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Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. By Hon, 

Hampton L, Carton 1 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. By Charles 

Henry Hart. (Illustraied,) 22, 147 

Letters of General John Forbes, 1758 86 

Reincke*s Journal of a Visit among the Swedes of West Jersey, 

1745. By John W, Jordan 99 

Selections from the Military Correspondence of Colonel Henry 

Bouquet, 1757-1764. By Helm Jordan. . . . 102, 216 

Notes and Queries 118, 249, 361, 496 

Book Notices 124, 256, 888. 510 

Adam Hubley, Jr., Lt. Colo. Commandant 11th Penna. Begt., 
His Journal, Commencing at Wyoming, July SOth, 1779. By 
John W. Jordan. {Illustrated.) .... 129, 279, 409 
Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania, 1784-1766. By John W. 

Jordan 228 

Orderly Book of Gen. John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, March 

26-December 20, 1777. {Qmtmued.) . . 257,454 

Letters of William Penn 303, 423 

Selections from the Letter-books of Thomas Wharton, of Phila- 
delphia, 1773-1788. {OonHnued.) .... 319, 432 
William Parsons, Surveyor General, and Founder of Eaaton, 

Pennsylvania. By John W. Jordan. .... 340 

Letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn 847 

Correspondence of General Edward Hand, of the Continental 

Line, 1779-1781 858 



iv Contents of Volume XXXIII. 


The Gettyiburg Addrew. When Written, How Received, its 

True Form. By Ma^'or WUliam H. Lambert. (lUuitnUed.) 885 
Record of Servants and Apprentices Bound and Assigned before 
Hon. John Gibson, Mayor of Philadelphia, December 5tb, 

1772-May21, 1778. (Gmtinued.) 476 

Pennsylvania Gleanings in England. By Loihrap WUhwgtan . 492 
Officeie of The Historical Society of Pennsylvania. . .618 
Index 617 





Vol. XXXIII. 1909. No. 1. 


A Paper read before the Historical Society of PennsylvaDia 
on November 9, 1908. 


[The purpose of this paper is to give a general view of the settlements 
on the Delaware Elver and Bay before the arrival of Penn ; considered 
under Dutch rule, first period, extending from 1609 to 1638 ; Swediah 
rule, extending from 1688 to 1655 ; and Dutch rule, second period, ex- 
tending from 1655 to 1664.] 


The earliest European settlers on the shores of the Dela- 
ware were the Datch, whose actual occupancy lasted over 
fifteen years. Then came the Swedes, who for seventeen 
years maintained their sway, until the territory was recon- 
quered by the Dutch, who held it for nine years more, when, 
vanquished in another part of the world by English arms, 
they relinquished forever their pretensions to American 
soil, and the government passed to the Duke of York, who 
yielded his supremacy to Penn in 1682. Hence a history 
VOL. xxxni. — 1 (1) 

2 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware, 

of the iustitutional establisbmenti* of Pennsylvania would 
be incomplete without an introductory account of what had 
been accomplished under Dutch, Swedish, and English rule 
prior to the actual settlement of the province by William 
Penn under the charter of Charles 11. 

The English title, which finally prevailed, has often been 
the subject of specific judicial determination. It sprang 
from original discovery, "We derive our rights in 
America," said Edmund Burke, " from the discovery of 
Sebastian Cabot, who first made the North American con- 
tinent in 1497. The fact is sufficiently certain to establish 
our right to our settlements in America." *' To this dis- 
covery," says Chief Justice Marshall, ** the English trace 
their title.^ The same view is presented by Chief Justice 
Taney: "The English possession in America was not 
claimed by right of conquest, but by right of discovery," * 
Liaction followed for almost eighty years, and then the 
scientific interest of Sir Humphrey Gilbert in a Northwest 
passage, the romantic heroism of Sir Walter Raleigh, and 
the daring spirit of Capt John Smith led to further explor- 
ations and to some feeble attempts at settlement, but the 
English claims came into cotifliet with those of no other 
nation, until Hudson, an Englishman in the employ of the 
East India Company, in search of a passage to China, act- 
ing on some vague suggestions of the redoubted Smith, 
tacked about for a few hours in the mouth of Delaware 
Bay, on the 28th of August, 1609, and then, baffled by 
shoals and sand bars, put out to sea, and five days later en- 
tered the North River, ascending it for over one hundred 
miles, and thus laid the foundation of a claim which was 

* JohnK>n V. Macintosh, 8 Wbeaton^ 676, 

* Martin v. Waddell, 16 Petere, 367. The nature of the right of dis- 
covery, and the title, if any, of the aborigines, were discussed in Wor- 

*9ter V. State of Georgia, 6 Peters, 574 ; Wadsworth v, Baffalo 

V<iraulic AsBOciation, 15 Baxbonr (N. Y.), 89; Town of Southampton 

ox Bay Oyster Co,, 116 N. Y., 7. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlemefits on the Delaware, 

fiustained by siibBequent poeBeseion at New Amsterdam, 
now the City of New York.* 

In 1610, the English navigator, Lord De la War, touched 
at Delaware Bay on his passage to Virginia, and the credit 
of its discovery was attributed to him in a letter written by 
Capt. Argall in 1612, without doubt in ignorance of Hud- 
son's act©.^ 

Hudson had reported his discoveries on his return to Hol- 
land, and the States General had, in 1614, granted a general 
charter, securing the privilege of trade during four voyages 
to all those accepting its provisions. Merchants of Amster- 
dam and Hoorn accordingly fitted out five vessels^ which 
proceeded, under the command of Captains Mey, Block, 
Cortiansen and Hendrickson, to the mouth of the Man- 
hattan River. Here Block's vessel was destroyed by tire, 
and its place was supplied by the Oarusi^ or Restless — the 
first ship ever built by Europeans on American soil — and 
Mey sailed with his little fleet to the Delaware, giving his 
first name ** Cornelius ** to a cape (now Henlopen) at the 
mouth of the Bay, and hia last name to the opposite cape, 
which, witli a slight change in spelling, preserves the mem- 
ory of his exploits Mey made no further exploration^ but 

*An Hiatorical Inquiry Concerning Henry Hudson and the Discovery 
of Delaware Bay, by John Meredith Read, Jr. ; an admirahle argument 
based on a careful study of original material. Albany, 1866. 

The Dutch claim has been discussed with much historical le&rning by 
bar and bench, and held to be untenable. Canal v. The People, 5 
Wendell, 445 ; Canal'a Appeal v. The People, 17 Wendell, 609. Town 
of Southampton v. Meoox Bay Oyster Co. , ut mpra ; Mortimer v. New 
York Elevated R. K. Co,, 6 N. Y* Supplement, 898 j and a learned paper 
entitled, The Dutch in New York, by William H. Amour, pablishe<l 
in 1890. 

* New York Historical Collections, N. 8., vol, i, p. 820. There can 
be no doubt aa to Hudson's claim to actual prior discovery. See Hud- 
son's Journal; Juet's Journal; DeLaet's New World; N. Y. HisL 
Coll., N.S., vol. i, pp. 86-90; Purehas* Pilgrims, vol. Hi, pp, 510- 
667 ; Haxard's Annals of Pennsylvania, pp. 2-8 ; but for the legal 
deductions, see the New York cases referred to in Notes ut mpra. 

4 Dutch and SwedisI^ SettlemerUs on the Delaware* 

returned with four vessels, and it was left to Capt. Hend- 
rickson, a genuine DutchmaOj in the Onmst^ to ascend the 
Delaware almost to the present site of Philadelphia. On 
this expedition he met three white men who had traversed 
the wilderness from Fort Orange on the upper Hudion, by 
way of the valley of the Delaware* On his return to 
Holland, Hendrickson made a claim for special privileges, 
which were never granted. 

In the meantime, however, two exiled Englishmen, the 
renowned Elders Robinson and Brewster, in behalf of their 
Puritan associates at Leyden, applied to the States General 
for protection in the execution of their wish to emigrate to 
the country on the Hudson, Had this been granted, it is 
curious to note that the Pilgrim Fathers would have been 
New Yorkers, or, possibly, might have established them* 
selves on the Delaware.* 

In December, 1621, the Dutch West India Company was 
incorporated, and in 1623^ — three years after the landing of 
the Pilgrims at Plymouth^ — the first settlement on the shores 
of the Delaware was made by Cornelius Mey — described by 
an Indian Sachem as a "skipper with a film on tlie eye** — 
who built Fort Nassau, near Gloucester, on the Eastern 
bank, but soon afterwards abandoned it. Seven years later, 
purchases were made of the natives on both sides of the 
river as far up as Bombay Hook in behalf of Herr Samuel 
Goodyn, a member of the Amsterdam Association.^ An 
expedition was sent out firom the Texel, on December 12, 

'Brofldhead^s Address to N. Y, Hist. Soc.; Hazard's Annals of 
Pennsylvaoia, p. 8; Bancroft's HiHtory of the United Slates, author's 
laat revision, voL i.p p. 204. 

' Hazard^s Annals of Pennsylvaaia, pp. 5, 6, 9| 11, 15, 22 ; Sergeant's 
Land Law of Pennsylrania. Ch. 1 ; Fisher's The Making of Pennsylva- 
nia, Ch. 1; Ijewis's Origina! Land Titles in Philadelphia, Sec. 2; 
Proud'a History of Pennaylvaniaj voL I, p. 109 eitcg.j Gordon's History 
of Pennsylvania, pp. 1-30; the Pea Patch Island Caao, 1 Wallace, Jr,*8 
B«p, p. Ix. App; Ferris' 8 Original Settlements on the Delaware; Intro* 
duction to Armor's Lives of the Governors of Pennsylvania* 

Dutch and Swedidv Settlements on the Delaware, 

1630, under the command of the celebrated DeVries, '*a 
bold and skillful seaman" and a " master of artillery in the 
service of the United Provinces." Just when he arrived in 
the Delaware is not known, but he built Fort Oplandt, a 
house surrounded with red cedar pallisadoes, but without 
parapet, serving at once as fortress, trading post, and place 
of rendezvous, near the present town of Lewes, in the State 
of Delaware, and his little settlement assumed the picturesque 
name of Zwaanendael, or "Valley of the Swans/* The 
arms of Holland, painted on a piece of tin, a glittering 
object to savage eye«, were erected on a pillar, and the com- 
mander departed, happy in the thought that he had erected 
a permanent lodgment. On his return, two years later, he 
found his colony exterminated by the Indians. The 
whitened bones of men and animals, in the midst of charred 
ruins, greeted his saddened gaze. A chief had wanted an 
ornament for a pipe, and, in ignorance of the aflft-ont, had 
seized on the emblem of Holland, On complaint by the 
settlers, the oflender had been slain by his own people, but 
his friends had avenged him by a general massacre.* 

Ascending the river, through a cheerless solitude, DeVries 
visited Fort Nassau, but found that the Dutch families had 
left it, and that it was in the possession of a few savages, 
who wanted to barter furs,^ Here he was informed by a 
friendly squaw of the murder of an English crew which had 
appeared in a sloop's boat, probably from Virginia, and, in 
confirmation of the story, he saw Indians dressed in English 
jackets. DeVries returned to Holland by way of Virginia, 
where he had occasion to deny the ownership of Delaware 
Bay by the English, and to relate the story of the murder 
of tlie English crew.* 

The next year Wouter Van Twiller, the famous Knicker- 
bocker Director General of the New Netherlands, restored 

^ DeVriee in N. Y. Hist Soc. Coll.. N. S., vol. i, p. 262. 
* DeVries in N. Y. Hist Soc. Coll., N. S., vol. i, p. 252. 
*Hflzard^B Annak of Pennsylvania. pp> 32-^8. 

6 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware, 

Fort Kassau to a condition of defence, and waa charged on 
this account witlx extravagance in the expenditure of public 

In 1633j the Dutch made another attempt at a settlement, 
and a purchase was made by Arondt Corssen on the banks 
of the Schuylkill, where, in the same year, Fort Be vers rede 
was erected, soon to be abandoned. On which Mr* Arm- 
strong remarks: *'the readiness which the natives mani- 
fested to part with their territory was equalled only by tlieir 
willingness to sell it again to any w^io might choose to 
purchase it.** 

In 1635, a party of English adventurers from Connecticut, 
under the command of George Holmes, made an unsuc- 
cessful attempt upon the fort, w^ere taken prisoners, and 
were sent to Manhattan, where they were pardoned, and 
allowed to settle in the \ncinity of Fort Amsterdam — they 
being the first English to acquire a habitation in the New 

Fort Nassau remained with more or less of a garrison 
until the Dutch themselves destroyed it in 1650, as "being 
too high up and too much out of the way."^ 

Such were the principal events during the first period of 
Dutch rule. The attempts to plant colonies proved to be 
failures, for while Fort Nassau seems to have been irreg- 
ularly maintained, it waa rather as a fortified trading place, 
than as the nucleus of a colony. The ill-fated effort of 
DeVries under the Goodyn purchase had been made under 
the auspices of an assembly of eleven Delegates, to whom 
was entrusted, by virtue of the charter, the supervision and 
government of the West Indian Company.^ Freedom and 
exemption were oftered to all such as should establish any 

* Introductioa to Record of Upland Court, by Edward Afnutrong, 
Memoire of Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vol, vii., p. 16. 

• Armor's Lives of the Governors of Pennsylvanitt, p. 28, 
•Hazard'B Annals of Pennsy Ivan ift| p. 15* 
«(yCtt]laghan*s Hist of New Netherlandsi, i, »0. 

Didch and Swedish Selttements on the Delaware. 7 

colonies. Those who were disposed to avail themselves of 
these privileges were, under certain restrictions, obliged to 
** plant a colony of fifty souls,'^ and might occupy a territory 
of four Dutch miles ' along a navigable river, and « as fer 
into the country as their situation might permit/' and 
ceived, among other feudal rights, the power of administer 
ing justice.' In fact, among the leading features of thi 
chartered privileges of the West India Company were the 
administration of Justice, the preservation of order, the 
maiuteuance of police^ and the appointment of judicial and 
executive officers. There was also an express provision 
that the Roman law, the imperial statutes of Charles Y, 
and the edicts, resolutions, and customs of the Fatherland 
were to be received as the paramount rule of action in New 
Netherlands, except in cases specially provided for by the 
will of the Company, expressed in their instructions^ or de- 
clared in their military or marine ordinances,* 

The execution of these ambitious grants of power was 
brought to naught by the melancholy extinction of Gilles 
Hossett and his companions, in the blackened and blood- 
stained Valley of the Swans. 


In 1638, the Swedes appeared. Their coming was with- 
out a shadow of right under the law of nations. It has 
been asserted that Charlea I had, by deed, relinquished to 
Sweden the English rights upon the Delaware,* but the 
deed has never been found, and no English statesman or 
historian has ever admitted its existence. The true expla- 
nation lies in the conduct of two dissatisfied servants of the 

* A Dutch mile was equal to four English miles. 

* Introduction to the Record of Upland Court, bj Edward Armstrong, 
Memoireofthe Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vol* vii., p, 12. 

» O'Callaghan, i, 90. 

* A 8hort Description of the ProTince of New Sweden, by Thomas 
Campanius Holm, Memoirs of Hist.. Soc. of Pm., vol. iii, p. BB, 


8 Dutch and Swedish Seltlemenis on the Delaware. 

In 1626, William Usselinex, a merchant of Antwerp, a 
tnily remarkable man, and the original projector of the 
Dutvch West India Company/ growing sour and snllen, 
threw up his employment, and for the price of one florin 
per thousand of merchandise to be exported or imported, 
persuaded Gustavus Adolphus of the advantages of organiz- 
ing a Swedish West India Company. The ambition of the 
conqueror of Tilly, who w^as the first of the Swedish mon- 
archs to play a great role in European history^ was aroused 
by the thought of trading with lands in Africa, America, 
Magellanica or Terra Auetralis, and of extending the com- 
merce of his realm, while his zeal as a Protestant was fired 
by the thought of spreading the truths of the Christian 
religion* In fsiet,the plan of colonization was spoken of by 
him as " the jewel of liis kingdom," A charter was granted 
with most elaborate provisions, and vague and extraordinary 
powers. The company was to constitute a Council, W'hieli, 
with its otficers, should attend to the administration ot 
justice, preserve good laws, continue war, appoint soldiers, 
governors, directors, and judges, build castles and cities, 
accommodate differences between citizens of the co entry 
and the natives, as well as between directors or chambers, 
and, finally, preserve everything in good condition*' 

In the same year, the Dutch West India Company, as a 
protective measure, determined to establish its authority in 
New Netherlands by a formal government with greatly 
enlarged powers. They appointed a Director, assisted by a 
Council of Five, and a Schout, who combined the duties of 
Sheriff and Prosecuting Attorney ; there were also inferior 
magistrates called Schepens. Peter Minuit was chosen 

' An interesting account of this extraordinary organizer is given in G. 
M. Afiher's Bibliographical and Historical Essay on the Dutch Booki 
and Pamphlets Relating to New Netherlands, N. Y., 1856. 

*The full text of the Swedish cliarter is given on pp* 10-20 of 
Hflzard^s Annals of Penna,, obtained from a rare source, the Argonau* 
tica Qustaviana, published by Usselincx in 166S, of which the only 
copy supposed to be in this country is in the library of Harvard College. 

Dutch and Swedish SeUlements on the Delaware, S^ 

Director and held the office until 1633, when he quarrelled 
bitterly with the powerful Patroons, and was superseded by 
Van Twiller, a near relative to the influential Van RensBel- 
aeiiB« Embittered by his removal, he tendered his eervicefl 
to Sweden, whose Chancellor, Oxenstiern, a man of pro- 
found combinations^ and quite the equal of Richelieu in 
Btatecraft, was anxious to carry out the cherished plan of the 
great Gustavus, who had fallen on the field of Liitzen. 
Accordingly, after some delays, owing to the unsettled state 
of the finances following the death of the king, Peter Minuit, 
with a commission in the name of the infant Queen Chris- 
tina, brought out an expedition in two vessels, ascended the 
Delaware, purchased the soil of the western shore from Cape 
Henlopen to a point north of the site of the future Philadel- 
phia, and erected a fort on a small stream in the neighbor- 
hood of the present city of Wilmington, which lie named 

Kieft, the successor of Van Twiller, as Director of New 
Amsterdam, protested vigorously against this invasion of 
Dutch territory. '^ This has been our property,'* said he, 
*' for many years, occupied with forts, and sealed with our 
blood," and then, with a fine personal thrust at Minuit, 
added, '* which was also done when thou wast in the service 
of New Netherlands and is, therefore^ well known to thee/' 
The protest was disregarded, Minuit, who had brought 
with him about fifty Swedes, displayed skill and enterprise, 
succeeding in avoiding encounters with tlie natives and the 
Dutch, building up an extensive trade in furs, and govern- 
ing his little colony with vigor, but he died within three 
years in the bosom of his settlement* 

His successor was Peter Hollander, a Swede, commissioned 
as Governor of New Sweden by the home government. He 

>H&2ard's Aniiala of Pennsylvania^ pp. 15, 18, 20, 42; Armor's 
Lives of the Governors of PennsylT&Dia, pp. 22, 19, 80; Fisher's Mak- 
ing of Pennsylvania, pp. 16-17 ; Seiigeant'e Land Law of PeDnsylvania^ 
p. 18; Ferris^s Original Settlements on (he Delaware, Ck. iii. 

10 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

had arrived in 1640 with a ship riehlj laden with cattle and 
provisions, at a moment so opportune as to save the colony 
from the humiliation of self-confessed faikire. About this 
time two bold attempts were made by Englishmen, acting 
without visible governmental authoritj^, to plant themselves 
upon the Delaware. One party, under the command of 
Robert Cogswell, from Connecticut, established itself at the 
mouth of Salem Creek on the eastern shore. Another 
party from Virginia sailed past Fort Christina and Fort 
Kassau, and started a settlement on the River Schuylkill. 
They were driven off and their works destroyed by an 
expedition fitted out from New Amsterdam, the Swedes at 
Christina acting as allies of the Dutch.* The Dutch had 
been told by their Director General that **it was their duty 
to drive these English from thence." 

In 1643 a new Swedish Governor arrived in the person 
of John Printz, whose commission was dated at Stockholm. 
The most minute instructions were given for his guidance. 
He was to maintain friendly relations with the Indians; to 
hold their trade; to sow grain for the support of his colon- 
ists ; to plant tobacco ; to breed cattle and sheep of high 
grade ; to raise silk worms ; to cultivate grapes ; to manu- 
facture salt ; to search for metals ; and to promote the 
whale fisheries. He brought with him a strong body of 
settlers, about one hundred in number. Perceiving with 
the eye of a military man the weakness of Fort Christina 
for commanding the navigation of the river, ha erected a 
new fort of great strength on Tenna Kong or Tinicum 
Island, and called it New Qottenburg, which became '* the 
metropolis of the Swedish American Empire/' as it was 
pleasantly denominated by the learned Mr. Duponceau. 
Here he built a ** Stately Palace'' of bricks brought from 
Stockholm, kno^ii as Printz Hall, and with a singular ad* 
mixture of executive, legislative and judicial powers dia- 

* Hazard's Annals, p. 61 ; Armor's Lives of the Goveniora, p, 
Acreljus's History of New Sweden. 


Dutch and Swedish SeUlements on the Delaware, 11 

charged all the fiiiictians of goveraraent. He was an irasci- 
ble, bluff, but enterprising soldier-governor, and planted 
another fort, called Elsingborg, manning eight braes 
pounders, near the mouth of Salem Creek, compelling all 
ships ascending the river to lower their colors and secure a 
permit before they could pass. He even brought DeVries, 
the Dutch '' master of artillery," to anchor by a caonon 

Numerous remonstrances and protests passed between the 
doughty Printz and the Dutch at Fort Nassau, and for a 
time a wordy war was waged, DeVriea described him as 
" Captain Printz, who weighs 400 pounds, and drinks three 
horns at every meal.*' Judge GriU>b adds, '* little is known 
of him in his judicial capacity, but it is probable that he 
brought more weight than law to the bench."' Mr. Fisher 
describes him as a man of education and ability.* Mr. 
Armor says that he was furious and passiouate, difficult of 
access, and sending home messengers, who brought him 
intelligence, «* bloody and bruised."* Mr. Ferris declares 
that he was bold, active, persevering, but passionate and rash.* 
AcreliuB admits that he acted haughtily.* Mr. Armstrong 
argues that he acted %vith energy and ability, and that the 
charge of undue violence was made by the rivals ot his 

The English charged him with putting one of their 
men in irons, plying him with strong drink and then preas^ 
ing him to admit that they had hired the Itidians to cut 

* Ha^anl^B Annals, p. 72. 

" The Colonial and State Judiciary of Delaware, by Hon, Ignatius C. 
Grubb; Papers of tbe Historical Soc. of Delaware, xvii. 

* The Making of Pennsylvania, p. 19. 

* Annor^B Lives of the Governors, p. 36. 

^ Ferris' 8 Origina] Settlements on the Delaware, p. 99. 

* Acreiiiis's History of New Sweden, p. 418. 

^ Introduction to the Record of Upland Court, by Edward Armstrong, 
Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vol. vii, p. 17. Bee 
also Armstrong's Address at Chester, Nov. 8, 1851, p, 9. 

13 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

off the Swedes. ^VTiatever his character, the Swedes throve 
under his rule. Besides the places already named, they 
had settlements at Swedesboro, Upland (now Chester), 
Manaiung, a handsome little fort of hickory logs at the 
mouth of the Schuylkill, Wiccacoa (late Passynnk), Shacka- 
maxoD (late Kensington )f and elsewhere. Three Swedes, 
the sons of Sven, subsequently owmed the tract included in 
the ancient limits of Philadelphia which they exchanged 
with Penn for a tract in the Liberties, near the City, con- 
tiuning 820 acresJ 

The Dutch grew restive under these aggressions, Peter 
Stoyvesant, the recently installed Director of New Amster- 
dam, who stumped about on a silver leg, determined to 
separate the Swedish forts. He boldly destroyed Fort 
Nassau, and blockaded the river by tlie erection of a new 
fort on the site of the present town of Newcastle, which he 
called Fort Casimir.* Fort Elsingborg thereupon became 
untenable, and the Swedes withdrew, excusing their action 
by the not incredible plea that the place had been made 
uninhabitable by the repeated and sanguinary attacks of 
mosquitoes. Printz*s spirit, and that of his Bon*in-]aw, 
Pappegoya, suddenly failed, hut their places were taken by 
the defiant John Claude Rysingh, who, disregarding ids in- 
structions to employ none but the mildest measures against 
the Dutch, entered Fort Casiniir, some say by storm,* some 
say with the aid of the strategy of Lieutenant Swan Schute,* 
and others say that he forcibly took possession and rifled 
tlie garrison even to their side arms.* 

Aflairs had now reached a crisis. The Dutch bloo 
could not brook this atrocious outrage. lioUand, for yer 

^ Sergeant* fi Land Law of Penna., IS. 

'Acreliua's History of New Sweden, 412; Ferria's Original f 
tnents od tlie Delaware, 69. 

^Bodman^s Memoir? of Wiccacoa, 
*Proud'8 Hiatory of Penna. vol» i, p. 19, 
* Hazard'a Aimalf, 149; Farm, pp. 81-82, 

Dutch and Swedish SeUlemenis on the Delaware. 18 

at war with England, and a recent victor over the great 
navy of Spain, now turned to aid her struggling offipring 
in America. Swedish military glory had grown dini ; 
the great Oxenstiern was dead; Christina had dropped 
her heavy sceptre into the feeble hands of Charles Gusta- 
viis, and dark clouds gathered over the Delaware. While 
Rysingh employed the engineer Lindstrora to strengthen 
the captured Fort Casimir, Stuyvesant retaliated by seizing 
a Swedish ship — the Golden Shark — ^loaded v\nth merchandise 
and reinforcements, which by some accident had got into 
the Raritan river instead of the Delaware. For a year the 
Dutch military preparations were conducted with secrecy. 
In the meantime Rysingh, who had himself proclaimed 
Director General over New Sweden, summoned the Indians 
to a treaty of friendship at Printz Hall upon Tinicum, 

Upon the Slst of August, 1655, the storm burst, Stuy- 
vesant, with a squadron of seven armed ships and trans- 
ports, containing between six and seven hundred men, ap- 
peared before Fort Caaimir, and Swen Schute, the Swedish 
commander^ realizing the hopelessness of a defence against 
such an armament, surrendered without a blow, Stuy vesant 
then turned to Fort Christina, and conducted a regular 
siege. Batteries were erected on every side except on the 
southeast, which was guarded by a low morass which, at 
high tide, lay five feet under water. Armed ships were 
anchored near the mouth of the Brandywine, and Rysingh 
was summoned to surrender.* For some time there was an 
interchange of messages. Then Rysingh, to scale his guns, 
fired a couple of cannon. The Dutch replied by discharg- 
ing a number of balls directly over the fort, and by several 
volleys from their batteries. The Swedes called a council 
of war. Their weakness was manifest. With but thirty 
men against seven hundred, with but a scanty stock of pro- 

' An intereating plan of the fort, and of its siege by the Dutch in 
1655, copied from Lindstrom's plan, Is given in Perm's Origin&l Settle- 
ments on the Delaware, p. 92. 

14 Dutch and Swedish SeUlemenis on the Delaware. 

NTBions, and but little ammunition, they faced despair. 
RyeiDgh reeorted to diplomacy, Stuyvesant met him \^ith 
dogged stubbornnese. Then, without atterapting the vio- 
lence of nniis, he killed all the cattle, goats, swine, and 
poultry in the fields, broke open the houses outside of the 
fort, and destroyed the town. For sixteen days Rysingh 
held out; helpless and half starved he uttered his last 
defiance, declaring that he woiUd defend the fort to the last 
extremity, and in the event of capture would appeal to the 
government of Sweden to avenge his wrongs, Stuyvesant, 
who throughout had borne himself with moderation, fair- 
ness, dignity, and patience, brought all his batteries to bear 
upon the fort, and sternly summoned Rysingh to surrender 
within twenty-four hours, or suffer the consequences of a 
capture by force of arms. A council of the whole garrison 
was called, and it was unanimously concluded that defence 
was hopeless, and that the fort should be yielded up on the 
best terms obtainable. The articles of capitulation wer« 
honorable to both victors and vanquished. The Swedes 
were permitted to retain all the cannon, ammunition, pro- 
visions, stock, and articles %vithin the fort. The Governor, 
his officers and meiij marched out with all their arms, to 
the sound of music, and beneath their own colors, under a 
safe conduct to Sweden. All letters and documents, 
whether public or private, were rettiined* No one was de- 
prived of property, and all citizens were allowed a year and 
six weeks within which to depart, unless before that time 
they swore allegiance to the Dutch government 

Thus fell New Sweden, The victory of the Dutch, while 
complete, was unstained by blood, although Rysingh bitterly 
complained to his king that he and his companions had 
been *' left m sheep doomed to the knife, to receive the wild 
barbarians,*' Even the mild Acrelius asserts that the 
Swedea suffered great hardships from the Dutch; that the 
flower of their troops were picked out and sent to New 
Amsterdam; that men were forcibly carried aboard the 
ships; that women were ill treated in their houses; that 

Duich and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware, 15 

their goods were pillaged, and that their cattle were killed/ 
This judgment appears harsh and overstated. There was 
much crimination and recrimination in the correspondence 
between Stujvesant and Rysingh, and much in the way of 
rejoinder and sur-rej cinder, but the Butchman stood firmly 
on the position that his countrymen had discovered and first 
occupied the land into which the Swedes had intruded, and 
that both Printz and Rysingh had been guilty of unpro- 
voked acts of violence,* 

It is undeniable that it was Ryaingh's act in seizing Fort 
Casimir that cost the Swedish throne its American colonies, 
and it was in terms of lamentation that the historian ad- 
dressed Louisa Ulrica: **Mo6t Gracious Queen! That land 
upon the river De la Ware which Queen Christina 
purchased of the wild heathen according to the laws and 
rights of nations ; that land whereon her soldiers built forts 
and erected the arms of the Swedish crown ; that land 
which its first colonists brought forth from its solitude— 
that land was ours." 

Few traces exist of Swedish judicial establishments, but 
though slight, they are interesting. The ponderous Printz 
was the first judge upon our shores, and Tinicum Island 
was the first seat of justice. By the Swedish instructions 
the administration of law was to be in the name of Her 
Royal Majesty and the Crown of Sweden. At first the 
Governor might use his own seal, but in somewhat larger 
form, in briefs, contracts, correspondence and other written 
documents of a public character; he was to decide all con- 
troversies which might arise according to Swedish law and 
right; and in all matters, as far as possible, he was to adopt 

*Acrelius'8 History of New Sweden* p, 417. 

'Seethe Correspondence, Hazard's Annals of Penna., pp. 183-20S, 
The Directora in Holland objected to all this correspondence: "That all 
which is written and copied is too long preserved, and may sometimesi 
when it is neither desired nor expected, be brought forward; whereaa 
words not recorded, are by length of time forgotten, or may be explained, 
construed, or excused as circumstances may require." 

16 Duleh and Swedish SeUlemenls on the Delaware, 

and employ " the laudable customs, habits and usages of this 
most praiseworthy realm.'* * This, though but a glimpse, is 
sufficient to show that uo special code was prepared for the 
goveroment of the colony. Although Swedish writers have 
asserted that trial by jur)' is of Swedish origin, yet no 
instance is known of its application in the colony, unless it 
is to be inferred from the fact that Printz was empowered 
to punish offenders with imprisonment and even with loss 
of life, ** yet not in any other than the usual manner, and 
after the proper hearing, and consideration of the case, wifh 
the mosi respectable people and the most prudent associate 
fudges who can be found in this country as his associates/*' 
Evidently he found difficulty in discharging bis dutit^, and 
in finding competent assessors, for as a militury man he was 
not learned in the law, and as the protector of the interests 
of the West India Company hevvas embarrassed by acting 
in a double capacity. On the 20th of February, 1647, he 
writes : ** Again, I have several times solicited to obtain a 
learned and able man, Ist To adminij^ter justice and attend 
to the law business j sometimes very intricate cases occur- 
ring, in wdiich it is difficult, and never ought to be for one 
and the same person to appear in Court as plaintiff as well 
as judge. 2nd. To act as Secretary, especially in the Latin 
language, for it many times has happened, ba is proved by 
the annexed paper, that I have received Latin letters from 
all parts/** 

The fiery Rysingh attempted some matters of domestic 
regulation by drawing an ordinance ^^ concerning the 
People, Country, Agriculture and Cattle** proclaimed in 
Kew Sweden in the year 1654.* 

Mr. Armstrong considers it not improbable that a Swed- 
ish court was established at Upland, and we shall very 


* Acreliufn, Rcynoldft' Translation^ p. 89; Hay4ird*« Register, voL iv^ 
221, «eci xxiv; IntrodiR-tion to Record of Upland Court, p. 17. 

•8we*lwih MSS., Archives Hiat Soc* Penaa^ */</. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware, 

shortly see that all of the Justices of the earliest English 
tribunal on the soil of Pennsylvania were Swedes.* 


Upon" the conquest by the Dutch, aftairs assumed a more 
stable condition. An oath of allegiance to the United 
Netherlands was prescribed to be taken by the Swedish 
settlers — most of whom, between four and five hundred in 
number, preferred to remain. With but few exceptions, 
they proved tractable, devoting themselves to the peaceful 
arts of husbandry. The administration of justice was 
placed on a new basis* New Gottenburg, on Tinicum, now 
ceased to be the seat of government^ which was removed, 
as a piece of poetic justice, to Caaimir, the name being 
changed to New AmsteL John Paul Jacquet was appointed 
by the Director and Council at New Amsterdam, Vice 
Director and Commander upon the Zuydt, or South River,^ 
under a commission '^to do justice and administer it, either 
in civil or military cases." ^ In him, and two other persons 
as a Council, to be increased, in the adjudication of affairs 
"purely civil betw^een freemen and Company's servants," 
by the addition of "two most expert freemen,'* was vested 
jurisdiction in "all propositions relative to justice,'' — 
extending, as it has been understood, to the establishment 
of a method of procedure suited to the wanta of the colony; 
the decision in the Council to be by the majority, and the 
casting vote to be by the Vice Director, 

Jacquet soon got into trouble with his accounts, and was 
arrested by the Attorney GeneraL On demanding a copy 

*Beconl of Upland Court, Memoiis of Hist. Soc. of Pa,, vol. vii, 
p. 35. The destmctioa of the Swedish archives, at Stockholm, by fire, 
and our own imperfect records, render it improbable that a elronger 
light C4Ln be thrown on this dark passage in our hktoiy, 

' The Delaware River was called the South River in cv^atraat to the 
North or Hudson River, 

* Hazard's Annals, 205. 

Dutch and Swedi^ SeUlemenis on the Delaware. 

of the petition under %vhich the arrest was made, and a 
statement of the authority by which he was jtroceeded 
against, the Attorney General answered : ** asplain6§\ ralione 
offiay* an early instance of proceedings ex officio. On his 
appearance in Courts he presented a written answer, which 
wajB rejected by tlie Attorney GeneraK who said he must 
answer ^ulicc on the acciiBations, or return to his arrest.*'* 
He defended himfielf with spirit, but was relieved of his 

In 1657, with a view of redncing expenses, occasioned by 
the cost of acquiring the river, the West India Company 
transferred New Ametel, with the territory as far North as 
Christina Creek, and South as far as Bombay Hook, to the 
Burgomasters of the City of Amsterdam, who appointed 
Jacob Alricks Director QeneraL A mode was provided 
for the government of New Amstel by the selection of a 
Schont, or Sheriff, and Prosecuting Attorney, a Chief Judge 
and Schepens.^ Tlie hitter had the power to decide suits 
under 100 guilders ($60.00); but if over that amount, sub* 
ject to an appeal to the Council at New Amsterdam ; and 
to pronounce sentence in criminal cases, also subject to 

Before the arrival of Alricks the government consisted 
of a military council over the soldiers, while differences be- 
tween the settlers were decided by the commander and two 
persons acting as schepens. After his arrival several city 
coimcillorg were elected, and from them three new schepens 
were chosen ; another secretary and schout were also ap- 
pointed, and two elders and two deacons for the manage- 
ment of church affairs,* 

All necessary means were furnished for the legal guidance 
of Vice Director Alricks, as appears from a letter written by 

> Albany Records, vol. jcv, p. 220. 

> Hftsard'B Annalfi. 221* 

» Holkad Doc., quoted in note by O'Callaghaa^ Hiit, of New Nether^ 
laodi, vol. ii, p, 837. 

Dutch and Swedish Setthments on the Delaware, 10 

him to his superiors : — ** I have received the police and law 
books which were sent out, consisting of two parts, and 
duplicates of ea^h ; they will be of great convenience to us, 
and we shall make use of them." ^ 

The We^t India Company, notwithstanding the transfer 
of New Amstel, retained jurisdiction over the territory not 
ceded. Hence there was a divided jurisdiction, and it has 
been conjectured, on somewhat uncertain evidence, that 
wherever the Swedes had courts or ma^strates, they were 
continued by the Dutch.* 

Some entertaining glimpses are obtainable of the charac- 
ter of the cases arising. Prices were fixed on deer and 
beaver skins, and a written pledge was exacted for their 
maintenance, under penalty of perjury for the first offence, 
suspension from the privileges of trade for the second, and, 
if the culprit proved obdurate, expulsion from the colony. 
Duties were imposed on French wine, brandy, distilled 
waters and noUand or foreign beer ; guards were posted 
against smuggling, and it was enjoined that no liquor should 
be sold to an Indian, Frequent controversies arose as to 
duties, and breaches of the latter regulation called for the 
action of the schepens. A Swede and a Finn were arrested 
for selling beer to a savage, but being lately arrived, were 
dit?eharged because of their ignorance of law. Lots were 
to be enclosed and goats were to be attended by a keeper. 
Damages for trespass were awarded, and damages reftised 
for injuries to strays. Swine were to be yoked or killed. 
A servant charged one Thomas Broen with an assault and 
battery which disabled him from labor, and the assailant 
was ordered to supply the servant with victuals until he 
could work. The same Broen, who seems to have been a 
turbulent character, was soon after arrested for abuse of tlie 
^^ce Director, Swen Schute and Jacob Swenske were sent 
to New Amsterdam, under a guard of twelve soldiers, for 

* Documents rdating ta Colonial HibI. of N, Y*, vol. ii, p, 54. 

' Annetrong's Introduction to the Record of Upland Conrt, pp. 30-^l» 

20 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware, 

holding secret ititernewe with the savages ; while a Swedish 
woman, who had debauobed Bailors^ was given the option 
of going to Long Inland or to the woods on the river. 
Licenses of marriage were recorded** In 1661 a Swedish 
clergyman, the Rev. Laurentiua Lockinius, or Pastor Lock, 
as he wafi also called, his wife having eloped with a low 
character^ broke open her abductor's trunk in search of evi- 
dence against her paramour. It was solemnly adjudged, as 
his punishment, that for his offence he pay all the debts of 
the absconding vvdfe-etealer. The doubly violent presump- 
tion that he both found assets and feloniously appropriated 
them may be explained, as Judge Gruhb remarks, by the 
fact that the absconding debtor owed the court.' The 
ftame Pastor Lock married another woman wdthin nine 
months without securing a divorce. lie was rebuked by 
Stuyvesant at New Amsterdam and obliged to intermit his 
ministry for some mouths. Then the governor granted a 
divorce, contirmed the second marriage, and restored his 

In 1658, Vice Director Alricks wrote to Stuyvesant: 
** I have also to pay the attorney Schelluyn, for salary 
earned by him in the suit against the skipper of the ship 
Printz jMauritzJ^ It came about in this w'ise. Shortly at\er 
the Dutch conrpjest, and in ignorance of the clumge of gov- 
ernment, the ship named arrived from Sweden with one 
hundred and thirty souls — farmers, traders, and mechanics, 
with their wives and children. They were not permitted to 
land, and, pending the settlement of their status at New 
Amsterdam, suffered many privations. A pitiable state- 
ment of tlieir plight was made liy the Captain, who resisted 
tlie effort t<» collect charges accruing during his detention, 
and duties on goods damaged by the delay, and this was 

* Hazard's Annalfl, 207, 221, 24D. 

'The Colon in! and Stat© Judiciary of Delaware, by Hon, Ignatius 
C. Grtibb J Papers of the Hiat. Sue. of Delaware^ x?ii, p. 10, 
*Acrelius'H Hkt. of New Sweden^ p. 101. 

DtUch and Swedish Settlements an the Delaware. 21 

the subject of the suit^ It seems to have been finally com- 
promised by the payment of 750 guilders. 

Such are the scattered instances of the administration of 
justice during the second period of Dutch rule, but they 
serve to give us a vivid though incomplete picture of the 

I reserve for future consideration the establishment of 
English rule in 1664 — extending to 1678 — ^when, with a 
slight Dutch resumption of jurisdiction for a single year, 
English supremacy became permanently established, under 
the sway of a code known as the Duke of York's laws, 
which finally gave way to those of Penn in 1682. 

I Hazard's Annals, pp. 213-217. 

22 ThomM Sutty's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 



Arranged and Edited with an Introduction and Notes. 


(Continued from yol. zxxii, page 482.) 


445. DoDsoN Sbn. Mr., ''for his 

son. A copy." 24x20 1862 

446. Donaldson Mrs., "of Balti- 

more." Bust 1816 

Sully painted Mrs. James Laury Donaldson, which is owned 
by Mrs. Robert M. Gushing. 

447. Donnelly Mrs., "for her 

father Mr Slevin." Head 1856 

448. Donnelly Mrs., " copied from 

my first." Head 1856 

449. DoRSEN Mr. & Son. "Copy 

begun by Tom." Half length 1839 

450. DoRSBY Dr., "hands intro- 

duced." Bust 1812 

Doctor John Syng Dorsey (1783-1819) after Sully was 
engraved by Goodman and Piggott for the Portfolio, 1819. 
He received the degree of doctor of medicine from the 
University of Pennsylvania at the early age of 18, the 
trustees by special action having in his case dispensed with 
the requirement that graduates in medicine should be 

451. Dorsey Mrs. Dr., "with 

hands." Bust 1812 

450 and 451 owned by Mrs. Elizabeth Gardner DuPont, of 
Wilmington, Del. 

452. DoRSBY Mrs., "of Baltimore." Bust 1808 

Thomas SuUy's Register of Portraits, 1801-187U 23 


453. DouGAN Joseph. Kit-kat 1810 

Joseph Dugan was a merchant of Philadelphia and President 
of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1842-1845. 

454. DouGAN Miss. Kit-kat 1810 

455. DouGAN Mrs., " formerly Miss 

GiUiams." Head 1864 

456. Douglass Miss, ''deceased 

for Mrs Cruger N. Y." Head 1836 

457. Douglass Miss M., "after 

death two specimens." Bust 1844 

458. Douglass Saml. "Uncle of 

Mrs. C both from 

Miss." Bust 1843 

" Mrs. C," Mrs. Crugar. Vide 1211. 

459. Downing Mary, "of Down- 

ingviUe." Head 1837 

This portrait was finished October 3, 1837, and was the last 
portrait painted by SuUy before he left on his visit to England. 

460. Downing Mrs., "formerly 

Eliah Bartleson." Kit-kat 1825 

Mrs. John W. Downing (1800-1826), owned by great-grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Henry Whelen, Jr., Philadelphia. 

461. Drayton Mr., "of Georgia for 

Col. D. his father." Kit-kat 1843 

462. Drayton Mr. Junr., "of 

United States Navy." Bust 1835 

463. Drayton Pbrcival, "for Mrs 

Gadsden." Bust 1827 

Perdval Drayton (1812-1865) of South Carolina entered 
the U. S. N. at fifteen and was commander of Farragut's 
flag ship in the battle of Mobile Bay, Aug. 5, 1864. Owned by 
W. Heyward Dra3rton, Philadelphia. 


TJwmas Sully $ Regkter of PoHraiis, 1801'187L ^^^H 




Drayton Capt. Percival, " 


'*forB. Rush Esq/' Head 1867 


Drew Mrs* John, "of the 


Theatre, Arch St/' Bust 1864 


Louisa !*ftne (1820-1897) married first Hear>' Hunt, 2nd 


George Mossop, and 3rd John Drew. Aa Mrs. John Drew, 


she became a finished comedy actress, her Mrs, Malaprop 


being without a rival. Owned by her son John Drew, 


New York. 


Drinker Miss, ** assumed 


name Edith Phoebe May/' 24 x 20 1850 


Anna Drinker (1827- ) under her nomme de plume 


published many poems. 


Duane Mrs. Deborah. '*For 


her daughter/' Bust 1841 * 


Granddaughter of Benjamin Franklin and wife of 468. 


Duane William, '*for his 


daughter Ellen. " Bust 1 84 1 


William John Duane (1780-1865) was Secretary of the 


Treasury under Jackson until removed lor refusing to order 


the removal of tlie deposits from the U, S. Bank. 


DuFFiELD Miss. 12x10 1805 


Dugan Cumberland, Kit-kat 1821 


Dugan Mrs., "formerly Miss 


Gilliams/' Head 1864 


DUMOUNT Mb, Bust 1807 


Dun ant Misa Rebecca. Kit-kat 1812 


Duncan Mr., "copy from 


another picture/' Bust 1827 


Dunouson Dr. "For the 


M. F. S, of Prest." 30x25 1868 


Robley Dunglison (1798-1869) was an eminent physician, 


teacher, and writer, and President of the Mu^ca! Fund 


Society of Philadelphia, ' 



26 Thomas Sully's Register of PoHraiU, 1801-1871. 


488. Earley (Earely) Mr. "Mer- 

chant Market & Water St." 30 x 25 1862 

489. Earley Mrs. 30x25 1863 

490. Earp Miss, "for her Mother." 30x25 1859 

491. Eastman Miss, "of her late 

sister from a Daug." 24x20 1869 

492. Eddb Mrs., "Mrs. Carson's 

mother." Bust 1862 

493. Egb Mr., "chUd of." 24x20 1870 

494. Eltrith Mrs., " and her daugh- 

ter." 24x20 1836 

495. Elliott Miss, "of Beaufort 

S. Carolina." Kit-kat 1821 

496. Eluott Miss Ann, " of Beau- 

fort S. C." Kit-kat 1839 

497. Elliott Miss Mary, "daugh- 

ters of Wm. Elliott." Kit-kat 1839 

Owned by Miss M. E. Pinckney, Blowing Rock, N. C. 

498. Elliott Mr., "of Beaufort 

8. C." Kit-kat 1823 

499. Elus Mr. T. H. "Painted in 

Richmond Virginia." Head 1850 

500. Elus Mrs. T. H. "Painted 

in Richmond Va." Head 1850 

Vide 309 and 1667. 

501. Elus Mrs., "for her husband 

John W. of Salisbury." Bust 1846 

502. Elus Powhatan, "of Rich- 

mond Va. (Misse)." Bust 1846 

28 Thomas SuUy's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


512. Eugenie Empress, ''from a 

Photograph." Head 1863 

513. Ewen Mr. ''Merchant of 

3rd St." Bust 1831 

514. Ewen Mrs., "of No 7 So 4." Bust 1831 

513 and 514 were of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Ewing. 

515. Etre Mr., "of Virginia." Bust 1830 

516. Fairman George, "son of 

Gideon Fairman." Head 1816 

517. Fairman Gedion, "for Mr 

Childs." 12x10 1824 

Colonel Gideon Fairman (1774-1827), an engraver and pub- 
lisher of lithographs. Owned by the Pennsylvania Academy 
of the Fine Arts. Another portrait of Col. Gideon Fairman 
by Sully, but not registered, is owned by Mrs. James S. War- 
ren, New York. 

518. Fairman George and Caro- 

line, "for their Father." Head 1819 

519. Falcon Mr. Miniature 1804 

520. Farblt Mrs., " as a Madonna." Kit-kat 1807 

This is of Mrs. Fairlie, daughter of Ch. Just. Robert Yates 
and wife of Major James Fairlie, whose daughter was 358. 
Owned by Alfred Nelson, Astoria, L. I. 

521. Farlow Mrs., "then dying of 

consumption. ' ' Miniature 1 802 

522. Farr Miss, "for her Mother." Head 1850 

523. Farren Miss, "afterward 

Countess of Derby." 21x17 1867 

Thomas Sully*s Register af Portraits, 1801-1871, 


524. Farrbn Miss, "began after 

Lawrence/* 10x8 1870 

Elizabeth Fanen (1759-1829) is the subject of one of Law- 
rence's most famous portraits, lately purchased by J. P, 
Morgan, reported for the highest prioe ever paid for a paiot- 
ing by Lawrence. 

525. FiNi^EY John, *'for H, Robin- 

eon/' Head 1821 

This portrait is in the Metropolitan Muaeum of Art, New 
York, wrongfully attributed to Rembrandt Pealc. 

Firth Mr, Bust 



527. Fisher Chs. Henry, ''for hia 

brothers/' Head • 1833 

Charles Henry Fisher, President of the Western Saving Fund^ 
Phihidelphia, died in 1862. 

528, Fisher James, "Sidney Fish- 

er's brother, deceased.** Head 1833 

James Logan Fisher died in Paris, 1833. 

529. Fisher Sidney George, "for 

his brother H/' Head 1833 

Of the Philadelphia bar, died 1871. He was a man of literary 
attahiments, married a daughter of Charles J. Ingersoll (829, n.) 
and was the father of Sidney George Fisher, tlie historian. 

530. Fisher Mr. F, *^ Group of 2 

daught^^ Elizabeth and 

Sophy/' Bust 1847 

These were portraits of two daughters of Joshua Francis 
Fisher. Elizabeth married Robert Patterson Kane and 
Sophia married Eckley B. Coxe. 

531, Fisher J.iMES. "Merchant/' 12x10 1804 

532, Fisher James Mrs. 12x10 1805 
533- Fisher James. Bust IS 11 

534. Fisher James C, "corner of 

9th & Chestnut St/' Bust 


30 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


535. Fisher Mbs. Jambs C, ''this 

& the foregoing for his 

son." Bust 1827 

536. Fisher Joseph. "Optician." Bust 1882 

This portrait belongs to the Library Company of Philadelphia, 
to which the subject bequeathed S50,000. 

537. Fisher Redwood. Bust 1808 

In 1847 Sully enters this portrait again with "painted in 
1808 retouched it." 

538. FiBHBR William. Bust 1808 

539. FiTZCHUE Mr., "for Princeton 

College." Bust 1808 

William Henry Fitshugh (1792-1830) of Virginia was gradu- 
ated at Princeton, 1808. He became Vice-president of the 
American Colonization Society and was an active opponent 
to slavery. 

640. FiTMBBALD H., "fOF 





541. FrrzQBHALD Miss Maud. 






543. FmoBBALD Mb. 



544. FiTzosBALD Mr., ''in place of 

one condemned." 30x25 

546. Fitzgerald Mrs., "of Nor- 
folk." Head 1853 

546. Fitzgerald Mrs. Bust 1858 

547. Fitzgerald Mrs., "for her son 

Biter." 30x26 1861 

548. Fitzgerald Mrs. 34 x 25 1862 

549. Fitzgerald Mrs., "& her 

daughter Matilda. " 30 x 25 1861 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 31 


550. FiTZGERALDMRS./'&8onHilI." Kit-kat 1863 

551. Fitzgerald Mrs. Bust 1864 

552. Fitzgerald Mrs., '^ as a Peas- 

ant. For her son." Bust 1864 

553. Fitzgerald Mrs., '' for her son 

Biter." Bust 1866 

554. Fitzgerald Riter, "for his 

Mother." Bust 1860 

555. Fitzgerald Robert & Gil- 

bert," for their Mother. " 30 x 25 1867 

540 to 555 are of Colonel Thomas Fitzgerald, of the Philadel- 
phia City Item, and members of his family. 

556. FiTZHUE Mr. Bust 1816 

557. FiTZHUE Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Goldsborough." Bust 1816 

The surname of 556 and 557 should doubtless be as 539, 

558. Fitzwhylsonn W., "of Rich- 

mond." Bust 1824 

559. Fitzwhylsonn W., "copied 

from the first." Bust 1824 

560. Fleming Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Roach." Bust 1831 

561. Fleming Mrs. Bust 1844 

562. Fleming Mr., "as a pendant 

to Jane's port, of Mrs." Head 1851 

563. Fletcher Levi, "for his 

Mother." Bust 1830 

^^^^F ^^ 

Thomas Suay's Register of Porlraits, 1801-1811. ^^H 


NAMB 8I£« 

date ^^^H 


Flinn Rbvd. Dr,, "of Charles- 



ton 8. a" Bust 

1812 ^^H 


Fi-URSLY Master Ketland, 



" nephew of Mrs Meade. *' Kit-kat 



The surname la blotted and may be ''Huraly." 



FoNSHEE Dr. I, 12 X 10 

1805 ^^1 


Ford Mr,, " a sketch to cancel 



Jane's." Head 



Ford Mrs., " for Mr T Bryan." Head 

1829 ^H 


Ford Mrs. C,» "being the 2nd 



portrait," Head 



Forney Mr. "Editor of the 



Press." 30x25 



John Weiss Forney (1817-1881), a weU known 



and politician who for several terms was Clerk of the House ^^^| 


of Representatives of the U. S. and then of the U. 

S. Senate. ^^H 


Forney Mrs. 30 x 25 

1862 ^H 


Forrest Edwin. " Theatre. 



For Garrick Club." Bust 

1839 _■ 


Edwin Forrest (1806-1872) was the weU known tragedian ^^| 


who for years was the stage idol of the masse-s. 

but whoae ^^^H 


intense personality kept him from appcaliing to the refine- ^^^| 


ments of intellect. 



Forrest Rev. J., "presented 



to him (Charleston S C)." Bust 

1846 ^H 


Fox Mr, "Engraver (Head 



size)/' Bust 



Gilbert Fox was an engraver, actor, and singer, 

for whom ^^^H 


Joseph Hopkinson wrot« "Hail, (Columbia." 



Franklin, "copy begun by 



Jane Sully." Half length 



There being but one FRANKLIN, to mention his Christian ^^^| 


name is superfluous. 


Thomas Svtty's Register of Portraitsr 1801-1871. 88 


576. Frankun Bbnjn. '' Bass relief 

Franklin Inste. Pre- 
sented." Head 1826 
Owned by the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia. 

577. Franklin Db. B. "For Mr 

W. Duane. A present." Bust 1860 

William Duane (1807-1882) was a son of 467 and 468 and 
a great-grandson of Franklin. 

678. Franklin Mr., " Atty. Genl." Bust 1810 

579. Franklin Mrs. Walter. Bust 1810 

Walter Franklin (1773-1838) was Attorney General of Penn- 
sylvania in 1809 and Pleading Judge of the Coiurt of Common 
Pleas, Judicial District No. 2, from 1811. 

580. Freland Mr., ''from a Dau- 

gerreotype." Head 1856 

581. Freland Mr. "Ditto, for Mr 

Daniel of Miss." Bust 1856 

582. Frelinqhutsen I^r. "The 

late. From Photo." Head 1865 

583. Freunghuysen. "For Coloni- 

zation Society. Copy." Head 1865 

Theodore Frelinghujrsen (1787-1862), in the hall of Hist. 
Soc. of Penna. 

584. French Mrs., "painted in 

Baltimore." Bust 1820 

585. French Mrs. " Formerly Miss 

Read." 17x14 1847 

686. Frieland Mr. Kit-kat 1857 

587. Frieland Mrs., "from Missis- 
sippi." Kit-kat 1857 
Vide 580 and 581. 
vol. xxxiii. — 3 

34 Thomas SuHy's Register of PoHraits, 1801-1871. 


588. Fbt Gross. "From a Photo- 

graph." 30x25 1870 

589. Fry Gross. 30x25 1870 

590. Fry Mr. "Printer." Bust 1809 

591. Fry Mr. "Father of. From a 

Bust." 30x25 1870 

592. Fry Mrs. "Mother from a 

Sketch." 17x14 1870 

593. Fry Mrs. "Father. From a 

Photograph." 17x14 1870 

594. Fry Mrs. "Father. From a 

Photograph." 17x14 1871 

595. Fry Mrs., "of Green HiU." 30 x 25 1868 

596. Fry Mrs. "Son of Mr. 4." 24 x 20 1869 

597. Fry Mrs. " Parent of, a copy 

of a sketch." 14x17 1869 

598. Fry Mrs. "Grandfather of, a 

copy." 17 X 14 1869 

599. Fry Mrs. "Late. Infant of, 

and Angel." 24x20 1870 

600. Fuller Mrs., "Miss Montel- 

Uus." Bust 1837 

601. FuRNESs Mrs., "for her hus- 

band J. T." Bust 1829 

602. FuRNESS Rbvd. W. " For Mrs 

Hughes." Bust * 1830 

William Henry Furness (1802-1896), one of the most dis- 
tinguished of Unitarian ministers and one of the most accom- 
plished of belles lettres writers. Father of Horace Howard 
Furness, the eminent Shakeq)earian scholar. 

Thomas Sully 8 Register of Portraiis, 1801-1811. 35 


603, Gales Mr*, "of Washington 

Gales A Seton Nat. Gaz." Bust 1843 

Joseph Gales (1786-1860), who with W. W. Seton published 
the Natianai InieUigenccr^ in Washington, from 1810 until 
his death. From 1812 until 1820 Gales and Seton were the 
exclusive reporters of the proceeding of Congress and but 
for their industry a most important part of our national 
record would now be lost. 

604. Gallego Mr., "from a draw- 

ing by Field/* 12x10 1803 

Robert Field was an eminent miniature painter who came 
here from England circa 1704, He remained here a dozen 
years following his art in Maryland, Philadelphia, and Boston, 
and engra\Tng a few stipple plates, when he removed to 
Halifax, N. S., and thence to the West Indies, where he died 
at Jamaica, August 9, 1819. He signed his miniatures with 
his initials " R. F." which being the same as those of Robert 
Fulton, his signed work is usually attributed to the latter. 

605. Gamble Robert. 



606. Ganuet Mr., **for his partner 

Johnston, '* Bust 1810 

607. Gardettb Mrs., ** Miss Badger 

that was.*' Head 1829 

608. Gaskill Miss Jane, "for Mr* 

Hall*' Bust 1829 

(1808-1832), daughter of 1926. Vide 696 and 1925 to 1928. 

609. Gee Miss Martha, "of Va, 

by Dr. Mutter." Bust & hands 1835 

610. George Capt* Ed. 


611. George Mrs. M., ** formerly 

Miss Potter.'' Head 

612. Getty Mr., ''Presd. Bank 

Ctom exchange." Kit>kat 

86 Thomas SuUy's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


613. Oettt Mr., " Presd. of the Bank 

Corn exchange.'' Eit-kat 1863 

614. Gibbon Mr., "and Lady." Bust 1805 

615. Gibbon Lieut. Miniature 1805 

616. Gibbon Mrs., "of Richmond." Bust 1810 

617. Gibson Dr., " 17 x 14 for Ch. 

Bell of London." Head 1820 

William Gibeon (1788-1868), a distinguished surgeon and 
professor of surgery in the University of Pennsylvania for 
more than thirty 3rear8. Sir Charles Bell was a famous sur- 
geon in London. 

618. Gibson Mrs. Dr., "for her 

Mother in Baltimore." Bust 1820 

619. Gibson Mrs. James, "formerly 

Miss Borderley." Half-length 1821 

Elizabeth (1773-1863), daughter of John Beale Bordley, 
married James Gibson in May, 1817. This portrait did be- 
long to the late Edward Shippen, of Philadelphia. A por- 
trait of Mrs. Gibson, by Stuart, is in the Pennsylvania Acad- 
emy of the Fine Arts. 

620. GiGER Prof. Musgrave, "of 

Princeton, N. J." Bust 1859 

George Muqgrave Giger (1822-1865) was professor of Greek 
and of Latin in Princeton GoU^e from 1846 until the year 
of his death. 

621. GiLESPiE Mr., "of Nashville 

Tenn." Bust 1841 

622. Gill Mrs. "Sister to Mr. 

Lockwood." 24x20 1850 

Vide 1064. 

623. GiLUAT Alfred, "and his 

Dog.— For Mr Gallego." 12x10 1803 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 37 ^^^^^H 

NAMll Sini DATB ^^^^^^1 

^^^ 624 

. Oilman Rev. S,, ''presented ^^^^^B 

to him/' 30x25 1846 ^^| 

This portrait was painted in Chaxleeton, S. C.^ where Samuel ^^^H 

Oilman (1791-1858) had charge of the Unitarian Church ^^^| 

from 1819 until his death. I^^l 


. GiLMORE Robert, ''copied ^^H 

from Lawrence/' Bust 1823 ^^^H 

Robert Gilmore, Jr* (1774-1848), of Baltimorei was one of ^^^| 

the earliest collectors of paintings and of autographs in this ^^^H 

country. His portrait by Lawrence was engraved by John ^^^H 

Sart&in. ^^^| 

^^^ 626. 

GiLMOHE R., "from Lawrence ^^^H 

for Charleston/' Kit-kat 1823 ^^H 


GiLMORE Mrs. Robert, *'from ^^^| 

Lawrence for Charleston/' Bust 1823 ^^H 


Gilmore Mrs. R., ''for Char- ^^^| 

leston S C/' Kit-kat 1823 ^^H 

Mrs. Gilmore's maiden name was Ellen Ward. 626 and 628 ^^^H 

owned by Mrs. William Henry Ladson, Charleston, S. C. ^^^^| 

^^^ 629. 

GliiMORE Mrs. Wm., "painted ^^^H 

in Baltimore/' Bust 1820 ^^H 


GtRAULDTS Mr./' of Natchez." Bust 1816 ^^H 


Glene Miss, "that was. for ^^^H 

Mr Thompson, copy." Head 1846 ^^H 


Glenn John, "deceased of ^^^H 

Baltimore, for bis son. " 24 x 20 1857 ^^H 


Gx«entworth Dr. Bust 1812 i^^^l 

Flunkett Fleeson Glentworth, M.D. (1760-1833), of IM Sas- ^^H 

safras Street, was the only "Dr/' of the name at that time, ^^^^| 

in Philadelphia. ^^^H 


Godet Charlotte, "deceased ^^^H 

from a Daguereotype. " 24 x 20 1847 ^^^| 

88 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


635. GoDST Louis, ''3 children in 

group." Kit-kat 1844 

636. GoDBY Mrs., "wife to Mr. G. 

of the firm of G. & Mc M. " Head 1843 

This portrait was of the wife of Louis A. Godey, originator and 
publisher of Godey's Lady's Book. At one time he was in 
partnership with McMillan, afterward Parry & McMillan. 

637. GouRDiN Esq., "M. C. from 

Charleston." Bust 1815 

Theodore Gourdin (d. 1826) was a member of Congress, 1813 
to 1815. 

638. Gbaham Mbs., 'Hhe 1st bust 

of the reduced price $100." Bust 1842 

639. Gbatiot Genebal, "for West 

Point." Bust 1830 

640. Gbatiot Genl., "for West 

Point. 1st Pont. Com." Bust 1832 

641. Gbatiot Genl., "copied at 

W Point— Col. North." Bust 1833 

Charles Gratiot (1788-1855) was graduated at the U. S. 
military academy in 1806 and served in the war of 1812 
with distinction. He was Inspector at West Point from 
1828 to 1838 and his portrait hangs in the academy. 

642. Gbatiot Mrs., " Lady of Genl. 

G." Kit-kat 1829 

643. Gbatz Miss, "copied from a 

miniature painted by Mal- 

bum. This and foregoing 

Cooper." Bust 1807 

" Malbum" should of course be Malbone, the most eminent 
of American miniature painters, and "foregoing" was 1757. 

644. Gratz Senr. Mr. Bust 1808 

Michael Gratz, a merchant of Philadelphia. Owned by 
Henry Joseph, Montreal. 

^^^^^^^Tkamas Sidl/s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871 


^^^f NAMB mxm 


^^^^ 645. Gratz Benjamin. Head 

1831 ^^H 

^H Benjamiii GraU (1792-1884), son of 644. 


^H 646. Gratz Mrs. Benjamin. Head 

1831 ^^M 

^^L Was Afaria Cecil Gist (d. 1841). 645 and 646 owned by Mrs. ^^B 

^^^^b Thomas Clay, hexingtoUf Ky. 


^ 647. Gratz Rebecca, "for her 


^^^^B brother. ' ' Bust 


^^^^^V Owned by Henry Joseph^ Montreal, Canada. 


^^^^ 648* Gratz Rebecca, "2nd por- 


^^h trait for H. G. erased.'' Bust 


^^^ 649. Gratz Rebecca, "for Mrs 


^^^^ Gratz. Head 

1831 ^^M 

^^^^H Owned by Mrs. Thomaa Clay, Lexington, Ky. 


^^^1 For some account of Rebecca Grata (1781-1869) ^^^ 

a ^^^H 

^^^^H reproduction of her portrait by Sully, see Reminiscences of a ^^^| 

^^^^ Very Old Man by John Sartain. 


^H 650. Gray Miss Martha. " For her 


^M Father Ed. Gray Esq/' Head 


^M 651. Gray Mr., "of New Orleans.'' Bust 


^m 662. Gray Mr. "Brewer." Kit-kat 


^H 653. Green Edmund. Bust 


^^^ 654. Green Genl., "deceased cop- 


^^^^L ied from Peales.'' Head 


^^^^1 Nathaniel Greene (1742-1786), one of the most distinguished ^^^| 

^^^^H officers in the Revolutionary War. 


^K^ 655. Green John, "child of W. 


^^^^B Green Commedian.'^ Miniature 

1804 ^^M 

^M 656, Green Mrs., "of Natchez.'' Bust 


^^^^ 657. Green Mrs,, "formerly Miss 


^^^H Ritche.'' Bust 

1S33 ^^H 

^H^ 658. Green William. " Comedian." Miniature 


40 Thomas Svlly's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


659. Gbsinobaum Mb. " Father in 

law of Mis G." 




Gbsinobaum Mbs. 




Grbt John. 




Griffin Mr. 



663. Gbiffin Mbs., ''of Cincin- 

nati.'' Bust 1830 

664. Qbiffin Mbs., ''of Wilming- 

ton Delaware.'' Head 1866 

665. Gbiffith Mb. "Copy from a 

portrait by Stuart (Mr 

Pollock)." Kit-kat 1825 

Stuart punted the portrait of Robert Eglesfeld Griffith 
(1756-1833), a merchant of Philadelphia, as abo of his wife, 
the latter being one of Stuart's most important portraits. 
Tide The Century Magatine for May, 1899. 

666. Gbiffith Mbs., "of 'Charlie's 

Hope' for Mrs Hughes." Bust 1829 

667. Gbiffiths Db. E., "being the 

first in the list of sub- 
scribers to a list of 30." Bust 1808 

Thirty persons each subscribed $30, for which each had a 

portrait painted. 

668. Gbigg Miss Emilt, "the 

youngest." Head 1856 

669. Gbigg Miss Fanny. Head 1856 

670. Gbigg Miss Nanny. Head 1856 

671. Gbigg Miss Nanny, "a second 

picture." Head 1856 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 41 


672. Grigg Miss Nanny, ''in lieu 

of a failure." 24x20 1857 

668 to 672 were the daughters of John Grigg, an eminent 

673. GrilletMad. Half-length 1807 

674. Grimes Chancellor. Miniature 1804 

675. Groome Lawyer, "of Elkton 

Md." Bust 1855 

676. Groome Lawyer, ''of Elkton 

Md," Bust 1856 

James Black Groome (1838-1893), Governor of Maryland, 
1874, and U. S. Senator, 1879-1885. 

677. Grub Mr., "copied from St. 

Memin." Bust 1824 

There is no portrait named "Grub," or "Grubb," as the name 
is commonly spelled, in the volume published by E. Dexter of 
St. Memin Portraits. 

678. Grub Mr., "for his Mother." Head 1833 

679. Grub Mrs., "of Mount Hope, 

above Lancaster." Bust 1824 

680. Grub Mr., "of BurUngton." 24x20 1864 

681. Grundy Mr,, "of Baltimore. 

Hands introd." Bust 1814 

682. GuERARD Miss Sophia, "for 

Mrs Crawford." Bust 1846 

Owned by Miss A. B. Rose, Charleston, S. C. 

683. GuERiN MoNR., " of Savannah." Bust 1816 

684. Gum Mrs., "for Price 

WetheriU." Bust 1822 

Rebecca Wetherill married Mr. Gumbes. 

42 Thomas SuUy's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


686. GwATHONEY Mrs., "in place 

of Hubbard's port." Head 1861 

686. GwiNN Capt., "United States 

Navy." Head 1837 

John Gwinn (d. 1849) entered the Navy in 1809. 

687. GwTNN Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Lynch." Head 1839 

688. GwYNN Wm., "for H. Robin- 

son." Bust 1821 

This portrait is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New 
York, under the name of "William Glynn." I do not know 
which name is correct. 


689. Hacklby Mbs., "for Mrs 

Talcot." Bust 1836 

Owned by Mrs. Richard D. Cutts, Washington, D. C. 

690. Hackley Miss Fanny, "for 

her Mother." Head 1836 

691. Haldbman Sarah, "for Miss 

Fox." Head 1829 

Sarah Jacobs Haldeman married William J. Haly, one of 
the authors of Troubat and Haly's Practice in the Courts 
of Pennsylvania. 

692. Haldiman Miss, "of Harris- 

burg." Bust 1860 

693. Halb Mr. R. C, "of Harris- 

burg." Bust 1863 

694. Halb Mrs., "both hands 

introduced." Bust 1810 

696. HalbMrs., "of PhiUipsburg." Bust 1866 

Thomas Stdlif'a Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 48 


696. Halii Mbs., "formerly Miss 

Ga. GaskiU." Bust 1829 

Christiana Gulielma Penn-Gaskell (1806-1830) married Wil- 
liam EaU. Vide 608 and 1925 to 1928. 

697. Hamilton Estelle. " For Mrs 

Mayer her mother." Head 186S 

698. HAMii/roN J as., "of Philadel- 


699. Hamii/fon James. 

700. Hamilton James. 

701. Hamilton J., "in Vandyke 


702. Hamilton Me., "of Williams- 

borough N. C." 

703. Hamilton Mr., "of Ken- 


704. Hamilton Mrs., "of^ Ken- 


705. Hamilton Wm., "of the Wood- 

lands deceased, copied from 

a Miniature." Bust 1814 

William Hamilton (1745-1813). His portrait by West is in 
the Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

706. Hammond Mr., "H. & New- 

man." Bust 1821 

707. Handle, " by a German artist 

one of the series." 17 x 12 1862 

Georg Friedrich Handel (1685-1759), the great musical 















44 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


708. Hare Binney^ '* Sketch of a 
portrait for Mrs Hare's 
son,'' 13x18 



709. Hare Master Horace, "hand 

introduced." Bust 1847 

Horace Binney Hare was the only child of Judge John Innes 
Clark and Esther Binney Hare (145), and grandson of the 
Hon. Horace Binney (146). 

710. Hare Charles, "for Mr 

Merredith/' Bust 


Charles WiEing Hare (1778-1827) was a brothcsr of Pro- 
fessor Robert Hare {711) and an eminent lawyer of Phila- 
delphia. He was the grandfather of Charles Hare Hutch- 

711. Hare Professor. Bust 1827 

Robert Hare (1781-1858) was a diBtinguished scientist and 
inventor of the compound blow-pipe. Held the chair of 
Chemistry in the Univermty of Pennsylvania from 1818 
until 1847. Waa one of the early advocates of Spiritualism* 

712. Harper Chancellor. "For 

the College at Columbia." Bust 


713. Harper Chancellor. *' Copied 

from the Ist." Bust 1840 

William Han>er (1790-1847), Senator from South Carolina, 
1826 ; Chancellor, 1828 ; Judg^ of the Court of Appeals, 1830 ; 
and again Chancellor, 1835. Member of the convention that 
passed the ordinance of Nullification, 1833. 

Harper Miss Emily. Head 1853 


715. Harris Mr, 


716. Harrison Gen. "Design for 

Medal" 10x12 1822 

By resolution of Congress of AprU 4, 1818, a gold medal 
was voted to William Henry Harrison for his victory over 
the English and Indian forces at the battle of the Thames, 
October 5, 1813. 

Thomas Svllif's Register of PoHraits, 1801-1871. 46 


717. Harrison Mrs., "deceased 

from a D. for Mr Fisher." Head 1852 

Of Mrs. George Harrison (d. 1851) for Joshua Francis Fisher, 
her nephew and residuary legatee. 

718. Harwood John, "of N. York 

Theatre for CJooper." Bust 1806 

John Edmund Harwood (1771-1809) was an English co- 
median who was noted for his handsome face and fine 
physique. He married Miss BaGhe, a granddaughter of 
Benjamin Franklin, and was the father of Admiral Andrew 
Allen Harwood of the U. S. Navy. 

719. Haslam Mrs., "for Anna 

Peale." Bust 1839 

720. Hatch Mr., "of Vicksburg 

Ten." Head 1843 

721. Haven Lesue, Emma & 

George, "in a group." Kit-kat 1848 

722. Haviland Mrs. Bust 1837 

723. Haxall Mrs. "For her son." Head 1849 

724. Haxall Mrs., "formerly Boil- 

ing." Head 1850 

726. Haydn, "one of a series." 

Joseph Haydn (1732-1809), the musical composer. 

726. Hayne Miss, "of Charleston 

S. C." Head 1840 

727. Hayne Mrs. Paul, "for Miss 

Hayne." Head 1842 

728. Haynss Macaulay. "In oil 

colours." Bust 1803 

729. Haynes Mrs., " and her grand- 

daughter." Kit-kat 1803 

46 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


730. Hazelhurst Mrs. Isaac. Head 1839 

731. Hazelhurst Miss, "now Mrs 

Ashurst." Bust 1831 

Lewis Richard Ashhurst (49) married Mary, daughter of 
Samuel Hazlehurst. 

732. Hazelhurst Mr. Bust 1835 

733. Hazelhurst Mrs., ''for her 

son. Codemned." Bust 1831 

734. Hazelhurst Mrs., ''the 2nd 

attempt.'' Bust 1831 

735. Hazelhurst Mrs. "Late. 

Copy from my own." Bust 1842 

736. Hazelton Mrs. Bust 1834 

737. Head Joseph. Bust 1807 

738. Henderson Mr., " near Norris- 

town." Kit-kat 1833 

739. Hendree Mrs. G., "hands." Bust 1815 

740. Hbndy Mrs., "of Boston." Bust 1844 

741. Henry Mrs. Bust 1811 

Mrs. Bernard Henry (1789-1876) was Mary Miller, daughter 
of Dr. Samuel Jackson and one of the three pocket Venuses 
mentioned in Saknagundi. This portrait did belong to 
Morton P. Henry, of Philadelphia. 

742. Henry Patrick, "from a 

miniature." Bust 1815 

This portrait of Patrick Henry (1736-1799) is not authentic, 
the miniature from which it was painted having been manu- 
factured from description and from portraits of Capt. James 
Ck)ok, the circumnavigator, whom Henry was supposed to 
resemble. It was engraved by W. S. Leney for the Ana- 
lectic Magazine and by E. Wellmore for the National Por- 
trait Qallery. 

48 Thomas SvHy's Register of PoHraUs, ISOl-lSll. 


765. HioTT Mrs., "deceased frm 

a sketch." Miniature 1802 

756. HisLOP Mr. Bust 1807 

757. HoBAN Mrs., "formerly Miss 

French of Washington." 24x20 1844 

758. HoDQKiN Dr. " From a Photo- 

graph. For the C. S." Head 1858 

Thomas Hodgkin (1798-1866), in the hall of Hist. Soc. of 

759. HodsonJohn. 12x10 1804 

760. Hoffman Georqe, "painted 

in Baltimore." Eit-kat 1820 

761. Hoffman Master. "Son of 

G. H." Head 1821 

762. Hoffman Mrs. Kit-kat 1807 

763. Hoffman Mrs., "for the 

Female Asylum." Kit-kat 1814 

764. Hoffman Mrs. David. Bust 1821 

765. Hoffman Mrs. George, "& 

chUd." Kit-kat 1821 

766. Hoffman Peter, "painted in 

Baltimore." Kit-kat 1820 

767. Hoffman Mrs. P. Kit-kat 1821 

768. Hoffman Mrs. Peter. Bust 1821 

769. Hogg Mr., "formerly of the 

Theatre." ' Bust 1807 

770. HoLBROOK Mrs., "of Charles- 

ton." Bust 1860 

Thomas Stdly's Register of PoHraiis, 1801-1871. 49 


771. HouDAT Mr. Bust 1858 

772. HoLLiDAT Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Gamble." Bust 1858 

773. HoLUNQSwoRTH Miss Ltdia, 

"for T B Morris." Bust 1823 

774. HoLUNGSwoRTH Sbn. Mr. 

Sam. Bust 1823 

775. Holmes John, "of the Bowl- 

ing Gr." Miniature 1804 

776. HoNQUA, "Chinese Merchant 

for Mr Cabot." Bust 1819 

777. HoNQUA, "full length in small, 

copy Wilcocks. " 26 x 19 1828 

778. Hood Mr., "of Missouri for 

Edinburgh." Head 1824 

779. Horner Dr. Head 1836 

William Edmonds Homer (1793-1853) was Flrofessor of 
Anatomy in the Univendty of Pennsylvania, 1831 to 1853. 

780. Hooper Miss, "for Mrs Mal- 

lon." Bust 1816 

781. Hopkins Bh., "of Vermont." Head 1835 

John Henry Hopkins (1792-1868), first Flrotestant Episcopal 
Bishop of Vermont, October 31, 1832. 

782. Hopkins Mr. Eit-kat 1813 

783. Hopkins Mrs. Miniature 1803 

784. HoPKiNBON Frank. Head 1834 

785. Hopkinson Mrs. Frank. Head 1834 

Was Miss Anne Biddle (1800-1863). Vide 119. 

786. Hopkinson Judge Joseph. Head 1832 


50 TJiomns Snllt/'s Register of Porlrails, 1801-1871. 


787. HopKiNsoM Judge Joseph, 

*' for Dartmouth College." Bust 1835 

Joseph HopkiTiJ^n (1770-1842), author of "Hail Columbia" 
and U. S. Judge for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania 
from 1828. Was President of the Pennsylvania Academy 
of the Fine Arts from 1813 to 1842. 786 was engraved by 
John Sartain and lithographed by A. Newsam. 

788. HopKiNsoN Mrs. J., '*a sub- 

scriber.'' Bust 1808 

Was Emily, daughter of Governor Thomas Mifflin. Mar- 
ried Joseph Hopkinst>n, February 27, 1794. Her portrait by 
Stuart is in the Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

789. HosAC Mrs. Dr., "& child of 

New York. ' ' Ki t-kat 1815 

790. HossAG Dr. D., *^of N. York." Kit-kat 1816 

David Hosaack (176§-1835), an eminent scientist and prac- 
titioner of medicine in New York. A pioneer n the study 
of Botany in America. Engraved by A. B, Durand* 

791. Houston Lady, "at Oat- 

ville, Trenton, N. Jersey.'* Bust 1819 

Vide Woodrough (1903 and 1904). 

792. Howard Col,, "after Peale, 

for Maryland Sc.*' Bust 1834 

John Eager Howard (1752-1827), Covenior of Marj^land, 
I78*j-I7*)2,and U.S. Sen at^^r, 171)6-1^3. He married ^* Peggy," 
daughter of Ch, Ju»t* Chew, who was so much adniired by 
Major Andr^. Owned by Maryland Historical Society, 

793. Howard Miss Juliet, **for 

MrsRawle." Head 1837 

794. Howard Mrs. Benjamin, 

*' painted in Baltimore.'' Bust 1820 

795. Howard Mrs. B., "alteration 

of her portrait of 1820," Bust 1834 

Mrs. Benjamin Chew Howard was Jane Grant Gilmore, 
sister of 625, 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 51 


796. HowellCol.," of New Jersey." Kit-kat 1813 

797. Howell Col., "of N. Jersey 

from a sketch begun of 

him in 1812 for his son." Bust 1818 

798. Howell Miss F. Bust 1808 

799. Howell Miss Nanny, " daugh- 

ter of Mr H." Head 1856 

800. Howell Mrs. B., " the mother 

of B. H." Bust 1813 

801. Howell Mbs. B., "A her two 

children." Kit-kat 1814 

802. Howell Mrs. B. "From a 

Daugerreotype. ' ' Bust 1855 

803. Howell Senr. Mrs. " For Mrs 

Jones Copy No 2." Bust 1855 

804. Howell Mrs., "deceased. 3d 

copy for her son Joshua." Bust 1855 

805. Howell Mrs., "deceased 4th 

copy for B P How." Bust 1855 

806. Howell Mrs., "5th copy for 

her daughter of Kingston. " Bust 1855 

807. Hubble Ferdinand. "Late. 

from Conaroe." Bust 1858 

Ferdinand Wakeman Hubbell (1800-1852) was a prominent 
lawyer. This portrait belongs to the Law Association of 

808. Hudson Dr., "dentist for 

Strainer." Bust 1824 

809. Hudson Dr. "Dentist for 

Chinnery." Head 1828 

810. Hudson E. "Dentist." Bust 1810 

62 Thomas SuUy's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


811. Hudson E., ''deceased, copy 

forChinnery." Head 1841 

812. Hudson Mrs. Bust 1814 

813. Hudson Mrs., "for Mr Train- 

er of N. York." Bust 1824 

814. Hughes Master Mact, "son 

of Capt Hughes T E." Head 1844 

816. Hughes Megqt, "for her 

adopted mother.'' Whole length 1827 

816. Hughes Mrs., "for her sister 

in England." Bust 1831 

817. Hughs Mrs. "Mother of." 10x8 1824 

818. HuNDiGE Mrs. E., "deceased 

from a Min*."—" Handy." Bust 1842 

819. Hunt Mrs. S. W. "Copy of 

miniatiure for her father." 27 x 23 1852 

820. Hunter, "the celebrated anat- 

omist. Copy from Leslie." 24x20 1863 

John Hunter (1728-1793), whose portrait by Reynolds is 
one of that punter's most noted portraits. Leslie's copy 
was doubtless what Sully copied. 

821. Hurley Mr., "Roman Cath- 

oUc Priest." Bust 1810 

822. Hurley Rbvd., "of St. Au- 

gustine's Church." Kit-kat 1813 

823. HusTiCK Mrs., "for Mr. 

Harris." Bust 1828 

824. Hutchinson Mrs. Pemberton. 

"Miss Hare." Bust 1840 

Margaretta Hare (1810-1849), daughter of 710, married 
Israel Pemberton Hutchinson, April 28, 1831. The por- 
trait did belong to Charles Hare Hutchinson. 

Thomas Sully 8 Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 63 


825. Inqersol Mrs. Charlzs. Bust 

828. Inqersol Mrs, ''Copy of the 

foregoing," Bust 



827, Ingersoll Mrs. C, "copied 

from one done in 1808/' Head 1842 

Mary Wikocks (1784-^1862), sister of 1870, married Cbarlas 
Jar^ Ingersoll, October 18, 1804. 827 is owned by Miae Ann 
IngeraoU Meigs, Philadelphia. 

828. Ingersoll Junr, Chas.^ "for 

his son." Bust 

829. Ingersoll Junr. Chas., "for 

B. Wikocks." Kit-kat 




Charles Ingersoll (1805-1882) was a son of 825 and his por^ 
trait, 829, is owned by his daughter, Mrs. James H. Hutch- 
inson, Philadelphia. Sully painted a portrait of his father, 
the Hon. Chas. J. Ingersoll, in 1838, which did belong to Mrs. 
Harry Ingersoll and is not in the Register, unless 828 is a 
wrong entry for it, as it probably is^ Charles IngersoU^ 
"Junr./* not having had any son. 

Ingersoll Mrs. Charles, 

"for B. Wilcocks." Kit-kat 1841 

Susan Catherine, daughter of Gen. Brown, of Tenn., and wife 
of 829. Owned by Mrs. J, Moylan Thomas, Philadelphia. 
Vide 207. 

831. Ingersoll Mrs. Ed., "for- 

merly Miss Brinton*" Bust 

832. Ingersoll Mrs. Harry, "for 

B. Wilcocks." Kitrkat 



833. Ingersoll Miss Mary, "for 
Jos. Ingersoll Esq. Present 

Mrs McCall." Kit-kat 1844 

This entry should undoubtedly be "Miss Mary Wilcocks," 
the niece and adopted daughter of Joseph R. Ingersoll, who 

64 Thonuis Sully's Register of Portraits, 1SQ1-1S7U 


married Kirk Boott Wells* Her sister Charlotte Manigault 
married Harry MfCalL Sully also painted a iwrtrait of 
Joseph R. IngereoO, owned by the Law Aflsoriation of Phiia- 
delphia» which is not in the register. 

834. Ingraham Mrs, Ed,^ "for 

Lawyer Ingraham.*' Head 1830 

835. Ingraham Mrs, Ed., "for Mrs 

Barney/' Head 1836 

Mrs. Edward Dufiield Ingrahaoi, wife of the noted wit and 
book collector, of Philadelpbia. 

836. Inman» "in exchange for one 

painted of me." 24 3r20 1837 

Henry Inman (1801-1846) was a weU known painter whose 
work was very uncriual, some of his portraits l^eing extremely 
fine, eapocially of old men, and some of his genre paintings 
were exquisitely renderecL On the other hand many of his 
portraits are cold, hard, stiff and most imsatisfactory. In- 
man 's portrait of Sully belongs to the PeTuisylvania Academy 
of the Fine Arts. 

837. Inskeep Mr. Bust 1810 

John loakeep (1757-1834) was a member of the well known 
publishing house of Bradford and Insk(K*p, Philadelphiii, 
and he was also Mayor of the latter city, 

838. Irving W. "Partly from 

memory. Hints from a 

portrnit in Harper's 

Weekly/^ 30x25 1S70 

Washington Irving (1783-1859) is too weO known to require 
more mention than his name* 



IsRiAL Me., 

IsRAiL Mrs,, 

" hands tntro- 

" for her son. 



841. Israel Mrs., "began to re- 
touch a copy by Ellen/' Bust 1836 
Observ^e the three different sj>eUing8 of the same name in 
839, 840 and 841. "Ellen" was Sully's daughter, afterward 
Mrs. Wheeler. 

Thomas Stdljf's Register of PoHraiis, 1801-1871. 55 


842. Ives Mrs. Hope, ''for her son 

R Ives." Kit-kat 1847 

843. Ives Mrs. R., ''painted at 

Providence." Kit-kat 1847 

844. Izard General, "father. 

whole length from West." Kit-kat 1818 

Ralph Ixard (1742-1804) was the father of General Geoi^ge 
Ixard, U. S. Army. West painted his whole length portrait 
in a group of his college chums, which now belongs to The 
Brook Club, New York. 

845. Izard Mrs. Rosa, "for Mrs 

Pinckney." Head 1842 


846. Jackson Dr. S., "for Dr 

Gibbes of Columbia S. C." Head 1845 

847. Jackson Dr., "for his wife. 

Ordered by Dr. Gibbes." Head 1845 

As there were two Doctor Samuel Jackson's in Philadelphia 
at the same time it is impossible to identify this one. 

848. Jackson Gen. "Drawing for 

a Medal." 6x6 1817 

849. Jackson Genl. " Design for a 

Medal ordered by Congress 

being the 2nd." lOx 12 1822 

February 27, 1816, Congress ordered a medal for General 
Jackson for the battle of New Orleans. 

860. Jackson General, "of Ten- 
nessee." Bust 1819 

851. Jackson General, "for 'So- 
ciety of American Artists'." Half-length 1819 
Engraved by James B. Longacre and published Nov. 2, 1820. 

66 Thomas BvU^a Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


852. Jackson Gbnbral, ''for Mr 

Loyd.'' 9 X 7 in. 1829 

Owned by the Hiitorical Sodety of Pennsylvania. 

853. Jackson Gbnl., ''whole 

length." 8 ft. X 5 ft. 1845 

Owned by the Corcoran Qallery of Art, Washington, D. C. 

854. Jackson Gbnl., "from a 

study from him in 1824." 24 x 20 1845 

This study is not entered in the Register under 1824. Vide 
983 n. 

855. Jackson Gbnl. " Ex. Pt. U. S. 

copy from a former P." Head 1845 

856. Jackson, "from a Study I 

painted in 1819." Bust 1857 

857. Jackson Gbnbral, "copy for 

Edwin Forrest Esq." Bust 1858 

Owned by the Forrest Home, Holmesburg, Philadelphia. 

858. Jackson Gbnbral, "small 

whole length from a 

sketch." 25 x 16^ 1870 

'N^de "life Portraits of Andrew Jackson" by Charles Henry 
Hart, MeClwre's Magcunne, July, 1897, p. 801. 

859. Jackson liCiss Mart, " a sub- 

scriber." Bust 1808 

This was very probably 741 before her marriage to Mr. Henry. 

860. Jackson John, "for Mrs 

Kirkman." Bust 1819 

Owned by Ifiss Ellen R. Hunt, Louisville, Kentucky. 

861. Jackson liCiss, " deceased from 

a pencil sketch." Bust 1822 

862. Jackson Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Grant of Bait." Bust 1818 

Thomas Sulhfs Begirier of PortraUs, 1801-1871. 67 


863. Jackson Mr., ''husband of 

the aforementioned." 




Jackson Mb. P., "from New 





Jackson Mbs., "for Dr Jack- 





Jackson Washington, "Mrs. 

Kirkman's brother." 



Tide 860 and 954. 


Jacobs Mb. S., "of Rich- 





Jacobs Mbs., "of Rich'd. 

hand introduced." 




Janet Mbs., "of Baltimore 

for Mrs Merrefield." 



Vide 1184. 


Janewat Miss, "the late. 

For her parents." 




Janewat Mbs. "For one of 

a group of 5 Heads." 




Janewat Rbvd. Db., "for 

Mrs Kane." 



873. Janewat Dr., "copy from 

my portrait of him in 

1839." Bust 1853 

Jacob Jones Janeway (1774-1858) was a prominent Pres- 
byterian minister connected with Rutgers and Princeton Col- 
l^;es in New Jersey. 

874. Janbway Rev'd. "Copy No. 

2." Bust 1867 

58 Thomas SuUy's Register of PoHraits, 1801-1871. 


876. Janeway Rev'd. "Copy No. 

3." Bust 1837 

876. Janeway Rev'd. "Copy No. 

4." Bust 1857 

877. Janeway Rev'd. "Copy No. 

6." Bust 1857 

878. Janney Miss, "of Baltimore. 

For Mr Heath." Kit-kat 1844 

879. Jaudon Samuel, "for Coper- 

twait." Bust 1837 

Painted in London. Cashier of the Bank of the United 
States, and Coperthwait was Assistant Cashier. 

880. Jaudon, "copy begun by Tom." 30x35 1839 

881. Jefferson Thos. "His Excel. 

Ex Presd. U. S. painted 
at his seat Monticello. " Bust 1821 

This fine portrait, endorsed by Sully "From Jefferson 1821. 
Completed 1830" is owned by the American Philosophical 
Society at Philadelphia. 

882. Jefferson. "Small whole 

length as a study." 29x18 1822 

883. Jefferson Thos. "Whole 

length of the Ex Presd 
for the Military Academy 
West Point. " 103 x 67 1822 

The head in this is from 881. It has been engraved by J. 
A. J. Wilcox and is in the Military Academy at West Point. 


884. Jefferson. "For Mr E 

Forrest. A copy." Bust 1856 

Owned by the Forrest Home, Holmesburg, Pa. 

Thomas Stilly 8 Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 59 


886. Jefferson. "For myself. 

Second copy." Bust 1856 

884 and 885 are copies of 881. Vide '' Life Portraits of Thomas 
Jefferson/' by Charles Henry Hart, McClure's Magazine^ May, 

886. Jbnks Mr., "for Dr. Kirk- 

bride." Bust 1843 

Joseph R. Jenks, owned by Dr. Stacy B. Collins, N. Y. 

887. Jennings Mrs. Miniature 1803 

888. Johnson Mrs. Reverdt. 

" Painted at Baltimore. ' ' Whole length 1840 

889. Johnston David. Miniature 1804 

890. Johnston Master, " 19 months 

old. Gilpin." 30x25 1841 

William S. Johnston, grandson of Mrs. Henry D. Gilpin, 
who was first Mrs. Josiah Stoddard Johnston. 

891. Johnston Mr. Bust 1808 

892. Johnston Mr., " a copy of the 

first." Head 1808 

Sully painted a portrait of William Royal Johnston, owned 
by Stitson Hutchins, New York. 

893. Mrs. Johnston, ''deceased by 

description. ' ' Miniature 1803 

894. Johnston Mrs. ''Ganet & 

Johnston." Kit-kat J813 

895. Johnston Mrs., ''deceased 

from a profile Savannah." Bust 1819 

896. Johnston Robert. 12 x 10 1804 

897. Johnston Mrs. R. 12 x 10 1805 

60 Thomas SuUy's Register of PoHraits, ISOl-lSll. 


898. JoNBS Capt. J. ''For a Medal 

ordered by Congress." Head 1816 

CoDgress by resolution of Jan. 29, 1813, ordered a medal 
for Captain Jacob Jones for the capture of the British sloop- 
of-war Frolic on the 20th October, 1812. 

899. JoNss Capt. J., ''for Delaware 

State." Bust 1817 

Jacob Jones (1768-1850) was a native of Delaware, studied 
medicine, entered the Navy in 1799, conmianded The 
Wasp at the opening of the war, capturing the Frolic^ for 
whiidi 898 was presented to him. In the State Capitol, 
Dover, Delaware. 

900. Jones Mr. 



901. JoNBS Mas. David. 



902. JoNBS HoNBiiE, "for 


Morton Esq." Bust 1807 

903. Jones Isaac, "for his son B. 

Jones." Head 1829 

904. Jones Mrs., "formerly Mrs 

Grinnel." Head 1853 

905. Jones Mrs., "Mr. Irvine's 

sister-in-law." Head 1858 

906. Jones Mrs. "From a Photo- 

graph. For Mrs Fitz- 
gerald." Head 1860 

907. Jones W. W., "a fellow 

boarder at the 'Powhat- 

tan'." Head 1861 

908. Jordan G. N., "of Tabula, 

in Yazoo Co. Miss." Head 1855 

909. Jordan liCiss Mart, " deceased 

from a Phon." Head 1855 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 61 


910. JoTNB Miss, ''grand-daughter 

to Miss May." Head 1858 

911. JuNKiN Mrs., "of the neigh- 

borhood of Richd. Va." Head 1855 

General Stonewall Jackson had a sister Mrs. Junkin. 

912. Eanb John K. Bust 1836 

913. Kane Judob, " a copy for the 

Musical Fund.'' Bust 1861 

John EintsiDg Kane (1795-1858) was Judge of the U. S. 
District Court at Philadelphia and father of Dr. Elisha Kent 
Kane, the Arctic explorer. 

914. Kane Mrs. J. K, "in the cos- 

tume of 'Mary'." Bust 1832 

Was Jane Duval Leiper and her portrait by Sully, as also 
that of her husband, was reproduced in The Century, vol. 
34, p. 489. 

915. Keim Miss, "for her intended 

Dr WetheriU." Head 1855 

916. Kemble Chs. "Tragedian. 

self." Head 1832 

917. Kemble C, "as Fazio for Mrs 

Ford." Head 1833 

918. Kemble C, "as Fazio. Copied 

from a former work." Bust 1865 

Charles Kemble (1775-1854), an eminent actor and brother 
of Mrs. Siddons and of John Philip Kemble and father of 
Fanny Kemble, Mrs. Pierce Butler. 917 was presented to 
the Penna. Academy of Fine Arts by Mrs. John Ford. 

919. Kemble Miss Fanny, "from 

recollection. Childs." Head 1832 

Lithographed by Newsam for Childs and Inman, 1833. 

62 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


920. Kemble Miss Fanny, "as Ju- 

liet recollection. Sketch." Head 1832 

921. Kemble Miss, "as Bianca for 

Mrs Ford." Head 1833 

922. Kemble Miss, "as Bianco. 

(Copied from a former." Bust 1865 

923. Kemble F., "as Julia for Miss 

North." Head 1833 

924. Kemble F., "as Lady Mac- 

beath— self. Erased." Bust 1833 

925. Kemble F., "as Beatrice for 

E Carey." Bust 1833 

926. Kemble F. A., "for myself." Head 1833 

927. Kemble F., "for Pierce But- 

ler." Kit-kat 1834 

928. Kemble F., "copy to acc'y 

her to England." Kit-kat 1834 

Frances Ann Kemble (1809-1893), commonly called "Fanny 
Kemble," was daughter of 916 and came with him to this 
country in 1832, with whom she played in the principal 
cities of the country for two years, until her marriage to 
Pierce Butler, June 7, 1834, from whom she was divorced 
in 1848. 921 and 925 are owned by the Penna. Academy 
of Fine Arts, the latter was beautifully engraved by John 

929. Kemble Gouvenir, "copy 

from a miniature." Head 1839 

Gouvemeur Kemble (1786-1875) was the intimate friend of 
Washington Irving, the brother-in-law of James K. Pauld- 
ing, and General Scott said "the most perfect gentleman in 
the United States." 

930. Kemble John, "as Richard 

III. Copied from Stuart." 21 x 16 1867 

84 Thomaa Sully's Register of Portraits, ISOl-lSrL 

NAME ma 

942. Kingsbury Major, "for Mrs. 

Buckner/* Bust 

943. Kingsbury Mrs. "This & 

the foregoing from Daugs.*' Bust 

944. Kingston Miss Harriott. Kit-kat 

945. Kingston Mibs^ "the second 

attempt." Bust 

946. Kingston Steven, Kit-kat 



947, Kinzing Mrs., "painted in 

wax as foregoing/' Kit-kat 1812 

The foregoing was portrait of "Tom and Jane [Sully] with 
Ildde," 1M4. 

948* Kinzing Mrs., "second por- 
trait." Kit-kat 1812 

949. Kinzing Senr. Mr. Kit-kat 1815 

950. Kinzing Senr. Mr. "Two 

copies of Mr Kin zing's 

portrait." Bust 1815 

947 and 949 are doubtless the portraits of Mr. and Mrs. 
Abraham Kintzing of Philadelphia, wliieh were exhibited 
at the Hbtorical Portrait Exhibition at the Penna. Academy 
of Fine Arta, 1887-88, then owned by Mr. Henry Pratt Kint- 
zing, and ascribed to Gilbert Stuart. They were subse- 
quently offered to the Academy as a gift, as portraiU by Stuart, 
when the writer was Chairman of the Exhibition Committee 
and rcfuBed as he was of the opinion they were not by Stuart. 
Abraham Kintzing was a merchant of the firm of Pratt and 
Kintsing and Mrs. Kintzing was Margaret Harbeson. 

96L Kip Bh.," of California. Taken 

from a Photograph." 24 x 20 1863 

William Ingrabam Kip (1811-1893) was first Protestant 
Episcopal Bishop of California and considered the hand- 
somest man in the house of Bishops. He was much inter- 
ested in art and had a fine collection of paintings which were 
acquired by the Mark Hopkins gallery and destroyed in the 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871, 65 


San Francisco Earthquake of 1906* Among them were 
Stuart's portrait of Mrs. Jamee Greenleaf and Vanderlyn'a 
Mariua, the picture that was medalled by Napoleon personally. 

962, KiRKMAN Miss/* of Nashville/' Kit-kat 

953. EiRKMAN Mr. Bust 



Bust 1817 

Owned by Mrs. A, D. Hunt| Louisyillei 

954. EiHKMAN Mrs. 

Vide 860 and 866. 

955. KiTTERA Mr. "Lawyer.'* Kit-kat 1825 

Thomas Kittera (1789-1839) graduated University of Penn- 
sylvania, 1805, was Attorney General of Penna., 1817-18, 
and member of Congress, 1826-27. 

956. Elapp Dr. Kit-kat 1814 
967. Klapp Mrs. Kit-kat 1814 

958. Kj^ease Mr., ''deceased for 

his son.*' Head 1841 

At the exhibition of the Artist Fund Society, Philadelphia, 
in 1841, a portrait of William Kneass by Sully was exhibited 
by S. H. Kneass. William Kneass was an engraver. 

959. Knease Mrs., "wife of the 

Engineer.^' Bust 1839 

Strickland Kneass was a prominent civil engineer in Phila- 

960. Knecht Mr., "for the Corn 

Exchange." Kit-kat 1862 

96L Knecht Mrs. "To match 

her husband's port." Kit-kat 1863 

962. Knoor Mrs., "for her aunt 

Miss Gilbert." Bust 1859 

963. Knox General, **from a 

mJniature^ — also sketch.*' Head 1824 

Henry Knox (1750-1806), a Major General of Artillery in 
the Revolutionary War and Secretary of War in Washing- 
ton's cabinet. The only miniature painted by Gilbert Stuart 
was one of General Knox. 
VOL, xxxin. — ^5 

66 Thomas SuHy'a Begister of PoHraUs, 1801-1871. 


964. EocH Gerard, ''outline from 

Peale for Tom." Eit-kat 1833 

965. EoGH Mrs., copied from R. 

Peale for Meschert." Eit-kat 1834 

966. EoECKBR L. ''Dentist." Eit-kat 1818 

967. EoECKBR Mrs., "began last 

spring." Eit-kat 1820 

968. EoBCKBR Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Dunant." Head 1822 

969. EoEGKER Mrs. L., "pre- 

sented." Head 1850 

Louisa Melixet, wife of Leonard R. Koecker, dentist, of 

970. Erumbauqh Mr. Head 1813 

971. Erumbauqh Mrs. Head 1813 

972. Erumbar Mr. " From a Port. 

by R. Peale." Bust 1864 

The proper speUing of 970-^72 is doubtless "Krumbhaar." 

973. EuHL Mr., "or Ehul, Presd 

Bank N. A." Bust 1829 

Henry Kuhl (1764-1856) was never Plnesident of the Bank 
of North America but was Assistant Cashier of the Bank 
of the United States. 

974. EuhlMrs. Bust 1829 

Deborah (1772-1853), daughter of Michael HiUegas, first 
Treasurer of the United States, wife of 973. 

976. EuHN EuzH., " daughter Hart- 
man Euhn." Head 1829 

976. Euhn Hartman. Bust 1829 

Thomas Svll^s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 67 




977. KusENBERG Mr. "He recom- 
mended Pullman.'* Kitrkat 

978. KusENBERQ Mrs. "To go to 

Germany." Kit-kat 


979, La Bruce Mas, Head 

980. La Comb Mr. "Infant of. 



981. La Fayette Gen., ''a small 

whole length as a study." 30 x 24 
Owned by Arthur Church, Philadelphia. 

982. La Fayette Gen., "size life — 

painted by subscription," Whole length 





983. La Fayette Gen., " for Colon- 
ization So'y." 22§xl9i 1845 

Gilbert Metier de La Fayette (1757-1834) made his farewell 
visit to and tour through this country in 1824-25, arriving 
August 15, 1824, and departing Sept. 7, 1825. He was in 
Philadelphia from Sept. 28 to Oct, 5th, 1824, and again 
from July 18 to 21, 1825, and Sully made a study of his 
head while in Philaddphia during the first visit, which orig- 
inal study, signed and dated 1824, is owned by Herbert 
Welsh, Esq,, of Germantown. This important study ia not 
entered in the Register, which may be accounted for by 
a note under that year, '*Some studies for other pictures 
are begun, but not registered.'* The subscriptions for 982 
failed and the portrait, which was not ^shed until 1833, was 
left on Sully's hands. He subsequently presented it to the 
Pa. Academy of the Fine Arts and that institution later, 
with the artist's consent, transferred it to the city of Phila- 
delphia in exchange for W^t's painting of Paul and 
Barnabas which had been bequeathed to the City, and thus 
982 finally reached the destination originally intended for it 
and it hangs in the old State House. It is one of Sully's 
fine works. 983 ia in hall of Hiat. Soc. of Penna. 


Thomas SuUtf's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 1^^| 



LaFevre Dr. "Tbe child of, ^| 

and his favorite Dog/' 24x20 1852 ^| 


Lamb Thomas, ''for his ^| 

mother/' Bust 1831 ^| 

Owned by H. A. Lamb, New York« ^| 


Lambdin Mk.^ ''my pupil/' Bust 1824 ^H 

James Head Lambdin (1S07-I8S9) waa a portrait painter ^^H 

of Philadelphia, who pamied many notable local portraite. ^H 

He was born in Pittsburg and came to Philadelphia at the age ^H 

of sixteen and studied under Sully for three years. Owned ^H 

by Dr. Alfred C. Lamlxlin^ Philadelphia. ^H 


Lambert Miss, "of N. York." Boat 1814 H 


LaMotteMr. Kii-kai 1812 H 


Lardner Mrs., "formerly ^H 

Misa Hoppy.'' 24x20 1840 H 

Esther Hoppin (181&-1905) of Providence, R. L, married ^H 

Alexander Lardner, of Philadelphia. Owned by Mrs. laaao ^H 

Starr, Philadelphia. ^H 


Latrobe Mr. "For the Col- ^H 

onization Soc. Preaented. " 30 x 25 1862 ^H 

John Haslehurst Boneval Latrobe (1803-1891) was an emi- ^H 

neni lawyer of Baltimore and President of the Maryland ^H 

Historical Society. In hall of Hist. Soc. of Penna. ^^| 


Landman Mrs. "Mr Land- j 

man's late wife. From a ^Jk 

Daugerreot>'pe/' Head 1853 ^H 


Lawrence Dr. Bust 1813 ^H 

John Lawrence (1747-1830), Princeton A. B,, 1764; Phila- ^H 

delphia M. D., 1768. Owned by Miss Mary H. Penington, ^H 

Philadelphia. ^^| 


Lawrence Miss A. Bust 1807 ^H 


Lawrence Miss A. Bust 1808 ^H 

Annie Lawrence married George Wright Hawkes. Owned ^H 

by G. McDougall Hawkes, New York. ^H 


Lawrence Mrs., "of Mary- ^H 

land. For^s son/' Bust 1850 ^M 

Thomas 8ully*s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 69 


996. La WHENCE Sir T., "copy for 

myself." Head 1830 

997. Lea Lieut. U. S. N., "for F P 

Blair of Washington." Head 1845 

Samuel Philips LeQ (1812-1897) of Virginia, grandson of 
Richard Henry Lee, entered the navy in 1825 and during the 
war of the Rebellion was actively engaged on the Union side, 
receiving a vote of Congress for his services. He married 
a daughter of 157, possibly 156. 

998. Lea Mrs., "copy from a 

former portrait." Head 1835 

There is no "former portrait" of 998 in the Register, under 
the name of Lea ; posably 156. 

999. Le ALAND Dr., " of Charleston 

SC." Bust 1814 

1000. Legarb Hugh, " from a mini- 

ature." Bust 1846 

Hugh Swinton Legar6 (1789-1843), Attorney General of South 
Carolina during the nullification fever, when he supported 
the Union, and Attorney General of the United States in 
Tyler's cabinet. 

1001. Leaming Miss, "a sub- 

scriber." Bust 1808 

1002. Leaming Mr., " a subscriber." Bust 1809 

1003. LsDYARD Miss, "for Mrs 

Vanderkemp." Head 1834 

1004. Lee Mrs., "for her brother 

Capt. Boyce." Head 1828 

1006. Lee Rev., " a • clergyman 

deceased. For Mrs Lee." Head 1848 

1006. Lee Mrs., " companion portr. 

to Revd. Lee. " 24 x 20 1848 

1007. Lee Mrs. Josiah. Eit-kat 1863 

70 Thomas Stdl^s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1008. Leeman Mrs., ''for her 

daughter Mrs Smith." Bust 1832 

1008 should doubtless be spelled ''Learning/' as Miss 
Learning married Dr. H. H. Smith. 

1009. Leiper Miss, "for J. E 

Kane." Bust 1836 

Vide 912 to 914. 

1010. LeRoy J. B., "my brother 

inlaw." Eit-kat 1807 

1011. LeRot J. B. Bust 1814 

1012. Lb Rot Mrs. J. B., "my 

sister." Bust 1807 

1013. Le Roy Jane, " copied for 

my sister Betsy." Bust 1815 

1014. Le Roy Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Gardette." Bust 1817 

1016. Leslie Capt. T., "at West 

Point." Head 1829 

1016. Leslie Capt., "copy for 

Charles LesUe." Head 1829 

Thomas Jefferson Leslie (1796-1874) was a brother of 
Charles Robert Leslie, the painter to whom Sully gave his 
first instruction in the art, as he enters in his Roister, 
October 4, 1811, ''Study of an Old Man's Head in the 
style of Rembrandt to instruct Charles Leslie in the man- 
agement of oil colours." He was graduated at West Point 
Military Academy in 1815 and in 1865 was brevetted colonel 
and brigadier general for faithful performance of duty 
during a continuous period of fifty years service. 

1017. Leslie E., " for Mr Godey. " Kit-kat 1844 

Eliza Leslie (1787-1858) was sister of 1015, and was the 
author of the famous cookery book bearing her name. 
1017 was beautifully engraved by John Cheney for Godey 's 
Lady's Book, January, 1846, and is owned by the Penna. 
Acad, of Fine Arts. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 71 


1018. LeSUE Elf&CA & ADELAIDE & 

Virginia Gary. '' For 

Henry Gary." Kit-kat 




Adelaide ako 

' copy for H* 

Leslie Miss 

Emma, ' 

Garey." Bust 1855 

273 marrted a sister of 101 5» and 1018 and 1019 were the 
children of 1015, Henry Charles Carey was a brother of 

1020. Leslie Miss, '^of Alabama. 
For Miss Grelaud." 



102L Lesub Mrs. T. *■ During my 

stay at W. P/' Head 1829 

The wife of 1015* 

SuUy also painted a portrait of Mrs. Robert Leslie, the 
mother of 1015 and 1017, which is not in the Heater, 
as shown from the following extract from a letter from 
Charles Robert Leslie to Sully, dated London, August 9, 
1816- **1 received some time ago your very acceptable 
present of my Mother's portrait, for which I return you 
m)' warmest thanks, I do not think the hkeness could 
be better, excepting that it appears rather too young for 
my mother. It has a double value in my estimation which 
places it above everytliing else 1 possess on account of the 
svbject and the giver J' 

1022. Leutze Mrs., "for her son 

at Dusseldorf." Bust 1844 

Emanuel Leutze (1816-1868), history paints, was born in 
Gmund, Wurttemberg, but came to America with his pa- 
rentd at a very early age and showing a bent for art was sent 
to Dusseldorf in 1841 to study under Lessing. He became 
a history painter and his Washington Crossing the Ddaware 
is in the Metropolitan Museum, New York* 

1023. Levy Miss Henrietta, 
** hands." 

10 X 12 


1024. Levy Mis8 Martha. Sm. three-quarter 1810 

1025, Levy S,, "a subscriber/' Bust 1808 

72 Thomas Svlly'a Register of PoHraita, 1801-1871. 


1026. Lett Mrs. Sansom, ''a sub- 

scriber." Bust 1808 

1027. Levy Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Yates of Liverl." Head 1842 

1028. Lewis Gou\ Eit-kat 1807 

William Lewis (d. 1815) entered the U. S. Navy in 1802, 
was Lieutenant in 1807 and was lost on the Epervier. This 
was Sully's first Kit-kat for which he was paid S70. It 
was b^gun Jan. 6, and finished June 6. 

1029. Lewis Com". "Father. Copied 

from Copley." Half-length 1807 

This was Sully's first SlOO picture. 

1030. Lewis J. "Painted in 

Charleston for Misses 

AnaUy." 26x30 1846 

1031. Lewis J. D., "copied from 

one painted in Russia." Bust 1820 

1031 was of John Delaware Lewis, brother of 1036. 

1032. Lewis J. W., "in exchange 

for my 1st." Head 1829 

1033. Lewis Miss Ann. "Study for 

a large picture." Head 1810 

1034. Lewis Mrs. Mordecai, "for 

Mrs Fisher, her daugh- 
ter." Head 1843 

1035. Lewis Mr. J. R. Bust 1809 

1036. Lewis Mr. Wm. D. Bust 1820 

1037. Lewis Mr. Wm. D., "copy of 

the foregoing." Bust 1820 

1036-1037 were of William David Lewis (1792-1881), 
brother of 1031, who was private secretary to Henry Clay, 
and accompanied him to Great Britain when he went in 
1815 as Peace Commissioner. Collector of the Port of 
Philadelphia, 1851. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 78 


1038. Lewis Mrs. ''For Bfrs Dr 

Cox her mother.'' Head 1832 

Mrs. EleancM' Parke Custis Lewis of Hobokeiii N. J. Vide 

1039. Lewis Mrs., "for her hus- 

band.'' Bust 1842 

1040. Lewis Mrs. Reeve, ''a sub- 

scriber." Bust 1808 

1041. Lewis Mrs. S., ''and her 

infant." Eit-kat 1811 

1042. Lewis Mrs. Saml. Bust 1810 

1043. Lewis Mrs. 8., "mother of 

Reeve Lewis." Kit-kat 1813 

1044. Lewis Mrs. W. D., "Miss 

Laypoole." Head 1829 

Sarah Claypoole (1801-1870) married William D. Lewis 
(1036), June 23, 1825. 

1046. Lewis R. "Lifant, whole 

length study." Bust 1810 

1046. Lewis R., "3rd child. Study 

for a large picture." Head 1810 

1047. Lewis Reeve, "a sub- 

scriber." Bust 1808 

1048. Lewis Saml., "copied from 

R Peale." Bust 1809 

1049. Lewis Susannah, "daughter 

of R Lewis." Head 1810 

1050. Lincoln Ex Pres., "de- 

ceased from a photo- 
graph." Head 1865 

74 Thamaa Stdlff's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 

nams 8izb dat! 

1061. Lincoln Prest. and Son. 

''From a photograph." Eit-kat 1866 

1062. Lincoln Pbsb. ''From a 

Photograph. " 30 x 26 1868 

1053. Lindsay Mr. Robert M. 24x20 1871 

This was the last portrait painted by Sully and was fin- 
ished October 31, 1871. Vide Introduction, vol. xxxii, p. 394. 

1054. LiNQEN Mrs. Dr., "for pro- 

fessional services." Bust 1842 

Maria Oldmixon married Doctor George Lingen. Owned by 
Mrs. Alfred C Lambdin, Philadelphia. 

1056. Link Miss, "from a Daug. 

for her mother." Head 1856 

1056. Link Miss, "for her mother." Head 1858 

1057. LiNTiGUM Miss, "of George- 

town DC." Head 1855 

1068. LivBSLBT Mr., "of certain 

Mills on the Wisaccon." Head 1826 

1069. Livingston. "Copy of Rae- 

bums." Bust 1828 

The Wadsworth Athenaeum at Hartford, Conn., owns a 
portrait of Peter Van Brugh Livingston, by Sully, after 

1060. Livingston Miss, "of New 

York." Bust 1816 

1061. Livingston Miss Angelica, 

"of New York." Bust 1815 

1062. Livingston Mr. E., "de- 

ceased. Copy for Mrs 

Potter." Head 1848 

1063. Livingston Mrs. Montg., 

"deceased. From Da- 
guerreotype." Head 1848 

Thomas StMjf's Register of PoHraiU, 1801-1871. 75 


1064. LocKwooD Mr. ''From a 

Dagguerreotype- " 24 x 20 1860 

1065. Logan James. "Copy for 

Franklin Liby." Bust 1831 

James Logan (1664-1751) came to this country as Secre- 
tary to William Penn in 1699 and died at Stenton, his 
country place, where the portrait copied by Sully always 
hung and is believed to be from life. Sully's copy belongs 
to the Library Company of Philadelphia and was paid for 
by issuing a share of stock. 

1066. LoRTON Richard, " of Peters- 

burg. Artist." 12x10 1804 

1067. LowBER Mr. "Attorney at 

Law." Head 1822 

1068. LowBER Mrs., "formerly 

Miss F. Seargant." Head 1822 

1069. LowBER, "deceased for Sav- 

ing Fund." Bust 1834 

John C. Lowber (1789-1834), Third President of the Phila- 
delphia Saving Fund, to which institution 1069, which is a 
replica of 1067, belongs. 

1070. Lucas Miss Eliza, "of N. 

York for Mrs Berg." Head 1836 

1071. Lucas Mr., "a subscriber." Bust 1808 

1072. Lucas Mrs. Fielding, "of 

Baltimore." Kit-kat 1810 

1073. Ludlow Mart, "of Balti- 

more for Mr Towne." Head 1847 

1074. LuQENBBAT Dr., "for Col- 

onisation Society." 24x20 1864 

James Washington Lugenbeel (1819-1857), in hall of Hist. 
Soc. of Penna. 

76 Thomas Sully 8 Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1075. Lyman Genl., "put a Back 

gd & Drapery." 21x18 1828 

1076. Lyman Miss, "of Boston." Head 1855 

1077. Lyman Miss Susan, "of 

Northampton for Can- 
ton." 24x20 1844 

1078. Lyons Judge. Bust 1806 

1079. Lyons Mr. "Two chUdren 

separately." 12x10 1804 


1080. McAllister. "Optician 

Chestnut St." Bust 1830 

John McAllister, Jr. (1786-1877), was a well known local 
antiquary in Phila. and at the time of his death was the 
oldest living graduate of the Univ. of Pa. 

1081. McAllister Mrs., "wife of 

optician." Bust 1830 

Was Elisa Melville, daughter of William Young of Rock- 
land, Del. 

1082. McCalaster Miss, "for Mr 

Bacon Junr." Bust 1808 

Vide 64. 

1083. McCallaster Miss. Eit-kat 1812 

1084. McCall Miss Catherine, " a 

subscriber." Bust 1809 

1085. McCall Mrs., "of Chestnut 

St." Bust 1829 

Judith Kemble McCall (1743-1829), widow of Archibald 
McCall, resided at 308 Chestnut St. Her sister married 
the British General, Thomas Gage. 

1086. McCall Mrs., "copied from 

my painting." Bust 1830 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 77 


1087, McCall Mrs., "2nd copy 

from my picture." Bust 1830 

1088. McGall Mrs., "for her son 

Peter." Bust 1839 


McCalii Mbs. Pbtbr, ' 

'for P. 

McCaU Esq." 




McCallbstbb Miss. 




McCaluiont Mr. 




McCandless Mbs., 






McGaulbt Sbnb. Mr. 





1094. McCaw Doctor, " and lady 

separately. " 12 x 10 1804 

1096. MgClerq Walter. Miniature 1805 

1096. McClurb Mr., "for the Acad- 

emy of Natur. Scs." Bust 1826 

William liadure (1763-1840) was a Scotchman who came 
to this country and became an eminent naturalist and 
pioneer in American Geology. He was Preadent of the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, from 1818 until 
death. This portrait, which belongs to the Acad, of Nat- 
ural Sciences, was lithographed by Newsam. 

1097. McClurb Mr, "Attorney of 

Pittsburg." Head 1841 

1098. McClure Mrs., " of Pittsburg. 

formerly Collins." Head 1841 

1099. McCoNNELL Mrs., " and child. 

Poddy Savage. " 30 x 26 1843 

1100. McCoy Mr., "from New 

Orleans." Bust 1818 

T8 Thomas Svlh^s Register of Portraits. 1801-1871. 



llOL McCrba Master, "fuU 

length." Half-length 


1102. McCrea Mrs., ''of Camden 

for her sister." Head 


1103. McDonald Mrs. Bust 


1104. McDonald Mrs., "deceased. 

From a Daugerreotype." Eit-kat 1854 

1106. McDoNOUOH Com"., "for 

State Delaware." Bust 1815 

Thomas Macdonough (1783-1825) was bom in New Castle, 
Delaware, and entered the navy in 1800. He commanded 
the American fleet on Lake Champlain and on September 
11, 1814, won a decisive victory over the British fleet of 
superior force, for which he was promoted to a captaincy 
and awarded a gold medal by Congress. In the State 
Capitol at Dover, Delaware. 

1106. McDouGAL Gn. "A likeness 

from remembrance." Head 1811 

1107. McDouQAL QoRDON, "for his 

sister." Head 1829 

1108. McEuBN MissBS Mart and 

Emily. Half-length 1823 

1109. McEuBN Mary, "for Mrs. 

Emily Smith sister." Head 1826 

1110. McEuBN Mr. Chars., "for 

Mrs. Smith— sister." Head 1826 

Charles McEuen (1801-1857) graduated Univ. of Penna., 
1821. Vide 52. 

1111. McGruder Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Johnston. " 30 x 25 1852 

This name midoubtedly should be spelled "Magruder." 

1112. McIlvainb B. R. Head 1833 


Thomas StM^s Begider of Portraits, ISOl-lSll. 79 


1113. MgIlyainb Mbs. B. R., "of 

Kentucky, with foregoing 

forG. McI." Head 1833 

1114. MgIlyaine Henby. Bust 1836 

1115. MgIlyainb Mbs. H., ''de- 

ceased from Inman.'^ Bust 1834 

1116. MgIlyainb Mbs. H., ''begun 

by Inman." Head 1836 

1117. MgIlyaine Joseph, "for 

Princeton Ck)Uege." Head 1818 

1118. MgIlyaine, "from a picture 

painted formerly." Bust 1827 

1119. MgIlyaine Joseph, "for his 

mother.'' Head 1837 

Joseph McIlYaine (1768-1826) was bom in Bristol, Pa., 
and died in Burlington, N. J. He succeeded Samuel L. 
Southard in the United States Senate in 1823, and was the 
father of Bishop Charles Pettit Mcllvaine of Ohio. 

1120. MgIlyainb Miss Ellbn and 

Mabt. Bust 1834 

1121. McEeane Mbs., "for the 

Marquis de Rugua." Bust 1819 

Sarah Armitage (1747-1820) married Thomas McKean, 
Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Chief Justice 
and GoYemor of Penna., as his second wife, Sept. 3, 1774, 
and their daughter "Sally" married, April 10, 1798, the 
Marquis Casa dHTrujo, for whom 1121 was painted. This 
portrait is undoubtedly the one owned by their grandson, 
the Duke of Sotomayor, in Madrid, attributed to Stuart, 
an ascription I doubted from a photograph sent to me 
by its present owner. It is evidently an interesting and 
fine pictive by Sully. 

1122. MgEenzie Mbs. Miniature 1804 

80 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, ISOl-lSll. 


1123. McLain Dr., "for Coloniza- 

tion Soc. Portrait from a 

Photo." 24x20 1866 

William McLain (1806-1873), a Presbyterian dergyman, in 
hall of Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

1124. McLaughlin Mr. Frank. 30 x 25 1864 

1125. McLaughlin Mrs. Sally, 

''sister in law to Mc L." 30x25 1864 

1 126. McLauthg ALEN Mr. 25 x 30 1864 

1127. McLauthgalen Mrs. 25x30 1864 

1128. McLean Judge, ''for S. 

Richards, Mayor." Head 1831 

John McLean (1785-1861) was Postmaster General of the 
U. S., 1823, and Associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme 
Court, 1829 to 1861. This portrait, which is owned by the 
Penna. Acad, of the Fine Arts, was engraved by W. G. 
Armstrong for the Nat. Port. Crallery and lithographed by 
A. Newsam. 

1129. McMiCAL Mrs., "<& child for 

her father Mr Shaw." 30 x 25 1866 

1130. McMurtrib James. Bust 1808 

James McMurtrie (1784-1854) was one of the earliest patrons 
of art in this country as well as an amateur painter of some 

1 131. McMurtrie Mrs. James, " and 

child, whole length. " 54 x 45 1819 

Rebecca BfifiOm Harrison (1791-1870), daughter of Matthias 
Aspden Harrison of Phila., m. James McMurtrie (1130), 
June 4, 1812. 

1132. Macfarland Mrs., "& her 

daughter.'' 30x25 1849 

1133. Mackib Mr., "for E Hud- 

son." Bust 1817 

1134. Mackie Mrs., "for E Hud- 

son." Bust 1817 

Thomas Sulhjs Register of Porlraiis, 1801-1871. 81 


1135. Macomb Genbral, "for M. 

A. West Point/' Bust 1829 

Alexander Macomb (1782-1841) entered the army as cornet 
of cavalry in 1799 and at the opening of the war of 1812 
had attained the rank of lieutenant-colonel of engineers, 
succeeding Jacob Brown (207) in 1S35 as commander Ln 
chief of the army. This portrait, which is at the Military 
Academy at West Point, has been engraved by J. B. Longacre 
for the Nat. Port. GaUery, 

1136. Madison J., "Presd. U. S. 
painted at length re- 
duced." Bust 


This small whole length portrait of James Madison (1751- 
1836) was painted for David Edwin to engrave and is in 
the Corcoran Gallery of Artp Washington, D* C. The price 
was 1150, his highest price to this time. 

1137, Madison Ex Prbs., '*from 

Stuart for H S V." Bust 1856 

Owned by Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va. 

1138* Madison Mrs., "deceased. 

From a Daugerreot3rpe. " Head 

1139* Magruder ElIiENp ''daughter 

of Richard M.'* Bust 

1140* Magruder Ezekiah, "for his 

aunt," Bust 




1141, Malcolm Mr., "deceased 

from Miniature/' Head 1810 

A portrait of Angelica Malcolm (1792-1834), belonging to 
Mrs. George M, Coates of Philadelphia, is attributed to 
Sully as of about 1813. Her maiden and married names 
were the same* 

1142. Malcom Rev. Mr. Head 1864 

Howard Malcom (1799-18 ) was a baptist divine bora 
in Phila. and one of the founders of the American Tract 
Society and of the American Sunday School Union. 

82 Thomas Sully's Begister of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1143. Mallon Mrs. Bust 1812 

1144. Maniqault Capt. Kit-kat 1814 

Gabriel Henry Manigault (1788-1834) of South Carolina 
served on the staff of his relative Gen. George Izard, in 
in the war of 1812, with the rank of Captain. 

1145. Manigault Mr. C. Kit-kat 1817 

Charles Manigault (1795-1874), brother of ir44, was a mer- 
chant and collected some fine pictures, including one by 
Ronmey and another by AHgee Le Brun of Malibran singing, 
which were inherited by his son Dr. Gabriel Edward Mani- 
gault of Charleston, S. C, who disposed of them in London 
. for large prices. 

1146. Manbfibld Col., ''for West 

Point." Bust 1828 

Jared Mansfield (1759-1830) was professor of Natural 
Philosophy in the Military Academy, West Point, from 
1812 to 1818. 

1147. Markob Mrs. Head 1835 

1148. Marshall L. R. "Presd 

Branch B. U. S. Nat- 
chez." Bust 1834 

1149. Marshall L. R. "Copy to be 

worked on by Tom." Bust 1834 

1150. Mason Honblb John Y., 

"finished the Sketch." Head 1847 

1151. Mason Judge, "Secy Navy 

U.S. For College Chapel 

HiU." Half-length 1847 

John Young Mason (1799-1859) was bom in ^^rginia and 
graduated at the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill, in 1816. He was made U. S. District Judge for Virginia 
and he was Secretary of the Navy under Presidents Tyler 
and Polk. At the time of his death he was U. S. Minister 
to France. 

1152. Mason Mr. Head 1856 

Thomas SuUj^s Register of Portraits, ISOl-lSll. 88 


1153. Mason Mrs., "of Md. From 

a Daugerreotype." Head 1856 

1154. Mason Mrs., "formerly Miss 

McGee." Head 1856 

1155. Mason Mrs., "& son. Chil- 

dren of Genl. Macomb." Kit-kat 1829 

1156. Mason Mrs. Emma/' late Miss 

Wheatly from a Photo- 
graph." Kit-kat 1854 

1157. Mason Mrs. Johnan, 

" painted at Boston. " Head 1836 

1158. Matthews Mart. Miniature 1803 

1159. Matthews Mrs. "Sister to 

Mrs. Mallon." Bust 1812 

Sully's portrait of Mrs. Katharine Matthews is in the Metro- 
politan Museum of Art, N. Y. 

1160. May Judge. "Copy for Mrs 

Joynes." Bust 1858 

1161. Mat Judge, "from a photo- 

graph." Bust 1858 

1162. Mat Mr., " Mrs. T. Poultney's 

father. From a Photo- 
graph." Head 1857 

1163. Mat Senr. Mr. Saml., "at 

Boston for his son John." Head 1848 

1164. May Senr. Mrs., "for her 

son J May." Head 1848 

1165. Mat Mrs., "of Virginia." Bust 1858 

1166. Mat Mrs., "copy of forego- 

ing." Bust 1858 

1167. Mat Mrs. John, "for her 

husband." Head 1848 

84 Thomas Sully's Register of Porbraits, 1801-1871. 


1168. Mater C. F. "Painted at 

Baltimore." Bust 1849 

1169. Maywood Mrs., "dress of 

Roman matron. " Bust 1835 

1170. Mead Rev. Mr., "for Prince- 

ton College." Bust 1808 

William Meade (1789-1862) was graduated at FHnoeton in 
1808 and in 1829 was made Assistant P. E. Bishop of 
Virginia, becoming Bishop in 1841. 

1171. Meade Mrs. R., "for Mrs 

Levy." Kit-kat 1811 

Margaret Goates Butler, wife of Richard Worsam Meade 
and mother of General George Gordon Meade, the hero of 

1172. Mbares Mrs., "& her son." Half-length 1813 

1173. Mease Dr., "for his son 

Pierce." Kit-kat 1834 

James Mease (1771-1846) was bom in Philadelphia, where 
he was a prominent phsrsician and author. " His son Pierce " 
changed his name to Butler and was the husband of 919-928. 
The portrait is owned by the subject's grandwn Rev. Alfred 
Elwyn (505), Philadelphia. 

1174. Megs Dr. Head 1824 

Charles Delucina Meigs (1792-1869), a prominent ph3rmcian 
of Philadelphia and professor in the Je£ferson Medical 
College from 1841 to 1861. Vide 1215. Owned by grandwn 
^(^lliam M. Meigs, of Philadelphia. 

1175. Melanchton, "copied from 

Holbien for Brimmer. " 24 x 28 1828 

Philip Melanthon (1497-1560), the German reformer famous 
as the colaborer of Martin Luther. 

1176. Mendelssohn, "one of a 

Series." Head 1863 

Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786), a noted German musical 

^^^^^^^ Thomas Stdh/s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 85 ^^^^^^| 

NAiriD mm dati ^^^H 


Menoe Mn., "of James River ^^^H 

Va. a copy.'' Bust 1832 ^^H 


Menoe Mrs.^ ''Mrs* Boiling's ^^^| 

mother/' Bust 1832 ^^H 

Vide 172 and 174. ^^| 


Mercer Miss, "deceased ^^^H 

from a Daguerrotype. ' ' 24 x 20 1848 ^^H 

Margaret Mercer (17&1-1846), daughter of John F. Mercer, ^^H 

Governor of Maryland, 1801-03. She reduced herself to ^^^| 

poverty by liberating all of her slaves. In hall of Hist* ^^^^| 

Soc. of Penna. ^^^^| 

^m use. 

Mekhedith Mrs. W. Bust 1808 ^^H 


Meredith Mrs., "outUne for ^^^| 

Tom to continue.'' Bust 1833 ^^H 


Meredith Wm., "Fred SchyL ^^^^| 

Bank.'' Head 1833 ^^^^H 

William Tuckey Meredith (1772-1844) was bom in Phila- ^^^| 

delphia and admitted to the bar in 1795. He married ^^^^| 

Gertrude Gouvemeur Ogden, a favorite niece of Gouv- ^^^^| 

emeur Morris. Father of Hon. William Morris Meredith. ^^^H 

Hia portrait by Sully was engraved by John Sartain for ^^^H 

Simpson's EminetU Philadelphians, ^^^^M 


Meredith Wm., "for Mrs ^^^H 

Ogden/' Bust 1833 ^^H 


Merrefield Mrs. Jos,, ^'for- ^^^| 

merly Kebe Janey of Bal." 1849 ^^H 

Vide ^^H 


Mesheet Jukr. Mrs. He^d 1859 ^^^H 

Mary Ann McKenty (1822-1884) married Matthew Huinnga ^^^H 

Messohert, son of Huizinga Messchert of Fhila. and grandson ^^^H 

of Matthew Huizinga Messchert, of Eotterdam, Holland, ^^^H 


Meeschert Mrs. ''The Ist ^^^| 

portrait not approved." Head 1859 l^^l 

(To be continued.) J^^^l 

86 Letters of Oeneral John Forbes, 1768. 


[The following letters of Gen. John Forbes, together with those of 
Col. Henry Bouquet we are printing, furnish interesting details relating 
to the march to and capture of Fort Duqueene, hj Forbes* army. The 
original letters are in the Manuscript Department of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania.] 

(General Forbes to David Boss.) 
^ Shippenbbubo 28*^ August 1758 

I deeignd to have wrote you the other day when I sent 
Mr. Howell credit for the money paid into your handa over 
and above the £1500 Sterling allowed to be paid by Mr. 
Kilby, but I was so much out of order that I was not able. 

I am sorry that this transaction designed almost entirely 
for your behoof, and the earring on of the service, should 
have turned out so disagreeably, nor could I have imagined 
that you was to conceive either Gk)vemour Sharp's honour 
or your own so deeply concerned as to choose to go to 
Prison rather than return Mr. Howell that money, when a 
little reflection must have suggested to you that some mis- 
understanding or neglect had been the cause of Mr. Howell's 
redemanding it, which a letter to me must have cleared up 

As the neglect was mine I hope you have now got the 
money, I am therefore now to acquaint you in order to pre- 
vent misunderstandings betwixt Gk>vemour Sharp and me 
that you are not to pay away that whole sum untill that 
you hear i&rther from Gk)vern' Sharp, as this money ad- 
vanced by me is designed as a Generall aid to diminish the 
debts due by and to, the Maryland troops, and for the carry- 
ing on of the service, and not at all designed to the paying 
of any particular debt due in this manner, I mean transport- 
ing provisions, officers or mens pay, hospitals &c* because. 

Letters of Qeneral John Forbes^ 1758. 


before thoee can be fully cleared the AccouDtB and the 
Vouchers must be properly examined and found relaxant 
. Bo therefore I would not have you use above £500 of the 
above Bum untill that you hear farther from me or the 
Qovernour, and that only to stop the mouths of poor people 
who may be in want, the rest of the sum remaing in your 
hands accountable for it to me. 

I hope to see the Govemour in a few days when all this 
will be easily adjusted I am Sir 

Your most obed* & 

Most humb^* Servt 

(General Forbes to Bichard Peier9.) 


Shipphnsbubq 28 August [1758]* 

I wrote you by Mr Ennis the Express two days ago, and 
have little to add, only my distemper begins to abate. 

I know that your Coffee house people will make their 
remarks very freely why I do not proceed but they must 
talk J altho' I mu&t take my own way* But the great 
reason is, the horrible roguery, and rascality in the Country 
people, Tvho did not at all fulfill their Contracts and agree- 
ments, neither in Carriages nor Horses. For in the place 
of Carrying 2000 w' they never had above 14 or 1600, 
and in place of 12 days made 20 of their Journeys by which 
our magzines were dissapointod and our daily consumption 
at Baeetown must have fallen upon them [the Magazines] 
had I pushed forward the troops. 

Everything that depended upon the troops has succeeded 
to admiration, and we have got intirely the better of that 
impossible road, over the AUeganey mountain & Laurell 
ridge, 80 we are ready to take the very first favourable 
opportunity (if not with the whole) at least of visiting the 
Enemy with pretty large detachments. So that now my 
advancing will again depend upon the honesty of the In- 
habitants by their furnishing proper or improper Carriages, 


Letters of Oeneral John Forbes, 1768^ 

and which I beg you will make known to every body, qb 
the troops are in great epirite, but I must not lead them to 
fall a sacrafice to want or Famine, and the price I pay and 
the treatment the Waggoners and horses meet with, de- 
seryes a better return from the Inhabitants, than they have 
aa yet shown, for which their Country may snSer severely 
in the End. 

I hope we have chaced off the Enemy Indians from this 
neighbourhood, having had 300 Highlanders with all the 
best woodsmen ont these S days, night and day, but never 
could have the Good fortune of falling on with any of them. 

Two of the Indians fired upon the Head of a party of 
ours of 80 men, yet notwithstanding they were Instantane- 
ously pursued they gott away. The whole Country has 
been in a panniek but begin again to revive. They are a 
sett of helpless heartless mortaUs, 

Col" Byrd writes me from Fort Cumberland that a large 
party of Enemy Indians have been in that neighbourhood, 
and that Cap' Bullen and Cap* French who had just brought 
60 Catawbaj3 to our asBistance, coming from Winchester, 
would go before the party when they come near Fort Cum- 
berland, by which means they were attacked by 9 Indians, 
killed, and scalped mthin a mile of the Fort. This is a 
very great loss, as Bullen had proved himself a sincere 
friend to us. 

A party of ours have returned from the Ohio with two 
scalps which I shall endeavour to get you, they were within 
a half mile of Fort Duquesne, but do not say anything extra- 
ordinary, only thinks there were about 50 Tent-s near the 
Fort and reckons there may be as many Indians there as 
tents, and a Garrison of 3 or 400 men. 

But as this is all Conjecture, and that hitherto in spite of 
all the partys I have sent out, I can learn nothing that is to 
be depended upon, I must therefore beg that Andrew Mon- 
tour may be forthwith employed in getting me Intelligence 
of the Enemys Strength in those parts, by gomg himself, 
as likewise sending 2 or 3 trusty hands to pick up what 

Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 


they can learn, as to the number of the French Canadians 
or Indians there at present, or expected, wether they have 
thrown up any Entrenchments before the Fort betwixt the 
Ohio and Monongahela. What they have built lately either 
at the Fort or tother side of the river. What Guns they 
mount in the Fort, wether they send out partys from the 
Fort during the day or night to reconnoitre the Enmraiis. 
How many men mount Guard daily, Ac Ac and the diepo- 
aition of the Indians. These spies may return to our ad- 
vanced post 9 miles forward from Loyall Hannon on the 
other side of the Chestnut ridge of Mountains and about 40 
miles from Fort Dn Quesne. They may make themselves 
known by wearing yellow FilletB about their heads and 
Arms, and waving of their matchcoats upon a long pole. 

I am in want of spjring Glasses to send out with my 
partys bo pray buy for me two or three good ones, and send 
up by the very first Express. Let Mr. Croghan send out 
people likewise with the same directions, and I shall be 
very glad to see him after your Congress, which I hope still 
goes forward and will produce something. I should be 
glad to know if they were Delawares, that was here the 
other day. I dare say everything will be said to bring the 
Indians to see their o^vn Interest, and to abaodon the French, 
and I fancy any demands that they have to make will be so 
moderate, as to be asily comply ed with, and doubt not but 
many of their young men may be induced to join me, In 
which case Mr. Croghan would do a signall service in eon- 
ducting them safe to me. Let Mr West purchase 50 lib. 
weight of Vermillion, and send it off, with the first waggons 
that come up from Mr. Howell, with proper directions. I 
have broke my little Barometer, I wish you could purchase 
me another and send it me up safe, 

Hambies k Teedyuscungs son goes down to Easttown to 
persuade their friends to come and join me, I wish they 
may be sincere so pray let them be watched narrowly. 

I hope the Province will make no difficulty, as to the 
Expence of this meeting, as it wiD be a most monsterous 


Letters of Oeneral John Forbes, 1758. 

reflection upon them if they do, and they never after can 
either look for, or expect the favour or protection of Great 

I Btand greatly in need of a few prunes by way of Laxa- 
tive, if any fresh are lately arrived a few pounds will be a 
great blesBing, or a pound 2 or 3 of Bueh fine raisins as 
Mr Allen's were, as I eat nothing. 

I expect all the news of Louisburgh so dont baulk me — 
I am D' Sir most sincerely yrs Ac Ac 


(Qenoral Forbes' Instmctlone to Major Shippen.) 

Majoa Shippbic, You are to order the 2 new Levyed Com- 

panys of to march without loss of time to strengthen 

the Garrison of Fort Augusta lea\nng one Officer and 80 
Men at Fort Hunter. 

All the rest of the new levyed Companys are to march to- 
wards Lancaster and so up to Carlisle, where they will have 
tents provided for them. 

The Arms and camp necessarys for those Companys levyed 
up the Country, ought to be sent to Lancaster or Carlisle, 
as those towns lyes moat contiguous to the Companys, 
You are to wait upon 8' John 8t Clair if he is at Carlisle, 
who will give you his orders about the marching up of 
these companys to the Camp at Carlisle, From whence a 
Detatchment equall to the Ghirrisons of the Forte may be 
made from the whole, and the companys now there may be 
brought on to join the army* 

(Oeneral Forbes to Governor Sharp.) 

^ „ RJLBSTOWN l&^ Septem' 1768 

DsAE Sir 

I received your letter from Fort Cumberland at Juniata 
last night, and that I might answer it more exactly brooght 
your officer on here this day, where I now find there has a 

Letters of Oeneral John Forbes^ 1758. 


transport gone from here this morning for Fort Camber- 
land with proviBions which will serve in the meantime 
untill Mr Rutherford arrives; what I was to do with regard 
to spirits I could not well say, imagining they could be 
bought as reasonable and cheap at Fort Cumberland as they 
could be sent from this, but now being informed of the 
contrary I have ordered two hogsheads to be sent off directly, 
which wiU give me time to look about me for a day or two 
and draw Breath, being at this present moment in bed 
wearied like a dog. 

I have the most laconic letter from Dr, Ross that ever 
was wrote to a Gentleman where £1500. was concerned, 
consisting of these words, " Sir I have received yours and 
shall report to Gov' Sharp. I am Sir " — In a day or two 
I hope to write you more fully upon several other things. 
In the meantime I am very sincerely 

Yr most obed* & 
Most hum** Serv* 


P, 8. If spirits can be purchased reasonable at Fort Cum- 
berland, I dont see why we should be obliged to send them 
from this. Mr St Clair is just now come in and informs 
me that the transport of provisions above mentioned^ did 
not proceed as I have said — However as there is an Express 
gone to Winchester to Mr. Rutherford to hasten him up, I 
hope you will be able to make a shift untill that he arrives 
or that I can send you a fresh supply, which shall be the 
first thing I shall take care of when any comes to this place, 
and that expect tomorrow or the day after 

(Gener&l Forbes te Richard Peters.) 


I have been of late but a bad correspondent as I could 
only write of multiplicity of grievances crowding upon the 
back of one another, all dismall to look at, yet by patience 
and perseverance, to be in some measure surmounted or 


Letters of Oeneral John Forbes^ 1758^ 

ftlleviate. This I hope in God I have done, and trust 
greatly that from the same principles I sliall be able to ao 
complish what yet remains. 

I wish sincerely your treaty could have been brought 
about a little earlier, from whence wee might have drawn 
some powerful! helps this very Campaign, but I never repine 
at what cannot be remedyed, and I am this moment flatter- 
ing myself that from the joint endeavours of all with you^ 
the dropping of foolish tritiee, some measures will be taken 
with those originate Inhabitants as to strengthen ourselves 
and diminish our Ennemys Influence with them in those 
parts for if it is as I see things giving up sometimes a little 
in the beginning will procure you a great deal in the end. 

Frederick Post has been here some time, I think he has 
execute the Commission he was sent upon, w^*'' ability and 
Fidelity, and deserves a proper reward. The two people 
who reconducted him here, deserve likewise of any Govern- 
ment, but I think if what he says of Daniell be true that he 
deserves no countenance, I do not know whether the pro- 
vince will defray those charges, but they certainly ought a^ 
they may reap the profitts, I have no kind of judgment what 
Post deserves. I have ordered him fifteen pounds in the 
mean time I send him to you by this Express, that he and 
his two Conductors may be sent directly back with proper 
Messages (as the Governor shall direct) to the Ohio Indians 
to retire directly, as the season will admitt of no delay. 

Pray make my excuse to Mr. Croghun for not answering 
his letter, but I approve of his measures and proposall of 
joining me, which I wish he would do without the loss of 
one moment of time, as now that I have everything in ready- 
ness at Loyall Hannon, I only want a few dry days to carry 
rae to the Ohio Banks, where I hope our operations will not 
be long, so send rae back the express that carrys tliis, with 
all diligence and let Mr. Croghan write me the day that he 
intends setting out, with his route, and when I may expect 
him here, with the number that he expects to accompany 
him, Dispatch at present is absolutely necessary, so I 


ters of Oeneral John Forbes, 1758. 


should think he can dispense without seeing the end of 
your Congress. 

Most of the Indians that have heen preying upon us all 
year, have after getting all they possibly could expect, left 
us, and the few remaining were just agoing home in spite 
of every kind of means used to prevent them, when the 
little Carpenter arrived at this Camp with about 60 good 
Warriors, But he is m consummate a Dog as any of them, 
only seeing our distress, has made him exceed all others in 
Ms most avaricious demands, There is no help for those 
criticaU minutes, and after foolishly laying out many thou- 
sands of pounds, I judged it would be wrong policy to lose 
him and all the rest for a few hundreds more. 

Upon the 12"" in the morning the French from Fort Du 
Quesne having a mind to repay Major Grants visit came to 
drive us away from our advanced post at Loyall Hannon 
destroy our Magazin, Bullocks, Carriages &ce» They con- 
sisted of a body of 900 French and Canadians and two 
Hundred of those Friends, you are now treating with, they 
had gott within five miles of the post, and proposed attack- 
ing all the out post and Guards next morning, but being 
discovered they resolutely attempted to storm the Breast 
work thrown up about the Camp — accordingly fell a firing 
and Hallooing in order to bring out detachments, by which 
they proposed entering the Breastwork pell mell with them 
when routed. The 60 Maryland Volunteers went out and 
attacked them with vigour and Courage, but overpowered, 
Col, Bard who commanded sent a strong detatchment of the 
1st Pensylvania Reg* to sustain them, but they being like- 
wise repulsed a third detatchment of the Virginians &c, 
went out to bring the other off, which they did by retreat- 
ing to the Breastwork. The Ennemy followed clods to the 
edge of tlie Wood where they were etopt by the Grape shot 
from our Cannon and the shells of the Coehorns and How- 
bitzers, however they continued fireing upon the breast 
work from eleven to three in the afternoon without any 
Considerable loss on our side, they then retreated a little, 


Letters af Oeneral John Forbes^ 1755- 

and carried away their dead and wounded in which they 
were favoured by the lying of the Ground, and then 
marched five miles off. Wee saved all our live Cattle, but 
the officers horses are either carried away or a miflsing. 
Two Maryland officers are killed and about 60 of our men 
are missing altho wee cannot believe them killed having 
only found six bodys, one officer of the Train wounded, 
wch is all our loss. That of the Eonemy wee cannot ascer- 
tain, altho it must neads be Considerable considering the 
advantages wee fought with against them, a Breast work A 
Cannon — I fancy they will not visit soon again and it has 
put all the Waggoners in such spirits that a single waggon 
will go now without one escorte, but these cursed Rains 
upon our new roads in clay soik and everything upon 
wheels, has at present renderd the Laurell Ilill quite un- 
passable so wee must wait some dry days to be able to go 
forward. God grant them soon — 

I think Mr. Croghan might send a trusty man or two or 
three towards Venango, in a direct Road from you, who by 
coming down the Ohio might come over and join us at 
Loyal Hanuon with what intelligence of the Reinforcementfl 
lately gone to the French they could pick up, and what 
tribes of Indians are still with thera which sure can not be 
many now as I am sure they are scarce of provisions. Pray 
make my apology to Gov' Denny for not writing him, being 
still extreamly bad that is to say, weak, and my Complim*" 
to him and Gov' Bernard, to whose negotiations, I sincerely 
wish success, and hope they cannot fail, send me all your 
news by the express and believe me Sir very sincerely 

Yr most ob* hum** Serv* 


EUystowh Caup 

October 16*^ 

Pray heartily for fair weather and dispatch of Business — 
But wliat absurd mortal! made your Assembly settle the 
price of tranporting provisions this length and no fiirther — 
This length the Waggons do come & finer horses and 

Letters of General John Forbes, 1758, 


Waggons I never saw, each bringing at least 2000 Weight 
with ease, but one foot further they will not move, so I am 
drove to the necessity of persuading them to move forward 
in the military way, but still paying them in proportion, or 
leaving the price to their Assembly — I am quite tyred. 
Adieu* I have sent home your books, 

(General ForbeB to Co!. Burd.) 

New Camp 20 miles | 19*^ November 2758 

WEST OP Loyal Hanijon J 

[Tom] astonished and amazed upon [torn] and villa- 
nous desertion of [torn] of the methods he had used [torn] 
from our assistance at so very eriticall a time, He has often 
told us in publick that his nation were going to make warr 
against the Virginians & His Majesty's subjects, I there- 
fore thought him a good pledge in our hands to prevent 
that, and consequently the whole of them, were indulged 
in every extravagant, avaricious demand that they made. 
But seeing that those who have thus deserted and aban- 
doned us, with all the aggravating circumstances attending 
their desertion, are preludes to what we may expect from 
them, I therefore desire that upon receipt of this you vdW 
instantly dispatch an express to the Commanding officer at 
Raystown who is to send one to Winchester & Fort Cumber- 
land in case that he, the Carpenter & his Followers should 
have already past Raystown, and notice ought to be sent to 
fort Loudoun likewise with my orders which are that hav- 
ing under the Cloak of Friendship robbed us these Beverall 
months, But that now having discovered themselves our pri- 
vate Ennemies, and having turned the Arms putt into their 
hands by us against his Majestya subjects, which the former 
partys have already done, That therefore prudence and self* 
preservation oblidged us to require of them the returning 
of their Arms and ammunition, directly, as likewise the 
horses that were furnished them to accompany us to warr 


Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 

That Ed their Blankettd Shirts Silver truck are not of that 
conaequeiice, therefore the peremptory stripping off them 
need not [torn] Bat I insist upon the Inhabitants [torn] 
— cheater making them do [torn] and horses, which is but 
[torn] fellow sub jecta of the [torn] through, where no doubt 
they would comniitt all sort of Outrage, so that it will be 
necessary to send a sufficient escorts along with them, allow- 
ing of thera a sufficiency of provisiona and no more, so that 
the Cherokee nation may see plainly they will have nothing 
to complain oft but the baseness and perfidy of those whom 
they have sent amongst us as friends for these seven months 
by past. 

The Garrison of Fort Cumberland is strong enough to 
compell them to deliver up their Arins^ so let a Copy of 
this my letter be sent to the Commanding otHcer who is to 
make use of all the fair means in his power, before he takes 
their arms from them. Raystown they are to do the same. 

But as the Garrison of Fort Loudoun is perhaps too weak 
either to refuse them their presents, or make them deliver 
up their Arras, I desire therefore that in case they take that 
way, that Major Wells march directly himself with a suffi- 
cient force from Raystown to Fort Loudoun to execute this, 
which you and all Concerned are always first to try by 
Gentle methods, before that rougher ones be made use ofi 
— As it is impossible any of your Garrison can overtake 
them before they reach Raystown, I therefore desire no time 
may be lost in sending copys of my letter and directions to 
Raystown, to be forthwith transmitted by Major Wells if 
they are paftsed to Forts Loudoun, Cumberland and Win- 
chester by expresses [torn] Mr. Smith [torn] Interpreter 
ought to be sent after them, to serve to explain matters 
and prevent as far m can be the bad Consequences of them 
going home through Virginia and north Carolina arm'd — 
for which purpose this letter is wrote as Virginia has already 
suffered. I am S' 

Yr most ob' hum. Serv*, 


Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 
(General Forbes to Gor^ Deany ,) 



Fort DuQubsnc now PrrrsBuao 
26* November 1758 

I have the pleasure and honour of acquainting you with 
the Signal euccess of His Majesty ^s Troops over all his 
Enemies on the Ohio, by having obliged them to burn and 
abandon their Fort DuQuesne which they effectuated upon 
the 24"* instant, And of which I took possession with niy 
little Array, the nert day, the Enemy having made their 
Escape down the liwer part in Boats and part by Land (o 
their Forts and settlements on the Mississippi^ being abandoned 
or at least not seconded by their Friends the Indians whom 
we had previously engaged to act a neutral part, and who 
now seem all willing and ready to embrace His Majesty's 
most gracious protection. 

So give me leave to congratulate you upon this important 
event of having totally expelled the French from their Fort 
and this prodigious tract of fine Country and of having in a 
manner reconciled the various tribes of Indians inhabiting 
it to His Majesty^s Government. 

I have not time to give you a detail of our proceedings 
and approaches towards tlie Enemy, or of the hardships 
and difficulties that we necessarily met with, all that will 
soon come out, but I assure you after reviewing the Ground 
and Fort I have great reason to be most thankful for the 
part that the French have acted. 

As the conquest of this Country is of the greatest Conse- 
quence to the adjacent proviuces by securing the Indians 
our real Friends for their own advantage, I have therefore 
sent for their head people to come to me, when I think in 
a few Words and few days to make every thing easy. I 
shall then set out to kiss your hands, if I have strength 
enough left to carry me tlirough the Journey. 

I shall be obliged to leave about 200 Men of your pro- 
vincial troops to join a proportion of Virginia and Mary- 
landers in order to protect this Country during Winter, by 
VOL. xxxrii. — 7 

98 Letters of Oeneral John Forbes, 1768. 

which time I hope the provincee will be bo sensible of the 
great benefit of this new Acquisition as to enable me to fix 
this noble fine Country, to all perpetuaty under the Domin- 
ion of Great Britian. 

I beg the Barracks may be put in good repair and proper 
lodging for the Officers, and that you will send me with the 
greatest dispatch your Opinion how I am to dispose of the 
rest of your provincial Troops, /or the ease and convenience of 
thepromnce and the Inhabitants. — ^You must also remember 
that Colonel Montgomery's Battalion of 1800 Men & four 
companies of Royal Americans, are after so long and tedious 
a Campaign to be taken care of in some Comfortable 
Winter Quarters. 

I kiss all your hands and flatter myself that if I get to 
Philadelphia, under your cares and good Companys I shall 
yet run a good chance of reestablishing a health that I run 
the risque of ruining to give your province all the satisfac- 
tion in the power of my weak abilities. 

I am Sir 

with great esteem and regard 
Your most obedient 
humble servant 


Beincke^s Journal^ 17J^S* 



[The jounialbt, Rev. Abraham Reincke. was bom 1712, in SWck- 
liolixi, Sweden, finished bis education at the University at Jena, and 
Ahortly aft«r entered the minifitry of the Moravian Church. In 1744, he 
waa »ent to Penney Ivania, and for a time preached to the descendants of 
the Swedish settlers along the Delaware in West Jersey. After serving 
in the ministry for twenty-two years, he died at Betblebem, April 7, 
1760. His oompamoQ on tbis journey was Joachim Senseman.] 

March ^6, — We left Bethlehem to day, and after dinner, 
in crossing a creek, we both slipped in and were thoroughly 
soaked. At night we lodged with an old Switzer and his 

March 27, — Set out early in the morning, in the midst of 
a heavy rain, and at dusk, reached Gemiaotown, where we 
were entertained by John Bechtel and family, 

March SS> — Early this morning came in to Philadelphia, 
and called on Charles Brockden. In the evening took part 
in the services in the Moravian Church. 

March 99, — With [Daniel] Neubert, [Qustaviis] Hesselius 
and [John] Herrenbom, we went to the ferry to cross over 
to ye Jerseys. At Peter Earn bo's house we were kindly 

March SO. — Rode to John Johnson's, who with his wife, 
entertained us hospitably. 

March SI (Sunday), — We all rode to Thomas Dennys, in 
whose house we are to keep a service. About 11 o'clock 
the meeting began, many people having been gathered, and 
Bro, Reincke spoke on the text: " I ask therefore, for what 
intent ye have sent for me ?" A. Uopmann, clerk of Racoon, 
is my ftiend, clerk, and Psalm-setter. After the service, 


Beincke's Journal, 1746. 

Fiflit^d Matthew Gill, an awakened Irli^limaii, who wants to 
send his children to our echooL 

April 1. — Came to Andreas Holsteiiis, who directed its on 
the way to Gerred van Nimmen's, who is one of the princi- 
pal men among the Swedes in Penn's Neck, 

April 9. — John van Nimmen and his son, went with us to 
the Church at Penn's Neck, seven miles distant. Before 
preaching my Swedish sermon, Mr. Tranberg and wife ar- 
rived from Wihnington, and I was subsequently introdneed 
to him. While we \vere speaking together, a man heg'd me 
to baptize his child, but I declined and prayed Mr. Tran- 
berg to comply — at first he declined, but finally yielded to 
my request Before the Englisli Sermon, I could have snug 
a Psalm out of their Book of Common Prayer, but was un- 
acquainted with the tunes, when Mr. Tranberg offered and 
acted m mj^ clerk. It is the desire of the people of Penn^s 
Neck that I shall preach to them, and Mr. Tranberg baa 
given his free concent. Van Nimmen's family is very num- 
erous and live in the neighborhood — the emigrant was from 
Holland; the GraccbergH, an Irish family, also live tiearby. 

Apnl S-i, — We set out early this morning with Andread 
Hol8tein,for Morris River, 40 miles from Raccoon. About 
13 miles on the other side of the river, came to an English 
family by the name of Campbell He begged me to come 
and preach to the English who live in his neighborhood, 
who are attached to the Church of England but have no 
preacher, A Baptist minister from Cape May, sometimes 
preaches among them. In the evening came to old George 
Keens', who has one son EriCj who with his family lives 
with him. Old George, who is a widower, and desires to 
marry a widow of about fifty years old, asked me to pub- 
lish the bans in Baccoon, Penn's Neck and Morris River, 
and when I return to perform the ceremony, 

April S. — In company with George Keen visited in the 
neighborhood — Nicholas Hoffman and his wife Catharine 

Reincke's Journal, 1745, 


were very agreeable. From HoflSnan^a crossed the creek to 
the Church, some years ago begun by the Moravians. It 
Btandfi on a hill, not far from Morris River, very con- 
veniently located for all the people ; two acres of land be- 
long to it From thence we went to old John Hopmann's, 
who looks like an Indian, and met there his wife, and the 
wife of William Cobb; next to Joseph and Abraham John- 

April 7 (Smulayy — About 11 o'clock more people as- 
sembled than expected, and I preached in George Keen's 
house, first in Swedish, and later in English. Baptized in- 
fant son of Eric and Catherine Keen. Samuel Issard, a New 
Light J and many Germans, who burn tar, were present from 
Cohan sey. 

April 8* — ^Resumed our visits and came first to Samuel 
Cobb's, who married a daughter of George Keen ; thence to 
Kieholas and Catherine Hopmann^s, where we met Lucas 
Petersen, and to John Hopmann's. I found in this country 
scarcely one genuine Swede left, the most of them are eitlier 
in part or in whole on one side or other descended fi-om 
English or Dutch parents, some of tliem have had a Dutch, 
German or English father, others a Swedish mother, and 
others a Dutch or English mother and a Swedish father. 
Many of them can just recollect that their grand-fathers or 
mothers were Swedish, In general there is such confusion 
m their lineage, that they themselves can't tell, if they spring 
from English or Dutch, Swedish or German parents. The 
English are evidently swallowing up the people and the 
Swedish language is so corrupted, that if I did not know the 
English, it would be impossible to understand the language 
of my dear Sweden. 

April 9. — This morning I preached in the Swedish lan- 
guage, and later in English, and prepared for my return home. 

April 10. — After taking leave of my friends, I started on 
my journey homeward. 

102 Correspondence of Col, Henry Bovquet. 



(Continued from vol. xxxii, page 457.) 

(Instructions from Col. Bouquet.) 

Instructions for Edward Shippm^ Esq. 

You are hereby required to pay out of the money actually 
in your hands or out of the Sums which will hereafter be 
paid to you for His Migesties Service all the orders from 
General Stanwix & all my Draughts not exceeding said sums 
for the present you will be pleased to answer the Draughts 
of Cap. Hambright to the amount of Two Thousand pounds 
Currency to be employed by him in purchasing waggon 
horses not exceeding seven hundred pounds at a time and 
to account with him regularly upon his producing the 
Horses to you with the Certificates of the Price paid for 
each allowing to said Captain Hambright twenty Shillings 
Currency for each horse over and above the Price of the 
Horse and just Expences to bring him to Lancaster. Tou 
are also to pay unto Messieurs Barr ft Slough the Price ot 
Six Thousand bushels of Oats not exceeding two shillings 1^ 
bushel and to pay the necessary charge of a clerk to receive 
and deliver it, & of Storage. 

Mr. Armour has also Credit upon you for y* amount of 
Three Thousand bushels of oats at the same price. 

Lieutenant Kern has credit for two Thousand bushels of 
Oats not exceeding twenty pence ^ bushel 

You are also desired to pay four pounds in advance to 
every owner who enters his Waggon in the service to be 
deducted out of his pay when you settle his acct. 

The Waggon Masters are to receive Ten Shillings Cur- 

Correspondence of Col Henry Bouquet. 


rencj Ip daj iochiding their horses and Benjamin Price 
[wagonmaster] Ten Shillings Sterling ^ day. 

You will be pleased to pay for all y' Oats, Spelts and Rye 
bought by several people and sent to the Kings Stores not 
exceeding Twelve Thousand Bushels all included till fur- 
tiier orders. 

The Receipts of the above Gentlemen or others concerned 
with their Vouchers will be your sufficient warrant. Be- 
sides the sum of One Thousand & Seventy three pounds, 
seventeen Shillings Currency paid to you and Two hundred 
and fifty pounds which you are to receive of Bernard Ilub- 
ley, I give you a Credit of Two Thousand, One hundred 
and eighteen pounds and eight pence Half peney upon John 
Nelson of Philadelphia, payable at sight on your order, 
Lancaster 15 May, 1759 Henry Bouquet 

D. A. General. 

In Consideration of the Trouble and Expenses attending the 
Payment of Money, Keeping accounts and collecting the 
Waggons, Ac. Brigadier General Stan^vix allows you to 
Charge in your account two and a half ^ cent Commission 
upon all sums paid by you for the Carriage of the County 
of Lancaster during the ensuing Campaign to the Westward. 
Given under niy hand at Lancaater the 22** June 

Henry Bouquet 
D. A. O. 

(Col Bouquet to Col. Burd.) 

Cablislb 26^ June, 1759 
Dear Sir 

I arrived here yesterday morning & found our stores very 
thin. Therefore must desire you to load at Lancaster as 
many Waggons as you can with flour, & even take what 
Scott may have ready, as we would not have enough here 
to load all our Waggons, were they to come. 

Mr Shippen will get from the Contractors agent a Receipt 

]0i Correspondence of CoL Henry Bouquet, 

for the quantity of floor carried for theia to Carlisle to 
chflrge them afterwards with the Carriage. 

If soine of the Waggons can load a sufficient quantity of 
their own forrage to serve them two or three trips to Bed- 
ford, they must be excused from taking flour, But all those 
who have room left must load as much as they van, 

Mr. [Adam] Hoops [Commissary] must not depend upon 
Scotts, Steveneons or Leshers Contracts. I see little or 
nothing done by them : If our contracted Waggons are not 
sufficient to carry his flour, lie must procure some himself, 

I have Intelligence that the French had 300 men and 200 
Indians at Venango, & expected more with an Intention to 
act offensively; We must now exert ourselves to tlie utmost 
to form the Magazines, all methods be taken at once to 
procure Waggons. 

This little County rated at 30 has really 40 Waggons in 
the service & Byers expects 20 more. The County of York 
shall he impressed immediately 

There is only 377 stands of arma here: therefore be 
pleased to ami all the Troops coming this way at Lancaster 
& send with the first Waggons the rest of the Tents. 

Capt Gordon's stores are not to I>e mixed with other 
goods, but sent by themselves as soon as possible. 

I shall perhaps have the Pleasure to see you again at L#an- 
caster to meet the General ; 

Be so good to collect all your Recruiting Parties and 
send them to this Place, I wall forward them up the Coun- 
try to form your Batt. as you desired. 

My Compliments to M' Shippen (to whom please to com- 
municate this) k to your Ladies* 

If you see Mr. Hoops desire 
him to send Bullocks im- 
mediately, In Spite of all my 
Recommendations on that head, 
we are eternally in Want. 

I am 
Dear Colonel 
Your most obedient 
hble servant 
Henry Bouquet. 

Correspondence of Col, Henry Bouquet 
(Colonel Bouquet to Colonel Buid.) 


Caeusle, 27*** Jone 1760 Evening. 

I received this Instant My Dear Colonel yours of the 25*** 
10 which you ask my opinion about sending the "Waggons 
flcattered as they are pleased to come, on acct, of the heavy 
charge of paying Drivers a long time before the Brigadea 
can be ready. 

I am sensible that it is a hardship, and if it could be re- 
moved I should be glad of it. But you know as well as 
myself that order & method are the soul of every thing, & 
chiefliy necessary in the management of public affiurs. 

These Waggons will go without Waggon Masters if they 
commit any disorder who shall be answerable for it; If their 
Horses are lost or any accident happens, we must either 
take their word for it or displease them. 

What Calculation & dependancy can we make & have 
upon People who are under no other Rule but their own 
Whims ; at times the Roads may be incumbred with Wag- 
gons, at others nothing will come to us. 

If you could get 15 or 20 of such Waggons ready to set 
out at once, no matter where they belong to, you could dis- 
patch theoi under the care of a Waggon master, But I 
foresee nothing but Confusion when we shall be [illegible] 
of any other method : As you cannot stay longer at Lan- 
caster than the General and considering the State of Health 
of Mr Shippen, the Extent of the County <fc the bad dispo- 
sition of the People, which will oblige to take every Tripp 
the same Trouble to raise the Waggons, I think that no 
man alone is equal to the Task. Therefore I would propose 
to Mr, Shippen to a^soeiate himself a man of interest k 
activity to take off his hands the Riding Part & assist him 
in every other Branch which appears to me the more neces* 
sary as Besides his own Current affairs We must give him 
the Trouble to receive & pay money to all his Neighbors, 
which must of course confine him often at home & take too 
much of his time : But this I leave entirely to yours & his 

IOC Correspandence of CoL Henry BQuqucL 

own discussion k Choice. Hoops \^TiteB me that the Coun- 
ties of Philad* & Northampton & Bucks have raised their 
Waggons. This County upon which we had no dependancy 
furnishes double the number required; Will it not be an 
eternal nbame ic scandal that Ijancaster where we do not 
ftsk above the 10*'' Waggon should disapoint us to that 
degree ? 

I do not know what measures the General will take, 
But if he ask my sentiment, I would not move a step with 
the Troops till I had every Waggon wanted & the Troops 
should be sent back to impress every Horse in Chester, 
Berks, York & Lancaster Counties. I suppose that military 
Execution would make the magistrates sensible of the 
necessity of furnishing their moderate Quotas. 

It is evident if we march without magazines & carriages 
that we go to certain ruin &• destruction, & I cannot see how 
we could be justified having the Right to impress and an 
army to support it if we did make no use of such means in 
our Hands* 

The Companies at Lancaster ought not to bo removed 
till the General comes up & gives his orders, and if the 
Commissioners refuse to subsist them there, (as I think 
they have a riglit to do) They must be victualed from the 
King's Stores, 

I shall be glad to know what success they have had in 
the 3 Townships, I expect little or none, I see an abso- 
lute necessity for me to go back before you leave Lancaster, 
to advise with you upon the best niethod to ascertain the 
continuation of Carriage for the Campaign, 

I have yet no answer from York, or Berks, tho' I wrote 
twnce to Conrad Wciser, Please to send him an Express to 
know what he is doing. I am vexed out of ray fienses by 
the Plague of the new Levies: My compliments to Mr. 
Shippen & the family. 

I am entirely My dear Sir 
Henry Bouqpst 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 107 

(Colonel Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

CABLI8LB 19*^ July 1759 
Dbab Sir 

If you have seen a round Tin Case to carry White Paper, 
which Col. Burd had made at Lancaster, I shall be obliged 
to you to order such a one for me, & send it by the first 
opportunity or Express. 

We set out tomorrow for your Town. Your Children 
are well. I hope you are so. My best Compliments to the 
family. I wish you success and plenty of Waggons We 
shall want a good deal of forrage, but don't buy any more 
than you can conveniently load upon Empty Waggons J 
about 12000 Bushells till further orders must be bought 
after harvest. 

I am 

My dear Sir 

Your most obed^ hble servant 
Please to forward the Henrt Bouqubt 

Inclose, if no opportunity 
offers for Reading in 8 days, 
send it by Express. 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

FoBT Bedford, 1* August 1759 
Dear Sir 

The First Brigade from Lancaster having disapointed us 
for the time of setting out, I am afraid the other will follow 
the Example and I shall be obliged to you to let me know 
what dependancy we may have on them, as the service 
would be entirely ruined, if we had not every Waggon as- 
sessed, and each making at least three Trips during the 

The little forrage we had being near out, I beg you will 
immediately purchase the 12000 Bushells mention'd in my 
last, and, any quantity more that may be asked by M' Sin- 

108 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

clair and send it by the first Waggons — as soon as oats are 
reaped you will please to buy as much as Mr. Sinclair will 
desire you and besides Bar and Slough already employed 
you may add as many more as will be wanted to collect said 

I have given a new Credit upon you to Capt. Hambright 
to raise Drivers, and purchase, if possible, 80 Waggons k 
Horses compleatly equipped for the Expedition, for which 
you will please to pay him the money. 

I have received his Accounts, all is right, Col. Burd k 
your son are well. I suppose you will have a Letter from 
them today. No news from above, we are still detained 

for want of Carriages. 

I am Dear Sir 
Your most obed* hble serv* 
Henry Bouqubt 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

^ -, Fort Bedford, 7"» August 1759 

Dear Sir: ^ 

I have the Pleasure to inform you that the French have 
evacuated k burnt their Forts at Venango Beef River and 
Priskisle [Presque Isle] and retreated to Fort Detroit, so 
that we have no other Ennemys for the present than the 
People who refuse to furnish their Waggons to enable us 
to build the Fort at Pittsburgh and secure that fine Country. 

I broke this morning the glass of my watch which I beg 
you will get repaired by Mr Ray at Lancaster and cleaned. 

I never received the shoes &c given to Capt Hambright. 
My Respects to your Ladies 

I am Dear Sir 
Your most obed* hble Serv* 
Please to send the Watch Henry Bouquet 

back by the first Express, and 
to hurry up Hambright, his 
Waggons, Horses ifc Drivers forrage &c. 
[Watch sent along.] 

Correspondence of Col Henry Bouquet 
(Gal. Booqaet to Richard Peters.) 


Fort Bkdfokd, 8** August 1759 
Dbar Sir 

I am to acknowledge the favour of your Letters of the 
25**" 28"* July, and 1'* August. The good News contained 
in the two last, have greatly dimiDiah^d my anxiety about 
our Situatiun, The Waggons come in ao slowly that we 
have yet fonned no Magazines: We hardly send a Con- 
voy without being obliged to fight for it : The numerous 
Escorts wanted, and the number of Lidians to feed at Pitts- 
burgh^ consume daily as much as we can forward : The 
excessive heat ruinR the Horses, and as you will observe the 
Season nin from us without eftectuating anything. 

Since we have been here^ our affairs take a better face: 
We have recalled the Troops that were not necessary be- 
yond the Mountains, and forwarded in a few daysj two 
months Provisions for 2000 Men : one of the Convoys is 
Safely arrived by the bravery of poor Jocelyn who by his 
personal Example and Courage^ defeated the Ennemys. and 
lost his life at the Lawrell Hill. The other convoy goes 
under the Comand of Major Tulleken to Pittsburgh, 

Our fate depends still upon Niagara, as I look upon it as 
the Signal upon which the Indians will join again, or aban- 
don the French : I am extremely anxious that we have 
heard nothing yet ; and fear that they may fall Short of 
Provisions or Ammunition, if they dont Speedily Succeed, 
If my friend can be there in Time I have great hopes of 
Success, as he will be Sparing of both. 

It is not possible to have by 500 the true Return of the 
Troops, Scattered as they are. But I see that \i/ours w^ill not 
be 1600 Effectives — The desertion running very high^ and 
the new Levies far inferior to those of last year in Every 
Bespect The want of method in cloathing <fc paying these 
Troops must always be their Ruin : We are happy that we 
have the Superiority every where else For Certainty we 
have it not here. 

110 CoTfe$pSindence of CoL Henry Bouquet, 

All the Letters are delivered unopened to every Individ- 
ual, Those only on If is 3IaJv^'ti/^s StTVice are opened: 

I do not remember the Expression you mention in the 
Conference with Indians. We certainly never did intend 
to abandon Piiteburgh nor bad the Lidians then any appear- 
ant Jealousie of that Port. The army wiw the object of 
their feara, which were removed by asBurance that aa soon 
aa the Enemys would be interely removed beyond the Lakee, 
Tlje Army wouUi tlien go beyond the Mountaine : But this 
shall be explained at the tirat Conference. 

Last night we had Letters from Coh [Hugh] Mercer, all 
the Indians collected at Venango leflFt the French at the 
Lake, except 60, who went with them to Niagara and about 
a 100 to infest the Communication. 

We do not know whether De Signery could get in, But 
there is great appearance that his forces were Part of that 

We had a few days ago KikiuBkung [Teedyuecung ?] , 
who went l>ack and fought bravely in defence of tbe Convoy, 
and the last Letters were brought by Kill bock/ who re- 
turns to morrow to Pittsburgh. 

Our old Soldiers behave with great steadiness against the 
Indians. But there is no dependancy on the new ones : 
We liave not half the number necessary to carry on this 
Expedition, <& build tlie Fort: We are opening Braddock's 
Road wliieb will I hope be of great service to us. 

Be So kind m to send us all the news, don't spare Ex- 
presses, Farewell my dear Sir, My Compliments to our 


I am interely Yours 

H. B. 

P: S: Col. Armstrong informs me this moment that the 
Prosecution is renewed against him by new Bills found by 

* OiQelfmund, alias Killbuck, and Oipt. WUliam Henry, an Ohio 
Delaware, peuwioned by the U. 8. Governmeiit for his eeryices duriag 
the KevolutiOD. 

Correspondence of CoL Henry Bouquet 


an irregular Jury — your friend Mr, Ch — Should remove 
that fop of R — and appoint an honefit man to represent 
him* you will eerve your Friends, & I hope your friends 
will Serve you. 

(061. Bouqnet to £dward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

Fort Bedford 13tb August 1759 
Dear Sir 

I had your favours of the 5*^ and 8"' Insts and cannot 
express my surprise at the unexpected disappointment we 
meet with from the County of Lancaster onli/ : I send you 
enclosed a Letter from the General which he desires you 
will communicate to the Magistrate, I hope your People 
will no longer distingaish themselves by their shametull 
opposition to the Public Welfare and safety but will rather 
endeavour to repair their unjastifiable backwardness by their 
future activity k zeal for the service. 

The forrage must be bought at any rate, as at this ad- 
vanced season we cannot admit of delays of any kind. 
Therefore I beg that you forward immidiately to Carlisle 
as great a quantity as you can procure Waggons for ; and 
if the Waggons going upon the Expedition are not suffi- 
cient for that Purpose, Please to hire others to go to Car- 
lisle only. If this can be done without prejudice of the ser- 
vice, I shall supply you with any sums wanted. 

I am Dear Sir 

Your most obed* hble Serv* 
Hbkrt Bouqukt. 

(CoL Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster) 

Bedford 2B* August 1759 
Dear Sir 

I had your Letters as far as the 17'*' Inst*. The accounts 

you are pleased to give me of the Waggons and forrage in 

your County are very discouraging. This last must be had 

at any Bate, and if the People continue to reftise to sell, 

112 Correspondence of CoL Henry Bouquet 

They must be compelled to do % at the Prices fixed by the 
niagietrat^a* The 30 Waggons bought by Capt Ham bright 
must be loaded at Lancaster \inth forrage. Let the Price 
he what it will ; We are this day reduced to 104 Buahells 

of oata, and inilesa we are immediately supplied^ all our 
Horses will dye^ and the Service be ruined. 

No flouFj Pork, or Liquor, are to be sent up till we have 
two Trips of all Waggoua with forrage, and I beg you will 
differ no longer to procure some, as a delay at this Season 
would be our utter Ruin — 

Employ as many People as will be wanted to purchase 
and if yon are obliged to raise the Price, Let it be bought 
privately: If you want money you shall have it, 
I am Dear Sir 

Your most obed* hble seri^ 
Uekhy BouguET. 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Stuppen of Lancaster) 

Fort Bedfohd 1'^ tSeptem' 1759 
Dear Sir, 

I was favoured with yonrLettera of the 23** k 27'^ Inets in 
which I observe witli deep concern that we can have no 
depeudance upon your County, I exj^ected at least that 
forrage would have been bought at\er bo many urging Let- 
ters on that Subject, and I see tliat you cuniiot load even 
Capt* Ilambright'fl Waggons. I can add nothing more to 
what I have repeated 80 often, our Horses are already de- 
stroyed for want of forrage and there is none provided nor 
Waggons to bring it up. 

In several of your Letters you made me Expect an Ac- 
count of the Waggons that could be depended upon, but I 
am stil 1 as ignorant aa before and perceive nothing but un- 

The Campaign is half over, and nothing done as yet, nor 
likely to be done, as we are going on. I suppose that you 
did not pay the Waggoners who left their Loads at Little- 

Correspondence of CoL Henry Bouquet. 

ton, the same Price as if they had carried theiii to Bedford 
— ^which wonld indeed give the finishing Stroke to our tot- 
tering Condition in encouraging that [»ractiee. 

Justice requires that they be paid in proportion to the 
diBtances, and if they receive 17/6^ from Carlisle to Bed- 
ford — the Calculation is easy for the other Posts, 

You seem to apprehend that if the People are not paid 
what Uiey have no right to, They will abandon the Service. 
If that is the Case we must submitt to it: But we can not, 
at the Expence of the Crown, give any Countenance to 
firaud or abuses. 

Colonel Burd & Col* Shippen are gone to Fort Cumber- 
laud, to open a new Road to the Mouth of Red Stone 
Creek, and build Storehouses upon The Mononghehela ; 
being at last obliged to have recourse to Virginia to avoid 
the Impending Ruin of the Army. 
I am Dear Sir 

Your most Obedient humble Servant 
Henry Bouquet 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

Fort Bedford 3* Sept' 1859 
Dear Sir 

Capt Hambright informs me that he has bought more 

Horsea than he had orders for ; But as ,we are in Want 

of them to Supply the many losses we have sustained I beg 

that you wiJl pay him the money for Said Horses, and Send 

me at leisure a general account of the whole* But on no 

account, I desire that you will not Stop or detain him, as he 

must come with that Brigade, which is expected with the 

greatest Impatience, having no forrage at all here. 

I am 

Dear Sir 

Your most obed* hble 


Henry Bouquet 

voii, XXXIII. — 8 

114 Correspondence of CoL Henry Bouquet, 

(CoL Bouquet to CoL Burd.) 

Fort Bedford 4*^ Bepr 1769 

I had yesterday the favour of your Letter which gave me 
the raore Pleasure, as I meet with difficultisj and ohstruc- 
tiooB from all gides. But you never knew any where the 

service was concerned : The Weather ia a great miBfortune^ 
and am afraid will hurt your People. 

It was not possible to send Waggons loaded by that 
Road till the Rain is over; Therefore I have Bent 12 Pack 
Horses loaded wilh forrage to Cumberland, to load & Send 
you the Horses you left behind : and I have given the fol- 
lowing directions to Major Li\ing8ton, 

That when the Pack Horses come from Virginia he is 
to Send 100 loaded with forrage to Pittsburgh and all the 
rest to you with flour and forrage and your artificers as 
Soon as possible. He has a new Waggon & 2 Horses for 

I heard last night that Hambright was detiuned at 
Lancaster for want of oats to load his fine Brigade. But I 
have sent an Express to hurry hira to Carlisle, where I 
hope he can be loaded. 

He has engaged upwards of 80 Drivers which will enable 
us to give you back your men. 

There is upwards of 50 Waggons upon the Road loaded 
with forrage, and I have a mind to employ the 30 new 
Waggons from Hambright to carry between Cumberland 4 
Redstone Creek, The distance ^all be shorter, The Itoad 
(he^/ Sfiif better and the grass certainly So; But of this I 
Shall be glad to have your sentiment; and to know for 
certain what sort of Road you will find, 

I desired the General to Send a Batteau to meet you 
and reconnoitre the navigation of the Monungliehela, by 
which you will have a free Communication with Pitts- 

My best Compliments to Col. Shippen, M' Jones is to go 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 115 

to Cumberland, and to join you with the first Convoy I 
have advanced him money for his men. 

I am 

My dear Sir 

Your most obed* 
hble servant 
Henry Bouquet 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

FoBT Bedfobd, 8"» Sept' 1769 
Dear Sir 

I had this moment your favour of the 8* which gives me 
the more satisfaction, as I expected nothing more from 
your sleepy County, and indeed if we had depended on 
them for forrage, we would not have a Horse leffi; We 
have already 400 unfit for service. The rest is very few k 
weak and Capt. Hambright's Brigade is much wanted. 

I will send you in a few days an order for two thousand 
Pounds sterling, which I expect from Pittsburgh. What 
you may want above that sum, shall be sent immediately, 
as we must not suffer any delay for want of money. 

Send us soon good news. You can expect none from us 
having no other Ennemies to fight than Hunger, which I 
hope we can now subdue. 

I am Dear Sir 

Your most obed* hble servant 
Henry Bouquet 
Capt Ourry writes you 
concurring the Error of forrage. 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

Fort Bedford 12"* Septem' 1759 
Dear Sir 

I had last night your last of the 7**" Inst* The sketch of 

Capt. Hambright's account is so high that I feel more 

deeply the great loss of his times as it will be too late to 

116 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

have any service of said Waggons equal to that prodigious 

The price of Oats must be raised at once at 2/6* and 
spelts in proportion, where it must remain during the Cam- 
paign and if the People expect that we shall raise it again, 
they will certainly be mistaken, and in order to prevail upon 
them to thresh immediately, it would be right to fix a term 
when this price shall again fall to 2/. I think that the 15*** 
of October or at last the 1'* of November should be the 
utmost Extent, to receive it at 2/6'' &c. I desire Capt. Sin- 
clair to fix it in a general way for the Provinces of Penn- 
sylvania & Maryland, and to inform you of it. 

When the Waggons unload at The Posts upon the Com- 
munication by real accidents^ they are not to suffer any de- 
duction of the Mileage between Lancaster and Carlisle. 

I send you a bill for £1000 Currency and shall send you 
immediately a suflicient supply of Cash. I hope you have 
been able to dispatch Capt Hambright without waiting for 
it If I had known sooner his great demand, I would have 
lodged more money in your hands. 

Tho' I desired that the Waggons should load forrage for 
two Trips, I did not intend that they should be prevented 
from loading fiour, if forrage could not be had. 

Therefore for the future I beg that you would send them 
as soon as they can be raised with either Flour, Pork or 
Forrage to Carlisle, where their loads can be changed ac- 
cording to circumstances. 

I am much obliged to Emanuel Carpenter Esq. for his 
kind assistance to you. I hope he \vill be so good as to con- 
tinue to help us. 

Co' Burd has had a fever upon his Road, But is now re- 
covered ; Col* Shippen is well. They have had very bad 
Weather, but go on chearfully and in good Spirits. 

I have forwarded your Letters to them — The appearances 
begin to look very favourable for supplies from Virginia 
and Maryland and I hope with their Assistance that we shall 
be able to subsist the Troops. 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 117 

I am sensible that the necessity we are under to draw 
Provisions, forrage and Carriages from other Provinces, will 
in Time draw also the Trade that Way, and deprive your 
Province of the Advantage which they had in their power 
to secure to themselves. But such stupid, obstinate, narrow 
sighted People, do not deserve the favour of Providence, 
nor the just rewards of public Spirit and Industry. 

I am folly convinced that you have done everything in 
your Power to surmount the obstacles that surround you 
and am not so ui\just as to make you answerable for the 
sins of your People. I beg you will continue to make use 
of all the means in your Power to make the best of their 
backward disposition and believe me with the greatest truth 

Dear Sir 

Your most obedient 

Humble Serv* 
I just received yours of the Henry Bouquet 

31'* August by L* Col. Lloyd. 

(To be continued.) 


Notes and Queries. 


Letters of Washington to Col. CLBMBifT Biddle. — Originjils in 
tbe Manuscript Department of the Hbtorical Society of PeotiijlYaiila. 

HoiTirr ViBKOM, Feb. 5* 17M. 

Dear 8m. 

On the 8th of last Month I wrote to you for 70 yarda of Livery Lace, 
of which I was in immediate want^ aiid requested to have it sent by the 
Font to Alexandria — as there is some reason to believe the Poet has 
hardly gone through yot^ I b^ leave to repeat my want of it, & to pray 
It may be aent aa soon aa poasible. The Lace g^hnuld be red & white, 
Inch, or f of an loch wide, or anywhere between, 

I would now thank you for sending me a two pole Chain, exact in ita 
length, Sl not too amall, or weak in the links — thia I wiah to receive 
soon too. 

The things you were to aend by water, did not arrive before the Post 
Bet in, & I have heard notliing of them since. 

I am with esteem & regard 
D' Sir, 

Y' moat Oli€<i* Bcrv' 
0* Washington, 

MocitT Vaairoif, Feb. 10* 1781 
BsAK Sib. 

A haaty letter which I wrote to you by Col*. Grayaon, waa accom- 
panied with ten half Johan* the application of which I informed you 
ah" be directed in a Bubsequent letter. 

Let me now request the Tavour of you to send me the following articles 
if to be had. 

A pair of Boots, and two pair of Shoes, to be made by M' Star (who 
has my meaaiire) agreeably to the enclosed Mem" 

Young's Bix monthfi tour through England (his tour thro* Irel* I have) 

The Gentleman Farmer — by Henry Home. 

Till Is Huftbaudry. — All to be neatly bound, h lettered. 

200 Weight of Clover Seed— to be fr€«h and good. 

12 lbs. Saint seed ) >i-^ i • i j 

6 Ibe. or the field Burnet 1'*^'° '^ '"»'* K'^'*' 

A Common Hunting horn of the largest ainJ beat sort. 
It will readily occur to you, my good Sir, that these Seeds (iia they are 
to be sown this spring) cannot be forwarded too noon, I ought indeed 
to have wrote for them at an earlier period» but they may yet arrive at 
a proper Beason if they are quickly dispatt-hed, — At any rate, inform me 
if they are to be had, & the prospect there is of forwarding them, for 
thereon will depend my preparation of the ground. 

The Gazettea which were furnished by Mr, Dun lap, for my use» dur- 
ing my Military appointment, ought, undoubtedly to be paid for by the 
public — and I had no doubt but that this had been done, regularly, by 

Notes and Queries. 


the Q'M' General or his aasist* in the State of Pennsylvania^ — If the case 
is otherwise, I am readj to give my aid towards hia olHaining it. 

My respects to Mrs. Biddle 
I am — Dew Sir, 

G* Wabhingtok, 

I pray you to be pointed with reap* to the goodnesa of the Seeds : as ini- 
ptjsition of had seed is a robbery of the worst kind ; for your pocket not 
only sutfera by it but youx preparations are lost & a season passes away 
un improved. 
Deab Sir, 

By the Post of Yesterday, I received the enclosed Mem^— If you can 
comply with them in time, for the Alexandria Packet it w** oblige me. 

If the Halt is already got for VV^aahington, it will be unnecessary to 
exchange it ; If not, he prefers a black one^ with such ornaments as 
would suit a hoy of his age, & the colour of the hat. 

I betg leave to remind you of Ihe Liniien — ^two pieces — from Mr, Hazle- 
hursts ; and of the two pieces of finer than those you have purchased at 
4/6. For Ihe purposes they are wanted indeed, they should be a good 
deal finer. I am D' Sir 

Dear Sir 

I have received both your notes of this morning and thauk you for 
notice of the vessel's Bailing.^The Books, I perceive, are only small 
treatises upoii education, referred to by Doct^ Rush, which I can get, & 
carry in my Trunk. — Keroember the clothes baskets. I send a small 
box containing a Lamp — it is a present, but could not have eost 20/. — 
If the hounds presented to me by Capt" Morris are not provided for^ 
will it not be necessary to lay something in for them?— I think of 
nothiug else at this time ; therefore, if you will let me know how the 
acc^ st<ands between us I would wish to square it. 
Monday lO** Sept? 17W, 


ApaiL J* 23»* 1757 

L. S. D. 

at the widow Amos's : S : 4 

Ferrage at Dunks's ; 4 ; 6 

24** at Thomas's Burlington : 14 : 6 

atAlen'sTown 0:3:8 

at Cranberry : 4:9 

at Atkins i 2 ; 6 

Ferrage at Rariton <> : 5:5 

25 at Mr Dear's at Amboy 0:13:0 

at Morris's 0:0:9 

at Elizabeth Town : 12 : 6 

Ferrage : 3:7 

26 : at 8imonsona at S : Island : 8:4 

at Scotch Johnny^ s : 8:4 

at Do 0:2:4 


Notes and Qtteries, 


at Ditto breakfast 


: 8 


Do. Dinner 


: 9 

: 8 

at y* Coffee house 


: 2 

: 6 



; 2 

: 6 




; 8 




; 10 

: 4 



: 2 

: 6 


Ferraffe to Long Island 


; 4 
8 : 

: 9 

Dinner at Mashes 


12 : 

: 6 

Supper k Lodging 


14 : 



Dinner @ Mashes 


12 : 

: 9 

Ferrage to York 


. 4 : 

: 9 

8 horses hired 2 Day ® 4/ 

1 : 

: 4 : 


Supper for 6 of us 


12 ! 

; 6 

May y« let at' Johnneys 



2 : 

: 9 



6 : 

; 8 



; 8 ; 





: 8 : 




: 10 ; 


Paid for a boat to view the prizes 


; 7 : 

: 6 

To Supper k Club 


: 4 : 

: 6 


To Breakfast 


; 8 : 


To Dinner 



: 4 

Supper k Club 


; 6 : 

: 6 




8 : 





: 6 

at Tavern 


: 3 




: 6 

: 8 


Ferrage to Statton Island 


; 8 ; 


Ferrage at Elizabeth Town 


: 8 




; 9 



To supper I^odging k breakfast k ye horses 


: 17 

: 4 

k ferrage 



: 7 

: 6 




; 8 




: 8 

: 6 



: 7 

: 6 




: 4 

: 6 



11 : 

: 9 


To Symonson 8 horses 14 Days 

2 : 

: 19 ; 

: 8 

Supper Lodging & breakfast and horses at Herd : 

; 14 


Ferrages 4 Timea to Statton Island 


: 12 ; 


At Eliijabeth Town ferrage 


; 8 ; 


1 Bowl of punch 


1 ; 

: 6 

Dinner at y' Kag^head 


: 12 

: 6 

Bnjnswick ferrage 


: 8 

: 9 

Trentown Tavern h ferrage 


10 : 

; 9 


Supper Lodging breakfast and the horses 


: 12 

: 4 

Shamany ferry 


: 1 : 


at y widow Amofl 


: 8 

: 9 

£21 : 17 : 

Notes and Queries. 


Household Billb of Jambb Steel. — 
James Steel 

Bought of Richard King, Pewterer, Loudon. 

April 80 1 Doz staid mettle plates 
1 oval shaving bason 
1 Chamber pot 
Engraving 14 pieces with 
Cypher S M 
James Steel 

To John Bland A Co Dr. 

May 7. 

1 Teapot 17 oz. 16/8 Silver 

IprMuggs 18*' 8/7 *' 

1 do 18 " 16/7 " 

1 Waiter 7 " 9/8 " 

2 Pepper boxes 5 '* 1 1/2 " 
1 Snuffbox 2 ** 9 ** 
1 da lost 

1 Milk pot 8 *' 18 1/2 " 

1 Spoon *' 
1 Cane 
1 Cha. Del' allowed the owner 


16 . 


5 . 



8 . 



4 . 


1 . 

9 , 


7 . 

2 . 


4 . 

12 . 


4 . 

16 . 


2 . 

19 . 


2 . 


1 . 

9 . 


12 . 

1 . 

12 . 


18 . 


16 . 


12 . 


James Steel. Gent* 

To Christian Grafford 
June 12. 



7 . 

Making a Waist Coat & 1 pair 

breeches of Striped Linen 

Making a new Coat for James 

Thomsen of Duray 

also for Benjamin Bojen 

Making old Holland Jeakit & 

breeches fit for your Negero 

Making 2 new Jeakits £ 2 pair breeches of 

stripped Linen for both your Negeromans 

And also for Little Negero boy 

Making a Waist Coat of Duray 

again for James Thomsen 

Making 2 pair Leather breeches, 1 for James 

Sanders & another for your Negroeman Zeasor 

A skin for pokits 

7th. 8 mo. 1741 Received of James Steel the full Contents of the above 
Acc^ by me Christian Gkafford 


A Committee of the Alumni of All Dspaetments of the 
University of Pennsylvania is Preparing a Catalogue to con- 
tain all of the graduates and non-graduate matriculates of the Univer- 
sity. We append a list of the me^Uccd graduates of whom the committee 
has no information. Our readers will lighten not a little the difficult 
labors of the committee in collecting data of these graduates, some of 


8 . 
7 . 


8 . 


14 . 
4 . 


8 . 6 


. 18 . 
2 . 6 

^^^^^^H Notes and Queries. ^^^^^^M 

^^^^^^^^1 more than a century agfi, if 

they wi 

11 send at once whatever information ^^H 

^^^^^^^^1 they may have to Dr. Kwing Jordai: 

I, 1510 Walnut St., Philadelphia. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^1 Information ia eBpeciidly desired t 

IIS to full name, parenU' nameii, full ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^M date and place of birth and of death, if oiiirried, wife'ii name, academic ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^1 degrees received, prominent positions held^ and any printed reference to ^^| 

^^^^^^^^1 the named. 


1818. ^B 

^^^^^^^^1 Alien, Thornufi I^ancaater 


Lyne, Henry N. C. ^^| 

^^^^^^^^H Atkinson, Mahlon 


McGehee, Alexander Mifla. ^^H 

^^^^^^^^1 Billings, Thomaa 


Mariott, Richard Md. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^^B Boyd, 


Meredith, John Va. ^^B 

^^^^^^H Briggs, Robert 


Middle ton, James Md. ^^B 

^^^^^^^^B Brundlge, Henry 


Murpby, Robert Va. ^^B 

^^^^^^^^B Brux, Edward 


Nancrede, Nicholas Cuss^us Mass. ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^1 Barrel 1, Benjamin 


Patterson, Samuel Va< ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^H Chaniber>4, Maxwell 

N. 0. 

Pearson, Charles Edwin N. J, ^^M 

^^^^^^^^^1 Oroghan, 


Quarles, Pryor Va, ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^1 Davis, David Jonett 


Ragland, John C. Va* ^H 

^^^^^^^^^1 Doughty, James 

8, a 

Robertson, Thomas W. S. C. ^H 

^^^^^^H Dudley, Theodore Bland 


Salter, TbomiiA Barton N. Y. ^H 

^^^^^^^^1 Dupont, Thomas Coachman 

8. 0. 

Hoott, VVilHum T. Va. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^1 Eggle^iton, William Henry 


BbelleroH.^, Morris Cadwalader Pa. ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^1 Elmeiidurf, Jinnee Bruyn 


Sloan, William Md. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^H Farringtfjii, Jairuii 

a a 

Smith, Beverly Va. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^B Oignilltat, Charles 


Stevens. Joseph L. S. C* ^^M 

^^^^^^^^B Alexander L. 


Terrill, Uriel Va. ^H 

^^^^^^^^B Grofli^eao, John C. 


Thomas, John N. Pa. ^^M 

^^^^^^^^B H&mm, Jamea 


Van hoy r Abraham DeL ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^1 Hunt, James W. 


Waring, William Richard 8. C. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^B Jonffl, Caleb Mordecai 


Waterhouse, John Fothergill Mass. ^^H 



Wilson, Joseph Pa. ^^B 

^^^^^^^^B Lehman, George F, 



1814. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^B Alexander, William M. 


Duer, Robert Md. ^H 

^^^^^^^^B Anthony, Thoma.^ Powell 


Edmunds, Carter N. C. ^^ 

^^^^^^^^^B Barnhill, John Redman 


F^lwards, Charles Lee S, C. B 

^^^^^^^^B lilHi-kbiirn, Churchill Jones 


Feild, Andrew Va. ^^fl 



Feild, John Va. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^^^1 Braxton, 


Field, Henry N, Y. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^^B Breton, Baron Fredericlc 

Hanlawav, John Segar Va. ^^| 


Hening, William H. Va. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^^^B Brognard, Francis Herd 

N, J. 

Johnston, John Warhekl Va, ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^^B Brown^ George W. 


Jones, William Payne Va. ^^| 



King, John White Va, ^H 

^^^^^^^^H Caldwell, 


Langley, William, Jr. 8. G. ^^B 

^^^^^^^^^fl Cam pile 11, Charles 


LewtB, Henry Va. ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^B Carrintrton, Ei chard A. 


MrCaa, John 8. 0. ^H 

^^^^^^^H Carter^ Charles Walker 


McC^»noehie, James B. Ky. ^^M 

^^^^^^^^B Caaey, John A, 


McCullough, James Haine», ^^H 

^^^^^^^1 Oatler, John H. 


Md. ^H 

^^^^^^^^^^^H Dent^ 


McMurtrie, Henry Pa. *^H 

^^^^^^^H Diftenderffer, Michael 


May, Richard Va. ^H 



Moore, Alexander Spotswood 8. C. ^^H 

^^^^^^f^^^ N^es and Queries, 


^^^^M Ptoudfit, Andrew, Jr. 

N. Y. 

Rutledge, Charlea 


^^^H Reese, Charles M. 

a a 

Bpidden, Edward 


^^^H Bey&ale, Wiiliani H. 

N. X 

Thomaft, William 


^^^H Euflsell, Tbonias 


Tucker, Henr>^ W. 




^^^^H Addisou, Edward Brice 

D. C. 

Morgan, Mordecai 


^^^^B Barton, Edward 


Norton, Daniel Norbome 


^^^^H Beuezet, Anthony 


Owen, William 


^^^^^H Bonner, J^me A. 


Palmer, William Pennell 


^^^^^1 Boswell, WilliatiL 


Patterson, William A. 


^^^^^H Conway, Jamei» H. 

V . 

Purnell, John Godden 


^^^^^1 Dupuy^ William A. 


Reubel, Peter 


^^^^^H Gwinn, John 


^^^^f, Thomas W. 


^^^^B Hereford, William 


Smitbj Ji>sbua 


^^^^1 Holland, Nathanii«l Littleton, 

Stockdell, John Y. 




Thomas, John Hanaon 


^^^^H Horwitz, Jonas 


Wells, John M. 


^^^^^H Jiggitts, David E. 

N. C. 

White, Benjamin Aspinwall 

Ga. ^^H 

^^^^^B Lawrence, Jason Valentine 


Whitehead, Nathaniel C. 


^^^H O'Brien 


Williams, Edward P. 


^^^^H Long, Alexander 

N. C. 

WilK John M. 


^^^^^B Macaulay, Patrick 


W orth \ n gton , N icholas 


^^^^^H Minton, William 






^^^H Beatt>^, Charles 0. 


Mosely (or Moseley?), Robert ^^^| 

^^^^B Boulden, Nathanial L. 




^^^^^ Brown, William A, 0. 


Nice, William George 


^^B^^ Burson, Stephen 


Pegram, Jobn C/<_deman 


^^^^^^ Cahauisg, John 


Pickering, Samuel White 


^^^^^fl Camemn, Thomaa Nash 


Polk, William Julius 


^^^^H Crouch, John G. 


Prall, Zaccur 


^^^^H Davis, Thomas J. 


Price, William B. 


^^^^^B Dickenson, Samuel Ct 


Hidout, Jobn 


^^^^^B Dudley, Joseph 


Robertaon, William Henry 


^^^^^B Kmer^on, Grouverneur 


Royater, John W. 


^^^^H Estill, Wallace 


Rnffin, Thomas Roane 


^^^^^^B Fitzhugh, Edmund 

D. C. 

&coUey, Samuel 


^^^^^B Footman, Richard 

S. C. 

Shrewaburv, Samuel 


^^^^^H Galpliin, Milledge 


Shuman, Samnel 


^^^^H Garland, John Tabb 


Spark, Philip W. 


^^^^^B Harper, PatefBon W* 


Bpeer, James 


^^^^^^B Harris, Hartwell 


Stith, Ferdinand 


^^^^^^^B Hatfkinj!^, Creed 


Stockton, Elias Boudinot 


^^^^H Heard, Daniel M. 


Tate, Joseph A. 


^^^^^1 Honey man, Robert Bruce 


Tebbs, Thomas Foushee 


^^^^^B Hopkins, Samuel 0. 


Thorton, Siinmel G. 


^^^H JenkB, John W. 


Tingle, Nathaniel R, 


^^^^^B KJapp, Harvey 


TInsley, James 


^^^B McCaw, William Keid 


Watkins, Mayo S. 


^^^^H McGarry Da^id Ireland. 

Wilkins, Benjamin 


^^^^^H Mc Lees, William J. 


Wilson, James 


^^^^^B Morris, John Lewden 


1S4 NoieB and Queries, 

PkTtntmon.—ln the PitlfiniYLVANtA Maqazinb for January, 1902, 
Vol XXV. Mh (i76, refbrenot Is made to John Patterson, Collector of 
Ouitottti at Fhitadelpbta, 177jI. In Mimtn qf the Ptovinoial CkmncU 
^t PmrnfftmHin^ Vol. X., p. 818, a document dated' Oct 17, 177^ 
t^i^ to John Patterson, Oolleotor of Ouitoma. I should be glad for 
any inftirmatton about this man and his fkmily. It is said that Daniel 
T. Patterson, Oommodore in the U. 8 Navy, was a son. If so, Carlile 
IVUotik Patlereott, Director of the U. 6. Coast Survey for many years, 
would be a grandson, and the wife of Admiral D. D. Porter a grand- 

R« C. Archibald, 
Brown University, 
Providence, R. I. 

LAHt>llll.— Wantmi, the anceslrv of Captain Francis Lander, who 
waa a member of the Royal Americans from 1756 to 1759, and was at 
the capture of Lewieburg in 175^. Whom did he marry and who are 
his descendants f J. A. P. 

Thomas Williko. 178U18JL— 

The undeieigtied would be mudi obliged for refemicea, either to 
manuscripis or printed documents^ rdating to Thomaa Willing. 


MtLM.— The genealogy of Maigarel Miles, who died in Efie. Pens. . 
lS7i-S, is requested by 

J. O. W. KsownjKkS. JLD., 
Exeier, X. H. 

JBoofe HodCCS. 


DU8TKIAL UKYKLonaarr or tvx Kctokstk ^.asx. wtte Sobb 
AcooxrsT OF ITS Ejiklt A3CO ns Lazsk TBLAMsnmzjcrsar ^r^ 


Jmms M. $w«is1l PhihiWyhTs 19M. fm^ ^m. MUL ' 

inr^te» ^?t^^ »»tb fuaim a iiil i i i T iifi w- af] 

t ^ m i»ia ifflifiiM. w^aah »e auc n sir f— t n. i 

l6iir''(S9'toai'<si "i*!"" ^ eiN^^SiPSL '••t^s^ *is. wi^ 
■3 tl^ 

Notes and Queries. 


tive industries of the State. Included in these chapters are given the 
early histoiy of Pittsburgh, the world* a industrial wonder, and the 
prominence of PennBTlvania is the lending induiiiLrial State of the Uni«in. 
A chronological chapter follows which gives a record of many notable m- 
dtifltrial events in the history of both the State and the country, and em- 
body in|f a Tast amount of information, the value of which would have 
justified its presentation in more elaborate form. The book closer with a 
number of chaptere that are devoted to biographical sketches of some emi- 
nent Penn^ylvanians, most of whom have been prominently identified 
with the history and development of Western Pennsylvania, and some 
of whom have not been honored by their fellow citizens as they have 
deaenred. Mr. Swank is one of the most loyal of Pennsylvanians, and 
he presents his facts with the same exactness as bsji marked h» statistical 

The Life of Francis Daniel PASxoRire, the Fouxder of Ger- 
MAJ^TOWN. Bv Marion Dexter Learned, Ph,D.. L,H,D. Phila- 
delphia, 1908.' 8vo. pp, 824. William J. Campbell, Walnut St. 

There are many factd which tend to give Francis Daniel Pastorius a 
foremost position among the interesting characters of our early Amer- 
ican life. He was the most conspicuous, if not the most important, 
figure in the settlement of Germantown, a movement marking the begin- 
ning of German immigration into North America and the llfBt manifes- 
tation with respect to race of that broad and catholic spirit which differ- 
entiated Pennsylvania finom the other colonies and later made her the 
fruitful source of American institutions and modes of thought. The son 
of a judge and lilerateur, he had been trained in the univeraities of 
Europe, and his powers had been broadened by travel and fx»litical dis* 
cuBsion. A linguist, he used with accuracy an<l fluency the German, 
English, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Latin and Greek languages. His 
Latin epigrams, poetry, and Jeux (T esprit show a complete familiarity 
with that tongue and much literary facility. He may be regarded tkA 
the typical man of letters of his period in America, and hia original pro- 
ductions are numerous. He, together with Abraham Op den Graeff. 
Dirk Op de Graeff and Gerhard Hendricks, began the struggle in Amer* 
ica against the institution of slavery. He was a lawyer, aa well as a 
pedagogue, who compcjsed the tirst Pennsylvania primer. In modern 
times a great interest has been taken in his career. The late Dr. Oswald 
Seideneticker, of the University of Pennsylvania, studied hia achieve- 
ments and published an excellent memoir ; the author of The Setilemmt 
of Oermanfottmy added considerable information eoucerning him ; and 
W^hittier made him the subject of our epic, ** The Pennsylvania Pilgrim. ■ ' 
It has remained, however, for Prof. Learned, of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, whose researches in the libraries of Europe and America have 
developed much new and hitherto unpublished matter, throwing light 
on Paatonus^s antecedents and early career, to prepare this eminently 
aatiafactory biography, which enhances our appreciation of this eminent 
American colonist and scholar. The work is well printed, and the text 
illustrated with ninety photographic reproductions of original docu- 
ments, title pagee and foreign views. 

8. W. R 


Notes and Queries. 

Free JIasojtby in PEsssYLVAyiA, 1727-1907^ as Shown by the 
Kecords of LorxiE No. 2, F. axd A, M, of Philadelphia, 
FHOM THE Yeab A.L. 5757* A.D. 1757, Compiled from Ori^nal 
BauTces. By Noma S. Bairatty P. M. Lodg€ No. 2 ; Julioa F. 
eaehte, P. M. Lodge Na. 91. Philadelphia, 1908. 8vo. pp, 
xvii, 477. 
This importADt contributioii to Masonic bistoncal literatuie is a 
sourenir of the Msqaicentennlal of Lodge No. 2, of Philadelphia. The 
beginniDgs of Free Maaonry in the AmericaD colon iee, paitially shrouded 
in uncertainty owing to tiie lack of docixmentaiy eyidence^ has been 
a subject of conlxoverwy for writers on Masonic subjects. In recent 
years, howerer^ incontrovertible proof has has been produced to estab- 
lish the claim that Philadelphia is the cradle of Free Masonry in 
America, where it was introduced in the year 1727. The history of 
Lodge No, 2 is the history of Free Masonry in Penusylvauia. In 
the volume under notice, the compilers only cover the period from 1757 
to 1786, reserving the aucceeding one hundred and twenty-one years 
for another volume. The care with which they have conducted their 
laborious investigations, through the minutes of early lodges, the Grand 
Lodge and other sources is commendable, and they let these original 
documents tell their own story. During the Revolution the Lodge was 
distinctly patriotic, and a partial list of its members looks like a mus- 
ter roll ; sixteen Colonels^ ten Majors and twenty-eight Captains saw 
active service. No meetings of the Lodge were held during the British 
occupation of the city, owing to the absence of so many members with 
Washington's army. The lodge room was broken open by the British, 
and all the jewels, paraphernalia and books stolen by them, while two 
other lodges, being loyal to the king, not only met, but also itiitiated 
British officers aud local loyalists. The volume is an attractive piece 
of book*makingj liberally illustrated with chromotypes and photo- 
gravures of lodge halls and portraits, and facsimiles of early documents, 
certificates, title-page^ of sermons and autographs. It is bound in pur- 
ple cloth, with tbe old seal of the Lodge on the cover. 

The True Story of the American Flag. By John H. Fow, 
Philadelphia, 1908. 8vo. Pp. 54. On sale by William J. 
Campbell, 1008 Walnut Street. Price, 76 cents. 
Much has been written and much said on the history of the American 
flag, and the claim that **Bet*y'' Ross made the first flag. The Row 
claim is based upon the statements made by her grandson, Wi Ilium J. 
Canby^ in a paper read before the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
thirty-eight years ago, but the researches of Mr. Fow show how legen- 
dary they are, and without that foundation necessary to sustain such a 
claim. And the further claim, that Washington visited the house on 
Arch Street and what transpired there, simply rests on statements of 
relatives, unsupported by any substaiitial evidence. The Commander- 
in-chief of the army would have sent for and not called on Mrs. Ross, 
if he was in need of her services. After Mr. Canby's death, a brother 
devoted much time and research to uphold the disputed claim ; exam- 
ined the recordM in the departments of War, State and Treasury, at 
Washington, but found no mention of flags or the name of Mrs. Rosa, 
but at Harriaburg was shown a voucher in her favor, for making flags ot 
the navy of Pennsylvania, which did not resemble the American flag. 

Nates and Queries. 


It is well known that all the Continental regiments were not supplied 
with American flag«, owing to the lack of material to make them, mu\ 
that the colors carried were largely the devices of their ofl&cere or sug- 
gestive of the diistricts in which they were recruited. It will probably 
never be known who did design the American flag^ but readers of Mr. 
Fow'8 book will find that there h no evidence to prove that Mrs. Roes 
ii entitled to the honor. Many colored illuatrations emhellieh the text. 


THE Oriou^ai^: Being Gospel Parallels from Pali Texts. 
By Albert J. Edmunds. Vol. I, 8vo. pp. 825. 
This work represents the mature reeulta of a quarter-century of ear- 
De»t investigation I and is an interesting and illuminating contribution to 
comparative religion. It begins with an hifttorical introduction with 
reference to the antiquity of the canonical Pali texts, and the relation 
between Christianity and Buddhism, Then follow three parallels in 
the infancy legends of both religions, five in the initiation and prepara- 
tion, hve in the ministry, aud thirty-three in the ethics and and sub- 
ject-matter of the teaching : also nineteen parallels on the character of 
the Ijord, and twenty -eight on the closing i^cenes and the future of the 
Church and the individual, ending with an appendix containing men- 
lion of six parallels from uncanonical texts. Heavy type is used for 
the ROC red Scriptures of all religions, so that the reader caji distinguish 
at once between actual text and editorial comment. The simplified 
spelling is use<I, and the hook is probably the first large and serious 
work to adopt this reform. The official organ of the modern Buddhist 
miflflion to the United States characterizes Mr. Edmund' i^ work, iis the 
first comparison made between the two religions direct from the origi- 
nals : all previous ones have either been partial and desultory by 
scholariB^ or else t^econd-hand by students who did not know Pali, 
Volume II is now in press. 

Calendar of the Papers of Bekjamin Franklin in the 
Library of the American Philosophical Society. Edited 
By I. Minis Hays. Philadelphia, 1908. Vol. I-V. 8vo. 
Two years ago the American Philosophical Society, of this city, cele- 
brated the two hundredth anniversary of the birth of Benjamin 
Franklin with highly appropriate ceremonies, and the proceedings 
were later published. As a further tribute to the memory of their 
Founder, this venerable Society has recently issued, in five octavo vol- 
umes, an exhaustive calendar of his papers preserved in their library r 
Letters to Franklin, from 1730 to 1790 ; letters of Franklin, from 17^7 
to 1790; letters to William Temple Franklin, from 1775 to 179Q; nnd 
a mass of miscellaneous papers* from 1742 to 1814, relating to Franklin, 
In the Ap[>endix will also be found a calendar of the Franklin papers 
in the library of the University of Pennsylvanitu The work of arrang- 
ing and editing this imf}ortant collection of original material was 
naturally entrusted to it« librarian, Dr I. Minis Hays, and to his knowl- 
edge and admirable arrangement we are indebted for this valuable con- 
tribution to American historical literature. He has made a careful 
summary of every letter and paper, verified names and date4»» indexed 
them, nnd the rich store of information he baa compiled is defending of 
the higheat commendation. A word of conipliment is also due for the 
excellent style in which the work has been produced. 


Notes and Queries, 

Lehakon County Imprints and BiBLionaAPHV, By ReT. P. C. 
CroU, D.D. 1908. 
The members of the Peimaylviinia Foderition of Hiatorical Societiei 
were quick to rocognize the nce<l of bibliographie* of the countiea of the 
Bute, and a committee was appointed to urgt; and encourage their 
preparation. The Hiatoricjil Society of Pennsylvania, and the Lancas- 
ter County Society, have made very coniiderable progress in the work 
of their respective couoties, and the Tioga County Historical So* 
ciety, the Washington C/Ounty Historical Society, and the Lebanon 
County Hietorical Society have printed their first compilations. The 
Rev. Dr, Croir^ '* Lebanon County Imprints and Bibliography/' pub- 
liiheil by the Historical Society of that county, ahowi a lealous spirit of 
research, but to make it of permanent value, full iniprinte should have 
been given. Some years ago, a bibliography of Cheater f 'ounty wai 
compiled, which has recently come into the posseesion of the State 

The CoKBTmrriON of St. John's Lodge. A Faobimilb Copy of 
THE Tho. Cahmick MS., A,D. 1727. By Julius F. Sachse, Li- 
brarian^ Philadelphia, 1908, 
The finding in the poasestion of one of the old Colonial families of 
Fennsylvania, of a MS, copy of the Conntitution of 8t. John's LcMlge. 
of Philadelphia, bearing the date 1727, settles the friendly controversy 
that \ii\s existed between the Masons of Maaaachusetts and Pennsylvania, 
as t4> which i» entitled to the honor of being the first in which Masonrj* 
was introduced, in favor of Pennsylvania by seven years. This iintique 
document of twenty-two pages, signed by Thomaa Carmick and repro- 
duced in facsimile, also proves that St, John's Lodge was the first Ma- 
Honic lodge founded on the western continents. The work is published 
under the direction of .the Committee on Library, at the request of the 
R. W. Grand Master of Pennsylvania. 

The Ancsstry of Rohalik Morris Johnson, Dauqhtbr of Qkobok 

Calvert Morris and Eliza heth Kuhn, his Wife, Compiled 

by R, Winder Johnson, Philadelphia, 1908. Vol. H., 4to, pp. 87, 

Printed for private circulation only, 

Afiet the first volume of this work bad been placed in the hands of 

Uie printer, the comj*iler visited Antwerp, where his reeearches enabled 

him to add much interesting data to h'w records of the Stier family. In 

the present volume a few additional English lines have been included 

irith the Ftemith ancestry, pedigrees, charts and facsimiles of auto* 

graphs trom original documents. The volume is an attractive piece of 

book making. 

4 ^^^^^ 


1 1 'i : ••" N N . 





Vol. XXXIII. 1909. No. 2. 

MING, JULY 30th, 1779. 


Colonel Adam Hubley, Jr., sou of Michael (1722-1804) 
and Rosina (Stumpf) Hubley (1719-1803), a well-known 
colonial family of Pennsylvania, was born about 1744. He 
married, January 21, 1772, Mary Evans, who died in June 
of 1794, and is buried in St. Peter's P. E. Church grounds, 
Third and Pine Streets, Philadelphia. They left issue. 

Colonel Hubley*s name appears early in the struggle for 
independence, as one of the signers of Billi* of Credit of 
Pennsylvania. He entered the Army October 27, 1775, as 
First Lieutenant in the First Pennsylvania Battalion, raised 
in pursuance of a resolution of Congress, October 12, 1775, 
recommending the Committee of Safety to raise a battalion 
to consist of eight companies. Colonel John Bull, who was 
elected by Congress, November 25, to command the battal- 
ion, resigned January 20, 1776, owing to difficulties with 
his officers, and on February 22, John Philip de Haas was 
elected to succeed him. The battalion participated in the 
Canada campaign, and after the expiration of its term of 
enlistment, became the nucleus for the formation of the 
VOL. XXXIII — 9 (129) 


Colonel Hnhley^s jQumal, 1779. 

SecoijJ Reginient, reiinsylvania Line. Huhley was coni- 
mieeioiied Miijorj Tenth PemiBjlvauia Line, December 6, 
1776^ and promoted Lieutenant Colonel, March* 12, 1777. 
In the campaign for the defence of the Delaware, he particv 
i|iated in the battles of Brandywine, Qermantown, and 
Whitemareh^ and m the night attack at Paoli hie regiment 
acted with meritorious bravery; he mentions that one pri- 
vate, William Leary, waa wounded in the Iiand hy a sword, 
in the right leg from a bayonet thrust, and had liis juw 
broken by the butt of a musket* On the formation of the 
Eleventh Regiment of the Line, he was appointed its Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, and w^hen Colonel Hartley resigned, Febru- 
ary 13, 1779, Lieutenant Colonel Commandant, Hubley at 
this date was the senior Lieutenant Colonel in the Penn- 
sylvania Line. 

When Washington deterniiijed on the expedition to pun- 
ish the hoBtile Six Nations in Western New York, Ilubley's 
regiment was assigned to Gen. Ilamfs brigade. General 
Sullivan opened his headquarters at Eastun, Penna., and on 
June 5, in coiu}»any with CiJonels Dayton and Pierce, vis* 
ited the Moravian town of Bethlehem, and ten days later he 
again visited the town with Generals Maxwell, Poor, and 
tw^enty officers, as escort to Lady AVashington, who had left 
headquarters and was en route to Mount Vernon, 

Colonel Hubley retired from the service January 1, 178K 
and on February 14 was appointed Lieutenant of Lancaster 
County, which office he filled with much ability to the close 
of the war. He also served in the Assembly from 1783- 
1787, and the State Senate, 1790. In 1793 he was ap- 
pointed one of the auctioneers of Philadelphia, his store 
being at No. 54, and hie dwelling No. 221, South Front 
Street. In the summer of that year, he fell a victim of the 
yellow* fever, then epidemic in the city, and his remains 
were interred in St, Peter's church yard. His grave is 
unmarked and unknown. 

The Journal of Colonel Hubley, while attached to Sulli- 
van's expeditiou against the Indians, is preserved in the 

Colonel Huble^s Journal, 1779. 


Manuscript Department of the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania; and although it has been printed in Miner's History 
of Wyoming J and in other forms, the records heretofore have 
not been strictly followed nor the illustrations reproduced. 
The subtitle to the Journal reads : 

Ad** Hubley, Jb. Journal on the Western ExpsDmoN Com- 
manded BY Major General Sullivan, July 80, 1779. 

Headquarters EasUm May S^th 1779. 

When the Army shall be fully Assembled the following 
arrangements are to take place — 

Light Corp to consist of 
Comm* by Brig-Gen. Hand. 

Armaods, Hubleys 

6 companies itogers 
W- Butlen Bfett" 
Morgans Cor^ h all volunteers 
who may join the army. 

Maxwells Brig' consists of 

Dayton, Schreeve 
Ogden, Spencer h form ye right of 
first line 

Poor's Brig* consists of 

I Geiley, Reed 

Scammell, Courtland h form the 
left of the first line. 

late Liyingston's, Dubois 
Qainsworih, Olden ; Sl form the 
2** line or Reserves. 

132 Colonel Hublcy's Journal, 1779. 

The right of the first line to be covered by 100 Men 
draughted from Maxwells Brigade, the left to be covered 
by 100 men, detach'd from Poors Brigade, each flank of the 
2** line, to be covered by 50 Men detach'd from Clintons 
Brigade, the flanking Division on the right to consist of 
Hubley's Regiments, and a draught from the line of 100 
Men, the flanking Division on the left, to consist of the 
German Battalion & 100 Men draughted from the line. 

Order of March. 

The Light Corps will advance by the right of the Com- 
panies in files & keep at least one Mile in front, — Maxwell's 
Brigade will advance by its right, in files, Sections or 
Platoons as the Country will admit. Poors Brigade will 
advance by its left in the same manner, Clintons Brigade 
will advance by the right of Regiments, in platoons, files or 
Sections, as the country will admit, all the covering parties 
and flanking Divisions on the right will advance by their 
left, those on the left of the anny will advance by their right 
the Artillery & Pack horses are to March in the Centre. 

Should the army be attacked in front while on its march, 
the light Corps will immediately form to repulse the Enemy, 
the flanking Divisions will endeavour to gain the flanks and 
rear of the Enemy. While the line is forming, the Pack 
horses will -in all cases, fall into the possition represented 
on the anexed plan. Should the enemy attack on either 
flank, the flanking Division attacked will form a front, and 
sustain the attack till reinforcid, in which case a part of the 
Light Corps is to be immediately detach'd, to gain the 
enemys flank and rear, the covering parties of the 2** line 
moove to gain the other flank, should the enemy attack our 
rear, the 2"** line will face & form a front to the enemy, the 
covering parties of the first line, will moove to sustain it 
while the flanking Division face about & endeavour to gain 
their flank, & rear. Should the Light troops be driven 
back, they will pass thro' the intervals of the main Army & 
form in the rear. Should the enemy in an engagement 
with the army when formed endeavour either flank, the 






S ^ ' 



-' '^# 




- '^\. . * 








\ ^^r- -:-- 
















« ■■ 



l{^ 1* '^^^^^ 









Galonel Uublet/s Jownal, 1779, 


coveriug party will laoovo np to leugthen rlie line and so 
iimeh a» may be found necessary from the flanking divisions 
will display ontwards t*:) prevent the attempt from sneceed- 
ing, the Light Corp will have their advance k flank Guards 
at a good distance from their main body, the flanking Divi* 
sion will furnish flunk guards, and the 2'*'* line a Rear 
(Inard fur the Main army. 

When we find the Light Corp engaged in front, the front 
ot the pack horses halt ^ the rear close up while the 
colnnins nioove in a small Distance, close and display, which 
will bring the Horses in the possition on the plan for the 
order of Battle, should the attack be made on us either in 
flank or in Rear, the horses must be kept in the position 
they are at the commencement of the attack, uidess other 
orders are then given* 

Wtfomimj (N Penm. Jfdjj SO^^ 1779. 

Wyoming is situated on the East side of the East 
branch of Suhquebannah, the Town consisting of about 70 
Houses, chiefly Logg-buildings, besides those buildings there 
are sundry larger ones which were errected by the Army for 
tlie purpose of re("<Mvin2' j^tore?^ &*\, a large Bake and 
Smoak houses. 

There is likewise a small Fort errected in the Town with 
a strong Abattas around it, and a email redoubt to shelter 
the Inhabitants in case of an Alarm, This Fort is Garri- 
soned by one hundred men draughted from the Western 
Army and put under the Command of Colo: Zeb*" Butler, 

I cannot ommit taking notice of the poor Inhabi*' of this 
Tow^n, two thirds of them are Widdows i Orphans, w^ho by 
the vile hands of the savages have been most cruely deprived 
some of tender husbands some Indulgent parents and others 
of aiiect* friends k acquaintances, besides robbM & plun- 
tiered of all their furniture and Cloathing. In short they 
are left totaly dependent on the public and are become ab- 
solute objects of charity. 

The situation of this place is elegant k delightful. It 
composes an extensive Valley, bonndoij both on the East k 


Colonel Hvbley's Jowmal, 1779. 

West aide of the river, by larjce uhahi^i of Muuiitains. The 
valley a mere Garden, of an excellent rich Soil^ abounding 
with large Timber of all kinds, and thro' the Centre the 
East branch of Susqnehannah. 

Warning w Pemmjl^ July St"* 1779. 

Agreeable to orders, niarch'd the Western Army under 
the Command of Mtyor General Sullivan in following order 
from tbis place to Tioga viz* 

Took np the line of March, about 1 "'Clock p.m. viz* Light 
Corp advanced in front uf Muiti body, about one Mile, van 
Guard conmnting uf 24 men under conuiiand of a Subaltern, 
k joined by L* Colonel Brice, a volunteer, advan'd about 200 
yds. in front of the whole* Then proceeded Gen*' Max- 
wells & Poom Brigades (main body) followed by Pack horsen 
and cattle, after which, one complete Regiment, taken AU 
ternately from Maxwells A Poors Brigade (compo8*d the 
Rear Guard). 

Observed, the Country much broken, k Mountainiousj. 
Wood chiefly low & conipoaM of Pine only. I was struck 
on this dayB march with the rninti of a number of Houses, 
chiefly built of Logs, k Inhabited as I have been infonu'd 
by an industrious sett of Inhabitants tho' Poor, yet happy 
with their situation, untill that envied moment when the 
British Tyrant, let loose upon them, his Emissaries, tin* 
Savages uf the Wood, who not only destroy'd k laid waist 
those Cotages, but in cool blood niasacred, and cut of tlie 
Inhabitants, not even sparing the gray locks or lielples« 

About 4 o'clock p.m. arrived on a most beautifxil plain 
covered with abundance of Grass, soil excessive rich, thro* 
which run a delightful stream of Water, known by the 
name of Ltfrkuwanai/^ crossed and cncanip'd about one mile 
on the North side of the same, advanced about half mile 
in front of Main body. After nig) it sett in i^ith rain, 
continued until morning. Distance of March tliis day 10 






^ I ^ 

„ 3 
= 3 

» 5* 


2 3 

3 •< I 


) 1 5 

= i 

2 3 





Colonel Hubleys Journal, 1779. 


Sunday^ August /'*, 

Continued at Lackmomiajfy waiting for the fleets which by 
reason of considerable rapids was detained until nearly 
12 o'clock this day, before the rear could possibly cross 
them. In getting thro' lost two boats, chief of their cargoes 
where saved* About 2 *'clock p.m. the whole arrived oppo- 
site our Encampment, in consequence of which received 
Orders for a march, struck tents accordingly k moved about 
8 ''Clock P.M. About one mile distant from Encampment 
entered the Narrows on the River, first detaching left 
column under com^ of Capt Bush, to join the right column 
of the Light Corp, and cross the Mountain^ which ^vns al* 
most inaccessible^ in order to cover the Army from falling 
in an Ambuscade, whilst passing thro* the defile^ — found 
passage thro' the defile exceeding difficult and troublesome, 
owing to the badness of the path. We passed by a most 
beautiful Cataract, called the Spring falls, to attempt a 
discription of it, would almost be presumption. Let this 
short account thereof suffice : The first or upper fall thereof 
ie nearly 90 feet perpindicular, pouring from a soUid Rock, 
ushering forth a most beautiful Echo, and is received by a 
Clifl of rocks, considerably more projected that the former, 
from whence it rolls gradualy and emptys into Susque- 
hannali. Light Corp passed k got thro* the defile about 
6 o'clock P.M., arriv'd about Dusk at a place called Qimluti- 
mM;i/r, and Eucamp*d one mile in front of the place, occu- 
pied that night by the Main Army. 

The Main Army on ace** of the dificult passage march'd 
nearly all night before they reach'd their Encamping 
ground, great quantities of Baggage being dropt k left lying 
that night, oblig'd ub to continue on the ground. All the 
proceeding day, numbers of our pack horses where sent 
back & eniploy'd in bringing on the scattered stores Ac. 
Distance of March this day about 7 miles, fine clear even- 
ing, QuiaJutmwik is a spot of Ground, situate on the 
River, tine open k clear, quantity about 1200 Acres, soil 
very rich, Timber fine, grass in abundance, k contains sev- 
eral exceeding fine Springs. 

136 Colofiel llubleys Journal 1779. 

MomUiy^ Atu/usi ^"**. 

In consequence of the difficult & tedioun March the pre- 
ceeding day, the Army received orders to continue on the 
ground this day, in the mean time to provide themselves 
with five days provision, and getting every other matter in 
perfect readiness for a march next morning, 6 *'clock. 
Nothing material happened during our stay on this ground. 

Tuesday the ^''. 

Agreeable to orders, took up the line of March 6 o'clock 
A.M. Took the mountains. After we assended, found them 
exceeding level for at least 6 miles. Land tolerable, the 
Timber vizt. Pine k White Oak chiefly large. About three 
mile from Quiabifinumk we crossed near another Cataract 
which decent the mountain in three successive falls, the last 
of which is equaly if not superior to the one already de- 
scribed, altho' its not quite so high it is much wider, and 
likewise empties into Susqwhanah seemingly white as 
Milch. They are commonly known by the name of Butter 
Milch falls. 

About 12 o'clock we decented the Mountain, near tlie 
river, March'd about one Mile on flat piece of Land, and 
arrived at Tunkhanminh^ a beautiful stream of Water so 
called, which empties into Susquehannah. Cross'd the 
same, and encamped on the River, about 1 o'Clock p.m. 
Nothing material happened this day, excepting a discovery 
of two Indians, by the party on the West side of the river. 
Indians finding themselves rather near the party where 
obliged to leave their cannoe k make thro' the Mountains. 
Party took possession of the cannoe, and brought it to their 
encamping place for that evening, immediately opposite the 
Main Army, — distance of March this day 12 mile. 

Wednesday the 4,^, 

The Army w^as in motion 5 *'Clock a.m., and moved up 
the river, for three miles, chiefly on the beach, close under 
an almost inaccesable Mountain. We then ascended the 


y ifc 








. "^^ 

S. • " k 



'\ ■ 









i~r^^^ — " 




Cdonel Hubley's Journal, 1779, 


^anie, with greatest diticulty, and continued on it for near 
eeveii mile, a considerable distance from the River, — the 
Path along the Mountain was exceedingly rough, and cftr- 
ried U8 thro' eeveral very coivsideralile Swanif>s in \vhieh 
where large Morraseee. The lands in general thin k brokeii^ 
abounds with Wild Deer and other Game. We then De- 
scended the Mountain, and at tlie foot of it, crossM a small 
Creek called MasstL^ppe (immediately where it cmptiea into 
the river), we then continued up the same until we made 
Vanderlips Farm^ discovered several old Indian Eneanip- 
mentft, one of them iippear'd to have been veiy large. 

The Lands after crossing Massasppe^ ai^e exceedingly fine 
k rich, the soil very black & well Timbered, chiefly with 
black Walnut, which are remarkable large, some not less 
than 6 feet over, and excessive higli. Its likewi»se well cal- 
culated for making fine and extensive Meadows* The Main 
Array took post for this Night on Vitjuhrhps faniu and the 
Infantry advanced about one mile higher up, and encamp'd 
about one o'Clock i\M., on a place known by the name of 
Williamsons farm. Distance of itarch this day 14 miles, 
fine clear day, very hot, 

Thursday the 5*K 

In consequence of orders, issued last evening to march 
this Morning 5 o'Clock, we struck tents k loaded baggage. 
But Boats being considerably impeded by the rapi»idne8S of 
the Water, Bome Miles below our encampment, could not 
reach us & where obliged to halt all night. Did not join us 
till 9 o'clock A,M., all which time we were oblig'd to halt, 
on their arrival the whole Army where put in motion, and 
as more Dangers on this Days March was apprchendeil, 
than any before, the following disposition of the Army took 
place vizt. The right & left columns of the Light Corf> 
conducted by Genh Hand, moov'd along the Top of a verj^ 
high mountain. Main body of Light Corp under Colo. 
Huhleys Command, with an advance of 24 men, moov'd on 
the beach several mile on the edge of the Water, The 
Main Army followed by the baggage &e. flank'd on their 


Colonel Hubleys Journal, 1779* 

ri^ht by 400 men, who had likewiBo to take this Mmintain, 
thne we iiiuovM for sevonil mile, then arrived in a small 
Valev, called Depute farm, the land very good* ObservM 
and reconnoitred this ground for some distance, it Wing the 
jjlaoe on which Colo. Hartley was attacked by the savages 
lost year on his return from Tioga to Wyoming. The Coun- 
try being fine & open,isonie loas waa fiuatained on both sides, 
the savages at last gave way and Colo, Hartley pursued his 
rout t4i Wyoming without further Molestation* Continued 
our Marcli for about one mile k foriu'd a junt'tion with the 
parties on the right fianka^ assended a high mountain and 
march \1 for woine miletn on the same. Laiid jioor, Timber 
l»ut snuill, chiefly Pine, after which decented the Mountain 
nearly one mile in length and arrived in a tine k large 
Valley, known by the name of Wyahtsing^ the Main Army 
look post at this place and the Infanlry advanc*d about 
one mile in front of them, and Kucamp'd about 2 o'Clock 
P.M. Clear bat very warm day — distance of March this day 
10| miles. 

This Valley wtii formerly ealTd Old-Mans fnnu k oi^eupied 
by the Indians k White people together, they had jibout 60 
Houses, a considerable Moravian Meeting-house & sundry 
other public buildings, Imt Kince the coinnicucemont <»f the 
prebcnt War, the whole luia been consumed k laid waist, 
partly by the savages & partly by our own people. The 
land is extrodionary, calculated chiefly for meadows. The 
gra8*s at this time is almost beyoiul description, high k thick, 
chiefly lilue grass and the soil of tlie land very rich. The 
Valkii contains about 1200 Acres of land, bounded ou one 
side l»y au almost iiiaccessable Mountain k on the other by 
the river Sustpiehanuah. 

Friday Axigusi 6^, 

Tlic Boats not arriving before late this (hiy, the Army re- 
ceived ordem to continue on the ground. In the mean time 
to be provided with three Days provisions, get their Arms 
& accoutrements in perfect order, and be in readiness for a 
March, Early tomorrow morning. A Sul>. k 24 Men from 

UO Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

they brought off. This evening the scout (of 3 men) send 
up to Shackshenea^ some days since, return'd, without mak- 
ing any discoveries. 

Qenl. Sullivan on aceo' of his Indisposition came on this 
day in the boat. 

Monday^ August 9^. 

The Boats not being able to reach Wesauking the ground 
on which Light Corps encampt, preceeding evenings, The 
Main body in consequence thereof took post & encamped 
at Standing Stone, about three mile below. Light Corp En- 
campment, for protection of the Boats. 

The Light corps on acco* of their detatch'd situation from 
Main body, the preceeding evening, and apprehending some 
danger, being considerably advanced in the Enemys Coun- 
try, for their greater Security, stood under Arms, from 8 
•'Clock A.M. untill day-light, where then dismissed, with 
orders to hold themselves in readiness at a moments warn- 
ing. Previous to their dismissal my Light Infantry C* was 
send out to reconnoiter the vicinity of Encampment, returned 
about 7 o'clock a.m., made no discovery. 

This Morning 9 o'Clock, boats hove in sight, in conse- 
quence thereof received orders to strike Tents & be in readi- 
ness for a March. Main Army in the meantime arriv'd 
about 10 o'clock, the whole was in motion. Marched thro' 
a difficult Swamp, at North end of same, cross'd a small 
stream and asscended a hill. Land poor, & wood but indif- 
ferent, about 12 o'clock p.m. decended the same, and 
entered a small valley, continued about half mile, when we 
assended a very remarkable high mountain generally known 
by the name of Break-neck-MU. 

This mountain derives its name from the great heighth, 
the difficult k narrow passage, not more than one foot 
wide, and remarkable presipice, which is immediately per- 
pendicular, k not less than 180 feet deep. One miss-step 
must inevidably carry you from top to bottom without least 
hope or chance of recovery. At North end of same entered 
a most extensive k beautiful Valley, call'd Sheshecununck. 

Colonel Utibley's Journal, 1779. 


Gen' Sullivan w**" a number of officers made a halt here at 
a moat beautiful Run of Water, took a bite of dinner & 
refre^hnieiit of Spirit k Watter, continued near an hour and 
then proceded on along the Valley, which very particularly 
struck my attention. Any quantity of Meadow May be 
made here, abounds w*"* all kinds of wood, particularly 
White Oak, Hickory i black Walnut, the ground covered 
with grass k Pea- wines, the 8oil in general very rich. About 
4 o'clock P.M. arrived on the Bank of the river. The whole 
Eocamp'd in a line, on a most beautiful plain calFd Upper- 
She^h€ctitfH)icJi\ this |dain consists chiefly in a meadow, the 
grass remarkably thick k high. On our arrival here, made 
discoveries of some new Indian trace, places on which fire 
had just been k fresh bows cut, and appeared as if the place 
had just been occupy 'd a few^ hours before (»iir arrival. 
Distance of march this day 9} mile. 

TtuMlay Auymi W^. 

Set in with rain and Boats not reachini^ this place before 
9 o'clock this morning. Army received orders to continue 
on the ground nntill further orders. Men drew k cook'd 
two days provisions. 

One Regiraent from each of the Brigades attended Gen' 
Sullivan, the General k Field Officers of tlie Army, whilst 
they wei'e reconnoitering the River and Ground near Tioga 
branch about 3 mile above this place. Return VI without 
any discoveryg worthy remark, about 4 o'clock r.M. 

Wtdnesdan Auffmt IP*, 

Agreeable to orders, The Array moov'd this morning 8 
o'clock A.M. ill the usual order, Light Corp moov'd half an 
hour before the Main Body, and took post on the Banks of 
the river, near the fording place. On the arrival of the 
Main Army k Boats, Colo. Forrest drew up his Boat at 
the fording place A fired several six pounders on the opposite 
shore in order to scour the woods and thickets, and prevent 
any Ambuscades from taking place. In the mean time the 


Golonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

Light Corp, march'd by platoons link'd together (on account 
of the rappidity ot the Water) and forded the same, and 
effected a Landing abont nine o'clock, they immediately 
advanc'd about 100 yards across the river and form'd in 
line of Battle in order to cover the landing of the Main 
Army which we savely effected about 10 o'clock a.m., after 
which came on Pack-horses cattle &c. covered by a Regi- 
ment which compos'd the rear Guard. About half past ten 
o^clock the whole moov'd in following order. 

Order of March up Tioga Flats. 

I ' 

S I 



Colo. Hubleys 



Reg* Rqj' 

Gen^ Maxwell's Brigade 

Light Corps 
Qen. Hand. 

Gen* Poora Brigade 







Colonel Hubhys Journal, 1779. 


Previous to our arrival on the flats, we bad to pass about 
one k half iiiile thro' a dark difficult swamp, which wa» 
covered with weeds & considerable oiidenvcxxls, interspersM 
with large Timber chiefly Button wood. We then entered 
the Flats, near the place on which Queeti Esthers pal lace 
stood, and was deetroy'd by Colo, HartleyB detachment last 
Fall. The granrf is remarkable thick 4 high, we cont* along 
the same for abont one mile & arrived at the entrance ot 
THoga branch into Susquehantmb. About 1 o'clock w*e 
cro88*d the .same and landed on a Peninsula of land which 
extendi toward Chemung and is bounded on the East by 
Susquehannah & on the West by Tioga branch and con- 
tinued up the same for about two miles & a half, and En- 
camp Vl. This Peninsula is composed of excellent Medow 
& Upland, Grass in plenty and Timber of all kind, and soil 
in general gooi Distance of march this day 5 mile. Since 
our arrival a scout of 8 men was ordered np to reconoiter 
Chemung and endeavour to make diecoveries of the number 
of Savages & their situation if possible. 

Thursday Aug* 18, 

TiooA Plain i — This being a place calculated to cover the 
Western Army during the Expedition to the Northward of 
it, A garrison for that purpose is to remain until our 
return. Sundry Works for the security of the same are 
now erecting about 2J Miles distant from where Tioga 
branch empties into Susquehannah, and where the two 
rivers are but about 190 yards distance from each other, 
those Works to extend from river to river. 

Capt. Cummings with his Scout (sent out last evening) 
returned this day 11 o'clock a,m., made several discoverys 
at Chemung^ an Indian Village 12 Miles distance from this 
place* In consequence of which a council of War sat k 
Determined an Expedition should immediately take place 
for the reduction of the same. The Army (two Regiments 
excepted) received orders to be in readiness for an imine- 


Colonel flubleys Jotinml, 1779, 

<liat€ mareli. 8 o'clock p.m. the whole where in motion 
aiul prooeedeel fur CheniuDg, 

Friday/ AiKjmt W 1779. 

The Army liaving rnareh'd last evening 8 o'clock P3i. in 
the following order vizt. Light Corp under Com^ of Gen. 
Hand led the Van, then followed Geng, Poor and Maxwells 
Brigade-i< wln<'h f*>rmed Main bodj^ & Corps de reserve, the 
whole under immediate command of Maj', Gen\ Sullivan. 
The night being excessive dark and the want of proper 
guides, impeded our march, besides which we bad several 
considerable detiles to march thro' that we could not possi- 
i»ly reach Chemum/ till after tlay-light. The morning being - 
foggy, favoured our enterprize, f)or Pilot on our arrival 
from t?orae disagreeable emotions he felt, could not find thi^ 
Town, We discovered a iew Hutts which we surrounded, 
but found them Vacated. After about one hours search, v^re 
came upon the Main town. The following disposition for 
Hurprizing the same wio^ ordered to take place, viz^ Two 
Regiments one from the Light Corp & one from Main body 
were ordered to cross the river and prevent the Enemy from 
making their eecapc that way (should they still hold the 
Town) The remainder of the Light Corp viz* 2 Indep' 
Companiei^ k My Regiment under Com"* of Brig' Hand were 
to make the sittaek on the Town, Gen' Poor was imraid*^ 
to moove up and support the Light Corp. We moov'd in 
this order accordingly but the savages probably having dis- 
covered aur Scouting party the preceeding day, defeated 
our Enterprize by evacuating the village previous to our 
eoniing, carrying off with them nearly all their furniture 
and stock, and leaving an empty village only, which fell an 
eawy conquest, about ij o'clock a.m. The situation of this 
village was beautiful, it contained 50 or 60 Housea^ chiefly 
build of Loggs k frames situate on the banks of Tioga 
branch and on a most fertile k beautiful extensive plain, \he 
Irtnd chiefly calculated for meadows and the soil rich. 

Colonel Hubley's Journal^ 1779. 


The Army continued for some small apace in the Town, 
Gen* Hand in the mean time advanced my Light Infan' 
Comp'' under Capt^ Bush about one miJe beyond the Village 
on a path ^ leads to a small Indian Ilabitation called New- 
town. On Cap* Bush's arrival there, he discovered fires 
burning, an Indian Dog ^ lay asleep, a number of Bearskins, 
some blankets Ac. He immediately gave information of 
his discoveries, in consequence of which the remainder part 
of the Light Corp v\z^ the two Indep* Companies & My Reg* 
under Gen' Hands command were ordered to moove some 
miles up the path, and endeavour if possible to make 
some discoveries, we accordingly proceeded on in the fol- 
lowing order viz* Cap* Walker I 24 Men, composed the van, 
then 11*^ Reg* under my command after >- the two Indep* 
Com^'^* the whole, covered on the left by Tioga branch & on 
tlie right by Cap* Bush's Infantry co» of 40 Men^ — in this 
order we moov*d some what better than a mile beyond the 
place, the fires first were discovered when our Van was fired 
upon by a party of savages who lay conceal'd on a high hill 
immediately upon our right and which Cap* Bush had not 
yet made. We immediately formed a front with ray Regi- 
ment, pushed up the Hill with a degree of intrepidity seldom 
to be met with, and under a very severe fire from the 
savages. Cap* Bush in the mean time endeavoured to gain 
the Enemys rear. They — Enemy seeing the determined 
resolutions of our troops, retreated and according to custom^ 
previous to our dislodging them carried off their wounded 
& dead, by which means they deprived us from coming to 
the knowledge of their loss. 

The ground on tlie opposite side of the Mountain or ridge 
on which the action commene'd, being compos*d of Swamp 
& low gnias covered with underwood Ac. favoured their 
retreat, and prevented our pursuing them, by which means 
they got off. 

Our lo»8 on this occasion which totaly (excepting two) 
fell on my Regiment was as follows vz* Two Captains, one 
Ad^jut, one guide A eight privates wounded, and one Serg*, 
VOL. xxxiii, — ^10 

146 Colonel Uuhley's Journal, 1779. 

one Drumer & four privates kill'd* Officers names viz^ Cap^ 
Walker (slight wound) Cap* Carbury & Adj* Huston (1 fear 

We, after gaining the summit of the hill & dislodging the 
Enemy mareh'd by the right of Companies in 8 columns 
and continued along the same untill the arrival of Gen' 
Sullivan we then halted for some little time, and then 
retum'd to the village, which was instantly laid in Ashes 
and a party detach'd to cross the river & destroy the Corn, 
beans, Pumpkins, Squashes & other Vegetables &c of w*" 
there were several very extensive fields, and those articles 
in the greatest perfection. Whilst the Troops were engag'd 
in this business Gton'* Poor & Maxwells Brigades were iired 
upon, lost one man killed k several wounded. The whole 
business being compleated, we returned to the ruins of the 
Village halted some little time and received Orders to return 
to Tioga pUdn^ at which place we arrived 8 o'clock p.m., 
considerably fatigued. Least the Savages should discover 
our loss after leaving the place, I had the dead bodys of 
my Reg* carried along, fix'd on horses and brought to this 
place for interment 

The expedition from first to last continued 24 hours, of 
which time my Regiment was imploy'd without least inter- 
mission 28 hours. The whole of our march not less than 
40 miles. 

(To be continued.) 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-J871. 147 


Arranged and Edited with an Introduction and Noten. 


(Concluded from page 85.) 


1187. Meeschert Miss LiiiT. ''For 

her Father." 30x25 1871 

Bfaiy Elizabeth Albertine, daughter of 1185, married John 
Blackwood Grant and resides at Douglassville, Pa. 

1188. Meeschert Senr. Mr., '' copy 

from a daugerreot3rpe of 

the late, for his son." 30 x 25 1871 

Huisinga Meeschert (1806-1871) was born in Philadelphia 
and was a noted hon vivarU. In his latter days he grew to 
such an enormous siie that locomotion was impossible 
for him. He was the last to drive about the city with a 
footman standuig on a rack at the back of his carriage. 

1189. Metcalp Thos., "for Dr 

Dewees." Bust 1811 

1190. MiDDLETON Miss. Head 1856 

1191. MiDDLETON Miss, "& sister. 

For their father." — 
"Painted for mjrself as 
their father counter- 
manded." Bust 1866 

1192. MiDDLETON Mrs. A., "of 

South Carolina." Eit-kat 1816 

146 Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

one Drumer & four privates kill'd. Officers names viz* Cap* 
Walker (slight wound) Cap* Carbury & Adj* Huston (1 fear 

We, after gaining the summit of the hill & dislodging the 
Enemy march'd by the right of Companies in 8 columns 
and continued along the same untill the arrival of Gen* 
Sullivan we then halted for some little time, and then 
retum'd to the village, which was instantly laid in Ashes 
and a party detach'd to cross the river ft destroy the Corn, 
beans, Pumpkins, Squashes & other Vegetables &c of w** 
there were several very extensive fields, and those articles 
in the greatest perfection. Whilst the Troops were engag'd 
in this business Gen*' Poor & Maxwells Brigades were fired 
upon, lost one man kill'd & several wounded. The whole 
business being compleated, we return^ to the ruins of the 
Village halted some little time and received Orders to return 
to Tioga plain^ at which place we arrived 8 o'clock p.m., 
considerably fatigued. Least the Savages should discover 
our loss after leaving the place, I had the dead bodys of 
my Reg* carried along, fix'd on horses and brought to this 
place for interment 

The expedition from first to last continued 24 hours, of 
which time my Regiment was imploy'd without least inter- 
mission 28 hours. The whole of our march not less than 
40 miles. 

(To be continued. ) 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 147 


Arranged and Edited with an Introduction and Notei*. 


(Concluded from page 85.) 


1187. Meeschert Miss Lii^y. ''For 

her Father." 30x25 1871 

Mary Elizabeth Albertinei daughter of 1185, married John 
Blackwood Grant and resides at Douglassville, Pa. 

1188. Meeschert Senr. Mr., '' copy 

from a daugerreotype of 

the late, for his son." 30 x 25 1871 

Huisinga Meeschert (1806-1871) was born in Philadelphia 
and was a noted hon vivatU. In his latter days he grew to 
such an enormous sise that locomotion was impossible 
for him. He was the last to drive about the city with a 
footman standing on a rack at the back of his carriage. 

1189. Metcalf Thos., "for Dr 

Dewees.'' Bust 1811 

1190. MiDDLETON Miss. Head 1856 

1191. MiDDLETON Miss, "& sister. 

For their father."— 
"Painted for myself as 
their father counter- 
manded." Bust 1856 

1192. MiDDLETON Mrs. A., "of 

South Carolina." Kit^kat 1816 

148 Thomas Sull^s Register of Portraits, ISOl'lSll. 


1193. MiDDLETON Mrs. Jn. Izard, 

"copy from my former 

Pict." Kit-kat 1826 

There is no ''former picture" under the name of Afn. John 
Izard Middleton, in the Register. Sully has mther made a 
mistake in the Christian name (vide 1192) or has failed to 
enter the "former picture," or it was painted under her 
maiden name. There were two Mesdames of this name 
at the same period. Owned by Mrs. Hawkins K. Jenkins, 
South Carolina. 

1194. MiDDLETON Mrs. H., "of 

Charleston for her son." Bust 1831 

1195. Millar G. "Modeller.'' Head 1815 

Qeorge M. Miller (d. 1819) was doubtless a German as we 
find his name spelled Miiller. He was a potter, stonecutter, 
and modeller, and executed a fine bas relief of Washington 
in possession of the writer and one of JefiFerson in the Amer. 
Phil. Soc. See the writer's " life Portraits of Washington 
and of JefiFerson" in McClwre's Magasine, Feb., 1897, p. 
305, and May, 1898, p. 52, for extended notices of Miller. 

1196. Miller Dr., "of New York." Kit-kat 1812 

1197. Miller Gen. "Design for 

Medal." 10x12 1822 

James Miller (1776-1851). Entered the army in 1808 as 
Major of the 4th Infantry and saw important service in the 
War of 1812. At the battle of Lundy's Lane he captured a 
British battery which decided the fortune of the day. For 
this service he was brevetted Brigadier General and re- 
ceived a gold medal from Congress. 

1198. Miller Jno. S. "Merchant." Head 1835 

1199. Miller Mrs., "of Tennessee." 24x20 1845 

1200. Miller Mrs,, "of New York, 

late Miss Wheatly. " Head 1854 

1201. Minis Miss, "Georgetown S. 

C. Mother was D. Cohen. " Bust 1833 

Sarah Anna Minis (1811-1884) of Savannah, Qa., m. Dr. 
Isaac Hays, of Philadelphia. Owned by Miss Hays, Phila. 

Thomas Sulljf's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 149 


1202. Minor Miss Catharine, "of 

Natchez.'' Kit^kat 1816 

1203. Minor Miss Fanny, "of 

Natchez." Eit-kat 1816 

1204. Mitchell Master G., "from 

a Daugerreotjrpe." Head 1864 

1206. Mitchell Master G., "Be- 
gan a 2nd Portrait of 
Mitchell's son." Hcau 1864 

1206. Mitchell Mrs., "for her hus- 

band." Head 1863 

1207. Mitchell Miss Sally. 12 x 10 1806 

1208. MoALB Mr. Saml. "Attor- 

ney." Bust 1823 

1209. Monroe Colonel, " Ex Pres. 

U. S. for M. A. W. P. 
The 2 first named were 
begun at Washington. 
The Presd. at his place 

Oak HiU." Head 1829 

"The 2 first" were 1136 and 1164. 

1210. Monroe Ex. Prbst., "for 

West Point." Whole length 1832 

James Monroe (1768-1831) should always be remembered 
as an honest and an upright politician and his administra- 
tion has been designated "the era of good feeling." 1209 is 
owned by the Union League of Philadelphia and 1210 by 
the U. S. Military Academy at West Point. 

1211. Monroe Mrs. " Sister to Mrs 

Cruggar New York." Head 1843 

Vide 379 and 458. 

150 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-187 L 


1212. Monroe Mrs. James, ''for her 

brother Douglas." Bust 1844 

This could not have been the wife of the President^ who was 
Elisabeth Kortright and died in 1830. 

1213. Monroe Miss Fanny, "for 

her uncle W Douglas. " Bust 1844 

1214. Montgomery Dr. DD,, "for 

Dr. Wiltbank." Bust 1833 

James Montgomery (1787-1834) was bom in Philadelphia, 
graduated at Princeton, admitted to the bar and entered 
the ministry in 1816 under Bishop White, whose grand- 
daughter he married. He was rector of St. Stephen's 
Church, Phila., from 1823 until his death. 

1215. Montgomery Miss Mary. Bust 1816 

Daughter of 1217 (1794-1865), married 1174, March 5, 1815. 
This portrait was retouched by Sully in 1837 and is owned 
by W granddaughter Miss Emily Williams Biddle, of 

1216. Montgomery Mr. J., "for 

Mrs Phillips." Kit-kat 1818 

1217. Montgomery Mrs. Bust 1816 

John Crathome Montgomery, 1216, married Nov. 25, 1817, 
Elisabeth Henrietta Philips, 1312. 1216 and 1217 were 
owned by Austin J. Montgomery, of Philadelphia. 

1218. Moore Mrs., ''of Baltimore." 12 x 10 1804 

1219. MoRDAci Capt., "of Arsenal 

atFrankford." Head 1836 

Alfred Mordeciu (1804-1887) graduated first in the dass 
of 1823, U. S. Military Academy at West Point, and was a 
member of the military commission from this government 
to the Crimea in 1855-57 and his report was published by 
order of Congress. He attained the rank of Major and 
resigned at the breaking out of the rebellion, being a North 
• Carolinian by birth, but took no active part in the war. 

Thomas sSuUys RegiHer of PoHraiU, 1801'187L 151 


1220. MoREAu GsNSRALi " copied 

fromaMin." Bust 1816 

Jean Victor Moreau (1763-1813), a French soldier and th« 
only military rival of Napoleon, who exiled him in 1804. 
He came to this country and settled at Moirisville, on the 
Delaware River, opposite Trenton, and when war between 
Great Britain and this country was imminent President 
Madison offered Moreau the command of the U> S. troops, 
which he was about to accept when Napoleon's disastrous 
Ruaaian campaign decided him to return to Europe. He 
entered a campaign against Napoleon and fell mortally 
wounded at the battle of Dresden. 

1221. Morgan Mr., *'a subscriber 

forMrRawle/' Bust 1808 

Benjamin R. Moi^n (1765-1840)} a prominent lawyer of 

1222. Morris Ga8P£R| "a aub- 

ecnber." Bust 1808 

1223. Morris Gasper, "copied 

from my port/' Bust 1828 

1224. Morris Mrs. Ga8?ab* Bust 1808 

1225. Morris Gouvenier, **a sub- 

scriber for Mr Meredith/' Kit-kat 1808 

Gouverneur Morris (1752-1816), member of Conatttutional 
Convention, 1787, Minister to France^ 1792, and elected U. S. 
Senator in April, 1800. Mr. Meredith (1 182) married the aieoe 
of 1225. Owned by Miss Catharine K. Meredith, Philadelphia. 

1226. Morris Gouvenier, "copied 

from the first. ' * Half length 1808 

Owned by grandehOdren of Aflr, Morris, Morrisania, N, Y. 
Engraved by J. B. Longacre. 

1227. Morris Mrs. T., "painted 

when on a visit to N, 

York.'' Bust 1814 

&ay Kane (1778-1853) married May 28, 179^, Thomas, 
second son of 1230. 0\^Tied by C, F* M. Stark, of Dun- 
barton, N. Hamp. 

162 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 


1228. Morris Mr. T. B., "South 

St." Bust 1823 

1229. Morris Mrs. T. B., "of South 

St." Bust 1822 

1230. Morris Robert. "Retouch- 

ing a copy of Otis from 

Stuart." Bust 1824 

Robert Morris (1734-1806), signer of the Declaration of 
Independence and financier of the American Revolution. 
"Without Robert Morris the sword of Washington would 
have rusted in its sheath." Owned by the ffistorical Society 
ofPenna. There must have been conaderable "retouching," 
as the chaige was tl20, when Sully's regular price for 
portraits, at this time, was only $100. 

1231. Morris Thomas W. "Brew- 

er." Bust 1825 

Thomas Morris (1778-1840), fifth in descent from Anthony 
Morris, who came with Penn to found Pennsylvania. Owned 
by great-grandson T. Morris Perot, Phila. 

1232. Morrison Mrs., "of Arch 

St." Bust 1839 

Anne Morrison (1798-1866). Owned by Mrs. Frederic 
(3ollins, Philadelphia. 

1233. Morton Qeorge, "painted 

in Baltimore." Bust 1822 

1234. Morton Washington, "for 

Mrs. Schyler." Head 1807 

1235. Morton Mrs. W., "for P. 

Schyler Esq." Head 1807 

(3omelia Schuyler married Washington Morton. Vide 1482. 

1236. Moses Mr., "of New York." Bust 1808 

1237. MosHER Mr. "Son of Mrs 

Mosher of Georgetown." Bust 1853 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801^1871. 168 


1238. MoBHER Mrs. "Mother of 

Mrs Caperton." Bust 1853 

Vide 272. 

1239. Mozart, ''copied from a 

Print painted by Teisch- 

bein." 17x12 1862 

1240. MuLENBERG Mr., '' deceased 

from Peale's painting." Bust 1814 

The name should doubtless be spelled ''Muhlenburg." 

1241. Mulbnberg Mr., "2nd copy 

for Mr. Sheaf." Bust 1814 

1242. MuMFORD Mrs., "of Schen- 

nectady for Harding 

Page." Bust 1868 

1243. MuRDOCK Margaretta. Kit-kat 1811 

1244. MuRDOCK Mrs. "Sister of 

Alex Tumbull Esq." Head 1853 

1246. Mutter Mrs., "a subscriber 

to my low price $50." Head 1842 

1246. Myers Gustavus, "for his 

family." Head 1859 

1247. Myers Mr., "of Norfolk a 

subscriber." Bust 1808 

1248. Myers Mr. Kit^kat 1814 

John Myers (d. 1844). 

1249. Myers Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Merkin." Kit-kat 1814 

Catherine Miercken (1796-1874) was the dau^ter of Captain 
Peter Miercken, of Phila., and wife of 1248. 1248 and 
1249 are owned by Mrs. Dr. Laws, of Washington^ D. C. 
1249 is one of the finest portraits of women pamted by Sully. 

164 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1260. Napoleon, '' copied for Mr 

Alston of Georgetown." Bust 1825 

1251. Neagle Elizabeth, "for her 

brother." 24x20 1867 

1252. Neagle Qarrett. Head 1866 

To Mr. Oarrett Cross Neagle I am indebted for much assist- 
ance in the preparation of this work. Although his mother 
was the daughter of Thomas Sully's brother Lawrence, 
Mr. Sully always called him and treated him as his own 

1253. NsAOLS MarY| "for her 

brother Garrett. " 24 x 20 1867 

1254. Neaolb Sallt, "for her 

brother." 24x20 1867 

Wife of Rev. S. F. Hotchkin. 

1255. Neagle Susan, "for her 

brother Garrett. " 24 x 20 1867 

1251 to 1255 are owned by Garrett C. Neagle, Philadelphia. 

1256. Neilson J. C, "of Balti- 

more." Bust 1818 

1257. Neilson Miss, "for Mrs 

MaUon." Bust 1814 

1258. Neilson Miss, "deceased. 

Copied from my 1st 

Pict." Bust 1818 

1259. Neilson Miss, "2nd copy for 

her brother." 



1260. Nemo Lawyer. 



1261. New Elizabeth. 



1262. NswBOLD Mbs., "& her 

child." Half length 1813 


Thonm Sully's Register of Portmits, 1801-1871. 156 




Nbwbold Mart, •*& lap dog 


whole length/' Kit-kat 1816 


Newman Mart. Half length 1832 


Nones Miss, "for Mr Moss." Bust 1815 


NoRRis Wm., *'mercht. for- 


merly of Bait.'* Bust 1830 


WUliam Norris, founder of the Norris Locomotive Works 


in Philadelphia. 


Norris Mrs. Wm., '* formerly 


of Baltimore,'' Bust 1830 


Was MAiy Ann Heide (1803-1805). 1260 and 1207 owned 


by G. Heide Norris, Philadelphia, 


Norris Wm., *'of the Club 


* United Bowman.' " Bust 1837 


Norris Mas. Wm. Bust 1839 


1208 and 1209 are the same subjects as 1206 and 1267. 


Owned by 9. Henry Norris, Philadelphia, ^i 


NoTT Mrs., *' wife of Professor ^^| 


Nott of Wisconsin." Bust 1839 ^| 


Nugent Mr., ''for Mr ^H 

Wagner/' Bust 1827 ^H 

Vide 1704. ^H 



Ogden Samuel G., *' for Beck- ^H 

man & Mortin." Bust 1807 ^^1 

This undoubtedly should be Beekman and Morton. ^^| 


O'Neill Miss, '' copied from a ^H 

Sketch." Head 1S22 ^| 

EUzabeth O'Neill (1791-1872) was a highly gifted tragic ^H 

actress, born in Ireland, who withdrew from the stage, io ^^| 

1819, on her marriage with W. Wrixon Becher, M*P., who ^^| 

was created a baronet in 1831. Her portrait by Masquerier ^^| 

is in the National Portrait Gallery* London. 1273 belongs ^^M 


io the Historical Society' of Penna. ^^^| 

166 Thomas Svlly'a Register of Portraits, 1801^1871. 


1274. O'Neill Mrs., "of No. 424 

Costes St. below 5th.'' Bust 1865 

1275. Orcutt Rbv. John D.D. 

"For Colonization Soc." 24x30 1868 

Not in the coUection of Colonisation Society portraits in 
the Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

1276. Ornb Mr. "Copy of a Dau- 

gerreotype of the late. " 30 x 24 1853 

1277. OsBORNB Mrs., "of N. York. 

Sister to Mrs Furnace." Bust 1826 

1278. Otby Bh., "of Tennessee." Half length 1844 

James Hervey Otey (180Q-1863) was bom. m Virginia and 
made Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Tenn. in 1834. He 
founded the Univermty of the South at Suwanee, Tenn. 

1279. OttMons. "Jewler." Miniature 1801 

1280. Otto Mr. Bust 1809 


1281. Paob Miss, " Potter & Page." Bust 1810 

1282. Pagb Mrs., " house of Potter 

& Page." Small size 1808 

1283. Pagsot Mad. "Mother of. 

Copy Put by & begun 

another." Bust 1845 

1284. Pagbot Mad. "Mother de- 

ceased from a pic'r." Bust 1845 

1285. Painb Thomas. "Copied from 

Jarvais A sold to him." Bust 1807 

The only portrait of Paine (1737-1809) painted by Jarvis 
that is known is a copy of the familiar portrait of Paine by 
Romney, that was engraved by Sharp, from which print 
Jarvis's portrait was doubtless made. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801^1871. 157 


1286. Parke Dr., "for the City 

Library." Kit-kat 1822 

Thomaa Parke (1749-1835) was a phyaci&n, bom in Chester 
County, Pa., began the practice of his profes^on in Phila. 
in 1773, attaining eminence. He was a founder of the Col- 
lege of Physicians, 1787, and its President from 1818 until his 
death. From 1778 he was a Director of the Librar>' Cbm- 
pany of Phila., and this portrait belongs to that library* 

1287, Parker Miss 

Lizzie, '*of 



1288. Parsons Miss C. *' Study* for 

'Lady of the Lake.'" Head 

1289. Patterson Joseph, Bust 



"2nd For- 



The Mar^dand HiBtorical Society owns a portrait catalogued 
*' William Patterson," the father of Madame Bonaparte, 
signed "T. S. 1821," which is not in the Roister. Sully 
may have erred in entering the Christian name of 1289 and 
1290, or the portrait in the Md. Hist. Soc. may be of 
Joseph and not of William Patterson, as the dates are the 

1291. Patterson Mrs. G., "for- 
merly C. Nichols." 



1292. Patterson Dr. R. M. *^From 

a Port, by Du Boia." Bust 1866 

Robert Haskell Patterson (1787-1854), phygician, was bom 
in Phila. and in 1812 became professor of natural philosophy, 
etc., in the University of Penna. and was Director of the U. 
S, Mint from 1835 to 1851. He was President of the Amer. 
Philosophical Society, and one of the founders of the Frank- 
lin Institute and of the Musical Fund Society of Phfta. 

1293. Paul Mrs. James W., " of 4th 

St," Head 1844 

Was Hannah C. Bunker, daughter of Natlian Bunker and 

mother of Mrs. William Waldorf Astor, 

1 58 Thomas SvXly'a Register of Portraits, ISOl-lSJl. 


1294. Payne Mr., "of Warrington 

Va." Bust 1864 

1296. Payne Mrs., "of Warrenton 

Va. Formerly Semmes." Head 1853 

1296. Peacock Mr., "of German- 

town." Head 1832 

1297. Pealb Frankun, "for the 

Musical F. S." 30 x 25 1868 

Franklin Peale (1795^1870) was son of Charles \rill8on 
Peale and was appointed to the U. S. Mint in 1833, becom- 
ing Chief coiner in 1839, an office he held until 1854. 

1298. Peale Rembrandt. "Mu- 

seum. Painted in Balti- 
more." Head 1820 

1299. Peale Rembrandt," for Mr 

Joseph Harrison." Head 1859 

Rembrandt Peale (1778-1860) was son of Charles ITillson 
Peale and at the early age of seventeen painted a portrait 
of ' 'sbington from life. But this is not the familiar " Rem- 
brauut Peale portrait of Washington," which is a compos- 
ite portrait, not from life, painted in 1823. 1299 is owned 
by the Penna. Academy of Fine Arts, as also Peale's por- 
trait of Thomas Sully painted for Mr. Harrison at the same 

1300. Pbarcb Mb. Q., "copied from 

a miniature." Bust 1807 

1301. Pendleton JuDGE/Meceased. 

Copy for Mr Taylor." Bust 1855 

1302. Penn Wm., ''for Marquis of 

Townsend." Bust 1807 

It would be interesting to know what portrait of Penn Mr. 
Sully coined at this period. 

Thomas Sidlys Register of Portraiis, 1801-1871. 159 



Penn Will., " from the statue 
in Hospital Yard, City 
C/* Kit-kat 



This statue was presented to the Hospitad hy John Penn in 
1804, it having, in 1775, adorned the garden of Lord Le 
Despenaer'a place at Wyeoomb, but subsequently found its 
way to the junk shop where John Perm rescued it and sent 
it as a ^ft to the hospital* It has no iconographic value, 
having been modelled apparently after the 6gure in West's 
picture of the Treaty with the Indians. 

1304p Pebennaeu Mr., 

''for his 


1305. Peiunb Mr., **for his son 

Glen." 20x24 



1306. Perkins Col, T- H,, "for the 
Athenaeum of Boston 
and begun there at his 
house." Whole length 1831 

Thomas Handasyde Perkins (1764-1854), a prominent mer* 
chant of Boston and philanthropist and a generous con- 
tributor to the Boston Athensum, where the portrait now 
is* Its price was $600, the highest to this time. 

1307. Perkins Mrs,, "from New 

Orleans-" Bust 


1308. Peters Dr. "Copy from an 

old picture for St 

Peters." 30x25 1862 

Richard Peters (1704-1776) was born in England and came 
to Philfl., wh^^ in 1762 he became rector of the United 
Churches of Ghrist and St. Peters, 

1309. Peters Miss Euza. "In 

Philadelphia," Bust 1841 

Eliza W, S. Peters married John Field and in 1887 Mr. and 
Mrs. Field gave to the Penna. Acad, of Fine Arts a small 
collection of paintings including this portrait. 

160 Thomas Sully's Begister of Portraits, 1801'1871. 


1310. Pbtigru Miss C. "Painted 

in Charleston S C." Kit-kat 1841 

1311. Pbtigru Mr., "for Mrs Car- 

son his daughter." Head 1842 

1312. Phiups Miss Euzh. Kit-kat 1812 

Eliiabeth Henrietta Philips (1797-1850), daughter of Henry 
and Sophia Chew Philips, married 1216. Owned by her son 
Austin W. Montgomery. Vide 1217. 

1313. Physick Dr., "for Dr. 

Deweese." Bust 1809 

Philip Byng Physick (1768-1837), born in Philadelphia and 
one of her most eminent physicians. Ftofessor of Surgery 
and Anatomy in the University of Penna., 1805-1831. There 
is a chalk engraving, in outline, of this portrait and the 
pdnting belongs to the U. S. Army Medical Museum, 
Wadungton, D. C. 

1314. Phtsick Mrs., "late consort 

of Dr. Physick." Head 1844 

Dr. Physick married Elisabeth Emlen (1773-1820). 1314 
was painted from a miniature circa 1800, with the costume 
changed to the period of the painting. Owned by Philip 
Syng Physick Conner, Octorara, Md. 

1316. Physic Phiup, "deceased. 

hand introduced." Bust 1848 

Portrait of Philip Physick, eldest son of 1313 and 1314. 
It was from a daguerreotype and is owned by Mrs. Charles 
P. Keith, Philadelphia. 

1316. Pickering H. "Study of 

three children." Bust 1818 

1317. PicoT Mrs. "Copied from a 

photograph for her son." Kit-kat 1866 

1318. Pike Marinus. Bust 1809 

Marinus W. Pike was a carver, gilder, and frame maker 
at 6th and North Streets, Philadelphia. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 161 


1319. PiKB Mrs. Bust 1809 

1320. PiNCKNEY Mrs. Cotbsworth, 

"for Mrs EUiott." Kit-kat 1827 

SuUy's portrait of Mrs. (Carles Gotesworth Pinckney waa 
exhibited at the Charleston Expoation, 1901-02, by Miss 
M. £. Hnckney of Blowing Rock, N. G. Reproduced in 
Earle'e Two Centwies of Codume in America, 

1321. Pipkin Db,, "of Mufflebor- 

borough North Carolina." Kit-kat 1825 

1322. Pipkin Mrs., "Murfresbor- 

ough." Eit-kat 1825 

1323. Pipkin Mb., "deceased from 

a miniature." Bust 1826 

1324. PiTKiNB Obnl., "copy for his 

grandson." Bust 1835 

1325. PlanchA Master A. B., "of 

N. O. for Mr Constant." Bust 1826 

1326. PlattMr. "Merchant." Head 1841 

William Piatt, an East Indian merchant of Huladelphia, 
and father of Charles Piatt, Preddent of the Insumnoe 
Company of North America, 1878-1909. 

1327. PlattMrs. "Mother of Mrs 

Pepper Junr." Head 1841 

Maria Taylor, wife of 1326, whose daughter was Mrs. David 

1328. PoDBSTA Mrs., "a copy for 

Mrs Carter." Head 1844 

This is doubtless a copy of 282, as Ifildred Lee Carter, 
daughter of Bernard Moore Carter, married Luis de Potes- 
dad, whose son married 292. 

1329. PoiNSBTT JoBL, "for Col. 

Pinkney." Head 1827 

VOL. xxxiii. — 11 

162 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1330. Poinsett Honblb J., "copy 

for Mr. Burn." Head 1827 

1331. Poinsett Joel. "For P. S. 

Painted in Washingn." Bust^ 1840 

Joel Roberts Poinsett (1779-1851) was a South Carolinian 
and first minister to Mexico from the U. 8. He opposed 
nullification and was Secy, of War under Van Buren. 1331 
is in the hall of the American Philosophical Society at Phila. 

1332. Polk James K. "Presd. U. 

S. for College Chapel 

Hill." Half length 1847 

1333. Polk J. K. "Presd Finished 

the Sketch begun in 

June." Head 1847 

James Knox Polk (1795-1849), eleventh President of the 
U. S. 1332 is owned by the University of North Carolina, 
at Chapel Hill, and 1333 is in the possession of Albert Rosen- 
thal of Phila. 

1334. PoLLABD Mb., "of Norfolk 

Va." Bust 1836 

1335. Pollock Oeobgb, ''North 

C." Bust 1825 

1336. PoBCHEB Mb8. Habbibt, "for 

our sister E. Smith." Head 1837 

Mrs. Porcher was a sister of Mr. SuUy and her portrait, by 
her brother, was exhibited at the Charleston Exposition of 
1901-02 by Mrs. Elisabeth W. Hughes and is reproduced 
in Earle's Two Cenhaies of Costume in America. 

1337. PoBB Mb., "cabinet maker." Bust 1806 

1338. PobtbbMb. Head 1807 

1339. Post Rev., "of the Circular 

Church." Bust 1846 

Painted in (%arleston, S. C. 

ThornasSvay'a Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 168 


1340. Potter Euzabbth. " For Mr. 

Dr. T Potter. '* 20 x 17 1849 

Married Henry Aahhurst of Philadelphia. 

1341. PoTTBB Maria ft Emilt, "for 

their Father.'' Head 1849 

1342. PoTTBR Master John, "for 

his Father." 20x17 1849 

1343. Potter Miss Aucb, "18 

months old.'' Head 1847 

Married J. Dundas lippincott of Philadelphia. 

1344. Potter Miss Mary, "at 

Princeton where I vis- 
ited." 20x17 1849 

1345. Potter Miss SIrah, "for her 

Father." 20x17 1849 

1346. Potter Mr. J., "of Trenton 

or Princeton." Bust 1841 

1347. Potter Mr. Jambs. Bust 1849 

1348. Potter Mr., "of Princeton. 

A copy for his son." Bust 1851 

1349. Potter Mrs., "of Princeton. 

A second copy." Bust 1851 

1350. Potter Mrs., "of Trenton. 

Formerly of S. Caro- 
lina." Bust 1841 

1351. Potter Mr., "of Princeton. 

A second copy." Bust 1851 

1352. Potter Mrs., "of Princeton. 

A copy for her son." Bust 1851 

1353. Potter Mrs. T., "for her 

husband." Kit-ka 1849 



1364. PoTTBR Rbv. Mr., 

"for Mr 



1366. Potter Richard. 


Father of 611. 

164 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 



1356. PouLSON Z., "for the City 

library of PhUada." Bust 1843 

Zachary Poulson (1761-1844) from 1800 to 1839 published 
and edited in Phila. the Daily Advertiser and was for twenty- 
one years librarian of the library Company of Fhilada., in 
whose building his portrait hangs. 

1367. PouLTNBY Sen. Mrs., "of 

Baltimore.'' Bust 1867 

1368. PouLTNBY Mrs. T., "of Bal- 

timore." Head 1867 

1369. PowBL Mrs., "partly from a 

miniature by Trott." Bust 1817 

Eliiabeth Willing (1742-1830) married Samuel Powd, after- 
ward Mayor of Phila. A miniature of Mrs. Powd, that 
bek>nged to Rev. Qeorge Emlen Hare, ascribed to Malbone, 
I pronounced a number of years rinoe to be, in my opinion, 
by B. Trott, and it is doubtless the one that SuUy used. 

1360. PowBL Coih, "copy of his 

J ancestor's portrait.'' Bust 1827 

1361. Pralb Miss, "3 Broadway 

New York." Head 1848 

1362. Pratt Mr. Erasmus. " Head. 

A present." 20x17 1870 

1363. Pratt Mr. H. "Merchant." Eit-kat 1816 

Henry Pratt (1761-1838), an eminent shipping merchant of 
Phila. Eldest son of Matthew Pratt, the portrait punter. 
Owned by Mrs. Rosalie V. Tiers Jackson, Jupiter, Florida. 

1364. Pratt Mrs. "From a minia- 

ture for Thompson." Bust 1828 

ThofMLs SuUf/s Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 165 

NAia sua DATB 

1365. Pbigb Mr. Stbphsn. Eit-kat 1838 

Painted in London. Manager of the Park Theatre, New York. 

1366. Pbicb Mrs. Steybn. Bust 1807 

1367. Prinqlb Mrs. Wm. Bull, "of 

Georgetown." Head 1842 

1368. Prinqlb Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Ladson." Head 1846 

Mrs. James R. Pringie. Owned by William Henry Ladson 
of Charleston, 8. G. 

1369. ProssbrMr. Bust 1806 

1370. ProssbrMrb. Bust 1806 

1371. PuRVBYANCE J. "Lawyer." Kit-kat 1821 

1372. PuRYBTANCB Mrs. J. Eit-kat 1821 

This name doubtless should be "Purvianoe.'' 

1373. Ptatt J. F. "For his 

mother." Bust 1846 

1374. PTATTMi8S,"forherMother." Bust 1842 

1375. Pyatt Mrs., "for her daugh- 

ter." Bust 1842 

1376. Pyatt Mr. " Brother of J. F." Bust 1846 


1377. Raltson Junr. Matthbw. Eit-kat 1812 

1378. Raltson Junr. Matthbw, 

"deceased. Copy for Wil- 

cocks." Head 1842 

1379. Raltson Mrs. Matthbw. Bust 1818 

1380. Rautbon Miss E., "for Dr. 

Dorsey." Bust 1816 

1381. Raltson Miss, "deceased. 

Hand introduced." Bust 1847 

166 Thomas SuUj/s Register of Portraits, ISOl-lSll. 


1382. Raltson Mb., "for Dr. Dor- 

sey.'* Bust 1809 

Finished June 6 and the last portrait painted by Sully before 
he sailed for England, June 10, 1809. Owned by Mrs. 
Alexander Proudfit, Newcastle, Delaware. 

1383. Raltson Robbbt, ''deceased 

for Colonization S'y." Bust 1846 

The proper name of 1377 to 1383 is "Ralston." Robert 
Ralston (1761-1836) was a prominent merchant and phil- 
anthropist of Fhilada. and is the subject of 1382. Dr. 
Dorsey (450) married his daughter Maria (451) 1383 is in 
hall of Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

1384. Randolph Miss, "since Mrs 

Hackley." 12x10 1805 

1386. Randolph Mbs., "daughter 

Jefferson." Bust 1836 

1386. Randolph Mbs., "for T. J. 

Randolph her son, copy." Bust 1836 

1387. Randolph Mbs., " 2nd copy of 

the above for Mrs Cool- 
edge." Bust 1836 
Owned by Miss Ella W. Coolidge, Boston, Mass. 

1388. Randolph Mbs., "3rd copy 

ditto Mr Talcot. I only 
painted the outline and 
retouched. ' ' Bust 1836 

1389. Randolph Mbs., "for J Ran- 

dolph. Begun by Tom." Bust 1836 

Martha Jefferson (1772-1836) married Feby. 23, 1790, her 
couan Thomas Mann Randolph. ''Mrs. Cooledge'' was 
their daughter, having married Joseph Ck)olidge of Boston. 

1390. Rankin Mbs. "Father, a 

copy." Bust 1866 

TJ^omas 8uUi/s Regisier of PoHraits, 1801'1871. 167 


1391. Rawlb Miss Rbba, ''de- 

ceased from Profile." Bust 1815 

1392. Rawlb Mb, "Lawyer." Kit-kat 1808 

William Rawle (1759-1836), first President of the Historical 
Sodety of Pemisylvania, 1824. 

1393. Read Mb., " copied from Pine 

subscriber." Bust 1808 

1394. Read Q., "a signer of the D, 

I. for his great grand 

son Mr Read of Albany. 

Copied from 1 1 copied of 

Pine." Bust 1860 

1395. Read Q. ''Copied for Judge 

Read see above." Bust 1860 

1396. Read J. Mebbdith, "his 

grandfather copied from 

miniature." 30x25 1862 

Tlie portrait of Qeorge Read (1734-1798) by Robert Edge 
Pine is owned by William Read Fisher of Philadelphia. 
1394 was pamted for John Meredith Read, Jr., of Albany 
and 1395 for his father, Judge John M. Read of the Supreme 
Court of Penna. A portrait of George Read, by SuUy, 
after Pine, is in Independence Hall, the Old State House, 

1397. Read Mbs., "late mother of 

Mrs French." Head 1847 

1398. Redwood J., "a subscriber." Bust 1808 

1399. Rhoads Mbs., "for Mrs Wag- 

ener her daughr." Bust 1848 

1400. RiCB Mbs., "part to be paid 

by Indian Cost*. " Head 1842 

1401. Rice Mb., "to be paid for in 

books & $10." Head 1854 

168 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1402. Richards Saml., "347 Arch 

St. for Mr White." Bust 1827 

Samuel Richards (1769-1842) was brother of Benjamin W. 
Richards, Mayor of Philadelphia. He was a large iron- 
maker with works at Weymouth, New Jersey. Owned by 
Herbert Dupuy, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

1403. RiGHABDs S., "a copy from 

my former P." Bust 1829 

1404. RiCKETTS Mr., "copied from 

a painting." 12x10 1807 

1406. RiCKBTTS Mr. Bust 1807 

1406. RiDGLEY Genl., "painted in 

Baltimore." Half length 1820 

Qiarles Ridgely (1762-1829), Gov. of Maryland, 1816-17, 
was commonly called "General. '' 

1407. RiDGLBT John, " of Hampton 

near Bait." Bust 1841 

1408. RiDQBLT Miss Euzh., "of 

Baltimore." Whole length 1818 

Married John Ridgely of Hampton, Bait. Co., Md., where 
thepafaitingis. Reproduced in Earle's Tvx> Centuries of Cos- 
trnns in America. 

1409. RiDGBLT NiCHOLAB, "painted 

in Baltimore." Bust 1820 

1410. Ritchie Mrs., "daughter 

Harrison Gray Otis, Bos- 
ton." Head 1836 

1411. RiTGHiNQs Miss, "for her 

Father, (reduced)." Bust 1846 

Caroline Ritchings of Philadelphia, a singer in English opera 
and adopted daughter of Peter Ritchings, an actor and 

1412. Ritchings Mrs. Bust 1845 

Thomas Butty's Register of Portraits, ISOI-ISIU 169 


1413. Roach Mibs, ''for Mrs. Jacob 

Smith. Declined.'' Head 1831 

1414. Roach Mrs., ''formerly Miss 

Ridgway." Kit-kat 1816 

1415. Roach Mrs., "that was Miss 

Ridgway." Bust 1827 

1416. Roach Mrs., '' copy from my 

portrait." Head 1832 

Daughter of Jacob Ridgway and wife of Major Isaac Roachy 
Mayor of Phila., 1838, who married, for her second husband, 
Dr. John Rhea Barton. She was sister to the famous Mrs. 
Doctor James Rush. 

1417. RoachMrs. Joseph, ''of New 

Bedford." Bust 1831 

1418. Roach Thos., "of Bedford, 

Mass." Head 1825 

See 1449 and 1450. 

1419. RoBB Mrs., "& 3 children 

from New Orleans, Isa- 
bella, Louisa and Mary." Bh.half length 1844 

1420. RoBBiNs Luke, "of the 

Theatre." Bust 1808 

1421. Roberts Jesse, " a present to 

McDonald's." Bust 1847 

1422. Robertson Miss Anna. "Sis- 

ter to Mrs Barksdale." Head 1851 

1423. Robertson Mrs., "English 

lady of Alabama." Head 1834 

1424. Robinson Conwat, "for his 

brother Moncure." Head 1850 

Conway Robinson (1805-1884), bom in Virginia, was a dis- 
tinguished lawyer and writer upon legal and historico-legal 


170 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1425. Robinson Hbnrt, "of Bos- 

ton." Head 1846 

1426. Robinson Mrs. Hbnbt, "of 

Boston." Head 1849 

1427. Robinson Louisa, "formerly 

Miss Campbell." Head 1824 

1428. Robinson Mr., "of the 

Theatre." Bust 1807 

1429. Robinson Mr., "of Augusta 

Ga." Bust 1846 

1430. Robinson Mrs. John, "for 

Moncure her son." Bust 1849 

1431. Robinson Mrs. Moncitre, 

" for her Husband. " Head 1845 

1432. Robinson Moncure. Head 1849 

Moncure Robinson (1802-1891), of Virginia, resident of 
Philadelphia, eminent dvil engineer. Vide 1424. 

1433. Robeson Mrs., "formerly 

Rodman of New Bed- 
ford." Eit-kat 1845 

1434. Robison Mr., "of Mills near 

Schuylldll." Bust 1827 

1435. RoBsoN Mr., ''Mrs. Hughs's 

Father." 11x14 1826 

1436. RoGKAFBLLOW Miss, "for 

Mrs Graham a copy." Head 1864 

1437. RocKALLO Master Harrt, 

" for Mr Graham. " Kit-kat 1843 

1438. RoDGERS Mrs. Caroune, 

"formerly Fairman." Bust 1831 

Daughter of 517, wife of Evan Rogers, and mother of Prof. 
Fairman Rogers and of Mrs. Horace Howard Fumeas. 

172 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'187L 


1461. RowBOTHAM Mrs., " as a pres- 

ent. Caddy." Head 1832 

1462. Ruffian Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Roan of Richmond." Head 1839 

1463. RuNDLE Fanny, "from mem- 

ory in part." Head 1828 

1464. RuNDLE Miss, "copy for 

Earle." 18x15 1869 

1466. RuNDuc Miss, "copy of the 

late. ForMr. Earle." Head 1869 

1466. RuNDLB Miss. "Copy 3rd 

Portrait for Earle." Head 1869 

1467. Ru8HDR.,"forDrDeweese." Bust 1809 

1468. Rush Dr., "for Dr. Hossao 

of N.York." Kit-kat 1812 

1469. Rush Dr., "deceased from 

my 1st Picture." Whole length 1813 

The price for this was <400, the highest to this date. 

1400. Rush Dr., " for his daughter." Half length 1813 

1461. Rush Dr., "deceased from 

my 1st painting." Kit-kat 1815 

B«ijamin Rush (1746-1813), distinguished physician and 
politician. BominFhila. Sgner Dec. of Inde. and Surgeon 
and Phynoian Oenotd to the army of the revolution. 1459 
is owned by the Penna. Hospital and 1460 by Estate of 
Colonel Alexander Biddle, Phila. The American Philosoph- 
ical Society owns a portrait of Dr. Rush which is ascribed 
to Sully and answers the description of 1461. 

1462. Rush Mrs. Dr., " for her son 

R. Rush Minister to Great 

Britain." Half length 1817 

JuUa Stockton (1759-1848) of New Jmey married Dr 
Benjamin Rush in 1776. 

Thomas StUlj/s Register of PoHraits, 1801-1871. 178 


1463. Rush Honble., "copy of a 

portrait of. for Judge 

Black." Bust 1867 

1464. Rush Mb., ''late son of the 

Honble R. Rush, copy." Head 1866 

1466. Rush Mr., "ditto for Mr 

Drayton from a Photo- 
graph." Head 1866 

1468. Rush Murray, "for his 

father R Rush." Bust 1867 

1467. Rush Mrs. Murray, "de- 

ceased. From a Daug." 24x20 1867 

1468. Rush Mr. Richard, "of Bal- 

timore." Head 1867 

1469. Rush Jun. Mr. R., "for his 

father, a copy from Ist." Head 1868 

1470. Rush Mrs. Richard. "Be- 

gan in Decbr. 19th." Head 1868 

1471. Rush Mrs. Benjamin. 30 x 2? 1862 

1472. RxTTHERFORD Miss Ebuly. Head 1860 

1473. Rutherford Mrs. Emily, 

"of Richmond Va." Head 1847 


1474. Sands Mrs., "of Washington. 

Miss French. ' ' Head 1840 

1476. Sanford Jr., "Cashier Bank 

of U. S. Fayetville." Bust 1830 

1476* Sanford Mrs., "of North 

Carolina." Bust 1830 

176 Thomas Snuff's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 

NAia 8IZ8 DAT! 

1495. Sbwbl Mr., "who married 

Miss Janeway. " Bust 1852 

1496. Shakespeare. "Copied from 

Engravings." 20x17 1864 

1497. Shakespeare. "From the 

Chandos." Head 1865 

1498. Sharp Mr. "Merchant." Bust 1807 

1499. Sharp Mrs. T. Bust 1807 

1500. Sharp Master, "of German- 

town for his mother." Head 1864 

1501. Shaw Miss Charlotte. "For 

her Father." Head 1858 

1502. Shaw Miss Nanot. " For her 

Father." Head 1858 

1503. Shaw Bart. Sir J., "for W. 






Sheaf Mr. 




Sheaf Mrs. 




Shelby Qov. 



a medal 


by Con- 


8 in. Diam. 


Isaac Shelby (1750-1826), soldier and first Governor of 
Kentucky, 1702, was voted by Congress, April 4, 1818, a 
gold medal for tiie victory at tiie battle of the Thames. 

1507. Skemon Mrs., "formerly 

Miss King." Head 1844 

1508. Shields Mrs., "deceased. 

From a Talbottype." Head 1854 


Thomas StdU/s Regiaier of Portraits, 1801-1871. 177 ^^H 




Shippen Chief Justice E,, ^| 


"deceased. Copy Stuart/' Bust 1848 ^M 


Edward Shippen (1729-1806), Chief Justice of the Supreme ^| 


Court of Penna,, 1799 to 1805* He was the father of Veggj ^M 


Shippen who married Benedict Arnold. Stuart's original ^H 


portrait of Shippen ia owned by the Corcoran Gallery of ^H 


Art^ Washington, D. C, and 1509 by the Law Aaeociation ^H 


of Philada. ^H 


Shirix>ck Ma., "of Haiti- ^M 


more/' Bust 1808 ^M 


Shiblock Me5.» "painted in ^M 


Baltimore/' Bust 1820 ^M 


This name should doubtless be spelled "Sherlock/' a well- ^H 


known name in Mar>'laad. ^H 


Shoemaker Caeolinb^ "of ^H 


Baltimore by remo." Miniature 1804 ^H 


Shoemaker Mrs. Eow., "a ^H 


subscriber/' Bust 1808 ^M 


Shoenberggr Mr,, "of Pitts- ^| 


burg. Iron worker/' Bust 1841 ^M 


Doubtless John H. Schoenberger, a prominent philanthropist ^H 


of Pittsburg, Pa. ^H 


Shoenberqeh Mrs., "of ^H 


Pittsburg/' Bust 1841 ^M 


Shoehberger Mrs., "of Cin- ^| 


cinnati/' Bust 1841 ^M 


Shonenberq Mary, "de- ^H 


ceased. Daughter of Mr. ^H 


of ana/' Head 1844 ■ 


This name doubtleas should be the same as 1514 to 151G. ^H 


SiQOURNEY Mrs., "from a ^| 


phoh. for Colonn. So- ^H 


ciety." Head 1865 ^M 


Lydia Huntley Sigoumey (1791-1865), poetess andjphilaii- ^H 


throptst. In hall of Hist. Society of Penna. ^H 


VOL. XXXIII. — 12 ^H 



178 Thonuu SiMy'a Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 

N Aia 8IZa DATS 

1619. Sill Josbph. Head 1832 

1520. Sill Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Todhunter." Head 1832 

1519 and 1520 are owned by their daughter, Mrs. Enoch W. 
Clark, of Germantown, Fhila. Vide 1706. 

1521. SiLVESTBB Mrs. Louisa, "for 

E Gardette." Head 1832 

1622. Simmons Miss, "daughter of 

Dr. Simmons." Head 1846 

1623. Simmons Mr., "of the West 

Indies." Bust 1847 

1524. Simons Mrs., "daughter of 

the late Mr Ball. " Head 1846 

1626. Simpson Mr., "of Pittsburg." Bust 1841 

1626. Skinner Mr., "of North Car- 
olina." Bust 1825 

1527. Skinner Mr., "of North Car- 
olina." Bust 1837 

1628. Skinner Rev. Dr., "for Mrs 

Montgomery." Bust 1816 

Newsam lithographed portrait of Rev. Thomas H. Skinner 
after Sully. 

1629. Skinner Mrs., "for Mrs 

Montgomery." Bust 1816 

1630. Skinner Mrs., "copy from a 

former picture. MeggB." Head 1824 

1531. Skinner Mrs., "wife of Rev. 

Skinner." Head 1829 

Emily Montgomery (1797-1824), nster of 1215, m. May 24, 
1814, Rev. Thomas H. ffldnner, D J)., a Ptaibjrterian clergy- 
man. Tide 1528. 

^^^^^^^ Thomas Sulh/s Register of Portraits, 1801' 187 1, 


^^^^^^P NAMS 


^^^^^^1532. SiuBviN Miss Jane, "for her 


^^^^^ parents/' Head 

1856 ^^1 

^^^H 1533. Slevin Mr. Head 

1856 ^^1 

^^^H 1S34. Sletin Mrs. Head 

1856 H 

^^M 1536. Smith Betsey, ** my sister 


^^^^ for herself." 19 x 15 

1828 H 

^^^^^1 Elizabeth Sully married Middleton Smith of South Carolina ^H 

^^^^^H and her portrait by her brother was exhibited at the Charles* ^^^ 

^^^H too Exposition, 1901-2, by Henry C. Cheves. 


^^^^ 1536. Smith Fanny, "whole length 


^H for Mr Cresson Senr. '' 50 x 37 

1833 H 

^^^^ 1537. Smith Francis G., "for my- 


^^H seU." Bust 


^^^H FranctB Gurney Smith (1784-1873), Treasurer of the Musi- ^^| 

^^^^^L eal Fund Society, 1820-1864, and for thirty-eight 

years ^^^H 

^^^^^b Warden of St. Peter's P. E. Church, Phila* Owned by the ^^B 

^^^^^^^B Musical Fund Society. 


^^^^^1538, Smith Miss, "for Mrs AlU- 


^H bon/' Bust 

1830 H 

^H 1639. Smith Miss Emma, "of South 


^H Bay.'' Head 


^^H 1540. Smith Miss Sdsak, "of South 


^^H Bay." Head 

1842 H 

^^M 1541. Smith Mr., ''a subscriber. '^ Bust 

1808 H 

^^K^ 1542. Smith Mr., "relative of 


^^^^^ Kraumbarrg. " Bust 

1813 H 

^^^^ Tide 970-972. 


^^^H 1543. Smith Mr. Chs., "for J B 


^^^P Smith/' Head 

1828 H 

^^^^ 1544. Smith Ch.» "copy from my 


^^B original." Head 


1 80 Thomas Sidly'a Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 


1546. Sboth Mr. J. B., "of Arch 

near 12th." 19x15 1828 

1546. Smith Mbs., "formerly Miss 

Wharton." Bust 1828 

Rebecca Shoemaker Wharton (1795-1846) married Jacob 
Ridgway Smith, November 12, 1817. Owned by Mrs. 
l^illiam H. Qaw, Philadelphia. 

1547. Smith Mrs., "hand intro- 

duced for Misses Mo- 

Euen." Bust 1823 

Vide 1108-1110. 

1548. Smith Mrs.; "copied from 

McEuen begun 20." Head 1825 

1549. Smith Mrs. Joseph, "for Mrs 

Cresson." Bust 1833 

1560. Smith Mrs. Newbury, "for 

her husband." Bust 1848 

1661. Smith Mrs. R., "sister of 

Mrs Qovr. Coles," Head 1837 

Mary Roberts married Oeorge Roberts Smith of Phila. 
Vide 322. 

1652. Smith Mrs. Robert, "of 

South Bay." Head 1842 

Vide 1589 and 1540. 

1563. Smith Prof. W., "for his 

grandson. Copy." Bust 1855 

This was a copy of Stuart's portndt of Provost Wm. Smith, 
VjAv. of Penna. 

1554. Smith S., "former Provost of 

Princeton Coll." Head 1814 

Samuel Stanhope Sndth (1750-1819), Praddent of Prince- 
ton CoUege, 1795 to 1812. 

Thomas 8%dly's Register of Portraits, ISOI'1871. 181 


1665. Smith S.; " copy of the fore- 
going." Head 1814 

1556. Snideb Junk. Jacob. Head 1836 

1657. Snidsb Jacob, ''to cancel the 

former port.'' Head 1840 

1658. Snider Mrs., ''consort of 

Jacob S. Junr." Head 1836 

1669. Snider Jacob, "three chil- 
dren in Group." Kit-kat 1841 

1560. Snyder Miss, "hand intro- 
duced." Bust 1812 

1661. Sntder Simon, "Govt, of 

State Penna." Bust 1809 

ffimon Snyder (1759-1819), Governor of Penna., 1808 to 
1817, serving three terms. 1561 was engraved by David 
Edwin and published July, 1809, by John Binns. 

1562. Solage Madame, "of Nor- 

folk." Miniature 1801 

1563. Southqate Mrs., "of Rich- 

mond." Bust 1814 

1564. Spang Mrs. C. F., "of Pitts- 

burg." Head and hand 1843 

1565. Spang Rosalie. "For her 

parents of Pittsburg." Head 1848 

1566. Sparks Mr., "for Mr EUiot 

of Boston." Kit-kat 1831 

Jared Sparks (1789-1866), historian. He used the editorial 
pencil too liberally, yet his work is invaluable to the student 
and paved the way for works which without his would 
never have been projected and published. 1566 was litho- 
graphed by Newsam, and engraved by Stephen A. Schoff 
for the National Portrait Gallary of Distinguished Americans. 
Owned by Mrs. W. J. Clemson, Taunton, Mass. 

182 Thomas SvUy'a Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 




1567. Spabks Mbs. 



1668. Spabks Scnb. Mbs. 



1560. Stanabd Mbs. 



1570. Stanabd Mbs. "CJopy 





1671. Stebunq Lobd. " Erskin from 

Stuart for Cadwallader." Head 1830 

1571 was of David Montague, Lord Erskine, noi SUHmg 
as Sully wrote and then corrected, who married Francee 
Cadwalader and whoee portrait by Stuart belongs to the 
Cadwalader family. There is no portrait of Sterling in the 
Cadwalader family, or by Stuart. Vide 507. 

1572. Btbrung Mbs. Bust 1863 

1673. Stbbrbtt Mrs., "for Mr 

Winchester." Head 1862 

1574. Ststh Mrs. Cathabinb, 

" formerly Potter. " Head 1824 

1675. Suth Majob, 'deceased from 

a portrait." Head 1826 

1576. Stevenson Andbbw. Bust 1805 

1577. Stevenson Miss Frances. 

" Neice McCallester. " Bust 1848 

1578. Stewart Com"., "for a 

medal." Head 1817 

Charles Stewart (1778-1869), distinguished naval officer 
who commanded the frigate ConstUuHon in the war of 1812 
and was voted a gold medal by Congress for the capture of 
the Cyam and the Levant. He was in the service for 
seventy-one years and was the senior officer for seven- 
teen. EUs daughter Delia was the mother of Charles Stewart 
Pamell, the Irish sgitator. 1606 is of the same. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 180t'187h 183 


1579. Stewart Duoalo, "after 

Raeburn for Dr. P Tidy* 

man." Half-length 1825 

Sir Henry Raebum was elected an honorary academician of 
the Penna Acad, of the Fine Arts, in acknowledgment of 
which complhnent he presented the academy with a replica 
of his famous portrait of Dugald Stewart. This is the por- 
trait that Sully copied, the original of which was destroyed 
in the great fire, at the Academy, in 1845. 1579 is owned 
by the St. Andrews Society of Charleston, S. C. 

1580. Stockbr, Mr. C, "for New 

Orleans." Kit-kat 

1581. Stockeh Mrs. Clemt. Kit-kat 


1582. Stocktok Com*, "of Prince- 

ton/' Bust 1851 

1583. Stockton Com, "Copy for 

Princeton College." Bust 1851 

1584. Stocktok CoM», "Copy 3d at 

his request"—" 1857 Pre- 
sented to Colonization." Bust 1851 
Robert Field Stockton (1 795-1 S66) entered the navy in 
1811 and took possession of California for the U. S. in 1846. 
He resigned in 1850 and the next year was made U. S. Sen- 
ator from New Jersey. 1584, inscribed by Sully on the 
back "1851 No. 3," belonged to the Pennsylvania Coloni^- 
tion Society and is with the rest of that Society's collection 
in the hall of the Historical Society of Penna. 

1585. Stockton, "for Mr Biddle 

copied from an old pic* 

ture." 30x25 1862 

1586. Stockton Mrs., "wife of 

Stockton. For Mr. 

Biddle/' 30x25 1862 

These were the portraits of Richard Stockton and of Annis 
Boudinot his wife, the parents of Julia, wife of Dr. Benjamin 
Rush, and were painted for Col. Alexander Biddle, whose 
wife was Julia Williams, daughter of Samuel Rush, youngest 
son of 1461* 

184 Thamaa Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801"1871. 


1587. Stockton Master Robert, 

''at full length 3 years." Kit-kat 1849 

1688. Stockton Mrs., "of Prince- 
ton N J." Kit-kat 1847 

1680. Stockton Mrs. Augs. Bust 1847 

1690. Stockton Mrs. Augs., "for 

her husband." Bust 1860 

1691. Stockton Rbvd. T. H., "a 

bust with hand ordered." Kit-kat 1843 

Thomas Hewlings Stockton (1808-1868), an eloquent Metho- 
dist divine, who for many years was chaplain to the House of 
Representatives and to Uie IT. S. Senate at Washington. 
He was half brother of Frank R. Stockton, the writer of 
short stories. Owned by Mrs. Anna Stockton Allen, Phila- 

1692. Stoddard Honblb., "copy of 

a miniature of the late. " Head 1861 

1693. Stott Mr., " deceased from a 

print." Bust 1830 

1694. Stott Mr., "deceased copied 

from a former." Bust 1831 

1696. Stott Mrs., "copy of Por- 
trait." Bust 1831 

1696. Stott Mrs. Ebenbzer, "from 

Scotland." Bust 1830 

1697. Stott Sarah, "for her 

nephew Col Cooper Lon- 
don." Bust 1840 

1698. Stouqht Mrs., "of Allen- 

town N. Jersey." Bust 1835 

Thomas SvHy'a Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 186 

NAliS 8IZa DAT! 

1699. Stout R. M., "of Allen Town 

N. J." Bust 1830 

1698 and 1699 should doubtless be ispelled the same, whicb- 
ever is correct. 

1600. Stbickland Mb. Senr. Head 1809 

1601. Strickland Wiluam, "ar- 

chitect." Bust 1820 

1602. Strickland Wiluam, "ar- 

chitect." Head 1836 

William Strickland (1789-1854), the most eminent architect 
of Philadelphia, whose works speak for themselves. 

1603. Strobia Frank, "and his 

Father." Bust 1806 

This was the first work for which SuUy received as much as 
fifty dollars. 

1604. Strothers Miss, " (Theodosia) 

of St Louis." Head 1844 

1605. Struthers Mrs. Bust 1832 

1606. Stuart Capt., "United 

States Navy." Whole length 1811 

Name misHspelled for "Stewart." \lde 1578. The where- 
abouts of this important picture I have been unable to 

1607. Stuart Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Calvert." Head 1833 

1608. Stuart Mrs., "of Jamaica 

New Jersey." Bust 1837 

1609. Styles Miss, "cousin of 

Fanny Hayne." Head 1843 

1610. Styles Mr., "of Carlisle." Head 1843 

186 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'187L 

NAia 812B DATE 

161 L Sully Alfred and Jane, 

"for myself/* Kit-kat 1829 

The son and daughter of the painter, the former a^ed eight 
and the latter twenty-two (vide Introdyction) . Thii 
picture was engraved by !• B* Forrest with title "Brother 
and Sister Reading/' and the painting is owned by Mr. 
Gilbert Stuart Parker of Philadelphia. 

1612. Sullt Alfbed, " my son as a 

present Peticolas/' Bust 1830 

"Peticolas" was doubtless Phillippe S. Peticolas (1760- 
1843), the miniature painter who settled in Richmond in 
1805 and gave Sully some instruction in painting. Or it 
may have been his son, Edward F. Peticolas, who waa 
also a miniature painter, in Virginia. 

1613. Sully Alfred, "for his 

mother/' Head 

In his uniform aa a cadet at West Point. 

1614. Sullt Alfiu&d and Manula. 

" From Daugerreotypes. 
Heads/' Bust 

Vide Introduction, vol, xxxii, p. 392, 

1615. Sully Alfred. "Sketch for 

Blanch/' 18x14 




1616» Sully Blanch Am) Ellen, 
*'for their mother S 

Sully/' Head 1818 

Daughters of the painter, aged respectively four years and 
two years. 

1617. Sully Blanch, "for the pur- 

pose of Ellen's instnic- 

tlon." Head 1834 

1618, Sully Blanch and Rosalie, 

"in group/' Bust 1842 

Daughters of the painter, aged re3i>ectively twenty-eight 
and twenty-four years. This picture was engraved with 
the title '^The Lily and the Rose," and the painting ia 
owned by Mr. Albert Rosenthal of Phi la. 

Thofnas BvXly'a Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 187 

NAia Bin DAT! 

1619. SuLLT Chester, ''in Norfolk 

Virga. being my first at- 
tempt from life for Mary 

Lee." Miniature 1801 

Begun May 13, finished June 1. Price $15. 

1620. SuLLT Chester. 12x10 1803 

1621. SuLLT Chester, ''my 

brother." Bust 1810 

1622. SuLLT Ellen, "my daugh- 

ter a sketch. " Head 1824 

1623. SuLLT Jane, Blanch, Ellen, 

RosAUB ft Alfred. 
"Group of my children 
for their mother." Bish. half length 1822 

1624. SuLLT Jane, "my daugh- 

ter a sketch." Head 1824 

1625. SuLLT Jane. "Sketch for Mrs 

M. Smith." Head 1828 

1626. SuLLT Lawrence. Bust 1803 

1627. SuLLT Mart, "a sketch pre- 

sented to Mrs J Savage." Head 1824 

1628. SuLLT Matthew, "my 

father." 12x10 1803 

1629. SuLLT Matthew, "from a 

miniature." Biist 1815 

1630. Sully Matthew, "my 

father copied from one 

painted for Betsey." Head 1829 

A portrait of Matthew Sully (1769-1815) by his son was 
exhibited at the Charleston EiqxMition, 1901-'02, by Mrs. 
E. W. Hughes. 

188 ThofMLs Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1631. Sni.LT RosAUE. "To help H 

Bridport." Head 1839 

Hugh Bridport was a miniature painter born in London in 
1794 who came to this country and settled in Phila. in 1816, 
where he taught drawing and painting as well as following 
his profession. He also drew on stone and engraved on 
copper and his name last appears in the Phi]a. Directory 
for 1837. ''To help H Bridport" could not have been 
artistically but must have been financially. 

1632. SuLLT RosAUB. ''Sketch in 

oU. Reading." 17x13 1840 


SuLLT RosAUB. " Copied 

for Blanch." 12x12 



SuLLT Sarah, Betsey & 

Mabt, "my neices." 12x 10 



Sully Sabah. Bust 


1636. SuLLT Sarah, " my wife, sis- 

ter, Jane, Sally, Tom, for 

myself." Kit-kat 1828 

1637. Sully Sabah, "my wife for 

myself." Bust 1830 

1638. SuLLT Sabah, ''at full length 

for Blanch." 6 ft. 2 x 3 ft. 5 1848 

Tliis portrait of Mrs. Sully, with her dog Ponto, is owned by 
Garrett C. Neagle, Philadelphia. 

1639. SuLLT Sabah, ''copy from a 

former pt. for Sally." Bust 1851 

1640. Sully Sabah, "copy to 

supply one sold to E." 30 x 25 1859 

1641. Sully Sabah, "painted in 

1832, copy of head for 

Blanch." 15x13 1870 

There is no portrait of Sarah Sully enteredjnll832. 


Thomas Sulljf's Register of PoHraits, ISOl-iail. 189 


1642. Sully Sally, ''deceased. 

Partly from recollection. 

For G Neagle." 21 x 17 1867 

1643. Sully Sophia, "daughter of 

Mattw Sully Jun." Miniature 1801 

1644. Sully Tom and Janb, "at 

full length with Fidele." Half length 1812 

1646. Sully Thos., "my son a 

study." Head 1820 

1646. Sully Thomas k Rosaue. 

"Present for Vogel of 

Dresden." 26x21 1840 

1647. Sully Thomas, "myself for 

J. B. LeRoy." Head 1807 

1648. Sully Thomas, "myself for 

Mr Wadsworth." Head 1807 

Owned by the Wadsworth Athenaum, Hartfordi Gonn. 

1649. Sully Thomas, "for Chester 

Sully." Bust 1816 

1650. Sully Thomas, "myself for 

H Robinson." Head 1821 

Owned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. 

1651. Sully Thomas, "myself for 

Harriott Porcher, my 

sister." 19 x 15 1828 

1652. Sully Thomas, "my own 

head for Welfare's child T 

SW." Head 1836 

1653. Sully Thomas, "my own 

portrait for the order of 

Mr Tyler." Bust 1860 

190 ThofMs Butty's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 

NAlfS 8IZa DAT! 

1664. SuLLT Thomas. "Self for Mr 

Dreer." 20x17 1866 

Owned by the Historical Society of Penna. 

1666. Sully Thomas, "for the Col- 
onisation Society.'' Head 1860 
In hall of Hist. Society of Penna. 

1666. Sully Thomas, "ordered for 

the Musical Fund. " 30 x 26 1867 

1667. Sully Thomas. "Yesterday 

began my portrait on a 

reduced sise for Garrett. " 30 x 25 1867 

" Garrett " is Garrett C. Neagle. 

1668. Sully Thomas. "From a 

Daugerreotype, for 

Blanch." 15 x 13 1867 

1669* Swan Miss and Miss M. 

Bbyan, " grouped." Bust 1831 

1660. Swm Gbnbbal, "for Eng. 

Dept. West Point." Bust 1829 

Joseph Gardner Swift (1783-1865) was the first graduate 
of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, Oct. 12, 
1802, and became a distinguished engineer, but resigned in 
Nov., 1818, with other officers, on the appointment of a 
IVench general, Smon Bernard, to investigate the coast 
defenoes of the United States. 


1661. TALCOTMBs.,"for Mrs Hack- 

ley of Richd." Bust 1832 

1662. Tauafbbbo Miss, " (Toliver) 

for Mr Soddon. " Head 1849 

1663. Taylob James. "Pastor of 

Unitarian Church." Bust 1818 

1664. Taylob Jambs. "Unitarian 

Clergn." Bust 1830 

192 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, ISOl'lSTl. 


1677. Tbvis Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Hunter." Bust 1827 

1678. Thayer Col. "Painted at 

West Point." Bust 1831 

Sylvanus Thayer (1785-1872), graduated at the U. 8. Mili- 
tary Academy at West Point in 1808, and assigned to the 
Engineer corps. He was superintendent of the U. S. Mili- 
tary Academy, 1817 to 1833, and organised the school on its 
present basis. A monument to him was erected at West 
Point in 1883. Owned by West Point Military Academy. 

1679. Thomas Col., "of the Custom 

House." 36x44 1865 

William B. Thomas was collector of the Port of Phila. 
* and Colonel of the 20th and afterwards of the 192nd R^- 
ment Penna. Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion. 

1680. Thomas George Gray. Bust 1844 

1681. Thomas Miss, "& brother in 

one canvas." Kit-kat 1811 

1682. Thomas Mrs. W., "of Balti- 

more Whethered." Bust 1841 

1683. Thompson Edward, "son de- 

ceased copy from mine. 

Rejected." Bust 1824 

1684. Thompson Jonah. Bust 1809 

1686. Thompson Mr., "of New 

Orleans. For Mr Lewis." Head 1863 

1686. Thompson Mr., "from a pic- 
ture by Hubbard. Pep- 
per." Bust 1847 
William James Hubard (1807-1862) began his artistic career 
as an infant prodigy cutting silhouettes, as which he came 
to Phila. in 1826, and having higher ambitions put himself 
under Sully's instruction and became quite noted for his 
cabinet whole length portraits in oil. Vide the writer's 
"The Last of the Silhouettists," in Outlook for Oct. 6, 1900. 

Thonias Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871, 198 



NAME eizx 

Thuron Mons., '* for hie son." Bust 










TicKNOR Mr., *'for himflelf." Kit-kat 1831 

Geoiige Ticknor (1791-1871), the distinguished author of the 
History of Spanish Idlerature and one of the founders of the 
Boston Public library^ which institution owna 1688. Re- 
produced in Life and Letters af Oeorge Ticknor . 

Tickle Miss Rgbecca. Bust 1812 

Tickle Mr*, '^for Mrs Montr 

gomery." Bust 1816 

Tickle Mr.^ "copied from 

my 1st Picture/' Bust 1818 

John Teackle (1753-1817), a wealthy planter of Virginia 
who hberated his slaves and went to rende in Burlington, 
N* J. 16S9 was of the same family. 

TiDYMAN Dr. Phiup, "of 

Charleston S C. " Bust 1 826 

Philip Tidyman (1777-1850), a distinguished physician of 
Charleston, S, C. This portrait was engraved by Thomas 
B. Welch and belongs to the St. Andrew's Society of 

Tidyman Dr. Phiup, *'for 
German Friendly 8. 
Charln." Small whole length 1829 

Tierman Mr. Frank. Bust 

Tiff ANT Mrs., ''of Balti- 



Tiffany Mrs., "copy of one 

begun at Providence." Bust 

TtLQHiiAN Mrs. 


TiLGHMAN Mrs. Ben. Bust 1816 

Anna, daughter of William McMurtrie (d- 1872), married 
Benjamin Tilghman. Owned by Miss Maria Tilghman, 
VOL, XXXIII. — 13 

194 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'187L 


1699. TiLOHMAN Mrs. J., ''Miss 

Shoemaker." Bust 1816 

1700. TiuNQHAST Mrs.; '' being the 

Ist of my reduced prices." Head 1842 

1701. Todd Miss," of Harrisburgh." Head 1845 

1702. Todd Senr. Mr., "a sub- 

scriber." Bust 1808 

1703. Todd Mrs., "a subscriber." Bust 1808 

B^gun April 2. Finished July 1. 

1704. Todd Mrs., "a subscriber." Bust 1808 

Begun May 14. Finished June 29. 

1705. Todhuntbr John. " Merchant 

at 46 G. Marlb." Bust 1837 

Punted in England. 

1706. Todhuntbr Mr., "for Mr 

Sill, stepson." Bust 1831 

Mr. Sill was the son-in-law of Mr. Todhunter. Vide 1519 
and 1520. 

1707. Tom4 Mrs., "of Norfolk." Miniature 1803 

1708. Tompkins Qovr., " copied for 

Jarvais." Bust 1807 

1709. Tompkins Govr., "of N 

York for Delaplaine." Half-length 1813 

Engraved by W. R. Jones. 

1710. Tompkins Govr., "of N 

York for Dr GiUespie." Small half length 1816 

Daniel D. Tbmpkins (1774-1825), Vice Ptesident of the 
United States and Governor of New York. 

1711. Tompkins. " Grocer. " Bust 1805 

1712. Townk Miss Sarah. Bust 1845 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 195 


1713. Triechel Mr., "deceased. 

From a Daugerreotype. " Head 1855 

1714. Triechel Mrs., "from a 

photograph for her son." Head 1859 

1715. Trumbull Governor. Bust 1807 

Jonathan Trumbull (1740-1809), son of " Brother Jonathan, '' 
Governor of Connecticut from 1798 until his death and 
brother of Col. John Trumbull the artist. Owned, in 1889, 
by Mrs. Harriet Stickney, grandniece of the subject. 

1716. Tucker Mrs., "wife of Law- 

yer Tucker." Bust 1805 

1717. Tudor Mr., "deceased for 

Col Perkins." Bust 1831 

William Tudor (1779-1830), one of the founders of the 
Boston Athenaeum and the projector of the North Ameri* 
can Review, This portrait belongs to the Boston Athe- 

1718. TuRNBULL Nesbit, "2 & i 

years. For his parents." 3 f. 5x2 f. 7 1850 

1719. TuRNBULL Miss. "For Balti- 




1720. TuBNBULL Miss Sarah. 



1721. TuBNBULL Mr. 



1722. TuRNBULL Mr., "oval copy 

of Mr Turnbull's port, for 

Mrs Krumber. " 30 x 25 1855 

1723. TuRNBULL JuNR. Mr. Bust 1852 

1724. TuRNBULL Sen. Mr., "copied 

from R Peale. For R. T." 30 x 25 1850 

1725. TuRNBULL Mrs., "of Cincin- 

nati or Tennesee." Bust 1852 

196 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1811. 


1726. Turner Charles, "of Vir- 

ginia/' Bust 1846 

1727. Turner Miss, "for Mrs Van 

Pelt." Kit-kat 1832 

1728. Turner Mrs., "of Frederick- 

burg Va." Bust 1847 

1729. Turner Miss, "band intro- 

duced as above." Bust 1847 

1730. TwAiTS Mr., "of N. York 

Theatre for T Cooper 

Esq." Bust 1806 

1731. TwELLS Mart, "2 A i years 

old for Mr." 20x16 1830 

1732. Tyler Senr. Mrs., "of Brat- 

tleboro Vt. for her son." Head 1851 

1733. Value V. k child, "in half 

length." 4f. 2x3f.4 1828 

1734. Vanderkbmp Poune, Ber- 

tha A John, "children." Busts 1832 

Pauline Vanderkemp married BemardlHenry, Jr., son of 
741, and founded the Bethsiuda Home at ^Ghestnot HiU. 
John Vanderkemp settled in France and followed sculpture 
as a profession. 

1736. Van Ransalear Euphemia. Head 1840 

1736. Van Ransalear Mrs., " of 

Albany." Head 1840 

1737. Van Ransalear Mrs., " copy 

for daughter." Bust 1840 

Van Rensselaer is the correct qpelling of this historic name. 

Thomas Butty's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 19Y 


1738. Vatick Mr., "Pro£Fessor of 

University of Penna. '* 60 x 40 1869 

Henry Vethake (1792-1866) was bom in British Guiana 
and graduated from Columbia CoDege, New York, in 1808. 
He was professor of mathematics and of moral philosophy 
in the Univ. of Penna. from 1836 to 1859, being provost 
during the last five years. Owned by the Univ. of Penna. 

1739. Vanbrum, "a child, son of 

Govr. of Batavia." Bust 1808 

1740. Vaughan John, "for myself." Bust 1815 

1741. Vaughan John, "copied from 

my first." Bust 1822 

1742. Vaughan John, "for the 

Philosophical Society." Bust 1823 

1743. Vaughan John, "for myself." Bust 1823 

1744. Vaughan John, "for sale." Head 1823 

1745. Vaughan John. 10x8 1823 

John Vaughan (1765-1841) came to Philada. from England 
in 1783 and engaged in Uie wine business. For fifty-five 
years he was Secretary of the American Philosophical 
Society and was the founder of the 1st Unitarian Church 
in Phila. 1742, owned by the American Philosophical 
Society, was engraved by J. W. Steel, another belongs to 
the Historical Society of Penna. 

1746. Vbrrieb Mbs., "from a 

Fotograph for her son." Head 1865 

1747. Vbrribr Mbs. "Copied from 

the former for her 

Brother." Head 1865 

1748. VbrrierMbs. Head 1866 

198 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 

name size date 

1749. Victoria, Queen of Eng- 

land. "The head only/' Kit-kat 1838 

Begun Mar. 22, finished May 15. This original study from 
life, in vignette, is owned by the artist's grandson Francis 
Thomas SuUy Darley, Phila. Yide Introduction, vol. xxxii, 
p. 388, n. 

1750. Victoria Queen, "for Hod- 

son & Graves." Bp. half length 1838 

Bogun May 25. Finished June 24. This picture was engraved 
by Wagstaff and the painting is in the Wallace Collection 
at Hertford House, London. 

1751. Victoria Queen, "for the 

St. Georges Society." Whole length 1838 

Begun Sept. 30, 1838, and finished Jany. 14, 1839, and for 
it Sully was paid SIOOO. It is in the Hall of the St. Geoiige 
Society, Phila. 

1752. Victoria Queen, "for my- 

self." Whole length 1838 

Begun October 2, finished Dec. 20, and presented by the 
artist to the St. Andrew's Society of Charleston, S. C. 

1763. Victoria, " a copy. " 24 x 20 1839 

1764. Victoria, " altering the arms 

of the first." Half length 1839 

1766. Victoria, "copy of my Por- 

trait." 30x25 1871 

1756. ViLLARs Mrs., "in character 

—sketch— Ck)oper." Whole length 1807 

1767. ViLLARs Mrs., "in character 

of Lady Macbeth." Kit-kat 1807 

1758. Vincent Mr., "for Norfolk." Bust 1816 

1769. Von Spreckblsen Qeo. H., 

"deceased. Copy." Head 1863 

Thomas Sully's Register of PoHraits, ISOl'lSll. 199 



1760. Wadsworth Daniel. Bust 1807 

Daniel Wadsworth (1771-1848), founder of the Wadaworth 
Athen»um at Hartford, Ct. 

1761. Wadsworth Mrs. Daniel. Bust 1807 

Faith TrumbuU (1769-1846), daughter of 1715, married 
Daniel Wadsworth (1760). 

1762. Wadsworth Mrs., "Daniel 

W's mother." Bust 1807 

1763. Wadsworth Miss, "for Mrs 

Judge Hopkinson." Head 1834 

Elisabeth, sister of Gleneral James S. Wadsworth of Glenes- 
see, N. Y., married the Honble. Charles Augustus Murray of 
England. The portrait is owned by Mrs. OUver Hopkinson, 
Fhilada., and is reproduced in Wharton's SdUms Colonial 
and Republican. 



1766. Walker Mrs. 27 x 20 1859 

1767. Wallace Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Binney." Bust 1839 

1768. Wallace Mrs., "for H 

Binney. Copied from 1st." Bust 1840 

Susan Binney (1778-1849), sister of 146, married John 
Bradford Wallaoe and was the mother of John William 
Wallace, President of the Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

1769. Wallack Mrs. James, "for- 

merly Miss Johnston." Bust 1819 

1770. Waln Miss, "a subscriber." Bust 1808 

1764. Wagner Mr., 





Vide 1271. 

1765. Waldburg Mr., 





200 ThomM Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 


1771. Waln Mrs. Phoebe, "de- 

ceased. For her son." Head 1845 

1772. Waln Mrs., "copy of the 

late Mrs Wain's por- 
trait." Head 1849 
Phoebe Lewis married Hon. Robert Waln and one of her 
portraits by Sully is owned by Mrs. Rebecca Waln Tutt 
Wood of Ck>lorado Springs, Colorado. 

1773. Walsh Miss Gract. Bust 1803 

1774. Walsh Miss Isabella, Anna, 

Mart & Euzabeth. 54 x 43 1834 

1775. Walsh Mr. Bust 1814 

Robert Walsh (1784-1859), founder of the American Review 
of History and Polities in 1811, the first quarterly started 
in the U. S. Was U. S. Ck>n8ul in Paris for many years. 
This portrait was lithographed by Albert Newsam and the 
original is owned by Henry G. WaJsh of New York. 

1776. Walton Miss, "of Pensa- 

cola." Half length 1833 

1777. Walton Mr. Bust 1817 

1778. Ward Miss Penelope, "of 

Georgetown S C." Bust k hand 1845 

1779. Ward Mr. Joshua, "brother 

of foregoing.'' Bust 1845 

1780. Ward R. J., "of Lexington 

Kentucky." Bust 1833 

Owned b^ Mrs. Matthew F. Ward, Lexington, Ky. 

1781. Warlst Mrs., "deceased 

from a Daugerreotype." Head 1853 

1782. Warner Mr. "Preed. Li- 

beria from a Photo- 
graph." Head 1864 

Daniel Bastrial Warner, a negro, in hall of Hist. Society 

of Psnna. 

Thomas Sally's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 201 


1783. Warren Dr., "painted at 

Boston." Bust 1836 

John Ck>llin8 Warren (1778-1856), a distinguiahed surgeon 
of Boston and nephew of General Joseph Warren who fell 
at Bunker Hill. 

1784. Warren Mrs., "of the PhUa- 

delphia theatre." Bust 1807 

1785. Warren Mrs., "as Calister 

in Fair Penitent." Bust 1808 

Ann Brunton (1769-1808) was the first English actress of 
eminence to cross the ocean. In 1792 she married Robert 
Merry of the Horse Guards and they came to this country 
in 1796. Two years later Merry died and she married 
Thomas Wignell, the manager, who died soon after and she 
married William Warren, the actor, 1790. This record, as 
well as that of Mrs. John Drew, 465, will show that plurality 
of marriages among players is no new matter. Her sister 
Louisa became Clountess of Craven. 

1786. Warren Mrs., "and infant." Head 1811 

1787. Warren Wm. "Theatre, a 

subscriber." Head 1808 

William Warren (1767-1832), for many years Manager of the 
old Chestnut Street Theatre, Fhila. This portrait was en- 
graved by David Edwin for the Mirror of Taste. 

1788. Washington Genl., "copied 

from Stuart's whole 
length at Hartford. Copy 
on a small scale." Kit-kat 1807 

1789. Washington. "Copied from 

the same." Bust 1807 

1790. Washington Genl., "for the 

state of North Carolina. 

Copied from Stuart." 9 f. x t» f. 1817 

202 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-J871. 


1791. Washington Genl., "from 

Stuarf Bust 1820 

1792. Washington Genl., "after 

Stuart for J. Wain." Bust 1827 

1793. Washington. "Study for 

Equestrian portrait. Pre- 
sented to Col. John 
Wheeler.'' Kit-kat 1841 

1794. Washington. "Equestrian 

Portrait. " 12 f . 6 x 9 f . 6 1 842 

Owned by the Union League of Philadelphia. 

1795. Washington, "copy from 

Stuart by Tom re- 
touched." 8 ft. X 5 ft. 1842 

1796. Washington Genl. " Copied 

from Stuart for H. S 

Wisn." Bust 1854 

Owned by the Historical Society of Wisconsin at Madison. 

1797. Washington Genl., "for the 

HistSocy from Stuart." Bust 1855 

Owned by the Historical Society of Penna. 

1798. Washington Genl., "for 

myself. From Stuart 

owned by Col. Hunt." Head 1855 

1799. Washington. "Copy of 

Stuart's. From mine." Bust 1856 

1800. Washington, "for H. S. V. 

order of Mr Taylor." Bust 1856 

Owned by the Virginia Historical Society. 

1801. Washington, "copy 4th of 

Stuart's." Bust 1856 











Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 208 


1802. Washington, "copy after . 

Stuart." 24x20 1863 

1803. Washington, "after Healy's 


1804. Washington, "2d copy." 

1805. Washington, "3rd copy." 

1806. Washington, "4th copy." 

1807. Washington Genl. 

1808. Washington Genl., "copy of 

Stuart's whole length of." 30 x 27 1870 

1809. Washington Genl. "From 

TrumbuU & Stuart." 30x25 1871 

1810. Washington Mrs. Genl. 5x5 1869 

1811. Washington Family. "A 

composition. Original." Kit-kat 1850 

1812. Waterman Mrs., "condemn- 

ed, decUned." Head 1845 

1813. Waterman Mrs., "in lieu of 

the one condenmed." Head 1845 

1814. Watmough Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Nicklin." Bust 1825 

Maria Chew Nicklin (1800-1864), sbter of 401, married 
Edmund C. Watmough. Owned by M. Russell Thayer, 

1815. Watts Junr. Mr. "At- 

torney." Head 1843 

Henry Miller Watts U. S. Attorney for Penna. and U. S. 
Minister to Austria. 

1816. Watts Sen. Mr., "from a 

small picture." Head 1843 

204 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 


1817. Watts Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Schonenberger." Head 1843 

Wife of 1815. 

1818. WbarMr., "vendue-master." Bust 1813 

1819. Wbightman Mr., "of George- 

town." Kit-kat 1812 

1820. Weir Silas, "auctioneer." Kit-kat 1815 

Fh>bably the same person as 1818 only spelled di£Ferently. 

1821. Wblpord Mr., "on Pike's 

acct." Head 1811 

1822. Welford Mrs., "on Pike's 

acct." Head 1811 

Vide 1318. 

1823. West Benj., "copied from 

Leslie. For the A F A. " Half length 1864 

Leslie made a copy of Lawrence's portrait of West from 
which this was copied for the Artist's Fund Society. 

1824. WstheredMr. Bust 1853 

1826. WsTHERED Mrs. "Formerly 

Miss Evans." Bust 1853 

1826. Wetherill Dr. Charles. Head 1856 

1827. Wetherill Miss, "for 1 of a 

group of 5 heads." Head 1864 

1828. Wetherill Miss Margarite. Head 1851 

1829. Wetherill Mr. Chs. "Copy 

from Grimes." Head 1853 

1830. Wetherill Mr. Chs., "copy 

No. 2. for his son. " Head 1853 

1831. Wetherill Mr. Chs., "de* 

ceased. Copy, No. 3." Head 1854 

1832. Wetherill Mr. Charles. 

"Copy No. 4." Head 1864 

Thomas BvU^s Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 205 


1833. Wbthbrill Mbs. Chs. "Copy 

from Eicholtz." Head 1853 

1834. WxTHERiLL Mrs. Ch3., " copy 

No. 2. for her son." Head 1853 

1835. Wetherill Mrs. Chs. "Copy 

No. 3." Head 1864 

1836. Wetherill Mrs. Charles. 

Copy No. 4. These 

ordered by their son." Head 1854 

"These" refers to ooines No. 4, 1832, and 1836. 

1837. Wetherill Jr. Mr. C. Head 1854 

1838. Wetherill Mr. John, "for 

1 of a group of 5 heads." Head 1854 

1839. Wetherill Price, "from a 

former portrait." Head 1854 

1840. Wetherill Mrs. Price, "for 

1 of a group of 5 heads." Head 1854 

1841. Wetherill Mrs., "wife of 

Price Wetherili's son." Head 1853 

1842. Wharton Mrs. Bust 1825 

Margaret, daughter of Francb Rawle, married November 14, 
1786, Isaac Wharton. 

1843. Wharton Mrs., "copy for 

Mrs J Smith." Bust 1833 

Vide 1546. Owned by Mrs. William H. Gaw, Philadelphia. 

1844. Wharton Mrs., "formerly 

MissMarkoe." Head 1837 

Maria Markoe (d. 1873) married Geoige M. Wharton. 
Owned by Mrs. Thomas McEean, Philadelphia. 

1845. Wharton Miss Mart, "for 

Mr Wadsworth." Head 1834 

Mary Craig Wharton married General James 8. Wads- 
worth and her portrait is owned by Charles P. Wadsworth 
of Genesee, N. Y., and is reproduced m Wharton's SdUms 
Colonial and Republican. 

808 Thomas Sull/e Regtsier of Portraits, 1801-187 U 



Bust 1807 

Th^ first portrait p&tnted by 


1872. WiLcocKs Miss Akn, 

her brother.*' 
Begun December 9, 1807. 
Sully in Fhiladelphk* 

1873. WiLCOCKS Miss Ann. Bust 1808 

Ann Wilcocks (1781*1831), married Sept. 22» 1813, Joseph 
Reed Ingersoll. Vide 833* 

1874. Wilcocks Mbeta & Ellen. 

"Group for Mrs B W." Bust 1846 

Tbeoe should be Mary Wain, who m. Alexander D. Camp- 
bell» and Helen Julia who married Chandler Robbins. 

1878. WiUB Mas,, "of N. York for 

her sister Mrs CampbeU.'' 24 x 20 


1876. wiLKEB Capt. a, "u. a N. 

for Government.*' Bust 1843 

Charles Wilkes (1798-1877), a distinguished naval officer 
who made Important explorations of the Southern hemis- 
phere, for which he received a gold medal from the Royal 
Geographic^ Society of London. His capture of Mason 
and Slidell, from an Eqglish steamship, in the War of the 
Rebellion, made his name known everywhere. This portrait 
was engraved by Richard W. Dodson for the reports of his 
exploring expedition published by the U. S* Govemmont. 

1877. Williams Col. J., "for City 

of N.York." Bust 1813 

1878. Williams Genl. J*, "for the 

Military Academy at West 

Point.*' Whole length 1815 

Vide introduction, vol. xxxii, p. 393. 

1879. WiLUAMS Genl, J., "copied 

from the let picture in- 
tended for West Point, 

begun by my pupil West." Whole length 1816 

Jonathan Williams (1752-1815), grandnephew of Dr. 
Franklin; U* S. Commercial agent in Europe, 1777-1785, 
entered tlie army, 1801, and the next year organiied and 

Thomas Sully s Register of PoHraiU, 1801'1871. 209 


bocame first Superintendent of Weiet Point Military Acad- 
emy. 1877 b in Qty HaU, New York; 1879 is at Military 
Academy, West Point ; and 1878 ia owned by the Eatate of 
Colonel Alexander Diddle^ Philadelphia. This laat showa 
the force of the word "intended" in Sully 'a note to 1879. 
"My pup'il West" waa William E. West (1788-1857), known 
aa ''Kentucky Weat/' whose portrait of Lord Bjrron ia 
world famous. 

1880. Williams Mr., "of George- 

town. '' Kit-kat 

1881. Williams Mrs., "of Balti- 

moi^. Misa Beck.'' Bust 

1882. Williams Mrs. B. Bust 



H., "of 





1884. WiluamsonMr.," 73 Market 

St/' Bust 1837 

laaiah Vansant Williamson (1803-1889), a penurious phil- 
anthropist, of Philadelphia. 

1886. WiLUNG Mr., "for the Mutu- 
al Insurance Co/* Bust 1846 
The Mutual Assurance Co. of Phila. owns a portrait of 
Richard Willing by G. P. A. Heaty» but no portrait of 

"Mr. Willing" by SuUy. 

1886. WiLMOT Mrs., "Theatre Va 

miniature. ' * Bust 1 805 

1887. Wilson Mr. Miniature 1803 

1888. WiNTHROP LuT. GovR.^ "for 

his family/' Half length 1831 

Thomas Lindall Winthrop (1760-1841), Ueutenant governor 
of Maasachusetta, 1826 to 1832. Father of Hon. Robert 
Charies Wintiirop. Owned by American Antiquarian Soci- 
ety, Worcester, Maaa. 

1889. WiSTAR Dr., "deceased from 

Wood's draw'g. Rubbed 

out" Buat 1830 

VOL. xxxiif. — 14 

ho Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, ISOl'tSll. 


18m WisTAR Dr,, "2nd picttire. 

Copied from Otis/* Bust 1S30 

Caspar Wistar (1761-*1818), a distinguished physician of 
Philada. and founder of the Wietar Parties that were a 
prominent part of Philadelphia social life for many years* 

1891. WiTHERa Miss Caroline and 

MissCoRNEUA. ^^Group." Head 


1892. Wood Bh. ''For the Propa- 

ganda at Rome.*' Bust 1859 

James Frederic Wood (1813-1S83), Roman Catholic Arch- 
bishop of Pliila. He was born a Quak^ and joined the 
Roman CathoHc Church at the age of twenty-three and 
began to study for the priesthood, to whirh he was ordained 
at thirty-one, 

1893. Wood Mr*, *'a subscriber/^ Bust 1808 

*' A Subscriber/' repeated so often in Sully's Register, means 
that soon after his coming to Philadelphia thirty persona 
subscribed $30 each, to enable Sully to go to England to 
study, for which he painted each one's portrait. 

1894. Wood Mr., "as Charles De 

Moor whole length.'* Half length 1810 

The head engraved by David Edwin for the Mirror of Tads. 

1895. Wood. ^'From a study in 

1810 as Charles de Moor/' Head 1860 

William B. Wood (1779-1861), a popular actor and mana- 
ger, whose ^'Autobiographical Recollections" have been pub- 
lished. 1895 is owned by the Hiat. Sac, of Pa. 

1896. Wood Mrs., **of Arch St." Kit-kat 

1897. Wood Mrs. ''Vocalist.'' 



1898, Wood Mrs. '* VocaUst by 

recollection. Self.^' Head 

1899, Wood Mrs, "Vocalist in 

Somnambola, last scene. '* 6 f. 6 x 4 f. 6 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 211 


1900. Wood Mrs. " VocaUst. The 

foregoing reduced as a 

study." Kit-kat 1836 

Julia Paget, a favorite English opera singer, became Lady 
Lenox and later married Joe Wood the pugilist, with 
whom she came to this country. 

1901. WoodWm. "Surveyor." Bust 1810 

1902. WooDALL Rev. Dr., "of 

BurUngton." Kit-kat 1822 

1903. WooDRouGH Mrs., "at Oak- 

ville, Trenton, New 

Jersey." Bust 1819 

1904. WooDROUGH Rbvd. G., "for 

Lady Houston — Grand- 
mother." Bust 1819 

1906. WooDwoRTH Dudley. Miniature 1801 

1906. WooLCOT Mrs. " Retouching 

a copy by Dunlap." Bust 1814 

1907. WooLCOT OuvER. Bust 1814 

Oliver Wolcott (1760-1833), Secretary of the Treasury under 
Washington, and Governor of Connecticut from 1817 to 
1827. He was son of the Signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence of the same name, in consequence of which they 
are often confused. Engraved by A. B. Durand in 1820. 
Owned by Wadsworth Athenseum, Hartford, Conn. 

1908. WoRSELY Mrs. Miniature 1805 

1909. Wright Mrs. Grove, "& her 

two children." Bh. half length 1807 

For this picture Sully charged $200, the highest price he had 
reodved to this time. Begun July 10, finished July 23, 
inside of two weeks. 

Lfi Thomas StiUf/'s Register of Porlraits, 1801'187U 


1910. Yates Judge, "of Lancaster* 

a subscriber." Bust 1808 

Jasper Yeatas (1745-1817), Awociate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Penna. 

igih Yates Rev. H., "of the 

Charleston Bethel Ch." Bust 1848 

1012. YoNaEMR.J,T./'orYoung," Bust 1856 

1913, YoiTKO Mrs., '*for Mr Y of 


Bust k Hand 


1914. Zantzinoer Mrs., "of Lan- 

Small bust 



1916. Dallas George Mifflin. Head 1330 

Vide 396| n. Exhibited at Hiatorical Portrait Exhibition, 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1887- 
^\ and owned by Mrs. Elitabeth Dallas Tucker. 

1916. Davis Colonel Samuel B* Whole length 1819 

Vide 419^ n. Signed and dated* Exhibited at Historical 
Portrait Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
and owned by Sussex D. Davis, Philadelphia. This is doubt- 
less 419, and uot a replica, as the State of Delaware does 
not possess any portrait of Ck}L Davis at the present time. 

1917. Fairman Colonel Gideon. Bust 

Vide 517, n. Exhibited at Portrait Exhibition, New York^ 
1890, and owned by Mrs. James S. Warren, New York. 

1918. Inoersoll Charles Jared. Bust 1838 

Mde 829, n. Signed and dated. Exhibited at Historical 
Portrait Exhibition, Permsj^lvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
and owned by Mrs. Harry Itigeraoll, Philadelphia. 

Thomas Sulh/s Register of Portraits, 1801'187L 218 


1919. Ingersoll Joseph Reed. Bust 1832 

Fide 833, a. Signed and dated. Exhibited at Historical 
Portrait Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arta, 
and owned by Law Association, Philadelphia. Lithographed 
by Newsam as after Inman. 

1920. Jackson Andrew. Bust 1824 

Vide 854, n. Exhibited at Historical Portrait Exhibition, 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arte, and owned by L. 

Taylor Dickson, Phikdelphia. 


1921. La Fayette. Head 1824 

Vide 983, n. Signed and dated* £bdiibited at Historical 
Portrait Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
and owned by Herbert Welsh, Philadelphia. 

1922. Lesub Mrs. Robert. 1815 

Vide 1021, n. Wife of Robert Leslie (1765-1804), a noted 
Philadelphia clockmaker and mathematician, who was 
elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 
1795, and mother of Charles Robert Lealiei R.A», the dis- 
tinguished painter. 

1923. Malcolm Angbuca. Half length 18137 

Vide 114L Exhibited at Historical Portnut Exhibition, 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and owned by Mrs* 
George M. Coates, Philadelphia. 

1924. Patterson Willlam. Bust 1821 

Vide 1289, n. Signed and dated. In collection of Mary- 
land Historical Society, Baltimore. 

1925. Penn-Gaskell Isaac. Half length 

(1810-1842). Physician and son of 1926. 

1926. Penn-Gaskell Peter. Half length 

(1763-1831). Lineal descendant of William Pfenn. Came 
from England to Philadelphia late in the 18th century, 

1927. Penn-Gaskell Mrs. Peter. Half length 

(1772-1834). Was EUiabeth Edwards. 

214 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1928. Penn-Gaskell Thomas. Half length 

(179&-1847). Son of 1926. 1925 to 1928 were exhibited 
at Historical Portrait Exhibition, Penns^vania Academy 
of Fine Arts, along with 608 and 696, and owned by Peter 
Penn-Gaskell Hall, \ride 608 and 696. 

1929. Roberts Joseph Jenkins. Bust 1844 

A negro; Lieut.-Governor of Liberia and later President of 
the Republic. Painted and presented by Sully to Pton- 
. sylvania Colonisation Society along with eighteen other 
portraits now in the hall of the Historical Society of Penn- 

1930. Sully Family. Group 

Ten heads, on one canvas, of the painter's wife and nine of 
her children. Owned by Garrett C. Neagle, Philadelphia. 

1931. Sully Sarah. 1832 

Tide 1641, n. 

The following portraits of women have been publicly 
exhibited as by Sully, but I have been unable to identify 
them in the Register, doubtless from their having been 
painted before marriage and entered under the maiden names 
of the subjects. 

exhibited at the portrait exhibition of women, new 

york, november, 1894. 
Henry, Mrs. Wiluam Hamii/ton. 

Owned by William Hamilton Henry, New York. 

Morris, Mrs. Robert, of New Jersey. 
Owned by F. H. Bosworth, New York. 

exhibited at portrait EXHIBITION OF WOMEN, BOSTON, 
MARCH, 1895. 

Burgess, Mrs. Sophia Kip. 
Owned by Miss Storrs. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 215 


Bayard, Mrs. Richard Henry. 

Vide 96. Owned by Mrs. Oswald Jackson, Xew York. 

Jackson, Mrs. Isaac R, and Mrs. John Lee. 
Owned by Mrs. Oswald Jacksoii, New York* 

Jackson» Mrs. Isaac R. 

Owned by Mrs. Oswald Jackaoa, New York. 



Allston, Mrs. William. 

Vide 32. Owned by C. T. Miller, Cineinimti, 

Bullock, Mrs. Benjamin. 

Vide 2a9. Owned by Mrs. A. D. Bullock, Cincinnati, 


Allston, Mrs. R. F. W. 

Vide 23-25, 28. Owned by Mrs, A. Van der Horst. 

Greene, Mrs. Thomas. 

Owned by Mrs. M. W, Sinunons. 
HoRLBROOK, Mrs. J. E. 

Vide 770. Owned by Mrs. C. C. Pinckney. 

Lewis, Mrs. John W. 

Vide 1032. Owned by Dr. Francis Porcher Lewis. 

Sully painted a picture that was engraved by John Cheney 
for The Gift, for 1837, of a young girl reading a letter addressed 
to '*Mary H.," entitled The Love Leiier. From its compoai* 
tion it could be a portrait or a fancy picture. In May, 1891, 
at a sale of paintings from the Cooper Estate, at Bavis and 
Harvey's Auction House, Philadelphia, this picture was sold 
as " Portrait of Miss E. Sims, of Philadelphia. " The canvas 
was signed ''T. S. 1837," There is no portrait of Miss Sims 
in the Register, 

216 Corresp(mdmc€ of Col. Henry Bottquet. 





(Concluded from page 117.) 

(Col. Bouquet to Richard Peten.) 

Fort Bedford 12**» Sept 1759 
Dbar Sir 

Having an Express to Send down in a hurry I have only 
time to acknowledge the reception of your last of the 1** Ins*. 

I forwarded to the Oeneral the Gk)vemor*8 Letter I do 
not know whether he will feel as I do the injustice of your 
People But I confess my Patience is at an End, having had 
particulars & personal Proofe that no (Gentleman can dream 
of living in your Province, while the Power is lodged in 
hands Still full of the dirt of their former Mechanical & 
base Trades — 

If your Propr. will Submitt to their Incroachments, I 
think he has a right to do it and if he continues to doze, his 
thin attendance of friends will fall asleep : 

Migor Ward has no Comission, Please to Send me one 
for him. I will write you more ftilly by the first Express. 
For this day, Forgive & Vale ^ ^ 

(Col. Bouquet to Col. Bard.) 

Fort Bbdford 18^ September 1759 
Dbar Sir, 

I received your favours of the 5**^ & 7^ Instant and hope 
you have got to your ground by this time. The weather 
having been remarkably fine. 

I wrote to Cumberland to send you flour ft forrage, by 
the first Pack Horses from Virginia, but wish you had 

Correspondente of CoL Henry Bouquet 


taken more with you. Col. Mercer is desired to send yoa 
12 Beeves, Capt Woodward is to inform yon by express 
of the time those supplies will set off from Cumberland. 

Had we Tools and proper People to employ, the repara^ 
tion of Braddocks Road would be very neeessaiy ; for want 
of those two things, I am afraid we shall do nothing Cap' 
Pearis has orders to join you with his Company, taking the 
Pack Horses under his Escort, and Lieut. Jones is to follow 
with the next Convoy to you* 

We have had an account from St. Lawrence that Qen'l 
Wolflf attacked the Hnes the 31'* July with all the Ctrana- 
diers & 200 R. A. but was repulsed with loss of 400 men 
partly wounded. People begin to think that he will not 
succeed, But will ruin the Country in his Retreat. I hope 
better, he has beat the Canadians *S; Indians everywhere, 
killed great numbers, & got 500 Prisonera. 

No news from En rope, Callendar is arrived with his new 
Horses, But Ham bright is yet at Lancaster. 
I am my Dear Sir 

Your most obed^ hble serv' 
Henry Boitqukt 
Col. Armstrong marched with his 
Batt* the 8*** for Ligonier. 

For fear of exposing you to want, if tlie Pack Horses should 
not return in time from Winchester, I send orders to 
Capt Woodward to send you directly ten of Donaldson's 
Horses with 150* of flour each and six Beeves under an 
Escort of a Lieut & 16 men and as soon as the Pack Horses 
arrive to order 36 to proceed to you \\ath [torn] & 18 with 
forrage, the rest to go to Pittsburgh. „ ^ 

(Ool. Boaquet to Edwurd Bhippen.) 

Bedford 29**' September 1759 
Bear Sir 

Besides the £2000 : St I sent you lately, I desired Capt, 

Sinclair to pay you £500 : and I inclose you another draught 

218 Correspondence of CoL Henry Bouquet 

of thifl date for £1000: St. which I demre yoa will not draw 
till you hiive occaaioii for it, and give advice to Mr. Nelson 
of the time that he may be ready for you. 

Capt, IIambright*B Brigade is io sight, he haa loat many 
drivers <fc Horses, 

The forrage being abundant here, you may begin to let 
Bome Flour come up when oceaaion offers : We have up- 
wards of 12000 Buehella of different grains here, and more 
coming every day, So I suppose we shall aoou have enough, 
and I shall let you know when to stop bujing more, 
I am Dear Sir 

Your moat obed* hble Serv* 

IIknkv Bouquet 

(CoK Bouquet to CoL Burd.) 

Bedford 30^ September, 1759 
Dear Sir 

Your letter of the 26*** received last night surprised & 
vexed me beyond Expression ; after giving such strict 
charge to Lt, CoL Mercer to subsist you 6: repeated orders 
to the Commanding officer at Cumberland io forward Pro- 
visions mth the utmost diligence, Could I imagine that 
they would let you starve ? It is hard to have nobody to 
depend upon; Those Pack Horses you sent back to be 
loaded with forrage are not come back yet; and that was 
the Province to subsist the whole army. 

I hope your Beeves have saved your Lives, with what 
Deers you could kill, till the Convoy gone from Cumberland 
reaches you ; There is 41 Waggons from Winchester loaded 
with flour, and the Pack Horses going to your Post; I wish 
you had sent to Pittsburgh for supplies, it would have been 
easier* I had beg'd of the Genl. to send a Battoe to meet 
you, But with other Things was forgotten. I am sorry to 
my Soul of your cruel situation, reproaching myself to have 
trusted to any Body but myself the Care of your subsist- 
ence, But I did not then expect to have been so long de- 
tained here. 

Correspandefwe of Cat, Henr 


Kambright'8 Brigade arrived at last yesterday ^nith at 
least 20 Horses lost & 9 Drivers. They will require 3 or 
four days rest, ^ wlien I see ihem on their Way forward, I 
shall proceeel myself to Pittsburgh. 

Ourry sends you the things you want which we were 
obliged to get done iu a hurry not to detain this Express. 

I hope the nails & other things from Winchester will 
be sent to you. But to make sure you could write for 
some to Cap* Gordon and n?place them to him, when you 

You will have oats for your Horses* If you iind the River 
navigable, Please to write to the General to send you the 
Battoes to take what flour and suit will come to you. 

I am glad you could find such a pretty mtuation for your 
Post. Give it a shorter name than the wild one of the Creek* 

If I don't go to Niagara (as I hear I am ordered by Gen. 
A) I will pay you a visit, if you have not joined us when I 
am at Pittaburgh 

Provost Smith is expected at Philad* having defeated the 
Philistins compleatly 

There is some Church Squabble stirred up by one 
M^clanigan, supported by Mr Rob & Party, 

No better news from Quebec. It is generally exi>ected 
we shall miscarry there. 

Nothing from Europe, 

Mrs Sterling is gone. The departure was so lamentable that 
Pat writes me he was sent for to moderate the grieft'. 

Farewell my dear Sir, my kind Compliments to Col. 
Shippen, I am 

Dear Sir 

Your most devoted hble Servant 
Henry Bouquet. 
[Addressed] On His Majesty's Service 
To Colonel Burd 

upon the Mouongahela 

To be forwarded from Fort Cumberland by another man 

& Horse to Colonel Biird. 

220 Correspondence of Col Henry BouqmL 

(Col. Bouquet to Col Burd?) 

^ ^ Pittsburgh 24"* October 1759 

Dear biR 

I arrived here the 15^ and was since upon the new Road 
opened from the three Redoubt« to this Place which lias 
proved a heavy and difficult Work, 

I returned yesterday and the General ordered me to an* 
ewer your Letter of the 18^** 

He approves of the two small Houses you propose to build 
at the Crossing of Yioghiogheny, and desires when the flatt 
and Houses are finished that you would order a carehill Ser- 
geant and ten men to keep that Past They must have a 
couple of falling axes and a Padlock for the Stores. 

As there is neither roen nor Tools at Fort Cumberland 
or Bedford you must be so good to take the charge of getr 
ting the Bridge built upon the little crossing and to order 
the Loggs to be covered with good fascines and Earth and 
secured by strong Pine. 

As soon as your own Post is finished, the General desires 
you to march with the remainder ol youi detachment to 
Pittsburgh, leaving a diligent officer and 20 or 25 men at 
Burd'e Fort. The officer must give Certificates for all Pro- 
visions, Forrage &c, that will be sent there from Virg* and 
Maryland and inform the General or me thereof that Battos 
may be sent to bring them down. He will give a Regular 
Invoice of Each article sent here, to prevent neglect and 
Confusion ; Some allowance will be made to him in Consid- 
eration of his Care. 

I shall be extremely glad to see you here and remain, my 

Dear Sir 

Your most obed* Hble Servt 
Hknry Bouquet 
They say Quebec is fdlen, 
Wolff* killed, Montcalm and 
2 more generals killed. 500 
lost on our side. 1600 on the 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet, 
(Col. Bouquet to Col Burd.) 


^ Pittsburgh 25*** October 1759 

Dear Sir 

To prevent any future defieieucy of Proviflion at your 
Poet, Please to send order? to Messrs Walker and Ruther- 
furd for the quantity of Beeves that you may want at your 
Post & the two croflsingB of the Yioghiogheny and stop the 
flour you will have oecasion for from the Convoys passing 
at your Post 

If you had a Canoe I would propose to you to send a 
small Party up tLe Moncmghehela to reconoitre the course 
4 bearings of that River and how far it is navigable above 
your Fort; We could discover by that if a nearer Cut could 
be found with the Patowmack. 

The Yioghiogheny deserves also some notice, But am 
afraid you have nobody to judge of the possibility of making 
use of it for a communication unless Coh Shippen could 
take the trouble to follow that River down to the Mouong- 
liehek. Could I be spared here it would give me great 
satisfaction to explore those Waters with you, and con- 
tribute to a service that may prove so beneficial to the 
TiiWic. Farewell my Dear Sir 

I am Yours 

H. Bouquet 

(Coh Bouquet to Col Burd.) 

^ ^ Winchester IS"' December 1759. 

Dear Sir 

I have at last settled the account of this department as 
fer as could be done k propose setting off the 20*** for 
York, where I shall stay a day or t\\*o to settle w*** M' Ste- 
venson k then proceed to Lancaster : as I must make some 
Stay there, I must beg the favour you would secure me a 
lodging at Slough, Mr. Carr's House being too cold. 

I hope that M' Shippen has been able by this time to 
close his accounts, as I don*t Expect any more Carriages 
this year: If any body there has any Claims against the 


Correspondence of CoL Henry Bouquet. 

Crown; Be bo kind or M' Shippen to publieh an adver- 
tiseni* for thorn to bring in their aecounte to him, to be set- 
tled that I may not be detained having 6o many more below. 
The General writes me that he does not propose to leave 
Pittabnrgh before february if so noon. Your Troops are 
coming down to form the Line settled at Pittsburgh, 
Farewell my dear Sir 

Your most obed* hble eerv* 


My ReBpecta tci y' Lady & Mr 8hippen'a 
family, hope you found tlieni all well, 

(OrUem given at Fort Bedford.) 

Fort Bedford, Jan* 2 !•» 1760 

12 o'clock (Meridiem) 
The whole detachment to parade with their Arms at 1 

o'clock when every Man that does riot attend, a^^ well m 
those that ret'uae to do their Duty, shall be looked upon as 
Ring Leaders of Mutiny and Rebellion against His Majesty 
& will be punnished a^ such by the Sentence of a General 
Court Martial k forfeit all his Pay. — 

And the Commanding OtKcer takes this oppertunity to 
inform them that he lias received certjiin Intelligence by 
Lettei-s to Capt. Curry il- himself that the Royal Americans 
arrived at Carlisle the 17*^ Inst: ii^ are marching up with all 
Expedition to relieve thiB Garrison & w^ill undoubtedly be 
here this Week. 

And Colonel Shippen hcrel»y acquaints those that will 
chearfully do their Duty as good Soldiers till that Relief 
arrives, that he will do everything in his power to have 
Justice done them in every respect, — 

(Col, Bouquet to Captain Schlosiier.) 

gjg I*HiLADKLPHiA, 4^" April 1760. 

I just this Moment return from New York and as the 
Batt is to Remain in this Departement you will please to 

Correspondence of CoL Henry Bouquet, 


Send to Pittelnirg and Bedford the Cloathing of the Six 
Comipanieg k the detachTnent of ours — keeping at Lancaster 
what is necessary to compleat our four Companies to 100 
Rank and file, one Ilyler a Waggoner in Lancaster known 
by Mr. Shippen will find you the Jfuraber of Waggons 
wanted for it <&r if Possible raore which are to be loaded 
with forage They are to have two Dollars per Day besides 
forrage from Bedford to Pittsburg & back again to bedford 
but they are to supply theniselvee at their own Expence from 
hence to bedford and back again all loss and Danriagcs that 
could befall them by the Eneray will be paid by the Crown 
tho' Nothing for Horses lost by the drivers Neglect this 
ca!i make Some difficulties with the people but they are to 
Consider that they will have an Escort h-om bedford forward 
and that having Constantly their horses tied to the Waggons 
they Run no Risque of losing them if any of them after going 
to Pittsburg would choose to Remain in the Service they will 
be Employed between Bedford and Pittsburg or in Carrying 
ammunition from Legonier as the General w^ll be at Lan- 
caster. You are to take his Order upon sill this Keeping 
the Waggons ready to Set out when he thinks proper. As 
Soon a& you know how Many Waggons Ileylar can provide 
you will be so good to Speak with Mr. Shippen to procure 
forrage for them or if none is to be got in or about Lancaster 
they must Load Flower at Some of the Mills for Carlisle 
where they will Take in Forrage, I have not seen yet Mr. 
Lunan and Shall Send you Immediately the articles you 
want with the Camp Equipage, my most H^ Respects to 
the General you will Soon have orders to March therefore 
you will keep ev^ry thing ready. 
I am D' S' 

Your most obed' Humble Serv* 

Henry Bouquet 
P. 8. You know^ that 
Maior Tulliken goes to 
Warburtons k Cap* Walters 
of [V] 


224 Correspondence of Coh Henry Bouquet. 

(CoL Bouquet to p] .) 

Presq'Isle 30*^ September 1760 

Dear Sir 

I received last night your Letter of the 31. August and 
was very glad to hear that you are Well. No Body can be 
more seosible of your past services than I am, and would be 
better pleased to see them properly rewarded* But as I 
never had the Power to appoint a. D. Q, M. G, I can not 
see of what use my Certificate would be to you : neverthe- 
less you know you may command me, and if I can Serve 
you, I will do it with all my heart — I hope it will not be 
detrimental to your Interest to postpone Sending you that 
Certificate till I can see General Monckton, and know hie 
sentiments upon it: Sir John St. Clair being at the head of 
that branch, and acting ^ la the proper Person to give such 
Certificate, and as your friend wiW not refuse it: It is very 
prol)able that if I do intcrfer I might rather hurt than serve 
you. But I am ready to do what I can for your advantage 
which nobody wishes more sincerely than Dear Sir 

Your Devoted hble Ser^^ant 
Henry Bouquet 

(Col, Bouquet to Richanl Petera.) 

Fort Pitt d'"" October 1761 

Dear Sir 

I have the Pleafiure to acquaint yon that the Treaty at 
Detroit has Succeeded to the utmost of our Wishes. 

A Separate Confederacy Is made between the Shawanese, 
Delawares, Wyandots, and other Western Indians offensive 
and deffensive in which we are Included : The Petticoat is 
taken from the Delawares & they are now Men, with all the 
appurtenances thereto belonging, as many of our female 
Captives can certify. 

All their Prisoners are to be delivered, but they will force 
none to quit them : a New Regulation is made by Sir Wil- 
liam for the Trade at Each Post lowering the Price of 

Correspondence of CoL Henry Bouquet 225 

goods : Traders will be sent to their Towns with Sir Wil- 
liam's Licences But this will take Place only when they 
have performed their Engagement, 

Several Parties are gone to War against the Cherokees, 
St will certainly Influence their disposition for Peace. 

All this Transaction can not he very agreeable to the Six 
Nations, who are to meet Sir W" in their country, when 
after a Rebuke for their past Rash behaviour, They will be 
taken into favour again. Their Complaints redressed and 
there will be a general Peace all Nations. Amen. 

Pray what is the Cause of the unexpected Return of 

Col. B I don't like it, because I love him A am afraid 

he has been too Impatient I wish most sincerely on his 
account a Speedy Peace with the Cherokees, which would 
put an End to all the transactions on that Side. 

We have here the Carolina Paper War. It is high time 
to end the War with the French, for I see Ennemys enough 
among ourselves to keep up a martial Spirit. Forgive this 
haaty Scrawl — Shall I not See you Soon in Town — I 
hope So & am my dear Sir yours „ ^ 

(Col. Bouquet to CoL James Burd,) 

Philad* 10^'* April 1763 
Dear Sir 

As you remember that you desired to know how to make 
Shot, I send you the following method, 'which you can 
easily tr>% 

Put a quantity of Lead into an Iron ladle, and melt it 
slowly over a gentle fire ; so soon as it is perfectly liquid, 
pour it into a round wooden Box with a w^ooden cover 
nicely fitted to it, and let both that and the cavity of the 
box be well rubbed over with chalk ; Shut the box imme- 
diately when the melted lead is in it and shake it violently, 
so that the metal within may be agitated forcibly against 
all parts of the box. Continue this agitation till the metal 
is cold and on opening the box you will find the greatest 
VOL. xxxni. — 15 

226 Correspondence of Col Henry Bouquet 

part of it finely granulated ; Let the chalk that adheres to 
the grains be rubbed oft and then siffl them to make them 
of an eqiiiil size 

Your Turner at Lancaster can make you the Box, with 
an opening wide enough to rub the ineide with chalk, it 
ought to be ecrew'd to prevent ita opening before the Lead 
is cold. 

I am going tomorrow for twelve days to Maryland & 
expect to have soon after the Pleaaure to see you. I beg 
my Respects to M' Shippen & the Ladies and am Dear Sir 

Your most obed^ hble 8erv\ 


(Col. Bouquet to Richard Petere.) 

PnrLADELPHiA 24*** June 1763 
My dear Sir 

Tlie Circumstances having not permitted you to let me 
know, what acknowledgement I could make to our very 
obliging Friend Mr* Chew, any way adequate to the many 
Services he has done me : I find myself obliged to leave 
this Town without discharging So just a debt, which gives 
me some uneasiness, as it appears ungrateful. 

I must therefore depend upon your usual kindness for 
me to settle this point at your return from New York, and 
inform me what will be right that I may remit it immedi- 
ately, with my Sincere thanks. 

I will give myself the Pleasure to communicate to you 
whatever remarkable Eventa may happen in this Depart^ 
ment, during this Savage War, and shall always remain 
with the most Sincere aflection 

My Dear Sir Your most obliged 

Humble Servant 
Henry Bottquet 

(CoK Bouquet to Thomaa Foster,) 

Carlisle 29*^ June 1763 

Being credibly informed that some People living on 

Suequehannah, have sold Ammunition to Indians since 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet 227 

their treacherous and unprovoked Insurrection; I must 
begg you would acquaint those who thro' Ignorance may 
fall in the same Error, to what severe punishments they 
expose themselves by suoli Treasonable practices, That if 
the Love of Money should have tempted some to forget 
their Duty to their King and Country, The Fear of Death 
may deter others from being guilty of so infamous a Breach 
of the Laws ; you will be so kind as to send me the names 
of all those concerned in this affair. That without Loss of 
Time proper steps may be taken to bring to condign Pun- 
ishment the perpetrators of so flagitious a Crime. 
I have the Honour to be 

Sir, Your most obedient 

Humble Servant 
Henry Bouquet Collo. 
Command* His Majestys Forces 
in the Department of Fort Pitt. 

228 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 



[The compiler has aLso prepared a list of the immigrants from 1765 
to 1800, which may be consulted in the Manuscript Department of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania.] 

Moravian immigration to the British Colonies of North 
America^ dates from the year 1785, when, in March, the 
ship l\co Brothers^ Capt. Thompson, landed at Savannah, 

Augustus G. Spangenberg, Peter Rosa, 

Anton Seyffert, Michael Haberland, 

John Toeltschig, Qeorge Haberland, 

Gottfried Haberecht, Frederic Reidel, 

Gotthard Demuth, George Waschke. 

On February 16, 1736, the Simonds, Capt. Frank Cor- 
nish, landed at Savannah the second colony : 

Bishop David Nitschmann, Bosina Haberecht, 

Christian Adolph von Hermsdorf, John Martin Mack, 

Henry Bascher, Matthias Seybold, 

Andrew and Anna Dober, Jacob Frank, 

David and Bosina Zeisberger, Judith Toeltschig, 

David Tanneberger, Gottlieb and B^gina Demuth, 

John Tauneberger, Catherine Biedel, 

David Jag, Anna Waschke, 

Augustine Neisser, Juliana Jaeschke, 

George Neisser, John Boehner, 

John Michael Meyer, Matthias Boehnisch. 

^ The first Moravian to come to America was George Boehnisch, in 
September of 1784, who accompanied the Schwenkfelders to Pennsyl- 
vania. See Erlduterung fur Herm Qupar SchwenKfeld, for a narrative 
of the voyage. 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 


They had aa fellow-passengens General Oglethor|^>e, 
Charles and John Wesley, Benjamin Inghara, and Charles 
Delaniotte* The Moravians, who had been granted by the 
Georgia Trustees, in 1734, a tract of 60 acres near Savau- 
nah, and in 1735, two lots **in the new town," began to 
clear the land and erect dwellings. The prospeets of these 
small colonies, however, received a sadden check in 1737, 
for when the Spaniards of Florida endeavored to expel the 
English from Georgia, the latter called npon the Moravians 
to join in taking up arms against them. This they refused, 
having declared in London, ** that they neither could nor 
would bear arms on any consideration,** and eventually 
those who had not returned to Europe were transferred to 
Pennsylvania, and the mission abandoned. The Georgia 
estates were not sold until 1801, 

On July 21, 1740, Christian Henry Ranch arrived at 
New York, and October 26, 1741, 

Gottlob Buettner, 

John C. Pyrli 

J. William Zander. 

December 2, of the latter j^ear, Count Zinzendorf and 
suite landed at New York, and on the 10th inst. arrived in 
Philadelphia, where a house on the east side of Second 
Street above Race ha<i been rented for him. With him 


Betiigoa von Zinzendorf, his daughter, 

Roaina Nltechm&nn, wife of Bishop David Nitichmann^ 

John Jacoh Mueller, 

Abraham and Judith Meiuung, 

David Bruce, 

John Henry Miller. 

Following closely after the first purchases of land by the 
Church, in the present Northampton County, Pennsylvania, 
in the year 1741, two coloniee were organized in Europe, 
which are known m the *' First '' and ** Second Sea Congre^ 
gations," followed by four at later datee, the most conepicii- 
ous in that interesting period in the history of Moravian 

230 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

immigration, which falls in the interval between 1742 and 
1765. Individuals and smaJl companies occasionally ar- 
rived on vessels from England, and from Holland, through 
which country the Rhineland sent her Palatinates for trans- 
portation to the New World* When, however, the Church 
organized eoloniesj she invariably provided vessels of her 
own, from considerations of economy and out of regard for 
their comfort, but more particularly from a reluctance to 
expose her members, for whose spiritual welfare she w^a« 
concerned, to the hurtful influences of promiscuous associa- 
tion during the tedious weeks and months of a sea voyage* 

There were four vessels, the Gftherine^ Little Strcf^fflh^ 
Irene^ and Ilope^ owned by the Church and afloat at diSerent 
dates, and their crews, with but few exceptions, were mem- 
bers of or connected with the Church, In build tliey were 
snows, the largest of all tw^o-masted vessels engaged in 
commerce. The ensign of the Little Stref\q(h, Irme^ and 
Hope WB& a lamb passant wdth a flag, in a blood-colored 
field, and notwithstanding the peaceable clmracter of these 
vessels, they carried an armament of from two to four can- 
non and snuill arms. 

The Oithenne was purchased in London in the spring of 
1742, and on her the ** First Sea Congregation ** arrived at 
Philadelphia, July 7. The following day the German colo- 
wmtB \vere h\nded and taken to the Court Honse, at Second 
and Market Streets, where they took the usual qualification. 
The following is a list of the colonists : 

Henry a»d Ro^ina Aimers. 
Da V ill and Ann Catherine B'mclioff, 
Peter and Elizabeth Boeliler, 
John Bran dmi Her, 
John nnd Mary Barbara Brucker, 
Paul Daniel and Kegina Bryzelius, 
George and Elizabeth Harten, 
Robert and ^lartha Hussey, 
Adoljih Meyer, 

Michaeland Anna Johanna Mikach, 
Thoinaa and 

Samuel and Martha Powell, 
Joseph and Martha Powell, 
Owen and Elizabeth Rice, 
Joachim and Anna Catherine Sen- 

Michael and Ann Boaina Tanue- 

John and Elizabeth Turner, 
David and Miir>^ Elizabeth Wah- 

Ann Vairell* 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 231 

Singk Mm. 

Andrew, a n^ro, William Okely, 

John Oeorge Endter, Christian F. Post, 

Hector Gamhold, Gottlieb Pezold, 

John C. Heydecker, John B. Bonner, 

John Michael Haber, George Schneider, 

George Easke, Leonard Schnell, . 

Jacob Lischy, Nathaniel Seidel, 

John Philip Meurer, Joseph Shaw, 

Joseph Moeller, George Weisner, 

John Okely, Christian Werner, 
Matthew Wittke. 

A number of the English colonists were first settled at 
Bethlehem, and then at Nazareth, whence they were trans- 
ferred to Philadelphia, where they formed the nucleus of 
the Moravian congregation in that city. 

After the colonists had been disembarked and the cargo 
discharged, the vessel and her stores were sold, under in- 
structions from England. 

During the month of September, the following colonists 
arrived on a vessel not owned by the Church : 

Daniel and Hannah Neubert, with an adopted child, 

Jacob and Anna Margaret Kohn, 

Christopher and Christina Franke, 

Martin and Anna Liebisch, 

Anna Liebisch, 

Maria Brandner, 

Michael Schnall. 

Maria Dorothea Meyer, wdfe of Adolph Meyer, died off 
the Banks of Newfoundland, and was buried at sea. 

For the transportation of the colony organized in Ger- 
many for peopling the settlements on the Nazareth tract, 
and known as the " Second Sea Congregation," the LitUe 
Strength was purchased in England, and Capt Nicholas 
Gkrrison appointed her Master. Late in August of 1748, 
she was dispatched to Rotterdam, where the colonists were 

232 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

taken on board, and on September 17 sailed for New York, 
where she arrived after a passage of eighty-seven days. 
The names of the colonists were : 

Gottlieb and Johanna C. Anders, 
John Henry and Boeina Biefel, 
Martin and Margaret Boehmer, 
John David and Qertrude Boehringer, 
Qeorge and Anna Mary Christ, 
Thomas and Agnes Fischer, 
John C. and Anna Margaret Fritsohe, 
Peter and Anna Barbara Goetje, 
John Godfrey and Anna Mary Grabs, 
Matthew and Elizabeth Hancke, 
Abraham and Anna Mary Hessler, 
John Tobias and Mary Hirte, 
John C. and Mary M. Hoepftier, 
John and Anna M. Jorde, 
Matthew and Christiana B. Krause, 
Andrew and Bosina Kremser, 
George and Anna Mary Kremser, 
Daniel and Anna Mary Kunkler, 
John and Barbara Michler, 
John Henry and Bosina Moeller, 
John and Mary Philippina Mozer, 
John Michael and Catherine Muecke, 
Jonas and Margaret Nilsen, 
George and Susan Ohneberg, 
John G. and Susan L. Partsch, 
David and Elizabeth Beichard, 
Matthew and Magdalen Beutz, 
John and Anna C. Schaaf, 
John and Divert Mary Schaub, 
Andrew and Hedwig Begina Schober, 
Matthew and Anna M. Schropp, 
John C. and M. Dorothea Weinert, 
Matthias and Margaret C. Weiss. 

The following are the names of the colonists fitted out at 
Herrnhut : 

Andrew and Anna £. Brocksch, 
Christopher and Anna Mary Demuth, 
John G., Sen', and Begina Hantsch, 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 238 

ChriBtopher and Eliiabeth Hencke, 
John Henry and Barbara R Hertzer, 
John and Rosina Muenater, 
Oeorge and Johanna R Nieke, 
Christian and Anna D. Schutze, 
Gkorge and Anna D. Zeisberger. 

Single Men. 

John Jacob Doehling, Ck>nrad Harding, 

John 6. HantBch, Jr., Christian F. Oerter, 

John G. Nixdorf. 

Single Woman. 
Anna Begina HantBch. 

Namee of the colonists fitted out in England : 

Elizabeth Banister, widow, John and Sarah Leighton, 

David and Mary Digeon, Andrew and Jane Ostrum, 

James and Elizabeth Greening, Jasper and Elizabeth Payne, 

Richard and Sarah Utley. 

With Bishop David Nitschmann, David Wahnert (cook of 
the Catherine) and wife, Gteorge and Elizabeth Harten, 
George Weber and wife, and Samuel and Mary (Indian 
converts), as passengers, the Little Strengthj on March 24, 
1744, sailed from New York for Amsterdam — ^a port she 
was never destined to reach. On the morning of May 1, 
when in the chops of the English Channel, she was captured 
by a privateer, a prize crew put on board, the passengers 
robbed, and six days later they were landed at St Sebas- 
tian. The Little Strength proved a total loss to the Church. 
Four years elapsed before the Church again had a vessel of 
her own afloat 

The demand from Pennsylvania for more colonists becom- 
ing urgent, Captain Garrison, who had returned from cap- 
tivity at St. Sebastian, was dispatched to New York to 
superintend the building of a transport vessel. On Oct 25, 

234 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

Bishop A. G. Spangenberg and wife, 
Capt. Nicholas Garrison, 
Abraham and Sarah Reincke, 
Andrew and Dorothea Horn, 
Christian Froelich, 
George Neisser, 

on the ship Jaeob, arrived at New York. The day follow- 
ing his arrival, Capt. Garrison called on Timothy Horsfield, 
with reference to building the projected vessel, and also on 
Thomas Noble, who was to act as financial agent. Finally 
they decided that a " snow " should be built, and contracted 
with Jan Van Deventer, a reputable ship-builder of Staten 
Island, to build the hull, make and set the masts and rig the 
vessel. The rigging, cables, and anchors were to be pur- 
chased in' England, these articles being cheaper there than 
in the colonies. The building of the vessel progressed 
slowly, and it was not until tlie spring of 1748 that she was 
ready for launching. Accordingly on Tuesday, May 29, at 
eleven o'clock a.m., in the presence of about one thousand 
spectators, the Irene^ as she was christened, was successfully 
launched, after which a lunch was served to the workmen. 
In honor of the event. Bishop Spangenberg presented the 
builder's wife with a new gown. Three days later, the new 
transport was docked at Old Slip, Captain Garrison put in 
command, and she was registered in the name of Henrj^ 
Antes. Securing a cargo and a few passengers (not Mora- 
vians), on September 8, the Irene cleared from New York on 
her maiden voyage for Amsterdam. While the Irene was 
being built, several small companies of Moravians arrived 
at Philadelphia and New York. In September of 1745, the 
following persons landed at Philadelphia : 

William P. and Hannah Knolton, 
Eve Mary Meyer (a widow), 
Jarvis Roebuck. 

On December 28, 1746, the snow John Gallei/j Captain 
Crosswaite, arrived oft Lewes, Delaware, and navigation 

Moravian ImmigraHon to Pennsylvania. 235 

being closed, her passengers were landed and continued 
their journey by land to Bethlehem, via Philadelphia. 

Bishop J. C. F. Cammerhoff and wife, 
Esther, wife of ChristiaD Froelich, 
Matthias Gottlieb Gottochalk, 
Vitas and Mary Handnip, 
Judith Hickel, a widow, 
Sven and Anna Margaret Boeeen, 
John and Johanna Wade, 
John Eric Westerman. 

In June of 1748, there arrived at New York, 

J. G. Bitterlich, Paul Paulson, 

Andrew Broksch, Christian Pfeifier, 

John G. Geitner, Godfrey Boemelt, 

Bemhard Adam Grube, Jeremiah Schaaf, 

Joseph Hobsch, Christian Schmidt, 

Gottfried Hoffman, Paul Schneider, 

Matthew Kunz, John Seyffert, 
Samuel Wutke. 

In September there also arrived at the same port : 

Baron John and the Countess Benigna von Watteville, 
Anna Roeina Anders, Catherine B. Keller, 

Hasselman, Elizabeth Lisberger, 

Elizabeth Palmer. 

During the nine years the Irene was in the service of the 
Church, she crossed the Atlantic twenty-four times, sailing 
between New York and ports in England and Holland, and 
made one voyage to Greenland. She was always rated a 
staunch vessel and an excellent sailer, and at the time of 
her capture and loss had never met with any serious mishap. 
The large number of colonists she brought over from Europe 
for settling the estates of the Church in Pennsylvania, and 
the fact of her never entering or clearing from the port of 
Philadelphia, caused Gk)vemor Hamilton in a personal in- 
terview wi^ Bishop Spangenberg to ask for an explana- 

236 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

tion. " We wish we could use the port of Philadelphia," 
stated the Bishop, " but since our captain is a native of New 
York, and has a large acquaintance with the merchants of 
that city, he can more readily obtain freight there than in 
Philadelphia, passengers alone not being sufficient An- 
other serious objection is, the merchants of Philadelphia 
own their own vessels." As already stated, the Irene sailed 
from New York for Amsterdam September 8, 1748, and 
' arrived at the Texel November 1. She cleared from Lon- 
don, March 1, 1749, and arrived at New York May 12, 
with the "John Nitschmann Colony," with whom came 
Christian David, of Herrnhut, Matthew and Rosina Stach, 
missionaries to Greenland, and three converts, who had 
been on a visit to Europe. 

The <'John Nitschmann Colony" was the largest ever 
brought over on a Moravian transport. The following is a 
roster of the colonists : 

John and Juliana Nitschmann, 
David and Roelna Nitschmann, 
Michael and Anna Helena Haberland, 
Samuel and Roeina Krause, 
Joseph and Verona Mueller, 
Chnatian J. and Anna M. Sangerhaiisen, 
Matthew and Rosina Stach, 
John and Anna Stol), 
David and Mary Wahnert, 
Chriatian F. and Anna R. Steinnian, 
Christian David, widower, 
John Schneider, widower, 
Magdalena E. Reuss, widow. 

Single Men. 

Gottlieb Bemdt, clothier. Upper Silesia, 
Wenzel Bemhard, baker, Bohemia, 
Joachim Bimbaum, tailor, Brandenburg, 
Peter Drews, ship carpenter, Qlueckstadt, 
J. Philip Duerrbaum, Mittelhausen, 
Evert Eversen, joiner, Norway, 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 287 

J. Godfrey Engel, tailor, Brandenburg, 

EliaB Flex, fimner, Upper Silesia, 

Heniy Fritsche, tailor, Silesia, 

Paul FritBche, carpenter, Moravia, 

J. Leonard Ckittermeyer, blacksmith, Bavaria, 

George Gold, mason, Moravia, 

John P. Hohman, shoemaker, Brandenburg, 

Daniel Kliest, blacksmith, Frankfort, 

Andrew Krauae, weaver, Brandenburg, 

Christopher Kuehnast, shoemaker, Prussia, 

David Kunz, farmer, Moravia, 

Peter Mordick, farmer, Holstein, 

John B. Mueller, clothier, Wiirttemberg, 

Michael Muenster, carpenter, Moravia, 

Martin Nitschmann, cutler, Moravia, 

Carl Opitz, shoemaker, Silesia, 

George Pitschman, weaver, Upper Silesia, 

John G. Renner, fiinner, Swabia, 

John C. Richter, joiner, 

Andrew Rillman, stocking- weaver, Saxony, 

Frederick Schlegel, weaver, 

John Schmidt, furrier, Silesia, 

J. Christopher Schmidt, fringe and lace maker, Saxony, 

Melchoir Schmidt, carpenter, Moravia, 

Melchoir Schmidt, weaver, Moravia, 

Martin Schneider, mason, Moravia, 

Carl Schultze, mason, Posen, 

Godfrey Schultze, farmer. Lower Silesia, 

John Schweisshaupt, stocking-weaver, Wiirttemberg, 

Andrew Seiffert, carpenter, Bohemia, 

Thomas Stach, book binder, Moravia, 

Rudolph Straehle, mason, Wurtemberg, 

David Tanneberger, joiner. Upper Silesia, 

John Nicholas Weinland, farmer. 

John, Matthew, Judith. 

Single Wonien. 

Rosina Amdt, Anna Rosina Beyer, 

Rosina Barbara Arnold, Maria Beyer, 

Margaret Ballenhorst, Elizabeth Bieg, 

^^^^^^H SS8 Moravian Immigralion 

to Pennaylvanta, ^^^^^^^| 

^^^^^^^^H Catherine Binder, 

Martha Maans, ^^^^^^^H 

^^^^^^^^H • Ro«ina Dietz, 

Magdalena MeyerhotT, ^^^^^^^H 

^^^^^^^^H Maria Dominick, 

Magdalena Mingo (negren)^ ^^^^^^H 

^^^^^^^^H Bopbia M. Dressier, 

Anna M, NitBrhe^ ^^^^^^^| 

^^^^^^^^H Margaret Drews, 

Dorothea Nuernberg, ^^^^^^^| 


Helena Niisz, ^^^^^^^^H 

^^^^^^^^F Maria E* Eogler, 

Elisabeth Oertel, ^^^^| 

^^^^^^^L Caiherinc 

Maria E. Opitz, ^^^^| 

^^^^^^^^H Catherine 

Catharine Paubon, ^^^^ 

^^^^^^^H Bofiina 

Anna RaniMbiirger, ^^H 

^^^^^^^^H Margaret Groesser, 

Margaret C, Eeb^lock, ^^M 

^^^^^^^^H Helena Gruendberg, 

Anna 0. Eenner, ^^H 

^^^^^^^^H Juliana Haberland| 

Anna M. Both, ^^| 

^^^^^^^^K Anna M. Hammer, 

Anna M, Bchmatter, ^^^| 

^^^^^^^^^^^^ Rofiina Haus, 

Boaina Schuling, ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^^^^& Margaret Heindel^ 

Magdalena Schwartz, ^^H 


Juliana Seidel, ^^H 


Dorothea Uhlinan, ^^H 


Divert Vogt, ^^H 

^^^^^^^^^^^H Anna 

Susanna Wei<^ht, ^^^| 

^^^^^^^^^^^B Barbara 

Catherine Wentzeh ^^^| 

^^^^^^^^^ Loading lumber and other material for the inii^Biori in ^^| 

^^^^^^^H Greenlarii], the Irefw sailed on 

her second voyage from ^^H 

^^^^^V Btdten Island June 21, 1748, 

with Christian David, tlie ^^| 

^^^^^^^H oiiBsionarj Stach and wife, an^ 

il the three converta, and ^^H 

^^^^^^^K arrived at New Herrnhut, Greenland, on Jnly 30. She was ^^| 

^^^^^^^H back again in New York, August 29. In the summer of ^^| 

^^^^^^^H 1749, the following single men 

from Yorkshire, England, ^^H 

^^^^^^^H arrived at Bethlehem, who were 1 

to carry on the manufacture ^^| 

^^^^^^^H of woolen goods : 


^^^^^^^^H William Dixon, 

John HirBt, ^^^^ 


Richard Popplewell. ^^^| 

^^^^^^^H On October 15, 1749, the Irene sailed on her third voyage ^^| 

^^^^^^H from New York, and arrived 

at London November 21, ^^H 

^^^^^^^1 making the quick pjiasage^ as her log sti^tes, of <^ thirty daya ^^M 

^^^^^^^H from land to land/' She Bailed from Dover, May 11, 1750, ^^| 

^^^^^^^H and arrived at New York on ^T 

une 22, making a remarkar ^^| 

^^^^^^^H ble westward passage, with the following colonietB on board : ^^H 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 239 

John A. Albrecht, 
MarcuB BalflEs, 
George Baumgarten, 
Henry Bergman, 
John A. Borhek, 
Zacharias Eckhard, 
Just Erd, 
Walter Ernst, 
Glaus Euler, 
Henry Feldhausen, 
J. Ghristopher Feldhausen, 
Godfrey Foeckel, 
Samuel Foeckel, 
Andrew Freyhaube, 
Henry Friz, 
Lucas Fuss, 
Ghristian Giersch, 
John George Groen, 
Abraham Hasselberg, 
Balthasar Hege, 
Jacob Heydecker, 
John Henry Herbst, 
Samuel Herr, 
Jacob Herrman, 
John G. Hoffman, 
Thomas Hoffman, 
Christian H. Hoepfher, 
Eric Ingebretsen, 
Andrew Jaecke, 
John T. Komman, 
John G. Lange, 
John S. Lauck, 
Henry Lindenmeyer, 
Christian H. Loether, 
Carl Ludwig, 


Christopher Feldhausen, 
Henry Geretberger, 
Andrew Gross, 
John C. Haensel, 
Paul Hennig, 
Frederick R Herrman, 
Susan M. Herrman, 

Jacob Lung, 
John G. Masner, 
Christopher Matthiesen, 
Nicholas Matthiesen, 
Christopher Merkly, 
Jacob Meyer, 
John S. Meyer, 
Philip Meyer, 
John Muensch, 
Melchior Muenster, 
John Jacob Nagle, 


John M. Odenwald, 
John Ortlieb, 
John Matthew Otto, 
Peter J. Pell, 
Hans Petersen, 
Frederick J. Pfeil, 
John M. Pitzman, 
Jacob Priessing, 
John Henry Richling, 
John Richter, 
Godfrey Roesler, 
Daniel Ruenger, 
Michael Sauter, 
Paul Jansen Sherbeck, 
Henry Schoen, 
George Schweiger, 
Christian Schwartz, 
Gottfried Schwartz, 
Abraham Strauss, 
John D. Sydrich, 


John A. Wagenseil, 
Andrew Weber. 


London (a negro), 
John Henry Merck, 
Martin Presser, 
Paul C. Stauber, 
John Thomas, 
Francis Steup, 
Sophia Steup. 

240 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania, 

The Irene left her dock in New York, 28 August, 1750, 
on her fourth voyage, and during a severe storm lost both 
topmasts and narrowly escaped from foundering. On her 
return voyage, she sailed from Dover, and arrived at New 
York, 26 September, 1781, with the following passengers : 

Joachim and Elizabeth Biuse, John Jacob Schmick, 

John Christian Christiansen, Dayid Zeisberger, 

John Michael and Gertrude Graff. 

On her fifth voyage, the Irene sailed from New York, 22 
November, 1761, and was again in port (last from Dover), 
17 May, 1751, bringing as passengers : 

Bev. Francis and Ann Catherine Boehler, 
Bev. Andrew Anton and Anna Maria Lawatsch, 
Bev. Jacob Bogers (widower), 
Jacob Wahnert (do), 

Boeina Pfohl (widow), 
Maigaret Wemhamer (single). 

About a month after the sailing of the Iroie on her fifth 
voyage, there arrived unexpectedly at New York, Bishop 
A. G. Spangenberg witli 

Bev. Philip C. Bader, 

Bev. Nicholas H. Eberhardt, 

Bev. Matthew and Anna M. Hehl, 

Matthew Kremser, 

Carl Godfrey Bundt, 

Henrietta Peterman. 

The Irene sailed from New York on her sixth voyage, 
July 6, 1752, and from London on her return, reaching her 
dock November 20, having on board a number of single 
women and others : 

Anna Maria Beyer, Margaret C. KUngelsteiu, 

Maria C. Diets, Anna Mann, 

Margaret Ebermeyer, Agnes Meyer, 

Dorothea Qaupp, Johanna D. Miller (wife of 

Catherine Gtorhardt, Henry Miller, the printer, 

Inger Hyde, of Philada. ), 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 241 

Christina Morhardt, Anna Sperbach, 

Begina Neuman, John Toeltschig, 

linet Bedderberg, Juliana Warkler, 

Catherine Ruch, Schultz (widow), 

Felidtas Schuster, David Wahnert. 
Margaret Seidner, 

On April 5, 1758, the Irene sailed from New York, on 
her seventh voyage, and from London on her return, June 
18, and was docked September 9. Her passengers were : 

Rev. Peter and Elizabeth Boehler, 
Rev. Jacob and Elizabeth Till, 

Susan Till, 

Rebecca Till, 
GJeorge Stephen and Susan Watson, 
Ludolph Gottlieb Backhof, student, Luneberg, 
Christopher Henry Baehrmeyer, writer, Brandenberg, 
Frederick Beyer, carpenter, Silesia, 
Ludwig Christian Daehne, tailor, Weringerode, 
Jacob Eyerie, blacksmith, Wurttemberg, 
George Christian Fabricius, student, Denmark, 
Jacob Fries, student, Denmark, 
George Wenzeslaus Golkowsky, surveyor, Silesia, 
Joseph Haberland, mason, Moravia, 
Jacob Herr, mason, WUrttemberg, 
Samuel Hunt, clothmaker, Yorkshire, England, 
Jacob Jurgensen, purse-maker, Denmark, 
Hans Martin Kalberlahn, surgeon, Dronthheim, 
Henry Krause, butcher, Silesia, 
Otto Christian Krogstrup, student, Denmark, 
Joseph Lemmert, tanner, Brisgau, 
Jacob Rogers, Yorkshire, England, 
Albrecht L. Rusmeyer, student, Luneberg, 
George Soelle, student, Denmark, 
Christian Frederick Toellner, tailor, Pomerania, 
Christian Wedsted, carpenter, Denmark, 
Peter Weicht, farmer, Silesia, 
Peter Worbass, carpenter, Denmark, 
Curtius Frederick Ziegler, student, Pomerania. 

It is worthy of mention, that the Jirst steam aigine 
operated in the colonies was brought over on this voyage, 
VOL. xxxin 16 

242 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

and taken to the copper mine near the present town of 
Belleville, New Jersey. 

On November 3, 1753, the Irene sailed from New York 
on her eighth voyage, and from Qravesend, March 15, 1754, 
reaching her dock April 15, the quickest western voyage 
she ever made, " being but three Sundays at sea." The 
following is a list of her passengers: 

Bishop AuguBtuB G. Spangenberg, 
Rev. Francis Christian Lembke, 
David Nitschmann, Sen\, 
Andrew Schoute, 
C. T. and Anna Maria Benzien, 

Anna Benigna Benzien, 

Christel Benzien, 
Rev. Paul D. and Regina Dorothea Bryzelius, 

Hannah Bryzelius, 

Mary Bryzelius, 

BenatoB Bryzelius, 
Rev. John and Joanetta Maria Ettwein, 

Christel Ettwein, 
Nicholas and Mary Ann Oarrison, 

Benjamin Garrison, 

Nicholas Garrison, Jr., 
J. Valentine and Catherine Haidt, 
David and Regina Heckewelder, 

Christian Heckewelder, 

David Heckewelder, 

John Heckewelder, 

Mary Heckewelder, 
David Schmidt, 
David and Rosina Wahnert 

Single Men. 
William Angel, Andrew Hoeger, 

Peter Brink, Christian Jacobsen, 

William Edmonds, Jost, 

Charies Frederick, Leighton, 

William Okely. 

Single Women. 

Mary Evans, Enrichen, 


Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania, 243 

On her ninth voyage, the Irene sailed from New York, 
29 May, 1754; and from London, September 22, arri\ing 
at her port November 16, haviug on board a colony of single 
men in charge of Gottlieb Peloid. 

Nicliola£ Anspacb, farmer, Palatiiistte, 

Matthew Bacher, shoemaker, Salzburg, 

I^renz Bagge, carpenter, Hoist ein, 

Joseph Bulitechek, carpenter* Bohemia, 

Jens Colkier, carpenter, Jutland, 

Mekhior Coumad, carpenter, HoraTia, 

Adam Cramer, tailor, 

Detlof Delfs, ehoeniaker, Holstein, 

Franz Christopher Diemer, baker, 

Carl J. Dreyspring, tailor, Wurttemberg, 

Gottfried Dus*, potter, Sileeia, 

Jacob Ernst, baker, Switzerland, 

Caaper Fischer, miller, Hildburghausen, 

August Henry Francke, Wetteravia, 

Christian Freible, 

Hans Nicholas Funk, farmer, Lobcnstein, 

Joseph Oiers, miller, Moravia, 

Matthias Gimmile, tailor, 

John Henry Grunewald, farmer, Mecklenburg, 

John Adam Hassfeldt, saddler, Ebersfeld, 

Joseph Huepscb, shepherd, Moravia^i 

John Jag, Moravia, 

Samuel JohB (Malay), Ceylon, 

John Klein, saddler, Barmstadt, 

Cliristopher Kloetj!, shoemaker, 

David Kunz, caq^enter, Moravia, 

John Henry L^nzner, book binder, Beyreath, 

Michael Linstroem, Unenweaver, 

Henry George Meisser, shoemaker, 

John Matthew Mikach, gardener, Saxony, 

Lorenz Nielsen, carpenter, Holstein, 

Carl Ollendorf, tailor, Brandenburg, 

Hans Petersen, 

Philip Henry Ring, baker, Alsace, 

Martin Rohleder, farmer, Moravia, 

Samuel Saxon, clothier, England, 

Martin Schenk, mason, Moravia, 

George Schindler, carpenter, Moravia, 

244 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

Peter Sproh, mason, Courlaiid, 
John George Stark, stocking-weaver, 
Anton Steimer, mason, Prussia, 
Christian Steimer, shoemaker, Prussia, 
John Stettner, tailor, Anspach, 
Edward Thorp, shoemaker, England, 
Carl Weinecke, shoemaker, 
Joseph Willy, clothier, England, 
Jens Wittenberg, skinner, Norway, 
John Wuertele, shoemaker, WUrttemberg, 
Henry Zillman, tailor, Brandenburg, 
Christian Frederick Post (Indian missionary). 

In charge of Nicholas Garrison, Jr., as Master, the Irme 
sailed from New York February 4, 1755, and arrived from 
London, August 11, her tenth voyage, but brought over no 

The Irene^ Christian Jacobsen, Master, sailed for Eng- 
land, on her eleventh voyage, September 28, 1755, and was 
back in port again June 2, 1756, having brought over the 
following single men : 

John B. Boninghausen, Henry Ollringshaw, 

Joachim BuBse, John M. Rippel, 

James Hall, John Roth, 

Casper G. Hellerman, Michael Ruch, 

Elert Koortsen, William Schmaling, 

Oeorge £. Mentzinger, George Seneff, 

John Mueller. Hans Jacob Schmidt. 

The twelfth voyage of the Irem was made to London, 
July 1, 1766, and on December 12, she landed the follow- 
ing passengers at New York : 

Peter Boehler, Christian Bohle, 

William Boehler, Adolph Eckesparre, 

Philip Christian Reiter. 

The thirteenth voyage of the Irene^ to London, in March of 
1757, is devoid of interest, and no colonists were brought over. 

On November 20, 1757, the Irene sailed from New York 
on her fourteenth and last voyage. When ten days out she 
was captured by a French privateer, and proved a total loss 

(amvian Immigration to Pennsylvania, 


to the Cbiirch. The newB of her capture and wreck did not 
reach Bethlehem until May 19, 1758. Andrew Schoute, 
tor five years one of her mates, who was returning to Europe 
in impaired health, prepared an account of his experiences, 
from which the following extracts are taken : 

** On the 20th of November we cleared Sandy Hook. At 
noon on the 29th, we sighted a vessel to the north bearing 
down on us and soon after hoistdng the English flag. Mis- 
tnisting the stranger, we showed no colors, but crowded on 
all Bail in the hope of eflecting our escape, whereupon the 
stranger ran up the French flag* It was now a trial of 
speed, in the course of which the Irene gave proof of her 
excellent sailing qualities; but at eleven o'clock at night 
our storm sails parted. The privateer now gained rapidly 
on us, and as she did so fired shot after shot. It being 
bright moonlight and no further hope of escape in our dis- 
abled condition, we hacked our sails, and at midnight our 
ill-fated vessel was boarded — Lat, 36*^, Long, 62^. Capt 
Jocobsen and two of hia crew were immediately transferred 
on board the privateer, which proved to be the Margaret 
from Louisburg, and the Irene given in eJiarge of a prize 
crew who were ordered to take us into Louisburg. At day- 
break we were ordered on deck, and stripped and plun- 
dered of all we had on our persons. The weather g^revv foul, 
and we found the prize crew inexperienced in seamanship, 
and occasionally they would call upon us to assist in navi- 
gating the vessel. ... On the morning of January 12, 
1768, the fog raising, we discovered an island close by the 
vessel, whereupon we put out to sea. In the afternoon the 
Frenchmen decided to make for the land again, when I 
went to the captain and pilot, and tried to dissuade them 
from so uneeamanlike a course in foggy weather, and told 
them that tliey would certainly lose the vessel. As they 
would not listen to my protest, I prepared for the worst 
At 2 p, m. breakers were reported ; very soon we were 
among them, and struck a rock. The Frenchmen became 
so demoralized that I ordered the boat launched, into which 

246 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania, 

we all got (twenty-two in number) and readied the shore in 
safety. On liuuling tlic French captain fell upon my neck, 
kissed and thanked me for saving the lires of alh We then 
entered the woods, made a fire, and on returning to the 
boat for provisions, found that it had drifted out to sea. 
The next morning the masts of the Irene only were seen 
above water. . . . On February 5, we reached Louis* 
burg, and were taken before the Governor, who committed 
UB to the common prison. At this time there were eight 
large men-of-war, four frigates, and transports laden \nih 
men and munitions of wan collected in the harbor, for the 
protection of the city against a demonstration it was known 
the English designed to nmke. On the 1st of June General 
Amherst's exf>edition hove in sight. , . . 

"All the English prisoners in the city were ordered on 
board the men-of-war and confined below decks u'der 
guard. One week later the English effected a landing and 
four days thereafter succeeded in dislodging the French 
from their outworks. Cannonading was opened on the 
14th simultaneously between five French vessels and the 
Island battery, and an English man-of-war and the Light- 
house battery* The French vessels were compelled to fall 
back on the 16th under cover of the fort. The ship on board 
of which I wa^, being in range, wtm riddled by three hundred 
shot* One night w^hen I was asleep behind a barrel of flour 
in the hold, a ball came crashing through the hull and 
buried itself in the barrel I On the 16th the English opened 
a general cannonade against the city, wliicli was sustained 
with unremitting lury for two days* Then they opened 
their mortars upon the fleet, pouring int(.i the vessels a fiery 
hail, which soon wrapped three of them in flames. Com* 
pelled to abandon our burning ship (a 64) all hands took to 
the boats, but it was a desperate alternative, as the way of 
escape to the shore was commanded by the English bat- 
teries. On landing, we prisoners were immediately put in 
confinement. Thus another week passed, when on the 26th 
July, the cannonading ceased and news was brought to us 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 247 

that the garrison had capitulated. The next day we were 

The Hopfy the fourth and lagt of the transport veaaels of 
the Church, was built in 1760» at New Haven, Connecticut, 
"was 120 tone burthen, raonnting four cannon, and navigated 
hj thirteen seamen.'* She was registered at the New York 
Custom House, and prohibited from taking out of the Pro- 
vince " any servant, debtor, or any person without a pass- 

Securing a cargo for South Carolina, the Hope left her 
dock on her first voyage, Saturday, January 17^ 1761, the 
day on which Qeorge III was proclaimed king in the Pro* 
vince. Arriving at her destination, she sailed for England, 
February 20, under convoy. Again under convoy, she ar- 
rived at New York, October 19, having on board the fol- 
lowing passengers : 

NathaDiel and Anna Johanna Seidel, 
Frederick and Hedwig Elizabeth toq ^lar^haU, 
Paul and Anna Muenster. 

Singk Men, 
John Arbo, warden , 
John Angerman, tailor, 
John Valentine Beck, gun stock maker, 
John BrandmUIer, baker, 
Christian ChriBtiansen, shoemaker, 
Peter Danielson, hatter, 
Jeremiah Dencke, Chaplain, 
Ferdinand J. Dettmera, 
Ludwig C, Grunewald, carpenter, 
Philip J. Hoeger, tailor, 
Christian Homig, shoemaker, 
Dominicus Krause^ uail-smith^ 
Niels Lund, loGkamith, 
John M. Moahring, farmer, 
Niels Moos, farmer, 
Emanuel Nitachmann, student, 
John F. Oberlin, storekeeper, 
John H. Raucb, locksmith, 
August Schloea^r, saddler, 

248 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

John M. Schmidt, linenweaver, 
David D. Schoenberg, 
John E. Schoepfel, miller, 
A. Paulus Thrane, 
Matthias Tommerup, brazier, 
Frederick Unger, 
David 2iei8berger. 

Single Wow^en. 

Theodora Anders, Elizabeth Kaunhauser, 

Maria Beitel, Mary M. Meyer, 

Elizabeth Broksch, Anna Nitschmann, 

Dorothea Hammer, Anna Seidel, 

Esther Wapler. 

Andrew Langaard (widower), David Wahnert (widower), 
Frederick Peter " Juliana Benedicta von Qammem, 

Anna Maria Philips. 

During the ensuing two years, the Hope was engaged in 
the general freighting business, but on October 21, 1768, 
she landed at New York the following passengers, who 
reached Bethlehem November 4 : 

John Frommelt, Dorothea Lefler, 

Paul Tiersch, Frederica Pietscher, 

Jostina Erd, Elizabeth Seidlitz, 

Susan von Gkrsdorf, A. Salome Steinmann, 

M. Barbara Horn, Maria W. Werwing. 

The first fire en^ne for Bethlehem, purchased in London, 
was brought over on this voyage, and is still preserved in 
that town. With the arrival of the Hope at New York, April 
11, 1765, with the Rev. Frederick Smith and wife as passen- 
gers, her career as a transport vessel of the Church ends. 

At a meeting held in Bethlehem, June 6, 1762, in which 
Bishop A. G. Spangenberg, who for almost twenty years 
was at the head of the American branch of the Moravian 
Church, announced his departure for Europe, he took occa- 
sion to review the Moravian immigration of the past twenty- 
six years, and stated that of the six hundred and more men 
and women, but one died — a remarkable instance of Divine 

Notes and Queries, 



ALLUMMAPREid, OR 8AaBCM>KAN, A Delawake King, whose Dame 
iippeftis frequently in Colonial records, as early as 1718, headed the 
deputation of Indian chieftains at Philadelphia who ligned an absolute 
release to the Proprietaries for the lands situate between the Delaware 
and Suaquehanna RiverB, and from Duck Creek to the mountains south 
side of the Lehigh, which land had been granted by their ancestors to 
William Penn, In 1728 he removed from the Delaware to Shamokin 
(Htinbury, Northumberland County^ occupies the site of the Indian 
town). Conrad We User writes in 1747: *'Tbe Delawnre Indians last 
yeivj [1746] intended to visit Philadelphia, but were prevented by 
Allumapeej^" sickness, who is still alive, but not able to stir. * ♦ » 
Atlumapeea has no successor of his relations, and be will not hear of 
none as long as he is alive, and none of the Indians care to meddle in 
the aflfair. Shikelimy advises that the Government should name Allum- 
mapeoB* successor and set him up by their authority, that at this critical 
time there might be a man to apply to, since Allummapees has lost his 
senses, and is uncapable of doing anything/' 

While David Brainerd was on a visit to Shamokin in September of 
1745, he wrote : ** Visited the Delaware King, who was supposed to be 
at the point of death when I was here in May last.'* '* Allummapees is 
dead/* writes Weisaer to Richard Peters in October of 1747. "Lapap- 
piton i^ allowed to be the Ottest to succeed him, but he declines. Ke is 
afraid he wiJl be envied, and consequently bewitched by some of the 
Indians. Allummapees would have resigned his crown, but as he had 
the keeping of the public treasure (that is t<i say the Council Bagg), con- 
sit^ting of belts of Wampum, for which he buys Liquor, and has been 
drunk for this 2 or $ years almost constantly, it is thought he would not 
die, ao long as there was one single wampum left in the bagg. Lapap- 
piton is an honesty true-hearted man, and has very good natural sense ; 
he is also a sober man, between 40 or 60 years of age, and well esteemed 
among his country people and others.'* 


Road to Phu-adelphia. — 
To THE Honourable the Governor A Council of thk Paov- 


Sussex on Delaware. 

ITte Petiii&n qf gundry InhabitanU of (he BormLgh of Wilmington and 
the County of New QutU. 
Respectfully Sheweth : 

That the Publick Highway from the City of Philadelphia to Chester, 
now in use, leads over no less than fifteen steep and stony Hills of x^tj 


Notes and Queries, 

difficult Afi€ent, and is also crooked and far abrmt, which rendi?r8 it r^ry 
inconvenient to Travellers, hot morij especially to those who travel with 
Carriages of all sorta. 

That a more atraight and Convenient Road, on level Ground^ and eaaj 
to be maintained may be opened from the Road leading into the Streets 
of the said City, through the Townshipe of Moyamenaing and Paaaiunk 
on the North, and Kingweas^ Tinicnm and Ridley on the South Side of 
the River Schuylkill into the present Road, leading from Philadelpkia 
to Chester near Crum Creek, by which the many rough Waya and steep 
Hilla which render Travelling tedious, diaagreeable and dangerous, as 
well as very difficult with CarriageB of Burthen, may be avoided and a 
conaiderable length of Way saved in Distance between Philadelphia and 

That your Petitiouen having frequent Occasions to travel fjrom their 
reapective Dwellings to the said City in their conatatil ItitercouiBe of 
Trade and Dealings with the Merchants there — ^find the Koad at preeent 
in use very incommodioug and in mine Seasons Dangerous, request that 
the Governor and Council will he pleased to make such Orders as to 
them shall eeem meet for the Viewing, laying out and Opening the said 
Road in such manner aa shall most effectually conduce to the Public 
Benefit and Relief of vour Petitionere, — 

John Baird, 
John Yarnall, 
Simon Johnson, 
Ziba Ferris, 
Jo* West, 
Jas. M^Collem, 
George Landis, 
Vincent Gilpin » 
Griffith Minshall, 
Richard Dickinson, 
John Andrews^ 
Joseph Coleman, 
W* Woodcock, 
W* Afthbumham, 
Thomaa Duff, 
Job Harvey, 
Gab' Springer, 
J no, Armstrong Juu', 
Daniel Byrnes, 
Jon* Rum ford Jun^ 
Caleb Perkins, 
Jonathan Rumford, 

David Niel^n, 
John Way, 
Samuel Barker, 

W» Shipley, 
John Perry, 
William Marshall, 
Joseph Shrtllcrrtas, 
Nicholas Robinfton, 
William Hemphill, 
Joseph Tatnall, 
Josh, Littler, 
Thomas Becson, 
Tho- Grifting, 
John Bishop, 
Jno. M^Kinly, 
James Lea, 
Jno. Lea, 
Benj Canby, 
Joehua North, 
J am en Robinson, 
David Ferris, 
Vincent BonaalL 

Secoki) and Market Stbrets Friends' Meetoio House, or, as it 
is'frequently designated in bills, '*Ye Great Meeting House," — 

*' TheFrienda appointed to build the New* Meeting House, laid the Ac- 
counta of that building, as far as th^y have settled them^ before this Meet- 
ings and Samuel Sansom, Israel Pemberton, Thomas Clifford, William 
Lightfoot, Joeeph Morris, Owen Jones, & John Pemberton are desired to 
Examine them, & consider of some Method to pay the Bal lance and 
report to next Meeting.'* A few of the names of those who assisted in 
the erection of the Meeting Hon!*e have been select^l from the report of 

Nate$ and Queries, 


this Committer. William Rakeatraw was one of those who charged 
£6, 12. 6, for '* pulling down old Meeting House/' Jonathan Zane 
was one of the principal carpenters, one bill footing £92. 18* 11, 
Lumber of various kinds was supplied by Joshua Humphreys, Joseph 
Watkins, William Dilworth, David Roe, and others ; bricks by Joseph 
Lownes, Isaac Roberts, John Coate, Jr.; hardware, John Cresson^ 
Joehua Howell, Isaac Greenleafe, Hugh Roberts. Reuben Haines sup- 
plied 18 barrels of Beer, and Sarah Cromer's bill for Rum and Beer 
amounted to £10. John Crosby supplied a stove ; Isaac Greenleafe, 
a globe lamp ; the chief measurer was Isaac Roberts ; and WOliam 
Topham did part of the painting. Laborers were paid 5 sh. per day ; a 
number of members loaned their servant men» and every peraon who 
did any work on the meeting house made a donation, which was de* 
ducted from their MIIb. 

Letter of David James Dove to Thomas Whartoi^. — 

GKBMAirrowN April 25 1763 

Your paym* of the Bill for Mr. Charley Mifflin will greatly add to 
the many Favours already confer* d on 

Your Moat obliged humble S* 
F. a D. JAii. Dove. 

The Bearer is Billy Hugg & lives w** me. 

Diploma of tbe Youkg Ladies' Academy of Philadelphia,— 
The Thutees of the Young Ladies' Academy of Philadelphia^ having 
carefully examined Miss Molly Wallace in Spelling, Reading, Writing, 
English-Qrammar, Arithmetic, and (Geography, Da hereby tnake Known^ 
That she is well acquainted with those Branches of Literature ; and at 
a public Commencement hath been admitted to the Highest Honora of 
the Institution, Desirous therefore of perpetuating the Testimony of 
her Merit, they have, in Conformity to the Charter and Rules of the 
said Academy, caused the Seal of their Corporation to be annexed to 
this Diploma, and the same to be witnessed Iby the Names of the proper 
Officera. Conferred this twentieth Day of Jime in the Year of our 
Lord, One Thonsand, Seven Hundred and Ninty two, 

Jakes Sproat D,D. President, 

Sam. Magaw D.D. Vice President 

Benjamin Say F,C.P,P, Secretary 


John Poor A.M | Principal and a Trustee 
I of the Academy. 

LmTER OF Oeorgb Morgan to Thomas Wharton, 

The Bearer Doctor M°Mehan is a Gentleman of considerable Interest 
& was connected with Numbers in his neighborhood in sending Parson 
Davis to view the Ohio Lands. Some of his Relations have already 

252 Notes and Queries. 

removed to & are settled on the Banks of the Ohio & a number of them 
were preparing to go there the ensuing Season, but it seems that Col. 
Washington's Friends are busy in spreading the Report of his extensive 
Surveys in that Country by an order from Virginia, which has much 
discouraged Mr M'Mehan. You will therefore much oblige him by 
giving him any Information on that Head which you may think your- 
self at Liberty to mention. 

It seems b^ond a Doubt that Col. Washington is determined to ad- 
here to his Claims. 

I am Sir 
Yr most Ob* Servant 
Qeo. Morgan. 

Bill fob Turtle Dinners, 1764. — 
Thomas Wharton 

To Elizabeth Gray Dr. 
To Expenses at Two Tortle Dinners . 28 . H 

Reed for my mother Nov. 27, 1764. 

W» Gray. 

Appraisment of a Neoro Slave, 1762.— 
We whose Names are underwritten at y* Request of William Shute & 
Rebecca Steel have Vallued and Appraised a certain Negro Man Ben 
formerly belonging to ye s' Shute but now to s^ Steel and are of opinion 
that t^e s^ Negro is worth fifty pounds Current money of Pensylvania. 
Witness our hand this 28th July 1752. Stand^" fTorde 

S. Jones 
Cha' Stow Ja' 
Samuel Cheesman. 
Endorsed on the back is the following : ' ' Note — ^these Bill Sale were 
only Intended to keep the Negroes out of other persons hands, A, the 
Money Pdd by Reb* Steel tho she did not get the Negroes — so the sums 
are charged." 

Indian War Bills of 1766. — 

The Province of Pennsylvania 
Dr. to georg Ernst Bucker for Backing 24 ovenfulls of Bread for the 
soulders in Capt Einsleys Company at 8 shillings for each oven full is 

£8 . 12 . 
Cap tin Insley had John frickers House for a Garde House for his Com- 

peny for six months therefore I charge £4=0 = 

the Have done one pounds of dammig 1=0 = 

Remains due to me of the above acount 6 = 18 = 8 

Samuel Miles a silver Hilted Sword sent by Barny Hughes, October y* 
26th 1766 price £6 : 17 = 4 

Wayne Statue at Valley Forge. — ^The members of ^he State 
Commission under whose supervision the equestrian statue of Miyor 
General Anthony Wayne, by H. K. Bush-Brown, was erected in Valley 
Forge Park, were Col. John P. Nicholson, Richard McCall Cadwidader, 
Esq., of Philadelphia, and John Armstrong Herman, Esq., of Harris- 
burg, Penna. 

Notes and Queries. 


Copy of Bill for Am£ricax China» 1771. — For account of the 
factory at which white ware was made, in Southwark, Philadelphia, tee 
" Potter)' and Porcelain of the United States/' by Edwin A. Barber. 

Mr THoifAd Wharton 

Phila'p May the 10* 177L 

March the 19. 

March tbe 80. 
May the 9. 

Bought of Anh' M^Elroy, American China 

One Dozen of handled Cupa Ac 
Two Shugar Dishes ® 6 

Two Cream Ewers 5 

Two teapota 7/6 

One Do @ 6 

Foure Bowls ® 2/6 

To three pounds of tea @£1.7. 
One Shugar diah 
One piclcle stand 
one fruit Basket 

1*3 plates @ 1. 

One Sett of Quitted Cups Ac 
One pair Sauce Boats 
One Sett of plain Cups 
One small Sauce boat 
Six pint Bowls 


£ 11. 16 

Copy of Warrant of Ellis Jovbs, 1684.— 
By CoyiiiB8ioirBRs Im powered to Grakt Lottb akd Lakdb in 


**At the Request of EUia Jones that we would Grant him to take up Two 
hundred and fifty Acres at Rent in the County of Cbefiter These are in 
the Proprietary's Name to Will and Require thee forthw** to Survey 
or Caused to be Survey'd unto him the said number of acres io the 
aforementioned County where not already taken up he Seating and 
Improving the same within six months from the Date of Survey and 
make returns thereof into the Secretarjr's Otfice. 
Given at Philadelphia the 11''^ 9 mo 1684. 

James Claypoole, 
For Tho, Holme Survey' Genl Robert Turner.'* 

BiRLE Beoords of Col. William Edmonds, of Fauquier Co., 
Viroinia.— The following was copied from the family Bible of Colonel 
William Edmonds of Fauquier County, Virglaia, many of whose 
descendants reside in Philadelphia and vicinity. Colonel Edmonds 
served in the Revolutionary Army ; and was also Captain of a Com* 
pany for Fauquier County, Virginia, in the French and Indian War 
in 1761. He was boni in 1734 and died in 1818. 

The Bible referred to was published at Oxford^ England, in 1768 by 
S. Wright and W. Gill, printers to the University. Emma B. Belt, 

William Edmonds & Elizabeth Blackwell were married ye 17"* day of 
March in ye year of our Lord 1764 (on Saturday) by ye Eevd James 


Notes and Queries, 

Willittm Edmonds Jr. waa born on Fry day yi* 10'** of 11*7 in y« jmet 
of our Lord \im, Ja' Bell, W- Bell, Fmnke Bell ^ Humah Blaekwell 
godfathers k godtnotherB. 

Franke Edmonds was born on Frvdav ve 1** day of AugTist in ye year 
of Onr Lord 1766. Saml. Blackwi-ll/ Ja- Blackwell, Anne Pickett h 
Anne Edmonds, godfathei^ k godm others, 

Sarah Edmonds was born on Sunday ye 4"* day of Oc-r in ye year of 
our Lord 1767. Samb Blackwell A ye Eev* Ja* Craig, godfather and 


Dyed 17*^ Decb' 1828. 

EIia« Edmonds was born on Thursday' ye 10^" of Nov. in ye year of 
oar Lord 17G8, Elias Edmonds Jr* Bennitt Price, Mrt, Billy Edmondi 
A Judith Price, god&thera A godmothers. 

(the above died 1" April 1811) 

Mary Edmonds was born on Thursday ve 17** of April in ye year of 
our Lord 1770. Col. W~ Blactwell, Jo* Fantleroy, Mrs. Elisabeth 

Blackwell & Judith txlmomls, godfathers A godmothers. 
(Died June 1837) 

Elizabeth Edmonds waa born on Sunday ye 2^* of June in ye year 
of our Lord 177L Francis Attswell, Tho' Keith, Judith Hubbard A 
Betty Edmonds^ god fa there A godmothers. 

D>edye IS"' of April 1778. 

Betty Edmonds was liorn on Saturday ye 20'^ of February in ye yeRr 
of our Lord 1773. Hancock Lee, Joseph Blackwell, Elizabeth Hewitt, 
Suaauufth Yates, godfathers A godmothers. 

John Etlmonds was born on Tuesday ye 6^ of June in ye year of our 
Lord 1775. John Blackwell, son of Joseph, Geo. Pickett, Miss Betty 

Edmonds A Frankey Edmonds, godfathers A godmothers. 

Lucy Edmonds was bom on Monday ye 10*** day of May in ye year 
1777, John Barker god&ther A Eli?,'*', her mother, godmother. 

Jamea E^inionds was born on Tuesday ye 16^ of February, ye year of 
our Lord 1771*. W* Ed, A Eiia**, father A mother to the above, god- 
father A godmother. 

Died March 1845, 

Catey Edmonds was bom on Tuesday ye 20*^ Feb^ in ye year of our 
Lord 178L W» Edmonds J^ godfather, Nancy Taylor A Elii*^ Taylor, 

Judith Edmonds was bom on Sunday ye 28*** Dec' in ye year of our 
Lord 1783. Robert Green, godfather A [unde* ipherable.] 

Susannah Eliza Green was born January %^ 1789. 
Bobert Green was bom February 23^ 1790. 

The above were the two oldest grandchihlren of W* Edmonds^ whoaa 
oldest daughter, Frankey, married her cousin, R, Green. [Note made 
by grandson Gust B. B. Homer, Surg. U.8.N., Feb^ 27, 1848.] 

Notes and Queries, 


Namea of servante of W" Kdmotids, of Fauquier Co,, Vh. 

Manuel Dick Hannuh 

James Anthony Mvma 

Dan^ Franke Dinah 

HajTv Cati Agga 

Toney Jane Grace 

Sam Willey Will- Ben 

Ben * PhilJia Abrain. 

Phill Fanny 

George S\fiTH, of Evison Township, We^^^t Jersey, ftirnier, 
conveys to John Sanders of Philadelphia, bricklayer, April 3. 1(594, 
a dwelling house Hiid lot 16 x 250 feet, bound on south by Howell Orif- 
fite lot ; north by Griffith Jones land ; westward by Delaware Front 
Street, and eastward with the Delaware River ; part of a certain greater 
parcel of land beloDging to Griffith Jonee, purchaserl by said George 
Smith of William Davis, 6. 10. 1693, and granted to William Davis by 
Griffith Jones, 3. IL 1691, and patented by said Jones, 3. L liJ89. 

Pension Application of Michael Fackenthal, of Bucks 
County, Penna.^ — The following application for a pension by a sol- 
dier of the Revolution contains records that are worthy of preBervatiOD. 

On the 26th day of October, A. D. 1832» personally appeared before 
me, William Long, one of the Aaeociate Judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas for the said county of Bucks, Michael Fackenthal, Esq., a real* 
dent of Durham township, Bucks county, Pa., and who says he was 
bom in the year 1 756, the 23d day of May, to the best of his informa- 
tion from the records of the church book in Springfield township in 
said county. In the year 1776 he enlisted iu Captain Valentine Opp*8 
company in the said township of Springfield, was appointed Sergent of 
said company. It was one of the four companies from Bucks county 
that formetl a regiment with four companies from Northampton county 
of the Flying Camp. Joeeph Hart from said county of Bucks was 
appointed firet Colonel, and Peter Kichline, from Northampton county, 
second Colonel. Colonel Kichline with the four companies from North- 
ampton county were in the engagement on Long Island, August 27, 
1776, and was made prisoner with a number of his men. Colonel Hart 
was stationed at Amboy and the company I was with. Shortly after 
this Colonel Hart lell the service, and we were put under the command 
of Colonel McAlister, from the county of York, Pa. On the night of 
the 16th of November, 1776, we went over to Staten Island^ and the 
next morning attacked the British and Hessians at a place they then 
called Cockletown (now called RicbmondV We took several of the 
Hessians prisoners. About the last of October (same year) Colonel 
Kichline's men that remained, joined ua and Colonel Baxter was 
appointed to command us. Shortly after this one regiment was ordered 
to march to the North Eiver, and crossed said river at Fort Washington 
(commanded by Col, Magaw) where on the 16th of November^ 1776, 
Col. Baxter was killed, and most of his men taken prisoners, or lo:$t 
their lives. Before the engagement, I was taken eick with camp fever, 
and received a certificate from Doctor [Joseph] Fenton (our surgeon) of 
my not being fit for duty. I obtained a pass signed by the adjutant by 


Notes atid Queries. 

the order of Major Kerii^ who waj^ then commanding officer. I did ma 

get my health rcsNired for n considerEble time afkT the time of my 
enlittmpiil wwa expired. F Rot my diBuh&rge (which is lo«t) and received 
six montha pay* 

'* In the year 1781, I performed a tour of dnty ae second lieutenant 
of the militia in Capt. Christopher Wagner* » rompany^ marched from 
said t^jWHsbip of Hprintfru'ld to Trenton, New Jeraey^ under command of 
Colonel MrR«y [Mcfhay]. Governor Heed was Commander in Chief, 
anrl General Lac*ey Brigadier General. We laid in camp below Trenton 
until discharged. Received my pay for two montha. My commiesion 
for Lieutenant is logt. 

(Bigned) Michakl FACKKBrrHAL. * 

JBooli llottcca. 


TOWCAL SocrETY, Vol 1. 8to. pp. xxxviii, 585, Illuitrmted. 

Price $2.00. 
The Bucks County Historical Soeiety was founded by Gen. W. W. 
H, l>nvi8 in January of 1880, but notwithstanding it has been active in 
tleveloping the history of the couoly, its transactions were only giren to 
the public through the medium of the load uewspaj>ers. Now, through 
the iiberaJity of Mr, B, F. Fackenthal, Jr,, the papen* read have been 
collected, corrected, arranged and published in the present volume and 
lib*'rHily illustrated. Among the t onlributors of historical papers are 
tlie well-known antit^uarians Gen. W. W, H, Davin, W. J, Buck, Hon* 
Henry Chapman, Howard M. Jenkins, Charlej^ Laubach, H. C. 3Iercer» 
liev. b. K. Turuer, Henr>^ I*. Paxpon, Alfre«l Pat^chall, C^apt. J, S. 
Bui ley, and otber?^. The Society has an attractive building with a library 
of 2500 volumes, a Herbarium of 20,000 specimens, and a fine archiijo- 
logicnl collection. It has also marked historical sit^ with uppropriate 
memorials. The book in well printed ami neatly bound « and can l>e had 
by applying to thf LibrHrian, l>oyleatawn, Pa, 

*• L'EvoLrrrroN de L'Arbitraoe International/* par Tiioaia8 


TIONAL KT i»E LEai8LATiON CoMPARKE,** Philadelphia; Allen, 
Uneand Scott, 1907. 8vo. pp. 122. 
ThiH work orij^'inally appeared during the Bummer of 1908 in the 
iifvu4 de Droit Fntenuiiiomd d dr L^ffMt/ion Qrmpar*:*'. Publwhed 
at Brussels, this review was started in 1809 by a trio of notable 
international jurists, RoUiD-Jticquemyns, Asser, and Westlakc, the two 
latter of whom are still active rontributors Ui the develoi)ment of the 
science started by Gentilis and Grotius; the Rtvur occu[>iee a leading 
place in the literature relating to the LawB of Nations. After a dis- 
cussion of the causes of war and the possible development of a sanction 
behind international peace^ this book givea an account of the gradual 
growth of Inteniational Arbitration from an idea at the time of the 
Thirty Years* War to an actually used custom in the present century. 
The great part of the United States in this beneficent gift to civilization 
is shown, including the eontributiom of Pennsylvania, The hook is 
dedicsited to Emeric Cruce, a notable irenist. 







Ko. S 


[The Muhlenberg Orderly Book of the Ferdinaml J, Dreer Collection, 
of the Manu»cri[)t Department, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, its 
divided into two parts, the first, beginning at " College Ca in pVa*/' and 
ending at Suflblk, April 15, 1776 ; and the latter at Camp Middlebrook, 
N. J., March 26, and closing at Valley Forge, December 20, 1777. 
r It ia thb latter part, which is aseociftted with the movements of the 

my in New Jer^y and PennBylvaniaf under the immediate command 
of Washington, that has been selected for publication. 

John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, a eon of the eminent Lutheran 
divine Rer. H, M. Muhlenbei^, wai» born at the Trappe, Penna,, 
October 1, 1746, and died near Philadelphia^ October 1, 1807. He 
{Studied for the mioistry in Germany and Pennsylvania, and at the out- 
break of the Revolution was in charge of a congregation at Woodstock. 
Va. His ardent patriotism and military spirit induced him to accept 
tlie commissiion of Colonel of a Virginia regiment of infantry ; he was pro- 
moted Brigadier General February 21, 1777, and mustered out of service 
a Brevet Major Geneml, November 3, 1788, He participated in the 
battles of Brandy wine, Gcrmantown, Monmouth, Stony Point, and York- 
town. At Oermantown his brigade, attached to the left wing of the 
army under Greene, was distinguished for its bravery, and when it 
went into winter quarters at Valley Forge was composed of the First, 
Fifth and Ninth (consolidated), Thirteenth Virginia Line, the Virginia 
Slat^ Regiment, and the German Regiment. Muhlenberg after the war 
was a member of the Fir^t, Second, and Third Congresses, U. S. Senator, 
and Supervisor of Revenue and Collector of the Port of Pfailadelphii.] 
VOL. XXXIII. — 17 (257) 

258 Oeneml Mtthlenherg's Orderly Booh, J777- 

G. O. 

Head Quarters May 26* 1777. 

Parole^ Gates Countersign Stuart & WilldnBon. 

Major Ryan is appoiated to act as Deputy Adjutatit Gen' 
k is to be oby'd & respected m such untill hie Excellency > 
the Adj' Gen* ar his Deputy arrives in camp & gives counter 

Each Brigadier or the Command* Officer of Brigades are 
requested at eleven O'clock in the morning to send a 
Brigade Major to Major Kyutrs Quarters near the Gap at 
the Mountain; The Deputy Adj' Gen' will deliver out the 
details which are to be sent at the time k place accordingly. 
The returns ordered yesterday to be delivered in to the 
Adj* Gen* as soon as possible. The Brigade Majors are to 
deliver to morrow to the Adj* Gen* at 11 o'clock the names 
of the Brigad' Gen* the field Officers k Ailjutants in the 
Brigade to wliich they respectively belong. If any of 
the Brig" are without Brigade Majors they must appoint 
some person to do that duty. Such Brigades as the Brigad' 
are absent from the eldest Officer in the Brigade to give 
the necessary orders in that Brigade, The Brig" or Com- 
manding Officers of the Brigade are to appoint Brigade 
parades. The troops for guard are to be assembled on the 
Brigade parades by Adj*" & by the Brigade Majors march 'd 
from thence to the grand parade half past 8 o'clock. The 
Gen* expects all orders will be punctually <ibey*d. The 
good of the service k the safety of the Cainj) depending 
thereon. All Off" of whatever Kank are requested to 
govern themselves accordingly, A gen* Ott** two field Offi- 
cers & one Brigade M^or of the day to mount every 
morning at Guard mounting at the Grand parade. After 
the Guards are sent oft" the Brigade Major of the day to 
attend at Head Quarters to deliver such orders as the Occur- 
ences of the day may render necessary. Each Brigade 
Major of the day to appoint an Adjutant of the day for the 
Brigade. Every Brigade to furnish two orderly Serjeants 
one to attend at h'* Quarters and one at the Adj* Genl* Tent^ 

Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 259 

Brigade Gen* for the day tomorrow Mughknburg 
F^ Off'' for the day Lieu* Col'' Hoobley & Maj' Hay 
Brigade Major Peers. 
B. O. Adj** of Reg*" to attend at Gen* Mughlenburg's Quar- 
ters at 12 oVloek t^ receive orders. Lieut Math'' Smith ie 
appointed to act as Brigade Major till ftirther orders. The 
troops to parade in the rere of y* 1** Virg* Reg'. 

G, 0. Camp Middlebrook May 27^** 1777 

Major Gen* Lincoln is requested in company with the 
Gen^ Officer of the day, to examine the state ^ situation of 
the Picquet Guards to fix upon the proper ground to post 
them, iSc edtabtish aach others as may be necessary for the 
further security of the Camp and fix their possition by day 
and night. The Officer of every guard must send a 8erj* 
on the grand parade to pilot the new guard for the relief of 
the old one, written instructions must be given by the Gen' 
Officer of the day to the Officer of every guard what line of 
Conduct they are to observe. The field OftV of the day are 
to see to the posting the Gentries k directing the Patrol es, 
which are not to be altered by the Officer Commanding the 
Picquest unless the enemy are advancing without first 
reporting it to the commanding Officer or field Officer of 
the daj^ with the reasons for the alterations & obtaining 
One of their consents for the same. Officers of particular 
guards making alterations without paying attention to tlie 
other guards often breaks in upon the chain of coramuni- 
cation k is productive of great confusion and disorder. 
The Gen* k field Officers of the day are requested to dine 
with the General. The Gentries are not to be posted single, 
especially in the night, but placed double. 

N. Green M. G, 

G. O. Middlebrook H. Q. May 28^ 1777. 

The Commanding Officers of every Reg* must examine 
the state of the Ammunition in the respective Reg** k make 
a return to the D^ A^j' G^ of the numbers of cartridges 

260 Oeneral Muhleiiberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

wanting to complete every man with twenty four rounds. 
The D^ Adj' Gen* will give an order for the same on Mr 
Geo. Everson D^ Commissary of Ordnance stores. This to 
be done immediately that every Reg* may be in readiness 
to march to Action at a moments warning. To give a gen* 
Alarm, the following Signals to be observed, three Cannon 
to be first fir*d quick one after another, in front to Gen 
Waynes brigade in the Gap of the mountain, to be answer'd 
by three at the park of Artillery in the Center of the front 
line, upon which all the troops are to get under Arms as 
soon as possible. It is expected that every Brigade Major 
will be very punctual in bringing their troops to the grand 
parade agreable to the orders of the twenty sixth ins* for 
guard mounting that one part of the guards may not be 
detain'd for the neglect of others. 

Brigadier for the day tomorrow Gen* Weedon 
F* OflT" for guard Colo. Spotswood & Maj' Buford 
Brigade Major Kirkpatrick. 

Brigade Orders. 

The Adj" of the different Reg** belonging to the Brigade 
are to make a return to the Brigade Mjyor every Friday 
morning before eight o'clock of the strength of their Reg** 
in which returns a particular Ace* is to be given of the 
absentees naming the Hospitals in which the sick are lodg'd 
and what services those returned on comm^ are engag'd in. 
The command* Officers of Reg** or Corps are to see that 
their pay rolls are made up & deposited at the end of every 
month in the hands of the pay master Gen* in doing this 
the Resolves of Congress pointing out the mode of doing it 
must be strictly adher'd to. As nothing is more conducive 
to the health of the troops than cleanliness the Officers in 
general belonging to the brigade are requested to pay 
the strictest attention to the conduct of their men & see that 
not only the Camp is kept clean, but that the Soldiers 
appear on the parade as clean as circumstances will admit 
of, with their Arms & Accoutrements in the best order. 

Oeneral Muhlenberg' b Orderly Book, 1777. 261 

The whole brigade, when Qot otherways employ'd, is to 
parade every noon at four O'clock on the parade appointed 
for the brigade that they may be taught the Afaneuvres 
rei^uisite; No officer that is able & not on duty will be 
excua'd from attending. The Adj** will do this duty by 
rotation & in order that the soldiers may not eti*aggle about 
& perhaps l3e absent when wanted the Rolls are to be called 
regular morning & evening S: the Absentees reported Qen^ 
Mnghlenburg makes no doubt these Orders will be strictly 
& punctually observed. The necessity of it will appear 
evident to every intelligent Officer. 

To Brigad'^ Gen* Muhlenbcro. 

You are to enquire minutely into the state & condition 
of your Brigade k order every Officer & Soldier belonging 
to it, not usefully employed in recruiting or in the execution 
of any command by proper Authority or sick in the IIob- 
pitals, to join their respective Corps immediately, & see that 
it is done. 

Make strict enquiry what measures the commanding 
Officer of each Reg* your Brigade is taking to compleat it 
to the establishment, & see that no means are left unessayed 
to accomplish this desirable end. Let none but trusty it- 
diligent Officers be sent upon this business such as have a 
torn to this service, & you have good hopes will not mis- 
apply their time, or the money committed to their charge. 

Every Atonday you are to render to the Adj' Gen' a 
correct return of your brigade, at the foot of which a partic- 
ular Account is to be given of the Absentees, naming the 
Hospitals in which the sick are Iwlg'd, & what services 
those return 'd on command are engag'd in. Mention is 
also to be made of the kiird, wounded, & missing, if any 
there be, after every Action or skirmish with the enemy. 
As also of any other remarkable Occurrence which may 
need explanation. 

Compare always the last return made you with the 

302 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

precieJing one & see that they correspond, or the Alteratiana 
8atiafu<^tonly accounted for, that no error or ahuso may 
eecapo nnnoticed uncorrected & uiipnnisheil if the niit^takes 
are wUfuL 

DesertiouB havuig been very freqnent of late, endeavour to 
discover the causes of theni, that a remedy may be applied. 
One step towards preventing which, h^ to have the Rolls 
regularly called morning & evening and the absentees 
Batiflfactorily accounted for, or immediately sought after with 
vigilance & care. 

No furloughs to l*e given either to Olficers or men except 
in cases of extreme necessity. 

See, that the Officers pay great attention to the condition 
of the Soldiers, arms, ammunition k accoutrementj^, as also 
to the manner of cooking their Victuals, and as far as in 
your power lies, cause the rneti to appear neat, clean, Sl 
Boldier-like, not only for the sake of appearances, hut for the 
benefit of their health. 

Improve all the leisure time your Brigade may have from 
other duties in nianouvring & teaching the men the use of 
their legs, which is of infinitely more importance than 
learning the manual exercise. Cause the OfP" to attend 
regularly k perform their part of tliese duties with the men. 

You are not to accept tlie resignatioii of any ConimissionM 
Officer, but upon a vacancy happening in any Reg* in your 
Brigade, you may consult the Field Officers tliereof, k 
recommend to the Commander in chief, a fit person to 
supply the deficiency, *till a Commission however is bestowM 
or approbation given in gen' orders such person is not to he 
included in the Returns or Pay rolls. 

You are to cause the pay Rolls of every Reg* in your 
Brigade to be made uj) and deposited at the end of every 
month in the hands of the pay master General. In doing 
this, strict iittention is to be paid to the Resolves of Congress 
for the manner of doing it. 

The Experience of last Campaign abundantlj' evinc'd the 
al>surdity of heavy baggage, k the disadvantages resulting 

Oeneral Muhlenberg's Orderly Bookj 1777* 263 

therefrom to Individuals and the Public, prevent therefore 
ae much as possible all incumbrances of this kind, and do 
not upon a march suffer the Soldiers to throw their arras or 
Packs into Waggons^ unless they are either sick or lame. 

Let Vice & immorality of every kind be discouraged, as 
much as possible in your brigade. And as a Chaplain is 
allowed to each Reg* see that the men regularly attend divine 
Worship. Gaming of every kind is expressly forbid, as the 
foundation of evil and the cause of many a brave & gallant 
Officer's ruin. Games of Exercise for amusem^ may not 
only be permitted but encouraged. 

These instructions you will consider as obligatory, unless 
they should interfere with General orders, which you 
must endeavour to have executed in your brigade with 

Given at Head Quarters in Norristown 
this 26*** day of May Anno Domini 1777. 

G"* Washington. 

{Grctdar) Head Quarters May 29*** 1777 

Bngad' for tomorrow Gen' Conway 
Field Officers Col* Wood, Lieut. Col" Barber 
Brigade Major Smith 
Q.O. The Commander in chief directs that all orders 
issued previous to his coming to camp be observed in full 
force tall countermanded or alter'd by him. As it is a 
matter of great importance to have the ctamp well secured, 
Guards properly fixed their respective duties precisely 
pointed out and proper Regulation establish'd to enable 
them to act in concert & support each other Major Gen* 
Green is requested to assemble as soon as possible all the 
other Q^n* Officers & take these matters into consideration 
at large & report their opinion of what they shall think 
necessary to be adopted. A M^or Gen^ of the day to make 
a report of those regulations. The detnclied state of the 
Army has heretofore renderd it extremely difficult to com- 
manicate the orders of the Commander in chief to all the 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

tlifFerent parta & will render it neoesBary that many slionhl 
be repealled. He flatters himself that henceforth the moat 
punctual regard will be paid to all orders which \s the 
good of the service & principle of honour do not produce, 
he IB detennin'd to impose. All firing without permission 
from the Major (4en^ of the day is strictly forbid, those that 
ar6 guilty of a bre^tch of this order must be secur'd k severely 
punish'd. The nearest guard to the place where the Oftence 
is committed to Bend a file of nien to secure the Offender. 
The Comnmnding Officers of Reg** are to have their pay 
Abstracts immediately made out k lodg*d with the pay 
Ma*<*' Qcn" for nil pay due tj> the first of May. After that 
time they are to pursue the Mode pointed out by Congress to 
obtain payment A: each Brigadier will inform tliem what 
they are & see them properly complied with. The Brigade 
Majoi*s are to attend tlie Adj' Qen^ precisely at twelve 
O'clock every day to receive order«« Two orderly Serj'* to 
be furnished by each Brigade one to attend the commander 
in chief, the other the Adj' Gen* Major Ryan who has done 
the duty of Adj^ Gen' for some days pnseV] is now excus'd 
front Unit service, the duty as usual. 

Q. O. riKAD Quarters May 30* 1777* 

Brigiwlc for tomorrow Qen' Maxwell 
Field Off'* Co^ Morgan & M^jor Davis 
Brigade Major Farling 
The Commiesary Gen* is to adopt every means in his 
power to provide Vinegar for the use of the Army & see 
that the provisions are regularly serv'd. To do which with 
ease, he is to have an AssisUmce with each Brigade. Pro- 
visions are tt> be deliverM to Regimental Quarter Masters 
only or commissionM Officers authorized for that purpose, 
when the Reg* has no Quarter Master, exccftt in case ot 
small detacliments when a non commiasion'd Off' may 
receive tliem ; none to be delivered without proper returns 
being made to the Commissary, The Command' Officers 
of Corps are to take care that their men have two days 

Oeneml Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 265 

provisions bj them that they may not sufter in case of any 
sudden call to any particular duty. The Brigad' to pay 
proper attention to this matter » and also to have the Arms 
of their Brigade examined and make report of kind and 
quality. They are moreover to see that their Brigjides are 
completed with Ammunition a^ soon as possible & that all 
waste of it is prevented. The Qen^ has the pleasure to 
acquaint the Army that Gen' Parsons form*d an expedition 
to the East end of Long Island under the Comm** of Lieut. 
Col' Meges, which was attended with the most happy 
success. After burning eleven Vessels loaded with one 
hundred & twenty Tons of preae'd forage Rum S: other 
Articles and one armed Vessel of twelve guns, they brought 
off ninety prisoners, besides killed several of the enemy, six 
only escaped. As the Army is collected & may soon be 
engaged in important transactions. The Qen' takes Occa- 
sion from the laudable instance he has mentionM, to declare 
to the Army, both Officers & Soldiers, that he will be strictly 
observant of their conduct & make a point of distinguishing 
those by his rewards, who distinguish themselves by their 
Bravery & good behaviour as merit will not pass uunotic'd, 
so misconduct will meet with the severest punishment, A 
Gen* Court Martial to sit immediately for tryal of Prisoners 
brought before it All evidences to attend. The Brigade 
Majors to attend the grand parade Ar bo Answerable that 
their men be well supplied with Ammunition <fc their Arms 
in good condition* No excuse will be admitted for their 
neglect of this necessary piece of duty. The light Cavalry 
which are to attend the picquets aa Videts are to be on the 
parade at guard mounting. 

G, O. Head Quarters May 31*^ 1777 

Brigadier for tomorrow Gen* Scott 
F' Off^ Col" Hendricks, Major Byrd. 
Brigade Major Wetherspoon. 
The principal design of the movement this morning wa.s 
to see if a pro|>er distribution of baggage Waggons had been 

26G Chnem Muhlenhejys Orderly Book, 1777. 

Ttjutle to tlie tjeveral Reg*' k to what degree of alertness & 
Expoditian the Army would he reatly to march on a sudden 
emergency. The Geii^ has much rea^Hun for Approbation in 
many respects, but though there w^as a great exactness in 
fionie instances, he wishes that a greater punctuality had 
been paid more generally to the time. Every Officer of 
Reflection must be sensible of the necessity of a strict regard 
to the time appointed in movements of this kind on which 
the success of the most important events may absolutely 
depend k it will be expected in future that a precise confor- 
mity to the moment pointed out will mark the conduct of 
every Corps. The General earnestly recommenilB that 
Officers of every Rank will disencumber themselves of all 
superfluous baggage^ as it will oidy serve to employ a 
number of waggons more than can be shar'd, consistent 
with the good of the service <fc nmst be lost in the course 
of the Caniimign, 

Nothing is more common than to hear men plead igno- 
rance of Gen* orders in excuse for the breach of tlienj, nor 
is the excuse confinM to privates only, it sometimes even 
ilisgraces the mouths of Officers. To prevent it in future, 
The Gen^ positively orders the command^ Officers of Corjis 
to have Gen' Orders constantly read to their Corps. They 
may rely on being culled to a severe Account, should the 
same plea be made hereat\er suppos'd by truth. 

It is to be lamented that the foolish ifc scandalous practice 
of prophane swearing is so y>rcvalent in the American 
Army. Officers of every Rank are bound to discoumge it 
first by their example & then by punishing. As a means to 
abolish this k every other species of immorality. Brigadiers 
are enjoin'd to take effectual care to have divine service 
duly performed in their respective Brigades. By a return 
from the Quarter M' Gen^ it appears that more than a suffi- 
cient Quantity of tents have been issued to cover the whole 
army. Yet some Corps are iletective in this Article. 
Others must have more than their proportion. The Com- 
mand' in chief repeats the last order from Major Gen* Green 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777, 267 

calling for immediate returns to the Quar*' M^ Gen* of tbe 
exact number of tents drawn hy each Corps. 

The Gen' approves of the following sentencee of the Court 
Mars" held at Bound brook 21'* Ins* whereof Col" Spots- 
wood was president. Tho' Edwards of the 7*** Virg* Reg* 
trj'd for sleeping on his post sentenced to receive 50 lashes. 
Wm. Foes of Col* Angel's Batt" for desertion to receive 100 
lashes. Evan Thomas of the 9''' PensjlV Reg' for D*^ tu 
receive twenty five lashes. Evan Apply of the 4*^ P' Reg* 
for sleeping on his post to receive twenty-five lashes. On 
ace* of his being a young Soldier & of a good Character his 
punishment is remitted, Jos^ Bryan of the 2*^ V" Reg* for 
D' to receive 50 lashes. Denis Meyers of the 3"* Pensylv* 
Reg' for degertion k threatiiing to desert to receive one 
hundred lashes. John Town, Maj' Offendorts Corps for 
desertion to be reprimanded. Edw** Baker of D* for D" 
to be acquitted. Tho* Murphy of 10**" Pennsylv* for D' to 
receive 100 lashes. James M'Kenzie of 10'*' Pennsyl'* 
to receive 100 lashes. W*" Hardy of the German Reg* 
for deserting and enlisting in two different Reg** to be 
reprimanded by his Commander, Jefferies Connor of 
the 5*^ Pennsylv' Reg* for desertion to receive 25 lashes. 
Rob* Story of 7'** Maryl** for D" to be reprimanded. Alex' 
Henderson of y* 10*^ Pennsylv Reg* for D* to receive 20 
lashes. Peter Smith of the 7* MaryP Reg' for Qui ting his 
post to be reprimanded. Mehol' Haniber of y** 8*** PensylV 
R. for desertion, acquitted. Those sentenced to be immedi- 
ately executed. Except the instances in which the punish- 
ment is remitted. 

A. O. The Brigades on the right & left, front & rere of 
the Camp are to establish small guards of one Subaltern, 
one Corp' & 8 Privates in all the passes leading to the Camp 
in order to prevent Soldiers from strag. and the Countrj* 
people from coming into Camp. Ko Country person to 
come into Camp except by permission of the nearest Briga- 
dier or field Officer. All persons in Camp who cannot 

268 Oeneral Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

give a satiBfactory Account of themselves to be confiii'd and 
reported to the nearest Brigadier. These Ouards to be 
relieved by the Brigade M^jjors daily. 

Brigade Orders. 

The Acyutants of the different Reg" are this evening to 
make a return to the Q' M' Qen' of the number of tents 
belonging or drawn for each Reg* Those that have already 
done it, may nevertheless examine & give in the Returns 
anew. The Command* Oft*" of Reg* will see that G. O. are 
read to the men every evening on the parade, that no one 
may plead ignorance. No Officer not on duty & able to 
attend must be absent. The whole Brigade to parade on 
Monday morning precisely at four o'clock at the usual place, 
leaving a small guard at their Baggage. 

O. O. Head Quarters Middlebrook Camp 

June 1'* 1777 
Brigadier for the day tomorrow Gen' Maxwell 
Field Off" CoP Matthews V Col^ Butler 
Brigade Migor Harper. 
The Gen' directs the following Rules to be observed 
invariably throughout the Army & as he is apprehensive 
that they will meet with great Obstacles in the Carelessness 
and indolence of some Officers, he thinks it is necessary to 
declare, that he will not overlook any neglect or breach of 
them that shall come to his knowledge. Each Reg* to be 
paraded at troop & at retreat beating, the Rolls arc carefully 
to be called and absentees punished. All Officers not on 
their duty to attend the parade to see that their men are 
clean and decent, their Arms and Accoutrements in the 
best order, their Ammunition complete, that they behave 
well in their Ranks, are silent, steady & orderly. Once a 
day, at such time as the Brigadiers shall judge most con- 
venient, each Corps to be exercised in the manual & evolu- 
tions, and once a week at least, each Brigade to be 
exercised collectively under the direction of its Brigadier. 

General MxMenlergs Orderly Book, 177i. 269 

The most essential part of rtiscipliiie being aiarcliing k 
forming. Thi8 should be more particularly practiced. All 
ofBcera not on another daty to be present on these Oeea- 
gjoiifl not m unconcerned Spectators, but to learn & perform 
their own duty Jc see that their men do theirs. The field 
Officers to exercise their Reg* themselves <S! in their absence 
the Captains A: not leave it to Adj** as has been heretofore 
the Case. It is necessary the men should l>e Accustomed 
to the Voice and command of those who are to direct them 
in Action & that those should by practice acquire a facility 
in doing their parts. The Gen* ohserv^es with concern tljat 
both Officers <V Soldiers are guilty of the iinsoldierly practice 
of stragling from Camp, he forbids the continuance of it on 
any pretence whatever* Wlioever shall be found a mile 
from Camp, unless on duty or with permission of the briga- 
dier command^ liim whether Officer or Soldier shall be tried 
for disobedience of orders. As there is a necessity for the 
Army to rise and turn out every morning at Revellie 
beating J they ought to go to rest early* All lights must be 
put out at 9 o'clock in the even' & every man to liis tent. 
The Provost Martial to patrole the Camp & its invirons 
frequently to take up all who cannot give a good Ace* of 
themselves, <fc all disorderly persons, he is to see that the 
Sutlers do not deal out their liquors at an untimely hour, 
but conform to such Rules as have been or may be forra'd 
relating to them. The Command* Officers of every Corps 
is to make a report every morning to his Brigadier of the 
number of Kflemen under his comm** in doing which he is 
to include none but such as are known to be perfectly 
skiird in the use of these guns ic who are known to be Active 
A: orderly in their behaviour. Each Brigadier to make a 
collective return to the Adj* Gen' of these men. 

B. O, The different Reg«* belonging to the brigade to 
parade every morning immediately after beating of the 
Revellie on their own parade, to go through the evolutions, 
except on those days when the Brigade parades. The Adj'* 

270 Qeneral Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

of the 1"* 5*»» & 9^ Virg» Reg*' to make a full leiuni of all 
the men in their Reg** mentioning the Abs* Officers & on 
what Ace* employed, what alterations since last return, how 
many men wanting to complete the Establishment, & the 
number of Vacant Officers & of what Rank. 

G. 0. Head Quarters May 20*^ 1777 

Parole Alexandria Countersign Bedford 

Valentine Peers Esq' is appointed Brigade Miyor to Gen' 
Weedons brigade and is to be respected and obeyed as such. 
Lewis Woodruff Esq' is appointed a deputy Muster Master. 
Colo" & Commanding Officers of Battalions & Corps must 
camp their Regimental Pay masters to make up their pay 
Abstracts to the 8** of April inclusive and order them to 
attend at the Pay Mast' Gen'* office for the money, they 
must be examined & sign'd by their respective command* 
Officers and Brigadiers, who will diligently compare them 
with the daily and weekly Returns & certify them. The 
Comp'^ abstracts must be delivered into the pay Mas*' Gen' 
with regimental Abstracts. That the great & necessary 
purpose of Adjusting the Rank of all Officers in the 
American Army may be aftected with expedition. His 
Excelly. the Command' in chief is pleas'd to order that the 
field Officers of each Continental Battalion do immediately 
examine into the present Rank & hear the pretensions 
thereto of all their Cap* & Subalterns, settle them where 
they can to the satisfaction of all the Gentlemen concerned, 
and make a full & fair report of all their proceedings to the 
Brigadiers command* their brigades & that the Brig*" 
with the assistance of the field Officers in the brigade do 
upon the receipt of such reports proceed to adjust the Rank 
of all the Officers in their respective Brigades, & make a 
full and fair report of all their proceedings to the Major 
Gten' commanding their division, that should there be any 
instance of dissatisfaction in the Officers with the determi- 
nation of their field Officers, they be candidly enumerated 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 271 

by such field Ofl*'* & parties conipkiiiing with all their 
attendant circumstances and reported to their respective 
Brigadiers, who wnll call before them all the parties inter- 
ested, inquire into their claimB k if they cannot be settled 
to general satistaction, make a special «fc particular report to 
their Major Gen', who upon receipt of such report will 
summon a board of Officers, will take a dispassionate com- 
parative review of the wliole & determine the rank in the 
Army ; until] whicli time it is expected the service of the 
Army will not be injurM by disputes about Rank, but that 
every Officer will by an emulous discharge of his duty, 
recommend himself to his Country & to the promotion he 
tldnks he is entitled to. 

GO. Head Quartbhs June 2""* 1777. 

Brigad^ for the day tomorrow Gen* Wayne 
Y^ Oft^ CoP M^Clanaghan <fc Maj^ Harmer 
Brigade Major Ryan 
The Muster Mast' Gen* is without loss of time to cause 
Musters to be made of the w^hole Army, he will give notice 
to the difterent Corps, when to hold themselves respectively 
in readiness for that purpose. The Brigadiers and field 
Officers of the day are constantly to attend the grand parade 
to see that the guards are properly ase^embled, give the 
necessary directions concerning them, k have them marchM 
to their sevei-al posts in order. The Adjutants to collect 
the proportion Assign'd on their Regimental parades, 
inspect carefully the state of their Arms, Accountriments, 
ammunition and dress, k march them oft* in order to their 
brigade parades. The Brigade Major to receive them from 
the Adjutants examining in like manner the state of their 
Arms, &e, & to march them off to the grand parade, there 
deliver them to the Brigade Major of the day. Decency 
and a regard to health, especially in this hot season indis- 
peusibly require that Vaults should be immediately dug in 
the rere of each encampment as the repositories of every 

272 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

kind of filth, they should be cover'd with green boughs k 
fresh earth thereon every morning or two. This business 
to be done by Camp Colour men under the directions of 
Regimental Quarter Miisters, who are to see that they 
execute it properly, sweep the streets of the encampment & 
keep it in all respects clean, & free them from every thing 
nauseous or oftensive. The Quarter Mas*' Gen* will furnish 
tools, he is also to visit the Camp, & report how far this 
order is complied with. Each Reg* or Corps to appoint by 
rotation a Regimental Officer of the day, whose province 
shall be to visit the sick, and see that they are provided 
for & taken care of, making daily Reports to the Com- 
manding Officer of their number & condition, to inspect 
the food of the men, both as to the quality & the manner 
of dressing it, obliging the men to accustom themselves 
more to boiled soups, and less to broiled and roasted, 
which as to their constant diet is destructive to their 
health. This Off' is also to attend closely to the cleanli- 
ness of the camp, for which he will be Answerable and 
is bound to see there is no neglect in the Quarter Master 
or C. C. men. 

Returns of all the sick both in and out of Camp to be 
made out tomorrow morning to the Surgeon Gen' their 
number, Condition, and place where they are to be specified. 
The Command* Officers of Corps not yet provided with 
pay masters to recommend without delay proper persons 
for that station to the General, they must be men of 
property, good Accomptants & methodical & must write a 
good hand. Henry Livingston Esq' is appointed Lieu' in 
his Excelly*" guard. A party of two hundred men to 
parade this evening at the grand parade with four days pro- 
vision to take their orders from the Adj' General. Mcyor 
Morrel to command this party nntill the arrival of Gen' 
Dehes's eldest Officer in his brigade to take the command, 
and John Harper Esq' is to do the duty of brigade major 
in that brigade till further orders. 


General Mvhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 273 
Head Quarters June S^ 1777 

Brigadier for the day tomorrow Gen' Weedon 
Field Officers Col* Chambers A Major Campbell 
Brigade Major Peers. 

As in the detached state of the Artillery the men often 
gaffer for want of Surgeons^ it being impossible for their 
own Regimental Surgeons to take due care of them dis- 
persed aa they are over the whole line. Each Brigadier ia 
to see that the Kegimental Surgeons of Iiis brigade pay 
every necessary attention to the detachment of Artillery 
annex'd thereto. 

Regimental Surgeons are not to send any of their sick to 
Hospital without firet obtaining a Certificate from the Sur- 
geon Gen* or one of his deputies for that purpose. The 
Brigadiem to have the springs Adjacent to their several 
encampments well clear*d and enlarged, hailing Gentries 
over them to see that the water is not injur'd by dirty 
utensils or any other means* A barrel sunk in them will 
be the best means to keep them from being made muddy, 
and an arbour over them will serve to preserve them cooL 
They are also to have all dead Cattle, horsee or other 
Carrion removed to a distance from the Camp and buried 
deep under ground. They will see that the orders to 
promote cleanliness are punctually observ'd and indeed all 
others whether particularly called on or not 

The Commander in chief looks to them with an attentive 
eye for the execution of all his orders which they must be 
sensible their duty & honour demand. No Prisoners whose 
crimes may properly come before a Regiment Court Martial 
to be sent to or reee"* at the Provost guard but to be cimj- 
mitted to Regiment* Quarter Guards and regimentally tried. 
It having been represented to the Gen* that command* 
Officers of Corps umlertake to seize and confine Commis- 
saries at their pleasure in common Guard houses. He 
thinks it necessary to declare a practice so irregular & 
VOL. xxxiii IS 

374 Oeneml Muhknberg^s Orderly Book, 1777. 

injurious caniiot be tolerated. At the same tirae he means 
not to c'ountenance*any neglect of duty in the Commissary^ 
l>ut \v\]\ be ready to attend to whatever comphiinta may be 
justly made against them, to rectity the Abuses they commit 
and pum'sb their delhiquency. No horses to be let loose 
into the wheat or other fields about Camp, unless first 
pointed out and devoted to the purpose by the Quarter 
Master General. Brigad'' to see ordei*8 for the arrangement 
of Officers Rank immediately complied with by appointing 
u day for the field Officers of each Reg* to take it up* The 
Gen* is Hiirprized and sorry to find that a matter ab(»ut 
whicli so much imxiety and embarrasment is expressM, 
when put upon a looting to be adjusted meets with so much 
neglect S: delay. The Gen' Field Otl^" k Brigade Maj<*r8 
of tlie ilay mil be expected to favour his ExcelU with their 
Comj*'' at dinner as a standing rule without particular 

Tlie following sentences of a Court Martial held the 2*'' 
Inst, are approvM by the Commander in chief an<l their 
immediate execution directed, Ab" Wood 4if the 9'** 
Pennsylv* Reg^ tried for desertion & sentencVl to receive 
twenty five InshcB on his bare back. John Welch of the 
7*^ Maryland Reg* charged with desertion, the Court of 
Opinion be is entitled to the benefit of Gen' Wasbingtons 
proclomation ottering pardon for deserters k that he should 
be delivered to Mi\for Busli to do duty in bis reg* untill he 
can be sent to the Reg' he belongs to. Henry Bryan of the 
8**' Pennsylv* Reg* charged with encouraging desertion & 
McntencM to receive lifty lashes on his bare back. Patrick 
Ucnry of the 1** Pennsylv* Reg* charged witlj having 
enlisted into two Reg'* without being dischargVl sentenc*d 
to be reprimanded by the Commanding Officer of the 
Reg* he belongs to k the money he reoed from Cap* Taylor 
of the 5** Pennsyl** Reg* to be stopt out of his pay. Lieut, 
Tlio' Cook of the 8*** Pennsylv' Reg* charg'd with having 
made known the Parole & Countersign to a person not 
entitled to receive it, found guilty of the charge exhibited 

Jeneral Mvhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 275 

against him, but on congideratiou of his good Character 
6eutenc*d only to be reprimanded by the Col* in the Pres- 
ence of the Officers of the Reg' he belongs to. Lieut* 
Jolly of the 11'^ Pensylv* Reg' charged with Cowardice & 
neglect of duty not guilty ^ ordered to be releas'd from his 
Arrest forthwith. 

The Prisoners; mentioned in this day's orders to be 
punigh'd at the head of their respective Reg** for w^hicb 
purpose the comniandiiig OfTficers will send for them to the 
main Guard. 

Gen' Orders. Head Quarters June 4*** 1777 

Brigadier for tomorrow Gen* Conway 
Field Off'' Col" Malmade k North 
Brigade Major Day 
The Commissary Gen* to have hh slaughter houses at 
least a mile in the rere of the Camp S: to be very careful to 
have the Offal of what he kills buried a sufficient depth 
under Ground. He must be provided with Waggons to 
couvey the meat to places near each brigade for the more 
Commodious distribution of it, k must see that no reliques 
are letl in those places through Carelessneis. As proper 
precautions in the regulation of this part of the Commissary 
Gen'* department is essential to the Army, The Gen' 
hopes he will be peculiarly attentive to it. A Return to be 
made tomorrow to the Adj* Gen' of all the Women in Camp. 
The Music of the Army being in general very bad, it is 
expected that the drum and>^fe m^ors exert themselves to 
improve it, or they will XTreduc'd and their extratirdinary 
pay taken from them. Stated hours to be assigned for all 
the drums k tifes to attend them iV: practice. Nothing is 
more agreable and ornamental than good music. Every 
Officer for the credit of his Corps should take care to 
provide it. 

The Reveille to be beat at day-break. The troop at 8 
o'clock in the morning and the Retreat at Sunset, for the 

276 Oeneral Muhleriberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

sake of regularity, the drum of the Reg* on the right of the 
line to give three taps allowing a sufficient equal space 
between each, as a warning for the one next on the left, 
which is to do the same & so on through the whole. The 
second Line taking it by the right from the right in front ic 
the advanced brigades by the right, from the right in the 
rere. These Taps over & a proper interval allowed for the 
warning to become general The drummers call is to be 
given as a signal for what is to follow after & then the 
whole Musick of the line to begin in concert. The Revellie, 
troop or Retreat as^it may happen. The same complaint 
has been made to the Gen* respecting abuse of Quarter 
Mast" which was mentioned in yesterdays orders relative to 
Commissaries. An end must be put to such irregular 
conduct. Misbehaviour in those departments ought to be 
punish'd but it must be done in a proper manner. The 
Army to be immediately furnished with four day's provision. 

Hbad Quarters June 5*^ 1777 
Migor Gen* for the day tomorrow Green 

Brig' Scott 

Field Off" Co? Sayton— Maj' Heath 
Brigade Miy' 
The M^jor Gen* of the day is in some sort to represent 
the Commander in chief, he is to give directions for all 
guards, parties & detachments, to receive all Reports of 
their proceedings & of any Occurrence of importance in 
and out of Camp. All deserters & prisoners, other than for 
common military offences to be brought to him for exami- 
nation, and to be disposs'd of by him. All detachments or 
reinforcements to be reported to him immediately on their 
Arrival & to take his orders, he is to superintend the regu- 
lation of the Camp & the execution of all Gen' orders, for 
which purpose he shall visit the whole line, if not absolutely 
prevented by other duty, and he is to report to the Comm' 
in Chief, what from his Observations he may think necessary 
to be done for the better regulation of the Camp and army. 

Chneral Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, WIT. 277 

He is to oversee the Orders of March and the DUpoeitious 
for Battle according from Directions from the Comm' in 
Chief* In case of sadden Alarms he is instantly to repair 
to the place where the danger appears to be and if it is 
likely to be Berious, he must with all speed send to inform 
the Conim^ in Chief until he hears from him he must 
employ those means which seem to him Necessary Conform- 
able to the Exigency of the Occasion, he is to make a 
Gen' Report next morning to the Comm^ in chief of every 
thing that passes worth Notice on his day- Occarrencies of 
immurgency and that require immediate attention to be 
reported the moment they are known by the Maj- Gen'. 

The Brig' of the day is to be Considered as the Comm* 
Officer of all the Guards, he is to receive orders in the 
morning of the Major Gen' he is to attend the grand Parade 
to see everything conducted with propriety, to assign the 
po^ts and give all necessary ilirections, to Visit thein after 
they arrive and see if they have post right, and have 
followed the Rules proscribed them & taken proper precau- 
tions to secure themselves and avoid surprise and to give 
his orders accordingly on an alarm he is to perform all the 
Esentiiil duties of the Comm* Officers of the Guards, he is 
to make a General report of every relative to him, to the 
Maj* Gen'. The field Officers to attend the Graml Parade 
and assist the Brigadier and follow such directions as he 
shall tliink proper to give respecting the Guards, tliey are 
to visit them at Night by way of Grand rounds Escorted by 
a small party of Ilorse, to see if they are alert and upon 
their watuh, and if the Sentries are well stationed anfl do 
their duty. They are to receive an evening report from the 
officers of the state of their Guards and ot what unusual 
occurencies may have happened and to give direction 
accordingly of everything Extraordinary to be reported to 
the Brig' as soon as the Tour is over or sooner if necessary, 
they are t<3 receive morning reports from the several guards 
when relieved. On an alarm they are to take their orders 
from the Brigadier* The Brig* Major of the day is also to 

278 Gen^nl Muhlenberg's OHerly Booh, 1777* 

attend the parade to receive the men that are to compcMc^ 
the Guards and compare them with the Dctnil to in8pi>ct 
their Arma, Accouiitriinents, Ammunition and Dreee to 
count of the Guards and aaaign the Officers tlieir posts by 
Lot to march them from the Grand Parade and do every 
other requisite duty agreable to the order of the Brigadier. 
lie is to give each Comm* Officer of the Guard the Parole 
and Countersign hefore he marches them Off* and is to 
attend the Brig' frequently through tlie day to receive his 
farthur occasional orders, in case of an alarm he is to accom- 
pany the Brig* — for the future an Aid D Camp from each 
division to attend at Head Quarters for G. Orders, The 
Brigade Muj"* to receive the orders at the Quarters of their 
Maj' Gen* which will be more convcniejit for them as they 
are obliged to attend for Division orders The Brig^ Majors 
to attend the Adj* Gen* once a w^eek or ottner if required 
to settle the detail. 

B;0. This Evening at 6 o'clock the P* S^*' & 9*'* Reg^ are 
to Parade on their Brig^ Parades to discharge thoir Mus- 
quets, the German Reg'' to parade on their Regimental 
parade for the same purpose and at the same time. This 
afternoon the Q' M. of the ditfenmt Reg*' Ijelonging to the 
Brigade at 4 o'clock are to attend at Gen' Muhlenburghs 
Head Quarters to receive their Proportion of Ammunition 
and Catridge Paper, which is to be ntade up into the Blind 
Catridges aB soon m possible. 

Tomorrow afternoon at 3 o'clock the Brigade is to meet 
at the Brigade Parade to pass the review before Maj' Gen^ 
(^reen. Tlie Officers will take care to bring their men on 
the Parade Xeat k Clean with their Arms k Accountriments 
in the best order they will likewise take particular care that 
each of their men are supplied with Catridges and tlie real 
Catridges properly secured that no mistake may liappen. 

(To be oontiaued,) 

Colmel Uuhley's Journal, 1779. 


aj>« hubley. jr., l^ colo. com^ 11™ penna. 
regt, his journal, com^iencing at WYO- 

KWG, JULY 30th, 1779. 


(CoDtintied from page 146.) 

Saturday Auffust l^!^. 

This morning 10 o'Clock a.m. had the Bodies of those 
brave veterans, who eo nobly distinguished themselves and 
bravely fell in the Action of yesterday, interred with Mil- 
itary honours (firing excepted) Parson Rogers, delivered a 
Bmall discourse on this occasion. 

Was imploy'd greatest part of tlie day in Writing 
letters to my friends at Lan" k Philad* w*' w ere forwarded 
the same Evening. 

Sunday IS^. 

Agreeable to orders of Yesterday 900 Men, were order'd 
to meet on the grand parade, for inspection and to be far- 
nii-tbM w** Ammunition & eight days Provission for the 
purpose of marching up Susquehannah & meeting Genl. 
Clinton^ who \» now on his March, to form a junction with 
this Army, 

Two o'clock P.M. a firing was heard on the West side 
of Tioga branch, immediately opposite our Encampment, a 
number of Indians under cover of a high Mountain advanced 
on a large Meadow^ or flat of ground, on which our Cattle 
& horses were Grazing, unfortunately two men were there 
to fetch some horses, one of which was kilFd & scalp'd, the 
other slightly wounded but got cle^r; one Bullock w*as 
likewise kilFd, and several public horses taken otfl My 
Regiment was ordered in pursuit of them, we accordingly 
€r088*d the branch, and ascended the Mountain, march *d 

280 Colcyiiel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

along the Summit of the same for upw*" of two miles in 
order to gain their rear but the enemy having too much 
start, got clear. After scouring the Mountains & Valleys 
near the same, we return'd much fatigued about 5 o'Clock 


Monday 16^. 

I The detach* under Gen* Poors Command agreeable to 

I orders mooved this day 1 o'clock p.m. up Susquehannah for 

the purpose of forming a junction with Gen' Clinton. 
J Several of our Out Centinels alarm 'd the Camp by firing 

'. of several Guns about 1 o'clock in the morning, in conse- 

quence of which Light Corp stood under arms, several 
' Patroles were send out to reconnoitre the front of Encamp- 

ment, return'd near day break, but made no discoveries. 
' Alarm proov'd primature. Gen* Hand being ordered with 

, the detachment under Gen* Poor. Command of Light Corp 

' devolvM on me during his absence. 

I Tuesday 17^. 

7 o'clock P.M. firing was heard about 500 yds. immediately 
in front of Light Corp Encampment, a party of 50 men 
properly offic'd were immediately detach'd and endeavour to 
find out the cause of it. Return'd 8 o'Clock p.m. reported 
that a party of Indians 11 in number had way-laid a few 
pack-horsemen, who were just returning with their Horses 
from pasture, that they had killed and scalped one man and 
wounded another. The wounded man got safe to Camp 
and the Corps of the other was likewise brought in. 

An Alarm was fir'd by a Centinel about 11 o'clock 
p.m. but prooved false. 

Wednesday 18f^. 

In order to entrap some of those savages who keep sneaking 

about the Encampment the following parties were ordered 

\ out for that purpose and to be reliev'd daily by an equal 

number until we leave this ground, viz* One Sub : & 20 

Colonel Hubley'8 Journal, 1779. 281 

Men on the Mountain opposite the Encamp*, one Sub : & 20 
Men on the Island about IJ mile above the Encampment 
on the Tioga branch, and one Sub : & 20 Men in the 
Woods about 1 J mile immediately in front of Light Corp 
Encampment With orders to waylay and take every other 
means to take them. 

This day by particular request of several Gentlemen, a 
discourse was delivered in the Masonic form by Doctor 
Rogers, on the death of Cap* Davis of the 11*"* Pen* and 
Lieut. Jones of the Delaware Regiments who were on the 
23'* of April last most cruely & Inhumanly Massacred k 
Scalp'd by the savages, (Emissaries imploy'd by the British 
King) as they were marching with a detachment for the 
relief of the Garrison at Wyoming. 

Those Gentlemen were both Members of that Hn* and 
ancient society of Freemason. A number of Brethren 
attended on this occasion in proper form and the whole 
was conducted with propriety and harmony. Text Preached 
on this Solemn occasion was the first clause in the 7*"* 
verse of the 7** Chapter of Job, Remember my life is but 

Thursday 19^. 
Nothing remarkable this day. 

Finday 20^. 

This day arrived Lieut. Boyd of Col. Butlers Reg* with 
Accounts of Gen* Clintons movements on Susquehannah, 
and that a junction was form'd by him with Gen* Poors 
Detachment at Chukunuty about 35 mile from this place. 
Rjun very heavy chief part of this day. 

Saturday ^i«<. 

The detachment under Gen* Clinton & Poor on account of 
the very heavy rain yesterday did not reach this Encamp- 
ment, as was expected. 

282 Colanel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

Sunday 22^. 

This day 10 o'clock a.m. Generals Clinton k Poors 
detachments with about 220 Boats pass'd Light Corp 
Encampment, for the Main Army about 17 miles in their 
rear. On their passing they were saluted with 18 rounds 
from the Park. The Light Corp being likewise drawn up, 
and received them, in proper form with Colo: Proctors 
Music k Drums k fifes beating and playing. 

Monday 23^. 

This day a most shocking affair happen'd, by an accident 
of a gun, which went off, the ball of which entered a tent in 
w** was Cap : Kamble of Gen* Poors Brigade and a Lieut 
the Cap* was unfortunately kill'd & the Lieut, wounded. 

Gten* Clinton having form'd a junction with the Army at 
this place, the following alterations in the several Brigades 
were ordered to take place viz*: — Colo. Courtland Reg* to 
be annex'd to Gen* Clintons, Colo. Olden to Gen* Poors 
and Colo. ButUers Reg* w** Major Parrs Corps to Gen* 
Hands Brigades. 

Tuuesday H^. 

This day imploy'd hands to make baggs for the purpose 
of carrying flour, hands imploy'd all day & night in this 

Agreeable to orders a signal Gun was fir'd for the whole 
army to strike Tents 5 o'clock p.m. and marched some 
small distance, in order to form the line of March : 7 o'clock 
P.M. another signal Gun was fir'd for the Army to Encamp 
in proper order, and to be in readiness for an immediate 
March. Colo. Butlers Reg* with Major Parrs Rifle men, 
join'd Light corp k encamp'd with them this day 7 o'clock 


Colo. Shrieve, took command of Fort Sullivan this day, 
agreeable to orders. 

Flying Hospital k Stores &c., were moov'd this day to the 

Colonel Hiibhys Jourml, 1779, 


Wednesdat/ 25^K 

Tliia morning, waa entirely devoted to packing up k 
getting everything in readineds for an immediate march, a 
heavy rain fell in 11 o'clock A.M. continued greatest part 
of the day, which prevented our moovementfl. 

Thimdaij m^. 

The Army not being perfectly ready to March 8 o'clock 
A.xM. agreeable to yesterdays orders^ the Signal Gun for a 
march was not fired untill 11 o'clock, when the whole took 
up the line of march in the following order Viz*; Light 
Corp Commanded by Gen' Hand, March 'd in six Columns, 
the right Commanded by Colo. Butler and the left by my- 
self. Major Parr with the Rifflemen, dispersed considerably 
in front of the whole wnth orders to reeonoitre all moun- 
tains defiles, or other suspicious places, previous to the 
arrival of the Army, to prevent any surprize or ambus- 
cades, from taking place. The Pioneers under command 
of a Captain k Sub. then followed, atler which proceeded 
the Park of Artillery. Then came on the Main Army in 
two Columns, in centre of which moov^d the Pack-horses k 
Cattle, the whole flankM on right k left by the flanking 
Divisions, commanded by Colo: Dubois & Colo. Ogden. 
And rear brought up by Gen' Clintons Brigade, in this 
possition the whole mov'd to the Upper end of Tioga flats, 
about 3 Mile above Fort Sullivan, where we encanip'd for 
this night. This day dispo^^'d of one of my horses for £ — 
to Mr. Bond. 

Cap' Bush on acco' of his indisposition obtained leave to 
continue either at Fort Sullivan or go to Wyoming untill 
the return of the Regiment from the expedition. 

Friday, Afigttst S7^ 1779. 

On account of some delays this morning Army did not 
moove untill half past eight o'clock a.m., previous to the 
March the Pioneers under cover of the Riffle corps, were 


Colonel Hubley's Journul, 1779. 

advaiiiiMto the first k second defiles or narrows, some Miles 
in front of our Encampment, were they were imploy'd in 
mending and cutting a road for the Park to pass. The 
Army march'd in same order of yesterday, the Country 
thro' w** they had to pass being exceedingly Mountainous 
& ruff, and ye elow movements of the Park, considerably 
inipoded the March. About 7 o^clock p,m. we arrived, 
near tlie last narrows, at the lower end of Chemung^ were 
we encampM in following order viz^ Light Corps near the 
enterance of ye Defile or Narrows and in front of some very 
extensive Cornficlda suppos'd to be planted by ye refugee 
Torys now acting w** ye savages, the Main Army, about one 
Mile in our rear, and immediately fronting the Corn-fields, 
After Encamping: Troops had an agreeable repast of Corn, 
Potatoes, Beans, Co cum hers, Watermelons Squashes k 
other vegeta**, which were in great plenty (produced) from 
the Cornfields already mentioned, and in tlie greatest per- 
fection. Distance of March this day 6 Miles, 

Saturday Aug^ m^\ 

Pore part of this day, being imph>y'd by the Gen* Sc prin- 
cipal officers of ye Army, in reconnoitering the river, and 
finding out some fording phice for the Artillery, Pack- 
homea & Cattle, to cross to gain Chemtinq^ the defile or 
narrows mentioned in my Yesterday Journal being so ex- 
cessive narrow, and indeed almost impracticable for them 
to pass. 

The following disposition for the marching of ye Army 
took place accordingly viz* The Riffle Corps with Gen' 
Maxwells Brigade and lefl flanking Division of the Army, 
Covering the Park, Pack-horses k Cattle crossed to the 
West side of the river, and about one k half mile above, 
recroasM the same, and formed a junction (on the lower end 
of Chemung flats) with the Light Corps, Gen* Poors k 
Clintons Brigadas & Right flanking Division of y* Army, 
who took their rout across an almost inaecesaable Mountain 



VI ( ^ 

-:- ''^^^ 


L..A la- 

284 Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

advanced to the first & second defiles or narrows, some Miles 
in front of our Encampment, were they were imploy'd in 
mending and cutting a road for the Park to pass. The 
Army march'd in same order of yesterday, the Country 
thro' w** they had to pass being exceedingly Mountainous 
& r\ift\ and ye slow movements of the Park, considerably 
impeded the March. About 7 o'clock p.m. we arrived, 
near the last narrows, at the lower end of Chemung^ were 
we encamp'd in following order viz'. Light Corps near the 
enterance of ye Defile or Narrows and in front of some very 
extensive Cornfields supposed to be planted by ye refugee 
Torys now acting w** ye savages, the Main Army, about one 
Mile in our rear, and immediately fronting the Corn-fields. 
After Encamping: Troops had an agreeable repast of Corn, 
Potatoes, Beans, Cucumbers, Watermelons Squashes & 
other vegeta^*, which were in great plenty (produced) from 
the Cornfields already mentioned, and in the greatest per- 
fection. Distance of March this day 6 Miles. 

Saturday Aug^ 28^. 

Fore part of this day, being imploy'd by the Gen* & prin- 
cipal ofilcers of ye Army, in reconnoitering the river, and 
finding out some fording place for the Artillery, Pack- 
horses & Cattle, to cross to gain Chemimgj the defile or 
narrows mentioned in my Yesterday Journal being so ex- 
cessive narrow, and indeed almost impracticable for them 
to pass. 

The following disposition for the marching of ye Army 
took place accordingly viz* The Riffle Corps with Gen* 
Maxwells Brigade and left flanking Division of the Army, 
Covering the Park, Pack-horses k Cattle cross'd to the 
West side of the river, and al)out one k half mile above, 
recro88*d the same, and formed a junction (on the lower end 
of Chemung flats) with the Light Corps, Gen* Poors & 
Clintons Brigades k Right flanking Division of y' Army, 
who took their rout across an almost inaccessable Mountain 

Colonel Ilubley's Jourtml, 1779. 


on the Eaet-eide of y* river, the bottom of which forniB the 
narrows, already mentioned, the Biinmiit was gained with 
greatest diticuhy, on the top of the Mountain, the hinds, 
which are level & extensive, are exceeding rich with large 
timber, chiefly Oak interspersed with underwood k excel- 
lent grm». The prospect from this mountain, is most 
beautifuly we had a view of the Country of at least 20 mile 
round, the fine extensive plains interspersed with streams 
of Water, made the prospect pleasing and elegant, from 
thia Mountain we observ'd, at some considerable distance, a 
number of clouds of emoalcs arising were we concluded the 
enemy to be encamp'd. 

Previous to the movement of the Army this day a small 
party of Men, wore send across the river, in order to destroy 
some few Indian Ilutts, which were immediatdy opposite 
our Encampment, before the business was quite eflected, 
they were fired upon by a party of Indians, who after 
giving the fire, immediately retreated, the party executed 
their orders, and all retnrn'd unhurt to the Army. 

The Scout send outlast evening, to reconoitre the Enemy, 
near Ne\\^own (an Indian Village so called) returned this 
day, and reported they discovered a great number of fires and 
that they supposed, from the extensive piece of ground 
covered by the fires, the enemy must be very formidable, 
and mean to give us battle, the likewise discovered four 
or five small scouting parties on their way towards this 
place supposed to reconnoitre our Army. Since our arrival 
here a great quantity of furniture was found by our sohliers, 
which was concealed in the adjacent Woods. After form- 
ing the junction above mentioned, we took up the line of 
march and moov'd to the upper Chemung4owi\ and Encamp'd 
about 6 o'clock p.m, for this night. Distance of March 
on a straight course about 2 miles. 

From the great quantities of Corn A other vegetables 
here and in the neigh boiirhcrod, it is supposM the intended 
to establish tiieir principal Magazine at this jilacc w*" seems 
to be their chief randevouze, when ever they intend to go 


Colonel Huhlej/a Journal, 1779. 

to War, it ia tlie Key to the Penti' Jearsey and New York 
frontiers. The Corn already destroyed by our Army is not 
leas than 5000 Bushels, upon a moderate cAleulation, and 
the quantity yet in y* ground in this neighbourhood, i& at 
leaat the Siime, besides which there are vai^t quantities of 
Beana, Potatoes, Sqnashei^, Pumbkius &c, whicli sharM the 
fate of the Corn. 

Sandai/ August 29*K 

This morning 9 o'clock the Army moov'd in same order 
of 26^ the Riffle men were well scattered in front of the 
Light Corpe,who moov'd wnth greatest jjrecission & caution. 
On our arrival near the ridge on which the Action of 13^ 
commenced witlj Light corps, our Van discovered several 
Ladiiius in front, one of which gave them a tire, and then 
fled. We continned our march for abont one Mile, the 
Rifle corps entered a low niarshey ground^ which seem'd 
well calculated for forming Ambuscades, tliey advanced 
with great precantionj when several more Indians were 
discovered, who fired and retreated, Major Parr from those 
circumstances judged it rather dangerous to proceed any 
farther without first taking every precaution to reconnoitre 
almost every foot of ground, and ordered one of his men to 
mount a tree and see if he could make any discovery, Ailer 
being some time on the Tree, he discovered the movement 
of several Indians, (which was rendered conspicuous from 
the quantity of paint they had on them) as they wx^re lay- 
ing behind an extensive breast work, which extended at 
least half a Mile, and most artfully covered with green 
boughs & trees, having their right flank secured by the 
river and their left by a Mountain. It was situated on a 
rising piece of ground^ about 100 yards in front of a dif- 
ficult stream of Water, bounded by the Marshy ground 
already mentioned on one side, and on the other between it 
& the breast wn>rks by an open & clear field. Major Parr 
immediately gave intelligence to Gen* Hand of his discov- 
eriee, who immediately advanced the Light Corp within 

Colofiel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 


about 300 yards of the Enemy's works, and formed in line 
of Buttle, the Rifle Corps, under eover advanced and lay 
under the bank of the Creek within 100 yards of tlie lines, 
Gen^ Sullivan having previous notice arrived with the Main 
Army and ordered the following disposition to tiike place, 
the Rifle & Light Corp to continue their possition, the left 
flanking Division under com** of Col, Ogden to take poet 
on tlie Left flank of the Light Corp and Gen* Maxwells 
Brigade some distance in the rear as a Corps de reserve, and 
Colo. Proctors Artilery in front of the Centre of the Light 
Corp and immediately opposite the Breast works, a heavy 
fire ensued between the Rifle Corp & the Enemy, but little 
duinafije wan done on either side, in the mean time Gen^' 
Poors k Clintons Brigades with the right flanking DiNHsions 
were ordered to march A gain if possible the Enemys flank 
& rear, whilst the Rifle & Light Corps amue'd them in 
front, Colo : Proctorw had orders to be in readiness w** his 
Artillery, and atttick the lines, first allowing a suflicient 
space of time to Gen* Poor A^ to gain their intended 
stations. About 3 o'clock p.m. the Artillery began their 
attack on the Enemys works, the Rifle k Light Coq)8 in 
the mean time prepared to advance and charge, but the 
Enemy finding tlieir situation rather precarious and our 
troops determined, left k retreated from their works with 
the greatest precipitation, leaving behind them a number 
of Blankets, Gun-covers, and kittles w** corn boiling over 
the fire. Gen^ Poor &* on acco' of several difficulties whi<*h 
they had to surmount, could not eflect their designs, and 
the enemy probably having intiligence of their approach, 
posted a number of Troops on the Top of a Mountain, over 
which they had to advance, on their arrival near the 
summit of the same, the Enemy gave them a fire and 
wounded several Officers & Soldiers. Gen* Poor pushed on 
& gave them a fire as the retre^ited, and kilPd five of the 
Savages. In the course of the day we took nine scalps (all 
savages) and two prisoners, who were seperately examined 
and gave the following corresponding intiligence that the 

284 Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

advaiic'd to the first & second defiles or narrows, some Miles 
in front of our Encampment, were they were imploy'd in 
mending and cutting a road for the Park to pass. The 
Army march'd in same order of yesterday, the Country 
thro' w^ they had to pass being exceedingly Mountainous 
k rutt\ and ye slow movements of the Park, considerably 
impeded the March. About 7 o'clock p.m. we arrived, 
near the last narrows, at the lower end of Chemung^ were 
we encamp'd in following order viz*. Light Corps near the 
enterance of ye Defile or Narrows and in front of some very 
extensive Cornfields suppos'd to be planted by ye refugee 
Torys now acting w** ye savages, the Main Army, about one 
Mile in our rear, and immediately fronting the Corn-fields. 
After Encamping: Troops had an agreeable repast of Corn, 
Potatoes, Beans, Cucumbers, Watermelons Squashes & 
other vegeta*', which were in great plenty (produc'd) from 
the Cornfields already mentioned, and in the greatest per- 
fection. Distance of March this day 6 Miles. 

Saturday Au^ 28^. 

Fore part of this day, being imploy'd by the Gen* & prin- 
cipal ofiScers of ye Army, in reconnoitering the river, and 
finding out some fording place for the Artillery, Pack- 
horsee A Cattle, to cross to gain Chemung^ the defile or 
narrows mentioned in my Yesterday Journal being so ex- 
cessive narrow, and indeed almost impracticable for them 
to pass. 

The following disposition for the marching of ye Army 
took place accordingly viz* The Riflle Corps with Gen* 
Maxwells Brigade and left flanking Division of the Army, 
Covering the Park, Pack-horses k Cattle cross'd to the 
West side of the river, and about one & half mile above, 
recross'd the same, and formed a junction (on the lower end 
of Chemung flats) with the Light Corps, Gen^ Poors & 
Clintons Brigades k Right flanking Division of y* Army, 
who took their rout across an almost inaccessable Mountain 


Colonel Huhleys Journal, 1779. 

advanced to the first & secoud detileg or narrows, some Miles 
111 front of our Encampment, were they were iraployM in 
mending and entting a road for the Park to pass. The 
Army marchM in same order of yeBterday, the Country 
thro' w^ they had to pass being exceedingly Mountainous 
& rnfi* ajid ye slow movements of the Park, considerably 
iJiipcdcd the March. About 7 o'clock p.m. we arrived, 
near the last narrows, at the lower end of Chemmig^ were 
we encamp'd in following order viz\ Light Corps near the 
enterance of ye Defile or Narrows and in front of some very 
extensive Cornfields supposed to be planted by ye refugee 
Torys now acting w*" ye savages, the Main Army, about one 
Mile in our rear, and immediately fronting the Coru-fielde, 
After Encamping: Troops had an agreeable repast of Corn, 
Potiitoes, Beans, Cucumbers, Watermelons Squashes & 
other vegeta^', which were in great plenty (produced) from 
the Cornfields already mentioned, and in the greatest [per- 
fection. Distance of March this day (> Miles. 

Saturday Aug*' 28^K 

Fore part of this day, being imploy'd by the Gen' & prin- 
cipal officers of ye Army, in reconnoitering tlie river, and 
finding out some fording place for the Artillery, Pack- 
horses k Cattle, to cross to gain Chetmmg^ the defile or 
narrows mentioned in my Yesterday Journal being so ex- 
cessive narrow, and indeed almost impracticable for them 
to pass. 

The following disposition for the marching of ye Array 
took place accordingly viz^ The Riftle Corps with Gen* 
Maxwells Brigade and leflt flanking Division of tlie Army, 
Covering the Park, Paek-liorses k Cattle cross'd to the 
West side of the river, and about one A half mile above, 
recross'd the same, and formed a junction (on the lower end 
of Chemung flats) with the Light Corps, Gen^ Poors & 
Clintons Brigades k Right flanking Division of y' Army, 
who took their rout across an almc^t inaccessable Mountain 

lolonel Hubley's Journal^ 171 


on the East-side of y* river, the bottom of which forms the 
narrows, already mentioned, the munmit was gained with 
greatest dificulty, on the top of the Mountain, the hinds, 
winch are level & extensive, are exceeding rich witli large 
timber, chiefly Oak inter8f»er8*d with underwood & excel- 
lent grass. The prospect from this mountain, is most 
beautiful, we had a Nnew of the Country of at least 20 mile 
round, the fine extensive plains interspersed with streams 
of Water, made the prospect pleasing and elegant, from 
this Mountain we observed, at some considerable distance, a 
number of clouds of smoalcs arising were we conelude<l the 
enemy to be encamped. 

Previous to the movement of the Army this day a small 
party of Men, were send across the river, in order to destroy 
some few Indian Ilutts, which w^ere immediately opposite 
our Encampment, before the business was quite effected, 
they were fired upon by a party of Indians, who after 
giving the fire, immediately retreated, the party executed 
their orders, and all return'd unhurt to the Army, 

The Scout send out last evening, to reconoitre the Enemy, 
near Newtown (an Indian Village so called) returned this 
day, and reported they discovered a great number of tires and 
that they supposed, from the extensive piece of ground 
covered by the fires, the enemy must be very formidable, 
and mean to give us battle, the likewise discovered four 
or five small scouting parties on their way towards this 
place supposed to reconnoitre our Army. Since our arrival 
here a greatquantity of furniture was found by our sohliers, 
w^hich was concealed in the adjacent Woods. After form- 
ing the junction above mentioned, we took up the line of 
march and moov'd to the upper Chemung4(ADn and Encamp'd 
about 6 o'clock p.m. for this night. Distance of March 
on a Btrdght course about 2 miles. 

From the great quantities of Corn k other vegetables 
here and in the neighbourhood, it is supposed the intended 
to establish their principal Magazine at this place w*' seems 
to be their chief randevouze, when ever they intend to go 

286 Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

to War, it is the Key to the Penu* Jearsey and New York 
frontiers. The Corn already destroyed by our Army is not 
lees than 5000 Bushels, upon a moderate calculation, and 
the quantity yet in y* ground in this neighbourhood, is at 
least the same, besides which there are vast quantities of 
Beans, Potatoes, Squashes, Pumbkins &c. which shar'd the 
fate of the Com. 

Smdaj/ Aug^isi 29^. 

This morning 9 o'clock the Army moov'd in same order 
of 26*^ the Riffle men were well scattered in front of the 
Light Corps, who moov'd with greatest precission k caution. 
On our arrival near the ridge on which the Action of 13^ 
commenc'd with Light corps, our Van discovered several 
Indians in front, one of which gave them a fire, and then 
fled. We continued our march for about one Mile, the 
Rifle corps entered a low marshey ground, which seem'd 
wdl calculated for forming Ambuscades, they advanced 
with great precaution, when several more Indians were 
discovered, who fired and retreated. Major Parr from those 
circamatances jodg'd it rather dangerous to proceed any 
further without first taking every precaution to reconnoitre 
almost every foot of ground, and ordered one of his men to 
mount a tree and see if he could make any discovery. After 
being some time on the Tree, he discovered the movement 
of several Indiana, (which was rendered conspicuous from 
the quantity of paint they had on them) as they were lay- 
ing bdiind an extenave breast work, which extended at 
least half a Mile, and moat artfully covered with green 
boughs k trees, having thdr right flank secur'd by the 
river and thdr left by a Mountain. It was situated on a 
riang ineoe <^ ground, about 100 yards in front of a dif- 
ficult stream of Water, boonded by the Marshy ground 
already mentioned on one side, and on the other between it 
k the breast works by an open k dear field. Major Parr 
imme^atdy gave intdHgence to Gten^ Band of his discov- 
eries, who immediately advanc'd the Light Corp within 

Colonel Hublet/s Journal 1779. 


about 300 yards of the Eneniy'e works, uiul form'd in line 
of Battle, the Rifle Corps, under cover advanced and lay 
under the bank of the Creek within 100 yards of the lines. 
Qen^ Sullivan having previous notice arriv'd with the Main 
Army and ordered the following disposition to take place, 
the Rifle & Light Corp to continue their possition, the left 
flanking Division under com'* of Col. Ogden to take poet 
on the Left flank of the Light Corp and Gen* Maxwells 
Brigade some distance in the rear as a Corps de reserve, and 
Colo. Proctors Artilery in front of the Centre of the Light 
Corp and immediately opposite the Breast works, a heavy 
fire ensued between the Rifle Corp k the Enemy, hut little 
damage wna done on either side, in the mean time Gen** 
Poors & Clintons Brigades with the right flanking Dimions 
^vere ordered to march k gain if possible the Enemys flank 
& rear, whilst the Rifle & Light Corps amus'd them in 
front. Colo : Proctors had orders to be in readiness w^ his 
Artillery, and attack tlie lines, first allowing a sufficient 
space of time to Gen* Poor &*. to gain their intended 
stations* About 3 o'clock p.m. the Artillery began their 
attack on the Enemys works, the Rifle k Light Corps in 
the mean time prepared to advance and charge, but the 
Enemy finding their situation rather precarious and our 
troops determin'd, left k retreated from their works with 
the greatest precipitation, leaving behind them a number 
of Blankets, Gun-covers, and kittles vi^ corn boiling over 
the tire. Gen* Poor k* on acco* of several difficulties which 
they had to surmount, could not effect their designs, and 
the enemy probably having intiligence of their approach, 
posted a number of Troops on the Top of a Mountain, over 
which they had to advance, on their arrival near the 
fiammit of the same, the Enemy gave them a fire and 
wounded several Officers k Soldiers, Gen^ Poor push'd on 
& gave them a tire as the retreated, and kilFd five of the 
Savages. In the course of the day we took nine scalps (all 
savages) and two prisoners, who were seperately examined 
and gave the following corresponding intiligence that tlie 


Colonel Hubley's Journah ^779. 

to War, it 18 the Key to tlie Peiin* Jearsej and New York 

frontiers. The Com already flestroyed by our Army is not 
le88 tliau 5000 Bnahels, npon a moderate calculation, and 
the quantity yet in y* ground in this neighbourhood, is at 
leaet the same, besides which there are vast quantities of 
Beans, Potatoes, Squashes, runjbkius &c. which sharM the 
fate of the Corn. 

Suiidat/ August ^9**. 

This morning 9 o'clock the Army nioov'd in same order 
of 26^ the Riffle men were well ecattered in front of the 
Light Corps, who moov'd wnlh greatest precission & caution. 
On our arrival near the ridge on which the Action of 13'** 
eommene'd with Light corps, our Van discovered several 
Indians in front, one of which gave them u iire^ and then 
fled. We continued our march for ahunt one Mile, the 
Rifle corps entered a low marshcy ground, which seeni'd 
well calculated for forming Ambuscades, they advanced 
with great precaution, when several more Indiana were 
discovered, who tired and retreated, Major Parr from tho&e 
circumstances judg'd it rather dangerous to proceed any 
further without first taking every precaution to reconnoitre 
almost every foot of ground, and ordered one of his men to 
mount a tree and see if he could make any discovery. After 
being some time on the Tree, he discovered the movement 
of several Indians, (which was rendered consjiieuoue from 
the quantity of pauit they had on them) a^ they were lay- 
ing behind an extensive breast work, wliich extended at 
least half a Mile, and most artfully covered with green 
boughs & treeij, having their right Hunk secur'd by the 
river and their left, by a Mountain. It was situated on a 
rising piece of ground^ about 100 yards in front of a dif- 
ticult stream uf Water, bounded by the Marshy ground 
already mentioned on one side, and on the other between it 
k the breast works by an open «fc clear tiehL Major Parr 
immediately gave intelligence to Gen* Hand of his discov- 
eried, who immediately advanc'd the Light Corp within 

Colonel Huhhys Journal, 1779. 


on the East-side of y* river, the bottom of which fonits the 
narrows, already mentiotied, the Buniniit was ^incd with 
greatest dificultj, on the top of tlie Mountain, the lands, 
which are level k extensive, are exceeding rich with large 
timber, chiefly Oak interepere'd with underwood k excel- 
lent grass. The prospect from this mountain, is most 
beauHful, we had a view of the Country of at least 20 mile 
round, the fine extensive plains interspersed with streams 
of Water, made the prospect pleasing and elegant, from 
this Mountain we observ'd, at some considerable distance, n 
number of ekmds of smoaks arising were we concluded the 
enemy to be eneamp'd. 

Previous to the movement of the Army this day a small 
party of Men, were send across the river, in order to destroy 
some few Indian Hotts, which were immediately opposite 
our Encampment, before the business was quite eftected, 
they were fired upon by a party of Indians, who after 
giving the fire, immediately retreated, the party executed 
their orders, and all returned unhurt to the Army* 

The Scout send out last evening:, to reconoitre the Enemy, 
near Newtown (an Indian Village so called) return 'd this 
day, and reported they discovered a great number of fires and 
that they supposM, from the extensive piece of ground 
covered by the fires, the enemy must be very formidable, 
and mean to give us battle, the likewise discovered four 
or five small scouting parties on their way towards this 
place supposed to reconnoitre our Army. Since our arrival 
here a great quantity of furniture was found by our soldiers, 
which was concealed in the adjacent Woods, After form- 
ing the junction above mentioned, we took up the line of 
march and moov'd to the upper Chemnntj-town and Encamp'd 
about 6 o'clock p.m. for this night. Distance of March 
on a straight course about 2 miles. 

From the great quantities of Corn k other vegetables 
here and in the neighbourhood, it is auppos'd the intended 
to establish their principal Magazine at this jdaee w*" seems 
to be their chief randevouze, when ever they intend to go 


Colonel Hublet/s Journal, 1779. 

to War, it is the Key to the Penii* Jearsey and New York 
frontiers. The Corn already destroyed by our Army is not 
leas tlmii 5000 Bnahels, npnii a moderate calculation, aiid 
the quantity yet in y' ground iu this neighbourhood, is at 
least the eame, besides which there are vast quantities of 
Beans, Potatoes, Squashes, Pumbkius kc, which shar'd tlie 
fete of the Corn. 

Sundat/ Angust 29*K 

This morning 9 o'eloek the Army moov'd in same order 
of 26^^ the RitHe men were well sciittered in front of the 
Light CorpH, who moovM witli greatest jirecissiou Acautiou^ 
On our arrival near the ridge on which the Action of IS"* 
commencVl with Light corps, our Van discovered several 
Indians in front, one of which gave them a tire, and then 
fled. We eontinned otir march for about one Mile, the 
Rifle corps entered a low marshey groundj which eeera'd 
well calculated for forming Ambuscades, they advanced 
^vith great precaution, when several more Indians were 
discovered, win* tired and retreated, Major Parr from those 
circumstances judg'd it rather dangerous to proceed any 
further without first taking every precaution to reconnoitre 
almost every foot of ground, and ordered one of his men to 
mount a tree and see if he could make any discovery. After 
being some time on the Tree, he discovered the movement 
of several Indians, (which was rendered conspicuous from 
the quantity of paint they had on them) as they were lay- 
ing behind an extensive breast work, whicli extended at 
least half a Mile, and most artfully covered with green 
boughs & trees, having their right tiauk secur'd by the 
river and their left by a Mountain* It was situated on a 
rising piece of ground, about 100 yards in front of a dit- 
ticult stream of Water, bounded by the Marshy ground 
already mentioned on one side, and on the other between it 
& the breast works by an open & clear field. Major Parr 
immediately gave intelligence to Gen^ Hand of his discov- 
eries, who immediately advanc'd the Light Corp within 

Colmel Hubhys Journal, 1779. 


about 300 yards of the Enemy 8 works, and form'd in line 
of Battle, the Rifle Corps, under oover advanced and lay 
under the bank of the Creek within 100 yards of the lines. 
Gen' Sullivan having previous notice arriv'd with the Main 
Army and ordered the following di8pols^ition to take place, 
the Rifle & Light Corp to continue their possition, the left 
flanking Division under com"* of Coh Ogden to take post 
on the Left flank of the Light Corp and Gen^ Maxwells 
Brigade 8ome distance in the rear as a Corps de reserve, and 
Colo. Proctors Artilery in front of the Centre of the Light 
Corp and immediately opposite the Breast works, a heavy 
fire ensued between the Rifle Corp & the Enemy, but little 
damage wa^ done on either side, in the mean time Gen'' 
Poors A Clintons Brigades with the right flanking Divisions 
ivere ordered to march k gain if possible the Enemys flank 
& rear, whilst the Rifle & Light Corps amus'd them in 
trout, Colo : Proctors hiid orders to be in readiness w'' his 
Artillery, and attack the lines, first allowing a sufficient 
space of time to Qen* Poor &*. to gain their intended 
stations. About 3 o'clock p.m. the Artillery began their 
attack on the Enemys works, the Rifle & Light Corps in 
the mean time prepar'd to advance and charge, but the 
Enemy finding their situation rather precarious and our 
troops determin'd, left A retreated from their works with 
the greatest precipitation, leaving behind them a number 
of Blankets, Gun-covers, and kittles w** corn boiling over 
the fire. Gen' Poor A" on acco* of several difficulties which 
they had to surmount, could not effect their designs, and 
the enemy probably having intiligence of their approach, 
posted a number of Troops on the Top of a Mountain, over 
which they had to advance, on their arrival near the 
summit of the same, the Enemy gave them a fire and 
wounded several Oflicers & Soldiers, Gen' Poor push'd on 
& gave them a fire as the retreated, and kilFd five of the 
Savages. In the course of the day we took nine scalps (all 
savages) and two prisoners, who were seperately examined 
and gave the following corresponding intiligence that the 

288 Coloml Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

Enemy were 700 Men strong, viz* 500 Savages and 200 
TorjB with about 20 British troops, commanded by a 
Seneca chief, the two Butlers, Brand & M'Donald. 

The Infantry pushed on towards Newtown, the Main 
Army halted & Encamp'd near the place of Action, near 
which were several extensive fields of Corn & other vegeta- 
bles. About 6 o'clock p.m. the Infantry returned A 
Encamp'd near the Main Array. 

The Prisoners further informed us, that the whole of 
their party had Subsisted upon Com only, for this fortnight 
past A that they had no other Provision with them. And 
that their next place of Randevouze would be at Catherines 
town, an Indian village about 25 Mile from this place. 

Distance of March (exclusive of Countermarches) this day 
about 8 miles. 

Monday August SO^. 

On account of the great quantities of Corn, Beans, Pota- 
toes, Turnips k other vegetables, in destroying of which the 
Troops were imploy'd, and the rain, which sett in the after 
part of ye day, oblig'd us to continue on the ground for 
this day k night, the troops were likewise imploy'd in 
drawing eight days Provisions (comg.-l'* day Sep'). The 
reason of drawing this great quantity at one time was (how- 
ever inconsistent with that Oeconomy which is absolutely 
necessary in our present situation, considering the extensive 
Campaign before us and the time of consequence, it will 
require to complete it) the Want of Pack-horses, for trans- 
porting the same and in order to expedite the great point 
in view, are oblig'd to substitute our soldiery for carrying of 
the same. 

From the great k unparalleld neglect of those persons, 
imploy'd for the purpose of supplying, with every necessary 
the Western Army, to enable them to carry through the 
important Expedition, required of them. Gen* Sullivan was 
at this early period (almost the beginning of y* Campaign) 
under the disagreeable necessity of Issuing the following 

Colofiel Ilvbley's Journal, 1779. 


on the East-gide of y* river, the bottom of which foruis the 
narrows, silrcnidy mentioned, the sumniit was gained with 
greatest dificuhy, on the top of the Mountain, the hmds, 
which are level k extensive, are exceeding rich with large 
timber, chiefly Oak interspers'd ^dth underwood & excel- 
lent graBH. The prospect from tliis mountain, is most 
heautifiilj we had a view of the Country of at least 20 mile 
round, the fine extensive plains interspersed with streams 
of Water, made the prospect pleasing and elegant, from 
this Mountain we observed, at some considerable distance, a 
number of clouds of smoaks arising were we concluded the 
enemy to be encamp'd. 

Previous to the movement of the Army this day a small 
party of Men, were send across the river, in order to destroy 
some few Indian Hutts, which were immediately opposite 
our Enciimpment, before the business was quite eftected, 
they were fired upon by a party of Indians, who after 
giving the fire, immediately retreated, the party executed 
their orders, and all returned unhortto the Army. 

The Scout send out last evening, to reconoitre the Enemy, 
near Newtown (an Indian Village so called) return'd this 
day, and reported they discovered a great number of fires and 
that they supposed, from the extensive piece of ground 
covered by the fire^, the enemy must be very formidable^ 
and meim to give us battle, the likewise discovered four 
or five small scouting parties on their way towards this 
place supposM to reconnoitre our Army. Since our arrival 
here a great quantity of furniture was found by our soldiers, 
which was concealed in the adjacent Woods* After form- 
ing the junction above mentioned, we took up the line of 
march and moov*d to the upper Cheniumf-iown and Encamp'd 
about 6 o'clock p.m. for this night. Distance of March 
on a straight course about 2 miles. 

From the great quantities of Corn k other vegetables 
here and in the neighbourhood, it is suppos'd the intended 
to establish their principal Magazine at this jdace w^ seems 
to be their chief randevouze, when ever they intend to go 


Colonel HuhUy'a Journal, 7779. 

to Wjifj it 18 the Key to the reini* Jearsej and New York 
frontiers. The Corn ah*eH«ly destroyed by our Army is not 
lesB than 5000 Bushels, upon a moderate caleulation« and 
the (juautity yet in y* ground in this neighhourhood, is at 
leajst the same, besides which there are vai^t quantities of 
Beans, Potatoes, Si[Uashes, Pumbkius &e. which eliar'd the 
fate of the Corn, 

Smuiay Angmi 29^^, 

This morning 9 o'clock the Army moov'd in same order 
of 26^** the Riffle men were well scattered in front of the 
Light Corps, who inoov'il with greatest precission & caution. 
On onr arrival near the ridge on which the Action of 13^ 
commenc'd with Light corps, our Van discovered several 
Indians in front, one of whieli gave them a Jire^ and then 
fled. We continued our march for about one Mile, the 
Rifle eorjie entered a low marahey ground, which seemed 
well calculated for forming Ambuscades, they advanced 
\rith great preeautiiui, when several more Indians were 
discovered, who lircd luid retreated, Major Parr from thtme 
circumstances judg'd it leather dangeruus^ to proceed any 
further without first taking every preeiiution to reconnoitre 
alninst every foot of ground, and ordered one of his men to 
nunmta tree and see if he could make any discov^ery. After 
beiijg some time on the Tree, he discovered the movement 
of severol Indians, (which was rendered conspicuous from 
the quantity of paint they had on them) as they were lay- 
ing behind an extensive breast work, which extended at 
least half a Mile, and most artfully covered with green 
honghs k trees, liaving their right flank secured l)y the 
river and their left by a Mountain. It was situated on a 
rising piece of ground, about 100 yards in front of a dif- 
tirult stream of Watcr^ bounded l>y the Marshy ground 
already mentioned on one side, and on the other between it 
k the breast works by an open k clear field. Major Parr 
immediately gave intelligence to Gen^ Iland of his discov- 
eries, who immediately advanced the Light Corp within 

Colonel Hubhy's JournaL i779. 


about 300 yarils of the Enemy's works, and fornvd in line 
of Battle, the Rifle Corps, innler cover advanc'd and lay 
under the bank of the Creek within 100 yards of the linei^, 
Gen^ Sullivan having previous notice arriv'd with the Main 
Army and ordered the following diepoBition to take place, 
the Rifle & Light Corp to 4?ontinue their ftossition, the left 
flanking Division under coin^ of Coi Ogden to take poet 
on the Left flank of the Light Corp and Gen* Maxwells 
Brigade some distance in the rear as a Corps de reserve, and 
Colo, Proctors Artilery in front of the Centre of the Light 
Corp and immediately opposite the Breast works, a heavy 
fire ensued between the Rifle Corp & the Enemy, but little 
damage wa*i done on either side, in the mean time Gen'* 
Poors & Clintons Brigades with the right flanking Di\a8ion8 
were ordered to march k gain if possible the Enemys flank 
& rear, whilst the Rifle & Light Corps amus'd them in 
trout. Colo: Proctors had orders to be in readiness w*" his 
Artillery, and attack the lines, fi^i-st allowing a sufficient 
apace of time to Qen^ Poor A^ to gain their intended 
stations. About 3 o'clock p.m. the Artillery began their 
attack on the Enemys works, the Rifle & Light Cor|J8 io 
the mean time prepared to advance and charge, but the 
Enemy finding their situation rather precarious and our 
troops determinM, left & retreated from their works with 
the greatest precipitation, leaving behind them a number 
of Blankets, Gun-covers, and kittles w*" com boiling over 
the fire. Gen^ Poor A*" on acco' of several difficulties which 
they had to surmount, could not eftect their designs, and 
the enemy probably having intiligence of their approach, 
posted a number of Troops on the Top of a Mountain, over 
which they had to advance, on their arrival near the 
summit of the same, the Enemy gave them a fire and 
wounded several OflScere & Soldiere. Gen' Poor push'd on 
& gave them a tire as the retreated, and kilFd five of the 
Savages. In the course of the day we took nine scalps (all 
savages) and two prisoners, who were seperately examinM 
and gave the following corresponding intiligence that the 

Colonel UvhUy's Journal, 1779. 


Wedneadaj/ September /* J779. 

About 9o^clock A.M. whole Army raoov'd ia good order, 
on a level piece of grouod. About 11 o'clock a.m. we 
entered an extensive Hemlock Swamp, not less than 6 miles 
through, the path thro^ almost impaasable, owing to the 
number of Defiles, long ranges of Mountains, Ravines after 
Ravines, interapers'd with thick underwood k\ The 
Infantry with greatest dificulty got thro' about lialf past 
7 o*clock P.M., The remainder of the Army wiUi the 
Pack Horses, Cattle A* were chiefly the whole Night ira- 
ploy'd in getting thro'. 

As the Infantry were approaching Catherines Town we 
were alarm'd by the howling of Dogs, and other great noise, 
a few of the Riffle men were dispatch'd in order to recon- 
oitre the place, in the mean time we form'd in two solid 
Columns and fix'd Bayonetts with possitive orders not a 
man to fire his Gun but to rush on, in case the Enemy 
should make a stand, but the riffle men who had been sent 
to reconoitre the Town returned with Intiligence, the Enemy 
had left the Town, We then immediately altered our Dis- 
position, on account of the narrowness of the roads, and 
march 'd in files thro* the first part ot the Town, after which 
we cross'd the Creek in a field immediately opposite, were 
there stood a number of houses also, were we encamped, 
and substituted the lumber of the Houses in room of fire- 
wood. On our arrival we found a number of fires burning 
and appeared they had gone oft' precipitately. 

This days march com pleated 12 miles. 

Thursday Septertiber S^. 
The Dismal situation of onr Pack-horses & Cattle of which 
several were kilFd by falling into ditches and several 
otherwise disabled, in getting thro this horrid Swamp 
last evening, prevented our March this morning, the fore 
part of tliis day was intirely impl«»yed in collecting them, 
which from their scattered and dispersM situation was 
attended with the greatest difficulty. 


Colmiel Uubley's Journal, 1779. 

We this morning found an old Squaw, who we suppose 
by reason of her advauc'd age, could not be carried oft^ and 
therefore was left to our Mercy. Ou examining her she in- 
tbrm'd ua that the Indians on our approach la^t evening 
went ofl* very precipitately, tliat the Women k Children had 
gone oft'in the Morning to tuke shelter in some Mountains, 
until the Army had passed them, that then Colo, Butler 
promised he would send back some Wariors, who should 
conduct them by byways, to some place of safety. She 
further adds that previous to tlie Squaw's going off tliere 
was great rontentioiis with them and the Warriors, about 
their going oft*, the tbrmer had deterrain'd on staying & 
submitting to our Generosity, the latter oppoa'd it, and 
iuform'd them, that by such a step the Americans would b© 
able to bring them to any terms they pleas \1, whereas did 
they go oft' they would have it in their power to come to 
more favorable terms, shouhl a treaty at any time be offered. 

Cdlherine Town is pleasantly situated on a Creek, about 8 
mile trom Seneca Lake, it contained near 60 bousea, in 
general very gootl, the Country near it very excellent. We 
found several very fine Corn fields, which aftbrded the 
greatest plenty of Corn, bean Ac, of which after our 
fatiguing march we had an agree**^* repast 

Friday September S^. 
Aft^r getting everything in perfect readinegs, we took up 
our line of March, 7 o'clock thia morning. The roads from 
this place for about one Mile, were rather difficult & 
Swampy. We then asecended a rieing Country, which was 
in general level excepting a few defiles w** we had to paaSi 
but were hy no means dangerous or dificnlt, the lands are 
rich, abounding with fine large & clear Timber, chiefly 
White oak, Hickory, Walnut & Ash, bounded on the left 
for about 3 Miles with excellent Marsh or Meadow ground. 
After which proceeds the beautiful Seneca Lake which 
abounds with all kind of Fish, particularly, Salmon, Trout, 
Rock k Pearch, as also that which resembles a Sheep-head. 


^'i- *^' . - 'I'j ';i 'i 

Colonel Hxibley's Journal, 1779. 


Previous to oor leaving this place, the Squaw which was 
taken here, was left, and a Ilutt erected of which she took 
possession, a quantity of Wood was also gathered & carried 
to the Hutt for her use, she was also provided with a quan- 
tity of Provision, All these favors had such an effect on 
her that it drew tears from her Savage Eyes. 

Its about 3 miles in breadth and about 40 miles in length. 
Upon the right, tho' considerably up the Country is 
another delightful Lake, calPd Kaj/uga Lake^ abounds with 
all kinds offish also, and is about 46 miles in length* 

We proceeded along this beautiful Country about 12 
Miles and incamp'd near a Corn field, (on which stood 
several Indian Cabines), leaving between the Light Corp & 
Main Array an advantageous Ravine, k bounded on our 
left by Seneca Litke, 

Previous to our arrival here, the Indians who occupyM 
the Cabines (already mentioned) probably discovered our 
approach, pneh'd off precipitately, leaving their kittles with 
corn boiling over the fire. During our march this day, we 
discovered several Trees with the following characters 
newly cut on them, by those Savages commanded by 
Brand & the Buttlers & Avith whom we had the action on 
29"^ ult. 

^ExplafJdfion of In3mpt)ons on Trees.'] 

1, An Indian. How often thatKation went to War, and 
every stroke crossed thus -f repres'* their loss that year, 
were its thus ++++4-++ their lods of men as many as 

T T T ^^^^' niany they have scalped of the white people, 

who were in arms. 

X X >< >< 5< Inhab*" scalped who were not in arms — 

I n likewise represents the number of times at war. 

N* 2 A Baplin the Top of which is twisted around the 
Body, signifying they were strong and united. 


Colonel Hubley's Jourtial, 1779, 

Saturday Sejit. 4^, 
On Acco' of the rain tliis marMing the Array did not 
moove untill about 10 o'clock am. we passed thro* a 
delightful level Country, the soil of which, very rich, the 
Tiniher fine & large iiiterspei^s'd with Hazzel-bnshes, tine 
Graaa k Pea-wines, on our march we diBcovered several 
fires burning, which fully iiiti mated wome of the Savages 
were not far m front uf us, we destroyed several fields of 
Corn, and after a March of 13 Miles we Encamp*d in the 
Woods in the front uf a very large Rathif^ and about half a 
Mile from Seneca Lake, On Acco* of some difficulties with 
tire Pack ijorses Ac, the Main Array did not reach so far as 
the Infantry and EncanipM about 2 Miles in their rear. 

Sunday Septnnbe}' 5'^. 

About 9 o*clock tliis morning the Army raoov*d thro* a 
Country much the same at* Yesterday. About 12 o'clock 
we arrived at Candai about 8 Miles from last Encamp*, 
were we encamp'd for thi« night. Previous to our arrival, 
we entered several Corn fiohls and furnishM the Meti with 
two da}'8 allowance of the same. The rittemen who were 
advanced Ret*>ok a prisoner who was taken last year by the 
Savages on the Ea«t branch of Susquelianah* An Indian 
who lay couuoaril fired, but without effect on our riflemen 
Sc immediately fled. 

On Examining tliia prissoner, he informs us that Brand 
with near lOOO savages including Buttlers Rangers left this 
Town last Fryday seemingly much frightened & fatigued, 
that they were pushing for Kanadasaga an Indian Village, 
where they mean to make a stand & give us Battle. He 
further informs us that exclusive of a considerable number 
of Savages kiU'd k wounded in tlie Action of the 29*'* Ulto; 
seven Tories were kilFd that all their wounded with some 
dead were carried in Canoes up tlie Cnyuija Brandt^ that 
they allow they Huatained a very heavy luas in that Action, 

Camfai is much y* finest village we have yet come to. 
Its situated on a rising Ground in the midst of an extensive 

4^1 I 

Colonel Hvbletf's Journal, 1779. 


Apple & Peach orchard, within half a mile of 8eneca T^ake, 
it contains about 40 well finished Honsea, and every thing 
aboat it aeeraa neat and well improvM. 

In this Town we found several Tombs, moat carioufily 
painted k shaped, which denotes some Capitol Warriors are 
buried in them. It likemse shois*^ the great respect they 
pay their deceased. A description of one of tlie Capitol 
Tombs or monument is taken notice of, 

Monday September 6**, 

The forepart of the day was intirely eniploy'd iu hunting 
of our Horses k Cattle, a number of which were lost 
About 2 o'clock we took up uur line of March and nioov'd 
abont 3 Miles, were we encamped on a beautifiil piece of 
Woodland (interspers'd with vast quantities of Pea Vines, 
which served for food for our horses Ac) our rear covered 
by the Lake and our flanks by considerable Ravines, 

On the 4*^ whilst on our March^ several Officers Waiters, 
who had delay'd in the rear, lost the path along which the 
Army moov'd, and towards night found themselves near an 
Indian village which liad been previously evacuated, tbey 
found a quantity of plunder, which the brought off, first 
putting the town in flames. A Captain and a party on 
their missing being sent in pursuit, and fell in with them 
as they were returning to the Encamping place occupy *d by 
the Army the preceeding day, and conducted them safe to 
the Army at QivdaL 

An Express from Tioga w^ Packets &c. tor the Army 
arrived this day at Head-quarters, Received several letters 
from my friends. 

Tuesday SepL 7'*. 

At half past 7 o'clock the Army moov*d and arrived 
at the Head of the Lake, about 2 o*clock r.M. the Country we 
pass'd thro' was exceeding fine, and chiefly along the Water 
for 8J Miles. 

About 3 o*cloek p,m. the Rifle A Infantry Corps, crossed 
at the mouth of the Lake about kneo deep and not above 


Colonel Huhky'n Jotimah J 779, 

80 yds. wide, on onr arrival at the oppomtc ehore we i?n- 
mediately entered a dangerons Sc narrow defile, hmiiided 
on the left by the Head of Sineca Lake, and on onr right by 
a large Moraes and slow, and at intervale well calculated to 
form AmbnRoadee. From every Cireumetanoe, both as to 
hitelligence and the great advantage the enemy might have 
had from its situation, we fully expected an Attack. How- 
ever we moovVl thro' in files, supported by the two flanking 
Divisions and gainM the other eidej the Main Army then 
cross'd, and took our places. We then moovM thro* a second 
defile, ae difficult as the first, and formM again, untill the 
Main Army poeaese'd themselves of the same ground we 
had just left. We then Mareh'd and pass VI a third defile^ 
and form*d in a Cornfield, near a large house, which woa 
beautifully situated on the Head of the Lake, and generaly 
occupy'i! by Butler, one of the savage leaders. 

The Light Corps flank*d by the two flanking Divisions 
received orders, to moove and gain the rear of the Town. 
The Main Anny took the Path, and MarchVl ininiedintcly 
in front of the same, hut the Enemy no doubt having 
Previous notice of our Moovemente, had abandoned the 
Town, wbieli we entered about Dusk, leaving behind them 
a number of Bear and Deer skins, as also a line White child 
about 3 years old. 

Thii* Town is called Kanada»aga and appears to be one 
of their Capital settlements about it is a fine Apple Or- 
chard, and a Council House, There was in the neighbour- 
hood a great quantity of Corn beans &c, which after taking 
great quantities for the use of the Army, we totaly destroy'd. 
Burn\l the Houses which were in number about 50, and 
girdled the apple-trees. Distance of March this day about 
12 Miles. 

Wednesday JStptemher S^* 

This day we lay on our ground, the Rifle Corj^s, with 
several other parties were detach*d down the Lake to de- 
etroy a small village calFd Gaghmuiqua and a quantity of 
com Ac. Fatigues partys were also imploy'd to destroy 

Colonel Hvhley's Journal, 1779. 


the Corn Ac in this neighbourhood, and tlie Army prepared 
for a march early tomorrow morning. 

Various oppinions prevaiVd betv\*een many officers about 
our proceeding any fiirther, on account of our Provisions^ 
but Gen^ Sullivan with a number of officers, nobly resolv'd 
to encounter every difficulty, to execute the important 
expedition, and determined, notwithstanding the horrid 
neglect in not furnishing us with Provisions, Horses &c. 
sufficient to enable us to carry thro* the expedition, even to 
proceed on with the scanty pittance, and accomplish the 
arduous task of destroying the whole Seneca Coantrjf, 

Thursday September 9^, 

On account of a number of Pack-horses, which had gone 
astray & could not be found, the Army did not march at 
6 o'clock, agreeable to yesterdays orders. 

A command of 50 Men under a Captain returned from 
the place to Tioga to Escort the sick and those who were 
not able to proceed without retarding the March of the 
Army, which is now under the necessity, on account of 
our wants, to be as expeditious as possible, to complete the 
Expedition. All those Pack-horses which were lame or 
otherwise reduced, likewise returned. 

About 12 o'clock the Army march'd, their first rout 
was over bushy land, interspers'd with remarkable high wild 
grass, and appeared to have been formerly clearM, we then 
decended into an extensive Afapie Swamp, which was very 
rich, and well calculated for Meadow, after Marching Seven 
Miles, we came to a Creek known by the name of Flint- 
creek^ which the whole excepting Clintons Brigade cross'd, 
and Encamp'd on a plain which had been occupy 'd by the 
Enemy but a few days before, for the same purpose. Dis- 
tance of March 7 miles. 

The rifle-corps, who yesterday went to destroy Gayfmunga^ 
this evening return'd, they report it was a fine Town, well 
iraproov'd, ^ith a great quantity of Com near the same, 
likewise an abundance of Beans, Water mellons, Peaches 


Colonel Hvbley's Jounxal, 1779, 

and all kinds of Vegetables, the whole of which they totaly 

Fruhy September 10^. 

Eight o'clock this morning, the Army took up their Hue of 
March in the usual order, their rout about 4 mile contiDued 
through the Swamp, which in some places was miry & 
difficult for pack-horaeB, otherwise the foot would not have 
been mach retarded. We then arrived on very tine ground 
for marchings which to appearance was old clear'd fields, 
as they contained a great quantity of Wild grass as high as 
tlie Horses in many y>1^c<?8 the land continued in this 
manner (alternatively having a strip ot Woods between), 
for about four Miles when we arrivM at a Lake (the name I 
could not learn), which appeared to be a mile wide, and six 
or se%^en miles in length we march'd half a Mile along 
this lake and came to the mouth which we cross'd, the 
Water not knee deep, and about thirty yards over but it 
narrowed so fast that about twenty yards from the Mouth 
it was not in Width more than five, but much deeper, we then 
moov^'d up a fine country from the Lake and in half a mile 
came to Kmiadnlaafpia a beautiful situated Town containing 
between twenty k tliirty Houses, well fini8h*d chiefly of 
hewn plank which we immediately burn'd, and proceeded 
about half a mile on our right, where we found large fields 
of Corn, Squashes, Beans kv, at this place we encamp'd 
but were very bad oli* for Water, having none but what we 
sent half a mile for, and that very bad. The Seneca 
Country from its extreme flatness has no good Springs, 
which is extremely disagreeable for a Marching Army. 
Distance of March this day nine Miles. 

In this town a dog was hung up, with a string of Wampum 
ruund liiw neck, on a tree curiously decorated, and trim'd. 
On inquiry I was informed it was a custom among the 
Savages betbre they went to War to offer this as a sacra- 
lice to ifars the God of War, and praying that he might 
strengthen them. In return for those favours they promise 
to present him, with the skin for a Tobaccoe Pouch. 

Colonel Hubhy's Journal, 1779. 


the Corn Ac in this neighbonrhood,and t)ic Army prepar'd 
for a march early tomorrow morning. 

Various oppiniona prevailM between many officers about 
oor proceeding any further, on account of our Provisions, 
but Gen* Sullivan ^ntla a number of officers, nobly resolved 
to encounter every difficulty, to execute the important 
expedition, and determined, notwithstanding the horrid 
neglect in not furnishing ue with Provisions, Horsefl &c. 
sufficient to enable us to carry thro' the expedition, even to 
proceed on with the scanty pittance, and accomplish the 
arduous task of destroying the whole Serwca Country, 

Thursday September 9^, 

On account of a number of Pack-horses, which had gone 
astray A could not be found, the Anny did not march at 
6 o'clock, agreeable to yesterdays orders. 

A command of 60 Men under a Captain returnM from 
the place to Tioga to Escort the sick and those who were 
not able to proceed without retarding the March of the 
Army, which is now under the necessity, on account of 
our wants, to be as expeditious as possible, to complete the 
Expedition. All those Pack-horses which were lame or 
otherwise reduc'd, likewise returned. 

About 12 o'clock the Army march*d, their first rout 
was over bushy land, interspers'd with remarkable high wild 
grass, and appeared to have been formerly clear'd, we then 
decended into an extensive Maple Swamp, which was very 
rich, and well calculated for Meadow, after Marching Seven 
Miles, we came to a Creek known by the name of FlmU 
creA% which the whole excepting Clintons Brigade cross'd, 
and Encamped on a plain which had been occupy 'd by the 
Enemy but a few days before, for the same purpose. Dis- 
tance of March 7 miles. 

The rifle-corps, who yesterday went to destroy Gaf/hsiurt(fa^ 
this evening return'd, they report it was a fine Town, well 
improov'd, with a great quantity of Com near the same, 
likewise an abundance of Beans, Water mellons, Pe^iches 






' /-■' '■ 

■:: A ■ 

i \ 

> ,» 

Colonel Hubleys Journal, 1779. 


Saturday September 11^, 

Agreeable to ordere took up our \mt of march this morn- 
ing precisely at 6 o'clock^ we inoov'd thro* a thicket & 
Swamp, near one Mile before we gaiu'd the Main path, the 
Infantry on account of this difficult Swamp could not 
possibly march in the usual order without being consider- 
ably dispers'd. We moov'd along this path for about 3 
Miles, after which we asecended a rising ground, the 
Country remarkable fine & rich covered chiefly with fine 
Oak & hickory timber, at intervals we crossed considerable 
clear fields with remarkable high mid grass, about one 
o'clock we dessended into a most beautiful Valley within 
one Mile of an Indian Village known by the name of 
Anyayca^ situate on a fine plain about half a mile of 
Anyayea Lake^ which is but small and very beautiful, and 
abounds with all kinds of fish. This Town contains about 
twelve houses, chiefly hewn Logs, about it are several large 
Cornfields, and a number of Apple & other fruit trees. 
We encamped about 2 o'clock for this day, after compleating 
a march of 13 Miles. 

Sunday September I£^. 

In order to expedite our March and prevent the Enemy 
from making oflT with their EflTects from Jeime^ their 
Capital and last Town in the Seneca Country, It was 
determined a Garrison of 50 Men, with those soldier who 
were not very able to march, should continue at this post, 
in order to Guard Our Stores viz* Ammunition k flour, 
untill our return. 

The rain having set in very heavy this morning, we 
could not moove untill about 12 o'clock we then began our 
March, but on account of a defile which we had to cross, 
could not march in the usual order, after passing the same, 
we took up our line of March as usual, and assended a 
rising piece of Ground, ai\er marching about 5 mile we 
came to a Lake w** we cross'd at the Mouth, being about 


Colonel Bvbhy*8 Journal, 1779, 

knee deep & about 10 yards over, we then aBAcendeil 
another rising piece of Ground, conipos'd of exceeding fine 
rich hind, witlj hirge Oak & Hickory Timber, and at inter- 
vals with Marsh or Swanips^ %vell ralcnilated for Meadow 
Ground, After arriving within Indf a mile of Kannfjhsas^ 
a small Indian Village (which was previouwly destined for 
this days marcli) Night sett in and the Main Army being 
at least a Mile in our rear we received orders to Encamp, 
for this niglit, which was in the Woods and exceedingly ill 
calculated for that purpose no Water being nearer than 
lialf a Mile. This days march compleated 12 Miles. 

After we were Encarap'd Lieut. Boyd of the Rifle corps 
some Volunteers & as many rifle men as made up six & 
twenty in the whole set of to Reconoitre the town of Jmese^ 
having for their Guide an Onieada Itullan named Hnn-joii^ 
a chief of that Tribe, who has been remarkable for his 
attachment to this Country having serv'd as a Volunteer 
since the commencement of the War. 

Monday Septemher 13^, 

This morning before daylight the general beat on whic^h 
the Tents were immediately struck and in half an hour the 
Army march'd into the Town of Kanaghsas which con- 
tain'd about 10 houses, situate in a flat near the Head of a 
small Lake, Tlie flat containM a great quantity of Corn A 
Vegetables of all kinds, which was remarkably well tended. 
At this place we halted to draw provisions dry beef (lialf 
allowance) and destroy the Corn & Town Ac* 

Foot Men of Lieut, Boyds party this morning returned 
bringing information of the Town of Gaghsuguilahery (which 
they took for Jenesie) being abandoned about 12 o'clock we 
w^ere alarm'd by some Lidians firing and giving chase to 
M' Lodge and a few men who went forward to Survey^ 
they wounded a Corp' who died next day and chac*d him 
until] one of our Camp Continels firM on them and stop'd 
their career. 

Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779, 


the Corn Ac in this neighbourhood, and the Army prepared 
for a march early tomorrow morning, 

VariouB oppinions prevailed between many officers about 
oar proceeding any fiirther, on account of our Provisions, 
but Gen* Sullivan with a number of officers, nobly resolv'd 
to encounter every difficulty, to execute the important 
expedition, and determin'd, notwithstanding the horrid 
neglect in not furnishing us with Provisions, IIorseB &C. 
sufficient to enable us to carry thro' the expedition, even to 
proceed on with the scanty pittance, and accompIiBh the 
arduous task of destroying the wliole Semm Comity, 

Thursday SeptcmUT P'*, 

On account of a number of Pack-horses, which had gone 
astray k could not be found, the Army did not march at 
6 o'clock, agreeable to yesterdays orders, 

A command of 50 Men under a Captain returned frora 
the place to Tioga to Escort the sick and those who were 
not able to proceed without retarding the March of the 
Army, which is now under the neceseit}-, on account of 
our w^ants, to be as expeditious as possible, to complete the 
Expedition. All those Pack-horses which were lame or 
otherwise reduc'd, likewise returned. 

About 12 o'clock the Army march'd, their first rout 
was over bushy land, interspers'd with remarkable high wild 
gra», and appeared to have been formerly clearM, we then 
decended into an extensive Maple Swamp, which was very 
rich, and well calculated for Meadow, after Marching Seven 
Miles, we came to a Creek kno^vn by the name of Flint- 
creek^ which the whole excepting Clintons Brigade croes'd, 
and Encamp'd on a plain which had been occupy'd bj- the 
Enemy but a few days before, for the same purpose. Dis- 
tance of March 7 miles, 

The ri tie-corps, who yesterday went to destroy Gaffhsimiga^ 
this evening retum'd, they report it was a tine Town, well 
improov'd, with a great quantity of Corn near the same, 
likewise an abundance of Beans, Water mellons, Peaches 


Colonel Uuhley^s Jourtial, 1779. 

and all kinds of Vegetablea, the whole of which they totalj* 

Friday September 10^. 

Eight o'clock this morning, the Army took up their line of 
March in the usual order, their rout about 4 mile continued 
through the Swamp, which in some places was miry & 
difBcult for pack-horaes, otherv^nse the foot would not have 
been much retarded. We then arriv*d on very fine ground 
for marching, which to appearance was old cleared fields, 
as they contained a great quantity of Wild grajBs ae high aa 
the Uorses in many places the land continued in this 
manner (ultcrnati%^ely having a strip of Woode between), 
for about four Miles when we arrived at a Lake (the name I 
could not learn), which appeared to be a mile wide, and six 
or seven miles in length we march'd half a Mile along 
this lake and came to the mouth which we cross'd, the 
Water not knee deep, and about thirty yards over but it 
narrowed so fast that about twenty yards from the Mouth 
it was not in Width more than five, but much deeper, we then 
moovVl up a fine country from the Lake and iti half a mile 
came to Kanadalaaqim a beautiful situated Town containing 
between twenty k thirty Houses, well finish 'd chiefly of 
hewn plank which we immediately bum'd, and proceeded 
about half a mile on our right, where we found large fields 
of Com, Scpuishes, Beans Ac. at this place we encamped 
but were very bad olf for Water, having none but what we 
sent half a mite for, and that very bad. The 8eneca 
Country frtmi ita extreme flatness has no good Springs, 
which is extremely disagreeable for a Marching Army. 
Distiince of March this day nine Miles. 

In this town u dog was bung up, with a string of Wampum 
round his neck, on a tree curiously decorated, and trira'd* 
On inquiry I was informed it was a custom among the 
Savages before they went to War to offer this as a sacra- 
tice to Mars the God of War, and praying that he might 
strengthen thenu In return for tliose favours they promise 
to present him, with the skin for a Tobaccoe Pouch. 

Colonel Buhley's Journal, 1779. 


the Corn Ac in this neighbourhood, and the Army prepared 
for a raareh earlj tomorrow morning. 

Various oppinione prevailed between many oflScers about 
our proceeding any fiirther, on account of our Provisions, 
but Gen' Sullivan with a number of officerB, nobly resolv*d 
to encounter every difficulty, to execute the important 
expedition, and determined, notwithstanding the horrid 
neglect in not furnishing us i^ith Provisions, IIorBeB &c, 
sufficient to enable us to carry thro' the expedition, even to 
proceed on with the scanty pittance, and accomplish the 
arduous task of destroying the whole Seneca Qmntrg, 

Thursday September P**. 

On account of a number of Pack-horsee, which had gone 
astray ft could not be found, the Army did not march at 
6 o'clock, agreeable to yesterdays orders. 

A command of 50 Men under a Captain returned from 
the place to Tioga to Escort the sick and those who were 
not able to proceed without retarding the March of the 
Army, which is now under the necessity, on account of 
our wants, to be aa e3q)edition6 as possible, to complete the 
Expedition. All those Pack-horses which were lame or 
otherwise reduced, likewise return-d. 

About 12 o'clock the Army march'd, their first rout 
was over bushy land, iuterapers'd with remarkable high wild 
graas, and appearM to have been formerly elear'd, we then 
decended into an extensive Maple Swamp, which was very 
rich, and well calculated for Meadow, after Marching Seven 
Miles, we came to a Creek known by the name of Flint- 
creek^ which the whole excepting Clintons Brigade crossed, 
and Encamp'd on a plain which had been occupy'd by the 
Enemy but a few days before, for the same purpose. Dis- 
tance of March 7 miles. 

The rifle-corpe, who yesterday went to destroy Goffhituiga, 
this evening returned, they report it was a fine Town, well 
improov'd, with a great quantity of Corn near the same, 
likewise an abundance of Beans, Water mellons, Peaches 

304 Letters of William Penn. 

the least respect or Salute or testemony of it since my 
leaveing of you, I hope it is from the little want you have 
of me^ which would be an exceeding joy to me, for if it 
should be from forgettfulness of me or remissness in y* duty 
to Goverm^ I should be not a little Greived. I cannot, I 
dare not commend my skill, but my good will I am bold to 
say has been towards you with strong desires for y* pros- 
perity. I earnestly press to be with you but much ag^ my 
inclinations am kept back, k still may be some months, 
whatever you do, keep up vertue, punish vice, cherrish the 
people, be kinde to straingers, k above all lett ye widdow 
k orphant be your care, k god y^ is above man k has all 
pow'r in his hand, will bless k keep you, k I beseech him 
to do it. Two things I recommend to you, the demolishing, 
or rather filling up of those caves, k y* publick supply, ye is 
debtor enough to my circumstances. The Bearer hereof is 
a sober and ingeneous man, a lawyer, bred k of use to you, 
I have commis' him Attorney Genl of y* Province may 
encourage him and as he deserves so preferr him. I say no 
more but y^ I am 

Your Friend to love & serve 
you in y* true end of my 
For the Prosid* and place & station, 

the Provinmall Oouns*" Wm. Pbnn. 

at Philadelphia, 
by David Loyd. 


25.b 7-10 1686— 
FRmrnB — 

My last went by Cap^ Dymond who I hear is well arrived. 
I intended you no more, for I resolved to have been the 
messenger of my own minde, but since the letters from the 
Province make so great a noise of the slight your neigh- 
bours make of the king's order to settle our limitts, tho. I 
had determined to have come by this ship, I thought it 
most fitt to have such an express Authority as should over- 
ule and silence their objections, for being come on that 

\. -"^ 

806 Letters of William Penn. 

y* Kingdoms & Provinces of the whole earth. Salute me 
to the people in some publiek ordinance, & inform them of 
my stay & y* reasons of it, & my Inclinations & resolutions 
to be with you God permitting, by the first This I mention 
be cause of y* impatiency of some for my return ; but leave 
it to you to do it or not to do it, as you see an occasion for 
it, or no need of it 

I did in my last mention the caves, the time is more then 
expired y* I gave them, wherefore stop them up, only 
accommodate strangers at first comeing especially y* poor, 
gratis, lett the sed pay moderately if any desire them. 

I have no more, but the remembrance of my reall love to 
you, with fervent desires for y' prosperity everyway as my 
own, and when I say you, I mean the people in you, whom 
you represent Gk>d direct you, I am 
Your reall 

For the Pres** Wm. Pbnn. 

and Provinciall 

Oouncell off 

Pennsylvania at 


The Sings absence by Progress shutting up all ofiices noth- 
ing can yet be done in our business, vale. 

FRiniDS : — 

I greet you all witli unfeined love, desiring your pros- 
peiily every way as myne own. 

That which occasions this to you, is the continuall care 
that possesses my heart for your wise, just & dilligent 
administration of tlie Goverm* that is in your hands, for I 
well know the success of that Province is sufiiciently watcht 
by friends & foes, & it much depends upon thoe in powr, 
for I never heard of a Country used one nor made without 
them. Where a Magistracy is a terror to the evill doer & 

Colonel Huhhys Journal, 7779. 


the Corn Ac in this iieighhoiirhood, aiRl the Army prepar*d 
for a march early t4:>niorrow morning. 

Various oppinions prevaiFd hetween many officers about 
onr proceeding any fiirther, on account of onr Pro^neions, 
but Gen' Sullivan with a number of officers, nobly reeolv'd 
to encounter every difficulty, to execute the important 
expedition, and determin'd, notwithstanding the horrid 
neglect in not furnishing us vnth Provisioned Ilorses Ac. 
sufficient to enable us to carry thro' the expedition, even to 
proceed on with the scanty pittance, and accomplish the 
arduous task of destroying the whole Seneca Chuntrif, 

Thursday Septeml^er 9K 

On account of a number of Pack-horeee, which had gone 
Bdtray k could not l>e found, the Army did not march at 
6 o'clock, agreeable to yesterdays orders. 

A command of 50 Men under a Captain returned from 
the place to Tioga to Escort the sick and those who were 
not able to proceed without retarding the March of the 
Army, which is now under the necessity, on account of 
our wants, to be as expeditious as posstble, to complete the 
Expedition, All those Pack-horses which were lame or 
otherwise reduced, likewise returned. 

About 12 o'clock the Army march'd, their first rout 
was over bushy land, interapers'd with remarkable high wild 
grass, and appeared to have been formerly cleared, we then 
deceuded into an extenftive Maple Swamp, which was very 
rich, and well calculated for Meadow, after Marching Seven 
Miles, we came to a Creek known by the name of Flint' 
o'eek, which the whole excepting Clintons Brigade cross'd, 
and Encamp'd on a plain which had been occupy *d by the 
Enemy but a few days before, for the same purpose. Dis- 
tance of March 7 miles* 

The rifle-corps, who yesterday went to destroy Gaghdunga^ 
this evening returned, they report it was a fine Town, well 
improov'd, vnth a great quantity of Corn near the same, 
likewise an abundance of Beans, Water mellous, Peaches 


Colonel Ilubley's Journal, 1779. 

and all kinds of Vegetables, the whole of which they totaljr 

Friday September 10^, 

Eight o'clock this niuniing, the Army took up their line of 
March in the usual order, their rout about 4 mile continued 
through the Swamp, which in 8ome places was miry & 
dilficult for pack-horses, otherwise the foot would not have 
been much retarded. We tlien arriv'd on very fine ground 
for marching, which to appearance waa old clear'd fields, 
a^ they contain 'd a great quantity of Wild grass as high «d 
the Uorses in many places tbe land continued in this 
manner (alternatively having a strip of Woods between), 
for about four Miles when we arrived at a Lake (the name I 
could not learn), which appeared to be a n»ile wide, and six 
or seven miles in length we marched half a Mile along 
this lake and came to the mouth which we croes'd, the 
Water not knee deep, and about thirty yards over but it 
luirrowed so ftist tliat about twenty yards from the Mouth 
it was not in Width mure than five, but much deeper, we then 
moov'd up a fine country from the Lake and in half a mile 
carne to Kanmtalaaqim a beautiful situated Town containing 
betw^een twenty k thirty Houses, well finish'd chiefly of 
hewn plank which we immediately burn*d, and proceeded 
al>out half a mile on our right, where we found large fields 
of Corn, Squashes, Beans kn. at this place we encamped 
but were very bad oft' for Water, haNnng none but what we 
sent half a mile for, and that very bad* The Seneca 
Country from its extreme flatness has no good Springs, 
which is extremely disagreeable for a Marching Army. 
Distance of March this day nine Miles. 

In this town a dog was hung up, with a string of Wampum 
round hie neck, on a tree curiously decorated, and trim'd. 
On inquiry I was informed it was a custom among the 
Savages before they went to War to ofter this as a sacrar 
fice to Mars the God of War, and praying that he might 
strengthen them. Li return for those favours they promise 
to present him, wnth the skin for a Tobaccoe Pouch. 


Letters of WUliam Petm, 

run away. That yuu ahutt up y" caves of Philadelphiii to 
prevent eluiideetiiie luusness, and Stier up y' MagiBtrates to 
minde sobriety there 4 every where, that by a coruBcieiittoua 
discharge of your duty to god and man, you may provoak 
i*ther8 to do the like in their inferior stations, for since 
people are leas under Notice & ao more left to theraselvea 
in the wildcniesB of Anterica, then in the» more {ilunted A 
erowded parts of y* world, so they have more need to watch 
over tliembolvtt* k beeonie a law to tliemselves, that tlio 
great god by whom we live, move k have our being, may 
nut he provuked to desert tis, but by a virtuous regard of 
his biet^aed A: cternall law in our hearts, ^ve may engage bia 
povvr & goodness in our preservation k succeBB, that happy 
days we may live k good deaths we may dye, & finde a 
better world when we shall leave this & be here no more bo 
pmya and would hope 

Your truly loveing Friend 

Wm. Pexn. 
To The Couucill 1686. 


Dkau Robert Tuhnkr, — 

With my dear k ancient love In the truth to thee & 
thyn, and all y' truly love & feare the Lord, know this is 
cheifly to inclose a lett' from G. F. to y* I haveing writt 
largely and fully by Ed. Blackfan, & I hope w* I have said 
tlierein will not be nnitter of grief to tliee I suiipose tliou art 
married, I wnsh thee comfort every way, I think her a sober 
and accomplisht young woman. The Lord bless you k all 
his people w'*' his grace Mercy & peace, y' you may flourish 
to his praise & y' great rejoyceing. 

I desire to take care my letter now sent to be read and 
observed, my present condition either its to my privat aflaires 
or y" publick, in w*'^ I have had no little concern of h*te, at 
present are a stop to me, Frda unwilling k y' K. k some 
of liis Ministers not very euclinable to part w**" me till this 
Liberty of Conscience be eatablished by an apeal of all thos 

Letters of William Penn, 


law8 ye K* has so tenderly suspended ; but this to thy selfe, 
I sent T. Loyd for Frds. y* declaration some addresses & 
Pamphletts written on this occasion for y' Inforraatiou to 
w*^ I referr thee. Meetings never larger nor better, a 
blessed Gen" meeting this year. I shall add no more here, 
but my sincere love and y* I am 

Thy Cordiall Frd. 

Wm. Pknn. 
My wife's love is to 
y k thyne & Moth' 

P,S ; — ^I would not have thee make words about Q. F*9 
words of Tho, Budd, had I been w'** him he had lett it 
alone for tho Thomas w^as rash in a passage or two, yet y* 
book ia universally liked as to American matters, but G. 
has been disturbed partly by 8. J & T. B' standing agst. 
Bill A him for upholding him k partly by y* Gen*' enimys 
America but for y' other matter they are well and it is his 
proper element, in w** he has his honour of thos y* honour 
God. Vale. 

25* of ye 7"* moneth 1689 

Next to the grief y* has afflicted me, by reason of Mis- 
understanding between thee & my friends, that of being not 
able to tell you both so, has been y* greatest for about 4 
dajns after y* Pensylvania Merch* sayled away an embargo 
came out and by it and y* want of man by reason ot y* 
great pre^ for y* navy (being a war with France on y* score 
of this revolution) the trj*al has not been able to get away, 
in the mean time many letters from thee and other friends 
are come to my hands, and several people arrived, by all 
which I see all my hopes frustrated and y' dawuings I had of 
an happy agreement betw^een thee and my friends^ overcast 
with y* sharpest animosity imaginable, which is so much y* 
more unhappy as it has gratify ed our emulous nighbours 
with occasion to toss us about here into many places and 
companys, with some contempts and my circumstannes 


Letters of William Penn, 

being not bo sliining as a while since my eneznys to be sure 
have made y* worse of it. The ConsiderRtion of this and 
thy repeated desire to leave a station that is so uneasy to 
keep and to execute, hath att last brought me to resolve 
though with some reluctance to aniwer thy request and ease 
thee of that burden, but upon y* terms of taking thee to 
myself for ailer y* Idea I conceived of Cap* Blackwell as an 
honest, virtuous & able officer in government, I cannot 
bring myself to lett him goe, and if I have any power with 
him, let something else entertaine him, against y* natural or 
other inconveniences of y' place, and y* country to be short 
and free to, I have sent two commissions about settling y* 
government there in Condition, that may please y* gener- 
ality, let them be the chosers, either of them shall satisfy 
me, for thyself, I have made thee my Receiver general of 
y* Province and territorys, which in my opinion is a better 
condition of life, considering y* little occasion of expencea, 
there will be in y' discharge of those trusts. 

I therefore desire thee to quit that place thou art in, 
as a man that sought it, and let y' Prov. Conn" know 
as much, and betake thyself with an Equal Zeal and 
diligence to y* other employment, and let me see some 
face of my poor affairs of wliich I have not recovered 
one tittle or farthings my lot having been hitherto to 
get nothing from thence but bills of exchange, which with 
diflSculty I got pay'd, 

I both desire and empower thee to be supervisor of my 
plantations, houses, servants, stock, growths and emprove- 
mentfl, and to direct my people what to doo therein, in 
which I dessign only to secure and preserve what is done, 
and finish what is begun for having lost att present my 
Irish Estate, and receiving not a penny from the exchequer 
since this revolution, I must be as thrifty as is possible, 
especially having some debts upon me. 

If it be agreeable to thee to live at my plantations, the 
house and gardens are at thy service, but what fruits or 
roots are not used I would have the gardener that is coming 

Letters of William Perm, 


over (not y' same) to diapose of them as advantageously m 
he can for my use, 

I would have but a little family, indeed none but y* 
blacks and one I send with y* gardner for that wou*d but 
draw guests, thou will find a small stock there I fear, to 
what I left, pray inquire into all and let me have an exact 
accoumpt, sparing no body for Nation, Religion or relation. 
Capt'* Blackwell I remember thee as a man that hath had 
a savour of Religion of old Days, that I must not forget 
and lett despite thou art also a man of repute with those 
that know thee, and has had a caracter of a superior sort, 
as all this I confide in thee, and desire to continue thee if 
thou pleasest be as kind to all as thou Canst with justice, 
divulge not the state of my private affairs now committed 
to thee till I know all, unless the parties concern*d are 
unreasonable and even then bo judiciously rather then 
reseentingly firm, bear this from me for I am thus plain 
because I love thee much, and remember that I tell thee 
that a reserved behaviour and an intereness to thy present 
trust wilt be an indication to thee above Volumes, and shew 
thee in an aimable Colour, it will be thy turn then to see 
faults and thy abilities will shine less emulously in this 
third capacity. 

My cosen Blaekfan cometh not, but hath sent to y* 
account of things at Pennsbury as Receiver General, which 
is to be treasurer of our small treasure, take an account of 
all my demeans and moveables, as well as of all my rents, 
fines 4i:c, by y* Secret^* office, and that of y* Survey' and 
Master of y* Roles & thou wilt be able to make a right 
charge upon y* tenants, and consequently a true rent Role ; 
and for the ould inhabitanti? they must be summoned by an 
order from y* Commiss" to bring in a true account of their 
several holdings by which tho wilt and y* old records be 
enabled to charge them and compleat the Rols, I remember 
Capt"* Markam once since I came, sent me a handsome 
list, but it might not be perfect, especially now, for that 
was soon after his last arrival, things have been very rare 


Letters of WiUmm Perm, 

about my stores, as well as rente ; revew all and bring things 
into a plain account and method, and of that I shall say no 
more here. 

For }*" Register Generals place thou wilt find I have left 
great room, and it will be y foundation for thy desirable 
bank, and many things may be with time grafted uj^on 
it, I wish thee a Comfortable advantage in it, by a good 
improvement of it. Thy old friend Roberts as a token of 
hia friendship wouVl present thee with some model for y* 
better regulating our little revenue which cometh here 
with, I leave it to thy judgement and experience to add, 
diminish or to change but the fault I find is, it is too im- 
proved for our noneage and early time of y* day, yet y* 
Provincial judges may serve for y" Chamber, as he calls it, 
the Secretary may draw draughts instead of an atturney, y* 
M' of y' Roles may be y* Auditor general and thou art y' 
Receiver General which the last named is y* first in qualitj% 
but if y* checks be fewer, and it lye in a narrower Compatt 
it may doo very well, of which I know thou art an able 

I have also an interest in both y' Jersyes, in West Jersey, 
besides my concern in Salem a tenth (managed by one 
James Nevel a shrewd man, and who cometh under the 
Province) I have two proprieties in right of Will Hague & 
Da^^ Waite of London and I would have my share of each 
propriety taken up, though it were remotely, provided y* 
same were near navigation att least for one propriety and 
y* Land of y* other any where in a good place up y*' freshes. 
Li Eaiit Jersey one Cap : Berry will assist where I have ^^ 
of the whole, give him my Salutes and let him know that I 
recommend liis request to y* proprietors Lest he hath my 
order to take up my proportion, I know not what he has 
done in it, this I press but in ye Second plat^e yet it will 
very naturally fall under the Care of a Receiver and over- 
seer general. 

I must recommend to ye government the Case ot the 
widdows Jeli'and Whitpainein which believe me y* honour 

Letters of William Penn. 


of y* Province \b deeply concerned, especially the last, 
becauae of her husbands Creditors whose expectations are 
tniicli from you there. 

Sam*^ Bersant left a Child there, that was att my charges, 
but I think it must he maintained by the Conmiuoity, it la 
y* Grand Mothers desire lie should be sent over by y* first 
opportunity that is safe as if there Cometh a fleat with a 
Convoy from Virginia or New York or y* like. 

Being ray receiver general I need not to recommend thee 
the payeraeiit of thy self which Indeed I had ordered my 
Cosen Blackfan had he gone, as now by long delays and 
his wife's indisposition he deelineth,but if thou canst get y* 
people to pay j^, as in justice they ought, it would be the 
better att leaat out of the 600 lb. they owe me. I desire thee 
to press that upon them as a debt due upon publick faith, ad 
thou art my receiver general 

I shall conclude with my fervent resolution to be with you 
by Gods help, by y* very first door that his Providence 
opens, and with syncere prayers to God for all your pros- 
perity wishing peace and happiness to abound among you. 

Thy reall k affect Frd. 
Captaink Blackwbll. Wm, Pbnn. 

London 15'** 7"^ 90, 


It is very strange to me and all else I have not heard a 
word from you since the chainge of affairs there, I know 
not what to term it, till I know the cause. I cannot learn 
ther were any letters in the tryall for me (w^** is taken pp. 3-* 
french) so yt I am wholy in the dark nor has gener' Mark- 
ham given me any account of the province thes twelve 
months past, tho I have writt by every opertunity I knew 
off I cannot finde that either Doctor Cox or Ld. Baltimore 
are so used. I shall say nothing of business for many reasons 
till I hear from you, but I am well and at Liberty and wish 
you heartily well, y* piety peace & plenty may attend you 
whatever I lose or sufiPer by this voyage for England ft stay 


Ters of William Penn. 

here w*** le bo farr from my choice that it is & has been y* 
affliction of my Spirit m often as I have had it in my minde 
k yt 18 dayly, I think I may aay I am 

Your true Frd 

Wm* Pbnn* 
P»S. pray reflect upon y* hardship I am under about Capt 
Blackwelle 3 bills of exchainge for y* residue of hia salery 
who had never choee him. If all others had not refused 
y* were fitt for it. If you will pay nothing of it, pray lett 
6 years quit rents, yt amount to above 2000 lb* a great deal, 
be able to do it without Buifering me to be ground i opprest 
w*^ yt demand here yt borrow my bread to live by means I 
can get nothing thence & my estate in Irland of 1000 lb, 
of ould rents has for neer two years yeilded me not a 
penny as I may say lett me desire you to finde out some 
way to make me easy remember ye 600 lb. & your promese 
of assisting me in this journey, I mean not all y* time of 
my being here, ye minutes of your book will explaine it. 
y* Lord direct & preserve you. You are happy if you 
knew it I am &c 

W. P. 

London lOmo. 4*'' day 1690 
Ebtbembb Fbibnds* 

I greet you all A wish you heartily well the Bearer I 
send y* he may look after my house & gardens &c, to see 
y* things be kept in some degree of orders. He will be in- 
dustrious and careful, & w"* y* blacks or black there keep 
themselves upon y* plantation 4 to Bpare. He may also 
help Keith to gather in y* rents to save charges w*'' I once 
more press you to put Sam'* Jenings to get In w*** all speed 
k to be improved at this time of Islands Low & miserable 
estate by a quick market to y' Islands Ac : Lett the Bearer 
John Phille have a copy of y* part of Sam** Jenings Instruc- 
tions w*** relates to y* houses gardens 4c at Pennsberry. I 
intend to give him five pounds this raony yearly or after 
y' first year, he is to serve me four years for I pay his pass- 

Letters of William Penn. 


age but of this you need say little to him. 1 have writt at 
large by G. Hethcot to you & ye Goverm* w*** I hope will 
finde you all well as they left me every day makes me wish 
nie k myn more & more w"* you, for a dark cloud hanga 
over these parts also I will add no raore» but my unfeined 
love to you & friends, k ye people in general!, remaining 

Your true Friend 
Wm, Penn. 
P. 8. 

I was cleered at Westminster again ye 28. 9mo, & 2 or 
3000 more tho y* man be ancient he is fresh k trusty k 
atayd w*** is much, I am willing ould John go. I sent him a 
token by G* Hethcot — ^j'rs. 
To my trusty and Beloved 
ftViends Wm. Markham 
Kt, Turner, John Qoodson & 
Sam" Carpenter com" of 
Propriety at Philadelphia. 

Eno- IS'** 4 rao. 91 


I was very perticular to you in Myn last winter, & shall 
only add that I desire your great care & dilligenoe in 
generall according to directions already given. And be not 
weary for I hope it is & will one day appear a well doing, to 
be helpfull to me especially at this Juncture, The Right- 
eous god knows, I stayd here to do good yt others as well 
UA myselfe & more then myselfe thought nobody else could 
do 80 well, or I had mad easy shift back to y* Poor people 
it my own Languishing Interests when I t-ook back. I am 
ready to say w*" myn & the Country by my not being with 
y'" all this while yee god can he sees no base, sinister or 
evil designes or Interests have sway'd or governed me 
therein to whose hand I submit in my present circumstances 
& upon w*^ I only rely to be discharged from y"** 

My love to y* People, be not at all daunted, but goe on 
as before & perticularly eye my childrens Interest. Live in 

818 Letters of Wittiam Perm. 

Love & let virtue & indlBtry thrive among you & myselfe. 
I have many enimys but some frds. & ye one are so as much 
of Ignorance as Spright & y* other know me, & by patience 
& time (I doubt not but) Qod will clear up my Innocency 
& show I am more deserveing then culpable. I have writt 
to y* Goverm^ read theirs & lett y"" read this. Avoid all 
charges up hold w* is, but as in my last augment nothing at 
y* plantation ther is a groundwork already for much con- 
trivance & expence when I am there w^ nothing shall 
terrefy me or allure me from, when it shall please Gk)d to 
free me from my present trouble. I add no more but my 
unfeined love & y^ I am, sincerely 

Your Loveing frd 

Wm. Pbnn. 

(To be continued.) 

Letters of Thomas WhaHon, 177S-178S. 



[The Hifitoricftl Society of Penmiylvatiia has recently received, by gift 
of Mr«. Bttlly Fiaher Lewis, h valuaible coUection of letter-books, docu- 
men Is, and tniBcellaneous m&noscripta, belonging to Thomas Wharton, 
a prominent merchant of Philadelphia* The letter- books are of esperial 
interest, for they contain much data that relate to social and political 
afiairs of the Prorince ; to the extensive land enterprises in which Mr. 
Wharton, his brothers, and his friends were interested ; and to some 
facts connected with the return of the '* Tea Sbip " to England.] 

Philadelphia Nov. 30, 1773. 
Deak Bbothek, 

I wrote thee on the 19**" Inet : under cover to 
our friend Strahan via Liverpool, which I hope will come 
safe to hand^ as it contained some matters I couM wish thee 
to be informed of, since when I have not had the pleasure 
of receiving any oi' thy favours. By the Reports here 
gpread, we are told, that the Tea-Ship for this port sailed 
the 27**" September, and is therefore hourly looked for; 
this occasions severe epeechea and Declarations, that, it 
never shall be landed, and threats are throw'd out, of 
destroying the property; to such a pitch of zeal are some 
people raised, that I fear the worst. The last Post brought 
information, that, on Governor Tryon's declaring he had 
received ordere to land and protect it, the inhabitants of 
New York have entered into a resolution not to injure the 
Property, but that they will neither buy nor use it, the 
Agents are all compelled to an absolute Resignation, and I 
have been assured that letters from thence say that^ when 
Kelly's Effigy was carrying about and hung, B. B. stood a 
most miserable chance of sharing the same fete, but was 
saved by the Mayor and some more Magistrates, who went 

320 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-178S. 

to his asBiBtaiice. What will be the isBue here I know not, 
for it does not seem to me that there is resolution enough 
in the Executive branch of Qovernmeot to protect the 
Property. I really dread the worst. As for J & D they 
are in a bad situation and have do chance of saving them- 
selves but by an absolute Resignation and add to that they 
have lost the affection of their fellow Citizens by their want 
of an explicit conduct, I wish thou could learn of Pigon 
w^hat they have from time to time wrote, and if possible get 
extracts thereof. 

Since my last, to secure an habitation for sister I have 
bought John Malcolm's house and lots for £1550*, the deed 
I expect will be signed tomorrow, and I shall pay a £1000. 
down, and £250. in 12 months, and £300. in 24 months, 
this I mean solely for thou knows who; I am assured tlie 
house cost him £2500 and is better furnished than most 
houfles in the city. I hope it will prove an acceptable act. 

G. Morgan returned a few days since from fort Pitt» and 
say that G. Croghan had held a kind of a treaty with the 
Indians and was distributing of goods to themf which he 
says, he was told by a person who saw the letter, were 
purchased in consequence of a letter sent him by you, 
signed by L* G., L^ C, T. Walpole, thyself and two others 
— that the Indians were very peaceable. 

J. Oubson is now here having sent for him to take up 
some money to G. Croghan to defray Uie provisions accounts 
of those Indians, and he having lately seen some very 
substantial persons lately returned from that country, is 
assured that the country is thickly settled for 150 miles 
below fort Pitt, they have erected two good Grist Mills, 
and have large quantities of winter grain in the ground. 

Some companies have (its said) located large tracts, the 
Principals of which reside in this city. 

As I fear much trouble from the surveys which Col, 
Washington has made about the great Kenhawa, I beg thy 
particular attention thereto, and that thou'^ obtain from 
Goverimient such orders as shall settle clearly his claims 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-17SS, 321 

with h11 others who have lately made their surveys, aa be 
aaaured many score thousand acres hav^e withhi these few 
months been surveyed below the Scales* 

As nothing tiiat I know of can no greatly advance the 
sale of the lands as a Loan OflSce, it would certainly be of 
the greatest consequence to settle this point with our great 
partners before thou leaves England, that they may give 
such assistance as lays in their power, and if possible obtain 
leave for the Governor to pass such a law. 

Thy family and relations are well, I remain 

thy affec* Bro: — 
To Samubl Whartok. Thomas Wharton. 

Philadelphia Decem\ 24^ 1773. 
Dear Friend, 

The arrival of this days post from N, York brought us 
such accounts from Boston as have alarmed the thoughtful » 
considerate mind, and I am truly sorry that matters have 
been drove to such extremes, as I fear it will tend still fur- 
ther to widen the unhappy breach between the mother 
country and colonies; it is needless for me to enter into a 
detail of the facts, as the enclosed paper setts the transac- 
tion in a clear light* It is positively asserted that the in- 
habitants of N. York are determined the Tea shall not be 
landed with them, notwithstanding Gov^ Tryons intimation 
that it shalL You doubtless will know before this can 
reach you of the conduct of South Carolina, that the agents 
have resigned, and that the ship with the tea sailed from 
thence for London. 

As neither the tea ship for this place or York is yet 
arrived, nothing certain can be said but the best I expect is 
that the Ships will proceed back to England, for I have 
long since seen, that, the attempting to land the same, would 
be the certain loss of the property, And indeed if any thing 
could stimulate me to resign in the early manner I did, it 
was, a belief, that after I had done my duty to my country, 
I could with more certainty and effect, serve the Hon*^** the 
VOL. xxxin*^ — 21 


Letters of Thomas WhaHon, 1 77 S-1 7 83, 

East India Company, Should the intelligence now com- 
municated, not have reached you before this I beg thou'l 
please to take the most early opportunity of informing the 
Hon**'* the Director of it 

I remaio 4c &c, 

Thomas Wharton. 
To TflOMAB Walpole Esq'. 

Philad; Dec: 29, 1778. 


t wrote thee by Campbell on the 25*** A 26*** inst who then 
returned with the writ to remove the action against Major 
Ward into the Supreme Court, and as thou expressed thy 
desire for money to replace what thou had laid out for pro- 
vieionB for those Indians who aaserabled at Fort Pitt I sent 
thee by said Campbell, one hundred and sixty pounds in cash 
to answer that purpose, which I hope will be safely delivered 
to thee with my letters, as therein is said who furniehed it, 

I have now the pleasure to enclose thee a letter from 
Bro : Samuel J which came to hand by the November Packet 
last night He informed me in my letter, that they had ob- 
tained a fresh order of the Privy Council to the Attorney 
General for perfecting the grant, and doubted not that it 
would be soon done, but as I suppose that he has been pretty 
full on this head, I need say no more. He likewise men- 
tioned that he had given this order to draw on me for £150, 
and as I suppose its to repay for the provisions &c : had for 
the Indians, the money we sent by Campbell will answer 
that end* 

I remain thy friend 

Thomas Wharton. 
To George Croohan. 

Phila: January 1, 1774. 
Dear Brother, 

The letters which I have some time since wrote thee, and 
those to the Hon*^'* T. Walpole must have advised you of 

tieUers of Thomas Wharton, 1 77 S-1783. 828 

the dispoeition of the inhabitants of these Coloniea respect- 
ing the tea — I sincerely msh, that no blame may fall on my 
brother, for the part he has taken in the exportation thereof, 
the ar^menta thou had made use of, that the Indian Com- 
pany pay the duty, especially if it could be settled by bills 
drawn on the directors, may look passable to you, but no such 
alternative is admissable by the Americans because they 
contend, that no power on earth has a right to tax them but 
their own Assemblies and as long as the India Company do 
make the duty a part of the first cost (which they have in 
directing that the Bohea tea shall not be sett up to sale 
under 2/ per Sterrg) the people who purchase at that price or 
upwards pay the duty ; these with other reasons have in- 
duced the Americans to give this measure the warmest op- 
position* And although I never could see the justice of 
refusing the tea to be landed, but have in all companies, 
and on every occasion spoke my sentiments, that every 
Englishman has a right to import his property agreeable to 
law into America, and that, the refusing this plain and just 
right to the India Company is a violation of their privileges 
as English subjects — but its to little pur{>ose to oppose the 
voice of the multitude. On the 21** Capt Ayree set sail 
from hence with his ship for London liaving on board the 
exact cargo she left London with, and witli the ship G. 
Barkley returns. He will give thee a very particular ac- 
count how he found matters — I bad only him to write our 
friend Walpole by that vessel » all being very much hurried, 
m the vessel staid but two days witJi us, and as I had not a 
doubt, if thou should be in London when the ship arrived, 
that he would communicate the whole to thee. Indeed my 
hopes for several months past, that tljou had left England 
has caused me to write but little to thee; but aa thoul find. 
by perusal of the letter to T. Walpole my sentimentB re- 
specting some men, and my earnest de^re is (should the 
India Company think fit to send this tea to America after 
the duty is taken oft") that Willing and Morris should be in 
the nomination, that I hope thou*l do all iu thy power to 

324 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 

serve them with Juo Brown, Q. Barclay & I & L W, It has 
afforded me a great deal of pain to see that J. & D. could act 
the ungratefull part they have done, having absolutaly agreed 
with UB to give the answer to the people we did with J. B, 
instead of which they gave so ambiguous an one, as to render 
them dispised by their fellow Citizens; refuse to unite with 
us, either in answering the Directors letter or those received 
from the other Agents at Boston, unlem we would insert 
the dates of our respective resignations, from whence most 
clearly appears their want of candour both to the public and 
the other Agents, as thou'l fully be satisfied with on peru- 
sal of the papers sent to T. Walpole & G. Brown Esq that 
I cannot wish longer to be united with them ; I doubt not 
they have endeavoured to gloss their conduct over \vdth 
Pigon, but let a dispassionate man read their answer, the 
Committees report and J. & D.'s explanation and the Com- 
mittees reply with their last declaration of Dec. 2'''* and de- 
termine whetlier its possible those men have acted a candid 
part either to the public or their fellow agents. I beg 
thou'l know what they write the Directors, and get a copy 
thereof; thou has no conception of the light in which their 
conduct is viewed by the inhabitants ; they never so much as 
offered Capt Ayres the least assistance. We with J. Brown 
advanced him wliat money he wanted to victual his ship, 
Ac: — and as poor Gilbert returns with the Ship, I leave him 
to give the further account of matters. My chariot, though 
it fttiffht be ft to visit Pine Street ineetirig iUy must once more be 
landed in Brittain, and thereby share the same fate with 
every other article on board the ship. I have enclosed the 
bill of lading therefor with the receipt for thy box to our 
friend Walpole, should thou be on the spot I doubt not 
thouM order them as thou'l think best 

I have now the great satisfaction of acknowledging the 
receipt of thy favor of November 8"^ and most sincerely 
congratulate thee on surmounting the new difficulty started 
by the Attor^ General and most ardently wish thou may be 
in possession of the grant, before the arrival of the full 

Letters of Thomaa Wharton, 177S-178S. 325 

accounts respecting the conduct of the Americans touching 
the tea, as I fear it will strengthen our enemies to oppose 
the oorapletion thereof. I hear the Doct has wrote J, G. 
(which I shall as soon as I can see him know the tmth of) 
that if the Americans refuse to receive the tea, but send it 
back, it will more over-sett the ministry tlian any thing that 
could happen, but if they tamely receive the same and 
thereby submit to the duty, it only is the beginning of their 
trouble Ac : — He does not mention one word to Iiim respect- 
ing Vaijdalia> therefore I suppose he had not heard of your 
last move. 

I beg thou'l excuse the roughness of this letter, as its not 
possible for me to copy it, my present engagements public 
& private deprive me of suitable time to do it. Thy family 
are well & I remain 

Thy affec : Brother 

THojtfAS Wharton. 

To Samuel Wharton, 

Philad January 4, 1774. 
Dear Brother, 

I wrote thee per packet and under cover to the Hon**'* 
T. Walpole on the 1'* instant which will naturally make 
this epistle short, yet I thought I could not let the oppor- 
tunity slip without saying thy connections are well. 

By a vessel from Charlestown their appears some reason 
to apprehend the people there will receive the tea, notwith- 
standing the resignation of the Agents 4 positive agreement 
of the people who met together to oppose the receipt of it. 
It here is alledged that the cause of the alteratiun is, their 
fear of losing the bounty on Indigo and that the exports of 
their rice to foreign ports may by Act of Parliament be 
forbidden, This intelligence is not yet reduced to a cer- 
tainty, but I fear as they have admitted the vessel to an 
entry, that, if the opposition to the landing continues, it 
will cause the tea to fare the same fate as at Boston. The 
tea ship for New York was not arrived when last post left 

326 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1788. 

that place ; but there is no reason to believe it will be 
landed. We have the disagreeable news, that the Gov- 
onor's house within the Port of N York is destroyed bj 
fire, and it was mth much difficulty that the family escaped, 

I shall be much obliged if thou can bring me over a 
single man who understands the care of horses, and that of 
driving a carriage with a box, as I stand in need of one, 
I would contract with him for 5 or 6 years and give him 
£15, curr^. per anuni with his accommodations; I would 
not have too tull and lusty, but should prefer a light person^ 
I doubt not thoui attend to his character for honesty and 

Ae Capt Ay res in the t^a ship sett sail from hence on the 
28** ult with his whole cargo a board to return for London, 
I did myself the pleasure of writing to Tho' Walpole by 
her, who I doubt not communicates the contents to thee, I 
shall not now^ enlarge on that subject, 

I have seen Geo. Morgan and read to him tliat part of 
thy letter relative to the accounts against the Crown and 
CoL Wilkin which he has been preparing, but this vessel 
sailing before it was expected, hinders us now of forward- 
ing them. But its right for me to mention that Q- Morgan 
said that those accounts which were delivered to CoK 
Wilkin and by him (he supposes forwarded to Gen^* Gage) 
do not contain by a great deal the amount of your demand 
on the Crown, it will therefore be right for thee to mention 
this at the proper Office, least when those accountts from 
York should get home, they may be passed to your great 

I remain thy affile* Brother 

Thomas Wharton. 

To Samuel Wharton. 

Phila' January 81, 1774, 
Dear friend, 

I did myself the pleasure on the 27*** Dec"* to write thee 
a few lines, since when I am not favored with any of thy 

LeUer9 of Thomas WhaHon, 177S-178S. 


letters ; aa I do aot think it right to suffer a traaBactioii to 
take place, which in its nature has some connection with 
the country we expect to poesess, is the reoaon of my troub- 
ling my honoured friend at this time. 

About a week since an Express arrived from Fort Ligonier 
(53 miles on this side Pittsburgh) to our Govonor acquaint- 
ing him that one Dr. Connelly had publislied an advertise- 
ment there, requesting all the inhabitants of those parts to 
meet him at Fort Pitt on the 25*** January in order that he 
might muster the people, and enrole the Militia, having 
received a conmiission from Lord Dunmore for that purpose, 
and at which time the inhabitants should be further informed 
of what was intended. The Exf>re8a added that it was given 
out that L'* Dunmore had appointed Major Ward, Campbell 
and another person as Magistrates, and that he was deter- 
mined to keep possession of that country as Virginia* This 
account has a good deal alarmed our people; they immedi- 
ately appointed three more magistrates t*> strengthen their 
party; but do not know how to view this affair, for they 
cannot suppose that L^ Dunmore would take this measure 
solely at his own risque, and if it be in consequence of 
orders he has received from home, they conclude a serious 
affair, and that its done by you to keep them from 
possessing the country; others say its a maneuvor of L" 
Hilsborough to grant this part of the country, that, the 
new proprietors may not have it. The last suggestion 
pvea us no concern* as we suppose that nobleman has 
nothing to do with American affairs; but we find our 
property officers look on the matter in so serious a light, 
that an Express went of to L** Dunmore with letters from 
them, in which its said, they very seriously expostulate 
with him on the subject 

We conclude that about this time Capt Ayrea is arrived 
with you, with his cargo of tea &c : and he assured the 
people are anxious to know how this transaction will be 
viewed by our Superiors, A flying report is propogated» 
that the tea is destroyed at South Carolina but I cannot 

828 Letlers of Thomas WhaHon, 177S-t78S. 

credit it. You no doubt will he informed before this can 
reach you tliat the tea put on board Capt Lorings Brig' 
(which vessel waa lost on Cape Cod) is safely stored at Castlt* 
William ; by a letter lately reo* from the Boston agent by 
U9, we find they were still confined at the Castle* 

I cannot help being desirous to know how Dr F, w*ill 
stand his ground, and eupp<3rt the mettsure of the Bostouiana, 
as I presume the ministry can never sutler him to justify, 
and he with his son, at the same time to hold two such 
lucrative offices under the Crown, and if he does not justify 
the measure it may lose him his agency. If some afiairs 
happen, which I think there is a probability of, I doubt his 
being again appointed for this Province. 

I remain with the sincerest desire to render thee any 
acceptable service thy real friend 

Thomas Whartoh. 

PuiLAD* May 2, 1774. 
Dkar Friknd, 

Thy favor of the 8'^ Feb*^ I had the satisfaction of receiv- 
ing by the packet for that month, and am glad to find that 
my several letters mentioning tlw transactions relative to the 
India Coin[)a''* tea were got to hand, and that thou had 
been so obliging as to communicate the necessary parte to 
the I)irect(»r»; my regard to justice and tlie rights of that 
com[iany influenced me to be as early as possible in trans- 
mitting my sentiments, that if possible a stop might have 
been put to the adventure if subject to the payment of a 
duty on this continent, but a^ that was not effected, I should 
be extremely glad, could our Assembly or the inhabitants 
of this city be prevailed on to make a tender of such a sura 
of muney as would reimburse the East India Company for 
the amount they were subject to for the freight of those 
teas, but notwithstanding I have with some others urged 
both the Justice and Policy of tliis measure, I can not 
see at present a probability of its taking place by a subscrip- 
tion among the people, and as our Assembly stand adjourned 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1 77 S-178S. 


till September they will scarce have more time (before the 
new election comes on) than will be enfficient to settle the 
public accounts; what maybe the resolutionB of the new 
House in their Winter Seesions time must tell us — but I may 
venture to aaeure thee and every person in administration, 
that the last resolve which was entered into by those who 
met at the time of Capt Ayre*s arrival, wae at that period, 
and has ever since continued to be very inconsistent with 
the sentiments of the substantial thinking part of our inhabi- 
tants. I have been w^ell assured that this same resolve to 
juetity the conduct of the Bostonians was attempted to be 
carried in the Committee (appointed to attend the te^ con- 
signment) when 10 Gentlemen out 12 of the Committee 
absolutely refused to have it inserted with the other resolves, 
but two of their body determining to involve as far as they 
could the whole continent in the unjustifiable conduct of the 
Bostonians, concluded that at the general meeting one of 
them should call for such a resolve, and the other should 
both put it and support the same, thou art too good a judge 
of mankind to want any further explanation on this head. 
A number of men met with a view to determine a measure 
generally esteemed salutary (which the sending back the tea 
was) are easily led to assent to a 10*** resolve, after 9 had 
been unanimously entered into, without considering the 
force & eftect of such a resolve, and I really believe this to 
have been the real case as to that resolve, because I have 
heard almost every man w*ho has conversed with me on the 
subject, disapprove thereof and declare that the Bostonians 
must and ought to pay the India Company for the tea; 
clear I am that had the property on board Capt Ay res 
belonged to private merchants instead of the India Com- 
pany, it would have shared the very fate it did undergo, 
and that the sending the property back was not occasioned 
by any primary consideration but that of preserving their 
rights and liberties as Englishmen, as the Colonists do con- 
tend that no man or body of men can take their property 
from them, but their own Representatives in Assembly, 

330 Leiters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-178S. 

How long this bone of contention may last ite not easy to 
determine, but I wish with the utmost degree of good will 
and sincerity towards Great Britain and the Colonies, that 
we might to the latest day keep up and preserve that union 
and happy connection which suhsisted before the late un- 
happy Stamp Act J but wlio will undertake and adjust the 
necessary points I cannot tell; but when its considered bow 
extensive the Colonies are; how different in their various 
jurisdictions, and how unhappy a disunion between the 
parent state and them must render every thing — I could 
wish that a Superior Magistrate to that of Governor might 
be appointed by the King to reside on the continent, whose 
duty alone it should be to act in Legislation with a certain 
number of members to be appointed out of and by each 
House of Assembly, composing an Upper house which body 
in conjunction with the King's representatives should have 
power to make laws relative to the General Police of 
America, this I conceive would have a tendency of checking 
a turbulent spirit in any one of the Colonies and give Eng- 
land as well as the Colonies a greater security than they can 
otherwise have. — ^This may be looked upon by our Superiors 
at home as granting the Colonists too much, yet I believe 
some such measure will be found necessary to be adopted. — 
About the time this letter will reach thee I suppose the 
New York tea ship will be returned with her outward bound 
cargo of teas, as she sailed from hence about a week since, 
and its said returned Capt Chambers the late Mr of one of 
the York ships, — The enclosed paper will intbrm thee rela- 
tive to the fate of hig property (tea) and in some measure 
justifies my declaraticm that, had the East India teas been 
private property it would have undergone the same or a 
worse fate; should Parliament conclude to pursue compul- 
sive measures, I fear in the end you will have to repent 
thereof; and ardently wish, both for you and us, that it may 
not be the case, — The severe attack made upon Dr. Frank- 
lin with his conduct on that occasion^ has gained him the 
greatest number of admirers. Its given out, that notwith- 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1778-1788. 331 

Btanding he has resigned bis share in the Ohio Colony, yet 
when all's finished he is to be reinstated, you best know how 
this afikir stands. — 

Since I had the pleasure last of writing thee^ some very 
extraordinary transactions have taken place, founded upon 
an assertion made by Lord Dunraore that Fort Pitt was 
within the limits of Virginia, and the Penn family ailed gin g 
it to be within the line of this province, the proclamation 
of Jn^ Conolly in Januarj' laat first gave tlie public an 
account thereof, tho* the Court of Westmoreland ha\nng 
exercised jarisdiction about 100 miles below Penn's line, 
first gave rise to complainta against them, and caused (its 
said) L** Dun more to give Conolly a commission. — About 
the time appointed for the meeting at Fort Pitt, one Sin- 
clair a magistrate under Penn, seized J. Conolly and con- 
fined him in goal — this caused an express to be sent to L* 
Dnnmore who returned a very severe and grating answer 
to our Govornor of which the enclosed is a copy, he at the 
same time wrote to J. Conolly agreeable to the copy here- 

vnXh On Gov' Peun's receipt of those letters, orders were 

sent up for the releasing of Conolly from Westmoreland 
goal, which was done on his parole, that he would appear 
at the next County Court, which he accordingly did, but 
attended with near 200 armed men, and then told the Mag- 
istrate, that they had no right to hold a Court in that place 
(about 35 miles on this side of Fort Pitt) as he said it was 
within the limits of Virginia; and on some altercation 
seized three of the Magistrates, and has taken them to Fin- 
castle County where (as far as we know) they yet remain ; 
this has caused so great a ferment with our prop*^ people, 
that it« said, they are going to send an Embassy to 
L^ Dunraore on the subject I have also enclosed a printed 
advertisement signed by J. Campbell and J. Conolly for the 
settling of li)ts and establishing a town on the Ohio below 
the line of Vandalia, its said a great number of lots will be 
sold, — la it possible when our great people come to consider 
the Annarchy k Confusion that now prevails on our 

382 Letters of Thomas Whmion, 1778-1788. 

frontiers, and that increasing numbers will multiply the dis- 
orders, that they will any longer delay the completion of 
the Ohio grant, — I confess I cannot unravel the conduct of 
the Attor^ Oen** — ^but should rather fear its sinister, than 

1^^ arising from an apprehension that the boundary is not snf- 

ficient and clearly expressed. — 
I am just now assured that James Hamilton, W* Allen 

^ with others here and in New York have thro' the interven- 

f\ lion of Sir W. J. purchased of the Indians a tract of conn- 

f try containing its supposed 20 Millions of Acres sitaate 

[!, about the Lakes in New York Government, and its said 

\ i . they have L^ Mansfields opinion that such a purchase from 

I the Indians is valid. — 

: : I am not able to furnish at this time the vouchers for the 

£160. but will do it as soon as I can get it from Col. Grog- 
han, the money was sent by us for no other end but to pay 
for the provisions of those Lidians who had been summoned 
in consequence of your directions, and for want of which 
Col. Croghan complained to me; If you think right, it may 
be settied so as to let Bro. Samuel account to us for it when 
he returns. 

I gratefully acknowledge the assurances thou art pleased 
to give me, relative to the East India Company's consign- 

I remain with great respect thy real friend — 

Thomas Wharton. 
To Tho* Walpolb Esqr. 

Philada May IV" 1774. 
Dear Brother Saml Wharton, 

I wrote thee per packet on the 8** and per Capt All on 
the 6^ inst : to which please to refer. G. Morgan the other 
day returned from viewing your land bought of Budd, and 
informs me its a pity they had not been disposed of some 
years since, as they have not risen in value, and that they 
will scarce now pay more than the interest due to John 




Leiters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-178S. 338 

Trell ; he also infonned me that as J. Trell lived at no great 
distance from them, he went to bim to consult hira about 
their valiie» and whether it would not he best to dispose of 
them, and he told me he was exceeding glad that he had 
seen Trell because he had by his representation put him off 
from sending a jiower of Attorney to England against thee, 
Trell assured him that all his friends in N York had con- 
stantly blamed him for not doing it, as they said he would 
certainly thereby get his money but G. M assured me that 
he satisfied John Trell of the contrary, and that such a step 
might have the very contrary effect; — On the whole Trell 
promised he would wait to see the ipsue of thy negociations, — 
It does appear to me that Q. M. iis abundantly altered in hie 
conduct, perhaps the Doctor's loss of office may convince 
him that his dependence is more on thee, than before he 
was willing to believe. We were together 4 days since 
pressing D, Franks for payment of the award and judg- 
ment obtained about 12 months since against him of which 
he has not paid one shilling though the debt is about 
£10,000. We told hiiu unless he paid a considerable part 
this week we should be compelled to take an execution out 
against hira. We settled the other account with Rumsay, 
Murry 4 Co and got bonds for between £8 k £4000 pay- 
able some time hence and G. Morgan has sold to two other 
men the remainder of your property at the Illinois for 
(I think) about £1500 to be paid this year, a considerable 
sum in silver — Ac: remains with A, James then this ex- 
tensive affair is near wound up. 6. M, the other day asked 
me if I had received any letter from thee acknowledging 
the receipt of Willdns papers. Ue no doubt was desirous 
of knowing whether his letter had come to hand and what 
effects It had — but this matter is kept to ourselves. 

I have now enclosed thee a proclamation issued by Lord 
Dunmore, the mention he therein makes of the Indians is 
only a colour, the whole is levelled against the Penn family, 
And so very serious an affair it is to them, that they have 
sent James Tilghman and And' Allen down to his Lord- 

334 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1 77 S-178S. 

ship to try to mollify bim and settle matters, but I have 
good reason to believe that will not be effected; the Vir- 
ginians keep possession of Pittsburgh and the copy of the 
letter Lord Dunmore wrote to J. Penn will satisfy you in 
what point of light he puta this matter; this letter I en- 
closed to Thomas Walpole by Capt All, by which oppor- 
tunity I also sent thee a letter I had received from Capt 
Calleuder. — On the 14*** inst the poet from N. York brought 
us the Act of Parliament which so effectually put a atop to 
the trade and commerce of Boston, Capt Cowper by whom 
it came had but 26 days passage; thou can scarce conceive 
the effect it had upon the people, those who wish to have 
the union with Great Britain continued, were told to 
declare that it was but just and that the Bostonians ought 
to pay for the tea, &c : the other party declaimed against it 
but their topsails were much lowered, and they acknowl- 
edged that it is of such a nature, that it would force its own 
way, and its the general opinion among those I converue 
with, that, as Hutchison is removed the Bostonians will avail 
themselves thereof and pay for the tea; I cannot help being 
of the same sentiments should General Gage but take a 
proper method at his first landing, which W. hourly expects 
to hear of, but its apprehended among us that if an Act of 
Parliament should pass to alter their constitution it will be 
attended with difficulty to execute the same. 

As for the loss which the East India Co suffered in the 
payment of Capt Ayres freight, it looks to me, that it they 
would read the 14*** and 20'^ section of their charter, to W" 
Penn they will find it very easy to obtain it of J. Penn as he 
is on the spot, and let him if he chooses make application to 
our Assembly for a reimburse. By Capt. Cowper lettere are 
received that mention OoL Dalrymple being appointed to 
the Government of New Jersey — should this be true the 
Delaware crossing gentlemen must go to the plough, and 
may rue the day he has treated particulars so unjustly, the 
report has thrown the family into great trouble. 

I have not heard from R. N about the chariot, if its not 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-178S. 


fihipped I could wish it might he to this port on the beet 
terma he could get, and if thou*l let me know the cost I 
shall be glad. 

A report prevails here that the Dean of Bristol has 
charged Dr. Franklin with being the original proposer of the 
Stamp Act — should be prove that it will he a cutting stroke 
to the Doctor's popularity. 

Strahan has never had the manner to acknowledge my 
last letter informing him of my having secured Reads debt, 
had it not been for thy recommendation I would not have 
taken the abundant pains I did^ and I cannot but be sur- 
prised what has altered his conduct towards me, as no mans 
letter could be more expressive of regard than his used to be. 

Some of our warm politicians talk of again entering into a 
nonimportation agreement, but this I am satisfied they can- 
not effect, as most of our merchants are dissatisfied with the 
former conduct of the Bostonians. Its not improbable that 
an attempt will be made to get a Congress established of a 
deputation from all the Assemblies on the continent A 
hopeful figure we shall make for it may be said that our 
house never was so thin of men of understanding as at this 

Since writing the foregoing part of this letter a person has 
arrived here and brings us such intelligence from the banks 
of the Ohio that is of the utmost importance to the future 
well being of not only the new province, but of all these 
provinces, and fully shews the absolute necessity of a Civil 
establishment in that Quarter, indeed if ita not soon done, 
these colonies will be involved in the most distressing war; 
the account says that one Black and othera being together 
at his house about 70 miles below Port Pitt saw some 
Indians on the opposite aide of the river, they gave them 
an invitation to come over to the house which the Indiani 
did, and they soon after killed every one of them, that next 
day two Indians were at the house of a son of Col. Cressup 
and told him, that there was war* He said he did not 
know it, they told him it was, and said they would have his 

336 Letters of Thamaa Wharton, 1773-1788. 

things, on which he pulled pistols out of his pocket and 
ahot one or both of them, that leaving one man in his house, 
he took to his canoes with several otherfl and proceeded 
down the river to an Indian settlement, and then killed a 
number of men, women and children, so that our account 
say 49 Indians have been massacred, on this occasion. An 
account was sent up to Fort Pitt when there were two 
Indian chiefs mth their families there, who were for imme- 
diately posting off to alarm the nation and spread destruc- 
tion over our frontiers, but I am told that Col. Croghan has 
persuaded them to take a belt with them, and is doing all 
he can to restore peace, but its scarce believed he will effect 
it, and the people are leaving the frontier. Its needless for 
me to attempt to say anything more on this tragical and 
distressing event, sure we are, that if a government is not 
soon established on those lands, destruction awaits the inte- 
rior Colonies. I must close this letter by telling thee that 
all thy connections except father are well. He seems much 
on the decline and I fear his remaining long with us. 

I am thy affec* Brother, 
Thomas Wharton. 

Philad May 31, 1774, 
Dear friend, 

On the 2** inst : per Capt All I did myself the pleasure 
of writing thee, since when thy favor of the 6"* April 
came to hand, for which I very sincerely thank thee. — 
The Act of Parliament (which it contained) relative to Bos- 
ton has spread such general uneasy ness thro* this continent 
that I wish the consequences may not be of the most serious 
kind, and unhappily tend to widen the breach rather than 
conciliate matters. The enclosed newspaper will give thee 
some idea of the situation of matters. As soon as the 
Bostonians heard of their fate it threw them into a deep 
consternation but they soon called a large town meeting, 
and dispatched an express to New York and this place with 

Letten of Thomas Wharton, 1778-178$, 


danning letters, endeavouring to arouse all the Colonies by 
pointing out that their present suflering was the common 
cause of America; some of the warm partiBAti^ in this city 
immediately got together^ and were for entering into 
resolves as pointed out from Boston, that we should neither 
export nor import any commodities to or from Great Brit* 
tain or the West Indies; this or any other raeaanre was sett 
aside for that time, and a more general meeting was ap- 
pointed two evenings after, when about 250 or 300 respect- 
able citizens attended, and after communicating the letters 
and papers rec* from Boston and N York two persons very 
strenuously insisted that the city should enter into the pro- 
posals of nonexportation and nonimportation, and that we 
should aid and support the Bostonians in every respect, as 
they were now suffering in the American common cause. 
Several persons who had never before met at any of their 
meetings thought it quite time to interpose, and not suifer 
those warm and violent men to carry measures as they 
pleased, attended that evening, among whom I was one, and 
we entered the lists and opposed their measures with so 
much resolution and firmness, that every step which ap- 
peared to have a tendency to inflame was entirely set aside; 
and only two resolves entered into; the first was, that a 
committee should be appointed to answer the Boston letter^ 
— ^the second, that the same committee should wait on the 
Govornor and request hira to call the Assembly that they 
might unite with the other Assemblies in a decent but firm 
application to the Crown, for redress of our complaints, 
thus after the warmest and greatest expectation by particu- 
lars, we were capable of quickly (for the present) putting 
aside any rash resolutions, and we very sincerely hope, that 
Gk>vornor Gage will be enabled to accommodate matters 
with that people, and that harmony may again be restored 
between you and us. It does not remain as any doubt mth 
me, that they will tender the money for the tea; and its 
now sincerely wished that the advice T. and I. W, gave to 
our committee, of landing and storing the tea had been 
VOL* xxxiii. — 22 


Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1778-1788. 

adopted, I have enclosed the copy of our committee's letter 
to the committee of Boston in answer to theirs by the 
express. The New Yorkers have appointed a committee 
conBisting of 50 very respectable men, to attend to this im- 
portimt affair, being determined to support their rights, and 
at the same time not to suffer a few rash men to involve 
their Colony in difficulties, we shall shortly know the senti- 
meutfi of the Virginians, as their Assembly is sitting, they 
are certainly a sensible and wealthy people, and the part 
they shall take in this affair will have great influence on 
their sister colonies. The committee appointed by the New 
Jersey Assembly are to meet this day at Brunswick to take 
the matter into their deliberation ; and it does appear to me 
that a Congress of the Committees from all the Assemblies 
on this extensive continent will now take place ; I believe 
youi find that some constitutional plan must and will be 
attended to, and altho' the fears of some with you may for 
a time obstruct it, yet I do give it as my sentimenta, that 
nothing I know of can take place which will so long con- 
tinue you and us as one people, as the establishing an Upper 
House to consist of deputies for every Assembly to act in 
Legislation with a Lord Lieutenant, 

We cannot get to the bottom of the report, relative to the 
killing of tiiose Indians on the Ohio, near the Great Ken* 
hawa, but it does appear to us from every circumstance we 
can collect that Michael Cressup was in that quarter locat- 
ing a large quantity of lands to be confirmed to him either 
by the Government of Vandalia or Virginia, and that 
some altercation happened between his company and some 
Indians, that he have acted in a manner unwarrantable 
both to the laws of nature and natives. I wish that this 
step is taken to hinder the settJeraent of that Colony, 
but surely it must have a contrary effect with our King 
and his ministers, as it cannot be supposed they will suffer 
their subjects to kill and destroy tbose Indians, whom 
we are in friendship with, and this certainly will be the 
circumstance so long as that extensive frontier is without 

LeUers of Thomas Wharton, mS-^llSS. 889 

the jurisdiction of any Colony, which surely it at present 
is, as no laws made in Virginia is of any effect there. 

An account has just reached us that the Charter of 
Boston is taken away by Act of Parliament, but we as yet 
know not how matters will settle. 

If my Bro : is with you be pleased to inform him his 
&mily and connections are well, k that I beg his excuse for 
not writing at this time being extremely engaged. I remain 
with the sincerest regard and esteem thy 

obliged friend 
Thomas Wharton. 
To Tho8 Walpole Esq. 

(To b« oontinaed.) 



340 WUliam Parsons. 

SuRYSTOR General, and Founder of Easton, Pennsylvania. 


In the Manuscript Department of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania is preserved a letter from Thomas Penn to 
Gbvernor Hamilton, dated September 8, 1751, in which he 
states: "Sometime since, I wrote to D' Graeme and Mr. 
Peters to lay out some ground in the Forks of the Delaware 
for a town, which I suppose they have done, or begun to do 
so. I desire it may be called Easton, from my Lord Pom- 
fret's house, and whenever there is a new county, that shall 
be called Northampton." William Parsons was selected to 
lay out the projected town, on the wedge of land between 
the Lehigh River, Bushkill Creek, and Delaware River, and 
on May 9, 1750, Surveyor General Nicholas Scull joined him 
on the site, and with a corps of assistants the survey was 
soon completed. The county of Northampton was erected 
under Act of Assembly approved March 11, 1752. 

William Parsons was born in England, May 6, 1701, 
where he learned the trade of shoemaking, and before 
attaining his majority, came to Pennsylvania. While 
carrying on his trade in Philadelphia, he devoted all his 
spare time to study, so that in the course of time, he became 
acquainted with persons of education, and gained the repu- 
tation of <*a man having a profound knowledge of mathe- 
matics." He became a member of the famous <^ Junto," the 
dub formed by Franklin, soon after his return from 
England in 1726, to dbcuss ethics, politics, and natural 
philosophy. Franklin mentions Parsons as a Geographer^ 
in a letter of April, 1744. From 1734-1746 he served as 
librarian of the City Library. 

On August 21, 1741, Parsons was appointed Surveyor 
General of the Province, to succeed Benjamin Eastburn, a 

William Parsons. 


position which called his peculiar qualifications into exerciae, 
but the physical hardships connected with it caused hira to 
present his resignation to the Pro\nncial Council, which was 
accepted June 10, 1748, and Nicholas Scull was appointed 
in his place. He then became a resident of Lancaster, was 
commissioned a Justice of the Peace, April 22, 1749, and 
also filled the offices of Prothonotary, Register, and Re- 
corder, and continued to survey at intervals. 

After the erection of Northampton County out of the 
upper part of Bucks County, Parsons wrote to Secretary 
Peters, in December of 1752, that he had removed with 
part of his family, servants, and household effects, and 
established themselves at the ** Point of the Forks"; and 
here the most eventful years of his life were passed. The 
first County Court was held at Easton, June 16, 1752, and 
the first County election for Assemblyman, SheriflF, and three 
County Commissioners, October 1, of the same year. Par- 
sons served three terms as Justice of the Peace between 
1752 and 1757; one term as an Assemblyman, 1763; and 
filled the offices of Prothonotary, Clerk of the Court, Re- 
corder, and Clerk of the Commissioners. He also acted as 
the agent of the Proprietaries, looking after their interests, 
and promoting the sale and settlement of lands. Through 
his personal efforts, the first Imilding for school and worship 
was erected by subscription. Parsons contributed £5 and 
was a Trustee. 

During the Indian troubles, Parsons was appointed Major 
in the Provincial service, in 1766, and the following year 
assigned to the First Batallion, commanded by Lieut. Col. 
Conrad Weiser. On December 29, 1755, he was appointed 
Major in command of all the troops raised in Northampton 
County, and for a time supervised the defences of that 
region. At all the Conferences held at Easton prior to 1758, 
between the Provincial authorities and the Indians, Major 
Parsons attended in his military capacity, and Governors 
Morris and Denny were his guests, the last named, however, 
found that the Major was at the seashore for the benefit of 


William Parsons, 

his health. Pardons died at Eastoa, December 17, 1757, and 
is justly entitled to the honor given him, **The Father of 

William Parsons, in many respects, was a man of per- 
verse dispoaition, that marred hia relations with people 
without real occasion. His anti-German position, which he 
thought the Proprietary mterests he represented demanded, 
was intensified by being outvoted at several elections in the 
new county, and his prejudices against the Mora\nan settle- 
ments — a prejudice which he tried unBuccesetully to impart 
to the Proprietors— all injured his popularity. His old 
associate Nicholas Scull said of him: ^^ Parsons is a man 
that is not apt to forget any old differences,*' The first 
election held in the new county, October 1, 1752, resulted 
in the election of James Burnside as first Assemblyman, he 
being a Moravian living near Bethlehem, and representing 
tlie elements which Parsons spoke of as the Quaker Party 
at variance with the Proprietary interests. At tlie election 
of 1763, he was successful, but in 1754 and 1755, two 
Moravians, James Burnside and William Edmonds, were 
again elected. 

Later his prejudices against the Moravians changed, and 
his attitude became fi-iendly; he embraced the evangelical 
faith ; and as his end drew near, he desired to have all his 
family gathered around him, hot in that pathetic hour, it 
was too late for his wife to come from Philadelphia. He 
died December 17, 1757, and at his request a simple 
funeral service was conducted by his son-in-law, the Rev, 
Jacob Eogers, of the Moravian Church. 

The substantial stone house which Pargons built aja his 
second residence in Easton, is still standing at the north- 
east corner of Fourth and Ferry streets. After his death 
it was occupied by George Taylor, one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence, who died there in 1781. It 
is now the property of the Greorge Taylor Chapter, 
Daughters of the American Revolution, who have restored 
it and placed a memorial tablet on its wall. 

Williain Parsons. 


It so happened, that the year and month^^May, 1901 — 
which marked the bi-ceutennial anniversary of Parsons' 
birth, brought the announcement that the epot where his 
remains restad on Mount Jefiereon was to be sold for a 
site of a free library, a more pretentious undertaking 
than the first institution in the interest of popular education 
which he succeeded in erecting at Easton. His remains 
were not disturbed, and are marked by an appropriate 

The will of William Parsons is dated December 15, 1757 
(two days prior to his death), in which he bequeaths to the 
children of his sisters Mary and Sarah £50 each; to hii 
son-in-law James Worrell his watch and £40, with which he 
is ** to make up and decorate the graves and tombs of my 
late dear mother," and his own children, Robert, Susannah^ 
and Hannah; to his nephew, Dr. Stephen Woolley, £100; 
to his niece, Rebecca Woolley, £20, for the great care and 
attention shown him ; to his niece Elizabeth Cummins, £50; 
to a servant girl, Elizabeth Kristman, £20; to the ** Poor 
Scholars of the Academy of Philadelphia," £200; and the 
residue of his estate to his wife during her life, and after 
her death to their three children, BUs executors were his 
<* very good friends'' William Coleman, and Evan Morgan 
of Philadelphia, and Timothy Horstield of Bethlehem. 

William Parsons was married at Philadelphia in 1722, to 
Johanna Christina Zeidig, born May, 1699, a daughter of 
John Julius Zeidig and Salome Margaret Sprogel, a 
daughter of the Rev. John Henry Sprogel, a widely known 
clergyman and educator of Quedlinburg, in the Saxon 
province of Prussia* A sister was the wife of the Rev. 
Gottiried Arnold, church historian, a professor at the 
University of Gieasen, and a man of great learning. Two 
of her brothers were John Henry Sprogel and Ludwig 
Christian Sprogel, names familiar to the etudenta of early 
Pennsylvania history, with one of whom Miss Zeidig came 
to Philadelphia, where she first afBliated with the Dunkards 
under Alexander Mack. Parsons, about the- date of his 


William Parsona. 

iiiarriage, waa in nominal connection with the Lntheran 
Church, but was eo absorhed in etndies and plane in the 
direction of his personal inclinations and ambitions, that he 
had no gympathj with the fervent piety of his German wife, 
and at times was indiflerent and haish towards her. She 
withdrew from all religious associations and became a 
Separatist, and next found satisfaction in a kind of Agnos- 
ticism. She next came in contact \^dth certain ** French 
Prophets/* who gave her bookg to read, in which she 
thought that she had found light. These euthusiaste are 
not commonly mentioned among the sects which pre- 
sented Buch a motley array in Pennsylvania in those days. 
When Whitefield visited Pliiladclphia she attended his 
preaching, and when the Moravian evangelists came, she 
was constantly at their services. To this )ier husband 
objected, and forbade his children to attend their meetings; 
and when his wife seemed disposed to do so nevertheless, 
he threatened to forsake her, if she did not follow his wishes. 
In 1745, Parsons really carried his threat into execution 
and the couple were never re-united. Leaving his wife in 
Philadelphia, he took his two youngest daughters to the 
Swatara, where he owned a tract of land, but later he 
yielded to their wishes and permitted them to return tor 
awhile to their mother. In 1751 she was admitted to 
membership in the Moravian Church, and in 1769, removed 
to Bethlehem, where she died March 10, 1778. Six chil- 
dren were born to them : 
Susanna^ who died unmarried, Oct 17, 1746. 
Robert, who died April 27, 1746. 
Hammhy who married James Worral, and died Jan. 20, 

A7m Mary, married, March 31, 1756, the Rev. Jacob 
Rogers. He had been a clergyman of the Church of 
England, but joined the Moravian Church at Bedford 
0. B. in 1741. She died at Dobbs' Parish, North 
Carolina, where her husband was stationed, July 19, 
1759. They had issue : 

William Parsons. 


Johatwa Salome^ born Dec. 10, 1759; died Sept 14, 

Jbhan7m Oroi^e^ born Nov* 28, 1736, was named after 
her grandmother, Grace Parsons. She married at 
Bethlehem, July 29, 1758, N5choh^s Garrison, Jr,, son 
of Capt. Nicholas Garrison, of Staten Island, New 
York, who possessed some skill in drawing and sketch- 
iBg, and executed several noted views of the Mora- 
vian settlements, which are much sought after by 
collectors. In 1762 they removed to Philadelphia, 
w^here Garrison engaged in business on Race Street. 
Just before the occupation of the city by Howe*8 army, 
they fled to Oldman's Creek, New Jersey, where they 
remained until the following summer. After 1780, 
they became reeidenta of Berks County. They had 
issue : 

Johi Nkholas, born Oct, 26| 1760. 
JnliaJta Sarah^ born at Philadelphia, Nov. 19, 1738; 
married, Oct 14, 1766, Timothy Horsfield, Jr., son 
of Justice Timothy Horsfield, of Bethlehem. He died 
April 11, 1789, and she, Jan. 17, 1808. They had 
issue : 

Timotki/^ died young. 

WiUUim, born 1770; died Feb. 8, 1845. Married 
Rebecca Weiss, daughter of Col. Jacob Weiss, 
the founder of Weissport, Carbon County; and 
died Feb. 14, 1845. Deacendante living. 
Thomas^ born May 12, 1773; died in London, Eng- 
knd, July 24, 1859. He received his early educar 
tion in the Moravian schools at Bethlehem and 
Nazareth; pursued a course in pharmacy with 
Dr. Otto of Bethlehem, devoting special attention 
also to botany ; and later attended lectures at the 
University of Pennsylvania, where he took his 
degree of M.D. in 1798. Some years afterwards 
he went to England, and thence to the East Indies 

M« WHaam PmwamM. 

ilk Uie mrrict of the East IndiA Company. He 

wstMJTt^ a repotadoD in scientific mtAe^ both as a 

prKffiiocicr and s« an aothor. Hia eztenmve 

reaearcbei ai a natnndist, paiticalmrij on the 

iilaz^ of Java. ar« known throogfa hia Zoologieal 

Rettar^ku vi J^na^ 1821-1821; Lqpidapierous 

Inj/KU; and Plaam Jaxm^ BanartM. He was 

the first librarian of the East India Bb>iiBe in 

London. He had israe; a son, Charles Cboper 

Hanndi^ and a danghter. 

The ^ Panon Papers '' in the \Ianascript Dqiartinent ot 

the ffistorical Societj of Pennsylvania comprise a Isffge mnd 

▼aloable correspcMadence. and surveys; his Day Book, 172S 

-1727 (shoe and slip«per making); Index to Surveys nEuule 

in 1730; Field Book, 1734: Receipt Book, 1788-1749; 

Common Place Book, 1741. 

Letter of James Logmi to Hannah Penn, 347 


[The following intereBting lettar of Jamea Logan to Hannah Penn is 
in the Logan Papers, Manuscript Department nf the Hiitorical Societf 
of Pennsylvania.] 

Philad** 1. ll-"* 172| 
HoNOURiD Mistress, 

Tho I have wrote very largely to thy ffamily of late by 
sundry Conveyauces, yet I cannot lett this opportunity pass 
without addressing thee in particular in regard to y* Trans- 
actions of the laat year in thy Province, on which I must 
beg leave to observe That notwithstanding I have led a 
Life, for about 25 years past filPd w'^ a continued Series of 
anxiety & trouble on acco' of yo' affairs (while my own, by 
which I principally gett my Living fiow'd as smoothly and 
easily as most other mens) yet nothing ever more deeply 
affected me, than the nnhappy Success of those Inatructione 
I brought uver from thee to W™ Keith, for w*** I well know 
I am in no small measure accountable to you and I have 
only this to say for my self that the fatal step was wholly 
owing to my Weakness in not believing after so long an 
Experience of Mankind there could be any of the Species 
found bearing y* Character of a Gentleman, A endued with 
out a common share of good sense, who could be so insen- 
sible to all the Obligatious of Duty, as to make the use of 
them that S' Wm. has done of these rational and justifiable 
Ord** another wrong Stxjp, I doubt was my writing the 
Memorial which I did not then expect to see published, for 
that gave the Gov' and D, LI a handle to work up to 
themselves a kind of Merit among the weaker Sort that is 
the greater number of the People. To the Govern" answer 
to that Memorial I drew up a Reply w*** I presented to the 
assembly but would not suffer it to be printed, nor did I 
design to take fxirtlier notice of D, LPs till drove to it by 
the uses he made of his, as well as by the persuasions of 

CS Letter of Jame$ Logan to Uannah PemK 

your beflt friendB who insisted on it m my Dnty. Tbe«e at 
length producml the Antidote which has generally ^veo 
the well affected full Satisfaction* A dozen of them onlj 
were printed off (but with too many Errors) the nijfht 
before Anni** sailed. In y' last page I made some altera- 
tions but heditiited near 2 months longer about their 
Publication being then unseasonable, besides that I was 
really ashamed of y* Contest as a Reproach both to the 
Province and the Profeasiori. But D, Li's Paper beiog 
spread all over the Countrey had done much mischief gott 
him inlo y* Assembly (is our further Scandal) and perverted 
the Fnderatandiiig of many, who from my silence accounted 
it unanswerable. I therefore sent mine abroad St a few 
daye^ after recv*d a Lett' from the Gov' intended by him 
for the Press w"^ it has since paBs'd* You will judge of it 
there by y* Copies now sent. He is privately sollicitin^ 
(I find) to have the Qovernm* of New Jersey under Col!, 
Burnett to which his fine Syllogisen if presented to th© 
Ministry, will not I believe very much recommend hini, 
I have noted some of ita Errors and with these I scikI a 
Copy or two of the Antidote as it was published which I 
design sliali he the last of that kind from me that shall ever 
see the light. 

I hear further from Engl^ that the E. of Souther!** is 
renewing his application for otir Lower Counties w** tie 
believed is owing to your Division and astonishing neglect 
of your own affairs which will naturally lead People to 
believe there is no absurdity in conveying them into other 
hands. For my own part I am overwhelm *d with the 
thoughts of theni» while I see nothing but trouble following" 
trouble, tis Waves roll after waves in the Sea, tlie cause of all 
which is plain is owing to those fatal Mistakes in the 
Beginning, In taking a Title at first to those Counties 
tiiat was not legal and then not perfecting it while practi- 
cable. In not fixing the Line with the L* Baltimore wlien 
it might easily be done and in heaping things called 
Privileges on a People who neither know how to use them, 
nor how to be grateful for them. I must however here 


Letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn. 


note the Consequence of those Counties being alienated from 
your ffamily especially hj^ an absolute Grant of the Interest 
without regard to the Grants formerly made viz. The 
Trade of the Province will sink, It will create inextricable 
difficulties in Answering the Peoples Demands for what 
tliey formerly paid in their Wrong, as it will then be called, 
and your Receivers when molested must come again upon 
you for Satisfaction & finally it will fix an Indelible Reproach 
&c. I can scarce liowever believe it possible that it should 
be brought to such an Extremity, The Courts are not to 
be depended on without Money and Interest. The address 
from the Assembly of those Counties to our present Gov' 
immediately after his first Accession, if properly applied 
may very much Strengthen you. You have the Original 
Compleat and I hear enclose a Copy of it. His Behaviour 
in that aftair (which was press'd on principally by two or 
three ot y* Council) gave cause to suspect what afterw*** 
more fully appeared, viz his holding with the hound A 
running Mnth the hare, & now tis probable he is at y* bottom 
or in concert w*** the other in his motions. Two things I 
desire nmy be remembred viss. that New Castle and a 
Circle of 12 miles round it was granted by the D, of York 
absolutely without any other Reservation than (I think) a 
Crown piece or 3 shills. Yearly, fl:or all y* Rest below half 
y* Rents & Profits were reserved to the Duke & at least one 
half of them is now due in Arrears so that the Bargain in 
that part might without refunding he comiilied with. 
What else relates to the Title you have formerly had it from 
me very largely. 

Money I know is wanting to bring on a Settlem* of those 
affairs (I speak not of j-our family Dispute) to gett which, 
since it equally afiects both sides, If you would joyntly 
agree in an Authentic Power to raise and remit some for 
that particular purpose, You might, tho' with a disadvan- 
tageous exchange, have sufficient to carry on what is to b« 
done in that way- 

Our Assembly last month granted the Govern' 400 lb. 
and being to meet agaiti next week he expects {k will 

350 LeUer of James Logan to Hannah Penn, 

labour hftrd for it) to prevtil on them for the usual yearly 
allowance. They have drawn up two addreBses, wliich goe 
home by thiB Veeeel, One to the King to thank him for Hii 
Sanction to our late Affirmation Act, It is to be sent I 
suppose to Joshua Gee & Jos: Wyeth wlio tie probable will 
scarce give themselves much trouble about it The other 
is for your Family in behalf of S' William who has been at 
great pains to obtain Recommendations. After his ill success 
with the last AsBembly who could never be prevailed on to 
say one word in his favour He applied last 7*** mo* to our 
Yearly Meeting in this place for a Certificate, but failing ot 
that also. You will find by the inclosed votes how the House 
was drove to ipe^k for him. This address was at first in- 
tended for Springet only, hut they soon discovered their 
Mistake & therefore send it to both, I have never yet seen it, 
I have so often spoke & have said so much of the extream 
ConAision All Proprietary affairs are & must be in till the 
ffamily Dispute is ended & proper Measures are taken there- 
upon that I shall not attempt to add any thing here. W« 
expect another Govern* but that will not avail much in thit 
case. Tis a final and absolute settlem^ of the Right tliat is 
wanted, and the Presence of the Proprietary himself to 
direct how his Lands shall be disposed of^ ffor I doubt not 
hut there are at this time near a hund** thous* Acres pos- 
sess'd by persons who resolutely sitt down and improve 
without any manner of Right or Pretence to it. Some^ tis 
true have had a permission to prevent worse from coming 
into the place, yet most of them are bo poor that they have 
nothing to pay with, it therefore will expect or endeavour 
to be allow'd as Renters. An unruly sort of Palatines have 
by encouragem* from the Gov' entred upon (as I formerly 
mentioned) about 20 thous"* Acres in one Tract, the beat 
that wae left undisposed of in his Province and how they 
are to be dealt with is beyond my skill to judge nor can it 
be to any purpose to treat with them, till Terms can be 
absolutely proposed and Titles be made to them, but I 
question whether this ought to be done^ for ten thous* acres 
were laid out there by young Rees Thomas (without any 

Letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn. 851 

authority tie true) for hia tJncIe Wm. Aubrey in Right of 
Latitia'a Legacy in the Will which he has sold at a great 
price to a Member of Parim* who expects to enjoy it there. 
But it would be endless to enter into the Detail of these 
things, I shall therefore only proceed to say That being 
quite tired with the perplexities arising from y* Unsettled 
State of your aflairs and the Embarasement of the Powers 
of Qovenim* by the Will I have for some years past believed 
A have mentioned it in two Letters to thy Uncle that as it 
would be far the Peace, so it might be fur the Interest of 
thy family to compound with Springet for a handsome Sum, 
for the whole Interest here and in my last to thy Son was 
particular on that head, but lest I should be thought partial, 
I must liere observe that some Lands w*** lately was thought 
would scarce ever be accounted worth taking up, are now, 
notwithstanding their Rocks and Hills of some value for the 
wood to make Charcoal for the Ironworks which within 
these last 12 Months are in divers places vigorously carrying 
on and may beyond expectation become an advantageous 
Improvem* of this Country. Inquiring diligently of Jos. 
ffarmer who first sett the Work on Northeast on foot, he 
represented the Charge of a Furnace Ar finishing the first 
Blast with the ftbrges to be 12000^*" sterl, but tis now believ'd 
it may be done with about a third of the Money, Divers 
Companies are now going on with them, and as the 
Countrey abounds w"" ore, we might with the conveniency 
of Water Carriage in time almost Supply Engl^ with Iron. 
But alaa we have but one side of but one River that is navi- 
gable. We may however have some advantages of making 
Returns more easily by that method if the Success proves 
answerable to the Vast Charge, This I thought necessary 
to hint here, I mentioned also my design to take over my 
family next ffiill to Bristol but know not how my Wifee 
Resolution may hold out. She brought me a Son the 12** 
of Nov*^ last named Charles after her father k brother, and 
presents her most hearty Respects to thee. Hannah Hill 
has long kept her bed through a heavy Indisposition, but 
tis hoped She is recovering. 

352 Letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn. 

One thing deeerv^ing your Notice I had omitted to remark 
on the head of tlie Lower Counties w'*" ie that the Gov' 
having while I waa absent granted a Charter of Incorpora- 
tion to the City of Newcaatle (as tia now called) of w'** you 
were then informed by R. Hill antl I. Norris, the notion 
propagated among the People was that these Counties 
belonged solely to the King, for there was not the least 
notice taken or mention made of y'' Propriet' in that 
Charter, and all Itrienda were excluded by it Soon after a 
Dispute arose about the Boundaries of Newcastle and 
Chester Counties. Those of the Province insisted on the 
Circular Line of 12 miles from Newcastle run in 1701 by 
the Proprietors Ord' but others urged that Newcastle now 
(by their Charter) extended to 5 miles distance from y* Town 
and therefore that these 12 miles should be measured from 
that Extent which would take in a Ring of 5 miles more out 
of the Province and throw even the Town of Chester into 
Newcastle County, of w*** Endeav^ours are now used to 
deprive you. That this was a form'd Design at that time 
and that it was resolved to quarrel with you and therefore 
with me in course I think is not to be doubted. 

15* 12*"" The foregoing having been wrote above Six 
weeks since, has by y' Shutting up of our River (now 
opening again) lain till this time for a Conveyance and I 
must here add from y* experience of this Winter, that I find 
the severe effects of that cruel Distemper (W^'' so \4olently 
seized my head soon after my last arrival) to a degree that 
nothing but a retirem^ from business will preserve me 
capable of being mueh longer useful to my family of w*** 
my wife is so sensible that nothing short of it will make her 
easie. If any Lines however are to be run on the Settlem* 
with Maryl* you may I hope depend on my assistance* 
That you may finish that and all your aftiairs to Satisfaction 
ifc once come to know y^ comforts of Peace and a quiet 
Establishm* is the most earnest Desire ot 

Thy faithful friend & Servant 

Reed, 3* Mav 1726, James Louan. 

Correspondence of Oen. Edward Band, 



[Originals in the Manuscript Department, Historical Society of 


MiNismK 6th April 1779, 

Agreable to the Orders you Yesterday rec*** you will 
proceed to Wyoming on the Susquehannah River with 
the Regiment under your Immediate Command, Colonel 
Armandfl, & Capt* Schotts Corps, the former is commanded 
at present by a Major Lomaign and the latter by Capt* 
Selin, these Corps will join you at or before you retch Col. 
Strouds at Fort Penii, as you will see by their Orders left 
open for your perrusal. & which you will have delivered — 
you must take with you from here all the flour now left in 
store and Beef sufRcient to carry the Detachment thro* to 
Wyoming, you will receive additional supply of Flour at 
Col. Strouds, take care that each Corps takes with them the 
Provisions they have respectively drawn, you will receive a 
few Camp Kettles for the Detachment at Colonel 8troud*s 
and may draw 20 Axes for your Regiment, 6 for Arraands, & 
8 for Schott here. It will take you four days from Col 
Strouds to Wyoming, you will therefore regulate your Pro- 
vision accordingly. Capt. Alex' Patterson A.D.QMQ will 
Provide you with a guide from Fort Penn, and an Express to 
send to Col. Zebulon Butler commanding at Wyoming with 
notice of your approach from Fort Penn you will march to 
Lardners thence to an Incamping Place in what is Commonly 
card the great Swamp, the third day to Bullocks which is 
within five miles of Wyoming Garrison where for the present 
you will put yourself under Col. Butlers directions. 

I am thus Particular as It will be necessary to make 
easie Marches in order to reconnoitre the Country well, k 
VOL. xxxiii. — 23 

354 Correspondence of Gen, Edward Band. 

examine every thicket & hhollow way or Swamp before you 
enter itj which I desire yon may be very Particular in doing, 
to prevent being Surprised, led into an Ambuscade, or 
attacked ^vithout previouB knowledge of the Enemys being 
near, you will be particularly Attentive to keep the Body oi 
the Troops Compact, Suffer no stragler on Any account, 
keep a proper advance & Rear Guard^ tho' not at too great 
a distance, and also small parties on your Flanks observing 
the same Caution, Should any Enemy appear, you must 
take care not to advance on them precipitately before you 
know their numbers, or nntill you have sufficiently extended 
your front to prevent being out Flanked, by a Steddy 
adherence to the Above directions you wall have little danger 
to apprehend, double your attention aa j^ou approach the 
Fort, a^ the badness of the Roads at present & the Scarcity 
of horses will prevent your carrying your heavy Baggoge, 
you must leave it at Fort Penn with a Guard untill you 
have a more favourable opportunity. 

Relying much on your Steddyness, Industry Zeal & 
Activity. I wish you a good ilarch, 

& am sir 

Your Obed» Servt. 

Major Danl. Burebardt Edw** Hand, 

German Reg* 

MiNiBiNK 5th April 1779 
D' Bir:— 

By the time this reaches you, there will be a Detachment 
from this place consisting of about 550 men including 
Officers, under the command of Major Burebardt of the 
German Reg* on their March to join you be pleased to 
make the best preperation in your power to cover them on 
their Arrival, and send a person to meet and conduct M^or 
Burebardt, and give him any Intilligence that may respect 
his March, he goes by the way of Strouds, least he should 
be fltoped by Walenpapack, as there is not a Boat there, 
I have rec"* your favours of the 28th Ultimo of first Inst, 

Correspondence of Oen, Edward Hand. 


I am Borry for the devistation committed by the Enemy, 
Lt Jenkens is gone to head Qre, where I shall goe as soon 
08 Major Barehardta Detach' is fairly on the March, and 
expect to be soon with you, iintill then, yon will please to 
give the Necessary Orders. 

I am V Sir 

Y' Ob» Hhble Serv* 
Ool : Zbbulon Bdtler^ Edw. Hand. 

Dear General, 

Just this moment a party of Indians on the opposite ride 
of the River from us Idll'd a family of people who lived 
about one mile from this, but unknown to rae, & burnd the 
House I immediately sent a party after them, they found 
tho* dead lying scalp'd two men, one woman A 2 Children, 
from their tracts it is thot there is Better than 30 of them & 
we are not able to send a sufficient party after them, if some 
men where to come from Wyoming on that side the River 
with a good guide they might be met with, the way the 
tracts went, makes me believe the intend making a Stroke 
on Cattawiasey. I have sent a Runner to give them intelU- 
gence as a number of Inhabitants live there, they have 
taken some Horses from this family, I believe the saw the 
Guard that left us this morning with the Boats, as it waa 
soon after that they done the Mischief. 

I wish we were strong enough to send out a strong party, 
I would fain think I could intercept them in their marches. 
I am sir 

With due Respect 

Your Very Humb^ Servt 
Geo Bush* 
Fort Jenkens 
May 17-1779 

11 o'clock A.M, 

To Brigadeer Gen" Edw** Hand 
Commanding in Susquehanna^ 

356 Correspondence of Oen. Edward Hand. 

Dear Sir: — 

I am favor'd with your second Letter of this date. 
Be assured Sir there is nothiog I more earnestly msh for 
than a friendly intercourse witli every otficer in the Army 
I have the Honor to serve in, yet I cannot submit to indig- 
nities from Col* Lutterloh or any other person* I have as 
often as any oiBcer in the Ser\nce put up with inconveni- 
ences when necessary, and mean to do so still. I helieve you 
misapprehend the Spirit of the order of the 28^'' it does not 
in my opinion authorize Col* Lutterloh 's depriving me of 
what T am justly entitled to, especially as he has pasturage 
elsewhere equally near your Quarters, for instance Mr. 
Beekman's Large Pasture. 

Your Obed^ Serv* 
Camp June 30—1781. E. Hand* 

To Colo. Pickering Q. M, G. 

Camp near York 24"* Oct 1781 

I am ordered by his Ex^ to inform yon that it is his 
Pleasure you immediately proceed to Gloucester with your 
Regiment, where^ when arrived you are to take the Com* 
mand. He expects you will pay particular attention to the 
Establishment of Good order and discipline at that Post 
and that you give every possible assistance to the Officers 
of the Several stalF Departments at Gloucester in Collecting 
and removing their Stores. 

I am Sir 

Y^ Ob* Hble SeiV 
Oolo» J. Olney E. Hanb Ad. Gen' 

Command Rho, IsP Reg* 

Camp June 30''' 1781 


I am just favoured by the rec* of your note of this date, 
don't wish to be possessed of any article that I am not 

Correspondence of Oen. Edward Hand. 357 

entitled to, or more than I want, aa Brigad' I am entitled 
to a Marqae, there must also be one to Iseue Orders as I 
look upon it also that the Gentlemen of the Office should 
have one to cover them, but if that be not the case, any 
pei*8on better entitled to one shall have it. 

There is no person in the Army has more use for their 
horses, or wants them nearer hand than myself, the pasture 
I now have is convenient & no more than I want, no person 
shall occupy it except by order of the Commander in Chief, 
it would not be more than compliance to have informed 
me previous to freeing my Guard, 

Y' Hble Serv* 
Colo PicKKRiNo Edw. Hand A. Q. 

Q' M- Genl 

At a Meeting of sundry Officers of the late Penn* Line 
held at the City Tavern In Philad' the 24**' of April 1784 
pursuent to Public notice given Colonel Francis Johnston 
in the Chair. 

Whereiis the United States in Congress assembled did on 
tJie 3^ day of Nov/ 1783 Resolve ^*That the Pay Master 
General deposit in the hands of the Regimental Agents the 
Certificates for the arrears of pay due to the Officers and 
Soldiers of the respective Lines to be by them delivered to 
the individuals to whom they belong, or deposited for their 
benefit as the Supreme Executive Power of the State to 
which the respective Agents belong shall direct." 

And Whereas in the present dispersed state of the late 
Pennsylvania Line it is found impracticable to appoint 
Regimental Agents as directed by the above Resolution 
Nevertheless it being absolutely necessary to appoint some 
person or persons to receive from the Pay Master General 
the Certificates of pay Ac* due to the said Line and dis- 
tribute or deposit the same agreeably to the said Resolve I 
do therefore hereby Certify that Major Thomas B. Bowen 
and Captain Ereurius Beatty are unanimously elected 

8S8 Oofrespondence of Oen. Edward Hand, 

Agents for the purposes aforesfud: And that it is the demre 
of the said Meeting of Officers that the said ogeota do wmit 
on the Supreme Executive Council as well for their oonfir- 
matioD of the said appointment as for their directiona ooa* 
ceriiing the Execution of the Trtist reposed in them. 
Given under my hand this 24*** day of April 1784. 

Francis JoHNSTOii* 

Letter of Chas. Stewart Esq' to 
the Noble M^or Qenl SuiLXVAjr 
dated Eastopt 3^ June 1779. 

As it may be possible I cant accompany you from Wyo- 
ming to Tioga, I tliought by giving you in writing wat 
Places are propper for Eucampm* on your March might be 
of some use. They are as follows Vizt from — Wyoming 
to the mouth of Lahawanack is good Boad Both sides of 
the River but best on the west side, opposite the mouth of 
Lahawanack is a pretty Island for the Boatmen & Cannoes 
to lay very Safe at, at this Place you will I think Encamp 
the first night 

The second days march will be over a mountain And 
your Ground for Encampment will be at a place cal'd Qoil* 
utimaokf where you will find an old Indian field 4 €k>od 
Water k the Ruins of a settlement made by our People. 

The next day will with great ease carry you to Tank- 
hanaek where you will find plenty of good Qrass, a fine 
stream of water A good ground to Encamp on> with open 
Woods North side of tlie Creek. 

The next day if possible I would get as far as the place 
on which one Frederick Vanderlip lately dwelt here yon 
will find Good Ground to Encamp on & Good Water — but 
if you cant get so far you will stop at the mouth of 
Mashapen, which is not a very good place as it is Scarce of 

The next day will bring you to Wyaloosing and this days 
march will require particular attention as the Ground is 

Oorrupondence of Oen. Edward Hand. 


favorable for the Enemy to contend, between Vanderlips 
& the mouth of Tuscarora Creek is a remarkable ridge 
of Hills & a very narrow Pass, at Tuscai-ora Creek the 
Country opens, & caution will be necessary in ascending the 
Hill between Tuscarora Hill & Wyaloosing. 

I think it Probable you will Halt at Wyaloosing one day 
or two, and that your first days march from there will 
carry you to a place Called Weesangtring or Rush meadow 
Creek here you will find plenty of Qood food k Good 
Water A open Ground to encamp on. 

The next day will bring you to Towandani where you 
will find plenty of Good Grass & Good Ground. 

The next day will bring you to Sheahequenung a place 
of Plenty k safe Encampment, after you cross the River 
but Crossing will require a little Attention, 

From gheshequenung to Tioga is in part good & part 
Bad ground to march over there is a Hill on the way hut 
at Queen Esters palace at Tioga you will find a long body 
of Cleared bottom k Grass in Abundance. 

Col. Zebulon Butler of Regg's Reg* will be a proper 
person to give you information of the Grounds over which 
'you are to march, there is a New England Lad named Sam* 
Gray at Brinker*8 Mills that knows that Country very well 
k will readily go with you I beheve you will fi^nd him a 
Trusty fellow 

I am & c* 

A Description of the Road from Weyoming to Wyelusing 
and the distance from one Stage to another. 

From Weyoming to Lackawaney ten miles the road 
tollerable good passable for any kind of Carriages from 
thence to Gardners 3 miles the road good except one mile 
where the road goes between the End of a Mountain and 
the River but passable for pack-horses when the river is low 
from thence to Wyelutimunk 4 miles the road good. Except 
one mile where the road goes between the end of a Moun- 

360 Correspondence of Oen. Edward Hand. 

tain and the Siver but passable at all seasons of the year 
from thence to Tankamack 10 miles the road toUerable good 
from thence to Merhoping 12 miles the road toUerable good 
except one bad mile about 8 miles from Tankamcock where 
the road leaves the river from thence to Vanderlisst 4 miles 
the road good from thence to Depews 8 Miles the road good 
except half a mile where the road goes between the end of 
a Mountain the Biver which is passable at all seasons of the 
Year from thence to Wychwink 7 miles the road good. 
The whole distance 53 Miles. 

Notes and Queries. 



James Logan's OpiNioif on Osetain Lakd Titles ut Pbnitsyl- 
VAjiiA» 1784. 

B«iog desired to giTe my Sentim^ od the case af Anoe Brown, 
Daughter to Coll. William Markham as she has preaented it to our 
Proprietor Thomaa Penn Esq, I shall here gire what I know of thai 
afifair being probably better acquainted with it thaji any other person now 
living with all the Truth and exactneaa in my power. 

Coll Mark hams name being by some means entred amongst the List 
of the first Purchasers of Lands in this Province for y* quantity of five 
thousand acres tho 1 could never learn that be had any Grant by Deeds 
as all other Purchasers had preauming on that while he was Secretary 
of the Province to cause Some Tracts of I.anda in the Countrey and Lotta 
In the City to be survey 'd to him. The late Proprietor coming over in 
the year 1699 with whom I also at the same time came as his Secretary, 
being offended with that Gentleman for some part of hia Conduct aa 
Govern' which he then was, objected also to him that he had pretmrned 
to make those surveys without any right, and therefore declared them 

Jacob Regnier with whom I had an intimate acquaintance having 
married Govern^ 3rlarkham*a wife's daughter in his irequent journeys 
between New York & Maryl^ applied to me to know whether on a 
Grant to him from his father in law he might not have some of that 
Land, I told him the case, and so it lay for many years after. 

One Theodore Colby Nephew to Govern^ Markhams* Widow upon 
some eocouragem* from hia Aunt came over to her from London about 
the year 1717 or 1718 to New York, where great notice was taken of 
him for his Integrity and some other qualities by Brigadier Hunter then 
Govern^ of New York who was known to eipreas a particular friendship 
for me. He in discourse with T. Colby found j* Ghent was under soma 
djaappointm** in hia expectations from hia Aunt, but understood that 
she had offered him between 2^3 thous^ acres of the Land her deceased 
husband had Claimed in Pensilv** which might be of some value to him 
if he could procure it. The Brigadier hereupon aa the Widow expected 
made use of his Interest with me while I was at N. Y^ork on some 
public busineas in y« Month of May A June. 1719 & to try to obtain a 
Grant of tho Land for him. I answered as I could not find Coll. 
Markham ever had any Right it was not in mine or our Commission" 
Power to give the Land and if he ever obtained it, it must be by a Grant 
directly from the Proprietor's Heirs or Exet. The Brigadier being then 
extreamly afflicted with y* Sciatica had some thought of taking a Voyage 
to Britain to try for a Cure h desired that in case he went I would give 
him a Lett to the Exec'' in Colby *s favour and he would himself 


Note» and Queries, 

SoUicite it I desired to See the Eight that he claim*d by, upon w*^ before 
I left N* York T. Colby produced some an Authentic Deed from hi* 
Aunt for 2400 Acres of it, and at the Same time a Copy of it Sign*d aa 
I remember by the Same Witnesses that had aign*d the Original, He 
alao gave me a Petition to the CommissioDers which he begg'd me to lay 
before them in case the Brigadier should not embark for England. But 
he did embark the following July and forwarded my Letf^ as directed. 
Yet nothing was done in it till Colby in the year 1722 went over him- 
self and then waiting on M" Penn with a Lett' from the Brigadier, he 
procured her Letter to me of ye 25*** of febry 172} directing that Theod. 
Colby should have the sd 240Q Acres of Land & also that the Remaind' 
of the 5000 Acres should be granted to Buch as had the right of claim 
under W* Markham w*^ Lett^ I have, he also obtained a Duplicate of 
it directed to y" Widow Markham that by vertue of those who claimed 
the Remaind' might obtain it Theod. Colby inclosing this Lett' to me 
in his own of the 8 March fallowing viz 172} desired 1 would help him 
in the disposal of the Land, an opportunity for Engl* presenting very 
soon after my Eeceipt of it I told him I designed to embark myself for 
EngKd the Same Summer accordingly I did embark and arrived in 
London ye Noi*^^ following where T. Colby soon met me & eameatly 
press M me to buy his Land but he was in so weak a State of health that 
he appeared to me unfit for business Sc his distemper grew so fast on him 
that the next Spring it terminated in Distraction w^^ brought him up to 
oae of those houses provided for pereona in that Condition where not 
long after he ended his Life. 

James Steel being at N. York in the year 1726 he purchased of the 
Widow Brown and her Daughter 2000 Acres of the Remainder of Coll. 
Markham's for w*" on his Return he produced to the Comm" her 
Daughter Joannah*a D#ed as also that other Duplicate of M" Penn*B 
own Lett^ to make good the claim, and he then told me the Widow had 
given him an Instruction where Theod, Colby's heirs might be found ta 
Lond if he had any Inclination to purchase his Land. Accordingly 
going over himself to Engl' in 1729 he made the Purchase* 

It therefore appears to me somewhat Surprizing how the Widow 
Brown could possibly be persuaded to represent her case as She calls it 
in a Manner so inconsistent with common Juitice and in some part with 
her own knowledge^ but probably she knew not the whole. Th© 
Widow Markham's Original Deed to her Nephew w*** as I have said was 
produced to me it seems is not now to be found. 

Theod^ Colby as appears by his Letf* ti> me of w<* I have Several, 
when he left New York in 1722 fully intended to return thither within 
one year, & therefore probably not expecting an opp*^ of disposing ot 
the Land in Engl* if he should obtain it, for w*^ he depended on my 
Lett*^ to Mrs. Penn and not on his Deed from his Aunt, he might 
probably I aay leave the Deed in N. York and if so some there might b6 
the most capable of accounting for iL But C^ll Markham had no Deeds 
and the Grant depends wholly on Mrs. Penns Lett' whit-h expressly 
gives those 2400 Acres to Theodor Colby therefore if there never had been 
a Deed to him from Ms Aunt the Right from him is good. But that 
there truly was such a Deed of which I had and brought with me a true 
Copy still in being I am an Evidence which I here certify under my 
hand this 25*^ of June 1734. 

J. L. 

Notes and Queries, 


LciTKR OF Djlvw Powsll TO Jambs Looak, 1725. — 
lov: ffriknd > 

James Looak, | 

I have So m&ny Times Attended & desired the Meeting of the Cohub- 
flioners (of which thou Art chiefly concerned) That I have almoet 
wearied mj Self But my Interest so very much now Sufierring and I 
being Aged and weak and not knowing how soon I may be Seized with 
Sicknew and po not be able to Attend my own Affaini of any kind. I 
Therefore with due Submission for the Considerations affs^ Begg thou 
wilt be pleased to faTour me with Appointing Some Speedy time of 
hearing & considering of my Acco**. I have that Confidence that I can 
prevail with my fr^* HiJl & Norria if thou pleaae to Appoint But know- 
ing that thou art b^t Acquainted with Ace*" of that kind Therefore my 
Chief Dependance ia on thee for Justice And therefore Desire thou 
wouldfit be pleased to favour me so far as not to occation me to Give 
thee farther trouble in this a0atr. 

Thy Speedy Answer and Complyance with 
My request will much oblige 

Thy friend 
Philad* ^^ y* %8^ 1725. David Powxl. 



ALEXAKD&iAf 13*^ Jnne 1764. 
Mbbs'* Thdmab a Joseph Whabtok, 


I was favoured with your very oblig- 
ing Letter of the 7** of April To which you wou'd have Received an 
Answer long before this but that I hoped by delaying I shouM be en- 
abled to write still more to your satisfaction relative to several particu- 
lars you were desirous of being made acquainted with A which wou'd 
have given me great satisfaction to have communicated to you. 

A Survey of the increase of the Numbers of People & Value 
of Lauds of our Frontier and adjacent Counties for some years past I 
, thought might be both Useful and interesting. A Gentleman well quali- 
) fied for the Purpose from his having successively fiird a Variety of 
I Public Poets in one of the Remote Counties engaged to furnish me with 
I all the materials necessary^ I make no doubt he has them in readiness. 
(But of Late the Savages have cutt off almost all Communications 
I between the back Inhabitants and us. 

The Deeds for the Land upon Potomack in Frederick County I will 
send to you by the first good Opportunity after I have been in that 
C<:)unty (being there lodg'd in the Clerk's Office), which I expect will 
be in a Week or ten Days. If the Indiana will give me Leave. 

The 400 Acres of Land Adjoining the Lands for which you have 
Deeds already would have been Surveyed and deeded before this Time 
but through a Neglect of the Surveyors to take from the Offic Books the 
Courses of the pre surveyM Tracts. I think there is no Sort of Doubt 
of its being done next Winter sooner I*m Apprehensive it cannot be 
done with Safety however 1 shall take particular care by regularly 
renewing the Warrant to prevent its falling into the Hands of any 
Person else. 


Notes and Queries. 

Yoa may Aafture yourselves, My much valued Frienda 1 that I will 
n^Iect nothing in my Power that may redound to your advantage. If 
the dedestable Savages had not prevented us you wou'd have had the 
Lands you Feque&ted taken up for you before this Time, 

But aa Cor* W Caatin (Tlip Proprietors Agent) has determined Not to 
ret^eive aiiy Entries or grant any Warraiitd for these ae yet untouched 
Lands Before He has first of all eurvey'd for himself 10,(iOO Acres He 
intended it last Spring & I \va^ tu have been of the Party, (If the 
Indians had not interposed) After having done which he designed to 
give leave to any Person Rsklng it to make 2 Entries of 400 or 500 acres 
«ach, I should Necessarily have had the firnt Chance and depend upon 
it my worthy Frientis wouM not have been forgot. I expect we shall 
gat it done next Winter if the Season is att all Favourable. 

I was going to send you (unconsiderately) a Paltry Survey of Lord 
Fairfax's Grant commonly called the Northern Neck But as it was by 
no means worth your paying po&tage for^ I Resolved to postpone it till 
I wou'd meet with a better. The Mapuuiker had not ev^^n so much as 
taken Notice of the South Branch of Poti>mack or as the Indians call it 
the great Wappacomo, Though it is much longer Si larger River than 
the North Branch before their Conflux. Nor has he mentioned Patter- 
eon's Creek so famous for its fine Lands & the great Extent of Country 
it runs through. 

Lord Fairfax promis'd to send me a large &. well finished one But I 
imagine he has forgot it 

Col* George Washington tells me that you will Receive more Satisfac- 
tion from JefTersons & Fry's Map of Virginia than from any other it is 
probable you may have of ihem in Philadelphia If there had been any 
Here I wou^d have contrived you one. 

Whatever Relates to the Lands I purchased for you since I liad the 
Pleasure of seeing you will be mentioned in my Letter to Mr. Joseph 

A g*)od part of the Wines turu'd out very indiflerently in Spite of 
good Cellan and all the Pains I cou'd take, They were not to be pre- 
vented from becoming Sour, 

The Pipe of Wine I had from Mr. Tho' Wharton though I caanot say 
it is prick^ yet neither its Flavour or Colour by any Means Please. I 
have not been uhle to Bell it for near what it cost me. Perhaps it may 
have been used 111 on Board the Vessel. 

Pray Let me be remembered in the most respectful manner to Both 
your Ladies & believe me to be with great Affection and Esteem 

Your Sincere Friend & Hble Serv* 
Joseph Watsok. 

Lbtter op John Hughes to Thomas Wharton, 1769. — 

Upper Mbbbjon, June 7** 1769. 

I have now waited a long Time expecting that a little cool Reflection 
would bring you to Reason and Justice, I therefore once more call 
upon yon by the Bearer my Son John to pay your Note of Hand. 
And I alto requ^t that yon will by Letter delivered him let me know 
when you will pay it, and also what Time I shall call to leave the 

Notes and Queries. 

Article Bigii*d relative to the Ri»iduary Bum that may become due, there 
being already a Part of the Land snld and the Money or at leaat the 
Bonds for my Part now due to me. If my Son did not talce yon wrong, 
you once express' d a Pleasure in haYing it in your Power to expose me 
in Open Court. If Justice is not done me immediately on the Receipt 
of this, I will apply to the Meeting for it, and if that proves inetfectual 
the Law shall take Place. It is no pleasure to me to expose you or any 
of my former Friends But if you oblige me to it, lis not my Fault. 
Therefore please to remember that you gave Mr. R^ed a Letter in which 
you say you are Beady to execute the Article if I would execute the 
Release, I did the latter, *& if the former if revised or further delayed, 
I shall not only be justified in saying but will publicly declare that the 
Release afores^ was basely and surreptitiously obtained by you. I have 
neither injured you nor yours in any Thing whatsoever & therefore am 
not fearful of any Thing you can justly charge me with, But perhaps it 
may not be amiss in you to recollect that you have said some Things of 
me that you cannot justifie by any means therefore if Recrimination is 
brought forward it shall be your own Act, and not mine. 

I am your illused Friend 
Jov Hughes 
To M' Thomas Wharton. 

LKTTEk OF Mart Siddonb to Thomas Wharton, llbB. — 

Salem June 28, 1758. 
ffriend wharton pleese to send me by the bearer one doson of prityes 
like the patran and three pounds of good freneh indego and I have sent 
by thee bearer three pounds ten shiUing let the indego be good or non^ 
thy complyence will oblige thy friend 

Mart Siddokb. 

to 6 pd« of chacolet I forgot before to mention. 

A School Bill of Charlbs Mifflik, made out in blank by the 
scholar, and filled in by his Master. 


Quarter Bill for Preceding Quarter. 

Dr, Cha' Miiflin to Board & Lodging @ £30 per snn. 
Cloathing at £12. per Aon 

Book)^ 9/ paper, Quills, ink, kt 3/4 
Pocket Money at 6d per week 
Time wou* have been worth 

Whale Cost 


10 . 



IS * 4 

6 . 6 

10 . 

£11 . 

18 . 10 

17 . e 

£1% . 16 

Or. BegAJi to Keep a Diary, June 26 in which Time I said 64 morning 
Lessons ; Read Eng. History^ 69 times, Read Poetry 26 timee, Read 


Notes and Qiteries. 

Roman Hi story 24 times. Attended Lecture on Latin Gram. 62, Ai- 
tende<i Lecture on Eng, Gram. 48 times, Said 82 Lessons in Corn. 
Nepos, Made 48 Latin Ex' Had TryaU for Places at the Table 12 times, 
Place in 1** Class Head B times, Foot none. Absent none, Read 118 
Chapters in the Holy Bible, Attended Divine worship at the Friends 
meeting 12 times, Had 8 Lectures on Gcog. Maps. Wrote 6 Copies, 

Masters Certificate that Charles Miiflin has performed his Ex' wall, 
Studies diligently makes a Very Desirable progress in Learning. 

P. Websteb, 
To Mr Thomas Wharton (his Guardian). 
Sep. 24, 1764. 

Cost of MAHOOAmr Furniture, one hundred and fifty years ago. — 
Thomas Wharton 

To Jaheb Jameb Br, 

Not' 10 

To Mehogony Desk & bookcase 

Half Doz Mehogony Compass Chears 

Seats for same 

Mehogony Tea Table 

G £yea for looking glasses and fixing 

half Doz. plain Cbeara & and one low do 

6 brass handles & 2 Escutchions 

a sett of brass Castors 

fixing 2 Cornishes & repairs 

1/2 Doz Chears ClaV & Stretchers 

Sundry Jobs by the boye 

a p' of bliuds 

22 , 


18 . 

10 . 

1 . 

10 . 

3 . 

5 . 

7 • 


7 , 


9 , 


6 • 

8 . 

9 • 

12 . 

5 . 

1 . 

4 . 

£69 . 

11 . 


An Echo of Germaktoww Academy. — 

Gekmantown Dec^ 24 1762 

I thought it incumbent on me to acquaint you, that my Usher has 
got the smallpox, that you Si Mr. Lewis may consult what Measures art 
to be taken with Mr. Charley [Mifflin]. 

If you de4*ire he should come to Town your Brother's Chair will be 
here to Day for little Joe. I am, 

Your ObligM humble Ser* 

D. Jam. Dove. 
To Thomas Wharton. 

In Memoriam, — 

Halifax May 17*^ 17G8. 
Bespected Friekd 1 
Tho8. Wharton. | 

Thia 18 to desire thee to lay out £20 on a piece of Plate for my kind 
friend, Thy Sister Wharton, please to give my Dearest Love to her and 

Notes and Queries, 


teU her I request it &s & favour ehe will accept it not aa an adequate for 
her aflectiooate regard to my Dear HuBbancJ^ but as from the hand of 
her Dear friend and in Remembrance of him. Thou*l please to put this 
to my private Ace* and not mention it to any |>erBon. 

I am very Respectfully 
Tbou'l be so kind aa not Thy much obliged friend 

to let W, P. see my Letters H. Laycocke. 

bat let them be return' d, 

Letteb of Thomas Livzzey to Thomas Wharton. — 

JoNE 29T11, 1764. 

Respected Friend I've Sent thee bran 

As Neat & Clean as any Man 

Vye took Great Paina for fear of Lobs 

to thee in foundering of thy Horse 

It's Ground With Bur. and Ground so nice 

it Looks as t'was bolted twice 

But that's Nomntter Since it's Such 

thy Mnri Can't ever feed tomuch 

I mean CanH founder if he wou'd 

Tve took Such pains to Make it Good, 

Nor will it Ever Dust his Cloatha 

Nor Give thy horse a Mealy Nose 

And further in its praise Pie Say 

t'wiil Never Make him Runaway 

but if on this alone he*s fed 

a Child may hold him with a thread 

feed freely then Nor be in Doubt 

rie send thee More when this is out. 
It is 30 biishella I have sent thee, and Notwithstanding the Labour 
& Care 1 have taken to oblige thee which the bran itself will testify to 
any one W^ho is a Judge I have Charged only 16 pr, buahell — Lower 
then Can Well be aforded ; but I shall not Regard that as it is to a friend 
— it May appear to thee perhaps that I have Said Rather tomuch in praise 
of the bran yet upon Examination I think it will appear [illegible] 
for if it Doa*t fully answer the Discription I have Given it I should 
Not be unwilling to make some abatement in price^this from thy Most 
Respectful I & Sincere friend 

T— L^ 

ToNsoRiAL Chakges IN 1774. — 

PHILAD'Oct^i 1774 

Ma Thomas Wharton 

To Bryan Hara D^ 
To one yean Sheaving & dressing your W^igs £2.0. 0. 


I take this method of informing you, that I think the above too little 
for doing your business 2/3* of my Customers pays me three pounds & 
year and does not get quite so much done, for instance Messrs John 
Reynell & John Bringhurst pays it, wou'd be much obliged to you to 
consider it, for the Ensuing year» I am Sir Your H'ble Serv* 

Bryak OHara. 


Notes and Queries, 

Letter of TeoMAa Cadell, of London, to Thomas Wharton, 
Sib :~ 

T did myself the pleasure of writiiig a few lines to yon by the Pftclcet 
dated Nov. 28 1772 concerning the Bal lance due me from Meea' Brad- 
ford reque-sting you to recover that BaMaoce without further delay. 
Since this I have not heard from you which makes me trouble you with 
this earnestly begging you will act in this affiiir with all possible 
dispatch. In expectation of hearing from you soon I remain Sir^ 

Your nioflt Hble. Serv* 
London, Thos. Cadell. 

August 20, 1778, 

I saw your Brother a few days ago in good health and spirits. 


Philadelphia, with power to settle account with James Logan, 


London y 9 Aprill 1730 
James Steele 
EflTEEMED Friend. 

The other side are a few Qyeries which relate to our affaires in the 
Mannr" of SleiniDg & Mouotjoy in Fenntijvania which I earnestly In- 
treat thee to prevaile with my friend James Logan to answer Fticulary 
for I have been Kept in the darke a great many years I hope that James 
will explalne the^se Queryes wth trotible to thee and that thee wiH 
speedily after it will please Gk>d that the arrives send me an account 
there of and Excuse this trouble from me who am 

Thy Assured faithful friend 


London y* 4^ May 1780 
James Steele. 
Respected fkiend. 

The Inctosttd is a Bond of my Brother in Law Bees Thomas who for 
7 years past Sc more I have sollicited to aetle account but could never 
prevaile with him to do it therefore I Desire thee to putt this Inclosed 
Letter of Attorney in Execution and receive the money arising from the 
Bond for my use flforthwith & pleass to pay thy self Co mission and all 
other Expenses which will very much oblidge 
In hast 

Thy assured Friend 
Wk Aubrey. 

1701. The Man' of fleming laid out in 1701 & surveyed by Henry 
HoUingsworth in 1707 was 16000 acres of Land as appears by ye Pattent 
for which I allowed J: Logan £10,15' for surveying at 26* V m* as 
appears by hia account. 

In 1723 James Logan sends me an account wherein it appears that 
then he bad sold But 5964 Acres of it att the same time he alsoe sends 
me Inaac Taylers Letter to him which gives y* pticulars of about 70OO 

Notes and Queries. 


acres which were then unsold as appears b^ the Draught of j' same for 
which Draught & Survejr I paid J t Logan £20, aa appc^irs by hia 
account iient me then. 

Q: L What become of 2000 acres misamg in j* above account and 
alsoe what become of j* 7000 acres which appeared then to be unsold if 
any of it is sold when sold, to whom sold what price it is sotd for and 
what is become of the money for I have not received above £600 on y» 
account for 7 yean past and on y* account of Bonds due to me att that 
time as appears by J. L. account to be about £480 besides Interest on 
said bonds ever since. 

In 1707 there was 5000 acres of Land surveyed in the County of 
Chester as I doe aprehend for my Dear wife in 8' Jn" Fagg's name for 
which Surrey I allowed James Logan as appears by his account £8.1.8. 
and to Tho. Storey for Registring 3 pattents £3.6.4. 

Q: 2^. What is become of that 6000 acres alaoe I hope that James 
Logan will not suffer ua to be wronged of it our Father Penn Left Land 
Enough to make good his pattents especially to y* Child of her that 
brought him twenty thousand pounds fortune whose Estate Layd j* 
foundation of the province. 

The Man' of Mouotjoy as appears by the Pattent was 7000 Acres. I 
never had an account but of 600 acres of it Sold. A y' was before 1723. 

Q: 8*. Whats become of y* rest of that Man' how much aold» when 
sold^ what price sold for and to whom sold what Quitt rent is paid Sl how 
much Land is Liable to pay Quitt rent and what reason Can be given 
that the Liberty Land belonging to it was not taken up which I am sure 
was Intended my wife by hex father and is our Due yett whj I have not 
a Draught of it tho* Boe often de3ired and how much of y* High Street 
Iiott and the other Lotts belonging to that man' is there unsold. 

Q. 4. What Reason can be given that Rees Thomas his account 
(which I have soe often pressed & been very uneasy ai>out) cannot be 

Q. &. Why Ralph Ashton is sufiered to abuse me soe long in not 
paying me my money Laid out for him soe long since. 

James Logans Letters of y* 7 4 18 8br 1728 writes that our Land in 
y" Man*^ of Steining are claimed by y* Crown St. Lord Baltimore and that 
he will not endanger bim^lf to Lye in a jayle In making Sale of them. 
James Logan in his Letter of y* 3' 8br 1729 writes to j* same effect and 
that noe Attorney in his senses will warrant y* Sale of Steining Land 
and that he was to meet Resse Thomas y* week following to Settle with 

J. Logan his Letter of y* 15 9br 1729 to y* same effect Butt noe ac* 
count that Rees Thomas had settled with him. 

Lettes of Jamjes Stsbl to Thoilaj Stort of London, Relat- 
ing TO Lajstdb in Pekkstlvawia. — 

Philada. 30*^ &" 171S. 
estsemed fpr^ ) 

Tho: Story ) 

I have thine of y* H** 5** last p Jehu Curtis who arrived here about 
two weeks since. In answer whereunto please to take the following 
acco* (viz) 

I Bnde in the list of ffiret purchassen one John Jones of London for 
500 Acres of Land and that two warrants were granted for the laying of 

^VOL. XXXIIL — 24 


Notes and Queries. 

it out one of which was granted to Henry Waddy for 250 a*& dated y* 
140. 5a* ieg4 tj^^ ^^^^^ ^ JqJjq jt^gti dated y 24"* T"-' in y Sanie year 
for 240 acres together with the Lot & Liberty Lands the Lott fails on 
Schuylkill Side of the City. 

To the Warrants there are noe Returns in the office but in the Map 
of the Province there is a Tract hi id down for 500 acres in Wanuinflter 
Townahip, Bucks County and in my hands a Draught of the like quan- 
tity located by T. ffairman as he Saves in the Same place for John Jones 
and yet Vim without any other clatm to it aa I can underttaDd by any 
person I have enquired of. The Writings in my hands concerning it, 
are only the aHidvita of two psons taken before the Mayor & Alderman 
of London certified under the City Seal Testifying that EJiz. Hilton was 
the only Sister 4t Heir of John Jones and her Power of Attorney to Gilb, 
flalconar to Sell the Land, and also Gilbt. Mollesuns Letter to GifiT. in 
favour of the Widow, A the above Draught from T. ff. 

The original Deeds (or Copies) I have never Seen nor any other writ- 
ing concerning it more than 1 have mentioned. 

As for the Sale thou mentions made to Jn*^ Hart I know nothing of it 
but soon after the papers were put in my hands I agreed with one Henry 
Comly who lives near the Land that he should have it for 100 SterL 
upon payment whereof he was to take his Title from the Woman but he 
soon after declined his bargain, since which several persons has oflfered 
to buy but cannot pay as I would have them, but one Isaac Knight was 
with me yesterday to treat about it who inclines to have it and says he 
can pay in some short time, he is gon to view it & is then to give me hit 
answer ; with kinde love and respect I am 

Thy Assured Lo, fir** 

James Steel. 

Marcus Hdlings Leases a Tkact of Land in Manatawny 
Township to Mining Compan>% 1723» — 

Articles of Agreement made the fourteenth day of January Anno 
172f Between Marcus Huling of Manatawney in the County of Phila- 
delphia yeoman of the one part and Jonathan Robeson of the Same 
County William Branson of the City of Philad* Thomas Shute of y* 
Bd County of Philad* Nicholas Scull h James Steel both of y* said City 
of the other part Witne^aetk that the said Marcus Huling for the 
Considerations herein after mentioned doth Covenant & agree to & with 
the said Jonathan Robeson William Branson Thomas Shute Nicholas 
Scull & James St«el that they with their Servants Shall Enter into h 
upon the Tract of Land belonging to the said Marcus Huling Scituate 
in the Township of Manatawney aforesaid Containing two hundred 
Acres and thereon to digg & Sink proper Pitts <fe Wells for the finding 
of Mine Oar and after the same shall be found 8^ discovered that the 
said persona Shall have free Liberty to carry away the same and also 
be allowed to cut & fell such Timber and Wood on the said Tract of 
Land as shall be Needfull for the Carrying on <fe Supplying this present 
nndertaking and Agreement which is to Continue & be in force for the 
Term of Thirty years next ensuing ye date hereof. In Consideration 
whereof the said Jonathan Robeson William Branson Thomas Shute 
Nicholas Scull and James Steel doe hereby promise & agree to pay unto* 
the said Marcus Huling or to his Assigns One Clear Sixth part of all 
the Oar that shall be found by them or their Servants on the said Tract 

Notes and Queries, 


of Land free of St from all Coet A Obarge in Dag^ng the saine and AIbo 
the first Ton & half of Oar that shall be digged to hia own proper use, 
And further the said parties do mutually agree to make & Execute auch 
further Articles Covenants & Writings aa from time to time shall be 
found needfull for the more eflectuall carrying on this undertaking and 
for the true performance hereof Each party hereby becomes bound unto 
the other in the Sum of one Thousand pounds of Law full Money of 
America Witness their hands Sl Seals the day & year first alxive 

NiCH* Scull I l. s. I 

JaMIS 6t£EL ] L. 8. 


Willi BaAireON | l, 8, | 

Thomab Shute I l- ^^ I 

The within Instrument wai^ Sealed A Delivered in the presence ot 
John Willmertoji, 
? Leshes. 

MBMORAifTDTjitf The within named Jonathan Robeson William 
Branson Thomas Shute Nicholas Scull & James Steel Do hereby Con* 
sent A Agree to associate & take into their part of the within agree- 
ment, John Warder Barnabas Roades John Ball John Scull and William 
Shute Who Do promise & engage in the same penalty the within named 
persons have subscribed to, that they will together with thera promote 
& prosecute the within undertaking according to the Articles already 
executed or which shall hereafter by them Signed & Executed, on the 
same Terms and Shares therein Expressed or which may hereafter be 
further agreed to Witness their hands & Seals the 19**^ day of y' first 
Month 172f. 

Sealed Sl DeliTered in 
ye presence of 

THOMAfi Sharp. 

Mart Boyden, 

JoHjr Wabdeb I l. 8. I 


John Ball | l. 8. I 

A CJOPY OP Will of Samuel Eicbarjtson, of Philadelphia, 

I Samuel Hichardson of the City of Philad' In the Province of Pensyl- 
Tania, Gent, being Aged and Infirm in Body but of Sound Mind and 
Memory and Considering the ffirailty of Life and that all flesh must Dye 


Notes and Qtieries. 

Do make aDd ordjiin this my Lait Will ^ tesUmeiit as follows revokiug 
nil former & and other Wilts Legacfs and Bequests. 

First I will that all mj Just Debts and funerale Expenses be Dttly 
Paid A Discharged 

Also I Qire Derise Sl Bequeath unto my Dear Wife Eliaabetb during 
her Natural Life the Yearly Rent of three Pounds one shilliDgs it three 
Pence payable from Hugh i^owdon & bis Heirs — Three Pounds Yearly 
Rent due from Ahram Bickley^ Five Pounds seiren Bhilllnga & llire<e 
Pence due from James Jacob yearly^ — Twi> Pounds yearly due from 
T bo mas Tresse — One Pound yearly Rent due on Ace* of the Houise St, 
Lott Mary Pain widow Lives in St thirty fthillings yearly RrntB due from 
Stephen Stapler and Mary Apple ton all which said 8uma beiog Ground 
Rents my Exc*" shall yearly Pay Uj my sd Wife for hvr own Use and 
Support every year so long as she Lives. 

Alio I give and bequeath unto my Son in Law William Hudson ot 
the City of Philada Tanner one Pound ten Shillings & eight Pence 
Yearly Rents due from John Jones— three Pounds twelve BbiJlings dtie 
from James Tutthil^ — one Pound sixteen Hhillings due from Anthony 
Morris for the White Hart — three Pounds twelve Bb tilings due from 
Hanimh England — one Pound sixteen Shillings due from PenUcost 
Wayne — three Pounds twelve ShilliniscB due from Nalhamel Edgoomb^ 
and two Pounds five Shillings from Ma.ry C«)oke All which sd siuns are 
yearly Ground Rents issuing out of certain Lott!» of Land on the Nortli 
Bide of High Street in Phi lad* held of me for a term of years part un- 
expired be the »d William Hudson shall yearly receive and take during 
the Natural Life of my L>aughter in Law Elizabeth Ricbardiion after 
whose Decease all the sd Ground Rents in High Street I hereby give 
devise & bequeath unto my son Joseph Richardson & bis Heirs forever — 
and I also do give and bequetitb unto William HudHon during the 
aforesM Elizabeth Ricbardiion!^ Life four Pounds two Shillings ^ laiix 
Pence yearly due from Randel Bpeitkman — also I give and lierjueatli 
unto my afores*d Son Joseph my Great Copper and Great frying Puna^ 
also I give iind bequeath unto the afore»'d Elizabeth Richardson my 
Great Silver tankard which shall be wholly Sl for her own use A at her 
disposal only — Also I give devise & bequeath unt^j my Daughter Ann 
Cartlidge twenty Pounds Lawful Money of America & to each of my 
sd Daughter Ann's children by Edward I^ane being six in number 
namely William, Samuel, James, Eleanor^ Elizabeth and Anne the sani 
of five Pounds a piece h to each of her the sd Anns three childi-en by 
Edm^ Cartledge eight Pounds a piece & l do also hereby give & be- 
queath unto each of my son Josephs seven Children Aubrey, Edward, 
Richard, William, Eleanor, Barbara & Elizabeth, ten Pounds apiece 
and I do also give and bequeath unto my Great Grand Daughter Hannali 
Cock field daughter of Joshua Cockfield the sum of four Pounds all 
which Legacies my Exe" after my Wifes decease shall unto each of the 
afores'd Legatees out of my E^tats on the Banks of Delaware in Philada* 
As the sd Legetees respectively attain unto the age of one A twenty 
years or day of Marriage which shall happen first for Paying & towards 
Discharging whereof I do hereby fully Impower Sl Authorbe my Exec"^ 
herein after named after my sd Wifes decease to sell grant & convey all 
my sd Estate on the sd Banks aforet^d unto any Purchaser or Purchasers 
and their Heirs and Assigns forever as fully to all iutent^^ as I could do 
in person And one of my Exec^ dying the survyo' shall have full Power 

Notes and Queries. 


to Execute the f?aiiie as fully as if the otber were Living Also I give 
devise & bequoath unto my aon in Jaw W" Hudson aforesd his Heirs A 
Afiaigna forever All that front hou^ Sc Lott where Tho* Tresse now lives 
he paying unto each of his eight children Sajnuel, William, John, 
Mary, Elimbeth, SuaaDnab, Hannah Sc Rachel the turn of five Poands 
apiece Also I give A bequeath unto my Wife aforeed my Least Silver 
tankard, one Silver porringer one Silver spoon & my Warming Pan 
together also with one half part of all my household Goods Bedding 
and furniture Also I give aiid bequeath unto my two Grandsons ♦Samuel 
Eichardaon & John Richardaoo all my wearing apparell to be equally 
divided between them share & share alike And I do hereby also give i 
bequeath unto the said Samuel Richardson my grandson one full half 
part of all my house bold Goods Bedding and furniture Also I give and 
bequeath after my Wifes decease my Negro Woman Dinnah unto my 
daughter Ann Cartledge aforesd And I do hereby nominate Williarn 
Hudson afores<l and his son Samuel Hudson Exc" of this my Last Will 
Sl teatament unt*3 each of whom I give five Pounds. In Witness whereof 
I the Raid Samuel Richardson have sett my Hand & Seal unto this my 
Last Will & teatameut dated the six Day of the fourth month called 
June in the fifth year of the Reign of King George over Brittain &c 
and in the year of our Lord God 1719 

Samuel Bichabd^on. 


Signed Sealed & Delivered by the ad Samuel Richardson as his last 
will & testament in the Preaenee of the Interlination on the other aide 
of four Pounds two Shillings & six Pence yearly due from Randel Spack- 
man being made before signing. 

Abraham Biceley, 

John Oodok, 

John Cadwaladeb. 

Isaac Kokbis on Pirates, 1699. [Norria Manuacripta, Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania,] — 

Philadelphia tha 9^ 4 mo. 1699. 
My Dear f&d. 

Jonathan Dickinson. 

These cornea via N. York at uncertenty soe write a few lines for cover 
to thy Wives giveiug the account of our Continued health and mercy es — 
wee count y* Days of thy absence and begin now to hope thou art a 

Norman put up for Jamaicai but when all most full altered hii voyage 
and turned of again the 4 barrel Is of Flower for ad : Cohen by thy order 
MilJer In New-Castle aa cleared for Jamaicai but Refused fr* and I 
beleive it la but a cover for Caladonia tho our Govemoure Proclaima- 
tion by the Kings order has bin out against all Trade with them, 

Thomas Storry and Roger Gill yester day came up — Aron Is eomeing 
up a Gain. 

We have 4 men in prison taken up as Piratessuppoeed to be Kidds men. 
Shelly of York has brought to those parts Some Scores of y* and there 
Is Sharp a looking out to take y* we have various Reports a bo* their 
Richea and Some talk of much Money hid between this and the capes, 


Notes and Queries, 

there was Landed abo^ 20 men as we understand at Each Cape and 
Beverall gone to York, 

We hear a Sloope has bin seen CrulBding of the capea this eonaider- 
abie Time But has not medled with any vessells yett. Tho' Spoke with 
Severall Inward Bound Hitchins and Butterworth sailed last week If 
they be Rogues outward bound I fear thy'le plunder them thy wife and 
children well with flrds. Grenerally with Dear Love conclude thine 


My wife and aisters and all Love to thee My Sbter mightely pleased 
and Satisfied in thy wifea Company and Society as well as wee In her 
near Neiboured And I hope oura ia not uneasy to her. 

Deare flErd, Philai>^ ye 6-6 Mo. 1699* 

Abra. John. 

It being Some time Since I wrote to thee, my friend Ship & Love 
makes me Embrace the Convey an cey by Jn" Cropp, haveing noe other 
Buiesniess but y^ Dutey of Cor rea ponding, and to Remitt the of y* 
prommice of Seeing ub at our Yearly metting Tho. Storey Sc Roger 
Gill are Gone for New England — Aron is Gone for Shrosberrey we sup* 
pose they all Intend to be at or : Meeting I am oblidged & Gratefully 
acknowledge thy Eememberance of me Verbally by our Frd* Tho thou 
could not Daigne to write. 

The Earle Galley from Bristoll arrived here y* 28 Ultimo w*** ab' 160 
passengers wee Expect Thomas Musgrave In a Ship from Liverpoole 

Govern er Penn has haired a Ship So y* we have now Greater hopes of 
of Seeing him y* Ever* Coll. ham i! ton Is at 8eay tia Supposed Sc h 
Gover"^ of y* Jerseys* 

I need not advise the that Kidd and his men have been on these 
Coasts — hereing that Some of y*" are Taken up w^ you — But it may be 
proper to tell the y* Kidd Landed on Long Island from whence he Took 
of Jtt. Em mot a Lawyer of New York. And Carry ed him Towards 
Boston the Acco* of his Negotiation there thou haat by the Inclosed 8t : 
from the Earle Bellamont Some say Kidd Is Gone In Upon it w**' I Ques- 
tion for the Letter Seems to me Either a Decoy or a hook bated & heav'd 
out for a Little of that Same, tho' we must not Judge y* Action of great 
men this being but a flash of opinion on the first Reading for I just 
now Rece* it by the post AH weat Indies Goods verry deare w"" us, as 
In Barbadoea too I have advise 4'*' S mo, Tobacocs Scarce worth fr* & 
Cuatome at Bristoll but no newse of this Kind can be Sent you I Know 
not what wadd further nor how far this Rambling Stuff may be accept- 
able Yett having Comitted it worth my while to write thou May ac<tount 
it worth y* Receiving from tby Assured frd, L NOHEIS. 

I hope thou had thy bread Safe, our family all well & thirea Loves 
w'^ mine to thy father mother & wife &c Richd. has bin out of ord' 
w* a ftore-throat but Prettey well a Gaine. 

A Bit of Gebmantown School Histoby, 1768. — 

Geemantown Sept' 26* 1763. 
Gentlemen — 

After Meeting this Morning at Seven o'clock we sent a Letter Requeet- 
ing your Meeting us at Three in the afternoon When our Messenger 
Informed us one was gone out of town and the others so Engaged in 

Nates and Queries. 


their own priTet affairs that they CJould not attend. Therefore wee take 
this second Oppertunety (in one Day) to Let you Know that wee have 
Done Nothing, but adjurn'd till tomorrow at Ten o'clock at which time 
wee Emestly Request you Will Meet us to Take Poaaession of the 
Schooihouse that Webster may Enter Ag^reeable to our contract with 
him. Wee pay Bf> much Respect to you Cityiens that wee are Deter- 
mined to r>o Nothing in the present afikini without you Except yoa 
Which wee Cannot Suspect Should prove Cowards in the Day of Battle 
Untill which time wee Shall Subscribe our Selvea your Real friends 
My fr* George Absetnz. 

I will wttite on Thoa Wharton Chmstopher Sowse, 

tomorrow Morning 9 o'clock, John Jonbs, 

if he goes in a Chair Fll Rich JoHysOBT, 

take a Seat, if not attend Jacob Naolbe, 

him on Horseback, & Convince NrcLAua Rittinghousk, 

those Gent at Germt. we are not John Vandiben, 

cowards. J. G. Tbo Litbzey. 

, — • — . William Markham to Sitrveyor General 

I EAL I 'J^**^**^ Holme, 1G89.— 

I ^ J Whereai* there waa fiformerly a tract of Land of three 

^— v^ thousand acrea Lay*d out on ye Skulkill ffor Wm. Mark- 
ham Purch* adjo)Tiing to ye Proprietory Mannour of Gil- 
berts as it now stands in y' printed Mapp of y* Improved part of Penn- 
ailvania ffbr y* Laying out of w*"^ tract there was no warr* but only a 
verball ded" to y' Sunrey" Deputy And whereas there le ffive hundred 
acres of Laud Contiguous unt^j y* aforesaid tract w** was ffbrmerly layd 
out unto Jacob PoUisaon by vertue of a warr* ffrom y" Commissioners 
bearing date y*' 7"* day of y* 12* month 168? upon Rent and y* Said 
Jacob Poliisson being absent oat of the Province and hath been about 
Two Years and no Improvement being made thereon according to 

Th€»e are therefore in y* Proprietors name to will and There to Make 
retume to y* Secretarys office of both the aforesaid tracts of Land in one 
tract in y* name and for y* aforesaid W" Markham ^is part of hia purchase 
w** y* Exact bounds and time they were layd out Dat at Philadelphia 
y* 9** day of ye Third mo 168^ 

To Capt. Tho, Holme Wm Markham 

Sunrey Gen*" 

Accounts Cowcbbking thr BtriLDiifG of the Stonb Mretiko 
HOUSR AT Germantown, A.D. 1706.— 

This Meeting House stood in the East comer of the Burying Ground 
on the Southwest side of the Gennantown Main street, about 126 feet 
Northwest of the present Coulter Street. The following abatracts are 
made from the ** Account/' in the custody of Germantown Preparative 
Meeting of Friends, written on Rittenhouse Mill paper, in the hand- 
writing of Francis Daniel Pastorius. 

** Anno 1705 the 20th of 4th months Friends of Germantown bo*t of 
Heivert Pa pen a Lott or fifty acres of land for the sum of Sixty Pounds 
Curr't iilver money of Pensilvaiiia." 

'* SUB90EIPTION of FriendB belonging to Germantown Meeting and 
paid as foUoweth/' by Aret Klincken, John Laken, William StreperSi 


Nates and Queries, 

Denis EuDden>, Lenert Arete, Peter Shoemater, Paul Wolff, Thomas 
Potte, Sen'r, James Delaplaine, Isaac Shoemaker, Jacob Shoemaker, 
Matthew Milwn, William Wilkinsen^ Abraham Tunes, Francis Daniel 
PaistoriuB, Peter Clever, Johanes Kuder, Dirk Janeen, Wolter Simcns, 
Simon Andrew, John Griflith, Paul K^tner, Andrew Kramer, Ellas 
Burley, Mary Doeden, Anthony Loof, Cunrad Cunders (in all £48. 15«. 
in cash and £70» 5b. 2d. in work and materials), 

^'SuBSCBiPTiOKS by Friends belonging to the Monthly Meeting at 
Philadelphia,'' Paid by Anthony Morris, Samuel Carpenter, Nathan 
Stanbury, John Jimes, Thomas Masters, George Gray, William For- 
reet, Edward Shippen, John Persons, Richard Hill, Thomas Griffith, 
John Goodnon, Nicholas Wain, William Wait, Hugh Derborough, 
Ralph Jackson, Stephen Stapler, David Brintnall, EHaa Hugg, Griffith 
Owen, Mary Iladcock, Thomas Bradford, Daniel Radley, Matthias 
Ballii, James Cooper, Nalh: Puckle, John Fisher, Elizabeth Hill, 
Arthur Starr, Thomas Lyford, Isaac Morris, William Fishbourn, George 
Painter, Peter Stretch, Anne Budd, Stephen Jackson, Clement Plum- 
•ted, Francis Richardson, Alice Guett, George Guett, Caspar Hood, 
Randall Spskeman, Rich Peters, Benjamin Chandlee, James Atkinson, 
John Jones, Jun'r^ Thomas I^^yor, William Yetty, John Gilbert, 
William Fitiher, John Warder, Richard Warder, Joshua Titteiy, 
William Southebee, John Austin, George Fitzwater, John Webb, John 
Bams, James Estaugh, William Diiwyn, Thomas Miller, Jacob Dnrery, 
Thomas Brown, John Piggs, Abel Cottey, Nathjin Fauci t, George 
Claipoole, John Cadwallader, George Harmer, Henry Cliffton, William 
Gorcker» Nathaniel Edttcome, William Carter, Thomas England, William 
Ballay, Samuel Borden, John Davis, Pentencott Teague, Mary C*ook, 
Joshuah Johnson, Abraham Bickly, John Haywood, Richard Iiobinsr>n, 
Daniel or Mary England, I^evin Harberdinck, Michael Walton, John 
Palmer, William Powell, Christopher Blackburn, Christopher Tupham, 
George Emlin, William Powell, Jr,, David Williams, Thomas Eldridge, 
William Till, Solomon Creason, Richard Parker, John Vaughan, John 
Brown, Thomas Worrellah, Thonuis Wharton, Edward Evans, Samuel 
Powell, Nehemiab Allen, William Rnkestraw, Joseph Smith, Samuel 
Preston, David Lloyd. John Otter, Jacob Usher, James Kite, Robert 
Burrow, John Wardner, Abraham Scott, Ellis Jones, W^illiam Hudson, 
Wolter Long, Thomas Shute, Abrahairi Carliel, James Steel, John 
Hendricks, Arnold Cassel, John Mifflin, William Laurence, Riciiard 
Araiitt, Humphry Morry, Anthony Morris, Jr, 

" SuBSCRiFnoN of Friends belonging to Francfort Meeting/' William 
Preston, Edward Orpwood, Edward Buzby, Thomas Persons, Joseph 
Paul, Richard Buaby, John Worrals, Robert Heath, Samuel Richardson, 
William Buzby, Howel James, Geo. Gillingbam, Christopher Sib thorp. 

** Subscription of Friends belonging to the Meeting at Abington.'' 
Samuel Cart, William Clinkius, Stephen Clinkins, Joseph Philipa, 
Evan Morris, Morris Morris, Everhard Boulton, Thomas Cantbee, 
Robert Fletcher, John Cadwailad*, Thomas Kenderdine, Isaac Knight, 
Reiner Tysen, James Williams, John Morgan, John Hurford, Thomaa 
Tuslin, George Gottschick, John Holcomb, Jacob Holcomb, David 
Powell, Joseph Mather, John Jerrot, Geo. Shoemaker, Richard Martin 
William Howell, John Linton, Rc»bert Hugh, William Routledge 
Thomas Powell, Richard Bidgood, Henry Bennet, Samuel Powell, Elia 
David, David Potts, Isaac Cook. (Also) Nicholas Wain, Lenert Areta 

Notes and Queries. 377 

Sc Thomas Potts for lime sold and John Stacy ** the hair which was used 
in the plaistering of the house, gratis." 
The subscriptions in cash and materials were as follows : — 

Germantown Meeting 

Philadelphia '* 

Frankford «• 

Abington '' 

By berry ** 

and in addition in materials, £1. 2. 6, being a total of £899. 6. 8, of 
which was disbursed for 

Gonyeyancing, Ac 
Digging of stone and sand 
Lime at 8d per bushel 
Timber, boards, Ac. at £5 per 1000 ft. 
Shingles at 50s per 1000 

Mason Sc Plastering 
Carpenter work, &. 
Workmen's "dieting," drink, Ac. 
Nails and other iron work 
Qlass windows, 68 feet 
Iron Stoye 
Making fences 
In the aboye account of payments, the following prices of labor and 
materials are giyen. 

Carting of stones or sand 
Digging of '* ** ** per day 
Nails per lb. 

Brandy per quart 

Beer per quart 

Linseed Oil per gallon 

Wheat per bushel 

«Rhy" per bushel 

Lime per bushel 

Boards per 100 

Shingles per 1000 

Apples per bushel 

Mason work & Plaster' g per perch 
Labor per day 

Rum per gallon 

Pasturing per night 

A spade 
Spinning Wheel for Smith's work 

Bennett-Shooklbt Gensaloqical Notes.— Records copied from 
Family Bible in possession of Mrs. Shockley, Milford, Del. — 

Harriot Bennett daughter of John Bennett and of Eliiabeth his wife 
was born the 16th. day of March in the year of our Lord 1816. 


s. d. 











[ of £899. 6. 8, 


s. d. 


2 4 

12 18 4 

28 18 8 


4 6 



22 17 1 






5 1 

6 17 6 



dees of labor ai 


S. D. 

1 6 

1 8 


1 6 


8 9 

5 6 






8 2 


8 6 

8 6 




1 10 



Elizabeth R. Bennett daughter of Geo, Eickards and Patience his wife 
was bom Dec, 15th, day in the year of our Lord 1795. 

John Bennett and Elizabeth R. Bennett were married Jan. 18th. day 
in the year of our Lord 1815. 

NeUemiah Bennett eon of John Bennett and Elizabeth his wife was 
born Jan. Slat. 1819 about the break of day Sunday morning. 

Neheniiah Bennett bom the 15th. day of April in the year of our 
Lord 1768. 

Heater Bennett bom the Slst. day of Dec. in the year of oar Lord 

Abigail Bennett born the 12th. [?] day of Not* in the year of our 
Lord 1780 the daughter of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester. 

Aaron Bennett the son of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester bom the 
11th. day of Dec. in the year of our Lord 1782. 

Patience Bennett the daughter of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester born 
the Cth. day of May in the year of our Lord 1788. 

Hester Bennett the daughter of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester born 
the 22nd. day of Feb, in the year of our Lord 1790. 

Elizabeth Bennett daughter of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester his wife 
was born in the year of our Lord July 6th 1796. 

Elizabeth the wife of Jno. Bennett departed thia life Nov. the 23rd 
day in the year of our Lord 1819 Tuesday about 5 oclock in the mom- 
ing aged 23 yearn 1 1 months and eight days, 

Nehemiah aon of John Bennett and Elizabeth his wife departed this 
life Aug. the 12eh. 1820 at three oclock in the morning aged 18 months 
and 12 days. 

Arcady S. Robinson daughter of John Robinson and Sarah his wife 
was born SOth, of Nov. in the year of our Lord A,D« 1804. 

John Bennett and Arcady 3. Robinson were married 5th of Sept. 
1821 about 5 oclock P.M. Wednesday. 

Joseph Smith Bennett son of John Bennett and Arcady his wife was 
born the 10th, of Oct. A,D. 1822 Thursday about 1 oclock f.M, 

Elizabeth Rickards Bennett daughter of John Bennett and Arcady 
his wife was bom Ist. of Feb. A.D. 1824 about 2 oclock p.m. on Sunday. 

Sarah Bel! Bennett daughter of John Bennett and Arcady his wife was 
born the 6th. of Aug, A.D, 1825 about 3 oclock p.m. on Saturday, 

Hester Bennett the wife of Nehemiah Bennett deed, departed this life 
Feb. 11th. in the year of our Lord 1845 about 6 a^m. aged 85 yra 1 
month and 10 daye. 

William Shockley and Elizabeth Bennett were married Oct. the Uth. 
day in the year of our Lord. 1826. 

William Shockley son of W"" Shockley and Elizabeth his wife waa 
bom Sept. the 10th. in the year of our Lord, 1827, 

Elizabeth B. Shockley daughter of William Shockley and Elizabeth 
his wife was bom May the 24th, day in the year of our Lord 1829. 

The fotlowin^ recordt are in the back of the book : 

William Lofland was born Feb. 1 3th, in the year of our Lord 1771 
his hand and pen witnessing. 

[The above was the only entry on its page.] 

Nates and Qtteries. 


Entries of the ShoMeij Family^ 

William Shockley son of William Shockley and Elizabeth kia wife 
waa born in the year of our Lord 1806, Sept. the 17th day. 

Elizabeth Bennett daughter of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester his wife 
was bom July the 6th. day 1796. 

William 8liockley departed this life at 10 min. after 2 oclock p.m. on 
Wednesday Der. the 30th. in the year of our Lord 1863 aged 67 yrB* 
S months and 13 days. 

Elizabeth Shwkley relict of Wm, Shockley deed, departed this life at 
15 min. after 2 oclock a.m. on Wed. May 19th. in the year of our Lord 
1869 aged 72 years 10 months and IS days. 

Elizabeth B. Shockley daughter of Wm. Shockley and Eliatabeth hia 
wife departed this life Dec. the 30th day in the year of our Lord 1888 
aged four years seven raonths and five days. 

Snow Genealogical Notes, from a Bible belonging to Mn Thomaa 
Curry, near Greenwood, Del., dated Ijondon, 1747. — 

Sarah Snow, daughter of William & Mary Snow, was bora ye 1*^ May 

Rebeckah Snow, daughter of William & Mary Snow, was bom first 
day of December 1765. 

Thomas Snow, son of William & Mary Snow, was bom 3* October 

Henry SnoWj aon of William & Mary Snow, waa born W^ October 

John Snow, sou of William A Mary Snow, waa bom 29^ September 

Bengaman Snow, was bora August 29. 1772. 

Oxford FtTRNACE, New Jersey, 1764. — 

This to Certifie whom it may Concern that I the subscriber hereof 
have been requested by Doctor William Shippen some time In the year 
1761, to aasiHt in appraiseing and valuing the Utenaikj Horses, Car- 
riages, Household furniture, & some dry goods <fec that were at Oxford 
Furnace in the Province of New Jersey, and Conformable to the 
Doctors request I attended several times and at last valued and appraised 
ail things shewed unto me for that purpose (the dry goods excepted) 
which appeared in small Remnants, and had been some time before, 
valued by Richard Shackleton, and that at such an extravagant price, 
as Induced me to defer entering them in the Inventory until! the Origi* 
nal Invoice was produced* 

Witness my hand Ihia 13*^ day of Jan"^ 1764. 

John Hackett* 

Notes Genealooical, Exteacted from 7^ Ihwn and Chuniiy 

MagaHne, London, 1783, — 

IHed, Febry 27, William CliOon Esq. of Tower Hill, one of the 
Loyalists of Philadelphia. 

IHfdt Aug. 10, Mr^ David Barclay, late of Cateaton Street, grandson 
of Mr. Robert Barclay of Uriel, in Scotland, author of the famous 
Apology of Quakers, 


Notes afid Queries. 

HOEFFKER-S&RER N0TE8. — Extracts from tlie BaptUmal Heguttr of 
NiclthiflhauB and HohefeUier, Germany. — 

1704, April ^4, — Anna Eva, daughter of John George and Apolloaia 
Ho<jflrrier. Godmother, Anna Eva, daughter of Wendel Woekeiiweina 
of Hohefelder. 

Marriage Register. — 1750. Aug. 29. John William Sflrer, don of John 
William Surer, and Anna Eva Hoeffner, daughter of John George 

Baptwnai Rtgiater^ Ohcrbeinddtehe^ Church. — 1731, May $4, Maria 
Barbara, daughter of John William aod Anna Eva Surer. Godmother, 
Maria Barbarai daughter of John William Hoeffner. 

17 J^, OcL 16, — Ottilia, daughter of Anna Eva, widow of John Wil- 
liam Surer, and named after Ottilia, single, daughter of Martin Endreeen. 

Five Trebs Make One Cord of Fire Wood, — 
At the request of Benjamin Miiflin we the Subscribers have Counted 
all the Trees that we could come at on the West side of Wissahicon 
road On the Land in Dispute between MiSlins & Shute & find at leaat 
Eleven Hundred & Twenty Two Cut Down within the space of Three 
Yean, as it appears to us, which at an under Computation will make 
Two Hundred A Thirty Four Cord, allowing Five Trees to a Cord, 

Sep' 18" 1768. /X S!:tll^ 

Note of Gekekal Washington to Col. Clement Biddle, writ- 
ten at headquartere, Momstown, N. J., March 20, 1780. Original in 
Manuscript Department, HiBtorical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Cteneral Washington's compliments to Col" Biddle, He would have 
done himself the plerinure to have dined with the C^jI* today without 
the Ceremony of an Invitation in form, would his cngagen[ieDtB ha?e 
20 Minutes after 
4 P.M. 

Pattekson. — Since sending the inquiry about John Patterson, which 
appeared in the January issue of the Pennsylvania Magazine, I find 
that he and his wife and three cliildren are buried in Christ Church, 
Philadelphia. He died Feb, 22, 1798; and his wife Catharine, daugh- 
ter of Robert Livingston, third and last Lord of the Manor, survived 
him nearly thirty- five years. They had at least eight children — five 
Bons and three daughters. Of the sons, Daniel T. Patterson was com- 
modore in the U. S. Navy, and Walter (d. 1852) id buried at Christ 
Church, Was it this Walter Patterson who represented Columbia Co,, 
N, y,, in the Legislature and Senate, 1818-1823? What is known of 
his bTe? 

John Patterson's eldest daughter Maria (or ^lary) Thong became 
Mrs. R. E, Griffith of Philadelphia, Rather curiously her portrait by 
GiJbert Stuart (reproduced in Cmhiry Mafjazine, May, 1899) is referred 
to on page 40 of the Penksylvania Magazine for January, When 
and where was John Patterson married? When waa he born? In the 

Notes and Queries, 


(kniury Magazine he in referred to as ** Major*' Patterson an aide to 
General Aberrrombio when he made the didacitrous attack on Fort 
Ticouderoga, on July 8, 1758. Can theae statements be verified ? His 
name does not, apparently, occur in Ford's Lid of British Officem^ 1755- 
1774 {^' ^' ^' ^ O. Beg., 49); and Claypole*8 American Daily Adrertisfr 
(Feb. 22, 1798) states that he died in his fifty-seventh year. But would 
this not make him too young to act as aide? 

I should like to get in touch with any descendants of John Pattenion. 

Who waa the Walter PatU-reon who died at Baltimore, Bept. 20, 1832, 
" in \m 77th year," and whose fnneral was from the '' reaidence of John 
Clay, 10th St. below Locust," Philadelphia? 

E. C. Archibald, 
Brown University, Providence, E. I. 

McPxKE ATfD Pike Families, — ^The surname McPike occurs several 
times, circa 1776-1781, in the Pennsylvania Archivu,B.i\^ a list of those 
references wtie published in 77* e Celtic Monthly (Glasgow), vol. xtv, 
page 170. The name seems to be quite uncommon, however, both in 
America and Great Britain, although a few membeia of that family 
still reside in Scotland and Ireland, The name ''McPeake*' (perhaps 
allied to McPike) is lees unusual. (See the London Notes and Queries, 
tenth »eries, vol. x, pages 105, 314.) One James McPeak, of Henry 
County, Virginia, appears in the '' lists of persons renouncing allegiance 
to Great Britain and swearing allegiance to the Ck)mmon wealth of 
Virginia" (see Virginia Magazine of History and Bio<jraphy^ Richmond, 
1902, vol. ix, page 12). He may or may not have been identical with 
the writer's ancestor, James McPike, who, according to traditions, 
served under General Anthony Wayne and others and whose military 
services were mentioned in the New York Ocneahgical and Biographic 
caf Record, for January, 1903, vol. xxxiv, page 65 ; also (with new 
facts) in the Magazine of History (New York), March, 1908, vol. vii, 
pp, 167-168. 

The writer would be very grateful for any information concerning the 
marriage of James McPike, circa 1789, to Martha Mountain, daughter 
of J. Mountain, "from New Jersey," A new collection of unedited 
** Extracts from British Archives on the families of Halley, Hawley, 
Pyke, etc.,'* will be published, in pamphlet form, late in the present 

Eugene F. McPike. 
1 Park Row, 

Chict^o, Illinoif. 

Margaret Shippen Arnold. — Where is '* Peggy" Shippen, wife 
of Benedict Arnold, buried? Name of burial ground and location 
requested. V. C. H. 


VERSiTY OP Pennsylvania is Pbepajring a Catalogue to contain 

all of the graduate* and uon -graduate matriculates of the University. 
We append a list of the Medical graduates of whom the committee has 
no information. Our readers will lighten not a little the difficult labors 
of the committee in collecting data of these graduates, some of more 

^^^^^^V Wfi Notes and Queries, 


^^^^^^^B than a century ago, if they 

send at 

once whatever information tbey may ^^^^| 

^^^^^^^1 have to D' Ewing Jordan, 

1510 Walnut St,, Philadelphia. 


^^^^^^^H Information is especiallj ^^^^^ 

' de«ired 

aa lo full name, parents' names, Aill ^^^^M 

^^^^^^^^1 date and place of birth and of death, if married, wife's name, academic ^^^^^1 

^^^^^^^B degrees received, prominent poeitions held, and any printed reference to ^^^^^^| 

^^^^^^^H the men 




^^^^^^^1 Atkinson, Thomas P. 


Martin, Thomas 


^^^^^H Barton, Edward H. 


Mendenhall, Charles 


^^^^^^^H Baxt«r, John, Jr. 


MiDor, Hubbard Taylor 


^^^^^^H Blackford, Thomas Thomberg Pa. 

Moore, Jacob 

Del. ^^H 

^^^^^H Boutin ier, Thomaa 


Paxton, James Walker 


^^^^^^^m Branch, John 


Payne, Charks J. 

v». ^^H 

^^^^^^H Cadwallader, Peter 


Peete, Thomas 

Va. _^B 

^^^^^^F Carter, 


Perry, Wylie 


^^^^^F^ CharleboiB, BasUe 


Pope, William H. 


^^^^F Clark, William Jonea 


Price, William D. 


^^^^^^ ClarksoD, Henry 


Randolph, Jacob 


^^^^^1 Coleman, George Washington Ya* 

Ross, Thomaa E. 


^^^H Coxe, William R. 


Sappington, John K. 


^^^H Cuyler, William Howe 


Shore, E. Robert 


^^^^H Drieh, John 


Smith, George W. 


^^^^H Evans, Thomas B. 


Smith, Henry 


^^^^^^^ Feild, George 


Street, John Parke 


^^^^^^^ft Gregory, Azor L. 


Sumner, George 

Conn. ^H 

^^^^^^^H Harper, William Franklin 


Thttckara, James A. 


I^^^^^^^H HarriBon, Nathaniel 


Thum, George 


^^^^^^^^H Haydock, Edward 


Thweatt, B. Philip 


^^^^^^^H Hume, Alexander 

8. C. 

Tompkins, Samuel Waddy 

S.C. ^^B 

^^^^^H Kemp, Samuel T. 


Tun no, John Champneys 

8. c. _^M 

^^^^^H Kirkland, William L. 

8. a 

Warren, Winslow 

Mass. ^^H 

^^^^^m McCall, John Ward 


Whiteside*, Thomas 


^^^^^^M McPherson, William Smith Pa. 

Wiles, Samuel 


^^^^^^^^^ Makomeon, James H, B» 

8. C. 

Withers, William 




^^^^^^^B Atkinson, John H. 

N. C. 

Cornick, Jamea 


^^^^^^M Beale, Charles 


Craufurd, David 


^^^^^^H Berrien, Richard Macpheraon Ga. 

Dewees, Jacob 


^^^^^^H Boyd, TbomaA Jamea 


Dill, Joseph M. 


^^^^^^^H Broughton, Thomaa 

8. C. 

Dijton, Jamca 


^^^^^^^H Burgin, George Horatio 


Dunbar, William 

Miss. ^^H 

^^^^^^^1 Butler, Isaac 

N, C. 

DuVal, John 


^^^^H Call, George Walker 


Forster, Patrick Henry 


^^^^^^^H Campbell, Hugh 


Gallaher, David 


^^^^^^^ Carothers, John 


Gilliam, Theophiltis Field 

Va. ^m 

^^^^H Clanton, John T. 

N, C. 

Graham, William P. (or A, 

) Va. 1 

^^^H Clark, John Y. 


Gregory, Fendall 

Va. 1 

^^^^H Cobean, Thomas B. 


Hobba,' David 

Va. 1 

^^^^^B Coleman, John R. 

Hokombe, William J* 

Va. ^^J 

^^^H Colee, William D. 


Hutchinson, David 


^^^^H Condi e, David Francis 


James, Thomiia J. 


Notes and Queries. 


Jiggitta, LotiiB Meredith 


JohoBon, John 


Joued, Benjamin A. 


Kirkpatrick, David M. 


Lacey, James Homce 


Ltgare, Thomns, Jr, 

S. C. 

Lewie, Elh'a 


McCullej\ John 


McDowell, William Adair 


Magill, John D. 

8. C. 

Mario w, Thomas 


Mason, John H, Md 

I. Va? 

Merritt, John F. W. 


Miller, Nathaniel M, 


Morton, John Blair 


Mosely, William P. 


Osbome, Nathaniel Mont- 



Peckworth, John R. 


Pegram, Edwin 
Ramsay, James 
Randolph, Richard Ryland 
Rich, James 8. 
Rogers, John Coleman 
Roy all, James T. 
Soott, Jamea P. 
Seaman, William Ferris 
Sibley, Robert Henry 
Smith, Anthony W. 
Spencer, Pitman Curtius 
Strein, Ferdinand 
Tompkins, Benjamin 
Van Valzah, Thomas 
Watkins, Samuel Venable 
Webb, Samuel 
Wharton, William H. 
Woo4b, John 

B&OJLD AND Cherry Stkeets Hospital — [Penka. Mag., vol 
xxxli, p. 512], — Through the courtesy of Dr, Samuel A. Green, of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society^ the letter of a correspondent gives the 
identity of "S, E. B.," who sent the verses^ with a bundle of socks, 
donated by a ** Lively Old Lady" of Amherst, N. H., in 1862, to the 
flick and wounded in the U, 8. Hospital at Broad and Cherry Streets. 
She waa Barah E. Barron, daughter of Solomon Rice and Dolly Channel 
Barron, born in 1847. Later she married Charles Longe, and is now 
deceased, but surviving friends remember the circumstance. Thus after 
many years, an interesting incident of the Civil War has been developed. 

JSoon l^otlc€0« 

Publications of the Pennsylvania Hiatory Club, Vol, L 
1909. 8vo, pp. 58. 

The PennsylvaniA History Club, while primarily designed to encourage 
the investigation and exploitation of the orig^tnal sources, also aimii to 
aid aU existing agencies for collecting, preserving, or rendering accessi- 
ble the materials relating to the history of the Commonwealth. The 
present publication has been compiled by the Secretary of the Club ; 
and although intende^l mainly to be useful to ita members, it is believed 
it will serve as a helpful contribution to Pennsylvania hi8toric4il bibli- 
ography. Contents : Introductory ; Constitution and By-Laws ; Officera 
and Committees; Meetings and Pilgrimages, 1905-1908; List of the 
MembeiB, with their Historical Bibliographies. 

Publications of the Genealooical Society of Pennsylvania. 
VoK I, No, L 1909. 8vo, 120 pages. 
The contents of the present number are ** Gleanings in Sussex County, 
Delaware," by Rev. C. H. B. Turner ; *' Claas Bible Record," translated 


Notes and Queries, 

from the German by Hon, S. W, Pennypacker; *'Duttoii Eecorda of 
Deaths, Marriages, etc., 1770-1S7O/'' arranged by Gilbert Cope; 
*' Marriages by John Graves, EsMjuire, We^^t Cheater, Pa./' and the 
**8eventeeDth Annual Report of the Boar<Jl of Directors/' from which 
we learn that the work of collecting and prescrviog church and meeting 
recordB of value has been going on steadilyi and the following additions 
made to the Collection during the past year : Records of Reformed 
Church, Whitpain Township, 1764-1860? St. Peter's Church, Phila- 
delphia, BaptismB, 1831-1884, Marriages, Burials, Confirmations, and 
Commnnicante, 1828-1884; Records of Abington Presbyterian Church ; 
Records Salem, N, J. Monthly Meeting. 

Pboceedings and CoLi.E(7no:r8 of the Wyoming Historical ahd 
Geolooical Soctety, for the years 1908-1909. Edited by Rev. 
Horace Edwin Hayden. Vol. X. Wilkes-Barre^ Penna., 8vo, 

pp. 256. Dlustrated. 
This volume is largely devoted to account* of the celebration of the 
centennial of Jesse Feirs successful experiment with Wyoming coal as 
a domestic fuel, and also semicentennial of the founding of the Wyoming 
Historical Society ; the addresses made by Rev, Horace E. Hayden, Dr. 
John W. Jordan" William Griffith, C.E., and others. The Muster Roll 
of Cupt. Henry Shoemaker's Company of Northampton Co. Rangers, 
1781 ; the Capture and Rescue of Eosewell Franklin's Family by 
Indians, 1782 ; Revolutionary Pensioners in Bradford and Luzerne 
Counties in 18.^5 ; and Marriages and Deaths, Wyoming Valley, 1810- 
1818, are valuable local hiaiorical coutributions. Biographical sketches 
of deceased members will aid genealogists. The volume is neatly 
printe<l on good paper, and the numerous inserts add value to the text. 

(U^^VLV ^<^a>0 €i/i\,cO yLe.<Ae^t^/ ^^A^ut^ ^^ ^KV^4^^i%i 
A^A-c^ /uerr 'T^n^^^ A/^ X^^-o ^-^t<^^o ^jfiuv/i.*^ 

Tha Standard Venioii.— PresideDt Lincoln's Final Revision. 

Photographed from the fac-dmile first publiahed in "Autograph teavet of Our 
Country's Authore," Baltimore, 1884. 

I 1 







No. 4 



[Read before the Commandeiy of the Stata of Peniisylvaiiia^ Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, February 14, 1906 j 
and before the Historical Society of Pennaylvaoia, Febniaty S, 1909*] 

The most notable of the series of speeches made by 
Abraham Lincoln after leaving Springfield, and while on 
his w^ay to Washington for his inauguration as President, 
was that made in this city in Independence Hall, and in* 
spired by its sacred memories ; and the most famous of his 
addresses as President was delivered at the dedication of the 
Soldiers' National Cemetery on the battlefield of Gettysburg, 

Consideration of these remarkable utterances upon the 
soil of our 8tat^ would seem appropriate by the Historical 
Society of Pennsylv^ania at this time of commemoration ot 
the centenary of Lincoln's birth; and your attention is in- 
vited to the circumstances attending the delivery of the 
Gettysburg Address, as described in some of the accounts 
of the dedication, which I present in an endeavor to de- 
termine what was the origin of the address, how it wai 
received, and what is its true form, for, strange as it may 
VOL, XXXIII,— 25 (386) 


The Oettysbxtrg Address. 

appear, widely differing answers are given to these several 

Preeident Lincoln left Washington for Gettj^sburg at 
noon on Wednesday, November 18, 1863, in a special train 
consisting of four passenger coaches; he waa accompanied 
by a large party that included niemhers of his Cabinet, 
several foreign ministers, his private secretaries, officers of 
the Army and Navy, a military guard, and newspaper cor- 
respondents; the train arrived at Gettysburg about dark, 
Mr. Lincoln spent the night at the house of David Wills, 
Governor Curtin's representative and the active agent in 
the eet^blishment of the Soldiers' Cemetery. 

Arnold, in his *' History of Lincoln and the Overthrow 
of Slavery ,'* asserts that the President "while on his way 
from the White House to the battlefield was notified that 
he woold be expected to make some remarks/* and that 
asking for some paper a rough sheet of foolscap was handed 
to him; "retiring to a seat by himself, with a pencil he 
wrote the address." 

Similarly Ben Perley Poore says in his "Remiuiscences 
of Lincoln '' that "his remarks at Gettysburg * * * were 
\^Titteu in the car on his way from Washington to the 
battlefield, upon a piece of pasteboard held on his knee.*' 
In the beautiful story by Mrs. Andrews entitled "The 
Perfect Tribute," which, bec^iuse of its wide circulation in 
the magazine in which it first appeared, and subsequently 
as a daintily printed hook, luia dune much to form popular 
opinion of the composition an<l delivery of the Address, it 
is said that the President after gazing wistfully across the 
car at Edward Everett — who was not in it, having pre- 
viously gone to Gettysburg by anotlier route — appealed to 
Secretary Seward for the brown paper he had just re- 
moved from a package of books; ** May I have this to do 
a little writing?-* and then with a stump of a pencil labored 
for hours over his speech. 

On the contrary. General James B. Fry, who was present 
in the car as one oi the escort, says that he is confident that 

The Oettysburg Address, 


the afiserdon that the Addreas was written in the train ax 
route to Gettysburg^ is an error, and states, **I have no 
recollection of seeing him writing or even reading hie 
speech during the journey, in fact there was hardly any 
opportunity for him to read or write." Nicolay, the senior 
of the President's private secretaries, in an interesting and 
highly valuable paper on the Gettysburg Address, says, 
'* There is neither record, evidence, nor well founded tradi- 
tion that Mr. Lincoln did any writing or made any notes 
on the journey between Washington and Gettysburg/* 
the many interruptions incident to the journey, together 
with the rocking and jolting of the train, made writing 
virtually impossible. 

In Mov^Ty's " History of the United States for Schools," 
published in 1896, it is said : "There is conclusive evidence 
that the words of the address were not written out until after 
the Presidential party had arrived upon the ground"; and 
in an appendix it is stated: "The following account of how 
the address was written was received directly from the lips 
of ex-Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, w^ho was present 
on the occasion and knew whereof he affirmed. Governor 
Curtin said that after the arrival of the party from Wash- 
ington, while the President and his Cabinet, Edward Ever- 
ett, the orator of the day, Governor Curtin, and others were 
sitting in the parior of the hotel, the President remarked 
that he understood that the committee expected him to say 
something. He would, therefore, if they would excuse him, 
retire to the next room and see if he could write out some- 
thing. He was absent some time, and upon returning to 
the company had in his hand a large-sized, yellow govern- 
ment envelope. The President sat down, and remarked 
that he had written something, and with their permission he 
would like to read it to them, and invited them to criticise 
it. After reading what he had written upon the envelope, 
he asked for any suggestions they might make; Secretary 
Seward volunteered one or two comments, which Mr, Lin- 
coln accepted and incorporated. Then he said, * Now, geu- 


The Gettysburg Addrega, 

tlemen, if you will excuse me again, I will copy this off/ 
and returning again made a freah copy to read from/' 

A somewhat ditierent account of Gov'ernor Curtin'a 
recollection is given by Hon. Horatio King in his ** Turning 
on the Light/' wherein he writes that in 1885 at Gettya- 
burg the Governor said: '* I saw Mr, Lincoln writing this 
address in Mr. Wills* house on a long yellow envelope. He 
may have written some of it before. He said * I will go and 
show it to Seward/ who stopped at another house^ which 
he did and then returned and copied his speech on a fools- 
cap sheet" Mr King adds that the Governor expressed 
extreme regret that he had not secured that envelope on 
which he most positively declared he saw Mr. Lincoln writ- 
ing his Address as above described. 

The Hon. Edward McPherson of Gettysburg, for many 
years Clerk of the House of Representatives, said in 1876, 
in a newspaper communication, that after Mr, Lincoln had 
retired to his room on the night of the 18th he sent for his 
host and '* inquired the order of exercises for the next day 
and began to put in writing what he called some stray 
though ta to utter on the morrow/' Mr. Wills believed that 
the Address was written in his house and said in 1893, as he 
had earlier, that the President read ** from the same paper 
on which I had seen him writing it the night before/' 

Prof. Draper in his " History of the American Civil 
War/* one of the most scholarly and philosophic of the his- 
tories of the Rebellion, asserts that when the President rose 
to speak " he unpremeditatedly and solemnly said, * It is 
intimated to me that this assemblage expects me to say 
something on this occasion/ ** 

Noah Brooks, newspaper correspondent at Washington 
during the war, who, having been acquainted with Mr. Lin- 
coln in Illinois, was on terms of friendly intimacy and has 
written much about him, declared that a few days prior to 
the 19th of November, 1863, Mr. Lincoln told him that 
Mr. Everett had kindly sent him a copy of his oration in 
order that the same ground might not be gone over by 

The Oettyshurg Address. 

both; the Preaident added, "There ia no danger that I 
shAll, my speech ia all blocked out^ — it ia very short/* In 
answer to the question whether the speech was written, he 
said, ** Not exactly written — it is not finished anyway," 
Brooks further asserted that the speech was written and re- 
written many times, and revised somewhat after Mr, Lin- 
ei»ln*8 arrival at Qettysbiirg. 

Ward H- Lamon, a personal friend and associate of Mr. 
Lincoln before the war, accompanied him from Springtield 
to Washington, was iippointcd MarHhal of the District of 
Columbia, and liad contidential relations with the President 
throughout his administration, and was the Chief Marshal 
of the ceremonies at Gettysburg; and be devoted a chapter 
of his ** llecollections of Abraham Lincoln, 1847-1865," to 
the Gettysburg Address, in which he writes: **A day or two- 
before the dedication of the National Cemetery at Gettys- 
burg, Mr. Lincoln told me that he would be expected to 
make a speech on the occiision ; that he was extremely 
busy, and had no time for preparation ; and tliat he greatly 
feared that he would not be able to acquit himself with 
credit, much less to fill the measure of public expect^ition/' 
Lamon says he was shown " a sheet of foolscap, one side of 
which was closely written with what he informed me was a 
memorandum of his intended address. This he read to me, 
first remarking that it was not at all satisfactory to him. It 
proved to he in substance, if not in exact words, what was 
afterwards printed in his famous Gettysburg speech," 

A newspaper paragraph, the original date and source of 
which are unknown to me, alleges that Senator Cameron 
had aaoerted that he had seen a draft of the address in the 
White House before the President letTt Washington, 

Such are the divergent testimonies concerning the prep- 
aration of the Address, Fortunately tJiere exists documen- 
tary evidence to substantiate the statements of Brooks and 
Lamon and Cameron, and to establish conclusively that 
the Address was the outcome of deliberation and careful 


The OeUysburg Address^ 

Tlie formal invitation to the Presideut was written on the 
2nd of November and specifically stated that "it is the 
desire that you as the Chief Executive of the Nation for- 
mally set apart these grounds to their sacred use by a few 
appropriate remarks/' In the article before referred toNic- 
olay says that Mr. Lincoln carried in his pocket the auto- 
graph manuscript of so much of his Address as he had 
written at Washington, and a facsimile reproduction of the 
original draft is given. The first page of the manuscript is 
written in ink and ends with an incompleted sentence, facts 
which justify Nicolay's inference that at the time of writing 
it in Washington the remainder of the sentence was also 
written in ink on another sheet of paper. On the morning 
of the 19th when, in Nicolay's presence, the President fin- 
ished writing bis Address be used a lead pencil with which 
he crossed out the last three words of the first page and 
wrote other words above them and on another sheet wrote 
the remainder of the Address, in substance about one-third 
of the whole ; tliis second page is also produced in facsimile, 
Tliis manuscript consisting of two pages was in Mr, Lin- 
coln's hands when he delivered his Address. Undoubtedly 
the first page of this manuscript was part of the original 
draft of the Address and the second page was the new draft 
substituted for the cancelled original, there being probably 
some immaterial diflTerences between the two versions. 

Another manuscript exists, which is now in the possession 
of the family of the late John Hay, who as one of the Pres- 
idents private secretaries was present at the dedication. 
This manuscript, which is in the President's autograph, 
is reproduced in facsimile in Putnam's Magazine for Feb- 
ruary, 1009, in connection with ** Recollections of Lincoln" 
by Gen. James Grant Wilson, who believes the manuscript 
was written after the President's return from Gettysburg. 

The Hay manuscript is undoubtedly the second existing 
draft of the address, but because of information obtained 
from Cob John P. Nicholson, to whom it was imparted by 
Secretary Hay, I am convinced that this manuscript was 

X'Kf / A ^^o ^j^ f^^9^ AT^i X«^4> «^4t^vNc; x^-^Ui^ A-v-i^ ^^s^ 

/>\^4 J-^^ /t***^-tf*#«./^eA/ c/^^jO itrtj /^<0y yjui^M^ //A^ 
C^us^ /A«f4A»^ ^JOt^^ ^/Xi-<7 ^Jf!^ aC* -^tt^o. «7 Al 

^ ji^^ C49«*'^0 ^V ^/A*^«^ C^xjf^ yf^^*U.Aj 0,.4iL^^ ^gg^^ 

C^n'^uMX^ LK^IXj A-^ttu ^.^l^^-j^w>'vfc.wO <j^^>^-^^*^*-^/ -^ 

Photogrmphed from originml manuscript owned by the Hon. John Hay. 

The OeUyshurg Address. 


written before November 19, 1863, and that it was inad- 
vertently letTt at Washington. This opinion ia forther 
strengthened by the internal evidence of the raanuscript 

The second page of the Nicolay manuscript is almost 
identical with the corresponding page of the Hay manu- 
script, bot the latter in its entirety conforms ranch more 
closely to the Address as actually delivered than the Nico- 
lay and justifies the belief that the Hay was the final draft 
of the complete Address before its delivery. Neither man- 
uscript was written after the delivery of the Address, for 
neither contains the notable addition of the ^vords '* under 
God," that were interpolated by the President when he 
spoke, and which he wonld not have omitted from any sub- 
sequent transcript. 

Whatever revision may have been given to the Address 
en route to or at Gettysburg, whatever changes or additions 
may have been made in its deHvery, the Address existed 
in substantially completed form before the President left 

Tiiere can be no doubt that be bad giveti prolonged and 
earnest thought to the preparation of this Address; he had 
had more than tw^o weeks' notice that he was desired to 
speak; and although the demands upon his time and atten- 
tion were such as to allow him little opportunity for unin- 
terrupted thought, he appreciated the momentousness of 
the occasion, he knew how much was expected of him, and 
what was due to the honored dead, and he did not trust to 
the inspiration of the moment or rely upon his readiness as 
an impromptu speaker when he dedicated the Soldiers* 
Cemetery at Gettysburg, for he had wrought and rewTought 
until there came into perfect form the noblest tribute to a 
cause and its heroes ever rendered by human lips. 

The Address has been po long and so generally accepted 
BB the highest expression of American oratory, that it is 
difficult to realize that it ever had lem appreciation than 

now. The testimonies 

^^©livered differ widely as to the reception given it and 

^B> the impression it made. 

^P In the " nistory of the Battle ol Gettysburg " (published 

^Tn 1875) Saranel P. Bates in giving an account of the dedi- 
cation ceremonies qaotes the Address and says: "Its de- 

I livery was more solemn and impressive than is possible td 
conceive from its perusaL Major Harry T, Lee, who wag 
one of the actors in the battle and who was present upon 
the platfunn at the dedication* says tliat the people listened 
with marked attention throughout the two hours that Mr, 
Everett spoke; ♦ * ♦ ♦ * but that when Mr. Lincoln 
came forward and, with a voice burdened with emotion, 
uttered these sublime words the bosoms of that vast audi* 

hpiee were lifted as a great wave of the sea; and that whei 

Tie came to the passage, * The brave men li\Tng and dead, 

who struggled here,' there was not a dry eye.* * * ♦ * 

I Arnold in his life of Lincoln (1885), after citing Xh 
Address, states: "Before the first sentence was completed, 
thrill of feeling like an electric shock pervaded the crowd. 
That mysterious influence called magnetism, which some- 
times so affects a popular assembly, spread to every heart* 
The vast audience was instantly hushed and hung upon his 
every word and syllable. Every one felt that it was not the 
honored dead only, but the living actor and speaker that 

Hllie world for all time to come would note and remember, 

^'snd that the speaker in the thrilling words he was uttering 
was linking his name forever with the glory of the dead. 
♦ * All his hearers realized that the great actor in the 
drama stood before them, and that the words he said would 
live as long as the language ; that they were words which 
would be recollected in all future ages among all peopleB, 
as often as men should be called upon to die for liberty and 
country. As he closed, and the tears and sobs and cheers 
wliich expressed the emotions of the people subsided, he 
turned to Everett and, grasping his hand, said, *I congratu* 
late you on your success.' The orator gratefully replied, 


The Oettyshurg Address, 


• Ah ! Mr, Preeident, how gladly would I exchange all ray 
hundred pages to have been the author of your twenty 
lines/ *' 

Major Nickerson, of the 8th Ohio, who had been severely 
wounded in the battle, was present at the dedication and 
had a seat on the platform within a few feet of the speak- 
ers, gave au account in Smfmer's Matjamte^ July, 1893, of 
his **Two Visits to Gettjsburg." He says: " Others, too, 
have differed as to the immediate eftects of the President's 
remarks. I give the impressions received at the time, 
which were also identical with those of all with whom I 
spoke. I thought then and still think it was the shortest, 
grandest speech to which I ever listened. * * * My 
own emotions may perhaps be imagined when it is remem- 
bered that he was facing the spot where only a short time 
before we had our death grapple with Pickett's men and 
he fitood almost immediately over the place where I had 
lain and seen my comrades torn in tragments by the 
enemy's cannon-balls — think then, if you please, how these 
words fell upon my ear/' Then, quoting a portion of the 
Address, the Major adds: " If at that moment the Supreme 
Being had appeared with an otier to undo my past life, 
give back to me a sound body free from the reraerabrance 
even of sufterings past and the imminence of those that must 
necessarily embitter all the years to come, I should have 
indignantly spurned the offer, such was the effect upon me 
of this immortal dedication." 

liobert Miller, who had been the Adjutant of an Ohio 
Regiment of 100 days' volunteers, was a member of the 
Ohio Legislature and attended the dedication ceremonies, 
stated in a letter published in the Eaton, Ohio, Register^ 
November 30, 1863: "The tall form of the President ap- 
peared on the stand and never before have I seen a crowd 
60 vast and restless, after standing so long, so soon stilled 
and quieted. Hata were removed and all stood motionless 
to catch the tirst words he should utter, and as he slowly, 
clearly, and without the least sign of embarrassment read 

SSli The Gettysburg Address, 

and spoke for ten niiniites you could not mistake the 
feeling and sentiment of the vast moltitnde before hira. 
I am convinced that the speech of the President has fully 
confirmed and I think will confirm all loyal men and 
women in the belief that Abraham Lincoln, though he 
may have made mistaken, is the right man in the right 

The Conmiiesioners representing Massachusetts at the 
dedication, in their report to Governor Andrew, say, *' The 
brief speech of President Lincoln * * * ♦ made a 
protbund impression "; and that it was spoken with great 
deliberation. The correspondent of the Boston Daili/ 
Admrth€}\ who was probably one of the Commissioners, in 
his letter to that paper expressed a similar view and added 
that the remarks '^seemed to be emphatically the right 
words in the right place/' * 

A committee from the city of Boston attending the dedi- 
cation reported : ** Perhaps nothing in the whole proceed- 
ings made so deep an impression on the vast assemblage or 
has conveyed to the country in so concise a form the lesson 
of the hour, as tlie remarks of the President^ their sim- 
plicity and force make them worthy of a prominence 
among the utterances from high places,"* 

The opinions of these Commissioners and of Lieutenant 
Miller are especially valuable because expressed and recorded 
immediately after tliey had heard the address. 

John RusseU Young, who was present on the speaker's 
platform as representative of the Pliiladelphia PresSy in an 
article published in 1891, based upon his recollections and 
memoranda made at the time, says that the report made by 
the Associated Press " w^as studded with applause, but I do 
not remember the applause and am afraid the appreciati\re 
reporter was more than generous — may have ptit in the ap- 
plause himself as a personal expression of opinion, * * » 

* Barrage: " Gettysburg and Lincoln," p. 124. 
•Burrage: **GettyBbarg Kod Lincoln," p. 125. 

The Oetttjahurg Addreu, 


I have read * * * of the emotione produced by the 
President's address, the transcendent awe that fell upon 
every one who heard those most mighty and ever living 
words, to be remembered with pride through the ages, I 
have read of the tears that fell and the solemn hush, as 
though in a cathedral solemnity in the most holy moment 
of the Saf^ritice, ♦ * * There was nothing of this, to 
the writer at least, in the Gettysburg Address,*' 

In Lamon's account he professes to quote Mr Lincoln's 
own opinion of his Address and eaye that/* After it^ delivery 
on the day of commemoration he expressed deep regret that 
he had not prepared it with greater care. He said to me 
on the stand immediately after concluding the speech : 

* Lamon, that speech won't scour ! It is a flat failure and 
the people are disappointed/ He seemed deeply concerned 
about what the people might think of his address^ more 
deeply, in fact, than I had ever seen him on any public 
occasion, ^ ^ * The occasion was solemn, impressive, 
and grandly historic. The people, it is true, stood appar- 
ently spell-bound; and the vast throng was hushed and 
awed into profound silence, and attention to his words arose 
more from tlie solemnity of the ceremonies and the awful 
scenes which gave rise to them than from anything he had 
said. He believed that the speech was a failure. He 
thouglit so at the time and he never referred to it at*ter- 
wards in conversation with me, without some expression ot 
unqualified regret that he had not made the speeclj better 
in every way. On the platform from which Mr, Lincoln 
delivered his address and only a moment after it was con- 
cluded, Mr, Seward turned to Mr, Everett and asked him 
what he thought of the President's speech. Mr. Everett 
repliecl, *It is not what I expected from him, I am disap- 
pointed.* Then in his turn Mr, Everett asked, ' What do 
you think of it, Mr. Seward ?' The response was, ^ He has 
made a failure and I am sorry for it. His speech is uot 
equal to him/ Mr Seward then turned to me and asked, 

* Mr. Marshal, what do you tliink of it?' I answered, ' I 


The Oeityaburg AddresB. 

am sorry to say that it does not impresfl me as one of his 

great speeches/ 

*' In the face of these facts it has been repeatedly pub- 
lished that this speech was received by the audience 
with loud demonstrations of approval; that amid the tears, 
sobsj and elieers it produced in the excited throngs the 
orator of the day, Mr, Everett, turned to Mr. Lincoln, 
grasped his hand and exclaimed, * I congratulate you on 
your success,' adding in a transport of heated enthusiasm, 
<Ah ! Mr. President, how gladly would I give my hundred 
pages to be the author of your twenty lines! ' 

** As a matter of fact, the silence during the delivery of 
the speech, and the lack of hearty demonstration of 
approval immediately after its close, were taken by Mr. 
Lincoln as a certain proof that it was not well received. 
In that opinion we all shared, if any person then present 
saw, or thougljt he saw, the marvelous beauties of that won- 
derful speech, as intelligent men in all lands now see and 
acknowledge them, his superabundant caution closed his 
lips and stayed his pen. * ♦ * * I atate it as a 
fact, and without fear of contradiction, that this famous 
Gettysburg speech was not regarded by the audience to 
whom it w^as addressed, or by the press and people of 
the United States, as a production of extraordinary merit, 
nor was it commented on as such until after the death of 
the author," 

While there may be some truth in Lamon's narrative, and 
the language ascribed to Lincoln seems natural and char* 
acteristic, allow^ance should be made for the author's idicK 
syncrasies as exhibited in the *» Life of Lincoln '' published 
in 1872, that, purporting to have been written by Lamon, 
and was based upon intbrmation that had been secured by 
him, was really written by Chauncey F. Black, son of Presi- 
dent Buchanan's Attorney-General. Certainly Lamon's 
assertion concerning Everett's criticism of the Address is 
not consistent with his letter to the President on the follow- 
ing day, in which, after thanking Mr. Lincoln for the kind- 

The Oeitt/sburg Address, 


nees shown himself and his daughter at Gettysburg, Mr. 
Everett said: " Pennit me also to express iny great adioi- 
ration of the thoughts expressed by you with such eloqueut 
simplicity and apjuopriateness at the consecration of the 
Cemetery, I should be glad if I could flatter myself that 
I came as near the central idea of tlie oeeasion in two hoars 
as you did in two minutes," 

The President's reply was characteristically modest; I 
quote the reference to himself: "In our respective parts 
yesterday you could not have been excused to make a short 
address nor I long one, I am pleased to know that in your 
judgment the little I did say was not a failure/* 

Mr, Clark E. Carr, who was present at Gettysburg as a 
Commissioner from Dlinois, is the author of an address, 
** Lincoln at Gettysburg," in which he quotes liberally 
and witJi approval from Lamon and fn»m Nieolay, and 
also gives his own impressions concerning the President's 
Address, saying: "His expressions were so plain and 
homely, without any attempt at rhetorical periods, and his 
statements were so axiomatic, and, I may say, matter-of fact, 
and BO simple, that I had no idea that as an address it was 
anything more than ordinary-'* But he adds, ** Every one 
was impressed with his sincerity and earnestness," and, 
" There was one sentence that did deeply attect me — the 
only one in which the President manifested emotion. With 
the close of that sentence his lips quivered, and there was 
a tremor in his voice which I can never forget ♦ ♦ * 
The sentence was, * The world will little note, nor long 
remember what we say here, but it can never forget what 
they did here.' " 

This sentence that so impressed Mr. Carr attracted the 
attention of George William Curtis, who, in Harpcr^s Weekly, 
December 6, 1868, said of the Address, but witli special ref- 
erence to the sentence quoted: '*The few words of the 
President were from the heart to the heart, they can not 
be read even without kindly emotion. It was as simple 
and felicitous and earnest a word as was ever spoken." 

Tlie OeUysburg Address, 

However tlie various narratives nuij difler as to the degree 
of appreciation of the Address, all agree that the Presi* 
dent was accorded most respectful attention and that his 
bearing and demeanor were appropriate to the solemn occa- 
sion. I Lave found no evidence to justify the statements in 
" The Perfect Tribute** that the eifect on the audience of the 
President's voice was ghastly and mth his gaunt figure too 
much for the American crowd^s sense of humor, and that 
a suppressed yet unmistakable titter caught and ran through 
the throng. It is unfortunate that this [►opular story should 
promulgate such a travesty of fact. 

The circumstances attending the delivery of the Addreda 
were not such as to conduce to its full appreciation. The 
procession that had escorted the President to the field had 
been greatly belated, and after his arrival tjpon the plat- 
form the proceedings were still further delayed, awaiting 
the arrival of the orator of the day. Mr, Everett's oration, 
that had been preceded by a prayer of some length and by 
muaic, was of two hours' duration, so that when the Presi- 
dent spoke it was to an audience that had been standing for 
nearly four hours* 

The I»revity of the speech, the absence of rhetorical 
effort, and its very simplicity prevented its full appreciation. 
Nicolay's st^itement seems to accord with the facts, and as a 
devoted admirer of his Chief he would naturally incline to 
enhance rather than to minimize the effect of the Address 
upon the audience. 

*' There is every probability tJiat tlie assemblage regarded 
Mr. Everett as the mouthpiece, the organ of expression, ot 
the thought and feeling of the hour, and took it for granted 
that Mr. Lincoln was there as a mere oflicial figurehead, 
the culminating decoration, so to speak, of the elaborately 
phinned pageant of the day. They were therefore totally 
unprepared fur what they heard and could not immediately 
realize that his words, and not those of the carefully 
selected orator, were to carry the concentrated thought ot 
the occasion like a trumpet-peal to farthest posterity.-' 

The Oetiyshurg Address. 


Undoubtedly there were many in the audience who fully 
appreciated the beauty and pathos of the President's Ad- 
dress, and many of those who read it on the following day 
perceived its wondrous chara*3ter; but it is apparent that 
its full force and grandeur were not generally recognized 
then, either by its auditors or its readers. Not until the 
war itself had ended and the great leader had fallen did the 
Nation realize that this speech had given to Gettysburg 
another claim to immortality and to American eloquence 
its highest glory. 

The variations between the several contemporary ver- 
sions of the Address and its many subsequent reproductions 
are remarkable, particularly in view of its brevity and im- 
portance. Attention has more than once been attracted to 
these variations; and because of the differences between 
the earlier reports and the version published in autographic 
facsimile in 1864, it has been assumed that the discrepan- 
cies were due either to blunders on the part of reporters, or 
to their attempts to improve the President's composition. 
But examination of a number of versions forces the conclu- 
sion that while some of the minor variations in the news- 
paper reports were caused by typographical or telegraphic 
errors, the rhetorical differences between these reports and 
the later version were plainly tlie result of the author's 
own revision. 

The reports of the Address, puldished November 20, 
1863, in the Ledfjcr, tlie A'or(h Anwrhtit, the Prejis^ and the 
Buikdn of this city, in the Trihum and the Ilaald of New 
York, in the Adoet^tkcr and tlie Jourmd of Boston, and in 
the Springfield Repuhlican^ and on the 23d in the Cincinnati 
Commercial^ were furnished by the Associated Press. The 
reports printed in the Pliiladelphia papers named agree 
with the exception of obvious misprints. The New York 
papers agree with a single exception, probably a typo- 
graphical error; the Boston papers also agree substatitially 
with but three verbal variations. But the respective ver- 


The Oetlysburg Address. 

ftiona of the seveml cities difter from each other in a number 
of details, probably because of errors in telegraphing the 
reporla from Gett^'eburg, 

The reports of the Address published in the Philadelphia 
Inquirer and in the Cinciimati Gazette^ November 20 and 
21 respectively, differ materiany from each other and from 
the Associated Press report, and are apparently independent 
in source; lacking in com pletenesSj they seem to be par&> 
phrases rather than literal reports, and are probably free 
renderings of notes made at the time, but are valuable so 
&r as they go, in aiding to determine which of the other 
reports most nearly represents the words actually spoken* 

Another independent report of greater value is that made 
by the Massachusetts Commissioners, which they assert is 
** in the correct form as the words actually spoken by the 
President, with great deliberaticm, were taken down by one 
of themselves. The differences between their report and 
that printed in the North American^ which is freer from 
obvious errors than any other version of the Associated 
Press report that I have seen, are slight. 

Nicolay says that the President did not read from the 
written pages, and that he did not deliver the Address in 
the form in which it was first written, but from the fulneaa 
of thought and memory rounded it out nearly to its final 
rhetorical completeness* Brooks states that as Mr, Lincoln 
read from the manuscript he made a few verbal changes. 

Comparison of the several reports named leads to the con- 
clusion that the President, remembering what he had written 
in the Hay manuscript, delivered his Address in cloBer 
accordance with it than with the Nicolay manuscript which 
he held, but to which he referred little. The North American 
report, which in my judgment reproduces the words spoken 
more accurately than any other, and more closely than the 
President's final revision, differs from the Hay manuscript in 
several instances, but materially only in the words "under 
Gk)d," which were interpolated by the President as he spoke, 
for the phraae does not appear either in the Nicolay or the 

The Oettyshurg Address. 


Hay manuscript, and in the uae of " the " instead of " this '* 
before "government of the people/* 

Nicolay saya that a few days after the %nsit to Gettysburg, 
upon receipt from Mr, Wills of a request on behalf of the 
States interested in the National Cemetery for the original 
manuscript of the Dedication Address, the President re- 
examined his original draft and the version that had ap- 
peared in the newspapers, and he saw that because of the 
variations between them, the first, that is, the Nicolay, 
seemed incomplete and the others imperfect; he therefore 
directed his secretaries to make copies of the several reports 
of the Ajssociated Press and, " comparing these with his 
original draft and with his own fresh recollection of the 
form in which he deUvered it, he made a new autograph 
copy, a careful and deliberate revision**' 

What became of this first rension is unknown, it was 
not received by Mr, Wills, who wrote me years ago: ** I 
did not make a copy of my report of President Lincoln's 
speech at Gettysburg from a transcript from the original, 
but from one of the press reports, I have since always 
used the revised copy furnished the Baltimore fair, of which 
I have a facsimile in lithograph/* 

Other copies were made, one in February, 1864, at the 
request of Mr, Everett, to be bound, with the manuscript of 
his oration and Mr, Lincoln's letter to him of November 20, 
in a volume to be sold at the Metropolitan Fair for the 
benefit of the United States Sanitary Commission, Still 
another copy was made at the request of the lion. George 
Bancroft for the benefit of the Soldiers and Sailors Fair in 
Baltimore ; this, haWng been written on both sicles of a letter- 
slieet, was unavailalile for purposes of lithographic produc- 
tion in facsimile, and Mr. Lincoln, in March, miide another 
copy, which was reproduced in '* Autograph Leaves of Our 
Country's Authors" — a volume published for the benefit 
of the fair. 

This version e.\hibits the result of the author^s final revi- 
sion, and, except in punctuation and in the use of *'on'' 

VOL, XXX HI.— 26 



Hie GeHjjshurg Address, 

instead of "upon" in the first sentence and in the omission 
of " here" between " they" and " gave" in the last sentence, 
is identical with the version made at Mr. Everett's request, 
which is the earliest of the several existing revisions of 
which I have been able to learn. 

In an address so brief, but so momentous, every syllable 
tells; and though the differences between the final revision 
and the speech as actually delivered are few and seemingly 
immaterial, the changes intensify its strength and pathos 
and add to its beauty, and as so revised the speech cannot 
be too jealously preserved as the ultimate expression of the 
author's sublime thought. Increasing appreciation of Lin- 
coln's character and of his fitness for the great work to 
which in the providence of God be was called euliances 
the value of his every word, and surely the form by which 
he intended this utterance should be judged is that in which 
w^e should perpetuate the Gettysburg Address. 


Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth 
on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and 
dedicated to the proposition tliat all men are created equal. 

Now^ we are engaged in agreatcivnl war, testing whether 
that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, 
can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that 
war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as 
a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that 
that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper 
that w^e should do this* 

But, in a lai'ger sense, we can not dedicate— we can not 
consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave 

^From facsimile of the final revision puMished in **Autograpb Leaves 
of Our Country's Anthora," 1864 (see photographic reproductioiii 

The Gettysburg Address, 


men, living and dead, who struggled here^ have consecrated 
itj far above our poor power to add or detract. The world 
will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it 
can never forget what tliey did here. It is for us the liv- 
ing, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work 
which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. 
It is ratlier for us to be here dedicated to the great task 
remaining before U8 — that from these honored dead we take 
increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the 
last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve 
that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this 
nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedoin^ — and 
that government of the people, by the people, for the peo- 
ple, shall not perish from the eartli, 

Abraham Lincoln. 
November 19, 1863. 



Four versions compared. The firat drafl, theNicolay Ms, ; the Becond 
ciraft, the Hay Ms.; the Afisociated Preua report from the North Ameri* 
eon, Philadelphia, Nov. 20, l86aV the final revisioQ^ BaUiniore, 18G4. 

Ntcotatf. Four score and seven yenra ago our fathers brought 

ffay. Four score and seven jeara i^ our fathere brought 

North American, Four score and eeven years ago our fathere brought 

BaiHniorf. Fonr score and seveii years ago our fathere brought 

N forth, upon this contiiient» a new nation, conceived in liberty, 

ff, forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, 

N, A* forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty 

B* forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, 

N and dedicated to the propoelUon that ** all men are created equal " 

H. and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. 

JV". A, and dedicated to the propusitiou that all men are created equal, 

B, and dediciiteil to the proptHsition that all men are created equal. 

* Notes of applause omitted. 

c ■ 
c ■ 
'I ■ 
c ■ 

f K^ jn. ^flHL vno sALJK^M. JSRL ittv« jiiiiBii T ■» It. IS 6r aboTe 

L is hr aboTe 
X iK inn I0M1. ▼m> ^uuii^fcd iB<p. xcrc .oimt ! lagd is^ fiv mboTe 

jt rsm 3*r ^tf; jlr. Ijifjui ins wtme m met, dee fiKsimile. 
•ji -jK Hat v^- ^^ Lincoln iiac wroce ^Aif. See fiMsmile. 
lit :2K ^T ]|& Mr. Lincoln ins wrote of. See fiuximile. 

The Oettyahurg Address, 


our poor power to add or detract The world will little note, 

our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, 

our poor power bo add or to detract. The world will little note^ 

our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, 

nor long remember what we say here; while it can never forget 
nor long remember^ what we say here, but can never forget 
nor long remember, what we tay here, but it can never forget 
nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget 

what they did here. 

what they did here. It ia for us, the living, rather to be dedi- 

what they did here. It m for ua, the living, rather, to be dedi- 

what they did here. It ia for u% the living, rather, to be dedi- 

H, cated here to the unfinished work which they 

N. A. cated here to the unfinished work that they 

B, cated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here 

Nt, If It is rather for ua, the liv- 

H. have, thufi far, bo nobly carried on. It ie ratljer for ua 

N. A, have thus far bo nobly carried on. It ia rather for ua 

J}, have thus far bo nobly advanced. It is rather for ua 

N^ Ing, we here be dedicated to the great task remaining before 

H* to be here dedicated to the great tatik remaining before 

N, A. here to be dedicated to the great task remaining t>efore 

B^ to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before 

If, UB — thatf from these honored dead we take incre&sed devotion to 

Hn us— that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to 

N. A. us; that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to 

B. us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to 

N, that cause for which they here, gave the last full measure of 

H, that cause for whiih they here gave the last full measure of 

N. A. that cause for which they here gave the last (ull measure of 

A that cause for which they gave the last full measure of 

N, devotion — that we here highly resolve these dead shall not 

H^ devotion — that we here highly ri>solve that these dead shall not 

N, A. devotion; that we here highly resolve that theBc dead shall not 

B. devotion^ — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not 

have died in vain; that the nation, 
have died in vain; that this nation 
have died in vain. That the nation Hhall, 
have died in vain — that this nation. 


under God, 

under God, shall 

hate A Dew birth of freedom— and that governmeDi of ike 
people hj the people for the people, shall not perish from 

^109 The GeH}fshurg Address, 

A\ have a oew hiTth of freedom, and that goTernment of thie 
M. hare a new birth of freedom; and that this goferament of the 
Nt A, hare a new birth of freedom, and that the government of the 

Hi people, bj the people^ for the people, »hall not perish from 

A' A. people, by the people and for the people, shall not perish from 
B, people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from 

K the earth, 
if. the earth. 
N. A, the earth. 
S, the earth. 


Fhim Mepari of the Cbmmisiionen rfprt^mimg MaM9aehu$etU at ih$ 
Dedieaiian of the NaJtional Cemetery. 

Dedicatory Spebch bt PREaiDEsrr Lincoln. 

Four score and seven yean ago, our fathefs brought forth upon th» 
continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the propo> 
tition that all men are cjeated equal. 

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that natioD 
— or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated — can long endure. 

We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We are met to dedi- 
cate a portion of it as the final resting-place of thosse who have givca* 
their lives that that nation might live. 

It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. 

But, in a larger sense, we cannut dedicate^ we cannot consecrate, we 
cannot hallow, this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who 
•tmggled here, have consecrated it, far above our power* to add or 
to detract. 

The world will very* little note nor long remember what we say here; 
but it can never forget what they did here. 

It is for us, the living, rather, to be detiieaied^ here, to the unfinished 
work that they have thus far so nobly carried on. It is rather for us to 

^ North American (Aseociated Press) : here ga^e, and so other paf>eni, 
except Boston Journal, Boston Advertiser, and Cincinnati Gazette, which 
have have given, and Inquirer, who gave. Hay and Baltimore: here 
gave, Nicolay : who died here, 

• North American (Associated Press) : poor power, and bo Nicolay, Hay, 
and Baltimore. All but Philadelphia papers omit poor, 

* North American (Associated Press) omits rery, and so all other papere 
and Nicolay, Hay, and Baltimore. 

408 The Oettyshurg Address. 

Repmiin CineinnaU '* Daily OauUef*' November 21, 1863. 

Four score and seTen years ago our fathers established upon this Con- 
tinent a Gk>vemment subscribed in liberty and dedicated to the funda- 
mental principle that all mankind are created free and equal by a good 
Qod. And now we are engaged in a great contest deciding the question 
whether this nation or any nation so conserved, so dedicated, can long 
remain. We are met on a great battle-field of the war. We are met 
here to dedicate a portion of that field as the final resting place of those 
who have given their lives that it might live. It is altogether fitting 
and proper that we should do this. 

But in a large sense we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we 
cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, the living and the dead, 
who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our power to add to 
or detract fh>m the work. Let us long remember what we say here, 
but not forget what they did here. 

It is for us rather, the living, to be dedicated here to the unfinished 
work that they have thus far so nobly carried forward. It is for us here 
to be dedicated to the great task remaining before us, for us to renew our 
devotion to that cause for which they gave the fUll measoie of their 
devotion. Here let us resolve that what they have done shall not have 
been done in vain ; that the nation shall, under Qod, have a new birth 
offered ; that the Government of the people, founded by the people, shall 
not perish. 

— ^Apparent typographical errors are as in original reports. 

Colonel Htibley's Journal, 1779. 


MING, JULY 30th, 1779, 


(Concluded from page 302.) 

Tuesday September 14^ 

Previous to our March thia morning parties were ordered 
out to destroy the Corn, which the}^ did plucking and 
throwing it into the river. 

About 11 o'clock we took up our line of March and pro- 
ceeded for Jenisicj the last & Capitol settlement of the 
Beneca Country, The whole crons'd a branch of the Jenisie 
river and moov'd thro' a considerable Swamp and form*d on 
a plain the other side, the most extensive I ever saw, con- 
taining not less than Six Thousand Acres of the richest soil 
that can be conceived, not having a Bush standing but fiird 
witli Grass considerable higher than a Man. We njoov*d 
up this plain for about three miles in our regular line of 
March which was a beautiful sight, (m a view of the whole 
could be had at one look) and then came to Jeniee River 
which we cross'd being about 40 yards over and near midle 
deep, and then asscended a rising Ground which uftorded a 
prospect which was so beautiful that to attempt a Compari- 
son would be doing an injury, as we had a View as far as 
our Eyes would carry ub of another plaine besides the one 
we croseM through which the Jenisie river form'd a most 
beautiful Winding and at intervals Cateracts which roU'd 
from the Rocks & emptied into the river. 

We then march 'd on thro* a rough but rich Country, 
untill we arriv'd at the Capitol town wliich is much the 
largest we have yet met with in our whole rout, and en- 
carap'd about the same. 


Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

At this place we found the Body of the Brave but unfor- 
tunate Lieut, Boyd and one RiHe-mau Massacred in the 

most cruel k barbarous manner that the human mind can 
possibly conceive. The savages having put thera to the 
most excrusiating Torments possible by first plucking tlieir 
Bales from hand & feet tlien Spearing, cutting k whipping 
them and mangling their Bodys, then cutting off the flesh 
from their shoulders by pieces, tomahawking k severing 
their heads from their Bodys and leaving them a prey to 
their Dogs, We likewise found one House burn*d in w^hich 
probable was a scene as cruel as the former. 

This evening the remains of Lieut. Boyd and the Rifle- 
mans corps were intered with military honors. Mr. Boyds 
former good character as a brave soldier and an honest 
man, and his behaviour in the skirmish of yesterday (several 
of the Indiatis being found dead & some seen carried off) 
must indear him to all friends of mankind. May his fate 
await those who have been the cause of his — Britain — 
Behold— and blush ! — 

Jenise-town,the Capitol of the Seneca nation, is pleasantly 
situated on a rich and extensive flat, the soil remarkable rich 
and great parts well improov'd with fields of Corn, Beans, 
Potatoes and all kinds^ of Vegetables. It contained 107 
well finished houses. 

This days march compleated 6J Miles, 

Weduesdm/ Sept^ i5'^. 

This morning the whole Army excepting a covering party 

were engaged in destroying the corn, beans Potatoes* other 
vegetables which \vere in quantity immense and in goodness 
unequal 'd by any I ever yet saw, agreeable to a moderate 
calculation there was not less than two hundred acres, the 
whole of which was pull'd k piled up in large heaps mix'd 
with dry wood taken from the houses and consumed to 
Ashes, About 3 o'clock a.m, the business was finished and 
the iraraidiate objects of this Expedition accomplished vizt. 

1 ■ ^ 

Colonel Hnblet/'s Journal, 1779. 


the total ruin of the Indian settlements A distraction oi 
their cropB. 

The following is a part of the orders issued this day, Vizt — 
** The Commander in chief informs his brave and resolute 
Anny that the immediate objects ot Ibis Expedition are 
Accompliah'd viz. the total ruin of the Indian settlements 
and destruction of their Crops which were design 'd for 
the support of those inbuman Barbarrians while they were 
desolating the American Frontiers. He is by no means 
insensible of the obligations he is under to these brave 
officers <fc soldiers whose virtue and fortitude have enabled 
him to complete the important design of the expedition, 
and he assures them he will not fail to inform America 
at large how much they stand indebted to them. The 
Army will this day commence its March for Tioga and pro- 
ceed in the foHo^ving order — iirst an advance Guard of one 
hundred Men, advanced about one hundred yards in 
front, — Second Qen' Clintons Brigade advancing in four 
Columns from its front, third the Pack-horses and Cattle, 
fourth Qen^' Maxwells k Poor retiring in Columns as they 
advancM ready to form a front in the rear of the Army. 
Sixth the Riflemen in a line retiring in the rear of the 
whole at Seventy rods distance from the Light^corps, two 
pieces of Artillery well loaded are to goe between Gen^ 
Hand & the Rifle corps, one piece is to be immediately in 
rear of Gen* Clinton & centre Columns and the small How- 
itzer to proceed with the advance Guard, these pieces also 
to be loaded, the flanking divisions will each be formed in 
two divisions, one Division of each flanking Gen* Clinton, 
the rear of the other Divisions will be in a line with the 
Light Corps, their duty will be the same as wlien advancing 
with this difference only, that whenever a firing may com- 
mence, the division next the enemy will indeavor to gain 
their flank the other Divisions by mooving rapidly in a large 
Circle wiU endeavor to gain their rear, the duty of the cov- 
ering party k select flanking companies will be the same as 
in advancing." 


Colonel Hvhley's Jowmal, 1779, 

About 4 o'clock p.m. the Army took ap their line ol 
march in the above order and arrived eometinie after night 
near Gaghuiguilaherj town were they encamp'd in a wood 
but without observing any regularity, as it waa impossible 
owing to the late Season of our arrival. 

Previous to oor leaving Jenise, a Woman with a Child 
came in to us, who had been taken prissoner last year near 
Wyoming, and fortunately made her escape from the Sav- 
ages. Slie with her handling was almost starv'd for want 
of food, she informs ua that the Indians have been in 
great want all that springs that they subsisted intirely on 
green Corn this summer, that the Squaws were freting 
prodigiously and continnaly teazing their Wariors to make 
peace, that by promisses from Butler & his Minions they are 
fed up with great things that should he done for theni» that 
they seem considerably cast down & frightened, and in short 
she says distress and trouble seems painted in their Counte- 

Distance of March this day 6 Miles. 

Thursdaif Septemba* 16^. 

AtTter destroying several Cornfielda we took up our line 
of March about 11 o'clock a.m. and proceeded towards 
Kanaghsas; previous to our arrival there, parties were 
ordered out to reconoitre tlie Woods, and gather the Bodys 
of those soldiei-s who fell in the Skirmiah of the IS^**, four- 
teen including those six mentioned in my Journal of the 
IS'** were found and buried with Military honors, the sight 
was most shocking as they were all scalped, tomuhawk'd 
and most inhumanly mangled. Amongst those unfortunate 
men was Ilans Jost the volunteer Indian who paid equaly 
with the rest. 

About 6 o*clock we arrived at Kanaghsas and encamped, 
we found several Corntields which were immediately laid 
waist. Oor March this day 9 Miles 

Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

Friday September 17^. 

About 5 o*clock this morning the General beat, the Tents 
were struck and the line of march taken up about 6 o'clock. 
We arrived at Anjeaya about 12 o'clock being the place 
our Stores with a Garrison was left; it was with not a little 
Batisfaction we found everything safe. We were not with- 
out our apprehensions about them on Account of the intil- 
igence we were fearful the enemy might have collected 
from the unfortunate prissoners who fell in their hands on 
the 13*\ We encamped in the same order, and on the 
same ground as of the 11^'' Instant. 

Saturday SeptT 18^, 

This morning about 8 o'clock the Army moovM, the Rear 
was ordered (before they left the ground) to kill all such 
horses as were unable to moove along lea^t the should fall 
in the enemys hands. On our rout we fell in with several 
Onida Indians (our friends) who seera'd much rejoiced at 
our great success agaifist the Seneca Nations, We arrived 
abdut 6 o'clock p.m. at the East side of Kanadaaqua Lake 
were we encamp-d after compleating a march of 13J Milefl, 

Sitndaif Septcmba' 19^, 

The Army moov'd 8 o'clock this morning in the usual 
order, excepting a few obstructions they met with passing 
thro' several Swamps they march'd remarkable steady. 
On our rout we were met by an express from Tioga who 
brought a number of Letters 4 Newspapers informing us of 
Spain declaring War against Great Britain, they likewise 
brought us the agreeable intilligence of a good supply for 
the Army having come on to New-tOT\Ti (about 20 Miles 
above Tioga) to meet us. This agreeable intilligence con- 
spired to make us exceeding happy, as we had not only been 
a long time intirely in the dark with respect to Home-news^ 
but the disagreeable reflection of half allowance was in- 
tirely dispelled. 



Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

We persued our inarch untill we arrived at Kaoadasaga^ 
which was about dii«k when the Infantry got up, we 
Encamped in the same ground and in the same poasition aa 
on the 7^** Instant after compleatiug a march of 15 Miles. 

Monday September 20^. 

The greater part of this day was imploy'd at Head- 
quarters in holding a Council in consequence of the inter- 
ceesion made by some Oneida Indians (our friends) in favour 
of the Cayuga tribe, who have been for some time past in 
alliance with the Senecas, and Acted with them and are 
now desirious to make peace with us. The Council deter- 
mined no treaty should be held with them, and a Command 
of 500 Infantry with Major Parrs Rifle-corps were immidi- 
ately detach'd and sent to the Cayuga Lake on which their 
eettleraents lay, with orders to lay waist atid destroy their 
Towns, Corn kc. and receive none of them but in the char- 
acter of Priasonerfl of War. 

Colo' Smith with 200 Men was also detached down the 
North side of Seneca Lake in order to finish the deatruction 
of Gensinnque, an Indian Village about 8 miles below Can- 
adasaga. Colo' Ganseworth with 100 men was likewise 
detach'd & sent to Fort Stan%vix for some business from 
whence he is to proceed to Head-quarters on the North- 
river and join the Main Army. 

About 4 o'clock p.m. the Army took up their line of 
march and moovM steadily, about half past five they reach 'd 
& erossM the Out-let of Seneca lake and Encarap'd about 
one mile beyond the same. 

Tuesday September Sl^. 

The Army raarch'd this morning about 8 o'clock, and 
continued mooving steady untill we passed Candai about 
2 miles were we Encamp VI near the Lake. Previous ta 
our Marching tins morning, CohV Derbourn with a Com- 




., /• 

\ ' 





' n. 

Colonel Uubley's Journal, 1779. 


maiid of 200 men, march'd to destroy a Town on the 
North aide of Cayuga Lake. Distance of march this day 
13 Miles. 

Wedmsdat/ September ^F*^. 

The General beat and tents were strack about 6 o'clock 

this morning, hat on account of some unavoidable obRtrno- 
tion we did not moove uutill 9 o'clock when we took up our 
line of march and moov'd steadily and in good order. We 
had several very difficult Ravines to ptiss on our rout. 
After compleating a march of 16 Miles we encarapM in the 
Woodg near Sunset. 

Several fine Indian horses were taken at our arrival on 
this grounds 

Thursday September 28^, 

About 8 o'clock this morning the Army march'd and 
arrived at Katherines-town about 2 o'clock p.m, were we 
made a small halt We found at this place the old Indian 
Squaw^ which was left liere, on our march up the Country, 
Gen' Sullivan gave her a considerable supply of flour & 
Meat for which, with tears in her savage Eyes she expresa'd 
a great deal of thanks. During our absence from this 
place, a young Squaw came and attended on the old one 
but some inhuman villain who pass'd thro' kill'd her, — 
What made this crime still more henious was because a 
Manifesto was left with the old Squaw positively forbiding 
any violence or Injury should be committed on the Women 
k Children of the Savages by virtue of which it appears 
this Young Squaw came to this place, which absolutely 
comes under the notice of a breach of faith, and the 
offender ought to be severely punish'd, 

I went to view in Company with a number of Gentlemen 
a verj^ remarkable fall of Water, which is about one mile 
above this place, its beautj^ & elligance surpasses almost 
anything I ever saw, the fall is not less than 200 feet 
About 3 o'clock the army moov'd about 3 Mile further, 


Colofiel HvhUy's Journal, 1779, 

and incamp'd on a plain, at the entrance of the great 
Swamp, after com pleating a march of 13i miles. 

Friday/ September 24.^. 

This morning precisely at 8 o'clock the Army moov*d 

and continued this rotit through the Hemlock Swamp, 
mentioned on the 1" Ins* meeting with much fewer obstruc- 
tions than we expected owing to the very dry weather, 
which we have had for this month past. After passing 
through the same, we came to a fine open Country, and soon 
arrived at Kanawaluhary where there was a post established 
with a reinforcement of Stores which was a most pleasing 
circumstance m the last was issued, and that at half allow- 
ance at Kanadasaga, on our arrival the Garrison saluted ua 
with the discharge of 13 cannon which compliment waa 
returned them by the Army. 

Saturday Septemba* ^5^\ 

In consequence of the Accession of the King of Spain 
ti> the American Alliance and the genrous proceedings of 
the present Congress in Augmenting the suhsistance of the 
officers & Men of the Army, C-^enenil Sullivan ordered five 
head of the best cattle viz* oiic for the use of the Officers of 
each Brigade with five Gallons of Spirits each to be deliv- 
ered to them respectively thereby giving them an opper- 
tunity of testifying their joy on the occassion. 

In the evening the whole Army was drawn up and tired 
a few de*joy, thirteen Cannon being lirst discharged, the 
Infantry then commenc\I u ruiming fire through the whole 
line, which being repeated a second time the whole Army 
then gave three cheers \nzt. One for the United States ot 
America, one for Congress and one for our New Ally the 
King of Spain^ 

The Army being then dismissed Gen' Uand with tlie 
officers of his Brigade attended by the Officers of the Park 
of Artillery repaired to a bowery errected for that pur- 


Colonel Hnbley's Joumah 1779. 

Simday September iB6^K 

A detachment was ordered out this morning to proceed 
up the Tioga braueb, but a heavy raiu coining on prevented 

their Marching, 

About 11 o^clock A.M. the Command under Colonel 
Derbouni who left us 21'* for to proceed to the Cayuga 
Lake, returned bringing two Squaws priesonera, he having 
in his rout destroyed several towns and a great quantity of 
fine Corn. 

Monday September 27^. 

The detachment ordered to march yesterday moov^d this 
morning up Tioga branch to an Indian Village about 12 
miles from this place with orders to destroy the same. 

Coleman & Caldwell two of my Soldiers who by some 
means lost the Reg* at Kanadasaqua Lake on the 18'** Ins* 
after Wandering for 7 days in the Wilderness, found and 
joined us at this place, they subsisted during their absence 
on the Hearts & livers of two dead horses which the found 
on the patli along which the Army had march 'd. 

At duek this evening the detachment w'hich marched this 
morning, return'd after destroying a considerable quantity 
of Corn, beans and other Vegetables, 16 boat loads of which 
they brought with them for the use of y* Army, the aleo 
burned a small village. 

Tuesday September 28^. 

Several Commands were ordered out this day vizV One 

up and the other down the Tioga branch for the purpose of 
destroying Corn &c of which there was a quantity left on 
our March towards the Seneca Country. 

All the Lame & sick soldiers of the Army were this day 
ordered to go to Tioga in boats, and the Pack-horses least 
able for other duty. 

Colo^ Buttler with his Command after laying waist A 
destroying the Cayuga settlements and Corn &c of which 



.*rwsj . 





.f> >♦• 

Colonel HubUy's Journal, 1779. 419 

there was a very great quantity, returned and join'd the 
Army about ten o'clock this morning, 

Wednesdajf September 99^, 

The Army marched this morning about 8 o'clock and 
continued raooving steady iintill we passed Chemung about 
one mile, were we Encamp'd on the same ground and in 
the same poBsition as on the 27^** Ulto. The two Com- 
mands ordered out yesterday morning return *d and join'd 
the Army at this place about 9 o'clock p.m. after destroy- 
ing large quantities of Corn, beans and other vegetablee. 

Thursday September SO^. 

This morning about 9 o'clock the Army moovM about two 
o'clock they arrived on Tioga plains near Fort Sullivan, 
where the whole forra'd in regular line of march and 
nioov'd into the Garrison in the greatest order when we 
were received with Military honours, the Garrison turning 
out with presented Arms and a salute of thirteen rounds 
from their Artillery, which Compliment was returned them 
from the Park of Artillery with the Army. 

Colonel Shrieve, Governor of the Garrison had an elegant 
Dinner provided for the Generals and Field Officers of the 
Army, we regal'd ourselves and great joy k good humour 
was visible in every Countenance. Colo^ Proctors Band k 
Drums & fifes played in Concert the whole time. 

FncUiy October 1^. 

This morning the Horses, belonging to the officers of the 
Brigade, were forwarded to Wyoming. We also sent our 
Cow which we had along with us the whole expedition. And 
to whom we are under infinite obligations for the great 
quantity of Milch she aflTorded us, which rendered our situ- 
ation very comfortable and was no small addition to onr half 


Colonel UubUy's Journal, 1779. 

This Afternoon Colo: Brewer (Gen' Sullivan's Secretary) 
Set of to Congress with the dispatches which contain'd a 
relation of the great success of the Expedition. 

Saturday/ OcUf j^**. 

This day the Commander in chief made an elegant En- 
tertainment and invited all the General k Field officers of 
the Army to dine with him. 

In the evening to conclude the mirth of the day, we had 
an Indian dance. The officers who join'd in it puting on 
Visiors (alias) Monetas, The dance was conducted and led 
off by a Young Sachem of the Oneida Tribe, who was next 
followed by several other Indians, the whole led off and 
after the Indian custom, danc'd to the Music which was a 
rattle, a knife and a pipe, which the Sachem continued 
clashing together and singing Indian the whole time. At 
the end of every Dance the Indian whoop was set up by the 

Sunday October Srd, 

Agreeable to the orders of Yesterday the Garrison of 
Fort Sullivan this day join'd their respective Corps and the 
Fort was demolished. The Stores & other baggage with the 
Park of Artillery were put on board the boats and every other 
matter put in perfect readiness to moove with Ihe Army on 
their rout to Wyoming to morrow morning 6 o'clock. 

The Young Sachem Warior with several Oneida Indians 
(Relatives & friends of the unfortunate Indian Han-jost, who 
bravely fell with the party under the Command of the much 
lamented Lieut. Boyd:) who have faithfully acted as Guides 
to the Army, left us this day well pleased (after bestowing 
some presents on them) for their native plaice, The Oneida 

The German Regiment who composed a part of the 
flanking divisions of the Army, were this day ordered to 
join & do duty with the 3*" Penn* Brigade commanded by 
Gen' Hand. 

Colonel Huhley's Journal, 1779, 


Mondavi 4^ Octoher, 

This day about 8 o'clock the Army took up their line of 
march S: proceeded steady & in the same order as when 
marching to the Jenesi Country with this exception only, 
that the two flanking Divisione of tlie Amiy be join'd & 
cumpoee one, and march on the left flank of the Army, 

The Pack-horses with the greatest difllicnlty, pass'd the 
mountain (calTd Breakneck bill) Six of them by making 
miBS-steps, tumbled down & were mashed almost to a jelly, 
(This Hill id deacrib'd in my journal of the 9*^ of August 

We arrived at Weusakin about 6 o'clock in the evening 
after compl eating a march of 15 miles. On acco' of the 
rain marching was rather disagreeable this day. 

Oil my arrival at this place I received a Letter with some 
News papers &c. from his Excellency President Reed, which 
contained agreeable News Ac, 

Tuesday October S^. 

The Army received orders this morning to embark on 
board of the boats which was effected about 11 o'clock after 
which the whole moov'd, (but paying little respect to order) 
about dusk the Troops landed & struck up fires, every boats 
crew choosing their own ground, the night sett in with rain, 
which continued untill morning. A number of the troops 
not ha\nng any tents, suffered considerably by the rain, 

Wednesday October 6^. 

About 8 o'clock this morning the whole embark*d again, 
and moov'd (paying no attention to order) down the river, 
about 6 o'clock the landed and Encamp'd, the weather being 
exceedingly cloudy 4 look'd likely for rain. 

Thursday October 7^\ 

Embark'd about 6 o'clock and kept on steadily untill we 
arriv'd at Wyoming about 3 o'clock v, m., the whole Army 


422 Colonel Hvhley's Journal, 1779. 

landed and Encamp'd on the same ground and in the same 
order as on the 80*** July. 

Thus by the perseverence, good Conduct and determined 
resolution of our Commander in chief, with the assistance 
of his council and the full determination ot his troops to 
execute have we fully accomplished the great end & inten- 
tions of this important expedition, And I flatter myself we 
have far more than fully surpass'd the most sanguine expec- 
tations of those whose Eyes were more immediately looking 
to us for success. 

The glorious achievements we have exhibited in extending 
our conquests so far, and at the same time render them so 
very compleat, will make no inconsiderable ballanc© even 
in the present politicks of America. Its future good conse- 
quences I leave to the eloquence of time to declare, which 
will in Ages hence celebrate the memory of those brave 
Sons, who nobly resigned their lives disdaining every fati^e 
& hardship, to compleat a conquest, the real good eflfects & 
advantages of which posterity will more particularly enjoy. 

Whilst I revere the merit and virtue of the Army, I am 
sorry I am under the necessity of mentioning that there 
was an unparallerd and unpardonable neglect (and which 
ought not to pass with impunity) in those whose business 
it was to supply them with a sufficient quantity of neces- 
saries to carry them through the expidition, instead of 
which not more than 22 days of flour & 16 days meat was 
on hand when it commenc'd. And altho' the Army pos- 
sess'd a degree of Virtue perhaps unparallel'd in the Annals 
df History, in undertaking an expedition on half allowance 
which was in every instance hazardous and injurious, Yet 
had we not been favoured with the smiles of Providence in 
a continuation of good Weather, the half allowance itself 
would not have enabled us to perform what from that 
circumstance we have. 


Letters of WiUiam Penn, 



[Originals in the Manuscript Department of the Historical Sodetjr of 


(Continued from page 318.) 

y* 11-7™ 1691 


I have Rec^ your Divided packett w*'' show yo*' Di- 
vided Qovernm' and surely y* Cause of it will early or late 
meet with its Reward whereever it lives. In y* meau time 
your Division has tome me to peices and opeiid those 
wounds that Malice ^ve me here, and time & patience had 
Closed up and almost Cured. No publiek frowns have given 
me that trouble or Concerne, and I am Greived that what I 
thought y* highe.^t mark of a lowly and loving miDde has 
had no better Effect. What is next to be don to gaine you 
orquiett you, to perewade you to your owne Interestt before 
yo** Disorders spoyeld you and Devour y* Country ? you 
Cannot Imagine what use is made by all sorts and Especiall 
those at Helm of your Divisions. O ffriends I Came to you 
in love, I left you in love and with Resolutions of Returning 
to you with all that was Dear to me in this World and my 
letts and Disapointinents y' Righteous God knows were 
neitlier what I Desired nor Could overcome, but y* Course 
you take will ever make it Impracticable. I am a man of 
Sorrows and you Augment my Griefs, not because you dont 
concerne, but because you dont love one another. Though 
you are not of one Judgment in Religion, you are of 
one ffamily in Civiles and should airne at y* publiek 
good, and your owne private Interests only in that, and if you 
Cannot Deny your selves, your private humour & Resent- 
ments I must Expect ffrom your strifes j'^ Loss of the whole 
to me and mine and as uneaaie as the administrations have 
been to all sides under my Deputations, you will ffinde the 
change worse then you are able to Imagine or Mend. 


Letters of WUliam Penn, 

I write this therefore and Dedicate it to you all before 

any resohitione are taken (from Your Division) here, to your 
Htid my prejudice. Shall your Disatisfaction about David 
Lloyd and Jo" White, their usage ruine us all ? Cannot you 
bear a little ffor y' good of y' whole at least till it please 
God to bring rae among you. One party Coniplaiiies of a 
surreptitious Councile^ the other of an Incompetent Election 
of a Deputy, Before you part I oblige you in y* ffear and 
name of God, by w* power I have with you in tirienJtthipp 
or Office that you ffbrgive and pass by yo' respective heats 
k objections k studdy peace and love and whoever is most 
in the right will I hope show most of that Disposition and 
by y' Convince y' opposite party, I call upon you all my 
Loving ffriends, Tho, Lloyil, Wm, Markhani Arth' Cook, 
Jo' Cain, Jos. Growdon> Wm. Clark «fcc to bear what I say 
and to remember yo' Gover% your ft'riend and your affec- 
tionate one too, asks this at your hands. I Can ffbrgive you 
in what any of you have thoat or done at anytime ag* me. 
Can you not ftbr my sake and your owne fforgive one 
another? And wherein you have served me, I am, and 
hope to be fturther thankful to you. Strive not, rend y' 5*^ 
Mat. y" 12 Rom. 3 of y' Coloss. 1 Tim : 3, 2 Tim 2:142 
of Tim. you will see what becomes Christianity, even in 
Government, the matter is Easily Convertible to Conclude 
if Petitions were Rejected it was not well, if the assemhlys 
Clark was knowingly, or as such arrested it was not Dis- 
creet but I must tell you they have none by Charter, but y* 
Proc^ Councills, ffor he whoever he be is y*" Clark to y* 
Qen^' Assembly and the assembly but an addiliouall to y' 
Prov, Councill wdio is the true Representative which answers 
to y Commons not y* Lords of England, being Elected 
which ye Lords are not and ftbr that reason Least Council- 
lors, tho the peoples choyce may miss it, by Weakness or 
Corrnption, yett they shall have an I or an no ffbr it but 
not a r** Debating power as hath y* Prov Councill which I 
have more than cmce hinted to you, Againc if the New 
Castle &c councillors surprised y* board it was not well y* 

Letters of WiUiam Penn, 


president and all ia Towne should have been eummoned 
and if the Prov. Coiincill Cliaose a Deputy without a Charter 
Quorum, it waa also repreheuaable* I therefore require y* 
Meeting of y* Councillors that could meet, whonie sickness 
or absence did not hinder, that you might together hear 
my minde and my desires and by answering which I shall 
see whether you remember, love or desire your fiViend k 
Qover' againe. You of the Lower Counties Call to minde 
how you desired to be joyned to y* uper^ and you of 
y' upper Counties how much you w^ere pleased at y^ union 

f of y' Lower and both at Chester (then Upland) and after- 
wards at Philadelphia, y* solemn presence that union waa 
blest with* I can better ttbrgive those tliat were not wit- 
nesses of it. It is never to be forgotten of those that will 
remember that w'^ is good. Take that Hono' from me be 

[United before I come tliat I may ffinde you as I left you to 
Gods Glory and our Mutuall Comfort. 

I had y* New Castle packett 10 days agoe that of y* 
Province but 6 days since have had but an hours time given 

.me to send you this and not an hour before came y* Laws 
&c from flmnce that Came by y* Tryall as I suppose with 
Divers Letters but none ffrom any publick person but a 
short one from Cap* Markham of tlie S^ mo, 90, if more 
they may follow^ ffriends I conclude with this chuse againe 
in a ttui! Councill, be Kinde and yeilding, that your Neigh- 
bours may see you Can fforgive as well as resent and he 
wise as %vell as Jealous of j^our Rights^ and lett no man be 
turned out nor make Changes but upon misdemeanour 
Farely proved, And ffor all New Towna or Chartera or 
Counties Ac Nothing to be done but by my Knowledge and 
Consent Especially no alteration in the Townes or Settle* 
ment already made. The Messengers stays and I have only 
time to salute you all, and by you y* people, that am your 
reall ffriend 

Wm. Penn. 

w. p, P. a 

To my trusty and well beloved ftriends Tho. Lloyd, Jo* 


JjetUrs of William PentK 

Syncock, Jo8. Growden, Wm. Markham Jo* Cann, Wm. 
Clark, Arth. Cook, Sam Richardson Jo" Curtis, ThoiBM 
Duckett, Grif. Owen, Jo* Bristow Wm. Jenkins, Wm. 
Btockdale, Jo» Delevall, GrifF. Jones, Wm. Yardly and j* 
rest of the Prov Councill of Pcuimilvatiiii and Territorya, 
not to be opened before all be present unlesa hindered b/ 
Bteknees or unavoidable absence. 

Etuionfed on the letter is the following : 

ThiB Lett' waa and' Cover Directed to Tho. Lloyd and 
W* Murkham w** ye* Proprietors owne band. It eanie by 
way of Maryland enclosed to Rich* John and sent hether by 
Ralfe fliahbourne y* 12"^ of Ap" 1692. Tho. Lloyd brought 
it to mc Wm. Clark was then with me, woe opened y' ffirst 
Cover and itbiiud inclosed this Letter sealed, and open'd iu 

Rob. Tltrnkr 

[ cannot compluin of thy silence, tho more of laite then 
formerly & mast own I have had more letters from 
y* than any one in y* Province except my Cos, Mark- 
ham. But y* ill favoured Jumble of G, K agst which the 
life of God in frds has risen throughout this natiou^ Scot- 
land k Ireland hm I beleive hindered y* of late; Thoo 
going in too far with him in Countenanceing, or not 
enough discountenancing his violences, and manag'em^ 
Tho I have suyd thou hast to me disliked them* RoK the 
ancient, noble, Glorious truth turng agst his work & he ia 
fallen in with y* dreggs of aposttacy & enmity of all aorta 
of Professions agst us & not 6 people in y* unity before he 
came over adhear to him as I can learn he dwindles away^ 
depend upon it Thou kno\v«i I was kinde & plain too, but 
I of all men, he runs at, & baa moat unworthily used, the 
Lord rebuke him & restore him. 

Now for w' thou hast writt in thyn of y* 6. 6* 96. I take 
it kindly, for there are good hints A; eights of things, & I 
shall make use of them accordingly, as thou mayst soon see. 
But Robert, If truly thou lovest me & one whose shoes 

Letters of WUliam Penn. 


lachet I am not worthy to unloose^then let me prevale witli 
thee not to streDgthen y* Int. & Party w**' runs aget y* an- 
cient unity & frds. as we were a People when I was among 
you, I wiil nut say they have not their weaknesses ; some 
may he high, some Belfish, some hote, yet they are a people 
called and In measure saved by the Lord, They have 
known & do know & measurably enjoy the Lorils love & 
presence which is beyond words & speculations and doubt- 
ful disputations. I beseech thee m an ancient professor 
of y* ever honourable truth & an acquaintance of the 
nobles of Israel in y* heginitig, y* thou come forth 
clearly from any privat dissatisfactions, or singularitys & 
thou wilt soon feel the comfort & encrcaae of it to thyselfe 
in thyn own bosome, none knows of this but my selfe, I 
know thou art a secret man k therefore to y* I ease ray 
minde next, for my own poor languishing Interest I am 
enough a beleivcr of y* ill estate of it, but alas who will 
help me. I have not seen sixpence these twice six years, 
my Plantation expensive & yet ruinous, a lovely place & 
good begining hut every one mindeing their own things. 
But my eye is to the Lord y* from rny youth has preserved 
me k from my mothers womb seperated me to see his won- 
drous works in y' great deef»8 of ray day k in my voyage 
to eternity for which my soul blesseth his holy narno. 

I hear vice raigna to y" reproach of the I*rovince — thou 
wilt he heard by Gov' Man & used to write to me about it 
in T. K's time, urge him to suppress it with an high hand. 
I have suffered much formerly on his account k others as 
P. R** &c. for being over then» y* made it a country, k ex* 
pected under me the chiefeat Administration and came with 
y' hope, k if they see no better conduct than in other 
Goverm** they will be under a very troublesome dis- 
apointmt I cannot but acknowledge they have some reason, 
wherefore pray let thos y* Govern, represent me & my 
strictneas, ail they can for every body here kc expect it k jr* 
Contrary is my reproach k our Professions. I shall next tell 
thee that I shall shortly nominate a surv' Gen" Deputy, also 


Letters of William Penn. 

com"* of Propriety & some other new measures, what thou 
canst pray be helpfull that ray affaires sinck not, my poor 
daughter now by nie, begga y* her house may not sinck, but 
if needfull be repaired the best w^ay to improve it for her 
would be a reall kindness to her & to me. I will not say she 
wants it, but it would be a requiait conveniency to her, give 
ray love to thy wife & mo' & ffiriends as free I am 
Thy assured Frd 

Wm. Pknn, 

Lett me hear first & about 
my concerns & Daughters & 
sons lott, now my only 
one for y* Lord has taken 
from me ray excellent 
ehilde, to my deepest grief 

London 5^ 7* 97 


The Accusations of one sortA the reports of another that 
are come ft)r England against your Goverm* not only tend 
to our ruioe but our Disgrace. That you winck at a Scotch 
Trade & a Dutch one too receiveing European goods from 
the latter, as well as suffering yours agst law & y* English 
Interest to goe to the other, also that you do not only winck 
at but embrace pirats, ships & men. Thes are your Accusa- 
tions, and one Francis Jones ot Philadelphia has complained 
of it to Gov' Nicolson because It was not redrest in y' 

The Reports are & a nameless letter is come to me be- 
sides from Philadelphia to y*" same purpose, that there is no 
place more over run with wickedness, sins so very sctandal* 
oua openly Committed in defiance of law & virtue, facts so 
foul, I am forbid by common modesty to relate them* I 
do therefore desire & charge you the Gov' & Council for 
y'' time being to issue forth some act or acts of state, forth 
with to suppress both forbidden Trade and piracy & also 
y* growth of vice & loosness, till some severe laws be made 

Letters of William Penn. 


agst them. And I doe hereby Charge that no licences be 
granted to any to keep publick houses y* do not give great 
security to keep civil houses, & are not known tx> be of a 
Bober convireation & y' the Courts of Justice in each County 
have the approbation of not liceufleing of them in order to 
prevent much of the occasion of such Lewdness k Idleness 
as are too often seen in such places. And Ujat you take 
care that Justice be Impartially done upon Transgressors, 
that the wrath and vengeance of Qod fall not upon you to 
Blast your so very flourishing beginiug. I hasten to j^ou 
60 fast as the Complaints here agst you will give me leave, 
y* make my presence now but too necessary. Lett neither 
base gain nor a byass aftection, byasa or make you partiall 
in tliese cases. But for my sake, your own sakes & above 
all for God's sake, lett not the Poor Province longer suffer 
under such grevious & offensive Lnputations, and you 
will oblige him y* loves you, prays for you & prays to be 
with you, St is with true love 

your reall Friend & aff. Proprietary 

Wm* Pbnn, 

letters of Haimah Penn, 

BATH y* 11^ of 3^ mo. 1715 

Deab Child. 

This brings mine & thy fethers Dear Love to thee & thy 
Brothers Richard k Dennis, who I hope mind your Books 
& do as Master orders. Neglect not to read in the Bible 
or in some Good frds book the Value of 2 Chapters every 
day, and hear thy brothers also a small pettit<m out of 
y* bible or J. Frames book some of which I wuuld thee at 
thy Leacure hours. Learn them by heart and be a good 
Exanjple to them, I have the satisfaction to hear you were 
well first day from Hannahs Mother who also brought the 
account of Ilonest Murg* Rawles death at which I have been 
much ConsernM but wash to know of what £ with whom she 


Letters of WiUiam Penn, 

djed, I Bhall lett thee know that thy poor father holds 
through the Lords mercy as well as ut home he drinks about 
a q' of y' Bath Water and has a good stomach atler it, I am 
at present also prettj^ well as is thy sister &• sister Aubrey, 
Mary Chandler tt M. Wells Indiferent, as is Hannah this 
day, But she has heen very ill for the niost part ever since 
she came here so was not able to attend thy father but rather 
wanted attendance herselfe having had a severe feavour & 
ague but mist her filt yesterday and has been better to-day 
y" any day since she Came. I am at a loss for several things 
she should have reruembred and vv'''' I would have sent by 
flying coach 6^^ day if tliis comes time enough to hand, viz, 
thy fathers slippers, 2 pair of New Gloves in the sheet 
Trunk, his old thin Wascoat of striped silk druggett, 
Johnes thin surtoot if not t^^ren, if tis then send thy fathers 
short one to make one for him. We also want Peggas Blue 
shoes. Johnes new silk Hankereher & mine trom Mary 
little worths send it by the man that meets H. Pratt for 1 
fancy they will be most reasonable, but if Extortions then 
send by the Waggon, who will bring for 7/ a hundred but 
I much want thy fathers thin wascoat 6c Johnes Coat, he & 
thy sisters gives their kind love to you alb Give mine to 
Thomas Kent S: to thy Master, if either of them desire any 
books out of tliy fathers Closett thou may help them to the 
key & when done lett Rachell lock it up with the rest in 
the drawer I left it. Give my Love to Rachell to whom be 
ye all kind i- easy & if her mother Inclines to come as I 
ofered rachell, Lett her be kindly used, and tell her I would 
have The Rent accomodated to his satisfaction. 1 have not 
m yet heard from you since Thomas went hence^ I desire 
sometimes to hear from thy Master and sometimes from 
thee how you go on & are in health and how poor Manda 
does, if thy Master has not made more Balsamaek sirup lett 
Thomas Get 2 or 3 ounces of it from Rob^ Deans & if it 
does her good lett her have more; or anything else y' may 
turn to her advantage, for I am in concern for her, but I must 
gay no more now, but with my best desires tor good and 

Letters of WUliam Penn. 431 

Comfort and hearty salutes of dear Love to you all my dear 
Children I end and am thy Dear brothers &c 

Thy affectionate Mother 
To Thomas Pbnn. H. Pbnn. 

My love to our frds. at 
Reding. I would have Rachell 
bottle 6 or 8 bottles at least 
of Gooseberry when they are fitt & 
Candy some Angelha if any 
is fitt else make some cake 

or of which is in my 

receite Book which John has and 

which I desire w"* the Loose receits 

may be kept very Carefully. I 

wish for a buttin book or 2 y* Johne Imploy his 

time in here if John thinks any he has proper. 

29*^ of 6-1718 
My dear Child 

This is to bring thee the sorrowfuU act. of thy fathers 

being worse than ordinary, I refer thee to H. Qouldney & 

thy sister Aubrey for more particulars I am 

Thy aflBicted but 

affec. Mother 

H. P. 

I think thou was best write to thy 2 poor brothers & lett 
them know a little of our care least the next may be too 
surprising to them. Tho' Rob* Dean this morning did not 
seem to see an aparent danger sudanly but I do fear it 

432 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-178S. 


(Continued from page 889,) 

Philai) June 10. 1774. 
Dear friend, 

I had tlie pleasure of communicating a few lines to tliee 
on the 31** ult™ packet, since when none of thy favors have 
come to my hands; the murder of thoee Indians on the 
Ohio haa been since fully ascertained, and the enclosed copy 
of a letter from John Irwin will give thee a pretty clear 
view of that horrid transaction; he is a man of good char- 
acter, and his account is therefore much to lie depended 
on. It is ascerted that an express went to the Govornor 
of Virginia wnth the accuunt, hut he has taken no notice 

What I mentioned in one of my former letters, is now 
daily verifying; all this extensive Continent considers the 
port hill of Boston as striking essentially at the Iil>ertie8 of 
all North America, and the enclosed newspaper will give 
thee a specimen of their sentiments, in the resolution of 
the Virginians who have determined (tho* not public) to 
break oft* the rearing of more tobacco unless the grievances 
are redressed, and every man knows how^ this will affect 
the revenue of England; Maryland has followed tlie exam- 
ple, and almost all the couutiea of that province have 
entered into resolves. Pennsylvania is following on, and 
on the 1 5**' a general meeting is to be held in this city, when 
its not doubted, that the greatest numbers will attend that 
was ever known on any occasion, a body of about 40 per- 
sons were together yesterday to propose the resolves for 
this grand meeting, — Our Govornor has been petitioned by 
a large number to call the Assembly that they might unite 

Letters of ThoTnas WJiartoH, 1773-1783, 433 

with the other A«sembliea in forming one General Con- 
gress, which he has refused to do; notwithstanding w^hich 
I am clear, that a General Congress of Deputies from all 
the Colonys will take place this fall, and thereby will begin 
the formation of an union, w^iich I am clear it will become 
Great Brittain so far to unite on as to form a constitu- 
tional connection between you and iia, w^hereby a lasting 
cement will be et!ected. 

We yesterday were informed by a coasting vessel that 
he had seen the ileet of men of war and soldiers going to 
Bostjon where no doubt they are arrived before this,^ — 

I beg the favor of thy informing my Brother, that his 
connections are well (except our honoured father whose 
health seems much on the decline) and that I [propose to 
write him by next packet if I ttnd he is like to continue. 
I remain wnth the sincerest esteem 
thy obliged friend 

T, Wharton, 

Newinoton July 5, 1774, 
Dear Brother, 

My last to thee per Capt F, ot the 17**" May I hope thou 
hast received, since when thy favor of the 6*^ April c^me to 
hand for which I thank thee, and we were pleased to find 
you luid liopes soon of setting in motion your own aftair, 
and we were confirmed in the prospect by a confirmation 
of the aasurance given you by Lord Dartmouth, that he would 
write in His Majesty's name to L* Dunmore forbidding 
the 94ile ^'c. of the Ohio lands. I mentioned that J. Tilgh- 
man and A. Allen were gone down to Virginia to try if 
possible to settle matters with Dunmore respecting the 
conduct of Dr Conolly, and they happening to be at Wil- 
liamsburg when the dispatches by tlie April packet got 
there, his Lordship, (as A. Allen told me) could not help 
expressing with much warmth the receipt of those prohib- 
itory orders, and it appeared that he was much disap- 
pointed in not being able to serve himself and some others 
VOL, xxxni^ — 28 

434 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-1783. 

by locating a large track; and when they found their schemes 
were thus frustrated, they openly denied the quality of the 
land, this however could avail but little with any judicious 
man; but the consequences flowing irom the barbarous 
murders committed by Michael Creseup and Baker are 
likely to have the most eerioos tendency as the Indians 
have taken up the hatchet against the English, and killed a 
numl>er of people; its said that upwards of 200 families 
have already left their settlements, with all the prospect of 
fine and plentiful crops, and in the utmost confusion fled 
to the interior parts of Virginia and this province; by theae 
most wricked acts of Cressup, Baker and some others, the 
rapid settlement of Vandalia is greatl}^ checked, and great 
numbers of industrious, usefull people driven to the utmost 
despair. — Some do not hesitate to say that, a certain Lord 
must have been at the bottom, in order if possible to drive 
thy friends from our scheme, that he with a few" others might 
step in and get the prize, as it was conceived that our great 
friends at home WHiuld not think a country wTirth obtaining 
which lay constantly open to the attacks of a wild ferocious 
enemy, and thou'l find observation hinted at in a letter I 
lately enclosed to Thomas Walpole from John Irwin to R. 
Callender, so serious is this important affair grown, that 
notwithstanding L"* Dunmore dissolved his Assembly some 
weeks since, to hinder them from taking the affairs of the 
Bostonians into their consideration, yet he has on these 
Indian all arms, issued writ for a new election, which 
conies on in as short a day as possible. — Our Qovornor 
has also summoned our Assembly to meet the 18* inst: to 
take Indian affairs into their consideration, and thou may 
be assured, that at a time he wished to do nothing that 
might offend administration he would not have called the 
house, and thereby given them an opportunity constitution- 
ally to unite with the other Colonies, had not this most 
pressing necessity obliged him to it, and I am therefore 
very unhappy in being necessitated to inform thee of mat^ 
ters so very disagreeable as the certainty of an Indian war 

UUers of Thomas WhaHon, 177S'178S. 436 

must be to us, — There were about 60 traders with all their 
property in the Itidian country just ready to depart from 
thence when these %v retches Cressup and Baker eonmiitted 
these ujurderis, the consequence of which is the immediate 
loss of those traders lives with about £20,000 property 
belonging chiefly to some nierchants in this city. — I have 
not received a letter from Col. Croghan for eome consider- 
able time, tho' I hear he is doing what he can to pacify the 
Indians, but all seems to little effect. Can it be possible 
that Government will let such men as Cresgup and Baker 
go unpunished. Its said (and I believe with great truth) 
that Michael Creasup was making of large surveys at the 
time of this quarrel, and some do not hesitate to say, for a 
certain Lord ; but whether true or not I cannot tell, 1 can 
assure thee that every information we can get very clearly 
proves the friendly disposition of the Indians, but it cannot 
be expected they will put up with such attrocious acts of 
vilany. — 

Since my last, great have been the commotions on this 
continent, occasioned principally by the act of parliment for 
shutting up the port of Boston, and the prospect of other 
acts relative to that unhappy place, and be assured the w^iole 
continent will hereby he united in a stronger and more firm 
union than any thing which has heretofore happened could 
possibly etiect, as thou no doubt peruses the several papers 
of this continent, they will inform thee of the general steps 
persueing to effect this grand measure. Virginia took the 
lead, and they fixed the 1" of August to meet in order to 
appoint deputies to attend the Congress, but as L** Dunmore 
has called a new election, he no doubt means the House 
shall meet in a legislative capacity to do something relative 
to Indian affairs, when they will authoritatively appoint 
deputies for tlje Congress. The Caroliiuis and Maryland 
will do the same, and our Assembly, it cannot remain as a 
doubt will comply with the desire of their constituents in 
this point; the Jersey and New York have engaged to be 
ready; Rhode Island and Maasachusets have appointed their 

436 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-178S. 

deputies, and the latter fixed on the first of Septeraher to be 
the time of meeting and that tlie Congress sit in Philadel- 
phia, hence thou sees the great probability of an American 
Union taking place, and I dare aay thou'l join with me in 
believing it would be happy coukl our parent state assist us 
in thus estiiblishing a Constitutional Union betwixt her and 
us» she appointing a supreme magistrate to reside on this 
continent, who, with a fixed number from each House of 
Assembly should form an tipper legislature to control the 
general atfairs of this continent, and who would l)e a proper 
check to the forward or ambitious views of any one colonj. 
— Tlie intent of this congress, is to endeavour to form a con- 
stitutional plan for the government of America, dutifully to 
petition the King, and remonstrate to parliament relative to 
various acta of trade, the several acta respecting the Massa- 
chusets government, and if possible to point out such heads 
tliat we may unite witli the mother country in a constitu- 
tional Union; and I suppose it will then be considered how 
far a general nonexportiition,, and nonimportation will be 
proper for the Colonies tx) engage in, should relief not be 
gra!ited to the prayer of the Americans. — 

Thou may somewhat admire to see my name among the 
Committee lately appointed at a grand meeting of our citi- 
zens, aa thou knows I have for some years declined taking 
an active part in public measures, but I shall freely say that 
the inducements to me on this extraordinary occasion were 
the solicitations of great numbers of my fellow citizens, and 
a sincere desire in myself to keep the transactions of our 
city within the limits of moderation and not indecent or 
offensive to our parent state* — When the affairs of Boston 
became very serious by the passing of the portbill the com- 
mittee consisting of 19 who were chosen some time since, 
thought it not prudent of themselves to prepare resolves 
&e, for a general county meeting (which was strenuously 
insisted on) they selected 6 persons from each society in 
this city, to unite with them in considering and preparing 
those resolves, when as many attended, increased the num- 

Letters of Thomm Wharton, 1773-1783, 437 

ber to ubout 60 jjersous; ut this meeting J Dickenson (one 
of the committee) produced a number of resoIveB, some of 
wliieh were expressed in terms we conld not approve of, 
and therefore after deljiitee which histed for 10 or 12 bour», 
we took off all the acrinionious parts and reduced them to 
the printed ones enclosed; but thou1 find that those pub- 
lished in our newspapers as agreed at the general meeting 
is somewhat ditiereiU; on the whole as I eunnot pretend to 
give in the course of a letter a circumstantial detail of those 
transactiotis let it suffice, that, I say, our only motive for 
meeting was to keep the peace of tlie city and as mucli as 
possible to liinder any thing from being done tliat could 
tend to influence or inseuse Great Brittain against us, as we 
arc ainmdantly coiinneed that our hapfnncss depends on a 
strict union with tier on constitutional principles, and we 
hope the great among you will be convinced of the pro- 
priety of this union, and grant their assistance to a measure 
which if well executed, must tend greatly to the prosperity 
of both countries. 

Thy family lU'e well — our honoured father continues 
very low and I very much fear his continuance with us, 

I am tliy aife* Brother 

T. Wharton. 

R S, Thy letter of 6'*^ May with the act of Parliament 
respecting Quebec and that to J Dobson and Co is just 
come to hand — the packet not yet arrived. Where will 
mattei's terminate. 

Nkwington Aug: 2, 1774, 
Dear friend, 

My last of the lO**" June I hope came safe to hand since 
when I had the pleasure of thy favor of May 4*** for which 
I thank thee, — The sentiments it contains do honour to 
the author, and I hope the day is not far off' when the 
foundation will be laid whereon a substantial and perma- 
nent union between Great Brittain and her Colonies will be 
established, as this union cannot be durable unless fixed 

438 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-178S. 

on constitutional principles, I trust our great ones with 
jou will not lake nnjbrage at the Congress which haa been 
formed to collect the united sentiments of all America on 
this great point and in which the utmost degree of har- 
mony prevails among us; and I cannot entertain the moet 
distant doubt but that it is the desire of this continent and 
will be one principal object of that body to manifest to 
our parent state the most sincere disposition to continue 
with her in the strictest harmony and friendship, notwith- 
standing some very violent and base publications have 
issued from the pen of men who are unworthy of the con- 
nection we bear with yon, but I know I am writing to so 
good a judge of mankind, that he will not blend the vir- 
tuous of an extended continent with a few whose [illegible] 
prove them unfit for the members of civil society* The 
Boston portbill with the other two acta of parliament rela- 
tive to that place, have aroused this whole continent and 
thou'l find by all their jiroceedings that they consider Bos- 
ton as suffering in the common cause of America, these 
sentiments have naturally produced the several measures 
which have been pursued, and by the accounts received we 
find that South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, the three 
lower counties on Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, 
New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay and New 
Hampshire have all actually appointed deputies to attend 
the Congress to be held in this city the beginning of Sep- 
tember next, and we can have no doubt but that North 
Carolina and Georgia will also attend by their deputies. 
Hence tbou sees, that what I sometime since mentioned 
will clearly take place, and I am sure as I can be of any 
thing not perfected, that if our parent state will but meet 
us on such grounds as becomes her dignity and our affinity 
to her, all will be happy, and perhaps through a union of 
counsels difterence in sentiment which for some part has 
subsisted, may have the happy tendency of striking out a 
path of proceedure for both countries which may not only 
secure their future good will towards each other but con- 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1718-1788. 


firm to all the world that we are bone of your bone, and 
consider the Ireedom of one country od the sure pledge of 
the other. 

By a veaael belonging to R^ Neave which I expect will 
sail in 10 days I intend to forward for thy amusement and 
information a number of our papers as thuu'll thereby be 
fuller informed of what has been doing on this continent than 
the limits of a letter will admit of, thou'l no doubt see my 
name in the list of our Committee, and I can truly say, 
that, the only motive I had in undertaking a service which 
I knew wuuld be very arduous and therefore disagi'eeable, 
was that I might contribute as far as possible in keeping 
iny fellow citizens from proceeding to declarations and 
measures inconsistent with their duty and true interest, 
and I do not repent the time I spent therein, although I 
cannot approve of all of the resolves entered into, nor of 
the instructions delivered to our members of Assembly; 
a few of us on that committee protested against the violent 
and therefore unworthy parts of them, and the opposition 
to which cost many hours, for altho' we are satisfied, it the 
freedom of America is taken away, that of England will 
not continue longj yet we are equally convinced that 
decent and loyal expressions, with a firm attachment to the 
Constitutional principles of an englishman, would better 
become us, than any other mode that could be adopted; 
and indeed I know the general sentiments of the people on 
this continent, is that of true and faithful subjects to our 
Gracious Bovreign George the Third, and who in the most 
ardent manner wish a preservation of that ancient harmony, 
which subsisted between you and us, but yet they cannot 
admit of the possibility of our being represented by the 
Commons of Great Brittnin, and therefore, that, constitu- 
tionally they can have no right to take our money fi-om U8» 

Among the papers I shall send thee will be the votes 
of our Assembly, herein thoul perceive the sentimenta 
respecting the unhappy difterences which have taken place 
between the Virginians and Indians, owing, we have too 

440 Letters of Thonias Wharton, 177S-178S, 

much reason to believe to the diBpositiun of L** D. to get 
possession of the lands on the Ohio, that he and a few others 
might garble up what quantities they thought pnjper; hut I 
have the happiness to believe they will be disappointed 
therein, L* Dunmore (as published in the Virginia papers) 
left Williatnsburg on the ll"* ult" for Fort Pitt, in order, 
(as its said) to settle with the natives, and if possihle to 
restore pea^e and tranquility to the unhappy but indus- 
trious poor who have settled along the banks of the Ohio, 
he will, if he is sincere in the measure, very easily accom- 
plish the necessary work, as there has been tit^ties held by 
Col, Croghan and Capt McKee unth the several tribes of 
Indians in that quarter, all of whom have engaged to con- 
tinue their friendship with U8, except the Shawanese, who 
were the tribe that suffered by the baseness and horrid 
murders committed by Michael Cressup and his party, yet 
its not doubted but a present to them will effect the salu- 
tary purpuse, and restore peace along our extended frotitier. 
Cob Croghan forwarded ine the copy of a treaty, which 
tlio' several slieets of paper, I thought might be acceptable, 
and therefore have caused the same to be transcribed, and 
which shall be forwarded to thee. 

This packtt will cunvey to you an account of the irrep- 
arable loss the nation has met with in the sadden and 
uu expected death of that great man Sir W"" Johnson about 
the 11"' of last month. It seems he had just had a con- 
ference with a large body of Indians on the murders com- 
mitted by Cressup &c: — and that he happily induced them 
to remain iu quiet with us, but just aa they were taking 
leave of him, he was seized with the Bilious Cholic, svhich 
in a few hours put a period to his staj^ in this life. 

I remain &c &c 

T. Whartok 

Newington August 20. 1774, 
Dear friend Thomas Walpolb, 

I did myself the pleasure on the 2*^ inst per packet to 
write thee, and a few days after {by a vessel from hence to 

Letters of Thonuia WkaHon, 17 73 -17 8$. 441 

London addressed to llartfonl k Powell) I sent thee a 
number of newspapers with the Votes of our Assembly and 
the proceedings at Fort Pitt relative to an accommodation 
with the Indiana, these papers were directed to the Captains 
particular care, to be delivered to those gentlemen without 
cost of postage, which I hope as well as the one per packet 
will soon reach thy hands; altho* I hav^e not had the pleaa- 
ure of any of thy favors since that of May I could not avoid 
transmitting thee, the extraordinary resolves and instruc- 
tions of the Virginians. And it appears to me they have 
proceeded further in this declaration than any of the other 
Colonies, and indeed much further than, I think, was pru- 
dent or just for them to do, but wh<i t^hall say^ thus far 
you shall proceed and no further, yet I trust when the 
wisdom of this continent is united in Congress they will 
pursue such measures as shall cunvinee you of our tirm and 
sincere attachment to a Constitutional connection with the 
parent state, both parts supporting its legal and juet rights. 
— Some of the delegates from Soutli Carolina are already 
arrived, and I doubt not by the 10'^* September tlic Con- 
gress will sit, when I shall have it iti my power regularly to 
inform thee of the stejis they shall take. 

As I find a disposition is strongly preval^t in most ot 
the Colonies, that a nonimportation from Great Brittain 
shall take place, I am very jealous that tJie Congress will be 
compelled to adopt this measure, perhaps to commence the 
!•* January 1775, and I do believe it will be attended 
with the moat positive and strict observance, you best know 
how tar this will atiect your true interests and perhaps our 
great ones may find they had better never have compelled 
the Americans to adopt this measure, — 

Let those who write to pleaae ministers of State, say what 
they may, be assured of a truth, that the Colonies from one 
end of the continent to the other, consider the proceedings 
against Boston as levelled at each of them, and they do also 
consider the act (in its present form) for establishing the 
Govorninent of Quebec, as the greatest departure from the 

hetiers of Thom^is Wharton, 177S-17SS* 


I now enclose the extract of a letter which I received 
from Col. Croghan by which thoii'l perceive tlie horrid 
situatioti which the base acts of some of the Virginians has 
thrown the western country into, and on receipt of wliich 
letter I applied to the Governors Secretary and endeavoured 
to conviueti hiru of the necessity that some goods shouhl he 
sent, but he replied that they liad scTit several belts to the 
Indians and had renson to hope tliat they would he pre- 
vailed on not to join with the Shawnese in the war, but aa 
Col. Croghan writes in such strong terms that a general 
war would absolutely follow if some steps were not taken, 
and that if I would send him 50,000 of black and white 
wampum he would do liitt utmost to prevent the spreading 
of the war, I consulted my father and we were of opinion 
that the proprietors of Vandal ia would not hesitate one 
moment in approving the propriety of the measures; I 
therefore purchased the quantity of Wampum and sent it 
by John Campbell as he requested, the cost being Je75 is 
charged with the £160, advanced in January last to the pro- 
prietors, and so those informed me that I might reimburse 
myself by a draft on thee, therefore I shall in a few days 
sell a Bill on thee for about £135 sterling for that purpose 
and which I doubt not thou*l answer and that ray conduct 
herein will be agreeable to the proprietors \vith you. 

I have now enclosed thee a list of the delegates for the 
several provinces all of whom are arrived, and in a few 
days a piece will be published pointing out more strongly 
the reasons why the Americans are not represented in par- 
liament^ than any piece yet printed has done and which I 
shall endeavour to forward for thy perusal, some of the 
members attending were very warm, others more moderate 
and I should conclude after certain resolves they will pro- 
ceed to what they conceive the Constitutional rights of 
America, and appoint certain persons to accompany those 
performances to Great Brittain and lay the same before the 
King and Pariiament hereby endeavouring to begin the 
establishment of that harmony which we sincerely wish was 

444 Letters of Thomas Whation, 1773-1783. 

restored between you & us. I am at a loss to determine 
whether the Cotigress will advise the entering into a gen- 
eral non importation agreement immediately, or whether 
they will advise the waiting the issue of our application for 
redress, provided a final answer should be given within a 
few months; severe & disagreeable indeed are the circum- 
stances attending those measures and those who wish well to 
both countries lament the bad policy in Agitating this mat- 
ter ; however its generally thought that the principles of the 
Quebec law as its so abhorrent to the English constitution 
will tend to raise us friends with you especially if it should 
appear that our requests are not derogatory to your just 

I remain &c. — 

Thos Wharton. 
To Thomas Walpolk 

Philadelphia Sept 23'** 1774. 
Dear friend, 

It is truly very disagreeable to find with what determined 
obstinacy the crown lawyers have delayed their report on 
the papers establishing the Government of Vandalia. We 
think it impossible but that their conduct must be influ- 
enced by some secret atid weighty opposers or they would 
not thus long have kept us from the completion of so just a 
contract, but it has afforded the proprietors here the high- 
est satisfaction to peruse the just and spirited memorial you 
have presented to His Majesty. The weight of the person- 
ages who presented it, with the strong and pointed facts it 
contains will certainly effect what we wish, or drag into 
view the secret opposer to it, whence you will be enabled 
to determine with precission what steps next to pursue. 

As I am on the subject of Vandalia, I cannot omit to 
give thee a detail of a very singular annecdote which I yes- 
terday was favored with by Mr Henry one of the delegates 
from Virginia attending the Congress, he is a gentleman of 
the fairest character, an eminent lawyer, and man of ^eat 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1178-178$. 


abilities ; he called at ray house to breakfast with me, and 
we soon entered into conversation respecting the new Col- 
ony, as he was very desirous of knowing the general tenor 
of the Constitution I gave hiro, to which he said, that on 
those general and catholic principles there could not be the 
least doubt, but that it would settle at a most rapid rate; 
I told him it certainly would had not their Governor (X* 
Dunmore) taken up arms against the Indians, which created 
war between them and ua, and consequent!}^ drove the 
inhabitants from the new Colony, who were making very 
great improvements. He rephed, L^ Dunmore is your 
greatest friend, what he is doing will forever hereafter, 
secure the peace of your colony, by driving the Indians to 
an amazing distance from you; I opposed this by such 
arguments as occurred, and put some leading questions to 
discover if possible the real intentions of Dunmore for pros- 
ecuting this unjust war, and was happy enough to succeed; 
he replied that he was well acquainted with the secret 
springs of this affair, and knew it w^ould ultimately tend in 
the greatest happiness to the proprietors of Van*lalia. I then 
begged him to explain himself as we were really ignorant 
thereof; on which he said, that he was at Williamsburg 
with L^ D. when Dr Conolly first came there, that Conolly 
is a chatty, sensilde man, and informed L" Dunmore of the 
extreme richness of the lands which lay on both sides the 
Ohio; that the prohibitory orders which had been sent him 
relative to the land on the hither side (or Vandalia) had 
caused him to turn his thought to the opposite shore, and 
that as his Lordship was determined to settle his family 
in America he was really pursueing this war, in order to 
obtain by purchase or treaty from the natives a tract of ter- 
ritory on that side; he then told me that he was convinced 
from every authority that the law knew, that a purchase 
from the natives was as full and ample a title as could be 
obtained, that they had Lord Camden and Mr York's opin- 
ion on that head, which opinion with some others that L^ 
Dunmore had consulted, had with the knowledge Conolly 


Letters of Thomas WhaHon, 177S-I78S. 

bad given him of the quality of the country and hia dvu?r-^ 
mined resolutioii to settle hb family on this condDent, wer 
the real motives or aprmgs of the present erpeditian. This 
gentleman then aaked nie, if I knew where he c<juld huy 
soiDe Indian goods, I told hini wherc^ but sttid, its not pos- 
sible you mean to enter the Indian trade at this period. 
He laughingly said^the wish-world is my hobby horse, from 
whence I conclude, he has some prospect of making a pur*^ 
chase of the mitives^ but ^vhere I know not. It seems hi 
haA a survey on the Ohio, just below the Scioto ; he al«o 
eaidj tliat he with other lawyers had been cousulted on the 
right the crown had to make our grant, or it ^^*QB within 
the limits of Virginia their grant was, that the crown ha4l 
an undoubted right to grant the territory of Vandalia and 
that we should have no ojiposition he believed from Vir- 
ginia. I believe it will he best to keep this g^entleman\s 
name private^ lest this free communication slioiilcl injure 

The just and atlectionate sentiments thou art [ileantMl to\ 
expresfi both with respect to Great Brittain and her colonii^ 
affords me the most sensible satisfaction, and I am happy to 
find my sentiments on the propriety of an established d: 
constitutional union between bi>th countries, supported by 
the ^reat abilities of my wortliy friend, and I trust that the 
detenninations of this congress will meet the approbation 
of the good and wise among you. — 3y a rule established at 
the opening of the Congress, we canuot get copies of their 
proceedings, but my intimacy with the leading members of 
most of the colonies, giv^es me an opportunity in couversa- 
tion of knowing their daily results, and as they by a g^rand 
committee of 24 members, have for 10 days past been 
dijesting and framing the rights of American liberty bat 
having not yet reported it to the body of the Cougres, I can 
only say that so far as they have proceeded gives me eatits- 
faction, as they step along on principles founded in the Brit- 
tish rights ; and I do expect, that, before they break up, tliey 
will form the rights into a system, and present them to tbe 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1778-1788, 447 

King and parliament, supported by gentlemen named by 
thera, and perhaps confinned by each Assembly, these gen- 
tlemen will, I trust arrive with you before Christmas; this 
mode I find was anciently and successftilly practised by the 
Roman colonies. — Its strongly insisted on that we should 
immediately proceed to a total stoppage of trade with 
England, Ireland, and the West Indies, but its not possi- 
ble to say what will be the result of the Congress on that 
head, but I may venture to conclude it will be either the 
preceeding mode, or that of a total stoppage, should not 
American grievances be redressed within some limited time 
after the Continental delegates shall have presented their 
remonstrance ; the enclosed papers from the congress relative 
to the merchants delaying their orders for goods, will justify 
the above conjectures. 

I will just mention a word or two respecting Boston, it 
appears to us from every circumstance tluit the people con- 
duct themselves with great moderation and firmness, and 
the enclosed papers will full satisfy thee, that their Gov- 
ornor is in fear, and indeed well he may, considering he has 
undertaken to distroy their lilicrties* Its said he will not 
have above 2500 or 3000 troops with hioi to oppose amaz- 
ing numbers, I am well informed that within 3 days after 
the alarm raised by CoL Putnam there was 40,000 men in 
arms from Massachusetts and Connecticut colonies only. — 

Wlxat shall I say with respect to Gov Franklin ? he cer- 
tainly must be lost to every principle which his aged and 
honoured father has been for years supporting, and as it's 
said tlie sulietance of his letter toW" Stralian of May 21'' is 
written to others, it is become very much known in this 
citj% and in proportion thereto, his character is treated with 
great freedom, and it must be supposed that, as the minister 
will find both his and Hutchison's information not turn out 
true, Gov Franklin cannot receive any permanent advantage 
from thus imposing on them, and betraying the place of 
their nativity. 

The vessel staying longer than expected enabled me to 


Leilen of Thomas WhnHon, J77S-178S. 

add under the 28^" ihat yesterday the Congrc«a weot into 
the consideration of the propriety of a noDunpoHation from 
Great Brittait) and Ireland, when it was* agreed to utop all 
manner of imjwrts from those kingdoms until our grieT- 
ances are redressed, and I should imagine that aa ita tbej 
result of delegates from every province on the continent 
(Geurg-ia excepted who has always engaged to observe the I 
resolution of the body) that, there is tiiti utmost reaaoo la I 
believe it will be strictly adhered to. The newspapers I] 
iiave enclosed will give some general prospect of matter, 
but when and where things will terminate is beyaod my] 
sigiit to determine. I most ardently desire that the wellf 
wishers of both countries may be enabled to unite in such a 
manner, as to restore and preserve the peace and happiness 
which once subsisted* 

I remain witli great^t esteem & regard 
thy real friend 


Philad Sept 23. 1774. 
Dkar BKOTaaa, 

Thy several favors about the 23^ July by Capt All I had 
the aatiBfaction of receiving a few days past, with the Memo- j 
rial to the King Arc for all whicli I thank thee and as I am 
much engaged, and ahnot*t htnirly csdled upon hy some ot 
the delegates, it will hinder me of answering by this oppor- 
tunity the particular part** of thy several letters, and thou 
must take this as only Hying hints. I have now wrote our 
friend Thomas Walpole pretty fully which letter I doubt 
not he will freely communi<'ate to thee, the aiinecdote 
respecting L** Dunmore is I think curious and worthy of , 
your attention, tho' pcrhupn it may be best to keep the ^n- 
tleinana name from whom I got it a secret 

Tliat letter respecting (4. F. is truly a very extraordinary 
one, and as the suljstance of it has by other letters been 
brought to this place, tliat he wrote to W^Strahan is much 
known and talked of. It hm reached Qovornor Franklins 

Letters of Tlionias Wharton, 1773-1788. 


ears, who haa sent down here to know from whom such 
letters come, and I have seen one he has written to J* G, 
wherein he says, he has only %vTote a letter to Mr Strahan, 
and that it was a confidential letter not to he shown to any 
one, and refers to a more particular letter he had wrote to 
his Brother Bache for an explanation of his conduct, but I 
am not quite clear whether its in the letter to Bache or 
J. G. that he says the letter was entirely confidential, and 
that he had forbid Mr Strahan to shew it to any person 
whatever. He no doubt has done his business here, but 
certainly our friend Strahan wiW be obliged to justify him- 
self against the Gov** declaration that it was a confidential 
letter &c, — and may be under the necea^^ity of giving a copy 
thereof to exculpate himself from the publishing this letter; 
be that aa it may it affords a severe sting to the author, and 
I am assured that the Doctor has wrote his son about it, 
and do not know what be may say more than that Mr Stra- 
han had never shewn it to him, tho' he found it was very 
public. — 

We are very uneasy about thy absence, and the cruel 
disappointment thou has again witnessed, and cannot help 
concluding that some forcible cause hinders the Att^ General 
from reporting, and that stronger than his own sentiments ; 
the measure you have adopted of presenting a Memorial to 
the King, especially as its headed by such great men, it 
will undoubtedly bring into view your secret enemies or 
complete your contract: its here generally believed that 
Gage is and has been your fixed enemy, but I shuuld think 
it impossible that he could have sufficient weight there 
essentially to injure you. 

The very cruel and unjust attacks made by Rawle and 
Footman gives us great anxiety. I have shewni thy letter 
to several of the Trustees, and tliey declare it a shame, and 
as soon as this vessel is gone J Reynell & myself will go into 
the country to B. Rawle (where he now lives) and endeavor 
to get him to withdraw the action if not already done as he 
promised me on my first application ; I have been vnth W 
VOL. xxxnL — 29 

460 Lellers of Thomas Wkarion, 17 73-1783. 

Footman, who is much concerned at the affair, but said it 
was not in his power to help it; thej were greatly indebted 
to J, Samuel whose affairs were in the handa of assignees, 
and they declared they could get the money of thee and 
compelled liim to deliver the accounts. We shall I expect 
in 10 days luive a meeting of the Trustees to settle what 
money is in the hands of Abel James, atid to make a divi- 
dend thereof, when I shall not fail to lay before them the 
state of those matters, and to do every thing in my power 
for thy safety, but I have never had the least help from any 
of thy connections and therefore at times lays very heavy 
on me, but T am willing to do all I can for thee* 

I have the eatisfaetion to tell thee that by a letter I re- 
ceived from Thomas Richardson of the 15*** instant I find 
the Brig* Rogers was arrived and that they had got near 
one half the goods stored, but tj^at the packages w^ere so 
numerous, that it w^as with diffieiilty he could find sufficient 
stores for them, unless I should receive other orders from 
thee* — 

That part of my letter to T. Walpole relative L^ Dunmore 
will satisfy thee that the Indian goods must remain in store 
for some time, as we have as yet no certainty of peace. 

About a week since the Indian King Kayasuta was with 
me, and told me he had been as low as the Illinois in order 
to settle and preserve the friendship ot the Indians with us; 
he is now gone to Johnson Hall with belts from the nations, 
for order to holding of a grand treaty with the Indiana in 
the spring, at or near which time it may be best perhaj^ to 
present your gifts, and before which I sincerely pray tliy 
business may be effected and thyself arrived. 

It is wnth abundant pleasure that I received the copy of 
the note from L"* Chatham to thee, as it evinces us of the 
great connections thou hast formed. We have as yet no 
account of L* Pitts arrival at Quebec but whenever he 
approaches this city, I shall not fail to wsdt on him, and 
render hira all the services in my power, and I dare say 
that every true American will try to surpass his fellow 

Letters of Tkonuis WhaHon, 1 77 S-178S. 451 

country man in showing to the eon of the greatest patriot 
and friend to the liberty of both Brittain and her colonies, 
every possible mark of esteem & regard* 

The Congress yesterday agreed to an absolute and full 
nonimportation agreement from England, Scotland and Ire 
land to take place the iirst of December. In this measure 
the whole continent by their delegates have agreed unani- 
mouBly to continue until our grievanceB are redrefised. — 
I can only hint at matters as I am much pinched for time^ 
the principal part of Congress dining with rae this day. 
I remain thy aifec' Brother 

T- Wharton. 

Philadblpuia Decem^ 21, 1774- 

Dear Brother Samuel Wharton, 

I refer thee to my last of the 10"' per Capt Ward to 
London, yesterday the November packet arrived but to our 
mortification not a line was received from thee and had 
it not been for the kind letter from our friend Thonaas 
Walpole, we shonld have feared that something very dis- 
tressful bad attended you. 

This day the remains of Deborah Franklin the wife of 
our greatly esteemed friend B. Franklin will be interred, — 
She died on the 19^^ having lately been struck with a fit of 
the paleey, which deprived her of the use of her speech, 
tho* not of her senses. As the family will be distressed at 
this unexpected event, perhaps they may not write by this 
conveyance; it will be but kind and right for thee to con- 
vey this intelligence to our frieiich 

It seems to be the expectation of a number of our sen- 
sible fellow citizens, that tbis port as well as all the rest on 
this continent will be shut up. Indeed last night a report 
prevailed here that orders for that purpose were arrived to 
Gen'* Gage which caused our ufficea to be open very late 
last night, as the harbor is full of shipping, but what will be 
the issue time must tell us. As I pretty well know the 
disposition of the colonists, I fear the worst This days 

452 Letters of Thonia-'^ Wharlon, IIIS-ITSS. 

poet brought us an account, that one of the men of war 
from England destined for Boston was drove ashore in a 
snow storm as she was approaching the coast, and lis sap- 
poaed vn\\ be lost, I have the clearest account from Boston 
that the people of property are doing every thing in their 
power to keep things from coming to extremity, and, as 
for the laboring poor, they have not known such plenty 
of money among them for many years, which is occasioned 
by the sums daily spent by the Army & Navy. 
I remain thy affec' Brother 

Thos. Wharton. 

Philadelphia, January 18, 1775. 
Bbar fkiknb, 

I have the satisfaction of receiving thy favor of the — 
last, accompanying the books for our Hospital all of which 
were received in good order, except that on examining 
them we found you had omitted sending one which the 
invoke mentions, and if I mistake not about 4/ value. 

I should by this conveyance have forwarded thee a certifi- 
cate under the seal of our corporation, but thy leaving the 
donation to my judgment, and it rather appearing from the 
face of thy letter, that thou supposed it to be an annual con- 
tribution, I was totally at a loss to conclude what sum 
might be agreeable, I would just mention that by the con- 
stitution of our hospital all persons contributing jGlO^ and 
upwards, are entitled to all the privileges and immunitiea 
thereof. I assure thee great have been the advantages 
which English seamen & others have received from this 
institution without fee or reward. So sensible of its im- 
portance have been D* Barklay and a number of others of 
thy fellow citizens that they have contributed £100 sterling 
each to this charity. I shall therefore wait thy further direc- 
tions on this head. The enclosed letter from Ed Biddle 
will satisfy thee that I have not been un mindly of that part 
of thy interest, & I expect it will not be long before I shall 
receive it. 

Letters of Thomns WhaHon, 177S-178S. 453 

By some of the English papers I had the particular satis- 
faction to find that the public had called upon my friend 
Strahan to afibrd his assistance in the public cause, and as 
I have no doubt that the exertion of thy extensive abilities 
will be greatly useful to the parent State so I entreat thee 
to turn thy attention to her children, to believe that the 
good people of this continent do not wish a separation 
from you, but their most ardent desires are for the restora- 
tion and continuance of that harmony which a few years 
since subsisted between you and us. A difference in our 
local circumstances there certainly is and if a plan can now 
be proposed by the wisdom of parliament to call forth in 
cases of emergency the strength ot the whole body or 
empire, preserving the freedom of its respective parts it 
will give a vast minority on the Continent the most com- 
prehensive joy. 

Thos. Wharton. 

T. Walpole. 

(To be continued.) 

454 Oemral Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 



(Continued from page 278.) 

Head Quarters June 6''' 1777 

Major Gen* for tomorrow Lord Sterling 

Brigadier Conway 

Field 0fii<!er8 Col* E. Stephens & Un]' Taliaferro 
Brig* Major Smith* 

Geii^ Lincolna division is to furnish the Guards for the 
Quibble Town k Lincolna pasa (or mount pleasant) and to 
be excused from furnishing men for the other Guards and 
as it would be inconvenient for the Gen* field Officers ot 
the Day for the line to visit these Guards, Gen* Lincohi and 
his Officers are excused from doing duty by rotation with 
the other divisions of the Army, Getf LiDColn is to estab- 
lish a grand parade for hia division to assemble his Guards 
at, & appoint Field Officers to visit the Guards by day and 

lie is to send a daily report of all extraordinary Occur* 
ences in his division to the Major Gen^ of the day, 

AVTien Quarter Masters or Commissaries are guilty of a 
neglect or breach of duty if they are attached to the 
Brigades a report to be naade to the Brigadier — who is to 
order a Court of inquiry & report the proceedings if the 
charge is supported to the Maj' Gen' of the day, if they are 
not so attached the complaint to be lodg'd with the Maj' 
Gen^ of the division who will order a Court of inquiry and 
receive a report of their Proceedings. The report in both 
Cajses to be submitted to the Com' in Chief who will take 
care that all offenders do not go unpunished, Regm* Q^ 

Oeneral MtMefiberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 455 

fafitere not included in these orders who are subject to the 
same rules with the other Regm* Officers. The morning 
Gun at day break to be a signal for the Re veil e and the 
Evening Gun at Sun set a signal for the retreat The 
Ortioera of the Q' Guards are to March immediately after 
beating in each Reg** in the order heretofore prescribed. 
M' Hezekiah Stoakes by recommendation of the field 
Officers of the 8*** Virg* Reg* is appointed Paymaster thereof. 
A fatigue party of 100 Men with a Proportion of Offi- 
cers to parade tomorrow morning at 6 o'clock at the Q' 
M. Gen' Quarters to take their orders from Maj' Gen* 

Maj' Gen' Greenes division to practice by actual firing 
tins afternoon at 4 o'clock, in this and all like cases, before 
the men begin to fire their Arms to be critically examined 
by the Officers to see that they are not loaded with Ball, 
also attention to be paid to their liaving their Cat ridges so 
disposed as to be in no danger through hurry of their mak- 
ing up of their Catridges charg'd with Ball instead of the 
others. Accidents will be imputed to the earleasness of the 
Officers and they made to account for it. Lieut. Myers 
tried by a Court Martial of the 3'^ Instant for behaving in 
a scandalous & infamous Manner unworthy of the Character 
of an Officer & Gent* in Getting drunk and abusing the 
Col* A the rest of the Officers of the Reg* he belongs to & 
acquitted. The Comm' in Chief is sorry he is obliged to 
descent from the sentence but as he cannot conceive from 
the face of the evidence what reason could influence the ac- 
quittal, he is under the disagreable necessity of desiring a 
reconsideration of the matter. 

G. 0, Hbab Quabtkrs June 7** 1777 

Maj' Gen' for tomorrow Stephens 
Brig' for the day tomorrow Maxwell 
F* Officers Col* Spencer & May Nicholas 
Brigade Major Wetherspoon, 

466 Oeneral Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

Am the Army ie now on a permatient k honble footing A: 
aa the Geti* hm the Credit of it verj much at heart, he ex- 
pects that every Officer on whom the importance of thia 
Conteet and a regard to his own honour or duty are aoffi- 
ciently irapresfi'd will lend their aid to support the character 
of \L To this end nothing can be more effectual than a 
cloee attention to diecipline & subordination and particularly 
in an exact obedience to G. O. which is the Life of an 

Officers should consider that a repetition of orders ia tlie 
highest reflection on those who are the Causes of it. An 
orderly Book is a record in the hands of thousands of the 
transactions of the Army and conse(|uently the disgrace at 
those whose insenaibility of the obligations they are under 
and want of a manly emulation of temper oblige the 
Comm' in Chief to publish their misconduct by repeating 
his calls upon them to discharge their duty. The Gen* a|>- 
peals to the understanding of every Officer and eameatljr 
recommends to serious Consideration of these matters* 
Their engagement vrith the Publick their own honour ft 
Salvation of their Country demand it. The Gen' wishea it 
on these ace** and for their own ease and satisfaction, for as 
nothing is more easy to conduct an Army, where a chear- 
hil t ready Obedience is paid to every order, so nothing is 
more difficult and embarrassing where a careless licentious 
k disorderly Spirit prevails. This much is said to lead 
Gent" into a proper train of thinking on the subject & to 
engage their Judgment k feelings on the side of their duty. 
But it is at the same time necessary to subjoin that punish* 
ment k disgrace will attend those who will not be influenced 
by more honble meana. 

Cap** should make it a point that every order respecting 
their Comp^ is complied with, Col** should do the same in 
their Reg**^ Brig" in their Brigades, Maj' Gen'* in their Di- 
visions. No officer should implicitly trust to another, but 
each perform his own Part, A see that those under him do 
theirs, this being the case every thing would go on smoothly 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 457 

& well, bat while the Contrary is practiced, and every Officer 
is glad to throw the irkaorae drudgery of obedience upon 
his inferior, nothing but disorder and ruin can ensue. No 
Officer to be absent from Camp without a Furlough from 
hifi Brig' nor in that cade for more than ten days at a time. 
The Adj* Gen* will furnish each Brig' applying with printed 
furloughs for the purpose which alone are to be used. De- 
serters are to be immediately sent to the Maj' Gen' of the 
Day, the person conducting tliem not to permit them to 
stop any where, to answer any Questions shall be made 

The Comra' in Chief approves the following sentences 
of a Court Martial held the 4"* Ins^ and Orders their im- 
mediate execution, the Prisoners mentioned in the above 
as well as in former orders who are Yet in the guard house 
to be taken out by their Respective Reg** and receive their 
punishment on the Brigade Parade. 

An orderly Serg* from each Brigade to attend at the 
Gen'* Quarters they are to bring their provision with them. 

D. 0, The Brig* Majo?*^^ make a weekly return to the 
Gen* the same time they do to the Adj* Gen'. M^ Brown 
being assign'd Commissary to this Division the different 
Reg** will draw their Provision from him accordingly. A 
corporal and 6 Privates to be furnished from the two 
Brigades daily for the Commissary's Guard, one day by 
Gen' Muhlen burghs next by Gen- Weedons. 

After Orders. 

Three men from each of the following Brigades Viz 
Maxwells, Muhlenburghs, Weedons, Woodfords, Scotts 
A Conways, to parade tomorrow at Guard Mounting at 
the Q. M. G.' as a guard for the Commiss''* Cattle, the 
party to be commanded by a Subaltern Officer and re- 
lieved daily till further orders, the Officers to be fiir- 
nished in rotation from th« different Brigades begining 
with Maxwells. 

458 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

Hbab Quarters Jane 8**" 1777- 

Maj* General for tomorrow . , , Green 

Brig* Muhlenburgh 

Field Officers Col* Ogden L' Col" Seayere 

Brig* Major Piers 

Guards and Fatigue as Yesterday. 

By intelligence from different Quarters there is much 
reason to believe the enemy are on the eve of some im- 
p^tant Opperation. This makes it absolutely necessary 
that the whole Army should hold themseWes in readiness to 
move at a moments warning and for that purpose they are 
to be always furnished with three days Provision ready 
cook'd. Officer to take care the men cary tlieir own 
packs and to suffer none but invalids to put their arms or 
packs into the Waggon, the Q. M. G, to settle with the 
Brigadiers the proper allowance of Waggons for their re- 
spective Brigades and to furnish them or make up any De- 
ficiency immediately. All arms delivered out of the Public 
Store or purchased by Ofiicei's for the use of the Continent, 
to be branded without loss of time agreable to former orders^ 
for the future none but printed Furloughs to be given to 
Soldiers, any Soldier absent from his Corps, with only a 
written furlough, will be taken up, his furlough deem'd a 
forgery this to be advertised in the Public papers of each 
State. A return to be made tomorrow of the Captains in 
each Brigade specif}ing where they are. 

G. 0. 

Camp at Middls Brooke June 9* 1777 

Parole Newcastle Countersign 

Maj* Gen' for tomorrow . . . Sterling 

Brigadier • . , Weedon 

Field Officers CoP Lewis & L' CoP Dehart 
Brigade Major Day 

The Comm' in Chief approves the following Sentences 
At a Gen' Court Martial held the 6* Ins* and orders 

Oeneml Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777- 459 

them to be put in Execution Immediately, taken out of the 
Guard House & punished on the Brig* Parade to which 
they belong Viz* Wiir :N'ichol8on of the W^ Virg* Reg* 
charged with desertion to receive 25 Lashes. Abraham 
Still of the IS**" Virg* Reg* eharg'd with desertion tci receive 
25 Lashes. John King of the 1* Jersey Reg* charged with 
desertion to receive 50 Liishes, Tho' Banks of the 15"* Virg* 
Reg' eharg'd with desertion to receive 20 Lashes. Anthony 
Pftyne of the 15* Virg* Reg' eharg'd with desertion to re- 
ceive 20 Lashes. John Lowry of the 9"* Virg* Reg* charged 
with Damning the General and his orders to receive 50 
liAsh^. James Daughty of the 3*^ New Jersey Reg* eharg'd 
with desertion to receive 100 Lashes. Dan^ Hayley of the 
3'* New Jersey Reg* chargM with deserting from his Reg* 
and Inlisting into the 10"* Pensilv* Reg* to receive 25 

Sara* Allison of the S^ Virg* Reg* eharg'd with deserting 
from his Reg* & Enlisting into the 10*^ Pensilv* Regt* to re- 
ceive 20 Lashes. John Bybricker of the German Battalion 
charged with desertion & inlisting in another Reg* the sen- 
tence postponed for further evidence. 

The duty of the Maj' Gen* to begin at the mounting ot 
the Guards and to end at ttie same time next day. The 
Comm* Officer of each Corps, to keep an Ammunition Ace* 
with their Men & make them pay for all that is wantingly 
wasted. Cap** of Companies to keep a List of their Mens 
Clothes and have them carefully exam'' every Saturday. A 
Soldier shall not presume to sell any part of his Clothes 
upon any pretence whatever. The Prisoners under sentence 
of death to prepare for Execution tomorrow at 12 o'clock. 
The whole array except Gen' Lincolns Division is to he as- 
sembled for this purpose near the Artillery Park. The 
Criminals is to be attended with such Chaplains sis they 

As there is plenty of French and common Sallid, Lambs 
Quarter & Water Creeses growing about Camp, and as 
these Vegetables are very conducive to health, and to pre- 

460 Oeneml Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

vent the ecurvy and all putrid disorders^ tlie Gen' reo- 
ommendB to the Soldiers, the constant use of them, bm 
they make an agreeable Sallid ^ have the moet Selectary 

The Regm^ Officer of the day to send to gather them 
every morning & have them didtributed among the Men* 
A Detachm* of 3 Cap*', 6 Sub. 6 Serg" & 150 men to 
parade this afternoon at 5 o'clock at the Artillery park 
with three days Provision, to be commanded by Maj' 
Wiltner who will receive hie orders from Brigadier Gen* 

Camp at Middle Beookb, June 9*^ 
After Orders. 

One field Officer 4 Cap*" & Subalterns & 200 Privates 
from Gen* Stevens division to parade immediately with 
their arms &c' and march to Steels Gap to Execute a Piece 
of work, the Coram^ Officer will send to the Q, M, G. for 
200 Axes, One Cap' 2 Sub, & 50 Privates from each Gen' 
Mughlenburghs i Weedons Brigade to parade for the same 
purpose and march with axes to the same place. 

G. 0. Uead Quarters Middle Brook June lO^** 1777 

Parole Oakhampton Cbuntersiffn 

May Gen^ for tomorrow • • . . Stephen 
Brigadier ,.,,,,.. Woodson 
Field Officers Col°Payton, & Maj' Richardson 
Brigade Maj' Johnson 

Such Reg" as have not already drawn Tomhawks, are 
Immediately to provide themselves with at least one or 
two to a Mess, The Q. M, G. is to charge those to the 
Reg* and each mess to be charged with what is delivered 
to it that they may return them when call'd for, or pay for 
them at least* The Q^ M. G. is to furnish each Brig* with 
an aaaortment of entrenching tools which are always to 
accompany the Brig* under the care of the Brig* Q. M* and 

Genei'al Mvhlenherg's Orderly Book, i777. 461 

to be delivered to the order of the Brigade as occasion may 
|wquire» The tools already delivered to the Reg^ are to be 
ccounted for, the Comm* Officer of every Corps is to keep 
^an exact aceo* of all the arms ree'd and delivered for the 
use of it as there will be a carefxal enquiry into the matter 
and a satisfactory acco* expected from them. The move- 
r mentB of this Army either for offensive or defensive meas- 
pures will be sudden whenever they happen consequently no 
time can be allowed to draw or Cook provision it may not 
be amiBS therefore to remind the Officers of the necessity 
of having the men provided agreable to the order of 8*** 
Ins*, and the Commissary is desired if possible to furnish 
Biscuits and salt provision for this purpose which tlie men 
may keep by them, and continue to draw their usual allow- 
ance, it has been so pressingly recommended to the Officers 
to have no unnecessary baggage with them, Though it is 
hoped the Army is entirely unencumbered with it, but if 
the case should be otherways the Gen^ desires that the 
Brigadiers will have it immediately moved, the Adj' Gen* 
will direct to what place after this notice. Officers are not 
to be supprised if heavy Boxes, great Bedsteads &c are left 
in the field, a very small Escort from the whole line will be 
neceesary to guard the Baggage sent of persuant to tliia 
order to be composed of the most indifferent, but under 
the care of a careful Officer. The Gen' is informed that 
Complain* are made by the inhabitants nearest to the Ene- 
mies lines of Soldiers taking away their horses and other 
property, and that in many instances they are countenanced 
by the Officers under the idea of the Inhabitants being 
Tories. The Gen* expressly orders a stop to be put to 
these proceedings, or those who are convicted of them will 
be brought to Exemplary punishment 

Such Inhabitants as are proper objects of Punishment 
will be dealt with in a Legal way, But no Officer or Soldier 
is to judge for himself and appropriate their property to 
their own use, or to seize it without proper orders. The 
Comm' in Chief approves the following aentencee of a 

Urf$ Orderly Booh, J777. 

MarUal held the 7* Ina* of which Col* Tho* Marahdl 
of the 8^ Virg* Reg* wa0 Preeid', liea* Keely of the 8* 
Virg* Reg* charged with disobedience of orders, and abeent- 
ing hiiuself 3 montlis beyond the tiiiio allowed him to jcria 
hie Reg* found not Guilty of being absent fram his Reg* 3 
luunths beyond the time allowed him but Guilty of disobe- 
dience of orders, sentenced to be discharg'M the aervioe, 
Lieut. Tally RoberUon of the 4 Virg* Reg* charged with 
abeenting himself from his Reg" without leave to be di^ 
charged from the service and to forfeit his pay from the \mi 
till he join'd his Reg* again, Lieut Ford of the 4*^ Virg* 
Reg' eharg'd with disobedience of orders, in the instance 
of firing a Gun without permission in Caiiip^ sentenced Co 
Receive a Repremniui from the Comm* of the Reg* in the 
presence of the Othcers of the same. John Smith of the 
7'** Pensilv* Reg' formerly the 6'** cbargM i^rith inlisting into 
the 9'*" Pensilv* Rog* witliout a discharge from the 7* sen- 
tenced to receive 20 Lashes on his bare back and the 
bounty of 20 Dollars which he received of the 9* PeasUv* 
to be stopped out of his pay. Peter Bumey of the 8** 
Jersey charged with Desertion, sentenced to be disohiu-g'd, 
Will*" Shaddock of the 9*** Pensilv* tryed by the same Court 
Martial 2^** June for Desertion omitted in former order sen- 
tenced to receive 20 Lashes on his Bare Back the picquat 
Guard to assemble in the rear of the Artillery Park at 
Guard Mounting, this place to be Considered as the Grand 
Parade till further orders. The Comm' in Chief orders 
that the Baggage and Camp Equipage of the airhole 
Army except the Tenta which are not to be struck until 
further orders be loaded this Evening and every thing in 
Readiness to move at a moments warning, the troops to 
be supplied uith Provision agreuble to the order of the 
8*** Ins*. The Q' M. G. Coraraissary Gen' k Commissary 
of Stores to see that every thing in their Respective de- 
partments be in moving order, all Horses to be fixed to 
their Waggons. 

Oeneral Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 463 

Head Quartkrb June 11*^ 1777. 
Parole Petersborough C, S. Plimouth Pumption 

Maj' Gen' for the day tomorrow , , Qrant 

Brig' Scott 

Field Officers Col" Martin & L^ Col* Nelson 
Brig* Major Farling 

The Commissary Gen' to deliver no Rum for Guard or 
fatigue Service but in the following raanner a Gill per man 
for all out Guards and Picquets the order for it to come 
from the Brig' of the Day, the same allowance for all fatigue 
Parties either from the Line, division & Brigade, the order 
of it to come in the first Instance from the Maj^ Gen^ of the 
Day, in the second from the Maj' Geu^ of the Division in 
the third from the Brigadier of the Brigade. All Detach- 
mentB and Scouting Parties to have a Gill per man for 
every Night they are out, the Maj' Gen* of the Day to give 
the order for it. A Gill a day to all fatigue Parties in the 
Commissary or Q' M G* Department, no other Guard or 
fatigue to have any allowance of Ram, the Rum for Guards 
not to be issued till the duty is over, all Stroling or sus- 
pected Persons taken up to be brought before the Maj' Gen' 
of the Day. All Guards or detachments going towards tlie 
Enemy or coming from them to march in the same order 
as if they expected an Attack for the purpose the Officers 
to be at their proper posts and the men to march with 
Regularly advanced k Rear Guards to be sent out in pro- 
portion to the strength of the party and at a greater or less 
Distance according to the Nature of the Ground as in ad- 
vancing towards an Enemy or coming from them there is 
always danger of surjirise St attack. Precaution should be 
always taken to be prepared for them, and were not the 
case good habits Will be introduced by acting in this 
manner when there is little or no occasion which will be of 
service when there is, and both Officers and Men will be 
taught their Duty. All Stroling Sutlers immediately to quit 
the Camp or their Liquors Ac' will be taken from them and 

464 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

diatribiited among the Soldiere, without any compeneation. 
Each Brig' to notify them about hie encampment with this 

Gen^ Lincohi has Liberty to clear the loaded pieces of 
his Division by Discharging them thia evening at Retreats 
All Regem' Paymasters are to attend the Paymaster Gen' on 
Friday at 10 o'clock at his Quarters Col* De la Levere is ap- 
pointed to the Comm** of the Corps under the Coram* of 
Maj' Olleiidorf. The Comm*^ Officer of each Corps is to re* 
port every deserter from it immediately to his Brig' who is 
to pursue tlie Meet Vigorous meaRures for Apprehending 
them and is to give an Acco* of the matter to the Maj' Gen' 
of the day who is to draw the whole in his report of occur- 
ences to the Comm' in Chief, strict attention will be paid to 
this order. The order some time ago issued at Morris 
Town forbidding waggoners to Gallop and strain their 
Horses is little attended to. The Q. M» G. will therefore 
inform those people of the consequence of disobedience. 

Tlie Brigade Maj" Are to meet the Adj* Gen" at 6 o'clock 
this afternoon at his Tent, the Guard for the Commissary's 
Cattle ia to be furnished in rotation by the different Bri* 
gades and to be relieved every 3 days, Gen* Mnhlenbnrghs 
Brig^ will furnish it to-day the men to carry 3 days Froviaion 
w"* them. 

B. 0. 

June ir 1777. 

The Q' Masters of the difterent Reg** belonging to th© 
Brigade are to make returns immediately to Gen^ Muhlen- 
burgh of the Entrenching tools each Reg* have been fur- 
nished witli by the Q» M, G, 

Tlie Commanding Officers of the different Reg" are to 
see that their men are provided with the Number of Tom- 
hawks mentioned in Gen' orders of Yesterday if there is a 
difficiency they must immediately draw on the Q. M. G. for 
the number wanting. 

The Officers Commanding Companys' are to send out 
two or three men every morning to gather greens within 

General Muhlenberg^a Orderly Book, 1777, 465 

the LimitB of the Camp which are to be equally Distributed 
among the Company the Commanders of the Reg** are to 
8e« this order is strictly complied with. 

If there be any Strolling Sutlers with the Brigade the 
Adjutants are to give them notice to depart immediately on 
pain of having their Liquors taken from them. 

The following Gent" Viz* Elisha White, Sam Hogg, 
Marks Vanduval, Ballard Smith, Jk Sam' Seldon, are ap- 
pointed to act as second Lieu** also David Allen *& Will* 
Cocke Ensigns in the 1" Virg* Reg* till the pleasure of his 
Excellency is known, 


Peter Mcjhlenburgh B. G. 

Head Quarters Middle Brooke June 12**' 1777 
Parole Cvunlersign 

Maj' Gen' of the Day tomorrow • . Sterling 

Brigadier • , • . Conway 

Field Officers Col" Bowman Lt. Col" Tarker 
Brig' Major ....,• Wetherspoon 

The Gen* thinks it necessary to establish the following 
(regulations for Guards and hopes that Officers will consider 
them as the Rule of Practice and make themselves well 
acquainted with thera, when any Guard arrives at the Post 
^assign^d it the Officers first care must be to plant his Sen- 
tries properly according to Circumstances, the Guard should 
remain under arms while this is doing, and if it be at an out 
post or any where near the Enemies Camps Temperary Sen- 
tries should be placed at a small distance to prevent surprize, 
while the Commis* Officer Reconnoiters the situation of the 
Post to know where his Sentries should be placM for a con- 
tinuance this is to be done in case the Ground has not be- 
fore been Examined and Particular directions given about 
the niatter, or in case he does not relieve some other Guard, 
but if he relieves another he is to receive all the orders 
given to the Officer of the guard in writing, which together 
VOL. xxxiii. — 30 

466 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 

with those he may have rec*d from the Brig' k Field Offi- 
cers of the day, he id punctually to observe if any difference 
between them arise he is to obey the latter in preference, 
he is immediately to send a party under a trusty Officer 
conducted by an Officer of the old Guard to relieve tlie 
Sentriee thereof who are to return to the Guard they belong 
to^ if the guard be of such a Nature as that other matters 
than the security of the Poet are intrusted to it, tliey must 
be Continued in a written Report, and the Officer of the 
new accompanied by an Officer of the old must be sent to 
them in charge, comparing the things themselves with the 
report, and seeing that all is right the sentriee of the old 
Guard having joined it, the Officer to march it back to the 
Parade, from whence it came with the greatest order and 
Decorum and thence send of the Detachments composing 
it under an Officer to each to join their Corps preserving 
Regularity on the way, after placing hie Sentries the Officer 
of the new Guard is to make the men lodge their arms first 
giving them the orders necessary to govern their conduct^ 
care must be taken to lodge their arms in such a manner, 
that each man may have a recourse to his own in a moment 
without Bustle or Confusion in most cases it is best the 
arms were grounded on the grand Parade during the day 
no man is to put of his accountrinients on any pretence, 
this done the Comra* Officer attended by a couple of men 
is to visit all his Sentries to see that they are posted right 
and instruct them in the line of their duty, Ins next care 
is to take such precaution for the security of his Post, by 
forming Abbitus, digging Diches, raising parapits as Cir- 
cumstances require to guard again surprise, or repel any 
sudden attempt he should make himself acquainted not 
only with all the Great Roads leading to the enemy or to 
the Army he belongs to, but he should search out every 
bye path and Aveime by which he may the more sccurly 
send his parties to Reeonnoiture the Enemy or make his 
retreat good in any Emergency. 

He should have scouting Parties all day and Patroles all 

General Mvhlenherg's Orderly Booh, J 777. 467 

Night going toward the enemy in his rear and upon his 
flanks to gain Intelligence of their Motions and timely 
notice of any attempt they may be making if this notice 
can be given without firing it will be best if not it must be 
done by firing the Scouts k Patroles retreating by way 
of the Sentries to alarm them. Visiting rounds should 
be going all night to see that the Sentries are at their 
Post alert & acquainted mth every particular of their Duty, 
The break of day being the most favorable time for an 
attack or surprises, a Good Officer will be careful to turn 
out his Guards under Arms till an hour after sun rise and 
to have his visiting rounds and Patroles going then more 
than ordinary from watching through the Camp, men 
towards morning grow drowsy, numb and Listless and are 
the more liable to a surprise, an Officers reputation calls on 
him to Guard against this evil, a guard is bound to main- 
tain their Post as long as possible, but if likely to be over- 
powered with numbers it is at least to make Skirmishing 
retreat firing all the way it goes to give the alarm and 
taking advantage of every defile, Morass wood or advan- 
tageous post it can find to delay the enemy, if the enemy 
do not pursue but retreat atYer having dislodged the Guard 
it is to resume its post, first taking measures to be sure all 
is safe, if two Guards are so placed as to have the same 
object in view and depend upon each other they must be 
attentive to everything that befalls one another, and act in 
concert if either is attacked the other must not only put 
itself in a posture of defence but must keep Patroles con- 
tinually going to bring intelligence of what is doing if the 
one attack'd retreats the other must retreat also, if it re- 
turns the other must return also, these things depend on 
circumstances and the order of the Brigad^ and Field Officers 
of the day, any Parties of whatsoever kind, coming towards 
an out Guard, are to be stopp'd by the out Sentry's and no- 
tice given to the Guards which is in most cases to be turn'd 
out and the Officer in most cases to send a proper person to 
examine such party and give his orders accordingly. 

46S Oenercd Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777* 

All flaggs to be stopp'd at the out Sentries, the Officer ot 
the Guard to meet them there and know their business, if 
they are charged with Letters or any other matters that can 
be communicated to him he is to receive and transmit them 
to the Maj' Gen' of the day^ otherways the flag must wait 
till information can be sent to the said Maj' Gen^ of the day 
and his orders received. Ko Officer or Soldier to sleep a 
single moment on Guard, no cooking to go on while on 
Guard, the men must either carry their Provisions ready 
dress'd, or have them sent to them, the former preferable, 
no man presume to be out of call without permission from 
the Officer who is not to suffer more than two to be absent 
at a time, nor them at the out posts, iu Case of desertion 
from the out posts the Officer from whose party it happeus, 
immediately to change the Countersign advertising the 
other out Guards of it who are to conform thereto, he is 
also to send in instantly and acquaint tlie Brig" of the day 
of it, all Guards to turn out to the Brig' & Field Officers of 
the day, and except tlie out Guards to all Gen* Officers, 
paying them the Honour due to them according to their 
rank and the usuage of war, the out Guards to turn out to 
the Brig' and Field Officers only. The honour of the 
drum never to be paid by them, all Guards to turn out to 
receive the Grand rounds, the Officer of each to prepare an 
evening report for the Officers of the rounds, all Guards at 
a time when releived to make a report of every occurence 
that may have happened to one of his Field Officers of the 
day, who is to attend at or near the Guard Parade to receive 
it when the Guard returns, arms after this whet weather to 
be carefully inspected and put in the best order possible for 

After Orders* 

The Brigade Commissarys are to receive their orders 
from the Commissary Gen' this afternoon respecting the 
mode of supplying their respective Brigade in case of a 
sudden move, the Assis* Q' Masters are to do the same with 
CoP Biddle that no Complaint or Confusion may arise on a 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 469 

raarcli. loatead of delivering spare Ammuuirion to each 
Brigade, Gen' Knox will famish the divisions with it in 
order to lessen the number of Carriages and Conveying it 
more securely, if the Q' Master Gen* could furnish each 
Brigade with a proper number of Scythes for foraging the 
Horses, might be better Provided for* 

G. 0. Head Quarters Middle Brook 

13"* June 1777. 

Parole Countersign 

Maj' Gen* for tomorrow Stephen 

Brigadier Maxwell 

Field Officers Col* Barron Shends k Maj' Morrell 

Brig* Major Swaine, 

At a Gen* Court Martial held the 9'^* Ins' whereof Col* 
Marshal was president, Cap' Jesse Rowe %vaB tried for in- 
sulting and ill treating M' Caleugh Conducter of Waggons 
upon Uie March from Morris Town acquitted and Justified 
by the Court, the Gen* approves the sentence of the same 
and orders Cap' Rowe to be releived from arrest with 
Honour, he also approves the sentence of the same Court 
Martial held the 12* Ins' before which Alex'' Brandon ot 
the 1" Pensilv* was tryed for horse stealing and Acquitted, 
the Prisoner to be immediately released from Confinement 
different modes of Promotion having prevailed in the Army 
productive of confusion and discontent the Comm' in Chief 
thinks it necessary to establish the following Gen* rule to 
prevent all further disputes and inconveniences on this 
head, all Comm^ Officers to rise Re^mentally and accord- 
ing to seniority till they arrive to the rank of Cap' and from 
that in the line of the state they belong to by Seniority also 
till they attain the Rank of Col" this rule however to admit 
of exceptions where particular Officers Signalize themselves 
by a Conduct of Extraordinary Spirit, or where others 
prove themselves unworthy of Preferment, by the want or 
neglect of Cultivating any Quallification Requisite to Con- 

470 OenercU Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

stitute the Good Officer, Ten men for the Purpose from 
each Brigade to Parade this Evening at 6 o'clock to Parade 
at Col* Bidd1e8 Quarters to form a Corapany of Pioneers he 
is to provide them with a sufficient number of Officers and 
mth every thing necessarj to Qualify them for doing their 
duty immediately in case of a march of the Army, they are 
to encamp near his Quarters the following men belonging 
to Cap' Ilallerts iadepemlent Camp^ hav* been sent to Camp 
some time ago, and anexed to same Corps* The Officer 
Comm* the Corp in which these or any of them are now 
doing duty is required to send a return of them to the 
Adj* Gen' tomorrow morning, 

Tho' Buckers, Sam* Brown, Joseph PittJe, Isaac Qreen^ 
Ch^ Ourr, Saban Cander, Wm* Caldwell, Joseph Codington 
& Wni. Thomae. 

His Excellency the Comm' in Chief directs that all Wag* 
gone with Officers baggage Commissary or Q' M. G. stores, 
be immediately ordered to the Waggon Park between head 
Quarters & the D'' Q. M. G. where they wnll be form'd in 
their order by taking up their line of March and receive 
their Listructions from Col" Mifflin. The Tent Poles and 
Camp Kettles to be loaded Seperately from the Baggage for 
which each Reg* is to receive waggons in Proportion to their 
Strength allomng a four horse Waggon to not less than one 
hundred and Twenty or more than one Hundred and Fifty 

The Waggons with intrenching tools and axes allated to 
each Division to remain with them. 

Camp at Middlebrook 14** June 177t 

I am Commanded by his Excellency the General to trans- 
mit the above order to you that it may be immediately 
Issued to Your Brigade 

Your 4c 

Clem^ Briddlb 

General MtMeiiberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 471 

Order of March, 
The whole Army to be under Arms at — o'clock. The 

tentB to be imniediately struck and the Waggons loaded, 
tho Reg** to be told off in Sub A; Grand Divisions and to 
march at half distance and Officere placed at their proper 
places. The Brig" at the head of their BrigadeB, the Maj' 
Gen' at the liead of their Divisions, the whole of the Army 
to be in readinese to March Exactly at the time appointed 
in this Position to wait the orders of the Maj' Gen* of the day 
that the whole may march together. The Vanguards to 
Consist of fifteen Light Dragoons and one Brigade of foot 
under the Comm'* of Brig' Gen^ Muhlenburgh to advance 
abo' 2J Miles in the front of the Army to march abo' an 
hour before the troops are ordered to be in readinees. 
Recounoiteriiig parties to be sent some distance in front 
and upon the flanks to Examine all the Roads and siie- 
pected places where ambnshes may be concealed. Tba 
Pioneers to march between the Light parties, in the front 
of the Vanguard & to make such repaira in the Bridges and 
Roads as are necessary to alFord a safe and easy passage to 
the Army, the Vanguard to take their Artillery with them 
and advance from the right l)y Subdi\n8ion8 Gen' Weedons 
Brig* First, Then Woodfords, Scotts, Haines, Dehurats, 
Conways & Maxwells. The Artillery annexed to the Bri- 
gades to march in the order that is now posted in the Line, 
Maxwells Brigade to form the Rear Guard a Quarter of the 
strength of which to march in the rear of the remainder 
abo* half a mile to pick np all Strolers. A Detaclinient 
of about 30 Dragoons to form a part of the rear guard. 
Col' Morgans Light Infantry to cover the left Hank of the 
Army Exclusive of which each Brigade to furnitih a party 
of 50 men properly officered to keep on the enenilM flanks 
*fc to be under the Coram'* of the Officer of the Day, the 
park of Artillery to march in the center of the reeeire or 
second Line. No Soldier during the march to leave his 
ranks to fetch water, But if necessity should oblige any to 
quit the Ranks they are obliged to leave their Arma with 

472 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777, 

the Battalion, A non Comm'* Officer to go with them to 
see they return to their Proper pla^e* Great attention 
must be paid in passing Difficult DetileSj that the men 
pass them briskly if necessary by files, and then form by 
Subdivisions as soon as the road will admit, the head of 
the Column to move slow after passing the defile until the 
rear has pas^'d it also, if it should be necessary to halt the 
troops to refresh the men, the Maj' Gen' leading the Column 
to fix upon a proper piece of ground, when the Battalions 
are drew up in the row of one another in the order they 
march, the arms and packs to be grounded and the rolls 
caird, the signal for marching to be a rufl' beat by the 
drummer of the 1" Battalion at the head of the Column 
from front to rear the packs to be taken up, and the arms 
Bhoulderd and the Kolls call'd the Battalion to march off in 
the order before nientioned the Officers always to march 
with the divisions allowing the men to ehitlt their arms from 
Shoulder to Shoulder to ease them, but keep the mnzzels 
up to prevent accidents, the Major Gen^ of the day will fix 
upon the ground to encamp in, the Q. M. G. with Regi- 
mental Q, Masters to mark out the Ground for each Brigade 
& Battalion, the Armj^ to encamp in two lines. Gen' 
Greens division on the Right, Lt. Sterlings on the left of 
the front Line. Gen' Stephens on the Right & Gen^ Lin- 
colns on the left of the 2"'^ Line, the Scouts to Reconnoitre 
3 miles round the Camp. The Brig' of the day to fix the 
places and post the out Guards, which are to be given by 
Brigades, instead of the Line, the park of Artillery to form 
in the center between the 1" & 2""^ Line each Reg* to be 
furnish'd with waggons according to their strength to carry 
their Tents, poles & camp Kettles, 1 Waggon and 4 Horses 
to be allowed for this purpose to not less than 120 or more 
than 150 men, all the other Regimental Waggons to go 
mill the Column of Equipage the Regim* w^omen to go 
with these waggons, the Waggons loaded with Tents to 
march in the rear of each Brigade to which they belong. 
Upon the approach of the Enemy on the march the Bag- 

Oeneral MiMenherg's Orderly Booh^ 1777. 473 

gage Waggons into the rear abo* 300 or 400 Yards their 
wait for farther orders, all the waggons of the Army except 
theee eoiployed in carrying the teota to Parade near the 
Q. M, G' Quarters to be formed into a Park in the follow 
manner, the Comm" in Chief form the front of the Column, 
the Adj* Gen' pay master Gen* & Muet^ M G* next in order, 
the Baggage of the divisionB in the order the Line marches, 
the Maj' Gen' in the front, the Brig^ in front of the baggage 
of each of their Brigade the Regimen* Waggons to have a 
Comm^ of a Serj* ^ 6 Pri^^ates these to be the least fit for 
duty in the Reg^ Each Brigade to appoint a Subaltern to 
comm'* all the Reg^ Guards, each Division to appoint a 
Cap' to escort the baggage of their division inchiding the 
Maj'' and Brig' Geo^ Baggage the Maj"* Gen' of the day to 
appoint a Commis' Officer to Comm'* the whole Guard for 
the Escort to the whole Column of Baggage. The Q. M. G, 
the Commissi Gen' of Military Stores & Commissi Gen* 
each to be furnished with a Subaltern Serj' & 20 Privates as 
a Guard from the line. The Hospital Department to be 
furnished with a Serj* and 15 Privates as a Guard from the 
Line, the Waggons of the Q. Mas'* Department to march 
next the Baggage, the Military Stores next, then the Pro- 
visions and the flying Hospital in the rear, if it marches 
in the same Column with the I>aggage this Column to bo 
under the direction of Co^ Mifflin to halt at such places as 
the Q, M. G. directs, No waggoner on any pretence to go 
out of the line or Rank to which he belongs or assigned 
him nor stop his Waggon to water his Horses unless the 
Comm* Officer of the Column gives orders for an halt, if 
any Waggon happens to break down on the march it must 
be moved out of the Line immediately. The Q. M. G. 
should have spare waggons to take the load of such broken 
waggons. Wherever the Waggons and Baggage of Stores 
halt they are to be drawn up in several lines in the rear of 
each other, in the order they march. No Waggoner to 
leave his Waggons or untacklc his Horses to be in readi- 
ness to receive the order of the Comm' Officer of the 


474 Oenerdl Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

Column, the Waggon Master must attend to the orders of 
the several divisions & pay due attention to the orders given 
by their Superiors, when the baggage Waggons of the 
army arrive at the Ground which the Q' M. G. has pre- 
viously directed they are to be drawn up in the following 
Order. !■* His Excell^ the Oomm' in Chief on the right of 
the whole, Then Gen* Greens Division, V Sterlings, Gten* 
Lincolns, G^n* Stephens. The Q' Master Gen\ the Com- 
missary of Military Stores. The Commissary Gen* & Hos- 
pital, taking care to leave proper intervals between each 
division where the Ground will admit of it, so that they 
may move off to the right or left without confusion. 
Should the Enemy March to the right instead of the left, 
this order of march to be Reversed. 

(To be continued.) 

Record of Servants and Apprentices, 475 ^^^H 


^M~^ AND 



^^H MAY 

21, 1773, 


^^^^B [Compiled from the ori^na! Record Book, in the 

Man 11 script Depart- ^^^^| 

^^^^^ ment of the Hi&toricul Society of Pentisylvani;!.] 


lAst of Immigrant Vessels. 


^^^F DaU, 

VeueTi A^a»w<. 



^^H May 12 

Brig Conuoly 


Dublin ^^H 


Biiow Brittanift 


Duhlin ^^^1 


Brig Matty 


Glasgow 89 ^^H 


Ship Pheiijx 


Bristol ^^H 


Brig. Dolphin 


London ^^^H 

^^^^L June 

Ship Sally 




Ship Eo«anna 


London ^^^| 


Ship Carolina 


London 29 ^^^H 


Ship Minerva 


Newry ^^^H 


Brig. Charlotte 


Newry ^^^H 


Brig Peggy 


Belfast ^^H 

^^H July 2 

Ship Jenny 


Londonderry 80 ^^^H 


Snow Charlotte 

Cap. Curtii 

Waterford 81 ^^H 


Brig, Agoea 

Cap. Living 

Belfast 86 ^^H 




New Caatle 53 ^^H 


Ship liettsey 

Cap. M'^Cytcheon 

Newry ^^H 


Snow Penn 

Cap. M-Caddon 


^^^m Aug. 2 

Ship Newry AMifltanca 


Newry ^^H 


Ship Jupiter 

Cap* Ewing 

Londonderry 128 ^^^H 


Ship Alex' 








Brig Sam 

Burro W8 

Liverpool 27 ^^^| 


Ship Sally 


Rotterdam 196 ^^^| 


Ship Caaar 


London 5 ^^^^| 

^^H 86p. 2 

Snow Sarah 


115 ^^H 


Snow Sally 

Stephen James 

London 90 ^^^H 


Ship Bea Galley 

Robert Hunter 

Ittle Lewis 295 ^^^H 


Brig Loniser 


Londonderry 46 ^^^H 


Ship R^ Penn 

T. All 

London ^^^H 


Record of Servants and Apprentices. 


Vt»eta Name. 






Ship Bofte 

Robert George 




Ship Pennsy* Packet Cap* Osborne 




Ship Catherine 

James Sutton 




Snow Peggy 

William Ha«tie 




Ship Brittania 

James Peter 




Ship Union 










December Stk 177S. 

Robert George Bon of Joseph, apprentice to James Dickinson 

of Philadelphia, 
Johan Casper Breadbaur last from Rotterdam, servant, to 

Jacob Barge, and by him assigned to Michael Swope of 

Sophia Hchlman [April \%^ 1772] assigned to John Snyder. 
John Dickeii son of Mary Ilerfordj apprentice to James 

Cooper of Philadelphia. 
Catherine Schoulyas last from Rotterdam ^ servant to Amos 

Wickersham of Philadelphia. 
Johan Adam Fink last from Rotterdam, servant to Philip 

Flick of Philadelphia. 
Johtmncs Romp last from Rotterdam, servant to Luke Mor- 
ris of Southwark. 
Elizabeth Prugd last from Rotterdam, servant to Christo- 
pher Sower jun' of Germantown. 
Henri/ Scaup ^ servant assigii'd by John Jones to Aquilla 

Jones of New Town Township. 
George W^ Baker last from Rotterdam, servant to Benjamin 

Shoemaker of PhilacP 
Johatmes Benner last from Rotterdam, servant to Henry 

Fancy of Providence Township, Philad' County. 
Maria Stifles last from Rotterdam, servant to John Test ot 

Woolwich Township. 
John Kerlack Cooper last from Rotterdam, servant to Peter 

Purkus of German Town, 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. 


Jac(}b Henri/ Hemp last from Rotterdam ^ servant to Charles 

Priora of Philad* 
Barbara EUer last from Rotterdam, servant to Joseph 

Lukeii of Whitemareh Townelup, 
Johan Philip Kaliwasser laat from Rotterdam servant to 

Patrick Gordon of New Providence Township. 
Carolina De Pool last from Rotterdam, servant to Joseph 
. Katghtu of New Town Township. 
Jfi^ Zdkerins Longebin last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob 

Hinkle of Radnor Township 
Nic/toltjs Trautwine last from Rotterdam, servant to Charles 

Syng of Philad^ and by him assigned to serve George 

Hinkle of Earl Townsbip. 
Weifnand Rony laat from Rotterdam, servant to John Black- 
ledge of the Manor of Moroland, 
Levi Burke [Feb. SO**" 1771] assign^ to serve William Niles 

of Philad' 
George Kerchner last from Rotterdam, servant to Thomas 

Moore of Philad^ and by bim assigned to serve John 

Price of Lower Chichester. 
James Ycaten assigned by Cap* Seymour Flood to serve Ich- 

abod Wilkenson of Salisbury Township. 
Peter Schoulgas laat from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob Sny- 

der of Worcester Township. 
Maria Elizabeth Leyfer last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Rachel Graydone of Philad^ aiui by her assigned to serve 

Jennet Marks of Philad' 
Catherine Pep/her last from Rotterdam, servant to Rachel 

Graydon of Philad* 
Barbara Sex last from Rotterdam, servant to Theodore 

Meminger of Philad^ 
John Phillips ifdler last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Pierce of Concord Township, 
Murdoi*k Patterson redemptioner, by Cunningham Sample of 

Fawn Township. 
Michael M^Mannis redemptioner, servant to Cunnmgham 

Sample of Fawn Township. 

478 Record of Servanis and Apprentices. 

December 7ih, 

Henry Shuler last from Rotterdam ^ servant to George Cly- 

merE&q' of Philad' 
Anna Catherine Elgert last from Rotterdam, servant to 

George Clymer Esq' of Philad' 
Edmond 3P Daniel last from Liverpool, servant to John Cot- 

triDger of Philad' 
John George Knobioch last from Rotterdam, servant to Rich^ 

ard Wister of Philad' 
Thomas Hall apprentice of William Davis Cooper deced. 

afisigiied with consent of the said Thomas Hall by Charles 

Rish administrater, to John Hall of Wilmington. 
Daniel Cooper last from Rotterdam, servant to Martin Crider 

of the City of Phil* and assign'd by him to serve Milchor 

Shultz of Hereford, Bucks Co. 
Mary ^licklm with consent of her mother Mary bound an 

apprentice to John Druckenmiller and his wife Catherine- 
Yost Willhelm Osterdaugh last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Adam Frischbach* 
William Birch with consent of his Grand Mother Elizabeth 

Jackson boimd an apprentice to John Patterson of Philad* 

Maria Tomer last from Rotterdam, servant to Robert Baas 

of Philad^ 
John Sirautz son of Peter, apprentice to Jesse Row of 

Philad\ House Carpenter. 
Aima Elizf* Habaeh last from Rotterdam, servant to Law- 
rence Bast of the Northern Liberties. 
Christiana Tomer last from Rotterdam, servant to Joseph 

Moulder of Philad^ 
John Frei/month last from Rotterdam , servant to Christopher 

Myrtetus of Philad^ 
Arnold Peters last from Rotterdam, servant to John Dehuff 

of the Borough of Lancaster. 
Philip Hortman last from Rotterdam, servant to John Heck- 

iswillor of the Borough of Lancaster. 

Record of Servants and Apprentices, 179 

December S, 

Mis^ Catherine Helma7i [Nov. 5th 1771] assigned by Jacob 
Rote to serve John Fault of Vincent Township. 

Coll 3P Donald with consent of his mother Henrietta ap- 
prentice to Jacob Binder of Philadelphia — Taylor. 

Andreic Schoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Michael 
Bishop of Lower Millford Township. 

Conrad Sckoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Michael 
Bishop of Lower Millford Tovmship. 

Henry Sckoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Michael 
Bishop of Lower Millford Township. 

Mandetena Schoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Michael 
Bishop of Lower Millford Townsliip. 

Solenia Sweitza^ last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob Fries 
of Upper Alloways Creek. 

Catherine Elizabeth Elgert last from Rotterdam servant to 
John Wilcocks of Philad' 

Johan Martin Koentzin last from Rotterdam, servant to Ben- 
edict Dorsey of Philad' 

Martin Keylhauver last from Rotterdam, servant to Daniel 
Borhhard of Passyunk Town&hip. 

John Friizinger last from Rotterdam, servant to Henry Funk 
of Philad' and assigned by him to Jacob Miller of Bads* 
bury Township. 

Henry Tkms last from Rotterdam, servant to Andrew For- 
syth of Philad' 

ChriMiana Wilhelmina Tliicss last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Andrew Forsyth of Philad* 

Ernest Ftitzengcr and Mary Elizabeth his wife last from Rot- 
terdam, servants to Benjamin Shule Malbro' Township, 

December 9, 

John M^Kee [Nov. 23"^ 1771] under Lidenture of Servitude 
to Jonathan Pasehall now cancelled, servant to Hugh 
Torance of Neils Settlements, Rowan Co.,N. C. 

Mary Hymen [March 16^ 1773] last from Rotterdam, ser- 
vant to John Rub of Philad' 


teeord of Servants and Apprentices. 

Christian Rasor and Elizabeth his wife last froni Rotterdam, 
servants to Jacob Fries of upper Alloways Creek, Salem 
Co., West Jersey, 

John Holtz last from Rotterdam, servant to John William- 
son of Newton Township. 

John Smith wAila consent of his mother Deborah Poor, ap- 
prentice to Ralph Moore of Philad* Mariner 

JohnWiUiam Meyer last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob 
Winey of rhilad* 

Henry JJarfman last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob Win- 
ney of Philad' 

Daniel Miller under Indenture now cancelled, last from Ire- 
land, servant in John Reee of Pencaden hundred, New 
Castle Co. 

Henry Weinlmmei' son of Henry, apprentice to Henry Kep- 
pele of Philad* 

Lena SamoU last from Rotterdam, servant to Dedimiia 
Lewis of New Town, 

John MlileT last from Rotterdam, servant to John Vanlashe 
of WestnantmilK 

Christopher J^fHjcr^ servant to Wandel Zarban of Philad' 

Daniel Mise and Ann Catherine his wife last from Rotterdam, 
servants to Nichohis Burghart of Bristol. 

Catherine Jj^rnks Voi^t from Rotterdam, servant to Thos* 
Nedrow of Bristol Township Philad' 

Juliana Louks last from R4)tterdam, servant to Jacob Miller 
of Cheltenham Township 

Anna Margaret Son man last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Doc^^ Frederick Phili of Philad\ 

Jacob Hifer last from Rotterdam, servant to James Templin 
of East Nantmill. 

Peter Powell last from Rotterdam, servant to Richard Temp- 
Hn of East Cain Township. 

Eleanor Mubryan assigned by James Taylor to Levis Pen- 
nock of West Marlborough. 

Peter Roienbergh last from Rotterdam, servant to Able Lip* 
pincott, Eavsham Township 

Record of Servants and Appretitices, 


December lOth. 

Philip William Smith last from Rotterdam to Frederic Deeds 
of Philadelphia. 

John George Heifer last from Rotterdam, servant to William 
Hodge of Philad* 

Qiiherim Pouts laat trom Rotterdam, servant to Jacol) 
Franks of Philad^ 

John Sturgeon with consent of his Guardians Joseph Donald- 
son & Benjamin Fuller, apprentice to John Robertson of 
Southwark, mariner* 

John Jni^olt BuU last from Rotterdam, servant to William 
Rogers of Evesham Township. 

Paid Huber^ 

last from Rotterdam , servants 
to John Old of the Western 
Districk, Berks County. 

Joanna Teresa his wife 

Anthony their son k 

Joanna Mira their Daughter ^ 

Jacob Liulwig Dise last from Rotterdam, servant to George 
Shafer of Philad'. 

Thomas Woollen apprentice [May 14'*' 1770] assigned by Sol- 
omon White to Stephen Phipps of the City of Philad\ 

William Skinner with consent of his mother Rachael Warner 
apprentice to Jonathan Meredith of Philad* Tanner & 

Jacob Ludwick Kershaw last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Philip Wager of Philad*. 

James Oliver last from Ireland, Indenture now cancelled, 
bound a servant to James McDowell of Oxford Town- 
Veat Crossan last from Ireland, Indenture now canceUed, 
bound a servant to James McDowell of Oxford Town- 

December J 1th. 

Frederick Steinhaur last from Rotterdam, servant to Mary 

Jenkins of Philad' 
John George Muple last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Carman of Northampton Township* 
VOL. xxxixi. — 31 




Record of Servants and Apprentices, 

Jacob ^ak last from Rotterdam, servant to Philip Mouse of 

Catherine Vandam laet from Rotterdam, servant to Johu 

Luken, Surveyor General, 
William Maxfield bound an apprentice by the Managers ot 

the House of Employment to Jonathan Jones of Phila- 
delphia, Saddle Tree maker, 
Jokann Goiilib Graff \mt from Rotterdam, servant to Samuel 

Howell Merchant of the City of Phil' 
Jeremiah Driscolt [May IS'**] Indentured to Abram Shelly 

now cancelled, by ThomaB'TiBdell of Philad' 
-fli^A McDonald [May 7*** 1770] apprentice assigned by 

George Sharp! ess to Michael Canes of Philad* 
Pder Keller last from Rotterdam, servant to Dieterick Reise 

of Philad'. 

December 12th. 

Johan Tt/cc Sehnell last from Rotterdam, servant to William 

Staddleman of Lower Merion Township, 
Jacob Diamond last from Rotterdam, servant to Godfrey 

Haga of Philad'. 
John Peter Home last from Rotterdam, servant to Isaac 

Dorsten of Rock Hill Township, 
John Roba-ts with consent of his next Friend William 

Borton, Bound an apprentice to Peter January of Phil*, 

Wamcri Oaluwn last from Rotterdam, servant to Thomas 

Sinnickson, of Salem, Salem Co, Western Division of the 

Provuice of New Jersey. 
Johan Yofit Tajiier Inst from Rotterdam, servant to Allen 

Moore of Phil'. 
Maria Catherine Miller last from Rotterdam, a servant to 

Henry Haines of Phil*. 

December 14-ih, 
John Utricle Lyell a servant to John Jfixon of Philad*. 
Mary Levers with consent of her mother Mary an appren- 
tice to James Glenn of Philad*, 

Record of Servants and Appientices. 4SS 

John George Tiger last from Rotterdam, servant to Christ' 

Forrer of Lampiter Township. 
Anna Chrhsdamt Yeqer last from RtJtterdanij servant to John 

Breckbill of Straeburg Township. 
Magdalen Yegar last from Rotterdam, servant to Christian 

Forrer of Lampiter Township, 
Elizabeth Sanfftkn last from Rotterdam, servant to Hugh 

Roberts of Phihid'. 
Theobahl Cline [June ^^ past] servant to George Wertof Phila. 
Elizahefh Edsman last from Rotterdam, servant to Charles 

Wiat of the Northern Liberty 
John Fali*oner apprentice, assign'd by William Ross to 

8er%^e Richard Collier of Philad* Cordwainer. 
Margerg Broadleg [Nov, 7^** 1772] assigned by William 

Cociiran to Robert Carson of Southwark. 
Frederiea Rtgma Buhner last from Rotterdam, servant to 

John William Hoffman of Philad" 
Mary 3Iarftn redemptioner now cancelled, last from Ireland, 

a servant to William Weston of Philad^ 

December ISth. 

John Sickfreid with consent of hia mother Catherine signi- 
fied by Andrew Kesler her son-in-law, apprentice to Henry 
Cross of Philad* cordwainer. 
William Green who was under an Indenture of apprentice- 
ship to Cornelius Cooper, now cancelled with consent of 
Parties & with consent of his Father Peter an apprentice 
to John Hannah of Philadelphia, Brush luaker. 

Henrg WhitesUck last from Rotterdam, servant to John 
Breckbill of Strasburgh Township. 

Henrcita Tick last from Rotterdam, servant to C4eorge 
Goodwin of Philad' 

Catherine WM [Oct. 2^ 1769] assigned by Charles Cham- 
herline to William Simpson Pextang Township, 

John Rabjohn with consent of hid Father bo^md an appren- 
tice to Philip Sinclair of Philadelphia, Taylor. 


Record of Servants and Apprentices, 

William Sta^ms [January 11'* 1773] last from England ser- 
vant to Ellis Newlin of ChriBtiana Hundred, 

Ikcembe)' I6(/l 

JSiimund Easy aged fourteen years, apprentice ti» Michael 
Dawson by Managers of the House of Eniployrn' 

Catherine Taniiss with consent of her Father George ap- 
prentice to Adam Deshler of Whitehall Township. 

Johan Atlam Malzenbachir last from Hotterdara, servant to 
Jacob Brown of Philad\ Black Smith and assigned by 
him to Adam Carver of Heidelberg township. 

JIargaret Maldrom witli consent of her Father John, appren- 
tice to Michael Davenport of South vv ark, Cooper, and his 

George Garnets servant bound before Tho' LawTenee assigned 
by Peter Reeve to serve James Wharton of Phil' 

Ja€ob Able with consent of his Father Matthias apprentice 
to William Stots of Southwark. 

Ikeember 17th. 

Catherine Shaffer apprentice of Francis Lether [Jan, 10^ 
1772] by him assigned to George Myers of Reading, 

Mart/ ShiekeM with consent of her Father William apprentice 
to Stephen Carmuk of Phihidelphia. 

William Sieving with consent of his Father Patrie Sieving 
apprentice to Samuel Wright of Philad^ mariner 

December 18th> 

Mary Mackei [May li*** 1770] servant assingn'd by Abraham 

Shelly to Presly Blackiston of Philad' 
Joiiob Weiscop last from Rotterdam, servant to John Stoner 

Union Township. 
John Daff with consent of his Father Michael, apprentice 

to Robert Morris of Philad^ merchant. 

Record of Servanta and Apprentices. 


Margaret Belts last frora Rotterdam mid with consent of 
her husband John F^ed^ Bervaiit to Johan Geo, Fiahback 
of Manhehii Township and by him assignM to Abraham 
Rife of Manlieim Township, 

Johan Frcd^ Betts last Irom Rotterdam, Bervatit to John 
George Fiahback of Manheim Township, and by him 
assigned to Abraham Rife of Maiiheim, 

John Justice Boltmfdd hmt from Rotterdam, servant to John 
George Fishback of Manheini Township and by him 
aasign'd to Eronimns Hensihnan of Manheim Townahip. 

December 21sL 
Arthur Oildwdl aged eleven years, with consent of his 

Father David^ servant to Thonnis Sliields of Philadelphia. 
George Peddle with consent of bis Father Joseph, apprentice 

to Joseph Master of Philad' cooper. 

December ^2d. 

Thomas Knox last from Ireland, servant to Willian Carson 

of Philadelphia. 
William Wells with consent of his Father Philip, servant to 
Robert Uarper of Northern Liberties. 

Philip Cake with consent of bis Father Adam, apprentice to 
Matthias Cake of Philad*, Cooper. 

Jam£s Hollen with consent of his Father John , apprentice to 
Benj'" Town of Pbil* Coppersmith. 

David Carr apprentice [Aug. 11"* 1764] bound before Tho' 
Willing Esq', assigned by Margaret Hanson in Virtue of 
a Power of Attorney from her husband Jonathan to 
Thomas Penrose of Southwark. 

Benjamin Smith to William Hay of Nottingham Township. 

Maria Elizabeth Seibefl liii^t from Rotterdam, servant to Rich- 
ard Wistar of Philadelphia. 

December 2Sd, 
John Cramp Juti'' witli consent of his Fatlier, apprentice to 
Michael Hamper of Philad' Cedar Cooper. 


Record of Servants and Apprentices. 

Michael Harnian last from Rotterdam, servant to Wil- 
liam Will, Pewterer of Phila and by him assign'd to 
John Hunts J Tanner on the other side Cunnewago Creek 

Mary Fowlo last from Ireland, servant to Robert M'Curley 
ofHallem Township. 

Ann Scanhm [Oct> 20^*" 1772] servant assigned by William 
Ledtie to John Frazier of Philadelphia, mariner. 

Elizabeth Manjaret Hartman last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Henry Kepple Sen' mercht* of Phil' and by him assigned 
to Martin Lauman of the Borough of Lancaster. 

Edward Swaiue [August 5^*" 1772] servant assign'd by John 
Facey to Cornelia Cooper, Brnshmaker of Phil\ 

December S^th. 

Maria Elizabeth Foich last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Fritz of Southwark. 
3Iarf/ 31cCh'fiary [May Ib^ past] assign'd by Thomas NeU 

son to Robert Nelson of Fair Manor. 
ZiUdwiff Tamer with consent of his mother Anna Elizabeth 

Tamer, apprentice to Nicholas ililler of Phil% Taylor. 
Johaiines Weiffhel last from Rotterdam to William Lawrence 

of Debtford Township. 
Conrad Lambach last from Rotterdam to John Heister of 

Coventry Township 
Anna Catherine Thiikn last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Thomas Pryer of Philadelphia. 
Eve Catherine Uelffer last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Musser of the Borough of Lancaster and by him assign'd 

to Christian Forrey, watchmaker, of Lampiter Township. 
Clar}^ Jongerbloed last from Rotterdam, servant to William 

Forbes of Philad^ 
Anna Maria Miller last from Rotterdam, servant to Thomas 

Prior of Philad^ 
EUzabdh Margaret Albach last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Daniel Burkhart of Passyunk Township. 

Record of Servants atid Apprentices. 


Cafherim Albach last from Rotterdam, servant to Rudolph 

Feel of Moyamensing Towns^- 
Barnard Michetl laat from Rotterdam, servant to Nathan 

Garret of Upper Darby Township. 
Jacob Narinetier last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Duncan, Hatter, of PhilV 

December Mth. 

John Jacob Spider last from Rotterdam, servant to Nathan 
Levering of Roxbery Township. 

And"^ sailing lajst from Rotterdam, servant to Rietore Lippin- 
cott of Greenwich Township. 

John Peter Ulrieh [Jan' 27*^ 1773] last from Rotterdam, 
servant to Henry Kemmerer of Philad' and by him 
aeeign^d to Catherine Shetz in Lower Merion. 

John Jajcob Fifer last from Rotterdam, servant to Job Whit- 
tell of Debtford Township. 

James Rcihj last from Rotterdam, servant to Samuel Howell, 
merchant, of Philad' 

John WiUkwi Fhtfjes last from Rotterdam, servant to George 
Cooper of Philad' and by him assigiiM to Christian Petre 
of the Borough of Lancaster. 

John Peter binges last from Rotterdam, servant to Philip 
Cauble, of Oversalford Township. 

John Jacob Yetm last from Rotterdam, servant to Henry 
Ilainea of Phil* 

John Ward last from Ireland, redemptioner, to Thomaa 
Brown now cancelled, servant to Philip Price of Kingsesa 

Margery Breadky [November 7*** & December li**"] to Wil- 
liam Laidley of Philadelphia. 

Thomas Prmdergast la«t from Ireland, redemptioner, servant 
to Jamee Rosa of Kingsess Township. 

Dtcembtr S8Uk 
Charles Hfrter last from Rotterdam, servant to Matthias 
Lendenbergher of Philad* 


Record of Servants and Apprentices, 

i i ; 

Jacob Kkdi with consent of his Mother Maiy Juker ap-^ 
preotice to Henry Oxbeeker of Stow Creek. 

Michael Lar^ apprentice to Joseph Gavin of Phil* cord- 
waiuer, by the Managers of the House of Eraployinent 

Archibald Brmn [May 7^** 1772] a negro assign*d by James 
Delaplaine to Mary Sindray of Phil* 

Elizabeth Maxzeymour last from Rotterdam servant to John 
Vanderio of Roxbury, 

Elizabeth Jvruj last from Rotterdam, servant to John Van- 
derin of Roxbury. 

Leonard Hariranfih with consent of his Mother Susanna, 
apprentice to Henry Ilytnan of Philad\ Taylor. 

Henry Key ids k 1 last from Rotterdam, servants to W* 

BaUzar hie son J Bryant near Trenton. 

Catherine Eli3* Germane last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Chrigtian Shade of Malborough. 

John William Maxzeymonr last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Leonard Karg of Lancaster and assigned by hira to Lud- 
wick Lanman, 

Philip Sdcell aged seven years 20'** November last, appren- 
tice t43 Francis Springer of Phil* cordwiiiner, by the Man- 
agers of the House of Employment* 

Maria Elizabeth Pfeifer last from Rotterdam servant to 
.Jacob Hiltzheimcr of Phil* 

ChisHan Eliz^ Pfeifer last from Rotterdam servant to 

Charles Lyan of Philad* 
Vtdenfine Fingar \mt from Rotterdam, servant to Kathaniel 
Donald of Philadl 

December WiK 

Ann Scania n [October 20^** 1772] servant ai^ign'd by John 

Fraser to John Brown of Willis Town. 
Thomas Mood with consent of his mother Mary, apprentice 

to Snmuel Simpson of Philad^ Cordwainer. 
Elizabeth Becker last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Peter of Phil*. 
Pheebe Willis servant to John Burrough of Newtown. 

Record of Servants and Apprentices, 


Jtwe Williams last from Ireland, indenture of servitude now 

cancelled, servant to Thomas Hale of Phil* 
Honor SuUkiiin last from Ireland, indenture of servitxide 

now cancelled, servant to John Willson of Phil\ 
Richard Newman last from GalwaVi* redemptiooer to Thomaa 

Brown now cancelled, servant to Michael Robinson of 

John Heits last from Rotterdam, servant to Henry Kugger 

of Piles Grove. 
John 3Iftfthi<f8 Dirn^as last from Rotterdam, servant to Dan* 

iel Drinker of Phil* 
George Swartz last from Rotterdam, servant to Peter Dick ot 


Charles Miller bound before Tho* Willing Esq% apprentice 

assigned by William Niles to David Jones of Philadelphia, 

Maria EUzaheih Meyer last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Benjamin Olden of Phil*. 
Amxa Margaret Konckerl last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Thomas Proctor of Phil* 
Ailam SloU last from Rotterdam, servant to Charles Chara- 

berlayne ot Philad* 

Dectmber SOth, 

Amia Oitlwrina Ditigmey last from Rotterdam servant to 

Levi IlolUngsworth of Phil\ and by him assigned to 

Henry Weaver of Strasburgh, 
Gotfrid PiM^ lai^t from Rotterdam, servant to Lndwig Euhn 

of Phil* and assign'd by him to Henry Shoemaker of 

Ann nail [Dec. 18*"* 1769] to William Walker of Warwick 

assigned by William Graham. 
George Kisler last from Rotterdam, servant to Ludwig Euhn 

of Pbil\, aBsigned by bim to Charles Shoemaker. 
Hans George Srhenediffer \ last from Rotterdam, servants 

and Dorothea his wife / to Samuel Howell of Phil* 


Record of Servants and Apprentices, 

Adani Schencdiffer aged two years with Oonaent of his Father 

John George, servant to Samuel Howell 
Anna Maria S^^hrnediJfW aged four years with consent of her 

Father, servant to Sara* Howell of Phil* 
Adam Shafer In&t from Rotterdam, servant to Ludwig Kuhn 

of Phil' and assigned by him to Henry Mallin of 

Simon fVickaver with consent of his mother Catherine 

apprentice to Peter Sehreiver of Phil\ Butcher. 
Michael Doims under indenture of servitude to John M** 

Connell now cancelled, servant to Thomas Badge of 

South wark. 
Jacob Shrarer last from Rotterdam , servant to John Beatler 

of Union Township. 
Catherine Eli' Helfritjm last from Rotterdam servant to 

Charles Syng of Phil* and assigned by him to George 

Musser of Lancaster. 
John Grodfred (xrafmoyer last from llotterdam, servant to 

William Lamburn of Kenuet 
Anna Jidiana Brei/ last from Rotterdam, servant to William 

Lamburn of Kenoet Township. 
John Burk under indenture of servitude to Thomas Brown 

now cancelled^ to John Suber Middle Township. 
Wdliam Short last from Ireland, servant to Saml. Talbot of 

New Town. 
Lott Megan [Nov. 21'* 1772] assigned by Samuel CaldweU 

to Zebulon Rodolph of Maryland, 

^ ' , '„ , ,, I last from Rotterdam, servants to Ja- 
(Jaihenn Barbara his > r ti xwi_ xt ^i rt*, 

C cob Paum ot the Northern Lihertys 
wile ) 

Ludwh/ Jfenri/ Dseman last from Rotterdam, servant to Ben- 
jamin Coultney of Phil* and tusaigned by liim to Robert 
Park of Chester Countj\ 

Simon Jacob Bess last from Rotterdam, servant to Mary 
Jinkins of Phil* 

Anna Mizabeth Pifa* last from Rotterdam, servant to Joho 
Field of Phil* 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. 491 

Johan Henry Miffei last from Rotterdam, servant to Adam 
Foulke, and by him assigned to Adam Reigard of Lan- 

December Slsi. 

Jacob Fress last from Rotterdam, servant to James Sparks 
of Philad* 

Henry Adam Maxzuymour last from Rotterdam servant to 
Anthony Groff of Phil* 

Maria Catherine Meyer last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Richard Bache of Phil» 

Mary Bum servant assign'd by Joseph Price to Martin 
Juges of Phil» [July 20"* last] 

Anna Margaret Meyer last from Rotterdam servant to Jere- 
miah Warder of Philad* 

Nicholas Lederigh last from Rotterdam servant to John Bald- 
win of PhiK 

Peter Henricksan [Feby. &^ 1772 Oct 8**] assigned by 
Christopher Senclair to Frederic Burd. 

John Frederic Orbel last from Rotterdam, servant to George 
Henry, at the same time assigned by him to his Father 
William Henry. 

(To be continued.) 


Pennsylvania Oleatungs in England. 



William Dyer of county Sussex, Province of Pennsilvauia 
Escir. Will 20 February 1687; proved 4 September 1690- 
To my eldest son William Dyer now at Boston in New 
England my plantation in the Broad Kill now called Rum- 
bley place in Sussex county, 2000 acres with 10 cows and 
4y 2 year old heifers and 6, 2 year old Steares. To my 
second son Edmund Dyer one plantation on Lewes Creek 
formerly called Sundials hot now Beavorwick and 400 
acres formerly in Partnership with Stephen Wliittman 
bounding on lands of Jeremiah Scott and Thomas Brans- 
comb and to the Southward partly on lands of John Roads 
and William Roads and Eastward on the Town Creek, To 
my youngest son James Dyer 400 acres upon Mispillen 
Creek and 300 acres upon the Beavordam and upon Prince 
Hooke Creeke and 200 acres in Newcastle County, 6 miles 
from the Town. To my eldest daughter Sarah Dyer 
500 acres between the Cold Spring and the Sypress Bridge 
in county Sussex, and to ray youngest daughter Mary Dyer 
300 acres known as White Horse lately bought of Charles 
Pickering and 255 acres on Angola Neck late the land of 
Richard Shoulster. To my wife Mary Dyer 2500 acres in 
Sedar Neck near the town of Lewes and a bond of £40 from 
Hendrick Vandenborgh of Newcastle and one from Justice 
Andrieson of Newcastle £6. Samuel Curtis of Atlawayes 
Creek, West Jersey £4, Captain William Markham £20, and 
£70 due from William Assberry on mortgage now in hands 
of Captain Stephens Van Courtland of New York and also 
my lands in Narraganset County in New England, and ni)^ 
right to the estate of my late father William Dyer deceased 
upon Roade Island within the Pruvnnce of Providence and 
also one Island called Dyers Island between Prudence and 

Pennsi/lvania Oleanings in England, 493 

Roade Island, and the balance of Mr. Thomas Lloyds bond 
payable at New York 26 May next* and 20 acres at Reding 
in New England and two Islands called the Claftbrd Islands 
in Gaacoe Bay in New England. Executors: Wife Mary 
Dyer and son William Dyer. My wife to have £150 silver 
money of New England in hands of Sir Edmund Androsn. 
Overseers: Mr. John Ilill and Mr. Samuell Gray and I 
request his Excellency Sir Edmund Androsa, Governor 
Oenerall of New England to be assisting my wife. Wit- 
nesses : Charles Sanders William Rodeney, who swear to 
truth of Major William Dyer, deceased, 5th day of 4th 
month called June 1688, Norton Claypoole, Deputy Regis- 
ter, county Sussex. Proved in London by William Dyer. 

Di/kc, 136, 

Sarah Ecklby of Philadelphia, Province of Pennsylvania, 
widow, and sole executrix of John Eckley, late of the same 
place, merchant Will 17 June 1C92; proved 7 December 
1698. The estate left me by me husband's will dated 17 
July 1686 in Pembroke or elsewhere in England and Wales^ 
and the lands in this province among my three children, 
namely William Bnrge, Mary Burge, and Sarah Eckley. 
To daughter Sarah Eckley £200 To mens meeting of 
Friends at Philadelphia £10 and to womens meeting at same 
place to which I belong £5. To my Brothers £1, Is. Od. 
each. To my executors £1. Is. Od. each. To my late hus- 
band's son John Eckley £5 Ss. Od. William and Mary 
Burge to be under my executors in Pennsylvania till of age, 
and my daughter Sarah to be placed with my friend Hannah 
Delavall till of age. Executors in America : Thomas Lloyd, 
Samuel Carpenter, and John Delavall of Philadelphia. Ex- 
ecutors in England: James Lewis, Peregrine Musgrave, 
and Richard Staflbrd, junior all of South Wales, Witnesses ; 
John Goodsonne, Alexander Beardly, James Fox, Abraham 
Hardiman, Daniel LLoyd. 


Pennsylvania Oleanings in England^ 

JoifU Harris of Qoaracre, pariah of Hillmarton, county 
Wilts, Clothier. Will 1 April 1693; proved 9 June 1693. 
To son Samudl tenements in Hi!lmartx)n and jCoOO. To 
John Harris £500 when bis apprenticeship expiree and all 
my lands in Pennsylvania. To Charicott Meeting £10. 
Residue to my fonr daughters, Sarah, Jane, Hannah, and 
Mary, Executrixes : Wife Jane and son Samuell, Over- 
seers : Joanathan Scott of Bremhill, clothier, and Roger 
Cook of Calne, yeoman. Witnesses: John Phillips, 
Stephen Dangerfield, and Ji3hn Rangen 

Ooker^ 96. 

Edward Pbrrin, City of Bristol, Merchant Will 8 June 
1702; proved 23 December 1709, To be buried near n\y 
last wife in the Quaker's burial ground. Sole executor: 
son Thomas Perrin, to whom I give all my land in Virginia, 
Mary land, Pennailvania, or elsewhere in America, also the 
house Isaac Noble lives in in Castle Street in Bristol and 
another in Castle Street where William Nicholas lives, he 
to pay my two daughters Susanna and Anne Perrin £300 
each when 21 or married. To my three younger children 
Edward, Susanna, and Anne my messuage in which I now 
live. To son Edward two messuages in Broadmead, St 
James Parish, adjoining the house of widow Skinner, both 
now in possession of Widow Evans and John Baker and 
three messuages on Chapell Street in St Philip, and Jacob 
in possession of Robert Rookes, and my silver watch when 
of age. Overseers: Robert Ruddle, my brother-in-law, and 
Cornelius Sarjant of Bristol sopemaker, and Benjamin 
Morse, Hosier, Witnesses: Sam: Fox, Thos- Hayne, 
John Brinsden. 

Lane^ S95. 

Jane Thomas late of Philadelphia. Will 22 4th month 
1706; proved 11 February, 1711* To my Brother Micah 
Thomas and his children £30. To my Brother Gabriel 
Thomas £20 besides what he owes me. To sister Mary 

Pennsylvania Oleanings in England. 495 

Snead and her children £20. To sister Rachel Wharton 
£40. To Unkle James Thomas £20 a year for life. To my 
cousins and nieces Elizabeth, Mary, and Rachel Williams 
£50 each at deceased of their uncle James Thomas and their 
brothers if living £50. To children of Thomas Wharton 
and my sister Rachell his wife £20 each. To Edward 
Shippen Senr. and his grandchildren Edward and Elizabeth 
Shippen £20. To Samuel Preston and his daughters Mar- 
garet and Hannah £30. To poor of Philadelphia the re- 
mainder of my estate after death of said uncle. Executors : 
Edward Shippen and Samuel Preston of Philadelphia mer- 
chants. Witnesses. Philip Russell Walton Huling. Jona- 
than Bailey. Morris Edwards. 

James Thomas late of Philadelphia in Pennsilvania but 
in St Margarets Lothbury London bachelor deceased. Pro- 
bate Act Book. Proved in County Sussex Delaware Bay, 
9 November, 1710. 

Barnes J S8. 


Notes and Queries, 


Centenary of Abraham Lincoln's Birth. — 

The Centenary of Abraham Lincoln's birth was obaerved by the His- 
torical tSociety of Pennsylvania at a Special Meeting, February 8, at 
which Major William H. Lambert, a member of the Council, read a 
pa j)er entitled ^^ The Gettysburg Address, When Written, How Received, 
its True Form'*; and also by an Exhibition of Lincoln Autographs and 
ReHc», that continual through the we«^k. In addition to the Society's 
own treaiiures, the following arliclea from Major Lambert's Lincoln Col- 
lection were shown: 

Ijock of Lincoln's Hair, cut April \T}, 1865, 

Cuff Button worn by Lincoln April 14^ ]865, 

Inkstand owned and used by Lincoln tn his Springfield Law Office^ 
with certificate by hiK partner Herndon, that from this stand tlie 
♦'House divided against itwelf*' speech was written. 

Cane owned and used by Lincoln, and presented by him to Rev. Dr 
Gurley, pastor of the Church attended by the President and his family 
in Washington. 

Cane presented to Lincoln in 1860, and after his death presented by 
his widow to Frank B. Carpenter, the artist. 

Booh (hvmd btf Lincohi and Oantalmmj kU Autograph, 

A Dictionary for Primary Schools — Webster — 18S3. 

Paiey^s Works, 

Gibbon's Rome, 

Hallam*s Middle Ages. 

Attgell on Limitations. 

The Illinois Conveyancen 

Books Prtmnted to Lincoln, 

The Republican Party, speech by CharleB Sumner, with his autograph 

Hitchcock's Religious Truth, with autograph presentatiou by Hemdon. 

Booh Iked btf Lineoin, Each with Ckrtificate of that Fbet. 

Colton*8 Life and Speeches of Henry Clay, 

Speech of Stephen A. Douglas, 

Books Pretented by Lincoln with hii PmcUed Autograph 
Imcr^ion in Each. 

Lincoln and Douglaa Debates, 1860, with two A, L. S. of Lincoln 
and one of Douglas, relating to contest, inserted. 

Lanman's Diction arj^ of Congress, 1859, with A. L. 8. of Lincoln to 
Lanraan inserted. 

Notes and Queries. 


Autographs of Lincoln, 

' Abraham Lincoln — Hib Book," — Small blank book in which Lincoln 
pasted dippings from nevvspaper repurte of various speeches and wrote 
noicB and a letter to Hod. J. N. Brown, for whom the book was prepHred. 

Autograph page from *'Sum Book*' signed by Lincoln and dated 1824. 

8oldier*8 Discharge in **Blat'k Hawk VVar," blank** filled by Linctdn, 
who signed na Captain, Sei)tember 26, 1832, 

Auto^aph Document — Notes of Survey, 1S3*>. 

Autograph Praecipe in his first law suitj October 8, 188t5, 

A. L. 8. to Hon. John T, Stuart, January 20, 1840. 

A. L. a to William H. Hermli^n, June 22, 1848, 

A. L. S. to John D. Johnson (Btt'p- brother), November 25, 185L 

A. L. S. to Hon. John M. Palmer, September 7, 1854. 

A. L. S. to John E. Rosette, February 20, 1857, 

A. U 8. to Hon. Lyman TrambulL April 29, 1860, 

Note sij^ned to the Secretarv of the Interior, March ITi. 1861. 

A. N, 8. to Lieut, Geni Scott, August 7, 1861. 

A, N. S, to Creneral McClellau, 8eptemb<»r 30, 186L 

A. N. a to Secretary of War, July 28, 1862. 

A. L. 8. to Governor Curtin, Jolv 2o, 1864, 

A. L, 8. to Dr. W. Q. Snider. July 25, 18G4. 

A, L, B, to General Grant, City Point, April *}, 1865, 

Nine visiting cards with Autograpli noU^g signed on each, various dates. 

A. L. S. of Col. J. E. PeyU^n to the Adjt. GenL U. 8. A. with favor- 
able endorsements by several citizens of F'hihidelphia, and Mayor Henry, 
Governor Curtin, and President Lincoln, but disapproved by the Secre- 
tary of War. 

Proposed measures for gradual and compensated abolition of alavery 
in Delaware ; four pages in Pretsident Lincoln's autograph. 

Plan of Campaign for fall of 1861, two pages in autograph of Presi- 
dent Lincoln, 

Autograph manuscript of his Addreaa at the opening of tlie Sanitary 
Fair, Baltimore, April 18, 1864, 

Aut^jgraph Manuscript— Thouglits upon Slavery* 

Legal documents in Autograph of Lincoln, the several firm names 
signed by him. 

Stuart A Lincoln, 
Logan & Lincoln, 
Lincoln &, Herndon, 

Legal Documents in Autograph of Lincoln signeil for himself and 
associated counsel, 

Lincoln & Lamon, 

Whitney, Davis, Swett A Lincoln, 

Autograph judicial opinion written by Lincoln at request of the Clerk 
of the Court, 

ianooln and Hemdon Fee B^jok, 1847. 

Copper Medal, copy of Gold Medal given Mrs, Lincoln by French 
Lincoln Centennial Medals by Roin^, QoUl^ Silver, and Bronze. 
Lincoln Medals by Brenner, Silver and Bronze. 



Notes and Qxisries. 

Original Ambrotype, August 13, 1860. 

Original Ambrotype. 

Original Daguerreotype, 

Twelve (Contemporary Curd Pliot(>g:raph8. 

Program of Arrangement© for reception of President- Elect, Philadel- 
phia, February 21, 18fil. 

Obsequies of President in Philadelphia, April 21, 1865. 

Ticket of AilmisBion to Independence ITall, April 21^ 1866. 

Ford's Theatre Play- Bill, April 14, 18t)5, First Issue. 

Ford's Theatre Plny^Biil, April 14, 1865, Second Issue. 

Manuscript notes descriptive of the last hours of President Lincoln 
and of the autopsy, written Aj^ril 15, 1866, by Dr. C. 8. Tafl, one of 
the attending Surgeons. 

Autograph Copy by Walt Whitmau of ** O Captaia ! My Captuin ! " 

Among the exhibits cif the Historical Society were the following 
original autograph letters: 

Executive Mansiok 
Major <teneral Grant. Wabminoton, July 13, 1863. 

My dear General. 
I do not remember that you and I ever met personally^ I write this 
now aa a grateful acknowledgment for the almost inestimable service you 
have done the country. — I wis^h to say a word further — When you first 
reached the vicinity of Vicksburg, I thought you should do, what you 
finaly did— March the troops across the neck, run the batteries with 
the transports^ and then go below ; and I never had any faith, except a 
general hope that you knew better than I, that the Yazoo Pass expedi* 
tion, and the like, could succeed. When you got below, and took Fort 
Gibson, Grand Gulf, and vicinity, I thought you should go dowQ the 
river and jfiin Gen. Banks, and when you turne^i Northward East of the 
Big Black, I feared it wan a mistake. I now wish to make the personal 
acknciwleilgment that you were right, and I was wrong. 

Yours very truly 
A. Lincoln. 


Ef.izA P. GuBKEY. Washington September 4, 1864. 

My esteemed friend, 
I have not forgotten— probably never shall forget — the very impreaaive 
occasion when yourself and friends visited me on a Sabbath forenooa 
two years ago. Nor has your kind letter, written nearly a year later 
ever been forgotten. In all it has ever been your purpose to streogthea 
my reliance on God. I :im much indebted (o the good christian people 
of the country for their constant prayers and consolations j and to no 
one of them, more than to yourself. The purposes of the Almighty are 
perfect, and must prevail, though we erring mortaJs may fail to acca* 
rately perceive them in advance. We hoped for a happy termination of 
this terrible war long before this ; but G<rtl knows best, and has ruled 
otherwise. We shall yet acknowledge His wisdom and our own error 
therein. Meanwhile w^e must work earnestly in the beat light he giTes 
us, tnisting that so working still conduces to the great ends He ordains. 

Notes and Queries. 


Biirely He inlentk Rome great good to follow thin mighty coturulaion, 

which no mortal could make, and no mortal could stay. 

Your i>eople — ^the Friends — have had, and are having & very great 

On principle, and faith, opposed to both war and oppression, they can 
only practically opf>06e oppreaaion by war. In thia bard dilemma, some 
have chosen one horn and some the other. For those appealing to me 
on couacientious ground:), I have done, and Bhall do, the best I could 
and can, in my own conscience, under my oath to the law. That you 
believe this 1 doubt not, and believing it, I shall still receive, for our 
country and myself, your earnest prayers to our Father in Heaven. 

Year sincere friend, 

Act kelating to the Pekn title in Delaware. — The following 
Act, aomewhat in line with the policy of the Divesting Act of the 
Anembly of Pennsylvania, is found in *• The Laws of the State of Dela- 
ware," printed by Adams, Newcastle, Del., 1797, vol. ii, p. 1174: 

Chap, LVII. c. Passed February 7, 1794* 

A Stipple in en t to an act, intitled : An act for opening and establishing 

a Land rjtUce within this state, and ff>r the sale of all vacant and 

unlocatfd lands therein. 

Whereas the rights to the soil and lands within the known and 
c«tnbti&hed limits of this state, was heretofore claime<i by the crown of 
Great Britain : And whereas by the definitive treaty between his Bri- 
tannic Majesty and the United States of America, bia Hrild Mnjesty relin- 
quished all rights, proprietary and territorial within the limits of the 
said United States, to the citizens of the same, for their sole hm^ and 
benetit ; by virtue whereof the soil and lands within the limits of this 
state became the right and property of the citizens thereof, and who at 
the time of passing the act to which this i» a supplement, had, and now 
hsive, full power imd authority, by their Representatives, to dispose ot 
the same fur their sole benefit, emolument and advantage. And whereas 
the claims of the late and former proprietaries of this state, to the soil 
and lands contained within the same, are not foundetJ either in law or 
equity ; audit is just, right, and necessary, that the citizens thereof should 
be secured in the enjoyment of their estates, rights and properties. 

SECTION 1. Be it therefore enactetl by the Senate and House of 
Beprceentatives of the state of Delawsre in General Assembly met, That 
all patents, warrants, and grants, for bmds within this state, made or 
granted by James heretofore Duke of York, the proprietaries of Mary- 
land, or the pretended proi>rietarie8 of this state, or their or any of their 
Agents, Oflicers or Coramisgionere, duly authorised to grant lands within 
the same^ at any time before the lirst day of January, in the year of our 
Lord One Thousand S*.>ven Hundred and Sixty, and all surveys made in 
pursuance of any Fuch patents, warrants, or grants, shall be, and at ail 
times hereafler shall be deemed and taken to be good and valid both in 
law and equity, fully, clearly, and absolutety exonerated, discharged 
and exempted of and from all manner of rents, fines, and services what- 
soever ; and the said patents, warrants, and grants so fully, clearly and 
absolutely exonerated, discharged and exempted, are hereby ratified, 


Notes and Queries. 

confirmed, and established forever, according to such estate and estates, 
rights and intorest?, and under euch lituitattooB and uses, ah io and by 
the aaid patent^^ vvarrauls and granta, are expresaed, directed and ap- 
pointed, and DO other. 

[The twelve other sections of the Act are not relevant] 

St. Clair-Eo8S Lett er.^.— The following letters of Gov* Arthur St. 
Clair to Col. Mentges, and of John Ross to 3t. Clair, are contributed 
by C. C. Raniaey, of New York City. — 


Fort Washington May 18** J 791. 

An Officer and a party of fifeteen Men are ordered to repair to the 
mouth of tlie Kentucky River, where I expect a Detachment of Mounted 
Militia will be assembled by the 20^^ instant. He will ^et out this dmj 
and you will pleaae to go with hi in in order to inui^tcT the said Militia. 
Four Rolls of each Company are to he made out, one of which, after 
being certiftetl by you, m to be retained by the commanding OflicerH of 
the Companies reeipectively ; another to the commanding Officer of the 
Detach^- a third to the Paymaster of the Detachment to be by him 
transmitted to the War Office of the United States, and the fourth you 
will retain ytiun^elf. 

You will please t^i observe that the whole number ought not to exceed 
geven hundred and twenty Privates, divided into ten Companies to each 
of which Comp. there in to be allowed a Captain, Lieutenant, En«ign 
and four Serjeants, but there is some Reason to believe that they will 
exceeti the stipulated number. Should that excess amount to one or 
more conipleat Companies, you will pleaae to note below the certiOcate 
of the Mujster (this Company supernumerary) should the excess fall 
much short of one com pleat Company it must be distributed among 
the ten Companies, with such a Note as this on the M, Roles — this 
Company has men more than the compliment. 

The distribution of the Provisions and the Ammunition will probably 
take up Home time, and I request you not to -pTcss the Mu<;tter until that 
18 over for tho I would not !?eeui to retard them in the lefi*t I do not 
wish that the march should begin before the 24^''. The delay may be a 
little painful to you, but m I have reasons for it of a public Nature, but 
which it 18 not proper should apjiear, I am confident that you will sub- 
mit to it with cheerfulness, and manage it wilh delicacy » for it is 
expedient that it should not be discovered that any delay has been pre« 

lam Yr* 

Colo Mentoez. A** B"' Clair, 

PiTTSBiTRGH 16 October, 180! 
Dear Sir. 

Oil the behalt of James Galbraith one of the heirs at law of Thouias 
Galbraith late of Ligonier decease*!, I have to request, that you would be 
80 good as to State for what sum you sold the Ligouier property to Gal- 
braith, how much he paid you in his liTetime, how much Jameson his 
son inlaw & adm*^ paid to you or whether he paid .any thing, and how 

}foti» and Qmriea. 


much remained to be paid out of the sale of the real property ; — ^la far 
as your recollection or papers will enable you to give an account of it 

Thia haji become absolabely ne*^esiiary, aa Jameson is dead without 
having made any j^ttlcment of Galbraith's EHtatei aud Jatneson'a tidmiii- 
ifltratora alledge that he made pAvmentd to yoti out of his own property 
for which he ought to have credit, but they can produce no receipt 

You wiil oblige me by forwiirtling an answer to me by Post aa aoon 
aa your buniiiesa will p^mit you to make the oeeeiBary Enquinea. 

With the highest respect I have the honour to remain 

Dear Sir 

Your raoet obediant Servant 

Gov* St Clair. James Hoes. 

German Families : — The follo^dng list of German fitmiliea, arrived 
at Philadelphia, apjiears in an advertit^ement in Henry Miller's Sfnais 
Bote of February 9, 1758, and will be helpful for genealogical purposes. 
The translation waa made by the contrilmtor, H. G. Swift.— 

The following German familiea and a couple of unmarried persons, 
are now in thii* city ; nil held for their piis^age from Holkud^ and 
desiring to bind themselves cmt for the same ; they are in present need ; 
they hope to find their friends and wouM like to emigrate to free them- 
selvciJ of indebtedness t^j Hl/Zm^ and Mon^ijt aa they themselves are una- 
ble to pay, since they (W. & M.) are willing to give credit either to their 
friends or themi*elve» if they bind themselves out. 
Johannes llobart, joiner, born in the Chur Maynx^ town of I^mbach ; 

w\fe^ Maria Elisabetha Kettelin, from Langenkandcl in Zweibruck, 
JohHun Jacob Miiller, peasant, of Dierdorf, town of Dirnbach \ w\fe, 

Margreta Elijsabetha Thomaa. 
Johann Wilhelm Kaper. peasant, horn in Grafschaft^ Dierdorf, town 

of Potterbach ; wi/e^ Annagir Hoffman^ town of Werkbach. 
Johannes Miiller, peasant, horn in Chur-Pfaltz, t*jwn of Bretzen j wtffj 

Anna Elisabetha Sandpofler, from Anspach, town of Bilrgonhau^n, 
Johann Miiller, peasant, bom in Hesse Darmstadt, Hemchafl Itter; 

ici/e, Anna Maria Mo Her (no town given). 
Eva Sch lei chart, needlewoman, horn in Elaass, town of Lembach (single), 
Joseph Bias, tailr»r, Chur Maynz^ town o) Burtsele ; teifCf Dorothea 

Kartz, born in Elsasi^, town of Lembach, 
Bastian Dauber, peasant, Hesse Oassel district of Marburg, town of 

LeidehofTen ; tci/e^ Anna Elisabetha Litt, Ijorn in Braunselseischen, 

town of Oberhofen. 
Johan Derbald Hauck, peasant, bom in Zweybruck^ town of Hunbach ; 

tpi/ff Barbara Schunckel, town of Hassen. 
Johann Jacob Albrech, peasant, born in Zweybruck, town of Langen- 
kandcl ; wife, Anna Maria Nirland, Lamhiu. 
Johann Philip Bott, [feasant, born in ElMaa^, town of Faehbach ; w^fe, 

Anna Maria Malonc, born in the town of Krusy.buch, 
Johann Kobbeloch, linen weaver, Zwcybruck, town of Langenkandel ; 

fci/e, Seyler, town of V 5 rle bach- 
Anna Catharina RoFx, born in Zweybruck, town of Langenkandel (single). 
Johann Georg Hoch, peasant, horn in Zweybruck, town of Burlebach; 

r/"i/f, Maria Dorothea Baur, l>orn in Elsawf*, town of Lerubiich. 
Jeremias Algeyer. peasant and vine dreader, horn in Kirchheim on the 

Necker ; wi/e, Elisabetha Mjirgaritha Schaf, born Id Guglingen. 


Notes and Queries. 

Jafaann Nicholas Albrech, peasant and vine dresser, born Kirchheimoii 
the Necker ; v^ife^ Christina Krauaz^ bom in Lebam. 

Johannes Westermeyer, maker of wooden shoes, Elsaas^ Kollendarf; 
wife, Adiiga, from Fischback, Elsass. 

Johann G«org Scbafer, musician , from Pfaltz, district of Lindenfeli ; 
wi/e^ Elaa, born iu Clembad, Chur Pfaltz. 

B. Q. Swift. 

Lbttbr of Dr. John Morgan to John Ewino. — 

PHitAD* Feb'y 9»* 1766 
Veky D» 8ir 

I have juat Liesure Time enough to let jou know the following, via, 
that I sent you y* Oratio Valedictoria of Mr. G: Dnftield, and Smith's 
Longinus, last week by the Re?'^ John Brainerd, «£» you requested, and 
which I hope are come to hand ere now, (I likewise wrote to Mr Jonath: 

I anould not bare been so scnipulously exact in executing my 
Charge, bad I known of any other Opportunity before Mr, Brainerd. 
nay, I was for a long time uneasy lest I should ne^er see either 
him or any body else going to New Ark, & was ready to conclude 
that all CTommunieation between that Place and this, was quite cut off; 
& yet I had the raortificjition to hear the Day I wrote by Mr. Brainerd^ 
that there had been an Oppertunity some time before : I call it a Morti- 
fication not because I bad it in my power to send^ and would not, but 
because you might think my not sending was owing to will full neglect 
or Laxiness ; but when I hud made a very strict Enquiry diveree Times 
to no purpose^ I deem my Ignorance not imputable, I have several 
Time* bad a mind of sending by the Stage Boat, but have been pre- 
vented from Fear it would he quite lost Labour, as I am fully satisfied, 
the Boat does not come within many miles of the College^ A wether 
they would have a Speedy & sure Opportunity of forwarding to you, or 
wether if they had, they would take Care to do ao^ I very much doubted ; 
besides wether, I ought not to direct it to the Care of somebody at 
Am boy or elsewhere, I knew not ; so y* I should be glad y* you would 
let me know how I am to manage^ if I should have any further Ocmsion 
of »ending that way ; not that I have any great Opinion of a good Con- 
veyance by Water, or y* I intend to send that Way when I can send by 

As to News I have nothing very Particular to write except that Major 
Washington is now in Town & hjis some Business with our Assembly, 
but what it is» I can't say ; but conjecture that he wants his Hands 
fltrengthen'd y* he may be enabled to distress the French A Indians io 
their Interest toward Fort Duquesue* This seems more probable, as h^ 
has lately been into y' Country of the Cherokees, Sc 'tis said y* they have 
offer' d to go out in very large Bodies^ & resolve if possible to Penetrate 
even Fort Dnquesne if tjiey receive suitable Encouragement, 

Mr, Franklyn came to town last Friday from Fort Allen, A left the 
men there in high Spirits — There is a report prevailing in Town y* 
an English 40 gun-ahip is taken by the French, A some dismall Acc^ 
that the Western Inlands Fiall, Teneriffe Ac, are all swallowed up. A y* 
there is not the least vestige of any of them remaining, not the least 
Mark or Remains of the famous Peke of Tenerifie, so well known in the 


Notes and Queries, 


Annals of HiHtory ; this Afc^ it aeeiiiB is sent by one Cap* Hinton, who 
was bound t^» Fiall, & cruiz'd off the Place where Fiall once was, for 
Beveral weeke^ without the leji»t prospect of any »ucb place, though be 
bad often l>eeQ there before* ^ wns at length obli^*d to put into Lisbon ; 
but both these Accta want Confirnmtion ; & I have aome secret Hope 
y* they will prove false. The Officers in Town seem to do mnch more 
Execution ainoDjEfthe girh than ever they did among the Indians & if 
they dont leave their Hearts quite behind them, I hope they will give 
Ihe pretty Nymphs as good Proofe of their Courage next Campaign in 
the Field of Mars, as tliey have Done here in their Feata under y* 
Banner of Venus, But Bu^ineR** interrupts, therefore I conclude with 
repeiiting my wishee for your Proaperity. 
D^ Sir Yotu loving F'^ 

& obedient humble serv* 

John Morgan 
(Addressed) To Mr. John Evtino 

p^ fav^ of The Revd > New-Ark 

Aaron Burr J The«e 

Copy of Letter from Bishop AsatTRY to Rbv. Thomas Hab- 
KiNS, contributed by Herbert Dupuy, Eaq., Pittaburgh, Penna, 

East Tennessee Frenchbboad River, Oct. 18, 1814. 

Great Grace attend ua, in Great Day» of diatress, in the States ; and 
in the Churches : Zion Languisheth. The superabundant goodnees of 
my dear Philadelphians and others still liveth upon my soul ; excuse 
my seeming severity, when pressed so exceedingly, I traced the foot- 
steps of providence, after 70i> miles and 12 weeks. I had said B. 
McHendree must not be a man of straw ; but steel, if he wrought bii 
way to Cincinnati, Ohio Conference, After all things well, to the west 
of Pennsylvaniu, the Bishop, wajs thrown trom his horse ; seriously 
bruised on the hip, and Ribs ; he is on a Crutch, I am a reed shaken 
with the wind ! God is with me ! we have Travelled about 1500 miles, 
incredibly bad romh^ hrai^ droughty Ihint, Wesley Bond made himself 
merry, at the thought of riding Eight or 9 miles per day when driving 
9 days I Tlie pleasure we felt in disposing of the sacred goodneas of 
the Bible Society. It was from pike U) pike^ from house to hou»e. A 
venerable mother; her person put me in mind, (r^f oiir dear Friend, and 
mother Potts, of Coventry. Long since gone to her Eternal rest and 
reward !) The aged Mother we gave a Testitmcnt to, could not hida, 
but confessed her daughter sometime past wished a book of G^xi to read. 
Oh the gratitude of the receiver ! Oh the joy, felt by handing to these 
precious souls; the pure Truth of GcmI, sown by the way side, it shall 
spring up. A respectable couple at another Gate newly at housekeeping; 
were poor without the Treasun^ of the word of God. The Brethern in 
the Ohio Conference could only receive 2 Testaments per share, when 
they, find the Brethern of Tennessee, wouM have handed Ten: Yes my 
Friend^ to the extremities OAio, Kerttuciy, Illinois, Tennestee, Afhsimppi 
and all the western country. The books handed to the Philadelphia 
Conference, and sent to their western Brethern; the goodness of the 
female Bible Society, shall be duly honoured, and sent into solitary 


Notes and Queries. 

places, where few familiee, have any copies of the Orielea of OodJ I 
conclude should there be a diepoeition to tend hundreds to our western 
Conferences, no men are more willing, or in «nch preparation, as our 
travelling preachers to have Book«. We aay, know ye a spot where the 
Gcflpel is not preached, in the United States tell us and we will send 
soon Missionariee there. I recomniend the Societies to ticket their 
hook!^. Perhaps some will say it is a Political trick; others will say, 
the books came across the Atlantic. I presume the Devile and the 
DieBts, are not a Little vexed that the word of Truth prevails. If a 
man shall ^ain greatly by printing the Bible, **0h it is* a money getting 
thing'* says the infidel. If a number of Christians of many Denomina- 
tions unite- — oh there is some Ptilitical CraR; but wisdom is* Justitied 
of ber Children. I should be pleiistHJ that the number of members, of 
the Bible Scuiety of different religiouH communities, was given in Maas; 
upon the Ticket. Amen, Dear Thomas be ye faithful, be ye diligent, 
be ye holy, Onr felicity was honoured to carry 100 Testaments from 
Cincinati to Logan County in Kenturky, to Tennessee Conference, 3Q0 
miles, and many carried them three and f>00 miles from thence. We 
are very near perpetual motion in our Felicity, We shall if we ride 
5000 mile8» call for new wheels, and under work next Fall, I have 
bought another horse 60 dollars, how will that comport w*ith 100 per 
year and 8 and 6 dollars and 25 hours Tavern Bills. But the Earth \a 
the Lord's and the fulness there oJTf My Christian salutation to all 
that ask after me. Dear Michael he fell i^ir me, 1 fell for him. It 
seemed to me he was near to Death, or Death near to him. Oh may I 
live, to see the [torn] and smd keep silenee. pray we mightily posstbly 
we may be hidden in the Day of adversityl I only and I continue to do 
Something like preachings when we have an opportunity; but 1 shall 
depend upon riding 200 miles a week. As to Conferences, I only 
direct the men, the courses*. John Sale presided in the Ohio Con* 
ferenre by my appointment, and asking our pardon, I think be 
made out abundantly better that I could at best, nor could the 
Bishop have done better; is my opinion. The help of the presiding 
Elder is grejit; we have a great work to appoint and Govern 5.H 
men, our Eije^, Kar^^ MoutM, Hands and Fkti. Farewell, aa ever 

to thee and thine. ^ ^ 

F, AfiBURY. 

Extracts from the Appraihement of the Estate of Lbtitia 
Aubrey, ** late of Christ Church, Spittlefields in the County 
OF Middlesex wioow deceased/' 1746.^ 

In the G arret t, 

A Bedstead, 4 old Curtains & Eods, 

Feather bed. Bolster & one pillow, 

4 Blankets^ 2 old Quilts 4 Linsey Curtains, 

2 Arm Chnirs, Cushion & Hair Line, 

A Grate, a Horse for Cloths, Ironing Board, 

2 Trays, 1 stool, a press & old Bottles. 

In the Rofrm two pair of tifaire Back ward, 

4 Bedstead with blue Linsey FurnTture, a 
Featherbed Bolster, two pillows, 3 Blanketw, 

Noles atid Queries. 


a Quilt, a pair of Window CurUinB, 

A eqoare Table, a flap Table, 2 Cane Chairs 

and a small Looking Glass, 

In the Stair Oaie, Om pair qf Stair$, 
Three Dratighta of Printe, 

Boom one pair qf Stain backward , and Ba&ks, 

A small Stove compleat, 

Brass Arms, pair of Bellows, 2 Cane ChaifH and OuHluoiiBy 

A Japan Corner Cupboard, 

A flap Table, 

An India Cabinet, and 2 Shew Olaaaea with CurioHities, 

70 pieces of China, some cracked, flome Delf, 3 China PiaheH, 

A Desk & 8 prints, 

6 Jelly Glasses, a Water & flower Ditto,, 

A large Family Bible, 

A blue Turkey Leather Ditto., 

A Bible with Maps, 

A Dictionary, 2 small Bibles, 

A Couch Squab & Cover. 

In the fore I\irlour. 

A Stove, Tongs, Shovel, poker, Chimney Hooks h Bnisb, 

Chimney ObisH and Braea Arms, Sconce h Brass Arms, 

An Eight Day Clock and Ctise, 

A Mahogany Table, a Te^ Table, a weather Glass, 

4 Walnut Tree Chaim 2 Elbow Ditto., 

A pair Harrateen Curtains and Squabs, 

2 Window Blinds, a small Turkey Carpet, a Kidderminster Do», 

Green Table Cover, an old Carpet 2 pieces floor Cloth, 

8 China Dishes & a small Bowl, 

14 blue and white plates 4 Coffee Cups, 8 Saucers, 

6 Glass Decanl^rs, 7 Tumblers, & a Rummer, 

2 Cruets, 8 Wine Glasses, a Water Glass, 2 Bottle Boards, 

2 Japan Candlesticks, 18 Delf plates & a Brass IxK^k, 

A Cistern. 

In the Back Parhur, 

A stove com pleat and Chimney Hooks, 

Chimney Glass & Brass Arms, 

Coat of Arms 1 Draught, 1 print, 

A Japan CV»rner Cupboard & small Tea Table, 

A Dutch Tjible, an India Waiter tk Cbflee Mill, 

4 Walnut Tree Chairs 3 p*8 floor Cloth, 

Small Mahogany Table, A Tea pol, 

51 p' of China & Delf uf various kinds, 

A broken Tea Board Waiter and Sugar Dish, 

A Spice Box, A pair of Blue Curtains. 


Notes and Queries, 

In the pauagt, 
A gla»s Lanthorae, a Bell, ft hair Cloth & 5 Maps. 

In the Gardm. 
A Boiling 8toiie & Freame. 

IntheKUcAtn, VauU tt Area, 

A Kange Grate, fender Shovel Tonga, poker, 
Crane and two Hooks, 

A Kettle and Grid iron, Plate Warmer A Pig Iron, 
Cmder Shovel, 1 Iron Candle Stick, 2 Flesh Forks, 

2 Meat Scares, Stake Tongs, Chopper & Cleaver, 

3 Box Irons, 3 Standa 6 Heaters, 
A wind up Jack, compleat, 

3 Spite an Iron Frame for a dripping pan, 

2 pair of Spit Rackn, Bird Spit, Bellows & 5 Chain, 

a pair of Brass Caudle^^ticka 3 flat Ditto., 

1 Skimmer Ladle and Spoon, 

A BrHnsi Warming i>an & Iron, a pewter Cullender, 
A Stew pan and cover, a Copper pottage pot & Cover, 
A Bras8 Kettle, a Dish Kettle A Copper Sauce pan, 

2 brass Saucepans, CofTee pot Sl Drinking pot, 

A Sliding Candlestick, a bell & small Looking Glass, 

A Spice Box and Skreen, 

12 Agate handle Knives and Forks, 

6 Ivory handle Knives and Forks, 

5 old Ditto., 

Brass frying pan, 5 washing Tubs, a Water Tub and Stand, 4 pailsi 2 

brass cocks, Bryshes & Mopa, 
2 Tables, 2 large pottage pots, 2 Cheese plates. 

ih the Wash house. 

A Brass Kettle, Iron Work & Shovel, 

Iron Stand & Chafing Di^jh, 

A phite Rack A Bottles, 

A HiiitLll pair of Scales, Brass Weights, a pestle & Mortar, 

Deal Ironing BcHird 4 hIooIh, Table and Hanging she It 

Safe, Bread Tub <fe Cover, 

2 Coal Tubs and some Earthen Ware. 

Invetitory a/ Plate, 

one Sauce pan, a porringer, 

2 Candlesticks, snuflers & stand, 

1 Punch Ladle, 

2 Salts, 1 punch strainer, 
6 Spoons, 1 Silver pur»e, Spring & Hook, 
1 Milk pot, 3 Casters, 1 Hand Candlestick, 

1 porringer, I Soop Ladle, 1 Skimmer, 

2 Wax Candlesticks, 1 Tea Canister, 1 Spoon Boat, 

Notes and Queries. 


1 Child's Saucepan, 2 Salts, 1 Extinguisher, 
1 SciaaiLTB Chaia & Sciasars Case, 
1 Bobhiu Caae and Thimble, 
1 Bnaff Box, 8 Teaspoong, Tongs & Strainer, 
1 Nutmeg Grater, 2 lokhornM, Silver Clasp, 
1 Silver purse Spring, 1 silver Wulch hook, 
1 Bodkin & Silver pencil, 
14 Medals & Coins, 

Weighing altogether 240 Ouueea* 

Sci^erai Gold Tby* dt pUeei^ vix: 

1 Gold Box, 

1 pincushion Hoop & Chain, 

1 Mourning Kings, 6 pieces of Gold Coin, 

1 Gold Toy and Mash'd Mouth bead, 

6 Shell spoons set in ailver, 

1 Black Velvet purse, 5 purses, 

1 Ivory Rule, 2 Ivory Snuif Boxes, 
3 Cases of Instruments, 

2 pair of Spectacles in a Casep 
a blood stone, 

A parcel of Beads. 

To this is added a liat of the Furniture left to Miaa Christiana Gulielma 

A Bed sted with red Carnblet Furniture, 

A pair of Bellown and Brush, 2 Cane Chairi, 

with Cushions and 2 stools, 

Two Uliv*' Woml Tables, 

Two Walnut Tree Chest of Drawers, 

A Glasa Book Case 2 powder Boxes a dressing Box and Stand, 

Two pair of Window Curtains & Rods, 

An old ye!low Silk Quilt, 

An Iron fender & some crackM Earthen Ware, 

Two Elbow Chairs stuft'd Backs and Cushions, 

one pair of Camblet Window Curtains, 

Some of the Silver Pi*ate of Thomas Penn, — 
My Plate to be sent to England, T. Penn, Aug* 28, 1763, 

1 pair of low candlesticks for a writing table, 

1 pair of snial !>", 

2 old Square salts with my Crest, 
A silver pig tail box, 

A silver beaker, 

A small nutmeg grater, 

A silver peak for a saddle, 

I laige sauoe pan, 

1 small d*, 

1 Gilt Challice, 


Notes and Queries. 

4 Table »poons with ray Crest, 

2 larger d'' marked T. P., 

I Teapot, 

1 silver plate, — the plate has your Fathere Arms 

engraved upun it, therefore I do 

not send it. 

[The list is in the writing of Thomas Penn. The note after the last 

item IB written by Gov. John Penn, 

8€iiNEiDF.R^McGiNLEy,— Chrirles McGinley, l>orn Dec. 25, 1753; 
die<l Jan. 27, 1845. Mary Schneider, his wife, born Jan. 10, 177S; 
died July 17, 1856. Children: (I) Elizabeth, born Sept, 4, 1796; 

married Jones. (2) John, boru Juno 30, 1798; died Apr. 3, 1847, 

(3) Catherine, horn Feb, 13, 1800; died Nov. 5, 1878; married, as hU 
second wife, Benjamin Parker. (4) Thomas, born Dec, 4, 1801. (5) 

Nancy, born Mar. 12, 180r>; married McNutt, (6) Sarah, bom 

Aug/2, 1807; married Roberta. (7) Peter, horn July 2, 1809. 

(8) Mary, born June l>t, 1813; married Ist, — — Overton, 2nd, 

Edgar. (9) Louisa, born July 24, 1816; married Julv 24^ 

1816; died Nov. 27, 1862. 

Charles McGinlcy aiid his family removed from Northumberland 
County, Penna., to the town of Manchester, Ontario C^., N. Y., 
after 1800. As Mary Bchneider was twenty years younger than her 
btisband, it hjoks as if it was a second marriage on his side. Wanted, 
any information about Charles McGinley and Mary Schneider and their 

Mitt^, Natalie H. Fernald, 

217 W. UticaSt,, Buffalo, N. Y. 

BooxE, — ^Wanted, to learn the whereabouts of descent hints of a Ben- 
jamin Boone (wife Elanor), w!io hou^dit land in Northumberland 
County, 1784, A brother, Samuel Boone, died there in 1811, Wife, 
Eve or Eva; children, James, Samuel, Benjamin, Rachel, and Sa- 

M. J. Roe, 

Piainfield, N.J, 


Univkiv^ity of Pennsylvakia is Pkeparing a Catalogue to eon- 
tain all of the graduates and non-graduate matriculates of llielTDiversity, 
We append a list of the Medical gniduates of whom the com mi I tee haii 
no information. Our readers will lighten not a little the difficult labors 
of the tommittHe in collecting data of these graduates, if they send at 
ouce wlmtever information they may have to Dr. Ewing Jordan, 1510 
Walnut St., Philadelphia. 

Information is especially desired as to full name, parents' names, full 
date and place of birth and of death, if married, wife's name, academic 
degrees received, prominent positions held, and any printed reference to 
the men named. 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^Tfoies and Queries. ^^^^M 


(^ledical). ^1 

^^^^^liBon, Hugh Lee, S. C. 

Marbhall, John G., Pa. ^^M 

^M Alison, Robert, Pa. 

Maxwell, John G., Del. ^^1 

^M Ay res, David J,, Ky. 

Miller, Warwick P., District of ^H 

^H B^dinger, Benjamin Franklin, Ky 

Columbia. ^^^| 

^M Booth", Mordecai C, Va. 

Minge, John, Va. ^^^Ii 

■ Bouldin, Robert K, Va. 

Moseley. William, Va. ^^M 

■ Boyl&tan, Henry, S. C. 

Moultrie, Wiiliam L., S. C. ^^H 

■ Bradford, Harvey, Ky^. 

Murray, Alfred, Va. ^^H 

^1 Burden, Jesse R, Pa. 

Patterson, John H., Va, ^^M 

■ Bush, G. B. L.,Ga. 

Price, James P , Pa. ^H 

■ Cader, Robert Wonneley, Va* 

Pu^kett, Samuel M., Ky. ^^H 

^H Chri^tinn, Rkhard Asbury, Va. 

Purnell, Chesed., Md. ^^1 

^M Connell, Tbomfw H,, Pa/ 

Purnell, John Robins, MJ. ^^^| 

■ a>ok, Joseph H., N. J. 

Rankin, William, Pa. ^^M 

^H Cosby, James J., Im. 

Re<llield, Chandler, Pa. ^^M 

^M Curd, Edward, Va. 

Richmoitd, Frederick, N. J. ^^H 

^B Dftvie«, Henry Landon, Va. 

Rives, Thomas P., Va. ^^H 

■ Davb, William. Va. 

Rucker, William R., Tenn. ^^M 

^H DeGraflenried, Edmn L,, Va. 

8evmour, Hugh G., Va. ^^M 

■ Dingee, Oh:idinh M., Pa. 

8haq), William McDowell, Pa. ^^B 

■ Eggleston, Dick H., Va. 

Simpson, John Well», S. C. ^^H 

^m Fr>ntaine, WilHfuii P., Va. 

Smith, John a, N. 0. ^H 

■ Ford, Edward M., Va. 

8micli, J. Russell, Pa. ^^B 

^H Ford, Stirbiijus Va. 

Smiw, Frii^by FL, Pa. ^^H 

^V Garnett, Augustus Henry, Va. 

Sortlen, Samuel, I>el. ^^H 

■ Galling, John S., N. C/ 

Spragins, John D., Va. ^^H 

■ Gooch, William R, Va. 

Sykes, William A., Va. ^H 

H Hamilton, Biimuel N., B. C. 

Thomas, William H., Md. ^^H 

■ Harrison, John P., Ky. 

Trenor, John, Pa. ^^H 

■ Hiil, James P,, Va. 

Trimble, Cyrus W., Ohio. ^^H 

■ Hinton, Robert. N, C. 

Urqnhart, Charles, Va, ^^H 

■ Holt, David, Gn, 

Wallace, James West wood Mason, ^^H 

■ Klingle, George F., Pa. 


^M Lane, Hardage, Ko. 

Warheld, Charles Worthington, ^Hl 

^m La Rue, Oei»rge, Canada. 


^M Ligon, John T., Va. 

Weeks, Jarnes^ Va, ^^H 

^M Ligon, Littleherry N., Va, 

Wheatley, James, Va. ^^1 

^m McConnrll, Benjamin Rush, Pa, 

Wi1U:ox, Edward, Va. ^Hl 

■ McOf«kry, Charlea N., Pa. 

Williams, Mortimer D., Va. ^^| 

^1 Macrae, James W. F., Va. 

Wright, Abednego, Ga. ^^| 

H 1820 

(Medical). ^^M 

H Anderson, Richard, 8. C. 

Browne, Joseph, Mo. ^^| 

^M Archer. Peter Feild, Va. 

Buchanan, WMHiam Furlow, Ga. ^^^| 

^H Armstrong, Robert L., S. C, 

Burrnugh, Marmaduke, N, J, ^^^| 

^^^ Atkina, Dudley. Mass. 

Clarke, Robert J. or L, Pa. ^^M 

^^H Atlee, Jolm Li^bt, Pa. 

Clarke, William, Ky. ^H 

^^^ Bailev, Otway L., Va, 

Corhin, Garwin I^ane, Va, ^^^| 

^H Bonner, Andrew, S. 0. 

Outhbert, George, S, C. ^^H 

^H Boyd, John Camp, Ky. 

Davis, lAaac, Pa. ^^H 

^M Branch, LeRoy, Va. 

Dew, William, Va. ^H 


Notes and Querimm. 

Eldridge, AHM, V*. 
EUiott, Jiihn, PiL 
£ngli«b| Jereftitaii Smttb, N, J. 
Finch. WlUinm H., Va. 
Flanner, Thottij», Ohio. 
Given, John HUjcIc, Pa. 
Ooldaborough, Frmncis H.^ Md. 
Oooci«, Thnmas JfifenMMi, Vm. 
Gfi^y^, Dnni«l De SftUAun^ 8. 
Greene, Gijorge. K. J. 
Grigg, John RyUnd, Pm, 
Gunnel I, JaniM Samuel, Va, 
ItAtntlton, Tbaauui^ Gr. 
JoneH, (tnntttvus Viha, V*. 
Joni*«i, WiJliani, Va. 
Ia Rochi% Rcnt% Pa. 
McOftll, Alojtandrf, Tenil. 
McCallnioul, John, DcL 
MHhon. David Nelson, Pil 
May, Janie*^, Va. 
Nash, Abner, Va. 
Onlere. Job Oaskill, Pa. 
Paxton, Jahn, Pa. 

Prie!«, Jooaihaa Daviit^ 
B00M, 8usoel P., Pa. 
Uebmr^MA, Jolui C. Va ^ 
Richmnlacin, Bnberl Prior, Vi 
ftdMv Jaccib SerrieCv Pa 
ScoO, Wtlltiun fiakor, Va 
Sempld, JoiiQ Tjler, Va., 
Bbell, Turner, Va. 
a Shlvr St., 

Sfeerr briatia, 1 

dpi Her, tieurgc^ AugtiBt«i%^ 
Stewnrt, WllliamCbaiiipiira, 
Wait ^1Mmb,»w. 

yffm\ ^aimel WaHer 

\v , M.Ttaa 

\\ . ailowaj. Pi 

White, WilliatQ Chapmaa, T^ 
Wi)U«iita« Iaauic» Va. 
William&on. Ptnll^ D^^^rMgi 
Wither*, I v», 


JSoolt Dottcce. 

Tlia Moituid Family of PniLAhKU'HiA* T>imvKSt*X3rtn 
THONY MoREts, BoRN 15M-1721 Died. Bj liolteri 
M.D., Philaddpbia, 1908. VoIb, it and r. Illtiatratcd. 

Thp i»ubliealion of thwKy additional rctcorcli of Ihe Morria 
Philadelphia Im due t<j the fact that much important data atH 
ttons could not be tnrludod in the three original vnlutxiest of 
history publii^lved in 18*J8. They are now colle^tcil trigc^er in i 
BUpplemcntiiry volumes, which alaij include new detailed and vario 
foriMfttron relatinjc to the early history of the family. The hirthtk d^ 
and marriages which have occurred in the family sirtce 1808 ar« ali 
corded. An intercAting feature of the work is the wealth of iflttatJitj 
which coinprim? facdmiles of original documents^ portraita^tbe btt 
anti«|ue furniture, silver, glaaa, and other family relics, in the powM 
of the deftcendnnta of Anthony Morria. Dr, Mo*m caim't * Ita 

highly for \\\^ authoritative and Dionumental work; t<i t}j> it 

be indi?*pensable, and as a contribution to local g^nealog^y u in mi 
able. A very full general index, and index of names, will be 
helpful. Typographically the volumes are very attractiTe. 

John REmNOTON of Topsfield, Massachubbtts, ats^d Some 

Desckndantb, with Notes of the Wales Family. 

Delia M. Redingtou Carter. Edited bv Josiah Grajiville 

LL.B. Boston, 1^9. 8vo, pp, 86. IlluBtmied. 

Genealogical workB have a singular attraction, for by I hem 

enabled to come close to the actual life, the labors, and the wit 

Notes and Queries, 


our aiiC8star$. Tbe data collected of John Reddington and some of his 
descendants, with notes on the Wales family, will interest their descend- 
ants, and the good taste displayed in the arrangement is commendable. 
Typographically, the volame is in every way pleasing. 

Oeorob Washixoton — Statement of RtciiARD Parkinson [Lin- 
colnshire Farmer], By Alfred J. Morrison, The Lord Baltinjore 
Press, 1909. pp. 38. 

Richard Parkinson, the scientific farmer of Lincolnshire, Englandf 
and the author of several worka on Farming, made a tour in America 
in 1798» and visited Washington at Mount Vernon. He was among the 
first foreigners to print a general dralike to this country and to warn im- 
migrants off. However^ he met with much kindneas here, and is not 
chary in admiration of individuals. His impressions of Washington 
are perhaps all the more interesting from the fact of his disappointment 
in the capabilities of the latter's River Farm, as it appeared; but time 
proved that the English scientific farmer was wrong. What astonished 
Parkinaon was Washington's exact justice and scrupulous habiU of 

The Romance of Amsbioan Exi^ansion. ByH. Addingion Bruce. 
H New York, Moffat, Yard Jt Co., 1909. 8vo. pp. 246, Illustrated. 
^H Price $1.75 net, 

^H The aim of this volume is to give a brief, yet sufficiently compre- 
^Biensive history, of the territorial growth of the United States. In every 
f stage of the growth of the country » there has been some dominant, cen- 
tral figure playing a leading r61e in determining the progress made. Mr. 
Bruce takes eight famous historical personages — Daniel Boone, Thomas 
Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Sam. Houston, Thomas H. Benton, John 
C. Fremont, William H, Seward, and William McKinley — and, inter- 
weaving their personal achievements with a more general account of the 
events in which they participated, gives the story of expansion in a form 
that mak*^ it of the liveliest interest to the general reader and of great 
helpfulness to the student. From beginning to end, there ij* little to re- 
gret and much to admire, in the story of American expansion. The 
book is baaed upon exhaustive research, contains much valuable in- 
formation not elsewhere brought together, and the closing chapter con- 
tains a critical bibliography, for those who de»ire to make a more de* 
tailed study of the different acquisitions. 

A CoLLEcnoN OF Papers Reap before the Bucks Coontt His- 
torical Society. Vols, 11., III. Published for the Sodety by 
B. F. Fackenthal, Jr. 1909. Illustrate*!, 

A few months ago we welcomed tlie publication of the fin^t volume of 
historical papers read before this Society, and now the second and third 
volumes have been issued. Taken together, they comprehend a most 
valuable contribution to the hiatoryi archeology, and genealogy of 
Bucks County, the writers being the foremost authorities in their chosen 
fields. It it quite safe to predict that they will meet with a ready sale. 
The text is generously illustrated, the tpye and paper good, and the 
binding neat and substantial. For copies address the Society, at 


Notes and QiLerie9. 

. i 

Thb Pehnsylvajiia Federation of Historical Societikb, Acrre 
AKD Proceedings, Harrisbitrg. 1909, 8vo, pp. 46. 

In addition to the very fdl report of the fourth ariniial meeting, the 
Secretary, Dr. Heilman, has prepiired a list of the publications issued 
during the year by the societies compoeing the Federation, whi< h will 
be helpful to librarians. 

Annual Proceedings Pennsylvania Society, Son8 of the Revo- 
lution, 1908-1909, Edited by Ethan Allen Weaver, Secretary. 
Philadelphia, 1909. 8vo, pp. 84. Illustrated. 

This attractive Year Book contAins, in addition to the proceedings of 
the twenty-firet annual meetings an historical sketch of St, Petere P. E. 
Church, by Charles Henry Jones, and the annual Bermon preached 
before the Society by the Rev. Nathiiniel 8. Thomas. The Necrological 
Roll for the year hasi been prepareil with great care, and the illustrations 
comprise interior views of St. Peter;* Church; facsimile in colors of the 
Valley Forge banner ; and the equestrian statue of (reneral Anthony 
Wayne, erected by the Commonwealth of Penn»ylvanta at Valley Forge, 
at the dedication of which the Society participated. 

Publications of the American Jewish Hlstorical SociETTt 1009. 
No, 18. 8vo, pp. 245, 

The present annual is made up in the main of papers presented to 
the meetings of the Society at Newport, R. !., and in New York City. 
It also contains three papers, ''The Early History of the Jews in New 
York, 1654-1<j64/' by Samuel Oppenheim ; ^*fhe Jews' Tribute in 
Jamairo," by George Fortunatus Judah ; '*A Memorial of Jews to 
Parliament concerning Jewbh Participation in Colonial Trade. U59G/* 
by Max J. Kohler, A.M., LL.B,, which were presented at the meeting 
held in Philadelphia in February of 1909. The other papers are : 
** A Burial Place for the Jewish Nation Forever,'* by Rosalie S, Phillip* ; 
"Notes on the History of the Jews in Barbados,*' by N. Darnell Dairi«, 
C.M.Q. ; ** Notes on the History of the Jews in Surinam/' by Rev. P. 
A, Hilfman. 

The Development of Hungarian Constitutional Liberty* By 
C^jnut Julius Andraaey. (Translated from the Hungarian by O, 
Arthur and Ilona Ginever) London, 1908. 8vo, pp. 462. Re- 
ceived from Emil Zerkowitz, Hungarian Commercial CounciUor, 
49 Exchange Place, New York. 

This volume is only part of the b<x>k projected by the author^ dealing 
with the preservation and development of Hungarian constitutional 
liberty. It treats of the fieriod from the entry of the Hungarians 
into the country now known as Hungary, say 89d, down to the reign of 
Matthias II, \n 1619. Hungary has been so much to the front in recent 
years that this work of Count AndrAssy, the present Minister of the In- 
terior, and a son of the late C^unt Julius Andriissy, the Austro- Hun- 
garian Mini.Hter of Foreign Affairs, which contains much reliable infor- 
mation, will be valuable for the .American public. 

Officers of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 513 




presi dent. 
Hon. Samuel Whitaker Pennypacker. 

honorary vice-presidents. 
Hon. Craig Biddle, Henry C. Lea. 

Hon. James T. Mitchell, George Harrison Fisher, 

Hon. Charlemagne Tower, Hon. Hampton L. Carson, 

William Brooke Rawle, John Frederick Lewis. 

recording secretary. 
Thomas Willing Bal(». 


corresponding secretary. 
John Bach McMaster. 

Francis Howard Williams. 


Richard McCall Cadwaladkb. 
VOL. XXXIII. — 88 

I ■'• 








^< . 


514 Officers of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 


Gregory B. Keen. 

John W. Jordan. 

assistant librarian. 
Ernest Spofford. 

assistant librarian, in charge of manu8cript8. 

J. C. Wylik. 


J. Granville Leach. 


John C. Browne, Samuel Castner, Jr., 

William H. Lambert, Edward Robins, 

Charles Morton Smith, Israel W. Morris, 

Simon Gratz, John T. Morris, 

William Drayton, Hon. William P. Potter, 

Hon. William Potter, Edward S. Sayres. 

The Council of the Society is composed of the President, Vice- 
Presidents, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, Treasurer, 
Auditor, and the twelve Councillors. Hon. James T. Mitchell is Presi- 
dent, and Gregory B. Keen is Secretary of the Council. 




trustees of the publication fund. 

Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, Hon. James T. Mitchei^i., 

Simon Gratz. 

(John W. Jordan, Editor of Publications.) 

Officers of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 515 

trustees of the binding fund. 

Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, Hon. James T. Mitchell, 

Simon Gratz. 

trustees of the library fund. 
Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, John Bach McMastbr, 

Grbqory B. Keen. 

trustees of the oilpin library. 
Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, George Harrison Fisher, 

William Brooke Rawle, Simon Gratz, 

Hon. James T. Mitchell. 

trustees of the endowment fund and the 
miscellaneous trusts funds. 

Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, Hon. Hampton L. Carson, 

Richard M. Cadwalader. 

trustees of the ferdinand j. dreer col- 
lection of manuscripts. 

Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, William Brooke Rawle, 

Hon. Hampton L. Carson, Gregory B. Keen, 

Edwin Greblb Dreer. 

trustees of the pennsylvania historical 
study encouragement fund. 

Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, William Brooke R^wle^ 

Gregory B. Keen. 

trustees of the building fund. 

Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, William Brooke Rawle, 

John F. Lewis. 



«i:ATfa> ■Kffri'JWQS. 

a«BiWT 111. IPJii Mi^r », 1910. 

ii i4. IPIV. J^owmber 14. IR 

Jmarr ». 1911. 

Anna: ■Mmi«iAi|« t 5.4 

Idfir ■iMkiiiriiij M».< 

PnlOioBtian Fmd. lifr ai^waaptioii 25. < 

mi l i'ii e !i> tr ibr PnhliattiaD Fund ) S.( 

i>r]iMn» mar k« niadr «► tbr Omssir sx ibr Hall, ISC 



I of TAlue In genealofffciil rosMrch ure printed In CAPITALH', nafce^ ol 
places tnfioflefO 

Able, Jacob, 484 

Academy of PhLLflilelpMat beqaest of 
William ParaoDB to poor ■cholan 
ot B43 

Act relating to the Peaa title In 
DelawBire, i09 

Albacb, Catberine, 487 

Albacb, EUzabfth Margaret, 4S6 

Alien. A., 433 

AU«!n, DATtd, 405 

AIU«on, SamueL sonteoced Uy Court 
Martial, 400 

AUummapees. or Saaaoooaa, a Dela- 
ware King, 249 

Alrlcke, Jacob, Director General of 
New Amaterdam* 18 

American China, bill for, 253 

Amaterdamt merchants of at out 
TGssela for America, 3 

Andrews. Mary Raymond S., opinion 
of as to wben and wbere Llncoln^a 
Gettysburg Address was wrlttan. 
nSG ; statements of, refuted, 3t>8 

Angel. CoL larneK 267 

Anifnj/ra village and lake« description 
of. 299: mentioned. 413 

Apply. Evan, sentenced by Court Mar- 
tial, 267 

Appraisement of a Negro Slare, 17&2. 

Archibald. E. C, 8S1 

Armand. Col. Charles, corps of, com- 
munded by Major Lomagne, 3&3 

ARNOLD. Gottfried. 843 

Arnold, Isaac N.. opinion of, as to 
when and where Lincoln's Gettys- 
burg Address was written. 3S6 ; 
f)uoted regarding same, 392 

Arnold, Margaret Sfalppeo. query re- 
garding. 381 

Asbury. Rer. F. to Rev. Thomas 
HaBkina, 508 

Aiisorlated Press reports of Lincoln's 
Gettysburg Address. 304, S90 

Aubrey, Letltla. extracts from ap^ 
praisement of the estate of, 504 

Aubrey. WUllam. to Jame« Steel, 36S 

Ayres. Capt* of the ship " Polly/' sent 
to Philadelphia with ten^ 324, 326 

Baker, Edward, sentenced by Court 

Martial. 267 
Baker, George William. 470 
Baker, , murder of Indians by, 

434, 435 
Banks, Thomas, sentenced by Court 

Martial. 4m 
Barber, Lleut.-CoL Frnncts. 2^3 
BARCLAY, David, 379 
Barclay, David, contrlbntlon of to 

Penuaylvanla Hospital, 4G2 
llnrkley. Gilbert, 323, S24 
Bates. Samuel P., quoted regarding 

Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, 392 
Bentty, Capt. Ercurius, appointed 

agent for the Paymaster-General. 

1784, 357 
Bechtel, John, Rev. Abraham Relucke 

entertained by, 99 
Becker. Elisabeth, 488 
Belt, Emma B., Bible Records of Col. 

William Edmonds contributed by, 

BeuDcr, Johannes, 476 
BBNNETT, 377-379 
Bennett -8 bock ley Genealogical Notes, 

Berry. Capt.. 314 
Bersant, Samuel, 315 
Bess. Simon Jacob, 490 
Bethtthem, Moravian colony at, 281« 

235 ; first fire engine for, brought 

over In the *' Hope," 248; meeting 

at, 1702, 248 
Betts, Johao Frederick. 486 
Betts, Margaret, 485 
Blridle. CoL Clement, Letters of George 

Washington to, 118: mentioned, 

8»0, 468. 470 
Blddle, Ed.. 452 
Birch, Wmiam, 478 
Blackfan, Ed.. 310, 313, 315 
Biackwell, Capt John. William Penn 

to Sll ; WUllam Penn writes re- 
garding salary of, 316 
Boehnisch, George. 0rst Moravian to 

come to America, 1784, 228 
Boltcnfeld. John Justice, 485 
Book Notices, 124. 256, 383, 510 



BOONE, 508 

Boston, Tort BUI, 432, 435, 436, 438; 
Thomas Wharton writes of affairs 
In, 1774, 441. 442. 447, 452 

Bouquet* Col. Henry, Selections from 
the MilUarj CorrespoDdeoce of, 
1756-1764, bjr Helen Jordan, 102, 
216 ; Instructions for Kdward 
Shlppen from, 102; to CoL James 
Burd, 103, IM, 114, 216, 218, 220, 
221. 225; to Edward Shlppen, 107, 
108. 111-113, 115, 217 J to lUchard 
reters, 109, 216, 224, 226; Orders 
given hj at Fort Bedford, 222 ; to 
Capt. George Scblosser, 222 ; to I 
Thomas Foster, 226 

Bowen, Major Thomas H., appointed 
agent for the Paymaster^General, 
1784, 357 

Bowman, Col. Abraham, 405 

Boyd, Lieut Tbomas, killed bj In- 
diana, September 13, 1770, 300, 801, 
410 1 Toast to memory of. 417 ; 
mentioned, 281. 420 

Brandon, Alexander, sentenced by 
Court Martini, 400 

Breadbaitr, Julmnn Casper, 476 

Breadley, Margery, 487 

Brcaknerk HiU. 140, 421 

Brewer, «cc Bnien 

Erey, Anna Juliana. 490 

Brian, Archibald. 488 

Brlce, Lleut.-Col, John, 134 

BrlBtow, John, 426 

Broad & Cherry Streets Hospital, 
reply to query regarding S. K. B,, 

Brondley, Margery, 483 

Brock den. Charles, 99 

Brooks, Koah, opInUm of as to when 
and where Lincoln's Gettysburg 
Address was written, 388 

Brown, Samuel. 470 

Brown, — . 457 

Briien, CoL Bryan seta off to Congress 
with Qeiount of snccess of the 
Western Expedition, 420 

Bryan, Heriry. sentenced by Court 
Martial, 274 

Bryan. Joshua, sentenced by Court 
Martial. 267 

Bitrkers* Thomas, 470 

Btidd, Thomas, 311 

Buford, Major Abraham, 200 

Bull, Col. John, 129 

Bull, John Jacob. 481 

Burchnrdt, Major Daniel, Gen. Edward 
Hand to, 3ri3 ; orders for march to 
Wyoming, 353 ; Gen. Hand writes 
to Col. Butler regarding march of 
to Wyoming, 854-359 

Burd, CoL James, Gen, John B'orbes 
to. 95 ; CoL Henry Bouquet to, 103, 
105, 114, 216, 218, 220, 221, 225 

Burk, John, 4(K) 

Burke, Lerl, 477 

Burn, Mary, 401 

Burney, Peter, sentenced by Cotirt 
Martial, 462 

Bush, Capt. George, to Gen. Edward 
Hand, 355 ; mentioned, 185, 145* 

Bush, Major Lewis, 274 

Bnsh, Matthias, 442 

Butler. Col. William, 268, 282, 283, 
288. 418 

Bntler. Col. Zcbulon In command of 
Fort at Wyoming. 133: Gen, Ed- 
ward Hand to, 354 : mentioned* 853 

Bybrleker, John, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 459 

Byrd, Major, 265 

Cadell, Tbomas, to Tbomai Wbartoo^ 

Cake, Philip, 48S 
CaldwelU Arthur, 485 
Caldwell, William, 470 

Caldwell, ■ , 418 

Caleugb, , 469 

Cameron, Hon. Simon, 380 
Campbell, John. 443 

Campbell, Major . 273 

Vandai, description of, 2^ ; meat- 

loneci, 414 
Cander, 8sban, 470 
Cnnn, Jo . 426 
Vnpfi Henlopen, nnmed "Cornelius** 

by Capt, Msy, 3 ; mentioned, 9 
Cape M&if, named by Cnpt. May, S 
Carbery, Capt. Henry, wounded Aug. 

13, 1779, 146 
Carpenter, Samuel, William Penti to, 

Carr, Clark E. opinion of regarding 

Lincoln's Gcttyeburg Address. 397 
Carr, DsTld. 485 
Carson, Hon, Hampton L., Dutch and 

Swedish Settlements on the Dela* 

ware, by, 1 
*' Catherine.*' Mormrlan Immigrant 

ship, purchased In London, 230 ; list 

of colonists on, 1742, 230 ; sold, 231 
Caiherine Totcn, description of, 292, 

293; mentioned. 288, 200, 201, 415 
CQjfuo^ Lakt, description of, 293 ; 

mentioned. 415 
Centenary of Abraham Lincoln's btrttk 

observed by The Historical Sodetjr 

of Penna., 385, 406 
Chambers, CoL James. 27S 



Chnndler, Mary, 430 
Chemnng, town of, UlEen by MaJ.- 
Geo. 8ulllv&n» 143, 144; mentlooeil, 

284, 265, 419 

€hukunut, 2Sl 

Clark, WlUiam, 42d 

Claypoole. James, S05 

CLIFTON, WlUlaiD. 879 

CUdc. Theol>ald, 483 

CllDtoa* Geo. Jamn, 279-282. 2S4, 
287, 302. 411 

Cobb, 8aroijel« 101 

Cocke, WlUtatu, 465 

CodlogtoD, Joseph, 470 

CotemaD, Will lam, 348 

Coleman, , 418 

Connollj, Dr. John, GommissloQed by 
Lord Dun mo re to enroU mllltta at 
Fort rut, 327, 331 ; In WeBtmore- 
land Co gaol, 331 : luforma Lord 
Dtinmore of lands on ibe Oblo, 445 ; 
mention^, 433 

Connor, Jeffi^Hes, senteoced by Court 
Martini, 267 

Continental Congresa, Thomas Whar- 
too writes of formation of, 433, 435. 
436, 437-430, 441; prw:eedlnpi In, 
443, 446-48. 451 

Conway, Brt^adler-Gen. Thomaa, 268, 
275, 454. 457, 465. 471 

Conway. Capt, , 809 

Cook, Arth., 426 

Cook, Lieut. Thomas, senteoced by 
Court Martial, 274 

Cooper, Danler, 478 

Cooper, John Kerlack, 476 

*' ComeHM.** gee Cape Henlopen 

CornlBh, Capt. Frank, of the ship 
•* Simonda,"* 228 

Correspondence of General Edward 
Hand, of the Continental Line, 
1770-1781, 353 

CorsBeo. Arondt, settlement on the 
Schuylkill by. 6 . 

Cramp, John, Jr„ 485 

Crc«ap, Capt. Michael, murder of In- | 
dlaui by, 434, 436, 440 ; makes sur- | 
vpys, 435 I 

Croghan, Col. George. Thomas Whar- I 
ton to. 322 ; treats wUh the In- | 
dtflnii, 440 : writes concerning In- 
diana alfalra^ 443 ; mentioned, 320, 
882, 485 
Croaaan, Neal, 481 
Cummlngn, Capt. John Noble, 14S 
CUMMINS. Elizabeth, 348 
Curry. Thomaa, 379 
Curtln. lion. Andrew G., glres aeeooat 
of the writing of Llncoln'a Qettja- 
burg Atlilress, 387, 888 

* Curtis, George William. Quoted regard- 
ing Lincoln'! Gettysburg Addraas, 
« 397 
Curt la, Jo». 426 

Danghty, James, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 459 

DftTld. Cbriattan. 236. 238 

Darta, Capt, Joseph, killed at Wyo- 
ming, April, 1779, 281 

Davis, Major WUllacD. 264 

Day, Brigade-Major, 275. 458 

Dayton. Col. ELlaa, vlalts Bethlehem* 

Deans, Robert, 430, 431 

l>earbom. Col. Heory, sent to destroy 
Indian town, 414; return of, 418 

De Haas, General John Philip, 129, 

D'bart, Lieut. -CoK William, 458 

Dchurat, Geo., 471 

De In Levere, Col.. 464 

Delamotte, Charles, arrlres on ahlp 
" Stmoods/* 229 

De la War, Lord, credited with dls- 
covery of Delaware Bay, 3 

Drkiiffare, Act relating to the Penn 
title In, 499 

DelavDare River, Dutch and Bwedlub 
Bettlements on, by Hon. Hampton 
L. Carson, 1 : Dutch rule on, 1609- 
1638. 1; 1655-1664, 17; Capt. Uen- 
drlckfion buUh up In the " OuruKt.'* 
4 ; called South River, 17 ; Swedish 
rvile on, 1638-1655, 7 

DeleralU Jo*. 426 

Denny. Thomas, Rev. Abraham Relncke 
holds service In house of, 99 

Denny, Gov. WJlllfim, Gen. John 
Forbes to, anoouneing his capture 
of Fort Du Qucsnc, 07 

De I'ool, Carolina, 477 

Dc Vrles, Darld Pleterasen, expedition 
to the Delaware under, 5. 6; men- 
tioned, 11 

L»lamond, Jacob, 482 

IHekey, John, 476 

DUkinaon, J., 437 

Dlcklnaon, Jonathan, Isaac Norria to, 

Dlngas, John Mntthlsa, 489 
Dlngasey, Anna Catherlna, 489 

DIse, Jacob Ludwig, 481 

Dobaon, J., 320 
Dohson, Joseph, 442 
DoTG, David Jamea, to Tbomaa Whar- 
ton. 251 
Downa, Michael, 490 
Draper, John W^llUam, quoted regard- 
ing Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. 



DrIaojU. Jeremiah* 4S2 

Daboli. Col. Lewis. 283 

Duckf^rt, Tttomas. 420 

Duff. John, 484 

Dnnmore^ Lord, commli«loiiM Dr. John 
CotiDolly to eoroU mlUtia at Fort 
Pitt. 327. 331 ; chdma of. 827, 331, 
483. 434, 440; tnati vdtb the In- 
dJaiiflt 440. 442 ; motlres of« Id tali- 
Ing up arma a^iost the Indlanii, 
44S ; mentioned, 448 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on 
the Delaware* bj Hon, Hampton L. 
Carson, I 

Dutch rule on tJie Dataware RWer, 
ie09-16S8t 1 ; 1655-1664, 17 ; West 
India Companj Incorporated, 4 ; 
ex[>edlt1oii sent out under De Vrie», 
5, H ; rlgblA and prLrllegea of 
■ettlerH under. 6. 7: William Usse- 
llncx, projector of, 8 : government 
In New Netherlands eatabtlahed by, 

Djar, WllUam. eztraci from will of. 

Baaman, Ktlxaheth. 483 

J9Mt<m, fleadquartem of MaJ,-Oe!i, 
SnlllTan at, 130. 131 ; William Par- 
sons, founder of. 340 ; extract of 
letter from Tbomaa Penn to Qav, 
Hamilton relating to founding of, 
340 : surveyed, 1750. 340 

Easy, Edmund, 484 

Eekloy, Sarah, extract from will of, 

KDMOND8. 253-256 

Edmonds, Col. WllUam. Bible Records 
of. 253 

I] d wards, Thomas, sentenced by Court 
Martial. 267 

Elgert. Anna Catherine, 478 

Etgert. Catherine Elizabeth, 470 

Eller, Harbara. 477 

ENDliESEN, 380 

EVANS, Mary. 12D 

Everett, Hon. Edward, address of at 
Gi^ttysbnrg. 302, 395, 898; con- 
gratulated by Abraham Lincoln on 
address at Gettysburg. 392; opinion 
of. of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. 
303, 805-397 : Abraham Ltncolo to. 
3117 : mentioned. 386. 388 

Eyerson, George. 260 

Ewlng, John, Dr. John Morgno to. 

rackenthal, MIcliaet, Pension Applica- 
tion of. 256 
Falconer. John. 483 

Farllng Major. 264, 468 

Flogar. Valentine, 488 

Flngea, John Peter. 487 

Flnges. John William, 487 

Fink, Jacob, 482 

Fink, Johann Adam, 476 

Fire Engine, for Bethlehem^ broti^t 

over on the " Hope," 248 
•■ First Sea Congregation,'* formed la 

Europe, 229; arrives at Plill«.« 

1742, 230; list of cotonlats In. 280 
FlKhbourn, Ralph, 426 
FUnivrcek, 297 
Foes, William, sentenced by Court 

Mnrtlftl. 267 
Fogle, Catherln Rarbonit 490 
Fogle, Freds 40O 
Folch. Morla Elisabeth, 486 
Footman, R', 449 
Forbes, Gen. John, tetters of, 17S8, 

86; to David Rosa, 86; to RIcb&rd 

Peters, 67, 91 : to Gov, BorfttJo 

Sharp, 90; to Col. James Burd, 95; 

to Oov« William Denny, announdjiis 

the capture of Fort Du Que«ne, 07 ; 

Instructions of. to Major Josepb 

Shlppi>n, 90 
Ford, Ucut Dennia, tetitenced hy 

Court Martial. 462 
1 Forrest. CoL Thomas. 141 
I Fort Amfttcrdam* 6 
I Fort Berlford, Orders of Col. Heerj 

Houquet given at, 222 
I Fort Beverarede, 6 

I Fort Catiptir, capture of by Bw^dem^ 
I 12; recapture of by Datelk, IS; 

name of change to New Amatet, 


Fort VhrUtina, capture of by Datdu 
13, 14; menUoned, fr-11 

Fort Du Qu^&mg, account of cAptnv# 
of, 97 

Fort Rfsinffborff, 11, 12 

Fort Nattay, btitlt by Cornelias Mey, 
4 ; destroyed by Peter Stuyveaaiit; 
12 : mentioned. 4-6. 10, 11 

Fort Opt and (, 5 

Fort Pcnn, 353, 354 

Fort Pitt, settlements near. 320 ; 
Thomas Wharton sends money for 
Indians at. 322. 332; order for 
Inhabitants to assemble at, January, 
1774, 327: claimed by Lord Dun- 
more as part of Virginia, 327. 881 

Fort SulUvan, commanded by CoL 
Sbrleve. 282; demolished, 420 

Foster, Thomaa, CoK Henry Bouquet 
to. 226 

FohIo. Mary, 486 

Frank, Mosea, 442 



Fr&nkltQ, BGOjamlo, cbargwi wttb 
being prc»po«er of the Stamp Aet« 
335 : denth of Deborftli. wile ot 
451 ; meatloDed, 328, 830 

FrmnkMn, TX'tomh, death of* 451 

Franklin, Oov, William, correspondence 
of. with WUUivra Stmban. 447-440 

Frp8§, Jacob, 491 

Frejmouth, John. 478 

Fiickaver, Simon, 490 

Frtendii' Meeting House, Becond and 
Market Bin., extracts from accounts 
of building of, 250: at Oerman- 
town, 375 

FritEcnirer, Ernest, 470 

FrlUcngfr, Mary Kllsabeth, 470 

FrltKinger, John, 479 

Fry. Gen. Jameu B., opinion of re- 
garding the writing of Lincoln's 
Gettjfrburg Address, 380 

Gage. Gen. Thomas, 442. 440, 451 
QnghMiunga, description of, 20T; 

mentioned, 206 
Q^hiuguilahtry, 301, 412 
Oaosevoort, CoL Peter, sent to Fort 

StaowU. 414 
GameTs. George, 484 
GARRISON, Frederick. 845 
GARRISON. Johanna Grace, 345 
GARRISON, John Nicholas, 345 
GARR18UN. Capt. Nicholas, 345 
GARRISON, Nicholas, Jr., 346 
GarrlM>n, Capt. Nicholas, of the 
" Little Strength," 231 ; captnr<-d 
and landed at St, Sebaatlan, 1744, 
233 : superintends building and put 
in command of the " Irene,** 233, 

Gnrrlson, Nicholas, Jr„ master of the 
•• Irene," 244 

Orncjiro, 209, 800 

Qen4Uinqwt}, 414 

George, Robert, 470 

Oeortfia, Moravian grants in, 220 

German Families, list of, arrl?lng at 
rhltadctphla, 1758, 601 

Germane. Catherine Ellz*, 488 

Orrm an rotpn, a Bit of School ITIatorj 
of, 874 : accounts concerning build' 
leg atone meeting house at, 375 

Germantoivo Academy, note of, 300 

Gettysburg Address, The, When Writ- 
ten, How Received, Its True Form, 
hy Major William H. Lambert, 385 ; 
manuscript of, 800, 801, 400; revl- 
siunfl of manuscript of, 401, 402 ; 
teatluionles of those who beard the 
address, 302-300 : various versions 

of, 800^03 ; versions compared, 
403^08; reports of, by Commla- 
sloners of Maas., 406: In Philadel- 
phia Inquirer, 407; In Cincinnati 
Daily (huretU, 40d 

Gtbaon, Hon. John, Mayor of Pblla- 
delpbta. Record of Servants and 
Apprentices Bound and Assigned 
before, 475 

GUI, Matthew, 100 

aioiioetttfr. Col. Jeremiah OIney 
ordered to take command at, 356 

Goodson, John, WlUiaro Penn to, 316 

Gouldney, H., 431 

Graff, Johann GottUb, 482 

Grafmayer, John Godfred, 400 

Grant, Ulysses 8., Abraham Lincoln 
to. 498 

Grant, Major-Gen. , 468 

Gray, Elisabeth, 252 

Green, Isaac. 470 

Green, William, 4SS 

Ore«n«, Major-Gen. Nathaniel, 250, 
2«8, 20Q, 276, 278, 455, 458. 472. 

Growden, Joseph, 426 
Qurney, Ellsa P., Abraham Lincoln 
t<i. 408 

Uabach, Anna Ellsa, 478 

Hackett, John, 870 

Uackett, Mary, 484 

Hague, William, S14 

Haines, Gen. 471 

Hall, Ann, 480 

Hall, Thomas, 478 

Hallert, Cupt.. 470 

1 1 amber. Mehol*, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 267 

Hampton. WUllam, WUUam Penn to, 

Han-Jost, Indian Chief, killed Sep- 
temlM'r 13, 1770, 412, 420: men- 
tioned, 800, 301 

Band, Gen, Edward, Light Corps 
comma Dded by, under Mnjor-Gen. 
Sullivan, ].1l'-14©; correspondence 
of. 1779-1781. 353: to Major Daniel 
Burchardt, S5S ; to Col. Zebulon 
Butler, 354 ; Ge<irg« Dush to, 355 : 
to Col. Jeremiah Olney, 366; to 
CoL Timothy Pickering, 856, 357; 
mentioned, 282. 283, 286, 411, 416, 

Hardy, William, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 267 

Harman, MIrhnet, 486 

Barmar, Major Joslah, 271 

Harper, Brigade Major John, 268, 272 

Hnrrlft, John, extract from will of, 



Hart, Ch&rlefl Htarj, TboiDA« 8ullj*a 

B«fflster of Portraits by, 22. 147 
Harteo. BUsabetb. 288 
HaKen. G«>r«e» ^83 

Hartley^ CoK Tbomaa, attacked bj | 
the BaTag«fl, 138 ; meutionedt 130, 
HartioaD. EHcabetb Margaret, 486 
HartmaD. Betiry. 480 
llartraurth. LcK^nari]. 488 

HasklDA. Rev, Thomas, Rev. P, Aabary 

to. 503 
Hay, John, maauserlpt of the Gettya- 
burg Address in posaesslaii of family 
of, 390 ; comparlBoa of same with 
Nlcolay maouBcrlpt, 391, 400 

Hay. Major. 259 

tlayley. Daniel, senteDced by Court 
Martlfil. 459 

Bentb, Ma|or. 276 

BHiImnn, Sophia, 476 

neitfl. John. 489 

HelfTer, Ere Catherine, 486 

Helfrlgen, Cath*^rlne ©• , 490 

Helman. Eliza CatheHoe. 479 

Henderson, Alexander, sentenced by 
Court Martial, 207 

HendrlclCB, Col. James, 265 

Hendrtckson, Cnpt., aalls from Arastor- 
dnm and aeccndB Delaware River, 
3, 4 

Henrlckflon, Peter, 41^1 

Henry, Patrick, scntebced by Court 
Mftrtlal, 274 

Herrenbom. John, 90 

Herter, Charlen. 487 

Heanetiufl, Oofltaviia, 09 

Hethcot, G., 317 

Historical Society of Peooa. com« 
tnemoratlon of Centeoary of Lin- 
coln's birth by. 385. 496 ; cihlblt of 
Lincoln relics at Hall of, 496; 
officers of. f»13 


n or tTner- surer Notes, 380 

HolTmnn, gee also Hopmann 

noffmfiii. Cntherfne. 100 

Hoffman. Nicholas, 100 

Hogg, Saio, 465 

Hollander, Peter, Gorenior of New 
Sweden. 1» 

Hollen, James. 485 

Holme, Thomas, William Peon to, 303; 
William Markhatn to, 875 

Holmes, Georffe, 

Holsteln, Andreas, 100 

Holts, John. 480 

Hood, Thomas, 488 

** Hope," Moravian Immigrant ihip, 
batlt at New Haven. 1700» 947; 

lists of colontsts on, 1761 and 17(>3, 
247, 248; first Are eogio^ tar Beth- 
lehem brought over od« 248 ; neii- 

Honed, 230 

llopman, John, 101 

Uopmann, tee atso HofFmau 

Hopmaoii, A., 99 

Hopmann, CatberiDe, 101 

llopmaoD. Nicholas, 101 

HOIISPIELO, Charles Cooper, S4« 

HORSl lELD, JuUa&a Sarab. 94S 

llOIiSFlELD, Rebecca, 345 

llORSFIELD, Thomas, 345 

UOIISFIELD, Timothy, 345 

UOnSFIELD, Ttmothy, Jr., 345 

UORSFIELU. WlUlam, 345 

HOHSFIELD, Timothy, 233. 343 

Llortman, rhlllp, 478 

House. John Peter. 482 

Huber, Anthony, 481 

Huber, Joanna MIra. 481 

II liber, Joanna Teresa, 481 

lluber, Paul. 481 

HUIILEY, Col. Adam, Jr,. ISQ 

IIUBLEY, Mary Evans, 129 

HirHLEV, Michael, 129 

lIUliLEY, Roslija, 129 

llcibley, Adam, Jr., Lt. CoL Comdt, 
11th Penna. Begt., His Jooroa.!, 
commencing at Wyoming. July 30, 
1779, by John W. Jordan. 129, 278, 
409 ; 8ketch of, 129 ; signer ot 
Bills of Credit of Peaaa., 12lft ; 
miUtary record of. 129. 130; ap- 
pointed Lieut, of Lancaster County* 
130 ; serves in Assembly and Senate. 
130 : dies of yellow fever« 130 : 
Journal of In possession of the 
lilstorlcat Society of Penna,, I30 ; 
Washington to, 139; Eeiglment of« 
order of March to Tioga, Sept, 15, 
1779, 411 : mentioned, 259 

Hub net, Fred erica Kegina, 483 

lludi^on. Henry, visits Delaware fisij. 
16U9, 2; mentioned, 3 

llugbes. Jobn, Travelling ExpeiiJ>ee of 
a visit to New York, Ststen Islatid 
and Long Island, 1757, 119 

Hughes, John, to Thomas Wharton, 

HitUiigs. Marcus, leases a tract oC 
land In Manatawny Towoshlp, li2d, 
tluBton, Adjt WllUam, wounded An^. 
13, 1770. 146 

llyer, Jacob. 480 
Hymen, Mary, 479 

Indian War BlUa. 1756. 252; Inscrlp* 
tlons on trees, 293 ; settlemeots 
destroyed by Col Hub1ey*s Itect- 
meat, 410. 411 




Indians at Fort Pitt, Thomas Whar- 
ton Heads money for, 322. 332 ; 
tract of land i>archased from, by 
James Hamlltoo. William Allen and 
otherst 332 ; murder of, by Creaap 
and Duker. 434. 435; treaties wEth 
at Fort Pttn 440. 441; Col. George 
Croghan wrltt'S to Thomas Wharton 
rcKardlDff affairs of. 443 

InirbAOA* Benjamlo, arrtres oq ship 
" Slmonds/' 221> 

" Irene/* Moravian ltii.mlf rant ship, 
230; bitltt on Staten lalaod, 1748, 
234 ; John Nttschmano Colony 
arrives on, 1740, 230; lists of colo- 
nists on. 236-244 ; brings first steam 
engine to the Coloolea, 241 ; cap- 
tured by a French prlTateer. 175T, 
244 ; account of capture and wreck 
of. by Schoute. 245 

Irwin. John, 432. 434 

Isssrd. Samuel, 101 

'* Jacob," list of MorarisD colonists 

on. 234 
Jacobsen, Cbrlattan, maiter of the 

** Irene," 244 
Jaci]Qet, John Paul, appointed Vice 

Director of New Amsterdam, IT 
James, Abel. 450 
James, J a men, bill for mahogany fur- 

nhure bought of, by Thomas Whar- 
ton, 3nG 
Jenlngs, SnmueU 310 
JenUir town and river, description 

of, 400. 410 
Jenklnft. WllUam, 426 
John, Richard, 426 
" John Oalley/* anow, arrives at 

Lcwet* with Moravian colonists, 334 ; 

list of colonists on, 235 
Johnson, Abraham, 101 
Johnson, Major James. 460 
Johnson, John, Rev, Abraham Relneke 

entertained by, m 
Johnson, Joseph, 101 
Johnson. Sir WUtlam, death of. 440 
Johnston, Col. Francis, presides at 

meeting of OtBcers of the Penna. 

IJne to appoint agents for the Pay- 

raaster-rJeneral, 357 
Jolly, IJeut, Msyberry, sentenced by 

Court Martial. 275 
Jones. Ellis, Copy of Warrant of, 

1684, 253 
Jones, Francis. 428 
Jones, Griff, 426 

Jones, Lieut. William, killed at Wyo- 
ming, April. 1770, 281 
Jongerbloed. Clary, 486 

Jordan, Helen, Selections from the 
Military Correspondence of Col. 
nenry Bouquet, 1756-1764, by, 102. 

Jordan, John W.. Adam Uubley, Jr., 
L*, Col, Cooj^«. ll*t Penna Reg'., 
Ills Journal, commeQcLng at Wyo- 
ming, July 80. 1T79, by, 129, 279, 
400 : Moravian Immigration to 
Pennsylvania, 1734-17tJ5. by, 228: 
Wllilitni Parsons, 8urveyor-Oen- 
eral and Founder of Baston, Penna*, 
by, 340 

Jung, EUzabeth, 468 

Kaltwasser, Johann Phtllp, 477 

Kanadalaaqua, description of. 20S 

Kanadtuaga, descrtptloa of, 2fl6; men- 
tioned, 206, 414, 416 

Kanadaaqua Lake, 413. 418 

KtinaghtoM, 300, 301, 412 

Kanairtiluhary, 416 

Kntherine't Totoft, 415 

Keely, Lieut, , sentenced by Court 

Martial. 462 

KiHjn. Catherine, 101 

Keen, £rlc, 100. 101 

Keen, George, Rev. Abraham Eelncka 
holds service In house of, 101 ; men- 
t toned, 100 

Keller, Peter, 482 

Kent, Thomas. 430 

Kerchncr, George, 477 

Kershaw, Jacob Liidwlck, 481 

Keylhauver. 5fnrllu. 479 

Keyuts, naltzar, 48S 

Ki^yutp, Henry, 488 

Kimball. Capt. Bcnlatntn, killed 
August 23. 1779. 282 

King, Hon. Horatio. 3S8 

King. John, sentenced by Court Mar^ 
tlal, 459 

KIrkpatrlck. Major — . 260 

KIsler. George. 480 

Kledl. Jacob, 488 

Kmiblocb, John George, 478 

Ivnor. Major-Gen. Henry, 469 

Knoi, Thomas, 485 

Koentstn, Johann Martin. 470 

Konck^rl, Anna Margaret, 489 

Lackawanna River, 134 

Lambach, Conrad. 486 

Lambert, Major WUUnm H., The Get- 
tysburg Address. When Written. 
How Received. Its Trne Form, by 

Lamon, Ward H., (»plnlou of as to 
bow Lincoln's Gettysburg Address 
waa received, 395. 396; quoted re- 



firdlng Ml me, 389 ; oplolon of 
Lincoln T^gardEng bts GettyBburg 
Address quoted by, 305 

LAQder, Ciipt. Francis^ <iyerj regard- 
tug. 124 

Layco^^ke^ H., to Thomaa Wbarton, 

Leary, Wlillnm. wounded nt Paolf, 130 

LediTigfa, NlebdlAB. 4M 

Lee, Major Ilarry T., opinion of re- 
i^'ardlng Lincoln's GetfyHburg Ad- 
dre»». 302 

Levei% Mary, 482 

Lc^T. Mlcbaeh 488 

Lewis, Mrs. Sally Flolier, collection of 
maauj9crtpts belonging to Tbomas 
Wharton, presented by, 319 

Lewis. Col. , 458 

Leyfep, Maria EUtabetb, 477 

Lincoln, Abrabam, Addreag of at Get- 
tysburg, by Major WtlUam IL Lam- 
bert» 385 ; opinions of bow. when 
and where the OettyKbnrg Address 
was written by, 386-380 ; congratu- 
lated by Edward Everett on Gettys- 
burg AddruM, 393; to Edward 
Kvorett, 397 ; Centenary of birth of, 
(ibsi^rved by The Historical Socl<^ty 
of Penna., 496: relics of exhibited 
nt The Historical Society of Penna , 
496; to Ulysses S. Grant, 408; to 
Ell 8a P. Gurney, 498 

Lincoln, Gen. Benjamin. 2B9, 454, 459. 
4H4, 472, 474 

'* Little Strength," Moravian Itnmt- 
^raot ship, 230: purchased for 
Second Sea Congregation, 231 ; lUfR 
of colonists on. 1743, 232; cap- 
lured by a privateer. 1744. 2,^3 

Llvoiey, Tbomas, to Tbomas Wharton, 

Livingston, Lieut Henry, 272 

Lloyd, David, letter of recommendation 
of. from William Penn to the Pro- 
vincial Counclllora, S03-304 : men- 
tU>nod, 424 

Lloyd. Thomas, William Peon to, 803 : 
mentioned, 311, 425, 420 

Locklnius, Rev. Lnurenttus. 20 


Logan, James, to nannab Penn, 347; 
opinion of. on certain Land Titles 
!□ Penna., 1734. 361; to DaTld 
Powell, 363 : letters of William 
Aubrey to James Steel with power 
to settle account with, 368 

Lomagne, Major, 353 

Longebln. J no. Zakerlaa, 477 

Louks, Catherine, 480 

Louki, Juliana, 480 

Lowry, John, sentenced by Coari Mar* 

ttal, 459 
Luger, ChHstopber, 480 
Lyell. John Ulrlck, 482 

MeClnnachan, CoL Alez&tider, 271 

McCreary, Mary, 486 

McDnnlel. Edmond, 478 

Mcr>onald. ColL 479 

McDonald, Hugh, 482 

McElroy, Anthony, bill of for Atamri" 

can China sold to Tbomas WbrnrCon, 

McGINLEY, 508 
McKee, Capt, AJeiander, treata with 

the Indians, 440 
li[cKee, John. 479 
McKenzle, James, sentenced by Court 

Martial, 267 
McMannls. Michael, 477 
McPberRon, EJod. Edward, 388 
McPIKE and PIKE, 381 
McPlke, Eugene F.. 381 
Malcolm, John, Thomaa Wharton par- 

cbaies house of, 320 
Maldrom, Margaret. 484 
Malmady, CoL Francis, Marquis dcv 

Manaiawny Towtiahtp, Marcus BailngB 

leases a tract of land In, 172a, 3T0 
Markhnm, William. William Penn to, 

303, 316 ; to Thomas Holme, 375 ; 

mentioned, 313, 3ir». 426 
Marahall, Col. Thomas, prealdeot of 

Court Martial, 462, 469 
Martin, Mary. 483 

MarUn, CoL , 468 

Ma4§aehu«€tUt Commissioners recK>rt 

of. on Lincoln's Gettysburg Addreaa, 

394, 400, 406 
Masna^pftf, 137 
Matthews. CoL George, 268 
Matxcnhachcr, Johan Adam, 484 
Maxfleld, William. 4B2 
Maxwell, Gen. William visits Hethlcw 

bem and accompanies Lady Wash- 
ington en route to Mount VetTion, 

l&O ; Brigade of, under Mnj.-c* n. 

SulUvan. 131-146; mentioned, 264, 

268, 284, 287, 302, 411, 466, 457, 

460, 469. 471 
Maxs^ymour. Elizabeth, 488 
I Maxzeymour, John William. 48S 
Maxxuymour, Henry Adam, 491 
, Medical Graduates of the Unlveralty 

of Penna., of whom Informatloii Is 

desired, 122. 381. 508 
Meiga, CoL Retnm Jonathan, 265 
Montges, Col. Francis, Got* Artbar Bt. 

Clair to, 500 



Mey, Capt CornelluB, lalU to mouth 
of tbe Delaware, 3 : oamea Capes 
Henlopen and May* 3 ; buUda Fort 
Naaaau, 4 ; Qriit Betttement oq tbe 
nelAware by, 4 
Meyer. Adnl|i)i. wife of, dl«i At Mt, 

Meyer» Anna Margaret, 491 
Meyur. John WUHam, 480 
Meyer. Maria Catberinc, 4»l 
Meyer, Mjiria Dorotbea, diet at sea^ \ 

Meyer, MaHa EUiabetb. 4SI» 
Meyera, Denla, sentenced by Court 

Martlalp 267 
Mkhell, Barnard, 487 
MlckWn. Mary, 478 
MIlTet. Johan Henry. 491 
MlflllD. Ctiarles, Scboo] Bill of, 805; 

mentioned, 306 
MimiQ, Col. Thomaa, 470, 478 
MBea, query regmrdlngt 124 
Miller, Anna Maria, 486 
Miller, Charles, 489 
Miller, Daniel. 480 
Miller, John, 480 
Miller, Jobn Pbllllp», 47T 
Miller, Miiria Catherine, 482 
Miller. Robert, quoted regarding Lin- 
coln 'a Gettysburg Address, d93 
Mlnalt, Peter, cboflea DIreetor of 

Dutcb West India Company In New 

NeLberlanda, 8; remoTal of In 1633. 

0; «atabl]iliee a Swedlah colony on 

tbe D«lftw«re. 9 
MoniTlan Immigration to PennaylTa- 

nla, 1784-1765, by John W. Jordan, 

Moravian coIontiU, Uats of, 228-248 
Moravlaji Immigration reviewed bj 

BiKhop Spangenburg. 248 
Mornylans, grmnta of. In Georgia, 229 
Morgan. Col. Daniel. 264, 471 
Morgan, Evan, 843 
Morgan, a, S20 
Morgan, George, to Thomaa Wharton, 

251 : mentioned, 826 
Morgan. Dr. John, to John Ewing, 502 

Morrell, Major . 272, 469 

Mowry, William Angiiatus, opinion of 

aa to when and where Lincoln's 

Gettyaborg Addreaa waa writteo. 

Mnbryan, Eleanor, 490 
MUHLENUERO, Rev, B. M., 257 
MUHLENBERG, John Peter Oahrlel, 

Mnhlenberg, Gen. John Peter Gahrlel, 

Orderly B4K>h of, 1777, 257, 454; 

biographical ahetcb of. 257; orders 

of WanhltigtoQ to, 261-263 : men- 
tioned, 457. 458, 460, 464. 471 

Murphy. Thomas, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 267 

Murphy, , 301 

My era, Lieut, Christopher, court-mar- 
tialed, 456 

Nannetter, Jacob, 487 

Ntaareth, Moravian Colony at, 231 

Nwive, R^ 489 

Xegro SUve, Appralaemeht of, 1752,^ 

NelBon. Lleut.-Col. WlUlAm, 468 

Ncutiert, Daniel, 99 

Nevel, James, 314 

iXete AmMteK 17, 18, 19 

,Vei4? Ootienburg^ 10, 17 

New HethcrlandM, settlement of Eng* 
Ush lo, under George Holmes, 6; 
government In, estmhllsbed by Dutch 
West India Company, 8 

Newman. Richard, 489 

Sew-io^n, 413 

Nicholas, Major George. 455 

NlcholBon, Gov, Sir rrancls, 428 

NichoUon, Col. John P., 390 

McholBon, William, acutenced by Court 
Martial, 459 

Pilckeraon, Major Axor H., quoted re- 
garding Lincoln's Gettysburg Ad* 
drees, 393 

Xlcolay, John G.. opinion of aa to 
when and where Lincoln's Gettys- 
burg Address waa written. 887, SOO ; 
quoted regarding same, 398 

Xlcolay manuscript of Lincoln's Get- 
tysburg Address compared with Hay 
manuscrtpt, 891, 400 

Nltachmaon, Bishop David, paaaenger 
on " Little Btrength," captured by « 
privateer, 283 

NItschmann, John, colony of. arrives, 

1749, 230 
Norrta, leaac, on Pirates, 1699, 373, 
374 ; to Jonathan Dlcklnaon, 378 

North. Coi Caleb, 275 

\ori Hampton Coyitty, erection of. 1752, 

Notes and Querlea. 118, 249, 861, 406 

Oatwaln, Wamert, 482 

O'Coner, 809 

ofllcers of The HUtorlcal Society of 

Penna., 518 
Dgden, CoU Matthias, 283. 287, 458 
Oglethorpe, Gen. James Edward, ar- 

rlvea on ship " Slmoads,'* 229 
D'Uara, Bryan, bill and letter of, to 

Thomas Wharton. 867 




Olden, CqU 2S2 

Oliver, Janii»», 4ftl 

OIncy. Pol. Jt^remlab. Gen* Kdw&r4 

tlfind to, ordering him to tiiko com- 

mitDd at Glrmcpster, 356 
**OiinMi** or Restless. Qrst Bblp built 

oQ American soH, 3 ; Copt Heodrick- 

Bon Balls in up the Delaware, 4 
Orbel, John Frederic, 491 
Orderly Book of Gen. John Peter 

Gabriel Muhlenberg. 1777. 267, 454 
Oaterdftugh, Yost Wllhelm. 478 
Ott<»ndorf. Major NlcholAB Dietrich, 

llaronde, 267. 404 
Ouri% riir.. 470 
Owen. Grit, 426 
Oxford Furnace, N. J,, 1764, 379 

Pttrker, Lleat,-Col. Rlchnrd, 465 
rarr, Major Jamen, sent to destroy 
Indian towns and icirn, 414; men- 
tioned. 282, 283. 286 
PARSONS, Ann Mary, 844 
PARSONS. Ilaonah, ^44 
PARSf>NS. Johanna, 34S 
PARSONS. Johanna Grace, S45 
PARSONS, JuU&na Sarah, 345 
PARSONS, Robert, 344 
PARSONS, Susanna. 344 
PARSONS, Wyiiflm, 343 
Parsons, William. Stirveyor-General and 
Founder of EaHton. Penna,, by John 
W, Jordan, 340 ; biographical sketch 
of, 340-344; Librarian of City 
Library, 340; Surveyor-General of 
th«' I*rovlnce of Penna*, 340 ; auc- 
ceedtHl by Nicholas Scull, 341 ; re- 
moves to r^ancftster, 341 ; removes 
to Knston, 341 ; holds public offices 
In Lancaster and Northampton 
r'ountlea, 341 ; military record of, 
341 : nnltea with the Moravian 
Cburcb, 342 ; residence of In Easton. 
342: win of, 343; genealogical 
sketch of, 343 
Parsons, General Samuel Holden, 265 
'* Parsons Papers,'* In Manuscript 
Department, Historical Society of 
Pemia,, 340 
Patterson, Col. Alexander, 358 
Patterson, Murdock, 477 
Patterson, query regordlng^, 124 
Payne. Anthony, Beoteoeed by Court 

Martial 459 
Pay ton, CoL, 460 
Peddle, George. 485 
Peers, Major Valentine, 250, 270. 273, 

Penn, Aobrey, 430, 431 

P«iiii. Chrtatlana Gulielma, Hmt ot fkir* 

niture left to, 507 
Penn. Dennis, 420 

Penn, Hannah, James Logao to, S47 ; 
to Thomas Penn, 429; tetter of. 
giving accoant of William f"«nii'» 
Illness, 431 
Penn, John, 430 
Penn. Richard, 429 

Penn, Thomas, extract of a letter t» 
Gov. Hamilton from, relation to 
founding of Easton, 340 ; Hanoab 
Penn to, 429; aome silver plate o^f, 
Penn, William, Letters of, 308, 423; 
to Thomas Lloyd, Thoma« Holme, 
William * Markham, and WJlltam 
Hampton, 303; to Provincial Conn- 
clllors of Penna., 303-310, 423-426. 
428 : to Robert Tamer, &tO, 426 : 
to Capt John Blackwell, 311 ; to 
William Markham, Robert Tarner, 
John Goodson and Samuel Car- 
penter, &16 ; account of Illness of. 

Penn title In Delaware, Act relating 
in. 400 

Pennsylvania Gleanings In Bagland, 
by Lothrop WltMngton, 402 

Pcnntiylvanla Hospital, Thomas Whar« 
ton writes to Thomas Walpole coo* 
cernlng. 462 

Pepfher, Catherine, 477 
' Perrin, Edward, extract from will oC, 

Peters, Arnold, 478 

Peters, Richard, Gen. Joha Forbe* to, 
87, 01; Col. Henry Bouqaet to, 100^ 
216, 224, 226 

Petersen, Lucas, 101 

Petition of CltUctts of Wllmlngtoo. 
Del., for Improved road to Phlta^ 

Pezold, Gottlieb, In charge of a Mont* 
rtan colony of single men, 243 

Pfeifer, Christian Ells', 488 .f T "^ 

Pfelfer, Maria Elisabeth, 488 

Phille, John, sent by William Penn to 
take charge of afTatrs, 316 

Pickering, CoK Timothy, Gen. Bdirard 
Hand to, 356, 357 

Pierce, Col, William, visits Bethleham. 

Plfer, Anna Elizabeth, 490 

Ptfer, John Jacob. 487 

Pirates. Isaac Norrla on, 1699, 371, 

Plater, Gotfrled,'489 

Plttle. Joseph, 470 

Plelfer, John Gootve, 431 



P(M^r, Gen. Enoch, wiaits Betlilehem 
atid aceompaDleB Liid; WaflhlatftOD 
9m route to Mount Vemot), 130 : 
BHgmde ot under MaJ.-G«n. 8ulU- 
Tan, 131-146; mentlooed* 280-282, 
294. 287, 302, 411 

Poore, R<?ii Ptrlcj, optoloa of as to 
when and where Lincoln'! Oettys- 
burif Ailclr«»a was written, 3M 

Poula, CnthDrlnp, 481 

Powell, DaTld, to James Logan, 363 

Powell, Peter, 480 

Prendergast, Tbomaa. 48T 

Prlnt2, Jobn^ Governor of New 
Sweilen. 10 ; erects fort on TInl- 
cum Island, 10; erects Fort Blslnc> 
borg. 11 ; mentioned, 12; flrat Jads« 
In the Colonies, 15 

Prlrate«r captures " Little Strenfth ** 
and pasflengera, 233 

Proctor, Col. Thomas, 282, 287, 419 

Provincial Coandllors of Peoiui,, 
Wtlllam Penn to, 303-810 

Prngel, Eltrabetb. 476 

Qu€b<c, Battle of, 217, 31dt 220; 

establishment of government at, 
opposed by Colonies, 441, 444; ar- 
dvaJ of Lord Pitt at, 450 
Queatt Esther's I'alace. 143 
QwMmHmunk, description of, 135 

Rabjohn, John, 48S 

Rambo, Peter, Rev, Abraham Retncke 

entertained by, 90 
Rasor, Cbrl§tlan, 480 
Raaor, Elisabeth, 480 
Raucb, Christian Henry arrives at 

New Tork, 229 
Rawle, B., 440 

Rawle. Margaret, death of, 420 
Record of Servants and Apprentices 

Bound and Assigned hefors Hon. 

John Gibson, 1772-1773, 476 
Reed, President Joseph, 421 
Regan, Lott, 490 
Rclly. JamcJt, 487 
Relncke, Rev. Abrnham, Journal of a 

visit among the tiwedes of West 

Jersey, 1745, by, 00; biographical 

sketch of, 99 
Remp, Jacob llcnry, 477 
" K4«BtleBs/' «<?<; " Onruat '• 
Reynoll. J., 44'J 
RlchardM>n, Samuel, eopy of iba will 

of. 371 
Blehardson* Samuel, 426 
Richardson, Thomas. 450 
Rlchcson, Major Uolt, 460 
Rise, Ajui Catherine, 480 

Roberts. John, 482 

Robertson, Lieut. TuUj, sentenced by 

Court Martial, 462 
ROGERS, Aon Mary, 344 
ROGERS, Rev, Jacob, 342. 344 
ROGERS, Johanna Salome. 345 
Rogers, Rev. William. Masonic address 

delivered by, 281 ; mentioned, 279 
Romp, Johannes, 476 
Eooy, Weynand, 477 
Ross, David, Geo. John Forbes to, M 
Boss. James, to Gov. Arthur St. Clslr, 

Rotenbergh, Peter, 480 
Rowe, Capt, Jesse, sentenced by Court 

Martial, 469 
Ruple. John George, 481 
Ryan, Major Michael, 258, 264, 271 
Ry Singh, John Claude, takes Port 

Csslmlr, 12 ; surrenders Forts 

Caslmlr and Christina, 13» 14: 

cause of fall of Swedlab rale la 

America, IG 

8t Clair, Gov. Arthur, to Col. Ment- 

ges. 500; James Rosa to, 5O0 
Saltes. Maria, 476 
8amolt, LezLa, 480 
Samuel, J., 450 
Sanders, John, George Smith conveys 

land to, 255 
Sanefiien, Bllsabeth. 483 
Sassoonan, gee Allummapees 
Stu^annoh^ list of Moravian Imml* 

granu landing at, 1736, 228 
Sayrea, Lleut.-Col. John. 458 

Sayton, Col. , 276 

Sasby, John, 303 
Scanlan, Aon, 486, 488 
Schenedtffer, Adam, 490 
Schenedlffer, Anna Marin, 490 
BchenedRTer, Dorothea, 489 
Scbenecllffer, Hans George, 480 
SchloBscr, Capt. George, Col, Henry 

Bouf^uet to, 222 
Schnrll. Joban Tyce, 482 
School Bill of Charles Mifflin, 365 
Schott, Capt. John Panl* corpn of, 

commanded by Capt Anthony Sclln, 

Schoolgas, Andrew, 479 
Scboulgas, Catherine, 476 
Schoulgaa, Conrad, 479 
Sctaonlgasr Henry, 470 
Schoulgaa, Mandelena, 479 
Scboulgas, Peter, 477 
ScbOttte, AjMlrcw, account of capture 

and wrack of the " Irene,'* by. 245 


Ua^ Octt. CkftflHw MS. 3T«, iS7* 
oad, 22», SM, 2S1 

i««f fWr Mi 8Br'«* 

la Bw^ SAt nSIt oa ik# 

»Utt]« auwnfcfcr 281; «rHTf« to 

K* T.. t74S. 212; Hat of roloiUsta 

la. 231 
fl«lb»LI, UatU Klls*li»Ui, 4M 
«#ktos* Oamwl. 4M 
«#lfcttoM fMa tli< lUttUfy C»rM- 

ftfiiHitftiM* of CoL Hoiify Bi>ii^«C« 

t754t-lT04. br UvUtt Jordan. ia2L 

|i#l«<-tloiu fmin tliK Lri 

TboiiNi« Wlmrtofi of 

1773-17«3. 3 1 11-330 
fWllo, raitl, Anttioiij, 353 
jr^iMctt Z^lri^, dcwcrlptJoQ of, 292, 2»S : 

meotloDcd. 414 | 

li#iu»niAQ^ Juarbln^ aeeoiDpi.{il#i lUr, 

Ahrnhmn lt«lark€ oa • visit to W«irt 

Jervf^Tt 90 
flowflnt. WlUlAoi n., ofilalQD of r^ 

isrniiiff I.lnrotn's Gtttjiliiiri Ad* . 

drVM. 305 I 

Sew«a PlilUp, 488 
ft^t. lUrburft. 477 
Khnddnrk. \Vlltliiiii« MBtcncod \ff Coint 

MJirMmt. Af&2 
BISAfKf. Adam. 490 
etiftir«r« Citli«rlne, 484 
aiiftrp, Got. Uomdo, 0«m. Jotin Fort»«i 

to, 00 
Sb^tftirr, Jftcob, 490 
ShcDdc, Col. llArron, 4CkO 
Hht9h0VHn^nch Kotlry. dftcrtptlon of, 

140 r oocniDpcDfnt of Wevt«ni Ki* 

p^ltloo tindpr SuUlTiiti. 141 
SlilfkHl. Mtirj, 484 
!<hl[it>i*ti, Kdwiird, In«tract1i»nt for» 

from CoL BottgoeC, 103; Col, Helirj 

ll^imiiiex to. J07, 108« 111-118. Ilfi, 

Sblppcn, kl&|or Josepti* InstnieClon of 

aon. Forbao to, for marehltiK to 

Fort Att(ii«ta« LaucAxter and Car- 

iUlc. 90 
8HO« KLEY. 377-370 
8borU wnilai»« 400 
Sbot, method of isAkioff, 226 
8brl«Te, Col, lira©!, trnkea eomniand of 

Fort SulllTAD, 282; mentioned. 410 
Sbuler. Henrjr. 478 
Hickfreid, John, 483 
HlddntiM, Marjr, to Thomas Wbartot!, 
30& j 

OS, 17311 
Hktanvr. WlltifliD. 481 
Jfle^lnff. WllUaa. 484 
f ftnUtlu li«Umrd« 4118 
I anlcH. ilMOAaitft. 48& 

oa MofAVteii cM^ 
Rmitl^ 0«ors«, co wv t fi 

j anitli. Joka. nmmtmtaA I7 1 
\ tl«l* 4€3 
ftmUfc, JohiK. 480 

tial* SOT 
Kuiltli. WiftUlB. 491 
ti, itrtffsde Major, 

ii. CoL ^ 99^ 

ataa TllUsv. 414 
HNOW, 371> 

I f^mow a«f»«*loirleftt Kolfi^ ] 
8oatt»«» Anas UAisiret, < 

KpAia, aUlftiio* Witt, 
anBir of a«B. 
17711. 4ie 

8pailCe«lMUie. Blsbov A. a* U 

InterrlofW ^f Oot. 

S88 : MorttTtan 

0p«M«r. CoL Ollvrr, 
tpMtr* Jobn Jsooli. 
SpotftWiK>€l, Cot Ale 
-" . Juhn n#iU7, Si 

l.tKlwl^ Cbrlstt 

Sitacb. Maltb«w. 2*ta, 238 
8tmcb, Koalon, 2841. 2^A 
Sttandinff stonm Vmiim^, dfarrlD 

180; eneatnfMXKfnt <if Wtfll 

pt^ltloii iEi« 140 
Bttam KnKtni*. first lit C 

hroiMTfht over In ili« «* Inw^** 
8tci«1, James. WIIII«ib Anb 

to Tbomaa Storjr. 3«0 
atccl, Jam«»R, IIaqmiIik^ 
Stdnhaar, T k, 481 

Stenhea, M h^sulI 

4G0, 40«. ^.^. ^ , J 
Stephens, CoL K,. 454 
Stevens, Gen. Edwmrd* 440 
Sti»vcns, WI]Jlam« 4d4 
Stewart. Charl^^ to