Skip to main content

Full text of "The Perkiomen region, past and present"

See other formats

Lepox Library 

I'rcamti-i') lit US^^lu; 
J^fiirtj .S'.Do/ftrrr 

■^n k: 


CPjJ^ C^H>^ ^^"^^^ A 



P. O. BOX 316. 


The Perkiomen Region, 




VOL. I. 






P. 0. BOX 316. 



• * 

* » « 

• • • « • 

• *. 

* • 

> • • 

. • • • 
. • • • 

• •• m * 

• « « • 

• ■» • 4 


• « • I 

Vol. 1. No. I. SEPTEMBER, 1894. 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

The PerkionuGn Region, 

Past and Present, 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

P. O. Box 316, Philadelphia. 

Our Field and Our Work. 

Soon after William Penn founded Phila- 
delphia European emigrants pushed inland 
to the Perkiomen creek, entered its valley 
and settled upon its inviting lands. 
Others followed, and ventured farther 
into the wilderness, establishing them- 
selves upon Skippack creek and farther 
north on the two Swamp creeks. Old and 
New Goshenhoppen, and points far- 
ther east, north and west. Thus 
in a comparatively short time was 
peopled by civilized whites the ter- 
ritory drained by Perkiomen creek and 
its tributaries. The work of subduing the 
forests and of making homes followed 
the advent of the colonists. 
• Six generations have lived and toiled 
in the Perkiomen region, each in its turn 
encountering hardships, confronting perils, 
achieving triumphs peculiar to its epoch. 
At the outset came the struggle to wrest 
a livelihood from the virgin soil. The 
presence of the Indians, distrusted and 
feared, was a source of anxiety, night and 
day. Intercourse with them had to be 
carried on with the utmost discretion. It 
thi'ills us to contemplate the hazards to 
vvhicl) our forefathers were subjected in 
this regard. The liberty of conscience 
guaranteed by William Penn brought 
people of many and diverse religious 

convictions. In Europe they had not 
been taught the lesson of toleration, and 
here they found difficulty in learning it. 
Contentions were the result. Notwith- 
standing these untoward manifestations 
by professing Christians, the several de- 
nominations organized congregations and 
built churches and school houses. The 
French and Indian wars in the colonial 
times — not here, be it remembered, but in 
distant localties — affected and disquieted 
our ancestors. The War of Independence 
for eight years was part of their daily life. 
The battles at Brandywine and German- 
town were at their doors. Valley Forge 
was but across the Schuylkill. The con- 
tending armies crossed and recrossed- the 
Peikiomen and the Skippack and march- 
ed up and down the highways of this 
section of Pennsylvania. The inhabitants 
here were not only observers of these stir- 
ringe vents. Many patriotic spirits rendered 
heroic service during the entire war. The 
militia was thoroughly organized and 
was called out when pressing emergen- 
cies demanded instant service. History 
tells much of the glorious deeds of our 
people in those days; careful research will 
bring to light far more. Then followed 
the era of growth and expansion, of the 
building of bridges, turnpikes and canals, 
of steam and railroads. Tiie war of the Re- 


bellion shook the country from centre to 
circumference and brought with it many 
changes. The present is a period of compar- 
ative quiet and seeming maturity, but it 
too will soon be followed, we cannot doubt, 
by changes and advances as remarkable as 
any that have preceded it. 

The history of this region needs to be 
amplified. ]Many prominent families 
have their American origin here. The 
lives of the actors in the successive eras 
should be written. The historian, the 
genealogist and the antiquarian will find 
much to do. To further this work, so far 
as is in our power, is our chosen task. The 
evolution of an empire from a wilderness 
is our theme. 

IxTEResT in American ancestry is on the 
increase. Research into the family his- 
tory is the fashion. The institution of 
the patriotic associations, like the Sons of 
the Revolution and the Colonial Dames, 
has given an impulse to this study. 

Our forefathers settled upon the lands 
while yet the Indians traversed them in 
their wanderings. No safeguards, no 
walls, no armies were placed thereto keep 
the nomads back. Just as inany Indians 
were there after the initial settlers came 
as were there before. 

Think of the risks taken by the pio- 
neers, and the courage required ! 

Do you say the history of this period is 
commonplace, colorless, peaceful? True, 
the streams of the Perkiomen region did 
not run red with the blood of tomahawk- 
ed whites, nor did its hills echo the 
war-whoop of infuriate savages, bent on 
butchfery. Never was the home of any of 
its dwellers consumed by flames kindled 
by the torch of the Indian. 

Shall we decry our ancestors because 
they lived in amity with the children of 
^e forest ? Rather let ^us honor them 
the more. A thousand-fold greater glory 
attaches to a record of peace and good- 
will than to pages of history cov- 
ered with the stories of quarrels, 
wrongs and bloodshed. 

A MATTER of prime interest to family 
history is the place in Europe from which 
the immigrant ancestor came. In the 
great majority of cases this information is 


The officers of the Montgomery Histor- 
ical Society are : President, Hon. Hiram 
C. Hoover, Hooverton, Pa.; Vice Presi- 
dents, Wm. H. Holstein, R. F. Hoffecker; 
Secretary, i\Iary Jones, Norristown; 
Treasurer, AVm. ^NIcDermott, Conshohock- 
en; Trustees, Jones Detwiler, J. K. Got- 
walts, H. W. Kratz, Elwood Roberts. 

What the Perkiomen region greatly 
needs is ready access and quick transit. 
Its picturesqueness and fertility invite 
rural housekeepers. It must within a very 
few years become the subiu-ban home of 
wealthy city people. The supply of this 
want cannot be far distant. The enter- 
prising gentlemen who are running trolley 
roads, like spiders' webs, over our fair 
country, will see to this. With termini 
at Norristown, Perkiomen Junction, 
Pottstown, Allentown, Bethlehem and 
Lansdale, electric cars will traverse these 
beautiful hills and vales. Rapid, frequent, 
ample means to come and go are sure to 

01d=Time News. 

Pensylvanische Gesch icht - Schreiber, 
Germantown, (Saur's paper), April 16, 
174.3 : Von Mac^kunsche haben wir Nacii- 
richt dass bey einer kurtzen Zeit her 
eine Menge schwartze Raupen grossen 
Schaden gethan ; sie frassen des Gras, 
den Weitzen, das Welschkorn, HaVj^r, 
Flacks und Kuechen-Ciemuess. 

The .-^ume, February 16, 1745: Die 
vorige Woche starb AVichert Lewering 
oknweit Germanton, seines Alters 107 

Tha same, June 16, 1748 : Jacob Froe- 
lich der Lumpen-Mann wohnhafft an 
der Germantoner Stross bey Antoni 
Henckel gibt Kramer- Waaren vor leinene 
Lumpen voi's Pfund cin Pens werth. 

The same, November 16, 1749 : Michel 
Ha^Uigas zu Philadelphia ist gestorben. 
Auch iler alte Peter Wentz inMadedsche. 




Surveyor of Lands for the Penns. 1674-1754. 
Flomborn, Qermantown and Skippack. By 
Hon. Samue! W. Pennypacker, LL. D. Pri- 
vately Printed. Philadelphia: 1894. 

The foregoing is the title of a work re- 
cently issued. It is an important contri- 
bution to onr local history of the colonial 
period. After patient research, covering 
at least a quarter of a century, Judge 
Penn3'packer has written a biography of 
the founder of his family in America. 
Whatever comes from his pen is charac- 
terized by fine judgment, clear statement 
and conscientious treatment, and in the 
present instance a commendable sense of 
filial regard pervades his work. The 
book is an enduring monument to the 
gifted author's worthj' ancestor. It is a 
model for local biographers and historians. 

Interwoven with the biography are a 
number of facts giving much light on 
Pennsylvania history. Translations of 
original Dutch letters written at German- 
town in l(i8-t ; the report of the Pennsyl- 
vanian to the Dutch iNIennonites, dated 
March 1, 1773, concerning the condition 
of the churches in the colonies, and 
giving the names of the preachers at that 
time ; an account of copper mining in 
Pennsylvania, translated from a rare 
work published in Germany in 1727, are 
of this character. 

In 18i)l Judge Pennnypacker visited 
Europe and spent considerable time at 
places known to have been the home of 
the Pannebeckers. At Flomborn, in the 
Palatinate, he found many of the inhabi- 
tants to be his kinsuien, who received 
him with the honor due to his judicial, 
social and literary position. He brought 
away with him nmcli material bearing on 
the family history, among which was a 
series of photographic views, delineating 
the town hall, the market square, the 
churches and other quaint objects in the 
ancient dorf. 

The volume contains one hundred and 
sixty-foTir octavo pages. It is printed on 
paper hand-made for the edition. One 
hundred and fifty copies were printed. 
None were sold. 

The illustrations, in half tone, are : 
Autograph of Hendrick Pannebecker, in 

1706 ; Pannebecker arms ; portrait of Jo- 
hann Pfannebecker, Grossherzoglich Jrles- 
sischer Geheimer Regierungsrath ; Flom- 
born ; Heidelberg Bible of 1568 with fam- 
ily record ; Skipj)ack ; portrait of Sarah 
Pennypacker Walker ; George AVashing- 
ton's letter dated Camp at Pennybacker's 
mill, 26th Sept., 1777 ; portrait of Hon. 
Isaac S. Pennybacker, United States Sen- 
ator from Virginia ; draft of Franconia 
township, by Hendrick Pannebecker, in 
1734 ; portrait of Hon. Samuel W. Pen- 
nypacker, LL. D. ; and portrait of Bre- 
vet Major General Galusha Pennypacker, 
U. S. A. 

There is given a list of one hundred 
and forty-four members of the Penny- 
packer family who participated in the 
war of the Rebellion — in both the Fed- 
eral and the Confederate armies — hold- 
ing positions from major generals to pri- 

We cannot omit an expression of onr 
interest in the j'ecital of the ghost story. 
It is familiar to many of the residents of 
the Perkiomen valley. The ghost was 
seen, in 1738, on the farm of Frederick 
Reiniei', who lived on the bottom land of 
Society i-un, about two miles northwest of 
the present Zieglerville. It has been told 
for a century and a half in the colloquial 
German of the neighborhood, ever thrill- 
ing the hearer. Here we have the same 
impressive story in true English, trans- 
lated from Ers^cheinungen der Geister, 
pul)lished by Saur, in Germantown, in 
1755, and reproduced in the Geistliche 
Fama at Berlenburg, in Germany. 


Hendrick Pannebecker was born on 
the 21st of March, 1674, or within a day 
or two of that date, and, according to 
convincing evidence, in Flomborn, a rur- 
al village in the Palatinate, about ten 
miles from the city of Worms. The Pan- 
nebeckers came from Holland to the Pa- 
latinate. The name is comp(jsed of two 
Dutch words, ■parni.e.n and hakkrr, and 
means a tile maker. He was an early 
emigrant to Germantown, living there in 
1699, or some years earlier. He was of the 
Reformed faith. In 1699 he married,in Ger- 
mantown, Eve, the daughter of Hans 


Peter Umstat, who arrived in Philadel- 
phia on October 12, KiSo. Until some 
time in the year 1702 he lived in German- 
town. He then removed to Skippack 
creek, about two miles from the present 
Evansburg, and spent the remainder of 
his life there. He became a leading spir- 
it in that locality. He purchased land at 
various dates ; a nartial list given in the 
book foots up 4012 acres. 

He was a surveyor, and it is supposed 
that he laid out the Sk ippack road in con- 
sequence of a petition to the court dated 
June, 1713 ; also that he made the sur- 
vey of Skippack and Perkioraen town- 
ship in 1725. 

Among the other important surveys 
made by him were these : Fifty acres for 
the New Hanover Lutheran congregation, 
completed April 17, 1719 ; soon after De- 
cember 3, 1722, a road from Plymouth 
road northward to Perkiomen creek, and 
thence "to the Indian ford on Schuylkill," 
which is still the main road between Nor- 
ristown and Phoenixville ; in March, 1725, 
a road from the grist mill of James 
Shattick and Williatn Love, on Skippack 
road, to the King's road ; on September 
6, same year, a road from "Thomas Put- 
ter's iron works to the Great road leading 
from Manahatawney to Philadelphia ; " 
March 2, 1726, a road from "Colebrook- 
dale furnace to Pool fforge, and from 
thence to the Great road leading to Phil- 
adelphia ;" in jNIarch, 1727, a road from 
the upper part of Salford township to the 
"Great road from Skippack;" the same 
month aiujther, "from a creek by John 
Jones' house, in the upper part of Gwin- 
neth, to Susquehanna road ; " September 
2, 1728, a road "beginning att a Beach 
tree near ye north Branch of Perkiomen,' 
and proceeding "to the great road called 
Skippack road, about a run called Saca- 
rass run;" in March, 1731, he laid out 
the township of Franconia ; September 2, 
1734, he surveyed a road from Henry 
Pawling's place to the church near Skip- 
pack ;• and September 10, 1738, he made 
a survey of the glebe lands of the St. 
James' Episcopal church, on the Perkio- 
men. In 1733 he surveyed for the pro- 
prietaries the manors of Springfield, ]\Ian- 
atawny and Perkasie. 

Hendrick Pannebecker died suddenly on 
the 4th of A{)ril, 1754, aged eighty years 
and two weeks. He ha d eight children : 

jNIartha, born June 15, 1700 ; married 
Anthony Vanderslice ; died September 
15, 1761. 

Adolph, born 1708; died May, 1787. 

Peter, born ]March 8, 1710 ; married 
Elizabeth Keyser ; died June 28, 1770. 

John, born August 27, 1713 ; married 
Anneke Keyser ; died June 14, 1784. 

Jacob, born 1715 ; married Margaret 
Tyson ; died May 27, 1752. 

Henry, born 1717 ; married Rebecca 
Kuster ; died about May 31, 1792. 

Barbara, born about 1720 ; married, 
March 30, 1738, Cornelius Tyson. 

One other, believed to be Susanna, wife 
of Peter Keyser, Worcester. 

We cannot forbear qu(jting at length 
the interesting account given by Judge 
Pennypacker concerning the title to the 
first land owned by the New Hanover 
Lutheran congregation. 


The Lutheran people near the Swamp 
in New Hanover township, in 1719, "hav- 
ing associated themselves into an Ecclesi- 
astical Community, determined to pur- 
chase a piece of land whereon they 
might erect a place of worship and a grave 
jrard for burying their dead, and it so 
happening that John Henry Spr( )gell, one 
of their Connnunity and Persuasion, 
being at that time possessed of a large 
Quantity of land in these parts, did will- 
ingly make a True Gift and Donation of 
Fifty acres of his Land, appropriating the 
same for the use and behoof of the said 
Lutheran Community forever, Requesting 
the said Community to build a Church, a 
School-house, a Graveyard and what oth- 
er suitable Conveniences they thought 
proper." He requested Henry Panne- 
becker to lay out and survey fifty acres 
for the liurpose, which survey was com- 
pleted April 17, 1719, and George Boone, 
to prepare a deed, but through some neg- 
lect this important paper was never exe- 
cuted. The Lutherans entered into pos- 
session, raised a contribution among them- 
selves, built a church and a school-house, 


and had them completely finished m 1721. 
About the same year, becoming more nu- 
merous and the congregation being too 
large for the building, they raised anoth- 
er contribution and erected a larger church 
and school-house "far preferable to the 
former." In 1746 they awoke to a knowl- 
edge of the fact that Sprogel was dead, 
and that "owing to the Sloath and Neglect 
of the Elders and Church wardens" they 
had no title except it was shown by Spro- 
gel's conveyance of other lands described 
as adjoining those of the church. Henry 
Pannebecker, Valentine Geiger, George 
Jerger, Jolianna Christiana Sprogel, wid- 
ow of John Henry Sprogel, Jr.; John 
Frederick Richards and Anna Elizabeth 
Hoppin, sister of Sprogel and a widow, 
February 10, 1740, united in a certificate 
of these facts, and apijearing before John 
Potts, one of his Majesty 's justices, declar- 
ed they were "Real Truth." Upon this 
paper the title depends, and to the happy 
carelessness of the elders we owe tlie pre- 
servation of the history of the origin of 
tlie Lutheran church at tlie Swamp. 

H. S. D. 

Folk=Nanies of Places in the Perkio= 
men Valley. 


At first, of course, there were no names. 
The wilderness did not need any. With 
the advent of settlers tliey became neces- 
saiy, and there was no delay in coining 
them. The people did not wait for the 
surveyor to come with his compass and 
chain to lay out by arbitrary lines the 
bounds and metes of sections of land; nor 
for grave judges to grant humble petitions 
to have certain divisions legally designated 
by formal names. On the contrary, names 
for local use sprang into being spon- 
taneously, and the limits to which they 
applied were governed by the natural and 
]>hysical features of the new country. 
There was a happy simplicity about this 
nomenclature. Apparently no thought 
was taken of what the name should be, 

only that it convey a d stinguishing 

The names so evolved by the common 

people were not adopted by the civil 

authorities, nor were the districts covered 

by them made political divisions. The 
settlers clung tenaciously to the names 
and so for three or four generations did 
their successors. They are still to a great 
degree current amoug the descendants of 
the pioneers. 

The valley of west Swamp creek in this 
way received the name Falckner 
Schwamm — ^in English, Falkner Swamp; 
a double name conveying two pieces of 
information: Falkner, after Daniel 
Falkner, the agent of the Frankfort 
Land Company; Swamp, meadow or 
bottom land, descriptive of the character 
of the soil. The Frankfort Company 
owned upwards of twenty-two thousand 
acres of land, extending from the Schuyl- 
kill river about the present Pottstown 
north-eastward, to the present Penns- 
burg. Daniel Falkner was a seller of land 
and all the newcomers were buyers; 
Falkner was known to everybody in the 
province, and everyone knew where lay 
he land he desired to sell. How appro- 
priate and how meaningful was the name 
Falkner Swamp ! 

The first official name given to any 
portion of the Swamp creek valley was 
Ihvnover township. Afterwards Freder- 
ick township was set up, and later Doug- 
las township, and still later Hanover was 
cut up into New Hanover and Upper 
Hanover. • 

The boundaries of Falkner Swamp may 

be given in a general way as follows: on 
the north are the South Mountains, on 
the south the Stone hills, on the west the 
Fox hills, and on the east the ridge rising 
from the left bank of Society run. Swamp 
creek, having as its tributaries Society 
run, Spack run. Minister creek, Schlegel's 
run and Goshenhoppen run, flows in a 
winding course through the valley. 

Dr. Muhlenberg, in his autobiography, 
gives an anmsing account of the difticulty 
he experienced on the day of his arrival 
at Philadelphia, on Thursday, the 25th 
day of November, 1742, in finding the way 
to New Hanover. He had not heard of 
Falkner Swamp. He says: "I inquired 
of the innkeeper where New Providence 
and New Hanover were located. He did 
not know, but brought in a German from 
the country, who was just then in town 



but lived in New Hanover. The man's 

name was Philip Brandt, and he said we 

might ask a long time in vain, because 

New Providence was known by the name 

of Trappe, and New Hanover by the name 
Falckner .Schwamm." 

License to Keep a Public House, 1806. 

Thomas McKean. 

Pennfylvania, ff. In the Name, and by 
the Authority of the Commonwealth of 
Pennfylvania, Thomas INIcKean, Gov- 
ernor of the faid Commonwealth, to all 

to whom thefe Prefents fhall come, 
Sends Greeting : 

WHEREAS Dnvld Dewees hath been 
recommended to me, as a sober and fit 
person to keep a Houfeof Entertainment; 
and being requefted to grant hhn alicenfe 
for the fame, I do hereby licenfe and al- 
low the faid Dand Dtwtis to keep a Pub- 
lic Houfe in the townxhip of PromiLnire, 
ill the County of Monlgoinnv/ oiicl Comnioii- 
mcalth rif Off said, for felling of Wnw, Rum, 
Brandy, Beer, Ale, Cyder, and all other 
fpirituous Liquors in the houfe where hf 
now dwells, and in no other in the faid 
Coanty of Monhjomery until the tenth day 
of Auguft next : Provided, hf fliall not 
any time during the faid term fuffer 
drunkennefs, unlawful gaming or any 
other diforders ; but in all thing.s, obferve 
and practife all laws of this ' Common- 
wealth, to his faid employment relating. 

Given under my Hand, and the Lefs 
Seal of the State, at DmciMir this twelfth 
day of May in the year of our Lord, one 
thousand eight hundi'ed and six. and of 
the Commonwealth tlie Thirtieth 

By the Governor, Rec'd $8.80 

T. M. Thompson, Sec. 

Where They Came From. 

Evert In de Haven, the original immi- 
grant of the DeHaven family, came from Mul- 
heim on the Ruhr, Germany, in lfi98. He was 
married in Mulheim on the Ruhr to Elizabeth 

Frederick Pannebecker, a settler in 
Upper Hanover township and, in 1731, a member 
of New Goshenhoppen Reformed church, was 
born in Flomborn in the Palatinate. Lothar 
Pannebecker, a brother of the foregoing, follow- 
ed him to this country in 1749, and bought land 
in Upper Milford township. — Judge Penny pack- 
er, in Hendrick Pannebecker. 

Jacob Fisher, of New Goshenhoppen. 


One of the first settlers of New Goshen- 
hopi>en was Jacob Fisher, whose descend- 
ants may now be found in many parts of 
the United States and in Canada. He 
came from Freinsheim, an ancient town 

in the Palatinate, located on the plain 
west of the river Rhine. 

When Rev. John Henry Goetschy, in 
1731, if not earlier, opened the church 
book of the Reformed congregation of 
New Goshenhoppen ("Neu Coschenhop- 
en" ) he entered in the list of heads of 
families the names of Jacob Fisher and 
Herman Fisher, respective!}' father and 
son. His wife's name was Sophia p]liza- 
beth. Jacob Fisher and wife were here 
in 1726 and perhaps several years before. 

As was the custom of the inunigrants, 
he acquired land. He established a 
home in what is now Tapper Hanover 
township. Under a warrant dated Feb- 
ruary 5, 1733, there was surveyed, Febru- 
ary 1-4, 1734, to Jacob Fisher a tract of 
300 acres of land, situated in New Goshen- 
hoppen (written Cowissioppin), in Phila- 
delphia county. By deed poll, January 
17, 1737, he transferred to his son, Her- 
man Fisher, the moiety of this tract, say 
I5O2 acres antl allowances which was 
bounded by lands of Michael Ziegler, 
Leonard Ox, Burgert Hapman, George 
Welgar and Jacob Fisher. It was subject 
to a yearly quit-rent of half-penny sterling 
per acre, or the value thereof in coin 

Jacob Fisher died on tlie 8th of March, 
1748. His wife died before this date. An 
interesting controversy arose as to the 
distribution of his estate. He made a 
will dated April 18, 1747, in which he 
bequeathed to his eldest son, Herman, 
£15 Pennsyltania money; to his grand- 
daughter, Sophia jDotterer, £10; to his 
granddaughter, Sog-hia Wiand, £25 and 
some household articles; and to his son- 
in-law, Weiidel Wiand, the rest of the 
estate. -^^ 

David Shultze, the stam^^ij^y of the 
country people in legal matter's in those 
days, made a lengthy statement to the 
court at Philadelphia, in which he took 
grounds against the unfair provisions of 


the will, and urged that it be set aside, 
although he had himself drawn the will. 
From this interesting document we learn 
that Herman Fisher was the only son; that 
Anna Maria wife of Michael Dotterer was 
the oldest daughter; that Anna Margareth, 
wife of Wendel Wiand, was the youngest 
daugliter, and that these three were the 
only children. The wife of Jacob Fisher 
before her death declared that the estate 
had been chiefly derived from herself, and 
that she desired the children to divide it 
peaceably among themselves. It appear- 
ed, too, that Jacob was of a changeable 
temper and, in his later years, of defective 
memory. In consequence of these repre- 
sentations the following order was made : 
"Jacob Fisher dyed 8 March, 1784, but 
before his death signed and sealed a 
Paper purporting to be his last Will and 
Testament dated 18 April, 1747, at which 
time and long before and after, he had 
lost his Memory and understanding — 
which the Exors being conscious of have 
renounced the Execution of the Will and 
Exorp. Therefore I apprehend that the 
said Jacob Fisher dyed Intestate and that 
Adm'n of his Goods and Chattels ought to 
granted to the next of Kin of said deceas- 
ed to One or more of them in equal Degree 
at ye Election of the Regr. Genl. 
1 Novr. 1749. J. Moland." 

Herman Fisher, the son, was according- 
ly, on November 8, 1752, appointed 
administrator of the estate, the proceeds 
of which were £99 11, which were divid- 
ed January 24, 1754 : 

ToyeEMest Son, Herman Fisher,) 

the Accomptt. 2 shares. j £49 10 5}^ 

To ye decedts. 2 Daughters each ) 

£24 15 2% a piece. / 49 10 f>3^ 

The children of Jacob and Sophia Eliza- 
beth Fisher were : 

* Anna Maria, married Michael Dotterer, 
died January 21, 1781. 

John Philip, born in 1700. 

John Henry, born July 3, 1707. 

Maria Magdalena, born October 12,1710. 

Joanna Margaret, born in 1712, mar- 
ried Wendel Weand. 

All these children were born in Europe. 
The names of some of them appear in 

record of baptisms in the Reformed 
congregation at Freinsheim, as shown in 
these entries, which are given precisely 
as copied by a correspondent sent there 
for the purpose : 
1700 — Johann Jakob Fischer, Eliefrau, 

Anna Sofie ein Sohn Johann Philipp. 

Ohne Datum. 
1707 — Jakob Fischer; Ehefrau, Anna 

Sophie ein Sohn, Johann Henrich, 3 

1710 — Jakob Fischer; Ehefrau, Sofie Eliza- 
beth, eine Tochter : Maria Magdalena, 

12 Okt. 
1712 — Jakob Fischer; Ehefrau, Soiie Eliza- 
beth eine Tochter: Johanne Margarethe. 

The Freinsheim record dates back only 
to 1(J98, the preceding books having been 
destroyed, it is supposed during the 
French invasion about the year 1689. 

In the family Bible of Michael Dotterer, 
son-in-law of Jacob Fischer, is recorded: 

March 5, 1726, is born unto us a daugh- 
ter named Anna Sophia. Sponsors, Jacob 
Fisher and wife. ^ 

In the I'hurch record of the New Gosh- 
enhoppen Reformed church are these 
entries ; 

June 20, 1736, Jacob Fischer and wife, 
Sopliia, were sponsors for Sophia, a 
dauglit«r of Wendel Wiand and wife. 

February 5, 1738, Jacob Fischer and 
Sopliia Lisabeth, his wife, were sponsors 
for Jacob, born July 4,1737, son of Mich- 
ael and Anna Maria Dotterer. 

Among the descendants of Jacob Fisher 
was the late Rev. Samuel R. Fisher, D. D., 
and his son, Rev. Charles G. Fisher, of 
the Reformed church. The line of descent 
is : First generation, Jacob Fisher, died 
March 8, 1748; second, Herman Fisher, 
died in 1760 ; third, George Fisher, 
baptized August 29, 1739; fourth, 
Wendel Fisher, born May 6, 1782 ; fifth, 
Samuel Reed Fisher, D. D., born June 2, 
1810 ; sixth, Rev. Charles G. Fisher, D. 
D., of Philadelphia. 

The Settler. 

His echoing axe the settler swung 

Amid the sea-like solitude, 
And rushing, thundering, down were flung 

The Titans of the wood. 

—Albert B. Street 



Leidig's Burying Ground— Copied by Qeorge S. 


[ It is with much satisfaction that 
we present the inscriptions on some 
of the gi-avestones in Leidig's Bur- 
ying Ground. Mr. Nyce has care- 
fully copied them for preservation, 
and has kindly permitted us to make ex- 
tracts from his record. Tlie lettering on 
these old gravestones is gradually wear- 
ing, time and climate making it more in- 
distinct from year to year. The thought- 
fulness of those who take measures to 
preserve them, for the use of genealogists 
in the future, is eminently praiseworthy. 
Leidig's private burying gromid is located 
in the southwestern part of Frederick 
township, east of Swamp creek. It orig- 
inally contained one-quarter of an acre, 
which was enclosed in 1783 with a stone 
wall. The ground was taken, prior to 
1764, from the adjoining farms of Chris- 
tian Stetler, Rev. John Philip Leydich, 
Henry Smith and George Michael Kuntz. 
In recent years another quarter of an 
acre has been added. On May 9, 1892, an 
organization having for its object the care 
of the graves and grounds was formed. 
The officers are: President, J. A. Sweis- 
fort; treasurer, George F. ]Moore ; secretary, 
G. A. Weida, M. D. ; trustees, Peter S. 
Bitting, I. W. Stetler, Milton F. Leidy. 
The association lias spent $54.00 and has 
a fund of $135.00 at interest.— Ed.] 


Ruhet in Gott 

der Leib des verstorbenen 

Casper Achenbach 

Er wurde gebohren im Jahr 

1713, und ist gestorben den 27 

ten December 17!t8. Ist alt 

worden S-'> Jahr. 

Sein Leichen Text : Denn Christus 

ist niein Leben und Sterben ist mein ge^ 


Zum Aiidenken an 

Elizabeth Bitting 

Gattin von 

.Joseph Bitting 

Tochter von 

Peter SchaefFer, 

Tind seiner Ehefrau. 

Geboren den 10 April 

17%, starb den 10 Februar 

1872, alt 75 Jahre und 10 mo, 

verehelichte sich d : 1 Nov. 1818. 


ruhet in Gott 

der Leib der verstorbenen 

Maria Magdalena 


Sle wurde gebohren den 17 

ten Mertz 1730 und ist 
gestorben den 7 ten January 

1808, ist alt worden 78 
Jahr, 9 nionat und .1 wochen. 

Leichen Text , Philipper 
im ersten Capital den 23 vers 
Ich habe mst abzuscheiden und 
bey Christo zer seyn. 


Ruhet in Gott der 

Leib der verstorbenen 

AmgaeSsa Bittingen, 

Gebohren d : 14ten Feber- 

Wari 1727, Gestorben 

d: 2ten November 1785 

Ihres Alters 58 lahr 
8 Monnat und 8 Tag. 

ruhen die Gebeine 
der verstorbenen 
Ana Gertraut Bitting, 
gewesene Ehefrau von Lud- 
wig Bitting, sie wurde ge- 
bohren den liiten February 
1763, und starb den 26ten 
September im Jahr 1818, 
in einem Alter von 65 Jah- 
ren 7 Monaihen u. 10 tagen. 
Ihr Leichen Text war Capitel an die 
Hebraer das 4 Capitel vers 9, 10. 

Hier ruhet 



geboren den 24 October 


Starb den 3 April 1829 


69 Jahr, 5 Monate 

und 9 Tage. 

Text Philipper 1 vers 



ruhet in Gott 

Magdalena Christman '' 

Tochten des Georg VTichel 

Schweinhart und seiner Fjhe- 

frau Magdalena u : Gattin 

des Johannes Christma". 

Sie wurde gebohren d. 22 

sten January im Jahr un- 

seres Herrn 1789, und 

starb d : 28sten November 

1823, in einem Alter 

von 34 Jahre Vi Mona- 

then und 6 Tage. 

Ihr Leichen Text war Of- 

fenbarung S. Johannes 14 

Capitel vers 13. 



ruhen die Qebeine eines Mitr 

bruders Namens 

Jost Bitting, 

er wurde gebohren den 5 ten Tag 

Ju)ius in Jahr 1713, und ist 
gestorben den 25 ten Tag Decem- 
ber iiu Jahr 1801, 
Sein Alter war 88 Jahren 5 
Monatheu und 18 Tagen. 

Samuel Bayer 

gebohren den 'iten September 

17S0, starb nach kurtzem Ehe- 

staude den :^ten May, 1817, 

in einem alter von 26 Jahre 

8 Monathe und 1 Tag. 

Hier ruht ein Vater und ein 

Gatte den Gottes Hand uns 

frueb entriss, Der Liebe, die er zu 

uns hatte, Weihn wir hier dies 

gedaechtniss die Wittwe und 

2 Kinder. 

Zuni Andenken 


Joseph Bitting, 

Geboren den 8. December 

1790, starb den 1. October 

1869, alt 78 Jahr It Mo. 

und 23 Tage. 

verheirathete sich niit 

Elizabeth Schseffer. 

Zura Andenken an 


Sohn von 

Johannes u. Maria 


Geboren den 24 marz 1778 

Starb den 12 may 1870 

Alter 112 Jahre 1 Monat 

und 19 Tage. 

Verehelichte sich mit 

Margaret Krauss, den ISten 

Februar 1801, lebte in der Ehe 50 

Jahre. zpugte 7 Sohne, u 5 Tochter. 

Text : Ev. Job. 16, 22 v. 

Zum Andenken an 


Margaret Emmerich. 

Ehegattin von Johannes 

Emmerich, und Tochter 

von Daniel und Margaretha 

Kraus. Sie war geboren 

am 9 October 1782, 

verheirathete sich am 

15 Februar 1801, Lebte 

in der Ehe 50 Jahre, zeugte 

8 Sohne und 4 Tochter und 

Starb am 21 August 1851 

Ihres Alters 68 Jahr 10 

Monate und 12 Tag. 

{To be Continued.) 

The Upper Perkiomen Valley as 
Source of the Water Supply for 


When the founder of Pennsylvania se- 
lected the site for his capital, "named 
Philadelphia before she was born," on 
the banks of two broad rivers, whose 
waters rolled by pure and sweet, like 
their sources in the far distant mounta ns, 
on their way to the sea,— whatever hopes 
a,nd fears may have exercised his mind 
concerning her destiny, no apprehensions 
disturbed him that she would not, for all 
time, be abundantly supplied with that 
primary want of human life — water. 

But the development of industries, and 
the growth of population, within and 
without her limits— the very agents which 
made her great and for a long time the 
first city in America — soon destroyed the 
purity andwholesomeness of those streams, 
and the one which flows through the 
very heart of the city — the Schuylkill — 
became foul and freighted with the germs 
of zymotic diseases. Yet from this source 
the chief water supply for Philadelphia 
is derived, although generally known 
that for many years it has been unfit for 
human consumption. 

It became, therefore, very natural to 
look to one or more of the Schuylkill's 
tributaries for a purer supply. Of these, 
the Perkiomen creek by proximity and 
volume seemed the most available. 

As early as 1805 Mr. Henry P. M. Bir- 
kinbine, then chief engineer of the Phil- 
adelphia water department, spent the 
greater part of that summer in the upper 
Perkiomen valley, with headquarters at 
Zieglerville, taking observations as to the 
flow of the Perkiomen creek ; noting the 
rainfall ; taking the topography around 
Zieglerville — the site of the proposed res- 
ervoir — and ascertaining the extent of 
country drained by the Perkiomen creek 
and its tributaries ; also taking into con- 
sideration that the land submerged was 
not very valuable for agricultural pur- 
poses ; the geological formation such 
that the water in the reservoir would not 
easilv sink into the ground ; moreover, 



the surrounding hills would be high 
enough to catch the rainfall from the 
clouds as they moved westward from the 
Atlantic. From these hasty and altogeth- 
er inadequate observations Mr. Birkinbine 
developed the scheme of impounding the 
Perkiomen creek immediately below 
its confluence with the Swamjj creek, 
at what is now called Zieglerville station, 
on the Perkiomen railroad. 

Here is a very curious formation. The 
hills rise abruptly on each side of the 
creek and extend for miles alongside up 
these streams, thus forming a very ad- 
vantageous locality for storing water. A 
dam built across the Perkiomen here 
would convert into an artificial lake what 
was very probably a natural one in pre- 
historic times — before the water had worn 
a gap through these hills. 

The proposed dam was to be sixty-five 
((i5) feet high ; it would submerge sever- 
al hundred acres of land and hold an 
inunense volume of water. In form it 
would be a straggling lake, with arms ex- 
tending a few miles up the' Perkiomen, 
the Goshenhoppen,the Society and Swamp 
creeks. In preparing the place every tree 
and stump was to be removed from its bot- 
tom, a wall was to surround it so that the 
edge of it would nowhere be less than four 
feet deep, the banks on its borders to be 
sodded, and a strong high fence to inclose 

It was estimated that this reservoir 
would hold enough water to supply the 
city for three months if not another drop 
would find its way into it ; although an- 
other storage dam was to be built at 
Green Lane, which would hold almost as 
much, from which the water should be 

drawn to keep the one at Zieglerville con- 
stantly full. 

An underground conduit should con- 
duct the water by gravity to high reser- 
voirs near the city for distribution. 

Such was in brief Mr. Birkinbine's 
plan to supply Philadelphia with water. 
He thoroughly believed in it and advoca- 
it very strongly, but the plan was not 
approved by the people of Philadelphia, 
the public press condennied it, calling the 
creek "Muddy Perkiomen" and claiming 
that it would not furnish enough water. 

But the scheme was never entirely 
abandoned, successive engineers in casting 
about for a purer supply always cast a 
wistful eye to the Perkiomen valley. 

Nothing, however, was attempted in 
this direction until the excellent suggest- 
tion by Mr. Hering of bringing the w'aters 
of the Upper Lehigh into the Upper 
Perkiomen, thereby improving the quality 
and increasing the quantity of the latter. 

Accordingly in the year 1883 an accu- 
rate examination of the Perkiomen valley 
was instituted; and considering the area 
of country, the accuracy of the survey, 
the delicate instruments emjiloyed to 
ascertain the amount of rainfall, the exact- 
ness of the gauges which record the 
number of gallons which flow down the 
Perkiomen creek dailj-, all done by 
parties trained to their work, nothing as 
complete was ever attempted in this 

Mr. Geo. W. Wood, a resident of the 
Perkiomen valley, has for the last eleven 
years made five daily records at Spring 
Mount station of the amount of water 
flowing down the Perkiomen creek. He 
has had under his care for the same 
number of years a rain gauge which runs 
by clock-work, and is so delicately con- 
structed that it notes the minute when 
rain commences and stops and the amount 
precipitated. If only a dozen drops fall 
on the instrument it registers it. Even the 
dewfall affects the instrument. Every 
morning a clean sheet of paper is placed 
in the gauge, which if any tracings are 
found on it, the sheet is sent to the Water 
Department at Pliiladelj)liia, where it is 
kept on file. 

These observations are of great scienti- 
fic value and should not be lost to the 
world. The area of water-shed of the 
Upper Perkiomen valley is 152 square 
miles; its population, 2(3,000. 

The average annual rainfall for ten 
consecutive years ending October 1, 1893, 
as recorded at Spring Mount station, was 
over forty-eight inches. 

The average daihi yield of the Perkio- 
men creek at the same place for the same 
number of years was 182,638,369 gallons. 

An error was found in Mr. Birkinbine's 
calculations as regards the elevation above 



Philadelphia of the storage dam at Ziegler- 
ville, by which it was found that only 
seven fee of its water would flow into the 
reservoirs at Philadelphia by gravity. 
That fact alone stands in the way of its 
ever being built. If the Perkiomen water 
will ever be utilized by the city, storage 
dams will be built at Green Lane and 
higher up the stream. 

Should this be done would it be a benefit 
or otherwise to the people of the valley ? 

The construction of the dam and con- 
duit would require a large force of men and 
several years of time for their completion. 

These men would have to be fed and 
housed and the wages paid them would 
mostly be left in the places where they 
were earned. This would be a benefit and 
a source of profit to those who would sup- 
ply the wants of the laborers. After the 
work would be completed the existence of 
the reservoir would rather be a hinderance 
than a benefit. Those living above the 
reservoir would be hindered in their 
travels, those below it would live in 
perpetual dread, real or fanciful, lest the 
dam should break and they and tlieir 
possessions should be swept away. 

In case of freshets, the dams would 
overflow. The channel of the creek below 
the dam would be filled and over- 
flowed like before. In cases of pro- 
longed drouth the channels would be 
dry, vegetable and animal matter would 
be exposed to the air and sun and thus 
become causes of paludal fevers. 

Taking it all in all the people of the 
Perkiomen valley will be best satisfied to 
see their main water course flow on unob- 
structed, in the future as now, to the sea. 


William J. Buck, of Jenkintown, the 
noted local historian , is spending the sum- 
mer and early fall at his farm at Federalsburg, 
Maryland. ' 

J. N. Faust, M. D., Zieglerville, is a 

member of the Pennsylvania-German Society, 
of Pennsylvania. 

Hon. Jones Detwiler, Blue Bell, kindly 
furnished the original, printed elsewhere, of 
the license to David Dewees to keep a public 
house in Providence township. 

Baron Von Alten, of Weimar, whose 
wife is a descendant of the American branch of 
the DeHaven family, recently visited Montgom- 
ery county in quest of genealogical information. 
On Sunday, May 13th, 1894, he communed with 
the membC'S of Boehm's Reformed church. 


As Described in Thomas F. Gordon's Gazet- 
teer of Pennsylvania,! 832. 

Bedminster, township, Bucks county, 
bounded north by Nockaniixon, northeast 
by Tinicum, southeast by Pluinstead, 
soutli by New Britain and Hillton, 
southwest by Rockhill, and west by Hay- 
cock, townships. Greatest length, 6 
miles ; breadth 6 miles. Area, 18,451 
acres. The Tohit-kon creek forms its 
west-north and northeast boundary, whilst 
Deep run, a tributary of that stream, 
crosses to the east. The northeast branch 
of the Perkiomen creek proceeds from 
the centre of the township toward the 
southwest. There are three churches in 
the township, one on the east, another 
on the west side of Deep run, and a third 
near the Tohickon creek, on the west 
boundary. The town of Dublin is on 
the southern boundary, on tiie road to 
Durham. Surface iol ling ; soil red shale, 
clay. Population in 1880, 1594. Taxables 
in 1828, 338. Taxable property by the 
returns of assessors 1829, $583,438. 

BoYERSTowN, post officc, Berks county, 
159 miles from Washington city and 68 
from Harrisburg. 

CoLEBROOKDALE, towusliip, Berks coun- 
ty, bounded on the northeast by Hereford 
township, southeast by Montgomery 
county, northwest by District, Pike and 
Earl townships, southwest by Earl and 
Douglas ; greatest length 5, breadth 3 
miles ; area, 9600 acres ; surface, hilly ; 
soil, loam and gravel, good quality, gen- 
erally productive ; value, from 30 to 60 
dollars per acre. Population in 1810, 792; 
in 1820, 1046 ; 1830, 1219 ; taxables in 
1828, 230. The headwaters of the Iron 
Stone creek and of Swamp creek rise in 
this township. There is a church near- 
ly centrally situated, common to the Pres- 
byterians and Lutherans, near which is a 
postotfice bearing the name of the town- 
ship, 163 miles from Washington and 72 
from Harrisburg. A mine of black lead 
has been discovered, and a bed of iron 
ore, said to be of good quality. 

Dale, postoffice, Berks county, 164 miles 
from Washington and 71 from Harris- 

Douglass, township, Montgomery coun- 



ty, bounded northeast by Upper Hanov- 
er, southeast by New Hanover, north- 
west by Douglass township, Berks coun- 
ty ; west by Colebrookdale and northeast 
by Hereford townships, in the latter coun- 
ty. The surface is hilly, and soil red 
shale. The form of the township is a 
parallellograni of 7i miles by 2 ; area, 
10,240 acres. The west branch of the 
Perkiomen and Swamp creek run across, 
on each of which there is a mill. Popu- 
lation in 1830, 941 ; taxables in 1828, 205. 

EvANSBURG, post town and village of 
Lower Providence township, Montgom- 
ery county, on the Germantown and Per- 
kiomen turnpike road, 7 miles from Nor- 
ristown and 24 from Philadeli^hia. It 
contains some 15 dwellings, 2 stores, 2 
taverns, a mill and a school house. 

Franconia, township, Montgomery 
county; bounded northeast by Bucks 
county, southeast by Hatfield township, 
southwest by Lower Salford, and north- 
west by Upper Salford. Greatest length, 
3 miles ; greatest breadth, 3 miles ; area, 
5440 acres. The northeast branch of the 
Perkiomen creek, Indian creek. Great 
Pike Creek and Skippack creek, drain 
the township. Surface, level ; soil, red 
shale. Central distance from Norristovvn, 
about 14 miles ; north from Philadelphia 
30 miles. Population in 1830, 998 ; tax- 
ables in 1828, 190. There is a postoffice 
here called after the township, 171 miles 
from Washington and lOli from Ilarris- 

Frederick, township, Montgomery 
county, bounded noi'tlieast l)y the Perki- 
omen creek, which separates it from Up- 
per Salford and Marlborough ; south by 
Perkiomen and Skippack, southwest by 
Limerick, northwest by New Hanover, 
and north by Upper Planover. Greatest 
length, 7 miles ; greatest breadth,'6 miles; 
area, 13,440 acres. It is drained by the 
Perkiomen and Swamp creek, a tributary. 
Surface, rolling ; soil, red shale. Popula 
tion in 1830, 1047 ; taxables in 1828, 208. 
Central distance from Norristown, about 
15 miles ; from Philadelphia, 30 miles. 

Hanover, New, township, 'Montgomery 
county, bounded north by Upper Hanov- 
er township, east by Frederick, southeast 
by Limerick, southwest by Pottsgrove, 

and west by Douglass. Greatest length, 
8 miles ; greatest breadth, 45 ; area, 
about 13,000 acres. The west branch of 
the Perkiomen creek passes through the 
northeast angle of the township, and 
Swamp creek centrally. The surface of 
the country is hilly, it being partly with- 
in the first great chain of hills which 
runs through the State. The j)opulation 
is German, and have two churches upon 
opposite sides of a branch of Swamp 
creek, one of which is called the Swamp 
church, near wliich there is a postoffice. 
The soil is loam and red shale tolerably 
productive. Population in 1830, 1344 ; 
taxables in 1828, 323. A mine, said to 
contain gold, was formerly wrought in 
this township, and recent attempts have 
been made to work it, and some speci- 
mens of the ore have been exhibited at 
Pottstown in the past year (1831). The 
postoffice, called after the township, is 
150 miles from Washington and 75 from 

Hanover, Upper, township, Montgom- 
ery county, bounded northeast by Lehigh 
and Bucks counties, southeast by Marl- 
borough and Frederick, south by New 
Hanover and Douglass, and west by Berks 
county. Its greatest length is G miles ; 
mean breadth, 5. The central distance 
from Philadelphia is 35 miles northwest, 
and 22 northwest of Norristown. It is 
watered by the main stream and west 
branch of the Perkiomen creek. The 
surface is very hilh" ; soil, red shale. 
Population in 1830, 1300 ; taxables in 
1828, 258. New Goshenhoppen is a post 
town and small village centrally situated 
in the forks of the Perkiomen creek, 20 
miles from Norristown, 173 from Washing- 
ton, and 84 from Harrisl>urg. 

Hatfield, township, Montgomery coun- 
ty, bounded northeast by Bucks county, 
southeast by Montgomery township, 
southwest by Lower Salford, Towamen- 
sing and Gwynedd, northwest by Fran- 
conia townships. Greatest length, 5 
miles ; greatest breadth, 4 miles ; area, 
12,800 acres. Centrally distant from 
Philadelphia 24 miles north-northwest ; 
from Norristown 12 miles north. The 
Neshaminy creek passes through the 
southeast angle, and a branch of the Tow- 



amensing drains it on the west. The 
vSpring House and Bethlehem turnpike 
road crosses the southeast angle and 
runs along the east boundary, on which 
lies the small town of Lexington. Sur- 
face, rolling; soil, sandy loam. Popula- 
tion in 1830, 835 ; taxables in 1828, 211. 

Hereford, township, Berks county, 
bounded on the northeast by Lehigh 
county, on the southeast by Montgomery 
county, on the southwest by Colebrook- 
dale and District townships, and on the 
northwest bj' District and Longswamp 
townships. Length 5^, breadth 42 miles; 
area, 15,950 acres. Surface, hilly. Pop- 
ulation in 1830, 1716 ; taxables in 1828, 
310. Shoub's mountain, on the north- 
east boundary, is a striking feature of the 
landscape. It is watered by the main 
and west branches of the Perkiomen 
creek. There are two churches in the 
township, pertaining to the Presbyterians 
and Lutherans, one Roman Catholic, and 
one pertaining to the Schwenkfelders. 
Four forges. There is a postofhce at 
Hoof's inn, which has the name of the 

HiLLEGAss,postoffice, Montgomery coun- 
ty, named after the postmaster, George 
Hillegass, distant 170 miles from Washing- 
ton and 77 from Harrisburg. 

HiLLTOWN, township, Buck.s county, 
bounded northeast by Bedminster, south- 
east by New Britain, southwest by Mont- 
gomery county, and northwest by Rock- 
hill township. Greatest length 6] , breadth 
4 miles ; area, 17,187 acres. It is drained 
by some small branches of Neshaminy 
creek. A small village called Dublin lies 
on the dividing line between it and Bed- . 
minster, at which there is a postofiice. 
Population in 1830, 1669 ; taxables in 
1828, 378. There is a postoffice in the 
township, called Hilltown, 108 miles from 
Washington and 97 from Harrisburg. 

Indian Creek, Montgomery county, 
rises in Franconia township and flows 
southwest into the northeast branch of 
the Perkiomen river. It has a course of 
about six miles. 

KuLPSviiJ.E, postoffice, Montgomery 
county, named after the postmaster, 
Charles C. Kulp ; distant 162 miles from 
Washington and 91 from Harrisburg. 

Lexington, post town and small village 
of Hatfield townshin, Montgomery coun- 
ty, on the line between that county and 
Bucks, 24 miles from Philadelphia and 14 
from Norristown ; contains 8 or 10 dwell- 
ings, etc. 

Limerick, township, Montgomery coun- 
ty, bounded northeast by Frederick, 
southeast by Perkiomen and Upper Prov- 
idence, southwest by the river Schuylkill, 
west by Pottsgrove, and northwest by 
New Hanover. Greatest length, 8 miles; 
breadth, 5 miles; area 22, 400 acres. The Per- 
kiomen and Reading turnpike road pass- 
es centrally through the township. Pop- 
ulation, chiefiy German, in 1830, 1743 ; 
taxables in 1828, 267. The postoffice, 
called after the township, is distant from 
Washington 150 miles, and from Harris- 
burg 91 miles. 

Line Lexington, post town, on the line 
dividing Bucks from Montgomery coun- 
ty, and partly in Hilltown and New Brit- 
ain townships of the former, and Hat- 
field township of the latter. The village 
contains some 10 or 12 houses, is distant 
about 7 miles northwest of Doylestown, 
168 from Washington and 9(5 from Har- 

Marlborough, township, Montgomery 
county, bounded northeast by Bucks 
county, southeast by Upper Salford, south 
and southwest by Frederick, and north- 
west by Upper Hanover townships. 
Greatest length 5, greatest width 2} miles. 
The Perkiomen creek runs along the 
southwest boundary, and Swamp creek 
along the southeast division. Centrally 
distant from Norristown 18 miles. Sum- 
any Town, at which there is a postoffice, 
lies on the line which divides this town- 
ship from LTpper Salford. Surface, rolling; 
soil, red shale. Iron ore is found in the 
township. Population in 1830, 911 ; tax- 
ables in 1828, 171. 

MiLPORD, Upper, township, Lehigh 
county, bounded northeast by Salisberg 
and Upper Saucon townships, southeast 
by Bucks county, southwest by Mont- 
gomery and Berks counties, and north- 
west by Macungy township. It is in 
form almost square, the longest sides be- 
ing about six miles, and the shortest 5^ 
miles. The main road from Sumany- 



town in Montgomery county to North- 
anii^ton pushes centrally through it. The 
North branch of the Perkionien creek 
rises here, which runs to the Schuylkill, 
river,and here is also Upper Saucon creek, 
which flows into the Lehigh and about 
three miles below liethlehem has its 
source. The surface is diversified, but 
generally hilly, the South mountain 
crossing it on the north and sending 
forth sjiurs which reach its southern 
boundary. The soil is gravel and red 
shale, tolerably well cultivated and pi'o- 
ductive. Iron ore abounds on the moun- 
tain. There are two churches, separated 
by the jNIillerstown road, appertaining- 
respectively to the Lutlierans and Ger- 
man Presbyterians. Population of the 
township in 18.S0, 2829; taxables in 1828, 
569; valuation of real estate in 1829, 
$•492,80(3; personal, 134,980. Millerstown, 
a post town of Macmigy township at the 
north foot of the South mountain, is on 
the northwest border of the townshii) ; 
and Emaus, another post town of Salis- 
berg township, lies on its northeast btnm- 
dary. There are in the township 5 gi"ist 
mills, 3 saw mills, 1 oil mill, 1 clover mill, 
1 furnace, 4 stores, 5 taverns and 4 schools. 

MiLFORD, northwest township of Bucks 
county, bounded north by Springfield, 
east by Richland and Rockhill, south and 
southwest by Montgomery county and 
northwest by Lehigh county. Centrally 
distant about 36 miles northwest of Phil- 
adelphia, and 18 miles northwest of 
Doylestown. Length 5J, breadth 5 miles; 
area, 15,923 acres. Surface, rolling ; grav- 
el and clay soil. Population in 1830,1970; 
taxables in 1828, 402. Swamp creek, a 
tributary of the Perkiomen, passes north- 
wardly through the township. Charles- 
ton, at which there is a church and post- 
office, is the only village in the township. 

New Goshenhoppen, a post town and 
village of Upper Hanover township, 
Montgomery county, centrally situated 
in the forks of Perkiomen creek, 37 miles 
northwest of Philadelphia, and about 21 
northwest of Norristown. 

Perkiomen River rises at the foot of 
South mountain in Upper Milford town- 
ship, Lehigh county, and by a south 
course of about 30 miles through Mont- 

gomery county, falls into the river Schuyl- 
kill above Pawling's ford, (i miles above 
Norristown. It receives from Berks 
county the west branch, which joins it in 
Upper Hanover township, jNIontgomery 
county, and from Bucks county, the north- 
east branch which unites its waters in 
Perkiomen township. Further south the 
Skippack creek adds its volume in Lower 
Providence township. Other considerable 
streams besides those named are tributary 
to this river. The main and confluent 
streams afford excellent mill sites which 
are improved by numerous nulls. Upon 
the banks of this creek, 13 miles from 
Norristown, is a mine of copper. 

Perkiomen and Skippack, township, 
Montgomery county, bounded north by 
Upper Salford, northeast by Lower Sal-' 
ford, southeast by Worcester, south by 
Lower and Upper Providence, southwest 
by Limerick and northwest by Frederick 
townships. Greatest length, 5 miles; 
breadth, 4 miles; area, 12,800 acres. 
Perkiomen and Skippack creeks run 
through and give name to the township; 
the first, entering the northeast, and the 
second the southeast angle. There is a 
post office, called Skippack, in the 
township. Central distance from Phila- 
delphia, 25 miles, from Norristown, 8 
miles; surface, hilly; soil, red shale, well 
cultivated and productive in wheat and 
grass. Population in 1830, 1278; taxables 
in 1828, 252. 

Prospect Hill, a lofty eminence of 
Lower Providence township, Montgomery 
county, over which the Perkiomen turn- 
pike passes. From its apex a delightful 
view is had of the surrounding country, 
including the Skippack and Perkiomen 
hills. It is five miles northwest of Nor- 

Providence, Upper, township, Mont- 
gomery county, bounded on tlie northeast 
by Perkiomen, southeast by Lower Provi- 
dence, southwest by the Schuylkill river, 
and northwest by Limerick township. 
Greatest length northwest and southeast, 
8i miles; greatest Ijreadth, 6 miles; area, 
13048 acres. The Perkiomen creek separates 
this township from Lower Prov- 
idence, and Mingo creek, a small 
stream, flows near the western bound- 



ary. The county poor-house is situated in 
this township,on the bank of the Schuy 1 kill 
river. The Reading turnpike road runs 
parallel with, and within a mile of, the 
northeast line, upon which is a tine stone 
bridge, of several arches, across the Per- 
kiomen creek, at which is a post office, 
called Perkioraen Bridge, 150 miles from 
Washington, 82 from Harrisburg and 7 
from Norristown. The "Trap," a post 
town and small village, lies on the same 
road, 9 miles northwest from Norristown 
and 26 from Philadelphia. Surface of 
the country is hilly; soil, red shale, gravelly 
loam. Population in 1830, 1682; taxables 
in 1828,326. 

Providence, Lower, township, Mont- 
gomery county, bounded northeast by 
Perkiomen and Worcester townships, 
southeast by Norriton township, south 
by the river Schuylkill and west by the 
Perkiomen creek. Greatest length, north 
and south, 8 miles; breadth, 5^ miles. The 
Perkiomen creek divides this township 
from Upper Providence,and the Skippack 
creek passes through its northern angle to 
its confluence with the former. The 
Norristown and Reading turnpike and the 
Germantown and Perkiomen turnpike 
roads unite here, about a mileeastof the Per- 
kiomen creek. There is a lead mine on 
tlie east bank of the Perkiomen creek, 
from which considerable ore of rich quali- 
ty has been taken. It is now the property 
of the Messrs. Wetherill, of Philadelphia. 
Evansburg, a post town and small village, 
lies on the Germantown turnpike, and 
on the northeast boundary of the township, 
7 miles northwest of Norristown, and 24 
from Philadelphia. The surface of the 
township is hilly; the soil, red shale, well 
cultivated and productive. Population in 
1830, 1193, taxables in 1828, 237. 

Rich Valley creek, a branch of Swamp 
ci'eek. Upper Salford township, Montgom- 
ery county. 

RocKiiiLL, township, Bucks county, 
bounded north by Richland and Hay- 
cock, east by Bedminster, southeast by 
Hilltown townships, southwest by Mont- 
gomery county and west by Milford town- 
ship. Central distance from Philadelphia 
north-northwest 33 miles, from Doyles- 
town 12 miles; greatest length, 71 miles; 

greatest breadth, 5 miles; area, 19,618 
acres; surface, hilly; soil, gravelly. Pop- 
ulation 1830, 2012; taxables, 1828, 421. 
It is drained by a small branch of the 
Tohickon creek, and by the Northeast 
branch of the Perkiomen. Sellersville is 
the post town, the office is known as 
"Rockhill" post office. It is 171 miles 
from Washington; 92 from Harrisburg. 

Salford, Lower, township, Montgom- 
ery county; bounded on the northeast by 
Franconia, southeast by Towamensing, 
south by Perkiomen, west and northwest 
by Upper Salford. Greatest length, b\ 
miles; greatest breadth, 5 miles; area, 
about 16,000 acres. The northeast branch 
of the Perkiomen creek runs along the 
western boundary, and two branches of 
the Skippack creek pass through the 
township. Central distance from Phila- 
delphia about 25 miles, from Norristown 
10 miles. Population in 1830, 830; taxa- 
bles in 1828, 167; surface, rolling; soil, red 
shale and loam. 

Salford, Upper, township, Montgom- 
ery county; bounded north by Marlbo- 
rough, on the northeast by Bucks county, 
on the southeast by Franconia and Lower 
Salford, south by Perkiomen, southwest 
by Frederick townships. Greatest length, 
8 miles; greatest breadth 5 miles. Perkio- 
men creek and Rich Valley creek run 
along the w^est and northwest boundary, 
and the northeast branch of the Perkio- 
men along the southwest boundary. 
Sumanytown, a post town, is on the line 
separating this and Marlborough town- 
ship; surface, level; soil, red shale and 
loam. Population in 1830, 1108; taxables 
in 1828, 250. Centrally distant from 
Norristown 10 miles north-northwest. 

Sellersville, post town of Rockhill 
township, Bucks county, on the turnpike 
road from Philadelphia to Bethlehem, 11 
miles north of Doylestown, 166 from 
Washington and 91 east from Harrisburg; 
contains 6 or 7 dwellings, a mill, a tavern 
and store. 

Skippack Creek, Montgomery county, 
rises by several branches in Franconia, 
Hatfield, Gwynnedd and Worcester town- 
ships, and flows southwest through 
Lower Salford, Towamensing, Perkio- 
men and Skippack townships, and 



unites with Perkiomen creek about 
the middle of the line which divides 
Upper and Lower Providence townships, 
and 4 miles from the mouth of the stream. 

Skippack, post office, Perkiomen and 
Skippack townsliip, Montgomery county, 
about 5 miles above Norristown, 160 nortli- 
east from "Washington and 99 from Har- 

SuMNEYTOWN, post town, ou the line 
dividing Upper Salford from Marlborough 
township, Montgomery county, about 20 
miles nortlieast of Norristown, 166 from 
Washington, and 98 from Harrisburg, 
contains 12 dwellings, 1 tavern, 2 stores. 
Tliere are three powder mills in the 

Swamp CHUECHES,post town,New Hanov- 
er townsliip, ^lontgomery county, 16 miles 
north of Norristown; contains a Lutheran 
church and a German Reformed church, 
a post office, a tanyard, 2 taverns, 2 stores 
and 8 dwellings. 

Swamp Crkek rises in Pike township, 
Berks county,and flows southeast through 
Douglass, New Hanover and Frederick 
townships into the Perkiomen creek. It is 
a mill stream, has many mills uxjon it, but 
is not navigable. 

Swamp Creek, another tributary of the 
Perkiomen creek, rises in Milford town- 
ship, Bucks county, and flows south into 
Marlborough township, Montgomery 
county, where it unites with its recipient. 

Towamensing, township, Montgomery 
county, bounded northeast by Hatfield, 
southeast by Gwynedd, south by Wor- 
ces-ter, west by Lower Salford, and north- 
west by Franconia. Greatest length oi 
miles; greatest breadth 3 miles; area 5,400 
acres. It is drained by the Skippack and 
Towamensing creeks. Has a church, 
centrally situated. Distance from Phila- 
delphia, 20 miles; from Norristown, 9 
miles; surface level; soil, red shale; popu- 
lation in 1830, 669; taxables in 1828, 168. 

Trap, post town and small village of 
Upper Pro vidence township, Montgomery 
county, on the Reading turnpike road, 9 
miles from Norristowm, and 26 from Phila- 
delphia, 152 from Washington, and 80 
from Harrisburg. It contains 15 dwell- 
ings, 2 stores and 4 taverns, a church com- 
mon to the Lutheran ,;ad Gi^rinau 

Reformed societies, and a school house. 

Trumbaurville, post town of Milford 
township, Bucks county, about 16 miles 
north of Doylestown, 160 miles from 
Washington and 85 east of Harrisburg. 

Worcester, township, Montgomery 
county, bounded north by Towamensing, 
east by Gwynedd and Whitpain, south bj' 
Norriton and Lower Providence, west by 
Perkiomen andno rt hwest byLo werSalf ord 
townships. Its form is somewhat in 
shape of an L. Greatest length 4f miles, 
breadth 4J miles; area, 8,640 acres. It is 
drained by a branch of the Skippack 
creek, which crosses it diagonally, upon 
which there are several mills. Worcester 
church is centi-ally situated in the town- 
ship, distant about 19 miles northwest 
from Philadelphia, and 5 miles from 
N orristown. Surface level; soil red shale. 
Popul ation in 1830,1185; taxables in 1828, 
249. The post office, called after the 
townsliip,is distant 157 miles northeast of 
Washington, 102 from Harrisburg. 

John Frederick Hillegas. 

A sketch of the life of this early settler 
in Upper Hanover township was publish- 
ed in the April number of the Pennsyl- 
vania Magazine of History and Biography . 
It was prepared by Rev. Michael Reed 
Minnich, of Philadelphia, who is a de- 
scendant. John Frederick Hillegas was 
born in Alsace, November 24, 1685, and 
with his wife, Elizabeth Barbara, and 
his sister, sailed for America in the ship 
William and Sarah, from Rotterdam, 
and arriv'ed at Philadelphia September 
18, 1727. Rev. George Michael Weiss 
was a passenger on the same vessel. 
Soon after his arrival he purchased land 
in New Goshenhoppen, where many of his 
descendants still reside. Mr. Minnich in 
his interesting article says: 

"Still in the prossession of the family 
there are fifty French crowns that were 
buried, during the Revolution, under the 
hearth of the old homestead, which 
stood near the present East Greenville, 
Pennsylvania. These have been sacredly 
preserved and handed down as a memen- 
to of the origin of the family and of the 
persecution that drove them from tlieir 

The Pcrkiomen Region 

Vol. 1. No. 2. OCTOBER, 1894. 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 


Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

P. O. Box 316, Philadelphia. 

Past and Present. 

The First Families of the Perkiomen 

The pioneer settlers, of whatever na- 
tivity, were men of positive character. 
The}' came three thousand miles, braving 
the <laagers of a tedious ocean passage, 
that they might enjoy a larger manhood 
than was possible under the social and 
political conditions then existing in Eu- 
rope. They were men of hiirh principle 
chafing under the fetters which bound 
them in their native lands. Had it been 
otherwise, had they been lacking in man- 
ly spirit, they would have slavishly sub- 
mitted to the oppressions imposed upon 
them, borne their degrading burdens, 
lived their humble lives, and passed into 
inglorious oblivion, as did those before 
them, and as have done those who re- 
mained behind. 

Pennsylvania invited them to a broad- 
er life, to tangible opportunities, to un- 
trammelled effort, to religious freedom. 
Pennsylvania needed them to people the 
wilderness and make it fruitful. 

Of heroic stuff were the men, and no 
less their wives, who came up into the 
valleys of the Perkiomen and its afflu- 
ents. They came with their strong bodies 
and lofty aims. They founded families 
whose members in the several generations 
have illustrated the annals of our coun- 
try with their upright citizenship and 
meritorious achievements. 

Of this stock were the Hiesters, Pan- 
nebeckers,Hillegases, Fishers and Dubses, 
whose virtues have quite recently been 
extolled by grateful descendants. And 

there are hundreds more of the first set- 
tlers — whose history has yet to be written 
— who have sent forth equally noble men. 
We do well to honor our forefathers 
by recounting their deeds. We do well 
to emulate the example they have set for 
us. They have established an aristocra- 
cy of real worth. Let us recognize it, 
maintain it and perpetuate it. 

The Editor returns thanks to the many 
friends wiio have spoken kind and ap- 
preciative words of Nu'nber One of The 
Perkiomen Region. 

A reading circle has been formed at 
Collegeville. The subject of local history, 
witli special reference to the locality in a 
radius of five miles of Ursinus College, 
wi'll be part of its winter work. 

A correspondent asks, Why not include 
the whole county of Montgomery in your 
work ? The question is worthy of con- 
sideration. Chicago is annexing the 
state of Illinois piecemeal, and New York 
city is about to vote on annexing its 
neighbor cities. Why should not the 
Perkiomen Region annex contiguous lo- 
calities ? Annexation is in the air. 

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
whose library is located at the corner of 
Locust and Thirteenth streets, Philadel- 
phia, is a literary centre. It is frequent- 
ed by writers wishing to consult rare 
books and by strangers attracted by the 
portraits and fine works of art. It is con- 
ducted in a broad spirit. Its spacious 



lialls are fitted up in generous style, and 
its fire-proof rooms are furnished with 
all known safe-guards for the protection 
of the treasures stored in them. Frederick 
D. Stone and John W. Jordan are the 
rilling spirits in the conduct of the li- 
brary. These gentlemen are cultured, 
efficient, courteous. More than this, if 
the student makes known his object he 
will be sure to receive the benefit of sug- 
gestions from them, and to have placed 
before him all the works in the library 
bearing on his'siibject. A somewhat ex- 
tensive knoivl'.v.l^e of the methods in 
vogue in libraries in this country and 
Europe leads t.) tiie conclusion that, while 
formal attention is received at all of them 
the hearty hospitality and unstinted 
helpfulness that pnn'ai Is at the Pennsyl- 
vania is peculiar to itself. 

Daniel Hiester, of Upper Salford. 


The Hiester family is one of the most 
notable in the state of Pennsylvania. The 
fame of a number of its members is na- 
tional. The place of its origin in Europe 
is Elsofl',a town in thecounty of Wittgen- 
stein, in the province of Westphalia. 
The founders of the American branches, 
three in number, first located in the Per- 
kiomen region, in Upper Salford township. 

Daniel Hiister (sick) and Joseph Hiis- 
ter signed the declaration September 26, 
1737, having arrived at Philadelphia in 
the ship St. Andrew, from Rotterdam. 
John Hiister, their elder brother, arrived 
a few years earlier. "They all took up 
their residence in the first place," we are 
told by I. D. Rupp, the historian, "in 
Goshenhoppen." Here Daniel purchased 
a farm, and located permanently. John 
and Joseph settled on lands purchased 
further inland in Berks county. 


was a member of the Reformed congre- 
gation of Old Goshenhoppen. His name 
is in the original roll of male members 
entered, in 1746, by Pastor George Mi- 
chael Weiss on the churcli register. Rev. 
John Theobold Faber, pastor of the Go- 
shenhopi)en Reformed charge, composed 
of the Old Goshenhoppen, New Goshen- 

hoppen and Cjreat Swamp Congregations, 
made his home with liim from 1766 to 

At the session of the Supreme Court, 
at Philadelphia, on the 11th of April, 
1749, he was naturalized. He took the 
oath. He had taken the sacrament (the 
record informs us) last before his natural- 
ization on March 25, 1745. 

Daniel Hiester purchased land at vari- 
ous times. We cannot give the date or 
particulars of his first purchase in the 
Goshenhoppen region. As early as INlay 
5, 1749— at which time he was already lo- 
cated as a tanner in Upper Salford town- 
ship — he bought five hundred acres on 
Tulpehocken creek, then in Lancaster 
county, now Bern township, Berks coun- 
ty. Septemi:»er 4, 1765, the Proprietaries 
granted to him 143 acres, 88 perches, with 
six per cent, allowance, located in Upper 
Salford township. September 2, 1763, 
he purchased of Isaac Suniony (after 
whom Sumneytown is named) lOJ acres 
in Marlborough township. In 1752 he 
was taxed as an owner of land in Bern 

In common with the other residents he 
had his misfortunes. A horse was stolen 
from him in 1755, and in Saur's German- 
town paper of September 1, he advertises 
the fact and offers a reward of forty shil- 
lings for the return of the horse, and £3 
if tlie thief is brought with the horse. 
The advertisement is in these words : 

"Daniel Hiester in Goshenhoppen in 
Philadelphia county macht bekant dass 
ehm am 23 August ein Pferd gestohlen 
worden, es ist braun, hat einen grossen 
Ball, 2 Gliiss-Augen, 3 weisse Fiiss, kein 
Brand, gehet den Pass. Wer ihn aufnimt 
und bringt ihn wieder der soil 40 Schil- 
ling haben,'und wan er den Dieb mit 
bringt, soil er 3 Pfund haben, nebst billi- 
gen Umkosten." 

He lived upon a property in Upper Sal- 
ford township, immediately below the 
present village of Sumneytown. Located 
upon a leading road, his business prosper- 
ed. He became a foremost man in his . 
neighborhood. Here his children were 
born and reared. He gave them the ad- 
vantages of a good education. His two 



daughters married sons of prominent 
families. His sons became useful and 
distinguished characters in the trying 
times which came when they reached 
manhood. They served the country in 
the field during the Revolution, performing 
valuable services in the patriot cause, and 
after the close of the struagle they were 
called to the halls of legislation in State 
and nation. 

On the east side of the turnpike, close 
to Ri<lge Valley creek, he built a fine, 
two-story brick mansion, bearing date of 
the year 1757. This structure is still 
standing, and its walls appear durable 
enough to last another century. A broad 
hall runs through the middle of the first 
story, on each side of which are spacious 
parlors. The second story is divided into 
bed-chambers ; and above this is the 
roomy garret of the olden time. The 
rafters are of great strength. Heavy 
eaves run along the gable roof, and a cor- 
responding cornice forms the lower part 
of the gable. William J. Buck, the his- 
torian, says : "Nicholas Scull, in his map 
of Pennsylvania, publislied in 1759, 
thought it of sufficient importance to 
have it denoted thereon as Heister's." 
It was a notable building in its day ; and, 
indeed, it is to-day. Doubtless, in the 
Revolutionary period, this residence was 
the scene of conferences between the pa- 
triotic leaders of that vicinity bearing up- 
on subjects of great moment to the cause. 
The late Dr. William B. Hahn, who was 
a great-grandson of the builder, and who 
was born in this historic home, told the 
writer that it was originally provided 
with secret closets, which were used to 
hide the family plate in the times of dan- 
ger before, during and after the Revolu- 
tion. Associated with these conlrivances 
used as safeguards there was something 
of mystery in the olden time ; but this 
romantic interest, as might be expected, 
has been dissipated in our later, unsenti- 
mental days. 

About the year 1774 Daniel Hiester re- 
linquished his business in Upper Salford 
and moved to Berks county. We find 
on the county records that on May 19, 
1774, Daniel Hiester, the elder, of Upper 

Salford township, tanner, and Catharine, 
his wife, conveyed to Daniel Hiester, the 
younger, of same place, son of the grant- 
ors, in consideration of £500 lawful mon- 
ey of Pennsylvania, two tracts of land — 
one containing 143 acres, 88 perches, in 
Upper Salford townsliip ; the other con- 
taining lOJ acres, in Marlborough town- 
ship—both with six per cent, allowance 
for roads. 

March 31, 1777, he was appointed a 
justice of the peace for Berks county. In 
1779 he was a resident of Reading, Berks 

Daniel Hiester was married to Catha- 
rine Shuler. Their children were : 

Anna Margaretha, born June 26, 1743 ; 
married. May 23, 1761, Philip Hahn, of 
New Hanover township ; difed February 
11, 1820 ; is buried at Falkner Swamp 
Reformed church. 

John, born April 9, 1745 ; married 

Hannah ; died at Pottstown, Pa., 

October 15, 1821. He was a colonel in 
tlie Revolutionary war, and after the war 
was major-general of militia. From 1802 
to 1806 he represented Chester county in 
the State Senate, and from 1807 to 1809 
he was a member of Congress from Ches- 
ter county. 

Daniel, born June 25, 1747 ; married 
Ros:inna Hager, of Hagerstown, Mary- 
land ; died in Washington, D. C, March 
7, 1804. He was a brigadier-general in 
the Revolutionary war and a member of 
Congress firstfrom Pennsylvania and after- 
wards from Maryland. 

Gabriel, born June 17, 1749; married 
Elizabeth Bausman ; died in Bern town- 
ship, Berks county, September 1, 1824. 
He held the rank of major in the Revo- 
lutionary war, and he was for nearly 
thirty years a member of the State Legis- 
lature, either of the Senate or the House. 
William, born June 10, 1757 ; married 

Anna Maria ; died July 13, 1822. 

Catharine, married Jacob Bishop. 
Daniel Hiester, the immigrant, was the 
son of John and Catharine Hiester ; he 
was born January 1, 1713, and he died 
June 7, 1795. He is buried, it is said, at 
Old Goshenhoppen graveyard, but as, 
there is no stone there to mark his grave, 
this is not certain. 



Aaron F. Shelly, fl. D. 


The subject of this memoir was the 
eldest son of Francis and Catharine 
(Funk) Shelly, and was born on the 10th 
of February, 1823, in the Great Swamp, 
]\Iilfoi'd township, Bucks county, at the 
ancestral homestead, which has been in 
the occupancy of members of the family 
since the immigrant, Abraham Schelly, 
settled there. His bo j' hood was spent upon 
the farm, and during winter he attended 
the schools of the neighborhood. His 
parents were of the Mennonite faith, and 
his early religious training was with that 

On reaching manhood, he was unit<Ki 
in marriage with Miss Elizabeth Strass- 
burger, daughter of Rev. John Andrew 
and Catharine (Stout) Strassburger. He 
embarked in the business of keeping a 
general store at Sellersville. While thus 
engaged he formed an intimate acquain- 
tance with Dr. Charles Everhart, then a 
physician in large practice, now deceased. 
A new bent was given to his purposes. 
He. resolved to follow the profession of 
medicine, and at once began the prepara- 
tory studies with Dr. Everliart. He next 
attended a full course of lectures at Jef- 
ferson Medical College, Philadelphia, and 
on the 9th of March, 1850, he grailuated 
and received the diploma of that noted 
institution. He practiced at Sellersville, 
Charleston and Milford Square, until the 
year 1860, when he moved to the city of 
Philadelphia. Here a larger field was 
open to him, and his practice became 
large, remunerative and successful. 

Dr. Shelly, by his amiable disposition 
and strong predilections for the healing 
art, was admirably fitted for the work of 
the physician. He met, willingly and 
cheerfully, the constant and exhausting 
demands upon him, freely giving his skill 
and experience to the afflicted. To him 
the alleviation of pain and sickness was a 
labor of love. When the cry of the suf- 
fering reached him, Ije responded. Con- 
siderations of personal comfort, of re- 
muneration, of distant midnight journeys, 
or of inclement season, were no bar to 
his zeal and fidelity. He was a careful 

observer of the advances made in medi- 
cine, and he himself introduced to 
the profession a remedy, named Ingluvin, 
which is endorsed by the highest medica' 
authorities in this country, and is prescrib 
ed by regular phj^sicians in all parts of 
the United States as well as in Europe, 
Asia, and possibly in other parts of the 
world. He was an occasional contributor 
to the Medical and Surgical Reporter, a 

journal of high standing in the medical 

Before his removal to Philadelphia, Dr. 
Slielly had identified himself with the 
Reformed church. Upon taking up his 
residence in the city, he and liis family 
connected themselves with Zion Reformed 
church, of which Rev. N. Gehr, D. D., 
was then pastor. In this congregation 
worsliij) is conducted in the German 
language. He was a faithful and exem- 
plary member, sustaining, generously and 
steadfastly, the pastor and the interests 
of the congregation and the Church at 
large. For many years he held office in 
the church, and at his death he was one 
of its elders. 

In business life Dr. Shelly was held in 
esteem for his candor and integrity. In 
social and professional circles his genial, 
warm-hearted disposition attracted to him 
many sincere friends. In his family he 
was cheerful, patient and affectionate, and 
he was rewarded with the ardent love of 
his children and household. He took a 
kindly, cheerful view of tiie cares and 
crosses of life;its vexations and misfortunes 
rested lightly upon his buoyant spirits. 

For several years before his death dis- 
ease had been making inroads upon his 
physical strength. After the death of his 
wife in November, 1880, he never fully 
regained his accustomed energy and spirits. 

He sank slowly and gradually. His 
pastor and many Christian friends offered 
him the consolation of religion during his 
illness, and he gave assurance that he 
looked forward trustfully and joyfully to 
the transition from time to eternity. 

He died on the l:'3th of October, 1883, 
aged sixty years, eight months and three 
days. He was attended during his last 
hours by his aged mother, his children 
and other kinspeople. 



On Wednesday, October 17, the funeral 
services were held in Zion Reformed 
church. Addresses were made by Rev. 
N. Gehr, D. D., in German, and by Rev. 
D. Van Home, D. D., in English. The 
body, attended by a large number of 
relatives and friends, was borne to Laurel 
Hill Cemetery and laid to rest beside that 
of his wife. 

Dr. Shelly was a descendant of Abraham 
Schelly, who settled in the Great Swamp 
more than a century and a half ago. Dr. 
Aaron F. and Elizabeth (Strassburger) 
Shelly had four children : 

Mary Catharine, who resides at present 
in Paris. 

John Andrew Francis, died in infancy. 

Rebecca S., resides in Philadelphia. 

Oliver S., also resides in Philadelphia. 

Jacob Dubs, of Milford. 

Rev. J. H. Dubbs, D. D. , of Lancaster, 
Pa., has written a sketch of the life of 
Jacob Dubs, t e founder of the American 
family of that name. His production 
appears in the October number of the 
Pennsylvania Magazine. It is marked 
by the graces of its author's style and 
bears evidence of the erudition which 
he brought to the work. Some years ago 
Prof. Dubbs visited Switzerland, the home 
of his ancestors, made the acquaintance 
of its most eminent living representative 
of the family in Europe, the late Dr, 
Jacob Dubs, President of the Swiss con- 
federation, and made researches into the 
family history reaching back as far as the 
middle of the fifteenth century. In the 
y article under consideration he makes free 
use of the material then gathered. 

Jacob Dubs was born August 31, 1710, 
in the hamlet of Aesch, parish of Birm- 
ensdorf, canton of Zurich, Switzerland, 
and came to this country in the ship 
Dragon, which entered the port of Phil- 
adelphia on the 30th of September, 1732. 
He was a gunsmith. We next find him 
at Great Swamp, a member of the Re- 
formed congregation, which Rev. John 
Henry Goetschius, of Zurich, had recently 
founded. He fixed his home not far from 
Great Swamp church, in what is now 
Lower Milford township, Lehigh county. 

He took up a tract of 150 acres of land 
with the usual allowance of six per cent, 
for roads. A branch of the Perkiomen 
ran through the tract and furnished 
excellent water power, which the settler 
utilized by erecting a small forge, and he 
engaged in the manufacture of arms and 
ir(.)n implements. Men called him. Prof. 
Dul)bs says, "ein Tausendkiinstler," 
which was a ratiier polite way of saying 
he was " a Jack of all trades." 

In 1734, Jacob Dubs was naturalized, 
and the following year he was married to 
Veronica Welker, a relative of George 
Welker, a prominent early settler of New 
Goshenhoppen. The children of this 
couple were: 

Felix, born February 28, 1738. 

Barbara, born April 5, 1744. 

Margaretha, born 1746 

Daniel, born Octobei 5, 1748. 

Elizabeth, born October 16, 1750. 

Jacob Dubs died about the year 1775. 
Felix Dubs, unmarried, met death by 
accident in early manhood. Daniel Dubs 
succeeded his father as owner of the 
homestead and the mechanical business. 
H(! was married to Pvlizabeth Schwenk, 
daughter of Matthias Schwenk, of North 
Wales. After his marriage he built him- 
self a large brick house, which is still 
standing, and which, according to undis- 
puted tradition, was the first brick house 
within the present limits of Lehigh coun- 
ty. The youngest son of Daniel and 
Elizabetli Dubs was Joseph S., born Oc- 
tober 16, 1796, who became a prominent 
minister of the Reformed church, and 
died April 14, 1877. The biographer of 
the immigrant is pne of the sons of Rev. 
Joseph S. Dubbs. 

Folk=Names of Places in the Perkio- 
men Valley. 


Along the southern boundary-line of 
Lehigh county lies the vale of Hosensack. 
It is in what was originally called Upper 
Milford township, but, by a recent division 
of the township into two, Upper and 
Lower Milford, the valley finds itself in 
Lower Milford. It lies southeastward of 
Hosensack hill. Hosensack creek flowing 



in a south west wardly direction runs 
through its entire length of about six 
miles There is in it a village and post- 
oflBce bearing the same name. The creek 
furnishes excellent water-power, which 
propels in its course a number of grist- 
mills and saw-mills; its principal tribu- 
tary is Indian creek; it empties into the 
Perkiomen in Montgomery county. 

The sap ascends from the root of tlie 
tree to its farthest branches in the early 
spring. The settlers ascended the Perkio- 
men and the Hosensack and spied out the 
fertile lands in this valley very earlj" in 
the history of tlie ijrovince. Now it is 
the home of a thrifty, prosperous commu- 
nity, set down amidst charming natural 

As is often the case, this locality rejoices 
inmorethan onename. It hasbeeu called 
Hosensack and Hosenhaasen; which is the 
older is unknown. The former, if tradition 
may be trusted, would seem to be the 
name given it by the white settler; the 
latter, that used by the Indians. Hosen- 
haasen has the merit of having been used 
in written history, for in the Pennsylva- 
nia Archives it is stated that at the time 
of the Indian troubles in the Wyouiing 
valley, Secretary Armstrong, on October 
1, 1784, ordered fifty soldiers to report 
without delay at George Klein's tavern 
in Hosenhaasen, which was the public 
house licensed as early as 1759 in the 
valley. Hosensack has the advantage of 
being the name of the post-otiice, having 
thus the recognition of the National gov- 

Rev. C. Z. Weiser, D. D., of East Green- 
ville, who seems to .have knowledge 
of all the local traditions, and who is 
almost as familiar with the language of 
the aborigines as was his ancestor, Con- 
rad Weiser, the famous Indian interpreter 
of Colonial times, furnishes us two pretty 
Btories. "If you were to ask," says 
Doctor Weiser, "any inhabitant, young 
or old, of the valley, whence is this name? 
you would be told of the old legend, that 
once a teamster, who bad been wrecked 
by night, in his dilemma exclaimed, 
'Dah ist es so dunkle als wie in einem 
hofiensnck.' Hence this name, you would 

be told. The late Mr. AVeandt, father of 
C. W. Weandt, Esq., often tokl his scjn of 
the fondness of the Indians for land tur- 
tles. Often could they be seen marching 
through the valley, turning them on their 
l^acks, and on their return bag them and 
carry them to the place where they had 
an iron kettle, into which they would 
cast them, hide, shells and all, and boil 
them into a soup. These turtles the 
Indians called 'Hosen-haasen,' by which 
they meant 'nifibitu with trousers.' We 
have often heard of Pennsylvania English, 
but this is the first case of Indian English, 
and the valley perpetuates the dialect." 

Herman Fisher, of Upper Hanover. 


Among the prominent farmers of New 
Goshenhoppen in the Colonial era was 
Herman Fisher. He was the son of Jacob 
and Poi^hia Elizabeth Fisher, who came 
from Freinsheim in the Palatinate. Her- 
man probably had reached manhood 
when he reached these shores, about the 
year 1726. In 1731 he was a member of 
Pastor Goetschy's Reformed church at 
New Goshenhoppen. He was married 
and the head of a family. His wife's 
name was Margaret. His name is on the 
list of taxables of Hanover township for 
the year 1734. On the 19th of May, 1739, 
he was naturalized by act of Assembly. 

January 17, 1737, his father conveyed 
to Herman Fisher one hundred and fifty 
and a half acres, with the customary al- 
lowance of six acres per hundred for roads. 
The Proprietaries gave him a deed of 
confirmation for this tract on the 8th of 
March, 1737, in which it is described as 
"a certain Tract of Laud situate in New 
Cowissioppen." It was subject to a 5'ear- 
ly quit-rent of half-penny sterling per acre, 
or the value thereof in coin current. 

January 25, 1738, the Proprietaries 
patented to him a tract of 103 acres and 
114 perches, with allowances for roads, 
also located in New Cowissioppen, and 
subject to a quit-rent of ^d. sterling per 

June 9, 1756, he purchased of Christo- 
pher Ziegler and Deborah, his wife, of Upper 
Hanover township, 3 acres, 136 perches. 



The period covered by Herman Fisher's 
active life was about tliirty years, from 
1780 until his death in 1760. His name 
is frequently mentioned in the records of 
that time. In the (Jermantovvn ne\vs])aper 
of October 16, 1755, he inserted a notice 
which shows one of the incidents in the 
farmer's life of those days : Herman Fish- 
er in Upper-hanover Taunship macht 
bekant,dass sich ein geringes Kalb seither 
der vergangenen Faalfiir zu seinem Vieh 
gehalten, es ist Schwartz und hat einen- 
weissen Kopff. Wer es als sein Eigenthum 
l)eweisen kan, soil es abholen gegen bezah- 
lung billiger Unkosten. 

He was remarkably successful in his 
calling, accumulating a considerable for- 
tune. He did not live to a gr(at age; was 
about sixty-five wlien he died. 

Being seri(jusly ill, he sent for Dav- 
id Sliultze to put in writing his 
wishes as to the disposition of his estate. 
His will is dated the 18th of July, 
1760, and it was probated on the .80th of 
the ensuing September. He signe<l it 
in very neat German handwriting, Her- 
mann Fischer. Its execution was witness- 
ed by Wendel Wiand, Christopher Zieg- 
ler and David Shultze. He sealed it with 
red wax, upon which he placed his own 
seal, which was of somewhat oval shape, 
upright, and bearing the initials H. F., 
under which was a fish, and under that 
two crossed quill-pens standing on their 

The will is a very lengthy paper. Itisnota- 
ble for the ample provision which it 
makes for the support of his wife after 
h is decease. The value of the real and per- 
sonal estate devised was nearly £1077 Penn- 
sylvania currency, the Pound being equal 
to $2.6()i|. This paper gives a quite clear 
insight into the home life of that time. 
We give the substance of it : 

In the Name of God. Amen. Whereas 
I, Herman Fisher, of Upper Hanover 
Township, in the County of Philadelphia 
and province of Pennsylvania, yoeman, 
Do on this Eighteenth day of July, in ye 
year of our Lord One Thousand seven 
hundred Sixty find myself very sick and 
•weak in Body, but of sound mind, under- 
standing and memory. Thanks be to God, 

and calling to mind the mortality of my 
Body, and knowing that it is appointed 
for all Men once to die, so do I therefore 
here]>y make ordain and Publish this my 
last Will and Testament. First of all I re- 
commend my Soul into the Hands of 
Allmighty God that gave it, and that my 
Body may be hurried in a Christianlike 
manner As touching to such Worldly 
Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to 
bless me in this Life,I do hereby dispose of 
the same in the following manner, Vizt, 
luiprimis it is my Will that my beloved 
Wife Margareth shall have full Priviledge 
and Liberty to live in ye House where we 
now live as in the Ujiper Stove Room as 
long as she shall happen to live, but in 
Case she should happen to live to an old 
Age, so that it might be inconvenient for 
her to live up Stairs, then sliall she also 
have Liberty to live in the lower Stoye 
Room, she shall also have Liberty in 
the Upper and Lower Kitchen Room 
and in the Cellar and otherwise, what 
may be Necessary for her Use. I do also 
^iveand bequeath to her my sd Wife Marga- 
reth the sum of Sixty Pounds Lawful 
Money of Pennsylva. as the half part 
thereof she shall have soon after the time 
of my Death, and the other half part in 
five years after the Time of my Death, to 
be taken out of my Personal Estate I 
further give and bequeath to her my Bed 
and bedstead with the Curtain and what- 
ever Ijelongs to them, and my Chest and 
one of my Cows, whei'eof she shall have 
the Choice of the Stock to take which she 
will. I also give and bequeath to her the one 
Equal third of all the Kitchen ware and 
Household Goods, whatsoever for her use 
during her lifetime. And further I do 
hereby give to my Eldest Son, Jacob 
P'isher, one Horse valued at Eight Pounds 
Lawful Money aforesaid before out since 
he is my eldest son, which he has already 
received; And further do I give and be- 
queath to my son John Fisher and to his 
heirs and Assigns forever, a Certain Tract 
of Land, being part of one hundred and 
fifty Acres belonging to my Plantation 
Situate in the Township and County afore- 
said, adjoining the Land of George Welker 
and John Mock, Containing forty-five 



acres and Thirty-fsix Perches of Land 
together with the usual allowance at six 
^ cent for Roads together with all the 
Cleared Lands, Meadows and fences and 
whatever is Improved thereon, witli all 
Hereditaments and Appartens whatsoever 
for and in consideration of the sum of 
Sixty-seven Pounds and Ten Shillings 
Lawful Money of Pennsylvania to be paid 
as hereunto directed. And further do I 
give and bequeath unto my son George 
Fisher and to his lieirsand assigns forever 
my Plantation Situate in the Township 
and County aforesaid adjoining the Land 
of John Mock, Christopher Zeiglcr, 
George Shultze and Burghard Hoffman, 
Consisting of three Tracts, and Joining all 
together Containing in the whole one 
hundred and eighty-five acres of land, be 
the same more or less Together with the 
usual allowance at six ^ Cent for roads. 
The first being part of the said one bun- 
dled and ffifty acres, the second being 
part of a Ti'act of one hundred and three 
acres, and the third being near tlie four 
acres Lately purchased of Christophej- 
Zeigler, Together with the House out- 
houses Barn Stables and all that is nail- 
fast to the Buildings, with all the Cleared 
Lands, Meadows, Orchards, Garden fen- 
cing and reals [rails] and whatever is 
improved thereon so as it at Present doth 
stand together with the Roan Horse, tlie 
old Bay Horse, the Horse Colt, and the 
New Waggon, the Plough and Harrow 
together with all the Chains, Collars, and 
(jeers belonging to four Horses, with all 
other Heriditaments and Appurtenances 
whatsoever which altogether he shall 
have. Besides other good Causes and 
Conditions as hereunto mentioned, for 
and in Consideration of the Sum of four 
hundred Pounds Currand and Lawful 
Money aforesaid to be j)aid by my said 
son George Fisher as hereunto mentioned 
And further do I give and bequeath unto 
my son Herman Fisher and to his heirs and 
assigns forever Twenty-five acres of Land 
with the usual allowance for Eoads, to be 
Surveyed to him in two Tracts, The one 
part thereof about the other House that 
I built upon the place, including the 
Cleared field near the same, and the other 

part to be the Cleared Swamp adjoining 
to my said Sons John and George Land, 
together with the Houses, outhouses. 
Stables and all tliat is Nailfast to the 
Buildings and whatsoever is improved 
thereon, with all the Hereditaments and 
Appurtens whatsoever, for and in Consi- 
deration of the Sum of Sixty Pounds 
Currand and Lawful Money aforesaid. 
And I do hereby further give and bequeath 
unto my above named son George Fisher 
and to his heirs and Assigns the following 
Particulars vizt the old Waggon, the big 
ladders, the best Saddle, Two Bridles, 
the Cutting box, with the Straw Knife, 
the Apple Mill, the wind Mill, the Waggon 
Screw, the big Grindstone, the two Iron 
Stoves that are in the House, the Still 
Kettle with the open Casks that belong 
to it and all ye hogsheads and barrels in 
the Cellar, one Crooked saw, the Waggon 
Cover, the half Bushel Measure, Eight 
bags, six Augors, six Chisels, three 
Hatchets, two draw knives, one hand 
saw, a hole saw, an atz, an Iron Square, a 
Compass, a hammer and a pair of Pincers, 
a long Timber Chain, and the Table. And 
further it is my Will That my said Son 
George Fisher or his heirs Executors or 
Adminrs shall pay the above said Consid- 
eration of four hundred Pounds of Lawfull 
Money afsaid on the following Terms, vizt. 
Ten Pounds shall he pay on the 27th of 
May in ye year of our Lord one Thousand 
Seven hundred and Sixty-two ; and Ten 
Pounds o}i the 27th day of May Anno 
One Thousand Seven hundred and Sixty 
three, and Twenty Pounds on the 27th 
day of May i\.nno One Thousand Seven 
hundred and Sixty-four and Twenty 
Pounds on every 27th day of May in every 
year then following, until the abovesaid 
Sum be fully paid except so mitch as may 
happen to be for his hereditary share and 
portion, the same shall be allowed him 
on his last Terms. And further shall he 
or his heirs Exors Administrators or Suc- 
cessors yearly give to my said beloved 
Wife Margareth, for her yearly Substance 
Eight bushels of Wheat, Seven Bushels of 
Rye, and Seventy Pounds M'eight of Burg 
[Pork] and Thirty Pounds Beef and 
Twenty Pounds Flax and Twenty Pounds 



of Toe and Six Pounds of Wool and Two 
Barrels of Cyder; he shall also keep for 
her one Cow in his fodder in Summer 
and [Winter] time as Good as his own, 
and shall give her every fifth gallon of Dis- 
tilled Liquor as he shall get of the Produce 
of the Orchard of my sd Plantation and 
and shall Carry her Corn to the Mill and 
the Meal home again for . her Use, and 
shall cut and Carry fire Wood for her as 
much as she may have Necessary fit for 
lier Use during her Life Time, She shall 
also have Liberty yearly to Chuse Ten 
Apple Trees in any of the two Orchards 
for her own Use which she Pleases to take. 
She shall also have Liberty at any Time 
to Take one of my said Son's Horses for 
her use to Travel to any of uiy Children 
when she may have it Necessary, or 
whenever she thinks fit to go Elsewhere, 
She shall also have for her Use the one 
Kitchen Garden that is behind the Sta- 
bles, all which above described Particu- 
lars of her yearly subsistance shall be 
firmly and Trul}' held observed and per- 
formed by my said son George Fisher, 
his Executors, Administrators or Suc- 
cessors during her Life Time, according 
to the True Intent and meaning hereof, 
and further is it my Will that my Wife 
Margareth shall also have the Table in 
the Upper Room, she shall also have and 
keep two more Beds with the Bedsteads 
and what belongs to them for the use of 
my Children. And further do I give 
and bequeath to my son Joiin the other 
Plough with the Swingle Tree and what 
belongs to it as also two pair of Tresses 
and two pair of Ham s. And further is 
it my Will that ye third Iron Stove that 
is in the other house on the said Twen- 
ty-five acres shall be left there and 
remain for my son Herman his heirs 
and Assigns and for their Use and Be- 
hoof. And further is it my Will, That 
my said son John or his executors or ad- 
ministrators shall pay ye abovesaid Con- 
sideration of sixty-seven Pounds and 
Ten shillings Lawfull Money aforesaid 
on the following Terms as Ten pounds 
on ye 27th day of May Anno One Thou- 
sand seven hundred and Sixty-four, and 
then Ten Pounds in Every year then fol- 

lowing on every 27th day of May, uutill 
the said sum be paid. Except what may 
be his hereditary Share and Portion he 
may deduct and keep for his own use 
and behoof forever. And my son Her- 
man shall pay so much of the abovesaid 
Consideration of sixty Pounds as by him 
then shall be due (his hereditary share 
first deducted) at one Term on the 27th 
Day of May Anno One Thousand Seven 
Hundred and Sixty-five And it is fur- 
ther my Will, That my hereunto named 
Executors shall rent out the said House 
with the field on the aid Twenty-five 
acres, for the Benefit of my Children, 
untill my said son Herman shall take 
the said Place and Land in possession, 
or until he is at his age of one and 
1 wenty years. My said Executors shall 
also receive all the abovesaid Sums of 
my said Sons in order to divide and dis- 
pose of the same amongst all my Chil- 
dren according to this ni}- last Will and 
Testament. And further is it my Will, 
That my hereunto named Executors 
shall also give and Provide for my 
younger Children when they come to 
their age, or when They Shall happen 
to marry, as much as I have given to my 
eldest Children, That is to sa}^ as much 
to my youngest Sons as ni}' eldest have 
got, and as much to my youngest daugh- 
ters as my eldest daughters have got, 
in Money and Household goods. And 
further Do I give and bequeath all my 
Estate Chattels and Household goods 
(T hat are not separately bequeathed by 
me to anyone herein) unto all my Chil- 
dren, as to my five sons, named : Jacob 
and John and George and Herman and 
Wendell Fisher, and to my Six Daugh- 
ters, as Anna Mary and Catharina and 
Barbara and Margareth and Sophia and 
Christina, and to their Heirs and As- 
signs forEver. That the same may be 
equally divided between and among 
them so that every one of them may get 
as much as ye other. And I do hereby 
nominate ordain constitute and appoint 
my beloved wife Margareth Fisher and 
my eldest son Jacob Fisher and my 
Trusty and beloved friend John Mock to 
be the sole Executors of this my last 



Will and Testament, and I do hereby 
fully Impower my above named Two 
Bxecutors as Jacob Fisher and John 
Mock, and give them hereby authority 
for me and in my name to sign seal and 
deliver L,awfull deeds for all my Lands 
and Plantation as above by me bequeath- 
ed to my above named three sons John 
and George and Herman Fisher, accord- 
ing to the true intent hereof. And I do 
hereby ratify declare publish and con- 
firm this and no other to be my last Will 
and Testament In Witness and Con- 
firmation whereof I have hereunto set 
my hand and seal on 3'e day and year 
as first above written. 

Hermann Fischer, \ seai. [- 

An inventory of his estate was made 

on the 9th da}' of September, 1760, by 

Wendel Wiand and Christopher Ziegler. 

His real estate was appraised as follows . 

^ : Shi. : Pence 
The Plamation of the 
said Herman Fisher, con- 
taining aboiTt 185 acres 
of Land, with Two 
Horses, and several sorts 
of Household Goods 
with all other appurte- 
nances, as mentioned 
in his will, was bequeath- 
ed by him to his son 
George Fisher, for the 
Consideration of 400 : o : o 

Forty-five acres of Land 
he bequeathed to his 
son John Fisher, for the 
Consideration of 67 : 10 : o 

Twenty five Acres of 
Land with a House and 
appurtenances he be 
queathed to his son Her- 
man Fisher, for the val- 
ue of 60 : o : o 

The Real Estate amount- 
ing to ^527 

The personal property 
was appraised at 319 

but at the public vendue 
which followed it 
brought in excess of the 

The children had receiv- 
ed advances amounting 





55 : 17 

173 : 13 

making a total of ^^1076 : 19 : 10 

In the settlement we find paj'ments 
made to Henry Moll, smith ; Michael 
Huber, tailor ; Peter Mowre, shoemak- 
er ; Melchior Suesholtz, for smith work; 
Ferdinand Kelner was paid for schooling 
one shilling, six pence ; Cornelius Law- 
rence was paid for rum at the vendue 
eight shillings, eight pence. Jacob Dirr 
was the crier of the vendue. In the in- 
ventory of personal property were in- 
cluded : Ready money found, £6g. i. o; 
Bond of John Fisher, ^80. o. o ; Note of 
Jacob Fisher, £10. o. o ; Debt of Roland 
Young, /o. 2. 6. 

The wife of Herman Fisher we believe 
to have been Margaret Mack, daughter 
of John and Margaret Mack, but no re- 
cord to prove this has up to this time 
been found by the writer. 

The children of Herman and Margar- 
et Fisher were : 

Jacob, married Hanna Danckler 

Anna Mary. 

Anna Catharina, born April 10, 1731 ; 
baptized in August, 1731 ; sponsors, John 
Mack and wife ; married Roland Young; 
died May 8, 18 12, aged 81 years, 3 weeks, 
8 days ; buried at Falkner Swamp Re- 
formed church. 

Maria Barbara, baptized July 15, 1733. 

Johannes, born February 6, 1735 ; bap- 
tized August I, 1736 ; sponsors, John 
Mack and wife Margaretha ; married 
October 9, 1759, Catharine Gabel. 

Anna Margaretha, born February 23, 
1737 ; baptized May 8, 1737 ; sponsors, 
Wendel Wiand and wife ; married Janu- 
ary 8, 1760, Ludwig Bender; died April 
13, 1808, aged 71 3'ears, i month, 2 weeks, 
6 days ; buried at Falkner Swamp Re- 
formed church. 

John George, baptized August 19,1739; 
sponsor, John George Mack ; married 
May 12, 1 76 1, Anna Barbara Eberhard. 

Sophia, confirmed in 1761. 


Wendel, married May 26, 1767, Juli- 
ana Schneider, d aughter of Adam 
Schneider, of Douglas township. 

Christina, baptized Februauy 12, 1749; 
married June 28, 1768, John Segler, son 
of John Segler, of New Goshenhoppen. 


Payments for Land by Original Purchasers in the Perkiomen Country. 

[The entries made in the journal kept in the Land Office of the Proprietaries of 
Pennsylvania give as clear an insight into the land transactions of the original set- 
tlers with the Penns as can be obtaine<l at this time. James Steel was the man who 
kept the accounts, and he did his work in a methodical and thoroughly business-hke 
manner. His penmanship is beautiful, and his explanatory phrasing is intelligible. 
His spelling of the liidian names given to the several localities is worthy of note. His 
treatment of the names of tlie German purchasers is not happy — he makes sad work 
of it ; but under the circumstances this is not surprising : he was unfamiliar with 
their language, and little pains was deemed necessary at that time in writing the 
names of these people. In copying from this record, we have taken care to follow 
the orthography, the abbreviations and the wording of the original ; but in some 
cases — because of the entries being in combination with those not pertaining to our 
subject — it was impracticable to make exact transcripts. ] 

4 mo 7, 1712. Saml Sellers, of Darby, reed of him quitrent 

for 292 acres in New Bristol township Phila- 

da 11 years in full pd J L 19, 2 mo, 1701. £ 3 15 6 

11 mo(Jany) 10, 1712-3. Jonas Potts, reed of him for £15 old Cur. due 

for 5 ys Quit Rent of 200 as. of land in the 
Manor of Gilbts leased to him by the late 
Comrs for sd term @, £3 pr an 115 

1 mo 20, 1713-4. AViiliam Strepers. reed of him qaitrent for 

500 as. Telners Townp 8 yrs in full 40s— 2 15 

9 mo 10, 1714. Job Goodson. reed of him for 31 as. added to 

his Tract near Bebbers Townp @ 4s 

p acre £6 4 

Quitrent for said land in part £0 6 9 9 

6 13 

5 mo. 3, 1714. James Hamer. reed of him in part of £75 

for 300 as. of land in the Manor of Gilberts 13 4 

1 mo. 14, 1715. • Richard Lewis of Gwyned and Ellis Williams 

of Goshen Dr. For 300 acres in the Manr 
of Gillx^rts formerly granted to Robert Ed- 
ward who never comply'd with the grant 
nor paid anj' part of the Consideration and 
being now dead the same is granted to the 
above Persons who married his Daughters 
© £31 4 p ct £93 12 

Quitrent for same land 13 ys 39s 2 12 

96 4 

3 mo. 18, 1715. George Burson. reed in fall for 320 as. grant- 

ed him in ye Manr of Gilberts £25prct 19th 
3 mo 1714 and not entered till now to be pd 
3 months after survey £80 

for Interest for sd £80 seven months 
& an half 4 


5 mo (July) 19, 1715. Thomas Potts, reed of him part for land in 

Gilberts Manor purchased by him of Rich- 
ard Lewis and Ellis Williams 26 11 
For ye remainder £22 he gives his obli- 
gation payable 19th 11 mo next. 
1 mo. 6, 1717. Richard Jones of Parkeoming. reed of him in 

part 5 

for 180 acres sold him the 6th 1st mo last for 

£40 whereof £20 was to be paid in 3 mo & 

the other £20 in 9 months wth 6 mos Intt 

for the same £40 

9 months Interest to this day 2 8 

£42 8 



1 nio (March) 7, 1717. 

1 mo 9, 1717. 

11 liijo. 25, 1717. 

1 mto 15, 1717-8. 

1 mo 15, 1717-18, 
1 mo 22, 1717-8. 

9mo. 18, 1718. 

9 mo 27, 1718. 

9 mo 28, 1718. . • 

10 mo 26, 1718. 

2 mo 14, 1719. 

4 mo (June) 5, 1719. 

9 mo 12, 1719. ' 

John Pawhng. reed Quitrent for 500 as. at 
Perc(ueaming 8 ys in full £2 

James Hamer. reed of him. further in part 

James Robinson, reed of him for 3^ ys Quit- 
rent due on 600 as. of land near Skipack in 
Philada Co granted to Jas. Diekinson £110 

Michl Atkinson late of Frankford Dr. . for , 250 
as. at the Great Swamp in Bucks Co granted 
him for £33 6 8 to be paid at survey we 
was made the 28th day of ye 1 

mo 1716 £33 6 8 

Interest from the time of survey 

for the said sum 4 17 10 

'^ Hans Yeost Hide, reed for quitrent for 100 as 
10 ys and 50 as 14 ys near Skippaek 
in full £0 17 0— 

Peter Wents. reed quit rent for 100 as 10 ys 
and 50 as 14 y^ near Skippaek in full £0 17^0 — 

John Bull of Parkeawmink Creek, reed of 
John Widdefield for him 
in part for 300 as of land granted him in the 
Manr of Gilbts ye last 1 mo for which he 
was to pay in September last £90 and three 
months Interest £90 00 

Interest for 9 months & 3 weeks 

on the said sum 5 13 4 

£95 13 4 

Thomas Rol)6rts of the Great Swamp Dr. for 
250 as. at the Swamp granted for £33 6 8 
for Interest for the same 18 months 4 

Jonas Potts, reed of him for the Proprietors 
part of a stray horse by him sold 

Riehd Jones of Parkeomink. 
further in part foi- his Land 

reed of him 

John Bull, reed of John Widdefield and 
Willm Branson on his aect 

Jairies Hamer. reed of him further in part 

Henry Penabaker Dr. for 500 as. granted him 
near the branches of Parqueawming at 
£13 10 per ct 

Same day Henry Penabaker is credited with 
10 casks Flour del'd quantity 18 cwt qr 5 
lbs at lis pr ct and the 10 Casks at 19id. 
pr pc £10 14 8 

Joseph Richardson Dr. , For Quit rent for 929 
as. the Tract where he now dwells 19 ys in 
full £8 13 6 £11 11 4^ 

For cash ordered by him to be 

paid Edward Farmer 
For cash paid himself in full for 

a Defieieiicy found in his Tract 

71 acres 


9 4i 

2 13 4 
16 1 6 


38 4 6 . 

12 8. 

1 '2 8 ■ 

25 .0 ) 

.37 6 8 

2 5 

10 1 6 

16 10 


67 10 

25 9' 

(To be ConHnued.) 




Leidig's Burying Ground— Copied by George S. 

(Continued from No. 1.) 

ruhet der leib der 

Sie wurde geboren im Jahr 
1728 den 29ten Octo- 
ber und ist gestorben im Jahr 

1800 den 25ten Septem- 
ber. Ist alt worden 71 Jahr 
10 Monath und 25 Tag. 


Andenken an 

Henrich Grob, 

Er wurde geboren den 

2ten Tag November 


Er ist gestorben den 

ISten October im .Jahr 


Erbrachte sein Alter 

auf 85 Jahr 10 M. 27 Tage. 


aus Eindlicher Liebe 


verewigten Frau 

Maria Salome 


Ehefrau des Michael Kuntz, 

Sie wurde geboren den 28ten 

November 1745, starb den 4ten 

December 18:v2, ihres Alters 

87 Jahre und 6 Tage. 
Leichentext: OfFenbarung 
Johannes Cap. 14 vers 13. 


lese und erinre 

dich des weyland gewesenen 

Johannes Herger, 

deseu entschlafenen Glieder 

hier die Auferstehung erwarten 

Er wurde in diesem Abendlande 

gebohren den 2teu May 1721, 

und starb den 5ten December 1795, 

in einem gesegneiem alter von 

74 Jahr 7 Monath und 2 Tag. 

Leichen Text, Psalm 31 Vers 6. In 

deine Hiinde befehle ich meinen Qeist: etc. 

ruhet in Gott 
der Leib der verstorbenen 
Maria SHlomc Herriger. 
Sie wurde gebohren in Deutsch- 
land in der Pfaltz den 15ten Tag 
Aprill im Jahr 1719, 
und starb den 24ten Tag No- 
vember im Jahr 18110 
Ist alt worden 81 Jahr 7 
Monathe und 9 Tage 
Leichen Text. 2 Petri am 3, Vers 9, 


Memory of 

EsTBR, wife of 

Rev. R. T. HERMAN, 

Pos. of Rev. LEIDICH, 

childof Jac. ana Maria 

Born .Tan. 30, 1807. 

Died July 2, 184S. 

Text, Ev. John, 8. 51, 


ruhen in Gott 
die gebeine des verstorbenea 

Michael Kuntz. 
Er wurrte in diesem Abend . 
Lande gebohren den 7ten 
Tag July im Jahr unsers 
Herrn 1742, utid starb 
den 7ten July im Jahr 
1824, in eimem gesegne- 
tem Alter von 82 Jahren, 
Viel besser ist gestorben 
Als in der Welt gelebt 
Die Schwachheit ist verdorben 
Wo innen Mann geschwebt 
Gott eilet rait den seinen 
Zurschoaen Himmels pracht 
Wer mag nun den beweinen 
Der bei den Englen lacht. 


memory of 


who departed this life 

July 15th 1810 aged 

6ii years 1 Month and 

15 days. 


memory of 

Frederick Koons, 

who departed this life 

August 19th 1S23, aged 7i> years 

1 Month and 13 days. 


memory of 

MARY KOONS, wife of 

Frederick Koons, 

who departed this life 

July 31st 1825 aged 

75 years 3 months and 

24 days 

Here Lieth the Body of 


who departed this life 

August the 12th 1794 

Aged 5(t Years 5 Months 

and 2 Days. 

C To be Continued.) 

Family Relics. 

We shall be glad to publish descriptions 
of objects of antiquarian interest — old 
Bibles, pictures, samplers, clocks, house- 
hold articles, etc. 



OId=Time News. 


Andrew Bradford's American Week]}' 
Mercurj^, Philadelpliia,Thursday, Novem- 
ber 2, 1727 : On Sunday Night Last 
between the Hours of Ten and Eleven, 
we had a Small Shock of an Earthquake, 
which awaked some People out of their 


Saur's Germantown paper, November 
16, 1744 : Es sind 4 Gold-Stiicker gefun- 
den worden auf Maddedsche. Wer sie 
verlohren liat, kan nachfragen bey Jacob 
Hoch in Hannover-Taunschip, 2 Meil von 
der Schulkil und wider haben : wan er 
die richtigen Kennzeichen anzeiget. 


The same, January 16, 1745 : Es liegt 
eine Bibel und Brief zu Germantown 
beym Drucker vor Herman Jung in Soli- 
forts Taunschip. Der bringer hat 4 Si-hil- 
ling davor bekommen. 

A dyer's announcement. 
The same paper, April 16, 1749 : Hein- 
rich Peter, ein Blaufiirber, macht seine 
Wohnung im Falckner-Schwamm, an der 
Strass auf der gegend von Jan Neiss, 
Jacob Meyer (Waldorffer), und Philip 
Hahn. Er wird Le ne i blau fiirben v r 
16 Pens, griin und roth vor 18 Pens, und 
andere Farben wie ■ s begehrt wird, auf 
Wiillen vor 6 Pens das Pfund. 


The same, November 9, 1759 : Es wird 
bekant gemacht, dass die Reformirte 
Gemeine in New-Hanover oder Falckener 
Schwamm gern einen Schulineister hiitte, 
wan sich nun Jemand findet, der tiichtig 
ist zu solcher Bedienung, und will sich 
bey den Vorsteher einlinden, deii wollen 
sie so versorgen, dass er nichtsoll Ursach- 
en haben mit Billigkeit zu klagen. 


From the same, January 16, 1756 : Den 
Tag vorm neuen Jahr haben die Menonis- 
ter von Schipbach und die ferner hinauf 
wohnen 7 Wagen mit Mehl und anderui 
Proviant nach Bethlehem und Nazareth 
gesandt, vor die armeLeute welchedahin 
gofliichtet sind wegen die Indianern. 

Two week's later, on February 1, 1756, 
appeared the following : Wir horen dass 
nach dem es bekant worden dass eine 
gross Menge IMenschen nach Bethlehem 
geflohen, so haben nicht nur etwa die 
Menonisten allein, sondern Lutherische, 
Reformirte und Schwenkfelder ihre Ga- 
ben zusammen getragen; und Mehl nebst 
anderin Proviant hinauf gesandt, zum 
Unterhalt der Armen vertriebenen Ijeu- 
ten daselbst. 

Our Revolutionary Sires. 


Died, November 10, 1854, in Upper 
Milford, Lehigh county, John Shuler, a 
veteran of the Revolution, aged ninety- 
eight years, seven days. 


February 5, 1833, the Legislature grant- 
ed an annuity of $40 to Matthew Geoige. 

Died, Januarj' 26,1847, at tlie residence 
of Daniel Bruner, Lower Providence, 
Matthew George, in the 86th year of his 

He entered the Revolutionary ai'iny as 
a soldier at the age of 15, and after having 
served during the whole period of the war, 
returned to his relatives and friends 
without a wound. He was buried at 
Providence Presbyterian church. The 
Washington Grey Artillerists buried him 
with military honors. 


Died, May 16, 1844, Abraham Weaver, 
of Worcester township, a Revolutionary 
soldier, aged eighty-seven years, one 
month, twentj^-eight days. 


of New Hanover, entered the Revolu- 
tionary army at the age of nineteen; was 
at Valley Forge, in the battles of Brandy- 
wine, Germantown and others, serving 
until the end of the war. He was a wheel- 
wright and farmer. He died August 28, 
1832, aged seventy-five years, four days. 

Indian Summer. 

How fuse and mi.(:, with what uufelt degrees, 
Clasped by the faint horizon's languid anus, 

Each into each, the hazy distances ! 
The softened season all tlie landscape charms ; 

Those hills, my native village that embay, 

In waves of dreamier purple roll away. 
And floating in mirage seem all the glimmering 
farms. —James Russell Lowell. 



Early Patents to Montgomery Coun= 


July 19. Patent issued to John Mark- 
ley, for New Mode of Grinding Bark. 

March 3. Patent issued to John Bar- 
nett, Upper Providence, for Improvement 
in Ovens. 

December 5. Patent issued to Atkin- 
son Farra, for a Double-bored Pendulum 

December 8. Patent issued to Lewis 
Schrack, Norristown, for an Improved 
Balance-wheel Pump. 

October 8. Patent issued to John 
George Kientzle, for Improvements in 

Noveniber 7. Patent issued to Joseph 

Potts, for Making Plough-shares bj' roll- 

iny; out. 


August 27. Patent issued to Obadiah 

Seeiy, Pottstown, for Cast-iron Ploughs. 


May 24. Patent issued to Robert E. 

Plobart, of Pottstown, for Improvement 

in Machine for making Horse-shoes. 


October 12. Patent issued to Matthias 

Halderman, Trapp, f(jr Improvement in 

' the Tree Saddle, caUed the Patent Tree 



November 24. Patent issued to Jacob 

D. Custer, for Invention in Clocks. 


April 6. Patent issued to Ezra Reed, 
of Pottstown, on Canal boats. 

November 19. Patent issued to George 
Harper, Montgomery coun y,for Improve- 
ment in Hoes. 


Sc^ptember 2. Patent issued to Israel 
Lukens for Thrashing Machine. 

December 2. Patent issued to William 
Biirk, Whitemarsh, for Propelling Boats. 


March 30. Patent issued to Christian 
Custer and Daniel Pannepacker, Provi- 
dence township, Pa., for Horse power. 

June 12. Patent issued to George M. 

Weaver, for Machine for Grinding and 

Shelling Corn. 


April 21. Patent issued to Gooding 
Holloway, Montgomery county, for Brick 

March 23. Patent issued to C. Coster 
and D. Pennypacker,of Upper Providence, 
for horse power. 

/Where They Came From. 
Joseph Wiand, a settler in New Goshen- 
hoppen, came from Freinshcim, in the Palatin- 
ate. In October, 17i>l, he made a visit to his 
native place, and announced his willingness to 
take letters for persons who desired to write to 
their friends. H is advertisement in Saur's Ger- 
maniown paper, October 9, 17iil, was as follows : 
Joost Wiand residing in New Goshenhoppen, 
Philadelphia county, a native of Freinsheim in 
the Palatinate, and Adam Hell wig, of Long 
Swamp in Berks county, a native of the Ober 
Amt Alzey in the Palatinate, from Kriegsfeld, 4 
miles from Creutznach, announce that they are 
willing to make a journey to Germany about the 
close of October of this year, visiting Metsen- 
heim, Creuznach, Rockenbausen, Grtinstadt, 
Neustadt on the Hard, and Mannheim. Any 
person desiring to send letters by them, may 
leave them with "^eorgeSchmittin Germantown, 
or with Daniel Levan in Maxitany, or with Jacob 
Hrtb in Philadelphia at the sign of R 'tterdam. 
They promise to deliver the letters safely, if pos- 
sible, and will charge two shillings and six pence 
per letter. 

Simon Keppler came from Aidlingen, 
amt Biiblinger, Wurtemburg. He lived in Doug- 
lass township, Berks county, in 1775. He made 
several business trips to Germany. In 1775 he 
announced his seventh. 

Dewees Family. 

My greatgrandfather, Samuel Patterson 
(ditd in 1815), married a widow, Mary 
Wuichter, whose maiden name was Mary 
Dewees (died in 1825), a daughter of 
Cornelius Dewees and his wife Margaret 
Richards (died 1793). They lived for a 
time at or near JefFersonville, Montgomery 
county, and both are buried in the Pres- 
byterian churchyard at Norristown. 

Information is desired concerning the 
abpve Cornelius Dewees and his ancestors, 
and also ofthe descendants of the children 
(two daughters) of Mary Dewees in hei 

first marriage to Wuichter, who 

were named Sarah, married Brown, 

and Margaret, married 


Mrs. Mary Patterson Weaver, 
3215 Spencer Terrace, 
West Philadelphia, Penna. 




Joseph Fornance, Esq., Norristown, is 
chairman of the committee to issue a volume of 
papers that have been prepared for and read be- 
fore the Montgomery County Historical Society. 
The work will contain over four hundred pages. 

W. H. Reed, Marshall and Astor streets, 
Norristown is making genealogical researches 
Into the Reed family. 

The First Century of German Printing 
in America, by the late Professor Oswald Seiden 
sticker, published in 18S)3, is dedicated thus. 
' To Mr. Abraham H. Cassel, of Harleysville, 
whose unselfish zeal and inspiring example have 
been of eminent service to German-American 
Bibliography, this Book is Dedicated as a token 
of sincere esteem." 

Hon. Samuel W. Pennypacker was 
elected President of the Pennsylvania German So- 
ciety at its fourth annual meeting la Beading, 
October 3. 

William H. Egle, M. D., our State Li- 
brarian, is preparing to move to the new Libra- 
ry building, at Harrisburg. 

A. L. A. Himmelwright, a native of 
Milford Square, is putting the finishing touches 
upon a book describing the experiences of the 
Carlin hunting party in the Bitter Root mount- 
ains in British Columbia, in the fall of 1893. The 
party was supposed to be lost in the snows, but 
after sufleriug inexpressible dangers and hard- 
ships succeeded in getting back into civilization. 
Mr. H. is a civil engineer, a graduate of Rens- 
selaer Polytechnic Institute, and to his frontier 
experience and scientific knowledge the return 
of the hunting party is mainly due. He is also 
a practiced writer. He is engaged in his profes- 
sion at Middletown, Conn., and New York city. 

The Rev. Michael Reed Minnich, wlio 

contributed'"Some Data of the Hillegas Family," 
in the September number of the American His- 
torical Register, is descended from at least four 
New Goshenhoppen families : 

John Frederick Hillegas (i685-17tJ5) and Eliza- 
beth Barbara ( ?-l759); George Peter 

Hillegas (17S5- 1810) and Anna Barbara Horneck- 
er (17;^7-1812) ; Elizabeth Hillegas (1763-1842) and 
John Schell ri7.5-l-l825). 

Michael Schell (1675-1770) and Veronica 

( 1766) ; John Schell (llz- -17.>2) and Veronica 

Maurer (1727-181'i) ; John Schell (175l-i825) and 
Elizabeth Hillegas (1763-1842) ; Elizabeth Schell 
(1791-18o4) and Miehael Reed (1788-1872). 

Mic»^ael Reed (1727-1806), (believed to be the 
son of John Philip Reed and Veronica, his wile), 
and Ann Maria Maurer(— to -); John Philip Reed 
(1764-1836) and Elizabeth Horner (1771-1834) ; Mi- 
chael Reed (17s«-l872) and Elizabeth Schell 
(1794-1854); Maria Catharine Reed (1819-living) 
and John G. Minnich (i811-l892) 

His paternal ancestors were among the early 
settlers of the Tulpehocken Valley. 

Saur's Germantown Paper. 

Tiie first number was issued August 
20, 1739. Its full title was Der- Hoch- 
Deutsch Pensylvanisclie Geschicht-Schrei- 
ber, Oder Sammlung Wichtiger Nachrich- 
ten aus dem Natur- und Kirchen- Reich. 
It was published monthly until 1756 ; 
after that it appeared semi-monthly un- 
til 1775, when it became a weekly. Un- 
der date of October 16, 1745, the name 
was changed to Hoch-Deutsche Pensyl- 
vanische Berichte, but the long handle to 
its name was retained. On the ]6th of 
June, 1746, its name was still further cur- 
tailed by dropping the words Hoch 
Deutsche. About 1 7(58 it was called Ger- 
mantauner Zeitung. 

On tlie 25th of September, 1758, Chris- 
topher Saur, the founder of the paper, 
died. His son of the same name succeed- 
ed him. 

Saur's paper had a large circulation in 
the Perkiomen region and farther inland. 
As a newspaper it was far in advance of 
its contemporaries, furnishing satisfac- 
torily the local, domestic and foreign 
news of the time to its readers. It was 
favored with large advertising patronage. 

To the student of the colonial history 
of eastern Pennsylvania it is indispensa- 
ble. Its pages give not only the news of 
the locality, but they reveal the names of 
the people, their occupations, their wants 
and their troubles. We copy from it typ- 
ical paragraphs in the quaint Gernum of 
the Saurs. Each one is a picture of that 
long-past period ; each one, in imagina- 
tion, takes us back to those primitive 


October 3, 1 788, an act to incorporate 
the Episcopal congregation of Saint James, 
at Perkiomen, [Evansburg], in the town- 
ship of New Providence, was passed by tlie 

Andrew PoRTER,a Revolutionary officer, 
was born in Worcester township, Septem- 
ber 24, 1743. 

The first train passed over thePhiladel- 
phia & Reading railroad on the 9th of 
December, 1839. Tlie road was chartered 
April 4, 1833. 

Vol. 1. No. 3. NOVEMBER, 1894. 

The PcrkiorDGn Region, 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

p. O. Box 316, Philadelphia. 

Past and Present. 

A Red = Letter Day at St James', 

The celebration at St. James' Episcopal 
cimrcli, Evansburg, on Sunday, October 
28, 1894, was a delightful occasion. It 
was the fiftieth anniversary of the erec- 
tion of the present edifice, but the pro- 
ceedings took a wider range and made a 
deeper inioression than the; comnieinora- 
tion of this comparatively unimportant 
event in the history of the parish. The 
rector, Rev. A. J. Barrow, read a care- 
fully prepared paper on the history of the 
chui'ch from its founding, about one hun- 
dred and ninety years ago, to the present 
time. Bishop Whitaker's discourse was 
entirely in touch with the reminiscent 
and commemorative spirit which prevail- 
ed, and referred to the varying influ- 
ences which had swayed the fortunes of 
the ancient parish. The rector's paper 
has since been published in full in the 
Providence Independent. 

The site of St. James' was wisely chos- 
en. It crowns the crest of the hill be- 
tween the Perkiomen and Skippack 
creeks. From this eminence the view is 
extended and beautiful ; beyond the Per- 
kiomen are the villages of Colleireville 
and the Trappe, the former marked by 
the ornate building of Ursinus College ; 
to the westward flows the Scluiylkill, and 
beyond it are the hills of Valley Forge. 
In all directions, north, south, east and 
west, is spread out a pleasing landscape, 
dotted with comfortable dwellings, and 

punctuated with the steeples of the nu- 
merous churches of the several denomi- 
nations which have societies here. St. 
James' itself is set amongst tall forest 
trees, only its square tower rising above 
tlieir highest branches. 

* * * 

To Edward Lane is accorded the honor 
of founding this church. He died in 
1710 on his plantation at Perkiomen. His 
son, William Lane, who had inherited 
his father's land lying on the east side of 
the Perkiomen, by his will dated Janu- 
ary 8, 1732, left forty-two acres adjoining 
the church for the use of its successive 
ministers forever. Among the early mem- 
bers of the congregation were the Lanes, 
Pawlings, Evanses, Moores, Newberrys, 
Bulls, Davises, Rambos, Woodleys and 
Bowyers. These are mostly English and 
Welsh names. The present membership 
is largely composed of descendants of the 
early German settlers in this region, 
drawn from Lutheran, Reformed, 
Schwenkfelder, Mennonite and Dunkard 
sources. The Church of England has 
not at all times found this a prosperous 
field. The advent of a majority of set- 
tlers not in sympathy with its spirit has 
acted unfavorably at times upon the in- 
terests of this church. But the prospect 
of an era of prosperity, like that which 
has overtaken its sister churches in the 
suburbs of Philadelphia, is now encourag- 
ing its membership. 

* * * 

The rector made one statement which 



was somethingof a surprise. It was that the 
old c;hurch of the Augustus Lutheran con- 
gregation, at the Trappe, which wasliegnn 
in 1742, was modeled after the edifice 
erected by St. James' in 1721. We al- 
ways supposed the old Lutheran clnirch, 
built soon after Muhlenberg's arrival 
here, was a specimen of rural German 
church architecture. "The church of 
1721," says the rector, in his sketch, 
"is described as having been a 
quaint and curious structure, one 
story liigh with a shed roof in front over 
entrance door, sashed windows on each 
side, two end ones, and one high up in 
the gable." A picture of St. James' of 
1721 hangs in the vestry room of the 
present building. 

* * * 

A walk in the burying ground, located 
across the road from tfie church, was tak- 
en by all the visitors to the anniversary. 
The Rev. Slator Clay, a former rector of 
this and neighboring parishes, who died 
September 25, 1821, is buried here. Many 
stones bearing the fandly names of tiie 
original members are met jvith. To 
read the inscriptions in this cemetery is 
to read in epitome the history of the vi- 
cinity. A few, of various periods, are cop- 
ied : 


Lyeth the Bodj' of 

John Bull 

who Dyfid Novr ye 8th 

17H6 Aged 62 Years. 

Here Lyes ye Body 

of Elizabeth Bull 

who dyed Novr ye 7th 

1736 Aged 

60 Years. 

In Memory of 

Dorothy Bull who 

Departed thi.s life August ye 

19, 1745, Aged 29 Years. 

In Memory of 

Thomas Bull, who 

Died March the 21, 1747-8 

Aged 42 Years. 

Here Lyeth the Body of 

Catharine Bull, who 

Departed this Life January 

1758, Aged 19 Years 

7 months. 

lames : Shattick : died : y :23 

of : March : 1 731 : Aged : 75 

Years : Eleven : Months : and 

Twenty : nine: Days. 

In Memory of 
Capt Vachel D. 

Howard, of 

Maryland Light 

Dragoons, who 

Departed this Life 

March the l.")th 1778 

Aged 3(1 years 

In defence of A erican 


In memory of 

Captain James Bean 

Died Oct. 16, A. D. 1832, 

Aged 79 years 7 months & 19 days 

He was engaged in the service of his country 

during the whole of the Revolutionary war. 

AUS GOtt GebOren in iesV Gestor 
ben Mlt Deni HelLlGen GelST ver 
SeLI : Den IHr Selt Gestorben UND 
euer LebeN I St VerbcrGen Mit Cristo 
iN GOTT : COLOSSOE 3 ChaP v. 3. 
For ye are Dead and your LlFe IS 
hid With Christ in God : When 
Christ Who IS OUr LIFe ShaLL aPear 
theN Shall Ye a LSD aPear With hIM 
IN GLOry : Here Lyeth the bOdY OF JAN 
SUSAN A LeitbeCher Late WiFe OFHV Casp 
Leitbecher Who deParted this LiFe 
24 of Novbr 1723 Aged 46 Years . 

To the Memory of 
Daniel Markley, 
who departed his Life 
March 21st, 1817, 
Aged i!l years & 5 months 
A life of pain I long endured, 
But when Death came my wound was cured. 
The Doctors skill was all in vain, 
They nare could ease me of my pain. 
To the memory 
Of Our Beloved Mother, 
Wife of 
Daniel Markley, 
who departed this life 
April 12th, 1S23, 
aged 68 years 10 months & 2 days. 
They die in Jesus and are blessed, 
How kind their slumbers are. 
To the Memory of 
Nathaniel Markley, 
Son of Daniel & Elizabeth Markley, 
who departed this Life 
June 29th, 1817, 
Aged 32 years & 10 months. 
I leave the world without a tear, 
Save for the friends I hold so dear. 




to the memory of 

Peter Saylor 

who departed this life 

August 16th, A D 1834 

aged 73 years 11 months 

and 19 days. 


to the memory of 

Elizabeth Saylor 

wife of Peter Saylor, 

who departed this life 

July 18th, A. D. 1835 

aged 75 years 9 months 

& 24 days. 

to the Memory of 
John Herman 
the faithful day 
and Sabbath school 
teacher. Deceased July 
27th. 18<10, Aged 21 yrs 
1 mo. and 19 days. 

to the Memory of 

Rev. Jesse 

Stroud Weber 

of the German 

Reformed church 

D. ceased July 27, I8i;(i 

Aged 2H yrs. 1 mo. and 

18 days. 

Though lost to sight 

to memory dear. 

These two brothers 
and only children of T. J. 
and Elizabeth Weber, were 

accidentally drowned in 
Absecom Bay New Jersey. 
They were lovely and pleasant 
in their lives, and in their 
death they were not divided. 

2 Sam. 1. 23 

Saur Bible, First Edition. 


The Bibles printed by Christopher Saur, 
Germaiitown, in 1743, are becoming 
somewhat scarce. Mr. George S. Nyce 
of Frederick, has two copies of this edi- 
tion, and one copy of tlie third edition, 
1776. In one of the 1743 issues is the 
record of the family of Leonard Metz, as 

1763. June 21-Leonard Metz and Maria 
Histand were married. 

176-1. May 10- A son was born to Leon- 
ard and Maria Metz. He was named 

17(55. November 25- A son was born 
named John. 


named Annie 
1769. .August 1-A daughter was l)orn 

named Esther. 
1771. Fel)ruary 5-A daughter was born 

named Barbara. 

October 2-A daughter was born 


2. November 6-A son was born 
named Leonard. 

December 10-A daughter was born 
named Maria. 

July 4-A son was born ; named 

August 24- A daughter was born ; 
named Catharine. 


Then, all this youthful paradise around, 
And all the broad and boundless mainland, lay 
Cooled by the interminable wood, that frowned 
O'er mount and vale, where never summer-ray 
Glanced, till the strong tornado broke his way 
Through the gray giants of the sylvan wilds ; 
Yet many a sheltered glade, with blossoms gay, 
Beneath the showery sky and sunshine mild 
Within the sliaggy arms of that dark forest smiled. 


Look now abroad — another race has filled 
These populous borders— wide the wood recedes. 
And towns shoot up, and fertile realms are tilled ; 
The land is full of harvests and green meads ; 
Streams numberless, that many a fountain feeds, 
Shine, disembowered, and give to sun and breeze 
Their virgin waters ; the full region leads 
New colonies fortli, that toward the western seas 
Spread, like a rapid flame among the autumnal trees. 

— William Cullen Bryant. 



Our Old People. 


Rachel Nyce, the fdiirtli i-hild of S:ini- 
uel and Maria iMagdalena (Griniley) 
Kepler, was borii January 1, 180:], in 
Upper Hanover township, where now is 
the village of Milltown. 81ie was united 
in wedlock, January 6, 1 821, by Rev. 
John Theobald Faber, to Jonathan Nyce, 
son of George antl Ehzal)eth (Christman) 
Nyce, of Frederick township. Tliis union 
was blessed with ten children— four sons 
and six daughters, as follows : Isaac, de- 
ceased ; Jonathan; iNIaria, niai-ried Joseph 
Weidman, deceased ; Hannah E., mar- 
ried John Jac(jbs ; Sarah Ann, deceased ; 
Isabella, married Peter B. Smoll ; George 
S. ; Samuel E. ; Rachel Louisa, deceased ; 
Esther Catharine, deceased. Jonathan 
Nyce died March 4, 18()4, aged sixty-eight 
years, four months, four days 

Mrs. Rachel Nyce is a Hrieal descend- 
ant, on the paternal side,of Bernard Kep- 
ler, who came from Wurteml)erg, and set- 
tled in West Perkiomen township, at 
Grater's Ford ; on the maternal side she 
is descended from Solomon Grimley, a 
natiye of Switzerland, who settled in Up- 
per Salford township. Between the age 
of four and five years she was sent to a 
school, held in an old, abandoned dwell- 
ing house, used for want of a better 
schoolhouse in the winter months ; it was 
where Mock's mill now is. During the 
pastorate of Rev. Frederick Wil helm Von 
der Sloot, she attended "Kinder J.ehr," 
which was held in the sununer time for 
the smaller children. She was confirmed 
on Easter, 1820, by the Rev. Mr. Faber, 
at Great Swamp Reformed church. In 
those days catechetical instruction was 
given yearly at the parsonage ; the cate- 
chumens came from the three congrega- 
tions which then comprised pastor Faber's 
charge ; confirmation was held alternate- 
ly at the three churches in the charge. 

On the 10th of May, 1821, Mrs. Nyce 
left her father's home and went to Fred- 
erick township, where her husband was 
engaged in the business of tanning and 
farming. Here has been her home to 
this time. 

Mrs. Nyce has an unimpaired memory 

and possesses pleasing conversational 
powers. She relates the experiences of 
her own life and the events that have 
transpired within her knowledge with 
minuteness as to facts and dates. She is 
a great reader for her age, of both reli- 
gious and secular works. She holds strong 
temperance views, favoring prohibition. 
As far back as tiie fall of ]8:;2, she attend- 
ed, in company with her husband, her 
brother-in-law, John Nyce, and Mrs. 
Elizabeth Linsenbigler a temperance 
meeting held in St. Gabriel's church, at 
Morlatton, Doug! assvi lie— probably the 
first meeting of tlie kind held in Berks 
county, outside of Reading. On religious 
questions she holds liberal views, with 
love to all denominations and malice to- 
ward none. 


Jolui B. Roth was b(jrn at Steinsburg, 
Milford township, Bucks county, May 29, 
1813. His parents were Christian and 
Anna (Bealer) Roth; he was married in 
September, 1887 to Eliza Koelck, who is 
still living. His occui)ation most of his 
life has been that of a miller in Great 
Swamp, where he is univers lly known; 
but he has relinquished active business, 
and lives in retirement at 2135 Manikin 
street, Philadelphia. He was a member 
of the Tipj)ecanoe club in the presidential 
campaign of 1888. 


Mrs. Elizabeth Reiter, widow of Joseph 
Reiter, of Trumi)aursville, completed 
her ninety-second year on the 6th of 
October, 1894. Her maiden name was 


Abraham Hauberger, of New Hanover, 
was born in August,1812. He is a harness 
maker and farmer. His father was Peter 
Hauberger, who was a tombstone cutter 
in the Swamp, New Hanover township. 


son of Samuel and Stanffer, was 86 

years old in September. He was born in 
Milford, Bucks county, and resides at 
present at Zion's Hill. Up to a recent 
date he has been quite hale. 


Rev. J. H. Oberholtzer will be 86 



January. 1805. He is the son of Abra- 
ham and .Susanna Oberholtzer ; was born 
near Clayton, Berks county, and now re- 
sides near Centre Valley, Lehigh county. 
He has been in the Mennonite ministry 
for tifty-tliree years, and still preaches 


of New Hanover, was born June 6, 1811. 
His parents were Henry and Mary (Nyce) 
Schneider. He is a tanner, but has re- 
tii'ed from business. He was Justice of 
Peace for a number of years, and has 
held other positions of trust and respon- 


who resides at Frederick post-ofhce, is a 
son of Wilhehn and Christiana ( Detter- 
er) Boyer ; was born in Frederick town- 
ship, February 27, 1809 ; mai'ried Eliza- 
beth Dengler, daughter of Henry and 
Hannah (Swartz) Dengler; they had 
three children : Sarah, the wife of Thom- 
as Smith ; Henry ; Daniel, deceased. 
Keuben Boyer is a descendant of Andrew 
Boyer, who came from thf Palatinate. 
He is a member of the Lutheran church. 
His trade is that of a shoemaker. 

Philip Brandt, of New Hanover. 


Piiilip Brandt received a commercial 
education in Germany. On his journey 
to this country he lost his property, com- 
pelling him to begin life here under great 

In 1734 he was the owner of KM) acres 
of land in Hanover township. His 
property was located in the innnediate 
vicinity of tlie Lutheran and Reformed 
cVmrches in the present New Hanover 

On the 25th of November, 1742, Philip 
Bi-andt was in the city of Pliiladelphia. 
On the same day Rev. Henry Melchior 
Miihlenberg arrived in the city. They 
became acquainted, and formed a warm 
friendship. Mr. Muhlenberg, in his 
Selbstbiographie, 1711-1748, states what 
then occui'red, in these words : 

"I inquired of the English innkeeper, 

'th whom I stopped, where New 
evidence and New Hanover were locat- 

ed. He did not know, but brought in a 
German from the country, who was just 
then in town but lived in New Hanover. 
The man's name was Philip Brandt. He 
said one might ask a long time in vain 
for New Providence and New Hanover, 
for these places were known by the names 
Trappe and Falkner Schwamm. He said 
further New Hanover was thirty-six En- 
glish miles distant, and that he must 
start this evening on his return home, 
although the roads were in bad condition. 
I was still weak and swollen from the 
sea voyage, but not wishing to lose any 
time resolved to accompany him, and had 
my effects brought from the vessel to my 
rented room. Mr. Brandt in the meantime 
iiired a horse for my use, and in the even- 
ing we rode quietly out- of town. We 
fed the horses ten miles out of town at a 
tavern kept by a German, and remained 
here for the night. Friday, November 
2(3, we continued our journey with sever- 
al Germans ; but made slow progress, as 
we could only walk our horses, on account 
of the heavy roads. It was evening 
when we came to the two creeks, Skip- 
pack and Perkiome, which we had to 
cross. The first was low, the other high. 
My companion rode ahead. I was to fol- 
low. My horse was light and weak, and 
the stream being violent he was carried 
down with the current a distance of sev- 
eral rods. Nevertheless, he made his 
way, diagonally, across the stream, and 
brought me up safely on the other side. 
I was soaked with water up to the chest, 
and still had ten miles to ride in the 
dark, to reach New Hanover. This gave 
me a severe cold. Reached Brandt's 
liome, under God's gracious providence. 
Here I stopped over night, and was hospita- 
bly entertained. On Saturday, Novem- 
ber 27, I rode with Brandt farther up 
to vi^it a deacon of the congregation, 
whom I requested to call a meeting of the 
officers. In the afternoon, two deacons 
and four elders met. At my request Mr. 
Brandt read to them the letter of tlie 
Reverenil Court Chaplain Ziegenhagen." 
Philip Brandt died in July, 1744, about 
50 years of age. He made a will, written 
in German, and signed Philipp Brandt. 



He appointeil his wife, Elizaljeth Brandt, 
sole executrix, and directed tliat she 
should assuQie the management of iiis 
plantation and the education of his chil- 
dren until they should reach maturity. 

The real and personal estate was ap- 
praised by Henry Antes, Michael Feedle^ 
Jacob Xeuzelioltzrfr and Johann Michael 
Weygel. The plantation consisted of 250 
acres, which, "with 5'e building," these 
"four Judicious Men" estimated at £200, 
and the balancie of the property was ap- 
praised at £ 3G 3 0. ]\Irs. Sproijle had 
the testator's bond for £40, which was 
paid two years later with interest at the 
rate of 3h per cent, per annum. Tlie 
names of some of the persons to whom 
small sums were paid out of the estate 
were : Jacob Bauchman, Valentine Hauii, 
Closes Hayman, Adam Kamp, Adam 
Levengot)d, J6hn Miller, Charles Nagle, 
William Parsons and Michael Weichell. 
Jno. Campbell made the settlement for 
the executrix, the closing account bearing 
date of April 26, 1754. 

It will be observed that Philip Brandt 
prospered in the New World, notwith- 
standing the unfavorable circumstances 
under which he landed here. 

Upon the death of Mr. Brandt, Rev. 
^Ir. Muhlenberg wrott; to the authorities 
at Halle concerning his "first fellow trav- 
eller" in Pennsylvania as follows : 

"He led a Christian, quiet life; heard 
the word of God attentively; and at home 
found edification n the perusal of Arndt's 
'True Christianity.' In his youth he en- 
joyed good religious instruction, which 
enabled him to give a reason for the hope 
that was in him. Towards other sects he 
was circumspect and peaceable, and he 
sought to be neighborly with everyone, 
yet so to live as to give away nothing of 
love and truth. At length his maladies 
increased, and his end seemed near. I 
was with him a few days before his death. 
Regarding his walk in this life, he found 
therein numberless faults and shortcom- 
ings, but he believed that the Intercessor 
with the Father in Heaven had blotted 
all out and cast them into the depths of 
the sea for the sake of His promise. When 
he was yet living, he charged me in his 

name most sincerely to thank the worthy 
patrons and benefactoi's in Europe." 

Eiizabetli Brandt, the widow, died near 
the beginning of the year 17G8. She 
made a will on the 28th of November, 1707. 
Her sons, Jacob Brandt and George 
Brandt, were named executors. Her son 
Philip, the will says, "is gone to some 
other country;" she therefore ordered 
that his share be kept for him or his heirs 
for ten years She bequeathed to Michael 
Brandt's daughter, Elizaljeth, "my bed 
and beilstead, and my chest and drawers 
or clothes press, as a token of her grand- 
mother;" and to Elizabeth Misemer, 
Elizabeth Henrich an<l Philip Witts, three 
pounds apiece," as a token of their god- 

The children of Philip and Elizabeth 
Brandt were : 

Michael, born June, 1724; died August, 

Christina, married November 8, 1748, 
Jacob Leibegut. 

^largaret, wife of Cassimer Misemer. 

Jacob, confirmed at Easter, 1749, aged 
15; buried March 30, 1791, aged (JO years, 

7 months. 

Philip, confirmed at Whitsuntide, 17-52, 
aged 16. 

George, confirmed at Whitsuntide, 
1755, aged 16 years; married Susanna 
Reinert, daughter of Philip Reinert; died 
April 12, 1821, aged 81 years, 11 months, 

8 days; buried at Limerick church. His 
wife, Susanna, died September 17, 1825, 
aged 80 years, and is buried at Liinerick 

The baptisms and confirmations of 
persons are recorded in the Falkner 
Swamp Reformed church book. 

George Brandt, son of Philip and Eliza- 
beth Brandt, made a will, June 2, 1819, 
which was probated May 25, 1821. He 
lived in Pottsgrove township on a farm of 
137 acres. His children were: Sanmel; 
P^lizabeth, married Henry Christman; 

Franconia township has six post-offices 
within its limits. They are : Souderton, 
in the borough of the same name; Telford, 
Elroy, Franconia, Earlington, Morwood. 



The Docket of Michael Croll, Justice 
of the Peace. 

Michael Croll, of Upper Salford town- 
ship, held tiie important office of Jnstice 
of the Peace n^ early as December 16, 1778. 
We have hi.s Docket covering the period 
from April 24, 1787, to November 21, 1795. 
The business recorded in it relates mostly to 
suits for the recover}' of debts. Occasionally 
a criminal case-assauitaud battery, larceny, 
or other mild violation of the law-came 
before him. A not inconsiderable portion 
of the cases came from the forge-men, 
colliers and laborers at and about the injn 
works at the present borough of Green- 
lane. The powder-makers in the vicinity 
of Sunuieytown also occasionally found it 
necessai'y to resort to litigation. The 
custom of indenturing apprentices and 
.servants prevailed at that time, and our 
magistrate was called upon to give legal 
force to the contract. The more agreeable 
function of performing the marriage cere- 
mony was alsi) among his official acts. 
The marriages and indentures to service 
and apprenticeship we copy from the 
docket as possessing local historic interest. 

Justice Croll had an extensive business. 
His docket is carefully kept, and written 
in a clear hand. We select a few cases of 
somewhat more than average interest : 

A fine of £2 was imposed on a sportsman 
for hunting and shooting on the Sabbath 
day. There were two informers, each of 
whom received twenty shillings. 

Three young men were arrested on a 
charge of playing cards on Sunday, the 
26th day of December, 1790, at the house 
of Mathias Sheiffly, deceased; each was 
sentenced to pay a fine of 20s. for the use 
of the poor of Marlborough township. 

May 27, 1791, Andrew Werner brought 
suit against Philip Gable and Clu-istian 
Sheid, executors of the estate of Mathias 
Sheiffly, deceased, for a Horse Farrier's 
Book, which plaintiff lent to said Deceas- 
ed, who never returned the book. The 
matter at variance was referred to Peter 
Deshler, Jacob Zeeber and Jno. Salliday, 
or any two of them, who were to hearthe 
parties and make report of their pi'oceed- 
ings. They reported that the defendant 
nuist pay £3 15 for the book, but in case 

it is found again and delivered to plaintiff 
in good order the plaintiff is to repay the 
said £3 15 0. 

For swearing three profane oaths in the 
hearing of the Justice a man was sentenced 
to pay, for the use of the poor, 15 shillings. 

August 31, 1791, the Justice made this 
entry : This day my Commission of Jtis- 
tice P^xpired by the Laws and Constitution 
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 
And on the day of September, 1791, 
His Excellency Governor Thomas Mifflin 
was Kind Enough to re-elect me to the 
same Office of a Justice, and on the 28th 
day of September, 1791, Thomas Craige, 
Esq., qualified me to the office according 
to the Laws and Constitution of the com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania, at his Office 
at Norristovvn, in the County of INIont- 

In the Presence of 

Robert Loller, E.sq., 

Christian Sheid, Esq., 

& Philip Gable, Senr. 

December 9, 1791, Andrew Ziegler 
brought an action against Charles Jolly, 
ironmaster, for keeping and doctoring his 
horse eight weeks. The matter at vari- 
ance was left to Christian Sheid, Henry 
Snyder and Jacob Zeeber, or any two 
of them. Their report directed the de- 
fendant to pay plaintiff £5 13 4 and costs, 
in six days from date. 


May 14,1787. Mathias Sheiffly Assigned 
Joseph Walker to Henry Fader, of North- 
ampton County, to serve him the remam- 
der Term of his Indenttire, for the Consid- 
eration of Nineteen Pounds. 

June 4, 1787. John Derr Assigned 
John Lesh to Jacob Zepp to serve him 
the Remainder Term of his Indenture. 

June 8, 1788. Margret Shoop Hound 
to Philip Wentz for Eight years from the 
10th day of May last past and give her 
Six months Schooling in said Term, when 
free to give her a freedom dues and a 
Bed and Beding. 

September 14, 1787. William Carwell 
Bound apprentice to Jacob Hartman for 
7 yr and 8 month and Send him every 
year 1 month to scliool; when free to give 
him a good sufficient freedom Dues besides 



his other apparrel and two plains vizt. 
one .lointee and one Jack plain. 

October 5 1787. John Roberts Bound 
liimself servant to John Patton for 4 yrs 7 
month and 11 years, when free to give him 
a good freedom Dues besides his other 

Joseph Kechline bound to .Toiin Wisler 
from 10th Octr. 87 for 4 yrs and 2 months; 
to give him one moths schooling in 
the year 88 and one moth in tlie 
year 89 in said term, when free to give 
him a good sufficient freedom dues besides 
his other apparel. 

Octr. 31, 1787. Philip Bowman bound 
to Philip Gable for 12 yrs 2 moths and 2 
weeks; to send him to School to learn to 
Read and write and give him time to he 
Instructed to receive the Holy Sacrament; 
when free to give him a Freedom Dues. 

Novr. 10, 1787. Chri>tina Sheweck 
Bound to Rudolph Harly and his heirs 
for 5 yrs 4 moths and a half; when free to 
Give her a new Bedstead and Beddings 
with Pillars, a new Spinning wheel and a 
good freedom Dues. 

Novr. 10, 1787. Cathrine Sheweck 
Bound to Samuel Harly and his heirs for 
9 yrs 7 moths and a half and send her one 
year to school in sd. term; when free to 
give her £4 in Cash, gold or silver 
Coin, a new Bedstead, Beddings and 
Pillars, anew Spinning wheel and a good 
freedom dues. 

November 2(), 1787. Jacob Woodly 
bound to Jacob Bastian for 7 yrs and 9 
months to learn him the farming and the 
shoemaker trade as much as possible and 
send him four winters to School and Every 
winter one quarter full and give him time 
to be Instructed to receive the Holy 
Sacrament: when free to give him a good 
freedom Dues of store Cloath and a Caster 

Deer. 10, 1787. Frederick Renninger 
Bound to George Derr for 4 yrs. 1 moth 
and 2 weeks to learn his Trade of Taylor 
and send him two moths to School and 
give him time to be instructed to receive 
the holy Sacrament and 2 Days Every 
Harvist for himself in said term; when 
free to Give him a new pair of 
Taylor Shears and a new Taylors Goose 

and a Good freedom Dues besides his 
other apparel. 

January 1, 1788. John Donnelly Bound 
to Edward Laken for 3 yrs.; when free to 
Give him a good freedom Dues or Two 
pounds in Cash at the •Choice of the ap- 

Febry. 2, 1788. Jacob Overdo rff Bound 
to Samuel Harly for 2 yrs from 7tli of 
Janry last past; to give him every year 
two pair of Trowsers 2 flaxen Shirts and 
1 pair shoes, when free to Give him a 
Lincey waste Coat with Sleeves and anew 
wool hatt and it is agreed Between them 
that sd. apprentice is to work for his sd. 
master on the farm when need wants 

July 9, 1788. Adam Stallnecker and 
Elizabeth Dice admrs. of the Estate of 
Peter Dice Deceased of Northampton 
county assigned Elizabeth Riekert the 
remainder Term of Her Indenture to 
Henry Heist of Marlborough Township 
Montry County to Serve him his Exrs 
admrs or assigns the remaindr term for 
the True meaning and Tennor thereof. 

Augt 2, 1788. David Powl Bound to 
Henry Groff for 2 yrs. 2 motiis and 2 
weeks and give him time six days Every 
year for himself and when free a good 
freedom Dues and wood and Died to niake 
him Souie Joiner Tools for himself Ap- 
parel washing and Lodging in said term 

October 3-, 1788. John Hirstoneasigned 
Charity ]Mead to David Underkoffler to 
Serve him his assigns to the Remainder 
term of the Indenture and asignment 

Deer. 1, 1788. Abraham Glassmyar 
Bound to Jacob Zeagler for 2 yrs and (y 
months to learn him the. weaver Trade 
and give him 3 days for himself every 
Harvist in sd. term when free to give him 
a Good freedom dues — vizt a ('oat of 
woollen Cloath, velvet waste Coat and 
Bredches, a fine hat 4 new flaxen Shirts 
one pr. Shoes and buckles and one pr. 
Stockgs. all to be new. 

Deer. 19, 1788. Philip Jones Bound to 
Isaac Goshed for 3 years to learn him 
the trade of a finery in a forge of iron works, 
when free to Give him a good Sufficient 
freedom Dues beside his other apparrel. 



Jany. 26, 1789. John Hinckle Bound 
to John Lydey for 11 yrs. and 1 week to 
learn liiin to Read and write a Legable 
hand when free to give him a good free- 
dom dues besides his other apparrel. 

Feby. 7, 1789. Conrad Dutterer Bound 
to Henry Dotterer for 1 yr. 2 months and 
3 days to learn the Trade of millwright 
and Gunsmith and any other shop work 
and give him time 3 days in liarvest for 
himself Sufficient apparrel washing and 
Lodging when free to Give him a good 

and Sufficient freedom Dues besides his 
other apparrel. 

April 9, 1789. William Rogers Bound 
to Edward Larkens for 3 yrs. and 2 UKjths 
to give him apparrel etc. and to Learn liim 
the Trade of a Hammerman and Refinirrj' 
of Iron in the forges, when free to Give 
him 30 Dollars in Cash and 3 months 
Bordhig free without making any Charge. 

June 3, 1789. John Brickert Bound to 
Samuel Shuler, Taylor, for five years from 
Date when free to Give him a new Taylors 
Goose and Shears and a good Sufficient 
freedom Dues besides his other ajjparrel. 

June 13, 1789, Francis Mc(7ravv Bound 
to Samuel Cooper for 2 yr. and G moth to 
Learn the Trade of a finery in a forge 
when free to Give him £8 Cash in 
gold or Silver Coin one new Caster Hatt 
and three months Boarding free without 
making any charge. 

July 1, 1789. Philip Lower Bound to 
John Cunius to Learn his Trade of a Taylor 
for 3 yr. and 3 moths to Give hiui time 4 
days Every Harvist for himself in sd. term 
to give him a new Coat waste Coat and 
Bredches for Sunday use and at the Expi- 
ration of said Term to give him a Custo- 
mary new Set of freedom Cloaths or 
instead of that 20 Spanish Dollars Cash 
as also a Taylors Shear and Goose. 

Janry. 12, 1790. William Boyer Jr. 
bound to George Boyer Jr. for 1 yr. 6 
moths & 20 days to learn his Trade of a 
Joyner and house Carpenter and to give 
him apparrel Lodging and washing and 
the apparrel to be as good at tlie Expera- 
tion of the time as he the sd apprentice 
brings to his master and when free to 
give a good freedom dues to be worth £8 

oj- £8 in Cash at the Choice of the ap- 

Janry. 21, 1790 John Stedler. Bound 
himself to George Snyder for 1 yr 1 moth 
and 3 weeks to Learn the Trade of a 
Cordwainer to give him and provide in 
said Term sufficient Shoes, washing. 
Mending, Lodging Died & give him 6 
days for himself in harvist and nothing 
else when free. 

Febry. 2, 1790. Henry Nace Bound to 
Henry Barndt for two years to learn his 
Trade of a Joyner and give him in said 
term sufficient apparrel for Every day 
ware washing mending and Lodging Dur- 
ing said Term and when free nothing 
Else but his wearing apparrel. 

March 19, 1790. Nicholas Puff Bound 
to Conrad Green for 2 yr. and 9 months 
from 1-lth day of April last past, when 
free to give him a new weavers Loom or 
the Cash at the Choice of the apprentice 
and a good and sufficient freedom dues 
besides his other apparrel. 

March 26, 1790. Elizabeth Bakles 
bound to Mathias Sheiffly for 10 yrs and 
3 moths to learn her to Read sufficient 
and give her time to go to receive the 
Lords Supper in the Luthn Congregn 
when free to give her a spinning wheel a 
Heiffer with Calf and a good freedom 
Dues and is to give the father in Cash 
£3 on demand. 

June 21, 1790 Jacob Kolb boiuid to 
Henry Kolb by and with the Consent of 
his Guardian, Godshalk Godshalk, for 11 
yrs 9 months 27 days to send him to 
school to learn to Read and write Suf- 
ficient, when free to Give him £15 in 
Cash Gold or Silver money, and a good 
and sufficient freedom Dues besides his 
other apparrel. N. B to learn him the 
Trade of a weaver or Blue dyer or any oth- 
er Trade at the Choice of the apprentice. 

June 21, 1790. Margaret Kolb bound 
to David Allebach for 10 yrs 9 mths and 
7 days, by and with the Consent of her 
Guardian, Godshalk Godshalk, to send 
her to school to learn to Read and write 
when free to Give her a new^ Bedstead 
and bed, a new Spining wheel and a good 
freedom Dues besides her other apparrel. 

July 30, 1790. Elisabeth Klemmer 
Bound to Abraham Kemper for 14 yr. 7 
months 2 weeks and six days from 8th 



day of May last past, to Give her one 
years Schooling to learn her to Read, 
when free to Give her a Bed and Beddings 
and Bedstead to be worth £5 10 Law- 
ful money — and a Sufficient freedom 

October 15, 1790. Peter Hersh Bound 
to Peter Doub for 1 yr and 9 montiis 
from the Gtli of Sept last past to give him 
one week in haymaking and one week in 
harvist Every year himself and shoes 
sufficient in sd Term when free to give 
him one Doz. Shoemakers lasts. 

Novr. 13, 1790. Philip Boyer Bound 
to William Boyer smith for 3 years 5 
mths and one week and allow him 6 days 
Every harvist for himself During said 
term when free to give liim new tools to 
shoe a horse and a freedom dues to be 
worth six pounds or six pounds in Cash 
at the Choice of the apprentice. 

Janry. 7, 1791. John Reiuior Assign- 
ed Sussanna Flanagan a minor from out 
of the House of Emploj'ment of the City 
of Philada. unto Abram Hass of Freder- 
ick Township to serve him his assigns 
the remainder Term according to the 
Tennor of the Indenture. 

Febry. 1, 1791. Henry Sheweck bound 
to George Snyder for 3 yrs. and six 
months to send him two months to school 
insd term and time to be instructed to re- 
ceive the Holy Saciament when free to 
Give him Shoemaker tools to make Shoes 
and a good Customary freedom Dues be- 
sides his other apparrel. 

Augt. 15, 1791. Elisabeth Jago Bound 
to Jacob Zeeber for i4 yrs (i mths and 24 
days, to learn her the trade of House- 
keeper, and send her to school to learn 
to Read and give her time to be Instruct- 
ed to Receive the Holy Sacrament, when 
free to Give her a new Spinning wheel, 
a new Bed &c and Bedstead and a (iood 
and Sufficient freedom Dues besides her 
other apparel. 

Augt. 30th, 1791. Jacob Dickenshed 
Bound apprentice with the Consent of 
his Guardian Michael Shoemaker to Hen- 
ry Keeley, for two years from Date when 
free to give him a good Customary free- 
dom dues (besides his other apparrel) to 
be worth seven pounds, and five Pounds 
in Cash Gold or Silver monev. 

Novr. 7, 1791. Conrad Stem assigned 
Margret Bowman, a poor, out of the aim 
house of Philada Bound to tiie said Stem 
by the Managers of the house of Employ- 
ment to I^eonard Boyer of Fredk Town- 
ship, to serve him the remainder part of 
her time, according to the Tennor of the 
said Indenture. 

Novr. 15, 1791. Peter Sheweck Hound 
to Martin Kepple for 6 years and 3 months 
from date, to the Trade of a Cordwainer 
to send him 3 months to school and give 
him lime to be Instructed to Receive the 
Lords Supper in sd term when free to 
give him Shoemaker tools sufficient to 
make Shoes, but no lasts, and a good 
new Customary freedom dues besides his 
otiier apparrel, and when the apprentice 
is free and Chuses to go to School one 
month more the sd Master promises to 
pay for the schooling and give him his 
Board free, without any Charge, provided 
the sd apprentice does the morning and 
evening work in said month wlien out of 

Nuvr. 19, 1791. Levy Grant, a poor, 
B(jund tu George Mowerer of Upper Han- 
over township County of Montgomery 
for 7 yrs and 6 mths bj' Jolm Shwenk 
and Jacob Shelley overseers of the poor 
for said township by and with the Con- 
sent of Michael CroU and Jolm Ricliards, 
two of the Justices of the peace &c : to 
send him in sd term to school to learn to 
Read and Write a Legible Hand when 
free to Give him Double apparel of all 
sorts, one Suit of which to be new and 
three jjounds in Cash, silver or gold &c. 

Janry. 12, 1792. George Henry Bound 
to Michael Hartman by and with the 
C!onsent of his Grandfather, Nicholas 
Henry for 14 years from date, to learn 
him the Trade of a Miller to send him to 
school to learn to Read antl write a Legi- 
able hand and Give him time to be In- 
structed to receive the Lord's Supper in 
said Term, when free to give him a good 
freedom Dues besides his other apparrel, 
and five pounds in Cash in Gold or Silver 

Janry. 20, 1792. Cathrine Bean Bound 
to John Bolich for 14 yrs 2 mths and 2 
weeks, to Send her to School to learn to 



Read and give her time to be instructed 
to receive tlie Iioly Sacrament in said 
Term. When free to Give her a new 
Bed, with an upper fether Bed and a new 
Bedstead a new Spinning wheel, and a 
good freedom dues besides her other ap- 

Febry. 10th, 1792. Jolin Woodling 
Bound to Jacob Fry for 3 years from the 
1-itii day of this instant february, to give 
him 6 mths Schoohng in said Term, wlien 
free to give him a new Smith Bellows, a 
new sniitli vice, one sledge, 2 hammers, 
3 pair Smith Tongs, a screw Cutter of 4 
sizes, agooil freedom (hies to be worth 
£10, or £10 in gold or silver money at the 
choice of the apprentice, and allow him 
3 or 4 days about Christmas time every 
year in said term to go home to see his 

Febry. 21, 1792. Henry Weikle Bound 
to Casper Walt for 18 yrs 9 moths to Send 
him to School to learn to Read and ^^'rite 
a Legable hand and give him time to be 
instructed to receive the Lord's Supper, 
when free to give him a good and suffi- 
cient freedom dues, besides his other ap- 

Febry. 24, 1792. John Galloway as- 
signed Benjn Miller to Edward Larklns 
to serve hiu) or his assigns the Remain- 
der part of his Indenture, for the Con- 
.sideration Sum of £7 10 0, for the true 
meaning and Tennor of sd Indenture. 

March 1st, 1792. Jacob Sackreiter 
Bound to Jacob Rex for 3 yrs and 9 moths 
to give him 3 quarters of English night 
School, in sd term and learn him the 
Trade of a Tanner and Currif^r, when 
free to Give him a good freedom dues, 
besides his other apparrel. 

April 9th, 1792. Anna Maria Seylerin 
Bound to Abraham Harley for 8 yrs 10 
mths and 11 days, to send her to scliool 
to learn to Read sufficient in said Term 
when free to give her sd apprentice £12 in 
Casli in gold or silver money and a good 
Sufficient freedom dues, besides her other 

Oct. 10, 1792. Henry Minker Jr. Bound 
himself to Stephen Searge for 3 yrs from 
the 20th of September last past, to send 
him in sd term 6 moths to School. Wash- 

ing apparrel fitt. When free to Give him a 
good freedom dues to be worth £10 or £10 
in Gold or Silver money at the Choice of 
the apprentice. 

Novr. 10th, 1792. Jacob Keeley Bound 
to George Heidrich for 4 yrs 7 moths and 
8 days to learn him the Trade of a Cord- 
wainer and to learn him to Read and 
write a Ledg able hand in said Term, and 
give him 2 days every harvist for himself, 
when free to Give him 20 Lasts 6 aul 
Blades with handles a hammer one pair 
of Tongs and nipper, 3 knifes and 2 Doz 
of Tax and a good Sufficient freedom dues 
besides his other apparrel. 

Decemr. 6, 1792. Henry Keely assignd 
Jacob Dickenshed to Jacob Pannebecker, 
to Serve him and his assigns the remain- 
der part of the Indenture, to the true 
meaning and Tennor thereof. 

Febry. 8, 1793. David Underkoffler 
assigned Charity Mead to George Snyder 
and his assigns the remaining part of the 
Indenture in Consideration of the appar- 
rel and freedom dues to be Delivered by 
the sd George Snyder at the Experation 
of the Indenture the remainder David 
UnderkotHer is to Give when free one 
Heiffer to be worth £4 specie, one new 
Spinning wheel, one new poplar Chest 
painted to the sd Charity Mead, Except 
two Dollars George Snyder is to pay sd 
IJmlerkoffier torts the Chest. 

iNIay (ith, 1793. Atnia Brown Bound to 
Philip Ziegler Senr to Serve 13 yrs 9 moths 
and days to Send her to School to read 
and give hertime to be instructed to receive 
the Lords Supper when free to Give her 
a new Bed and Bedstead to be worth Six 
pounds, a Heiffer with Calf, a new Spin- 
ning wheel and a good freedom dues be- 
sides her other apjjarrel. Augt. 9, 1794, 
the above parties Exchange Indentures by 
Consent to be null and Void. 

May 22, 1793. Paul Hoffman Bound 
himself apprentice to Fredk Smith and 
his assigns of Germantown, for two years 
and Eight moths and one week to find 
him apparrel washing and Lodging 
During said Term and nothing Else. 

Novr. 18h, 1793. Daniel Kratz bound 
himself to Abram Swenk for two yrs and 
() months to find him Lodging washing 



shoes stockg Bridclies and trowsers for 
Every da)'s and Snndays ware,during the 
sd Term. 

Novr. 20. 1793. Sarah Rockenfelder 
Bound to Ludwick Benner by the Consent 
of her mother Sarah Rockenfelder for 16 
years I mth and 13 days, to Send her to 
School to learn lier to Read and write a 
Ledgible hand and Give her time to be 
instructed to receive the Lords Supper, 
when free to Give her a good Bed etc. and 
Bedstead to be new, a new Spinning 
Wheel and a Customerry freedom dues 
besides her other apparrel. 

Novr. 23, 1793. John Boyer Bound to 
George Snyder for 3 yrs, 5 mth and I 
week to Give him time to be instructed to 
receive the Lords Supper and 6 days in 
harvist every year in said term for him- 
self when free to Give him all the Shoe- 
makers tools he works with and Seven 
pounds ten shillings in Cash Gold or 
Silver money and apparrel as good as he 
brings to his master. 

Novr. 27, 1793. Michael Young Bound 
to Philip Hahn Jr. for 3 yrs and 3 mths 
when free to give him a Currying Knife, 
and freedom Dues to be worth £9 or £9 in 
Cash at the Choice of the apprentice. 

March 10th, 1794. Anna Maria Solo- 
mon Bound to George Reiff J r. for 8 years, 
to Send her to School to learn to Read 
and write a Legiable Hand and Give her 
time to be instructed to receive the Lord's 
Supper in sd term when free to Give her 
a new Bedstead and Bedings to be worth 
£5 a new Spinning wheel and a freedom 
to be worth £5 besides her other apparrel. 

April 3, 1794. Michael Eidemiller 
Bound himself to Michael Gooderman, for 
4 yrs. & 9 months from date to learn the 
Trade of making frying pans and others, 
shovels and other smith work and to 
send him to sciiool to learn to Read and 
write a Legiable hand, and give him time 
to be instructed to receive the Lord's 
Supper in said Terra, and find him suf- 
ficient apparrel Lodging and washing. 
when free to give him a freedom dues to 
be worth £10 or £10 in Cash Gokl or 
Silver at the Choice of the apprentice. 

Aug. 2d, 1794. Margaret Solomon 
Bound to Jacob Reiff Jr. for 8 yrs. & 

10 months to send her to school to learn 
to read and write Legiable hand and 
give her time to be instructed to receive 
the Lord's Supper in said Term, when 
free to give her a new bedstead and Bed- 
dings to be worth £5 a new spinning 
wheel, and a freedom dues to be worth £5, 
besides her other apparel. 

Aug. 9th, 1794. Anna Brown Bound 
to Abraham ShoU for 12 yrs. 6 mo. & 3 
days, to send her to school to learn to 
Read and give her time to be instructed 
to rec^eive the Lords Supper in said term, 
when free to give her a new Chest to be 
worth 25s and a new bed and bedstead to 
be worth £7 a Heifter with Calf, a new 
spinning wheel and a good freedom dues 
besides her other apparrel. 

Sept. 8, 1794. Leonard Shuler Bound 
to CIn-istian Barkey for 3 yrs. & 5 mo. to 
find him apparrel in said term and when 
free to give him £10 in Cash, Silver or 

Sept. 13, 1794. John Hoffman Bound 
to Richard Baker for 3 yrs. to learn him 
the Miller Business to find him in Cloth- 
ing, when free to give him a Customery 
freedom I^ues and £25 in Cash. 

Nov. 17, 1794. James Valentine put 
himself servt to Philip Gable for a Con- 
sideration sum of £18.8.8 pd to him to 
serve him and his assigns from Date one 
year and to find him in apparel ttca 
provided the sd Servt. Earns the 
above sum and for all the Clothing in less 
than one year, then to l)e' free, otherwise 
to stay and remain till the above sum and 
all the Clothing are fully pd and Earned 
by sd Servt. 

Dec. 15, 1794, Negroe James, the pro- 
perty of Henry Krouss, late of Fredk 
Township in the county of Montg. Deed 
by the said Deed last will and Testament 
and the power Given toJno. and <jreo. 
Swenk Exrs therein named Hath Bound 
and put the sd Negroe .James apprentice 
to Pliilip Hahn,Jr.for — yrs. to Serve him 
or his assigns from the Date hereof, to 
Learn him the Trade and mystery of a 
Tanner, to Learn him to read and write, 
and send him to the minister to be In- 
structed to receive Lord Supper in said 
Ti-rni, when free to Give him a new 



ax, Grubing hoe, mall rings and wedges, 
and a Customery freedom dues. 

Deer. 15, 1794. John and George 
Swenk Exrs of the Last will and Testa- 
ment of Henry Krouss, Late of Fredk. 
Township, Deed Hath Bound and put 
Dolly a niolattoe Slave of the sd Deed Serv- 
ant to Philip Hahn, Jr. agreeable to the 
Last will and Testament of the said Deed 

for yrs to Serve him his Heirs Exrs or 

assigns from the Date hereof, and to Send 
her to School to learn to read in the 
Bible and send her to the minister to be 
instructed to receive the Lord's Supper in 
sd Term when free to Give her a new 
Bedstead and Bedding what belongs to it, 
a new Spinning wheel, a Cow, and a 
Customery freedom dues. 

Febry. 16, 1795. Hannah Woodly 
•* Bound to Garret Clemmance for 4 yrs 
10 mths 3 weeks, to Send to the minister 
in said term, to receive the Lords Supper, 
when free to give her a new Bedstead and 
Bedings, with an upper feather bed, a 
new Chest to be painted blue with Lock 
and Hinches, a new spinning wheel, a 
Cow that had the Second Calf, and, a 
free:loiu (the freedom to Consist of a 
Boanet, a Chintz gown. Lawn apron and 
Handkf, Calf Skin Shoes and Cotton 
stockings, and the other necessaries be- 
longing to fit out the freedom dues. 

March 23, 1795. John Truckenmiller 
Bound hi mself to Abraham Ziegler for 2 
yrs ami 6 nibhs from the 6th day of Jan- 
uary last past to learn him the Trade of 
a Tanner and Currier, and Give him 
sufficient apparrel for Every days ware 
during said Term and 2 days in haymak- 
ing and 3 days in second Crop for him- 
self Every year during sd Term. 


August 14, 1787. Jacob Dehaven of 
Skippack Township and Elizabeth Fry 
of Lowersalford are Lawfully married and 
Joyned together in the Holy Estate of 
Matrimony. Witnessour hands this 14th 
day of August 1787. 

Jacob Dehaven 
Elizabeth Freyin 
Witness Present 

Moses Dehaven 

Saml. Dehaven, Juner 

Joseph Pawling Jur 

Jonathan Dehaven 

Philip Cornderfer his x mark 

Lewis Truckenmiller 

Jacob Grause 

Andreas Beyer 

Garret Dehaven his x mark 

Ann Pawling 

Ann Dehaven her x mark 

Salamy Detweiller her x mark. 

Abraham AUebach and Ma rget John- 
son are Lawfully Married and Joyned to- 
getlier in the Holy Estate of Matrimony 
this 18th Day of December, 1787. 

Jacob Wasser and Margaret Hendricks 
are Lawfully married and Joyned to- 
gether in the Holy Estate of Matrimony 
the 25th Day of December, 1787. 

July 3, 1788. Peter Wile of Towam. 
encin Township and Elizabeth Hendricks 
same place were Lawfully Joyned and 
married together in holy Matrimony. 

July 17, 1788. Michael Shilling of 
Fayetty County and Magdalena Miller 
of Montry County was Lawfully Joyn- 
ed and Married together in Holy Matri- 

Augt. 9th, 1788. William Stillwagon 

of Newhanover Township and Mary 

Hendricks of Towamencin Township 

were Lawfully Married and Joyned to- 
gether in Holy INIatrimony. 

Mathias Gayring of Frankonie Town- 
ship and Barbara Stromin of the same 
place are Lawfully Joyned and Married 
together in holy State of Matrimony the 
11th day of September A Do. 1788. 

October. 2, 1788. John Wilson of 

Frankonie Township and Elenor Miller of 

Hattfield Township are Lawfully Married 

and Joyned together in Holy Matrimony 
this second day of October, 1788. 

Janry 3, 1789. Abraham Oberholtzer 
and Marget Derr are Lawfully married 
and .loyned together in holy Matrimony 
this 3d day of .January 1789. 

Janry 7, 1789. Amos Jones and 
Rachel Clayton are Lawfully married 
and Joyned together in Holy Matrimony 
this 7th day of January 1 789. 

March 31, 1789. Jacob Freed and 
Nancy Fry are Lawfully married and 
Joyned together in Holy Matrimony this 
31st day of March Ao Do 1789 



May 2(), 1789. George Glaze and 
Tacey Robeson are Lawfully Married and 
and Joyned together in Holy Matrimony 
this 26th day of INIay Ao Do 1789. 

June 18, 1789. George Becker of 
Franconia Township and Sussana Hen- 
dricks of the same place were Lawfully 
Married and Joyned together in Holy 
Matrimony this 18th day of June Ao Do 

March 2 , 1790. Philip Stearly of Upper- 
salford township and Moly Berkey are 
Lawful h' married and Joyned together 
in holy Matrimony this Second day of 
March 1790. 

Richard Palmer and Hannah Jones 
were Lawfully Married and Joyned to- 
gether in holy Matrimony this 14th day 
of August 1790. 

John Ludwick and Margeret Sheetz 
were Lawfully Married and Joyned togeth- 
er in Holy Matrimony this 16th day of 
August 1 790. 

Dillman Ziegler Jr. of Lowersalford 
Township and Cathrine Overholtzer of 
the saine place were Lawfully Married 
and Joyned together in Holy Matrimony 
this 6th day of October 1791. 

George Reiff Junr of Lowersalford 
township and Elizabeth Clemraance of 
the same place are Lawfully Married ami 
Joyned together in holy Matrimony this 
Seventh day of february Ao Do 1792. 

March 29, 1792. Andrew Ziegler Jr 
and Cathrine Letlierach of Lower Salford 
township, are Lawfully Married and 
Joyned together in holy Matrimony the 
29th day of March 1792. 

Janry 14, 1793. Michael Krouss Jr 

and Cathrine Kookler are Lawfully 
Married and Joyned together in Holy 

Matrimony this 14th day of January 1793. 

June 6, 1798. Peter Wile, AVidower, 
of Lowersalford Township and Cathrine 
Metz of the same place, Spinster, were 
Lawfully Married, and Joyned together 
in Holy Matrimony this sixth daj^ of 
June Ao Do. 179.3. 

Jacob Brickert widower of Marlborough 
Township and Cathrine Gebhart widow 
of Newhanover Township were Lawfully 
Married and Joyned together in holy 
Matrimony this 23d day of June 1793. 

Septr. 19th, 1793. Jacob Reiff, son of 
Geo., and Sarah Clemmance of Lower- 
salford Township were Lawfully Married 
and Joyned together in Holy Matrimony 
this 19th day of Septr Ao Di 1793. 

Jacob Sensenderfer and Magdelena 
Klotz were Lawfully Married and Joynod 
together in holy Matrimony this 14th 
day of August 1794. 

April 6,179.5. Christian Huntzberger , 
of Franconia Township and Cathrine 
Sowder same place were Lawfully ]Marri- 
ed and Joyned together in Holy Matri- 

May oth, 1795. Isaac Gerhart of 
Franconia Township and Mary Berkey 
of the same place aforesd. were Lawfully 
Married and Joyned together in holy 

November 14, 1795. John Dickenshidt 
and Ann Dehaven of Lower Salford are 
Lawfully Joined together in Holy Vlatri- 
mony this 14th day of November 1795. 

Brief Notices of Colonial Families. 


Not long before July 19, 1727, John 
Steger bought of John Henry Sprogell a 
corn mill in Hanover township. It was on 
land adjoining a tract of one Imndred 
acres which Lodwick Christian Sprogell, 
attorney for John Henry Sprogell, sold 
on tlie date mentioned to Martin Bitting. 
In the deed to Bitting was this reserva- 
tion : "Except the free use of a Road six- 
teen feet wide along the side of the sil 
Land hereby granted, to the Corn Mill 
lately sold by the said Sprogells to one 
Hance Steger." The land owned by 
John Stager adjoined the one hundred 
and eighty-nine acres in Hanover town- 
ship sold June 2 1730, by John Henry 
Sprogell to Adam Herman. 

Johannes Stager, of New Hanover 
township, husbandman, made a will 
which was proven March i9, 1739. He 
named as executors Valentine Geiger and 
Martin Bitting, who were hii neighbors. 
His wife's name is given as Orshell Mary 
Stager. December 30, 1 75 1 , the heirs of 
Johannes Stager conveyed to Valentine 
Geiger, Jr., two tracts of land — one of fifty- 
nine acres, the other seven acres — in 
Hanover township. 



The children of John Steger and wife 
were : 

Anna Maria and Eve, twins, who 
were both confirmed members of New 
Hanover Lutlieran church, on 29th of 
April, 174"). Anna Miry married Jacob 
Isaac; Eva married Michael Haug. 

Susiinna Catharine, confirmed at New 
Hanover Lutheran church the Sunday 
after Easter, 1746; married Frederick Criss- 

Hannali, married Henry Schaft. 


On the 25th of November, 1740, 
Ulricli Hartman, aged 87, signed the 
declaration at Philadelphia, having arriv- 
ed on the ship L )yal Judith, commanded 
by Captain Painter, from Rotterdam. 
He bought land" in Worcester township 
His wife's name was Eve. Their chil- 
dren were : 

Appolonia, confirmed member of 
Old Goshenhoppen Reformed churcli 
by Rev. George ]\Iichael Weiss; married, 
about 1758, by the same clergyman, to 
Philip Wentz. 

Mary, confirmed a member of Old 
Goshenhoppen Reformed church, be- 
tween 1745 and 1758; married Henry 

On the nth of November, 1761, being 
then about to go to Germany to return 
within two years, Ulrich Hartman made 
his will, naming as e.xecutors Piiilip 
Wentz, his son-in-law, and Melchior 
Wyggoner. He died before June 19, 
1768,at which date his will was pro- 

OId=Time News. 


Pennsylvania Gazette, November 27, 
1731: On the 12 Instant,a Child about two 
years old, in the Township of Salford, 
walking on a narrow Plank over a Pool, 
accidentally fell in and was drowned. 


Saur's Germantown Paper, July 9, 1757: 
Am verwichenen Freytag Morgens vor 
Tag wolt Josepb Kendel in Limbrick 
Tannschip mit dem Wagen durch die 

Bergiamen fahren : Die fordere Pferde 
gingen zu viel seitwiirts dass der Wagen 
am Ufer umgesturtzt und auf den Mann 
gefallen, dass er auf dem piatz todt 


Saur's Germantown paper, November 27 
1756 : Andreas Ziegler in Schipbach 
macht bekant, dass sein Sohn eine Sack- 
Uhr gefundenhat zwischen seinem Hauss 
und Michel Zieglers, in der Strass. Wer 
sie verlohren hat, wird die richtige Kenn- 
Zeichen anzeigen Konne; er soil sie ab- 
holen gegen Bezahlung dieser koste. 


Saur's Germantown paper, October 16, 
1748 : Johannes Hilnge an der Indian- 
Krick macht bekannt, dass er in Kurtz- 
em nacli Teutschland reisseji wolle. 
Sein Weg gehet vor erst durchs Siegener 
Land in das Berleburgische und 
Wittgensteinische von dannen nach dem 
Rhein, und iiber Mannheim, und den 
Necker hinauf bis Sinsheim : Wer dieser 
Gegend Briefe bin zu bestellen hat, der 
kan sie beym Drucker hiervon ablegen, 
oder bey ihm selbst. 


From Germantown paper, June, 1749 : 
Mann hat gewissen Bericht dass die 
vorige Woche oben an der Schuylkil bey 
Finnissens Wittwe eine neu Stadt is 
ausgelegt worden von 100 Lotten gross, 
sie soil mit Namen Reding hei.ssen, und 
wann der Governeur und Assemble 
erlauben, dass die Gegend in eine Caunti 
abgetheilet wird und die Stadt ein 
Curthauss und Gericht bekommt, so 
soil see genant werden, Reding, in 

Our Revolutionary Sires. 


Was an orderly in Colonel Joseph 
Hiester's company of colonel Henry Hall- 
er's battalion at the battle of Long Island. 
He was born in Reading, Pa, in August 
17-53; moved to Swamp, New Hanover 
township, in 1800, where he kept a hotel 
many years. He was postmaster for 
a long time, holding that office at his 
death in 1836. 


Payments for Land by Original Purchasers in the Perkiomen Country. 

(Continued from Ko. 2.) 7" ^ 

3 mo IS, 1720. Sundry Accots Drs. to David Powel £284 4 3 

Gerrerd Clements Dr. who assumes to pay 

for him £82 9 

Hans Reiff Dr. who undertakes to 

pay for him 49 14 5 

Andrew Frey Dr. who assumes to 

pay for him and gives his 2 

Obligations payable ye 16th 9br 

next with Intst 52 1 

Henry Ruth Dr. who assumes to 

pay and gives his oblig pavable 

the 18th 3mo 1721 with Interest 44 19 10 
Cash Dr. Reed of Gab Shooly on 

his acct 5 

£234 4 3 

Cash Dr. to Sundry Accots £57 17 9 (Viz) 

To Gerrerd Clements reed of him & Henry 

Stoufer in pt £3(5 6 1 1 

To Hans Reif reed of him in part 18 ■() 

ToHenryRuthrecdof himin part 3 10 !0 

3mo 21, 1720. Robert Jones near Skipack Dr to Sundry 

Acoot£15 13 7 (Viz) 

To Accot of Land for 50 Acres Granted to 
him in the first month I7l8 near 
Skipack £14 

To Accot of Interest for ve Intst 
of £14 18 Months " 1 13 7 

57 17 9 

15 13 7 

Cash Dr. to Robt Jones £11 5 H reed of him 
in part the remainder he now giyes his pen- 
al Bill payable 9th next 11 5 6 

1 mo 8th, 1720-1. Reed of Gerreid Clements and Daniel Stoufer 

further in part 16 11 7 

2d mo 13, 1720-1. Reed of Abraham Tunus Quitrent for lOO A's 

at Chestnut Hill 16 yrs and for 500 A's of 
Benja Furleys Pchase near Skipack 1 1 rears 
both in full ' 116 

4 moth 3d, 1721. Hans Reif. reed of him for ye Interest of 

£31 14 one year paid by Cathrin Sprogel 2 10 

8br 4, 1721. John Henry Hagerman Dr to Sundry Accot 

£13 2 6 (viz) 
To David Powel, for whom he is to 

pay £110 

To Accot of Interest for the Interest 
due on ye said sum from tlie time 
it should have been paid until 
now 2 2 6 

13 2 6 

for ye whole he gives his obligation payable 
in 1 year wth Interest. 

9br 20th, 1722. Henry Pennebaker Dr to John Roloff Vander- 

werf £2 15 0, for whom he undertakes to 
pay 2 15 

4 mo 8, 1723, Cash Dr to Garrt Clements £7 2 3 Reed of him 

by my Wife in my absence in ve last first 
Month " 7 2 1 

[This entry was made by James Steel.] 

(To he Continued.) 

Vol. 1. No. 4. DECEiVlBER, 1894. 

The PerkioniGn Region, 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Pubiishing Company, 

P. O. Box 316, Philadelphia. 

Past and Present. 

The Soldiers of the Civil War. 

Surviving soldiers, or their friends, 
should make i-ecord of their service. This 
should be done without delay. All wlio 
have liad occasion to look up the services 
rendered by their ancestors in the Revo- 
lutionary struggle know the difficulties 
which are encountered in ol)taining the 
desired information. Every line and 
scrap regarding the winners of our liber- 
ty is eagerly sought and carefully utilized 
in constructing the narratives of their- 
lives. Often tlie simplest hnks in the 
chain of events are missing and unpro 
curable, and the effort to tell the connect- 
ed story must be abandoned with deep 
regret . 

Much is printed concerning the Rebel- 
lion ; but that which will be of surpass- 
ing interest in years to come — the person- 
al record of the individual soldier — is 
largely passed over. An autograph state- 
ment of military service rendered in the 
Rebellion will possess a priceless value to 
his posterity. The living should be 
urged to perform this duty. And when 
death has taken away tlie actor — and the 
old soldiers are daily going to their 
graves — filial affection or loyal friendship 
should assume the task. 

The team of Peter Pennepacker with its 
single ton of pig iron moving from Coven- 
try to Pliiladelphia in 1738 — the trains of 
cars on our great railroads carrying hun- 
dreds of tons of the product of the furnaces 
of the interior of Peuusylvania to our 
commercial metropolis in LS94. What a 
contrast ! What fooii for thought ! 

A Merry Christmas and a Happy New 

Our Old People are treated very kindly 
by the public press — after they have pass- 
ed away. It is better to evince regard 
and manifest veneration while our aged 
friends are still with us. In our columns 
will be found from month to month some 
account of the oldest living people in our 
midst. The stories of their long lives are 
invested with peculiar interest. 

Several friends have expressed pleas- 
ure at finding in our monthly articles rel- 
ative to persons and things that they 
know sometiiing about. Just so. This 
is our object — to tell about the people of 
our section and the events they figured 
in. Hitherto we have endeavored to 
become interested in the history of men 
and matters identified with far-away 
places. The time has come to devote due 
attention to our own section, its people 
and its concerns, past and present. 

It is a pleasant privilege to be enabled 
to give in print for the first time the 
poem modestly entitled an Acrostic. Its 
subject is Abraham H. Cassel, our learn- 
ed lover of books, who is known in this 
and other countries as the collector of a 
remarkable library and the possessor of 
numerous literary and antiquarian objects 
of rare interest ; its autlior is Isaac R. 
Pennypacker, whose songs in praise of 
places on the Perkioraen-in poems which 
bear the stamp of commendation of the 
highest authority in America — have 
carried the fame of the valley of our 



birth and of our love to the confines of 
the cultured world. No literary interest 
or scholastic institution in our region is 
as widely known as Cassel's library. No 
man in literature or antiquities is so much 
sought by strangers as its owner. The poet 
represents him as a young man in quest 
of books and knowledge, overco ming ad- 
verse influences, and heroically achieving 
his high purpose. 

The work accomplished by Mr. Cas.sel 
is a chief glory of our section, and our 
commonwealth. He is one of our fore- 
most men. He is self-taught. The trea- 
sures yielded him by his books are to him 
a perennial joy, which he delights to 
share with his friends and visitors. His 
broad, altruistic spirit, seeming to enlarge 
with advancing years, charms all who 
come within its influence. Fitting it is 
that the brilliant young poet should do 
homage to the honored sage. 

The Graves of John Frederick and 
Elizabeth Barbara Hiilegas. 


Genealogical research pursued as a bus- 
iness must be laborious and irksome. As 
a diversion it is pleasant and profitable, 
for one meets many congenial friends and 
gathers much valuable information. In 
either event it requires, to merit any de- 
gree of success, patient, persistent, syste- 
matic effort. Thus pursued it grows in- 
teresting and infatuating. No amount of 
what would otherwise be determined la- 
bor is too great to fix a date or settle a re- 

The writer, in search of the tomb 
of his ancestor, John Frederick Hiilegas, 
after a short journey by rail, walked sev- 
en miles over a rough and dusty road to 
find that he had been started on the 
wrong trail. But the effort put him into 
correspondence with his genial kinsman, 
Dr. H. Bobb, and the next attempt 
brought him to East Greenville, Mont- 
gomery county, Pa. Here we found "the 
tramping ground" of our ancestors; the 
old homesteads built so many years agone; 
the church, but not the old church in 
which they worshipped, for it has been 
rebuilt several times; the old "Gottes- 

Acker," in which lie entombed the ashes 
of our ancestry — the New Goschenhoppen 
grave-yard. As some of us stood for the 
first time on this sacred soil with uncov- 
ered heads, we were moved in spirit, and 
felt that the place whereon we stood was 

The stones of the wife and sons, John 
Adam and George Peter, were standing, 
and with little effort the inscrii)tions be- 
came legible ; but that of the progenitor, 
John Frederick Hiilegas, was apparently 
not to be found. 

Not satisfied with the first effort, ac- 
companied by our wives and little daugh- 
ters, descendants respectively of the sixth 
and seventh generations, we tried again: 
this time with success. Close observation 
revealed what appeared to be a common 
brown stone boulder just protruding 
above the ground, but which lined up so 
well with the other grave-stones that we 
concluded this must be what we sought. 
We endeavored to move the apparent 
boulder, but it would not stir. The ladies 
tried to persuade us that we were foolish, 
but we adhered to our convictions, and 
with no other implements than our bare 
hands we removed the tufts of grass, dug 
away the soil and were rewarded with a 
glimpse of the top of an old brown stone 
slab, such as were in use at the time. 
Thus inspired, we persisted in our efforts 
until we saw the first three lines of the 
inscription given below. Then we were 

Afterward Dr. Bobb had the stone en- 
tirely removed, washed and scrubbed, 
and then the work of deciphering began. 
This is a more difficult task than the in- 
experienced imagine. Some of the let- 
ters are clear and distinct, others almost 
obliterated, and still others entirely so. 
The present state of preservation is due 
to the fact that long ago the stone had 
been broken off, slipped from its founda- 
tion and sunk into the earth until only 
the little round top was visible. We are 
grateful to put on record for future gener- 
ations the inscription and the exact place 
of burial of one whom unborn genera- 
tions will not cease to honor. 

F<M simile of the inscriptions on the 



tombstones of John Frederick and Eliza- 
beth Barbara Hillegas in the burial ground 
of the New Goschenhoppen Reformed 
congregation. They are nearly opposite 
the front of the church building, and a 
little to the left as you enter : 








6 JANWARY 17r.5. 










The reverse side of the wife's tomb- 
stone contains the following far, simile 
inscriptions, doubtless in memory of 
grandchildren : 

1754 1749 





Family Record of Henry Antes, of 
Frederick Township. 

Extract Kirchenbuchs der drey Hoch- 
teutschen Reformirten Gemeinden zum 
Falckner Schwam, Schipbach und Weit- 
marge in Pensylvaiiien, geben den 20t 
January 1736 von mir 

Johann Philips Bohm 
obgedsn 3 Gemeinden Prediger 

Anno 1726 d. 2 ten Febris Wurden Hen- 
rich Antes und Christina Elisabetha ge- 
bohrne De Weesin nach drey gehebten 
wetlehen gebotten zu Weitmarge Copu- 
lirt und haben biss daher unter Gottes 
seegen gezeuget und zur Heiligen Tauffs 
biegen lassen folgend. Kinder. 

d. 20t 9 bris 1726. Anna Catharina, die 
Taufszeugen waren Fridrich Antes 
und Anna Catharina eheleuthe, des 
Kindes GrossEltern nentens Anna 
Catharina und ist gebohren d. 8ten 9br 

d. 6t 8brs 1728. Anna Margretha die 
Taufs zeugen waren Hans Wolff Miller 
und Anna Margretha eheleu. 

nentens Anna Margretha iss gebohren 
d. 9. 7br 1728 

d. 5t July 1730. Philips Fridrich, Taufs- 
zeugen waren Fridrich Antes und Anna 
Catharinadie Gross Eltern nentens Phil- 
ips Fridrich ist gebohren d. 2 July 1730. 

d. 21t9brs 1731. Wilhelm Taufszeugen 
waren Wilhelm DeWees und Christina 
eheleuthe, des Kindes Gross Eltern 
nentens Wilhelm ist gebohren d. 18t 
7brs 1731. 

d. lOt febris 1734. Elisabetha, Taufszeu- 
gen waren Johannes Eschbach und 
Elisabetha, ehel. (des Vatters Schwes- 
ter) nentens Elisabetha, ist gebohren 
d. 29 January 1734. 

[Here Pastor Bohm's hand-writing 
ceases. Henry Antes made the remain- 
ing entries. ] 

October d. 5t 1736. ist mir ein sohn ge- 
bohren des morgens um 3 uhr, ich 
nente Ihn Johann Henrich. Der Hey- 
land erhalte ihn zum ewegen leben ist 
getaufft von Johann Philip Bohm. Ich 
hielte ihn selbst zum H. Tauff. 
September d. 19 1738 ist mir ein Sohn 
gebohren, ich nente ihn Jacob. Ist 
gestorben den 6 Juny 1739 des morgens 
um 6 uhr. 

Martz d. 13t 1740. ist mir ein Sohn ge- 
bohren. Ich nente ihn Johannes. Der 
1. Heyland erlialte ihn zum Ewigen 

leben. ist getaufft von Joseph Spangen- 

October d. 28t 1742 des morgens um 2 

uhr ist mir eine Tochter gebohren. Ich 

nente sie Maria Magdalena. Der Herr 

Jesu Erziehe sie zu seinem Kind, und 

lasse sie zu seinem Ehren auf erden 

sein. Ist getauft von Joseph Spangen- 

January d. 8t 1745 des morgens um 3 
uhr ist mir ein Sohn gebohren. Ich 
nenten ihn Joseph. Ist getauft von 
Joseph Spangenberg gestorben in Bethl. 

Heute den 16 September 1748 ist mir 
ein Tochterlein gebohren in Bethle- 
hem das morgens um 2 uhr. Ich nente 
es Benigna u. derselbe Tag getau. Dass 
geschlachte Gotts Lamm erhalte sie in 
seiner offen seiten Hohl. 



A Translation of the Record was made 
over thirty years ago, as follows : 

Extract from the Church Record of the 
three High Dutch Reformed Churches of 
Falkner Swamp, Skippack and White- 
marsh in Pennsylvania, given this 20th 
of January, 1736, by me 

John Philip Bohm 
Pastor above written Churches 
Anno 1726 February 2nd. Henry Antes 
and Christina Elizabeth born DeWees 
after three regular notices given were 
married at Whitemarsh and have up 
to this time had, and under the bless- 
ing of God, offered for Holy Baptism 
the following named children : 
20th November 1726. Anna Catherina. 
The Sponsors were Frederick Antes 
and Anna Catherine his wife. Grand 
Parents of the Child, named her Anna 
Catherina, born 8th of November, 1 726. 
6th October 1728. Anna Margaretta. 
The sponsors were Hans Wolff Miller 
aud Anna Margaretta his wife, named 
her Anna Margaretta, born 9th Sep- 
tember, 1728. 
5th July 1730. Philip Frederick. The 
sponsors were Frederick Antes and An- 
na Catharine, Grand Parents. Named 
him Philip Frederick. Born 2d July 
21st November, 1731. William. The 
sponsors William Dewees and Christina 
his wife, the child's grand Parents, 
named him William, born 18th Sep- 
tember 1731. 
10th February, 173-i. Elizabeth. The 
sponsors were John Eschbach and Eliz- 
abeth his wife (the Father's sister), 
named her Elizabeth. Born 29th Jan- 
uary 1734. 

5th October 1736. A son was born to me 
this morning at three o'clock. I nam- 
ed him John Henry. The Saviour pre- 
serve him to Eternal life. He was bap- 
tized by John Philip Bohm. I myself 
stood as sponsor at his Baptism. 

19th September, 1738 A son was born to 
me. I named him Jacob. He died on 
the 6th of June 1739 at 6 o'clock in the 

13th March, 1740. A son was born to 
me. I named him John. The Dear 
Saviour preserve him to Eternal life. 

He was baptized by Joseph Spangen- 

28th October 1742. This morning at 2 
o'clock a Daughter was born to me. I 
named her Mary Magdalene. The 
Lord Jesus accept her for his child and 
let her live on earth to His Glory. She 
was baptized by Joseph Spangenberg. 

8th January 1745. This morning about 
3 o'clock a Son was born to me. I 
named him Joseph. He was baptized 
by Joseph Spangenberg. He died in 

16th Septeuiber 1748. A little Daugh- 
ter was born to me in Betlileliem,ab(Hit 
two o'clock in the morning. 1 named 
her Benigna. On this day she was 
baptized. May the Slain Lamb receive 
and retain her at his open wounded 
side. . 

A Revolutionary Relic. 

Among the papers of the Stetler family 
in Frederick township, was found the 
paper copied below. It bears two endorse- 
ments : "Capt M'Calla Bill of Sale for a 
sorel Horse 505 Dol." and "resed for 
mein kieinen fuchs saul." One of the Stet- 
lers most likely was the seller of the horse. 

I Do certify that Coll Robt Robinson 

bought at public Vendue a Continental 
Serral Horse with a bald face thirteen 
and 2 hands high Markd C. A on the 
left thigh and P P on the near fore 
Shoulder for which I have received five 
hundred and five Dollars for the States 

505 Dollars W McCalla A QG 

Janry 10 1780 

Swearing the Immigrants. 

In the Pennsylvania Gazette, October 
19, 1732, is an entertaining communica- 
tion on the unpleasant habit of asking 
useless questions. The writer gives sam- 
ple questions asked by thoughtless per- 
sons. From these we learn that it was 

customary to ring the bell when a com- 
pany of just-arrived immigrants were 
about to make declaration of fealty to 
the provincial government. 

"What does the Bell ring for? " 

"They are about to swear some Pala- 

"Where do all these Palatines come 
from ?" 

"From the Palatinate." 

"Where is that?" 

" 'Tis in Germanv." 


Payments for Land by Original Purchasers in the Perkiomen Country. 

(Continued from No. 3.) 

4 mo 18, 1723. Cash Dr to Accot of Interest £6 reed of 

Henry Ruth and Hans Lundis in part due 

on their Bond £ 6 

in which is included 7 bnshs & \ of wheat 

at Edwd Farmers Mill. 

5 mo 12, 1723. Cash (Paper) Dr. to Gerrerd Clements £4 13 11 

Reed of Henry Stoufer further in part of their 

Bonds " 4 10 

he paid about 50s. before to my wife but 

neither is enter' d on ye bond. 

Xbr 31, 1723. Accot of Land Dr to Jos. Jones £101 17 for 

1000 acres on the branches of Skepeck which 
he has convey'd to Trustees for securing s'd 
sum but if he pays the same with Interest 
Six Months after this date ye said Land is 
to be returned to him 101 17 

2 mo 14th, 1724. Henry Pannebaker received further in part 8 19 3j 

3 mo 16, 1724. Gerrerd Clements 

reed of him further in part 5 

4 mo 2, 1724. Richd Jones 

reed of Stephen Bowyer for his use 

further in part for his Land 10 10 

1st moth 3, 1724-5. Gerrerd Clements 

reed of Henry Stouffer and his Brother 

for his Accot 6 

1 mo 14, 1724-5. Henry Fry 

received Quitrent for 100 A's in Rocks- 
bury 10 yrs in part £0 10 13 4 
more 200 a's in Skipack 12 Yrs in full 1 12 

2 mo 2, 1725. Job Goodson 

received Quitrent 
for 373 Acres in & ) 

near the Lib more Uoyrsin full£2 17 4 3 16 9 

200 near Skepeck J 
and for James Peters Estate pd by Job Goodson 
500 acres near Skepeck 9 yrs ^ 

in part a Lot in the City 10 ^ £2 15 3 13 4 

yrs in full J 

5 mo 9th, 1725. Andrew Frey 

Reed of Ajb. Inglehort for him by the 

Hands of Lod Christian Sprogell 14 

6 mo 2, 1725. Morris Morris 

reed of him in full for 1000 acres granted 

and laid out to him in the Great Swamp 135 

6 mo 14, 1725. Gerrerd Clements 

reed of Daniel Stouffer further in part 

of Gerrerd' 8 obligation 5 10 

6 mo 25, 1725. Andrew Frey 

reed of Saml Moyer for him 17 17 

for the Interest of £12 12 due on his 
obligation now given up to Saml Moyer 

9br 17, 1725. John Henry Hagerman 

reed of him in pt 9 

9br 17, 1725. Andrew Frey 

reed of Alburtus Inglehort' s Son further 

in part 15 17 

(To be Continued.) 




Leidig's Burying Ground— Copied by George S. 


(Continued frotn No, 2.) 


ruhen in Gott 

die Gebeine des Gewesenen 

Daniel Krauss 
Er wurde gebohren im Jahr 

unsers Herrn 1742 den 14 

ten Julius uud begab sich in 

den Stand der Heiligen Ehe 

den lOten August 1772 mit 

Margaretha eine gebohrue 

Sehler. In welcher Ehe sie 8 

Kinder zeugten nilmlich 5 Soh- 

ne und 3 Tochter. Er starb den 

lOten October 1823, Seines 

alters 81 Jahre 2 Monathe 

und 26 Tage 

Sein Leichentext war Psalm 31 vers . . . 

In deine hiinde befehle ich meinen geist, 

du bast mich erleset, Herr, du treuer Gott. 


ruhen in Gott 

die Geheine der 

gewesen en 

Margaretha Krauss. -* 

Sie wurde gebohren den 9ten 

July 1752 und verehlichte 

sich auf den loten August 

1772, mit Daniel Krau&s 
In welcher Ehe sie 8 Kinder 
zeugten niimlich 5 Sohue und 
3 Tochter. Sie starb den 14ten 
May 1822, nachdem Sie ihr 
Alter auf 69 Jahre 10 Mo- 
nathe und 5 Tage gebracht hatte. 


ruhen die Gebeine des 


Georg Langbein, _ 

geboren den 25 Miirz 

im Jahr 1759. 

starb den 25 September 

im Jahr 1826 

brachte sein alter auf 

67 Jahre und 

6 Monate. 

Text. Offenb. 21, vers 4. 

Hier ruhet 

Eva Langenbein 

eine geborne Fischer. — 

Sie wurde geboren den 

lOten October 


Qestorben den 8 ten May 


Alt 87 Jahr 6 Monat 

und 29 Tage. 


ruhen die Gebeine 

von dem verstorbeuen 

Henrich Langbein 
Er wurde geboren den 

lOten August 1749 

und ist gestorben den 

24ten September lsl9 

alt 70 Jahr 1 Monat 

und 14 Tag. 


ruhen die Gebeine 
von der verstorbenen 

Margreth Langbein. 
Sie wurde gebDren den 
12ten August 175:^, und 
ist gestorben den 12ten 

October 1823. alt 70 

Jahr und 2 Monat. 


Heformieiter Brediger 

war gebohren 1715 

den 28 April 

ist gestorben 14 January 


ist alt 09 Jahr 

den 2 Tim. am 2ten Cap. vers 3 

Leide dich als ein Outer 

Streiter lesu Christe. 

> Dem 

Andenken der verewigten 

Catharena Leidig. 

Sie war geboren den 30ten 

Tag Juny im Jahr 1721 

vershlicht mit dem verstorbenen 

Reformirter Prediger 

Philip Leidig, 

und starb den 31ten Tag 

October im Jahr 1801, 

alt 80 Jahre 4 Monathe 

und 1 Tag. 

Leichentext lasaia am 3 Cap. vers 10. 

Hier Ruhet in Gott 

der Leib des verstorbenen 

Frantz Leidich, 

war gebohren den 26ten Martz im 

Jahr 1745 und ist gestorben den 2ten 

Juny 1811, 

Seines Alters 66 Jahr 2 Monath 

und 7 tage 

Leichen text. Hebrair am 4ten Capitel vers 

und 10. 


ruhet in Gott 

der Leib der verstorbenen 


Sie wurde gebohren 

im December 1748 

und ist Gestorben 

den 9ten October 1821 

ihres Alters 72 Jahr 

10 Monat. 

Text lesaias das 3 

capitel verst 10. 




ruhen in Gott 

die Gebeine des gewesenen 

Philip Leydig. / 

Ei wurde gebohren den 21sten 
May im Jahr unseres Herren 

IT^S verehelichte sich mit 

Rosina Buclier, eine Tochter 

des Georg Diederich Bucherts, 

sie zeiigten 6 Kinder niimlich 1 

Sohn nnd .i Tochter und starb den 14 

ten Mertz im Jahr 182--i, in 

einem alter von 66 Jahren 9 Mo- 

nattaen und 21 Tagen. 


denkmal flir 

Rosina Leidig, 

Tochter von Georg Dieter u 

Magdalena Buchert, Sie 

wurde geboren den 22 Februar 


Und begab tsicli in den stand der 

Ehe mit 

Philip Leidig. 

Sie lebten im Ehestand 42 

Jahr und zeichten 6 Kinder 1 

Sohn und 5 TOchter Nachher 

lebte sie 28 Jahr wlttwe 

Starb den 2ten November 


Alt 89 Jahr 8 Monat 

und 9 Tage. 

ruhen in Gott 
die Gebeine des gewesenen 
Jacob Reifschneider, 
Sohn des Sebastian Reif- 
schneider und seiner Ehefrau 


Er wurde gebohren im Jahr 


und starb den 26sten Tag 

February 1832, Seines 

alters ongefehr G3 Jahre. 

Leichen Text. Evangelium S. Johannes 

das 5the Capitel vers 'M. 

ruhen die Gebeine von 
Catharina Reifschneider 
eine gebohrne Kuntz 
und Gattin des Jacob Reif- 
Sie wurde gebohren anf den 2 
ten Tag May im Jahr 
und starb deen 22sten Sep- 
tember 1828. Ihres al- 
ters 53 Jahre 4 Monathe 
und 20 Tage 
Ihr Leichen text war OflFenbarung S. 
Johannes das 7 Capitel vers 16. 


ruhen des Gebeine von 

des verstorbenen 

Georg Mohr, 

Er wurde geboren den 

27ten October 1758 

und ist gestorben den 7ten 

January 1824, brachte 

sein Alter auf 65 Jahr 

2 Monat und 11 Tag. 

Leichen Text, lesaias 54 

capitel verst 10. 


ruhen die Gebeine von 

der verstorbenen 

Maria Barbara 


gewesene Ehefrau des Georg 

Mohr, eine geborne Lang- 

beinen, sie wurde geboren 

den 23ten February 1756, 

ist gestorben den 27teD May 

1807, brachte ihr alter 

arf 51 Jahr 3 Monat 

und 4 Tag. 

ruhen die Gebeine 
von des verstorbenen 
Johannes Reimer. 
Er wurde gebohren den 23teB 
November im Jahr 1734, 
und ist gestorben den isten Ja- 
nuary im Jahr 1822. Er 
, brachte sein Alter auf 87 
.Tahr 1 Monat und 25 Tag. 
Leichen Text, 2 Epistel an die 
Corinther 5 Capitel den 10 verst. 


ruhen die Gebeine 
der verstorbenen 
Maria Catharina 
wartend aut die Auferste- 
hungder Todten, sie wur- 
de gebohren den 26 sten 
May 1738 und starb 
den 27sten September 


ruhen die Gebeine 

von des verstorbenen 

Ludwig Reimer 

Er wurde gebohren den 

15ten February im Jahr 

173(), und ist gestor- 
ben den lOten September 
im Jahr 1818. Er brac- 
hte sein Alter auf 82 
Jahr 6 Monat und 
25 Tage. 
Lieichen Text ist 39 Psalm 
6 und 6 vers. 



ruhen die Gebeine 
von der verstorbenen 
Susanna Reimer 
Sie wurde gebohren den 
24ten October im Jahr 
1740, nnd ist gestorben 
den 4ten January im Ja- 
hr 1822. Sie brachte, ihr 
Alter anf 81 Jahr 2 
Monat und 10 Tag. 
Leichen Text, Johannes 5 
Capitel und der 24 verst 

ruhen de gebeine von 

Peter Schweisfort 

geboren den 29 Septr 

1771, Starb den 22 

Jan'y 1834, brachte 

sein Alter auf 62 Jahr 

3 mo und 23 Tags 

Leichen Text Psalm 73: 

vers 25 und 26. 

ruhen die Gebeine von 

Maria Schweisfort 

geborne Bickhart. sie 

war geboren den 19 

October 1772, 

starb den 10 May 1839 

brachte ihr Alter auf 

66 Jahre, 6 Monate 

und igfTage. 

Text. Evang. Joh. 5 

vers. 24. 


Memory of 

John Stetler, 

who was born in the Year 

of our Lord 1729, and 

Departed this life the 

29th Day of December 

1812. Aged 83 Years. 

Rwnember man 

as you Pass by As you are 
now So once was I. As I am 
now so you must be Prepa- 
re for Death and Follow me. 


Memory of 

Mary Stetter, 

who was born the 12th 

of November in the Year 

of our Lord 1734, and 
Departed this life in Sep- 
tember in the Year of our 
Lord 1775 Aged 41 

death thy pains are 
most Severe when once 
the stroke is given Christ 

1 hope has sent for me. To 
dwell wiUi hinoi in Heaven. 

Dis Ist die rue 
StAed elnes christllchen 
Mitbrudryes dieser 
Gemelnde nahmens 
henrich Stattler. Ist 
Gebohren Im Jahr christe 
1706 und starb den 16 
September 17fi3. Sein 
Ganses alter War 
57 Jahr. Ich habe 
lust abzuscheiden und 
bei christrs zu sein 
welches auch viel besser 

Hier Ruhet der 

Leichnam des 


Henrich Stattlers 

Er wurde gebohren im 

Jahr 1732. Verliesdas 

Zeitliche 1780, den 

9ten May Seines 

Alters 18 Jahr. 

ruhen die Gebeine von 

Catharina Stettler 

gewesene Ehe Frau von 

Heinrich Stetler 

Sie wurde geboren den 9 November 


und Starb deii 14 September 


brachte ihr alter auf 91 Jahre 

lu Monate und 5 Tage. 

ruhen die Gebeine 
eines verstorbenen mitbruders 
Christian Stettler. 
Er wurde gebohren den 3ten tag 
February im Jahr unsers Herrn 
und ist gestorben den 5ten tag De- 
cember im Jahr 1813, sein gan- 
tzes alter war 72 Jahr 10 
Monathe und 2 .Tage. 

ruhen die Ge- 
beine der verstorbenen 
Catharina Elesabetha 

gewesene Ehefrau von 

Christian Stettler. 

Sie wurde gebohren den 

20 sten August im Jahr 


und ist gestorben den Sten 

Tag November im Jahr 


rhres alters 80 Jahre 2 

Monath und 14 Tage. 



Andenken an 
Benjamin Schneider 
gewidtmet von seiner zurueckgebliebe- 
nen Witwe und Tochter. Er War 
gebohren den lOtea May 1757 
und wurde nach einem 23 Jiihrigen 
Ehiestande bier bei den Qrtiber sei- 
nes Sohnes und Enkelskens 
beerdight den 6ten February 1804, 
elt 46 Jahre 9 Monathe 
und 7 Tage. 

ruhen die Ge- 
beine der verstorbenen 
Elisabetha Schneidern, 
gewesene Ehefrau des Benjamin 
Schneider, sie wurde ge- 
bohren den 23sten November 
im Jahr 1761 und ist gestor- 
ben den 19ten tag November 
im Jahr 1817. Ihres alters 
55 Jahre 11 Monathe und 
26 Tage 
Leichentext Jesaias 56 Capitel 
vers 2. 

ruhen die Gebeine 
von der verstorbenen 
Catharina Mattes, 
eine gewesene Ehelrau des Jo- 
hannes Mattes, gebohrne Sch- 
wencken. Sie wurde gebohren 
den 3ten February im Jahr 

1790, und ist gestorben den 

24ten September 1816, 

Sie brachte ihr Alter auf 

62 Jahr 7 Monat und 

21 Tag. 

Brief Notices of Colonial Families. 



probably within the limits of 


Abraham Groff, a single brother from 
Goshenhoppen, of Mennonite parents, 
who had been baptized by Spangenberg in 
1745, and who came to Bethlehem in May 
of 1747, died August 9th, 1748. So 
wrote Bishop Cammerhoff to Count 
Zinzendorf, in 1748. 

The post offices in New Hanover town- 
ship are: New Hanover, Fagleysville, 
Layfield , Pleasant Run, and Anise. 

the present Frederick township, but be- 
fore It was erected. He was the son 
of George Philip and Veronica Dotterer, 
was born in Europe about 1701; married 

Catharine •; died in November, 1727. 

The children of Hieroniraus and Catharine 
Dotterer were : 

Veronica, born .January 7,1725; married, 
May 24, 1746, Philip Yost; died December 
7, I79S; buried at Reformed and Lutheran 
Union churchyard, Pottstown, Pa. 

Agnes, born February 14, 1727 ; mar- 
ried Yost Bitting ; died November 2, 
1785 ; buried at Leidig's graveyard, Fred- 
erick township. 

Hieroniinus Dotterer was a farmer, on 
a somewhat large scale for that early 
time, as is indicated below. He died 
without a will. Oa the Ifith day of Jan- 
uary, 1728, letters of administration upon 
his estate were granted to his widow, 
Catharine, who, in the meantime, had 
married Michael Krause. The sureties 
were John Greathouse, Balthus Fauts 
and Michael Krause. The inventory 
filed in court bears two endorsements : 
"'Inventory of the Estate of Hieronimus 
Dodorer, Dec'd, Published 16 Jany 1728," 
and "The Invitory of the Estate of the 
Widdow Dodoroh," and is as follows : 
An Invitory 

of the Estate of Uronomuss Dodorer, 
Deceased, Late of the County of Phil- 
adelphia, in the Province of Pencel- 


William J. Buck, of Jenkintown, pre- 
sented, on the 1st of December, 1894, to 
Trinity Reformed congregation, at 
Springfield, Bucks county, the weather- 
-jock which surmounted the first church 
^ uilding, from 1763 to 1816. 

1 pair of Leather briches at 5 Shillings 

1 homespun Suit of Drugget at 40s 

1 Broad Cloth Vest at 

1 felt Hatt at 

1 Pair of Spatter Dashes at 

1 Mare and a horse Colt at 

1 Black Horse at 5 Pound 

1 Chestnut colloured Mare at 5 Pound 

1 Bay horse at 5 pound ten Shillings 

1 Brindle Cow at J pound 15 Shillings 

1 Bay Colt at 

1 Black Colt at 

1 Red Cow at 

1 Red Heifer at 

1 Spotted Heifer at 

8 sheep at 

3 Piggs at 

£ s d 
00 05 00 
02 on 00 
00 10 00 
00 (II 06 

00 02 00 
06 00 00 
05 00 00 
05 00 00 
05 10 00 
02 15 00 
02 00 00 

01 05 00 

02 05 00 
02 00 00 
01 10 00 
00 18 00 
00 09 00 



1 Plow and Plow Tackling at 

01 08 00 

1 Saddle and two Bridles at 

no 10 00 

to a Dutch Addez and a broad ax at 

00 09 Oil 

1 Grubbing and 2 rings and 5 wedges at 

00 08 06 

1 Ax and bread trough and a Drawing 

Knife at 

00 05 06 

1 Iron Pott at 

no 13 00 

1 Little Iron Pott at 

00 05 00 

1 half Barrel at 

00 01 06 

1 Little Cagg at 

00 01 00 

a Cutting Box and Knife at 

00 10 00 

5 Bushels of Barley at 

00 15 02 

40 Bushels of unthreshed wheat at 

Ui Ifi 08 

15 Bushels of Clean Wheat at 

02 00 00 

the Green Corn and the Improvements 

56 Pounds 

56 00 00 

IS Pound in Money 

18 00 00 

6 Pound due to the Estate 

06 OO on 

128 09 00 

A true and Perfect Account Given by 

us John Pawling and William Woodley 

Appraisers of the said Estate as Witness 

our hands this 4th day of January 1727-8. 

Jno. Pawling 

William Woedle 

john jacob sciirack. 

John Jacob Schrack came from Ger- 
many in 1717, and settled in Providence 
township, west of Perkiomen creek. He 
brought with him his wife, Eva Rosina, 
and four children. He was a Lutheran, 
and joined with others of the New Han- 
over, Providence and Philadelphia con- 
gregations, in 1733, in commending per- 
sons sent to Europe to collect money to 
build churches in Pennsylvania, and in 
1735-39, in urging the ecclesiastical au- 
thorities in Germany to send a suitable 
preacher to serve these congregations. 
Muhlenberg came in the fall of 1742 in 
response to these petitions. Schrack 
died in the early part of the same year. 
He was sixty-three years of age. 

Muhlenberg landed at Philadelphia on 
Thursday, November 25, 1742. The fol- 
lowing Sunday he preached at New Han- 
over, and on Mondaj'^, the 29th. he writes 
in his diary : "Three elders of the con- 
gregation accompanied me nine miles 
down to New Providence, for the purpose 
of conferring with the deacons here, and 
stopped with the widow Schrack, whose 
husband, a deacon, and one of those who 
often petitioned the Rev. Mr. Ziegenha- 
gen for a minister, died the past sum- 
mer. " 

John Jacob Schrack was naturalize<l in 
the year 1729. He kept a pubHc house, 
called the Trap, which gave the name to 
the village, which is retained to the pres- 
ent day. His wiilow, and afterwards his 
sons, continued the public house, which 
was widely known. 

In the chuich register of the Lutheran 
church at the Trappe is the Schrack fam- 
ily record, placed there probably by Rev. 
John Casper Stoever, the predecessor of 

The children of John Jacob and Eva 
Rosina Schrack were : 

(born IN GERMANY.) 

John Joseph, boru Ot^tober 9, 1712; 
baptized ; naturalized in 1729 or 1730. 

Philip, born January 21, 1714 ; baptiz- 
ed ; married Maria . They had issue: 

Jacob, born November 29, 1740, and bap- 
tized by Rev. Mr. Dy lander, December 
11, 1740; John, born May 31,. 1742, and 
baptized by Minister Currie (of St. James 
Episcopal church, Perkiomen) June 27, 
1742 ; Henry, born February 5, 1744, and 
baptized March 5, 1744 ; Maria, baptized 
April 17, 1748 ; Philip, born November'^ 
3, 1750, and baptized April 1, 1750, Rev. 
Henry Melchior Muhlenberg and his 
wife, Anna Maria, being the sponsors. 
Maria, wife of Philip Schrack, was bur- 
ied September 23, 1766, aged fifty-one 

Eva Barbara, born May 1, 1716; bap- 
tized ; married, December 9, 1735, John 
George Cressman ( Johann Georg Cross- 

(born at sea. ) 

Maria, born at sea October 26, 1717 ; 
baptized at the Swedish church, Philadel- 
phia, January 12, 17i8, ( "ist auf der See 
geboren d. 26 October, 1717, und zu Phil- 
adelphia, in der Schwedischen Kirche 
getauft worden den 12. Januar, 1718") ; 
married, December 11, 1740, John Adam 
Simon Kun. Her name is given in the 
record of marriage as Anna Maria Savina 


John Jacob, born April 8, 1 724 ; bap- 
tized ; married, March 22, 1750, Maria 
Elizabeth Miihlhahn. 

Catharine, born July 17, 1726 ; bapti'ov 



ed ; married, June 20, 1753, Hugh Brad- 
ford, who >Nas buried June 1, 175(5, at the 
Trappe Lutheran churchyard. 

Christian, born October 4, 1727 ; bap- 

Elizabeth, born April 13, 1729 ; bap- 

John Nicholas, born June 23, 1730 ; 

Widow Eva Rosina Schrack died Octo- 
ber 19, 175(j. She was a native of the 
imperial city of Ulm ; married John 
Jacob Schrack in 1711. Her age was .sixty- 
eight 3'ears and six months. At her 
funeral sermons were preached in the Ger- 
man and English languages ; the German 
text was Ephesians 5 : 15, 16 ; the English, 
Hejirews 9 : 27. * 



Henry Bitting, of Freinsheiin, a small 
town in the Palatinate on the Rhine, de- 
siring to better his fortunes, determined 
to migrate, with his wife and children, to 
the New World. Before doing so, how- 
ever, he obtained a certificate from the 
church and civil authorities of his home, 
declaring him and his to be persons of 
good character, trustworthy, and free to 
go where they will, and asking for them 
the kind offices of all Christian people. A 
passport, of this import, was given him 
on the 24Lh of April, 1723, by the 
Burgomaster. An extract from the Re- 
formed church-book, showing the birth 
and baptism of Henry Bitting's children, 
was given him, on the 25tli of April, 
1723, by John Adam Schfeffer, at that 
time Evangelical Reformed minister at 
Freinsheim. From the church record, 
now deposited in the town hall of Frein- 
sheim, a representative of The Perkiomen 
Region obtained this information concern- 
ing the children of Henry Bitting and 
Anna Cartharine his wife : 

Martin (this name is not on the church 
book. ) 

Anna Sofie, born November 22, 1699. 

Johann Ludwig, born in 1702. 

Anna Katharina born March 9, 1704. 

Henrich, born December 20, 1705. 

Anna Dorothea Elisabetha, born March 
7, 1708. 

Johann Peter, born October 5, 1710. 

Justus, born July 2, 1713. 

Johanne Juliane, born April 5, 1715. 

The name in the church record is spell- 
ed Bottig and Pettig. Henry Bitting 
held the office of Ratiis-Diener (tipstaff. ) 
He brought his family to Pennsylvania 
in 1723. In 1734 he was in the list of 
taxables of Hanover township, the owner 
of one hundred acres of land. 

Martin Bitting was born in Freinsheim, 
probably before the opening of the church 
records there, which escaped destruction 
at the hands of invaders. July 27, 1727, 
he bought one hundred acres of land in 
Hanover township, bounded by lands of 
John Steger, Valentine Geiger and John 
Renberger. His occupation at this time 
was that of a miller. March 12, 1738, he 
purchased forty-one and a half acres ad- 
joining his other land; and March 3, 1752, 
one hundred and sixty-six acres seventy 
perches, also adjoining. In 1734 he was 
naturalized. In 1742 he applied for 
license to keep a public house at his dwel- 
ling place located in Hanover township, 
on the new road between Yoder's mill and 
the Great road to Philadelphia by way of 
Farmer's mill ; he was half way between 
Yoder's mill and Garret Dehaven's, a 
distance of twenty-flve miles, in which 
there was no liouse of entertainment. He 
died in 1756. His wife's name was Mar- 
garet. Their children were: Ludwig; 
Anna Catharine, born February 10, 1728, 
married Adam Hillegas, died February 
25, 1810 ; Adam, confirmed at Falkner 
Swamp Reformed church, at Whitsuntide, 
1750, aged 18 ; Sophia, confirmed at the 
same place at Easter, 1749, aged 15 ; 
Anthony, who died July 13, 1818, aged 
seventy-five years two months four days. 
Martin Bitting's widow was buried Sep- 
tember 18, 1780. 

Ludwig Bitting, born in 1702, married 
Levina Boehm, daughter of Rev. J.Philip 
Boehm. He was naturalized in 1734. He 
was taxed in Hanover township in 1734, 
but owned no land. In 1749, he was a 
resident of Lower Milford township, 
Bucks county. He was a member of 
Great Swamp Reformed church He 
represented Northampton county in the 
Assembly, 1758-'60. He made his will 



September 25, 1771 His wife's name in 
tiiis instrument is given as Elizabeth, 
indicating that his first wife had died and 
he had married a second time. He liad 
nine cliildren, wliose names were : Lud- 
wig ; Henry ; Antony ; Philip ; Peter ; 
Anna Maria, wife of Andrew Graber ; 
Elizabeth Dorothea, wife of Gabriel Klein; 
Mary Catliarine ; and Christina, wife of 
Franz Leydich, of Frederick township. 

Henry Bitting,born December 20, 1705, 
settled near Saucon ("Sackung.") In the 
register of the First Presbyterian church 
of Pliiladelphia is recorded the marriage, 
Eleventh month, 14th, 1744, under a 
license obtained from the civil authorities, 
of Henry Bitting and Katharine Riess. 
On the 3d day of December, 1747, Henry 
Bitting died. During his illness, 
namely on the 2d day of December 
he declared his will, verbally, to Alex- 
ander Dietfenderfer and Nicholas Wol- 
fahrt, and before the same was reduc- 
ed to writing he died. Subsequently, the 
substance of his will was probated be- 
fore Jacob Reiff, at Sal ford, and filed 
with the Register General; and in accord- 
ance therewith the three brothers of the 
deceased, — Martin, Ludwig, and Jost 
Bitting — were appointed administrators. 
He left his wife, Catherine, and too 
children. An inventory of his property 
was made and appraised by Jacob Wetz- 
el and David Owen, dated Upper Milford, 
Bucks county, Pa., February 6, 1748. It 
included : The improvement, £100. 0. ; 
Books of Divinity, £0. 15. ; 3 working 
horses, 2 mares, 2 colts, £16. 0. ; 10 
sheep, £2. 10. ; 4 milch cows £11 ; 2 
heifers, £4 ; 10 young cattle £9. The 
land was not clear of debt ; and 
therefore payments on this account were 
made : to Lynford Lardner for ye Proprie- 
taries £52. 0. 0; also to the same,in full for 
ye Land, £12. 8. 4 ; for return of ye Land 
15s.; William Peters, advice, 10s.; ye 
Secretary, 5s. 2d.; for ye Patent, £1. 6. 0; 
Recording ye Patent, 7s. 6d. Also, the 
following : paid ye minister for his attend- 
ance, 7s. 6d. ; for Rum at ye Funeral, &c., 
£1. 6. 8 ; Wm. Atkinson collector of 
Excise, £3. 0. 2 ; Anna Maria Bitting, 
4s.; Philip Compass, ye Indian, £1. 15. 10. 

Catharine, widow of Henry Bitting, mar- 
ried Jacob SchaeSer. The children of 
Henry and Catharine Bitting were : 
Catherine, afterwards the wife of Fred- 
erick Laubach ; Magdalena, who married 
Adam Engelhart. 

Justus Bitting, born July 2, 1713, was 
generally known as Jost Bitting in 
America. He married Agnes Dotterer, 
daughter of Hieronimus Dotterer, of 
Falkner Swamp. In 1743, he united with the 
Moravians. He lived in New Hanover town- 
ship. He died December 25, 1801 ; his 
wife Agnes died November 2, 1785 ; 
they are buried at Leidig's private 
burying ground. Their children 

were : Henry ; Joseph ; Peter, married 
Catharine Ickes, widow of Michael Ickes; 
Sopliia, married Isaac Bechtel ; Rebecca 
married (first) John Mintz,( second) Jacob 
Liebegut ; Rachel married Peter Acker ; 

Mary, married George Bechtel ; Annie 

married (first) AUenbach, (second) 

David Griffith ;John, born July 6th, 1754, 
married Elizabeth Riegner, died May 27, 
1812 ; Ludwig, l)orn October 24, 1759, 
married Anna Gertrude Scheffy,died April 
3,1829; Philip, married Magdalena Zoller. 
Mary Bitting,daughterof Jost Bitting, wife 
of George Bechtel, was born 1741, and died 
1818. George Bechtel was born August 14, 
1741, and died July 20, 1816. 

Old=Time News. 


Pennsylvania Gazette, October 5, 1732 : 
Wesel on the Rhine, May 28, — Four 
Days ago passed by this Place eleven 
large Vessels with People of the Palatinate 
and elsewhere, Men, Women and Child- 
ren, who by hard Usage, intolerable 
Servitude, and Religious Grievances, 
have been constrained to leave their 
native Country, to go to settle in the 
English Colonies in America. They are 
to take Shipping in Holland. 


Pennsylvania Staatsbote, June 14,1772 : 
Am 3ten dieses monats ist Mr. Michael 
Reyer von Goschenhoppen, in Philadel- 
phia Caunty, im 86sten jahr seines alters 
gestorben. Er war dreymal verheirat- 
het, und mit der erste frau hatte er 10, 
mit der zweyten 6, und mit der letztern 
8 kinder ; in allem 24 kinder. 




Alone, he started at the break of day, 
Before the stars had set, and ere the sun 
Rose o'er the hill-tops, to make plain the way ; 
And, wearied oft he stopped and asked each one, 
' Had aught been heard of where his treasure 

At which the heedless , laughing, answered, 

Men, sordid, said, ' ' r wer e better to have done 
His search wherein no profit could be won." 
Cheered by fond memo ries of men long dead, 
At last in garrets where the spiders wove 
Secure he found the"(;hristopher Saur"he sought. 
So. while the twilight gathers round his head, 
Each hour more precious grows his treasure trove, 
Like joys by some hard self-denial bought. 

Isaac R. Pennypackeb. 

At Sunset. 

The winter sun sinks slowly in the sky 

To touch each passing cloud with sunset glow. 
All hushed are winter winds where brown leaves 
Across the meadows, sere and dead, to show 
That summer days are gone. Leaves have re- 
Like withered fancies in the heart contained. , 

The flow of Perkiomen, still and strong. 
Is passing in a steady stream below. 

So placidly it seems to move along. 
That only round the huge stone oiers a flow 

Of rippled surface seems to cinie and go : 

A hidden hand might trouble waters so. 

Two centuries ago the silent stream 
Was Pah-ke-homa in the Indian tongue. 

When green, wooded hills hid the sunset beam, 
The deer was hunted, and the wild bird sung. 

Where hemlock-spruce was the sheltering shade, 

Pahkehoma a faithful mirror made. 

The woods are gone. Look on each well-farmed 

Where six generations during years of toil 
Compelled the stubborn earth to gladly yield 

The hardy harvester his well earned spoil. 
The strange, wild beauty of the past has fled, 
To leave us peace and plenty here instead. 

No sound disturbs the air, and silence sweet 
Rests over Perkiomen's rolling hills. 

Upon the stone archel bridge I stand to greet 
The spirit of the hour. The stream now fills 

Its channel quietly ; we scarce can dream 

How freshets struck the flood-mark of the stream. 

The bridge of old-time masonry, intact. 
Untouched by passing flood or rising tide, 

A monument unshaken, stanch, compact. 
Standing so firm and strong, to prick oui pride 

Asks us, — Who builds to-day, with conscience 

The sterling structures that shall still endure? 

Minerva Weinberger. 

Perkiomen Bridge, Collegeville, 
Dec. 17 th, 1894. 

Pig Iron Marketed in i738-'39. 

Soloinou K. Grimley, Esq.,of Schwenks- 
ville,has a number of old receipts and bills 
ol' lading relating to the transportation 
of pig iron by teams from the furnaces 
in the vicinity of the present Pottstown 
to Philadelphia in the Colonial period. 
We copy four of these old papers 

"The 15th day of March, 1736," says 
Mrs. Potts James in the'Totts Memorial," 
"Samuel Nutt and William Bronson 
entered into an agreement with John 
Potts to carry on their furx^ace called 
Redding, recently built, near Coventry, 
andof which they aresty led 'jointowners'." 
Redding Furnace, therefore, was in Ches- 
ter county, opposite the present Pottstown, 
and not at the present city of Reading. 
As late as 1750 but one house stood on the 
site of Reading. The names Abraham 
Englee, Abraliam Hingle and Abraham 
Young all stand, it is stated, for Abraham 
Young (who could not write), who drove 
Peter Pennepacker's team. 

Rec'd Oct. 9th by Peter Pennepackers 
Wagon one Tun of Pigg Iron from Reding. 

Will Bronson 

Reed October l-lth,1788,of Peter Penne- 
packer one Tun of Pigg Iron from Reding 
furnis by Abraham Englee for 

Will Bronson 

Received Sepr the 10, 1739, from Anna 
& Rebecca Nutt thirty-three Pigs weight 
one Tun which I Promise to Deliver unto 
White & Taylor, merchants in Philadel- 
phia. Witness my hand 

Abraham [ X ] Hingle 


Test Robt Hogg. 

Sep 29, 1739, Received of Anna and Re- 
becca Nutt Pigg & Peices which I Promise 
to Deliver to John Reynolds in Philadel- 
phia. Witness my hand 


Abraham [ X ] Young 




Our Old People. 


George Doll was born in Bretten, Baden, 
Germany, December 7, 1813. Anna Long- 
aker, daughter of Abraham and Anna 
(Smith) Longaker, was born in Limerick 
townsliip, Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 21, i814. They were united 
in marriage in Philadelphia, September 
12, 1837, by Rev. Henry Bibighaus, pastor 
of the German Reformed church of the 
Northern Liberties. Mr. Doll was for 
many years an importer and merchant in 
Philadelphia, but for some years past he 
has not been engaged in business. Mr. and 
Mrs. Doll frequently visit Schwenksville 
and neighboring points in the Perkiomen 
valley, for which they have a kindly feel- 
ing. They are members of the Reformed 
church. Mr. Doll is a member of the 
German Society of Phihulelphia, the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania and of 
other associations. He is a generous con- 
tributor to hospitals, colleges, churches 
and benevolent institutions. In his library 
hangs a framed acknowledgment of 
one of his benefactions, which portrays 
the character of the man — his liberality, 
philanthropy and love of home. It is in 
these words : 

Geehrtester Herr Doll ! 

Mit Urkunde vom 5 Aprill 1882 hatten 
Sie die Giite, zum bleibenden Andenken, 
dass an diesem Tage ein halbes Jahrhun- 
dert seit Hirer Auswanderung nach Nord- 
amerika umflossen sowie in dankbarer 
und liel)voller Erinnerung an Ihre wer- 
then Eltern,den Betrag von viertausend 
ein hundert neunzeg Mark fiir die Stadt 
Bretten zu dem Zwecke zu stiften, dass 
die Zinsen hieraus zur Anschaffung von 
gutem und wcissen Brod verwendet, und 
letzteres jeweils an Ostern und Weihnach- 
ten fiir alle Zukunft unter den Armen 
hiesiger Stadt vertheilt werden soil. 

Indem wir die Ehre haben Ihnen hie- 
mit dankbare Annahme dieser Stiftung, 
welcher wir den Namen "Georg 
DoU'sche Stiftung" beilegen, Namens der 
Stadt Bretten ganz ergebenst anzuzeigen 
und diepiinktlicheerfullungdes Stifungs- 
zweck zusagen, erfuUen wir hiemit zu- 
gleich die angenehme Pflicht, fiir Ehre 
durch diese edle Handlung wiederholt 
zum Ausdruck gelantite treue Anhaen- 
glichkeit an Ihren Geburtsortden freund- 
lichsten und tiefgefiihltesten Dank aus- 

zusprechen und Ihnen zugleich besten 
Griisse und Gliick wiinscheaus Hirer alten 
Heimath zu iibermitteln mit der Versich- 
erung ausgezeichneter Hochachtung und 

Bretten, den 22 April 1882 
Gemeinderath und Armenrath. 
[Here follow the names of the city coun- 
cil and overseers of the poor.] 

henry schweisford, 
son of Peter and Maria (Bickhard) 
Schweisford, was born in New Hanover 
townsliip, March 20, 1809; married (first) 
Catharine Hunsberger, daughter of 
Abraham and Elizabeth (Rosenberger) 
Hunsberger; he married (second) Eliza- 
beth Faust, daughter of Jacob and Sarah 
(Hauck) Faust. By his first marriage 
nine children were born; by his second, 
ten. His occupation is farming; he is a 
member of the Reformed churcli. He 
resides near Perkiomenville, in Frederick 


widow of Daniel Bartman, and who re- 
sides at Spring Mount, was born February 
24, 1806. She is the daughter of Wilhelm 
and Christiana (Detterer) Boyer, of Fred- 
erick township. Her husband was the 
son of Jacob and Sophia (Smith ) Bartman. 
They had ten children : Sophia, wife of 
Samuel Sassaman ; Henry ; William, de- 
ceased; Daniel and Mary ( wife of Conrad 
Krause), twins; Sarah, wife of Ei)hraim 
Samsel; Reuben; Catharine, wife of Aaron 
Frej'er; Jacob, deceased; Amelia, deceas- 
ed. She is of the Lutheran persuasion, 


was born in Skippack, SejJtember 18,1807, 
and married in May, 1828, Elizabeth 
Lederach. He had for years a store at 
Lucon, and afterwards kept a public 
house in Philadelphia, where he now re- 
sides. He was one of the organizers of 
the First Mennonite congregation in Phil- 

Where They Came From. 

Jacob Markley, a pioneer of Skippack, 
came from Wimpfen, grand duchy of Hesse 
Darmstadt, where he was born Julj'^ 11, 
1701. In Germany the family name was 



A Stranger's Impressions of the Per= 
kiomen Valley. 


Eev. H. B. Brumbaugh, of Huntingdon, 
Pa., one of the editors of the Gospel Mes- 
senger, published at Mount Morris, 111., 
recently took a trip through a portion of 
the Perkiomen valley and made a visit to 
Abraham H. Cassel and his library at 
Harleysville. This is what ho says of 
the trip in his paper of October 23, 1894 : 

Having a desire and a commission to 
see the far-famed library of Bro. A. H. 
Cassel, of Eastern Pennsylvania, we, 
in company with Prof. M. G. and Dr. 
Brumbaugh, left home on the evening of 
the 4th inst., and arriving at Philadelphia 
in the morning, we were ready to take 
the Perkiomen train at 7.40. After run- 
ning up the Schuylkill for a number of 
miles we entered the Perkiomen valley 
proper. It was one of those mornings 
when nature enrobes herself in her rich- 
est autumnal garb, and, in addition, 
throws around herself a mantle of spring- 
time beauty. The Perkiomen creek, or 
river, is not a large stream, but its banks 
are pleasantly shaded with large and 
richly foliaged trees, while the winding 
stream ripples quietly down through its 
bed in a way tliat seems lifeful and yet 
restful. The yalley is not large but pretty 
and productive, and from the appearance 
of the farms,and the good and substantial- 
looking houses and barns, we think the 
farmers must be at home there. 

As we rode along,some of the sweeps of 
vision were grand be^^ond pen-description. 
In this valley some of the most important, 
eventful and decisive scenes of the Revo- 
lutionary War were enacted. Here were 
the headquarters of General Washington 
during a part of that ever memorable 
period, and we had the pleasure, at Val- 
ley Forge, of seeing the house in which 
was his home during the winter of that 

severe struggle for liberty, of which we as 
a nation are so justly proud. 

After a most pleasant ride through the 
windings of the valley we alighted at 
Grater's Ford, where we were met by El- 
der Jacob Conner, and conveyed to the 
home of the Cassel library. The ride 

itself through this rich farming country, 
amongst the great shocks of unhnsked 
corn and the greening fields of wheat and 
rye, was an enjoyable one, but our pleas- 
ure was greatly enhanced by our driver, 
who seemed to be overflowing with loving 
kindness and brotherly affection. 

Well, we got there and were very kind- 
ly received at this home of antiquities — 
and he is an antiquarian sure enough ! 
Brother Cassel, we mean, — as full of old 
books as are his library shelves. He says 
that he has been an antiquarian from his 
boyhood up — and from the fruits of his 
life we justly suppose he is right, as he 
has a house full of books, pamphlets, 
papers and manuscripts, some of which 
are very vahial)le. He has some very old 
and rare books and papers, for which, he 
says, he has been offered their weight in 
gold. His books are his children, and he 
knows all about them. 

Bro. Cassel has pas.-^ed his three score 
years and ten, and the steeps of time are 
growing upfju him, but we hope there 
may be an antiquarian Elisha who may 
fall in love with the things that were of 
old, and thus continue the work which 
he has so nobly begun and carried on. 


The Old Trappe Church. 

-1893. The Old Trappe church; 
A memorial of tlie Sesqui-Centennial Ser- 
vice of Augustus Evangelical Lutheran 
church, Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania: Edited by Rev. Ernest T. Kretch- 
inann, Ph.D., Pastor. Published by the 
Congregation, Philadelpliia,1893. 8 vo, 182 

This is another important contribution 
to our local history. It begins with a 
history of the church, by Dr.Kretchmann, 
who had, in addition to voluminous 
material heretofore published on the 
subject, the original church register and 
minute books to draw from. John 
Christian Schultze began to labor here 
about 1 732 ; he was succeeded, a year or 
two later, by John Casper Stcever, Jr., 
whose last entry in the church book is in 
1735. From 1T35 until the arrival of 
Muhlenberg the congregation depended 
mainly upon the pastor of the Swedish 



church at Morlottdn. From Muhlen- 
berg's arrival to the present time, the 
history of the congregation is well known. 
A large part of the book is devoted to an 
account of the sesqui-centennial discourses 
and biographical sketches of the several 
pastors. Isaac R. Pennypacker's beauti- 
ful poem on The Old Trappe Church is 
appropriately inserted in the work, but 
we regret that its author's name is omitted, 
being given as anonymous. The illustra- 
tions are : The Old and New churches; 
Fac simile of Entries made in the church 
Register March 8, 1730, by John Casper 
Stoever, Jr.;Fac-simileof Muhlenberg's en- 
try upon the Register upon taking the Past- 
orate December )2, 174-'; Pastor Muhlen- 
berg Holding Service in the Barn (before 
the first church wasbuilt;)the Old Muhlen" 
berg House ; the old Trappe church as it 
appeared from 1763 to I8i4 ; Historic 
Vessels ; Interior of the Old Church ; 

Muhlenberg Family Portraits ; Muhlen- 
berg's Passport. 

Our Revolutionary Sires. 


General Philip Reed died at his resi- 
.1' nee in Kent county, Maryland, Decem- 
ber 12, 1829. — Norristown Free Press. 

Gen. Reed was Colonel of the 86th Regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania 1808. The 
86th Regiment at that time was composed 
of the enrolled militia within the bounds 
of Pottsgrove, Douglass, New Hanover, 
Limerick, Frederick, Upper Hanover 
viarlboro. Upper Salford, Lower Salford, 
Franconia. The first five formed the 
First Battalion, and their usual place for 
drill was at the house of Henry Krebs, 
New Hanover ; the latter formed the 
Second Battalion and frequently met for 
parade in Sumneytown. 

Jones Detwiler. 
captain mathias scheipfele. 

The Marlborough township Company, 
commanded by Captain Scheiffele, was 
encamped at Amboy, in the Fall of 1776. 
The captain had occasion to advertise 
two runaways from his company. He 
offered £6, in the Philadelphia Staatsbote, 
September 10, 1776, for their return to 
to camp. 

Folk=Names of Places. 

1!Y C. Z. WEISEK, D. D. 

The region lying partly in Berks, 

Montgomery and Bucks counties, that is 

in the angle formed by the three named 

districts, together with a strip of Lehigh, 

has been ycleped "Goshenhoppen" for a 

full century. In 1728 it i.s first written in 

the public prhits. Its orthography was 

framed by every writer after his own 

choice. Co wissa-hoppen, Queso-hoppen, 

Coss-he-hoppa, Gjshen-hoppen, Cosha- 

hopin, Cosche-hoppe and Goshenhoppen, 

and,it may be,still other specimens may be 

The German settlers derived it of Ger- 
man origin, but, like Tulpehocken or 
Conshohocken,itcame from Indian source. 
We are all the more ready to believe this 
herkmifl, from the fact that two Indian 
chiefs contributed to its patronymic, who 
owned contiguous tracts of land in this 
latitude. Their names were severally 
"Enschockhoppa" and "Shakahoppa." 
Their marks wera Smoke Pipe, which they 
invariably attached opposite their names. 
Until we are better informed, we are 
disposed to hold fast to this dusky origin. 
It embraces a tract extending from Treich- 
lerville to Sumneytown, north and south, 
and from the Bucks county line to the 
Perkiomen, east and west. It covers a 
region rather than a township or country. 
The only part which retains a part of the 
old name is Hoppenville. 

Daughters of the Revolution. 

The Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution met at Norristown on December 
17th, and established the Valley Forge 
Chapter of Montgomery county. The 
following officers were selected : 

Regent — Mrs. Anna M. Holstein. 

Vice Regent — Mrs. Charles H unsicker. 

Secretary — Miss Catherine Corson. 

Treasurer — Mrs. Joseph Fornance. 

Registrar — Miss Nina Read. 

Historian — Mrs. Hugh Mclnnes. 

The society is a national one with sub- 
ordinate organizations in most of the 
States. It is composed of members whose 
ancestors actively participated in the 
Revolutionary War. 

Vol. I. No. 5. JANUARY, 1895. 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

The PcrkioniGn Region, 

Past and Present. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

P. O. Box 316, Pliiladelphia. 

Valley Forge Park. 

The State of Pennsylvania is in a fair 
way of becoming the owner of the Revo- 
lutionary camp grounds at Valley Forge 
for a public park. The Commission ap- 
pointed to acquire the land has taken 
two hundred and seventeen and a half 
acres, at an aggregate cost of $29,578. The 
Commission recommends the purchase of 
two hundred and fifty acres in addition, 
at an estimated cost of $50,000. As the 
smaller area comprises substantially the 
ground needed, there may be objection 
to the enlargement of tlie park and the 
increased expense. On the other hand, 
the outlay of $80,000 to $100,000— the 
cost of the more extensive territory — is a 
mere trifle for the wealthy Keystone 
State. The National Government should 
have purchased the historic giound ; but 
failing to do so, it is a graceful act on the 
part of our State to perform the patriotic 

In the Heart op the Bitter-Root 
Mountains is the title of a work by A. L. 
A. Himmelwright, C. E., a native of Mil- 
ford Square. It is the authorized account 
of the sport and subsequent trials and 
adventures of a party of hunters known 
in tiie press as the Carlin hunting party — 
who, in search of big game, penetrated 
the Clearwater country of eastern Idaho, 
one of the roughest and most inaccessible 
regions of the temperate zones, embracing 
an area larger than the State of West 
Virginia and containing within its con- 
fines not a single permanent habitation. 
An expensive equipment, consisting of 

riding and pack animals, camping para- 
phernalia, provisions, arms, etc., was re- 
quired for the expedition. Their return 
was delayed by a protracted rain-storm, 
and impeded by a sick man — the cook. 
It was found, to their dismay, tliat the 
snow was too deep in the mountains to 
return with their horses. The passage 
down the Kooskooskee river was the on- 
ly alternative. The construction of rafts 
delayed the party over a month. Mean- 
while, their friends were tortured with 
fears for their safety. Four military ex- 
peditions were sent to their relief, and af- 
ter battling with the snows for two weeks 
one of these was forced to return and the 
others had penetrated only a short dis- 
tance into the wilderness. When the 
rescue of the party was ahnost despaired 
of, they were finally met coming down 
the Kooskooskee on foot by one of the 
relief expeditions. 

This is a book of thrilling interest. It 
contains 280 pages, 12mo., with 27 illus- 
trations from photographs, and a new 
map. Price, $1.50, postpaid. Single 
copies may be obtained from A. L. A. 

Himmelwright, Box 721, Middletown, 

William Penn in America, by William 
J. Buck, issued some years ago, relates 
the particular portion of the subject's life 
which he spent in Pennsylvania. It has 
a value in this respect to students of our 
State history over other works devoted to 
the founder. Mr. Bu(;k's object was to 
show as far as possible the every-day 
movements of Penn while here. This 



work, with several others by the same 
author, is noticed in Alhbone's Dictionary 
of Authors. Only three hundred copies 
were printed, of which a score or so re- 
main unsold, which may he obtained up- 
on application to the author, whose ad- 
dress is Jenkintown, Pa. 

Pay Roll of the Revolution. 

From one of the account books of Ben- 
jamin Markley,of New Hanover township, 
is taken the appended list of payments 
made to soldiers in October, 1781. On 
the back of the account was written : 
"Received of Peter Richards, October 10, 
1781, for Paying of Soldiers £28 10 0." 
Peter Richards was a sab-lieutenant for 
Philadelphia county at that time. Ben- 
jamin Markley was, in 1780, (and proba- 
bly in 1781 ) captain of the fourth company 
of Lieutenant Colonel Antliony Bitting's 
Battalion (the Fourth), Philadelphia 
County Militia; John Smith was lieuten- 
ant of the company. 

Oct. 12, 1781, paid to Henry Sackman £76 
15 paid to Simon Burger 1 2 (i 

paid to Jacob Kuglar 15 

paid to Baiuhard Dotrer 

Black [smith] 3 9 

paid to David Brough 5 7% 
paid to Quarter Master 

Wise 1 10 

do 7 6 

paid to James Bugland 3 9 

paid to Jacob Henry 3 9 

paia to Isaac Henry by 

Jacob 3 9 

paid to John Smith Liet 1 10 

paid to Jacob Zimmerman 3 9 

paid to Henry Sell 3 9 

paid to Barnhard Gilbert 3 9 

paid to Martin Bouman 3 9 

paid to G. Henry Snyder 1 

do 7 6 

paid to Peter Bare 7 6 

paid to Michael Helbord 3 9 
George Royer & Jacob 

Shelf 7 fi 

Jno Ole & Benjn Sell 7 6 
Ludwick Bender & Mich 

Fredk 7 6 

Jacob Royer & Jacob Long 7 6 

Jacob & Jno Beltz 7 6 
Christian Zollar & Jacob 

Teany 7 6 
Jacob Hering & Fredk 

Miller 7 6 
Geroge Rider & Ventel 

Pry 7 6 
Fredk Bingaman & Conrad 

Defenbocke 7 6 
Peter Bitting & Mardin 

Strous 7 6 
Peter Lower 30s. 

Thos Lord 2s. 

Valentine Qeiger. 


Valentine Geiger was born in 1685, in 
Germany, where he married the daughter 
of a Lutheran clergyman. Heaccomi)an- 
ied his father-in-law to Pennsylvania in 
1717. He purchased two hundred and 
fifty acres of land in Falkner Swamp from 
John Henry Sprogel!, under an agree- 
ment dated April 16, 1718. The land was 
laid out and surveyed by Henry Panne- 
backer. The consideration was £50 in 
money, and £3 rent yearly until the 
principal was paid. He settled upon this 
tract, which was located near the land upon 
which New Hanover Lutheran church was 
afterwards built. He was the first settler 
in New Hanover township. Rev. Henry 
Melchior Muhlenberg, in one of his re- 
ports to his principals at Halle says he 
was "der erste Anbauer des Arates." 
In his youth he had received a fair educa- 
tion in Germany, and he had been in- 
structed in the doctrines of the Evangeli- 
cal (Lutheran) clnircli. His father-in-law, 
(whose name is not given) lield religious 
services for the beginners of the colony 
for several years. When Muhlenberg 
arrived in 1712, Valentine Geiger was one 
of the elders of New Hanover Lutheran 
congregation, which office he continued 
to hold until his death in 1762. 

In 1726 Valentine Geiger met with a 
misfortune, by tlie total destruction b}^ 
fire of his home in the new country. At 
the session of the Supreme Court held 
September 25, 26 and 27, 1740, he was 
naturalized. In 1734 his name appears 
in the tax list of Hanover township as 
the owner of one hundred acres of land, 
but he was still the owner of his original 

purchase, as is shown by tlie following 
receipt for rent : 

Received of Valentine Geiger the 

Sum of four Pounds fifteen Shillings in 

Part of the Rent for 250 Acres of 

land bought at £20 per hundred in 

the Year 1718, Received by me this 

twentieth Day f June 1737. 

John Henry Sprogell. 

The two hundred and fifty acre tract 

was described in the agreement of April 

16, 1718, as follows : Beginning at a post 



by a corner of Antonius Hinckle, thence 
northeast 625 perches to the line of John 
Henry Sprogell's other land; thence by 
the same northwest 64 perches to a heap 
of stones by a corner of Hans Jurg War- 
ner, thence by said Warner's land south- 
west 625 perches to a white oak in the 
line of Peter Conrad's land; 
thence southeast 64 perches to the place 
of beginning. 

Owing to the loss by fire of the agree- 
ment between Geiger and Sprogell it 
became necessary to take action to protect 
the title to his land. John Henry Spro- 
gell meanwhile had died, making this 
somewhat difficult. On March 16, 1747, 
came before John Potts, Esq., one of His 
Majesty's Justices of the Peace of Phila- 
delphia county, Valentine Geiger, who 
said that his copy of the agreement of 
Api'il 16, 171s, between himself and John 
Henry Sprogell, was, in the year 1726, 
lost in the Flames when his house was 
totally consumed by Fire. Under date of 
February 18, 1747, Johanna Christiana 
Sprogell, widow of John Henry Sprogell, 
Junior, acknowledged that she found a 
Writingor Indenture of .\greement among 
the papers of John Henry Sprogell, Seni- 
or, deceased, her father-in-law, of the 
date April 16, 1718, and of the character 
above described, between Valentine Gei- 
ger and John Henry Sprogell. Balzer 
Hoover and John Campbell witnessed 
the signature of (written in German) Jo- 
hanna Christiana Sprogell, witwe. 

Valentine Geiger's home became the 
nucleus of a new and rapidly developing 
settlement. It was located in the heart 
of the fertile Falkner Swamp, in the cen- 
tral anil best part of the great tract granted 
by William Penn to the Frankfort Land 
Company, but of which J(jhn Henry 
Sprogell had, meanwhile, by means legal 
if not altogether unquestionable, obtained 
possession. It was plenteously watered and 
thickly wooded. Two churches,a Lutheran 
and a Reformed, were soon built. Spro- 
gell and his agents at Philadelphia sent nu- 
merous settlers who established themselves 
permanently upon the desirable land. An 
officer of the church, prosperous in business 
and the pioneer, Geiger was a man of note 

in the community. He was fairly well edu- 
cated, temperate, courteous and liberal. 
He had a pleasing face and did not worry 
over the troubles of life, but was content 
with things as they came. Before the 
arrival of Muhlenberg, it would appear, 
his wife died. He married a second time; 
again the daughter of a clergyman, but 
the second ministerial father-in-law was 
"one of the sort, "so Muhlenberg derisive- 
1 J' says, ' 'made i n this country. ' ' TheChris- 
tian name of this wife was Maria Eliza- 
beth, but her family name is not recorded. 

Valentine Geiger died in December, 
1762. Pastor Muhlenl)erg at his decease 
was absent at Philadelphia, but was sent 
for and officiated at the funeral. An un- 
commonly lai'ge nuaiber of persons was 
jjvesent. He was seventy-seven years old, 
forty-five of which he lived in this coun- 
try. He was the father of fourteen child- 
ren, ten of whom survived him. 

His widow, JMaria Elizabeth Geiger, 
was appointed adminislrairix of the estate. 
Septembei- 17, 1764, Fiederick Antes, 
Henry Dearing, Jr., and Thomas Evans, 
were appointed to examine the accounts 
and tliey reported a balance in her hands 
of £217 5 2. Concenung the children of 
Valentnie Griger, the following is gleaned 
from church records and other sources : 

Anthony, born February 8, 1717 ; mar- 
ried November 25, 1746, at New Hanover, 
Barbara Geiger; was buried April 11,1753, 
aged thirty-five years. He resided in 
Douglass township, Philadelphia (now 
Berks) county, at trie time of his death. 

Christopher, was named an executor 
in his brother Anthony's will dated April 
7, 1753. He married,in a few weeks after 
this date, Anthony's widow, Barbara — so 
the church records indicate. They had a 
son, Anthony, born April 26, 1754, and 
baptized August 11, 1754. 

Valentine married in May, 1747, under 
a license, Sarah Wittatue (or Wedetoo,) 
widow. Issue : Jacob, born 1748 or '49. 
Mary Elizabeth, born November, 9,1750 ; 
John Anthonj', born May 1, 1753 ; John 
Valentine, born May 14,1755; Sarah, born 
December 14, 1758. January 19, 1764, 
Sarah, wife of Valentine Geiger, was 
buried. James Wedetoo and Mary 



Wedetoo were Valentine Geiger's step- 

Maria Margaretha, confirmed a member 
of New Hanover Lutheran church Sunday 
after Easter, 1746; married March 10,1747, 
John Stapleton. They had : Elizabeth, 
born May 15, 1748. 

Anna Barbara, confirmed a member of 
New Hanover Lntheran church April 2 1 , 
1754; married November 4, 1755, at 
Germantown, by the Lutheran pastor, to 
George Kast, widower. 

John, born about 1742; confirmed May 
14, 1758, aged sixteen ; married Elizabeth 

John Henry, born March 28, 1744; con- 
firmed, May 14, 1758. 

Benjamin, born March 8, 1748; May 5, 
1764, asked Orphans' Court for a guardian, 
when Diedrich Bucher was appointed; 

married Elizabeth . They had : 

John Benjamin, born February 1, 1777, 
and baptized April 3, 1777. 

Jacob, born about 1749; confirmed June 
17, 1764, aged fifteen.. 


Entry in Old Trappe Lutheran church 
record, December 10, 1755 : "Istder junge 
Peter Peters, der von Virginia wegen der 
Indianer hieher geflohen, war begraben. 
Text, Psal. 116: 6-9." 

The post offices in Frederick township 
are : Frederick, Obelisk, Zieglervilie, 
Delphi, Spring Mount, and Perkiomen- 

Daniel Hiester, the immigrant, besides 
conducting his tannery, made tiles at his 
place in Upper Salford township. He 
also made the bricks of which his man- 
sion was built in 1757. Heinrich Bier- 
man was another tile-maker, about 1725 
to 1730 on the east side of Perkiomen 
creek, in the vicinity of the present 
Schwenksville. Solomon K. Grimley, 
of Schwenksville, has specimens of the 
work of both of these mechanics of the 
early times. He says : "In shape and 
form they are nearly alike, but in color 
they differ ; the Bierman tile looks red- 
dish, while that of Hiester is yellowish." 

Abraham Gerhart was appointed, 
March 29, 1813, by Governor Snyder, 

Justice of the Peace for District No. 4, of 
Montgomery county, composed of Lower 
Salford, Towaraensin, and Franconia 
townships. Abraham H. Cassel, of Har- 
leysville, has the commission. 

Entertaining Indian Chiefs in 1731. 

James Steel, for the Proprietaries' 
government, made the following dis- 
bursements for the expenses connected 
with a visit of Indian chiefs to Philadel- 
phia. His account is dated 6th uionth 
18th, 1731. 

For 7 days & Nights Entertain- 
ment of Sosoonan, Checallamy, 
Pisquetam, his wife & young 
kinsman £ 2 12 6 

for 7 Nights pasturage and feeding 

wth oats for five horses 1 15 

for 8 horse Shoes put on their Horses 6 8 
for 12 Galls Rum at 3s. 5d. ^ gall. 2 10 
for 4—3 Gallon Caggs to hold the 

Rum 10 

for a gun to Sosoonan [this entry 

is cancelled] 
for a Saddle to him 1 12 

for a Hat to him 
for Cash supplyd him ten Shillings 

P J. L. ordr 10 

for Ditto pd Nich Scull for Checall- 
amy his expences when last in 
Town 7 6 

for making Coats for Sosoonan 
and Pisquetam and lining and 
Trimu)ings paid John McComb 3 99 

£ 13 4 5 

Musical Triumplis of a Young Ameri = 
can in Paris. 

Professor Albertus Shelley, a scion of the 
Shelley and Hiester fainiUes, is tluis re- 
ferred to in the account of the celebration 
of the twenth sixth anniversary of 
the Paris Y. M. C. A. in the New 
York Herald, Paris edition, Decem- 
ber 5, 1894 : "Mr. Slielley, a young 
American, a grandson of the late Dr. 
Shelley, who holds the Dresden Conserva- 
tory diploma, played some violin volun- 
taries in a manner that elicited contiimed 
rounds of applause from the large assem- 
blage present." 


Assessment of Frederick Township for 1776. 


[We regard the subjoined list of taxables as possessing great interest. Everything 
pertaining to the days of 1776 is of historic vakie. The paper has tlie merit of being 
official, and on that account has an augmented importance. Mr. Buck obtained this 
document by mere cliance wliile making historical researches. He writes : "I pre- 
sume it is now nearly ten years ago that I accidentally discovered an assessment of 
Frederick township in 1776. It will now come in very good for your undertaking, 
and must rank with your most invaluable papers as yet unpublished."] 

George Weikert, Assessor. 

Leonard Boyer, Collector. 

Caspar Achenbach, one cow. 

Frederick Antes, Esquire, 250 acres. 6 horses, 7 cows, 9 sheep, grist and saw mill, 

one servant, £32 1 7 8. Pays an annuity to his mother. 
Francis Bard, 3 acres, one cow. 
Samuel Bertolet, 1 horse. 
Conrad Bickhard, 20 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 
Andrew Boyer, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

George Bo)fer, 200 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows; cripple and 7 children. 
Henry Boyer, 60 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 
Henry Boyer, Jr. , 1 65 acres, 1 horse, 5 cows. 
Leonard Boyer, collector, 27^ acres, 2 horses, 6 cows. 
Philip Boyer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 
Philip Boyer, Jr., 175 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows. 
William Boyer, 60 acres, 1 servant, 2 horses, 3 cows. 
Pliilip Brown, tailor, 2 cows. 
Jacob Christman, 160 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows. 
Andrew Conrad, 1 cow. 

Catharine Deem, for Jacob Grubb's estate, 16 acres. 
Peter Dehaven, single. 
George Derr, weaver, 1 cow. 

Jacob Detwiler, 200 acres, 2 horses, 6 cows, grist and saw mill. 
C >rad Dotterer, 250 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 
John Dotterer. 

Michael Dotterer, 220 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows; maintains his parents. 
Peter Faust, 28 acres, 2 cows, 7 children . 
Susanna Frey, widow, 150 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 
Charles Fuchs, 1 cow. 
John Geist, single. 

Mathias Geist, 150 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 
George Gilbert, 1 cow. 

George Gougler, 150 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 
Conrad Grob. 100 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 
John Hartenstein, 1 horse, 2 cows. 
J(jhu Heebner, 150 acres, 1 horse. 
John Heebner, 200 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows. 
Philip Heebner, single. 
John Herger, 128 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows. 
John Hiltebeitel, 150 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 
Adam Hollobush, 125 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows. 
Christian Hollobush, 100 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 
Dorothy Hollobush, widow, 50 acres, 7 cows. 


Henry Hollobush, 100 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Jost Hollobush, one cow. 

Peter Hofstat, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Ellas Horst, 20 acres, 1 cow. 

Jacob Houch, 100 acres, old and imfirm. 

Peter Houch', 140 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

John Hummel, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

George Kehl, 2 cows. 

Mathias Kern, 125 acres, 3 horses, 6 cows, and grist mill. 

Frederick Koons. 

Michael Koons, 170 acres, 3 horses, 5 cows. 

Godfrey Koppes, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Jacob Kratzer, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

George Krause, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

Henry Krause, 150 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Henry Krause, Jr., 140 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Michael Krause, 150 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows, j a grist mill, aged, and a crippled son 

and childish wife. 
Michael Krause, single. 
Francis Leidig, 170 acres, 2 horses, 7 cows 
John Philip Leydich, minister, 2 horses, 3 cows. 
William Lick, 1 cow. 

George Michael, 275 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. . , 

Peter Milhof, 1 cow. 
Peter Minner. 

George Moyer, 25 acres. 1 horse, 2 cows; a cripple. 
Frederick Nebel. 

'George Nyce, Sr., 260 acres, 3 horses, 6 cows, 1 negro, 
r Joseph Nyce, single. 

^ Zachariah Nyce, 145 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows, 1 negro. 
John Reary, 1 cow. 

John Reimer, 130 acres, 2 horses, 5 cows. 
Ludwig Reimer, 130 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 
Peter Roshong, 1 cow. 

Henry Sassaman, 150 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 
Abraham Schfeffer, 1 horse, 2 cows. 
Ludwig Schiittler 180 acres, 2 horses, 5 cows. 
George Schwenk, 200 acres, 3 horses, 5 cows. 
George Shill, 73 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

George Smith, shoemaker, 140 acres, 3 horses, 3 cows, rents of Charles Fuchs. 
Henry Smith, 140 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Widow Smith, (John Smith's Estate) 140 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 
Christian Stetler, 125 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 
Henry Stetler, potter, 1 servant, 130 acres, 4 horses, 4 cows. 
Jacob Stetler, 125 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 
David Underkoffler. 

Jacob Underkoffler, 300 acres, 3 horses, 5 cows. ., 

Jacob Underkoffler, Jr., 1 horse, 1 cow. 
John Ulrich, 1 horse, 2 cows. 
Andrew Weidman, 100 acres, 2 horses 2 cows. 
George Weidman, innkeeper, 100 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

George Weikert, assessor, 375 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows, grist and saw mill, 1 servant. 
Andrew Werner, 2 cows. 



Henry Werner, smith, 3 cows. 

Peter Werner, 50 acres, 2 cows; old and infirm. 

John Yost, 200 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows. 

John Yost, Jr., single. 

Charles Zeller, 100 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Jacob Zieber, 60 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

John Zieber, 190 acres, 2 horses, 5 cows. 

Autumn Leaves. 

To spend the sunshine of an October 
day out under the open sky is most in- 
spiring and invigorating. The most vivid 
beauty of the autumn was present when 
we walked along the tributaries of the 
Perkiomen near the village of Sumney- 
town. This village, nestled at the feet of 
the surrounding hills, is a most hospitable 
place. It was in its prime in the old-time 
days of stage coaches, when Sumneytown 
was an important stopping place. 

The fair sky, the glorious sunshine 
lured us out over the meadows; crossing 
a foot-log we were adjured to keep steady 
by the story of a weighty individual who, 
becoming nervous in crossing this preca- 
rious bridge, fell into the stream and 
threatened disaster to her own individu- 
ality and to the tiny stream. 

Upon climbing the steep hill all around 
us, was a scene of indescribable beauty, 
brightness and peace. The autumn 
leaves added every possible tint of brown 
and green and gold and red. The pines, 
the cedars and the hemlocks furnished a 
background or setting. 

Here at the top of the hill were the 
boulders that furnished the material for 
the work in Belgian blocks, which patient- 
ly persists in reducing these rocky prob- 
lems of the agriculturist to material for 
city streets. 

Scrambling over the pile of rocks and 
filing along the narrow foot-path, we 
came to the other side of the hill, and 
voices and echoes of a popular song greet- 
ed our ears. As we came to the roadway 
the East Swamp creek was before us. 
The stone piers of a county bridge were 
being erected. A derrick was slowly 
raising the ponderous masses of rock. 
The stream was turned aside from its 
channel, and the excavations gave us an op- 
portunity to see the sub-strata of the 

stream bed. A spirit of languor seemed 
to pervade the troop of workmen. Car- 
riages passed through the dangerous ford. 
When a carriage would come in sight the 
workmen would say to each other, "Here 
comes the engineer." Their frolicsome 
spirits and desultory movements were 
owing to the absence of the master mason. 

On crossing another foot-bridge we 
came to the ruins of an old mill — ruins 
that have survived many a season of 
autumn leaves. It was quite picturesque. 
The large, old-fashioned wheel, the tum- 
bling cascade, the substantial stone struc- 
ture with decayed and mossy wood work, tell 
of an industry that has left the valley. 
For the raising of flax,and the subsequent 
manufacture of linseed oil, has long been 
relinquished. A deserted house near by, 
evidently of the same period, is so redo- 
lent of mustiuess that it seems to hint of 
other horrors than the process of vegeta- 
ble decay. 

Climbing up the hill behind the liouse, 
we saw more operations in Belgian blocks. 
When we exclaimed at seeing a huge 
mound with old-fashioned flowers grow- 
ing on top, one of the workmen, saluting 
us, said, "That's what we Philadelphia 
folks call a Dutch oven." On going down 
to examine we found it in good repair, 
almost tempting us to experiment in a 
test of its baking powers. The plateau 
on top had been a flower garden. 

Returning by the other side of the stream 
we saw many grotesque rocks in the 
middle of the creek. The current of the 
flowing water was revealed by the floating 
masses of the fallen autumn leaves. 

Hearing a sound as of a cascade we 
stopped, but it was only a strong breeze 
blowing through the tall, swaying forest 
trees and waving the myriad autumn 
leaves. Emerging from the wilds, laden 
with autumn leaves we reached the dusty 



road, when we saw a pitiful sight — a bhnd 
child at a cottage door. Further on we were 
amused by the whimsical freaks of a balky 

On reaching the starting point we 
breathed a sigh of relief. We laid down 
our autumn leaves and proceeded to pick 
the burs and Spanish needles from our 
skirts. It was an hour's work. Even a 
quest for the golden glories of autumn 
brings us home dusty and toil-stained. 

The different phases of the history of 
this bit of the Perkiomen valley, with its 
once prosperous mills, would make us 
compare the waves of prosperity with 
the destiny of autumn leaves. 

If so much time could be spent in local 
explorations how much time would it 
have taken, and how would poor Colum- 
bus have fared, if, instead of making his 
brief discovery, he had started to explore 
our great continent? Would the luxuri- 
ant wilds have soothed his ambitious 
melancholy ? 

Were we to explore literature for all the 
beautiful thoughts written of the autum- 
nal leaf, what a lovely volume would be 
ours ! 

Minerva Weinberger. 

Marriages by John Wentz, Justice 
of the Peace, of Whitpain Township. 


August 28. Evan Bisson, of Worcester 
township, mason, and Anna Reaf, of 
Whitpain township, spinster. 
V November 20. Matthias Tyson, of Skip- 
pack township, son of Matthias Tyson, 
the elder, and Mary Harley, (daughter 
of Henry Harley, of Worcester town- 
ship, yeoman,) spinster. 

February 21. Christian Detterer, of Skip- 
pack township, saddler (son of Christian 
Detterer, Sen.,) and Mary Hallman, 
(daughter of Jacob Hallman, of same 
township), spinster. 

February 28. Henry Hallman, of Skip- 
pack township, yeoman, son of Benja- 
min Hallman, of Providence township, 
and Elizabeth Crater, (daughter of John 
Crater,of Skippack township, ) spinster. 

November 8. Jacob Markley, of Skip- 

pack township, yeoman, son of Jacob 
Markley, Sen., and Elizabeth Johnson, 
(daughter of Benjamin Johnson, of 
same township,) spinster. 


March 26. John Amos, of Upper Dublin 
township, miller, son of John Amos, of 
the city of Philadelphia, and Mary 
Fultz, daughter of John Fultz, of 
Springfield township, Bucks county, 

INIay 14. I.saac Detterer, of Skippack 
township, yeoman, son of Christian 
Detterer, Sen , of same place, and Mary 
Markley, (daughter of Jacob Markley, 
of said township, ) spinster. 

September 1. William Huston, of Ger- 
mantown township, scrivener, son of 
John Huston, Esquire, of the same 
place, and Margaret Rex, (daughter of 
William Rex, late of Springfield town- 
ship, deceased,) spinster. 

December 25. James McKinney, of 
Whitpain township, mason, son of 
Morris McKinney, deceased, and Mary 
Koken, daughter of John Koken, de- 
ceased, spinster. 


March 25. Stephen Shaw, of Norriton 
township, miller, son of Denis Sliaw, 
deed., late of the City of Philadelphia, 
and Hannah Rhoads, daughter of Eze- 
kiel Rhoads, of the townshij) aforesaid, 

April 1. Henry Whickle, of Perkiomen 
township, yeoman, and Catharine Been, 
daughter of Henry Been, late of said 
tp., dec'd., spinster. 

Our Revolutionary Sires. 


Died, January 1, 1844, Mr. John Brant, 
in the 90th year of his age. He resided 
in Plymouth township at the time of his 
death. He was the father of sixteen 
children — eight of whom survive — by 
his first wife. His second wife survives 
him. "His attachment to the Union 
and the Liberties for which he fought 
was ardent and un relaxing to the last. 
He maintained an unexceptionable 
character." — Norristown Register, 1844. 


Payments for Land by Original Purchasers in the Perkiomen Country. 

(Contimied from No. 4.) 

<)brl9, 1725. Thomas Wilson 

reed of Jera Cowman for thequitrents of 

Thomas Wilsons Lands viz 

1050 acres part in Rocksborough and 

part on a branch of Parkeauming 11 

years in fall £ 5 15 6 

4ino 2, 1726. Hans Lundis 

reed of Gerrerd Clements for him being 

on acet of Hans &. Henry Ruths Bond 5 8 

9br 23, 1728. Henry Pennebaeker 

reed of him further in part 40 

9br 23, 1728. Henry Pennebaeker, Dr 

Toaccotof Land for 152 Acres more than 

is granted in his Warrt at 13.10 1^ ct 20 10 4 

12nio, 1728. Henry Pennebaeker 

Reed further in pt by my wife while I 
was absent at Duck Creek 29 

[James Steel's entry.] 
3mo 22, 1729. Andrew Frey 

reed of him further 5 

3ino 31, 1729. Robt Jones (of Purkeawining) Dr 

To Acet of Interest remaining ,dne on 

his Penal Bill 2 7 5 

reed of him in full 6 15 

4mo 5, 1729. Andw Frey 

reed of Lod Inglehort for his Account 7 10 

4mo 6, 1729. Gerrerd Clements Dr 

for the Interest due upon Settling the 
several payments made on his Bond now 
given up 16 5 

reed of liimself & Jacob StouflTer ( inclu- 
ding my Wife's rect for £3 6 10) in full 17 18 

4mo 7, 1729. Samson Davis 

Rec'd of him Quitrent for 150 acres of 
Land near Parkea wining 12 years in 
full £0 IS 14 

8br 12, 1729. James Steel Dr 

for 300 acres contain' d in the Tract sur- 
vey'd to liim on the Branches of Parkea- 
wining , 30 

9br 14, 1729. Henry Ruth Dr 

for the Interest due on his acet now 

settled and given up 9 5 

9br 14, 1729. Henry Ruth 

reed of him and Garrerd Clements at 

several payments in full 45 16 

9br 14, 1729. Andrew Frey 

reed of Lodwck Inglehort for his 

accot 2 8 

9br 12, 1730. John Henry Hagerman Dr 

for the Interest due on his obligation 
now Settled and given up £7 12 

for the quitrent due on 200 acres 
where he dwells at Skepeek 13 
years in full £16 1 14 

9 6 8 

reed of himself in full 13 9 2 

9br 12, 1730. Andrew Frey 

reed of George Grouse for him in part 14 15 


9br 25, 1730. Andrew Frey Dr 

for Interest of £17 13 6 one yr to be pd 
by Geo. Grouse £110 

for Quitrent for 22 As 13 years in 
full 3s. 4 

9br 31, 1730. Andrew Frey 

reed of G. Grouse further from him 4 3 6 

3mo 19, 1731. Ludwick Inglehort 

reed of him Quitrent for 100 acres of 
his own & 80 acres of his Brothers 
near Limerick part of a Tract 
laid out to H Morry & .T. Budd 11 vrs 
in full £0 19 11 19 iqi 

Imo 16, 1732-3. Quitrentsrecd 

of Lawrence Hendricks for 173 As 

near Skeepeck in full £ 1 13 2 9 6 

of Henry Hendri(!ks for 149 As near 

Skeepeck in full 1 12 6 2 8 6 

of Paul Hendricks for 200 As near 

Skeepeck in full 1 4 1 16 

of Leonard Hendricks for 158 As 

near Skeepeck in full 10 6 1 10 9 

of HeruHi Gaedscalick & Wni Nash 

150 near Skeepeck in full 19 6 19 3 

of Geadskalick Geadscalick 173 As 

near Skeepeck in full 1 13 2 9 6 

of Jacob Geadskalick 123 As near 

Skeepeck in full 19 6 2 4 3 

of Gerard Schragar for 109 As near 

Skeepeck in full 5 4 8 

of Josha Fielding for 600 As at Par- 

kea wining in full 1 10 2 5 

Imo 17, 1732-3. Quitrents reed 

of Peter Tyson for 150 As near 

Skepeck 15 yrs in full 1 12 9 1 13 9 

of John Salkeld 500 As belonging to 
Thomas Cartwell on a Branch of 

Parkea wining 5 years in full 15 1 17 6 

2mo 13, 1732-3. Reed Quitrent of Harman Indehaven 

& John Nichs Kressman for 500 
acres in Telners Township 19 years 

in full " 4 15 7 2 6 

2mo 21, 1732-3. Reed Quitrent of James Robinson for 

600 As Franconia 15 yrs in full 4 10 6 15 

(To be ConHmied. ) 

Reformed Church Historical number appears an article on the Life 
Magazine. and Labors of Rev. Albertus C. Van 
With the February number the name Raalte, by Rev. Peter Moerdyke, D. D., 
of the Reformed Church Magazine is of Chicago, one of the brilliant and gifted 
amendedbytheinsertionof the word "His- younger men of the Reformed Dutch pnl- 
istorical" as above. This is done to describe P'^- Another article is by Rev. D. Van 
more accurately the purpose of the raaga- Home, D. D., formerly of Philadelphia, 
zine. Its editor is Rev. James I. Good, D. ^ut now President of Heidelberg Theolo- 
D., author of numerous works on Church S'^^^ Seminary, at Tiffin, O.,— the sub- 
History and theological subjects. Dr. Jf'ttt being Rev. Dr. Good's History of the 
Good is Dean of the School Theology of Reformed Church in Germany. Sub- 
Ursinus College. He is a most Indus- scription price of the Reformed Church 
trious worker - professor, preacher ^ ''"'*''''''''' ^^I'Y^^i"^ is One Dollar a year; 
author and edij I„ li^^FebrZ; Sdf d"']!:, '^.^8, V"' """" '' 



Our Old People. 


who resides at Spring Mount, was the 
seventh cliild of Samuel and Maria Mag- 
dalena (Grimley) Kepler; was born No- 
vember 9, 1809, in Upper Hanover town- 
ship, at Milltown ; was married, in 1826, 
to Christian Schwenk, son of George and 
Salome (Stetler) Schwenk ; they had ten 
children: Isaac; Sarah, (married Zebu- 
Ion Gearhard) deceased; Caroline, (mar- 
ried John VVensel) deceased ; Maria, 
(married William Hamer) deceased ; 
Hannah, married Edward Richard ; Le- 
vina, married Samuel Erb ; John, deceas- 
ed ; Elmira, deceased ; Oswin K.; George. 
Christian Schwenk died in January, 1865, 
aged sixty-three. 

[Mrs. Christian Schwenk died at Spring 
Mount on Saturday, January 12, 1895. 
She was buried at Pennsburg cemetery.] 


relict of Simon Frey, and daughter of 
Jacob and Anna Moyer, was born 81 
years ago, in the Great Swamp. Her 
present residence is with Mr. Frank Bauss, 
near Palm, Montgomery county. 


Henry L. Acker, State Inspector of 
Metalliferous Mines of Colorado, has fav- 
ored us with a copy of his biennial report 
to Governor Davis H. Waite, bearing date 
Leadville, Colo., December 14th, 1894. 
Mr. Acker is a native of Marlborough 
township, and was for a numl)er of years 
a resident of Norristonn. The past ten 
or fifteen years he has spent in mining 
pursuits in the great metal-producing 
State of Colorado. His report shows that 
he has devoted careful attention to the 
duties of his office, for which he is ad- 
mirably qnalified by experience. The 
law providing for the inspection of metalli- 
ferous mines has for its mainjobject the pro- 
tection of the livesof wa,ge workers in the 
hazardous occupation of mining. Inspec- 
tor Acker appointed two deputies. His con- 
duct of the office has been economical, hav- 
ing cost the State thirty-five per cent, less 
than for the corresponding period of a 
former administration. During his term, 
Mr. Acker recommended 1075 iinprove- 
menis in mines, viz : To remove explo- 

sives, 40 ; to put in more timbers, 285 ; 
better ventilation, 150 ; to make second 
exit, 105 ; to put in new ladders, 84 ; to 
divide shaft, 68 ; to repair cages, 6 ; to 
repair skips, 3 ; to repair cables, 4 ; to 
remove blacksmith shops, 80 : not to 
thaw giant powder on top of the boilers, 
20 ; overloading skips, cages or buckets 
with men, 280. In the two years fifty 
fatal and one hundred non-fatal accidents 
occurred, the causes of which were : 
Fall of rocks, explosions, suffocfition, 
falling off car, buckets and cages, caught 
by buckets and skips, insecure staging, 
falling off ladders, incompetent engineers, 
mill holes, chutes and winzes not being 
properly secure, drilling out miss- 
holes, thawing powder. Number of mines 
working, 16,794 ; mines visited, 985 ; 
miles traveled, 34,287. This formidable 
array of statistics is indicative of the im- 
portance of the position held by Mr. 
Acker, as also of the fidelity with which 
he attended to his duties. Governor 
Waite did well to entrust a son of the 
Perkiomen Region the office of Inspector. 

S. R. Fisher, landscape and business 
photographer, of Norristown, Pa., sailed 
on the Fiirst Bismarck from New York, on 
Tuesday, January 29th, for an extended 
trip to Europe and the Holy Land. He in- 
tends to make a large number of nega- 
tives, the object in view being principally 
to make lantern slides from them for lec- 
ture and illustrations. Mr. Fisher is 
an experienced artist, possessing fine 
judgment in making landscape photo- 
graphs. Much of his work was used in 
illustrating the History of Montgomery 
County (1884). 

Rev. N. B Grubb, pastor of the First 
Mennonite Church, of Philadelphia, has 
issued the Record for 1894 and the Direc- 
tory for 1895 of his congregation. It con- 
tains the names of all the members and 
oflftcers, and gives much useful information. 
The financial statements of the church 
and the several organizations within it are 
spread upon its pages. In this way 
every member becomes familiar with the 
church enterprises. Pastor Grubb is a 
faithful pastor, in love with his work. 
He has designed a new Baptismal Certifi- 



cate, especially adapted to the wants of 
the Mennonite denomination. He resides 
at 2118 Marshall street. 

Rev. David H. Shelly, of Ionia, Mich., 
recently visited Eastern Pennsylvania, 
and especially the Great Swamp, 
in quest of faQiily history. He is a 
native of Bucks county, but since early 
manhood has resided in the West. He 
made mucla progress in his genealogical 
researches, having met with a warm re- 
ception from some of the principal repre- 
sentatives of the numerous Shelly family. 

S. Rosenberger, M. D., a native of Hat- 
field township, formerly of Philadelphia, 
but now a resident of Pasadena, Cal., re- 
cently visited his friends "back East." 
Wherever he went he met with a hearty 
welcome. About the middle of January 
he started on his return to his home on 
the Pacific slope, intending, however, to 
diverge from the direct route as far as the 
city of Mexico, in order to gratify liis 
passion for travel. 

Ursinus College Association Dinner. 

A highly enjoyable function was the 
banquet of the Ursinus College Associa- 
tion of Philadelphia, at St. George's 
Hall, on Friday evening, January 25, 1895. 
It was in celebration of the third anniver- 
sary of the organization of the association, 
and of the completion of the twenty-fifth 
year of the life of the Perkiomen Valley's 
foremost educational institution. 

After the menu had been thoroughly 
discussed by the members of the associa- 
tion and their guests. Prof. James M. 
Anders, the president, inaugurated the 
speech-making in an eloquent address, 
touching the work accomplished by Ursi- 
nus in the past and the needs for its 
future welfare and growth. He alluded 
feelingly to the great services rendered 
by the late Dr. Bomberger, and the muni- 
ficent bequest by the late Robert Patter- 
son. Dr. Anders then introduced the 
speakers in appropriate and felicitous 
terms, with the fine tact of the accom- 
plished toastmaster. Prof. Henry T. 
Spangler, D. D., president of the college, 
followed upon What the Year Has 
Brought Forth. Ursinus is conducted 

upon Modern methoils as opposed to the 
Old and the Progressive. The young 
President spoke in cheering and enthu- 
siastic terms of the past year's success. 
Dr. A. H. Fetterolf drew attention to the 
presence of the lady graduates and lady 
friends, thanking them for what they 
bi-ought to the banquet and also for what 
they kept away from it The difference 
between their absence and their presence 
was tlie difference between the smoking 
car and the palace car. Instead of fumes 
they bring perfumes. He then entered 
upon a learned discussion of The Newer 
College Ideals. William H. Zeller, of 
the editorial stafi" of the Philadelphia 
Times, spoke of The Functions of the 
Press in Relation to Education. Hon. 
E. S. Snively, who enjoys the distinction 
of being the first Ursinus graduate to 
attain election to the State Legislature, in 
a Inimorous vein treated the subject We 
Are In It. F. G. Hobson, Esq., an- 
nounced the intention of the Association 
to publish a volume devoted to the 
achievements of the college and its grad- 
uates, to mark the twenty-fifth aiuiivers- 
ary ; also, the purpose of the Trustees to 
raise one hundred thousand dollars for 
the further endowment of the College. 
He supplemented the announcement with 
a powerful, magnetic appeal f(jr a liberal 
response to the call of the Trustees for 
financial aid. Thomas J. Mays, M. D., 
in speaking of Physical Culture took the 
conservative and sensible view that gym- 
nastic training is helpful to mental labor,* 
))utthat the coarser athletics — foot-ball, 
for example — should be restrained. 

The persons present were : 

Mr. Thomas. C. Atherholt, Philadelphia 

Mr. C. D. Alderfer, Phihidelplna 

Mrs. C. D. Alderfer, Philadelphia 

Jas. M. Anders, M.D., Ph.D., Philadelphia 

Professor of the Practice of Medicine and 

Clinical Medicine at the Medico-Chirurgical 


Mr. I. E. Bliem, Philadelphia 

Miss Bliem Philadelphia 

Rev. Henry A. Bomberger, Philadelphia 

Mrs. Henry A. Bomberger, Philadelphia 

Rev. F. W. Berleman, Philadelphia 

Mr. A. W. Bomberger, Norristown 

Mrs. A. W. Bomberger, Norristown 



Dr. B. N. Bethel, 
Mrs. B. N. Bethel, 
Rev. Charles H. Coon, 
Mrs. Charles H. Coon, 


Rev. Ernest R. Cassaday, Philadelphia 

Mr. Henr}' S. Dotterer, Philadelphia 

Mrs. Henry S. Dotterer, Philadelphia 

Rev. J. D. Detrich, Flourtown 

Mr. VVMlliam B. Duttera, Collegeville 

lAIiss Lillie P. Eberly, Durlach 

Mr. William P. Fenton, Collegeville 

Mrs. William P. Fenton, Collegeville 

A. H. Fetter-.lf, LL. D., Philadelphia 

President of Girard College. 

INIr. Horace G. Fetterolf, Philadelphia 

Mrs. Horace G. Fetterolf, Philadelphia 

Rev.CharlesG.Fisher,D.D., Philadelphia 

Editor of Reformed Church Messenger. 

Mr. Edwin P. Gresh, Norristown 

Mrs. Edwin P. Gresh, Norristown 

Prof. James I. Good,. D D., Reading 

Editor of Reformed Church Historical Maga- 

Miss Minerva J. Grater, Norristown 

Mr. Geori^e Hartzell, Philadelphia 

Mrs. George Hartzell, Philadelpliia 

W. F. Hiehnlen,M D.,Ph.D., Phila'da 

Professor of Obstetrics at the Medico-Chirur- 

gical College, and Surgeon-in-Chief ot the 

Samaritan Hospital. 
Mrs. W. F. Hiehnlen, Philadelphia 

Mr. F. G. Hobson, Collegeville 

Mrs. F. G. Hobson, Collegeville 

• Prof. A. J. Harhaugh, Collegeville 

, ]\Irs. A. J. Harbangh, Collegeville 

Rev. Harry E. .Jf)Mes, Collegeville 

Hon. Henry W. Kratz Norristown 

Member of the State Legislature. 
Mrs. Henry W. Kratz, Norristown 

Prof. Frank P> Kavanangh, Collegeville 
Mr. Ernest H. Longstreth, Camden, N.J. 
]\Ir. Mayne R. Longstreth, Philadel[)hia 
Thomas J. J\hiys, M. D., Philadelphia 
Rev. J. W. 3Ieminger, Lancaster 

Prof. P. C. Mensch, M. D., Collegeville 
Mrs. P. C. Mensch, Collegeville 

Mr. Henry A. Mathien, Philadelphia 

Mr. William Y. Meschter, Philadelphia 
Rev. Silas L. Messinger, Eureka 

Mr. D. Charles INInrtha, Philadelphia 

Mrs. D. Charles Murtha, Philadelphia 
Prof. M. Peters, Collegeville 

Mr. H. Herl)ert Pigott, Philadelphia 

Mrs. H. Herbert Pigott, Philadelphia 
Mr. Joseph W. Royer, Trappe 

Miss Jessie Roj'er, Trappe 

Miss Ida L. Robinson, Philadelphia 

Miss Gertrude S. Rambo, Philadelphia 
Prof. H. T. Spangler, D. D., Collegeville 

President of Ursinus College. 
]Mrs. H. T. Spangler, Collegeville 

Rev. Percy Y. Shelly, Slatington 

Rev. J. H. Sechler, D. D., Philadelphia 
Mr. Wilson Stearly, Frankford 

]Mrs. Wilson Stearly Frankford 

Mr. J. H. Stermer, Philadelphia 

Mr. Jacob A. Strassburgef, Norristown 
Mrs. Jacob A. Strassburger, Norristown 
^liss Annie C. Strassburger Allentown 
Hon. E. S. Snively, Franklin Co. 

Memoer of State Legislature. 
Miss Florence Sutliff, Philadelphia. 

Mr. Ferdinand C. Smith, Philadelphia 
Mr. Henry Varwig, Philadelphia 

Rev. Charles E. Welder, Manheim 

Rev. D. U. Wollf, Blue Bell 

Mr. William H. Zeller, 'Philadelphia 

Folk=Names of Places in the Perkio= 
men Valley. 


From the fact that Methacton is an In- 
dian name it may be inferred that this 
region was at one time inhabited by the 
Aborigines of America. 

The name is sometimes used to denote 
a pivtty large area of country, inchiding 
parts of the townships of Lower Provi- 
dence, Norriton and Worcester ; but there 
is no evidence to show that it ever em- 
braced a tract of any considerable extent 
(jf the townships named, and there is cer- 
tainly no autlKjrity for the statement that 
the Methacton range of hills extends be- 
yond the limits of Montgomery county 

into Bucks county, a distance of eight or 
ten miles. 

To those living at a distance, Methacton 
means a region com{>aratively large in 
extent, while those residing in the im- 
mediate neighborhood of this somewhat 
historic ground generally look upon it. as 
of much smaller area, having undefined 
boundaries and for its objective centre 
the Methacton Mennonite meeting-house 

That Methacton was formerly thought 
of as a locality small in area may be taken 
for granted from the fact that the 


name is never mentioned except in local 

In lleckewelder's collection of names 
which the Indians gave to rivers, streams 
and localities, with their signification, 
Methacton is not given 

In the Colonial Records and in the 
State Archives the name does not occur. 
It is frequently found, however, in local 
newspapers and prints, and in these it is 
spelled differently. 

Concerning the orthography of the 
word, I aui informed by my esteemed 
friend, Abraham H. Cassel, that in Wash- 
ington's pass to Christoplier Saur it is 
spelled Methatchey, and also INIethateh- 
en. In Abraham Krupp's iiii|irints it is 
spelled Methetciiey, and in Cliristopher 
Saur's newspaper is the German spelling, 
Madetsch, Madetsche, etc. 

In old copy books used in tlie school 
by the Methacton Mennonite meeting- 
house half a century ago, the spelling is 
invariably Methachen. The generally 
accepted way, at this time, of spelling 
the word probably is as given in the head- 
ing of this article. 

The Methacton hills are now sometimes 
called Fairview hills, which latter name 
is certainly very expressive, not only for 
the reason that they are equal in altitude 
to the highest point of the well-known 
Chestnut hills, in the southeastern section 
of the county, and also to tlmse of the 
north, those at Sumneytown and Green- 
lane, all of which can be readily seen 
from this elevation, but likewise because 
of the magnificent and extended views 
obtainable of the picturesque Perkiomen 

valley and the valley of the Schuylkill 

General Washington wisely took ad- 
vantage of the grand prospect here af- 
forded, when, in the autumn of 1777, the 
British army advanced on Philadelphia. 
The movement of that army was observ- 
ed here by the advance-guard of the 
Federal army, and in consequence of this 
observation the latter army made and 
fulfilled their plans to advantage. 

The Methacton Mennonite meeting- 
house is situated one-half a mile north of 
the village of Fairview, which village 
contains probably twenty-five dwellings. 

whicli are scattered along the German- 
town turnpike, on the most prominent 
elevation of the hills. The meeting-house 
is a one-story structure, very plain in iCfe 
architecture, and has replaced an old 
building which had been the house of 
worship of a large congregation for several 

Connected with the is a 
cemetery, in which a large number of in- 
terinents have been made, many prior to 
1812. Among the interments here is the 
body of Christopher Saur, son and suc- 
cessor of Christopher Saur, the founder 
of tlie famous Germantown newspaper. 
Christopher Saur, 2d, died August 4, 178-1; 

his wife, who is also buried here, died 
January 2, 1777. 

General Daniel Hiester. 




Daniel Hiester, son of Daniel and 
Catharine (Shuler) Hiester, was born in 
Upper Salford township, Philadelphia 
(now Montgomery) county, on the 2oth 
day of June, 1747. His father had come 
from Germany ten years before ; he mar- 
ried in Pennsylvania ; he was now estab- 
lished as a tanner and faruier, and was in 
prosperous ciicilmstancies. 

Daniel Hiester, the .son, received a good 
ediicatiou. It is not improbable that he 
was a pupil of Christopher Dock, the 
noted Mennonite schoolmaster of the Co- 
lonial period, who, we are told b}' his bi- 
ographer, the Hon. Saumel W. Piiimy- 
packer, opened two schools in 1788, one 
in Skippack and one in Salford, teaching 
at these places three days alternately, de- 
voting himself to this calling until his 
death, in 1771 But as Dock taught only 
the German language, .so far as we ar3 
advLsed, it is probable that young Hies- 
ter, after receiving a fair German educa- 
tion at home, was sent to the city of Phil- 
adelphia, only thirty-five miles distant, 
to acquire tlie Etiglish language and to 
complete his studies in one of the schools 
there. How thoroughly he mastered the 
English language is shown by liis letters 
and papers. 

The children of the eliler Daniel Hies- 


ter were six in iuiin])cr : Anna Margaret, 
wlio married Philip Hahn ; John, who 
settled in Chester county ; Daniel ; Ga- 
briel, who settled in Berks county; Wil- 
liam; Catharine, who was the wife of 
Jacob Bishop. His wife was a woman of 
refinement. He himself was a man of 
high character and marked business abil- 
ity. The children grew up under careful 
home training amid pleas^ant domestic 
surroundings. "They were taught from 
their earliest infancy," writes one of the 
descendants, "the principles of true man- 
iiood and true womaidiood by an except- 
ionally fine and wonianlj^ mother, 
Catharine Shuler Hiester. It is said 
they never gave each other angry or bit- 
ter words; always kissed and embraced 
upon meeting. They were truly affect- 
ionate without being sentimental— a 
lovely exami)le of unity an<l harmony." 

It was in 1757 that Daniel Hiester, the 
elder, built the brick mansion which 
still stands on the east side of the turn- 
pike, near Rid<re Valley creek, in Upper 
Salford township. This was the home 
from that time of this interesting family. 
The prosperity of its head in business 
and the spirit of refinement inculcated by 
the n)other in the home circle, gave the 
children as they grew up to maturity 
ready access to the best society and they 
became social leaders of the country 

Daniel Hiester, the younger, it would 
seem from subsequent events, was trained 
to be the successor to his father's business 
and to the ownership of the family home- 
stead. But when he attained his majori- 
ty, he was not disposed to assume -the 
cares and responsibilities of business. On 
the contrary he determined to enlarge 
his knowledge of men and of affairs 
by travel. When twenty-one or twenty- 
two years of age he made a journey to 
the Carolinas. He was so pleased with 
the South that he began preparations, a 
year later, to go there again, and from 
thence to extend his trip to tlie West 
Indies. "In one of these place ," he 
writes, "I had an idea to settle as I had 
taken a likeness to the Southern climates, 
and from my father's ability at that time 

to give me a capital to go into trade with 
I had prospects of doing well." 

He was then in the flush of young man- 
hood. H"e was tall in stature, graceful in 
form, handsome in feature, educated and 
refined — a charming personality. The son 
of one of the wealthiest colonists — enter- 
prising, healthy, ambitious, high-spirited 

— the future held out to him the most 
glowing promises. 

That he was welcomed to the fashion- 
able circles in Philadelphia, Reading, and 
the smaller centres in the Province, there 
can be no doubt. That his reputation 
extended beyond the bounds of his State 
we do know. 

Up to the completion of his twenty- 
third year he had not had any serious 

thoughts of contracting a marriage or of 
settling himself in business 

(To be continued.) 

Rev. Benjamin Markley Nyce, 
Pastor of the First Presbyterian church, of 
Warsaw, Indiana, represents in his name 
two prominent old families of the Perkio- 
men Valley. He was born at Cleveland, 
Ohio, December 5, 1869. When four 
years of age his father died, and six years 
later his mother died. Until sixteen 
he lived with his uncle, William M. 
Hamilton, at Clarksburg, Ind. He then 
went to prepare for college at Oberlin, O. ; 
graduated from Princeton College in 1891, 
and studied three years in McCormick 
Theological Seminary at Chicago. Early in 
February, 1894, he was offered the posi- 
tion to travel abroad as companion and tutor 
of the son of Mr. Marion Hughitt, president 
of the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad. 
The journey embraced Spain, Morocco 
and Algiers in Northern Africa, two 
months in Italy, Belgium, Holland, 
France, Germany, Norway, Sweden, 
Denmark and England. He returned 
home late in October, and in November 
accepted a call to the Warsaw Presbyte- 
rian church. He was ordained to the 
ministry at Shelbyville, Indiana, Janu- 
ary 9, 1895. He was united in marriage, 

on the 2Tth of December, 1894, to Miss 
Ursula Strong, of Shelbyville. 

The line of Mr. Nyce's descent from the 

founders of the American Nyce and 
Markley families runs thus: 



First generation, Hans Neiies, or De- 
Nyce, of the Northern Li])ertie?, ami Jan- 
neken,' his wife; second, John Nyce, 
(died in Frederick townsliip in lV43) and 
Mary, his wife; third, George Nyce, 
(horn in 1725, died December 5, 3789) 
and Mary Fuhrman, (dietl MarcJi 6, 
1821, aged eiglity-eight years,) his .wife, 
of Frederick township; fourth, George 
Nyce, {horn February 15, 1760, died De- 
cember 4, 1838,) and EHzabeth Christ- 
man, his wife, of Frederick township; 
fifth, John Nyce, (born February 26, 
1787, died at Downingtown Pa., June 14, 
1836, ) and Mary Markley( born November 
13, 1777, )hi$ wife; sixth, Benjamin Mark- 
ley Nyce, (born in New Hanover tDwn- 
ship. May 28, 1809; died at Cleveland, O., 
October 1, 1873, ) and Melissa Hamilton, 
(born in Decatur county, Ind., Februarj' 
26, 1825, died at Cleveland, O., June 17, 
1880,) his wife; seventh, Benjamin ^lark- 
ley Nyce, born December 5. 1869. 

First generation, Jacob Markley (born 
at Bonfeld, near Heilbionn, July 11, 
1701, died in Skippack, Pa., August 29, 
1784,) and Barbara Dotterer (born about 
1704, died in Skippack, July 24, 1738,) 
his wife; second, Abraham Markley, 
(born August 12, 1723, died March 20, 
1800,) and Anna Barbara Ickes, (born 
August 8, 1721, died January 27, 1808,) 
his wife; third, Benjamin ^larkley. (iMrn 
July 13, 1751, died in New Hanover 
township, July 10, 1819,) and Hannah 
Wentz, (born in Worcester tf>wnship, 
February 18, 1755, died in New Hanover 
township, May 2, 1829,) his wife; fourth, 
Mary Markley, born in New Hanover 
township, November 13, 1777; married, 
August 21, 1808, John Nyce, born in 
Frederick township, February 26, 1787. 

Anna Rosina Schultzin. 

' David Schultz, a surveyor and convey- 
ancer, a "bush lawyer," for about fifty 
miles around, resided in Upper Hanover 
township in about 1750. His residence 
was near the New Goshenhoppen Reform- 
ed church. One night, he being away 
from home, an employee of his attacked 
and killed Mrs. Schultz in cold blood. 
For many years it had been said that the 

miscreant had been a slave, of which 
Schultz had a number. In the graveyard 
nearby a stone is erected with the epitaph : 

"Anna Rosina Schultzin murdered 

June 14, A. D. 1750, Aged 29 years. 

Funeral Text, Jer. 9 : 21. Death 

came into our windows," &c. 

In the Colonial Records, volume 5, page 
488, there stands this entry : "The record 
of the conviction of John Ulric Sailor, of 
Upper Hanover, in Philadelphia county. 
Labourer, and sentence of death in con- 
sequence pronounced against him by the 
Supreme Judges at a Court of Oyer and 
Terminer held at Philadelphia for the 
county of Philadelphia, on the 22nd day 
of October last, having been certified by 
the Clerk of the Supreme Court, the same 
was read, and in regard that the crime 
was a cruel murder, committed against 
the person of his mistress, and that the 
Judges had nothing in his favor, AVed- 
nesday seven-night was appointed for his 
execution, of which the Secretary is to 
give notice to the Sheriff and the criminal, 
and prepare a warrant for it." 

I learn from this record: 1, Thattheolden 
times were not the good times they are 
supposed to have been ; 2, That it was 
not a colored man, or slave, who commit- 
ted the crime, but a German day laborer; 
and, 3, That there is nothing hidden that 
shall not be revealed. c. z. w. 

East Greenville, Pa. 


Michael Scliell, Sr., (1675-1770) be- 
queathed "the old family Bible" to his 
only daughter Mary, who married Henry 
Sell, of Upper Saucon Township, North- 
ampton Co., Pa. Do any of their descend- 
ants know if this old Biblo is still in 
existence and if it contains any family 
record ? 

Michael Reed Minnich, 
3200 Powelton Ave. Phila. 

Would like to know the ancestry of 
Veronica Maurer (1727-1815), who mar- 
ried John Schell (172-,— 1782. ) 

Also of Ann Maria Maurer, who married 
Michael Reed (1727-1806). Marriage 
occurred between 1747-1758. 

Michael Reed Minnich, 
3200 Powelton Ave., Phila. 

Vol. 1. No. 6. FEBRUARY, 1895. 

The PGrkioniGn Region, 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

P. O. Box 316, Philadelphia. 

Past and Present. 

W. H. Richardson, of Norristown, has 
written several interesting sketches based 
on incidents connected with the pictur- 
esque country in the neighborhood of 
Sumneytown. He delights to tell the 
weird stories which cling to the rocky 
fastnesses of that hilly portion of the 
Perkiomen Valley. He has a breezy 
style and an effective talent for describing 
bits of romantic scenery. Our valley is 
fortunate in having a lover — although not 
to the manor born — who appreciates its 
beauties and is competent to delineate 
them. Mr. Richardson's articles are il- 
lustrated with snap-shot photos taken by 
himself. They appeared in the Phila- 
delphia Times. 

Plans for Valley Forge Park. 

Francis M. Brooke, President, and 
Frederick D. Stone, Secretary, of the 
State Conunission, after recommending 
the acquisition of about two hundred and 
fifty acres in addition to the land already 
taken for the Park, suggest that a broad 
aveime or driveway be laid out along the 
whole outer line of the Revolutionary 
camp grounds, which would afford an op- 
portunity for the Colonial States to mark 
the camps of tlieir several troops. The 
Commission firmly believe "that with 
the lioundaries enlarged as above .suggest- 
ed, there will be neither difficulty or de- 
lay in securing the interest and effective 
attention of the States and of the Nation, 
through their several constituted authori- 
ties, to this historic spot ; that the Colon- 
ial States will permanently mark with ap- 

propriate memorials the camps of their 
several brigades, and the Nation will erect 
on the summit of Mount Joy, which is 
within the inner or second line of en- 
trenchments, a high, rugged, battlemented 
tower, surmounted with a colossal bronze 
figure of a private soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary army. Such a tower will afford 
an opportunity to see the whole camp 
ground and its surroundings and, at the 
same time, be a landmark visible in every 
direction for many miles." 

The Past Year at Ursinus College. 

At the recent banquet of the Philadel- 
phia graduates, Dr. Spangler, President 
of the College, gave greeting to the gen- 
tlemen recently elected members of the 
Board of Directors, in these terms : 

"The year has brought us an honorable 
addition to the governing body of the 
College. We have not had opportunity 
to bid formal welcome to the men who 
consented last summer to share with us 
the responsibility of legislating for Ursi- 
nus College and of directing its affairs. 
We welcome you as directors, offering 
you a wide and promising field for the 
exercise of the superior qualities which 
attracted the attention of the authorities 
of the College and enable you to bring to 
the service of the College the skill and 
experience of experts in your several 
lines. We welcome Dambly, who is a 
legislator by profession and an editor by 
practice ; Anders, who is a physician and 
a college professor ; Fetterolf, who is a 
Doctor of Laws and a college president ; 



Francis, who is a man of means, the way 
to whose bank account is a highway for 
all benevolent enterprises ; Ebhert, who 
is an alumnus and knows all about the 
ways that are dark and the tricks that 
are vain in college life ; and Helfrich, 
who is the father of a family and the pas- 
tor of many congregations, from which to 
supply students." 

President Spangler then proceeded to 
speak of the signs of progress in the life 
and work of Ursinus, and, alluding to the 
ascendancy of the modern spirit in the 
institution, said : "We prefer to speak of 
the modern spii-it of the institution, ra- 
ther than characterize it as progressive. 
The use of the word progressive is sup- 
posed to imply reflection upon the past 
and to involve a dangerous tendency to- 
ward untried effort and unproved theory. 
We might say that we aim to do our work 
in a scientific spirit, but this word is so 
nnich abused and misrepresented by the 
professed disciples of science and so thor- 
oughly tabooed by the traditionalists that 
its use exposes one to misapprehension. 
We prefer, therefore, to be known as 
modern, and to do our work in the best 
modern spirit, which is truly scientific — 
the spirit which doubts and investigates, 
which proves all things and holds fast to 
that which is good in the light of time 
and of fact, not in the light of conscious- 
ness, whether that be Christian or scien- 

Rare Bindings on Rare Boolcs. 

At a loan exhibition of rare and valu- 
able books by the Philobiblon Club, at 
the Wagner Free Institute, Pliiladelphia, 
on the evening of February 11, 1895, 
Hon. Samuel W. Pennypacker contribut- 
ed a number of rare bindings of early 
American production, among the most 
intt^resting a Schwenkfelder hymn book 
of 1760, an example of early Pennsyl- 
vania work ; a Martyr book of 1748, and 
a Gesangbuch, a specimen of binding 
practiced at German town in 1762. 

March of that year Bishop Cammerhoff 
reported to Count Zinzendorf: "Our 
school at Mount Frederic flourishes — 
forty children, the main part outsiders 
and some Indians. For its benefit we 
work the farms of Henry Antes and Wil- 
liam Frey. Brother Adolph Meyer has 
charge, with Brothers Utley S<;haaf, 
Oerter and Turners assisting. Frantz 
Blum, Gotgens, and George Kremser 
work the farms which we rented for the 
support of the school." In January 174;8, 
he writes: "We gave up the farm of Wil- 
liam and Verona Frey, and they have 
let it." 

The post-offices in Douglass township 
are : Douglass, Congo, Niantic, Gilberts- 

Mount Frederic was the name given by 
the Moravians at Bethlehem to the hill 
near the home of Henry Antes, in the 
western angle of Frederick township, 
wliere their scliool was located in 1747-48. 

At the Columbian exposition, at Chi- 
cago, in 1893, a Western stove manufact- 
uring firm exhibited an old-style wood- 
stove made at Thomas Mayburry's foun- 
dry in Hereford township. On the side 
castings were these words : 

Hereford Furnace 1767. 
Thomas Mayburry. 


In 1747 the Moravian school in Freder- 
ick township had forty pupils. In 

General Daniel Hiester. 




In the year 1770 tiie subject of marriage 
was brought to the attention of young 
Hiester in a way so direct and so flattering 
that he could not defer its consideration. 
Rosanna Hager, the daughter of Captain 
Jonathan Hager, a wealthy resident of 
that part of Maryland where Hagerstown 
now stands, was the lady deemed suitable 
to be his bride. A short time afterwards 
the marriage was consummated. 

The matter was brought about in this 
way. "I had proposals made to me," he 
stated many years afterwards, "by the late 
Mr. Hager lo be connected with his family. 
I was then young, and had not before 
that time had any serious thoughts of 



contracting a marriage. But those pro- 
posals came from a friend of my father's, 
and a gentleman of respectahiHty. They 
were advantageous and too expressive ot 
friendsliip to be treated witli neglect." 
Concerning this matrimonial alliance a 
tradition in the family runs thus: "It 
was brought about by the fathers of the 
contracting parties. Daniel Hiester, 
senior, and Jonathan Hager had been 
friends in Germany. They came to this 
country about the same time. They 
settled respectively in Pennsylvania and 
Maryland. These gentlemen, after years 
of separation, met in Philadelphia while 
there on business. Both were delighted 
to renew old acquaintance. They then 
and there expressed the desire that Dan- 
iel, Jr., should wed Rosanna. A short 
time after this Daniel rode to Maryland 
with the well-formulated design of offering 
himself to the fair Rosanna. In course 
of time they were married. Daniel 
brought his bride to dwell at the Hiester 
homestead in Upper Salford. Here they 
lived for some years in great style for 
those primitive times. Rosanna was 
wealthy, beautiful, brilliant; she was 
socially inclined, lience gay company was 
gathered about her. Sometimes she ac- 
companied her husband to Philadelphia, 
Lancaster, York and Readinar, when 
aflfaii-s of State called him to those prin- 
cipal towns." 

Jonathan Hager arrived at Philadelphia 
in the ship Harle, whose passengers quali- 
fied September 1, 1736. He was then 
twenty-two. Daniel Hiester, Sr., arrived 
a year later in the ship St. Andrew, 
whose passengers qualified September 26, 
1737. From Scharf s History of Western 
Maryland, (Philadelphia, 1882,) we 
learn that Jonathan Hager's family 
Bible is still preserved by hi.s descendant.s, 
and that in it is the family record, giving 
17-40 as the date of his marriage with 
Elizabeth Krischner, and the dates of the 
birth of their two children : Rosina, born 
April 21, 1752 ; and Jonathan, born De- 
cember 13. 1755. His wife died April 16, 
1765. He owned extensive tracts of land 
in the present Washington county, Mary- 
land. In the year 1762 he laid out a town, 

which he named Elizabeth Town, in honor 
of his wife. It was afterwards called 
Elizabeth Hager's Town, and is now 
known as Hagerstown. He was a mem- 
ber of the Maryland House of Delegates 
in 1776. The ground upon which the 
Reformed church of Hagerstown stands 
was given by Jonathan Hager. He was 
a member of the congregation and was 
greatly interested in the construction of 
the church edifice. While engaged in 
sawing timber for the church, he was 
killed by the rolling of a log, on the 6th 
of November, 1775. 



After his marriage, Daniel Hiester, Jr., 
settled upon his 'father's property in 
Upper Salford and Marlborough town- 
ships. It consisted of 153 acres,88 perches, 
having the double brick mansion and a 
tannery built upon it, in the former 
township, and lOJ adjoining, in the latter 
township. About the year 1773, the elder 
Daniel Hiester began building in Reading 
with the view of removing to that place, 
in which he had been interested as a land- 
owner from the time it was laid out. It 
was the purpose of the elder Hiester to 
convey the Salford property to his son 
Daniel as soon as the house at Reading 
was ready for occupancy. On the 19th of 
May, 1774, the transfer was made, the 
grantors being Daniel Hiester, the elder, 
and Catharine, his wife. 

It was the intention of Jonathan Hager 
to give to his daughter Rosanna and her 
husband fourteen hundred acres of land 
in the vicinity of Hagerstown, one-third 
part of the ground rents of the town, worth 
about £13 per annum, and one house and 
five lots in the town. His wish was that 
his son-in law should engage in mercan- 
tile pursuits in the city of Baltimore. The 
first time, (after the elder Daniel Hiester 
had moved to Reading,) that Daniel 
Hiester, Jr., and his wife visited her 
father at Hagerstown, Mr. Hager invited 
them both to ride over the land with 
him, but Mrs. Hiester not finding it con- 
venient, Mr. Hiester went with his 
father-in-law to see the land which was to 



be given to himself and wife. Mr. Hager 
took pains to point out the quality of the 
land which he intended to give. But he 
was not ready to make the transfer at 
that time. Ten or eleven days later he 
met with the accident which caused his 

Captain Hager did not make the con- 
veyance. His death caused a change in 
the plans for Mr. Hiester's future. The 
purpose to engage in business in Baltimore 
was abandoned. He remained upon the 
Hiester homestead in Upper Salford. 

About this time the question of deciding 
upon the place for the seat of justice of 
"Washington county was before the Mary- 
land Legislature. Daniel Hiester spent 
three months in efforts to have it fixed at 
Hagerstown. He was* successful, and he 
thereby largely enhanced the value of the 
lands of the Hager estate. 

Jonathan Hager, Jr., at first showed a 
disposition to carry out his father's inten- 
tion with regard to the gift of land and 
town lots to his sister and her husband,but 
he wavered in his purpose and postponed 
action. Meanwhile the Revolutionary 
war broke out, young Hager entered the 
army, was captured soon afterwards by the 
British and sent a prisoner to Nova Scotia, 
and was not released for several years. 
The adjustment of the matter of convey- 
ing the lands was thus delayed until the 
close of the struggle for independence, 
and then was attended with protracted 
litigation in the State of Maryland. 

For several years Daniel Hiester, Jr., 
devoted himself to the cultivation of liis 
farm, to the business of the tannery and to 
looking after the interests of the Hager 
estate in Maryland. This was a rather 
quiet life for a man of liis energy and 
ability. In the records of his neighbor- 
hood we occasionally run across his name, 
asa viewertolayoutanewroad,orareferee 
to settle some dispute between neighbors, or 
in some other way to serve the community. 
He was known throughout all Eastern 
Pennsylvania, and he was the richest and 
most influential man in Upper Salford 
and vicinity. In the list of taxables of 
the township for 1776 he is rated as the 
owner of one hundred and thirty acres of 

land, one negro, three horses and three 
cows, and his occupation is given as that 
of a tanner. 

Regarding the negro, it may be said 
the elder Daniel Hiester probably owned 
him, and transferred him with the other 
property to Daniel Hiester, son. At that 
time and for twenty years or moie later, 
negro slavery existed in Pennsylvania. 
The largest farmers and men engaged in 
manufacturing not only owned negro 
slaves, but also white men and women, 
bought from the captains of emigrant 
ships for a specified term of years to pay 
for their ocean passage. At that time, too, 
the practice of apprenticiug young people 
to learn a trade and of binding children 
to service until they reached the age of 
twenty-one was general. 

The name of the Hiester negro was 
Simon Contzler. In the Old Goshenhop- 
pen Reformed Church record of baptisms 
we find two entries concerning him : 
"Born March 7, 1774, Anna, daughter of 
Simon Contzler (Hiester's negro)," and 
"Born June 8, 1776, John Carolus, son of 
Simon, a negro, with Daniel Hiester." 

[To be continued.) 

Glenwood Hall. 


In the vicinity of Collegeville stands 
an edifice whose walls are a monument 
speaking of the generous hands that es- 
tablished them in 1851. For many years 
this was an institution well-known and 
well-patronized from far and near. There 
are many of its alumnse in the immediate 
community. Perhaps you may know 
that I refer to Pennsylvania Female Col- 
lege, known to many of its friends by tlie 
name Glenwood Hall. 

The college poet once celebrated its 
prosperity in the following lines : 

"When young Alma Mater was fresh as the mom 
Then Glenwood was noted through all the do- 
And hundreds came crowding admission to gain, 
Athirst to diink deeper tiie Pierian spring 
Whose waters the light of all knowledge can 

The lawn at Glenwood, with its arbors 
and clustering trees, was always a delight- 



fill place to spend the hours of reci'eation. 

During one of the presidential cam- 
paigns the Glenwood girls all became sud- 
denly interested in politics. They were 
not very well posted in this direction, for 
some of the boarders immediately wrote 
home to fathers or brothers for informa- 
tion. When all had ascertained the fam- 
ily sentiments on the subject the good 
qualities of our favorite candidates be- 
came the universal theme. Fierce dis- 
cussions were all the rage. Political meet- 
ings were held. There were no stern 
critics present on the occasion. The 
rector kindly allowed us to cheer and 
scream to our hearts' content. He was 
consoled, no doubt, by the thought 
of the lung power exercised and 
developed. The novelty and excitement 
of this political fever soon passed away, 
nor have any of the number since con- 
cerned themselves about politics. 

I remember hearing one of the lady 
teachers describe the excitement prevail- 
ing at Glenwood during the years 1860-61, 
when a number of girls from Southern 
States were at the institution. Many of 
them had the warmest affection for the 
Confederate cause. When the Union 
girls decorated the college on a national 
holiday the Southern girls insulted them 
by spitting on the flag. Bitter feelings 
were not only cherished but displayed. 
One girl delighted inwavinga photograph 
of Jefferson Davis and kissing it in the 
presence of the loyal girls. 

Since the institution is closed as a school 
the incidents of schoolgirl life are all of 
the past, but Glenwood's daughters have 
not forgotten her, although they have all 
scattered to other homes. W. 

OId=Time News. 


Journal of Assembly, Thursday, March 
8, 1781, A. M.: 

A petition from divers inhabitants of 
the township of New Providence, in 
Philadelphia County, was read, represent- 
ing that great waste and damage was 
done to their several estates by the army 
of the United States, in the ^ear 1777, 
for which they have received no compen- 

sation or satisfaction, and praying that 
tiieir taxes be diminished on that ac- 
count, or some other relief given to them: 
Ordered to lie on the table. 


Pennsylvania Gazette, December 28, 
17;->2 : The British Commissioners for 
Trade, represented to the House of 
Commons, in August, 1732, "That in 
the Colonies of New England, New York, 
Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pennsyl- 
vania, and the County of Somerset in 
Maryland, the People had fallen into the 
Manufacture of Woolen and Linen Cloth 
for the Use of their own Families; but 
we could not learn they had ever manu- 
factured any for sale in those Colonies, 
except in a small Indian Town in 
Pennsylvania where some Palatines hail 
then lately settled." 

Our Revolutionary Sires. 


The feeling of opposition to the British 
government at the breaking out of the 
Revolutionary war was as strong in our 
section as in any part of the colonies. The 
old Trappe inn was a centre at whicli 
public opinion was formed and patriotic 
sentiment was proclaimed. From the 
Norristown Register, February 25, 1835, 
is copied a reminiscence of that period : 
At the Trappe inn the patriots of Provi- 
dence met at the commencement of the 
Revolutionary war and determined to 
resist a power which claimed the right to 
bind the colonies in all cases whatsoever. 
Ic was there that Roger North made his 
celebrated speech to a meeting of the 
Whigs of the neighborhood, infusing and 
cherishing the spirit of liberty with which 
he was animated. He said that although 
disabled himself by age and infirmity to 
engage in the struggle for human rights, 
his sons belonged to his country in the 
day of her need and not to himself, and 
that the liberties of the Colonies must and 
should be defended. It was at the Trappe 
inn that Frederick Setzler, on that day, 
shouldered his crutch, and in the nervous 
idiom of his native German bid defiance 
to Kings and Tyrants. 


Payments for Land by Original Purchasers in the Perkiomen Country. 

{Continued from Ko. 5.) 

3mo 28, 1732-3. Reed Quitrent of Wm Tliomas for 

440 As Hill Town Bucks the ar- 
rearages in full £3 4 6 £ 4 16 9 

Imo 23, 1732-3. Michl Zigler 

reed of himself in full, viz 
English Money £13 7 

advance thereon at 
60 "^ ct 8 

21 7 

In French Crowns £2 11 8 

Advance at 20 p ct 10 4 

InGold35dwt. 10 gr. at 

OS. 6d. £9 14 9 

Ailvance - 1 13 6 

3 2 

11 8 3 

In Paper Money 48 3 


4ino 7, 1732. Jacob Schrack 

Reed of him for ye qutrt of 500 as in 
Telners (als Providence) Township 25 
years in full £0 12 6 18 9 

lino 9, 1732-3. Mich Zeigler 

reed of him Quitrent for 100 as near 

Bebber's Town 15 years in 

Engsh £0 15 12 6 

Imo 12, 1732-3. Quitrents were reed 

of Christian Allebach, for 100 As 

Parkeawining 15 years in full i 
of Tilman Kolb, for 150 As near 

Bebbers Town 18 yrs in full 
of Henry Rudd for 100 As near the 

above 15 yrs in full 
Imo 13, 1732-3. Quit rents were reed 

of Jacob Kolb for 203 as in 2 Peells 

2 yrs & 2 in full 
of Martin Kolb for 75 as in 2 

Peells in full 
of Henry Tenlinger for 82 as 5 vrs 

in full 
of Tilman Kolb more 382 as in 3 

Peells in full 
of Jacob Markley for 382 as in 

Bebbers town in full 
of Saml Moyer for 146 as near Par- 
keawining 15 yrs in full 
of Jacob Uberhalser for 180 as Dit- 
to 15 yrs in full 
of Henry Funk for 93 as Ditto 15 

yrs in full 
of Claus Uplegar for 176 as Ditto 

15 yrs in full 
of John Juleanstrem for 159 as 

Ditto 15 yrs in full 
of Christian Moyer for 170 as Ditto 

15 yrs in full 
of Henry Rosenberger for 159 as 

Ditto 15 yrs in full 
of Andrew Soats for 155 as Ditto 

15 yrs in full 
of Joseph Grafi' for 125 as near 

Parkeawining (not pd) 




1 7 
















1 15 





1 1 




1 1 




1 7 




1 6 




1 3 




1 5 




1 3 




1 3 





Imo 14, 1732-3. Reed Quitrents 

of Peter Wents for 150 as near 
Skepeck 15 yrs in full 12 6 1 13 9 

more 250 as adjoining 18 yrs in 
fall 2 5 3 7 

of Hans Moyer for 200 as Ditto 5 

yrs in full 10 15 

of Christian Stouffer 150 as Ditto 5 
yrs in full 7 6 11 3 

Imo 9, 1732-3. Michl Zeigler Dr 

for 400 acres Surved'd to him at Cowis- 

ahopin in ye. Imo 172S at £16 

^ ct £64 

for Interest for 4 yrs & 2 mo 

on that sum 18 10 

for Quitrent for 5 yrs since 

the survey £1 — 1 10 


Imo 14, 1732-3. Quitrents reed 

of Hans Mover for 228 as in Ske- 
peck 4 yrs in full 9 13 6 

of Leonard Cristler for 195 as Dit- 
to 4d. P ct 10 years in full 6 8 10 

of John Mich. Hantz for 110 as 

Ditto 10 yrs in full 3 4 5 

of John Hantz for 110 as Ditto 10 

yrs in full 3 4 5 

of Jacob Foreman for 146 as Dit- 
to 10 yrs in full 5 7 6 

of Henry Brookland for 50 as 

Ditto 10 yrs in full 18 2 6 

of Hans Hunsberger for 102 as 

Ditto 10 yrs in full 3 4 5 

of George German for 73 as Ditto 

10 yrs in full 2 6 3 9 

of Conradt Kuster for 102 as Ditto 

10 yrs in full 3 4 5 

Wm. Howk 132 as another Right 
13 yrs in full 17 15 6 

Andreas Trumpo 200 not pd 

Hans George Orehard 100 as as 
above 13 yrs in full 13 19 

of Abrahm Rife for 200 as in Par- 

keawining 15 yrs in full 1 10 2 5 

4mo 12, 1733. Henry Funk (of Parkeawining) Dr 

for 100 acres Survey'd to him on a 
branch of Parkeawining £20 

for Interest due on the same 18 
Quitrent for 14 yrs £0 14 0— 1 1 

39 1 
reed of hiin in part 23 

4mo 25, 1733. Christian Breneman 

reed Quitrent on 178 as Skepeck 12 yrs 

in full £ 1 1 1 1 11 6 

llmo 11, 1733. Thomas Roberts (of the Great Swamp) 

Reed of him further in pay for his Land 27 10 

12mo 7, 1733. Christian Moyer (of Skepeck) 

reed of him in par;J. for — as between 
the branches of Skepeck and Parkeaw- 
ining Surveyd in 1717, and for Interest 
and Quitrent on same 6 10 6 

Imo 1, 1733-4. Peter Bonn 

reed of him Quitrent for 119 as near beb- 

bers Townshp 14 yrs in full £ 16 8 15 

(To he Continued.) 



Folk Names of Places in the Perkio= 
men Valley. 


Among the "Folk-names" adopted by 
the early settlers of our country and of 
which some are retained unto the present 
day, although our civil government has 
given different names to the tracts of 
country designated by them, belongs that 
of The Great Swamp. This was applied 
to a large scope of country lying in the 
extreme north-west of Bucks county. 
The origin of the name is not known, 
but undoubtedly it was given to this part 
of the country on account of its general 
level surface, and because before it was 
cleared and cultivated water stood upon 
parts of its surface during certain seasons 
of the year. 

Formerly the territory designated as the 
Great Swamp (der Grosze Schwamm) 
embraced a much larger scope of country 
than at present, including the greater 
portion of Milford and Richland town- 
ships, with the site where the borough of 
Quakertown now exists as a centre. In 
later years, however, the name came to be 
applied to the more western portion of 
this territory only, the eastern portion, 
or tliat belonging to Richland township, 
taking the name Flatland. What is at 
present called Great Swamp lies wholly 
in Milford township, f(jrming tlie north- 
west section of that township. It is 
bounded on the east by a ridge of hills 
running along the east bank of Swamp 
creek, and on the west by a similar ridge 
of hills, while the Chestnut hills forin the 
northern and the Rock hills the southern 
boundary. The country is drained by the 
Swamp creek and its tributaries, the 
former of which affords some excellent 
milliu<; facilities, which from an early 
day have been well utilized. 

What is now called Great Swamp, al- 
thoujih of a comparatively level surface, 
is far from being a swamp in the true 
signitication of the term. It contains 
some of the most fertile soil, and some of 
the finest and best cultivated farms, in 
Eastern Pennsylvania. 

The name Great Swamp is of a verj' 

early origin. We find it in many of the 
old deeds and records made soon after 
this part of our country was settled. As 
has been the case elsewhere, the land 
here was originally owned by English 
landholders, but it soon passed into the 
hands of German immigrants whose de- 
scendants to a great part are still in pos- 
session of it. These German immigrants 
belonged almost exclusively to the Men- 
nonite, German Reformed and Lutheran 
jiersuasions. All of these at an early 
date established churches which still 
exist and are popularly known as Swamp 

How a Sketch of the Old Qoshen= 
hoppen Church Was Secured. 

In consequence of a letter sent me by 
an antiquarian friend of Norristown that 
the aforesaid building, after standing one 
hundred and fourteen years, w-ould be 
torn down within a few weeks for a larger 
edifice to take its place, and if I desired 
to make a drawing thereof should give it 
my earliest attention, I was induced to 
set out on this especial object from Willow 
Grove on the morning of March 25th, 
1858, requiring a journey of about twenty- 
three miles in a northwest direction. 1 
arrived at Salfordville at a little after 
eleven o'clock a. m. After giving direct- 
ions at the hotel how my horse should be 
cared for, I proceeded on foot to the time- 
honored church, about three-fourths of a 
mile off. On a brief inspection of the 
premises I selected as best a northeast 
view from a slight elevation at a distance 
of two hundred yards. After I had my 
drawing well begun, unexpectedly the 
children of the school were let loose for 
their noon-day spell. By renewed ef- 
forts I speedily finished my drawing, 
when I wended my way to said building 
to form the acquaintance of the teacher, 
ei'e he should renew his labors. 

I stated to him the business that had 
brought ine hither from the lower end of 
the county and that I yet desired in con- 
nection witli my sketch some additional 
information. I may here explain that I 
had set down an account of this visit.and 
it is thus after so long an interval t' I 



am now enabled to draw thereon with 
more than usual correctness, as an aid al- 
so to denote the changes that may have 
since transpired. Aaron G. Berndt, the 
teacher, I found communicative, and he 
cheerfully unlocked the door of the 
church that I might view its interior, 
which certainly presented a venerable 
and massive appearance. He pointed out 
the date therein of "1774," and stated 
that tlie dimensions of the building were 
fifty by thirty-five feet. The organ ap- 
peared in excellent preservation, having 
been placed here in 1837. In viewing 
the exterior I observed the walls had 
been plastered and whitewashed and the 
shutters, which were onlv to its first storv 

stand a few yards more to the east of the 
present site and to front south instead of 
east ; from its elevated position a fine 
view was offered of the hills along the 
Schuylkill below Norristown. 

I will now revert to the engraving that 
illustrates this, made from my aforesaid 
sketch. The central building being the 
old church witli its pointed stone founda- 
tion walls, including a portion of the 
graveyard in front. The small stone 
building on the left hand is the school- 
house mentioned, which from its appear- 
ance must have been built for some time. 
One account states that the first school- 
house was built here of logs in 1732 and 
torn down in ISOS, when the present was 


windows, painted of a red color. The Re- 
formed clergyman was Rev. Andrew 
Hoffman, and the Lutheran, Rev. Engle- 
bert Peixotto. Mr. Berndt taught in his 

school both the English and German 
branches, as the parents preferred. 

The graveyard was enclosed with a new 
and substantial wall and comprised about 
two acres, since greatly enlarged. The 
tombstones were quite numerous and 
much the larger portion contained Ger- 
man inscriptions. The earliest date ob- 
served was 1745. Scaffold poles, hewn 
timber, boards and sand were on the 
ground for the new church, which was to 

erected in its place. Another statement, 
published in 1SS2, mentions that it is the 
original building of 1732. Should this 
latter statement prove true, it would give 
increased interest to this drawing, from 
the two denominations holding- worsh4p 
therein prior to the completion of the 
church some fourteen years later. This 
however I shall leave to the antiquarians 
of that section to settle among themselves, 
and merely mention it that their attention 
be called thereto as to which is correct. 

Now when almost the long interval of 
thirty-seven years has passed away since 

I made the aforesaid drawing, it is a 



gratification to comply with uiy friend 
Henr}'^ S. Dotterer's request to have it ap- 
pear in his interesting periodical, with a 
brief account how I came to undertake, 
for that day, where a stranger, so novel an 
adventure on purpose to secure a view of 
the oldest house of worship standing with- 
in the valley of the Perkiomen, ere it 
should forever disappear, and of which it 
is supposed to be the only one extant. 
William J. Buck. 
Jenkintown, Pa., Feb., 1895. 

Epitaphs in Falkner Swamp Reform^ 
ed Churchyard. 



ruhet der Leib 

des verstorbeneu 

Ludwig Bender. 

Er wurde Kebohren den 7ten 

tag November im Jahr 


und starb den 29ten tag 

November 1810, seines 

alters 87 Jahre 3 Wo- 
chen und 1 Tag. 

Sein Leichentext war 2 Thimoth- 

um 4 Capitel vers 7 und 8 

Ich habe einen guten Kampf ge- 

kiimpfet, ich habe den Lauf vollen- 

det, ich habe Qlauben gehalten, u. s..w. 


ruhet in Gott der Leib der ver- 


Anna Margaretha Bendern 

8ie wurde gebohren den 23sten 

February 1737, und is ge- 

storben den 13ten tag April 


1st alt worden 71 Jahren 

1 Monath 2 Wochen und 6 


Ihr Leichentext ist im Buch der 

Weisheit das 5 Capitel den ICten 





Born Aug. 10. 1804, 

Died April 27, 1888. 

Age 83 yrs. 8 mo. & 

17 Days. 



Ruhet in Gott 


Er starb den 28ten 

Mertz 1794 

Seines Alters 60 Jahr 

7 Monat & 8 Tage. 

Hier ruhet 

Philipp Brand. 

Er war ein Sohn von 

Michael Brand und 

dessen Ehefrau, gebo- 

ren im Jahr 1757, ver 

ehelichte sich mif. 

Catharina ScheflFe, den 

30 October 1787, 

und starb den 

2 Januar 1835 

da er 7.s Jahre alt 


Hier ruhet 
Catharina Brand 

Ehefrau von 

Philipp Brand, 

geborne Scheffe. 

Sie war geboren im Jahr 

1761 und starb 

den 16 September 1842 

alt 82 Jahre. 


To the Memory of 

JOHN BETZ, Esquire, 

who was born 14th 
day of February A. D. 


and departed this life 

the 5th day ol March A. D. 


Aged 82 Years and 

20 days. 

Ruhet der Leichnam 
welche geboren den 4ten 
dag February 1846, und 
starb den 12 tag Novem- 
ber 17911, brachte ihre 
seld auf 50 lahr 9 Monath 
und 8 Tag. 

Hier Ruhet dem Leibe 

nach ein Christecher 

Bruder dieser Kirchen 


Joh. Dietherich Bucher. 

Geb. D. 1 Novem, 


u. Starb den 15 May 


Hier Ruhet dem Leibe 

nach eine Christeche Schwest- 

er dieser Kirchen Nahm 

Maria Sophia Bucher- 

in, Eine Gebohrne Zu- 

rien, ist Geboh. D. 26 Feb. 


u. Starb D. 25 Aug. 




Rehen Die entseelten Glieder 
Des Weilland GeWesenen 
Geb. d. 18ten maerz 1736 u. 
starb d. 12 AuQ : 17*8 
Seines Alters 52 lAHR 
4 Monat u. 25 TAG. 
von dank und Liebe be Wegt sezten die- 
sen Stein die hinder Lassene WittWe 
und 8 Lebende Kinder. 
Text OfiFenb : lOh : 14 : 13 
Seelig sind die toden die in dem herrn 
sterben Von nun an leder geist spricht 
das sie ruhen Von ihrer arbeit denn 
Ihre Werke folg ihnen nach. 


Memory of 


Died Sept 16th, 1850 

Aged 74 Yrs 4 months 

and 3 days. 


memory of 


born January 1st, 1767, 

and departed this lite 

October 17th, 1845, 

aged 78 years 9 months 

and 16 days. 


memory of 


wife of George Bucher, 

born June 22nd, 1767 

a ad departed this life 

March 24th 1839. 

aged 71 years 9 months 

and 6 days. 



Heinrich Bucher 

8ohn von 

Conrad u. Maria 


Geboren den 3 Jan'r 

1792. starb den 29 Sept. 

1876 ; alt 84 Jahre, 8 

mo. und 26 Tage. 



Anna Maria 

geborne Pegley 

Gattin von 

Heinrich Bucher. 

Geboren den 8 Sept 

1793, starb den 8 Sept 

1876, alt 83 Jahre 

Zum Andenken an 

Johannes Christman 

Geboren den 1 Juli 1783, 

starb den 6 October 1872 

alt 89 Jahre, 3 Monathe 

und 5 Tage. 

Zum Andenken 


Catharina Christman 

geborene Erb. 

Gattin von 

Johannes Christman 

geboren den 21 August 

17S8, starb den 12 Januar 

1869, alt 80 Jahr 4 Monate 

und 21 Tage. 

ruhen die Gebeine des 

Ehrw. Herrn 


treusteiszigen Lehrers der Evang. 

Reformirten Gemeinde allhier 
Er diente der Reformirten Kirche 
in diesem Bunde bey 42 Jahre. 
Er starb den 15ten January 1799, 
in eineni alter von 60 Jahre 10 
monath und 17 Tage. 
Leichen Text Heb : 13 Cap : vers 17 
Gehorehet euren Lehrern und folget 
ihnen : denn sie wachen iiber eure 
Seelen, als die da Recbenschaft da- 
fiir geben sollen ; auf dasz sie das mit Freud- 
en tbun, und nicht mit Seufzen, denn das 
ist euch nicht gut. 


ruhen die Gebeine 

von dem verstorbenen 

Georg Dengler, 

ein sohn von Jacob Dengler. 

Er wurde gebohren ioi Jahr 

unseres Herrn 1758 den 

18ten tag Juny, und starb 

den 29ten tag November im 

Jahr 1811. Ist alt worden 

53 Jahren 5 Monatheu 

und 3 Tagen. 

Hier ruhet 

Anna Maria Dengler. 

Ehefrau von Georg Dengler, 

Sie wurde Geboren den lOn Juli 

1759, zeugte im Ehestande 

5 Sohne u. 5 Tochter und starb 

den 4n Miirz 1848, alt 

88 Jahre, 7 Monate und 

23 Tage. 

Lied, Wie freu ich mich der Won- 

ne zeit. 

ruhen in Qott 
die Gebeine des gewesenen 
Jacob Dengler, 
Sohn des Jacob Dengler 
und seiner Ehefrau Cath- 
arina. Er wurde gebohren 
den 27sten December 
im Jahr 1759, und starb 
den leten April im Jahr 

Sein gantzes alter war 

64 Jahre 5 Monathe 
und 20 Tage. 

(To be Continued.) 



Traveller, Missionary and Author. 


"On the 13th of March, 1740, a son was 
born to me. I named him John. The 
Dear Saviour preserve him to eternal 

The parents of the child were Henry 
and Christiana Antes. Tlie words quoted 
were written in German in the familj' 
Bible by his pious father. 

Henry Antes lived at the mill on the 
bank of Swamp creek in Frederick town- 
ship. The place was little better than a 
wilderness. Indians still remained and 
settlers were as yet few and scattered 
through the primitive forest. The sur- 
roundings were rugged ; such influences 
as miglit be regarded favoralile for the 
new-born boy were lacking. What chance 
of his becoming useful to his fellow men 
could there be ? 

He grew from infancy into boyhood, 
strong and healthful. When he was five 
years old, by an extraordinary train of 
circumstances, it happened that a school 
was established in his father's house, 
which was continued for tive years. John 
became a pupil, and by his aptness and 
stndiousness derived much advantage 
from the opportunities thus afforded. The 
training given the inmates -of the school 
was of the heart no less than the mind. 
John inlierited from his father strong re- 
ligious inclinations. The school was un- 
der the control of the Moravians, and the 
lessons inculcated by the pious teachers 
flustered the spiritual tendencies of his 
nature. As he wandered in the deep 
forests, or gazed at night into the star- 
gemtned sky, his busy brain was profound- 
ly occupied with thoughts of the w(jrks 
of God and of His grace, and his awaken- 
ed heart was meditating on the sinfulness 
of man and the way of redemption 
through the blood of Christ. 

At the age of twelve he left his father's 
house in Frederick townsliip and went to 
Jive with the Moravian Brethren at Beth- 
lehem. At seventeen he became a cou)- 
municant member of their society. 

The young man now entered a career 
which extended over three continents. 
He left his relatives and his native land, 
and never returned. The work perform- 
ed by him during a long and active life is 

told by himself in the following extracts 


I was born on 24th March, 1740, on my 
father's farm, in Frederick township, in 
the jurisdiction of Philadelphia, in Penn- 
sylvania.* A short time before my birth 
my father, who was a member of the 
German Reformed church, and a true and 
upright believer and follower of Ciirist, 
rebuked the stationed minister of this 
district tor his unbecoming behavior, on 
which account he felt so affronted that he 
refused to baptize me. Owing to this 
cause I was not baptized until I was six 
years old. Subsequently to this time 
my father connected himself witli the 
Moravian Church in Bethlehem, Pennsyl- 
vania. The first Brother with whom I 
became acquainted was Brother Spangen- 
berg. In order to win the souls of the 
Schwenkfeldians to the Lord, who wan- 
dered from Saxony to America, iie hired 
himself as a day laborer to one of these 
people in our neighborhood, by whom he 

was obliged to thresh rye and do other 
day -labor all Winter. 

After Count Zinzendorf came to America 
in 1741, he soon became acquainted with 
my father, who was very anxious to unite 
such souls out of the different religious de- 
nominations as sought their salvation 
through Jesus Christ, through the bonds 
of brotherly love. As this was likewise 
the object of the Count, he had frequent 
communications witii the leaders of dif- 
ferent denominations, and his aim was in 
some measure attained. When he was 
about to leave, the Count requested my 
father to present his children before him. 
When this was done, and he having pro- 

*The change from Old Style to New Style ac- 
counts for the rlifference of eleven days between 
the record in the Bible and the date in the Au- 



nounced his benediction upon us all, he 
solemnly laid his hands upon my head, 
commending me to the grace of God our 
Saviour, and beseeching Him that it 
might please Him to be my protector and 
m'y guide through life. As my father 
found members belonging to the Moravian 
Church who devoted themselves to the 
Lord, he was not merely satisfied to enter 
into close communion with them, but 
moved with his whole family, myself ex- 
cepted, to Bethlehem, which place was 
founded but two years before. In our 
house where I remained there was a 
school established for about forty boys, 
and this was superintended by members 
of the congregation. I remember many 
a happy hour I passed here when a child 
when my dear Saviour was very near to 
my heart. 

In 1746 I was baptized by Brother 
Spangenberg. Never sliall I forget the 
solemn impression this holy rite not only 
made upon me at this time, but on other 
occasions also. Tiie Saviour became 
known to me in truth as the friend of 
children and promised me the grace to 
cling to Him in the simplicity of a child. 
Especially impressed am I with the cir- 
cumstance that I, in conjunction with 
some of my playmates, made a solemn 
covenant that wewould dedicate ourselves 
to Him and live alone for Him in this 
world, upon which conclusion we felt 
very happy. If anything in those days 
tended to mar the serenity of my mind it 
was the consciousness of pride and, es- 
pecially, a sense of native corruption, 
which I sometimes felt very sensibly. 

In 1750, the above mentioned school 
was removed from my father's house and 
he occupied the latter again himself with 
his family, except my eldest sister, who 
remained in Bethlehem. Now, in the ab- 
sence of my former instructors, I indeed 
obtained many opportunities to see and 
hear what was bad. But the dear 
Saviour kept His merciful hand over me 
so that these things did not make a deep 
impression on me. During the two years 
which I spent after the removal of the 
school from my father's house, I felt an 
earnest desire to live among the Bethle- 

hem congregation. At that time I could 
not assign a sufficient reason for this de- 
sire, and it was only in after years that I 
recognized in it the hand of the Lord. 
At first I was afraid to disclose this fact 
to my father. My fears were, however, 
unfounded, for when I ventured to in- 
form him of it, he cheerfully complied 
with my wishes and assisted in my de- 
parture. But my brothers, who did not 
share my desires with me, did what lay 
in their power to prevent me from carry- 
ing my resolutions into effect, whilst I 
persisted steadfastly in my purpose, and 
thus arrived at Bethlehem on the 12th 
May, 1752. I now fancied all my wishes 
were accomplished, but soon found that 
the good impressions which I received 
when a child had been gradually effaced 
from my mind. I contracted bad habits, 
partly the consequence of my own cor- 
rupt heart and partly through the bad 
example which was held up to me by 
some of my playmates. Hence, during 
the first five years of my residence there 
I did not make as good use of ray time 
as I might have done. And under a 
sense of my sinful life, I did not, as form- 
erly, so entirely yield myself up to the 
Lord. My inclination for the world and 
sin continually gained strength. How- 
ever, I constantly felt most painful re- 
proaches of conscience whenever I en- 
gaged in anything which I was con- 
vinced was contrary to the will of Jesus. 
During my father's sickness I was de- 
prived of the pleasure of seeing him once 
more, though I lived but twenty-five 
miles off. I was permitted, however, to 
attend his funeral. He was beloved and 
esteemed in the whole neighborhood on 
account of his uprightness and impartial- 
ity, by which, both as a citizen and a 
justice of the peace,he was characterized. 
As he was apprehensive that my relatives 
might use every effort to persuade me to 
forsake the Moravian Church, he especial- 
ly commended me to the care of his 
intimate friend. Bishop Spangenberg, 
with the request to assume the position of 
a father towards me. This he has done 
faithfully, and has at all times given me 
the best advice. 



From tny youth I manifested a decided 
inclination to think for myself and would 
never take anything for granted except 
what was sufficiently supported by evid- 
ence. And I had not yet experienced the 
power of the Christian religion in my 
heart. Doubts frequently were in my 
mind in respect to the truth, and I began 
to fear that all my former convictions 
might be nothing else butsheer fancy and 
deception. How profoundly I have re- 
flected upon religious subjects even from 
an early period of my life appears from 
the fact that in after years, wiien I came 
to read and hear a great deal that wise 
and learned men, esteemed to be great 
philosophers, have advanced towards the 
Christian religion,! met with little which 
had not already been the subject of per- 
sonal reflection. I was consequently in 
great danger of falling a victim to infidel- 
ity. And this would undoubtedly have 
happened if my faithful Saviour had not 
pursued me with great patience, and filled 
my mind with so great an anxiety about 
my salvation that it was impossible for 
me to find either peace or consolation for 
my troubled soul. In this state of mind 
the following words of Jesus exceedingly 
agitated me: If any man will do His will he 
shall know of the doctrine, whether it be 
of God or whether I speak of myself ; for 
I was convinced I did not possess this dis- 
position, as I did not know what method 
to adopt in order to do the will of God. 
From this time the Saviour brought about 
various events or blessed instrumentalities 
to convince me more and more of the 
sense of my corruption and of the futil- 
ity of relying upon myself, while at the 
same time the Holy Spirit earnestly ap- 
pealed to me devotedly and zealously to 
pray for the forgiveness of my sins. 
(To he Continued.) 

In the rianor of Douglass. 


The article on Falkner Swamp, which 
appeared in the September number, 
describes the land owned by the Frank- 
fort Land Company as "extending from 
the Schuylkill river about the present 

Pottstown northeastward to the present 
Pennsburg." Adjoining this tract on the 
northwest, and lying parallel with it, was 
what was known as the ]Manor of Doug- 
lass, also extending, as it would seem, 
from the Schuylkill along the ]Manataw- 
ney creek northeastward and including 
what is now Douglass township and a 
large part of Pottsgrove township. A de- 
scription and history of the tract from the 
Peuns down may be gathered from old doc- 
uments in possession of some of the present 
landowners in this section. Thus, an in- 
teresting memorandum found on the back 
of a deed in the possession of Clement 
Bechtel, residing near the village of Con- 
go, gives the unbroken line of descent 
from John Penn, Esq. 

The deed itself is dated "the twenty- 
sixth Day of December in the year of our 
Lord One thousand Seven hundred and 
Fifty four." Tlie parties thereto are: 
"William Plumstead, of the City of Phil- 
adelphia, in the Province of Pennsylvania, 
Esq., and Mary, his wife, one of the 
Daughters and Devisees of George McCall, 
late of Philadelphia, aforesaid, merchant, 
deceased, of the one part.and Conrad Bobb, 
of Harford Township, County of Berks, 
yeoman, of the other part." The deed 
conveyed "A Certain Tract or parcel of 
Land (being a part of the Manor or re- 
puted Manor of Douglass in the said coun- 
ty of Philadelpliia)," containing 152 
acres 112 perches, the greater part of 
which is now included in the farms of 
Clement Bechtel and John Bechtel. The 
consideration named in the deed was"the 
Sum of Three hundred and Ninety Pounds 
lawfull Money of Pennsylvania." The 
memorantlum above referred to is as 
follows : 


John Penn, Esq., one of the Pro- 
prietaries of Pennsilvania, by Inden- 
tures of Lease and Release, the Release 
dated the twentieth day of June, 
one thousand seven hundred and thirty- 
five, granted unto George McCall, the 
father of the within named IMary, fourteen 
thousand and Sixty Acres of Land, situate 
on the River Schuylkill, on IManatawney 
Creek, in tlie County of Philadelphia, 
with the Appurtenances in Fee. 

And tlie said George McCall by his 



last will, dated tlie twent.y lirst September 
one thousand seven hundred and thirty- 
nine (after devising divers pans of the 
said large Tract of Land unto his Sons,) 
gave and devised the Residuary part there- 
of, computed at four thousand eight hun- 
dred acres unto his Daughters Catharine, 
Ann, Mary, Margaret,Ellinor and Jane, to 
liold to them, their Heirs and Assigns 

And the said Jane dying soon after, a 
partition was since made amongst the 
surviving Daughters, of the said Residu- 
ary part, [see the Partition Deed recorded 
at Philailelphia, Book — Vol. — page — 
&c.] And the within described and 
granted Tract is part of the Purparty and 
Share allotted by such Partition Deed to 
and for the said Mary and her Heirs. 

This tract was afterwards divided into 
two equal parts and the one part granted 
to Abraham Bobb, by Bobb to Conrad 
Yaeger, by Ya§ger to John C. Bechtel, 
the grandfather of the present owner. 

In another deed, made only one year 
later than the above and now in the 
possession of Abraham L. Bechtel, Mar- 
garet McCall conveys a part of lier sl)are, 
a tract immediately adjoining tl-.e above 
tract of the Plumsteads, to Barbara Yer- 
ger. In the body of this deed is the 
following account of the division of the 
McCall property, or Douglass Manor : 

"Whereas the said George McCall, 
being in his Life Time seized in his 
Demesne as of Fee of and in a certain 
Tract of Land situate in the Said County 
commonly called or known by the name 
of the Manour of Douglas, containing 
thiirteen thousand seven hundred and 
sixty acres or tliereabouts, did make his 
Last Will and Testament in Writing 
bearing Date the twenty-first Day of 
December 1739, and having thereby de- 
vised unto his sons Certain Parts thereof, 
Did Will that the Residue, Containing by 
Estimation Four thousand Eight hundred 
acres, were the same more or less, should 
be surveyed and set apart for his Daugh- 
ters, Namely Catharine, Ann, Mary, the 
said Margaret, Eleanor and Jane, And 
the same Residuary part so to be Surveyed 
unto them. He devised unto them, his, 
the said Testator's, Daughters, to hold to 
them their Heirs and Assigns for Ever, as 
• in and by the said recited Testament, duly 
proved and Remaining in the Register 

General's oflice at Philadelphia, Relation 
being thereto had, appears, and shortly 
after making of the Testament by the 
Testator, died, so seized of the Premises 
as in the Estate aforesaid, and the part so 
Willed to be surveyed for the said Testa- 
tors Daughters was accordingly surveyed 
for them and afterwards subdivided 
aniong them the said Daughters. In 
Pursuance of an Order of the Orphans' 
Court at Philadelphia, Proceeding upon a 
Petition of all the said Testator's children 
bearing Date the Fourteenth Day of April 
in the year 1742, and the Subdivisions or 

Partitions so made were confirmed by 
the Court." 

This tract descended in unchanged 
size and shape from Barbara Yerger to 
Peter Yerger, tlien to Conrad Yaeger, 
then to Abraliam Bechtel, grandfather of 
the present owner. 

Bally, Pa. 

Old Trappe Church in 1760. 

AVe give below a list of subscribers to 
the support of Rev. Henry Melchior 
Muhlenberg, pastor of New Providence 
Lutheran congregation, in the year 1760. 
It is given as copied from the original 
German subscription paper : 

Wir unterschriebene Glieder und 
Freunde der Evangel. Gemeinde in New- 
providence versprechen piincktlich an un- 
sern H.G.H.PfarrMiihlenbergzum Salario 
oder besold wie folget zu geben mit unser 

eigenen Hand und Unterschrift den 27 
Novr 1760 

£. s. d. 

1 Valentin Scherer 15 

2 Friedrich Riser 15 

3 Ludewic Hardenstein 15 

4 Peter Mliller 10 

5 Andreas Miiller 10 

6 Tobias Bockener 5 ' 

7 Jacob Helm 4 

8 Johannes Kesler 5 

9 Johan Georg Bohlich 5 

10 Friedrich Setzler 15 

11 Jacob Hodtebach 7 6 

12 Peter Hodtebach 5 

13 Jacob Hofi'man 6 

14 Friedrich Sauer 10 

15 Erasmus Leber 6 

16 Carl Rayer 10 




s. d. 

17 Hartman Haas 

7 6 

18 Jorg Cresrnan 


19 Martin Pleakle 

7 6 

20 Simon Fengel 

7 6 

21 Wendel Jung 


22 Philip Beiyer 


23 John Schrack 1 


24 Jacob Schrack 


25 Christian Schrack 


26 Henrich Obelman 

7 6 

27 Johan Georg Cresrnan 


28 Martin Bredo ist gezogen 


29 Friederich Martini 

12 6 

30 Caspar Rawn 

7 6 

31 Wilhehn Steinauer ist gestorben 


32 Johan Henrich Voss 


33 Johannes Preisser 

7 6 

34 Johan Nicol Miiller 


35 Jacob Gnth 

1 6 

36 Conrad Sc^herer 

7 6 

37 Georg Guth 

7 6 

38 AVendel Bodaschwa 


39 Adam Bauer 


40 Georg Essig 

7 6 

41 Christian Custer 


42 Michael Barth 

7 6 

43 Jacob Peterman 

7 6 

44 Georg Essigjder alte 


45 Michael Herman 


46 Wilhelm Mohr 


47 Johannes Lutz 


48 Wilhelm Eiler 

7 6 

49 Philip Dick 


50 Nicolaus Schneider 


51 Nicolaus Custer 


52 Jost Berger 


53 Johannes Beyer 

7 6 

54 Jacob Geisler 

7 6 

55 Valentin Sehler 


56 Benedict Gerber 


57 Jacob Joachim 


58 Andreas Heiser 1 


59 Andreas Petri 


60 Jacob Knap 


61 Michael Bastian 


62 Jurg Michael Bastian Jun 


63 Georg Schwenck 

7 6 

64 Joseph Pawling 1 

65 Andreas Durr 


66 Thomas Thim 


67 Matthias Fuchs 


68 George Weicker 


69 Heinrich ivlarsteller 

70 Friedrich Croesman 

auf Matetcha 

71 John Kepner 

72 Johan Nicolaus Seidel 

73 Johannes Heilman 

bey Nord Walles 

74 Henrich Heilman 

auf Shippach 

75 Jacob Merckle 

76 Abraham Merckle 

77 Philip Merckle 

78 Adam Protzman 

79 Jacob Conard wohnet 

an der Schulkil 

80 Daniel Kruler 

wohnt bey Hopson 

81 Friedrich Berger 

82 Friedrich Steg, auf ' 

Abr. Siihlers Platz 

83 Jeremias Herpel 

wohnet bey John Nicol Seidel 

s. d. 






£37 13 

Our Old People. 


son of Christian and Christiana (Fillraan) 
Fryer, was born in New Hanover town- 
ship, March 16, 1808; married Maria 
Richtstein; they had seven children; 
Stephen, deceased; Ephrain), deceased; 

Catharine, named Oxenford; Amos; 

Charlotte, (married Milton O. Richard) 
deceased; Aaron; Mary, married Henry 
Y. Rhoads. He is a carpenter by 
trade, and a member of the Reformed 
church. He resides in Spring Mount. 


widow of the late Henry Eschbach, and 
daughter of Peter and Eve Meyer, was 
born in what is now Washington town- 
ship, Berks county, about 83 years ago. 
She lives with her daughter and son in- 
law, Mr. and Mrs. John Bleam, near 
Milford Square, Bucks county. 




David and 


Huber, is about 82 years old, and still 
hale and hearty. He was born in Mil- 
ford, Bucks county, and resides near 

Vol. 1. No. 7. MARCH, 189S. 

The PcrkioniGn Region, 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

P. O. Box 316, Philadelphia. 

Past and Present. 

General Hartranft's Interest in Local 

Many of our people who knew General 

Hartranft as a soldier and a statesman 

were not aware that lie felt much interest 

in local history and genealogy. It was 

during his two terms as Governor that the 

State issued the volumes of the Second 

Series of Pennsylvania Archives, which 

contained the list of marriages copied from 

the records of Falkner Swamp Reformed 

church, New Hanover Lutheran church, 

St. James' Episcopal church, Perkiomen, 

and churches in other parts of Pennsyl- 

At that time the original records of the 
first two congregations were at Harrisburg, 
and the Governor not only cared for the 
translation and publication of the mar- 
riages, but also caused copies of the bap- 
tisms, confirmations and deaths to be 
transcribed for his own use. 

General Hartranft paid niu(;h attention 
to gathering the facts concerning his own 
ancestry, and had a considerable corre- 
spondence in this connection. The 
Schwenkfelder Genealogy, published in 
1879, had in him a warm friend. During 
the period he held the offices of Post- 
master and Collector of the Port of Phila- 
delphia, and afterwards until his death, 
the writer frequently came iii contact with 
him, or communicated with him, on mat- 
ters pertaining to family and local history. 
He most cheerfully gave information and 
assistance in a helpful, unselfish spirit, 
and always inquired as to progress made 
in researches hi which he was directly or 

remotely concerned. He encouraged all 
workers in these lines. His fame as a 
military chieftain and a public man ex- 
tended over his native land and into 
foreign countries, and brought him many 
letters of inquiry from abroad respecting 
his family and the Schwenkfelders, of 
wliich society his ancestors were members. 
In this connection it is proper, as show- 
ing the genuine interest felt in such mat- 
ters by him, to reproduce a letter written 
by him : 

Post Office, Phila., Aug. 15, 1879. 

My Dear Dotterer : 

I visited the old Mennonite burying 
ground on Swamp creek yesterday. It is 
about two miles from Fagleysville, on the 
road to Stetler's store or Keeler's tavern. 
I there saw the tomi)stone of Michael 
Dotterer, and the thought occurred to me 
that perhaps you could tell me when it 
was established. Geo. HoUenbach's grave 
I was looking for. Did not find any stone 
marked, but saw several graves not mark- 
ed by stones containing description. He 
died in 1786, and ought to have been 
buried at the Lutheran church opposite 
Dr. Knipe's residence, but perhajjs there 
was no burying ground there at such an 
early date. The records of the church, 
so far as they can be found, do not go be- 
yond 1742. I have been informed that 
Piiilip Hahn, the original ancestor, g. g. 
father of Dr. VV. B. Hahn, now 80 years 
old, was buried at the Mennonite ground, 
wliich may indicate that it was used by 
the neighborhood until other grounds 
were ojjened for such purpose, and also 
that it was the oldest ground used in all 
that region. Was not the original Antes 
buried here ? And, if not so, where was he 
buried ? Can't you come in to see me ? 
Yours sincerely, 
J. F. Hartranft. 



Old Qoshenhoppen Church, Erected 
in 1744. 

Mr. William J. Buck deserves the 
thanks of local historians and all lovers 
of local antiquities for making a drawing 
of the first Old Qoshenhoppen church 
before it was dismantled in 1858. In our 
last number he tells in an entertaining 
way how he came to make a view of the 
building. He kindly permitted us to use 
the engraving made from his sketch of 
the ancient landmark. This house of 
worship was built in 1744, (not 1774, as 
misprinted,) and had therefore served 
the Reformed and Ltitlieran congregations 
one handred and fourteen years, when it 
was taken down to make way for a new 

Leisure Hour Poems, by Charles K. 
Meschter, of Worcester, Pa , is a volume 
of thirty pages, issued from the press of 
A. E. Dambly's Estate, Skippack Pa. Its 
author, the son of G. K. Meschter. the 
widely-known physician, is a student at 
the University of Pennsylvania. Several 
of the poems, such as Fair Worcester and 
The Maple by the Spring, touch upon 
home scenes ; and a number are devoted 
to college subjects. We extend congrat- 
ulations to the young author. 

The Patent to the Frankfort Com= 

On the 12th of November, 1686, a com- 
pany was formed by residents of the city 
of Frankfort-on-the-Main,in Germany, for 
the management of twenty-five thousand 
acres of land in the Province of Pennsyl- 
vania, which they had purchased of 
William Penn. The nauies of the mem- 
bers of the company were : Jacob Van 
de Wallen, Daniel Behagel, Johann Jacob 
Schutz, Johann Wilhelm Eberfeld, 
Francis Daniel Pastorius, Johann 
Wilhelm Petersen, Dr. Geriiard 
Van Mastricht, Dr. Thomas Van 
Willich, Johannes LeBrun, Balthazar 
Jawert and Johannes Kembler. The 
name given the organization was The 
Frankfort Company. 

On the Third day of Second month, 
1689, the Proprietary's Commissioners of 

Property confirmed to Francis Daniel Pas- 
torius, the attorney of the company, 
twenty-six hundred and seventy-five 
acres in part of the twenty-five thousand 
acres. On this land the town of German- 
town was laid out. 

Penn subsequently granted warrants 

for three hundred acres of land in the 

Liberties of the City of Philadelphia, as 

further part of the twenty-five thousand 

On the 26th day of Seventh month, 
1701, the Proprietary issued a warrant 
for twenty-two thousand and twenty-five 
acres of land in completion of the contract 
for twenty-tive thousand acres. 

The survey under the last-named war- 
rant was made on the thirteenth day of 
October, 1701. This land was located on 
the east bank of the Schuylkill, in and 
south of the present Pottstown. Owing 
to the addition of the land in a bend of 
the Schuylkill river the survey was three 
hundred and fift5'-two acres in excess of 
the stipulateil quantity. The patent is 
dated the 25th of October, 1701. 

This extensive tract plays an important 
part in the history of the upper portion of 
Montgomery county. It comprises part 
of the land upon wdiich Pottstown is 
built, part of Pottsgrove township, all of 
New Hanover township and part of Upper 
Hanover township. It is named in the 
deeds of the early times the German 
Tract, the Manatawny Tract, the Frank- 
fort Company's land and the Great Tract 

of twenty-two tliousand three hundred 
and seventy-seven acres. 

The full text of the patent follows : 
William Pexx, true and absolute pro 
prietary aud Governour in Chief of the 
province of Pensilvania and Territories 
thereunto bt'ionging. To all to whom these 
presents shall couie Sendeth Greeting : 

Whereas, by my indentures of Sale 
and release, duly executed under my 
hand and Seal, bearing date as therein 
mentioned, ami for the considerations 
therein specilied, I granted and released 
unto Jacub .Van de Wallen and Casper 
Merian, their heirs and assigns forever, 
the full quantity of Five thousand acres 
of unseparated laud in the said province, 
viz : each of them two thousand five hun- 
dred acres : and the said Casper Merian 
granted Eight hundred thirty three acres 
and one-third of an acre of his said Share 



to the said Wallen, his heirs and assigns, 
forever, antl one thousand six hundred 
sixty-six and two-thirds of an acre of his 
said share to Daniel Behagel ; And 
Whereas, by my like indentures I also 
granted and released unto the said Jacob 
Van de Wallen, his heirs and assigns, 
forever, the quantity of One thousand six 
hundred and sixty six acres and two- 
tliirds of an acre of like land in the said 
province ; And Whereas, by tny like in- 
dentures I granted and released unto 
Johann Jacob Schutz,his heirs and assigns, 
the quantity of four thousand acres of like 
land in the said province, which said land 
Catharine Schutz hereinafter mentioned 
granted to Daniel Falkner, Arnold Stork 
and George Miller, their heirs and assigns, 
forever, the said George Miller being since 
deceased; And Whereas, by my like in 
dentures I likewise granted and released 
unto Johann Wilhehu Eberfeld, his heirs 
and assigns, forever, the quantity of One 
thousand acres of like land in the said 
province, which said land the said Eber- 
feld afterwards sold to Francis Daniel Pas- 
torius, his heirs and assigns, forever ; And 
Whereas, by my like indentures I granted 
and released unto George Strauss, his 
heirs and assigns, forever, the quantity of 
Sixteen hundred sixty six acres and one- 
tiiird of an acre of Hke land, which said 
land the said Strauss granted to Joanna 
Eleanora Van Merlau, her heirs and 
assigns, forever, who afterwards inter- 
married with Johann Wilhelm Petersen ; 
And Whereas, by my like indentures I 
granted and released unto the aforesaid 
Daniel Behagel, his heirs and assigns, 
forever, the quantity of Sixteen hundred 
sixty six aci'es and two-thirds of an acre 
of like land in the said province ; And 
Whereas, by my like indentures I granted 
and released unto John Laurens, his 
heirs and assigns, forever, the quantity of 
Five thousand acres of like land in the 
said province, which said land the said 
Laurens sold to Balthazar Jawert and 
Johannes Kembler, their heirs and assigns 
respectively forever. Viz : to the said 
Jawert thirty-three hundred thirty-three 
acres and one-third of an acre, and to the 
said Kembler sixteen hundred sixty-six 
acres and two-thirds of an acre ; And 
Whereas,by my like indentures I granted 
and released unto Abraham Hasevot-t, 
his heirs and assigns, forever, the quantity 
of Five thousand acres of like land in the 
said province, which said lan<l the said 
Hasevoet sold to Dr. Gerhard Van Mast- 
richt. Dr. Thomas Van Willich and 
Johannes LeBrun, their respective iieirs 
and assigns, forever viz : to the said 
Mastricht sixteen hundred sixty-six acres 
and two-thirds of an acre, and to the said 
Willich and LeBrun each of them a like 

quantity, all which said seyeral parcels of 
land amount in the whole to Twenty-five 
Thousand acres ; 

And Whereas, the aforesaid Jacob Van 
de Wallen, Daniel Behagel, Johann Jacob 
Schutz, Johann Wilhelm Eberfeld, Fran- 
cis Daniel Pastorius, Johann Wilhelm 
Petersen, Daniel Behagel, Dr. Gerhard 
Van Mastricht, Dr. Thomas Van Willich, 
Johannes LeBrun, Balthazar Jawert and 
Johannes Kembler, being all inhabitants 
of Frankfort on the River Mayne, in the 
Empire of Germany, by a certain instru- 
ment in writing under their respective 
hands and seals bearing date the twelfth 
day of NovemberjOne Thousand Six hun- 
dred and Eighty- six, formed themselves 
into a company, and entered into certain 
articles and agreements therein contained, 
concerning the said lands and the differ- 
ent management tliereof, by the name of 
the Frankfort Company ; 

And Whereas, William Markham and 
John Goodson, two of my Commissioners 
of Property, by a Grant or patent under 
the Lesser Seal of this province, bearing 
date third day of the second month. One 
Thousand six hundred Eighty-Nine, 
(among other lands therein granted) did 
give, grant and confirm unto Francis 
Daniel Pastorius aforesaid, then Agent or 
Attorney of the said Company, the full 
quantity of twenty-six hundred seventy- 
five acres of Land in part of the aforesaid 
twenty-five thousand acres, to the use of 
the saidCompany according to their respec- 
tive rights and shares aforesaid ; that is 
to say. Five hundred thirtj'-five acres in 
right of the said Jacob Van de Wallen, 
Four hundred twenty-eight acres in right 
of the said Jacob Schutz, One hundred 
and seven acres in right of the said 
Johann Wilhelm Eberfeld, three hundred 
fifty-six acres and two-thirds of an acre 
in right of the said Daniel Behagel, One 
hundred Seventy-Eight acres and one- 
third of an acre in right of the said George 
Strauss, Five hundred thirty-five acres in 
right of the said John Laurens, and Five, 
hundred thirty-five acres, residue thereof 
in right of the said Abraham Haseroet ; 

And Whereas, the aforesaid Jacob 
Schutz, Jacob Van de Wallen, Daniel 
Behagel and Dr. Thomas Van Willich are 
since deceased, and Catharina P^lizabeth 
Schutz, widow, relict of the said Jacob 

Schutz, Van de Wallen, 

widow, relict of the said Jacob Van de 

AVallen, the 

heirs of the said Daniel Behagel, the 
said Johannes Kembler, Balthazar Jawert, 
Johaiui Wilhelm Petersen, Gerhard Van 
Mastriclit, Johann LeBrun and Maria Van 
Willich, widow, relict of the said Dr. 
Thomas Van Willich, for herself and the 
heirs of the said Dr. Willich, by their 



letters plenipotentiary or of Attorney, 
bearing date at Frankfort aforesaid the 
four-and-twentieth day of January, One 
Thousand Seven hundred, have conferred 
full power and special authority on Dan- 
iel Falkner, aforesaid, Johannes Kelpius 
and Johannes Jawert, all of the County 
of Philadelphia, in the said province, 
Gentlemen, and the survivors and survi- 
vor of them, to act, transact, do and exe- 
cute in all things and in every res])ect as 
they the said Constituents or any of them 
might or could do if personally present 
touching or concerning the said lands or 
any of them or any part thereof. 

And Whereas, at the instance and re- 
quest of the said Daniel Falkner and 
Johannes Jawert I have heretofore 
granted and consented to grant Several 
warrants for certain lands in thelvibcrties 
of the City of Philadelphia amounting in 
all to three hundred acres to the said 
Company and as further part of their 
said twenty-five thousand acres, and at 
the like instance have granted my war- 
rant, bearing date the six-and-twentieth 
day of the seventh month last past before 
the date of tliese presents, for the Survey- 
ing of Twenty-two thousand and twenty- 
five acres of land unto the said Company 
as the full residue of their Five-and-twen- 
ty thousand acres aforesaid, which said 
twenty-two thousand and twenty-five 
acres was accordingly surveyed and laid 
out the thirteenth day of this instant 
(Jctober by tlie Surveyor-General's order, 
and by him returned into my Secretary's 
office the twenty-tir&t day of the same, by 
the Name of a certain tract of Land Situ- 
ate in tlie County of Philadelphia, 

Beginning at a marked hickory 
standing at tlie mouth of a small gut or 
run about one hundred and twenty 
perches distant from Manatawney Creek, 
from thence by the several courses of the 
River Schuylkill the several distances on 
the said several courses in all amounting 
to one thousand two hundred Eighty- 
Eight perclies to a marked corner tree 
standing by the side of a rocky run falling 
into the said river, from thence by a line 
of marked trees and vacant land north- 
east three thousan<l Eight hundred and 
Sixty perches to a marked hickory, from 
thence north-west by vacant land Nine 
hundred and forty perches to a post 
standing near to a marked hickory, from 
thence West fifty degrees South by other 
of my lands four thousand three hundred 
and sixty perches to the first mentioned 
hickory, Containing twenty-two thousand 
three hundred s' v'enty-seven acres. The 
warrant, as aforesaid, ordering the said 
twenty-two tliousand and twenty-five 
acres to be laid out and a certain order 
under my hand in the said return men- 

tioned, bearing date the fourteenth day 
of this instant October, directed to the 
said Surveyor General allowing a certain 
bend in the aforesaid River Schuylkill to 
be added, supposing it to contain about 
One hundred and Eighty acres, but is 
found to add to the said twenty-two 
thousand twenty-five acres the quantity 
of three hundred lifty-two acres, which 
added together makes the said tract 
amount to the said number of twenty- 
two thousand three hundred and seventy- 
seven acres, and the said Daniel Falkner 
and Johannes Jawert, on behalf of the 
said Frankfort or German Company, 
requesting me to confirm the same( togeth- 
er with certain small Isles in the said 
river fronting the said tract' of land) to 
them by patent. Now, therefore. Know 
Ye, tiiat I have given, granted, released 
and confirmed, and by these presents for 
me, my heirs, and successors, do give, 
grant, release and confirm unto the Said 

Catherina Elizabeth Schutz, 

Van de Wallen, widow, , the 

heirs of the said Daniel Behagel, the 
said Johannes Kembler, Balthazar Jawert, 
Johann Wilhelm Petersen, Gerhard Van 
Mastricht, Johan LeBrun, Maria Van de 
Wiilich, the said Daniel Falkner, Arnold 
Stork and George Miller, their heirs and 
assigns respectively. All tliat the said 
twenty-two thousand three hundred 
seventy and seven acres of Land, as the 
same is now set forth. Bounded and 
limited as aforesaid, and be the same 
more or less, and also all the Isles afore- 
said, being ten in number, together also 
with all Mines, Minerals, Quarries, 
Meadows, Swamps, Cripples, Marshes, 
Savannas, Pocosons Woods, Underwoods, 
Timber and Trees, Ways, Waters, Water- 
courses, Liberties, Profits, Commodities, 
Hereditaments and Appurtenances What- 
soever, to the said twenty-two thousand 
three hundred seventy-seven acres of 
land, Isles antl premises, or any part 
thereof, or any of them, belonging or in 
anywise appertaining. And also all 
Fishing, Fowling, Hawking and Hunting 
in and upon the said Land, Isles and 
premises, or any part thereof or any f)f 
tliem (The largest of the said ten Isles 
and also three clear and full fifth parts of 
all Royal Mines, free from all deductions 
and reprisals for digging and refining the 
Same, only excepted, and hereby reserved 
out of this present grant and confirmation 
to me and my heirs and successors). To 
haVe and to hold the said twenty-two 
thousand three hundred and seventy- 
seven acres of Land and Isles (be the 
same or any of them more or less) and all 
and singular other the promises hereby 
granted and confirmed, or mentioned to 
be yranted and confirmed, with their and 



every of their appurtenances (Except 
before excepted) unto the said Catherina 

Elizabeth Schutz, Van de 

AVallen, widow, , the 

heirs of tiie said Daniel Behagel, the 
said Johannes Kembler, Balthazar Jawert, 
Johan Wilhehn Petersen, Gerhard Van 
Mastricht, Johannes LeBrun, Maria Van 
de Willich, Daniel Falkner, Arnold Stork 
and George Miller, their heirs and assigns 
forever, to the only use and behoof of 
them, their heirs and assigns severally 
and respectively forever, Not as joint ten- 
ants but as they are tenants in common, 
and according to their several and respec- 
tive rights, shares and purchases aforesaid, 
and according to the constitution, rules 
and regulations of tlie said Company, and 
as they, their respective heirs and assigns, 
shall from time to time hereafter agree to 
divide and share the same. To be holden 
of me, my heirs and sui^cessors, Proprie- 
taries of Pennsilvania as of our manor of 
Springetsbury in the said County of Phil- 
adelphia, in free and common soccage by 
fealty only in lieu of all other services, 
Yielding and paying therefor yearly for- 
ever hereafter to me, my heirs and suc- 
cessors, at or upon the first day of the 
first month in every year at Philadelphia 
aforesaid, one English Silver Shilling, or 
value thereof in coin current, for every 
thousand acres of the said Land, and so 
in proportion, to such person or per- 
sons as shall be appointed to receive 
the same. In Witness whereof I have 
caused these my letters to be made patents, 
Witness myself at Philadelphia the five- 
and-twentieth day of October, in the 
thirteenth year of the reign of William 
the Third of England, Scotland, France 
and Ireland, King, Defender of the 
Faith, &c., and the one-and-twentieth of 
my Government, Annoq Domini, One 
Thousand Seven hundred and One, 1701. 

Wm. Penn. 

Old Time News. 


Saur's Germantown Newspaper, March 
18, 1758 : Friedrich Ochs macht bekant, 
wan jemand ist der da weiss wo Velten 
Klein ist, ihm zu sagen, dass Christina 
Haasin gestorben ist. 

A physician's card. 
Saur's Germantown Paper, June 24, 
1758 : Reimer Land, Doctor der Medicin 
und Chirurgus, macht bekant, dass er von 
Philadelphia hinweg in Falckners- 
Schwamm gezogen ist, und wohnet in 
des Juden Moses Heyman's Hauss. 

Folk=Names of Places in the Perkio- 
men Valley. 

"die duyvels locher strosse." 


A short distance to the north of Green 
Lane a road branches off to the west 
and meanders "up hill and down dale," 
until it loses itself in Berks county, which 
is peculiar only in its name. Finger- 
boards and old and young inhabitants 
living along its sides know that highway 
as "die Duyvels Locher Strosse." For a 
full century it has born that classic name. 
It is as famous as was the old Roman 
highway, ere the fall of the ancient Em- 
pire. To find the origin of this peculiar- 
name is a task which challenges the in- 
genuity of the best-read local writers. It 
is a common tradition that a company of 
teamsters, stranded along the highway, 
declared it to be a perfect Devil's hole ; 
and that its baptism came about in that 
way. But thinking men prefer to derive 
the singular cognomen from Irving's 
Knickerbocker's History of New York. 
The Dutchmen from Holland, who sprin- 
kled the territory of New Amsterdam 
with such expressive phrases as "Spuy- 
ten Duyvel," "Hell-gate," "Die Duyvel's 
Dans-Kammer," etc., did also scatter such 
coarse words in Pennsylvania. The Hol- 
landers were great swearers, and indulged 
in such cognomens by the bushel. Until, 
therefore, we liiarn better, we will give 
the name of the "Devil's Hole" road to 
the Hollanders. The name came, and 
came to stay as long as the road is travel- 
ed over. 

Brief Notices of Colonial Families. 


Under date of February 20, 1723. Philip 
Reinhart Erharcl purchased of Henry 
Van Bebber two hundred and six acres 
of land, part of five hundred acres bought 
November 4, 1718, by Henry Van Bebber, 
which was part of the Great Tract (22377 
acres) granted to the Frankfort Company. 
On March 25, 1738, Erhard sold one hun- 
dred and three acres of this land to Mi- 
chael Bachman ; and March 20, 1739, he 
sold to Simon Smith, of New Hanover 



township, the remaining one hundred 
and three acres, which adjoined lands of 
Henry Antes, Phihp Brant, Michael Fed- 
\e.y and ^Michael Bachman. At the last 
mentioned date Erliard lived in Lancas- 
ter county. 

- The tract sold to Michael Bachman 
was afterwards the Falkner Swamp clmrch 
parsonage farm, upon which General 
John F. Hartranft was born. 


Jacob Merkle was born at Winipfen, in 
Hesse Darmstadt, July 11, 1701. His 
parents were Abraham and Veronica Mer- 
kle ; his grandparents were George and 
•Eva Merklin. He came to Pennsylvania, 
and married (first) February 13, 1722, 
Barbara Dotterer, daughter of George Phil- 
ip and Veronica Dotterer, of Frederick 
township ; he married (second) Barbara 
Rausch ; died in Skippack August 29, 
1784. Barbara Dotterer was born about 
1704 ; died in Skippack, July 24, 1738. 
Barbara Rausch was born April 14, 1714. 

The children of Jacob and Barbara 
(Dotterer) Mark ley were : 

Abraham Markley, born August 12. 
1723; married, in September 1745, Anna 
Barbara Ickes ; died March 20, ISOO. 

Philip Markley, born August 27, 1725 ; 
married, December 16, 1746, Mary 
Johnson ; died April 5, 1800. 

Markley, (a daughter) born 

on New Year's Day, 1727 ;4lied soon after. 

Isaac Markley, born May 24, 1729; 

married Sarah ; died May 19, 


Veronica Markley, born April il, 1732; 
married, April 30, 1751, George Sciiwenk ; 
died i» Frederick township, Octoijer 2, 

Rebecca Markley, born about 17.34 ; 
married Frederick Isett( other wise Isaac). 

Christina Markley, born May 27, 1736 ; 

married William Antes ; died August 21, 

Catharine Markley, born May 9, 1738 ; 
married (first) Martin Conrad ; (second) 
July 13, 1757, Christian Brennemann. 

The children of Jacob and Barbara 
(Rausch) Markley were : 

Eleanor Markley,born February 5,1741 ; 
married Tobias Boganer. 

Elizabeth Markley, married Paulus 

Mary Magdalena Markley, born Novem- 
ber 9, 1744. 

Barbara Markley, born October 6, 1746 ; 
married by license issued March 28, 1772, 
John Smith. 

Hannah Markley, born about 1752 ; 
married, January 11, 1774, Jacob Brotz- 

Jacob ]\Iarkley located in the Skippack 
region. July 17, 1728, he purchased 100 
acres of Jost Heydt, and November 28, 
1728, he bought 132 acres in Bebber's 
township of Nicholas Scull. These 
tracts were located within the limits of 
the present township of East Perkiomen. 
He and his family were members of the 
Providence (Trappe) Lutheran church. 

The discovery of the origin in Europe 
of this branch of the Markleys in America 
is due to the researches of Pastor Schu- 
mann, of Bonfeld, district of Heilbronn, 
Wiirtemberg, who made, at the instance 
of John Markley Hartman, C. E., of 
Mount Airy, Philadelphia, exhaustive 
examinations of the church records in his 
own parish and at Wimpfen in Hesse close 
by. Pastor Schumann constructed a gene- 
alogical table (Stammtafel) of the Mer- 
kle family, going back to the grandfather 
of Jacob Marklej', our subject. 


Frederick Reimer came from the Palat- 
inate, and arrived at Philadelphia in the 
ship "Thistle," whose passengers signed 
the declaration August 29, 1730. Janu- 
ary 22, 1731, he bought of Henry Penne- 
backer and F,ve, his wife, one hundred 
acres of land in Frederick township, part 
of six hundred and twenty-two acres pat- 
ented to Pennebacker September 1, 1727 
INIarch 29, 1735, he was naturalized by 
act of Assembly. August 6, 1736, he pur- 
chased of Joseph Groff and Barbara, his 
wife, 41 acres, IO62 perches, originally 
par of the Pennebacker tract of 622 
acres. He was an elder of Falkner Swamp 
Reformed church, and in 1742 signed the 
paper in opposition to the Zinzendorf 
movement. This paper is published with 
John Philip Boehm's Letter of Warning, 
issued the same year. On the 17tli of 



March, 1747, Frederick Reimer and wife 
were sponsors for Elizabeth, wife of Doc- 
tor John Miller, of Frederick township, 
on the occasion of the baptism of Dr. 
Miller's family by Rev. Michael Schlatter. 
October 24, 1754, he was one of the mem 
hers of the Falkner Swamp Reformed 
congregation who petitioned the Penn- 
sylvania trustees for the estal)lishment of 
a school at New Hanover under the aus- 
pices of the London Society for the in- 
troduction of the English language and 
the spread of the Gospel. 

Frederick Reimer made his will May 9, 
1755, in which he named Elizabeth Rei- 
mer, his wife, and John Peter Reimer, 
his son, as executors. The signing of the 
will was witnessed by Henry Antes and 
John Philip Leydich, by whom it was 
proven February 11, 1758. 

The two tracts of land owned by the 
testator passed into the hands of his son, 
John Reimer, April 27, 1758, when their 
bounds were given as follows : 

Beginning at a corner of Joseph Groff's 
land, thence by vacant lot southeast 66 
perches to a corner of Hans George 
Swinehard's land, thence by same south- 
west 2422 perches to a post in line of John 
Jacob flout' s land, thence by same north- 
west 66 perches to a post at a corner of 
Joseph Groff's land, thence by same north- 
east 2424 perches to place of beginning, 
containing 100 acres. 

Beginning at a post in a line of John 
Sieber's land, thence southeast by vacant 
land 27.2 perches to a corner of George 
Peter Harp's land, thence by same south- 
west 242-2 perches to a post in a line of 
John Jacob ffout's land, thence by the 
same northwest 27J perches to a post, 
thence by said Sieber's land northeast 
242.2 perches to place of beginning, con- 
taining 41 acres, 106 J perches. 

The children of Frederick and Eliza- 
beth Reimer were : 

Elizalteth Reimer, eldest daughter, mar- 
ried Francis Shunk, of Providence town- 
ship. In the Falkner Swamp Reformed 
church record is this entry, which prob- 
ably refers to Elizabeth Reimer : "Buried 
March 18, 1802, atTrapp, Widow Schunk, 
aged 85 years, 3 months." Elizabeth 

Reimer was the grandmother of Gover- 
nor Francis R. Shunk. 

Salome Reimer, born April 15, 1719 ; 
married John Herger ; died November 
24, 1800 ; buried at Leidig's graveyard. 
John Herger was the son of Gottlieb and 
Catharine Herger, of Frederick township. 
John Herger was born in America ("in 
diesem Abendlande") May 2, 1721 ; died 
December 5, 1795 ; buried at Leidig's 
graveyard. John and Salome Herger 
had one child, Maria Salome Herger, born 
November 28, 1745 ; married, December 
22, 1767, George Michael Kuntz ; died 
December 4, 1832 ; buried at Leidig's 

John Peter Reimer, who married, No- 
vember 28, 1752, Rachel Zieber, diiughter 
of John and Margaret Zieber, of Freder- 
ick township. 

Susanna Reimer, married Christopher 
Wise, of Alsace, Berks county. 

Barbara Reimer, married Tobias Hep- 
ler, of Frederick township. 

Anna Margaret (otherwise Mary) Rei- 
mer, married Jacob Kline, innkeeper 
(1769), of Providence township. 

Catharine Reimer, married Julius Ker- 
per, of Cresheim. 

John Reimer, born November 23, 1734; 
married, January 23, 1760, Maria Catha- 
rine Kuntz, daughter of George Michael 
and Eva Kuntz ; confirmed a member of 
Falkner Swamp Reformed church at Eas- 
ter, 1749 ; died January 18, 1822, aged 
eighty-seven years, one month, twenty- 
five days ; buried at Leidig's graveyard. 
Ludwig Reimer, born February 15, 
1736 ; married, September 11, 1763, Su- 
sanna Knntz, daughter of George Michael 
and Eva Kuntz ; died September 10,1818, 
aged eighty-two years, six months, twen- 
ty-five days ; buried at Leidig's grave- 
yard. He was confirmed a member of 
Falkner Swamp Reformed church at 
Whitsuntide, 1753. 

Elizabeth Reimer, youngest daughter, 
was confirmed a member of Falkner 
Swamp Reformed church at Easter, 1753, 
aged fifteen years ; married Solomon 
Grimley, of Perkiomen and Skippack 
township ; died in April, 1821, aged 
eighty-four years. 



Payments for 

Irao 12, 1733-4. 

Imo 12, 1733^. 
Imo 13, 1733-4. 
12mo 20, 1733. 
Imo 18, 1733-4. 

Land by Original Purchasers in the Perkiomen Country. 

{Continued from No. 6.) 

Henry Pastor ius 

reed of him Quitrent for 500 as Fran- 

conia 20 yrs in full £ 10 £ 15 

Andrew Keyser 

reed of him Quitrent for 400 as Fran- 

eonia 20 vrs in full £ 8 4 12 6 

Imo 16, 1733-4. 
2rao 6, 1733-4. 
2mo 6, 1733-4. 
2mo 9, 1733-4. 

3mo 11, 1733-4. 
3mo 18, 1733-4. 
3mo 11, 1734. 

3mo 16, 1734. 

3mo 18, 1734. 
6mo 10, 1734. 

Jacob Cough & Co 

reed Quitrent for 500 as Skepeck 1 yr 
in full £ 1 

Andreas Bussert 

reed of him in part for 100 acres grant- 
ed him near Coalbrookdale for £15 10 

Richd Jones, of Parkeawming 

reed of him in full for 23 as found with- 
in his lines more than agreed for £ 5 15 
Ball of his aceot in Ledger B 6 6 6 
Interest upon a settlement now 

made 43 7 

John Bull 

reed of him Quitrent for 150 as near 
Skepeck 14 yrs in full £ 1 1 

John Lefeber 

reed of him Quitrent for 500 as Warces- 
ter 15 yrs in full £ 3 15 

Robt Jones 

reed of him Quitrent for 50 as Warces- 
ter 16 yrs in full £ 8 

Quitrents reed 
of Jacob Engle for 168 as Warces- 

ter, 14 yrs in full £ 1 3 6 

of Stephen Slyger 200 as Ditto 7 

yrs in full 14 

of Jacob Metts and John George 

Sharp 150 as Ditto 11* yrs in full 17 3 
of Christian Bowman 100 as Ditto 

in yrs in full 11 6 

Gerret Clements 

reed of him Quitrent 690 as Parkeaw- 
ming 16 yrs in full £ 5 10 

Richd Jones 

reed of him Quitrent 203 as Parkeaw- 
ning 16 yrs £ 1 12 6 

Garret Clements 

reed of him in full for 102 acres found 
in his Tract upon a resurvey & now eon- 
firm' d 
Quitrent for 690 as 16 yrs £ 5 10 6 

Jacob Funk 

Reed of him in full for 141 acres Grant- 
ed to him on new Terms on the branches 
of Parkeawming Creek 

Jacob Lundis 

received of Andreas Schultz on his ac- 
count in full 

John Isaac Klein 

reed of him Quitrent 100 as Skepeck 16| 
yrs in full £ 16 6 


7 15 

55 8 6 

1 11 6 

5 12 6 


1 15 3 
1 1 

1 5 10* 
17 9 

8 5 9 

2 8 9 

25 10 

21 17 

11 8 

14 9 



6mo 15, 1734. 
7mo 25, 1734. 
7mo 28, 1734. 
8br 16, 1734. 
xbr 16, 1734. 
4rao 8, 1734. 

6mo 9, 1734. 

6mo 10, 1734. 

6ino 15, 1734. 

Hans Reiff 

rc'cd of l)im Quitrent 270 as Skepeck 16 
yrs in full £ 2 3 3 

John Ledrah 

reed of him Quitrent for 150 as Skepeck 
16 yrs in full £ 1 4 

Gabriel Shouler 

reed of him Quitrent for 100 as Skepeck 
16 yrs in full £ 16 

Christian Moyer 

reed of him Quitrent 105 as Skepeck 17 
yrs in full £ 1 5 6 

Joshua Richards 

reed of him Quitrent for 250 as 



great Swamp 18 yr in 
Hans Rife (of Skepeck) 

Reed of John Clymer for him 
in part 

for Balance of his Accot £31 

for Interest due on sd Sum 31 
for 49 acres now Granted and 
Confirmed to him 14 14 



£78 3 8 

Gabriel Shouler 

reed of him in full for 181 as granted to 
him near Skepeck on the late terms 
(viz) £15 10 p ct & J p acre quitrent 

John Isaac Klein 

reed of him in full for 32 as adjoining 
on his other Land at Skepeck now grant- 
ed at 6s p acre 

John Edwards of the Great Swamp 
Reed of him in part 

for 250 acres Surveyd to John Moore in 
ye year 1718 at £ — pet who assign'd 
his Right in the same unto the said John 
Edwards £33 6 8 

for Interest due on said Sum 44 12 1 

reed of himself in full for 215 as sur- 
veyd to him near Parkeawning Creek 
in ye County of Philada at £15 10 ^ ct 
& an half penny sterling p acre quitrent 

( To be Contintied.) 

3 4 10 

1 16 

1 4 

1 18 3 

3 7 6 

17 10 



9 12 


£77 18 9 

6mo 15, 1734. 

Hans Reiff 

reed of him in full 

18 2 


7mo 25, 1734. 

Andreas Bussert 

reed of him in full 

7 15 

8rao 16, 1734. 

Christian Moyer 

reed of him in full 

61 11 


xbr 20, 1734. 

John Isaac Klein 

Reed of himself in full for 134 as Sur- 
veyd to him on a Branch of Parkeaw- 
ming on new Terms 

20 15 


llmo 28, 1734-5. 

Hans Bower 

reed of him in part 

for 201 as & A surveyd to him at New 

Cowessahopin on the new Terms £31 4 7 

15 10 

12mo 12, 1734-5. 

George Cowkill 

33 6 6 



Our Revolutionary Sires. 


Another Revolutionary patriot gone. 
Died at his residence in Upper Salford 
township, Montgomery county, on the 
24th inst., Henry Shotz, in the 83d year 
of his age. — Norristown Register, Decem- 
ber 31, 1834. 


Henry Frey, eldest son of AVilliam 
Frey, of Frederick township, was, in Oc- 
tober, 1747, at (jrnadenhiitten, the Mora- 
vian village, learning the Iroquois lan- 

Rev. Henry S. Bower, Harleysville, is 
collecting information for a genealogical 
record of the Bower and Stauflfer families. 

Hon. Samuel W. Pennypacker, LL. D., 
will make an address, at the invitation 
of the Historical Society of Montgomery 
county, on Friday evening, March 29, in 
the Court House, Norristown, Pa. His 
pubject is Local History. 

General Daniel Hiester. 





The stormy period in which theopposi. 
tion to the tyrrany of the British govern- 
ment began to take definite form, found 
-the people of the Perkiomen region in 
comparatively prosperous circumstances. 
The men of means and influence through- 
out the country were the sons and grand- 
sons of the pioneers. The poverty and 
struggles encountered by the immigrants 
in the earlier years of the Province had 
given way to the enjojmient of the sub- 
stantial rewards of industry directed to 
the tillage of fertile farms. The people 
now lived in comfortable houses,surround- 
ed by orchards and fields. Roads were 
laid out, leading to the city of Philadel- 
phia and to the important points inland. 
Mills and schools were within easy reach. 

Note. — Miss Amelia Armstrong, of Blooms- 
burg, Pa., and Mr. Samuel P. Hiester, of Phila- 
delphia, have furnished valuable information 
and interesting papers used in the preparntion 
of this article. The assistance of these friends, 
both descendants of Daniel Hiester, the immi- 
grant, is gratefully acknowledged. 

Churches of almost every faith were 
established over all this section. The 
laws, mildly administered, ensured safety 
to the inhabitants. 

The freedom the early colonists sought 
was now and here enjoyed, in matters civil 
and religious, in a degree certainly never 
hoped for a century before. No wars had 
seriously disturbed this valley since the 
white man first came to it. Burdensome 
taxes were unknown. The manner of 
life of the people was simple. Their 
wants were few, and these were nearly all 
supplied by themselves. We cannot see 
that anything in the condition of the 
rural populace of Pennsylvania called for 
resistance to the aggressions of the parent 
government. The grievances of the colo- 
nies consisted largely of burdens laid upon 
the mercantile and commercial interests 
centred in the seaboard cities, and upon 
the meagre manufacturing undertakings 
struggling for a foothold. The farming 
interest was affected but indirectly. 

Our population was composed of many 
denominations professing the Christian 
religion. At the opening of the war this 
peculiar condition of things became ap- 
parent : the people were divided into two 
classes — the arms-bearing and the non- 
resistant. The latter class consisted of 
those who had religious scruples against 
engaging in warfare ; it comprised the 
Quakers, Mennonites, Dunkers and 
Schwenkfelders. The Quakers were few 
in the valley, but a number lived about 
the mouth of the Perkiomen,and others in 
Milford and Richland townships, where 
they wei-e the first settlers. The Men- 
nonites were most numerous in Skippack 
and Perkiomen township and at the Great 
Swamp. The Dunkers were largely locat- 
ed in Franconia and Lower Salford town- 
ships. The Schwenkfelders lived princi- 
pally inWorcester,Towamencin and Upper 
Hanover townships. The churches in this 
section whose doctrines did not forbid 
military service were the Lutheran and 
German Reformed, which had congrega- 
tions at all points, and who composed, 
probably, the majority of the entire 
population ; the Episcopalian, who had a 
congregation at Evansburg ; the Roman 



Catholic, whose church was in Hereford 
township, and possibly one or two others. 

In November, 1775, the leading men 
in the Mennonite society, joined by 
some of the German Baptists (Dun isers) 
presented a paper to the Assembly, in 
which they declared that "we are not at 
liberty in conscience to take up arms to 
conquer our enemies, but rather to pray 
to God, who has the power in Heaven 
and earth, for us and them," and further, 
"we have dedieate<l ourselves to serve ail 
men in everything that can be helpful to 
the preservation of men's lives, but we 
find no freedom in giving, or doing, or 
assisting in any thing by which men's 
lives are destroyed or hurt. We beg the 
patience of all those who believe we err 
in this point." The constitution of the 
Schwenkfelder church provides : "No 
member of this church is allowed to take 
up the sword in order to engage in war ; 
for we believe that for Christians there is 
only appointed the sword of the Spirit, 
which is the Word of God ; and hence, 
according to the testimony of our con- 
science, we cannot transgress the authen- 
tic command of God which is contained 
in the Sixth Command, 'Tiiou shalt not 
kill.' " 

When the war began, the enthusiasm 
for the colonial cause extended to all 
classes, except those averse from religious 
conviction to war. In every community 
the men of wealth and influence declared 
fearlessly for independence. Public sen- 
timent was rapidly crystallized in favor 
of resistance to the British government. 
It is wonderful in view of the circum- 
stances stated, how effectively the 
leaders educated the masses to the high 
duty of embracing and sustaining the 
cause of the colonies. All through the 
long years of the war these men — leaders 
and followers — remained steadfast. The 
Perkiomen valley, rich in farm products, 
and near the city of Philadelphia, which 
was occupied by turns by Continental and 
British armies, was overrun and devastat- 
ed by the forces of both friend and foe ; 
yet we do not read that there was any 
defection here at any time during the 
continuance of the conflict. 

At the Provincial convention held at 
Philadelphia, January 23 to 28, 1775, 
were pi'esent from the Perkiomen valley, 
John Bull, Esq., Benjamin Jacobs, Esq., 
and Melehior Waggoner. At the Provin- 
cial conference held at Carpenters' Hall, 
on Tuesday, June 18, 1776, were Col. 
John Bull, Col. Frederick Antes and Mr. 
Matthew Brooke. June 3, 1776, the Con- 
tinental Congress resolved that 6000 

militia be raised in Pennsylvania for es- 
tablishing a flying camp. 

Among the companies sent to the 
Flying Camp was that of Captain Mat- 
thias Scheiffie, of Sumneytown, whose 
men were from Marlborough and Upper 
Salford townships. September 10, 1776, 
this company was encamped at Amboy, 
New Jersey, near New York city. At the 
same time, Captain Peter Lower, whose 
company was from Upper Hanover town- 
ship, was in camp in New York. 

In the spring of 1776, a Rifle regiment 
under command of Colonel Samuel Miles 
was recruited in Pennsylvania. It was 
composed of selected young men from 
various parts of the province. Sumney- 
town, near the home of Daniel Hies- 
ter, was visited by one of the young 
recruiting officers. Among Mr. Hiester's 
papers still in existence is an account of 
this incident, the substance of which 


Soon after the death of his father, in 
November, 1775, Jonathan Hager, Jr., 
went with his brother-in-law and sister to 
their home in Upper Salford, and remain- 
ed with them until the next spring. 
Young Hager was enamored of the glare 
and glory of a military life and was 
desirous of enlisting in the army. At 
Reading he was on the point of enlisting 
in the spring of 1776, but was prevented 
by his friends. In or about April, 1776, 
a recruiting party came to the little vil- 
lage (Sumneytown) close by Mr. Hiester's 
home. "I happened to be there," Mr. 
Hiester states, "and hearing the drum 
beating, Mr. Hager came there also. He 
did not go there with me. On seeing 
Mr. Hager, Lieutenant Wirt, the oflicer, 
made much of a small acquaintance he 



had with him at Philadelphia. He 
told him that he was enlisting riflemen 
and asked him, had he a good rifle. Mr. 
Hager said he had. When we were about 
going home, the officer took occasion to 
say again he would come over in the 
morning to see his fine rifle. Civility 
then compelled me to ask hiiB to come 
and breakfast with me, as indeed I think 
I should have done at any rate, for Mr. 
Hager had not then enlisted, or signed 
his enlistment in ray presence. Lieuten- 
ant Wirt did breakfast with us. Imme- 
diately after breakfast he said he was on 
business and must be excused. We both 
seeing him to the door, he asked Mr. 
Hager, would he step over with him a 
little to the town. Hager said he would. 
Fearing a design, I made mention of 
something why I wished he would soon 
come home again. He promised he would. 
However, he went from there with the 
party that day. Either that day or early 
next morning I was informed he had en- 
listed ; when I immediately followed 
them, and about eighteen miles off over- 
took them at a vendue. I reproached the 
ofiicer for behaving to me in a manner so 
different from what I had reason to expect, 
in enlisting Mr. Hager, who he knew 
could not serve in that capacity ; upon 
which I received the insults of both officer 
and recruits, and with difficulty could 
get from them unhurt." 

From here Mr. Hiester went to Reading, 
where he was informed the Captain of 
Lieutenant Wirt's company was. He 
also despatched an express to Justice 
Douglass, ia Berks county, before whom 
he understood the recruits were to be 
taken, sent a letter to the Justice, begging 
him not to qualify young Hager, and 
mentioning reasons. However he was 
qualified. Mr. Hiester, not finding the 
Captain at Reading, went to Philadelphia, 
and found the Captain there, but gt)t no 
satisfaction. He then went to the Colonel 
(Colonel Miles), who said he was sensible 
that it was not suitable for Mr. Hager to 
serve as a private soldier. Col. Miles could 
not discharge Hager, but gave a furlough 
for hun for six weeks, and assured Mr. 
Hiester that he should not be called to 

tlie regiment, and that as soon as it was 
full he would discharge him, adding, with 
a smile, it was not a bad recruiting word 
to have it to .say that they had a man of 
fortune in the ranks. During the furlough 
Mr. Hiester and Mr. Hager went to Eliza- 
beth ( Hagerstown ) , remained a short 
time and then returned to Upper Salford, 
where young Hager remained unmolested 
and uncalled for until the middle of July 
following, when they went in a chair to 
Philadelphia. Here Hager fell in with 
friends of Captain Farmer's company, 
(in which young Hager had enlisted,) 
which had previously marched to Amboy, 
being of Colonel Miles' Rifle regiment. 
Mr. Hager followed and joined his com- 
pany at or near Amboy, marched with 
the regiment to Long Island, engaged in 
the battle, was taken prisoner and soon 
after carried to Halifax. 


LTpon the reorganization of the Phila- 
delphia County .militia, in 1777, Daniel 
Hiester, Jr., was appointed colonel of the 
Fourth Battalion, comprising the town- 
ships of Upper Salford, Lower Salford, 
Franconia, Towamencin, Hatfield and 
Perkiomen and Skippack. His battalion 
was officered in 1777 as follows : 

Daniel Hiester, Jr., Esq., 
Commission dated May 6, 1777. 
Lieutenant Colonel, 
Jacob Reed, Esq., 
Commission dated May 6, 1777. 
Jacob Markley, Esq., 
Commission dated May 6, 1777. 
1st Co. — Captain, William Tennis. 
2d Co. — Captain, John Cope, commission- 
ed May 12, 1777, 
First Lieut., Conrad Si pie, com- 
missioned May 12, 1777, 
Second Lieut., Thomas Syner, 

commissioned May 12, 1777. 
Ensign, John Gerhart. 
3d Co. — Captain, Philip Gable. 
4th Co. — Captain, William Bull, commis- 
sioned May 12, 1777, 
First Lieut., James Bean, com- 



missioned May 12, 1777, 
SecondLieut. ,BenjaminPawling, 
commissioned May 12, 1777. 
5th Co. — Isaac Sahler. 
6 h Co. — Benjamin Weaver. 
7th Co. — Peter Schreiner. 
8th Co. — Andrew Morgan. 

The militia was divided into eight 
classes. During the year 1777 the entire 
eight classes were called out for duty in 
the field. On the 1 1th of September, the 
day of the battle of Brandywine and the 
defeat of the Colonial army, Col. Hiester's 
battalion, with others, was ordered to 
Swedes' Ford, at the lower end of Norris- 
town. We copy from the records : 

In the Supreme Executive Council, 
Philadelphia, Thursday, September 11, 
1777, it was ordered that Colo. Heister, 
Colo. Corsey, Colo. Antes and Colo.Dean's 
respective Battalions,do immediately ren- 
dezvous at the Sweed's Ford, and that 
Colo. Moore, Colo. McVeaugli rendezvous 
at the Falls of Schuylkill, and Colo. War- 
ner's at Derby ; also ordered, "That the 
issuing Commissary supply Provisions to 
the Militia at Sweed's Ford, Schuylkill 
Falls & Derby, as the enemy is near at 
hand & this minute engaging our Army 
under the Command of his Excell'y Gen'l 

(To be Contintied.) 

Lorentz Jacoby, Powder=maker. 

The general impression until recently 
has been that the powder-making indus- 
try of Sumneytown, was begun by Lorentz 
Jacoby, a native of Germany. According 
to recent writers, however, a man named 
Fitzinger first worked in powder here — 
damaged powder belonging to the Amer- 
ican army — about the year 1777. In the 
History of Montgomery County (1884) 
it is stated tliat Jacob Dast erected the 
first powder-mill about 1780. In the 
record of the Jacoby family the state- 
ment is made that George Laurence Ja- 
coby, commonly known by the name 
Lorentz Jacoby, established the business 
in 1780. It may be that Dast built the 
mill for Jacoby. However this may be, 
Lorentz Jacoby carried on the business 
successfully, developed it to large pro- 

portions, and distributed the product of 
his mills near and far over the country, 
gaining for it a widespread reputation. 

George Laurence (Lorentz) Jacoby was 
born in Germany January 5, 1756 ; came 
to America and established the business 
of making gunpowder near Sumneytown, 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, in 
1780 ; married (first), November 9, 1784, 
Margaret Buck, daughter of Peter Buck ; 
married (second), in 1806, Sarah Weiden- 
moyer ; died April 8, 1826 ; is buried at 
Old Goshenhoppen burial ground. At 
the time of his death he resided in the 
first stone house noriherly of the Sum- 
neytown atademy. Margaret Buck was 
born nsar Sumneytown April 19, 1764 ; 
died in Sumneytown Sejjtember 5, 1804. 
Sarah Weidenmoyer was born August 23, 
1785, and died January 15, 1867. 

The following information apparently 
refers to the father of Margaret Buck : 
George Peter Buck arrived at Philadel- 
phia in the ship Barclay, from Rotter- 
dam, September 14, 1754. Peter Buck, 
blacksmith, of Norrington township, 
purchased, April 9, 1773, of Jacob Seller, 
of Upper Dublin, eight acres thirty-five 
perches (supposed to be located in Gwy- 
nedd) ; April 24, 1775, himself and wife, 
Mary Magdalena, sold the same to George 
Hartman for £135. In the assessment 
for 1776 Peter Buck is taxed for fifty 
acres, one horse and two cattle. 

The children of George Laurence and 
Margaret ( Buck ) Jacoby were : 

Henry Jacoby, born 1786 ; died a child. 

Jacob Jacoby, born August 14, 1788 ; 
died August 24, 1793. 

George Jacoby, born September 13, 
1794 ; died December 10, 1822. No chil- 

Daniel Jacoby, born September 21,1796. 

George Laurence Jacoby had no chil- 
dren by his second wife. 

Daniel Jacoby, son of George Laurence 
and Margaret (Buck) Jacoby, was born 
September 21, 1796, at the first mill, on 
the Swamp creek, above Sumneytown. 
His parents soon thereafter moved into 
Sumneytown. He married. May 10,1817, 
Hannah Schall ; he died at Sumneytown 
April 26, 1868. Hannah Schall, daugh- 



ter of George and Catharine (Eister) 

Schall, was born at Oley, Berks county, 

March 23, 1797, and died at Sumneytown 
December 9, 1864. 

The children of Daniel and Hannah 
(Schall) Jacoby were: 

Nathaniel Jacoby, born February 4, 
1818 ; died March 14, 1889. 

John F. Jacoby, born June 9, 1819 ; 
died May 31, 1890. 

Catharine Jacoby, born February 10, 
1821 ; died July 1, 1822. 

Angelina Jacoby, born April 7, 1823 ; 

died December 8, 1823. 

George Laurence Jacoby, born Febru- 
ary 17, 1825. 

Jacob Jacoby, born February 11, 1827 ; 
died October 13, 1871. 

Henry S. Jacoby, M. D., born Febru- 
ary 16, 1829 ; died August 7, 1882. 

Margaret Jacoby, born November 9, 
1830 ; died April i4, 1870. 

David S. Jacoby, born March 4, 1833 ; 
died September 8, 1859. 

William Augustus Jacoby, born Octo- 
ber 19, 1837 ; died September 12, 1868r' 

Professor Albertus Shelley. 

The widely-known young violinist, 
whose name heads this article, surprised 
his Philadelphia friends by suddenly 
dropping in upon them on Monday eve- 
ning, March 18. He came by the steam- 
er La Gascogne, having a tempestuous 
passage of nine days. He comes to fill a 
professional engagement of three months 
in the cities on the Atlantic seaboard. 
His first appearance in America, after an 
absence of three and a half years in Paris 
and Germany, will be in Bridgeport, 
Ct. He will perform in Philadelphia, 
at the New Century Drawing Room, on 
the evening of April 6. He has arranged 
for a concert at Quakertown, Pa., April 9. 

Epitaphs in Falkner Swamp Reforni= 
ed Churchyard. 



memory of 


Born September 8, 1790, 

Died March 20, 1882, 

Aged 91 Years 6 mo 

and 12 days. 

Zum Andenken 


Catharina Dengler, 

eine geborne Walter 

Ehegattin des verstorbenen 

Jacob Dengler. 

Sie war geboren am 3 

October 1765 und Stnrb 

am 13 December 1851 

ihres Alters 86 Jahre, 

2 Monate und 10 Tage. 

ruhen die Gebeine 

des Ehrsamen 
Bern hard Dottrer 
Er war gebohren 1736 den 31 
sten Mertz, Er lebte 49 Jahre 
und 10 Monath in der Ehe mit 
Barbara eine gebohrne Wartman 
hinterliess 8 Kinder 3 Sohne und 
5 Tochter, Br starb den 12ten No- 
vember 1810. Sein alter war 
74 Jahre •"> Monat und 12 Tage. 
Sein Leichen Text 
Jacobi am 1 capitel vers 12 
Selig ist der Mann der die Anfech- 
tung erduldet, denn nachdem er bewiih- 

ret ist, wird er die Krone des Lebens 

empfangen welche Gott verheissen hat 

denen, die ihn lieb haben. 


ruhen in Gott 

die Gebeine der gewesen 

Barbara Dotterer. 
Gattin des Bernhard Dot- 
terer. Sie wurde gebohren 

deu 15ten July 1741, 
verehlichte sichaufden6 
ten January 1761,zeugte 
10 Kinder niimlich 5 Soh- 
ne und 5 Tochter und starb 
auf den 6ten August 1823, 
Nach dem sie ihr Alter auf 
82 Jahre und 21 Tage 
gebracht hatte. 
Ihr Leichentext war Psalm 55 v. 25. 
Wirf dein anliegen auf den Herrn 
Der wird dich versorgen und wird den 
gerechten nicht ewiglich in unruhe lassen. 

Hier ruhet 

Heinrich Derr. 

Er war geboren 

den 14 Januar 1777 

und starb 

den 19 Januar 1842, 

alt 65 Jahre und 5 Tage. 

Hier ruhet 

Catharina Derr, 

geboren den 11 Junl 

1772, u. starb den 14 

May, 1847, alt 74 

Jahre 11 Monate und 3 


{To be Continued.) 



Traveller, Missionary and Author. 

(Continued from Ko. 6.) 


The 19th of December, 1756, was the 
memorable day upon which the Saviour 
regarded my tears and sighs, and vouch- 
safed to me help and consolation. Now 
it was that His love was poured out into 
my soul through the Holy Spirit and in 
His power, which was mighty in the 
feeble, I felt myself strengthened to re- 
sist all the temptations and allurements 
to sin, so that I no longer suffered it to 
exercise its dominion over me. Upon 
this period of my life I still think with 
joy and gratitude. 

In the following year at the celebration 
of the Chorfest of the single brethren, 
August 29, 1757, I had the inexpressible 
satisfaction, for the first time, to partake 
of the body and blood of Jesus Christ. 
The delight which I felt in my soul, upon 
that occasion, I am unable to describe. 
I now sincerely wished that my comrades 
might enjoy the same liappiness that I 
did, and subsequently I had the satisfac- 
tion to know that an extensive revival 
took place among them and that an ap- 
preciation of a life in God began to mani- 
fest itself among them. As soon as I was 
admitted into the Chor of the Single 
Brethren, in the year 17(51, 1 was appoint- 
ed as one of the Superintendents of the 
boys' department, and in this capacity I 
served three years. At this time I be- 
came more convinced than ever that it 
behoved me to address myself continually 
as a poor sinner to the Lord and that I 
must seek my salvation only through His 
grace. This was of course a painful les- 
son for my heart, which by nature was in- 
clined to self-righteousness, and I could 
not understand how it was that I had 
still to be sensible of my corruption, for 
I had thought that as I had at last ob- 
tained remission of sins and received the 
peace of God into my heart I should 
pursue my course happily and without 
interruption. I did not know at that 

time how soon I sliould forget the Lord if 
I ceased to be sensible of my sinfulness. 
If, therefore, I perceived anything vicious 
in me I endeavored to suj^press it through 
my own strength that finally I might be 
delivered from all human weakness. As, 
however, I could not but perceive that I 
could not attain to this state of perfection 
which seemed to me so desirable, I began 
to be disheartened and indiUerent, whilst 
at the same time I was satisfied with my- 
self if only occasionally and on especial 
solemn occasions I felt the nearness of 
Jesus and his proffers of Grace. In this 
state of mind I continued during some 
years and if at times I felt love towards 
Jesus I did not enjoy now so fully the ap- 
preciation of my connection with his 
Church, as I had done formerly, and not- 
withstanding all my precaution many 
things occurred with me which are in- 
compatible with the character of a child 
of God. When this was the case I ad- 
dressed myself to my merciful Redeemer 
with the supplication for the forgiveness 
of my transgressions and he never suffer- 
ed me to depart without the consolation 
of his grace. Notwithstanding this fact 
I was far from being happy, because I 
neither could nor would understand that 
I could not do of myself and that Christ 
must do everything for me. 

(To be Continued.) 

Our Old People. 


was born in Lower Salford township, 
November 16, 1798 ; married May 30, 
1816, Rev. Abraham Hunsicker ; and now 
resides at Collegeville, with her daughter, 
Mrs. Mary A. Preston. Her parents 
were Benjamin Alderfer, (born in 1771, 
died in June, 1840,) and Elizabeth Shoe- 
maker, (born in 1771, died in October, 
1840,) his wife. Rev. Abraham Hun- 
sicker was born July 31, 1793, in East 



Perkiomen township, and died January 
12, 1872, at Collegeville. 

Mrs. Hvinsicker is now in her ninety- 
seventh year, and is in the full possession 
of her faculties, moving around and help- 
ing herself. Her sight and hearing are 
slightly impaired, but her memory is 
simply wonderful, and her conversational 
powers are as good as they were twenty- 
five years ago. Her appetite is splendid 
and she sleeps well and is the type of 
contentment. She lives within a quarter 
of a mile of the place to which she came 
to make her home on the 31st of May, 
1816, the day after her marriage. She 
is the mother of ten children, five sons 
and five daughters, of whom all but two 
sons are living. They are : 1, Mrs. John 
B. Landis, aged 78 years, who has 13 
children, of whom 9 survive ; 2, Ben- 
jamin A. Hunsicker, who died in 1855, 
aged 34 years, 3 children, one surviving ; 
3, Mrs. Gideon Fetterolf, aged 73, 6 
children, 3 surviving ; 4, Henry A. Hun- 
sicker, bom November 10, 1825, now 69 
years old, 7 children, 3 surviving ; 5, 
Abraham Hunsicker, Jr., who died in 
1891, aged 62 years, 6 children, 3 surviv- 
ing ; 6, Mrs. Francis R. S. Hunsicker, 
aged 64, 7 children, 4 surviving ; 7, Elias 
A. Hunsicker, 61 years old, 2 children, 
both living ; 8, Mrs. J. T. Preston, 58 
years old, 3 children, 2 surviving ; 9, 
Mrs. Joseph H. Hendricks, 55 years old, 
5 children, 4 surviving ; 10, Horace M. 
Hunsicker, 52 years, 3 children, one 
surviving. The aggregate age of Mrs. 
Hunsicker and her surviving children is 
606 years ; adding 96 for the ages of the 
two deceased, the total is 702 years. She 
has 55 grandchildren, of whom 32 survive; 
72 great-grandchildren, 59 surviving, and 
9 great-great-grandchildren, all of whom 
are living. The whole number of her 
descendants is 146, of whom 108 survive. 

Mrs. Hunsicker's paternal grandfather, 
John Alderfer, was born in 1745, and 
died in 1820. Her great-grandfather, 
Frederick Alderfer, died in 1801, aged 86 
years. The name Alderfer is of German 
origin, and is derived from Alt Dorf — old 
town ; hence, Altdorfer signified a resid- 
ent of Alt Dorf, or the old town. 

Mrs. Hunsicker's maternal grandfather 
was Michael Shoemaker, who died in the 
thirties, in his 97th year. It is said he 
walked from Franconia township to visit 
his daughter, a distance of nearly five 
miles, in his 94th year. Henry A. Hun- 
sicker, his great-grandson, heard him re- 
late how he caught shad in the East 
Branch of Perkiomen creek when he was 
a young man. 


son of Daniel and Barbara(]McCardi) Batz, 
was born in Colebrookdale township, 
August 20, 1808. He married Lydia Rep- 
pert, who was born February 15, 1808, 
and died December 26, 1893. They had 
two sons and eleven daughters. Mr. 
Batz owns and resides upon the Antes 
farm in Frederick township. 


daughter of John George Hillegas and 
Maria (Hillegas) Hillegas, his wife, is the 
only living great-grandchild of John 
Frederick and Elizabeth Barbara Hillegas. 
She was born in Upper Hanover township, 
Montgomery county. Pa., November 17, 
1804 ; married in 1834, Samuel Kepler, 
son of Samuel and Maria Magdalena 
(Grimley) Kepler. Samuel Kepler was 
born November 10, 1796 ; died August 28, 
1869. They had these children : Caroline, 
( Mrs. Jonas Weand ) ; Maria, ( Mrs. Solo- 
mon K. Heil); John George; Eliza Mag- 
dalena, (Mrs. Philip S. Rteed); Samuel, 
deceased ; and Hannah, (Mrs. William 
Banfield). Mrs. Kepler resides with her 
daughter, Mrs. Reed, at Hillegas Post- 


son of Henry and Maria Catharine 
(Bucher) Smith, was born at the Swamp, 
New Hanover township, February 7, 
1813. He is unmarried and lives in his 
native township. 


son of Jacob and Susanna (Boyer) Hauck, 
was born in Frederick township, Decem- 
ber 20, 1809 ; married Caroline, daugliter 
of Jacob and Christiana (Heist) Sampsel. 
Caroline Sampsel was born in Upper 
Hanover township June 13, 1816. They 
have one son and seven daughters. They 
reside near Perkiomenville. 

Vol. I. No. 8. APRIL, 1895. 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

The PcrkiofDcn Region, 

Past and Present. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

P. O. Box 316, Philadelphia. 

A Sonnet. 


And here, at last, by happy chance I stand — 

Now time has borne me onward far and fleet — 
The beauteous Perkiomen' s flow to greet. 

That ghdes athrough these heights on either hand, 

Whence all abroad I view th' enchanting land, 
Where came the ancestors with weary feet 
From Rhineland ills 'mid persecution's heat, 

To prayed-for rest upon our sunset strand. 

Here hewed they lofty forests down, and here 

Tilled they the soil, to full daylight laid bare ; 

Here, too, they worshipped God in gospel peace 

Within the humble temples raised anear. 

Leaving to us dear, cherished names that ne'er 

On children's children's hearts their hold shall cease. 
Fort Washington, Pa. 

Its First Volume of Historical Papers. ton. Home of Charles Thompson, Secre- 

The Historical Society of Montgomery ^^""y ^^ ^^e Continental Congress. 
County has just issued a 12mo work of ^he book may be obtained of Joseph 
420 papers. Among the articles are: Fornance, Esq., Norristown, Pa., chair- 
Early, History of Whitemarsh Township ; ™^n of the Publication Committee. Price, 
Banks of Montgomerv County ; Sketch of bound in cloth, $1.50 ; bound in vellum, 
Lower Merion Township ; The First Troop O" ^eavy paper, $2.50 ; unbound, $L50. 
of Montgomery County ; Clock and Watch- 

makers of the County ; The Redemption- J"dge Pennypacker's Address. 

ers ; Aid Rendered by Montgomery Coun- The elite of Norristown and Montgom- 

ty Women in Hospitals, etc. , in the Late ery county crowded the spacious main 

War ; Swedes' Church ; Norriton Presby- room of the Court House on the night of 

terian Church; Fries' Rebellion, 1799; March 29,1895, to hear Judge Penny- 

A British Capture of Supplies for Valley packer's address on Local History. For 

Forge ; Fourth and Fifth Battalions, an hour and a half the audience listened, 

Pennsylvania Militia, 1777-1780; The spell-bound, to the distinguished orator's 

Jeffersonville Tavern, built 1765 ; Harri- words. The interests of the Historical So- 



ciety of Montgomery County cannot fail to 
be greatly advanced by this in-every-way 
gratifying demonstration. 

Daniel K. Cassel is engaged upon the 
genealogy of the Kulp Family, the first 
portion of which is in type and will come 
from the press in a few days. The Ger- 
man of the name is Kolb. This numer- 
ous family, among the earliest to settle in 
the Perkiomen country, should generously 
support this laudable work. Inquiries 
may be made of Mr. Cassel by letter at 
4333 Germantown avenue, Philadelphia. 

Elwood Roberts, city editor of the 
Norristown Herald, made an excellent 
report of Judge Pennypacker's address in 
the Court House. 

Green Hill. 


One of the finest views of CoUegeville 
can be obtained by crossing Perkiomen 
Bridge and going to the point known to 
people of the locality as Green Hill or 
Pechin's Mill. On ascending this hill the 
Perkiomen seems to wind slowly along 
and one of the most fertile farms of the 
township lies on the farther side of the 
stream. The village scene is a peaceful 
panorama before the beholder while the 
tower of Ursinus' halls rises as the central 

When the delicate green foliage of 
spring begins to appear and bloom is upon 
the fruit trees the scene is the fairest. 
Fertile meadows and the clustering trees 
are a promise of prosperity. At this 
season the rough, red shale is glorified by 
the bloom of the moss or mountain pink 
that carpets the most barren appearing 
soil and the most precipitous slo^jes. 
This nook seems never to have been till- 
ed. If the sun shines down too persist- 
ently a removal from the highest point 
leads the pedestrian to the shelter of a 
group of hemlock spruce, where laurel 
bushes and ferns flourish underneath the 
evergreen shade. Below are the ruins of 
Pechin's Mill. The broken mill dam 
ripples the water pleasantly and musical- 

On a visit to the hill, about the middle 
of last December, witch-hazel was found 
still bearing its late bloom of bright 
yellow. A light frost delicately trans- 
figured the earth and mosses. Branches 
of resinous pine, crisp laurel and graceful 
spruce were carried home. 

In summertime it is delightful to drift 
down the stream in a boat to these un- 
conventional shades. Those who are in- 
clined to study local tradition can appeal 
to an historian living near. The 
site of Pechin's Mill was included in the 
four hundred acres once owned by Owen 
Evans, who lived from 1769 to 1812. This 
prominent citizen was engaged in making 
guns for the United States army. Powder 
mills and establishments for the manu- 
facture and repair of small-arms were 
operated at many places in the county in 
those days. The road by which Green 
Hill is accessible was a source of great 
contention in years gone by, as was also 
the possession of water rights. Seven 
different owners occiipied the grist mill 
during its better days. 

Old-Time News. 


Saur's Germantown Paper, November 
20, 1761. Bernard Wannemacher und 
Andere warnen hierdurch Jedermann vor 
einem mann, welcher falschlich im land 
umher ziehet, um vor eine Kirche und 
Schulhauss zucollectiren; er hat solches 
schon zweymal fiilschlich gethan, und 
nun geschiehetes zum drittenmal. Er hat 
eine lange Nase, und siehet etwas scheib 
im gesicht. Er ist ziemlich erfahren im 
Studio &c. 

Militia Exemption Fines. 

Our older people recall the days of 
militia drills, when all the young men 
from twenty-one to forty-five were re- 
quired to exercise or pay an exemption 
fine. It is remembered that they were 
sometimes drilled with broomsticks and 
cornstalks, when muskets were lacking. 
Faithful membors of the non-resistant 
religious societies refused to perform all 
military duties, and were in consequence 
fined. We have been favored with a 



number of receipts given for such fines 
paid by Abraham Bechtel, a Mennonite 
minister, grandfather of Abraham L. 
Bechtel, of Bally. We copy them as a 
matter of interest at the present time as 
well as in the future. 

November 27, 1801. Emfangen von 
Abraham Bechtel vor Exsems feind 
die suma von zwelf daller var das 
Jahr 1800 und vor das 1801. Sage 
emfangen bey mir 

Abraham Herb. 

1805 den 2.3ten Mertz Hab ich von 
Abraham Bechtel Empfangen vor 
Exems feind die summe von 5 tahler 
in guth und lawvoU gelt 

George Moll 

Emfangen d 2t November 1809 
von Abraham Biichtel die Suma von 
vier Thaler Excems feindt vor dass 
instehente Jahr Ich sage Empfange 
bey mir 
$4-0 George Gilbert. 

Emfanen von Aberham Bechell 6 
.dollars Melliz feint deu 13 September 
$6 George Dress, Coll. 

Empfangen May 26, 1814, von 
Abraham Bechtel die Summa von 
zwey Poller als Exezihr feund vor 
im friihjahr 

Bernhart Gilbert, Capt. 

July the 25th, 1819. Received of 
Abraham Bechtel the sum of four 
dollars for Exempt fine for the year 
1819. I say Received in full by me. 
$4.00 John Renninger. 

Epitaphs in Falkner Swamp Reform= 
ed Churchyard. 



Zum andenken an 

Abraham Dres. 

Er wurde ein Sohn von Dewald 

und Elisabeth" Dres, 

geboren den 5 Septe ber 1778, 

starb den 25 August 1848, alt 

69 Jahre, 11 Monate und 20 

Text, Mathias 25, vers. 23. 


denckmal der liebe 

gese — dem weyland liebgewesenen 

Georg Adam Egolff. 

gebohren d : 15ten Februari 1724 

zu Teutschland in SchefiFten , 

und gestorben d : 15 Februari 

1795 Seines alters 71 Jahr. 

Leichen Text Psalm 90 vers 12 

Lehre uns bedenken dasz, u. s. w. 

ruhen die Gebeine von 

Marilis Egolf, 

ein gebohrne Schadlerin. 

Sie wurde gebohren zu Mii- 

nchweiler in Teutschland 

den 7ten October im Jahr 

1725 und ist gestorben 

den 7ten August 1808. 

Sie brachte ihr Alter auf 

R2 Jahr und 10 Monat. 

Leichen Text die 2 Epistel 

Pauli an die Corinther das 5 
Capitel den 1 vers. 

Wir wissen aber, so unser irdisches 

Haus dieser Hiitte zerbrochen wird, 
un. so. w. 

ruhen in Go^t 

die gebeine <les gewesenen 

Joseph Freyer. 

Er wurde gebohren den 7ten 

November 1747, und starb 

den 8ten Mertz 1825 
Sein gantzes alter war 77 
Jahr 4 Monath und 1 Tag. 
Das grab ist mir ein sanftes bette 
Jesus deckt mich selber zu ; 
Es ist die beste Ruhestiitte 
Da niemand stohretmeine ruh 
Dem leibe ist im Grabe wohl 
Die Seel ist bei Gott freudenvoll. 
Hier ruhet 


John Fegley, 

Geboren den 20 Feb. 1807, 

Starb den 4 Miirz 1886, 

alt 79 Jahre und 14 

Hier ruhet 




23 V. 
Anna Maria 

gattin von 

John Fegley. 

Geb. d. 26 Dec. 1814, 

starb d. 25 July 1889, 

Alter 74 Jahre, 6 m. • 

und 29 tage. 

ruhen die Gebeine einer 
verstorbenen mitschwester Namens 
Barbara Freyern, 
gewesene Ehefrau von Joseph 
Freyer, sie wurde gebohren den ' 

16ten September im Jahr 1742, 
und Lebten 37 Jahr in der Ehe mit- 
einander, zeugten 5 Kinder 1 Sohn 
und 4 Tochter, und starb den 21sten 

February im Jahr 1811. ihres al- 
ters 68 Jahre 5 Monathe und 4 Tage. 
Wann du die Todten wirst an einem Tag er- 
wecken : so thue auch deine Hand zu meinem 
Grab ausstrecken Lasz horen deme Stimm, 
und meinem Leib week auf, und fiihre ihn 
schon verklart zum auserwiihlten Haus. 




Denkmal von 

Philip Hahn, 

er war gebohren den 31 

sten Mertz A D. 1736 

ist gestorben den 16sten tag 

April A. D. 1821 

ist alt worden 85 Jahren 

und 16 Tags. 

Sein Leichentext war Ev. 

Johannes Capitel 14 vers 24 : 3. 


Denkmal von 

Margaretha Hahn, 

eine Tochter von 

Daniel Hiester, 

sie war gebohren den 26sten 

Tag Juny A. D. 1743, 

und ist gestorben den liten 

Hornung A. D. 1820, 

ist alt worden 76 Jahre 

7 monathe und 16 Tage. 

Ihr Leichen Text war Ev. Johannes 

das 17then Capitel vers 24. 

Dem Andenken des 
Er starb den 26th Feby 1823 
46 lahr alt. 
Getreu dem wichtigem Beruf 
Warst du zu dem der Herr dich schuf 
Sanft perlen Lesser auf dies Grab 
Die milden Thranen dir herab ; 
Denn Er ist ihrer werth. 

to the Memory of 
Wife of Doctr John Hahn, and 
Daughter of Henry and Margaret 
Sweyer who Departed 
this Life November the 6th 
Aged 30 Years 3 Months 
and 21 Days 
Go our dear child obey the call of Heaven. 
Thy sins were few and are we trust forgiven. 
Yet ah' ! what pen can paint thy parents woe 
Gk>d only gives the balm who struck the blow. 



Born June 20, 1805, 

Died Nov. 2, 1886, 

Age 81 yrs 4 mo. 

12 Days 

In Memory 




March 26, 1807, 


Dec. 28, 1885 

Age 78 years, 9 m. 

& 2 days 

In Memory 


Wife of 

David Hatfield, 

Born June 12, 1807 

Married Dec. 13 


Died April 28, 1881, 


73 Years 10 Mo & 16 

Hier Ruhet 


Eine Geb. Liebenguth 

Geb. den 30 Dec. ISOfj, 

verehelichte sich mit, 

Samuel Hatfield, 

den 6 M;irzl831, 

starb den 14 Oct 1879, 

alt 72 Jahre 9 Mo. 

u. 14 Tage. 

Text mar 

cus Cap 

9 vers 18 

Zum Andenken an 

den Ehrw. • 

Andreas Hoffman. 

Er wurde zu Kreutznacht 

in Deutschland geb. den 

23 Sept. A. D. 1797, Kam im 

mannlichen Alter 
nach America, verehelich- 
te sich mit Lovina Ma- 
ria Griiber den 12 Mai 1846 
zeugten 3 S. u 5 T starb d. 5 
Marz 1860, alt 62 Jahr 

5 mo. u. 12 Ta. 
Er wurde als Prediger des Evangelium A. D. 

1833, in der Deutsch Reformirten gemein- 

de in Neu Hanover Tounship Montgomery 

Co., Pa., und einjen benachbarten gemeinden 

auf und angenommen, in Welchen gemein- 

der er 25 Jahre als Prediger dien. 




Nov. 15, 1821. 

Died 'July 13, 1879, 


57 Yrs. 7 mos. & 

28 days. 

ruhet der Leib 
der verstorbenen 
Catharina Jung 
gewesene Ehefrau von Ro- 
land Jung, sie war eine ge- 
bohrne Fischern, wurde ge- 
bohren den lOten tag April 
im Jahr 1731 und is gestor- 
ben im Jahr 1812 den 8ten 
tag May, sie brachte ibr gantzes 
alter auf 81 Jahre 3 
Wochen und 8 Tagen. 




ruhen die Gebeine des 
Roland Jung 
gebohren den lOten Novem- 
ber 1730, uud starb den 
9ten July 1804, alter 
73 Jahr 8 Monath. 
Leichentext Mathai am 24 sten 
Capitel vers 12. 
Wer aber beharret bis an das 
Ende der wird Seelig. 


Andenken an 

Johann Georg Huber. 

Er war geboren den 30 August 1706, 

Lebte im Stande der Ehe mit 

Elizabeth Binder, 

und starb den 9 December 1 847 alter 81 

Jahre 4 Monate und Tage. 

Text Philipper 1, vers 21, 22, 23. 


Ruhen die gebeine 

Der ELisabetha J;ir- 

gern, wurde gebohren 

1749 dem llten Jannuary 

VerEhelicht mit Ada- 

m Jilerger, zeugten 1 toch- 

ter und starb 1790 den 2ten 

May, hat also gelebt 41 Jahr 

3 Monath und 21 Tage. 

(To be Continued.) 

Brief Notices of Colonial Families. 


was born in March, 1728 ; married, April, 
30, 1751, Veronica Markley ; died Febru- 
ary 24, 1803. Veronica Markley, daugh- 
ter of Jacob and Barbara (Dotterer) Mark- 
ley, was born April 1, 1732 ; died Septem- 
ber 29, 1777 ; buried October 2, 1777. 
George and Veronica Schwenk were 
buried on their own farm, on the east 
bank of Society run, in Frederick town- 

George Schwenck was a farmer and 
blacksmith. He was naturalized Septem- 
ber 21, 1755. As early as 174B he owned 
land in Frederick township. January 2, 
1754, he bought of Michael Schwenck and 
Mary, his wife, one hundred acres in 
Frederick township, locarted principally 
on the west side of Old Cossihoppen (Old 
Goshenhoppen) creek; April 4, 1761, he 
conveyed this to Henry Boyer. October 
28, 1765, he bought of David Hiibner 
two hundred acres in Frederick township, 
bounded by lands of Henry Kraus, John 
Reiraer, Lodwick Reimer and Michael 
Renn, and other lands owned by himself. 
May 2, 1768, he sold one hundred and 

forty-six acres and one hundred and 

twenty-six perches of this tract to Lod- 
wick Reimer. 

Letters of administration on the estate 
of George Schwenck, deceased, were 
granted, March 25, 1803, to Jacob 
Schwenck and Abraham Schwenck. The 
estate showed, at settlement, a net balance 
of £3134 11 6.7 Pennsylvania money for 
distribution to the heirs. 

The children of George and Veronica 
Schwenck were : 

John Schwenck, born March 5, 1752, 

married, September 14, 1775, Regina 

Krauss ; died February 3, 1803. Regina 

Krauss, daughter of Henry and Anna 

Maria Krauss, was born April 12, 1756 ; 

died August 14, 1805. John Schwenck 

and Regina, his wife, are buried in 

Schwenck burial ground, on Society run, 
Frederick township. 

Jacob Schwenck, born June 7, 1755 ; 
baptized August 3, 1755, according to 
Trappe Lutheran church record. 

Abraham Schwenck, born May 25, 
1759 ; married Veronica Bauer ; died 
August 6, 1843. Veronica Bauer, born 
April 10, 1756 ; died September 13, 1840. 
They are buried at Keely's churchyard, 
near Schwenksville. 

Daniel Schwenck, born May 5, 1761 ; 
married (first) November, 15, 1785, Cath- 
arine Raudenbush, and (second) Decem- 
ber 20, 1802, Catharine Boyer, ^idow, 
maiden name Shantz ; died February 26, 
1836 ; buried at Keeler's church, Freder- 
ick township. Catharine Raudenbush, 
born in Upper Hanover township, Janu- 
ary 6, 1765 ; died August 17, 1802; buried 
at the Schwenck burial place in Frederick 
township. Catharine Shantz, born in 1759; 

died February 1, 1837 ; buried at Keeler's 

Elizabeth Schwenk, born December 31, 
1766 ; married, December 31, 1785, John 
Markley ; died September 5, 1804 ; buried 
at St. John's Lutheran church. Centre 
Square. John Markley, son of Philip and 
Mary (Johnson) Markley, was born De- 
cember 8, 1764 ; died July 28, 1834. He 
married a second wife, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Henderson, maiden name Phillipson. 

He was a prominent business man of 



Payments for Land by Original Purchasers in the Perkiomen Country. 

(Continued from No. 7.) 

12mo 13, 1734-5. 

12mo 21, 1734-5. 

Imo 5, 1734^. 
Imo 7, 17^-5. 

Imo 12, 1734^. 

2mo 1, 1735. 

2mo 1, 1735. 
2mo 1, 1735. 
2mo 4, 1735. 
3mo 3, 1735. 
3mo 14, 1735. 
4mo 20, 1735. 
Smo 1, 1735. 

Smo 21, 1735. 

Smo 31, 1735. 

Gabriel Shouller 

reed of himself in full for 200 acres sur- 
veyd to him on the branch of Parkeaw- 
ming Creek in the County of Philadel- 
phia at £15 10 p ct £31 
Interest for almost 5 months 
due on the same 15 6 

Garret Clements 

reed of his Son in full for 29 acres surveyd 
to him on the Branches of Parkeawming 
on the New Terms 

Thomas Thomas 

reed of him in full for 79 as Granted him 
in Hill Town, Bucks on New Terms 

Hans Wyerman 

reed of him in part 

for 101 Acres on a branch of Parkeaw- 
ming on new Terms £15 4 7 

Edward Wells 

reed of him in full for 100 Acres Surveyd 
to him near Skepeck in the County of 
Philada on the late Terms 

Richard Gregory 

reed of him in part 

for .300 as near New Cowessehoppin on 

the late Terms £46 10 

William Thomas 

reed of him in full for 125 as in or near 
Hilltown, Bucks, on the late Terms 

Lewis Evans 

reed of him Quitrent for 300 as Hilltown 
J yr in full £0 12 6 

Mathias Gemelin 

reed of him Quitrent for 92 as at Matta- 
chin late I Norris 2 yrs in full £0 2 

Thomas Robers 

rec Quitrent fori250 as Great Swamp 18 
yrs in full £2 5 

Henry Frey 

reed Quitrent for 200 As at Skepeck 10 
yrs in full £10 

Henry Penebaker & Jacob Kolb 

reed Quitrent for 6166 as Bebbers Town- 
ship 33 yrs in full £10 3 6 

Christian Baydeller 

reed of him in part 

for 100 acres at Cowessehoppen on the 

late terms 

Evans Thomas 

reed of him in full for 57 as in Hilltown 
at £15 10 p ct £8 16 8 

for the Int. on ye above sum 6 
months 5 3 

James Robinson 

reed of him in full for 267 as & i^ at 
Perkasie @ £15 10 £41 9 2 

for ye Int of that sum 10 months 2 14 

£31 15 6 

4 10 

12 4 10 


15 10 


19 7 6 

18 9 

3 7 6 

1 10 

15 5 3 


9 1 11 

43 10 6 



4mo 2, 1735. 
4mo 11, 1735. 
5mo 14, 1735. 

6mo 12, 1735. 

6mo 15, 1735. 

6mo 30, 1735. 
lObr 18, 1735. 

6mo 20, 1735. 

6mo 27, 1735. 

7mo 4, 1735. 
7mo 4, 1735. 

8mo 20, 1735. 

Smo 22, 1735. 
9mo 28, 1735. 

lOmo 3, 1735. 
lOmo 30, 1735. 

Andrew Ledrah 

reed of him in full for 32 acres added to 
his Tract 

Felton Gratz 

reed of him in part for Land on the 
branch of Perkeawming 

John Isaac Klein 

reed of him in full for 50 acres surveyd 
to him near Parkeawming Creek 
Philada County 

Andrew Ledrah 

reed of him Quitrent for 100 as at or near 
Skepeek 17 yrs in full £0 17 

Isaac Kolb 

reed Quitrent for 73 as near Bebbers 
Townsp 17 years in full £0 12 8 

Henry Eeiner 

reed Quitrent for 200 as in Limerick 34 
yrs in full £3 8 

Casper VVister 

reed of him Quitrent for 1000 as Salford 
late G. Jones 21 yrs in full £10 10 

Ulrick Inglehort 

reed of Melker Wiegner and David 
Meischter in full for him for 96 as at 
new Cowessehopin £14 17 7 

for Int due on that sum 1 yr 18 

Christopher Nyeman 

reed of him in full for 125 as at Cowisse- 
hopin on new Terms £19 7 6 

for Interest due thereon 8 

Hans Wyerman 

reed of him in full 

Lewis Evans 

reed of him in full for 100 acres Hill 
Town £15 10 

Interest due on the same almost 
1 year 18 

Michael Lutes 

reed of G. Shultz in full for 150 as on a 
branch of Parkeawmg £23 5 

Interest on a settlement with him 112 3 

George Bogard 

reed of him in full for 16 a 93 p in 
Salford Township 

Christopher Duck 

reed of him in full for 100 acres in Sal- 
ford £15 10 
for Interest due on same 7 

Stephen Rainer 

reed of Peter Wents in full for 100 acres 
on a branch of Parkeawming £16 10 
for Interest due on Same 4 6 

Valentine Keyler als Kingler 

reed of him in part for 131 acres near 
Perkeawming Creek £20 6 2 

(To be Contimied.) 

9 12 


7 15 

1 5 



5 2 

15 15 

15 15 7 

19 15 6 
10 18 10 

16 8 

24 17 3 

2 11 4 

15 17 

15 14 6 




Traveller, Missionary and Author. 

(Continued from No, 7.) 


About 1761 my relatives did all they 
could to prevail upon me to forsake the 
Moravian Church, and I confess that 
sometimes I did not feel disinclined to 
comply with their wishes^ The Lord, 
however, retained his hold upon me and 
awakened an intense longing in me to 
visit the Moravian church in Europe. 
This longing I imparted to Brother 
Spangenberg, who about this time left 
America to return to Europe. Shortly 
before his departure, in a solemn meeting 
of the congregation which took place in 
Bethlehem 25th of June, about fifty 
Brethren, among whom I was included, 
were admitted to the Akoluthie — "the 
select of the day Loosung." "I will 
make you fishers of men" especially 
struck me at the time I became a member 
of the Society of the "Stundebeter," and I 
enjoyed many happy hours in the inter- 
course with my best friend Jesus. Never- 
theless, it still continued to be a mystery 

to me that I should live day and night on 
his grace alone. 

In the year 1764 I was requested to ac- 
company the Indian congregation, which 
had severe trials to endure, (see Loskiel's 
Indianer Geschichte, Seite 479), upon its 
journey from Philadelphia to New York. 
When we arrived at Amboy the Govern- 
or sent, by a file of soldiers, for us to re- 
turn again to Philadelphia. As mj^ pres- 
ence was no longer deemed necessary I 
immediately set out ibr Bethlehem, from 
whence, in virtue of a written invitation 
from Brother Spangenberg, I set out for 
Europe, upon 6th May, and, upon 5th 
July, arrived at Marienborn, where a 
Synodical convention was then in session. 
As regards my frame of mind during this 
time I was sufficiently contented, if no- 
thing occurred to me that disturbed my 
peace of mind. And as by the grace of 
God I took especial care to guard myself 
against that which the world denominat- 
ed a departure from the world, I thus 

forgot to properly estimate the happiness 
which may be enjoyed in communino 
with the Saviour and in which consists 
the true felicity of a poor, pardoned sin- 
ner. Notwithstanding this the Holy 
Ghost continued to operate upon my 
heart and occasionally became much dis- 
turbed in view of the security in which 
I continued to live. 

After I had continued to live for some 
time in Marienborn, I proceeded to 
Herrnhut, where I arrived on 5th Sep- 
tember. Here I transacted various kinds 
of business until my great predilection 
for mechanical pursuits induced me, in 
Septeml)er, 1765, to go to Neuwied, in 
order to learn the jewelry business under 
a celebrated master of the art ; and I 
succeeded in a short time in making con- 
siderable progress in my trade. Here the 
Saviour subjected me to new trials and 
depicted to me the dangerous condition 
of my soul in so clear a light that I be- 
came frightened and devoutly besought 
Him to remove everything from me that 
obstructed the way to true happiness. As 
soon as I felt this sincere desire I again 
experienced His gracious nearness in my 
heart ; and now I perceived what was 
meant by living through grace alone. The 
spirit of God convicted me of unbelief, 
and humbled me of my error, j^et so that 
the way of my heart remained open for 
Christ. I learned to esteem it as the great- 
est happiness to regard grace, salvation 
and life, not as a right to which all are 
entitled, but as an unmerited gift, to be 
received from Him with gratitude. What 
was formerly regarded by me as a burden 
now was felt to be grace, and the blessed 
experience which I enjoyed from the all- 
sufficient power and grace of Jesus so 
strengthened me that I could successfully 
resist through His power all the tempta- 
tions which beset me in after years. Now 
I thus overcame difficulties which I could 
not have accomplished through my own 



On the 16th of January, 1769, I receiv- 
ed a call to Grand Cairo, in Egypt, where 
Brothers Hocker and Danke were station- 
ed. In the mission to Egypt especial re- 
gard was had to the Christians of Abys- 
sinia, whose knowledge of Christ and 
participation of His salvation was sought 
to be furthered by the ministration of 
the Word ; but until an opportunity 
should offer itself to this end the design 
was that the missionaries should devote 
themselves to the Copts of Egypt for the 
attainment of similar ends. I was also 
especially induced to comply with this 
call in consequence of the designated 
text of that day : "Who will be my mes- 
senger?" In July I arrived at Marien- 
born, where the Synod met in convention. 
After I had been ordained deacon of the 
Moravian Church, on 23d of May, I set 
out upon my journej' to London, whence, 
after a sojourn of two months, I took 
passage for Alexandria, on the 3d of Oc- 
tober, aboard a ship bound to the Isle of 

Ui^on the coast of Portugal we were 
pursued for some time by two Algerine 
privateers, and our captain was not a lit- 
tle alarmed, as he had forgotten to carry 
with him his passports for the Mediter- 
ranean Sea. But as we hoisted the 
English colors, the privateers left us, and 
we arrived safely at Gibraltar. Here the 
captain procured a passport, and we 
weighed anchor on Nov. 1st. In the 
course of our voyage we ran into liarbor 
in Sictily. After this, without any re- 
markable occurrence, we arrived at Lar- 
nica in Cyprus, on the 24th November. 
This being a very unhealthy place, I ex- 
erted myself to procure an early' passage 
to Alexandria, but did not succeed. Be- 
sides I was informed that there were such 
disturbances in Egypt, that no one could 
travel tin her with safety. 

The English consul at Larnica very 
kindly ofiered me board and lodging, 
whicli I accepted, though with a heavy 
heart, seeing no prospect of soon leaving 
this place. 

{To be Continued.) 

Ejectment of the Frankfort Company. 

The German purchasers of 25,000 acres 
of land from William Penn, on the 2d 
day of April, 1683, appointed Francis 
Daniel Pastorius to be their attorney. 
The power of attorney was executed in 
the city of Frankfort-on-the-Main, by 
Jacobus Van de Walle, for himself, and 
as attorney of Johan Wilhelm Petersen 
and his wife, Eleanora Van Merlau ; Dan- 
iel Behagel, Doctor Johann Jacob Schutz, 
Casper Merian and Francis Daniel Pas- 
torius. The agent was entrusted with 
the care and administration of all their 
estates, and was directed to order the till- 
age of the ground, hire laborers, sell part 
of tiie land, and collect the rents and 
revenues. A sum of money was placed 
in his hands to effect these purposes. 

May 5, 16iS3, another power of attorney 
was given to Pastorius by George Strauss, 
Abraham Hasevoet and Jan Laurens, who 
had l)ecome interested in the purchase. 

The same year Pastorius came to Penn- 
sylvania and laid out tlie town of Ger- 
man town on the land first purchased by 
the German associates. 

The Frankfort Company was organized 
on the ]2th of November, 1686, by an 
agreement which provided for the gov- 
ernment of the company. The full text 
of this instrument may be found in Penn- 
sylvania Colonial Cases, by Hon. Samuel 
W. Pennypacker, LL. D., published by 
Rees Welsii & Company, Philadelphia, 

Pastorius was agent for tlie company 
for seventeen years and a half. The pur- 
chasers in the beginning promised to fol- 
low Pastorius to Pennsylvania. Failing 
to fulfill their promise, he often requested 
them to relieve him of his office. In 
consequence, on the 24th of January, 
1700, the heirs of the original purchasers 
appointed Daniel Falkner, John Kelpius 
and John Jawert joint attorneys to suc- 
ceed Pastorius. They came and took 
possession in August, 1700. 

Kelpius soon resigned, leaving Falkner 
and Jawert to administer the trust. The 
sale and settlement of the land of the 
company so far was confined mainly, if 
not altogether, to the Germantown tract. 



On the 8th of June, 1683, Benjamin 
Furley, of Rotterdam, merchant, was, 
according to an instrument recorded in 
the Recorder of Deeds office, Philadel- 
phia (Book I 3, page 90), attorney of the 
Frankfort Company. By his letter dated 
the 23d of April, 1700, "stile of Holland," 
Benjamin Furley appointed Daniel Falk- 
ner and Justus Falkner ( Daniel's brother) 
his attorneys. [See E4, vol. 7, page 268.] 

In the year 1708 John Henry Sprogel 
appeared upon the scene. He had visited 
the Province in 1700, but returned to 
Germany. Upon his second coming to 
Pennsylvania he represented that he had 
bought the company's property of Ger- 
hard Van Mastricht and the rest, and that 
the French, by whom he was captured on 
his way hither, had taken from him his 
writings. But the doubtful story of the 
deed from the Frankfort Company, and 
the flimsy pretense that he had been de- 
spoiled of it by his French captors, were 
not his only claims to the Manatawny 
tract of the Company's lands. On the 
16th of December, 1708, Daniel Falkner 
conveyed to John Henry Sprogel, for 
£500 current money of Penns^dvania, as 
well as "for other good causes and con- 
siderations him specially moving," the 
tract of land situate in the county of 
Philadelphia, "Beginning at a marked 
hickory standing at the mouth of a small 
gut or run about one hundred and twen- 
ty perches distant from Meanatawney 
creek, from tlience by the several courses 
of the river Schuylkills the several dis- 
tances on the several courses in all amount- 
ing to one thousand two hundred and 
eighty-eight perches to a marked corner 
tree standing by the side of a rocky run 
falling into the said river, from thence, 
by a line of marked trees and vacant 
land, northeast three thousand eight hun- 
dred and sixty perches to a marked hick- 
ory tree, from thence, northwest, by va- 
cant land, nine hundred and forty perches 
to a post standing near a marked hickory, 
from thence, west fifty degrees south, by 
other of my lands, four thousand three 
hundred and sixty perches, to the first- 
mentioned hickory, containing about 
twenty-two thousand and three hundred 

and seventy-seven acres, together with 
small isles and islands in the said river 
Schuylkill fronting the said tract." 

Having now nominal title to the Frank- 
fort Company's land, Sprogel was desirous 
of having legal possession. He secured 
the services of Daniel Lloyd, a lawyer. 
"Lloyd suggested an action of ejectment," 
says Judge Pennypacker, "based upon 
the claim of Sprogel, and in which there 
could be a recovery by arrangement with 
Falkner acting as attorney for the Com- 
pany, and it is asserted by Pastorius that 
it was carried to judgment without notice 
to him, Jawert, or any one else interested 
in behalf of the Company." 

Suit was brought, in a test case con- 
trived by Lloyd, against the owners in 
Germany, and the Court, on the 13th 
day of January, 1708-9, gave judgment 
against the defendants. 

"On the 31st day of the month called 
January in the seventh year of the reign 
of Queen Anne over Great Britain, Anno 
Domini 1708, Nathan Stansbury, one of 
the Justices of the Peace of the city and 
county of Philadelphia, certifies and re- 
cordeth that on the 3d day of the same 
month Daniel Falkner acknowledged De- 
fore said Justice and Richard Heath, dep- 
uty Recorder of Deeds, a deed" dated 
tlie 16tli of December, 1708, from Daniel 
Falkner, of Germantown, gentleman, to 
John Henry Sprogel, of the same place, 
merchant, for the Manatawny tract of 
22,377 acres. 

Daniel Falkner was faithless to his 
trust. He connived with Sprogel to dis- 
possess his principals of their land in 
Pennsylvania. The case was railroaded 
through the Court. All the lawyers in 
the Province at that time — four in num- 
ber — were retained by the conspirators. 
Pastorius and Jawert, when they heard 
of the judgment given against the Ger- 
man company, made some feeble effort 
to have the judgment reversed, but with- 
out success. "So far as we know," says 
Judge Pennypacker, "the judgment was 
never reversed and Sprogel retained pos- 

The proceedings in the ejectment the 
reader interested in the subject may find 



in full in Judge Pennypacker's Pennsyl- 
vania Colonial Cases. 

From 1683 to 1700, the term of Pastor- 
ius' management of the Frankfort Com- 
pany's possessions, the Germantown tract 
was successfully developed. Nothing 
was done to promote the colonization of 
the Manatawny tract during this period. 
It was not until the 13th of October, 
1701, that the last-named property was 
surveyed ; and it was done at the instance 
of Daniel Falkner and Johannes Jawert, 
who (with Johannes Kelpius) succeeded 
Pastorius as agent. 

No sales of land in the Manatawny 
tract had been made prior to Daniel Falk- 
ner's deed to John Henry Sprogel. This 
is shown by the conveyance of the 22,377- 
acre tract in its entirety. Tiiis accounts 
for the fact, often remarked, that the ti- 
tles in New Hanover and other townships 
of this tract emanate from John Henry 
Sprogel, and not from the Frankfort Com- 
pany or its representatives. 

Sprogel upon coming into possession 
applied himself vigorously to the task of 
selling land in the Manatawny tract, 
and he succeeded in drawing settlers to 
it. What methods he employed to in- 
duce settlers to go so far into the unbroken 
forest is left to conjecture. The fertil- 
ity of the land on the Schuylkill slope 
and the richly- watered bottom land in 
the valley of Swamp creek were strong 
natural inducements to intending set- 
tlers. Daniel Falkner doubtless was em- 
ployed or interested in the sale of the 
lands. The use of his name to designate 
tiie best part of the tract and the similar 
lands above and below the limits of the 
tract — Falkner Schwamm — shows that in 
the minds of the people — immigrants, 
buyers, settlers — Daniel Falkner held a 
conspicuous connection with this great 
real estate operation of that early period. 
Sprogel's name was only applied to a 
small stream, which flows through the 
tract, and which bears it still — Sprogel's 
run. But his ghost still frequented, so 
common report averred, his ill-gotten pos- 
sessions as late as forty-five or fifty years 
ago. The writer of these lines, who was 
born along the southeastern border of, 

but not upon, the Great Tract, recalls that 
once upon a time, at dusk, in summer, as 
several children were playing their final 
games for the day, in close proximity to 
a great hollow oak, a grewsome sound 
issued from the dark depths of the con- 
tiguous forest. One of the startled party 
suddenly exclaimed : "Schproogel's 
schpook ! " — Sprogel's ghost ! — where- 
upon every youngster scampered with 
all possible speed to his home. Does the 
perturbed spirit still frequent the scenes 
of wicked acts done by its mortal owner? 
Columbus discovered the New World, 
but it bears the name of Americus Ves- 
pucius. Sprogel acquired the Frankfort 
Conipany's land, but the common-folk 
gave it the name of Daniel Falkner. Such 
is the fickleness of fate. 

The Trappe's Distinguished Men. 

Judge Pennypacker, in his recent ad- 
dress at Norristown, said : 

There is an ancient and picturesque 
village not far from Norristown, in the 
northern part lof Montgomery county, 
Pennsylvania, whose houses are built 
along each side of a stone pike, which 
contains perhaps five hundred inhabitants 
and is known by the German name of the 
Trappe. In it there lived in the last 
century Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, 
generally known as the founder of the 
Lutheran church in America. Within 
its limits were born Frederick Augustus 
Muhlenberg, President of the First Amer- 
ican Congress under the Constitution ; 
Peter Muhlenberg, Major General in the 
Revolutionary army and United States 
Senator, whose statue Pennsylvania has 
put in the Capitol of Washington, and 
Henry Ernst Muhlenberg, one of the 
earliest and most noted of American 
botanists and litterateurs. Here lived also 
Francis Swaine, another Revolutionary 
General, afterwards Sheriff of this county. 
Here were born Francis R. Shunk, Gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania; "Honest Jacob 
Fry," Auditor General of Pennsylvania, 
and member of Congress ; ^. Gross Fry, 
treasurer of Philadelphia ; and here lived 
State Senators Horace Royer and Lewis 
Royer, and Representative Henry W. 



Kratz. From it emigrated in the last 
century the ancestors of the celebrated 
Todd family, of Kentucky, and the 
Simpsons, the maternal ancestors of Gen- 
eral Grant. I challenge any other com- 
munity of like size in this broad land 
from Maine to Texas, not excluding 
Massachusetts and Virginia, to show that 
it has produced daring tlie same time an 
equal number of men of influence and 
distinction in American aftairs. 

The Judge then showed to the audience, 
from his library, a United States theologi- 
cal work written by Frederick Augustus 
Muhlenberg, while a student at Halle, in 
1769, and Henry P^rnst Muhlenberg's 
copy of Marshall's ArhvMrum Americanuui 
with his autograph additions. 

General Daniel Hiester. 



The events of the fall of 1777 were dis- 
heartening to the bravest spirits of the 
war. Disaster followed disaster. The 
battle at Chadd's Ford, September 11 ; the 
defeat at Paoli, September 21 ; the occu- 
pation of Philadelphia by the British, 
September 26 ; the battle of Germantown, 
October 4 — this is the list of reverses 
which confronted the patriots of Pennsyl- 

Tried men were needed for service in 
the field and in the councils. Men, money, 
clothing, provisions, ammunition had to 
be provided to save the seemingly sinking 
cause. True and faithful supporters of 
the war, men of influence, judgment and 
means, like Daniel Hiester, were called 
upon to assume a multiplicity of important 
and hazardous duties. In this exigency he 
was charged with a series of grave and res- 
ponsible offices, besides the command of his 
battalion of militia. It was of great con- 
sequence that public sentiment be kept 
up to the point of hearty support of the 
Congress during this depressing period ; 
this was made more difficult by the pas- 
sive attitude pi the large and respectable 
body of citizens whose peace principles 
could not fail to affect the wavering. That 
Daniel Hiester was a power in encourag- 

ing the despairing and reviving the hopes 
of the faltering in the Perkiomen Valley, 
there can be no doubt. That the highest 
authorities placed implicit reliance in his 
patriotism, recorded history shows. Octo- 
ber 21, 1777, he was appointed by the 
Supreme Executive Council of Pennsyl- 
vania one of the commissioners for Phil- 
adelphia county to sieze the personal 
effects of traitors. November 8, 1777, he 
was ajipointed one of the commissioners 
to collect clothing. In the printed public 
accounts we find a statement showing 
some of the work performed under the 
last appointment : 

Daniel Heester, Junior, Esq., Dr. 
1779, April 5. To cash received of David 
Rittenhouse, Esq., State Treasurer, 
by order of Council, £18 11 

Contra, Cr. 
1777. By cash paid sundry persons for 
blankets as per appraisement 
certified by William Antes, Esq., 
Sub-Lieutenant of Philadelphia 
County, to whom they were deliv- 
ered, ■ £17 16 
By collecting the 
above blankets 15 

£18 11 

Colonel Hiester's First Battalion was 
called out for military duty twice in 1777 
— in May and in September. There was 
also frequent drilling during the year. 
Those of the men who had religious scru- 
ples against engaging in war were fined 
and paid their fines for failing to comply 
with the military requirements. The fines 
for non-performance of militia duty col- 
lected from the eight classes of the First 
Battalion in 1777 amounted to £9980 12 
and for non-attendance upon days of 
exercise during the same year £752 8 3. 

After the militia had returned to their 
homes, and the Continental army under 
Washington had encamped at Valley 
Forge, Colonel Hiester went to Nova Scotia 
with a view of effecting the release of Jona- 
than Hager, his brother-in-law, who was a 
prisoner at Halifax. Here he was sub- 
jected to close confinement for some con- 
siderable time, but through the interfer- 
ence of the Commander-in-chief, who was 
soon informed of his situation and who 
took the proper measures, he was released. 
He failed to effect the discharge of Hager, 



but by the use of money he succeeded in 
obtaining privileges for Hager, so that he 
"was suffered to go to private lodgings, 
and went to school and was permitted to 
wear such clothes as he pleased, and did 
no military duty more during the stay of 
Daniel Hiester and for some considerable 
time afterwards." During this visit, 
early in 1778, Jonathan Hager gave Dani- 
el Hiester a deed for the fourteen hundred 
acres of land and other properties in and 
about Hagerstown, Maryland, which the 
elder Hager intended to convey. 

On the 6th of May, 1778, Daniel Hiester 
was appointed an Agent for Forfeited 
Estates. This year the militia marched 
as early as April 29, 1778. Only tour 
classes of the First Battalion were called 
to duty. The captains of the companies 
in 1778 were: John Cope, Philip Gable, 
Benjamin AVeaver, John Shive, George 
Egert, Casper Dull, Andrew Campbell 
and John Smith. 

In 1779 they were the same, with the 
exception of the Eighth Company, which 
was commanded by John King, vice John 
Smith. On the 7th of October of this 
year Daniel Hiester, Jr., was chairman of 
the committee of the public accounts of 

In 1780 some of the men of Colonel 

Hiester's Battalion enlisted for seven 

months' service. Their names are given 

in the following list, which apparently 

was made after tlieir return and discharge 
from duty : 

Return of the Seven months' men fur- 
nished by Colonel Daniel Hiester, Jr's, 
Battalion of Philadelphia Co. Militia. 
Peter Dugass, Valentine GrofF, 

Dewalt Young, Tobias Boggs, 

Jost Shott, Andrew Shaffer 

Martin Weidkneght, (since enlisted dur- 
Casper Wetzler, ing the war), 

Killian Keppler, Henry Heineman, 
Jacob Harris, Jacob Weidkneght, 

Peter Hi) legass, Miller (since 

Adam Marckley, enlisted during the 

Mich. Croll,S.L.C.P. 

They were not promptly paid for their 
services. Colonel Hiester wrote the fol- 
If^wing letter on this subject. It is copied 
from the Pennsylvania Archives. 

Upper Salford, Philada. Co., 
January 3d, 1781. 


The distressed situation of our 
Money Matters I hope will apologize for 
Troubling your Excellency with a Small 
Information. Last week I saw Mr. Kach- 
lein, a Sub-Lieutenant of Bucks County, 
he tells me that he has at least £20,000 
now by lum of publick money and has 
already paid upward of £50,000 to Col. 
Hart. Considerable sums I believe are 
in the Hands of some Sub-Lieutenants in 
this County besides what must needs be 
with Lieut. Coats. This Money is to be 
collected for the purpose of making pub- 
lick purchases according to a resolution 
of the last day of the sitting of the Assemb- 
ly, but I mention this of the Sub-Lieu- 
tenants as many Gent, seemed of opinion 
what they had could not be worth attend- 
ing to. 

The seven months men from this part 
of the Country are chiefly come home, 
and I am told are beginning to get uneasy 
about their monthly pay some people are 
fearing the Companies wo'd also have to 
pay them that, which would be attended 
with great trouble and discontent — would 
therefore beg leave to suggest whether it 
would not be well if Council was to direct 
the Lieutenants to pay this to prevent the 
Clamour of these people which will doubt- » 
less Injure the recruiting service. 

I am with High Esteem, 

your Excellency's most Obet. 
and most Hbble Sert, 

Dan. Heister, Jr. 

His Excellency Joseph Reed,Esqr.,. 
President of Council Philadelphia. 

Many delic-ate and perplexing questions 
grew out of the position of the large num- 
ber of non-resistants in the community. 
A very curious one was handled in a judi- 
cious and diplomatic way by Colonel 
Hiester in the following letter : 

Letter to Dr. Joseph Gardner, 
Member of Council. 

Skippack Township, 
Oct. 4th, 1781. 
Sir: — The bearer hereof, Mr. Henry 
Funck, is going to Council with a com- 
plaint respecting a Demand of Substitute 
Fines made on him by Frederick Limback, 
Esqr., one of the Sub-Lieuts of Northamp- 
ton County. The complaint, I confess, 
appears to me of a new Kind and Mr. 
Funck states it thus, that he (Mr. Funck) 
is a preacher and has been so for many 
years among the people called Menonists, 
but having taken the test of the State and 
done a great deal of Business for the pub- 
lick in the purchasing and milling way, 
was read out of that society ; and as he is 
not now acknowledged a preacher by the 
Body of the society, Mr. Limback says he 



can not consider himself such, and con- 
sequently Fines him for neglect of duty 
in the militia, altho' lie favors many non- 
juror preachers of the same people. Mr. 
Funck can inform you more particularly 
of the circumstances, but this I know- 
that he and his brother Christian Funck 
(a remarkably strong whig) are preacliing 
to the few well afiected of that society ; 
that he is a man of good character, (so 
think there is no reason of reading him 
out of the society, but his attachment to 
the cause of this country,) and tliat he 
has done much publick Business. Upon 
the whole, I tliink it a new Doctrine that 
a man sho'd be unprivileged because he 
is disowned by a people for his complying 
with the Laws of his country, and beg 
you will be Kind enough, if you find his 
complaint reasonable, to see him justice 
done as far as possible 

lam, with real Esteem, Sir, 

Your very H'bl, 
Dan'l Hiester, Jr. 

(To be Continued.) 

Folk=Names of Places in the Perki= 
omen Valley. 


The linguistic origin and the meaning 
of this name, which is locally applied to 
one of the valleys tributary to the Perki- 
omen, is at once apparent. The term is 
expressive both of the fertile nature of 
the soil and of the staple product which 
have characterized the valley from the 
time of the early settlers to tlie present. 
The sound of Butterthal, or Butter Val- 
ley, forcibly reminds one of tlie cliarming 
terms in which fair Canaan of old was 
described to its intended settlers — "a 
land flowing with milk and honey," and 
the vale which has been thus named is 
one of the most charming spots in this 
modern "land of promise," to which so 
many of God's faithful ones have been 
led, out of the Egypt of European bigotry 
and oppression. 

As a rule such folk-names are not 
strictly defined in the extent of territory 
to which they are applied. So we find 
that Butterthal varies much in size in 
the minds of different persons. But the 
inquirer for definite information soon finds 
the locality to which the name belongs 
by common consent limited down to the 
narrow valley drained by a certain creek 

which empties into the Perkiomen close 
to where the latter crosses the Berks 
county line into Montgomery. From this 
point the valley extends westward across 
the southern corner of Hereford township 
and some distance into Washington 
township to the head waters of the little 
stream, a total length of less than two 
miles. The land lying in this valley 
belongs at present to thirteen different 
farms, besides including some smaller 
lots and the little village of Clayton. The 
name of this village is found on Uncle 
Sam's postal chart as the post-office of 
this valley. 

Tlie nature of the soil for the most part 
is indicated by the limekilns which 
formerly dotted the valley. One of these 
is still in active operation and furnishes 
lime for the farms around. 

The creek furnishes water power for 
one mill, which from early times has been 
a faithful accessory to the farms of the 
valley and surrounding territory, prepar- 
ing flour for man and chops for beast. 
Several of the farmers, too, have harness- 
ed the water in its course to turn machin- 
ery for their individual use. 

The advent of creameries into this 
section of the country could, of course, 
not miss Butterthal, and the Clayton or 
Butter Valley creamery is one of .the 
largest of its kind, converting into butter 
the copious flow of milk from the valley 
and from the surrounding country. 

It will thus be seen that the industries 
of the valley are all adjuncts of the farm , 
and the valley is in all respects what its 
popular name indicates, a valley of dairies. 

The history of the settlement of this 
valley is similar to that of all this section, 
as we may illustrate by the record of an 
old deed now in the possession of Joseph 
Moyer, from which we gather the follow- 
ing : In the year 1695 William ' Penn 
granted to Henry Tompson, of West- 
minister, in the County of Middlesex, 
vintner, for the consideration of twenty 
pounds and an annual quitrent, 600 acres 
of land, clear of Indian encumbrances, to 
lie between the Susquehanna and Dela- 
ware rivers. Before his death Tompson 
willed this land to his children, Henry, 



John and Elizabeth. Henry died in his 
minority and John sold his share to his 
sister, now the wife of Humphrey Hill. 
The Hills having thus become entitled to 
the tract ot GOO acres, the Surveyor 
General of the Province, Jacob Taylor, 
by virtue and in pursuance of a warrant 
from Richard Hill, James Logan and 
Robert Assheton, Esq., the then com- 
missioners of property, in 1725 "surveyed 
and laid out a tract of land intended to 
be and contain 600 acres situated on a 
Branch of the Perkiomen in the county 
of Philadelphia." As thus laid out it is 
described as adjoining on the southeast to 
the land late of George McCall, deceased, 
(Douglass Manor), and on the northeast 
to Haynes! land. It thus included a part 
of the western end or headland of the 
valley under consideration. After Hill's 
death it was conveyed to Thomas Hop- 

Thus far the owners of the land were 
people in London who perhaps had never 
seen it. But Hopkinson now began to 
sell portions of his tract to the German 
immigrants, who were coming into this 
section to establish homes for themselves 
and their posterity. To one Hans Bower 
he sold 215 acres for the consideration of 
100 Pounds Sterling — the land now own- 
ed by Joseph Moyer and Rev. John East. 
Other names mentioned in this deed and 
known to be the names of other pioneer 
settlers in this part of the valley are 
G3orge Scholtz (Schultz), Benedict Strum 
and Francis Latchaw. 

These and the other settlers of the 
"Thai" were Mennonites and Schwenk- 
felders, of which denominations large 
numbers came over about this time at 
the invitation of the Penns to this land 
of religious liberty and peace. The 
character of these peeple — quiet, unas- 
suming, but industrious and thrifty, kind, 
peaceful, charitable, and above all de- 
voutly religious — has always been the 
character of Bntterthal, and though only 
a few of the original names remain among 
the present population of the valley, the 
earlier families have been succeeded for 
the most part by others of the same re- 
ligious persuasions. 

As to how or when the term Butterthal 
first came to be applied to the valley, the 
writer of this has been unable to find 
anything conclusive, and as far as he has 
had opportunity to observe, the name 
has not been i-ecognized in legal docu- 
ments or other writings. Nor has any 
definite name for its little stream of 
water been found. The stream is in- 
dicated on surveyors' drafts, but no 
name is appended. It has several tribu- 
taries, tlie principal of which is the one 
coming down out of the narrow gorge 
sometimes known by the profane appell- 
ation of "Duyvel's Loch," but of late re- 
named, in more decent fashion, Green 

It may be added in conclusion, as a 
point of interest, that in a deed given by 
John Penn to Hans Bower in 1734 for 
another parcel of land in the valley, the 
location of the land is given thus : 
"Situate on a branch of the Perkiomen 
near Cowisioppin." This last name, to- 
gether with Cowissioppin, another spell- 
ing in a later deed for the same tract, may 
be added to Dr. Weiser's list of spellings 
for Goshenhoppen. 

Tobias Schall, of Oley, 


Tobias Schall and wife Magdalene came, 
accompanied by their son George, to 
America in 1748 and settled near Oley, in 
Berks county, Pennsylvania. Their son, 

George Schall, was born in 1735, in 
Middle Shefflentz, in the Palatinate, 
Germany ; was baptized in the Evangel- 
ical Church ; confirmed in the Reformed 
Church in Middle Shefflentz ; married, in 
1757, Catharine Newhard, who was born, 
in 1740, in Whitehall township, North- 
ampton county, Pennsylvania. 

George and Catharine (Newhard) 
Schall had a son, 

George Schall, born near Oley, Decem- 
ber 26, 1768 ; married, November 10, 1789, 
Catharine Eister, of Pike township, Berks 
county. Catharine Eister was born 
August 7, 1768, in Oley ; she died July 10, 

The children of George and Catharine 
(Eister) Schall were : 



David Schall, born June 23, 1790 ; died 
April 5, 1792. 

George Schall, born July 2, 1792 ; died 
September 11, 1820. 

John Schall, born July 24, 1794 ; died 

at Orwigsburg, Pa , August 7, 1860. He 

- married Rebecca Rausch, who was born 

March 4, 1799, and died at Philadelphia 

November 18, 1880. Both are buried at 

Hannah Schall, born March 23, 1797 ; 
married, May 10, 1817, Daniel Jacoby ; 
died at Sumneytown, December 9, 1864. 

Catharine Schall, born May 16, 1799 ; 
married, in July, 1830, Dr. Wm. Herbst, 
at Oley ; died February 27, 1875; buried 
at Reading, Pa. Dr. Wm. Herbst was 
born in Germany February 2, 1804, and 
died at Reading, Pa., December 16, 1880. 

David Schall (2d David), was born at 
Oley, May 25, 1801 ; married Catharine 

; lived many years at Dale Forge, 

Berks county, and died there. Catharine, 
his wife, was born March 5, 1805, and 
died at Dale Forge, August 24, 1873. 

Maria Schall, born April 4, 1803 ; died 
September 3, 1815. 

William Schall, born May ^2, 1805 ; 
died September 5, 1805. 

William Schall (2d William), born 

August 7, 1810 ; married January 3, 1832, 

Caroline Trexler ; died at Norristown, 

Pa., April 19, 1883. Caroline Trexler 

was born at Long Swamp, Berks county. 

May 10, 1811 ; died at Norristown March 
7, 1870. 

Tobias Schall, his son George Schall 
and his grandson George Schall, are 
buried at the Old Hill Church burying 

Albertus Shelley in Dresden. 

Last Fall the young American violinist 
was in the city of Dresden to fill a pro- 
fessional engagement. He was informed 
a few hours before the performance — cjuite 
to his surprise — that prior to making his 
appearance before the public it was ne- 
cessary, in compliance with a local stat- 
ute, that he obtain from the local musical 
authorities a certificate testifying to his 
proficiency. He accordingly at once pass- 
ed a rigid examination, and was given a 
diploma worded thus : 

Konig] Conservatorium 
fi'ir Musik (und Theater) 
zu Dresden. 

Dresden, den 22 Septbr, '94. 


Herr Albertus Shelley unterzog sich 
lieute einer Prufing, welche ergab, das 
derselbe sein Instrument, di6 Violine, 
virtuos beherrscht. Ausser seiner gross- 
en technichen Fertigkeit ist die geistig 
belebte Art seines Vortrags riihmend 
hervorzuhe))en. Sein Repertoir ist das 
jetzt in Kiinstlerconzerten gebriiucliliche. 
Bei seinen Leistungen walten demnache 
hohere Kunstinteressen ob. 

Der director des KiJnigl Conservatori- 
um fiir Musik, 

Prof. Eugen Kranz. 

A free translation of which is : 
Mr. Albertus Shelley has this day un- 
dergone an examination which shows 
that he has the command of a virtuoso of 
his instrument, the violin. Besides his 
great technical skill, the spirited manner 
of his execution is to be honorably men- 
tioned. His repertoire comprises that 
which is customary in artistic concerts. 
His perfor-mances assure still higher ar- 
tistic excellence in the future. 

The Director of the Royal Conserva- 
tory of Music, 

Prop. Eugen Kranz. 

• On the evening of September 22, Mr. 
Shelley played in the hall of the Phil- 
harmonic Society to an audience of sev- 
en thousand persons. Upon rendering 
his first number, Zigeunerweisen by 
Sarasate, a storm of applause came from 
the great audience, and Prof. Kranz — the 
highest musical official in Dresden — came 
to the box of the young artist and salut- 
ed him with a kiss on each cheek, after 
the German fashion. Four times Mr. 
Shelley was called out by the music-lov- 
ing Germans, and through the remainder 
of the program their enthusiasm contin- 
ued unabated. 


Frederick-town, Fredericks township 
and Frederic township were the forms 
often used, about 1740 to 1750, in writing 
Frederick township. 

Maria Kepler, widow of Samuel Kepler, 
died March 15, 1895, aged 90 years 3 
months 26 days. A notice of this aged 
lady appeared on page 112. 

Vol. I. No. 9. MAY, 1895. 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

The PcrkioniGn Region, 

Past and Present. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

p. O. Box 316, Pliiladelpliia. 

In the article The Trappe's Distinguish- 
ed Men, page 124, the words "a United 
States theological work" should read a 
MS. theological work. This amusing error 
grew out of the compositor mistaking 
MS. in the copy for U. S. and his follow- 
ing the general direction to avoid abbre- 

Albertus Shelley's Gold Medal. 

In September, 1893, a competitive ex- 
amination of violinists was held in Paris 
under the. auspices of prominent musical 
officials. About fifty young artists upon 
the instrument entered the contest, among 
them being only one American — Albertus 
Shelley. The terms of the competition 
were : Each performer must select a com- 
position entirely new to him, seven days 
being allowed him for preparation. The 
judges were eight in number, including 
Ambroise Thomas, Paul Viardot, Leonard 
Bati and other Conservatory Professors. 
The rewards of merit were a gold medal 
and a silver medal. 

The result of this artistic test was the 
award of the gold medal to Albertus Shel- 
ley. M. Amable Regnault, the oldest 
Member of the Academie Francaise, con- 
ferred the honor. 

The medal thus proudly earned bears 
the mark of the mint, and is somewhat 
larger than an American Twenty Dollar 
coin. On the obverse in relief is a sheet 
of music crossed by a violin and bow, 
encircled by a wreath of laurel leaves 
intertwining various musical instruments. 
On the reverse is this inscription : 









The medal is attached to a gold ring or- 
namented with oak leaves, through which 
is slipped the French tri-color ribbon. 

Albertus Shelley is of the lineage of 
two early comers to the Perkiomen val- 
ley, although himself a native of Philadel- 
phia. On the one hand he is descended 
from Daniel Hiester, who settled in Sal- 
ford, and on the other from Abraham 
Schelly, who settled in the Great Swamp. 

Grotten Schwamm. 

A friend, who is deeply versed in the 
folk-lore of the Perkiomen, writes us that 
the name of Great Swamp in Bucks 
county was originally written Grotten 
Schwamm. "The numerous toads and 
frogs," he says, "which sing their songs 
and croak their concerts in the spring of 
the year must be the sponsors for the 
whole district." 

The local word grotten, standing for 
the German word kroten (toads), gave 
way, it is averred, to the German word 
gross, meaning great. By the English- 
speaking people, it must be said against 
this theory, the district was designated 
Great Swamp from a very early date, as 
may be seen from the record of payments 
for land published in these pages. 



The Weand Family. 

Freinsheiin, in the Palatinate, was the 
home of several families of the name 
Weand about the beginning of the eigh- 
teenth century. They were members of 
the Reformed church, and the name fre- 
quently occurs in the church record there. 
The name is spelled Wigant, Wygandt, 
and Wiegandt. 

Jost Wigant and Anna Margarethe, his 
wife, had these children : 

Johann Peter, born March 8, 1700. 

Johann Henrich, born January 20,1707. 

Johann Georg, born June 11, 1711. 

Jacob Wygandt and Aima Katharine, 
his wife, had : 

Hans Jakob, born May 16, 1706. 

Johann Wendel, born July 14, 1709. 

Johann Henrich, born February 7,1711. 

Johann Henrich, born August 18, 1712. 

Brasilia, born September 24, 1713. 

Johann Jost, born October 24, 1717. 

Jost Wygandt (Wiegandt), Rathsherr, 
and wife, Katharine Philippine, had : 

Johann Adam, born November 20,1718. 

Elias, born April 6, 1721. 

Johann Henrich, born August 18, 1723. 

Anna Katharine, born May 20, 1726. 

Elisabeth, born May 2, 1729. 

Johann Jost Wiegandt and wife, Anna 
Marie, had : 

Johann Philipp, born November 20, 

Maria Katharina, born November 14, 

Johann Jakob, born July 22, 1725. 


Wendel Weand, born at Freinsheim, 
July 14, 1709, came to Pennsylvania and 
settled in New Goshenhoppen, now Up- 
per Hanover township. He arrived at 
Philadelphia in the ship Mortonhouse, 
and signed the declaration August 19, 
1729. We find in the list of heads of 
families of Pastor Goetschy's Reformed 
congregation at New Goshenhoppen, in 
1731, the name Wendel Wiandt ; and 
again in Pastor Weiss' similar list, for 
1746, Wendel Weyand. His wife was 
Anna Margaretha, youngest daughter of 
Jacob and Sophia Fisher, of New Gosh- 
enhoppen. Their children were : 

Sophia, born June 20, 1736; married 
Jacob Kirrtz. -^ | fT^ . " *> qm-^ • 

Philippina, born February 5, 1738 ; 
married f first) Andrew Beyer, and (sec- 
ond) Henry Frick. 

Jacob, born October 4, 1739. 

Anna Maria, baptized October 4, 1742 ; 
married Andrew Holzhauser. 

Wendel, born October 9, 1745. 

Jost, born September 29, 1747. 

Wendel Wyand, of Philadelphia coun- 
ty, was naturalized at the term of Su- 
preme Court held April 11, 12 and 13, 

July 4, 1775, Wendel Wiant, widower, 
of New Goshenhoppen, and Magdalena 
Datismann, widow, of New Goshenhop- 
pen, were married. 

In the Goshenhoppen Reformed church 
record under date of 1787 is entered the 
death of "old Wendel Wiant, born July 
14, 1709, aged 78. ' ' Thus the Freinsheim 
record of 1709 is confirmed by the Gosh- 
enhoppen record of 1787. 

Wendel Wyant made a will a few years 
before his death. At that time he owned 
a tract of 350 acres of land on Second 
creek, in North Carolina, and two of his 
sons were "in Carolina." 

Philippina Weyand (born February 5, 
1738) and Andrew Beyer were married 
November 7, 1758. Their children, (as 
given in the Genealogical Record of the 
Schwenkfelders) were : Susanna Beyer, 
born August 2, 1759 ; died June 4, 1764. 
Abraham Beyer, born October 8, 1760. 
Jacob Beyer, born February 14, 1762. 
Wendel Beyer, born December 9, 1763 ; 
died December 17, 1779. Daniel Beyer, 
born November 6, 1765. Rosanna Beyer, 
born April 27, 1769. Andrew Beyer. Da- 
vid Beyer. Anna Maria Beyer. Andrew 
Beyer, the husband, died April 19, 1773, 
aged nearly forty years. 


Wendel Weand, born in New Goshen - 
hoppen, October 9, 1745, married Catha- 
rine Weiss, daughter of Erhart and Su- 
sanna Weiss, of Upper Hanover or Marl- 
borough township. Their children were: 

Susanna, born October 17, 1770 ; mar- 
ried John Dimmich. 

Wendel, born August 8, 1772. 



Elisabetlia, born January 20, 1775 ; 
married Philip Lower. 

Johannes Henricus, born August 4, 
1776 ; died December 27, 1776. 

Catliarine, born September 18, 1785 ; 
married, November 29, 1807, John Molir. 

Wendel Weand, II., died April 25> 
1821. Catharine Weiss, his wife, was 
born January 26, 1752, and she died Feb- 
ruary 1, 1830. Both are buried at New 
Goshen hoppen Reformed church, East 


Wendel Weand, born August 8, 1772, 
married Catharine Dotterer, daughter of 
Michael and Catharine (Reiff) Dotterer, 
of Frederick township. Until about the 
year 1819, Wendel Weand lived in Upper 
Hanover township ; he then moved to 
New Hanover township, near New Han- 
over Square. He was a farmer. Novem- 
ber 23, 1846, he died. Catharine Dotter- 
er, his wife, was born August 6, 1778, and 
she died June 29, 1857. They are buried 
at Falkner Swamp Reformed church. 
Their children were : 

George, born December 15, 1804 ; died 
December 22, 1804. 

, son, died in infancy. 

Samuel, born April 10, 1802 ; died Feb- 
ruary 21, 1872. 

John, born September 3, 1803 ; died 
August 12, 1868. 

Earned, born December 10, 1805 ; died 
September 15, 1862. 

Catharine, born March 28, 1809 ; mar- 
ried Isaac Kepner ; died November 12, 

Francis, born August 19, 1811 ; died Oc- 
tober 2, 1877. 

David, born January 3, 1813 ; died May 
12, 1885. 

Sarah, born March 9, 1815 ; married, 
March 5, 1839, Henry Bickel ; died July 
4, 1893. 

Michael. His widow, Matilda Weand, 
resides at Easton, Pa. 

William, born December'3, 1819. 

Hon. Henry K. Weand, of Norristown, 
is a son of Earned Weand and a grand- 
son of Wendel and Catharine (Dotterer) 


Jost Weand, born September 29, 1747, 

son of Wendel and Anna Margaretha 
(Fisher) Weand, married, June 4, 1771, 
Anna Earbara Roeder, daughter of Michael 
Rceder ; died December 9, 1815, and is 
buried in the Reformed churchyard at 
New Goshenhoppen. Their children 
were : 

Susanna, born May 23, 1772. 

Catharina, born August 8, 1773. 

Johannes, borii November 15, 1774, 

Wendel, born July 13, 1776. 

Joh. Henricus, born May 31, 1779. 

Samuel, born September 27, 1781. 

Elizabeth, born July 14, 1783. 

Michael, born May 20, 1785, 


Johann Jost Wygandt, born at Frein- 
sheim October 24, 1717, came to New 
Goshenhoppen. He married Earbara 
. Their children were : 

Jacob. April 17, 1770, Jacobus Wiant, 
son of Jost Wiant, deceased, and Catha- 
rine Schlichter, daughter of John Schlich- 
ter, all of New Goshenhoppen, were mar- 

Jost. July 2, 1775, Jost Wiand, son 
of Jost Wiand, deceased, and Margaretta 
Lang, daughter of Peter Lang, all of Up- 
per Milford, were married, 

Catharine. September 6, 1768, Catha- 
rina, daughter of Jost Wiand, deceased, 
and Daniel Frock, son of Jacob Frock, 
all of New Goshenhoppen, were married. 

Wendel, born June 21, 1757. 

Johannes, baptized August 5, 1759, 

Anna Maria, baptized October 7, 1761. 

The date of Jost Wieand's arrival in 
America is not certainly known, but it 
is thought that Johann Jost Weigandt, 
who came in the ship Erotherhood, No- 
vember 3, 1750, was our subject. It is 
a tradition in the family that Jost 
(Joseph) Wieand returned to Germany 
to get his inheritance, but never returned, 
having been lost at sea. This tradition 
is partly corroborated by the advertise- 
ment inserted by him in the German- 
town paper, October 9, 1761, announcing 
his intention to sail about the end of that 
month for Germany. [See page 31.] 


Wendel Wieand, born June 21, 1757, 
son of Jost and Earbara Wygandt, mar- 



ried Christina Hertzog. Their children 
were : 

John, married (first) Ottin- 

ger, and (second) Mrs. Da wees. The 
baptism of two children of John and 
Elizabeth Wiand is recorded in Boehm's 
Reformed church book, viz : Sarah, born 
April 18,1811 ; Josias, born April 25,1814. 

David, born November 21, 1781 ; mar- 
ried, in 1808, Susanna Walter, daughter 
of Philip and Susanna Walter. David 
AVieand died October 7, 1865 ; his wife 
died November 2. 1854, aged 66 years, 9 
months, 8 days. Their children were : 
Charles W., born March 13, 1809 ; Eliza- 
beth, born April 24, 1814 ; married Con- 
rad Meyer ; Maria, born January 5, 1817; 
married Charles Yerger. 

Magdalene, married Samuel Freas. 
They had Wendel, born August 31, 1814, 

Maria, married Jacob Edelman. 

Elizabeth, died young. 

Wendel Wieand was born in New Go- 
shenhoppen, and after his father's death 
• was apprenticed to a farmer named Zieg- 
ler in that locality. He afterwards lived 
at Flourtown and was a member of 
Boehm's Reformed church. Later in life 
he Hved in Upper Milford, then North- 
ampton county. A descendant says: "He 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary army, 
when only nineteen years old, and was 
with the expedition sent against the In- 
dians at Wyoming, after the war." 

Christina Hertzog, daughter of Philip 
and Anna Margaretha (Kern) Hertzog, 
was born in Upper Milford township, 
Northampton county, January 15, 1759. 
Wendel Wieand, her husband, died 
March 31, 1822. 

Rev. C. S. Wieand, of Pottstown, Pa., 
is a son of Charles W^ieand (born March 
13, 1809) ; a grandson of David Wieand 
(born November 21, 1781), and a great- 
grandson of Wendel Wieand (born June 
21, 1757). 


Elias Wiegandt (born in Freinsheim, 
April 6, 1721), son of the Rathsherr Jost 
Wiegandt and Katharine Philippine, his 
wife, came to America. 

In the church book of the New Goshen- 
hoppen Reformed congregation are record- 

ed the baptisms of two of his children : 
David, baptized August 17, 1769. 
Anna Maria Elizabeth, baptized March 

13, 1772. 
Elias Wigand died in 1807, aged 86 

years, 5 months. The fact is recorded in 

Falkner Swamp Reformed church book. 

Our Old People. 


daughter of Frederick and Catharine 
(Beitenman) Dellecker, was born in 
Douglass township, Montgomery county, 
September 18, 1812 ; married Jacob Mock, 
son of John and Catharine (Huber) 
Mock. Jacob Mock was born January 1, 
1807 ; died in New Hanover township 
May 5, 1891. Their children are : 

Mary G. Mock, wife of Prof. Henry F. 
Leister, of Phoenixville, Pa. 

Sarah A. Mock, wife of Harry Hoffman. 

Jacob Mock during his lifetime was 
engaged in the manufacture of shoes in 
the Swamp, New Hanover township. 


daughter of Peter and Catharine (Metz) 
Weil, was born in Lower Salford township 
September 14, 1808 ; married, October 11, 

1829, Jacob Klein, son of Jacob and 

(Cassel) Klein. 

Jacob Klein was born January 26, 
1802, and died in December, 1882. 
Their children are: Julia Ann (Mrs. 
Michael A. Kratz) ; Catharine Ann (Mrs. 
Isaac A. Kratz); Sarah Ann (Mrs. Dr. 
Reinhart Keeler), and Jacob W. She 
resides at Spring INIount. 

Epitaphs in Fall<ner Swamp Reform- 
ed Churcliyard. 



Zum Andenken an 

Christina Keyset, 

Ehegattin von 

Jacob Keyser, 

Tochter von 

Carl und Elisabeth 


Geboren December den 15, 

1780, verehelichte sich 

April den lOten 1803, 

Gestorben September den 

15ten 1851. Alter 70 

Jahre und 9 Monate. 



Zum Andenken an 

Jacob Keyser 

Sohn von 

Heinrich u. Elisabeth 


Geboren den 6 December 

1779, verheirathet sich 

mit Christina Neuman 

starb den 29 Juli 1866, 

Alter 8(1 Jahre 7 mo, 

und 23 Tage. 

Ruhet der 
Leib des Verstorbeuen 
Qebohren 1720. Gesto- 
rben d : 30ten NoVember 
1792. Er Zeugten 4 Kin 
der. 1st Alt Word : 72 lahr. 
Text, lesaia 46 vers 4 Ich 
Will Eucb Tragen bis in das alt- 
er, und bis Ihr Grau Werdet. 

ruhen in Gott 

die Gebeine des gewesenen 

Moses Kehl. 

Er wurde gebohren im Monath 

November im Jahr unseres 

Herren 1754. Trat in den Stand 

der heiligen Ehe mit Catharina 

einer gebohrne Spiess, Tochter 

des Anthony Spiess und seiner 

Ehefrau Margaretba und starb 

den 12ten October im Jahr 

1823, seiner alters 68 Jahre 

und 11 Monatha. 

Leichentext, Evangelium S. Matthai 25 Oapitel 

vers 34, Kommet her, ihr Gesegneten raeines 

Vaters, ererbet des Reich, das euch bereitet 
ist von Anbeginn der Welt. 

ruhen in Gott 

die Gebeine der gewesenen 

Anna Catharina Kehl. 
Tochter des Anthony Spiess 
und seiner Ehefrau Margaretha 
Sie wurde gebohren den 17ten 
August im Jahr unseres Herrn 
1757, verehlichte sich mit 
weiland Moses Kehl aus 
welcher Ehe ein Sohn entspro- 
ssen. Sie starb den 17ten Fe- 
bruary 1825. ihres alters 
67 Jahre und 6 Monatha 
Ihr Leichentext war Prophet Jesaia 
das 57 Capitel vers 2 
Und die richtig vor sich gewandelt haben, 

kommen zum friede, und ruhen in ihren 


memory of 


was born 1789, 

and died June 22, 1866 

aged 67 years 

Soldier of 1812. 

ruhet der Leib 
des verstorbenen 
Michael Kolb, 
Er wurde gebohren den 
13ten November 1744, 
Trat in den Stand der Ehe 
mit Anna Eva Stelwagin, 
den 18ten April 1769, 
zeugte 7 Kinder 3 Soh- 
ne und 4 Tochter er lebte, 
43 Jahr 2 Monathen 
10 Tag in der Ehe, 
Starb November 24, 1826. 
Ist alt worden 82 Jahr 
und 11 Tag. 
Leichentext 1 Buch Mose Ca- 
pitel 35 vers 28 u. 29. 


ruhet der Leib 

der verstorbenen 

Eva Rosina Kolb, 

sie wurde gebohren den 2ten 

February 1743 und lebte 

in der Ehe 43 Jahr 1 Monat 

und 11 Tag mit Michael Kolb, 

starb den 29ten May 1812, 

ihres alters fi9 Jahre 3 

Monath und 28 tage 

Ehr Leichentext Epistel an die Philipper 

dasz Ite Capitel vers 23, 

Ich habe Lust abzuscheiden, und by 

Christo zu seyn, welches auch viel 

besser wiire. 

Zum Andenken an 






Philip Kolb 

Geboren Dec. 18, 1798, 

Starb Oct 1, 1881, 

82 Jahr 11 Monat 

und 13 Tage. 

Ein denkmal 


Johannes Mack, 

Sobn von Georg und 

Ester Mack geboren 

den 31 Marz 


verehelichte sich mit 

Catharina Huber 

den 31 August 


Lebte in der Ehe 29 Jah. 

H Monat u. 22 Tage und 

zeugte 4 Sohne v. 6 Tochter 

Er lebte wittwer 15 J. 4 m. 11 T. 

Starb den 2 Jenner 


Alt 72 Jahr, 9 Monat 

und 2 Tage. 



En denkmal 


Catharina Mack, 

Ehefrau von 

Johannes Mack 



war geboren den 24 



Verehelichte sich mit 

Johannes Mack, 

den 31 August 1806 ; Sie 

Lebte in der Ehe 29 Jahr. 

11 m. u. 22 Tage, und zeugte 

4 Sohne u. 6 Tochter 
Starb den 22 August 


Alt 51 Jahr 5 Monat 

und 26 Tage. 

ruhet der leib des verstorbenen 

Adam Liebengut. 

Er wurde gebohren in Teutsch- 

land zu Elsasz im Jahr 1718, 

und lebte mit Christina seiner 

Ehefrau 60 Jahre in einer 

gesegneten Ehe starb den Iten 

Tag April 1804 seines 

alters ongefahr 86 Jahre. 

• rnhen die Gebeine 

Heinrich Palsgrof 
Er wurde geboren den 14ten 
May 1755, lebte in der 
Ehe mit Maria Huber 57 
Jahr zeugten 8 Kinder 
1 Sohn und 7 Tochter, starb 
den 13ten February, 1838, 
Alt 82 Jahre 9 Monat 
weniger 1 Tag 
[A Revolutionary Soldier] 


ruhen die Gebeine 


Maria Palsgrof, 


des Heinrich Palsgrof 

Sie wurde geboren den 15 

ten August 1758 und 
starb den llten February 
Ihres alters 75 Jahre 

5 Monat und 27 Tage 

ein gebohrne 
Hillegasin, gebohren 
den 15 August 1726 
gestorben den 6 
January 1773 



ist Gestorben den 8den 

Februari Anno 1790 

Und hinderliesz seine 

Ehefrau Catharina und- 

Drey Soehne und 8 

Dochter er Brachte 

Sein gantzes Alder 

Auf 59 lahr 8 Monat 

Und 2 Wochen. 


ruhen die Gebeine 


Carl Neuman 

Er wurde geboren den 9ten 

February im Jahr 


verehelichte sich mit 

Elisabeth Liebenguth, 

starb den 5ten February 


in einem Alter von 81 

Jahre 11 Monate und 

26 Tage. 

ruhen die Gebeine 

Elisabeth Neuman 


des Carl Neuman, 

Sie wurde geboren den 

3ten October 1757 


den 25sten May 1831 

in einem Alter von 73 

Jahre 7 Monate und 

22 Tage. 

(To be Continued.) 

Indian Troubles in 1756. 

In the spring of 1756 the frontier inhab- 
itants in Berks and Northampton counties 
were greatly alarmed by the threatening 
attitude of the Indians. A company of 
volunteers was formed for the protection 
of the endangered districts, and contribu- 
tions were made by the people more safely 
situated for the support of the soldiers. 
It was called the Maxetani and Allemiing- 
ler Freyen Wacht Companie — the Maxa- 
tany and AUemtingle Independent Guard. 
It consisted of twenty-four men, under 
the command of Captain John Hergereder. 
They served thirty-nine days, — from 
April 3 to May 11. The names of these 
soldiers were : 

Johannes Hergereder, Captain 
Casper Schmick, Serg't 



Jacob Tholand 
Georg Bruner 
Fridrich Zirn 
Johannes Klein 
Peter Miinch 
Adam Schnebely 
Conrad Bauer 
Nicolaus Dehof 

David Mussgenug 
Solomon Bacher 
Martin Unangst 
Carl Weinmuller 
Peter Kiem 
George Knir 
Michel Kraul 
Nicolaus Arnhold 

Henrich Schweitzer George Sauselin 
Conrad Frey Johannis N. 

Henrich FuUweiler Stephen Gooss 
George Jorgon 

The captain was paid five shillings per 
day ; the sergeant two shillings six pence ; 
and the privates sixteen pence. Six pence 
per day was allowed for rations, and a 
gill of rum, costing eight pence per quart, 
was served daily to each man. The total 
outlay was £104 11 4, the items being as 
follows, as published in Saur's German- 
town paper December 25 of the same 
year : 

Dem Captain vor 39 Tage zu 5 Schilling £ 9 15 
Vor 20 mann 39 Tage jedem 52 Schilling 

Liihnung 52 o 

Dem Sergeant jeden Tag 2s. 6 4 17 (i 

Vor 2 mannnur3(iTagzu 16Pens des tages 4 16 
Vor 1 mann nur2(>Tag 1 6 8 

V^r Kostgeld jedem 6 Pens des tages 23 15 

Vor jeden ein Tschill Rum des Tages zu 

8p. die Quart 3 19 2 

20 Pfund Pulver zu 2 Schilling das Pfund 2 
84 Pfund Bley zu 6 Pens das Pfund 2 2 

Summa der Unkesten £104 11 4 

To meet this expense, collections were 

made in the spring of 1756, amounting to 

£96 19 10 as officially published. 

Aus dem Tounschip Maxetany £40 11 

Towamensing 10 10 11 

Solford 10 

Francony 7 6 

Hetfield 4 11 

"Worcester 8 3 4 

Upper Solford 7 13 3 

Albany inBerksCo. 8 

Nord Wales (! « lo 

Upper Hanover 14 

Die Summa der Einnahm £96 19 10 
There was a deficiency of £7 11 6, which 
Jacob Levan, who engaged the men, ad- 
vanced. The trustees to receive and dis- 
burse the moneys were Jacob Levan and 
David Schultze. They rendered the above 
accounts, made a statement of the charac- 
ter of the work performed by the Guard, 
and asked for further contributions, on 
the 17th of November, 1756, all of which 
was published in the Germantown paper 
on the 25th of December. They said : 

Also fehlen noch £7 11 6, welche Sum- 
ma Jacob Levan, weil er die Companie 

gedingen, bissher von seinem eigenem 
Geld hat zu setzen miissen, und auch 
verlieren muss, so nicht noch einige 
Freunde etwas beytragen. 

Diese .Wacht Companie ist die obge- 
melte Zeit sorgfiiltig an den Grentzen 
postirrt gewesen, um die Gregend von 
Albany Taunschip in Bercks County, und 
haben biss weilen gestreifft biss in Linn 
Taunschip Northamton County ; sonst 
aber sind sie sonderlich nachtzeit in Theil 
vertheilt gewesen, so dass nur 3 mann in 
einem Hauss postiret waren, damit sie 
einen desto grosern Bezirck bewachen, 
und so viel mehr Lenten dienen konten, 
weil dazumal die Einwohner mit einem 
solchen vorlieb nahmen, und es damit 
wagten, dass sie auf ihren Pliitzen aus- 
hilten und also die Sommer-Frucht aus- 
siihen konten ; als auch ihre Fensen re- 
pariren, woran die Companie auch selbst 
behiilfflich gewesen. 

Jacob Levan 
David Schultze 
als Trusties. 
Maxetany den 17 November 
Anno 1756. 


In March, 1747, Bishop Cammerhoff 
wrote from Bethlehem to Count Zinzen- 
dorf in Europe : "Bro. Ranch and Gott- 
shalk returned from their itinerancy — the 
former preached at Skippack, where 
Christian Weber lives." 

Jacob Nuss, in his will, dated 6th Janu- 
ary, 1743-4, and probated on the 23d day 
of the same month and year, gave £50 to 
"the Lutheran church at the Trap." 

The district named Long Swamp lies in 
Lehigh county, and is named, it is held 
by a competent authority, after the nu- 
merous family of DeLong, who live here, 

there and every where, throughout its 

Our Revolutionary Sires. 


Died, November 24, 1843, in Skippack- 
ville, Jacob Sorver, aged 91. He was a 
Revolutionary soldier. He settled in 
Skippackville about 1803. 


was born in Montgomery (then Philadel- 
phia) county October 7, 1754; was a 
soldier in Captain Weber's company in 
the Revolution ; died January 31, 1848, 
aged ninety-three years, three months 
twenty-four days. 



General Daniel liiester. 


The roster of Colonel Hiester's Battalion 
in the year 1782, now the Fifth of the 
Philadelphia County Militia, as we find 
it in the Pennsylvania Archives, was : 

H 02 CO hrj 4j 

cfQ <!><;:? e 




I I I I I 

!> td hj =-1 =H 
c g^ ? 2, £, 






& 3 ci: 





« W "^ 
W p o 

fp ►© CD 

& O GO 


p 'r) 5 

3 1^ 

CO '^ 

P fD 

-' CD 


SWOQ^^o^ 11 




^- 9 

J ^ 






CD Sr f^ 

o 2 o 

HJ »J O 

°s «^ =^ 


^r- ^ ^ 3 
U O p 

L_| CD LH p" Oj W 

" K2.^Q 

P W iS. ^ U2 s 
«i l2 "^S «■ 3 



i-T o 




W <? 





«H --! 

ffi 2 

^. O W *c- 

,_ri CD CD £0 

3- o 3 — 

p era p 



CD 3 1^ 

£2 S- £. 
'^ 2 S 





3 W 

- I 







In the year 1782 Colonel Hiester was 
promoted to a Brigadier Generalship : * 

In Supreme Executive Council, Phila- 
delphia, Thursday, May 23, 1782, Daniel 
Heister, Jun'r, Esquire, was unanimously 
elected to be aBrigadierGeneral. The com- 
mission of General Heister was ordered to 
be dated on the twenty-seventh instant. 


General Hiester tried by every means 
in his power to obtain the discharge of 
his brother-in-law as a prisoner of the 
British. He made various applications 
at Head Quarters to have something done 
for Mr. Hager. He used money for the 

purpose, but without avail. When in 
Halifax, during the winter of 1777-78, he 
had with him "fifty half Johannesses, 
which he had brought to procure Hager's 
discharge, and tried for it, but could not 
effect it." On the 12th of June, 1778, he 
placed $210 in the hands of Lieutenant 
Stewart, of Hagerstown, to be applied in 
this* way. There is in existence a letter 
of this officer acknowledging the receipt 
of the money, but veiled in terms calcu- 
lated to mislead, obviously to conceal the 
real object intended to be accomplished, 
in case the letter should miscarry. The 
superscription of the letter is : 

Danl. Heister, Jur., Esqr., 

Philada. County, 
and its contents are : 


I Reed your favour of the 12th 
with the inclosed sum of 210 Dollars and 
although I have no Immediate occasion for 
it I will keep til our first meeting, noth- 
ing Could give me more pleasure than to 
see you and Mrs. Heister at your own 
house but I find it not Consistant with 
Col. Hughes's instructions I understand 
our rout is by Carlisle and Reading, if you 
Cannot procure me the Happiness of see- 
ing you at your House by the time we 
proceed as far as reading, you will lay me 
under the greatest obligation if you will 
meet me at the most convenient place be- 
tween Reading and Philada. Messrs. 
Stewart & Campbell with all the other 
gentlemen are sensible of the good Effects 
of your Interposition in their behalf for 
which I beg you will accept of my most 
hearty thanks. 

I am Sir 
your most Obliged Servt 
Hagerstown the \ John Stewart. 

17th June 1778 J 

General Hiester in a written statement, 
speaking of his efforts in behalf of his 
brother-in-law, says: "In the Fall of 
1778, I also put four hundred dollars into 
the hands of Colo. McNutt, who was, as I 
always understood, retained by Congress 
to keep in spirits the Whigs in Nova 
Scotia, who told me his correspondence 
was such that he might get Hager off. 
The Spring following I paid that gentle- 
man two hundred dollars for the same 
purpose, or to pay Mr. Hager the money 
if the bringing off was not practicable. 
About a year or more after this, hear- 



ing that Hager was on Long Island, I 
took a journey to Norwalk, in Connecti- 
cut, and there, and about there, staid 
some days, inquiring among the illicit 
traders, etc., whether I could hear from 
him ; there became acquainted with a 
Mr. Boerum, of Brooklyn Ferry, who 
was also there for the purpose of hearing 
from his family at said Ferry. He 
mentioned that he expected Mrs. Boerum 
and family out, who might probably 
know something of Hager. I afterwards 
wrote several letters to Mr. Boerum, who 
it seems did not receive them ; so I had 
no answer, which occasioned me another 
journey from camp to Fishkill, in York 
State. Both journeys were very hazard- 
ous on account of the refugees and cow 

(To be Continued.) 

Andreas Bernd Daniel Kropp 

Philip Jac'bRothrock filib Gorich 
Henrich Bernhardt Peter Reiff 

Petition for a Road in Salford Town= 

1737, December. — Petition of Gabriel 
Showier and several of the Inhabitants 
of Philadelphia County Sheweth 

That the Petitioner Gabriel Showier 
has lately Erected a Grist Mill and Oil 
Mill in the Township of Salford and has 
no road as yet laid out from the Great 
Road leading to Philadelphia so as to ac- 
commodate them in carrying their Pro- 
duce from the sd Mills to Market. 

Signed by 

Gabriel Showier his o mark 
Joseph Morgan Paulus Herbel 

Joseph Abraham Johan Jacob Weller 
Howel H. Powels John Jones 
Evan Evans John Morgan 

Henry Fry Griffith Ellis 

John William Stroub William Nash 
Robert Ellis Edward Edwards 

Bartholomew Maul John Richley 
William Philips Peter Robbin 

Michel Seider George Howell 

Conrad Krisker Hugh Jones 

Uriah Kemble Andreas Drombohr 

Lerkid Smith Ludwig Zirkel 

Dewall Weiss Henrich . . . 

Michel Burge his m b mark 
Paul Leide Hans Martin Baur 

Gorg Bergstrasser Wiliam Hauck 
Jacob Schmit Hans Reiff 

A Dinner by Baron de Blowitz. 

Shortly before their departure from 
Paris for their professional tour in Amer- 
ica, Miss Mabel Curtis White, the charm- 
ing soprano and distinguished pupil of 
Mme. Artot, and Albertus Shelley, the 
violinist, were entertained by Baron de 
Blowitz, Paris correspondent of the Lon- 
don Times and the most famous of the 
correspondents stationed in the Continen- 
tal capitals. The guests invited were 
twelve in number and were all accom- 
plished musicians. Six nationalities were 

The host resides in elegant quarters on 
the Avenue Henri Martin. He provided 
the kinetoscope and the phonograph for 
the amusement of his friends, and part 
of the evening was spent in musical ren- 
ditions. Three hours were occupied in 
discussing the elaborate dinner. 

F. VON A. Cabeen, of Philadelphia, who 
is devoted to the sport of canoeing, in- 
tends shortly to take a trip over the 
Perkiomen. He indulges in this health- 
ful recreation as a relaxation from the 
exactions of mercantile pursuits. His 
custom is to take an outing of a day or 
two at a time upon the streams near the 
city. It is remarkable how much satis- 
faction and enjoyment may be derived 
from these jaufats ' by the enthusiastic 
lover of aquatic diversions. Mr. Cabeen 
is a gentleman of culture, fluent in con- 
versation, and possessed of a repletion of 
anecdote. He will be delighted to meet 
the fishermen and other frequenters of 
our famous creek, and to hear them 
recount their own adventures and narrate 
the legends which cling to its waters. 

01d=Time News. 

Pennsylvania Gazette, Philadelphia, 
November 7, 1792 : The canal for uniting 
the waters of the Schuylkill and Delaware 
was begun on Tuesday, the 30th ult., near 
Norristown mill. 



Brief Notices of Colonial Families. 


was for many years a useful citizen of 
New Hanover township, following the oc- 
cupation of a scrivener. 

An entry in the Providence (Trappe) 
Lutheran church record states: "Under 
a license bearing date the fourth day of 
April, 1744, were married John Campbell 
and Anna Ball in Philadelphia countj'." 
March 2, 1760, Mr. John Campbell was 
buried in New Hanover. 


In 1734 Benedict Mintz owned fifty 
acres of land in Hanover township. On 
December 7, 1747, he purchased of Ma- 
thias HoUenbach one hundred acres 
thirteen perches, adjoining lands of John 
Bohner, John Eschbach and Christopher 
Whitman, (in possession of John Nice), 
near the New Hanover Lutheran church. 
He was naturalized in 1739. He married 
twice. By his first wife he had a daugh- 
ter, named Johanna Catharine. His 
second wife was Schona Elizabeth Reil, 
widow. Her maiden name was Jost. 
John Benedict Mihitz and Schona Eliz- 
abeth Reil were married September 30, 
1747, in Colebrookdale township. The 
marriage is so recorded in the New Han- 
over Lutheran church record. They had 
one child : 

Benedict Mintz, born September 7, 1748. 

In his reports to Halle, Rev. Mr. Muh- 
lenberg says Benedict Miintz's only 
daughter married Andrew Eschbach by 
the direction of Count Zinzendorf." She 
was his first wife. He was a preacher 
and elder among the people ; poor and 
could not obtain support. He then went 
back to shoemaking, settling, as did his 
father-in-law, six miles from New Han- 
over, in the hills. His young wife soon 
died ; so did her motlier. Benedict 
Muntz married again and came back to 
New Hanover. 

Andrew Eschbach, the young widower, 
married, June 10, 1747, ]\Iaria Bossert, 
Her father was a New-born. She was 
the eldest daughter. , 

Benedict Mintz died after a nine days' 
illness in September, 1764, and was bur- 
ied on the 18th. 

Schona Elizabeth Mintz died in Octo- 
ber, 1766. She had by her first husband 
a son, named John Nicholas Reil. 

Andrew Eschbach and Johanna Cath- 
arine Mintz had four children : Maria, 
Margaret, Johanna, Andrew. 

To mark the grave of Benedict Mintz 
in the New Hanover Lutheran church- 
yard a stone has been placed, bearing 
these words : 

Hier ruht der Leib des 



welcher gebohren Anno 

169i den 2ten February 

Gestorben den 16ten 

September. Anno 1764, 

Alt 70 Jahr, 7 Monath 

und 14 Tag. 

Jacob C. Isacks, M. C. from Tennessee. 

At the opening of the Eighteenth Con- 
gress, December 1, 1823, Jacob C. Isacks 
took his seat as a Representative from 
Tennessee. He was a member of the 
House for ten years. 

Mr. Isacks was a native of Montgomery 
county. He was probably one of the 
family who now write their name Isett. 
How he came to migrate to Tennessee we 
do not know ; and inquiry in Tennessee 
has failed to bring any information re- 
garding him. 

Hon. Philip S. Markley, in a letter 
published in 1827, relating to a political 
controversy of that time between Henry 
Clay and James Buelianan, refers to Mr. 
Isaks and says incidentally : "I may here 
be permitted to remark that Mr. Isaks, 
being a nativ'e of Montgomery county, 
(Pa. ), the district I represented in Con- 
gress, he early sought my acquaintance 
in the session of 1823 and 1824, and had 
many conversations with me of a private 
character, in relation to himself, and in 
which I took an interest and to the best 
of my ability and opportunities faithfully 
served. These conversations necessarily 
produced an intimacy and friendship, 
which frequently brought us together, 
and even into habits of free, friendly and 
unreserved conversation." 

On Wednesday evening, February 27, 
1833, Mr. Isacks made a long speech fa- 



voring the Revenue Collection Bill (the 
Enforcing Bill), proposed to meet the con- 
tingency presented by the South Carolina 
Nullification act. He said, in the course 
of his remarks : 

"The ordinance of South Carolina has 
at one sweep pronounced our whole sys- 
tem of revenue laws null and void, and 
declared a conditional secession from the 
Union, and her legislative acts have car- 
ried out the scheme. * * * In the plain 
English definition and common sense 
view of their proceedings, I pronounce 
them to be revolutionary in their charac- 
ter and tendencies. * * * * We cannot 
do less than provide adequate means to 
counteract the progress of nullification, 
if it is persisted in ; and if it is not, so 
much the better ; our act will tlien be in- 

How They Made Millers a Century 

The Millers' Review, of Philadelphia, 
the enterprising organ of the milling 
business of the United States, in a recent 
issue published a fac simile of one of 

Justice of the Peace Michael Croll's 
entries in his docket. Naturally it is one 
pertaining to the miller's trade. It ap- 
peared in plain type in our November 
issue. Through the kindness of the 
management of the Review we are now 
enabled to give the photographic repro- 
duction. The vivacious editor, W. H. 
Richardson, comments on it in this wise : 

Probably the most curious entries in 
the book (and the docket we have before 
us covers the magisterial business from 
April 24, 1787, to November 21, 1795,) 
are the records of indentures. The pho- 
tographic reproduction of one of them 
shows how millers of that generation 
were started in their honorable calling. 
Tiiere can be no doubt but what George 
Henry made a good miller after serving 
fourteen years with Michael Hartman, 
and that he prospered under the advan- 
tages set forth in the indenture. As the 
"trade of a miller" in those days com- 
prised a very liberal education in the art 
of carrying heavy bags of grain or feed 
up and down stairs in the primitive 
establishment of the times, it is to be 
hoped that George Henry, in his hours 
of meditation over the religious duties 
provided for, had a deep sense of his op- 


/ ■ 
/7 y ;^ .^-0> .■• , 



Payments for Land by Original Purchasers in the Perkiomen Country. 

January 20, 1735-6. 
January 20, 1735-6. 
February 24, 1735-6. 

Imo 1, 1735-6. ' 

Irao 6, 173-5-6. 

Imo 12, 1735-6. 

Imo 13. 1735-6. 

2mo 9, 1735-6. 

2mo 10, 1735-6. 

12mo 24, 1735-6. 

March 10, 17^5-6. 

(Continued from No. 8.) 

Henry Laur 

reed of him in part for land onParkeawmg 

Felton Gratz 

reed of him in full 

Lodwick Inglehort 

reed of him Quitrent for 200 acres in 
Fredericks Townsp in full £0 13 

Peter Peters' 

reed of him Quitrent for 500 as in Limer- 
ick 35 yrs in full £8 15 

Wm. Jemmison 

reed of him Quitrent for 250 as Great 
Swamp 20 yr in full £2 10 

Wm. Woodley 

reed of him Quitrent for 150 as in Limer- 
ick 35 yrs in full £2 12 6 

Michael Zeigler 

reed of him Quitrent for 550 as Bebbers 
Tp & Cons. 3 yrs in full £0 16 

Wm. Frey 

reed of him Quitrent for 200 as in freder- 
icks Townsp 16 yr in full £1 12 

Morris Morris : 

reed of him for Quitrents 400 acres in the 
Great Swamp 22 yrs in full £4 8 

George Shultz 

reed of him in full for 150 acres near 
Cowissehoppin £23 5 

for 17 months Interest due 
on Do 1 18 6 

£ 15 10 

11 4 6 

19 6 

13 2 6 

.3 15 

3 18 9 

14 9 

2 8 

6 12 

Hans Reif 

reed of him in full for 56 as in Salford 
Township £8 13 6 

for the Intst due on the same 
13 mo 11 

April 21, 1736. 

November 9, 1738. 

November 18, 1738. ^ 

November 22, 1738. 
November 29, 1738. 
December 6, 1738. 

Dec. 7 
Dec. 27 
Dec. 13 

John Lukin 

reed of him Quitrent for 275 as in Towa- 
mensing 32 yrs in full £0 9 

John Nicholas Inglehort 

reed of him in part for land in Fredk 

Henry Deweese Dr to Accot of land £ 

for As in Springfield Mr 

Henry Deweese, reced of him in part 
Martin Funk, reed of him further 
To Jolin Oyster, reced of him further 

Jacob Fisher 

reced of his Son Hermn further by C. 

Cash Dr to Accot of Quit Rent 

reced of George Mifflin & Co for 250 as in 
Colebrookdale 4 years in full £ 2 1 8 

of Evan Thomas for 106 as in Hill- 
town 2 yrs in full 8 4 
of Robert Jones for 30 as in Skep- 
peck 3 yrs in full 3 9 

25 i 6 

9 4 6 

13 6 

2 10 















December 27, 1738. 

December 27, 1738. 

December 28, 1738. 
January 3, 1738-9. 

Evan Thomas of Bucks Co Dr for 106 as in 
Hill Town £16 8 6 

Interest 16 

January 6, 1738-9. 
January 9, 1738-9. 

January 9, 1738-9. 

January 11, 1738-9. 

January 13, 1738-9. 

January 16, 1738-9. 
January 17, 1738-9. 

Feb 2, 1738-9 

Feb. 7 
Feb. 19 
Feb. 20 
Feb. 21 
December 7, 1738. 

Abraham Miller Dr. 

for as Land in ye great Swamp @ 35 p ct 

reced of him in part 
Isaac Klein Drfor ISOasatnewCowessehoppin 

reced of him in part 

Thomas Roberts Dr 
for 115 as 105 ps in Milford Townp Bucks 
Co £17 IS 6 

for the Interest due on ye same 4 6 

reed of him in full 

Henry Deweese 

reed of him in part 

Jacob Free 

reed of him in part for land in Freder- 
ick Townp 

Jacob Fisher 

reed of his Son Herman by Christian 

John Oyster 

acct of Interest £5 4 4 due on a settle- 
ment reced of him in full 

Robert Jones Dr to Sundry Accounts 
£26 18 6, vizt 
To Accot of Land for 30 acres at Skeppeck 
To ditto for 102 as 113 ps ditto 
To Account of Interest due on a settlement 
with him 

John Steinbough Dr to Accot of Land 

£ for as in Frederick Tp 

Cash Dr to John Steinbough 
reed of him in part 

Jacob Whistle 

paid on account of Land near the branch 
of Parkeawm 

Received Quit-rents as follows 

of George Philip Totherah 

for 100 as in Fredericks Tp 

4iyrs in full £0 18 9 

of PeterMull for 50 as inColebrookdale 

1 yr in full 2 . 1 

of John Worral for a tract in Providence 
Townp formy Calverts in part £66 13 4 

of Christian Stouffer for 118 as in Salford 4^ 

yrs in full £1 2 IJ 
of Frederick Altorffor 50 as in Salford 4 yrs in 

full £0 9 4 

George Mifflin, Samuel Mickel & Thos Potts 

Dr to Sundry Accots 
To Accot Land for 250 as 60 ps in Colebrook- 

dale surv'd to John Twind £38 16 

To accot of Interest for 3yrs 3mos & J 

Interest due thereon 7 12 6 

17 14 6 


23 5 


18 3 
18 3 

75 6 3 

2 10 

15 11 

5 9 10 

15 18 



26 18 



3 10 

■ 1 8 U 

.0,3 li 


1 13 2^ 


Cash Dr 
To George Mifflin & Co reced of them in full 

(To be Continued.) 

46 8 6 
46 8 6 



Traveller, Missionary and Author. 

(Continued from No. 8.) 


About fourteen days I was left to myself 
here ; and as I did not often join in the 
common topics of conversation at the con- 
sul's table, which were not always the most 
edifying, I was once attacked by the 
whole company, and asked whether I 
took certain things to be sinful which 
they could practice without the least re- 
morse of conscience. It was the first 
time I was called upon to bear public tes- 
timony.. I therefore prayed to God to 
give me grace that I might answer in an 
appropriate manner and without reserve. 
I then told them plainly that whoever, 
like myself, had been convinced that he 
was by nature a lost and undone sinner, 
and as such had sought and found grace 
and remission of sins through the blood 
of Jesus Christ, could no longer trifle 
with sin ; for the consideration of what 
our Saviour had suffered to release him 
from its dominion, made him abhor ev- 
ery appearance of evil. They all asked, 
"Who can be so pure ? " I replied that 
every one of them might soon be freed 
from the slavery of sin, if he sincerely 
applied for pardon througii the merits of 
Christ's all-sufRcient sacrifice. I men- 
tion this circumstance chiefly, because 
my answer had such an effect on the con- 
sul's chaplain, that upon my arrival in 
Egypt he expressly wrote me, stating his 
mental anxieties and asking for my ad- 
vice. It was he who led the conversation 
when improper language was used. I 
imparted counsel to him, and from that 
time we continued to correspond with 
each other until his death, which hap- 
pened not long after. 

All the inmates of the Consul's house 
were seized at this time with a malignant 
fever, of which few here escaped. I, too, 
was attacked by it on the 7th December, 
and, though in the course of ten days it 
yielded to the remedies which were em- 
ployed, I, notwithstanding, continued 

very ill, especially upon the Christmas 
festival, on which occasion I received 
neither food nor drink, because no one 
thought of me and I was not in a condi- 
tion to procure refreshments. On 27th 
December I had a relapse of the fever, 
but as I learned that a Venetian ship, 
bound for Alexandria, was at anchor in 
the harbor of Limasol, about sixty miles 
from here, I sent a messenger thither to 
see whether I might reach it before its 
departure. The messenger returned on 
1st January, 1770, and at the same time 
the Greek merchant who acted there in 
the capacity of English consul, sent a 
guide to me who was to conduct me to 
Limasol. I was very feeble, but as the 
messenger could not be prevailed upon to 
wait a day longer on my account, I crept 
out of my bed, packed up my goods dur- 
ing my fever paroxysna and sighed to the 
Lord that he would strengthen me for 
the journey. As my guide could only 
speak the Greek, the consul provided me 
with another man who spoke Italian, in 
which language I was enabled to make 
myself sufficiently intelligible. The con- 
sul cautioned me against my guides, assur- 
ing me that they would kill their own 
parents if they could get anything by it. 
I therefore loaded ray pistols before their 
eyes, to show them that I was prepared 
to resist any attack ; nevertheless, all 
my foresight would not have availed me 

had not the Lord taken me under his pro- 

We left Larnica in the evening. I rode 
upon a mule, as did one of my conduct- 
ors ; the other led one of the animals, 
which was loaded with the greater part 
of ray effects. It soon grew quite dark, 
and began to lighten, thunder and rain. 
Not being prepared for such weather in 
the clothing I then wore, I threw the 
cover which lay upon my saddle over my 
head and thus yielded myself with cov- 
ered face to the guidance of my mule. I 
proceeded thus till near midnight, in the 



heavy rain, when, hearing neither of my 
guides, I uncovered my face, but could 
see nothing, except when a flash of hght- 
ning discovered to me that I was on a 
path like a sheep track. In this perplex- 
ity I prayed unto the Lord, and was made 
to feel his consolation. I dismounted 
and unpacked some of my goods and tied 
the mule to a shrub, intending to hunt 
my conductors. I soon discovered, how- 
ever, that this attempt would be in vain. 
I therefore returned to my mule. As I 
approached it, it became frightened, 
broke loose and ran away. I now had no 
other alternative but to remain where I 
was, to await the light of day. After a 
considerable time a man approached me, 
but as he spoke Greek only, in which 
language I could not communicate with 
him, he left me and went his way. When 
I had given up all hope of seeing my 
guides, one of them came, but, alas ! it 
was the one that spoke Greek only, and 
I was unable to learn where the other re- 
mained with my baggage. As I inform- 
ed him by signs that my mule had run 
away and pointed out to him the direct- 
ion it had taken, he permitted me, still 
exceedingly feeble, to mount his beast, 
while he accompanied me on foot, in a 
heavy rain and through a deep mud. He 
soon espied the mule, but it cost him 
much exertion to catch it. We now pro- 
ceeded on our way together until about 
one o'clock, after midnight, when we ar- 
rived at a village. As it was cold, and I 
felt much fatigued, I was very glad to ob- 
tain shelter. It was only a poor hut into 
which we were received ; yet I was glad 
to be able to dry my wet clothes and to 
refresh myself with the food which I car- 
ried with me. As a place of rest, the 
proprietor pointed to a bed, covered with 
a clean white sheet, having for a pillow a 
cloak rolled together, and he gave me an- 
other sheet to cover myself with. Being 
very fatigued, I rejoiced exceedingly to 
find such comforts here. When I lay 
down I found that instead of a bed it was 
only a box ; yet I slept well until day- 

(To be Continued.) 1 i K 

Hillegas Items. 

Among the baptismal records of the 
First Reformed church of Lancaster, re- 
cently published by the Pennsylvania 
German society, I find the baptism of a 
daughter of Conrad and Catharine Hil- 
legas, named Christina, born May 4th, 
and baptized May 21st, 1768. 

* * 

The family, as a rule, were always 
good church people and many of them ac- 
tive, liberal workers, and standard bear- 
ers. Nor have the Bedford county de- 
scendants been behind the Montgomery 
county relatives. "Uncle" Michael Hil- 
legas' hospital home in Buena Vista has 
been for years the "Preachers' Paradise;" 
John P. Reed, Esq., and his brother Ja- 
cob, have for nearly, if not entirely, a 
half century been representative citizens 
and officers of the Reformed church of 
Bedford, while the Hon. William P. 
Schell, a former speaker of the House of 
Representatives and ex-Auditor General 
of Pennsylvania, is a Presbyterian elder 
and President of the Bedford County Bi- 
ble society, and his brother, the old Mex- 
ican war Veteran, Capt. Abraham E. 

Schell, represents the family in Schella- 

* * 

Within recent years a number of the 
Montgomery county freundschaft have 
showed themselves worthy sons of noble 
sires. The brothers Peter and Jacob do- 
nated to the church one thousand dollars 
out of the estate of their brother John, 
who died unmarried. Mahlon, son of 
Charles, was the chief instigator in the 
building of the Reformed St. John chap- 
el, in* East Greenville — a beautiful struct- 
ure, completed only a short time since — 
contributing over three thousand dollars. 
It will be deeded to and under the wing 
of the mother congregation, the New 
Goshenhoppen church. 
* * * 

And last, but not least, we have found 
distinguished descendants of a daughter 
of John Frederick, 1st, (1685-1765). 

Ann Margaret married Matthias Rich- 
ards (Reichert), born January 9, 1719- 



died March 28th, 1775. He was quite 
wealthy and prominent, and was one of 
the building committee of the Swamp 
Lutheran church, about 1750. The living 
representatives of this pair, whom it is a 
pleasure to mention, are : 

Matthias Henry Richards, D. D., a 
gifted poet and an eminent divine of the 
Lutheran church ; professor of English 
Literature in Muhlenberg College, Allen- 
town, Pa. Married, June 14th, 1866, to 
Sarah Maginley McClean, daughter of 
Judge Moses McClean and Hannah Mary 
McConaughy, of Gettysburg, Pa. 

Henry Melchior Muhlenberg Richards, 
who graduated with high honors from 
the U. S. Naval Academy June, 1869, 
having been given his diploma by Gener- 
al U. S. Grant. He was actively engaged 
in connection with the Franco-German 
war, 1870-71 ; the Communistic outbreak, 
1871 ; Carlist Insurrection, 1871 ; revolu- 
tionary outbreak at Panama, 1873 ; sur- 
vey duty in the Pacific. Resigned as 
Lieutenant January 1, 1875. Resides at 
Reading, Pa. Married, December 26, 
1871, to Ella Van Leer (Von Loehr), 
daughter of Branson and Drucilla (Turn- 
er) Van Leer, a lineal descendant of the 
German family Von Loehr and English 
families West and de Gilpin. These gen- 
tlemen are also descendants of Conrad 
Weiser and Henry Melchior Muhlenberg. 
* * * 

The writer would like to have the dates 
of birth, marriage and death of Ann 
Margaret (Hillegas) Richards. 

Michael Reed Minnich. 

Note : Ann Margaret Hillegas was 
born about 1728 ; married Matthias Rich- 
ert about 1748 ; died January 6, 1773, and 
was buried January 8, 1773. Rev. George 
Michael Weiss, of Goshenhoppen Re- 
formed charge, performed the marriage 
ceremony. The children were : 

Christina Richards, born May 6, 1749 ; 
married, November 13, 1770, Peter Fet- 

Elizabeth Richards, born March 29, 
1751 ; married David Burkhardt. 

John Richards, born April 18, 1753. 

George Peter Richards, born July 22, 

Matthias Richards, born February 26, 

Anna Maria Richards, born January 

17, 1762 ; married, June 1, 1779, Freder- 
ick Beiteman. 

Rev. John H. Sechler, D. D. 

The Board of Directors of Ursinus Col- 
lege on the 7th of May, 1895, elected Rev. 
John H. Sechler, D. D., Pastor of First 
Reformed church, of Philadelphia, Act- 
ing Professor of Church History and 
Apologetics. Dr. Sechler's scholarship, 
energy and enthusiasm will greatly aid in 
advancing the interests of the College, 
which under the wise administration of 
President Spangler, is _ being steadily 
strengthened in its equipment for useful- 
ness. The new professor enters upon his 
duties in September, 1895. 


Rev. Chester D. Hartranft, D. D., 
President of the Hartford Theological 
Seminary, is at the head of the School of 
Sociology under the care of the Society 
for Education Extension, of Hartford, 

John . W. Jordan, of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, is preparing for 
the next number of the Society's maga- 
zine a biographical and genealogical 
sketch of Rev. John Bechtel, of German- 
town, who was a worker in the German 
Reformed church and became identified 
with the movement inaugurated in 1741 
for a union of the principal men of 
the German denominations m Pennsyl- 
vania for the furtherance of the Gospel. 

John Markley Hartman, of Mount Airy, 
will visit Germany this summer. He is 
interested in matters of local family his- 
tory and is giving much time to tracing 
the Hartman ancestry to Europe. He 
was the projector of the fine display of the 
Markley Freundschaft at theMontgomery 
County Centennial celebration in 1884. 

Rev. Charles Collins, of Philadelphia, 
is preparing a paper on the Schwenk- 
felders, which he will read at a Monday 
meeting of the Reformed preachers. 

The Scythe=Whetter's Song. 

Der Wetz is gut ! Der Wetz is gut ! 
Der Hinnerscht hot die Betz im Hut ! 

Vol. 1. No. 10. JUNE, 1895. 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

The PcrkioniGn Region, 

Past and Present. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

P. O. Box 316, Philadelphia. 

The Pennsylvania Germans. 


From under valleys, broad and deep, 
Under mine-chambers, dark and vast, 

The lost stream takes its unseen leap 
Into the lofty lake at last. 

There, on the mountain's laureled brow, 

Tliat diadem of waters gleams. 
And gives to grass-grown plains below 

The light and life of mountain streams. 

So, Northward, out of Italy 
Marched Rome's Teutonic conquerors 

Towards an unknown, uncharted sea, 
Beyond as strange, unlighted shores. 

O'erproud to care for or to keep 
The bauble empire they had won. 

They turned them frooi ^le Roman steep 
By Theodoric built upon. 

But when a thousand years of war 

Had wrecked the parceled states and thrones. 
How rose the Teuton stream once more 

Above the feudal pillar stones ! 

Holland to Rome, — light answered light ; 

Between — the cycles' jungle. Moor 
And Hun and Spaniards' cruel might. 

Until the long Dark Age was o'er. 

Moulder and master of Europe's fate. 
Maker of nations where the hearth 

Rests the chief corner of the state, 
Home-lover, bearing 'round the earth 

Live hearth-brands to a land remote, — 
The Teuton with his axe and spade 

The Pennsylvania forests smote, 
Their wilderness a garden made. 



As well he smote at once, for all, 
At the new serfdom, and his plea 

Above the din of slavery's fall 
Rings our first pfean for liberty. 

And while he tended vines and hives, 
And started fairest vales to bloom, 

He cherished the old martyrs' lives, 
And set the press beside the loom. 

If elsewhere man were prey to man, 
And life a war by cunning won, 

Here was wrought out the nobler plan 
By Christ upon the Mount liegun. 

These took no oaths, nor drew the sword, 
But lived in common brotherhood — 

The rich and poor ; the debtor's word 
In lieu of bond and usury stood. 

Doors were not barred nor windows locked ; 

The pulpit was not filled for hire ; 
Nor were the Sabbath teachings mocked 

By walks through moral fen and mire. 

Cease, cease, insistent Saxon tongues. 
Lest in the chants by angels said 

These, these who silent climbed the rungs 
Of sacrifice, be heralded ! 

By fifteen decades act and deed 
Preceded Tolstoi's word ; across 

Twelve hundred years we find the seed 
In march of Goth and Italy's loss. 

All Holland was, all England is 
Rome might be now ; but that is vain : 

We know the Teutons marched, and this — 
That Romelias never risen again. 

For it is not the hour or place 
Or country, clime or circumstance ; 

It is the man, it is the race 
That makes the way for man's advance. 

Libraries Should be Indexed. 

Something must soon be done to make 
easily accessible to students and authors 
the contents of the myriad of publications 
— books, magazines, pamphlets and news- 
papers — going upon the shelves of our 
libraries. We refer particularly to works 
treating upon the allied departments of 
history, biography and genealogy. The 
card catalogues generally in use go a great 
way towards facilitating the finding of 
books where titles and authors are 

known. The Poole Index to the maga- 
zine literature of the present century is a 
wonderful help. 

A great step forward will be the inau- 
guration in the libraries of the historical 
societies of a system of indexing by sub- 
jects. This method is in practice in all 
large business houses and corporations. 
Bankers, merchants, railroad companies, 
manufacturing concerns have it. The 
correspondence received and sent is daily 
indexed by subject. The readiness with 



which references can be made is at once 
apparent. The card system, however, is 
not, so far as our knowledge extends, in 

For library purposes the elasticity of 
the card index is necessary. 

The vastness of the labor and expense 
of indexing a large library will be urged 
as a reason of its impractibility. This is 
not the courageous way to approach a 
difficult problem. 

The true way for the sagacious librarian 
to handle this subject seems to be this : 
Begin the system at once with such 
means as are at hand. Index, at first, 
such new works as come in. Enlarge 
the work, as the means increase, by in- 
dexing volumes on hand before the sys- 
tem was inaugurated. As the advantages 
gained become more and more apparent, 
the money and the talent required will 
be forthcoming, without doubt. The 
institution that thus makes its contents 
readily accessible and available will ful- 
fill the highest functions of a reference 
Hbrary and will confer an incalculable 
benefit upon the world of letters. 

Fortunately, the skilled hands to do 
this work are within easy reach. The 
Drexel Institute is graduating from its 
library department every year a class of 
pupils trained for this special work. 

Canoeing on the Perkiomen. 

Mr. Cabeen has had his initial outing 
on the Perkiomen. He says : I returned 
from a canoe trip over the Perkiomen on 
Sunday, from Salford to the river, and 
was very much impressed with the won- 
derful beauty of the stream, which far 
exceeds anything in this section that I 
have seen. I shall most certainly go 
again at the earliest opportunity possible, 
and take others of my canoe-mates with 
me, so that they may share the great plea- 
sure that they will gain from a trip upon 
the Perkiomen. It is in ordinary water a 
comparatively easy stream to canoe from 
Salford down, the "carries" being short, 
and with a little wading over the shallow 
places just below the breast of the dams 
you reduce the carries to merely lifting 
over the dam-breasts, and in one or two 

places where you follow down head- 
races you have a short carry from the 
mills to the stream. We were most 
kindly treated by all the good inhabi- 
tants of this region with whom we came 
in contact. I strongly commend the trip 
to all artists and lovers of the beautiful, 
and can assure them that I know of no 
stream within a hundred miles of Phila- 
delphia that they can put in one or two 
weeks with more profit and pleasure to 
themselves than on the Perkiomen. 

Evan Evans. 

Evan Evans, of the city of Philadel- 
phia, clerk, purchased of John Henry 
Sprogell, of Manatawny, merchant, and 
Dorothea, his wife, two tracts, part of the 
22377 acres — the Great Tract, viz ; 

July 10 and 11, 1713, by lease and re- 
lease, for £100 lawful silver money of 
America, subject to quit rent to Lord of 
Fee, and to pay 6d per 100 acres per an- 
num, lawful money of Great Britain, to 
John Henry Sprogell, a tract of 600 acres 
more or less, hereafter to be called and 
known as Rhyd y Carw, (the Deer's 
Trail), Beginning at an ash marked for a 
corner on the north side of Neechin 
creek, otherwise called Swamp creek, 
from thence by lines of marked trees 
northeast 400 perches, northwest 240 
perches, southwest 400 perches, and 
southeast 240 perches to the place of be- 

July 29 and 30, 1713, by lease and re- 
lease, for £80 lawful money of America, 
subject to quit rent to the Lord of Fee, 
and to pay 2d per 100 acres yearly lawful 
silver money of Great Britain to John 
Henry Sprogell, a tract of 400 acres, more 
or less, hereafter to be called and known 
by the name of Trefeglwys, (Church 
Town), Beginning at a corner of said 
Evan Evans' other land, from thence 
northeast 100 perches, thence northwest 
320, thence southwest 500 perches, thence 
southeast 80 perches to another cor- 
ner of said Evan Evans' other land, 
thence northeast by the same land 400 
perches, thence southeast 240 perches to 
the plaie of beginning. 



General Daniel liiester. 


He further relates that: "In 1782, 
hearing with certainty that he was in New 
York I went to Elizabeth Town, if pos- 
sible to put him in a way of coming out. 
I there applied to Major Adams, our 
Commissary of Prisoners. He told me 
there was then a Capt. Clark, occasional- 
ly a Flag Captain, in the house, who 
wo'd be a very proper person for the 
purpose, and called him in. I proposed 
to him if he could see Mr. Hager, and 
thou't with the approbation of Mr. Hager, 
they could make their way good, without 
any danger to Hager' s person, I would 
pay him One hundred Guineas (or pounds 
sterling), and for that purpose left my 
obligation in the hands of Mr. Adams." 
"Immediately after the proclamation of 
peace I went to New York, and from 
there wrote a letter to Halifax, engaged 
the payment of all his debts, in conse- 
quence of which he soon returned." 

In the month of May, 1783, Jonathan 
Hager received his discharge as a prison- 
er in the hands of the British. 



. In 1784 General Hiester was elected to 
represent Montgomery county in the 
Supreme Executive Council of the State 
of Pennsylvania. The presentation of 
his credentials is recorded in the proceed- 
ings, thus : 

At the meeting of the Supreme Council 
held Philadelphia, Thursday, October 14, 
1784, a return of the general election in 
and for the county of Montgomery was 
received and read, by which it appeared 
that Daniel Hiester, Esquire, was elected 

June 6, 1785, he was one of the Board 
of Property. 

May 22, 1787, he was elected a commis- 
sioner to examine the Connecticut claims 
to lands in the county of Luzerne, in the 
room of General Muhlenberg. This po- 
sition he resigned July 19, 1787. 


The Hiesters were remarkably success- 

ful in their real estate operations in the 
Colonial times. General Daniel Hiester 
inherited the family predilection for the 
possession of land. 

In the year 1779 he was interested in 
a large transaction in Western land. On 
the 29th of April, of that year, Daniel 
Hiester, Jr., of Upper Salford township, 
was deeded one-twentieth part of two 
large tracts of land on the Quabache 
river, in "the Illinois country," for which 
he paid £2000, Pennsylvania money. 

May 15, 1775, Daniel Hiester, Sr., con- 
veyed by deed poll to Daniel Hiester, Jr., 
a tract of 232 acres 28 perches, with allow- 
ances, in Northumberland county. Feb- 
ruary 6,1793, the latter obtained a patent 
for this tract. Later, in 1813, this title 
was questioned, and found defective. 

He owned the property in and about 
Hagerstown, ( which his father-in-law in- 
tended to give to him,) by deed given in 
the early part of 1778, at Halifax, by 
Jonathan Hager, Jr. 

He owned large tracts of land in Mary- 
land besides the foregoing. In the Neue 
Philadelphische Correspondenz, January 
28, 1783, he offers for rent 4000 acres of 
land in Washington county, Maryland, 
"the town of Hagerstown being located 
thereon." He also offers for sale a valu- 
able grist mill and saw mill, with 260 
acres of land, in Washington county, 
Maryland, and fronting on the Potomac 
river. In the same paper, as adminis- 
trator of the estate of Jonathan Hager, 
Esq., late of Washington county, Mary- 
land, he notifies parties interested that 
he will be in Hagerstown from the 20th 
of February to the 15th of March, 1783. 

He was desirous of renting his Goshen- 
hoppen property at this time, doubtless 
to give closer attention to the larger inter- 
ests elsewhere. In the same paper of 
same date he inserted the following ad- 
vertisement : 

Es ist zu Verlehnen, 

Bey dem Endsbenamten, diejenige Plan- 
tasche auf welcher er jetzt wohnt, mit 
einen grossen bequemen Gerberey ; sie 
liegt in Ober-Solford Taunschip, in Phila- 
delphia Caunty, an der Strasse, welche 
von der Stadt Philadelphia nach Maxe- 
tany und Maguntschy gehet; das Haus 



ist eins von den besten in selbiger Gegend, 
und die Plantasclie in gutem Stande ; sie 
kan den Isten nachsfeen April bezogen 
werden. Wegen der Bedingungen kan 
man sich wie vorgesagt melden. 


We find among his papers the 

original deed poll from Jacob Bishop 

(his brother-in-law) to Daniel Hiester,Jr., 

as follows : 

Know all Men by these presents that I, 
Jacob Bishop, of Lower Milford Township, 
in the County of Bucks, and State 
of Pennsylvania, Yeoman, for a valuable 
consideration unto me in hand paid before 
the sealing and delivery of these presents. 
Do for myself, my heirs, executors and 
administrators, alien, transfer and set 
over, and by these presents have aliened, 
transferred, assigned and set over unto 
Daniel Hiester, the younger, of Upper 
Salford Township, in the County of Phil- 
adelphia, and State, aforesaid. All my 
right, title and interest whatsoever of, in 
and to a Land Warrant for two hundred 
acres of land near or adjoining Little 
Fishing Creek inNorthumberland County, 
in the State aforesaid, which was taken 
out of the Land Office of Pennsylvania by 
the said Daniel Hiester, and bearing date 
the sixth day of December in the year of 
Our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and seventy-four. To have and to hold 
the said Warrant and the land surveyed 
or to be surveyed by virtue and in pur- 
suance of the said warrant, with the ap- 
purtenances unto the said Daniel Hiester, 
his heirs and assigns, to the only proper 
use and behoof of him the said Daniel 
Hiester, his heirs and assigns forever. In 
Witness whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand and seal this twenty-ninth day of 
December, in the year of Our Lord one 
thousand seven hundred and eighty-three. 
Sealed and delivered jacob bishop 

in the presence of us 


Concerning his interest in land in Berks 

county at this date, the details are not 
at hand. 


General Daniel Hiester was elected a 
member of the House of Representa- 
tives of the First Congress under 
our present Constitution. The election 
was held on Wednesday, November 
26, 1788. Eight representatives 

were elected from Pennsylvania. 
Each citizen voted for eight persons. The 
entire delegation, therefore, was voted 

for throughout the State, in the manner 
Congressmen-at-large are now chosen. 

Party lines were not tightly drawn at 
that time. There was, however, some- 
thing of the character of two parties — 
the Federal and anti-Federal. 

The Federalist ticket was nominated at 
Lancaster. It consisted of Thomas Hart- 
ley, of York county ; Henry Wynkoop, 
of Bucks county ; Stephen Chambers, of 
Lancaster county : John Alison, of Frank- 
lin county ; George Clymer, of Philadel- 
phia ; Thomas Scott, of Washington coun- 
ty ; Thomas Fitzsimmons, of Philadel- 
phia,and FrederickAugustus Muhlenberg, 
of Montgomery county. 

A ticket in opposition to the foregoing 
was formed,composed of William Findley, 
Charles Pettit, General William Irvine, 
Robert Whitehill, William Montgomery, 
Blair McClenachan, Daniel Hiester and 
Peter Muhlenberg. This ticket represent- 
ed those who desired amendments to the 

Two full congressional tickets were now 
in the field. A movement was started by 
the Germans for a larger representation of 
their nationality. As a consequence, 
Daniel Hiester and Peter Muhlenberg 
were substituted for Stephen Chambers 
and John Alison by the German voters of 
the Federal ticket. 

The returns of the election did not all 
come in until the 20th of December. But 
the Pennsylvania Gazette, of Decsmber 
17, 1788, was enabled to announce that : 
Hon. Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, of 
Montgomery; Henry Wynkoop, of Bucks ; 
Thomas Hartley, of York ; George Clymer 
and Thomas Fitzsimmons,of Philadelphia; 
Peter Muhlenberg, of Montgomery ; Dan- 
iel Hiester, of Berks, and Thomas Scott, 
of Washington, Esquires, are duly elected 
Representatives of the People of Pennsyl- 
vania in the Congress of the United States. 

William Maclay and Robert Morris 
were the United States Senators from 
Pennsylvania in the First Congress. 

It will be noticed that Daniel Hiester 
is named as of Berks county. When he 
transferred his residence from Old Goshen- 
hoppen in Montgomery county is not 
apparent. In 1783, according to the 



German advertisement quoted, he resided 
on the Upper Salford property. He had 
interests in both counties. His fatlier 
and many of his relatives resided in Berks 
county and they were influential there. 
It may have been a matter of political 
expediency for him to appear before the 
electors of the State as a resident of Berks 
county. Montgomery county had a suffi- 
ciency of Congressional candidates on the 
tickets before the people without General 
Hiester, namely : the brothers, Frederick 
Augustus Muhlenberg and General Peter 
Muhlenberg. Besides, no individual 
could be said to represent a 
particular section, inasmuch as 
the entire eight candidates were voted 
for by the citizens,and consequently every 
member elected was the representative, 
not of a district or county, but of the 
State as a whole. 

An examination of the list of successful 
candidates shows that service in the Revo- 
lutionary war had something to do with 
choice of the people. Daniel Hiester and 
Peter Muhlenberg had both been generals 
in the war, and they were the only per- 
sons on the ticket nominated in opposition 
to the Federal ticket who were elected. 

(To be Continued.) 


Professor Albertus Shelley has returned 
to his home in Paris. On the morning of 
the 1st of June he sailed in the* French 
Line steamer "La Champagne" from 
New York. His short tour in America 
was eminently a success. In due season 
his performances on his chosen instru- 
ment will again be rewarded with the 
inspiring "Bravos ! " and "Hochs ! " from 
audiences of the great capitals, Paris and 

A. L. A. Himmelwright, Civil Engineer, 
has recently become identified in the 
firm of John A. Roebling's Sons Co., the 
world-famous builders of the great bridge 
which spans the East river, between New 
York and Brooklyn. Mr. Himmelwright 
is in charge of the department of fire- 
proof construction in buildings, in New 
York City and State. 

Our Old People. 


of Boyertown, completed his eightieth 
year on the second of March His par- 
ents were Benjamin and Sarah (Feather) 
Yost ; he was born in Pottsgrove town- 
ship. He is of Revolutionary stock, his 
grandfathers on both sides — Philip Yost 
and Isaac Feather — having participated 
in the war of Independence. 


widow of Dr. Jacob Knipe, was the 
daughter of David Evans and Ann Grif- 
fith ; was born in Hatfield township 
January 12, 1806. She married Jacob 
Knipe, son of David Knipe and Mary 
Roeder. Dr. Knipe practiced medicine 
for nearly fifty years. They moved into 
the house where the family still resides, 
opposite the Lutheran church. Swamp, 
in March, 1832. Dr. Jacob Knipe was 
born in Gwynedd township September 
12, 1804 ; died August 18, 1883. Their 
children are : David Evans, deceased ; 
Mary A., resides at home; Dr. Francis 
M., deceased; Sarah A. (Mrs. Abraham 
Whitner), deceased; Dr. Jacob 0. ; 
Hannah, deceased; Dr. Septimus A.; 
Rachel A., resides at home ; Conrad 
Miller, deceased. 


In the baptismal record of the Old 
Goshenhoppen Reformed congregation is 
entered the name of Susanna, daughter 
of Wilhelm Panebecker. She was born 
June 9, 1771. Alongside this entry are 
written the words, "Was burned to death 
when the soldiers left, October 3, 1777." 

/ The Roman Catholic church at Bally, 
formerly Churchville, Berks county, was 
built in 1743 by by Rev. Theodore Schnei- 
der, a Jesuit. It was enlarged in 1837 
by Rev. Paul Corvin, a Jesuit. Its name 
is : The Church of the Blessed Sacrament. 

Our parents relate to us stories of the 
days of our grandparents ; but our grand- 
parents themselves are gone, and tell us 
no more what was before them. — Henry 



Payments for Land by Original Purchasers in the Perkiomen Country. 

(Continued from Ko, 9.) 

January 17, 1738-9. 

January 27, 1738-9. 

February 2, 1738-9. 
February 6, 1738-9. 

February 14, 1738-9. 

February 20,- 1738-9. 

February 21, 1738-9. 

February 27, 1738-9. 

February 28, 1738-9. 

Joseph Eberhart 

reed of him in part for 

as in Upper 

John Whiteinan 

reced of Christ Grasshold in part for 
as at Cowessehoppin 

George Philip Totherah 
reced of him in full 

Peter Mull Dr To Sundry Arcots 
To accot of Land for 50as in Colebrook- 
dale Township 

To accot of Interest for the interest on the 
same 8 mos 3 ws 

reced of him in full by Christian Grasshold 

John Mock 

reed of him in part for — — as Land in 
Upper Hanover Philada County 

Peter Roudybush 

reed of him in part for as Land 

near Sawcony 

Baltzer Pyle 

reed of him in part for as Land in 

Upper Milford, Bucks 

Michael Royer 

reed of him in [)art for as at Cow- 


Andreas Overpeck 

reed of him in part for as Sal ford Tj) 

Christian Stouffer 

for 118 as in Salford Township 
' ' Interest due thereon4 yrs 5 mos & 2 ws 

Devalt Makelin 

reced of him in part for 
per Milford 

Frederick Altorff 

as in Up- 

reced of him in full for 50 as in Salfoj-d 
Tp surveyed to Hans Clemer 
for So years Interest due thereon 

George Melchior & Christopher Shultz 
reced of them in full £23 6 
For 145 as | in New Cowessehoppin 
" Interest for near 7 mos due thereon 

Rudolph Trough 

reced of him in part for as in Sal- 
ford Townp 

Andieas Band 

reced of him in part for as in Fran- 




8 9 9 

7 15 

6 8 

8 18 
8 1 8 






18 5 9 

4 17 3 

23 3 


8 13 
1 16 


10 9 


22 12 
" 14 

23 6 

( Conchtsion.) 



Epitaphs in Falkner Swamp Reform- 
ed Churchyard. 



ist gebohren D 22 Ian. 

und gestorben D. 24 April 


sein ganzs alter wahr 

59 lahr 
3 Monath und 3 Tag 

ist gebohren D. 18 Ian, 


und gestorben D. 15 Aug. 


ihr alter wahr 69 lahr. 


ruhen in Qott 

die Gebeine des gewesenen 

Johannes Riegner 

Sohn des Georg Riegner und 

seiner Ehefrau Catharina 

Er wurde gebohren den 27sten 

August 1755 verehlichte sich 

iflit Susanna eine geborne Betz, 

Zeugte 10 Kinder, 7 Sohne und 

3 Tochter und starb den 14ten 

May 1832, nachdem er (14 Enkel 

und 36 Urenkel erlebt, 56 Jahre 

im Stand der heiligen Ehe ver- 

lebt und sein Alter auf 76 

Jahre 8 Monathe und 17 Tage 

gebracht hatte. 

Sein Leichentext, OfFenbarung S. 

Johannes 3 Capitel 11 vers. 

Hier ruhet 

Susanna Riegner, 

geboren Betz 

sie wurde geboren den 5. 

May nS-"), verehelichte 

sich mit 

Johannes Riegner, 

und zeugte 7 Si>hne und 3 

Tochter, sie erlebt 64 Enkel 

und 30 Urenkel, und starb 

den 26 August, 183ii, da 

sie 81 Jahre 3 Monate u. 

21 Tage alt war. 

Text. Offenbarung 14. V. 7 

ruhet dem Lei- 
be nach eine in Gott entschla- 
fene Ehliche Hausz frau 
gebohren den llten lune 176ft 
und gestorben den llten No- 
vember 178!) im Ehestand 
gelebt 5 lahr und 6 Monath 
mit Christoph Schefiy 
ihres alters 29 lahr u: 5 Monat. 

Hier ruhet 

Christoph SchefFy 

Er war geboren den Iten 

May 1757, 

und starb den 17ten May 

1839 alt 82 
Jahr und 16 Tage. 

Text. Psalm 145, V. 1, 2 

[A Revolutionary Soldier] 

von Chr. SchefFy 
seiner zweiten Ehe 
frau Catharina ist ge- 
bohren d. 17ten Tag 
October 1774 und 
starb d 16ten Septem. 
1823 ihr alter 48 lah. 
10 Monat und 19 Tag. 

Born May 15, 1787. 
Died April 10, 1843. 
Aged 55 years lu m 

& 25 days 




wife of 

Philip Roshon . 

Born Jan. 2, 1790 

Died April 28, 1876 

Aged 86 years 3 m. 

& 26 days. 

ruhen die Gebeine 


weiland Achtbaren 

Andreas Schmitt, 

Er erblickte das Licht dieser welt 

im Jahr 1718, den 20sten February 

und starb den 28sten October 1805 

in einem ruhigem alter von 87 Jahre 

8 Monathe und 9 Tage. 

Leichen Text. 1 B : der Konege C. 19. v. 4 

Es ist genug so nimm nun Heir meine 
Seele ich been nicht besser den meine Viiter. 


ruhet in Qott der Leib 


weiland Ehrsamen 

Maria Catharina Schm- 


Sie war geboren im Jahr 1731, 

dtn 2ssten December 

gestorben den 19ten Januari 1805 

alter 76 Jahre 1 Monat u 3 Tage. 

Leichen Text Psalm 119, vers 33 

Zeugte mir Her der Weg deiner 

Rechte, dass ich sie bewahre bis 

ans Ende 


memory of 

Jacob Schneider, Esqr. 

who departed this life 

October the 27the 184U, 

aged 88 years 

and 1 day. 

(To be Continued.) 



The Royer Family. 

John Michael Reyer (Reier,- Reiher, 
Royer), the founder of a numerous Penn- 
sylvania family, wasborninSchwabbach, 
in Wurtemberg, in the year 1686. His 
parents were Joh. Michel and Anna Cath- 
arina Reiher. He married three times : 
First, in the year 170-, Anna Maria See- 
land, daughter of Dietrich and Amalia 
Maria Seeland, of Nuremberg. She died 
in 1742. Second, in the year 1743, Maria 
Catharina Schneider, daughter of Heinrich 
Schneider and Catharina, (maiden name 
Schuler) his wife, of Aschpissen in the 
electorate of the Palatinate. Maria Cath- 
arina Schneider w-as born in 1713 and 
died in 1750. Third, on the 12th of 
September, 1751, Maria Cliristina Hopler, 
a widow, born November 18, 1718, in 
Borna, in the electorate of Saxony. She 
was the daughter of George and Susanna 
Gerlach. She married (first) Johannes 
Christopher Hopler, who died August 18, 
1750, at sea, and was buried there. By 
this marriage she had issue : Joh. Chris- 
tian Hopler, born January 28, 1739 ; Joh. 
Georg Hijpler, born November 17, 1743 ; 
Joh. Gottlieb Hopler, born January 23, 
1748 ; Joh. Henrich Hopler, born Decem- 
ber 11, 1750. She came with her mother 
and parents-in-law to America. 

John Michael Reyer came from Rohr- 
bach in Wurtemberg to America, arriving 
at Philadelphia in the ship Loyal Judith, 
from Rotterdam. In the same vessel 
were his sons, Johann Carl Reyer, aged 
22 years, and Joh. Martin Reier, aged 16 
years. John Michael Reyer's age, ac- 
cording to the ship's list, was 45 years. 
They signed the declaration on the 25th 
of September, 1732. 

John Michael Reyer settled in Upper 
Salford township. He was a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran church. On the 16th 
of April, 1744, he was one of the church 
wardens of the Lutheran congregation of 
Upper Salford township (Old Goshenhop- 
pen) who, with the Reformed church 
officers, bought jointly thirty-eight and a 
quarter acres, in said township, surveyed 
under a warrant of January 12, 1737, for 

the use of the two congregations as a 
church property. 

He died on the 3d of January, 1772. 
He made his will on the 1st of Novem- 
ber, 1771, which was probated on the 1st 
of Fel)ruary, 1772. He named as execu- 
tor Michael Croll, innkeeper, of Upper 
Salford township. 

In Der Wochentliche Pennsylvanische 
Staatsbote, of Tuesday, January 14, 1772, 
printed by Henry Miller, at Philadelphia, 
appeared the following announcement of 
his death : 

Am 3ten dieses monats ist Mr. Michael 
Reyer von Goschehoppen, in Philadelphia 
County, im 86sten Jahr seines alters ges- 
torben. Er war dreymal verheyrathet, 
und mit der ersten frau hatte er 10, mit 
der zweyten 6, und mit der letetern 8 
kinder ; in allem 24 kinder. 

Five days after his death, the follow- 
ing paper was filed with the Register- 
General : 

Philadelphia, January the 8th, 1772 
John Reyer at the Request and on Be- 
half of his Father Charles Reyer who is 
the eldest Son of Michael Reyer late of 
Coshehoppen in the County of Philadel- 
phia Yeoman deceased, enters a Caveat 
against Proving any Writing purporting 
to be the last Will and Testament of the 
sd Michael Reyer deed or against grant- 
ing Letters of Administration on the said 
deceased's Estate untill the said Charles 
Reyer is heard. Johannes Reyer. 

To Benja Chew, Esq. \ 
Register General / 

John Barkey and John Hildebeutel 
made an appraisement of "the goods and 
movable Estate of Hans Michael Rayer 
of Upper Solford Town Ship in Philada 
County of Leat Desseased," on the 12th 
of February, 1772. The inventory 
amounted to £79 18 1. Among the 
items were : 

his Clothes Devised to his Son Michael 

in his will £2 16 

a large Bibel i u 

several other Boocks 12 10 
a Bed and Bedsted Devised To his son 

Michael 15 
12 Pewter Bleads 14 Spoons 3 Dishes 3 

Beason a solt Box Bowranger & Bottel 19 4 

2 old Pewter Tanckerd & a Pewter Bottel 6 3 

a Bellows and tier Tongs 4 6 

a Bee hive with Honv 5 6 

a Iron Buckwheat Pleat 3 9 

the wind mill with four Sivs 1 17 6 
a old Apel Mill 030 

the Almenack 4 

thethivdsof the winter Corn in the ground 8 

a Cack with Liquor 3 4 
a old Copper Still with the Cool Tub and 

a Iron Door 5 
a Cow Devised to the Deceased his 

Daughter Christina 4 



and to the Calfe belonging to the said Cow 17 6 
Bed and Bedstead with all the utensils 

Devised to the widow in his will 9 7 6 

a old Side Sadie & Bridel Devised to her 15 9 

Justice of the Peace Frederick Antes 
filed this statement : 

The following is the goods which the 
widow of the before said Hans Michael 
Rayer approved to Be her goods which 
she Brought to the said Rayer at the time 
when the wher married which she ap- 
proved before me the Subscriber one of 
the Justices of the Peace for the County 
of Philada Febry the 22th 1772 As wit- 
ness my Hand Fdk Antes 
To a Tea Kettle £0 5 6 
To 6 Pewter Pleats & 3 Spoons 8 3 
To a Pewter Bedwarmer 5 9 
To a Pewter Beason 4 
To a Hoste Iron 7 6 
To a gridiron and coal pan 16 
To a spinning wheel 14 
To a Looking glass 3 
To 8 Boocks 16 
To a Silver Spoon 4 6 
To 2 old Casks 9 
To a Taylors gooss 13 
To a old Basked 4 

£2 19 8 
The real estate sold for £790 14 0. The 
executor made his final account Decem- 
ber 18, 1773. The balance to be disposed 
of agreeably to the will was £789 7 8*. 

The names of the twenty-four children 
of John Michael Reyer cannot all be 
ascertained. So far as known they were : 


1. Anna Maria, died young. 

2. Johann Carl, born December 15,1711. 

3. Anna Maria, born December 5, 1712. 

4. Joh. Martin, born January 9, 1716. 

5. Anna Sara, born March 29, 1718. 

6. Anna Catharine, born December 6, 

Of the remaining four there is no record. 


11. Anna Barbara, born in 1745 ; con- 
finned at Old Goshenhoppen Lutheran 
church April 22, 1759, aged 13* years ; 
married (first) Christian Duddarer, and 
(second) Jost Freyer. 

16. George Philip, born in 1750. 

Of the remaining four there is no record. 


22. Susanna, born March 14, 1756. 

23. George Michael, born August 7, 
1758 ; was lame and not able to do any- 

thing ; died July 10, 1777, aged 19 years 
less four weeks. 

24. Maria Christina, born January 25, 
1761 ; March 13, 1775, she chose Henry 
Boyer, of Frederick township, as guardian 
of herself. 

Of the other five we have no record. 


Johann Carl Reyer, born December 15, 

1711, married Elizabeth . He 

lived in Providence township, where he 
owned, at his death, a plantation of one 
hundred and fifty acres of land. He was 
known as Colder Royer and Charles 
Royer. He died October 29, 1780, and 
is buried in the Trappe Lutheran bury- 
ing ground. The words on his gravestone 

are : 

Hier Ruhen die Gebeine 

des Verstorbenen 


ist gestorben den 29ten 

October 1780, ist alt Worden 

66 lahr 9 Monat 3 Wochen 

und 4 Tage. 

There is a discrepancy here as to his 

The plantation was valued at £785, 
gold and silver lawful money of Pennsyl- 
vania, and the widow's dower was 
£15 13 4 yearly. Michael Royer, the 
eldest son, took the plantation. 

The children of Carl and Elizabeth 
Reyer were : 

1. Michael Royer. 

2. George Adam Royer ; born April 16, 
1745 ; baptized (New Hanover Lutheran 
church record) May 26, 1745. On the 
29th of January, 1760, while on his way 
to Philadelphia, he was run over by a 
loaded wagon and killed. He was buried 
January 31. 

3. Elizabeth Royer, married Benjamin 
Kepler ; removed to the State of Virginia. 
They had three children : Hannah Kep- 
ler, John Kepler, Elizabeth Kepler. After 
their mother's death, about the year 
1784, the children came to Montgomery 
county, Pa. 

4. John Royer, born May 19, 1749. 
Elizabeth Royer, widow of Carl Royer, 

died in Providence township, in March, 
The following extracts from the records 



of Philadelphia give particulars as to the 
land owned by Carl Royer : 

September 6, 1735, John Penn, Thomas 
Penn and Richard Penn, the proprietaries 
granted to James Steel two thousand 
acres of land situate on the northeast 
side of the River Schuylkill, adjoining 
the Manor Gilberts, under a yearly quit 
rent of one shilling sterling for every 
hundred acres. 

James Steel in his lifetime sold, but 
did not actually convey, to Colder Royer 
a part of the foregoing tract for £150, of 
which £24 was paid. On the 9th of Jan- 
uary, 1745, the heirs and legatees of 
James Steel (he having died) conveyed 
to Colder Royer, of Providence township, 
in fulfilment of the foregoing bargain, 
one hundred and fifty acres and forty- 
seven perches, situate in Providence 
township, and bounded as follows : Be- 
ginning at a post in a line of land lately 
granted to George Moyer, thence by 
Philip Sitsler's and David Philip's lands 
soutlieast 139 perches to a post, thence by 
Jacob Nutt's land southwest 173 perches 
to a post, thence by lands of Jacob Cough 
and George Burson northwest 1.39 perches 
to a post, thence the lands of Conrad 
Rabell and George Moyer northeast 173 
perches to the place of beginning. 


John Martin Reyer, born January 9, 
1710, settled in Marlborough township. 
He purchased from the proprietaries, Au- 
gust 11, 1760, one hundred and fifty acres 
and one hundred and eleven perches. On 
May 27, 1788, he sold this property to 
George Brey. He was a member of the 
Lutheran church at New Goshenhoppen, 
and was elected an elder of the congrega- 
tion June 28, 1752. His wife's name was 
Anna Maria. Their children were : 

Elias Reyer, born March 8, 1744 ; died 
soon after. 

Magdalena Reyer, born March 23, 
1759 ; died February 14, 1774. 

Abraham Reyer, born April 21, 1761. 

Elizabeth, born June 2, 1763. 

November 3, 1790, Martin Reiher was 
buried, aged 74 years, 9 months, 28 days. 


was probably the son of John Michael 
Reyer, of Upper Salford. The church 
record gives this brief information : 
George Philip, son of John Michael 
Reyer, born in 1750. The gravestone of 
Philip Royer, buried at Falkner Swamp 
Reformed church, says he was born April 

8, 1752, and died August 29, 1813, aged 
61 years, 4 months, 21 days. We have 
not the information at hand to reconcile 
this difference. 

Philip Royer married (first) April 23, 
1778, Christina Margaret Freyer, and 
(second) Margaret Major. 

Christina Margaret Freyer, first wife of 
Philip Royer, was born September 26, 
1756, and died September 3, 1784. She 
is buried at Falkner Swamp Reformed 
church. Margaret Major, his second 
wife, died in Erie county. Pa. 

Children of Philip and Christina Mar- 
garet ( Freyer) Royer were : 

1. Susanna Royer, born April 15, 1779, 
baptized August 1, 1779,and named Eliza- 
beth Susanna ; married George Steinrook. 

2. Catliarine Royer, born January 29, 
1781 ; married, October 11, 1801, John 
George Beiteman ; died May 16, 1821 ; 
buried at New Hanover Lutheran church. 

3. John George Royer, born February 
5, 1783. He lived in Philadelphia. 

4. Henry Royer, born August 31, 1784; 
married, in 1813, Elizabeth Freyer ; died 
December 14, 1855 ; buried at New Han- 
over Lutheran church. 

Children of Philip and Margaret (Ma- 
jor) Royer: 

5. Maria Royer, born April 30, 1787 ; 
married, February 23,1806, Jacob Thomas. 

6. Elizabeth Royer, born September 
25, 1788 ; married, June 29, 1806, Abra- 
ham Niess. 

7. Philip Royer, born May 2, 1791. He 
lived in Philadelphia ; afterwards moved 
to Erie county. Pa. 

8. John Royer, born December 29, 
1792 ; married, January 19, 1823, Sarah 
Christman ; died August 1, 1843. He 
was a member of Captain Freyer's com- 
pany, of New Hanover, in the war of 
1812. He moved to Philadelphia in 1832. 

9. Christiana Royer, born October 25, 
1795 ; died November 10, 1798 ; buried 
at Falkner Swamp Reformed church. 

10. William Royer; married Sarah Groff. 
He lived in Douglass township, Montgom- 
ery county, and was a Justice of the 
Peace for many years. When advanced 
in years he moved to Pottstown, and 
died there. 



11. Sarah Royer ; married, in 1823, 
Samuel Traud, of Berks county. They 
moved to Erie county, Pa. 

12. Jonas Royer,born February 18,1802; 
died March 26, 1833; buried at New 
Hanover Lutheran church. 

13. Margaret Royer, born June 5, 1804. 
Philip Royer, we are told by one of his 

grandsons, w^as in the Revolutionary war. 
He was taken prisoner and confined in 
the prisonship at New York. When 
released, he returned home, bare-headed 
and in rags. He was called out twice 
afterwards to serve in the army. 


son of Carl Reyer, was born May 19, 
1749 ; married, May 29, 1770, Anna Cath- 
arina Apfel ; died October 17, 1788. 
Catharina Apfel was born July 25, 1746, 
and died June 5, 1828. They had nine 
children — eight daughters and one son. 
The son, Joseph Royer, was born Febru- 
ary 6, 1784. In the cemetery of Trappe 
Lutheran church are the graves of John 
Royer and his wife, marked by a stone 
bearing these words : 


Gedachtnisz Der hier 

Ruhenden Gebeine Des 

Weiland Gewesenen 

Johannes Royer, 

und Seiner EheGattin 

Anna Catharina. 

Erwurde Gebohren den 19th 

May A. D. 1749 und Starb 
den 17th October A. D . 1788. 

Sie wurde Gebohren den 

25 July A. D. 1746 und starb 

den 5th June, A. D. 1828. 

Joseph Royer, son of John and Cath- 
arine Royer, married, in 1818, Elizabeth 
Dewees, and died November 9, 1863. He 
was a member of the Legislature and 
Associate Judge of Montgomery county. 
His widow died in September, 1887. They 
are buried at Trappe Lutheran church. 

Our Revolutionary Sires. 


died, in Upper Providence township, on 
Sunday, August 4, 1844, in his 85th year. 


was a captain at the battle of German- 
town, and served also in Canada. He 

died April 7, 1847, aged ninety-three 
years, five months, twenty-eight days. 

Gettysburg and Other Poems, by 
Isaac R. Pennypacker, Philadelphia : 
Porter & Coates, 1890. 

From inquiries occasionally made of 
us, it seems not to be generally known that 
a collection of Mr. Pennypacker's poems 
was issued about five years ago. The 
volume consists of ninety-five pages, and 
contains the following: Gettysburg (pro- 
nounced at the dedication of the Penn- 
sylvania monuments on the battle-field 
of Gettysburg, on September 12, 1889) ; 
Tacey Richardson's Race ; At the Sign of 
the Red Rose ; The Old Church at the 
Trappe ; The Perkioraeu ; Leonard Key- 
ser(sungat the Pennypacker Reunion, 
at Schwenksville, October 4, 1877) ; Ha ! 
Ha ! and Ha ! Ha ! Indeed ! ; In Winter 
Quarters ; The Burying Ground ; A No- 
vember Nocturne ; The Falling of the 
Dew; Becalmed; Good Times; After the 
Proposal ; The Piney. 

Ancient and Historic Landmarks 
in the Lebanon Valley, by P. C. CroU. 
Philadelphia ; Lutheran Publication So- 
ciety. 334 pages, 12mo. 

This work is an account of places and 
things seen in thirty-two imaginary Sat- 
urday excursions led by the author, who 
is a Lutheran clergyman located at Leba- 
non. It is written in the easy, chatty 
style suited to the relation of the inter- 
esting researches made during these 
rambles ; but the importance of giving 
dates and facts has not been overlooked. 
Much historical information is interwoven 
with the narrative. It is illustrated 
with about fifty reproductions of 
photographs of the homesteads 
of the colonial settlers, old churches, 
graveyards, Indian forts and other histor- 
ic landmarks; and many verbatim in- 
scriptions on gravestones and housestones 
are given. It lacks an index. 

Two views are given of the homestead 
of Conrad Weiser, the Colonial Indian 
interpreter. It is located near Womels- 
dorf. Not more than fifty yards from 
the ancient dwelling is the grave of Con- 
rad Weiser, marked by an old-fashioned 
stone, upon which are these words : 



Dieses ist 
die Ruhe Stiitte 
des weyl Ehren 
Geachten M. CON- 
selbige Gebohren 
1696 D. 2 November 
in ASTAET im Amt 
HerreNBerg, in Wit- 
tenberger LANDE. 
Und Qestorben 
1760 D. IS Julius. 
Ist Alt Word en 
64 Jahr 3M. 3W. 6T. 

Brief Notices of Colonial Families. 


As early as the year 1718 Peter Conrad 
owned land in New Hanover township, 
near the present Lutheran church ; the 
tract surveyed April 16, 1718, to Valen- 
tine Geiger adjoined Conrad's land. In 
1734 Peter Conrad was rated for one 
hundred acres in Hanover township. 

Peter Conrad was an officer of the New 
Hanover Lutheran church before the 
arrival of Rev. Henry Melchior Muhlen- 
berg, and was one of the signers, on the 
25th day of December, 1742,' of an agree- 
ment to accept Mr. Muhlenberg as pastor 
of that congregation. 

At the Supreme Court held in Philadel- 
phia, April 12 and 13, 1742, Peter Conrad 
was naturalized. 

He was an officer of the church until 
his deatli. He was buried March 5,1765,in 
his seventy-eighth year. 

The children of Peter Conrad were : 

Peter Conrad, married August 30, 1748, 
Anna Maria Grabiler (his second wife). 

Catharine Conrad, married, May 31, 
1745, John Andrew Yerger, son of Veit 
Jurger, of New Hanover township. 

Jacob Conrad, born about 1733 ; con- 
firmed November 6, 1748, aged fifteen. 

Mary Magdalena Conrad, married, 
August 19, 1746, Adam Miiller, son of 
Michael Miiller, of Tulpehocken. 

John Conrad, married, March 31, 1755, 

Susanna Koliler, daughter of Frederick 

Henry Conrad, confirmed November 5, 
1749, aged thirteen. 

Maria Euphronia Conrad, confirmed 
April 8, 1750, aged thirteen. 

Martin Conrad, confirmed April 17, 
1756, aged fifteen. 

Catharine Conrad, wife of John Andrew 
Yerger, is buried at the New Hanover 

Lutheran church. The 
upon it these words : 

gravestone has 

Hier Ruhet 

Dem Leibe nach die 

Christehe mitschwester nam 

Anna Catharina Jorgern. 

eine gebohrne Conratin. 

Ist geboliren 1731 D 4. Octo, 

1745 D 31 May trat in Ehe 

standi mit Andreas Jorger. 

gehaust 2* iahr 5 mon. 1 tag 

gezeugt 14 Kinder wovon 

noch leben 13 niimlich 8 Sohne 

und 5 JToechter 

Ist gestorben D 2 December 


Ach Gott 

Lass mich an Jeneiu 

Tag auch meine Kinder 

Sehen, dass sie vor dir 

verkljirt zu Deiner 

Rechten stehen 

Auf dass Ich Sagen kan 

Hie bin ich und Die gabe 

die Kinder 
Die ich Liingst von dir 
Mein Gott 
Empfangen babe. 

Fears of an Indian Outbreak in 1757. 

In Saur's Germantown newspaper au 
appeal for contributions was published in 
July, 1757, as follows : 

The frontier inhabitants of Tulpehock- 
en solicit contributions with which to 
employ more guards, because the forts 
are located so far apart and the troops 
in them perform so little service. Per- 
sons willing to do so, may hand their 
contributions to Mr. Otterbein or to Mr. 
Gerock, Laitheran minister, in Lancaster; 
to pastors Muhlenberg and Leidig, in 
Providence and New Hanover; to Dr. 
Abraham Wagner, in Methacton; to Mr. 
Michael Reyer, in Goshenhoppen; to 
Christopher Saur, Sr., in Germantown; 
and to Mr. Handschuh, in Philadelphia. 
These persons may forward the money to 
Col. Conrad Weiser, or Peter Spycker, or 
Mr. Kurtz, as is agreeable to them. Those 
who have been able to cut and store 
their harvest in peace and safety have 
reason to te thankful to God. 

We shall publish in a future number a 
list of all the taxables of New Hanover 
township in 1779, with their occupations, 
the number of acres owned by them, the 
number of horses and cows for which 
they were assessed, and other interesting 
matter. This valuable information has 
been prepared from original documents, 
and has never been published. 



Traveller, Missionary and Author. 

(Continued from yo. it.) 


After we had traveled a little farther, 
we reached the sea coast. Owing to the 
Btorin of the previous night, the sea ran 
high and the waves continually dashed 
against the shore and wet our feet. I was 
therefore unable to dismount from my 
mule in order to warm my feet by walk- 
ing ; and when, towards sunset, our road 
lay upon higher ground I had no strength 
to relieve myself by walking. I was there" 
fore greatly rejoicedwhen,late in the even- 
ing, we arrived at Limosal, at the house of 
the Greek merchant mentioned above, who 
there discharged the duties of English 

1 learned of him that the Italian mule- 
teer who had disappeared had become 
drunk and had suffered the mule to run 
away with my goods. As good luck 
would have it, he reappeared and brought 
everything which I had entrusted to him, 
except a few trifles. 

My host and his family did all in their 
power to make my stay comfortable ; 
the fever, nevertheless, again attacked 
me, and I was apprehensive it might, 
after my recent hardships, prove violent. 
Contrary to my expectations, however, 
it assumed a mild form. 

During my stay at this place, I was 
visited by a Greek bishop, and, some time 
after, by two hermits. My friend re- 
presented them to me as very holy per- 
sons, and assured me if I would permit 
them to make the sign of the cross over 
me, the fever would leave me. I answer- 
ed : "I am in the hands of my God and 
Saviour, and if he thinks proper to cure 
me, he is sufficiently able to do it ; should 
he, however, in his wisdom deem it bet- 
ter for me to be sick, or to end my life, I 
am entirely resigned to his will." My 
host replied : "But every one wishes to 
live as long as possible." To this I an- 
swered : "Life is very uncertain and it is 
therefore the more necessary, in good 
time, to become savingly acquainted with 

the Lord of life and death, and to seek 
and obtain the forgiveness of our sins 
through his merits ; when there is a 
sense of this in the heart of the believer, 
there remains no fear of death, but a 
desire to go to him who has done so much 
for us." The Greek again replied: 
"Whoever has the Lord Jesus Christ 
never dies ; the Turks only die." 
To this I remarked that I did not 
feel myself warranted to decide upon 
the case of the Turks, but that I was 
convinced of this, that every one calling 
himself a Christian had urgent need to 
determine for himself whether Jesus 
dwelt in his heart, whether he was puri- 
fied from his sins through the power of 
the blood of Christ, and whether he loved 
Jesus above all things. 

After this conversation, I desired them 
to retire, but they would not leave me 
until the fever had passed off, remaining 
at my bedside until after midnight. 

On the 8th of January, 1770, I set out 
from Limasol, and, after a prosperous 
voyage, arrived safely at Alexandria on 
the 13th. The fever indeed left me during 
the voyage, yet I felt by no means well. 
I hoped the hardships of my journey 
would end here, but the Lord permitted 
my patience to be tried still longer, and 
I was induced to walk more closely with 
Him, since there was no one else from 
whom I could obtain consolation. 

Upon my arrival in Alexandria I soon 
learned that the plague prevailed in some 
parts of the city. The Italian consul, to 
whom the English consul at Cyprus had 
given me letters of recommendation, pro- 
cured for me, at my request, a janizary 
who understood Italian. In company 
with him, on the 16th, I embarked in an 
open boat for Rosetta. The weather 
being rough and cold, we were obliged to 
enter the Bay of Aboukir, and spend the 
night there. As I felt very weak I asked 
my guide if I could not spend the night 
in a house in the village. He earnestly 



dissuaded me from such an attempt, inas- 
much as the inhabitants could not be 
trusted. He covered me well with mat- 
tresses, but the weather being very dis- 
agreeable, I experienced a new attack of 
fever. The following morning in company 
with sixty-five canoes we continued our 

voyage to Rosetta, where we arrived at 

Here my conductor transferred my 
things to a covered boat bound to Cairo. 
Having no letters of recommendation to 
any of the Europeans residing at Rosetta, 
I addressed one inthecrowd, who invited 
me to his house and entertained me with 
such refreshments as are common there, 
and then left me. In the evening, being 
greatly fatigued, I walked out towards 
my boat, where I had my bedding, with 
the intention of spending the night in it. 
Accidentally I met the same person, who 
informed me he had provided lodgings and 
board for me in the convent of the Friaro 
de Terra Santa. These monks showed 
me every possible attention, for which 
may the Lord reward them. At first, 
finding that I was ill, they were appre- 
hensive that I had caught the plague at 

Alexandria, but were soon convinced of 
the contrary. 

Here I had to wait six days before the 
boat sailed for Cairo. My guide had pro- 
vided food abundanth' for the voyage up 
the Nile, which is usually made in from 
three to four, or, at most, six days. How- 
ever, the end of my trials was not yet 
come, for our passage was protracted to 
eighteen days. It often rains very hard 
in Lower Egypt, and this was the case 
now. The deck not being water tight, 
the water penetrated into my cabin. My 
bedding was thoroughly drenched and 
grew mouldy ; while my provisions were 
likewise spoiled by the wet, and at length 
were quite exhausted. I had now to sub- 
sist on the rice bread of the Arabs, which 
was hardly to distinguished from black 

clay. However this meagre diet saved 
me from a new attack of the fever. 

During this passage we had such con- 
trary and boisterous winds that we were 
obliged to lie at anchor for four or five 
days, either in the middle of the river, 
or before miserable villages. 

At length, on the 10th of February, we 
arrived at Bulac, the harbor of Grand 
Cairo, where, as if to complete our mis- 
fortunes, we stranded on a sand bar in 
the middle of the river. I made signs 
and was soon fetched on shore by a boat, 
when I immediately proceeded with my 
conductor to Cairo, and was received by 
the Brethren, Hocker and Danke, in the 
most friendly manner. My soul was 
penetrated and filled with sincere grati- 
tude towards my beloved Lord for the 
gracious protection which he vouchsafed 
to me during my perilous voyage, and for 
the consolations with which he had sus- 
tained me in all my trying circumstances. 
The pleasure which I now felt, in view of 
the fact that I was once more among my 
Brethren, cannot be expressed in words. 
We loved each other like children of one 
family, and amidst the adverse influ- 
ences which surrounded us we lived very 
happily together. I was indeed far from 
being well, for although the fever had 
apparently left me, I felt during the fol- 
lowing summer it had not entirely forsa- 
ken me ; and in October, when the air 
became chilly and frosty, it returned with 
redoubled severity, for I had daily two 
attacks. As this lasted nine weeks, it so 
reduced me that my physician, the broth- 
er of Hocker, and I myself began seriously 
to have doubts of my recovery. It was 
then that the text appointed for the day 
made a salutary impression upon me. It 
reads: Fear not, my beloved ; peace be 
with thee ; be thou comforted, — be thou 

At this time Brother Danke was in 
Upper Egypt on his first visit, and as 
Brother Hocker had to devote much of 
his time to visiting the sick, it happened 
that I was most of the time alone, and 
was poorly attended by an Arab servant. 
My faithful Saviour did not forget me, 
but enable<l me to enjoy His peace in an 
eminent degree. At length, on the 11th 
of November, the fever left me, after hav- 
ing very much reduced me, and on the 
22d of the same month, when I was once 
more permitted to inhale the pure air, 
pay convalesence progressed daily, nor 
was I ever afterwards during my sojourn 



in Egypt seriously sick, and my constitu- 
tion, whicli was by nature very strong, 
suffered no material injury from the 
trials and hardships I had undergone. 

As regards my mission to this country, 
my duties especially required me to make 
myself useful to my Brethren in what- 
ever might be deemed necessary to the 
furtherance of their holy enterprise, and 
to contribute towards their support 
through the means of my mechanical 

It happened to me (I may here state) 
to have the love of my Brethren and the 
friendship of all the Europeans with 
whom I had any intercourse, in Cairo 
and in all the other cities of the country. 
The plague, which upon my arrival in 
Alexandria had prevailed in some parts 
of the city, became more prevalent from 
that time, and even extended its ravages 
to Rosetta, whilst it did not make its ap- 
pearance in Cairo until April, 1771. 
Brother Hocker and myself were obliged 
to confine ourselves to our house while it 
raged in the city, which it did until the 
close of June. Brother Danke was still in 
Upper Egypt, where it had not 
reached. During this time I lived very 
pleasantly with Brother Hocker, and in 
the meetings which we daily held for devo- 
tional purposes we felt ourselves blessed 
and pardoned in the sense Of the nearness 
and peace of our beloved Lord. 

Upon October 6, 1772, Brother Danke, 
who had made numerous visits to the 
Copts in Upper Egypt, terminated his 
earthly career. In him I lost a fellow- 
laborer, with whom I had lived in true 
friendship and spiritual communion, and 
our missionary enterprise generally suf- 
fered through his death a heavy loss. 

In 1773, January 15th, the celebrated 
Mr. Bruce, who, four years before, had 
gone to Abyssinia, returned safe to Cairo. 
As the brethren had been sent to Caii'o, 
chiefly with a view to penetrate into 
Abyssinia, if any prospect should open 
to serve the cause of the Gospel among 
those very depraved nominal Christians, 
the Copts, I immediately waited upon 
him and was kindly received. During 
his stay, I became intimately acquainted 

with him, which gave an opportunity to 
make very minute inquiries about every 
circumstance relating to Abyssinia. From 
his accounts I soon perceived that unless 
very great alterations should take place 
in that country it would be quite impos- 
sible to establish a mission there. 

In the beginning of the year 1773, the 
disorders which prevailed in Cairo were 
so great that Europeans dared not venture 
into the streets without running the risk 
of insults, nay, even maltreatment, from 
the populace. I, too, was doomed to the 
outrage of a flagellation in the streets. 
The occasion of these tumultuous out- 
breaks was mainly attributable to the 
war with Russia, which produced a fer- 
ment among the people ; besides, the 
Bashaws had many misunderstandings 
among themselves, which always had an 
influence upon the populace. 

On the 23d of August I set out upon a 
visit to Behnesse, to renew the friend- 
ship which the late Brother Danke had 
established among the Copts residing in 
that place. At this time the Nile was 
much swollen, and after we had sailed 
for some days upon the main stream, 
where many water craft were met, we 
turned from it over the fields, which were 
then submerged. 

And now my Arabian boatmen showed 
themselves in their true character. As 
often as an opportunity presented itself 
they tried to pass me off, owing to my 
mode of dress, for a Turkish military 
personage, and made use of this deception 
to oppress the country people and to oblige 
the chiefs of the villages to supply their 
crew with the best provisions. As soon 
as I became aware of the trick, I remon- 
strated; but they persisted in it despite 
my threats. Besides this they conferred 
upon me a Turkish name, and I had to 
pass for what the Sheik of village consid- 
ered me to be according to their repre- 
sentations. Being entirely in the power 
of my Arabian conductors, and knowing 
they would not scruple to throw me over- 
board should I use severity, I did not 
contradict them, especially as the Sheik 
did not complain of their conduct. 

[To be Contimied.) 


The PcrkioiDGn Region, 

Vol.1. No. II. JULY, 1895. 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

P. O. Box 316, Philadelphia. 

Past and Present. 

Genealogical Researches Abroad. 

Most of our people of Continental de- 
scent cannot trace their family history 
beyond the arrival of their ancestors on 
these shores. Many cannot go back thus 
far ; particularly, those whose foreparents 
landed prior to the beginning of the reg- 
istration of immigrants at Philadelphia 
in 1727. Indeed, a comparatively small 
number of Pennsylvania families of Ger- 
man, Dutch, Swiss or French origin know 
from what particular town or place they 

The difficulty of obtaining genealogical 
information in Europe is well understood 
by those who have made efforts in this 
direction. It requires the careful, patient 
work of competent persons, and is at- 
tended with considerable expense. 

The growing taste for genealogy, as 
shown by the numerous family reunions 
and the increasing number of works on 
family history, indicates that researches 
beyond the small limits of our two cen- 
turies of Pennsylvania existence are 
needed and will soon be generally de- 

It is the purpose of the editor of The 
Perkiomen Region to visit Europe before 
the close of the present year with the 
view of making researches of genealogi- 
cal and historical character, with reference 
especially to the years embraced in the 
first half of the eighteenth century. It 
is his plan to take ample time to investi- 
gate the subject in Holland, the Palat- 
inate and South Germany. The first 

thing to do will be to look through the 
libraries of some of the larger cities, to 
ascertain what books, newspapers and 
manuscripts they contain bearing upon 
the subject. He intends to stop in some 
of the smaller, out-of-the-way places to 
examine leisurely the church, municipal 
and court records, and to ascertain, if 
possible, what the common people have 
preserved in the way of Bible records 
and correspondence of one hundred and 
fifty years ago and earlier. It is known 
that there was much correspondence be- 
tween the Pennsylvania colonists and 
the Pennsylvania church organizations 
and theii' friends and supporters in Europe ; 
it is hoped that this may be found. A 
lookout will also be kept for local records 
relating to the devastating war waged in 
the latter part of the seventeenth century 
by France against the Protestant States 
of Germany — and which was largely the 
cause of the emigration to Pennsylvania. 
Search will also be made in Rotterdam 
for the accounts of the shipping houses 
who conducted the very important busi- 
ness of forwarding emigrants. 

This is a large subject. It cannot be 
exhausted in a single visit or in a year. 
The most that can be hoped for is that 
an opening may be effected into a field 
now practically closed against us, but 
which will yield rich returns to the his- 
torian and the genealogist of the future. 

Mr. Dotterer while abroad will under- 
take to make special researches for persons 
desiring to trace their ancestry in Europe. 



Our Pioneer Local Historian. 

William J. Buck, author of unineroiis 
works on local history, representing scores 
of years of patient, painstakinj; literary 
labor, is fairly entitled to the distinction 
of being the pioneer explorer of the rich 
fields of local history now occupying the 
attention of many earnest workers. Al- 
though written by Mr. Buck fifteen years 
after the beginning of his researches in 
the direction of local history, biography 
and antiquities, we always regard the 
History of Montgomery County Within 
the Schuylkill Valley, as his earliest pro- 
nounced success. This is due to the fact 
that our knowledge of the author begins 
with its publication. It was the privi- 
lege of the writer, while an apprentice in 
the office of the Norristown Register, to 
put in type a large portion of the manu- 
script of this history, as it was running 
through the weekly issues of that paper 
in 185<S-'59. 

During the early months of 1859 Mr. 
Buck spent a few weeks at the county- 
seat in the discharge of duties pertaining 
to the office of County Auditor, with 
which he liad been entrusted for two 
terms, or six years, by the citizens of the 
county. It was then that an acquaint- 
ance was made, which since has ripened 
into warm friendship, covering in all a 
period of nearly four de' ades. 

In the preparation of the work men- 
tioned, which consists of one hundred 
and • twentv-eight large octavo pages, 
double column, rather closely printed, 
Mr. Buck visited every place and object 
described, making notes on the spot, 
counting the dwellings and other build- 
ings in the several villages and towns ; 
and he searched printed and other 
records, and examined tombstones and 
deeds, for historical facts and exact dates. 
The result is a volume of a vast mass of 
accurate historical, biographical and 
descriptive information, compressed into 
small space, ,un marred by the introduct- 
ion of irrelevant matter. No work of 
local interest has probably been more 
persist(:ntly consulted and copied. In 
the library of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania several copies have been 

worn out by much use. Many writers 
have utilized its contents without credit 
to its author. Mr. Buck looks placidly 
on the depredations of these literary 
marauders, feeling that he has his re- 
ward in the part he has had in develop- 
ing an interest in local history. Copies 
are now rarely offered for sale, and bring 
good prices. At a recent sale his pioneer 
History of Bucks County, published in 
1854, was sold for eight dollars, and his 
earlier History of Moreland at higher 
corresponding rates. 

Appended is a letter which Mr. Buck 
wrote more than thirty years ago in reply 
to a request for family history. It is 
quite a model of its kind. The advice to 
"hunt up old family Bibles, church re- 
cords, gravestones, etc.," has been follow- 
ed in hundreds of instances by the re- 
cipient, who has preserved the letter 
among his valued papers. We cheerfully 
publish the letter : 

Willow Gkove, June 17th, 18P2. 

Mr. Henry S. Dotterer, 

Dear Sir. — I willingly communicate 
wl)at I possess respecting your family. In 
a list of taxables in Phila. co. in 1734, I 
find the following : 

Frederick tp. 
Michael Dotterer, 150 acres, 
George Philip Dotterer, 150. 

New Hanover tp. 
Barnabas Tuttero, 100 acres. 

This is all I have respecting the name 
and cannot therefore supply particulars. 
You can get information from the Tax 
Books in the Commissioners' Office back 
to 1785 ; for what is prior you will have 
to go to the Phila. Records. I would 
suggest to you to hunt up old family 
Bibles, church records, grave stones, etc. 

Shortly after I got my History out I 
gave Dr. Acker 5 copies to give to those 
lie thought most deserving in his office. 
I will lie at the Rambo House the first 
two weeks of next January, and please 
call and see me. You will have to in- 
troduce yourself, for I could not recognize 
5fou by name. I mav then also give yon 
more information. I am very busy now ; 
all my leisure being occupied in a new 
work. This accotmts in part for my 

Very Respectfully, 

WiLLLAM .1. Buck. 



General Daniel Hiester. 




The First Congress under the present 
Constitution assembled in tlie city of 
New York on Wednesday, IMarch 4, 1789. 
Of Pennsj'lvania's Representatives, Fred- 
erick Augustus Muhlenberg, Thomas 
Hartley, Peter Muhlenberg and Daniel 
Hiester appeared and took their seats 
on the first day of the session. It was 
not until April 1 that a quorum was ob- 
tained. Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg 
was chosen speaker of the House. 

The first duty of Congress was to elect 
a President of the United States. General 
Hiester bore a conspicuous part in this 
important formality. 

Monday, April 6, Mr. Hiester, of Penn- 
sylvania, and Mr. Parker, of Virginia, 
were appointed on the part of the House 
to sit at the Clerk's table in the Senate 
Chamber to make a Hst of the votes for 
President and Vice President of the 
United States, as they shall be declared. 
They performed this duty and returned 
to the House and "delivered at the Clerk's 
taltle a list of the votes of the Electors 
of the several States in the choice of a 
President and Vice President of the 
United States as the same were declared 
by the President of the Senate'* in the 
presence of the Senate and the House, 
whereby it appeared that George Wash- 
ington, Esq., was elected President, and 
John Adams, Esq., Vice President of the 
United States of America." 

The selection of a place for the seat of 
the Government occupied the attention 
of the First Congress for a long time. 
The debates on this subject are interest- 
ing in the light of subsequent events. 
Many places were proposed, among them 
Philadelphia, Wrightsville, Harrisburg 
and Germantown, in Pennsylvania; but 
Virginia finally carried off the prize. 

General Hiester participated in this 
debate. On the 8d of September, 1789, 
he made these remarks : 

Mr. Heister moved to insert Harrisburg 
in the resolution. He conceived this spot 
to be more eligible than any yet mention- 

ed ; from hence there was an uninterrupted 
navigation to the sources of the river, 
and through this place runs the great 
AVestern road leading to Fort Pitt and 
the Western Territory. A water com- 
munication can be effected at a small 
expense with Philadelphia. The waters 
of the Swetara, a branch of the Susque- 
hanna, about eight miles below Harris- 
burg, run to the northeast and are navi- 
gable fifteen miles. From thence to the 
Tulpehoken, a branch of the Schuylkill, 
a canal may be cut across, of about a 
mile and a half, the ground has been 
actually surveyed and found practicable ;, 
this will unite the Susquehanna and 
Delaware, and open a passage for the 
produce of an immense tract of country. 
It is but little further from Philadelphia 
than is Wright's Ferry, and on many 
accounts he thought it a preferable situ- 
ation for the permanent seat of Govern- 

We quote from the Pennsylvania 
Archives a letter written by General 
Hiester while this question was before 
Congress : 

Letter to President Miffiin. 
New York, Aug. 28th, 1789. 

Yesterday Mr. Scott brought on the 
Subject of a permanent seat of Govern- 
ment, he moved a lesolution the substance 
of which, with the debates on it, is con- 
tained in the enclosed paper. We ha<l 
a crowded Gallery, but the people here 
were much alarmed, they expected it 
would end in the previous question, that 
was not called for, and there was but 21 
votes for postponing of it, 28 voted to 
make it the Order of the day. The bill 
for regulating the coasting trade will be 
finished very shortly, the amendments 
of the Senate to it were agreed to in our 
House yesterday. 

I am with the Highest Esteem 

your Excellency's Humble Servant 

Directed ^^^^- Hiester, Jr. 

His Excellency, Thomas Mifflin, 
Esquire, Philadelphia. 

General Hiester also took an active 
part in the debates upon questions relat- 
ing to the revenues and finances. 

In 1790 the election for Representatives 
to the Second Congress was held on the 
12th of October. Daniel Hiester was 
again elected, as were also the other mem- 
bers of the First Congress. 

In 1792 Pennsylvania was entitled to 
thirteen members. At a conference held 
at Lancaster, September 21, 1792, Daniel 
Hiester was one of the nominees. His 



name was on both the Federal and Anti- 
Federal tickets. Nineteen candidates 
were in the field, for thirteen of whom 
the voters cast their ballots. The contest 
this year was warmly contested. The 
Governor of Pennsylvania, by a procla- 
mation dated November 7, 1792, declared 
"William Findley, Frederick Augustus 
Muhlenberg, Daniel Hiester, William 
Irvine, John Wilkes Kittera, Thomas 
Hartley, Peter Muhlenberg, Thomas 
Fitzsimmons, Andrew Gregg, 
Armstrong, William Montgomery, John 
Smilie and Thomas Scott to be duly elect- 
ed and chosen as Representatives of the 
people to serve in the House of Represen- 
tatives of the United States for two years 
from 4th March next." 

At this election, Daniel Hiester had the 
highest vote of all the candidates in 
Berks county, and was exceeded by only 
one (William Findley) in Montgomery 

In 1794, he was elected to the Fourth 
Congress. Soon after the opening of the 
Second Session of the Fourth Congress, 
on Thursday, December 8, 1796, Daniel 
Hiester resigned his seat and was succeed- 
ed by George Ege. 


On the 16th of August, 1796, "Daniel 
Hiester, of the Borough of Reading, in 
the County of Berks, and State of Penn- 
sylvania, Esquire, and Rosannah, his 
wife," conveyed to Philip Hahn, Senior, 
of New Hanover township, the Hiester 
ancestral property, situate partly in Upper 
Salford township and partly in Marlbor- 
ough township, containing 153 acres 31 
perches. At the same time he sold 97^ 
perches, part of the 10| acre tract in 
Marlborough township, to Philip Zepp. 

In 1796 Daniel Hiester removed to 


In 1800 and 1802 General Hiester was 
elected to represent in Congress the dis- 
trict composed of Washington, Frederick 
and Alleghany counties, Maryland. 

On the 7th of March, 1804, while serv- 
ing his second terra as a representative 
from Maryland, he died in Wasliington, 
D. C. 

From the record of Congress we copy : 

Tuesday, March 8, 1804, Mr. Nicholson, 
a member from Maryland, informed the 
House of the death of his colleague, 
General Daniel Heister*; whereupon. 

Resolved unanimously. That the mem- 
bers of this House attend at Lovell's hotel, 
this day, at one o'clock, for the purpose 
of following in procession the body of the 
late General Daniel Heister, a part of the 
way to the place of interment at Hagers- 

Resolved unanimously, That the mem- 
bers of this House will testify their re- 
spect for the memory of the said Daniel 
Heister by wearing a crape on the left 
arm for one month. 

Rosanna, widow of Daniel Hiester, died 
January 11, 1810. 

General Hiester and his wife are buried 
in the graveyard of the First German Re- 
formed Church of Hagerstown. Upon 
the horizontal slab which covers their 
grave, is this inscription : 


Sacred to the Memory of 

General Daniel Heister, 

The Patriot, the Soldier and the Statesman ; 

who departed this life on the 7th day of March, 


in the 57th year of his age, 

To enjoy the felicities of a happier state 

And to live in the memory of surviving friends. 


Rosanna Heister 

Consort of 

General Daniel Heister, 

and daughter of Jonathan Hager, 

who departed this life on thellthday ofjanuary, 


i[i the 58th year of her age. 

"Survey this house of Death, 
O soon to tenant it ! soon to increase 

The trophies of mortality ! for hence 
Is no return." 


Daniel and Rosanna Hiester had no 

Among the papers of General Hiester is 
preserved a note written to him by his 
brother-in-law, Jonathan Hager. It is in 
these words : 

December 25, 1785. Werther Schwager, 
Daniel Hiester, ich wolte wiisen auf wass 
Kondition ehr wolt mit mir setlen, so 
schreibt ehr mir eine pahr Zeilen wies 
ehr setlen will so kan ich mein Schwehr 
berichten wie es gesetei sol werten. 

Jonathan Heger. 

A family tradition regarding Mrs. 

General Hiester runs thus: Sometime 

after the decease of her husband, Rosanna 

Hiester came from Hagerstown to Reading 

in her coach, attended l)y three servants 

*The name Is spelled "Heister" throughout 
the Congressional proceedings. 



— colored coachman, footman and waiting- 
maid. She stopped, on her way from 
Reading to Philadelphia, at the Trappe, 
there to visit a relative. She is thus 
described : "Dressed in deepest mourning 
gown ; handsome, notwithstanding her 

A portrait, in oil, of General Hiester is 
owned by Mrs. Annie Clymer McKim, 
wife of Rev. Dr. McKim, of Washington, 
D. C. It was on exhibition at the Cen- 
tennial Celebration of the Inauguration 
of George Washington as First President 
of the United States, held in New York 
City in 1889. 

An oil painting of Mrs. General Hiester, 
painted in 1780, was exhibited at Hagers- 
town, Md., in 1876. 

The years spent by General Hiester in 
Maryland were marked by active partici- 
pation in public affairs. His private in- 
terests were extensive. At. his decease he 
was a man of large fortune. 
(The End.) 

Family Statements and Inquiries. 

George Washington Sealey, a native of 
the Perkiomen region, died in Philadel- 
phia, May 1st, 1895, aged 71 years. He 
was a son of Solomon Grimley Sealey, and 
was a great-great-grandson of Philip 
Schillig, who came from Germany and 
landed at Philadelphia by the ship 
Pleasant, from Rotterdam, October 11, 
1732, and settled on the Perkiomen, one 
mile from the present Schwenksville, 
Montgomery county, Pa. Many years 
ago, George W. Sealey removed to Wil- 
mington, N. C, where he was engaged in 
brick making. After the war of the 
rebellion he returned with his family to 

The orthography of the original family 
name has, by numerous circumstances, 
been variously rendered, as so many of 
our names have suffered in America. 
•Different branches of this family have 
been known as Schillig, Schillich, Shee- 
lich, Sheeleigh, Sealey, etc. Those now 
bearing the patronymic in its several 
forms are reduced in number and live at 
widely separated points. A few are still 
found in Montgomery county. Pa.; other 

few in Chester county, in Philadelphia, 
and at Portsmouth, Ohio. Rev. Matthias 
Sheeleigh, D. D., a great-great-grandson 
of the original Philip, is a Lutheran pas- 
tor, an author, editor, etc., residing at 
Fort Washington, Montgomery county, 
Pa. His children are therefore in the 
sixth generation in this country. 

Any information concerning the family, 
in any part of its history, in any of the 
branches, will be very thankfully received 
by Rev. Dr. M. Sheeleigh, at his post- 
office. Fort Washington, Montgomery 
county, Pa. Statements will be welcomed 
regarding any line of descent, or any in- 
dividual, or in reference to possessions, 
pursuits, church relations, intermarriages, 
traditions, anecdotes, relics, burial places, 
etc., etc. Early replies are kindly solicit- 

Epitaphs in Falkner Swamp Reform- 
ed Churchyard. 


( Concluded.) 


ruhen die Gebeine 

eines verstorbenen mitbruder.s 


Peter Sehler. 

Er wurde gebohren den 7ten 

January itn Jahr 1731, 

und ist gestorben den 9ten tag 

April im Jahr 1813, seines 

alters 82 Jahre 3 Monathe 

und 2 Tage. 


ruhen in Gott 

die Gebeine der gewesenen 

Sarah Sehler 

gewesene Ehefrau von 

Peter Sehler, 

Sie wurde gebohren den 

25sten December im Jahr 


und starb den 23sten 

Tag May im Jahr 


Ihres alters 84 Jahre 

C Monathe und 28 Tage. 


ruhen die Gebeine 


Veronica Sehler. 

Sie war gebohren den 

4ten M ay 1752 und 

ist gestorben den 7ten 

April 1840, brachte 

ihr alter auf 87 Jahr 

11 monath und 3 tage. 



ruhen die Gebeine 


Gottfried Sehler 

Er war gebohren den 

28sten Juny 1746. 

und ist gestorben deu 

17ten September 


Brachte sein alter auf 

82 Jahr 2 Monath 

und 20 Tage. 

Zum Andenken 

Wendel Wiand 

Er wurde geboren 

den 8n August 1772, lebte 

im Stande der Ehe mit 

Catharina Dotterer, 

45 Jahre. 

Er starb den 23n November 

1846 in einem 

Alter von 74 Jahre 3 Monat 

und 15 Tage 

Leichen Text 

Evangelium Johannes 16 vers 29. 


Andenken an 

Catharina Wiand 

Tochter von Michael und 

Catharina Dotterer 

Sie wurde geboren den G 

August 1778. 

Verehelichte sich mit 

Wendel Wiand, lebte in der 

Ehe 45 Jahre u. zeugte 11 

Kinder Sohne und 2 

Tochter, und starb den 29 

Juny 1857 

Alt 78 Jahre 10 Monat 

und 23 Tage. 


1 Buch Chron. Cap. 30. v. 15. 

Lied No. 51 


Memory of 

Magdalena Schneider, 

wife of Jacob Schneider & 

daughter of Peter Gearhart, 

who departed this life 

March 30th, A. D. 1835 

aged 75 years 11 months 

and 4 days. 


to the memory of 

Anna Maria, 

wife of Henry Schneider, 

died May 27th, 1844, 
aged 58 years 3 months 
and 1 day. 
Lord, I commit my soul to thee. 

Accept that sacred trust. 
Receive thf\t noble part of me. 
And watch my sleeping dust. 


to the memory ot 

Henry Schneider, 

Born August 26, 1781, 

Died August 2, 1882, 


90 Years 11 months 

and 6 days. 


ruhen die Gebeine 


Peter Spechts 

Gebohren im Jahr 1755 

den 27sten January und 

gestorben den 5ten August 

Alter 40 Jahre u. 6 Monat. 

Christian Specht, 
wurde geboren den 27 
December 1758, ver- 
ehelichte sich mit Bar- 
bara Sensendiirfer, den 
9 May 1786 
und starb d.;n 9 Milrz 
1837 war alt 
78 Jahre, 2 Monate 
und 12 Tage. 

Barbara Specht 

geborne Sensendiir- 
war die Ehefrau des 
Christian Specht 
geboren der 28ten 
April 17*i3, .starb 

den Iten October 
alt 64 Jahre, 5 Mo- 
nate und 3 

Zum Andenken an 




Abraham Zern. 

Geboren den 28 Aug. 1790. 

starb den 10 Juni 1872, 

alt 81 Jahre '■> Mon. 

und 18 Tage. 

Verheirathet sich mit Maria 

Specht zeugte 5 SiJhne und 

G Tochter 

Lied : Bestimmt war mir mein hohes 


Tech 1 Buch 

Mose 40 C. 

30 V. 

Maria Zern, 

Ehegattin von Abraham Zern, 

geborne Specht. 

Geb. den 2 Aug. 1795. 

Starb den 30 Dec. 180.}, 

Alter 68 J. 4 M. u. 

28 Tage. 

Lied, Durch viele grosse 

plagen Hat mich der Herr 





ruhet der Leib 

des yerstorbenen 

Anthony Spies 

Er wurde gebobren dpn lOten 

December 1726 und starb 

den 29sten April, 1805. 

Seines alters 78 Jahren 

4 Monathen und 21 Tagen. 


ruhen die Gebeine 

der verstorbenen 

Margaretha Spiessin 

Ein Tochter von Johannes 

Meyer und seiner Ehefrau Ca- 

tharina, sie wurde gebohren im 

Jahr unseres Herrn 1738 den 

ISten tag November, und ist ge- 

storben den 31sten tag December 

1811, sie ist alt worden 73 Jahr 

1 Monath und 13 Tage. 

Zum Ajidenken an 

Jacob Zoller, 
war ein Sohn von 
Christian und Marga- 
retha Zoller, geboren 

den 29 May 1779, 

verehelichte sich mit 

Elizabeth Schmidt 

d : 12 August 1804, lebte 

in der Ehe 33 Jahre 

und 19 Tage, zeugte 4 

Silhne und 6 Tochter ; 

er starb den 2. September 

1837, alt 68 Jahre 

3 Mouate u. 3 Tage. 

Text : Offenbarung 

14. 13. Selig sind . 

Zum Andenken an 

Elisabeth Zoller 

Tochter von Jacob und 

Elisabeth Schmidt. Sie 

war geboren den 10 September 

1783, verehelichte sich mit 
Jacob Zoller, den 12 August 

1804. lebte in der Ehe 33 

Jahre u. 19 Tage, h. zeugte 10 

Kinder, 4 Sohne und 6 

Tochter u. starb den 5 Dec 

1855, brachte ihr Alter 

auf 72 Jahre 2 Monat 

und 25 Tage. 


Ev. Job. Cap. 13 vers 3. 


Ruhet der Leib 

Von einer MitschWaester 

Zu die.ser Qemein 




Sie starb den 7ten Octob 

er 1785 Ihr Alter 

War 36 lahr. 


dem Andenken an 

Johannes Peter 


Sohn von Johan Chri- 

stan Steltz und dessen Ehe 

frau. Er erblickte das Licht 

der Welt in Europa, den 24 

October 1745, starb den 24 

Miirz 1833, in dem Alter 

von 87 Jahren und 5 


Text OflFenbarung, 3 v. 5. 



Susanna Steltz 

Ehefrau des Peter 


geborne Grob. 

wurde geboren den 25 

Milrz 1752 

starb den 21 Juli 
alt 80 Jahre 3 Mona- 
te und 29 Tage. 

Our Revolutionary Sires. 


One of the patriots of the War of In- 
dependence who lived to a good old age, 
and is remembered by some of our oldest 
living people, was John Henry Bernhurt, 
of Falkner Swamp. He was the son of 
Jacob and Christina Bernhart, of Limer- 
ick township. His wife was Maria 
Sophia Frey, daughter of Johannes and 
Elizabeth Frey. On the 15th of July, 
1826. he was one of the participants in 
the semi-centennial celebration of the 
Declaration of Independence, held at 
Swamp, New Hanover township. March 
18, 1834, he was granted an annuity of 
$40 by the State. He did not live long 
to enjoy the State's bounty, for on the 
10th of June, 1834, he died in New Han- 
over township, aged 81 years, 2 months, 
24 days, and was buried at the Falk- 
ner Swamp Reformed church. Rev. A. 
Hoffman preached the funeral sermon. 
In the Sumneytown Bauern Freund ap- 
peared the announcement of his death 
and burial, with these verses : 

Ruhe sanft von deinen Erdensorgen, 

Theurer Vater, den das Grab bedeckt 
Bis dich einst am Auferstehungsmorgen 

Qottes Ruf zum ew'gen Leben weckt. 
Fromm und treu hast du dein Ziel errungen, 

Hast verdientdes Christen Hinimels Lohn; 
Deine Seele ist hiuau gedrangen 

Zu des Weltenvate sheil'gen Thron. 



Traveller, Missionary and Author. 

(Continued from No, lO.) 


[Missionary Antes remained at Beh- 
nesse about six weeks, when, finding the 
Copts indisposed to accept the religion of 
Jesus Christ in sincerity, he returned to 
Cairo. In May, 1774, he made anotlier 
visit to Behnesse, remaining ten days. 
Tlie succeeding five and one-half years 
were without remarkable incident. On 
the loth of November, 1779, the mission- 
ary unfortunately fell into the hands of 
one of the Beys, who in the hope of ex- 
torting a large sum of money, treated him 
very cruelly, and inflicted upon him the 
bastinado. On that day he and the sec- 
retary of the Venetian consul were out- 
side the city gate amusing themselves 
with shooting snipe on the roadside. It 
was a half-liour before sunset, when some 
Mamelukes belonging to Osman Bey, 
came upon them at full gallop, with drawn 
swords in their hands, and demanded 
money. The Venetian was sent into 
Cairo to obtain ransom money, and the 
missionary, stripped of his clothes, heav- 
ily chained, was carried before the Bey. 
The autobiographer describes what follow- 

In about half an hour the Bey arrived 
with all his men and lighted flambeaux 
before him ; he alighted, went upstairs 
into a room, sat down in a corner, and all 
his people placed themselves in a circle 
round him. This done, I was sent for, 
my chain was taken off, and I was led up 
by two fellows. On the way up, I heard 
the instrument used for the bastinado 
rattle, and knew from that what I had to 
expect. Upon entering, I found a small, 
neat Persian carpet spread for me, which 
was in fact a piece of civility, for the 
common people, wlien about to receive 
the bastinado, are thrown on the ground. 
The Bey asked me, "Who are you ?" "An 
Englishman." "What is j^our business?" 
"I live by what God sends" — a common 
Arabic phrase. He then said, "Throw 
him down ;" when I asked what I had 

done, "How, you dog," answered he, 
"dare you ask what j'ou have done?" 
"Throw him down !" The servant then 
threw me on my belly, the usual position 
upon such occasions, that when the legs 
are raised up the soles of the feet may be 
horizontal. They then brought a strong 
staff about six feet long, with a piece of 
an iron chain fixed to it with both ends ; 
this chain they throw round both feet 
above the ankles, and then twist them 
together, and the two fellows on each 
side, provided with what they call a cor- 
bage, hold up the soles of the feet by 
means of the stick, and so wait for their 
master's orders. When they had placed 
me in this position, an officer came and 
whispered in my ear, "Do not suffer 
yourself to be beaten ; give him a thous- 
and dollars, and he will let you go." I 
reflected that should I now offer anything 
he would probably send one of his men 
with me to receive it ; that then I should 
be obliged to open my strong chest, in 
which I kept not only my own, but a great 
deal of money belonging to others, which 
I had in trust, having received it in pay- 
ment for goods sold for other merchants. 
The whole of this would in all probability 
have been taken away at the same time, 
and as I could not think of involving 
others in my misfortunes, I said, "Ma- 
fish !" that is. No money ! upon which he 
immediately ordered them to begin, which 
they did ; at first, however, moderately. 
But I at once gave myself up for lost, 
well knowing that my life only depended 
upon the caprice of a brute in human 
shape, and having heard and seen so 
many examples of unrelenting cruelty, I 
could not expect to fare better than others 
had done before me. I had, therefore, 
nothing left but to cast myself upon the 
mercy of God, commending my soul to 
Him ; and indeed I must in gratitude 
confess, that I experienced His support 
most powerfully ; so that all fear of death 
was taken from me, and if I could have 



bought my life for one halfpenny, I 
should, I believe, have hesitated to accept 
the offer. After they had continued 
beating me for some time, the officer, 
thinking, probably, I might by this time 
have become more tractable, again whis- 
pered into my ear the word money, but 
now the sum was doubled. I presently 
answered, "Mafish !" They then laid on 
more roughly, and every stroke felt like 
the application of a red-hot poker. At 
last the same officer, thinking that 
though I had no money, I might have 
some fine goods, whispered again some- 
thing to that effect. As I knew that 
elegant English firearms will often take 
their fancy, even more than money, and 
happening to have a neat blunderbuss, 
richly mounted in silver, value about £20, 
I offered him that, as I could have got at 
it without 0])ening my strong chest. 
When the Bey observed me talking with 
the officer, he asked him what I said ; 
the officer, lifting up his finger, answered 
witli asneer,"Bir Corabina !" that is. One 
blunderbuss. Upon which the Bey said, 
"Ettrup il kelp!" that is. Beat the dog ! 
Now they began to lay on with all their 
might. At first the pain was e.xcruciat- 
ing, but after some time my feeling grew 
numb, and it was like beating a bag of 
wool ; when at last lie saw that no money 
was offered, he began to think tliat I 
might be poor ; and as I had, however, 
done nothing to deserve punishment, he 
at last said, "Saibu !" that is, Lethimgo ; 
upon which they loosened my feet. I 
was obliged to walk down again into my 
prison, and the chain was again put about 
my neck. Upon my asking the servants 
why I must be chained, since, in the 
present condition of my feet, there was 
little danger of my running away ; they 
said, "The Bey will have it so ;" and I 
was obliged to submit. In about half an 
hour a messsenger came with orders to 
bring me up again. The servants then 
took off the chain and carried me till I 
was near the door, when they bid me 
walk, or else the Bey would beat me 

[The next morning the missionary was 
conducted to the city, and to his house. 

where he was confined to his bed for 
about six weeks before he could walk on 
crutches. In August, 1781, he was re- 
called from Egypt, to be present at the 
synod of the Moravian church, to be 
convened in 1782 at Berthelsdorf, in Sax- 
ony. He left Cairo on the 23d of Decem- 
ber, 1781, after a residence there of twelve 
years. On the 19th of March, 1782, after 
various mishaps at sea, he landed at Leg- 
horn. He left Leghorn on the 13th of 
May, and, proceeding by way of Florence, 
Bologna, Trieste and Vienna, reached 
Hernnhuton the 20th of May.] 

In the month of November, in the 
same year, my field of labor was trans- 
ferred to Barby, where I remained until 
the summer of the following year, 1783, 
when I received a call to Neuwied, as 
director of the single brethren. After I 
had spent two years there in this capaci- 
ty, I received a call as warden of the 
congregation at Fulnec, in England. 

In June, 1786, I entered into holy 
matrimony with the maiden sister, Susan- 
na Crabtree. In her I found a helpmate 
who had entireij'^ yielded herself up to 
the Lord and His service. 

In the year 1801, accompanied by my 

wife, I paid a visit to Hernnhut, where 

I attended a synodical convention of the 

Moravian church. After the close of the 

synod, when, upon the 7th of November, 

we took passage on board a ship at Briel 

for Gravesend, * * * and arrived at Fulnec 

towards the close of November, where I 

entered upon my arduous duties with 
renewed zeal. 

During the succeeding years I had fre- 
quent attacks of the gout, especially on 
the left foot, which had suffered most 
from the effects of the bastinado, to 
which, chiefly, I am inclined to attribute 

the cause of my severe suffering from 
this disease. 

A diminution of my strength induced 
me, in the year 1808, to ask for a dismiss- 
al from my post, which was granted to 
me, and I selected Bi-istol for my future 

abode, and arrived there in the begin- 
ning of September 1809. 

Now, as I anticipate my departure from 
this world, I have unwavering confid- 
ence in my Heavenly Father, who has 



done 80 much for me, that He will not 

desert me in the last hour, but vouchsafe 

unto me, an unworthy but redeemed 

sinner, who trusts in his righteousness 

alone, the grace to participate with Him 

in Heaven in the joys of everlasting life. 

Oh, how gloriously will there resound my 
hallelujahs ! 

Thus far wrote John Antes himself. 
The editor under whose direction this 
auto-biography was published, makes 
the following additional remarks : 

"He sweetly departed this life, without 
any symptom of pain or death-struggle, 
after a short illness, December 17, 1811, 
after he had attained the age of about 72 

"He was a man who was justly beloved 
and esteemed by all who knew him. He 
was unassuming, friendly, obliging ; free 
from all selfishness and from the love of 
riches and honor, so common among the 
people of this world. From his youth he 
entertained a high opinion of the Morav- 
ian Church, its government and its 
doctrines, and this may be regarded as 
the result of his just appreciation of the 
object which the Lord designs to ac- 
complish through this branch of Zion. 
Whenever, therefore, he perceived any- 
thing in the church which militated with 
this object, he could not suppress his dis- 
pleasure and sometimes he testified his 

condemnation in a very earnest and de- 
cided manner." 


During the life-time of Mr. Antes was 
issued a work written by him, which at- 
tracted wide-spread attention. It bore 
the title : 











Written during a residence of twelve years 
in Cairo and its vicinity. 


Of Fulnec, in Yorkshire. 

In the opening pages of this work is a 
letter dated Fulneck, 30th April, 1788, 
addressed by the author to the Honourable . 
Daines Barrington, in which occur the 
following statements : 

"I beg leave to observe that, although 
I have always considered myself as an 
Englishman, my father having been 
naturalized and intrusted with offices in 
the King's service in America, yet hav- 
ing been educated, and having spent 
most of my time among foreigners, I am 
far from being able to express myself in 
the English language with any degree of 
accuracy. . . From my infancy I 
always was fond of geographical knowl- 
edge. . . I was obliged to content my- 
self with picking up as much as I could 
from private instruction or from books. 
. . I seldom could content myself with 
the first answer I received, when I enquir- 
ed into any suljject. . . I have visited 
them (the Pyramids) above twenty times. 
. . I have never attempted to note any- 
thing down with a view to lay it before 
the public, or I should have taken more 
pains to gather materials, and to have 
made a greater number of exact dimen- 
sions, distances and measurements, than 
I have done (in Egypt, etc.). . ." 

The autobiography was originally pub. 
lished in German by the society to which 
he belonged. It was, however, soon 
after translated into the English language. 
Portions of it were issued in a small book 
in Philadelphia with the following title- 

[No. 2 






Extracted from a Narrative written by Himself. 

Illustration showing 
the Bastinado. 

(See Page 11.) 


Illustrated with a Map of Egypt. 


Printed for John Stockdale, Piccadilly. 

Published by the Sunday and Adult School Union, 
and for sale at their Depository. 29 N. Fourth St. 


Clark & Raser, Printers. 

Mr. Antes' labors as a writer did not 
end with the above, for, in a literary 



publication of 1818, is made the state- 
ment that on the appearance of Lord 
Valentia's travels, in which the veracity 
of Bruce was questioned, a vindication 
of Bruce' s character was published by 
Rev. John Antes, who had known him 
in Egypt, and thought more favorably of 
him than Lord Valentia did. 


The late Antes Snyder, of Pottstown, 
Pa., who, about the year 1858-61, made 
inquiries concerning specimens of John 
Antes' handiwork, ascertained that, at 
the date mentioned, there was a bass viol 
in use by the choir of the Moravian 
church at Bethlehem, Pa., which was 
made by the missionary-artisan. This is 
now deposited in the Museum at Nazareth, 
Pa. There was also in Easton a tenor viol 
made by the same hands. One of the 
bishops of the Moravian church wore a 
watch made by him. The watch had 
been repaired at times by Jedediah Weiss, 
of Bethlehem, who desired very much to 
obtain it after the death of the bishop. 
The watch had no hair-spring, and was 
very large. Huffel was the bishop's 
name ; he died in Egypt, where his ef- 
fects were disposed of and cannot be 
traced up. 

(To be Continued.) 

A. L. Artman Himmelwright, C. E. 

Of the men who have gone out of our 
Perkiomen country into the broad com- 
petition with the talent of the entire 
nation, none has scored a greater success, 
in an equally short time,in his profession, 
than the young engineer whose name 
heads this article. He has prose- 
cuted his calling in various parts of 
the country, and has had a number of 

eventful experiences apart from his bus- 

As a boy he was alert in school and at 
play. He was fond of the forest and of 
hunting. In his early teens he was run- 
ning an amateur printing office in the 
loft of a frame house on the Pennsylvan- 
ia Alleghanies. At college he was editor 
of the college paper. When on vacation, 
armed with a camera, he was often em- 
ployed in photographing the beautiful in 

nature. His work, In the Heart of the 
Bitter-Root Mountains, is enriched by 
numerous views taken by him during 
that perilous adventure. 

After his graduation from Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute, of Troy, N. Y., 
Mr. Himmelwright indulged in a six 
months' hunting trip in Idaho. At this 
time he wrote home to his friends and to 
sportsmen's journals entertaining accounts 
of his successes. In the winter of 1888- 
'89 he was employed by the Northern 
Pacific Railroad company in locating a 
road in Idaho. Since then he has been 
engaged successively with the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad, the Rome, Watertown 
and Ogdensburg Railroad, in engineering 
work in West Virginia, in surveys of 
phosphate rock territory in Florida, in 
developing the plant of the Benvenue 
Granite Quarries in Connecticut, and, 
recently, he has connected himself with 
the engineering firm of John A. Roebling's 
Sons Co., New York city. 

On the day of the Johnstown flood he 
passed through that ill-fated city and 
barely escaped with his life. He had 
arrived at Johnstown early on Friday 
morning, on the Atlantic express. Wish- 
ing to stop at Cresson, he had to change 
from the express, which did not stop 
there, to a mail train. The mail train 
proceeded as far as East Conemaugh, 
where it was delayed by a landslide on 
the track a mile above. It had been 
raining for twenty-four hours, and the 
Conemaugh river was rising rapidly. 
Telegraph communication had been cut 
off early in the forenoon. Soon the 
bridges near Conemaugh were swept 
away, and reports began to circulate that 
danger was apprehended from the South 
Fork reservoir. A drenching rain made 
the idea of leaving the train impractica- 
ble. What followed is best described in 
Mr. Himmelwright's own words, in a 
letter written by him to a friend : 

"About four o'clock, while trying to 
interest myself in the papers, I heard 
the shrill whistle of the construction- 
train locomotive above us, and as I was 
sufficiently well posted to know that it 
was no ordinary signal, I gave the alarm 


in our car, and, unaware how imminent 
was the danger, I ran forward to the 
baggage car and unchained my dog. 
Brush, that I had brought with me from 
Washington Territory. When I returned 
everybody in the car had fled Seizing 
my valise, I, too, made a break for the 
hills, which, fortunately, were near at 
hand. When I got out of the car I look- 
ed up the valley, and the sight almost 
paralyzed me. I could see immense trees 
turning endwise, their ends lolling in the 
air for a moment before they disappeared 
in the advance column of water and 
driftwood, which seemed like a vertical 
wall at least thirty feet high. I used to 
train for sprinting, but I don't think I 
ever ran quite as fast as I did when I 
saw that. We, however, reached safety, 
and just in the nick of time, for on look- 
ing back I could see houses, barns and 
huge masses of driftwood floating in the 
swift current of what was now a mighty 
river, over ground I had left less tlian 
fifteen seconds before. The scene at the 
time of the flight was one I shall never 
forget. Men, women and children were 
screaming and crying ; a number of per- 
sons fainted and were carried ; and every- 
body rushed pell mell toward the more 
elevated portions of the town. Locomo- 
tives and engines were whistling, bells 
were ringing, but above all could be 
heard the roar of the approaching deluge." 
Brush, the hunting dog, was widely 
known. On one occasion he travelled 
alone by rail from Pennsylvania to Flor- 
ida. His destination written upon a tag 
fastened to his collar, with a request that 
he be given water, he made the journey 
safely. In 1893, the faithful animal died. 
In the Troy Daily Press of August 3, 
1893, was published a poem written by 
his master, from which we quote portions: 

Companions for years we've been, 

And far we've roamed together, 
Through Northern snows, 'neath Southern 

In fair and stoimy weather. 
A single morsel oft we've shared, 

Quaffed from the self-same sprin g ; 
Together mused, together dreamed 

Of joys the day should bring. 

Ah, he was faithful, brave and true, 
And I, at times, exacting, 

Prescribed most perilous work without 
Our friendship once infracting ; 

When terrors overwhelmed and 
More courage he required, 

A single glance — that I was near- 
New confidence inspired. 

And when Time claimed him for his own. 

By instinct rare invested, 
With pleading, soulful eyes, his head 

Upon my hand he rested ; 
Though I was powerless to save 

And only stroked his head. 
He yielded with a faith sublime, 

A sigh -and Brush was dead. 

The story of the Carlin Hunting Party 
is familiar to many of our readers. We 
have several times referred to it in these 
columns. Mr. Himmelwright was a cen- 
tral figure in that tlirilling experience, 
and we regard him as the one man whose 
high courage,inventive capacity and ready 
expedients to meet each succeeding and 
greater difficulty, saved that enthusiastic 
but unfortunate party from destruction. 

We turn from these stories of suffer- 
ings and hardships to a gentler theme. 
On Wednesday. January 23, 1895, at 
Albany, New York, was contracted the 
marriage of A. L. Artman Himmelwright 
and Miss Harriet Sage Hamlin. They 
are happily domiciled in New York city, 
conveniently to Mr. H.'s professional 

In this connection we are glad to be 
able to furnish the following information 
respecting the ancestry of our subject : 


The Himmelwrights settled at German- 
town, Pa., before the war of the Revo- 
lution. Philip Himmelwright was born 
in 1725, and died in 1798. At the age of 
twenty-three years he married Hannah 
Dickerson, who was of Welsh descent 
and a member of the Society of Friends. 
They lived at Germantown all their days. 
They had eleven children. 

Joseph Himm.elwright, the oldest child 
of Philip and Hannah (Dickerson) Him- 
melwright, was born in 1751, and died in 
1823. He was a cooper and miller by 
trade. He served at Paul's mill, near 
Germantown. He was married to Mary 
Kuhns, daughter of Nicholas Kuhns. He 



purchased a farm in Flathind, about 
three miles north of Quakertown, where 
he lived and raised his family. They 
had four children. 

Joseph Himmelwright, the oldest son 
of Joseph and Mary (Kuhns) Himmel- 
wright, was born in 1781, and died in 
1863. He was married to Elizabeth 
Rffiller, daughter of Rev. Frederick 
Rceller, a Lutheran clergyman. He was 
a cooper and miller by trade. He lived 
and raised his family of nine children on 
a farm about a mile and a half north of 
Milford Square, near the head waters of 
Swamp creek. In the year 1836 he built 
a grist mill on Swamp creek, about half a 
mile north of Milford Square. In 1837 he 
built a comfortable house near the grist 
mill and moved into it. He carried on farm- 
ing and milling. He s])ent the remainder of 
his days here. He was a progressive and 
leading man in the community and was 
successful in business. He and his wife 
are buried at the Swamp Mennonite 
meeting house, about a mile and a half 
north of Milford Square. They both 
were members of the Lutheran church. 

The youngest son of Joseph and Eliz- 
abeth (R(X'ller) Himmelwright, Charles 
R. Himmelwright, was born September 
27, 1822, and died March 28, 1891. He 
learned the milling trade. Being endow- 
ed with more than ordinary natural abil- 
ities, and having a desire to improve 
hiinself, he attended a private school for 
higher education at Kutztown. He taught 
several terms of school. He was married 
September 23, 1847, to Susan Artman, 
daughter of Enos Artman. He was en- 
gaged in the mercantile business at Milford 
Square from 1848 to 1882. During this 
time he had an extensive business in 
surveying and conveyancing. He also 
built a number of houses and did a large 
lumbering business. He was largely 
instrumental in building up the town of 
Milford Square. He was the first post- 
master at this place and held the office 
continuously for thirty years. He organ- 
ized the Quakertown and Spinnerstown 
Turnpike Road company and the Steins- 
burg and Milford Square Turnpike Road 
company, and was president of both 

companies as long as he resided at Milford 
Square. He was one of the leading mem- 
bers in organizing the St. John's Lutheran 
congregation at Quakertown. In 1878 
he removed, with his family, to Cambria 
county. Pa., and located in a large timber 
tract on top of the Alleghany mountains, 
four miles north of Cresson. He here 
engaged extensively in the lumbering 
business, cleared a farm, erected farm 
buildings, built a summer hotel, which 
has become a popular summer resort, 
and named the place Wildwood Springs. 
A postotfice was established here in 1888, 
and he was appointed postmaster. He 
was a man of unswerving integrity, al- 
ways enterprising and public-spirited, 
just and charitable. He was honored 
and respected by all who knew him. He 
is buried in the Lutheran cemetery at 
Quakertown. Charles R. and Susan 
(Artman) Himmelwright had four chil- 
dren : Howard, graduate of Muhlenberg 
College, Allentown, Pa., and proprietor 
of Wildwood Springs, the mountain sum- 
mer resort on the AUeghanies in Cambria 
county, Pa.; Emma, died young; Mary 
E., graduate of Allentown College for 
Women, and wife of Rev. S. A. Ziegen- 
fuss, pastor of St. Michael's Lutheran 
church, at Germantown, Philadelphia ; 
A. L. Artman. 

Abraham Lincoln Artman Himmel- 
wright, the youngest of the children of 
Charles R. and Susan (Artman) Himmel- 
wright, was born at Milford Square, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1865. At the age of thirteen 
years he wentwith his parents to Cambria 
county. He was a bright, active, ener- 
getic boy. The invigorating and vigor- 
ous climate of the AUeghanies, his assoc- 
iation, at this early age, with the rough 
and ready lumbermen, listening to their 
tales of adventure and their experience 
in the chase, had a tendency to develop, 
what came to him naturally, an interest 
in firearms and gunning. When he was 
scarcely able to hold a rifle he frequently 
would excel the best marksmen of the 
neighborhood with their own guns. He 
was reared and grew to manhood among 
these surroundings and became passion- 
ately fond of out-door life. It is there- 



fore not surprising that he selected civil 
engineering as a profession. He attended 
St. Francis College, the Indiana State 
Normal school, the Millersville State 
Normal school and Shortlidge's Media 
Academy before he entered the Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute, of Troy, N. Y., 
where he graduated in 1888. 

The Richards (Reichert) Family. 

But few counties in our grand Common- 
wealth can boast of as many distinguished 
sons as those which have sprung from 
the loins of good old Montgomery, or 
have been adopted into her family circle. 
Amongst these, I doubt if there be any 
more representative family than that of 
Reichert, or Richards, as now anglicized, 
many of whose members have rendered 
distinguished services in the advance- 
ment of its religious and secular interests. 
It is so bound to its history and welfare, 
by numerous intermarriages with others 
of its families, as to become an integral 
part of the whole. Limited space allows 
me to mention but my direct ancestors 
and to refer, most briefly, to connections 
by marriage. 

The Reicherts — Bavaria-Baden — were a 
patrician family of Germany. The liead 
of the family in America was 


the son of an army otticer ; born in Augs- 
burg about 1690 ; immigrated to this 
country with his wife, Anna Maria, about 
1718 ; on May 24, 1720, purchased 150 
acres of land in New Hanover township, 
about one mile south of the Swamp 
churches. He died, a prominent and 
well-to-do citizen, in 1748, leaving two 
sons and one daughter, viz: Casper, 
Matthias, and Hannah, who married a 
Shyner, Shoener or Sheymer. 


(January 9, 1719-March 28, 1775), one of 
the building committee of Swamp Luth- 
eran church, where he lies buried with 
his brother Casper (1715-1774); public- 
spirited and wealthy ; married, about 1748, 
to Ann Margaret Hillegas (Hilde-gras), 
born August 15, 1726 ; died January 6, 
1773 ; daughter of John Frederick 

Hillegas, 1st, and tirst cousin to 
Michael Hillegas, the first Treasurer of 
the United States. Their children were : 

1. Christina Richards (May 6, 1749- 
August 24, 1778), married, November 1.3, 
1770, to Philip Feterolf, of Long Swamp, 
Berks county. Their daughter Eliza- 
beth married Adam Wartman. 

2. Elizabeth Richards (May 29, 1751- 
October 12, 1821), married David Burkert, 
of the Swamp. From these came connect- 
ion with the Millers, Hessers, Bittings, 
Brendlingers, Yerkeys, Cleavers, Buchers. 

3. John Richards (April 18, 1753- 
November 13, 1822), Justice of Peace, 
June 6, 1777 ; Judge of Common Pleas, 
November 1, 1784 ; member of Congress, 
1796-7 ; State Senator, 1801-'7; promi- 
nent iron master, merchant and farmer ; 
married, first. May 2, 1775, Sophia Hiibner 
(February 17, 1755-November 19, 1800), 
and next, Catharine Krebs, with whom he 
had no issue. By his daughters, Anna 
and Elizabeth, came connection with the 
Kerr and Grofi" families. Of his sons, 
Matthias was married to Salome Bncher; 
John to Nancy Haney ; Mark to Sophia 
Knerr, and later to Frances Hunt ; George, 
of Pottstown, to, first, Sophia Herman; 
second, Maria Matthias ; third, Anna 
Sands, whose children have been most 
honored citizens of that town. 

4. George Peter Richards( July22,1755- 
October21, 1822), a Justice of the Peace 
and prominent iron master, merchant, 
surveyor and scrivener; on October 4, 1779, 
commissioned sub-lieutenant of the coun- 
ty, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel ; 
married Margaret Schneider, whence 
came connection with the families Myers, 
Bechtel, Miller, Pfautz, Missemer, Hen- 

5. Matthias Richards (February 26, 1758- 
August 4, 1830), a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion ; for 40 years Justice of the Peace ; 
Associate Judge of Berks county ; mem- 
ber of Congress, 1807-'ll ; Collector of 
Revenue, 1812 ; highly esteemed and 
respected ; married Maria Missimer on 
April 18, 1780, who died August 20, 1781, 
without living issue; then married, May 
8, 1782, Maria Salome Muhlenberg, 
daughter of the Lutheran Patriarch, 



Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, and grand- 
daughter of Colonel Conrad Weiser. Al- 
most without exception their offspring 
have been of distinction and honorable 
public service. I can only refer to my 
father, Rev. John William Richards.D. D. 
6. Anna Maria' Richards (January 17, 
1762- April 17, 1816), married Dr. G.Fred- 
erick Beitenman. 


(April 18, 1803-January 24, 1854), a 
prominent divine of the Lutheran church, 
and at his death the President of its Min- 
isteriuni of Pennsylvania, then its most 
important office. He was still more 
closely united to the being of Montgom- 
ery county when united to one of its 
daughters, Andora Garber (May 21, 1815 
-May 2(), 1892), whilst pastor of the ven- 
erable old Augustus church, of the Trappe. 
His sons, both living, are : 

Rev. Matthias Henry Richards, D. D., 
of Muhlenberg College, Allentown ; mar- 
ried, June 14, 1866, to Sarah Maginley 
McClean, daughter of Hon. Moses Mc- 
Clean, of Gettysburg. Pa. Their son, 
John William, is a Lutheran clergyman 
at Lancaster, Pa., and 

Henry Melchior Muhlenberg Richards, 
of Reading, Pa., a volunteer in the Civil 
War, 1863-'4, and an officer in the navy 
from 1865 to 1875. He married, Decem- 
ber 26, 1871, Ella Van Leer (von Lohr). 
Of their two sons, Henry Branson is a 
Lutheran clergyman in Philadelphia, 
and Charles Matthias is a medical stu- 

The records of the writer indicate that 
comparatively few of the family bearing 
the name remain in existence. 

H. M. M. Richards. 
Reading, Penna. 

Frederick D. Stone, Doctor of Letters. 

The University of Pennsylvania, at the 
recent Commenceuient, conferred upon 
Librarian Stone, of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, the degree of Doctor of 
Letters. The many friends of Dr. Stone, 
among whom The Perkiomen Region is 
numbered, rejoice over this high honor 
so worthily bestowed. 

The Farmhouse Garret, a poem by 
Ell wood Roberts, of the editorial staff of 
the Norristown Herald, is published in the 
issue of that journal of June 29. Its 
pleasing lines tell the old story so dear to 
all whose childhood days were spent in 
a farmhouse. Another poem, by the 
same author, entitled Abington, recently 
published in the Friends' Intelligencer, 
praises the founders of ancient Abington 
Meeting, and the venerable house in 
which they worshiped, and the grand 
old oaks which surround and overshadow 

History op Lower Salford Township, 
in Sketches, Commencing with a History 
of Harleysville. By James Y. Heckler, 
Harleysville, Pa.: 1888. 480 pages. 

This work goes thoroughly into the 
history of Lower Salford township. The 
ownership of the farms from the original 
settlement to the present time is traced 
in many cases, and the family history of 
the settlers and their descendants is faith- 
fully given. The painstaking work ex- 
pended by Mr. Heckler in reaching this 
result cannot be calculated. A view is 
given of a part of Harleysville, as seen 
from the north. A satisfactory index 
closes the book. 

Many of the families who located in 
Lower Salford were of the Brethren (or 
Dunkard), Mennonite andSchwenkfelder 
denominations, but the Reformed and 
Lutherans were mixed with them. 

The author of the book, we understand, 
has still on hand a few copies for sale. 
His present address is Hatfield, Mont- 
gomery county. Pa. Every person inter- 
ested in our local history should have a 

John Bechtel: His Contributions to 
Literature, and His Descendants. By 
John W. Jordan. Printed for Ethan 
Allen Weaver. Philadelphia : 1895. 

We are indebted to Ethan AllenWeaver, 
Secretary of the Pennsylvania Society of 
the Sons of the Revolution, for a copy of 
the biographical sketch of Rev. John 
Bechtel, reprinted from the Pennsylvania 
Historical Magazine. Two hundred 



copies have been printed. It contains 
fifteen octavo pages. 

John Bechtel was born October 3, 1690, 
at Weinheim, in the Palatinate ; in 1726, 
he immigrated to Pennsylvania and settled 
at Germantown, where two years later he 
began to hold religious meetings for the 
German Reformed people of that 
vicinity ; in 1733, he was licensed to 
preach by Heidelberg University, and he 
ministered in a small church built on 
Market Square,Germantown ; in 1741-42 
he became associated with Henry Antes, 
John Adam Gruber, Christopher Wiegner, 
Andrew Frey, Theobald Endt and others 
in a movement for unity in efforts to 
spread the Gospel among the Germans in 
Pennsylvania ; April 18, 1742, he was or- 
dained to the ministry by Bishop David 
Nitschman, of the Moravian Church ; the 
same year he compiled a short catechism 
for use among- those Reformed people who 
were identified with the unity movement. 
In 1746, he removed to Bethlehem, Pa.; 
in April, 1777, he died at Bethlehem. 
John Bechtel married, February 15, 1715, 
Maria Appolonia Marret, a native of Hei- 
delberg. Among their descendants are 
Mrs. Sarah D. (Sebring) Hartran ft, widow 
of General John F. Hartranft, and her 

Fourth of July in Paris. 

Americans abroad never forget to cele- 
brate the Nation's birthday. The means 
provided at home may be wanting, yet 
they find a way to have a jolly time. 
Professor Albertus Shelly writes to a 
friend, under date of July, from Paris : 
"We all went out to St. Cloud. We were 
a party of five, consisting of our family, 
Mr. Dakhil, of Syria, and Miss Harriet 
Clark, of Hartford, Conn. We walked 
down Avenue d' Alma to the Seine, where 
we took the St. Cloud bateau, and after a 
most delightful ride of three-quarters of 
an hour, we arrived at the entrance to 
the historical spot. On the terrace where 
the ruins of the palace stood when we 
left Paris a year ago, we found a beauti- 
ful bed of flowers. I much prefer the 
ruins. In a shady place we spread out 

our lunch. Many toasts were given in 
honor of America. The afternoon was 
spent in playing games. At 6.. 30 we took 
the boat back to Paris, and got off at the 
Trocadero and wandered slowly home. 
We then ate dinner. At 9.30 we were 
all out on the balcony looking at the fire- 
works which some patriotic Americans 
set off in the Bois de Boulogne. At 10.30 
it became so cool that we all hunted up 
and donned our wraps and coats. At 11 
the display was finished, and we all re- 
tired, fatigued, but well contented with 
the way we spent our Fourth of July in 
'la belle Paris.' " 

Ursinus College. 

Another Conunencement has come and 
gone ; and with it the twenty-fifth anni- 
versary of the College. An unusually 
large number of the friends of the insti- 
tution attended the series of exercises of 
the week. The central feature, from our 
standpoint, was the historical address by 
President Henry T. Spangler, I). D., at 
the quarto-centennial celebration, in 
Bomberger Memorial Hall, on Tiiursday 
afternoon, June 20. 

Among the honorary degrees conferred 
by Ursinus this year were these : Doctor 
of Laws upon Prof. J. Shelly Weinberger, 
of Collegeville ; Doctor of Divinit}' upon 
Rev. Madison C. Peters, of New York 
city ; Doctor of Divinity upon Rev. O. P. 
Smith, of Pottstovvn ; Bachelor of Letters 
upon Margaret Evelyn Bechtel, Schwenks- 

The Board of Directors of the College 
has recently appointed a Committee on 
Instruction for Women, comjjosed of 
Mrs. Henry S. Dotterer, Philadelphia ; 
Mrs. A. H. Fetterolf, Girard College, 
Philadelphia; Miss Margaret F. Pauli, 
Scranton, Pa.; Miss Minerva Weinberger, 
Collegeville, Pa. 

At the Commencement of Perkiomen 
Seminary, Pennsburg, on the 28th of 
June, Rev. Chester D. Hartranft, D. D., 
of Hartford, Conn., made the address to 
the graduating class. 

The PcrkionRen Region, 

Vol. I. No. 12. AUGUST, 1895. 

Price, $1.00 per Annum. 

Issued by 

Perkiomen Publishing Company, 

P. O. Box 3!6, Pljiladelphia. 

Past and Present. 

Completion of Volume One. 

With this number The Perkiomen Re- 
gion completes its first year. In addition 
to the usual sixteen pages we give a title 
page and a copious index. To enable its 
editor to carry out plans alluded to in 
Number Eleven we shall intermit for a 
time its pul)lication. 

At this juncture it is proper that we 
acknowledge the kindness of the press 
and the public. During the year just 
ended, many words of high commenda- 
tion from friends and from influential 
publications have encouraged us in our 

Those of our subscribers who have not 
paid us will confer a favor by remitting 
promptly for Volume One, in order that 
we may close our accounts to this point. 

We have a number of bound copies of 
Volume One, which will be sold at Two 
Dollars, and which may be had by ad- 

The Perkiomen Publishing Co., 
P. O. Box 316, Philadelphia, Pa. 

We delight to tell of the valor of our 
forefathers in the War of Independence. 
In another column is given the story of 
an episode of the war of quite a different 
type, as related to Charles K. Meschter, 
of Worcester, by Abraham H. Cassel, of 
Harleysville. It is an account of the 
cruel persecution of a conscientious non- 
resistant by a squad of the Provincial 
forces, and the timely interference by 

We advert to this transaction simply 

to emphasize the anomalous condition of 
affairs which confronted our local Revolu- 
tionary leaders, owing to the peculiar 
composition of the community in this 
and other portions of Pennsylvania. In 
most parts of the Colonies there were but 
two parties — the one favoring the war for 
independence, the other supporting the 
cause of the mother country. Here was 
another element, which, restrained by 
religious considerations, espoused neither 
the one side or the other. The Friends, 
Mennonites, Dnnkers, Schwenkfelders, 
and possibly others, were opposed to 
war on grounds of religious belief, how- 
ever strong their sympathies for the cause 
of the Colonies. The presence of this 
neutral party added greatly to the per- 
plexity and delicacy and difficulty of the 
conduct of the war, and of the mainte- 
nance of a constant and hopeful public 
sentiment in favor of the cause. 

The experience of Christopher Sower 
shows how his peace principles were 
misunderstood. The mistaken zeal of 
the Continental soldiers jeopardized the 
cause which they meant to uphold. Yet 
it was quite natural, at that time of doubt 
and of the desperate chances of the out- 
come of the struggle, that such things 
should occur. 

Our Anteses, our Hiesters and our 
Muhlenbergs — these men of war who 
kept our people steadily up to the sup- 
port of the battle for freedom — always 
recognized and respected the scruples of 
the peace-practicing denominations. Born 
and bred amongst them, they knew the 



wor^th and moral strength of their sincere 
non-armsbearing neiglibors, and there is 
not on record the utterance of a harsh 
word or the committal of an unkind act 
by them against those who could not 
conscientiously support or oppose the 
war of the Revolution. 

A Pair of Revolutionary Captains. 


In the year 1777, the mih"tiaof Philadel- 
phia county was organized into seven bat- 
talions of eight companies each. The col- 
onels commanding these battalions were : 
1st, Daniel Hiester ; 2d, John Moore ; 
3d, Benjamin McVeagh ; 4th, William 
Dean J 5th, Robert Curry ; 6th, Fi-eder- 
ick Antes ; 7th, Isaac Warner. Tlie 
captains in command of the eight com- 
panies of the Sixth Battalion were : 1st, 
John Brooke ; 2d, Benjamin Brooke ; 3d, 
Peter Lower; 4th, Philip Hahn ; 5th, 

Ricliards ; 6th, Michael Dotterer ; 

7th, Reed ; 8th, Childs. 

The militia companies were divided into 
eight classes. Captain Dotterer's company 
was mustered May 26, 1777. It consisted 
of all the men liable to military duty in 
Frederick township and of part of those 
of Limerick township. In August, 1777, 
the entire eight classes were called upon 
to march. On the 11th day of Septem- 
ber, 1777, while the battle of Brandy- 
wine was going on, the Sixth Battalion, 
Colonel Frederick Antes commanding, of 
which Captain Dotterer's formed a part, 
was ordered to rendezvous immediately at 
Swede's Ford, the lower end of Norris- 
town, by the Supreme Executive Council, 
then in session at Philadelphia and in 
possession of advices of the engagement 
then being fonglit with disastrous results 
to our army. Subsequently, probably in 
the spring of 1778, the first four classes 
of the Sixtli Battalion were again called 

The names of all the members of Cap- 
tain Dotterer's company are not at this 
writing known to be extant. About 
twenty years ago, it is stated, there was 
at Harrisburg a list of names supposed to 
be those of Michael Dotterer's company, 
but it is not believed to be there now ; 

yet it is to be hoped it may, under the 
diligent and faithful care of the State 
Librarian, Wm. H. Egle, M. D., be re- 
covered and preserved. There are pub- 
lished lists of delinquents who were 
fined and who paid fines for non-attend- 
ance at the muster May 26, 1777, and for 
non-performance of their tour of duty 
when called to march. Of those who 
failed to attend muster, but who do not 
appear delinquent when called to march, 
— that is, who did march when called — 
were Francis Bard, Henry Boyer, Valen- 
tine Boyer, John Dotterer, Philip Leidig, 
and Henry Sassaman. Many of the men 
whose names are in the list of those 
fined for failing to march are of the non- 
armsbearing religious societies, who 
could not conscientiously take the field, 
but who were nevertheless liable for the 
penalties — which they paid. Those who 
responded to every demand of the Con- 
gress cannot be identified, except in the 
case of the officers. 

From the published military accounts 
of Pennsylvania is extracted this item 
from the statemen'., rendered by William 
Antes, a Sub-Lieutenant for Philadelphia 
county : 
United States, Dr. 

To William Antes, Esq. 
"Paid Capt. Michael Dottera, amount 
of his pay roll, Feb. 28, 1778. £321 10 0" 

After the Revolutionary War, uj)on 
the depreciation of Continental money, 
the State of Pennsylvania made good to 
the soldiers of the war their losses, in 
part at least. Land owned by the State 
was donated to the survivors ; but as it 
was not saleable, little benefit was derived 
from the State's gift, and in many cases 
the taxes were not paid and the land 
was sold for the taxes. In an index of 
those who received Depreciation Pay from 
the State is the name of Michael Dotter- 
er. No other information is given ; but 
the editor in charge of the publication 
of the State Archives is finding old paji- 
ers from time to time, which, when 
thoroughly examined, may thi'ow addi- 
tional light upon this subject. 

Cai)tain Michael Dotterer was born in 
Frederick township, Philadelphia (now 
Montgomery) county, October 31, 1735. 



His parents were Michael Dotterer (son 
of George Philip and Veronica Dotterer, 
who came to Pennsylvania in 1722 or 
earlier) and Anna Maria Fisher, daughter 
of Jacob and Sophia Elizabeth Fischer. 
Michael Dotterer, our subject, married 
(first) Anna Reiff, and (second) Catharine 
Reifl". Anna Reiff and Catharine Reiff 
were sisters. 

November 14, 1763, Michael Dotterer 
purchased of his parents two adjoining 
tracts of land— one of one hundred and 
fifty acres, tlie other of fifty acres— in 
Frederick township on the northeast side 
of Society run, and facing New Hanover 
township. In 1765, he purchased thirty- 
six acres adjoining the foregoing in Fred- 
erick township. In 1776, he was assessed 
for 220 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows. In 1784, 
he had 220 acres, 4 horses and 4 cows. 
In 1799, he is taxed for one cow and one 

In the tax duplicate of 1793 for Freder- 
ick township is this memorandum : 
"Please return a suitable person for col- 
lector-Francis Leidy or Michael Dotterer." 

Michael Dotterer lived in the house 
(still standing, but enlarged) on the east 
bank of Society run, on his farm. He died 
here on the 12th of March, 1811, and was 
buried in what is now Bertolet's Burying 
Ground, in Frederick township. AnnaReiff, 
his first wife, was born February 23,1741 ; 
she died Jaiuiary 30, 1766. The pastor of 
the New Hanover Lutheran church made 
this entry of her burial where now is 
Bertolet's Burying Ground : 

"Februarius den Isten 1766. 1st dem 
junge Michael Dotterer Ehfrau auf Zach- 
arias Nyce land begraben worden. Alt 
24 Jahr 11 monat und 1 woch." 

Catharine Reiff, his second wife, was 
born February 11, 1745, and died Novem- 
16, 1820. She is also buried at Bertolet's. 

The editor of The Perkiomen Region 
is a great-grandson of Michael Dotterer, 
the line of descent being : Michael Dot- 
terer (October 31, 1735-March 12, 1811); 
Conrad Dotterer (April 9, 1769-Septem- 
ber29, 1827); Philip Dotterer (August 4, 
1809-July 21, 1884); Henry S. Dotterer 
(February 16, 1841 ). 

Michael Dotterer was a member of the 

Reformed church. When parties were 
formed, he accepted the political views of 
Thomas Jefferson. 

The children of Michael and Anna 
(Reiff) Dotterer were: 

Philippina Dotterer, born June 22, 
1761 ; married (first) July 3, 1781, Henry 
Maurer, and (second) George Walter. 

Philip Dotterer, born July 17, 1763; 

married Anna Mary Nyce ;diedinTinicum 

township, Bucks county. Pa., April 15, 
1845. -^ ' F 

Peter Dotterer, born about 1765. He 

married Elizabeth . They 

had three children in 1808. Peter Dot- 
terer died before July 16, 1808, at which 
date his father made his will. 

Michael Dotterer, born Jaimary 30, 
1766; married, August 10, 1791, Maria 
Margaret Hillegas ; died in Limerick 
township, November 28, 1824. His wife, 
daughter of Conrad and Marie Margaretha 
Hillegas, of Upper Hanover township, 
was born August 3, 1769, and died Febru- 
ary 25, 1837. They are buried at Falk- 
ner Swamp Reformed church. 

Children of Michael and Catharine 
(Reiff) Dotterer: 

John Dotterer, born in 1767 ; baptized 
December 25, 1767; married Elizabeth 
Hoffman ; died in Adams county, Pa., 
June 25, 1836. 

Conrad Dotterer, born April 9, 1769 ; 
married Catharine Younkin, of Nocka- 
mixou township, Bucks county ; died 
September 29 1827, Catharine Youn- 
kin, daughter of John Younkin, was born 
August 25, 1777, and died September 16, 
1840. They are buried at Bertolet's. 

Anna Maria Dotterer, born May 11, 
1773 ; married, June 16, 1799, Jacob 
Smith ; died January 18, 1854. Jacob 
Smith was born October 17, 1777, and 
died January 15, 1854. They are buried 
at Limerick church. 

Catharina Dotterer, born August 6, 
1778; married Wendel Weand; died 
June 29, 1857. Wendel Weand was born 
August 8, 1772, and died November 23, 
1846. They are buried at Falkner Swamp 
Reformed church. 


A half mile west from Michael Dotter- 



er's home, across the township Hne, 'in 
New Hanover township, lived Philip 
Hahn, captain of the Fourth company of 
the Sixth Battalion. He owned a farm 
of 250 acres. 

In the State records, Philip Hahn 
appears as Captain of a company in the 
years 1777, '78 and '79. In 1779 the 
Sixth Battalion was commanded by Ma- 
jor Peter Richards, commissioned April 
3, 1779. From the Pennsylvania Ar- 
chives we copy the names of Captain 
Philip Hahn's company in the Fourth 
Battalion in 1778 : 

Muster Roll of Cai)tain Philip Hahn's 
Company, of the Fourth Battalion, Regi- 
ment of Foot, in the service of the United 
States, commanded by Colonel William 
Dean, in Philadel[)hia County Militia, 
December 22, 1778. 
Captain — Philip Hahn 
First Lieutenant — Frederick Baer, on 

Second Lieutenant — Jonathan Custerd 
Ensign — George Enhard 
Sergeants — Peter Baer, app. December 8, 
John Bleth, app. December 8, 1778 
Henry Engle, app. December 8, 1778; 

on furlough 
William Jones, app. December 8, 1778 
Corporals — Jacob Hill, app. December 8, 
Jacob Barral, app. December 8, 1778 
Jacob Kern, " " " " 

JohnBaws, " " " "; ab- 

Drummer and Fifer — George Sheffy, app. 

Dec. 8, 1778. 
Privates — Bernard Freyer, Dec. 8, 1778; 
on furlough 
George Steinrock, Dec. 8, 1778 ; absent 

Peter Ker , Dec. 8, 1778 

Jacob Higter, do 

Jacob Cusser, do 

V Henry Slonaker, do 
John Smith, do 

John Stophlet, do absent 
~ Michael Slonaker, do 
John Latder, do 

Godfried Wisler, do 
John Newman, do 
Martin Zillor, do 

Conrad Miller, Dec. 8, 1778 

Peter Freen, do 

David Lessigh, do 

Henry Kurtz, do sick 

Andrew Smith, do 

Benj. Cassell>erger, do 

George Minhow, do 

Henry Erb, do 

Martin Miller, do 

John Miller, do 

Philip Schrack, do 

Abram Dotterow, do 

Henry Dilckham, do 

Henry PfaltzgrofF, do 

Jacob Mathacy, do 

Jacob Missimer, do 

John Eschbach, do 

Abraham Pool, do absent 

John Willauer, do 

Valentine Bollig, do 

Henry Reinhart, do 

Philip Krebs, do on furlough 

Thomson, do 

Filbert, do 


John Frye, do absent 

John Green, do 

Charles Newman, do absent 

John McCallister, do 

Peter Miller, do 

Christian Zoller, do absent 

Jacob Brendel, do 

December 22, 1778, mustered 
then Captain Philip Hahn's 
company, as specified in the 
above roll. 

Lewis Nicola, I. M. & Com. 
Must, pro tempore. 

Captain Philip Hahn was the son of 
Philip Hahn, the immigrant, who set- 
tled in New Hanover township, west of 
Society run, near the present New Han- 
over Square, as early as 1729, having 
bought land there on the 4th day of 
April of that year. Philip Hahn. the 
younger, was born March 31, 173fi. He 
married, on the 12th of May, 1761, Anna 
Margaretha Hiester, daughter of Daniel 
Hiester, the immigrant, of Old Goshen- 
hoppen, and sister to General Daniel 
Hiester. The marriage ceremony was 
performed by Rev. George Michael 
Weiss, of the German Reformed church, 
of which the Hahn and Hiester families 



were members. Tlie children from this 
union were : 

Catharine Hahn, born May 20, 1762 ; 
married, October 7, 1784, Johannes Mey- 
er, son of Isaac Meyer, the founder of 
Meyerstown, Pa. 

Susanna Hahn, born November 6, 1764; 
married John Henry Antes, a son of 
Colonel Frederick Antes, of Frederick 
township; died, June 19, 1843, in North- 
umberland, Pa. 

Philip Hahn, born September 20, 1769; 
married Mary Van Buskirk ; died at Nor- 
ristown, January 7, 18.37. 

Anna Margaretha Hahn, born Novem- 
ber 13, 1773, married, October 15, 1795, 
Rev. William Hendel. 

John Hahn, born October .30, 1776 ; 
was a physician and was elected to Con- 
gress ; died in New Hanover, F'ebruary 
26, 1823. His wife was Margaret Swoyer, 
daughter of Henry and Margaret Swoyer. 

Piiilip Halm died on the 16th day of 
April, 1821. Margaret Hq,hn, his wife, 
was born June 26, 1743, and died Febru- 
ary 11, 1820. They are buried at Falk- 
ner Swamp Reformeil church. 

Philip Hahn, our subject, came into 
possession of the Hahn homstead, consist- 
ing of 265 acres and 145 perches, by grant 
from his father on the 21st day of April, 
1761. He was a member of the building 
committee of the Falkner Swamp Re- 
formed congregation, in 1790, when a 
new house of worship was erected. 

Traveller, Missionary and Auttior. 


(Continued from No. 11,) 

Rev. John Antes Latrobe, a grandson 
of John Antes' sister, communicated to 
Mr. Snyder some particulars bearing up- 
on the ingenuity and skill of the subject 
of our sketch : "He never practiced 
watch-making in this country except as 
an amusement. He had a little closet in 
his house at Fulnec, where he had a 
turning lathe and other things, with the 
aid of which he made a number of me- 
chanical contrivances. A watch that he 
had made of a peculiar construction was 

by his widow left to me, but as it was 
almost half the size of a town clock, and 
I had no fob large enough to hold it, and 
as, besides, it had got sadly out of order, 
I gave it to brother Peter, who still has 
it. He was a man of remarkable me- 
chanical turn, and invented, among 
other things, a mode of tui-ning over the 
leaves of a music book by the foot, so 
leaving the hands free, whether at the 
piano or violincello. Having read the 
account of some accident by a horse run- 
ning away in the gig, he contrived some- 
thing whereby a horse under such cir- 
cumstances might be at once loosed from 
the vehicle ; but I never heard of the 
invention being applied, or indeed brought 
to completion." 

James Bruce, the celebrated traveler, in 
his great work, entitled Travels to Discover 
the Source of the Nile in 1768-73, notices 
Mr. Antes in these favorable terms : 

"There was a very ingenious gentleman 
whom I met with at Cairo, Mr. Antes, a 
German by birth, of the Moravian per- 
suasion, who, both to open to himself 
more freely the opportunity of propogat- 
ing his religious tends, and to gratify his 
own mechanical turn, rather than for any 
views of gain, to which all his society are, 
as he was, perfectly indifferent, exercised 
the trade of watchmaker at Cairo. This 
very worthy and sagacious young man 
was often my unwearied and useful part- 
ner in many inquiries and trials as to the 
manner of executing some instruments, 
in the most compendious form, for ex- 
periments proposed to be made in my 
travels. By his assistance I found a rod 
of brass of one-half an inch square and of 
a thickness which did not easily warp, 
and would not alter its dimensions unless 
with violent heat ; upon the faces of this 
brazen rod with good glasses and dividers 
he marked the measure of 3 different 
pecks, then the only three known in Cairo, 
the exact length of which was taken from 
the standard model furnished by the Cadi. 
The first was the Stambuline or Constan- 
tinople peck exactly 26? inches ; the 
second Vendaizy of 24 9-12 inches ; the 
third the peck of El Belledy of 22 inches, 
— all I^nglish measure." 




Rev. John Antes Latrobe, of St. Thomas 
Parsonage, Kendal, England, under date 
of May 12, 1858, wrote to Antes Snyder, 
Esq., a letter from which are taken tiie 
following additional extracts concerning 
John Antes : 

". . . Something I may however 
communicate respecting my father's 
uncle, after whom I am called, John 
Antes. 1 knew him as a mere boy, being 
at the early age of live years sent to 
school at the very place, Fulnec, in York- 
shire, where he was residing. He was 
the Warden of the Moravian settlement 
there, a sort of stewar'd of the property 
and state. I remember him as a very tall, 
stately man, very taciturn and of man- 
ners not particularly inviting to children, 
not being of a playful turn, so that I re- 
member how astonished I was when 
standing in the middle of the room once 
when he was walking to and fro, being 
in his way, he lifted up his leg and stood 
over my head — a feat he would not have 
been able to perforin now, as I have shot 
up to his height, 6 feet 3 inches. When 
I was about seven or eight years of age, 
he left the place and retired to Bristol, 
where he died in 1811. . . . He pub- 
lished a quarto volume entitled. Observa- 
tions on Egypt, Its Climate, Etc., a work 
which made some stir at the time, and is 
quoted by contemporary writers, among 
the rest Highland's Letters on History, 
and Miss I^dgeworth's Tales, one of 
which was in fact founded on the in- 
formation given in the book of the plague. 

. . . I have the bound copy of his 
work which' belonged to him, it being left 
to me by the widow, with a MS. critique 
on Savery's Travels in Egypt. It is a 
pity there was nobody at hand capable of 
appreciating his very superior powers of 
observation, for he might have made a 
much more full and elaborate account of 
his stay in Egypt had he been duly en- 
couraged ..." 

John Antes, who married when some- 
what advanced in life, had no children. 
He never returned to America, and con- 
sequently never revisited the place of his 

birth, in the valley of Swamp creek. His 
career was a remarkable one ; especially 
so when viewed in the light of the in- 
auspicious circumstances and limited op- 
portunities which attended him in his ear- 
ly years. The vicissitudes which marked 
his journeyings have the elements of 
romance, but the purpose which prompt- 
ed him throughout all were of nobler, 
higher origin than love of adventure. 
Unfaltering devotion to duty and perfect 
faith in the religion of Christ were the 
principles which guided him through 
life. His father's prayer on his natal 
day was answered 

Henry Antes, the father of John Antes, 
tlie missionary, was a conspicuous man 
in the Colonial period. An account of 
his life may be found in the paper read 
before the Deutscher Pionier Verein, in 
the Hall of the German Society of Phila- 
delphia, on April 28, 1882, by Henry S. 
Dotterer. Thi-^ paper was i^ublished about 
that time in the Schvvenksville Item, and 
is in the library of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. 

Investigations made at Freinsheim, in 
the Palatinate of the Rhine, show that 
Henry Antes was born there, July 17,1701, 
His parents were Philip Frederick and 
Anna Catharine Antes. Tlie Freinsheim 
Reformed church book gives the family 
record in full as follows : 

Philipp Freiderich Antes ; Eliefrau 
Anna Katharine. 

Kinder : 

1. Johann Henrich, 17 Juli, 1701. 

2. Johann Jakob, 17 Okt., 170;]. 

3. Johann Sebastian, 14 Sept., 1706. 

4. Konrad, 25 Aug., 1709. 

5. Marie Elisabeth, 29 M-irz, 1711. 

(Tlie End) 

Christopher Sower. 


I am indebted to the antiquarian, Abra- 
ham H. Cassel, for facts regarding the 
life of this great philanthropist, publish- 
er, preacher of the gospel, and benefactor. 

Christopher Sower, son of Christopher 
Sower, was born in Laasphe, Witgenstein, 
Prussia, September 26, 1721; emigrated to 



the Province of Peinisj'lvaiiia in the 
spring of 1724, and resided in '^erinan- 
town until the spring of 1726. He then 
moved to the present Lancaster county at 
Miihlbach (Mill-creek), where he resid- 
ed until 1731, whence he removed to 
Germantown. He became a member of 
the Brethren Church and was regenerated 
by holy baptism February 24, 17.37. He 
then became a poor-server or deacon 
(Armen diener) in May, 1747; was made 
minister in 174S, and in June, 17.53, was 
promoted to the office of elder or bishop. 
"Multifarious as his secular engagements 
were (it is said tliat as many as twenty- 
four different trades and occupations 
were carried on under his superintend- 
ence), he yet found time to write, and 
/treafh, and to travel a great deal." When 
he removed to Germantown from Lan- 
caster he built a large house, on the 
second story of which the Brethren held 
their meetings, as the adherents of that 
doctrine had no meeting-house. His fath- 
er had established in Germantown a 
printing-establishment, a laboratory, a 
drug-store, book-l)indery, a paper-mill, 
etc., and these the eon continued at his 
father's death, which occured in 1758. He 
contimied, uninterrupted, in his business 
until the American Revolution liroke up 
his establishment, which now brings us 
to the Sower incident of the Revolution- 
ary war. 

Christoplier Sower, as above mention- 
ed, was an adherent of the Brethren faith; 
they, as well as the Friends, were oppos- 
ed to war. The idea was prevalent, it 
seems, that those who did not engage in 
warfare for the cause of American liberty 
sided with King George IIL of England, 
or were Tories, as such were called. 
Christopher Sower was a true American 
patriot, though, according to his belief, 
his conscience would not sanction armed 
resistance; for this, then, he was pro- 
nounced a Tory — which he was not. He 
was also very wealthy ; for this the 
officers tried every artifice to obtain his 
vast estates. They accused him of being 
a traitor and a foe to liberty. On May 
24, 1778, at 10 o'clock at night, a party of 
Captain McLean's company surrounded 

Sower's house, took him out of bed and 
started him on his march to Valley Forge 
— to Washington's encampment — in his 
nightclothes, bareheaded and barefooted. 
Thus they started him on his inarch over 
the cornstubble fields (for the field had 
been unploughed in the Spring) that his 
tracks could be traced by the blood that 
oozed from his shoeless feet. When he 
did not march rapidly enough for his 
cruel officers they prodded him in the 
back with their bayonets. The night 
was so intensely dark that they crept in- 
to Sebastian Miller's barn and there stay- 
ed until morning. Here he was shameful! j'^ 
abused ; a part of his beard was cut off 
and — Miller being a shop-carpenter— they 
secured paint and smeared it on his face 
and remaining beard. This jn'oved a 
sore trial for Sower; the paint dried and 
made him feel very disagreeable. The 
paint could not be easily removed until a 
Hessian soldier sometime later prescribed 
a recipe for its removal. The day they 
left Sebastian Miller's barn proved to be 
a very hot day. The sun shining upon 
his bare and bald head caused him severe 
headaches and his bare feet were still 
bleeding. A friend by the name of 
Keyser took compassion on him. Keyser 
asked the officers in charge if they wovald 
let Sower retain a hat and shoes if he 
gave them to him, and not appropriate 
them to themselves. The soldiers con- 
sented to the proffer, so Keyser took off 
his own good shoes and his hat and gave 
them to Sower. They had only gone 
about six miles when a soldier came and 
demanded Sower's shoes and gave in 
place of them his "old slabs." These old 
shoes were so poor that they were worse 
than none. In such wretchedness Sower 
came to the Provost — in this sense a man 
who executes punishments, etc. — at Val- 
ley Forge. He was here several days in 
torment and misery when Washington 
happened to pass through — Washington 
and Sower were intimately acquainted, 
Sower printing proclamations, etc., for 
Washington — when he spied Sower. 
"Why, Mr. Sower! How do you look?" 
remarked the commander-in-chief. "Just 
as your people made me," was the prompt 



reply. In the miitimus of Sower he was 
accused of being "an oppressor of the 
righteous and a spy." Washington now 
dismissed him honorably and clothed him 
decently. Sower could not conscientious- 
ly take the oath to the State, as was requir- 
ed by those who engaged in war, and 
hence was not permitted to go to his 
Germantown home. He, however, secur- 
ed a pass through the influence of Wash- 
ington, which reads as follows: "Permit 
the bearer hereof, Mr. Sower, to pass 
from hence to Methatchy, not to return 
to Germantown during the stay of the 
enemy in this State. He behaving as be- 
cometh. Given under my hand at the 
orderly office this thirtieth day of May, 
1778." Nicholas Gilman, 

Assoc. Adjt. General. 

Methatchey was a region with indefin- 
ite bounds, embracing the present site of 
Fairview Village, Montgomery county. 
Pa. Washington knew that this was a 
Brethren settlement, and knew a well-to- 
do Brother by the name of Cunrad 
Stamm. Cunrad Stamm then owned the 
farm now owned by Daniel M. Anders ; 
on Stamm' s farm were two houses, one 
the pioneer hut, the other the Stamm 
residence. To this man Sower came, who 
took him into custody, giving him and 
Sower's daughter the hut in wliich to 
spend their remaining days. Sower was 
one of the wealthiest men in German- 
town, but marauders, as they were, de- 
prived him of all his real estate and 
personal property, he even begging them 
to let him retain his spectacles, which 
was finally done. 

A man, one of the most benevolent, 
philanthropic,and wealthy of the colonies, 
was thus undeserved! yeast into abject pov- 
erty. His financial acquisitions, gained 
honestly, may have been wrenched from 
him by avaricious spoilers,but they could 
not mar the essence of that noble nature ; 
he eked out his existence in his little hut 
at Fairview'Village, and preached almost 
until the day of his death. He died, and 
lies buried in the burying-ground of the 
Methacton Mennonite meeting-house, 
near the home of his last years. The 
reason that he was not buried in tlie pres- 

ent Brethren burying-ground there is 
that then no burial place was attached to 
that house of worship. A plain gravestone 
has been erected to his memory by his 
descendants, on which is inscribed an 
epitaph supposed to have been composed 
by him. 

Following are the verses that reveal the 
implicit faith of that great man : 

"Death, thou hast conquered me ; 

'Twas by thy dart I'm slain; 
But Christ shall conquer thee. 
And I shall rise again. 

"Time hastens on the hour. 
The just shall rise again ; 

Oh ! Grave, where is thy power? 
Oh ! Death, where is thy sting?" 

Charles K. Meschter, 
Worcester, Pa. 

A 5etTii=Centenn!al Celebration. 

The semi-centennial anniversary of 
the Declaration of Independence was 
celebrated at Swamp, New Hanover 
township, on the 15th of July, 1826. 
There was a parade and a banquet. The 
veterans of the Revolution wore badges 
and were especially honored. The late 
Henry Yerger, of New Hanover Square, 
informed the writer that these old soldiers 
of the Revohition were present: Freder- 
ick Beiteman, M. D., John Smith, Con- 
rad Smith, John Hill, Henry Palsgrove, 
Christian Specht, George Gilbert, Henry 
Bernhart, Henry Freyer, Jacob Schnei- 
der. Lieutenant Kendall proposed this 
toast : "The veneraljle soldiers of the 
Revolution assembled here this day — 
Time has not diminished their zeal, nor 
their country's gratitude for their services 
in the glorious cause of Virtue, Liberty 
and Independence." The celebration 
was held on the 15th, instead of the 4th 
of July, in order not to interfere with 


Peter Richards, of New Hanover town- 
ship, commanded the Sixth Battalion of 
Philadelphia County Militia in 1779. He 
was a Sub-Lieutenant in the Fall of 1779 
and the Spring of 1780. 


Taxables of New Hanover Township for 1779. 


[The Perkiomen Region is again indebted to Historian Buck for a most important 
contribution to our local history of the Revolutionary era. The large and populou^ 
township of New Hanover was an interesting factor in the momentous occurrences of 
that time. It comprised the territory of the Manatawny tract of 22,377 acres, except 
that part cut off to form a part of Upper Hanover township. It fronted on the Schuyl- 
kill river, and extended northeastwardly to the western limits of Upper Hanover. 
Pottsgrove townsiiip had not been erected. The broad and fertile valley of Swamp 
Creek lay halfway between its eastern and western bounds. This township, with its 
hardy and patriotic inhabitants and its productive farms, was looked to for men, 
clothing, provisions, forage, horses and wagons. The names of its taxables, their oc- 
cupations and the nature of their possessions are conveyed in the assessment list dis- 
covered by Mr. Buck and now for the first time communicated to the world. — Ed.] 

George Ditrich Bucher, Assessor. 

Moses Bender, Collector. 

William Antes, 2 horses, 4 cows, and for John Betz 60 acres. 

William Antes, for Frederick Antes estate. 

Nicholas Barninger, farmer, 100 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows. 

Frederick Barr, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Peter Barr, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Jacob Barral, laborer, 20 acres, 2 cows. 

Adam Bartman, weaver, 27 acres, 2 cows. 

George Bechtell, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Isaac Bechtell, weaver, 50 acres. 

Jacob Bechtell, joyner, 60 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Martin Bechtell, farmer, 250 acres, 4 horses, 7 cows. 

Samuel Bechtell, joyner, 1 cow ; for Henry Gibson's estate, 30 acres. 

George Beecley, laborer, 1 cow. 

Anthony Bender, farmer, 95 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Jacob Bender, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

John Bender. 

Moses Bender, farmer, 200 acres, 3 horses, 4 cows. 

Jacob Bern hart, laborer, 1 cow. 

Jacob Bishop, 1 horse, 3 cows. 

Anthony Bitting, retailer, 1 horse. 

Joseph Bitting, farmer, 280 acres, 4 horses, 5 cows. 

Christian Bleem, farmer, 300 acres, 3 horses, 6 cows, 1 servant. 

John Blett, farmer, 65 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Widow Bolich, .39 acres, 1 horse, 3 cows. 

Benjamin Bonsell, 45 acres, 2 cows. 

Jacob Bowman, smith, 50 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Adam Brant, clockmaker, 22 acres, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

Jacob Brant, laborer, 10 acres, 1 cow. 

Michael Brant, farmer, 150 acres, 3 horses, 5 cows. 

John Brook, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

George Bucher, farmer, 244 acres, 4 horses, 4 cows. 

Sebastian Bucher's estate, for Widow Bucher, 100 acres. 

Sigmund Burger, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

David Burkhart, fanner, 100 acres, 2 horses, 5 cows. 

George Burkhart. 


George Burkhert, Sr., miller, 100 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows, 1 grist mill. 

John Clayfield, weaver. 

David Conner, laborer, 1 cow. 

Sebastian Cook. 

Martin Dagenbach, 29 acres, 2 horses, -2 cows. 

Samuel Davis, farmer, 140 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Peter Dehaven, 2 horses, 1 cow. 

Jacob Dennj', 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Henry Dering, 100 acres, 2 cows, one grist mill. 

Philip Dering, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

John Detier, laborer, 2 cows. 

Bernhart Dotterer, farmer, 150 acres, 1 servant, 2 horses, 4 cows, tax £17 15 4. 

John Diifrane, laborer, I cow. 

George Eberhart, wheelwriglit, 54 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

George Adam Egolf, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Jacob Egolf. 

Michael Egolf. 

Widow Eichelberger, 50 acres, 2 horses, 1 cow. 

Caspar Erb, farmer, 60 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Frederick Ernst, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Adam Feadley. 

Michael Feadley, 150 acres, 2 horses, 5 cows, grist mill. 

John Feagley, 1 cow. 

Philip Fisher. 

Frederick Fogel, tanner, 35 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Thomas Forster, weaver, 130 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Adam Fox. 

Ludwig Frankenberger. 

Adam Freed. 

John Freed, weaver, 2 cows. 

Philip Freed. 

Samuel Freed. 

Jacob Freese. 

Martin Frets, laborer, 1 cow. 

Henry Freyer, laborer, 1 cow. 

Joseph Freyer, farmer, 75 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Adam Garber. 

John Garber, farmer, 30 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Jacob Gasha, retailer, 1 cow. 

George Michael Gebhart, infirm, 45 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Joseph Geist, farmer, 50 acres, 1 liorse, 3 cows. 

Widow Gerber. 

Christopher Garrett (Garrett), blacksmith, 100 acres, 1 servant, 2 horses, 5 cows. 

James Gerret. 

John Getzelman, 2 acres. 

George Gilbert, taylor, 15 acres, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

Jacob Greesinger, farmer, 75 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

John Groff, weaver, 1 cow. 

Abraham Grubb, farmer, 100 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

George Grubb. 

Henry Grubb, infirm, 33 acres, 2 horses, 1 cow. 

Jacob Grubb, farmer, 170 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Peter Guht, 1 horse, 2 cows ; for Widow Kepner's estate, 100 acres. 


William Haffes. 

Philip Hahn, farmer, 250 acres, 3 horses, 6 cows. 

Barney Hart, 17 horses, 1 cow. 

Philip Hartman, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Detrich Hassinger, 1 horse 

Widow Herbel, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

George Herbst, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

Michael Hilbert, farmer, 150 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Michael Hinterleiter, innkeeper, 160 acres, 2 horses, 6 cows. 

Jacob Hoober. 

Jacob Hooven, 1 horse, 4 cows ; for Rees Evans, 100 acres. 

Mathias Hooven, 3 liorses, 4 cows. 

Benedict Horning, 12 acres, 1 cow. 

William Jones, mason, 1 cow. 

Jacob Kalb, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Jacob Kehl, blacksmith, 150 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

John Reiser, 3 horses, 2 cows, for Thomas Pugh's estate. 

Andrew Kepner, farmer, 120 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

David Kepner'e estate. 

Henry Kepner, innkeeper, 1 horse, 1 cow. 
William Kepner, potter, 50 acres, 1 horse, 1 cow. 
Jacob Kern, laborer, 1 cow. 

Peter Kerner, laborer, 2 cows. 

John King, wagoner, 40 acres, 3 horses, 1 cow. 

Adam Kleckner, mason, dwelling and 1 cow. 
Joseph Kolb. farmer, 100 acres, 2 liorses, 3 cows. 
George Krambach, farmer, 109 acres, 4 horses, 4 cows. 
Valentine Krause, farmer, 130 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Adam Krebs, farmer, 150 acres, 3 horses, 5 cows. 

Michael Krebs, innkeeper, 150 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Michael Kurtz, farmer, 150 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Joshua Lambater, butcher, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

WMdow Lenderman, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

Adam Liebenguht, farmer, 200 acres, 3 cows. 

Daniel Linsenbigler, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Paul Linsenbigler, farmer, 88 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Peter Loch, farmer, 40 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

John Lorash, farmer, 95 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Widow McCall, 15 acres, 1 cow. 

John McCallister, laborer, 1 cow. 

Widow McClintock, for Thomas May's estate, 2 acres. 

Alexander McMichael, retailer, 15 acres, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

Jacob Maltsburger, farmer, 200 acres, 1 servant, 4 horses, 4 cows. 

Benjamin Markley, blacksmith, 100 acres. 

Joseph Maybury, laborer, 1 cow. 

John Mater, laborer, 1 cow. 

Frederick Mathew, mason, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

Jacob Mechlein, farmer, 70 acres, 2 horses, 1 cow. 

Benjatnin Mercle, farmer, 126 acres, 3 horses, 5 cows. 

Casimer Messimer, farmer, 200 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Henry Messimer, tanner. 

Henry Meyer. 

Anthony Miller, 2 horses. 


Jacob Miller. 

John Miller. 

Martin Miller. 

Michael Miller, 1 horse, 3 cows. 

Nicholas Miller, farmer, 140 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Peter Miller. 

Philip Miller, joyner, 1 horse, 2 cows, for Abraham Saylor. 

Benedict Mintz, farmer, 100 acres, 1 horee, 1 cow. . 

Daniel Narregang, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Neidig, farmer, 128 acres, 2 horses, 5 cows. 

Jacob Neighman (Neeman), taylor, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Charles Newman, farmer, 83 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Henry Newman, farmer, 100 acres, 1 horse, 4 cows. 

Jacob Paltsgrove, laborer, 2 cows. 

Abraham Pool. 

Nicholas Pool, farmer, i)o acres, 1 horse, 3 cows. 

Samuel Potts, 40 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Frederick Reifner, 1 cow, for Thomas Pugh's estate. 

Sebastian Reifsnyder, 190 acres, 3 horses, 7 cows. 

Wendel Reninger, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Philip Reyer, laborer, 1 cow. 

John Richards, farmer, 320 acres, 3 horses, 3 cows. 

Samuel Roads, 1 cow, for Patrick Henlyt. 

Thomas Rutter, 50 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows, 1 negro. 

Conrad Saylor, 1 cow, for Jacob Strouse's estate 

John Sackman, farmer, 117 acres, 2 horses, 1 cow. 

Christian Sackreiter, farmer, 70 acres, 1 horse, 3 cow.s. 

Conrad Schleiger. 

Martin Sensenderfer, farmer, 125 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

John'Seiss, for John Paul's estate. 

George Shseffy, laborer, 1 cow. 

William Shaffer's estate, 108 acres. 

Jacob Shaffner, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

George Shaner, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 5 cows. 

Isaac Shants, cordwainer, 50 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Jacob Shants, farmer, 150 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows, for Robert Stevenson's estate. 

Jacob Shants, farmer, 150 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Widow Sheaffy, for Jacob Liebenguth's 100 acres. 

Widow Shiner, 100 acres, 1 horse, 3 cows. 

John Shuler, 2 horses, 1 cow. 

Ludwick Shuster, laborer, 2 cows. 
■ George Adam Slonecker, farmer, 100 acres, 4 horses, 3 cows. 
r Widow Sloneker, 100 acres, 2 horses, 4 cows. 

Andrew Smith, innkeeper, 450 acres, 3 horses, 6 cows. 

Conrad Smith, farmer, 40 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

John Smith. 

John Smith, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 6 cows. 

Lawrence Smith, laborer, 1 cow. 

Philip Jacob Smith, farmer, 150 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. < 

Thomas Smith, farmer, 50 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Henry Snyder, farmer, 140 acres, 4 horses, 4 cows. 

Henry Snyder, Jr., farmer, 160 acres, 4 horses, 4 cows. 

Jacob Snyder. 



John Snyder. 

Widow Snyder, 47 acres, 2 cows. 

John Specht. 

Peter Specht. 

Peter Steltz, farmer, 100 acres, 2 horses, 5 cows. 

George Strauss, laborer, 40 acres, 2 cows. 

John Strohm, weaver, 2 cows. 

Jacob Strouss, aged and infirm, 100 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

WiUiam Tliompson. 

Jacob VanBuskirk. 

LeoDard Walter, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Christian Wanneniacher, farmer, 113 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Adam Wartner ( Wartman?) ( AdamWarthman, wheel wright), 160 acres,3 horses,4 cows. 

John Willauer, laborer, 1 cow. 

Jacob Wolfinger, 100 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows, 1 gristmill. 

Philip Yawn, farmer, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

David Yack (Yaag), infirm, 100 acres, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Adam Yerger, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

Tlioinas Yerger, infirm, 150 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

Tobias Yerger, farmer, 150 acres, 2 horses, 3 cows. 

Martin Yerker (Yerger), infirm, 100 acres, 1 cow. 

Pliilip Yost, farmer, 155 acres, 2 horses, 6 cows. 

Philip Young. 

Christian ZoUer, farmer, 90 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows. 

The Nyces of Frederick. 

Hans Neues (DeNyce, Newes, Nice, 
Neiss, Nyce, ) was a resident of the 
Northern Liberties, and a large owner of 
land in the City and Liberties of Phila- 
delphia and in the interior of Pennsyl- 
vania. October 20, 1720, he purchased 
of John Budd and Humplirey Morrey 
725 acres of land, to be taken up, survey- 
ed and laid out in the Province of Penn- 
sylvania ; 500 acres of this purchase 
(with six per cent, allowance for roads, 
making 530 acres) was located on the 
west bank of Society run, and fronted on 
the Frankfort Company's Manatawny or 
German tract. This land was in the 
territory afterwards erected into Freder- 
ick township. 

The children of Hans Neues and Jen- 
nekin, his wife, were : 

1. Cornelius Nyce. 

2. John Nyce. 

3. Anthony Nyce. 

4. Eleanor Nyce, wife of George Nor- 
throp, of Lower Dublin township. 

Hans Neues, or DeNyce, died July 19, 
1736 ; Jenicke, his wife, died September 
11, 1762. 


September 21, 1721, Hans and Jenne- 
kin Neues conveyed to their son, John 
Nyce, 200 acres of the 500-acre tract men- 
tioned above. 

John Nyce, who usually wrote his name 
Nice, settled upon the 200-acre tract, 
which lay on the western bank of Soci- 
ety run and on the southeastern line of 
the Frankfort Company's land. Febru- 
ary 28, 1734, he purchased of Hans 
Senseman 35 acres, part of the Geraian 
tract, adjoining his other property. 

John Nyce was a principal citizen of 
Frederick township. In the list of tax- 
ables for 1734, his name heads the list. 
He made a will on the 5th day of Febru- 
ary, 1738-9, which was proven June 22, 
1743. In it he named as executors Mary, 
his wife, and Henry Antes. 

An inventory of his real and personal 
estate made by his neighbors, William 
Frey, Michael Dotterer, George Hiibner 
and Henry Antes, shows a total of £913 
2 0, Pennsylvania currency. In it is in- 
cluded his plantation of 290 acres with 
the buildings appraised £450 ; a pacing 
mare, £20 ; 4 working horses, £34 



; a mare, sold to Anthony Neise, £5 
; 8 cows, £20 ; 4 small cattle, £3 10 
; 4 calves, 22 sheep, 5 hogs ; 30 acres 
"Winter corn in ye ground," £30 0; 
14 acres of "oats in ye ground," £700; 
bonds and notes, £188 14 ; cash, £22 
0; and farming utensils and household 
goods usual at that time for a large and 
prosperous farmer. 

The children of John Nyce and Mary, 
bis wife, were : 

1. John Nyce, married Catharine 
Habn ; died 1786. 

2. George Nyce, born 1725 ; died De- 
cember 5, 1789. 

3. Anna Maria Nyce, married, March 
29, 1748, John Ringer. 

4. Joel Nyce, married Elizabeth Sny- 
der, granddaughter of Peter Wentz, of 
Worcester township ; died in December, 

5. Jesse Nyce. 

6. Zacharias Nyce, born December 25, 

7. William Nyce, born 1738 ; died in 
Warren county, N. J., July 13, 1805, aged 
69 years. Judge Green, of the Supreme 
Court, residing at Easton, is a great- 

8. Susanna Nyce, married Peter Fe- 

9. Jenecke Nyce, born 1742 ; died 
March 16, 1749, in her 8th year. 

Mary Nyce, wife of John Nyce, was 
born May 31, 1701, and she died Febru- 
ary 14, 1785. 


John Nyce, son of ^ John and Mary 
Nyce, married Catharine Hahn, daugh- 
ter of Philip Hahn, inmngrant, of New 
Hanover township. They settled on 
Indian creek. Issue : 

1. Elizabeth Nyce, born March 31, 
1748; married (first) John. Mark Hart- 
zell, (second) Jacob Wentz, (third) 
Michael Hartman ; died April 29, 1835 ; 
buried at Indian Creek Reformed church. 

2. Philip Nyce, born May 10, 1751 ; 
married, April 28, 1772, Elizabeth Leidy; 
died at Nockamixon, Bucks county. May 
2, 1799. 

3. John Nyce, born March 26, 1754 ; 
married (first) Catharine Hudt, (second) 

Margaret Hevener ; died March 3, 1826. 
He is buried at Old Goshenhoppen 
church . 

4. Abraham Nyce, born January 8, 
1756 ; married Magdalena Landis ; died 
April 28, 1818 ; he is buried at Franconia 
Mennonite meeting house. They had 
ten children : 1, John Nice, born Decem- 
ber 12, 1777 ; 2, Abraham Nice, born 
March 9, 1779 ; 3, Jacob Nice, born Au- 
gust 25, 1781 ; 4, George Nice, born 
October 15, 1783 ; 5, William Nice, born 
April 4, 1786 ; 6, Philip Nice, born June 
21, 1789 ; 7, Joseph Nice, born August 5, 
1791 ; 8, Catharine Nice, born Septem- 
ber 18, 1794 ; 9, Tobias Nice, born Nov- 
ember 23, 1796 ; 10, Henry Nice, born 
March 18, 1804, was a minister in the 
Mennonite church. The late Rev. Wil- 
liam Nice was a son, and Dr. John N. 
Jacobs, of East Greenville, is a grandson, 
of John Nice (born December 12, 1777). 
Rev. Henry Nice, of Morrison, 111., is a 
son of Philip Nice (born June 21, 1789). 

John Nyce died in IMarch, 1756. He 
was a trustee at Indian Creek church. 
He wrote his nameDe^yce. His widow, 
Catharine ( Hahn ) Nyce, married George 
Hartzell. She died in November, 1815, 
aged 88 years. 


George Nyce, son of John and Mary 
Nyce, was born in 1725. He succeeded 
his father upon the homestead, but 
parted with a portion of the land to his 
brother, Zacharias. He was a tanner and 
farmer. He married (first) Anna Dot- 
terer, daughter of Bernhard and Ger- 
trude Dotterer, of New Hanover town- 
ship, George Michael Weiss, V D. M., 
of Goshenhoppen Reformed charge, per- 
forming the ceremony. He married 
(second) Elizabeth Fuhrman, of Fran- 
conia township. 

The children of George and Anna (Dot- 
terer) Nyce were : 

1. John Nyce, born February 20, 1750, 
married April 13, 1772, Maria Magdalena 
Leydich, daughter of Rev. John Philip 
Leydich ; died at Knauerstown, October 
28, 1826. His death and burial are record- 
ed in Vincent (Chester county) Reformed 
church register. Rev. Cyrus W. O. Nyce, 



of the Baptist church, is a great-grandson. 

2. Joseph Nyce, horn April 27, 1752, 
married Mrs. Charlotta DeB. Bertolette, 
daughter of Dr. George DeBenneville ; 
died near Jersey Shore, Pa. He was a 
soldier of the Revolution. 

3. Maria Nyce, horn June 6, 1755; mar- 
ried June 2, 1772, Conrad Gerhart ; died 
in Worcester township in 1798. 

The children of George and Elizabeth 
(Fuhruian) Nyce were : 

1. George Nyce, born February 15, 1760. 

2. Elizabeth Nyce, born August 16, 
1762; married Henry Keely ; died at 
Roxborough February 5, 1852; she is bur- 
ied at Leverington burying ground. Hen- 
ry Keely was the son of Valentine and 
Elizabeth Keely. 

3. Margaret Nyce, born July 18, 176-1; 

married March 30, 1785, John Schloneck- 

er ; died at Jersey Shore, Pa., September 
10, 1842. 

4. Mary Nyce, born September 14, 1766; 
married Philip Dotterer, son of Michael 
and Anna (Reiff) Dotterer, of Frederick 
township ; died at Tinicum, Bucks coun- 
ty, July 16, 1850. 

5 Jacob Nyce, born November 30, 1768; 
married Ally Umstead ; died in Pikeland 
township, December 25, 1845. 

6. Anna (Nancy) Nyce, born January 
9, 1771 ; married April 22, 1788, Abra- 
ham Carpenter (originally Zimmerman) ; 
died at Stewardsville, Warren county, N. 
J., July 6, 1842; buried at Greenwich 
Presbyterian church. 

7. Zacharias, died in December, 1777. 
George Nyce was a man of influence in 

his community. In September, 1758, he 
was appointed overseer of highways of 
Frederick township, and March 7, 1768, 
he was appointed constable. In the tax 
list for 1776 he is assessed for 260 acres, 
3 horses, 6 cows, one negro. 

Anna (Dotterer) Nyce was buried on 
the farm of Zacharias Nyce, where now 
is Bertolet's Burying Ground. 

Elizabeth (Fuhrman) Nyce died March 
6, 1821, aged 88 years. 

George Nyce died December 5, 1789. 

He is buried at Bertolet's Mennonite 

meeting house, Frederick township. The 

stone marking his grave bears these 
words : 

Hier Ruhet der Leib 

Des Verstorbenen 

George Neis 

Er Ented Sein Leben in 

Dieser welt den 5ten Tag 

December im Jabu Christo 

A D 1789 

Sein Alter war 64 Jahr. 

The personal estate of George Nyce was 
inventoried, upon his decease, at £6,567 
6 2, Pennsylvania money. He owned a 
number of negroes, who were appraised 
at £110 0. He died intestate. 


Zacharias Nyce, son of John and Mary 
Nyce, was born December 25, 1 735 ; mai- 
ried, in 1756, Margaretha Hahn, daughter 
of Philip Hahn, immigrant, of New Han- 
over ; died December 29, 1791 ; buried 
on his own property, now theBertolet bury- 
ing ground. On the 7th of January, 1770, 
"Zacharias Neiss and his wife Christina 
Margaretha, presented for baptism their 
five children, who were accordingly 
baptized in the presence of several 
members of the church." So says the Falk- 
ner Swamp Reformed church register. The 
church book gives the children's names: 
Maria, Catharine, Susanna, Elizabeth, 

]\Iarch 25, 1768, Zacharias Nyce was 
appointed overseer of the poor of Freder- 
ick township. He lived in Frederick 
township on the western portion of the 
property owned by his father. In 1776 
he was assessed for 145 acres, 3 horses, 4 
cows and one negro. 

The children of Zacharias and Marga- 
ret (Hahn) Nyce were: 

1. Maria Nyce, born September 13, 
1758 ; married, February 9, 1779, Nicho- 
las Gilbert; died at Pottstown July 11, 
1824. Nicholas Gilbert died in Berks 
county, September 25, 1798. 

2. Catharine Nyce, born April 20, 1760 ; 
married (first) Leonard Leydich, and 

(second) Dreisbach ; died at 

Philadelphia, about 1835. 

• 3. Susanna Nyce, born March 9, 1762 ; 
married April 3, 1781, Michael Schloneck- 
er ; died at Chester Springs, Pa., January 
11, 1818. Michael Schlonecker was born 
June 26, 1759 ; died April 2, 1839. They 
are buried at Pikeland church. 



4. Elizabeth Nyce, born February 15, 
1764; married (first) Jacob Arndt, of 
Easton, (second) General Francis Swaine, 
and (third) William Ambrose Lloyd ; 
died at Northumberland, Pa., about 1830. 

Jacob Arndt left a large estate to his 
widow, Elizabeth (Nyce) Arndt. He is 
buried in the Reformed cemetery at Eas- 
ton, Pa. An elaborate tombstone marks 
his grave. It bears these words : 

In memory of 


Late president of the German 

reformed congregation of this 


He was born the 14th of Mav, 1756, 

and departed this life after 

a short illness 

the 28th of October, 1812 

aged 56 years 5 months and 14 days 

General Francis Swaine was first mar- 
ried to Mary Catharine Muhlenberg, born 
November 5, 1756, died October 15, 1812, 
a daughter of Rev. Dr. Henry Melchior 
Muhlenberg. He was at one time Sher- 
iff of Montgomery county. After his 
second marriage, with Mrs. Arndt, he 
resided at the southwest corner of Eliza- 
beth and Penn streets, Reading, Pa. 
There he died. His body lies near the 
walls of Trinity Lutheran church, at 
Sixth and Wasliington streets, Reading. 
A large marble slab (now broken in two) 
marks his grave, and bears this inscrip- 
tion : 

Gen. Francis Swaine, 

Born January 2d, 1754. 

Died June 17th, 1820. 

He was buried with military and Ma- 
sonic honors. 

5. John Nyce, born June 3, 1767; mar- 
ried (fir8t)February 26,1788, HannaliRein- 
ert ; (second) Mrs. Hannali Philippina 
Christiana Johnson, maiden nameTrexler, 
and (third) Mrs. Burger. He died, at 
Wescosville, Lehigh county, in March, 
1844. Hannah Reinert was the daughter 
of David Reinert, of Colebrookdale town- 
ship. John and Hannah (Reinert) Nyce 
had four sons. Dr. F. B. Nice, of Ham- 
burg, Pa., and Dr. C. J. Nice, of Philadel- 
phia, are grandsons of John and Hannah 
(Reinert) Nyce. 

6. Margaret Nyce, born November 30, 
1777; marriedMarch 1796, Jacob Hartzell ; 

died at Locust Valley, Saucon township, 
Lehigh county. May 21, 1816. Jacob 
Hartzell was bore in Hilltown township, 
August 28, 1771 ; died at Allentown 
October 2, 1847. They are buried at Blue 
church, near Coopersburg. They had 
two sons and four daughters. Preston 
Erdman, attorney-at-law,of Philadelphia, 
is a grandson. 

The daughters of Zacharias Nyce were 
noted beauties. 

Margaret (Halm) Nyce died Septem- 
ber 5, 1798, aged 61 years, 5 months ; she 
is buried beside her husband. 

The gravestone of Zacharias Nyce bears 
this epitaph : 


Ruhet der Leib 

des Im Leben Liebgewe 



Er wurde Gebohren den 

25ten december 1735 
und trat Anno 1756 in die 
Ehe Mit Margareta eine 

Gebohrne Hahnin 

Zeugten 6 Kinder 1 Sohn 

und 5 Tochter und starb 

den 29ten december 1791 

Seines Alters 56 Jahren u. 4 Tag. 


George Nyce, son of George and Eliza- 
beth (Fuhrman) Nyce, was born Febru- 
ary 15, 1760 ; married (first) May 19,1785, 
Elizabeth Christman, (second) Magdalena 
HoUowbush, and (third) Mrs. Catharine 
Geiger. He succeeded to his father's 
farm and tannery in Frederick township. 

The children of George and Elizabeth 
(Christman) Nyce were: 

1. Anna Maria Nyce, born February 26, 
1786; married Henry Schneider, son of Ja- 
cob and Magdalena (Gearhart) Schneider ; 
died at Swamp, May 27, 1844. They had 
five sons and two daughters. Wm. H. 
Schneider, Esq., of New Hanover, tlie 
late Rev. Benjamin Schneider, D. D., 
first foreign missionary of the Reformed 
church, and the late Professor Elias 
Schneider, of Milton, Pa., were their 

2. John Nyce, born February 25, 1787 ; 
married, August 21, 1808, Mrs. Mary 
Gilbert, widow of David Gilbert, and 
daughterof Benjamin andHannah(Wentz) 



Markley, of New Hanover ; died at 
Kingston, Decatur count)', Indiana, 
September 20, 1862 (place and date of his 
death is erroneously given on page 80, 
Downingtown, Pa., June 14, 1886.) Mary 
Markley was born November 13, 1777 ; 
married (first) May 20, 1800, David Gil- 
bert, and (second) John Nyce ; died at 
Downington, Pa., June 14, 1836. Rev. 
Benjamin M. Nyce (May 28, 1809-Octo- 
ber 1, 1873) was their son ; he was a 
graduate of Dickinson and Yale Colleges 
and Princeton Theological Seminary. He 
entered the ministry in the Presbyterian 
church. He was born in New Hanover, 
and died at Cleveland, 0. Rev. Harry 
Nyce, of Peru, Indiana, and Rev. Benja- 
min M. Nyce, of Warsaw, Indiana, both 
of the Presbyterian church, are sons of 
Rev. Benjamin M. Nyce, and grandsons 
of John and Mary (Markey) Nyce. 

3. William Nyce, born July 9, 1788 : 
married Sarah Eckert, of Berks county ; 
died at Pottsville, October 20, 1855. Sarah 
Eckert was born December 18, 1795 ; died 
at the age of 92. Hon. Decatur E. Nice, 
of Pottsville, is a son. 

4. Jacob C. Nyce, born October 20, 
1789 ; married April 14, 1811, Elizabeth 
Markley, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Heiser) Markley ; died at Norristown, 
January 19, 1865. Elizabeth (Markley) 
Nyce was born June 17, 1791 ; died Feb- 
ruary 11, 1872. 

5. George Nyce, born April 2, 1791 ; 
married October 24, 1813,SusannaMarkley, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Heiser) 
Markley; died in New Hanover township 
September 22, 1828. Susanna Markley 
was born May 1, 1793 ; died January 8, 
1876. They are buried at Bertolet's. 

6. Elizabeth Nyce, born December 12, 
1792 ; married Michael Sensenderfer ; 
died at Pottstown, July 19, 1865. 

7. Catharine Nyce, born March 2, 1794; 
married January 14, 1816, Philip Brend- 
linger ; died in Berks county, -luly 26, 
1874 ; buried at Amity church. 

8., Jonathan Nyce, born October 30, 
1795 ; married, January 7, 1821, Rachel 
Kepler, daughter of Samuel and Maria 
Magdalena (Grimley) Kepler ; died 
March 4, 1864 ; buried at Bertolet's bur- 

ying ground. Rachel Kepler was born 
January 1, 1803, and resides at Frederick 
post office. They had ten children.' 
George S. Nyce, of Frederick, and Sam- 
uel E. Nyce, prothonotary of Montgom- 
ery county, are sons. Jonathan Nyce 
was a tanner and farmer, inheriting these 
occupations from his forefathers. He 
was postmaster of Frederick from 1838 
until 1857. His commission was dated 
April 10, 1838. In politics he was a 
Whig and afterwards a Republican, 
Samuel Edwin Nyce, his son, served 
three years in the latxs war, in Company 
D, Third Pennsylvania Cavalry. 

9. Susanna Nyce, born March 21, 1797; 
married January 13, 1820, Jacob Krause ; 
died at Swamp, Deceml>er 21, 1874. 

10. Sarah Nyce, born September 24, 
1798 ; married Amos Reifsnyder ; died 
at Pottstown, February 2, 1877. 

11. Anna Nyce, born October 16, 1800; 
married Jonas Fegeley ; died October 20, 
1869. Jonas Fegeley was born June 11, 
1800; died March 4, 1862. They are 
buried at Sassaman's church. Dr. A. N. 
Fegeley, of Oley, Pa., is a son. 

12. Rachel Nyce, born June 28, 1802 ; 
married February 29, 1824, Dieter Buch- 
er ; died at Gilbertsville, May 9, 1880. 

George Nyce and Magdalena Hollow- 
bush had : 

1. Henrietta Nyce, born August 5, 1805; 
married Jonathan Warthman ; died in 
Maxetawny, Berks county, August 11, 
1836 ; buried at Siegfried's church. 

2. Jeremiah Nyce, born December 6, 
1807 ; married (first) Susanna Pannepack- 
er, and (second) Rebecca Bolig. 

Elizabeth Christman, first wife of 
George Nyce, was the daughter of Jacob 
and Elizabeth (Shunk) Christman, of 
Frederick township, and granddaughter 
of Daniel Christman, the immigrant, who 
settled in the valley of Society run, in 
Frederick township. She was born Feb- 
ruary 4, 1765, and died November 20, 

Magdalena Hollowbush, second wife of 
George Nyce, was the daughter of 
Henry Hollowbush, of Limerick town- 
ship. She was born September 7, 1769, 
and died in September, 1809. 



Mrs. Catharine Geyer, third wife of 

George Nyce, was the widow of Henry 

Geyer, and the daughter of Michael 

Kurtz and Frederica (Binder) Kurtz. She 

was born January 1767; died July 24, 

George Nyce is buried at Bertolet's bur- 
ying ground. His gravestone bears these 
words : 


to the memory of 

George Nyce 

who was born February 15th, A. D. 1700, 

died December 4th, A.. D. 1838, 

aged 78 years 9 months 

and 21 days. 

General Francis Swaine.p^g^^ 

In his Lives of the Eminent M^n- of 
Montgomery County, Moses Auge, gives 
a biographical sketch of Brigadier Gen- 
eral Francis Swaine. He states that 
General Swaine' s second wife, after his 
death, married a Mr. Ritze, of Pottstown. 
In this he errs. General Swaine's second 
wife was Mrs. Elizabeth Arndt, maiden 
name Nyce, widow of Jacob Arndt, of 
Easton ; and she married, as her third 
husband, William Ambrose Lloyd, a 
lawyer, of Northumberland, Pa. Mr. 
Auge also states that General Swaine is 
buried at Trappe Lutheran church. He 
is, in fact, buried at Trinity Lutheran 
church, Reading, Pa., as stated in another 
portion of this issue. 

General Swaine was elected Sheriff of 
Montgomery county at the October elec- 
tions of 1784, '85 and '86. 

His first wife, a daughter of Rev. Dr. 
Henry Melchoir Muhlenberg, died at 
Norristown on the 15th of October, 1812. 
An obituary notice appeared in the Nor- 
ristown Register, October 21, 1812. It 
was communicated by a friend of the 
deceased and was as follows : 

NoERiSTOWN, 19th October, 1812, 
Departed this life, on Thursday eve- 
ning, the 15th inst., after a short illness, 
Mrs. Mary Swaine, wife of Gen. Francis 
Swaine, of this borough, in the fifty-sev- 
enth year of her age, and yesterday her 
remains were interred in the burial 
grounds of the church at the Trap, of 
which her venerable father, the Rev. 
Henry Muhlenberg, was the founder. 
So profusely is the tribute of praise often 

lavished on departed friends, that funeral 
eulogiums are generally considei-ed as pre- 
senting a highly embellished portrait of 
the character of the individual who is 
the subject of them. It is however profit- 
able, as well as natural and pleasing, to 
commemorate virtues which ought to be 
held up for imitators. The writer of this 
article had an opportunity of knowing 
the worth of Mrs Swaine, and in delin- 
eating her character, he has not been too 
strongly impelled by warm feelings of 
friendship and respect, but has given it. 
he belreves, agreeably to strict impartial 

The sphere within which the female 
virtues can shine, is necessarily very 
limited. The finest features of the female 
character, are suited only for a confined 
and retired scene ; they are calculated to 
refine, endear and enliven domestic and 
social life, but not to attract extensive 
notice and admiration. In the character 
of Mrs. Swaine, those features shone con- 
spicuous. In the different domestic 
relations she was the pattern of female 
excellence. Nor were her virtues con- 
fined to Otem. Her benevolence led her 
to bestow her services, wherever they 
were needed, within the extent of her 
power. As a friend and a relation, she 
engaged the strongest affection by her 
mildness, her sympathetic kindness and 
her sincerity. Religion, too, added its 
lustre to her character. — It regulated her 
conduct in life, and in her last hours she 
felt and displayed the blessed effects which 
an attention to its duties will produce, 
for though she was fully sensible of the 
approach of her death, (and it came upon 
her suddenly and unexpectedly) she was 
prepared, and met it without dismay, and 
departed praying for her surviving Friend, 
and committing herself to God in expec- 
tation of enjoying the blessings promised 
to those who believe in and serve Him. 

Her friends, while they feel the severity 
of the affliction occasioned by her death, 
experience the sweet consolation arising 
from the hope that she is now receiving 
the reward of a well spent Christian life. 

In the same paper General Swaine ad- 
vertised his personal property for sale, viz : 


On Monday, the 22d inst. at the house 
of the subscriber in the borough of Nor- 
ristown a variety of household furniture, 
consisting of — 

Mahogany sideboard, dining, breakfast 
card table and stand ; Mahogany sofa and 
bureaus; Mahogany, walnut and windsor 
chairs, Mahogany Secretary and Desk, 2 
Cases of high drawers, walnut ; mahog- 
any Knife Cases, Knives & Forks ; Look- 



ing Glasses, Prints, &c ; An excellent 8 
day clock ; a fine-toned piano forte, with 
the additional Keys ; a quantity of china, 
delph and glass ware ; Brass Andirons, 
Shovels and tongues ; Plated and Brass 
Candlesticks ; Feather Beds and Bed- 
steads , Bed and window Curtains and 
Bed clotlies ; Carpets and Rugs ; one ten 
plate stove with pipe ; one six plate ditto. 
A Gig with plaited harness ; a Young 
Cow, etc., etc., etc. * * * * 

Francis Swaine. 
Norristown, March 1st, 1813. 

The announcement of hie marriage to 
Mrs. Jacob Arndt was also pul)lished in 
the same paper of September 28, 1814. 

Married the 15th inst. in Philadelphia, 
by the Rev. Dr. Helnmth, Gen. Francis 
Swaine, of this borough, to Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Arndt, of the borough of Easton, 
Northampton Co. 

At the first meeting of the stockholders 
of the Bank of Montgomery County, 
now the Montgomery National Bank, of 
Norristown, on October 14, 1815, Gen. 
Francis Swaine was elected one of the 
directors, and at the meeting of the 
directors of the bank, held on the 16th 
following, he was elected president of 
said institution. 

W. H. Reed, M. D., Ph. G., of Norris- 
town, to whom we are indebted for the 
information copied from the Norristown 
Register, forms this estimate of General 
Swaine: "I notice that Gen. Swaine was 
a prominent and active man publicly in 
his day. He seemed to be the prime mover 
in nearly everything of any importance, 
and must have been held in great esteem 
by the masses of the people." 

The fact of his election to the presi- 
dency of the bank at Norristown indi- 
cates that he was regarded as a financier. 
He was probably a man of means. His 
second wife received a handsome fortune 
from her first husband, Jacob Arndt. 
General Swaine was conspiciously iden- 
tified with the Masonic order. At his 
death his estate was insolvent. 

The articles advertised at public sale, 
as above, show that he lived in the style 
of a man of taste, culture and wealth. It 
may happen that some of the choice 
articles then sold may yet be preserved 
by some of the old families. We shall 
not be surprised to hear, from time to 

time, of the preservation, with the name 
of the present owner, of his card table, 
his secretary and desk, his prints, pieces 
of Delft ware, brass andirons, plated and 
brass candlesticks, etc. Sometime before 
her death, Mrs. Lloyd, (General Swaine's 
widow) gave to Mrs. William Nyce, of 
Milton, Pa., the general's Masonic re- 
galia, which had at one time belonged to 
one of the Muhlenbergs, whose name was 
written on the back. Swaine had solid 
silver knee buckles, which liis widow had 
made into a snuff box with his initials. 

The Faust Family Record. 

Henry Faust was born in Germany, at 
Briinbach, April 27, 1685. His wife, Eva 
Elizabeth, nee Kiimerin, was born in 
Germany, at Maubiichel, May, 25, 1682. 

The above was written by Henry Faust 
at Maubachel, October 4, 1729. Tliey 
never came to this country. 

Peter Faust, one of their sons, was 
born April 24, 1725 ; came to this country 
about 1750 ; settled in Frederick town- 
ship, where he died January 1, 1793. His 
wife died August 7, 1805. 

John Nicholas Faust, one of the sons 
of Peter Faust, was born in Frederick 
township in 1767; remained on the old 
homestead, where he died in 1837. He 
married Elizabeth Walwert. The follow- 
ing children were born to them : Eliza- 
beth, wlio was the wife of George Gruber; 
Peter, Jacob, John, Catharine, who mar- 
ried Thomas Yost ; and Mary, who mar- 
ried Jacob Levis. Elizabeth, John, 
Catharine and Mary died in Clarion 
county, Pa. Jacob was instantly killed 
at Perkiomenville in 1861. 

Peter Faust, son of John Nicholas and 
Elizabeth (Walwert) Faust, was born 
October 8, 1794, in Frederick township, 
where his grandfather first settled. He 
married, April 29, 1827, Margaret (Royer) 
Nece, daughter of Abraham Nece, of 
Frederick township. She was born 
December 10, 1807. Their children were: 
Samuel, born October 9, 1828 ; Jesse, 
born October 13, 1830, died November 27, 
1891 ; Margaret, born December 3, 1832, 
wife of Jacob Gerhard ; Peter, born 
March 24, 1835 ; Catharine Elizabeth, 



born August 12, 1837, died in infancy ; 
Reuben, born January 2, 1840, died in 
infancy; Jonathan, born May 18, 1842; 
INIary Ann, died at the age of 4 years ; 
Sarah, born September 10, 1847, wife of 
John Freed. Peter Faust died January 
29, 1875 ; his wife died May 12, 1860. 
Samuel Faust, son of Peter and Margaret 
(Nece) Faust, is a leading citizen of 
Frederick township, an ex-raemberof the 
State Legislature, a prosperous farmer, 
and an active participant in political and 
educational affairs. Joiuithan Faust, 
another son, is a physician, located at 
Zieglerville, having a large and lucrat- 
ive practice ; a member of the Pennsyl- 
vania-German Society of the State ; and 
devoted to advancing the educational 
and social interests of the community. 

Notes on the flontgomery Historical 
Society's First Volume. 

.•.Very apj^ropriatelj' the portrait of 
the late Col. Theo. W. Bean appears as 
the frontispiece. 

. ".The annals of Jeffersonville Inn, by 
Dr. W. H. Reed, is an important and in- 
teresting contribution. 

.•.It is to be hoped that the edition 
will speedily sell, thus replenishing the 
funds of tlie Society for the issue of Vol- 
ume II. 

.•.Every article in the book is replete 
with historical information. It is beyond 
question a highly praiseworthy work. 

.'.Although a mass of historical infor- 
mation is collected in this volume, it is 
noticeable that it contains aV)solutely 
nothing relating to the "Upper" part of 
Montgomery county. The readers of 
The Perkiomen Region know how great 
a field, rich in historical resources, 
awaits the work of the County Society. 

.'.About twenty writers contribute — 
each on a subject with which he or she is 
familiar. In this lies much of the merit 
of the work. No one person could be 
found competent to give so much reliable 
information on so great a variety of sub- 

.".It was a happy thought on the part 
of the Chairman of the Publication 
Committee, Joseph Fonance, Esq., to re- 
produce the map of Norristown aiade in 
1771. In future years, the historian of 
the locality will often have occasion to 
refer to it. 

.'.Mr.Buck's account of "A British Cap- 
ture' ' of a drove of fat cattle brings vividly 
to our understanding not only the pre- 
carious condition of things at Valley 
Forge in February, 1778, but also how 
tlie events of that perilous period were 
enacted at the very doors and often in 
the very presence of our Montgomery 

.".Dr. Lewis R. Harley's article on 
"The Redemptioners" is most timely. 
' Some of our people, not of German 
origin, persistantly refuse to understand 
this phase of our early history. The 
article conveys information which cannot 
fail to make the subject clear. 

.•.William McDermott's "Yesterday's 
Sunset" is a sort of reverie — full of remin- 
iscences worthy of record. 

.•.We fancy the article by Mrs. Anna 
M. Holstein, on "The Women of Mont- 
gomery County in War-Time," brings us 
only to the threshold of the subject. 

.•.The Society was fortunate in obtain- 
ing from Rev. A. A. Marple,therector,the 
article, treated from a new standpoint, 
on "The Old Swedes' Church." 

The Bertolet Burying Ground Associa- 
tion held its annual meeting at Bertolet's 
Mennonite meeting house, Frederick 
township, on Monday, August 5. Rev. 
N. B. Grubb is president ; Geo. S. Nyce, 
secretary ; Benjamin Bertolet, treasurer. 
The association is unique in its object. 
It is incorporated, but not to sell burial 
lots. A fund is being accumulated for 
the purpose of providing means to keep 
the old burial grounds perpetually in 
order. The Nyce, Dotterer and Bertolet 
families originally buried there, wlien 
it was the farm of Zacharias Nyce. 





Acker, Henry L., 75. 

Acrostic, 61. 

A Dinner by Baron de Blowitz, 137. 

Ancient and Historic Landmarks in the 

Lebanon Valley, 156. 
Anise, 57. 

Antes, Henry, 82, 92, 182. 
Antes, Henry, Family Record of, 51. 
Antes, John, 51, 52, 92, 111, 120, 142, 

158, 168, 181. 
A Pair of Revokitionary Captains, 178. 
Apprenticeship, Indentures of, 39. 
Armstrong, Miss Amelia, 106. 
' Arndt, Jacob, 192. 
A Semi-Centennial Celebration, 184. 
At Snnset, 61. 
At the Perkiomen, 113. 
Autumn Leaves, 71. 

Barrow, Rev. A. J., 33. 

Batz, Isaac, 112. 

Bechtel, John, 175. 

Bedminster Township, 11. 

Bernhart, Henry, 167. 

Bertolet, Benjamin, 196. 

Bertolet Burying Ground Association, 
The, 196. 

Bisliop, Jacob, 19, 79, 149. 

Bitting, Anthony, Lieutenant Col., 66. 

Bitting, Henry, 1st, 59. 

Bitting, Henry, 2d, 60. 

Bitting, Justus (Jost, Joseph), 9, 57, 60. 

Bitting, Ludwig, 59. 

Bitting, Martin, 59. 

Bojhm, Rev. John Philip, 51. 

Book Notices — Hendrick Pannebecker, 3; 
The Old Trappe Ciiurch, 63; In the 
Heart of the Bitter-Root Mountains, 
65; William Penn in America, 65; Leis- 
ure Hour Poems, 98; Gettysburg and 
Other Poems, 156; Ancient and Historic 
Landmarks in the Lebanon Valley, 156; 
History of Lower Salford Township, 
175; John Bechtel, 175. 

Bound to Service, 39. 

Bower, Rev. Henry S., 106. 

Boyer, Reuben, 37. 

Boyertown, 11. 

Brandt, George, 38. 

Brandt, Philip, 5, 37. 

Brant, John, 72. 

Brief Notes of Colonial Families — Jolm 
Steger, 46; Ulrich Hartman, 47; Hier- 
onimus Dotterer, 57; John Jacob 
Schrack, 58 ; Henry Bitting, 59 ; Phil- 
ip Reinhart Erliard, 101 ; Jacob Mark- 
ley, 102 ; Frederick Reimer, 102 ; 
George Schwenck, 117; John Camp- 
bell, 138 ; Benedict Mintz, 138; Peter 
Conrad, 157. 

Brumbaugh, Rev. H. B., 63. 

Buck, Peter, 109. 

Buck, William J., 11, 19,57, 65, 98,162,196. 

Buck, William J., Contributions by, 69, 
89, 185. 

Bull, John, 28, 34, 104. 
Bull, Thomas, 34. 
Butterthal, Das. 

Cabeen, F. von A., 137, 147. 

Campbell, John, 138. 

Canoeing on the Perkiomen, 147. 

Cassel, Abraham H., 32, 49, 63, 68, 78, 178. 

Cassel, Daniel K., 114. 

Clay, Rev. Slator, 34. 

Colebrookdale Township, 11. 

Collins, Rev. Charles, 144. 

Completion of Volume One, 177. 

Congo, 82. 

Conrad, Peter, 157. 

CroU, Michael, Docket of, 39, 139. 

Croll, Rev. P. C, 156. 

Dale, 11. 

Das Butterthal, 126. 

Daughters of the Revolution, 64. 

Delphi, 68. 

De Nyce, (see Nyce). 

Detwiler, Hon. Jones, 11, 64. 

Dewees, David, 6. 

Dewees Family, 31. 

"Die Duyvel's Locher Strosse," 101. 

Doll, Mr. and Mrs. George, 62, 

Dotterer, Conrad, 41, 69, 179. 

Dotterer, Henry S., 162, 179. 

Dotterer, Henry S., Contributions by, 6, 
18, 20, 22, 37, 78, 83, 92, 106, 120, 124, 
136, 142, 148, 158, 163, 168, 181. 

Dotterer, Hieronimns, 57. 

Dotterer, Michael, Ist, 7, 131, 162. 

Dotterer, Mi(-hael, 2d, 69, 178. 

Douglass, 82. 

Douglass Township, 11, 82, 

Dubbs, Joseph Henry, D. D., 21. 

Dubs, Daniel, 21. 

Dul)s, Jacob, of Milford, 21. 

Earlington, 38. 

Early Patents, 31. 

Editorials — Our Field and Our Work, 1; 
The First Families of the Perkiomen Re- 
gion, 17; A Red-Letter Day at St. 
James', Perkiomen, 33; The Soldiers of 
the Civil War, 49; Valley Forge Park, 
65; Plans for Valley Forge Park, 81; 
General Hartranft's Interest in Local 
History, 97; Libraries Should be Index- 
ed, 146; Genealogical Researches 
Abroad, 161 ; Completion of Volume One, 

Egle, William H., M. D., 32. 

Elroy, 38. 

Entertaining Indian Chiefs in 1731, 68. 

Epitaphs, 8, 29, 34, 51, 54, 90, 110,115, 
132, 157, 165. 

Erdman, Preston, 192. 

Erhard, Philip Reinhart, 101. 

Eschbach, Mrs. Sarah, 96. 

Essick, John, 156. 

Evans, Evan, 147. 

Evausburg, 12. 



Fagleysville, 57. 

Falckner Schwamm,(seeFalknerSwarap). 

Falkner, Daniel, 5, 122. 

Falkner Swamp, 5, 37, 67. 

Falkner Swamp Reformed Chnrchyanl, 

Epitaphs, 90, 110, 115, 132, 152, 165. 
Family Statements and Inquiries, 165. 
Faust, John Nicholas, 195. 
Faust, Dr. Jonathan, 11, 196. 
Faust, Jonathan, M. D , Contribution, 9. 
Faust, Peter, Immigrant, 195. 
Faust, Peter, 69, 195. 
Faust, Samuel, 196. 
Faust Family Record, The, 195. 
Fears of an Indian Outbreak in 1757, 157. 
Feather, Isaac, 47. 
Fegeley, Dr. A. N., 193. 
First Families of t!ie Perkiomen Region, 

The, 17. 
Fisher, Rev. Charles G., D. D., 7. 
Fisher, Herman, of Upper Hanover, 22. 
Fislier, Jacob of New Goshen hoppen, 6, 

130, 140, 141. 
Fisher, Rev. Samuel R., D. D., 7. 
Fisher, S. R., 75. 
Folk-Names of Places — Falkner Swamp 

5 ; Hosensack, 21 ; Goshenhoi)pen, 64 

Methacton, 77 ; Great Swamp, 88 

"Die Duyvel's Locher Strosse," 101 

DasButterthal, 126; Gi'otten Schwamm, 

Fornance, Joseph, 32, 113, 196. 
Fourth of July in Paris, 176. 
Franconia, .38. 

Franconia Township, 12, .38. 
Frankfort Company, The, Patent to, 98 ; 

Ejectment of, 121. 
Frederick, 68. 

Frederick Township, 12, 68. 69, 82, 128. 
Frederick Townsliip, Assessment for 1776, 

Frey, Mrs. Elizabeth, 75. 
Freyer, George, 96. 

Geiger, Valentine, iid. 

Genealogical Resean^hes Abroad, 161. 

General Hartranft's Interest in Local 
History, 97. 

George, Matthew, 30. 

Gerhart, Abraham, 68. 

German Tract, (see Frankfort Company). 

Gettysburg and Other Poem.s, 1.56. 

Ghost at Frederick Reimer's, 3. 

Gilbertsville, 82. 

Glenwood Hall, 84. 

Good, Rev. James I,, D. D., 74. 

Goshenhoppen, 64. 

Great Swamp, 88. 

Great Tract of 22,377 Acres, (see Frank- 
fort Company). 

Green Hill, 114. 

Grimley, Solomon K., 61, 68. 

Grotten Schwamm, 129. 

Grubb, Rev. N. B., 75, 196. 

Hager, Jonathan, 82. 

Hahn, Doctor John, 116, 181. 

Hahn, Philip, 1st, 30, 97, 180. 

Hahn, Pliilip, 2d, 19, 79, 116, 179, 187. 

Hahn, Philip, 3d, 44, 45, 181. 

Hahn, Dr. William B., 19. 

Hartman, John Markley, C. E., 102, 144. 

Hartman, Ulrich, 47. 

Hartranft,Rev. Chester D., D. D., 144,176. 

Hartranft, General John F., 97. 

Hatfield township, 12. 

Hauberger, Abraham, 36. 

Hauck, Simon, 112. 

Heckler, James Y., 175. 

Hereford Township, 13. 

Hiester, Daniel, 1st, the Immigrant, 18, 
68, 78, 83. 

Hiester, Daniel, 2d, General, 19, 78, 82, 
106, 124, 136, 148, 163. 

Hiester, dabriel, 19, 79. 

Hiester, General John, 19, 79. "* 

Hiester, Samuel P., 106. 

Hiester, William, 19, 79. 

Hiester Mansion, 19, 79. 

Hillegas, John Frederick, 16, 32, 50. ^ 

Hillegas (Hoelligas), Micliael, 2. 

Hillegas Items, 143. 

Hillegass PostofEce, 13. 

Hilltown Township, 13. 

Himmelwright, A. L. Artman, C. E., 32, 
65, 150, 171. 

Himmelwright, Charles R., 173. 

Himmelwright, Joseph, 1st, 173. 

Himmelwright, Joseph, 2d, 173. 

Himmelwright, Philip, 172. 

Himmelwright Family, The, 172. 

HistoricalStJcietv of Montgomery Count}' — 
Its Officers, 2] Its First Volume of His- 
torical Papers, 113 ; Notes on First 
Volume, 196. 

Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 17.^ 

History of Lower Salford Township, 175. 

Homsher, Adam, 135. 

Hosensack, 21. 

Howard, Capt. Vachel D., 34. 

How They Made Millers a Century Ago, 

Huber, Charles, 96. 

Hunsicker, Mrs. Elizabeth, 111. 

Indehaven, Evert, 6. 
Indian Chiefs, 68. 
Indian Creek, 13. 
Indian Summer, 30. 
Indian Troubles in 1756, 1.34. 
In the Heart of the Bitter-Root Moun- 
tains, 65. 
In the Manor of Douglass, 94. 
Isacks, Jacob C, M. C, 138. 

.Jacobs, Dr. John N., 190. 
Jacoby, Lorentz (Lawrence), 109. 
John Bechtel, 175. 
Johnstown Flood, The, 171. 
Jordan, John W., 18, 144, 175. 

Kepler, Mrs. Maria, 112, 128. 
Klein, Mrs. Elizabeth, 132. 
Knipe, Mrs. Rachel, 150. 



Kretschinann, Rev. Ernest T., Ph. D.,t)3. 
Kulpsville, 13. 

Lane, Edward, 33. 

Lane, AVilliam, 33. 

Layfield, 57. 

Leidig's Burying Ground, Epitaphs, 8, 

29, 54. 
Leisure Hour Poems, 98. 
Leitl)echer, Jan Susanna, 34. 
Levan, Jacob, 135. 
Levering, Wichert, 2. 
Lexington, 13. 

Leydich, Rev. John Philip, 54, 70. 
Libraries Should be Indexed, 146. 
License to Keep'PubHc House in 1806, 6. 
Limerick Township, 13. 
Line Lexington, 13. 
Lloyd, William Ambrose, 194. 
Long Swamp, 135. 
Lower Providence Township, 15. 
Lower Salford Township, 15. 

Manatawny Tract, (see Frankfort Cora- 
— p^ny). 

Markley, Benjamin, 66, 187. 

Markley, Daniel, .34. 

Markley, Jacob, 62, 80, 86, 96, 102, 117. 

Markley, Hon. Philip S., 1.38. 

Marlborough Township, 13. 

Marriages, by Michael Croll, Justice of 
the Peace, 45 ; by JohnWentz, Justice 
of the Peace, 72." 

Meschter, Charles K., 98, 178. 

Meschter,CharlesK., Contribution by, 184. 

Meschter, G. K., M. D., Contribution by, 

Methacton, 77. 

Metz, Leonard, 35. 

Milford Township, 14. 

Militia Exemption Fees, 114. 

Minnich, Rev. Michael Reed, 10, .32. 

Minnich, Rev. Michael Reed, Contribu- 
tions by, 50, 80, 144. 

Mintz, Benedict, 138. 

Mock, Mrs. Sophia; 132. 

Moravian School at Mount Frederick, 92. 

Morwood, 38. 
■^Muhlenberg, Rev. Henry Melchior, His 
Arrival at Philadelphia, 5 ; His First 
Trip to New Hanover, 37 ; at New Prov- 
idence, 58 ; Subscribers to His Salary, 95. 

Neavel, Henry, 156. 

Neiss, (see Nyce). 

Neues, (see Nyce). 

New Goshenhoppen, 14. 

New Hanover, 37. 

New Hanover Lutheran Church, Title to 

First Land, 4. 
New Hanover Township, 12, 57, 157, 185. 
New Hanover Township's First Settler, 66. 
New Hanover Township, Taxables of, 

for 1779, 185. 
New Providence, 37, 85. 
Nianlic, 82. 
Nice, (see Nyce). 
Nice, Dr. C. J., 192. 

Nice, Hon. Decatur E., 193. 

Nice, Dr. F. B., 192. 

Nice, Rev. Henry, 190. 

Nice, Rev. William, 190. 

North, Roger, 85. 

Notes, 32, 57, 68, 82, 106, 128, 135, 150, 

Nyce, Abraham. 

Nyce, Rev. Benjamin Markley, 79, 19.3. 
Nyce, Rev. Benjamin M., 80, 193. 
Nyce, George, 1st, 70, 190. 
Nyce, George, 2d, 191, 192. 
Nyce, George S., 36, 193, 196. 
Nyce, George S., Contribution, 8, 29, 54, 

90, 110, 115, 132, 1.52, 165. 
Nyce, Rev. Harry, 193. 
-Nyce, (Neues, DeNyce, Nice), Hans, 80. 
' Nyce, John, 1st, 30, 189. 
' Nyce, John, 2d, 190. 
Nyce, John (born February 25, 1787), 80, 

Nvce, Jonathan, 36, 193. 
Nyce, Mrs. Rachel, 36, 193. 
Nyce, Samuel E., 36, 193. 
r Nyce, Zacharias, 70, 190, 191, 196. 
Nyces of Frederick, The, 180. 

Obelisk, 68. 

Oberholtzer, Rev J. H., 36. 

Old Goshenhoppen Church, How a Sketch 
Was Secured, 88; View of, 89; Erect- 
ed in 1744, 98. 

Old-Time News, 2, 30, 47, 60, 85, 101, 
114, 137. 

Old Trappe Church, Tlie, 63, 68, 95, 135. 

Our Field and Our Work, 1. 

Our Old People, 36, 62, 75, 96, 111,132, 150. 

Our Pioneer Local Historian, 162. 

Our Revolutionary Sires, 30, 47,64, 72,85, 
106, 135, 156, 167. 

Panebecker, Wilhelm, 150. 

Pannebecker, Frederick, 6. 

Pannebecker, Hendric^, 3, 28, 48, 53, 73. 

Pay Roll of the Revolution, A, 66. 

Pannepacker, Peter, 49, 61. 

Pennsylvania Germans, The, 145. 

Pennypacker, Isaac R., 49, 156. 

Pennypacker, Isaac R. , Contributions by, 
61, 145. 

Pennvpacker, Hon. Samuel W., LL. D., 3, 
.32, "82, 106, 113,121, 123. 

Perkiomen and Skippack Township, 14. 

Perkiomen Bridge 61. 

Perkiomen Creek, 14, 61. 

Perkiomen Valley, 63. 

Perkiomenville, 68. 

Personal, 11, .32, 75, 144, 150. 

Petition for a Road in Salford Township, 

Pig Iron Marketed in 1738-'39, 61. 

Plans for Valley Forge Park, 81. 

Pleasant Run, 57. 

Poetry— The Settler, 7 ; Indian Summer, 
30;' Then— Now, 35; Acrostic (Abra- 
ham H. Cassel), 61 ; At Sunset, 61 ; 



At the Perkiomen, 118 ; The Scythe- 
Whetter's Son^, 144; The Pennsylvan- 
ia Germans, 145. 

Porter, Andrew, 32. 

Powder-making at Sumneytown, 109. 

Prospect Hill, 14. 

Purchasers of Land, Payments by, 27, 
48, 53, 73, 86, 104, 118, 140, 151. " 

Queries, 80. 

Rare Bindings on Rare Books, 82. 

Red-Letter Day at St. James', Perkio- 
men, A, 33. 

Reed, Philip, 64, 136. j,- 

Reed, W. H., M. D., Ph. D., 32, 19^, 196. 

Reformed Church Historical Magazine, 74. 

Reichert, (see Richards). 

Reic'hert, John Frederick, 174. 

Reichert, Matthias, 174. 

Reimer, Frederick, 3, 102. 

Reiter, Mrs. Elizabeth, 36. 

Religious Scruples Against Bearing Arms, 

Revolutionary Relic, A, 52. 

Reyer, (see Royer). 

Reyer, Carl (sometimes Coldei'), 95, 154. 

Reyer, Martin, 155. 

Reyer, John Michael, 60, 151, 153, 157. 

Richards, Henry Melchior Muhlenberu;, 
144, 175. 

Richards, H. M. M., Contribution by, 175. 

Richards, Rev. John William, D. I)., 175. 

Richards, Matthias Henry, D. I)., 144, 175. 

Richards, Peter, 66, 180, 184. 

Richards (Reichert) Family, The, 174. 

Ricliardson, W. H , 81. 

Rich Valley Creek, 15. 

Roberts, ElU^ood, 114, 175. 

Rockhill Township, 15. 

Roman Catholic Churcli at Ballv, The, 

Rosenberger, S., M. D., 76. 

Roth, John B., 36. 

Royer, (see Reyer. ) 

Royer, John, 156. 

Royer, Joseph, 15(). 

Royer, Philip, 155. 

Royer Family, The, 153. 

Saint James' ICpiscopal Church, 32, 33. 
Saner, Christopher, 2d, 78, 177, 182. 
Saur Bible, 35. 

Saur's Germantown Paper, 32. 
\ Saylor, Peter, 35. 
Schall, Tobias, of Oiey, 127. 
Schneider, Rev. Benjamin, D. D., 192. 
Schneider, Prof. Elias, 192. 
Schneider, William H., Escj., 37, 192. 
Sclirack, John Jacob, 58, 86. 
Schultz, Anna Rosina, 80. 
Schweisford, Henry, 62. 
Schwenck, George, 70, 117. 
Schwenck, Mrs. Maria Magdalena, 75. 
Scythe-Whetter'sSong, The, 144. 
Sechler, Rev. John H., D. D., 144. 
Setzler, Frederick, 85, 95. 
Sellersville, 15. 

Settler, The, 7. 

Shattick, James, 34. 

Sheeleigh, Rev. Matthias, D. D.,113, 165. 

Sheiffly, Mathias, 39, 41, 64. 

Shelley, Professor Albertus, 68, 110, 128, 
129, 137, 150, 176. 

Shelly, Aaron F., M. D., 20. 

Shelly, Rev. A. B., Contribution by, 88. 

Shelly, Rev. A.S., Contribution by, 94, 126. 

Shelly, Rev. David H, 76. 

Shoemaker, Miciiael, 62. 

Shotz, Henry, 106. 

Shuler (Shouler, Showier), Gabriel, 105, 
118, 137. 

Shuler, John, 30. 

Shultze, David, 6, 80, 135. 

Skippack, 16. 

Skippack Creek, 15. 

Slaves — Negro James, 44 ; Dolly, a Mulat- 
to, 45 ; Simon Contzler, 84. 

Smith, Samuel, 112. 

Snyder, Antes, 171. 

Soldiers of the Civil War, The, 49. 

Sorver, Jacob, 135. 

Souderton, 38. 

Sower, Christopher, 2d, 177, 182. 

Spangler, Henry T., D. D., 76, 81. 

Spring Mount, 68. 

Sprogell, John Ilem-y, (^G, 122. 

Stauffer, Henry, 36. 

Steel, James, 27, 68, 73. 

Steger, John, 46. 

Stone, Frederick D., 18. 

Stone, Frederick D., Doctor of Letters, 175. 

Stove Cast at Hereford Furnace in 1767, 

Sumneytown, 16. 

Sumneytown, Recruiting at, in 1776, 107, 

Swaine, General Francis, 192, 194. 

Swaine, Mrs. Mary, 194. 

Swamp Churches, 16. 

Swamp Creek, 16. 

Swearing the Immigrants, 52. 

Taxables of Frederick Township for 1776, 

Taxables of New Hanover Township for 

1779, 185. 
Telford, 38. 
Then — Now, 35. 
Towamensing Township, Ki. 
Trappe (Trap), 16, 37. 
Trappe's Distinguished Men, The, 123, 

Trunibaurville, 16. 

Upper Hanover Township, 12. 
Upper Milford Township, 13. 
Upper Providence Township, 14. 
Upper Salford Townsliip, 15. 
Ursinus College, Association Dinner, 76; 
The Past Year at, 81 ; Notes, 176. 

Valley Forge Park, 65. 
Von Alten, Baron, 11. 

Water Supply for Philadelphia, The 
Upper Perkiomen Vallev as a Source of, 



Weand, Hon. Henry K, 131. 

AVeand, Jost, 131. 

Weand, Wendel, lst,7, 130. 

Weand, Wendel, 2d, 130. 

Weand, Wendel, 3d, 131, 166. 

Weand Family, The, 130. 

Weaver, Abraham, 30. 

Weaver, Ethan Allen, 175. 

Weaver, Mrs. Mary Patterson, 31. 

Weber, Rev. Jesse Stroud, 35. 

Weber, John Herman, 35. 

Weinberger, Minerva, Contributions by, 

61, 71, 114. 
Weiser, Conrad, 156, 157. 
Weiser, Rev. C. Z., D. D., 22. 
Weiser, Rev. C. Z., D. D., Contributions 

by, 64, 101. 

Wentz, John, Justice of the Peace, 72. 

Wentz, Peter, 2, 28, 87. 

Where They Came From — Evert Inde 

Haven, 6 ; Frederick Pennebecker, 6 ; 

Joseph Wiand, 31 ; Simon Keppler, 31 ; 

Jacob Markley, 62. 
Wieand, Rev. C. S., 132. 
Wieand, Jost, 131. 
Wieand, Wendel, 131. 
Wiegandt, Elias, 132. 
William Penn in America, 65. 
Wood, Geo. W., lO. 
Worcester Township, 16. 

Yost, Hon. Isaac F., 150. 
Yost, Philip, 30, 57, 189. 

Zieglerville, 68. 

'Q^^-^-'^^^i^'^^^^ Oo-c^- o.^^ CtsLJ^L.'u^^c (f/ci^w ^ p ^-^