
fystem, and that the whole farm cred- 
it structure could thus be established 
<>n a cooperative basis. The govern- 



ment's connection with it should be 
largely that of supervision to see that 
the intent and purpose of the law is 
complied with. Until these coopera- 
tive credit agencies have had time 
properly to develop, the government 
should continue its capital invest- 
ment in them, but we should look for- 
ward to the day when all these invest- 
ments would be repaid and the system 
made self-supporting. 

We believe it would be a mistake to 
add to the Farm Credit Administra- 
tion any more agencies lending gov- 
ernment money. Every time a lend- 



ing problem gets a little tough, the 
tendency is to fall back on the gov- 
ernment. We want to see government 
lending eventually ended, and the 
credit needs of farmers supplied on a 
cooperative basis, but this day will be 
further and further away if we keep 
adding new ways for lending govern- 
ment money to the agency entrusted 
with the responsibility of supervising 
cooperative credit. 

With the farm distress which oc- 
curred in the 20's, the government 
provided for crop and seed loans. In 
the early thirties the Regional Agri- 



cultural Credit Corporations were set 
up. In 1933 Congress commandeered 
the Federal Land Bank System to 
make emergency loans. Two hundred 
million dollars were first provided to 
the Land Bank Commissioner to make 
loans on securities which would not 
qualify with the Land Banks. The 
Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation 
was set up in 1934 to take over the 
Commissioner's loans and was per- 
mitted to issue government-guaran- 
teed bonds up to two billion dollars. 
Thus a substantial government lend- 
ing agency was grafted on the coop- 
erative system on a temporary or 
emergency basis. 

In the meantime the Joint Stock 
Land Banks, which were private lend- 
ing agencies, were placed in liquida- 
tion under the supervision of the 
Land Bank Commissioner, and the 
crop and seed loans together with the 
Regional Agricultural Credit Corpo- 
rations, were transferred to the Farm 
Credit Administration to operate as 
temporary agencies, which would 
{Continued on page d-) 




Farmers plow and sow a field for brother Granger 



A time there was in the memory 
of not too old men when the "bee" 
was a great agricultural institution. 
It helped clean the land of trees and 
rocks, build barns and houses, husk 
corn and do countless jobs too big for 
one man alone to tackle. In those 
days when a farmer found himself in 
a tight place he looked to his neigh- 
bors rather than his government for 
help, and his search was seldom in 
vain. That the spirit of pioneers who 
took time from their own heavy work 
to help a neighbor in still more dire 
straits has not vanished from this 
land is seen every year as illness or 
other misfortune renders the chief 



operator of a farm unable to plant or 
harvest his crops. The latest example 
of this neighborliness to be reported 
comes from Union County. 

Mr. Lynn R. Wert, a Union County 
Granger, broke his leg this spring. 
The accident was a serious matter, for 
he had a 1.50-acre farm to operate. On 
May 3 brother members of Buffalo 
Valley Grange No. 520 showed up at 
the Wert Farm sixteen men strong 
and equipped with twelve tractors. In 
seven hours they plowed, harrowed, 
sowed and rolled a 27-acre field of 
oats, as their contribution to the war 
effort in behalf of a Grange member 
who was unable to do the work. 



Nowise lacking in the cooperative 
spirit, several ladies of the Grange, 
including Mrs. Harry Wert and 
daughter Winifred, Mrs. Robert Wert 
and children Sandra and Robert, and 
Mrs. Asher Erdley, assisted Mrs. 
Lynn R. Wert to prepare a dinner 
worthy of the occasion. 

The men who assisted in the under- 
taking were George Bolig and son 
Earl, Robert Wert, Harry Wert, Wil- 
liam Oldt, Rufus Wert, Royal Walter 
and son John, William Emery, Asher 
Erdley, Harold Erdley and his hired 
man Ira Benfer, Harold Brown, Jesse 
Bolig, Leon Musser and Harold 
Walter. 



n 



'i-H 






Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1943 




THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 

REV. W. D. KEEMER 



FIELD EQUIPMENT 



• Ordinarily, field equipment to you means a tractor, 
mowing machine and other implements used in tilling 
the soil and harvesting a crop. Comparable equip- 
ment in our work are wire, poles, and all the things 
that extend the boundaries of the telephone. 

• Today both you and ourselves must get along with 
a whole lot less of these things and yet produce bumper 
farm crops and handle more telephone calls than ever 
before. We do these things gladly to help make certain 
our boys have an ample supply of jeeps, guns and tanks 
— the most important field equipment of all today! 



SUMMER 

"Oh, what is so rare as a day in June, 
Then if ever comes perfect days." 

As in the springtime we plant and 
sow with Faith in the Great Creator 
of the Universe, so in the warm days 
of summertime we cultivate our crops 
and tend our flocks with the inspiring 
influence of Hope ever present with 
us. Hope springs eternal in the 
human breast, and if it should die 
out for us there would be very little 
ambition to live. 

With joyous anticipation many are 
cultivating their Victory Gardens, as 
well as the farmer is spending most 
of his time trying to raise food so 
much needed to feed a hungry world. 
There will perhaps be some disap- 
pointments in the amount we may be 
able to produce as the result of our 
arduous toil; but if we can feel at 
the close of each day, as well as at 
the season's end, that we have 
honestly tried to do our very best. 



then I am sure we do not need to be 
ashamed. Certainly it is a great 
privilege to be permitted to toil with 
God to provide the things that are 
necessary to sustain these physical 
bodies. 

And we should be very thankful 
that He gives us health and strength 
to do our share in this great task. 
We need to cultivate many things in 
Life's summertime for this is the 
most active period of our lives, and 
the joy or sorrow of our autumn and 
winter will depend very much on how 
well we have done our part. 

As we strive by cultivation to keep 
the weeds from destroying the crops 
in the fields and gardens, so may we 
eradicate the evil thoughts from our 
minds and any malice or ill will from 
our hearts, so that our lives may be- 
come more beautiful with each suc- 
ceeding year. 

"Oo, labor on, spend and he spent, 
And joy to do thy Master's will." 



Plight of Dutch Farmers 



BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM 




RABBITS TO RESCUE 

IN MEAT SHORTAGE 

So great has been the demand for 
rabbit breeding stock that it is re- 
ported now somewhat difficult to ob- 
tain. But where it can be purchased, 
Dr. W. C. Thompson, chief of Rutgers 
University poultry department, be- 
lieves that rabbit raising offers farm 
and suburban residents one of the 
best ways of supplementing their 
meat supply. 

"Such breeds as New Zealand 
Whites, Chinchillas, Belgian Hares 
and Flemish Giants — to mention only 
four — furnish a quickly-grown, whole- 
some and economical table meat," Dr. 
Thompson says. The domestic grain- 
fed rabbit produces a meat which is 
almost entirely white and can be pre- 
pared very much like chicken. Rab- 
bit fryers of three and a half to four 
pounds, animals about three months 
old, are the most delicious. When 
properly killed, skinned and dressed, 
the carcass will average about 55 per 
cent of live weight, 82 per cent of 
which is edible meat." 

Under present prices, Dr. Thomp- 
son estimates that rabbit meat can be 
produced for about 15 cents per 
pound. Rabbits are born in litters of 



five to seven youngsters, and the aver- 
age doe will produce at least three 
litters a year. 

Dr. Thompson says that a good unit 
for the family rabbitry might consist 
of three does, or adult females, and 
one buck. This unit will produce 
between 40 and 50 rabbit fryers per 
year. The diet, he says is simple — 
oats, table scraps and greens from the 
garden. 



FARM PRICE INDEX 

The index of prices received by 
Pennsylvania farmers for principal 
agricultural products increased seven 
points during the month ending 
April 15, with all classes participating 
in the advance except dairy products. 
At 196 per cent of the August 1909- 
14 average, the index of prices re- 
ceived by farmers in mid-April was 
44 points above a year earlier. 

HENS 

The number of hens and pullets of 
laying age per farm flock in Penn- 
sylvania jumped from 96 on May 1, 
1942, to 121 on that date this year, 
according to reports issued by Secre- 
tary of Agriculture Miles Horst. 



The fact that the man who heads 
the Dutch Nazi Agricultural Front 
barely escaped being a Holland jail- 
bird before the war explains why the 
plight of the Dutch farmer is so 
desperate today. 

£. J. Koskam, German-appointed 
leader of the farmers in Holland and 
virtual comptroller of the rich agri- 
cultural lands of the Netherlands, was 
charged with fraud, before the in- 
vasion. He was saved from serving a 
prison term only because members of 
the Calvinist Party, to which he be- 
longed, collected the 10,000 guilders 
he had mulcted from his victim. To- 
day, Roskam owns a magnificent 
estate in Gelderland province, while 
the people of Holland go hungry. 

Who pays for this estate and its up- 
keep is made clear in a recent report 
from London, in which a Dutch agri- 
cultural expert estimates that the 
Agricultural Front, or Landstand, has 
extracted 4,300,000 guilders ($2,323,- 
000) in compulsory dues from the 
Dutch farmers. The expert based his 
report on his knowledge of the size 
and quality of farms in the Nether- 
lands, and the fact that the dues 
amounted to as much as eight guilders 
($4.32) per acre. Before the German 
occupation, no agi'icultural producer 
ever paid more than two guilders an 
acre to his farm union, and very 
often he paid less. 

Although every Dutch farmer is 
bound by Nazi rule to belong to the 
Landstand, he disdains to give it 
recognition as a member. The dues 
must be paid, however, for if not, fines 
are enforced and other means are 
found to dislodge the farmer from 
his land. The better of two evils is 
to pay the dues. 

But if Roskam's coffers must be 
kept filled, the German occupation 
forces must also be kept fed. It fol- 
lows, therefore, that the troubles of 
the Dutch farmers are by no means 
over with the payment of his dues 
to the Landstand. Other, and greater 
disorders confound him. Among 
these are: the almost wholesale Ger- 
man requisitioning of cattle and 
crops; lack of fertilizer, seeds and 
farming implements; the German 
order to plow up grasslands for the 
planting of rape seed; forced evacua- 



tion because of Nazi fears of an 
early Allied invasion; forced labor 
outside Holland, and black market 
traffic. 

In the matter of the requisitioning 
of cattle, the March 26 issue of the 
Landstand's own publication shed 
crocodile tears for the "heavy cares 
of cattle farmers for whom the spring 
sun is darkened because they do not 
know what is hanging over their 
heads in the matter of compulsory 
cattle deliveries." 

A recent order for the compulsory 
surrender of sheep was accompanied 
by threats of severe reprisals against 
those who failed to comply. One of 
the threats stated that an extra levy 
of 440 pounds would be imposed on 
farmers who failed to turn over their 
quota, or who declared they had none 
available. 

Another recent order issued by the 
State Bureau for Wartime Food 
Supply barred the transport, delivery 
or acceptance of cattle. All free cattle 
markets were closed and transactions 
between farmers were stopped. 

In the matter of vegetables, only 
20 per cent of this produce are per- 
mitted for home consumption, accord- 
ing to reliable sources. Sixty per 
cent go to Germany. 

The question of farm implements 
is another burden to the Dutch 
farmer. Many tractors have been 
requisitioned by the Germans for the 
hauling of heavy guns or melting 
down for armaments, but even the 
few which have been hidden from the 
Nazis are rendered useless because oi 
lack of gasoline. 

The Nazis have even invaded the 
creameries of Dutch housewives ^ 
their striving for the perfection of the 
New Order. With the excuse that 
they were forced to bring the Dutch 
butter industry into line, they sealed 
up all the churns in the Netherlands 
farming districts. 

Wily Dutch farmers' wives out- 
witted this move, however. They dis- 
covered that American washing nift' 
chines made admirable milk churns 
and farmhouse butter continued to be 
made until the advent of ''blue 
water," the name the Dutch have 
given to that which the Nazis ration 
out as skimmed milk. 



June, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



GENERAL CROP REPORT 

AS OF MAY 1 

The Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics summary of the report by the 
Crop Reporting Board says crop pros- 
pects declined in most parts of the 
United States during April and were 
much less promising than at that time 
last year. In portions of several 
southwestern and west central States 
drought conditions developed to a 
point where crop losses had begun, 
but growing conditions were quite 
favorable in the Pacific Northwest, 
good in the main Corn Belt and fair 
to good in other areas east of the 
Mississippi River. Since May 1 rains 
have relieved the situation in part of 
the Southwest. During April the 
rainfall in the area between the Mis- 
sissippi River and the Rocky Moun- 
tains averaged about 30 per cent be- 
low normal for the month. 

In South Dakota, New Mexico, 
western and southwestern Texas, and 
western Oklahoma, crops and ranges 
were suffering for lack of rain. 
Larger areas including southeastern 
Montana, eastern Wyoming, part of 
eastern Colorado, southern Minnesota, 
Nebraska, western Kansas, eastern 
Oklahoma and much of Texas were 
dry and needed rain soon to prevent 
crop deterioration; but in most of 
these areas the subsoil still held con- 
siderable moisture and conditions 
were far better than at this season in 
the several drought years. 

Most portions of North Dakota, 
Montana, and parts of Colorado have 
had fair rains late in April. In Iowa, 
the moderately dry weather, while not 
favorable for oats or hay, may help 
farmers to plant their full acreage of 
corn in good season. In this whole 
group of States between the Missis- 
sippi and the Rockies good growing 
weather during the rest of May could 
more than offset the unfavorable start. 

The wheat condition was a major 
interest, and the comment says in 
part: "The indicated 1943 winter 
wheat production is 515,159,000 
bushels, the smallest since 1935, 27 per 
cent less than the 1942 crop and 6 per 
cent below the 10-year (1932-41) av- 
erage. This production allows for 
wheat which is expected to be har- 
vested from a relatively large acreage 
of 'volunteer' wheat in western 
Kansas, parts of adjacent States, and 
Texas. The acreage remaining for 
harvest — 33,310,000 — is 7 per cent less 
than last year. Prospective abandon- 
ment from winter kill, insects, soil 
drifting, and other causes, including 
diversion to purposes other than for 
grain, is estimated at 11.1 per cent. 
This figure is compared with 10.4 per 
cent indicated on April 1, 7 per cent 
for 1942, and 20.6 per cent for the 
10 year (1932-41) average. Abandon- 
ment due to winter killing is heavy in 
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and other im- 
portant soft wheat producing states." 



NEED BEES FOR 

SEED PRODUCTION 

The greatest contribution of honey 
bees to our wartime production is still 
in pollination of agricultural crops 
lor production of seed and fruit, 
though the importance of both honey 
and beeswax has also increased. 

Apiaries of the nation produce 
about 200 million pounds of honey 
«ach year, together with about 4 
njHlion pounds of beeswax, says Prof. 
*;• J. Dyce of the New York State 
Vollege of Agriculture. The honey 
J9 an excellent substitute for sugar. 
Ihe beeswax is used in manufacture 
«i several essential war materials, and 
the lack of the usual imports makes 
beeswax of greater importance to the 
^ar effort than the honey. 



Or wvJITBli 9T9TbMI9 



Pays the farmer. . . . 
, Serves the Nation 




Do not neglect your water system because it is automatic 
in operation or located in an out-of-the-way spot. Check 
motor, belt and the following points regularly : 

Pump Lubrication 

Maintain oil level — check every 2 months. Add oil when 
necessary. 




level 



Plunger Leathers 

Replace worn leathers. Keep a supply on hand. 

Wiper Gland 

(Where pump shaft enters crankcase.) 

Tighten wiper gland nut if pump shaft is not wiped dry at 
this point. 

Replace washer in gland if tightening nut does not correct. 

Valves 

Replace damaged valves. 

INCORRECT CORRECT 

l>w/^- ^L - — . . ■ ■ ■ iSrfi^ — 1 ^ 

ft , ,,..^, I D 



Drain and refill once a year. Use good grade automobile oil 
— SA£ 20 for normal temperatures; SAB 10 if exposed to cold. 



^ 



: 



A 



INCORRECT 



CORRECT 



^^ 



Hole in leather worn or 
gland too loose. Water 
clings to shaft — dilutes 
oil in crankcase. 



f^ 



Cland properly adjusted 
— no water gets into 
crankcase. 



S 



IT 




vxlxMx; J 



i 



Remove any foreign material that may have lodged on seat. 
Be sure small grooves in seats of discharge valves are clean. 



INCORRECT 



Too much 
leakage 



About 
2-3 drops 
per minute 




Packing Box 

Examine every 2 months. 

Tighten nut while pump is running if too much leakage 
occurs. Never tighten nut to point where all leakage stops. 
Some is necessary for lubrication. 

Repack when leakage cannot be reduced by reasonable 
tightening of packing nut. Use packing recommended by 
manufacturer. Run water system and tighten nut as above. 
Soft string, yarn or loose hemp, soaked in oil, paraffin or 
rubbed with a cake of soap makes a fairly satisfactory sub- 
stitute in an emergency. 

Do not scar pump shaft with tools. 

Pipe stuffing box leakage away to convenient drain. 



Valve 

^ '- ,*«: 

f> STRAIGHT EDGE ] warped 



Valve not 
1,^- seating — 
foreign 
matter on seat 



CORRECT 




i 



J 



^ 




Valve dented 
from hammering 
on seat 



Valve rests 
properly on all 
surfaces 



?? 



INCORRECT 

I ' "— ^ 



CORRECT 




M 



Worn cup leathers 
— water slips by 




Send for Your FREE Copy Now! 

"How fo Care for Farm 

Electric Equipmenf^ 

The facts that farmers want to know 
about equipment care — written in 
everyday language. To get your 
free copy, mail a i>enny postcard to 
Pennsylvania Electric Asso- 
ciation, Rural Department, 
HARRisBURO, Pennsylvania. 



Snug fit- 
gets by 



no water 




Electric Companies of Pennsylvania 



MEMBERS OF PENNSYLVANIA ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION • HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA 



Domestic honeybees pollinate most 
fruits, as the wild insects are seldom 
numerous enough to accomplish this 
early spring job. In areas where most 
of the land is cultivated, wild insects 
have few places left for nesting and 
breeding, and the pollination of most 
other crop plants also depends on the 
domestic bees. 

With the present urgent need for 
greater production of legume and 
other seeds, honey bees may have to 
be brought into the seed producing 
areas for assurance of good crops. 
Beekeeping fits in well with seed pro- 
duction, as the fields of clover. 



AND THERE THEY ARE 

It appears that the British price 
control procedure is not followed here 
in all its phases. Thus we note this 
item in the comments emanating from 
Washington : 

"It is very doubtful whether Mr. 
Brown can reduce OPA's 2,700 
lawyers to the level of Great Britain, 
where between 10 and 20 lawyers are 
said to provide all the legal work the 
British price controllers need." 

Too many lawyers, too much delay, 
too much confusion, too many orders 
that the ordinary man cannot under- 
stand, and, of course, too, too much 



pay roll. But get 'em out once they 
get in — they contrive to get things in 
such mess they have to be kept in to 
straighten them out, while in the 
straightening process they set up an- 
other mess, and so on, ad infinitum. 
And there they arel — Drovers 
Journal. 



AIR RAIDS 



Notice on London Shop : "We keep 
open during ^alerts.* In the event of 
a direct hit we close immediately." 

Corn sirups are about one-third as 
sweet as sugar. 



i 



M 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1943 



Plans and Progress on Farm 

Labor Front 



UNLESS an extraordinary job is 
done this year in recruiting new 
workers in the food canning and 
processing industry and in maintain- 
ing the nucleus of experienced work- 
ers accustomed to working in each 
local cannery, some crops will go 
to waste and the supply of canned 
and processed foods will become 
tighter. 

Canning, though a major industry, 
is essentially a seasonal, hometown in- 
dustry, manned by local workers-- 
youths, housewives, mechanics, and 
others— who are otherwise occupied 
during the rest of the year when the 
local cannery is not in operation or is 
operating on a drastically reduced 
schedule. 

There are roughly six times as 
many people employed in canning 
around the first of September as there 
are at the beginning of May. The 
War Manpower Commission estimates 
that roughly 400,000 canning workers 
will be needed at the peak season this 
year. 

Wherever there is a cannery, local 
people have been accustomed to help- 
ing out the family income by seasonal 
work in the neighborhood plant. Last 
year, however, a great many of these 
townsfolk were missing from the can- 
neries. The high wages paid in war 
industries accounted for some of the 
labor loss, and military service for 
men of draft age further drained the 
labor supply. By almost superhuman 
efforts, chiefly by the communities 
themselves, the labor gap was filled by 
volunteers, but in some localities tons 
of good food rotted in the fields be- 
cause of the inability to marshal 
enough workers to take care of the 
crop. In Ohio and Indiana, for ex- 
ample, tomato growers were caught 
by a sudden ripening of the crop, 
combined with a labor shortage, and 
saw much of the fruit of their efforts 
spoil on the vines. 

Enormous Demand 



This year, the normal reserve of ex- 
perienced local canning labor shows 
signs of serious depletion, exceeding 
that of 1942, yet the demand for 
canned and processed foods will be far 
greater than ever before. Enormous 
amounts of canned foods, needed by 
U. S. Military forces, by civilians, 
and by our Allies, must be harvested 
and packed in 1943. More than 150 
million hours of labor were required 
to pack major seasonal fruit and 
vegetable crops in 1942, according to 
estimates of the National Canners 
Association, without including the 
man-hours of labor for cultivating 
and harvesting canning crops. 

Food canning and processing is 
specifically named by the War Man- 
power Commission as an "essential" 
industry. It is one step in the pro- 
duction of food which is vital to the 
winning of the war. 

The Agricultural Extension Serv- 
ice, the United States Employment 
Service, the Office of Civilian De- 
fense, and local operators of canning 
plants, are in the midst of a program 
to pledge available labor to help with 
necessary crop production and pro- 
cessing work. The situation is so 
urgent that civic clubs, business, 
church, and school groups are asked 
to pledge their help in meeting the 
situation. In most cases the local 
TT. S. E. S. office will be responsible 
for recruiting workers for canneries 
and the county Extension agent for 
recruiting farm workers. Procedure 



will vary somewhat locally but these 
agencies will work together on com- 
munity mobilization. Persons who 
want to apply are urged to get their 
information on place and time locally, 
especially through newspapers and 

radio. 

More recently the War Manpower 
Commission has prepared a memo- 
randum to its local United States Em- 
ployment Service offices, calling their 
attention to the importance of can 
manufacturing to the food supply and 
urging that they make every effort 
to assure these plants adequate labor. 
Can manufacturing also is tradition- 
ally seasonal, reaching peak opera- 
tions several weeks before each peak 
canning time. Lack of storage for 
cans makes it difficult to put manu- 
facturing on a steady year-round 
basis. 

Women Will Help 

In nearly all communities, house- 
wives, or employed women and others 
who cannot give up their full time, 
are willing to devote parts of days or 
nights, or a certain amount of time 
each week during the season to 
essential war food production. 
Throughout the canning areas, 
canners are enlisting high school 
youths and most of these plants will 
employ local high school teachers or 
athletic teachers as supervisors in the 
plants and to plan the recreational 
activities of younger workers. Local 
church groups in some instances have 
provided cafeteria facilities. For 
women with household duties, some 
canneries have adjusted operations 
into a five or six-hour shift, and other 
canners have established day 
nurseries, with competent supervision 
and care, for children of mothers 
working in the plants. 

Many canners have analyzed their 
labor requirements for the coming 
season by listing every job, the train- 
ing necessary to perform each opera- 
tion, and the number of workers and 
types needed for every step in food 
processing. Short training courses 
ire being arranged by some plants for 
workers who will replace those called 
to military service or unavailable for 
other reasons. 

All members of the U. S. Crop 
Corps who volunteer for work in can- 
ning plants will be eligible for re- 
ceiving certificates of service, the 
same as those who work in the pro- 
duction or harvesting of food. 



peak season this year will be for 
processing f ruiis and vegetables alone. 
Other thousands will be wanted for 
canning fish, soups, and meats. Un- 
less an army of volunteers, recruited 
locally, is prepared to meet the situa- 
tion, Americans will have less canned 
goods next year.— Office of War In- 
formation. 

PASTURE TREES 

Honey locusts make good trees for 
pastures because many ground cover 
forage plants do well in their shade, 
and because the pods are valuable feed 
for livestock. Plant scientists of the 
U. S. Department of Agriculture 
recommend root cuttings for the re- 
production of desirable clonal stock 
of the honey locust. Neither hard- 
wood nor greenwood cuttings gave 
satisfactory results. Prunings of the 
roots of young nursery trees will fur- 
nish many usable root cuttings. 



JUNE IS DAIRY MONTH 

Dairy month this year will 
portray the supreme effort being 
put forth into the winning of 
the war by the entire dairy in- 
dustry. It will call national at- 
tention to the patriotism being 
demonstrated by all groups as- 
sociated with the production, 
processing and distribution of 
dairy products, that America 
may be able to build its strength 
through being well fed. 

Dairy month thus planned is 
expected to accomplish three 
things: (1) Bring home to con- 
sumers new realizations of the 
values of dairy products; (2) 
bring to the general public the 
important service all branches 
of the dairy industry are render- 
ing in time of need, and (3) en- 
courage producers, processers 
and distributors to carry on in 
spite of the difficulties which 
beset them. 



Skilled and Unskilled 

Since the great majority of these 
workers will be new and inexperi- 
enced, it is essential for experienced 
workers to stay on the job, if the can- 
ning industry is to avoid a breakdown 
in the supply of skilled labor able to 
(luickly train the newcomers. Prin- 
cipally, these newcomers will have to 
he members of the community who 
have never considered engaging in 
such work and will do it as a war 
service, and for no other reason — 
the housewife who has never worked 
outside her own home, the doctor, 
vyer, teacher, clerk, and socialite 
In many instances, the volunteers will 
organize work teams, as they did last 
year. Two men, for example, may 
agree to keep a certain ])rocess in the 
plant going by alternating their 
services on the job, or housewives 
may take turns in giving certain 
afternoons each week to an op- 
eration. 

The 400,000 workers needed at the 



LIVESTOCK HEALTH 

IN WAR PROGRAM 

The importance as a war measure 
of combatting diseases in livestock is 
pointed to by Dr. C. P. Bishop, direc- 
tor of the Bureau of Animal Industry 
of the Department of Agriculture. In 
dealing with this subject he states: 

"At no time in the history of civili- 
zation has the importance of domestic 
animals attracted as much attention 
as during the present conflict. To ac- 
complish increased food production it 
is necessary to expand and concen- 
trate on livestock sanitation, hygiene 
and prevention and control of diseases. 
Preventable losses from animal dis- 
ease amount to a huge sum annually. 
Any endeavor to prevent and control 
diseases among livestock and poultry 
with reduction in resultant losses is 
in direct harmony with a successful 
war program. Keduction in animal 
and poultry diseases means additional 
millions of pounds of meats, eggs, 
dairy products and wool, as well 
as many other essential animal 
products. 

"When infectious disease occurs it 
cannot be considered only as a private 
misfortune, it is a community menace 
and a public responsibility. In ordi- 
nary times, possibly the farmer who 
loses a high percentage of his hogs 
because of disease or parasitism that 
he could largly have prevented by 
careful husbandry and the application 
of existing knowledge is perhaps 
harming only himself in that he wipes 
out any profit he might have made. 



In wartime he is reducing the po- 
tential food supply of the nation by 
just so much and making the re- 
mainder more costly." 

Sanitation Stands First 
"As we increase the animal units 
on our farms for the benefits of better 
management and economy of hand- 
ling, we, in most instances, increase 
and concentrate their diseases and 
pests that tend to minimize the bene- 
fits sought. The old proverb 'An 
ounce of prevention is worth a pound 
of cure' is applicable to sickness 
among livestock and poultry and is 
far less costly than disease treatment. 
Good feeding with practical manage- 
ment and sanitary practices can go 
a long way toward reducing annual 
losses in livestock due to disease. 
Strict sanitation is the most impor- 
tant part of management and with 
regular systematic cleaning and dis- 
infecting will aid materially in keep- 
ing down the causative organisms 
associated with disease. 

"Few persons not engaged in live- 
stock business realize the variety and 
seriousness of the diseases and para- 
sites that attack domestic animals, or 
the care and skill necessary to keep 
them healthy under the conditions of 
intensive production as prevails in 
this country. Now is the time to 
employ these health practices. It is 
the privilege and responsibility of 
every stockman to become familiar 
with and practice the best methods of 
livestock and poultry management. 

"All sick animals should be con- 
sidered potential spreaders of disease 
and held in isolation until properly 
examined. To control any disease it 
is important, first, to have an accurate 
and rapid diagnosis. Delay may cause 
the disease to spread a bit farther. 
The farther it spreads, the greater the 
loss in weight and dead animals, and 
the less money an owner will receive 
for his labors with his stock. Prompt 
attention on first signs of sickness 
among animals is extremely impor- 
tant also in safeguarding humans 
from diseases communicable to man 
and the insuring of a wholesome food 

supply." 

BioGEST Leak 



June, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



"Agricultural and livestock taxes 
may be considered high, but the most 
burdensome from which every one 
loses, including the consumer through 
increased food prices, are those levied 
by virus, parastic and bacterial 
diseases. 

"The Pennsylvania Department of 
Agriculture, Bureau of Animal In- 
dustry, maintains a laboratory to 
serve the livestock and poultry owners 
in the establishment of or confirming 
diagnosis, especially important in 
dealing with a transmissible disease 
or the elimination of that possibility. 
The official livestock sanitary service 
in this state is charged by law with 
the responsibility for the elimination, 
prevention and control of trans- 
missible diseases of livestock and 
poultry. In the discharge of these 
duties and in the execution of definite 
policies, it is necessary and essential 
to have the full support and coopera- 
tion of the livestock owners. 

"Let the 'V for victory also stand 
for the 'V of vigilance to conserve 
the health of our livestock anrt 
poultry." 

BERRY INSPECTION 

Growers of bramble berry plant? 
who desire certification for the sale <>i 
plants in the fall and next spring 
should apply immediately for inspec- 
tion to the Bureau of Plant Industry 
of the State Department of Agricul- 
ture. 



FARM CREDIT 

(Continued from page 1.) 

eventually be placed in liquidation. 
The whole thought was that this class 
of government lending would be car- 
ried on by temporary agencies which 
would be liquidated as soon as pos- 
sible. • . 1 u 
We believe that these original ob- 
jectives were sound and that Congress 
should pursue a course of attaining 
the objectives as rapidly as is reason- 
ably possible. Every time a new 
emergency loan is placed in the Farm 
Credit Administration, the tendency 
is to build up the program for govern- 
ment lending and submerge the co- 
operative credit program. 

Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation 

We believe the Federal Farm Mort- 
gage Corporation should eventually be 
placed in liquidation. In all prob- 
ability some liberalizing of the Land 
Bank loans, or some system of en- 
larging the scope of the first mortgage 
loan, with a system of insurance on 
everything above a 50 per cent value 
will be necessary when this is done. 

Crop and seed loans should also be 
liquidated and discontinued as soon 
as it can reasonably be done. Inci- 
dentally, the wide use of crop insur- 
ance would make possible more rapid 
liquidation of such loans. 

The Joint Stock Land Banks should 
be continued in liquidation. 

Regional Agricultural Credit 
Corporations 

The Regional Agricultural Credit 
Corporations should be continued in 
liquidation because cooperative cred- 
it and private credit are now avail- 
able to supply most of the needs for 
which they were originally created. 
We would favor continuing a Region- 
al Agricultural Credit Corporation 
fund for meeting emergencies, but 
under the existing acts the corpora- 
tions are given the broadest possible 
powers of lending, the sole restriction 
being that the loans be made for 
agricultural purposes. 

They were set up as emergency 
agencies, and the emergency for which 
they were created has passed. 

We recommend that loans shall be 
made by such corporations only in 
emergencies of regional scope, that no 
loans be made from such funds to 
any borrower who is able to secure 
the funds from the cooperative or pri- 
vate lending agencies customarily 
engaged in making loans of similar 
character. We believe such safe- 
guards would prevent abuses and still 
leave the funds available for meeting 
real emergencies where they occur. 
The question is asked if it would not 
be better to abolish the RACC. We 
doubt if this is the most constructive 
solution. Emergencies are constant- 
ly arising where the judicious use of 
credit may save heavy losses. It is 
well to have funds for meeting them. 
♦Ve believe the Treasury will be saved 
money by the continuance of an 
emergency fund adequately safe- 
guarded. W^e suggest that the re- 
volving fund be limited to $5,000,000 

Farm Security Administration 

There are certain types of loans 
which take on the character of relief, 
rehabilitation, or education, but which 
cannot be considered as purely credit 
problems. It seems to us that sound 
administration would call for these 
loans being grouped under an" admin;- 
istration designed to care for relief o^ 
^^^abilitation. The Farm Securit:^ 
Administration was created for this 
purpose, and we believe it should be 
continued to serve such a purpose. 
However, it was given or inherited 
very broad power, largely because 




The boy who used to load your feed 



He is in Tunisia now . , , or Guadalcanal . . . or on the High Seas 



R. 



.EMEMBER the time that some of the boys 
couldn't show up for silo-filling: .? You didn't 
quit putting up silage. The rest of you just pitch- 
ed in and worked that much harder. 

Today . . . and for a while to come . . . some 
of the boys won't show up at your G.L.F. Service 
Agency, or at the fertilizer plant or the farm 
supply warehouse. They've got another job to do. 

Already 635 of your G.L F. Service Agency 
hired men are in the armed services. Others are 
carrying on for them as best they can. Older 
men and girls. Boys not old enough for the 
army. But the job gets bigger and there are few 
places to turn for help . . . except to the 140,000 
farm families who have helped build G.L.F., 
who own it, and who count on it for service. 



How You Can Help 

1. By planning ahead, 
ordering your supplies 
well in advance so that 
they can be delivered at 
onetime, alongwith those 
of your neighbors. That 
will save not only man- 
hours, but gasoline and 
rubber too. 




2. By understanding ... if the service isn't 
always as good as it was in peace time. 

3. By volunteering ... in case of an emergency 
... to come in and help out for a day or two . . . 
or even for a few hours ... in your own G.L.F. 
Service Agency. You'll be paid at the going rate 
for the work you do. 

« « * 

You and your neighbors have built G.L.F. 
You own it. You need its community services 
. . . they are part of your farm operation. Come 
what may, you and your neighbors can keep the 
service running in your community until the boys 
who used to serve you can come home again. 

Next time you see the man who operates your 
G.L. F. Service, tell him you will help if you are 
needed. 



Cooperative G.L.F. 
Exchange, Inc. 

Ithaca, New York 




635 of^our G.L.F, boys are in uniform. Will y;ou help until they come home? 



^ 



> [ 



r 



Congress was unable to define the lim- 
its of the emergency which existed 
and wanted to make sure that some 
agency had sufficient powers to meet 
whatever contingencies might arise. 
In our judgment, these powers have 
been abused in many instances, and 
the time has come for defining the 
scope and purposes of the Farm Se- 
curity Administration and the man- 

'^er in which its funds should be used. 

'The purposes should be so circum- 
scribed and limited that no further 
money could be used in any way con- 
nected with building land settlement 
projects, community building project^ 
like Arthurdale, or any more of the 



wild schemes upon which millions 
have been wasted. Generally speak- 
ing, we believe the activities of this 
agency should be confined to tenant 
purchase loans and rehabilitation 
loans. If properly safeguarded, the 
Regional Agricultural Credit Corpo- 
ration loans and the crop and feed 
loans could be handled by the same 
agency. 

There has been considerable abuse 
in the rehabilitation loans. The ac- 
counts have been so kept that no one 
can tell what they have cost to make 
or to supervise. Many cases have 
come to our attention where farmers 
were urged to borrow money which 



they would ordinarily not have bor- 
rowed. 

Making large sums of money avail- 
able without a clear definition as to 
how it should be used invites bad ad- 
ministration. In our judgment, the 
remedy is not to kill off the institu- 
tion, which has a worthwhile purpose 
to serve, but to define clearly the pur- 
pose for which it was created and the 
purposes for which appropriations can 
be expended. 

Tenant Purchase Program 

The Bankhead-Jones Tenant Pur- 
chase section has probably been the 
(Continued on page 6.) 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1943 



June, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



National Grange Jottings 



Tabcr Louis J. Taber, former 

Reelected National Master, has been 
reelected president of the 
Ohio State Council of Churches, fol- 
lowing his past year's services in that 
responsible position. Reelection in 
this Ohio organization is unusual, 
and the action just taken is a fine 
commentary on Mr. Taber's leader- 
ship ability, as well as a tribute to his 
wide religious experience and close 
contact with the various organization 
groups of the Buckeye State. 

Mr. Taber is a representative of 
the Quaker faith, several of whose 
churches are included in the member- 
ship of the Council. The latter com- 
prises between 5,000 and 6,000 local 
units in the state and has an enroll- 
ment of about 1,600,000. 

Service A Grange in Monroe 

Rewarded County, New York, Pitts- 
ford, No. 425, gets into the 
limelight because of its last meeting, 
at which time 65 Silver Star certifi- 
cates were awarded to members, in- 
dicating that each one had rounded 
out 25 years of continuous member- 
ship and activity. Special recognition 
was given to Stewart A. Canfield, who 
has held the position of secretary of 
Pittsford Grange for an even 40 years 
on a stretch and still occupies that 
important chair. 

Presentation of Silver Star certifi- 
cates is a common feature in Grange 
meetings, but it is believed that the 
group of 65 Patrons so honored on a 
single occasion establishes a new 
record in the Granges of the nation. 

Production In New Hampshire, the 
Awards State Grange, under the 

leadership of State 
Master William J. Neal, announces a 
plan of "A" awards to members of the 
Grange who increase their farm pro- 
duction of vital war products in 1943 
over 1942, or who make noteworthy 
production in the face of unusual 
handicaps and in spite of the loss of 
family help to the armed forces. 

Judging committees will be set up 
in various parts of the state, and 
awards will be offered for increased 
quantities of milk, eggs, meat, vege- 
tables, etc. It is expected that not less 
than 8,000 New Hampshire farmers 
will qualify for these "A" awards for 
meritorious production of vital foods. 

110 New In spite of transportation 
Members handicaps. Granges from 
all parts of the United 
States are reporting accessions to 
their membership running intb large 
numbers. 

The Grange which probably tops 
the list is Ridgeville, No. 2155, in 
Lorain County, Ohio, which has 
added 110 new members to its roll 
since 1943 began, besides 20 rein- 
statements. The recent initiation 
night of this great class was made a 
gala occasion by the Ridgeville group, 
and members came from a wide area 
to witness the ceremonies. 

The membership drive closed on 
the 25th aniversary of this Grange, 
and one feature of the celebration was 
an anniversary pageant with a cast of 
30 members and a big chorus, besides 
the presentation of Silver Star certifi- 
cates to 19 Patrons. 

A Pile What the people of a small 

of Scrap town can do when they 
put their shoulders to the 
wheel and have a leader finds new 
illustration in the case of a little 
Massachusetts town, where the scrap 
collection under Grange auspices 
brought from its hiding place more 



than 100 tons of scrap. Quick sale 
of the accumulation was made, and 
as the result a mortgage of nearly 
$600 on the Grange hall was wiped 
out. A merry mortgage-burning eve- 
ning resulted, and before it was over 
the Grange voted to start a new scrap 
drive, even though it appeared that 
their small town had been pretty 
thoroughly cleaned up in the first 
drive. 

Treasurer Among the most active 
No Quitter Grange members in New 
York State should be in- 
cluded Mrs. Olive S. Dean of Batavia, 
who for more than 30 years con- 
tinuously has held her present posi- 
tion as treasurer of Genesee County 
Pomona. When she was 16 years old 
she joined North Alexander Grange, 
and now realizes that that was 67 
years ago. She is the only living 
charter member of that subordinate, 
which was instituted May 4, 1876, and 
for many years she was its secretary. 
Mrs. Dean is a Golden Sheaf member 
of the Grange organization and is the 
mother of Edward S. Dean, former 
city clerk of Batavia. 



cies to be followed after the war, par- 
ticularly in relation to agricultural 
planning. 



a draper 



God, Thy word is hidden in 
the very framework of the 
world; Thy image is stamped 
in the very core of our being; 
Thy voice soundeth in experi- 
ences which sing, and sob, and 
sigh across life's changing 
scenes. Bowing in this hushed 
moment, we would discard every 
mask and disguise of pretense 
which, alas, too often we wear 
before the face of man. To give 
Thee back the life we owe is 
but to exchange the shallow 
pools of our vain designs and 
desires for the ocean depths of 
Thy eternal purpose in us and 
through us. 

May the fretful fears that 
film our sight be cast out by a 
love that takes the dimness of 
our souls away. With new eyes 
may we see Thee as our Father, 
our fellows as our neighbors, 
and ourselves as our brothers' 
keepers. In that vision splendid 
of Divine Fatherhood and of 
human brotherhood may we 
dream our dreams, mold our 
lives, enact our laws, build our 
Nation, and plan our world, 
until this shadowed earth which 
is our home rolls out of the 
darkness into the light and it is 
daybreak everywhere. Amen. 
— Rev. Frederick Brown 
Harris, Chaplain, U. S. Senate. 



Post-War Unique among the sub- 
Plans ordinate Granges is Po- 
tomac, No. 1, at the Na- 
tional Capital, whose membership is 
made up largely of men and women in 
the government service. Senators and 
Congressmen and heads of important 
departments. 

One of the latest projects by this 
Grange at Washington, D. C, is the 
setting up of a general planning com- 
mittee, designed to function in the 
questions on economics, education, 
transportation and post-war planning. 
Each group will study its subject and 
be prepared to contribute information 
whenever that line of discussion is 
taking place. Potomac Grange dis- 
cussion will run largely toward poli- 



FARM CREDIT 

(Continued from page 5.) 
most successful and most constructive 
activity of the Farm Security Ad- 
ministration. With the amount of 
money available it can never be ex- 
pected to do more than lead the way, 
or act as a pattern for sale of farms 
to tenants on a constructive basis. 
There have developed two trends 
which should be guarded against. 
Both involve matters of sound admin- 
istration, and while we would recom- 
mend no basic changes in Title I of 
the law, except as to interest rates, 
and loans to men released from mili- 
tary service, both of which are cov- 
ered later, we believe an expression 
of purpose would be timely as a guide 
to the administrator. 

In some sections particularly where 
buildings constitute a substantial por- 
tion of the purchase price, there has 
been a tendency to provide more in 
the way of improvements than might 
be justified. 

There is a normal course of pro- 
gress toward farm ownership which 
is sound. The young boy leaving the 
farm works for wages. As he is able 
to save enough to get a start in equip- 
ment he becomes a sharecropper or 
tenant. In some sections of the coun- 
try the sharecrop stage is a step 
toward tenancy while in others it is 
a form of tenancy. The successful 
tenant graduates to ownership. The 
trend is normal and is as it should be. 
The part that Government should 
play is to see that the road is kept 
free from obstructions that would pre- 
vent the ambitious, thrifty farmer 
from making such progress as his 
efforts merit. Any program which 
seeks to advance the farmer from the 
bottom to the top rung of the ladder 
at one jump will probably always re- 
sult in a high percentage of failures. 
The purpose of tenant purchase loans 
is reasonable if followed. 

In our judgment, there has been a 
regrettable tendency to hold up ten- 
ancy as an evil. Tenancy is a sound 
and desirable step in the progress 
toward ownership. The evil in ten- 
ancy lies in the terms of lease which 
might make it impossible for the ten- 
ants to make any progress from the 
state of tenancy toward ownership, or 
the lack of capital sufficient to make 
the shift. 

If the purpose of following this 
normal route is clearly set forth in 
the law, and if the path is kept free 
from obstructions, there would be no 
excuse for some of the abuses and 
questionable settlement schemes 
which have been followed. 

The Farm Security Administration 
has been under heavy attack. Much 
of this criticism appears to have been 
justified, but we should differentiate 
between the administration and the 
purposes of the Act. In our judg- 
ment, there is a need for certain 
forms of rehabilitation credit and 
other helps to tenant farmers. This 
is as sound as our vocational educa- 
tion system or the Extension Service. 
We need an agency to care for this 
type of credit. The problem is to see 
that it is limited to the work intended 
and well administered. 

One of the objectives of the Farm 
Security Administration should be to 
get the farmer out of debt as soon as 
possible. As soon as the borrower 
becomes eligible for a loan from the 
Production Credit Association, or the 
Federal Land Bank, or both, he 
should be graduated into this type of 
credit. ' 



In our judgment the greatest mis- 
take the Farm Security Administra- 
tion has made is the failure to realize 
the limitations of credit. The prin- 
ciple emphasis has been placed on liv- 
ing standards and too frequently 
there has been a failure to recognize 
that living standards must be sup- 
ported by income. Debt is justified 
only when it will enable the borrower 
to improve his earning position by an 
amount sufficient to pay the interest 
and retire the debt. If so handled, 
credit becomes a useful servant. If 
used to produce comforts beyond the 
ability of income to support, it be- 
comes a cruel master. 

So many visionary and impractical 
projects have been undertaken by the 
Farm Security Administration that 
we believe your Committee should 
give careful consideration to estab- 
lishing the qualifications for any ad- 
ministrator in charge and any of his 
immediate assistants. A practical 
working knowledge of f arnaing should 
be an indispensable qualification of 
any policy-making official. 

Since some of the Farm Security 
Administration officials have seemed 
more interested in securing^ union 
organization and union conditions for 
farm workers than in securing an 
adequate supply of farm labor, we 
recommend a provision prohibiting 
any employe of the Department of 
Agriculture from promulgating regu- 
lations directly or indirectly which 
conflict with the exemptions provided 
for farm labor in the National Labor 
Relations Act and the Fair Labor 
Standards Act. 



I 



Feder.\l Crop Insurance 
The need for a workable plan of 
crop insurance has long been ap- 
parent. At present neither coopera- 
tive nor private agencies appear to be 
equipped to carry a practical crop in- 
surance program. Under the circum- 
stances, the Grange has given its sup- 
port to the government crop insurance 
program. Some progress has been 
made. It was, of course, inevitable 
that some losses would have to be met 
in the beginning. Perhaps too large a 
percentage of these losses have been 
saddled upon the government. How- 
ever, we do not favor the complete 
abandonment of the plan. In cutting 
off the appropriation for this purpose, 
the House Committee decided that 
the experiment should be discon- 
tinued. We believe that the plan 
should be continued and its scope 
gradually broadened as experience 
justifies. 

AgRICULTI RAL ADJUSTMENT 

Administration 

Our organization has never sup- 
ported a program for curtailing pro- 
duction as a means of increasing farm 
commodity prices through scarcity. 
We have always believed that the most 
efficient way of obtaining a well- 
balanced production, and still assur- 
ing an abundant supply, would be 
found in an adequate marketing 
system, one element of which would 
be a two-price system on crops o^ 
which we produce a surplus. It ^^ 
not our purpose to enter into a dis- 
cussion of this phase of the problem, 
except to point out that in comment- 
ing upon the AAA setup, we do not 
want to leave the impression that the 
Grange approves all the principles 
and practices which have been fol' 
lowed.. We recognize, however, that 
until a more practical plan is de- 
veloped, the AAA organization is the 
most effective means readily at hand 
for meeting a difficult situation. 
Therefore, our comments will be con- 
fined to suggesting economies and 
(Continued on page 9.) 



I 



I 



THE LECTURER'S CORNER 

O. WALKER SHANNON, State Lecturer 



CEILINGS 

TODAY we are confronted on 
every side by one sort of ceiling 
or another. We have ceilings on 
many food products and on most 
other things which we buy. We abide 
by these ceilings and regulate our 
expenses around them. 

Whether ceilings are necessary or 
not is not what we wish to direct your 
attention to. The fact is we have 
them and will continue to have them 
for many years whether we desire 
them or not. There are, however, 
some things on which there are no 
ceilings. Among these we find some 
of the most important things in life. 
"We are today working toward a bet- 
ter world for every one to live in. 
Our special part in building this new 
and better world is to create a new 
and better rural America. To do this 
requires that we must dedicate our- 
selves to the cause of Agriculture. 

To build anything requires effort, 
thought and hard work. It also, in 
this case, requires a high degree of 
patriotism. Not the flag-waving or 
cheer-leading kind, but the everyday 
effort and solemn acceptance of the 
responsibility which is required by 
every one who would claim to be a 
true American. There is no ceiling 
on any of these things. Individual 
effort has no restrictions placed upon 
it. The only ceiling is the individual's 
own sense of responsibility. 

The programs we plan and develop 
reflect the amount of time and energy 
expended. They show very definitely 
where our ceilings are. Maybe many 
of us have been and are at times dis- 
couraged as we try to have worth- 
while programs only to find a lack of 
appreciation on the part of the mem- 
bership. This should not cause us to 
lower our standards of thought or 
planing, but should challenge us to 
devote even more time and energy to 
the task ahead. 

Let us remember always that we 
have a position of leadership. We 
cannot, for the sake of future genera- 
tions, lower our ceilings. We need 
always to keep in mind that there is 
no limit to the individual's ability to 
do good if he but dedicates himself to 
the task with energy, devotion, and 
enthusiasm. May we be satisfied with 
our work only when we have done 
not just what is required but rather 
the best we can do. Let us keep work- 
ing, planning, and building for the 
victory which must come and the 
bright new days ahead for all who 
are deserving. 



TOMATOES 

Acreage devoted to growing to- 
matoes for processing will be in- 
creased four per cent this year over 
last year in Pennsylvania if growers 
are able to fulfill their present inten- 
J^ons, according to reports to the 
State Department of Agriculture. 



CEILINGS AND SUBSIDIES 

Bv Albert S. Goss, Master, 
National Grange 

rhe price control-subsidy issue of 
today deeply concerns every one. Be- 
cause the farmer's position has been 
badly misrepresented I would like to 
cite an example which may be a bit 
extreme, but which illustrates what is 
happening to the consumer. 

When the Texas cabbage producer 



was getting from $50 to $60 a ton, 
the cabbage sold for approximately 6c 
a pound in Chicago. When ceilings 
were placed, this is what happened: 

Paid to farmer $60.00 per ton 

Packing and loading. 15.00 " " 

Freight and icing . . . 30.00 " " 

Cost at Chicago 105.00 " " 

First Handler's Com- 
mission, 8% 8.40 " " 

Cost to wholesaler . . . 113.40 " " 

Wholesaler's commis- 
sion, 171/2% 19.85 " « 

Cost to retailer 133.25 " " 

Retailer's margin, 

65% 86.60 " " 

Cost to consumer . . . 219.85 " " 

The retail price promptly advanced 
to 9c, 10c and even lie per pound. 
After deducting shrinkage, the re- 
tailer's margin is nearly $80 a ton as 
compared to the $60 received by the 
farmer for his investment and his full 
year's work. Yet the farmer received 
all the blame for the increase in price. 

This is no pinch-penny issue. Our 
whole price structure is affected. We 
are fighting a battle dealing with 
fundamentals which not only vitally 
affect the future of farming, but also 
our whole national welfare. We want 
members to be informed about the 
truth of the issue involved and to take 
an active interest in supporting a 
sound program for preventing infla- 
tion and for securing ample produc- 
tion. We would like to have these 
matters discussed in every Grange in 
the nation. 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL 
GRANGE LEADERSHIP SCHOOL 

at 
STATE COLLEGE 

June 16, 17, 18, 1943 

Theme: The Grange in Service 
FOR Victory 

Wednesday Morning, June 16 

10:00 Registration — First Floor 
Lounge, Old Main. 

Wednesday Afternoon 
Presiding: Walker Shannon 

2:00 Opening of Conference. 

Group Singing— Prof. W. H. 
McCullough, Leader; Mrs. 
Charles Hess, A c c o m- 
panyist. 

Greetings — Dean S. W. 
Fletcher, Dean of the 
School of Agriculture, Pa. 
State College. 

Response — Kenzie S. Bag- 
shaw, Master, Pa. State 
Grange. 

Prelude to a Post-War Plan 
—Prof. W. R. Gordon, 
Rural Sociologist, Pa. 
State College. 

Grange Service in Wartime 
— James C. Farmer, Lec- 
turer, National Grange. 

4 : 30 Recess. 

Wednesday Evening 

7 : 30 Demonstration Grange meet- 
ing. 

9 : 00 A Fun Program— Prof . C. P. 
Lang, Assistant 4-H Club 
Leader, Pa. State College. 

Thursday Morning, June 17 

Presiding: Mrs. H. A. Snyder, Po- 
mona Lecturer, Lycoming Co. 

8 : 45 Devotions — Guest Pastor. 



9:00 Uniting Our Efforts— Hon. 
W. Sharp Fullerton, Assist- 
ant Steward, Pa. State 
Grange. 

9 : 45 Panel Discussion, ''The War 
and Rural Youth"— Prof. 
Allen Baker, State 4-H 
Leader. 

10 : 45 Sectional Meetings. 

Pomona Lecturers — Walker 
Shannon. 

Subordinate Lecturers — 
James C. Farmer 

Masters and Deputies — Ken- 
zie S. Bagshaw. 

Juvenile Matrons — Lucy C. 
Shumway. 

11 : 45 Group Picture — Front of 
Library. 

Thursday Afternoon 

Presiding: Mrs. Francis Boak, Po- 
mona Lecturer, Lawrence Co. 

1 : 30 Group Singing. 

The Days Ahead — Miles 
Horst, Pa. State Secretary 
of Agriculture. 

2:15 Workshop Sessions. 

1. Planning Wartime Pro- 
grams — James C. Farmer. 

2. Leading Discussions in the 
Grange — Dr. M. E. John. 

3. Recreation for Home and 
Community — Prof. C. P. 
Lang. 

4. Organizing Rural Com- 
munity Resources for War- 
time Activities — C. E. 
Adams and Miss Ann 
Forbes. 

5. Making the Meeting Go — 
Prof. Russel Dickerson. 

6. Program for the Juvenile 
Grange — Lucy C. Shum- 
way. 

7. Organizing for Victory — 
Dr. E. W. Sheets. 

8. Wartime Activities for 
Granges — Dr. Beatty H. 
Dimit. 

Some worship sessions will be 
offered for one day only. 
Others will be repeated 
Friday. Listen for an- 
nouncements. 

Thursday Evening 

Joint Session with Conference on 

Wartime Problems and Rural 

Pastor's Short Course 

8 : 00 The Farmers' Problem as I 
See It — Albert S. Goss, 
Master, National Grange. 

9 : 00 Recreation Period — Rev. 
John Howes. 

Friday Morning, June 18 

Presiding: Mrs. Joseph Winder, Po- 
mona Lecturer, Lower Bucks 

8 : 45 Devotions — Guest Pastor. 

9 : 00 Address — Dr. Beatty H. 
Dimit, Overseer, Pa. State 
Grange. 

9 : 45 Announcements. 

10 : 00 Address— E. C. Young. 

11 : 00 Workshop Sessions Repeated. 

Friday Afternoon 

Joint Session with Conference on 

Wartime Problems and Pastor's 

Short Course 

1 : 30 How Can We Solve Our Do- 
mestic Problems — Dr. E. C. 
Lindeman, New School of 
Social Research. 
Panel Discussion. 

Friday Evening 
Annual Banquet at the Autoport 

6 : 30 Group Singing— Prof. W. H. 
McCullough. 
Puppet Show— Mrs. W. R. 
Gordon. 



Remarks 

shaw. 
Address. 



Kenzie S. Bag- 



Conference Notes 
Registration 

All delegates are required to register 
as soon as possible. The fee is $1.00 
for the entire course or fifty cents per 
day. 

Lodging 

Rooms will be assigned those desir- 
ing them in private homes, the day 
of registration. 

Meals 

Meals may be secured at a number 
of restaurants on College Ave., State 
College. 

Banquet 

Tickets for the banquet to be held 
at the Autoport, Friday evening, June 
18, will be on sale at the registration 
table Wednesday and Thursday. No 
tickets will be sold after Thursday 
evening. We are endeavoring to ar- 
range suitable transportation to and 
from the Autoport. 

Time 

Please be prompt at meetings. If 
you arrive at the auditorium during 
the devotional period or during an 
address, please wait until the person 
has finished speaking before taking 
your seat. 

Reports 

Your Grange wants a full report of 
this Leadership School. Therefore, 
take notes of the interesting and con- 
structive features for the benefit of 
those at home. 



WAR MEAT BOARD 

Establishment of a War Meat 
Board to facilitate the handling of 
the nation's meat supply, has been 
announced by the War Food Admin- 
istration and the Office of Price Ad- 
ministration. 

Members of the meat board, who 
are to be named later, will consist of 
a chairman, the representative of the 
War Food Administrator; a repre- 
sentative of the Armed Forces ; a rep- 
resentative of the War Food Admin- 
istration; a representative of the 
Food Rationing Division, Office of 
Price Administration; and a repre- 
sentative of the Price Division of the 
Office of Price Administration. In 
addition, top men to be selected from 
the meat industry will be named to 
the board to cover the following di- 
visions of the trade: pork; beef: 
small stock, such as lamb, veal and 
mutton; and canned meat. 

The nine-man board, serving as the 
"nerve center" for the entire wartime 
meat management program, will oper- 
ate in Chicago, Illinois. 

Quarterly and yearly requirements 
for meat by the Armed Forces, 
civilians, and Lend-Lease agencies 
will continue to be determined by the 
allocation authorities in Washington. 
The War Meat Board will take steps 
to make effective the allocation and 
distribution of the national meat 
supply among the three claimant 
groups, taking into account the total 
quantity of meat available from day 
to day and week to week. The War 
Meat Board is set up to effectuate 
this wartime meat management pro- 
gram through a continuing, close co- 
ordination of governmental meat con- 
trols, through direct cooperation of 
all government agencies involved and 
all segments of the livestock and meat 
industry. 

The U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture has announced the allocation of 
$1,790,000 Rural Electrification loan 
funds in 18 states. 



i 



ii 



ii 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1943 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 
Room 426-28, Telegraph Building 
216 Locust Street, Harricburg, Pa. 



S cents a copy 



50 cents a year 



Vol. XL 



JUNE, 1943 



No. 3 



Board of Managers 
KENZIE S. BAGSHAW, President, HoUidaysburg, Pa. 

6. MERLE GRIFFIN ALBERT MADIGAN C. M. DAVIDSON 

Smock, Pa. Towanda, Pa. Grove City, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, KENZIE S. BAGSHAW 

Managing Editor, MILES HORST 
427-429 Telegraph Building, Harriaburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, O. WALKER SHANNON 
Hookstown, Pa. 

AiyVERTISING Is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per inch, 
each insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



late, but may be in time to relieve the situation next spring. It has taken 
Washington a year and a half to recognize what agriculture has contended 
all that time— that equipment for farms is a war essential. But that ig 
pretty good time for bureaucracy, which rarely recognizes an error of itg 
own construction and then is plenty reluctant about correcting it. 



^ • 



Leadership School 

As REPORTED on the Lecturer's page this month, the annual Grange 
^ Lecturers' Conference will be held June lG-18 at State College, Pa. 
A program in keeping with the times and in recognition of the re- 
sponsibility of the Grange under present conditions has been prepared. We 

hope full advantage will be taken of the opportunities it presents. 

1^1 

Every Officer Get a Member 

MANY Grange officers have secured new members during the past few 
months. Some Granges have taken hold of the membership drive 
in earnest and have made fine gains. Get your members before the 
end of the June quarter. You will be doing them a favor and their presence 
in the Grange will add to the strength of the Order. 



Along the Railroad Tracks 

DOWN along the railroad tracks in industrial cities life is not easy to 
endure or pleasant to observe. There is smoke and grime and deso- 
lation. Not many years ago there was languor and despair. Now 
there is action and ambition. In many windows hang a blue star and in 
rnost backyards struggles a garden. Here from squalid surroundings come 
boys to fight, as young men have fought since the beginning of time, to de- 
fend clan, community, country— their way of life. And here too sprouts 
from loamy beds, along with weeds and ragged radish tops, that fundamental 
impulse of humanity to survive, for when the scheme of things breaks down 
and food supply is threatened, folks look to the land for their sustenance. 
Perhaps their soil is poor, their methods crude, their skill scanty, their 
energy unequal to the completed task, but their faith is the faith of all who 
plant and their hope that of every husbandman. 



^^^ 



Milk Muddle 



^ • 



' World Food Conference 

THE importance of food in a hungry post-war world will doubtless be a 
factor in any reconstruction effort. American agriculture, long famous 
for its productive efficiency and its freedom from regimentation, should 
be on guard against commitments which could jeopardize its position in the 
economy of the nation or abridge the freedom on which its very existence 
depends. 



A DOG can have a lot of fun and do little harm chasing its tail. When 
at that exercise it is not chasing a cat or doing other damage, but is 
expending surplus energy. From that standpoint the dizzy custom 
may be justified, but to us it has always been as confusing as the milk prob- 
lem. Doubtless there will be a milk marketing problem until the cows go 
dry. In the past months this problem in parts of Pennsylvania has taken 
peculiar turns and got nowhere. First the Milk Control Commission ordered 
an advance in price. This the OPA approved, then revoked. Now the 
need for more money to cover production costs brings out the subsidy sug- 
gestion, to give farmers more money and not charge it to consumers. How- 
ever, the consumer, as usual, will foot the bill, whether he pays it direct to a 
milk company or indirectly through taxes. Uncle Sam, despite his gener- 
osity, is not magician enough to get money from any source except the tax- 
payer. A milk subsidy is a subterfuge, designed to fool the class it pretends 
to favor. . 



Public Opinion 



w • 



Strikes and Slowdowns 

IT IS hard for farm people, who are accustomed to long hours of toil and 
the completion of the task at hand, to understand how any substantial 
group of American citizens can wantonly impede the war effort when so 
many of our boys are giving their lives, and it is doubtful whether if given 
free choice many would do it. Labor unions have such dictatorial control 
over the lives of their members that the individual worker has little freedom 
of action or expression when issues involving mass movements arise. When 
a strike is called the leaders, not the majority of workers, make the decision, 
but the workers get the blame. Agriculture has no use for this kind of lead- 
ership and has studiously avoided it. 



» 9 



Farm Labor 



LEADERS and plans and stupidity which set class against class, arrange 
group against group, arouse suspicion, cultivate distrust and breed con- 
fusion are hardly assets in time of war. When they slow up progress, 
like labor strikes, they are hotly denounced, and such censure is doubtless in 
order. But while lambasting the inanity or chicanery of unwise or worse 
leadership let us not forget our private responsibility as molders of thought 
in our own bailiwicks. That is where the cement is mixed which builds a 
mighty nation. Lawmakers may mouth grand words in gaudy halls, but 
they are generally echoing, with some embellishment, the words they hear 
from home. Rather than regret the effects of expedients or experiments it is 
better to solidify home opinion so that those delegated with authority know 
what the folks who chose them think. Few will go opposite to such public 
opinion. That opinion to gain attention must be expressed. When home 
folks are weak in convictions or undecided on issues, how can they expect 
leaders always to be wise and just ? Granges and similar organizations have 
a duty and an opportunity to study, analyze and express opinions on issues 
of vital importance to agriculture, to the country and to the cause for which 
the allied nations war. 



THE farm labor problem has finally been placed in the hands of the 
Agricultural Extension Service, as explained elsewhere in this issue. This 
move will be popular with farmers, for they know the Extension force 
is familiar with their needs, but farmers also know that no easy solution of 
the farm labor problem is at hand. Too many highly skilled and experienced 
farm workers have left the land for factory or fighting force. They cannot be 
replaced over night. This is especially true in Pennsylvania where dairying 
is the leading farm enterprise. Doubtless our Extension Service, which is 
very close to actual farm conditions, will render a real service through its 
local committees in securing an additional supply of seasonal labor, but 
there are limits to its ability to fill the gap left by skilled men now in other 
pursuits. 



Foreign Labor 



^ > 



Starters and Headlights 

AN" AMENDMENT to Limitation Order L-170 of the War Production 
jr\ Board permits the use of copper for making starting motors and head- 
lights for farm tractors. This is in order that women, presumably less 
husky than men, can start tractors and that tractors may be operated at 
night. The amendment won't help this spring's plowing, for it comes too 



SINCE the May issue of Grange News went to press about two hundred 
workers from Bahama have come into Pennsylvania. They are em- 
ployed on a large commercial truck farm under an arrangement which 
provides that they return to Bahama when the season's work in this state is 
finished, thus avoiding one cause of concern in connection with such farm 
labor, namely; that communities might find themselves burdened with it 
after the war when the need for it had ceased. Other discussed plans for 
use of foreign labor include use of prisoners of war from Europe, importation 
of workers from Mexico and placement of Japanese- Americans now in deten- 
tion camps. The latter present a ticklish problem. Few people trust tw 
Japanese, yet those who know them report that the majority are loyal Amef" 
leans and that their detention in camps is not in accord with what they have 
learned about freedom in this country. Mexican workers by the thousands 
are being routed to western beet fields, where they can be used to advantage- 
As to the war prisoners, it is apparent that it would be cheaper to make them 
earn their keep than to send food to Africa to maintain them there, but 
details of any definite plan to put them to work have not been announced. 



June, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



FARM CREDIT 

(Continued from page 6.) 

recommending the abatement of 
abuses within the organization as it 
now stands. 

We have always feared the possi- 
bility of political abuse in a wide- 
spread county organization paid from 
Washington and made subject to its 
orders. One of the things that makes 
this abuse possible is the method in 
which the county committees are set 
up and under which they operate. 
Good administration requires that a 
policy-making body should be separate 
from an administrative body, and 
under no circumstances should it sit 
in judgment on its own acts. A 
serious blunder is frequently made in 
a committee or commission form of 
operation by having the committee or 
commissioners act as administrative 
officers. In this manner each usually 
has a task to perform, and is par- 
ticularly interested in that task, so 
that when they meet as a committee 
or commission, each is an advocate 
of his own particular job, and they sit 
in judgment over themselves and each 
other. We have a number of in- 
stances of such poor administration 
in federal government today. 

We believe the AAA committee 
should not be an operating committee, 
l»ut should meet at stated periods and 
employ an executive secretary or 
clerk. The chairman of the commit- 
tee should not be an operator. His 
duties should be to preside over meet- 
ings of the committee and to convene 
the committee in special sessions. If 
operations are carried out by paid 
employees, there should be few oc- 
casions requiring special meetings of 
the committee. We believe both 
economy and efficiency would be pro- 
moted by such a change. 

CoL'NTY War Boards 

The County War Boards are made 
up of the chairman of the AAA com- 
mittee and the representatives of all 
the government agencies in the 
county. It is our understanding that 
they have no funds upon which to 
operate, so that they make use of the 
other agencies and most of the cash 
expenditures are paid from AAA 
funds. In some counties there are 
representatives of the Soil Conserva- 
tion Service, the County Agent, the 
Home Demonstration Agent, Federal 
Farm Loan Association, Production 
Credit Association, the Farm Secur- 
ity Administration, and other repre- 
sentatives. In other counties the 
Board consists only of the county 
agent and the chairman of the AAA 
committee. Since the board has to 
determine the policies affecting agri- 
culture, it would seem as though 
there should be more farmer repre- 
sentation. The board should act as a 
board of directors and employ a clerk 
or secretary to do the necessary work. 
For this purpose funds should be pro- 
vided other than AAA funds. In the 
appointment of direct farmer repre- 
sentatives we suggest that they be ap- 
pointed by the State War Board from 
the three highest nominees submitted 
by the County War Board after con- 
sultation with the general farm or- 
ganizations in the county. 

State War Boards 

We recommend that the State War 
Board be made up of governmental 
agencies represented in the state as 
now, plus the director or Com- 
missioner of Agriculture; that they 
meet as a policy-making body and 
employ an executive secretary or clerk 
With necessary assistants; that in 
each state a representative of the 
Farm Credit Administration be a 
member of the board, such repre- 



June 2- 
June 2- 

June 3- 
June 5- 
Jiine 5- 

June 7- 

June 9- 

June 9- 
June 12- 

June 12 — ' 

June 12- 
June 16, 

June 17- 

June 19- 

June 19- 

June 19- 
June 24- 



COMING EVENTS 

Armstrong County Pomona will meet at Dayton, Pa. 
Huntingdon County Pomona will meet in I. O. O. F. Hall, 

Huntingdon. 
Bedford County Pomona will meet with Osterburg Grange. 
Allegheny County Pomona will meet with Penn Grange. 
Berks County Pomona will meeft at Topton Lutheran Home, 

with Pioneer Grange as host. 
Washington County Pomona will meet in Masonic Temple, 

Washington. 
McKean County Pomona will meet in East Smethport 

School House, with Keating Grange as host. 
■Erie County Pomona will meet at Waterford. 
Beaver County Pomona will meet in Presbyterian Church 

of Hookstown, with Hookstown Grange as host. 
Carbon County Pomona will meet at Friendship Grange 

Hall, East Penn Township. 
-Fayette County Pomona will meet in Curfew Grange Hall. 
17, 18— GRANGE LEADERSHIP SCHOOL, STATE 

COLLEGE, PA. 
-Potter County Pomona will meet with West Bingham 

Grange. 
-Cambria County Pomona will meet with Buckhorn Grange 

near Wilmore. 
-Monroe-Pike Pomona will meet in Raymondskill Valley 

Grange Hall, Milford. 
-Somerset County Pomona will meet with Friedens Grange. 
-Indiana County Pomona will meet with Savan Grange, 

Rochester Mills. 



CASH WHEN SICKNESS OR ACCIDENTS COME 



sentative to be appointed by the Gen- 
eral Agent of the district. Funds 
should be provided for the necessary 
operations of the board quite apart 
from AAA funds. 

If either the State or County War 
Boards have a worthwhile service to 
perform, and we believe they have, 
their actions should not be controlled 
by an outside agency which holds the 
purse strings. Neither is it fair to 
charge the AAA with the funds which 
are spent in War Board work. 

The Extension Service 

The Extension Service was estab- 
lished as an educational branch of 
government, through which, with 
State and County support, some of 
the information developed in the ex- 
periment stations and Land Grant 
Colleges could be carried directly to 
the farmer through County Agents 
and Home Demonstration Agents. 
There is a distinct tendency to use 
these agents for other than educa- 
tional work. We believe this should 
be discouraged, and, except in cases 
of emergency, the full time of these 
agents should be devoted to educa- 
tional work, as originally intended. 
The Extension Service should serve 
all farmers alike, without regard to 
affiliation with any farm organization. 
We believe we can serve your commit- 
tee best in its study of this problem 
by a frank statement of fact about 
conditions in the field. 

Home Demonstration Agents 

During the war, farm gardens and 
the canning or processing of fruits 
and vegetables play a very important 
part in conserving our food supply. 
We believe it would be a matter of 
true economy to give the Home 
Demonstration Division more sup- 
port. There are approximately one 
thousand counties in the United 
States where there is no home demon- 
stration agent. We believe the federal 
government should supply funds for 
such an agent during the war emer- 
gency. We appreciate that this may 
be considered an act of partiality, but 
we are more interested in results than 
anything else in making this proposal. 
After the war, if such counties are 
not willing or able to support such 
home demonstration agents on the 
same basis as other counties, the serv- 
ice should be discontinued. In all 
probability many counties will learn 
for the first time of the value of this 



service and will continue it, but our 
purpose at this time is to take prac- 
tical steps to meet the food needs as 
an emergency move. 

Incentive Payments 

The National Grange has endorsed 
incentive payments "made for the 
purpose of introducing and adapting 
new farm crops which may be of value 
to both producers and consumers." 
An incentive payment which is made 
for the purpose of holding the price 
down to the consumer is nothing but 
a subsidy. Conceivably it is possible 
to pay certain farmers in marginal 
areas some incentive to enable them 
to produce crops which they could 
not otherwise produce at ordinary 
price levels, but we kno^v- of no way 
to measure the validity of such pay- 
ments. In our judgment, an adequate 
price will bring forth as large a pro- 
duction as is possible with the man- 
power and machinery available, and 
any such payments would be subject 
to a great deal of favoritisnyi ft'ftld 
abuse. If the purpose of inct^nrth^e 
payments is to hold prices down be- 
low normal costs, they would be at- 
tended by all the evils of subsidies. 
In our judgment, therefore, no funds 
should be provided for incentive pay- 
ments unless adequate safeguards can 
be developed. Under no circum- 
stances should incentive payments be 
made on crops which are under a 
ceiling price. 

Subsidies 

We believe that the Appropriation 
Bill should carry a provision pro- 
hibiting the use of any of the money 
appropriated for subsidies in lieu of 
a fair price. We believe such a use 
not only runs counter to the Price 
Control Act of October 2, 1942, but 
that it will lead us inevitably into 
inflation. 

When the first Price Control Act 
was passed early in 1942, a provision 
was included permitting the use of 
subsidies. After it had been in opera- 
tion some months it became apparent 
that it was the intent of the Ad- 
ministrator of the Office of Price Ad- 
ministration to use subsidies in lieu 
of a fair price. Believing this to be 
a dangerously inflationary practice, 
the Grange appeared before the Bank- 
ing and Currency Committee of the 
Senate when the second Price Control 
Act was under consideration and 
called attention to the danger. 



YOUR ENTIRE FAMILY INSURED UP TO 



%00022 

FOR ACCIDENTAL 

DEATH OR LOSS 

OF MEMBERS 



MAXIMUM 
BENEFITS 



^2522 



WEEKLY 

WHILE SICK 

OR HURT 



Protect the Entire Family this Common Sense Way 

Stop ^ambline with fate ! Why take a chance on loiing 
your life savinet should misfortune befal I you. or youra, 
when the MODERN FAMILY GROUP Htalth and 
Accident foiicy costs but a dollar a month, for tht entire 
family. (AlL AS SpKCIFIED IN POUCy) 

It's 'better to have it and not need it, than not to have it 

and need it ! 
NO MEDICAL EXAMINATION REQUIRED 

Don't confuse this eeneroui offer with others. The 
MODERN is an old establiiihrd Illinois Corporation, 
ch.irtered Not- for -profit. Premiums collected represent 
actual cost of the protection, as nothing is added to pay 
dividends to stockholders. 

Send for 10 Days FREE Inspection Oftar-Today 

Just fill in and mail coupon for fui' details. No oblisa- 
tion. CASH is better than rt^rets. 

MODERN LIFE & ACCIDENT INSURANCE CO. 

DEPT. C 1SS N. CLARK ST., CHICAGO 

MODERN L. a ACC. INS. CO. 

DKPT. C.--ISS N. CLARK ST.. CHICAOO 

Please send me complete information about your amaz- 
inglj low price family group health and accident insurance. 
This does not oblieate me in any way. 

Name 

Address 

(please print State 



-fe'YouCanleli The Weather: 24 Houn in Advance 



^^^3t 




B* Your Own 
WaathacManl 

Now that weather 
reports bare been 

ined for the duration — erery 
family needs a Swiss Windmill 
Weather Forecaster. The 
amazing "storm" glass tells 
you up to 24 HOURS IN 
ADVANCE, whether it's 
going to rain or snow or 
shine. The thermometer 
is extremely accurate — 
from 120O to ZO® below 
zero. Fashioned of hand- 
some colored carvcd-style 
BARRWOOD Irepresent- 
ing a Swiss Windmill, 
Adds a colorful and deco- 
rative note to any room. 
Guaranteed to give years of satixfactory service. Must 
be seen to be appreciated. Test it for 7 days on money- 
back guarantee. 

SEND NO MONEY 

Don't send any money. Ju«t address a card. We will 
ship c. o. d. for only 98c plus postage. Address: 

ILLINOIS MERCHANDISE MART, Dept 973 



84 W. Illinois St. 



Chicago, III. 



Classified Ads. 



FOR SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle — Cows, 
Heifers, and Young Bulls. Sybil 
breeding. Also Chester White Hogs. 

J. A. Boak & Sons, New Castle, Pa. 



C. J. BAINBRIDGE, Syracuse, New York, 
Orange Badges, Buttons, Regalia and supplies 
of every description. Official and the recog- 
nized standard everywhere. Send for catalog. 

BABY CHICKS OF QUALITY— Leghorns. 

Anconas, Hampshires, White Rocks, Reds. 
Nelson's Poultry Farm, Orove City, Pa. 

QUALITY CHICKS 

100% live del. Postpaid Str. Pits. Ckls. 
Pullets 95% guaranteed 100 100 100 
White Leghorns $10.00 $18.00 $4.00 

Plum Creek Poultry Farm and Hatchery, 
Sunbury, Pa. 



We believe Congress should set 
forth the policy of meeting the costs 
of war dislocations now, by assuring 
flexibility in ceilings to meet these 
unavoidable costs. 

(Concluded on page IS,) 






«• 



i 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1943 



Mrs. Ethel H. Rich- 
ards. Chairman, New 
Paris. 

Mrs. Georgia Kresge, 
Falls. 

Miss Agnes Brum- 
baugh, State Col- 
lege. 

Mrs. H. R. McDougal, 
Butler. 

Mrs. Furman Gyger, 
Kimbertoa. 



WOMAN^S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



SUMMER RECREATION 

With summer just around the 
corner and warm sunny days beckon- 
ing us to come outdoors, pefhaps this 
would be a good time to take stock 
of our time and of the possible recre- 
ational activities into which we may 
indulge. The stress and strain of 
these days make recreation all the 
more necessary, but they too call for 
changes in our recreational plans. 
Some forms of recreation may be out 
or seriously curtailed due to the war, 
but it is necessary that we continually 
"re-create" ourselves for the impor- 
tant jobs we have to do. Relaxation 
and change are two assets of recre- 
ation. 

Our recreation need not be such that 
with it there is no accomplishment 
— nothing to show for what is done. 
Taking part in community activites 
may be a change from your regular 
work, accomplish immeasurable good 
for your community and give you joy 
and inspiration at the same time. 
Some of these community activities 
include work with groups of young 
boys or girls. There are many adult 
groups working in various activities 
these days. Most of these are con- 
tributing to the war effort. 

Recreation in the home and with 
the family members is being stressed 
today. This calls forth leadership, in- 
itiative and enthusiasm. Having 
dinner in the yard or packing the 
lunch and going to some attractive 
nearby spot will be a welcome change 
to the family. One of the older chil- 
dren may be put in charge of working 
out some games the members of the 
family can play together. 

A few simple games can be provided 
for around the house to be indulged 
in during the long summer evenings. 
Some suggestions are horseshoe, 
croquet, badminton, dart games, bean 
bag catch, handball, ante-I-over, and 
shuffleboard — on the porch or cement 
driveway. 

With so many demands being made 
on our time, it is important that we 
set aside some portion of it for rec- 
reation or we shall not be able to 
carry on under the pressure of war- 
time. One thing, however, we must 



bear in mind is the importance of 
making wise and discriminating 
choices of the recreational activities 
on which we will put our valuable 
time. 



mobile just in time," say grateful 
patrons. 

Just in time to keep us an active 
intelligent part of our difficult, 
modern world. 



VERBAL BOUQUETS 

He sent to his mother on Mother's 
Day more flowers than he could well 
afford — not an impulsive gift of love, 
but rather a salve for his conscience. 
He hoped they would tell her what he 
never had, that he loved her and ap- 
preciated what she had done for him. 



are a few suggestions for conserving 
energy : 

1. Make the work interesting. If it 
isn't, try to find the reason and make 
the necessary changes. 

2. Enjoy the work. 

3. Keep congenial, pleasant sur- 
roundings. 

4. Have favorable working condi- 
tions — good light and ventilation, 
tools and equipment in good condi- 
tion and suited to the task, comfort- 
able simple clothes, adequate storage 
space, correct working heights. 



June, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



THE BOOKMOBILE 

By Dawes Markwell, Librarian, 
Bradford County Library 

The longer the war lasts, the more 
important will the surviving book- 
mobiles become. Carrying books on 
daily trips through the county, they 
are welcomed with an enthusiasm that 
is a constant reward to the County 
Librarian. Children and adults read 
with an abandon that sends dull sta- 
tistics soaring to astonishing heights. 

"Salt, matches, a ton of chicken 
feed, a strap for Dobbin's bridle and 
books for all the family," is the de- 
mand of the rural storekeeper's cus- 
tomers in counties that are lucky 
enought to have bookmobile service 
for deposit stations. 

People who have never read before 
borrow books on knitting or garden- 
ing; old people reminisce over Vic- 
torian memoirs; men, women and 
children want the latest books on the 
war and post-war planning. A willow 
plate turns up in house cleaning and 
the County Librarian is asked to 
bring the story of willow ware on her 
next trip. 

Bookmobile visits to rural schools 
is a double service since parents often 
become readers through contact with 
Junior's books. People who thought 
reading a waste of time now find it 
essential if they are to understand 
radios and newspapers. Twenty-five 
years ago how many intellectuals 
would have read the U. S. White 
Book or the Beveridge Report ? Those 
two books are in constant circulation 
from the Bradford County book- 
mobile. 

In one school all the eighth grade 
boys suddenly became interested in 
cooking. The bookmobile supplies 
their recipes. Who was Katrinka who 
went skating? The bookmobile carries 
the answer and another youngster 
passes her literature test. 

"We got our County Library book- 





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9 




Children and adults read with abandon 



She spent more time than she ought 
selecting a suitable gift for the 
hostess who had given her such a 
happy week-end. She felt that she 
had not indicated by either her words 
or her actions how much the hospi- 
tality had meant to her. 

The shy, new member left Grange 
feeling that she had bungled her talk 
at the Grange meeting. She lay 
awake half the night thinking of how 
poorly she had expressed her thoughts 
and of how much better it might have 
been done. On their way home from 
Grange, a nUmber of Grangers had 
remarked to other members of the 
family that Mary Rose Smith had 
done very well, hadn't she? She was 
going to be a fine member. 

"Say it with flowers?" Yes, they 
have a beautiful language, but so 
often the flowers arrive too long after 
the need. But words can be spoken 
at the moment. 

No, you're a "strong, silent man" 
and you are a reticent type of woman. 
But I notice you both have a pleased 
gleam in your eye when some one 
gives you a bit of praise. 

Verbal bouquets, try them. K you 
haven't been accustomed to giving 
them, they may be tight little nose- 
gays at first, but they become more 
natural and graceful in time. And 
how they are appreciated! 

Do I need to add that they must 
have the fragrance of sincerity, or else 
they are just so many weeds. 



5. Maintain good posture. 

6. Take time for rest, relaxation, 
and recreation. 

7. Safeguard against accidents. 

8. Have a plan and system for 
working; be open-minded; avoid 
haste and waste motions. 

9. Keep cheerful; have a sense of 
humor; avoid worry and friction. 

10. Keep physically fit; eat nu- 
tritionally well-balanced meals; get 
plenty of rest and sleep. 



The bookmobile brings welcome reading matter to homes throughout a countv 



CONSERVE ENERGY AND 

MEET DAY'S DEMANDS 

F. Edith Morton 

Human energy is a person's ca- 
pacity for work and play. When this 
energy is wisely and effectively used, a 
happy and satisfying life is main- 
tained. Because of the many demands 
being made on the energy of home- 
makers today, it is essential that they 
learn to conserve their energy. They 
must keep healthy, maintain good 
living habits and have desirable and 
pleasant working conditions. Here 



COLORFAST MATERIALS 

BEST FOR SLIP COVERS 

May D. Kemp 

The choice of materials for slip 
covers is not as extensive as in normal 
times, but there's still many good 
fabrics available. These include sail 
cloths, cretonnes, herringbone twills, 
chintz, and heavy percales. Besides 
fabrics, most large stores carry a com- 
plete supply of weltings for seams, 
and button or snap type closings. 
The selection in smaller stores would 
be more limited. 

The trend today is to cover differ- 
ent pieces of furniture with materials 
of different colors instead of the same 
color. However, homemakers are care- 
ful about the use of patterned ma- 
terials. A room with too much pat- 
t e r n will appear restless. It's 
desirable to have only about a fourth 
of the total area of the room pat- 
terned. For example, if walls and rugr 
are plain, figured fabrics can be used 
for slip covers. On the other hand, 
plain or self-colored pattern fabrics 
are the wisest to use if walls and rug 
are figured. 

Homemakers can make their own 
slip covers, but they must take as 
much care in fitting and making the 
covers as they would in making 
dresses for themselves. 



A bit of transparent mending tape 
is convenient in entering recipes 
flipped for papers or magazines in 
a cook book. 



MEAT EXTENDERS MAKE 

YOUR MEAT GO FURTHER 

Eleanor B. Winters 

Because our meat supply must be 
stretched to meet military, lend-lease 
and civilian demands, it is necessary 
for every homemaker to plan wisely 
and extend all meat or meat products. 

The thrifty homemaker has been 
extending meat, for it usually is the 
most expensive single item of food 
that must be bought. To keep the 
food budget within its bounds, she has 
used eggs, fish and dried beans in 
place of meat. 

Besides protein, meat provides some 
iron, vitamins B and G. When selec- 
ting another food to use, instead of 
meat, consider its vitamin and pro- 
tein value. 

To get the most from every bit of 
meat, buy wisely. Consider the waste 
on some cuts. Be open-minded and 
try some of the less familiar cuts. 
Use variety meats often. Perhaps the 
family doesn't enjoy liver, but these 
days no one can be a food fusser. 

Other meat-saver points are : Store 
meat properly ; use a low temperature 
when cooking to avoid undue shrink- 
age and give better pan drippings for 
gravy; use every bit of meat; use 
bones for soup stock and fat and drip- 
pings for gravy. 

Make a little meat go a long way. 
Here are a few suggestions: 

1. Add cereals, bread crumbs, vege- 
tables, and rice to meat loaves and 
patties. 

2. Make a biscuit dough, spread 
with chopped meat, roll as jelly roll, 
bake, and serve with gravy. 

3. Use sauces and spices of all 
kinds for flavor. Add vegetables to 
the gravy. 

4. Use stuffings of different kinds. 

5. Add dried beans and peas to a 




small amount of meat for extra food 
value. 

6. Make the beanburger popular at 
your house instead of hamburger. 

7. Use more milk with meat, such 
as carrot sauce with meat loaf. 

8. Serve variety meats, such as liver 
casserole with vegetables. 

9. Bread, rice, macaroni, spaghetti, 
and cereals with meat or with gravy 
extend its flavor. 

10. Dumplings, biscuits, mashed 
potato crust make meat pies go 
further. 

11. Small amounts of chopped meat 
combined with vegetables make tasty 
sandwich fillings. 

12. Serve more soups, stews, and 
hash. 



FIRST AID TO THE HOME DRESS- 
MAKER — , and never more important than in 
tn»8 year of 1943, when you teel proud and 
patriotic to say: 

"I MADE IT MYSELF!" 

Now, when you release manpower by doing 
your own sewing, when you save dollars and 
dimes that go into bonds and stamps, when 
you have a far better chance to select fabrics 
that suit your need, that will do you lasting 
service, there's no question it's the patriotic 
thing to make your own — and your children's 
—clothes. 

Here's a book that makes the project an 
«»sy and a pleasant one: Twenty-four pages, 
an m attractive colors, presenting pattern 
aesigns that are easy to turn into the pretty 
and liveable clothes we all want today: 

Cotton frocks with vivid personality, young, 
trim, pretty; 

aneers for summer in town; 

Vacation togs, sunbacks, play clothes; 

A whole collection of jumpers; 

aoft styles for the matron; 

*^erky dresses, divine play clothes for 
juniors; 

Cute togs for little folks; 

work clothes for the Victory Garden; 

A carefully thought-out budget wardrobe. 

irimmmg ideas that cost next to nothing. 
Datf*" J*" *'^*' helpful book of over 125 
earl*'"" aes'gns. each one an inspiration, 
eacn one a down-to-earth and wearable style, 

OV*r le* ^°" '*^® ^^^ ^"'^^ ™*"y *»»"«* 

PATTr-Ti« °'" *°*= '^ ordered with pattern. 
NEWQ 5,^, ^P^P'T • PENN'A GRANGE 
burg' pa ^^LEGRAPH BLDG., HARRIS- 



RECEIPES 

Soft Ginger Cookies 

1 pint molasses 

1 cupful lard 

1 cupful buttermilk 

1 tablespoonful soda 

1 tablespoonful ginger 

Flour to roll soft as possible 

Drop Cookies 

V2 cupful sugar 
cupful syrup 
cupful shortening 
cupfuls flour 

teaspoonfuls baking powder 
teaspoonful soda 

2 cupful milk 

1 cupful raisins 

Drop from teaspoon and sprinkle 
with sugar and cinnamon or cloves. 
— Mrs. Archie Kent. 



7. To sharpen sewing machine 
needles stitch through fine sand paper 
or file needle with a fine steel file. 

8. Make quilt patch patterns of fine 
quality sand paper and the pattern 
will not slip on the material so easily. 



The kiss of the sun for pardon, 
The song of the birds for mirth 

One is nearer God's heart in a garden 
Than anywhere else on earth. 

— Dorothy Frances Gurney. 



economically in this manner as it can 
be put only where needed and does 
not drip down around sides of jars." 



1 

3 
2 

V2 

1/- 



HOUSEHOLD HINTS 

In the Kitchen 

1. To prevent chocolate from stick- 
ing, melt it in a small greased cup or 
pan. 

2. To keep the bottom crust of a pie 
crisp, put pie on a rack to cool so air 
can circulate under the pie plate. 

3. To keep a cake fresh, place a 
piece of apple in cake box. 

4. A piece of lemon or orange rind 
in tea cannister gives a good flavor 
to tea. 

5. To remove paraffin tops from 
jelly, lay a piece of string across the 
paraffin as soon as poured on the 
jelly. 

6. Use leftover pickle vinegar for 
thining mayonnaise or for basting 
roast ham. 

7. Nuts and fruit will not sink to 
the bottom of a cake if they are 
floured and heated. 

8. A kettle in which rice is to be 
cooked should be greased and will be 
much more easily washed. 

About the House 

1. To remove colored printing from 
sugar and feed sacks, soak in kero- 
sene or lye water. 

2. Avoid setting stains with soap — 
use boiling water on fruit stains, tea 
and coffee stains. 

3. To adjust curtain tie backs, pull 
the shade down and use the bottom of 
the shade as a guide. 

4. Substitute a piece of adhesive 
tape for the litle cork that pushes up 
in salt and pepper shakers. 

5. Have two jars for pieces of soap 
— place left-over laundry soap in one 
jar and pieces of toilet soap for sham- 
poos, washing lingerie, etc. in the 
other. 

6. To paint a stairway that is used 
frequently paint every other step and 
a few days later paint the remaining 
steps. 



PARAFFIN 

"I use a pastry brush to apply the 
paraffin around the tops of my fruit 
jars. It can be done more quickly and 



CONVENIENT 

Placing the family's ration cards 
into a folding photograph mount with 
a rubber band keeps them neat, clean 
and easy to get at when carried in 
the purse. 

COLLARS 

"A lovely square collar can be made 
by taking a man's linen handkerchief, 
cutting it out in the middle to fit the 
neck of the dress, and crocheting a 
narrow edge in color to match the 
dress." 



Our Fashion and Pattern Department 

All patterns IBc. each In atampc or coin (coin preferred). 




3500— A two-plecer that will be your most 
practical outfit this summer. Sizes 
14 to 48. Size 36, 3^ yds. 35-1d. 
fabric. 

3543 — A sunback that will delight a 
youngster — so good for the beach 
and frolicking. Sizes 4 to 10. Size 
8, playsuit, IH yds. 35-in. fabric; 
bolero, % yd. ; panties, H yd. 

2664— Pretty feminine frock with a Van 
Dyke collar edged in lace to make 
you look your very best. Sizes 12 
to 20. Size 16, 4'^ yds. 35-In 
fabric with 1% yds. lace. 

2738^Small boys can never have too many 
overalls and this is en especially 
easy pattern to follow. Sizes 2, 4, 
6 and 8. Size 4, overalls, l}i yds. 
35-in. fabric ; shirt, 1 yd. 

2739— Sunbonnet and sunback make a cute 
combination for summer for & tiny 



girl. Sizes 1. 2, 3 and 4. Size 2, 
for dress and hat, 1% yds. 35-ln. 
fabric with 3% yds. binding and H 
yd. crinoline. Applique Included. 

2729 — Playsuit and skirt takes care of your 
wants for the summer. Make it in 
e gay print or nice sharkskin. 
Sizes 10 to 40. Size 16, for play- 
suit, 2% yds. 35-ln. fabric ; skirt, 
2V'8 yds. 35-ln. fabric. 

2742— Cool comfort for sunny weather and 
if you are afraid of sunburn, slip on 
the bolero. Sizes 10 to 20. Size 
16, for dress and bolero, 3^ yds. 
35-in. fabric. 

2602 — What could be nicer for spring and 
sununer wear than this three piece 
outfit, and you can mix and match 
them as you please. Sizes 12 to 48. 
Size 36, for bolero and skirt, 3% 
yds. 39-in. fabric; blouse, 1J4 yds. 
39-ln. fabric. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 
427 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



M 



l| 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1943 



June, 



1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



OUR JUVENILE GRANGES 

MRS. LUCY SHUMWAY, Wyalusing 



"There is all of beauty in these few 
thing's : 
A new-born child, and a new-born 
moon; 
A tree abud in the flush of spring; 

A ship at sea, and a bride in June ; 
Ivy and bittersweet in the fall — 
But the bride is the loveliest of all." 



We can't tell you just exactly where 
the name for this lovely month of 
June originated, for there are many 
theories concerning it. Some say it 
was named in honor of the goddess 
Juno, and it is because Juno was 
regarded by the ancient Romans as 
the protective genius of women that 
this has become the favorite month 
for marriages. 

Another belief is that the name 
came from the Latin word "Juniores," 
the name by which the lower branch 
of the Roman legislature was known. 
Since that word means Junior or 
juvenile it seems an appropriate 
name for the month, for it is the 
month most loved by children. 

We also like the old Saxon name 
for this month. They called it "Lida- 
Oerra," meaning joy time. 



buying and the scrap collection? Give 
us some idea of how much scrap you 
collected. Tell us some of the things 
that your members did under point 
three to help in the war effort. Was 
there an indication that the pledge 
really meant something to the chil- 
dren who took it? The final awards 
will be made at the State Grange 
session from the facts contained in 
these letters. 

If you have other questions send 
them along. And will you start work- 
ing right away? The year will be 
over before we know it. 



PICTURES WANTED 

Will you keep in mind the fact that 
we want pictures for our page. I 
hoped to have one every month this 
year. To date I have received none. 
This is your page, you can help to 
make it interesting and helpful if you 
will. 



THE COUNTRY BOY'S CREED 

By Edwin Osgood Grover 

"I believe that the country which 
God made is more beautiful than the 
city which man made; that life out- 
of-doors and in touch with the earth 
is the natural life of man. I believe 
that work is work wherever we find 
it, but that work with Nature is more 
inspiring than work with the most 
intricate machinery. I believe that 
the dignity of labor depends not on 
what you do, but on how you do it; 
that opportunity comes to a boy on 
the farm as often as to a boy in the 
city; that life is larger and freer 
and happier on the farm than in 
town; that my success depends not 
on my location but on myself, not on 
my dreams but on what I actually 
do, not on luck but on pluck. I 
believe in working when you work 
and playing when you play, and in 
giving and demanding a square deal 
in every act of life." 



HAVE YOU JOINED THE JINS? 

We are pleased with the response 
to the idea of the JINS. Even before 
my copy of the Grange News reached 
me I began receiving inquiries con- 
cerning it. T/e also had a letter from 
our National Superintendent, Mrs. 
Caldwell, saying that she would like 
to present the idea to Juvenile leaders 
for use throughout the nation. This 
may result in some sort of award or 
certificate that will go out to each 
Juvenile Grange which qualifies. It 
also seems that the interest and en- 
thusiasm being shown in this state 
may mean that we will have to do 
something more in the way of awards 
than was first suggested. 

One of the questions that has come 
to me is this: Is this tied up with 
the awards that the United States 
Treasury Department at Washington 
is makng for having ninety per cent 
or more of the members of an organi- 
zation buying war bonds and stamps 
through a systematic purchase plan? 
The answer is "No." We are going 
to try to find out whether Juveniles 
are eligible to receive these Treasury 
awards. Probably not many of them 
would be able to qualify because of 
the systematic purchase plan clause. 
We will let you know about it next 
month. 

The criticism has been made that 
if the United States government gives 
an award for ninety per cent of our 
membership purchasing bonds, why 
isn't that good enough for the JINS ? 
Perhaps that is a good criticism, but 
I think we will still stick to one hun- 
dred per cent. You boys and girls 
are good. I think you can do it. 

In regard to some other questions 
that have been asked: as soon as 
your Juvenile has qualified — that is 
as soon as your Matron is sure every 
member has met the requirements 
under all four points — you are to re- 
port to your State Superintendent. 
Then at the end of the year, some- 
time in November to be exact, I want 
your Matron to write me a letter tell- 
ing me how you carried on as JINS. 
How much did you put in stamps 
and bonds? Did all your members 
keep working all the year on the bond 



A GOOD CITIZENSHIP 
PROGRAM FOR 

JULY AND AUGUST 

There seems to be a sort of un- 
written law in many Juveniles of the 
state that July and August be re- 
garded as Good Citizenship Months. 
It seems logical and fitting that this 
should become a state-wide custom. 
During May and June we celebrate 
Constitution Day, Memorial Day, 
Flag Day, I Am An American Day, 
all leading up to Independance Day. 
If we have truly kept these festivals 
we will have kindled anew in our 
hearts a love for our country and the 
American way of life, and we will 
naturally want to do something to 
help preserve it. It is also the time 
when boys and girls are out of school 
and have perhaps more time in which 
to carry on community projects. 

This year when we are more con- 
scious than ever before of our country 
and the privilege that has been ours 
in being born in this free land, we 
will certainly want to observe our 
Good Citizenship months. 

This would certainly be an excel- 
lent time to go all out for the JINS 
program. You might make a real 
study of the JINS' pledge. On each 
of your four programs you could have 
a little discussion on one of the points 
in the pledge. 

Decide which you consider the best 
four of the popular patriotic songs of 
the day, and learn one of them at each 
meeting. 

If you have access to Lowell 
Thomas' book "Stand Fast for Free- 
dom" have someone tell at each meet- 
ing one story from that book. These 
stories of the fight for liberty, for 
human freedom, which has been go- 
ing on since the beginning of time, 
is told in a very interesting way in 
this book, which was written espe- 
cially for children and young people. 
You will enjoy it. 

As a part of your program you 
might like to study the Country Boy's 
Creed and the Country Girl's Creed. 
As one of your projects you could get 
someone to type copies enough so that 
each member could have one to tack 
up in his or her own room. 

A good reading for one of these 
programs is the poem "Equipment" by 
Edgar A. Guest. 



A COUNTRY GIRL'S CREED 

By Jessie Field 

"I am glad I live in the country. 
I love its beauty and its spirit, I 
rejoice in the things I can do as a 
country girl for my home and neigh- 
borhood. I believe I can share in the 
beauty around me — in the fragrance 
of the orchards in spring, in the 
weight of the ripe wheat at harvest, 
in the morning song of birds, and in 
the glow of the sunset on the far 
horizon. I want to express this beauty 
in my own life as naturally and 
happily as the wild rose blooms by the 
wayside. 

"I believe I can have a part in the 
courageous spirit of the country. This 
spirit has entered into the brook in 
our pasture. The stones placed in its 
way call forth its strength and add 
to its strength a song. It swells in 
the tender plants as they burst the 
seed cases that imprison them and 
push through the dark earth to the 
light. It sounds in the nesting note 
of the meadow lark. With this cour- 
ageous spirit I too can face the hard 
things of life with gladness. 

"I believe there is much I can do 
in my country home. Through study- 
ing the best way to do everyday work 
I can find joy in common tasks well 
done; through loving comradeship I 
can help bring into my home the hap- 
piness and peace that are always so 
near to us in God's out-of-door world. 
Thus I can help make real to all who 
pass that way their highest ideal of 
country life. 

"I believe my love and loyalty to 
my country home should reach out in 
service to that larger home that we 
call our neighborhood. I would join 
with people who live there in true 
friendliness. I would whole-heartedly 
give my best to further all that is 
being done for a better community. 
I would have all that I think and say 
and do help to unite country people 
near and far in the great kingdom of 
Love for Neighbors." 



And similar knives and forks they 

use. 
With similar laces they tie their shoes, 
The world considers them brave and 

smart, 
But you've all they had when they 

made their start. 

You can triumph and come to skill, 
You can be great if you only will. 
You've well equipped for what fight 

you choose. 
You have legs and arms and a brain 

to use, 
And the man who has risen great 

deeds to do 
Began his life with no more than you. 

You are the handicap you must face; 
You are the one who must choose 

your place; 
You must say where you want to go, 
How much you will study the truth 

to know. 
God has equipped you for life, but He 
Lets you decide what you want to be. 

Courage must come from the soul 

within. 
The man must furnish the will to win, 
So figure it out for yourself, my lad; 
You were born with all that the great 

have had. 
With your equipment they all began. 
Get hold of yourself and say, "I can." 



I am looking forward to seeing 
many Juvenile Matrons at the Con- 
ference for Grange Leaders which will 
be held at State College on June 16, 
17 and 18. A complete program ap- 
pears on the Lecturer's Page. 



1771 



JUNE IN PENN'A HISTORY 

(Compiled hy Penn'a Dept. of 
Commerce) 

Moravians dedicated the first 
church west of the Alleghenies 
at Friedenstadt in present-day 
Beaver County. 

Conrad W^eiser and his family 
arrived in America. Several 
years later he settled near 
Womelsdorf, Pennsylvania. 
Conrad Weiser Park stands to- 
day as a shrine to the man who 
played an important role in the 
understanding between the In- 
dians and the settlers. 



1710 



1777 



1753 



The United States Flag was 
adopted by an Act of Congress 
on June 14. 

The Liberty Bell was hung in 
the Old State House in Phila- 
delphia and remained there 
until 1835 when it cracked 
while tolling the news of the 
death of John Marshall, Chief 
Justice of the United States. 



NOT SO HARD 



EQUIPMENT 

Figure it out for yourself, my lad; 
You've all that the greatest of men 

have had — • 
Two arms, two hands, two legs, two 

eyes. 
And a brain to use, if you would be 

wise. 
With this equipment they all began. 
So start for the top and say, "I can." 

Look them over, the wise and great; 
They take their food from a common 
plate, 



A group of business men were dis- 
cussing a certain tightfisted banker. 
Every man present had suffered some 
unpleasant experience at the hands of 
this banker, and all save one offered 
fervent, if not profane, testimony 
concerning his unremitting toughness 
and hard-heartedness. 

"Haven't you something to say 
against that scamp?" the silent mem- 
ber was asked. 

"No," was the reply, "I don't think 
he's so tough." 

"He turned you down on a loan, 
didn't he?" 

"Yes," replied the quiet one, "but 
he hesitated before he refused." 



"It ain't the individual 

Nor the army as a whole, 
But the everlasting teamwork 
Of every bloomin' soul." 




AMONG THE GRANGES 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



TALK ON GARDENING TO 
MONTOUR VALLEY GRANGE 

An open meetng held by Montour 
Valley Grange at Imperial on April 
29 was very well attended with eighty- 
seven members and guests present. 

The program included an address 
of welcome by the Master, W. H. Mc- 
Nees; a prayer by Rev. C. E. David- 
son; play, "The Happy Woman" by 
Mrs. John Beitsinger, Mrs. R. W. 
Wright, Mrs. Charles Aten and 
Jennie Aten; and a reading by Mrs. 
Martin Clever. 

A talk was given by Henry Eby, 
Allegheny County Agent, on "Vege- 
table Gardening" which was illus- 
trated with technicolored slides. 
Prizes were awarded and lunch was 
served by the social committee. 



CENTRE COUNTY FAIR 

PLANS UNDER WAY 

Centre County Pomona Grange No. 
13 met May 15 with a very good at- 
tendance. The regular form of busi- 
ness was transacted. The various de- 
partments of Centre County Grange 
Fair Association reported favorably 
on Grange Fair for 1943. L. E. Biddle, 
State Deputy, commented on the 
splendid work that is being done dur- 
ing this war crisis by the various 
Subordinates in gaining membership. 

The afternoon session under direc- 
tion of the Worthy Lecturer consisted 
of readings and songs, pageant com- 
memorating Memorial Day, and 
honoring of seventeen deceased mem- 
bers of the county. The speakers for 
the afternoon were County Agent 
R. C. Blaney and Mr. Deihl of the 
State College Staff, who spoke on gar- 
den plants and insects and their con- 
trol. 

A chicken supper was served by 
East Penn's Valley Grange No. 2000, 
who acted as host. At the evening 
meeting the Fifth Degree was very 
ably conferred upon fifteen candi- 
dates, all members of East Penn's 
Valley Grange. 

It was decided to cancel all Booster 
Night meetings during 1943 because 
of gas and tire rationing. 



son Grange, who lost his life in the 
North Atlantic area. 

A reading was given by Sister 
Johnson, Mehoopany Grange. Then 
flowers were presented to nineteen 
Patrons who are twenty-five year 
members. Each responded with 
"What the Grange Has Meant to 
Me." 

The guest speaker was Oscar 
Drumm, Steward of the Pennsylvania 
State Grange, who spoke on the sig- 
nificance of the different stations and 
the unwritten work of the Order. 

At the evening session the Necrol- 
ogy Committee reported on the death 
of three Pomona members. A sug- 
gestion by Sister Carter that Pomona 
Grange render some financial aid to 
Meshoppen Grange for their loss by 
fire resulted in a motion to purchase 
a Bible for them. This motion was 
withdrawn and a new motion pre- 
sented to give this Grange $50.00. 
This was unanmously carried. 

After music by Mehoopany Grang- 
ers the Fifth Degree was conferred 
upon nine candidates by the Wyom- 
ing County Pomona Degree team. It 
was very creditably done. 

A play "Home Sweet Home" was 
presented by Forkston Grangers, and 
the Grange closed with regular cere- 
monies and singing of "Be Faithful, 
O Patron !" 



Ham Long of Howard, followed by in- 
spiring talks by the State and County 
Grange officials. 

State Master Bagshaw compli- 
mented the members and officers of 
Howard Grange on the fine spirit of 
cooperation existing in this Grange 
the past year, during which time 85 
new members were admitted, and in 
having 67 children enrolled in the 
Juvenile Grange, making a total com- 
bined membership of 237, and of the 
excellent financial standing of the 
Order. 

One hundred and thirty-six were 
present and after an evening of enter- 
taiment and fellowship, all departed 
for their homes with the remarks that 
this meeting was one that will long 
be remembered by those whose good 
fortune it was to be present. 



STEWARD DRUMM SPEAKS 
BEFORE WYOMING POMONA 

Wyoming County Pomona Grange 
No. 19 met in regular session at 
Lovelton as guests of Lovelton Grange 
No. 1250 for all day and evening 
sessions with Worthy Master John 
Mover presiding. After regular open- 
ing ceremonies and routine business, 
the following program was presented: 

Greetings were extended to Pomona 
by Walter Burgess, Master of Lovel- 
ton Grange, who extended most cor- 
dial greetings and welcome to Po- 
mona, and the response was given by 
Norman Fassett, Master of Forkston 
Cirrange. Committees were then ap- 
pointed. 

The Pomona was invited to meet 
with West Nicholson Grange on 
August 4, 1943. Amber Shibley, the 
Treasurer, re])orted purchasing for 
r*oniona a $375 War Bond. 

After recessing for dinner, the 
afternoon program opened with group 
singing of "Tenting on the Old Camp 
Ground"; Devotions by the Chaplain, 
Klla Ferris; reading, "Freedom of 
vVorship," by Agnes Collins. 

At the suggestion of Otto Harvey, 
the Grange paused to pay a silent 
tribute to Albert Jones, West Nichol- 



TIMELY DEFINITIONS 

Modern Home : A place 
where a switch regulates every- 
thing — but the children. 

Free Advice: The kind that 
costs nothing unless you act 
upon it. 

Fresh Paint : A sign that no- 
body will believe without mak- 
ing a personal investigation. 

Mouth: the grocer's best 
friend, the orator's pride, the 
fool's trap, and the dentist's 
salvation. 

Pacifist: A man who could 
attend a peace conference with- 
out getting into a fight. 

Father's Day : The day to re- 
member "the forgotten man." 

Executive: A man who can 
hand back a letter for the third 
retyping to a redheaded secre- 
tary. 

Respectability : Crop-control 
compensation you receive for re- 
fraining from sowing wild oats. 



MERCER POMONA HAS 

QUARTERLY MEETING 

The quarterly meeting of Mercer 
County Pomona Grange was held at 
the London Grange hall, with Worthy 
Master A. C. Snyder in charge. The 
morning session was devoted to the 
regular business routine. Edward 
Conner of London gave the welcome, 
to which Glenn Wimer of Pleasant 
Valley responded. 

A short program under the leader- 
ship of the lecturer, Isabel McCoy, 
featured a reading, "Madonna Lilies," 
by Harriet Huemmerick of London, 
and vocal solo, "Summertime" and 
"Trees" by Donald McClelland of 
Pleasant Valley. 

The anual memorial service, under 
the direction of Chaplain J. P. Johns- 
ton, was opened with group singing 
and prayer, after which flowers were 
placed on the altar by representatives 
of the nine Grangers whose deaths 
had occurred during the year. A 
vocal duet was presented by Mr. and 
Mrs. William -Miller of Mt. Pleasant. 
Dr. H. B. Henderson, Grove City, 
gave a splendid address on "Our 
Honored Dead." 

The next meeting will be held Aug. 
7 at the Sandy Lake Grange hall. 



WHO? 



(The following poem was written 
and given in Millbrook Grange No. 
1001, Mercer County, by Charles 
Little, a charter member of the 
Grange, which was organized in 1914.) 

Who are the stalwart men of earth 
Who do not bow their heads to 

chains? 
Who are they but the men on farms. 

The humble and the meek, 
Who by their might subdue the earth 

And raise the things you eat? 



STATE MASTER BAGSHAW 

VISITS HOWARD GRANGE 

AVhat was considered one of the 
finest meetings ever held in Howard 
Grange convened Saturday evening, 
April 10, at 7: 30 p. m. in their rooms 
in the L O. O. F. Hall in Howard. 

The Grange had the honor of hav- 
ing as its guests for the evening Hon. 
Kenzie S. Bagshaw, Master of Penn- 
sylvania State Grange; Victor A. 
Auman, Centre County Pomona 
Master; L. E. Biddle, State Deputy; 
Mrs. L. E. Biddle, County Juvenile 
Matron; Howard M. Miles. Secretary 
Centre County Mutual Fire Insur- 
ance Co.; and Edward R. Miller, 
Sheriff of Centre County. 

After a sumptuous chicken supper 
had been served by the ladies of the 
Grange, the meeting was called to 
order by Blair M. Pletcher, Master of 
the Howard Grange. The address of 
welcome was delivered by Rev. Wil- 



Who are they but the men on farms, 
Whose toil starts with the dawn. 
Whose chickens, swine and cows con- 
sume 
The barley, oats and corn ? 
Who fight their battles, bear their 
scars, 

Who drag no others down 
From name or fame of history 

Or pomp of old renown? 
Who claim no great heredity, 
Who scorn the Lewis red. 
Who take not from the union slave 

The glory that they claim. 
Who will win as once their father's 
won. 

Who feared God's holy name. 



Your committee is concerned with 
both. 

It is estimated that the total of in- 
dividual income for 1943 will be ap- 
proximately 140 billion dollars. Pos- 
sibly 16 billion of this will go for 
taxes, leaving 124 billions of spending 
power. At present values, the avail- 
able consumers goods will amount to 
approximately 82 billion dollars. This 
leaves an inflationary gap of approxi- 
mately 42 billions. We do not know 
how much of this will go into savings, 
but there will undoubtedly be from 
15 to 25 billions seeking consumer 
goods to buy. 

By no system of price ceilings can 
this pressure be held in check. Never 
have price ceilings prevented infla- 
tion over any extended period in the 
history of the world. Price ceilings 
cannot control most war dislocation 
costs, and as costs rise and bump into- 
ceilings, production is strangled and 
the inflationary pressure thereby in- 
creased. 

The only way inflation has ever 
been cured is to bring supply and de- 
mand into balance. Where countries 
have been too weak to face the 
realities and have tried a lot of 
schemes to treat the symptoms in- 
stead of the disease, economic law 
has eventually stepped in and solved 
the problem by reducing the pur- 
chasing power of money until there 
was little spending power left, and 
the supply then caught up with de- 
mand. That is inflation. It can be 
prevented by three or four construc- 
tive steps. 

First, encourage the production of 
needed goods. There never was infla- 
tion where there was an abundant 
supply. If everything possible has 
been done to increase the supply to 
meet the demand, and a shortage still 
exists, the next step is to reduce the 
demand to fit the supply. This can 
be done in three ways: 

1. By rationing, so that all may 
share justly in the limited 
supply. Rationing can be carried 
to a point where the supply ex- 
ceeds the limited demand, and 
the surplus supply will hold 
down the price. 

2. By syphoning off the surplus 
income thru wise but drastic 
taxation. 

3. By forced savings. 

These remedies will work, but they 
will not be popular. They have their 
political drawbacks. It is much more 
popular to go to the treasury and dole 
out the money, conveniently closing 
our eyes to the danger signs along 
the way. 

It lies within the power of Congress 
to say this shall not be. We urge 
adequate safeguards in every appro- 
priation measure prohibiting the use 
of any money or the Nation's credit in 
carrying out so dangerous a course. 



FARM CREDIT 

(Concluded from page 9.) 

There are two primary causes of 
inflation. The first is the pressure of 
surplus income on an inadequate 
supply of goods, and the second is 
the breakdown of faith in the govern- 
ment's ability to meet its obligations. | an extensive program of eradication^ 



AIRPLANES IN GYPSY 

MOTH BATTLE 

Battles from the air are not con- 
fined to the war front but are to be 
employed on the home front as well 
in the fight against insects. Thia 
method will be employed this year in 
the program for the eradication of the 
gypsy moth in Pennsylvania, 

The known area of infestation of 
the moth in Pennsylvania is in the 
vicinity of Wilkes-Barre where it waa 
first found in this state and, through 
control measures, has been confined 
to that section. Since the discovery 
of the infestation in 1932 the Penn- 
sylvania Department of Agriculture 
in cooperation with the IT. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, has carried on 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1943 



Pennsylvania Farm Notes 



MAKE EVERY GALLON OF 

TRACTOR FUEL COUNT 

R. J. McCall 

More acres for fuel used in tractors 
are assured by carrying the radiator 
temperature between 165 and 185 de- 
grees, depending on whether gasoline 
or fuel oil is used; by frequent check- 
ing of spark plug gap; by adjusting 
the carburetor to the character of the 
load — too lean a mixture is as waste- 
ful of power as one that is too rich. 

Another fuel-saving measure is to 
give the tractor a full load either by 
multiple unit implements or by com- 
bining operations as much as possible ; 
for example, disk and smoothing har- 
row. Do not waste power pulling 
plows that are out of adjustment or 
dulled cultivating and harrowing 
equipment. 

KEEP CHICKS GROWING 

TO GET BEST RESULTS 

F. H. Leuschner 

"Keep them growing" is the sug- 
gestion to all poultrymen whether 
producing meat stock or pullets for 
future egg production. 

Chicks double their weight three 
times during the first six weeks in the 
brooder house. After that, the growth 
is less rapid. Some strains and breeds 
grow more rapidly than others. 
Breeding also influences the rate of 
feathering and time of maturity of 
growth and egg production. Good 
nutrition, represented principally 
through ample proteins, minerals, and 
vitamins in the ration fed, influences 
and contributes to normal growth. 

Aside from these, however, are the 
effect of floor space, ventilation, 
brooder and house temperatures, lit- 
ter management, size and amount of 
feeding equipment and roosts. As 
chicks increase in size, fleshing and 
feather growth, their requirements 
change. They need more floor space 
as well as feeder and watering space, 
or there will be crowding, feed wast- 
age, and wet litter. 

Stirring of the litter daily helps to 
keep it drier. Roosts on wire-covered 
platforms at three to four weeks will 
prevent crowding in corners and con- 
serve litter. Cooler brooder tempera- 
ture promotes feathering and com- 
fort, for as they grow older the chicks 
need less heat. Ventilation helps keep 
down house temperature in hot 
weather and when the sunshine strikes 
the windows in the middle of the day. 

All factors properly adjusted to 
meet changing requirements of the 
growing chick, work together to help 
promote good growing conditions. 
Their proper application depends on 
the individual caretaker. It is up 
to him to "keep them growing." 



fore, that if the operator confines his 
work to peeling "while the sun 
shines" he will be able to double his 
production of pulpwood during any 
one year. 

Skillful pulpwood cutters follow 
this procedure: 

1. Fell and limb the tree, leaving 
the top on until all accessible bark is 
stripped off the trunk. 

2. Cut off the top, turn the stick 
with cant-hook and remove under 
limbs and bark. 

3. Leave trunk lay to season until 
fall. Trees are felled so that tops are 
bunched as much as possible and 
trunks criss-crossed over one another. 
This arrangement keeps them off the 
ground, makes them easier to limb 
and peel, and they will dry quickly. 
Bunched tops facilitate removing the 
wood. 

Leave the trees under 8 inches 
breast high to grow. They are time- 
wasters in making pulpwood. 

Pulpwood is needed in large quanti- 
ties this year. Woodland owners 
should plan to get out a few cords in 
spare time. 



MANAGE PASTURES TO 

UTILIZE FEED BEST 

J. B. R. Dickey 

Division of the pasture into several 
areas permits better utilization of the 
grass during the flush season of May 
and June. Stock can be placed on 
the area where the grass is most ad- 
vanced first, kept there until it is uni- 
formly grazed, and then moved on to 
the next area. After the first time 
around, it may not pay to rotate the 
cattle on pasture, although moving 
sheep at proper intervals helps to con- 
trol parasites. 

With Ladino clover pastures, it is 
essential to follow one of two plans: 
either (1) the pasture must be di- 
vided into at least three parts so that 
an area can be grazed for about a 
week and then given about two weeks 
to rest and recover, or (2) the entire 
area must be pastured lightly, for 
two hours once or twice a day with 
the stock spending the rest of their 
time on the permanent pasture or in 
a resting lot. Close, continuous graz- 
ing will kill Ladino clover in a short 
time and it is too valuable to take 
chances with it. 



and milking helps to get more milk. 
Another point to remember is that 
the cows should be handled in such a 
manner that they want to be milked. 
This means gentleness, kindness, and 
thoughtfulness. 

GROW LEGUMES TO GRIND 

FOR FEEDING TO SWINE 

L. C. Madison 

Because of the serious shortage of 
protein feeds, it is advisable for the 
farmer to plan his winter feed supply 
and produce as much of his own pro- 
tein as possible. 

Recent experiments show that very 
satisfactory gains can be made with 
as high as 5 to 10 per cent of ground 
leguminous hay in the grain mixture 
of hogs. This amount can be used 
for growing pigs and for sows during 
the nursing period. 

As high as 15 to 20 per cent of 
ground legume hay can be used to 
advantage in the grain mixture for 
brood sows during the gestation 
period. 

Basing his action on this informa- 
tion the wise farmer will save some 
of his best alfalfa from the first cut- 
ting or some of his best clover or soy- 
bean hay which can be ground and 
included in the grain mixture for his 
hogs. 

NEED STRONG COLONIES 

FOR HONEY PRODUCTION 

J. M. Amos 

The best colonies of bees seen this 
spring are those having an automatic 
feeder. A full depth super two-thirds 
full of sealed honey in the fall or a 
shallow extracting super full of honey 
is a feeder that is automatic and re- 
quires no attention until the first 
examination of the brood chamber in 
the spring. This examination is made 
just previous to fruit bloom time. 
Powerful colonies result from the 
food chamber practice. 

Most of the colonies in Pennsyl- 
vania have required continuous feed- 
ing this spring prior to the first honey 
flow. All colonies should have the 
equivalent of two frames of honey in 
reserve at all times until the honey 
flow begins and plenty of pollen 
available. 



MAKE PULPWOOD BEST 

WHEN THE BARK SLIPS 

F. T. MURPHEY 

"Make hay while the sun shines" is 
an old saying that is a good slogan 
for the pulpwood producer. The "sun 
shines" in this case when the bark 
slips, which may be for only a period 
of 8 to 12 weeks in May, June, and 
July. 

Felling, limbing and peeling of 
pulpwood trees requires only half the 
time involved in completely prepar- 
ing the wood for transportation to the 
pulp mill. The skidding and cutting 
to length can be done just as well 
after the bark peeling season is over 
when the wood is seasoned and lighter 
to handle. It stands to reason, there- 



GRASS SILAGE 

CONSERVES FEED 



GENTLENESS WITH DAIRY 

COWS BRINGS DIVIDENDS 

R. H. Olmstead 

Cows are creatures of habit and re- 
spond to proper treatment. 

More milk is needed, and abuse and 
mistreatment of dairy cows keeps 
milk out of the pail. The let-down 
of milk and the completeness of milk- 
ing is controlled by the small pitu- 
itary gland back of the brain. The 
activity of this gland is controlled to 
some extent by the nervous system. 
To obtain the best results, a cow must 
not be excited, suspicious, afraid, or 
angry. 

Developing of confidence and a re- 
sponse to kindness should start with 
the young calf and be followed 
through the entire life of the animal. 
Patience in teaching a calf to drink, 
training to lead, handling heifers 
with kindness both in the barn and 
in the pasture, placing them in 
stanchions and brushing for a few 
weeks before freshening all are steps 
that develop a quietness which is 
beneficial at freshening time. 

In addition to good feeding and 
management, regularity in feeding 



The Department of Agriculture has 
called attention to the "wilting" 
method of making grass silage — a 
method which does not require the 
addition of molasses or acid preserva- 
tives. Molasses is expensive and hard 
to get and the usual acids are not 
available, because of the war. 

This year there is need to conserve 
as much good roughage feed as 
possible, particularly the high-protein 
legumes. Good silage often can be 
made from the grass and legume hay 
crops when weather and other con- 
ditions interfere with making good 
hay. 

Dairymen at the Department's 
Beltsville (Md.) Research Center 
have been making grass silage suc- 
cessfully for several years by using 
the so-called wilting method developed 
by T. E. Woodward of the Bureau of 
Dairy Industry. 

The wilting method merely calls for 
leaving the crop in the swath for a 
few hours — usually about two hours 
on a good drying day — until the 
moisture content is less than 68 per 
cent. At that moisture content there 
will be no leakage of juice from the 
silo. Leakage should be avoided to 



get best results. Any crop can then 
be safely ensiled without adding 
molasses or other preservatives. 

The chopper material as it goes 
into the silo should have no more 
than 68 per cent moisture and prefer- 
ably no less than 58 per cent. Farm- 
ers can make a simple moisture tester 
from materials at hand on the farm, 
by following directions than can be 
obtained from the Bureau of Dairy 
Industry, Washington, D. C. 

Regardless of the moisture content, 
kind of crop, or whether preservatives 
are used or not, the air must be 
pressed out of the silage and kept out. 
Air premits molds to grow, and com- 
plete exclusion of the air is the most 
important factor in preventing spoil- 
age in any kind of silage. Chopping 
in i/i-inch lengths makes grass silage 
pack closer and the air is forced out 
more readily. 

Some crops require neither wilting 
nor the use of preservatives. Most 
farmers know that corn and sorghums 
are such crops. Other crops that may 
be ensiled without wilting them or 
adding preservatives are Sudan grass, 
Johnson grass, millet, the small grain 
crops, and also the true grasses that 
are commonly used for pasture or hay. 
Straight legume crops, however, 
must be below the juice-leaking point 
(68 per cent) or they will develop into 
bad smelling silages — unless preserva- 
tives are added. Bad smelling silages 
are disagreeable to handle and are 
likely to taint the milk. 

If legume crops are harvested at 
the usual hay-making stage of ma- 
turity and during a dry spell the 
moisture content is likely to be low 
enough so that no wilting will be 
required. Nor will it be necessary to 
wilt mixtures of legumes and grasses, 
unless the legumes make up more 
than half of the mixture and the 
grasses are more immature than the 
usual hay-making stage. 

All these crops and mixtures will 
be improved in palatability, however, 
if they are wilted to less than 68 per 
cent moisture. This was indicated by 
feeding comparisons at Beltsville, in 
which dairy cows always consumed 
more of the low-moisture silages than 
they did of the same kind that had a 
higher moisture content. Even when 
silages contained molasses or other 
preservatives the cows preferred the 
drier silage. 

With a little experience, farmers 
will learn how to wilt the crop suf- 
ficiently so that filling operations 
need not be delayed. A common pro- 
cedure is to mow as much of the crop 
in the early morning as can be put 
in the silo before noon, then in the 
afternoon to mow as much as can 
be stored by evening. 

If poor drying weather interferes 
too much, some dry hay or ground 
corn-and-cob meal can be run through 
the cutter with the wetter crop ma- 
terial. The drier materials will soak 
up the excess moisture in the silage 
and thus serve the same purpose as 
wilting. It is a good plan to cure 
some of the first-cut hay and leave 
it in cocks in the field, where it will 
be handy in ease it is needed to con- 
tinue filling in spite of the weather. 



June, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



Shut-ofF valves on sprayers should 
always be closed tight to prevent leak- 
age. Good quality shut-offs usuall.v 
pay for their extra cost by saving 
spray materials. 



A 4-inch paper collar about the 
stem of a garden plant will protect it 
from cutworms. The paper should 
extend about an inch below the sur- 
face of the soil. 



Wettest Year Since '90 



IN A recapitulation of last year's 
weather or meterological condi- 
tions, L. F. Conover, Meteorologist 
of the U. S. Weather Bureau at 
Harrisburg, cooperating with the State 
Department of Forests and waters, 
disclosed detailed data which showed 
storms caused more than $30,000,000 
damage in four of the twelve months. 

A total of 47.84 inches precipitation 
was 5.80 inches above normal and was 
the third highest in 55 years. The 
record, he said, was exceeded only in 
the years of 1889 and 1890. 

Mortality, due to weather causes, 
was high during 1942. 

Fifty-one persons drowned or were 
reported missing as the result of 
iloods alone. Accidents resulting 
from snow caused fourteen deaths and 
numerous injuries. Lightning killed 
eight people and caused many fires. 

Six persons died from exposure and 
three were killed in accidents during 
periods of fogs and poor visibility. 

"Numerous occurrences of excessive 
precipitation were recorded and 
streams reached flood or near-flood 
stage in nine out of the twelve 
months," Conover said. "All sections 
of the state were affected at one time 
or another." 

Major flood-producing storms oc- 
curred in May, July, August and De- 
cember to produce the thirty million 
dollar damage to property, Conover 
continued. 

"These storms overshadowed fre- 
quent periods of locally excessive pre- 
cipitation which resulted in flood 
damage and which, under ordinary 
circumstances, would have been note- 
worthy." 

The weather bureau meteorologist 
reported the storm of July 17-18 pro- 
duced what may be the heaviest 24- 
hour precipitation of record in Penn- 
sylvania. 

"After completion of additional 
study now in progress, this storm may 
prove to be one of the greatest magni- 
tude ever recorded in Eastern United 
States," he said. 

"Unofficial measurements in excess 
of 15 inches in 24 hours were reported 
in Potter, Cameron and McKean 
Counties. The maximum hourly rate 
in this storm, in all probability, ex- 
ceded the year's greatest official one- 
hour record of 3.95 inches measured 
at Phoenixville on June 12 of last 
year." 

Total snowfall, said the weather 
bureau chief, was 51.0 inches, or 9.2 
inches above the 55 year average, the 
heaviest since 1916 and the ninth 
highest total of record. 

March was the heaviest snow 
month, he reported, and the storm of 
March 28 and 29 produced the 
heavie^it falls of record for the month 
in the south-central counties. A num- 
hpr of stations in the Allegheny 
Mountain ridge recorded 100 inches 
for the year. 

Thunderstorms were frequent and 
damaging. Severe hail and wind 
storms of May and July destroyed 
^50,000 worth of property and crops. 
Heavy accumulation of glaze built up 
<^n exposed surfaces during storms in 
April and December. Trees were 
damaged and utility companies had 
considerable difficulty maintaining 
their services. 

The average temperature for the 
state, 50.5 degrees, was only 0.3 de- 
crees above normal. The month of 
April accumulated the greatest ex- 
cess while December accumulated the 
greatest deficiencies. A most unusual 
leature was the period of high tem- 
perature which occurred late in April 



and early in May. At numerous sta- 
tions in the central part of the State, 
the maximum temperature of May 1 
was the highest for the year and at 
several stations, new monthly maxima 
were established. A few stations re- 
ported their lowest minima for the 
year in December although January 
minima predominated. 

Production of crops average 8 per 
cent higher than in 1941. The heavy 
precipitation benefitted vegetation 
but caused some crop losses, due to 
delayed harvesting and spoilage. 



GRANGES HELP IN 

LUMBER SUPPLY 

One of the most noteworthy Grange 
responses to the emergency calls of 
the present time concerns local units 
through the Northeast, embracing the 
six New England states. New York 
and Pennsylvania, in endeavoring to 
meet the far-reaching need for 
lumber, particularly to use in making 
boxes and crates for shipping ammu- 
nition and army supplies. When the 
annual conference of Grange masters 
and other leaders from the New Eng- 
land area was held at Boston in Janu- 
ary, representatives of the AVar Pro- 
d u c t i o n Board came on from 
Washington to describe the desperate 
need for more lumber and to urge 
Grange cooperation. National Master 
Albert S. Goss was presiding at the 
conference, and after full discussion 
a unanimous vote was passed to back 
the undertaking to the limit. 

Similarly the Granges of the eight 
Northeastern states were circularized, 
the project was described and the 
Granges challenged to do their best. 
As a result many local sawmills in the 
area mentioned — some of them idle 
for years — have been fanned into new 
life, as the logs have rolled in and 
finished lumber products have gone 
out. Some noteworthy examples of 
how the project has been developed 
are most interesting, and one of these 
comes from Kingston, Massachusetts, 
where the local Grange, No. 323, took 
hold of the undertaking in real 
fashion. Here is what happened: 

Two old-time mill men, one of them 
a Kingston charter member, Robert 
Davison and James Dennet, jumped 
into action and purchased an old, un- 
used sawmill, situated in an early 
colonial settlement, where logs could 
go directly to the mill. These old- 
timers knew how to get results with 
their keen knowledge of forestry and 
a thrill for out-of-door adventure. 
Almost overnight their mill was in 
readiness, and 12 local men, all over 
middle age, have been at work ever 
since keeping the mill humming, in- 
cluding Sundays and holidays, and 
with working hours that would make 
the average modern union man turn 
pale! 

A government contract to build 
150,000 crates for 75 mm. shells was 
quickly received, which proved only a 
beginning, as others have come in, and 
the mill is taxed to its utmost capac- 
ity. In less than two months' time 
15,000 crates have been delivered, and 
they are now being turned out at the 
rate of more than 1,000 per day. The 
logs are all cut in nearby woods, where 
there is pine and oak of many years 
growth, and choppers are selectively 
cutting the trees so as to leave the 
remaining ones properly spaced for 
growth and future use. Every foot 
of lumber is utilized, for the slogan 
of the mill is "Production Without 
Waste." What it means to turn out 
orates so fast can be realized by the 
fact that each nailer on the job has 



to hammer better than 4,000 nails 
every day. 

Most of the lumber has been used 
at the Hingham Defense plant, with 
some going to the Government Navy 
Yard for cedar posts, which take the 
place of iron. Even the smallest 
pieces are being utilized for shovel 
handles and other garden tools, and 
some of them for making ship-build- 
ing tools in one of the local factories. 
The faster the orders come, the 
happier these veteran workers are, 
and overtime hours are cheerfully put 
in. Kingston Grange is justly proud 
of their lumber war project and of the 
old sawmill, with its energetic opera- 
tors, who are determined to "Keep 
Sharp the Axes to Fight the Axis." 
— National Grange Monthly. 



BRUSHES 

I never discard the little brushes in 
the nail polish bottles when I am 
through with the polish. I clean the 
little brush off with a little turpentine 
and they are new and silky again and 
fine for the children's fine painting 
and they like the little knobs on the 
brush better than the long handles. 



in iWemonam 



LAW NOW DEFINES 

PROPER FLAG SALUTE 

One Salute Correct 

This law (Public Law 829) states: 

"Women should salute by placing 
the right hand over the heart." 

This of course, means, during the 
ceremony of raising or lowering the 
Flag, or when the Flag is passing in 
parade or in review or during the 
pledge of allegiance. 

The law also distinctly states: 

"The pledge shall be rendered by 
standing with the right hand over the 
heart. 

"When the Star-Spangled Banner 
is being played and the Flag is not 
displayed, all present should stand 
and face toward the music. 

"When the Flag is displayed, all 
present should face the Flag and 
salute." 

The author of the Pledge of Al- 
legiance was Francis Bellamy, who 
war born in Mount Morris, N. Y., in 
1855 and died in 1931. 



The potato ricer can be used to 
wring out hot cloths and save many 
burned fingers. 



STUDEBAKER 

Whereas, Our Heavenly Father has called 
from our midat Brother J. Bird Studebaker 
a member for many years of Worth Grange 
No. 1421, Butler County, a brother whom we 
shall always remember for his cheerfulness 
and ability to laugh and cause others to 
laugh despite life's difflculties and personal 
infirmities, be it 

Resolved, That we thus express our sense 
of loss and extend our sympathy to the 
family, drape our charter for thirty days, 
record these resolutions In our minutes, and 
publish them in the Grange News. 

Harriet Wimer, 
Fanny Cooper, 

Committee. 
AMENT 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst Brother 
William Ament, a past master and faithful 
member of Worth Washington Grange No. 
1826. we deeply regret the loss of our 
brother, but bow to the will of the Almighty 
and commit him to the care of Him who does 
all things for the best. 

Resolved, We drape our charter for thirty 
days, record these resolutions in our Grange 
minutes, send a copy to the family, and a 
copy be published In Grange Nb^ws. 

Florence Ralston, 
Maky Speer, 
Pearl Moorhead, 

Cominittee. 
SWOPE 

Whereas, It has been our Heavenly 
Father's will to call from her earthly labors 
to His realm above. Sister Grace Swope. 
Lecturer of Trough Creek Grange No. 444, a 
faithful worker and one we all greatly miss, 
be it. 

Resolved, That the removal of such a rich 
life from our midst leaves a vacancy deeply 
felt by family, Grange and friends and, be it 
further 

Resolved, That we extend our sincere 
sympathy to the bereaved family, drape our 
charter, record these resolutions In our 
minutes, send a copy to the family and to 
the Grange News. 

Annis Grissinger, 
Mae Edwards, 
Pearls Bolinger, 

Committee. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5.00 

Digest 60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3,00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy .40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 \ . AM 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 35 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3.25 

Constitution and By-Laws .20 

Degree Work, First 4 degrees by Dr. Rankin iso 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin 50 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony .15 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen .go 

per dozen ] . . g.oo 

per half dozen 3.00 

Dues Account Book .75 

Secretary 's Record Book go 

Labor Savings Minute Book 2.75 

Treasurer 's Account Book .60 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 75 

The Grange Initiate, in lots, of 25 .70 

The Grange Initiate, in lots' of 100 2.75 

Roll Book 75 

Application Blanks, per hundred .45 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred .50 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty .25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred .40 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred .40 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred ,30 

Treasurer 's Receipts 30 

Trade Cards, each .01 

Demit Cards, each .01 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) 15 

Grange Radiator Emblems .50 

Ohio State Grange Cook Books, each .75 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

Miles Hobst^ Scoretary. 



I 



AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY 
STATE COLLEGE PA 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



June, 1943 



Americans First Bank 

By Joseph T. Kingston, Pennsylvania Historical Commission 

(One of a series of special newspaper features prepared hy 
the Pennsylvania Historical Commission.) 



WAR is the most costly of all 
human institutions. From the 
dawn of history until the pres- 
ent day, the right of men to die in 
battle has been purchased at the cost 
of patriotic sacrifice far removed from 
actual death and suffering in the 
bloody fields" of war. Money and 
supplies must always stand behind the 
soldier; without them he is no 
stronger than his own two hands. 
The staggering problems connected 
with the financing of this, the war in 
our day, are merly spectacular ex- 
aggerations of those which confronted 
that first pitiful American Govern- 
ment. 

How these early patriots solved 
their problems is another Pennsyl- 
vani story — a story that had a happy, 
if somewhat prolonged ending. 

The setting is again Philadelphia, 
the chaotic, wartime Philadelphia of 
1780. Frontier and metropolis still 
rubbed shoulders in these narrow, 
cobbled streets; buckskin and lace, 
towcloth and velvet jostled in the city 
crowds, and the lathered horses of 
dispatch riders, in from distant battle- 
fields, panted in the dust clouds under 
the trees near Independence Hall. It 
was the 17th day of June. 

Before the door of the State House, 
a crier monotonously intoned the con- 
tents of a freshly-inked paper he held 
in his hands. A curious knot of 
people listened intently, while others 
passed with but a short halt or a quick 
glance at the proclaimer. "In order 
to support the credit of a bank to be 
established ... for the armies of the 
United States. . . . 

The voice droned on. And, with a 
minimum of ceremony, or even gen- 
eral public knowledge, the first bank- 
ing establishment in the United 
States of America was launched. 

Behind all this was a powerful and 
significant drama, compounded of a 
handful of men against a discourag- 
ing array of economic enemies. The 
war was drawing to a close, yet these 
men had no way of knowing that. 
Meanwhile, the exhausted and some- 
times rebellious armies of the infant 
nation had become an appalling liabil- 
ity to a desperate government. The 
original French specie was gone, and 
European credit was a minus quan- 
tity. There was virtually no money 
with which to carry on the expensive 
campaigns that gave tantilizing 
promise of final victory in the south. 
The new government, under the Ar- 
ticles of Confederation — which were 
not yet completely ratified — had no 
power of taxation. And the "man in 
the street" was becoming weary and 
even cynical. 

The crisis had long been building, 
and now in the spring of 1780 it came 
to a head. Robert Morris, Secretary 
of the Treasury, had proposed the 
establishment of a bank in Phila- 
delphia, with capital of $400,000, to 
supply the government with money. 
But Congress, jittery because of its 
as-yet-undetermined powers, declined 
to take immediate action. Morris 
then turned to his fellow Phila- 
delphians, and in a blunt appeal to 
their patriotism, proposed a general 
subscription to guarantee the credit 
of the armies. The plan for this 
subscription, or "hank," was prepared 
by a group of citizens, and it set forth 
the detailed operation of the institu- 



tion. Back of it all was the quiet and 
unobtrusive Jewish genius, the great 
patriot — Haym Salomon. 

Ninety-two original subscribers 
were obtained, none of whom pledged 
less than 1,000 pounds, Pennsylvania 
currency, payable in gold or silver. 
Morris and M'Clenachan headed the 
list with subscriptions of 10,000 
pounds each. 

This subscription list, published on 
June 17, 1780, was headed by a decla- 
ration of purpose, which read in part : 
"We, the subscribers, deeply impressed 
with the sentiments that on such an 
occasion should govern us, in the 
prosecution of a war, in the event of 
which, our own freedom and that of 
our posterity and the freedom and in- 
dependence of the United States are 
all involved, hereby severally pledge 
our property and credit ... in order 
> support the credit of a bank to bo 
established for furnishing a supply of 
provisions for the armies of the 
United States." 

Thus began direct financial sup- 
port of the government of this nation, 
by the voluntary action of its private 
citizens. It was a significant mile- 
stone in the march of democracy; 
quite possibly it was the turning 
point in our wavering national 
destiny — certainly it guaranteed the 
subsequent military victory at York- 
town. 

This "bank" functioned in an ofiice 
on Front Street, just around the 
corner from Walnut, Philadelphia. It 
continued in operation until the 
establishment of the Bank of North 
America, under regular and legal 
charter of the Congress of the United 
States, on December 31, 1781. 

Old Philadelphia and all Pennsyl- 
vania is justifiably proud of this short 
but vital chapter in her colorful Revo- 
lutionary history. Today, as once so 
long ago, Philadelphians and their 
fellow Pennsylvanians are again 
"subscribing" to a war effort — backing 
up the fighting men with fighting 
dollars in bonds and taxes, in order 
that victory may be soon and per- 
manent. 



Several changes in the wheat situa- 
tion explain the new interest in larger 
wheat supplies. For one thing, the 
estimated winter wheat crop — about 
two thirds of total production— is 27 
per cent under the 1942 production 
level, a mere 515,159,000 bushels. 
Again the uses of wheat have been 
expanding. There is already a short- 
age of corn for live-stock feed, and 
Congress has approved the diversion 
of 225,000,000 bushels of Government- 
held wheat to use as feed. AVar de- 
mands for industrial alcohol are draw- 
ing on wheat stocks, wheat being a 
good source of this basic war material. 

Even more interesting is the fact 
that human use of wheat is expanding 
greatly and still more expansion is ex- 
pected. Rationing of meats, scarcity 
of potatoes, etc., leads to greater use 
of bread and of macaroni and related 
products. Certain farm experts are 
suggesting the possibility that with 
widening food shortages, the Govern- 
ment will have to shift emphasis in 
its war-food programs for both domes- 
tic and international relief uses, from 
the so-called "luxury" foods, meats, 
dairy products, eggs, etc., to cereal 

foods. 

These experts point out that speak- 
ing roughly, seven pounds of grain 
are required to make a pound of meat, 
or of dairy or poultry products. A 
real food stringency would force the 
use in human diets of the seven 
pounds of grains direct, rather than 
in the concentrated form of animal 
products. Mr. Davis has already 
spoken of the need to economize in 
the use of wheat as live-stock feed. 

The situation can be summarized in 
the wheat "disappearance" figures. In 
1939, total disappearance of wheat in 
the continental United States was 



711,000,000 bushels. Government ex- 
perts feel that it may go to 1,200,000,- 
000 bushels this year. Yet production 
in 1943 may be only 800,000,000 
bushels. It is such figures on which 
Mr. Davis stands when he seeks more 
wheat acreage and production. — Balti- 
more Sun. 



[(HE PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLI 



TRIED 

Out at one of the Long Island clubs 
the boys were getting warmed up after 
a round of this pre-spring golf and 
tried to get a member of the local 
Bench to take a hot toddy. 

"Do you good. Judge," said one. 
"Didn't you ever try a good slug of 

rum ?" 

"No," admitted the judge, "but I've 
tried plenty of fellows who have." 



TIMBER 



Johnnie: "My sister has a wooden- 

leg." 

Freddie: "That's nothin'. My 
sister has a cedar chest." 



A rat-proof feed storage can be 
made by enclosing a room in hard- 
ware cloth, and piling all sacks at 
least 4 inches from the hardware- 
cloth walls. 



Reports from farmers who grew soy 
beans in New York State in 1942 
show that best yields were obtained! 
on fall-plowed alfalfa, red clover, and 
sweet clover sod. 



A good grass range for growing 
poultry, according to tests at Cornell, 
can save up to 12 per cent on the feed 
bills. 



NO LONGER A 

WHEAT SURPLUS 

That part of the public which is 
interested in such things has been 
hearing for a long time that there is 
plenty of wheat. Until very recently, 
indeed, there were at least two years' 
supply of wheat on hand or in sight. 

This was true despite tenacious 
Government efforts to reduce wheat 
acreage. But now Mr. Chester C. 
Davis, food administrator, talks of in- 
creasing the acreage for winter wheat 
next fall. Already the Government 
has taken several significant steps 
looking toward a larger supply of this 
cereal. Thus, on February 23 it was 
announced that wheat farmers could 
collect Government wheat payments 
even if they produced beyond their 
wheat allotments, provided they also 
produced up to ninety per cent of the 
special war-crop goals imposed in 
earlier efforts to divert them from 
wheat growing. On April 30 President 
Roosevelt suspended some of the limi- 
tations on the importation of wheat. 
An export program providing Gov- 
ernment subsidies to clear wheat out 
of the country was suspended as of 
May 14. 



Happy Wife 
Today. 

A Widow 






Tomorrow ? 




OTOP for 1 minute and think about it — it really could 
^ happen. Suppose your wife became a widow to- 
morrow, could she keep herself and her family free from 
want? 

Your own Grange life insurance company — Farmers and 
Traders — is now keeping many widows and children 
financially independent because thoughtful fathers and 
husbands planned for their future. 

Let us help you plan for the future. 



Mail the coupon today 

farmers and traders 
Life Insurance Co. 

Horn* Office : SYRACUSE, N.Y. 

Orgaaiicd in 1912. Assets $12,072,919 



COUPON 

Farmers and Traders Life Ins. Co. " 

I Syracuse, N. Y. 



Plsas* sand information about your 
family protaction plans. 



I Name Age 

I Street 

I City State 




Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrlsburg, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL. XL 



HARRISBURG, PA., JULY, 1943 



No. 4 



War Cabinet Needed 

To Prevent Chaos in Government 

By a. S. Goss, Master National Orange 



WASHINGTON has been aptly 
called the National Center of 
Confusion. During war times 
more or less disorder can be expected, 
but the confusion has existed since 
long before the war. Much of it 
comes from failure to follow well- 
established administrative procedure. 
Our government is divided into 
three branches. Legislative, Executive 
and Judicial. The Legislative estab- 
lishes the policies and makes the 
laws. The Executive branch admin- 
isters the law and carries out the 
policies so established. The Judicial 
interprets the law when the constitu- 
tionality is challenged. The Execu- 
tive branch is the largest, for there 
all the activities of government are 
centered, under the supervision of the 
President. 

These activities are too many for 
any man to handle individually, so 
they are divided into ten depart- 
ments, each under the supervision of 
a Cabinet member. These Cabinet 
members comprise the President's 
operating staff or advisory board. 

In addition to this machinery of 
government, exi>erience has shown 
that some activities are a combina- 
tion of executive and judicial respon- 
sibilities, so certain commissions have 
been authorized by law, such as the 
Interstate Commerce Commission, 



the Tariff Commission and the Fed- 
eral Trade Commission. 

On the whole our government is in- 
tended to be a rather clean-cut, not 
too complicated, organization. The 
trouble has arisen from failure to fol- 
low the pattern. When the Depart- 
ment of Labor failed to function 
smoothly, instead of correcting the 
trouble at its source, a commission 
was set up to take over some of the 
activities rightfully belonging within 
the department. Working under the 
handicap of divided authority, it was 
inevitable that the commission would 
fail, so another was set up, then an- 
other. Most of the new agencies have 
been superimposed upon the others. 
Now, problems of labor are spread 
among the Department of Labor, 
the War Man Power Commission, 
the National War Labor Board, the 
Management-Labor Policy Commit- 
tee, the Agricultural Labor Division 
of the War Food Administration, the 
National Labor Relations Board, and 
how many more it is hard to tell. 

Other Departments 

So it goes in the other departments. 
Where one authority begins and an- 
other ends is a subject for continual 
doubt and controversy. Instead of 
ten departments, each headed by a re- 
sponsible Cabinet member, we have 



some 60 or 80 boards or commissions 
operating outside of cabinet depart- 
ments, most of them responsible di- 
rectly to the President. We have had 
four reorganizations of government 
in as many years, most of them add- 
ing to the number of agencies instead 
of replacing them, but none of them 
getting back to the basic policy of 
straight line authority. 

For example, as chairman of the 
Food Requirements Committee, Sec- 
retary Wickard could issue directives, 
but many of them had to be carried 
out by agencies which were not under 
the Department of Agriculture, and 
over which he had no supervision. If 
his orders were not carried out, he 
could do nothing about it, unless 
possibly complain to the President. 

When war came to Europe, the con- 
fusion led to the appointment of 
William S. Knudson as Chief Co- 
ordinator or Over-all Boss, but he 
was not given full authority. To 
satisfy labor, Sidney Hillman, pres- 
ident of the Amalgamated Clothing 
Workers, was given concurrent 
powers with Knudson, so in all mat- 
ters involving labor — which was prac- 
tically everything — there was divided 
authority and the President had to 
decide. Then came Leon Henderson 
to control prices, and Donald M. Nel- 
son to control production through 
priorities, not supplanting any exist- 
ing agencies, but in effect superim- 
posed on them. 

For a while Henderson seemed 
King of the Roost. His technique 
was to run to the President with a 
program and get a decision before 



any Cabinet member or head of any 
independent division had been con- 
sulted, so he usually had his case 
won before the battle opened. This 
and other activities led to such com- 
plete confusion that Justice Byrnes 
was brought in to head a new over- 
all organization known as the Office 
of Economic Stabilization, with au- 
thority over almost everyone else. 

Thus there have been many men in 
places of major responsibility, but 
they have failed to coordinate our 
various activities. It is not their 
fault, for they have been some of the 
ablest and most sincere men in the 
whole nation. The trouble has been 
in the limited authority under which 
they worked. 

Divided Authority 

Divided authority had resulted in 
placing restrictive price ceilings over 
foods which the Food Administrator 
was trying to get produced in abun- 
dance. Congress had tried to give 
the Secretary of Agriculture author- 
ity to approve ceilings, but technical 
rulings prevented such operation, and 
the Secretary was left with insuffi- 
cient authority to match his respon- 
sibilities. Finally the office of War 
Food Administration was set up 
under Chester Davis, to be responsible 
directly to the President. One of the 
first basic decisions made in coopera- 
t i n with O.P.A. Administrator 
Brown was to use rationing instead 
of ceilings to control meat supply 
and prices. The decision had hardly 
been made when still another reor- 
ganization took place, creating the 
(Concluded on page 2.) 




Lecturers of Pennsylvania Granges in Annual Convention at the Pennsylvania State College, June 16 to 18 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1943 




THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 



REV. W. D. KEEMER 



J 



EVERY day our Army buys 
nearly three million dol- 
lars' worth of food. 

Every day five million dollars' 
worth of food sails away on 
lend-lease. 

And every day 126 other mil- 
lion Americans at home must 
be fed. 

So it's easy to see the job that 
faces the farmers — and one of 
the jobs that face the railroads. 

Food, war goods, ore, coal, oil, 
everything — it all adds up to a 
total of 1^ million tons being 
moved a mile every minute. 

To do it the railroads are 
starting a loaded freight train 
on its run every four 8e(M)nds. 



Americajv 




They are also starting a special 
troop movement every six 
minutes of the day and night. 

New equipment and needed 
materials are next to impossi- 
ble to get. And there is a limit 
to the load which can be 
carried by the railroads with 
what they now have. 

That's why coaches are some- 
times crowded, why trains are 
sometimes late, why you can- 
not always travel as comfort- 
ably as in the past. 

Like the £Eu*mers on the food 
front, however, the railroads 
are devoting every bit of their 
experience and initiative to 
provide the transportation 
needed to keep our battle 
hues strong. 



Rmlroadis 



PATRIOTISM 

"Render therefore unto Caesar the 
things that are Caesar's, and unto God 
the things which are God's." 

We sometimes think that the mean- 
ing of the word Patriotism is often 
misunderstood or at least is thought 
of only "as love for one's country." 
It is not an unusual thing these days 
to find people who seem quite willing 
to say that our love for our country 
and our allegiance to it are more im- 
portant than our loyalty to God. 
Every real American citizen loves his 
country and is willing to make any 
sacrifice, even life itself, to save his 
country from those who would de- 
stroy it. 

We believe the first duty of every- 
one who enjoys the protection of the 
Stars and Stripes is to honor God, 
who made it possible that we might 
have such a wonderful country in 
which to live. 

If we love God we will gladly help 
support His Church which is a Di- 
vine institution, and is the greatest 
power and influence for good in the 
world. We will then find it is not so 
difficult to love our fellow men, even 
our enemies, and while love of country 
does sometimes make it necessary to 
fight for the principles for which our 



government as well as the Church 
stands, we will do so with a spirit of 
love for the right as God permits us 
to see the right, and not with a spirit 
of hate and revenge. 

We are certain the highest type of 
Patriotism can be secured by en- 
couraging our people to love God and 
strive earnestly to do His will, so that 
the inhabitants of other lands, even 
those who are at war with us, may be 
able to truthfully say that we are a 
Christian nation. 

Caesar was not a perfect king and 
the Roman government had many 
imperfections, yet Jesus said they de- 
served credit for what good they had 
done, and we have a much better sys- 
tem of government than Rome ever 
had. The true patriot not only honors 
God and is loyal to his nation, but 
is also willing to help his fellow men 
in time of peace as well as in time of 
war. Patriotism also includes being 
true to one's self, for no one can be 
all he should be to others unless he is 
true to the highest aspirations of his 
own soul. The poet has fittingly said: 

"To thine own self be true. 
And it must follow as the night the 

day; 
Thou cannot then be false to any 



man. 



» 



War Cabinet Needed 

(Concluded from page 1.) 




Classified Ads. 

QUALITY CHICKS 

100% live del. Postpaid Str. Pts. 

Pullets 95% guaranteed. 100 100 

White Leghorns $10.00 $18.00 

Plum Creek Poultry Farm and Hatchery, 
Sunbury, Pa. 

BABY CHICKS OF QUALITY— Leghorni. 
Anconas, HampshlreB, White R©ck«, Reds. 
Nbl.son'8 Poultry Farm, Grove 04ty, Pa. 



FOR SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle — Cows, 
Heifers, and Young Bulls. Sybil 
breeding. Also Chester White Hogs. 

J. A. Boak & Sons, New Castle, Pa. 

C. J. BAINBRIDOE, Syracuse, New York, 
Orange Badges, Buttons, Regalia and supplies 
of every description. OfBclal and the recog- 
nized standard everywhere. Send (or catalog. 



War Mobilization Board under Jus- 
tice Byrnes, which is another over-all 
authority board, and the meat deci- 
sion was reversed. 

This last over-all authority has 
been called a War Cabinet. A War 
Cabinet is exactly what is needed, but 
this is nothing of the sort. The vital 
industry of food production is not 
even represented on this board. If 
the total resources of the nation are 
to be mobilized in the most efiFective 
way to win the war, all branches of 
our economy must be represented in 
a War Cabinet, and the decisions 
must be made as to the merits of con- 
flicting interests. Man power, mate- 
rials, food and transportation must 
all be used where they will best serve 
the over-all cause. 

Those responsible for the various 
activities of government (and this 
should be mostly Cabinet members), 
should be brought together and their 
problems worked out jointly. Where 
conflicts cannot be settled otherwise, 
the President should decide, and 
when the decision is made, each 
should adjust his plans to fit. That 
is a War Cabinet. Unless the Pres- 
ident sits in on the final discussions 
and hears all sides of the question, he 
is not able to decide intelligently. 
Without such a Cabinet he hears only 
one side, and makes his decisions 
without the advantage of seeing all 
the facts. 

That is what a Cabinet is for. 
That principle is followed in all suc- 
cessful business as well as in gov- 
ernments. It means straight-line 
authority, with the President as final 
arbiter, and all responsible heads hav- 
ing an opportunity to present their 
cases fully. 

Lincoln had such a Cabinet. All 
decisions were discussed with his 
Cabinet almost daily. Most issues 
were resolved in the discussions; at 
times Lincoln took the responsibility, 
but not without full discussion. The 



Emancipation Proclamation was such 
a decision. 

Wilson had such a Cabinet. They 
met every morning during war days. 
All problems involving the coordina- 
tion of departmental activities were 
brought up and decided upon. Where 
agreement was not reached in discus- 
sion. President Wilson decided; then 
all went to work under the decision. 

President Roosevelt needs such a 
cabinet. He cannot decide all ques- 
tions himself. Neither should he try 
to delegate this responsibility to 
someone else. It belongs to him. In- 
stead of nearly a hundred agencies 
with overlapping authority, there 
should be few, if any, not under the 
supervision of his Cabinet members, 
and the Cabinet should be his advi- 
sory and operating board. If he feels 
that his cabinet members are not 
qualified to handle the job, he should 
get men who are qualified. Then, and 
not until then, will the various de- 
partments know what the others are 
doing, and all our resources be prop- 
erly coordinated and mobilized to win 
the war. 

BICYCLE VACATIONERS FIND 
SIDE ROADS INTERESTING 

There is a noticeable trend toward 
"two wheeled" vacations, the State 
Department of Commerce reports. 

Inquiries requesting literature de- 
scribing rural vacation spots indicate 
that they are arriving "via a bicycle 
built for one" and prefer picturesque 
regions into which they can venture. 

Much of Pennsylvania's beauty lies 
hidden from highways but is access- 
ible by lanes and wooded paths over 
which bicycles can travel so the De- 
partment feels that many people will 
"discover" a side of Pennsylvania's 
existence of which they were pre- 
viously unaware. 



1 



If clothes are well hung after 
laundering, ironing will be easier. 



July, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 





THE LECTURER'S CORNER 

O. WALKER SHANNON, State lecturer 



FOOD PRODUCTION 

The recent Leadership School at 
State College was more successful 
from some standpoints than any that 
has been held in recent years. The 
attendance was much higher than 
either of the last two years. This one 
fact alone gave a decided lift to all 
the meetings. Tioga County led the 
way with a total of twenty Grange 
leaders in attendance. 

The seriousness of our present sit- 
uation was reflected by nearly every 
speaker. Time and again we were 
warned that we can and ^ may run 
very short of food, in spite of the 
tremendous effort being made by 
agriculture. Adverse weather condi- 
tions is but a contributing factor. 
The other and more presently serious 
condition is the apparent lack of co- 
ordination by those who are in posi- 
tion to be helpful. As this is written 
there seems to be no clear and definite 
food program. This situation cannot 
endure without serious repercussions. 
We are now faced on the one hand 
with the increased demand for food 
and on the other with curtailed pro- 
duction. The demand for food will 
increase more and more with each 
passing day, and we who are being 
looked to for food to feed the world 
may not even be able to feed our- 
selves in the way we have been ac- 
customed to eat. This is not a happy 
picture, but we must learn the facts 
and face them as they are or we can 
come to no worth-while solution of 
our common problems. This is a time 
when we must, in spite of all obsta- 
cles, produce. The Grange that fails 
to study conditions and help work out 
the solutions, whether it be a small 
or large Grange, one with large pro- 
ducers or one whose members produce 
only Victory Gardens, is failing not 
only in its patriotic duty, but in its 
duty to the members themselves. 

Produce and Preserve 

This program is the one prepared 
by Mrs. J. E. Martin, Washington 
County, for the demonstration Grange 
meeting at the Leadership School and 
was presented by various Granges 
throughout the State. Programs of 
this type should be presented all the 
time in our meetings. 

Tableau — "Produce and Preserve," 
was presented by Logan Grange, Cen- 
ter County. 

One side of the stage represented 
the garden or field with men hoeing 
and reaping. The other side rep- 
resented the home with ladies paring 
and canning vegetables. An appro- 
priate duet was sung off stage. 

Poem, "Others," was read by Re- 
becca Way, Penn State Grange. 

Group Singing — "We're Here for 
Fun," "Booster Song," "Keep the 
Home Fires Burning." 

Talk — "Stimulating Food Produc- 
tion in Our Communities," Oscar 
Drumm, Northumberland County. 

Playlet — "Buying Food in War- 
time," Washington County Pomona. 
This playlet is a humorous yet a 
timely skit that is easily presented. A 
copy may be borrowed from any dele- 
gate to the Leadership School or from 
the State Lecturer's Ofiice. 

Closing Song — "When the Lights 
Go on Again." 

The Master Saboteir 

In our midst every day is a master 

saboteur — striking swiftly, fatally, 

behind the lines — destroying sight, 

arms, legs — or lives. Through his 



work last year 460,000,000 man-days 
were lost in the United States, 102,500 
persons were killed, 9,400,000 persons 
injured, many of them irreparably. 

He is thoughtlessness, the thought- 
lessness that leaves stairways clut- 
tered to produce dangerous or fatal 
falls, that leaves pitchforks upturned 
on which farmers can impale them- 
selves, that leaves guards off indus- 
trial machines. He is the Axis' 
greatest ally. 

Thoughtlessness helped kill 31,500 
persons last year in their homes, in- 
jured 4,650,000 others— 130,000 per- 
manently. He destroyed millions of 
dollars of property by fire. To ad- 
vanced or tender age he paid no re- 
spects; falls killed 13,400 persons 
over 65 years; burns destroyed 1,500 
children four years and younger. 

You can help beat this master 
saboteur that took more American 
lives last year than the war on all 
fronts. You can help people escape 
death at home this year if you will 
make safety the watchword of your 
home, community, and Grange. 

Save Man Power for War Power 

Group Sing — Ten minutes. 

Demonstration — Overcoming Dan- 
gers in the Home and on the Farm — 
this should be given by a sister and a 
brother, each actually demonstrating 
several hazards and safety measures. 

Discussion — "Safety" is ammuni- 
tion for the farm front. Invite your 
County Agent to lead the discussion. 
If you don't already have a Com- 
munity Safety Committee, it would 
be a good time to organize one with 
the assistance of the County Agent. 

Recreation — Mark a number of 
safety zones on the floor of the hall 
with chalk. Appoint one member to 
act as traffic cop, providing him with 
a whistle. At one blast of the whistle, 
all march to the right ; when the sec- 
ond blast is blown, all try to reach a 
safety zone. The last few to arrive 
are out of the game. 

Present each person or family pres- 
ent with a Safety Booklet. Many in- 
surance companies are very glad to 
give you safety literature free. Gen- 
eral Mills, Dept. of Public Services, 
Minneapolis, Minn., will send a very 
fine Safety Guide Booklet free of 
charge in limited quantities. The 
National Safety Council, Inc., 20 N. 
Wacker Drive, Chicago, 111., will 
provide a number of leaflets on 
safety for a nominal fee. 

Pennsylvania — Keystone of De- 
mocracy 
We are very fortunate to have the 
cooperation of the Historical Com- 
mission, Department of Public In- 
struction, Harrisburg, Pa. They are 
glad to aid us in developing Lecture 
hour programs on the subject, "Penn- 
sylvania — the Keystone State." Many 
of you have already received a packet 
of material pertaining to this subject 
and will receive more from time to 
time. In the near future, a radio 
script will be mailed you which gives 
the History of the Grange movement. 
It will furnish the basis of a splen- 
did program. The book published by 
this department, "Pennsylvania's 
First Year at War," will furnish the 
basis for a number of discussions and 
entire programs. Each Lecturer 
should take advantage of this pro- 
gram material and use it to keep the 
membership informed of the develop- 
ments in our beautiful and important 
State. 




Do You Like PEOPLE? 

IF you make friends easily, we have a wonderful opportunity 
for you to be of unusual service to your community. We need 
men to carry our message of "family protection" to their friends 
and neighbors in agricultural areas. 

If you are between 25 and 60 years of age with experience in farm- 
ing or any other enterprise, let me send you complete details of 
this highly respected, interesting and profitable work. 



Mail the coupon to me personally. 
Give your age and past experience. 

Alvin E. Hanson, Supt. of Agencies 

FARMERS AND TRADERS 

LIFE INSURANCE CO. 

Home Office : SYRACUSE, N.Y. 

Organized in 1912. Assets $12,072,919 



COUPON 

I Alvin E. Hanson, Supt. of Agencies 

I Farmers and Traders Life Ins. Co. P 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Plaase aand information about b*coming 



I 



an insurance advisor 



I Name - 

I Street 

I City State 



Age. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 



OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 



Grange Seals 
Digest 



New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 

New fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 

Constitution and By-Laws 

Degree Work, First 4 degrees by Dr. Rankin 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony 

Song Books, "The Patron/' board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 
half dozen 

per dozen 

per half dozen 

Dues Account Book 

Secretary 's Record Book 

Labor Savings Minute Book 

Treasurer 's Account Book 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 

Roll Book 

Application Blanks, per hundred 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred 

Treasurer 's Receipts 

Trade Cards, each > 

Demit Cards, each 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) 

Grange Radiator Emblems 

Ohio State Grange Cook Books, each 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

Miles Horst, Secretary. 



$5.00 
.60 

3.00 
.40 

4.00 
.35 

3.25 
.20 
.50 
.50 
.15 

.60 

6.00 

3.00 
.75 
.60 

2.75 
.60 
.76 
.70 

2.75 
.76 
.45 
.50 
.25 
.40 
.40 
.30 
.30 
.01 
.01 
.16 
.50 
.75 



WOOL ORDER AMENDED 

Producers and pools of producers 
may now sell shorn wool direct to 
mills instead of to the Commodity 



Credit Corporation, the "War Food 
Administration says in an amend- 
ment to Food Distribution Order 50. 
All provisions of the order on pulled 
wool remain in effect. 



■;l 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1943 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 



Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 

Room 426>28, Telegraph Building 
216 Locust Street, Harrisburg, Pa* 



S cents a copy 



50 cents a year 



Vol. XL 



JULY, 1943 



No. 4 



Board of Managers 
KENZIE S. BAG8HAW, President, HoUidaysburg, Pa. 

6. MEELE GRIFFIN ALBERT MADIGAN C. M. DAVIDSON 

Smock, Pa. Towanda, Pa. Grove City, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, KENZIE S. BAG8HAW 

Managing Editor, MILES H0R8T 
427-429 Telegraph Building, Harriaburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, O. WALKER SHANNON 
Hookstoim, Pa. 

AiyVERTISINO Is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate Hne, or $3.50 per Inch, 
each Insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



A Fruitless Year 



A 



\ YEAR and more has passed since union labor made a bid for farm 
support, a fruitless year as far as gaining dairy members for District 
60 of the United Mine Workers is concerned. Met by the organized 
opposition of farmers Mr. Lewis and the C. I. O. made no appreciable prog- 
ress in gaining control over agriculture. From time to time sporadic at- 
tempts to interest farmers in certain sections are reported, one now being 
under way in Ohio, but as a whole the chances at present for unionizing 
dairymen under the banner of John L. Lewis seem dimmer than at any 
time since the idea was broached in the spring of 1942. 



Cheap Food 



CHEAP food has been political bait since the days of the early Romans. 
Cheap food is the lure dangled before the worker's eyes today; this 
in the guise of resisting inflation. How absurd to'claim cost of food 
the chief inflation threat when the price of wheat is half what it was in the 
other war and wages are nearly twice their level then. The pressure of in- 
flation comes from the excess cash the consumer has after buying his shelter, 
food and clothing. Hence the lower the price of food or the higher the 
wage the greater the pressure and the graver the threat. Unless wage ad- 
vances are halted inflation appears inevitable, regardless of price control on 
food and other living costs. 



ie Money 



THERE are many ways to raise money for worthy purposes, all of them 
painful to somebody. An Idaho Grange hit on a way that deadened 
the pain with a deluge of pie. Desiring to boost war bond sales this 
Grange held an auction of homemade pies. Whether the auctioneer was un- 
usually eloquent, the pies unusually good or the appetites of the audience 
unusually keen is not known, but the results were spectacular. Sales of 
bonds totaled $3,470. One pie brought $310 and an angel food cake sold for 
$135. Then the crowd which had furnished the cash ate the pies, experienc- 
ing no doubt that doubly satisfying sense of a well-filled stomach and a 
clear conscience. The variety of pie is not stated, but in our opinion if any 
pie is worth $310 it must be red raspberry. 



^ • 



Transporta tion 



the battlefield with the farms, the mines and the factories of the nation.'* 
It is important to our farms, our nation and our allied countries that the 
railroads have the things needed for their continued essential and efficient 



1' 



service. 



Too Many Cooks 



TWELVE federal bureaus or agencies have some authority over food. 
They deal with production, distribution, price, machinery, man power, 
subsidies, military requirements, lend-lease, research, etc. At the same 
time there looms in the offing a food problem. Shortages of this or that are 
at hand or impending; rationing is applied and more promised. Fear is 
expressed that tables will be light in this and other lands, despite the 
multiplicity of authority over food. Put a dozen cooks in one kitchen and 
what kind of a meal would result? Each alone might be a marvel, but all 
together, to put it mildly, would create some confusion. The marvel today 
is not why our food production shows signs of slowing up, but how it is 
able to amble at all under the weight of so much "authority" and official 
direction. 



*^ • 



The Small Farmer 

SPEAKING before a group of Grangers and other farm leaders recently 
a sociologist reported surveys which indicate that the small farmer is 
a "bottle neck" in food production and that he must farm more effi- 
ciently, either voluntarily or by "compellion." We are a bit skeptical of 
applying the results of such "survey" to Pennsylvania. It may be true that 
small farmers in some parts of the country are inefficient and need the 
stern hand of a wise government to direct their daily life, but we are not 
convinced that this situation prevails widely in Pennsylvania. Rather we 
believe that man for man, or acre for acre, the one-man farm and the small 
farmer in this state, operating with traditional freedom and independence, 
does not suffer in comparison with any other section or system. And we 
have less than a little patience with schemes which in a roundabout way 
aim to take over the farmers or the farm land in this country, sovietize the 
one and communize the other, all in the name of progress and food produc- 
tion. To our humble way of thinking a 200-year-old record of abundant 
food and profitable farming is a safer guide than surveys or sociology. 



^ • 



Team Work 



PLANS and programs have no effect on Mother Nature. Serene as a 
cloud in a summer sky she provides a seedtime and a harvest in ful- 
fillment of an ancient promise. In these latter days of uncertainties, 
fears, forebodings and lack of faith it is comforting to recall that the farm- 
er's chief partner is exempt from the many curious rules and regulations 
which puzzle the farmer. And it is well, for if nature were responsive to 
man's directions the result would be catastrophe. As it is we are in the 
midst of a marvelous growing season. Moisture has been abundant and 
temperatures high. Crops, and weeds, are growing fast. It is true that too 
much rain delayed and in some cases prevented planting. It is true that 
the spring was late and that hay weather may be hazardous. But it is like- 
wise apparent that with fair conditions the rest of the season, despite labor 
and other troubles that confront the farmer, he will harvest a goodly total 
of food and feed crops. Instead of spending too much time worrying about 
ructions and restrictions it may be well to spend some time in contemplation 
of the fact that the sturdy team which will produce the food of the world— 
the farmer and nature — are pulling together as usual. 



On the Job 



WHKN the history of this war is finally written free enterprise should 
have a prominent page. Industry, agriculture and transportation 
have rendered yeoman service. Last year with a shortage of machines 
and man power agriculture increased production 14 per cent over the pre- 
vious year. Manufacturing has to its record unprecedented achievements, 
while transportation has carried the goods as needed without breakdown or 
tax support. The railroads have amazed the nation with their response 
to war's demands. Hampered as is agriculture with limited equipment 
and a steady drain on man power they have cared for the transportation 
needs of the nation. In 1942 they carried a load one-third bigger than in 
1941, without increasing prices and" without using government money. 
Transportation is a war essential. Before a ton of manufactured product 
is ^ready to move five tons of raw material must be hauled some place. The 
railroad, says a railroad man, "is the life line connecting the fox holes of 



WHILE Congress and committees, conferences and alphabetical agen- 
cies, planners and propagandists are in a frenzy about food produc- 
tion the one man who is likely to do most about it is on the job. 
The farmer in Pennsylvania is working longer, harder and faster than ever. 
Neither rain nor shine, nor night nor day stops him. Never before have 
we seen so much field work being done in the rain. Never before have 
lights been used to such an extent on tractors as farmers worked at night 
to get crops planted. Never before have so many farm wives made a hand 
at outdoor work. These things are going on in Pennsylvania this year, the 
Keystone farmer's contribution to food production. While planners and 
agencies argue, order and revoke, while prices and supplies are pushed and 
shoved around, the farmer is on the job with a determined energy undaunted 
by waste, strikes, stoppages and other things in other industries. The 
farmer knows food is essential and to the best of his ability he is producing 
it. How odd that this man who carries a heavy load in critical times must 
struggle under restrictions and experiments which hamper his efforts when 
confidence, encouragement and certainties are needed. 



July, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



Mrs. Ethel. H. Rich- 
ards, C*d»f wdw, New 

Paris. 

Mrs. Georgia Kresge, 
Falls. 

Miss Agnes Brum- 
baugh, State Col- 
lege. 

Mrs. H. R. McDougal, 
Butler. 

Mrs. Furman Gyger, 
Kimberton. 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



CITY HELP ON THE 

FARM FROM THE 

WIFE'S VIEWPOINT 

Frances H. Gyger 

I firmly believe that the voluntary 
help the farmers get from the high 
schools and cities can never replace 
the skilled labor who have left the 
farms for defense work or were 
drafted into the army. The farmer 
in 1942 was appreciative of emer- 
gency help during the harvest season 
from school children and college 
youth. But they were anxious for the 
public to understand that picking 
apples or gathering potatoes call for 
no special skill and that inexperi- 
enced help like this would have fitted 
just as well into service plans, since 
all recruits have to go through train- 
ing alike. And so no good purpose 
has been served by taking the experi- 
enced farm hands into the service 
and letting the food problems still 
unsolved. It will take a well co- 
ordinated program of all interested 
groups to find, train and supervise 
the farm labor needed this year. 
Through the help of Pennsylvania 
State College and Agricultural Ex- 
tension, the situation may be relieved 
somewhat. At best, the results will 
not be wholly satisfactory. 

Local Help 

Farmers realize that much of the 
labor shortage will have to come from 
local communities. Those people who 
have been born and reared on a farm 
and moved to the city are the people 
who the farmer would like to see 
volunteer their services, because of 
their knowledge of the farm and its 
equipment. If members of the 
Women's Land Army before hiring 
on the farm can get previous train- 
ing at some Agricultural School they 
would be a safer bet for the farmers 
to hire. Girls who really love the 
country and farm work and who are 
not afraid of dirt and hard labor can 
do more for their country on the 
farm than in industry. It is just as 
patriotic to work on the farm as it 
18 to work in a defense plant. The 
only drawback is the farmer cannot 
compete with industry on the wage 
problem. One must remember that 
there is no time or half time on the 
farm, and instead of a forty-hour 
week it is a seventy-two-hour or more 
week on the farm. 

Much has been said of the farmer's 
wife helping in the fields and milk- 
ing the cows while the A. W. V. S. 
•^n the house. In many cases this, 
too, would be impracticable. The 
A. W. V. S. in my mind would be 
better fitted for truck farming than 
^airy farming. 

War Work 

Farm work is War work. Lt. Col. 
J^ard B. Cleaves, Commandant, 
^aker & Cooks School, Lee, Va., told 
|!i*ni commodity groups meeting in 
harrisburg in January, 1943, that 
^nen our army as a whole reaches a 
pngth of 7,500,000 men, its rations 
jor one month would make a pWo of 
jood nearly as large as the 102-storv 
J^nipire Building in New York, 
^^ink of the l,n00,000 outside of the 



country consuming Ji-^OO tons of food 
in one day. One can vizualize the 
tremendous job the farmer has for 
1943. 

Farmers are not only asked to 
produce the food, but soybeans for 
glycerine that fires the antitank 
shells, and oil from the castor bean 
to soften the lining of army shoes, 
wood for the soldier's uniforms, oil 
from the peanut for explosives, flax 
for linseed oil for paints to camou- 
flage our men, guns, tanks, etc., grains 
for synthetic rubber, cotton for rain- 
coats, life rafts, tires for the jeeps, 
ambulances and trucks. Taking 
everything into consideration it as a 
pretty stiff job. 

The farmer has substituted ma- 
chinery for men in many instances, 
but he isn't keen on sending an inex- 
perienced hand into the fields to 
operate this expensive machinery, 
especially when repairs are very diffi- 
cult to obtain. The expensive ma- 
chinery he uses on his farm cannot be 
trusted to any novice. Neither can he 
afford to spend hours teaching hired 
help how to operate it. When he 
needs repairs he needs them in a 
hurry. Delay in repairs may mean 
a serious food shortage. 

So given insufficient labor and in- 
experienced help the farmer must cut 
down his production to fit the supply. 
If he must do that everybody will 
share the painful consequences 1943 
is bound to bring. What will high 
wages profit industrial labor if be- 
cause of low wages of farm labor, 
there shouldn't be enough to eat. 



BEDFORD COUNTY SOLVES 

THE SUGAR PROBLEM 

The Home Economics Committee, 
with the aid and suggestions of Sub- 
ordinate Granges, presented a timely 
number on sugarless and sugar-sav- 
ing recipes and suggestions at the 
recent session of Pomona held at 
Osterburg Grange. Each Subordinate 
was asked to contribute to the pro- 
gram, a prize being awarded the best 
presentation, which was given to 
Burning Bush Grange — the prize, a 
cube of sugar. 

Following is a summary of the 
program : 

Use honey in whipped cream, 
pumpkin pies. 

Sweeten milk with syrup to use on 
cereals, adding it before milk is 
placed on table. This is convenient 
for children. 

Use condensed milk in making ice 
cream. 

Dark corn syrup gives a pleasing 
caramel flavor to ice cream. 

Saccharine can also be used for 
sweetening cereals and foods when 
they are cool. 

Here is a recipe for a large, fine 
grained cake, easy to mix: 

Harvest Hand Cake 

'?4 C. butter or part other shorten- 
ing (room temperature) 
1 C. golden corn syrup 
V2 C. sugar 
•"^4 t. salt 
3 C. sifted cake flour 
2/3 C. milk 
1 t. vanilla 
3 eggs 



3 t. baking powder 
10 oz. semi-sweet chocolate. 

In a large bowl put shortening 
(soft but not melted), sugar, syrup, 
salt, flour, milk and vanilla. Beat 
with a sturdy rotary beater 8 min- 
utes, or an electric mixer, slow speed 
for 5 minutes. When smooth, beat in 
eggs, one at a time, then fold in bak- 
ing powder. Bake in a large greased 
pan 10 X 14 at 375" for 30 minutes. 
Cool 5 minutes, sprinkle with the 
chocolate, return to oven 2 minutes. 
Spread softened chocolate. Cool. Cuts 
24 large squares. 



Syrup icing is very good on this 
cake, too. — Mrs. Allen R. Eshelman. 



HOUSEHOLD HINTS 

A pinch of sugar in mashed pota- 
toes will make them light and fluffy. 

Put a piece of charcoal on one of 
the shelves of your refrigerator. It 
takes up all odors and purifies the 
air. 

Hot water is better than cold to 
soak dried fruit and requires only 
half the time for soaking. 

To conserve food values, start all 
vegetables in rapidly boiling water. 



Our Fashion and Pattern Department 

AU patterns ISc. each In Btainpa •r coin (coin preferred). 




2747 — A cool, simple little frock that will be 
the easiest thing In the world to 
launder. Sizes 10 to 20. Size 16, 
3 yds. 35-in. fabric. 

3059 — Slim, easy lines make for figure flat- 
tery with this smart dress. Sizes 
14 to 48. Size 36, 3% yds. 39-ln. 
fabric. 

2576 — A Jumper that will adapt so well to 
all the gay summer cottons that 
are so popular. Sizes 10 to 20. 
Size 16. for the blouse, 2% yds. 
35-in. fabric ; for the jumper, 3 
yds. 35-in. fabric. 

3506 — This play suit and Jumper will be 
the most practical item in your 
girl's summer outfit. Sizes 6 to 12. 
Size 8. for the play suit, 1% yds. 
35-ln. fabric ; for the Jumper, 1 % 
yds. 35-ln. 

3047 — You can never have too many aprons 
and you can have such fun trim- 
ming this one. Sizes Small, Me- 
dium and Large. Medium size, 



2»^ yds. 35 or 39-ln. fabric with 
5 yds. rlc rac. 

2755 — This is just the apron for you If 
you are being patriotic and work- 
ing in your Victory Garden. Sizes 
Small, Medium and Large. Medium 
size, 1% yds. 35-in. fabric with 
% yd. striped contrasting and 
^ yd. printed contrasting. 

2915 — A complete summer outfit for that 
youngster of yours and oh-so-easy 
to make. Sizes 1, 2, 4 and 6 yrs. 
Size 4, for the sun suit, % yds. 
35-in. fabric; overalls, 1^ yds. 
35-ln.; blouse, 1% yd. 35-in. with 
% yd. contrasting. 

2045 — A two-piecer that you will find your- 
self living in all summer. Sizes 10 
to 40. Size 16, 4 yds. 35-ln. 
fabric. 

2593 — This is an easy enough pattern for 
her to sew herself and it would 
look so smart in a nice striped 
seersucker. Sizes 8 to 14. Size 
8, 2% yds. 35-in. fabric. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 
427 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



H 



K 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1943 



OUR JUVENILE GRANGES 

MRS. LUCY SHUMWAY, Wyalusing 



DAYS WE MAY CELEBRATE 

IN JULY AND AUGUST 

Whistler's Birthday. 
St. Swithin's Day. 
Izaak Walton's Birthday. 
Birthday of David Crockett. 
Intertribal Indian Ceremonial. 



Program builders who like to cele- 
brate special days complain of a 
dearth of such days- through July, 
August and September. For this 
reason we have searched out a few 
days that occur during this month 
and next that we think might offer 
some interesting suggestions for you 
boys and girls. 

James Abbott McNeil Whistler was 
an American and one of our best 
modern artists. It shouldn't be hard 
to find a little story or two concern- 
ing him which members can tell, and 
to find copies of enough of his pic- 
tures to make a little exhibit. 

We should know that he painted 
something besides the portrait of his 
mother. 

When Whistler was trying to get a 
start in London, John Ruskin, who 
was a very famous art critic, wrote 
of him : "I have seen and heard much 
of cockney impudence, but never ex- 
pected to hear a coxcomb ask two 
hundred guineas for flinging a pot of 
paint in the public's face." Whistler 
sued him for slander and obtained 
a verdict of one farthing. He always 
wore this coin as a charm on his 
watch chain. 

You might close your Whistler eve- 
ning by all becoming artists. The 
only materials needed will be pencils, 
sheets of plain white paper and a pen 
or two for the blot pictures. 

IZAAK WALTON 

Izaak Walton was a man who wrote 
a book about fishing, over three hun- 
dred years ago which was so good 
that over one hundred editions of it 
have been printed and people are still 
reading it, and groups of men who 
enjoy fishing organize themselves into 
Izaak Walton clubs. It is interesting 
that his birthday comes in the middle 
of the summer — August ninth — when 
boys and girls like to go fishing. Why 
not celebrate his birthday by having 
a little discussion about fishing. Why 
is it that some boys can catch fish 
and others can't? What kind of bait 
do you use? What kind of equip- 
ment? Where are the best fishing 
holes? From the Pennslyvania De- 
partment of Forests and Waters you 
can get some material to use on such 
a program, including pictures of all 
our common fish which you might 
post and see how many we could iden- 
tify. 



the time of his death was Bishop of 
Winchester; how, at his death, he 
asked those gathered about his bed 
that they bury him outside of the 
cathedral instead of in the chancel 
where other saints were buried, 
"where the feet of passers-by might 
tread and the rains fall" on his tomb. 
But because many of his followers 
were scandalized at such treatment of 
the body of their beloved saint, on 
July 15, 9Y1, nearly a hundred years 
after his death they prepared to move 
the body to the chancel, but on the 
appointed day it began to rain and 
rained so hard that the task had to 
be postponed for forty days. 

The rest of your program could be 
taken up by a roll call in which each 
one tells some way in which we can 
really tell something about what the 
weather is to be. You may have some 
one in your Subordinate Grange who 
can give you a little talk about the 
different kinds of clouds and how we 
can read the coming weather condi- 
tions from them. Weather forecast- 
ing is importnt for farmers, and as 
we study clouds and winds and the 
colors of the sky, we find that it adds 
a lot of interest to our days. 

Pennsylvania Department of Agri- 
culture has some bulletins on cloud 
formations. 



DAVEY CROCKETT 

Most country boys like fishing, but 
even more of them, I think, like 
hunting so we might like to remem- 
ber the birthday of the famous Amer- 
ican hunter, Davy Crockett, who was 
born on August 17. You can find 
stories about him which you will en- 
joy telling. (Ask your librarian.) 
There is one to the effect that he 
killed one hundred and five bears in 
eight months, and another about the 
coon which agreed to come down 
from the tree when he found that it 
was Crockett who was aiming his gun 
at him. 

We would also include in this pro- 
gram some discussions about hunt- 
ing, including safety precautions. 



tree and the moon shining down on 
the whole peaceful scene. When the 
lights go on exhibit the masterpieces. 

BLOT DRAWING 

Each person writes his name in ink 
on a sheet of paper and folds it 
through the middle of the name while 
the ink is still wet, pressing it hard. 
The papers are then passed to the 
right and the players by adding a few 
touches make each one into some ob- 
ject. The object suggested by the 
name blot is supposed to be indicative 
of something in the owner's future. 
We have used this as a Hallowe'en 
game, passing all the pictures on to a 
person who has been appointed as 
fortuneteller. She exhibits each one 
and tells what the picture indicates 
as to the future. 




ST. SWITHIN'S DAY 

St. Swithin's Day, if thou dost rain, 
For forty days it will remain; 
St. Swithin's Day, if thou be fair. 
For forty days 'twill rain nae mair. 

This is the old rhyme that has been 
handed down for hundreds of years. 
Probably few farmers today hold any 
belief in these old weather signs and 
superstitions; we nevertheless still 
watch to see whether it rains on St. 
Swithin's Day and whether the sun 
shines on Candlemus Day. 

So, on one of your programs dur- 
ing these forty days you might like 
to tell the old legend concerning this 
saint of the Anglican church, who at 



For many years the last three days 
of August have been celebrated in 
Gallup, New Mexico, with a great in- 
tertribal Indian ceremony. During 
the celebration there is an exhibit of 
Indian arts and crafts, and a revival 
of old Indian ceremonies and dances. 
People have gone hundreds of miles 
to see this great pageant, and the 
interest has been so great that these 
last days of August have come to be 
known as Indian Days, and many 
towns and cities have put on smaller 
celebrations. So why not have Indian 
night toward the last of August with 
an exhibit of any Indian relics you 
may have, a bonfire lighted with the 
Indian fire-lighting ceremony (get it 
from any campfire girl) and some 
Indian stories and dances, in costume 
if possible. Perhaps you could get to- 
gether witli the Subordinates on such 
a program. 



Here is a picture of one of our Juve- 
niles in national service which tells us 
that none is too young to do his bit. 
This young farmer is Norman Dale Conn 
of Smithfield, Fayette County, Pa., feed- 
ing his calves Pet and Polly. Norman is 
six years old, the youngest member of 
York Run Juvenile. His mother is the 
Juvenile Deputy in Fayette County. 



PINHOLE PICTURES 

Place in a pile as many sheets of 
paper as there are players. Scatter 
six or eight grains of rice on the top 
sheet and where they fall prick holes 
through the whole pile with a hat pin 
or large needle. The papers are dis- 
tributed and each draws any picture 
he can think of in which all the dots, 
but no more, are used in making the 
main outline. The position of the 
pinholes is the same on all the papers, 
but the finished products will be quite 
different. If you have used some 
penny pictures for your Whistler ex- 
hibit, you can give these as prizes to 
your young artists. 



July, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



with those members who are absent 
This can be done by phone, letter 
card or a personal visit. Much good 
can be accomplished for the Grange 
if absent members know they have 
been missed at any Grange meeting. 
N^o matter if you and several others 
telephone to the same person the next 
morning, so much the better. Maybe 
that absent member was a neighobi 
and had no means of transportation 
and your car would have held several 
passengers that night. It takes only 
a few minutes to telephone and ask 
someone to share your car or to tell 
them that you missed them. 

Shut-ins and older members de- 
serve special attention. "Showers' 
for birthdays, cheery messages iiott 
and then, and personal calls are ap- 
preciated. 

If that absent member is a nevi 
member, something evidently 
wrong. Either the initiation was not 
impressive enough to warrant his 
coming back to Grange, or the greet- 
ings extended after the initiation 
were cold, or no special invitation to 
be at every Grange meeting was ex- 
tended by the Master or Lecturer 
after the initiation. 

If an officer, except the Master, ig 
absent for four consecutive meetings 
without a good and sufficient reason 
therefor, the Grange may then by a 
majority vote declare the office vacant 
and rightly so. 

If an absentee misses too many 
meetings without any recognition 
from any Sister or Brother Granger, 
there is danger of this member drift- 
ing away from the Grange. The 
Master or Visiting Committee should 
function before it is too late. There 
is work for all in the Grange. If 
absent members were asked to con- 
tribute toward the literary program, 
or the Master gave them some specific 
duty to perform, they would acquire 
the habit of regular attendance and 
later become one of the "faithful 
few." No Grange can afford to lose 
members now, so let us endeavor to 
redouble our efforts and keep what 
members we have. Keep in touch 
and know the reason for all absent 
Grange members. Make them feel 
that they are a part of a big plan or 
project and create in them some sense 
of responsibility. 



AMONG THE GRANGES 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 




COMING EVENTS 

July 23 — Juniata County Po- 
mona will meet with Tusca- 
rora Grange at McCoysville. 

July 28 — Wayne County Pomo- 
na will meet in I. O. O. F. 
Hall, Honesdale. 

August 4 — Wyoming County 
Pomona will meet with West 
Nicholson Grange. 



DRAWING IN THE DARK 

Give each player a pencil and sheet 
of paper. Turn out the lights and 
ask them to draw a picture of a 
house. Wait until all have finished. 
Then ask them to put a fence around 
the yard, a tree iri the yard, and a 
path leading to the door. As a final 
touch have them put a bird in the 



THE MATRON 

The Matron is a prophet. 

She lays the foundation of tomorrow. 

The Matron is an artist. 

She works with the precious clay of 
unfolding personality. 

The Matron is a builder. 

She works with the higher and finer 
values of civilization. 

The Matron is a pioneer. 

She is always attempting the impos- 
sible and winning out. 

The Matron is a believer. 

She has an abiding faith in the im- 

provability of the human race. 

(Improvised from a poem, "The 

Teacher," in the National Education 

Journal.) 



"There are two kinds of liberty; 
natural liberty, which is incompatible 
with authority and cannot endure re- 
straint. This liberty, if not re- 
strained, makes men grow more evil, 
and is the great enemy of truth and 
peace. 

"The other kind of liberty I call 
civil or federal. It is made by the 
covenants and constitutions of men 
among themselves. This liberty is 
the proper end of and object of au- 
thority. It is a liberty to do that only 
which is good, just and honest. 

"This liberty you are to stand iot 
with the hazard, not only of youi 
goods, but of your lives, if need be. 

"This liberty is the same kind oi 
liberty wherewith Christ has made us 
free." — John Wi?ithrop, First Oov 
ernor of the Colony of Massachusetts 



OUR DUTY TOWARD 

ABSENT MEMBERS 

It is the duty of every member of 
the Grange, not only the members of 
the Home Economics Committee or 
the Hospitality Committee, to get in 
touch after each Grange meeting 



Two Juveniles are already enrolW 
in the Pennsylvania order of JINS 
They are Mt. Nebo Juvenile, No. 254, 
in Allegheny County. Richard Smitl 
is Master, Mary Sprott, Matron, an( 
Windfall Juvenile in Bradfor( 
County. Mrs. John Brackman is th« 
Matron. I am not sure about the 
Master's name. This was quick work 
on the part of these two Juveniles- 
The letters were mailed to me on tb« 
same day, so a dollar will be sent tc 
each of them. 



QUARTERLY MEETING OF 

BERKS POMONA 

Pomona Grange, No. 43, Berks 
County, was entertained June 5 by 
Pioneer Grange, No. 1777, Topton, 
at the Lutheran Home at Topton, 
whfen a warning against inflation was 
sounded by President Q. A. W. Rohr- 
bach, of the Kutztown State Teachers' 
College. A spelling bee, won by Mrs. 
C. W. Streaker, Bernville Grange, 
was also held. She will represent Po- 
mona in the contest to be held at the 
December 7 meeting of State Grange. 
C. Paul Lied, Gouglersville, former 
Pomona Master, conducted the con- 
test. 

F. Cover O'Flaherty, Ontelaunee 
Grange, newly elected Grange Master, 
presided; and the Fifth Degree was 
conferred upon Helen Johnson, Kutz- 
town Grange, and Paul Loch, of the 
host Grange. 

The following, who were unable to 
be present at the March session, were 
installed by George W. Schuler: C. 
H. Zimmerman, secretary ; Mrs. Flor- 
ence Focht, Pomona; and Mrs. 
Harry Stoudt, Flora. 

Philip Burtner, farm labor man- 
ager for Berks, gave a brief talk; 
Elizabeth Millard, Pomona lecturer, 
was delegated to attend the State Lec- 
turers' convention at Penn State 
College; and the purchasing agent 
reported business totaling $52,163 
during the past quarter. 

Resolutions 

Two resolutions were passed, one 
opposing the proposed roll-back on 
farm prices, in order not to discour- 
age the food production program, and 
the other opposing the establishment 
of subsides on milk products. 

"Red Cross Dodger" 

A play, "Red Cross Dodger," fea- 
tured the program at the afternoon 
session, which was presented by the 
following cast: Evelyn and Ruth 
Fenstermacher, Betty and Anna Isa- 
moyer, Margaret and Gloria Guin- 
ther, Evelyn Diehl, Annetta Snyder, 
Paul Ganawar and Lee Moll. Other 
numbers were a skit by Evelyn Fen- 
stermacher and Rhea Rahn; recita- 
tions, Lee Moll and Willard Diehl; 
guitar duets, Gloria Guinther and 
Fay Wagaman; and welcome ad- 
dress, Annetta Snyder. 

Ray Pensinger delivered the wel- 
come at the morning session, to which 
response was made by John Blatt. 

Pomona Officers 
- "oDiona oflScers who presided were: 
faster, F. Cover O'Flaherty, Onte- 
^unee; Overseer, Robert Riegel, 
^^enterport; Lecturer, Elizabeth M. 
Millard, Virginville; Steward, Earl 
l^iehl. Pioneer; Assistant Steward, 
Howard Latshaw, Ontelaunee lady 
assistant steward, Mrs. Anna Bal- 
thaser, Bernville; Chaplain, Mrs. 
^ora Schaeffer, Kutztown; Secre- 



tary, C. H. Zimmerman, Pioneer; 
Treasurer, Francis H. Zerbe, Bern- 
ville; Gate Keeper, Allen Fink, 
Kutztown; Ceres, Mrs. Elda Kline, 
Fleetwood; Pomona, Mrs. Florence 
Focht, Shartlesville ; Flora, Mrs. 
Harry Stoudt, Marion; Pianist, Mrs. 
William Sunday, Virginville. 

Hostesses 

The following members of the host 
Grange served lunch: Mrs. Verna 
Behm, Mrs. Mabel Stern, Mrs. 
Estella Titlow, Mrs. Emma Guldin, 
Mrs. Daisy Snyder, Mrs. Annie Zettle- 
moyer, Mrs. Lillie Rahn, Mrs. Ida 
Fenstermacher, Mrs. Ida Betz, Mrs. 
Beulah Diehl, Mrs. Helen Hoch, Mrs. 
Verna Loch, Mrs. Margaret Guinther 
and Mrs. Catherine Pensinger. 

SALEM GRANGE 

POMONA HOST 

With the sessions marked by a 
fine attendance, considering condi- 
tions and the busy season on the 
farm, Pomona Grange, No. 5, Colum- 
bia and lower Luzerne Counties, met 
recently as guests of the Salem 
Grange and devoted the morning ses- 
sion to the reports of the Subordinate 
Granges and other business. Jack 
Fairchild, of Berwick, Pomona Mas- 
ter, was in charge. A chicken dinner 
was served at noon by the host 
Grange. The autumn meeting will be 
held at McKendree. 

Dr. M. E. John, of State College, 
presented by Paul G. Niesley, county 
agent, spoke on the requirements of 
social life in rural areas. The farm 
labor program was explained by Mr. 
Niesley. 

Mrs. Marjorie Megargell, Orange, 
Pomona Lecturer, had charge of the 
programs, and following the opening 
song of "Smile, Smile, Smile," after- 
noon session featured a report on 
farm legislation by George S. Welsh, 
Orange, Pomona, legislative chair- 
man. 

Fathers present were presented 
with carnations in connection with 
Fathers' Day. The session concluded 
with the singing of "Twilight Is 
Stealing." Supper was provided by 
the host Grange. 

Class Obligated 
The evening session opened with a 
period of "pep" songs, Mrs. Palmer 
Heller, directing. A class was obli- 
gated in the Fifth Degree and busi- 
ness was concluded. 



ALLEGHENY POMONA MEETS 
WITH PENN GRANGE 

Allegheny County Pomona Grange, 
No. 42, met June 5 with Penn 
Grange. There was a good attend- 
ance and the meeting was interesting 
and profitable. 

Ten candidates were instructed in 
the Fifth Degree. Reports were read 
from each of the eight Subordinate 
Granges, and it was reported that 
thirty-one Allegheny County Grang- 
ers are serving in United States 
armed forces. Penn Grange very ably 
presented the annual Memorial Serv- 
ice. 

County Agricultural Agent Eby 
gave an illustrated talk on labor sav- 
ing aids in hay making, and Miss 
Bewick, County Home Economics 
Advisor, gave interesting facts con- 
cerning Food Preservation. 

It was decided to hold the next 
meeting on September 4 in Pitts- 
burgh, the exact place to be an- 
nounced later. 




HONORED 

Spring Valley Grange No. 814 at the 
regular meeting June 7, honored the 
oldest member, the occasion being the 
90th birthday of Lucretia Penrose. An 
appropriate program was followed by re- 
freshments. 

Mrs. Penrose was born and reared in 
Bedford County, and spent most of her 
life there. She was married January 29, 
1874. Husband died several years ago. 
She and her husband were both Charter 
Members of the original Spring Valley 
Grange No. 814, it having been organized 
in their home nearly sixty-six years 
ago. — Fred. Ickes. 

HORST DISCUSSES 

FOOD SITUATION 

"Subsidies only prolong payment 
of the food bill, are a pull toward in- 
flation and we must be concerned 
about the factors that cause inflation 
and those that will prevent," State 
Secretary of Agriculture Miles Horst 
said here in an address before the 
Washington County Pomona Grange. 

"The Grange and all farm organ- 
izations are opposed to all subsidies 
and always will be," Secretary Horst 
declared. 

"Mounting food costs cause con- 
sumers to jump on the farmer with- 
out real knowledge or understanding 
of the farmer's difficulties," he con- 
tinued. "The farmer is not asking 
for subsidies. He is only asking for 
a square deal. More consideration for 
the farmer and his problems will 
block black markets." He asked that 
farmers be given the same incentive 
offered war industry groups. 

"Our Present Food Situation" was 
the subject of Secretary Horst's ad- 
dress. Advocating Victory Gardens, 
he stated "there is a moral factor in 
tilling the soil." 

With clever application he re- 
viewed the seven years of plenty and 
the seven years of famine in Biblical 
Egypt. Saying America is in the 
seventh year of abundant crops, he 
asserted: "The thing. that amazes me 
is that with only 50 per cent of the 
normal manpower on the Pennsyl- 
vania farms the farmers are display- 
ing remarkable loyalty, willingness, 
sacrifice and patriotism. The people 
of the United States did not wake 
up soon enough to the importance of 
food in the winning of this war." 

One of the largest classes in the 
history of Washington County Po- 
mona Grange was initiated in the 
Fifth Degree at the concluding ses- 
sion of the all-day meeting. A class 
of approximately 70, including one 
from Butler County, was initiated. 
The degree work was directed by Mrs. 
Robert B. McNary, North Strabane 
Grange. . 



SOMERSET POMONA IN 

QUARTERLY SESSION 

Somerset County Pomona Grange 
met in quarterly session with Frie- 
dens Grange on June 19. 

Greetings were extended by D. L. 
Weigle, of Friedens, and the response 
was delivered by Ira Friedline, of 
Jenner Grange. 

At the afternoon session a very 
beautiful memorial service for mem- 
bers who died during the year was 
held. The following names of de- 
ceased members were read: Harry 
Afritz, Mrs. Matilda Friedline, 
Simon Lyons, Bruce Hanger, Her- 
man Hay, Prof. W. H. Kretchman 
and Mrs. Lloyd Long. Devotions 
were in charge of Rev. M. F. Foutz, 
of Friedens. The service was in 
charge of Mrs. Dorsey R. Hoffman, 
chaplain of the Grange. Rev. Foutz 
also spoke words of tribute and re- 
spect to the deceased. 

Song — "Jesus, Savior, Pilot Me." 

Poem — In Memoriam by Mrs. W. 
E. Buechley, Pomona Lecturer. 

Benediction — Rev. Foutz. 

Vocal solo — Mrs. Elwood Gastiger. 

Talk — Farm and Home Accidents 
— Miss Miriam Rice, Home Eco- 
nomics Representative in Somerset 
County. 

Talk— Health Subjects— Miss Mar- 
jorie Weaver, of the Somerset County 
Tuberculosis Society. 

Stunts. 

Soil conservation was discovered 
by Mr. W. H. Shoaff, of the Soil 
Conservation office. Mr. S h o a f f 
showed a number of colored slides to 
illustrate his talk. Miss Rice and 
Miss Weaver also both used pictures 
to illustrate their talks. 

At the evening session a reading 
was given by Miss Hosteller. 

Mr. Lloyd Long gave a report of 
the Lecturers' conference held at 
State College during the past week. 

The following resolutions were 
passed — 

"Whereas, There is great danger 
of a terrible food shortage within the 
coming year which has been greatly 
increased by bad weather, scarcity of 
farm labor and machinery, govern- 
ment restrictions, and, 

"Whereas, The need for food will 
increase as time goes by with our na- 
tion called upon to feed conquered 
and oppressed people in addition to 
our own people and soldiers. There- 
fore, be it 

Resolved, That Somerset County 
Pomona Grange go on record urging 
all people through victory gardens 
and farms to produce all the food 
possible in order that none may go 
hungry. 

"Whereas, The public debt is in- 
creasing at a rapid rate into billions 
and billions of dollars without any 
attempt on the part of the federal 
government to reduce unnecessary 
expenses and to cut out unnecessary 
bureaus while at the same time in- 
creasing taxes and calling upon the 
people to buy more bonds to make up 
their deficits. Therefore, be it 

Resloved, That we go on record 
asking and appealing to our govern- 
ment to save wherever possible with- 
out hindering the successful conduct 
of the war, in order that our nation 
does not suffer a financial collapse 
after the military and naval conflict 
is over, and, be it further 

Resolved, That a copy of this reso- 
lution be sent to our congressman 
and our U. S. senators, 

"Whereas, Through the unsuccess- 
ful and futile efforts on the part of 
certain agencies of the Federal Gov- 
ernment to control prices, subsidies 
are now being considered as the solu- 
tion for the problem created, and, 
"Whereas, Subsidiaries are infla- 



[| 



TIGHT BINDING TEXT CUT OFF 



AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY 
STATE COLLEGE PA 



■ ,- ^^^.-^ . rw^ 



r"~"* •^•.■-— -^r^g-= 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



July, 1943 



tionary in nature and contrary to 
sound principles of our system of 
government. Therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That we go on record as. 
opiSosed to silbsidies as a means of 
price control, and, be it further 

"Resolved, That a copy of this 
resolution be sent to our congressman 
and our U. S. Senators. 



HUNTINGDON POMONA 

OPPOSES SUBSIDIES 

Huntingdon County Pomona 
Grange, No. 6, held its second quar- 
terly meeting of the year in the I. 0. 
O. F. Hall, Huntingdon, on June 2. 

The morning session was in charge 
of Pomona Master E. P. Young, and 
was devoted to business and ofl&cers' 
reports. Dinner was served by Harts- 
log Valley Grange. 

The afternoon session was m 
charge of Pomona Lecturer Vera 
Jean Fleming. A memorial service 
was held for deceased members. Song 
by Shirleysburg Grange. Dr. Beatty 
H. Dimit, Overseer of the Pennsyl- 
vania State Grange, gave a timely 
and instructive address on "Sacrific- 
ing for a Just and Durable Peace." 



Song by Hartslog Valley Grange, and 
remarks by State Deputy Harry R. 
Gwin, completed the program. 

The evening session was devoted to 
Fifth Degree work, twenty can- 
didates being initiated in this degree. 

The following resolution was 
adopted : 

Whereas, The use of the subsidy 
plan of avoiding increase of costs to 
consumers if used for one group of 
products or laborers is likely to be 
demanded by other groups, thus de- 
veloping the situation in which each 
group might be receiving subsidies 
that eventually would be collected 



from every group while at the same 
time maintaining unnecessarily large 
numbers of manpower in various 
bureaus and departments to supervise 
these subsidies, thus making the costs 
of government unbearably large. 
Now, therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That this Huntingdon 
County Pomona Grange, No. 6, ex- 
presses to Hon. Miles Horst, State 
Secretary of Agriculture, its approval 
of his denunciation of the subsidy 
plan and recommends that all the 
power of farmer organizations 
throughout this state and the United 
States be used to point out to the 



general public and to govermneitt 
officials and representatives the ultj. 
mate futility of any such plan. Be it 
further 

"Resolved, That where complex 
investigation by the proper depart- 
ment of government finds that He 
costs of certain materials or products 
must be increiprs'^d, that those costs 
be promptly ^'applied to the con- 
Siimer's price now when every able 
■person can find regular employment 
instead of deferring these costs to 
future years when people might not 
be regularly employed and when in- 
comes might be much lower." 



L 



3n inemotiam 



STEPHENS 

WHEKEAS. It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst Sister 
Florence M. Stephens, a faithful member of 
Penn Run Grange. No. 1816. Indiana 
County, we deeply regret the loss of our 
Sister which leaves a vacancy felt by fam- 
ily, Grange and friends, he it .»,.,*„ 
Resolved, We drape our charter for thirty 
days record these resolutions in our Grange 
minutes, send a copy to the family, and a 
copy be published In Grange News. 

IRMA Strong, 
Ethel Moose-, . 
Bertha McFarlaito, 
Committee. 
SUTTON 
Whereas. Almighty God in His supreme 
wisdom has called from her earthly labors 
Sister Margaret Sutton, a faithful member 
of Valley Grange, No. 13o0. 

Whereas, In her passing, the Grange an 
the community has lost a good citizen, a 
good mother, whose tireless energy was an 
Inspiration to her associates. Therefore, be 

It „ 

Resolved, That the members of our Grange 
extend their sincere sympathy to <^^®^.^^" 
reaved family, drape our charter for thirty 
days record these resolutions on our min- 
utes, send a copy to the family, and publisb 
in the Grange News. 

Lloyd B. Wilt. 
C. L. Pentz, 
Evelyn M. Pentz, 
Committee. 
MAGEE 
Since it has been the will of our Heavenly 
Father to take from our midst Sister Laura 
Magee. for many years a member of New 
Texas Grange, a former ofQcer and faithful 
attendant of Pomona Grange, we hereby 

Resolve, That Allegheny County Pomona 
Grange, No. 42, extend our heartfelt sym- 
pathy to her bereaved husband, Brother 
Harry Magee, and publish a copy of this 
resolution In Pennsylvania Grange News. 

r 8. M. MCCUNTOCK, 

W. H. McNees, 
R. J. Cooper, 
W. J. King, 

Committee. 

SWISHER 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 

Father to call from our midst Sister Jennie 

Swisher, a faithful member of New London 

Grange, No. 1326, for years, therefore be it 

Resolved, We extend our sympathy to 

the bereaved family, drape our charter 

thirty days, record these resolutions in the 

minutes, send a copy to the Swisher family, 

have a copy published in Pennsylvania 

Orange News. 
, Bertha McDowell, 

Elizabeth Beale, 
Anna Huston, 

Committee. 

MORRIS — DAVIS 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst Sister 
Sara M. Morris and Brother Samuel B. 
Davis, faithful members of West Cain 
Grange. No. 1365, we deeply regret their 
loss, but bow to the will of the Almighty 
and commit them to the care of Him who 
does all things for the best. 

Resolved, We drape our charter thirty 
days, record these resolutions on our Grange 
minutes and send a copy to family, and 
a copy be published in Grange News. 

edna mowday, 
Lydia Robinson, 
Euzabeth Sheppard, 
Com/mittee. 



Sharin^Skhe Feed 




HPhE feed shortage that everybody 
-*- knew was bound to come "some day" 
is here now. Your G.L.F. mills have been 
able to contract for enough ingredients to 
make about as much feed as they made last 
summer. Each month this summer, your 
community will receive approximately the 
same amount of G.L.F. formula feeds as last 
year. Nobody in Ithaca or Albany or Mt. 
Holly or Buffalo can say how that feed 
should be divided among the farmers of 
your community. It's a job for you and 
your local G.L.F. representative and your 
Patrons' Committee. 

It's a tough job for everyone. It will 
take patience, and tolerance, and fairness, 
and a lot of horse sense. 

Behind the Shortage 

As a G.L.F. member, you have entrusted 
to your Cooperative the job of supplying 
you with feed. Your G.L.F. employees have 
done and are doing everything possible to 
fulfill this trust. Yet today they have to 
report to you that they cannot continue to 
furnish feed in the amounts you would like 
to have. The basic reason for this is simply 
that there are more animals on farms in the 
United States than available feed supplies 
can take care of. A national price structure 
which makes it more profitable for Midwest 
grain producers to feed their grains on their 
own farms than to sell them, has hastened 
the day of reckoning. 

The time has now come when some ani- 



mals will have to go on short rations and 
some may have to be eliminated altogether. 

Can It Be Done Fairly? 

It is relatively easy to figure out how 
much feed a mill can make and then divide 
it up among communities on the basis of 
their last year's use. It is tremendously 
difficult, however, for your G.L.F. man to 
allot the feed fairly among the farmers in 
his community. Just as soon a^ he can 
figure out how much feed each G.L.F. mem- 
ber is entitled to, he will give you this in- 
formation so that you can make your plans. 
In order to do it, he will have to check care- 
fully his records of past purchases. He will 
have to know how much livestock you have 
now and what you plan to keep. 

He will do his level best to be fair, and 
if you think he has made a mistake he will 
be glad to restudy the case with the District 
Manager. 

This feed shortage is the greatest chal- 
lenge that G.L.F. meimbers and their em- 
ployees have ever faced. It can be solved 
by the same method that built this organ- 
ization — that is, cooperation. Cooperation, 
backed by patience and horse sense. 



G.L.F. 



Cooperative G.L.F. Exchange, Inc., Ithaca, N. Y. 



THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE 




Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 187D 



VOL. XL 



HARRISBURG, PA., AUGUST, 1943 



No. 5 



Farm Organizations Oppose 

Subsidy-Roll Back Program 

Strong Statement Issued in Washington 



THE American Farm Bureau 
Federation, the National 
Grange, the National Council 
of Farmer Cooperatives, and the 
National Co{>perative Milk P r o - 
ducers Federation, oppose addition of 
the Taft amendment to the House 
resolution temporarily extending the 
life of the Commodity Credit Cor- 
poration. This amendment savors of 
congressional approval of the prin- 
cipal of subsidies both to consumers 
and producers by way of putting a 
Congressional blessing upon admin- 
istrative acts which may or may not 
have been legal. Such action, in 
view of the known majority opposi- 
tion of both Senate and House to 
subsidies for roll-backs of retail 
prices of foods or subsidies in lieu of 
necessary price adjustments to pro- 
ducers to secure and maintain ade- 
quate food production, would be a 
farcical surrender of a fundamental 
principle. 

"We believe such action would be 
most distasteful not only to the vast 
body of hard-working tillers of the 
soil who are fighting a war on the 
food front to save American insti- 
tions which would be sadly impaired 
by the imposition of unneeded and 
unwanted subsidies but also to the 
majority of American people. 

"We ask the Senate to kill the Taft 
amendment and any other amend- 
ment which would permit unrestrained 
use of subsidies during Congression- 
al recess. W^e also point out that the 
six-month extension of the life of 
the Commodity Credit Corporation is 
unnecessarily long if Conji^ress is of 
a mind to prevent during its recess 
the fastening of subsidies upon the 
American public so thoroujifhly that 
the people receiving subsidies may, 
hy the time Congress returns, be 
afraid to change the situation. For 
that reason we also hope that the 
'Senate in eonsiderinp: the House 
resolution will safeguard the expendi- 
ture of funds and the use of Govern- 
nient credit to prevent subsidies from 
becoming an integral part of our 
economy. 

Sterile Formula 

'The sterile formula of subsidies 
Cleans so many more billion dollars 
added to our already inflated eeon- 
oniy. It means the passing on of our 
furrent food bill to l>e paid by our 
boys returning home after the war, 
ftnd by future generations. It means 



the eventual break-down of our en- 
tire economic system with its inevi- 
table train of social unrest, chaos, 
and evolution into dictatorship. 

"This should be clearly understood 
by all : 

"1. The subsidy program is the 
shortest and surest route to credit 
inflation. Credit inflation is the 
most dangerous type of inflation. 
Credit inflation destroys the total 
value of money. 

"2. Subsidy programs in lieu of 
fair prices are not suited to Amer- 
ican needs. They irritate and dis- 
tress producers. They reduce pro- 
duction. 

"3. Subsidy programs help the con- 
sumer very little. 



"4. Subsidies are a vicious attempt- 
to vassalize great masses of the peo- 
ple making them dependent econo- 
mically and politically upon 'the 
centralizing power of government.' 

"5. Subsidies have neither pre- 
vented inflation nor black markets 
in England whose moves are 
prompted by an economy in reverse 
of our own. 

"6. An argument of sophistry has 
been advanced to the effect that those 
opposing subsidies had offered no sub- 
stitute plan to combat inflation. Well 
considered programs have already 
been ^ff^red and we call attention to 
the fact that the Administration pre- 
sented its own anti-inflation plan to 
Congress. That plan became law in 
January, 1942. In September the 
Administration asked for further 
power which was granted in the act 
of October. 

In this and other acts Congress 
has given the Administration full 
authority to stabilize wages and 
prices. It now remains with Con- 



gress to absorb the excess purchasing 
power of the Nation by immediate 
and drastic additional taxation. 

"The roll-back subsidy program is 
a desperate effort on the part of the 
Administration to appease the un- 
warranted demands of labor leaders 
and to cover up its own failures to 
use effectively the very broad powers 
it already possesses to control in- 
flation. It has failed to prevent the 
worst wage inflation in the history 
of the Nation. Today we are reap- 
ing the consequences in increased 
production costs, which necessarily 
require some adjustments in price 
ceilings. 

"Now the Administration is em- 
barking upon a colossal debt inflation 
and thereby avoiding paying fair 
prices for food in the market-place 
and avoiding the collection of suf- 
ficient taxes to drain off the ever- 
growing volume of excess purchasing 
power. 

"Of all forms of inflation, debt in- 

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Master and Past Masters of Big Beaver Grange No. 1578, Lawrence County. The picture was taken at a meeting 
celebrating the 30th anniversary of the organization of this grange. Reading from left to right, they are: Front row: 
Wm. Jenkins, John Bronson, Wendel Walker, Wm. McCullough, and John Scott. Second row: Frank Jenkins, Herbert 
Leslie, James Beatty, Jos. Wilson, and Dale McHattie. Third row: Clifford Douthitt, Wm. Shannon, Alex. Leslie, Aubrey 
Reno, Sterrett McAnlis, and Alex. Scott. Back row: Francis McChesney, Chas. Stewart, and Chester Leslie. 



' n 



tt 



J: 






Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1943 : August, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



■ S;.- 


• 


... 'X - :>-. 




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i . ■ 

1 



A LOT OOING ON IN THIS PICTURE- 



AND A LOT GOING ON IN INDUSTRY 



It's big, dramatic. You can see 
it. But you can't see the idea 
that made it. 

You can't photograph ideas. 
But they win wars. They make 
jobs. They make prosperity. 
They make well-being. 

They used to come as a revela- 
tion once in a while, almost like 
a miracle to an individual. Now, 
there are teams that insure them. 

Groups that keep ideas flow- 
ing. People who know how to 
dip into the wealth of nature for 
what they need. 

They are scientists. They work 
together in laboratories. 



They are working at the Bell 
Telephone Laboratories. Thou- 
sands of them. This is the big- 
gest industrial laboratory in the 
world. Once its work was all 
telephone. To help your voice 
reach any one, anywhere. Easily, 
quickly, at low cost. Now it's 
war. Day and night. Seven days 
a week. 

Our fighting men see the re- 
sults of American research every 
day. 

BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM 

Help the tvar by making only vital 
calls to war-busy centers. That*s more 
and more essential every day. 




OPPOSE SUBSIDIES 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

flation is the most dangerous and 
disasterous. 

"We are now at the crossroads of 
national policy. There can be no 
compromise on the question of sub- 
sidies in lieu of fair prices in the 
market-place." 

Edward A. O'Neal, President, 

American Farm Bureau 

Federation. 

Albert S. Goss, Master, 

The National Orange. 

Ezra T. Benson, 

Executive Secretary, The 
National Council of Farmer 
Cooperatives. 

Charles W. Holman, Secretary, 
National Cooperative Milk 
Producers Federation. 



USE PASTURE FOR HOGS 

TO SAVE GRAIN FEEDS 

L. C. Madison 

Pointing out that the feed situation 
is critical, L. C. Madison says that 
every farmer who is growing hogs 



should do everything he can to save 
grain regardless of whether he has 
it on the farm or has to buy it. 

He suggests that available grain 
be supplemented with pasture. If 
regular pasture is not established 
and available, some soybeans planted 
for a hay crop can be fenced off the 
big field and used as pasture for the 
pigs. Also, clover and alfalfa fields 
from which hay has been harvested 
make very desirable pasture. 

There still is time to get Dwarf 
Essex rape established as a pasture 
for breeding stock and fall pigs. This 
should be planted as soon as possible 
on a reasonably good seedbed. Broad- 
cast the seed at the rate of 8 pounds 
an acre. With normal weather con- 
ditions, the crop should be ready for 
pasturing in about six weeks. 

More than 400 pasture demonstra- 
tions conducted by the Agricultural 
Extension Service of the Pennsyl- 
vania State College show that 133 
pounds of grain are saved in the pro- 
duction of every hundred pounds of 
pork when pigs are on pasture com- 
pared to feeding of pigs in drylot. 

It is expected that the protein feed 
shortage will become even more 
serious during the coming winter. 



THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 

REV. W. D. KEEMER 



VACATION 

The month of August has for many 
years been considered as vacation 
time, and in normal times more peo- 
ple take their vacation in this month 
than at any other time. However, I 
presume that fewer people are plan- 
ning to take a vacation this year 
than for many years past, not only 
because of the tire and gasoline short- 
age, but every loyal American feels 
the necessity of staying at work to 
produce the many things so much 
needed to help make this a better 
world for this and coming genera- 
tions. 

I do think that those of us who 
are spending long hours every day at 
the task of trying to produce food 
for a hungry world should not for- 
get that we owe it to ourselves and 
to our families to take some time 
from our work to help keep our 
physical condition at its best. We 
can have the beneficial results of a 
vacation without going on a long 
trip if we pause awhile from our daily 
avocation, and seek some quiet shady 
nook near our own homes where we 
can find rest for our bodies while we 
read some good books and literature 
which will make us better intellectual- 
ly. Anything that will help us to 



forget, at least for the present, the 
worries and cares that come to every- 
one of us will be beneficial, and any 
change from our regular toil will be 
restful for it is trite but true that 
Change is Rest. 

We have sometimes heard folks say 
boastingly that they never take a va- 
cation, and our observation for many 
years has been that these people sel- 
dom have many of the joys of life 
and usually fail to reach the allotted 
years of man upon the earth. 

In these days when so many seem 
to think it is necessary to work seven 
days in the week, and that under the 
present conditions we are justified in 
so doing, may I kindly say that the 
law of the Great Eternal has never 
been changed and the nation, the cor- 
poration or the individual who think 
they can go on breaking God's law 
will some time pay the penalty. Our 
human minds and bodies are so cre- 
ated that we must have at least one 
day's rest in seven, and sometimes 
longer periods of rest, and change if 
we are to accomplish all that our 
Creator intended that we should do. 

Rest is not quitting this busy 

career. 
Rest is but fitting one's self to 

life's sphere. 



Every farmer who will have hogs to 
feed then should cut some good qual- 
ity alfalfa, clover, or soybean hay 
which he can grind and include in 
the grain ration during the winter. 

Recent experiments indicate that 
as high as 10 or 12 per cent of ground 
legume hay can be fed successfully to 
growing and fattening hogs and that 
breeding stock can use 15 to 20 per 
cent efficiently. Knowing these facts, 
the farmer who is a good manager 
will plan to have a supply of good 
legume hay ready for feeding his 
swine. 

In explaining the feed shortage, it 
is estimated that the United States 
has 30 per cent more livestock this 
year than in normal years. The feed 
crops in sight are only 70 per cent of 
last year's production, and only about 
half of the usual supply of animal 
proteins is available because of war 
conditions. 



LABOR IS SAVED WITH 

NEST HOUSE ON RANGE 

H. H. Kj^uffman 

When pullets lay on range they 
often hide their nests on the ground 
or nests are provided that are diffi- 
cult to keep clean. That immediately 
causes a labor problem, because a 
longer time is required to pack eggs 
when many of them need cleaning. 
Darkened nest houses are a simple 
piece of equipment that can do much 
to save labor in gathering the eggs 
and keeping eggs clean. 

A practical nest house for about 
300 laying pullets is about 5 feet 
wide, 8 or 10 feet long, and about 5V2 
feet high at the eaves. That allows 
for three or four tiers of nests on 
each side, and a 3-foot aisle in the 
center. The layers enter the nests 
from the aisle and the eggs also are 
gathered from the aisle. One nest 
perch about 30 inches above the floor 
is ample for all the nests. 

The nest house should be boarded 
up all the way, except for a slatted 
door on one end and slats on th^ other 



end the width of the aisle. Those 
slatted ends and the openings under 
the eaves provide ventilation. The 
instincts of chickens are to select 
their nests in darkened places and, 
for that reason, there usually is not 
much trouble to get pullets to use the 
nests where the light is subdued. 

A nest house should be set on good 
sod so that the pullets must walk 
through the wet grass during wet 
weather to get to their nests. 



ISN'T IT THE TRUTH? 

You should get our NEW Prices 

BEFORE U BUY 

SEEDS AND FERTILIZER 
FOR FALL SEEDING 



A Penny Postal Card will 
bring th«m to you 



SPECIAL OFFER FOR GRANGE 
PURCHASING AGENTS 



KEYSTONE GRANGE EXCHANGE 

HARRISBURO. PA. 

Classified Ads. 



FOR SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle — Cows, 
Heifers, and Young Bulls. Sybil 
breeding. Also Chester White Hogs. 

J. A. Boak & Sons, New Castle, Pa. 

C. J. BAINBRIDGE, Syracuse, New York, 
Grange Badges, Buttons, Regalia and supplies 
of every description. Official and the recog 
nized standard everywhere. Send for catalog. 

BABY CHICKS OF QUALITY— Leghorns, 

Anconas, Hampshires, White Rocks, Reds, 
Nelson's Poultry Farm, Grove City, Pa, 



STATE GRANGE WILL 

MEET AT WILLIAMSPORT 

The Executive Committee has se- 
lected Williamsport as the Conven- 
tion City for the Seventy First An- 
nual Session of the Pennsylvania 
State Grange. 

The Lycoming County City has 
well demonstrated its hospitality to 
Grange delegates, having been host 
to seven previous sessions of the State 
Grange. "Watch for further an- 
nouncements in later issues of 
Grange News. 



COMING EVENTS 

Aug. 19 — Blair County Po- 
mona meets at Bald Eagle. 

Aug. 19 — Chester and Dela- 
ware Pomona meets at Encil- 
down Meeting House. 

Aug. 21 — Bradford County 
Pomona meets at LeRays- 
ville. 

Sept. 4 — Berks County Pomona 
meets at Bernville Commun- 
ity Hall. 

Sept. 4 — Allegheny County Po- 
mona meets with Montour 
Valley Grange. 

Sept. 10 — Huntingdon County 
Pomona meets at Warrior's 
Mark. 

Dec. 14 — Pennsylvania State 
port. 
Grange meets at Williams- 



FOR REPORT TO 

NATIONAL GRANGE 

Mail 

To: the Chairman of your State 
Grange Home Economics Com- 
mittee, not later than Septem- 
ber 15, 1943. 

1. Did your committee buy a Bond 

or War Stamps in 1943? 

If so, how much? 

2. Was Salvage Work done by your 

Grange ? 

3. Did you have a Health Program? 

Nutrition Program? 

4. Was Garden Work emphasized in 

your Grange? 

5. How many people in your Grange 
are serving in the Armed Forces? 

(both men and women) 

6. Do you have a Service Flag? 

7. Was Red Cross Work carried on 

by your members? 

8. Did your members make them- 
selves as food self-sustaining as 

possible ? 

9. Are your members doing Defense 
work such as Airplane Observa- 
tion, Air Raid Wardens, etc.? 

10. What was your own 1943 pro- 
ject ? 

11- What do you consider the most 
important accomplishment made 
along Home Economics Work in 

your Grange? 

12. List activities of your Home 

Economics Group 

•>a. Are you raising money to pay 
tlic (lues on your members in tlie 

aniiod s(>rvicos? 



FOREST FIRES 

INCREASE IN 1942 

Forest fires last year burned over 
a total of 31,854,124 acres of United 
States woodlands, compared with 26,- 
404,385 acres in 1941, the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture says. The total 
number of fires in the first war year 
was 208,218, an increase of 8,516 over 
1941. 

Of the 31 million acres burned in 
1942, 90 per cent was in eleven South- 
ern States. Acreage loss by regions 
was: Eastern States, 1,362,894; 
Southern, 28,531,119; North Central, 



1,123,421 ; Rocky Mountain, 263,221 ; 
and Pacific, 573,469. 

More than 136 million acres of 
forest land still lack organized pro- 
tection against forest fires, the Forest 
Service reported. This is approxi- 
mately one-fourth of the total area 
classed as needing protection. 



RECIPES 

MiNTADE 

y2 C. water. 

2/3 C. lemon juice. 

V2 C. sugar. 

6 T. chopped mint. 

Boil sugar and water 5 minutes. 



Add chopped mint leaves and lemon 
juice and allow to stand overnight. 
Strain and color with a few drops of 
green food coloring. Pour into a jar 
and store in the refrigerator. Add 
to iced tea, lemonade, punch or any 
combination of fruit juices. 



Prune Fluff 

MjC. prune juice. 

2 T. vanilla ice cream. 

2 T. cream 

Few grains salt. 

Combine all ingredients. W^hip 
with a dover beater until light and 
fluffy. Serve very cold. 1 serving. 



BONDS prevent BONDAGE 



till* ^^^^ 



m%^ 



iiacu^*^^* 




SAVBS TIME 



Build this elevator and you can handle ear corn 
or sacks with fewer hands. To build it economi- 
cally from available materials, follow these simple 
diagrams and instructions. 

ll«vator Trough x Trough may be made of wood or metal. 
Fit the dimensions to your requirements, making the length 
of the elevator 50% greater than the height of your bin 
wall. (When you build an elevator larger than you need, 
materials and power are wasted.) 



Drive t Chain is ideal, if available, but any type of suit- 
able width belting or rope will serve. 

Shafts and Sprockets x The sprockets and shafts are usually 
available from discarded farm machinery. (If belt or ro{>e 
is used, pulley may be made from wood.) 

Bearings: Wooden or used metal bearings are satisfactory. 

Flights X Flights may be of hard wood or metal. Space 
about 12" apart. 



V/ew oi Loader 
from Lower End 




Sprocket Wheel— 1±. 



Flight Attachment Links t These may be made by welding 
bolts or plates to standard steel links. Attachments of 
malleable links, however, should be brazed, not 
welded. 

Motor: Use Vz h.p. to 1 h.p., according to speed and load. 

Chain Speed: The desirable speed of the chain is between 
160 and 175 lineal feet per minute. 

Portability: To make this elevator portable, mount it on 
wheels and axles from an old car or wagon. 



fREE Book Tells How to Build New 

Equipment and Make Present 
Equipment Last Longer 

"How to Care for Farm Electric Equip- 
ment" tellt how to build new equipment 
in your own workshop . . . and how to 
lengthen the life of yovir present equip- 
ment. Mail a penny postcard now to 
PENNSYLVANIA ELECTRIC ASSO- 
CIATION. HARRISBURO, PBNNA. 





Electric Companies of Pennsylvania 



MEMBERS OF PENNSYLVANIA ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION • h1<VRRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA 



^ 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1943 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 
Room 426-28, Telegraph Building 
216 Locust Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 

5 cents a copy 50 cents a year 



Vol. XL 



AUGUST, 1943 



No. 5 



Board of Managers 
KENZIE S. BAGSHAW, President, Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

G. MERLE GRIFFIN ALBERT MADIGAN C. M. DAVIDSON 

Smock, Pa. Towanda, Pa. Grove City, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, KENZIE S. BAGSHAW 

Managing Editor, JOAB K. MAHOOD 
427-429 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, 0. WALKER SHANNON 
Hookstown, Pa. 

ADVERTISING is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per inch, 
each insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 

Every Officer Get a Member 

MANY Grange oflScers have made good in getting a new member or in 
securing the reinstatement of a former member. Reports indicate 
that some Granges in all parts of the state have made a real effort 
to arouse each officer to secure a new meniber. Our fiscal year ends Sep- 
tember thirtieth, and it is important that every effort be put forth to put 
your Grange over the top. 



American Farmer 



THE following statement credited to James J. Hill was written several 
years ago: 

"America, where are we going? Neither army, navy nor combination 
or diversity of manufacture, none other than the farm is the anchor which 
will hold through the storms of time that sweep all else away. Our Amer- 
ican farmers are not drawers of water, nor hewers of stone; but architects 
of the world's destiny and day by day they go about writing their epic — 
We serve that men might have their daily bread." 

A fitting and truthful tribute to America's sturdy and patriotic farmers 
who are bending every effort to produce an abundant food supply in spite of 
a most acute shortage of farm labor and machinery as well as the serious 
restrictive price ceilings, roll backs and subsidy programs which lead to 
further regimentation. 

The Grange along with the other major farm organizations of the coun- 
try is rendering a valiant service to agriculture and the country at large in 
pointing out the fallacy of these restrictive and destructive schemes. 



^ • 



New State Secretary 

BY ACTION of the Executive Committee, Brother Joab K. Mahood, of 
Bradford County, succeeds Brother Miles Horst as Secretary of the 
Pennsylvania State Grange. 

Brother Mahood took over the State Secretary's duties July 1. He is 
well qualified for the position, having been active in Grange work in many 
capacities. He twice served as Master of Troy Grange, served as Pomona 
Master four years. County Deputy fifteen years, State Deputy four years, 
and has been Secretary of the Grange Mutual Fire Insurance Company at 
Troy for the past ten years. 



Grange Driving 



INQUIRIES frequently come to the office of Grange Headquarters re- 
garding driving to certain Grange meetings. Under the ruling of OPA, 
driving by members of the Grange to regular business meetings of the 
organization constitutes family or personal necessity driving within the 
meaning of amended Ration Order 5c, effective January 7, 1943. Driving to 
special meetings for social purposes is "pleasure driving" under that amend- 
ment. 

Let us remember, however, that fulfillment of the letter of the law is not 
enoug'h. We are permitted to drive to regular meetings of our order but it 
becomes the responsibility of each of us to make sure that each meeting 
contributes something definite toward the winning of the war. Strong 
programs which keep the membership informed of projects relating to agri- 
culture; maintaining the high morale of farm families; scrap drives: 
bond and stamp sales; Red Cross activities; solving problems of farm 
equipment, labor and transportation; on these and many similar problems 
can we well spend our precious allotment of gasoline. 



Secretary Horst Resigns 

BECAUSE OF my appointment as Secretary of the Pennsylvania De- 
partment of Agriculture, it is necessary for me to resign as Secretary 
of the Pennsylvania State Grange. 
For four years I have served in this capacity. These four years were 
full of pleasant work for an organization whose cause I have thoroughly 
believed in, whose membership I have had the highest regard for, and whose 
future holds great promise. I have made many friends among the Granges, 
which I value very highly. 

May I speak for my successor, Mr. Joab K. Mahood, the same fine 
cooperation that the Grange membership has given to me. I know he merits 
it and will give his whole energy to the welfare of our order. 

Miles Horst. 





HON. MILES HORST 
Secretary of Agriculture 



JOAB K. MAHOOD 

Secretary State Grange 



Food Control 



PLANS for tlie further regimentation of Agriculture through strict con- 
trol of what the farmer shall plant, sow and harvest seem to be matur- 
ing in Washington. 

Reports coming from that city indicate that the Federal Government 
is considering a plan to execute an individual contract with each of the 
Nation's eix million farmers. The contract is said to specify what and how 
many crops can be planted, what fertilizers can be applied and how the crop 
shall be tilled. The Government would fix the selling price of the harvested 
product either on an acreage or a quantity basis and thus, in their opinion, 
prevent an inflation of food prices, especially in the next year when food is 
expected to be scarce. 

The contracts could be readily enforced because the Government already 
controls the distribution of seed, fertilizers, farm implements, gasoline, etc., 
and any farmer who did not "toe the line" would soon find himself out of 
business. 

It is granted that under a set-up of this sort, the Government would 
have a most minute control of Agriculture, could regulate the [)roduction of 
all crops and could even shift the diet of the American people in any 
direction it desired. 

But what of the net results? Would it bring about an increase in the, 
total production of food? Would it increase the efficiency of the farmer? 
Would it help either his morale or his financial condition ? Would it in any 
way benefit the consumer? Quite the contrary! 

So far in this war, the American farmer has made a magnificent record 
of production. A record made under the extreme handicaps of lack of man- 
power, lack of farm machinery and a price for his product not consistent 
with factory wages. The driving impulses which brought him to this record 
were his patriotism, his high morale and the knowledge that he and his 
family have a vital part in this tremendous fight for Freedom. If these in- 
centive^ are taken from him and in their place is substituted a "must" con- 
tract, can we hope for as good results? Any student of history will answer 
"No." Forced labor was never efficient labor. 

Give the farmer less regulation instead of more, let him have the tools 
and the machinery to compensate for the loss of manpower, allow him to get 
a i>rice for his product commensurate with that of industry and labor, and 
with a kindly Providence bringing the sunshine and the rain, tliere will 
be food for all. 



August, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



Mrs. Ethel, H. Ricb- 
ards, Chatrman, New 
Paris. 

Mrs. Georgia Kresge, 
Falls. 

Miss Agnes Bruni- 
baugh, State Col- 
lege. 

Mrs. H. R. McDougal, 
Butler. 

Mrs. Furman Gyger, 
Kimberton. 



I 



WOMAN^S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



CAN FOR VICTORY 

This year nothing must go to 
waste. Every bit of food from the 
Victory Garden should be utilized. 
Your family will need a lot of food 
during the Winter months and you 
will need to save "points" from your 
ration book, so do can, preserve, 
pickle, freeze or dry all available 
foods and fill your cellar and store- 
room to overflowing. 

Many canning clubs are being or- 
ganized where women of the com- 
munity meet and can a variety of 
foods. If we have a surplus we can 
share with others or possibly exchange 
certain kinds of foods with others 
who may have an over supply. This 
is cooperation and a good project for 
any Home Economics Committee of 
the Grange. 

Women of today are challenged to 
do almost the impossible, but they 
have never failed and I am sure will 
rally to every need today. Women of 
this generation are just as ambitious, 
courageous, and patriotic as the 
women of pioneer days. 

They will conserve and preserve 
an abundance. I am sure the pro- 
duce from the Victory Garden will 
be stored right in the cellar to be 
enjoyed during the coming months. 

Never before in the history have 
food problems been so important to 
all Nations. Millions of men, women 
and children have to be fed and there 
are so few to produce the food. Thus 
the production and preservation of 
food is the big job that should enlist 
the help of every person. 

We know not what the future holds 
in store, but if food will win the war 
lets back up our boys with conserva- 
tion of every bit of food and after 
Victory help feed the world and main- 
tain the Peace. 



plate and weight on top. Set crock 
or jar in a cool place. 

When storing watch for mold and 
keep vegetables beneath brine level. 
Directions suggest adding more brine 
if necessary. A small amount of 
tasteless mineral oil may be placed on 
top of brine to prevent some evapora- 
tion and mold development. A clean 
cloth over the vegetables helps to 
prevent the scum from forming. 

Next winter to use salted vegetables 
freshen as any salted food. Rinse 
and soak over night and cook in fresh 
water until tender — season and serve 
as a fresh vegetable. Use salted vege- 
tables in any way a fresh or canned 
ve^^etable can be used. 



SALTING 



Save every garden vegetable. Eat 
it fresh now, or can, salt or dry it 
for next winter. 

Salting is one method of preserv- 
ing your surplus garden foods. Do 
not however use the salting method 
until you have filled all your jars. 
Salted vegetables add variety to the 
menu, but the food value is not as 
niffh as that of canned vegetables. 
Salting saves your standard canning 
jars as they may be crocks, large gal- 
lon glass jars or kegs for food con- 
tainers. Salting also takes less time 
than canning. 

Green snap beans, greens of any 
•^ind, corn and green pepi)ers are ex- 
^^llent to salt. Gather the vegetable 
and prepare. Wash greens as you 
^vonld if they were to be cooked for 
the table, remove both ends from 
string beans— but leave whole, husk 
a'»<l blanch corn 8 minutes in hot 
^^ater, cool and cut from cob. Re- 
^ove cores and seeds from green pep- 
Pers---vegetables now ready weigh. 

^'^ /)ag salt and u.se portion of salt 
•■(''liJirod for each vegetable. 

^«It nnd vegetable weighed. Now 

n:>'*k about a 1-inch layer of your 

'Wtiii)le in 5, ol,..,n odorless crock, 

f or keg. Add layer of salt. Con- 

"'ue this packing until all the vege- 

'aoies and salt are used. Place a 




Vegetables in Brine 



HOME DEHYDRATION 

Dehydration takes no sugar; it is 
simple and economical; and it brings 
flavor variety to winter menus. Tlie 
(luicker from garden to drier, the 
higher the vitamin value and the bet- 
ter the flavor and cooking quality of 
the dried food. 

Dehydration, like television, is 
something the public has heard a lot 
about but has never had the oppor- 
tunity to try out at home. Now, we 
homefolks are going to be able to try 
our hand at it, for home dehydrators 
are being made for public use, and 
are on sale for as little as $10.00. 
They come in four sizes. The small- 
est size called the "Victory Model" 
is believed best suited for the small 
gardener. Its tray holds six pounds 
of fresh, moist vegetables or tuwlrc 
} ounds of fruit. Lima beans, for in- 
stance, can be dehydrated in from 
eight to twelve hours. Apples and 
pears recjuire ten to fifteen hours, de- 
pending on the size of pieces being 
dried. 

The "Kitchen Model," the second 
size now on sale, has twice the cai)ac- 
ity of the "Victory Model. The 
"Porch Model" recimimended for the 
processing of vegl(nnl)les from the 
large farm garden is 4 ft." by 2 ft. by 
• »>i in. high. This deliydrator can 
accommodate from one to two bush- 
els of fresh vegetables each time. The 
still larger type is the "Community" 
used mostly by canning plants. 



The "Victory Model" has five 200- 
watt electric bulbs and sockets in the 
bottoim and a ten-inch electric fan. 
A thermostat records the temiwrature 
which may be controlled by unscrew- 
ing one or two of the light bulbs. 
Vegetables particularly suitable for 
dehydration are lima beans, green 
snap beans, carrots, cabbages, sweet 
corn, okra, green peas, pumpkins, soy 
beans, sweet potatoes, and turnips. 

Home economics suggest that con- 
tainers for dehydrated foods should 
be moisture-vapor-proof, waterproof, 
insect-prcK)f and vermin-proof. Old 
coff(!e tins or preserving jars are ade- 
quate when air tight. Even small 
paper bags which have been paraffin- 
dipped for sealing are satisfactory. 
Store in a dry dark place. Dried 
foods are best if used a short time 
after opening. 



Household Hints 

Mr. Charles Morrs Johnson, of 
Avalon, Pittsburgh, Pa., tells of a 
sure inexpensive cure and immediate 
relief from itchings for that "demon 
of the woods," ivy poison. He mixed 
equal volumes of strong water of am- 
monia and absolute ethyl alcohol to- 
gether and if promptly applied the 
itching stops at once and no blisters 
appear. 

Sulphur will save roses. Black leaf 
spot on rosebushes should be treated 
with a sulphur spray. Dust or spray 
weekly. 

A simple remedy for neuralgia is 
to apply horseradish, prepared the 
same as for table use, to the temple 
when the head or face is affected, and 
to the wrist when the pain is in the 
arm or shoulder. 



Our Fashion and Pattern Department 

All patterns 15c. each In stamp* or coin <coln pref«rred>. 




3227 — This little jumper will keep her happy 
at play. Sizes 4 to 14. Size 8, 1% 
yds. H5-ln. fabric for jumper; 1^ 
yds. 3r)-in. fabric for blouse. 

3573 — The touch of white at the collar and 
cuffs make it look cool and neat 
for summer. Sizes 8 to 14. Size 
12, 2.^ yds. 35.1n. fabric. % yds. 
contrasting. 

2T88 — This jumper is just the thing to 
round out your summer wardrobe 
— it's smart and easy to make and 
wear. Sizes 12 to 40. Size KJ. 
blouse. 1% yds. .35-in. fabric; 2% 
yds. S.'i-in. fabrit for the jumper. 

2630— Thi.s dress with its scattering of 
flowers is as sweet as a bouquet. 



Sizes 8 to 14. Size 8, 1% yds. 
35-ln. fabric. % yd. contrasting. 
2779 — This distinctive shirt-maker win be 
your all-round favorite. Sizes 
12 to 48. Size 36, 3% yds. 35-ln. 
fabric % yd. contrasting. 

2512 — You'll feel like a summer evening in 
this dress. Sizes 12 to 42. Size 
3«, 3% yds. 39-ln. fabric. 

2026 — It's a princess in more than style. 
Sizes 12 to 44. Size 36, 3'^ yds. 
35-in. fabric. 

3587 — The scallops running down the front 
make this dress as dainty as a 
seashell. Sizes 2 to 8. Size 4, 
^Vj yds. 35-ln. fabric for Jumper; 
1 yd. 35-ln. fabric for blouse. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 
427 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1943 August, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



OUR JUVENILE GRANGES 

MRS. LUCY SHUMWAY, Wyalusing 



"The flowers withered on their stems, 
The leaves hung limp and wan, 
Within the trees a wistful breeze 
Whispered and was gone; 
The sky reached down a sweating 
hand 
And pressed the wearied land." 

In the ancient Roman calendar the 
months which now bear the names of 
July and August were called Quintil- 
is and Sixtilis, as they were then 
the fifth and sixth months of the 
Roman year. Mark Anthony had the 
name of the fifth month changed to 
July in honor of Julius Caesar. 
Octavianus, the nephew and adopted 
son of Csesar finally succeeded to his 
power and was made emperor. The 
Senate gave him the title of Augus- 
tus, meaning venerable or revered. 
And it is by this title that the world 
came to know him. As July had been 
named for his uncle, Augustus de- 
cided that a month should also bear 
his name. He chose the month fol- 
lowing July because this was the 
month in which he had received the 
allegiance of all Roman soldiers, had 
conquered Egypt, had ended all the 
civil wars, and had been admitted 
to the Roman consulate. 

You Juveniles who are struggling 
with victory gardens will more fully 
appreciate the name which was given 
to this month by the Anglo Saxons. 
They called it weod-monath — ^mean- 
ing the month when the weeds flour- 
ish. 

A DAY TO CELEBRATE 

In western Pennsylvania the 27th 
of August is often referred to as 
Petroleum Day, for it was on this 
day in the year 1859, nearly 100 years 
ago, that oil began to flow from a 
well at Titusville. This day which 
marks the beginning of the petroleum 
industry in the United States, is a 
day to be remembered, for from this 
humble beginning has grown one of 
the largest and most important in- 
dustries in our country. Who drilled 
the first well? How did he happen 
to do it? What use did they hope to 
make of the product? How many 
different commodities are made from 
petroleum products today? All of 
this information can be found in a 
good encyclopedia. It is one of the 
great sagas of American history, and 
of special interest today when oil has 
become so terribly important. We 
can easily make an interesting pro- 
gram about it. A little exhibit of 
things made from petroleum will add 
to the value. 



Just at present they would surely 
appreciate his poem, "Rare Roast 
Beef." 
"Some like the sirloin, but I think 

the porterhouse is best, — 
'Tis juicier and tenderer and 

meatier than the rest; 
Put on this roast a dash of salt, 

and then of water pour 
Into the sizzling dripping pan a 

cupful, and no more; 
The oven being hot, the roast will 

cook in half an hour; 
Then to the juices in the pan you 

add a little flour. 
And so you get a gravy that is called 

the cap sheaf 
Of that glorious summum bonum, 

rare roast beef. 
Served on platter that is hot, carved 
with thin keen knife. 
How does this savory viand enhance 

the worth of life; 
Give me no thin and shadowy slice, 

but a thick and steaming slab — 
Who would not choose a generous 

hunk to a bloodless little dab? 
Upon a nice hot plate how does the 

juicy morsel steam, 
A symphony in scarlet or a red 

incarnate dream. 
Take from me eyes and ears and all, 

Oh time, thou ruthless thief. 
Except these teeth wherewith to deal 

with rare roast beef." 



Here is a little exercise taken from 
the sheet of program suggestions giv- 
en us ait the State College conference 
that you Juveniles will like. 

Let your hands form a V 
But don't look at me, 
Let your feet do the same 
And all repeat the name 
"V for Victory." 
Stretch your arms overhead 
And cross to make a V, 
Then all repeat with me 
"V for Victory" 
Let's see you kick a Jap 
Then all stretch tall 
Now, you may be seated 
For that is all. 



do — untie John's shoe lace for in- 
stance. "It" is called back and the 
players begin clapping softly, as he 
goes near John the clapping grows 
louder. If he walks away from John 
the clapping diminishes. By this 
change in the volume of clapping 
"It" discovers that something must 
be done to John. Clapping stops for 
a minute when "It" has discovered 
his victim, then begins again, soft- 
ly if his hands hover near John's 
head, becoming louder as he nears 
John's feet, ending in a grand clap 
as he starts to untie the shoe lace. 

Tail Snatch— an Out-Door Game 

Mark off a playing area for two 
teams. The members of each team 
have pieces of colored ribbon slipped 
under the belt. Red for one team, 
blue for the other (the ribbons may 
be pieces of cloth or paper). These 
"tails" are simply slipped under the 
belt, not tied or fastened. At a given 
signal each team tries to capture as 
many of its opponents' ribbons^ as 
possible. At the end of a given tinie 
the team with the most "Tails" is 
the winner. 

Old Plug 

The old plug is made up of five 
players who stand in single file, each 
firmly holding onto the shoulders of 
the one in front. The one in front 
is the head, the one on the end is 
the tail of the horse. The other 
players stand in a circle, and with a 
large soft ball attempt to hit old 
Plug on the tail. The horse avoids 
being hit by keeping his head toward 
the ball. The player who succeeds 
in hitting Plug's tail then becomes 
the head and the tail goes into the 
ring. 

Locomotive Relay 

(A Good Relay Race For 
Out-of-doors) 

Have five players in each locomo- 
tive. First player runs around stone 
or stake marking opposite goal. He 
returns, runs all the way around his 
own team. When he starts across 
the starting line the second time, the 
second player hooks on behind by 
grasping his belt or placing hands on 
his hips. Both make the complete 
round trip picking up the third 
player and so on until all have made 
the round trip. 



I'd find the baby crickets and tuck 

them in their loeds. 
I'd like to be a fairy and do all this 

and then 
I'd go back home to mother and be 

her child again. 



JUVENILE INSTALLATION 

A very impressive ceremony took 
place in Venango County, recently, 
when the installing team of the Canal 
Juvenile Grange installed the new 
ofiicers of the Oakland Juvenile. The 
team was made up of Donald E. 
Rough, Installing Officer; Paul E. 
Rough, Marshall; Mary Etta Grif- 
fin, Regalia Bearer, and Nathan Grif- 
fin, Jr., Emblem Bearer. These young 
Grangers had all their charges com- 
mitted to memory and performed 
their work in a very creditable man- 
ner. The Oakland Juvenile was re- 
cently organized by Sister Rough, 
Juvenile Deputy for Venango Coun- 
ty, who is to be congratulated on a 
very fine piece of work. 



HE FORGOT 



ANOTHER DAY TO CELEBRATE 

September second is the birthday 
of Eugene Field. Children will like 
to remember his birthdate because 
they love his poems so much. Some 
critics say that nothing so perfect 
in child literature has ever been writ- 
ten as some of his verses. If we let 
children be the judges I am sure they 
would say the same. 

We will enjoy a program of old 
favorites by Field, "The Duel," 
"Wynkin, Blynkin and Nod," "Pitty- 
pat and Tippytoe," "The Sugar-plum 
Tree" and many others. If you have 
your program with the older folks 
they will appreciate sonio of his more 
adult poems. Most people know 
Eugene Field only through his poems 
for children and don't even know that 
he was a noted essayist, translator and 
newspaper columnist. 



"He brushed his teeth twice a day. 
The doctor examined him twice a 

year. 
He wore rubbers when it rained. 
He slept with the windows open. 
He stuck to a diet with plenty of 

fresh vegetables. 
He relinquished his tonsils and 

traded in several wornout glands. 
He golfed, but never more than 

eighteen holes. 
He never smoked, drank, or lost his 

temper. 
He did his daily dozen daily. 
He got at least eight hours of sleep 

every night. 

The funeral will be held next Wed- 
nesday. He is survived by eighteen 
specialists, four health institutes, six 
gymnasiums, and numerous manu- 
facturers of health foods and anti- 
septics. He had forgotten about 
trains at grade crovssings. 



THE TEN SAFETY 

RULES OF HEALTH 

1. Go less, sleep more. 

2. Ride less, walk more. 

3. Talk less, think more. 

4. Scold less, praise more. 

5. Waste less, give more. 

6. Eat less, chew more. 

7. Clothe less, bathe more. 

8. Idle less, play more. 

9. Worry less, laugh more. 
10. Preach less, practice more. 



TWO EVENTFUL JUVENILE 
NIGHTS AT MT. NEBO GRANGE 

On February 22, the Juvenile 
Grange of Mt. Nebo entertained the 
Subordinates with a program, half 
of which was dedicated to celebrat- 
ing the birthday of the Father of 
Our Country, while the remaining 
half was given over to the graduation 
exercises of seven of our very de- 
pendable members. Entering the 
broader fields of work in the Subordi- 
nate Grange were the following: Al- 
bert and Raymond Beatty, Jack 
Pierce, Betty Pollock, Lucille Haw- 
kins, Duane Sprott, and Marion 
Urling. 

On March 10, the newly organized 
degree team ably initiated eight new 
Juvenile members and fifteen honor- 
ary members into their order in full 
form. The work was opened by a 
drill by the members of the degree 
team. 

The members of the team and their 
ofiices are as follows: Master, Dick 
Smith; Overseer, Glenn Hoffman; 
Lecturer, Marlene Sheets; Chaplain, 
Kathryn Urling; Steward, Billy Hoff- 
man; Secretary, Violet Voelker; 
Oeres, Marion Pierce ; Pomona, Gaye 
Urling; Flora, June Hoffman; As- 
sistant Steward, Warren Smith; Lady 
Assistant Steward, Carole Wachter. 

The tableau work was very nicely 
taken care of by the recently gradu 
ated jgroup of girls. 

Mary W. Sprott, Matron. 



GAMES WE LIKE TO PLAY 

Clap it, or Musical Magic 

This game is a favorite with chil- 
dren of all ages and the little ones 
can play it as well as the older ones. 

The children are seated in a circle. 
One player is chosen to be "It" and 
is asked to leave the room. The 
others decide on something "It" must 



A WISH 

Elizabeth Gushing Taylor 

Fd like to be a fairy for just an hour 

or two 
And do the things I know a child can 

never do. 
I'd like to gather honey with dusty 

Bumble Bee 
And help the squirrel gather acorns 

from a tree. 
If Butterfly would take me to Oriole's 

cozy nest, 
I'd snuggle down and breezes would 

lull me off to rest. 
I'd like to gather dew-droi^s that 

sparkle in the sun, 
And learn from Mrs. Spider how 

silken webs are spun. 
I'd climb the furry grasses and bow 

their slender heads, 



You people who are working to w 
J INS will be interested in prograin 
material dealing with health and 
safety. All of us should be interested 
in these for they are of vital import- 
ance today. The Department of 
Public Service, General Mills, Inc. 
Minneapolis, Minn., publishes a safe- 
ty Guide for the Farm and Home 
Front that is very good. Even better 
is the little book "Stop Carelessness 
published by the International Har- 
vester Company, Chicago, 111. Either 
of these pamphlets has enough ma- 
terial for a series of programs. Th^? 
are free. 



SUGGESTION TO ALL 

FRUIT PICKERS 

For convenience try using two o 
more light chains three feet lO^ 
with hooks on each end, to tiejf' 
tween limbs to support ladder. Li"*" 
will be drawn in toward trunk of tree* 
eliminating risk to picker, damage to 
trees, and will prove a real conveni- 
ence. 



THE LECTURER'S CORNER 

O. WALKER SHANNON, State Lecturer 



CHANGES IN AGRICULTURE 

We are facing strenuous times to- 
day. Agriculture seems to be re- 
garded as a guinea pig for all sorts 
of new ideas and practices. We are 
living in a time of basic changes. 
People have and are still changing 
in their attitude toward government. 
This changing philosophy has had a 
profound effect on the governments 
attitude toward people. Government 
control of basic industry such as agri- 
culture is but one result of today's 
thinking. What this may ultimately 
lead to is a matter of opinion. It is 
a question that must be studied by 
farm organizations. We on the farm 
have accepted some controls which 
have been fostered under the guise of 
financial aid of one sort or another. 
We have gradually surrendered much 
of our independent way of living in 
order to obtain the aid. Whether or 
not this process is a progressive or a 
retrogressive one is a matter which 
should be discussed in our own local 
community. Whether we are headed 
toward a time when a marginal 
farmer will be forced to quit as an 
independent unit of production and 
work under more efficient methods is 
also a subject to be weighed carefully 
by you in your Grange meetings. We 
on the farm must realize that the 
days of great decisions affecting the 
whole structure of agriculture are at 
hand. We can have a part in de- 
termining what these decisions will 
be. We, however, are in no position 
to judge what our future course will 
be unless we understand what our 
present problems are. We must in 
our local Grange meetings, discuss 
and do some real constructive think- 
ing and planning for the days ahead. 
The problems which beset agriculture 
today can be solved by the farm peo- 
ple themselves if they are willing to 
solve them. It is well to remember 
also that unless we do our own think- 
ing and planning someone else will 
do it for us. That someone else is 
very apt to be a person without any 
practical training and experience. We 
need also to keep in mind that this 
IS a time when organizations and or- 
ganized efforts are the only ways to 
obtain results. It might well be that 
the traditional independence of the 
farmer is one of the stumbling blocks 
in the road toward organization and 
unity. It might well be that we will 
need to submerge our own personal 
aims and desires as we work for those 
things which will be of benefit to the 
group rather than the individual. In 
?ny event, farm people must organ- 
ize and stick together even if it does 
jnean a temporary personal sacrifice 

they wish to achieve anything ap- 
proaching parity with other segments 
ot our population. It is your job, 
Worthy Lecturer, to so plan your 
nrpgrams that you impress upon the 
"iinds of your membership the im- 
portance of daily events, emphasizing 
inose which particularly affect agri- 
^'"'ture. In doing this, it is well to 
»o've local problems first and then 
^raaually expand until you are con- 
•aenng problems of national and in- 
srl"t^^^"^^ importance. Your Grange 
peaks for agriculture in your com- 
munity. You must be sure that it 
•peaks accurately. We do not mean 

eiim"^ ^^ ^^® *^°^^ *^^* y^" should 
_ nunate from your programs the 
^ntertaining features which are so 
.^cessary m maintenance of morale 
'ural America. We only mean 



that you have a greater responsibil- 
ity than just entertaining people. 
Have your good time but along with 
it have good solid information so 
that your members may go home sat- 
isfied that the evening spent at 
Grange was worth while. 



FARM LABOR 

The job of recruiting, training, and 
placing farm labor has been placed 
in the hands of the Agricultural Ex- 
tension Service. The Extension is 
doing a good job on this very im- 
portant matter. They can however 
use help. Most labor supplied to 
farmers this year is inexperienced. It 
needs to be trained so that it can be 
used to the best advantage. This is 
where you can be of help both to 
the farmer or his employee. Your 
County Agent or the Farm Labor As- 
sistant will be glad to help you ar- 
range a job training demonstration 
at your Grange meeting. You will 
be rendering a definite service to 
agriculture by taking advantage of 
this service. 



SPELLING BEE 

Your attention is directed to the 
fact that entries for the State Wide 
Spelling Bee are now due. Please 
send these in as soon as possible. We 
hope you will make an effort to have 
your county represented at the An- 
nual State Meeting. 



RESPONSE TO PROGRAM 

PLANNING CONTEST 

Response to the Program Planning 
Contest has been very disappointing 
this year. There are probably a num- 
ber of major reasons for this and we 
know it does not mean that Lecturers 
are failing to plan their programs in 
advance. We combined the last two 
periods and the winners are listed 
below. Will you please send in your 
programs the last day of August? 

Winners 

Mrs. Philip Strittmater, Banner 
Grange. 

Mrs. Jennie Bartholomew, Har- 
mony Grange. 

Mrs. Olive Lindenberg, Plum Creek 
Valley Grange. 



PROGRAMS 

Helping the War Program 

Song — Tenting Tonight. 
Poem — Back of the Flag. 
Talk — Preventing Inflation. 

(Worthy Master Goss' article. Na- 
tional Grange Monthly, May, 
1943). 
Open Discussion of Subject. 
Recitation — The Eggs That Never 

Hatch. 
Roll Call— How Can We Raise Mon- 
ey to Buy a War Bond ? 
Game — Dark Horse. 

Provide each person with pencil 
and paper — turn out lights and 
tell each one to draw a picture 
of a horse eating oats out of a 
box and print OATS on the box 
— turn on lights and judge draw- 
ings. 

Buying the War Bond 

Song Fest. 

Collection — Each member give a war 
stamp or money to contribute to- 
ward the Grange Bond. 

Reading — The Market Basket — By 
Edgar Guest. 



Address — Types of War Bonds — 

(Local Postmaster). 
Reading — Ode to a Horse. 
Talk — The Emergency Farm Labor 

Office (County Labor Director). 
Bowling Game — Use ordinary large 
rubber ball and ten ketchup bottles. 
Mrs. Philip Strittmater. 



THE CHICKENS 

Said the first little chicken. 
With a queer little squirm, 

"I wish I could find 
A fat little worm." 

Said the next little chicken. 
With an odd little shrug, 

"I wish I could find 
A fat little bug." 

Said the third little chicken. 
With a sharp little squeal, 

"I wish I could find 
Some nice yellow meal." 

Said the fourth little chicken. 
With a small sigh of grief, 

"I wish I could find 
A little green leaf." 

Said the fifth little chicken. 
With a faint little moan, 

"I wish I could find 
A wee gravel stone." 

"Now, see here," said the mother 
From the green garden patch, 

"If you want any breakfast. 
Just come here and scratch." 



THE EGGS THAT 

NEVER HATCH 

There's a young man on the corner. 
Filled with life and strength and 

hope. 
Looking far beyond the present. 
With the whole world in his scope. 
He is grasping at tomorrow. 
That phantom none can catch; 
Today is lost. He's waiting 
For the eggs that never hatch. 

There's an old man over yonder. 
With a worn and weary face. 
With searching anxious features, 
And weak uncertain pace. 
He is living in the future, 
With no desire to catch 
The Golden now. He's waiting 
For the eggs that never hatch. 

There's a world of men and women. 
With their life's work yet undone, 
Who are sitting, standing, moving 
Beneath the same great sun; 
Ever eager for the future. 
But not content to snatch 
The Present. They are waiting 
For the eggs that will Never hatch. 



BACK OF THE FLAG 

Grace Noll Crowell 

Back of our armies, back of our flag 

there stand 
The able, faithful farmers of our 

land — 
The men and women toiling side by 

side. 
Doing their work with dignity and 

pride, 
Knowing full well the part that they 

must play 
In the awful, bitter struggle of 

today ; 
Knowing that should they fail there 

would be lost 
A cause so vital none could count 

the cost. 

They serve so quietly, for they have 

learned 
Earth's secrets well. Their silver 

disks have turned 
The long, dark furrows, and the seed 

they sow 
Must bear the nation's food that men 

may grow 
Strong for this war. These women 

and these men. 
Serving our land that peace may 

come again, 
Their sons and daughters aiding them 

that we 
As a great nation ever may be free, 
Serving our country that our flag 

may fly, 
Forever a bright symbol on the sky 
Of hope and justice. O dear God, 

for these 
We thank thee now upon our bended 

knees ! 

"The philosophy behind the Execu- 
tive order setting a top limit of what 
man is permitted to earn is the phi- 
losophy of levelling off at the top, 
of taking from those who have and 
giving to those who have not. How 
different the principles of Lincoln, 
Civil War President, who said: 

"'Property is the fruit of labor; 
property is desirable, is a positive 
good in the world. That some should 
be rich shows that others may become 
rich, and hence is just encouragement 
to industry and enterprise. . . . 
Let not him who is houseless 
pull down the house of another, 
but let him labor diligently to build 
one for himself, thus by example as- 
suring that his own shall be safe from 
violence. ... I take it that it is best 
for all to leave each man free to ac- 
quire property as fast as he can. Some 
will get wealthy. I don't believe in a 
law to prevent a man from getting 
rich; it would do more harm than 
good.' " 



When answering advertisements be 
sure to mention Grange News 




Lest 
You Forget 



Before U Buy 



Seeds and Fertilizer for Fall seeding get our NEW prices. 
A penny postal card will bring them to you. 

Special Offer to Grange Purchasing Agents, 

KEYSTONE GRANGE EXCHANGE 



430 TcUgraph Building 



HARRISBURG, PA. 






TIGHT BINDING 



AqR|GULTURAL LIBRARY 
giATE COLLEGE PA 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



August, 1943 



AMONG THE GRANGES 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



On May 7 Washington Grange met 
at the home of Brother Thomas 
Walker and wife, this being the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of their mar- 
riage. Brother Walker is serving his 
second term as Pomona Master of 
Washington County. 

The news travelled that we were 
having the meeting and our neigh- 
boring Grange Prosperity joined in 
the celebration. By nine o'clock 
more than eighty Grange members 
and friends had gathered. Brother 
Hough, of Washington Grange, 
opening the meeting. The National 
Anthem was sung, and Brother Ham- 
il, of Prosperity Grange, led in 
prayer. 

The bride and groom of twenty- 
five years ago were asked to come 
" forward. Brother and Sister Walker 
were presented with a selection of 
I)oems by Rev. Calvin French, of 
Prosperity Grange, also a nice sum 
of money. Mrs. Annetta Lee, of 
Washington Grange, gave the couple 
a silver plate, with sandwich plate in- 
cluded, also a (birthday cake. Brother 
and Sister Walker responded gra- 
ciously, explaining that it was very 
much of a surprise to them. 

Miss Emma Carrons carried out an 
impromptu program of readings, 
music, extemporaneous talks, and 
group singing. Those taking part 
were Eli Grable, James Dever, Rev. 
French, Sarah Clark, Helen and 
Alice VanKirk, Brother Hough, D. 
L. Post, and Mont Auld. R. M. Day 
composed a quartette which rendered 
several selections. Brother Hough 
called on County Agent El wood Ful- 
ton, Vocational Supervisor David 
McClay, W. G. Wilson, and R. M. 
Day, each giving talks helpful to 
agriculture and fitted to the happy 
occasion. 

Visitors included members of Buf- 
falo, Davis, North Strabane, Wash- 
ington, and Prosperity Granges. 
Lunch was served by the host and 
hostess. All guests departed at a lato 
hour, wishing the couple many re- 
turns of this happy occasion. 



tlie Fifth Degree in the evening. A 
basket picnic event preceded the eve- 
ning session of Pomona. 

Greetings were extended by Rich- 
ard Wohlberg of the host Grange. 
Andrew Teachman responded, stress- 
ing the Grange responsibility in this 
period of global war. Because of the 
aibsence of the Pomona Master, the 
Lecturer presided in the afternoon 
and the Overseer in the evening. Mrs. 
Letitia Ryder and Mrs. Gertrude Kel- 
logg sang a duet accompanied by Miss 
Ramona Baker. Miss Baker then 
gave several numbers of her own se- 
lection. 

The Lecturer, Phyllis D. Orben, 
gave a short war sketch and intro- 
duced a home economics leader, Bes- 
sie Owens, who spoke on food ration- 
ing, and balancing of the family bud- 
get. The Rev. Dow Kirkpatrick gave 
a talk on the Home Front, and urged 
fighting with bomb-shells of religion 
and advocated temperance in all 
things for a pure conquest of the 
forces of the enemy. Emily Case 
talked on the different forms of gases 
and also told of her o^bservations 
while on the west coast and on her 
return from that sector. 

Resolutions adopted included one 
condemning the use of alcholic bev- 
erages in army camps and on the 
fighting fronts. 



GRANGE REPORTS 

June reports coming to the Secre- 
tary's office indicate that the "Every 
Officer Get a Member" campaign is 
really bearing fruit. 

Marion Center Grange No. 1910, 
Indiana County, heads the list with 
a not gain of thirty-one new mem- 
bers. Paul Walker is Master t)f this 
up and coming Grange and Pomona 
Master James Fulmer is the Assis- 
tant Steward. Following closely are 
Mt. Pleasant, No. 1687, Mercer Coun- 
ty, with a net gain of twenty-five; 
Granville Center, No. 309, Bradford 
County, with twenty-four and Har- 
rold. No. 1984, Westmoreland County 
with twenty-three. Altogether, forty 
six Subordinate Granges report a net 
gain of ten or more members. Mercer 
County has four Granges on this 
Honor Roll, while Lycoming, Indiana 
Crawford and Juniata have three 
each. 



boys and girls; and a program par- 
ticipated in by Granges throughout 
the county. 



3n illemortam 




3)n iilemoriam 



GRANGE FAIR CANCELED 

There will be no Grange Fair in 
1943. For the first time since 1892 
there will be no tent town on Grange 
Park at Centre Hall during the last 
week of August. This was the unani- 
mous decision of the Grange Fair 
Committee at a recent meeting. All 
members deeply regret the cancel- 
lation of an annual event which be- 
gan 69 years ago as a Granger's Pic- 
nic in Leach's Woods, on the Brush 
Valley Road west of Centre Hall. 
That picnic grew into a fair that was 
an annual rallying place for thous- 
ands of people in our own and adjoin- 
ing counties; a place for the ex- 
hibition of the county's home and 
farm products; a week of activity 
marking the culmination of a year's 
work for vocational school and 4-H 



GRANGE BLOOD DONORS 

On June 7, 1943, the following 
members of the Mt. Nebo Grange, 
No. 1872, went in a group to the Red 
Cross Blood Bank in the Wabash 
Building, Pittsburgh, Pa.: Mrs. 
Frank Hartman, Theodore Hoffman, 
Mr. Orion King, Mrs. Orion King, 
George Martin, Mrs. Herman Schuler 
George Smith, James Sprott, Mary 
Sprott, and Harris Wachter. 

The group has planned to make 
another visit to the Bank early in 
August and hope more members will 
find themselves able to donate their 
blood to this most worthy cause. 



RAYMONDSKILL VALLEY 
GRANGE HOST TO 

POMONA NO. 64 

Monroe-Pike Pomona Grange held 
their summer meeting with Ray- 
mondskill Valley Grange on June 19, 
and passed a number of vital resolu- 
tions extending the cooperation of 
the Grange in patriotic and Grange 
lines, together with the adoption of 
resolutions of sympathy to families 
who have lost members since the 
March meeting. The program opened 
in the afternoon and concluded with 



KLINE 

In Memory of Howard C. Kline, member 
of Howard Grange No. 297, Whereas, it has 
pleased our Heavenly Father to call from 
our Grange to join the Great Grange beyond 
our beloved brother, Howard C. Kline, 
Therefore be it 

Resolved, That we bow in humble submis- 
sion to our Great Master beyond, and that 
a copy of this resolution be sent to the 
bereaved family, as well as being spread on 
the Grange minutes and the same printed 
in the Grange Nkws. 

Harry E. Lkathers, 

W. R Hall, 

O. C. Wkavrr, 

Committee. 

HENRY 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to call from our midst Brother Blair 
Henry, a member of Penn Run Grange No. 
1816, we deeply regret the loss of our 
brother, but bow to the will of the Almighty 
and commit him to the care of Him who 
does all things for the best. 

Resolved, We drape our charter for thirty 
days, record these resolutions in our Grange 
minute.s, send a copy to the family, and a 
copy be published in Grange News. 
Irma Strong, 
Ethel Moose, 
Bertha McFarland, 

Committee. 

GRIMES and YOUNG 

Whereas, An Allwise and Merciful God 
has removed from our Grange at Prosperity, 
Pa., No. 1520, two of our charter members, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Patterson Grimes and Mrs. 
Elizabeth Day Young, highly esteemed for 
their loyalty and christian characters, be it 
therefore 

Resolved, That we extend our sympathy 
to the bereaved families, that we bear testi- 
mony to their loyalty and fidelity, that we 
drape our charter for thirty days, and that 
a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
families, and that a copy be published in 
Grange News, and a record be made In our 
Grange minutes. 

Rev. J. C. French, 
Mrs. Mary M. Day, 
Mrs. Mary S. Parkinson, 
, Committee. 

TREES 

Since it has been the will of our Heaven- 
ly Father to call from this life Joe C. Tr»'es, 
a member of Hope Grange No. IS.'Sl, we 
hereby 

Resolved, That we extend sympathy to the 
bereaved family, drape our charter for 
thirty days, and publish a copy of these 
resolutions In the Pennhylvania Grange 
News. 

Mrs. Viola H. Gabohch, 
Mrs. Ira B. Crawkoro, 
Mrs. t'MAH. D. Andkkhon, 

Committee. 



WiiEREAf=!, A member and 
former officer of Worth Grange 
No. 1421, Butler County, Cor- 
poral Howard G. Sipe has been 
called to make the supreme sac- 
rifice for his country on the 
field of battle, and 

Whereas, The Grange and 
community regret deeply the 
loss of so estimable a young 
man, and owe to our brother 
whose body lies in faroff North 
Africa, as a result of his effort 
in our behalf, a debt of grati- 
tude we never can repay. 

Resolved, That we extend our 
sincere sympathy to the be- 
reaved family and commend 
them to the keeping of Him 
who knows and cares when his 
children sorrow. 

Resolved, That we drape our 
charter, send a copy of these 
resolutions to the family, record 
them in our minutes, and pub- 
lish them in the Pennsylvania 
Grange News. 

Fanny Cooper, 
Harriet Wimer, 
Committee. 



3.00 
.40 

4.00 
.35 

3.25 
.2(1 
.50 
.50 
.15 

.60 
6.00 
3.00 
.75 
.60 
2.75 
.60 
.75 
.70 
2.75 
.75 
.45 
.50 
.25 
.40 
.40 
.30 
.30 
.01 
.01 
.15 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

CJrango Souls $5 

Digest 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, jier set of 9 

New P'lfth Degree Manuals, single copy 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 

Constitution and By-Laws 

Degree Work, First 4 degrees by Dr. Rankin 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony 

Song Hooks, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen * 

per dozen 

per half dozen 

Dues Account Book 

Secretary 's Record Book 

Labor Savings Minute Book 

Treasurer 's Account Book 

Jilank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 

Roll Book 

Application Blanks, per hundred 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred 

Treasurer 's Receipts 

Trade Cards, each 

Demit Cards, each 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) 

Grange Radiator Emblems ^ 

Ohio State Grange Cook Books, each " 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany tb* 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Orange for which ordered- 

By order of Executive Committee, 

JoAB K. Matiood, Secretary' 




isi 



Elntered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL XL 



HARRISBURG, PA., SEPTEMBER, 1943 



No. 6 



Encouraging School Attendance 

in War Time 



MANY parents are in a state of 
indecision as to what should be 
their attitude toward the ques- 
tion, "Shall my fifteen-year-old be al- 
lowed to quit school and go to work or 
should he be encouraged to continue 
his schooling in a time like this?" 
The answer to the question is not the 
same for all parents, but looking at a 
few of the experiences others have 
had and seeking the opinion of those 
who have observed, counseled, and 
worked with large numbers of chil- 
dren, may help the earnest seeker to 
arrive at a satisfactory answer. 

A desire on the part of the child 
to be patriotic, the ease with which 
jobs can be found, the pay envelope, 
the general tension and unrest 
coupled with a failure to realize the 
importance and value of education 
for the future, are issues which face 
both children and their parents. 
Along with these wartime-created 
pressures are others that have long 
confronted parents. There is the 
child who has not particularly cared 
for school and leaving to take a job 
looks as though it would solve every- 
thing. Children are lured away from 
school in search of more freedom and 
independence which they think can 
be had with money of their own. 
Parents may encourage employment 
of their children for financial gains 
for themselves or they may think 
that through work the child is learn- 
ing more than he would at school. 

The need for additional manpower 
at the present time is a critical one. 
It is imperative that every effort be 
put forth to win the war as soon as 
possible, but the well-being, health, 
and education of youth must be 
guarded. The surplus of adults 
should be exhausted first. The War 
^ianpower Commission states that the 
nrst obligation of youth even in war- 
time is to take full advantage of their 
educational opportunities in order to 
prepare for war and post-war services 
and for the duties of adult citizen- 
ship. 

More Valuable Than Money 

^ Ihere is danger of over-emphasiz- 
jng the value of the dollar and over- 
looking some of the other less tangible 
values. Many of the most important 
things in life cannot be bought with 
money. Dr. Joseph Miller, a promi- 
nent psychologist, states, "Children 
Should have a chance to develop a 
"lature sense of values and a well- 
f>alanced social approach before they 
are exposed to the temptation to 
gamble with such precious commodi- 
ties as friendship, good will, and 



smooth social living." One would then 
know that it does little good to amass 
money at the expense of his fellows, 
his government, or any other part 
of human society." A sound, well- 
balanced sense of values is developed 
through education, which is guidance, 
and experience. Parents and teachers 
share in this development. 

Often children leave well-focused, 
vocationally sound training programs 
to go into work services to which they 
are poorly adapted. Schools are mak- 
ing great adjustments in order that 
they can fit their program into the 
war effort. Courses that train stu- 
dents for specific work are being con- 
ducted. Hours are being adjusted so 
that young people can fit into part- 
time and seasonal work. Guidance 
and counseling are available. Sc"hool 
programs are being accelerated to 



enable students to finish their work 
in a shorter time. 

Representatives of the Children's 
Bureau, U. S. D. L. in Washington 
questioned 14-, 15- and 16-year-old 
boys and girls who had left school, 
secured work permits and taken jobs. 
The following paragraph is taken 
from their report: 

"All the boys and girls interviewed 
had had more than one job; some 
had had several during the few 
months they had been out of school. 
Uncertainty, emotional instability, 
and physical and mental immaturity 
were marked characteristics of these 
young workers. They did not know 
what to expect in the working world 
or how to get along with their em- 
ployers and coworkers. If conditions 
did not suit them in one job, the 
thing to do, it would seem, was to 
find another, and since finding jobs 
in these times is comparatively easy 
they were quite independent in tak- 
ing leave of the job they did not like." 

Parents who wish to encourage 



their children to continue school 
should observe the following. In the 
first place, absences should be cut to 
a minimum, for being absent from 
school is a handicap to the child. The 
rest of the class goes on in its studies 
without him and this often puts him 
behind and tends to discouragement. 
If absences are allowed on trivial ex- 
cuses or to do work at home, school 
attendence will gradually assume a 
role of minor importance to the child. 

In busy times like these parents 
and teachers may let other activities 
crowd out the usual PTA meetings 
and visits with the child's teacher. 
These meetings between parents and 
teachers are still important to the 
child's adjustments in school. 

Even more than usual interest in 
the child's school activities should be 
shown by parents. Too often young 
people get the feeling that what they 
are doing is unimportant. They may 
be moved by accounts of what others 
are doing in the war effort and feel 

(Concluded on page 2.) 




Elks Building at Williamsport. The Seventy-first Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania State Grange will convene 

in the auditorium of this building Decemiber 14, 1943. 



TIGHT BINDING TEXT CUT OFF 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I943 September, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



LI 







BEfflND the victories of our 
fighting men abroad stand 
America's half-billion acres of 
farm lands at home. 

An army of 6 million determined 
farmers work those acres. 

And this is what they are doing. 

They're feeding over 8 million 
men in our armed forces. 

They're sending overseas 5 mil- 
lion dollars' worth of food a day 
on our lend-lease program. 

They're providing food for the 35 
million families busy at home. 

We know, because by far the 



greater part of what they produce 
is carried by the railroads— part 
of the million-and-a-third tons of 
all kinds of freight hauled a mile 
every minute of the day and night. 

Like the farmers, the railroads 
have lost many of their men to 
Uncle Sam. And they have to get 
along with little or no new equip- 
ment. 

But, also like the farmers, they are 
determined to do their level best 
to meet all the demands made 
upon them — to back up to the 
limit the men who fight for our 
free American way of self-reliance, 
enterprise and initiative. 



C«*Tlo, 



American P % Railroads 



THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 



REV. W. D. KEEMER 




SCHOOL DAYS 

As I write these lines, many thou- 
sands of American children and 
youn^ people are preparing- for the 
opening; of school, and when you read 
them another school year will have 
hegun with hundreds of children 
attending their first session of the 
public school. 

With pleasant memories we recall 
those early autumn days more than 
fifty years ago when on the first 
morning of school, we scampered off 
bright and early to be sure to get the 
seat we wanted in the little one-room 
schoolhouse, which proved to be the 
only school we were ever privileged 
to attend. When I started to school 
there were no free text books, and 
none of the conveniences of the 
modern schoolroom. Very few of my 
teachers had had the privilege of a 
college education, but many of them 
knew how to teach and how to en- 
courage boys and girls to make the 
most of their opportunities. Many 
changes in the public school system 
have come since then, most of them, 
we trust, are wise, some perhaps are 
not. 

We believe every parent or guard- 
ian should see to it that their children 
are in school everyday unless illness 
prevents, and should help the teach- 
ers to keep them interested in their 
studies, in order that they will see 
the value of an education and will 
strive hard to secure one. 



We regret very much that it is not 
possible for many of our young men 
to resume their college work this 
year, but do most earnestly hope and 
pray that the time may speedily come 
when they can again take their places 
in the halls of learning. 

We have frequently heard folks say 
to those who are going to school to 
be sure to have a good time, for it is 
the happiest and best period of their 
lives. Often they leave the impres- 
sion that it is the only happy experi- 
ence of life, but let us remember that 
Life is very largely what we make it, 
and we can be as happy in mature life 
as in school days. We are glad that 
our schools today are striving to 
train both the mind and the body so 
that our boys and girls may be physi- 
cally strong as well as mentally alert 
as they come to take their places in 
the great School of Life. Sometimes 
we are led to believe there is a lack 
of moral training which is so essen- 
tial if one is really to make a success 
of life, and since many homes fail to 
exercise moral restraint, it places a 
greater responsibility on the church 
and the school. 

What a marvelous opportunity the 
Grange has to help build good moral 
character in both the young and old. 
Many of our programs should include 
some good material on character 
building. We never get too old to 
learn, we are all in life's school, and 
may we learn well the lessons of Life 
from the Great Teacher. 



SCHOOL ATTENDANCE 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

that they too must "get in the swim" 
by quitting school for full-time em- 
ployment. 

Boys and girls need responsi- 
bilities. This may seem contrary to 
the opinions of these individual 
young people. Yet when given re- 
sponsibilities and helped to meet 
them, they get that feeling of worth- 



whileness which is one of the assets 
that comes with having a job. How- 
ever, responsibilities which are not 
met are more detrimental than hav- 
ing no responsibilities. Parents are 
confronted with the task of devising 
ways to see that children accept re- 
sponsibilities and meet them success- 
fully. 

The fact that many of the child's 
associates have quit school, taken a 



job, and have money jingling in their 
pockets creates a situation which 
parents of unemployed children must 
meet. From early ages children need 
to be taught the value of money by 
having some of their own to spend, 
by sharing with them the task of 
budgeting family expenses, by talk- 
ing over with them financial prob- 
lems, and by helping them plan their 
expenditures. Children should parti- 
cipate in the family income in a 
way related to their age, needs, and 
ability to take responsibility about 
the house. This is all the more im- 
portant today. 

If the above-mentioned points are 
stressed by parents it will do much 
toward encouraging the youth of to- 
day to continue their education. 

Part-Time Employment 

Part-time employment of young 
people may be a solution in some 
cases. The Children's Bureau recom- 
mends a limit of 3 hours of work 
daily for children 14 and 1.5 years of 
age and 4 hours for those of 16 or 17. 
Full-time work during vacations can 
be undertaken. 

In any instance when children are 
accepting work certain standards 
should be closely adhered to. The 
child should obtain a work permit. 
In order to obtain this the child must 
furnish (1) proof of age, (2) school 
record, (3) employer's "promise of 
employment" (4) doctor's examina- 
tion certificate. 

Farm work is one of the best types 
adapted to children. It can be graded 
to the skill of the child, it keeps the 
child outdoors in fresh air and sun- 
shine, it can easily be done in after- 
school hours and vacation time, thus 
encouraging school attendance. 

It is the responsibility of every 
parent, of every citizen, to do all that 
is possible to promote the well-being 
and health of young people during 



this critical period. An appeal was 
made for community action in be- 
half of young people by the President 
in his May Day proclamation when 
he said, "I call upon the people in 
each of our communities to renew 
their efforts to promote the health of 
children in wartime and to take 
special measures in behalf of those 
boys and girls of high-school age who 
are combining school with part-time 
jobs, working during vacation, or en- 
tering full-time employment, in order 
that their safety, health, and normal 
growth may be fully assured." 

Everyone should be on guard con- 
stantly against subtle trends towards 
youth exploitation. Young people 
should be given as rich and full an 
opportunity for living as it is in our 
power to give. In the words of 
Letitia J. Lytle, Treasurer of the 
National Congress of Parents and 
Teachers, "Whatever may be said of 
this period when the war is over, 
let it never be said that the parents 
and teachers of America's children 
failed those children in the hour of 
their greatest need!" 



MORE PEANUT BUTTER 

The War Food Administration has 
called upon processors to increase the 
production of peanut butter almost 2o 
per cent during the coming year. Un- 
der present plans, production w'" 
amount to 413,000 tons a year. Pea- 
nut butter is counted upon to offset 
shortages of other high protein foods, 
particularly meats. 



Legal Trespass Signs. Bold Letters, Spec* 
Ink, Samples on request 

9 X 11 Inch size 11 x 14 Inch sUC 

12 for $0.35 12 for *Vnn 

35 for 1.00 25 for \}i 

100 for 2.35 100 for ^^ 

We pay the Postage 
Howard A. Smith, Printer, Emmau«, ?•' 

Formerly Bieber & Rlegel 



THE LECTURER^S CORNER 

O. WALKER SHANNON, State lecturer 



WARTIME PICTURE OF 

PENNSYLVANIA GRANGES 

In a recent survey made through 
the Lecturers of our Granges we find 
a very active Grange membership. 
In the 125 Granges reporting we find 
500 of their membership serving in 
the armed forces. Menallen Grange, 
Fayette County, leads the honor roll 
with 23 serving. Nearly every 
Grange reports they have dedicated 
an honor roll and remember their 
boys by letters and gifts. We are 
sorry a few have reported gold stars 
on their flag. 

All but 20 Granges report a sub- 
stantial increase in attendance at 
regular meetings, some of them as 
much as 50% increase. A number of 
those reporting a decrease in attend- 
ance are those having a great many 
in the service. 

A wide variety of wartime activ- 
ities are occupying the lecture hour 
and entire Grange meeting regularly. 
Forty Granges report a varied Red 
Cross program such as blood donors, 
first aid and home nursing classes, 
knitting, dressings, cash donations, 
etc. Twenty-five report buying war 
bonds, fifty have taken part exten- 
sively in scrap drives, about the same 
number are aiding in Civilian De- 
fense work. Many are sponsoring 
F. S. 0. benefit socials and cash con- 
tributions. A few have worked out a 
share-a-ride program for their com- 
munity. N^early all reporting have 
opened their buildings for public 
meetings dealing with the war effort. 
A very few have made their halls 
into a recreational center for young 
people. This is a project we might 
take time to enlarge upon. The boys 
and girls at home are playing just as 
important a part in winning this war 
as those wearing uniforms and cer- 
tainly we need to boost morale when- 
ever we can. Every Grange hall 
should be opened to the young people 
whenever needed. It is more im- 
portant now than ever that we 
furnish wholesome recreation and 
plenty of it for our rural vouth. 

Practically every Lecturer report- 
ing said they found their membership 
enjoyed a varied program with dis- 
cussions, talks, music, and fun. Dis- 
cussions had been held on practically 
every phase of our wartime living 
and in many cases a satisfactory con- 
clusion had been reached by the 
entire membership. More Granges 
than ever before reported cocJperating 
Jith^ the Agricultural Extension 
Service and the promotion of 4-H 
Clubs and Future Farmers. Several 
reported the best program of the sea- 
son was the one given by their Future 
Farmer or 4-H. We are glad to call 
your attention to this and hope that 
those who haven't been making use 
01 these sources of material may do 
so before the close of this year. 

PROGRAM SUGGESTIONS 

Grange Review 

Tableau— "Seven Founders" accom- 
panied by music. 

^ong Service. 

'*nat can we expect when our con- 
gress resumes its vf ork'i— Legisla- 
tive Committee. 

Playlet— "Red Flannels." (May be 
secured from State Lecturer's 
Office.) 

Grange Quiz 

Recreational period ending with a 
circle game. 



Around a Campfire 

Each year we suggest all Granges 
invite the teachers of their com- 
munity to the Grange hall for a re- 
ception. Since this is the ideal time 
of year for a campfire meeting it 
would be very appropriate to invite 
the teachers to your hall and plan 
your entire program around the 
campfire followed by a corn roast. A 
program might be presented as fol- 
lows — 

Song Service — Have several group 
numbers followed by several special 
ont^s with the entertainers appearing 
in costume. 

(A) "My Country 'Tis of Thee"— 
Person leading this song will appear 
carrying the United States Flag. 
Ask all to stand and join in singing 
the second verse and have this fol- 
lowed by prayer. 

(B) "Old Black Joe" — panto- 
mimed by a member appearing in 
Negro makeup. 

(C) "When It's Lamplighting 
Time in the Valley," by a person in 
cowboy outfit. 

(D) "School Days," by a girl and 
boy dressed as school children carry- 
ing books. (Many others may be 
used to suit your talent and re- 
quests.) 

Short Talk — "Local School Condi- 
tions." Teachers may be welcomed 
at the beginning of this and intro- 
duced. 

Story Telling Hour — If you are 
fortunate enough to have a member 
who can tell stories well, use him on 
this program. If you are not, you 
might try the old game of Traveling 
Story. One person in the circle be- 
gins the story, the next person adds a 
sentence and so on around the group. 
Results are usually amusing. 

Poem— "Firelight." 

Candlelighfing Service followed by 
an evening hymn. 

Firelight 

Comrades, the embers are fading; 

Brighter the evening stars glow; 
Twilight to darkness is shading 

Sing ere to slumber we go. 

List, now the bird dreaming yonder. 
Trills a faint song in its sleep; 

Hark, how the breezes that wander 
Whisper their plots to the deep. 

Hush we our stories and laughter; 

From jesting a moment refrain ; 
Tomorrow, may every glad rafter 

Resound with our music again. 

Good night to firelight and starlight; 
Good night to bird song and 
breeze ; 
In dreams stealing softly as moon- 
light. 
Long echo such memories as these. 

(After the candlelighting service 
the same person recites the last verse 
of this poem.) 

Now our campfire fadeth 
Now the flame burns low, 

Now all campfire comrades 
To sleep and rest must go. 

Pumpkin or Squash Program 

"When the frost is on the pumpkin 
and the fodder's in the shock" is a 
festive time to give a program. Have 
the room gayly decorated with fruits, 
pumpkins and leaves. The stage could 
be made very attractive with a dis- 
play of farm produce and canned 
goods grouped around a large cornu- 
copia. At the beginning of the liter- 
ary program, invite all members to 
form a circle in the center of the 



hall. When all are seated pass a 
small pumpkin from one to the next 
around the circle while music is 
played. Beware when passing the 
pumpkin that it does not slip and be- 
come squash. 

When the music stops, the one 
holding the pumpkin is given a 
pumpkin cut out with a number on 
it. Play the game fast until about a 
dozen numbers have been given out. 
Then announce the program. Num- 
bers 1, 2, 3, and 4 form a quartet. 
Numbers 5 and 6 dramatize "Peter, 
Peter Pumpkin Eater"; Number 7 
sing a solo; Number 8 recite a 
poem; Numbers 9 and 10 sing a 
duet; Numbers 11 and 12 debate the 
question, "Resolved that it is better 
to keep a wife in a pumpkin shell 
than not to keep her at all." This 
will furnish the fun for the evening. 
You should also have a good sound 
discussion, talk, or educational 
movie. Refreshments of pumpkin pie 
and a beverage might be sold for a 
nominal fee to help buy that war 
bond. 



STUNTS 



Penny Pass 

Divide membership into two teams. 
Give first member of each team a 
penny. As the starting signal is 
given he is to sing the scale both up 
and back. Pass the penny on to the 
second player who must do the same. 
The first line completing the penny 
pass may be given a bag of peanuts. 
— Fairview Grange, Beaver Co. 

Picture Contest 

Select thirty pictures of well- 
known people. Mount them on card- 
board and number. Place these 
around the hall and have the mem- 
bership write down the name of each 
person. Use some familiar ones as 
Lincoln, some writers, composers, 
diplomats, etc. A framed picture 
makes a good prize for the one with 
the largest number of names correct. 
— Asylum Orange, Bradford Co. 

Automobile Stunt 

Select a number of folk to act as 
different parts of a car. Four for the 
tires, one for the crank, another for 
the motor, two or three for pas- 
sengers. The fun begins when a tire 
goes flat or motor stops, etc. — Troy 
Grange, Bradford Co. 

Irish Stew 

As each person enters the hall, he 
is given a paper with the name of a 
vegetable printed on it and a sheet 
of paper and pencil. The object of 
the game is to keep the others from 
seeing what is on his back, but secure 
the names of as many vegetables that 
are printed on the backs of the 
others. War stamps make a fine prize 
for the one with the longest list. — 
Unionville Orange, Butler Co. 

Shopping Relay 

Players must carry a load of 
empty boxes piled high in their arms 
to a starting point and back. If a 
box is dropped, they must begin over 
again. A paper shopping bag might 
be given as a prize for the one who 
reaches the goal safely first. — Shav- 
ers Creek Orange, Huntington Co. 

Threading the Needle 

Seat two bachelors in a chair giv- 
ing each of them a needle and thread. 
While a lady standing behind each 
blindfolds one eye with her hand the 
bachelors try to thread the needle. 
The joke comes when she removes 
her hand and he is seen with a black 
eye. Men will be unaware of their 
appearance until they look at each 
other. — Plum Creek Valley Orange, 
Indiana, 



The Grocery Store Game 

Appoint a score keeper. Divide the 
players into two teams. The first per- 
son on team A must take the first 
letter of the alphabet and name an 
article found in a grocery store be- 
ginning with it. The first person on 
the second team must name an article 
found in the grocery store beginning 
with the last letter of the first word 
given. One point is given the players 
for each letter in their word. An ex- 
ample of the score sheet might appear 
as follows: 

Team A 



Apples 6 
Potatoes 8 

Team B 
Shrimp 6 
Sauerkraut 10 
Soup 4 



Tomatoes 8 
Total 22 



Total 20 



The game could be limited to a cer- 
tain number of points. — Keystone 
Orange, Montgomery Co. 



COMING EVENTS 

Sept. 1 — Armstrong County 
Pomona meets with West 
Valley Grange. 

Sept. 4 — Berks County Pomona 
meets at Bernville in Com- 
munity Hall. 

Sept. 4 — Allegheny County Po- 
mona meets at Montour Val- 
ley Grange Hall. 

Sept. 10 — Huntingdon County 
Pomona meets at Warriors 
Mark. 

Oct. 22— Columbia & L. Lu- 
zerne County Pomona meets 
at McKendree Hall. 

Nov. 3 — Wyoming County Po- 
mona Grange will meet at 
Meshoppen. 

Dec. 14— Penna State Grange 
meets at Williamsport. 



GIVE SHOES GOOD CARE 

TO MAKE THEM LAST 

Mabel C. McDowell 

With fewer pairs of shoes available 
for each person, who wants to 
squander a pair? Here are a few 
things to keep shoes in good con- 
dition: 

1. Put shoes on properly by using 
a shoe horn to avoid broken counters. 

2. Always put shoe trees in shoes 
when you take them off. If you do 
not have these, stuff losely with 
newspaper. 

3. Wipe off dust before putting 
shoes away, and keep shoes in a dry, 
airy place, preferably off the closet 
floor. 

4. If you have two pairs of shoes 
for walking, alternate them every day 
or two. 

6. Avoid getting shoes wet, but if it 
happens, wipe off dirt and moisture, 
stuff with newspaper or put in shoe 
trees and dry away from direct heat. 
Oil the leather of walking shoes while 
damp. 

6. Runover heels are untidy and 
are bad for posture and comfort. 
Have heels and soles repaired before 
too badly worn. 

7. Keep shoes clean, for clean, 
polished shoes are important to the 
well-groomed person's wardrobe. Get 
the correct cleaner or polish when 
you buy shoes and have your own 
shoe shining equipment. There are 
two types of shoe polish — one for 
smooth leather and one for leathers 
with nap, such as suede and buckskin. 



Paprika, which is used mostly for 
decoration, is a rich source of Vita- 
min C. 



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II 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I943 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 
Room 426-28, Telegraph Building 
216 Locust Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 

5 cents a copy 50 cents a year 



Vol. XL 



SEPTEMBER, 1943 



No. 6 



Board of Managers 
KENZIE S. BAGSHAW, President, Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

G. MERLE GRIFFIN ALBERT MADIGAN C. M. DAVIDSON 

Smock, Pa. Towanda, Pa. Grove City, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, KENZIE S. BAGSHAW 

Managing Editor, JOAB K. MAHOOD 
427-429 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, O. WALKER SHANNON 
Hookstown, Pa. 

ADVERTISING Is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch, 
each insertion. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



Membership 



THE National Grange Executive Committee has extended the "Every 
Officer Get a Member Campaign" to December 31, 1943. 

Prizes of $20, $15 and $10 in each state will be awarded. To 
qualify, a Grange must show a net gain of fifteen members December 31 
over June 30. 

The Grange showing the greatest percentage of net increase in mem- 
bership for the last two quarters of 1943, based on the June 30 report, will 
receive $20; second, $15; and third, $10. 



Booster Night 



THE custom of observing booster night in our Subordinate Granges in 
September by having a special program has been very successful. 

Every Grange Lecturer has a real opportunity, to help make the 
Grange popular in the community by properly carrying out a worth-while 
Booster Night Pro-am. In this program, as in every Grange program, em- 
phasis should be made on some project calculated to aid in the winning of 
the war. Why not have a War Bond and Stamp sales booth or contest at your 
Booster Night meeting? 



These objectives are sound and the last three of them can be best attained 
through the purchase of War Bonds. 

Our government is spending approximately $265,000,000 a day, or more 
than $10,000,000 an hour, in the prosecution of the war. We should lend 
every dollar we can spare. 



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Grange Scholarship Funds 

MANY Patrons are not aware of the fact that the Pennsylvania State 
Grange has two Scholarship Funds — the Home Economics and the 
Ellis M. Santee Scholarship Fund. These Funds were established 
to assist worthy young Patrons in completing their college courses. At the 
present time there is an unused surplus in each Fund which might be help- 
ing a boy or girl of your Grange. A request to the Secretary will bring an 
application blank. 



^ ■ 



Smash the Seventh Column 

WITH every available worker sorely needed, farmers should place 
added emphasis on the effort to "smash the Seventh Column" — 
carelessness that causes 18,000 deaths and more than a million in- 
juries to farm people annually. 

Farming has the highest death toll of six major industries, one out of 
every four occupational deaths occurring in farm homes. 

Inexperienced help increases the accident hazard, but too. often tragedy 
and disaster strike when the experienced farmer grows careless of the mov- 
ing belt, the power take-off, the whirling knives, or the "gentle" bull. 

As one poster strikingly puts it: "Give your blood to the lied Cross — 
not to the Seventh Column!" 



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War Bonds for Farmers 

AS THE Third War Bond Drive gets under way, farm people are ask- 
^ ing themselves, "How much can we do ?" 

The Treasury Department suggests that the farmer should divert 
his available dollars into four separate channels: First, to reduce his debt 
to a point where it can be carried without undue burden ; second, to provide 
a fund for depreciation of farm buildings and equipment; third, for estab- 
lishing financial reserves as a bulwark against unforeseen losses and crop 
failures; fourth, to provide for future improvements in the home and in 
the general standard of living. 



Williamsport To Be Host City To 
Pennsylvania State Grange 

WILLIAMSPORT, selected by the Executive Committee as the host 
of the seventy-first annual session of the Pennsylvania State Grange, 
has long been noted as the city of Homes and Industry. Today it is 
all of that and a bustling bee hive of war activity as well. 

Nestling in the valley of the west branch of the Susquehanna River, the 
city is the center of a rich agricultural territory and within overnight dis- 
tance are the great market places of the east. Indeed, the Community 
Trade Association boasts that within a two-hundred-mile radius of the city 
live approximately thirty-one million people or nearly one-fourth the entire 
population of the United States. Within a few miles of the city are found 
some of the most beautiful mountain scenery of the east and the most 
prolific wild life section of the country. 

Situated in the foothills of the Allegheny Mountains covered with virgin 
forests, the early history of Williamsport was closely associated with the 
lumber industry and the city became known as the lumber center of the 
nation. Many are the tales told of the gigantic lumber rafts which found 
their way down the Susquehanna from this Lycoming county town. 

Peter Herdio 
Among the noted names in Williamsport history there is none so fab- 
ulous as that of Peter Herdic. The rise and fall of his fortunes is so fan- 
tastic as to be almost unbelievable. 

Born of Dutch parents in a small village of New York State in 1824, 
Peter worked for his widowed mother until nearly twenty years of age. He 
received almost no schooling, but he did learn, the hard way, how to save his 
money. At twenty-two he came to Lycoming County and invested his few 
hundred dollars in a shingle-making enterprise in Cogan House Township 
and thus became a lumberman. 

By the time he was thirty by hard work and sharp trading he had accumu- 
lated $10,000 and settled in Williamsport, then a town of 1,600. During the 
next twenty years he became one of the most fabulous characters in Penn- 
sylvania history. He managed the Susquehanna Boom, collecting toll on 
the logs passing through, he built what was then one of the largest and 
best-known hotels of Pennsylvania, he built and operated stores, lumber 
mills, flour mills, shingle mills, a rubber factory, a brush factory, a water- 
works, a gas plant, a church, bought a newspaper and started another one. 
He issued shinplasters for his personal enterprises in times of money 
stringency and paid them in full. He manipulated legislatures and elected 
city and county officials to serve his needs. He i)ersuaded the railroad 
company to build a station a mile outside of town and then forced the 
town to build to the station. He bought and sold more real estate than any 
man of his time. 

He started a town in Bradford County at the famed Minnequa Springs 
and tried to set up a separate county around it. 

And then Peter Herdic failed — failed with a crash that was heard 
throughout the entire east and carried many another man down to financial 
ruin. But saving what he could from the wreck of his fortunes, he started 
over again, and had not death cut short his spectacular adventures, no doubt 
he would have regained much of his former empire. 

Despite all his faults and failings, Peter Herdic is credited with start- 
ing the growth and expansion which has been responsible for much of the 
prosperity of Williamsport, his adopted town. 

Agricultural Relationship 

In few counties of Pennsylvania is there a closer cooperation between 
businessmen and farmers than in Lycoming. The Williamsport Community 
Trade Association has a Chemurgic Committee which has devoted a great 
deal of time toward developing new uses for farm products, and the success 
of the Lycoming County soybean industry, in particular, has attracted 
widespread attention. Both businessmen and farmers combined their efforts 
to organize the Penn-Central Livestock Market where farmers get a satis- 
factory price for their cattle, swine, and poultry. 

Lycoming County boasts seventeen active Granges. One of them* 
Lycova, near the edge of the city, has more than 200 members. Eagle 
Grange No. 1, the first Grange organized in Pennsylvania, is also in this 
county at Montgomery. Pomona Master P. M. Paulhamus and his many 
loyal Patrons are already at work planning for a great session of the State 
Grange in December. 

Information about hotel accommodations and reservation of rooms will 
be found in the October issue of the Pennsylvania Grange News. 



September, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 




Mrs. Ethel. H. Rich- 
»tds,Cbairmm,T>itv/ 

Paris. 

Mrs. Georgia Kresge, 
Falls. 

Miss Agnes Brunn- 
baugh. State Col- 
lege. 

Mrs. H. R. McDougal, 
Butler. 

Mrs. Furman Gyger, 
Kimberton. 






WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



SICK-ROOM SUGGESTIONS 

A nurse of years' experience says 
the greatest help in home nursing is 
to have the bed raised so that bend- 
ing to wait on the patient is elimi- 
nated. Remove the casters and place 
blocks under the bed to raise it to the 
desired height. 

Tilt top trays with legs long 
enough to fit over the patient are 
very reasonably priced. They not 
only provide a tray, but when tilted 
make a rack for book or magazine 
or a writing desk. 

Glass sipping rods such as are 
used in hospitals may well be used in 
the home. They can be purchased at 
any drug store and eliminate lifting 
the patient to give him liquids. 

Three-way pillows provide good 
support for the patient who wants to 
sit up in bed or a temporary device 
is an upturned straight chair with 
pillows against the sloping back. 

And don't forget the pillow under 
the knees or between them to change 
the position of the patient and so 
rest him. 

One woman says her favorite gift 
for sick friends is a baby pillow in a 
plain cover. These small pillows 
bolster up the uncomfortable spot that 
the larger pillows fail to reach. 

And speaking of gifts, a young 
woman seriously ill for six years says 
that it is not the cash value of the 
gift so much as the thoughtfulness 
that brings pleasure. Dozens of roses 
and robes and bed jackets are de- 
lightful and welcome, but so are the 
first sweet peas from a friend's gar- 
den or a rose bud for the breakfast 
tray or a sachet for under the pillow, 
or dusting powder with not too sweet 
an odor, or some special soap, or food 
delicacies temptingly arranged. A 
manicure set pleases the convalescent 
who has heretofore had little time to 
spend on her nails, hand cream, note- 
paper for the invalid's thank yous, 
and, of course, reading material se- 
lected with the patient's tastes in 
mind. 

There are numberless things that 
may be given, but remember the value 
to the patient lies in how much they 
convey of your thoughtfulness and 
affection. 



HOME-CANNED CHICKEN 

CAN AID MEAT SUPPLY 

Lydia Tarrant 

Home-canned chicken will help to 
provide easy-to-prepare meat dishes 
for meals next winter. 

For canning, select plump some- 
J'hat fat birds. Mature birds have a 
•setter flavor when canned than do 
young birds, though the latter may 
i>e canned. 

Dress the chicken as for table use, 
cutting the fowl into the usual sized 
pieces for serving. Wash thoroughly, 
ioung birds weighing less than 31/2 
Ppunds can be packed raw, but older 
l^iras have a better flavor and texture 
'I precooked. The chicken may be 
precooked in the oven at 350 degrees 
Fahrenheit until the red or pink 
jolor disappears, or by putting in 
ooiling water and simmering 8 to 10 
Jiinutes, or by browning lightly in a 
^^^ng pan. 



Pack the pieces of chicken into the 
jar close together, but not too tightly 
so that heat can easily penetrate to 
the center of the jar. Leave a %- 
inch head space. 

To each quart jar, add a teaspoon 
of salt and fill the jar to within a ^ 
inch from the top with water in which 
the chicken was cooked or with 
freshly boiled water. With a clean 
cloth wipe off the top of the jar, for 
a bit of fat here may prevent the for- 
mation of a good seal. Adjust the 
cover and seal according to the type 
used. 

In the pressure cooker at 15 pounds 
pressure, process pint jars of chicken 
with bone for 65 minutes and quart 
jars for 75 minutes. If you are using 
the boiling water bath, process pint 
jars 3 hours and quart jars 3^/^ hours. 
Chicken that is processed in the boil- 
ing water bath must be heated to the 
boiling point for 10 minutes before 
tasting. 

Further information on canning 
chicken is given in Leaflet 99. You 
may get a copy of this from your 
Agricultural Extension office. 



SPICED GRAPE JUICE 

1 tablespoon grated orange rind. 
1 teaspoon grated lemon rind. 

1 two-inch cinnamon. 
6 cloves. 

2 cups boiling water. 
1 quart grape juice. 
Juice of 1 orange. 
Juice of 1 lemon. 
Sugar. 

Boil the orange and lemon rinds 
and spices with the water for 15 min- 
utes. Strain and add grape juice, 
orange and lemon juices, with sugar 
to taste. Serve cold. 




THE fall-winter FASHION BOOK 

FOR YOU WHO SEW! And we know 
that this means YOU, for everybody's doing 
it! Here's just the book you need to help 
you choose good, practical pattern designs 
that are right in step with the times, easy 
to cut and easy to sew! 

The new FALL-WINTER FASHION 
BOOK, just off the press, brings you twenty- 
four pages, in glowing colors, of exhilerat- 
ing fashions for the season ahead, with a 
wide choice for every age and occasion: 

Clothes with the new sleek look 

School clothes, from collegiate to tot's 

Clothes for active country life 

Town clothes, smooth and trim 

Jackets, skirts, suits, blouses and a whole 

page of jumpers 
Layette for the oncoming baby, frocks for 

its mother-to-be 
A page of Christmas gifts to make at 

home and a wonderful quilt design. 

Over 175 pattern designs in this helpful 
book. Price 15 cents or 10 cents when or- 
dered with pattern. PATTERN DEPT., 
PENN'A GRANGE NEWS, 427 TELE- 
GRAPH BLDG., HARRIgBURG, PA. 



CRISP DILL PICKLES 

Pack medium cucumbers about 
five or six inches long into cans with 
stalk of dill in center of can. For a 
two-quart can, take one cup vinegar, 
two or three cups water, two table- 
spoons salt, one-half teaspoon alum. 
Bring to a boil, pour over pickles, 
placing a grape leaf on top of each 
can and seal. 

BRIGHT RED CATSUP 

Wash and cut one peck tomatoes, 
add 7 chopped onions and 2 chopped 



red peppers. Cook rapidly 50-4€^ ffifS^ 
utes, run through sieve. To the pulp 
add 1 tablespoon salt, 1 tablespoon 
white pepper, and 1 cup sugar. Place 
in the pulp a spice bag consisting of 
1 tablespoon celery seed, 1 tablespoon 
mustard seed, and Y^ cup pickling 
spice. Add vinegar to suit taste 
(about 1 cup) and boil until thick as 
desired. Remove spice bag and seal 
in bottles or small jars. 

Add sugar and vinegar at end of 
cooking to hold red color. 



Our Fashion and Pattern Department 

All patterns 15c. rack fai stamps or coin (coin preferred). 




3301 — With a cold winter ahead you will 
need one of these popular Jerkin- 
skirt combinations — good for under 
a coat, or on its own. Sizes 10 to 
20. Size 16. 2% yds. 54-ln, 
fabric for jerkin and skirt ; 2 ydi. 
39-ln. fabric for the blouse. 

2625 — This Jumper is very suitable' i6r 
either In or out of the classroom, 
and It's so easy to make. Sizes 6 
to 14. Size 8, 1 yd. 54-ln. fabric 
for the Jumper; 1^ yds. 35-in. 
fabric for the blouse. 

2769 — A super-shirtwaist dress with nice 
detail in the neckline and pockets. 
Sizes 12 to 48. Size 36, S% yd?, 
36-iii. fabric. "« 

3339 — ^A nice, comfortable house drees to it6 
your chores in, and so easy to 
make with only a three-piece pat- 
tern. Sizes 34 to 50. Size 36, SVi 
yds. 35-ln. fabric with % yda. 
contrasting and 2^ yds. ric rac. 

Just out— the FALL-WINTER FASHION BOOK. Over 150 pattern designs shown 
in full color. Twenty-four pages of exciting styles for you to choose from. Price 16c, 
or only 10c when ordered with a pattern. .,„... 

"111 W) 

ti 

■K 



3350 — Your wardrobe will be incomplete 
without a dress such as this — 
smart and serviceable ; It's de- 
signed for a full-time Job. Size 
to to 20. Size 16, 2% yds. 39-In. 
fabric with 1% yds. 35-in. fabric 
for the dickey. 

2731 — An exceedingly wearable blouse with 
a smooth, fitted peplum. Sizes 14 
to 50. Size 36. 1% yds. 39-ln. 
fabric with 1 yd. ruflBing for the 
short-sleeved blouse; 1% yds. 
39-in. fabric for the blouse with 
% sleeves. 

3569 — A nicely tailored Jumper that will 
take you anywhere. Sizes 12 to 42. 
Size 36, 1% yds. 54-ln. fabric, 
Jumper; 1% yds. 39-ln. fabric, 
blouse. 

2794 — She'll be the pride of the whole 
family in this sweet frock. Sizes 
6 mos., 1, 2 and 3 yrs. Sizes 2 
yrs.. 1% yds. 35-ln. fabric with 
% yd. contrasting and IVi yds. 
ruffling. 



Address, giving number and size: ^ 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 
427 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



1. '.' 






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Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I943 



OUR JUVENILE GRANGES 

MRS. LUCY SHUMWAY, Wyalu$ing 



GOLDENROD 

Frank Demster Sherman 

Spring is the morning of the year. 
And summer is the noontide 
bright ; 
The autumn is the evening clear 
That comes before the winter's 
night. 

And in the evening everywhere 
Along the roadside, up and down, 

I see the golden torches flare 

Like lighted street lamps in the 
town. 

I think the butterfly and bee. 

From distant meadows coming 
back. 
Are quite contented when they see 
These lamps along the homeward 
track. 

But those who stay too late get lost; 

For when the darkness falls about, 
Down every lighted street the Frost 

Will go and put the torches out. 



September was the seventh month 
in the ancient Roman calendar, and 
became the ninth when the calendar 
was revised by Julius Csesar, but its 
name was not changed. Caesar gave 
the month thirty-one days, but when 
the emperor Augustus changed the 
name of the month Sextilis to August 
he took a day from September and 
added it to his month so that it might 
have the same number of days as 
July, the month named for his uncle. 

In Charlemagne's calendar it was 
known as the harvest month, and the 
old Saxon name for it was Gerst- 
monath, or barley month, as barley 
was harvested at that time. After 
the introduction of Christianity it 
was often called Halig-monath, or 
holy month, because Mary the mother 
of Jesus was supposed to have been 
born on the eighth day of the month. 
In Switzerland it is called, Herbst- 
monath or harvest month. In Amer- 
ica it marks the end of the harvest 
season and has long been the month 
in which agricultural fairs are held; 
when farmers exhibit for prizes their 
livestock and produce, and their 
wives exhibit their needlework and 
fine cookery. Today, because of war 
restrictions, we are having few if any 
agjricultural fairs. Will they be re- 
vived when the war is over, we won- 
der, or have they already become a 
relic of the past, along with straw- 
rides and sunbonnets? Anyway, Sep- 
tember will always be the month of 
the harvest moon. This is the moon 
which rises nearest to the autumnal 
equinox. It appears above the hori- 
zon at about sunset for several days. 
The ancients believed that this was 
a special dispensation from the gods, 
enabling farmers to finish their be- 
lated harvesting by moonlight. 

Days We Celebrate 

The only legal holiday in Septem- 
ber is Labor Day, but there are sev- 
eral days in the month which should 
be of interest to American boys and 
girls. Days which offer ideas on 
which you could hang a program, or 
a number on a program. 

I spoke last month about the birth- 
day of Eugene Fields. The birthday 
of Lafayette occurred on September 
6 and that of Baron Steuben on Sep- 
tember 17. We might celebrate these 
two birthdays on the same program. 
It wouldn't do any of us any harm 
today to remember that in the day of 
America's greatest need in the dark- 
est period of the Revolution — a 



Frenchman and a German came to 
our assistance. We have honored 
Lafayette, but school children know 
very little about Steuben who served 
us no less loyally and well. When he 
came to this country he brought with 
him a ship loaded, among other 
things, with seventeen hundred 
pounds of gunpowder, twenty-two 
tons of sulphur, fifty-two brass can- 
non, nineteen mortars and a large 
number of smaller pieces, all of 
which were greatly needed. He wrote 
to Congress saying: "My only ambi- 
tion is to serve you as a volunteer, to 
deserve the confidence of your gen- 
eral-in-chief and to follow him in all 
his operations." Washington made 
him inspector general of the army 
and he immediately began to bring 
order out of chaos. During the 
Revolution he wrote a book, "Regu- 
lations for Order and Discipline of 
Troops." This became the official 
drill book of the United States army. 
See how much else you can learn 
about Steuben. 

The peace treaty with England 
ending the Revolutionary War was 
signed in September. 

The first electric power station in 
the world was opened in New York 
City on September 4, 1892. Just 
think how easily you could make up 
an interesting program in celebra- 
tion of this event. Perhaps someone 
in the neighborhood has an old whale 
oil lamp that they would lend you. 
Another might have moulds for mak- 
ing tallow dips and a grandmother 
could tell you how they were made. 
The story of how we have lighted 
our homes through the ages to the 
present day and the ideas about how 
they may be lighted in the future 
makes an interesting evening's study 
for young or old. 

The first continental Congress met 
in September. 

The Constitution of the United 
States was signed in September. 

The incident of the bombardment 
of Ft. McHenry which inspired 
Frances Scott Key to write the Star- 
Spangled Banner also occurred in 
September. If we do nothing else 
during the month, let us tell that 
story and learn all the verses of the 
song. 



Do you like to make a party of 
your program once in awhile? You 
can do it without too much trouble. 
I saw a group of youngsters having 
an awfully good time at a "Blues" 
party once, and it took very little 
preparation. They had hung a lot of 
blue balloons from the ceiling and 
used blue balloons in several games. 
Probably you couldn't do this be- 
cause balloons are hard to get now, 
but you can cover the electric light 
with blue tissue paper and have some 
festoons of blue crepe paper and right 
away you know you are having a 
party. The Lecturer should be pro- 
vided with a lot of short pieces of 
blue ribbon — or paper will do — to pin 
on the winners of the various events. 
Begin by singing "Little Boy Blue 
Come Blow Your Horn" to the tune 
of "Yankee Doodle." Then divide 
into two or more groups, let each 
group sing it separately. Pin a blue 
ribbon on each member of the group 
which sang best — in the opinion of 
the judges. 

Next let each one try this tongue 
twister — three times rapidly: "Blow 
boy blue, 3\qw blue, blue bubbles." 



Give the winner a ribbon. Have a 
roll call, each one naming a blue 
flower. Give each one about ten sec- 
onds to think. If they answer in that 
time pin on a blue ribbon, if not pass 
on to the next. 

Have another roll call in which 
each answers with the title of sonie 
poem, or story, or piece of music in 
which the word "blue" occurs. This 
is harder so give them a little more 
time to answer. Don't forget their 
ribbons. 

After this use some of the numbers 
mentioned in a little program. Per- 
haps one of your girls can play "The 
Blue Danube Waltz" — or you can 
have it on the Victrola. Have one of 
the girls sing, "My Blue Heaven." 
Give every participant a blue ribbon. 

Some one could give this little 
poem of Frost's, "In Praise of Blue." 

Blue things are lovely: distant hills 
And little lakes beneath the dawn, 

Road chicory and rock harebells 
Where summer's golden steps have 
gone. 

Spring bluets and rare butterflies. 
Fall asters and a river's flow. 

The color of the morning skies. 

Tall hemlock shadows on the snow. 

Blue things are lovely: huckle- 
berries, 
A swallow's slim wings as he flies — 
But loveliest, when twilight tarries 
And I run home, are mother's 
eyes. 

You might use this quiz in which 
the answer to every question contains 
the word "blue." I think your Lec- 
turers will be able to find the answers 
in any good dictionary: 

Sings in the spring? 

A flower? 

A fish? 

A kind of fly? 

Popular name for a sailor? 

A small oyster? 

The fruit of a shrub? 

Fine forage for livestock? 

A small African antelope? 

A learned woman? 

Used by architects? 

A man who killed his wives? 

Give a blue ribbon to the first per- 
son to answer each question. Close 
with a march, single file singing 
"Forty-Nine Blue Bottles"— begin- 
ning with the number of the march- 
ers you have. Have the matron 
choose, in her own mind, several dan- 
ger spots. At the end of each verse 
the person nearest one of these danger 
spots must sit down. For instance, 
the first time it is the one nearest the 
piano, the next time the one nearest 
the door, etc. Get all your bottles 
down, then award prizes — a blue 
necktie to the boy having the most 
blue ribbons and a blue hair bow to 
the girl having the most. Pass pea- 
nuts in the shells wrapped up in blue 
paper napkins. We hope you will help 
the janitor by keeping all your shells 
in the napkin. 

How nice; you have had a blue 
party where nobody was blue. 



The new organization was completed 
on July 1. The Master is Mary Joan 
Gaisford, Lecturer; Shirley Maxwell, 
Matron; Mrs. Austin Maxwell. The 
installation was in charge of Venan- 
go's other Juvenile, Canal, with Don- 
ald E. Rough as installing officer. He 
was assisted by Paul Rough, Mary 
Etta Griffin, Nathan Griffin and Jean 
Lippineott. Mrs. Norman R. Rough, 
of Canal, is Juvenile Deputy for 
Venango County. 

At our conference at State College 
we were speaking of the need of a 
book on parliamentary law which is 
simple enough for use in Juvenile 
Granges. Miss Gertrude Chapin, 
Juvenile Deputy for Lawrence 
County, who is a librarian and 
teacher, promised to tell us where we 
could get such a book or books. She 
sent me the following titles: (Sorry 
they were just too late to get in the 
July issue.) The Main Motion, 
Awana H. K. Slaker, University Puh- 
lishing Co., 239 Fourth Ave., N. Y. 
The price is $1.00. 

Come to Order, by Wines and 
Card, may be obtained from the 
Odyssey Press Inc., 386 Fourth Ave., 
N. Y. The price is 76c. Miss Chapin 
says, "I have found both of these 
books very helpful to children, and 
think every Juvenile should have a 
book on parliamentary law as part of 
their equipment." She suggests one 
of these as a prize for Pomonas to 
give to Juveniles. 



Have had so many letters from you 
this month T haven't time or space to 
speak of all the interesting things you 
have told me. 

Among the new names to enter on 
our JTNS roll we have Willard Juve- 
nile in Lawrence County. 

Bloomfield Juvenile in Crawford 
County. 

Centre Square Juvenile in Mont- 
gomery County. 

Several others report that they are 
working on it. 



We are pleased to learn that we 
have a new Juvenile in Venango 
County. Our second in that county. 



CEREALS PINCH HIT FOR 

POTATOES IN DAY'S MENU 

Eleanor B. Winters 

For some families, the white potato 
is almost nonexistent except for seed 
potatoes. Potatoes are a starchy food, 
supplying the body with heat and 
energy, but there are other foods that 
do the same thing. 

Macaroni or spaghetti can take the 
place of the potato. Either may be 
served with melted cheese, or a cheese 
sauce, or with a tomato sauce 
seasoned with herbs or spices and 
onion. Rice may be served in the 
same way or made into croquettes. 
Boiled rice may be used instead of 
mashed potatoes, serving it with 
gravy from the meat. Rice also can 
be used for the top crust of a meat 
pie. Polished rice, brown rice, or 
wild rice are all equally good. 

Ground beef and uncooked rice 
mixed together, made into balls, and 
cooked slowly in tomato sauce makes 
unusual appearing meat balls called 
porcupines. 

Another good alternate for potatoes 
are noodles, which may be combined 
with ground leftover meat, mush- 
rooms, and gravy, and baked in a 
casserole. 

Bread stuffing seasoned with celery 
and onions has many uses. It may be 
baked separately in a baking dish, or 
used to stuff a shoulder of lamb or 
veal or a beef heart, or rolled into a 
flank or round steak and braised, or 
baked in the pan with the roast. 
These are in addition to the stuffing 
for fowl. 

Yorkshire pudding is another pinch 
hitter for potatoes. The batter 18 
poured into the roasting pan under 
the wire rack in the roaster where it 
cooks in the drippings of the roast. 

If meat stew is on the menu for the 
day, use dumplings instead of pO" 
tatoes, and biscuits with chicken 
gravy means no potatoes are needed. 
Baking powder biscuit dough may be 
rolled into a sheet, spread with 
seasoned ground leftover meat, rolled 
like a jelly roll, baked, and served 
with gravy from the roast. 



September, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



C. H. DILDINE 

One of Pennsylvania's oldest and 
best-known Patrons passed away on 
July 14> 1943, in the death of Charles 
H. Dildine, of Orangeville. 

Brother Dildine was born and 
lived all of his eighty-seven years in 
Columbia County where there are 
many monuments to his cooperative 
leadership. He was active in the or- 
ganization of the Farmers National 
Bank, of Orangeville, and of several 
Grange National Banks throughout 
the state. For forty-eighty years he 
was Treasurer of the Briar Creek 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company and 
acted as adjuster for the company 
for forty-two of those years. 




Brother Dildine was a member of 
the Grange for fifty-six years, having 
received his Golden Sheaf Certificate 
in 1937. He was a Past Master of 
the Columbia County Pomona 
Grange and served the Pennsylvania 
State Grange as a member of the 
Executive Committee for twenty- 
one years. He was elected to that 
post at Erie in 1904 and retired in 
1925. As a member of this committee 
he became known to every delegate 
who attended the state meetings and 
many friendships were formed to be 
broken only by his recent death. For 
the past twenty-six years he was a 
director of the Farmers and Traders 
Life Insurance Company. 

Brother Dildine is survived by his 
wife and four sons, eleven grandchil- 
dren and eight great-grandchildren. 

WAYNE COUNTY POMONA 

Wayne County Pomona No. 41 
met in Freedom Lodge Hall in 
Honesdale on July 28 for an all-day 
session. Lookout Grange reported 
sixteen new members for the quarter 
and were awarded the Honor Certi- 
ficate. Labor Grange reported the 
purchase of a $100 War Bond, and 
the Treasurer also reported that a 
$100 War Bond had been purchased 
tor the Pomona. 

A resolution opposing any form of 
subsidies which would be a burden 
8nd hindrance to our farmers was 
adopted. 

I he Lecturer's program consisted 
of readings, talks, poems, and songs ; 
8nd the Master reported on his trip 
^0 State College for the purpose of 
electing a Board of Trustees. 

An impressive memorial service 
)^as held for members deceased dur- 
''iR the past year. 

It was decided to hold the next 
1 omona Meeting on October 27 in 
^he I. O. O. F. Hall in Honesdale, 
^'•th election of ofiicers in the after- 
noon. 



AMONG THE GRANGES 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



BRADFORD COUNTY 
POMONA NO. 23 

MEETS AT LeRAYSVILLE 

Taking as the theme of the meet- 
ing, "Post-War Planning," Pomona 
No. 23 met with LeRaysville Grange 
on August 21. 

Pomona Master Earl C. Bidlack 
presided at the sessions. The address 
of welcome was given by Elton 
Parker, LeRaysville Master. Stanley 
Green of Orwell Grange responsed 
with suggestions for meeting the post- 
war problems of the Grange. 

The afternoon session was featured 
by the address of Ralph Culver on 
"Post-War Problems of Agriculture." 
Brother Culver stressed the idea that 
Problems of Agriculture are op- 
portunities for farm leaders and 
pointed the way to some improve- 
ments of government agricultural 
policies. 

Among the resolutions adopted was 
one which expressed opposition to the 
Roll -Back Subsidy program. Another 
resolution requested the Master to 
appoyit a committee to make a study 
of school problems, particularly as re- 
lated to the retention of inefficient 
teachers, inequitable distribution of 
school funds and further centraliza- 
tion of authority. 

The spelling contest was won by 
Mrs. Earl Browning of Spring Hill 
Grange who will represent the Po- 
mona at the State Grange contest. 
William A. Spalding of Troy Grange 
was second. 

Vocal and instrumental music was 
furnished by the younger members 
of LeRaysville Grange. 

The Fifth Degree was conferred in 
full form on a class of forty-three 
candidates. 

The closing feature of the evening 
was a panel discussion on the sub- 
ject, "The Peace Conference." 



Wyoming County Pomona Grange 
No. 19 met August 4 as guests of 
West Nicholson Grange No. 321 with 
Pomona Master John Moyer presid- 
ing. The address of welcome was given 
by Sister Amber Shibley, Master of 
West Nicholson Grange, and the 
response was made by J. H. Geist, 
Secretary of Vernon Grange. Reports 
were submitted by twelve of the four- 
teen Subordinate Granges. 

Otto Henry reported on the meet- 
ing at Pennsylvania State College for 
the election of Trustees and gave a 
brief outline of the very vital part 
the College is taking in the war ef- 
fort. He also talked on the conserva- 
tion program concerning the purchase 
of lime. An invitation from Meshop- 
pen Grange to Pomona to meet there 
in November was accepted. 

The Lecturer's Program consisted 
of a vocal solo by Josie Stark; mono- 
logue, "An Apology," Shirley Step- 
hens; song, Elaine Rogers; skit, 
"The Women's Night Television 
Program" by Factoryville members. 
The guest speaker was Mrs. Lucy 
Shumway, State Superintendent of 
Juvenile Granges. Her theme was, 
"Nails Sticking Up." The nail that 
sticks up can be hit the hardest, and 
some of the nails to be considered 
were Intemperance; Considering Our 
Democracy; Our Children in War- 
time, and the Problem of Juvenile 
Delinquency; Nutrition for health 
standards and making ourselves ac- 
cident-conscious; and lastly, to create 
wholesome recreation for the young 
people. This is up to the churches 



and granges in rural communities. 
At the evening session the Fifth 
Degree was conferred upon a class 
of twelve candidates by the Wyoming 
County Pomona Degree Team. The 
Master extended his thanks to the 
degree team for their cooperation and 
creditable work. 



BRADFORD GRANGE 

POMONA HOST 

Clearfield County Pomona Grange 
met August 5 at Pleasant Valley near 
Woodland with Bradford Grange as 
host. Considering conditions and the 
busy season on the farm there was 
an unusually large attendance and a 
splendid program. Mr. Oden Gear- 
hart, Pomona Master, was in charge 
of the morning session which was de- 
voted to reports of Subordinate 
Granges and other business. On ac- 
count of the large attendance it was 
necessary to hold the meeting in 
Pleasant Valley Church which ad- 
joins the Grange Hall. 

Greetings were extended by Mrs. 
Jerome Knepp of Bradford Grange 
and the response was given by New- 
comb G. Parke of Susquehanna. Mrs. 
Emma Frank, Pomona Lecturer had 
charge of the literary program. Dr. 
Jerry Stout of State College, pre- 
sented by W. O. Mitchell, County 
Agent, discussed "Storing Vegetables 
for Winter." The "Farm Labor Pro- 
gram" was explained by W. O. 
Mitchell and Kenneth Shirey. Other 
interesting and worthwhile subjects 
discussed were "Drying Corn" by 
Mrs. O. D. Gearhart and "Recom- 
mendations on the Control of 
Diseases of Dairy Cattle to Meet 
Wartime Needs" by Dr. Theodore 
Jabbs. 

Rev. J. C. Rupp, pastor of the 
United Brethren church of Wood- 
land, delivered a fine talk on "Perse- 
verance." A display of Hobbies by 



Neal Griffith was most interesting 
and beneficial. At the evening ses- 
sion Mr. Griffith delightfully enter- 
tained the large audience with an 
address; his subject was "Sense and 
Nonsense." A program presented by 
Bradford Grange was most enter- 
taining. One of the outstanding 
numbers was the Men's Chorus of 
Bradford and directed by Mr. Price. 
Readings by Mrs. Ross Eshelman, 
Mrs. Mabel McDowell and Mrs. 
Myrtle Knepp were greatly enjoyed. 
Other musical numbers were a solo 
with guitar accompaniment by Betty 
Fink, a vocal duet by Mr. and Mrs. 
Isaac Sayers and violin and piano by 
John Wilsoncrof t and Stanley 
Shirey. 

Dinner and supper were served in 
the Grange dining hall by members 
of Bradford Grange and they are to 
be commended on the splendid serv- 
ice given the visiting members and 
the fine hospitality. There were 35 
initiated in the Pomona Degree at 
the close of the literary program. 
The fall meeting will be held on No- 
vember 4 at Susquehanna Grange 
Hall, Curwensville. 



FOR SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle— Cows, 
Heifers, and Young Bulls. Sybil 
breeding. Also Chester White Hogs. 

J. A. Boak & Sons, New Castle, Pa. 

C. J. BAINBRIDGE. Syracuse, New York, 
Grange Badges, Buttons, Regalia and supplies 
of every description. Official and the recog- 
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by 



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Central Pennsylvania's Largest 



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AQR I CULTURAL LIBRARY 
STATE COLLEGE PA 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



September, I943 



AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY' 
THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLI 



^^a' ^^U 



INCREASE SHOWN IN 
! '' ' TRUCK FARMING 

/] Pennsylvania's canning industry 
continues to be the most rapidly ex- 
panding agricultural pursuit in the 
state. As recently as 1930 Pennsyl- 
.'vania held a minor position in the 
canning industry of the nation. Now 
.ariie Commonwealth ranks as a lead- 
Ji«g canning state, being surpassed 
t>bttly by California, New York and 
New Jersey. The state now ranks 
, fi^6t in the canning of mushrooms, 
apples and apple products, third in 
sour cherries and seventh in tomatoes 
and tomato products. The acreage 
of the four principal vegetable crops, 
..beans, corn, peas and tomatoes, has 
-.more than doubled in the past 10 
years, from 26,000 to 55,000 acres. 
The cash return to Pennsylvania 
growers for these crops during the 
same period has increased from one 
and one-half million to over five mil- 
lion dollars. 

The industry has approximately 
100 active factories in the state with 
an estimated investment of $15,000- 
000, including the dehydrating and 
freezing branches of food processing, 
all of which are closely related in 
contracting and purchasing the raw 
products from the growers, in pro- 
cessing methods, equipment and in 
di8tril)ution. , 

Seciriltary Horst, of the State De- 
partment of Agriculture, states that 
,3thfl Bft^d growth of the canning in- 
sduatry in Pennsylvania is not a 
*€smpfti^ry boom, but rather a basic 
%hiff in farming methods and crop 
rotations. 

Pennsylvania has a favorable cli- 
mate for the production of fruits and 
vegetables for canning; hard-work- 
ing, frugal farmers have made its 
fertile farm lands famous the world 
over. There are none better for can- 
ning crops production and Pennsyl- 
vania being located within a 500-mile 
radius of the East's principal markets 
is situated in the nation's best pro- 
— ^^uction^ area as regards transporta- 
tion and distribution. 



ACRE VALUE OF 

SWEET CORN $33.61 

' The value per acre of sweet corn 
grown last year in Pennsylvania for 
canning is placed at $33.61. That 
figure compares with an average of 
$26.47 for 1941 and the previous 10- 
year average of $22.75. The reports 
place the total production at 35,300 
tons from 14,700 acres, an average of 
2.4 tons per acre. The year previously 
the total was 30,600 tons from 13,300 
acres, an average yield of 2.3 tons 
per acre. 

The average farm value per ton 
last year was $14. The year pre- 
viously it ^as $11.50 and the 10-year 
average was $11. \u\ >\a\ 



WHEAT AS SILAGE 

PRESERVATION 

C. B. Bender, professor of dairy 
husbandry at Rutgers University, 
says wheat is as satisfactory a pre- 
servative for grass silage as corn. 

Describing how to use wheat in 
silage making, Bender says, "the 
grain should be ground fine and ap- 
plied at the rate of 200 to 250 pounds 
fr ton of green alfalfa as it goes 
rough the throat of the chopper, 
ith mixtures of grasses and leg- 
umes, use 150 to 200 pounds per ton 
depending on moisture content. The 
higher the moisture content the more 
^ound is needed. With timothy or 
green cereal grains, add 100 to 150 
pounds of the ground grains per ton." 



SCORE YOURSELF 

ON FOOD WASTE 

In this battle against food wastes, 
each homemaker is her own com- 
manding officer and army. Pride in 
a job well done is her citation. K 
you have been doing your part in this 
way, you can swell that pride by 
checking the quiz below. For every 
"Yes" give yourself 5 points. One 
hundred per cent means a perfect 
score for victory. Less than that 
. . . well, we'll leave the matter to 
your judgment. Is it enough? 

Score for Victory! 

The Delicate Touch Yes No 

1. Do you peel potatoes and 

apples thin ? ( ) ( ) 

2. Do you handle fruits gen- 

tly so as not to bruise 
them? ...() ( ) 

3. Do you store cooking 

greens piled loosely to 

avoid bruising them ? . . ( ) ( ) 

To Sun or Not to Sun 

4. Do you store glassed 

foods, onions, potatoes, 
butter, and flour away 
from the light? ( ) ( ) 

5. Do you scald and sun 

bread and cake con- 
tainers once a week?..( ) ( ) 

To Wash or Not to Wash 

6. Do you defrost your re- 

frigerator once a week 
and wash the entire in- 
terior, including freez- 
ing unit, with warm 
soda water ? ( ) ( ) 

7. Do you wash and drain 

salad greens such as 
lettuce, radishes, and 
celery before storing in 
a cold place ? ( ) ( ) 

8. Do you wash poultry thor- 

oughly inside and out 
and pat dry before stor- 
ing in a cold place ?..()() 

9. Do you leave eggs un- 

washed to retain the 
protective film that 
keeps out air and 
odors ? ( ) ( ) 

10. Do you store cherries, ber- 

ries, and grapes un- 
washed in a cold place ?( ) ( ) 

The Watcher and the Schemer 

11. Do you plan your food 

purchases carefully in 
advance of shopping ? . . ( ) ( ) 

12. Have you observed the 

amounts of food con- 
sumed by your family 
at each meal in order 
that you may prepare 
enough, but not too 
much? ( ) ( ) 

13. Do you save vegetable 

juices for soups, sauces, 
gravies, cold drinks or 
appetizers ? ( ) ( ) 

14. Do you keep cooking fats 
in a clean covered jar 
and store in a cool, 
dark, dry place until 
used? ( ) ( ) 

8— 69280— Grange News— Collins 

15. Do you save bread and 
cracker crumbs for 
poultry dressing, meat 
extenders, and scalloped 
dishes? ( ) ( ) 

Blow Hot, Blow Cold 

16. Do you cool custards 
quickly, cover, and keep 
them very cold ? ( ) ( ) 

17. Do you cool homemade 
cake and breads before 
storing to avoid mold- 
ing? ...( ) ( ) 

18. Do you avoid freezing 
apples and potatoes ?..()() 



19. Do you keep bananas at 

room temperatures ? . . ( ) ( ) 

20. In the hot weather, do you 

store bread, well 
wrapped, in the re- 
frigerator ? ( ) ( ) 




Cooked Salad Dressing 

4 T. melted butter. 
1 T. flour. 

1 C. milk. 

2 eggs, separated. 
1 t. salt. 

1 T. sugar. 

1 t. dry mustard. 

1/2 C. vinegar (less if very strong). 

Blend melted butter and flour in 
top of double boiler. Add milk and 
cook until quite thick, stirring con- 
stantly. Beat the egg yolks, add salt, 
sugar, mustard and vinegar. Stir this 
into the thickened mixture and cook 
until thick. Remove from heat and 
pour on the stiffly beaten egg whites, 
stirring constantly. 

If you want to double your bought 
salad dressing, mix the above recipe 
with one pint of your favorite salad 
dressing and you will have two pints 
at a very small additional cost. 



Mexican Hash • 

2 cupfuls sliced onion 

% cupful choped green pepper 

3 tablespoonfuls fat 
1 pound ground beef 
2^2 cupfuls tomatoes 

% cupful uncooked rice 
1 teaspoonful salt 
Chili powder to taste 

Cook onion and green pepper in 
fat until onion is tender. Add meat 
and fry until brown. Add tomatoes, 
rice, seasoning. Pour into greased 
baking dish and bake for about one 
hour in moderate oven. 



McFEATERS 

Whereas, Our Heavenly Father haa 
called from our midst, Brother Charles A 
McFeaters, a charter member of William 
Penn Grange, No. 1730. Indiana County, a 
brother whom we shall greatly miss for hlg 
faithful attendance and cooperation, be it 

Resolved, That we thus express our aenie 
of loss and extend our sjonpathy to th« 
family, drape our charter for thirty dayg 
record these resolutions in our minutes, aiui 
publish them In the Grange News. 

Grace Bidleman, 
Laura McCachhen, 
OuvB Howard, 

Committee. 

HUTCHISON 

Whereas, It has been our Heavenly Pa- 
ther's will to remove from our mldat, 
Sister Elsie Hutchison, a charter member 
of William Penn Grange, No. 1730, Indiana 
County, former lecturer and faithful 
worker, be It 

Resolved, That we extend our sincere 
sympathy to the family, drape our charter, 
record these resolutions in our minutes, 
send a copy to the family, and publish them 
in the Grange News. 

Grace Bidleman, 
Laura McCachren, 
OuvB Howard, 

Committee. 



JUST SO 

When everything goes crooked 

And seems inclined to rile 
Don't kick, nor fuss, nor fidget; 

Just — ^you — smile ! 
It's hard to learn the lesson; 

But learn it, if you'd win; 
When people tease and pester: 

Just — you — ^grin ! 
When someone tries to "do" you 

By taking more than half. 
Be patient, firm, and pleasant: 

Just — ^you — laugh ! 
But, if you find you're "stuffy" 

(Sometimes, of course, you will), 
And cannot smile nor grin nor laugh: 

Just — ^keep — still ! 

— Anonymous. 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals $5.00 

Digest 60 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 3.00 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy 40 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 4.00 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy 35 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 3.25 

Constitution and By-Laws 20 

Degree Work, First 4 degrees by Dr. Rankin .50 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin .50 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony .15 

Song Books, "The Patron," board covers, cloth, single copy or less than 

half dozen .60 

per dozen 6.00 

per half dozen 3.00 

Dues Account Book 75 

Secretary 's Record Book .60 

Labor Savings Minute Book 2.75 

Treasurer 's Account Book .60 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to Pomona, per hundred -75 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 .70 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 2.75 

Roll Book .75 

Application Blanks, per hundred .45 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred -50 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty .25 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred .4^ 

Secretary 'a Receipts, per hundred .40 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred .30 

Treasurer 's Receipts .30 

Trade Cards, each .01 

Demit Cards, each , .01 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) •!' 

Grange Radiator Emblems .8® 

Ohio State Grange Cook Books, each .75 

In ordering any of the above supplies, the cash must always accompany the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

Remittances should be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Registered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the Grange for which ordered. 

By order of Executive Committee, 

JoAB K. Mahood, Secretarif. 




iv^JBmBh^^^^^ B^^^BK^-^HHfc^f Ji^iBP*^^^^^^^^ ^ ^* • ^^^* » jl 



^| 



^ \ 







• , * 



9 




OFFICIAL ORGAN PEN f*f STATE 



INGE 




»::A-* 



PlTT^aURO 



CHAM ee«SBU«fr J 



Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrlsburg, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL. XL 



HARRISBURG, PA., OCTOBER, 1943 



No. 7 




NEW GRANGE HOME AT WASHINGTON, D. C 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, I943 






v_ 






n 






"IT OUGHT TO GET A WAR MEDAL" 




The Present Feed Situation 

Bv J. A. McCoNNKLL. Chairman Feed Indvsfry Council 



niE vacuum tube is a great instrument in peace and war. 

In 1912 in the Bell Laboratories, Dr. H. D. Arnold made the 
first eflfective high-vacuum tube for amplifying electric currents. 

Vacuum tubes made possible the first transoceanic telephone 
talk by the Bell System in 1915. 

Vacuum tubes are now used on practically all Long Distance 
circuits to reinforce the human voice 

That's why you can talk across the continent so easily. 

Over 1,250,000 electronic tubes are in service in the Bell System. 
Bell Laboratories developed them. Western Electric made them. 

But both Laboratories and Western Electric are busy now with 
war. After the war, this Bell System army of tubes will work in 
thousands of ways for peace. 



BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM 




Help the wir by maUn{ only vital calls to war-bosy centers. That's more and more essential every day. 



SELL NEW 
USED CLOTHING 

FROM HOME, AUTO, STORE 

Men'a Suits 99c, Leather 

Jackets 73c, Overcoats 

43c, Dresses 1 2c, Ladies 

Coats 38c. 

Other Bargains Catalog Free 

S & N 

S65A Roosevelt, Chicago 



W0RLB'SLAR6ESLKT;>i MAKERS 

ty 
lail 



FA L ii Tf ETH 



Kli MONET-BACK tA4^ 

larantte eff SaUsfactiMi ^U ^^ 




C. J. BAINBRIDGE, Syracuse, New York, 
Grange Badges, Buttons, Regalia and supplies 
of every description. Official and the recog- 
nized standard everywhere. Send for catalog. 



Legal Trespass Signs. Bold Letters, facial 
Ink, Samples on request 



9 X 11 inch size 

12 for 10.36 

35 for 1.00 

100 for 2.36 



11 X 14 inch size 

12 for 10.50 

25 for 1.00 

100 for 3.60 



We pay the Postage 

Howard A. Smith, Printer, Emmaus, Pa. 
Formerly Bleber A Rlegel 



:r iMPRBi 



■TDCC IMPRESSION Material, ■■f^Y 
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FOR SALE 

Regitterfd Jtriey Cattle — Cows, 
Heifert, and Young Bulls. Sybil 
breeding. Also Chester White Hogs. 

J. A. Boak ft Sons. New Castle, Pa. 



To remove chocolate or cocoa 
stains cover with cold water. Then 
sprinkle a thin layer of powdered 
borax over them. After about ten 
minutes, rinse well in boiling water. 

Add one teaspoon or more of pea- 
nut butter to the salad dressing when 
you serve apple salad. You'll find it 
just as good as nuts. 

A pinch of salt added to very sour 
fruits while cooking will greatly re- 
duce the quantity of sugar needed to 
sweeten them. 

To remove chewing gum from fab- 
rics, rub with ice and the gum will 
roll ofF, leaving no marks. 



A DISCUSSION of the feed 
situation might well fall under 
the title "The Great American 
Mystery." Opinions vary widely as 
to whether there is a real feed short- 
age facing this country. My own 
opinion is that, unless hogs and 
poultry are liquidated for meat with- 
out replacement fairly rapidly dur- 
ing the coming months, we will have 
a decided shortage of feed grains be- 
fore next March. The country as a 
whole has been short of protein feeds 
ever since last November. Under the 
Protein Conservation Program, a very 
short supply was spread around by re- 
ducing the protein content of ra- 
tions, 80 that we managed to scrap 
through the past twelve months with- 
out complete disaster, but not with- 
out considerable effect on production. 
Unless there is a material reduction 
of animal numbers, the protein short- 
age will be still worse this coming 
winter. 

Demands for Food Unlimited 

It is impossible to discuss feed sup- 
plies intelligently without first de- 
veloping the food background of the 
country. The first thing to point out 
is that during this present war, and 
following it, the demand for food is 
and will continue to be almost un- 
limited. 

The second thing to point out is 
that no matter how much we produce, 
we will fall far short of meeting the 
demands of the many claimants. 

Who will be supplied food? At the 
top of the list we must place armed 
forces. The country expects to, and 
will, feed its armed forces. There is 
no question about that. This will re- 
quire an enormous amount of high 
quality foods, which includes animal 
products. 

The civilian population of this 
country is producing at an enormous 
rate. A country fully at work in war 
production requires much more food 
than in normal times. In addition 
to requiring greater amounts of food, 
the civilian population has been get- 
ting high quality foods at relatively 
low cost. In its fight to prevent in- 
flation, the Government — after allow- 
ing wages to go to extremely high 
levels, partly by means of adopting 
the 40-hour week as a standard week 
and paying time and a half for all 
hours worked over that — is trying to 
stabilize food costs at relatively low 
levels. In effect, this increases the 
demand on the part of the civilian 
population for the choicest portions 
of the diet — meat, milk and eggs. 

The third great claimant for our 
food supply can be classified roughly, 
under the Lend-Lcase i)ro^ram. 
About the only limit to the amount 
that can be shipped under this pro- 
gram is how much can we reduce the 
diet of the American civilian. 

Summing all this up, it means that 
we have established an unlimited de- 
mand for meat, milk and eggs. This 
increased demand started with the 
passage of the Lend-Lease Act and 
lias accelerated every year since. 

Methods Used to Increase Meat, 
Milk, and Ego Production 

Briefly, we can cover that in this 
way. During 1941, 1942, and 1948, 
the Government has urged farmers to 
produce meat, milk and eggs as never 
before. To effectuate this, feed 
prices in general were kept down, par- 
ticularly during 1941, first by means 
of selling corn and wheat from the 
Ever-Normal Granary at low prices. 
When the Ever-Normal Granary ran 



out, price ceilings were used to ef- 
fectuate the same purpose. Prices 
of meat, milk and eggs were then ad- 
justed at such levels that producers 
strongly responded to the urge to meet 
these production goals. 

The keystone to this policy was to 
commitment made to hog growers. 
A floor of $13.75 per hundredweight 
was put under hogs. First by use of 
the grains in the Ever-Normal Gran- 
ary, later by price ceilings, corn was 
held to a level which made hog pro- 
duction the most profitable livestock 
industry in the United States. The 
result of this has been to reserve the 
corn, which is more than 60 per cent 
of our entire feed grains, pretty 
largely for the use of the hog. In 
other words, it has resulted in stop- 
ping the movement of corn from the 
Corn Belt. 

The Government is now making 
some belated moves to bring about a 
less favorable ratio between corn and 
hogs. It remains to be seen whether 
these moves will be effective soon 
enough to start a free movement of 
corn from the 1943 crop. 

Three Factors Kelating to 
Feed Supply 

In trying to solve this "Great 
American Mystery" as to whether 
there is a feed shortage, let^s take an 
over-all look at the three important 
factors which have to do with the 
supply of feed. The three factors 
which determine whether or not we 
have enough feed are, as follows: 

(1) The size of the livestock popu- 
lation. 

(2) The rate of feeding. 

(3) The supply of grain and feed 
which we will have beginning October 
1, which must last us through until 
the crops of 1944 are harvested. 

First, how much livestock? 

Livestock Numbers 

Hogs. 1943 spring and fall farrow- 
ings of pigs are expected to total 127 
million head, 21 per cent more than 
in 1942 — nearly 75 per cent larger 
than the 10-year average. Based on 
current trends, January 1, 1944, hog 
numbers may reach 85 million head— 
11 million more than a year ago. The 
thing to note here is that in relation 
to normal, our hog population is enor- ' 
mous. Up until the last two months, 
the number was still increasing. How- , 
ever, recent moves on the part of the | 
Government may now be starting this 
trend in the other direction. 

Poultry. In June, 1943, the nunjber 
of layers on farms was up 14 per cent 
over 1942 — a third more than normal. 

Young chicks on farms July 1 o* 
this year were 20 per cent more than 
a year earlier, and nearly 40 per cent 
more than the 10-year average. 

Note from these figures that the 
trend on chick numbers as of July 1 
was still up. 

The latest report on hatchings that 
I have shows that they are still run- 
ning ahead of the same months last 
year. Liquidation is now taking place. 
but this is the usual fall liquidation. 
It is still to be determined whether 
serious liquidation of poultry flocto 
will come later. If the Governments 
announced goal of as many eggs *J 
last year is to be achieved, it is hoped 
that liquidation of hens will not go 
beyond the usual fall liquidation. 

Beef Cattle. On January 1 of this 
year, beef cattle stood at 6 per cent 
above a year earlier and 19 per cent 
above the 10-year average. There a^ 
many reports that beef cattle are now 



October, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



bypassing feed lots due to lack of 
price incentive and a fear of shortage 
of feed. The numbers of beef cattle 
are, however, high and there is no in- 
dication as yet that total numbers will 
be reduced, until the feed shortage 
becomes so severe as to force liquida- 

Dairy Cattle. There is a moderate 
increase in dairy cattle. On January 
1 the number stood at 6 per cent over 
the 10-year average and 2 per cent 
more than a year earlier. 

I don't expect you to remember all 
these figures. They can be summed 
up in this way. Because of the rapid 
expansion in hogs and chickens, the 
grain-consuming animal units on 
farms January 1 were 11 per cent 
higher than a year earlier and 21 per 
cent more than the 10-year average. 
And, further, the rate of expansion 
during the first six months of this 
year has been such that we will reach 
January 1, 1944, with an animal 
population of 33 per cent over the 
10-year average. 

The point to keep in mind here is 
that we will have 10 per cent more 
animal units to feed next January 1 
than we had a year ago. Our first 
factor, that is animal population, is 
up 10 per cent over last year. 

Another thing to keep in mind is 
that our demand factor for feed is 
bolstered by an almost unlimited de- 
mand on the part of the world for 
animal foods. Consequently, the suc- 
tion on our feed supply is almost 
beyond imagination. 

Feeding Rate 

Let us now take a look at the rate 
of feeding that went on last year. 

Corn. Last year, we raised a 
bumper corn crop of 3,100,000,00 
bushels. From previous crops, we 
had carried over a supply of nearly 
half a billion bushels. By the first 
of October, we will have used up the 
entire crop of last year and cut into 
our carryover nearly 100 million 
bushels, according to Government 
estimates. According to private esti- 
mates, we will have cut into our 
carryover nearly one quarter of a 
billion bushels. With the greatest 
corn crop on record, that of 1942, our 
rate of feeding was such that we will 
have reduced our stocks as of October 
1, including this present season's corn 
crop, by 8 per cent in Government 
estimates, 10% in private estimates. 

Oats. On October 1, we will have 
reduced our oat supply from last year 
19 per cent. We fed last season ap- 
proximately 280 million bushels more 
oats than we have harvested this 
season. 

Wheat. In addition to reducing our 
corn stocks 8 per cent and our oats 
19 per cent, the country threw into 
the feed pot nearly half a billion 
bushels of wheat— 370 million of this 
coming from the Government Ever- 
Normal Granary and Government 
purchases from Canada. 

In addition, to keep enough feed 
available, we had to draw from Can- 
ada this past year 61 million bushels 
0^ oats and 38 million bushels of 
barley. Such a rate of feeding has 
never been known. This high rate of 
feeding is still going on and will con- 
tinue and probably accelerate as cattle 
and poultry go into winter quarters. 

The feeding rate was the second 
factor in trying to determine if we 
are faced with feed shortages. What 
1 nave shown is that not only was the 
fate of feeding higher this past year 
than any time in history, but based 
on demand for animal products and 
the size of the livstock population, it 
^ill be higher this coming winter or 
"ntil such time as actual shortages 
slow it down. 

(Concluded on page Jh) 



\ 



HOMEMADS SATTSnY CHARGER 



I 



Homemade battery charger 
assembled complete with 
guard on belt. 





£/ectr/e Motor (% H.P. for 10 ampere charging rate) 



Ammeter 



Generator from auto, truck or tractor 

\ 




2 Battery Ctimps ^ 




V-ifutfey 
fi^/i" die.) 




**t2Wrre 




V'Mt 



Parts needed to build homemade battery charger. 



BUILD the homemade motor 
generator illustrated and 
keep your storage batteries 
properly charged. You'll 
lengthen the life of critical 
equipment . . . save expense . . . 
time . . . inconvenience. 

Proper charging — NOT stor- 
age in a warm place — is the 
right way to keep batteries from 
freezing. A battery not in ser- 
vice discharges faster at 
warm temperatures. A fully 
charged battery will not freeze 



until the temperature is 92 de- 
grees below zero. Therefore, it*s 
safe to say that a fully charged 
battery will never freeze at any 
temperature ever recorded by 
the weather bureau in a Penn- 
sylvania winter! 

With this homemade battery 
charger, you can easily charge 
your batteries whenever you 
wish ... at practically no ex- 
pense . . . without the inconve- 
nience of taking batteries to a 
charging station and home again. 



A NEW BULLETIN — "How to Build 
an Electric Battery Charger" — 
gives full details on constructing this 
helpful equipment. You need only tools 
that are found in almost every farm 
workshop . . . parts that are already on 
your place or available through local 
dealers. This bulletin also tells you how 
to recondition a used generator and 
gives fullest possible instructions on 
charging . . . checking battery condition 
...operating battery charger. It's 
"must" literature for every farm work- 
shop. Mail the coupon today! 




CHECK YOUR WATER SYSTEM 1 Guard against water system troubles 
by making regular inspections. Pages 7, 8 and 9 of "How to Care for 
Farm Electric Equipment" tells you where to look for possible trouble 
. . . how to avoid it . . . how to prevent freezing. This book is a com- 
plete, practical manual on the care of farm electric equipment. Check 
and mail the coupon. 



£/ectr/c Companies of Pennsylvania 



MEMBERS OF PENNSYLVANIA ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION 
HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA 



r' 

I 

I 

I 

I 

I 

I 



■ ( Pmate This Coupon on a Penny Postcard) "^ ^ 

PENNSYLVANIA ELECTRIC ASSOaATION 
RURAL DEPARTMENT G, HARRISBURO, PA. 

Please send me free bulletin "How to 
Build an Electric Battery Charger." 



NamB^ 



Addrmaa. 



I 
I 
I 



[~~1 Also send free book 
Electric Equipment. 



'How to Care for Farm 



A middle-aged woman lost her 
balance and fell out of a window into 
a garbage can. 

A Chinaman passing by remarked: 
"Amelicans vely wasteful. That wom- 
an good for ten years yet." 



"This check is doubtless all right," 
said the bank cashier, politely, **but 
have you anything about you by 
which you could be identified?" 

The pretty young thing faltered: 
"I have a mole on my left elbow." 



"Mama, why has dad no hair?" 
"Because he thinks so much, my 

dear." 

"But why have you so much?" 
"Because — Oh, go away, and do 

your lessons, you naughty boy I" 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, I943 



FASTER GAINS 
WITH LESS FEED 




on CONCRETE 

FEEDING FLOORS 

Feeding floors made'with clean, 
long-lasting concrete will help 
you raise more pork for war 
needs. They save pigs by keep- 
ing them cleaner and healthier 
—save feed otherwise trampled 
in the mud— insure faster gains, 
more pork per bushel of feed. 

Long-lasting concrete improve- 
ments cost little to build— need 
few if any ''critical materials." 
You'll find valuable suggestions 
in free booklet, ''Permanent Farm 
Construction." Paste coupon on 
penny postal for your copy. 

If you need help, get in touch 
with your concrete contractor, 
ready-mixed concrete producer 
or building material dealer. 



PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION 

Dc«L MlO-9. 1528 WalnU St. PhiUdeliihu 2, Pa. 

Please send me "Permanent Farm Con- 
struction." 

Name ... .. 

Street or R. R. No 

City State 



THE FEED SITUATION 

(Concluded from page S.) 
Supply 

Now let's take a look at the feed 
supply, the third factor. According 
to the last Government estimates, we 
will go into the new feeding year with 
about 17 million tons less of all feed, 
raised and carried over, than last year. 

We will raise this coming year, on 
the basis of September 1, Govern- 
ment estimates, 15^/^ millions tons, 
or 10 per cent less grains than we 
raised last year. Just so we don't 
get too optimistic about making this 
deficit up from Canada, present indi- 
cations are that its production of 
grains will be down 12^/^ million tons, 
or 36 per cent. Like ourselves, Can- 
ada's livestock population is up, and 
they require more grain. Therefore, 
Canada will not be the free exporter 
of feed grains that she has been this 
past season. 

Last year, all of us know that it 
was difficult at times to get enough 
feed to meet the demand. Best esti- 
mates now are that we will have 15 
per cent less feed per animal unit 
than we had last year. This figure 
will depend on the final yield on our 
corn crop, the outcome of the Can- 
adian grain crop and the amount 
that Canada can export, less the 
amount of wheat, corn and oats and 
soybeans that we divert from the feed 
pot directly to the food pot. 

The over-all feed picture for the 
United States looks decidedly pessi- 
mistic. Our attitude is more pessi- 



THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 



REV. W. D. KEEMER 



AUTUMN 

"When the frost is on the pumpkin 
and the fodder is in the shock." As 
each season of the year comes we are 
inclined to think it is the most beau- 
tiful of the year, and to all who have 
a keen sense of appreciation for the 
lovely things in nature surely Autumn 
is the finest of all. 

The clear starry nights, the bright 
sunny days, the luscious red apples, 
ready to be picked and stored for 
Winter use, the beautiful forests on 
our mountains and hills with their 
many colored leaves glowing in the 
clear sunshine and the crisp cool air 
all combine to make us say: How 
beautiful is the Autumn? Much of 
the strenuous toil of the Summer 
season is past and most of the year's 
crops are garnered so that we can now 
look forward with pleasure to the 
time when we can sit down and en- 
joy the Winter evenings with our 
families. 

The well-filled fruit and vegetable 
cupboards, the barns and silos with 
their abundance of feed and the evi- 
dence everywhere of God's marvelous 
blessings to us all remind us that we 
should be willing and anxious to share 
with those who are less fortunate. It 
is one of the unmistakable signs of a 
True Patron, that he is ever willing 
to dispense Charity to those in need 
and in so doing he not only helps 
others, but also enriches his own life's 
experience. 

We truly sympathize with those 



who can only see in the Autumn the 
effects of the killing frosts and the 
signs of the coming Wintertime and 
cannot see on every side the work of 
the Great Master Artist as he paints 
the most beautiful pictures in the 
wondrous hues that far surpass the 
best that the human artist can pro- 
duce. 

How wisely the Creator has planned 
for the constantly changing seasons 
and how thankful we should be that 
He has permitted us to live where 
these are each about an equal length 
and where we do not have the ex- 
tremes of heat and cold as in many 
places. 

Life is much like a year with first 
its Springtime, of childhood and 
early youth when we plant and sow 
the seeds, which will produce the har- 
vest in later life. Then comes the 
Summertime of young manhood and 
womanhood as well as the busy years 
of middle life, and these are crowded 
so full with the many duties and re- 
sponsibilities that ere we know it the 
Autumntime has come. Xow we are 
reaping what we have sown in earlier 
years, and happy indeed are those 
who do not need to reap in tears. 
Now the friendships of life grow 
sweeter and the memories of other 
days more precious and we look for- 
ward with pleasure to life's evening. 
It has been beautifully said : "A little 
bit of hope makes a rainy day look 
gay; A little bit of charity makes 
glad a weary way." 



mistic because the United States Gov- 
ernment, it seems to us, is moving too 
slowly to be effective in bringing the 
livestock population into proper rela- 
tion with the feed supply in time to 
save the country from running into a 
bad feed and ^rain shortage before 
next spring. 

Hiom-Protein Feeds 

Before the war years, this country 
made efficient use annually of 8 to 9 
million tons of high-protein ingredi- 
ents, such as cottonseed, linseed, soy- 
bean, fish and meat meals, gluten feed, 
distillers' and brewers' grains. To get 
enough, however, we had to import 
some from other countries. 

With the great increase in animal 
population and the rate of feeding, 
we could easily use more than twice 
as much high protein feed as is avail- 
able. There is nothing in the present 
crop reports or present conditions to 
indicate that we will have available 
appreciably more high-protein in- 
gredients for feed than we had this 
past year. As far as the Northeast 
is concerned, the situation here may 
be somewhat relieved by additional 
imports of meatscraps, tankage and 
liver meal from South America. 

The Government-Feed Industry 
Council Protein Conservation Pro- 
gram has used, and if continued in 
effect, will use what protein we can 
get into trade channels at maximum 
efficiency without waste; but the total 
protein shortage is very deep-seated 
and will continue so. Profitable feed- 
ing ratios will make it difficult to get 
the oil and meat meals, particularly 
cottonseed, soybean and meatscraps, to 
move out of the areas where they are 
produced. Contracts placed by the 
feed trade before the Corn Belt woke 
up to the protein shortage last fall 
kept these high-protein ingredients 
moving in their normal channels last 
winter and this summer. Raisers of 



soybeans suddenly wanting meal could 
not get it. In view of this experience, 
producers of cottonseed and soybeans 
will hesitate to let go of the seed 
this winter unless they are sure that 
a large proportion of the meal can be 
returned to them. In spite of every- 
thing that can be done, it is my judg- 
ment that it will be difficult to get a 
free movement into trade channels of 
soybean meal and cottonseed meal this 
coming year. I think the feed deficit 
areas may as well realize that in mak- 
ing their plans and commitments for 
this coming winter. 

I am sure the Government recog- 
nizes the importance of a free move- 
ment and will do what it can. How- 
ever, the problem of moving meal 
from the Corn Belt and from the 
South to other areas will be exceed- 
ingly difficult. 

The North Atlantic States' 
Feed Supplies 

The Government in its latest feed 
bulletin estimates that the North At- 
lantic States will have available 15 
I)or cent less feed ingredients, which 
includes grain, than they had last 
year. The Northeast has a somewhat 
larger animal population than last 
year so that the 15 per cent shortage 
is further aggravated by a greater de- 
mand. 

Studies made by various competent 
people indicate that the North At- 
lantic States need at least 75 million 
bushels of corn from the 1943 crop 
in addition to what they raise and 
what they now are assured of in the 
way of wheat, barley and oats from 
Canada and our own Northwest. 

There is nothing in the present 
(xovernment price programs that in- 
dicates that any such movement of 
corn can be secured. In fact, the 
Government itself estimates that 
movement of corn from the Corn Belt 
to feed deficit areas will be 25 per cent 



less than last year, and last year, as 
we all know, was the lowest movement 
of corn into this area of recent years 
except the drouth years of 1934 and 
1936. 

Summing up these three factors— 
the size of the livestock population 
which is 10 per cent greater than last 
year; the rate of feeding, highest in 
history as proven by the rate of dis- 
appearance of last year's crop; and 
finally, with a feed supply of from 17 
to 20 million tons less than last year 
— the only conclusion that we can 
draw is that we are faced with a 
serious feed shortage. 

You men here in the Northeast are 
feed handlers in a feed deficit area. 
Most any year, we have to import 
from outside 6 to 7 million tons of 
feed. Therefore, you are in what is 
called a "feed deficit area." Your 
problem is to get feed away from the 
Corn Belt when they don't want to 
let you have it. 

By no stretch of the imagination 
do I believe that we are faced with a 
complete feed disaster here in the 
East. At the worst, I think we might 
fall short from 5 to 10 per cent of 
having enough feed to supply the le- 
gitimate demands. The great danger 
to the country's livestock population 
is that they will keep borrowing from 
the future to the point where they 
may use the feed supplies up so far 
ahead of the 1944 crop, that they 
cannot reach into it as we reached 
into 1943 crop this year. 

To me, this indicates the advisabil- 
ity of keeping farmers as far as pos- 
sible well stocked with grain, and of 
dealers themselves keeping high in- 
ventories. I think we have got to 
fight to keep feedstuffs coming to us 
and not to cut into our inventories. 
I believe those inventories are going 
to be awfully important along about 
next March. 



POTATO DISEASE CAUSES 

SERIOUS CROP LOSSES 
O. D. Burke 

Potato growers throughout Penn- 
sylvania are suffering serious cTop 
losses this year caused by ring-rot, a 
highly contagious disease. Losses 
have been greater than normally be- 
cause of extensive use of seed which 
was not certified. Generally, certi- 
fied seed has been free of ring-rot. 

The greater use of poor seed last 
spring was brought about by three 
factors: 1. A scarcity of seed occa- 
sioned by high prices of table stock 
which meant that some good seed wa? 
moved for that purpose; 2. A severe 
blight epidemic in 1942 that destroyed 
many good seed fields, and 3. An in- 
creased planting by both victory gar- 
deners and farmers as an aid to the 
war effort. 

Seed scarcity led to the use of seed 
that was labeled only seed or selected 
seed and was not certified or carried 
no statement of ring-rot presence or 
virus freedom. Such a practice could 
only result in losses from virus dis- 
eases and field rot from ring-rot such 
as has occurred. A further loss, how- 
ever, is in that the potatoes on the 
farms of many growers are now so 
contaminated with ring-rot that all 
their seed must be purchased for the 
1944 planting. 

For these growers the only sate 
procedure is to sell the entire crop, do 
a real clean-up on the premises by 
using a good disinfectant, such a^ 
1 quart of formaldehyne in 30 gallons 
of water to spray storages and eq«ip' 
ment, and then secure certified seed 
or seed produced from certified stock 
this year that is known to be frej 
from ring-rot. Scarcity of good seed 
makes a "must" of securing the seed 
now before it is moved for table stock, 
he reminds. 



October, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



Milk Supply Probably Will 

Be Inadequate This Fall 

By C. W. Pierce, Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics, 

Pennsylvania State College 



EVERY fall milk supplies are short 
relative to other seasons of the 
year. This fall there won't be 
enough in every market to supply con- 
sumers with all the fluid milk they 
are willing to buy at the ceiling 
prices the government has fixed. Even 
last fall temporary shortages were evi- 
dfiit in some markets, and this year 
the seriousness of the situation may 
be multiplied. Recent announcements 
irom "Washington re that the W. F. A. 
is studying ways and means of ration- 
iiijr fluid milk. Apparently, Pennsyl- 
vania and other areas in the East 
have changed from a land of plenty 
of milk to a land of too little milk in 
just a few short years. 

Pennsylvania farmers have done a 
o:ood job of increasing milk output. 
Total production in Pennsylvania in- 
creased rapidly until in 1942 it was 
more than a tenth greater than the 
average during the five years preced- 
ing the war. Most of this increase was 
nhtained under favorable conditions. 
Labor was plentiful and commercial 
feed supplies were abundant and rela- 
tively cheap as compared with milk 
prices. Production conditions now 
are, in general, unfavorable. Less 
milk will undoubtedly be produced in 
1943 than was produced last year and 
perhaps even less than was produced 
in 1941., table 1. Yet, any milk short- 
age which develops will not be the 
result primarily of decreasinp: produc- 
tion because even at the 1941 level we 
will have 8 per cent more milk than 
the average of the 5 prewar years. It 
>hould be mentioned, however, that 
the Lend-Lease needs for whole milk 
for drying purposes may have a pri- 
ority over milk for fluid use. 

Shortages which develop this fall in 
supplies of milk for fluid use will be 
real shortages due to the fact that the 
American people will be trying to buy 
more milk than formerly. Consumers 
in nearly all of our cities are cur- 
rently using more milk in fluid form 
than they ever have before. And 
jhen apparent shortages appear this 
fall consumers will still be using more 
miid milk than at any other time in 
history. 



greater per capita consumption and 
not the result of an increased popula- 
tion in these urban centers. 

No one, least of all the dairy 
farmer, should object to consumers 
using lots of milk. Nutrition authori- 
ties have for years been urging its use 
in greater amounts. The public in 
general and the dairy farmers and 
milk distributors in particular do, 
however, have a right to demand that 
consumers pay for the incerase quan- 
tities of milk they are using. Ration- 
ing of a scarce product is desirable, 
but rationing of an abundant supply 
of milk made scarce by artificially low 
retail prices and subsidies should be 
stopped before it begins. 

Table 2. — Sales of milk for fluid use in 
Pittsburgh and Philadelphia during cor- 
responding months, 1939=100. 



price would help to maintain fall pro- 
duction. 

Can consumers afford to pay more 
for milk? Even after considering 
that not all urban people have had 
sirnilar increases in earnings during 
this war, the answer is still unques- 
tionably, *'Yes." Furthermore, the 
very fact that many consumers have 
so much more spending money than 
they have ever had before, and so few 
things to spend their swollen incomes 
on, is the primary reason the nation 
is confronted by the possibility of 
serious inflation. If the retail price 
of milk in Pittsburgh had increased 
during this war at the same rate as 
weekly earnings per factory worker 
in western Pennsylvania, fluid milk 
would now be retailing at 23 cents 
per quart instead of 15.5 cents, 
table 3. 

Table 3.— Retail Prices of milk in cents 
per quart in Pittsburgh compared with 
prices based on weekly earnings of work- 
ers in western Pennsylvania.* 





Pittsburgh 


Philadelphia 


Year 


April Sales* 


May Sales-t 


1939 


100 


100 


1940 


108 


100 


1941 


116 


111 


1942 


125 


115 


1943 


134 


127 



* Based on data complied by the Depart- 
ment of Agricultural Economics of The 
Pennsylvania State College. 

t Based on data taken from News Letters 
of the Market Administrator. Prior to 1943 
data are for 13 dealers. 1943 sales are 
baaed on Class I sales for entire area as com- 
pared with previous years sale.s for entire 
area. 





Actual 




Employees 




Retail 


Factory 


of 


Period 


Prices 


Workers 


All Firms 




cents 


cents 


cents 


1935 


11.0 


10.0 


10.4 


1936 


11.3 


12.2 


11.8 


1937 


13.0 


13.9 


12.9 


1938 


13.0 


11.0 


11.7 


1939 


11.7 


13.2 


13.2 


1940 


12.5 


14.5 


14.3 


1941 


13.4 


17.3 


16.6 


1942 


14.0 


19.7 


19.0 


1943 








January 


15.0 


21.6 


20.5 


February 


15.5 


22.1 


20.9 


March 


15.5 


22.5 


21.6 


April 


15.5 


22.8 


21.6 


May 


15.5 


23.0 





Table /.—Numbers of cows and milk 
production in Pennsylvania, 1934-43. 



Period 



Average 

Number Production 

of Coirs pn- CVic 



Total 
Product ion 



1934-39 
1940 
1941 
1942 

194:i (Esti- 
mated) 



854,000 5.270 4.507.000.000 

800.000 5,460 4.696.000.000 

882,000 5,520 4.869.000 Ono 

900,000 5,580 5,022,000,000 

900,000* .^,.400t 4.860.000.000 



J. Assuming as many cow.s as in 1942. 
thJ „ f""*'"?; that production per cow for 
that «f r ^"^^ *« relatively as much below 
bp^n ♦ /^ ^^^^ ^^ production per cow has 
fiav\^ ,^' ^^^^^^ on figures for the first 
Denn?;J'''l'' I""."*^^ published by the U. S. 
'^'"Partmont of Agriculture. 

In April of this year fluid milk sales 
^n Allegheny Oounty, Pa., were 
Pnenomenal. Daily sales averaged 7 
P<^r cent greater than last vear, 16 
Por cent j^reater than in 1941, 23 per 
cent^ grreater than in 1940, and one- 
tnird pater than in April, 1939, be- 
^•^re the war started, table 2. Con- 
ditions in Pittsburprh were typical of 
nose in many markets. Fluid milk 
^«l^s m Philadelphia were 11 per cent 
greater m May, 1943 than a year 
^arher. Likewise in the New York 
J^arket fluid milk sales were about 6 
of ff"* greater than last year. Most 
these increases are the result of a 



If retail prices of fluid milk are not 
allowed to increase before fall, they 
will then be far too low. A 4- or 5- 
cent increase in the retail price of 
milk would wipe out much of the ex- 
cess demand for milk which otherwise 
will exist unsatisfied if present prices 
are continued. The actual amount of 
increase in retail prices should vary 
with the amount of shortage antici- 
pated. For each 3 per cent of an- 
ticipated shortage the price should be 
increased about 10 per cent. Such a 
price rise would make the rationing 
of milk unnecessary because price 
would do the rationing and thus 
would allow the nation to use its man- 
power to get on with the war. It 
would help to reduce the dangers of 
inflation by increasing the production 
of milk and taking some of the excess 
spending power away from urban con- 
sumers. (When passed on to farmers, 
some of this money would be taken 
up by the income tax.) An increased 
price would help to increase or at 
least maintain milk production, be- 
cause when passed on to dairy farm- 
ers it would enable them to keep their 
labor force and buy feed in competi- 
tion with hog growers. An increase 
in price, if entirely adequate this fall, 
<*ould be at least partially removed 
next spring. 

Some people, before they stop to 
think, are going to voice objections 
to increasing milk prices. They are 
^^oing to say that consumers can't pay 
these increased prices and therefore 
will have to go without. Actually, 
consumers are going to have to do 
without milk which they would buy 
at present prices if it were available, 
whether milk prices are increased or 
milk is rationed. Rationing will not 
increase the amount of milk available. 
Increased prices may. Retail milk 
prices during the war should fluctu- 
ate with the seasons and should fluc- 
tuate widely in order to encourage 
milk consumption durinpr the season 
of flush production and discourage it 
during the low production period. 
Seasonal fluctuation in the producer 



* If a worker with average weekly earn- 
ings maintains the same purchasing power 
in terms of milk as he averaged during the 
five prewar years, 1935-39. 

Weekly per capita earnings of em- 
ployees of all firms in western Penn- 
sylvania have increased less rapidly 
than the earnings of factory workers 
alone. Even that larger group of em- 
ployees could pay 21.5 cents per quart 
for milk and still maintain the same 
purchasing power in terms of milk 
that they had during the five years 
before the war. 

Increasing the price of milk to a 
level which will balance supply and 
demand, will seem a drastic idea to 
some. It is not new; in fact, it is an 
idea older than this nation. More 
than that it has been one of the key- 
notes of democracy as long as democ- 
racy has existed. Sooner or later we 
are going to have to face the fact that 
living standards for a particular 
group cannot be raised or even main- 
tained during a great war except at 
the expense of other groups. 



and will desire to move their potatoes 
before cold weather." 

According to latest Pennsylvania 
production estimates of the Federal- 
State Crop Reporting Service in the 
Department of Agriculture, the con- 
tinued dry weather by September 1 
had caused potato production in the 
State to drop off during August from 
19,888,000 bushels to 19,712,000 
bushels, or a loss of 176,000 bushels. 
While the September production esti- 
mate is 2,128,000 bushels more than 
last year, it is 3,731,000 bushels under 
the 10-year average for Pennsylvania 
from 1932 to 1941. The estimated 
yield per acre is 112 bushels, the same 
as last year, but 9 bushels under the 
10-year average. Potato acreage this 
year is 19,000 more than the 157,000 
acres grown in 1942. 

Pennsylvania now ranks seventh 
among the States in potato production 
which this year will be 33 million 
bushels more than in 1928, the year of 
previous highest record. 



BUY POTATOES NOW 



Although the Pennsylvania and 
national potato crops this year are 
expected to be substantially larger 
than last year. State Secretary of 
Agriculture Miles Horst today sug- 
gested that home consumers who have 
safe storage facilities buy their winter 
supplies of spuds during the month 
of October. 

Some modern homes are equipped 
with "cold cellar" storage space for 
canned goods and vegetables, which 
usually are safe for storing quantities 
of potatoes, the Secretary points out. 
In cellars kept warm by furnaces a 
far corner may be boarded off^, prefer- 
ably with controlled window ventila- 
tion and earth floor. The best potato 
storage temperate is between 38 and 
42 degrees. 

"By mid-October farmers will be 
sending their late potatoes to markets 
in large quantities," Secretary Horst 
said. "Consumers will be doin^ the 
growers and themselves a favor by 
buying their winter supply, for few 
farmers have sufficient safe storage 



HORST SCORES SUBSIDIES 

"Pennsylvania farmers in preneral 
resent even the thought of Govern- 
ment subsidies in any form," Miles 
Horst, Secretary of Agriculture, de- 
clared today. 

This statement was in response to 
a suggestion that Federal subsidies, 
rollbacks or incentive payments to 
dairy farmers might stop or ease the 
steady decrease in Pennsylvania milk 
production that he declared has 
reached almost 5 per cent of the 
State's annual output of 5 billion 
pounds. 

"The slump in milk production 
started about a year ago when first 
effects of experienced farm labor 
shortages were felt," the Secretary ex- 
plained. "It has now reached a crisis. 
Our dairy farmers are losing heart. 
They canH get enough of the proper 
kinds of feed, and can't get enough 
machinery or labor to grow their own 
share of the required feed. 

"Farmers are against subsidies be- 
cause in the past they not only have 
carried restrictions in production, but 
they know full well that eventually 
they and other taxpayers will have to 
pay the bill in added taxes. Distribu- 
tion of subsidies frequently is un- 
equal and entails unwarranted costs 
of administration. 

"Successful farmers actually resent 
subsidies because they fell such pay- 
ments are a reflection on their ability 
to produce. The farmer is a farmer 
because he wants above everything 
else to have and enjoy his independ- 
ence as a farmer. He does not want 
interference any more than he wants 
unearned money that might have the 
appearance of a gratuity. 

"Pennsylvania farm owners are 
averaging 13 hours of work a day, 
seven days a week. That means many 
are working 16 or more hours a day. 
Their hired workers average 10^^ 
hours a day. They are patriotically 
striving for maximum production 
against rising costs and increasing 
scarcity of skilled labor and feed. 
Like the damaging drought these are 
conditions beyond the control of the 
farmer. Pm afraid that if farmers 
are forced to submit to subsidies a 
great many will be getting out of the 
milk production business. 

"I have said before, and repeat: 
All our farmers want or require now 
is opportunity to plan and produce in 
accordance with their demonstrated 
ability. Give them that chance and 
milk production should come back." 



m 



We know of a man who takes 
rationing so seriously that instead of 
calling his wife "Sugar" he now calls 
her "Honey." 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, 1943 




THE LECTURER'S CORNER 

O. WALKER SHANNON, State Lecturer 



'# 



YOUR PROGRAM 

The fall season of the year offers 
the Grange Lecturer rich opportunity 
for building attractive Grange pro- 
grams. During the summer months 
the pressure of necessary farm work 
made it very difficult to get busy farm- 
ers to participate in lecture hour pro- 
grams. This pressure may ease some 
now that the harvesting of crops is 
nearly over. Grange folk will look 
forward with keen delight to the pros- 
pect of a good Grange meeting where 
good fellowship abounds. They will 
keenly enjoy a worthwhile lecture 
hour program packed, as it must be, 
with information on vital topics of 
the day. They will enjoy the lunch 
which will be served after most meet- 
ings. Granges have a grand oppor- 
tunity to be of great service to rural 
America today. Farm people need, 
indeed must have, some form of recre- 
ation both mental and physical if 
they are to keep going 14 and 16 or 
more hours a day on the primary pro- 
duction job of this war. We, in the 
Grange, have all the facilities to pro- 
vide this needed recreation. We can 
all do a better job if we take an eve- 
ning off twice a month and go to 
Grange. The value of mingling with 
one's neighbors fraternally is indeed 
gn*eat. It is one of the things we need 
to promote in these times when toler- 
ance is so necessary to national suc- 
cess. The Grange which is alert to 
the requirements of present day living 
will remember that we have more than 
fratemalism to offer. We give to all 
a chance to discuss, learn and under- 
stand problems affecting our national 
welfare. 

Solutions to local problems can also 
be determined as a result of a Grange 
Lecturer being alert to community 
needs. The Grange can and does 
offer to its membership a full and 
worthwhile evening. Grange meetings 
well conducted are conducive to com- 
munity growth. The program of the 
Gran«:e can be the most vital force 
in any rural community. It can also 
be just the opposite. 

The major share of the responsibil- 
ity for the development of the Grange 
program rests upon the shoulders of 
the Lecturer. Where the Lecturer 
plans the program with some under- 
standing of the needs, social and eco- 
nomic, of rural people constructive 
work can be done by the Grange. The 
time to plan your fall and winter pro- 
gram is now. Rural Americans face 
a tough job now and in the day? 
ahead. We are undergoing a period 
when people are not always just sure 
in their own minds about some of the 
changes in the attitude of the Gov- 
ernment towards the people or of the 
people towards their Government. It 
is your job Worthy Lecturer to help 
people understand what may lie ahead 
80^ that they may form intelligent 
opinions concerning their future 
course. This job is not easy. The 
future welfare of rural America may 
well rest upon the shoulders of the 
Grange Lecturers who understand the 
needs of their people. The challenge 
is indeed great and the responsibility 
is heavy. You are the only person 
in your community who has the op- 
portunity to be a real leader of your 
fellow members. May you make the 
most of it now, tomorrow may be 
too late. 



Buy Bonds and Stamps 



PROGRAM PI^ANNING 
CONTEST 

First place award in the program 
planning contest for this period goes 
to Mrs. Leta Burdick, Hebron Grange, 
Coudersport, and second place to Mrs. 
J. Robert Wilson, Millers Run 
Grange, Canonsburg. A program 
from each group is printed below. 

American History Meeting 

Song — "America." 

Tableau — Honor to the Flag. 

Flag Salute and Pledge. 

Reading— "A Song of Our Flag." 

Song Pageant — "America the Beau- 
tiful." 

Roll Call — Famous Perspns and His- 
toric Events in American History. 

Talk — Our Heritage. 

Group Singing — Songs from World 
War I and II. 

Notes 

The tableau was one adapted from 
suggestions given previously in 
Grange News. A girl draped in white 
robe with a patriotic crown and sash 
stood in the center of stage by a large 
American flag. A Juvenile boy stood 
at either end of the stage at atten- 
tion. The flag salute by the Grange 
was given before the curtain was 
pulled. 

The pageant was presented while a 
chorus sang "America the Beautiful." 
During the first, second, and third 
verses groups of characters walked 
across the stage, farmers, laborers, 
pioneers, pilgrims, Indians, soldiers, 
nurses, etc. All the cast came back 
to the stage, formed a semi-circle and 
joined the chorus in singing the last 
verse. 

The reading "A Song of Our Flag" 
was taken from National Orange 
Monthly. — Mrs. Burdick. 

Safety on the Farm 

Opening Song— "The Old Oaken 

Bucket." 
Introduction of Topic— "Why Discuss 

It," by the Lecturer. 
Part I — Accidents: 

The Facts of the Case (Statistics 

given as an address). 
A Roll Call — An accident of mine 
and how I could have avoided it. 
Watch It Farmer! — Review of an 
article from Colliers magazine, 
July 3, 1943. 
Part II — Caring for the Accident 
Victim: 
What Would You Do If ?— By First 

Aid certificate holder. 
The Family Medicine Chest — By a 

nurse. 
Safety Hints I Find Valuable- 
Members. 
Closing Song. 

— Mrs. J. Robert Wihon. 



A MAN'S THANKSGIVING 

A Man^s Thanksgiving: God of 
commonsense, I give Thee thanks for 
the heavy blows of pain that drive me 
back from perilous ways into harmony 
with the laws of my being, for the 
stinprinpr whips of hungor and the colld 
that^ urge to better strivings and 
glorious achievement; for the steep- 
ness and roughness of the ways and 
staunch virtues gained by climbing 
over jagged rocks of hardship and 
stumbling through dark and pathless 
sloughs of discouragement; for the 
acid blight of failure that has burned 
out of me all thought of oasy victory 



and toughened my sinews for fiercer 
battles and greater triumphs; for 
mistakes I have made, and the price- 
less lessons I have learned from them ; 
for disillusion and disappointment 
that have cleared my vision and 
spurred my desire; for strong ap- 
petites and passions and the power 
they give when under pressure and 
control; for my imperfections that 
give me keen delight of striving 
toward perfection. 

God of common good and human 
brotherhood, I give Thee thanks for 
siren songs of temptation that lure 
and entangle and the understanding 
of other men they reveal; for the 
weakness and failing of my neighbors 
and the joy of lending a helping 
hand; for my own shortcomings, sor- 
rows, and loneliness, that give me a 
deeper sympathy for others; for in- 
gratitude and misunderstanding and 
the gladness of service without other 
reward than self expression. — Arthur 
W. NewGomh. 



THESE ARE OUR BOYS 

These are our boys I 

In distant corners of this earth, 

Through tractless skies, o'er sea or 
land. 

They keep their constant vigil of the 
day and night. 

On rugged islands of the North, 

Through tropic jungle and on desert 
sand. 

They rank with those who would de- 
fend the right. 

These are our boysl 

A few short years ago they ran and 

laughed and played at being 

men; 
They listened to the tales we told of 

other wars. 
But now their games are done, and 

war has come again. 
And they must fight and bear the 

pain and scars. 

These are our boysl 

And now they are men! 

Theirs the courage and the daring 

this world needs! 
Theirs to fight on until this conflict 

cease! 
And when the world is free 
And they have won that day for which 

men please 
A greater task is theirs to win the 

Peace ! 



O. Let Us be Thankful 

Group Singing — Hymns. 

Prayer— By Chaplain. 

Pageant with Music — Story of the 
Pilgrims showing their hardships, 
trials, courage, and their first 
Thanksgiving Day. 

Talk. 

Reading— "A Man's Thanksgiving" 
by Arthur W. Newcomb. 

Closing Number— Friendship Circle. 
Invite all to join in singing "Bless 
Be the Tie" and remain standing 
for silent prayer and the Benedic- 
tion by Chaplain. 



TURKEYS FOR THANKSGIVING 

A normal supply of home-grown 
Pennsylvania turkeys appears now to 
be assured for civilian Thanksgiving 
and Christmas dinners, according to 
information resulting from inquiries 
on Army purchases made bv turkey 
growers to the Bureau of Markets in 
the State Department of Agriculture. 

The Bureau has learned from Wash- 
ington that no quota in numbers or 
pounds of turkeys destined for use by 
the Armed Forces had been set for 
Pennsylvania. Most turkey growers 
in this State have relatively small 
flocks. It is said that Army purchases 



during August and September are 
being made through large packing 
house processors who have been ob- 
taining the bulk of their birds from 
the large western turkey ranches 
Nearly 2,000,000 pounds of turkeys 
had been purchased by the Army 
through processors during the first 
two weeks in August and latest re- 
ports to the Bureau of Markets indi- 
cate that the 10,000,000-pound quota 
may be filled by the October 1 dead- 
line, or soon thereafter. 

If the Army quota is filled by Oc- 
tober 1, Pennsylvania producers may 
resume selling from the all-time 
record crop of 1,071,000 turkeys to 
civilians, restaurants, hotels, dining 
car services and other consumers. An 
embargo has been in effect on this 
trade since August 2. 

While the Pennsylvania turkey crop 
this year is indicated to be five per 
cent larger than in 1942 the Army 
purchases may be expected to cut the 
supply from other sections and there 
may be an increased demand for 
Pennsylvania birds. This makes it 
impossible for the Bureau to estimate 
the number of turkeys that might be 
available for holiday dinners, although 
indications are that the Pennsylvania 
supply should at least be normal. 

E. J. Lawless, Jr., in charge of the 
eg^ and poultry division in the 
Bureau of Markets reports that many 
Pennsylvania turkey growers have in- 
quired about procedure in selling to 
processors for the Army quota. He 
suggests that smaller growers who de- 
sire to do so may pool their birds for 
shipment to a processor for Army use. 
Names of processors authorized to 
buy turkeys for the Army can be ob- 
tained from the Regional Director of 
the Food Distribution Administra- 
tion, 160 Broadway, New York City. 
Feed shortage problems also should 
be taken up with the Regional Direc- 
tor, he added. 

The August 15 average price for 
turkeys received by Pennsylvania 
farmers was 37 cents a pound, 48 per 
cent higher than the 25 cents per 
pound price received in August, 1942, 
according to the Federal-State Crop 
Reporting Service in the State De- 
partment of Agriculture. The August 
1943 price received was 54 per cent 
higher than the average for the five- 
year period 1935 to 1939. 



A MOTHER TO A SON 

IN SERVICE 

Grace Noll Crowell 

Wherever you are this day, my 
precious son, 
God hold you close, God keep you 
safe from harm. 
In this strange victory that must be 
won 
It takes your youth, your strength 
of heart and mind. 
Your valor and your courage and 
your might 
To bring to pass the miracle of 
peace. 
God keep you facing forward toward 
the light 
That waits ahead for you when 
war shall cease. 

Take God as your companion, dear 
Heart, 
We must not, care not face the dayi 
along. 
With him for comrade we can do our 
part 
And staunchly, bravely face the 
great unknown. 
T, too, must be a valiant soldier, for 
That is what mothers are when 
there is war. 



October, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



By using some vinegar and salt oo 
a bottle brush, you can keep yo"' 
crystal or china vases sparkling. 



SKIM MILK IS GOOD 

FEED FOR POULTRY 

John Vandervort 

Before poultry starter and grow- 
ing and laying mashes were devel- 
oped, skim milk and buttermilk were 
two of the principal protein feeds 
for poultry on farms. 

Proteins in milk are of high qual- 
ity because they contain many of the 
essential amino acids. Many of the 
required vitamins also are in milk, 
especially those that belong to the B 
and G groups. 

Some of the first poultry feeding 
tests conducted by agricultural ex- 
periment stations prior to World War 
I showed that yearly flock averages 
of 150 and 175 eggs per hen could be 
obtained when the hens were given 
ample milk to drink, according to 
poultry extension specialists of the 
Pennsylvania State College. 

One hundred laying hens need 4 
to 6 gallons of skim milk daily for 
good egg production. It may be 
necessary to restrict the amount of 
drinking water to get the birds to 
drink as much milk as possible. If 
a gallon or 6 quarts of milk is fed 
per 100 layers, it can help consider- 
ably to suppleinent laying mashes that 
may not contain all the nutrients that 
were incorporated in mashes prior to 
the present feed crisis. 

Since skim milk contains little or 
no vitamins A or D, chickens that 
get restricted amounts of mash should 
be given as much access as possible 
to sunshine and pasture. Leaves 
from legume hay or grass silage can 
help to supply vitamin A and also 
some proteins for poultry. 




2 inches below the surface. Under 
normal conditions, peonies thrive best 
if they are not moved too frequently. 
In other words, if plants are in a 
healthy condition, let them alone. 

Transplanting of many of the house 
plants can be accomplished now. Use 
a good garden soil mixture. Informa- 
tion on the culture of house plants 
and related subjects may be obtained 
from the Agricultural Extension Of- 
fice. 

Refrain from pruning privet, bar- 
berry, or other deciduous hedges at 
this time of the year. It also is con- 
sidered wise not to prune evergreens 
too late in the season. 



FLOWER GARDENERS CAN 

KEEP BUSY THIS MONTH 

A. O. Ras.mussev 

Many tasks face flower gardeners 
this month. Planting, transplanting, 
and staking are among the jobs to be 
done. 

Now is the time to get small bulbs 
from a reliable dealer and plant them 
in flower garden borders, in front of 
mixed plantings, or scattered in the 
lawn to produce a naturalistic effect. 
Among these bulbs are scillas, snow- 
drops, crocuses, and chionodoxas. 
Hanting depth will be 1 to 2 inches, 
^^P^jdrng upon the type of soil. 

When buying the smaller bulbs, be 
sure to mclude such bulbs as daffo- 
ails and tulips, which can be planted 
any time after the middle of October. 

opnng and summer blooming per- 
enmals can be transplanted now. Be 
sure to divide large plants carefully 
and replant them in well-prepared, 
deeply dug, enriched soil. Super- 
Phosphate in combination with well- 
oecomposed cow manure may be used 
'""J^VJovrng the tilth of the soil. 
f},,^V n"f ^ planning to plant roses 
"118 fall should prepare the beds now. 
^mimeographed sheet on rose cul- 
m,lf ''^r^^ obtained from your Agri- 
cultural Extension office. 

m,,mo r? *^® ^^^^^" chrysanthe- 
mums of the taller varieties and be 

Z^? !*''¥ ^^^"^ '^^ as to prevent 
ground*" sprawling over the 

otW ^^^P^inium, columbine, and 
Wii''''''';;?^^^^' ^'^'^^ ^^^« started in 
Plaop] •.P''^? transplants can be 

f«lnie '^'"**'^ "^^^^ '^^ ^^^ ^°^<^- 

nZ'f^l ''''^n ^^ ^ta^ted in coldfranios 
•f Ln5 T'" PJ'''''^^ ^" ^"^P^e supply 

Peonfl ^u- ^'"^ «"^ replanting 

Si^dP"-'- "^^'^^b. ^^ «"^^ to select 
Jong divisions which have at least 3 

eyes. Set the divisions at least 



STOP TREE GIRDLING 

BY CONTROLLING MICE 

J. L. Mecartney 

Although the population of meadow 
mice and pine mice in orchards is 
smaller this year than last, there are 
enough mice in many orchards to do 
extensive damage to the trees unless 
protective measures arc taken. 

Most severe damage from girdling 
by mice is usually experienced with 
apple and pear trees, but the peacli 
frequently is a victim, and some- 
times even the cherry. So growers 
are urged to make careful observation 
in their orchards for mouse trails or 
runaways under the grass to deter- 
mine the areas which will need pro- 
tection. 

Of the many different treatments 
used to prevent injury to the trees, 
the use of poisoned bait is most ef- 
fective, provided the bait is properly 
prepared and exposed. 

At this time the job is to locate the 
infested areas and to plac(' bait sta- 
tions in these areas during September 
or early October. The poisoned bait 
can be placed under these stations in 
November. 

Fruit extension specialists of the 
Pennsylvania State (College suggest 
that small bundles of corn fodder 
make very satisfactory bait stations. 
Placed here and there on spots witjt 
heavy grass or other good natural 
cover, the bundles of fodder attract 
the mice and thus simplify the job of 
putting out bait where it will be 
found readily by mice and will not be 
<\xposed to other forms of wildlife. 
One station to each 40 square feet 
usually is sufficient for heavy infestn- 
tion, and somewhat less will be re- 
(luired where the infestation is light 
or part of the area is cultivated and 
comparatively bare at this season. 

Old hay, straw, or other compara- 
tively coarse litter may be used for 
bait stations, but corn fodder seems 
to be preferred by the mice. Where 
field corn is not available by early 
October, some growers can put sweet 
corn to good use in this work. 



perennials are weakened in the same 
way. 

Pasture grasses renew their root 
systems almost entirely each fall. If 
the top is not allowed to develop sev- 
eral inches of growth at this season, 
renewal is almost impossible and 
spring growth will be slow and weak. 
This means low productivity all sea- 
son and a better chance iov weeds to 
become established. 

In the case of the clovers and alfalfa 
the fall months are used to develop 
and store the roots with the nourish- 
ment needed for good winter survival 
and vigorous spring recovery. Cut- 
ting or heavy pasturing of alfalfa or 
clover in September often results in 
severe winter-killing or at least a 
weakened stand. Many Ladino pas- 
tures which went through their first 
winter in excellent condition lost 
nearly all of their clover plants the 
second winter when grazed closely 
until rather late fall, report extension 
agronomists of the Pennsylvania 
State College. 

Several inches of fall growth of 
grass and clover is a valuable protec- 
tion to any sod over winter. Snow is 
likely to be blown off bare fields and 
the surface is completely exposed to 
high winds, low temperatures, and 
alternate freezing and thawing. Such 
conditions are especially detrimental 
to clovers and alfalfa and often re- 
sult in killing, with or without notice- 
able heaving. 

When the silo is filled, the top 
silage will spoil to a considerable 
depth unless used. Therefore, feeding 
might well start at once. Most hay 
mows are well filled so that farmers 
can afford to start feeding hay early 
rather than to compel the stock to 
take the last possible mouthful from 
already over-grazed pastures.* By 
starting barn feeding earlier, milk 
production may be better maintained 
and pastures will be ready earlier next 
spring and may produce better all 
next summer. 

If hay fields which are to be plowed 
next spring can be grazed now, stock 
will get much more there than on 
short pastures. Rank growth of new 
seedlings may be better for a partial 
grazing and tramping as long as the 
ground is not too wet, but close graz- 
ing of young clover and alfalfa should 
be avoided. 



GIVE THE PASTURES A 

CHANCE FOR SURVIVAL 

J. B. R. DicKEv 

Trying to get a little more grazing 
in the fall, many dairymen greatly 
reduce the productivity and earliness 
of their pastures the following season. 

Grasses and clovers must have an 
extensive and vigorous root system to 
product as they can and should. Root 
growth depends on the manufacture 
of food material in the top growth. 
If the top is not allowed to grow the 
roots are stunted and weakened. This, 
in turn, prevents a good top growth. 
The best way to kill a perennial weed 
is to keep the top cut off. Useful 



CORN SUBSTITUTES ARE 

GIVEN FOR DIARY COWS 

R. H. Olmstead 

Many dairymen who cannot get 
corn have been asking about the value 
of other home-grown feeds to take its 
place. 

He reports that dairy extension 
specialists of the Pennsylvania State 
College consider corn, barley, wheat, 
and rye practically equal in feeding 
value but with the caution that wheat 
and rye should be limited in the pro- 
portion used in a ton mixture. Wheat 
should be kept down to about .500 to 
000 pounds per ton and rye to about 
400 pounds. Wheat makes a rather 
pasty feed if used in too large 
amounts. Barley may be used in the 
same amounts as corn. 

Buckwheat is another feed that may 
be used in place of corn in the ration. 
Its feeding value is not quite so high 
as corn but it can be used to advan- 
tage up to 400 or .500 pounds per ton 
of mixture. 

Oats is another excellent feed and 
can be used with beneficial results in 
any ration for milking cows. 



All home-grown feeds should be 
ground medium rather than too fine 
or too coarse. Oats is the only feed 
that gives good results when ground 
course. 

LOOK OVER WOODLOT NOW 

F. T. Murphy 

An hour or two spent in the woodlot 
just before the leaves fall will give an 
owner a good idea of the condition of 
his woodlot. The weak, sickly, and 
dead trees can be detected easily at 
this time. 

With a small axe or hatchet, one 
can mark the trees for removal later 
in the fall or winter. By blazing*' 
the trees all on the same side, they 
can be found easily when cutting be- 
gins. 

The timber market is strong, par- 
ticularly for logs or other products 
cut and placed on a skidway where a 
truck can load them. Practically all 
timber goes into the war effort and is 
needed badly. Prices are good. 

In addition to marketing the poorer 
trees, this is a good time to cut trees 
which are ripe for essential lumber 
products. Owing to the general short- 
age of labor for all kinds of work, it 
is important that farmers and other 
timber land owners cut and skid as 
much of their marketable timber as 
they can. 

TO SOW OR NOT TO SOW 

IN DUST IS QUESTION 

J. B. R. Dickey 

Many fields prepared for wheat and 
winter barley are so dry that seed 
would not germinate if sowed on them 
until the drought is broken. Expe- 
rience in other dry falls indicate that 
seed sown in the dust may sometimes 
be germinated by a light shower, and 
then perish for lack of adequate 
moisture. 

In the case of winter barley which 
must get an earlier start than wheat, 
there is danger that if dry weather 
continues germination will be too late 
for safe winter survival. It would 
seem wiser to wait until a good rain, 
then work up the seedbed as soon as 
the ground is dry enough and drill at 
once. If it is too late for barley, one 
can sow wheat. If it is too late for 
wheat, one can still put in rye. 

On the other hand, there is always 
a chance that when rain comes it will 
continue wet and still further delay 
drilling. Extension agronomists of 
the Pennsylvania State College have 
frequently noticed that grain sown in 
rather dry soil will come up more 
quickly where superphosphate is used 
than where phosphate and potash or a 
complete fertilizer is applied. Ap- 
parently the salts of potash and nitro- 
gen take up moisture which otherwise 
is used to start growth. On fertile, 
well-manured fields, potash and nitro- 
gen often give little or no increase in 
the grain or the succeeding hay crop. 

PRODUCE CLEAN EGGS 

AND SAVE MUCH WORK 

C. O. DossiN 

If poultry men will be careful to 
produce clean eggs they will save a 
lot of time and effort in cleaning dirty 
ones. 

The lighting boards in front of all 
the nests and feeders should not be 
more than 2 inches wide and they 
should be kept clean. The droppings 
boards should be screened to keep the 
birds out of the manure. The wet 
areas around the drinking fountains 
should be eliminated if possible. 
Shavings make a very satisfactory 
nesting material and do not stain the 
eggs. Then, of course, gathering eggs 
three times a day is an important 
help in keeping the eggs clean. 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, 1943 



Pennsylvania Qrange News 

Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 
Room 426-28, Telegraph Building 
216 Locust Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 

S cents a copy 50 cents a year 



Vol. XXXIX 



OCTOBER, 1943 



No. 7 



Board of Managers 
KENZIE S. BAGSHAW, President, Hollidaysburg, Pa. 



G. MERLE GRIFFIN 
Smock, Pa. 



ALBERT MADIGAN 
Towanda, Pa. 



C. M. DAVIDSON 
Grove City, Pa. 



first thing they will want will be food. Their emaciated arms and hopeful 
eyes will be lifted toward the Western Hemisphere. 

"Food will write the peace." Can we of the United States supply 
the food? We can! But if we are to be able to do so there must be some 
decided changes made in our National food program. There must be nt 
divided authority whereby one department of government seeks to override 
another, bringing uncertainty and chaos to the agricultural program. There 
must be no depressing price ceilings which do not allow for a reasonable 
profit to the farmer. There must be long-range provision for farm labor 
and farm equipment — and there must be some assurance of these thinm 
before too many farmers get discouraged with the red tape and the unequal 
struggle and quit in despair. 



October, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Editor-in-Chief, KENZIE S. BAGSHAW 

Managing Editor, JOAB K. MAHOOD 
427-429 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, 0. WALKER SHANNON 
Hookstown, Pa. 

-o^h'^Po^^'^'^^'xT^ Is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per inch, 
eacn insertion. New York representative. Norman Co., 34 West 33d Street. 



Grange Activity 



PRESENT war conditions are demanding increased effort of all American 
citizens. Factories and farms are busily engaged in the task of winning 

the war. Farmers have again produced to their full capacity under 
very adverse conditions. 

The Grange in conjunction with a few other farm organizations has 
rendered valuable service to agriculture. They have greatly aided in the 
partial solution of the farm labor, farm machinery, farm price and many 
other problems vital to the farmer. 

In the rush of work and production we must keep in mind the need 
of these services and work liarder than ever before to maintain the Grange 
in its strong and leading position. 

The National Grange Session to be held in (irand Rapids, Michigan, 
November 10-18 and the State Grange Session at AVilliamsport, December 
14-16 will be powerful factors in shaping -an^ guiding agricultural policies 
in a constructive and safe course. V 



^ m 



For This We Fight 

ONE of the principles for which our boys are shedding their blood and 
giving their lives to preserve is the right to live in a free country 
where each citizen can have an equal share in government and a voice 
in the selection of government ofticials from the Town Constable to the 
President of the United States. It is the fundamental principle of a true 
Democracy. It must be preserved. 

Our record at the polls in the last primary election would indicate 
that we, on the Home Front, are not greatly interested in the preservation 
of this privilege. In many counties of the commonwealth, less than 25 
per cent of the eligible voters went to the polls. Some of this "absenteeism," 
of course, was unavoidable but a large part of it was due to indifference. 
Indifference to one of the greatest privileges of citizenship in a free country! 
Let us redeem ourselves at the November election. Let us prove to ourselves 
and to the world that we highly value our right of franchise. 



The War Bond Easel 

EVERY Subordinate Grange in PennsyUania has received an easel with 
charts and pictures to be used in the War Bond Campaign. It is 
hoped that every one of these easels has already been used and has 
served its purpose well. If yours has not yet been used, use it at your next 
meeting. Help it sell bonds! Have some member carefully study the ac- 
companying script and be prepared to explain the charts in detail. Keep 
it in your hall for the Duration and at every meeting turn a few pages 
90 that your members may be inspired by the typical rural American pictures 
and never lose sight of the important part of the American farmer in this 
desperate fight for freedom. Let there be no dust upon that easel and no 
slackening of our efforts until "Our Boys" are safe home again. 




*-•- 



Milk 



DAIRYING is the big farm bu.siness in Pennsylvania. Thirty-six per 
cent of all the farmers' income in our State comes from the milk and 
cream checks. Our dairy cows produced more than five billion pounds 
of milk last year. 

It would seem to be good business to keep this great industry producing 
at top speed for the duration. However, the dairyman is caught between a 
"hold the line" price and a rising tide in production costs. Added to a 
scarcity of feed concentrates and a lack of capable help, these conditions are 
cau.sing a decjded drop in production which may result in strict rationing 
of milk for civilian needs and a curtailment of supply for the armed forces. 

Farmers cannot be expected to keep on producing milk at a loss when 
their farms are capable of producing other crops which are price-supported 
on a cost plus basis. Local papers in the dairy sections of the State are carry- 
ing dispersal sale notices each week, mute testimony of the maladjustment 
of milk prices. 



Safety on the Farm 

THE Pennsylvania Rural Safety Committee is doing a good job in 
helping farm people recognize the physical dangers which attend the 
calling of Agriculture. We can help win the war by preventing 
accidents. 



^-•- 



^ ■ 



Food for Peace 



THE Four Horsemen— War, Plague, Hunger and Death ride again 
throughout the world. Hunger always follows destruction and conquest 
Today there are some one hundred fifty millions of people living in 
the countries of Europe which the Nazis have occupied. As the Germans 
are driven back from this territory and the people are again set free the 



Plan Now for Williamsport 

To HUNDREDS of Patrons throughout the Keystone State, the annual 
convention of the State Grange is a long anticipated event. To many 
of them it is the only vacation of a busy year. That will be especially 
true this year. Scarcity of help, unfavorable weather and a demand for an 
all-out production have kept most farm people tied pretty closely to the 
farm all through the .spring and summer months. 

However, it is most important, and a patriotic duty as well, to take a 
few days from our work and help to shape the policies of this Fraternal 
Organization. Rural America, town and farm together, constitutes about 
the last stand of our Democracy. In no other groups can you find so much 
of that homely philosophy, that stern integrity and that singleness of pur- 
pose in affairs of government— those qualities which made our Country 
great— as found among our rural people. No organization has had a greater 
part in crystallizing the thinking and coordinating the actions of our farm 
people than has the Grange. An alert, strong and vigf»rous Grange is an 
asset, not only to farm people, but to America as well. 

As we go to press, the program for the Williamsport meeting is not 
completed but for the benefit of some members who might plan to attend 
only one day we would advise that the highlights of the session of Tuesday 
will ],e the Worthy Master's address, reports of other officers and the Spelling 
Contest and entertainment program in the evening. Wednesday is de- 
voted to reports, resolutions, addresses, special meetings of the Keystone 
Grange Exchange, Pomona Masters, Lecturers, climaxed by the conferring 
of the Sixth Degree in the evening. Thursday is always an interesting day 
with committee reports, election of three officers this year, conclusion of all 
business matters and a very impressive closing ceremony. Your Grange 
should be represented at Williamsport. 



Paged 



BEYOND THE 

ENDLESS MOUNTAINS 



(Prepared by The Pennsylvania 
Historical Commission) 

One morning, 200 years ago this 
summer, two canoes dropped down- 
stream from Wyoming on the East 
Branch of the Susquehanna River. In 
the lead craft sat two men who must 
have looked gligftitly ridiculous to 
watching Indian eyes. Although 
the men wore conventional dressed 
buckskin and the utilitarian "pacs" 
of the wilderness traveler, there was 
something unmistakably urban and 
citified about their appearance. The 
carefully-tied wigs, the polite con- 
versational tone of their voices echo- 
ing across the mountain-bordered 
water — these were the marks of the 
Philadelphia drawing room, the coffee 
house and the gentleman's tavern. 

It had been almost two months 
since the two men had left Penn's 
'•goode, greene towne" and set out to 
explore the upper reaches of the 
Susquehanna. One, John Bartram, 
43 years old, had already attained 
fame as a botanist, both in his native 
Pennsylvania and in Europe. This 
expedition would round out his 
knowledge of domestic flora and 
natural curiosities of the great 
Pennsylvania wilderness. 

The other, Lewis Evans, also 43 
years old, was known chiefly as a 
lecturer on natural science, and had 
made a modest living as a surveyor 
and draughtsman since his arrival 
from Europe nearly eight years bo- 
fore. Evans, a native of Wales, pos- 
sessed a vague but apparently well- 
filled past. He had traveled ex- 
tensively in Europe, Asia and Africa 
and spoke familiarly of South and 
Central America. 

In Philadelphia, shortly after his 
arrival, he became associated with 
Benjamin Franklin and his present 
companion, John Bartram, in a 
number of informal enterprises. 
Heretofore, his career had been 
sketchy and obscure; the result of 
this expedition would lead to both 
fame and infamy. Lewis Evans was 
on the threshold of a minor im- 
mortality. 

While John Bartram busied him- 
self with taking specimens and mak- 
ing notes, Evans drew many rough 
topographical sketches of the strange 
country through which they passed 
on their journey northward. AVhat 
seemed to impress him most were the 
Sreat, shaggy mountains, stretching 
as lar as the eye could see across the 
northern half of the Province of 
Pennsylvania. These he called 
'the Endless Mountains," and, six 
>ears later, when he published his 
nrst map of the Middle Atlantic 
region, this blank and uncharted 
wilderness formed the most promi- 
"f'Ht feature of Pennsylvania. Lewis 
f'Vans' map of 1749 was the first pro- 
ject of such ambitious proportions. 
*'o\v much of it resulted from his 
♦5wn survey and exploration we do 
"ot know. He himself admits that 
niuoii of his information was obtained 
irom other, less talented explorers, 
surveyors and scouts. But we do 
fnf'w that, after its publication, 
J^ewis Evans was held personallv 
responsible for its accuracv. And 
"'^re begins an interesting and little- 
•^'lown story. 

The Pennsylvania Proprietors 

' 1 Evans' map and gave him a 

«^»i Rift of appreciation. Likewise, 

'ne 1 rovincial Assembly turned over 

f^me money. But adverse criticisms 

l\T I"" ^^""^ '" ^^''^ the Now 
''-ngland and New York areas. Evans 

X-'"^'''" revised the map in a new 
echtion of 17r,2, and rectified manv 
^^rmfr omissions and miscalcula- 



tions. Still it was not perfect, and 
became the subject of much contro- 
versy. The Pennsylvania Proprietors, 
uneasy over the disputed southern 
boundary of the Province, suggested 
that Evans and his friend, John Bar- 
tram, make a secret survey of the 
boundary. Bartram immediately de- 
clined such a hazardous undertaking. 
Evans was ready to tackle it alone, 
and was quite peeved when the Penns 
backed down on their propositions. 
Indian troubles were brewing on the 
western frontier; the powerful French 
fort at the forks of the Ohio was a 
constant menace to the English peace 
of mind. Eventually, Evans himself 
admitted that it would not be healthy 
to attempt a journey to the Ohio. But 
he was still very angry with the 
Penns. So angry, in fact, that he 
determined to get even. 

That same year, Evans appeared 
before the Governor of Maryland 
with an offer to do survey research 
into the question of the Maryland- 
Pennsylvania boundary. He inti- 
mated that he could secure evidence 
Pennsylvania was occupying territory 
that did not belong to her, and on 
the strength of his persuasion, 
(rovernor Sharpe authorized him to 
go ahead. Unfortunately for his 
plan, when this information had been 
forwarded to Lord Baltimore, Pro- 
prietor of Maryland, it failed to strike 
that personage as important. Lord 
Baltimore rebuked the governor for 
acting so hastily, and Evans was dis- 
charged. The dispute over the 39-40 
degree of latitude would have to 
await later, final settlement. Red 
hell was breaking loose along the 
frontier, and there was little time 
for bickering. 

As soon as it was learned that Lord 
Pitt planned to send a strong British 
military force to break the strangle- 
hold of the French on the outposts 
of British America, Evans became 
intensely interested in military 
strategy — a reaction due, probably, 
to his admitted familiarity with the 
country's geography. Long before 
General Edward Braddock sailed for 
America, Evans was at work upon 
another, more detailed map of the 
Middle Atlantic region. When the 
British army landed in Virginia and 
moved up to a rendezvous at Cum- 
berland, Maryland, the first thing to 
fall into General Braddock's hands 
was an advance proof of the as-yet 
unpublished map of Lewis Evans. In 
June, 1755, just a month before the 
scarlet column of Braddock would 
i)e dissolved in blood and horror in 
a wilderness ambush, Evans' map 
went on sale. It was accompanied 
by a detailed "Analysis," of some 
several thousands of words, wherein 
Evans presumed to advise the British 
High ('ommand just how the French 
should be destroyed. The effect of 
this "Analysis" was like a match in 
a powder mill. 

The French, Evans declared, must 
be driven out of the Ohio Valley and 
then kept in Canada — where ' they 
belonged. It was useless, he said, to 
waste expeditions against the Cana- 
dian forts. In the first place, there 
was no advantage to be gained; 
secondly, the British had no right 
there, anyhow. This flat assertion 
brought a storm of official wrath 
upon the mapmaker's head. Mean- 
while, Braddock's abortive campaign 
colla]>sed, to the profound shock and 
dismay of all British America, and 
Evans began to chant "I-told-you-so." 
He had advocated a campaign di- 
rected against the French posts on 
the south shore of Lake Ontario, to 
be followed by an expedition into the 
Ohio country. First break the French 
line of communications, he had ad- 
vised, then clean up the Valley. But 



someone had put the cart before the 
horse, and Evans believed it had been 
done deliberately. 

During the fall of 1755, he engaged 
in a series of violent arguments with 
Pennsylvania's Governor, Robert 
Hunter Morris, and finally accused 
that functionary of "high treason" 
and of being "a pensioner of France." 
He also issued a second edition of the 
"Analysis," in which he attacked 
General Shirley's proposed expedition 
against Forts Frontenac and Tor- 
onto, both located in French Canada, 
on the north shore of Ontario. In 
this absurd plan, Evans saw further 
evidence that collusion and corrup- 
tion were no strangers in His 
Majesty's North American govern- 
ments. He now provoked Governor 
Morris to action, and, charged with 
libel, was committed to a New York 
prison. What the outcome of the 
charge might have been never will be 
known, for Lewis Evans died three 
months later, on June 11, 1756 — an 
old man, broken in health and spirit, 
and apparently convinced that official 




National Master A. S. Goss 



stupidity had already cost his beloved 
Britain control of the richest land 
on earth. 

Lewis Evans died, but his maps 
lived on. For fifty years, they were 
a standard guide to the expanding 
territories. A total of 27 editions, 
most of them pirated, appeared fol- 
lowing his death. The map was is- 
sued in Swedish, Dutch, French and 
German editions; it found its way 
into libraries and studies all over 
the world. Gradually, however, the 
great white spaces of "The Endless 
Mountains" disappeared, replaced by 
names of towns, and streams and 
highways. Lewis Evans' "Pennsyl- 
vania" was growing up. 



A PROGRAM FOR 

FOOD PRODUCTION 



Statement of Master of National 

Grange Left with President 

Following Discussion of 

Food Situation 



food prices, we are ignoring the 
cause of the rising price level. The 
figures show that the labor cost per 
unit of industrial production started 
to rise sharply before there was any 
appreciable increase in the price of 
food or the cost of living. Month by 
month, without exception, for two 
years or more this cost has gone up, 
and gone up faster than the increase 
in food price or living costs. In fact 
there is not a month for two years 
in which the increase in the labor 
cost per unit of industrial production 
has not been more than double the 
increased cost of living. Since war 
started in Europe this labor cost has 
gone up 65 per cent as compared to 
an increase in food prices of 39 per, 
cent and an increase in living costs 
of 24 per cent. 

With increased labor costs so far in 
the lead of other costs, there is no 
justification in the demand that food 
prices be rolled back or labor will 
demand further increases. 

We do not believe any roll back 
program is practical, but if a roll 
back is to be tried, we will get at the 
heart of the trouble by rolling back 
labor costs, which have consistently 
led the whole upward swing by a very 
wide margin both as to timing and 
amount. 

The high wages, short hours, and 
time and a half for overtime paid in 
industry have caused farmers labor 
costs to rise precipitately. Farm 
labor costs have risen 81 per cent in 
two years — the greatest increase of 
any industry outside of the war 
zones. This may be compared with 
an increase of less than 60 per cent 
in manufacturing. Any price ceiling 
program which ignores these costs 
will result in curtailed production. 

The problem can be solved if we 
employ economically sound remedies. 
I suggest the following steps. 

1. Employ a sound tax and savings 
program to relieve surplus in- 
come pressure. 

2. Encourage abundant production 
through an effective price sup- 
port program where necessary. 

3. Employ rationing where needed 
to assure an equitable division 
of any short supply, and when 
used, ration to a surplus. 

4. Use price ceilings only to pre- 
vent profiteering, with none 
established below support prices, 
and with full recognition of 
production and distribution 
costs. 

5. Place the administration of food 
production, food distribution, 
rationing, and price control 
under one head. 

6. Make use of all branches of the 
food industry in working out and 
carrying through that portion of 
an inflation control program re- 
lating to food. 



We have got our economy badly 
out of balance, and if inflation is to 
be avoided this balance must be re- 
stored. We have developed a demand 
far in excess of the supply, a condi- 
tion which will inescapably result in 
inflation unless cured. This in- 
flationary gap is increasing at the 
rate of nearly two billion dollars a 
month. Instead of reducing this gap, 
a price ceiling subsidy program 
widens it. It increases the demand, 
and to the extent the subsidies fail 
to reach producers, decreases the 
supply. 

Furthermore, by trying to roll back 



BRADFORD COUNTY 

GRANGE BUYS WAR BONDS 

Bond purchases totalling $2,250 
were made Tuesday evening at the 
meeting of the Diahoga Grange in 
East Athens, at an impromptu bond 

rally. 

One $100 bond was purchased by 
the grange, another of the same de- 
nomination by the Home Economics 
committee of the grange, and the 
balance, $2,050, by the individual 
members of the group attending the 
meeting. 

Harold E. Weller of Athens was 
present and issued the bonds. 

FALL PIGS will have bad nights 
if they have to sleep with older hogs. 
Keep them separated from spring or 
summer pigs just as long as possible. 



,11 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, 1943 



I 

i 



Mn. Ethd H. Rich- 
ards, Chair mam, New 
Paris. 

Mrs. Georgia Kresge, 
Falls. 

Miss Agnes Brum- 
baugfa. State Col* 
lege. 

Mrs. H. R. McDougal, 
Butler. 

Mrs. Furman Gyger, 
Kiooberton. 



I 



WOMAN'S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

Bi^ Home Economics Committee 



THE CHALLENGE TO PARENTS 

While listening to a panel discus- 
sion at a Pomona Grange where the 
speakers represented the church, the 
school, boys* and girls' clubs, health 
organizations and agriculture, I was 
impressed by one conclusion arrived 
at by all groups. This conclusion was 
"The home is responsible." "Do par- 
ents go to church?" "The parents 
must support the school program." 
''Parents must provide leadership in 
4H clubs, Scout groups, etc." "Par- 
ents must work a little harder, keep 
up family morale, plan wisely to meet 
the agricultural demand." 

It seems they demand a lot of us 
parents but then so do we demand 
much for our children. We want them 
to be fine, upright, intelligent, healthy, 
capable citizens. But so often we 
want someone else to make them that 
way while we work to earn their live- 
lihood. Don't we support the church 
and pay taxes and send the youngsters 
off to their clubs? 

Well, this panel group seemed to 
think that that wasn't enough. They 
seemed to think that in addition we 
must actively cooperate with these 
people whom we pay to do the work. 
And they arrived at this unanimous 
conclusion quite without collusion for 
they had prepared their talks sepa- 
rately with "Harvesting for Victory" 
as their central theme. 

Well, it seems that to harvest for 
victory we need to grow a fine bunch 
of young folks. And to grow a fine 
bunch of young folks we've got to be 
willing to go right along with them, 
not just shove them in the right direc- 
tion. 

It's an arduous program all right 
but they^l be grown by the time we're 
fifty or so and then we can relax — 
maybe. 



BOOK AND MAGA- 
ZINE EXCHANGE 

Mrs. E. W. Van Horn 

Do you have a book and magazine 
exchange in your Grange? If not, 
now would be a good time to start one 
or both. The time of year is here 
when the farm family will have more 
time for reading and recreation. An 
exchange system of some sort would 
be a good project for all Subordinate 
Granges. 

Events of grave importance to 
everyone are happening these days in 
rapid succession. The trends of 
thought on economical, political, so- 
cial, and religious affairs are the 
forces that will mold the kind of 
country we shall live in. 

In order that we farm people may 
be better informed and able to under- 
stand the various ideas suggested as 
necessary for future prosperity, peace 
and happiness, it would be well for 
every Grange to have an exchange 
system of some kind by which the 
members could have access to more 
books and magazines without having 
to spend so much money to get them. 
In this way more good reading mate- 
rial would be available to the mem- 
bers and the Lecturer would find more 
people ready to take part in discus- 
sions if they had material at hand to 
use. 

This project should be the responsi- 



bility of the Lecturer, who should 
have a committee to help with the 
plans and work. Some planning must 
be done in order to get books on a 
variety of subjects, so that there will 
be educational material as well as 
some of entertainment. The same 
thing is true of the magazines. If the 
members all bought the same maga- 
zines or magazines of the same type 
there would be no benefit in exchang- 
ing them. The type of magazines 
should be varied enough that members 
could get information on a wide range 
of subjects and the trends of thought 
in the many new policies and theories 
that are being advanced today as a 
panacea for all the ills of our country 
as well as the world in general. 

The Pomona Grange in Bedford 
County has maintained an exchange 
library for a number of years. It is 
financed by Pomona contributing one 
dollar for every dollar contributed by 
a Subordinate Grange. There is a 
variety of material for building well 
balanced programs for special occa- 
sions as well as the regular meetings. 
A committee, with the Pomona Lec- 
turer selects new material as funds 
become available. This material is 
brought to every quarterly meeting 
of Pomona for subordinate lecturers 
to look over and select what they 
think will be useful to them during 
the quarter. They return at this time 
any material they may have had 
loaned from the librarv. 



STORAGE OF VEGETABLES 

The time is here for Victory gard- 
eners to think about the home storage 
of root crops for the winter, such as 
white potatoes, carrots, beets, cabbage, 
turnips, pumpkins, squash, and sweet 
potatoes. 

Pumpkins, squash and sweet pota- 
toes require a dry, heated cellar and 
the other vegetables keep better in a 
ground cellar, unheated and kept 
rather damp. If this is not possible, 
a barrel buried halfway in the ground 
and covered with straw and earth 
with a hole in top of barrel for venti- 
lation will suffice. A spring house is 
another good storage place for vege- 
tables that require a low temperature 
for safe keeping. 

Home Storage of Vegetables, Bulle- 
tin 1939, can be secured from the 
U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
which will give all the details neces- 
sary for storing root crops. Send 
your name and address to Ernest J. 
Moore, Washington, D. C, and ask 
for Bulletin 1939. 



ON THE BEAN 

It's used to stretch coffee, it figures in 

stew. 
They plan to make automobiles of it, 

too. 
It doubles as cloth and explosives and 

soap. 
And plastics and paint and adhesives 

and rope. 

It pads mashed potatoes and meat 

balls and cereal. 
This down-to-earth soy bean, so far 

from ethereal. 
It builds up the muffin, the waffle, the 

roll, 
It's good for the body and good for 

the soul. 



GREEN SOYBEANS- 
EASY TO COOK 

(By the Bureau of Human Nutrition 

and Home Economics, Agricultural 

Research Administration.) 

Cooking green soybeans is an old 
story to our Chinese friends but brand 
new to many an American homemak- 
er, growing soybeans for the first time 
in her Victory Garden. She wants to 
know how to cook them and even 
when to pick them. 

Answering the last question first, 
scientists of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture say soybeans are ready 
for picking when the beans are fully 
developed but the pods are still green. 
At this stage, they have lots of caro- 
tene — plant source of Vitamin A — 
lacking in the dried soybeans. Fresh 
or dried, soybeans are a good source 
of B vitamins — thiamine, riboflavin, 
and niacin — and they contain cal- 
cium, phosphorus, iron, and other 
minerals needed by the body. 

Now about the cooking. Tenderize 
the pods for easy shelling by boiling 
three to five minutes. Pop the beans 
out of the shells and steam or boil 
them in lightly salted water until 
they're tender but not mealy. Time 
of cooking depends on the variety. 
Some will cook as quickly as peas; 
others are more like lima beans. Good 
standard for cooked green soybeans is 
a "nutty" flavor and a firm texture, 
pleasant to the tongue. 

Soybeans pack nutritious goodness 
in small space. They're hearty, hav- 
ing more fat and protein than manv 
other vegetables. In these busy war- 
time days, the homemaker may wish 
to serve them in the simplest way — 
as a green vegetable much like peas 
or lima beans — seasoned with salt and 
pepper to taste and a little melted 
drippings or maybe crisply fried bacon 
or salt pork. They may also be scal- 
loped and baked with tomato or white 
sauce, covered with bread crumbs. 
And the cold, cooked green beans 
make excellent salad. 

Because they have proteins, good in 
quality and quantity, soybeans are 
sometimes used as a main dish. 
Whether to serve them on the meat 
platter or vegetable plate depends on 
the other foods planned for the meal. 

If the Victory Garden crop of soy- 
beans is too large for immediate eat- 
ing, homemakers may can the surplus 
like any other member of the bean 
family in a pressure canner. Cover 
shelled beans with boiling water and 
boil 3 or 4 minutes. Pack hot ; cover 
with fresh boiling water; process at 
10 lb. pressure for 60 minutes if using 
pint jars and 70 minutes for quarts. 



DRY SUDS ADVISED FOR 

CLEANING UPHOLSTERY 

May D. Kemp 

Upholstered furniture and rugs may 
need to be washed to restore their 
brightness though they have been 
thoroughly brushed and cleaned with 
a vacuum. Washing means cleaning 
them with dry suds and not with a 
quantity of soapy water. 

To prepare a dry suds, first make a 
quantity of soap jelly using mild soap 
flakes or bar soap shaved fine. Dis- 
solve the fine soap particles in hot 
water, simmering the mixture and 
stirring it until all the soap has dis- 
solved. This mixture when cold 
should be a fairly firm, clear jelly 
that can be kept in a covered jar or 
crock until ready to use. 

On the cleaning day, take an egf^ 
beater and whip up a portion of the 
jelly until it forms a stiff lather. Ap- 
ply this lather with a sponge or soft 
brush to a small section of the mate- 
rial, using a circular motion. Lightly 
scrape off the suds, then wipe the area 



with a cloth wrung out of clear warm 
water. When all the suds have been 
removed, go over the cleaned area 
with a dry, soft, lintless cloth. Con- 
tinue until the entire surface has been 
cleaned, overlapping the sections. 

Dry suds may be used in much the 
same way for walls, woodwork, and 
washable window shades. 



HONORS FOR A GRANGE LADY 

Honors have come to a Connecticut 
lady, Mrs. Sherman K. Ives, in being 
named on two highly-important 
boards, national and state, respective- 
ly: The former is a place on the 
national advisory committee of the 
Women's Land Army, by appointment 
of M. L. Wilson, director of Extension 
service in the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture. The second appointment 
comes to Mrs. Ives from Governor 
Baldwin, as a member of the group of 
15 leading Connecticut citizens named 
to the state Post War Commission, 
created by act of the last Legislature. 

Mrs. Ives has been for two years 
head of the Home Economics depart- 
ment of the National Grange, in 
which position her work has been of 
outstanding value. 



RECLAIM ALL YARN IN 

HAND KNIT SWEATERS 

Mabel C. McDowell 

Do you have a hand knit sweater 
you're not wearing because it's out of 
shape or it has a few small holes? 
Such a sweater can be unraveled and 
the yarn used to knit another sweater 
or a vest or a waistcoat. 

Sweaters that have too many large 
holes may be put to some other use, 
and sweaters in which the yam is 
matted cannot be unraveled. 

The first step in reclaiming yarn is 
to wash the sweater in rich lukewarm 
soapsuds, squeezing the garment to 
remove the soil. Rinse well in clear 
lukewarm water, roll in turkish tow- 
els to take out excess moisture, then 
lay the sweater on a flat surface to 
dry. 

When the sweater is thoroughly 
dry, start to unravel. Keeping the 
end of the yarn where it can be seen, 
wind the yarn around a small piece of 
board or heavy cardboard. When 
there is a fair sized skein, break the 
yarn and tie the starting and finish- 
ing ends together. At four points, 
the same distance from each other, 
tie a string around the skein on the 
board, then remove it carefully. Re- 
peat this process until the sweater is 
unraveled. 

Dip the skeins of yarn into warm 
water until well soaked. Squeeze out 
excess water, and hang the skeins in 
an airy place out of the sun to dry. 
Tie a weight to the bottom of each 
skein to take out the kinks in the 
yarn. When dry, wind the yarn into 
balls and it is ready for reknitting. 

A machine knit sweater without 
side seams may be unraveled. Cut off 
the top part of the sweater, starting 
at the underarm and use this in some 
other way, such as for making mit- 
tens or tops for bedrooom shoes. 

Machine knit sweaters usually are 
knit with several strands of yarn. To 
unravel, pick up the top strand of 
yarn, unravel it for one complete 
round of the sweater, winding the 
yarn around a board or heavy card- 
board. Pick up the second strand 
and repeat the unraveling and wind- 
ing, doing this for each strand of 
yarn. When the skeins are finished, 
tie, wet, and dry the same as for yarn 
from a hand knit sweater. 



October, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



A man's best things are nearest him, 
Lie close about his feet. — Milnm. 



COURTEOUS ATTENTION 
THROUGH GRANGE PRO- 
GRAMS (WHY LISTEN) 

Mrs. Richard D. Burroughs 

Almost everyone has listened to a 
"Kate Smith" program and have 
heard her say at the conclusion 
"Thanks for listening." 

I have just completed seven years 
as a Grange Lecturer, serving three 
years as subordinate lecturer and four 
years as Pomona Lecturer, and many 
times during those seven years I have 
felt like saying "thanks for listening," 
then again, there have been times 
when I wanted to say "why didn't you 
listen?" 

Let us ponder for a few minutes on 
the question before us, "why listen." 
Every well balanced Grange program 
will contain something of interest to 
every member present, perhaps a 
sister has spent an afternoon of her 
valuable time preparing a paper on 
the subject "preparing vegetables for 
cold storage," there is one vegetable 
that you want to learn about particu- 
larly, just at that moment the sister 
sitting next to you whispers something 
about another sister's new dress, you 
miss just what you want to hear, if 
the sister who is presenting the paper 
lifts her eyes, looks in your direction 
and sees you talking, she may feel 
that the members are not interested 
and her efforts have been in vain. 
Then let us think of the ones who 
commit to memory, perhaps they are 
allergic to noise or passing a note 
across the room may distract them. 
They forget, and lose confidence in 
themselves and it is difficult for them 
to recite again. We must not forget 
that the musical numbers both vocal 
and instrumental deserve the same 
courteous attention as the educational 
number, the recitation, the play or 
skit. 

I think sometimes we are just 
thoughtless and do not realize what 
It means to the individual or group 
who have given their time and talent 
preparing musical entertainment for 
us, and when they strike the first note 
we use it as a signal to start talking. 
I am sure you have seen this happen 
m your Grange, almost everyone of 
U8 have been guilty of this offense, the 
only way we can rectify this is to re- 
solve today that it will not happen 
agam. The lecturer needs all the help 
you can give, you can do your part 
by listening attentively to the pro- 
gram being presented, and save your 
visitmg and talking for the social 
hour. 

You may feel that your Grange is 
a difficult Grange and the members 
are hard to suit. The man who plays 
on the violin may be a bore to the man 

r>! l^® ^"*®' ^' myself have often 
tnought how very much better it 
^ould be if everyone of the Grangers 
A know would only agree with me, 
out since they will not the only way 
to make the world seem bright, is to 
never mind what the others say and 
ao what you think is right. 

CHILDREN CAN LEARN 

EARLY TO COOPERATE 

Marguerite F. Little 

Every day seems to bring more ex- 
jra jobs for the already busy home- 
maker which makes it all the more 
necessary for family cooperation. 

tJemg able to take care of them- 
7Jj^,f \^the biggest contribution that 
small children can make in the family 
P^an. But before they can help verv 
much, some special provisions will 
need to be made. 

ft^Tu ?"^<>^rage children to take care 
01 their clothes, low hooks in the clos- 
w i" , arranged. A low bar or a 
'owel rack that swings out from the 



wall is needed for coats, suits, or 
dresses that are put on hangers. The 
lowest dresser drawer or a corner of 
it may be used for other clothing. 

A box that sets solidly on the floor 
and that may be moved easily from 
place to place will make it possible for 
children to wait on themselves in the 
bathroom. Low hooks for towels, 
washcloths, combs, and toothbrushes 
will help children to keep the bath- 
room neat. A mirror groperly hung 
will encourage children to keep their 
faces clean and hair combed. 

For the small child, a low table and 
chair for mealtime will make him feel 
more grown up and inspire him to act 
that way. Being lifted in and out of 
a baby high chair and developing hab- 
its of self-dependence do not go to- 
gether. 

Children will take more responsibil- 
ity for their eating if they can set 
their own table and pull their own 
chairs up under themselves. Parents 
find that making it possible for chil- 
dren to do for themselves saves time 
and labor and is valuable learning ex- 
periences for the children. 

LUNCH BOX MUST HELP 

FURNISH NEEDED FOODS 

Eleanor B. Winters 



School bells are ringing. To the 
young folks that means spending the 
greater part of the day away from 
home, but to many mothers it means 
packing lunches. 

A lunch box has a big job to do. 
It must furnish foods needed for 
work, play, and growth; it must 
taste good or it won't be eaten; and it 
must be one that will carry well or it 
won't look appetizing. 

With a little thought as to variety, 
planning with other meals of the day, 
and care in packing, lunch box pack- 
ing can be easy and real fun. 

A master plan gives a pattern to 
follow so that the right things get 
into that lunch box. The lunch box 
meal is an essential one so it should 
be planned like any other meal. Ex- 
tension nutritionists of the Pennsyl- 
vania State College suggest the fol- 
lowing pattern: 

1. A drink or soup or fruit juice. 
Have the beverage nourishing — use 
milk regularly in some way. Use 
fruit or vegetable juice for variety. 
Make a hot drink for cold weather 
and a cool one for hot days. Soup 
occasionally is a pleasant surprise. 

2. Sandwiches — the main part of 
the lunch. For good nutrition, have 
part of the bread whole grain. Al- 
ways use enriched white bread. One 
meaty filling and one that is crisp 
or sweet makes an excellent combina- 
tion for the lunch box. Have the 
filling moist and well-seasoned and 
put it out to the edges of the bread. 

3. Add a vegetable in some way. 
Crisp raw carrot or turnip sticks, or a 
cabbage wedge, or a juicy tomato 
gives a crunchiness to the food in 
the lunch box. For variety, put the 
raw vegetable in the sandwich filling. 

4. Everyone has a sweet tooth, so 
fresh or cooked or dried fruit, or a 
simple cake, cookie, or pudding will 
satisfy it. 

After the lunch is planned, is it 
one that would appeal to you when 
you opened it at noon? Check the 
meal and answer these questions: 
Has the lunch something hearty in it ? 
Has it something moist or juicy? 
Has it something to give it flavor or 
spice? Has it something crisp and 
chewy? If you can answer "yes" to 
these questions, the lunch is more 
likely to be one that a child can 
grow on, or a man or woman can work 
on. Chances are the lunch will be 
appetizing and be eaten to the last 
crumb. 



Additional suggestions for the 
school lunch are given in Circular 
241, "Planning Lunches for School 
Children." A free copy may be ob- 
tained upon request. 



THE TRACTOR can be used in 
moving fences. Woven wire can be 
stretched from the tractor bar if the 
fence is not too long and the tractor 
brake is good, or there is some one 
to block the wheels. A better job 
can be done with a block and tackle, 
but it requires setting another post 
unless there is a tree handy. 



AUTUMN 

Now Autumn strews on every plain 
His mellow fruits and fertile grain; 
And laughing plenty, crown'd with 

sheaves. 
With purple grapes and spreading 

leaves. 
In rich profusion pours around 
Her flowering treasures on the ground. 
Oh! mark the great, the liberal hand. 
That scatters blessings o'er the land; 
And to the God of nature raise 
The grateful song, the hymn of 

praise. 



'i 



Oui 



All pattenis 18c. Mich la stami^s mr cola (c»ia pref«rr«d). 




3089 — For the college, or career girl — a 
dress that's a real asset to the busy 
day. Sizes 12 to 20. Size 16, 2% 
yds. 54-ln. fabric with % yd. con- 
trasting. 

3429 — Everyone will be wearing more skirts 
and blouses this year to save their 
other clothes — these soft feminine 
blouses are particularly pretty. Sizes 
10 to 40. Size 16, short sleeved 
blouse with collar. 2 yds. 39-In. 
fabric; long-sleeved blouse, 2% 
yds. 39-ln fabric, 3V6 yds. edging: 
slip-on blouse, 2 yds. 39-in, fabric. 

2716 — Simple enough to wear to the ofBce, 
and smart enough to go out In at 
night. Sizes 12 to 42. Size 86. 
SMi yds. 39-In. fabric. 
■This dress Is a real stand-by and it Is 
particularly well suited to the larg- 
er, or medium size figure. Sizes 1« 
to 50. Size 36, 4% yds. 39-ln. 
fabric. 



2S6'4 



2043 — A sweet little dress and well-cut box 
coat to go over it. Sizes 1, 2, 3 and 
4 yni. Size 2 yrs.. 1% yds. 35-ln. 
fabric with 1 yd. ruffling, dress; H4 
yds. 64-ln. fabric for the coat. 

2724 — The patriotic V motif in this Jumper 
with the fashionable broad shoul- 
ders and tapered waistline. Sizes 
10 to 20. Size 16, 1% yds. 54-In. 
fabric. Jumper ; 2 yds. 39-ln. fabric 
for the blouse. 

3365 — Everyone needs at least one frock 
such as this that's pretty and fes- 
tive. Sizes 10 to 44. Size 36, 3% 
yds. 39-ln. fabric. 

2087 — Another ensemble for a girl, this on* 
cut along slim princess lines. Slies 
2 to 10. Size 4. 1% yds. 36-ln. 
fabric with % y<j. contrastlns and 
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.olor'^''pH'r f *"-^*"^f ^*«»»'"" ^°<"^ h" over 175 exciting pattern design, shown In full 
color. Price 15c, or only lOc when ordered with a pattern. 



Address, giving number and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 

427 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg. Pa. 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, 1943 



! 

I 



T! 



I 



OUR JUVENILE GRANGES 

MRS. LUCY SHUMWAY. Wyalusing 



OCTOBER 

The fields are harvested and bare, 
And winter whistles through the 

square 
October dresses in flame and gold 
Like a woman afraid of growing old. 

Of all the months of the year Octo- 
ber has the most interesting name. 
To begin with we all know that it is 
the tenth month of the year and yet 
its name which derives from the word 
"octo" means eight. Of course this 
comes from the fact that in the an- 
cient Roman calendar October was the 
eighth month. For some unknown 
reason the world has insisted on keep- 
ing this name for the month in spite 
of many attempts to change it. 

We had named one month for Ju- 
lius Caesar, another for Augustus Cae- 
sar, so when Germanicus Caesar, a 
kinsman of the other Ciesars and a 
distinguished general won great fame 
by his campaigns against the Germans 
the Senate voted to honor him by 
naming this month for him. Some 
years later the Senate changed the 
name^ to Antonius in honor of the 
reigning emperor, Antonius Pius. 
This also failed to become popular 
with the public so later they tried 
naming it for Faustina, the wife of 
Antonius. The name was changed a 
fourth time to honor the emperor 
Commodus who called himself the Ro- 
man Hercules and insisted that he be 
worshiped as a god. But none of 
these attempts to give the month a 
different name was permanently suc- 
cessful. 

The old Saxons also made several 
attempts to change the name of the 
month. They tri<jd to name it "Teo- 
monath" meaning tenth month. For 
a tirne they called it Win-monath, or 
the time for making wine. They also 
called it Winterfallyth, because win- 
ter was supposed to begin with the 
full moon of October. 

So you see we might now be saying, 
"I am going to gather my apples and 
nuts in Germanicus, Hercules, Faus- 
tina, Antonius, Wine-month, Thenth- 
month, or Winterfalleth." I wonder 
if they don't taste a little better be- 
■cause we still gather them in October. 



DAYS TO CELEBRATE 

IN OCTOBER 

October fourth is a Catholic feast 
day which has for many centuries 
been kept by Christians of all denomi- 
nations in honor of St. Francis of 
Assisi. St. Francis was one of the 
humblest, but has become one of the 
most honored, heroes of the Christian 
church. His life has inspired poets 
and painters. Churches have been 
named in his honor, as has also a large 
city and bay in this country — what 
is it? 

There are many stories and poems 
about St. Francis that would be of 
great interest to children. You might 
look up some of them for one of your 
October programs. 

October seventh is the birthday of 
the well-loved children's poet, James 
Whitcomb Riley. He is one of the 
few poets whose birthday began to be 
generally celebrated while he was yet 
alive. Children love Riley's poems, 
they are easy to memorize and seem 
to strike a responsive chord in the 
child heart. Some of the poems you 
might like to use on your program are : 
"The Happy Cripple," "The Run- 
away Boy," "My Mother," "Grandfa- 
ther Squeers," "The Fishing Trip," 
"'Our Hired Man," "Our Hired Girl," 



"The Bumble Bee," "When the Frost 
Is on the Pumpkin," and many oth- 
ers; there is just no place to stop. 
In fact, you might have a James 
Whitcomb Riley year. Have one of 
his poems on each program for the 
year, and as one of your projects raise 
the money to buy a complete set of his 
poems for your school or county li- 
brary. 

October twelfth — Columbus Day. 
October sixteenth — Apple Day. 
This month is also known as Apple 
Month and I think we might easily 
feature apples on all our October pro- 
grams. We all know at least one 
thing that we can do with apples. 
You can use apples in a lot of games 
and races; — see which one of a select- 
ed group can pare an apple quickest, 
leaving the skin in one continuous 
strip, have a relay race with the 
contestants carrying apples on their 
heads, pick a group of boys for* an 
apple-eating race. Give each one half 
an apple. See which can first finish 
eating their apple and sing or whistle 
a line of Yankee Doodle. You can 
easily assemble a dozen pictures repre- 
senting the names of different vari- 
eties of apples. Use as a contest. 
Johnny Appleseed said, "Apples are 
God's food." Have someone tell the 
story of Johnny Appleseed. 

October twenty-first is the birthday 
of Will Carlton. Children of today 
are not as familiar with Will Carl- 
ton's poems as were their grandfathers 
and grandmothers. You might enjoy 
reviving some of them. How about 
having someone recite "A Smack in 
School"? 

October twenty-fourth is Pennsyl- 
vania Day. 

Let's do something about that this 
year. Material will be easy to find. 
October twenty-seventh is the birth- 
day of Theodore Roosevelt. It is also 
known as Navy Day. There is a rea- 
son for placing the observance of fes- 
tivals honoring the U. S. Navy on 
Theodore Roosevelt's birthday. Have 
someone find out what this reason is 
and tell about it on one of your late 
October programs. Sing some Navy 
songs, etc. 

And then, of course, there is Octo- 
ber thirty-first bringing Halloween. 
This year let us be very careful of the 
sort of pranks we play on Halloween. 
As JINNS we have promised to be 
careful of materials, and we should 
all realize that farmers are too busy 
with work that is very vital to spend 
any time looking up tools or gates or 
anything of that sort. Instead of 
playing pranks let us, this year, con- 
tent ourselves with indoor fun and 
games. 

A good program would be a roll 
call where each one told of some old 
Halloween custom or belief. Finish 
up by dramatizing some old custom: 
for instance, you could give each one 
a stub of a candle fastened to a 
square of pasteboard. Light the can- 
dles and go out and march around the 
yard. Illustrating the old Scottish cus- 
tom of each family carrying lighted 
torches into the fields on Halloween 
to insure good crops for the following 
year. But be sure you march "wid- 
dershins" or against the course of 
the sun, or your journey will be in 
vain. At the end of your march 
gather around a campfire which has 
been prepared and lighted in advance 
by some of the older members. When 
you have gathered around the fire all 
the candles are blown out except one. 
The person holding this places his 
candle on the ground by the fire and 



begins to tell a witch or ghost story. 
He keeps the story going until his 
candle burns out (short candles will 
soon be extinguished by the heat of 
the fire). Just before the candle 
flickers out the person on the speak- 
ers left lights his candle from it and 
places it on the ground and goes on 
with the story, and so on around the 
circle. 

"Turn your boots toward the street, 
Leave your garters on your feet, 
Put your stockings on your head, 
You'll dream of the one your going 
to wed." 




October, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



JUVENILE ACTIVITIES 

We had an interesting group of 
pictures and a letter from Willard 
Juvenile in Lawrence County this 
month. This Juvenile started in June, 




1942, with fourteen members. They 
now have twenty-three with another 
initiation coming up soon. Their 
Matron, Mrs. Harold Wigton, writes 
that they do a nice job of putting on 
the degree. She says they have one 
Subordinate member come down to 
visit them each evening. Also that 
one of the men from the Subordinate 
comes in to help them with their busi- 
ness, check up on their ritualistic 
work, etc. They have taken the 
JINNS pledge. They wrote essays 
for the national essay contest and 
read them before the Subordinate 
where they were judged and the win- 
ning one sent on to the State Super- 




intendent. They have had a swim- 
ming party for their Juveniles, an 
ice-cream supper, and a picnic. 

The group picture was taken on 
their picnic. The two girls are their 
Lecturer and Flora. The boy on the 
pony is their Assistant Steward. 

When you see how many good ideas 
this one letter contained you will un- 
derstand why I keep urging you to 
send me letters about your activities. 

The Matron of Kimberton Juvenile 
in Chester Co. sent us a copv of a 
good citizenship program which they 
put on for their Subordinate. This 
also presented fine ideas and was so 
good that I am giving it to you. 



KIMBERTON JUVENILE HAS 
GOOD CITIZENSHIP PROGRAM 

Kimberton Juvenile Grange pre- 
sented the following program for the 
Subordinate Grange: 

Remarks by the Lecturer, Betty 
Mae Cook, on Good Citizenship, 
Loyalty, and Love of Country 

A Little Boy's Prayer 

Tommy Rhodes 

Greeting Song (from the Diamond 
Jubilee pamphlet) all the Juveniles 

Country Girls Creed (from Juvenile 

page. Grange News) 

Mary Ellen York 

Three Motion Songs 

Jane Ann and Ruth Yeager 

Paper, "Dogs in War" 

Chaplain, Sally Fish 

Poem, "Equipment" . . . Harry Fisher 

A group of eight Patriotic Songs 
with Florence Fisher as reader, 
Loretta Strause, soloist, and Mrs. 
Gyger at the piano. 

The Juvenile Master, Joan Davis, 
presented a paper called "A Little 
of This and That," consisting of 
jokes on the Subordinate mem- 
bers. 

Song, "Grangers" (from Jubilee 
pamphlet) 

Playlet Joan Davis, 

Betty Dunmore, and Norman 
Segner 

The Matron entertained the Juve- 
niles with a poem called "The 
Kentucky Watermelon" 



OUR CHILDREN 

The floor is strewn with blocks and 
cars, 
A train and a rubber ball. 

r do declare I'm scared to walk. 
For fear I'll trip and fall. 

liut people say I should not mind- 
Let the children play! 

Some day I'll wish they were back, 
Just as they are today. 



DAIRY CLUB MEMBERS 

TO RECEIVE AWARDS 

A. L. Baker 

Nine outstanding Pennsylvania 4-H 
dairy club members will receive 
awards for their achievements. 

The awards, nine $25 war bonds, 
will be made for excellence of work in 
the period from October 1, 1943 to 
March 31, 1944. Members of first- 
year calf clubs, second-year heifer 
clubs, and third-year dairy production 
clubs will be eligible. 

Three main factors will be con- 
sidered in selecting recipients of the 
awards : first, general 4-H Club activ- 
ity of the member; second, the dairy 
club records which the club member 
has completed and which should be 
submitted along with the nomination 
made by the county agent; and third, 
the club member's general dairy 
knowledge and the practices which he 
is following on the home farm. 

The Dairymen's League, the Inter- 
state Milk Producers' Cooperative 
Association, and the Pittsburgh 
Dairy Council are providing the funds 
for the awards. These organizationB 
for some years have given encourage- 
ment to 4-H dairy club work in 
Pennsylvania. 



AMONG THE GRANGES 

Activities of the Order in Various Localities 



POTTER COUNTY 

POMONA HOLDS 

QUARTERLY SESSION 

Potter County Pomona Grange No. 
54 was held with West Bingham 
Grange No. 1328 on August 26, with 
the three Juvenile Granges in the 
county as guests. The morning ses- 
sion was in charge of Pomona Master 
A. L. Prince. When the subordinate 
reports for the second and third 
quarters were read, they showed a 
small increase in membership. No 
June meeting was held because of the 
transportation problem. 

The afternoon program was in 
charge of Pomona Lecturer Mrs. 
Anita Prince. The address of wel- 
come was given by John Hackett, 
Master of West Bingham Grange and 
the response by Hon. Rayburn Hall, 
of Ellisburg Grange. A fine Memo- 
rial Service was presented by Pomona 
Chaplain Jane Graham. There were 
songs by the Grange, readings by 
various members, a short address by 
State Deputy G. C. Hauber in which 
he paid special tribu tp to Brothers 
William Leonard and W. F]. Worden, 
a solo by Sister Alice Matteson, roll 
call of Granges, and decoration of tho 
altar by Sisters Fern Champlin and 
Mary Frank. 

The Burtville Juvenile Grange gave 
a fine program of songs and recita- 
tions, in charge of their Matron, Mrs. 
Knight. Central Juvenile gave a 
play, "The Kink in Tissie's Wedding." 
Their matron Lucille McKlroy was 
assisted by June Havens. Mrs. Jes- 
sie Scott, of Farm Womens Organiza- 
tions of Cumberland County, gave a 
talk on food production and the need 
for better crops. She also had samples 
of the high protein food being de- 
veloped from distillery products to 
help the dairy and chicken feed short- 
age. Miss Marion Stone, of Couders- 
port, presented plans for the new War 
Bond Drive. 

Mrs. Bertha McEIroy, Chairman of 
the Home Economics ( 'ommittee, had 
a display of renovated clothing, which 
was the project of Juno meeting, and 
explained the Victory Garden exhibit 
she hopes to have for the November 
meeting. 

The AAA field man, Kenneth 
iieachley, of Harrisburg, showed 
motion pictures at an open evening 
meetmg. They presented the food 
aemands of our allies and how thev 
7^^''%being met ; also the problems of 

A \"^^^sh and American farmers. 
and the part that is being plaved bv 
the farmer's wife and family. He 
a so talked on the potato crop and 
P'ans being made to finance it. The 
crop estimate is 443 million bushels. 

A play "Lemuel's Little Shock," 

c!T\^i ^^ *^^ y«""^ people of 
central (rrange, caused lots of laughs 

F,-tll ^^^^^^ were present and the 
uitn JJegree was conferred on a class 
01 eighteen. Reports were given by 
the Resolution Committee and Fi- 
nance Committee. It was decided to 
D/n,^f '^'Jl,^^^ *^e use of the State 
ml I'r -^^^^e were three Past Po- 
ord?n . ■fr^'"'' twenty-four Past Sub- 
n? ^ ^^asters, and about 120 other 
r^r V P?"^"^- The next meeting 

ITWoo % ^^^^ ^" November with 
uiysses Grange. 



en members were mentioned as eli- 
gible for Silver Star Certificates, 
having had twenty-five years of con- 
tinuous membership in Subordinate 
Grange. 

Dr. W. W. Lantz, County Superin- 
tendent of Schools, spoke on the sub- 
ject, "Rural Youth in the War P^mer- 
gency"; and Mr. J. S. Champion, 
County Supervisor of Vocational 
Agriculture, conducted a panel dis- 
eussion on "Opportunities and Obli- 
gations for Youth in Post- War 
Agriculture." The elimination match 
was held to determine Pomona's 
representative in the spelling match 
to be held at the State Grange meet- 
ing. 

A degree team comprising members 
of Montour Valley Grange very cred- 
itably conferred the Fifth Degree on 
a class of forty-two candidates. 



BERKS COUNTY POMONA 
HAS INTERESTING MEETING 

Berks County Pomona Grange No. 
43 met for its quarterly meeting in 
Bernville Community Hall on Sep- 
tember 4 as guests of Bernville 
Grange No. 1887. The welcome ad- 
dre^is was given by Brother Frank W. 
! Ruth, and the response bv Brother 
' Floyd M. Merkel, of Virgiiiville 
Grange. 

Pomona ^faster F. Cover O'Flah- 
orty presided over both sessions. The 
Past Master's Medal was presented to 
Brother Paul Lied by George Schuler. 
County Agent Charles Adams out- 
lined the plans for extension work 
in the county for the coming session. 

The main address of the afternoon 
was given by Prof. John Guass, As- 
sistant Agricultural Economist of 
State College. His talk on "The 
Agricultural Situation" was centered 
around three main thoughts: Food, 
Feed, and Real Estate. It was fol- 
lowed by a (|uestion and answer 
period in whieli many patrons par- 
ticipated. 

The Pomona Music Festival was 
held according to plans outlined by 
the State Lecturer. "B e a u t i f u 1 
Dreamer," by Stephen Foster, wns the 
required number and each chorus had 
the privilege of choosing its second 
number. Prof. May. of Strausstown, 
was the judge and after offering good 
constructive criticism, selected Vir- 
gin ville Grange as the winner. They 
sang as their second number, "Dear 
Land of Home," a Finlandia arrange- 
ment by Jean Silabeaus. Other con- 
testants were Bernville Grange, Fleet- 
wood Grange, Gouglersville Grange, 
and Ontelaunee Grange. Fjoch of 
these are to be complimented on their 
cooperation and rendition of well se- 
lected numbers. The literary program 
consisted of songs, readings, recita- 
tions, and a playlet. 

It was decided to hold the next 
meeting in the Consolidated School as 
guests of Ontelaunee Grange. 



Prior to a covered dish luncheon, 
which was also served in the base- 
ment, the Grange held a brief busi- 
ness session with the master, Mrs. 
Frank L. Magill, in charge. At that 
time short talks on legislation were 
given by Frank L. Magill and Benja- 
min Kirson, and Mrs. James P. Mc- 
Laughlin gave an account of the quar- 
terly meeting of Lower Bucks and 
Philadelphia Pomona Grange, No. 22, 
held at Woodside last week. 

Among the guests were Mr. and 
Mrs. S. Wilfred Smith, of Pineville 
Grange, who spoke briefly relative to 
the fine work of the home economics 
committee of Lower Bucks Pomona, 
of which Mrs. Watson Rockafellow, 
of the local Grange, is the chairman. 

Frank L. Magill spoke of the third 
war loan drive and of the importance 
of purchasing bonds. 

First prize winners in the exhibit 
were announced as follows: Canned 
goods, lima beans, Mrs. Howard 
Flack; tomatoes, Mrs. Watson Rocka 
fellow ; string beans, carrots, peas and 
peaches, Mrs. Howard Flack; corn. 
Mrs. Frank L. Magill; asparagus, 
blackberries and cherries, Mrs. Wat- 
son Rockafellow; relish, Mrs. Frank 
L. Magill; jelly, Mrs. S. Wilfred 
Smith and dried corn, Mrs. Watson 
Rockafellow. 

Flowers: asters, Mrs. Helen Hen- 
ry; small zinnias, Mrs. Albert E. 
Spratt; large zinnias, Mrs. Thomas 
Wells; large marigolds, Mrs. Howard 
Flack; special yellow marigolds, Mrs. 
Thomas Wells; French marigolds. 
Miss Clara Rice; gladiolus, Mrs. E. 
Clarence Buckman; tuberoses, Mrs. 
John Alcott; butterfly bush, Mrs. 
Frank H. Lake; roses, Mrs. Helen 
Henry; petunias, Mrs. Weiler; zin- 
nias, Mrs. Frank H. Lake; duo ar- 
rangement, Mrs. H. Harvey Vasey. 

Miscellaneous: white bread, Mrs. 
George Foster; sweet potatoes and 
brown eggs, Theodore Rockafellow; 
apples, Thomas Wells; Seckel pears. 
Theodore liockafellow; display of 
vegetables, S. Wilfred Smith, and bas- 
ket of tomatoes, George Foster. 



^^XL^ no. 42 MEETS WITH 
MONTOUR VALLEY GRANGE 

Allegheny County Pomona Grange 

Konfn,'"^?\!"^^''^^*^"^ meeting with 
contour Valley Grange recently. Sev- 



PATRONS OF TYRO HALL 

CONDUCT FARM EXHIBIT 

Sponsored by Tyro Hall Grange, a 
largely attended farm products show 
was held in the basement of the 
Grange hall. The display of flowers 
was quite extensive. Inexpensive 
prizes were awarded the winners. 

Judges were Mrs. T. L. Ashbridge, 
Mrs. Walter B. Wiley, Miss Miriam 
Broadhurst, Miss Ethel Beadles, 
formerly home economics representa- 
tive in the county, and County Agent 
VVilliam F. Greenawalt. 



FIFTH DEGREE IS CON- 
FERRED ON BUTLER 

COUNTY GRANGERS 

An exceptionally fine meeting of 
Pomona Grange convening Tuesday. 
September 6, at Unionville, wns cli 
maxed by conferring of the Fifth De- 
gree or the Degree of Pomona upon 
57 Fourth Degree members. A degree 
team consisting of Grangers from 
Unionville and Slippery Rock and 
directed by Harvey Moore, of Union- 
ville, executed drills, and presented 
the degree in masterly fashion. Tab- 
leaux and court scenes directed by 
Mrs. Charles Cress, were beautiful 
against bowers of flowers. 

Mr. Brandon prefaced the degree 
work with an extremely interesting 
explanation of some phases of Grange 
background. ^ 

Music at the evening meeting wa-^ 
provided by Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Hock- 
enberry and Arthur Rennick. During 
a period of group singing the Grang- 
ers sang a song dedicated to our boys 
in the service, written by Mr. Hock- 
enberry and set to music by Mrs. 
Ilockenberry. 

A skit presented by Lester Stough- 
ton, Charles Martsolf, Mrs. Lee 
O'Donnell and Mrs. John Cranmer 
created hilarity by its surprise end- 
ing. 

"The Harvest for Victory'' with 
special stress on food as a first essen- 
tial in the war effort was the theme 
of the afternoon program arranged 
by Mrs. Paul Rennick, lecturer. Con- 
tributing to this theme were music 
and a tableaux "Produce and Pre- 
serve," presented by Eureka Grange. 



Kenneth Wimer and William Jer- 
vis, Future Farmers, of Slippery 
Rock, under the direction of Prof. 
Walter Hess, demonstrated profitable 
hog raising. 

Gilda Fewkes, Susan Montag and 
Norma Fewkes, 4H girls, of Mt. 
Chestnut, showed by a ishort play 
directed by Mrs. Cranmer, the need 
for careful buying and preparation 
of food. 

In the panel discussion conducted 
by H. K. Anders, Assistant County 
Agent, the Rev. W. L. McMillan, of 
Unionville, in reply to "How Are the 
People as a Whole Responding to 
Christianity?" spoke optimistically of 
the present trend, but suggested that 
church attendance might well in- 
crease. Comments from various boys 
whose names are on service flags in 
our churches indicate, he said, that 
they would like to know that their 
parents were meeting each Sabbath 
with a group acknowledging and pe- 
titioning Divine Power. 

John T. Connell, county 8ui)erin- 
tendent of schools, in discussing 
"School Problems," indicated that 
there would be fewer problems and 
increased efficiency in our schools if 
all parents would interest themselves 
in their children's education and 
would cooperate with the teacher. 
This is more than ever necessary, he 
said, during the period of teacher 
shortage when there is a greater per- 
centage of new teachers and labor 
shortage and the resulting wages 
young people may now receive make 
the pupil impatient of the necessity 
for attending school. 

"The home is at fault," said Roy 
Wick, in discussing Community 
Health and the Home. Parents are 
not emphasizing proper hours or 
proper and regular meals. Because 
of the restless spirit of these times 
and the stress of living, we are per- 
mitting ourselves to set aside laws of 
health that should govern at all times. 
Mrs. Homer Byers, of West Sun- 
bury Grange, also emphasized the 
responsibility of parents in providing 
adult leadership for youth organiza- 
tions which we recognize as character 
building. "The organization is 
right," she said, "the young people 
are eager, but the adults fail them." 
Charles Dicky, Master of Slippery 
Rock Grange, in giving agricultural 
facts and figures quoted. "We can 
accomplish the impossible. The mi- 
raculous sometimes takes longer." He 
showed how farmers had accomplished 
the impossible by increasing produc- 
tion 14% in 1942. They sought to 
accomplish the miraculous by meet- 
ing government demands for still 
more production under most adverse 
labor conditions. 

Ira Behm, of Harmony, told by 
figures how we were approaching the 
miraculous. 

Keen interest was shown in legis- 
lation at the business session pre- 
sider over by William Weckerly, Po- 
mona Master. A resolution was ap- 
proved to request our State and 
National Grange Legislative Com- 
mittees to send out more advance in- 
formation on bills that ^re to be 
presented to our lawmaking bodies. 

Again by resolution sent to proper 
authorities the Grange sought to do 
away with daylight saving time, 
which leaves too many dewey hours 
between milking and working in the 
field. The helpers who come from 
town arrive when it is too wet to 
harvest and must leave when there are 
yet two or three hours of the best 
harvesting time of the day. 

Thanks was unanimously given to 
all those "who have helped to relieve 
the farm labor situation this past 
summer, the grade and high school 
boys and girls and all other organize - 
(Concluded on page I4.) 



ill' 



'V 

'II 

'Ml 



I 
I 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, I943 



I 



I 



\ 



.' 






WAR BONDS SOLD AT YORK 
COUNTY GRANGE FAIR 

Valley Grange No. 1360, York 
County, held its annual Grange Fair 
on Sept. 11 in the Grange Hall. Ap- 
proximately 200 exhibits were on dis- 
play including vegetables, fruits, 
grains, canned fruit and vegetables, 
jellies and flowers; also, a beautiful 
display of very fine fancy work, in- 
cluding crocheted tablecloth and bed- 
spread. 

War Bonds and stamps were sold 
at a very attractive booth by Mrs. 
H. C. Hetrick, chairman of the local 
Third War Loan Committee. Mrs. 
Hetrick was assisted by a War Bond 
Committee from the Grange. On this 
committee were Blaine Seitz, Lloyd 
Wilt, and Evelyn Pentz. Grange 
members as well as their friends were 
enthusiastic in their purchase of War 
Bonds and Stamps, the sales totalling 
$3500. 

A delicious corn soup supper was 
served by the ladies of the Grange, in 
charge of the Supper Committee. 

Valley Grange also entered an ex- 
hibit at the York Inter State Fair, 
which won First Prize. The slogan 
of the exhibit was "Food for Victory." 
The members of the committee in 
charge of the Grange Fair and the ex- 
hibit at the County Fair were George 
Spahr, John David Kilmore, and 
Dorothy Conley. 



POMONA OF UPPER BUCKS 

OBSERVES ANNIVERSARY 

Chalfont, Aug. 24— The fiftieth an- 
niversary of Upper Bucks Pomona 
Grange, No. 50, was observed by that 
organization at its quarterly session 
held here as the guest of Chalfont 
Grange, Saturday. 

The morning session was held in 
the Grange hall, and later the mem- 
bers and guests went to Forest Park 
nearby, where the dinner was follow- 
ed by the anniversary service in the 
park auditorium. 

The program opened with the sing- 
ing of "Drive Your Cares Away With 
a Song," followed by a reading, "Our 
Grange Folks," by Mrs. Josiah Shus- 
ter, Keller^s Church Grange. A vocal 
duet, "Are Ye Able ?" was rendered by 
Mrs. Clarence Rosenberger and Miss 
Margaret Marks, of Great Swamp 
Grange. 

The early history of Upper Bucks 
Pomona Grange was given by Harry 
S. Johnson, Richland Grange, who 
served as secretary for over 25 years. 
He gave many of the early statistics 
of the organization, with July 20, 
1893, at the date of its beginning. At 
that time Franklin Grange, still in ex- 
istence at Springtown, and a Grange 
at Durham and one at Kintnersville 
composed the Pomona Frange. These 
latter two later passed out of exist- 
ence, but other Granges organized in 
the upper end of the county were add- 
ed. These include Richland, Chal- 
font, Plumsteadville, Keller's Church 
and Great Swamp Granges and sev- 
eral others whose existence was of 
short duration. 

After Richland Grange was organ- 
ized the meetings for a number of 
years alternated between Franklin 
Grange and Richland before any other 
Grange was organized. During the 
early history of Pomona Grange new 
members were added at each meet- 
ing, and at some of the sessions an 
evening meeting was held in addition 
to the morning and afternoon meet- 
ings. 

The second half of the history was 
given by the present secretary, Mrs. 
Clara Johnson Moyer. During this 
later period there was still a contin- 
ued increase in membership, and 
many progressive projects were spon- 
sored or at least endorsed by Pomona. 



During this period there was also for 
some years a series of traveling gavel 
meetings, during which a gavel was 
presented to Upper Bucks at some 
regular meeting by delegations from 
other county Pomona granges, and 
this gavel was later delivered by a 
delegation of local members to some 
other Pomona. 

Poems of a reminiscent nature 
were given by Mrs. Mary Rau, Frank- 
lin Grange. These were "The Old- 
Fashioned Breakfast" and "Old Fash- 
ioned Friendship." 

The main feature of the afternoon 
was an address by the overseer of the 
State Grange, Beatty Dimit, of Indi- 
ana State Teachers' College. Using 
as an example the Greek god, Janus, 
which had two faces and looked for 
ward and backward, Mr. Dimit re- 
called past conditions and the stu- 
pendous improvements which this 
nation has seen, and looks forward to 
even greater improvements in trans- 
portation, communication, medical 
care, pre-fabricated houses and many 
other things. 

Great as these improvements have 
been and will continue to be, said Mr. 
Dimit, even greater improvements are 
taking place in the hearts of men. 
Some of these changes, he said, are 
decidedly for the better, while others 
are just as decidedly in the opposite 
direction. 

Among the vicious tendencies fac- 
ing the farm people of this country, 
today, he said, is the tendency toward 
government subsidies for farmers, 
which up to this time have had only 
detrimental results, and always will 
have. Farm subsidies, he said, are 
linked with government control of 
schools, churches and the public press 
often in a hidden manner by means of 
sudsidies or hidden payments. The 
dangers connected with this system 
were portrayed by Mr. Dimit. 

Speaking of the present war, Mr. 
Dimit declared that the best soldier is 
not the one who has developed the 
spirit of hate for the enemy, but 
rather the one who fights for home 
and the principles of democracy. The 
spirit of hate, he declared, must be 
displaced by the spirit of love and fra- 
ternity. 

"In order to prepare for the peace 
which will follow we must now begin 
to cultivate the spirit of friendship 
for others, even if their color and 
race appear to be different from our 
own," said Mr. Dimit. 

This address was followed by a se- 
lection by the chorus of the Plum- 
steadville Grange, which sang the 
new number, "Hymn on Rural Life," 
composed by the chaplain of the 
Pennsylvania State Grange. This 
hymn is intended to be used by the 
Granges of the State in their (i- 
servance of rural life Sunday. 

A playlet, '^Vitamin Q," was given 
by a group of women of Chalfont 
Grange. 

Statistics prepared by the secretary 
revealed that Sixteen Masters have 
served during these fifty years, and 
eleven lecturers have served during 
the same period. 

During the morning session the 
business of the organization was con- 
ducted. This included, among other 
items, the reports of the six subordi- 
nate Granges in the district. Twenty- 
new members have been added during 
the three-month period since the last 
Pomona meeting. Six new members 
were added to the Pomona Grange at 
this meeting. Four were from Chal- 
font Grange, one from Richland 
Grange and one from Franklin 
Grange. 

The next meeting of Pomona 
Grange will be held at the headquar- 
ters of Keller's Church Grange in No- 
vember. 




The L>'coming Hotel, Williamsport 



The Lycoming Hotel will be Grange 
headquarters when the Seventy-first 
Session of the Pennsylvania State 
Grange convenes at Williamsport on 
December 14. 

The management has set aside 150 
rooms for the Grange. The rate is 
$4.75 for two people per room. If 
three people occupy a room, the rate 



is $6.75 per room. Requests for res- 
ervations at the Lycoming should be 
sent to Executive Committee member 
Albert E. Madigan, Towanda, Pa. 

Reservations at other Williamsport 
hotels or for rooms in private homes 
should be made through Mr. C. E. 
Noyes, Secretary of the Community 
Trade Association of Williamsport. 



MONROE AND PIKE 

POMONA MEETS 

AT MATAMORIS 

Pomona Grange No. 64 was the 
guest of Mount Prospect Grange on 
Saturday, September 18. 

The program was prepared by Sister 
Martha Mallett in the absence of Po- 
mona Lecturer, Phyllis Orben, who is 
serving her country in the WACS. 
During the day an interesting letter 
was read from Sister Orben who is 
stationed at Daytona Beach, Florida. 

Following a musical program, the 
Grange listened to the speaker of the 
afternoon, Ralph Decker of Sussex, 
formerly County Superintendent of 
Schools. Mr. Decker gave a fine his- 
torical background of our freedom 
and democracy and spoke in an in- 
formed way of the agricultural situa- 
tion. 

William Davis, of Milford, showed 
an educational film on Fire Preven- 
tion. 

The evening meeting consisted of a 
program of entertainment, the confer- 
ring of the fifth degree and an address 
by Deputy Master Snyder. 

The next meeting of this Pomona 
will be with Hamilton Grange in De- 
cember. 



PLEASANT VALLEY 

GRANGE HOLDS BOOSTER 

NIGHT MEETING 

One hundred and twenty-five mem- 
bers and guests of Pleasant Valley 
Grange No. 1957, Fayette County, 
met for supper and Booster Night 
program September 17. 

Music was furnished by the Sun- 
day-school orchestra of Mt. Pleasant 
and the 4-H club members of West- 



moreland and Fayette counties were 
guests of honor. Addresses were given 
by Joseph Thurston, club leader, and 
William Jefferies of State College. 

At the meeting following the 
supper, the Grange purchased a $100 
War Bond and made plans for the 
Grange Fair to be held September 29 
to October 2. Brother Shoemaker, 
Master of Ohiopyle Grange and Po- 
mona Master, Earl Langley of Union- 
town, were the speakers at this 
session. 

"TWILIGHT THOUGHTS" 

I like to think, at end of day. 
That on sad lips a smile may play- 
That someone may have learned to 

bear 
A bit more courage, hope and cheer, 
And that they may like ripples spread 
Because of some kind word Pve said. 

I like to think when day is done, 
That I have helped some weary one— 
That someone's tired hands and feet 
Are rested and her heart more sweet- 
Some tired face may be ashine 
Because of some kind deed of mine! 
— Roberta Symmes. 



BUTLER COUNTY POMONA 

(Concluded from page IS.) 
tions that have responded so nobly in 
our great need of help as so many of 
our farm boys have been called to 
service 

"Second," the resolution adds, "We 
appreciate the help given by those 
school boards who are allowing pupils 
this fall to be absent part of the day 
to help harvest our crops. 

The December meeting of Pomona 
will be held in Butler Tuesday, I>e- 
cember 7. 



October, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 15 



THE NATIONAL GRANGE 

PURCHASES A NEW HOME 

Washington, D. C, September 20 — 
Purchase by the National Grange of 
the modern, eight story office build- 
ing at 744 Jackson Place, facing 
Lafayette Park, was announced here 
today by the Executive Committee of 
the farm organization. The Grange 
expects to occupy space in its new 
home, but no immediate move is plan- 
ned. For the present, the Grange will 
retain its offices in the People's In- 
surance Building at 1343 H. Street, 

The Grange bought the building 
from the Brookings Institution, whose 
own offices are only a few doors re- 
moved. Other distinguished neigh- 
bors facing LaFayette Park include 
the White House, the State Depart- 
ment, the Treasury Building and the 
Treasury Annex, the Veterans Ad- 
ministration, the Cosmos Club, the 
r. S. Chamber of Commerce and St. 
John's Episcopal Church, known as 
tiie Church of the Presidents. 

Just across from the new Grange 
headquarters in LaFayette Park is 
the bench known as "Barney Baruch's 
private office." Here President Roose- 
velt's confidential adviser meets the 
great and near-great who come to 
Washington. 

Funds for the purchase of the build- 
ing were accumulated over a period 
of years through contributions of 
nickles, dimes and dollars made by 
Grangers residing in every state as 
well as Canada. The Grange is 
America's oldest farm organization 
and was founded here in Washington 
more than 75 years ago. Until now, 
however, it has never owned a national 
headquarters, but has occupied rented 
oflSces. 



A TRIBUTE TO THE GRANGE 
FOR ITS RED CROSS SERVICE 

What Granges throughout the na- 
tion have done in connection with war 
bond drives, victory gardens. Red 
Cross assistance and other war-win- 
ning activities is widely known, 
because in thousands of local com- 
munities the Grange has taken the 
lead in such projects and with re- 
markably successful results. Now 
comes a noteworthy tribute to Grange 
achievement in support of the Red 
Cross, in the form of a letter recently 
received by National Master Albert 
S. Goss from Norman H. Davis, 
chairman of the American Red Cross. 
Commenting on the fact that Amer- 
ican farmers have exceeded their Red 
Cross quota by more than 29%, Mr. 
Davis said: 

"The National Grange had an im- 
portant part in making this possible. 
The whole-hearted support the Red 
Cross received from the National, 
State and local Granges is reflected to 
us in many field reports. Frequently 
my attention is called to Red Cross 
material in The National Grange 
Monthly, as well as in various State 
Grange papers. Please accept our 
heartfelt gratitude for such 'all-out' 
cooperation." 



people want to retain the right of 
local self-government, the states and 
their minor subdivisions must per- 
form the functions which logically 
fall within their respective spheres, 
and all of us together must stop ask- 
ing the Federal government to render 
services that it was never intended to 
perform. 



DO YOU KNOW? 

(Compiled by Penna. Dept. of Commerce) 

The Pennsylvania village of Bird- 
in-Hand was named for an early inn 
which displayed a sign illustrating the 
old adage, "A bird in the hand is 
worth two in the bush." 



GRAND RAPIDS IS NEXT 
GRANGE CONVENTION CITY 

Grand Rapids. Michigan, has been 
j»elected as the next convention citv 
of the National Grange and the 77th 
annual session of this organization 
will convene on November 10. The 
recent release of Grand Rapids hotels 
from their former use as Army 
quarters made this selection possible 
and 18 in accordance with the vote of 
the last National Grange convention 
that the 1943 gathering should be 
neld m some Michigan city. 

Grand Rapids entertained the Na- 
tional Grange convention of 1919 and 
't8 facilities for handling such an 
<^vent are unexcelled. Not only will 
Hotel accommodations prove adequate 
tor the Grange convention, but the 
heautiful civic auditorium, of which 
wand Rapids ,is very proud, fur- 
Ia^ ^ ®^*ctly the conveniences 
Ifk i^°' *^^ conferring of the Sev- 
enth Degree of the Grange, which is 
?iven only once a year, at the annual 
session. 

^^^}^ P«Partment of Commerce re- 
ports that wages and salaries paid 
fi°.^„^"«^^out the country during the 

&aTI^ .""^"^^^ ^^ 1^43 totaled 
•^6,761,000,000. 



COMING EVENTS 

October 22. Columbia & L. Lu- 
zerne Pomona meets at Mc- 
KendreeHall. 

^November 3. Wyoming County 
-f omona meets at Meshoppen. 

^November 13. York County Po- 
l^ona meets with Valley 
Virange, Lewisberry. 

A^e^mber 14. PENNSYLVA- 
NIA STATE GRANGE 
meets at Williamsport. 



CHECKING THE FIRE LOSSES 

In issuing a proclamation designat- 
ing the week beginning October 3 as 
Fire Prevention Week. President 
Roosevelt declared that the Nation's 
war program is menaced by an alarm- 
ing increase in preventable fire losses. 

According to the President, the de- 
struction caused by fire in the United 
States since Pearl Harbor has been 
comparable to the damage caused by 
all enemy bombing over England dur- 
ing the first two years of the war. 

These preventable fires, as Mr. 
Roosevelt points out, are measured in 
thousands of workers killed and dis- 
abled; vast destruction of critical 
raw materials, food, and other vital 
supplies for our armed forces and the 
civilian population, and the ruin of 
war plants, factories, homes and ma- 
chinery, in many cases for the dura- 
tion of the war. 

War Food Administrator Marvin 
Jones and others in the Department 
of Agriculture are working on a pro- 
gram to reduce food losses from fires 
and dust explosions, which have been 
exceptionally heavy during the past 
few years. 



Perryopolis, Pa., near Pittsburgh, 
was laid out in 1814 by the naval hero, 
Oliver Hazard Perry. George Wash- 
ington bought a 329-acre tract near 
this site in 1769 and at one time 
owned more than 1600 acres which he 
later sold. 



Gridley Park, in Erie, Pa., was 
named for Captain Charles Vernon 
Gridley, commander of the Olympia 
in the Battle of Manila Bay. It was 
to Gridley that Admiral George Dew- 
ey gave the famous command, ''You 
may fire when ready, Gridley." 

In the 19th century the mineral 
springs near Canton, Pa., attracted 
many stage celebrities, among them 
Frank Mayo, best known for his char- 
acterization of "Davy Crockett.'* 
Mayo also had a home in that area — 
The Crockett Lodge— which still 
stands. 




The size of the average farm in the 
United States increased from 157 
acres in 1930 to 174 acres in 1940. 



Good deeds immortal are — they 
cannot die. 



GILES 

Whkkeab. It has pleased Almighty God to 
call from our midst Brother Allen Giles a 
member of Mt. Joy Grange, No. 584, there- 
fore, be it 

Resolved, We extend our sympathy to the 
family, drape our charter thirty days, record 
these resolutions in the minutes, send a copy 
to the family, send a copy to be published in 
Pennsylvania Grange News. 

Mrs. Gracb Shu^br, 

Mrs. VlBOINlA OWKNS, 

Ammon Putbb, 

Conktnittee. 

DILDINE 

Whereas. Death having removed from our 
midst our esteemed Brother, C. H. Dlldlne, a 
faithful member of Orange Grange No. 128 ; 
therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we drape our charter for 
thirty days and extend our sympathy to the 
family. We herewith wish to express our 
love and appreciation for his ever willingness 
to assist and instruct us in all our Joys and 
difficulties, whatever they might have been. 
How much we will miss him we cannot ex- 
press, but he will always live in our memory. 

We rejoice to know that he has gone to 
receive the reward of his labors and to hear 
that welcome plaudit, "Well done, good and 
faithful servant." A copy of these Resolu- 
tions to be spread upon the minutes, a copy 
sent to his family and be published In the 
Grange News. 

Mrs. Qlovinb Hedlay, 
Mrs, Rebecca Wbnner, 
Mrs. Emma Beljleb, 

CofMnittee. 

HALL 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly Fa- 
ther to remove from our midst Brother 
Wilbur P. Hall, a faithful member of Howard 
Orange No. 297, Centre County, we deeply 
regret the loss of our Brother which leaves 
a vacancy felt not only by the Orange but 
by the church and community. 

Resolved, That in his memory this Orange 
drape our Charter for a period of thirty 
days, record these resolutions on our min- 
utes, send a copy to the family, and publish 
in the Grange News. 

Samubl. Poormam, 
Harky B. Lbathbbs, 
Harry B. DeArmbnt, 

Cofnmittee. 



You can give your apples a new 
flavor by sprinkling grated cheese 
over them and finish baking them in 
the oven. 



DEMOCRACY FAILING .> 

Hatton W. Sumners, chairman of 
the judiciary committee of the House 
of Representatives, who comes from 
Texas, and who is a firm believer in 
the principles of Jeffersonian Democ 
racy, rises to ask: "Why is it that 
in a land where everybody proclaims 
his devotion to it, representative gov- 
ernment is withering before our 
eyes?" He then proceeds to say: 

"The bureaucrat is blamed for this. 
But he is not the cause. He is the 
effect. The seat of the trouble lies 
far deeper. 

"Our whole political system is based 
on the principle of local self-govern- 
ment. But two forces have been de- 
stroying this princip^.e: One is the 
demand of the people for the Federal 
government to intervene in problems 
of every community and every class. 
The other is the ever-growing practice 
of passing all these problems on to the 
government at Washington. 

"The last war gave this a big push. 
The postwar dislocation hurried it. 
The Great Depression raised it to 
avalanche proportions. The present 
war is completing the job." 

It is an inescapable fact that if the 



Pennsylvania State Grange 



OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 



.20 
.50 



Grange Seals ^^ ^. 

Digest .:;::;;::;;;:;; ^ J^ 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, per set of 9 q*on 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy *. \ 4n 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 ..,'...'.. a'oo 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy o^ 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 ..... 09? 

Constitution and By-Laws 

Degree Work, First 4 degrees by Dr. Rankin 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin .... ka 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony ^^ 

Song Books ''The Patron," board covers, cloth, singii * cipy w * less * thai * * 
naJr dozen ^_ 

per dozen .'.".'.'.**.'.'.'.'."*."." A}. 

per half dozen ^Ti 

Dues Account Book \\ ^'I:" 

Secretary 's Record Book IX 

Labor Savings Minute Book „*1?V 

Treasurer 'a Account Book in 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange to 'Pomoii! 'per hilidred Ti 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 i^ 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 o'ir 

Roll Book ;!.*!!*.;; nl 

Application Blanks, per hundred A 

.50 



Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty S^ 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred f^ 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred *. Vi 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred tn 

Treasurer 's Receipts qJJ 

Trade Cards, each ..............* 5? 

Demit Cards, each S 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer Whitehead) iJ 

Grange Radiator Emblems i^ 

Ohio State Grange Cook Books, each '. 5? 

.75 

.rH J*" T>?"^*^ ?^ '^ ^^^ *^"^' ^upplieB, the cash must alway. accompany the 
order. The Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 

T ^^^°»i^ta«<^«'/ho"ld be made by Postal Money Orders, Checks, or Regirtered 
Letter. Orders for supplies must bear the Seal of the QrLge for wUchTfer^ 

By order of Exeentive Committee, 

JOAB K. Mahood, aeeretan/. 



AQR (CULTURAL LIBRARY 
^TAt£ COLLEGE PA 



Xi 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



October, 1943 



Tom ScoWs Troop Trains 

(Prepared hy The Pennsylvania Historical Commission) 



THOMAS SCOTT never heard of 
"logistics," the term so beloved of 

modern military men concerned 
with the movement of men and ma- 
terial from here to there, but of all 
those heroic shadows who stride the 
avenues of Pennsylvania's historic 
past he would be the one most likely 
to appreciate 1943's problems of war- 
time transportation. 

Because he was not a military man 
and cared little if anything for the 
"handout" colonel's commission tossed 
his way by a magnanimous and 
slightly giddy government, Tom 
Scott's importance to the winning of 
the American Civil War has been 
generally forgotten. In an era when 
destiny was worked out against a 
background of clanking swords and 
rattling drums, the little men in 
shabby civilian black were about as 
conspicuous as a peanut vender at a 
circus. Yet these same little men 
accomplished a great deal. 

On the eve of the Civil War, Tom 
Scott was 36 years old and the Vice- 
President in charge of transportation 
for the Pennsylvania Railroad. Be- 
hind him were memories of a child- 
hood spent in his native Louden, 
Waynesboro and Bridgeport, Penn- 
sylvania — plus only 10 years of serv- 
ice as a railroad employe. Despite 
few educational opportunities, young 
Scott had risen to one of the most 
enviable positions in Eastern Amer- 
ica. Among other things, he had been 
responsible for the opening of rail 
communications between Harrisburg 
and Pittsburgh and the inauguration 
of the railroad telegraph system. 
"Then," to use the favorite transi- 
tional device of fiction writers, "came 
the War." 

Washington was in danger and 
pleaded for protective troops from the 
northern States. Pennsylvania's Gov- 
ernor Andrew G. Curtin was the first 
to respond to the call, and ordered 
Tom Scott to Harrisburg to arrange 
for rail transportation for the State 
militia companies already gathered 
there. Scott complied immediately 
and started two trains toward Wash- 
ington that same day, April 18. He 
also made preparations to receive sol- 
diers from the West and from New 
England, moving them over the lines 
of the Pennsylvania and the Northern 
Central Railroad. Trouble developed 
almost instantly, however, and the 
ugly temper of Baltimore mobs pre- 
vented the further shipment of men 
and supplies through that city. Scott 
then improvised an alternate route 
through Philadelphia to Perryville on 
the Chesapeake, thence by ferry and 
transport to the railhead at Annapolis, 
Maryland, and on to Washington by 
train. In a few weeks, despite great 
difiiculties, he had moved thousands 
of troops into the threatened area. 
After the disaster of the first offen- 
sive action at Bull Run, Scott saved 
McDowell's broken Union Army from 
complete rout by telegraphing Gov- 
ernor Curtin to send the 25,000 troops 
of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, 
still inactive, on to Washington. This 
he did on his own initiative. 

As a result of this brilliant piece 
of work, Scott was named Assistant 
Secretary of War under Simon 
Cameron, his old Congressional pa- 
tron and now the key figure in the 
new Lincoln cabinet. Now his job 
was to bring order into the incredible 
confusion of the northern railroads. 
Bickerings among the rival roads had 
slowed all war traffic to a dangerous 



minimum, and Scott set out to settle 
the differences and get the trains 
rolling to springboard McOlellan'si 
expected offensive into Virginia. 
This, however, never developed, and 
fall wore into winter while new 
troubles arose. In January, 1862, 
Cameron resigned from the War 
Office and went to Russia, while Ed- 
win Stanton took over the Depart- 
ment. Political differences were for- 
gotten in the necessity of the moment 
and Scott remained at his post, but 
transferred his activities to the West- 
ern Department, where a serious lack 
of transportation facilities was hold- 
ing up an important drive against the 
Confederate armies along the Ten- 
nessee and Cumberland Rivers. 

In the West, Scott found himself in 
the middle of a military strategy dis- 
pute between Generals Halleck and 
Buell, who could agree on what they 
were supposed to accomplish but not 
on how it was to be accomplished. 
This situation finally came to a happy 
if costly conclusion and Scott re- 
turned to Washington where he im- 
mediately began preparations to for- 
ward the troops and equipment for 
McClellan's long-delayed Peninsula 
campaign against Richmond. Again, 
this offensive never materialized in 
its expected proportions, and the 
much-traveled Mr. Scott entrained 
again for the West where he dealt 
with a problem of transportation for 
General Pope's Campaign against 
Corinth, Mississippi. 

About this time, the Pennsylvania 
Railroad began to worry about its ab- 
sent Vice-President and called him 
back to service. The railroad was 
having trouble of its own, and as 
Scott's work for the Government 
seemed to be nearing completion, it 
suggested he come hack and have a 
look at his own front yard. Scott's 
resignation as Assistant Secretary of 
War became effective May 17, 1862, 
and he returned to Pennsylvania. 
But the war was just beginning. 

Towards the end of the summer, 
General Lee made his first drive 
against Pennsylvania, driving deep 
into Maryland and obviously intent 
upon striking at Harrisburg. Gover- 
nor Curtin, alarmed, commandeered 
Scott's service again. Scott reorgan- 
ized his railroad telegraphers corps 
on a semi-military basis, posted them 
along the Maryland-Pennsylvania 
border, and checked the hourly prog- 
ress of Lee's columns through the 
Military Intelligence in Washington. 
Lee, of course, was stopped at An- 
tietam, Maryland, in September, and 
the threat of invasion ended for the 
time being. Fall and winter passed, 
with Scott busy on internal, non- 
military railroad problems. Came 
si)ring, and tlip gray Confedcratf 
armies roamed once more towards 
Pennsylvania. This time Scott was 
genuinely alarmed and went to extra- 
ordinary extremes to forestall the in- 
vasion. 

Using Harrisburg as a base of op- 
erations, he again sent out his picked 
telegraphers, plus a company of 
civilian scouts, with orders to find and 
keep contact with the advancing Con- 
federate troops. As he suspected, the 
raiding columns effectively destroyed 
military telegraphic communication 
between Union reconnaissance pa- 
trols and Washington, and conse- 
quently cut the pursuing Union Army 
away from the source of directive 
orders. 



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Thu8 it was that Scott, in a way, 
was responsible for the subsequent 
Battle of Gettysburg — for it was his 
telegraphers, reporting every known 
movement of the enemy, that eventu- 
ally led General George G. Meade to 
the Confederate concentration at that 
little Pennsylvania town. The mount- 
ing drama of those last days of June, 
1863, was spread like a panorama be- 
fore the eyes of Tom Scott. His 
uncanny accuracy in forecasting mili- 
tary moves and his direct and un- 
compromising demands upon the 
General Staff undoubtedly did much 
to assure the Gettysburg victory. He 
it was who goaded Governor Curtin 
to defy red tape and send Pennsyl- 
vania militia men out to meet the 
invaders before it was too late; he it 
was who organized the military de- 
fenses of Harrisburg (and the vital 
junction of his own railroad with the 
precious track of the Northern 
Central) and he it was who issued 
orders for the defense of the impor- 
tant railroad bridge at Wrightsville, 
after moving all extra locomotives 
and rolling stock through York to the 
river town and thence across the 
bridge to safety. 

Before the guns of Gettysburg fell 
silent, Scott's old railroad mainten- 
ance crew were at work repairing the 
damaged Northern Central line west- 
ward from Hanover Junction, within 
a few miles of the bloody fields. Scott 
himself was directing the rebuilding 
of the Cumberland Valley line, fol- 
lowing quickly on the heels of Lee's 
retreat. 

Once more Scott was to do an amaz- 
ing transport job. In the fall of 1863, 
Stanton recalled him to Washington, 
asked assistance on the proposed 
movement of thousands of troops and 



their equipment from Washington to 
Tennessee, where General Rosecrans 
was in serious trouble and urgently in 
need of relief, Scott tackled the prob- 
lem, solved it and delivered the army 
and its baggage in record time — fully 
two and oiic-half nioiitlis under mili- 
tary estimates of the time required for 
such a movement. Scott's work for 
the Government was at an end. The 
Military Railroad Corps he had de- 
veloped and built was now self-suf- 
ficient; the war was entering its last 
painful stages. With the sincere 
praise of the War Department in his 
ears, Tom Scott came home to Penn- 
sylvania to patch and expand his own 
railroad empire. 



THEFENfvSV 



HOME GARDENERS CAN 

MAKE COMPOST HEAP 

J. M. HlFFINGTON 

Home gardners can make a com- 
post of leaves, grass, or other refuse 
not infested with diseases or insects 
which may be carried over in the soil 
to the succeeding crops. 

The pile is built up in 6-inch layers 
to about .5 feet high. On each suc- 
cessive layer is added complete 
fertilizer at the rate of about 5 
pounds to 100 pounds of dry material 
and 8 pounds of ground limestone. 
Chicken or sheep manure with super- 
phosphate may be substituted for the 
fertilizer. Each successive layer is 
composted by tramping and wetting^ 
down liberally with water. 



I feel the more, the more I know, 
That friendship is a thing apart, 
A mute assurance of the heart, 
A faith that little cares for show.— 
Tenriyson. 




Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harrisburg-, Pa., under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 



VOL. XL 



HARRISBURG, PA., NOVEMBER, 1943 



No. 8 



National Grange Leads Fight 
Against Unwarranted Food 

Subsidies at Washington 



By Fred Brenckman 



THE testimony presented by A. S. 
Goss, Master of the National 
Grange, before the Banking and 
Currency Committee of the House of 
Representatives on October 4, with 
reference to extending the life of the 
Commodity Credit Corporation be- 
yond January 1, 1944, did much to 
clear the atmosphere regarding the 
wisdom of paying consumer subsidies 
on food under prevailing conditions. 
Mr. Goss cited convincing and ir- 
refutable figures to prove that the 
farmers of the country are the least to 
blame for rising prices, and that the 
shouters for food subsidies do not 
have a leg to stand upon. 

These figures show that labor and 
industry led the upward swing in 
costs, and not agriculture. 

What the Arithmetic Shows 

Taking the five-year period from 
1935 to 1939, both inclusive, the cost 
of living increased 23 per cent up to 
the end of August, 1943. Retail prices 
of food increased 37 per cent. 

On the other hand, the cost of la- 
bor per unit of industrial production 
showed a rise of 65.5 per cent, while 
factory payrolls per employed worker 
went up 94 per cent. During the same 
period corporation profits increased 
by 92.1 per cent. 

In view of these figures, drawn 
from official sources, together with 
the fact that the purchasing power in 
the hands of consumers is $50,000,- 
000,000 in excess of the available sup- 
ply of consumer goods, Mr. Goss 
argued that it was entirely illogical 
to talk of food subsidies as a means 
of combatting inflation. 

Mr. Goss informed the Committee 
on Banking and Currency that the 
Grange was in favor of renewing the 
life of the Commodity Credit Cor- 
poration for a reasonable period be- 
cause of the important part that the 
corporation plays in connection with 
our Lend-Lease operations and in 
handling food problems on the home 
front. 

^Since it is proposed to greatly ex- 
pand the borrowing capacity of the 
corporation, Mr. Goss voiced the op- 
position of the Grange to using foods 
of the corporation to pay consumer 
subsidies. He declared that if subsi- 
dies should be used at all they should 
^ strictly limited to those cases 
J^ere a support price had previously 
•^n established or where it had be- 
come necessary to establish a lower 



resale price to avoid loss from deteri- 
oration in connection with the stocks 
held by the corporation. However, 
Mr. Goss expressed the opinion that 
legitimate cases of this kind would be 
few and the benefits meager at best, 
while through payment of subsidies 
to producers would open a whole train 
of evils. He enumerated three reasons 
why such subsidies are harmful: 

Objections to Subsidies Summarized 

"1. There are few sources of polit- 
ical control more potent than that of 
cash subsidies of one kind or another. 
In its decision in the wheat case of 



November 19, of last year, the Su- 
preme Court recognized the rights of 
the ^Government to regulate that 
which it subsidizes.' We do not quar- 
rel with this theory, — we merely say 
that we want to avoid the danger of 
more Federal regulation. 

"2. The machinery necessary to set 
up to pay individual subsidies would 
be far greater than the machinery re- 
quired for the corporation to make 
good on its support price pledge. 
Under a support price program, the 
whole price level is affected, although 
usually a very small proportion of 
the crop is actually bought by the 
Corporation. Under the direct sub- 
sidy plan, every item sold is subject 
to an individual Government trans- 
action. 

"3. If we can judge by past experi- 
ence, opening the way for direct pay- 
ments is another extension of author- 
ity that some clever bureaucrat is 
sure to find a way to pervert. Con- 




Photo by Penna. Department of Commerce 

Eighty years ago, November 19, 1863, President Lincoln delivered his now famous 

"Gettysburg Address" in dedicating the National Cemetery in the battlefield town. 

Photo shows monument marking spot where that address was delivered. 



gress has never proved smart enough 
to head them off yet in any of this 
price control legislation, and why take 
the chance?" 

Summing up his testimony before 
the Committee, Mr. Goss said: 

Blame is Misplaced 

"The surprising thing about it all 
is that while we are having substan- 
tial inflation of wages and corporate 
earnings, food, which is being so se- 
verely attacked, is the least to blame. 
We are still the best fed nation on 
earth and are spending the lowest per 
cent of our income for food. In fact 
we are spending a lower per cent of 
our income for food than ever before. 

"In the late twenties, when we had 
reasonable industrial prosperity, there 
was no outcry about food costs. As a 
matter of fact, food prices are only 
7 per cent above the 1929 level, while 
the individual wage worker's income 
is up 59 per cent. No one complained 
about the price of butter then, al- 
though it was 45 cents a pound; but 
now, with our national income nearly 
double, we have yielded to an attack 
on agriculture, spearheaded by organ- 
ized labor, and rolled the price back 
from 46 cents a pound to 41 cents — 
4 cents below the 1929 prices. No 
wonder we are running short of but- 
ter. In those days no one got all ex- 
cited about the cost of living, but to- 
day, with the cost of living only 1.6 
per cent above the 1929 level, we are 
led to believe that unless we roll back 
food prices 10 per cent we will be 
threatened with strikes on the part of 
millions of ^starving* workers. Their 
living cost is up 1.6 per cent and their 
per capita income up 59 per cent, with 
more in each family at work. It 
doesn't make sense. 

"Furthermore you can quote all the 
figures you want on parity, but they 
are completely meaningless, for they 
are not only outmoded, full thirty 
years, but also the figures are cruelly 
false, when we refuse to include our 
largest item of cost, farm labor, which 
has increased over 80 per cent in 30 
months. 

Time to Face the Issue 

"It is high time that we faced the 
issue squarely. President Roosevelt 
spoke truly when he said, *We must 
all be prepared in total war to accept 
a substantial cut in our accustomed 
standards of living.' There are many 
dislocation costs in any war economy. 
If we refuse to meet them as we go, 
as indicated by the President, we are 
passing them on to the boys, who are 
doing the fighting, to pay when they 
come back, and to their children and 
our children. Are we meeting them? 
Are we accepting lower standards of 
living? We are not. Compare the 23 
per cent increase in our cost of living 
(Concluded on page S.) 



'I 



Page 2 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



November, I943 




rpODAY half of all the PuUman 
-■- cars and a third of all the rail- 
road coaches are busy carrying 
troops in special car and special 
train movements. 

With what equipment is left, the 
railroads must carry soldiers on 
furlough and people on war busi- 
ness. And at the same time haul 
IH million tons of freight a mile 
every minute, day and night. 

Altogether this adds up to a load 
more than twice as big as in the 
last war. 

This is the reason why everyone 
can't *'travel as usual.'' It may be 
impossible to get a berth or even 
a seat. And where military traffic 
is heaviest, troop trains may delay 
your arrival. 

So think before you plan a trip. 
And if you have to go, please help 
in these four ways: Avoid travel 



Americ^hv 



;^L 



peaks. Ask your ticket agent about 
the less crowded trains and the 
best days to take them. Cancel 
promptly. If your plans change, 
release your reservations at the 
earliest opportunity. Travel light. 
If possible limit your hand bag- 
gage to one piece. Other baggage 
can be checked. Tag all hags. Put 
your name and complete address 
on all luggage. It avoids mistakes 
and loss. 



December 10 
"CLOSING DATE'' FOR 
CHRISTMAS PACKAGES 

This year— when wartrafiSc has first 
call on all shipping services — it is 
more important than ever to send 
your Christinas packages early. 

Pack them adequately, wrap and tie 
them securely, address them right 
and get them started (to points in die 
United States and Canada) by Decem- 
ber 10. 




BACK THE ATTACK — WITH WAR BONDS 



Bailroads 



ALL UNITID FOR VICTORY 



js; 



HELP HER 

A Scotchman and his wife walked 
from their farm to the county fair, 
his wife laden down with a heavy 
lunch basket. On arrival at the fair, 
he considerately turned to her and 
said: "You'd better let me carry the 
basket now, Mary; we might get 
separated in the crowd." 



"Help your wife," says Oood 
Housekeeping. "When she mops the 
floor, mop up the floor with her. 



ever 



Mitch — Bill, has fortune 
knocked at your door? 

Bill — He did once, but I was out. 
Ever since he has sent his daughter. 

Mitch — His daughter; who is she? 

Bill — Why misfortune, of course. 



Pennsylvania — Keystone of 

Democracy 

By Joseph T. Kingston, Pennsylvania Historical Commission 

(One of a series of special newspaper features prepared hy 

the Pennsylvania Historical Commission.) 



The Judge Burns Coal 

UP WILKES-BAKRE way, it 
gets pretty cold in February. 
And, if the memories of old 
timers are to be credited, "winters 
ain't nothin' like they used to be!" 
Accordingly, the 11th day of Febru- 
ary, 135 years ago, probably was 
mighty cold. 

At any rate, Judge Jesse Fell, of 
Wilkes-Barre, wasn't satisfied with 
the way his house was heating up, 
that morning of February 11, 1808. 
So the Judge made a casual experi- 
ment. On the waning flames of a wood 
fire, laid on a fireplace grate, he tossed 
a handful of "stone coals" — the 
strange, black rocks found in dried 
stream beds and under dead tree 
stumps of the vicinity — which local 
blacksmiths had long been burning in 
their forges. 

Soon the cherry glow of the wood 
fire was shot through with blue an- 
thracite flames, and the fireplace radi- 
ated a steady heat. The judge was 
fascinated and highly pleased with 
his discovery. That night, he wrote in 
his journal: "Made the experiment 
of burning the common stone coal of 
the Valley in a grate, in a common 
fireplace in my house, and found it 
will answer the purpose of fuel, mak- 
ing a clearer and better fire, at less 
expense, than burning wood in the 
common way. . . ." 

In this manner was born Pennsyl- 
vania's great anthracite coal trade 
with the world. But the story neither 
begins nor ends on Judge Fell's jour- 
nal notation. It goes all the way back 
to the Indians, and its ultimate pro- 
jection lies far ahead in the unwrit- 
ten chapters of our postwar history. 

Various claims to the original dis- 
covery of anthracite coal in Pennsyl- 
vania have been made. None of them, 
however, is of particular significance, 
because until Judge Fell decided to 
use anthracite as a household fuel 
there was little incentive to mine or 
transport the black minerals to dis- 
tant markets. Probably the apocry- 
phal story of the Indian who showed 
up at a pioneer gunsmith shop in 
Nazareth around 1750 with a buck- 
skin sack filled with coal is as good a 
place as any to start. This Indian 
wanted repairs made to his rifle, and, 
when the gunsmith reported a lack of 
charcoal, the red man produced his 
sack of coal. The forge was fired, the 
gun repaired, and the Indian wan- 
dered off into the rosy mists of legend. 

Various names, too, are connected 
with the first chapter of the anthra- 
cite story. There was Necho Allen, 
at Pottsville, who "discovered" coal in 
1790. There were the officers of the 
Sullivan Expedition, who in 1779 re- 
ported "large mines of coal, pewter, 
lead and copperas" in the vicinity of 
Wyoming. There are the official rec- 
ords of coal being brought "down 
river" to fire the huge furnaces of the 
Revolutionary arsenal at Carlisle dur- 
ing 1778-81. There is also mention in 
the records of the Pennsylvania Legis- 
lature for March 16, 1784, when a bill 
was passed to "improve the Schuyl- 
kill for navigation, that coal, etc., 
may be brought to market. . . ." 
Finally, there were the Messrs. Philip 
Ginter and Isaac Tomlinson, who 
"discovered" coal, respectively, near 
Mauch Chunk and at Shamokin. 

Thus, it is difficult to assign either 



a specific date or a particular name 
to the original discovery. It is evi- 
dent, however, that the discovery was 
made, and the news of it spread 
through the middle colonies, during 
the three decades from 1750-80. 

In the Wyoming Valley, the coal 
trade was established as early as 1807, 
and shipments were floated down the 
Susquehanna River to Columbia or 
carried overland to Philadelphia. Fol- 
lowing Judge Fell's experiment, John 
and Abijah Smith strip-mined a con- 
siderable quantity of coal from the 
great Plymouth vein, broke it into 
small nuggets suitable for home fire- 
place grates and shipped it down river 
to Columbia. But the Columbians 
were skeptical; they had not heard 
of Judge Fell's innovation, and they 
were satisfied to go on burning wood. 
The Smith boys, chagrined, were 
forced to dispose of their load at a 
loss to amused blacksmiths and ar- 
morers. The following year, they re- 
turned to Columbia with an even 
greater load of coal, plus a fireplace 
grate installed for demonstration pur- 
poses. For all those who "had to be 
showed," they built fires of coal in 
their sample grate. Within the next 
few days, they disposed of every last 
pound of coal in their barges, and the 
home coal fire had come into its own. 

Now began a rapid expansion and 
development of the mining-marketing 
industry. In the year 1820, the great 
Lehigh Coal and Navigation Com- 
pany began operations. Other com- 
panies were organized overnight, and 
soon the great collieries began to rise 
among the forested hills of north- 
central Pennsylvania. Original oper- 
ations were mostly of the strip-mining 
variety, but the average output rose 
sharply each year. The supply seemed 
to be endless, and the demand in- 
creased by leaps and bounds as Amer- 
ican manufacturing enterprise rolled 
into high gear. Soon the anthracite 
coal industry became synonymous 
with Pennsylvania, and the term "coal 
regions" could mean only one thing 
to any Easterner. Today, this gigan- 
tic industry is one of the most im- 
portant basic resources of the United 
Nations. In the life of a lump of 
coal, 135 years is but a fleeting sec- 
ond, yet in that short space of time 
millions of dollars and untold tons of 
energy have been produced as if by 
magic from the dancing blue flames 
in Judge Fell's little fireplace. Today, 
Pennsylvania's anthracite coal has 
gone to war, defending Pennsylva- 
nia's right to retain her proud title: 
"Keystone of Democracy 1" 



BOLTS ARE BETTER than nails 
for fastening cleats on wagon side- 
boards. Use two big washers, one 
under the bolt head and one under 
the nut. 



VEGETABLES for winter storage 
should be sorted, and all of those 
with bruises, cuts, cracks, insect 
damage, sunburn or frost damage 
should be eliminated. 



A FULL FEED of corn silage and 
a limited feed of grain and legume 
hay are recommended by C. C. Cul- 
bertson, of Iowa State College, as » 
good method of fattening cattle un- 
der this year's conditions. 



November, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 3 



NATIONAL GRANGE LEADS 

(Concluded from page 1.) 

with our increased income, and it is 
clear that nearly every group has been 
prospering from the war. But that 
doesn't tell the whole story. Today we 
are spending but 21 per cent of our 
income for food, — believed to be the 
lowest per cent of any nation on earth. 
However, if we were buying the same 
amount of food per capita and the 
same varieties and equality of food 
that we bought in 1935-39, we would 
be payiHg but 16 per cent of our in- 
come for food, so we have voluntarily 
improved our food standards nearly 
a third, and still our cost of living is 
up only 23 per cent." 

Those With Fixed Incomes 

Mr. Goss admitted that there are 
certain groups in our population with 
fixed incomes who are being pinched 
by wartime prices. He suggested that 
some adaption of the stamp plan that 
was used several years ago for the 
benefit of those in the low incomes 
might be used. In treating distress 
where it really exists, rather than to 
subsidize all classes of people indis- 
criminately and thereby needlessly 
increase the national debt. 

On October 7, Worthy Master Goss 
addressed a letter to President Roose- 
velt transmitting complete copy of 
his testimony before the Banking and 
Currency Committee. He assured the 
President that the Grange was will- 
ing to do all in its power to help in 
developing a sound formula to halt 
the^ further drift toward inflation. 
"We do not feel that a price ceiling- 
subsidy program is sound," Mr. Goss 
declared. "Every nation in history 
which has tried to prevent inflation 
by price ceilings rather than by clos- 
ing the inflationary gap has failed, 
and we are failing at an appalling 
rate." 

Leaders Confer with President 
On October 20, the leaders of the 
Grange, the American Farm Bureau 
Federation, the National Farmers 
Union, and the National Council of 
Farmer Co-operatives had a confer- 
ence with President Roosevelt at the 
vvhite House, when the question of 
food subsidies was discussed in de- 
tail. All of these farm leaders, with 
the exception of James Patton, presi- 
dent of the Farmers Union, made it 
plain to the President that their re- 
spective organizations were against 
subsidies in lieu of compensatory 
prices for farm products in the mar- 
ket place. 

Mr. Patton issued a press state- 
ment at the White House in which he 
v'pioed sharp disagreement with the 
^lews expressed by the representatives 

Tu ?,^^®^ *^^®® organizations. 

Ihe President himself declared that 
{ttongress should pass a bill prohib- 
iting the use of food subsidies, he 
l^ould veto it. He further said that 
'I Congress should then over-ride the 
^eto, It would have to take the conse- 
quences, because he asserted that 
jnere was an overwhelming demand 
ror subsidies throughout the country. 

vvhile this may be true in many of 
ne industrial centers, the people in 
^ne agricultural districts entertain a 
?uf' !f ^ ''''*^°^- They generally feel 
nat the payment of food subsidies 
under prevailing conditions would 
^a^e us one big nation of board- 
Jumpers. 



Kai roads operate more than 2,500 
special trains each month for the 
"movement of troops. 

When writine to advertisers, 

will you please mention 

this paper. 



%.-L^hl--M H * i* »^ i ^i;^ I §i ^ i I * 



BUILD WIS POULTRY WATER WARMER 




FREE 

BULLETIN 

SHOWS HOW 



KEEP YOUR FARM SHOP ORDERLY! Arrange your farm shop so 
that you can do more work... in shorter time ... without extra help. 
How to Care for Farm Electric Equipment" shows and tells you how 
On page 19, you'll find an orderly, time-saving work bench arrangement 
. . .suggestions about equipment care ... instructions about making your 
shop motor portable. This free book contains other valuable informa- 
tion on howto keep your equipment running. Checkand mail the coupon. 



£/ectr/c Companies of Pennsylvania 



VI7THEN fowls don't drink freely, 
W your egg production falls 
off. They can't drink frozen water 
. . . they won't drink enough cold 
water. Build an inexpensive poultry 
water warmer ... in your own work- 
shop . . . from materials that are 
readily available. Then valuable 
farmhands needn't play "water boy" 
to the hens this winter and time 
now used to carry warm water to 
fowls can be given to other tasks. 
You'll not only save labor. 
What's more important, you'll get 
more eggs. And you'll have a steady, 
dependable supply of warm water 
in the poultry house. You know 
yourself how that increases egg 
production. 

rit^^ Bulletin Gives Full 

Building 
instructions 

Directions for fol- 
lowing the diagram 
shown at left will 
be sent free upon 
request. A new 
bulletin— "How 
to Build an Elec- 
tric Poultry Water 
Warmer" — gives complete instructions on 
building. It also tells how to prevent 
automatic foimtain and water pipe freeze- 
ups and how to protect pumps against 
cold weather. Gives dimensions... materi- 
als... capacities... and tells exactly **how 
to do it." All the equipment described 
can be built or rigged with tools found on 
almost every Pennsylvania farm. Take 
steps now to provide warm water for your 
poultry this winter. Mail the coupon today I 



r "* (^as'e This Coupon on a Penny Postcard) 



PENNSYLVANIA ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION 
RURAL DEPARTMENT C, HARRISBURG, PA. 

Please send me free bulletin "How to Build 
an Electric Poultry Water Warmer." 




Name. 



Address . 



Electricity 



H«'P« 



th« 



farm«' 



u.« •♦ ^!^ 



ly 



MEMBERS OF PENNSYLVANIA ELECTRIC ASSOCIATIOH 
HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA 



I 
I 

I 

I. 



■ LKCTKIC COMPANY SUPPUYINO MB IS 

i^ Also send free book "How to Care for Farm 
Electric Equipment." 



Mineral elements used in largest 
amounts by growing dairy calves are 
calcium and phosphorus. Most dairy 
rations are more likely to lack 
phosphorus than calcium, or lime. 



i(^ 



Why do you go on the balcony 
when I sing? Don't you like to hear 
me?" 

"It isn't that. I want the neighbors 
to see that I'm not beating my wife." 



All things come round to him who 
will but wait. — Longfellow. 

You can color your pudding red by 
dotting it with cinnamon dropa. 



Page 4 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



November, 194S 



BUILD DAIRY IMPROVEMENTS 



WITH 



CONCRETE 



THE CHAPLAIN'S MEDITATION 

REV. W. D. KEEMER 



A conaete milk house, cooling tank 
or dairy bam will help you step up 
milk production for war needs. Con- 
aete's sanitary features meet health 
department requirements; keep your 
cows healthier; make your work eas- 
ier. Many concrete farm jobs need 
/ew, if any, critical war materials. 
Write for helpful free bookiet/'Dairy 
Farm Improvements of Concrete." 

PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION 

DepL Ml 1-9, 1528 Waliot Sl, Philidelphia 2, Pa. 



SUBSIDIES FOR MILK 

PRODUCTION OPPOSED 
BY GOVERNOR MARTIN 



Governor Martin, in a recent press 
conference, urged Federal approval 
for price increases proposed on Sep- 
tember 25 by the Pennsylvania Milk 
Control Commission, and at the same 
time expressed opposition to proposed 
Federal subsidies to farmers as a 
means of encouraging dairymen to in- 
crease production. He said that sub- 
sidies "only take money out of one 
pocket and put it in another." 

"To increase production of milk, it 
is necessary to increase the price to 
farmers," the Governor declared. "The 
man who produces milk must have 
more money because feed costs and 
labor are higher. The farmers are 
selling off their cows and converting 
them into meat. It makes me sick to 
see farmers sold out." 

In an editorial entitled "Milk Sub- 
sidy" The New York Times on Sep- 
tember 27 declared that "something 
must be done to improve the country*s 
milk supply," adding that there are 
two possible ways out. "One is to 
allow the price of milk to rise to the 
point where it covers the producers* 
added cost. The other is to keep hold- 
ing down the price of milk and to pay 
the producers a subsidy to make up 
for their losses." It is pointed out 
that the WFA, in spite of opposition 
to food subsidies on the part of Con- 
gress, has decided upon the subsidy 
method. The editorial continues: 

"But while a milk subsidy is less 
vulnerable in some respects than other 
subsidies, it has still to be proved that 
the subsidy now proposed is sound," 
The Times says. "It will require, as 
all these things do, enormous red tape 
— registration of producers, the filling 
out of innumerable forms and ques- 
tionnaires, more bureaucrats to in- 
spect more books, etc. Administra- 
tive difficulties will probably backfire, 
as they have in similar controls, 
against the small producers. And as 
it is the consumer in any case who is 
really being subsidized, let us realize 
clearly that we are not only subsidiz- 
ing the milk of the Jones family, but 
of the Rockefeller and Ford and 
du Pont families. Who is paying for 
this subsidy? Among others — even if 
we count only those who pay direct 
taxes — all those with incomes of more 



PSALM 107— 8TH VERSE 

"Oh that men would praise the 
Lord for His goodness and His won- 
derful works to the children of men." 

With the approach of another 
Thanksgiving Day, we should 
thoughtfully and prayerfully ask our- 
selves the question; Am I as thank- 
ful as I should be? We may think we 
have very little for which we should 
return thanks this year, but I am 
certain if we will only pause a moment 
in the midst of this busy life, we will 
find many reasons why we should 
again give thanks to Almighty God. 
How grateful we should be that God 
has spared our lives through another 
year, even though we have often failed 
to do the things we should have done. 
Many of the dear friends, who walked 
with us along the pathway of life have 
crossed over the River of Death and 
we should be thankful for the hope 
of meeting them again, when our 
life's work is done. We should be 
thankful for our homes even though 
they may have some vacant chairs, 
yet home is the dearest place on 
earth and we should ever strive to 
keep it so. 

How thankful we should be for the 
Christian Church in which we can 
worship God according to the dictates 
of our own conscience. It is here we 
bring our children for Christian Bap- 



tism and where we assemble to study 
God's Holy Word. It was in the 
Church at the altar where many of 
us found pardon for our sins and 
from this sacred place many of us 
shall be carried to our last resting 
place. How grateful we should be for 
the privilege of service, what an 
honor it is to be a co-worker with God 
in striving to make this world a better 
place in which to live. And may we 
ever remember that the greatest joy 
in life comes from rendering service 
to our fellowmen. 

We should be thankful for Health 
and Strength to do the tasks our 
hands find to do and even if affliction 
has come during the year, we can 
readily see how much worse it might 
have been. 

With grateful hearts we should 
come as we recall the material bless- 
ings we have received. 

How bountifully our needs have 
been supplied and the sun and the 
rain have caused the Earth to bring 
forth an abundant harvest to feed a 
hungry world. 

Finally, we should be thankful to 
God for He appreciates the gratitude 
of His children even as we do when 
others are grateful to us, and may we 
remember that ingratitude is a sin. 

"With thankful hearts your voices 
raise to sing the Great Redeemer's 



praise 



)i 



than $500 or $624 a year. The Gov- 
ernment can pay no subsidy with one 
hand without ultimately reaching into 
our pockets with the other to tax us 
for it. The subsidy enthusiasts sel- 
dom seem to stop to ask themselves 
the crucial question. Who is subsidiz- 
ing whom?" 

The Times further raises the ques- 
tion as to whether the proposed sub- 
sidy of 25 to 50 cents a hundred- 
weight for milk would be worth the 
trouble it would create, indicating 
that the cost has been estimated at 
from 150 to 300 million dollars a year. 
The higher figure would cut milk 
costs only about 1 cent a quart, and 
"is it worth the enormous red tape it 
would involve?" It is declared in one 
estimate that the price increase of 1 
cent a quart in milk might raise the 
cost of living about 1 per cent. 

"This is absurd on its face," The 
Times declares. "A family that took 
seven quarts of milk a week would pay 
7 cents more. This would be one per 
cent of $7 a week but the individual 
factory worker today is receiving an 
average of more than $45 a week. 

"This brings us to the reason that 
the Administration offers for subsi- 
dizing milk. If the price is allowed to 
rise a cent a quart, its argument runs, 
organized labor will demand higher 
wages. This implies that wages have 
been tied up with living costs in a 
way in which they plainly have not 
been. While living costs had risen this 
July 22.4 per cent above those of Au- 
gust, 1939, the month before the out- 
break of war, hourly earnings in 
manufacturing establishments rose an 
average of 41.5 per cent and weekly 
earnings rose an average of 68.9 per 
cent. And many wages are still ris- 
ing under the numerous exceptions 
found by the War Labor Board, not 
to speak of legally mandatory \rage 
increases still prescribed by the Wage- 
Hour Act. Subsidies will be more 
defensible when wages and living 
costs are in fact tied together in some 
consistent manner." 



UNITED NATIONS AT WAR 

(Prepared by the Rural Press Section 
of the Office of War hiformation) 

Finds Jeeps Good for Farm Use 

American farmers may find the 
army jeep a handy thing to have on 
the farm after the war, according to 
tests made by the National Institute 
of Agricultural Engineering in Eng- 
land. In preparation for the post-war 
period of beating swords into plow- 
shares, the institute has been testing 
various war machines that might be 
used in agriculture. The tests show 
the jeep is capable of pulling a two- 
furrow plow and is particularly suc- 
cessful with a disc harrow. 

Russia Thanks American Farmers 

The sincere appreciation of the Rus- 
sian people for the American seeds 
sent to aid Russian farmers in the 
war-devastated areas recaptured from 
the enemy was recently expressed by 
Russian officials, the Department of 
Agriculture has reported. As of July 
1 this year, nearly 1 million pounds 
of vegetable seed and 2^/^ million 
pounds of field seed had been con- 
tributed to the Russian war relief 
agency through the efforts of United 
States seed improvement associations, 
extension services, and thousands of 
individuals farmers and seedsmen. 

Cites Chinese Casualties 
On the thirty-second anniversary of 
the Chinese Republic, the statement 
was made that, "For every American 
casualty in this war, 34 Chinese have 
suffered death or wounding since the 
day which we now realize was the 
beginning of the world war, the in- 
vasion of China by Japan." 

Dutch Farmer Tricks Nazis 
One Dutch farmer has devised a 
novel method of evading Nazi restric- 
tions on sale of fowl. The farmer ad- 
vertised in the lost and found column 
of a local paper that he had lost a 
purse containing 100 guilders and of- 
fered one goose as a "reward for its 



return." Next morning dozens of per- 
sons lined up with purses which they 
offered to "return" for the "reward." 

Haiti's Rubber Helps Allies 
Haitian rubber and fiber are play- 
ing a vital part in helping the Allies. 
The rubber production program in 
Haiti calls for planting up to 100,000 
acres of cryptostegia, a latex-produc- 
ing vine, to yield at least 100,000 tons 
of natural rubber a year for tank 
treads, combat tires, and other uses 
to which synthetic rubber alone is not 
adapted. The sisal agreement calls 
for delivery of 25 million pounds of 
fiber for naval and other uses during 
the next two years. Production fig- 
ures show that both programs are 
well ahead of schedule. 

Asks Norwegian Farmers to 
Resist 

Norwegian farmers have been urged 
by the Norwegian underground news- 
paper Bondon (The Peasant), to sab- 
otage the Nazi's program in Norway, 
according to a report received by 
OWL The paper asks farmers to re- 
fuse "to comply with forced requisi- 
tioning of goods and raw materials, 
to hand over horses and to work for 
the enemy." If they take help by 
force, the paper suggested, "then see 
to it that stolen goods are destroyed 
at places where the enemy has col- 
lecting centers and stores." 

Chinese Get Liberty Ships 

Two American Liberty ships recent- 
ly assigned by the United States to 
the Chinese government for operation 
during the war are the beginning of 
the first Chinese oversea merchant 
marine. Dr. T. V. Soong, Chinese 
foreign minister, commenting on the 
event said: "Flying the Chinese flag 
and manned by Chinese crews these 
ships will represent an important sym- 
bol for China and the thousands of 
Chinese sailors now sailing on ships of 
the United Nations." One of the ships 
was named "Chung Shan" in hon- 
or of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, father of the 
Chinese republic, and the other, 
"Chung Cheng," courtesy name of 
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, 
China's president and wartime leader. 

Escape Slave Labor 

Ninety-three per cent of a total of 
50,000 Frenchmen recently called up 
for compulsory labor service in Nazi 
war industry succeeded in evading 
the conscription, according to the 
Swiss newspaper Tribune de Geneve. 
In Belgium, house-to-house searches 
for slave laborers continue, according 
to reports reaching Belgian officials 
in London. 



MARKET NON-LAYING HENS 
AND SAVE FEED SUPPLIES 

H. H. Kauffman 

Many hens are nearing the end of 
their best laying period and because 
of the present ' feed situation, these 
hens should be marketed as they go 
out of production. 

Hens usually develop many pin 
feathers, lose body weight, and de- 
preciate in market value during the 
first six weeks after they start molt- 
ing. Poultry growers usually find 
that these hens have their highest 
market value for meat immediately 
before they start molting. By market- 
ing the non-laying hens, they reduce 
the amount of feed required by their 
flocks and thus help to conserve the 
national feed supply. 

Poultry extension specialists of the 
Pennsylvania State College are sug- 
gesting that poultry growers cull their 
laying flocks frequently, preferably 
each week, and that this is not a 
sacrifice but a good poultry manage- 
ment practice to follow. 



November, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 5 



LINCOLN'S ADDRESS 

PRESENTED 80 YEARS 

AGO AT GETTYSBURG 

Eighty years ago, November 19, 
1863, President Lincoln delivered an 
address at Gettysburg that today is 
considered one of the greatest — if not 
the greatest — oration ever delivered 
by any man, anywhere, anytime. 
Known today as the "Gettysburg Ad- 
dress" it has been translated into 
every language in the world—and yet 
Lincoln didn't think so well of it. 

In speaking at the dedication of the 
National Cemetery, just a little more 
than three months after the battle 
there between the Blue and the Gray, 
Lincoln said "the world will little note 
nor long remember what we say here 
but it can never forget what they did 
here." In that address he also re- 
marked, "that government of the peo- 
ple, by the people, for the people 
shall not perish from the earth." 

Edward Everett, one of the great- 
est orators the nation produced and 
who delivered the principal address 
at the dedication, spoke for two hours. 
When Mr. Lincoln had concluded his 
brief "remarks" Mr. Everett said to 
him, "I would gladly exchange all my 
hundred pages to have been the au- 
thor of your twenty lines." 

Whether President Lincoln wrote 
his address in Washington, on the 
train going to Gettysburg or in the 
home, at Gettysburg, of David Wills, 
is a question historians have not 
cleared up. Wills was the special rep- 
resentative of Governor Curtin, of 
Pennsylvania and the most active 
agent in the establishment of the Na- 
tional Cemetery. 

Mr. Lincoln left AVashington at 
noon on Wednesday, November 18. 
There were four passenger coaches in 
which rode the President, members of 
the cabinet, foreign ministers, private 
secretaries, oflicers of the army and 
navy, newspaper correspondents and 
a military detail serving as a guard 
of honor. The train arrived in Get- 
tysburg about dusk of the same day 
and Mr. Lincoln spent the night at 
the home of Mr. Wills. 

In his "History of the United 
States for Schools," Morory writes: 
^There is conclusive evidence that the 
words of the address were not written 
out until after the presidential party 
arrived on the ground." In an appen- 
<lix it is stated: "The following ac- 
count of how the address was written 
was received directly from the lips of 
ex-Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, 
who was present on the occasion and 
knew whereof he affirmed. Governor 
Curtin said that after the arrival of 
^e party from Washington, while the 
President, his cabinet, Edward Ever- 
ett, the orator of the day. Governor 
Curtin and others were sitting in the 
parlor of the hotel, the President re- 
marked that he understood the com- 
mittee expected him to say something. 
He would, therefore, if they would 
excuse him, retire to the next room 
and see if he could write out some- 
thing." 

Today at Gettysburg the room in 
^mch Mr. Lincoln slept the night 
before the dedication is carefully pre- 
served in faithful detail. It is the 
niecca of visitors to that community. 
In the National Cemetery rises a 
nandsome monument on the spot 
whore that address was delivered and 
a bronze plaque carries the words of 
the text. 

"The words of Lincoln's address 
nave more appreciation today than 
«ver before," says Floyd Chalfant, 
^ecretary of Commerce. "That ad- 
aross carried a ringing challenge 
«own the years and is of particular 
f ffnifieance in these days when Amer- 
ica is engaged in another struggle. 



It is not only the highest expression 
of oratory in existence. It is an im- 
m^-*al document on liberty and the 
equality of men not only here but 
everywhere. 

No wonder people stand in rever- 
ent awe on the spot at Gettysburg 
where those words were spoken, words 
that add to the immortality of Lin- 
coln, words that make the brightest 
and most glorious page in the book of 
American eloquence and statesman- 
ship." 



THE NATIONAL WAR FUND 

In its present campaign, the Na- 
tional War Fund deserves the serious 
consideration of every Grange mem- 
ber. 

What is it ? It's a combination of 
17 wartime agencies for service and 
relief. The biggest participant is the 
USO. The United Seamen's Service, 
the War Prisoners Aid Committee 
and relief agencies for China, Russia, 
Britain, Greece, Poland, Yugoslavia, 
France and other occupied countries 



are all incorporated in one organiza- 
tion, thus saving time, manpower and^ 
scattered campaign expenses. 

The USO and the United Seamen's 
Service care for the millions of Amer- 
icans in this country and overseas 
who are in military service. Camp 
shows, mobile service units and hos- 
pitality centers maintain high morale 
among our fighting men. The USO 
welcomes the women's auxiliary 
forces. 

The National War Fund supplies 
relief to refugees: the homeless wan- 
derers who were once happy, self-sup- 
porting citizens. Hundreds of mil- 
lions of them are destitute now, with- 
out any means of livelihood, and com- 
pletely dependent upon the relief 
agencies of the National War Fund. 

The Fund provides for war prison- 
ers: food for the under-nourished, 
and clothing for the scantily clothed. 
It provides books for idle minds, 
handicraft work for idle hands, and 
religious material, recreational equip- 
ment, musical instruments and occu- 
pational training. Its large scale 



TENTATIVE PROGRAM OF THE SEVENTY-FIRST SESSION 

OF THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE GRANGE 

AT WILLIAMSPORT 

December 14, 15, and 16, 1943 

Tuesday, December 14, at the Elks Auditorium 

10: 00 A.M. Opening in full form in the Sixth Degree. 

10 : 30 A. M. Open in Fourth Degree. Appointment of Committees. 

11 : 15 A. M. Master's Address. 

11 : 45 A. M. Recess. 



1 
1 
2 
3 
3 
4 



00 P. M. 
15 P. M. 
45 P. M. 
00 P. M. 
45 P. M. 
30 P. M. 



7 : 30 P. M. 
8:00 P.M. 

8:45 P.M. 

9 : 15 P. M. 

10:00 P.M. 



9 : 00 A. M. 

9 : 20 A. M. 

10 : 00 A. M. 



10:20 A.M. 
10 : 30 A. M. 
11:00 A.M. 
11:45 A.M. 



Afternoon 

Group Singing. 

Reports of Officers. 

Address by representative American Red Cross. 

Introduction of Resolutions without debate. 

Home Economics Program. 

Recess. 

Evening (Open Session) 

Music. 

Addresses of Welcome by Lycoming County Officials. 

Response by the State Grange. 

Address (to be announced). 

State Grange Spelling Contest. 

Recess. 

Wednesday, at the Karlton Theater 

Group Singing and Devotionals. 

Special Feature. 

Special Order: Presentation of names for member of 
Finance Committee and member of Executive Com- 
mittee for term of three years; also Secretary for 
one year. 

Last Call for Resolutions. 

Address (we hope to have the National Master). 

Memorial Service. Chaplain W. D. Keemer presiding. 

Recess. 



Afternoon, at the Lycoming Hotel 
1 : 30 P. M. Annual Meeting Keystone Grange Exchange. 
2 : 30 P. M. Meeting Pomona Masters and Deputies. - 
2 : 30 P. M. Meeting of Lecturers. 
3:00 P.M. Juvenile Meeting. , 
4:00 P.M. Fifth Degree. Lycoming County Degree Team. 

Evening, at the Karlton Theater 
8: 00 P.M. Conferring of the Sixth Degree. 

Thursday, December 16, at the Elks Auditorium 
9:00 A.M. Group Singing and Devotionals. 
9:20 A.M. Reports of Committees. 
11 : 45 A. M. Recess. 

Afternoon 
Group Singing. 
Reports of Committees. 
Special Order: Election of Officers. 
Presentations. 
Reports of Committees. 
Recess. 

Evening 
Unfinished Business. 
Reports of Tellers. Installation. 
Closing Grange in full form. 



1' 


15 P.M. 


1: 


30 P. M. 


2: 


00 P. M. 


2: 


30 P. M. 


3: 


00 P. M. 


4: 


00 P. M. 


7: 


30 P. M. 


8: 


30 P. M. 


9: 


00 P. M. 



work in keeping prisoners occupied 
cannot be fully appreciated until the 
end of the war when the released men 
return to civilian life normal and 
healthy, ready to take up life where 
they left it, or fit to rebuild their 
countries. 

The War Fund provides for war 
orphans of Europe who have been 
brought to this country. Others are 
waiting anxiously in Lisbon now, 
after perilous foot-journeys through 
Nazi lands, to the neutral port which 
has become known as the gateway to 
America. Only through the National 
War Fund can these little victims be 
rescued. 

Shipping seeds to barren lands is 
a project of many of the War Fund 
relief agencies. In Britain, govern- 
ment officials declared that this work 
of the British War Relief Society had 
averted a serious nation-wide food 
shortage. In other lands stripped by 
the Nazis, how much more vital are 
the "seeds of victory!" 



Classified Ads, 



CATTLE CLIPPER BLADES SHARPENED 

60c postpaid. Swartz Machinb Shop, 
Bellefonte, Penna. 

FOR SALE 

Registered Jersey Cattle — Cows, 
Heifers, and Young Bulls. Sybil 
breeding. Also Chester White Hogs. 

J. A. Boak & Sons, New Castle, Pa. 

C. J. BAINBRIDGE, Syracuse, New York, 
Grange Badges, Buttons, Regalia and supplies 
of every description. Official and the recog- 
nized standard everywhere. Send for catalog. 

SLAUGHTERING? 

Quick freeze & store your beef, poultry, 
vegetables, fruit & iee cream In one 2-temper- 
ature cabinet. Write for price list. 

EQUIPMENT SALES CO. 

3915 Market St. PHILADE^^PHIA. PA. 



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FEED IS NOT SAVED by keep- 
ing stock on the pastures until all 
of the grass is eaten off short. That 
kind of economy makes the pasture 
start slower in the spring and re- 
duces the amount of grass produced 
in the next season. 



SWEET POTATOES should be 
kept the first two weeks in a fairly 
moist place, where the temperature 
is 80 or 85 degrees. After this cur- 
ing period, the sweet potatoes should 
be moved to a drier place, where the 
temperature is 55 to 60 degrees. 



SHARP PLOW-SHARES will 
save power and do a better job of 
plowing. 



Page 6 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



November, 1943 



.:1 . 



I 



THE LECTURER'S CORNER 

O. WALKER SHANNON, State Lecturer 



Thanksgiving on the farm and in 
the farm home this year is especially 
appropriate. We who dwell on the 
farm have never been more conscious 
of the presence of God, than we have 
this year. We are a traditionally re- 
ligious group of people. This is prob- 
ably true because we live so close to 
nature and rely so much on the work- 
ing of nature's laws for our success. 
The past year has been a hard one 
for all groups in this nation. Every- 
one has had to work hard. We have 
all had to sacrifice, some more and 
some less. Most homes have at least 
one member in the armed forces. 
Many farm boys have been called 
upon to make the supreme sacrifice. 
The days of sacrifice and hard work 
are not over. Indeed, the days ahead 
will call for much more than we have 
ever known. In the face of all this, 
it may seem as if Thanksgiving Day 
is not an appropriate day to celebrate. 
To say this, would indicate that we 
fail to understand the true signifi- 
cance of a day set apart to humbly 
bow ourselves before our maker and 
give thanks for the accrued blessings 
which have been ours. The hilarity 
which accompanied most of our 
ffational Holidays will of course be 
gone. It never rightfully was a part 
of Thanksgiving. This year it will be 
a day of solemnly rededicating our- 
selves to the task ahead. We can 
profitably look back on the days gone 
by and examine again those virtue's 
upon which our nation was founded. 
We will do well to consider the back- 
ground of the founding fathers of this 
nation. We can realize from even a 
superficial study of our nation's his- 
tory and its leaders, that we grew and 
prospered due to our reliance on men 
who were guided by principles of 
Christianity. In more recent times, 
we seem to be relying more and more 
on the feeble wisdom of men. This 
year as we observe Thanksgiving in 
our Grange and our homes, a spirit of 
humble thankfulness to God will un- 
doubtedly prevail. One practical 
method of demonstrating that we are 
truly thankful will be to study ways 
whereby we can do whatever task may 
be ours in these desperate days. We 
need to study carefully the road 
our Nation is traveling. The days 
Thead call for renewed vigor in prose - 
c 'ng the ideals of Christianity. We 
mubc again be brought to a realiza- 
tion that God does control the fate of 
Nations as well as the fate of men. 



CHRISTMAS TABLEAUX 

Nothing will give your program a 
mystical worshipful significance like 
a tableaux. The following are se- 
lected from hymn books that are 
available in every community and 
with which people are familiar. Copy 
the words of these lovely old hymns on 
paper and have them held up by pages 
30 everyone can see the words of the 
song. This gives the audiejice a share 
in the tableaux that they will appre- 
ciate. The house should be in semi- 
darkness for these numbers. The 
tableaux should be arranged well to 
the back of the stage as far removed 
from the audience as possible. Your 
ordinary stage curtain is too far 
front to be used for this act, so string 
a wire across the stage at the rear, 
allowing about three feet from the 
back wall for the actors in the tab- 
leaux. On this wire you could hang 
blankets. Your tableaux will require 



a background like the evening sky. 
Make this of old sheets that have been 
dipped in bluing to make them blue 
for sky. Stretch these across the wall 
at the back of the stage, after first 
cutting a five pointed star about as 
big as a saucer in one of them. Sta- 
tion someone behind the hole with a 
flashlight and the star will shine forth 
in the darkness with realistic bril- 
liance. 

Oh, Little Town of Bethlehem. This 
scene is the silhouette of house tops 
against the night sky with the star 
twinkling above. Cut house tops out 
of pasteboard cartons covering them 
with black paper or painting them 
black. They need not be higher than 
three feet. Mount them on boards so 
they will sit up. 

Hark, the Herald Angels Sing. 
Have scene of Three Wise Men out- 
lined against the sky, using the star 
only and removing the housetops. Get 
your picture for this from a Christ- 
mas card. 

Silent Night, Holy Night. This is 
a picture of a mother and babe in 
the manger. Remove the star for this 
and put a dark blanket for the back- 
ground instead of blue sky. Open 
the curtains only a little way on this 
scene, which will make it farther 



away. 



— Kansas State College. 



CHRISTMAS TIME 

Do you know the marvel of Christmas 

time, 
The miracle meaning of song and 

chime. 
Of hearty love and huge good will, 
Of feasts that gladden and gifts that 

spill ? 

Oh! it isn't the gift, and it isn't the 

feast ; 
Of all the miracles, these are the 

least. 
It's the good that flows from the 

hearts of men 
When Christmas love is abroad again. 

— Angela Morgan. 



STORY OF THE 

CHRISTMAS TREE 

The custom of celebrating the Yule- 
tide with a Christmas tree gaily deco- 
rated, it is said originated in North- 
ern Europe. A pretty legend regard- 
ing the first Christmas tree there tells 
of a humble cottage home where two 
children lived near a wood. 

One winter night there came a tap- 
ping at the door, and the childish 
voice cried: "Oh, let me in, pray! 
I am a poor child with nothing to eat 
and no home to go to." The children 
of the cottage opened the door to the 
"stranger child," and bade him wel- 
come, sharing their bread with him. 
Then they took him into their sleep- 
ing chamber and gave him their bed, 
while they slept on a hard bench. 
During the night the children were 
awakened by sweet music — voices 
singing to the melody of a harp under 
their window. When they tip-toed to 
the window they saw a group of chil- 
dren clothed in garments of silver and 
with golden harps in their hands, 
standing before the humble cottage. 
Again a tap at the door, and as before 
the stranger child stood on the thresh- 
hold, a radiance gleaming around his 
curly hair. 

"I am the Christ-Child, who wan- 
ders through the world bringing peace 
and happiness to good children," he 



said. "You took Me in and cared for 
Me when you thought I was a poor 
child, and now you shall have My 
blessing." 

Breaking a twig from a fir tree 
growing near the cottage. He planted 
it in the ground saying: "This twig 
shall become a tree and bring forth 
fruit year by year for you." The leg- 
end adds that the fir-twig grew and 
became a Christmas tree, and every 
Yuletide there hung on its branches 
golden apples and silver nuts for the 
woodcutter's children. 



PRAYER 

To The Giver 

Lord, I am glad for the great gift of 
living — 
Glad for Thy days of sun and of 
rain; 
Grateful for joy, with an endless 
thanksgiving. 
Grateful for laughter — and grate- 
ful for pain. 

Lord, I am glad for the young April's 
wonder, 
Glad for the fullness of long 
summer days. 
And now when the spring and my 
heart are asunder. 
Lord, I give thanks for the dark 
autumn ways. 

Sun bloom, and blossom, Lord, I 
remember. 
The dream of the spring and its joy 
I recall; 
But now in the silence and pain of 
November, 
Lord, I give thanks to thee, Giver 
of all I 

— Charles Hanson Towne. 



PROPER STORAGE HELPS 

KEEP QUALITY OF FRUIT 

J. L. Mecartney 

Most of Pennsylvania's apple crop 
now is picked and under cover. There 
remains, however, the problem of 
proper storage management in order 
to insure the best possible quality 
when the fruit comes out of storage 
and the minimum loss of fruit. 

This year, because of the light crop 
and heavy demand, much inferior 
fruit which ordinarily would be 
wasted or go into cider stock, is going 
into fresh fruit channels. 

Drops and otherwise imperfect fruit 
often may be held in storage for a 
short time without serious loss if it 
cannot be used immediately. Such 
fruit should be gotten to consumers 
as quickly as possible to avoid exces- 
sive waste. Bitter pit or stippen, 
which often may be observed at har- 
vest time on such varieties as Baldwin 
and Northern Spy, may be expected 
to develop further in storage. The 
sooner such fruit is consumed, the less 
will be the loss. Bitter pit usually is 
more severe on the larger specimens. 
These are frequently graded out and 
sold early when the remainder of the 
crop is to be held in storage. 

Fruit extension specialists of the 
Pennsylvania State College explain 
that in the common or unrefrigerated 
storage one of the main problems is 
to cool the fruit as quickly as possible 
to a temperature of 35 to 40 degrees 
Fahrenheit. This may be accomplished 
more readily by continuous ventila- 
tion day and night as long as the 
temperature in the stacks of fruit is 
higher than the outside temperature 
in the shade. Of course, ventilation 
must be temporarily discontinued 
when there is danger of freezing near 
the ventilators. 

Humidity control is another im- 
portant point in storage management. 
If the storage atmosphere is too dry* 
the apples wilt and shrivel; if too 



PROTECT YOUR HOME FROM 
TUBERCULOSIS 




BUY and USE Christinas Seals 



moist, the growth of molds is en- 
couraged. Eighty-five to 90 per cent 
relative humidity is considered ideal. 
If a grower does not have an instru- 
ment for determining humidity, he 
must watch closely the condition of 
the apples and quickly supply moist- 
ure if any wilting occurs. Concrete 
floors in the common storage are like- 
ly to cause wilting of the fruit unless 
the floor is periodically flooded. Even 
earth floors may need to be moistened 
occasionally to maintain a desirable 
humidity in the storage atmosphere. 



CLEAN-UP IS NEEDED IN 

CONTROL OF CORN BORER 

H. E. HODGKISS 

A thorough clean-up is urged in 
control of the European corn borer. 

This year the corn borer has 
proved how destructive it can be when 
conditions are just right for its de- 
velopment. Extension entomologists 
of the Pennsylvania State College re- 
port that early sweet corn and 
potatoes, as well as a number of 
other thick-stemmed plants were tall 
enough when the first eggs were de- 
posited by moths to receive the full 
impact of the first brood in the eastern 
counties where the insect is two- 
brooded each year. Late in July and 
early in August the second brood of 
moths emerged and laid eggs on late- 
maturing sweet corn and on field 
corn. 

West of the Susquehanna river the 
insect has only one brood a year. In 
six western tier counties some of the 
borers matured and moths emerged 
to lay eggs. Thus, a partial second 
brood developed. Whether a two- 
generation strain of corn borers is 
in the making there will be known 
only by watching the development 
next year. 

Apparently farmers are in a fight 
against the corn borer which 
threatens corn production. The Col- 
lege entomologists explain that sup- 
pression of the insect depends upon 
proper methods of handling the crop 
during harvest, through the winter 
months, and when the fields the being 
prepared in early spring for planting. 

Individual farmers will not make 
much headway in control by single 
farm clean-ups. Corn borer control 
is considered a community effort. 
Definite procedures must be planned 
and followed. 

Practices for corn borer control are 
given in Extension Circular 245 pub- 
lished by the Pennsylvania State 
College. 



I^ovember, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 7 



STRESSES GOOD SHEEP 

MANAGEMENT PRACTICES 

W. B. CONNELL 

Top production of lambs and wool 
in 1944 cannot be left to chance. Cer- 
tain management practices at this 
time of the year are vitally important. 

1. Cull out all old, broken-mouthed, 
light-shearing, unthrifty ewes. 

2. Use a good registered ram that 
will improve next year's lamb crop. 

3. Turn the ewe flock on fresh 
pasture so that the ewes will be in a 
gaining condition at the breeding sea- 
son. 

4. Avoid feeding internal parasites 
this winter by treating the entire ewe 
flock at least once this fall with 
phenothiazine. 

A mixture of 1 pound of powdered 
phenothiazine and 9 pounds of salt is 
recommended by the Pennsylvania 
State College. If such a mixture is 
kept before the flock at all times it 
will aid in controlling internal para- 
sites. 

It will be necessary to protect this 
mixture from the weather and to keep 
it away from other farm animals. 

Extension Leaflet 95, "Phenothia- 
zine for Internal Parasites of Sheep," 
tells how to use the treatment. It is 
available from the Agricultural Ex- 
tension office. 



PROTEIN FED TO HOGS 

WILL SAVE MUCH CORN 

L. C. Madison 

Every pound of protein supplement 
fed to hogs saves 5 pounds of corn. 

When corn alone is fed it takes 600 
pounds of that grain to produce 100 
pounds of gain liveweight. However, 
with protein supplement in the ration 
400 pounds of corn and 40 pounds of 
protein will make the same gain. 

With 1,000,000 pigs to feed in Penn- 
sylvania this year, at least 400 mil- 
lion pounds of corn, or 7,142,857 
bushels, could be saved if all pigs fat- 
tened for market could get. all the 
protein needed. These figures are 
based on 200 pounds per pig. Of 
course, many will be fattened to weigh 
more than that. 

At the present price of corn it is 
easy to calculate the value of protein 
in the feeding of pigs for market. 
Every feeder who can supplement his 
farm-grown grains with protein there- 
fore, not only saves corn for other 
Qses but increases his own profits. 



Grief hallows hearts, even while it 
ages heads.— Bat^ey. 



BUILT-UP LITTER SAVES 

POULTRY HOUSE LABOR 

F. H. Leuschner 

One way to save labor on the poul- 
try farm is to use the built-up litter 
method in the hen house. 

Poultrymen who have already 
rtarted the built-up litter will want 
to keep on adding litter small amounts 
•t a time. The hens will work over 
this litter and the new litter main- 
tains the volume of absorbent quali- 
ties, important in keeping down 
oampness. If the litter is to work 
J^ht, it must be stirred to mix the 
droppings with the litter. 

It is not too late to start built-up 
litter but the procedure is slightly 
different from what it would be in 
September. Then the chickens could 
Qave broken up the litter a little at a 
time, but now it is too late for that. 
^ started now, at least 2 or 3 inches 
01 finely cut straw, or sawdust, or 
jny other fine material must be put 
down. Then afterward manage the 
same as if the built-up litter had been 
started earlier. Keep adding a little 
^pre litter as needed and keep it 
stirred. This method will save a lot 
0* work in cleaning the poultry house. 



Pennsylvania Farm Notes 



PLAN THIS FALL TO 

REDUCE SOIL EROSION 

J. B. R. Dickey 

Prevention of soil erosion may seem 
like an untimely topic after a serious 
drought. However, most farmers know 
what damage heavy rains can cause in 
gullies washed in the fields and the 
best soil carried oif as muddy water. 
Forethought and planning can help 
to avoid these losses. 

The simplest and most satisfactory 
erosion control is obtained in the lay- 
ing out of washy slopes into strips on 
the contour so that all the rows run 
approximately level and do not lead 
the water into depressions where gul- 
lies can form. If the water does not 
start to run off so quickly, more of it 
soaks into the ground where crops can 
use it. 

Between each pair of plowed strips 
there should be a strip of equal width 
in sod or winter grain. Sod not only 
will not wash, but it checks the water 
which may run off the plowed strip 
above and spreads it so that little dam- 
age is done. 

Beginners with contour farming at 
first think the strips look a little queer 
but when they get used to them they 
find many advantages in addition to 
reduced washing. For one thing, all 
farming operations are done on the 
level; no grades to pull up and down, 
and less horse-power and gear-shift- 
ing required. By throwing several 
fields together and running the strips 
across them, one can often make long 
rounds which are more economical to 
operate. 

Extension agronomists of the Penn- 
sylvania State College explain that 
the laying out of strips requires some 
planning in the matter of rotations 
and other operations. They feel that 
the job should be done as nearly right 
as practical at the start. That means 
the right width of strip and use of a 
level to get started on the true con- 
tour. 



Any farmer who has an erosion 
problem can get extension circulars 
which give practical solutions. These 
are available at the County Agricul- 
tural Extension oflSce. Additional 
help and guidance in planning and 
laying out contour strips can be gotten 
from your County Agent. 



DAIRYMEN MUST CULL 

HERDS TO SAVE FEED 

R. H. Olmstead 

Culling of the herd is still one of 
the big jobs for the dairyman. 

Although increased milk production 
is one of the most important phases 
of the war food program, he says 
that it is essential that this milk be 
produced efficiently. For efficient 
production the dairyman must study 
his herd and cull those cows that are 
not profitable. 

Dairy extension specialists of the 
Pennsylvania State College emphasize 
that scarcity of feed should have an 
important bearing on the culling 
situation. If there is not enough feed 
to give all the cows all the feed they 
should have, it is much better to get 
rid of the poorer cows than to keep 
the whole herd on reduced rations. 

Largest returns in both milk and 
profits for the feed fed come from 
the highest producers, records of dairy 
herd improvement associations show. 
The feed available will produce the 
greatest returns by feeding it to 
cows that can handle it efficiently. 

When culling is done, the low pro- 
ducers, cows with diseased udders, 
and sterile cows should be removed 
from the herd. 



HYBRID CORN CONTINUES 

TO WIN FAVOR IN PA. 

The increasing popularity of hy- 
brid corn in Pennsylvania is indi- 
cated in the planting this year of 44 
per cent of the total corn acreage with 
hybrid seed, according to a Federal- 



State report from the Pennsylvania 
Department of Agriculture. 

Recent reports of growers indicate 
that hybrid corn has been able to 
withstand drought conditions some- 
what better than the open-pollinated 
types of corn grown on Pennsylvania 
farms, largely because of its larger 
root system. Hybrid corn had its ear- 
liest beginnings about 10 years ago 
and is now reported to predominate 
in the mid-west corn belt. 

In 1936 one-tenth of one per cent 
of the corn acreage in Pennsylvania 
was planted with hybrid seed. This 
increased gradually until 1940 the 
acreage devoted to hybrid corn was 
14.7 per cent. In 1941 the acreage 
had increased to 25.1 per cent and in 
1942 to 36.1 per cent. 

Of the 1,347,000 acres planted with 
corn in Pennsylvania this year, a to- 
tal of 593,000 was planted with hybrid 
seed. The percentage rate of increase 
indicates that for 1944 more than half 
of the Pennsylvania • corn acreage 
might be grown from hybrid seed. 



WARTIME DEMAND FOR 

TIMBER INCREASING 

F. T. MURPHEY 

While the demand for timber by the 
armed forces is increasing, the pro- 
duction of this essential commodity 
at home is declining. A shortage of 
manpower to do the job is the chief 
reason. 

With the end of the crop season 
near and the winter just ahead, some 
farmers will have a few days now and 
then to devote to timber harvest. 

Extension foresters of the Penn- 
sylvania State College have prepared 
the following outline of procedure for 
holding the timber line: 

1. Look over the woodlot to see if 
there is any salable timber. 

2. Get in contact with a lumberman 
in the vicinity and tell him what is 
available. 

3. Arrange with him to buy the 
logs or other products, such as mine 
props, chemical wood, pulpwood, etc., 
on the skidway by the board foot, 
ton, or cord basis. 

4. In spare time this winter pro- 
ceed with the cutting. 





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Photo by fennsylvania Turnpihe Commisaion 
Piauresque Strip Cropping on Pennsylvania Farm 



Page 8 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



November, I943 



i- 






Pennsylvania Qrange News 



Published monthly by the Pennsylvania State Grange 
Room 426-28, Telegraph Building 
216 Locust Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 



5 cents a copy 



50 cents a year 



Vol. XL 



NOVEMBER, 1943 



No. 8 



Board of Managers 
KENZIE S. BAGSHAW, President, Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

G. MERLE GRIFFIN ALBERT MADIGAN C. M. DAVIDSON 

Smock, Pa. Towanda, Pa. Grove City, Pa. 

Editor-in-Chief, KENZIE 8. BAGSHAW 

Managing Editor, JOAB K. MAHOOD 
427-429 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Associate Editor, 0. WALKER SHANNON 
Hookstown, Pa. 

ADVIDRTISINO is accepted at the rate of 25 cents per agate line, or $3.50 per Inch, 
each iMMTtloH. New York representative, Norman Co., 34 West .'^Sd Street. 



tlDtaniksigtbtns 



WHEN, in 1621, Governor Bradford of the Plymouth Colony sent 
forth four men to shoot wild fowl that the settlers might, "after a 
more special manner, rejoice together after the first ingathering of 
the harvest in the New "World," he established a custom that has become 
dear to the hearts of all Americans. 

As those sturdy Pioneers sat down to their feast, their hearts over- 
flowed with a great prayer of thankfulness to God who had guided them to 
the shores of this new country and who had blessed them with the bounties 
of Nature. 

Their needs were simple and they had been supplied. They had sought 
a land wherein they might worship according to the dictates of their con- 
science and they had found it. They had looked for a land where they 
might establish a government of free people and, unknowingly, they had 
sowed the seeds of the greatest Democracy the world has ever known. The 
Pilgrims were thankful. 

Today, as we compare the complexity of our lives with the simplicity 
of theirs, we realize that one day in a year is not enough for Thanksgiving. 
"We have all the things for which they gave thanks plus the accumulation 
of all of God's blessings toward us since that time. "We are often prone to 
accept our greatest privileges of life as a matter of course and as something 
due us as an inherent right, forgetting that we are but stewards of the 
Bounty of God. 

If we are inclined to confine our thoughts to the present, this Thanks- 
giving Day may not be a happy one. But if we can but remember that He, 
who guided the Pilgrims' ship to Plymouth is still the Ruler of the Uni- 
verse and that His plans are not long upset by "man's inhumanity to man," 
then we Americans can find much to be thankful for this November, 1943. 



Make a joyful noise unto the Lord, all ye lands. 

Serve the Lord with gladness; come before his presence with singing. 

Know ye that the Lord he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not 
we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture. 

Enter into his gates with Thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise : 
be thankful unto him and bless his name. 

For the Lord is good; his mercy is everlasting; and his truth endureth 
to all generations. — Psalm 100. 



^ I 



Price Ceilings, Roll Backs and 

Subsidies 

MOST Agricultural Leaders are convinced that farm production is 
certain to decrease in the future under the present Price Ceiling, 
Roll Back and Subsidy program. 

National Master Goss in recently appearing before the House Banking 
and Currency Committee said: "Subsidies throw the burden which we are 
able to fear onto future generations. We cannot find words strong enough 
to express our disapproval of a policy transferring this cost to the children 
of the young men who are fighting our battles. 

"Subsidies increase our National Debt — a very potent cause of inflation. 
Subsidies introduce the dangerous doctrine that the State should support its 
people rather than the people support the State. 

"Subsidies lead to political control which is extremely hard to break. 
Subsidies are a demogogue's paradise. They enable him to promise higher 
prices for the producer and lower costs to the consumer. This cannot be 
kept up long. 



"Probably the worst danger in Subsidies lies in the fact that they lead 
directly to Chaos." 

Price ceilings. Roll Backs and Subsidies on farm products at this time 
when the National income has reached a new high are demoralizing agri- 
culture and driving many farmers out of business. 

Production will continue if they receive a fair and honest price in the 
market place. Farmers don't want a Government Dole. They know that 
empty shelves are of no value in winning the war and establishing peace. 



^ • 



Grange Elections 

THE By-Laws of the Pennsylvania State Grange provide that each 
Subordinate Grange elect their officers at a regular meeting in the 

month of November. This is a most important Grange duty. The suc- 
cess of any organization depends, in no small measure, upon its leadership. 
It is important to select as Master, Overseer, Lecturer, etc., those who are , 
capable of representing the Grange in the community and who can best 
direct and develop the latent abilities of the members. It is also important 
to select some of the younger patrons for at least part of the official family 
so that they may have an opportunity to develop their talents for leadership. 

"When the election has been held, the Secretary of the Subordinate 
Grange should promptly send the names of the Master, Lecturer and Sec- 
retary to the State Grange so that they may be printed in the Register. 



November, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 9 



Christmas Seals 



THE thirty-seventh annual sale of Christmas Seals and Christmas Seal 
Bonds begins Monday, November 22. In 1903, a post-office clerk in a 
small town of Denmark conceived the idea of selling a Christmas stamp 
to get funds to build a hospital for tuberculous children. A few years later, 
the plan was adopted in America. It has grown to amazing proportions 
and has been a dominant factor in checking the ravages of the dread disease. 

AVhen you buy and use Christmas Seals, you enlist in a campaign that 
is doing a splendid job in human welfare. The death rate from tuberculosis 
has been definitely decreased in the past quarter century but wartime con- 
ditions add to the danger from the disease. In Pennsylvania, 4,117 persons 
died from tuberculosis last year as compared with 4,083 in 1941 and this 
increase is continuing in the forepart of 1943. The disease is especially 
disastrous to young people, much of the mortality occurring between the 
ages of 15 and 40. 

The 1943 Christmas Seal stamp bears an appealing picture of a child 
looking through a window as Santa Claus rides across a moonlighted sky. 
The double barred cross, insignia of the Tuberculosis Societies, represents 
her hope for health and happiness. 

The Granges of Pennsylvania have long been active supporters of this 
program and will do their part in 1943. 



^ ■ 



Education a Function of the State 

SINCE the inception of the Public School System in Pennsylvania, it 
has always been accepted as the duty of the Commonwealth to see that 
every boy and girl have the opportunity of an education. 
In the early days, educational advantages were limited to the wealthy, 
to those who could afford to hire tutors or could attend the few "acadamies" 
of that time. These favored few were jealous of their privileges and did not 
look with favor on education for the masses. 

One of the first Pennsylvanians to fight for a public school system was 
.Timothy Pickering who led a staunch, but unsuccessful, demand for such a 
provision in the Constitutional Convention of 1790. 

In 1883, Samuel Breck of Philadelphia succeeded in getting an "Edu- 
cation Bill" passed which was destined to be the foundation of our present 
system. The act was vigorously attacked in a subsequent session of the 
Legislature and would have met with certain defeat had it not been for 
the intervention of Thaddeus Stevens. Stevens, whose powerful oratory was 
to have a prominent part in later years in the emancipation of the slaves, 
convinced the legislators that education was for all and that "the blessing 
of education shall be conferred on every son of Pennsylvania." 

Since that time, the principle that the Commonwealth and the Town 
should provide the educational needs of our young people has not been 
seriously challenged— until recently. Elsewhere in this issue of Grange 
News will be found an account of Grange opposition to the attempt by the 
Federal Government to centralize more authority in Washington by giving 
"financial assistance" to our schools in this "emergency." 

The sad story of centralization of power has always begun with "financial 
assistance." But with that assistance has always gone "control." If we do 
not want a Nationalized School System, we should do all in our power to 
correct the present trend along that line in Washington. 



National Grange Opposes 

Federal Meddling in Education 



THE United States Senate on Oc- 1 While the pending bill attempts to 
tober 20 returned to the Commit- set up safeguards against these dan- 
"" ' * 1 T 1 ,1 gers, we do not believe that they 

would be effective beyond a year or 



tee on Education and Labor the 
so-called Educational Finance Bill, 
authorizing Federal appropriations of 
$300,000,000 annually for the public 

schools. 

The decisive vote on the measure 
came on an amendment offered by 
Senator Langer, of North Dakota, 
providing that in the distribution of 
Federal funds there should be no dis- 
crimination against schools for col- 
ored people. The Langer amendment 
was adopted by a vote of 40 to 37. 
After that the Senators from the 
Southern States, who were the prin- 
cipal backers of the measure, lost in- 
terest in it. 

The position of the National 
Grange on this bill was outlined in 
the letter that was sent to all the 
members of the Senate on October 16 
by Fred Brenckman, Washington 
Representative of the organization. 
The letter was as follows: 

Text of Grange Letter 

We have read and carefully con- 
sidered S. 637, known as the Educa- 
tional Finance Bill. We note that 
this bill authorizes appropriations for 
the public schools aggregating $300,- 
000,000 a year. Of this sum, $200,- 
000,000 is to be apportioned among 
the States to raise substandard sal- 
aries of teachers and to meet the in- 
creased cost of living occasioned by 
the war. The other $100,000,000 is to 
be a permanent appropriation for the 
purpose of equalizing educational op- 
portunities as between the people of 
the several States. 

The National Grange is in hearty 
sympathy with the idea that teachers, 
who are among the most worthy and 
indispensable of our public servants, 
should be properly compensated. How- 
ever, as we see it, there is no justifi- 
cation for the enactment of this bill. 
The Federal Government has no 
money to appropriate for education 
except borrowed funds. The national 
debt has already passed the colossal 
figure of $160,000,000,000, and it is 
estimated that before the close of the 
fiscal year it will exceed the $200,000,- 
000,000 mark. 

On the other hand, the finances of 
most of the State governments are in 
good shape. Some of the State legis- 
latures have already taken action to 
cope with the emergency situation in 
the schools created by wartime condi- 
tions. For example, at its last ses- 
sion the legislature of Pennsylvania 
passed an act which provides an an- 
nual bonus of $300 for its lowest paid 
teachers. Teachers in the higher sal- 
ary brackets receive a smaller share 
01 the funds appropriated for this 
purpose, but all participate in the 
benefits of the act. Every State in 
the Union that has not taken similar 
?ction should do so, rather than shift 
Its responsibility to the Federal Gov- 
ernment, which is already carrying 
a staggering load. 

Education a State Function 

Elementary education is a State 
lunction. Any meddling in public 
school affairs on the part of the Fed- 
eral Government, even with the best 
01 intentions, could not fail to have 



two at the most. The demand for 
Federal funds would increase with 
each succeeding year, and in the end 
a Federal Department of Education 
would be established to supervise the 
expenditure of the Federal funds ap- 
propriated, together with the sums 
raised by local and state taxation. 

In other words, our public school 
system would be nationalized and bu- 
reaucratized. This would work griev- 
ous and irreparable injury to the 
whole system. As Dr. Nicholas Mur- 
ray Butler, president of Columbia 
University, has expressed it: 

Butler Flays Bureaucrats 

"There is not enough money in the 
United States, even if every dollar of 
it were expended on education, to 
produce through Federal authority, or 
through what is naively called coop- 
eration between the Federal Govern- 
ment and the several States, educa- 
tional results that would be at all 
comparable with those that have al- 
ready been reached under the free 
and natural system that has grown 
up among us. . . . 

"Bureaucrats and experts will 
speedily take the life out of even the 
best of schools and reduce them to 
dried and mounted specimens of peda- 
gogic fatuity. Unless the school is 
both the work and pride of the com- 
munity it serves, it is nothing. A 
school system that grows naturally in 
response to the needs and ambitions 
of a hundred thousand different com- 
munities will be a better school sys- 
tem than any which can be imposed 
upon those localities by the aid of 
grants of public money from the Fed- 
oral Treasury, accompanied by Fed- 
eral regulations. Federal inspections. 
Federal reports and Federal uniform- 
ities." 

We believe that our best hope of 
saving American democracy, the very 
thing for which we are fighting in this 
global war, lies in maintaining the 
sovereignty and independence of the 
States. In order that the States may 
remain virile and self-respecting, they 
must discharge the functions which 
naturally fall within their sphere. To 
say that the States are unable to cope 
with the prevailing crisis in educa- 
tion would be both absurd and untrue. 
It is in view of these considerations 
tiiat we oppose the enactment of the 
pending bill. 



EXPANSION OF REAL ESTATE 



- . J?.^st pernicious effects. It would 
ihtallibly destroy local initiative and 
control in school affairs. We may also 
jaKe It for granted that in a short 
"hie It would result in the creation of 
another giant bureaucracy that would 
niail a perpetual drain upon the 
federal Treasurv. 



Governor A. G. Black of the Farm 
Credit Administration told the 
National Agrucultural Credit Com- 
mittee that the Federal Land Banks 
are not going to permit their loan 
values to spiral upward toward in- 
flation and he called upon other 
mortgage lenders to be equally firm 
in holding the line against a repeti- 
tion of the land boom and crash of 
the '20's. 

At the same time the FCA chief, 
who is chairman of the committee, 
warned that the line is not being held 
now. On the basis of reports of the 
average size of farm mortgages re- 
corded throughout the nation in the 
first six months of 1943, those who 
are borrowing money to buy farm 
land are borrowing more than for 
many years. 

Greatest rise in mortgage size oc- 
curs in mortgages recorded by in- 
dividuals, Governor Black reported. 



However, he pointed out, some other 
lenders also are recording mortgages 
averaging substantially more in 
amount than they did a year ago. 

"Lacking effective controls on land 
prices, such as capital gains taxes, 
credit limitations or price ceilings," 
Governor Black said, "it is up to us 
as lenders to do what we can to keep 
land prices within reason. 

"If we do not — if, in fact, we 
underwrite inflation by lending be- 
yond what we recognize are normal 
values — we are going to create a 
major problem for ourselves, for the 
people we finance, and very likely for 
agriculture as a whole." 

The farm real estate situation is a 
mixture of favorable and dangerous 
factors, the committee was told. The 
most favorable one is the continuing 
rapid decline in the total martgage 
indebtedness of farmers. Norman J. 
Wall of the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics, U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, estimated the total farm 
mortgage debt on July 1 stood at 
approximately $6,100,000,000, the 
lowest figure since 1917. The present 
rate of reduction is about $500,000,- 
000 annually — the most rapid rate in 
history. 

On the other hand, there are three 
unfavorable factors. They are: 

1. Continually increasing land 
prices. 

2. Increasing size of mortgages 
recorded. 

3. G a i n in total amount of 
mortgage recordings. 

Price gains as rapid as 6 per cent 
a month for six consecutive months 
have been recorded in some areas, it 
was reported. In a number of other 
areas increases of 20 to 30 percent 
over 1942 average prices were re- 
ported in the first six months of this 
year. 

Within these areas, it was pointed 
out, specific sales reflecting consider- 
ably greater gains in price have been 
made. 

Many of the areas reporting the 
sharpest increases are adjacent to ex- 
tensive war industries. In these 
areas, demand for farms for invest- 
ment purposes is heavy. There con- 
tinue to be scattered reports of 
speculative activity, but there ap- 
pears to be no increasing speculative 
trend in the market. 

The gain in total amount of 
mortgage recordings in the second 
quarter of 1943 reverses a two-year 
downward trend. In the second quar- 
ter of 1943, 8 per cent more 
mortgages were recorded than in the 
same quarter of 1942. The dollar 
volume was 26 per cent greater than 
the corresponding period last year, 
and greater than any second quarter 
of any year since 1935. 

The short-term credit situation re- 
veals some of the same trends as the 
long-term, but there do not appear 
to be the same elements of danger in 
it, C. R. Arnold, production credit 
commissioner of the Farm Credit 
Administration, reported. 

Fewer farmers, Arnold said, are 
using short-term credit this year than 
last year. Those who are using credit 
to finance production, however, are 
using larger amounts. 

Arnold's explanation for this fact 
is higher costs of production and, 
in many instances, increased produc- 
tion. 

"Loans necessarily have had to go 
up to meet rising costs, but I think 
safe margins are being provided in 
practically all short-term loans made. 
T.onders generally are giving increas- 
ing attention to the progress bor- 
rowers are making, and the difficulty 
in getting labor and machinery is 
preventing overexpansion on a credit 
basis. I 



SEND RESOLUTIONS TO 

SECRETARY BEFORE 

DECEMBER 1 

Granges who have resolutions 
to present to the State Grange 
for its consideration at the Wil- 
liamsport meeting, December 14, 
15 and 16, should send them to 
the office of the State Grange 
Secretary, 427 Telegraph Build- 
ing, Harrisburg, before Decem- 
ber 1. 

This will insure having the 
resolutions mimeographed in 
advance of the meeting so that 
committees can immediately get 
to work on them. The usual 
procedure will, of course, be fol- 
lowed in calling for resolutions 
at the meeting but it will great- 
ly expedite matters to have them 
in advance. 



"Neither farmers nor lenders want 
a repetition of the deflation of the 
'20's when billions of short-term 
loans had to be converted into long- 
term mortgages. Unless there is a 
radical change in the present trend, 
I believe we can avoid that this 



time. 



» 



WOMEN AND BOYS ARE 

ADEPT BARK PEELERS 

F. T. MURPHEY 

The results of pulpwood peeling 
contests held in Elk and Blair Coun- 
ties indicate that the field of woods 
work is being invaded by women and 
boys. 

Two boys, 14 and 18 years old, 
teamed together, took first prize in 
the peeling contest held near Hallton, 
Elk County, where men were the only 
other competitors. The two boys 
peeled aspen of its bark at the rate 
of one cord in an hour and 12 min- 
utes. 

In Blair County a woman entered 
the peeling contest held for men and 
by the exercise of unusual skill, came 
in second' in a list of half a dozen 
men. 

Woods work is generally conceded 
to be entirely a job for men, and 
husky men at that. In spite of the 
conception, both women and boys 
may be fitted into certain parts of the 
work without subjecting them to un- 
usual hazard of accidents or great 
physical strain. Boys, as a rule, like 
work in the woods and when trained 
in certain jobs can do almost as much 
work as an adult. 

With the acute shortages develop- 
ing in timber, mine props, pulpwood 
and the like, there may be jwssibil- 
ities of using groups from high 
schools during vacation periods. Par- 
ents' consent must, of course, be ob- 
tained and compensation insurance 
should be carried on them. By using 
them in jobs like sawing wood to 
length, peeling bark, or other jobs 
the hazard is not high. By exercising 
patience in teaching them the work 
and then paying them for what the 
job is worth, much timber may be 
started on its way to war. 



"Talk happiness: the world is sad 

enough 
Without your woes. No path is 

wholly rough: 
Look for the places that are smooth 

and clear. 
And speak of these to rest the weary 

ear 
Of earth, so hurt by one continuous 

strain 
Of human discontent and grief and 



pain 



ft 



Page 10 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



November, 1943 



f . 






,1 

I 



Mn. Ethel H. Rich- 
ards. Chairman, New 
Paris. 

Mrs. Georgia Kresge, 
Falls. 

Miss Agnes Brum* 
baugh. State Col- 
lege. 

Mrs. H. R. McDougal, 
Butler. 

Mrs. Furman Gyger, 
KimbertoQ. 



WOMAN^S WORK 

IN THE 

HOME AND GRANGE 

By Home Economics Committee 



THE GOSPEL ACCORDING 
TO YOU 

There's a sweet old story translated 
for man. 
But writ in the long, long ago — 
The Gospel according to Mark, Luke 
and John — 
Of Christ and His mission below. 

Men read and admire the Gospel of 
Christ, 
With its love so unfailing and true ; 
But what do they say, and what do 
they think. 
Of the Gospel according to you? 

'Tis a wonderful story, that Gospel of 
love, 
As it shines in the Christ life 
divine ; 
And, oh, that its truth might be told 
again 
In the story of your life and mine. 

Unselfishness mirrors in every scene; 

Love blossoms on every sod; 
And back from its vision the heart 
comes to tell 

The wonderful Goodness of God. 

You are writing each day a letter to 
man; 
Take care that the writing is true; 
'Tie the only Go8X)el that some men 
will read — 
That Gospel according to you. 

— Anonymous. 



CHRISTMAS PROGRAM 

Tableau Luke 2 : 4-20 

and Charade. 

Vocal Solo "The Holy City" 

Story— "The Donkey's Christmas 

Gift" by a Juvenile 

Story and Group Singing of 

"Silent Night" 

Prayer for Service Men. 

Prayer Hynm. 

Monologue 

. . . ."A Cynic Looks at Christmas" 
Letters to Santa Claus. 
Distribution of Gifts using a "Pin- 

ata" 
Suggestions for effectiveness — All 
lights out excepting huge lighted star 
over manger. Tableau of "Manger 
Scene" on right of platform. Shep- 
herds on hillside on left of platform. 
As a good reader reads Luke 2 : 4-20 
the Shepherds act out the Scripture. 
When finished the Shepherds sit on 
the floor at left and Mary and Joseph 
sit comfortably by Baby Jesus, (a doll 
or form, which has been placed in a 
small improvised manger) for the first 
half of the program. At the close of 
the Prayer Hymn, lights may be 
turned on the auditorium and the cur- 
tains closed on platform. The first 
half of program being sacred, no ap- 
plause should be requested. The lat- 
ter half of program is of a humorous 
nature. The letters to Santa may be 
written by some clever Brother or Sis- 
ter of different members of the Order. 
This number creates a lot of fun and 
laughter. A "Pinata" is pronounced 
as "pin yatta" and is the Mexican way 
of distributing gifts. The bag con- 
taining all the gifts is supposed to be 
hung up and two blindfolded people 
break the bag spilling the contents. 
Since some gifts are breakable, the 
gifts can be tied in a large red chintz 



bag tied with a green ribbon and 
placed in center of grange hall. The 
blindfolded one who unties the ribbon 
first distributes the gifts. The mem- 
bers are seated in a circle around the 
"Pinata" and the gifts distributed to 
them while the pianist plays Christ- 
mas music. Any short or recitation 
can be given by a younger member if 
you haven't a Juvenile Grange. 



SLOW BAKE SAVES 

FOOD FROM PESTS 

It is better to put dried foods in the 
oven at the first suspicion of insect 
attack than to put it in the garbage 
pail after insects have multiplied in 
it, say entomologists of the U. S. De- 
partment of Agriculture. Instead of 
endangering such valuable wartime 
foods as cereal, flour, dried beans or 
dried fruit, put these foods in the 
oven for a heat treatment that will 
not harm the food but will prevent 
waste from insects. Packaged food 
may be put in the oven in its original 
container, sealed or open. Beans, 
whole grains, dried peppers or nut 
meats may be spread out in a shallow 
pan for heating. Twenty minutes in 
a slow oven at 150 degrees F. will save 
food from meal moths, brown beetles, 
bean weevils, dried fruit mites, and 
most other pantry pests. To prevent 
scorching the food, prop the oven door 
open a few inches. 

Dried food kept in tight containers 
like screw-top jars, tightly covered 
tins, or moisture-proof sealed paper 
cartons is safe from insects. If not 
in these safe containers food may 
need a slow heat treatment once a 
month to save it from pests. Open 
packages of cereal and dried fruit 
should be used up before opening 
more. 

A few neglected crumbs in a crack 
or bits of fruit or flour may keep pests 
alive in the kitchen or pantry. Keep 
cracks and corners clean. Each month 
scrub all shelves where food is stored 
using a stiff brush and soap and 
water. 

A new folder called "Why Feed 
the Insects" (AWI-64) gives simple 
directions with pictures for protect- 
ing dried foods in the home. The 
folder is free from the U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Washington, 
25, D. C. 



CLEAN UP PRESSURE 

COOKER BEFORE STORING 

Lydia Tarrant 

Before putting away the pressure 
cooker for another season, see that it 
is clean and in tip-top shape. 

Sometimes a cooker may give food 
a metallic taste, or odors from strong 
flavored foods may cling to the cooker 
for a long time after cooking. The 
best remedy for this off -odor is to put 
three or four inches of water in the 
cooker, put in the racks or pans, and 
add a big handful of potato peels. 
Adjust the cover, bring the pressure 
to 15 pounds, keep at this point for 
15 minutes, then remove the cooker 
from the stove. Let the pressure re- 
turn to zero, open the petcock, and re- 
move the cover. Wash the kettle and 
pans or racks in hot soapy water. 
Rinse and dry well. 



A cooker must be spotless, for salt 
or food left on it may pit the alum- 
inum or injure the glaze on enamel 
or cause tinned steel to rust. 

If the cooker is stained, rub it with 
whiting moistened with water. Take 
off the petcock and safety valve and 
soak in vinegar. If the safety valve 
is the ball-and-socket type, clean it 
with silver polish. Scrub the rubber 
gasket well to remove grease. 

The end of the canning season is a 
good time to have the pressure gauge 
tested. Don't wait until it's time to 
do next year's canning. The gauge 
can be removed and returned to the 
factory or it may be tested with a 
maximum thermometer. 

When the cooker and all its parts 
are thoroughly clean and dry, store 
them in a safe place. Crumple news- 
papers and put inside the kettle to 
absorb moisture and odors. Wrap the 
cover in paper to keep dust out of the 
gauge and valve and to protect the 
edges of the cover. Invert the cover 
on the kettle — never store it with the 
cover right side up. Be sure to put 
the pressure cooker where it won't be 
bumped or banged, and remember to 
put the directions for using the cook- 
er inside it. 



RE- WEAVE PATCH MAKES 

NEAT MENDING JOB 

Mabel C. McDowell 

Do you have a wool garment in 
which moths have been feasting and 
left holes? There's no reason to say, 
"That's the end," for these holes may 
be mended. 

If a darn would show too much, 
try a tiny patch called a re-weave 
patch. This patch is put on the right 
side and is most suitable for coarsely 
woven material. 

To mark the place and size for the 
patch, draw out a single thread on 
each side of the hole to form a square 
or rectangle. To do this, use four 
pins to mark on the material the space 
which will take in the hole and any 
surrounding weak threads. If several 
moth holes are close together, use one 
patch for the group. Clip just one 
thread of the material on each side of 
the square and pull out. This leaves 
the outline for the finished patch. 

Next cut a piece of material one 
inch larger all around than the space 
outlined with the drawn threads. In 
cutting the material, match length- 
wise and crosswise yarns of the patch 
with those in the garment. Unravel 
the yarns from each side of the patch 
until it is exactly the size of the 
drawn out square or rectangle. Lay 
on the patch on the right side of the 
garment and pin in place. From the 
wrong side pull the raveled yarns 
through the cloth with a crochet hook. 
Do this all around and pull these 
threads until the patch lies smoothly. 

With matching thread, take small 
hemming stitches on the wrong side 
of the garment along the line where 
the threads have been pulled through. 
Press carefully, using a damp press- 
ing cloth. Stop pressing before the 
fabric becomes completely dry. 



POTATOES HOLD FIRST 

PLACE IN DAILY MEALS 

Eleanor B. Winters 

Call them spuds, murphies, or ta- 
ters, yet they're always Irish potatoes. 
This popular food is served more 
often than any other vegetable and 
rightly so for it rates high in food 
value. 

Many homemakers recognize the 
potato's high value in vitamins, min- 
erals, starch, and protein, and make 
it a point to serve this vegetable at 
least once a day. Some folks have 



the mistaken idea that our friend the 
potato is fattening. A little more 
than 75 per cent of the potato is 
water. Weight for weight, macaroni 
and chocolate cake are four times 
more fattening than the potato. 

To save the vitamin and mineral 
content of potatoes, extension nutri- 
tionists of the Pennsylvania State 
College suggest cooking or baking 
them in their jackets. If they must 
be pared, pare thin, and not until 
they're ready to be cooked. Cook in 
as large pieces as possible, use only a 
small quantity of water, and use this 
liquid in soup or gravy so that none 
of the good of the potato is wasted. 

Interest in potatoes may lag if they 
are served in the same way every day. 
A baked potato has both appetite and 
eye appeal. To give a plain baked 
potato another flavor, remove it from 
the skin, mash, season, add milk, pile 
it into the skin, and return to the 
oven to brown. Cheese or leftover 
ground meat or vegetable may be add- 
ed if desired. 

Potatoes are an excellent meat 
stretcher. Potato surprises are a spe- 
cialty. To make them, grind leftover 
cooked meat, season, and shape into 
small balls. Season leftover mashed 
potatoes, shape into cakes, putting a 
meat ball in the center of each. Roll 
in flour and brown in hot fat or bacon 
drippings. 

Potato burgers may please the fam- 
ily. To one and a half cups of shred- 
ded or grated raw potatoes add one 
pound of hamburg. Season with 
onion, salt, and pepper; shape into 
cakes or balls; brown in hot fat; 
then cover and cook until potatoes and 
meat are tender. 

Cheese sauce poured over cubed 
cold potatoes, covered with crumbs, 
and put into the oven until heated 
through and browned on top not only 
makes a delicious supper dish but also 
is high in food value and is a good 
point stretcher. 



GINGER SNAPS 

% cup shortening 
1 cup sugar 

1 egg 

4 tablespoons molasses 

2 cups flour 

2 teaspoons soda 

1 teaspoon each ginger, cinnamon, 
cloves 
Roll into small balls and dip in 
sugar. Bake in moderate oven 10 
minutes. 



DATE NUT BARS 

1 cup flour sifted 

1 teaspoon baking powder 

1 pound dates chopped 

iy2 cup nuts 

5 egg yolks well beaten 

1 cup sugar 

5 egg whites stiffly beaten 
Add dates and nuts to flour. Mix 
yolks and sugar and add to floured 
mixture. Fold in egg whites. 



Virtue may be assailed, but never 

hurt; 
Surprised by unjust force, but BOt 

enthralled. — Milton. 



Dare to be true. Nothing can need a 

lie; 
A fault which needs it most, grows 

two thereby. — Herbert. 

So should we live that every hour 
May die as dies the natural flower, 
A self-reviving thing of power.— 
Milnes. 



November, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 11 



A thing of beauty is a joy forever; 
Its loveliness increased; it will never 
Pass to nothingness. — Keats. 



HOBBIES FOR FAMILY FUN 

May D. Kemp 

Extension Home Management Spe- 
cialist, The Pennsylvania 
State College 

Farm families need not have any 
dull evenings this winter if each per- 
son is encouraged to develop a hobby 
as well as to join in the family and 
community activities and fun. 

The younger children can have cut- 
out books, pencils, crayons and draw- 
ing paper, blunt scissors, and colored 
papers. These things not only keep 
them busy but teach them shapes and 
colors and muscle control. Even the 
older children will enjoy using water 
colors and drawing books and creating 
pictures and objects of their own 
liking. 

The game-loving fellow will like 
nothing better than making games 
that everyone can use. For the fam- 
ily bookworm, whether he is six, six- 
teen or sixty, there is the local or the 
State traveling library from which he 
may obtain interesting books. 

The older boys and men will have a 
wider interest in the woodpile once 
they see all the possibilities hidden in 
its slabs and chunks. Many a useful- 
article can be shaped and polished 
from them. Small oak or pine blocks 
make fine candlesticks for the Christ- 
mas candles. Thin boards sawed 
from flat slabs will make trays, game 
boards, hot dish pads, and plaques on 
which to set arrangements of flowers. 
A. thick slice from a round chunk 
makes the top of a kitchen stool or a 
milk stool; long hickory scraps will 
shape into canes for city uncles. 

Long winter evenings are also the 
time for the wood-working hobbyist 
to make the loom that mother and the 
girls have been wanting, for refinish- 
ing "antique" stands and dressers. 
It's also a good time to rebuild the old 
morris chair and the head couch into 
more modern pieces — or with mother's 
help, dull kitchen furniture can be 
changed into gay pieces with popular 
peasant or Early Dutch designs. 

Mother and the girls can have the 
tun of weaving rugs on the new loom, 
and as they become skilled, they may 
want to weave woolen cloth for tail- 
ored dresses and suits which the fam- 
ily "stylist" can design and make, 
bomeone is sure to enjoy knitting, 
and for ones who enjoy detailed work, 
there is quilting and rug making and 
decorative stitching. 

Just a word of advice about your 
pobby. Ride the kind that results 
m something plain and needed, for 
tnaking an article simple, useful, and 
J^ell, are the first steps in making a 
beautiful thing. In addition, use your 
'magmation to make it different. In 
tins way the hobbyist gains confidence, 
serenity, and ability. 

WINDOW SILL SEASONINGS 

Whether the family calls for second 
jeipingg or leaves dinner plates half 
pnished often depends on the way food 
'9 seasoned. Seasoning will be espe- 
cially important this winter when 
ome of the more flavorful foods and 
mces will be scarce or absent from 
grocery shelves. 

f^our or five hardy herbs growing 

ou^ . ^^ *^® sunny south window 

an provide a variety of fresh season- 

n?8 all winter long, suggests the U. S. 

J^epartment of Agriculture. Parsley, 

JJ^^' . ^^^^^^ sweet marjoram and 

n^armint will all thrive as house 

P ants if they have good soil, plenty 

»«li ' r^^^^^ar watering, and a cool, 

J^eJl-ventilated atmosphere. Have the 

rn^ *i ^^^^* ^ inches deep to give 

°S for roots, and of a length and 

|;^ath to fit the window. An inch 

6f of broken stones and a couple 



of holes in the bottom of the box will 
provide drainage. Fill the box with 
a mixture of one part sand, two to 
three parts good garden loam, an or- 
ganic fertilizer and a little bone meal. 
Mix the soil thoroughly and press 
through a coarse screen. Give plants 
all sunlight possible and turn the box 
from time to time so both sides have 
equal light. 

Basil, marjoram and parsley can be 
grown from seeds planted in the win- 
dow box, but ready-grown plants set 
in the box will give a supply of sea- 
sonings earlier. Soak seeds overnight 
in water before planting to hasten 
their germination. Chives grow rap- 
idly from bulbs. The green shoots 
with delicate onion flavor may be kept 
clipped for seasoning winter soups, 
salads, sandwiches, meat or cheese. 
Basil leaves have a clove flavor so are 
good in any dish usually flavored with 
clove. The fresh chopped leaves of 
sweet marjoram give a delicious, dif- 
ferent flavor to soup and stuffing, 
meat, eggs, fish, poultry or cooked veg- 
etables. Mint plants or roots brought 
in from the garden are soon ready to 
flavor desserts and beverages, or meat 
stuffings and sauce. 



NOT OURS TO KNOW 

Not ours to know the reason 
Why unanswered is our prayer. 

But ours to wait for God's own time. 
To lift the cross we bear. 

Not ours to know the reason 
Why from loved ones we must part. 

But ours to live in faith and hope. 
Though bleeding be the heart. 

Not ours to know the reason 

Why this anguish, strife and pain, 

But ours to know a crown of thorns — 
Thy grace for us to gain. 

A cross, a bleeding heart, a crown. 
What greater gifts are given! 

Be still my heart and murmur not: 
These are the keys to heaven. 

'Tis ours to know, and learn it well — 

It is the Master's way, 
They serve Him best who ask not 
why. 

Who live but to obey. 

'Tis ours to know the better part 

Whereby a crown is won. 
Then loving God, I ask not why. 

Thy will, not mine, be done. 

Yet, Thy ways. Lord, not mine, I 
, pray, 

I give to Thee my will. 
And humbly seek Thy grace and aid, 

This better part to fill. 

It was not always thus with me — 

I loved my way the best ; 
But that is past; Thy way is mine; 

In it alone is rest. 

— Author Unknown. 



URGE FIGHTING FOOD 

WASTE IN EVERY HOME 

Lydia Tarrant 

Every homemaker can help to pre- 
vent waste of food by planning menus 
and market orders carefully. The 
amount of food wasted in American 
homes in a year would go a long way 
toward feeding our armed forces. 

To help homemakers in fighting 
food waste in their homes, the follow- 
ing suggestions are offered: 

1. Make a list of foods needed to 
prevent haphazard buying. It will be 
necessary, of course, to adjust this list 
according to the foods available in the 
market. 

2. Handle fresh fruits and vege- 
tables carefully in the store to pre- 
vent waste. It is estimated that one 
out of every seven tomatoes must be | 



discarded because of bruising by cus- 
tomers. 

3. Wash, clean, and drain green 
vegetables as soon as gathered from 
the garden or brought from market, 
then keep them in a covered dish or 
bag in the refrigerator. 

4. Milk must be kept in the coldest 
part of the refrigerator. Never leave 
milk or cream stand in a warm kitch- 
en while you are cooking. Take out 
only what you need and leave the rest 
where it is cold. Never pour milk or 
cream left over from the table into 
the bottle or container. 

5. If eggs are soiled, wipe them off 
with a dry cloth. Do not wash them 
until just before using. 



6. Keep fresh uncooked meat in 
one of the coldest parts of the refrig- 
erator. Put a loose cover around the 
meat. Also keep cooked meat cold 
and covered. 

7. One out of every six pounds of 
garbage is bread. Use leftover bread 
in puddings, stuffings, scalloped and 
meat-extending dishes. 

8. Much food is wasted by making 
servings too large. Small servings 
are advisable for children and light 
eaters, giving second helpings as de- 
sired. "Take all you want but eat all 
you take," is a good motto for every- 
one. Saving food amounts to the 
same things as producing food. 



Our Fashion and Pattern Department 

AU patterva ISc. aack In stamps or cola (cala prsfsrrsd). 




3546 — A sweet little basque frock with gay 
ric rac trimmings and touches of 
white contrast. Sizes 4 to 12. Size 
8, 2 yds. 35-ln. fabric with % yd. 
contrasting and aVi yds. rlc rac. 

3556 — A young miss likes a dainty frock 
and this little washable Is easily 
kept crisp and clean. Sizes 2 to 8 
Size 4, 1% yds. 35-in. fabric with 
1 yd. ruffling. 

3586 — A perfect before-or-after-flve dress 
with the nice simple lines that 
prove very flattering to the figure. 
Sizes 16 to 50. Size 36, 2% yds. 
39-in. fabric. 

3544 — A very smart Jumper that's designed 
to serve well and long. Sizes 10 to 
40. Size 16, 1% yds. 54-ln. fabric. 
Jumper; 1% yds. 39-ln. fabric for 
the blouse. 



3809 — A nicely cut little Jumper that will 
give her that grown up feeling. 
Size 4 to 10. Size 8, % yd. 64-in. 
fabric. Jumper; 1 yd. 35-in. fabric 
with 1% yds. braid, blouse. 

3502 — A good black dress is a must in any 
wardrobe and this one has a very 
unusual neckline. Sizes 14 to 50. 
Size 36, 2% yds. 39-ln. fabric. 

3577— This pretty little frock will really fill 
the bill for the youngest. Sizes 6 
mos., 1, 2 and 3 yrs. Size 2 yrs., 
1% yds. 35-in. fabric with 2% yds 
plaiting, dress; % yd. 35-ln. fab- 
ric for separate panties. 

3560 — Housedresses are particularly impor- 
tant these days when housewirea 
are busier than ever and this style 
Is really very smart. Slses 16 to 
52. Size 36. 3% yds. 35-in. fabric 
with 2V^ yds. binding. 



Address, giving Dumber and size: 

PATTERN DEPARTMENT, GRANGE NEWS 

427 Telegraph Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 



hi 



i 



m 



m 



Page 12 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



OUR JUVENILE GRANGES 

MRS. LUCY SHUMWAY. Wyalusing 



"The wind from the North 
Is strong and proud, 
And he pounds on my door 
In a fashion loud — " 



The old Saxons called this month 
"Windmonoth," because the winds al- 
ways blew furiously at this season of 
the year. This was the month when 
the fishermen drew their boats up 
onto the shore to leave them until the 
calmer weather of the spring. The 
Saxons also called this "Blot-mon- 
ath," or Bloodmonth, because it was 
the time when they slaughtered their 
animals for winter food. 

But like other months of the year 
we know this month not by its old 
Saxon name, but by the name that 
was given to it by the Romans. And 
like some of the other months its 
name has the wrong meaning. No- 
vember, like September, October, and 
December took its name from one of 
the Roman numerals. On the old 
Roman calendar it was the ninth 
month and so was called "November" 
when the calendar was changed by 
Pope Gregory the name of this month 
was not changed, though it now be- 
came the eleventh month of the year. 

An effort was made to change it to 
Tiberius in honor of Tiberius Caesar, 
whose birthday occurred in this 
month, but Tiberius, who was more 
modest than most of the Caesars, de- 
clined the honor. He said, "If you 
keep up this custom of naming months 
for the Caesars what are you going 
to do if you have thirteen Caesars?" 

So we still keep our rather mixed 
up names of months. Perhaps you 
will live to see the day when we de- 
cide to name all the months over 
and give them names that are really 
fitting. Wouldn't you like to help? 
And what would you call November? 

DAYS WE CELEBRATE 

IN NOVEMBER 

November 10— TJ. S. Marine Corps 
Day. 

November 11 — Armistice Day. 

November 19 — Dedication of the 
National Cemetery at Gettysburg. 

Thanksgiving Day. 

November 30— Birthday of Mark 
Twain. 

Election Day also comes in Novem- 
ber and more of our Presidents were 
bom in November than in any other 
month: Taylor, Pierce, Polk, Gar- 
field and Harding. 

So you see there are plenty of days 
to celebrate during this month. It is 
, easy to find material in the way of 
readings, songs, etc., to fit Thanks- 
giving and Armistice Day. As pro- 
jects for the month we could decide 
to learn something about the history 
of the U. S. Marine Corps, and to 
memorize all the verses of the Marine 
hymn. "We could hold a mock elec- 
tion, with possibly a member of the 
township election board coming in to 
tell us how the board is set up and 
how rights of the minority groups 
are safe guarded in our election laws. 
It should leave you a little prouder 
of being an American. 



There is another day in November 
which we must not forget. That is 
the day on which we elect our Juve- 
nile Grange officers for next year. If 
you have not done this when this issue 
of Grange News reaches you, please 
plan to do it at your next meeting. 
And when your officers are duly 
elected — and I hope you will select 



them with great care and thoughtful- 
ness — do not forget to report the 
names and addresses of your Master 
Secretary and Matron to the State 
Secretary. 

This is the time for you to check 
up on all reports for the year. Have 
you attended to everything that you 
should? If you are working in any 
of the state contests be sure that 
they are finished up and reported in 
time for all records to be in before 
the state meeting. 

Be sure and tell us what you have 
done as JINNS. 



SPRING HILL JUVENILES 

I am sending along some pictures of 
our own Juvenile taken at our Grange 
picnic where Juveniles and Subordi- 
nates to the number of ninety joined 
in a day of fun at a little creek about 



THE MARINE HYMN 

From the halls of Montezuma 

To the shores of Tripoli, 
We fight our country's battles 

On the land as on the sea. 
First to fight for right and freedom 

And to keep our honor clean, 
We are proud to claim the title 

Of United States Marine. 

Our flag's unfurled to every breeze 

From dawn to setting sun. 
We've fought in every clime and place 

Where we could take a gun, 
In the snow of far off Northern lands 

And in sunny tropic scenes 
You'll find us always on the job — 

The United States Marines. 

Here's health to you and to our corps 

Which we are proud to serve. 
In many a strife we've fought for life 

And never lost our nerve. 
If the Army and the Navy 

Ever look on heaven's scenes 
They will find the streets are guarded 

By United States Marines. 




four miles from home, where there is 
good swimming. In order to save gas 
and tires we went on two hay wagons 
drawn by one tractor — with a second 
tractor to help us up the hill on the 
way home. This little picture isn't 
very clear, and no kodak could pic- 
ture the fun we had. We demon- 
strated to our own satisfaction that 
doing things the war-time way can be 
fun. 

I think this little group of Spring 
Hill Juveniles presents a very good 
picture of how the boys and girls of 
Pennsylvania are helping in the war 
effort. Everyone of them has helped 
on the farms of the community this 
Bummer. And I mean HELPED. One 
boy of fourteen hired out at a man's 
wage on a large dairy farm, another 
worked by the day all during the 
haying and harvest season. Two 
eleven year old boys took the place of 
a good man each on their father's 
farms, one of the girls kept the 
grounds around our church and com- 
munity hall mowed in fine shape all 
summer. A fourteen year old girl 
has done most of the canning for a 
large family, besides giving other help 
in the house, helping care for several 
thousand chickens, milking and help- 
ing in the fields. One of the many 
things she does is to test the milk 
from her father's herd. Using the 
equipment in the Vocational Ag. 
building. All the money they earn 
goes into war bonds and stamps. They 
have now bought enough to pay for a 
Jeep, and are still going strong. Best 
of all they seem to enjoy the things 
they are doing. 

We would like to have more stories 
about the work you Juveniles are do- 
ing to help in the war effort. 



How beautiful is youth! how bright 
it gleams. 
With its illusions, aspirations, 

dreams, 
Book of beginnings, story without 

end, 
Kach maid a heroine, each man a 

friend I 



Look not mournfully into the Past. 

It comes not back again. Wisely 

improve the Present. It is thine. 
(to forth to meet the shadowy Future, 

without fear, and with a manly 

heart. — Longfellow. 



(Jreat souls by instinct to each other 

turn, 
Demand alliance, and in friendship 

burn. — Addison. 



November, I943 




(Compiled by l^enna. Dept. of Commerce) 

The first cook stove in America waa 
made at Hereford Furnace, in Here- 
ford Township, Berks County. The 
furnace was operated by ThomaB 
Mabury from 1734 to 1768. 

Historians say Amity, Washington 
County, sent more men according to 
population to the Civil War than any 
other section of the country. 



Boiling Springs, Cumberland Coun- 
ty, got its name from the never- 
freezing springs which have their 
source there. 



Kinzua Bridge, near Bradford, is 
considered one of the finest of engi- 
neering works in the east. The bridge 
is 300 feet high and 2,100 feet long. 

Brownsville, founded in 1785, is 
next to Pittsburgh, the oldest town 
west of the Alleghenies. 



November, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Page 13 



Bryn Mawr, famous college for 
women in Montgomery county, was 
founded by Quakers. 



John Brown plotted his raid on 
Harper's Ferry while staying in 
Chambersburg, Pa. 



Cherry Tree, Indiana County, got 
its name from a cherry tree that 
marked the head of navigation on the 
west branch of the Susquehanna 
River. The spot figured in the treaty 
which William Penn made with the 
Indians in 1768. 



Forty Fort, Luzerne county, is on 
ground protected by a fort built there 
in 1771 by the first forty families 
settling the community. Here settlers 
and militia mobilized for the Battle 
of Wyoming. 



Ilazleton is the highest incorporat- 
ed city in the state. The elevation is 
1,802 feet. 



"Doctor," called the small boy, 
''come up to our house quick." 

"Who is sick at your house?" asked 
the doctor. 

"Everybody but me. I'd been 
naughty, so they wouldn't give nie 
any of the nice mushrooms pa picked 
in the woods." 



Railroads are moving daily to the 
Eastern Seaboard approximately 42 
million gallons of petroleum and 
petroleum products. 




Happy Group at the Old Swimming Hole 



GRANGE. HOBBY SHOW 
GIVEN AT HOOKSTOWN, 

BEAVER COUNTY 

Approximately 250 attended the 
Grange Hobby Show, September 23, 
which proved to be one of the best 
entertainments in our village for some 
time. The community folk contrib- 
uted freely with the Grange and all 
are to be commended for the well 
planned and executed fine exhibits 
and good program. The doors were 
opened at 7:30 and the basement, 
where the exhibits were displayed, 
soon was filled, and the little Bryson 
Searight, aged 3 years, when asked 
what he thought of it said, "Well, it's 
a pretty good show.'* 

The V-for-Victory Department was 
in charge of Mrs. Mary Shannon. 
Here were the pictures of 65 of our 
boy3 and girls who have gone into the 
service of our country from Greene 
Township and Hookstown. It is to 
be regretted we could not get all of 
the 81 that have gone. Back of this 
for a background, was "Old Glory," 
and the exhibit drew much attention. 

Rev. Vandersall was in charge of 
the collection, and old coins, script 
money, stamps, bullets, etc., were to 
be seen that have been collected for 
many years. 

Arts were headed by Mrs. E. G. 
Frazier and Miss Brielle Lyons. Here 
were many fine views and dishes, 
beautifully painted and pleasing to 
eye, also silverware, etc. 

The Fancy Work and Quilts were 
in charge of Mrs. J. C. Byers, and the 
spreads, coverings, etc., showed many 
patient hours of skillful work. They 
had quilts 150 years old or more and 
made a fine array for the booth. One 
quilt, made about 1909, had many 
names neatly worked on it, and was 
sold at that time and netted the soci- 
ety a neat sum, each name being a 
gift of a sum of money. This is 
owned by John Stewart of Washing- 
ton, D. C, likely the farthest away 
of any owner of exhibits. 

John N. Mercer had charge of An- 
tiques and had some valuable articles, 
rarely to be seen. The old spinning 
wheel, chair, carpenter and lumber 
tools, an old wooden box used to mix 
bread in. A Bible of 1739 we believe 
was the oldest exhibit there. There 
was a gun on exhibition which was 
carried in the Rebellion. Miss Brielle 
Lyons had a newspaper — the Ulster 
County (N. Y.) Gazette, December, 
1799, announcing the death of Gen- 
eral George Washington. A copy of 
the Hookstown Herald, edited by 
Harry Moore in 1901, with an account 
of a ball game played between Ship- 
P\ngport and Hookstown. An East 
hiverpool Tribune of August, 1905, 
with the picture of the Hookstown 
i^ air directors, the race track and part 
of the grounds and several columns 
about the fair. The directors were 
^lark Thompson, Allen McDonald, 
James R. Stewart, W. S. Stevenson, 
^amuel Calhoon, Charles Mackall, 
James McDonald, J. P. Swearingen 
and Ihomas C. Glenn. Only two are 
[jving, James R. Stewart and J. P. 
f^wearmgen. The remains of the oth- 
ers all rest in Mill Creek Hill Cem- 
K n '1 A picture of the Hookstown 
oali club of 1893, 50 years ago, was 
snown On this team were Dr. Wil- 
ii^m McPheeters, Thomas Conkle, 
^ilhain Brooks, Charley Floyd, Har- 
7 Unkle, Charles Poe, Frank Stew- 
art. Andy" McKenzie and John 
Umpbell. The first four are dead, 
J^a like the Fair directors who have 
departed, all rest in Mill Creek Hill 
onTf^r^- ^^"y Cockle is the only 
is nu" ^^® *^^"- '^o^^ Campbell 
V\. \ ^'i^ster. Frank Stewart and 
^narles Poe are in Ohio and Andy 
^cKenzie is in the Pittsburgh dis- 



trict. A picture of Sgt. Ernest Nel- 
son at the age of 2 years, now at Camp 
Butner, is the only one that could be 
found of him and was placed among 
those of Grange members in the serv- 
ice. 

The Mill Creek 4-H Club, in charge 
of Dorothy Shane, had a fine display 
of their work, and an old screw side 
wooden bed with cord slats added to 
their corner. This is owned by Mrs. 
Lucy Gault. Kenneth Nelson had 
some 30 fine guns to be seen, and 
Frances Shannon had 30 to 40 toy 
horses she is collecting on her trips 
in the States. 

Miss Mary Thompson and Miss 
Ella Fox had charge of the decora- 
tions and flowers that harmonized 
with the displays. 

The Canned Goods and Farm Prod- 
ucts display was headed by Master 
John Thompson and Miss Luella Ste- 
venson. Peaches, apples, corn, pota- 
toes, beans, etc., too numerous to men- 
tion, were tempting to look at. 

This covers some of the many ar- 
ticles, too much to enumerate, that 
were shown and well placed by Floor 
Manager D. E. Mackall. 

At 8:30 the program of Grange 
Lecturer Florence Lutton was taken 
up, with the Invocation by Rev. Ver- 
non Vandersall. 

My Favorite Songs, led by Jesse 
Martin. (1) We're here for fun right 
from the start, so drop your dignity; 
Just laugh and sing with all your 
heart, and show your loyalty; May 
all your troubles be forget; Let this 
night be the best; Join in the songs 
we sing tonight; Be happy with the 
rest." (2) "Onward Christian Sol- 
diers (One of Lincoln's favorites). 
(3) "Home in the Grange." (4) "Blest 
Be the Tie that Binds. Piano duet, 
Mrs. J. C. Byers and Miss Brielle 
Lyons. Solo, Mrs. Dean Laughlin. 

My Favorite Poems, Miss Julia 
Reed. 

Male Quartet, Rev. Vandersall, 
Jesse Martin, James Buchanan and 
Robert Mercer. 

Talk, "Hobbies," was given by Rev. 
S. G. Neal, pastor of Mt. Olivet and 
Hebron Presbyterian churches. 

A play, "The Smith Family," was 
presented by Pauline Lutton, Betty 
Campbil and Pauline Glass. 

Music — Close. 

After the program, most of the peo- 
ple again returned to the basement 
and viewed the exhibits and it was 
near the midnight hour when the last 
took leave for home. It is to be hoped 
that a similar affair to this may be 
made an annual event, where we can 
mingle together in profitable enjoy- 
ment, building a better womanhood 
and manhood, and an example others 
may profit by. 



CARBON GRANGE HOLDS 

FALL MEETING 

Carbon County Pomona Grange 
No. 67 held its fall meeting as the 
guest of Towamensing Grange Satur- 
day afternoon and evening, Sept. 11. 

The program during the afternoon 
at which Mrs. William Diehl, associ- 
ate lecturer presided, was highlighted 
by three addresses. 

Rev. H. D. Clauss of Bath pre- 
sented possibilities open to the Grange 
for assuming the leadership in Com- 
munity improvement. 

Harry Sensinger, principal of Le- 
highton High School emphasized the 
need for cooperation in time of war. 

N. M. Rahn, Carbon County Agri- 
cultural agent, gave an illustrated 
lecture portraying local community 
advancement during recent decades. 

Entertainment during the after- 
noon was provided by local talent 
from the four member granges. Paul- 



ine Strohl and Betty George presented 
a duet; Mrs. Q. Smith, a German 
reading; S. E. Buck and Delbert 
Eckhart, a reading; Mrs. Helen Eck- 
hart a monologue; Mrs. Alex Billig 
a piano solo; Phyllis Fogel and Lee 
Snyder, a playlet entitled "The 
Driving Lessons"; Florence and 
Franklin Eckhart represented the 
Junior Grange in the program. Wil- 
liam Deppe discussed raising and 
harvesting crops. 

At the evening session the 5th de- 
gree was conferred upon a large class 
of candidates by the Pomona degree 
team under the leadership of degree 
master Fred Eckhart, past Pomona 
master. Effectively climaxed by a 
tableaux illuminated with colored 
lighting, the tableaux symbolized the 
significance of all five degrees. Mem- 
bers of the tableaux team were: Mrs. 
Herman Eckhart, Mrs. W. H. Snyder, 
Mrs. John Fogel, Mrs. Robert Eck- 
hart, Mrs. James Eckhart, Mrs. Har- 
vey Fogel, Mrs. Marvin Wertman, 
Mrs. O. H. Serfass, and Mrs. Thomas 
Costenbader. 

Members of the Pomona Grange in 
business session endorsed a resolution 
objecting to the proposed consolida- 
tion of Carbon County's three ration 
boards at Mauch Chunk. 

Ladies of the host grange served 
supper and refreshments in the hall, 
which was gorgeously decorated with 
flowers. 

Distinguished visitors at the ses- 
sions attended by more than 100 peo- 
ple, included Master of Lehigh and 
Northampton county Pomona, Aman- 
dus Borger; Master of Monroe-Pike 
county Pomona, Oscar Praetorious; 
Lecturer of Harmony Grange, Jennie 
Bartholomew; Master of Hamilton 
Grange, William Hessler and mem- 
bers. 



CAMBRIA COUNTY POMONA 
HEARS FINE ADDRESSES 

Cambria County Pomona Grange, 
No. 51, held its quarterly meeting on 
October 2 at the Buckhorn Grange 
Hall, near Wilmore, Pa. The session 
started at 1 : 30 p. m. with a business 
meeting, songs by the group and an 
address by Mr. Ira Gross, Superin- 
tendent of the Southmont Schools, 
Johnstown, Pa., on "The Farmer's 
Problem in His Efforts to Produce 
Food." The Home Economics Com- 
mittee had a very fine display of ar- 
ticles made by the different women 
using worn articles of clothing, feed 
sacks, etc. This display included lit- 
tle girl's dresses, skirts, pillow slips, 
sheets, bed spreads, aprons, sun bon- 
nets, blouses, rugs and a variety of 
very attractive articles to be used in 
the home. At the coming January 
meeting, the Home Economics Com- 
mittee has asked the women to bring 
in different flower seeds to be ex- 
changed. 

At the evening session members 
were initiated in the Fifth Degree 
after which we had an address by Dr. 
Beatty Dimit, Overseer of Pennsyl- 
vania State Grange, who used the 
theme "Economic Problems of the 
Farmer During the War Period." 
Both Mr. Gross and Mr. Dimit spoke 
of the need for keeping farm-trained 
help on the farm during this emer- 
gency period for food production and 
the need for the right kind of equip- 
ment, that is good farm equipment 
that could be operated with a limited 
amount of help. They also brought 
out the point that if this production 
was to be kept up, it would be neces- 
sary to make available the necessary 
farm machinery and repairs for this 
machinery, so that the farmer's work- 
ing equipment could be kept in the 
very best condition possible. 



Following this we had the report of 
the Resolutions Committee which 
handed in the following resolutions: 

No. 1 

Whereas, We the members of Cam- 
bria County Pomona Grange No. 61 
believe that a program of federal sub- 
sidy on agricultural products is detri- 
mental to national prosperity, and op- 
posed to the democratic principles of 
free enterprise, and 

Whereas, Since all such subsidies 
would ultimately lead to excessive in- 
flation, be it 

Resolved, That we go on record as 
opposed to the subsidy program as 
outlined by the National Food Ad- 
ministration or to any other such pro- 
gram of subsidies. And be it further 

Resolved, That a copy of this reso- 
lution be sent to our Congressman 
and to the Pennsylvania State Grange. 

No. 2 

Whereas, We all recognize the 
urgent need for full financial support 
of all war efforts, therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of 
Cambria County Pomona Grange No. 
51 in meeting assembled this second 
day of October, do heartily endorse 
the United War Fund Campaign, the 
War Bond Campaign and every other 
Democratic procedure for financing 
the war that will contribute to its suc- 
cessful prosecution and conclusion 
and bring about a just and lasting" 
peace. 

We further pledge our individual 
and collective assistance in war work 
financing and urge all farm people to 
cooperate in the fullest degree. 

No. 3 

Whereas, The production of food 
is vital to the welfare of our country 
at war as well as at peace, therefore, 
be it 

Resolved, That we urge upon the 
Federal and State Departments of 
Agriculture to prosecute with vigor 
the control of corn borer, Japanese 
beetle and other insect pests and fun- 
gus diseases that are detrimental to 
food production. 

Signed, 

Edward Jones, 
Philip Strittmatter, 
Violet Leiden, 
Maude Thomas. 



SCRAPBOOKS TO CHEER 
SOLDIERS AT VALLEY FORGE 

Members of Marshallton Grange, 
Chester County, at the request of the 
Home Economic Committee, brought 
a large collection of beautiful scrap- 
books to the Grange meeting recently. 

These books were made especially 
to be sent for the enjoyment of the 
convalescent service men at the Val- 
ley Forge Hospital. They greatly 
varied in content and in form. Some 
general directions for the making 
of the books had been given by the 
chairman of the committee, Mrs. 
Edith Webster, with the request that 
each book contain something beauti- 
ful to look at, and something inspir- 
ing to read. Other than this the 
members were to follow their own 
taste as to what should be included. 

The books were made by patrons of 
all ages. Two of the charter members 
of the Grange, Miss Lillie Ferree 
and George B. McCorraick presented 
books. Mr. McCormick's book, as he 
explained, was really a scrapbook, for 
It was a scrap itself and was chock 
full of scraps. The book of Miss 
Ferree was beautifully illustrated 
with picture postals of scenic and his- 
toric parts of the United States. 

A scrapbook was made by Mrs. 
George McAllister, which contained 
many inspiring poems for soldiers, 



TIGHT BINDING 



Page 14 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



November, I943 



which Mrs. McAllister could wisely 
choose, as she has two sons in the 
service. 

One was made by Mrs. Edith Gray 
and her daughter, Dorothy. Mrs. 
Sidney Montgomery, director of the 
Junior Service League, completed a 
book in artistic fashion and included 
with it five book-length newspaper 
published novels which will be appre- 
ciated. Mrs. Richard Hyatt, well 
known as a Girl Scout leader, though 
now a busy farmer's wife, at Russell- 
ville, sent a beautifully illustrated 
scrapbook. 

The young members of the Grange 
were also enthusiastic about the proj- 
ect. 

The pride of the collection were 
four large books presented by Miss 
Jean Jeffries, who had furnished the 
books, three of which were embossed 
with the proud American eagle and 
the fourth with the covered wagon, 
to her pupils at Cottage School who 
under her direction had filled them. 
As there was a great abundance of 
material brought in by the pupils, 
Miss Jefferis appointed a censor, one 
of the older boys, to select what a sol- 
dier would or would not like. All of 
these books contained a colored pic- 
ture of the American flag. 

Miss Elizabeth Jones, of the West 
Chester Red Cross, kindly consented 
to take the books to Valley Forge for 
distribution. 



ALL STATES GRANGE OF 

ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA 

This unusual and unique Grange 
activity that has become nationally 
known, was organized in December, 
1934. It has many varied experiences 
and holds numerous and helpful 
Grange events. It brings in touch, 
the fraternal fellowship, enjoyed by 
many Patrons, that assemble from 
year to year, in the famed City of 
Sunshine, that come from numerous 
states. It has no fees. It has no 
dues. And from its peculiar nature. 



it can hold no closed meetings. It is 
furnished ample and well equipped 
quarters, varying in size, as needs may 
require, for holding sessions and com- 
mittee meetings free of any cost, 
through the generosity of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce of the city. Also 
free use of the beautiful million dol- 
larg municipal pier for old time 
Grange picnics and social recreation. 
Said pier extends out into Tampa 
Bay around one half mile, and has 
ample street car service for public 
transportation. 

To become an "all-sharing-mem- 
ber," the qualifications are most easily 
complied with. Simply fill out a ques- 
tionnaire for the records, giving home 
address, where stopping in St. Peters- 
burg, what year joined the order, how 
many degrees received, offices held. 
It is desired to get all possible "Silver 
Stars" and "Golden Sheaf" Patrons, 
of which there are a considerable 
number. It is not necessary to be in 
good standing, as all who have ever 
been active members are made most 
welcome to participate. 

The 1943-44 season bids to be one 
of the best. "The Official Family" 
are experienced and efficient. The 
Master installed at the last meeting 
of 1942-43 is Brother Ed F. Lawrence 
from Crawford County, Pennsylvania. 
This county is famed in Pennsylvania 
as having 37 subordinates, with an 
aggregate of 4,147 members. Brother 
and Sister Lawrence are each "Gold- 
en Sheafs," and have a cozy bungalow 
home at 101 17th Ave. South in this 
city. The Lecturer is Sister Julia A. 
Gray, who is known by hundreds of 
Patrons in her native state of Massa- 
chusetts, and by other hundreds who 
have met, and appreciate her loyal 
devotion to the good work in all States 
Grange. The highly efficient Secre- 
tary comes from New Haven, Ver- 
mont, Sister Jessie D. Palmer, who 
by her graciousness, endears herself 
to all. Every Patron from any state, 
coming to St. Petersburg, is cordially 
invited to attend these meetings. 



held on second and fourth Thursday 
of each month at two o'clock in the 
afternoon, in the Tourist Centre 
Building, located on the corner of 4th 
Street and 3d Avenue South. 

MONROE-PIKE POMONA HAS 
INTERESTING SESSION 

With a good attendance and high 
enthusiasm, the members of Monroe- 
Pike Pomona met with Mt. Prospect 
Grange at Matamoras on Saturday, 
September 18. 

Pomona Master, Oscar Praetonus, 
presided over the meetings. The 
resignation of Mrs. Phyllis Orben, 
popular Lecturer of the Pomona, was 
accepted as she is serving her country 
as a member of the WACS. 

The Subordinate Grange reports re- 
vealed both an increase of members 
and a better attendance record. 

Addresses given during the after- 
noon and evening included the ad- 
dress of welcome by Sylvia Steele, 
Mt. Prospect Grange, the response 
by Edward E. Jones, Raymondskill 
Valley; Ralph Decker, Sussex, New 
Jersey, and State Deputy, W. H. 
Snyder, of Palmerton. Brother Sny- 
der spoke on the activities and duties 
of the Grange. 

W. H. Davis, Extension Representa- 
tive of Pike County, presented a mo- 
tion picture stressing the importance 
of fire prevention. 

Pomona officers will be elected at 
the December 4th meeting, which will 
be held at Sciota. 



HAMILTON GRANGE HOLDS 

FARM PRODUCTS SHOW 

Hamilton Grange, No. 1560, at a 
delightful open session, at Kellers- 
ville Grange Hall, staged a garden, 
farm, and orchard products show, 
which won great acclaim from the 
host of farm and other visitors. 

The affair was held September 16, 
last and the public interest went so 
far that even outsiders of the Grange 
also brought exhibits. 



COMING EVENTS 

November 14 — York County 
Pomona meets with Valley 
Grange, Lewisburg. 

November 18 — Chester and 
Delaware Pomona meets at 
New Century Club House, 
West Chester. 

December 2 — Lyconaing County 
Pomona meets with Captain 
John Brady Grange at Penns- 
dale. 

December 3 — Menallen Grange 
No. 1091, Fayette County, 
will hold its 50th anniversary 
meeting at their hall. 

December 4 — Monroe-Pike Po- 
mona meets at Sciota. 

December 11 — Carbon County 
Pomona meets at Big Creek. 

December 14— PENNSYLVA- 
NIA STATE GRANGE 
meets at Williamsport. 



November, 1943 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



Pace 15 



The entire display represented 
fruits of the area. Produce was sold 
at creditable prices at the close of 
the interesting show. 

The proceeds will be devoted to a 
defense cause and the dues of the 
Grange boys in the service will bp 
kept paid. 



**When I was a little child," the 
sergeant sweetly addressed his men at 
the end of an exhaustive hour of 
drill, "I had a set of wooden soldiers. 
There was a poor little boy in the 
neighborhood and after I had been to 
Sunday School one day and listened 
to a stirring talk on the beauties of 
charity, I was soft enough to give 
them to him. Then I wanted them 
back and cried, but my mother said: 

" 'Don't cry, Bertie ; some day 
you'll get your wooden soldiers back.' 

"And, believe me, you lop-sided, 
mutton-headed, goofus-brained set of 
certified rolling pins, that day hw 
come 1" 




Photat by Pewna. Department of CovMn"^ 
Autumn', bright, dear wether adds a charm to the Pennsylvania landscape Here is a scene from Peter's Mountain looking southward in the direction of 

Harrisburg, widi Susquehanna River in the background suuuiwara in uie uireciion ui 



GIRLS' DRESSES EASILY 

FITTED TO MEET NEEDS 

Mabel C. McDowell 

Fitting the dress to the girl is one 
of the homemaker's musts when last 
year's dresses are brought out of stor- 
age. 

Lengthening or enlarging frocks of 
the growing girl can be done so that 
the dresses lose none of their attrac- 
tiveness. In fact, they may be better 
looking than before changes were 
made. The current popularity of 
combinations of materials in contrast- 
ing yokes or skirt sections makes re- 
modeling pleasant and easy. 

Print added to plain or vice versa, 
providing both are carefully matched 
in color, adds interest to the dress. 
For a "best" wool or crepe dress, the 
added material may be velveteen. 

One way to lengthen a dress is to 
jet a band of contrasting material 
into the skirt above the hem, or add 
it at the bottom of the dress. To re- 
peat this material in the waist, make 
a yoke, which will add length to the 
short-waisted dress. Sleeves may be 
made of the contrasting fabric, but if 
they don't need changing, add cuffs. 
An easy way to make cuffs is to put a 
fold of the material on the lower edge 
of the sleeve, finish alike on both right 
and wrong sides. Turn up half or 
less of the fold to form a cuff. The 
fold may be turned down when longer 
sleeves are needed. 

For dresses which have become too 
tight, there are a number of first aids. 
If only the blouse needs enlarging, 
cut it down the front and add a wash- 
able dickey. The collar may be re- 



moved and the dress finished with a 
cardigan neckline. A new waist front 
may be cut from contrasting material 
and the old front used for a bolero 
which is fastened to the dress at the 
shoulder and under arm seams. 

If the entire dress needs to be made 
larger, add a full length panel of con- 
trasting fabric. The panel may be 
fastened to the dress with a wide tuck 
on each side or it may be buttoned on. 



The Road to Postwar Currency 

Stabilization 

From The Guaranty Survey 



IT WORKED! 



When a lady who was burning up 
the road on the boulevard was over- 
taken by a traffic officer and motioned 
to stop, she asked indignantly: 

"What do you want with me?" 

"You were running fifty miles an 
hour," answered the officer. 

"Fifty miles an hour? Why officer, 
I haven't been out an hour," said the 
lady. 

"Go ahead," said the officer. 
"That's a new one on me." 



HELPFUL HINTS 

Place a glass over the salt shaker 
when not in use and you won't have 
trouble sifting salt. 



Statement of the ownership, management, cir- 
culation, etc., required by the Act of Con- 
greas of August 24, 1912, and March 3, 
1933, of Pennsylvania Grange News, 
published monthly, at Harrisburg, Penn- 
sylvania. 

State op Pennsylvania, County of Dau- 
phin. 

Before me, Lucinda E. Rigling, In and for 
the state and county aforesaid, personally 
appeared Joab K. Mahood, who having been 
duly sworn according to law, deposes and 
says that he is the Business Manager of the 
Pennsylvania Grange News, and that the 
'o'jowing is. to the best of his knowledge 
and belief, a true statement of the ownership 
management (and If a daily paper, the cir- 
culation) etc.. of the aforesaid publication 
tor the date shown in the above caption, re- 
quired by the Act of August 24, 1912, em- 
bodied in section 411. Postal Laws and Reg- 
to w|*t°*' P""'"^®** **° ^^^ reverse of this form, 

ni.hi.P*' I**.® °ames and addresses of the 
publisher, editor, managing editor, and busi- 
oess managers are : 

42«"t'1'"*®'"' Pennsylvania State Grange, 
4^8 Telegraph Building. Harrisburg, Pa. 

bufg^'pa ^^^^'^^ S. Bagshaw, Hollldaye- 

T«h.~°®w^T,^*°*S^''' ^^*^ K. Mahood, 428 
Telegraph Building. Harrisburg, Pa. 

OiivJi'*«^'*®.°^°®'' '^ Pennsylvania State 
"'^''Of. Harrisburg, Pa. 

^- M. Davidson, Grove City, Pa 

ALBERT Madigan. Towanda. Pa. 

"«o. M. Griffin, Smock, Pa. 

CoImiHoP*™®^ representing the Executive 
committee, or governing body this year. 

gees "^^^A ^Hf ''°°''° bondholders, mortga- 
Kint n« °^'*^'' security holders owning or 

(If Thf... mortgages, or other securities are : 
ur there are none, so state). Not any. 

givinJ^hi «?® ^^°, paragraphs next above, 
*nd si^urltJTnM °' ^?f *'''"^"' stockholders 
the list ;J ^„t5°ll^?J *' *"y- contain not only 
M they innio2*'^°''*®" ^1^ security holdera 
Pany bufPPff^ "P°" the books of the com- 
Wep nr ^°' . *° .*=*se8 where the stock- 

oSerfMnnf® company as trustee or in any 
Sn or JorinrLr'*V°°' ^^ "^"^^ °' the per- 

«raDh8 oJllf^ \ "^'^^ t^»t the said two para- 
full kno-?^5'" statements embracing affiant's 

ienid^^" n H.M ^"""' «.« ^° thf circum! 
holders «nH ^o°<^'t»ons under which stock- 
»PPear UDon f«^";'ty holders who do not 
tnwtees hnM ^?e,book8 of the company as 
"^y otIJJr ??l^„ Vw ^J"^ securities In a capac- 
thl« afflint JL n«^ °' * ^°°* "^« owner: and 
other np^J?** °° reason to believe that any 

*»y inters?* .^"°';'^^*°°' S'' corporation has 

«tock. Cds or nfh°'" *°'*"'f?^ '" ^^^ s'^'^J 

•tated bv hfm °^^®'" securities than as bo 

"7 mm. Joab K. Mahood, 

Business Manager. 

^•"lArt^dJv nt^a Subscribed Before Ms 
ora aay of Se;)tember 1943. 

i""AL] 

^y conjnji8.i„„ ^, . ^tJciNDA E. Riguno. 
•amission expires May 6, 1944 



If a tablespoon of flour is mixed 
with the sugar put in custards, the 
latter will not curdle so readily. 




WEIGHT 

Inasmuch as It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to remove from our midst Sister 
Cathryne Weight, a member of Marlon 
Grange No, 223, a faithful worker and reg- 
ular attender, and one whom we all miss 
therefore, be It ' 

Resolved, That we extend our deepest sym- 
pathy to her relatives, drape our charter, 
record these resolutions in our minutes and 
publish In the Pennsylvania Grange News 
and a copy sent to the family. ' 

Myrtle Dixon. 
Mrs. E STELLA Dixon, 
Bias. Anna Clark, 

Committee. 
HOAGLAND 

In memory of Seth Hoagland. member of 
Mt. Pleasant Grange No. 1687, 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to call from our Grange to Join the 
Great Grange beyond our beloved brother 
Seth Hoagland. therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we bow In humble submis- 
sion to our Great Master beyond, and that we 
drape our charter for thirty days, record 
these resolutions in the minutes, send a copy 
to the family and a copy be published In 
Grange News. 

James Osborne, 
Charles Ramsey, 
Ethel Alexander, 

Committee. 
PICKERING 
Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly Fa- 
ther to remove from our midst our loving 
^'^^^'■•,l!f?,°^^ ^ ^ Pickering, past Lectur- 
er of Mlddletown Grange, No. 684, of Bucks 
County and a loyal, faithful member, who 
will be greatly missed. 

Resolved, That we extend our sincere sym- 
pathy to the family, drape our charter, re- 
cord these resolutions In our minutes, send 
a copy to the family and publish them In 
Grange News. 

May E. Newbold, 
May F. Webster, 
Harry C. Terry, 

Committee. 
SPEER 

In memory of Wlllam Robert Speer, mem- 
ber of Union Grange, No. 1993 

Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly 
Father to call from our Grange to the Great 
Grange beyond our brother, William Robert 
Speer, therefore, be it 

Re.solved, We drape our charter for thirty 
days, record these resolutions in our Grange 
minutes, send a copy to the family, and a 
copy be published in the Grange News. 
Mrs. Allen R. Eshelman, 
Ora F, McDaniels, 

Committee. 
HUGHES 
Whereas, Our Heavenly Father has called 
from our midst. Vertis L. Hughes, a member 
of Derry Township Grange, No. 1973, Derry. 
Pennsylvania, a brother whom we shall 
greatly miss for his faithful attendance and 
cooperation, be It 

Resolved, That we thus express our sense 
or loss and extend our sympathy to the fam- 
ily, drape our charter for thirty days, record 
these resolutions in our minutes, and publish 
them In the Grange News. 

Charles J. Hammer, 
Gladys Trump, 
Bertha Losier, 

Committee. 



THE Guaranty Trust Company of 
New York announces the salient 
points of its own basic program 
for international exchange stabiliza- 
tion and world trade recovery in the 
current issue of The Ouaraniy Sur- 
vey, its monthly review of business 
and financial conditions in the United 
States and abroad, published today. 
This proposal is offered in lieu of the 
tentative plans for the same purpose 
made public by the British, Canadian, 
and United States governments, the 
adoption of any one of which or any 
combination of the same would be 
undesirable, the Guaranty Trust 
Company states. 

Gold Base Essential 

"It is our belief that no method of 
stabilization yet devised or suggested 
is so sound or so easily operated as 
the international gold standard — with 
free coinage of gold, free markets and 
private ownership of gold, and cur- 
rencies freely convertible into gold, 
both for domestic use and for ship- 
ment abroad," The Survey continues. 

"If the abnormal conditions that 
exist at the close of the war make an 
immediate return to the free gold 
standard by some nations impossible. 
It may be necessary for such nations 
to resort temporarily to the gold ex- 
change standard, whereby countries 
with inadequate gold reserves Hie* 
their currencies to those based on gold 
by using their bank balances in gold- 
standard countries as reserves in lieu 
of actual gold holdings. Restoration 
of the free gold standard, however, 
should be the universal objective. 

"The success of this or any other 
program must depend finally on the 



adoption and general pursuance of 
sound and political policies — balanced 
budgets, reasonable tariffs and trade 
regulations, avoidance of central bank 
and Treasury operations that inter- 
fere with the price reactions essential 
to the operation of the gold standard 
and, in general, governmental policies 
that promote business confidence in- 
stead of destroying it. Every indi- 
vidual knows that his promises to pay 
will not be accepted by his neighbors 
unless he keeps his financial affairs 
in order. Similarly, no country can 
expect to have its currency acceptable 
at a stable value in world markets un- 
less its fiscal affairs are under con- 
trol, its price level is reasonably 
stable and its internal economy is 
functioning smoothly and produc- 
tively. Internal stability is a pre- 
requisite to international stability. 

"If sound governmental policies 
directed toward this end are followed, 
the gold standard can work success- 
fully in the future, as it did in the 
past. If such policies are not fol- 
lowed, international trade and finance 
will break down under any conceivable 
system. 

Two Post-War Problems 

"After the war the world will be 
faced with two distinct and separate 
problems. One will be that of read- 
justment to a peacetime basis. Stores 
of many consumable commodities will 
have been nearly exhausted, and in 
many instances the means of pro- 
duction and transportation will have 
been destroyed or badly impaired. In 
large part, these must be replaced and 
rebuilt on credit; but the task can- 
not be done on short-term credit, and 



Pennsylvania State Grange 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 

PBICE LIST OF SUPPLIES 

Grange Seals 

Digest $5.00 

^^^ ?^l!u ^egree Manuals; per' set of' 9* .' .' .' .* .' .' .' .' .* .* .* .* ^'^^ 

New Fifth Degree Manuals, single copy .... ^'92 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, per set of 13 .'.:;::;:: /JJ 

New Fourth Degree Manuals, single copy „ 

New Juvenile Manuals, per set of 13 Al 

Constitution and By-Laws ****' 

Degree Work, First 4 degree's" by Dr'. *Rkiik'ii* :'.::::;; !? 

Fifth Degree Floor Work, by Dr. Rankin . S 

Grange Hall Dedication Ceremony ?2 

'""" tif^;«n \'"r "';:. '""^ r°:r; ^^'^^^^'^^ " 

per dozen ......'.*.*..*.*.*.* ^® 

per half dozen .\ *'^^ 

Dues Account Book ^'^^ 

Secretary 's Record Book ^^ 

Labor Savings Minute Book * ^ 

Treasurer 's Account Book ^'^^ 

Blank Reports, Subordinate Grange* 'to ' Pomiik,' 'per 'hundred ".'. SS 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 25 ^° 

The Grange Initiate, in lots of 100 «-^^ 

Roll Book !..!'.! ^-^^ 

Application Blanks, per hundred ^^ 

Pomona Application Blanks, per hundred in 

Juvenile Application Blanks, per fifty °" 

Notice of Arrearage, per hundred ....*.' ' ^^ 

Secretary 's Receipts, per hundred '.*.'. 

Order on Treasurer, per hundred 

Treasurer 's Receipts 

Trade Cards, each ....*..'.'...*..".'.*.. 

Demit Cards, each !!'.!!! 

Dedication Rural Homes (Mortimer 'whitehea'dS ?i 

Grange Radiator Emblems ^* 

Ohio State Grange Cook Books, each* !!!!!.!...!!!!!]!] 

In ordermg any of the above auppliee, the cash must always accomuanT the 
r. The Secretarv is not AnihnrWaA ♦« «•.«- _x_ ^ •cvumpwiy tne 



.25 
.40 
.40 
.30 
.30 
.01 
.01 
.16 
.50 
.76 



order 



Secretary is not authorized to open accounts. 



Remittances should be made bv Postal Mohav n*/i^.. m. l ^ 

By order of Exeentive Committee, 

Joab K. Mahood, Seoretmry. 



^ i? 



M 



11 



AqRIGULTURAL LIBRARY 
STATL' COLLEGE PA 



Page 16 



PENNSYLVANIA GRANGE NEWS 



November, I943 



it should not place an undue strain 
on the international exchanges. It 
should be dealt with through suf- 
ficiently long-term credit to make 
final liquidation possible without un- 
necessary interference with the 
normal foreign trade structure. The 
United States can well afford to con- 
tribute with other nations toward the 
rehabilitation of the world by pro- 
viding long-term credit, partly be- 
cause it is good business to promote 
such rehabilitation, partly because 
humanitarian considerations require 
it and partly because the distribution 
of certain surpluses that will exist at 
the end of the war will aid in the solu- 
tion of the unemployment problems 
that may arise. 

"As far as the second problem — 
that of normal foreign trade and the 
stabilization of international ^ ex- 
changes — is concerned, the stability 
of only a few currencies, which are 
in fact international as well as na- 
tional, is of primary importance. 
Those countries with international 
currencies should return to the gold 
standard — or, where gold reserves are 
insufficient, to the gold exchange 
standard. Foreign claims on United 
States gold stocks, if used for the pur- 
pose of obtaining metal, would be 
sufficient in many instances to permit 
the reestablishment of an adequate 
gold base. Other countries, which 
may not have sufficient claims on the 
United States, are large gold produc- 
ers. For still others, les fortunately 
situated, a quick return to the gold 
standard may be impracticable; but, 
if sound policies aimed at this objec- 
tive are followed, gold can be accumu- 
lated in course of time. 

"The need for sound national eco- 
nomic conditions and practices ap- 
plies not only to debtors but to 
creditors as well. This necessity will, 
in fact, be perhaps more urgent with 
reference to the United States than 
any other country, since the position 
of the dollar will be a determining 
factor in the success or failure of any 
international post-war stabilization 
plan. Our failure to adapt our trade 
policies to our creditor position was 
an important contributing cause of 
the world-wide breakdown in 1929 and 
the years following. The devaluation 
of the dollar aggravated the maldistri- 
bution of gold and became an obstacle 
to international trade recovery. The 
unbalanced condition of our national 
budget, which has persisted without a 
break for thirteen years, will certainly 
continue for the duration of the war; 
and there is as yet no assurance that 
it will be corrected within a reason- 
able period after the restoration of 
peace. Other governmental policies 
have intereferd with normal economic 
reactions, impaired confidence and 
hampered business revival. Weak- 
nesses like these must be removed 
before the world can hope for the re- 
establishment of sound conditions in 
international trade. 

"The mistakes made in extending 
long-term credit after World War I 
must not be repeated. Although these 
mistakes and their unfortunate re- 
sults are exaggerated in the popular 
mind, it is true that many loans were 
made for social purposes which, while 
temporarily beneficial to the borrow- 
ers, in no way increased their ability 
to service their external debts. Sound 
long-term loans are those that help 
expand the productive capacities of 
the borrowing countries, thus, stimu- 
lating exports, diminishing imports 
and increasing the amount of foreign 
exchange available for the service of 
the loans. It is to be hoped that our 
experience in the past, together with 
helpful cooperation from the State 



Department and other Government 
agencies and the recognition on the 
part of the borrowers themselves that 
only this type of loan is desirable, 
will prevent another era of misguided 
long-term credit. 

Bases of Sound Keconstruction 

"International trade must be 
carried on through the medium of 
credit, but credit can be extended 
only where creditors are assured of 
ultimate repayment. This repayment 
must be made not merely in such 
commodities as the debtor wishes to 
dispose of but in goods that can find 
foreign markets in free competition 
with other goods, either in the creditor 
country or elsewhere — or, in the final 
reckoning, by the shipment of hard 
money, the commodity that can be 
exchanged for other commodities the 
world over. 

"The world-wide breakdown of the 
credit structure that began with the 
failure of the Austrian Creditanstalt, 
in 1931, followed by the German 
moratorium and the departure of 
Great Britain from the gold standard, 
dealt international trade a blow from 
which it never fully recovered. 
Among the reasons for the failure of 
commerce to revive was the unwilling- 
ness to extend private credit, due to 
the knowledge on the part of potential 
lenders that, if the transactions of the 
debtor countries left balances to be 
paid, these would be settled not in 
gold or in the currencies of the 
creditor countries but in 'blocked' 
balances of debtor currencies that 
could not be disposel of or made 
available for the use of creditors. 

"We do not expect the millennium. 
The credit system may break down in 
the future as it has in the past, but 
if the morality of the debtor is high 
and a real effort is made to reestab- 
lish his credit, these breakdowns will 
result in only temporary interrup- 
tions. Much will depend on political 
courage and the willingness to make 
such sacrifices as must be made by 
any private debtor who wishes to re- 
main honest and respected and to re- 
store his credit. Neither the gold 
standard nor any other international 
financial system can offer a substitute 
for this basic requirement. 

"The metallic standard is more 
easily managed and less complicated, 
and requires fewer restrictions, than 
any other; and it is the only stand- 
ard upon which private and govern- 
mental credit can permanently exist, 
with the possible exception of credit 
granted on very short terms. The 
basic money underlying the world's 
monetary and credit system must be 
a commodity with an intrinsic value, 
and time has shown that gold is pre- 
eminently the commodity best suited 
to serve as money in the modern 
world. 

"As for credit, the world cannot be 
rebuilt on short-term credit alone. It 
cannot safely be rebuilt on govern- 
ment credit, which is too likely to be 
political and uneconomic. Credit 
must rest on the eventual ability of 
the debtor to liquidate the debt in 
money, as demonstrated to the satis- 
faction of the lender; and there is 
no reasonable measure of the safety- 
point to which credit can be extended 
but the money base. 

"The straightest, quickest and 
safest path to exchange stabilization 
and trade recovery is for those coun- 
tries, at least, whose currencies are of 
an international character and upon 
which the world depends for the fi- 
nancing of foreign trade to reestab- 
lish their currencies on the gold 
standard as promptly as possible. 



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The Simple Fundamentals 

"A large part of the confusion that 
exists with regard to the problem of 
exchange stabilization and trade re- 
covery is probably due to the fact that 
the simple fundamentals have been 
lost sigh