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Full text of "The people's guide; a business, political and religious directory of Vermillion Co., Ind., together with a collection of very important documents and statistics connected with our moral, political and scientific history; also, A historical sketch of Vermillion County, and a brief history of each township"

NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 




\ 









PEOPLE'S GUIDE 

A BUSINESS, POLITICAL AND RELIGIOUS 

Directory of Vermillion Co., Ind. 



TOGETHER WITH A COLLECTION OF VERY IMPORTAN1 

DOCUMENTS AND STATISTICS CONNECTED 

WITH OUR MORAL, POLITICAL 

AND SCIENTIFIC 

HISTORY} 



ALSO, A 



Historical Sketch of Vermillion County, 



AND A 



BRIEF HISTORY OF EACH TOWNSHIP. 



By CLINE & McHAFFIE. 
INDIANAPOLIS: 

INDIANAPOLIS PRINTING AND PUBLISHING HQJJSE 

I8 74 . 





4~/tyf> \ H '/£^^j4»><yr^ 




ND 

1" ■ 






Enured according to the act of Congress, in the year 1874, in the office of the Librarian o^ 
Congress at Washington, D. C, by Clink & iricriAFFlK. 



• 



' 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



IN CONGRESS, TUESDAY, JULY 4, 1776. 

Agreeably to the order of the day, the Congress resolved 
itaelfinto a committee of the whole, to take into their further 
consideration the Declaration ; and, after some time, the Pres- 
ident resumed the chair, and Mr. Harrison reported that the 
committee had agreed to a declaration, which they desired 
him to report. (The committee consisted of Jefferson, Frank- 
lin, John Adams, Sherman, and R. R. Livingston.) 

The Declaration being read, was agreed to, as follows : 

A DECLARATION 

BV THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 
IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED. 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary 
for one people to dissolve the political bands which have con- 
nected them with another, and to assume among the powers 
of the earth the separate and equal station to which the laws 
of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect 
for the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare 
the causes which impel them to the separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain inalienable rights; that, among these are life, liberty, 
and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these rights, 
governments are instituted among men, deriving their just 
powers from the consent of the governed; that, whenever any 
form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is 
the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute 
a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, 

(3; 



DECLARATION OP INDEPENDENCE. 



and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem 
most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, 
indeed, will dictate that governments long established should 
not be changed for light and transient causes ; and, accordingly, 
all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to 
suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by 
abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invari- 
ably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under 
absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw 
off such government, and to provide new guards for their future 
security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these colo- 
nies, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to 
alter their former systems of government. The history of the 
present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries 
and usurpations, all having, in direct object, the establishment 
of an absolute tyranny over these States. To prove this, let 
facts be submitted to a candid world : 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of immediate 
and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation 
till his assent should be obtained ; and, when so suspended, he 
has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of 
large districts of people unless those people would relinquish 
the right of representation in the legislature — a right inestim- 
able to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, 
uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public 
records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance 
with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly for oppos- 
ing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights of the 
people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, to 
eause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers, 
mcapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at large 
for their exercise, the State remaining, in the meantime, ex- 



DECLARATION OP INDEPENDENCE. 



posed to all the danger of invasion from without, and convul- 
sions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
States ; for that purpose, obstructing the laws for naturaliza- 
tion of forei^ ners ; refusing to pass others to encourage their 
emigration hither, and raising the conditions of new appro- 
priations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refus- 
ing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone for the 
tenure of their offices and the amount and payment of their 
salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their sub- 
stances. 

He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our legislature. 

He has affected to render the military independent of, and 
superior to, the civil power. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdiction 
foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws ; 
giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation : 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us ; 

For protecting them, by mock trial, from punishment, for 
any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of 
these States ; 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world ; 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent ; 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of trial by 
jury. 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses. 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neigh- 
boring province, establishing therein an arbitary government, 
and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at once an ex- 
ample and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute 
rule into these colonies ; 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable 



6 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



laws, and altering, fundamentally, the powers of our govern- 
ments ; 

For suspending our own legislature, and declaring them- 
selves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases 
whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of 
his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coast, burnt our 
town6, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign mer- 
cenaries to complete the works of death, desolation, and ty- 
ranny, already begun, with circumstances of cruelty and per- 
fidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally 
unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on the 
high seas, to bear arms against their country, to become the 
executioners of their friends and brethren, or to fall themselves 
by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is an 
undistinguished destruction, of all ages, sexes, and conditions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned for 
redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated petitions have 
been answered only by repeated injury. A prince, whose 
character is thus marked by every act which may define a ty- 
rant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British breth- 
ren. We have warned them, from time to time, of attempts 
made by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdic- 
tion over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances. 
of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed 
to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured 
them, by the ties of our common kiudred, to disavow these 
usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections 
and correspondence. They, too, have been deaf to the voice 
of justice and consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce 
in the necessity, which denounces our separation, and hold 



DECLARATION OP INDEPENDENCE. 



them, as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war — in 
peace, friends. 

We, therefore, the representatives of the UNITED STATES 
OF AMERICA, in GENERAL CONGRESS assembled, ap 
pealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude 
of our intentions, do, in the name, and by the authority of the 
good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare, 
That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, 
Free and Independent States ; that they are absolved from all 
allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connec- 
tions between them and the State of Great Britain, is, and 
ought to be, totally dissolved; and that, as FREE AND 
INDEPENDENT STATES, they have full power to levy 
war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, 
and to do all other acts and things which INDEPENDENT 
STATES may of right do. And for the support of this Declara- 
tion, with a firm reliance on the protection of DIVINE PROV- 
IDENCE, we mutually pledge to each other, our lives, our 
fortunes, and our sacred honor. 

The foregoing Declaration was, by order of Congress, en- 
grossed, and signed by the following members : 

JOHN HANCOCK. 



New Hampshire. 
JOSIAH BARTLETT. 
WILLIAM WHIPPLE, 
MATTHEW THORNTON. 

Massachusetts Bay. 
SAMUEL ADAMS, 
JOHN ADAMS, 
ROBERT TREAT PAYNE, 
ELBRIDGE GERRY. 



Rhode Island. 
STEPHEN HOPKINS. 
WILLIAM ELLERY. 

New York. 
WILLIAM FLOYD, 
PHILIP LIVINGSTON, 
FRANCIS LEWIS, 
LEWIS MORRIS. 



Connecticut. 
ROGER SHERMAN, 
SAMUEL HUNTINGTON, 
WILLIAM WILLIAMS, 
OLIVER WOLCOTT. 



New Jersey. 
RICHARD STOCKTON, 
JOHN W1TI1ERSPOON, 
FRANCIS HOPK1NSON, 
JOHN HART, 
ABRAHAM CLARK. 






8 



DECLARATION OP INDEPENDENCE. 



Pennsylvania. 

ROBERT MORRIS, 
BENJAMIN RUSH, 
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, 
JOHN MORTON, 
GEORGE CLYMER, 
JAMES SMITH, 
GEORGE TAYLOR, 
JAMES WILSON, 
GEORGE ROSS. 

Delaware. 

OJESAR RODNEY, 
GEORGE READ, 
THOMAS M'KEEN. 

Maryland. 

SAMUEL CHASE, 
WILLIAM PACA, 
THOMAS STONE, 
CHARLES CARROLL, of Car*!!. 

Georgia. 

BUTTON GWINNETT, 
LYMAN HALL, 
GEORGE WALTON. 



Virginia. 

GEORGE WYTHE, 
RICHARD HENRY LEE, 
THOMAS JEFFERSON, 
BENJAMIN HARRISON, 
THOMAS NELSON, Jun., 
FRANCIS LIGHTFOOT LEE, 
CARTER BRAXTON. 



North Carolina. 

WILLIAM HOOPER, 
JOSEPH HEWE8, 
JOHN PENN. 

South Carolina. 

EDWARD RUTLEDGE, 
THOMAS HAYWARD, Jun., 
THOMAS LYNCH, Jun., 
ARTHUR MIDDLETON. 



ooosrsTiTTJTionsr 



OF THE 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



We, the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect 
Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the 
common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings 
of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this 
Constitution for f he United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. 

Section 1. All the legislative powers herein granted shall 
be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall con- 
sist of a Senate and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 3. The House of Representatives shall be composed 
of members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several States ; and the electors in each State shall have the 
qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous 
branch of the State Legislature. 

No person shall be a Representative who shall not have at- 
tained to the a«;e of twenty-five years, and been seven years a 
citizen of th<» United States, and who shall not, when elected, 
be an inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. 

Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among 
the several States which may be included within this Union, 
according to their respective numbers, which shall be deter- 
mined by addipg to the whole number of free persons, includ- 
ing those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding 
Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual 
enumeration shall be made within three years after the first 
meeting of tbe Congress of the United States, and within 

(9) 



10 CONSTITUTION OF THE 



every subsequent term often years, in such manner as they shall 
by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not ex- 
ceed one for every thirty thousand, but each State shall have 
at least one Representative ; and until such enumeration shall 
be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New 
Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, 
Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and 
Georgia three. 

When vacancies happen in the representation from any 
State, the Executive authority thereof shall issue Writs of 
Election to fill such vacancies. 

The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and 
other officers ; and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 
Sec. 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature 
thereof, for six years ; and each Senator shall have one vote. 
Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence 
of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may 
be into three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first 
class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of 
the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of 
the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one- 
third may be chosen every second year ; and if vacancies hap- 
pen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the 
Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make 
temporary appointments until the next meeting of the Legis- 
lature, which shall then fill such vacancies. 

No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to 
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the 
United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabi- 
tant of that State for which he shall be chosen. 

The Vice President of the United States shall be President 
of the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally 
divided. 

The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a Pres- 
ident pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-President, or 
when he shall exercise the office of President of the United 
States. 



UNITED STATKS. 11 



The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeach- 
ments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath 
or affirmation. When the President of the United States is 
being tried, the Chief Justice shall preside ; and no person 
shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of 
the members present. 

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further 
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and 
enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United 
States; but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable 
and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, 
according to law. 

Sec 4. The times, places, and manner of holding elections 
for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each 
State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may, at any 
time, by law make or alter such regulations, except as the 
places of choosing Senators. 

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. 5. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, re- 
turns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority 
of each shall constitute a quorum to do business ; but a smaller 
number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized 
to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner 
and under such penalties as each House may provide. 

Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior, and with the con- 
currence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

Each House 6hall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as 
may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas and 
nays of the members of either House on any question shall, 
at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the 
journal. 

Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, with- 
out the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, 
nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall 
be sitting. 

Sec. 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a 
compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law and 



12 CONSTITUTION OP THE 



paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall in 
all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be 
privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session 
of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from 
the same ; and for any speech or debate in either House, they 
ehall not be questioned in any other place. 

No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been cre- 
ated, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased 
during such time, and no person holding any office under the 
United States shall be a member of either House during his 
continuance in office. 

Sec 7. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or 
concur with amendments as on other bills. 

Every bill which shall have passed the House of Represen- 
tatives and the Senate, shall, before it becomes a law, be pre- 
sented to the President of the United States : If he approve, 
he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with his objec- 
tions, to that House in which it shall have originated, who 
shall enter the objections at large on their Journal, and pro- 
ceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds 
of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, to- 
gether with the objections, to the other House, by which it 
shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds 
of that House, it shall become a law. But in all such cases 
the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and 
nays, and the names of persons voting for and against the bill 
ehall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. 
If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten 
days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed 
it, unless the Congress, by their adjournment, prevent its re- 
turn, in which case it shall not be a law. 

Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of 
the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary 
(except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to 
the President of the United States ; and before the same shall 
take effect, shall be approved by him ; or, being disapproved 
by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and 



UinTED STATES. 18 



House of Representatives, according to the rules and limita- 
tions prescribed in the case of a bill. 
Sec. 8. The Congress shall have power — 

To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay 
the debts and provide for the common defense and general 
welfare of the United States: but all Duties, Imposts and Ex- 
cises shall be uniform throughout the United States; 

To borrow money on the credit of the United States ; 

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the 
several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform 
laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United 
States; 

To coin money, regulate the value thereof and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures ; 

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securi- 
ties and current coin of the United States; 

To establish post-offices and post roads ; 

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by secur- 
ing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive 
right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; 

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the 
high seas, and offenses against the law of nations ; 

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money 
to that use shall be for a longer term than two years ; 

To provide and maintain a navy; 

To make rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval forces ; 

To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; 

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the mili- 
tia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed 
in the service of the United States, reserving to the States re- 
spectively the appointment of the officers, and the authority 
of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed 
by Congress; 

To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatsoever, 
over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may. 



14 CONSTITUTION OF TMB 

by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, 
become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and 
to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the 
consent of the Legislature of the State in which the same shall 
be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, 
and other needful buildings ; and 

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for 
carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other 
powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the 
United States, or in any department or officer thereof. 

Sec 9. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall 
not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thous- 
and eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed 
on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be 
suspended, unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the 
public safety may require it. 

No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. 

No capitation, or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed 
to be taken. 

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
State. 

No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce 
or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another; 
nor shall vessels bound to or from one State, be obliged to 
enter, clear, or pay duties in another. 

No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in conse- 
quence of appropriations made by law ; and a regular state- 
ment and account of the receipts and expenditures of all pub- 
lic money shall be published from time to time. 

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States : 
And no person holding any office of profit or trust under them 
shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any pres- 
ent, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any 
king, prince, or foreign State. 

Sec. 10. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation : grant letters of marque or reprisal ; coin 
money ; emit bills of credit ; make anything but gold and sil- 
ver coin a tender in payment of debts ; pass any bill of at- 



UNITED STATES. IS 



tainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of 
contracts, or grant any title of nobility. 

No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any 
imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be 
absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws ; and the 
net produce of all duties and imposts, laid by any State on im- 
ports or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the 
United States ; and all such laws shall be subject to the revis- 
ion and control of the Congress. 

No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any 
duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, 
enter into any agreement or compact with another State, or 
with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually in- 
vaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay. 

ARTICLE II. 

Section 1. The Executive Power shall be vested in a Pres- 
ident of the United States of America. He shall hold his of- 
fice during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice- 
President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature 
thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to the number 
of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be 
entitled in the Congress ; but no Senator or Representative, or 
person holding an office of trust or profit under the United 
States, shall be appointed an elector. 

[The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote 
by ballot for two persons — of one at least shall not be an in- 
habitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall 
make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of 
votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and 
transmit, sealed, to the seat of the Government of the United 
States, directed to the President of the Senate. The Presi- 
dent of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and 
House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the 
votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest 
number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a 
majority of the whole number of electors appointed ; and if 
there be more than one who have such majority, and have an 
equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives 
shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; 



16 CONSTITUTION OF THE 



and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest 
on the list the said House shall, in like manner, choose the 
President. But, in choosing the President, the votes shall be 
taken by States, the representation from each State having 
one vote. A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem- 
ber or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority 
of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, 
after the choice of the President, the person having the great- 
est number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice-President. 
But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, 
the Senate shall choose from them by ballot the Vice-Presi- 
dent.*] 

The Congress may determine the time of choosing the elec- 
tors, and the day on which they shall give their votes ; which 
day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

No person, except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the 
United States at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, 
shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any 
person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained 
to the age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a resi- 
dent within the United States. 

In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his 
death, resignation or inability to discharge the powers and 
duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice 
President ; and the Congress may by law provide for the case 
of removal, death, resignation, or inability, both of the Presi- 
dent and Vice President, declaring what officer shall then act 
as President; and such officer shall act accordingly until the 
disability be removed, or a President, shall be elected. 

The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services 
a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor dimin- 
ished during the period for which he shall have been elected ; 
and he shall not receive within that period any other emolu- 
ment from the United States, or any of them. 

Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take 
the following oath or affirmation : 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the 
office of President of the United States, and will, to the best of ray ahili- 
ity, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States." 

Sec. 2. The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the 

p ■■ ■ - — ... — 

*Thifl clause has been repealed and annulled by the 12th amendment. 



UNITED STATES. 17 



Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States when called into the actual service of the 
United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the 
principal officer in each of the Executive Departments upon 
any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices; 
and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for 
offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeach- 
ment. 

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent 
of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the 
Senate present concur ; and he shall nominate, and by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint Em- 
bassadors, other Public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the 
Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States 
whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, 
and which shall be established; but the Congress may by law 
vest the appointment of such inferior officers as they think 
proper in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the 
Heads of Departments. 

The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that 
may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting com- 
missions, wbich shall expire at the end of their next session. 

Sec. 3. He shall, from time to time, give to the Congress 
information of the state of the Union, and recommend to their 
consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and 
expedient ; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both 
Houses, or either of them ; and, in case of disagreement be- 
tween them with respect to the time of adjournment, he 
may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he 
shall receive Embassadors and other public Ministers ; he 
shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall 
commission all the officers of the United States. 

Sec 4. The President, Vice-President, and all Civil Officers 
of the United States, shall be removed from office on impeach- 
ment for, and conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high 
Crimes and Misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE III. 

Section 1. The judicial power of the United States shall be 
vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as 
2 



18 CONSTITUTION OP THE 



the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. 
The Judges, both of the Suprem3 and inferior courts, shall 
hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their services a compensation, which shall 
not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in Law 
and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the 
United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, 
under their authority; to all cases affecting Embassadors, 
other public Ministers and Consuls ; to all cases of admiralty 
and maritime jurisdiction ; to controversies to which the 
United States shall be a party ; to controversies between two 
or more States ; between a State and citizens of another 
State ; between citizens of different States ; between citizens 
of the same State claiming lands under grants of different 
States ; and between a State, or the citizens thereof, and for- 
eign States, citizens or subjects. 

In all cases affecting Embassadors, other public Ministers 
and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the 
Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the 
other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have 
appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such ex- 
ceptions and under such regulations as the Congress shall 
make. 

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of Impeachment, 
shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the State 
where the said crimes shall have be*:n committed ; but when 
not committed within any State, the trial shall be at such 
place or places as the Congress may by law have directed. 

Sec. 3. Treason against the United States shall consist only 
in levying war against them, or adhering to their enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted 
of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the 
same overt act, or on confession in open Court. 

The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment 
of treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work corruption 
of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of the person 
attainted. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Section 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State 
to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every 



UNITED STATES. 19 



other State. And the Congress may by general laws pre- 
scribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceed- 
ings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

Sec. 2. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 

A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in 
another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority of 
the State from which be fled, be delivered up, to be removed 
to the State having jurisdiction of the crime. 

No person held to service or labor in one State, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of 
any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such ser- 
vice or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party 
to whom such service or labor may be due. 

Sec. 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress into 
this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected 
within the jurisdiction of any other State ; nor any State be 
formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of 
States without the consent of the Legislatures of the State3 
concerned, as well as of the Congress. 

The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other 
property belonging to the United States ; and nothing in this 
Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims 
of the United States, or any particular State. 

Sec. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in 
this Union a republican form of Government, and shall pro- 
tect each of them against invasion ; and on application of the 
Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature can 
not be convened), against domestic violence. 

ARTICLE V. 

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall 
deem it necessary, shail propose amendments to the Consti- 
tution, or, on the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds 
of the several States, shall call a convention for proposing 
amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all in- 
tents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified 
by the Legislatures of three-fourths of the several States, or 
by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the 



20 CONSTITUTION OF THE 



other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress ; 
Provided, That no amendment which may be made prior to 
the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any 
manner affect the first and fourth classes in the ninth section 
of the first article ; and that no State, without its consent, 
shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. 

ARTICLE VI. 

All debts contracted and engagements entered into before 
the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the 
United States, under this Constitution, as under the Confeder- 
ation. 

This Constitution and the laws of the United States which 
shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or 
which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, 
shall be the supreme law of the land; and the Judges in 
every State shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitu- 
tion or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. 

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several State Legislatures, and all execu- 
tive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the 
several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to sup- 
port this Constitution; but no religious test shall ever be re- 
quired as a qualification to any office or public trust under the 
United States. 

ARTICLE VII. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between 
the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in convention, by the unanimous consent of the States 
present, the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of 
the Independence of the United States of America the 
twelfth. In Witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed 
our names. 

GEO. WASHINGTON, 

Prcs'l and Deputy from Virginia. 

New Hampshire. 
JOHN LANGDON, NICHOLAS GILMAN. 



UNITED STATES. 



21 



Massachusetts. 
NATHANIEL GORHAM, RUFUS KING. 

Connecticut. 
WM. SAML. JOHNSON, ROGER SHERMAN. 



New York. 
ALEXANDER HAMILTON. 



WIL. LIVINGSTON, 
WM. PATERSON, 



B. FRANKLIN, 
ROBT. MORRIS, 
THO. FITZSIMONS, 
JAMES WILSON, 

GEO. READ, 
JOHN DICKINSON, 
JACO. BROOM, 

JAMES M'HENRY, 
DANL. CARROLL, 



JOHN BLAIR, 



WM. BLOUNT, 
HU. WILLIAMSON, 



New Jersey. 

DAVID BREARLEY 
JONA. DAYTON. 

Pennsylvania. 

THOMAS MIFFLIN, 
GEO CLYMER, 
JARED INGERSOLL, 
GOUV. MORRIS. 



Delaware. 



GUNNING BEDFORD, JR. 
RICHARD BASSETT. 



Maryland. 



DAN. of ST. THOS. JENIFER 



Virginia. 

JAMES MADISON, JR. 

North Carolina. 

RICH'D DOBBS SPAIGHT. 



South Carolina. 
J. RUTLEDGE, CHARLES C. PINCKNEY. 

CHARLES PINCKNEY, PIERCE BUTLER. 



WILLIAM FEW, 
Attest : 



Georgia. 

ABR. BALDWIN. 

WILLIAM JACKSON, Secretary. 



22 CONSTITUTION OF THE 



ARTICLES. 

In addition to, and amendment of, the Constitution of the United States 
of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of 
the several States, pursuant to the fifth article of the original Consti- 
tution. 

ARTICLE I. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of 
religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging 
the freedom of speech or of the press ; or the right of the peo- 
ple peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government 
for a redress of grievances. 

article n. 

A well-regulated Militia being necessary to the security of 
a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms 
shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE HI. 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, 
without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a 
manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, 
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seiz- 
ures, shall not be violated, and no warrant shall issue but 
upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and 
particularly describing the place to be searched, and the per- 
sons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise 
infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a 
Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, 
or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or pub- 
lic danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same 
offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall 
be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against 
himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without 



UNITED STATES. 23 



due process of law ; nor shall private property be taken for 
public use without just compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the 
State and district wherein the crime shall have been commit- 
ted, which district shall have been previously ascertained by 
law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusa- 
tion to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have 
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and 
to have the assistance of counsel for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be 
preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re- 
examined in any Court of the United States, than according 
to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

ARTICLE IX. 

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights, shall 

not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the 

people. 

article x. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Con- 
stitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to 
the Slates respectively, or to the people. 

article XI. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or 
prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of 
another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 



24 CONSTITUTION OF THE 



;~ 



ARTICLE XII. 

The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote 
by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at 
least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with them- 
selves ; they shall name in their ballot the person voted for 
as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as 
Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all per- 
sons voted for as President, and all persons voted for as Vice- 
President, and of the number of votes for each, which 
lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat 
of government of the United States, directed to the President 
of the Senate : — The President of the Senate shall, in presence 
of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the cer- 
tificates, and the votes shall then be counted ; The person 
having the greatest number of votes for President shall be 
the President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such 
majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers, 
not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as Presi- 
dent, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately 
by ballot the President. But in choosing the President, the 
votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each 
State having one ; a quorum for this shall consist of a member 
or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of 
all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the 
House of Representatives shall not choose a President, when- 
ever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the 
fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President 
shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other 
constitutional disability of the President. The person having 
the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the 
Vice-President, if such uumber be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed ; and if no person have a ma- 
joaity, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the pur- 
pose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Sen- 
ators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary 
to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the 
office of President, shall be eligible to that of Vice-President 
of the United States. . 



UNITED STATES. 25 



ARTICLE XIII. 

"Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, ex- 
cept as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have 
been duJy convicted, shall exist within the United States, or 
any place subject to their jurisdiction. 

" Section 2. Congress shall »oave powsr to enforce this Ar- 
ticle by appropriate legislation, approved February 1, 1863." 



The Constitution was adopted on the 17th of September 
17S7, by the convention appointed in pursuance of the Resolu- 
tion of the Congress of the Confederation, of the 21st Febru- 
ary, 1787, and ratified by the conventions of the several States, 
as follows : 

By Convention of Delaware 7th December, 1767 

Pennsylvania 12th December, 1787 

New Jersey 18th December, 1787 

Georgia 2d January, 1788 

Connecticut 9th January, 1788 



it ii 

it ii 

H ii 

ii ii 



" " Massachusetts 6th February, 1788 

» •«" Maryland 28th April, 1788 

« " South Carolina 28th May, 1788 

" " New Hampshire 21st June* 1788 

<« " "Virginia 26th June, 1788 

« " New York 26th July, 1788 

«' " North Carolina 2lBt November, 1789 

«• " Rhode Island 29th May, 1790 



The first ten of the Amendments were proposed on the 25th 
of September, 1789, and ratified by the constitutional number 
of States on the 15th December, 1791 ; the eleventh, on the 8th 
of January, 1798 ; and the twelfth, on the 25th September, 
1801 ; and the thirteenth, on the , 186 — . 



OOiTSTITXJTIOlsr 

OP THE 



STATE OF INDIANA. 



PREAMBLE. 

To the end, that justice be established, public order maintained, and 
liberty perpetuated; We the People of the State of Indiana, grateful 
to Almighty God for the free exercise of the right to choose our own 
form of government, do ordain this Constitution. 

ARTICLE I. 

BILL OP RIGHTS. 

Section 1. We declare, That all men are created equal ; 
that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalien- 
able rights ; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit 
of happiness; that all power is inherent in the people; and 
that all free governments are, and of right ought to be, 
founded on their authority, and instituted for their peace, 
safety, and well being. For the advancement of these ends, 
the People have, at all times, an indefeasible right to alter 
and reform their government. 

Sec. 2. All men shall be secured in their natural right to 
worship Almighty God, according to th'e dictates of their own 
consciences. 

Sec. 3. No law shall, in any case whatever, control the free 
exercise and enjoyment of religious opinions, or interfere with 
the rights of conscience. 

Sec. 4. No preference shall be given, by law, to any creed, 
religious society, or mode of worship ; and no man shall be 
compelled to attend, erect, or support any place of worship, 
or to maintain any ministry, against his consent. 

(26) 



STATE OP INDIANA. 27 



Sec. 5. No religious test shall be required, as a qualification 
for any office of trust or profit. 

Sec. 6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, for the 
benefit of any religious or theological institution. 

Sec. 7. No person shall be rendered incompetent as a wit- 
ness, in consequence of his opinions on matters of religion. 

Sec. 8. The mode of administering an oath or affirmation, 
shall be such as inay be most consistent with, and binding 
upon, the conscience of the person to whom such oath or 
affirmation may be administered. 

Sec. 9. No law shall be passed, restraining the free inter- 
change of thought and opinion, or restricting the right to 
speak, write, or print freely, on any subject whatever; but for 
the abuse of that right every person shall be responsible. 

Sec. 10. In all prosecutions for libel, the truth of the mat- 
ters alleged to be libelous may be given in justification. 

Sec. 11. The right of the people to be secure in their per- 
sons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable search 
or seizure, shall not be violated ; and no warrant shall issue, 
but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, 
and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the 
person or thing to be seized. 

Sec. 12. All courts shall be open; and every man, for 
injury done to him in his person, property or reputation, shall 
have remedy by due course of law. Justice shall be admin- 
istered freely, and without purchase ; completely, and without 
denial ; speedily, and without delay. 

Sec. 13. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have 
the right to a public trial, by an impartial jury, in the county 
in which the offense shall have been committed ; to be heard 
by himself and counsel; to demand the nature and cause of 
the accusation against him, and to have a copy thereof; to 
meet the witnesses face to face, and to have compulsory pro- 
cess for obtaining witnesses in his favor. 

Sec. 14. No person shall be put in jeopardy twice for the 
same offense. No person, in any criminal prosecution, shall 
be compelled to testify against himself. 

Sec. 15. No person arrested, or confined in jail, shall be 
treated with unnecessary rigor. 

Sec. 16. Excessive bail shall not be required. Excessive 
fines shall not be imposed. Cruel and unusual punishment 



28 CONSTITUTION OP THE 



shall not be inflicted. All penalties shall be proportioned to 
the nature of the offense. 

Sec. 17. Offenses, other than murder or treason, shall be 
bailable by sufficient sureties. Murder or treason shall not 
be bailable, when the proof is evident, or the presumption 
strong. 

Sec. 18. The penal code shall be founded on the principles 
of reformation, and not of vindictive justice. 

Sec. 19. In all criminal cases whatever, the jury shall have 
the right to determine the law and the facts. 

Sec. 20. In all civil cases, the right of trial by jury shall 
remain inviolate. 

Sec. 21. No man's particular services shall be demanded 
without just compensation. No man's property shall be taken 
by law, without just compensation; nor, except in case of the 
State, without such compensation first assessed and tendered. 

See. 22. The privilege of the debtor to enjoy the necessary 
comforts of life, shall be recognized by wholesome laws, ex- 
empting a reasonable amount of property from seizure or sale 
for the payment of any debt or liability hereafter contracted; 
and there shall be no imprisonment for debt, except in case 
of fraud. 

Sec. 23. The General Assembly shall not grant to any citi- 
zen, or class of citizens, privileges or immunities which, upon 
the same terms, shall not equally belong to all citizens. 

Sec. 24. No ex-post-facto law, or law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts, shall ever be passed. 

Sec. 25. No law shall be passed, the taking effect of which 
shall be made to depend upon any authority, except as pro- 
vided in this Constitution. 

Sec. 26. The operation of the laws shall never be suspend- 
ed, except by the authority of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 27. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 
be suspended, except in case of rebellion or invasion; and 
then, only if the public safety demand it. 

Sec. 28. Treason against the State shall consist only in 
levying war against it, and in giving aid and comfort to its 
enemies. 

Sec. 29. No person shall be convicted of treason, except on 
the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or upon 
his confession in open court. 



STATE OP INDIANA. 29 



Sec. 30. No conviction shall work corruption of blood, or 
forfeiture of estate. 

Sec. 31. No law shall restrain any of the inhabitants of the 
State from assembling together in a peaceable manner, to 
consult for their common good; nor from instructing their 
representatives ; nor from applying to the General Assembly 
for redress of grievances. 

Sec. 32. The people shall have a right to bear arms, for the 
defense of themselves and the State. 

Sec. 33. The military shall be kept in strict subordination 
to the civil power. 

Sac. 34. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 
any house, without the consent of the owner; nor, in time of 
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 35. The General Assembly shall not grant any title of 
nobility, nor confer hereditary distinctions. 

Sec. 36. Emigration from the State shall not be prohibited. 

Sec. 37. There shall be neither slavery, nor involuntary 
servitude, within the State, otherwise than for the punishment 
of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. 
No indenture of any Negro or Mulatto, made and executed 
out of the bounds of the State, shall be valid within the State. 



ARTICLE II. 

SUFFRAGE AND ELECTION. 

Sec. 1. All elections shall be free and equal. 

Sec. 2. In all elections, not otherwise provided for by this 
Constitution, every white male citizen of the United States, 
of the age of twenty-one years and upwards, who shall have 
resided in the State during the six months immediately pre- 
ceding such election; and every white male, of foreign birth, 
of the age of twenty-one years and upwards, who shall have 
resided in the United States one year, and shall have resided 
in this State during the six months immediately preceding 
such election, and shall have declared his intention to become 
a citizen of the United States, conformably to the laws of the 
United States on the subject of naturalization, shall be enti- 
tled to vote in the township or precinct where he may reside. 

Sec. 3. No soldier, seaman, or marine, in the army or navy 
of the United States, cr of their allies, shall be deemed to 



30 CONSTITUTION OP THE 






have acquired a residence within the State, in consequence 
of having been stationod within the same ; nor shall any such 
soldier, seaman, or marine have the right to vote. 

Sec. 4. No person shall be deemed to have lost his resi- 
dence in the State by reason of his absence, either on busi- 
ness of this State or of the United States. 

Sec. 5. No Negro or Mulatto shall have the right of suf- 
frage. 

Sec. 6. Every person shall be disqualified from holding of- 
fice during the term for which he may have been elected, who 
shall have given or offered a bribe, threat, or reward to pro- 
cure his election. 

Sec. 7. Every person who shall give or accept a challenge 
to fight a duel, or who shall knowingly carry to another per. 
son such challenge, or who shall agree to go out of the State 
to fight a duel, thall be ineligible to any office of trust or 
profit. 

Sec. 8. The General Assembly shall have power to deprive 
of the right of suffrage, and to render ineligible, any person 
convicted of an infamous crime. 

Sec. 9. No person holding a lucrative office or appointment 
under the United States, or under this State, shall be eligible 
to a seat in the General Assembly ; nor shall any person hold 
more than one lucrative office at the same time, except as in 
this Constitution expressly permitted: Provided, that officers 
in the militia, to which there is attached no annual salary, and 
the office of Deputy Postmaster, where the compensation does 
not exceed ninety dollars per annum, shall not be deemed lu- 
crative : And provided, also, that counties containing less 
than one thousand polls, may confer the office of Clerk, Re- 
corder, and Auditor, or any two of said offices, upon the same 
person. 

See. 10. No person who may hereafter be a collector or 
holder of public moneys, shall be eligible to any office of 
trust or profit, until he shall have accounted for, and paid over, 
according to law, all sums for which he may be liable. 

Sec. 11. In all caseB in which it is provided that an office 
shall not be filled by the same person more than a certain 
number of years continuously, an appointment pro tempore, 
shall not be reckoned a part of that term. 

Sec. 12. In all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of 



STATE OF INDIANA. 81 



the peace, electors shall be free from arrest, in going to elec- 
tions, during their attendance there, and in returning from the 
Bame. 

Sec. 13. All elections by the people shall be by ballot; and 
all elections by the General Assembly, or by either branch 
thereof, shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 14. All general elections shall be held on the second 
Tuesday in October. 

AETICLE III. 

DISTRIBUTION OF POWERS. 

Section 1. The powers of the Government are divided into 
three separate departments; the Legislative, the Executive, 
including the Administrative, and the Judicial; and no per- 
son, charged with official duties under one of these depart- 
ments, shall exercise any of the functions of another, except 
as in this Constitution expressly provided. 

ARTICLE IY. 

LEGISLATIVE. 

Section 1. The Legislative authority of the State shall be 
vested in the General Assembly, which shall consist of a Sen- 
ate and a House of Representatives. The style of every law 
shall be: "Be it enacted by the General Assembly oi the 
State of Indiana ; : ' and no law shall be enacted except by bill. 

Sec. 2. The Senate shall not exceed fifty, nor the House of 
Representatives one hundred members; and they shall be 
chosen by the electors of the respective counties or districts, 
into which the State may, from time to time, be divided. 

Sec. 3. Senators shall be elected for the term of four years 
and Representatives for the term of two years, from the day 
next after their general election : Provided, however, that the 
Senators elect, at the second meeting of the General Assem- 
bly under this Constitution, shall be divided, by lot into two 
equal classes, as nearly as may be ; and the seats of Senators 
of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of two 
years, and those of tho second class at the expiration of four 
years; so that one-half as nearly as possible, shall be chosen 
biennially forever thereafter. And in case of increase in the 
number of Senators, they shall be annexed, by lot, to one or 



32 CONSTITUTION OP THE 



the other of the two classes, as to keep them as nearly equal 
as practicable. 

Sec. 4. The General Assembly shall, at its second session 
after the adoption of this Constitution, and every six years 
thereafter, cause an enumeration to be made of all the white 
male inhabitants over the age of twenty-one years. 

Sec. 5. The number of Senators and Representatives shall, 
at the session next following each period of making such 
enumeration, be fixed by law, and apportioned among the sev- 
eral counties, according to the number of white male inhabi- 
tants above twenty-one years of age in each: Provided, that 
the first and second election of members of the General As- 
sembly under this Constitution shall be according to the ap- 
portionment last made by the General Assembly, before the 
adoption of this Constitution. 

Sec. 6. A senatorial or representative district, where more 
than one county shall constitute a district, shall be composed 
of contiguous counties ; and no county for senatorial appor- 
tionment shall ever be divided. 

Sec. 7. No person shall be a senator or a representative 
who at the time of his election is not a citizen of the United 
States ; nor any one who has not been, for two years next pre- 
ceding his election, an inhabitant of this State, and, for one 
year next preceding his election, an inhabitant of the county 
or district whence he may be chosen. Senators shall be at 
least twenty-five, and Representatives at least twenty-one 
years of age. 

Sec. 8. Senators and Representatives, in all cases except 
treason, felony, and breach of the peace, shall be privileged 
from arrest during the session of the General Assembly, and 
in going to and returning from the same, and shall not be sub- 
ject to any civil process during the session of the General 
Assembly, nor during the fifteen days next before the com- 
mencement thereof. For any speech or debate -in either house, 
a member shall not be questioned in any other place. 

Sec. 9. The session of the General Assembly shall be held 
biennially at the capital of Ihe State, commencing on the 
Thursday next after the first Monday of January, in the year 
one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three, and on the same 
day of every second year thereafter, unless a different day or 
place shall have been appointed by law. But if, in the 



STATE OP INDIANA. 



opinion of the Governor, the public welfare shall require it, 
he may, at any time, by proclamation, call a special session. 
Sec. 10. Each house when assembled shall choose its own 
officers (the President of the Senate excepted), judge of the 
elections, qualifications, and returns of its own members, de- 
termine its rules of proceeding, and sit upon its own adjourn- 
ment. But neither house shall, without the consent of the 
other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any place 
other than that in which it may be sitting. 

Sec. 11. Two-thirds of each house shall constitute a quorum 
to do business, but a smaller number may meet, adjourn from 
day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members. 
A quorum being in attendance, if either house fail to effect an 
organization within the first five days thereafter, the members 
of the house so failing shall be entitled to no compensation 
from the end of the said five days, until an organization shall 
have been effected. 

Sec. 12. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, 
and publish the same. The yeas and nays, on any question, 
shall, at the request of any two members, be entered, together 
with the names of the members demanding the same, on the 
journal : Provided, that on a motion to adjourn, it shall reqiure 
one-tenth of the members present to ordar the yeas and nays. 

Sec. 13. The doors of each house, and of committees of the 
whole, shall be kept open, except in such cases, as, in the 
opinion of either house, may require secrecy. 

Sec. 14. Either house may punish its members for disor- 
derly behavior, and may, with the concurrence of two-thirds, 
expel a member; but not a second time for the same cause. 

Sec. 15. Either house, during its session, may punish by 
imprisonment, any person not a member, who shall have been 
guilty of disrespect to the house, by disorderly or contempt- 
uous behavior in its presence; but such imprisonment shall not 
at any time exceed twenty-four hours. 

Sec. 1G. Each house shall have all powers necessary for a 
branch of the legislative department of a free and indepen- 
dent State. 

Sec. 17. Bills may originate in either house, but may be 
amended or rejected in the other, except that bills for raising 
revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives. 

3 



34 CONSTITUTION OP THE 

Sec. 18. Every bill shall be read, by sections, on three sev- 
eral days, in each house; unless, in case of emergency, two- 
thirds of the house where such bill may be depending shall, 
by a vote of yeas and nays, deem it expedient to dispense with 
this rule ; but the reading of a bill by sections, on its final 
passage, shall, in no case, be dispensed with; and the vote on 
the passage of every bill or joint resolution shall be taken by 
yeas and nays. 

Sec. 19. Every act shall embrace but one subject and mat- 
ters properly connected therewith ; which subject shall be 
expressed in the title. But if any subject shall be embraced 
in an act which shall not be expressed in the title, such act 
shall be void only as to so much thereof as shall not be ex- 
pressed in the title. 

Sec. 20. Every act and joint resolution shall be plainly 
worded, avoiding, as far as practicable, the use of technical 
terms. 

Sec. 21. No act shall ever be revised or amended by mere 
reference to its title ; but the act revised, or section amended, 
shall be set forth and published at full length. 

Sec. 22. The General Assembly shall not pass local or spe- 
cial laws, in any of the following enumerated cases, that is to* 
say: 

Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of the 
peace and of constables; 

For the punishment of crimes and misdemeanors ; 

Regulating the practice in courts of justice ; 

Providing for changing the venue in civil and criminal 
cases; 

Granting divorces ; 

Changing the names of persons ; 

For laying out, opening and working on, highways, and for 
the election or appointment of supervisors ; 

Vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys, and public 
squares; 

Summoning and empanneling grand and petit juries, and 
providing for their compensation ; 

Regulating the election of county and township officers, 
and their compensation ; 

For the assessment and collection of taxes for State, county, 
township, or road purposes ; 



STATE OP INDIANA. 35 



Providing for supporting common schools, and the preserva- 
tion of school funds; 

In relation to fees or salaries ; 

In relation to interest on money; 

Providing for opening and conducting elections of Sfca&j 
county, or township officers, and designating the places of 
voting ; 

Providing for the sale of real estate belonging to minors or 
other persons laboring under legal disabilities, by executors, 
administrators, guardians, or trustees. 

Sec. 23. In all the cases enumerated in the preceding sec- 
tion, and in all other cases where a general law can be made 
applicable, all laws shall be general, and of uniform operation 
throughout the State. 

Sec. 24. Provisions may be made, by general law, for bring- 
ing suit against the State, as to all liabilities originating after 
the adoption of this Constitution ; but no special act author- 
izing such suit to be brought, or making compensation to any 
person claiming damages against the State, shall ever be 
passed. 

Sec. 25. A majority of all the members elected to each 
house, shall be necessary to pass every bill or joint resolution ; 
and all bills and joint resolutions so passed, shall be signed by 
the presiding officers of the respective houses. 

Sec. 26. Any member of either house shall have the right 
to protest, and to have his protest, with his reasons for dissent, 
entered on the journal. 

Sec. 27. Every statute shall be a public law, unless other- 
wise declared in the statute itself. 

Sec. 23. No act shall take effect, until the same shall have 
been published and circulated in the several counties of this 
State, by authority, except in case of emergency ; which emer- 
gency shall be declared in the preamble, or in the body of the 
law. 

Sec. 29. The members of the General Assembly shall re- 
ceive for their services, a compensation, to bo fixed by law; 
but no increase of compensation shall take effect during the 
session at which such increase may be made. No session of 
the General Assembly, except the first under this Constitu- 
tion, shall extend beyond the term of sixty-one days, nor any 
special session beyond the term of forty days. 



36 CONSTITUTION OF THE 



•*. 






Sec. 30. No Senator or Representative shall, during the 
term for which he may have been elected, be eligible to any 
office, the election to which is vested in the General Assem- 
bly ; nor shall he be appointed to any civil office of profit, 
which diall have been created, or the emoluments of which 
have been increased, during such term; but this latter provis- 
ion shall not be construed to apply to any office elective by 
the people. 

ARTICLE V 

EXECUTIVE. 

Section 1. The executive power of the State shall be vested 
in a Governor. He shall hold his office during four years, and 
shall not be eligible more than four years in any period of 
eight years. 

Sec. 2. There shall be a Lieutenant-Governor, who shall 
hold his office during four years. 

Sec. 3 The Governor and Lieutenant-Governor shall be 
elected at the times and places of choosing members of the 
General Assembly. 

Sec. 4. In voting for Governor and Lieutenant-Governor 
the electors shall designate for whom they vote as Governor, 
and for whom as Lieutenant-Governor. The returns of every 
election for Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall be 
sealed up and transmitted to the seat of Government, directed 
to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who shall 
open and publish them in the presence of both Houses of the 
General Assembly. 

Sec. 5. The person, respectively, having the highest num- 
ber of votes for Governor and Lieutenant-Governor, shall be 
elected ; but in case two or more persons shall have an equal, 
and the highest, number of votes for either office, the General 
Assembly shall, by joint vote, forthwith proceed to elect one 
of the said persons Governor or Lieutenant, as the case 
may be. 

Sec. 6. Contested elections for Governor or Lieutenant- 
Governor, shall be determined by the General Assembly, in 
such manner as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 7. No person shall be eligible to the office of Gover- 
nor or Lieutenant-Governor, who shall not have been five 
years a citizen of the United States, and also a resident of the 



STATE OP INDIANA. 37 



State of Indiana during the five years next preceding his elec- 
tion, nor shall any person be eligible to either of the said 
offices, who shall not have attained the age of thirty years. 

Sec. 8. No member of Congress, or person holding any 
office under the United States or under this State, shall fill 
the office of Governor or Lieutenant-Governor. 

Seo. 9. The official term of the Governor and Lieutenant- 
Governor shall commence on the second Monday of January, 
in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three ; and 
on the same day every fourth year thereafter. 

Sec. 10. In case of the removal of the Governor from office, 
or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the du- 
ties of the office, the same shall devolve on the Lieutenant- 
Governor; and the General Assembly shall, by law, provide 
for the case of removal from office, death, resignation, or ina- 
bility, both of the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor, declar- 
ing what officer shall then act as Governor; and such officer 
shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a 
Governor be elected. 

Sec. 11. Whenever the Lieutenant-Governor shall act as 
Governor, or shall be unable to attend as President of the 
Senate, the Senate shall elect one of its own members as 
President for the occasion. 

Sec. 12. The Governor shall be commander-in-chief of the 
military and naval forces, and may call out such forces to exe- 
cute the laws, or to suppress insurrection or to repel invasion. 

Sec. 13. He shall from time to time, give to the General 
Assembly information touching the condition of the State, 
and recommend such measures as he shall judge to be ex- 
pedient. 

Sec. 14. Eve?'y bill which shall have passed the General 
Assembly, shall be presented to the Governor; if he approve, 
he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with his objec- 
tions, to the house in which it shall have originated; which 
house shall enter the objections, at large, upon its journals, 
and proceed to reconsider the bill. If, after such reconsidera- 
tion, a majority of all the members elected to that house, shall 
agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, with the Governor's 
objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be 
reconsidered; and, if approved by a majority of all the mem- 
bers elected to that house, it shall be a law. If any bill shall 



38 CONSTITUTION OP THE 



not be returDed by the Governor within three days, Sundays 
excepted, after it shall have been presented to him, it shall be 
a law, without his signature, unless the general adjournment 
shall prevent its return ; in which case it shall be a law, unless 
the Governor, within five days next after such adjournment, 
shall file such bill, with his objections thereto, in the office of 
Secretary of State ; who shall lay the same before the General 
Assembly, at its next session, in like manner as if it had been 
returned by the Governor. But no bill shall be presented to 
the Governor, within two days next previous to the final ad- 
journment of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 15. The Governor shall transact all necessary business 
with the officers of the government, and may require informa- 
tion, in writing, from the officers of the administrative depart- 
ment, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respec- 
tive offices. 

Sec. 16. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully exe- 
cuted. 

Sec. 17. He shall have the power to grant reprieves, com- 
mutations, and pardons, after conviction, for all offenses, except 
treason and cases of impeachment, subject to such regulations 
as may be provided by law. Upon conviction for treason, he 
shall have power to suspend the execution of the sentence, 
until the case shall be reported to the General Assembly, at 
its next meeting; when the General Assembly shall either 
grant a pardon, commute the sentence, direct the execution 
of a sentence, or grant a further reprieve. He shall have 
power to remit fines and forfeitures, under such regulations as 
may be prescribed bylaw; and shall report to the General 
Assembly, at its next meeting, each case of reprieve, commu- 
tation, or pardon granted, and also the names of all persons in 
whose favor remission of fines and forfeitures shall have been 
made, and the several amounts remitted: Provided, however, 
that the General Assembly may, by law, constitute a council, 
to be composed of officers of State, without whose advice and 
consent the Governor shall not have power to grant pardons, 
in any case, except such as may, by law, be left to his sole 
power. 

Sec. 18. When, during a recess of the General Assembly, a 
vacancy shall happen in anv office, the appointment to which 
is vested in the General Assembly ; or when, at any time, a 



STATE OP INDIANA. 39 



vacancy shall have occurred in any other State office, or in the 
office of judge of any court; the Governor shall fill such va- 
cancy by appointment, which shall expire when a successor 
shall have been elected and qualified. 

Sec. 19. He shall issue writs of election, to fill such vacan- 
cies as may have occurred in the General Assembly. 

Sec. 20. Should the seat of government become dangerous 
from disease, or a common enemy, he may convene the Gen- 
eral Assembly at any other place. 

Sec. 21. The Lieutenant Governor shall, by virtue of his 
office, be President of the Senate ; have a right, when in com- 
mittee of the whole, to join in debate, and to vote on all sub- 
jects; and, whenever the Senate shall be equally divided, he 
shall give the casting vote. 

Sec. 22. The Governor shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor 
diminished during the term for which he shall have been 
elected. 

Sec. 23. The Lieutenant Governor, while he shall act as 
President of the Senate, shall receive for his services the same 
compensation as the Speaker of the Ilouse of Representa- 
tives ; and any person acting as Governor, shall receive the 
compensation attached to the office of Governor. 

Sec. 21. Neither the Governor nor the" Lieutenant Gover- 
nor shall be eligible to any other office, during the term for 
which he shall have been elected. 

ARTICLE VI. 

ADMINISTRATIVE. 

Section 1. There shall be elected by the voters of the State 
an Auditor, a Treasurer of Slate, who shall, severally, hold 
their offices for two years. They shall perform such duties, as 
may be enjoined bylaw; and no person shall be eligible to 
either of said offices, more than four years in any period of six 
years. 

Sec. 2. There shall be elected, in each county, by the 
voters thereof, at the time of holding general elections, a 
clerk of the circuit court, auditor, recorder, treasurer, sheriff, 
coroner, and surveyor. The clerk, auditor, and recorder shall 
continue in office four years ; and no person shall be eligible 
to the office of clerk, recorder, or auditor, more than eighA 



40 CONSTITUTION OP THE 



years, in any period of twelve years. The treasurer, sheirff, 
coroner, and surveyor, shall continue in office two \ears; and 
no person shall be eligible to the office of treasurer or sheriff 
more than four years in any period of six years. 

Sec. 3. Such other county and township officers as may be 
necessary, shall be elected, or appointed, in such manner as 
may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 4. No person shall be elected, or appointed as a county 
officer, who shall not be an elector of the county; nor any one 
who shall not have been an inhabitant thereof during one 
year next preceding his appointment, if the county shall have 
been so long organized, but if the county shall not have been 
so long organized, then within the limits of the county or 
counties, out of which the same shall have been taken. 

Sec. 5. The Governor, and the Secretary, Auditor, and 
Treasurer of State shall, severally, reside and keep the public 
records, books and papers, in any manner relating to their re- 
spective offices, at the seat of government. 

Sec. 6. All county, township, and town officers shall reside 
within their respective counties, townships, and towns ; and 
shall keep their respective offices at such places therein, and 
perform such duties, as may be directed by law. 

Sec. 7. All State officers shall, for crime, incapacity, or 
negligence, be liable to be removed from office, either by im- 
peachment by the House of Representatives, to be tried by 
the Senate, or by a joint resolution of the General Assembly; 
two-thirds of the members elected to each branch voting, in 
either case, therefor. 

Sec. 8. All State, county, township, and town officers, may 
be impeached, or removed from office, in such manner as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. Vacancies in county, township, and town offices 
shall be filled in such manner as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 10. The General Assembly may confer upon the boards 
doing county business in the several counties, powers of a lo- 
cal administrative character. 



STATE OF INDIANA. 41 



ARTICLE VII. 

JUDICIAL 

Section 1. The Judicial power of the State shall be vested 
in a Supreme Court, in Circuit Courts, and in such inferior 
Courts as the General Assembly may establish. 

Sec. 2. The Supreme Court shall consist of not less than 
three, nor more than live Judges; a majority of whom shall 
form a quorum. They shall hold their offices for six years, if 
they so long behave well. 

Sec. 3. The State shall be divided into as many districts as 
there are judges of the Supreme Court; and such districts 
shall be formed of contiguous territory, as nearly equal in pop- 
ulation, as, without dividing a county, the same can be made. 
One of said judges shall be elected from each district, and re- 
side therein; but said judge shall be elected by the electors 
of the State at large. 

Sec. 4. The Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction, co-ex- 
tensive with the limits of the State, in appeals and writs of 
error, under such regulations and restrictions as may be pre- 
scribed by law. It shall also have such original jurisdiction 
as the General Assembly may confer. 

Sec. 5. The Supreme Court shall, upon the decision of 
every case, give a statement in writing of each question aris- 
ing in the record of such case, and the dicision of the court 
thereon. 

Sec. 6. The General Assembly shall provide, by law, for 
the speedy publication of the decisions of the Supreme Court, 
made under this Constitution; but no judge shall be allowed 
to report such decisions. 

Sec. 7. There shall be elected by the voters of the State, a 
Clerk of the Supreme Court, who shall hold his office four 
years, and whose duties shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 8. The circuit courts shall each consist of one judge, 
and shall have such civil and criminal jurisdiction as may be 
prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. The State shall from time to time, be divided into 
judicial circuits; and a judge for each circuit shall be elected 
by the voters thereof, lie shall reside within the circuit, and 
shall hold his office for the term of six years, if he so long 
behave well. 



42 CONSTITUTION OF THE 

Sec. 10. The General Assembly may provide by law, that 
the judge of one circuit may hold the courts of another circuit, 
in cases of necessity or convenience; and in case of temporary 
inability of any judge, from sickness or other cause, to hold 
the courts in his circuit, provision may be made, by law, for 
holding such courts. 

Sec. 11. There shall be elected in each judicial circuit, by 
the voters thereof, a prosecuting attorney, who shall hold his 
office for two years. 

Sec. 12. Any judge or prosecuting attorney, who shall 
have been convicted of corruption or other high crime, may, 
on information in the name of the State, be removed from of- 
fice by the Supreme Court, or in such other manner as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 13. The judges of the Supreme Court and circuit 
courts shall, at stated times, receive a compensation, which 
shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. 14. A conpetent number of justices of the peace shall 
be elected, by the voters in each township in the several 
counties. They shall continue in office four years, and their 
powers and duties shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 15. All judicial officers shall be conservators of the 
peace in their respective jurisdictions. 

Sec. 16. No person elected to any judicial office, shall, dur- 
ing the term for which he shall have been elected, be eligible 
to any office of trust or profit, under the State, other than a 
judicial office. 

Sec. 17. The General Assembly may modify, or abolish, the 
grand jury system. 

Sec. 18. All criminal prosecutions shall be carried on in 
the name, and by the authority of the State ; and the style of 
all process shall be: "The State of Indiana." 

Sec. 19. Tribunals of conciliation may be established, with 
such powers and duties as shall be prescribed by law ; or the 
powers and duties of the same may be conferred upon other 
courts of justice; but such tribunals or other courts, when 
sitting as such, shall have no power to render judgment to be 
obligatory on the parties, unless they voluntarily submit their 
matterp of difference, and agree to abide the judgment of 
such tribunal or court. 

Sec. 20. The General Assembly, at its first session after the 



STATE OP INDIANA. 43 



adoption of this Constitution, shall provide for the appoint- 
ment ®f three commissioners, whose duty it shall be to revise, 
simplify, and abridge the rules, practice, pleadings, and forms 
of the courts of justice. And they shall provide for abolish- 
ing the distinct forms of action at law, now in use , and that 
justice shall be administered in a uniform mode of pleading, 
without distinction between law and equity. And the Gen- 
eral Assembly may, also, make it the duty of said commis- 
sioners to reduce into a systematic code, the general statute 
law of the State ; and said commissioners shall report the re- 
sult of their labors to the General Assembly, with such 
recommendations and suggestions, as to abridgment and 
amendment, as to said commissioners, may seem necessary or 
proper. Provision shall be made, by law, for filling vacancies, 
regulating the tenure of office and the compensation of said 
commissioners. 

Sec. 21. Every person of good moral character, being a 
voter, shall be entitled to admission to practice law in all 
courts of justice. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

EDUCATION. 

Section 1. Knowledge and learning, generally diffused 
throughout a community, being essential to the preservation 
of a free government, it shall be the duty of the General 
Assembly to encourage, by all suitable means, moral intel- 
lectual, scientific, and agricultural improvement; to provide, 
by law, for a general and uniform system of common schools, 
wherein tuition shall be without charge, and equally open 
to all. 

Sec. 2. The common school fund shall consist of the con- 
gressional township fund, and the lands belonging thereto ; 

The surplus revenue fund ; 

The saline fund and the lands belonging thereto ; 

The bank tax fund, and the funds arising from the one hun- 
dred and fourteenth section of the charter of the State Bank 
of Indiana; 

The fund to be derived from the sale of county seminaries, 
and the moneys and property heretofore held for such semina- 
ries; from tbe fines assessed for breaches of the penal laws of 
the State ; and from all forfeitures which may accrue ; 



• 



44 CONST! lUriON OP THE 



All lands and other estate which shall escheat to the State, 
for want of heirs or kindred entitled to the inheritance ; 

All lands that have been, or may hereafter be, granted to 
the State, where no special purpose is expressed in the grant, 
and the proceeds of the sales thereof; including the proceeds 
of the sales of the Swamp Lands, granted to the State of 
Indiana by the act of Congress of the 28th of September, 
1850, after deducting the expenses of selecting and draining 
the same ; 

Taxes on the property of corporations, that may be assessed 
by the General Assembly for common school purposes. 

Sec. 3. The principal of the common school fund shall re- 
main a perpetual fund, which may be increased, but shall 
never be diminished; and the income thereof shall be invio- 
lably appropriated to the support of common schools, and to 
no other purpose whatever. 

Sec. 4. The General Assembly shall invest, in some safe 
and profitable manner, all such portions of the common 
school fund as have not heretofore been entrusted to the sev- 
eral counties ; and shall make provision, by law, for the distri- 
bution among the several counties of the interest thereof. 

Sec. 5. If any county shall fail to demand its proportion of 
such interest for common school purposes, the same shall be 
reinvested for the benefit of such county. 

Sec. 6. The several counties shall be held liable for the 
preservation of so much of the said fund as may be intrusted 
to them, and for the payment of the annual interest thereon. 

Sec. 7. All trust funds held by the State shall remain invio- 
late, and be faithfully, and exclusively applied to the purpose 
for which the trust was created. 

Sec. 8. The General Assembly shall provide for the elec- 
tion, by the voters of the State, of a State Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, who shall hold his office for two years, and 
whose duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IX. 

STATE INSTITUTIONS. 

Section 1. It shall be the duty of the General Assembly to 
provide by law for the support of Institututions for the edu- 
cation of the Deaf and Dumb, and of the Blind ; and also for 
the treatment of the Insane. 



STATE OF INDIANA. 45 



Sec. 2. The General Assembly shall provide Houses of 
Refuge for the correction and reformation of juvenile offenders. 

Sec. 3. The county boards shall have power to provide 
farms, as an asylum for those persons who, by reason of age, 
infirmity or other misfortune, have claims upon the sympa- 
thies and aid of society. 

ARTICLE X. 

FINANCE. 

Section 1. The General Assembly shall provide by law for 
a uniform and equal rate of assessment and taxation ; and 
shall prescribe such regulations as shall secure a just valua- 
tion for taxation of all property, both real and personal, ex- 
cepting such only for municipal, educational, literary, scien- 
tific, religious or charitable purposes, as may be specially 
exempted by law. 

Sec. 2. All the revenues derived from the sale of any of 
the public works belonging to the State, and from the net an- 
nual income thereof, and any surplus that may at any time re- 
main in the treasury, derived from taxation for general State 
purposes, after the payment of the ordinary expenses of the 
government, and of the interest on bonds of the State, other 
than bank bonds, shall be annually applied, under the direc- 
tion of the General Assembly, to the payment of the principal 
of the public debt. 

Sec. H. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in 
pursuance of appropriations made by law. 

Sec. 4. An accurate statement of the receipts and expend- 
itures of the public money, shall be published with the laws 
of each regular session of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 5. No law shall authorize any debt to be contract- 
ed, on behalf of the State, except in the following cases: 
To meet casual deficits in the revenue ; to pay the interest on 
the State Debt; to repel invasion, suppress insurrection, or if 
hostilities be threatened, provide for the p«blic defense. 

Sec. 6. No county shall subscribe for stock in any incorpo- 
rated company, unless the same be paid for at the time of 
such subscription ; nor shall any county loan its credit to any 
incorporated company, nor borrow money for the purpose of 
taking stock in any such company ; nor shall the General 
Assembly ever, on behalf of the State, assume the debts of 



46 CONSTITUTION OF THE 

any county, city, town, or township, nor of any corporation 
whatever. 

ARTICLE XI. 

CORPORATIONS . 

Section 1. The General Assembly shall not have power to 
establish, or incorporate, any bank or banking company, or 
moneyed institution, for the porpose of issuing bills of credit, 
or bills payable to order or bearer, except under the condi- 
tions prescribed in this Constitution. 

Sec. 2. No banks shall be established otherwise than under 
a general banking law, except as provided in the fourth sec- 
tion of this article. 

Sec. 3. If the General Assembly shall enact a general 
banking law, such law shall provide for the registry and 
countersigning, by an officer of State, of all paper credit de- 
signed to be circulated as money ; and ample collateral se- 
curity, readily convertible into specie, for the redemption of 
the same in gold or silver, shall be required; which collateral 
security shall be under the control of the proper officer or 
officers of State. 

Sec. 4. The General Assembly may also charter a bank 
with branches, without collateral security, as required in the 
preceding section. 

Sec. 5. If the General Assembly shall establish a bank 
with branches, the branches shall be mutually responsible 
for each other's liabilities, upon all paper credit issued as 
money. 

Sec. 6. The stockholders in every bank, or banking com- 
pany, shall be individually responsible to an amount over and 
above their stock, equal to their respective shares of stock, 
for all debts or liabilities of said bank or banking company. 

Sec. 7. All bills or notes issued as money, shall be, at all 
times, redeemable in gold or silver ; and no law shall be 
passed, sanctioning, directly or indirectly, the suspension, by 
any bank or banking company, of specie payments. 

Sec. 8. Holders of bank notes shall be entitled, in case of 
insolvency, to preference of payment over all other creditors. 

Sec. 9. No bank shall receive, directly or indirectly, a 
greater rate of interest than shall be allowed, by law, to indi- 
viduals loaning money. 



STATE OP INDIANA. 47 



Sec. 10. Every bank or banking company shall be required 
to cease all banking operations within twenty years from the 
tkne of its organization, and promptly thereafter to close its 
business. 

Sec. 11. The General Assembly is not prohibited from in- 
vesting the Trust Funds in a bank with branches ; but in case 
of such investment, the safety of the same shall be guaran- 
teed by unquestionable security. 

Sec. 12. The State shall not be a stockholder in any bank 
after the expiration of the present bank charter ; nor shall 
the credit of the State ever be given, or loaned, in aid of any 
person, association or corporation ; nor shall the State here- 
after become a stockholder in any corporation or association. 

Sec. 13. Corporations, other than banking, shall not be cre- 
ated by special act, but may be formed under general laws. 

Sec. 14. Dues from corporations, other than banking, shall 
be secured by such individual liability of the corporators, or 
other means, as may be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE XII. 

MILITIA. 

Section 1. The militia shall consist of all able-bodied 
white male persons, between the ages of eighteen and forty- 
five years, except such as may be exempted by the laws of 
the United States, or of this State ; and shall be organized, 
officered, armed, equipped, and trained, in 6uch manner as may 
be provided by law. 

Sec. 2. The Governor shall appoint the Adjutant, Quarter- 
master and Commissary Generals. 

Sec. 3. All militia officers shall be commissioned by the 
Governor, and shall hold their offices not longer than six years. 

Sec. 4. The General Assembly shall determine the method 
of dividing the militia into divisions, brigades, regiments, 
batalions and companies, and fix the rank of all staff officers. 

Sec. 5. The militia may be divided into classes of sedentary 
and active militia, in such manner as shall be prescribed by 
law. 

Sec. 6. No person conscientiously opposed to bearing arm3 
shall be compelled to do militia duty ; but such person shall 
pay an equivalent for exemption; the amount to be pre- 
scribed by law. 



48 CONSTITUTION OF THE 

ARTICLE XIII. 

NEGEOES AND MULATTOES. 

Sec. 1. No Negro or Mulatto shall come into, or settle iD, 
the State, after the adoption of this Constilution. 

Sec. 2. All contracts made with any Negro or Mulatto 
coming into the State, contrary to the provisions of the fore- 
going section, shall be void ; and any person who shall employ 
such Negro or Mulatto, or otherwise encourage him to remain 
in the State, shall be fined in any sum not less than ten dol- 
lars, nor more than five hundred dollars. 

Sec. 3. All fines which may be collected for a violation of 
the provisions of this article, or of any law which may here- 
after be passed for the purpose of carrying the same into exe- 
cution, shall be set apart and appropriated for the colonization 
of such Negroes andMulattoes, and their descendants, as may 
be in the State at the adoption of this Constitution, and may 
be willing to emigrate. 

Sec. 4. The General Assembly shall pass laws to carry out 
the provisions of this article. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

BOUNDARIES 

Section 1. In order that the boundaries of the State may 
be known and established, it is hereby ordained and declared, 
that the State of Indiana is bounded, on the east, by the me- 
ridian line which forms the western boundary of the State of 
Ohio; on the south, by the Ohio River, from the mouth of the 
Great Miami River to the mouth of the Wabash River; on 
the west, by a line drawn along the middle of the Wabash 
River, from its mouth to a point where adua north line, drawn 
from the town of Vincennes, would last touch the north-west- 
ern shore of said Wabash River; and, thence, by a due north 
line, until the same shall intersect an east and west line, drawn 
through a point ten miles north of the southern extreme of 
Lake Michigan ; on the north, by said east and west line, until 
the same shall intersect the first mentioned meridian line, 
which forms the western boundary of the State of Ohio. 

Sec. 2. The State of Indiana shall possess jurisdiction and 
sovereignty co extensive with the boundaries declared in the 
preceding section; and 6hall have concurrent jurisdiction, in 



STATE OP INDIANA. 49 



civil and criminal cases, with the State of Kentucky on the 
Ohio River, and with the Stato of Illinois on the Wabash River, 
so far as said rivers form the common boundary between this 
State and said States respectively. 

ARTICLE XV. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Section 1. All officers whose appointment is not otherwise 
provided for in this Constitution, shall be chosen in such man- 
ner as now is, or hereafter may be, prescribed by law. 

Sec. 2. When the duration of any office is not provided for 
by this Constitution, it may be declared by law ; and, if not so 
declored, such office shall be held during the pleasure of the 
authority making the appointment. But the General Assem- 
bly shall not create any office, the tenure of which shall be 
longer than four years. 

Sec. 3. Whenever it is provided in this Constitution, or in 
any law which may be hereafter passed, that any officer oilier 
than a member of the General Assembly, shall hold his office 
for any given term, the same shall be construed to mean, that 
such officer shall hold his office for such term, and until his 
successor shall have been elected and qualified. 

Sec. 4 Every person elected or appointed to any office 
under this Constitution shall, before entering on the duiies 
thereof, take an oath or affirmation, to support the Constitu- 
tion of this State, and of the United States, and also an oath 
of office. 

Sec. 5. There shall be a seal of State kept by the Governor 
for official purposes, which shall be called the seal of the 
Slate of Indiana. 

Sec. 6. All commissions shall issue in the name of the 
State, shall be signed by the Governor, sealed with the State 
seal, and attested by the Secretary of State. 

Sec. 7. No county shall be reduced to an area less than 
four hundred square miles ; nor shall any county under that 
area be further reduced. 

Sec. 8. No lottery shall be authorized ; nor shall the sale 
of lottery tickets be allowed. 

Sec. 9. The following grounds, owned by the State in Indi- 
anapolis, namely : the State House Square, the Governor's 
4 



50 CONSTITUTION OP THE 



Circle, and so much of out-lot numbered one hundred and 
forty-seven, as lies uorth of the arm of the Central Canal, shall 
not be sold or leased*' 

Sec. 10. It shall be the duty of the General Assembly to 
provide for the permanent enclosure and preservation of the 
Tippecanoe Battle Ground. 

ARTICLE XVI. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Section 1. Any amendment or amendments to this Consti- 
tution may be proposed in either branch of the General As- 
sembly, and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of 
the members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed 
amendment or amendments, shall with the yeas and nays 
thereon, be entered on their journals, and referred to the Gen- 
eral Assembly to be chosen at the next general election ; and 
if in the General Assembly so next chosen, such proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be agreed to by a majority 
of all the members elected to each house, then it shall be the 
duty of the General Assembly to submit such amendment or 
amendments to the electors of the State ; and if a majority of 
said electors shall ratify the same, such amendment or 
amendments shall become a part of this Constitution. 

Sec. 2. If two or more amendments shall be submitted at 
the same time, they shall be submitted in such manner that 
the electors shall vote for or against each of such amendments 
separately; and while an amendment or amendments which 
shall have been agreed upon by one General Assembly shall 
be awaiting the action of a succeeding General Assembly, or 
of the electors, no additional amendment or amendments 
shall be proposed. 

SCHEDULE. 

This Constitution, if adopted, shall take effect on the first 
day of November, in the year one thousand eight hundred 
and fifty-one, and shall supersede the Constitution adopted in 
the year one thousand eight hundred and sixteen. That no 
inconvenience may arise from the change in the government, 
it is hereby ordained as follows : — 

First. All laws now in force, and not inconsistent with this 



STATE OP INDIANA. 51 



Constitution, shall remain in force, until they shall expire or 
be repealed. 

Second. All indictments, prosecutions, suits, pleas, plaints, 
and other proceedings, pending in any of the Courts, shall be 
prosecuted to final judgment and execution ; and all appeals, 
writs of error, certiorari, and injunctions, shall be carried on 
in the several Courts, in the same manner as is now provided 
by law. 

Third. All fines, penalties, and forfeitures, due or accruing 
to the State, or to any county therein, shall inure to the State, 
or to such county, in the manner prescribed by law. All 
bonds executed to the State, or to any officer, in his official 
capacity, shall remain in force and inure to the use of those 
concerned. 

Fourth. All acts of incorporation for municipal purposes 
shall continue in force under this Constitution, until such 
time as the General Assembly shall, in its discretion, modify 
or repeal the same. 

Fifth. The Governor, at the expiration of the present 
official terra, shall continue to act until his successor shall 
have been sworn into office. 

Sixth. There shall be a session of the General Assembly, 
commencing on the first Monday of December, in the year 
one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one. 

Seventh. Senators now in office and holding over, under the 
existing Constitution, and such as may be elected at the next 
general election, and the Representatives then elected, shall 
continue in office until the first general election under this 
Constitution. 

Eighth. The first general election under this Constitution, 
shall be held in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty- 
two. 

Ninth. The first election for Governor, Lieutenant Gover- 
nor, Judges of the Supreme Courts and Circuit Courts, Clerk 
of the Supreme Court, Prosecuting Attorney, Secretary, Audi- 
tor, and Treasurer of State, and S;ate Superintendent of Pub- 
lic Instruction, under this Constitution, shall be held at the 
general election in the year one thousand eight, hundred and 
fifty-two; and such of said officers as may be in office, when 
this Constitution shall go into effect, shall continue in their 



52 CONSTITUTION OP THE 



respective offices, until their successors shall have been, 
elected and qualified. 

_ Tenth. Every person elected by popular vote, and now in 
any office which is continued by this Constitution, and every 
i person who shall be so elected to any such office before the 
taking effect of this Constitution, (except as in this Constitu- 
tion otherwise provided,) shall continue in office until the 
term for which such person has been, or may be, elected, shall 
expire: Provided, That no such person shall continue in of- 
fice after the taking effect of this Constitution, for a longer 
period than the term of such office in this Constitution pre- 
scribed. 

Eleventh. On the taking effect of this Constitution, all of- 
ficers thereby continued in office, shall, before proceeding in 
the further discharge of their duties, take an oath, or affirma- 
tion, to support this Constitution. 

Twelfth. All vacancies that may occur in existing offices, 
prior to the first general election under this Constitution, shall 
be filled in the manner now prescribed by law. 

Thirteenth. At the time of submitting this Constitution to 
the electors for their approval or disapproval, the article 
numbered thirteen, in relation to Negroes and Mulattoes, 
shall be submitted as a distinct proposition, in the following 
form : " Exclusion and Colonization of Negroes and Mulat- 
toes," "Aye" or "No." And if a majority of the votes cast 
shall be in favor of said article, then the same shall form a 
part of this Constitution; otherwise, it shall be void. and form 
no part thereof. 

Fourteenth. No Article or Section of this Constitution 
shall be submitted, as a distinct proposition, to a vote of the 
electors, otherwise than as herein provided. 

Fifteenth. Whenever a portion of the citizens of the 
counties of Perry and Spencer shall deem it expedient to 
form, of the contiguous territory of said counties, a new 
county, it shall be the duty of those interested in the organi- 
zation of such new county, to lay off the same by proper 
metes and bounds, of equal portions as nearly as practicable, 
not to exceed one-third of the territory of each of said coun- 
ties. The proposal to create such new county shall be sub- 
mitted to the voters of said counties, at a general election, in 
euch manner as shall be prescribed by law. And if a majority 



STATE OF INDIANA. 53 



of all the votes given at said election shall be in favor of the 
organization of said new county, it shall be the duty of the 
General Assembly to organize the same out of the territory 
thus designated. 

Sixteenth. The General Assembly may alter or amend the 
charter of Clarksville, and make such regulations as may be 
necessary for carrying into effect the objects contemplated in 
granting the same ; and the funds belonging to said town shall 
be applied according to the intention of the grantor. 

Done in Convention, at Indianapolis, the tenth day of Feb- 
ruary, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 
fifty-one ; and of the Independence of the United State, the 
seventy-fifth. 

GEOKGE WHITFIELD CARR, 

President, and Delegate from the County of Laxorenct. 
Attest : Wm. H. English, 

Principal Secretary. 
George L. Sites, 

Herman G. Barkwell, \ Assistant Sectaries. 
Robert M. Evans, 



EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION. 



-:0:- 



Whereas, On the twenty-second day of September, in the 
year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, 
a proclamation was issued by the President of the United 
States, containing among other things the following, to- wit : 

That, on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord, 
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held 
as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the 
people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United 
States, shall be then, henceforth and forever free, and the 
Executive Government of the United States, including the 
military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and 
maintain the freedom of such persons, or any of them, in any 
efforts they may make for their actual freedom. 

That the Executive will, on the first day of January afore- 
said, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of 
States, if any, in which the people therein respectively shall 
then be in rebellion against the United States, and the fact 
that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be in 
good faith represented in the Congress of the United States by 
members chosen thereto, at elections wherein a majority of 
the qualified voters of such States shall have participated, 
shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be 
deemed conclusive that such State and the people thereof are 
not then in rebellion against the United States. 

Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the 
United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, 
in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and 
Government of the United States, and as a fit necessary war 
measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of 
January, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred 
and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do, 
publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days 

(54) 



EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION. 55 

from the day of the first above-mentioned order, and desig- 
nate, as the States and parts of States wherein the people 
thereof respectively are this day in rebellion againfc the 
United States, the following to-wit: Arkansas, Texas, Louisi- 
ana, except the parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jeffer- 
son, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption, 
Terre Bonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin and Orleans, in- 
cluding the city of New Orleans. Mississippi, Alabama, Flor- 
ida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia, 
except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, 
and also the counties of Berkeley, Accomac, Northampton. 
Elizabeth City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, iucluding 
the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth, and which excepted 
parts are, for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation 
were not issued. 

And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, 
I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within 
said designated States and parts of States are, and hencefor- 
ward, shall be free ; and that the Executive Government of the 
UnitedStates,including the military andnaval authorities there- 
of, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons. 

And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free 
to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defense ; 
and I recommend to them that, in all cases, when allowed, 
they labor faithfully for reasonable wages. 

And I further declare and make known that such persons of 
suitable condition will be received into the armed service of 
the United States, to garrison forts, positions, stations, and 
other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service. 

And upon this, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, 
warranted by the Constitution upon military necessity, I in- 
voke the considerate judgment of mankind and the gracious 
favor of Almighty God. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused 
the seal of the United States to be affixed. 

Done at the City of Washington, this first day of January, 

<--*— in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred 
]seal >• and sixty-three, and of the Independence of the Unit- 

— , — ed States of America the eighty-seventh. 

By the President: Abraham Lincoln. 

William H. Seward, Secretary of State. 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



:o:- 



PLATFORM OF THE BRECKINRIDGE PARTY OF 1860. 

Resolved^ That the platform adopted by the Democratic 
parly at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following explana- 
tory resolutions : 

1. That the government of a territory organized by an act 
of Congress is provisional and temporary, and during its exis- 
tence all citizens of the United States have an equal right to 
settle with their property in the territory, without their rights, 
either in person or property, being destroyed by congressional 
or territorial legislation. 

2. That it is the duty of the Federal Government, in all its 
departments, to protect the rights of persons and property in 
the territories, and wherever else its constitutional authority 
extends. 

3. That when the settlers in a territory, having an adequate 
population, form a State Constitution, the right of sovereignty 
commences, and being consummated by their admission into 
the Union, they stand on an equality with the people of other 
States, and a State thus organized ought to be admitted into 
the Federal Union, whether its constitution prohibits or rec- 
ognizes the institution of slavery. 

4. That the Democratic party are in favor of the acquisi- 
tion of Cuba, on such terms as shall be honorable to ourselves 
and just to Spain, at the earliest practicable moment. 

5. That the enactments of State Legislatures to defeat the 
faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law are hostile in 
character, subversive of the Constitution, and revolutionary 
in their effect. 

6. That the Democracy of the United States recognize it as 
an imperative duty of the government to protect the natural- 

(56) 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 67 



ized citizen in all his rights, whether in home or in foreign 
lands, to the same extent as its native horn citizens. 

Whereas, One of the greatest necessities of the age, in a 
political, commercial, postal, and military point of view, is a 
6peedy communication between the Pacific and Atlantic 
coasts ; therefore, be it resolved, 

1. That the National Democratic party do hereby pledge 
themselves to use every. means in their power to secure the 
passage of some bill, to the extent of the Constitutional au- 
thority by Congress, for the construction of a railroad to the 
Pacific Ocean at the earliest practicable moment. 



PLATFORM OF THE DOUGLAS PARTY OF 1860. 

Resolved, That we, the Democracy of the Union in Conven- 
tion assembled, hereby declare our affirmation of the resolu- 
tions unanimously adopted and declared as a platform of prin- 
ciples by the Democratic Convention at Cincinnati, in the 
year 1856, believing that Democratic principles are unchanga- 
ble in their nature when applied to the same subject matter, 
and we recommend as our only further resolutions the follow- 
ing: 

That inasmuch as differences of opinion exist in the Demo- 
cratic party as to the nature and extent of the powers of a 
Territorial Legislature, and as to the powers and duties of Con- 
gress, under the Constitution of the United States, over the 
institution of slavery in the territories ; 

Resolved, That the Democratic party will abide by the de- 
cision of the Supreme Court of the United States over the in- 
stitution of slavery in the territories. 

Resolved, That it is the duty of the United States to afford 
ample and complete protection to all its citizens, at home or 
abroad, and whether native or foreign born. 

Resolved, That one of the necessities of the age, in a mili- 
tary, commercial, and postal point of view, is a speedy com- 
munication between the Atlantic and Pacific States, and the 
Democratic party pledge such constitutional enactment as 
will insure the construction of a railroad to the Pacific coast 
at the earliest practical period. 



0$ POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 

Resolved, That the Democratic party are in favor of the ac- 
quisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms as shall be hon- 
orable to ourselves and just to Spain. 

Resolved, That the enactments of State Legislatures to de- 
feat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law are hos- 
tile in character, subversive to the Constitution, and revolu- 
tionary in their effect. 

Resolved, That it is in accordance wilh the Cincinnati Plat- 
form, that during the existence of Territorial Governments, 
the measure of restriction, whatever it may be, imposed by 
the Federal Constitution on the power of the Territorial Leg- 
islature over the subject of the domestic relations, as the same 
has been or shall hereafter be decided by the Supreme Court 
of the United States, should be respected by all good citizens, 
and enforced with promptness and fidelity by every branch of 
the General Government. 



THE REPUBLICAN PLATFORM OF 1860. 

Resolved, That we, the delegated representatives of the Re- 
publican electors of the United States, in Convention assem- 
bled, in the discharge of the duty we owe to our constituents 
and our country, unite in the following resolutions: 

1. That the history of the nation during the last four years 
has fully established the propriety and necessity of the organ- 
ization and perpetuation of the Republican party, and that the 
causes which called it into existence are permanent in their 
nature, and now, more than ever, demand its peaceful and 
constitutional triumph. 

2. That the maintenance of the principles promulgated in 
the Declaration of Independence, aiid embodied in the Federal 
Constitution, that "all men are created equal; that they are 
endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, 
among which are those of life, liberty and the pursuit of happi- 
ness, and that Governments are instituted among men to 
secure the enjoyment of these rights, deriving their just power 
from the consent of the governed"' — are essential to the pres- 
ervation of our republican institutions, and that the Federal 
Constitution, the rights of the States, and the union of the 
States, must and shall be preserved. 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 59 

3. That to the union of the States this nation owes its unpre- 
cedented increase in population, its surprising developments 
of material resources; its rapid augmentation of wealth; its 
happiness at home and its honor abroad; and we hold in 
abhorrence all schemes for disunion, come from whatever 
source they may; and we congratulate the country that no 
Republican member of Congress has uttered or countenanced 
the threats of disunion as often made by the Democratic mem- 
bers of Congress, without rebuke and with applause from their 
political associates ; and we denounce those threats of disunion 
in case of a popular overthrow of their ascendency, as denying 
the vital principles of a free Government, and as an avowal of 
contemplated treason which it is the imperative duty of an 
indignant people sternly to rebuke and forever silence. 

4. That the maintenance inviolate, of the rights of the 
States, and especially of each State, to order and control its 
own domestic institutions according to its own judgment ex- 
clusively, is essential to that balance of power on which the 
perfection and endurance of our political fabric depends ; and 
we denounce the lawless invasion by armed force of the soil 
of any State or Territory, no matter under what pretext, as one 
of the gravest of crimes. 

5. That the present Democratic Administration has far ex- 
ceeded our worst apprehensions in the measureless subserviency 
to the exactions of a sectional interest, as especially evinced 
in its desperate exertions to force the infamous Lecompton 
Constitution upon the protesting people of Kansas, construing 
the relation between master and servant to involve an unqual- 
ified property in persons; in its attempted enforcement every 
where, on land and sea, through the intervention of Congress 
and of the Federal Courts, of the extreme pretensions of a 
purely local interest; and in its general and unvarying abuse 
of the power entrusted to it by a confiding people. 

6. That the people justly view with alarm the reckless ex- 
travagance which pervades every department of the Federal 
Government. That a return to right economy and accounta- 
bility is indispensible to arrest the plunder of the public 
treasury by favored partisans, while the recent startling devel- 
opments of frauds and corruption at the Federal metropolis 
show that r.n entire change of administration is imperatively 
demanded. 



60 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 

7. That the new dogma that the Constitution of its own 
force carries slavery into any or all the Territories of the 
United States, is a dangerous political heresy, at variance with 
the explicit provisions of that instrument itself, with cotempo- 
raneous exposition, and with legislative and judicial prece- 
dents, that it is revolutionary in its tendency and subversive 
of the peace and harmony of the country. 

8. That the nominal condition of all the territory of the 
United States is that of freedom; that as our Republican fath- 
ers, when they had abolished slavery in all our national terri- 
tory, ordained that no person should be deprived of life, liberty 
or property without due process of law, it becomes our duty 
bv legislation, whenever such legislation is necessary, to 
maintain this provision of the Constitution against all attempts 
to violate it; and we deny the authority of Congress, or a Ter- 
ritorial Legislature, or of any individual, to give legal existence 
to slavery in any Territory of the United States. 

9. That we brand the recent re-opening of the African Slave 
Trade, under the cover of our national flag, aided by perver- 
sions of judicial power, as a crime against humanity, and a 
burning shame to our country and age; and we call upon 
Oongress to take prompt and efficient measures for the total 
and final suppression of that exercrable traffic. 

10. That in the recent vetoes by their Federal Governors 
of the acts of the Legislatures of Kansas and Nebraska, pro- 
hibiting slavery in these Territories, we find a practical 
illustration of the boasted Democratic principles of non-inter- 
vention and Popular Sovereignty, embodied in the Kansas- 
Nebraska bill, and a demonstration of the deception and fraud 
involved therein. 

11. That Kansas should, of right, be immediately admitted 
as a State under the Constitution recently formed and adopted 
by her people, and accepted by the House of Representatives. 

12. That while providing revenue for the support of the 
General Government, by duties upon imports, sound policy 
requires such an adjustment of these imports as to encourage 
the development of the industrial interests of the whole 
country, and we commend that policy of National Exchange 
which secures to the working men liberal wages, agriculture 
aremunerative prices, to merchants and manufacturers an ade- 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 61 



quate reward for their skill, labor and enterprise, and to the 
nation commercial prosperity and independence. 

13. That we protest against any sale or alienation to others 
of the public lands held by actual settlers, and against any 
view of the free homestead policy, which regards the settlers 
as paupers or suppliants for public bounty, and we demand 
the passage by Congress of the complete and satisfactory 
homestead measure which has already passed the House. 

14. That the National Republican party is opposed to any 
change in our naturalization laws, or any State Legislation, by 
which the rights of citizenship hitherto accorded to immigrants 
from foreign lands shall be abridged or impaired, and in favor 
of giving a full and efficient protection to the rights of all 
classes of citizens, whether native or naturalized, both at 
home and abroad. 

15. That appropriations by Congress for river and harbor 
improvements of a national character, is required for the ac- 
commodation and security of an existing commerce, or au- 
thorized by the Constitution and justified by the obligation 
of the Government to protect the lives and property of its 
citizens. 

16. That a railroad to the Pacific ocean is imperatively de- 
manded by the interests of the whole country; and that the 
Federal Government ought to render immediate and efficient 
aid in its construction, and that preliminary thereto, a daily 
overland mail should be promptly established. 

17. Finally, having thus set forth our distinctive principles 
and views, we invite the co-operation of all citizens, however 
differing in other questions, who substantially agree with us, 
in their affirmance and support. 



PLATFORM OF THE NATIONAL CONSTITUTIONAL PARTY OP 

1860. 

The Union, the Constitution and the Laws. 



62 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



UNION PLATFORM, ADOPTED AT BALTIMORE, JUNE 8, 1864. 

Resolved, That it is the highest duty of every American 
citizen to maintain against all its enemies, the integrity of the 
Union, and the paramount authority of the Constitution and 
laws of the United States, and that, laying all political opin- 
ions aside, we pledge ourselves, as Union men, animated by a 
common sentiment, and aiming at a common object, to do 
everything in our power to aid the Government in quelling, 
by force of arms, the rebellion now raging against its author- 
ity, and bringing to the punishment due to their crimes, the 
rebels and traitors arrayed against it. 

Resolved, That we approve the determination of the Gov- 
ernment of the United States not to compromise with rebels 
or to offer any terms of peace, except such as may be based 
upon an unconditional surrender of their hostility, &c , and a 
return to their just allegiance to the Constitution and laws of 
the United States, and that we call upon the Government to 
maintain this position, and to prosecute the war with the ut- 
most possible vigor to the complete suppression of the rebel- 
lion, in full reliance upon the self-sacrifices, the patriotism, 
the heroic valor, and the und} T ing devotion of the American 
people to their country and its free institutions. 

Resolved, That slavery was the cause, and now constitutes 
the strength of the rebellion, and that as it must be always 
and everywhere hostile to the principles of Republican Gov- 
ernments, justice and the national safety demand its utter and 
complete extirpation from the soil of the Republic, and that 
we uphold and maintain the acts and proclamations by which 
the Government, in its own defence, has aimed a deatli blow 
at this gigantic evil. We are in favor, furthermore, of such 
an amendment to the Constitution, to be made by the people 
in conformity with its provisions, as shall terminate and for- 
ever prohibit the existence of slavery within the limits of the 
jurisdiction of the United States. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the American people are due 
to the soldiers and sailors of the army and navy, who have 
periled their lives in defence of their country, and in vindi- 
cation of the honor of the flag; that the nation owes them 
some permanent recognition of their patriotism and their 
valor, and ample and permanent provision for those of their 
survivors who have received disabling and honorable wounds 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 63 



in the service of their country, and that the memories of those 
who have fallen in its defense, shall be held in grateful and 
everlasting remembrance. 

Resolved, That we approve and applaud the political wis- 
dom, the unselfish patriotism and unswerving fidelity to the 
Constitution and the principles of American 12berty with 
which Abraham Lincoln has discharged, under circumstances 
of unparalelled difficuly, the great duties and responsibilities 
of the Presidential office; that we approve and endorse, as 
demanded by the emergency and essential to the preservation 
of the nation, and as within the Constitution, the measures 
and acts which he has adopted to defend the nation against its 
open and secret foes; especially the Proclamation of Emanci- 
pation, and the employment, as Union soldiers, of men hereto- 
fore held in slavery, and that we have full confidence in his 
determination to carry these and all other Constitutional 
measures, essential to the salvation of tb,e country, into full 
and complete effect. 

Resolved, That we deem it essential to the general welfare, 
that harmony should prevail in the national councils, and we 
regard as worthy of public confidence and official trust those 
only who cordially endorse the principles proclaimed in these 
resolutions, and which should characterize the administration 
of the Government. 

Resolved, That the Government owes to all men employed 
in its armies, without distinction of color, the full protection of 
the laws of war, and any violation of these laws and of the 
usages of civilized nations in the time of war, by the rebels 
now in arms, should be made the subject of full and prompt 
redress. 

Resolved, That the foreign immigration, which in the past 
has added so much to the wealth and development of resources 
and increase of power to this nation, the asylum of the oppress- 
ed of all nations, should be fostered and encouraged by a 
liberal and just policy. 

Resolved, That we are in favor of the speedy construction of 
the railroad to the Pacific. 

Resolved, That the national faith is pledged for the redemp- 
tion of the public debt and must be kept inviolate; and that 
for this purpose we recommend economy and rigid responsi- 
bilities in the public expenditures, and a vigorous and just 



64 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



system of taxation ; that it is the duty of every loyal State to 
sustain the use of the national currency. 

Resolved, That we approve the position taken by the Gov- 
ernment, that the people of the United States can never regard 
•with indifference the attempt of European power to overthrow 
by force, or to supplant by fraud, the institutions of any Re- 
publican governmept on the "Western Continent, and that they 
will view with extreme jealousy, as menacing to the peace and 
independence of this our country, the efforts of any such power 
to obtain new footholds for monarchial governments sustained 
by a foreign military force in near proximity to the United 
States. 



FREMONT PLATFORM, ADOPTED AT CLEVELAND, MAY 31, 1864. 

1. That the Federal Union must be preserved. 

2. That the Constitution and laws of the United States 
must be observed and obeyed. 

3. That the rebellion must be suppressed by the force of 
arms, and without compromise. 

4. That the rights of Free Speech, Free Press, and the 
Habeas Corpus must be held inviolate, save in districts where 
martial law has been proclaimed. 

5. That the rebellion has destroyed slavery, and the Fed- 
eral Constitution should be amended to prohibit its re-estab- 
lishment. 

6. That the right for asylum, except for crime, and subject 
to law, is a recognized principle — a principle of American lib- 
erty ; that any violation of it must not be overlooked, and 
must not go unrebuked. 

7. That the National policy known as the Monroe doctrine 
has become a recognized principle, and that the establishment 
of an anti-republican form of government on this continent by 
a foreign power can not be tolerated. 

8. That the gratitude and support of the nation is due to 
the faithful soldiers, and the earnest leaders of the Union army 
and navy, for their heroic achievements and valor in defense 
of our imperiled country and of civil liberty. 

9. That the one term policy for the Presidency adopted by 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 65 



the people is strengthened by the existing crisis, and shall be 
maintained by constitutional amendments. 

10. That the Constitution shall be so amended that the 
President and Vice President shall be elected by a direct vote 
of the people. 

11. That the reconstruction of the rebellious States belongs 
to the people through their representatives in Congress, and 
not to the Executive. 

12. That the confiscation of the lands of the rebels and 
their distribution among the soldiers and actual settlers is a 
measure of jus! ice ; that integrity and economy are demanded 
at all times in the measures of the government, and that new 
the want of this is criminal. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM OF 1864. 

Resolved, That in the future, as in the past, we will adhere 
with unswerving fidelity to the Union under the Constitution 
as the only solid foundation of our strength, security and hap. 
piness as a people, and as a framework of government equally 
conducive to the welfare and prosperity of all the States, both 
Northern and Southern. 

Resolved, That this Convention does explicitly declare, as 
the sense of the American people, that after four years of fail- 
ure to restore the Union by experiment of war, during which, 
under the pretence of military necessity or war power higher 
than the Constitution, the Constituiion itself has been disre- 
garded in every part, and public liberty and private right alike 
trodden down, and the material prosperity of the country es- 
sentially impaired, justice, humanity, liberty and the public 
welfare demand that immediate efforts be made for a cessation 
of hostilities with a view to an ultimate convention of the 
States, or other peaceable means, to the end that at the earli- 
est practical moment peaco may bo restored on the basis of 
the Federal Union of the States. 

Resolved, That the direct interference of the military au- 
thorities of the United States in the recent elections held in 
Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri and Delaware was a shameful 

5 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



violation of the Constitution, and a repetition of such acts in 
the approaching election will be held as revolutionary, and re- 
sisted with all the means and power under our control. 

Resolved, That the aim and object of the Democratic party 
is to preserve the Federal Union and the rights of the States 
unimpaired, and they hereby declare that they consider that 
the administrative usurpation of extraordinary and dangerous 
powers not granted by the Constitution, the subversion of the 
civil by military law in States not in insurrection, the arbi- 
trary military arrest, imprisonment, trial and sentence of 
American citizens in States where the civil law exists in full 
force, the suppression of freedom of speech and of the press, 
the denial of the right of asylum, the open and avowed right 
of disregard of State rights, the employment of unusual test 
oaths, and the interference with, and denial of the right of the 
people to bear arms in their defense, is calculated to prevent 
a restoration of the Union and a perpetuation of the Govern- 
ment deriving its just powers from the consent of the gov- 
erned. 

Resolved, That the shameful disregard of the Administra- 
tion to its duty in respect to our fellow-citizens who now are, 
and long have been, prisoners of war in a suffering condition, 
deserves the severest reprobation on the scoro alike of public 
policy and common humanity. 

Resolved, That the sympathy of the Democratic party is 
heartily and earnestly extended to the soldiery of our army 
and sailors of our navy who are and have been in the field and 
on the sea, under the flag of their country, and in the event 
of its attaining power, they will receive all the care, protec- 
tion and regard that the brave soldiers and sailors of the Re- 
public have so nobly earned. 



THE CHICAGO PLATFORM, 1868. 

The following is the platform as adopted: 

The National Republican Party of the United States, as- 
sembled in National Convention, in the city of Chicago, on 
the 20th day of May, 1868, make the following declaration of 
principles: 

1. We congratulate the country on the assured success of 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 67 

the reconstruction policy of Congress, as evinced by the 
adoption, in the majority of the States lately in rebellion, of 
constitutions securing equal civil and political rights to all; 
and it is the duty of the Government to sustain those consti- 
tutions and to prevent the people of such States from being 
remitted to a state of anarchy. 

2. The guarantee by Congress of equal suffrage to all loyal 
men at the South was demanded by every consideration of 
public safety, of gratitude, and of justice, and must be main- 
tained, while the question of suffrage in all the loyal States 
properly belongs to the people of those States. 

3. We denounce all forms of repudiation as a national 
crime, and the national honor requires the payment of the 
public indebtedness in the utmost good faith to all creditors 
at home and abroad, not only according to the letter but the 
spirit of the laws under which it was contracted. 

4. It is due to the labor of the nation that taxation should 
be equalized and reduced as rapidly as the national faith will 
permit. 

5. The national debt, contracted as it has been for the 
preservation of the Union for all time to come, should be ex- 
tended over a fair period for redemption; and it is the duty of 
Congress to reduce the rate of interest thereon whenever it 
can be honestly done. 

6. That the best policy to diminish our burden of debt is 
to so improve our credit that capitalists will seek to loan us 
money at lower rates of interest than we now pay, and must 
continue to pay, so long as repudiation, partial or total, open 
or covert, is threatened or suspected. 

7. The Government of the United States should be admin- 
istered with the strictest economy, and the corruptions which 
have been so shamefully nursed and fostered by Andkew 
Johnson call loudly for radical reform. 

8. We professedly deplore the untimely and tragic death 
of Abraham Lincoln, and regret the accession of Andrew 
Johnson to the .Presidency, who has acted treacherously to 
the people who elected him, and the cause he was pledged to 
support — who has usurped high legislative and judicial func- 
tions — who has refused to execute the laws — who has used his 
high office to induce other officers to ignore and violate the 
laws — who has employed his executive powers to render inse- 



68 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



cure the property, the peace, liberty, and life of the citizen — 
who has abused the pardoning power — who has denounced 
the National Legislature as unconstitutional — persistently and 
corruptly resisted, by every measure in hU power, every 
proper attempt at the reconstruction of the States lately in 
rebellion — who has perverted the public patronage into an 
engine of wholesale corruption, and who has been- justly im- 
peached for high crimes and misdemeanors, and properly pro- 
nounced guilty thereof by the vote of thirty-five Senators. 

9. The doctrine of Great Britain and other European Pow- 
ers, that because a man is once a subject he is always so, 
must be resisted at every hazard by the United States as a 
relic of the feudal times, not authorized by the law of nations, 
and at war with our national honor and independence. Nat- 
uralized citizens are entitled to be protected in all their 
rights of citizenship as though they were native born ; and 
no citizen of the United States, native or naturalized, must 
be liable to arrest and imprisonment by any foreign power for 
acts done or words spoken in this country; and if so arrested 
and imprisoned it is the duty of the Government to interfere 
in his behalf. 

10. Of all who were faithful in the trials of the late war 
there were none entitled to more especial honor than the 
brave soldiers and seamen who endured the hardships of cam- 
paign and cruise, and imperiled t leir lives in the service of 
the country. The bounties and pensions provided by the laws 
for these brave defenders of the nation are obligations never 
to be forgotten. The widows and orphans of the gallant 
dead are the wards of the people, a sacred legacy bequeathed 
to the nation's protecting care. 

11. Foreign emigration, which in the past has added so 
much to the wealth, development, and resources and incres.se 
of power to this nation, the asylum of the oppressed of all 
nations, should be fostered and encouraged by a liberal and 
just policy. 

12. This Convention declares itself in sympathy with all 
the oppressed people which are struggling for their rights. 

The following resolutions were also adopted unanimously, 
and are aJded to the declaration of principles: 

Resolved, That we highly commend the spirit of magnan- 
imity and forgiveness with which the men who have served in 



POLITICAL PLATF0RM8. 69 

the rebellion, but now frankly and honestly co-operate with 
us in restoring the peace of the country and reconstructing 
the Southern State governments upon the basis of impartial 
justice and equal rights, are received back into the com- 
munion of the loyal people. And we favor the removal of 
the disqualifications and restrictions placed upon the late 
rebels in the same measure as the spirit of loyalty will direct, 
and as may be consistent with the safety of the loyal people. 
Resolved, That we recognize the great principles laid down 
in the immortal Declaration of Independence as the true 
foundation of Democratic government; and we hail with 
gladness every effort toward making these principles a living 
reality on every inch of American soil. 



DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM OF 1868. 

The Democratic party, in National Convention assembled, 
reposing its trust in the intelligence, patriotism, and discrimi- 
nating justice of the people, standing upon the Constitution as 
the foundation and limitation of the powers of the Government 
and the guarantee of the liberties of the citizen, and recog- 
nizing the questions of slavery andsecession as having been set- 
tled for all time to come by the war or the voluntary action of 
the Southern States in Constitutional Conventions assembled, 
and never to be revived or re agitated, do, with the return of 
peace, demand: 

1. The immediate restoration of all the States to their 
rights in the Union under the Constitution of the civil Gov- 
ernment and in the American people. 

2. Amnesty for all past political offenses ; the regulation of 
thpi elective franchise in the States by their citizens. 

3. Payment of the public debt of the United States as rap- 
idlj T as practicable, all money drawn from the people by taxa- 
tion, except so much as is requisite for the necessities of the 
Government economically administered being honestly ap- 
plied to such payment, and where the obligations of the Gov- 
ernment do not expressly state upon their face or the law 
under which they were issued does not provide that they shall 
be paid in coin they ought, in right and justice, be paid in the 
lawful money of the United States. 



'<0 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



4. Equal taxation of every species of property according 
to the value ; reducing Government bonds and other public 
securities. 

5. One currency for the Government and the people, the 
laborer and the office-holder, pensioner and the soldier, the 
producer and the bondholder. 

6. Economy in the administration of the Government ; the 
reduction of the standing army and navy ; the abolition of the 
Freedmen's Bureau, and all political instrumentalities de- 
signed to secure negro supremacy ; simplification of the system 
and discontinuance of inquisitorial modes of assessing and 
collecting internal revenue, that the burden of taxation may 
be equalized and lessened, and the credit of the Government 
and the currency made good ; the repeal of all enactments for 
enrolling the State militia into a national force in time of 
peace ; and a tariff for revenue upon foreign imports and such 
equal taxation under the internal revenue laws as will afford 
incidental protection to domestic manufactures as well, with- 
out impairing the revenue, impose the least burden upon and 
best promote and encourage the great industrial interests of 
the country. 

7. Reform of abuses in the Administration ; the expulsion 
of corrupt men from office ; the abrogation of useless offices ; 
the restoration of the rightful authority to and the independ- 
ence of the Executive and Judicial Departments of the Gov- 
ernment; the subordination of the military to the civil power, 
to the end that the usurpation of Congress and the despotism 
of the sword may cease. 

8. Equal rights and protection for naturalized and native 
born citizens at home and abroad ; the assertion of American 
nationality, which will command the respect of foreign powers 
furnish an example and encouragement to people struggling 
for national integrity, constitutional liberty, and individual 
rights ; and the maintenance of the rights of naturalized citi- 
zens against the absolute doctrine of immutable allegiance 
and the claims of foreign powers to punish them for alleged 
crimes committed beyond their jurisdiction. In demanding 
these measures and reforms, we airaign the radical party for 
its disregard of right and the unparalleled oppression and 
tyranny which have marked its career, after the most solemn 
and unanimous pledge of both houses of Congress to prose- 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 71 

cute the war exclusively for the maintenance of the Govern- 
ment and the preservation of the Union under the Constitu- 
tion. It has repeatedly violated that most sacred pledge 
under which was rallied that noble volunteer army which car- 
ried our flag to victory. Instead of restoring the Union it has, 
so far as it is in its power, dissolved it, and subjected ten States 
in time of peace to military despotism and negro supremacy. 
It has nullified there the right of trial by jury ; it has abolished 
the writ of habeas corpus, that most sacred writ of liberty; it 
has overthrown the freedom of speech and of the press ; it has 
substituted arbitrary seizures and arrests, military trials, se- 
cret star chambers, and inquisitions for constitutional tribu- 
nals; it has disregarded, in time of peace, the right of the 
people to be free from search and seizure; it has entered the 
post-office and telegraph office, and even the private rooms of 
individuals and seized there their private papers and letters, 
without any specification or notice of affidavit, as required by 
the organic law. It has converted the American Capitol into 
a bastile; it has established a system of spies and official espion- 
age to which the constitutional monarchies of Europe 
never dare to resort. It has abolished the right of appeal on 
important constitutional questions to the supreme judicial 
tribunals, and threatens to curtail or destroy its original juris- 
diction, which is irrevocably vested by the Constitution ; while 
the learned Chief Justice has been subjected to the most atro- 
cious calumnies merely because he would not prostitute his 
high office to the support of the false and partisan charges 
against the President. Its corruption and extravagance have 
exceeded anything known in history, and by its frauds and 
monopolies it has nearly doubled the burden of the debt cre- 
ated during the war. It has stripped the President of his 
Constitutional power of appointment even of his own Cabinet. 
Under its repeated assaults the pillars of the Government are 
rocking to their base ; and should it succeed in November 
next, and inaugurate its President, we will meet as a subjected 
and conquered people amid the ruins of liberty and the scat- 
tered fragments of the Constitution; and we do declare and 
resolve that ever since the people of the United States threw 
off all subjection to the British crown, the privilege and trust 
of suffrage have belonged to the several States, and have been 
granted, regulated, and controlled exclusively by the political 



72 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 

power of each State respectively, and any attempt by Con- 
gress, on any pretext whatever, to deprive any State of this 
right, or interfere with this exercise, is a flagrant usurpation 
of power which can find no warrant in the Constitution, and 
if sanctioned by the people will subvert our form of Govern- 
ment, and can only e^id in a single, centralized and consolidated 
Government, in which the separate existence of the States will 
be entirely absorbed, and an unqualified despotism then be 
established in place of a Federal Union of coequal States, and 
that we regard the reconstruction acts so called of Congress 
such usurpations and unconstitutional, revolutionary and void ; 
that our soldiers and sailors who carried the flag of our country 
to victory against a most gallant and determined foe must ever 
be gratefully remembered, and all the guarantees given in 
their favor must be faithfully carried into execution; that the 
public lands should be distributed widely among the people 
and should be disposed of either under the pre-emption of the 
homestead lands and sold in reasonable quantities, and to none 
but actual occupants, at the price established by the Govern- 
ment. When the grants of the public lands may be allowed 
necessary for the encouragement of important public improve- 
ments, the proceeds of the sale of such lands, and not the 
lands themselves, should be so applied ; that the President of 
the United States, Andrew Johnson, exercising the power of 
his high office in resisting the aggressions of Congress on the 
constitutional rights of the States and the people, is entitled 
to the gratitude of the whole American people, and on behalf 
of the Democratic party, we tender him our thanks for his 
patriotic efforts in that regard. 

Upon this platform the Democratic party appeal to every 
patriot, including all the conservative element, and all who 
desire to support the Constitution and restore the Union, for- 
getting all past differences of opinion, to unite with us in the 
present great struggle for the liberties of the people ; and that 
to all such, to whatever party they may have heretofore be- 
longed, we extend the right hand of fellowship, and hail all 
such co-operating with us as friends and brothers. 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 73 



REPUBLICAN PLATFORM, 1872. 

The Republican party of the United States, assembled in 
national convention in the city of Philadelphia on the 5th and 
6th days of June, 1872, again declares its faith, appeals to its 
history, and announces its position upon the questions before 
the country: 

1. During eleven years of supremacy it has accepted with 
grand courage the solemn duties of the time. It suppressed 
a gigantic rebellion, emancipated four millions of slaves, de- 
creed the equal citizenship of all, and established universal 
suffrage. Exhibiting unparalelled magnanimity, it criminally 
punished no man for political offenses, and warmly welcomed 
all who proved loyalty by obeying the laws and dealing justly 
with their neighbors. It has steadily decreased with firm 
hand the resultant disorders of a great war, and initiated a 
wise and humane policy toward the Indians. The Pacific rail- 
road and similar vast enterprises have been generously aided 
and successfully conducted, the public lands freely given to 
actual settlers, immigration protected aDd encouraged, and a 
full acknowledgement of the naturalized citizen's rights se- 
cured from European Powers. A uniform national currency 
has been provided, repudiation frowned down, the national 
credit sustained under the most extraordinary burdens, and new 
bonds negotiated at lower rates. The revenues have been care- 
fully collected and honestly applied. Despite annual large 
reductions of the rates of taxation, the public debt has been re- 
duced during General Grant's Presidency at the rate of a hun- 
dred millions a year, great financial crises have been avoided, 
and peace and plenty prevail throughout the land. Menacing 
foreign difficulties have been peacefull} 7 " and honorably com- 
posed, and the honor and power of the nation kept in high 
respect throughout the world. This glorious record of the 
past is the party's best pledge for the future. We believe 
the people will not intrust the Government to any party or 
combination of men composed chiefly of those who have re- 
sisted every step of this benificent progress. 

2. The recent amendments to the national Constitution 
should be cordially sustained because they are right, not 



74 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 

* I ■!■■ I ■ ■— - — ■ ■ - — ■■ ...I ■ ■—.— ■ ■^^— — 

merely tolerated because they are law, and should be carried 
out according to their spirit by appropriate legislation, the 
enforcement of which can safely be intrusted only to the 
party that secured those amendments. 

3. Complete liberty and exact equality in the enjoyment 
of all civil, political and public rights should be established 
and effectually maintained throughout the Union by efficient 
and appropriate State and Federal legislation. Neither the 
law nor its administration should admit any discrimination in 
respect of citizens by reason of race, creed, color, or previous 
condition of servitude. 

4. The national Government should seek to maintain hon- 
orable peace with all nation , protecting its citizens every- 
where and sympathizing with all peoples who strive for greater 
liberty. 

5. Any system of the civil service under which the subor- 
dinate positions of the government are considered rewards for 
mere party zeal is fatally demoralizing, and we therefore favor 
a reform of the system by laws which shall abolish the evils 
of patronage and make honesty, efficiency, and fidelity the 
-essential qualifications for public positions, without creating a 
life tenure of office. 

6. We are opposed to further grants of the public lands to 
corporations and monopolies, and demand that the national 
domain bo set apart for free homes for the people. 

7. The annual revenue, after paying current expenditures, 
pensions, and the interest on the public debt, should furnish 
a moderate balance for the reduction of the principal, and 
that revenue, except so much as may be derived from a tax 
upon tobacco and liquors, should be raised by duties upon im- 
portations, the details of which should be so adjusted as to 
aid in securing remunerative wages to labor, and promote the 
industries, prosperity, and growth of the whole country. 

8. We hold in undying honor the soldiers and sailors whose 
valor saved the Union. Their pensions are a sacred debt of 
the nation, and the widows and orphans of those who died for 
their oountry are entitled to the care of a generous and grate- 
ful people. We favor such additional legislation as will ex- 
tend the bounty of the Government to all our soldiers and 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 75 



sailors who were honorably discharged, and who in the line 
of duty became disabled, wkhout regard to the length of ser- 
vice or the cause of such discharge. 

9. The doctrine of Great Britain and other European Pow- 
ers concerning allegiance — "once a subject always a subject" 
— having at last through the efforts of the Republican party 
been abandoned, and the A m erican idea of the individual's 
right to transfer allegiance having been accepted by Euro- 
pean nations, it is the duty of our Government to guard with 
jealous care the rights of adopted citizens against the assump- 
tion of unauthorized claims by their former Governments, 
and we urge continued careful encouragement and protec- 
tion of voluntary immigration. 

10. The franking privilege ought to be abolished, and the 
way prepared for a speedy reduction in the rates of postage. 

11 Among the questions which press for attention is that 
which concerns the relations of capital and labor, and the 
Republican party recognizes the duty of so shaping legis- 
lation as to secure full protection an.d the amplest field for 
capital, and for labor, the creator of capital, the largest oppor- 
tunities and a just share of the mutual profits of these two 
great servants of civilization. 

12. We hold that Congress and the President have only 
fulfilled an imperative duty in their measures for the sup- 
pression of violent and treasonable organizations in certain 
lately rebellious regions, and for the protection of the ballot- 
box; and therefore they are entitled to the thanks of the 
nation. 

13. We denounce repudiation of the public debt, in any 
form or disguise as a national crime. We witness with pride 
the reduction of the principal of the debt, and the rates of in- 
terest upon the balance, and confidently expect that our ex- 
cellent national currency will be perfected by a speedy re- 
sumption of specie payment. 

14. The Republican party is mindful of its obligations to 
the loyal women of America for their noble devotion to the 
cause of freedom. Their admission to wider fields of useful- 
ness is viewed with satisfaction ; and the honest demand of 



76 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



any class of citizens for additional rights should be treated 
with respectful consideration. 

15. We heartily approve the action of Congress in extend 
ing amnesty to those lately in rebellion, and rejoice in the 
growth of peace and fraternal feeling throughout the land. 

16. The Republican party proposes to respect the rights 
reserved by the people to themselves as carefully as the 
powers delegated by them to the State and to the Federal 
Government. It disapproves of the resort to unconstitutional 
laws for the purpose of removing evils, by interference with 
rights not surrendered by the people to either the State or na- 
tional Government. 

17. It is the duty of the General Government to adopt such 
measures as may tend to encourage and restore American 
commerce and ship-building. 

18. We believe that the modest patriotism, the earnest pur- 
pose, the sound judgment, the practical wisdom, the incor- 
ruptible integrity, and the illustrious services of Ulysses S. 
Grant have commended him to the heart of the American 
people, and with him at our head we start to day upon a new 
march to victory. 

19. Henry Wilson, nominated for the Vice-Presidency, 
known to the whole land from the early days of the great 
struggle for liberty as an indefatigable laborer in all cam- 
paigns, an incorruptible legislator and representative man of 
American institutions, is worthy to associate with our great 
leader and share the honors which we pledge our best efforts 
to bestow upon them. 



NATIONAL LIBERAL REPUBLICAN CONVENTION, 1872. 



ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES. 

The Administration now in power has rendered itself guilty 
of wanton disregard of the laws of the land, and of usurping 
powers not granted by the Constitution ; it has acted as if the 
laws had binding force only for those who are governed, and 
not for those who govern. It ha3 thus struck a blow at the 
fundamental principles of constitutional government and the 
liberties of the citizen. 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 77 



The President of the United States has openly nsed the 
powers and opportunities of his high office for the promotion 
of personal ends. — _ 

He has kept notoriously corrupt and unworthy men in 
places of power and responsibility, to the detriment of the 
public interest. 

He has used the public service of the Government as a 
machinery of corruption and personal influence, and has inter- 
fered with tyrannical arrogance in the political affairs of 
States and municipalities. 

He has rewarded with influential and lucrative offices men 
who had acquired his favor by valuable presents, thus stimu 
latin g the demoralization of our political life by his conspicu- 
ous example. 

He has shown himself deplorably unequal to the task im- 
posed upon him by the necessities of the country, and culpa- 
bly careless of the responsibilities of his high office. 

The partizans of the Administration, assuming to be the 
Republican party and controlling its organization, have at- 
tempted to justify such wrongs and palliate such abuses to 
the end of maintaining partisan ascendency. 

They have stood in the way of necessary investigations and 
indispensable reforms, pretending that no serious fault could 
be found with the present administration of public affairs, 
thus seeking to blind the eyes of the people. 

They have kept alive the passions and resentment of the 
late civil war, to use them for their own advantage, they 
have resorted to arbitrary measures in direct conflict with the 
organic law, instead of appealing to the better instincts and 
latent patriotism of the Southern people by restoring to them 
these rights, the enjoyment of which is indispensable to a 
suc^esslul administration of their local affairs, and would tend 
to revive a patriotic and hopeful national feeling. 

They have degraded themselves and the name of their party, 
once justly entitled to the confidence of the nation, by a base 
sycophancy to the dispenser of executive power and patron- 
age, unworthy of republican freemen; they have sought to 
silence the voice of just criticism, and stifle the moral sen^e 
of the people, and to subjugate public opinion by tyrannical 
party discipline. 
They are striving to maintain themselves in authority for 



78 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



selfish ends by an unscrupulous use of the power which right- 
fully belongs to the people, and should be employed only in 
the service of the country. 

Believing that an organization thus led and controlled can 
no longer be of service to the best interests of the Republic, 
we have resolved to make an independent appeal to the sober 
judgment, conscience, and patriotism of the American people. 

RESOLUTIONS. 

We, the Liberal Republicans of the United States, in 
National Convention assembled at Cincinnati, proclaim the 
following principles as essential to just government: 

1. We recognize the equality of all men before the law, 
and hold that it is the dutv of government, in its dealings 
with the people, to mete out equal and exact justice to all, of 
whatever nativity, race, color, or persuasion, religious or 
political. 

2. We pledge ourselves to maintain the Union of these 
States, emancipation and enfranchisement, and to oppose any 
re-opening of the questions settled by the thirteenth, four- 
teenth, and fifteenth amendments of the Constitution. 

3. We demand the immediate and absolute removal of all 
disabilities imposed on account of the rebellion, which waa 
finally subdued seven years ago, believing that universal am- 
nesty will result in complete pacification in all sections of 
the country. 

4. Local self-government, with impartial suffrage, will guard 
the rights of all citizens more securely than any centralized 
power. The public welfare requires the supremacy of the civil 
over the military authority, and the freedom of person under 
the protection of the habeas corpus. We demand for the indi- 
vidual the largest liberty consistent with public order, for the 
State self-government, and for the nation a return to the 
methods of peace and the constitutional limitations of power. 

5. The civil service of the Government lias become a mere 
instrument of partisan tyranny and personal ambition, and an 
object of selfish greed. It is a scandal and reproach upon free 
institutions, and breeds a demoralization dangerous to the 
perpetuily of republican government. We therefore regard 
a thorough reform of the civil service as one of the most press- 
ing necessities of the hour ; that honesty, capacity, and fidelity 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 79 



constitute the only valid claims to public employment ; that 
the offices of the Government cease to be a matter of arbitrary 
favoritism and patronage, and that public station shall become 
again a post of honor. To this end it is imperatively required 
that no President shall be a candidate for re election. 

6. We demand a system of Federal taxation which shall 
not unnecessarily interfere with the industry of the people, 
and which shall provide the means necessary to pay the ex- 
penses of the Government, economically administered, the 
pensions, the interest on the public debt, and a moderate 
reduction annually of the principal thereof; and recognizing 
that there are in our midst honest but irreconcilable differ- 
ences of opinion with regard to the respective systems of 
protection and free trade, we remit the discussion of the sub- 
ject to the people in their congressional districts and the 
decision of Congress thereon, wholly free from executive inter- 
ference or dictation. 

7. The public credit must be sacredly maintained, and we 
denounce repudiation in every form and guise. 

8. A speedy return to specie payments is demanded alike 
by the highest considerations of commercial morality and 
honest government. 

9. We remember with gratitude the heroism and sacrifices 
of the soldiers and sailors of the Republic, and no act of ours 
shall ever detract from their justly earned fame or the full 
rewards of their patriotism. 

10. We are opposed to all further grants of lands to rail- 
roads or other corporations. The public domain should be 
held sacred to actual settlers. 

11. We hold that is the duty of the Government in its inter- 
course with foreign nations to cultivate the friendships of 
peace by treating with all on fair and equal terms, regarding 
it alike dishonorable either to demand what is not right or 
submit to what is wrong. 

12. For the promotion and success of these vital principles 
and the support of the candidates nominated by this conven- 
tion we invite and cordially welcome the co-operation of all 
patriotic citizens, without regard to previous political affili- 
ations. 



80 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, 1872. 

We, the Democratic electors of the United States in Con- 
vention assembled, do present the following principles, 
already adopted at Cincinnati, as essential to just government. 

1. We recognize the equality of all men before the law, 
and hold that it is the duty of Government in its dealings 
with the people to mete out equal and exact justice to all, of 
whatever nativity, race, color, or persuasion, religious or 
political. 

2. We pledge ourselves to maintain the union of these 
States, emancipation, and enfranchisement, and to oppose any 
re-opening of the questions settled by the thirteenth, four- 
teenth and fifteenth amendments to the Constitution. 

3. We demand the immediate and absolute removal of all 
disabilities imposed on account of the rebellion, which was 
finally subdued seven years ago, believing that universal am- 
nesty will result in complete pacification in all sections of 
the country. 

4. Local self-government, with impartial suffrage, will 
guard the rights of all citizens more securely than any cen- 
tralized power. The public welfare requires the supremacy of 
the civil over the military authority, and freedom of person 
under the protection of the habeas corpus. We demand for 
the individual ihe largest liberty consistent with public 
order; for the State self-government, and for the nation a re- 
turn to the methods of peace and the constitutional limita- 
tions of power. 

5. The civil service of the Government has become a mere 
instrument of partisan tyranny and personal ambition, and 
an object of selfi>h greed. It is a scandal and reproach upon 
free institutions and breeds a demoralization dangerous to 
the perpetuity of republican government. We. therefore re- 
gird a thorough reform of the civil service as one of the most 
pressing necessities of the hour; that honesty, capacity, and 
fidelity constitute the only valid claim to public employ- 
ment; that the offices of the government cease to be a mat- 
ter of arbitrary favoritism and patronage, and that public 
station become again a post of honor. To this end it is im- 
peratively required thai no President shall be a candidate lor 
re-election. 



POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 81 



6. We demand a system of Federal taxation which shall 
not unnecessarily interfere with the industry of the people, 
and which shall provide the means necessary to pay the ex- 
penses of the Government, economically administered, the 
pensions, the interest on the public debt, and a moderate re- 
duction annually of the principal thereof; and recognizing 
that there are in our midst honest but irreconcilable differ- 
ences of opinion with regard to the respective systems of 
protection and free trade, we remit the discussion of the sub- 
ject to the people in their Congressional districts, and to the 
decision of the Congress thereon, wholly free from executive 
interference or dictation. 

7. The public credit must be sacredly maintained, and we 
denounce repudiation in every form and guise. 

8. A speedy return to specie payment is demanded alike 
by the highest considerations of commercial morality and 
honest government. 

9. We remember with gratitude the heroism and sacrifices 
of the soldiers and sailors of the Republic, and no act of ours 
shall ever detract from their justly earned fame for the full 
reward of their patriotism. 

10. We are opposed to all further grains of lands to rail- 
roads or other corporations. The public domain should be 
held sacred to actual settlers. 

11. Wo hold that it is the duty of the Government in its 
intercourse with foreign nations to cultivate the friendships 
of peace, by treating with all on fair and equal terms, regard- 
ing it alike dishonorable either to demand what is not right 
or to submit to what is wrong. 

12. For the promotion and success of these vital princi- 
ples, and the support of the candidates nominated by this 
convention, we invite and cordially welcome the co-operation 
of all patriotic citizens, without regard to previous political 
affiliations. 

NATIONAL LABOR REFORM CONVENTION, 1872. 

We hold that all political power is inherent in the people, 
and free government founded on their authority and estab- 
lished lor iheii benefit j that all citizens are equal in political 

6 



82 POLITICAL PLATFOKMS. 

rights, entitled to the largest religious and political liberty 
compatible with the good order of society, as also the use and 
enjoyment of the fruits of their labor and talents ; and no man 
or set of men is entitled to exclusive separable endowments 
and privileges, or immunities from the Government, but in 
consideration of public services; and any laws destructive of 
these fundamental principles are without moral binding force, 
and should be repealed. And believing that all the evils re- 
sulting from unjust legislation now affecting the industrial 
classes can be removed by the adoption of the principle con- 
tained in the following declaration : Therefore, 

Resolved, That it is the duty of the Government to estab- 
lish a just standard of distribution of capital and labor by 
providing a purely national circulating medium, based on the 
faith and resources of the nation, issued directly to the people 
without the intervention of any system of banking corpora- 
tions, which money 6hall be legal tender in the payment of all 
debts, public and private, and interchangeable at the option 
of the holder for Government bonds bearing a rate of interest 
not to exceed 3-65 per cent., subject to future legislation by 
Congress. 

2. That the national debt should be paid in good faith, ac- 
cording to the original contract, at the earliest option of the 
Government, without mortgaging the property of the people 
or the future exigencies of labor to enrich a few capitalists at 
home and abroad. 

3. That justice demands that the burden of Government 
should be so adjusted as to bear equally on all classes, and 
that the exemption from taxation of Government bonds bear- 
ing extravagant rates of interest is a violation of all just prin- 
ciples of revenue laws. 

4. That the public lands of the United States belong to the 
people and should not be sold to individuals nor granted to 
corporations, but should be held as a sacred trust for the ben- 
efit of the people, and should be granted to landless settlers 
only, in amounts not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres 
of land. 

5. That Congress should modify the tariff so as to admit 
free such articles of common use as we can neither produce 
nor grow, and lay duties for revenue mainly upon articles of 
luxury and upon such articles of manufacture as will, we hav- 



POLITICAL PLATFOKMS. 83 

ing the raw materials, assist in further developing the re- 
sources of the country. 

6. That the presence in our country of Chinese laborers, 
imported by capitalists in l~rge numbers for servile use, is an 
evil, entailing want and its attendant train of misery aud crime 
on all classes of the American people, and should be prohib- 
ited by legislation. 

7. That we ask for the enactment of a law by which all 
mechanic? and day-laborers employed by or on behalf of the 
Government, whether directly or indirectly, through persons, 
firms, or corporations, contracting with the State, shall conform 
to the reduced standard of eight hours a day, recently adopted 
by Congress for national employes, and also for an amendment 
to the act3 of incorporation for cities and towns by which all 
laborers and mechanics employed at their expense shall con- 
form to the same number of hours. 

8. That the enlightened spirit of the age demands the abo- 
lition of the system of contract labor in our prisons and other 
reformatory institutions. 

9. That the protection of life, liberty, and property are the 
three cardinal principles of Government, and the first two are 
more sacred than the latter; therefore money needed for 
prosecuting wars should, as it is required, bo assessed and col- 
lected from the wealthy of the country, and not entailed as a 
burden on posterity. 

10. That it is the duty of the Government to exercise its 
power over railroads and telegraph corporations, that they 
shall not in any case be privileged to exact such rates of 
freight, transportation, or charges, by whatever name, as may 
bear unduly or unequally upon the producer or consumer. 

11. That i here should be such a reform in the civil service 
of the national Government as will remove it beyond all part- 
isan influence, and place it in the charge and under the direc- 
tion of intelligent and competent business men. 

12. That as both history and experience teaches us that 
power ever seeks to perpetuate itself by every and all means, 
and that its prolonged possession in the hands of one person 
is always dangerous to the interests of a free people, and 
believing that the spirit of our organic laws and the stability 
and safety of our free institutions are best obeyed on the one 



84 POLITICAL PLATFORMS. 



hand, and secured on the other, by a regular constitutional 
change in the chief of the country at each election : therefore, 
we are in favor of limiting the occupancy of the presidential 
chair to one term. 

13. That we are in favor of granting general amnesty and 
restoring the Union at once on the basis of equality of rights 
and privileges to all, the impartial administration of jusiice 
being the only true bond of union to bind the States together 
and restore the Government of the people. 

14. That we demand the subjection of the military to the 
civil authorities, and the confinement of its operations to 
national purposes alone. 

15. That we deem it expedient for Congress to supervise 
the patent laws, so as to give labor more fully the benefit of 
its own ideas and inventions. 

16. That fitness, and not political or personal considera- 
tions, should be the only recommendation to public cmce, 
either appointive or elective, and any and all laws looking to 
the establishment of this principle are heartily approved. 



' ■ 



THE BAXTER LIQUOR LAW. 



AN ACT to regulate the sale of intoxicating liquors; to provide against 
evils resulting from any sale thereof; to furnish remedies for damages 
suffered by any person in consequence of 6uch 6ale; prescribing penal 
ties; to repeal all laws contravening tke provisions of this act, and 
declaring an emergency. 

[Approved February 27, 1873.] 

Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the 
State of Indiana, That it shall be unlawful for any person or 
persons, by himself or agent, to sell, barter, or give away for 
any purpose of gain, to any person whomsoever, any intoxi- 
cating liquors to be drunk in, upon, or about the building or 
premises where the liquor is sold, bartered, or given away, or 
in any room, building, or premises adjoining to or connected 
with the place where the liquor is sold, bartered, or given 
away for the purpose of gain, until such person or persons 
shall have obtained a permit therefor from the board of com- 
missioners of the county where he resides, as hereinafter 
provided. 

Sec. 2. Any person desiring a permit to sell intoxicating 
liquors to be drunk on the premises, shall file in the office of 
the auditor of the proper county, not less than twenty days 
before the first day of the term of any regular session of the 
board of commissioners of such county, a petition in writing, 
stating therein the building or number, street, ward or town- 
ship wherein the permission is asked to be granted, praying 
for such permit, and certifying that the applicant is a resident 
voter of such county, and a citizeu of the State of Indiana, and 
that he is a proper person to have and reoeive such permit ; 
which petition shall be signed by the applicant, and also by a 
majority of the legal voters resident in the ward, if it be in a 

(85) 



86 THE BAXTER LIQUOR LAW. 

city or town, if it be in an incorporated town, or township 
wherein the applicant proposes to sell intoxicating liquors; 
such petition shall be kept on file by the auditor until the 
next ensuing regular session of the board of commissioners, 
when it shall be presented to the board for their action. The 
board shall examine such petition, and if satisfied the same is 
in proper form, and that it has been signed as hereinbefore 
required, shall direct a permit to be issued under the hand 
and seal of said auditor, and delivered to the person named in 
such permit, upon his complying with the provisions of this 
act and paying the costs of filing and recording said petition 
aud costs of issuing said permit. 

Sec. 3. Before the granting of a permit by tne board of 
commissioners, the applicant shall cause to be executed and 
properly acknowledged before an officer authorized to take 
acknowledgment of deeds, a bond payable to the State of 
Indiana, in the sum of three thousand dollars, with good free- 
hold security thereon of not less thau two persons, to be ap- 
proved by the board of commissioners, and conditioned for the 
payment of any and all fines, penalties and forfeitures incurred 
by reason of the violation of any of the provisions cf this act; 
and conditioned further, that the principal and sureties therein 
named shall be jointly and severally liable, and shall pay to 
any person or persons, any and all damages which shall in any 
manner be suftered by or inflicted upon any such person or 
persons, either in person or property, or means of support, by 
reason of any sale or sales of intoxicating liquors to any person, 
by the person receiving such permit or by any of his agents 
or employees. Separate suits may be brought on 6aid bond 
by the person or persons injured, but the aggregate amount 
recovered thereon shall not exceed the said sum of three 
thousand dollars, and in case the amount of said bond shall be 
exhausted by recoveries thereon, a new bond in the same pen- 
alty and with like sureties shall be filed within ten days, and 
in default thereof said permit shall be deemed to bo revoked. 
Such bond, after its approval by the board of commissioners, 
shall be filed in the office of the auditor of the county, and 
shall be recorded by such auditor forthwith in a book prepared 
for that purpose, and shall there remain for the use of the 



THE BAXTER LIQUOR LAW. 87 

State of Indiana, and for the use of any person or persons 
sufering any damage as hereinbefore set forth. Such bond 
may be sued and recovered upon in any court having civil 
jurisdiction in the county (except justices' courts) by or for 
the use of any person or persons, or their legal representatives, 
wio may be injured or damaged by reason of any sale or sales 
of intoxicating liquors by the person receiving the peimit or 
ty any of his agents or employees. The record of the bond 
a* a copy thereof, duly certified by such auditor, shall be 
idmissible in evidence in any suit on such bond, and shall 
lave the same force and effect as the original bond would 
lave if offered in evidence. 

Sec. 4. The whole number of votes cast for candidates for 
Congress at the last preceding Congressional election in the 
township, and the whole number of votes cast for councilman 
or trustee in any ward or town, at the last preceding munici- 
pal election in any city or town in which the applicant for 
permit desires to sell said intoxicating liquors, shall be 
deemed to be the whole number of legal voters of such ward, 
town or township, a majority of whose names shall be signed 
to the petition of such applicant ; and it is further provided, 
that any person not a legal voter in said ward, town or town- 
ship, who shall sign said petition, or any person who signs the 
name of any person other than himself, without the permis- 
sion previously obtained of said person to so sign his name, 
shall be fined not less than fifty nor more than one hundred 
dollars for each signature so made. 

Sec. 5. No permit, as herein provided for, shall be granted 
for a longer or shorter time than one year. It shall be the 
duty of the Auditor of the county to furnish the person to 
whom such permit is granted, a copy of the order of the Com- 
missioners granting the permit, which copy shall show in con- 
spicuous letters the date of the commencement of such 
permit, and of its expiration; and it is further provided, 
That such copy of the order of the Commissioners, certified 
by the Auditor, shall be hungup in a conspicuous place in the 
room where said liquor is sold, where the same may at all 
time3 be seen and read by any person desiring so to do. 
Should any person holding a permit be convicted of a viola- 
tion of any of the provisions of this act, 6uch conviction shall 



88 THE BAXTER LIQUOR LAW. 

work a forfeiture of his permit, and of all rights thereunder; 
and no permit shall thereafter be granted to such person be- 
fore the expiration of five years from the date of such con- 
viction. 

Sec. 6. It shall be unlawful for any person, by himself or 
agent, to sell, barter, or give intoxicating liquors to any 
minor, or to any person intoxicated, or to any person who is 
in the habit of getting intoxicated. 

Sec. 7. All places where intoxicating liquor is sold in viola- 
tion of this act, shall be taken, held, and declared to be com' 
mon nuisances; all rooms, taverns, eating-houses, bazaars 
restaurants, drug stores, groceries, coffee-houses, cellars, oi 
other places of public resort, where intoxicating liquors are 
sold in violation of this act, shall be shut up and abated as 
public nuisances, upon conviction of the keeper thereof, who 
shall be punished as hereinafter provided. 

Sec. 8. Any person or persons who shall by the sale of in- 
toxicating liquor, with or without permit, cause the intoxica- 
tion, in whole or in part, of any other person, shall be liable 
for and be compelled to pay a reasonable compensation to any 
person who may take charge of and provide for such intoxi- 
cated person, for every day he or she is so cared for, which 
6um may be recovered in an action of debt before any court 
having competent jurisdiction. 

Sec. 9. It shall be unlawful for any person to get intoxica- 
ted. A person found in a state of intoxication shall upon con- 
viction thereof, be fined in the sum of five dollars. Any 
person convicted of intoxication shall be required upon the 
trial to designate the person or persons from whom the liquor 
in whole or in part was obtained. In default of so designa- 
ting such person, he or she shall in addition to the fine above 
mentioned, and as a part of his or her punishment for the 
offense, be imprisoned in the county jail not less than one 
day nor more than ten days, at the discretion of the court. 

Sec. 10. A permit granted under this act shall not author- 
ize the person so receiving it to sell intoxicating liquors on 
Sunday, nor upon the day of any State, county, township, or 
municipal election, in the township, town or city where the 
same may be held; nor upon Christmas day, nor upon the 
Fourth of July, nor upon any Thanksgiving day, nor upon any 
public holiday, nor between nine o clock p. m. and six o'clock 



THE BAXTER LIQUOR LAW. 89 

A. m.; and any and all sales made on any such day, or after 
nine o'clock on any evening, are hereby declared to be un- 
lawful, and upon conviction thereof, the person so selling 
shall be fined not less than five dollars nor more than twenty- 
five dollars for each sale made in violation of this section. 

Sec. 11. The bartering or giving away of intoxicating li- 
quors, or other shift or device to evade the provisions of this 
act, by any person or persons keeping liquors for sale, or by 
his agent or employee, at the place where the same are kept 
for sale, shall be deemed and held to be an unlawful selling 
or giving away for the purpose of gain within the provisions 
of this act. 

Sec. 12. In addition to the remedy and right of action pro- 
vided for in section eight of this act, every husband, wife, 
child, parent, guardian, employer, or other person who shall 
be injured in person or property, or means of support, by any 
intoxicated person, or in consequence of the intoxication, 
habitual or otherwise, of any person, shall have a right of ac- 
tion in his or her name, severally or jointly, against any per- 
son or persons who shall, by selling, bartering, or giving away 
intoxicating liquors have caused the intoxication, in whole or 
in part, of such person, and any person or persons owning, 
renting, leasing or permitting the occupation of any building 
or premises, and having knowledge that intoxicating liquor is 
to be sold therein, or having leased the same for other pur- 
poses, shall knowingly permit therein the sale of intoxicating 
liquor, or who having been informed that intoxicating liquor 
is sold therein that has caused, in whole or in part, the intoxi- 
cation of any person, who shall not immediately, after being 
so informed, take legal steps in good faith to dispossess said 
tenant or lessee, shall be liable jointly with the person selling, 
bartering or giving away intoxicating liquor as aforesaid, to 
any person or persons injured, for all damages, and for exem- 
plary damages ; Provided, however, that execution on any 
such judgment shall first be levied on the property of the per- 
son selling, bartering or giving away such liquor, and in the 
event of a failure or insufficiency of such property to satisfy 
the judgment, then of the property of the other defendants, 
A married woman shall have the same right to bring suit and 
to control the same, and the ammount recovered as a femme 
sole, and all damages recovered by a minor under this act 



90 THE BAXTER LIQUOR LAW. 

shall be paid either to 6uch minor or to his or her parent, 
guardian or next friend, as the court shall direct. The unlaw- 
ful sale or giving away of intoxicating liquor shall work a for- 
feiture of all rights of the lessee or tenant under any lease or 
contract of rent, upon tho premises where such unlawful sale, 
bartering or giving away shall take place. All suits for dam- 
ages under this act may be by any appropriate action in any 
of the courts in this State having competent jurisdiction. 
All judgments recovered under the provisions of thisactmay 
be enforced without any relief or benefit from the valuation 
or appraisement laws. 

Sec. IS. In all cases where husband, wife, parent, child or 
guardian shall have a right of action as provided in section 
twelve of this act, and shall fail or refuse to prosecute the 
same, and in all cases where such intoxicated person has 
neither husband, wife, parent, child or guardian, the township 
trustee or other officer having charge of the poor of the town- 
ship where such intoxicated person resides, shall have a right 
of action as provided in said section twelve, and it is hereby 
made the duty of such officer to prosecute all such actions in 
the name of such township. All money collected upon such 
judgments, after deducting therefrom all costs and charges 
against such township occasioned thereby, shall be paid by 
the township trustee, or other officer, into the treasury of the 
county for the benefit of the poor of such county ; provided 
that tho name of any husband, wife, parent, child or guardian, 
upon proper petition therefore before final judgment, may be 
substituted for the name of the township, but such person so 
substituted shall have no power to dismiss such action, or 
compromise the same in any manner, except by permission of 
the court. 

Sec. 14. For every violation of the provisions of the first 
and sixth sections of this act, the person so offending shall 
forfeit and pay a fine of not less than ten dollars nor more than 
fifty dollars, or be imprisoned in the jail of the county not 
less than ten nor more than thirty days. For every violation 
of the provisions of the seventh section of this act, any per- 
son convicted as the keeper of any of the places therein de- 
clared to be nuisances, shall forfeit and pay a fine of not less 
than twenty nor more than fifty dollars, and such place or 
places, so kept by such person so convicted, shall be shut up 



THE BAXTER LIQUOR LAW. 91 

and abated as a common nuisance by the order of the court 
before which such conviction may be had as a further punish- 
ment, and such order shall be a part of the judgment of con- 
viction. 

Sec. 15. For the payment of all fines, costs and damages 
assessed or adjudged against any person or persons in conse- 
quence of the sale of intoxicating liquors as provided for in 
this act, the real estate and personal property of such person 
or persons, of every kind, shall be liable, and such fines, costs 
and damages shall be a lien upon such real estate until paid. 

Sec. 16. The penalties and provisions made in the four- 
teenth section of this act may be enforced by indictment in 
any court of record having criminal jurisdiction; and ail pecu- 
niary fines or penalties provided for in any of the sections of 
this act, except the eighth and twelfth, may be enforced and 
prosecuted for before any justice of the peace of the proper 
county, in an action of debt, in the name of the State of In- 
diana as plaintiff; and in case of conviction, the offender 
shall stand committed to the jail of the county until judg- 
ment and costs are fully paid, and the magistrate or court in 
which the conviction is had, shall issue a writ of capias ad 
satisfaciendum therefor. Justices of the peace shall have 
jurisdiction of all actions arising under the eighth and 
twelfth sections of this act, when the amount in controversy 
does not exceed two hundred dollars, such actions to be pros- 
ecuted in the name of the party injured or entitled to the 
debt or damages provided for in said eighth and twelfth sec- 
tions. 

Sec. 17. It shall be unlawful for any person to buy for or 
furnish to any person who is at the time intoxicated, or in 
the habit of getting intoxicated, or to buy for or furnish to 
any minor, to be drunk by such minor, any intoxicating liquor. 
Any person or persons violating this section shall be fined not 
less than five dollars nor more than fifty dollars. 

Sec. 18. In all prosecutions under this act, by indictment 
or otherwise, it shall not be necessary to state the kind of 
liquor sold, or to describe the place where sold, and it shall 
not be necessary to state the name of the person to whom 
sold. In all cases, the person or persons to whom intoxica- 
ting liquors shall be sold in violation of this act, shall be com- 



02 THE BAXTER LIQUOR LAW. 



petent witnesses to prove such facts or any others tending 
thereto. 

Sec. 19. The following form of complaint shall be sufficient 
in criminal proceedings before justices of the peace or mayors, 
under this act when applicable, but may be varied to suit the 
nature of the case, namely : 

SrATE op Indiana, County, ss. Before me, A. 

B., a justice of the peace of said county, (or mayor of, &c, as 
the case may be), personally came C. D., who, being duly 
sworn according to law, deposeth and saith that on or about 
the day of , in the year , at the 

county aforesaid, E. F. did sell intoxicating liquors to one G. 
H. to be drunk in the place where sold, (or to G. H., a minor, 
&c.,) or to a person intoxicated, or in the habit of getting in- 
toxicated, as the case may be, where intoxicating liquors are 
sold in violation of law, and further saith not. 

^ (Signed) C. D. 

Sworn to and subscribed before me this day of 

A.D., 

Sec. 20. All laws and parts of laws conflicting with this 
act, or with any of the provisions of this act, be and the same 
are hereby repealed; but nothing in this act shall be so con- 
strued as to prohibit the common councils of cities and the 
boards of trustees of incorporated towns, from demanding and 
enforcing a fee for permit, from all keepers of coffee houses, 
saloons, or other places where intoxicating liquor is sold and 
drunk within the limits of their respective corporations. 

Sec. 21. It is hereby declared that an emergeny exists for 
the immediate taking effect of this act, it shall, therefore, be 
in force from and after its passage, except in so far as relates 
to those who hold a license under the existing laws of the 
State. This act shall apply to such as now have license imme- 
diately after the expiration thereof. 



V 



GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 



:o:- 



" It is not easy to give an accurate and comprehensive defi- 
nition of the science of geology. It is, indeed, not so much 
one science, as the application of all the physical sciences to 
the examination of the structure of the earth, the investiga- 
tion of the processes concerned in the production of that 
structure, and the history of their action. That this large 
view of geology is not only a true but a necessary one, is 
shown by the fact, that it was not until considerable advances 
had been made in all the physical sciences which relate di- 
rectly to the earth, that geology could begin to exist in any 
worthy form. It was not until the chemist was able to explain 
the nature of the mineral substances of which rocks are com- 
posed ; not till the geographer and meteorologist had explored 
the surface of the earth, and taught us the extent of land and 
water, and the powers of winds, currents, rains, glaciers, earth- 
quakes and volcanoes ; not until the naturalist had classified, 
named, acd described the greater part of existing animals and 
plants, and explained their anatomical structure, and the laws 
of their distribution in space;— that the geologist could, with 
any chance of arriving at sure and definite results, commence 
his researches into the structure and composition of rocks and 
the causes which produced them, or utilize his discoveries of 
the remains of animals and plants that are inclosed in them. 
He could not until then discriminate with certainty batween 
igneous and aqueous rocks, between living and extinct ani- 
mals, and was, therefore, unable to lay down anyone of the foun- 
dations on which his own science was to rest." — Encyclopedia 
Britannica, &th edition, vol. xv. 

If there is any one fact which the study of geology teaches 
more unmistakably than another, it is, that the matter com- 
posing the cru8tof the earth, from the time when it was first 
called into existence by the Hat of the Creator to the present, 
baa been subjected to an endless cycle of mutations. There 

(93) 



94 GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 



may have been periods of comparative rest and quiescen e, 
but" none of perfect stagnation and stability ; so that the pres- 
ent condition and configuration of the earth's surface may be 
considered as the last result of a series of cosmical changes, 
which commenced with the dawn of creation, and are con- 
tinuing on into the future. 

"Had the exterior crust of the earth been subjected to no 
modifying causes, the world would have presented the same 
appearance now as at the time of its creation. The distribu- 
tion of land and sea would have remained the same ; there 
would have been the same surface arrangement of hill, valley 
and plain, and the same unvarying aspects of animal and veg- 
etable existence. Under such circumstances, geology, instead 
of striving to present a consecutive history of change and 
progress, would have been limited to a mere description of 
permanently enduring appearances. The case, however, is 
widely different." There is no part of the present land-surface 
of the globe which has not at some time been covered by the 
ocean, while much of the present sea bottom has been in turn 
dry land. Many of the loftiest and most extensive ranges of 
mountains upon the globe— the Alps, the Andes, and the 
Himalayas— are of comparatively recent elevation (recent as 
compared with the White Mountains of New England, or the 
Appalachian chain of the Atlantic States); while the com- 
mencement of the existence of every animal and vegetable 
Bpecies at present found upon the earth was long subsequent 
to the existence of the myriad organisms, whose remains are 
now found fossil beneath its surface. 

The agencies which have produced, and are still tending to 
produce, changes in the constitution and structure of our 
planet, may be classified as follows : 1. Igneous agencies, or 
such as manifest themselves in connection with some deep- 
seated source of heat in the interior of the globe. 2. Aque- 
ous, or those arising from the action of the water. 3. Atmos- 
pheric, or those operating through the medium of the atmos- 
phere. 4. Organic, or those depending on animal and 
vegetable growth. 5. Chemical, or those resulting from the 
chemical action of substances on each other. — Wells' Illus- 
trated Geology. 



GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 95 



THE TEMPERATURE OF THE EARTH. 

The following are some of the observations made most re- 
cently on this subject: In England, observations have been 
made in the vertical shafts of two very deep coal mines, viz., 
at Monkwearmouth, which is 1800 feet deep, and Dunkinfield 
which is upwards of 2000 feet deep, and in both cases the ob- 
servations were made while the workmen were sinking the 
shafts, and with every precaution against the influence of any 
extraneous causes. The former g ive an increase of 1 deg. of 
Fahrenheit for every sixty feet of depth, and the latter 1 deg. 
for about every seventy feet. The artesian well of Grenelle 
(Paris), is 1800 feet deep ; observations made by Arago, during 
the boring, showed that the average increase of temperature 
in this was 1 deg. for sixty feet. At Mordorff, Luxemburg, the 
depth of the artesian well is 2400 feet, and the increase in 
temperature 1 deg. for every fifiy-seven feet. At the artesian 
well of New Seltzwork, in Westphalia, the depth is 2300 feet, 
and the increase 1 deg. for every fifty-five feet. At Louisville, 
Ky.,the depth of an artesian well, finished in 185D, is 2086 feet 
deep, and the average increase is I deg. for every sixty-seven 
feet below the first ninety feet from the surface. In the silver 
mine of Guanaxato, Mexico, 1713 leet deep, the increase is 1 
deg. for every forty-five feet. In the coal mines of Eastern 
Virginia, the increase is about 1 deg. for every sixty feet. 

VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS. 

One or two remarkable instances of volcanic eruptions may 
be briefly noticed. First, for duraiion and force we may refer 
to that which took place in the island of Sumbawa (one of the 
Sunda Islands lying east of Java), in the year 1S15. It com- 
menced on the 5th of April, and did not entirely cease until 
July. Its influence (i. e. shocks, and the noise of the explo- 
sions) was perceptible over an area 1,S00 miles in diameter, 
while within the range of its more immediate vicinity, embrac- 
ing a space of 400 miles, its effects were most terrific. In Java, 
300 miles distant, it seemed to be awfully present. The sky 
was overcast at noon day with clouds of ashes, which the light 
of the sun was unable to penetrate, and fields, streets, and 
houses were covered with ashes to the depth of several inches. 
At Sumbawa itself, immense columns of flame appeared to 
burst forth from the top of the volcano, Tombora, and in a 



96 GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 



short time the whole mountain appeared like a mass of liquid 
fire, which gradually extended iu every direction. As the 
eruption continued, a darkness supervened, so profound as to 
obscure even the light of the flames; showers of stones and 
ashes fell continuously over the whole island; the sea rose 
twelve feet higher than it had ever been known to do before; 
and finally a whirlwind ensued, which tore up the largest trees, 
and carried them into the air, together with men, horses, cat- 
tle, and whatever else came within its influence. Of 12.000 
inhabitants in the vicinity only six are believed to have es- 
caped, and of some entire villages not even a vestige remained. 

In 1772, the Papandayang, one of the loftiest volcanic moun- 
tains in Java, after a short but severe eruption, suddenly fell 
in and disappeared in the earth, carrying with it about ninety 
square miles of territory. Forty villages were engulfed, or 
covered with ejected matter, at the same time, and nearly 
3,000 persons perished. — Welti Illustrated Geology- 

DESCRIPTIONS OF AN EARTHQUAKE. 

"A powerful eathquake," says Mr. Darwin, "at once destroys 
the oldest associations ; tho world, the very emblem of all that 
is solid, has moved beneath our feet like a crust over a fluid; 
one second of time has conveyed to the mind a strange idea of 
insecurity, which hours of reflection would never have created." 

"To man," says Rumbolt, "the earthquake conveys an idea 
of some universal and unlimited danger. We may flee from 
the crater of a volcano in active eruption, or from a locality 
threatened by the approach of a lava stream; but in an earth- 
quake, direct our flight whithersoever we will, we still feel as 
though we trod upon the very focus of destruction. Every 
sound — the faintest motion in the air — arrests our attention, 
and we no longer trust the ground on which we stand. Ani- 
mals, especially dogs and swine, participate in the same anxioaa 
disquietude ; and even crocodiles, in the rivers of South Amer- 
ica, which at other times are dumb, have been observed to 
quit the water and run, with loud cries, into the adjacent 
forestB." 

AQUEOUS AND ATMOSPHERIC AGENCIES. 

The aqueous aud atmospheric agencies most prominently 
concerned in producing geological changes, are rains, and tht 



GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 97 



gasses and moisture of the atmosphere, winds* ice, and snow, 
springs, rivers, waves, tides, and oceanic currents. 

The operation of water, acting mechanically, is, under all 
circumstances, to wear down the higher portions of the earth's 
crust, and transport the materials to lower localities — an ac- 
tion which obviously tends to reduce the whole surface to a 
smooth and uniform level. On the other hand, the operations 
of igneous agents — volcanoes, earthquakes, etc. — by breaking 
up and elevating the crust of the earth, tend to counteract the 
equalizing action of water and to produce that diversity of- 
surface which is indispensable to variety in both the vegetable 
and animal kingdoms. These two forces, therefore — the aque- 
ous and the igneous — may be considered as antagonistic to 
each other, and to them may be ascribed the principal modifi- 
cations which have taken place, and are still taking place, in 
the crust of the globe. — WeWs Illustrated Geology. 

CORAL REEFS. 

"The ocean," says Mr. Darwin, ,l throwing its breakers on 
the outer shore, appears an invincible enemy, yet we see it re- 
sisted, and even conquered, by means which at first seem weak 
and inefficient. No periods of repose are granted, and the 
heavy swell caused by the steady action of the trade wind 
never ceases. The breakers exceed in violence those of our 
temperate regions; and it is impossible to behold them with- 
out feeling a conviction that rocks of granite or quartz would 
ultimately be demolished by such irresistable forces. Yet 
these low coral islands stand aud are victorious, for here 
another power, antagonistic to the former, takes part in the 
contest. The organic forces separate the atoms of carbonate 
of lime, one by one, from the foaming breakers, and unite 
them into a symmetrical structure ; myriads of architects are 
at work day and night, month after month, and we see their 
soft and gelatinous bodies, through the agency of the vital 
laws, conquering the great mechanical power of the waves of 
the ocean, which neither the art of man nor the mechanical 
works of nature could successfully resist." The animals which 
produce coral are very simple, and resemble plants both in 
their figures and colors. 
7 



9S GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 



THE FIRST FORMED STRATIFIED ROCKS. 

The adoption of the theory, that our earth was once in a 
state of entire molten fluidity, involves the existence of a sub- 
sequent period, when its primeval crust had sufficiently cooled 
down to allow of the condensation of watery vapor and of the 
existence of a sea upon its surface. Whenever this happened, 
the eroding and destructive action of water must have imme- 
diately manifested itself, while the particles of the consolida- 
ted igneous crust, worn off by the action of waves, tides, and 
currents, and deposited as sediments, would naturally produce 
stratified formations. 

The internal heat of the earth at that period, however, must 
have contiuued to act with great intensity near the surface, 
and the strata first deposited, consequently, were, in all prob- 
ability, soon greatly metamorphosed, i. e., remelted dowp to 
form igneous rocks, or converted into hard crystalline ^emi- 
igneous rocks, that retained, in part, their original lines of 

stratification. 

Whether any of these first formed stratified rocks are in ex- 
istence, and open to our inspection, it is impossible to affirm. 
Some geologists incline to the opinion that thej were entirely 
remelted, and are now represented by the older or funda- 
mental granites, which, in some instances, appear to have an 
obscurely stratified structure. 

Be this as it may, it is, however, a matter of fact, that the 
oldest rocks of which wa have any knowledge, which exhibit 
evidence of a sediment iry origin, appear to have been formed 
under conditions analogous to those above supposed. Thus, 
they are all more or less crystalline and indurated ; their line3 
of stratification are indistinct, and often altogether oblitera- 
ted ; and their whole aspect is very different from what is 
usually ascribed to rocks deposited in water. — Wells 1 Illustra- 
ted Geology. 

FORMATION OF COAL. 

It is now universally admitted by geologists, that coal is a 
mass of compressed, altered, and mineralized vegetation, just 
as sandstone is consolidated sand, and the slate and shale con. 
solidated clay or mud. 

The evidence upon which the belief is founded may be 
briefly stated, as follows : 

1st. The enormous profusion of fossil plants, in the form of 



GEOLOGICAL ITEM8. 99 



impressions of leaves, trunks, branches, and barks of trees, 
found in immediate connection with coal seams. 2d. Coal ia 
composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, the same ele- 
ments (though differing in proportion) which enter into the 
composition of planis. 3d. The subs! unco of coal, when ex- 
amined under the microscope, affords unmistakable evidence 
of a vegetable (cellular) structure. 4th. All the stages of 
gradation between perfect wood and perfect coal may be 
traced with the greatest certainty. 

But granting the vegetable origin of coal, the question im- 
mediately suggests itself: Under what circumstances could 
so great an amount of vegetable matter have ever accumu- 
lated ? — the magnitude of which may be realized in a degree, 
from the asserted fact "that all the forests of the United 
States, if gathered into one heap, would fail to furnish the ma- 
terials of a single coal seam equal to that of Pittsburg, Penn." 

Furthermore, coal is found stratified, laminated, and ex- 
tended, in horizontal bed3, which often cover very large areas, 
with a nearly constant thickness — the great Pittsburg coal 
seam, above referred to for example, having a nearly uniform 
thickness of from eight to twelve feet, and is estimated to 
have once covered a surface of 90,000 square miles. Coal, 
moreover, is ordinarily encased between beds of shale or 
sandstone, which bear evident proof of having been slowly 
deposited in quiet waters. In some coal fields, as many as 
seventy seams of coal, varying in thickness from a few inches 
to four, six, eight, ten, twelve, and twenty feet, occur thus in- 
terstratified with shales and sandstones ; and yet, notwith- 
standing these frequent alternations of material, the purity of 
the coal is such, that it rarely contains any considerable ad- 
mixture of mud, sand, or other foreign mineral substances. 

In explanation of these phenomena, various hypotheses 
have been suggested, but the general opinion of the best ge- 
ologists of the present day is, that the vegetable matter con- 
stituting coal, must, in the main, have grown and accumu- 
lated in immense jungles and peat mosses for many years ; 
that the land must have then sunk, and become the basin of a 
lake or estuary, into which rivers carried mud and sand ; these^ 
covering the vegetable matter, gradually consolidated into 
shales and sandstones, while the vegetable matter itself un- 
derwent the process cf mineralization, and was converted into 



77R5R4 



100 GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 



coal. This being done, it is supposed that the area of deposit 
was again elevated, so as to become once more the scene of 
luxuriant vegetation ; then again submerged, and overlaid by- 
new depr A sandstone and shale; then once more elevated 
and cov with plants, and again submerged ; and these al- 

ternal of submergence and elevations are presumed to 

have m place as often as there are beds of coal in any par* 
ticular coal field. — Well's Illustrated Geology. 

CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE CARBONIFEROUS ERA. 

There is one circumstance in connection with the formation 
of coal which has given rise to a vast amount of ingenious 
speculation and hypotheses, viz: the apparent sameness of 
external conditions over such extensive areas of the earth as 
are now occupied by our known coal fields. Thus, the same 
gigantic ferns and club-mosses are found alike in the coal 
fields of America, Europe, Melville Island, Greenland, and 
Australia — regions widely separated, and at once tropical, 
temperate, and frigid. To ac*ount for this luxuriance and 
homogeneity of vegetable growth various causes have been 
suggested, as the earth's central heat, a change in the earth's 
axis, a larger percentage of carbonic acid in the atmosphere, 
the planetary system moving through warmer regions of space 
and iho like ; but thus far geologists have arrived at no definite 
conclusions on the subject. 

Deposits of carbonaceous matter have occurred at almost 
every period of tho earth's historv, as is evidenced by the fact 
that thin seams of coal are found in almost all the geological 
systems ; but the coal beds which admit of economical work- 
ing are almost exclusively confined to the carboniferous sys- 
tem. Tho only exceptions are a few coal fields belonging to 
the Oolitic or Jurassic system, which, in Virginia and some 
other localities, admit of profitable mining. It seems, there- 
fore, certain, that whatever may have been the conditions 
which allowed of 60 abundant a terrestrial vegetation at this 
particular epoch of the earth's history, those conditions ceased 
about the time when the era of the Carboniferous system ter- 
minated. A high temperature was evidently not one of these 
conditions, for there are evidences of it afterwards; and 6ome 
authorities incline to the belief that the superabundance of 
carbonic acid gas, which is supposed to have existed during 



GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 101 



this era, was expended before its close. " There can be no 
doubt that the infusion of a large amount of this gas into the 
atmosphere at the present day would be attended by precisely 
the same circumstances as in the time of the coal epoch. The 
higher forms of animal life would not have a place on earth. 
Vegetation would be enormous ; and coal strata would be 
formed from the vast accumulations of woody matter, which 
would gather in every favorable locality." 

DISTRIBUTION OF COAL. 

Coal is very widely distributed over the world, although 
some countries are more highly favored than others. Avail- 
able coal fields occur in Great Britain ; in Spain, France, Bel- 
gium and Middle Europe; in India, China and Japan ; in the 
islands of the Indian Archipelago ; in Australia and New 
Zealand ; in South America, Chili and Peru ; in Greenland, 
Melville Island and in British America. But nowhere is the 
coal formation more extensively displayed than in the United 
States, and nowhere are its beds of greater thickness, more 
convenient for working, or of more valuable quality. 

The eastern half of the continent of North America exhibits 
five great coal fields, extending from Newfoundland to Arkan* 
sas: 1. The first, or most eastern, is that of the British Prov- 
inces, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. Its 
area is probably about 9,000 square miles, though only one 
tenth of this surface appears to be underlaid by productive 
coal seams. 2. The second, or Great Appalachian coal field, 
extends from Pennsylvania and Ohio to near Tuscaloosa, in 
the interior of Alabama. It is about 875 miles long, and is es- 
timated to contain 70,000 square miles. 3. A third, and 
smaller coal field, occupies the center of the State of Michi- 
gan ; it covers an area of about 15,000 square miles, but is not 
very productive. 4. A fourth great coal field is situated in 
the States of Kentucky, Indiana and Illionois. Its area is es- 
timated at 50,000 square miles. 5. The fifth, and most western, 
occurs in Iowa, Missouri and Arkansas, and occupies an area 
of about 57,000 square miles. Besides these great deposits, 
coal is also found in New England, Kansas, Nebraska, and 
Texas. 

The aggregate space underlaid by the coal fields of North 
America amounts to at least 200,000 square miles, or to more 



102 GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 



than twenty times the area which includes all the known coal 
deposits of Europe. — Wells' Geology. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

The number of species of animals that now inhabit the globe 
is about 250,000. The number of fossil species of animals and 
plants cannot be reliably estimated, but it is safe to say that 
the number of the different extinct species that have been 
found in fossil stale exceeds many times the number of all the 
different species now living. 

Geologists claim four distinct periods or ages of the earth's 
history. Beginning at the oldest, they are called or named, 
First, the Azoic period, or period deficient of the evidence 
of life; Second, Paleozoic, or period of ancient life; Third, the 
Mesozoic, or period of middle life ; Fourth, or last period, 
called Cainozoic. This period includes the Post Tertiary, or 
recent system of rocks or period of recent life. 

A picture of the Azoic period has thus been imagined by 
Hugh Miller. "During the early part of the Azoic period we 
may imagine," he says, " a dark atmosphere of steam and va- 
por, which, for age after age conceals the face of the sun, and 
through wLich the moon or stars never penetrates; oceans of 
thermal waters, heated in a thousand centers to the boiling 
point ; low, half molten islands, dim through the fog and scarce 
more fixed than waves themselves, that heave and tremble 
under the impulsions of the igneous agencies ; roaring geysers 
that ever and anon throw up their intermittent jets of boiling 
fluid, vapor and thick steam, from these tremulous lands ; and 
in the dim outskirts of the scene, the red gleam of fire shot 
forth from yawning cracks and deep chasms. Such would 
be the probable state of things among the times of the earlier 
gneiss and mica-chist deposits — times buried deep in that 
chaotic night which must have continued to exist for, may 
hap, many ages after that beginning of things in which God 
created the heavens and the earth." 

At length, however, as the earth's surface gradually cooled 
down and the enveloping waters sunk to a lower temperature, 
let us suppose during the latter times of the mica schist and 
the earlier times of the clay slate, tho steam atmosphere would 
become less dense and thick, and finally the rays of the sun 
would struggle through it; at first doubtful and diffused, form- 



GEOLOGICAL ITEMS. 103 



ing a faint twilight, but gradually strengthening, as the later 
ages of the slate formation passed away, until at the close of 
the great primary period day and night — the one still dim and 
grey, the other wrapped in the pall of darkness — would suc- 
ceed each other as now, as the earth revolved on its axis. 

The number of active volcanoes on our globe are about 275 
Humboldt suggests the idea that volcanoes are merely vents, 
located above some far extended subterranean crack or fissure 
in the crust of the earth, through which the molten matter of 
the interior escapes to the surface. 

The falls of Niagara are 150 feet in height, and the average 
amount of water passing over each minute is estimated at 
670,000 tons. This water, by its abrading power, lias undoubt- 
edly excavated for itself the gorge or channel — seven miles 
long, 200 feet deep, and 1,200 to 2,000 feet wide — which now 
intervenes between the falls and Lake Ontario. The minimum 
time required to wear through this space has beeu estimated 
by Sir Charles Lyell, at 35,000 years. — WelVs Illustrated Geol. 

STRATIFIED ROCKS. 

The stratified rocks of Great Britain have been studied more 
than any other of the earth, and as the result of these investi- 
gations it has been found that the extinct mammalia, found in 
fossiliferous rocks, is more numerous by half than all tli6 
species now existing; and of molluscs, the fossil species nine 
times as numerous as the living species ; the fossil fish five 
times, the reptiles ten times, and the radiate fourteen times. 

The geologist finds no trace of that golden age of the world 
of which the poets delighted to sing, when all creatures lived 
together in peace, and wars and bloodshed were unknown. 
Ever since animal life began on our planet, there existed, in 
all departments of being, carniverous classes, who could not 
live but by the death of their neighbors ; and who were armed, 
in consequence, for their destruction, like the butcher with 
his axe and knife, and the angler with his hook and spear. 

In Europe, the caverns or caves that have been discovered, 
have contained the remains or skeletons of a great many of 
the different species of animals that now inhabit the earth, 
and of others that are now extinct. For instance, the bones 
and skeletons of the mammoth are found in great numbers; 
also of the mastadon, the epoch of the mastadon, in a geolog- 
ical sense, is very recent. Some think that the mammoths 
and mastadons did not become entirely extinct in this country 
until after the advent of man. Sir Charles Lyell is of the 
opinion that the period of the extinction of the mastadon, 
although recent, must have been many thousand years ago. 



PHILOSOPHY. 



-:o: 



No two particles of matter can occupy the same space at the 
same time. 

All bodies weigh heaviest at the earth's surfaoe. A body 
that weighs 10 pounds at the earth's surface will weigh but 
2£ pounds 4,000 miles high. 

Take two cog-wheels of the same size; let one stand still 
put the cogs together and put the other in motion, and when 
it has made one-half revolution around the standing wheel it 
will have made a full revolution on its own center, notwith- 
standing only one-half of the cogs of its own surface has 
touched the standing wheel. 

Tho atmosphere is the lightest in wet, rainy weather ; yet 
we find people very often who think different. The medium 
pressure of the atmosphere is about fifteen pounds to the 
square inch, but this is not always the case. The pressure 
will vary in the same locality, and sometimes be greater or 
less. The medium hight that atmospheric pressure will raise 
water is about 33 feet ; but this calculation only holds good at 
the level of the sea, because as we ascend from the sea level 
the pressure becomes less; hence, our calculations for raising 
water by atmospheric pressure must be governed by the pres- 
sure that atmosphere has at the hight of the position above 
the sea level. Illustration: At sea level atmospheric pressure 
fifteen pounds to the square inch ; one mile above sea level, 
about 12^- pounds; two miles above, 10 pounds; three miles, 
7$ pounds ; consequently, on an elevation three miles high, 
water cannot be raised but about 1G£ feet by the weight of 
the air. 

The top or upper part of a wagon wheel passes through a 
greater amount of space in a given time when running than 
the bottom ; or, in other words, runs the fastest. 

(104) 



PHILOSOPHY. 105 



The piston rod of a steam engine makes two complete stops at 
every revolution of the crank attached to the end of the pitman. 

Hok9e Power. — The average power of a horse is sufficient to 
raise a weight of about 23,000 pounds one foot per minute, but 
when calculating the horse power of a 6team engine it is esti- 
tmated at 33,000 pounds. It then follows that a ten horse 
powers team engine is, in fact, about equal to fourteen average 
horses. 

Power of Steam. — One cubic foot of water converted iuto 
steam will raise the enormous weight of three and a half mil- 
lion pounds one foot, or seven hundred pouuds one mile high. 

All bodies or particles of matter fall to the eath by the at- 
traction of gravity, and their speed is in proportion to their 
density ; but take away the resisting force of the atmosphere, 
then a cork or feather will fall as fast as a bullet. 

Resultant motion may be illustrated by holding a ball or 
weight in your hand and dropping it from the top of your head 
while running, you will find that you cannot run fast enough 
to overtake the ball before it strikes the ground. 

A ball may be shot from a cannon from the top of a tower 
on a horizontal plain, and another dropped from the mouth of 
the cannon at the same time, and they will both strike the 
earth at the same time, provided the surface be horizontal 
with the cannon. 

Lever power is almost indispensable, or in other words, 
without it we could scarcely do anything; yet to take in con- 
sideration distance and speed, there is not a particle of power 
gained by a lever. Illustration : Suppose a lever 20 feet long, 
the fulcrum 2 feet from one end of the lever, 10 pounds on the 
long end of the lever is equal to 100 pounds on the short end ; 
but to raise the 100 pounds one foot the ten pounds passes 
through 10 feet of space, consequently it travels ten times as 
fast as the 100 pounds, so all that is gained in power is lost in 
speed and distance ; because if both ends of the lever was of 
the same length while one end of the lever was passing 
through ten feet of space the other end would pass through 
the same ten feet ; and ten pounds would raise ten pounds ten 
feet high, or ten times as high as the ten pounds on tho long 
end of the lever would raise the 100 pounds on th j short end. 



SKETCHES OF ASTRONOMY. 



:0;- 



OBIGIN OF THE SOLAE SYSTEM:. 

Many theories have been propounded at different periods 
of the history of astronomy, respecting the original formation 
of our Solar System, as well as all other suns and systems, 
which it has pleased the great creator of all things to call 
into existence, but no one has gained so great favor or excited 
so violent opposition, as the theory first proposed by Sir Wil- 
liam Ilerschel, and afterwards more especially applied by the 
celebrated La Place to the formation of the solar system. 

This theory may be thus stated :•— In the beginning all the 
matter composing the sun, planets, and satellites was diffused 
through space, in a state of exceedingly minute division, the 
ultimate particles being held asunder by the repulsion of 
heat. In process of time, under the action of gravitation, tin 
mass assumed a round or globular shape, and the particles 
tending to the centre of gravity, a motion of rotation on an 
axis would commence. The gpeat mass, now gradually cool- 
ing and condensing, must increase its rotary motion, thereby 
increasing the centrifugal force at the equator of the revolv- 
ing mass, until, finally, a ring of matter is actually detached 
from the equator, and is left revolving in space by the shrink- 
ing away from it, of the interior mass. If now we follow this 
isolated ring of matter, we find every reason to believe that 
its particles will gradually coalesce into a globular form, and 
in turn form satellites, as it was itself formed. It is unneces- 
sary to pursue the reasoning further, for the same laws which 
produce one planet from the equator of the central revolving 
mass, may produce many — until finally, the process is ended 
by a partial solidification of the central mass, so great, that 
gravity aided by the attraction of cohesion, is more than suf 
ficient to resist the action of the centrifugal force, and no fur 
ther cha*age occurs. 

(106) 



SKETCHES OF ASTBONOMY. 107 

It has been urged in favor of this theory, that it accounts 
for the striking peculiarities which are found in the organiza- 
tion of the solar system. That the rings of Saturn are positive 
proofs of the truth of the theory, they having cooled and con- 
densed without breaking. That the individuals constituting 
a system thus produced, must revolve and rotate as do the 
planets and satellites, and in orbits of the precise figure and 
position, as those occupied by the planets. It accounts for 
the rotation of the sun on its axis, and presents a solution of 
the strange appearance connected with the sun called the 
Zodiacal Light. It goes further and accounts for the forma- 
tion of single, double, and multiple suns and stars — and by the 
remains of chaotic matter in the interstics between the stars, 
and which are finally drawn to some particular sun, whose in- 
fluence in the end preponderates, accounts for the comets 
which enter our system from every region in space. 

In support of this theory it has been urged that the comets, 
in their organization, presents us with specimens of this finely 
divided nebulous or chaotic matter — and that the telescope 
reveals cloudy patches of light of indefinite extent, scattered 
throughout space, which give evidence of being yet unformed 
and chaotic. That many stars are found in which the bright 
nucleus or centre is surrounded by a halo or haze of nebulous 
light, and that round nebulous bodies are seen with the teles- 
cope, of an extent vastly greater than would fill the entire 
space encircled by the enormous orbit of the planet La 
Verrier, or having a diameter greater than 7,000 millions of 
miles. 

Such are a few of the arguments in support of this most ex- 
traordinary theory. We now present the objections which 
have been most strongly insisted on. The retrogade motions 
of the satellites of Ilerschel, and their great inclination to 
the plane of the ecliptic can not be accounted for by this 
theory. That computation shows that no atmosphere of con- 
densed nebulous matter can extend to so great a distance from 
the sun, as does the matter composing the Zodiacal Light, and, 
finally, that the nebulous matter in the heavens will ulti- 
mately be resolved into immense congeries and clusters of 
stars, whose great distance has hitherto defied the power of 
the best instruments. 

In reply to the first objection, the friends of the theory doubt 



• 



108 SKETCHES OP ASTRONOMY. 

the facts with reference to the satellites of Herschel. They 
reply that the matter composing the Zodiacal Light being in 
the nature of cometary matter, is thrown to a greater distance 
from the sun than gravity would warrant, by that power resid- 
ing in the sun which is able on the approach of comets to 
project those enormous trains of light, which sometimes render 
them so wonderful. As to the last objection, it is urged that 
although many nebulae will doubtless be resolved into stars, 
by using more powerful telescopes, yet that these same teles- 
copes will reveal more new nebulae which cannot be resolved, 
than they will resolve — and as to the existence of nebulous 
matter, it is perfectly demonstrated by the physical organiza- 
tion of comets, and the existence of nebulous stars. 

Such was the state of the Astronomical argument, when 
Lord Rosse's Great Reflector was first applied to the explora- 
tion of the distant regions of space. In a religious point of 
view, this theory had excited no small amount of discussion, 
in consequence of its supposed Atheistical tendencies. The 
friends of the theory contend that it was no more Atheistical 
to admit the formation of the universe bylaw, than to acknowl- 
edge that it is now sustained by laws. Indeed since we must 
go to the first great cause for matter in its chaotic 6tate, as 
well as for the laws which govern matter, that this theory gave 
to us a grander view of the omniscience and omnipotence of 
God than could be obtained from any other source. In fine, 
that it harmonized with the declaration of scripture, which 
tells us that "In the beginning God created the heavens and 
the earth, and the earth was witJoout form and void" If the 
earth came into existence in its present condition, then it had 
form and was not void. Hence, this first grand declaration of 
tho inspired writer must refer to the formation of the matter 
of which the heavens and earth were afterwards formed. Some 
went so far as to trace out dimly a full account of this theory 
in the order of creation, as laid down in Gensis. 

Let us now proceed to the discoveriesof Lord Rosse, and their 
influence on this greatly disputed theory. The space penetrat- 
ing power of his six feet reflector is much greater than that 
of Sir William Herschel's great telescope, and it was anti- 
cipated that many nebulae which were unresolved into clusters 
of 6tars by Hershel, would yield under the greater power and 
light of Lord Rosse's telescope. This has proved to be the 



SKETCHES OP ASTRONOMY. 109 

fact. Very many nebulas have been removed from their old 
places, and must hereafter figure among the clusters, while we 
are informed that many yet remain, even of the old nebulas, 
which defy the power of the monster telescope. 

The most remarkable object which has been resolved by 
Lord Rosse, is the great nebula in Orion, one of the most 
extraordiuary objects in the heavens. Its size is enormous, 
and its figure very extraordinary. In certain parts adjoining 
the nebula the heavens are jet black, either from contrast or by 
the vacuity of these regions. Two immense spurs of light are 
seen to project from the principal mass of the nebula, and to 
extend to a most extraordinary distance. This will be better 
understood, by remembering that at the distance at which this 
nebula is removed from us, the entire diameter of the earth's 
orbit, 190 millions of miles, is an invisable point, less than one 
second, while this nebula extends to many thousands of times 
this distance, and more probably to many millions of times. 

Several stars have been found, and are visible on the nebula, 
but have hitherto been regarded as being between the eye of 
the observer and this remote object. Sir William Herschel 
was unable to resolve this mysterious body, and yet the nebula 
gave indications of being of the resolvable kind by its irreg- 
ular and curdled appearance under high powers. Several 
years since Dr. J. Lamont, of Munich, after a rigid scrutiny, of 
this nebula with his great Refractor, pronounced a portion of 
it to be composed of minute stellar points, and predicted its 
final perfect resolution into stars by greater power. This pre- 
diction has been fully verified, for Lord Rosse's great Reflector 
has solved the mystery, and filled this extraordinary object 
with the "jewelry of stars." 

But the question recurs, what have the defenders of the 
nebular theory lost, or its enemies gained by this interesting 
discovery? We are all liable to reach conclusions too hastily, 
and to join issue on false points. If the nebular theory depen- 
ded for its existance upon the irresolvability of the nebula in 
Orion, then indeed has the theory been entirely exploded. 
But this is not the fact. No one has asserted that the 
great nebula in Orion was nebulous matter, and if it were not, 
then none existed. Such an issue would have been a false ono, 
had it been made. 

The theory has neither lost nor gained by the discoveries 



110 SKETCHES OF ASTRONOMY. 

thus far made; what time may develope it is impossible to 
say. In case certain data can be obtained, which appear to be 
accessible, then indeed may we demonstrate its truth or false- 
hood, by mathematical investigation. Until then, the safer 
plan is neither to adopt nor reject, but investigate until abso- 
lute truth shall reward our long continued labor, and reveal 
the mystery of the organization of that stupendous system, ot 
which our humble planet forms an insignificant part. — Smith's 
Astronomy. 

The sun is the center of the solar system, around which all 
other planets belonging to our universe revolve. The names 
of all the primary planets that have been discovered that con- 
stitute the solar system, are the Sun, Mercury, Venus, the 
Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Herschel, Uranus, Neptune, and 
twenty-three asteroids, or small planets. The approximate 
distance each of the large planets travel in making one revo- 
lulion around the sun is about as follows: 

Mercury, number of miles 220,000,000 

Venus, " " " 403,000,000 

Earth, " " " 570,000,000 

Mars, " " " 852,000,000 

Jupiter, " " " 2,910,000,000 

Saturn, ' 5,340,000,000 

Herschel, 10,800,000,000 

LaVerrier " •• " 11, 100,000,000 

COMETS. 

Very little is known of the physical nature of comets. 
They are thought by some astronomers to be about as dens© 
as smoke. They are bodies that revolve around the sun in 
very elongated orbits, and some astronomers think that the 
greater number visit our system but once, and then fly off in 
nearly straight lines, and go to revolve around other suns in 
the far-off distant heavens. The length of the tail of a comet, 
as measured by astronomers, seem almost incredible. 

Comet of 1680, length of the tail 123,000,000 miles. 

Do. 1744, " " 35,000,000 " 

Do. 1700, " ■ 48,000,000 " 

Do. 1811, " " 130,000 000 " 

Do. 1843, " " 130,000,000 " 

The sun is 1,384,472 times as large as the earth ; Jupiter is 
1,280 times larger than the earth, and Saturn 1,000 times. 



SKETCHES OF ASTRONOMY. Ill 



DIRECTIONS FOR FINDING THE NORTH STAR, AT ANY TIME. 

Every pupil should be instructed in the manner of poinding 
out the North Star at any time of the night. If they are ena- 
bled to do this at any time, it will assist them in making other 
important observations, as well as being of use on many occa- 
sions which occur in the life of every man. Many peruoiis ! 
have been lost in a prairie or other unfrequented places, when I 
if they had been able to have told the points of the compass ' 
they could have extricated themselves from their lost situa- 
tion. This may be done in a very easy manner. There is 
hardly a child of ten years of age who cannot at any time of 
night point out the stars in the Great Bear which form what is 
called the Great Dipper. Now if an imaginary line be drawn 
through the two stars which form the front edge of the Dipper, 
from the bottom towards the top, and continued about 20 de- 
grees, it will pass very near the North Star — so near that it 
cannot be mistaken, there being no other stars of that magni- 
tude near it. It should be borne in mind that this rule holds 
good in whatever position the Dipper may be at the time. — 
Smith's Illustrated Astronomy. 

ECLIPSES. 

Eclipses are among the most interesting phenomena pre- 
sented to us by the heavenly bodies. In all ages, when an 
eclipse has taken place, it has excited the profound attention 
of the learned, and the fears and superstitions of the ignorant. 
The causes of eclipses before the seventeenth century were 
known only to a few, and they generally took advantage of 
this knowledge to impose upon the credulity of the ignorant 
by pretending that they were inspired by the Gods. Among 
the ancient nations, the Chaldeans were the foremost in their 
observations of the phenomena of the heavens ; perhaps tLis 
was owing in some measure to their occupation; they being 
shepherds were obliged to watch their flocks by night to pro- 
tect them from the wild beasts which were at that time num- 
erous. Men under such circumstances would naturally be 
led to watch closely the movements of the heavenly bodies, 
and more especially so, for in the earlier periods of the world 
they had no correct mode of reckoning time in order to deter- 
mine the seasons or the proper seed time and harvest. 

Eclipses attracted the particular attention of the Chaldeans, 



112 SKETCHES OP ASTRONOMY. 

■ ■■_■—■■■ I . . ... . ■ — ■.!■ I — — — W^^— ^ 

and by a series of observations extended through several cen- 
turies, they discovered a very important fact relating to 
eclipses, although they did not understand the cause. 

By comparing the records which had been made for a great 
length of time, they found that a certain period of time elapsed 
between eclipses of the same kind and magnitude; that is, if 
18 years, 11 days, 7 hours and 43 minutes, were added to the 
time of the happening of any eclipse, it would show the time 
of the return of the same eclipse; the only differences would 
be that it would not happen at the same time in the day and 
it would be a little greater or less than the previous eclipse — 
thus they were able to predict eclipses with sufficient accu- 
racy to answer their designs upon the ignorant without under- 
standing the laws by which these periodical returns were 
produced. 

To explain this briefly, it must be remembered that the 
moon's orbit makes an angle with the plane of the earth's or- 
bit of 5£ deg.; these two points where the moon's orbit cuts 
the plane of the earth's orbit, are called nodes. Now we will 
suppose that on any day at noon it is new moon, and the moon 
is just 16 deg. from her descending node, the shadow of the 
moon would just touch the earth at the north pole ; in 223 lu- 
Dations, or 18 years, 11 days, 7 hours, 43 minutes thereafter, 
the moon would come nearly to the same position as it was at 
the beginning, consequently there would be another small 
eclipse of the sun, and at the expiration af every 223 lunations 
it would return, and at each return the moon's shadow would 
pass across the earth a little more to the south until the 
ec'iipse had appeared about 77 times, when it would pass off 
at the south pole, occupying a period of 1,388 years : The same 
period would not commence again until the expiration of 12,- 
492 years. Each eclipse which takes place during any year, be- 
longs to a separate and similar period. Those periods of 
eclipses which come in at the moon's ascending node, first 
come on to the earth at the south pole, and at each return the 
moon's shadow paf-ses across the earth more to tne north, and 
alter appearing about 77 times, they dually leave the earth at 
the north pole. — Smith's Astronomy. 



SKETCHES OP ASTRONOMY. 113 

IMMENSITY OF SPACE. 

Great is the immensity of space. Light travels at the rate 
of one hundred and ninety-two thousand miles per second 
and yet at this great speed it would take it over thirty million 
years to come from some of the far off nebulas to the earth. 
Some ideas of the immensity of space may be gathered by 
the calculation of the distance that light would travel in thirty 
millions of years, and then supposing that the distance ascer- 
tained by the calculation, was to the remaining distance as 
one drop of water is to the ocean. In all probability the most 
powerful telescope has only brought to view a small portion 
of creation. 

The nearest fixed stars, according to the best astronomical 
calculation, 20,C0O,C00,C0OXCO of miles from the earth. To 
assist the mind of the reader to ?:.etsome idea of the immensity 
of this distance, I have taken the pains lo make the following 
calculation: Suppose that when the Lord past sentence upon 
Cain for killing his brother, that he had banished hiin to the 
nearest fixed star, and had caused a whirlwind or some other 
power to have taken him at the rate of one thousand miles aa 
hour day and night from that time till now, counting the time 
past six thousand years, at SCO days travel to the year, he 
would have traveled at the end of the six thousand years only 
one 8.80th part of the disiance, and at the same rate of speed 
at the end of two million years from Usis time he would not 
reach his destination, but would yet be one trillion three hun- 
dred and eighty-two billion four hundred million miles from 
his future home, or place of banishment. So you see that after 
two million and six thousand years travel at the enormous 
speed of one thousand miles an hour, leaves a distance yet 
untraveled equal to about filly five million times the distance 
of Cook's voyage around the earth. 



PAY OF GOVERNMENT OFFICERS. 



President of the United States per annum, $50 000 00 

Vice-President " " 8,000 00 

Cabinet Officers each " ', 8,000 00 

Speaker of the ilouso of Representatives " " 8,000 00 

Members of Congress " " 5,000 00 

Chief Justice of the United States " " 6,500 00 

Associate Justices " " 6,000 00 

MINISTERS TO FOREIGN COUNTIES. 

In Great Britain or France per annum 17,500 00 

In Russia, Spain, Prussia, Austria, Italy, China, 

Mexico or Brazil " " 12,000 00 

InChilior Peru " " 10,000 00 

In Nicaragua " " 7,000 00 

In Portugal, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, 
Sweden, Switzerland, Hawaiian Islands, Ecua- 
dor, Argentine Confederation, Venezuela and 

all other foreign countries " " 7,500 00 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 

Lieutenant-General per month 720 00 

Major-General " " 4;~> 00 

Brigadier-General " " 299 50 

Adjutant General " annum 3,95'J 00 

Surgeon-General " " 3,594 00 

Paymaster General " " 2,740 00 

Commissary-General " " 2,5.'>_' I 

Surgeon-General " month 299 50 

OFFICERS OF INFANTRY AND ARTILLERY. 

Colonel per month 194 00 

Lieutenant-Colonel " " 170 00 

Major " « 151 00 

Captain " " US 50 

First Lieutenant " •« 103 50 

Second Lieutenant " " 103 50 

Brevet Second Lieutenant " " 103 50 

ORDNANCE AND TOPOGRAPHICAL DEPARTMENT. 

Chief of Ordnance per month 407 50 

Colonel " " 221 00 

Lieutenant-Colonel " " 211 00 

Major " " 187 ()0 

Captain » » 129 (j-) 

First Lieutenant " " 112 83 

Second Lieut " » \\-> 83 

Brevet Second Lieutenant " " 112 83 

(114) 



RELIGIOUS. 



The number of Protestants of the world, according to the statistics of 
all nations, is about as follows : 

tJnited States 83,000,000 

Great Britain and Ireland 25,000,000 

Asia and Armenia 5,000,000 

British America and West Indies 4,000,000 

France, Belgium and Holland 5,000,000 

South America 1,500,000 

Sweden, Norway and Denmark 7,600,000 

The German Empire 25,000,000 

Throughout the rest of the world 13,000^)00 

Total 121.000,000 

Or about one in every fourteen of the inhabitants of the world are 
Protestants. Of this number there is about one in every four identified 
with or members of the different Protestant churches of the world. It 
then follows that the entire membership of all the Protestant churches 
of the world amounts to one in fifty-six of the inhabitants. 

The number of Roman Catholics (approximately correct) is as follows: 

United States 3,500,000 

Great Britain and Ireland 6,000,000 

Russia 7,200,000 

South America 21,000,000 

France 36,000,000 

Austria and Venetia 28,000,000 

Spain 17,000,000 

Other parts of the world 60,000,000 

Total 200,900,000 

Pagans, or those who worshipped idols, or created things or beings t 
they number near three-fourtbs of the entire inhabitants of the earth. 
They number at present about 1,000,000,000. This includes the Moham- 
medans, the Buddhists and the Mormons, or Latter Day Saints. Of this 
number there is to be found in the United States, of Mormons, 75,000. 
And strange as it may seem, we have about 60,000 Heathen idol worship- 

(115) 



116 RELIGIOUS. 



pers, who have began erecting their temples on American soil. There ia 
one in San Francisco, California, and I understand one is being erected 
at Denver City, Colorado. 

The number of church edifices and value of church property of tho 
principal religious organizations in the United States, are as follows : 

NAME. CHURCHES. VALUE. 

Baptist (regular) 12,857 $30,229,221 

Baptist (other) 1,105 2,378,977 

Christian 2,S22 6,425,137 

Congregational 2,715 25,069,098 

Episcopal 2,601 36,514,549 

Evangelical Association 641 2,301,050 

Friends 6C2 3,939,560 

Jews 152 5,155,234 

Lutheran 2,776 14,917,747 

Methodist 21,337 69,854,121 

Moravian 67 709,100 

Mormon 171 656,750 

Swed^nborgian 61 869,700 

Presbyterian (regular) 5,683 47,828,732 

Presbyterian (other) 1,388 5,436,524 

Dutch Reform 468 10,359,255 

Late German Reform 1,145 5;775,215 

Roman Catholic 3,806 60,985,566 

Second Advent 140 306,240 

Shakers 18 86,900 

Spiritualist 22 100,150 

Unitarian 310 6,282,075 

United Brethren 937 1,819,810 

Universalist 602 5,692,325 

Unknown (union) 552 965,295 

Unknown Local Missions 27 687,800 

Total... 63,082 $354,483,581 



STATISTICAL. 



POPULATION OF EACH STATE. 



Alabama 996,992 

Arkansas 484,471 

California 560,247 

Connecticut 537,454 

Delaware 125,015 

Florida 187,748 

Georgia 1,184,109 

Illinois 2,539,891 

Indiana 1,680,637 

Iowa 1,194,020 

Kansas 364,399 

Kentucky 1,321,011 

Louisiana 726,915 

Maine 626,915 

Maryland 780,894 

Massachusetts 1,457,351 

Michigan 1,184,059 

Minnesota 459,706 

Mississippi 827,922 



Missouri 1,721,295 

Nebraska 122,993 

Nevada 42,491 

New Ilampshire 318,300 

New Jersey 906,095 

New York 4,382,759 

North Carolina 1,071,361 

Ohio 2,665,260 

Oregon 90,923 

Pennsylvania 3,521,951 

Ehode Island 217,353 

South Carolina 705,606 

Tennessee 1,258,520 

Texas 818,579 

Vermont 330,551 

Virginia 1,225,163 

West Virginia 442,014 

Wisconsin 1,054,670 



Total. 



.38,115,641 



POPULATION OP THE TERRITORIES. 



Arizona 9,658 

Colorado 39,864 

Dakota 14,181 

District of Columbia 131,700 

Idaho 14,999 

Montana 20,595 



New Mexico 91,874 

Utah 86.7S6 

Washington 29 955 

Wyoming 9,118 



Total 442,730 



POPULATION OF THE PRINCIPAL CITIES. 



■NTew York, N. Y 942,292 

Philadelphia, Pa 674,022 

Brooklyn, N. Y 396,099 

St. Louis, Mo 310,864 



Charleston, S. C 48,956 

Indianapolis, Ind 80,244 

Troy, N. Y 40,465 

Syracuse, N. Y 43,051 

(117) 



118 



STATISTICAL. 



POPULATION OP THE PRINCIPAL CITIES — OONTIITOED : 



Chicago, 111 298,977 

Baltimore, Md 267,354 

Boston, Mass 250,526 

Cincinnati, Ohio 216,239 

New Orleans, La 191,418 

San Francisco, Cal 149,473 

Buffalo, N. Y 117,714 

"Washington, D. C 109,199 

Newark, N. J 105,059 

Louisville, Ky 100,753 

Cleveland, Ohio 92,829 

Pittsburgh, Pa 86,076 

Jersey City, N.J 82,546 

Detroit, Mich 79,577 

Milwaukee, Win 71,440 

Albany, N. Y 69,422 

Providence, R. 1 68,904 

Rochester, N. Y 62,386 

Allegheny, Pa 53,180 

Richmond, Va 51,038 

New Haven, Conn 50,840 

The number of all the male citizens 
the United States and Territories, 
Census : 

Alabama 202,046 

Arizona 3,397 

Arkansas 100,043 

California 145,802 

Colorado 15,515 

Connecticut 127,499 

Dakota 5,234 

Delaware 28,207 

District of Columbia 31,622 

Florida 38,854 

Georgia 234,919 

Idaho 5,557 

Illinois 542,843 

Indiana 376,780 

Iowa 255,802 

Kansas 99,065 

Kentucky „ 282,305 

Louisiana... 159,201 

Maine „ 153,160 

Maryland 169,845 



Worcester, Mass 41,105 

Lowell, Mass 40,928 

Memphis, Tenn 40,226 

Cambridge, Mass 39,634 

Hartford, Conn 37,180 

Scranton, Pa 35,092 

Reading, Pa 33,630 

Patterson, N. J 33,579 

Kansas City, Mo 32,260 

Mobile, Ala 32,034 

Toledo, Ohio 31,584 

Portland, Me 31.413 

Columbus, Ohio 31,274 

Wilmington, Del 30,841 

Dayton, Ohio 30,473 

Lawrence, Mass 28,921 

Utica, N. Y 28,804 

Charlestown, Mass 28,323" 

Savannah, Ga 28,235 

Lynn, Mass 28,233 

Fall River, Mass 26,766 

over the age of twenty- one years in 
as shown by the statistics of the last 

Missouri 380,235 

Montana 11,523 

Nebraska 36,169 

Nevada 18,652 

New Hampshire 83,361 

New Jersey 194,109 

New Mexico 22,412 

New York 981,587 

North Carolina 214,224 

Ohio 592,350 

Oregon 24,608 

Pennsylvania 776,345 

Rhode Island 43,996 

South Carolina 146.614 

Tennessee 259,016 

Texas 169,215 

Utah 10,147 

Vermont 74,867 

Virginia 266.680 

Washington 7,902 



STATISTICAL. 119 



NUMBER MALE CITIZENS, etc. — COTINUED: 

Massachusetts 312,770 West Virginia 93,435 

Michigan 274,459 Wisconsin 203,077 

Minnesota 75,274 Wyoming 5,297 

Mississippi 169,737 

Total 8,425,941 

By the above the full amount of the vote of each State is shown, and 

as the vote for President in 1872 was not a strict party vote, wo will give 
the vote for President in 1868, as polled for Grant and Seymour, as w«- 
think this more satisfactory. 

VOTE OP EACH STATE OF THE UNION. 

Rep. Dem. 

Alabama 76,366 72,086 

Arkansas 22,152 19,078 

California 54,592 54,078 

Connecticut 50,996 47,951 

Delaware 7,623 10,980 

Florida (By Legislature.) 

Georgia 57,134 102,822 

Illinois 250,293 199,143 

Indiana 176,552 166,980 

Iowa 120,399 74,040 

Kansas 31,046 14,019 

Kentucky 39,569 115,889 

Louisiana 33,263 80,225 

Maine 70,426 42,396 

Maryland 30,438 62,357 

Massachusetts 136,437 59,408 

Michigan 128,550 97,069 

Minnesota 43,542 28,072 

Mississippi (No vote.) 

Missouri 85,671 59,878 

Nebraska 9,729 5,439 

Nevada 6,480 5,218 

New Hampshire 38,191 31,224 

New Jersey 80,121 83,001 

New York 419,883 429,883 

North Carolina 96,226 84,090 

Ohio 280,828 238,700 

Oregon 10,961 11,125 ' 

Pennsylvania 342,280 313,382 

Rhode Island 12,903 6,548 

South Carolina 62,301 45,237 

Tennessee 56,757 26,31i 

Texas (No vote.) 



120 



STATISTICAL. 



TOTE OP KACQ STATE OP THE UNION CONTINUED. 

Vermont 44,167 

Virginia (No vote.) 

West Virginia 29,025 

Wisconsin 108,857 



12,045 

20,306 
84,710 



Total 3,012,188 2,703,590 



POPULATION OP INDIANA BY COUNTIES, 1870. 



Adams 11,382 

Allen 43,494 

Bartholomew 21,131 

Benton 5,015 

Blackford 6,272 

Boone 22,593 

Brown 8,681 

Carroll 16,152 

Cass 24,193 

Clarke 24,770 

Clay 19,084 

Clinton 17,330 

Crawford 9,851 

Daviess 16.747 

Dearborn 24,116 

Decatur 19,053 

DeKalb 17,167 

Delaware 19,030 

Dubois 12,597 

Elkhart 26,026 

Fayette 10,476 

Floyd 23,300 

Fountain 16,389 

Franklin 20,223 

Fulton , 12,726 

Gibson 17,371 

Grant 18,487 

Greene 19,514 

Hamilton , 20,882 

Hancock 15,123 

Harrison 19,913 

Hendricks 20,277 

Henry 22,986 

Howard 15,847 

Huntington 12,036 

Jackson — ~ 18,974 

Jasper 6,354 



Madison 

Marion 

Marshal 

Martin 

Miami 

Monroe 

Montgomery. 

Morgan 

Newton 

Noble 

Ohio 

Orange 

Owen 

Park 

Perry 

Pike 

Porter 

Posey 

Pulaski 

Putnam 

Randolph 

Ripley 

Rush 

Scott 

Shelby 

Spencer 

Starke 

Steuben 

St. Joseph 

Sullivan 

Switzerland.. 
Tippecanoe... 

Tipton 

Union 

Vanderburg , 
Vermillion... 
Vigo 



22,770 
71,939 
20,211 
11,103 
21,052 
14,168 
23,765 
17,528 

5,829 
20,389 

5,837 
13,497 
16,137 
18,165 
14,801 
13,779 
13,942 
19,185 

7,801 
21,514 
22,862 
20,977 
17,626 

7,823 
21,892 
17,998 

3,888 
12,854 
25,322 
18,453 
12,134 
33,515 
11,953 

6,341 
33,145 
10,840 
33,549 



STATISTICAL. 121 



POPULATION CF INDIANA BY COUNTIES — CONTINUED. 

Jay 15,000 Wabash 21,305 

Jefferson 29,741 Warren 10,204 

Jennings 16,218 Warrick 17,053 

Johnson 18,366 Washington 18,435 

Knox 21,562 Wayne 34,048 

Kosciusko 23,531 Wells 13,585 

LaGrange 14,148 White 10,554 

Lake 12,339 Whitley 14,399 

LaPorte 27,062 

Lawrence 14,628 Total 1,680,637 

INDIANA TOWNS THAT HATE 500, OB OTEB, INHABITANTS. 

Decatur, Adams county 858 

New Ilaven, Allen county 912 

Ft. Wayne, Allen county 17,718 

Monroeville, Allen county 630 

Columbus, Bartholomew county 3,359 

Hope, Bartholomew county 765 

Oxford, Benton county 519 

Hartford, Blackford county 878 

Lebanon, Boone county 1,572 

Zionsville, Boone county 956 

Jamestown, Boone county 603 

Thorntown, Boone county 1,526 

Delphi, Carroll county 1,614 

Browntown, Cass county 903 

Logansport, Cass county 8,950 

West Logan, Cass county 978 

Charleston, Clarke county 2,204 

Jeffersonville, Clarke county 7,254 

Brazil, Clay county 2,186 

Staunton, Clay county 587 

Knightsville, Clay county 1,071 

Harmony, Clay county 597 

Bowling Green, Clay county 606 

Frankfort, Clinton county 1,300 

Leavenworth, Crawford county 567 

Washington, Daviess county 2,901 

Aurora, Dearborn county 3,304 

Cochran, Dearborn county 675 

Lawrenceburg, Dearborn county 3,159 

Moore's Hill, Dearborn county 617 

Waterloo, DeKalb county 1,259 

Auburn, DeKalb county 677 

Muncie, Delaware county 2.992 



122 STATISTICAL. 



INDIANA T0WN8, ETC. — CONTINUED. 

Jasper, Dubois county 547 

Elkhart, Elkhart county ~ 3.265 

Goshen, Elkhart county 3,133 

Bristol, Elkhart county 681 

Connersville, Fayette county 2,496 

New Albany, Floyd county 15,396 

Attica, Fountain county 2,273 

Covington, Fountain county 1,888 

Laurel, Franklin county 741 

Rochester, Fulton county 1,528 

Owensville, Gibson county 522 

Princeton, Gibson county 1,847 

Patoka, Gibson county 844 

Marion, Grant county 1,658 

Jonesboro, Grant county 581 

Bloomfield, Green county 656 

Westfield, Hamilton county 608 

Noblesville, Hamilton county 1,435 

Greenfield, Hancock county 1,203 

Corydon, Harrison county 747 

Danville, Hendricks county 1,080 

Plainfield, Hendricks county 795 

Brovvnsburg, Hendricks county 551 

Middletown, Henry county 711 

Knightstown, Henry county 1,528 

Kokomo, Howard county 2,177 

Roanoke, Huntington county 627 

Brownstown, Jackson county 572 

Seymour, Jackson county 2,372 

Rensselaer, Jasper county 617 

Hanover, Jefferson county 564 

North Madison, Jefferson county 1,007 

Madison, Jefferson county 10,709 

North Vernon, Jennings county 1,758 

Vernon, Jennings county 673 

Edinburg, Johnson county 1,799 

Franklin City 2,707 

Vincennes, Knox county 5,440 

Pierceton, Kosciusko county 1,063 

LaGrange, LaGrange county 1,038 

LaPorte, LaPorte county 6,581 

Michigan City, LaPorte county 3,985 

Werftville City, LaPorie county 640 

Mitchell, Lawrence county 1,087 



STATISTICAL. 123 



INDIANA TOWNS, KTO. — CONTINTT1D. 

Anderson, Madison county 3,126 

Pendleton, Madison county 675 

Bourbom, Marshall county 874 

Plymouth, Marshall county 2,482 

ShoalB, Martin county 512 

Loogootee, Martin county 748 

Peiu, Miami county 3,617 

Bloomington, Monroe county 1,030 

Ladoga, Montgomery county 878 

Crawfordsville, Montgomery county 3,701 

Mooresville, Morgan county 1.229 

Martinsville, Morgan county 1,131 

Kentland, Newton county 802 

Kendallville, Noble county 2,164 

Ligonier, Noble county 1,514 

Rising Sun, Ohiocounty 1,760 

Orleans, Orange county 905 

Paoli, Orange county 628 

Spencer, Owen county 971 

Gosport, Owen county 860 

Rockville, Park county 1,187 

Montezuma, Park, county 624 

Cannelton, Perry county 2,481 

Tell City, Perry county 1,660 

Petersburg, Pike county 923 

Valparaiso, Porter county 2,765 

Mount Vernon, Posey county 2,880 

New Harmony, Posey county 836 

Winnamack, Pulaski county 906 

Greencastle, Putnam county , 3,227 

Ridgeville, Randolph county 716 

Farmland, Randolph county 532 

Union City, Randolph county 1,439 

Winchester, Randolph county 1,456 

Versails, Ripley county 500 

Rushville, Rush county ] 1,696 

Shelbyville, Shelby county 2,731 

Rockport, Spencer county 1,720 

Angola, Steuben county 1,072 

Mishawaka, St. Joseph county 2,617 

South Bend, St. Joseph county 7,206 

Sullivan, Sullivan county 1,396 

Lafayette, Tippecanoe county 13,516 

Tipton, Tipton county 892 



124 STATISTICAL. 



INDIANA TOWNS, ETC.— CONTINUXD. 

Liberty, Union county 700 

Evansville, Vanderburgh county 21,830 

Clinton, Vermillion county 564 

Perrysville, Vermillion county 690 

Terre Haute, Vigo county 16,103 

Lagro, Wabash county 519 

Wabash City, Wabash county 2,881 

Williamsport, Warren county 988 

Booneville, Warrick county 1,039 

Newburg, Warrick county 1,464 

Salem, Washington county 1,294 

Centreville, Wayne county 1,077 

East Germantown, Wayne county 536 

Hagerstown, Wayne county 833 

.Richmond, Wayne county 9,445 

Milton, Wayno county 823 

BluiFtown, Wells county 1,138 

Monticello, White county ~+ „ 887 

Columbia, Whitley county... « M 1,633 



SABBATH SCHOOLS. 



:o:- 



The first Sabbath School that we have been able to find a 
record of, was established in the year 17G9 in the town of Wy- 
cumbe, England, by a young Methodist lady by the name of 
Hannah Ball. A few years after this another young lady who 
afterwards became the wife of Samuel Bradburn, suggested 
the idea of Sabbath Schools to Robert Rakes. He being a 
man of quick perception and great energy saw at once the ad- 
vantages to be gained by schools of this kind. He immedi- 
ately set to work and organized a school in the city of Glou- 
cester, England, and through his labors and influence other 
cities of that country were induced to establish Sabbath 
Schools and work for the Sunday School interest. 

The first Sabbath School established in the United States 
was organized by Bishop Asbury, in the year 1786, in Hanover 
County, Va., at the house of Mr. Thomas Granshaw. The pro- 
gress of Sabbath Schools in the United States until about the 
year 1830, was rather slow, as but few of the Christian denom- 
inations up to that time had become interested in the Sunday 
School cause. But one by one, the different organizations of 
Christians have gradually adopted the institution of Sabbath 
Schools, till now, the popular method of all churches for the 
religious training of the young is the Sunday School. Now, in 
every land and nation, where Christian people reside, the 
Sabbath School cause is advancing. 

The organization of Sabbath Schools, 

Remember one and all, 
"Was first established in Wycumbe, 

By Miss Hannah Ball. 

After this Miss Bradburn 

Suggested to Robert Rakea 
To organize a Sabbath School, 

And helped him set the stakes. 

(125) 



126 SABBATH SCHOOLS. 



They organized in Gloucester, 

The banner they unfurled, 
The fame and name of which has spread. 

Almost throughout the world. 



'C' 



The honor due to Robert Rakes, 
Miss Bradburn and Miss Ball. 

Should not be given to Robert Rakes, 
But given to them all. 

For the institution of Sabbath Schools, 
The honor is due Miss Ball. 

To her for lighting up the lamp, 
We give the honor all. 

Miss Bradburn she is worthy of 
Our honor, love, and praise, 

For her suggestions, and her work, 
In keeping up the blaze. 

And to Robert Rakes is due 
The honor of school extension 

For adding fuel to tho light, 
And widening its dimension. 



VALUABLE RECIPES. 



-:o:- 



For Cleaning Silverware, and for Silvering Copper. — One- 
fourth ounce crystal nitrate of silver, one-half ounce cream 
of tartar, one-fourth ounce of common salt ; pulverize all to a 
fine powder together, bottle it up and it is ready for use. Ap- 
ply with a woolen rag, wetting the rag so as the powder will 
stick to it. 

For Distemper in Horses. — Ground ginger, two ounces; 
flour of sulphur, two ounces; copperas, two ounces; Spanish 
brown, two ounces; saltpeter, one-half ounce ; mix thoroughly* 
Give a tablespoonful once a day in bran mash. Keep the ani- 
mal warm and dry, with light exercise. 

WJiitewash for Out Zhors. — Take good white unslacked 
lime, one peck; salt, one quart; two pounds Spanish whiting; 
one gallon good flour paste ; first slack the lime in hot water ; 
be sure to put enough on to keep the lime from burning; then 
add while warm the salt and Spanish white, and then the 
paste ; let stand over night. It is better to have it warm while 
applying it. 

For Removing Paint Ifrom Glass. — Baking soda and warm 
water. 

Antidote for Poison. — Give sweet oil in large doses. 

For Worms in Children. — Santenine, nine grains; calomel, 
six grains; white sugur, eighteen grains ; mix well ; make in 
six powders for a child two years old, and give one before 
each meal for two days ; work off with oil. 

For Removing Grease Spots From Cloth. — Soda, two 
drachms; borax, one drachm ; dissolve it together in one ounce 
of hot water, then add one ounce of alconol. Shake it well 
and apply with woolen rag or brush, rubbing briskly. 

(127) 



128 VALUABLE RECIPES. 



To Get Rid of Little Ants. — Use salt and water freely 
where they infest. 

Washing Fluid. — Borax, one pound; soda, one pound ; dis- 
solve in two gallons of hot water. Put the clothes in the tub, 
cover them with water containing a half gallon of the fluid, 
and let 6tand over night. 

For Toothache, Headache, Neuralgia, and Rheumatio 
Pains. — Make a liniment of the following preparations: 
One ounce of tincture of Araonia, one oun^e tincture of cam- 
phor, one ounce oil of organum, one-half ounce oil of cedar, 
one ounce oil of hemlock, and one quart linseed oil ; mix all 
together, put it in a bottle and shake well. Directions for 
using. Apply the liniment freely to the affected parts, and 
rub and bathe it as often as three or four times daily. For the 
toothaehe, put a little on a piece of cotton, and put it in the 
tooth, and rub it on the jaw of the patient. I have found this 
to be one of the best liniments in use. 

For Cuts and Bruises on Man or Beast. — Take two ounces 
tincture of camphor, two ounces linseed oil, one ounce of tur- 
pentine ; mix all together, and apply to the afFected parts. 

For Pickling Beef. — To 100 pounds of beef take one gal- 
lon of salt, three-fourths of a pound of sugar, three ounces 
black pepper ground ; add together, put ail in a kettle con- 
taining three gallons of water ; boil slowly, and skim occa- 
sionally. Pack the beef in tight tubs, and cover with the 
brine. 



DIRECTORY 



OF 



VERMILLION COUNTY 



FOE 1874. 



TO OUR PATRONS. 



Sickness has interfered very provokingly in the work of get- 
ting out Vermillion County Directory and Guide, and we will 
have to ask for liberal allowances for any apparent defects. 

The work done, however, is not sufficiently patronized to 
make the enterprise profitable, and yet we have not in any sense 
slighted it on this account. 

Our aim has been to do full justice to each township of the 
county, and to gather the names of the citizens of the county 
generally, and yet in some instances we have no doubt failed 
because we had no guides to lead us back to those we had acci- 
dentally passed. Still, take it all in all, we think we have done 
well, and are able to present to the citizens of Vermillion county 
the ablest and most satisfactory Guide Book yet published in 
the State. We feel, after all, that we have done our duty. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH 



OF 



VEEMILLION COUNTY. 



PREPARED EXPRESSLY FOR THIS VOLUME. 

W. W. HIBBEN, Historian. 



The county of Vermillion, which is one of the most fertile of 
any in the State, is worthy of special notice for its interesting 
historical record, its beautiful physical scenery, its agricultural 
products, and for its rich and immense mineral resources.* 

It is bounded on the north by Warren county; on the east 
by Fountain and Parke counties, with the channel of the Wa- 
bash river as its boundary line ; on the south by Vigo county, 
and on the west by Edgar and Vermillion counties, of the State 
of Illinois. It is thirty-six miles long, and varies in breadth 
from five to ten miles, with an average of a little less than 



*The fine and very appropriate map of Vermillion county, which was 
gotten up in 1872 by James Tarrance, we have found to be our best guide 
in giving our topographical sketches of this beautiful county. This map 
is geographically correct and affords at a bird's-eye view a complete out- 
line of every township, section, village and improvement. The thanks 
of Vermillion are certainly largely due Mr. Tarrance for the production 
of this appropriate map of this county. 



132 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



seven miles, thus including an area of two hundred and forty- 
nine square miles. 

Of this area from one-fourth to one-third consists of the rich 
productive bottoms and terraces of the valleys of the Wabash 
and its affluents, the Big and Little Vermillions, and Norton 
Creek. 

TOPOGRAPHICALLY, 

Its attractions of beautiful, picturesque scenery are equal to any 
other county in the State. The modest meanderings of the 
classic old Wabash, which ever and anon are hiding their sil- 
very waters away amid the luxurious foliage of the forest trees, 
give to its eastern border a lineal presentation of romantic 
beauty such as attracts universal attention ; while the long range 
of bench-hills, which skirt the west of this garden valley, throw 
along its railroad line a continued display of panoramic, rural 
beauty, which, without any coloring, might be termed "the 
lovely valley of the West." 

The main terrace, or second bottom, is especially developed 
between Perryville and Newport — an order of nature resulting, 
probably, from the combined action of the two main affluents, 
which join the Wabash within these limits. 

The terrace is here from one to four miles wide, furnishing a 
broad stretch of rich farming lands, and has an average eleva- 
tion of about forty feet above the more immediate bottoms. 

Below the town of Newport, the bluffs approach the river so 
closely that this famed terrace is almost obliterated, and even 
the bottoms become somewhat narrowed and unattractive. 

At the mouth of Little Raccoon Creek, the bottoms set in 
again in a wider form, though the terrace assumes no considera- 
ble extent until we reach the head of Helt Prairie, about six 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. I 33 



miles north of Clinton, whence it stretches southward with an 
average width of from two to three miles. It narrows again 
about three miles below Clinton, as we approach the mouth of 
Brouillet's Creek and the county line. 

THE AZTEC MOUNDS. 

The fact that these whole beautiful regions were once, per- 
haps, densely inhabited by an extinct race, gives, even now, an 
interest to the country that inspires one with a sort of reveren- 
tial awe as he looks out upon the numerous "mounds " which 
still lift their quiet and unpretending elevations, here and there, 
after having been washed by the rain storms of centuries, as if 
they were, or had been preserved by the Grand Architect of the 
universe Himself, that all succeeding generations of people might 
learn that any race which might thereafter become denizens of 
this lower world, 

" Build too low, who build beneath the skiei." 

In company with Hon. John Collett, an intelligent gentle- 
man of this county, and to whom we are indebted for a vast 
amount of our historical notes, we visited a number of these 
mounds which lay thickly scattered over his farm, as if there 
the ancient Aztec had once held empire when his race was in 
the zenith of their glory. The lost history of this once won- 
derful people can now only be gathered up in scattered and 
broken fragments as they are seen, at the present time, over 
the various plains of the West. 

What precise purpose these mounds were built for, of course 
may now only be guessed at. But the evidence is sufficient 
to satisfy any one that they were in some way connected with 
the burial of their dead. At least there are evidences of such 



134 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



use to be found in the fact that bones are found in nearly all 
of them that have been examined. Still these bones may have 
belonged to the subsequent race of the red man who, as is 
supposed, exterminated the former. 

These mounds are of different circumferences and of various 
hights. None that we have seen, save those at Marietta, Ohio, 
are of any remarkable elevation at the present time. Whether 
all these works had their origin among the Indians, or are the 
monumental relics of a lost race, such as the Aztecs, is a his- 
torical question which as yet has never been satisfactorily 
settled. 

Looking over those in Vermillion county, and remembering 
that they may be thousands of years old, one would naturally 
presume that they had some connection with war or were 
intended as burial places for the dead. 

In his able report of 1870, Prof. John Collett says: 

"When first explored by the white race this county was oc- 
cupied by savage Indians, without fixed habitations, averse to 
labor, and delighting only in war and the chase. Their misty 
traditions did not reach back to a previous people or age. 

" But numerous earth-works are found in this region, of such 
extent as to require, for their construction, time and the persist- 
ent labor of many people. Situated on the river bluffs, their lo- 
cation combines picturesque scenery, susceptibility of defense, 
and convenience to transportation, water, and productive lands. 

These ;ire not requisites in the nomadic life of the red man, and 
identify the Mound Builders as a more ancient and partially 
civilized and agricultural people." 

Here in Vermillion, these mounds, though not so high as in 
other parts, may be counted by hundreds. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 1 35 



Prof. Collett says, ' ' that over one hundred of these small 
mounds, from two to four feet high, may be seen about one 
mile north-west of Middletown, in Vigo county." 

On the Hunt farm, conical knolls of loess have been artificially 
rounded and used for sepulchral purposes. One of these con- 
tained at the summit, seventy feet above its base, a burial vault, 
three stories high ; on each floor from five to seven human skel 
etons were found. 

On Mr. Drake's lands, in the same county, there are two large 
mounds, one two hundred feet in diameter and eighteen feet 
high ; the other twenty-eight feet high, covering an elliptic base 
one hundred and eighty feet wide and three hundred feet long. 
The contents of the two mounds amount to nearly 30,000 cubic 
yards, and at present contract prices for earth-work would cost 
five thousand dollars. 

"All the mounds which have come under my notice," con- 
tinues Mr. Collett, "are located so as to secure an out-look 
toward sunrise, confirming the belief that the fires of the sun- 
worshippers have blazed upon every mound-capped eminence 
in the great valley of the Continent." 

That these mound-builders were worshippers of the sun is 
circumstantially probable, and that these mounds in some way 
were used as cemeteries of the dead is as fully corroborated, as 
the ashes and mineralized bones of the mound-builders have 
been found at their base, while near the surface the remains of 
the more modern red man have been discovered. 

The lands of this Western Hemisphere, it seems, have not 
been left without their inhabitants. Their histories are re- 
corded in the ruined wrecks of their ancient temples as seen in 



I36 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Central America, and in the mounds and grand earth-works 
of the plains and terraces of the great North. To their labors 
and mode of living many attribute the beautiful prairie sceneries 
of the West. What they did, showed that they were endowed 
with the intelligence of an honorable enterprise in accordance 
with their attainments in civilization, and their mysterious dis- 
appearance and total extinction tell us that they, like ourselves, 
were only mortal, and that this life at best is only a temporary 
scene. 

To look now upon all that is left of these ancient denizens of 
our country may be mournful and melancholy, but yet it has a 
lesson in it, as far as it goes, as deep as the philosophy of 
human life, and as full of the moral of eternal truth as even the 
stereotyped letters of our present inspired volumes. 

THE SAVAGE RED MAN. 

Even the record of the red man is wrapped in mystery. 
Hence his origin, like his own wild spirit, has never been fully 
or satisfactorily comprehended. A native of the woods, he par- 
took for ages of the savage wildness of the ferocious beasts of 
the forests, and making his living by hunting the weaker animals 
than himself — blood became his chief currency of trade, and he 
grew familiar with barbarity and savage warfare long before the 
white man crossed his path. What he was in history and in the 
long genealogy of his tribes, we of the present day can not now 
tell. It is only in cotemporary history that we read anything 
of his doings, and therefore we are left to class him in his origin 
with the mound builders or the Aztecs, whose records are only 
seen in the dilapidated ruins of the past ages. 

With but few exceptions, the settlement of the whites, all 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 1 37 



over the continent, has been associated with the conflicts of sav- 
age warfare, where neither age nor sex was respected, or the 
laws of civilized warfare regarded. 

The savage claimed the whole boundless continent as his, and 
so indeed it was, and when the white man came upon his hunt- 
ing ground he declared him an intruder, and made war upon 
him — just as we civilized people would do now. But the Indian 
was a savage, with no knowledge of the arts and sciences and 
the higher Christian civilizations of the white man. Hence, he 
must be driven out in some way — if it even had to be done by 
war. The improvidence of the Indian, together with his savage 
barbarities opened the way to apparently justify the white man's 
attack, and the receding footsteps of the red man have long told 
the results of the conflict. The light of the western sun directed 
his retreating footsteps until he lost his vested rights, and now 
it may be said of him, live where he may, that he is only a " ten- 
ant at will." The white man now owns the continent. 

When the white man first came to this grand Wabash Valley, 
he found it everywhere populated with various savage tribes. 
Here and there were their wigwam villages, while forest and 
prairie, creeks and rivers, mountains and valleys, constituted 
their unlimited hunting grounds. 

The coming of the white man among them made them fear, 
for they knew he had fire-arms, powder and lead, while they 
only had the bow and arrow, the tomahawk and scalping-knife. 
The white man's weapons they dreaded in open battle, and 
hence they early adopted the guerrilla mode of warfare, which 
soon educated the whites to hunt him down and put him to 
death as if he had been but a wild beast. 



138 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



The southern portion of this county was occupied, when first 
visited by the white man, by the Pi-4nka-shaw tribe of the 
Miami nation; and the northern part by the Kickapoo and Pot- 
tawattomies— subdivisions of the same tribe. Their common 
headquarters or treaty grounds were at the village which the 
whites called Springfield, south of Eugene. At this point trea- 
ties were made with the English and French colonial governors, 
and even after the county began to be settled old pioneers 
remember seeing on ordinary occasions a thousand Indians 
assembled there. 

The early French missionaries visited these regions of the 
Wabash, with the hope and purpose of converting the Indians 
to Christianity, about me year 1670. 

A French trading-post was established at an early day here, 
called La Chappelle, by Monsieur Laselle, the father of Hon. 
Charles Laselle, who is now one of the distinguished and worthy 
lawyers of the city of Logansport, Cass county. 

Another trading post was subsequently established on the 
farm now owned by Hon. John Collett. 

In the year 1790, the Indians of this region, while acting only 
on the defensive, were attacked at their village by Major Ham- 
tramck, who commanded a force from "The Old Post" — Vin- 
cennes. The*ir village was situated on the lands since con- 
stitutwg'a part of the farm of the late Colonel Shelby, near 
where Eugene is now located. The entire Indian village was de- 
stroyed and most of the inhabitants indiscriminately massacred. 
It was not a matter of wonder, therefore, that the Indians of 
these dgions subsequently took part in the battles of Fallen 
Timber and of Tippecanoe. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. I 39 



James Blair, a soldier of the war of 1812, and Isaac Coleman, 
who were among the first as well as most distinguished of the 
early pioneers of this portion of the Wabash, settled three miles 
south of what is now the village of Eugene in the year 18 18. 
They formed an intimate acquaintance with the Indians, and 
lived in friendship with them for a number of years. It fre- 
quently fell to their lot to act as peace-makers between the 
Indians and what were termed the "Border Ruffians," who 
were much the worse class of the two. These old pioneers 
always spoke in the highest terms of Se-Sepp (Si-Siep), the 
last Chief, who lived in the vicinity, and who was said to be 
one hundred and ten years old when he was foully murdered 
by a renegade Indian of his own tribe. 

Like the fading of the autumn leaves, the aborigines of the 
forest died away. The guns of the white man frightened the 
game from their hunting grounds, and the virtue of' a dire 
necessity called upon them to emigrate, to make room for the 
ax and plow, the cabin and the school house o£ the incoming 
white man. ■* 

EARLY PIONEERS. 

Among the first settlers who came to this part of the Wabash 
before the county of Vermillion was organized, were the Groe- 
nendykes, Colemans and Colletts. 

John Groenendyke, the father of James and Samuel, and the 
grandfather of Hon. John Groenendyke, and his cousin Samuel; 
now living at Eugene, and also the grandfather of the present 
Colletts, came from near Ovid, G te&apa county, New York, first 
to Terre Haute in 1818, and to this region in 18 19. He settled 
on the Big Vermillion river, where Eugene now stands, and 
where his son James built a mill subsequently, of very fine 



140 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



water capacity for that early day, which was esteemed by the 

new immigrants as one of the most substantial hopes of the 

settlement. This Groenendyke family is among the oldest in 

America, having emigrated from Holland to New Amsterdam, 

and settled among the Knickerbockers in h&yQ. 

John was the first generation of this family to strike for Indi- 
ct v 
ana, bringing with him his sons, James and Samuel, who were 

long known here as enterprising farmers and business men, and 
who did much to build up the country, and to establish a good 
order of civil society. These men appeared not to know or 
think they were making history, and therefore they have, like 
many others, passed away without having left those more defin- 
ite records, which the present generation would be proud to 
have, as the memorable relics of the pioneer age. James Groe- 
nendyke died in 1856. 

The cabin and forest history of the earliest settlers of the 
West involves the most interesting records of the State, and yet 
much of it has gone down into the grave with the pioneer him- 
self. There was no Homer to sing the song of his battles, and 
no chronicler even to make a note of his toils and sacrifices. 
His children chiefly remember him, and even they speak of him 
only in the terms of modesty, lest they excite the envy or criti- 
cisms of some pigmy cynic who lives only for himself. It has 
been said that ' ' he who makes two blades of grass grow where 
only one grew before, is a benefactor." There is certainly solid 
philosophy in the declaration, and the deduction should be made 
that the honorable mention of any of these good old pioneers is 
history deservedly and well told. 

James Amour, who was one of the early pioneers of Vermil- 
lion, and who assisted James Groenendyke in the erection of his 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. HI 



first mill, yet lives. In the simple complacency of a green old 
age he lives to see the living progress of the third generation, 
with no regrets of the past, and with no fault to find with the 
present or future. 

William Thompson, the father of James, John and Andrew 
Thompson, and of Mrs. Col. Jane Shelby, came to the Wabash 
from Pennsylvania in 1822, and settled at Thompson's Spring, 
one mile south of Eugene. If we had the full data of these 
men and families we should be pleased to give them in detail ; 
but we have not, and hence are compelled to stop at only a brief 
mention. But the numerous broad acres of rich, productive 
soil, owned by these families, tell, not only of their prosperity, 
but give good evidence of their industry and frugality, as well 
as of their early settler good fortunes. The blessings of the 
fathers have descended upon the sons and daughters to the third 
generation ; and endowed, as they now are, it is to be hoped so- 
ciety will be made better on account of their wealth, and that 
the nobility of a generous hospitality and true christian charity 
will never want a name among them. 

John Collett came to Indiana, with his sons Josephus and 
Stephen, from Huntington county, Pennsylvania, in the 
year 1818, and to the county of Vermillion in 1825. 
He was an old man when he came here, for he had 
served under Washington in the battles of the Revolution of 
1776, when he was but eighteen years old, and bore in his mien 
the soldier's bold spirit, and though advanced in years, he led 
his sons to this beautiful Eldorado of the West, where he could 
point them to a promised land of wealth and prosperity, which 
they could not hope to find in the old Keytsone State. 



142 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



He began merchandizing first at Clinton, and then at the Little 
Vermillion Mills, where he rendered himself useful as a citizen 
and popular as a man. He served as Agent of the county in 
selling lots in the town of Newport, the county seat, and entered 
for himself several choice pieces of land, which have remained 
in the hands of the family for three generations. He died at 
Eugene in 1834, aged seventy-two. 

Josephus Collett, Sr., was the son of John, and the father of 
William, who now live back of the village of Eugene, the pos- 
sessors of some two thousand acres of the rich lands of this 
county. Josephus, Sr., was one of the marked men in this 
community. Born in Huntington county, Pennsylvania, in the 
year 1787, he moved to Columbus, Ohio, in 18 16, and was 
appointed Deputy Sheriff of Ross county the same year, and 
two years afterward was elected to the same office. After 
having served out the term of his Sheriffalty, he was appointed, 
in 1820, Deputy United States Surveyor by Gov. Tiffin, then 
Surveyor General of the Northwestern Territory, and in his 
capacity as Deputy Surveyor he surveyed a district of country 
which embraces a large part of the counties of Parke, Vigo, 
Hendricks, Montgomery and Putnam. In November, 1815, he 
joined Ohio Lodge, No. 30, A. F. & A. Masons, at Franklinton. 
At that time there was no Lodge at Columbus, and the Frank- 
linton Lodge was subsequently removed to Columbus and was 
called Columbus Lodge, No. 30. 

In 1825, Mr. Collett removed to Vermillion county, Indiana, 
where he continued to reside till the time of his death. He 
died of dropsy at his residence near Eugene, February 21st, 
1872, aged 85. 

During the early part of his residence in this county, Mr. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. I43 



Collett was an active participant in the politics of the county 
and in all matters of general and public interest. He was a 
man of sagacity and prudence in the management of his prop- 
erty, hence, though starting out in life with but little, he 
amassed a fortune of $130,000, the comforts of which he en- 
joyed in his old age. He used to say that "the young man 
who won't dig and work himself will never become wealthy ; 
for it is grubbing for one's self that teaches economy." He 
simply meant to say that a man should not be ashamed of or 
shrink from doing whatever his occupation requires to be done. 

Stephen S. Collett, Sr., father of John, Stephen S. , and 
Josephus, who all live in this county, was also born in Hunting- 
ton county, Pennsylvania. He had a family of ten children, 
eight of whom are still living. He was a pay-master, with the 
title of Major, in the war of 18 12. In his business life he was 
active and full of enterprise as farmer, merchant and pork 
packer. He shipped his pork to New Orleans in flat boats 
down the Wabash. He was the proprietor of the village of 
Eugene. He served several terms in the Indiana Senate, rep- 
resenting the counties of Parke, Vermillion and Warren. He 
had the honor of being one of the nine that, amid jeers and 
twits, voted against the internal improvement bill of 1836. He 
died at Indianapolis, while a member of the Senate, in the 
year 1843. 

Among the early settlers at Walnut Grove were Zeno Worth 
and Shuble Gardner, from North Carolina. Mr. Worth selected 
some good lands which have been held by his family to the 
fourth generation. One of his daughters — Mrs. Dr. Coffin,, 
who still lives near Walnut Grove — is now one of "the old 
relics." 



144 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Judge John R. Porter was born in Berkshire county, Massa- 
chusetts, February 22, 1796, and attended the Episcopal Acad- 
emy in Pittsfield, of that State. He entered Union College, 
New York, under the presidency of Dr. Nott, in 18 13, from 
which he graduated in 18 15, taking the first honors of his class. 
He then entered upon the study of law, and in 18 18 became a 
partner of his preceptor. At that time reports filled the air of 
fortunes easily made in South America, and he sought passage 
to Rio Janeiro. But before he got off a revolution broke out in 
Buenos Ayres, which changed his plans, and the spring of 18 19 
found him on his way to the far West. 

Armed with letters of introduction to Henry Clay and others, 
he landed in Louisville, Kentucky, in December, 1819. Find- 
ing nothing to induce him to remain there, he struck out for 
Indiana, stopping at Paoli, in Orange county, where he put up 
his law "shingle" to vindicate the rights of the people. 

Soon after this he made the acquaintance of Charles Dewey 
and others of the bar, who became his life-long friends. Clients 
came and business followed, though at that period the labors of 
the bar were arduous, as those who practiced law had to travel 
the judicial circuits on horseback, and often over the most mis- 
erable of roads. 

Mr. Porter was commissioned Postmaster at Paoli in 1822, 
which was the first office he ever filled. In 1825 he was ap- 
pointed Circuit Judge, and the same year was one of the com- 
missioners to locate the seat of justice of Fountain county, 
which was formed from the counties of Montgomery and Wa- 
bash. He was married to Miss Mary Worth, November 13, 
1825. The legislative changes of his judicial circuit were so 
frequent and so great, that he held courts during his term of 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 1 45 



service from the counties on the Ohio river to those of the lakes. 
In 1832, he assisted in making a treaty with the Indians, 
where, surrounded by three or four hundred red men, some 
dressed in the richest of clothing, artfully and elaborately orna- 
mented ; while others, in squalor, rags and vermin, gathered in 
the crowd, while one of them in his speech wrought himself 
into such a rage that he seized the minutes of the council from 
the secretary's table and tore them furiously into fragments. 
Fortunately his ire was subdued, and he was brought back to 
stolid equanimity of temper again by a few trifling trinkets, 
which greatly diverted the Judge, as he thought it the finest 
forensic farce he had ever witnessed. 

Many of the early courts of Judge Porter were held in private 
residences, selected by the Legislature. With such men as Law, 
Blake, Dewey, Bryant, Blackford, Hannegan and Evans, Judge 
Porter assisted in laying the foundation of Indiana jurisprudence, 
and of these and other distinguished associates he ever spoke 
kindly until the day of his death. 

In 1833, by an act of the Legislature, organizing the Eighth 
Judicial District, he was greatly relieved by having his Circuit 
cut down to a civilized boundary, which gave him more time to 
be at home with his family, which he loved so well. 

His term as Circuit Judge expired in 1837, and he was after- 
ward elected Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for the coun- 
ties of Parke and Vermillion, which office he held at the time of 
his death, April 23d, 1853, aged fifty-seven years. He was a 
citizen of this county from 1H26 — twenty-seven years. His 
sons, John W., Isaac and C. D., are among the most prominent 
and wealthy citizens of the county. They still retain the pater- 
10 



I46 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



nal inheritance, which is one of the richest and most sightly- 
farms in this broad and beautiful valley. 

Judge Rezin Shelby who was, while living, one of the promi- 
nent citizens of this county, came here about the year 1824. 
His wife was a Thompson, and came to the county in 1822. 
They lost a valued son in the army of the war of 1861, Major 
David Shelby, who was a gallant officer, and did his duty fear- 
lessly and faithfully up to the period of his death. His widowed 
mother, Mrs. Jane Shelby, still resides on the old place. Their 
lands are among the most valuable of the Wabash Valley. 

There are many other families in this county whom we would 
have been glad to see enrolled in this connection, but we have 
no notes of their history and therefore are forced to silence even 
where worth and virtue have been prominent. In our township 
histories we have others to speak of who were taken in that 
order, and we can not now transfer them. 

Judge John M. Coleman was at one time known as a promi- 
nent citizen of this county, and though he did not die here, he 
left behind him a record of honor and usefulness which should 
give him a place in Vermillion county history. His father, 
James Coleman, was a soldier in the Revolution of 1776, and 
also in the war of 181 2, and in fighting with the Indians it is 
said that he received seven balls in his body and clothing in 
one day's battle. Judge Coleman came to this place from 
Virginia, and was long intimately associated with the old Col- 
lett family. He helped to lay out the city of Indianapolis and 
also the town of Terre Haute, and built the old Court House 
of the latter city. Afterward moving to Iowa, he took the job 
and finished the State House of Iowa City. He subsequently 
died in Iowa City and was buried there. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. I47 



Lieutenent Henry Groenendyke, a son of James and brother 
of John, moved by the impulses of patriotic ardor, enlisted in 
the war of 1861, and went out with one of our Indiana Regi- 
ments to do battle for the Union. The arduous services and 
many privations of the camp and field wore heavily upon his 
constitution, but still being unwilling to quit the field he was 
detailed by General Sherman and placed in the Signal Corps at 
Sherman's headquarters. But disease had already made such 
inroads upon him that even his more favorable position failed to 
give him back his health again, and he sank to death among the 
war victims of 1863. His mortal remains were brought back- 
to this, the place of his birth, where amid the deep emotions of 
those who loved him and had known him from his youth, he 
was solemnly interred in a soldier's grave. 

CHARACTER OF THE TIMBER. 

When these broad bottoms were first settled they were cov- 
ered with heavy timber, except parts of the terrace land, which 
being free from trees, was termed "prairie." It is probable, 
however, as we have already intimated, that these ancient clear- 
ings were a portion of the civilized progress of the Aztecs, or 
mound builders. This seems to have been the conviction of 
Prof. Bradley, an able geologist, who assisted Prof. Cox in mak- 
ing a survey of this county in 1867. We are indebted to the 
Professor for many valuable suggestions and observations, which 
we have freely used, as the result of his inspections has become 
the common property of the State. The Professor thinks it 
probable that during the period when the Indians occupied this 
country, their annual fires prevented the growing up of these 
clearings. We think this possible, if the annual fires of the 



I48 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Indians were not of themselves the primary cause of the prai- 
ries. The Wabash river, running from north to south through 
the count}', with most of its tributaries coming in from the west, 
has given rich alluvial bottoms, which once, perhaps, were heav- 
ily timbered. These bottoms are from one to three miles wide. 
The first bottom is from twenty-five to thirty feet above low 
water mark. The tributaries have bottom from one-half to a 
mile wide. These were originally clothed with giant oak, wal- 
nut, cotton-wood and hickory trees. 

The small blue grass prairies, interspersed along these bot- 
toms, being exceptions to the general rule of timber, made the 
work of clearing very arduous to the primitive settlers. But 
now that they are mostly cleared, they make one-tenth of 
the county. The second bottoms, which are termed "terrace- 
prairies," beginning at the north, are called Walnut, Mound, 
Eugene or Sand, Newport and Helt's Prairies, and are, with the 
brushy lands around them, from thirty-five to sixty-five feet 
above low-water mark. The soil is black, sandy loam, producing 
the richest crops of wheat, corn and grass, and in these respects 
is considered the most reliable in their annual products of any 
lands in the county. The well known "Walnut level," at the 
outskirts, is bordered with walnut, sugar, maple and cherry 
trees. These terraces comprise three-tenths of the county. 

The center part of the county is heavily timbered with good 
choice growth of hickory, sugar, maple, beech, white oak, wal- 
nut, etc. , and has an elevation of two hundred and fifty to two 
hundred and seventy feet above low water mark. 

GRAND PRAIRIE— FRUIT, ETC. 

The Grand Prairie region skirts the county on the west, and 
is rich and gently rolling, and produces good crops of corn, oats 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. I49 



and grass. Nearly one-third of the county has an elevation of 
two hundred to two hundred and fifty feet above the level of the 
river. Good fruit, particularly apples, grows on all these lands. 
The grass crop of the county may be noted as a specialty, par- 
ticularly the blue grass. Prof. Collett exhibited for our inspec- 
tion a sheaf which had been gathered off his farm, which meas- 
ured four feet nine inches. 

Newport, the county seat, has an elevation above the ocean 
of five hundred and twenty feet, and the Wabash river opposite 
four hundred and sixty-two feet. 

COAL RESOURCES OF VERMILLION. 

The coal supply of this county is beyond the comprehension 
of the most calculating. Prof. Bradley, after making only a par- 
tial survey of the county in 1869, says: 

"The first subject to which the seeker for mineral wealth in 
this county would turn his attention is the coal supply. The 
first impression of even a superficial observer would be, that 
there is a great abundance for all future demands ; and the final 
conclusion of the scientific explorer must be that good coal can 
now be mined profitably under at least one-half of the area of 
the_ entire county, and ultimately under probably two-thirds of 
the remainder. A thickness of eight feet would probably be a 
small enough estimate for the coal underlying every foot of the 
county. This would give, by the usual estimate of one million 
to the square mile, for every foot of thickness, the amount of 
1,950,000,000 tons, or 48,750,000,000 bushels, as the supply of 
the county! " 

A county so rich in soil as Vermillion, and so beautiful and 
romantic in scenery ; so well watered and so productive in all 



I50 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



the healthy esculents of the West, and so unlimitedly wealthy 
in its resources of rich bituminous and block coal, must have 
before it ages of prosperity which no mathematician may calcu- 
late or financier define. 

The coal is here as an extra or surplus revenue, and although 
the working of mines is yet in the infancy of its developments, 
the time must soon arrive when furnaces, forges, rolling mills 
and ever}- other conceivable establishment which works in iron, 
and which uses coal, must see that such counties as this afford 
facilities for manufacturing which can not fail to bring fortunes 
such as other distant portions of the country can never possess. 
The very freights such localities have to pay for ores and for 
coal to run their machinery with, would soon amount to a for- 
tune if it could be saved. The coal resources at the Horse 
Shoe Bend of the Little Vermillion, furnish the liigJiest coal 
measures of any other part of the country. At this point man- 
ufactories might be established, communities of industry be 
organized, whose products would enrich themselves and give a 
life of enterprise through all these grand valleys. This is the 
language of advice and counsel given by nature itself, and if 
followed out with any ordinary perseverance, would give em- 
ployment to thousands who could and would make honest and 
happy livings for themselves and families, and thereby increase 
the wealth of the country and enrich the State, which would be 
a far more economical system, both of morals and finances, 
than the present condition of inactive and useless monopolies. 

Indeed it may be safety said that the coal, iron ore, and fire 
brick clay, as it is commonly called, of this county of Vermil- 
lion alone, would give employment, if the proper manufactories 
were established, to a hundred thousand people. The crime of 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. I 5 I 



inactivity — for it is a crime — lies at the doors of men of wealth — 
men who have capital, but who hoard it in lands, stocks, bonds 
and banks, instead of making it active in the way of industrial 
enterprises. These beautiful valleys might be peopled with 
happy communities of artizan industry, where peace and plenty 
would serve as protectors of the public virtue, and this grand 
Vermillion valley be made the Andalusian garden spot of the 
State. 

The coal fields of Clay, Green, Owen, and other counties of 
the southern part of the State, may be fully equal, or even su- 
perior to those of Vermillion, but none of these counties have 
the topographical and physical advantages of this beautiful Wa- 
bash county, and therefore they would not be as pleasant and 
sightly for thickly populated homes, for industrious artizans, as 
Vermillion presents in a hundred different localities. 

Hitherto this Wabash valley, with the exception of a few 
scattering and modest villages, has been wholly given up to ag- 
ricultural pursuits, and until the building of the Evansville, 
Terre-Haute & Chicago Railroad, the Wabash River was their 
only resource of transportation. Hence the country all along 
this beautiful little river, for years remained almost in statu quo. 
Farms, it is true, were improved, and agriculture was conducted 
on a pretty fair line of progress ; but still in many respects the 
country stood still. But the opening of the coal trade, and the 
institution of splendid railroad facilities, have now brought them 
to a new era of enterprize and progress, and it might be said 
that the sun of their prosperity has just now risen above its east- 
ern horizon — that their day of action has just come — albeit there 
are still many of the old " pod-auger " denizens living along the 
valley, who have eked out a tolerably fair living by raising a 



152 VERMILLION COUNTV 



patch of corn and a little " garden sass, '' while there are others 
in the villages dwelling in content with the mere meagre show 
of " independent poverty " — who perhaps do not know that they 
have around them a country, built by Nature, far richer than 
the lands of Ophir or the gold regions of Golconda. With as 
good soil as can be found in the United States, and as lovely 
valleys as are seen in the West, with their vast coal fields under- 
lying almost every acre of land in the county, they have only 
to wield the resources which God and nature have given them, 
to exhibit to the industrious and commercial world as extensive 
and productive manufacturing establishments, and as large and 
prosperous commercial enterprises, as may or can be realized 
in the country. 

To depend on making money and building up the country by 
the poor policy of shipping all their coal to other points to sus- 
tain manufactories elsewhere, can only be compared to the folly 
of another Western policy, viz: the shipping of all our wool to 
Eastern markets and then buying all our clothing, ready made 
at that, from the Eastern manufactories. 

But we need not argue the question of Vermillion county 
enterprise here. This is not the place for it. We are only 
aiming at brief histories and the presentation of the resources of 
the county, and the matter of future activities and of future 
home manufactories we must leave in the hands of the leading, 
wealthy men of the county, and to the general enterprize of the 
capitalists of the whole country. 

The geological explorations of Professors Cox, Bradley and 
Collett, have brought before the eyes of the State and of the 
world sufficient knowledge of the vast mineral resources of this 
county, to show that Vermillion has in it, over it and under it 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. I 53 



as many of the rich gifts of nature as any other county within 
the limits of the State. 

FIRE BRICK CLAY. 

The fire brick and terra cotta works of Messrs. Burns, Porter 
& Co., of this county, located at Hillsdale, on the line of the 
Evansville, Terre Haute & Chicago Railroad, one mile west of 
Montezuma, deserve to be classed among the wonderful pro- 
ductive and artistic operations of the west. 

These works have only been in operation a few years, and 
already they have demonstrated the fact that the fire brick made 
here are the very best manufactured in the country. They have 
been thoroughly tested by being placed in a bridge wall of a 
puddling furnace along with the justly celebrated Mt. Savage 
fire brick, and they withstood this trying test during a period 
of more than seven weeks, in a state of perfect preservation, 
after which time they were no longer noticed, as the wall ap- 
peared to be sound. The average duration of time which the 
best known fire brick stand in a similar situation is nine weeks, 
consequently we may expect from this deposit a fire brick which 
will successfully compete with any article made in the United 
States. 

This clay has the rare and desirable quality of drying without 
cracking or warping, and with but little shrinkage. A crucial 
test was made in the hottest fires possible, with a common fur- 
nace, to glaze or melt it, but without success, which indicates 
th.it it is clear, or nearly so, from alkali and other objectionable 
substances. These tests with brick rudely made by hand were 
deemed so satisfactory that the proprietors felt justified in 
beginning operations for manufacturing fire brick, etc., on a 
large scale. 



154 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



They have visited fire brick factories in the Eastern States, 
and purchased machinery of the latest and best models to be 
found, including a fire clay grinding mill, which has a roller that 
weighs four thousand pounds, and is capable of reducing a 
quantity of clay sufficient to make four thousand bricks per day. 
This mill and other machinery is driven by a twenty-four horse 
power engine. 

The great and rapidly increasing demand for these bricks is 
such that the proprietors are making their arrangements to so 
enlarge their works and to increase their facilities, as to be able 
to supply any demand which may be made upon them. Their 
present facilities for manufacturing are fourteen thousand per 
week. They are now increasing them to twenty-two thousand 
per week, and even this, as may be seen, is only the "beginning 
of the end. " 

The works of this establishment are even now the most con- 
veniently arranged of any manufacturing works of any sort we 
have ever seen. 

Situated at the foot of the hill, within a few steps of the rail- 
road, in the opening of a hollow, the material for their work is 
mined out above, and is dumped down upon the floor, where it 
is ground, after which it is dumped again down upon the mould- 
ing and drying floor. 

There is also a fine vein of coal in the same hill, high above 
the works, which is mined and dumped down to the furnace in 
the same manner. 

The deposit of fire clay is inexhaustible. It is seven feet 
thick, four feet of which is of a very superior quality, from 
which is made their No. I brick. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 155 



The shipment of these brick is rapidly becoming a prominent 
commodity of transportation from this county, and as the de- 
mand hitherto has been greater than the supply, the prospect is 
that it will soon grow to be immense. 

The Terra Cotta Work, which is being manufactured at this 
establishment, is a feature of artistic creation, which cannot fail 
to attract very general attention. It is neat and smooth, taste- 
ful and beautifully ornamental, and can be made of every order, 
style and purpose. The parties who own, and who are directing 
this establishment, have the enterprise and ability, as well as 
ample means to build up a very large business. 

The indications, indeed, are that the Goddess of Art, as well 
as the Vulcan of Metals, once had homes among these romantic 
Vermillion hills. 

THE EVANSVILLE, TERRE HAUTE AND CHICAGO RAILROAD. 

Through the energetic and persevering efforts chiefly of 
Josephus Collett, Jr., this important thoroughfare was com- 
pleted from Terre Haute to Danville, Illinois, in 1870. Of 
course there were many obstacles to encounter in accomplishing 
such an enterprise, but whatever they were they are all over- 
come, and the people owe to its chief manager and friend a 
debt of gratitude which it will be difficult for them to pay. 
Mr. Collett, however, makes no demands upon the public 
gratitude, for he feels that he is fully paid for all services ren- 
dered when he sees the road, as he now does, in "the full tide 
of successful operation," and comparing with any other in the 
State. 

Running through as beautiful valleys of lands as any the 
Wabash contains, where industry and the agricultural improve- 
ments of the age have made almost the entire country a flower 



156 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



garden of verdure and beauty, the scenery along the full length 
of the road can not but feast the eye of the traveler, while the 
regularity and substantial smoothness of the entire track will not 
fail to make the impression that it has been well built and is 
well managed, and will compare favorably with any other road 
in the West. Connecting directly, as it does, at Danville, 111., 
with the Danville and Chicago Railway, it is properly a com- 
plete and immediate north and south road from Evansville to 
Chicago. 

As President of this road, Mr. Collett shows his capacity to 
manage as well as build such a thoroughfare, and while the 
management remains in the same hands its healthful interests 
and success need not be doubted. 

George Penn and W. D. Guernsey, conductors, whom we 
have met on this road, are modest, business gentlemen, who 
merit the confidence of their present eminent standing. 

This road has thirteen stations within the bounds of Vermil- 
lion county, all of them at present small in population, but the 
enterprize of the coming years will no doubt greatly enlarge 
them. 

INDIANA AND ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD. 

This is a new road, of which H. B. Hammond is President, 
and is now completed from Decatur, Illinois, to Montezuma, 
in Parke county. Its Indiana division will pass through Parke, 
Hendricks and Marion counties, to Indianapolis. This latter 
portion we learn will soon be put under contract and completed 
to our State capital, making another addition to its already 
superior railroad center. 

The completion of this road will add no little to the opening 
up of the mineral wealth of this county, as it passes directly 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. I 57 



through a portion of its richest coal fields and unexplored stone 
quarries, and near the inexhaustable beds of fire brick clay, 
thus opening the way to industrious enterprises where fortunes 
will be made for thousands in the coming years. 

AGRICULTURAL SPECIALTIES. 

The agricultural products of this county, in connection with 
its general wealth, furnish good evidence of its prosperity, as 
well as of its industry, enterprise, and rich productive power. 
The farmers we have met in the county are men of more than 
the ordinary culture and intelligence ; quite a number of them 
we found to be good scholars and well posted in all the affairs 
of general business, commercial interests, the economy of gov- 
ernment, and with the modern developments and improvements 
in agriculture. It is not, therefore, strange that Vermillion 
county is in a state of good cultivation, and presents to the eye 
of an intelligent observer as much domestic and rural comfort 
and beauty as any other county in the State. 

It will be seen from the following exhibits, which we gather 
from the Ninth Census Reports for 1870, that the agricultural 
interests of the county are well sustained in every department : 

PRODUCTIONS OF AGRICULTURE. 

Number of acres of land improved, . . . 87,558 

Unimproved woodlands, . . . . . * 62,065 

Other unimproved lands, . . . . . 613 

Cash value of farms, ..... $4,148,925 

Farming implements, etc., ..... 98,358 

Wages paid for, ...... 82,935 

Estimated value of farm productions, . . . 892,741 

Orchard products, . . . . . . 13,819 



158 



VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Forest products, .... 

Value of home manufactures, 

Value of animals sold or slaughtered, 

Value of live stock, 

Number of horses, 

Number of mules, . 

Number of milch cows, 

Working oxen, . . . . 

Other cattle, .... 

Number of sheep, . 

Number of swine, 

Bushels of wheat raised, 

Bushels of rye, 

Bushels of Indian corn, 

Bushels of oats, .... 

Bushels of barley, . 

Bushels of buckwheat, 

Tobacco, pounds, . . . . 

Wool, pounds, .... 

Bushels of peas and beans, 

Bushels of Irish potatoes, 

Bushels of sweet potatoes, 

Gallons of wine, .... 

Butter, pounds, . . . . 

Tons of hay, .... 

Maple sugar, pounds, 

Gallons of sorghum molasses, 

Gallons of maple molasses, 

Honey, pounds, 



$8,756 

3,88i 

241,419 

597.764 

5- 55-i 
292 

2,278 

17 
4.865 

•3.552 

• 4-047 
261,250 

2,440 
598,322 

54,257 
166 

235 
290 

44,595 

289 

33,^7 

222 

20 

145,253 

9,659 
10,485 

io,593 
i,34i 
3,415 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. I 59 



TAXATION STATISTICS. 

Assessed value of real estate, .... $3,163,000 
Assessed value of personal property, . . 1,632,000 



Total assessment, ..... $4,795,000 

True valuation, ..... 10,000,000 

Taxation for the State, . . . . . 21,383 

Taxation for the County, .... 79-435 

Taxation for the Townships, . . . . I 3»853 



Total, . . , . . . . $114,621 

FREIGHT EXPORTS FOR 1874 

Wheat, bushels, ....... 153,000 

Corn, bushels, ...... 358,000 

Other grain and seeds, bushels, .... 164,000 

Flour, barrels, ...... 18,500 

Cattle, head, ....... 7,800 

Horses and mules, ...... 1,300 

Hogs and sheep, ....... 52,300 

Coal, bushels, ...... 1,050,000 

Brick, ......... 420,000 

Lumber, feet, ....... 530,000 

Other products, car loads; . . . . . 235 

Total population of the county, 12,939 — 81 colored. 

Of the children of the county, 3,073 have attended school ; 
418 can not read ; and 827 can not write among the adults. If 
"ignorance is bliss," they have 1245 happy people in the 
county. 

William Skidmore, of Helt township, is the oldest person liv- 
ing who was born in Vermillion county. 



l6o VKRMILLION COUNTY. 



GENERAL REMARKS 

In gathering the historical facts of a county, it is remarkable 
how little many know of their own home history ; and it is no 
less strange to observe that many seem to care nothing about the 
facts of the past, or the life struggles of the old pioneers, or even 
of the sacrifices and toils of their own ancestors. Stolid and 
stupid as the silent quietude of the toad by the wayside, they 
sit in selfish contentedness, as if life itself was but an ignorant 
negation, and it is as hard to get a historical fact out of such 
folks as it is to drain the nectar of life from the body of a turnip, 
or the light of nature from the eyelids of the night owl. In 
this county, however, we have the pleasure of saying that we 
have had every facility offered and all information given politely 
and satisfactorily, and the result is, as will be seen, the historical, 
agricultural, statistical and personal items of the "Guide Book" 
of Vermillion County excel all the other counties which have 
had a Guide Book published. 

To our good friends — Hon. John Collett, Isaac Porter, Esq., 
Hon. John Groenendyke, and others, we are largely indebted 
for many of the facts of this brief, and yet doubtless very im- 
perfect history of Vermillion county. 



EXHIBIT 



OF 



RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES 



OF 



VERMILLION COUNTY FOR THE FISCAL 
YEAR ENDING MAY 30, 1874. 



RECEIPTS. 




On account of County revenue, 


$18, 140 03 


" Road revenue, 


5.551 45 


" Township revenue, 


1,544 06 


" Special school, 


• 7.743 29 


" Special tuition, ... 


9.°° 8 33 


Dog, 


733 32 


" Tax sale redemption, 


268 03 


" Estrays, . . . . 


1 1 25 


" Ind. & 111. Central Railroad Co., 


• 213 79 




#43,213 55 


EXPENDITURES. 




On account of Road revenue, 


#3.354 46 


" Township revenue, 


1,309 36 



II 



102 



VERMILLION COUNTY. 



On account of Special school revenue, 
Special tuition, 

County Officers' fees and salaries, 
Jurors, . . . . . 

Bailiffs 

Poor, ..... 

Criminals, .... 

Public building's, 

Coroner's inquests, 

Roads and highways, 

Tax sales redemption, 

Assessing, .... 

Bridges, ..... 

School Superintendent, . 

Returning fines, 

Courts, .... 

Printing, .... 

Books and stationery, 

Taxes refunded, 

Insane, . 

Deaf and dumb, 

House of Refuge, 

Interest, .... 

Dog revenue, .... 

Attorney's fees, 

Fuel, ..... 



86,377 35 
8,608 7i 

4.397 48 

1,036 03 

502 oo- 

2,924 85 

• 153 09 
409 92 

• 23 35 

390 30 
. 288 34 

1.532 65 

6,138 16 

272 00 

19 20 

1,098 60 

346 75 

1.275 55 

245 87 

• 389 45 
116 65 

• 142 25 
202 80 
801 02 

55 00 
98 87 
Specific and miscellaneous allowances, 250 50 



#42,870 58 
THOS. CUSHMAN, Auditor. 



RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. 



163 



To the Board of Commissioners of Vermillion Co. , Indiana : 

I herewith submit my annual report of the receipts and dis- 
bursements of the county revenue for the fiscal year ending 
June I, 1874: 



RECEIPTS. 



Vermillion County revenue, 
Road revenue, 
Township revenue, 
Special School revenue, 
Tuition, .... 
Tax sale redemption, 
Estrays, 
Dog revenue, 
Railroad, 



DISBURSEMENTS. 

On account of Poor, 

" Interest on county order 

" Insanity, 

" Inquests, 

Returning fines, 

Tax sales, 
" Officers, 

" Assessors, 

Stationery, 

Bridges, 

Bailiffs, . 

Jurors, 
" Public buildings, 

Roads, 

Fines, 
" Fuel, 



s, 



$18,140 


93 


5,551 


45 


1,514 


06 


7,743 


29 


9,000 


33 


• 733 


38 


213 


79 


#43,214 05 



#i,975 62- 

905 70 

286 30. 

• 17 25, 

. 8 85 

39 ! 9 L 
1,283 S 7 
1,496 00 
. 675 09. 
4,206 16 
334 56 
• 750 6^ 
230 78 
184 90' 
10 30, 
66 80. 



t64 



VERMILLION COUNTY. 



On account of Printing, .... 

" Courts, ..... 

" Tax refunded, 

44 Attorneys, .... 

Offices, .... 

Deaf and dumb, 

Railroad, .... 
44 Criminals, 

44 House of Refuge, 

" County Superintendent, 

44 Interest, county, 

" Elections, .... 

44 Extra tuition, 

" Special school revenue, 

" Road tax, .... 

" Tuition tax, 

<l Township tax, 

" Dog tax, .... 

Total, ..... 

Amount on hand June I, 1873, 

Receipts to June I, 1874, .... 

Total, ...... 

Amount of disbursements, .... 

Amount railroad orders redeemed and not registered, 60,000 00 



3I9 1 75 

699 3i 

224 73 

74 00 

• 5 65 
1 16 65 

13 75 

32 10 

109 6y 

272 00 

212 80 

2 50 

. 3,607 19 

6,457 45 
. 2,616 17 

5,971 09 

• i,330 97 
824 65 

#35.497 69 

$66, 167 92 

43,214 05 

$109,381 97 
#35,497 69 



Total, #95,497 69 

Balance on hand, .... $13,884 38 

Examined and approved June 4, 1874, by 

ABEL SEXTON, 
B. W. RIGGS, 
WILLIAM F. BALES, 
Commissioners Vermillion County, Ind. 

JAMES A. FOLAND, 
Treasurer of Vermillion County. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 65 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 



This is the southern township of the county, and is bounded 
on the north by Helt township, on the south by Vigo county, 
on the east by the Wabash river, or the line of Parke county, 
and on the west by the boundary of Illinois. 

The soil of the township varies greatly in its general charac- 
ter. The river bottoms are of the richest alluvial, while hill 
lands are scarcely second quality. Yet, as a general thing the 
lands of the township are good, and each acre is valuable, be- 
cause of the immense mineral beds of coal underlying them. 

There were in the township in 1870, 11,995 acres of land un- 
der cultivation, valued at $694,610; while the uncultivated is 
generally covered with good oak, poplar, walnut, beech, and 
other kinds of timber of various qualities. 

The live stock of 1870 was estimated at $94,430; farm pro 
ductions at $142,922, and the number of bushels of Indiaa corn 
at 98,095. 

The improvements of the last four years have added largely 
to these figures, as within this period they have been furnished 
the advantages of railroad transportation, which have given new 
impulses to every branch of business, and greatly increased the 
area of their agricultural cultivation. 

Within this period, also, a number of coal banks have been 
opened, which are now being vigorously worked, and from which 



l66 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



heavy shipments are made of as good coal as perhaps can be 
found in the State. 

The coal of this township, it may be said, is just becoming a 
vialty in their resources, for there are sufficient quantities of it, 
of easy access and of good quality, to make its mining and ex- 
portation a remunerative business. 

The broad valleys of the Wabash, and those of Brouillets 
Creek afford the richest soils of the township. The other lands, 
however, which have been brought under cultivation, are found 
to be both productive and profitable. The uplands are under- 
laid with coal, while the lowlands are only chiefly distinguished 
for their soil. 

The earl)- settlement of this Wabash country was attended 
with a good deal of sickness, as indeed was the case with most 
of the broad valleys of the West. These diseases had to be 
battled with by the first settlers, and of course many fell victims, 
of men, women and children, to their pioneer enterprize. But 
it has been found, as the country is cleared and a better class of 
dwellings are erected, the general health will compare favorably 
with any other portion of the State. 

As near as we can ascertain, from the statements of old set- 
tlers, it appears that the first inhabitants of the count}- came 
from Fort Harrison. Among the first of these was John Van- 
nest, who came to Vermillion countv about the year 1S16, se- 

;ed his lands, and having purchased them at the " Vincennes 
Land Sales," proceeded to remove at once with his family to 
his new possessions. He first entered a quarter section, but the 
whole section finally came into his hands, most of which is still 
owned by his descendants. He had scarcely got pcrmanently 
located in his frontier home, when he began to be troubled by 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. \6j 



the Indians, who, although claiming to be at peace with the 
whites, were apparently bent on preventing the occupation of 
their hunting grounds by the settler. Previous to this time, 
however, we are told that during a quarrel between two soldiers 
at Fort Harrison, one of them discharged his weapon at the 
other, but the ball missing the body of his opponent, lodged in 
the person of an Indian squaw, killing her instantly. Where- 
upon the enraged savages vowed to execute summary ven- 
geance on the first white woman who should cross the Wabash. 
Their hatred then, of course, was at once directed toward the 
family of Vannest. They made two attempts to kill Mrs. Van- 
nest, but were frustrated in their designs, once by a friendly 
Indian, who had formed a strong attachment for the family, and 
a second time by the timely interference of Mrs. Vannest's bro- 
thers, who repulsed the redskins in a short conflict. But the 
situation at this time seemed so precarious that Mr. Vannest 
concluded to remove his wife and children back to the fort. He 
did so, but returned at once to his land and commenced to clear 
his farm, braving the danger with that courage and tenacity so 
commonly exhibited by the early settlers of Indiana. The In- 
dian troubles at length subsiding, his wife returned and lived in 
peaceable enjoyment until her death. Their son, John Vannest, 
was the first white child born in the county. And here let us 
mention that from the section of land entered by John Vannest, 
the elder, no less than forty-five men entered the service of their 
country during the late war. 

William Hamilton, another who can lay claim as being one of 
the first families, settled in this township in March, 1818. His 
son, John Hamilton, claims to have been in the county longer 



l68 VERMILLION COUNTV 



than any one now living. Wm. Hamilton, another son, is the 
oldest person living who was born in Clinton county. 

Capt. Swan, "an old boatman," and a prominent citizen, who 
has made over sixty trips to New Orleans, on both "rafts" and 
"flats," came to Vermillion county in 1823. The Captain sat 
on the first jury impanncled in the county. 

Among the early settlers of this township we may class Dr. 
J. B. Hedges, who came here from New York with his father, 
John W. Hedges, when a boy, in 1824. He grew to manhood, 
studied medicine, and has practiced here some thirty years. He 
has now measurably retired. 

John R. Whitcomb came in 1831. He is now among the 
venerables, and is highly esteemed all about here as "Uncle 
John." His battles are fought, his fortune is made, and now 
full of years, he waits his time. 

William Harris, government surveyor, laid off the village of 
Clinton in 18 18; and, in honor of De Witt Clinton, of New 
York, gave it his name. 

The growth of Clinton was exceedingly slow until the com- 
pletion of the railroad, since which time it has been gathering 
new life, and now bids fair to make quite a business place. It 
lies fifteen miles north of Terre Haute, on the west bank of the 
Wabash, and has all the advantages of a flourishing locality. 
It is the largest town in the county, having one thousand inhab- 
itants. It has five dry goods and three drug stores, four pro- 
vision stores, four grain warehouses, from which large quantities 
of grain are shipped annually, two flouring mills, and no saloon ! 
The physicians of the place arc Drs. Corkins, Crozier, Bogart 
and Stewart, who are said to be well read and safe practitioners. 
John Whitcomb is the oldest merchant in the place, and J. M. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 69 



Hager is called the most honest and best saddler and harness 
maker in the county. 

The first mercantile establishment in Clinton was opened by 
John and Benjamin Whitcomb, in whose store could be had 
almost anything from a Jews-harp to a barrel of salt, for spe- 
cialties were unknown in those days, and merchants were 
obliged to keep a general assortment. 

The first post office was established here and conducted by 
David Patton as postmaster. And here, upon the arrival of the 
United States mail, which was usually carried by a dare-devil 
bo5\ mounted upon a raw-boned, knock-kneed specimen of a 
horse, the hardy pioneers gathered in anxious groups, to hear 
the news from the outer world, and greedily they drank in each 
item of interest ; for in those days the long intervals between 
mails, often more than a month, made men hungry for news. 

The first mill was built by John Beard about the year 18 19 or 
1820, on Brouillets Creek, near the present site of Mr. Neb- 
eker's mill. Beard also kept the first public house in Clinton. 
Religious services had heretofore been held at the houses of the 
settlers, but in 183 1 the Presbyterians built the first church, a 
substantial structure, which, however, is now used for other 
purposes. 

Among the farming and stock raising citizens of this Wabash 
valley it is our special duty, perhaps, to speak a few extra 
words of Mr. Claude Matthews, whose Hazel Bluff farm some 
three miles from Clinton, on the waters of Brouillets Creek, con- 
tains the largest stock investment of any other farm on the Wa- 
bash. The residence of Mr. Matthews is situated on a command- 
ing bluff overlooking the broad valley of Brouillets Creek, which 



I70 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



borders the southern line of his lands, and presents as fine and 
picturesque a bottom view as we have seen in the State. The 
entire lands of Mr. Matthews — some two thousand acres — are 
rich in soil, abundant in coal and well wooded with white-oak, 
sugar tree, hickory and walnut. He has about five hundred 
acres of his bottom lands in cultivation. His chief attention, 
however, for several years, has been given to the raising of 
blooded stock of the Short Horn and Bluff Ardric Breeds. 
His stock has so increased on his hands that during the present 
month he has a grand sale of his blooded animals which will 
call hundreds of purchasers to his farm from all parts of the 
West. Though not over thirty, Mr. Matthews has already 
shown himself to be a thorough business man and capable of 
the largest enterprises. Cool and cautious, plausible and of 
the highest moral integrity, he makes no pretensions he can not 
fullfil, and never asks for favors from friend or foe. He is a 
valuable citizen in this community, and is every year becoming 
more distinguished for his honorable dealings and generous 
hospitalities. 

Among the distinguished citizens of this township we may 
name commendably, H. A. White and William O. Wash- 
burn, Esqs., as having represented this county in the Legisla- 
ture of the State. 

Walter G. Crabb was born in Fayette county, Ohio, and 
came to this locality in 1824. He lives on his farm three miles 
from Clinton. 

Some years ago Miriam G. Towsley erected a large frame 
edifice in Clinton and opened a military institute, but from some 
cause the enterprise proved a failure. The building is now used 
as a boarding house. The genius of many men leads them to 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. I 7 I 



enterprises ahead of their times. The present prospects of 
Clinton would now tell another story. 

There are in the township two fine substantial bridges. One 
at Chum's Ford, built by J. J. Daniels, is a covered bridge. 
The length of span is 1 50 feet, and the abutments are of stone. 
Cost $10,000. The other, at Spangler's Ford, no feet long, is 
similar in construction, was built by the same party, and cost 
^8,500. 

SCHOOLS. 

By report of School Trustee we find that there are in Clinton 
township ten school houses, valued at $8,100 ; number of pupils 
enrolled — male 326, female 310 — total 636 ; number attending 
school during the year 560 ; daily average attendance 300 ; length 
of school term seven months; number of teachers — male 10, 
female 4 — total 14; average daily compensation of teachers, 
$2.43; voting population of township 521. 

Public School, of Clinton ; valuation of property, $3000 ; 
number of scholars enrolled, 239 — males, 125, females, 114; 
average daily attendance, 140; number of teachers, 3; P. Z. 
Anderson, School Trustee. 

CHURCHES. 

l\l. E. Church, Clinton ; membership, 75 ; pastor in charge, 
Rev. John E. Newhouse ; Sabbath school superintendent, B. F. 
Morey ; average attendance 75 ; value of church property $2,500; 
parsonage $2,000. 

Centenary Methodist Church, situated four and one-half miles 
west of Clinton; membership of church, 40; pastor in charge, 
John E. Newhouse; class leader, John Darby; stewards, Abra 
ham Jenkins, Franklin Shew ; superintendent Sabbath school, 
Amon Dowdy. 



I7 2 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Bethel United Brethren Church, situated five miles south- 
west of Clinton; valuation of property, $1,800; membership of 
church, 70; pastor in charge, Rev. Zeller; superintendent of 
Sabbath school, Levi Wright ; average attendance, 40. 

Presbyterian Church, Clinton; value of church property, 
$2,000; pastor in charge, Rev. Thomas Griffith; membership, 
40 ; superintendent of Sabbath school, Wm. Campbell ; average 
attendance, 70. 

Union Class of the United Brethren Church ; situated 6% 
miles southwest of Clinton ; membership, 63 ; pastor in charge, 
Rev. Zellers; Superintendent Sabbath school, Peter VVilhoit; 
average attendance of school, 40. 

Hazel Bluff Sabbath School, situated three miles south of 
west of Clinton ; superintendent, William Wright ; Claude Mat- 
thews, secretary; average attendance of school, 35. 

Spangler's Sabbath School, situated northwest of Clinton; 
Melory Hedges, superintendent; average attendance, 35; num- 
ber of classes, 4 ; teachers, 4 ; Charles Runyan, secretary. 

LODGES. 

Jerusalem Lodge, Xo. 99, F. and A. M., Clinton; member- 
ship 50 ; charter members — Sylvester Redfield, John N. Per- 
kins, Hiram Barnes, John R. Whitcomb, Benj. R. Whitcomb, 
William S. Price, James Gazsoway, James McCulloch, Nathan 
Sidwell, J. J. Moore, and William Barrick. Value of Lodge 
property, $300. Charter granted May 29, 1850. 

Council Xo. 3, Sovereigns of Industry, Clinton; membership 
27; organized May 5, 1874; number of charter members 25; 
officers— James A. Greenwalt, President; David McBeth, Vice 
President; J. C. Campbell, Secretary; T. Victor, Treasurer; 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 73 



S. B. Blackledge, Lecturer; J. C. Hall, Steward; D. Moore, 
Inside Guard. James A. Greenwalt is the Deputy President, 
authorized to organize Lodges in the count}". 

Clinton Grange, No. 971, P. of H.; organized June 4, 1874; 
Master, Aquilla Nebeker ; Secretary, C. B. Knowles ; Overseer, 
J. E. Knowles; Lecturer, J. B. Hedges; Steward, Wm. Wright; 
Asst. Steward, J. E. Ryan; Lady Asst. Steward, E. E. Knowles; 
Chaplain, B. F. Morey ; Treasurer, G. B. Sparks ; Ceres, P. S. 
Knowles ; Pomona, Bettie Blandford ; Flora, Sophia Ryan. 

Social Grange, No. 1574; situated 4! m west of Clinton; mem- 
bership, 70; organized March 2, 1874; Amon Dowdy, Mas- 
ter ; H. W. Curry, Secretary. 

Union Grange, No. 1575 ; situated 6^/3 miles southwest of 
Clinton; membership, 45; organized March 3, 1874; James 
Bumgardner, Master; Wm. H. Julian, Secretary. 

Amant Lodge, No. 356, I. O. O. F.; Clinton; membership, 
50; value of property, $250; organized September 30, 1871; 
James A. Greenwalt, Secretary. 

Crusader's Lodge of Good Templars, No. 816; Clinton; mem- 
bership, 65; organized May 1, 1874; William Campbell, Secre- 
tary. 

DIRECTORY OF CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 

Ackerman, Justics; farmer; 3^ m n e Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1841; settled in V. C. 1851. Dem. 

Amerman, James; farrrjer; 5 m n w Clinton. Born in Ind. 183 1; 
settled in V. C. 1843. United Brethren. 

Anderson, N. C; merchant; Clinton. Born in Va. 1837; set- 
tled in V. C. 1853. Rep. 



174 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Anstead, John; bridge watchman E. T. H. & C. R. R.; Clinton. 
Born in London 1833; settled in V. C. 1848. Republican. 
Methodist. 

Anderson, Piatt Z.; druggist; Clinton. Born in Va. 1836; set- 
tled in V. C. 1856. Rep. Methodist. 

Allen, Robert; clerk; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1851; settled in 
V. C. 18—. Methodist. 

Allen, Thomas H.; farmer; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1822; set- 
tled in V. C. 1827. Rep. Methodist. 

Atkins, William P.; farmer; 4 m w Clinton. Born in Va. 1849; 
settled in V. C. 1870. 

Anderson, William; farmer; 3 m s Clinton. Born in Ind. 

ANDREWS, ELIAS ; farmer ; 2 m n Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1820; settled in V. C. 1822. Rep. Presbyterian. 



Bishop, Mrs. S.; milliner; Clinton. Born in Conn. 1812; set- 
tled in V. C. 1849. Methodist. 

BELLUS, L. H.; dealer in real estate; Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1837; settled in V. C. 1867. Rep. 

Bishop, Hiram; retired carpenter and builder. Born in Conn. 
1807; settled in V. C. 1853. Rep. Methodist. 

Blanford, William; farmer; 1 m e Huffmansville, 111. Born in 
111. 1 841; settled in V. C. 1868. Roman Catholic. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 75 



Brown, John C. ; farmer; 6 m s w Clinton. Born in Ireland 
18 1 2; settled in V. C. 1 85 2. Dem. Roman Catholic. 

BOYCE. EDWIN P.; farmer; 7 m n Sanford P. O., Vigo Co. 
Born in N. H. 1828; settled in V. C. 1839. Rep. 

BOYCE, DAN VERSE; farmer; 7 m n Sanford P. O., Vigo Co. 
Born in N. H. 1836; settled in V. C. 1839. Re P- 

BOYCE, GEORGE W.; blacksmith; 6 miles south of west 
of Clinton. Born in Vt. 1833; settled in V. C. 1839. 
Rep. United Brethren. 

Bledsoe, Larkin; farmer; Y / 2 m n Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in S. C. 18 10; settled in V. C. 1847. Dem. 

BUMGARDNER, JAMES; farmer; 3 m n w New Goshen, 
Vigo county. Born in Va. 1839; settled in V. C. 1865. 
Dem. Regular Baptist. 

Bumgardner, Noah; farmer; 2\ m n e Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in Va. 1833; settled in V. C. 1865. Dem. Christ. 

BUMGARDNER, ISAAC T.; farmer; 3 m n e Libertyville, 
Vigo county. Born in Va. 1823; settled in V. C. 1855. 
Dem. Christian. 

Butts, Albert; farmer; 2.% m s w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1 83 1 ; 
settled in V. C. 1866. 

Baringer, Christian; farmer; 4^ m n w Clinton. Born in N. Y. 
1828; settled in V. C. 1850. Dem. 

BLACKLEDGE, B. S.; editor of "Clinton Exponent;" Clin- 
ton. Born in Ohio 1 49 settled in V. C. 1874. Indpt. 



I76 VERMILLION COUNTY, 



Bogart, J. H.; physician and surgeon; Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1845. Rep. 

BARNORD, J. H.; plasterer and contractor; Clinton. Born in 
Iowa 1843; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 

BREWER, WILLIAM; miner; Clinton. Born in 111. 1850; 
settled in V. C. 1867. Dem. 

Buchanan, Job A.; carpenter and joiner; Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1835; settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. 

Bishop, F. M.; painter; Clinton. Born in Mass. 1833; settled 
in V. C. 1849. Re P- Meth - 

Brewer, Harlan ; laborer ; 5 m n w Clinton. Born in Tenn. 
18 1 5; settled in V. C. 1857. 

BALES, JOHN; farmer; 7 m w Clinton. Born in 111. 1846; 
settled in V. C. 185 1. Dem. 

BALES, CHARLES; farmer; 7 m w Clinton. Born in 111. 
1848; settled in V. C. 185 1. Dem. 

Brown, John C; farmer; 4^ m w Clinton. Born in Md. 1840; 
settled in V. C. 1857. Re P- 

Bright, Marshal; day-laborer; 4^ m w Clinton. Born in Va. 



CAMERER, M. L., farmer; 5^ m north of west of Clinton. 
Born in Ohio 1825; settled in V. C. 1858. Rep. United 
Brethren. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. \"JJ 



Combes, William M.; farmer; 3 m north of west of Clinton. 
Born in Iowa 1850; settled in V. C. 1850. U. Brethren. 

Clover, Joseph A.; farmer; 6m w Clinton. Born in Ohio 1818; 
settled in V. C. 1821. Dem. Regular Baptist. 

Clover, John D.; farmer; 5|raw Clinton. Born in V. C. 1828. 
Dem. Methodist. 

Carpenter, Martin; carpenter; 4^ m w Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1809; settled in V. C. 1839. Re P- Methodist. 

Conrod, Jacob; farmer; 2\ m w Clinton' Born in Germany 
1802; settled in V. C. 1862. Lutheran. 

CRABB, JOHN W.; miller; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1840; set- 
tled in V. C. 1862. Rep. 

Crozier, James; physician and surgeon; Clinton. Born in 111. 
1836; settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. 

Casey, Michael ; carpenter and joiner; Clinton. Born in Md. 
1834; settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. 

CORKINS, C. C; physician and surgeon; Clinton. Born in 
N. Y. 1822; settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. 

COTTRELL, ZACHARIAH ; farmer; Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1842; settled in V. C. 1869. Rep. 

Crombie, George C; weighmaster; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1848; 
settled in V. C. 1872. 
12 



I78 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



COTTRELL, LINZA ; farmer; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1840; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. 

CROMPTON, JOHN; tanner; % m w Clinton. Born in Eng- 
land 1 8 14; settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. United Brethren. 

Clark, James, Sr. ; farmer; 1% m south of west of Clinton P. O. 
Born in Ohio 1798; settled in V. C. 1828. Dem. 

Clark, James, Jr.; farmer; ij m south of west of Clinton P. O. 
Born in V. C. 1850. Dem. 

Ciark, Joseph S. ; farmer; \yi m south of west of Clinton P. O. 
Born in V. C. 1839. Dem. 

Clark, John; farmer; 2 m south of west of Clinton P. O. Born 
in Ohio 1829; settled in V. C. 1831. Dem. 

CURRY, H. W.; school teacher; 3! m s w Clinton. Born in 
Ind. 1849; settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. 

Carmichael, Thomas ; farmer ; 5 */ 2 m south of west of Clinton. 
Born in Ind. 1847; settled in V. C. 1867. Dem. 

CLEM, ISAAC; farmer; 2 m w Libertyville, Vigo Co. Born 
in Ind. 1843; settled in V. C. 1858. Dem. 

Carmichael, Archibald; farmer; 3 m n e Libertyville, Vigo Co. 
Born in Ind. 1849; settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. 

Chunn, Thomas H.; farmer; 4 m south of west of Clinton. Born 
in V. C. 1822. Rep. Methodist. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. \Jg 



Chunn, William; farmer; 4 m sw Clinton. Born in V. C. 1832. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Curtis, Philo; farmer; 35^ m s w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1838. 
Missionary Baptist. 

Cox, Albert; farmer; 2ms Clinton. Born in Ind. 1847; set - 
tled in V. C. 1869. Rep. 

Cole, Francis A.; farmer; 3ms Clinton. Born in N. Y. 1841; 
settled in V. C. 1864. Missionary Baptist. 

Curtis, Amos; farmer and stock trader; 1 m s Clinton. Born 
in Ind. 1830. 

CAMPBELL, JOHN C; druggist and apothecary; Clinton. 
Born in Ireland 1820; settled in V. C. 1855. Republican. 
Presbyterian. 

Campbell, J. W.; merchant; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1843; set- 
tled in V. C. 1870. Presbyterian. 

CAMPBELL, WILLIAM; druggist; Clinton. Born in Ireland 
1825; settled in V. C. 1855. R- e P- Presbyterian. 

Cole, Francis C; carpenter; Clinton. Born in Illinois 1852; 
settled in V. C. 1865. 

CAMPBELL JAMES; painter; Clinton. Born in Ohio 183 1; 
settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. 

CAMPBELL, JAMES; painter, plain and ornamental paper 
hanger. 



I SO VERMILLION COUNTY. 



CASEY, JAMES; barber; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1841; set- 
tled in V. C. 1874. Rep. 

Crabb, VV. G.; miller; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1816; settled in 
V. C. 1862. Rep. 



Dean, Joshua; farmer; 7 m north of west of Clinton. Born in 
Va. 1801; settled in V. C. 1822. Rep. Methodist. 

Dean, Joseph; farmer; 7 m south of west of Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1838. Christian. 

Darby, James W.; laborer; 6\ m w Clinton. Born in Va. 1849; 
settled in V. C. 1869. Dem. 

Dusthimer, David W.; farmer; 7 m w Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1833; settled in V. C. 1839. Dem. 

DAVIDSON, MARTIN M.; farmer; 7 m w Clinton. Born in 
Ohio 1829; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. 

Darby, John; farmer; 6| m south of west of Clinton. Born in 
Va. 1 8 19; settled in V. C. 1868. Methodist. 

DAVIS, JOHN ; proprietor Davis House ; Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1823. Independent. 

DAVIDSON, JAMES H.; proprietor livery stable and veteri- 
naiy surgeon; Clinton. Born in V. C. 1853. 

DAILEY, SOLOMON; engineer; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1825; 
settled in V. C. 1841. Dem. Christian. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. l8l 



DAILEY, JOHN; engineer; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1855; set- 
tled in V. C. 1853. 

DELP, JOHN; brick maker; Clinton. Born in Pa. 1831; set- 
tled in V. C. 1869. Rep. 

Davidson, Samuel; keeps a boarding house; Clinton. Born in 
Ohio 18 17; settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. 

DOWNING, D.; merchant; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1836; set- 
tled in V. C. 18—. Rep. 

Dalton, Michael; farmer; 6 m s w Clinton. 

Dunlap, William; farmer; 2^mne Libertvville, Vigo county. 
Born in Va. 18 19; settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. 

DARLING, RUFUS; farmer; y/ 2 m s w Clinton. Horn in 
Mass. 182 1; settled in V. C. 1872. Indpt. 

Dewey, Hiram ; farmer; 2|rasw Clinton. Born in West Va. 
1826; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Meth. 

Davis, Silas; cooper and farmer; 2^ m n w Clinton. Born in- 
Ohio 1818; settled in V. C. 1823. Dem. 

Davis, Charles; farmer; 3 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1852. 
Dem. 

DAVIDSON, ALONZO; farmer; 5 m n w Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1847. Rep. 

Dowdy, Amanda; widow of A. J. Dowdy; 4% m w Clinton. 
Born in Ind. 1831. Methodist. 



I 82 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



DOWDY, AMON; farmer; 4 m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1834; 
settled in V. C. 1859. Master of Grange No. 1574. Rep. 
Methodist. 



Edwards, George W.; merchant; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1827; 
settled in V. C. 1830. Dem. 

Eaton, Thomas H.; farmer; 3 m n New Goshen. Born in 111. 
1836; settled in V. C. 1836. Rep. 

Eviston, Thomas; farmer; 3^ m w Clinton. Born in 1803. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Edmonds, Zion ; farmer; 2f m from Clinton. Born in Tenn. 
1824; settled in V. C. 1874. Rep. 



Foreman, Gabriel; carpenter; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1841; set- 
tled in V. C. 18.71. 

Fitzpatrick, P.; watchmaker; Clinton. Born in Ireland 1842; 
settled in V. C. 1871. Rep. Roman Catholic. 

FOLTZ, DAVID; farmer; \y 2 m west of north of Liberty - 
ville, Vigo county. Born in Va. 1827; settled in V. C. 
1838. Dem. Christian. 

FOLTZ, JACOB; retired farmer; i]/ 2 m s w Libertyville, Vigo 
county. Born in Va. 1803; settled in V. C. 1837. Dem. 
Lutheran. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 83 



Foltz, Abraham; farmer; 3 m n w New Goshen. Born in Va. 
1802; settled in V. C. 1839. Dem. United Brethren. 

Funkhouser, William A.; farmer; 2^ mn New Goshen. Born 
in Ind. 1848. Independent. 

Florey, John W. ; farmer; 1^ mn Clinton. Born in 111. 1848; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Dem. 

Foncannon, Alexander; plasterer and farmer; 2 m n w Clinton. 
Born in V. C. 1846. Dem. 

Fields, John; farmer; 6% m north of west of Clinton. Born in 
Ohio 1828; settled in V. C. 1852. Dem. 

Foltz, Joseph; farmer; 1 y? m e Libertyville, Vigo county. Born 
in Va. 1824; settled in V. C. 1869. Dem. 



Groves, Frank J.; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1854; 
settled in V. C. 1864. Methodist. 

Gibbons, William R.; farmer; 4mn w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1834; settled in V. C. 1871. Rep. 

Groves, Mrs. Elizabeth; 4ms w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1836; 
Christian. 

Grady, Thomas ; farmer; 3 m w Clinton. Born in Ireland 1825; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Indept. Roman Catholic. 

GREENWALT, JAMES A.; blacksmith and wagon work. 
Born in Ohio 1850; settled in V. C. 1858. Rep. 



184 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Grimes, G. R. ; coal dealer; with Fitch & Guernsey. Born in 
Ohio 1847; settled in V. C. 1872. 

Gardner, D. W.; carpenter, contractor and builder; Clinton. 
Born in Mich. 1839; settled in V. C. 1855. 

GILSON, CHARLES; barber; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1841 ; 
settled in V. C. 1874. Rep. 

Green, James M.; retired merchant. Born in N. Y. 18 13; set- 
tled in V. C. 1869. Rep. Christian. 

GOOD, F. C; blacksmith; y 2 m w Clinton. Born in Ky. 1838; 
settled in V. C. 1855. 

Gibbens, M. S. ; farmer; 1 m w Clinton P. O. Born in Ind. 
1836; settled in V. C. 1867. Rep. 

Griffin, John; mining and farming; 3 m south of east of Huff- 
mansville. Born in Ireland 1830 ; settled in V. C. 1859. 
Dem. R. Catholic. 

Griggs, Benjamin B.; miller; 3ms Clinton. Born in Ohio 1847; 
settled in V. C. 1874. 

Gosnell, Henry O.; farmer; 2 m n Clinton. Born in Ind. 1845. 
Democrat. 

Gosnell, Columbus; farmer; 2 m west of north of Clinton. 
Born in Ind. 1848. Dem. 

Gosnell, Robert; farmer; 2 m west of north of Clinton. Born 
in Ohio 1832; settled in V. C. 1847. Dem. Universalist. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 85 



HARRISON, MILO ; farmer ; 2\ m s w Clinton. Born in V. 
C. 1835. 

HARRISON, ROBERT ; farmer ; 3 J m s w Clinton. Born in 
Va. 1831; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. 

HARRISON, CALVIN ; farmer ; 4 \ m s w Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1837. Rep. 

HARRISON, F. B.; farmer; 3 J m s w Clinton. Born in V.C. 
1845. Rep. 

HARRISON, ALEXANDER; farmer; 3^ msw Clinton. 
Born in V. C. 1839. Rep. 

HARRISON, JOSEPH ; farmer; 2^ msw Clinton. Born in 
1849. R- e P- 

Hines, Isaac; farmer; 4^ m south of west of Clinton. Born in 
Ohio 1826; settled in V. C. 1839. 

Hopkins, George; farmer; 2 m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 185 1. 

Halstead, Irving; farmer; 5|m w Clinton. Born in N. Y. 1831; 
settled in V. C. 1855. Rep. Christian. 

Halstead, William; farmer; 5 \ m w Clinton. Born in N. Y. 
1841; settled in V. C. 1855. Rep. Christian. 

Humphres, David L. ; farmer; 4 m w Clinton. Born in Ky. 
1836; settled in V. C. 1869. Rep. Christian. 

Hollingsworth, Wesley; farmer; 5 m w Clinton. 



1 86 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Hise, Cornelius ; carpenter ; 4f m south of west of Clinton. 
Born in Ind. 1843; settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. 

Hunt, Ford; coal operator; Clinton. 

HEDGES, WILLIAM ; farmer; 5 m w Clinton. Born in V. 
C. 1853. Rep. 

Harkness, Philo, Jr.; farmer; l% m n e Liberty ville, Vigo 
county. Born in V. C. 185 1. Rep. Christian. 

Harkness, Albert ; farmer; % m n e Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in Ind. 1849. Re P- Christian. 

Harkness, Philo, Sr.; farmer; J m n e Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in N. Y. 18 16; settled in V. C. 1836. Rep. Chris. 

Harkness, Russel; farmer; if m n e Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in Vt. 18 14; settled in V. C. 1846. Rep. Christian. 

Hasting, James L.; farmer. Born in 111. 1840; settled in V. C. 
1868. Rep. United Brethren. 

Huff, John H.; farmer; 2 m n e Libertyville, Vigo county. Born 
in Va. 1833; settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. 

Humphres, Newton ; farmer ; 2 J m east of north of Saint Ber- 
nice. Born in Ky. 1836; settted in V. C. 1848. Dem. 

Haun, David ; farmer and harness maker ; 6 m n w Clinton. 
Born in Va. 1820; settled in V. C. 1849. 

Henderson, Josiah; farmer; 7 m e Clinton. Born in Ky. 1823; 
settled in V. C. 1841. Indept. Christian. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 87 



HUMPHRES, LEVI; farmer; 2]/ 2 m east of south of Saint 
Bernice. Born in Ky. 1833; settled in V. C. 1848. Dem. 
Methodist. 

Holt, David; farmer; 6% m south of west of Clinton. Born in 
Ills. 1841; settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. Christian. 

Holstom, James M.; farmer (tenant); 3J4 m w Clinton. Born 
in Ind. 1820; settled in V. C. 185 1. Rep. Christian. 

HAMILTON, JOHN; farmer; 2 m n w Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1 8 17; settled in V. C. 18 18. Dem. 

Hamilton, Alexander ; coal miner; 2 m n \v Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1846. Dem. 

Hammond, Brantson; farmer; 2 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 

1836. Rep. Methodist. 

Hays, Marion H.; farmer; 2 J m s e Saint Bernice. Born in 
Ind. 1850; settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. 

Hedges, Melroy; farmer; 4! m north of west of Clinton. Born 
in V. C. 185 1. Rep. United Brethren. 

Hatley, Jasper; farmer; 5 m north of west of Clinton. Born in 
Ind. 1843. Rep. Methodist. 

HALL, OSCAR T.; farmer; 3 J m n w New Goshen, Vigo Co. 
Born in Va. 1859; settled in V. C. 1862. Indpt. Mis- 
sionary Baptist. 

Hedges, Columbus; farmer; 5 m s w Clinton. Born in V. C. 

1837. United Brethren. 



1 88 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Hedges, William ; farmer ; 4^ m s vv Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1836. Indpt. United Brethren. 

HANNAH, JOHN ; miller; 3ms Clinton. Born in England 
182 1 ; settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. Congregationalist. 

HAGENBAUGH, WILLIAM; farmer and stock trader; % m 
s Clinton. Born in Ohio 1850; settled in V. C. 1858. 
Indpt. 

Hamilton, William; farmer; 2 J m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1820. Dem. Methodist. 

HALL, J. C; millwright and miller; Clinton. Born in Va. 
1 831; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. 

HANEY, JOHN; grain dealer; Clinton. Born in N. Y. 1808; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. 

HANEY & ROBISON; STORAGE AND COMMISSION 
MERCHANTS, AND DEALERS IN GRAMBINE 
SALT AND CEMENT. 

HOWARD, JOHN ; clerk; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1849; set " 
tled in V. C. i860. Rep. 

HEDGES, I. B.; physician and surgeon; Clinton. Bern in N. 
Y. 1 8 19; settled in V. C. 1824. Rep. 

HAGER, J. M.; saddler and harness maker; Clinton. Born in 
Md. 18 12; settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. 

Henderson, B. E.; blacksmith; Clin' o 1. Born in Ohio 1828; 
settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 89 



HOOVER, ISAAC; blacksmith; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1832; 
settled in V. C. i860. Indpt. 

Henry, James; gardener; Clinton. 

Hostetter, Alonzo ; druggist clerk; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1844. 
Republican. 

HAMILTON, WILLIAM M.; clerk and bookkeeper; Clinton. 
Born in V. C. 1843. Rep. 

Hupp, I. M.; farmer; ij m n w Clinton P. O. Born in Va. 
1826; settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. 

Hollingsworth, Jasper; farmer; 3 m south of west of Clinton. 
Born in Ind. 1833. Rep. 

HARRISON, BENJAMIN; justice of the peace and farmer; 
3^ m s w Clinton. Born in Va. 1805; settled in V. C. 1832. 
Mr. Harrison, elected twenty years ago as justice of the 
peace, has been re-elected as his terms expire. Indpt. 

HEDGES, MILTON P.; merchant; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1831; 
settled in V. C. . Rep. Missionary Baptist. 

HEDGES, MILTON P.; Dealer in Hats, Caps, Boots and 
Shoes, Dry Goods and Clothing ; Clinton. 

Hughes, D. C ; clerk; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1849; settled in 
V. C. 1874. Rep. Methodist. 

Hughes, Elwood; farmer; Clinton. Born in N. Y. 1845; set- 
tled in V. C. 1856. Rep. 



I9O VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Hagenbaugh, VV. S. ; farmer and stock trader; y 2 m s Clinton 
P. O. Born in Ohio 1847; settled in V. C. 1858. Dem. 

Hager, Morris; confectioner; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1854; set- 
tled in V. C. 1857. 



Ike, Paul; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1835. Dem. 
Christian. 



Johnston, Dennis ; harness maker ; Clinton. Born in 111. 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1867. Rep. Christian. 

JOHNSON, ED. H.; harness maker; Clinton. Born in 111. 
1847; settled in V. C. 1863. 

Jones, J. P.; mining; Clinton. Born in Wales 1832; settled in 
V. C. 1872. Indpt. 

JOHNSON, H. T.; carpenter; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1848; 
settled in V. C. 1869. Dem. 

James, C; livery stable and boarding house; Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1834. Rep. Methodist. 

Julian, William H.; farmer; \ l / 2 m n e Libertyville P. O., Vigo 
county. Born in Ind. 1841. Republican. 

Jenkins, Abraham; carpenter and farmer; 4^ m north of west of 
Clinton. Born in Va. 1820; settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. 
Methodist. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. I9I 



Jackson, John R.; farmer; 6 m n w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1850. 

JACKSON, ELIJAH ; farmer ; 7 m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1843. Dem. 

Jackson, Henry; farmer; 6 x / 2 m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1830; 
settled in V. C. 1838. Dem. 

JACKSON, WILLIAM; farmer; 6 m w Clinton. Born in V. 
C. 1839. Dem. 

Jackson, Gideon; farmer; 6 m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1834; 
settled in V. C. 1838. Dem. 

Jackson, Levi; farmer; 6 m north of west of Clinton. Born in 
Ohio. Dem. 



KIBBY, THOMAS; retired farmer; 1 % m n w Clinton. Born 
in Ind. 18 10; settled in V. C. 1831. Rep. Universalist. 

KIBBY, THOMAS A.; school teacher; 1% m n w Clinton. 
Born in V. C. 1845. R e P- 

KIBBY, ISAAC S.; farmer; 1% m n w Clinton. Born in V. 
C. 1838. Rep. 

KIBBY, JANE; daughter of John Vannest; ij{ mn w Clinton. 
Born in Ohio 1812. Methodist. 

KEYES, W. C; physician and surgeon; Clinton. Born in B. 
C. 1847. R- e P- 



I92 VERMILLION COUNTY 



KNOWLES, C. B.; resident farmer; Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1827; settled in V. C. 1861. Indpt. 

KXOWLES, J. E.; resident farmer; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1832; 
settled in V. C. 1861. Indpt. 

Keltz, Michael; farmer; 5 m n w New Goshen. Born in Md. 
1833; settled in V. C. 1858. Dem. 

Kline, M. H.; farmer; 1*4 m e Libertyville, Vigo county. Born 
in Va. 1836; settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. 

Kelley, Benjamin; farmer; 3 m north of west of Clinton. Born 
in Ind. 1841; settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. Christian. 



Leiton, John ; carpenter; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1840. 

Leigh, J. C; shoemaker; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1828; settled 
in V. C. 1855. Rep. Methodist. 

Luce, Charles; farmer; ij m south of west of Clinton P. O. 

LINDSEY, E. R.; farmer; 6 m south of west of Clinton. Born 
in Ohio 1830; settled in V. C. 1852. Dem. 

LINDSEY, JOHN; farmer; 6^ m n Sanford P. O., Vigo Co. 
Born in Ohio 18 15; settled in V. C. 1840. Methodist. 

LUCE, JOHN H.; farmer; 2^ m s w Clinton. Born in N. 
Y. 1818; settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. 

Leigh, W. H.; farmer; 1^ m s Clinton. Born in Ohio 1847; 
settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. I93 



LUCE, JOHN A.; farmer; i^ m s Clinton. Born in Illinois 
1846; settled in V. C. 1857. Methodist. 

LEE, MERRIMAN; farmer; 6J m north of west of Clinton. 
Born in Ky. 1836; settled in V. C. 1858. Dem. Christ 

Leggett, G. M.; teacher; 7 m w Clinton. Born in Ohio 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1862. Independent. Christian. 



McCulloch, Daniel; retired farmer; 2]/ 2 m n w New Goshen. 
Born in N. Y. 1797; settled in V. C. 18 19. Rep. Missn. 
Baptist. 

McClelon, William; farmer; 4 m s w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1837; settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. 

McAlister, J. E.; blacksmith; 3 m w Clinton. Born in 111. 1842s 
settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. United Brethren. 

Milam, Bettie ; schoolteacher; Dana. Born in Ind. 1849; set- 
tled in V. C. 1869. 

Moore, Frank; farmer; 4^ m w Clinton. Born in Ohio 1848 ; 
settled in V. C. 1853. Rep. 

Mitchell, Dave ; constable ; Clinton. 

McComb, S. S.; telegraph operator and railroad agent; Clinton. 
Born in Ohio 1836; settled in V. C. 1874. Rep. Baptist. 

Malone, Sarah; daughter of John Vannest; 1 ]/ 2 m n w Clinton 
Born in Ohio 181 2. Methodist. 

13 



194 



VERMILLION COUNTY. 



MARRS, JOSEPH ; farmer; 2^ m north of east of Huffmans- 
ville P. O., Ills. Born in Ind. 1827; settled in V. C. 1864. 
R. Catholic. Independent. 

McBETH, DAVID; harness maker; Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1845; settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. 

McCue, Henry; bricklayer; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1840; settled 
in V. C. 1874. 

McBETH, DAVID; DEALER IN HARNESS, SADDLES, 
BRIDLES, WHIPS, AND ALL OTHER THINGS IN 
THIS LINE. 

McCLURE, W. A.; commission merchant; Clinton. Born in 
Ind. 1842; settled in V. C. 1874. Dem. 

McLaren, J. C; dealer in coal; Clinton. Born in N. Y. 1833; 
settled in V. C. 1874. Rep. 

McCulloch, W. B.; farmer; 2^ m n w New Goshen. Born in 
V. C. 1830. Rep. M. Baptist. 

Malone, Albert; merchant; Clinton. Born in V. C. 1847. 
Democrat. 

Morgan, Oliver P.; carpenter; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1838; 
settled in V. C. 1856. 

Moore, J. M.; dealer in family groceries; Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1829; settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. 

Morey, J. W.; trader; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1839; settled in 
V. C. 1872. Rep. Universalist. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 95 



Mitchell, S. D. ; carpenter; Clinton. Born in Ind. 18 19; settled 
in V. C. . Universalist. 

MOREY, B. F.; retired blacksmith; Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1828; settled in V. C. 1847. Rep. Methodist. 

MATTHEWS, CLAUDE; farmer; 3 m south of west of Clin- 
ton. Born in Ky. 1846; settled in V. C. 1869. 

MATTHEWS, CLAUDE ; BREEDER OF SHORT-HORN 
CATTLE. 

Mann, Francis M.; farmer; i3^ m e Huffmansville. Born in 
Ohio 1847; settled in V. C. 1853. Dem. 

Morgan, Lewis F. ; minister of Christian Church ; 1 m 11 e Lib- 
ertyville, Vigo Co. Born in 111. 1822; settled inV.C. 1862. 
Rep. Christian. 

Martin, John J.; farmer; 4^ ms w Clinton. Born in Ind, 
181 8; settled in V. C. 18 19. M. Baptist. 

MARTIN, WILEY; farmer; 7 m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1830; settled in V. C. 1838. Rep. 

Marns, Joseph; farmer; 2*^ m north of east of Huffmansville, 
111. Born in Ind. 1827; settled in V. C. 1864. R. Catholic. 

Mattax, Lewis; painter; 5^ m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1869. Christian. 



NEAL, S. H.; ATTORNEY AT LAW AND COLLECT- 
ING AGENT. 1 



I96 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Nation, Isaac; farmer; 6 miles s w Clinton P. O. Born in Ohio 
1844; settled in V. C. 1852. Dem. 

Nation, Jacob; farmer; 3 m n w New Goshen, Vigo county. 
Born in Ohio 1836; settled in V. C. 1865. Dem. 

Newlon, S. J.; farmer; 7 m south of cast of Clinton. Born in 
Ind. 1840. Dem. 

NEWLON, DAVID ; farmer; y 2 m n Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in V. C. 1843. Dem. 

Noblitt, Wm. J.; farmer; y 2 mile east of north of Libertyville, 
Vigo county. Born in Term. 1825; settled in V. C. 1832. 
Dem. Christian. 

Nolan, Madison; farmer; 3 m s w Saint Bernice. Born 
in V. C. 1837. Mr. Nolan lost his arm in the service. 
Rep. United Brethren. 

Neff, F. S. ; merchant; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1839; settled in 
V. C. 1873. Rep. 

NEBEKER, HENRY; student of medicine; Clinton. Born in 
Ind. 1854. 

NELSON, W. E.; commission merchant; Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1844; settled in V. C. 1869. Rep. 

NELSON & McCLURE; DEALERS IN GRAIN AND ALL 
KINDS OF AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. 

Newhouse, JohnE. ; pastor of M. E. Church; Clinton. Born in 
Ohio 1829; settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. Methodist. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. IQj 



NEBEKER, AQUILA; resident farmer; Clinton. Born in Del. 
1815; settled in V. C. 1837. Rep. 

NEAL, S. H.; attorney at law; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1850; 
settled in V. C. 1873. 



OLMSTEAD, WILLIAM; farmer; 2\ m s w Clinton. Born in 
Ind. 1842; settled in V. C. 1843. Rep. U. Brethren. 

OVERBECK, WILLIAM ; farmer; 5 m south of west of Clin- 
ton P. O. Born in Ohio 1835 ; settled in V. C. 1854. R. 
Catholic. 



Phillips, C. W.; photographer; Davis House, Clinton. Born in 
Conn. 1852; settled in V. C. 1874. 

PATTERSON, GEORGE A.; painter; Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1846; settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 

PATTERSON, GEORGE A.; GRAINER, HOUSE PAINT- 
ER AND PAPER HANGER. 

Patterson, Robert; painter; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1852; settled 
in V. C. 1854. 

PATTERSON, A. T.; carpenter; Clinton. Born in Ohio 18 18; 
settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 

Payton, John; merchant; Clinton. Born in Ohio 18 18; settled 
in V. C. 1828. 



I98 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Potter, Elizabeth; ^ m n w Clinton P. O. Born in Ind. 18 16; 
settled in V. C. 1818. Methodist. 

Potter, Monroe; coal miner; 1 x / 2 m n w Clinton. Born in V. 
C. 1848. Dem. 

Propst, Isaac; farmer; 3 m e HufTmansville, 111. Born in Va. 
1827; settled in V. C. 1838. Dem. U. Brethren. 

Pennington, Isaac D.; farmer; 2 m south of east of HufTmans- 
ville, 111. Born in Ind. 1827; settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. 

PROPST, REUBEN ; farmer; fmne Libertyville, Vigo Co. 
Born in Va. 181 1; settled in V. C. 1837. Indpt. U. Breth. 

Propst, Josiah ; farmer ; 1 m n e Libertyville, Vigo Co. Born 
in V. C. 1849. Dem. Christian. 

Pinson, Thomas P.; farmer; \\ m n e Libertyville, Vigo Co. 
Born in 111. 1838; settled in V. C. 1838. Rep. Christian. 

Price, Albert; farmer; 2\ m n Clinton. Born in Ind. 1850; set 
tied in V. C. 1873. 

Perry, William; farmer and mechanic; 2^ m s w Saint Bernice. 

PORTER, WILLIAM L. ; farmer; 6 m north of west of Clinton. 
Born in V. C. 1847. Rep. 

Painter, Charles P.; livery stable; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1847; 
settled in V. C. 1874. Rep. Methodist. 

PEEPLES, DAVID; butcher; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1837; 
settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 1 99 



PORTER, CHARLES; farmer; 3 m w Clinton. Born in N. Y. 
1 8 16; settled in V. C. 18 19. Rep. Christian. 

Patton, Samuel B. ; carpenter; 4 m w Clinton. Born in V. C. 

1 849. Rep. 

Porter, N. M.; farmer; 3^ m w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1836. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Porter, Samuel R.; farmer; 3 m w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1853. 
Republican. 

Payton, Wm.; cooper; 2^mnw Clinton. Born in Ky. 18 14; 
settled in V. C. 1836. Dem. Christian. 

PAYTON, JESSE; cooper; 3^ m n e Clinton. Born in V. C. 

1850. Christian. 

Potter, Washington; carpenter; 3 m n w Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1815; settled in V. C. 1823. Dem. Christian. 

Potter, Henry; farmer; ij m north of west of Clinton. Born in 
Ind. 1826. Dem. Universalist. 

POTTER, GEORGE ; coal miner; 1% m north of west of Clin- 
ton. Born in V. C. 185 1. Dem. 

Potter, Alden; carpenter and farmer; 2\ m north of west of 
Clinton. 

Pauley, William F.; farmer; 4^ m north of west of Clinton. 
Born in Ky. 1833; settled in V. C. 1845. Re P- Meth. 



200 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Roberts, James; clerk; Clinton. Born in 111. 1844; settled in 
V. C. 1870. Dem. Christian. 

RANGER, DAVID A.; insurance agent and collector; Clinton. 
Born in Mass. 1828; settled in V. C. 1843. Rep. 

ROSS, E. A.; painter; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1832; settled in 
V. C. 1873. Rep. 

ROSS, E. A.; PAINTER, PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL 
PAPER HANGER. 

ROBISON, W. H. H.; grain dealer; Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1840. Rep. 

Ryan, J. E.; resident farmer; Clinton. Born in Canada 1838' 
settled in V. C. 1859. 

Riley, William; farmer; 1 m n Libertyville, Vigo Co. Born in 
Pa. 1821; settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. Christian. 

Reeder, Nelson; farmer; 2]/ 2 m s w Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1816; settled in V. C. 1818. 

Reeder, Joseph W.; farmer; f m s Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1845. Rep. 

Runyan, Harrison; farmer; 3 m north of w.est of Clinton. 

Runyan, James; farmer; 5 m w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1847. 

Runyan, John; farmer; 6 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1843. 
Democrat. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 201 



Runyan, Lewis F.; farmer; 2\ m se Saint Bernice. Born in V. 
C. 1852. Dem. Methodist. 

Robertson, George; farmer; 5 m n e Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1849; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 

Runyan, Jesse; farmer; 6 m n c Clinton. Born in Ohio 18 10; 
settled in V. C. 1841. Dem. 

Beed, Andrew; farmer; 1 m s Saint Bernice. Born in N. C. 
1820; settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. Methodist. 

Ross, D. P.; farmer; 6 m w Clinton. Born in Va. 1829; set- 
tled in V. C. 1874. Rep. Christian. 

ROBERTSON, JAMES M.; farmer; 2 J m e Huffmansville, 111. 
Born in Ind. 1844; settled in V. C. 1870. Dem. 

Ryerson, Mrs. Phebe; widow of Samuel Ryerson; Clinton. 
Born in Va. 1795; settled in V. C. 18 19. Methodist. 

Rucker, Richard; cooper; 3 m s w Clinton P. O. 

Russel, John; farmer; 6 m w Clinton. Born in Pa. 1809; settled 
in V. C. 1874. Rep. 

Rogers, Isaac; farmer; 4 m w Clinton. Born in N. Y. 1807; 
settled in V. C. 1869. Dem. United Brethren. 

Reeder, Allen; farmer; 4^ m south of west of Clinton. Born 
in V. C. 1850. Rep. 

REDDING, H. F.; carriage maker and blacksmith; Clinton. 
Born in Ind. 1823; settled in V. C. 1825. Dem. 



202 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



SMITH, CHARLES H.; railroad agent and telegraph operator; 
Clinton. Born in New York 1836; settled in V. C. 1870. 
Presbyterian. 

SHEPHERD, J. W. ; dealer in cigars and tobacco; Clinton. 
Born in Ind. 1840; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. 

Staats, A. M.; dealer in groceries; Clinton. Born in Va. 1837; 
settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. 

Smith, George H.; carpenter; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1851; set- 
tled in V. C. 185 1. 

Smith, D. F.; mechanic; Clinton. Born in Me. 1822; settled 
in V. C. 1840. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Stanley, J. L. ; woolen manufactory; Clinton. Born in N. C. 
1830; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 

Stone, Isaac; farmer; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1842; settled in 
V. C. 1874. 

Scyoc, A. S. ; farmer; 4 m s w Clinton. Born in Va. 1845; set- 
tled in V. C. 1870. Dem. 

SKIDMORE, JOHN W.; farmer; 3 m sw Clinton. Born in 
Ind. 1848. Rep. M. Baptist. 

SKIDMORE, ALBERT J.; farmer; 3 m s w Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1855. Rep. M. Baptist. 

SHEW, ELI; farmer; 4 m south of west of Clinton P. O. Born 
in N. C. 1 8 19; settled in V. C. 1823. Rep. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 203 



Skelly, John; farmer; 5 ^ m south of west of Clinton P. O. 
Born in V. C. 1855. Dem. Roman Catholic. 

SPARKS, GEORGE B.; farmer; 5% m south of west of Clin- 
ton P. O. Born in Ohio 1830; settled in V. C. 1859. ^ e P- 

Shirley, George; farmer; ij m n Liberty ville, Vigo county. 
Born in Va. 18 16; settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. United 
Brethren. 

Shirley, Jacob; farmer; 1% m n Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in Va. 1851; settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. United 
Brethren. 

Shew, Leonard; farmer; 2]/ 2 m n New Goshen. Born in Ind. 
1836. Independent. 

SHEW, HENRY; farmer and Justice of the Peace; 2 m n New 
Goshen, Vigo county. Born in N. C. 18 15; settled in V. 
C. 1825. Rep. 

SHEW, WILLIAM R.; farmer; 2 m n New Goshen, Vigo 
county. Born in Ind. 1844; settled in V. C. 1859. Rep. 
United Brethren. 

SHEW, GEORGE W.; farmer; 2^ m n New Goshen P. O. 
Born in Ind. 1827. Rep. 

Shew, Leister L. ; farmer; 4m n e Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in V. C. 1839. R- e P- Christian. 

Shew, Lysander; farmer; 3 m n New Goshen. Born in V. C. 
1 841. Independent. 



204 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Seeds, S. Y. ; farmer; 3 m n New Goshen. Born in V. C. 1847. 
Rep. Christian. 

Shannon, William; farmer; 3^ m n w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1846. 

Stogsdill, John B.; farmer; 2^ m s w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1836. Missionary Baptist. 

STULTZ, JOSEPH H.; farmer; 2 m s w Clinton. Born in V. 
C. 1849. 

Stultz, Solomon; farmer; 2 m s w Clinton. Born in Va. 18 18. 

Stultz, George W. ; farmer; i 1 /^ m south of west of Clinton. 
Born in V. C. 1841. United Brethren. 

Smith. Win. P.; tenant farmer; 5 m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1844; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 

SWINEHART, R. H.; tinner; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1822; 
settled in V. C. 185 1. 

STEWART, H. W.; physician and surgeon; Clinton. Born in 
Ky. 1838; settled in V. C. 1874. 

Starkey, Levi; farmer; ij m s w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1835. 

Smart, Jerry; carpenter; 3 m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1848. 
United Brethren. 

Shannon, William C; farmer; 3I- m w Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1844. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 205 

SWAN, WILLIAM; farmer; 4raw Clinton. Born in Pa. 
1802; settled in V. C. 1823. Dem. Universalist. 

SHEW, B. F.; farmer; 5 m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 185 1. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Smith, Joseph ; farmer; 2 m south of west of Clinton. Born in 
W. Va. 1818; settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. Methodist. 

Smith, John J.; farmer; 3ms Clinton. Born in Va. 1843; set- 
tled in V. C. 1854. Rep. 

SPARKS, JOSEPH ; farmer; 3 m s Clinton. Born in Md. 1825; 
settled in V. C. 1843. Indept. Methodist. 

SHANNON, THEODORE; farmer; 3 m west of north of Clin- 
ton. Born in Ind. 1833. Dem. Christian. 

Smith, Benjamin A.; farmer; 3! m n w Clinton. Born in N.Y. 
1837; settled in V. C. 1858. Rep. Methodist. 

Stults, Lewis; farmer; 2^ m north of west of Clinton. Born 
in V. C. 1843. Rep. 

Spangler, Jesse; farmer; 3 m north of west of Clinton. Born 
in Pa. 1807; settled in V. C. 1837. Dem. 

SHANNON, FRANK; farmer; 3^ m n w Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1852. Rep. Christian. 

Shannon, Samuel; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in Ky. 
18 13; settled in V. C. 1840. Christian. 

Salyords, John; farmer; 5^ m 11 w Clinton. 



206 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Shew, Franklin; farmer; 4^ m north of west of Clinton. 
Born in Ind. 185 1. Rep. Methodist. 

Steel, William; retired farmer; 6 m n w Clinton. Born in Ky. 
1S16; settled in V. C. 1846. Dem. United Brethren. 

Smith, James L.; farmer; 6 m w Clinton. Born in Ohio 1 819; 
settled in V. C. 1863. Rep. Methodist. 

Scott, Matthew W. ; farmer and stock trader; 2 m e Huffmans- 
ville, 111. Born in Ind. 1822; settled in V. C. 1848. 



Tosser, Henry; farmer; 4A m n w Clinton. Born in Ohio 1817; 
settled in V. C. 1871. Indpt. M. Baptist. 

Thompson, John D.; engineer; 7 m south of west of Clinton. 
Born in Ohio 1830; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 

Taylor, Simeon; farmer; 4J m w Clinton. Born in Ind. 18 18; 
settled in V. C. 1831. Dem. Christian. 

Taylor, John; farmer; 4J m w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1848. 
Dem. Christian. 

Try, John; farmer; 4^ m w Clinton. Born in Germany 1831; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Dem. Lutheran. 

Thrift, Francis N.; laborer; Clinton. Born in Ky. 1837; settled 
in V. C. 1873. Dem. 

TROWBRIDGE, J. S.; baker; Clinton. Born in N. Y. 1850: 
settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 207 



TISE, A. W.; carpenter; Clinton. Born in N. C. 1834; set- 
tled in V. C. 1872. Dem. 

Tullis, W. H.; resident farmer ; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1840; 
settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. Methodist. 

Tweedy, G. W.; farmer; 1 m west of north of Liberty ville, 
Vigo Co. Born in Ind. 1828; settled in V. C. 1862. Dem. 

Taylor, John F.; farmer; 3 m s w Clinton. Born in Ohio 1816; 
settled in V. C. 1833. Christian. 

TUTTLE, AVA; farmer; 1 m n Clinton. Born in Ind. 1843; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. Methodist. 



UTTER, R. J.; boot and shoemaker; Clinton. Born in 111. 
1842; settled in V. C. i860. Rep. Methodist. 



VAUGHN, JAMES; carpenter; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1823; 
settled in V. C. 1855. 

VICTOR, THOMAS; blacksmith and wagon maker; Clinton. 
Born in Ohio 1833; settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. Meth. 

VANNEST, CATHARINE; widow of John Vannest. Born 
in Ohio 18 13; settled in V. C. 1827. Methodist. 

VANNEST, GEORGE ; farmer; % m n w Clinton P. O. Born 
in V. C. 1847. 



208 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Vaghn, William; farmer; 5 m south of west of Clinton. Born 
in V. C. 1838. 

VANNEST, ISAAC; farmer; 1 % m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1824. Dem. Universalist. 

VESTAL, JOHN; farmer; 6 rri w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1822; 
settled in V. C. 1869. Dem. 

VANNEST, TAYLOR; farmer; 1 m n w Clinton. Born in V. 
C. 1834. Re P- Methodist. 

VANNEST, ISAAC, JR.; farmer; 1 m n w Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1851. Rep. 



Wright, James F. ; farmer ; 3 m east of north of New Goshen, 
Vigo Co. Born in V. C. 1849. U. Brethren. 

Wright, Philander ; farmer ; 3 m east of north of New Goshen, 
Vigo Co. Born in V. C. 1847. 

Wright, Francis M., Sr.; farmer; 2\ m n e New Goshen, Vigo 
Co. Born in V. C. 1840. Rep. U. Brethren. 

WRIGHT, WILLIAM.; farmer; 4m sw Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1832. Rep. Methodist. 

WOOD, WILLIAM ; farmer; 4% m s w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1823; settled in V. C. 1824. Dem. Universalist. 

WELLS, THOMAS; farmer; 4J m n w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1844; settled in V. C. 1868. Rep. Methodist. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 200. 



Wright, Oliver; farmer; 5^ m north of west of Clinton. Born 
in V. C. 1837. Rep. 

WILEY, GEORGE W.; farmer; 3 m s e Huffmansville, 111. 
Born in Ind. 1844; settled in V. C. 1870. Dem. 

Walton, Edward; farmer; 7 m east of north of Sanford, Vigo 
county. Born in Ky. 18 16; settled in V. C. 1859. Rep. 

Wilhoit, Peter; farmer; 1 J m n Libertyville, Vigo county. Born 
in Va. 1837; settled in V. C. 1863. United Brethren. 

Walker, Joseph; farmer; 3 m n e Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in Ohio 1833; settled in V. C. 1859. Dem. Christ. 

WEBSTER, JOHN W.; farmer; 3^ m n w New Goshen, 
Vigo county. Born in Va. 1832; settled in V. C. 1852. 
Dem. Christian. 

Wright, Levi; farmer; 2J m n e Libertyville, Vigo county. 
Born in V. C. 1844. United Brethren. 

WHITCOMB, JOHN R.; retired farmer; % m w Clinton. Born 
in Vt. 1804; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Wilson, James H.; farmer; 2 m south of west of Clinton. Born 
in Ind. 1852; settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. 

WOOD, ISRAEL; farmer; 5 m south of west of Clinton P. O. 
Born in V. C. 1827. Dem. 

Wright, J. O.; farmer; 5 m south of west of Clinton P. O. Born 
in 111. 1851; settled in V. C. 1858. Rep. Methodist. 



210 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Wilson, Thomas G.; farmer; 3^ m e Huffmansville, 111. Born 
in Va. 1804; settled in V. C. 1832. 

Wiley, James; farmer; 2 m e Huffmansville, 111. Born in IncL 
1840; settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. 

Whitson, Harmon; farmer; 2 m w Clinton. Born in Tenn. 
18 1 8; settled in V. C. 1869. Independent. 

Wester, Joseph; farmer; 5^ m w Clinton. Born in Switzerland 
1822; settled in V. C. 1872. Roman Catholic. 

Walraven, Elias; farmer; 4 m w Clinton. Born in Ohio 1826; 
settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Methodist. 

WRIGHT, JOHN, Sr.; farmer; 5 mw Clinton. Born in N. 
Y. 18 18; settled in V. C. 1820. Rep. Methodist. 

Whitted, Enoch; farmer; 4J m w Clinton. Born in N. C. 1828; 
settled in V. C. 1838. Rep. 

Walter, Frederick; farmer; 2\ m \v Clinton. Born in Germany 
1834; settled in V. C. 1857. 

WASHBURN, W. O.; attorney at law; Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1843; settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. 

Wells, G. W., carpenter; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1848; settled 
in V. C. 1867. Rep. 

Wiley, William C; cabinet-maker; Clinton. Born in N. C. 
18 16; settled in V. C. 1844. Rep. Universalist. 

Walter, Henry ; boot and shoemaker ; Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1846; settled in V. C. 1872. Indpt. 



CLINTON TOWNSHIP. 2 I I 

( 

Walling, A. S.; farmer; i-J m n Clinton. Born in Ind. 1830. 
Rep. 

WHITE, H. A.; attorney at law, collecting agent and notary 
public; Clinton. Born in V. C. 1838. Rep. Universalist. 

White, Alexander; farmer; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1825. Rep. 
Methodist. 

WHEDON, F. L.; editor of Clinton Expo nent ; Clinton, Born 
in Ohio 1852; settled in V. C. 1874. Indpt. 

Whitcomb, Charles; merchant; Clinton. Born in V. C. 1848. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Whitcomb, A. L. ; merchant; Clinton. Born in V. C. 1839. 
Rep. Christian. 

Wells, W. F.; clerk; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1850; settled in 
V. C. 1866. Rep. Methodist. 

WASHBURN, R. H.; clerk; Clinton. Born in Ind. 1842; 
settled in V. C. 1850. Indpt. 

Wells, George; retired minister; Clinton. Born in Tenn. 18 10; 
settled in V. C. 1864. Rep. United Brethren. 

Whitcomb, John; merchant; Clinton. Born in Ohio 1821; set- 
tled in V. C. 1830. Rep. Methodist. 

WOLFE, DAVID J.; farmer; 1% m s w Saint Bernice P. O. 
Born in Va. 1813; settled in V. C. 1844. Dem. United 
Brethren. 



212 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



WOLFE, ALBERT S. ; farmer; if m s w Saint Bernice. Born 
in V. C. 1849. L>em. 

WAGGONER, MALCHARD, farmer; 1 m e Clay's Prairie, 
111. Born in Ind. 1844; settled in V. C. 1869. Dem. 

Watson, John H.; farmer; 11 m e Paris, 111., and 7 m w Clinton. 
P. O. Paris, 111. Born in Ky. 1838; settled in V. C. 1850. 
Christian. 

Westlake, B. L. ; farmer ; 6 m w Clinton P. O. Born in Ohio 
1835; settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. Friend. 

Wright, Francis M., Jr.; coal miner; 6% rn w Clinton. Born 
in Ohio 1842 ; settled in V. C. 1862. Mr. Wright lost his 
arm in the service. Dem. 

Wright, John D.; farmer; 3 me Huffmansville, 111. Born in 
Ind. 1835; settled in V. C. 1874. Dem. 



York, T. P. ; carpenter and house builder; Clinton. Born in N. 
C. 1836; settled in V. C. 1871. Dem. 

Yose, James; farmer; 2^ m west of north of Clinton. 

Younger, John; farmer; 5! m w Clinton. Born in Ky. 1834; 
settled in V. C. 1853. Dem. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 213 



KELT TOWNSHIP. 



Helt Township is the largest in the county, and the second 
from the southern boundary. It is bounded on the north by 
Vermillion township ; on the east by the Wabash River, which 
separates it from Parke county ; on the south by Clinton town- 
ship, and on the west by the Illinois State line. It varies from 
eight to nine miles wide from east to west, and is nine miles 
from north to south, and contains an area of over seventy square 
miles. 

The township is well watered by the Wabash and the various 
creeks tributary to it, among which are Norton's Creek, which 
rises near the center of the township and flows a south-easterly 
course, emptying into the Wabash at the south-east corner of 
the township ; and Little Raccoon Creek, which flows south-east 
through the northern part. 

There is much fine alluvial soil in the bottoms lying on either 
side of these streams, which, with proper culture, will produce 
an almost unlimited abundance of corn, and in fact all farm pro- 
ducts. The upland is also found to be excellent for farming 
and grazing. A considerable quantity of the land in this town- 
ship is rough and broken, but as if to compensate this apparent 
defect, it is underlaid with coal of good quality, and in strata of 



214 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



sufficient thickness to make it well worth the trouble of work- 
ing. Quite a number of mines have been opened, and are be- 
ing worked successfully. Many valuable quarries of limestone 
and sandstone have been opened, thus affording excellent build- 
. ing material. These interests can not fail to prove a source of 
immense profit to those who have invested in them. 

The first settlers in Helt township were John Helt, Augustus 
Ford, Michael Helt, Geo. Helt, Daniel Helt and John Skidmore. 
They all settled here in the year 1818. Daniel Helt is the only 
one now living, who furnished this account. Shortly after this, 
others came and settled in this township, among whom may be 
mentioned Matthew Harbinson, Abraham White, Samuel Ryer- 
son, James Harper, Obediah Swayze, Edwin James, William 
James, Elijah James, Alanson Church, John Castle, Richard 
Mack, William Conly, John Martin, Chandler Tillardson, 
Caleb Bailes, John Hiddle, for whom Hiddle's Prairie was 
named ; all of whom have passed away ; and of those now living 
we may mention Dr. C. F. Keys, W. L. Malone, John Ford, 
James Rush, Warham Mack, Steven Harrington and James 
Conley. 

The first child born in the township was William Skidmore, 
in 18 19. 

All these were among the "hardy sons of toil," who 
made homes for themselves and their families in Helt town- 
ship. Like the residents of other townships in the county the 
people of Helt possessed no immunities from the many priva- 
tions and sufferings attending the settlement of these wilds at 
that early period. How grateful, then, ought the sons and 
daughters of those brave pioneers to be when they remember 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 



the hardships, suffering and toil which their fathers and mothers 
endured, that they might hand down to their children the com- 
forts and luxuries of wealth. And now in our time, while liv- 
ing in comfortable homes, surrounded with all the manifold 
blessings of civilization, we must be ungrateful, indeed, if we do 
not feel moved as with a common impulse to rise up and bless 
the memory of those noble-hearted ancestors. 

The first church built was Salem Church, on Hilt's Prairie, 
and the first school was also taught on this prairie. The first 
mill was built upon the bank of Cool Branch, a little stream 
which takes its rise in the central part of the township and flows 
south-west. This mill was built by William Anderson in 1836. 
But it has long since fallen into disuse, and "Cool Branch" does 
not look as if it ever could have run a mill. 

The clearing and settling up of the country has had the effect 
of drying up water courses until many of them that used to be 
considered formidable streams have dwindled into eomplete in- 
significance. 

The principal towns in Helt township are Highland, Dana, 
Bono and Summet Grove. They are lively little places, and 
contain the usual number of dry goods, grocery and drug stores, 
together with shops of various kinds. 

The Illinois and Indiana Central Railroad crosses the Wabash 
river at Montezema, and runs west through the township into 
Illinois. 

CHURCHES. 

Salem Methodist Church, situated one mile north-west of 
Summit Grove ; Rev. M. B. Wood, pastor ; membership, 67 ; 
average attendance at Sabbath school, 80 ; S. R. White, Super- 
intendent. 



2l6 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Asbury Methodist Church, situated three miles south-east of 
Dana; Rev. M. B. Wood, pastor; membership, 41; average 
attendance at Sabbath school, 40; value of church property, 
#800.00. 

Spring Hill Methodist Church, situated four miles north of 
Summit Grove ; Rev. M. B. Wood, pastor, membership, 31; 
attendance at Sabbath school, 42 ; R. P. Mercer, Superintend- 
ent. 

Center Methodist Church, situated 5 miles south-west of Sum- 
mit Grove ; pastor in charge, Rev. John E. Newhouse ; mem- 
bership, 50; average attendance of Sabbath school scholars, 70; 
value of church property, $1500. 

Center Sabbath School was first organized by an Eastern lady 
named Sarah McConhe, and was the first in Helt township. 
The present superintendent, James H. Wishard, has held that 
position for the last fifteen years, during ten of which the school 
has never been closed, winter or summer, and we are pleased to 
record that, through its blessed instrumentality since its organ- 
ization, two ministers have been sent forth into the work. 

Methodist Episcopal Church, situated at Bono ; Rev. M. B. 
Wood, pastor; membership, 41. 

Union Sabbath School ; average attendance, 50 ; superintend- 
ent, Aaron Hise. 

United Brethren Church; Midway; situated 5 miles southeast 
Dana; Rev. J. N. Anderson, pastor; membership, 64; superin- 
tendent Sabbath school, Amos Wells; value of church property, 
#800. 

Hannamon Chapel United Brethren Church, four miles west 
Hillsdale; Rev. James Anderson, pastor; membership, 46; 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 217 



Sabbath school superintendent, John Adams ; average attend- 
ance of Sabbath school, 25 , value of church property, $5,000. 

Class of United Brethren ; Rev. J. H. Anderson, pastor in 
charge ; membership, 50. This society meets at the school 
house in the south-western part of the township. 

Union Sabbath School; held at No. 9 school house; average 
attendance, 25 ; superintendent, George W. Smith. 

Presbyterian Church; situated at Bono; Rev. Thomas Griffith, 
pastor; value of church property, $2,000. 

Tennessee Valley Missionary Baptist Church; situated 4 miles 
northwest Summit Grove; Rev. Wm. McMasters, pastor; mem- 
bership, 13; value of church property, $2,000. 

Missionary Baptist Church; situated at Bono; Rev. William 
McMasters, pastor; membership, 49. 

Christian Church; situated at Highland; Elder Price in charge; 
membership, 30. 

There is a Union Sabbath School held here, with a fair attend- 
ance. 

SECRET SOCIETIES. 

Center Grange, No. 125 1, meets at Center Church, five miles 
west of Summit Grove ; membership, 54; Master, J. H. Wish- 
ard; Secretary, H. D. Crane; organized March 29, 1874. 

Helt Prairie Grange, No. 1250, meets at Salem Church, one 
mile north west of Summit Grove; membership, 37; Master, 
R. M. White ; Secretary, N. T. Laiton ; organized February, 

1874. 

Staats Grange, No. 1580, meets at No. 7 School House, five 
miles south east of Dana; membership, 24; Master, James Har- 



2lS VERMILLION COUNTY. 



rington ; Secretary, W. B. Wellman ; organized March 5th, 
1874. 

Toronto Grange, No. 1581 ; meets at Presbyterian Church at 
Bono ; membership, 29 ; Secretary, J. W. Andrews ; organized, 
March, 1874. 

Aye Grange, No. 1659, meets at No. 3 school house, 1 mile 
east of Dana; membership, 33; Master, Caleb Bailes; Secretary, 
Thos. A. Edmonston; organized March, 1874. 

Asbury Lodge, No. 320, F. and A. M., meets at Bono; 
membership, 30; William Hood, W. M.; W. M. Taylor, Sec- 
retary; organized 1861. 

The Township Trustee makes the following school report : 

No. school houses in Township, . . . 18 

Value of school property, . . . #11,000 

Whole number pupils enrolled, . . . 870 

Average attendance at school, . . . 789 

No. of teachers in Township, .... 25 

Average daily compensation of teachers, (male), . $2. 18 

Average daily compensation of teachers, (female), . 1.91 
Average length of school term, six months. 

Oscar B. Lowry, Township Trustee. 

DIRECTORY OF HELT TOWNSHIP. 

ANDREWS, GEORGE W.; farmer; % m w Saint Bernice P. 
O. Born in V. C. 1844. Rep. 

ANDREWS, ELI AS, Jr.; farmer; 2ms Saint Bernice P. O. 
Born in V. C. 1845. R- e P- 

ANDREWS, HENRY; silversmith; 2 m s w Saint Bernice P. 
O. Born in V. C. 1849. Rep. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 2IQ. 



ANDREWS, WILLIAM J.; farmer; ^ m n Saint Bernice P. 
O. Born in V. C. 1840. Rep. United Brethren. 

Amerman, Peter; farmer; i m e Saint Bernice P. O. Born in 
V. C. 1844. Rep. 

ANDERSON, J. H.; minister United Brethren Church; 2}4 m 
ne Saint Bernice. Born in Ind. 1837; settled in V. C. 1854. 
Rep. 

ALLEN, GEORGE W. ; farmer; ^ m s e Dana. Born in Ind. 
1824; settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 

Austin, F. W. ; notary; 3ms Dana. Born in Ind. 1824; set- 
tled in V. C. 1863. Rep. Methodist. 

Ambruse, Isaac; farmer; 4 m s e Dana. Born in Pa. 1839; se ^' 
tied in V. C. i860. Dem. Protestant. 

Amerman, John M.; farmer; 5^ m n w Clinton. Born in Ind. 
1832; settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. Methodist. 

Aye, F. S.; farmer; 4^ m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 1825; set- 
tled in V. C. 1839. Re P- Methodist. 

Aikman, Peter; farmer; y 2 m s Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 1847. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Anderson, John ; farmer. Born in Va. 1823; settled in V. C. 
1 86 1. Rep. Methodist. 

ANDREWS, HANNAH ; farmer ; 1 % m s Dana. Born in 
Mass. 1823; settled in V. C. 1839. Protestant. 



220 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



ANDREWS, SARAH E.; 3ms Dana. Born in 1820; settled 
in V. C. 1832. Dem. Christian. 

Andrews, John; farmer; 5 m e Dana. Born in Ohio 181 1; set- 
tled in V. C. 1823. Dem. Protestant. 

Andrews, William; farmer; 5 m e Dana. Born in V. C. 1846. 
Dem. United Brethren. 

Aye, Albert; farmer. 

AYE, H. H.; farmer; 5 m s w Dana. Born in V. C. 1846. 
Rep. Protestant. 

AYE, MRS. MAY; farmer; 4msw Dana. Born in Pa. 1804; 
settled in V. C. 1839. Re P- Methodist. 

Ayers, J. A.; farmer; 1^ m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 1843; 
settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. Protestant. 

ANDREWS, WILLIAM, Sr.; tanner and retired farmer; 2 m 
s w Saint Bernice P. O. Born in Ohio 1807; settled in V. 
C. 1822. Rep. United Brethren. 

ANDREWS, LORIN; student at commercial school, Terre 
Haute; residence Bono, P. O. Dana. Born in V. C. 1853. 
Dem. M. Baptist. 

ADAMS, JOHN; farmer; 2|mw Hillsdale. Born in England 
1826; settled in V. C. 1853. Dem. United Brethren. 

Aikman, Hugh; farmer; 3^ m e Dana. Born in V. C. 1852. 
Rep. Protestant. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 221 



Aikman, Edgar; farmer; 3 m s Dana. Born in V. C. 1855. 

Aikman, Samuel; farmer; 2 J m s Dana. Born in Ind. 18 14; 
settled in V. C. 1834. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Aikman, L. H.; farmer; 2]/ 2 m s Dana. Born in V. C. 1850. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Aikman, C. C. ; farmer; 2\ m s Dana. Born in V. C. 1854. 
Rep. Protestant. 



Brock, John; farmer; 3 m w Hillsdale. Born in Tenn. 1833 ; 
settled in V. C. 1871. Dem. United Brethren. 

Blakesley, O. R. ; farmer; 7 m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 1833. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Blakesley, John; farmer; 6 m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 1830. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Bush, G. W.; farmer; 3 m n w Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 1832; 
settled in V. C. 1838. Dem. Protestant. 

Barnett, James F., Sen.; farmer; 2|m e Dana. Born in Ky. 
181 5; settled in V. C. 1837. Rep. Protestant. 

Bell, E. B.; farmer; 2 m nw Dana. Born in Ky. 1835; settled 
in V. C. 1865, Rep. Missionary Baptist. 



222 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



BARNHART, JAMES; farmer; Dana. Born in V. C. 1844; 
Indept. Protestant. 

Bullington, Isaac N. ; farmer; 2 ms Illiana. Born in Ky. 1807; 
settled in V. C. 1835. Dem. Christian. 

Bilsland, John; farmer; 4 m s w Dana. Born in Ohio 1808; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. Protestant. 

BARNHART, HENRY; farmer; 3ms Dana. Born in V. C. 
1837. Dem. Methodist. 

Boren, John S. ; farmer; 5 m n w Summit Grove. Born in Tenn. 
1800; settled in V. C. 1830. Dem. Methodist. 

Bales, William ; farmer ; 1 m e Saint Bernice. Born in Va. 
1827; settled in V. C. 1 831. Rep. Methodist. 

Bailes, Robert; farmer; 1 m e Saint Bernice. Born in V. C. 
1834. Rep. Protestant. 



Brights, Wm.; farmer; 4J m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1845. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Beard, J. W.; farmer; 5^ m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 1823; 
settled in V. C. 1834. Rep. M. Baptist. 

BURSON, JAMES C; farmer; 3 m west of north of Clinton 
P. O. Born in Va. 1828; settled in V. C. 1835. Rep. 
M. Baptist. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 223 



Brock, George, farmer; 2 m e Dana P. O. Born in Ky. 1847; 
settled in V. C. 1863. Rep. 

BRICKER, MRS. RACHEL; widow of Solomon Bricker, M. 
D.; Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 1806; settled in V. C. 1848. 
Rep. Methodist. 

BANEBREAKE, LEVI ; general merchandize ; Hillsdale. 
Born in Ind. 1834; settled in V. C. 1871. Rep. United 
Brethren. 

BELL, R. S. ; blacksmith; Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 1835; set " 
tied in V. C. 1871. Rep. Christian. 

BALES, COBB; farmer and general stock raiser; 2 J m s e Dana. 
Born in V. C. 1836. Rep. Protestant. 

Bales, William F. ; farmer; 2^ m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 
1829. Dem. Protestant. 

Burnett, James, Jr.; farmer; Dana. Born in V. C. 1844. Prot- 
estant. 

Burnett, Elijah; farmer; Dana. Born in Ind. 1852; settled in 
V. C. 1865. Protestant. 

Bullington, P. C; farmer; ^ m n Saint Bernice P. O. Born in 
V. C. 1847. Rep. United Brethren. 

Bullington, L. A.; wagon maker; Saint Bernice. Born in V. C. 
1836. Rep. 

BOREN, WILLIAM H.; blacksmith; Clinton P. O. Born in 
Md. 1 841; settled in V. C. 1864. Rep. United Brethren. 



224 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Boren, John T., Sr. ; farmer; 5 m n w Summit Grove P. O. 
Born in Tenn. 1800; settled in V. C. 1830. Dem. Meth. 

Boren, J. T. , Jr.; farmer; 3^ m s e Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
183 1. Dem. United Brethren. 

BURNS, PORTER & CO.; MANUFACTURERS OF FIRE 
BRICK, TERRA COTTA, ETC.; HIGHLAND; P. O. 
HILLSDALE. 



Chunn, G. E.; farmer; jy£ mnwClinton. Born in V. C. 185 1. 
Rep. Protestant. 

COOK, EVERTS; farmer; 3 m w Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 1822; 
settled in V. C. 1861. Rep. 

Chambers, O.; farmer; Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 1833. 
Rep. United Brethren. 

Cook, Charles; druggist; St. Bernice. Born in Ind. 1841; set- 
tled in V. C. 1865. Dem. 

Corbridge, Thomas; boot and shoemaker; Saint Bernice. Born 
in Miss. 1826; settled in V. C. 1871. Dem. Catholic. 

Compton, J. H.; farmer; ^ m s w Hillsdale. 

Cruthis, N.; farmer; 1 % m w Hillsdale P. O. Born in N. C. 
181 1; settled in V. C. 1868. Dem. 

Church, Alanson; farmer; 2\ m w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 185 1. Rep. Methodist. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 225 



Crane, Stephen; farmer; 6 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1.844. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Craig, Charles; farmer; ij mnw Hillsdale. Born in V.C. 1833. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Canley, E. P.; farmer; 2 x / 2 m s w Dana. Born in V. C. 1841. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Canley, William W.; farmer; 3 m n w Summit Grove. Born in 
V. C. 1836. Rep. Methodist. 

Canley, M. A.; farmer; 3 m n w Summit Grove. Born in V.C. 
1822. Rep. Methodist. 

Canley, S. N.; farmer; 3 m n w Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 
1852. Rep. Protestant. 

CANLEY, JAMES; farmer; 4 m n w Summit Grove. Born in 
Ohio 18 17; settled in V. C. 1822. Rep. Methodist. 

Carter, Abraham; farmer; 3 m w Summit Grove. Born in Ind. 
1814; settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. Protestant. 

Castle, Daniel; farmer; 5 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1837. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Campbell, G. W.; farmer; 5 m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 1833; 
settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. Methodist. 

Canher, F. E.; farmer; 7^ m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1848. Rep. Methodist. 

15 



226 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



CRANE, ERASTUS; farmer; ijmne St. Bernice. Born in 
Vt 1804; settled in V. C. 1839. Dem - Methodist. 

CRANE, H. D.; Farmer; 4 J m n w Clinton. Born in Vt. 
1827; settled in V. C. 1844. Rep. Methodist. 

Cole, Francis; carpenter; 3 m s w Montezuma. Born in Ohio 
1852; settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. Protestant. 

Cole, Susan; farmer; 3 m s w Montezuma. Born in N. V. 1S22; 
settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. Methodist. 

Casebeer, David; farmer; i m s Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 1794; 
settled in V. C. 1847. Dem. Methodist. 

CASEBEER, J. W.; farmer and proprietor of saw mill; l / 2 m s 
Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 183 1; settled in V. C. 1848. Dem. 
Methodist. 

Church, Josiah; farmer; 2\ m w Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 
1823. Rep. Protestant. 

Church, Richard; farmer; 2\ m w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1850. Rep. Methodist. 



DUGGER, THOMAS A-; wagonmaker; 2\ m w Hillsdale. 
Born in Tenn. 1840; settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. Mis- 
sionary Baptist. Mr. Dugger has the reputation in this 
township of being the best workman in the county. 

Davis, Anderson; farmer; z\ m w Hillsdale. Born in N. C. 
1823; settled in V. C. 1844. Rep. Protestant. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 227 



Davis, Robert; farmer; I m n Summit Grove. Born in Va. 
iSio; settled in V. C. 1S55. Rep. Methodist. 

Davis, S. C; farmer; if m n w Summit Grove. Born in Ind. 
1853; settled in V. C. 1855. Rep. Methodist. 

Dugger, B. S. ; farmer; 4 m n w Summit Grove. Born in Tenn. 
18 16; settled in V. C. 1864. Rep. M. Baptist. 

Dugger, Thomas; farmer; 6 m s e Dana. Born in Tenn. 1797; 
settled in V. C. 1861. Rep. M. Baptist. 

Dugger, J. H.; farmer; S l A rn e Dana. Born in Tenn. 1827; 
settled in V. C. 1861. Rep. Protestant. 

Dugger, J. A.; farmer; 4 m n w Summit Grove. Born in Tenn. 
1847; settled in V. C. 1864. Rep. M. Baptist. 

Dewby, Willard ; farmer; 7 m n Clinton. Born in Va. 1824; 
settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. Protestant. 

Dugger, J. F.; farmer; 4 m n w Summit Grove. Born in Tenn. 
1846; settled in V. C. 1867. Rep. M. Baptist. 

DAVIS, NATHANIEL W.; farmer; 2\ m nw Hillsdale. 
Born in V. C. 1850. Dem. Protestant. 

Davis, C. B.; blacksmith; l / z m n Dana. Born in Ohio 1835 I 
settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. Protestant. 

Dickens, R. B.; farmer; if m s Dana. Born in V. C. 1842. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Derthick, O. B.; carriage and wagon maker; 1^ m s Dana. 
Born in N. Y. 1S01; settled in V. C. 1863. 



228 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Derby, W.; salesman; 3 m s Dana. Born in Ohio 1836 ; set- 
tled in V. C. 1849. Rep. Methodist. 

Davis, S.; farmer; 3 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1855. Rep. 
Methodist. 

Depue, Alfred; farmer; 5 m s w Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
1841. 



Eaton, H. C; physician; Bono, 3ms Dana. Born in Illinois 
1824; settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 

Engram, Washington; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in Ky. 
1 8 12; settled in V. C. 1827. Dem. Christian. 

Edwards, Wesby; wagonmaker; J m n Dana. Born in Ohio 
1833; settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. Protestant. 

EDMANSTAN, THOMAS A.; farmer; 1 m from Dana. Born 
in Ind. 1828; settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. Methodist. 

ELDER, JAMES A.; farmer; 3 m s w Dana. Born in Ohio 
1822; settled in V. C. 1833. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Eaton, Charles G.; farmer; 1 m n Saint Bernice P. O. Born in 
111. 1829; settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. U. Brethren. 



Fox, John; farmer; 6|me Dana. Born in Ohio 1821; settled 
in V. C. 1842. Dem. Protestant. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 229 



Foncannan, Columbus ; farmer ; I m e Saint Bernice. Born in 
V. C. 1843. Dem. Protestant. 

Foncannan, Mary C; farmer; I m e Saint Bernice. Born in 
Va. 1815; settled in V. C. 1833. Dem. M. Baptist. 

Foncannan, J. M.; carpenter; I m e Saint Bernice. Born in V. 
C. 1848. Dem. United Brethren. 

FINNELL, JAMES R.; farmer; 6 m n w Clinton. Born in 
Ky. 1822; settled in V. C. 1833. Rep. Methodist. 

French, William; proprietor grocery; Hillsdale. Born in V.C. 
1836. Dem. Christian. 

Ford, W. F.; farmer; 1 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1840. Rep. 
Protestant. 

Flemming, Samuel; farmer; 3 m w Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 
1828; settled in V. C. 1863. Rep. Presbyterian. 

FORD, JOHN ; farmer and grazier; 2\ m n Summit Grove. 
Born in Ohio 1809; settled in V. C. 18 18. Rep. Meth. 

FORD, EDWIN; farmer and grazier; 2^ m n Summit Grove. 
Born in V. C. 1854. Rep. Methodist. 

FORD, ALBERT; farmer and grazier; 2^ m n Summit Grove. 
Born in V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 

Foos, Valentine; farmer; 3 m n Clinton. Bern in 183 1; settled 
in V. C. 1837. Dem - Protestant. 

Frist, J. R.; farmer; 6 m n w Clinton. Born in Del. 1826; set- 
tled in V. C. 186 1. Dem. Regular Baptist. 



23O VERMILLION COUNT\. 



Foncannan, Orval ; carpenter; 3} m n w Clinton. Born in V. 
C. 1850. Dem. Protestant. 

French, Phelix; farmer; if m n w Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1829. Dem. Protestant. 

Finney, D. \V ; farmer and grain dealer; i|mne Dana. Born 
in Ind. 1837; settled in V. C. 1864. Rep. Protestant. 

Fisher, J. S.; farmer; Bono; 3ms Dana. Born in Ky. 1808; 
settled in V. C. 1833. Christian. 

FONCANNAN, J. C; farmer and grazier; 5J m s e Dana. 
Born in Ohio 1829; settled in V. C. 1852. Dem. Prot. 

French, William; groceries; Hillsdale P. O. Born in V. C. 
1836. Dem. 

Flynn, John; farmer; i 1 /^ m w Hillsdale. Born in Ireland 1822; 
settled in V. C. 185 1. Rep. Catholic. 

Flynn, Patrick; farmer; Hillsdale. Born in N. Y. 1850; settled 
in V. C. 185 1. Rep. Catholic. 

Foncannan, John; farmer; 1*^ m e Saint Bernice. Born in Pa. 
18 1 5; settled in V. C. 1842. Dem. Protestant. 

Foncannan, Mark; farmer; ^ m e Saint Bernice. Born in V. 
C. 1 848. Dem. Protestant. 

FONCANNAN, TILGHMAN; brick mason and plasterer; 
y^ m s e Saint Bernice. Born in Pa. 1812; settled in V. 
C. 1842. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 23 I 



Foncannan, G. W.; farmer; 1^ m s e Saint Bernice. Born in 
V. C. 1842. Dem. Protestant. 



Graves, Thomas J.; farmer; i^ mse Dana. Born in V. C. 
1846. Rep. Protestant. 

Goodwin. T. L.; farmer; 3 m e Dana. Born in Tenn. 1837; 
settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. Protestant. 

Gallagher, Augustus ; farmer; 3 m w Summit Grove. 

Grimes, John; farmer; 5 m s w Dana P. O. Born in Ohio 1846; 
settled in V. C. i860. Dem. 

Garrish, Edward; farmer; 3^ m n Saint Bernice P. O. Born 
in V. C. 1853. 

Garrett, R.; farmer; i m w Saint Bernice P. O. Born in Ind. 
1847; settled in V. C. 1863. Rep. 



HOPKINS, H. C.; general merchant ; Hillsdale. Born in V. 
C. 1852. Rep. Protestant. 

HARRISON, JOHN C.; physician and surgeon; Hillsdale. 
Born in Ind. 1834; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Prot. 

Hood, Charles D.; farmer; 3^ m s e Dana. Born in Tenn. 
j. "14; settled in V. C. 1822. Dem. Protestant. 

Hood, Soloman; farmer; 3^ mse Dana. Born in V. C. 1849. 
Dem. Protestant. 



232 VERMILLION COUNTY. 

Hammond, William; farmer; 3^ m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 
1843. Indpt. Protestant. 

Hood, S. S.; farmer; i£ m s e Dana. Born in Tenn. 181 5; set- 
tled in V. C. 1820. Rep. Protestant. 

Hollingsworth, Milvcn; farmer; 4 m n w Hillsdale. Born in V. 
C. 1846. Rep. Protestant. 

Harvey, Henry; farmer; 3^ m n w Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 
1849; settled in V. C. 1870. Protestant. 

Hopens, John; farmer; 4 m n w Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 181 1; 
settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. Protestant. 

Hood, W. B.; farmer; 2^ m e Dana. Born in V. C. 1840. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Hooker, John E. ; farmer; Dana. Born in Pa. 1831; settled in 
V. C. 1854. Rep. Protestant. 

Harper, Benjamin, Jr.; farmer; 5 m s w Dana. Born in V. C. 
1839. Dem. Protestant. 

HELT, THOMAS; farmer; \% m s w Summit Grove. Born 
in V. C. 1825. Rep. Methodist. 

Heber, Joseph; farmer; 2/2 m w Summit Grove. Born in 
Wertemburg, Germany, 1820; settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. 
R. Catholic. 

Helt, C. B.; farmer; 5 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1821. 
Rep. Protestant. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 233 



Helt, F. M.; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1832. 
Rep. Methodist. 

HUNTER, J. T.; school teacher; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in 
Ind. 1848; settled in V. C. 1871. Rep. Protestant. 

Hollingsworth, Joel ; farmer; 4 m n w Dana. Born in S. C. in 
1 801; settled in V. C. 1828. Rep. Protestant. 

Highfill, Smith ; farmer ; 2| m s e St. Bernice. Born in Ky. 
1 8 10. Dem. Protestant. 

Highfill, Robert; farmer; 2|mse St. Bernice. Bom in V. C. 
1848. Dem. Protestant. 

Houglant, W. H.; farmer; 2ms Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1853. Rep. Methodist. 

Hougland, Samuel; farmer; 2 m s w Summit Grove. Born in 
V. C. 1829. Rep. Methodist. 

HELT, HIRAM; farmer; i| m s w Summit Grove. Born in 
V. C. 1829. Rep. Methodist. 

Harnersly, Charles; farmer; i| m s w Summit Grove. Born in 
V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 

Hays, W. A. ; farmer and stock trader; 6 m s e Dana. Born in 
Ky. 1835; settled in V. C. 1853. Rep. Protestant. 

Higbie, Wm.; farmer; 5 m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 18 14; set- 
tled in V. C. 1832. Rep. United Brethren. 

Hays, J. F.; farmer; 5ms Dana. Born in Md. 1852; settled 
in V. C. 1853. Rep. United Brethren. 



234 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



» 



Hays, J. M., farmer; 5ms Dana. Born in Ind. 1842; settled 
in V. C. 1853. Rep. Methodist. 

Hollingsworth, Geo.; carpenter; Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 1827; 
settled in V. C. 1829. Rep. Friend. 

Howard, H. J.; farmer; 5 J m e Dana. Born in V. C. 1839. 
Rep. Missionary Baptist. 

Harper, William; farmer; 3! m w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1822. Dem. United Brethren. 

Howard, J. L. ; farmer; 6 m s e Dana. Born in Tenn. 1806. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Howard, Jesse; farmer; 6 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1850. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Helt, E. B.; farmer; 6 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1831. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Huey, Thomas R.; farmer; 5 m n Clinton. Born in Ind. 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Indpt. Protestant. 

Henry, D. W.; school teacher; 7^ m n w Clinton. Born in 
Ohio 1852; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Christian. 

Haskell, M. M.; farmer; 4 m w Dana. Born in Vt. in 1839. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Haskell, W. H.; school teacher; 4 m s w Dana. Born in V. C. 
185 1. Rep. Protestant. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 235 



Haskell, J. A.; farmer; 4 m s w Dana. Born in V. C. 1853. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Hise, Aaron A.; carpenter and joiner; 3ms Dana. Born in 
Ind. 1838; settled in V. C. 1843. Rep. Methodist. 

HUTCHINSON, T. J.; boot and shoemaker; Bono; 3ms 
Dana. Born in Ohio 1841 ; settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. 
Methodist. 

Hutchinson & Nichols; boot and shoemakers; Bono. 

Howard, J. T.; farmer; 2^ m w Hillsdale. Born in V.C. 1845. 
Rep. United Brethren. 

Hines, G. W. ; farmer; 23^ m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1844. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Harbison, Joseph; farmer; 1 3^ m n Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1834. Rep. Methodist. 

Helt, Henry; farmer; 1 m w Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 1836. 
Rep. Protestant. 

HARRINGTON, JAMES; farmer; 5 m n w Summit Grove. 
Born in V. C. 1844. Rep. Methodist. 

Honchin, J.; farmer; 3 m s w Hillsdale. Born in 1825; settled 
in V. C. 1850. Dem. Protestant. 

Honchin, John S.; proprietor saw mill; 23^ m s w Hillsdale. 
Born in 111. 1848; settled in V. C. 1848. Dem. Methodist. 

Harper, Anderson; farmer; 3 m n w Summit Grove. Born in 
V. C. 1844. Dem. Protestant. 



236 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Harper, Benjamin; farmer; 3 m n vv Summit Grove. Born in 
Va. 1796; settled in V. C. 18 17. Dem. Protestant. 

Hale, Benjamin; farmer; ii- m n w Summit Grove. Born in 
Ind. 1846; settled in V. C. *868. Rep. Protestant. 

Harper, J. M.; farmer; i}( m n w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1844. Rep. Aiethodist. 

HARRINGTON, STEPHEN H.; farmer; ij m w Summit 
Grove. Born in Ohio 18 14; settled in V. C. 182 1. Rep. 
Aiethodist. 

HARRINGTON, VV. R.; student of normal school, Terre 
Haute; ij m w Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 1852. 
Rep. Methodist. 

HELT, DANIEL; farmer; 1 ^ m w Summit Grove. Born in 
Pa. 1 791; settled in V. C. 18 18. Rep. Methodist. 

Hunter, G. W.; farmer and stock dealer; 5I m s w Dana P. O. 
Born in V. C. 1836. 

Harris, Morgan; farmer; 1^ m n w St. Bernice P. O. Born in 
Va. 1800; settled in V. C. i860. Dem. Meth. 

Highfill, J. P.; farmer; St. Bernice P. O. Born in V. C. 1839. 
United Brethren. 

Hull, J. T.; farmer; ^ m n e St. Bernice P. O. Born in Conn. 
1804; settled in V. C. 1843. 

Hinkley, Julia; school teacher; 3ms w Dana P. O. Born in 
Maine 1828; settled in V. C. 1856. Christian. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 237 



Ingram, Wakefield; farmer; 2^ m s w Hillsdale. Born in Ky. 
1820; settled in V. C. 1853. Dem. United Brethren. 

Ingle, James; farmer; 1 m s Summit Grove. Born in Illinois 
1843; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Protestant. 

Ingle, William B.; farmer; £ m w Saint Bernice P. O. Born in 
Illinois 1847; settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. 



Jones, Benjamin; farmer; Saint Bernice. Born in 111. 1849; 
settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. United Brethren. 

Jones, Eri; farmer; Saint Bernice. Born in 111. 1853; settled in 
V. C. 1872. Rep. United Brethren. 

Jones, Wiley; farmer; J m s Saint Bernice P. O. Born in N.C. 
1824; settled in V. C. 1831. 

Jones, John N.; farmer; |ms Saint Bernice P. O. Born in V. 
C. 1848. Dem. 

Jones, G. H.; farmer; 1 m n Hillsdale P. O. Born in V. C. 
1840. Dem. 

JAMES, E. WHITE; farmer; ifmnw Summit Grove P. O. 
Born in V. C. 1848. Rep.- Methodist. 

JAMES, E. WRIGHT; farmer; i£ m n w Summit Grove P.O. 
Born in V. C. 1848. Rep. Methodist. 

Jenks, John; farmer; 33^ m s Dana P. O. Born in Vt. 1803; 
settled in V. C. 1835. 



238 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Jenks, Henry; farmer; 32 m s Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 1843. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Jones, Willice; blacksmith; 5 m s w Dana P. O. Born in Ohio 
1X27; settled in V. C. 1862. 

Jones, Harmon; farmer; j{ m w St. Bernice P. O. Born in V. 
C. 1847. Dem. United Brethren. 

Jones, Matthew ; farmer ; 3 m n w St. Bernice P. O. Born in 
N. C. 1818; settled in V. C. 1831. Dem. United Breth. 

Jones, William ; postmaster, and boot and shoemaker; St. Ber- 
nice. Born in Ind. 1829; settled in V. C. 1831. Dem. 
United Brethren. 

J ON ES, THOMAS; boot and shoemaker ; St. Bernice. Born 
in N. C. 1820; settled in V. C. 183 1. Rep. Missionary 
Baptist. 

Johnson, S.; farmer; 4^ m s Newport. Born in V. C. 1835. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Johnson, John R.; stone mason; 2ms Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 
1833; settled in V. C. 1834. Rep. Protestant. 

Jackson, Joseph; farmer; 2|mne Dana. Born in V. C. 1835. 
Dem. Protestant. 

James, Dulin; farmer; 3 m n w Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 
1845. Rep. Methodist. 

Johnson, Frank; firm of Johnson & Bro.; restaurant and groce- 
ries; Hillsdale. Born in N. Y. 1852. Rep. Protestant. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 239 



Johnson, Orlo; firm of Johnson & Bro.; restaurant and groce- 
ries; Hillsdale. Born in N. Y. 1850; settled in V. C. i860. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Johnson, W. W.; telegraph operator; Highland. Born in Ind. 
1857; settled in V. C. 1874. Rep. Protestant. 

James, Joseph; farmer; ij m s w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1829. Rep. Methodist. 

JAMES, MORRIS; farmer; 2§ m s w Hillsdale. Born in V. 
C. 1850. Rep. Methodist. 

Jackson, J. C; farmer; 3 m s w Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 1844. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Jackson, William; farmer; 2 m s w Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
185 1. Rep. Protestant. 

James, John; farmer; \\ m n w Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 
1838. Rep. Protestant. 

James, E. D.; farmer; i| m s w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1828. Rep. Methodist. 

James, H. C; school teacher; i£ m s Summit Grove. Born in 
V. C. 1848. Rep. Methodist. 

Jones, Joseph; farmer; 1 y 2 m n w Hillsdale. Born in Ky. 1810; 
settled in V. C. 183 1. Dem. Christian. 

Johnson, William; farmer; 2^ m w Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1837. Dem. Protestant. 



24O VERMILLION COUNTY. 



JEXKS, STEPHEN; farmer; 3ms Dana. Born in Ind. 1829; 
settled in V. C. 1848. Rep. Methodist. 

JACKSON, ANDREW; farmer; I m w Hillsdale. Born in 
Ohio 1823; settled in V. C. 1835. Rep. Protestant. 

JENKS, TILLY; farmer; 3ms Dana. Born in Vt. 1800; set- 
tled in V. C. 1848. Rep. Methodist. 

Jordan, S. W.; farmer; 2^ m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1838. 
Rep. Methodist. 

JORDAN, ISAAC ; farmer and stock trader ; 2 m s e Dana. 
Bom in V. C. 1844. Rep. 

James, S. R.; farmer; 3 m s w Montezuma. Born in V. C. 
1826. Rep. Methodist. 

James, W. A.; farmer; 1 m s Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 1831. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Janes, George H.; farmer; i$ m n w Hillsdale P. O. Born in 
V. C. 1840. Dem. 

Jordan, Henry; farmer; 4 m s e Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
1836. Rep. 

James, S. S.; farmer; 6 l / 2 m s e Daua P. O. Born in V. C. 
"1833. Rep. Methodist. 

Johnson, William H.; telegraph operator; Hillsdale P. O. Born 
in Ind. 1857; settled in V. C. 1874. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 24 1 



KEYLS, O. M.; physician; 3 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1853. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Knight, Elijah; farmer; 5 m e Dana. Born in Ind. 1854; set- 
tled in V. C. 1868. Dem. Protestant. 

Kearns, William ; farmer; 2^ msw Hillsdale. Born in Ky. 
1806; settled in V. C. 1826. Rep. Methodist. 

KEARNS, JOHN ; farmer; 2|msw Hillsdale. Born in V.C. 
1832. Rep. Methodist. 

KEYES, C. F.; physician and surgeon; 3 m s e Dana. Born in 
Ind. 1822; settled in V. C. 1826. Rep. Protestant. 

Kelley, Thomas ; farmer ; ij^ mnw Saint Bernice. Born in 
Ohio 18 14; settled in V. C. 1861. Rep. Protestant. 

Kaufman, Samuel ; farmer; 3 m w Hillsdale P. O. Born in V. 
C. 1844. Dem. 

Kerr, S. P.; farmer; 3 m n Clinton P. O. Born in Ind. 1823 ; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 

KEARNS, A. H.; farmer; 2\ m s w Hillsdale P. O. Born in 
V. C. 1854. Rep. Methodist. 

Knotts, A. H.; farmer; 2]/ 2 m n w Hillsdale P. O. Born in 
Ind. 1836; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Methodist 

Kerns, W. F.; farmer; Bono P. O.; 3 m s Dana. Born in V. 
C. 1839. Re P- Methodist. 
16 



242 VKRMILLION COUNTY. 



KAUFMAN. S. E.; FARMER AND GRAIN AND HAY 
MERCHANT; % m n e Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 1849. 
Democrat. 

Kooncc, W. H.; farmer; 4 m s e Dana P. O. Born in Va. 
1842; settled in V. C. 1874. Independent. 



Lowe, Charles; blacksmith; 3 m e Dana. Born in Ohio 1843; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. Protestant. 

LOWRY, OSCAR B.; farmer; % m s Dana. Born in Ohio 
1830; settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. Methodist. 

Leatherman, Lafayette; farmer; 2^ m n Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 
1849. Dem. Christian. 

Long, Henry; blacksmith; Summit Grove. Born in Ind. 18 18; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. Methodist. 

Leatherman, Abraham; farmer; Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 18 12; 
settled in V. C. 18 19. Dem. Christian. 

Langston, Mrs. Catharine; farmer; 1 m n e Dana. Born in Ohio 
1 8 16; settled in V. C. 1824. Rep. Methodist. 

Langston, J. F.; farmer; i|ms w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1849. Rep. Protestant. 

Lake, Israel; fanner; 4^ m s.e Dana. Born in V. C. 1837. 
Rep. United Brethren. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 243 



\ 



Lewis, James; farmer; 4 m n w Summit Grove. Born in Tenn. 
1835; settled in V. C. 1867. Rep. M. Baptist. 

Leatherman, Israel; carpenter; Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 18 19; 
settled in V. C. 1829. Dem. Christian. 

Lynn, Joseph; farmer; St. Bernicc. Born in Va. 1827; settled 
in V. C. i860. Dem. R. Baptist. 

Langston, Oliver; farmer; 1 m n Dana P. O. Born in Ind. 
1825. Rep. 



Martin, G. W.; farmer; 5 J m s w Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
1838. Rep. United Brethren. 

Miller, Bloomer; farmer; 3J m n w St. Bernice P. O. Born in 
V. C. 185 1. Rep. United Brethren. 

Miller, Jacob; farmer; 2^ m n w St. 1 : ce P. O. Born in 
Ky. 1818; settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. Methodist. 

Miller, Daniel; farmer and stock trader; 2 m n w St. Bernice P. 
O. Born in V. C. 1846. Rep. Methodist. 

Miller, Sylvester; farmer; i|mn w St. Bernice P. O. Born in 

V. C. 1849. Rep- 
Murphy, Alexander; farmer; 1 m w St. Bernice P. O. Born in 

Nova Scotia 1837 ; settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. United 

Brethren. 

Mays, James; farmer; St. Bernice. Born in Ohio 1834; settled 
in V. C. 1868. Rep. Christian. 



244 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



rcer, R. P.; school teacher; 2ms Hillsdale P. O. Born in 
Ohio 1844; settled in V. C. 1S73. Rep. Methodist. 

Miller, Samuel; farmer; 4$- m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1842. 
m. Protestant. 

Miller, Man- E.; farmer; 35^ m s w Clinton. Born in N. C. 
1 8 16; settled in V. C. 183 1. Dem. Protestant. 

Myers, Samuel; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1840. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Myers, Henry; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1838. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Millikin, Stephen; farmer; 1 m n w Dana. Born in Pa. 1803; 
settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. Protestant. 

McFERRIN, WILLIAM ; blacksmith; y 2 m n Dana. Born in 
Ind. 1853; settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. Protestant. 

McRoberts, A. G.; gunsmith; 3 m s w Dana. Born in Ky. 
1 8 16; settled in V. C. 1863. Dem. Christian. 

Malone, W. L.; farmer; 4J m s w Dina. Born in Ohio 1S05; 
settled in V. C. 1824. Rep. Protestant. 

Mitchell, James; farmer; Hillsdale. Born in Tnd. 1852; settled 
in V. C. 1866. Rep. Protestant. 

Malone, Tilman; f. rmer; 3 m s e Dana. Born in 1854. Indp. 
Protestant. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 245 



Malone, Huran ; farmer; 3 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1856. 
Indept. Protestant. 

Malone, John; farmer; 2mse Dana. Born in V. C. 1856. 
Indept. Protestant. 

Mast, John A.; farmer;' 3 m e Dana. Born in Germany 18 18; 
settled in V. C. 1862. Rep. United Brethren. 

McCarty, B. ; farmer ; iJ-mse Dana. Born in Ireland 1 841 ; 
settled in V. C. 1855. Rep. Catholic. 

MACK, ERASTUS ; physician and surgeon ; 2 m s Hillsdale. 
Born in V. C. 1827. Rep. Methodist. 

Mack, Spencer ; farmer and blacksmith ; 1 y 2 m n w Summit 
Grove. Born in Mass. 1818; settled in V. C. 1838. Rep. 
Methodist. 

Marvin, John ; farmer ; 2\ m n Summit Grove. Born in Penn. 
1850; settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. Protestant. 

Monroe, Osborn ; blacksmith ; 1 y>, m n Summit Grove. Born in 
Ind. 1842; settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. Methodist. 

Middlebrook, John ; farmer, and proprietor brick manufactory; 
Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 1829; settled in V. C. 1852. 
Dem. Protestant. 

McDonell, Robert ; farmer ; 2 m n e St. Bernice. Born in Ky. 
1820; settled in V. C. 1834. R°P- Christian. 

McCOWN, SQUIRE; farmer; 6 m n w Clinton. Born in 111. 
1853; settled in V. C. 1868. Dem. Methodist. 



246 VERMILLION COUN1 V. 



Miller, Samuel; farmer; 5 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1844. 
Dem. Protestant. 

McLaughlin, S. F.; dealer in drugs, paints, oils, dye-stuff and 
family groceries; Highland. Born in Ind. 1840; settled in 
V. C. 1873. Dem. Protestant. 

Miller, Albert ; farmer; ^ m n Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 
1848. Rep. Methodist. 

MACK, CEPHUS; carpenter and joiner; Summit Grove. 
Born in Mass. 1815; settled in V. C. 1836. Rep. Prot. 

Mack, MillisC; farmer; Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 1851. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Mitchell, Henry ; blacksmith ; 2 m n w Summit Grove. Born 
in N. Y. 1809; settled in V. C. 1838. Rep. Protestant. 

McLaughlin, James; farmer; 2 m s e Montezuma. Born in Pa. 
1810; settled in V. C. 1869. Rep. Lutheran. 

Marvin, John, farmer; 3 m n Summit Grove. Born in Pa. 

Mack, Warham; retired farmer; Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 1801; 
settled in V. C. 1821. Rep. United Brethren. 

Middlebrook, J. W.; coal miner; Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 
1845; settled in V. C. 1868. Dem. Prot. 

Morgan, J. M.; farmer; 4 m s w Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 1844; 
settled in V. C. 1 873. Rep. Protestant. 

Malam, William; farmer; 4^ m s w Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1843. Dem. Protestant. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 247 



McDONELL, J. D.; farmer; 5 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 
1836. Indpt. United Brethren. 

Mack, A. L.; farmer; 2 m n w Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 
1844. Rep. Methodist. 

Mallory, R. C; farmer; 3 | m n w Clinton. Born in Ind. 1833; 
settled in V. C. 1857. R ep. Methodist. 

Miller, David; farmer; $*4 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 

1843. Dem. Protestant. 

MALONE, RICHARD; farmer; 3 m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 
1 8 16; settled in V. C. 1827. Indpt. Protestant. 

MALONE, SAMUEL G. ; farmer; 4 m s w Dana. Born in V. C. 

1844. Rep. Protestant. 

Mack, N. B.; school teacher; Bono; 3ms Dana. Born in V. 
C. 1832. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Martin, Marion; farmer; 3^ m s Dana. Born in Illinois 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1853. Rep. Protestant. 

Miles, Benjamin; farmer; 5 m s e Dana. Born in Ky. 18 13; 
settled in V. C. 1833. Rep. Methodist. 

Montgomery, Everlin, firm of Montgomery & Masten; manu- 
facturers of fire brick; Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 1821; set- 
tled in V. C. 1872. Rep. Congregationalist. 

MERIWETHER, J. P.; farmer; ij m n w Dana. Born in V. 
C. 1844. Dem. Protestant. 



248 ' VERMILLION COUNTY. 



MERIWETHER, JOSIAH H.; farmer; Hillsdale. Born in V. 
C. 1838. Dem. Protestant. 



Nolan, Lucinda; farmer; Summit Grove. Born in Ky. 18 13; 
settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 

Norris, Lewis; farmer; 2^ m n e Dana. Born in V. C. 1838. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Norris, Robert; farmer; 2]/ 2 m n e Dana. Born in S. C. 1796; 
settled in V. C. 1830. Dem. Protestant. 

Nelson, R. S. ; farmer; i|m n e Dana. Born in V. C. 1842. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Nelson, Wm.; farmer; \ m n Dana. Born in V. C. 1846. Dem. 
Protestant. 

NICHOLS, ALBERT; boot and shoemaker; Bono; 3ms Dana. 
Born in Ky. 1851; settled in V. C. 1874. Dem. Prot. 

Newton, J. T. ; farmej ; 4^ m s Dana P. 0. Born in V. C. 
1848. Dem. . 



OSBORN, JAMES; farmer; 2 m w Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1838. Dem. Protestant. 

Owens, James; farmer; i|mn Summit Grove. 
Osborn, J. H.; farmer; 1 m s e St. Bernice. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 249 



OSBORN, HENRY; grain dealer ; Highland P. O.; Hillsdale. 
Born in V. C. 1836. 



Pierce, Jacob; farmer; 3 m n \v Summit Grove. Born in Ind. 
1842; settled in V. C. 1869. Dem. Protestant. 

Porter, J. R.; farmer; 2 m n e Dana. Born in Mass. 1824; set- 
tled in V. C. 1837. Rep. Protestant. 

Peer, John; farmer; 2 m w Dana. Born in Va. 1803; settled 
in V. C. 1823. 

Peer, David; farmer; 2 m w Dana. Born in V. C. 185 1. Dem. 
Protestant. 

Peer, Robert; farmer; \ m s Illiana. Born in V. C. 1849. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Peer, John ; farmer; 2^ msw Dana. Born in V. C. 1834. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Powers, J. L. ; retired physician; 3 m w Dana. Born in Va. 
1803; settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. Christian. 

Pearman, Benjamin; farmer; 2 m s e Dana. Born in Ky. 1823; 
settled in V. C. 1823. Rep. United Brethren. 

PUFFER, REUBEN; farmer; 4 m s Dana P. O. Born in 
Mass. 1826; settled in V. C. 1839. Dem. M. Baptist. 

PUFFER, MORGAN; farmer; 4 m s Dana P. O. Born in V. 
C. 1846. Dem. M. Baptist. 



25O VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Pauley, Walter; farmer; l| m n w St. Bernice P. O. Born in 
Ind. 1834; settled in V. C. 1844. 

Payton, James M.; farmer; 1 m n St. Bernice P. O. Born in 
Ky. 1800; settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. U. Brethren. 

Price, William M.; farmer; li m n St. Bernice. Born in Md. 
1811; settled in V. C. 1838. Dem. 

Price, William H.; farmer; ij m n St. Bernice. Born in V. C. 
1849. Dem. 

Ponton, S.; retired farmer; i|msw Montezuma. Born in Va. 
1787; settled in V. C. 1835. Methodist. 

PEARMAN, JOHN; carpenter and joiner; Hillsdale. Born in 
Ky. 1818; settled in V. C. 1829. Dem. Christian. 

Parman, Samuel; carpenter; Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 1849. 
Dem. Christian. 

Parman, Adam; carpenter and joiner; Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1854. Dem. Christian. 

Pearman, W. R. ; farmer; 7 m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 1849. 
Indpt. Protestant. 

Pearman, Cebert; farmer; 6 m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 1847. 
Rep. United Brethren. 

Pearman, L. D.; farmer; 2 m n w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1848. Rep. United Brethren. 

Prichard, Elias; general merchant; Bono; 3 m s Dana. Born in 
V. C. 1838. Rep. Methodist. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 25 I 



Peet, J. L. ; merchant; Toronto; if ms Dana. Born in V. C. 
1840. Dem. Protestant. 

Potter, Lewis; farmer; 2^ m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 1834; 
settled in V. C 1861. Rep. U. Brethren. 

Pyle, Samuel; farmer; 3! m s w Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 1824; 
settled in V. C. 1826. Dem. Protestant. 

Pearman, William; farmer; ^ m s Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1835. Rep. United Brethren. 

Pluffs, M. C, firm of Pluffs & Van Bantin; general merchandise; 
Summit Grove. Born in Ky. 1835; settled in V. C. 1874. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Panton, J. S.; farmer; \y 2 m s w Montezuma. Born in Ohio 
1831; settled in V. C. 1835. Rep. Methodist. 

Payton, Marion; farmer; 6 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1837. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Payton, John S.; farmer; 5 m n w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1846. Rep. Protestant. 

Payton, A. M.; farmer; 3 m n e Saint Bernice. Born in Ky. 
1823; settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. United Brethren. 

Pearman, S. D. ; farmer; 1^ m s w Dana P. O. Born in Ky. 
1825; settled in V. C. 1828. Rep. United Brethren. 

Pearman, David; farmer; 5 £ m s e Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
1843. Rep. United Brethren. 



252 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Payton, James; farmer; 5^mse Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
1835. Rep. 



Russell, David; farmer; 2| m e Dana. Born in V. C. 1830. 
Dem. Protestant. 

ROGERS, JOHN; farmer; 2% m n e Dana. Born in V. C. 
1827. Rep. Methodist. 

Redman, J.W.; farmer; i]4 m n w Dana. Born in V. C. 1855. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Roshstan, H. \V.; farmer; 3! m s w Dana. Born in Ohio 18 16; 
settled in V. C. 1833. R- e P- Presbyterian. 

Ritchey, Stephen; farmer; 4 m s \v Dana. Born in Ind. 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1867. Dem. Protestant. 

RHODES, WILLIAM ; clerk; i| m s Dana. Born in V. C. 
185 1. Dem. Protestant. 

Richards, John; farmer and saw milling; firm of Koonce & Rich- 
ards; ^mse Dana. Born in Ind. 1839; settled in V. C. 
1856. Dem. Protestant. 

Russell, Richard R. ; farmer; i l / 2 m n Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1839. Dem. Protestant. 

Randall, W. C; farmer; 3 m n w Hillsdale. Born in Ohio 
1828; settled in V. C. 1838. Rep. Christian. 

Ralstan, John R.; farmer; 2ms Dana. Born in Ohio 1822; 
settled in V. C. 1844. Rep. Presbyterian. 



KELT TOWNSHIP. 253 



Russell, Samuel; farmer; 3 m n w Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1850. Dem. Protestant. 

Russell, Mahlon; farmer; 3J m s w Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1833. Dem. Protestant. 

Rhodes, Richman; farmer; 7 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1837. Rep. Protestant. 

Russell, William, Sr. ; farmer; 3 m n w Hillsdale. Born in Va. 
1797; settled in V. C. 1829. Dem. Protestant 

Russell, William; farmer; 3 m n w Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 
1848. Dem. Protestant. 

Ryland, David; farmer; 1% m e Dana. Born in Ind. 1842; 
settled in V. C. 1871. Rep. Protestant. 

Russell, M. C; farmer; 5 J m n w Clinton. Born in Ky. 1835; 
settled in V. C. 1871. Dem. Presbyterian. 

RUSH, JAM-ES ; farmer ; 7I m n w Clinton. Born in Ohio 
1817; settled in V. C. 1819. Rep. Protestant. 

Rush, Fred.; farmer; 7|mnw Clinton. Born in V. C. 1858. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Rhodes, Stephen ; wagon maker; Saint Bernice P. O. Born in 
Ky. 1822; settled in V. C. 1826. Rep. 

RUSSELL, RICHARD R.; farmer; h mn Hillsdale P. O. 
Born in V. C. 1839. Dem. 

REED, JOHN J.; farmer; if m n w Saint Bernice. Born in 
V. C. 1852. Rep. 



254 VERMILLION COUNTA. 



REED, DAVID ; farmer; I ^ m n w Saint Bernice P. O. Born 
in N. C. 1825; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. Methodist. 

REED, JOHN W.; farmer; 1 m n w Saint Bernice P. O. Born 
in N. C. 1822; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. Methodist. 

REED, L. H.; school teacher; 1 m n w Saint Bernice P. O. 
Born in V. C. 1849. Rep. Methodist. 

REED, A. M.; farmer; 1 m n w Saint Bernice P. O. Born in 
V. C. 1852. Rep. 

Reed, Jacob; farmer; i^ms Saint Bernice P. O. Born in V. C 



SOUTHARD, WESLEY; farmer : 3 m n Clinton. Born in Va. 
181 1; settled in V. C. 1829. Rep. Protestant. 

Southard, H. R.; farmer and school teacher; 3 m n Clinton. 
Born in V. C. 1853. Rep. Protestant. 

Southard, E.; farmer; 3 m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 1856. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Strain, D. E. , Jr.; farmer; 2% m s w Summit Grove. Born in 
Ind. 1837; settled in V. C. 1837. Rep. Methodist. 

STRAIN, DANIEL; farmer; 2^ ms w Summit Grove. Born 
in Ohio 1 821; settled in V. C. 1848. Rep. Methodist. 

STRAIN, J. H.; student at State Normal School, Terre Haute; 
2]/ 2 m s \v Summit Grove. Born in V. C. 1853. Rep. 
Protestant. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 255 



Shaffer, Henry; farmer; 5 m n w Clinton. Born in Germany, 
1837; settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Protestant. 

Saxton, George W.; farmer; 2J m s w Hillsdale. Born in V. 
C. 1838. Rep. Protestant. 

Staats, Samuel; farmer; 4 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1849. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Staats, J. O.; farmer; 4 ms e Dana. Born in V. C. 1847. Rep. 
Protestant. 

Staats, Joseph; farmer and dealer in short horn cattle and Berk- 
shire hogs; 4 m s e Dana. Born in Va. 1801; settled in V. 
C. 1830. Rep. Methodist. 

Shelly, John B.; farmer and cooper; 3 m s e Dana. Born in 
Va. 1826; settled in V. C. 1862. Indp. U. Brethren. 

Shepard, Hiram; physician and surgeon; Dana. Born in V. C. 
1836. Dem. Protestant. 

Skidmore, George; farmer; ^ m n w Summit Grove. Born in 
V. C. 1824. Rep. Methodist. 

Stewart, J. F.; farmer; 3^ m n e Dana. Born in Va. 1825 ; 
settled in V. C. 1857. Re P- Protestant. 

Sturm, John ; farmer ; 2 m n e Dana. Born in Wertemburg, 
Germany, 1838; settled in V. C. 1864. Dem. Protestant. 

Santhard, H.; farmer; ij m n w Dana. Born in V. C. 185 1. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Sturm, Henry; farmer; 1 m sw Dana. Born in Germany 18 — ; 
settled in V. C. 1864. 



256 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Smith, X. R.; farmer; 3J-2 m s e Dana. Born in N. Y. 1832; 
settled in V. C. ICS42. Dem. Protestant. 

Short, R.; farmer; 4 m n w Summit Grove. 

Short, E.; farmer; 4 m n w Summit Grove. 
Short, Richard; farmer; 4 m n w Summit Grove. 

Strain, John; farmer and stock trader; 1 m s w Summit Grove. 
Born in Ohio 1806; settled in V. C. 1849. ^ e P- P rot - 

Skidmore, Josiah; farmer; J m from Summit Grove. Born in 
V. C. 1 83 1. Rep. Methodist. 

Sturgin, John F. ; farmer; 5 m s e Dana. Born in Ky. 1822; 
settled in V. C. 1865. Dem. Protestant. 

SMITH, GEORGE W.; farmer; 4^ m s e Dana. Born in 111. 
1847; settled in V. C. 1848. Rep. United Brethren. 

SMITH, JOHN; farmer; 5 m s e Dana. Born in Ohio t 82o; 
settled in V. C. 1848. Rep. 

Staats, John H.; farmer; 5 m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 1806; 
settled in V. C. 1829. Rep. Methodist. 

Shecly, G. W.; farmer; 3 m n w Summit Grove. Bo'-n in Ohio 
18 17; settled in V. C. 1841. Rep. Protestant. 

Sheely, B. H.; fanner; 3 m n w Summit Grove. Born in V. 
C. 1847. Rep. United Brethren. 

STOKESBERRY, M. H.;' farmer; 5 m n w Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1840. Rep. Methodist. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 257 



STOKESBERRY, P. M.; farmer; 4% m n w Clinton. Born 
in Ohio 1808; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. Methodist. 

Stokesberry, A.; farmer; 4% m w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1844. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Seely, Charles ; telegraph operator; Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 
1847; settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. Protestant. 

STAATS, JOSEPH & SONS; BREEDERS OF AND DEAL- 
ERS IN SHORT HORN CATTLE AND BERKSHIRE 
HOGS ; farm and residence 4 m s e Dana. 

SKIDMORE, WILLIAM; farmer; Toronto P. O.; residence 6 
m s w Dana. Born in V. C. 18 19. Rep. Protestant. 

Skidmore, Andrew; farmer; 5 y 2 m s w Dana P. O. Born in 
V. C. 1846. Rep. 

Skidmore, Edwin; farmer; 5^ m s w Dana P. O. Born in V. 
C. 1853. 

Skidmore, Sarah J.; farmer; 5^ m s w Dana P. O. Born in 
Ohio 1827; settled in V. C. 1834. Methodist. 

Skidmore, W. H.; farmer; 6 m s w Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
1853. Rep. 

Skidmore. G. F. ; farmer; 6 m s w Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
1855. Rep. Methodist. 

Skidmore, J. F.; farmer; 6 m s w Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
1857. Rep. 

17 



258 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Skidmore, T. J.; farmer; 5 m s w Dana P. O. Born in V. C. 
1849. R- e P- Methodist. 

Shepherd, Thomas; boot and shoemaker; St. Bernice. Born in 
Ky. 1828; settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. 

Shaw, C. W.; farmer; 3 J m s w Dana P. O. Born in Va. 1823; 
settled in V. C. 1864. Indpt. 

Smith, C. H.; farmer and mechanic; 3J m s Dana P. O. Born 
in N. Y. 1836. 



TWEEDY, WAKEFIELD; physician and surgeon; Saint Ber- 
nice. Born in Illinois 1836; settled in V. C. 1871. Rep. 
Christian. 

TILLOTSON, GEORGE B. ; MERCHANT ; FIRM OF 
PRICHARD AND TILLOTSON, GENERAL MER- 
CHANDISING; Bono P. O.; 3ms Dana. Born in V. C. 
1850. Rep. M. Baptist. 

TILLOTSON, DANIEL G.; farmer; 4* m s Dana P. O. Born 
in V. C. 1825. Rep. M. Baptist. 

Tillotson, William T. ; farmer; 4^ m s Dana P. O. Born in 
V. C. 1854. Rep. M. Baptist. 

Temple, George W.; farmer; i]£ m s Dana. Born in N. H. 
1820; settled in V. C. 1841. Rep. Methodist. 

TAYLOR, W. M.; general merchandise; firm of Taylor & Bro.; 
Bono and Dana. Born in V. C. 1844. Dem. Presb. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 259 



Thompson, M.; farmer; 2ms Hillsdale. Born in V. C. 1826. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Thompson, Walles; 25^ ms Hillsdale. Born in Ky. 1819. 
Protestant. 

Thomas, T. J.; farmer; 1 m n Hillsdale. Born in Ky. 1840. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Thomas, John ; farmer; if m n Hillsdale. Born in Ind. 1833; 
settled in V. C. 1863. Rep. Protestant. 

Terry, L. M.; farmer; 2% m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1845. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Thomas, M. Henry ; farmer; ^ m n Dana. Born in Germany 
1832; settled in V. C. 1855. Rep. Protestant. 

Thompson, H. M.; blacksmith; Bono; 3ms Dana. Born in 
Ind. 1840; settled in V. C. 1873. Re P- Methodist. 

Tullis, Samuel; farmer; Bono; 3ms Dana. Born in Va. 1794;. 
settled in V. C. 1835. Rep. Christian. 

Thorn, J. J.; farmer; 3J m e Dana. Born in Ky. 1816; settled 
in V. C. 1864. Dem. Protestant. 

Thorn, F. P.; farmer; 3J m s e Dana. Born in Ky. 1853; set- 
tled in V. C. 1864. M. Baptist. 

Taylor, Sanford ; farmer; 6 m s e Dana. Born in V. C. 1847.. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Taylor, J. W.; farmer; 6 m n e Dana. Born in V. C. 1835.. 
Rep. Protestant. 



260 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



TILLATSON, G. B.; farmer; 4^ m s Dana. Born in V. C. 
1825. Rep. M. Baptist. 

Tillatson, Wm. T.; farmer; 4^ m s Dana. Born in V. C. 1854. 
Rep. M. Baptist. 

Thompson, Charles; farmer; 3ms Dana. Born in Ind. 1854; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. M. Baptist. 

Thompson, David; farmer; ij m n w Dana. Born in Ind. 1849; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. Protestant. 

Thompson, Mrs. Lucinda; farmer; 2 m s w Dana. Born in Md. 
1 8 13; settled in V. C. 1856. M. Baptist. 

Thompson, Wm.; boot and shoemaker; i|ms Dana. Born in 
Ky. 1 8 18; settled in V. C. 1839. Dem. Protestant. 

Thompson, David D.; farmer; 1^ m s Dana. Born in Ky. 
1827; settled in V. C. 1839. Dem. Protestant. 

TAYLOR, J. M.; MERCHANT; firm of W. M. Taylor &Bro.; 
Bono and Dana; 3ms Dana. Born in V. C. 1849. Dem. 
Protestant. 

TAYLOR, N. E. ; farmer; Bono; 3ms Dana. Born in Ky. 
1823; settled in V. C. 1839. Dem. Protestant. 



Underwood, Jacob ; farmer ; 3 m w Hillsdale P. O. Born in 
Pa. 1818; settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. United Brethren. 

Underwood, William; wagon maker; 2|msw Hillsdale. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 26 1 



UNDERWOOD, OBADIAH; farmer; i m s w Hillsdale P. O. 
Born in Pa. 1822; settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. 

Underwood, Joseph; farmer; 2|msw Hillsdale. 



Vonhoutin, Emmit; merchant; Summit Grove. Born in III. 
1852; settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. 

Vanduyn, J. H.; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in V. C. 1851. 
Republican. 

VANDUYN, JOHN; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton P. O. Born in 
N. J. 1803; settled in V. C. 1826. Rep. Methodist. 

VONHUSS, B. H.; farmer; 4 m n w Summit Grove. Born in 
Tenn. 1839; settled in V. C. 1863. Dem. 

VANDUYN, FRANK B.; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1854. Rep. 

VANDUYN, MARION; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton. Born in 
V. C. 1856. 

Vanduyn, Charles J.; farmer; 4 m n w Clinton P. O. Born in 
V. C. 1852. Rep. 



Wilson, John ; farmer ; 4 m n w Summit Grove P. O. Born in 
V. C. 1845. Dem. 

Watson, James ; farmer ; 5^ m n w Clinton P. O. Born in Ind. 
1849; settled in V. C. 1874. Dem. 



262 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Wells, A. E. ; farmer; 8 m n w Clinton P. O. Born in Ind. 
1 841; settled in V. C. 1871. 

WISHARD, JAMES L.; FARMER; 6 m n w Clinton P. O. 
Born in Ky. 1794; settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. Meth. 

WISHARD, J. H.; FARMER ; 6 m n w Clinton P. O. Born 
in V. C. 1830. Rep. Methodist. 

Whetsel, Andrew ; harness maker ; 1 m e St. Bernice P. O. 
Born in Ohio 18 16; settled in V. C. 1847. R- e P- 

Wells, J. R.; farmer; 3 m s w Dana. Born in Ky. 1839; se t" 
tled in V. C. 1873. Dem. Protestant. 

Wishard, Stewart; farmer; 3J m's Dana. Born in V. C. 1854. 
Rep. Protestant. 

WISHARD, JOHN R.; 2| m s Dana. Born in Ky. 1808; set- 
tled in V. C. 1853. Rep. Methodist. 

Wishard, James A.; farmer; 2|ms Dana. Born in Ind. 1850; 
settled in V. C. 1853. Rep. Protestant. 

Wishard, John A.; farmer; 2^ m s Dana. Born in Ind. 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1853. Rep. Protestant. 

Wellman, Elijah; farmer; 4 m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 1809; 
settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. Methodist. 

Wilson, J. C. ; 2 m s w Montezuma. Born in Pa. 1827; settled 
in V. C. 1857. Re P- Methodist. 

Wellman, W. B.; farmer; 4 m s e Dana. Born in Ohio 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. Methodist. 



HELT TOWNSHIP. 263 



White, J. H., Jr.; farmer; 3^ m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1843. R- e P- Protestant. 

White, R. M.; farmer; 3! m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 1840. 
Rep. Protestant. 

WHITE, JAMES H.; farmer; 3 m n Clinton. Born in Tenn. 
1805; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. Protestant. 

White, Warren; farmer; 3 m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 1848. 
Rep. Protestant. 

White, F. P.; farmer; 3 m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 1836. Rep. 
Protestant. 

White, C. M.; medical student; 3 m n Clinton. Born in V. C. 
1853. Rep. Methodist. 

WALKER, GEORGE; farmer; Highland. Born in Ind. 1848; 
settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. Christian. 

Wishard, R. T. ; undertaker, and dealer in furniture; Bono; 3 
m s Dana. Born in Ind. 1848; settled in V. C. 1854. 
Rep. Methodist. 

White, Enoch ; farmer and grazier ; ]/ 2 m n w Summit Grove. 
Born in Ky. 1814; settled in V. C. 1821. Rep. Meth. 

WHITE, S. R.; farmer and grazier; y 2 m n w Summit Grove. 
Born in V. C. 1838. Rep. Methodist. 

WHITE, O. J.; farmer and grazier; 1 m s w Summit Grove. 
Born in V. C. 1833. R- e P- Protestant. 



264 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Wood, M. B.; minister M. E. Church; Born in Ind. 1840; set- 
tled in V. C. 1873. 

Watson, Dewitt C. ; farmer; 3 ^ m n w Summit Grove. Born in 
Ohio 1 83 1. Rep. Protestant. 

Wilson, Able B.; farmer; 4^ m n w Summit Grove. Born in 
Ky. 1S16; settled in V. C. 1868. Dem. United Brethren. 

Wilson, Able, Jr.; farmer; 4} m n w Summit Grove. Born in 
Ind. 1853; settled in V. C. 1868. Dem. Protestant. 

Wilman, R. A.; merchant; Saint Bernice. Born in Md. 1822; 
settled in V. C. 1869. Rep. 

Wilson, H. M.; blacksmith; Saint Bernice. Born in N.Y. 1831; 
settled in V. C. 1873. 

Wishard, John O.; farmer; 1 m n Saint Bernice. Born in Ky. 
1805; settled in V. C. 1834. Rep. United Brethren. 

Watson, D. C; carpenter and contractor; 2} m n w Summit 
Grove P. O. Born in Ohio 1830; settled in V. C. 1836. 
Rep. 



York, Mrs. Elizabeth; residence Bono; P. O. Dana. Born in 
Ky. 18 1 5; settled in V. C. 1864. Christian. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 265 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 



Vermillion is a French word and should be spelled with 
only one 1, though one of the best scholars of this county- 
ordered us to put in two, and as we have learned long since, 
"When in Rome to do as Rome does," of course we obeyed 
orders. Webster says it signifies "A bright-red sulphuret of 
mercury, consisting of sixteen parts of sulphur and one hun- 
dred parts of mercury. It is sometimes found native, of a red 
or brown color and is then called Cinnabar. It is used as a 
pigment." The early French who first explored this beautiful 
valley, doubtless found some minerals of this character, which 
led them to give the name of " Big Vermillion" and "Little 
Vermillion " to the two rivers flowing through the county. 

Vermillion is the capital township of the county, Newport 
being the county seat. It is bounded on the north by Eugene 
and on the south by Helt townships, on the east by the Wabash 
river and on the west by the boundary line of Illinois. Like 
Eugene and other townships in the county, its surface consists 
of river bottoms, hill lands and prairie. The soil is rich and 
produces liberally all the usual grains and^fruits of the climate. 
It is well timbered and healthy, and presents many rural scenes 
of marked beauty and attractiveness. 

The county seat was laid out by Stephen S. Collett in the 
year 1824, and the county was organized in the same year. 



266 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



The first court was held in the cabin of James Blair, in 
Eugene township, a few hundred yards from the present resi- 
dence of Hon. John Collett, and by order of the court changed 
the next day to the cabin of Mr. Josephus Collett, Sr. 

The town of Newport is located on a plain which is lined on 
the south by a beautiful range of hills or river terraces, over- 
looking the village, and which give the surroundings the aspect 
of a romantic locality. 

The Little Vermillion winds its modest way on the north, while 
the plain, on which the town is situated, stretches away to the 
east until it meets the waters of the Wabash. 

Limited in population, and wholly unpretending in manufac- 
tories or enterprise, the county seat, though three-fourths of a 
mile from the depot of the E. T. H. & C. R. R., may still be 
set down as a lovely little rural village. Its population is about 
500. 

The first commissioners of the county were John Hain, Thos. 
Durham and Isaac Chambers, who appointed W. W. Kennedy 
Clerk of the Court. 

The early history of the bar of tkis county, if written out, 
would make an interesting chapter in jurisprudence, as well as 
in forensic eloquence. But as most of these lawyers held their 
homes in other counties, the story of their lives does not belong 
here. 

The bar of the present day, here, comprises R. E. & M. G. 
Rhoads, Joshua Jumps, Robert Seers, Charles W. Ward and — 
Whitmore. Of physicians they have Drs. M. L. Hall, 
Clark Leavette and L. Sheperd. 

The present county officers are, W. M. Gibson, Clerk; Thos. 
Cushman, Auditor; James A. Foland, Treasurer; R. E. Ste- 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 267 

vens, Recorder; Lewis H. Beekman, Sheriff. Of the first dis- 
trict Wm. F. Bales is County Commissioner; Abel Sexton of 
the second, and B. M. Riggs of the third. Stephen B. Gard- 
ner was one of the early Clerks of the county and served for 
many years. He was followed by John M. Rush, A. B. Florer 
and James A. Bell. 

Of the early settlers of the township many are gone the way 
of the earth. Their high respectability and moral worth would 
commend them to favorable notices in this connection, but un- 
fortunately we have but very limited data to go upon, and, 
therefore, can do but little more than to merely insert their 
names. 

Joel Dicken was one among the first residents of the town- 
ship. He came from Prairie Creek, Kentucky, in 1821, and 
settled where Newport now stands. His son, Ben. K. Dicken, 
now lives about a mile from the county seat. 

Among old citizens of worth and respectability who are 
living or dead, we may mention Robert Stokes, Adam Zenor, 
Wm. Nichols, Major John Gardner, Alexander Moorehead, 
Daniel A. Jones, now a resident of Chicago ; John C. Johnson, 
Richard Potts, Henry Bitson, &c. Most of these are still living, 
and make, among other reputable and prosperous families, 
leading citizens of the township and county. 

Rev. John W. Parrott, whom we knew when a boy, was the 
son of Rev. Robert Parrott, of Evansville. He is a local elder 
in the Methodist Church, as his father also was. "Dick," now 
known as the Rev. Richard Parrott, lives in Gibson county, and 
Judge John F., another brother, lives in Evansville. Major 
Robert Parrott, of the One-hundredth Regiment Indiana Vol- 
unteers, was killed at Vicksburg. The fortunes of a farm 



268 



VERMILLION COUNTY. 



owned by the father, now covered by the city lots of Evans- 
ville, made this whole family rich for life. We are pleased to 
find John very highly esteemed among the citizens here. 

O. P. Davis, lawyer and farmer, living below the county seat 
a few miles, came to the county thirty-four years ago, and after 
practicing law for a number of years, has turned his attention to 
farming as being a much happier, if not a more honorable 
calling, than that of the law. There are but few more intelli- 
gent men in the county than O. P. Davis 

There is one very respectable newspaper published in New- 
port, which is called the Hposier State, S. B. Davis, editor. 
It is Republican in politics and agrees with the prevailing senti- 
ment of the county. 

The business houses of Newport are quite respectable for the 
size of the place. The Court House is well built and sub- 
stantial, and many of the dwellings look cozy and comfortable. 
They have one bank, chartered in 1871, with a capital of 
$60,000. Officers, Able Sexton, President, and S. S. Collett, 
Cashier. 

Vermillion township is nearly eight miles square, and the tax 
estimates of its lands is placed at $24 per acre. 

There is a fine merchant mill at Newport owned by Curtis & 
White. 

The improved land of this township may be set down at 
20,244 acres, and valued, including the farm implements, at 
$766,523. The live stock is estimated at $149,515. Value of 
all productions, $180,456. Bushelsof Indian corn raised, 138,630. 
Population of the township in 1870, 2,134. 

From Edward Y. Jackson, Township Trustee, we get the 
following statement of their schools : 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 269 

Ten school houses in the country, value $6, 500 ; two in New- 
port, one house, value $1,200; scholars enrolled, 800; admitted 
to school, 560. 

CHURCHES. 

Methodist Episcopal Church, Newport ; Rev. Montgomery, 
pastor; members, 60; value of church property, $1000. Con- 
nected with this church is a highly prosperous Sabbath school ; 
number of scholars, 100 ; superintendent, Lewis H. Beckman. 

Lebanon Methodist Episcopal Church ; 6 miles southwest of 
Newport ; pastor in charge, Rev. Montgomery ; value of church 
property, $1000; number of members, 43. This church also has 
a small but interesting Sabbath school, conducted by Rufus P. 
Little, superintendent; number of scholars, 30. 

United Brethren Church; 2*4 miles south of Newport; or- 
ganized 1832; Rev. James H. Anderson, pastor; members, 44; 
value of church property, $800 ; number of Sabbath school 
scholars, 30; James M. Nichols, superintendent. 

Vermillion Chapel ; four miles southwest of Newport ; Rev. 
E. Mason, pastor; number of members, 25; value of church 
property, $1000 ; class-leader, R. Clearwater; trustees, Richard 
Clearwater, John Highfill, W. Carmack and Henry Jackson. 

Presbyterian Church, Newport ; small in membership ; no 
regular pastor; a good church property, worth $1000. 

Friends' Church, Quaker Hill ; small membership. 

Bethel Chapel, United Brethren Church ; two miles south of 
Newport; Rev. James H. Anderson, pastor; value of property, 
$800 ; number of members, 30. Has a small Sabbath school, 
with an average attendance of 15 scholars; James M. Nichols, 
superintendent; Wm. Nichols, Jr., and James F. Wells, trus- 
tees ; Sabbath school was organized in 1874. 



27O VERMILLION COUNTY. 



SECRET SOCIETIES. 

Newport Lodge, No. 209, F. & A. M.; A. Sexton, W. M.; 
R. M. Sexton, S. W.; Seth Knight, J. W.; Joshua Jump, Sec.; 
members, 30 ; value of property, $2, 500. 

DIRECTORY OF VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 

AYE, JOHN; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 111. 1837; set- 
tled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Methodist. 

Asbury, James; farmer; 4 m s w Newport P. O. Born in Va. 
18 1 5; settled in V. C. 1828. Broad Church. 

ARRASMITH, THOMAS G.; merchant tailor; Newport. 
Born in V. C. 1832. Dem. Universalist. 

Aldridge, James F. ; farmer; 7 m s w Newport P. O. Born in 
Decatur county 1829; settled in V. C. 1857. Dem. Broad 
Church. 

Arrasmith, J. H.; farmer; 3^ m w Newport P. O. Born in 
1838. Rep. Broad Church. 

Arrasmith, Wm.; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1853. 
Rep. Broad Church. 

Arrasmith, W. C; carpenter; Newport. Born in Ind. 1841 ; 
settled in V. C. 185 1. Rep. 

Axton, John; bricklayer; 1 m s w Newport. Born in V. C. 

1838. Dem. 

♦ 

Aldridge, David ; retired; 4 m s w Newport. Born in N. C. 
1790; settled in V. C. 1836. Christian. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 27 1 

Aldridge, B. F.; farmer; 4 m s w Newport. Born in Ky. 1839. 
Christian. 

Adams, John; farmer; 5^ m n w Newport. Born in Ohio 1825; 
settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. 

Adams, William; farmer; 5^ m nw Newport. Born in Ohio 
1852; settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. 

Arrasmith, Alva; farmer; 5 y 2 m n w Newport. Born in Ky. 
1808; settled in V. C. 185 1. Rep. Methodist. 

Arrasmith, Thomas T. ; farmer; 5^ ra w Newport. Born in 
Ind. 1838; settled in V. C. 185 1. Rep. 



Billing, James W.; farmer; \]/ 2 m s Newport. Born in V. 
C. 1833. 

Brown, James W.; sawmilling; 1 m s Newport. Born in Tenn. 
1850; settled in V. C. 1873. 

Bunson, Oliver; blacksmith; \ m s Newport. Born in Ind. 
1850. 

BROKAW, A. C; painter; \\ m s Newport. Born in N. J. 
1842; settled in V. C. 1866. 

Bush, John S. ; farmer; 2{ m s Newport. Born in Ind. 1828; 
settled in V. C. 1835. Dem - 

Brindley, George; farmer; 2 m s e Newport. Born in Ky. 1800; 
settled in V. C. 1830. United Brethren. 



272 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Brindley, George W.; farmer; 2 m s e Newport. Born in V. 
C. 1843. 

Brown, David; farmer; J^msw Newport. Born in Ind. 1823; 
settled in V. C. 1828. 

Brown, John S.; farmer; 1^ m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 
1852; settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. Cumberland Pres. 

Brindley, Eli; farmer; 2 m s w Newport. Born in V. C. 1838. 
United Brethren. 

Brown, S. ; farmer; 5 m s w Newport. Born in Ky. 1835; set- 
tled in V. C. 1866. 

Bennett, J. A.; farmer; 5 m w Newport. Born in Ind. 1831; 
settled in V. C. 1861. Rep. 

Barker, John; laborer; 5^ m w Newport. Born in Ohio 1838; 
settled in V. C. 1863. Dem. 

Burlison, E. H.; agent; Newport. Born in N. Y. 1850; settled 
in V. C. 1874. 

Betson, Hamilton; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in N. Y. 1842; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. Broad Church. 

Betson, Amos; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in N. Y. 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. Broad Church. 

Ballard, George; farmer; 8 m s w Newport P. O. Born in 
Orange county 1840. Dem. Broad Church. 

Ballard, John A. ; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Orange co. 
1832. Dem. Broad Church. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 273 



Ballard, Thos. N. ; farmer; 8 m s w Newport P. O. Born in 
Orange county 1830. Dem. Broad Church. 



Iteachey, D. S. ; sewing machine agent; Newport P. O. Born in 
Pa. 1843; settled in V. C. 1874. Rep. Broad Church. 



BOGART, ISAAC ; farmer ; Quaker Point, 8 m w Newport. 
Born in 1837. Dem. Old Style Baptist. 

Blunt, Thomas ; carpenter; Newport P. O. Born in Ind. 1830; 
settled in V. C. 1844. Rep. Broad Church. 

Bowers, George J.; sawyer; Newport P. O. Born in Va. 1833. 
Rep. Methodist. 

BOGART, WILLIAM; farmer; Quaker Point. Born in 1847. 
Dem. Baptist. 

Bogart, Julius ; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Tenn. 181 1~ 
settled in V. C. 1832. Dem. Methodist. 

BECKMAN, LEWIS H.; Sheriff of Vermillion county. Born 
in V. C. 1 841. Rep. Methodist. 

Brown, Thomas J.; boot and shoemaker; Newport. Born im 
Ky. 1 801; settled in V. C. 1830. Dem. Presbyterian. 

Betson, Robert; farmer; 5I m s w Newport P. O. Born in N.. 
Y. 1829; settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. Broad Church.. 

18 



274 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Carpenter, Augustus; miller; |ms Newport. Born in N. Y. 
1834; settled in V. C. 1870. 

Carnes, A. L. ; farmer; 2^ ms Newport. Born in Ohio 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1874. 

Clearwater, R. H.; farmer; i| m s Newport. Born in Ind. 
1 84 1. Methodist. 

Conrad, John; farmer; 1 m s w Newport. Born in Ky. 1807; 
settled in V. C. 1872. 

Conrad, Joseph; farmer; 1 m s w Newport. Born in 111. 1835; 
settled in V. C. 1869. 

Clark, Ross; farmer; 3 msw Newport. Born in Ohio 1797; set- 
tled in V. C. 1830. Dem. 

Clark, G. W.; farmer; 3 m s w Newport. Born in V. C. 1834; 
Dem. 

Clark, Samuel; 3ms w Newport. Born in Ohio 1828; settled 
in V. C. 18— Dem. Methodist. 

Clark, Ezra; farmer; 4ms w Newport. Born in Ohio 181 1; 
settled in V. C. 1832. Indpt. 

COLLETT, WILLIAM; farmer. Born in V. C. 1842. Rep. 
Protestant. 

COLLETT, STEPHEN S.; banker; Newport. Born in Eu- 
gene 1829. Temperance. Rep. 

Cain, George; farmer; 2\ m west of north of Newport P. O. 
Born in 111. 1844; settled in V.C. 1863. Dem. Broad Church. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 275 

CARPENTER, A.; miller; Newport. Born in N. Y. 1829; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. Broad Church. 

Cross, J. W.; farmer; 3 m w Newport P. O. Born in N. Y. 
1836; settled in V. C. 1844. Rep. 

Clearwater, Richard ; farmer ; 5 m s w Newport P. O. Born in 
Montgomery Co. 1830; settled in V. C. 1830. Democrat. 
Methodist. 

CUSHMAN, THOMAS; Auditor V. C; Newport. Born in 
N. Y. 1 8 14; settled in V. C. 1836. Rep. Protestant. 

Chapman, Simeon; farmer. Born in Ind. 1845; settled in V. C. 
1856. Dem. Broad Church. 

Castle, Z.; farmer; 2 m n Dana. Born in 1835. Rep. 

Clark, William ; carpenter ; 3 m w Newport P. O. Republican. 
Methodist. 

CALDWELL, F. M.; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1836. 
Broad Church. 

CURTIS, ANDREW; MILLER; Newport P. O. Born in 111. 
1845; settled in V. C. 1847. Rep. 

Culley, H. S.; carpenter; Newport P. O. Born in N. Y. 1826. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Cormack, Andrew ; farmer ; Newport P. O. Born in Tenn. 
1827 ; settled in V. C. 1842. Dem. Methodist. 

Cormack, George F.; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1850. 
Dem. Broad Church. 



276 VERMILLION COUNTY, 



COOKE, JOSEPH C; physician; residence Willow Brook 
Farm ; 8 miles west of Newport P. O. Born in Piqua 
county, Ohio, 18 19; settled in V. C. 1845. Dem. Old 
Style Baptist. His father emigrated to Wabash in 1821, 
and died near Montezuma in 1865, aged 80 years. He 

bought his farm at the land sales in 1822. Five hundred 
Indians have passed his cabin in a day. 

Connett, Daniel ; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Ohio 1837. 
Rep. Broad Church. 

Cormack, Alfred ; farmer; 6 m s w Newport. Born in Tenn. 
1 8 14; settled in V. C. 183 1. Dana P. O. Rep. Methodist. 
His father died here in 1863, aged 75. 

Clearwater, Nathan A. ; farmer; 5 m w Newport P. O. Born in 
111. 1850. Dem. Broad Church. 

CONLY, H. H.; teacher; Newport. Born in Ind. 1843. Rep. 
Methodist. 

Cooke, James; tenant farmer; 5 m s w Eugene. Born in Ky. 
1845; settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. 

Coonce, Chas. W.; tenant farmer; Longo P. O., 111.; 6 m w 
Newport. Born in Ind. 1850; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 

Clearwaters, John W.; farmer; 4|msw Newport. Born in V. 
C. 1831. 



Dallas, Hugh; farmer and stock trader; 3^ m n w Newport. 
Born in Ohio 1809; settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 277 

Dallas, William H.; farmer; 3 J m n w Newport. Born in Va. 
1840; settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. 

Davis, Francis M.; farmer; 4 m n w Newport. Born in V. C. 
1838. Dem. 

Davis, G. H.; farmer; 4 m n w Newport. Born in V. C. 1843. 
Dem. 

Dicken, Daniel C; farmer; Newport P.O. Born in V. C. 1822. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Dallas, Spencer H.; Post Master; Newport. Born in Va. 1836; 
settled in V. C. 1841. Rep. Broad Church. 

DICKEN, F. M.; farmer; 1 m w Newport P. O. Born in V. 
C. 185 1. Rep. Protestant. 

Duzan, James; carpenter; Newport P. O. Born in Ky. 18 18; 
settled in V. C. 1835. R- e P- Protestant. 

DOSS, W. W.; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Ky. 18 17; set- 
tled in V. C. 1830. Dem. Broad Church. 

Dillon, Henry; butcher; Newport. Born in 1854. Indept. 
Broad Church. 

Deheaben, Perry ; farmer ; 2 m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 
1847. Re P- 

Dunlap, Alexander ; farmer ; 1 y± m west of north of Newport. 
Born in Md. 18 13; settled in V. C. 1833. Indpt. 

Dunlap, Charles ; farmer ; 1 ^ m west of north of Newport. 
Born in 111. 1848; settled in V. C. 1858. Dem. 



2/8 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Dicken, Mrs. Martha; widow of Simeon Dicken ; 2^ m nw 
Newport. Born in Ky. 1804; settled in V. C. 1822. 

Dicken, Benjamin K., Sen.; farmer and carpenter; 2^ m n w 
Newport. Born in V. C. 1841. Rep. 

DICKEN, B. K., Jr.; engineer; 2\ m west of north of New- 
port. Born in 111. 1854; settled in V. C. 1859. R- e P- 

Doss, W. P.; farmer; Newport. Born in V. C. 1843. Dem. 

Dawson, Frank ; farmer ; 6 m n w Newport. Born in V. C. 
1852. Rep. 

DAVIS, SAMUEL; farmer, and proprietor of Poor House ; 2 
m s Newport. Born in Ohio 181 1 ; settled in V. C. 1829. 
Methodist. 

Davis, R. N.; farmer; \\ m s e Newport. Born in V. C. 1845. 

Davis, R. ; farmer; 1 \ m s e Newport. Born in Ind.; settled in 
V. C. 1845. Rep. Methodist. 

Douglass, George T.; farmer. Born in Ind. 1844; settled in V. 
C. 1857. Dem. 

DAVIS, O. P.; farmer; 3ms Newport. Born in N. H. 18 14; 
settled in V. C. 1840. 

Davis, C. S.; grocer; Newport. Born in Ind. 1844; settled in 
V. C. 1844. Methodist. 

DAVIS, S. B. ; Editor of Hoosier State ; Newport. Born in 
Ind. 1842; settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. Universalist. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 279 

Dicken, B. K.; farmer; 1 m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 18 18. 

Deheaben, Samuel ; farmer ; 2 J m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 
1822; settled in V. C. 1831. United Brethren. 



Eggleston, John L.; farmer; 5 m n w Newport. Born in V. C. 
1827. Rep. 

Eggleston, Henry H.; farmer; 5 m w Newport. Born in.V.C. 
1840. Rep. 

EGGLESTON, WILLIAM, Esq. Born in V. C. 1833; studied 
law with Gen. Washburn ; now resides in Terre Haute. 
His father, Joseph Eggleston, was an old settler of V. C. 
Settled here in 1821. 

Elder, James A.; farmer; 1 m w Toronto P.O. Born in Brown 
Co., Ohio, 1822; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. Presbyte- 
rian. His father, Samuel Elder, died in N. Y. 1869, aged 
75 years. 

Elder, Miss S.; widow of Samuel S. Elder, who died in 1863, 
aged 58. Born in Ohio 18 10. Methodist. 

Elder, Rufus ; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1842. Rep. 
Broad Church. 

Edmonston, Melissa ; widow of Archibald B. Edmonston, who 
died in 1865, aged 73. She was born in Ky. 1805; moved 
from Dubois Co. to V. C. 183 1. Presbyterian. 



2S0 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Fennemore, Samuel; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Ohio 1832. 
Dem. Broad Church. 

Fortner, Lucinda; widow; farmer ; Newport P. O. Born in V. 
C. 1854. 

Frazer, Allen, Sr.; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in V. C. 1847. 
Indpt. Broad Church. 

FOSTER, ROBERT B.; farmer; 1 m s Quaker Point. Born 
in Penn. 1828; settled in V. C. 1867. Indpt. Methodist. 

Frazer, Alexander; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1848. 
Rep. Broad Church. 

Frazer, Elizabeth; widow of William, who died in 1873, aged 
57; Newport P. O. Born in Ind. 1822; settled in V. C. 
1829. 

Foland, James A.; Treasurer of V. C; a valuable citizen and 
worthy gentleman. He is about retiring from his official 
station with the highest honors. 

Fortner, William; 2% va s Newport. Born in Ind. 1844. 

Frazier, W. S. ; farmer; i|mse Newport. Born in 1831; set- 
tled in Ind. 1871. Rep. 

Frazer, Felix; farmer; 2 m s w Newport. Born in V. C. 1844. 
Rep. United Brethren. 

Fry, David; farmer; ^ m n Newport. Born in V. C. 1829. 
Dem. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 28 I 

Foland, W. B.; Deputy Treas.; Newport. Born in V. C. 1848. 
Rep. Broad Church. 

Frazer, Allen; farmer; 4 m w Newport P. O. Born in 1850. 
Rep. Broad Church. 

Fusselman, J. B. ; carpenter; Newport P. O. Born in Ohio 
1825; settled in V. C. 1869. Rep. Presbyterian. 



GIBSON, WILLIAM; Clerk of the Court; Newport. Born in 
Edinburgh, 1832; settled in V. C. 1863. Dem. Protestant. 

Gibben, John G. ; carpenter; Newport. Born in Ohio 18 19; 
settled in V. C. 1832. Dem. Methodist. He got five 
honorable wounds in the late war. 

Gilmore, Richard; farmer; 3 m s w Newport. Born in 1843. 
Dem. Broad Church. 

GROVES, WM. C; farmer; 5 m w Newport; P. O. Dana. 
Born in Tenn. 18 17; settled in V. C. 1830. Dem. Meth. 
His father died in 1844 — mother in 1874. 

Grey, Mrs. Elizabeth; widow; Newport. Born in Va. 18 19. 
Methodist. 

Grey, David R.; express agent; Newport. Born in V. C. 1852. 
Rep. 

GILMORE, JOHN, M. D.; 5 m w Newport P. O. Born in 
Va. 181 5. Dem. Broad Church. 



282 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Gillespie, Garrett; farmer; 6 m s w Newport P. O. Born in Ky. 
1S12. Dem. Christian. 



Harding, ; farmer; 4I m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 1852; 

settled in V. C. 1870. Neutral. 

Hendraxson, James; farmer; 3^ m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 
1824. 

Harlan, Joseph; farmer; 4^ m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 1842. 

Haton, Isaiah; farmer; 5 m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 1836; 
settled in V. C. 1870. 

Harvey, Mrs. Josephene ; widow of Nathan Harvey ; 2 m n e 
Newport. Born in V. C. 1844. 

HIBERLY, FRED.; FARMER AND JUSTICE OF THE 
PEACE; 6 m w Newport. Born in Germany 1832; set- 
tled in V. C. 1850. Temperance. Evangelican Lutheran. 

Harrier, Phillip; farmer; 6h m w Newport. Born in Ind. 1845. 
Dem. Methodist. 

Hollingsworth, S. ; farmer; Newport. Born in 1836. Rep. 

Herbin, Harrison; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Union Co. 
1836; settled in V. C. 1874. Dem. 

Hannahs, A.; teamster; Newport. Born in Ky. 1830; settled 
in V. C. 1861. Dem. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 283 

HANNAHS, IRA ; farmer ; Newport P. O. Born in Ohio 
1849. Dem. Protestant. 

Hayworth, James; farmer; Newport P. O. Rep. Friend. 

Henderson, Anna; widow of Wm. Henderson; Newport. Born 
in Tenn.; settled in V. C. 1824. Friend. 

HENDERSON, RICHARD; son of Anna Henderson; farmer; 
Newport P. O. Born in V. C. Rep. Friend. 

Harlan, John; farmer; 6 m s w Newport P. O. Born in V. C. 
1839. Indpt. 

Hastey, Robert J.; farmer; Newport P.O. Born in V. C. 1841. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Hines, John ; shoemaker ; Newport P. O. Born in Germany 
1807. Rep. Lutheran. 

HALL, JAMES W.; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1850. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Harlan, Joseph R. ; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1843. 
Dem. Protestant. 

HASTEY, HIRAM; saddler; Newport. Born in Ind. 1818; 
settled in V. C. 1838. Rep. Methodist. 

HOLLINGSWORTH, EBER ; farmer and stock trader; 2 m w 
Newport P. O. Born in Union county 1822; settled in V. 
C. 1823. His father, Carter Hollingsworth, died here in 
1866, aged 79. 



284 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Haggerty, Frank ; hardware store ; Newport P. O. Born in 
Ireland 1834; settled in V. C. 1873. 

HALL, M. L. ; physician; Newport. Born in V. C. 1846. 
Rep. 

Hollingsworth, Simeon H ; 3 m s e Newport. Born in Ind. 
1843. Dem. 

Hollingsworth, Henry; butcher; Newport. Born in Ind. 1830; 
settled in V. C. 1830. 

Hopkins, David S.; farmer; y 2 m s w Newport. Born in Ohio 
1835; settled in V. C. 1835. 

Highfill, John; farmer; 2f m s w Newport. Born in V. C. 
1828. Dem. Methodist. 

Hutson, James H.; saddler and harness maker; 4 m s w New- 
port. Born in Ohio 1824; settled in V. C. 1830. 

Harlan, Eldridge ; farmer ; 4^ m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 
1841. Dem. 

Harlan, James; farmer; 4J m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 1833. 
Neutral. 

Hall, Samuel J.; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1835. Rep. 
Protestant. William B. Hall settled here in 1832; died 
in 1863, aged 42. 

Hartman, John W.; clerk; Newport P. O. Born in Fountain 
county 1844; settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. Protestant. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 285 

Huff, Wm.; cooper; Newport P. O. Born in Ky. 1812; settled 
in V. C. 1835. Rep. United Brethren. 

HOPKINS, A. L.; MERCHANT; Newport. Born in 184 1. 

Rep. His father, John Hopkins, came to V. C. in 1820, 
and died in 1873, aged 68; his mother is yet living. 

Hunt, John ; farmer ; 5 m s w Newport P. O. Born in Ohio 
1832; settled in V. C. 1853. Dem. 

Hollingsworth, John W.; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1852. 
Rep. 



Jines, Milow; engineer; 1 m s w Newport. Born in 111. 185 1; 
settled in V. C. 1873. 

Jefferys, E. F. ; farmer; 2|ms Newport. Born in Va. 1849; 
settled in V. C. 1874. 

Jackson, H. F.; retired; 2|ras Newport. Born in Ohio 1798; 
settled in V. C. 1832. Protestant. 

Jackson, E., Sen.; farmer; 3|ms Newport. Born in Ohio 1807; 
settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. 

Jackson, T. W.; farmer; 3 m s e Newport. Born in Ohio 18 16- 
settled in V. C. 1839. 

Johnson, Ure; farmer; 2 m n e Newport. Born in V. C. 1850. 
Rep. Prot. 

JUMP, J.; attorney at law; Newport. Born in Ohio 1843; set- 
tled in V. C. 1869. 



286 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Jaggers, Harrison; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Ohio 1828. 
Dem. 

Jones, Thomas; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Ohio 1830. 
Dem. 

Jones, William ; farmer ; 7 m n w Newport. Born in Union 
co.; settled in V. C. 1828. Dem. 

Jones, Samuel; farmer; 7 m w Newport. Born in Ohio 1815 ; 
settled in V. C. 1830. Dem. 

Jaggers, John; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 185 1. Dem. 

Johnson, John C. ; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Ohio 1807; 
settled in V. C. 1834. Rep. 



Keyes, James; operator; Newport Station. Born in Mich. 1845. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Knight, Seth; grocery store; Newport. Born in England 1832; 
settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Methodist. 

KAUFMAN, JAMES; farmer ; Newport P. O. Born in V. C. 
1825. Dem. 

Kenneday, M. L.; farmer and teacher; 3 m w Newport P. O. 
Born in Ind. 1849. Rep. Newlight. 



LEA VITT, CLARK ; PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON ; New- 
port. Born in Ind. 1834; settled in V. C. 1856. Liberal. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 287 

Lamb, Elias; farmer; i3^ m n w Newport. Born in N.C.I 8 14; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. United Brethren. 

Lamb, Irvin; farmer; Newport. Born in Ind. 1842; settled in 
V. C. 1S71. Rep. 

LIVENGOOD, WM. E. ; REAL ESTATE OPERATOR ; 
Newport. Born in Ohio 1825; settled in V. C. 1841. Rep. 
Protestant. 

Little, Wm. L.; school examiner for the county; Newport P. O. 
Born in V. C. Republican. 

LITTLE, RUFUS P. ; farmer ; Newport P. O. Born in V. C. 
1837. Rep. Methodist. Son of Charles S. Little, de- 
ceased, who settled here in 1 83 1. 

Lamb, John ; farmer ; Newport P. O. Born in Wayne county 
1849. R- e P- 



Mackey, John; saw mill; I m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 1852; a 
settled in V. C. 1873. 

Myers, William; farmer; i£ m s Newport. Born in V. C. 1844. 

Maxwell, James; farmer; 2ms Newport. Born in 111. 1847; 
settled in V. C. 1848. Cumberland Presbyterian. 

Miller, S.; farmer; 3ms Newport. Born in Ky. 1845; settled 
in V. C. 1870. 

Mitchell, Jesse; farmer; 3ms Newport. Born in Term. 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1868. 

Masin, W. W.; plasterer; Newport. Born in Ind. 1843; settled 
in V. C. 1873. 



288 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



McPherson, J. M.; minister; Newport. Born in Ala. 1827; set- 
tled in V. C. 1873. Cumberland Presbyterian. 

Morehead, J. A.; farmer; ]/ 2 m n Newport. Born in V. C. 1826. 

Mason, E.; minister, Newport. Born in Ind. 1828; settled in 
V. C 1873. 

Morehead, Joseph A.; farmer; ^ m n Newport. Born in V. 
C. 1826. Rep. 

McKabe, Washington; laborer; Newport. Born in Ohio 1822; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. 

McKinney, Elihu; tenant farmer; 6 m from Newport. 

MANGES, JOHN; farmer; 6 m w Newport. Born in Ohio 
1844; settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. 

Mullen, John; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Owen Co. 1830. 
Democrat. 

MOREHEAD, SAMUEL; farmer; 1 m w Newport. Born in 
Ohio 1 8 19; settled in V. C. 18 19. Dem. 

McConnell, W. S. ; artist; Newport. Born in Ind. 1852. Rep. 
Protestant. 

McConnell, J. W.; artist; Newport. Born in Pa. 1816; settled 
in V. C. 1863. Rep. Protestant. 

Myers, John; blacksmith; Newport. Born in 1836. Indpt. 

Merriman, Julia A; widow of Peyton Merriman, who died in 
1856, aged 50. Born in Harrison county, 1819. Meth. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 289 

Myers, Jacob ; farmer ; 7 m s w Newport P. O. Born in Ohio 
1 8 19; settled in V. C. 1871. Dem. 

Mote, Green; farmer; 8 m w Newport P.O. Born in Vigo Co. 
1820; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Friend. 



Noyes, C; painter; Newport. Born in Ind. 1838; settled in 
V. C. 1850. Rep. Universalist. 

Nixon, R. H.; druggist; Newport. Born in 1842. Republican. 
Protestant. 

NEWLAND, ALFRED; farmer; 1 y 2 m s w Newport. Born 
in Montezuma 1832. His father died 1872, aged 68 ; his 
mother still survives, aged 68. They came to this State 
from North Carolina in 1828. 

NORRIS, JOHN; farmer; 7 m s w Newport P. O.. Born in V. 
C. 1834. Dem. His father, Robert S. Norris, settled in 
this county forty-five years ago, and is yet living. 

Nichols, Isaac; farmer; 5 m w Newport P. O. Born in 1822; 
settled in V. C. when a boy. His parents were old settlers. 
Methodist. 

Newton, Joseph; farmer; 3^- m s Newport. Born in Ky. 1837; 
settled in V. C. 1871. 

Nicholas, Daniel; farmer; i^-m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 
1850; settled in V. C. 1850. 

Mechnos, James M.; farmer; 2 m s w Newport. Born in Ky. 
1 8 19. Rep. United Brethren. 

19 



29O VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Nechols, William; farmer; 2 m s w Newport. Born in Va. 1804; 
settled in V. C. 183 1. United Brethren. 

Nechols, William, Jr.; farmer; 2^ m s w Newport. Born in V. 
C. 1835. Rep. United Brethren. 



Owen, N. F.; farmer; 2|ms Newport. Born in Tenn 1837; 
settled in V. C. 1861. Dem. 

Odell, G. W.; groceries; Newport. Born in 111. 1832; settled 
in V. C. 1863. Methodist. 

Osmond, Philip W. ; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Ky. 1803; 
settled in V. C. 1822. Rep. Methodist. 

Osmond, Jabez ; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1836. Rep. 
Methodist. 

Osmond, Archibald; farmer; 8 m s w Newport. Born in 1829. 



Parrett, R. A.; lawyer; Newport. Born in Ind. 1852; settled 
in V. C. i860. Rep. 

PARRETT, JOHN W.; farmer and minister; Newport. Born 
in Ind. 1818; settled in V. C. 1850. Methodist. 

Parrett, R. W.; merchant; Newport. Born in Ind. 1844; set- 
tled in V. C. 1850. Dem. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 2gi 



PRICE, ISRAEL; barber; Newport. Born in Ind. 1844; set- 
tled in V. C. 1869. Rep. 

Potts, H. P.; farmer; 2ms Newport. Born in Ind. 1848. 

Potts, Richard; farmer; 2% ms Newport. Born in N. J. 1808; 
settled in V. C. 1844. 

Potts, Thomas; farmer; 3 m s Newport. Born in Ind. 1850; 

PORTER, C. D.; farmer; 3I m s Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1842. Rep. 

Porter, Wm. J.; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Va. 1823 ; 
settled in V. C. 1845. Dem. Indpt. 

Place, E. J.; grocery store; Newport. Born in Ohio 1847; 
settled in V. C. 1855. 

Place, Walter J.; proprietor Newport Hotel. Born in N. Y. 
1 8 1 6; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. 

PUGH, EDWIN E.; farmer and carpenter; i]/ 2 m s Quaker 
Point. Born in Pa. 1822; settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. 
Friend. 



Read, William; farmer; 1 m s Newport. Born in Ky. 1844;. 
settled in V. C. 1868. 

Reed, William; farmer; I m s w Newport. Born in Ohio 1854;. 
settled in V. C. 1868. 



292 



VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Rice, William Z.; farmer; 4 m s w Newport. Born in Ind. 1832; 
settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. Christian. 

Richardson, John; farmer; 2^ m n w Newport. Born in V. C. 
1843. Rep. 

Richardson, William; farmer; 2]/ 2 m n w Newport. Born in 
V. C. 1839. 

Remley, James; farmer; 2^ m n w Newport. Born in Ohio 
1823; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. 

Richardson, James; farmer; 7 m n w Newport. Born in Ind. 
185 1 ; settled in V. C. 1868. Dem. 

Race, L. J.; blacksmith; Newport. Born in Ohio 1842; settled 
in V. C. 1865. Rep. 

RHOADS, B. E.; ATTORNEY AT LAW; Newport. Born 
in Pa. 1834; settled in V. C. 1861. Rep. Presbyterian. 

RHOADS, M. G.; ATTORNEY AT LAW; Newport. Born 
in Pa. 1836; settled in V. C. 1863. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Richards, John; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in N. J. 1824. 
Republican. 



Sassen, Joseph; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Tenn. 18 12; 
settled in V. C. 1868. Liberal. Protestant. 

Shepherd, Lewis, M. D.; Newport. Born in Newport 1839. 
Dem. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 293 

Seigers, Isaiah; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in 1837. Indpt. 

Smith, Henry C; tailor; Newport. Born in Germany 1840 ; 
Dem. Lutheran. 

Shoemaker, Weston ; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Indiana 
1838; settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Protestant. 

Simpson, W. B. W.; billiard rooms; Newport. Born in Ind. 
1827; settled in V. C. 1863. Indpt. 

Sanders, J. A.; merchant; Newport. Born in Ohio 1839; set- 
tled in V. C. 1868. Rep. 

Stork, Thomas J.; farmer; 5^4 m from Newport. Born in 111. 
1834; settled in V. C. 1869. Dem. 

Sager, Isaiah; farmer; 5 m w Newport. Born in Ohio 1825; 
settled in V. C. 1849. Re P- Methodist. 

Sager, Isaac N.; farmer; 5 m w Newport. Born in V. C. 1849. 
Rep. 

Swindell, William; farmer; 3ms Newport. Born in Ohio 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1871. 

SEXTON, ABEL; BANKER; Newport. Born in N. Y. 
1820; settled in V. C. 1843. Re P- Methodist. Merchant 
for twenty years in Newport. 

STEWART, MARTIN VAN BUREN; farmer; 6 m s w New- 
port. Born in V. C. 1838. Rep. 

Stevens, Robert E.; Recorder of Vermillion county. Born in 
Ohio 1842. Rep. 



294 



VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Shepherd, Ben.; farmer; 7 m w Newport P. O. Born in Ky. 
1808; settled in V. C. 1828. Dem. Missionary Baptist. 

Stribbling, John W.; farmer; 1^ ms Newport. Born in Ky. 
1829; settled in V. C. 1866. 

Scott, Sildon ; farmer; \ l /i m s Newport. Born in Ky. 181 1; 
settled in V. C. 1869. Christian. 

Slater, Robert; farmer; 1 m s Newport. Born in Ind.; settled 
in V. C. 185 1. 

Stokes, R. F. ; farmer; i]4, m s e Newport. Born in Ind.; set- 
tled in V. C. 1843. Dem. Regular Baptist. 

Sith, Knight; grocer; Newport. Born in England 1831; settled 
in V. C. 1865. 

Sears, Jackson; farmer; 2% m s w Newport. Born in Ind.; 
settled in V. C. 1848. Dem. 

Sears, D.; farmer; 3 m s w Newport. Born in Ky. 1808; set- 
tled in V. C. 1 84 1. Dem. Christian. 

SANDERS, SAMUEL; farmer; 2 m n e Newport. Born in 
V. C. 1829. Rep. 

Smith, John; farmer; i]4 m n e Newport. Born in 111. 185 1 ; 
settled in V. C. 186 1. Dem. 

Smith, George; farmer; 2^ m n w Newport. Born in Ohio 
1834; settled in V. C. 1863. Dem. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 295 

Tincher, Wm. L. ; farmer; 2 J m s Newport. Born in Ky. 1814; 
settled in V. C. 1830. Methodist 

Tincher, Wm. F.; farmer; 2 J m s Newport. Born in Ind. 1844. 
United Brethren. 

Triplet, W. L. ; druggist; Newport. Born in Ohio 1847; se t- 
tled in V. C. 1870. 

Triplet, Wm. M.; druggist; firm of Triplet & Son; Newport. 
Born in Va. 181 5; settled in V. C. 1870. 

Thomas, Joseph; farmer; 5 m w Newport. Born in 111. 1854; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Dem. 

Thomas, James A.; farmer; 5 m w Newport. Born in 111. 1849; 
settled in V. C. 1870. Dem. 

Tropts, Isaac; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Va. 1828; settled 
in V. C. 1837. Dem. United Brethren. 

TRUITT, GEORGE F. ; farmer; 8 m s w Newport. Born in 
Ohio 1848. Dem. 

Thomas, William P.; three miles west of Newport. Born in 
1846. Republican. His mother, widow Catharine Thomas, 
was born in Jefferson county, Va. 181 5, and settled in Ver- 
million county in 1822, and still lives on the old homestead. 
She was the daughter of Jacob Custar, who settled here in 
1822, the year of the land sales. 

THOMAS, NATHAN; farmer and miller; 5 m n w Newport. 
Born in Dubois county 1822; settled in V. C. 1827. Dem. 
Methodist. His father, Eli Thomas, died here in 1830. 



296 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Vancamp, ; farmer; y 2 m e Newport. Born in Ind.; set- 
tled in V. C. 1834. 



Walthall, Francis; farmer; 6 m s w Newport. Born in 1847. 
Rep. Friend. 

White, Thomas; farmer; Newport. Born in 185 1. Rep. 
Protestant. 

WARD, CHARLES W. ; attorney at law; Newport. Born in 
N. H. 1847; settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. 

WHITE, C; SAWYER; 1 m s w Newport. Born in Richland 
county, Ohio ; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Presbyterian. 

White, John L. ; farmer; Newport. Born in Ky. 1826; settled 
in V. C. 1830. Indpt. 

Webster, Daniel ; farmer; 5 m w Newport P. O. Born in Law- 
rence county; settled in V. C. 1864. Rep. 

Whitiner, V. E.; Newport. Born in Pa. 1839; settled in V. C. 
1873. Dem. Protestant. 

White, S.; farmer and saw miller; 1 % m s w Newport. Born 
in Ohio 1823; settled in V. C. 1873. 

Wiltermood, Henry; farmer; 2^ m s Newport. Born in Ind. 
1 821; settled in V. C. 1831. 

Wiltermood, G. W.; farmer; 2 l / 2 m s Newport. Born in V. C. 
1843. 



VERMILLION TOWNSHIP. 297 

Wiltermood, H. F.; farmer; 2^ m s Newport. Born in V. C. 
1851. 

Wimsett, Jacob; farmer; 2ms Newport. Born in V. C. 1832. 

Weller, George; farmer; 5 mnw Newport. Born in Ind. 1829; 
settled in V. C. 1830. Dem. 

Wallace, Win.; farmer; 5J m n w Newport. Born in Ohio 
1817; settled in V. C. 1827. Rep. 

Wallace, James; school teacher. Born in V. C. 1849. Dem. 

Wells, J. F.; merchant; Newport. Born in Ky. 1819; settled 
in V. C. 1838. United Brethren. 

Washburn, Wm. O.; attorney at law; Newport. Born in Vigo 
county 1844; settled in V. C. 1852. Radical. Presb. 

Walthall, Thomas; farmer; Newport P. O. Rep. Friend. 

Walthall, Wm.; farmer; Quaker Point. Born in Va. 18 18; set- 
tled in V. C. 1842. Rep. Friend. 

Wade, A. H.; farmer; 6 m w Newport; Dana P. O. Born in 
Ohio 1819; settled in V. C. 1857. Dem. Methodist. 



ZENER, ADAM; farmer; Newport P. O. Born in Ky. 1803; 
came to Clark county in 18 12, and to V. C. in 1826. Rep. 
Methodist. 



298 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 



This Township is bounded on the north by Warren county, 
on the south by Eugene township, on the east by the Wabash 
river, and on the west by the boundary line of Illinois. It is 
watered by Spring, Jordan and Jericho creeks, and Coal Branch ; 
all of which take their rise in the north-west, and flow south-east 
to the Wabash river. 

The area of the township, like the others of the county, is 
irregular in its sectional lines, and therefore it varies in both its 
sections and square miles. Its length north and south is from 
eight to nine miles, and its breadth from five to six. 

Its organization dates back to that of the county, in 1824, 
when the red men of the forest were seen incidentally on its 
hunting grounds, as though they were still mournfully lingering 
around the graves of their fathers. 

There are two prairies in this township, Mound Prairie on the 
north and Sand Prairie on the south. The soil is rich, the scen- 
ery beautiful, and the skirting of the bluffs makes the presenta- 
tion highly attractive. 

Thomas Wright, who settled in the township in 1824, is said 
to have brought the first hogs into his neighborhood. It is also 
told of him that he tended his first crop of corn with a single 
ox. He had been possessed of two, but soon after his arrival 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 299 



in the new country one of them sickened and died. It would 
seem that such a misfortune was enough to discourage the stout- 
est heart. There he was, in an unbroken wilderness, with a 
family dependent upon him for support, and his team broken 
up. But without waiting to mourn over his trouble, he patched 
up a set of old harness and tended his crop with the remaining 
ox, thus snatching victory from defeat. 

Among the old and distinguished citizens of this township of 
the olden days none deserves a more honorable mention than 
James Blair. An early settler in the county, he showed him- 
self to be a man of energy and public spirit, and took an active 
part in every enterprise connected with the interests of the 
county. Mr. Blair was a soldier of the war of 18 12, and had 
the honor of serving in the marine corps with Com. O. H. Perry 
in his engagement on Lake Erie, and received a medal from the 
Congress of the United States in testimony of his gallantry. 
He laid off the town of Perrysville in 1826, which he named in 
memory of his brave Commander, whom he long outlived. 
He died in the year 1861. 

John Chenewith came to this county in 1824, and settled in 
this township on the waters of the Wabash, where he estab- 
lished himself as a farmer and raised his family, one of as many 
substantial and intelligent qualities as any in the township. He 
died in 1857. Thomas Chenewith, of this family, was a mem- 
ber of the Constitutional Convention of 1 85 I , and Isaac Chene- 
with served in the State Senate in the years 1844-5. 

George Hicks is one of the wealthiest farmers in the town- 
ship, and is a son of one of our revolutionary soldiers under 
Washington. 

Thomas Smith is also a wealthy farmer, and a citizen of libera 



300 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



enterprise. He is now erecting one of the finest dwellings in 
the county. 

A story is told of Rev. Joseph S. Barwick, a Methodist 
preacher who once traveled the Perrysville Circuit, that while 
repairing their old church he held one of his meetings in a pork 
house where two of the brethren would not follow him. This 
of course stirred the righteous anger of the preacher, and in his 
prayer he prayed, "Lord bless Brother Jones and Brother Rose- 
burgh and convert them over again. As for me and my house 
we are not ashamed to worship thee in a pork house, but they 
are. " The brethren were a iittle huffy over the prayer, but 
"Joe" didn't care worth a cent. 

Perrysville, the capital town of Highland township, is situated 
on the west bank of the Wabash River, and one mile north-east 

of the Evansville, Terre Haute & Chicago Railroad. Being sur- 
rounded with a rich and productive country, as an inland village 
it has always been a place of considerable business. 

There are now in the place four dry goods and two drug 
stores, four grocery stores, one foundry, one woolen mill, one 
carriage factory. 

The "Perrysville Stove and Machine Works" is worthy of 
special notice. The proprietors, H. S. Comingore & Son, have 
engaged chiefly in stove manufacturing, and the article they are 
making meets the public wishes, and sells extensively over all 
this part of the county. 

The woolen mill of Riggs & Hepburn turns out blankets, 
jeans, flannels and yarns of a prime quality and well manufac- 
tured. They are doing a large and profitable business. 

The place is well supplied with physicians. The oldest is Dr. 
E. T. Spottswood, who has been in practice here since 1823. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 30I 



Dr. Lewis Frazee came in 1863; Dr. L. S. Baxter, Dr. D. B. 
Johnson and Dr. George M. D. Frazee ; the two latter began in 
1870. They constitute an intelligent class of physicians for 
such a quiet place. 
Population 700. 

Gessie is a new town on the E. , T. H. & C. R. R., having 
been laid off in March, 1872, by Robert J. Gessie, from whom 
it is named. Mr. Gessie was born in Cumberland county, Pa., 
in 1809, an d emigrated to Columbus, Bartholomew county, in 
1833. In August, 1837, h e removed to Perrysville, in this 
county, where he engaged for a time in selling goods, but has 
been living on his farm, near the present town of Gessie, since 
1847. 

This town is located five miles north-west of Perrysville, in the 
midst of a fine farming country, and is altogether a thriving vil- 
lage. The morality of the neighborhood is evinced by the fact 
that no intoxicating liquors are allowed to be sold within its 
limits. Among its improvements are a steam grist-mill, the M. 
E. Church, and a substantial school building. 

CHURCHES. 

M. E. Church, at Perrysville; T. C. Stringer, pastor; number 
of members, 160; number attending Sabbath school, 100; super- 
intendent, Joseph Benton ; value of church property, including 
parsonage, $5000. 

United Brethren Church, at Perrysville; Rev. J. W. Nye, pas- 
tor; number of members, 97; number attending Sabbath school, 
1 10; superintendent, J. W. Nye; value of church property, 
$2060. 

Howard Chapel M. E. Church ; two miles north of Gessie ; 



302 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Rev. W. G. Vessels, pastor; number of members, 35 ; number 
attending Sabbath school, 40; superintendent, Horatio Talbot; 
value of church property, $1500. 

M. E. Church, of Gessie ; Rev. W. G. Vessels, pastor; num- 
ber of members, 15; number attending Sabbath school, 40; su- 
perintendent, J. A. Lewis; value of church property, $2,000. 

Cross Roads United Brethren Church ; two miles west of Per- 
rysville ; J. W. Nye, pastor; number of members, 50; number 
attending Sabbath school, 60; superintendent, Daniel Pettigrew; 
value of church property, $1500. 

Presbyterian Church, at Perrysville; number of members, 22; 
value of church property, $1500. 

M. E. Church; four miles north of Perrysville; Rev. T. C. 
Stringer, pastor; number of members, 20; number attending 
Sabbath school, 46; superintendent, D. Briles. 

Hopewell Regular Baptist Church, two miles north of Gessie ; 
Rev. Samuel Johnson, pastor; number of members, 30; value 
of church property, $800. 

Unity Lodge, No. 344, F. and A. M.; number of members, 
30; J. F. Compton, W. M.; W. L. Rayborn, Secretary. 

Charity Lodge, No. 32, I. O. O. F.; number of members, 14; 
John Dunlap, N. G.; Richard Curtis, Secretary. 

Waterloo Grange, No. 118, P. of H.; four miles north of Per- 
rysville; number of members, 73; organized April, 1873; Jas. 
R. Dunlap, Master; Milton Wright, Secretary. 

Highland Grange, No. 228, P. of H.; at school house No* 3; 
seven miles north of Perrysville ; Isaac Rouse, Master ; George 
Sparks, Secretary. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 303 



Gessie Grange, No. 1079, P- ofH.; number of members, 36; 
J. R. Johnson, Master ; H. A. Fox, Secretary. 

SCHOOL REPORT. 

Number of school houses in township, 12 ; number of pupils 
enrolled in township, 888; average attendance at school, 351; 
number of teachers — male 10, female 5 ; average daily compen- 
sation of teachers — male $2.44; female $2.40; value of school 
property in township, $30,000. William Ferguson, Trustee. 

Highland Graded School ; number of pupils attending during 
the year, 300; value of school buildings, $15,000. J. F. Comp- 
ton, Principal. 

DIRECTORY OF HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 

Anderson, C. W.; boot and shoemaker (jour, workman); Per- 
rysville. Born in Ohio 18 17; settled in V. C. 1874. Rep. 
Universalist. 

ADAMS, JOHN L.; house moving, raising and squaring; Per- 
rysville. Born in 111. 1845; settled in V. C. 1866. 

Ayres, Charles D.; boot and shoemaker; Perrysville. Born in 
Pa. 1820; settled in V. C. 1848. 

Ayers, G. F.; school teacher; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1852. Rep. 



Bocker, F. W. ; tanner; ij4 m n Perrysville. Born in Germany 

1837. 

Briles, Daniel; farmer; 4 m n Perrysville. Born in Ind. 1827; 
settled in V. C. 1841. Rep. Methodist. 



304 VERMILLION COUNTY 



Bramar, Henry; farmer; 7 miles e Danville. Born in Prussia 
1857; settled in V. C. 1868. 

BARNES, J. A.; physician and surgeon; Gessie. Born in Ind. 
1846; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Methodist. 

Bowman, Moses; farmer; 1^ m w Gessie. Born in Va. 181 1; 
settled in V. C. 1829. 

Bennet, David; farmer; 6% m e Danville. Born in Pa. 1820; 
settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Methodist. 

Bensinker, Solomon; wagon maker; 3 m w Perrysville. Born 
in Pa. 1807; settled in V. C. 1862. Dem. U. Brethren. 

Beauchamp, John W.; farmer; 5 m w Perrysville. Born in 
Ohio 1 821; settled in V. C. 1826. 

Betyer, Jacob; farmer; 2]/ 2 m s w Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1805; settled in V. C. 1831. Rep. 

BAXTER, L. S. ; physician and surgeon; Perrysville. Born in 
V. C. 1844. Rep. Protestant. 

Boyd, John; farmer; Perrysville. Born in Ind. 1829; settled in 
V. C. 1872. Dem. Missionary Baptist 

Boyles, Charles E.; attorney at law ; Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1846. 

Berry, O. J.; general dealer in groceries, notions and wooden 
ware; Perrysville. Born in Ind. 1831 ; settled in V. C. 
1835- 

BRUMMETT, CAMPBELLS.; blacksmith; Perrysville. Born 
in Term. 1827; settled in V. C. 1863. Rep. Christian. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 305 



BRUMMETT, W. A.; farmer; Perrysville. Bora in Ind. 1855; 
settled in V. C. 1863. Rep. Methodist. 

BROWN, S. H.; foreman in Perrysville cooper shop; Perrys- 
ville. Born in Tenn. 181 8; settled in V. C. 1847. Rep. 
United Brethren. 

BOLLE, FREDERICK ; farmer ; 1 m n Perrysville. Born in 
Germany 1826; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Presb. 

BARNETT, MISS ISABELLE; farmer; 3 | miles s w Perrys- 
ville. Born in V. C. 1845. Rep. 

Beauchamp, Andrew; farmer; 3 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1828. Methodist. 

Butler, John ; farmer; 2^ms Perrysville. Born in Ohio 18 16; 
settled in V. C. 1836. Dem. Methodist. 

Butler, Lewis; farmer; 2ms Perrysville. Born in Ohio 18 13 ; 
settled in V. C. 1836. Dem. 

Blunt, James ; farmer ; 1 ^ m s Perrysville. Born in Wales in 
1833; settled in V. C. i860. 

Bawsman, John ; firm of J. Bawsman & Co.; saw mills ; 2^ m 
s w Gessie. Born in Ohio 1834; settled in V. C. 1871. 

Bawsman, T. J.; saw mill; 2|msw Gessie. Born in Ohio 1838;, 
settled in V. C. 1871. 



Currant, J. R. ; farmer; 8 m e Danville, 111. Born in Ind. 
20 



306 VERMILLION COUNTY, 



COMPTON, J. F.; dealer in hardware and groceries ; firm of 
Compton & Lowe ; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1836; set- 
tled in V. C. 1862. Rep. Methodist. 

Compton, F. M.; salesman; Perrysville. Born in Ind. 1852; 
settled in V. C. 1873. 

Calliham, Emanuel; engineer; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1825; 
settled in V. C. 1832. 

COMINGORE, H. S.; proprietor Perrysville Stave and Ma- 
chine Works; with H. S. Comingore & Son; Perrysville. 
Born in Ky. 18 17; settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. Presb. 

COMINGORE, D. W.; firm of H. S. Comingore & Son; Per- 
rysville. Born in Ind. 1839; settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. 
Methodist. 

CRAWLEY, JOHN ; machinist ; Perrysville. 

Collins, W. A.; miller; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1822; set- 
tled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 

Chenoweth, Hiram; farmer; ^ m s Perrysville. 

CHENOWETH, LEMON; farmer; ^ m s Perrysville. Born 
in Ohio 1817; settled in V. C. 1825. Rep. 

Carter, M. B.; farmer; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1832. 

Clayton, James ; farmer; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1836; set- 
tled in V. C. 1870. Dem. United Brethren. 

CHEZEM, CHARLES; farmer; 2% m s w Perrysville. Born 
in Ind. 1827; settled in V. C. 1837. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 307 



Cade, Henry E.; farmer; 2 m n w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1835. Dem. 

Cossey, Peter; farmer; 1 m e Gessie. Born in Md. 1812; set- 
tled in V. C. 1832. 

Carithers, F. M.; farmer; ij m w Gessie. Born in V. C. 1837. 
Rep. 

Cole, Calvin; farmer; 4 m w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1838. 

Crippen, Peter; farmer; 6J m s w Perrysville. Born in Ohio. 

Craigmile, William; carpenter and joiner; Perrysville. 

Chenoweth, William ; farmer ; i)(msw Perrysville. Born in 
Ohio 1823; settled in V. C. 1832. Rep. 

Chenoweth, Ferdinand; farmer; i|msw Perrysville. Born in 
V. C. 185 1. Rep. 

CHISLER, J. T.; carpenter and joiner ; Perrysville. Born in 
Pa. 1839; settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. 

Caywood, Wm., engineer; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1830; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. 

CUSHMAN, W. J.; general merchandising; firm of Smith and 
Cushman. Born in V. C. 1846. 

Cunningham, John; farmer; 6 miles e Danville. Born in Ind. 
1836; settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. Protestant 

Carithers, John; farmer; 1 mile w Gessie. Born in Ohio 1824; 
settled in V. C. 1832. 



308 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Carithers, Wm. P.; farmer; I mw Gessie. Born in V. C. 1853. 

Creviston, Will. W.; farmer; 6 m e Danville. Born in Ind. 
1850; settled in V. C. 1859. R- e P- Protestant. 

Carithers, Henry; farmer; 3 miles n e Gessie. Born in V. C. 
1832. 

Cansey, James; farmer; ^ m e Gessie. Born in V. C. 1850. 
Cade, David; farmer; 1? m s Gessie. Born in V. C. 1833. Dem. 



Dye, George; carpenter and joiner; Gessie. 

Dunlap, Samuel; salesman; Perrysville. Born in Ireland 1843; 
settled in V. C. 1863. 

Dennis, Capt. Andrew ; retired boatman ; Perrysville. Born in 
N. J. 1801; settled in V. C. 1835. Rep. 

DAVIS, JOHN; butcher; firm of Davis & McCormick, Butch- 
ers' Meat Market; Perrysville. Born in England 1821 ; 
settled in V. C. 1866. 

DUNLAP, JOHN ; merchant clothier, furnishing goods, etc. ; 
Perrysville. Born in Ireland 1808; settled in V. C. 1837. 

DUNBAR, SOL. G.; house, sign, carriage and ornamental 
painter; Perrysville. Born in S. C. 1822; settled in V. C. 
1856. Dem. Universalist. 

Doring, J. R. ; proprietor of tanyard ; 1^ m n Perrysville. 
Born in Germany 1829; settled in V. C. 1862. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 3O9 



Dolsen, Jacob L. ; farmer; 2^(mn Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1848; settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. Protestant. 

DUNLAP, J. R. ; farmer and grazier; 4i m n Perrysville. Born 
in V. C. 1838. Rep. 

Davis, J. M.; merchant, and dealer in groceries; Gessie. Born 
in Ind. 1844; settled in V. C. 1872. 

Dutton, H. C; dealer in nursery of fruit and evergreen trees, 
etc. Born in N. Y. 1828; settled in V. C. i860. 

Davidson, N. W.; medical student; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1844. Dem. Universalist. 

Davis, J. H.; carpenter and contractor; Gessie. Born in Ind. 
1842; settled in V. C. 1870. 



Elberson, James M.; carriage manufacturer; Perrysville. Born 
in Ohio 18 15; settled in V. C. 185 1. Rep. Protestant. 

Elberson, A. G.; salesman; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1839; 
settled in V. C. 1855. Rep. Universalist. 

Elberson, S. B.; house painter; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1842; 
settled in V. C. 1855. Rep. Protestant. 

EVANS, JOHN M.; music teacher, and labors as a miner; 
Perrysville. Born in R. I. 1846; settled in V. C. 1871. 

Ehud, Hughs; farmer; 2 m n e Gessie. Born in Va. 18 17; set- 
tled in V. C. 1828. Dem. R. Baptist. 



10 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



FRAZEE, LEWIS; physician and surgeon; Perrysville. Born 
in N. J. 1 8 1 5 ; settled in V. C. 1863. Rep. Universalist. 

FRAZEE, G., M. D.; physician and surgeon; Perrysville. Born 
in N. J. 1844; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Protestant. 

FERGUSON, HERBERT; retired from business; Perrysville. 
Born in Va. 1799; settled in V. C. 1831. Rep. Pres. 

Fulton, J. S. ; farmer; 7 m e Danville, 111. Born in Ind. 1852; 
settled in V. C. 1868. 

FLESH MAN, AMOS, farmer; 2% m n w Perrysville. Born 
in Ind. 1822; settled in V. C. 1827. 

Fox, Hugh A. farmer; 2 m n e Gessie. Born in Ohio 1842; 
settled in V. C. 1865. Dem. Protestant. 

Fox, John L. ; farmer; 1% m n e Gessie. Born in Ohio 18 18; 
settled in V. C. 1858. 

FERGUSON, W. T. ; farmer; 2^ m n w Perrysvile. Born in 
V. C. 1832. 

Fultz, William V.; wagon maker; 3? m s w Perrysville. Born 
in Ohio 18 17; settled in V. C. 1825. Rep. Universalist. 

Fleming, James ; farmer ; 6| m s w Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1834; settled in V. C. 1840. Dem. 

Fleming, John; farmer; 4 m n w Eugene. Born in Ohio 1820; 
settled in V. C. 1840. Dem. 

Fleming, Isaac; farmer; 4 m n w Eugene. Born in Ohio 1822; 
settled in V. C. 1840. Dem. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 3II 



GIVENS, JACOB; dealer in boots, shoes, and manufacturer of 
custom work ; Perrysville. Born in Va. 18 15 ; settled in 
V. C. 1833. Rep. 

Griffith, James; minister; Perrysville. Born in N. Y. 1798; set- 
tled in V. C. 1854. United Brethren. 

Goff, S. C; farmer; 3 m n e Gessie. Born in V. C. 1845. 

GOFF, HILANDER; farmer; 2]/^ m n e Gessie. Born in V. 
C. 1834. 

Grouty, Elias; farmer; 1 m n Gessie. Born in V. C. 1833. 

Gouty, Thomas; farmer; I m n Gessie. Born in V. C. 1854. 
Methodist. 

Gadberry, Joseph; farmer; 4^ m n w Perrysville. Born in Ky. 
1834; settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. M. Baptist. 

GOFF, DAVID ; farmer; 3 m n e Gessie. Born in Conn. 1799; 
settled in V. C. 1823. R. Baptist. 

Gumper, John; farmer; |mse Gessie. 

GESSIE, ROBERT J.; formerly a merchant in Perrysville. 
Was born in Cumberland county, Pa., in 1800; came to 
Columbus, Bartholomew county, in 1833, an< ^ to Perrys- 
ville, Vermillion county, in August, 1837 J nas been living 
on his farm near the town of Gessie since the year 1847. 
Republican. 



Hughs, Calvin; farmer; 25^ m s w Perrysville. Born in Va. 
1826; settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. Methodist. 



312 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Hansicker, G. S.; farmer; 2^ m w Perrysville. Born in Va. 
1792; settled in V. C. 1822. Rep. 

Hansicker, H. C; carpenter and contractor; 2*4 m w Perrys- 
ville. Born in V. C. 1832. Rep. United Brethren. 

HICKS, GEORGE; formerly a merchant and pork packer at 

Perrysville; farmer; f m w Perrysville. Born in Mass. 1795; 
settled in V. C. 1822. Rep. 

HICKS, GEORGE R.; farmer; ^ m w Perrysville. Born in 
V. C. 1842. 

HAIN, JACOB; farmer; 2^ m s w Perrysville. Born in Pa. 
1799; settled in V. C. 1822. Rep. 

Hain, William; farmer; 25^ m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1838. Rep. Baptist. 

Hain, Samuel; farmer; 2]/ 2 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1848. Rep. 

Hain, James; farmer; 2^ m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
185 1. Rep. 

Hughes, William; farmer; ^ m e Gessie. Born in V. C. 1830. 

Hughes, John; farmer; y± m e Gessie. Born in V. C. 1851. 

Hughes, Harvey; farmer; ^ m e Gessie. Born in V. C. 1849. 

Hoobler, John; minister of U. B. Church. Born in Pa. 1801; 
settled in V. C. 1832. 

HIKES, THOMAS; farmer; l/l m se Gessie. Born in V.C. 1836. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 313 



Harrison, T. H.; farmer; 2\ m s w Gessie. Born in Va. 1S10; 
settled in V. C. 1835. Rep. Methodist. 

Hunt, Harvey; farmer; I m s e Gessie. Born in Ind. 1820; 
settled in V. C. 1827. 

Hines, Solomon; farmer; \\ m s Gessie. Born in 1826. 

Hines, Samuel; farmer; I \ m s Gessie. Born in V. C. 1850. 

Hold, L. D.; wagonmaker; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1828; 
settled in V. C. 1851. Rep. United Brethren. 

HEPBURN, MARTIN; proprietor Perrysville Woolen Factory; 
firm of Riggs & Hepburn; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1843. 

Hunt, Florence W.; dealer in boots and shoes; Perrysville. 
Born in R. I. 1840; settled in V. C. 1871. Independent. 

Hansicker, Mrs. Ellen; milliner; Perrysville. 

Harris, Samuel; farmer; 5 3,^ m n w Perrysville. Born in Va. 
1S19; settled in V. C. 1838. Rep. Protestant. 

HALL, W. T. ; physician and surgeon; Gessie. Born in Ind 
1 841; settled in V. C. 1870. Rep. Protestant. 

Hurley, J. W.; carpenter and contractor; Gessie. Born in Pa. 
1842; settled in V. C. 1873. 

Harris, B. F.; farmer; 3^ m n w Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1827; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Christian. 

HAIX, JOHN; farmer; 4 \ m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1836. Rep. 



3H VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Hughs, Hiram; farmer; 5 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1848. 

Head, Albert; livery stable; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1834; 
settled in V. C. 1846. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Haven, H. B. ; house, sign and wagon painter; Perrysville. 
Born in V. C. 1835. Rep. 

Haley, John; railroad worker; y 2 m s e Gessie. Born in Ire- 
land 1840; settled in V. C. 1873. 



ISLER, G. J.; proprietor billiard hall; Perrysville. Born in 
Va. 1833; settled in V. C. 1870. 



Jones, James M. ; farmer; 4J m w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1845. Dem. 

Jones, H. H.; farmer; 5 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1849. Dem. 

Jones, M. P.; farmer; 4J m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1851. Dem. 

Johnson, John; farmer; 3 m w Perrysville. 

Jones, R. C. ; farmer; 2^ m w Perrysville. Born in Va. 1836. 
settled in V. C. 1861. Rep. U. Brethren. 

JOHNSON, D. B.; physician and dealer in drugs and medi- 
cines; Perrysville. Born in Va. 1839; settled in V. C. 
1870. Rep. Protestant. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 315 



JONES, WM. M.; saddle and harness manufacturer; Perrys- 
ville. Born in Ohio 1825; settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. 

Johnson, Asa; farmer; i^mw Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1821; 
settled in V. C. 1850. Rep. Protestant. 

Johnson, Lewis H.; college student; 2 m n Gessie. Born in 
Ind. 1853; settled in V. C. 1870. 

Johnson, A. J.; farmer; 2 m n e Gessie. Born in Ind. 1848; 
settled in V. C. 1872. 

Johnson, J. R., farmer; 2 m n e Gessie. Born in Ind. 1844; 
settled in V. C. 1872. Indpt. 

Johnson, Samuel C.; farmer; 2 m n e Gessie. Born in Ind. 
1 8 16; settled in V. C. 1872. Predestinarian Baptist. 

Jones, Solomon; farmer; 4J m s e Perrysville. Born in Tenn. 
18 1 2; settled in V. C. 1831. Dem. 



Kespler, Edward C. ; farmer; 1 m n Perrysville. Born in Ger- 
many 1837; settled in V. C. 1867. Rep. 

Kespler, Frederick; farmer; 1 m n Perrysville. Born in Ger- 
many 1841; settled in V. C. 1867. 

Kespler, Conrad; farmer; 1 m n Perrysville. Born in Germany 
18 13; settled in V. C. 1867. Rep. 

King, Isaac; farmer; 6 m e Danville, 111. Born in Ohio 1822; 
settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. Protestant. 



3l6 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



KIRKPATRICK, JOHN S.; proprietor of the Florence Mills; 
Gessie. Born in Ky. 1812; settled in V. C. 1833. Rep. 
Methodist. 

KIRKPATRICK, W. H.; miller; Gessie. Born in V. C. 1850. 
Rep. Protestant. 



LOWE, J. T. ; general dealer in hardware and groceries; firm of 
Compton & Lowe; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1847. Rep. 

Lockett, DavidS.; salesman; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1850. 

Lewsader, Snowden; farmer; 1 yi m n Perrysville. Born in Ind. 
1849; settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. Protestant. 

Lewsader, Homer; farmer; \y 2 m n Perrysville. Born in Ind. 
1853; settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. Protestant. 

Lewsader, John ; farmer ; 1 y 2 m n Perrysville. Born in Ind. 
1855; settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. Protestant. 

Lacey, Elisha A.; farmer; 2^ m s w Covington. Born in N. 
Y. 1844; settled in V. C. 1846. Indpt. Soul Sleeper. 

Luke, Charles F. ; boot and shoe shop ; Gessie. Born in Mich. 
1855; settled in V. C. 1874. 

Lewis, James J.; farmer; 6 m e Danville, 111. Born in Md. 
1805; settled in V. C. 1837. Rep. Methodist. 

Lewis, S. B.; farmer; 6 m e Danville, 111. Born in V. C. 1853. 
Rep. Methodist. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 317 



Laker, F. W.; farmer; 6me Danville, 111. Born in Prussia 
1 8 19; settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. Lutheran. 

Lewis, J. A.; farmer; 1 m n Gessie. Born in Ind. 1835; settled 
in V. C. 1837. Re P- Methodist. 



McKNIGHT, L. A.; general merchandising; firm of McKnight r 
Stephens & Co.; Gessie. Born in Ohio 1846; settled in 
V. C. 1874. Rep. Universalist. 

McKIBBEN, J. C; proprietor of hack line from Perrysville to- 
depot. Born in 111. 1831; settled in V. C. 1871. Rep. 

Morgan, L. A.; dealer in groceries; Perrysville. Born in N.Y. 
1836; settled in V. C. 1848. 

Metier, C. W. ; blacksmith; Perrysville. Born in Ind. 1853; 
settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Protestant. 

McCORMACK, SMITH; Butchers' Meat Market; firm of Mc- 
Cormack & Davis ; Perrysville. Born in 111. 1837; settled 
in V. C. 1847. K- e P- 

Mosbarger, Isaac ; farmer; ]/ 2 m n Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1 8 19. 

Miller, Joseph; farmer and plasterer; i|mn Perrysville. Born 
in Switzerland. 

Mitchell, T. J.; farmer; 2^ m n Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1835. Indpt. 



3 l8 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Miller, John; boot and shoemaker; Gessie. Born in Ohio 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1874. 

Martin, Wm.; farmer; 6 m e Danville. Born in V. C. 1839. 
Dem. Protestant. 

Mitchell, Zachariah; farmer; 4f m n w Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1845. 

Mitchell, Thomas J.; farmer; 4% m n w Perrysville. Born in 
Ohio 1808; settled in V. C. 1830. Dem. Newlight. 

Mitchell, Elias; farmer; 4^ m n w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1853- 

Moffat, W. B. ; telegraph operator and freight agent; Perrys- 
ville. Born in Ind. 1822; settled in V. C. 1838. 

MOORE, NATHAN C; farmer; 3^ m s w Perrysville. Born 
in V. C. 1837. Rep. 

MOORE, EZEKIEL; farmer; 5 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1835. Rep. 

MOORE, WALLACE ; farmer; 3 m n w Eugene. Born in V. 
C. 1840. Dem. 

Morris, Richard; blacksmith; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1821; 
settled in V. C. 1826. 

Mack, G. L.; farmer; \y 2 m s Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1831; 
Dem. United Brethren. 

Moore, C. ; farmer; 4 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 319 



Mosburger, D. M.; brick maker; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1844. 

METZGER, REZIN ; hotel keeper, and proprietor livery, feed 
and sale stables; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1837. Rep. 
Protestant. 

Moffatt, Robert D. ; retired merchant; Perrysville. Born in N. 
J. 1812; settled in V. C. 1826. 

McNEILL, GEORGE H.; dealer in drugs, clocks, watches and 
notions; firm of G. H. McNeill & Sons; Perrysville. Born 
in Md. 18 1 8; settled in V. C. 1836. Rep. 

McNEILL, W. K.; firm of G. H. McNeill & Sons; Perrysville. 
Born in V. C. 1848. Rep. Protestant. 

McNEILL, M. M.; firm ofG. H. McNeill & Sons; Perrysville. 
Born in V. C. 1845. Rep. Methodist. 

McNEILL, JOHN R. ; farmer; ]/ 2 m n Perrysville. Born in 
Md. 181 1 ; settled in V. C. 1836. Indpt. 

McNeill, Albert; farmer; x / 2 m n Perrysville. Born in 111. 1852; 
settled in V. C. 1859. Re P- 

McNeil, J. B.; farmer; y 2 m n Perrysville. Born in 111. 1855; 
settled in V. C. 1859. 

McClintock, R. M.; carriage and wagon maker; Gessie. Born 
in Ohio 1836; settled in V. C. 1857. Re P- Protestant. 



320 VERMILLION COUNTY 



NYE, J. W.; minister of U. B. Church. Born in N. Y. 1838; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 

Nicholas, J. H.; farmer; 3 m n Gessie. Born in V. C. 1848. 
Rep. Protestant. 

Nicholas, William; farmer; 3 m n Gessie. Born in Va. 1809; 
settled in V. C. 1829. Rep. Protestant. 

Nolen, T. J.; farmer; 5 J m w Covington. Born in V. C. 1842. 
Republican. 

Neel, C. S.; farmer; 1 m n w Gessie. Born in V. C. 1855. 

Nicum, William; farmer; 3 m w Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1818; settled in V. C. 1872. 

Neil, John; farmer; 4 m w Perrysville. 

NEWEL, JOHN T.; farmer; 4I m s w Perrysville. Born in 
Va. 1824; settled in V. C. 1850. Rep. 



Olney, Almon ; farmer; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1822; set- 
tled in V. C. 1847. Re P- Protestant 



Pheneger, Benjamin; farmer; 4 m s w Perrysville. 

Paine, Dudley; farmer; 1 m w Perrysville. Born in Ind. 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1858. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 321 

Powers, Wilson ; farmer ; 6 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1845. 

Powers, David ; farmer ; 6 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1849. 

Pettegrem, Daniel; farmer; 2]^ m s Perrysville. Born in Ind. 
1836; settled in V. C. 1843. Rep. United Brethren. 

PARKE, HENRY ; farmer; 3I ra s w Perrysville. Born in V. 

C. 1833. Rep. United Brethren. 

PATTERSON, D. W. ; blacksmith and wagon maker; firm of 
J. D. Patterson & Co.; Perrysville. Born in Va. 1827; set- 
tled in V. C. 1869. Rep. United Brethren. 

PATTERSON, J. D.; blacksmith and wagon maker; firm of J. 

D. Patterson & Co.; Perrysville. Born in Va. 1823; set- 
tled in V. C. 1869. Rep. United Brethren. 

Peterson, Mark; dyer; Perrysville. Born in England 1827. 

Palmer, W. B. ; farmer and carpenter; 1 m n Perrysville. Born 
in V. C. 1827. Rep. Protestant. 

Parks, Wilson ; farmer ; 1 y 2 m n Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1843. Dem. Protestant. 

PRATHER, JAMES A.; salesman in GRANGE STORE; 
Gessie. Born in Ky. 18 14; settled in V. C. 1830. Rep. 
Christian. 
21 



322 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Pritchard, G. M.; farmer; I m s Gessie. Born in Ohio 1837; 
settled in V. C. 1863. 

Prather, Isaac W. ; farmer ; 2 m n w Gessie. Born in V. C. 
1852. 



Rayse, H. F.; blacksmith; Perrysville. Born in Ind. 1852; set- 
tled in V. C. 1874. 

Roberts, Daniel; farmer; ^ ms Perrysville. Born in Ind. 
1849; settled in V. C. 1865. Dem. 

Rudy, Martin B. ; farmer; 1^ m s Perrysville. Born in Pa. 
1832; settled in V. C. 1834. 

Rudy, Jacob; farmer; if ras Perrysville. Born in Switzerland 
1818; settled in V. C. 1834. 

Robinson, John E.; farmer; Perrysville. Born in N. C. 1825; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Rouse, Isaac; farmer; 6 m s e Danville, 111. Born in Ohio 1822; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. 

Rabourn, Fielding; farmer; 7 m e Danville, 111. Born in Ky. 
1815; settled in V. C. 1832. Dem. Regular Baptist. 

RILEY, F. M.; farmer; 5! m s e Danville, 111. Born in V. C. 
1844. 

Rodgers, J. M.; farmer; 6 m e Danville, 111. Born in N. H. 
18 1 5; settled in V. C. 1825. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 323 

Rodgers, S. A.; farmer; 3 m n w Gessie. Born in III. 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1847. 

Ricketts, W. H.; farmer; 3 m n e Gessie. Born in V. C. 1851. 

REYNOLDS, E. N.; farmer; i|mse Gessie. Born in Md. 
1804; settled in V. C. 1830. 

REYNOLDS, G. H.; farmer; ifrase Gessie. Born in V. C. 
1835- 

RUDY, MILO J.; farmer; 4|ms w Penysville. Born in V. 
C. 1839. Dem. 

RABB, SMITH; post master, and boot and shoe shop; Penys- 
ville. Born in Ohio 1822; settled in V. C. 1846. Rep. 
Protestant. 

RIGGS & HEPBURN ; proprietors PERRYSVILLE WOOL- 
EN FACTORY ; Penysville. 

RIGGS, B. W. ; general merchandising ; Perrysville. Born in 
Ohio 182 1; settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. Methodist. 

Rutledge, George ; carder and spinner ; Perrysville. Born in 
Mass. 1832. 

Ruhl, Joseph; barber; Perrysville. Born in Texas 1835; settled 
in V. C. 1869. Dem. Protestant. 

RUNYON, JAMES; farmer; 2 m n Perrysville. Born in Ky. 
1844; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Protestant. 

RUNYON, DANIEL R.; farmer; 2 m n Perrysville. Born in 
Ky. 1802; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. M. Baptist. 



324 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Ross, Thompson ; farmer ; 3 m n Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1824. Dem. Protestant. 



Smith, FrankS.; bookkeeper; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1852. 

Sanders, L. C. ; salesman; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1846. 
Rep. 

Smith, J. F.; proprietor telegraph flouring mills and grain ware- 
house; Perrysville. Born in Va. 1812; settled in V. C. 1833. 

Skiner, William ; farmer ; 2 m w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1839. 

Smith, Hanson ; farmer ; 5 m w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1833. 

Shaw, Hiram; farmer; 5 m sw Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1805; 
settled in V. C. 1826. Rep. Methodist. 

Stephens, Thomas W.; farmer; 3^ m n w Eugene. Born in 
Ind. 1836; settled in V. C. 1856. Rep. 

Shaw, Caleb; farmer; 6 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 1847. 
Rep. 

Shaw, E. G. ; farmer; 5 y 2 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1830. 

Smith, T. H.; merchant; firm of T. H. Smith & Bro.; Perrys- 
ville. Born in Va. 1816; settled in V. C. 1833. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 325 



Smith, Will F.; merchant; firm ofT. H. Smith & Bro.; Perrys- 
ville. Born in 1S14; settled. in V. C. 1833. 

Sheier, John; farmer; 5^mse Danville, 111. 

Stutler, J. S.; farmer; 2 m n Gessie. Born in Ohio 1820; settled 
in V. C. 1829. 

Shute, Ephraim ; farmer; 2mn Gessie. Born in Ohio 1827; 
settled in V. C. 1831. Rep. Protestant. 

Smith, James; farmer; 3 m n e Gessie. Born in Ind. 1834; set- 
tled in V. C. 1866. 

Swicher, Alexander; farmer; 2^ m n e Gessie. Born in Illinois 
1842; settled in V. C. 1868. 

Strain, John G.; farmer; 3 m w Perrysville. Born in 111. 1843; 
settled in V. C. 1871. Rep. 

Stutler, W. H.; farmer; \]/ 2 m w Gessie. Born in V. C. 1842. 

Stutler, P. F.; farmer; 2 m n w Perrysville. Born in V.C. 1848. 

Stanffer, Abraham; carpenter and joiner; Perrysville. Born in 
Va. 1 8 19; settled in V. C. 1848. 

Saltesgaver, Henry; farmer; 1 m n Gessie. Born in V. C. 1836. 
Methodist. 

Shute, Daniel; farmer; \\ m n w Gessie. Born in Ohio 1820; 
settled in V. C. 1830. 

Shute, David; farmer; if m n vv Gessie. Born in V. C. 1849. 



326 VERMILLION O UNTY. 



STEVENS, ELHANAN; farmer and grain dealer; 2 m n w 
Perrysville. Born in Md. j8i6; settled in V. C. 1837. 

Stevens, J. B. Jr.; farmer; 2 m n w Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1851. 

Skinner, Norman; farmer; 3 m n w Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1816; settled in V. C. 1824. 

Skinner, Henry; farmer; 3 m n w Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1825. 

Sanders, Ezekiel; farmer; 2 m n w Perrysville. Born in Va. 
1827; settled in V. C. 1829. 

SMITH, JOSEPH M. ; general merchandising; firm of Smith & 
Cushman; Perrysville. Born in Va. 1833; settled in V. C. 
1853. Rep. 

Shute, John; farmer; 2 m n Gessie. Born in Ohio 1826; settled 
in V. C. 1831. Rep. Methodist. 

Swityer, Wesley; farmer; 5 m w Covington, Fountain county. 
Born in Ohio 1821; settled in V. C. 1834. Rep. Prot. 

Shute, Henry; farmer; 6 m e Danville, 111. Born in V. C. 1846; 
Rep. Protestant. 

Stevens, J. B.; blacksmith; Gessie. Born in Md. 182 1; settled 
in V. C. 1873. Rep. Christian. 

SALTSGAVER, W. H.; druggist; Gessie. Born in V. C. 
1 840. Rep. Protestant. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 327 



STEVENS, MILTON; general merchandising; firm of Mc 
Knight, Stevens & Co.; Gessie. Born in V. C. 1846. 
Rep. 

Shaner, J. S; carpenter and joiner; Gessie. Born in Pa. 1848; 
settled in V. C. 1873. 

STRINGER, THOS. C; pastor of M. E. Church; Perrysville. 
Born in Ind. 1836; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Meth. 

STINGLEY, SAMUEL ; merchant, and proprietor of Perrys- 
ville House; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 18 18; settled in V. 
C. 1839. Dem. Protestant. 

STEPHENS, JACOB S.; farmer; Perrysville. Born in Indiana 
1 821; settled in V. C. 1843. Rep. Protestant. 

SPOTTSWOOD, E. T. ; physician and surgeon ; Perrysville. 
Born in Va. 1827; settled in V. C. 1852. Indept. 

Smith, D. C; merchant; dry goods, hats, caps, boots, shoes, 
queensware, hardware, and groceries; Perrysville. Born in 
V. C. 1843. 

Smith, David ; general merchandising ; firm of T. H. Smith & 
Brothers, Perrysville. Born in Va. 1820; settled in V. C. 

1833. 

Smith, G. H.; farmer; Perrysville. Born in Va. 1819; settled 
in V. C. 1833. 



Tobey, William; farmer; 3J m n Perrysville. 



328 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Triece, Nelson; farmer; 6 m s w Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1845. 

Tate, S. B. ; carpenter and joiner; Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1830. Rep. Methodist. 

TRICCE, GEORGE; farmer; 4^ m s w Perrysville. Born in 
V. C. 1 84 1. Rep. 

Tate, John; undertaker; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 1807; set- 
tled in V. C. 1830. Rep. Methodist. 

Tarrence, W. G. ; furniture dealer and undertaker; Perrysville. 
Born in Pa. 18 14; settled in V. C. 1844. Rep. Meth. 

Trosper, William; farmer; if mw Perrysville. Born in Ky. 
1808; settled in V. C. 1832. 

Truman, Thomas; farmer and grazier; 3! m n Perrysville. Born 
in Ohio 1821; settled in V. C. i860. Dem. 

Talbert, W. D.; farmer; 4m sw Covington. Born in V. C. 
1846. Rep. Protestant. 

TALBET, HENRY ; farmer ; 5 m w Covington. Born in Pa. 
1816; settled in V. C. 1838. Rep. Methodist. 

Talbet, Horatio ; farmer ; 5 m e Danville, 111. Born in V. C. 
1 85 1. Rep. Protestant. 

Tuttle, McGill ; farmer; 3 m w Perrysville. 



HIGHLAND TOWNSHIP. 329 



Virgin, Oliver; saddler and harness maker; Gessie. Born in 
Ind. 1844; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Protestant. 

Volkel, Henry; farmer; 3 m n w Perrysville. Born in Germany 
1837; settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. Presbyterian. 



WRIGHT, PETER L. ; farmer; 2 m w Perrysville. Born in 
Md. 1 821; settled in V. C. 1853. Rep. Methodist. 

Whittenmyer, J. R.; farmer; 1 m w Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1849. 

Webster, Stephen; farmer; 3 J m s w Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1818; settled in V. C. 1857. Re P- 

Webster, J. L.; farmer; 3! m s w Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1855; settled in V. C. 1857. Rep. 

Watt, Samuel; painter and glazier; Perrysville. Born in Ohio 
1813; settled in V. C. 1839. 

Wright, H. C; farmer; 3^ m n Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1840. Protestant. 

Whittenmyer, Benjamin; farmer; 2 m w Perrysville. Born in 
Pa. 1799; settled in V. C. 1827. Rep. U. Brethren. 

Wright, Cyrus; farmer; 3J m n Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1837. Rep. Protestant. 

WRIGHT, MILTON; farmer; 3 m n Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1835. Independent. 



330 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



WRIGHT, STEPHEN; farmer; 5 m n Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1832. Rep. 

Whipple, George; farmer; 1 mswGessie. Born in Ohio 1834; 
settled in V. C. 1867. 

Whittenmyer, Adam; farmer; 4 m n w Perrysville. Born in V. 
C. 1832. Dem. United Brethren. 

Whittenmyer, George; farmer; 4^ m n w Perrysville. Born 
in V. C. 1828. Dem. Protestant. 

Woolf, J. T. ; sawmill; 2y 2 m s w Gessie. Born in Ohio 1829; 
settled in V. C. 1871. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 33 I 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 



This is one of the first townships settled in the county. The 
families of the Groenendykes, Thompsons, Porters, Armouns, 
Colletts, Hepburns, Colemans, Malones, Naylors and Shelbys 
were among the first to settle here, on the Big Vermillion River 
These were the pioneers of this part of the Wabash. 

This township is bounded on the north by Highland town- 
ship, on the east by Fountain and Parke counties — the Wabash 
river being the dividing line, on the south by the township of 
Vermillion, and on the west by the boundry line of Illinois. 
It is from five to six miles wide from east to west, and six miles 
from north to south. To give the exact number of square 
miles in this township would be a somewhat difficult task, as the 
Wabash river boundary is irregular and many of the sections 
fractional. 

The lands are termed rich ; the soil of the river terraces is 
not surpassed by any in the State. That of the uplands, 
though not so rich, is underlaid with almost unlimited coal 
fields, making it richer and ultimately of much greater value 
than the rich alluvial soil of the river bottoms. 

The historical character of this township is more interesting 
than any other of the county. Here were the Indian villages, 
the first trading posts, the Indian battle fields, and the first 
settlements. Here the chief men of the county — the men of 



332 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



the most intelligence and greatest enterprise — first settled. Here 
the first mill of the county was built, and the families of that 
day, multiplied, are those of the present. On the map of the 
township the names of the first pioneers cover section after 
section as the cognomen of large families cover the grave stones 
in the cemeteries of the dead, showing that they have been 
industrious and frugal and careful of their patrimonies, which 
certainly is no little to their credit. 

The village of Eugene, which is the only one in the township, 
was laid off in 1827 by Stephen S. Collett. It is yet but a small 
place, and has the physical misfortune of lying a good mile 
away from the depot of the E., T. H. & C. R. R. Its citizens 
appear satisfied, however, as the distance enables them to sleep 
well of nights, and then it makes it interesting for a hack driver 
or two. Population 300. 

The village is well supplied with stores of different kinds, the 
most prominent being those of W. L. Naylor and Samuel Gro- 
enendyke. Mechanical operations are limited. 

Among the oldest inhabitants are John Hepburn, who came 
here in 1829. Mr. Hepburn is a good sample relic of the vet- 
eran times. Vivacious and full of life, he yet retains the fresh- 
ness of youth, and looks as if he might live to see the millenium 
yet. 

Enoch W. Lane is one of the oldest inhabitants. He is now 
in his 77th year. He was born in Old Town, Ohio, in 1796, 
and came here forty-five years ago. Honorable in life and 
peaceful in spirit, he is waiting for the coming of the eternal 
chariots. 

Samuel W. Malone came here in 1830. He is the hotel 
keeper of the village, and understands his business well. This 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 333 



of itself is a high compliment, for many have tried to make 
landlords of themselves, to the great chagrin of thousands. 

James P. Naylor came to Eugene one year after it was laid 
off. His son, Wm. L. Naylor, is now one of the wealthy citi- 
zens of the community, and a leading merchant. 

Anthony Fable, the present Trustee of the township, is ranked 
among the good men of the village. He understands square 
work, and governs himself accordingly. 

Dr. Eichelberger, though a young man, has succeeded well 
as a physician, and we predict for him an eminent career in his 
profession. There are only two physicians in the place. 

Hon. James Groenendyke, who represented the county in the 
legislative session of 187 1-2, is one of the substantial citizens of 
this county. He resides in Eugene, and gives his attention to 
farming. The intricacies of political life have but few charms 
for him ; albeit he might render his country valuable services in 
this connection, and no doubt do himself much honor. 

In the line of agriculture this township is worthy of a higher 
notice than it has usually received. Whether it is the fault of 
the State Board of Agriculture, or of their own citizens, that 
this county has received but little attention in the annual reports, 
we are not able to say; yet such is the fact. We can learn no- 
thing of Vermillion county in any of these reports, and we are 
led to the conviction that this State concern, like almost every- 
thing else, is run by " a ring." It would probably be better for 
them to swap horses oftener. 

It is a little strange that there is not a Masonic Lodge in this 
township. They once had one here, which numbered 60 or 70 
members, but from some cause its light went out. Alas ! Poor 
Hiram ! 



334 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



The Methodists have a fine church, worth some $3000. They 
have a Union Sabbath school connected with it, of 100 scholars ; 
Milo Hosford, superintendent. 

The Presbyterians have an organization, but no church. 

The old merchant mill, erected long years ago by the Groen- 
endykes, is yet an institution of the country around here. It has 
been greatly improved, and run, as it is, by the water of the Big 
Vermillion, it has fine capacity, and does good work. It is now 
owned by Leonard Ladd. 

There are two coal banks about a mile from Eugene, which 
produce a good article of bituminous coal, but the demand be- 
ing limited they are not worked to any great extent. Good 
building stone is found in the neighborhood in rich abundance ; 
also gravel and iron ore. The soil of this township, like that of 
the county generally, is rich and productive. Bottom lands sell 
here from thirty to sixty dollars per acre. This is certainly 
cheap. 

Big Vermillion runs through the township from the northwest 
to the southeast, the bottom lands of which are among the rich- 
est of the county. There is a very well constructed and sub- 
stantial bridge over this river at Eugene. 

Walnut Grove is a station on the E. T. H. & C. Railroad, in 
this township, and takes its name from a beautiful forest of wal- 
nut trees planted thirty years ago by the Colletts. Hon. John 
Collett resides here, and owns a farm that would, if he was mar- 
ried, place him among the "nobility." 

The shipments from this little station are heavy, amounting to 
175 car loads per annum, of agricultural products. 

This is said to be the native home of the blue grass, which 
was transferred to Kentucky at a very early period. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 335 



The Graded School of Eugene is a credit to the village. The 
house is value.d at $6,000. There are six other school houses 
in the township, valued at $3,000; number of scholars enrolled, 
470 ; admitted to school 377 ; average salary for male teachers, 
per day, $2.72 ; females, $2.00. They have six months school 

Population of the township in 1870, 1,396. 

Vote of the township, 1872, 285. 

Improved lands, 12,664 acres. 

Value of farms and farming implements, $525,791. 

Value of live stock, $47,995. 

Value of all productions, $124,296. 

Bushels of Indian corn raised, 95,432. 

CHURCHES. 

Methodist Episcopal Church, Eugene ; value of church pro- 
perty, $2,500, membership, 25; pastor in charge, Rev. E. Ma- 
son. There is also a union Sabbath school held here, conducted 
by Mr. Hosford as superintendent. Average attendance of Sab- 
bath school, 75. The Trustees of the church are Milo Hosford, 
Edward Brown and J. W. Boyd ; Steward, S. D. Crow. 

Mount Olivet Cumberland Presbyterian Church, three and 
one half miles southwest of Eugene; membership, 30; pastor 
in charge, Rev. James McPherson; elders, John Brewer, B. F. 
Deardorff and N. M. Tutt. 

Christian Church of Eugene, meets at Wm. Naylor's Hall ; 
Rev. A. Boor, pastor; membership, 15; deacons, Leonard 
Ladd and James Fishback. 

LODGES. 

Eugene Council, No. 4, S. of I.; membership, 20; President, 
John Groenendyke ; Vice President, Joseph McClellon ; Trca- 



336 VERMILLION COUNTY, 



surer, Leonard Ladd ; Secretary, J. D. Wallace ; Steward, W. 
P. Brannon ; Assistant Steward, V. A. Wootan ; Lecturer, W. 
L. Naylor ; Inside Sentinel, Daniel Sturm ; Outside Sentinel, 
John W. Craig. 

Live Oak Grange, No. 1584, meets one mile north of Eugene; 
number of members, 22; organized March 7, 1844. Master, 
James B. lies; Secretary, Josiah Campbell; Overseer, Samuel 
D. Crow; Lecturer, William Rheuby ; Steward, James Rudy; 
Assistant Steward, E. Moore ; Treasurer. William W. Moore ; 
Gate Keeper, Jacob H. lies; Ceres, Mrs. Lizzie Moore; Po- 
mona, Mrs. L. Rudy ; Flora, Mrs. Mary Moore ; Assistant 
Steward (lady), Miss Honora lies. 

Farmer's Grange, No. 1677, ne hd three miles southwest of 
Eugene; organized March 12, 1874; Master, N. M. Tutt; Sec- 
retary, S. W. Coffin. 

Eugene Lodge, No. 351, I. O. of G. T., organized Jan. 24, 
1873; membership, j6\ William Hood, W. C. T.; F. G. 
Irwin, W. S. We are pleased to note that this Lodge is well 
organized and its membership is rapidly increasing. 

DIRECTORY OF EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 

Alderson, Mrs. Elizabeth; widow of Harrison Alderson; 2]/ 2 m 
n e Eugene. Born in Va. 1822; settled in V. C. 1831. 

Anderson, J. S.; farmer; Eugene. Born in Ohio 1850; settled 
in V. C. 1862. Rep. 

Arrasmith, Alexander; retired farmer; 3 m s w Eugene. Born 
in Ky. 1795; settled in V. C. 1821. Dem. Methodist. 

Arrasmith, Richard ; farmer; 3 m s w Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1818; settled in V. C. 1821. Dem. Cumberland Presb. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 337 



Armour, George J.; farmer; 23^ m w Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1835. 

Abbott, William; farmer; 3 m s e Eugene. Born in Ind. 1848. 
Dem. 

Axton, H. H.; tenant farmer; 4ms Eugene. 

Arrasmith, W. B.; farmer; 3 J m s w Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1837. Dem. Cumberland Presbyterian. 

Arrasmith, James; farmer; 3I m s w Eugene. 

Awbrey, Mrs. L.; widow of John Awbrey ; 4 m s w Eugene. 
Born in V. C. 1835. 

Armour, Thompson; farmer; 3! m s w Eugene. 

Alderson, Frank; farmer; 2 3/^ m n e Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1854. Dem. 

Alexander, William; farmer; 3 m n e Eugene. Born in Pa. 
1814. Dem. 



BARNETT, SAMUEL; farmer; 2 m south of east of Eugene. 
Born in Pa. 1809; settled in V. C. 1852. Dem. 

Barnett, Robert P.; farmer; 2 m south of east of Eugene. Born 
in Ind. 1850; settled in V. C. 1851. Democrat. 

22 



338 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



BROWN, N. W.; farmer; 3ms Eugene. Born in Ohio 1849; 
settled in V. C. 1853. Rep. Cumberland Presbyterian. 

Basinger, C. A.; farmer; 3^ m s e Newport. Born in Tenn. 
1828; settled in V. C. 1865. Dem. 

Beaver, Samuel ; sawyer ; 2 y 2 m s e Eugene. 

■ 

Bailey, J. C; farmer; % l / 2 m s Newport. Born in Ohio 1827; 
settled in V. C. 185 1. Dem. 

Bailey, George B.; farmer; 5^ m s Newport. Born in Pa. 1852; 
settled in V. C. 1866. Dem. Methodist. 

Brown, W. P.; carpenter; 4 m s w Eugene. Born in 111. 1843; 
settled in V. C. 1874. Dem. Cumberland Presbyterian. 

Bove, Jacob; laborer; 4ms w Eugene. Born in Ind. 1847; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Cumberland Presbyterian. 

BROWN, ISAAC A., Sen.; proprietor of cooper establishment 
at Brownstown, 4 m w Eugene ; his place of residence is 
also at Brownstown. Born in Tenn. 18 16; settled in V. C. 
1833. Rep. Missionary Baptist. 

Brown, Edward; tinsmith; Eugene. Born in Ohio 181 1; settled 
in V. C. 1864. Rep. Methodist. 

Boyd, J. W. ; boot and shoemaker; Eugene. Born in Pa. 1828; 
settled in V. C. 1834. Dem. Methodist. 

Bell, Thomas W.; tailor; Eugene. Born in Pa. 1824; settled 
in V. C. 1850. Dem. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 339 



Brannan, William P.; shoemaker; Eugene. Born in Ohio 1836; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. 

Briles, John P.; blacksmith; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1826; set- 
tled in V. C. 1842. Abolitionist. Protestant. 

Basinger, Thomas; farmer; i£ m east of north of Eugene. Born 
in Tenn. 1829; settled in V. C. 1866. Dem. Methodist. 

Bishop, Lewis; carpenter; Eugene. 

Brewer, Henry VV. S.; farmer; 3! m s w Eugene. Born in V. 
C. 1852. Rep. 

BROWN, D. M.; cooper; Brownstown, 4 m w Eugene. Born 
in 111. 1837; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. United Breth. 

BROWN, ISAAC, Jr.; farmer; Brownstown, 4 m w Eugene. 
Born in V. C. 1852. Rep. 

Brewer, John; farmer; 35^ m s w Eugene. Born in Pa. 18 13; 
settled in V. C. 1849. Rep. Cumberland Presbyterian. 



Conaway, Michael; laborer; Eugene. Born in Pa. 1822; set- 
tled in V. C. 1857. Rep. Presbyterian. 

CRAIG, JOHN W.; TEAMSTER; Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1837; settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. 

COFFIN, S. W.; farmer; 2| m s Eugene. Born in V. C. 1829. 
Rep. Cumberland Presbyterian. 



34-0 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



COLLETT, JOHN; fanner; residence, Walnut Grove Station; 
P. O., 4 m n Newport. Born in V. C. 1828. Rep. 

Cook, Mahlon; engineer; 2| m s Eugene. Born in Tenn. 1841; 
settled in V. C. 1874. Rep. Methodist. 

Collins, James; farmer; I m e Eugene. Born in 1843. Rep. 

Chapmon, Simon S. ; farmer; 4 m s w Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1845; settled in V. C. 1866. Dem. 

CONAWAY, JOHN H.; farmer; Eugene. Born in Pa. 185 1; 
settled in V. C. 1857. Re P- 

Campbell, William L.; farmer; 3! m w Eugene. Born in 111. 
1842; settled in V. C. 1868. Dem. 

Cowl, Isaac; farmer; 2 m n w Eugene. 

Cole, Mathew; farmer; 2 m north of east of Eugene. Born in 
Ohio 1824; settled in V. C. 1828. 

Cowbage, Andrew; farmer; 1 m n e Eugene. 

CROW, SAMUEL D.; farmer and Justice of the Peace; 1% m 
south of west of Eugene. Born in Ohio 1841; settled in 
V. C. 1864. Dem. Methodist. 

CAMPBELL, JOSIAH; farmer; r 2|mn w Eugene. Born in 
Ind. 1837; settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 

Case, Mrs. Jane; widow of Philo Case; ij m s Eugene. Born 
in Pa. 1809; settled in V. C. 1828. Presbyterian. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 34 1 



COLLETT, WILLIAM; farmer and stock dealer; 1 m s w Eu- 
gene. Born in V. C. Rep. 

Collom, John M.; farmer; 3^ m s w Eugene. Born in Term. 
1843. Dem. 

CRAIG, ROBERT A.; farmer; 2|ms Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1826; settled in V. C. 1867. Rep. Christian. 

Canaday, Isaac N.; farmer; 2 m north of east of Eugene. Born 
in Ind. 1840; settled in V. C. i860. Independent. 



Deyo, John; retired farmer;. Eugene. Born in N. Y. 1806; set- 
tled in V. C. 1856. Rep. 

Dunkle, J. B.; miller; Eugene. Born in Ohio 1837; settled in 
V. C. 1874. Indept. Presbyterian. 

Dillon, J. C; blacksmith; 2]/ 2 m se Eugene. Born in Mo. 
1843; settled in V. C. 1844. Rep. 

Douglas, Vincent; farmer; 2^ m n w Newport. Born in Ohio 
1847; settled in V. C. 1869. Dem. 

Donaldson, Carl; cooper; Brownstown ; 4 m w Eugene. Born 
in Ind. 185 1; settled in V. C. 187 1. Rep. 

Dickerson, Henry; farmer; 4 m n w Eugene. Born in Va. 1824; 
settled in V. C. 1866. Dem. 

* 
Dickerson, Thomas ; farmer ; 4 m n w Eugene. Born in 111. 

1852; settled in V. C. 1866. Dem. 



342 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Dunlap, E. P.; farmer; 5 m s w Perrysville. Born in Md. 18 18; 
settled in V. C. 1846. Rep. Free Thinker. 

Deardorff, B. F.; farmer; 2 x / 2 m s w Eugene. Born in Pa. 
1 8 19; settled in V. C. 1848. Rep. Cumberland Presb. 



Elliott, Robert; groceries; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1840; settled 
in V. C. 1841. Rep. 

EICHELBERGER, W. C; PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON; 
Eugene. Born in Pa. 1840; settled in V. C. 1855. Dem. 

EDMONDS, EDMOND; saloon; Eugene. Born in Ohio 1823; 
settled in V. C. 1843. Dem. 

Ellis, Thomas K.; farmer; 2^ m s e Engene. Born in Ind. 
1829; settled in V. C. i860. Cumberland Presb. 

Ellis, Robert; tenant farmer; 2 m s e Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1825; settled in V. C. 1863. Dem. Cumberland Presb. 

Egleston, Wm.; attorney; Terre Haute. Born in Eugene Tp. 
1833. Rep. 

FABLE, ANTHONY ; Township Trustee ; Eugene. Born in 
Pa. 1817; settled in V. C. 1841. Dem. Presbyterian. 

Flanders, Harvey; laborer; Eugene. Born in N. Y. 1824; set- 
tled in V. C. 1849. Dem. 

Flangher, E. A.; physician; \ m s Eugene. Born in 111. 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1870. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 343 



Fultz, William H.; farmer; 2|mnw Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1845. R ep. 

Fultz, John; farmer; 2\ m n w Eugene. Born in V. C. 1836. 
Rep. 

Fultz, Wm. H., Jr.; farmer; 2| m n w Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1836. Rep. 

Fultz, Wm., Sr.; retired farmer; 2 m n Eugene. Born in Pa. 
1805; settled in V. C. 1826. Indept. 

Fultz, A. J.; farmer; 2 m n w Eugene. Born in V. C. 1839. 
Dem. 

Fitch, John ; farmer ; 2\ m n e Eugene. 



GROVES, WILL; druggist; Eugene. Born in V. C. 1850. 
Rep. Methodist. 

GROVES & LOWRY ; DEALERS IN DRUGS, MEDI- 
CINES, PAINTS, OILS, TOILET GOODS, &c; Post Of- 
fice Building, Eugene. 

GROENENDYKE, JOHN; farmer; Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1833. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Gillis, John P.; painter; Eugene. Born in N. Y. 1837; settled 
in V. C. 1859. Dem. Roman Catholic. 

GRONDYKE, SAMUEL; GENERAL MERCHANDISING 
AND PORK PACKER; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1836. 



544 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Grigory, John; laborer; 5 m s w Eugene. Born in Ohio 1835; 
settled in V. C. 1858. Dem. 

Gouty, John R.; farmer; 3^ m w Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1840. Rep. 

Gray, Mathew D. ; milling; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1831; settled 
in V. C. 1872. Rep. H. Friend. 



Hollingsworth, Lewis; farmer; if m s e Eugene. Born in 
1835. Rep. 

Hunnichouse, Eli; farmer; 3^ m s w Eugene. Born in Pa. 
1832; settled in V. C. i860. Dem. Cumberland Pres. 

Henderson, Richard; farmer; 5^ m s w Eugene. Born in 111. 
1843; settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. 

Hughes, Austin B. ; laborer; Eugene. Born in V. C. 1848. 

Hold, Wilson; farmer; 1 m n w Eugene. Born in Ohio 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1848. Dem. 

HUGHES, DAVID C.; farmer; 2 m n Eugene. Born in V. 
C. 1837. Re P- 

HAUSER, GEORGE; laborer; 3 m n w Eugene. Born in Ky. 
1849; settled in V. C. 1868. Rep. 

Hauser, David; laborer; 3 m n w Eugene. Born in Ind. 1850; 
settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 345 



Hosford, Philo; clerk; Eugene. Born in N. Y. 1811; settled in 
V. C. 1832. Rep. 

HOOD, J. T. ; farmer; Eugene. Born in V. C. 1843. Dem. 

Hobort, Edmond ; farmer; 1^ m e Eugene. Born in N. Y. 
1830; settled in V. C. 1849. R- e P- 

Harvey, George; farmer; ifmse Eugene. Born in Ohio 1849; 
settled in V. C. 1S63. Rep. 

HEPBURN, JOHN ; farmer; i| m e Eugene. Born in Va. 
1800; settled in V. C. 1829. Dem. Methodist. 

Hosford, M. G.; bookkeeper; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1845. 
Rep. 

HEIDBREDER, G. D.; furniture dealer; Eugene. Born in 
Prussia, 1834; settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. Lutheran. 

HEIDBREDER, G. D.; MANUFACTURER AND DEAL- 
ER IN FURNITURE, COFFINS, BURIAL CASES, 
CASKETS, AND HARDWARE ; EUGENE. 

Holtz, John; resident farmer; Eugene. Born in Ohio 1822; set- 
tled in V. C. 1834. Dem. 

Harris, M. S.; tailor; Eugene. Born in Europe 1826; settled 
in V. C. 1852. Dem. 

Hood, W. H.; butcher; Eugene. Born in V. C. 1840. Rep. 

HEAD, FRANCIS; woolen manufacturer (retired); Eugene. 
Born in N. H. 1808; settled in V. C. 1846. Rep. 



346 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Halt, Christian; wagonmaker; Eugene. Born in Germany 1 830; 
settled in V. C. 1857. Indpt. Lutheran. 

Howminsky, John; cooper; Eugene. Born in Prussia 1833; 
settled in V. C. 1857. Indpt. Roman Catholic. 

Hosford, Milo; carpenter; Eugene. Born in N. Y. 181 1; set- 
tled in V. C. 1832. Rep. Methodist. 

Hosford, Henry; carpenter; Eugene. Born in V. C. 1853. 
Republican. 

HOLTZ, JOSEPH; resident farmer; Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1822; settled in V. C. 1826. Dem. 

Heidbreder, William; farmer; 2 m s e Eugene. Born in Prussia 
1824; settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. Lutheran. 

Hepburn, William; farmer; y 2 m e Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1823; settled in V. C. 1829. Dem. 

Hosford Rezin; farmer; 2^ me Eugene. Born in V. C. 185 1. 
Rep. 

Hosford, Leman; farmer; 5^ m e Eugene. Born in V. C. 1845. 
Rep. 

Hepburn, John; farmer; Eugene. Born in V. C. 1833. Dem. 

HART, GOLDMAN M.; farmer; 1 m w Eugene. Born in 
Tenn. 1809; settled in V. C. 1837. Rep. Christian. 

HART, ROBERT A.; farmer; 1 m w Eugene. Born in V. C. 
185 1. Rep. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 347 



Irwin, F. G. ; retired druggist; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1846; 
settled in V. C. 1865. 

ILES, JAMES B.; farmer; 1 m n Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1829. Dem. 

ILES, JACOB H.; farmer; ij m n Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1833. Dem. 



JOHNSON, JOHN C; farmer; Eugene. Born in V. C. 1847. 
Rep. 

Johnson, John L.; farmer; 1 m e Eugene. Born in V. C. 1849. 
Dem. 

JONES, A. A.; telegraph operator and agent of E. T. H. & C. 
Railway Co.; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1848; settled in V.C. 
1874. Rep. 

Johnson, Jackson; farmer; 3 m s w Eugene. 

Johnson, Hugh; farmer; 4^ m s w Eugene. 

JOHNSON, EDWARD B.; carpenter; Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1830; settled in V. C. 1837. Rep. 

Julien, Isaac; farmer; 3 m w Eugene. 

Jones, J. A.; farmer; 3 m n w Eugene. Born in Ohio 1821 ; 
settled in V. C. 1823. Rep. 

Johnson, William H.; carpenter; Eugene. Rep. 



348 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



JOHNSON, E. B. ; carpenter, contractor and builder; firm of 
Johnson & Bro.; Eugene. 

Johnson, Joseph; farmer; 2\ m west of south of Eugene. Born 
in V. C. 1834. Dem. 



Killgore, James; farmer; 3^ m w Eugene. Born in Va. 1835; 
settled in V. C. 1858. Dem. 

Kenedy, Newton; farmer; i|me Eugene. 

Keller, John; farmer; 3 m n Newport. Born in Ohio 1849; 
settled in V. C. 1874. 

Keller, Simon; laborer; 3 m n Newport. Born in Pa. 182 1; 
settled in V. C. 1874. Dem. 

Killgore, John M.; farmer; 3^ m w Eugene. Born in Va. 
1826; settled in V. C. 1858. Dem. 

Kindermann; Gottfried; farmer; 2 m n Eugene. Born in Pa. 
1805; settled in V. C. 1826. Independent. 



Long, Jacob H.; farmer; 43^ m s w Eugene. Born in Pa. 1836; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Dem. 

Lacey, William; farmer; 4 m s w Eugene. Born in Ind. 184 1. 
Dem. Cumberland Presbyterian. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 349 



Long, Jacob; farmer; 4J m s \v Eugene. Born in Pa. 1836; 
settled in V. C. 1856. Indpt. 

LANCASTER, WILLIAM; farmer; 1 m n w Eugene. Born 
in X. C. 1 821; settled in V. C. 1872. Dem. 

Lunger, Omer ; farmer; \)A rn w Eugene. Born in Ind. 1836; 
settled in V. C. 1846. Rep. 

LOWRY, CHARLIE; druggist; Eugene. Born in V.C. 1850. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Lashley, John H.; merchant; Eugene. Born in 111. 1839; set- 
tled in V. C. 1869. Dem. Methodist. 

Lane, Enoch W. ; retired cabinet maker ; Eugene. Born in 
Ohio 1798; settled in V. C. 1829. Rep. Methodist. 

Larison, Luther; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1836; settled in V. C. 
1873. Rep. 

LADD. LEONARD; milling; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1834; 
settled in V. C. 1866. Rep. Christian. 

LADD & CO.; DEALERS IN FAMILY FLOUR, CORN, 
MILL FEED, &c; PROPRIETORS LIBERTY MILLS 
AND "VERMILLION RIVER" BRANDS. 

Lindsey, Oliver; farmer; 4! m s w Eugene. Born in Ohio 1807; 
settled in V. C. 1825. Rep. 

Lindsey, Jones ; retired farmer ; 3J m s w Eugene. Born in 
Ohio 18 18; settled in V. C. 1824. Rep. 



350 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Main, Andrew J.; farmer; 3^ m n e Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1844; settled in V. C. 1844. Dem. Methodist. 

Malone, Wesley; farmer; f m e Eugene. Born in V. C. 1837. 
Rep. 

Malone, Samuel W.; dealer in stock and grain; Eugene. Born 
in Ohio 18 10; settled in V. C. 1827. Dem. 

MORRIS, WM. L.; farmer; Eugene. Born in V. C. 1842. 
Dem. 

Morgan, William J.; farmer; Eugene. Born in Ky. 1826; set- 
tled in V. C. 1870. Christian. 

McClellan, J. B.; brick maker ; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1839; 
settled in V. C. 1861. Dem. 

McMEEN, J.; physician and surgeon; Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1832; settled in V. C. 1854. Rep. 

Malone, James; farmer; 3 m south of west of Eugene. Born in 
V. C. 1843. 

McClellan, Joseph ; blacksmith; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1842; 
settled in V. C. 1852. Dem. Presbyterian. 

Meade, David; principal of public school; Eugene. Born in 
111. 1845; settled in V. C. 1872. Rep. 

Menges, Charles; farmer; 5 m s w Eugene. Born in Pa. 18 16; 
settled in V. C. 1854. Dem. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 35 I 



MOORE, MRS. SARAH ; widow of Joseph Moore; 5 m s w 
Perrysville. Born in Md. 1803; settled in V. C. 1833. 

Malone, Benjamin; farmer; I m n w Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1849. Dem. 



NAYLOR, VV. L.; merchant; Eugene. Born in Ohio 1821 ; 
settled in V. C. 1828. Dem. 

NAYLOR, W. L.; DEALER IN DRY GOODS, READY- 
MADE CLOTHING, HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES, 
HARDWARE, MEDICINES AND GROCERIES, EU- 
GENE. 

Newman, W. M.; retired merchant; Eugene. Born in Va. 181 1; 
settled in V. C. 1827. Rep. 

Nichols, Richard E. ; farmer; 2ms Eugene. Born in Indiana 
1847. R- e P- 

Nevins, Oscar; laborer; 4 m s w Eugene. Born in Ind. 1836. 
Dem. 

Naylor, Samuel; farmer; 3 m w Eugene. Born in V. C. 185 1. 
Dem. 

Naylor, Lewis T. ; farmer; 3 Y± m w Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1826; settled in V. C. 1829. Dem. Cumberland Presb. 

Norman, Joseph W. ; carpenter; Eugene. Born in Va. 1831 ; 
settled in V. C. 1865. Rep. 



352 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Peters, H. O.; merchant; Eugene. Born in Ohio 185 1; settled 
in V. C. 1870. Dem. 

Porter, Mrs. E.; Walnut Grove Station; 2^ m s e Eugene. 
Born in V. C. 1830. 

PORTER, ISAAC; farmer; Walnut Grove Station, 2\ m s e 
Eugene. Born in V. C. 1832. Rep. 

Patrick, William; farmer; 2^ m s w Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1 83 1. Rep. 

Paxton, Madison; farmer; 3% m n w Eugene. Born in Va. 
1819; settled in V. C. 1857. Dem. 

Paxton, William; farmer; 3^ m n w Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1852; settled in V. C. 1857. Dem. 

PAXTON, ELIJAH; farmer; 3^ m n w Eugene. Born in 
Ind. 1854; settled in V. C. 1857. Dem. 

Phillips, Samuel; farmer; 4J m s w Perrysville. Born in V. C. 
1837. Dem. 

Phillips, William; farmer; 4 J m s w Perrysville. Born in Va. 
Dem. 

Patrick, Thomas ; farmer ; 3 m s w Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1837. Re P- Methodist. 

Patrick, Hiram; farmer; 2]^ m s w Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1829. Rep. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 353 



Rhodenbaugh, George; farmer; 2\ m n e Eugene. Born in 
Ohio 1838; settled in V. C. 1861. Rep. 

Ritter, John F.; laborer; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1842; settled 
in V. C. 1870. Dem. 

Rheuby, William; farmer; 4^ m n w Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1834. Rep. Methodist. 

Rheuby, John; retired farmer; 4^ m n w Eugene. Born in Ky. 
1802; settled in V. C. 1833. Rep. 

Reeve, George; tenant farmer; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1868. Methodist. 

Reid, Samuel; farmer; 3I m s w Eugene. Born in Ohio 1820. 

Reid, Henderson; farmer; 4*^ m s w Eugene. 

Robins, Jacob; farmer; 1 m n w Eugene. Born in Ind. 185 1; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. 

Randolph, Henry C.; farmer; Walnut Grove Station, 3mse 
Eugene. Born in Ind. 1838; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. 
Methodist. 

Russell, James; laborer; 2|mse Eugene. Born in Ind. 1825; 
settled in V. C. 1864. Dem. 

Randolph, William; farmer; 2|msw Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1820; settled in V. C. 1855. Dem. 

Randolph, James; farmer; \\ m s e Eugene. 
23 



354 VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Randolph, William F. ; farmer; 2\ m s e Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1843; settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Methodist. 

Russell, Taylor; farmer; 4ms Eugene. Born in 111. 1848; set- 
tled in V. C. 1873. Indpt. 

Ross, John; farmer; 3*^ m s w Eugene. Born in Ohio 1829; 
settled in V. C. 1829. Rep. 

Rutherford, Baylis; teamster; 4 m s w Eugene. Born in Ky. 
1824; settled in V. C. 1870. Dem. Christian. 

Remley, John W.; farmer; 5^ m s w Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1838. Rep. 



Sturn, Daniel; laborer; Eugene. Born in Va. 

Sims, John; farmer; 1^ m s Eugene. Born in Va. 1808; set- 
tled in V. C. 1830. Rep. 

Swatsenburg, Otto; gardener; Eugene. Born in Prussia 1821 ; 
settled in V. C. 1853. Dem. 

Shelato, W. F.; farmer; i^m se Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1833. Rep. 

Sollars, Truman, Sen.; tenant farmer; \\ m s e Eugene. Born 
in Ohio 1812. Dem. 

Stakley, Alfred; farmer; 3^ m south of east of Eugene. Born 
in V. C. 1850. Dem. 

Sollars, Truman, Jr.; farmer; 1^ m Eugene. Born in V. C 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 355 



Sims, Lewis; farmer; 2]/ 2 m s e Eugene. Born in Ind. 1836. 
Rep. Methodist. 

Sims, Cray; farmer; 4ms Eugene. Born in Va. 1830; settled 
in V. C. 1834. Rep. Cumberland Presbyterian. 

Sollars, Morris; farmer; 4 m s w Eugene. Born in V. C. 1846. 
Rep. 

Stevenson, John F. ; farmer; 4 m w Eugene. Born in V. C. 

1844. Dem. Universalist. 

Smith, Jesse; farmer; 3! m w Eugene. Born in Tenn. 1828; 
settled in V. C. 1828. Independent. Methodist. 

SHANNON, WILLIAM H.; cooper; Brownstown, 4 m north 
of west of Eugene. Born in Ky. 1832; settled in V. C. 
1867. Independent. 

Sproul, Andrew; farmer; 3J m n w Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1826; settled in V. C. 1836. Dem. 

STURN, RICHARD M.; farmer; 2 \ m n w Eugene. Born in 
111. 1836; settled in V. C. 1848. Dem. 

Shallars, Jacob M.; farmer; 2 m n w Eugene. Born in V. C. 

1845. Re P- 

Segraves, Thomas; farmer; 2^ m n e Eugene. Born in Ind. 
1842; settled in V. C. 1871. Rep. 

SHELBY, EVAN C; farmer; 2% m n e Eugene. Born in 
Ohio 1828; settled in V. C. 1870. Dem. 



35^ VERMILLION COUNTY. 



— ^ 

SHELBY, MRS. JANE; widow of Rezin Shelby; 1} ra e 
Eugene. Born in Pa. 1798; settled in V. C. 1822. 

SHELBY, MISS JANE; i|me Eugene. Born in V. C. 1834. 

Sanders, Marion; farmer; 2|mne Eugene. Born in Mo. 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1850. Rep. 

SCONCE, ALONZO; blacksmith; Eugene. Born in V. C. 
185 1. Rep. 

SCONCE, JOHN R.; blacksmith and farmer; Eugene. Born 
in Ky. 1825; settled in V. C. 1846. Rep. Presbyterian. 

Shaw, Robert E.; retired merchant; Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1829. R e P- 

Sheward, James; saloon; Eugene. Born in Ohio 1825; settled 
in V. C. 1825. Dem. 

Switzer, George; retired farmer; Eugene. Born in Va. 18 18; 
Rep. Protestant. 



Towle, W. C; clerk; Eugene. Born in Me. 1828; settled in V. 
C. i860. Rep. 

Tipton, Andrew ; retired farmer; 2ms Eugene. Born in Ky. 
1800; settled in V. C. 1822. Dem. 

THOMAS, J. L.; farmer and trader; residence at Walnut Grove 
Station; P. O. Newport. Born in V. C. 1838. Rep. Prot. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 357 



THOMAS, JEROME B.; farmer; 4A m s w Eugene. Born in 
V. C. 1844. Rep. 

Thomas, John; farmer; 4^ m s w Eugene. 

Tutt, James C; farmer; 1 m s w Eugene. Born in Va. 1816; 
settled in V. C. 1837. Dem. 

TUTT, NATHAN M.; farmer; 1% m s w Eugene. Born in 
Va. 1834; settled in V. C. 1837. Cumberland Presbyt'n. 

Tutt, Albert H.; farmer; i|ms Eugene. Born in V. C. 1843. 
Dem. 



Vandevander, Willis; farmer; Eugene. Born in V. C. 1853. 
Rep. 

VANSANT, JOHN; farmer; 2 m south of east of Eugene. 
Born in V. C. 1842. Dem. 

VICKER, ELIJAH; farmer; 3 m n w Eugene. Born in N. C. 
1833; settled in V. C. 1862. Dem. 

Vandevander, Barney ; laborer; Eugene. Born in 111. 1827; 
settled in V. C. 1839. Re P- 



Willfong, Michael; farmer; jjmsw Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1847. Dem. 



35§ VERMILLION COUNTY. 



Wiltermood, James W.; farmer; 5^ m s w Eugene. Born in 
V. C. 1856. Dem. Cumberland Presbyterian. 

White, Nathan; farmer; 3^4 m s w Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1846; settled in V. C. 1850. Rep. 

West, A. J.; cooper; Brownstown ; 4 m w Eugene. Born in 
Ohio 1833; settled in V. C. 1874. Dem. 

Welton, Franklin H.; farmer; 2 m n e Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1842; settled in V. C. 1873. Dem. 

Wootan, Victor A.; farmer; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1842; set- 
tled in V. C. 1872. Rep. Christian. 

White, Enoch; farmer; 2|msw Eugene. Born in Ohio 1825; 
settled in V. C. 1852. Rep. Methodist. 

White, Franklin; cooper; 4 m w Eugene. Born in N. Y. 1845; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Rep. Deist. 

Wittenbereg, G. D.; butcher; Eugene. Born in Prussia 1840; 
settled in V. C. 1867. Dem. Lutheran. 

WHIPPLE, JAMES E.; confectioner; Eugene. Born in Iowa 
1857; settled in V. C. i860. 

Wallace, J. D.; painter; Eugene. Born in Ind. 1837; settled 
in V. C. 1866. Indpt. Methodist. 

WHIPPLE, LUCIEN R.; butcher; Eugene. Born in Ohio 
1834; settled in V. C. 1840. Rep. 

Wiltermood, Wesley; farmer; 3ms Eugene. 



EUGENE TOWNSHIP. 359 



Wiltermood, Joseph; farmer; 2^ m south of east of Eugene. 
Born in V. C. 1835. Dem. Presbyterian. 

Wigley, William; farmer; 3^ m n w Newport. Born in V. C. 
1832. Dem. 

Woodruff, Albert; farmer; 3ms w Eugene. 

Woodruff, Able; farmer; 3 m s w Eugene. 



YOUNT, JACOB; farmer; 2]/ 2 m south of east of Eugene. 
Born in V. C. 1842. Rep. 

YOUNT, W. H.; farmer; 2\ m n e Eugene. Born in V. C. 
1842. Indpt. Universalist. 

Yount, Marion; farmer; 2| m n e Eugene. Born in Mo. 1847; 
settled in V. C. 1873. Indpt. Universalist. 

YOUNT, JONAS R.; farmer; 2|mne Eugene. Born in V. 
C. 1844. Indpt. Universalist. 



APPENDIX. 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 



AND 



PERPETUAL UNION BETWEEN THE STATES. 



The Articles of Confederation reported July 12, 1776, and debated 
from day to day, and time to time, for two years, were ratified July 9, 
1778, by ten States; by New Jersey, on the 28th of November of the 
same year; and by Delaware , on the 23d of February following. Mary- 
land, alone, held off two years more, acceding to them March 1st, 1781, 
and thus closing the. obligation. The following are the Articles: 

To all whom these presents shall come. We, the undersigned, 
Delegates of the States affixed to our names, send greeting : 

Whereas, The Delegates of the United States of America, 
in Congress assembled, did, on the i$th day of November, in 
the year of our Lord 1777, and in the Second Year of the In- 
dependence of America, agree to certain Articles of Confedera- 
tion and Perpetual Union between the States of New Hamp- 
shire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Del- 
aware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and 
Georgia, in the words following, viz.: 

Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union between the States 
of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jetsey, 
Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, 
South Carolina and Georgia. 

Article i. The style of this Confederacy shall be "The 
United States of America." 



364 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 

Art. 2. Each State retains its sovereignty, freedom and inde- 
pendence, and every power, jurisdiction and right, which is not 
by this confederation expressly delegated to the United States 
in Congress assembled. 

Art. 3. The said States hereby severally enter into a firm 
league of friendship with each other, for their common defense, 
the security of their liberties, and their mutual and general wel- 
fare, binding themselves to assist each other against all force 
offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any of them, on ac- 
count of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretense 
whatever. 

Art. 4. The better to secure and perpetuate mutual friend- 
ship and intercourse among the people of the different States in 
this Union, the free inhabitants of each of these States — pau- 
pers, vagabonds, and fugitives from justice excepted — shall be 
entitled to all privileges and immunities of free citizens in the 
several States ; and the people of each State shall have free in- 
gress and regress to and from any other State, and shall enjoy 
therein all the privileges of trade and commerce, subject to the 
same duties, impositions and restrictions as the inhabitants 
thereof respectively, provided that such restriction shall not 
extend so far as to prevent the removal of property, imported 
into any State, to any other State of which the owner is an in- 
habitant ; provided, also, that no imposition, duties or restric- 
tion shall be laid by any State on the property of the United 
States or either of them. 

If any person guilty of or charged with treason, felony or 
other high misdemeanor in any State, shall flee from justice, 
and be found in any of the United States, he shall, upon de- 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 365 

mand of the Governor, or executive power of the State from 
which he fled, be delivered up and removed to the State having 
jurisdiction of his offense. 

Full faith and credit shall be given in each of these States to 
the records, acts and judicial proceedings of the courts and mag- 
istrates of every other State. 

Art. 5. For the more convenient management of the general 
interest of the United States, Delegates shall be annually ap- 
pointed, in such manner as the Legislature of each State shall 
direct, to meet in Congress on the first Monday in November in 
every year, with a power reserved to each State to call its Dele- 
gates, or any of them, at any time within the year, and to send 
others in their stead for the remainder of the year. 

No State shall be represented in Congress by less than two, 
nor by more than seven members ; and no person shall be capa- 
ble of being a Delegate for more than three years in any term 
of six years ; nor shall any person, being a delegate, be capable 
of holding any office under the United States, for which he, or 
another for his benefit, receives any salary, fees or emolument of 
any kind. 

Each State shall maintain its own Delegates in any meeting of 
the States, and while they act as members of the Committee of 
the States. 

In determining questions in the United States, in Congress 
assembled, each State shall have one vote. 

Freedom of speech and debate in Congress shall not be im- 
peached or questioned in any court or place, out of Congress, 
and the members of Congress shall be protected in their persons 
from arrests and imprisonments, during the time of their going 



366 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 

to and from, and attendance on Congress, except for treason, 
felony, or breach of the peace. 

Art. 6. No State, without the consent of the United States 
in Congress assembled, shall send an embassy to, or receive an 
embassy from, or enter into any conference, agreement, alliance 
or treaty with any King, Prince, or State ; nor shall any person 
holding any office of profit or trust under the United States, or 
any of them, accept of any present, emolument, office or title of 
any kind whatever from any King, Prince, or Foreign State ; 
nor shall the United States in Congress assembled, or any of 
them, grant any title of nobility. 

No two or more States shall enter into any treaty, confedera- 
tion or alliance whatever between them, without the consent of 
the United States in Congress assembled, specifying accurately 
the purposes for which the same is to be entered into, and how 
long it shall continue. 

No State shall lay any imposts or duties which may interfere 
with any stipulations in treaties, entered into by the United 
States in Congress assembled, with any King, Prince or State, 
in pursuance of any treaties already proposed by Congress, to 
the Courts of France and Spain. 

No vessels of war shall be kept up in time of peace by any 
State, except such number only as shall be deemed necessary 
by the United States in Congress assembled for the defense of 
such State or its trade ; nor shall any body of forces be kept 
up by any State, in time of peace, except such number only as, 
in the judgment of the United States in Congress assembled, 
shall be deemed requisite to garrison the fotts necessary for the 
defense of such State; but every State shall always keep up a 
well regulated and disciplined militia, sufficiently armed and ac- 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 367 

coutred, and shall provide and have constantly ready for use, in 
public stores, a due number of field-pieces and tents, and a 
proper quantity of arms, ammunition and camp equipage. 

No State shall engage in any war without the consent of the 
United States in Congress assembled, unless such State be 
actually invaded by enemies, or shall have received certain 
advice of a resolution being formed by some nation of Indians 
to invade such a State, and the danger is so imminent as not to 
admit of a delay, till the United States in Congress assembled 
can be consulted ; nor shall any State grant commissions to any 
ships or vessels of war, nor letters of marque or reprisal, except 
it be after a declaration of war by the United States in Congress 
assembled, and then only against the Kingdom or State, and the 
subjects thereof, against which war has been so declared, and 
under such regulations as shall be established by the United 
States in Congress assembled, unless such State be infested by 
pirates, in which case vessels of war may be fitted out for that 
occasion, and kept so long as the danger shall continue, or 
until the United States in Congress assembled shall determine 
otherwise. 

Art. 7. When land forces are raised by any State for the 
common defense, all officers of or under the rank of colonel 
shall be appointed by the legislature of each State respectively, 
by whom such forces shall be raised, or in such manner as such 
State shall direct, and all vacancies shall be filled up by the 
State which first made the appointment. 

Art. 8. All charges of war, and all other expenses that shall 
be incurred for the common defense or general welfare, and 
allowed by the United States in Congress assembled, shall be 
defrayed out of the common treasury, which shall be supplied 



3^8 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 



by the several States, in proportion to the value of all land 
within each State, granted to or surveyed for any person, as 
such land and the buildings and improvements thereon shall be 
estimated according to such mode as the United States in Con- 
gress assembled shall from time to time direct and appoint. 
The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied by 
the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several 
States within the time agreed upon by the United States in 
Congress assembled. 

Art. 9. The United States in Congress assembled shall have 
the sole and exclusive right and power of determining on peace 
and war, except in the cases mentioned in the 6th article — of 
sending and receiving embassadors — entering into treaties and 
alliances, provided that no treaty of commerce shall be made 
whereby the legislative power of the respective States shall be 
restrained from imposing such imposts and duties on foreigners 
as their own people are subjected to, or from prohibiting the 
exportation or importation of any species of goods or commo- 
dities whatsoever — of establishing rules for deciding in all cases 
what captures on land or water shall be legal, and in what man- 
ner prizes taken by land or naval forces in the service of the 
United States shall be divided or appropriated — of granting let- 
ters of marque and reprisal in times of peace — appointing 
courts for the trial of piracies and felonies committed on the 
high seas, and establishing courts for receiving and determining 
finally appeals in all cases of capture, provided that no member 
of Congress shall be appointed a judge of any of the said 

courts. 

The United States in Congress assembled shall also be the 

last resort or appeal in all disputes and differences now subsist- 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 369 

ing, or that hereafter may arise between two or more States 
concerning boundary, jurisdiction, or any other cause whatever; 
which authority shall always be exercised in the manner follow- 
ing : — Whenever the legislative or executive authority or lawful 
agent of any State in controversy with another shall present a 
petition to Congress, stating the matter in question, and praying 
for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given by order of Congress, 
to the legislative or executive authority of the other State in con- 
troversy, and a day assigned for the appearance of the parties 
by their lawful agents, who shall then be directed to appoint, 
by joint consent, commissioners or judges to constitute a court 
for hearing and determining the matter in question ; but if they 
can not agree, Congress shall name three persons out of each of 
the United States, and from the list of such persons each party 
shall alternately strike out one, the petitioners beginning, until 
the number shall be reduced to thirteen ; and from that number 
no less than seven, nor more than nine names, as Congress shall 
direct, shall in the presence of Congress be drawn out by lot, 
and the persons whose names shall be so drawn, or any five of 
them, shall be commissioners or judges, to hear and finally de- 
termine the controversy, so always as a major part of the judges 
who shall hear the cause shall agree in the determination ; and 
if either party shall neglect to attend at the day appointed, with- 
out showing reasons which Congress shall judge sufficient, or 
being present shall refuse to strike, the Congress shall proceed 
to nominate three persons out of each State, and the Secretary 
of Congress shall strike in behalf of such party absent or refus- 
ing ; and the judgment and sentence of the court, to be appointed 
in the manner above prescribed, shall be final and conclusive ; 
24 



370 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 

and if any of the parties shall refuse to submit to the authority 
of such court, or to appear or defend their claim or cause, the 
court shall, nevertheless, proceed to pronounce sentence or 
judgment, which shall in like manner be final and decisive, the 
judgment or sentence and other proceedings being in either 
case transmitted to Congress and lodged among the acts of 
Congress for the security of the parties concerned ; provided 
that every commissioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take 
an oath, to be administered by one of the judges of the Supreme 
or Superior Court of the State where the cause shall be tried, 
"well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question 
according to the best of his judgment, without favor, affection, 
or hope of reward ; " provided also that no State shall be 
deprived of territory for the benefit of the United States. 

All controversies concerning the private right of soil claimed 
under different grants of two or more States, whose jurisdictions 
as they may respect such lands, and the States which passed 
such grants, are adjusted, the said grants or either of them 
being at the same time claimed to have originated antecedent 
to such settlement of "jurisdiction, shall, on the petition of either 
party to the Congress of the United States, be finally deter- 
mined as near as may be in the same manner as is before pre- 
scribed for deciding disputes respecting territorial jurisdiction 
between different States. 

The United States in Congress assembled shall also have the 
sole exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy and value 
of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of the respect- 
ive States — fixing the standard of weights and measures through- 
out the United States — regulating the trade and managing all 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 37 1 

affairs with the Indians, not members of any of the States ; pro- 
vided that the legislative right of any State within its own lim- 
its be not infringed or violated — establishing or regulating post- 
offices from one State to another, throughout all the United 
States, and exacting such postage on the papers passing through 
the same as may be requisite to defray the expenses of the said 
office — appointing all officers of the land forces, in the service 
of the United States, excepting regimental officers — appointing 
all the officers of the naval forces, and commissioning all officers 
whatever in the service of the United States — making rules for 
the government and regulation of the said land and naval forces, 
and directing their operations. 

The United States in Congress assembled shall have authority 
to appoint a committee, to sit in the recess of Congress, to be 
denominated ' 'A Committee of the States, " and to consist of one 
delegate from each State ; and to appoint such other committees 
and civil officers as may be necessary for managing the general 
affairs of the United States, under their direction — to appoint 
one of their number to preside ; provided that no person be al- 
lowed to serve in the office of president more than one year in 
any term of three years — to ascertain the necessary sums of 
money to be raised for the service of the United States, and to 
appropriate and apply the same for defraying the public ex- 
penses — to borrow money, or emit bills on the credit of the 
United States, transmitting every half year to the respective 
States an account of the sums of money so borrowed or emitted. 
— to build and equip a navy — to agree upon the number of land- 
forces, and to make requisitions from each State for its quota, 
in proportion to the number of white inhabitants in such State,. 



372 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 

which requisition shall be binding ; and thereupon the legisla- 
tures of each State shall appoint the regimental officers, raise 
the men, and clothe, arm, and equip them in a soldier-like man- 
ner, at the expense of the United States ; and the officers and 
men so clothed, armed, and equipped, shall march to the place 
appointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States 
in Congress assembled ; but if the United States in Congress as- 
sembled shall, on consideration of circumstances, judge proper 
that any State should not raise men, or should raise a smaller 
number than its quota, and that any other State should raise a 
greater number of men than the quota thereof, such extra num- 
ber shall be raised, officered, clothed, armed, and equipped in 
the same manner as the quota of such State, unless the legisla 
ture of such State shall judge that such extra number can not be 
safely spared out of the same ; in which case they shall raise, 
officer, clothe, arm, and equip as many of such extra number as 
they judge can be safely spared. And the officers and men so 
clothed, armed and equipped, shall march to the place appointed, 
and within the time agreed on by the United States in Congress 
assembled. 

The United States in Congress assembled shall never engage 
in a war, nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of 
peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances, nor coin money, 
nor regulate the value thereof, nor ascertain the sums and ex- 
penses necessary for the defense and welfare of the United 
States, nor any of them, nor emit bills, nor borrow money on 
the credit of the United States, nor appropriate money, nor 
agree upon the number of vessels of war to be built or pur- 
chased, or the number of land or sea forces to be raised, nor 
appoint a commander-in-chief of the army or navy, unless nine 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 373 

States assent to the same ; nor shall a question on any other 
point, except for adjourning from day to day, be determined, 
unless by the votes of a majority of the United States in Con- 
gress assembled. 

The Congress of the United States shall have power to ad- 
journ to any time within the year, and to any place within the 
United States, so that no period of adjournment be for a longer 
duration than the space of six months, and shall publish the 
journal of their proceedings monthly, except such parts thereof 
relating to treaties, alliances, or military operations, as in their 
judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the dele- 
gates of each State on any question shall be entered on the 
journal when it is desired by any delegate ; and the delegates of 
a State, or any of them, at his or their request, shall be furnished 
with a transcript of the said journal, except such parts as are 
above excepted, to lay before the legislatures of the several 
States. 

Art. 10. The Committee of the States, or any nine of them, 
shall be authorized to execute, in the recess of Congress, such 
of the powers of Congress as the United States in Congress as- 
sembled, by the consent of nine States, shall, from time to time, 
think expedient to vest them with ; provided that no power be 
delegated to the said committee, for the exercise of which, by 
the Articles of Confederation, the voice of nine States in the 
Congress of the United States assembled is requisite. 

Art. II. Canada, acceding to this confederation and joining 
in the measures of the United States, shall be admitted into, 
and entitled to all the advantages of this union ; but no other 
colony shall be admitted into the same unless such admission 
be agreed to by nine States. 



374 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 

Art. 12. All bills of credit emitted, moneys borrowed, and 
debts contracted by, or under the authority of Congress, before 
the assembling of the United States, in pursuance of the pres- 
ent confederation, shall be deemed and considered as a charge 
against the United States — for payment and satisfaction whereof 
the said United States and the public faith are hereby solemnly 
pledged. 

Art. 13. Every State shall abide by the determinations of 
the United States in Congress assembled on all questions which, 
by this confederation, are submitted to them. And the articles 
of this confederation shall be inviolably observed by every 
State, and the Union shall be perpetual ; nor shall any altera- 
tion at any time hereafter be made in any of them, unless such 
alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and 
be afterward confirmed by the legislatures of every State. 

And Whereas, It hath pleased the Great Governor of the 
World to incline the hearts of the legislatures we respectively 
represent in Congress, to approve of and to authorise us to 
ratify the said Articies of Confederation and perpetual Union, 

Knozv Ye, That we, the undersigned delegates, by virtue of 
the power and authority to us given for that purpose, do, by 
these presents, in the name and in behalf of our respective con- 
stituents, fully and entirely ratify and confirm each and every 
of the said Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union, and 
all and singular the matters therein contained. And we do fur- 
ther solemnly plight and engage the faith of our respective con- 
stituents, that they shall abide by the determinations of the 
United States in Congress assembled on all questions which, by 
the said confederation, are submitted to them. And that the 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 375 

articles thereof shall be inviolably observed by the States we 
respectively represent, and that the Union shall be perpetual. 
In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands in Con- 
gress. 

Done at Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, the 9th 
day of July, in the year of our Lord 1778, and in the 3d year 
of the Independence of America. 



CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. 



The Amendment proposed to the Constitution, June 8, 1866. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Section i. All persons born or naturalized in the United 
States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No State 
shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges 
or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any 
State deprive any person of life, liberty or property, without due 
process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction 
the equal protection of the laws. 

Sec. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the 
several States according to their respective numbers, counting 
the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians 
not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the 
choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United 
States, Representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial 
officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is 
denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being 
twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in 
any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other 
crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the 



CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. 377 

proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to 
the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in 
such State. 

Sec. 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in 
Congress, or Elector of President and Vice President, or hold 
any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under 
any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member 
of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a mem- 
ber of any State Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer 
of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, 
shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, 
or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress 
may, by a vote of two thirds of each house, remove such disa- 
bility. 

Sec. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, 
authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pen- 
sions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or re- 
bellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United State- 
nor any State shall assume or pay any debtor obligation incurred 
in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or 
any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all 
such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Sec. 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by ap- 
propriate legislation, the provisions of this article. 

The amendment passed the Senate by a vote of 33 yeas to 1 1 
nays, and the House by a vote 138 yeas to 36 nays. 

ARTICLE XV. 

Sec. 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote 
shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any 



378 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. 

State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servi- 
tude. 

Sec. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this 
article by appropriate legislation. 



HOMESTEAD LAW. 



By act of Congress of May 20, 1862, any person who is the 
head of a family, or who has arrived at the age of twenty-one 
years, or has performed service in the army or navy, and is a 
citizen of the United States, or shall have filed his declaration 
of intention to become such, and has never borne arms against 
the Government of the United Sates, or given aid and comfort 
to its enemies, shall, from and after the 1st of January, 1863, be 
entitled to enter a quarter section (160 acres) of unappropriated 
public land, upon which he or she may have already filed a 
pre-emption claim, or which is subject to pre-emption, at $1.25 
per acre; or 80 acres of unappropriated lands, at $2.50 per acre. 
In order to make his or her title good to such lands, however, 
such person must make affidavit that such application is made 
for his or her exclusive use and benefit, and that said entry is 
made for the purpose of actual settlement and cultivation, and 
not, either directly or indirectly, for the use or benefit of any 
other person or persons whomsoever; and upon filing the affi- 
davit, and paying the sum of ten dollars to the register or receiver, 
such person shall be allowed to enter the land specified ; but no 
certificate or patent is issued for the land until five years from 
the date of such entry, and the land must, during that time, be 
improved and not alienated (it can not be taken for debt). 

At any time within two years after the expiration of said five 



380 HOMESTEAD LAW. 



years, the person making the entry, or, in case of his or her 
death, his widow or heirs, may, on proof by two witnesses that 
he or she has cultivated or improved said land, has not alienated 
any part of it, and has borne true allegiance to the United 
States, be entitled to a patent, if at that time a citizen of the 
United States. In case of the abandonment of the lands by the 
person making the entry, for a period of more than six months 
at one time, they revert to the United States. 



PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE INDIANA STATE GRANGE. 



ARTICLE I. 



This Grange shall be known and distinguished as the "Indi- 
ana State Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry," and in all 
its acts shall be subject to the Constitution of the National 



Grange. 



ARTICLE II. 



The members of the State Grange shall be Masters and Past 
Masters of the Subordinate Granges of the State. 



ARTICLE III. 

This Grange shall hold regular annual meetings on the fourth 
Tuesday in November, at such place as the Grange may by 
vote decide. Special meetings may be called by the Master 
and Secretary, by giving written notice to each Subordinate 
Grange thirty days preceding, or by a vote of the Grange at a 
regular meeting. 



382 PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Thirteen members shall constitute a quorum for the transac- 
tion of business. 

ARTICLE V. 

It shall be the duty of the Master to open and preside at all 
meetings of the Grange, and in conjunction with the Secretary, 
call special meetings of the Grange. 

ARTICLE VI. 

The duties of the Lecturer shall be such as usually devolve 
upon that officer in a Subordinate Grange. 

ARTICLE VII. 

It shall be the duty of the Overseer to assist the Master in 
preserving order, and he shall preside over the Grange in the 
absence of the Master. In case of a vacancy of the office of 
Master he shall fill the same until the next annual meeting. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

It shall be the duty of the Steward to have the charge of the 
inner gate, and to preside over the Grange in the absence of the 
Master and Overseer. 

ARTICLE IX. 

The Assistant Steward shall assist the Steward in the perform- 
ance of his duties. 

ARTICLE X. 

The Secretary shall keep an accurate record of all the pro- 
ceedings of the Grange ; make out all necessary returns to the 
National Grange ; keep the accounts of the Subordinate Granges 



CONSTITUTION OF THE INDIANA STATE GRANGE. 383 

with the State Grange; receive and pay over to the Treasurer 
all moneys, and take a receipt for the same. 

ARTICLE XI. 

It shall be the duty of the Treasurer to receive all moneys 
from the hands of the Secretary, giving his receipt for the same ; 
to keep an accurate account thereof and pay them out on the 
order of the Master, with the consent of the Grange ; he shall 
render a full account of his office at each annual meeting, and 
deliver to his successor in office all moneys, books, and papers 
pertaining to his office, and he shall give bonds in a sufficient 
amount to secure the money that may be placed in his hands, 
subject to the approval of the State Grange. 

ARTICLE XII. 

It shall be the duty of the Gate Keeper to see that the gates 
are properly guarded. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

All elections shall be by ballot, and a majority vote elects. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

All Committees, unless otherwise ordered, shall consist of 
three members, and shall be appointed as follows : two mem- 
bers by the Master and one by the Overseer. 

ARTICLE XV. 

At the regular annual meeting a Committee on Finance shall 
be appointed, whose duty it shall be to audit all accounts pre- 
vious to their being paid. To them shall be referred the reports 
of the Secretary and Treasurer for examination. 



384 PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY. 

ARTICLE XVI. 

At the first annual meeting six members shall be elected by- 
ballot, three of whom shall hold their office for two years, and 
three for one year, their several terms of service to be deter- 
mined by lot ; and at each annual session thereafter, there shall 
be chosen three members of said committee who shall take the 
place of the retiring members. The duties of this committee 
shall be confined to business, and in the recess of the Grange 
they may suggest or adopt such regulations as may seem neces- 
sary and expedient for the welfare of the Order. 

ARTICLE XVII. 

The annual year of this and Subordinate Granges shall com- 
mence on the 1st day of January and end on the last day of 
December of each year. 

ARTICLE XVIII. 

The Secretary shall see that the quarterly dues of Subordinate 
Granges are promptly paid, and in case the dues remain delin- 
quent two quarters, the delinquent Grange shall be reported to 
the Master of the State Grange. On receiving such notice it 
shall be the duty of the Master to warn the delinquent Grange, 
and if the dues are not forwarded in thirty days it shall be the 
duty of the Master to revoke the charter of the delinquent 



Grange. 



ARTICLE XIX. 



Any Grange whose charter has thus been revoked may appeal 
to the State Grange at any regular meeting asking for reinstate- 
ment, and the State Grange shall have power to reinstate such 
Grange, subject to such penalty as may seem just. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE INDIANA STATE GRANGE. 385 

ARTICLE XX. 

In case a member of a Subordinate Grange wishes to transfer 
his or her membership to another Subordinate Grange, or with- 
draw his or her membership altogether, it may be done by a 
vote of the Grange of which he or she is a member, when, upon 
the payment of all dues, the Master and Secretary of the Grange 
shall give him or her a certificate that he or she is a member in 
good standing, and that in accordance with his or her wishes, 
the membership with that Grange has been dissolved. When ap- 
plying for membership in any other Subordinate Grange this 
certificate shall entitle him or her to be received therein upon a 
majority vote, without any further action on the part of the 
Grange to which he or she may unite. Such members, can, 
however, be expelled for cause, the same as any other member. 

ARTICLE XXI. 

There shall be appointed by the Master of the State Grange 
a sufficient number of Deputies, who are Masters or Past Mas- 
ters, whose duty it shall be to organize new Granges, on appli- 
cation having been made to them by those desiring such an or- 
ganization ; to install officers of Granges when the same have 
been elected, and shall be vigilant that no disorder shall obtain 
in Granges under their jurisdiction, and shall promptly report 
any such disorder to the Master. The jurisdiction of a Deputy 
shall be limited to the county in which he resides, except by 
special permit. Deputies shall receive, for organizing new 
Granges, their traveling expenses and five dollars additional for 
each day's service actually necessary for the work. The Depu- 
ties shall be appointed for two years, but shall be subject to re- 

25 



386 PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY. 

moval for cause by the Master. No other Granges shall hereafter 
be recognized except those organized by Deputies appointed as 
herein specified, excepting only the Master and Secretary of this 
Grange. 

ARTICLE XXII. 

This Constitution may be amended or revised at any regular 
meeting of the Grange, by a vote of two-thirds of the members 
present. 



THE HORSE. 



SIGNS OF DISEASE IN THE HORSE. 
The horse being unable to describe to us his feelings, and tell 
us the seat of his pain, we are compelled to rely on such signs 
and symptoms as we can discover, by various means, to deter- 
mine the nature of his ailments. A few of the more common 
symptoms, or signs of disease, will now be considered. But to 
determine exactly the character of any particular case of dis- 
ease, the combination of symptoms present will have to be 
considered. In this article, however, important landmarks are 
presented which may be very useful in guiding to correct con- 
clusions. 

The Pulse. — The pulse of a medium-sized healthy horse beats 
about forty per minute. The pulse of a small horse may be a 
few more, or, of a larger one, a beat or two less. Age de- 
creases the pulse slightly. Any considerable increase of the 
pulse over forty per minute indicates fever or inflammation, and 
other symptoms must be looked for to determine the particular 
locality of the disease. When great weakness ensues, the pulse 
becomes fluttering. 

The Membrane of the Nose. — This, in health, is of a light 
pink color. In fever and inflammation it is red. If of the 
lungs or air-passages, it is more deeply colored, and specked 
with brown mucus. In the very last stage of most diseases, 



388 THE HORSE. 



when death is about taking place, the membrane of the nose 
becomes of a dark, leaden or livid color. In glanders it is of a 
light blue and reddish color, with specks of ulceration over it. 
In scarlet fever it is covered with scarlet spots. 

The Ears, in disease, lose their erectness and quickness of 
motion, and become dull, loose and fallen ; falling forward if the 
head is down, and backward if it is raised, in all diseases affect- 
ing the system generally. The ears are cold in inflammation of 
the lungs and pleurisy ; slightly so in other diseases, as colic, 
etc. 

The Eyes. — Weeping of the eyes is observed in colds, stran- 
gles, catarrhal fever, and glanders. When the eyes become 
glassy in the advanced stage of disease, it indicates that death 
is about to take place. 

The MoutJi is hot in fevers and inflammations. The mouth 
and tongue are clammy and offensive in severe fevers. 

The Breathing. — The breathing is rapid in fevers ; laborious 
in inflammation of the lungs ; laborious, short and catching in 
pleurisy, and difficult in thick-wind. The nostrils are much 
spread in inflammation of the lungs and pleurisy. The breath 
is hot. Deep, snoring breathing indicates disease of the brain. 

The Feet. — Coldness of the feet indicates inflammation of im- 
portant internal organs, as the lungs, pleura, bowels, bladder, 
etc. Heat and tenderness of the feet occur in founder. 

The Hair. — The hair is dry and staring in farcy, glanders, in- 
digestion, hide-bound from any cause, worms, mange, consump- 
tion, surfeit, all diseases of the skin, and starvation. The hair 
comes out in patches in mange, and in spots in surfeit. 

The Skin. — Heat of the skin is one of the principal signs of 



THE HORSE. 389 



external local inflammation ; it also shows the presence of some 
fevers of a general character. A yellowness about the mouth, 
eyes and nose, shows jaundice or inflammation of the liver. 
Redness of the skin of the heels is a forerunner of grease or 
scratches. Dryness and huskiness of the skin and hair indicate 
constitutional derangement, either of a chronic character, or, it 
may be, some acute disease already present, or just coming on, 
as pleurisy or inflammation of the lungs, in which the skin of 
the legs is cool or cold throughout. 

The Dung. — The appearance of the horse's dung shows the 
condition of his digestion. The dung very offensive, like that 
of the hog or human, indicates a want of action in the absorb- 
ent vessels of the bowels, which is a form of indigestion. The 
dung-balls are slimy in glanders, farcy, and worms. 

The Water. — The urine of the horse undergoes very great 
changes of quantity, color and thickness, when the animal is in 
perfect health. Stopping of urine, or, when it passes only a 
little at a time, and that attended with great straining, indicates 
stricture, inflammation of the kidneys or bladder, or stone in 
the bladder. Diabetes is told by the composition of the urine 
and the quantity ; bloody water by its being mixed with blood. 

The Flanks heave in inflammation of lungs, pleura and bow- 
els. They are tucked up in glanders, farcy, indigestion, jaun- 
dice, and other diseases in which indigestion is impaired. A 
kernel will be felt in the inside of the loose skin of the flank, in 
the groin, in mange. The flanks throb in thumps. 

Drooping of the Head is a sign present in a great variety of 
diseases and of opposite characters. When it is observed, other 
symptoms should be looked for. It is most marked and perfect 
in diseases of the brain. 



39° THE HORSE. 



Lying Down. — In flatulent colic the horse lies down carefully, 
rolls and tries to keep on his back. He then gets up quick. 
In spasmodic colic he lies down quick, rolls over quickly several 
times, and gets up, or he may only rise on his hips and sit for 
awhile, and then roll again, or get up. In inflammation of the 
bowels he lies down carefully, and lies stretched out, and paws 
or strikes with his fore-feet. 

Standing Still. — In locked-jaw the horse stands wide, and 
fixed as a statue. In inflammation of the lungs he stands with 
the head inclining and his fore-feet forward; and does not want 
to move ; and if he lies down, he gets up instantly. In pleurisy 
the same way, but may lie down for a little time. 

Pointing with the Nose. — The horse points with his nose to 
the flanks, in inflammation of the bowels and colic ; and turns 
his neck carefully and looks at his side, but does not put his nose 
to the body, in pleurisy. In inflammation of the foot or acute 
founder he points his nose to the feet. 

Pointing the Fore-foot indicates atrophy of the muscles of the 
shoulder, called sweeny. Pointing first one and then the other, 
is a symptom of chest-founder, or rheumatism. Dragging the 
fore-foot shows dislocation of the shoulder-joint. 

Staggering, in most diseases, as colic for example, indicates 
approaching death. It is a symptom of hysterics, palsy, and 
poisoning with narcotics. 

Straddling is a symptom of inflammation of the kidneys, blad- 
der, and strain of the back. 

Stiffness in Walking occurs in big-head, farcy, founder, lung 
fever, pleurisy, hysterics, and rheumatism. 

Twitching of the skin on the side occurs in pleurisy. 



THE HORSE. 39 1 



Delirium occurs in inflammation of the brain, vertigo, apo- 
plexd and stomach staggers. 

Drying up of the Perspiration, or sweat, very suddenly, when 
the horse is being driven or worked, is an indication that he is 
about taking pleurisy or inflammation of the lungs, or some 
other severe form of inflammation. 

NICKING. 

This operation consists in dividing or cutting the muscles 
whose office it is to draw down or depress the tail. The object 
of the operation is to cause the horse to carry his tail in a raised 
position. An angle of elevation of about forty-five degrees is 
generally aimed at. 

We are not sure that good taste, Christianity, and humanity, 
are not all violated in thus mutilating the horse. We are sure 
his comfort is much diminished. 

The instruments necessary to perform the operation of nick- 
ing are, a nicking-knife, or a narrow-bladed knife, rounded on 
the edge from the heel to within half an inch from the point ; 
the pulleys, which are to be arranged in the horse's stall ; a 
twitch for the nose and a collar around the neck, to which two 
ropes are tied, and one of these extended back to the pastern of 
each hind-leg. The horse being thus manacled, an assistant 
holds the head and another the tail. The operator then passes 
the knife through the skin at the side of the tail, as near the 
root of the tail as possible, so that the back of the knife rests 
against the lower side of the tail-bone. The knife having been 
introduced far enough to pass the muscles of that side, by a 
sawing motion of the knife the muscles are cut, which may be 
known by the edge of the knife reaching the skin. The mus- 



392 THE HORSE. 



cles of the other side of the tail are then to be cut in the same 
way. 

The same operation is then performed about an inch and a 
half or two inches back on the tail, and then again about the 
same distance from that place, so that the under muscles of the 
tail are cut three times. Only two cuts are sometimes made. 
The horse is then ready for the pulleys. The tail will have to 
be kept raised by the pulleys three weeks or a month. He 
should be taken out a little time every four or five days. Light 
feed should be given. The best pulley is to be put on a collar. 
Make a tail-set of light wood, and place it on the rump, with a 
groove for the tail and a pulley to the collar. 

DOCKING. 

Docking, or amputation of the tail, should be performed in 
the following manner : The horse is cast ; the place it is de- 
sired to take the tail off is selected, a joint is found, and about 
half an inch below it, by one sweep of the knife, the skin of the 
tail is cut; the skin is then forcibly drawn back until the joint 
is in view ; the knife is then passed squarely through the joint, 
and the tail is off. There are two arteries which may have to 
be tied. The forceps and silk should be on hand for this pur- 
pose, or they may be smeared with a hot iron, to stop the bleed- 
ing. The skin is then drawn down over the end of the bone, 
and two or three stitches passed through it to close the wound. 
Cold-water dressing, or a little tincture of aloes and myrrh, is 
all that will be needed. 

FOALING. 

As a general rule, the mare requires no assistance from man 
in this condition. But it may happen that the foal fails to come 



THE HORSE. 393 



in the proper way, which is with the head forward, and becomes 
so entangled that the life of the foal or the dam may be endan- 
gered. When this is the case, a stout man with some skill and 
good nerve may, by persevering effort, gently and firmly, so 
change the position of the foal as to enable the efforts of the 
mare to expel it. If it is impossible to so change the foal as to 
bring the head down properly, the operator may pass the hand 
up so as to get 'hold of both hind-feet, and bring them down so 
that the foal may come rump foremost. It may require consid- 
erable force to turn the foal, but there is no danger in it if it is 
patiently applied ; but the parts already born should never be 
caught hold of for the purpose of pulling the foal away. The 
dam may be ruined by such meddling. 

Taking the Foal Aivay. — Sometimes the foal is so large that 
it can not be born. In such case, if it is evident the life of the 
dam will be lost by longer waiting, the hand may be passed up 
until it rests under the fore-leg of the foal, an open knife having 
been carefully held in the hand, and then the leg of the foal 
carefully separated from its body by the knife. In this opera- 
tion great care must be taken not to injure or cut the parts of 
the dam which closely infold the colt. If necessary, other parts 
of the foal may be similarly removed. 

Taking away the Place?ita. — Occasionally the mare does not 
clean in a proper time. This may cause inflammation. If in- 
flammation is threatened, the placenta should be taken away. 
This may be done by passing the hand, well greased, far up and 
beyond the parts to be taken away, and then grasping them and 
bringing them out with the hand. 

Rupture in Foaling. — Sometimes the parts which lie between 



394 THE horse. 



the fundament and bearing are torn in foaling, so that both 
openings are united. Some good may be done, in such a case, 
by stitching up the wound with a fine, curved, surgeon's needle 
and fine surgeon's silk, then keeping the patient's bowels loose. 
The prospects are not very favorable to a cure. 



WINTER RULES. 



Never go to bed with cold or damp feet ; but always toast 
them by a fire for some ten or fifteen minutes before going to 
bed. 

Be very careful never to sleep with the head or chest exposed 
to the draft of an open window or door. 

Have enough covering on the bed to feel comfortably warm, 
with rather more over the feet and lower part of the legs. It is 
also a good rule to have some extra covering on hand, where it 
can be easily reached, in case of a sudden change to colder 
weather during the night. 

When going from a warm atmosphere into a colder one, keep 
the mouth closed, so that the air may be warmed by its passage 
through the nose, ere it reaches the lungs. A neglect of this 
matter, by suddenly chilling the air vessels, has caused pleurisy, 
inflammation of the lungs, etc. 

Never stand still in cold weather, especially after having taken 
even a slight degree of exercise. And always avoid standing 
upon ice or snow, or where the person is exposed to a cold wind. 
Keep moving all the time. 

After exercise of any kind, and however slight it may be, 
never ride in an open carriage, nor near the open window of a 
car or other vehicle for a moment ; it is dangerous to health and 
even life. 



39^ WINTER RULES. 



On commencing a journey, always wear an old boot or shoe 
at first. 

India rubbers should never be worn, only to protect the feet 
from wet. When worn too much they dispose to colds, coughs, 
rheumatism, etc. 

When traveling in the face of an extremely cold wind, wear a 
handkerchief over the nose and mouth, so as to avoid the chill- 
ing influence of the cold upon the lungs. 

Merely warm the back by a fire or stove, and never continue 
keeping the back exposed to the heat, after it has been comfort- 
ably warmed. To do otherwise is debilitating. 

Never begin a journey until the breakfast has been eaten. 

When hoarse, speak as little as possible until it is recovered 
from, else the voice may be permanently lost, or difficulties of 
the throat be produced. 



RECIPES. 



GOLDEN OIL. 
I pint linseed oil, I drachm oil organum, I drachm oil cedar, 
I drachm oil sassafras, I drachm oil hemlock, I drachm oil pep- 
permint, i drachm tincture laudanum, 4 drachms gum cam- 
phor. 

MUTTON BROTH. 

Take three pounds of the scrag-end of a fresh neck of mut- 
ton, cut it into several pieces, wash them in cold water, and 
put them into a stew-pan with two quarts of cold spring-water ; 
place the stew-pan on the fire to boil ; skim well and add a 
couple of turnips cut into slices, a few branches of parsley, a 
sprig of green thyme, and a little salt. When it has boiled 
gently by the side of the stove for an hour and a half, skim off 
the fat from the surface, and then let it be strained through a 
lawn sieve into a basin and kept for use. 

BEEF TEA. 
Take two pounds of the lean part of the gravy piece of beef, 
and carefully pare away every particle of fat, skin or sinew; cut 
this into small square pieces the size of a nut; put the beef into 
a stew-pan capable of containing two quarts, and pour three pints 
of boiling water upon it. Add a little salt, put it on the stove 
fire, and as soon as it boils skim it and then remove it to the 
side of the stove to continue boiling gently for an hour, after 
which it should be strained through a napkin for use. 



398 RECIPES. 

PECTORAL CHICKEN BROTH. 
Cut up a young fowl into several pieces ; put it into a stew- 
pan with three pints of spring water ; set it on the stove fire to 
boil ; skim well, and add a little salt. Take two tablespoonsful 
of pearl barley, wash it in several waters, and add to it the broth, 
together with one ounce of marsh-mallow roots cut into shreds 
for the purpose of better extracting its healing properties. The 
broth should then boil one hour, and be passed through a napkin 
into a basin, to be kept ready for use. 

TO CURE GAPES IN CHICKENS. 

1. Rub up some black pepper and butter, and make the 
fowls swallow it ; for a hen a teaspoon half full is a dose ; chick- 
ens in proportion. Repeat the dose every day or two. 

2. Give small crumbs of dough well saturated with soft 
soap ; once or twice is enough. 

3. Gapes may be prevented as well as cured, if it has not 
gone too far, by mixing assafcetida with the food of chickens. 
Four ounces, costing about thirty cents, will do for four hundred 
chickens per day. 

FOR HORSE DISTEMPER. 

Take of flour of sulphur two parts, saltpetre one part ; 
mix. Give two table-spoonsful twice a day until the symptoms 
are better. Also put a lump of lard in each ear, about the size 
of a hickory nut. 

Mr. Edward F. Morgan, Elgin county, C. W., a very promi- 
nent farmer, has repeatedly tried this remedy, and says that 
it is the best thing he ever tried to relieve horses attacked 
with this troublesome disease. 



recipes. 399 

TO REMOVE COCKEOACHES. 
Place cucumber-rinds in plenty around their haunts, renewing 
them every week or two. 

TO DRIVE AWAY FLIES. 

i. Dip a bunch of plantain or fleawort in milk, and hang it up 
in the room, and the flies will leave. 

2. Mix together a teaspoonful of ground black pepper, a 
teaspoonful of brown sugar, and two teaspoosnful of milk. 
Place it on a plate where the flies are most troublesome. 

3. Take half an ounce, each, of sugar and quassia in coarse 
powder, place them in a cup, and add a pint of boiling water. 



INDEX. 



PAGE. 

Declaration of Independence 3 

Constitution of the United States 9 

Constitution of Indiana 26 

Emancipation Proclamation 54 

Political Platforms „ 56 

Baxter Liquor Law 85 

Geological Items 93 

Philosophy 104 

Sketches of Astronomy 106 

Pay of Government Officers 114 

Religious 115 

Population of States and Territories 117 

Population of Principal Cities 117 

Male Inhabitants 118 

Vote of Each State 119 

Population of Indiana by Counties 120 

Population of Indiana Towns 121 

Sabbath Schools 125 

Recipes 127 397 

Historical Sketch of Vermillion County 131 

Exhibit of Receipts and Expenditures 161 

Clinton Township 165 

Helt Township 213 

Vermillion Township 265 

Highland Township 298 

Eugene Township 331 

Articles of Confederation 363 

Constitutional Amendments. 379 

Homestead Law 379 

Constitution Patrons of Husbandry 381 

The Horse 387 

* 

Winter Rules 395 



NOV 18 193*