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|HI8 Memorial Volume is issued in conformity with a numerously expressed 
desire, on the part of the loyal inhabitants of our town and county, for 
a permanent and authentic Illustrated Record of the Queen's State Visit 
to Derby on May 21st, 1891. The occasion in question far transcended in interest 
and importance any other Boyal Visit recorded in our local annals ; and it was felt 
on all sides to be only in accordance with the fitness of things, that to its history 
and description should be devoted a volume forming at once an artistic and enduring 
memento of the great event. The fact that the recent Boyal Visit was the first 
State Visit with which Derby has been favoured by Her Majesty, imparted a unique- 
ness to the occasion which was the more marked and the more appreciated owing to 
the well-known rarity of such an occurrence. In a word, our citizens felt that they 
were the recipients not only of a great but an exceptional honour at the hands of 
their Sovereign ; and they attested their sense of the distinction by affording Her 
Majesty a welcome which, it is no exaggeration to B^y, has never been surpassed, 
either in point of heartfelt loyalty or spontaneous enthusiasm. Moreover, the mission 
of benevolence — typical of Her Majesty's life — on which the Queen came amongst her 
devoted subjects in Derby struck a sjrmpathetic chord in every heart, and shed additional 
lustre upon Her Majesty's sojourn in Derby on the memorable Twenty-first of May. 
The Derbyshire " Boyal " Infirmary, as, by Her Majesty's gracious assent to the 
Mayor's application, the beneficent institution in whose behalf she visited Derby is 
now entitled, has at a time of grave difficulty and sore perplexity been favoured with 
the gracious presence and invaluable personal assistance of our Sovereign Lady the 
Queen. By consenting to come to Derby and lay the foundation-stone of the new 
Infirmary, so imperatively required for the welfare of our sick and suffering, Her 
Majesty gave such a stimulus to the scheme for erecting the new Institution as has 

viii Record of the Queen* s State Visit\to Derby, 

already gone far towards carrying it to a successfal issue. A oonsiderable snm of 
money, it is trne, still remains to be raised ere the total cost of the new buildings is 
fully provided for ; and no efforts should be relaxed until ihe entire amount is forth- 
coming. At the same time, considering the very large sum required and the 
comparatively brief period during which the appeal has been before the public, the 
results already achieved are gratifying in the extreme, indicating, as they do, great 
liberality on the part of all classes of the local community, and an earnest deter- 
mination to accomplish the object in view. It is, of course, neither possible nor 
desirable to assess in pounds, shillings, and pence, the precise extent to which Her 
Majesty's State Visit has already directly benefitted the building fund for the new 
Infirmary. But, as all who have watched the progress of the movement will 
gratefully acknowledge, Her Majesty's Visit — from the immediate date of its announce- 
ment — exercised a remarkably beneficial influence upon the scheme in whose behalf 
it was undertaken, imparting to it a powerful impetus, the value of which cannot 
be over-estimated. The new era in the history of our principal town and county 
charity, so graciously inaugurated by Her Majesty, cannot fail to be fraught for all 
time with such results as will cause the inhabitants of Derby ever to look back, with 
profound gratitude and delight, upon May 21st, 1891, as the most brilliant red-letter 
day in their local annals. 

The various ceremonies and rejoicings so fully chronicled in this volume need 
no detailed comment in this introductory article. But this it is only right to say : 
their brilliant success was greatly due to the personal efforts and unstinted munificence 
of the Mayor of Derby (Sir Alfred Scale Haslam, Et.), whose eminent public services 
received such distinguished recognition at the hands of Her Majesty. Sir Alfred 
expressed his determination that Her Majesty should be accorded a welcome second 
to none which she had ever received ; and the loyal inhabitants of our borough 
followed his lead in a manner which left nothing to be desired. It is not too much 
to say that at this important epoch our ancient and loyal borough not merely upheld 
its best and most cherished traditions, but added a chapter to its history which will 
ever redound to its honour and credit. 

The account of Her Majesty's Visit and the various proceedings incidental 
thereto which is furnished in this volume, has been reproduced, after careful revision, 

lUcord of the QMtn't StaU Visit to Derby. 

from the colnmns of the Derbyxhire Advertiser. Bjr general consent, the reports which 
appeared in the AdvertUer formed infinitely the best and most graphically -written 
record of the Queen's Visit ; and there can be no manner of doabt that their 
re-publication in this handsome volnme will form a most acceptable permanent 
memento of the ever -memorable event. With reference to the illustration b and 
portraits with which this work ia so' profnsely embelliabed, the Editor begs to express 
his acknowledgments to Mr. W. W. Winter, from whose photographs the great 
majority of them have been engraved, and to the other artists, inclnding Mr. B. Eeene 
uid Mr. Scotton, who have allowed him the nee of their photographs. 



Intboduotion 1-11 

Special Meetino of the Town Council 11, 12 


Departure op the Quern from Windsor 18 

Arrival at Burton - - ... 14 

Waitino for the Queen at Derrt Station 14 

The Arrival 16, 16 

The Scene Outside 17, 18 

The Rotal Route to the Market Place 19 


Orand Reception and Ceremony 20-26 

THE addresses- 
Derby Corporation 26-80 

The Maoistrates of the Borouoh 81 

The County Council of Derbyshire 81 

The Magistrates of the County --...... 82 

Derby Board of Guardians 82 

Derby School Board - - - 88 

The Clergy of the I)eanery of Derby ----:-- 84 

The Medical Profession of Derby - 86 

Nonconformist Churches of Derby 86 

Derby and Derbyshire Nursing Association ...... 86 

Bepton School 86 

Derby School 87 

Masters and Boys of Trent College ....... 88 

The Freemasons of Derbyshire -------- 88 

United Temperance Societies 89 

Derby Chamber of Commerce ...-----. 40 

The Friendly Societies of Derby 40 

The Teachers of Derby and District 41 



Thk Queen's Costume 61 

xii Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 


The Queen's Bouquet 51 

The Other Bouquets 51 

The Matob*s Reception Bobk - • 51 

The Dresses of The Mayoress and the Misses Haslam 51 

The Official Account of the Queen's Visit 52-64 

GRAND MAYORAL BANQUET • . . . . 55.66 


The Appearance of the Streets at Nioht 66, 67 

The Interior of the Railway Station 68 

The Floral Corridor 68, 69 

The Royal Reception Room 71-78 

The Royal Retirino Room 78, 74 

The Station Exterior »^ - 74 76 

The Midland Hotel 76 76 

The Everoreen Arch at the Midland Station - . . . . 76-78 

The Mayor's Dinino Marquee - 78 79 

The Electric Illuminations 79 80 

The Royal Pavilion 80-82 

Midland Road 88-86 

London Road 86-88 

St. Peter's Street 88-92 

The Corn Market 92-96 

The Market Place 96-97 

St. James's Street 97 98 

The Strand gg 

Cheapside - - - 98, 99 

The Wardwick 99^ lOO 

Victoria Street 100^ 101 

North Lees lOi 

Streets not on the Royal Route 102-106 

The View from All Saints' Tower 107-110 

Display of Fireworks at the Arboretum HI 

The Excxtrsions 112 

Military and Police 112, 118 

Oratifyino Announcements from the Magistrates 118 

Sir Alfred Haslam is Proud of Derby II4 

The Town Council and The Mayor 114-116 

The Queen's Carriages and Horses II7 

Bands and Stations 117, 118 

The General Arranqemknts - - 113^ ng 

Record of the Queen*8 State Visit to Derby. xiii 


Items of Intebest 119-122 

A Gbipplb's Offering — Touohino Inoidbnt 128, 124 

Ambulance Stations 124, 125 

The Decobations Committee 125 


Dbsobiption of the Gold Trowel 128 

The Pulpit and the Queen's Visit 129-184 

THE PRESIDENT OP THE INFIRMARY— Sib William Evans, Babt. 185-187 

SIR ALFRED HASLAM, Kt., J.P., Mayob of DEBst-^A Sketch of His Cabeeb 188-149 

DERBYSHIRE GENERAL INFIRMARY— Descbiption of the New Buildings 151-158 

The Abchitects 158 

The New Hospital at Debbt 154 

histort of the institution 155-158 

The Medical Staff of the Derbyshire Infirmary • 158, 159 

A Brief Sketch of Queen Victoria's Reion 160-166 


The Queen's First Visit to Derbyshirb 169-171 

The Queen and Prince Albert at Chatsworth .... 171-174 

Her Majesty Reviewed the Yeomanry Cavalry .... 174^ I75 

Prince Albebt at Messes. Holmes' Coach Works 175-177 

Visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales to Chatsworth and Derby 177-182 

The Pbince of Wales' Visit. to Dovebidoe Hall and Debby - 182-185 

Debby School Receives the Pbince a Second Time 184 

The Pbinqe at Bubton-on-Tbent 185, 196 


Her Most Gracious Majesty The Queen ii 

Sir Alfred Haslam, Kt., J.P., and Lady Haslam ..... xvi 

The President of the Infirmary — Sib William Evans, Babt. ... 2 

The Old Infibmaby 4 

The Most Hon. The Mabquis of Hartinoton ....... 5 

The New Infibmaby 7 

Floral Canopy, Corner of St. James's Street 21 

The Town Hall, Derby 28 

The Reception in the Mabket Place 27 

I H. F. Gadsby, Esq., Town Clerk 29 

The Queen Layino the Foundation-Stone - 47 

The Qxteen ENioHTmo the Mayor 49 

Interior of the Royal Reception Boom 70 

The Queen's Chair 72 

Record of the Queen's Slate I'u 

The Gtebobbbn Aboh, Midland Station 77 

Tbidhphal Abch, Top op St. Peteb's Street 89 

The Boyal Hotbl 98 

Thb Fbbe LiBRABy 99 

The Debwent frou St. Maby's Brdmb 103 

The Royal Grown Derby Porcelain Works 104 

All Saints' Ghuboh 107 

The Old Silk Mill ntou Dbrwbnt Bridge ' 109 

Old Mabket Stone, Derby Arbobetuu 110 

The Fountain, Debby Abbobetuu Ill 

LiBUT.-CoL. Delacoube. Chief Constable 118 

Bailway Sebtanth' Oephanaok 119 

The Casket .... - 126 

The Gold Thowel 128 

The Haslah Foumdry and Enginebbino Wobks 148 

The Mayob's Abmobul Bbabinob 149' 

Debby fbou thb Lonq Bridoe .-------.. ] 50 

The PBKaiDENT op the Infibuaby and The Matob of Dbbby .... 151 

The Architbctb ............ 154 

Capt. Parry, Chief Constable of Dbbbyshirr 159 

His Gbaor The Ddkk of Devonshire, K.G. 168 

Chatsworth 170 

Hardwick Haij. - . . . . 180 



work of 
(bem with 

.HUESDAY, MAY 2l8t, 1891, wiU ever be remembered 

with tiie greatest jo; in the town and county of Derby. 

On' that date Her Most Qrocions Majesty the Queen 

honoured us with the State Visit which all classes had 

looked forwar4 to with snch unbounded pleasure. To say 

that the event realised the most sangaine anticipations of 

its snccess is bat feebly to express the general sentiment 

of unqualified delight which the Queen's gracious 

presence evoked in the hearts of Her Majesty's devot^ 

subjects in Derby. Many loyal and hearty receptions 

liavi'. in the course of her prolonged reign, been accorded to 

IliT Majesty in ail parts of her dominions; but it ie not too 

mnc]i to say that the welcome and ceremonies of Thursday, 

M.i_v 2l8t, in Derby, have never been excelled either in heartiness, 

brilliiincy, or the spontaneity of their loyalty. 

An observation of respectable antiquity runs to the effect 
ihiit " great results from little causes spring." It is a little start- 
ling, nevertheless, to find that the visit to Derby of Her Most 
Gracious Majesty the Queen was due, amongst other reasons, to 
tiic mischievous destructiveness of the common rat. The chain 
of circumstance may be lengthy, but it certainly is unbroken, 
A number of the rodents in question, burrowing with the 
reckless pertinacity of their nature amongst the decaying briok- 
drains under and around the present Infirmary building, contrived to riddle 
holes. The foul gases escaped and permeated the building. Tlie institution 

designed for the purpose of restoring health became itself an originating centre of 
disBase, A new building became necessary ; and to lay its foundation-stone the Queen 
graciously consented to visit Derby. 

Not the whole of the blame, however, is to be attributed to the indnstrions animal 
that has been mentioned. The case against the old Infirmary rests on other and 
further indictments of its sanitary condition, the extent and seriousness of which may 
best be put in brief form by stating that they are sncb ae to cause an unanimous agree- 
ment as to the hopelessness of repair and the necessity of reconstruction. Costly though 
the scheme for building a new InQrmary may be, it is proved to demonstration that no 
other course is open. The citizens of Derby, therefore, with the inhabitants of the county 
generally, have addressed themselves to the task which lies before them in a hearty and 
cordial spirit, which leaves no doubt as to ultimate success, and suggests even that the hope 
may not be too remote that the operations may be so rapidly proceeded with as to render it 
possible for the Queen, who has now formally inaugurated the construction of the new 
building, to complete her gracious handiwork by again visiting Derby and assisting at the 


(From a Fholo. by W. W. Winter, Derby.) 

With the above observations by way of general summary, it may be useful here to give, 
in something hke historical sequence, an account of the proceedings which led up to the 
splendid and snccessful pageant of Thursday, May 21st, 189]. We must go bacli then to the 
early part of 1890, when a serious outbreak of illness amongst the nursing staff of the Infirmary, 
culminating in the nnfortunate death of one member, pointed to a defective condition of 
the institution. Sir William Evans, Bart., President of the Infirmary, took decisive action. 
Telegraphing to the Local Government Board for advice as to a competent inspector, that 
body recommended the employment of Dr. Seaton, who was promptly secured for the purpose 

Record of the Qtieen's State Visit to Derby, * ^ 

of a thorough examination of the building. Dr. Seaton's survey occupied three days. It was 
of the most exhaustive character, and its result was such as to fill the President— quoting 
Sir William Evans' own words — ^with ** astonishment and dismay." Dr. Seaton, in point of 
fskct, condemned the building in the most unqualified terms, and darkly hinted at the insuf- 
ficiency of any scheme of re-organisation and the necessity of re-building. The Governors, 
though astonished, happily did not allow themselves to be paralysed. They at once had the 
patients and nurses removed from the most dangerous parts of the building, and took what 
measures seemed to be practicable for the immediate repair of the most patent defects. 
Concurrently the advice of other experts was obtained. Sir Douglas Galton, K.C.6., 
D.G.L., F.B.S., an authority of high rank, and Mr. Rogers Field, a specialist in hospital 
construction, were in turn consulted, and for once doctors, notwithstanding a well-known 
saying, did not differ. The Infirmary stood condemned. It was an old building, erected 
in accordance with the best knowledge possessed at the time, and in its day and 
generation an admirable institution enough. Unhappily, the extensions, which from 
time to time had to be made to meet the growing wants of the population of 
Derby town and county, had, whilst increasing its accommodation, sadly impaired its 
efficiency. The fresh air supply at various points was cut off. A complicated system 
of ventilation and warming by means of flues carried inside the walls ceased to be 
understood, the key to it being lost as the years progressed and the persofinel of the 
establishment altered. Repairs to those same flues being from time to time necessary, 
they were attempted by bricklayers of more zeal than prudence, with the deplorable result 
that drain pipes and ventilating pipes were confused, communication was established between 
them, and the very system which was designed for the admission of fresh and health -giving 
air became actively employed in the diffusion of foul and contaminated gases. In addition 
came the depredations of the rats, to which allusion has been made. Brick drains were 
carried under the basement — a method wholly disapproved of by modem sanitary science — 
and the bricks themselves being more or less porous, and the mortar having perished in the 
lapse of time, the rats found in the drainage system a happy hunting-ground for the exercise 
of their proclivities. As a consequence of all these causes, not only the subsoil, but the very 
walls of the building became penetrated with noxious matter. Any attempt at repair would 
be, in the opinion of the experts, enormously costly, and at the best ^ of more than dubious 
permanent utility. There remained only the one alternative, to pull the existing building 
down, and to erect a new hospital altogether. *' If that were done/' Sir Douglas Galton said, 
** and if attention were paid to the details on which efficient management depended, there would 
be established a hospital not only satisfactory in curative details, but also economical to 

It will be easily conceived that the dictum of these authorities, pronounced in such 
onhesitating terms, and so far-reaching in its purpose, caused much anxiety to the 
Governors of the Infirmary. Nevertheless they faced the situation boldly, and the result 
of their deliberations was to accept the task devolved upon them, and to set about the 
erection of a totally new structure, A powerful Building Committee was formed, plans 

necord of the Queen's State Visit to Derhy. 

were sought for and scrutinised, and those of Messrs. Young and Hall, Architects, London, 
were approved. The resolve, in short, was taken. It next la; upon the Ooveniors to 
secure that which alone could afford hope of a successful issue out of their predicament, to 
wit, the hearty, generons, and enthusiastic concurrence of the public. The Duke of 
Devonshire, as Lord Lieutenant of the connty, was approached, and that nobleman, 
recognising that a great county undertaking was involved, to the promotioD of which the 
bouour and reputation of Derbyshire were committed, eammoned a meeting of county and 

Thk Old Infuuukt. 
(From a Photo, by W. C. Kerne, Derby,) 

borough residents for Thursday, the 9th of April, 1891. His Grace, himself, was unhappily 
unable from indisposition to attend and bear personal testimony to his interest in the project, 
though, as will be seen shortly, he adopted the most practtoal and munificent method of 
showing how warmly bis sympathies were excited. His place at the meeting was occupied 
by the Marquis of Hartington, and the assembly, as was at the time remarked, was 
thoroughly representative of all classes of the community, " from peer to peasant, and from 
the tnercbant prince to the labourer and the artisan." Lord BcaxBdale, the Bishop of Derby, 

lUeord of (A« Queen'i State Visit to Derby, 

Sir William Evans, Bart., the Hon W M Jervis Brigadier Oeneral Sir Henry Wilmot, Bart., 
Sir Henry Every, Bart., Mr E Miller Mundy (High Sheriff of the County), Sir Douglas 
Gidton, the Mayor of Derby and as it appeared almost every man of influence in the 
county waB present at the meetmg together with many representatives of the trading and 
indnatrial occupations of the boroogh The appearance of the Drill Hall, in short, bore 
ample evidence of the extent to which the new project had engaged the interest and the 
attention of all classes. The meeting was appropriately opened by the Bishop of Derby with 
prayer, after which Lord Hartington m one of his moBt stateBmanlike and convincing 
speeches, laid clearly before the gathering the leading circumstances of the case. He spoke 

The Most Hom. The Uasquib or EiBTdOTOH. 
{From a Photo, by the London Btgreoicapic Co.) 

of the good work performed by the Infirmary in the past, and explained how it came about 
that its capacities for farther good were now impaired ; and he dwelt upon the prime 
importance of keeping fully abreast of the age in regard to an institution of this character. 
His lordship also referred to the fact that Her Majesty the Queen had undertaken to lay the 
foundation-stone of the proposed new building ; and although delicacy of feeling prevented 
the Marquis from explaining how it happened that so signal an honour came to be 
vouchsafed to Derby, many in the audience were able to solve the point, Imowing that it was 
largely to Lord Hartington's own endeavour— exerted willingly in this, as in other 
directions, for the benefit of the town and ooonty with whieh he is so honourably 

6 Hecord of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

» _^^..^^.^^^^^^_____^_^_ 

connected — that the visit of Her Most Gracious Majesty was due. What his lordship did 
feel at liberty to enlarge upon, however, was the stimulus to local effort which the presence 
of the Queen should afford. He made an earnest and eloquent appeal to the public for 
assistance in the work — an appeal which, being just as timely and appropriate now as then, 
we need not offer an apology for repeating. Lord Hartington then said he entertained not the 
smallest doubt that Her Majesty would receive from the county and the borough not only a 
respectful and loyal, but an enthusiastic welcome. But the most solid and substantial proof 
which could be offered to Her Majesty of the value which the people of Derby set upon her 
kindness lay in the amount of support which they were willing to give to the object for 
which she would visit the town. *' Not the most enthusiastic cheers which Her Majesty 
could receive in the streets, not the most flattering expressions which could be laid at her feet 
in the addresses which would be presented to her, not the outward and visible signs of 
rejoicing which would meet her eyes in every quarter — ^none of these could tell the Queen so 
eloquently the appreciation of the honour which was being done to Derbyshire by her visit, 
as the assurance which he trusted they would enable the Governors to give to Her Majesty 
that, in great part owing to her auspicious presence among them, no difficulty had been 
found in raising the funds which would be required for the completion of this work of 
necessity and mercy." 

It became the duty of Captain Eeid, secretary to the Building Committee, afterwards to 
read the list of promised subscriptions. It opened right nobly. The Duke of Devonshire 
undertook to contribute £8,000; Bir William Evans, Bart., President of the Infirmary, offered 
a like amount ; the Shareholders of the Midland Railway Co. headed the list with a mag- 
nificent promise of £5,000 ; and other promises were — Mr. Walter £vans, £1,600 ; Mr. T. H. 
Oakes, £1,000; Mr. Francis Ley, £1,000; Mr. G. H. Btrutt, £1,000; Messrs. Boden & Co., 
£1,000. Numerous donations of £600 and lesser amounts were offered, and indeed it 
appeared that of the £64,000 or £65,000 required to complete the new Infirmary, a sum of 
£81,000 had been guaranteed in the short space of the fortnight during which the scheme 
had been before the public. The result was satisfactory in two ways. It was in itself a 
splendid evidence of the capacities of Derbyshire folk in the direction of charitable donation, 
and it demonstrated that the decision of the Governors to build a new Infirmary rather than 
reconstruct the old, had received most fully and amply the necessary imprimatur of public 
approval. As a matter of form, however, it was necessary that a formal resolution, com- 
mitting the meeting to an endorsement of the Governors' action, should be duly passed, 9Jid 
this was moved by Sir William Evans and seconded by the High Sheriff of Derbyshire. 
It was supported by Bir Douglas Galton, who took the opportunity of informing the meeting, 
ex cathedra and in detail, of the defects of the old Infirmary and the impossibility of adequately 
overcoming them in the existing building. The resolution, on being put to the vote, was 
unanimously carried, as was also a further resolution, proposed by the Mayor of Derby 
(Mr. now Sir Alfred Seale Haslam), and seconded by Lord Scarsdale, by which the meeting 
pledged itself to the endeavour to raise the necessary funds. 

Meantime the Mayor of Derby himself and the borough authorities had not been idle. 

8 Record of the Queen*8 State Visit to Derby, 

Meetings of the Corporation had been held. A proposal of the Mayor to vote £2,000 from 
the Corporate funds towards the cost of the Infirmary it had been found desirable, in the 
light of subsequent questions as to the legality of such a course, to withdraw ; but His 
Worship's private and personal munificence was perhaps all the more fully expressed. Not 
only did he make a handsome donation to the building fund, but he charged himself with 
the cost of entertaining the royal and other guests upon the occasion of the Queen's visit, 
and with many of the other expenses involved in connection with the occasion — this liberality 
being all the more accentuated in view of the fact that the Mayoralty of Derby, unlike the 
case of many large towns, is a purely honorary office — and on the 21st April he presided at 
a large public meeting of the inhabitants of the borough held in the Derby Guildhall. 
Again there was absolute unanimity on the score of the necessity of the new building, 
and again there was evidenced an enthusiastic resolve on the part of the inhabitants to do 
all that in them lay to secure the success of the great object which lay to hand. This 
was shown by the most practical of all testimony. Not only were individual donations 
announced, which brought up the total building fund to more than half the required figure, 
but the co-operation of working men was indicated in a very excellent manner. It appeared 
that the employes in more than one large industrial establishment had undertaken to deprive 
themselves of one day's pay in order to present to the fund the amount so represented. 
There was every indication, moreover, that the example would be generally followed, and tkat 
the working classes, to the alleviation of whose sufferings infirmaries are mainly devoted, 
would thus ^ow themselves praiseworthily prompt in recognising the responsibility that lay 
upon them. The main object of the town's meeting — to endorse the general policy of the 
Governors of the Infirmary — was accomplished in the adoption of the following resolution, 
which was proposed by Mr. W. G. Norman, seconded by Councillor Foulds, and supported by 
Councillor Jackson, Mr. Geo. Powell, Mr.W. J. Piper, and Mr. Alderman Bemrose, J.P. — "That 
this meeting recognises the necessity for re-building the Derbyshire General Infirmary in the 
interests of those members of the community for whom the institution exists, and approves 
of the course taken by the Governors." The resolution was unanimously carried, and the 
Mayor, turning to the second part of the evening's programme, made some interesting 
announcements as to the route to be taken on the occasion of the Royal visit, and also on the 
important subject of the decoration of the streets. These arrangements, in their details, had 
subsequently to be subjected to some slight modification ; but on this score full information 
will be found in another part of this volume. It has here been our function to attempt to 
recapitulate the circumstances which led to the ceremony of Thursday, May 21st, and to do 
so in a brief and connected narrative which may be of service to Derby residents, and at the 
same time place the thousands of visitors from a distance in possession of information which 
may afford them all necessary comprehension of the pageantry they were privileged to witness. 
Here, too, must be recorded the note of mourning which unhappily tinged the otherwise 
gladsome ceremonial. Derbyshire people are too closely allied with the house of Devonshire 
not to feel a calamity befalUng it as one which comes nearly home to themselves. The death 
of Lord Edward Cavendish 'would have been lamented at any time; occurring as it did 

Record of the Queen's State Vidt to Derby, 9 

when the public mind was little attuned to tragedy, it came as a profound shook. 
Lord Edward, we may assume, would have been with us to share in the joys and hopes of 
the function of that memorable Thursday. His sudden and premature removal deprives both 
town and county of a figure of much prominence, and of a personality always welcome and 
agreeable. To the Duke of Devonshire, to Lady Edward Cavendish, and to Lord Hartington, 
many kind thoughts must silently have winged their way from the hearts of the masses of 
people collected in the streets of Derby, and the knowledge of this, let us hope, will be not 
without solace for a grief that must nevertheless, until time brings its anodyne, be poignant 
and intense. 

For several days prior to the event, visual evidence of the most ample kind had been 
afforded of the determination of the inhabitants of Derby to do honour to the occasion. 
Decorative preparations were commenced early, and the wisdom of this was manifest as 
time went on, for when Thursday arrived there were not wanting amusing instances of 
the inconveniences of procrastination. Whilst most of the inhabitants whose places of 
residence or business lay along the line of route had by noon on Thursday completed 
the measure of ornamentation to which they had addressed themselves, a few were to 
be observed feverishly at work in the attempt to make up for time which had been lost ; 
and as work under pressure of this kind is not always conducive to the maintenance of 
a philosophic temper, foolish virgins were once again the victims of a useful and time- 
honoured experience. As a whole, however, it must be said that everything was completed 
in an admirable manner. Thursday morning saw a vast' change from Wednesday night. 
Finishing touches had been administered, and along the greater part of the route the 
citizens were able to enjoy, in a series of coups d'ceU, many completed spectacles of 
singular picturesqueness and beauty. The general design of street decoration which is 
founded upon the erection of Venetian masts, has been subjected to some passing criticism 
as being conventional. It may be so ; but contemners of the old would probably be placed 
in a predicament if they were required to devise a method which should be at once newer 
and better. There is always in this, as in other matters, a carriere ouverte atuv talents ; 
but as, meanwhile, the genius has not appeared who is to metamorphose existing methods, 
those methods may not only be still employed, but it may be observed of them that they 
are not one whit less effective than of yore. The suggestion which the decorations afforded 
the mind was certainly poetic. It was that the whole of the progress of Her Majesty 
lay through bowers of flowers and evergreens, the waving of thousands of flags adding 
brightness and joyousness to her path. It was a thousand pities that the weather proved 
dull and chill. Brilliant sunlight would have added just the one element needful. That, 
however, is a matter beyond the control of the ruling authorities of so ancient a borough 
as Derby, a borough which — as the antiquarian researches employed in the preparation 
of the Corporation Address to the Queen inform us — was " a place of importance " in 
remote Saxon times. From the moment of leaving the railway station Her Majesty, 
connoisseur though she must be in the matter of public decorations and festivals, could 
hardly fail to find that the endeavours of Derby in this regard would compare well with what 

10 Record of the QweefCs State Visit to Derby, 

has been witnessed elsewhere. The magnificent evergreen and floral arch in the station yard 
was a structure altogether out of the common. Although absolutely temporary in its purpose 
it was wrought out with an elaboration of design and with a perfection of finish that could 
hardly have been exceeded in the case of an edifice destined permanently to gratify 
the artistic senses. The Midland Boad presented a vista of festoons of pink and white 
roses. The castellated gateway towards the extremity of this road, though in reality 
a mockery and a sham, which would have collapsed under the onslaught of an errant 
brewer's dray, fulfilled its purpose of looking massive, stem, and baronial. Turning 
into the London Road, the design of the decorations changed somewhat. The Venetian 
poles were linked together with double chains of evergreens, whilst the strings of roses 
crossing the thoroughfare gave place to bannerettes and flags of parti-coloured diversity. 
The scene at the Infirmary was one of extreme beauty. At this point the road is 
a fine, wide thoroughfare, and the effect of the flags in the roadway was helped 
by the decorations of the stands that had been erected for spectators, the visible 
portions of which were ablaze with the rich glories of the ever-useful crimson cloth. 
An evergreen arch, crossing the main road at its juncture with Castle Street, gave 
entrance to a stretch of roadway more circumscribed in its dimensions, though hardly 
so in the lavishness with which decorative possibilities had been called into play \ 
but it was at the angle caused by the joining of London Road and Osmaston Road 
that a more complete wealth of display commenced. A most notable double arch, covering 
both the roads named, had been constructed, surmounted with figures of Britannia, 
and bearing upon its walls pictorial devices illustrative of the trades pursued in the 
town. Ornament, however, was not alone the object of this edifice. It served a 
double debt to pay, in that a band stand had craftily been devised as an integral 
part of its structure, from the elevated platform of which stirring music was dis- 
coursed during the afternoon to while away the tedium of waitmg. Moreover, a 
fountain, cunningly arranged in a miniature flower garden, gave« charm to the eye 
whilst the strains of music afforded it to the ear. Another device which is not to 
be forgotten was a huge floral canopy at the junction of the Com Market with 
St. James's Street. Suspended in mid-air, this was a highly effective and artistic addition 
to the embellishments of the line of route, and one which gave a flourishing touch to a 
scheme of decoration which at this point was exceedingly handsome and complete. This 
canopy was in outline ; that in the Market Place, under which it was arranged that the 
Queen's carriage should stay whilst the numerous addresses of welcome were presented to 
Her Majesty, was of more substantial proportions. It was covered over with a rain-proof 
roofing, very prettily designed in Moorish style, and showed in relief against the huge canvas- 
covered and handsomely decorated enclosure in front of the Town Hall, in which the 
Corporation and privileged spectators assembled for the purposes of the address-giving. 

To do justice to the appearance of the town, the pencil of an artist would have been 
requisite. Words may be employed by a wielder of the pen able as Buskin, but it is the eye 
rather than the mind which is the recipient of impressions, and to this end the artist puts 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 11 

the mere penman to the blush. Generalisation must be employed. Passing along the streets 
through which the Royal procession passed, the spectator everywhere beheld a vision of 
banners, of trophies, of streamers fluttering in the wind, and of flowers and shrubs deftly 
arranged by thousands of tasteful hands into designs full of grace and beauty. The joyous 
sound of bells filled the air, peals being rung during the day from six of the churches. 
The strains of music floated upon the breeze from well-nigh a dozen bands at various stations 
on the line of route. The great inspiration of the scene, however, was derived, as is always 
the case, from the masses of human beings who filled the streets throughout the day. An 
emotional magnetism prevails whenever a huge concourse of people is assembled for a 
common object which in itself excites individual and general interest. Loyalty is a sentiment 
usually dormant because seldom required to be otherwise. But the visit of the Sovereign or 
a member of the Royal Family at once supplies the spark, and the feeling leaps into flame, 
and expresses itself in eagerness and enthusiasm, and in the case of Her Majesty we will 
venture to say with real and warm personal affection besides. It was the possibility of an 
over-zealous demonstration of these feelings that alone rendered street barriers necessary, 
and required the restraining influence of the additional police who were drafted into the 
town ; for nowhere in Her Majesty's dominions has a heartier welcome awaited her than 
that which was accorded on Thursday, May 2l8t, 1891, at the hands of the inhabitants 
of Derby. 


At half-past three on the eventful day there was a Special Meeting of the Town Council. 
His Worship the Mayor, of course, presided, and the agenda stated that the meeting had 
been called *' to affix the Common Seal to the Address to Her Majesty the Queen on the 
occasion of Her Majesty's visit to the town on the 21st of May, 1891." There were also 
present. Aldermen J. W. Newbold, W. Hobson, A. Woodiwiss, T. Roe, M.P., U. Sowter, 
Sir John Smith, W. B. Sherwin, and R. Russell ; Councillors S. Evans, J. Grundy, I. Eoome, 
G. B. Unsworth, T. L. Riley, R. W. Spriggs, A. Butterworth, E. C. Ellis, W. H. Marsden, 
S. Bennett, F. Stone, F. Ward, T. Sims, T. H. Harrison, G. Foster, T. H. Bennett, ' 
C. Wallis, T. Cox, F. E. Leech, J. F. Foulds, F. Duesbury, Dr. Laurie, W. Lowe, 
G. Bottomley, E. T. Ann, J. P. Doherty, P. Wallis, J. Jackson, Hon. F. Strutt, 
C. C. Bowring, W. Hart, W. Williamson, G. Dean, J. E. Russell, and W. Heathcote. 
The Mayor, who wore his robes of office, was accompanied by Sir W. Harcourt, Bart., M.P. 
(who was in Windsor uniform), Mr. Buszard, Q.C. (Recorder, in his robes). Sir Francis 
Burdett, Bart., and Lady Burdett. Aldermen Roe and Sir John Smith were attired in 
Court dress. 

The Mayor said they had met there that afternoon to affix the Common Seal of the 
Council to the Address to be presented to Her Majesty the Queen. It would be in the recol- 
lection of all that, when he had the pleasure of making the announcement to the Council 

12 Record of the Queen*8 State Vidt to Derby. 

that Her Majesty had graciously consented to visit the borough, it was unanimously agreed 
that an Address should be drawn up and presented to her. The Address had been prepared, 
but it had been to a certain extent kept secret in order that their proceedings that day might 
not be detracted from. The Address, however, had now been set forth fully in the pro- 
gramme, and he thought it would meet with their unanimous approval. His Worship then 
made the formal motion. 

Alderman Sir John Smith seconded the motion, and it was carried unanimously. 

The Mayor, rising again, said he had now to refer to a solemn matter. The untimely 
death of Lord Edward Cavendish had cast a gloom not only over those proceedings, but over 
the county and over the entire country. Lord Edward was an exceedingly popular man in 
all classes of society. Politics made no difference whatever to him. Although he might 
differ from his friends on important matters of politics, it never made any difference in his 
private friendships. He was a gentleman who moved among all classes of men, and he 
(His Worship) ventured to say that no one act of his could have met with their disapproval. 
They had not only to deplore the death of Lord Edward Cavendish, but they had also that 
day been deprived of the presence of Lord Hartington, who had .thrown his whole soul 
into those proceedings. We — ^added His Worship — sorrow in their great sorrow, 
and I think we ought to send a resolution of condolence. I move therefore the 
following proposition : — **Besolved, that the most sincere condolence of this Corporation be 
conveyed to Lady Edward Cavendish, his Grace the Duke of Devonshire, and the Marquis 
of Hartington upon the lamentable and untimely death of Lord Edward Cavendish, whose 
loss the Corporation feel to be one not only to his own family, but to the country at large, 
and especially to this county." 

Alderman Boe, M.P., in seconding the motion, remarked that there was no man either 
in Derbyshire or in the whole country who would not support it. When they considered 
the loss which Lord Edward Cavendish would be to his noble parent and to the county, 
they could not but feel that such a resolution ought to be passed, even on an occasion of that 
kind when they were in the midst of so much excitement and joy at the thought of seeing 
the Queen. He was sure a proposition of that kind would meet with the unanimous 
approval of the town. 

The resolution having been passed in solemn silence, the members of the Corporation 
proceeded to the Market Square ; and, as detailed elsewhere, entered the carriages provided 
for them by the Mayor, and, amidst the cheers of the crowd, took their departure for the 
station, in order to receive Her Majesty. 



A HE QUEEN, acoompanied by the Prince and Princess Henry of 
[g^^ Battenberg, witU their chlldreo, Prince Alexander, Princess 
Victoria Engenie, and Prince Leopold, left Windsor Castle at 
1,S5 p.m., for Derby. Her Majesty was attended by the 
Goautess of Errol, Hon. Miss Ethel Cadogan, Miss McNeill, 
Misa Cochrane, Lord Edward Clinton {Lord -in -Waiting), Major 
Bit Fleetwood Edwardea, Hon. Alexander Yorke (Equerries), 
Sir Henry Ponsonby (Private Secretary to the Queen), Dr. Reid, 
Mr. Muther, the Right Hon. Henry Matthews (the Home 
Secretary), and Sir Henry Ewart. The Royal party drove to the 
Great Western Railway Statlob, where the Boyal train — a London 
and Noi'tb-Westem one — consisting of sixteen saloon carriages, 
including Her Majesty's drawing-room and sleeping-cars, was in 
waiting. The railway ofBcials In attendance were Mr. N. J. Burliason. 
trafBc superintendent of the Qrent Western Railway, who had 
charge of the train as far as Leamington, and Mr. J. W. Neale, 
traffic saperintendent of the London and Nortb-Weetem Railway, 
who took over the charge of the train at Leamington, and Mr. Fraaer, 
station master at Windsor. Hundreds of spectators lined the route 
from the Castle to the station, and the Castle Gnard tamed out 
at the Henry VIII. gateway of the Castle, and presented arms as the Royal cortege drove 
down the grand drive from the Palace. The Qneen, who drove in & closed carriage, the 
weather being showery, loolied remarkably well, and bowed to the bystanders who sainted 
the Royal party. On arrival at the station the Queen and suite passed through the Royal 
waiting room and took their seats, the station precincts beii^ guarded by detachments of 
London Metropolitan Police. The Royal train lefb Windsor at 1.40 p.m. 

14 Record of the Queen* s State Visit to Derby. 


The Royal train passed through Barton Station at 6.17, and at that time the station was 
strictly guarded. In compliance with the regulations issued, Superintendent Gilhride had a 
staff of police on special duty guarding all the approaches to the railway at the station. The 
station was closed to all excepting passengers who were about to travel in trains going in 
the opposite direction to the Royal one. In Burton many Royal Standards and flags were 
floating, whilst on many of the breweries and public buildings bunting had been used with a 
good effect for decorative purposes. Along the line upon which the Royal train passed, 
Messrs. Allsopp & Sons', Messrs. Truman, Hanbury, Buxton & Co.'s, and Messrs. Bass & Co.'s 
piles of beer barrels were very conspicuous in their decorations, and could easily be 
seen by the illustrious occupants of the carriages. The Royal train passed one minute 


The interval of waiting on the platform inside the station — and one had to be in position 
a good hour before the time — was rather a tedious one, for there was no band playing (as at 
the outside) for the entertainment of the waiters. Not that the gathering was a very large 
one, for — apart from the railway staff and servants of the company — the number of passes 
issued to privileged persons was of the most strictly limited character. This was rendered 
alike necessary by the stringent regulations of railway companies under such circumstances, 
and by the special desire of the Court authorities that Her Majesty's reception — at the 
station, at all events — might be of the quietest possible character. The " dreary drip '* of 
arriving and departing trains was broken only by the arrival and departure of the various 
detachments of military and volunteers, with their respective bands, the Ashbourne corps 
(with whom the tall form of Lieutenant Matthews was noticeable) presenting a particularly 
fine appearance. The Guard of Honour, consisting of 4 sergeants and 100 rank and file of 
the 2nd Battalion Sherwood Foresters, were stationed qu the platform, under the command 
of Major Garrington, with whom were Lieutenants White and Robinson, and were carefully 
inspected beforehand by Colonel Hooke, commanding the 46th Depot, Captain Shaw, as his 
adjutant, being also very much in evidence. Amongst a host of railway officials present 
were Mr. G. E. Paget, chairman (in the uniform of a Colonel of the Leicestershire Yeomanry 
Cavalry), Mr. Chas. Thomas, deputy-chairman, Mr. W. U. Heygate, Mr. L. R. Starkie, High 
Sheriff of Nottinghamshire (in the uniform of the Yorkshire Yeomanry), Mr. G. Behrens, 
and Sir James Allport (in Court dress), Mr. John Noble, the General Manager (in the uniform 
of Honorary Colonel of the Railway Engineers Corps), Mr. W. L. Mugliston, Mr. T. G. 
Clayton, Mr. S. W. Johnson, Mr. W. H. Adams, Mr. G. H. Turner, Mr. McDonald, 
Mr. Argyle, Mr. Langdon, Mr. J. Pettifor, Mr. Pakeman, Mr. T. P. Osborne, Mr. Eaton, Mr. W. 
Towle, Inspector Loveday, Mr. Carr, etc. Presently a welcome telegram was read out by 
Mr. Mugliston, '* The QuiBen left Leamington safely at six minutes past four," and from this 
time satisfactory bulletins continued to be received of Her Majesty's progress along the 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 16 

railway rout.e from that place to Derby. Crimson cloth was laid down on the platform, time 
flew qnickly on, and things began to present a very business-like appearance. A little before 
five o'clock the arrival of the Pullman express from London brought down a number of 
notabilities, and these were reinforced a little later on by the arrival of the Mayor and 
Mayoress (with their children) and the Beception Committee. Amongst those present at this 
time we noticed the Right Hon. the Earl of Lathom, Lord Chamberlain of the Queen's 
Household (in Windsor uniform, carrying his white wand, and wearing his gold key of oflBce), 
the Right Hon. Sir William Vernon Harcourt, Q.C., MP. (in Windsor uniform), the Mayor 
of Derby, Mr. A. Scale Haslam, J.P. (in his gorgeous robes of office elsewhere described), the 
Mayoress and her children (whose dresses — elsewhere described in detail — were relieved with 
golden copies of the medal struck for the Mayor in honour of the occasion), Mr. Alderman 
Roe, M.P. (in Court dress). Alderman Sir John Smith, Knt., J.P. (in Court dress), the 
Recorder of Derby, Mr. M. C. Buszard, Q.C. (in his state robes and full-bottomed wig), the 
Bishops of Southwell and Derby (in black silk robes and three-cornered black hats). Colonel 
Hooke (in brilliant military uniform), the Right Hon. the Earl of Harrington (in the uniform 
of the Cheshire Yeomanry Cavalry), the High Sheriff of the county, Mr. E. Miller 
Mundy, J.P. (in the brilliant uniform of a Deputy Lieutenant), Sir Vauncey Crewe, Bart., 
Sir Andrew Walker, Bart., Mr. H. C. Okeover, J.P., and Mr. Fitzherbert Wright, J.P. (all in 
the uniform of Deputy Lieutenants), Mr. W. Harvey Whiston, clerk to the borough 
magistrates (in wig and gown), Captain Parry, chief constable of the county (in a handsome 
uniform, decked with three medals), the Under Sheriff, Mr. A. Grimwood Taylor, the High 
Sheriff's chaplain. Rev. E. Murray Robinson (in black gown, with Cambridge M.A. hood). 
Rev. Canon Knight (in black gown and Cambridge M.A. hood). Dr. Ogle (in the bright red 
robes of a doctor of medicine), and the remainder of the Reception Committee — mentioned 
in the carriages hereafter — the Duke of Portland, Lord Vernon, Lord Burton, Major Walter 
Boden, Sir T. W. Evans, Bart., and Sir Henry Wilmot, Bart., being conspicuous by their 
unavoidable absence. Colonel Hooke has already been mentioned, and that there were also 
with him a staff of military officers in brilliant uniform. At 5.20 the pilot engine arrived 
in charge of Lispector Piper, of the Locomotive Department, and this was, of course, a 
signal that the arrival of the august visitor was not to be long delayed. 


The train arrived punctually to the time appointed, the trumpeters blew a martial 
fanfare from their silver trumpets, and Her Majesty was helped to safely alight from her 
carriage by a Scotch and an Indian attendant. Her Majesty was received by the Mayor 
and Mayoress, the High Sheriff, and other dignitaries. The distinguished company forming 
the Reception Committee, who had been anxiously awaiting Her Majesty's arrival, formed 
in a line across the platform on each side of the carriage door, and the Queen walked between 
the lines, repeatedly bowing most graciously as she passed along. Her Majesty proceeded 
to the Reception Boom, where she was followed by the Mayor and Mayoress and their four 

16 Record of the Queen's State Yidt to Derby, 

children, escorted by the sword and mace bearers, and accompanied by Mr. M. C. Buszard, Q.O. 
(Recorder of Derby), Mr. H. F. Gadsby (Town Clerk of Derby), Mr. Paget (Chairman of the 
Midland Railway Company), and Mr. John Noble, J.P. (General Manager of that Company). 
The Queen took up a position opposite the doorway, in about the centre of the room, where 
she stood ready to receive those who were about to be presented to her. The Lord 
Chamberlain (the Earl of Lathom) first presented the Mayor to the Queen. The first words 
which Her Majesty uttered at the close of this interesting ceremony, were words of respect 
and affection for the memory of Lord Edward Cavendish, who had died a few days previously, 
and of deep and sincere sympathy with His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, Lord Hartington, 
and Lady Edward Cavendish and her family, in their great sorrow and bereavement. Her 
Majesty also thanked the Mayor for having kindly invited her to Derby, and expressed her 
pleasure at being able to visit " her loyal people " in the town. The Mayor respectfully 
assured Her Majesty that the people of Derby greatly appreciated the honour and privilege 
she had conferred upon them by graciously consenting to be present on that memorable 
occasion. On their behalf he gave her a hearty welcome, and assured Her Majesty that a 
most affectionate and loyal reception would be accorded to her during her progress through 
the town. At this juncture His Worship presented Her Majesty with a gold medal (which 
had been struck from the same die as those supplied to the Reception Committee, the 
members of the Corporation, and 9,500 teachers and scholars) — having previously obtained 
permission to make this gift through Sir Henry Ponsonby, the Queen's Secretary. In 
accepting the gift, Her Majesty, in a few gracious words, expressed the pleasure it afforded 
her to receive so interesting a memento of her visit to Derby. The Mayor next had the 
honour of requesting the acceptance by the Princess Beatrice of a silver medal, to com- 
memorate her visit to Derby. (This medal had been struck from the same die as that 
presented to Her Majesty.) The Princess graciously accepted the gift, and cordially thanked 
the Mayor for the solicitude he had displayed on behalf of the Royal party, and the fervent 
cordiality with which they had been welcomed. His Worship gracefully bowed to the Queen 
and Her Royal Highness, and then retired from their presence. The Earl of Lathom 
presented the Mayoress to Her Majesty, who was most gracious and condescending to her. 
The Mayoress was accompanied by her youngest child, Master Eric Scale Haslam, who was 
attired as a Highlander in a Royal Stuart Tartan, which suited him wonderfully well, 
and which was greatly admired by the thousands of spectators who subsequently saw 
him in the procession. The Mayoress requested Her Majesty's acceptance of a magnificent 
bouquet of flowers, composed of choice floral specimens — orchids: cattleyas, lelia pur- 
purata, and odontoglossums, being the principal varieties used in its composition. 
The bouquet was in the **8tandish," or flat style, which Her Majesty likes, as it 
can be put down at any moment without injuring the flowers. It was supplied by 
Messrs. John Standish & Co., Court Florists, of London. Her Majesty graciously accepted 
the bouquet, expressing her great admiration of the flowers, and commanded that the 
bouquet should be placed in the Royal train, so that the bright and beautiful component 
parts of it might not be injured during her progress through the town, and the performance 

Record of the Queen* s State Visit to Derby, 17 

of the various ceremonies assigned to her. Her Majesty showed her pleasure by allowing the 
Mayoress to kiss her hand, after which she took hold of Master Eric's hand, and graciously 
permitted him to kiss her hand. The Lord Chamberlain presented her two daughters, 
Miss Hilda Scale Haslam and Miss Edith Scale Haslam, to the Princess Beatrice, whose 
charming amiability immediately won their hearts. Miss Hilda presented the Princess with 
a lovely bouquet, which she gracefully accepted. Three bronze medals (struck from the same 
die as those previously presented) were also handed to the Princess for her three children, a 
thoughtful gift, with which she appeared very pleased. Mr. Buszard, Q.C., Mr. Gadsby, 
Mr. Paget, and Mr. Noble were then respectively presented to the Queen, at the conclusion 
of which ceremony Her Majesty proceeded to the Boyal carriage, accompanied by the 
Princess Beatrice and Prince Henry of Battenberg. The procession was then formed, and 
the Boyal party entered the town amidst the acclamations of the assembled multitudes who 
lined the streets, occupied numerous platforms, the windows and roofs of houses, and every 
available place from which a glimpse could be obtained of the Boyal visitors. 


The keen interest taken in the Boyal visit found exemplification in the fact that the 
various stands in the Midland Boad began to find occupants so early as 2 p.m., and for a con- 
siderable period before that the barriers along both Midland and London Beads were lined 
two and three deep, notwithstanding that the afternoon's weather bore out the promise of the 
morning, and was the reverse of what is traditionally known as '* Queen's weather." A 
dripping rain, in fact, fell continually out of the clouds which loomed up from the north- 
eastern horizon before a 'wind which grew gradually more and more chilly. The meteoro- 
logical conditions, however, damped not the ardour of the tens of thousands who lined the 
route, patiently passing the time until the hoisting of the Boyal Standard on the Station front 
should proclaim the arrival of the train conveying Her Majesty and suite. As 8 o'clock drew 
near, the roads were cleared of pedestrians, and the long lines of humanity upon the pave- 
ments became thicker. Shortly after this time the children of the Bailway Servants' 
Orphanage, who, with those from St. Andrew's Schools, shared a large stand in Midland 
Boad, filed into their places in an orderly fashion ; the other stands also gradually filled up. 
At this time rain came down rather more smartly, and the gloom overhead seemed to 
threaten a more copious downfall. As the drops came down umbrellas went up, until the 
whole of Midland Boad was lined with them, and the stands seemed to be growing black 
mushrooms. Fortunately, the threats of Jupiter Pluvius were not carried into effect in their 
entirety, and the necessity for umbrellas became less. The weary interval of waiting was 
naturally spent in the admiration of the decorations, and those in Midland Boad were of an 
exceptional character. The triumphal arch of greenery between the Midland Hotel and the 
Shareholders' Boom came in for the greatest amount of attention, and to it was universally 
accorded premier honours. The decoration of the Station front was rather one of illumination 
than otherwise, and was seen at its best during the evening. The appearance of the street 
looking from the Station towards the London Boad end came in for much appreciation, 


18 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

for beyond a fairyland of pink and white festoons was seen the castellated aroh with port- 
cullis, which must have reminded Her Majesty of the one beneath which she made 
her exit from Windsor early in the afternoon. The long period of inaction was 
suitably relieved by such little humorous incidents as are welcomed by the populace 
under similar circumstances. There was the inevitable "Derby dog," who scampered 
along the whole length of the course, frightened to madness by the roars of laughter 
which greeted its appearance. Twice did this unfortunate mongrel run the gauntlet. Then, 
again, peals of ironical laughter greeted the arrival of a corporation cart with sand for 
the roadway. Another incident which elicited much applause from the Bailway Servants' 
Orphanage children was the appearance of the sword-bearer in the dignity of his uniform. 
Apart from the element of comedy the time passed pleasantly enough in the vicinity of the 
Band of the 2nd Volunteer Battalion Derbyshire Begiment, which occupied a stand at the 
Bailway Station, and the Band of the Bobin Hoods, who were located at the junction of 
Midland and London Boads. Then the Orphanage and St. Andrew's children rehearsed the 
National Anthem and Auld Lang Syne and practised volley cheering, and this caused an 
agreeable diversion. About 8.46 p.m. the men of the 2nd Battalion Cheshire Begiment 
marched from the station to take up their position on the route. It is worthy of note that 
each man wore a sprig of green oak in his cap. It may not be generally known that the 
wearing of this same sprig in the presence of Boyalty is a privilege belonging to this 
particular regiment in acknowledgment of their having been instrumental in saving the life 
of King George the Second at the battle of Dettingen. Then came a troop of Derbyshire 
Yeomanry Cavalry, under the command of Captain Dugdale, and it is not too much to say 
that the troopers were very deservedly cheered for their soldierly bearing, and the smart 
appearance of both horses and accoutrements, and they did justice to their selection as a 
portion of the guard of honour. It was now 6.0 p.m., and the interest plainly began to 
intensify. The State coaches appearing at the top of Midland Boad became the signal for 
renewed cheering, and almost simultaneously the remainder of the 2nd Volunteer BattaUon 
Derbyshire Begiment came upon the scene from the railway station. Midland Boad had up 
to this time been kept by the representatives of the civil power alone, but within a very few 
minutes the traditional ''thin red line" extended on both sides of the way, the scarlet 
uniforms adding considerably to the picturesqueness of the scene. Another brief period and 
the civic procession hove in sight, preceded by the orthodox halberdiers and the borough 
banners, the carriers of which had a Uvely time of it owing to the wind. Time now passed 
rapidly and excitement intensified. Only fifteen minutes separated us from the Boyal arrival. 
This was reduced to ten, to five, and then a burst of applause greeted the raising of the Boyal 
Standard, announcing the arrival of Her Majesty and Suite. At 6.40 p.m. the civic 
procession entered their carriages, and moved away. The Mayor's carriage was a large 
and exceedingly handsome one, painted claret colour, relieved with red, and with an interior 
beautifully Uned with morocco. That of the High Sheriff was also particularly fine. It was 
painted the family colour, blue, pricked out with red, and Uned with cloth and morocco, 
embellished with the arms of the fiamily. 

Record of the Queen*8 State Vint to Derby, 19 


Hardly had the Corporation procession reached the top of the street, and the plaudits 

by which it was again greeted had by no means died away in the dist&nce, before the first 

of the escort of Dragoon Guards entered ttie road from the station premises, and a 

deep-bayed roar of welcome testified to the fact that the Queen had entered, at exactly 

5.45 p.m., on her journey townward. The procession was marshalled in the following 


Mounted Police. 

Distance between the Processions, 800 to 400 yards. 

Heb Majesty's Procession. 

Lieut.-Colonel Delacombe, Chief Constable. 
Escort of the 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabineers), accompanied by Major Parker, Capt. Massey, 

o g 

and Lieut. Francis. 
First Carriage. 

00 P 



a § T.R.H. Prince and Princess Henry g »< 

<^ of Battenberg. ? 2. 

Major-General Sir Henry Ewart, Equerry. 
Major-General H. C. Wilkinson, C.B., Commanding N.E. District. 

Capt. Birkbeck, Aide-de-Camp. 
Col. T. Eelly-Eenny, Assistant Adjutant-General N.E. District. 
Sixteen men of the 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabineers). 

Second Carriage. 

The Countess of Erroll (Lady-in-Waiting). 

The Honourable Ethel Cadogan (Maid of Honour). 

Miss McNeill (Woman of the Bed-chamber). 

Miss M. Cochrane (Lady-in-Waiting to Princess Beatrice). 

Col. H. H. Hooke (Commanding Troops at Derby). 

Third Carriage. 

The Right Honourable The Earl of Lathom, Lord Chamberlain. 

The Bight Hon. Henry Matthews, Q.C., M.P. (Secretary of State for the Home Department). 

General The Right Hon. Sir Henry Ponsonby ^ivate Secretary to Her Majesty). 

Lieut.-Col. Sir Fleetwood Edwards (Assistant Private Secretary to Her Majesty). 

Fourth Carriage* 

Lieut.-Col. The Lord Edward Clinton l/i*^^rv,« ;« w«:f;^« 
The Honourable Alexander Yorke jGrooms-m-Waitmg. 

Dr. James Reid, C.B. (Medical Attendant). 
Mr. Muther (German Secretary). 

20 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

Fifth Gabbiage (closed). 
Munshi Abdul Kerim and two Indian Attendants. 

Remainder of Escort of the 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabineers). 


Her Majesty's reception may be said to have been most hearty and spontaneous, and her 
progress was rightly characterised as uniformly and unequivocally magnificent. The National 
Anthem of course burst from the 2nd Volunteer Battalion Band as Her Majesty entered the 
scene, and this was repeated in turn by the Bobin Hoods as the Boyal coach passed, and then 
by the Band of the 45th Regiment at the Infirmary, the South Notts. Temperance Band in 
Traffic Street, the Band of the 2nd Cheshire Regiment on the Spot arch, the Burton Band at 
the Five Lamps, and lastly by the Grenadiers in the Market Square. It is to be remarked 
that the Boyal carriages, notwithstanding that rain continued to fall slightly, remained open 
throughout the journey, the Queen and Princess Beatrice graciously and continuously 
bowing their acknowledgments, and it was remarked that Prince Henry appeared to 
appreciate the right hearty reception accorded them by the people of Derby. Her Majesty 
evinced much interest in the appeai:ance of the Railway Servants* Orphanage Children, as 
indeed she did in the children's stands throughout the journey. The floral trophy at the 
junction of St. James's Street and the Corn Market attracted her attention as she admiringly 
drew the notice of Princess Beatrice to it. 





The hour of waiting for the important event of the day is always the most tedious. It 
is like ** The children's hour," when one is able to rest from the busier occupations of the 
day and wait for the lighting of the candles. So it was in the Market Place as we waited 
for the advent of the Queen, only that the hour was extended to three, and so the suspense 
was correspondingly prolonged. But the vast concourse of spectators who formed a living 
fringe and border to the Market Square had come to see, and they were content to wait in 
patience. The period of waiting, however, was not unoccupied, nor the temper of the 
populace unduly strained. There is always an element 6i accommodation in an English 
crowd, and the mutual desire which is ever present to help each other to enliven the tedium 
of waiting does much to assuage the feeling of weariness that is apt on such occasions to 
creep over one. The official programme fixed the time of the Queen's arrival at a quarter to 
six o'clock, but before two o'clock had struck from the Town Hall Tower the vacant spaces 
on the stands and galleries had begun to fill and the barriers held back a multitude of gazers 
who crowded upon them in several rows. Fortunately the weather, though cold and rather 
cheerless, was on the whole fair and dry, and therefore the main element of depression waa 
absent, and to state the converse, one of the main elements of success was present to the 


Record of the QueerCs State Visit to Derby, 

scene. In the earlier hours of the afternoon the spectacle was rather sombre in its appear- 
ance. The flags, which were floating from every house top and from the tower of All Saints' 
Church, displaying a profusion of Boyal Standards, hung rather listless, and were only 
unfurled as a passing breeze caught their folds and revealed their various devices to the eyes 
of the spectators. The band of the Grenadier Guards, muffled up in their storm cloaks, and 
wearing the busby, occupied the stand erected in the centre of the square, and during the 
afternoon helped to relieve the ennui by a fine performance of the programme following : — 

March ... '* 

Laud anf, Land abl " ... 


Invocation to 

Battle *' Bienzi " 


Selection ... 

... "Faust" 





Overtube ... 



Selection ... 

"The GondoUers" ... 



" Donau-Wftllen " 


March ... " 

Abschied von Foesani " 


Selection ... 




... "Toreador" 


Fest Mabsch 

... "Tannhauser" 


Selection ... 

... *'La Cigale" 


Overture ... 

... "Rob Boy" 


Marche Militauie 


As the afternoon advanced the scene began to grow in animation and in beauty. One by one 
the windows surrounding the Market Square began to fill ; then occasional faces began to 
appear on the various roofs, then the galleries by which the square was enclosed were 
occupied by the ticket holders, and with few exceptions by four o'clock not a seat was without 
its occupier, not a window but was alive with human faces, not a point of vantage but had its 
occupant. And still an hour and three quarters must elapse, at the least, before the object 
of our assembling could arrive and our curiosity be gratified. But as the hour advanced for 
the arrival of the Queen the tedium of waiting declined. It is the earlier hours that hang 
so heavily. The later ones become more full of animation, and the knowledge that the 
interval of waiting is growing shorter helps one to bear it in greater patience. And besides 
there is more to distract the attention and occupy the mind. So it was on this occasion. 
Shortly before four o'clock the guard of honour, formed of the men of the First Volunteer 
Battalion The Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire Begiment), under the command of Captain 
Wheeler, arrived and took up their place. The Market Place was kept by a detachment of 
the same regiment, under the command of Lieut. -Colonel Corfield. The children of the 
various schools who were to take part in the welcome of song to Her Majesty, began to 
arrive about four o'clock, and quickly took up their positions on the stand erected for 
their accommodation. They arrived m quick succession, and included children from the 
Gerard Street, Orchard Street, and Ashbourne Road Board Schools, All Saints', St. Alkmund's, 
and St. Paul's, from the St. Michael's Church School, the St. Mary's Boman Catholic School, 
and the St, Anne's Church School. 

Record of the Quern's StrUe Vitit to 1 

Soon a^r four o'olock the oarriagee began to arrive by which the diBtii^atBhed 
participators in the events of the day were to be conveyed to the railway station to be present 
to meet the Royal train, and for some time there was a scene of great activity. As the 
carriages came up one by one they were speedily occupied, and as they left the enclosure the 
oocupants came in for a good deal of cheering, especially from the school children, who 

probably had never before been privileged to witness so many scarlet uniforms and so much 
gold braid in the ooorse of one afternoon. There were a few changes in the iiemmnel of the 
procession as it left the Town Hall for the station, and it oonsiBted of the following ladies 
and gentlemen : — 


Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

FntsT Gabriaoe. 

A. Woodiwiss, Esq., J.P. 

W. H. Whiston, Esq. (Clerk to the 

W. G. Wheeldon, Esq. 
J. Bailey, Esq., J.P. 

Second Gabriaoe. 

W. Turpie, Esq., J.P. 
W. H. Worthington, Esq., J.P. 
Herbert Strutt, Esq., J.P. 
Henry Swingler, Esq., J.P. 

Thibd Gabbiaoe. 

H. H. Bemrose, Esq., J.P. 
Lieut. -Col. Buchanan, J.P. 
Walter Evans, Esq., J.P. 
Rowland Smitii, Esq., J.P. 


Henry Boden, Esq., J.P. 
W. Hobson, Esq., J.P. 
Fitzherbert Wright, Esq., J.P. 
W. Ogle, Esq., M.D. 

Fifth Gabriaoe. 

Lieutenant-General Thomson, J.P. 
U. Sowter, Esq., J.P. 
Sir J. Smith, Knt., J.P. 
Sir J. J. AUport, Knt., J.P. 

Sixth Gabbiaoe. 

Sir William Vernon Harcourt, Q.C., M.P. 
Sir Vauncey Harpur Crewe, Bart. 
Thomas Boe, Esq., M.P. 
Lewis V. Harcourt, Esq. 

Seventh Gabbiaoe. 

Sir Andrew Barclay Walker, Bart. 
Lord Scarsdale. 
H. 0. Okeover, Esq. 

Captain Parry (Chief Constable of Derby- 

Eighth Gabbiaoe. 

The Earl of Harrington. 
Sir Francis Burdett, Bart. 
Lady Burdett. 

Ninth Gabbiaoe. 

The Bishop of Southwell. 
The Bishop of Derby. 
Canon Enight. 

Tenth Gabbiaoe. 

The High Sheriff (E. M. Mundy, Esq.) 
The High SheriflTs Chaplain (Rev. E. 

Murray Robinson). 
The Under Sheriff (S. A. Grimwood 

Taylor, Esq.) 

Eleventh Gabbiaoe. 

The Recorder (M. C. Buszard, Esq., Q.O.) 
TXhe Town Clerk (H. F. Gadsby, Esq.) 
Alfred Victor Haslam, Esq. 
Miss Edith Haslam. 


The Mace Bearers. 

Twelfth Gabbiaoe. 
The Mayor. 
The Mayoress. 
Master Eric Scale Haslam. 
Miss Hilda Haslam. 

The costumes worn by the gentlemen who took part in the procession were brilliant in 
colour, amd lent a variety to the scene. In the first carriage, Mr. Whiston, the Clerk to the 
Borough and County Magistrates, wore his robes of office ; in the third carriage. Colonel 
Buchanan wore the uniform of the 1st Battalion Derbyshire Volunteer Regiment, of which 
he is the Colonel ; in the fifth carriage, Sir John Smith and Sir James Allport wore Court 
dress ; Sir William Harcourt wore the Windsor uniform ; and Mr, Thomas Roe, M.P., wore 
Court dress. The Earl of Harrington was wearing the uniform of the Cheshire Yeomanry 
Cavalry. The Bishop of Southwell and the Bishop of Derby wore their bishop's robes. The 
High Sheriff (E. M. Mundy, Esq.) wore the uniform of a Deputy Lieutenant. The Recorder 
wore his Recorder's robes and a full-bottomed wig ; the Town Clerk was attired in Court 
dress, and wore his robes of office. The Mayor was attired in his Mayoral robes, and the 
Mayoress wore the dress which our readers will find described elsewhere, whilst the sons of 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derfn/. 26 

the Mayor were very beautifully dressed, the youngest wearing a Scotch costume. The 
dresses worn by the daughters of the Mayor are referred to in detail on another page. 
Among those present on the gallery behind the Royal platform were the following : — 

Sir James Allport, the High Sheriff (E. M. Mundy, Esq.), Colonel Cavendish, 
Mr. Alderman Eempson, Mayor of Leicester (wearing his chain of ofiQce and accom- 
panied by the mace-bearer) ; Aldermen H. H. Bemrose, J.P. ; J. G. Crompton, J.P. ; 
W. Higginbottom, J.P. ; W. Hobson, J.P. ; G. Holme, J.P. ; C. Leech, J.P. ; F. Longdon, 
J.P. ; J. W. Newbold, J.P. ; T. Roe, M.P. ; R. Russell, J.P. ; W. B. Sherwin ; 
Sir John Smith, J.P. ; U. Sowter, J.P. ; S. Whilaker; A. Woodiwiss, J.P. Councillors 

E. T. Ann, S. Bennett, T. H. Bennett, G. Bottomley, J.P., C. C. Bowring, J.P. 
A. Butterworth, G. Cholerton, W. Clemson, T. Cox, G. Dean, F. Stone, R. W. Spri«:gs 
T. Sims, J. C. Russell, I. Roome, T. L. Riley, W. H. Marsden, W. Lowe, F. E. Leech 
Dr. Laurie, J. Jackson, J. Hill, W. Heathcote, J.P., E. Haslam, W. Hart, T. H. Harrison 
J. Grundy, Dr. Gentles, J. H. Foulds, G. Foster, G. Fletcher, S. Evans, E. C. EUis 

F. Duesbury, J. P. Doherty, Hon. F. Strutt, G. Sutherland, G. B. Unsworth, J. Walley 
C. Wallis, P. WaUis, F. Ward, W. Williamson, W. W. Winter, J. Wright ; Mr. W. Wheeldon 
Mr. W. Bemrose, J.P. ; Mr. W. Turner Shaw, J.P. ; Mr. P. B. Chadfield ; Mr. W. Cooper 
Mr. W. Crowther ; Mr. W. Haslam ; Mr. Marshall ; Mr. T. W. Coxon ; Mr. G. Brigden 
Dr. Sims; Mr. W. H. Whiston; Mr. Rowland Smith, J.P. ; Mr. J. Bailey, J.P. 
Mr. J. Wright Baker, J.P.; Mr. G. Frost; Mr. H. F. Gadsby; Mr. J. Wills; Mr. J. Stem 
dale Bennett; Mr. R. J. Fittall; Mr. John Close (the Borough Coroner); the Rev. J. S. Owen 
the Rev. J. H. Askwith ; the Rev. J. E. Matthews ; the Rev. G. Hunsworth, etc., etc. 

When the procession had left, there was a temporary adjournment to the Town Hall, 
where light refreshments were served to the ticket holders. The rain, which, notwith- 
standing many threatenings, had held off bravely, began to fall rather heavily for a few 
moments, and the stands in a moment became a mere conglomeration of umbrellas. The 
sun, however, struggled bravely, and so far overcame, that for the remainder of the afternoon 
the weather remained dry, if cold. There was little to break the slow monotony of waiting. 
Shortly after five o'clock, Mr. W. Crowther, the curator of the Derby Free Library and 
Museum, stepped to the front of the band stand, and the children sang ** God save the 
Queen " and " Auld Lang Syne," by way of a dress rehearsal, accompanied by the band of 
the Grenadier Guards. In regard to time there was a good deal to be desired, but the 
youngsters sang splendidly in tune, and with characteristic nonchalance. As they rose in 
their seats to the invitation of their conductor the children presented a very pleasing and 
picturesque sight, but it was evident that their minds were with the briUiant uniforms and 
the moving throng, for the last verse of the old Scottish melody almost immediately was 
succeeded by a vigorous cheer for some passing notability. Still another half -hour to wait. 
The sun began to shine soon after half-past five, and with the brighter sky came a corre- 
sponding buoyancy all round. As six o'clock approached, the distinguished visitors who had 
left the square an hour before to welcome Her Majesty at the Railway Station, returned to 
take their places near their Sovereign while she performed the ceremony undertaken by her 

26 Kecord of tJie Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

at the Town Hall. The band of the Grenadier Onards took up their position facing the dais. 
They had now divested themselves of their heavy cloaks, and their uniform of scarlet and gold 
shone in the somewhat fitful gleams of sunshine with a welcome brilliance. Just as the hour 
of six arrived Was heard the distant cheering of the thousands who lined the streets all the 
way from the station. A moment afterwards came the order " Guard of Honour, shoulder 
arms/' and the band and children rang out the commencing bars of the National Anthem, as 
the Queen's carriage emerged round the corner and drew up at the dais. Her Majesty, all 
smiles, bowed almost continuously to the acclamations of the people, and as her eye wandered 
from one side to the other, and she caught the strains of the children's voices, a perceptible 
indication of emotion passed over her face. Her Majesty looked remarkably well in health. 
The writer had occasion to see her immediately before her departure for the Continent early 
in the year, and remarked a great change for the better. She was accompanied by Her 
Royal Highness the Princess Beatrice and Prince Henry of Battenberg. As soon as the 
strains of the National Anthem had died away the right Hon. the Earl of Lathom^ Lord 
Chamberlain, carrying his wand of ofSce, stepped forward, and in turn introduced to Her 
Majesty the gentlemen whose function it was to present the addresses Her Majesty had con- 
sented to receive. First came Mr. M. C. Buszard, recorder of Derby, who read the address 
of the Corporation, as follows : — 


To Her Most Excellent Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland. 

May it please your Majesty, — 

We, the Mayor, Corporation, and Burgesses of the borough of Derby, in Council 
assembled, desire permission to give public expression to our sentiments of loyal devotion, and 
to tender our most heartfelt welcome to your Majesty on the auspicious occasion of your first 
official visit to our ancient and loyal borough. 

While our town has shared in no mean measure the national prosperity and progress 
which your Majesty, under the Divine guidance, has been enabled to secure for this nation 
and people by wise and beneficent government, it has likewise participated in the great 
awakening and growth of humanity and pity which has found expression in so many works 
for the relief and mitigation of human suffering, and which will be for ever associated with 
your Majesty's personal influence and name, ranking among the most glorious achievements 
of your illustrious reign. 

Before proceeding to refer in particular to the immediate occasion of your gracious 
presence amongst us, with pardonable pride we trust we may be permitted to put your 
Majesty in remembrance of the fieu^t that Derby was a place of importance in Saxon times, as 
attested by the Venerable Bede writing in 666, and was visited by King Edwin about the 
year 627. In 874 King Alfred the Great constituted it the metropolis of the county, and 
honoured it with his presence. About that time his brave daughter Athelfleda was in 
command of the forces and defeated the Danes in 918. In Domesday Book Derby is described 
as a Royal Borough of Edward the Confessor, and privileged with a Mint. Derby was made 
a corporate town by Henry I., who granted a charter about the year 1100. This charter was 
renewed and enlarged by Henry II., and confirmed about 1827 by King Henry IH. In the 
year 1217 King John visited Derby, and granted a most important charter to the town, con* 
ferring great powers thereupon. In 1264 King Henry III. and his son. Prince Edward, 
visited the town. King Edward II. about 1322 visited the town with his ariuy. In 1422 
King Henry VI. granted a charter to the town. In 1466 King Edward lY. confirmed the 
charter. In 1488 King Richard HI. also confirmed the said charter. In the year 1668 

Record of the Qiuvn's Stale Visit to IWh,. 

Queen Miury granted the town a charter. On January IStli, 1685, Mary Queen of Scots 
stayed a night in Derby. In 1624 James I. and Prince Cbariea were also a night in the town, 
and the King confirmed the old Town Charters. In 1636 and 1641 King Charles I. visited 
Derby, and in 1687 that monarcli granted it a charter, and in or about 1680-82 King 
Charles II., granted the town ouv present and latest charter. 

Returning with especial pleasure and pride to the ever -to -be -remembered event of this 
day, we crave permission to express our gratitude for your Majesty's kindly interest in one of 
the greatest and most important of our public charities — that of our Infirmary, on whose past 
work we look with pardonable pride and gratitude, and to whose future ministry we look 
forward with much regard and confidence. 

We beg to assure your Majesty that the memory of this occasion will be cherished with 
pleasure and satisfaction in the annals of our borough and county, and we pray that, with 
the Divine assistance, the new building, to whose commencement your Majesty has this day 
accorded your gracious favour and welcome presence, may continue to dispense healing and 
succour to many generations yet to come. We vesture to express our confidence that the 
sentiments of loyalty, gratitude, and pride associated with this auspicious beginning will fur- 
nish a powerful incentive to the furtherance of that work of mercy and humanity which is at 
once a public duty aa well as a public privilege. 

To this recognition of the special services rendered by your Majesty's visit to our town 
it is not unfitting that we should append some general expression of the deep and cordial 
sentiments of loyalty which animate us as your humble subjects. 

The County of Derby, whose cliief town we represent, has, we hope and venture to 
believe, never failed to furnish its due quota of favoured and trusty servants for the ditfence 
of your Majesty's realm, as well as for counsel and assistance in the arduous duties connected 
with the governance of this wide and glorious Empire, in the history of which your Majesty's 
happy reign forms the latest and most illustrious page ; and we confidently hope that the 
future will show no diminution in that sense of public duty and loyal attachment to the 
person of your Majesty and the interests of the realm which we humbly claim for our 
borough and county is the past. 

Not a few of those present to-day will remember the enthusiasm and affection evoked 
OD the occasion of your Majesty's passage through the town in 1843 and 1849, in company 
with your Majesty's illustrious and lamented Consort ; and of the subsequent visit, nineteen 
years ago, of their Boyal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Wales. 

In the name of Uie whole body of loyal inhabitants of this borough, we embrace this 
opportunity of humbly expressing our sense of the many blessings we have enjoyed during 
your Majesty's long and glorious reign ; and we earnestly pray that life and those marvellous 
powers of body and mind vouchsafed to you by Divine I^ovidence, may long be preserved, 
and that your Majesty may continue to preside over the destinies of this nation for many 
prosperous years to come. 

Given under the Common Seal of the Corporation of Derby, this 21st day of May, 1891. 

fl«orrf of thf Qveen'a SttOf Vint to Derby. 

The address wets written od ten pages of Tellam, in German test with illuminated capitals 
and other adormnenta, bonnd together into a volume which forms a handsome quarto of 9 in. 
b; 12 in., and was placed in a casket of gold and ivory, described hereafter. The full descrip- 
tion of the address is as follows : — The first page opens with the commencement of the addreea. 
At the head are the Boyal Arms of England, supported on the left by those of the borough, 
suspended from a stem of Tudor roses, showing the association of the borongh and county in 
the great work inangnrated by Her Majesty, the rose being the badge of the conntj of Derby ; 
md OS the right by those of the Mayor, Sir Alfred S. Haslam. Passing to the second 
page, there are miniature views of All Saints' Ghnroh from Irongate, an old view of Derby — 
showing the silk mill and St. Mary's Bridge, and another view of the town from Bnrton 
Boad ; the emblematic adornments being sprays of oak with silver acorns in golden cups, this 
Eor the Ghnroh of old England. Next we come to views of Ohateworth and Hardwiok Hall, 

H. F. Gadsbv, Ebq. {Town Clvrk.) 
(From a Photo, by W. W. Winter, Derby.) 

seats of ttie Lord Lieutenant of the County and the Marquis of Hartit^ton— celebrated 
historic houses both. The decorative border is formed of rosea heraldically treated, and 
intended to represent England. Following this is a view of Haddon Hall from the park, the 
romantic seat of the Duke of Rutland, and a view of the first court by moonlight. The 
border to this page is formed from the acanthus leaf, on ornamental interlude between the 
time when this kingdom had not yet become the United Kingdom. Turning to page five are 
found views of Bolsover Castle — a seat of the Duke of Portland, and Willersloy Castle — a seat 
built by Sir Richard Arkwright, the founder of the cotton trade. The border is shamrock for 
Ireland. On the next page is an emblematic leek for Wales, the miniatures being views of 
Ilam Hall and a north view of Dovedale. Continuing, we find Matlock High Tor and the 
Ferry. Matlock, with acanthus scroll for border. After this Monsal Dale and another view in 

80 Record of the Queen*s State Visit to Derby. 

Dovedale, with a thistle scroll border for bonnie Scotland, which came in last and so 
completed the United Kingdom as we now have it. The last page but one is formed of 
acanthus scrolls, and the last has a scroll of seaweed, intended to convey the idea of the 
silver streak which girds and protects these islands. Here the address ends, being signed by 
His Worship the Mayor and the Town Clerk, and is sealed with the fine old common seal of 
the borough. This magnificent work of art — alike happy in its inception, admirable in its 
taste and style, and exquisite in its workmanship — was designed and executed by pur talented 
townsman, Mr. George Bailey, of 82, Crompton Street, Derby, whose antiquarian knowledge, 
great artistic skill, and long experience as an illuminator of the first rank, pre-eminently 
fitted him for the execution of the task which he has so well performed. The binding of the 
address is a beautiful specimen of gold tooling, after the manner of De Rome, early eighteenth 
century, with Harleian borders, the insides being in fawn coloured calf tooled to match ; the 
cover being in smooth crimson morocco leather — a beautiful work wrought with infinite pains 
by clever and careful workmen. This binding is from the well-known establishment of 
Messrs. Bemrose and Sons, of Derby and London. In painting this address the idea of the 
artist was not merely to ornament the pages but to make these ornaments tell the tale of the 
gradual growth of the United Kingdom ; a process that was the growth of many centuries. 
The parti-coloured rose was adopted at the birth of Henry VIII. in 1492, as issued from the 
red rose of Lancaster by his father, Henry VII., and the white rose of York by his mother 
Elizabeth of York. The trefoil or shamrock of Ireland was introduced at the union in 1801. 
Of the leek, for Wales, there are no precise data, but it may be reckoned from the birth of the 
first Prince of Wales, Edwiurd II., at Carnarvon Castle ; whilst the thistle, for Scotland, was 
introduced in 1687 by James II. 

The Mayor then stepped to the front, and presented the Address to the Queen, who 
received it in its beautiful casket with evident pleasure, and when the cheering had subsided 
graciously read the following reply, which was inaudible except to those who stood near to the 
Boyal equipage : — 

** I have received with much pleasure your loyal and dutiful address, and I highly appre- 
ciate the cordial welcome which has been accorded to me by my faithful people at Derby. 

** It is with sincere satisfaction that I observe how largely your ancient borough has 
shared in the great prosperity and progress of my kingdom, and I feel encouraged in meeting 
the responsibilities that devolve on me when I know that I have the hearty support of my 
faithful subjects, and I am glad to be here to-day. 

" I cannot but feel the greatest sorrow, which I am sure is shared by you all, at the 
death of Lord Edward Cavendish, who was so universally loved. I condole sincerely with 
his father and family, and I regret that this sad event should have deprived us of the 
presence of Lord Hartington on this occasion." 

The other addresses were then presented in the following order, but Her Majesty simply 
received them, and they were handed over to the custody of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Fleet- 
wood Edwards, the assistant private secretary to Her Majesty, who waited by to receive 
them : — 

Record of the Queen^s State Visit to Derby. 81 

The address from the Borough Magistrates was presented by Mr. Bailey, J.P. : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty, — 

We, the Justices of the Peace for the Borough of Derby, beg to oflfer to your Majesty the 
expression of our deep loyalty and devotion on the occasion of your visit to this ancient and 
loyal town. 

In common with all the inhabitants of the town and county of Derby, we gratefully 
recognise in the act which your Majesty graciously performs to-day at the Oounty Hospital 
an instance of that personal interest in all that concerns the health and well-being of your 
people which has ever distinguished your Majesty's beneficent reign. 

We thankfully acknowledge the many great blessings and privileges which, through 
Divine Providence, have been secured to this nation during your Majesty's reign, and we 
pray that your rule over the Empire may be long continued. 

With every feeling of profound fealty and attachment to your throne and person. 

We are. 
Your Majesty's loyal and devoted subjects and servants, 


A. Seals Haslam, Mayor. 
W. Habvby Whiston, Clerk. John Bailet, J.P. 

The address was on a scroll of vellum, with a medisdval border, in which were introduced 
the arms of the borough of Derby, and the monogram " Y.R.I.,*' mounted on scarlet silk 
with white fringe, the whole executed by Messrs. Bemrose and Sons. 


The address of the Derbyshire County Council was presented by Sir Francis Burdett, 
Bart., as the representative of Sir William Evans, Bart., the chairman. It was as follows : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty, — 

We, the Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Aldermen and Councillors of the Council of Derby- 
shire, humbly tender to your Majesty our grateful thanks for having so graciously acceded to 
the request that your Majesty would lay the foundation-stone of the Derbyshire New General 

We beg to assure your Majesty that we deeply feel the honour that your visit will 
confer on us, and on all classes of the inhabitants of our county ; and we are very sensible 
of the benefits which the Infirmary will derive from your Majesty's gracious presence and 

We are also thankful that an opportunity is afforded to us — a newly constituted County 
Authority— of tendering to your Majesty these expressions of welcome to our county, and 
our profound loyalty to your Majesty's person. And we further earnestly pray that your 
Majesty may be long spared to reign over our country. 

We are with deepest veneration your Majesty's loyal subjects and faithful servants. 

By order of the Council, 

(Signed) T. W. Evans, Chairman. 

W. Heathootb, Councillor. 
N. J. HuaBBs-HALLETT, Deputy-Olerk. 

82 Record of the Queen*8 State Visit to Derby, 

This address was on a scroll of vellam, executed by Messrs. Bemrose and Sons. The 
ornamentation was very chaste and appropriate, consisting of a border, with the rose, sham- 
rock, and thistle treated conventionally. At the comers, on shields, were the arms of 
England, Ireland, and Scotland, the two centre ornaments at the sides being the monogram, 
D.C.C. (Derbyshire County Council), and the seal of the Council. The scroll was draped in 
rich blue silk, with a white silk fringe and tassels, the whole enclosed in a casket covered 
with blue morocco, neatly finished in gold. 


Sir Francis Burdett, Bart., next presented the following address from the County 
Magistrates : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 

We, your Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the County of Derby, present our humble 
duty to your Majesty. 

We tender to your Majesty our grateful thanks for having so graciously acceded to 
the request that your Majesty would lay the foundation-stone of the Derbyshire New 
General Infirmary. 

We assure your Majesty that we deeply feel the honour that your visit will confer on 
us and on all classes of your Majesty's subjects in our county ; and we are very sensible 
of the benefit which the Infirmary will derive from your Majesty's gracious presence 
and support. 

We are also thankful that an opportunity is afforded to us of tendering to your Majesty 
these expressions of welcome to our county, and our profound loyalty to your Majesty's 
person. And we further earnestly pray that your Majesty may be long spared to reign 
over our country. 

We are, with deepest veneration, your Majesty's loyal subjects and faithful servants. 

On behalf of the Justices of the Peace in the County of Derby. 

T. W. Evans, Chairman. 

The address was a very elegant scroll of vellum, backed by red silk and gold fringe. The 
border was designed in fifteenth century Spanish style, the scroll fitted into a red morocco 
case of good design by Messrs. Bemrose and Sons. 


Mr. W. Harvey Whiston, accompanied by Mr. P. B. Chadfield, presented the address 
of the Derby Board of Guardians : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty, — 

We, your Majesty's most faithful and loyal subjects, the Guardians of the Poor of the 
Derby Union, desire to approach your Majesty on the auspicious and happy occasion of your 
Majesty's visit to this ancient Borough, and to express our feelings of. unbounded loyalty to 
the throne, and of warm attachment to your Majesty's person. We are encouraged to do 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 88 

this, knowing what a deep interest your Majesty always takes in the weLhre of even the 
poorest of your subjects, and feeling sure that your Majesty will be gratified to hear that not 
only are the destitute poor well cared for in the Derby Union, but that there is also a 
spacious and well-appointed Infirmary attached to the Union, where a large number of sick 
poor receive every comfort and attention. 

We desire to accord your Majesty a most dutiful and loyal welcome on this your visit to 
Derby, and to express the joy and pleasure which your Majesty's visit has created in this 
loyal Borough. 

We pray that it may please Almighty God to spare your Majesty long to reign over us, 
and to continue to encourage us all by the noble example of your own life, to pei$orm every 
man his duty to his Queen and country humanely and faithfully. 

We are, your Majesty's most dutiful subjects. 

Oiven under the common seal of the Guardians of the Poor of the Derby Union, this 
2l8t day of May, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-one. 

Edwabd Henbt Abnet, Chairman. 
Pmup B. Ghadfield, Clerk. 

The address was on a scroll of vellum, lined with blue and white silk. The design 
consisted of a vignette of the proposed new Poor Law Offices and illuminated floral border, 
the whole, enclosed in a round morocco case, being executed by Messrs. Bemrose and Sons. 


Mr. W. Turner Shaw, J.P., who was accompanied by Mr. William Cooper, presented the 
address from the Derby School Board : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty, — 

We, your Majesty's most faithful subjects, the members of the Derby School Board, 
desire to approach your Majesty with the expression of our sincere and dutiful respect and 
gratitude on the occasion of the welcome visit of your Majesty to our ancient Borough. 

We would humbly venture to remind your Majesty that the great work of the education 
of the rising generation, in which we are engaged, has, during your Majesty's benignant 
reign, greatly advanced and prospered ; and we, with all your f&ithful and loyal subjects, do 
not cease to remember the great and loving interest always manifested by your Most Gracious 
Majesty, and also by His late lamented Boyal Highness the Prince Consort, not only in regard 
to the education of the young, but in everything tending to the enlightenment of the people 
of these realms. 

Earnestly desiring for your Majesty, and all the members of your Boyal House, continued 
life and happiness. 

We are, may it please your Majesty, 

Your most loyal and dutiful subjects. 

Signed on behalf of The Derby School Board, 

Wm. Tubner Shaw, 
Wm. Goopbb, Chairman. 

Clerk to the Board. 


84 Record of the QueerCs State Visit to Derby. 

The address was in book shape, elegantly bound in blue morocco, the tooled portion being 
specially cut from Hindu-Persian designs. The address was profusely illustrated with care- 
fully executed water colour vignettes of Gerard Street Higher Grade, Ashbourne Boad, 
St. James's Boad, and Traffic Street Schools, with eight smaller vignettes. The illuminated 
borders were floral, with suitable roval and scholastic emblems introduced. The volume was 
enclosed in a blue morocco ca.sket. The whole of this elegant production was executed by 
Messrs. Bemrose and Sons. 


The Bishop of Derby (Dr. Were) and the Bev. Canon Knight presented the address from 
the clergy of Derby, the text of which was as follows : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty, — 

We, your Majesty's most faithful subjects, the Clergy of the Deanery of Derby, beg leave 
to approach your Majesty with feelings of deep loyalty to your person, and profound attach- 
ment to your throne. 

We desire to express our gratitude to Almighty God that He has secured to the English 
people, by the long duration of your Majesty's reign, those blessings which naturally spring 
from the continuance of good and wise government. 

Chief among these blessings we venture to account the high example of social and 
domestic life which your Majesty has ever set before your people ; an example which, we are 
convinced, has liad an elevating and purifying influence upon the tone of English society. 

Nor would we, especially on this occasion, omit to mention with peculiar gratitude the 
unvarying interest which your Majesty has shown in every effort for ameliorating the distress 
and elevating the intelligence of the poorer classes in thi^ land. To the interest and to the 
wise counsels, both of your Majesty and of your ever-lamented Consort, we can without hesita- 
tion attribute a large share in that great outgrowth of manifold agencies for the exercise of 
philanthropy and the increase of intellectual culture which is so striking a feature of your 
Majesty's reign. 

We cannot help noticing the immense increase which has taken place during your 
Majesty's reign in the population of the country, and especially of the towns. We are pro- 
foundly conscious how great a responsibility is laid upon the clergy of the Church of England, 
and upon all who have the moral and spiritual welfare of the people at heart, to spread the 
principles of the Christian faith among rich and poor alike. 

With the fervent prayer that your Majesty may yet long be spared to reign over a godly 
and contented people, we beg leave to subscribe ourselves, with fervent sentiments of loyalty 
and devotion. 

Your Majesty's most dutiful subjects. 

Signed on behalf of the Clergy of the Deanery, 

E. A. Derby, 
Bishop Suffragan and Bural Dean. 

The address was a very neat scroll, draped with pale blue cloth, executed by Messrs. 


Bemrose and Sons. 

Reeord of the Qtieen's State Visit to Derby, 36 


Dr. Ogle, Senior Physician of the Infirmary, next handed to Her Majesty's representative 
the following address from the medical profession of Derby : — 

To Her Most Gracious Majesty Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland. 

^Ve, the undersigned members of the Medical Profession in Derby, desire most respect- 
fully to approach your Majesty and to tender to you our grateful thanks for this your most 
considerate act of regard for the welfare of the sick poor by. coming to lay the foundation 
stone of a new hospital for this town and county. 

That your life of unceasing sympathy with all who are in trouble may long be spared, 
and that you may be granted the blessing of health and strength to rule over a loyal and 
united people is our constant and earnest prayer. 

J. Wright Baker, William Ogle, John W. Leacroft, William Legge, F. Borough, 
Walter G. Copestake, Frank Iliffe, William Grafton Curgenven, C. A. 
Greaves, Alfred 0. Francis, T. Laurie Gentles, Henry F. Foulds, 
W. Iliffe, J. A. Sharp, Edmund Vaudrey, E. Collier Green, F. Cassidi, 
Robert La^urie, «R. W. Gentles, J. Lister Wright, George Rice, Henry 
Barrett, H, B. S. Curll, S. Rutherford Macphail, Josiah C. Castor, 
C. B. Dalton, Thomas Highton, W. Patterton, J. H. Hodson, R. M. Wilson, 
G. R. Sims, T. Henderson Pounds, Frederick L. Moore, W. Bent hall, 
A. Bell, George D. Moon, C. H. Hough, William Henry Wright, J. Acton 
Southern, Chas. W. Fletcher. 

The address, executed by Messrs, Bemrose and Sons, was on a scroll of vellum, with a 
border of forget-me-nots and jessamine. 


The Rev. I. Dorricott (Primitive Methodist ikiinister), presented the address on behalf of 
the Nonconformist Ministers of Derby. It was as fbUows : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty, — • 

We, the Ministers of the various Nonconformist Churches of Derby, gladly avail our- 
selves of your Majesty's visit to our town to declare to your Majesty our humble and hearty 

We rejoice in your Majesty's prosperous and beneficent reign of 64 years, in the 
blessings of peace, the increase of commerce, the growth of freedom, and the spread of 
religion, which your Majesty's great Empire has enjoyed. 

We acknowledge with much gratitude the ready aid and encouragement your Majesty 
has ever given to works of philanthropy and mercy. And we pray that it may please 
Almighty God to spare your Majesty long to reign over a loyal, free, and happy people. 

And we beg to subscribe ourselves. 

Your Most Gracious Majesty's Dutiful Subjects: — 

Revs. W. T. Adcock, S. Antliff, D.D. ; S. A. Barron, J. Birks, F.G.S. ; 
Isaac Dorricott, F. Elton, P. Gibbon, W. F. Harris, F. E. Heafe, 
George Hepplewhite, W. Hill, T. W. Hodgson, A. L. Humphries, B.A. ; 
G. HuNswoRTH, M.A. ; F. Jones, A. Llewellyn, D. Macdonald, M.A., B.D. ; 
W. Marwood, a. Mills, G. Pagett, F. Platt, R. Robinson, T. Stringer, 
A. Underwood, W. Unsworth, T. Wilkes, W. Willans, J. P. Williams. 

86 Becord of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

This address, which was in scroll form, had a blue silk back, and was trimmed with white 
silk fringe, in case. It contained a mediseval heading, with capitals set in gold tablets, which 
gave it a very effective appearance. The body part was engrossed, and was followed by 
twenty-eight signatures. The side-piece was composed of conventional flower ornaments, 
which looked remarkably pretty and tasteful. It was executed at Messrs. Carter's, and was 
the work of Mr. J. B. Eley, of Franchise Street. 


The address from the Derby and Derbyshire Nursing Institution, presented by 
Mr. Rowland Smith, J.P., read as follows : — 

To Her Gracious Majesty Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland. 

The Nurses of the Derby and Derbyshire Nursing Association, 61 in number, mindful 
of your Majesty's great interest in the work to which their lives are devoted, most respect- 
fully desire to express their deep sense of indebtedness to your Majesty for the encouragement 
that you have in so many ways given to them in their^ arduous and responsible duties. 
Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales on the occasion of her visit to Derby became our 
Patroness, and it is our humble petition that a similar token of flavour may now be granted 
to our Institution by your Majesty. 

(Signed) Rowland Smith, President. 

Alice Woodhead, Lady Superintendent. 

William Ogle, Hon. Secretary. 

The address was on a scroll of vellum, lined with crimson silk and gold fringe, neatly 
illuminated and enclosed in a crimson leather case. It was the production of Messrs. 
Bemrose and Sons. 


The Rev. W. M. Fumeaux presented the following address from Repton School : — 

To Her Most Excellent Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland. 

May it please your Majesty, — 

We, the Masters and Boys of the Ancient School of Repton, once the capital of the 
Kingdom of Mercia, humbly beg that we may be allowed to offer the loyal expression of our 
devotion to your Majesty's person and throne on the happy occasion of your Majesty's visit 
to the borough of Derby. 

And we earnestly pray that it may please God to spare your Majesty's life for many years 
to come, that your beneficent reign, which has been marked by such wonderful material 
progress, and by such manifold blessings to the people of England, may also be remembered 
as the longest in the annals of English history. 

Signed, on behalf of the Masters, 

W. M. FuRNEAUx, M.A., Oxon, 


Signed, on behalf of the Boys, 


M. C. C. Seton, 

Head of the School. 

Record of the Queen'e State Vidt to Derby. 87 

The address was on a scroll of vellum, backed by purple silk and gold fringe, with 
medisBval border, in which were worked four views of Bepton School, church arch, etc., 
enclosed in a neat leather case, the whole being the production of Messrs. Bemrose and 


The address from Derby School was presented by the Head Master, Mr. J. Stemdale 
Bennett, who was accompanied by Mr. C. E. Heath, the senior praepositor. 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty, Most Gracious Sovereign, — 

We, the Governors, Masters, and Scholars of Derby School, desire this day, in common 
with all other dutiful and loyal subjects belonging to this town and county, humbly to express 
our devotion, affection, and zealous attachment to your Boyal Person, and to join in the 
general expression of gratitude for the great honour now paid by your Majesty to this town, 
of which our school id one of the most ancient institutions. 

That we should approach your Majesty on this day of all others is an auspicious omen 
for our future prosperity. It was on this day, 887 years ago, that the Charter was signed by 
your Boyal Predecessor Queen Mary, reconstituting and providing in perpetuity for the old 
school which has alone perhaps of all other English schools rung its Curfew Bell since the 
time of the Normans. Founded A.D. 1160, in the reign of Henry II., by that great Prelate, 
Walter Durdant, Bishop of Lichfield, it has for centuries educated the sons of Your Majesty's 
loyal subjects of Derby and Derbyshire. Within its walls was educated John Flamstead, the 
first Astronomer-Boyal, at whose suggestion and under whose* direction Your Majesty's 
Boyal Observatory at Greenwich was first erected. The name of Flamstead is but one from 
the long list of distinguished alumni who up to the present time have continued to do honour 
to their school and to the town of Derby. 

The School, for want of sufficient endowment, languished during the first half of the 
present century, but during the last 25 years has regained its position among the leading 
schools of the country. 

Twice during that period has it been considered worthy of the high honour of a visit 
from members of Your Majesty's august fftmily. 

In 1872 their Boyal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Waleij visited the School and 
distributed the prizes, and 12 years later His Boyal Highness again came to inspect the new 
building raised to commemorate the honour paid to the School by the former visit of their 
Boyal Highnesses. 

God grant that the presence of your Majesty on this anniversary (remarkable to us as the 
day on which a former Queen of England gave by her signature new life to Derby School) 
may mark the beginning of a new era of prosperity and usefulness for this ancient foundation, 
and that in years to come your Majesty's royal favour now shown may be reverenced and 
jealously guarded by Derby boys as their most cherished tradition, encouraging them to noble 
thoughts and deeds as worthy citizens of that great Empire over which your Majesty so 
gloriously reigns. 

Given under the seal, &c. T. W. Evans. 

J. Stbbndale Bennett, 

Head Master. 
Thoicas Lionel Chad wick. 

Captain of the School. 

The address was contained in a banner scroll, the words of it being written on vellum in 

engrossed style, with title and illuminated capitals, with the arms of the school at the head, 

and their mottoes. The arms were quarterly, 1st and 4th, borough arms, a stag lodged ; 2nd 

and 8rd, See of Lichfield, with a bishop's mitre for crest ; motto : LUeria mors est vita 

88 Record of the Queen's State Vigit to Derby. 


hominis nine, also Jifgia Schola Derhiensis — which latter is simply the Latin designation of the 
school. The scroll was surrounded by scrolled borders, and a central device of Boyal Arms, and 
floral emblems on the right side. It presented a very handsome appearance, being upholstered 
in striped silk, with fringes and bands of the school colours, presenting a quite unique appear- 
ance, and was further enclosed in a case of the before-mentioned colours, stamped with the 
arms of the school, and signed by the Chairman of the Governors and the Head Master and 
Captain of the school. It was very tastefully designed and illuminated by Mr. George Bailey 
of Derby. 


The Rev. W. H. Isaacs and Mr. C. B. 0. Symons, the senior prefect of the school, 
presented the following address from Trent College : — 

To Her Most Gracious Majesty Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland. 

We, the Masters and Boys of Trent College, established in the year 1866 on the 
principles of the Protestant and Reformed Church of England, desire to w^come your Majesty 
on the occasion of your Majesty's visit to the town of Derby. 

It is our earnest prayer that as supreme Head of Church and State, your Majesty may live 
long to rule over a happy and united people, and that from the public schools of this country 
there may continue to spring forth year by year a harvest of young Englishmen ready to 
acknowledge as the gift of Almighty God the blessing of freedom — apolitical, moral, and 
religious, which they enjoy, and to defend that freedom by their service, unselfish and untiring ; 
by their obedience, faithful and intelligent ; and by humble and uncompromising loyalty, to 
your Majesty, and to that religion, the religion of progress and enlightenment, of simple faith 
in God's Holy Word and God's Holy Spirit, of which your Majesty is the acknowledged 

The address consisted of a scroll of vellum, mounted on crimson silk with white fringe. 

The border of acorns, with a vignette of Trent College introduced, was delicately painted. It 

was executed by Messrs. Bemrose and Sons. 


Mr. H. C. Okeover, J.P., D.P.G.M., and Mr. W. Naylor, P.G.S., next handed in the 

address from the members of the Derbyshire Provincial Grand Lodge of Freemasons. It 

was as follows : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 
May it please your Majesty, — 

We, the members of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Freemasons in Derbyshire, humbly 
desire to approach your Majesty, and to assure you of our loyal attachment to your throne 
and person. 

The object of your Majesty's visit to this town is one in which we take a deep interest ; 
the cause of charity being at all times one of the leading principles of our order. 

We rejoice that your Majesty, as Grand Patroness of the Royal Masonic Institution for 
Girls, and also of the Royal Masonic Institution for Boys, is directly connected with our 
fraternity, and we earnestly pray that your Majesty may be long spared to rule over a loyal 
and united people. 

Given under the seal of the Provincial Grand Lodge. 

(Signed) Hartington, P.G.M. 

H. C. Okeover, D.P.G.M. 
14th May, 1891. Wm. Naylob, P.G. Seo. 

Redord of the Queen* s State Vint to Derby, 89 

The address was on a scroll of vellum, lined with blue silk and gold fringe. The border 
was mediseval in charaoter, and in it were introduced the masonic emblems and county arms. 
The scroll was enclosed in an elegant leather casket with masonic emblems worked in gold 
outside, the whole being the work of Messrs. Bemrose and Sons. 


The address from the United Temperance Societies was presented by Mr. W. Hall 
and the Bev. J. H. Askwith : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty, — 

We, the undersigned members and workers connected with temperance organizations in 
Derby and the district, desire to express to your Majesty, on this auspicious occasion, our 
sincere devotion and loyalty to your person and your throne. 

The object of your visit to the town of Derby, to lay the foundation-stone of our new 
Infirmary, is of itself another proof of the great interest your Majesty has always taken in 
matters affecting the poorer classes in the land, and we recognise with profound thankfulness 
the manifold proofs of the social advancement and higher intelligence of the people, which 
are largely attributed to the benign influence of your Majesty's personal example and 
beneficent reign. 

The gracious patronage extended by your Majesty to the Church of England Temperance 
Society, t^ are convinced, has done much to advance the cause of temperance, which also 
derived much benefit from the public utterances of the ever-lamented Prince Leopold, and it 
is our pleasure to inform you of the great progress which is being made in this and the 
surrounding districts, where young and old are being taught and trained in the principles of 
sobriety and virtue, which are so essential to the material prosperity and social and moral 
welfare of your people. 

We trust that the life of your Majesty may long be spared, and that the remaining years 
of your long and successful reign may be rendered happy and enjoyable by the continued 
loyalty and unswerving devotion of all your subjects, and the peaceable relations existing 
with other nations. » 

We are your Majesty's loyal and devoted subjects and servants. 

Signed on behalf of the United Temperance Societies — 

Derby Temperance Society : 
WiLUAM Hall, President. 

Maby Bodem, President of the Women's Auxiliary. 
Geobge SmBEs, Secretary. 

Church of England Temperance Society : 
Geobqe Southwell, President. 
R J. Knight, Chairman of Committee. 
Elizabeth Okeoveb, President of the Women's Union. 

Derby and Derbyshire Band of Hope Union : 
John Wills, President. 
J. W. AvEBY, Secretary. 
Ll. M. Cooke, Agent. 

This address, the work of Mr. J. B. Eley, of Franchise Street, had an Old English 
heading with side panel, representing the county emblem (rose), and had been very 
nicely executed. In the centre of the side panel were the borough arms, surrounded 

40 Record of the Queen's State Vidt to Derby. 

by the conventional roses ; while the bodj of the address itself was engrossed. It was backed 
with old gold silk and fringe to match, and showed up very neat and effective. The case 
itself was of calf. 


The address from the Chamber of Commerce was presented by Mr. H. M. Holmes, the 

President, and Mr. G. Bottomley, J.P, : — 

To Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria. 
May it please your Majesty, — 

We, the Members of the Derby Chamber of Commerce, humbly desire, on the happy 
occasion of your Majesty's visit to this borough, to express our heartfelt loyalty and devotion 
to your Majesty's person and throne, and our appreciation of the honour you have done the 
town by consenting to perform the initial ceremony in the erection of a new Infirmary. 

As representatives of the various branches of trade and commerce in Derby, we beg to 
reeall the &ct that during your Majesty's auspicious reign the population has trebled, and the 
wealth and prosperity of the inhabitants have proportionately increased under that happy 
union of individual freedom and legal authority which has peculiarly distinguished the long 
period of your Majesty's wise and beneficent rule. 

We earnestly pray that your Majesty may long continue to reign over a prosperous and 
united people, and may by the blessing of Almighty God be spared to witness a further 
advancement in that material, moral, and intellectual progress which will ever be associated 
with your name. 

Signed on behalf of the Derby Chamber of Commerce, this 21st day of May, 1891. 

Herbert M. Holmes, President. 
Alfred Seale Haslam, Vice-President. 

The address was on a scroll of vellum, with richly illuminated border, in which wlere 
introduced a view of the Old Silk Mill at Derby, specimens of Derby Royal Crown China, 
a Locomotive Engine, and several Mining Instruments. The whole, enclosed in a suitable 
morocco case, was the work of Messrs. Bemrose and Sons. 


The following address from the Derby Friendly Societies was presented by Mr. John 

Cook and Mr. Henry Mee : — 

To Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen. 
May it please your Majesty, — 

We, the representatives of the Friendly Societies in the borough, beg to approach your 
Majesty with the most profound respect for your throne and person. 

We hail with the utmost pleasure and interest your visit to Derby, on an occasion of 
such supreme importance to the industrial population of the town and county as the laying of 
the foundation-stone of the building of one of our noblest institutions, which confers such 
great benefits on the class to which we belong. 

Our societies especially appreciate your Majesty's gracious purpose in being here to-day, 
inasmuch as it is in entire consonance with the work in which we are engaged, namely, by 
mutual association to relieve distress, aid the sick, to comfort the mourner, and to promote 
habits of thrift and forethought. 

We remember with pride and gratitude the foresight and noble efforts of the late Prince 
Consort in regard to works of beneficence and humanity, and the well-being of the industrial 
classes and the poor. 

Record of ths Qwm*» State' Visit to Derby. 41 

We deem it to be one of the glories of your Majesty's reigo that the spirit whioh 
prompts to such objects has so largely grown in this Kingdom and resulted in conferring 
incalculable benefits on your Majesty's subjects. 

Praying that your Majesty may long be spared to reign in peace and happiness over a 
contented and prosperous people, 

We remain, your Majesty's humble servants, 

John Cook, D.C.R., Ancient Order of Foresters. 
William Woodwabd, P.G.M., Order of Druids. 
John Verb, P.Q.M., Independent Order of Odd Fellows (Man- 
chester Unity). 
Daniel De Soiza, P.D.G.M., Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

(London Unity). 
H. C. Woodward, Order of Loyal Caledonians. 
E. A. Arnold, P.G.M., Grand United Order of Odd Fellows. 
Henry Mee, G.C S., Derby Midland United Order of Odd Fellows. 

This address was in book form, and was executed by Messrs. Bemrose and Sons. Each page 

was adorned by a floral border, delicately painted on vellum. At the end were the emblems, 

painted in miniature, of the various societies, in the following order : — Ancient Order of 

Foresters, John Cook, D.C B. ; Order of Druids, WiUiam Woodward, P.G.M. ; Independent 

Order of Odd Fellows, John Vere, Prov. G.M. (Manchester Unity) ; Independent Order of 

Odd Fellows, Daniel de Soiza, P.D.G.M. (London Unity) ; Order of Loyal Caledonians, H. C. 

Woodward ; Grand United Order of Odd Fellows, E. A. Arnold, P. CM. ; Derby Midland 

United Order of Odd Fellows, Henry Mee, G.C.S. The binding was of maroon morocco, 

delicately tooled, the designs being taken from books bound temp, Elizabeth. 


Mr. Thomas Newton and Mr. Benjamin Toft next presented an address from the 

Teachers of the Elementary Schools, which was as foUows : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 
May it please your Majesty, — 

On behalf of the Teachers of the Derby and District Association of Teachers, we humbly 
desire to offer your Most Gracious and Imperial Majesty our sincere and hearty thanks for 
your condescension in honouring the inhabitants of this ancient borough with your royal 

We cannot fail to appreciate deeply the great kindness of heart which has influenced you 
to pay this visit in the interest and for the benefit of the poorer and more unfortunate of your 
Majesty's subjects, nor can we doubt but that your gracious act this day will deepen and 
strengthen the affectionate regard and devotion of your subjects generally, and will further 
bind you to their hearts as the " Mother of your people." 

We would desire to offer to your Majesty our felicitations upon the surpassing brilliance 
of your reign, during which strides so marvellous have been taken in science, the arts, 
commerce, and universal progress. 

Your Majesty must contemplate with pleasure and satisfaction the great progress that 
education has made under your rule and governance, and especially the education of those 
wh<> earn their bread by manual labour. It is our high privilege to bear our part of this 
work ; and we beg to assure your Majesty that, as it has been in the past, so in the future it 
shall be our aim and earnest endeavour, as far as in us lies, to train up a God-fearing, loyal, 
and devoted people. We are, 

Your Majesty's most loyal and devoted subjects, 

TnoBiAS Nkwton, 
Bbnjamin Toft, Secretary. President of the Derby and District Teachers' Association. 

42 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

The ceremony of presenting addresses concluded, the children sang two verses of " Auld 
Lang Syne/' again accompanied by the band of the Grenadier Guards, and as soon as this 
was over the Boyal procession left the square in the same order as it entered, amidst the 
enthusiastic cheers of the immense assembly, and these were continued as it made its 
way round the Market Place; along St. James' Street, the Strand, the Wardwick, and 
Victoria Street, the crowd giving Her Majesty a hearty welcome. After the Boyal procession 
had passed the top of Victoria Street, the crowd broke through the barriers, but were kept 
back by the police and soldiers. Along St. Peter's Street and the London Road, the crowd, 
on seeing the Queen a second time, did not fail to cheer heartily, and up to the Infirmary 
gates, where the children sang sweetly. Her Majesty frequently and gracefully bowed her 


At the Infirmary site, where spectators began to assemble before three o'clock, the 
tedium of waiting was relieved very pleasantly by the excellent performance of a selection 
of music by the band of the 1st Battalion of the Derbyshire Begiment (the 45th) from 
Plymouth, which was stationed upon a platfoim situated under a spreading birch tree, and 
further sheltered from untoward elements by a canvas awning. A constant stream of visitors 
continued to arrive, admission to the grounds being at the entrance in Osmaston Boad. The 
spacious tent enclosing the foundation-stone was guarded by a detachment of the Metro- 
politan police, under the charge of Chief Inspector Wren, of the A Division, and Inspector 
Sbannon, G Division. These were stationed round the tent and in the enclosure, and did good 
service in directing the spectators to their allotted places. An incident of interest was the 
arrival, about 8.80, of the guard of honour, consisting of two companies of the Cheshire 
Begiment, which, bearing its colours, was formed up in line in front of the entrance to the 
tent. These gallant fallows, it was observed, bore in their helmets sprigs of oak leaves, in 
commemoration of the battle of Dettingen, in which the regiment bore an active part. As 
time passed on, the school children began to arrive, trooping down the paths leading to their 
prescribed seats in regular order, and exciting a good deal of interest. Some of them were 
made to utilise the time by singing, presumably by way of practice, the National Anthem ; 
and the youngsters were further put through their paces in the matter of cheering, a call to 
which they responded with shrill alacrity and unanimity. All this time the seats in the 
grounds facing the London Boad were filling up, and when, about 4.80, the squadron of the 
6th Dragoon Guards passed at a smart trot on their way to the Station to meet the Queen, 
there lacked not a considerable body of spectators upon whom the erect and martial bearing 
of the detachment made its due impression. To the spectators in the street, wedged tightly 
in as they now were between the barriers, the passing of the Dragoons was a positive godsend. 
It aroused the spirits which persistent dull and damp weather had caused to flag ; and the 
genius of the crowd being thus set in motion, any trivial incident which subsequently 
happened was greeted with an outburst of merriment, altogether in disproportion to its 

Record of the Queen's State ViMt to Derby, 48 

importance. When, however, incidents that lend themselves to humorous suggestion do not 
of themselves arise, it perhaps is necessary to invent them. Rapturous applause, for 
example, was caused, when at five o'clock the outriders, clad in their scarlet coats, hove 
in sight on their way to the railway station, followed by a couple of carriages, and the 
excitement rose to fever heat on the appearance, shortly afterwards, of the corporate 
procession, which was considerate enough to pass at a walking pace. 

At 5^.15 a corps of the 2ud Volunteer Battalion of the Derbyshire Regiment was marched 
up and deployed into the Infirmary grounds, lining the route of the Queen's approach, but 
this evolution seemed to be akin to the feuaious and traditionary exploit of the Duke of York, 
for very shortly afterwards the men were marched out again, and became, so- far as the 
Infirmary spectators were concerned, '* lost to sight," though, doubtless, '* to memory dear." 

The return of the corporate cavalcade from the station about a quarter to six, was 
hailed gladly as tangible evidence that now the Queen would very shortly pass on her way to 
the Town Hall. The hope was well founded. Shortly before six o'clock the heralding 
members of the Dragoon Guards came up on their horses, which, at the sound of. the 
tumultuous cheering that broke from the Infirmary grounds, curvetted and pranced in 
surprise. The first half of the troops quickly followed, and then the Royal carriage came 
en pfeine vue, ** There she is," was the cry that went up from a few of the spectators whose 
activity had led them to the ascent of poles, gate posts, tree branches, and other excellent 
but physically inconvenient points of vantage ; and straightway the cheering brolce out again 
with fresh vociferousness. Her Majesty, despite a slight sprinkling of rain, did not find it 
necessary to use an umbrella, a fact very much to the satisfaction, of course, of the whole 
assembly. The Princess Beatrice was at once recognised, but the identity of Prince Henry 
of Battenberg was largely a matter of inference, since His Royal Highness, wearing a full 
beard and looking older and more bronzed, is very different in appearance from the 
photographs through which he was first made feuniliar to the public. 

The rear guard of Dragoons having passed, a general move on the part of those duly 
qualified by ticket was made to the large Pavilion, within which the foundation-stone was 
enclosed. Up to that moment it had remained practically deserted, but speedily the throng 
of visitors besieging the entrances served to fill the seats to their full capacity. The nurses 
of the institution were here rightfully accorded the place of honour, and to the number of 
about a score occupied the front seats, attired in their ordinary uniform of light mauve 
dresses with white caps and aprons, with the addition of a hooded cloak of rough woollen 
material, of an agreeable shade of terra-cotta. The gathering within the Pavilion included many 
persons of distinction in the town and county of Derby, as well as a number of visitors from 
neighbouring counties. ' Amongst those present were : — The Right Hon. Lord Scarsdale, the 
Right Hon. the Earl of Harrington, the Hon. W. M. Jervis, the Hon. F. Strutt, Sir Francis 
Burdett, Bart., Sir John and Lady Smith, the Hon. Lady Walker, the Hon. Mrs. Newdigate, 
Sir Wm. Harcourt, M.P., Mr. Alderman Roe, M.P., Mr. Walter Evans, J.P., Mr. G. Herbert 
iitrutt, J.P., Mr. H. Boden, J.P., Mr. J. B. E. Blackwall, J.P., Lieut. -General Thomson, J.P., 
Mr. Rowland Smith, J.P., Mr. R. W. M. Nesfield, J.P., Mr. N. C. Ourzon, J.P., 

44 Record of the Que&n'a State Vitit to Derby. 

Mr. W. Cox, J*P. (BraUsford). Mr. G. P. MeyneU, J.P., Mr. A. P. Heywood, J.P., 
Mr. H. J. Wood, J.P., Mr. G. M. Dixon, J.P., Mr. F. C. Arkwright, J.P., Mr. E. S. 
Milnes, J.P., Mr. W. T. E. Cox, J.P., Mr. P. W. Bftgshawe, J.P., Mr. J. Bhaw, J.P., 
Mr. T. 0. Parmer, J.P., Mr. T. P. Copestake, J.P., Mr. H. Swingler, J.P., Mr. J. H. 
Gascoyne, J.P., Mr. J. Williams, J.P., Mr. Alderman Higginbottom, J.P., Col. Buchanan, J.P., 
Mr. Bailey, J.P., Mr. Alderman Bemrose, J.P., Mr. Alderman Hobson, J.P., Mr. Alderman 
Bowter, J.P., Mr. Alderman Woodiwiss, J.P., Mr. J. Wright Baker, J.P., Mr. W.Turpie, J.P., 
Mr, Lewis Harcoort, Mr. H. P. Gadsby (Town Clerk of Derby), Mr. W. Harvey Whiston (Clerk 
to the Borough Magistrates), the Mayor of Lincoln (Mr. E. Pratt), the Mayor of Ilkeston 
(Mr. Alderman Tatham), the Mayor of Leicester (Mr. Alderman Eempson), the Mayor of 
Burton-on-Trent (Mr. B. Wilkinson), Col. John Evans, Mr. Henry Evans, Mr. H. Sands 
(Mayor of Nottingham), the Yen. Archdeacon of Derby (Dr. Preer), the Bev. Canon Knight, 
the Bev. Canon Hamilton (Doveridge), the Bev. Canon Olivier, the Bev. A. H. Prior, the 
Bev, B. Fawkes (Spondon), Mr. P. W. Cox, Bev. Harcourt Anson (Littleover), 
Bev* W. Martin, Bev. C. Boden (Morley), Bev. H. Price (Normanton), Bev. P. J. Adams, 
Bev. W. Chandos-Pole (Badbonrne), Bev. G. H. Sing, Bev. E. Hacking, Bev. P. Utterson, 
Bev. P. Hoare, Bev. J. S. Holden (Aston), Bev. C. E. Crellin, Dr. Ogle, Dr. Curgenven, 
Dr. Greaves, Dr. Collier Green, Dr. Southern, Dr. Benthall, Dr. J. A. Sharpe, Dr. O'Callaghan, 
Dr. Hough, Mr. Evans Broad, Mr. J. P. Thirlby, Major Holmes, Mr. George Wheeldon, 
Mr. Bobotham, Mr. Blows Bobotham, Mr. Burbidge-Hambly, Mr. A. B. Hamilton, 
Mr. G. Sutherland, Mr. J. C. Barnes, Mr. J. Walker, Mr. B. Slater, Surgeon-Major Gentles, 
Colonel Pedder, Mr. P. Ball, Mr. Arthur Longdon, Mr. H. Monkhouse, Mr. Humphreys, 
Mr. Arthur Cox, Mr. W. Legge, Mr. N. J. Hughes-HaUett, Mr. W. B. Holland (Ashbourne), 
Mr. Councillor P. E. Leech, Captain Beid (Secretary to the Infirmary Building Committee), 
Mr. P. L. Sowter (Secretary to the Infirmary), Mr. Councillor J. Hill, Mr. Alderman Waite 
(Duffield), Mr. Alderman Hart (Leicester), Mr. H. J. Bell, Mr. W. Peat, Mr. A. Smith, 
Mr. W. Goudie, Mr. W. Johnson, Mr. Councillor T. L. Biley, etc., besides which there was 
a large attendance of ladies. 

At twenty minutes to seven a fanfare of trumpets, followed by the National Anthem, 
announced to the expectant throng that Her Majesty's arrival was imminent. All rose to 
their feet, and in a few moments the stalwart form of Lord Lathom was descried ushering 
Her Majesty from the reception-room to the platform. The Queen walked easily with the 
aid of a stick, and accompanied by the Princess Beatrice and Prince Henry of Battenberg, 
passed to the seat which had been provided behind the foundation-stone. Her Majesty, who 
looked exceedingly well, was attired as usual in black, with the sole relief of some coloured 
flowers upon the summit of her bonnet. A number of privileged persons took up their 
positions, standing behind and on each side of Her Majesty. 

Amongst these were the High Sheriff of Derbyshire (Mr. E. M. Mundy), the Under 
Sheriff (Mr. A. Grimwood Taylor), the Sheriff's Chaplain (the Bev. E. M. Bobinson), the 
Mayor and Mayoress of Derby (Mr. and Mrs. A. Seale Haslam), the Bishop of Southwell 
(Dr. Bidding), the Bishop of Derby (Dr. Were), the Becorder of Derby (Mr. M. C. Buszard^ Q.C.)> 

Record of the Queen*8 State Vidt to Derby, 45 

Mr. H. Boden, J.P., Mr. Buchanan, J.P., Mr. H. Swingler, J.P., Mr. Alderman Bemrose, J.P., 
the Bev. Canon Olivier, Mr. Borbidge-Hambly, Mr. G. Sutherland, Capt. Beid, Mr. J. C. 
Barnes, Mr. W. Q. Norman, Dr. Ogle, Dr. Curgenven, Dr. C. H. Taylor, and* Miss Pratt, 
matron of the Infirmary. 

Lord Scarsdale, in the regrettable absence of Sir William Evans, was charged with the 
duty of reading the Address from the Governors of the Infirmary. The Address was in the 
following terms : — 

May it please Your Majesty, — 

We, the President and Governors of the Derbyshire General Infirmary, beg to approach 
your Gracious Majesty with feelings of profound respect on this occasion of your Majesty's 
first State visit to our ancient Borough of Derby. 

We tender to your Majesty our heartfelt gratitude for having consented to honour us 
with your presence, and to mark with your illustrious sanction the important formality of 
laying the foundation-stone of a new and much -needed General Infirmary in our midst. For 
more than half a century the beneficent work of ministering to the relief of the sick and 
injured artisans and poor of the thickly populated district embraced within the Borough and 
County has been successfully carried on within the walls of our Infirmary ; but circum- 
stances beyond the control of those responsible for the proper administration of the charity 
have cast upon them the immediate and arduous duty of providing an effectual remedy for 
admitted evils in the existing building. 

After mature deliberation, and with the advice and assistance of experts in Infirmary 
construction, the Governing body came to the decision that they had no alternative but to 
sanction the removal of the old structure, and to undertake the substitution of an entirely 
new building, on an enlarged scale, and with means and appliances more in accordance with 
the requirements of modem sanitary and medical science. 

We, whose privilege and happiness it is to number ourselves amongst your Majesty's 
loyal subjects in this the very centre of the United Kingdom, are deeply conscious of the 
distinction conferred upon us by your Majesty's presence on such an auspicious occasion ; 
and we entertain a strong conviction tbat the countenance given to the gooid work in which 
we are engaged will not only be a great encouragement to us, but that it will exercise an 
all-potent influence in enabling us to carry it to a complete and successful issue. 

With the heartfelt prayer that your Majesty may long be spared to preside over the 
destinies of this nation, and a renewed expression of our grateful feelings for the signal 
service rendered to the Borough and County of Derby on this occasion by your Majesty, 

We have the honour to be 
Your Majesty's loyal, dutiful, and obedient subjects aud servants. 

(Signed) T. W. Evans, President. 

Derby, May 21st, 1891. 

The Address was on vellum, and in scroll form, backed and fringed with red silk and 
white fringe and bands. It was written in old English text, with illuminated heading and 
capitals. At the top was the County Badge, the Tudor rose and crown, on a blue ground. 
The borders had in the comers shields, on which were the lions, harp, lion of the Boyal 
Arms, and also the Borough^Arms. The borders were devices of emblems of the United 

46 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

Kingdom, the rose, shamrock, and the thistle, treated heraldically. The designs were entirely 
new, and were made expressly for this address, as was the case with the other three executed 
by the artist, Mr. George Bailey, of Derby. 

After a moment's pause, the Queen proceeded to read her reply, doing so in a clear, 
steady voice. Her Majesty said : — 

"It is with sincere pleasure that I receive your address and lay the foundation- 
stone of the new building which you propose to erect. I earnestly hope tbat this 
undertaking, in which I take a deep and personal interest, may effectually contribute to the 
relief of human suffering nnd to the health of those whose career of honourable labour has 
been interrupted by accident or by sickness. I am glad to testify, by my presence here 
to-day, my appreciation of the generous efforts that have been made on behalf of this noble 

A slight outburst of cheering from the spectators followed the delivery of this reply. 

The Lord Bishop of Southwell offered up the following prayers : — 

Almighty God, of Whose manifold gifts it cometh that Thy servants bring any work to 
a good end, look down, we pray Thee, on this Thy people here gathered together to ask Thy 
blessing upon this Hospital, of which the foundation-stone is now purposed to be laid in Thy 
Name ; grant wisdom to the designers of its plans, and to those who shall build it grant safety 
from bodily risk and accident, and that they may by loving and faithful labour share the 
Christian spirit (^f this work of charity ; guide the doctors, nurses, and oflScers who shall here- 
after minister in the noble service of this house, and may Thy Spirit ever be their spirit in 
all their counsels and ministrations, that this house may be ever Thine ; and to all those who 
shall seek help and healing here from sickness and suffering, do Thou of Thy loving mercy 
grant, in Thy infinite wisdom, comfort and reUef of body and soul, according to their several 
necessities. This we beg for Jesus Christ's name. Amen. 

God, Who has put it into the heart of Thy servant, our gracious Sovereign Lady and 
Queen, to aid and encourage by her personal presence and sympathy this charitable work in 
which we are united here before Thee ; we pray Thee to bless and reward tliis her loving 
thought for the poor and suffering among her people, that the hearts of all may be over more 
and more knit to her in loyalty and affection, in Thee and for Thee, Who dost live and govern 
aU things, world without end. Amen. 

Our Father, which art in heaven. Hallowed be Thy Name. Thy kingdonl come. Thy 
will be done in earth. As it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us 
our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into tempta- 
tion ; but deliver us from evil : For Thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory, For ever 
and ever. Amen. 

The audience joined heartily in the responses. 

Then came the actual stone-laying ceremony. Messrs. Hall and Young, the architects 
of the new buildings, were largely in evidence ; and to their credit let it be stated that each 
discharged his duty with commendable neatness and saroir /aire. It fell to the lot of the 
latter gentleman to plax^e in the cavity prepared there the usual bottle containing coin and 
other mementoes. The articles deposited were a set of the last silver coinage, a copy of the 
last Eeport of the Infirmary, and the appeal for the New Building, a programme of these pro- 
ceedings, with a copy of each of the newspapers following, viz. : — The Times^ The Derby 
Mercury , The Derby and Chesterfield Reporter^ The Derbyshire Advertiser, Tlie Derby and Derby- 
shire Gazette, The Derbyshire TimeSy T1i£ Derby Daily Telegraphy and The Derby Daily Express, 

48 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

Taking an ordinary working trowel, Mr. Young then deftly laid some mortar upon the 
stone, and handed to Her Majesty a gold trowel wherewith to perform the necessary act. 
Her Majesty, smiUng the while in a very pleasant and gracious way, took the instrument and 
spread the mortar out, whereupon, hy means of some hidden machinery, the stone above 
began slowly to descend, being guided into its place by the architects jointly. Mr. Hall next 
handed to the Queen an ivory mallet, and Her Majesty, after administering three fiairly 
vigorous taps to the stone, declared it, in a low voice, to be " well and truly laid." An 
outburst of applause greeted the announcement,, and the ceremony of the day was over. 
Acknowledging the cheers of the spectators. Her Majesty bowed low three times, and retired 
from the platform into the ante-chamber. The Royal party shortly afterwards entered the 
carriage, and the Dragoons having fallen into position, the signal was given, and the proces- 
sion moved away, passing down the central entrance from the Infirmary grounds, and 
turning to the right for the station. Immediately afterwards the long maintained restraint 
which spectators in the streets had endured behind the barriers was relaxed, and presently the 
London Boad was crowded by a surging mass of persons, all eager in tlie recital of their 
experiences, and agreeing with a common accord that the visit of Her Majesty was a gracious 
and kindly act, and that the proceedings of the day, despite considerations of weather, had 
passed off with unequivocal success. 


After the conclusion of the ceremony at the Infirmary, the Queen and the royal party 
re-entered their carriages, and were accompanied to the Midland Station by His Worship the 
Mayor and the Mayoress, Major-General Wilkinson, G.6., Col. Eelly-Eenny, GoL Hooke, 
and Captain Birkbeck, proceeding via London Boad and Midland Boad, where Her Majesty 
again received a most enthusiastic and loyal welcome from the assembled onlookers. 
On arriving at the Station Her Majesty immediately left the carriage and proceeded to the 
Beception Boom. The Mayor, was then summoned to the Boyal Presence, and received 
from Her Majesty her sincere thanks for the splendid reception accorded to her. She also 
expressed her hearty appreciation of the loyalty of " her people of Derby,*.* and the good 
order of the town, and said it had afforded her the greatest possible pleasure to visit Derby, 
and to assist in promoting so worthy and excellent an object as the re-construction of the 
Infirmary. The Mayor then retired, but a few moments afterwards the Secretary of State 
(Mr. Henry Matthews) appeared, and said he had been instructed by the Queen to convey a 
Boyal message to His Worship. This gracious message was an intimation that it would 
afford the Queen great pleasure to confer the honour of knighthood upon the Mayor of Derby 
if he would accept it. His Worship replied that it would give him sincere pleasure to 
receive this mark of Boyal favour from Her Most Gracious Majesty. This answer having 
been conveyed to the Queen, the Mayor was immediately re-introduced into the Boyal 
presence, and in the Betiring Boom a very pleasing event took place, which effectually set 
the seal of Her Majesty's approval on the proceedings of the day, and conferred an honour oiji 

Reoord of the Qwtn'n fitaU Viint to Derhi/. 

the town, in the petaon of its chief magistrate, which waa received on all hands with 
the greatest possible acceptance and appreciation. The Queen having announced to the Mayor 
that it would give her very great pleasure to bestow upon him the honour of kuighthood before 
leaving the town, Hia Worship thanked Her Majesty for this mark of her condeacension 
and Koyal favour. He waa told to kneel, and Her Majesty, with the sword of the Equerry-in- 
Waiting (Major-General Sir Hy, Ewart), went through the ceremony of knighting him — which 
included the kissing of the Queen's hand, aud then said, " Rise, Sir Alfred." The Mayor again 
conveyed hia thanks to the Queen for this distinction, and retired from her presence. A moat 
grati^^ng incident in connection with this auspicious ceremony was that it waa performed under 

The Queen KNtotrrnio Tu£ Maiob. 

the personal observation of the Mayoress and her four children, who were standing opposite 
the doorway leading to the Reception Room, and were thns witnesses of this gracious and 
condescending mark of Royal favour. Several other pleasing incidents subaequently occurred. 
The Mayoress had the honour, on behalf of Mr. Richard Keene, of Iron Gate, of presenting 
to the Queen as a souvtnir of her visit, an album containing aome aplendid platinotype 
photographs of the interior of Hardwick Hall, the renowned Derbyshire seat of the Marquia 
of Hartington. The album was in the form of an oblong book, handsomely bound in 
morocco, and contained views of the entrance hall of the mansion, aa well aa the dining- 
room, the drawing-room, picture gallery, etc. All of them were exquiaite specimens of the 

60 Record of the Queen's Visit to Derby, 

photographer's art, and had gained medals — including the gold medal at Calcntta. Inside 
the cover there was a handsome label, bearing the following words — *' Presented to Her 
Majesty the Queen, on her State Visit to Derby, May 21st, 1891, by the Mayoress of Derby, 
on behalf of the Photographer." The Queen appeared very pleased with the gift, and 
expressed her thanks to the Mayoress, to whom she gave her hand to kiss a second time 
before leaving. Her Majesty's thanks have also been conveyed to Mr. Eeene for his gift. 
The Mayor h^ the further honour of presenting to Her Majesty a basket of choice apples 
which had just arrived by the Peninsula and Oriental Co. 'a steamship Ballarat from 
Tasmania. These apples formed a part of the first large cargo of apples brought from the 
Antipodes by means of the machinery which has made the name of Haslam of world-wide 
celebrity, and conferred great benefit upon the producer in the colonies and the consumer at 
home. Her Majesty graciously received the offering of fruit from the Antipodes, spoke of 
the apples as beautiful specimens, and said it had given her great pleasure to accept the 
present. At the close of this part of the proceedings, which Her Majesty had graciously 
authorised previous to her arrival, the Queen left the Reception Boom, aud proceeded to the 
Boyal train, repeatedly acknowledging her thanks by bowing to the Mayor and Mayoress and 
their children, the Beception Committee, and the gentlemen who had the honour and 
privilege of grouping themselves in front of the Boyal carriage prior to its departure. A 
lovely basket of flowers and fruit was presented to Her Majesty by Miss Hylda Paget, 
daughter of Colonel Paget, the Chairman of the Midland Bailway Company, and then 
farewells were exchanged. As the Queen was leaving the station three hearty cheers were 
raised by the ladies and gentlemen present, and the band played the National Anthem. 
Thus concluded one of the most eventful days which has ever been known in the good old 
town of Derby — a day to be long remembered as Derby's ** Derby Day." The auspicious 
circumstance of the Mayor's knighthood, thus bestowed only a short time before the Queen 
entered the train to resume her journey north, was known only to a very limited number of 
persons, and it was not until the pointed allusions to *' Sir Alfred " were made in the course 
of the subsequent banquet, that the facts of the case became known, and then the new 
knight was warmly congratulated on the deserved honour which he had obtained. 

Another correspondent describes the same events as follows : — The station was reached 
at exactly seven o'clock. It quickly became known that Her Majesty would leave for 
Scotland a few minutes earlier than was originally fixed, and it soon became apparent 
that this was the case by the attendants removing the presentation addresses and the other 
gifts, and by the arrangements that were being made for tea. The Queen-was assisted from 
her carriage by her two Scotch attendants, and walked briskly to the Beception Boom. 
Here the visit was brought to a fitting, though certainly unexpected, climax, by 
Her Majesty conferring a knighthood on the Mayor of Derby. A few minutes after 
this interesting ceremony the Queen walked to the train, which was in waiting, and 
in the State saloon took up a seat next the platform, appearing exceedingly interested iu 
all that was taking place. A lovely basket of flowers was presented to Her Majesty by 
Miss Hylda Paget, and then farewells were exchanged. Three cheers were given by the 
soldiers and others assembled on the platform, and the train steamed away exactly at 7.10. 

Record of the Queen's Visit to Derby, 61 

The Queen was attired in a black silk dress and black cape, and the customary white 
feather was noticeable in her bonnet. Princess Henry of Battenberg wore a cloak covered 
with fur, and blue bonnet with gold and pink. 


The bouquet presented to the Queen by the Mayoress was composed of the choicest and 
most exquisite flowers — orchids : cattleyas, lelia purpurata, and odontoglossums, being the 
principal varieties used i^ its composition. The bouquet was in the *'Standish/' or 
flat, style, which Her Majesty likes, as it can be put down at any moment without 
injuring the flowers. In explanation of this, we may state that the bouquet was 
supplied by Messrs. John Standish & Co., Court Florists, of 62, St. George's Place, 
Knightsbridge, London, S.W., who have made several for the Queen at different times of 
this shape, with which Her Majesty has expressed her great satis&ction and pleasure. 

The Princess Henry of Battenberg's bouquet (presented by Miss Hilda Haslam) was 
made up of Eatherine Mermet roses. The bouquet of the Countess of Erroll (Lady-in- 
Wajting) was composed of white roses and lilies, and that of the Hon. Ethel Cadogan 
(Maid-of-Honour) consisted of white roses and lilies also. The Mayoress' bouquet was 
composed of La France and Souvenir d'une Ami roses, whilst her daughters carried posy 
bouquets of yellow roses and Marguerites. All the above most tasteful compositions were 
supplied (to the order of the Mayor) by Messrs. John Standish & Co., of London, and were 
tied with large silk bows to match the flowers. 

His Worship the Mayor of Derby (Sir Alfred Haslam) wore a reception robe 
of the richest crimson Genoa velvet, lined throughout with white corded silk, with minever 
cape and edgings, and massive gold cords and tassels, also satin rosettes, etc. This was 
worn over a Court suit of black silk velvet, with cut steel buttons. The hat was three- 
cornered, and of black silk velvet, with real ostrich feather trimmings, and steel loop. It 
may be added that it was a special robe such as is only used on occasions when a Mayor 
receives Her Majesty. It was supplied by Messrs. Ede & Son, of Chancery Lane, makers to 
Her Majesty and the Corporation of London. 

The Mayoress (Lady Haslam) wore a very handsome goWn of serpent damas 
brochi, trimmed with black chiffon and old point dt Venise lace, embroidered with jet 
carbochons ; Louis XV. cloak to match, trimmed with jet, bordered with feather trimming ; 
and small bonnet, composed of pink roses and jetted tulle. The Misses Haslam wore 
charming little frocks of creme bengaline, trimmed with embroidery, tied with baby ribbon ; 
picturesque hats of cr^me chip, trimmed with broad satin ribbon and feathers to match, and 
cloaks of tan colour Amazon cloth. 

52 Record of the Queen^s State Vint to Derby, 


(From the Court Circular.) 

Balmoral Castlb, May 22. 

The Queen yesterday laid the foundation-stone of the new Infirmary at Derby. 

Her Majesty, accompanied by Their Boyal Highnesses Prince and Princess Henry of 
Battenberg, and attended by the Ladies and Gentlemen-in- Waiting, arrived at the Midland 
Railway Station, Derby, at 5.85 p.m., where Her Majesty was received by the Mayor and 
Mayoress (Mr. and Mrs. A. Scale Haslam) ; the High Sheriff (Edward Miller Mundy, Esq., 
J.P.) ; Major-General Wilkinson, C.B., commanding N.E. District; Colonel Kelly-Kenny, 
Assistant Adjutant-Oeneral N.E. District ; Colonel Hooke, commanding the troops at Derby ; 
Captain Birkbeck, aide-de-camp to the Major-General ; and the Reception Committee. 

The Mayoress had the honour of presenting a bouquet to the Queen. 

On the platform at the station a guard of honour of the Volunteer Battalion the Sher- 
wood Foresters (Derbyshire Regiment) received Her Majesty with the usual salute. 

The following had the honour of being presented to Her Majesty in the reception room 
at the railway station by the Earl of Lathom, Lord Chamberlain : — The Mayor and Mayoress 
(Mr. and Mrs. A. Scale Haslam), the Recorder (M. C. Buszard, Esq., Q.C.), the Town Clerk 
(H. F. Gadsby, Esq.), the Chairman of the Midland Railway Company (G. E. Paget, Esq.), 
and the General Manager of the Midland Railway Company (Lieut. -Colonel J. Noble, J.P.). 

Outside the railway station a guard of honour of the Derbyshire Yeomanry Cavalry was 
drawn up in line. 

The Queen then entered her carriage, the Royal procession being formed in the 
following order : — 

Lieutenant-Colonel Delacombe. Chief Constable. 

Escort of the 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabineers), accompanied by Major Porter, Captain 

Massey, and Lieutenant Francis. 

O m 

First Cabriaob. q> 

11 THE QUEEN. i-g 

S . Their Royal Highnesses Prince and Princess Henry ® ^ 
^P of Battenberg, 

• o 

Major-General Sir Henry Ewart, Equerry. 

Major-General H. C. Wilkinson, C.B., commanding N.E. District ; Captain Birkbeck, 
aide-de-camp; Colonel T. Kelly-Kenny, Assistant Adjutant-General N.E. District; and 
16 men of the 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabineers.) 

Second Carriage. — The Countess of Erroll, the Hon. Ethel Cadogan, the Right Hon. 
H. H. Matthews, and the Earl of Lathom. 

Colonel H. H, Hooke (commanding troops at Derby) on horseback. 

Record of the Qtieen's State Visit to Derby. BS 

Third Carriage. — Miss McNeill and Miss M. Cochrane, in waiting on Princess Beatrice, 
General the Bight Hon. Sir Henry Ponsonby (Private Secretary to Her Majesty), and 
Lieut.-Colonel Sir Fleetwood Edwards (Assistant Private Secretary to Her Majesty). 

Fourth Carriage. — Lieut.-Colonel Lord Edward Pelham Clinton, the Hon. A. Yorke. 
Dr. James Eeid, C.B., and Mr. Muther. 

Fifth Carriage. — l)he Munshi Abdul Eerim. 

The Procession proceeded by the Midland Boad and London Boad to the Town Hall, in 
the Market Place, where Her Majesty was received by a guard of honour of the 1st Volunteer 
Battalion the Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire Begiment). 

The school children, accompanied by the Grenadier Guards' Band, sang '* God save the 

An Address from the Corporation of Derby was read by the Becorder and presented to 
Her Majesty by the Mayor in a gold casket. 

The Queen from her carriage graciously replied to the Address as follows : — 

"I have received with much pleasure your loyal and dutiful address, and I highly 
appreciate the cordial welcome which has been accorded to me by my faithful people at 

** It is with sincere satisfaction that I observe how largely your ancient borough has 
shared in the great prosperity and progress of my kingdom, and I feel encouraged in meeting 
the responsibilities that devolve on me when I know that I have the hearty support of my 
faithful subjects, and I am glad to be here to-day. 

'' I cannot but feel the greatest sorrow, which I am sure is shared by you all, at the death 
of Lord Edward Cavendish, who was so universally loved. I condole sincerely with his 
father and family, and I regret that this sad event should have deprived us of the presence 
of Lord Hartington on this occasion.*' 

The following Addresses were also presented to Her Majesty : — 

The Justices of the Peace for the Borough, the Derbyshire County Council, the Justices 
of the Peace for the County, the Derby Board of Guardians, the Derby School Board, the 
Clergy, the Medical Profession, the Nonconformist Ministers, the Nurses of the Derby and 
Derbyshire Nursing Association, the Eepton School, the Derby School, the Trent College, 
the Members of the Derbyshire Provincial Grand Lodge of Freemasons, the Chamber of 
Commerce, the Derby Friendly Societies, the Elementary Schools, the Temperance Society. 

The school children, accompanied by the Guards' Band, then sang ** Auld Lang Syne." 

The procession then proceeded round the Market Place, by the Corn Market, Victoria 
Street, St. Peter's Street, and the London Boad, and entered the Infirmary grounds. 

On arrival at the Infirmary, where a guard of honour of the 1st Battalion the Sherwood 
Foresters (late 45th Begiment) was drawn up, Her Majesty was received by the High Sheriff 
of the county, the Mayor of Derby, and Lord Scarsdale, in the absence of the President of 
the Infirmary. 

lUcord of the ^«n'< Vidt to Derby. 

Lord Scarsdale read an ckddress, to which the Qaeen made the following reply : — 

" It is with Biucere pleasure that I receive your address and lay the foundation-stone of 
the new building which you propose to erect. 

"I earnestly hope that this. undertaking, iu which I take a deep and personal interest, 
may effectively contribute to the relief of human suffering, and to the help of those whose 
career of honourable labour has been interrupted by accident or sicbness. 

" I am glad to testify by my presence here to-day my appreciation of the generous efforts 
that have been made on behalf of this noble charity." 

The Lord Bishop of Southwell offered prayers. 

Upon the trowel and level being handed to Her Majesty by Mr. Young and Mr. Hall, 
architects, the Queen laid the foundation -stone, after which the following presentations were 
made to Her Majesty by the Earl of Lathom : — 

The Lord Bishop of Southwell. 

The Lord Bishop of Derby. 

The High Sheriff of the County. 

Lord Scarsdale, Vice-President. 

The Architects. 

The Senior Physician, Dr. W. Ogle. 

The Senior Surgeon, Dr. W. G.Curgenven. 

The House Surgeon, Dr. C. H. Taylor. 

The Matron, Miss Pratt. 

Her Majesty re-entered her carriage, and the Royal party returned to the Midland 
Railway Station by the London Rood. 

Before leaving, Her Majesty conferred the honour of knighthood upon the Mayor 
(Mr. Alfred Scale Haslam). 

Miss Hylda Paget, daughter of the Chairman of the Midland Railway, bad the honour of 
presenting Her Majesty with a basket of orchids and fruit. 

On leaving Derby at 7.10 p.m., the Queen, accompanied by Prince and Princess Henry of 
Battenberg and Their Royal Highnesses' children, and attended by the Countess of Erroll, 
Miss M'Neill, the Hon. Ethel Cadogan, Col. Lord Edward Pelham Clinton, Lieut. -Colonel 
Sir Fleetwood Edwards, tbe Hon. A. Yorke, Mr. Mutfaer, and Dr. Beid, left for Balmoral, 
which was reached this morning at 10 o'clock. 

A Guard of Honour of the 1st Royal Scots FosilierB under the command of 
Major B. F. Willoughby, was mounted at Ballatet on Her Majesty's arrival. 


At eight o'clock od Thursday eveiiiiig, a grand invitation banquet wae given by the 
Mayor of Derby in commemoratiou of the Queen's visit to the town earlier in the day. 
The function — alike from its completeness and splendour — was well worthy of the occasion, 
and it is not too much to say that it was one of the most successfal and brilliant 
entertainments of the kind ever held in Derby. In fact the experienced represen- 
tative of a metropolitan newspaper aptly observed that "it could not have been better 
done at the Hotel M^tiopole, London." This will be at once understood when we 
state that the Mayor, with his customary enterprise and hospitality, had practically given 
carle blanche to that prince of caterers, Mr. William Towle, who— backed by the great 
resources of the company of which he is the chief restaarnteur — fairly excelled himself (if 
that was possible) in the prodnction of the repast. The magnificent decorations of the 
marquee, which had been specially erected alongside the Midland Hotel for the purposes of 
the banquet, are graphically described in detail on another page, and there is no need to 
repeat them. It only need be added that when the fairy-like structure was lit up with the 
electric light — the incandescent rays of which, though brilliant, were softly subdued with 
opaque ground glass — and the magnificent plate (of which there was £8,000 worth in the 
room), the rich cut glass, and the exquisite fiowers of the dinner tables were set off by their 
refulgence to the best advantage, the scene, in the local history of prandial festivities, may 
be fairly said to have been unsurpassed. No less elaborate and recherche was the gastronomic 
aspect of the entertainment, as will be gathered from the following : — 


Hon d'ceavre variea. 
Milk Fundi. Torta citire. Crfime Princesse. 

SftDinon, SsDce HoUuidaiae. 
Uocbheimer, 1S71. HomardB en csisaea A la 

PoulardeB brnis^eB i la Cumberland. 
U^x Sontaine, 1864. Filet de baul a la Vernon. 

Aepic d'ceuts de Fluviera en Bellevae. 
Belle d'Agneau a I'Anglaisa. 
Fommes noavellra. Fetils Foia Fraig, 

SorbetB Butrice. 
GaiLea aor Cronatadei. 
jt Branche Sanoe Monaseliua. 
re de Ffcbee a la Monte Carlo. 


a loQIB. 

Canapes Marseillais. 
Ca(£. tiiqueun. 

66 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

The serving up of the dinner and the attendance by. the nnmerous and experienced staff of 
waiters left nothing to be desired, and the wioes and liqueurs, which were freely served with 
the different courses, were of the choicest possible character. The company present to 
support the Mayor — in response to His Worship's invitation — was, notwithstanding many 
unavoidable and regrettable absences, of a most influential and representative character, 
and the bright uniforms of the notabilities lent an added air of splendour and gaiety to 
the festive scene. 

The Mayor of Derby (Sir Alfred Seale Haslam, Knight, J. P.) presided, and to His 
Worship's right at the cross-table were seated the Bight Hon. the Earl of Harrington ; the 
Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Derby ; Sir Vauncey Harpur Crewe, Bart., D.L. ; the Hon. 
W. M. Jervis, J.P. D.L. ; tbe Hon. F. Strutt, J.P. ; Sir James Allport, Knight, J.P. ; 
Mr. Alderman Roe, M.P. ; the Mayor of Ilkeston ; the Mayor of Burton ; Mr. Hy. Boden, J.P. ; 
Mr. Alderman Worthington, J.P. ; Mr. J. Bailey, J.P. ; Mr. W. Turpie, J.P. ; Mr. L. R. 
Starkey, J.P. (High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire) ; Mr. Fitzberbert Wright. J.P., D.L. ; and 
Mr. H. T. Hodgson (a director of the Midland Railway Co.) To the left of the Mayor were 
seated the Right Hon. Sir William Vernon Harcourt, Q.C., MP. ; Alderman Sir John Smith 
Knight, J.P. ; the Recorder of Derby (Mr. M. C. Buszard, Q.C.) ; Sir Frederick Bramwell 
Knight ; Mr. E. S. Norris, M.P., D.L. ; the Mayor of Leicester (Mr. Alderman Kempson) 
the Mayor of Lincoln (Mr. Edwin Pratt) ; Mr. Charles Thomas (Vice-Chairman, M.R.) 
Mr. J. W. Cropper ; Mr. Gustave Behrens (Directors of the Midland Railway Co.) 
Mr. Alderman Hobson, J.P. ; Major-General Wilkinson, C.B.; Lieut. -General Thomson, J.P. 
Colonel Kelly- Kenny ; Rev. Canon Knight; and Rev John Haslam (his Worship's brother). 

Mr. George Gilbert, of the Town Hall, acted as toastmaster most efficiently, and, at his 
request, the guests to the right and left of the Mayor successively took wine with His 
Worship. Mr. Gilbert also, in the course of the proceedings, announced that letters of 
apology, regretting their inability to be present, had been received from the Duke of Portland ; 
the Marquis of Hartington ; Lord Vernon ; Lord Burton ; Sir William Evans ; Sir Henry 
Wilmot ; Sir John Monckton ; Colonel Martindale ; Mr. Barnes, M.P. ; Mr. T. D. Bolton, M.P. ; 
Mr. H. Wardle, M.P. ; and many others. 

The following are the names of those who received invitations : — 

Sir James Allport ; Rev. Canon Abney ; Mr. R. J. Allison, M.P. ; Mr. CounciUor E. T. 
Ann ; Mr. F. C. Arkwright, J.P. ; Mr. A. G. Anderson ; Mr. W. E. Adie ; Mr. W. R. 
Anderson ; Editor of Derbyshire AdveHiser ; Mr. H. Arnold -Bemrose. 

Mr. Alderman H. H. Bemrose, J.P. ; Right Hon. Lord Burton ; Sir F. Bramwell ; 
Mr. Councillor S Bennett ; Mr. Councillor T. H. Bennett ; Mr. Councillor H. Boam ; 
Mr. Councillor G. Bottomley, J.P. ; Mr. Councillor C. C. Bowring, J.P. ; Mr. Councillor A. 
Butterworth; Mr. J. C. Barnes; Mr. H. Boden, J.P.; Mr. J. Wright Baker, J.P.; Dr. Benthall; 
Mr. W. Boden, J.P. ; Mr. A. Buchanan, J.P. ; Mr. M. C. Buszard, Q.C. ; Mr. John Bailey, 
J.P. ; Mr. W. L. Beale ; Mr. Gustav Behrens ; Mr. H. T. L. Bewley ; Mr. W. Bemrose, J.P. ; 
Mr. George Bailey ; the Mayor of Birmingham ; His Honour Judge Barber ; Mr. H. Buckley, 
Mr. George Brigden ; Mr. J. R. Stemdale Bennett, M.A. ; the Mayor of Burton; Mr. 8. 
B. Barnes; Mr. C. S. B. Busby; Major Blaxland ; Mr. John Bell; Mr. T. D. Bolton, M.P. ; 
Mr. A. Barnes, M.P. ; Editor of Black and White ; Mr. W. B. Blunt ; Mr. F. 0. F. Bateman, 
J.P. ; Mr. C. Brentnall; Mr. E. Bradbury; Mr. H. W. Butler; Mr. Sharpley Bainbridge, J.P.; 
Editor of Birmingham Daily Post 

Record of the Queen'i State Vitit to Derby, 57 

Sir D. Currie, M.P. ; Sir C. Clifford ; Sir Vauncey H. Crewe ; Mr. Alderman J. G. 
Crompton ; Mr. Councillor G. Cholerton; Mr. Councillor W. Clemson; Mr. Councillor T. Cox; 
Mr. W. Cox, J,P. ; Colonel J. C. Cavendish, J.P. ; Dr. W. G. Curgenven ; Mr. N. C. Curzon ; 
Mr. J. W. Cropper ; Mr. W. Coddington, M.P. ; Mr. T. G. Clayton ; Mr. J. Close ; Mr. W. 
Cooper; Mr. W. Crowther; the Mayor of Chesterfield; Mr. W. T. E. Cox, J.P.; Mr. F. Clifton; 
Mr. S. Court ; Mr.,T. Clarke ; Mr. P. B. Chadfield ; Mr. E. Cayford ; Mr. R. Carr ; Rev. Dr. 
Cox ; Mr. A. L. Charles ; Mr. T. W. Coxon ; Mr. George Corbett ; Mr. W. G. Copestake ; 
Mr. C. H. Coulson ; Mr. E. Clulow ; Captain Gordon Gumming ; the Editor of Central News. 

His Grace the Duke of Devonshire ; Right Hon. Lord Denman ; Right Rev. Bishop- 
Suffragan of Derby ; Mr. Councillor G. Dean ; Mr. Councillor J. P. Doherty ; Mr. Councillor 
F. Duesbury ; Lieut. -Colonel Delacombe; Mr. W. Dawes; Mr. E. S. Dawes; Colonel Dawes; 
Mr. T. L. Devitt ; Professor Dewar ; Mr. George Drabble ; Editor of DaUy News ; Mr. W. 
D. N. Drury-Lowe ; Mr. W. B. Delacombe. 

Alderman Sir T. W. Evans, Bart.; Mr. Councillor E. C. Ellis; Mr. Councillor S. Evans; 
Mr. Walter Evans, J.P. ; Mr. W. P. Edwards ; Mr. Henry Evans ; Mr. C. K. Eddowes ; Mr. 
A. M. Edlin ; Mr. James Eadie. 

Sir B. W. Foster, M.P.; Mr. Councillor Fletcher; Mr. Councillor Foster; Mr. Councillor 
Foulds, Rev. Canon W. M. Fumeaux ; Rev. A. F. E. Forman ; Dr. A. 0. Francis ; Mr. G. 
Frost ; Capt. Farquharson ; Mr. R. J. Fittall ; Lieutenant 0. Francis ; Mr. G. Findlay. 

Sir J. Gorst, M.P. ; Mr. Councillor T. L. Gentles ; Mr. Councillor J, Grundy ; Dr. C. A. 

Greaves ; Dr. E. C. Green ; Mr, H. F. Gadsby ; Mr. G. Gascoyne, sen., J.P. ; Mr. J. H. Gas- 

coyne, J.P. ; Lieut. -Colonel Gascoyne ; Mr. ALfred Giles, M.P. ; Lieutenant Dan Godfrey ; Mr. 

. F. W. Greaves ; Mr. E. Gellatly ; Editor of Graphic ; Mr. H. E. Gooch ; Editor of Derby 

Gazette ; Sir Douglas Galton, E.C.B. 

The Earl of Harrington ; Right Hon. Lord Hartington; Right Hon. Sir W. V. Harcourt, 
M.P. ; Mr. Alderman Higginbottom, J.P. ; Mr. Alderman W. Hobson, J.P. ; Mr. Alderman G. 
Holme, J.P. ; Mr. Councillor T. H. Harrison ; Mr. Councillor W. Hart ; Mr. Councillor E. 
Haslam ; Mr. Councillor Heathcote, J.P. ; Mr. Councillor J. Hill ; Mr. C. H. Burbidge 
Hambly ; Rev. G. Hunsworth, M.A. ; Mr. A. C. Percival Heywood, J.P. ; Major A. W. 
Holmes ; Dr. C. H. Hough ; Mr. A. F. Hurt, J.P. ; Colonel Hooke ; Mr. W. U. Heygate ; Mr. 
H. T. Hodgson ; Mr. W. H. Hodges ; Mr. R. J. Harrison ; Mr., H. M. Haywood ; Mr. H. M. 
Holmes ; Mr. W. G. Haslam ; Rev. J. Haslam ; Mr. Arthur B. Hamilton ; Mr. H. G. Harris ; 
Mr. E. S. Houlder ; Mr. Henry Hall ; Major Hudson ; Mr. W. E. Hubbard ; Mr. A. Howden ; 
Mr. R. A. Hankey; Mr. Thos. Hall; Mr. R. H odder ; Mr. G. Holme, jun. ; Mr. H. M. 
Hobson ; Mr. Alfred Hobson ; Major H. Hall ; Mr. N. J. Hughes-Hallett ; Mr. Robert 
Harvey ; Rev. W. F. Harris. 

Mayor of Ilkeston ; Mr. W. Iliffs ; Mr. I. H. Ismay ; Editor of Illustrated London News, 

Hon. W. M. Jervis, J.P. ; Mr. Councillor Jackson ; Mr. S. W. Johnson ; Rev. W. 
Johnson ; Mr. Thos. Johnson ; Mr. Felix Joseph ; Mr. W. F. Jackson ; Mr. J. A. Jacoby, 
M.P. ; Mr. E. S. Johnson. 

Rev. Canon Knight ; Mr. R. Keene ; Mr. F. R. Kendall ; Mr. J. F. King ; Mr. J. Keys. 

Mayor of Leicester ; Mayor of Lincoln ; Mr. Alderman C. Leech, J.P. ; Mr. Alderman 
F. Longdon, J.P. ; Mr. Councillor Laurie ; Mr. Councillor F. E. Leech ; Mr. Councillor 
W. Lowe ; Mr. F. Ley ; Mr. W. E. Langdon ; Captain Leslie ; Mr. S. Lothe, jun. ; Mr. H. 

Sir Fred. T. Mappin, M.P. ; Sir John Monckton ; Sir W. Mackinnon ; Monsignor McKenna ; 
Mr. Councillor W. H. Marsden; Mr. E. M. Mundy, J.P. ; Colonel P. P. Mosley ; Mr. W. L. 
Mugliston ; Dr. MacPhail ; the Mayor of Manchester ; Mr. W. Milburn, jun. ; Mr. G. W. Manuel ; 
Mr. D. Mackmnon ; Mr. A. Macllwraith ; Mr. J. Maxey ; Mr. J. A. McDonald ; Mr. George 
Morrall ; Mr. H. J. Morgan ; Colonel Martindale ; Mr. H. Monkhouse ; Capt. P. H. Massey ; 
the Editor of Derby Mercury; the Editor of Manchester Examiner; Rev. A. Mills; Mr. E. 

The Mayor of Nottingham ; Mr. Alderman J. W. Newbold, J.P. ; Mr. John Noble, J.P. ; 
Mr. W. G. Norman ; Mr. C. E. Newton, J.P. ; Mr. E. M. Nelson ; Mr. F. Nelson ; Mr. E. S. 

58 lUcard of the Qusen'i Vuit to Derby. 

Noma, M.P. ; Mr. G. P. Neele ; the Editor of J^oUingham Exprens ; the Editor of Nottingham 

The Rev. Canon Olivier ; Dr. W. Ogle ; the Rev. J. Stanley Owen ; Mr. T. P. Osborne ; 
Mr. D. Ottewell. 

His Grace the Duke of Portland ; Mr. G. E. Paget, J.P. ; Mr. W. J. Piper ; Mr. E. H. 
Pares, J.P. ; Mr. C. H. Plevins ; Mr. J. Pettifor ; Mr. J. Park ; Mr. E. Pembroke; Mr. T. D. 
Parker ; Captain Parry ; Mr. C. A. Peters ; Major T. C. Porter ; Major R. W. Chandos-Pole. 

Mr. Alderman T. Roe, M.P. ; Mr. Alderman R. Russell; J.P. ; Mr. Councillor T. L. Riley ; 
Mr. Councillor I. Roome ; Mr. Councillor J. E. Russell ; Mr. Robert Rankin ; Capt. W. J. 
Reid; Mr. F. J. Robinson; Mr. C. T. Ritchie, M.R; Mr. J. R. Ragdale; the Editor of 
Derby Reporter. 

Right Hon. Lord Scarsdale ; Sir T. Sutherland ; Sir John Smith ; Right Rev. the Lord 
Bishop of Southwell ; Mayor of Sheflfield ; Mr. Alderman W. B. Sherwin ; Mr. Alderman U. 
Sowter,J.P.; Mr. Councillor T. Sims ; Mr. Coimcillor R. W. Spriggs ; Mr. Councillor F. Stone ; 
Mr. Councillor C. J. Storer ; Hon. F. Strutt, J.P. ; Mr. Councillor G. Sutherland ; Dr. J. A. 
Sharpe ; Mr. Rowland Smith, J.P. ; Mr. Herbert Strutt, J.P. ; Mr. H. Swingler, J.P. ; Mr. L. R. 
Starkey ; Mr. F. L. Sowter ; Mr. W. Turner Shaw, J.P. ; Mr. Francis N. Smith, J.P. ; 
Mr. A. H. Stokes ; Mr. T. C. Simmonds ; Mr. W. Savill ; Mr. Jno, Smith ; Mr. John Shaw, 
J.P. : Mr. 0. R. Strickland ; Mr. C. J. C. Scott ; Mr. W. Sidebottom, M.P. ; Mr. B. Stretton ; 
Editor of Standard ; Editor of Sheffield Telegraph ; Editor of Sheffield Independent ; Captain 
Shaw ; Mr. W. Cecil Salt ; Mr. W. AntiU Spencer. 

Mr. W. Gladwin Turbutt, J.P. ; Mr. W. Turpie, J.P. ; Lieut.-General J. Sinclair 
Thomson, J.P. ; Mr. C. Thomas ; Sir M. W. Thompson, Bart. ; Mr. C. Trubshaw ; 
Mr. G. H. Turner ; Mr. W. Towle ; Dr. C. H. Taylor ; Mr. Frank Tatam ; Mr. John 
Tatam ; Mr. G. Turner ; Mr. A. Tait ; Mr. A. G. Taylor ; Mr. J. H. Todd ; Colonel Du Plat 
Taylor ; Editor of DaUy Telegraph ; Editor of The Times ; Dr. F. E. Taylor. 

Mr. Councillor G. B. Unsworth. 

Right Hon. Lord Vernon. 

Sir A. Walker. Bart.; Sir R. Webster, M.P. ; Sir H. Wilmot, Bart.; Mr. Alderman 
S. Whitaker ; Mr. Alderman A. Woodiwiss, J.P. ; Mr. Councillor J. Walley ; Mr. Councillor 
C. Wallis ; Mr. Councillor P. W.allis ; Mr. Councillor F. Ward ; Mr. Councillor W. Williamson ; 
Mr. Councillor W. W. Winter; Mr. CounciUor J. Wright; Mr. H. J. Wood, J.P. ; 
Mr. W. Woodward ; Mr. W. H. Worthington, J.P. ; Mr. H. Wiggin, M.P. ; Mr. Jas. Williams, 
J.P. ; Mr. W. H. Whiston ; Mr. W. G. Wheeldon ; Mr. H. Wardle, M.P. ; Mr. FitzHerbert 
Wright, J.P. ; Mr. W. Wilkinson ; Mr. J. Wills ; Mr. J. B. Westray ; Mr. J. J. WaUis ; 
Mr. H. W. Williams ; Mr. W. B. Woodforde ; Mr. G. Wheeldon ; Mr. J. Wells ; Mr. L. W. 
Wilshire ; Mr. R. Wilson ; Major-General Wilkinson ; Mr. Alderman Richard Waite. 

Mr. Keith Young ; the Editor of Yorkshire Post. 

Grace after meat having been said by the Bishop of Derby, 

The Mayor rose to propose the first toast, and was loudly cheered. He said he had very 
great pleasure in submitting for their acceptance '* The Health of Her Most Gracious Majesty 
the Queen." (Applause.) It was well known to all of them that the Queen during her life 
had endeavoured to the best of her ability and strength to discharge her duty, and he must 
say that day she had set an example to the rulers of the earth. (Cheers.) After living more 
than threescore years and ten, and at a time when people were inclined to take their repose, 
the Queen of England had yielded to the invitation of the people of Derby, and performed a 
duty which she said she had experienced great pleasure in doing. (Cheers.) It was made 
known to Her Majesty some weeks ago that it had been found absolutely necessary to rebuild 
the hospital, and that, in all probability, if she set her seal to the work, those who were under- 
taking it would be able to accomplish it more speedily than without her gracious assistance. At 
that time the subscription list amounted to about £8,000, but that day it exceeded £45,000. 
(Applause.) He thought they might fairly say that they owed a large amount of that success to 
Her Majesty. (Cheers.) She had come to Derby, and had performed her duty, and the inhabitants 

Record of ths Qusen^n Visit to Derby, 69 

of both the borough and county felt indebted to the Queen for having condescended to visit 
them. (Applause.) When Her Majesty was leaving she expressed more than once or twice 
her great satisfaction at the loyalty of the people, and the excellence with which the whole of 
the arrangements had been carried out. (Cheers.) Indeed, the words the Queen had used 
were most flattering, and reflected the highest credit upon his native town for the way they 
had endeavoured to rally round and help him (the Mayor) in that great undertaking. 
(Applause.) He did not desire to detain them longer, but lie would say that the Queen had 
set a noble example to all classes of the people. Siie had shown to parents how they ought 
to discharge their duties — (applause) — she had shown the women of England wliat they ought 
to be, and she had always shown to the rulers of the world what they ought to be. (Applause.) 
The Queen lived in the hearts of her people, and it was their earnest wish and prayer that 
Providence might spare her life for many years to come. (Loud cheers.) 

The Mayor was again loudly cheered on rising to propose the toast of the *' Prince and 
Princess of Wales and Members of the Boyal Family." He said they would all agree with 
him in observing that the Prince of Wales was perhaps one of the hardest-worked men in the 
Kingdom. He was called upon to perform many important and onerous duties, and he 
invariably endeavoured to meet all the demands upon his time. There was a great deal of 
talk in these days about a reduction of the liours of lahour, but he was convinced that unless 
the Prince of Wales was unsparing in the discharge of his important duties, many interests 
would suffer, and that he worked longer hours than most gentlemen occupying a high position 
in life in the British Empire. (Applause.) The Princess of Wales had endeared herself ta 
the hearts of the people of this realm — (applause) — aud he did not know that any more 
popular lady lived in this country, with the exception of the Queen, than Her Boyal Highness 
the Princess of Wales. If ever the time came, and probably it would arrive, when the Prince 
and Princess of Wales were called to take upon themselves the arduous and important affairs 
of the State, he was quite sure they would prove themselves fully equal to the occasion, for 
the excellent example set before them by the Queen could not have failed to impress itself 
upon their minds. (Applause.) The other members of the Boyal Family endeavoured to do 
their duty, and the inhabitants of this realm were proud of them. (Applause.) 

The Becordeb of Derby, who was cordially greeted, said he was fortunate that night in 
having, next to the loyal sentiments so well expressed by the Mayor, the first toast to propose 
— by virtue, he supposed, of the position he occupied in relation to this borough. He was 
fortunate in that respect, because his mind was at once relieved of anxiety. (Laughter.) 
He was fortunate also in being restricted to time by one who was a '* past master " in the art 
of post-prandial speaking, and he was fortunate also in that he knew very little about the 
subject of his toast. (Bene wed laughter.) Having closely examined his pedigree with 
reference to the duty allotted to him of proposing this toast — that of ** The Army, Navy, 
and Beserve Forces " — he could discover no further family connection with the forces therein 
mentioned than the fact that his grandfather possessed a yeomanry sword. ^Much laughter.) 
He was unfortunate, however, in the comparison which might ensue from his own in 
competition with more practised efforts, for three paces to his right was one of the great 
orators of the time (Sir WiUiam Harcourt), whilst his next door neighbour (Sir F. Bramwell) 
was one of the most successful after-dinner speakers of the day. Too long would it take him 
to recite the history aud to recount the heroic deeds of our Army and Navy — they were not 
there to hear a history of their country, and that was what the history of those forces meant. 
The Army and the Navy had a glorious past, and he had no doubt they would have an equally 
glorious future. (Hear, hear.) The Beserve Forces had not at present had any practical 
opportunity of displaying their powers, but those of them who lived in London, at aU events, 
saw, Saturday by Saturday, the ability they displayed in manceuvring, and the good promise 
they gave of maintaining, should the necessity arise, the traditionary prowess of the forces 
with which they were allied. (Hear, hear.) Before he sat down, he should Hke, as the first 
speaker of the evening, to congratulate- -as he thought he had a right to congratulate — the 
town on the extreme success of the reception of Her Majesty the Queen. (Applause.) With 

60 Record of the QueevCs State VitU to Derby, 

some little experience of these pageants — of which he confessed, for the most part, he was 
not over fond — he never saw a town more beautifully decorated, nor the populace of a town 
— Radical as he knew it to be — (laughter and hear, hear) — and as he was glad it was — 
conduct itself in a more loyal manner. (Hear, hear.) He thought he might say, moreover, 
that there had been a thorough and hearty recognition of this fact by Her Majesty the Queen 
— who, with her successors, he prayed might long reign over them — a recognition that was 
alike gratifying to the Mayor and to the people of this town. (Loud applause.) 

Major- General Wilkinson (commanding the North-east District), in returning thanks, 
said he need hardly remind them that, whilst conscription— compulsory service — ^prevailed on 
the Continent, in England they were all volunteers. (Hear, hear.) Some of them 
volunteered to serve their Queen and country for the whole, or, at all events, for the greater 
part of their lives, whilst others, out of their busy lives, found time to undergo the training 
of the reserve forces, with the successful results that they had seen that day ; for the Militia, 
the Yeomanry, and the Volunteers, in the arduous tasks assigned to them that day, had done 
their duty in a singularly efficient manner. (Applause.) He returned his special and 
heartfelt thanks for the kind words which had been used by the Recorder, and for the cordial 
reception which had been accorded to the toast of " The Army and Navy." He knew that 
when serving the Queen in distant lands — and he had no doubt on distant seas also — the 
members of those forces read accounts of such gatherings as these with peculiar interest, and 
when they saw that they were kindly spoken of it was the very greatest pleasure to them. 
(Hear, hear.) They, as regulars, admired more than he could tell them the willingness and 
the efficiency of the auxiliary forces, and were fully persuaded that, if the necessity should 
arise, every man in those forces would take his share in the defence of the British nation and 
of the glorious Empire to which they belonged. (Cheers.) 

Colonel JBuchanan, J.P. (in the regrettable absence of Colonel Lprd Burton), also 
returned thanks, and said he should like, as Colonel of the Volunteers, to say how greatly 
they appreciated the Mayor *s kindness in arranging for them to assemble in such large 
numbers to do honour to the Queen, whom they all loved and honoured so much. (Hear, 
hear.) The senior force, the Yeomanry Cavalry, had been present in the streets that day, 
and he regretted the unavoidable absence of their colonel. They, as Volunteers, were 
anxious to do what honour they could to Her Majesty the Queen, and he ventured to say 
that the words just spoken by the commanding officer of this division (General Wilkinson) 
would not be forgotten by those to whom they referred. (Hear, hear.) There was no praise 
they liked so much as that which was bestowed by experienced officers of the regular army, 
who knew so well what they ought to be, and their hearty commendation was the greatest 
acknowledgment they could possibly have. (Hear, hear.) On behalf of the Volunteers, he 
heartily congratulated the Mayor upon the great success of everything that had taken place 
that day, knowing, as they did, that His Worship had set his mind upon what was best for 
the people of this town, and had right nobly accomplished it. (Applause.) 

Mr. Alderman Bemrose, J.P. — whose opening words, " Sir Alfred Haslamy my lords, and 
gentlemen," was received with loud cheers (this being the first public intimation of the title 
which the Queen had conferred on the Mayor) — said that, fitly following tbe other great 
institutions which had been toasted, he had the honour to propose *' The Bishops and Clergy, 
and Ministers of all Denominations " — a recognition of the great principle that religion must 
be the foundation of the constitution of an ideal State, and the source alike of the govern- 
ment and of the greatness of their country. (Hear, hear.) To the sanctity of their office, to 
the extent of their labours, and to the Christ-like character of their work he paid a cordial 
tribute, remarking that, in these respects, they set a noble example, which we should do well 
to follow. The presence of the Queen that day, the remembrance of the life Her Majesty 
had lived, and the principles she had maintained, as well also as the exalted position which 
she held, under God, in relation to this country, forced ou them the conviction that religion 
was the very essence of their constitution and of their being, and that no State could prosper 
which did not recognise, in religion, a power superior to its own. (Hear, hear.) From this 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 61 

recognition sprung the stability of their constitntion and the blessings which, as Englishmen, 
they enjoyed. By this had the greatness of their country been established, and it would be 
continued by the same means. (Cheers.) 

The. Bishop op Debbt, who was received with applause, said he wished to follow His 
Worship's orders, and to he exceedingly brief. He must first say, however, how sorry he 
was that the Bishop of Southwell was unable to be present that night, and how sincerely his 
lordship regretted that he was compelled to return home by engagements which he could 
not possibly put off. With reference to the eloquently expressed sentiments of Mr. Bemrose, 
he trusted that they might take them as true, and as felt by all. (Hear, hear.) There was 
no body of men who worked harder to promote the great principles to which that gentleman 
had referred — religion as the foundation of the nation's constitution, and of the sanctity of 
home life — than the bishops, clergy, and ministers of all denominations. (Hear, hear.) 
That day they had met to express their loyalty and to express the highest instinct of 
Christian people — that of charity — and he was sure both were happily knit together in the 
presence of Her Majesty the Queen. (Hear, hear.) In conclusion, he felt he should be 
doing no more than expressing their general feeling, when he said how heartily he thanked 
Almighty God that they had been spared any serious accident — (hear, hear) — for His 
Worship's anxiety on that point must have been necessarily great — (near, hear) — and that 
the memorable proceedings of that day had passed off without any use of the Infirmary at all. 
(Laughter and applause.) 

The Bev. John Haslam said he had much pleasure in responding on behalf of the 
ministers of the Free Churches. The form in which the toast was printed and the language 
of the mover of the toast, showed that the Free Churches were recognised as Churches of 
Christ, and their pastors as ministers as truly as the clergy were. There was a distinction, 
and he did not desire to minimise it. All that he claimed for his brethren was that their 
conscientiousness should be conceded, and that whilst the position of a clergyman had great 
advantages, their position as the chosen pastors of free communities had its advantages also. 
It was well to meet, as they were met, on neutral ground. If they only knew each other 
better, they would respect each other the more, and an intimate knowledge could not be 
gained except by personal contact. (Cheers.) Differences would then be welcomed as signs 
of health. Any way, as the Bishop of Bipon once said, '' Hollow and insincere agreement 
was infinitely worse than honest difierences of judgment." (Cheers.) Where men were free 
to think there would be diversity, and he claimed that freedom without apology. The man 
who had to apologise for his trade, or his politics, or his religion, depend upon it had not 
much that was worth apologising for. (Cheers.) No man could ever speak with power 
unless he uttered his convictions, and no man could ever accomplish much in the world 
unless he had love for his work, and confidence in its ultimate success. (Cheers.) As a native 
of Derby, he regarded it as a great honour to speak on that occasion, but he should feel 
humiliated if he did not acknowledge his indebtedness for all he was, and for the influence he 
had exerted, to the home in which he was reared, and the principles in which he was trained. 
Nothing during bis life had affected him so much as the references made by all the speakers 
when the Mayor was installed, to his honoured father. It showed how good men influenced 
society after they were dead, and he was sure his brother would also say that he owed his 
character and his success largely to the sacrifices of an honoured father, who lived for his 
children, and whose memory is blessed. (Loud applause.) Turning again to the toast, he 
said there was no nobler name than minister. This he illustrated by a reference to the 
minister in ** Jessica's First Prayer." The most Christ-like mlan was the man who served, 
who ministered, who craved the deepest wisdom, the clearest knowledge, the firmest &ith, 
the brightest hope, the most intense love, not for himself, but that thereby he might render 
the most effective service, that he might be perfected to minister. (Cheers.) It would be a 
dark day for England when any other type of life was exalted above this. Beligion bound 
men' to God, and therefore to each other. Faith in God led to faith in man. Where there 
was no faith there must be disintegration, (Cheers.) Some of them had seen this 

62 Record of tlie Queen's Visit to Derby, 

illustrated in France. Voltaire's teaching led to the Beign of Terror, the Bloody Bevolution, 
and they could read now on the blackened ruins, ghastly monuments of anarchy, liberty — which 
meant license, equality — which meant degradation at its lowest level, fraternity — the fraternity 
of rampant passion. We heard the same words in England, but the revolution was a 
peaceful one. The claims of God had been honoured — man had been elevated as God's 
children, and therefore brothers, precious because for them Christ died. We owe the 
difference largely to the influence of a pure and self-denying Christianity, to ministers of 
religion. In closing he pleaded for more of this spirit of ministry — ^large- hearted philan- 
thropy — mutual help, brotherly service ; for infinite is the help that man can give to man. 

Mb. Chables Thomas, the deputy-chairman of the Midland Bailway Co., proposed the 
" Houses of Lords and Commons." He expressed his deep regret that the sad event which 
had deprived the Cavendish family of one of its membeirs, had prevented the Marquis of 
Hartington from taking the prominent part which had been allotted to him in the day's 
proceedings. He next alluded to the important position which the House of Lords took with 
regard to the legislative enactments of this country, and said that the representative assembly 
which gathered in the House of Commons devoted a vast amount of time and attention to 
the interests of this country. He hoped that Parliament would continue to act in the same 
constitutional way that it hitherto had done for many centuries to come. (Applause.) 

The Earl of Habrington, whose name had been coupled with the toast, was applauded 
on rising to respond. He said much had been said by a previous speaker about his fortune 
and also his misfortune in replying to the toast allotted to him. He (Lord Harrington) was 
in a peculiarly unfortunate position, because he felt that every word he spoke would be a 
word too many. (**No, no," and laughter.) He knew that they would like him to be as 
brief as possible, because an illustrious statesman was to follow him ; and he could not enter 
into politics, because he had a friend ou his left with whom he should not like to cross swords. 
(Laughter.) He would, therefore, content himself by thanking the company, on behalf of the 
House of Lords, for the heartiness with which they had drunk the toast, and would leave the 
remainder of it to his friend on the left. (Laughter.) 

Sm William Harcoubt, M.P., also responded to the toast. He said that if he had any 
claim by the favour of that town to call himself a representative of Derby, in that capacity 
he begged leave to offer his congratulations and those of the people to the Mayor on the 
events of that day. That day would be a memorable epoch in the history of Derby. He 
(Sir WiUiam) had occasion to know how rarely it was, that with all the great duties that 
devolved upon the Queen, she was able to favour any town as she had favoured Derby. 
(Cheers.) It was due in no small degree to the Mayor's unwearied exertions that Derby had 
been able to receive the Sovereign in the manner in which it had done on that occasion. 
(Cheers.) His friend the Becorder had spoken of the political sentiments of the people of the 
town, and he said '* though they were what they were that the demonstration had been loyal." 
The Becorder made one mistake — he ought to have said it was becmise the people were what 
they were that the demonstration had been so loyal. (Applause and laughter.) The party to 
which he belonged claimed an historical and traditional interest in the history of the House 
of Hanover, and he could not forget, as the representative of Derby, that it was in that town 
the Pretender to the throne turned his back and fled. And therefore Derby had claim to a 
peculiar position in respect to its loyalty to the House of Hanover. (Cheers.) Lord Harring- 
ton had spokeq for the House of Lords. He (Sir William) always recognised that that House 
had superior qualifications to the House to which he belonged. (Laughter, and hear, hear.) 
It consisted of superior beings — (laughter) — who were able to transact the affairs of the 
nation in an extremely brief space of time — in a time which never interfered with their repose, 
and seldom interrupted their digestion. (Laughter.) Therefore he (Sir William) spoke as 
one belonging to an inferior order of beings, and what he had to say and what he was called 
upon to say was for the House of Commons. He could not, however, speak of the House of 
Commons except under a sense of the calamity which had befallen them all in the death of 

Eecord of the Queen's Visit to Derby, 68 

one of his coUeagnes. It was to all a public loss, and to many in that room, as it was to him, 
(Sir William) the loss of a dear personal friend. Those who knew Lord Edward Cavendish, 
and there were many present who both knew and loved him, were aware that he was a man 
of a singularly simple and single-minded character. If he (Sir William) had to describe 
him he should say he was one of the best and truest of friends, and was one of the 
kindest and most lovable human beings he (the speaker) had ever known. They 
all felt in Derby and in Derbyshire that they had sustained a great loss, and they 
felt the deepest sympathy with that family which for so many generations had been 
of great distinction in the county. They felt for the Duke of Devonshire and for Lord 
Hartington. (Hear, hear.) It had seldom happened to a father to lose two such sons, and 
it was a heavy burden to any brother who had lost two such brothers in such a space of time. 
He had too much respect for that assembly, and too much feeling on the subject to which he 
had alluded to detain them long. The House of Lords which he had spoken of had one 
advantage in transacting its affairs, because that body — all of them or most of them — 
were all of the same mind on the same subject. (Laughter.) That, unfortunately, or 
fortunately, was not the case with the Commons. They knew that the history of the 
country had been made and fashioned by party government. He would not then discuss 
whether that was a good system, but it was the system at least under which the history of 
England had been made. He claimed that the House of Commons was the first representa- 
tive institution in the world. (Cheers.) Whatever might be thought and said about that 
assembly, they had a right to say it was the House of Commons in past ages and in present 
times that had made and moulded the English nation. It was a body which, whatever might 
be its defects, had solved the problem of reconciling liberty with order ; it was a body which 
had known how to maintain loyalty to the Throne, and at the same time to vindicate the 
freedom of the people. (Cheers.) That was a difficult task to perform, and it was a task 
which for generations past — and he hoped for generations yet to come — the British House of 
Commons would continue to accomplish. The House of Commons was a body, whatever 
might be said of it, that remained, and would always remain, the mainspring of the Constitu- 
tion — which was being the support of the Throne and the vindicator of the rights of the 
people. In that light and in that respect it had been a great force, and would for all time, 
he believed, be an example and a hope to mankind. (Cheers.) 

Thb Mayor at this point announced that he had just received a telegram from Normanton, 
saying that Her Majesty had arrived there, and that all had passed off well. (Loud cheers.) 
He then said that the next toast on the list was that of ** The Health of the Duke of Devon- 
shire, Lord Lieutenant of the County and Lord High Steward of the Corporation." He, 
however, thought that in view of the general loss experienced in the death of Lord Edward, 
it would be the truest compliment to the Duke of Devonshire to drink the toast in silence. 

The toast was drunk with great reverence and in perfect silence. 

Sib Fbbdbbick Brahwell submitted the toast of *' The Mayor, Corporation, and Borough 
Magistrates." He said he had known Derby for fifty years, and had watched its growth with 
a very great amount of interest. He could not help feeling that this growth and its 
accompanying prosperity were due in no small degree to the good government of the town, 
and he thought that at that present moment it was as well governed as it ever had been 
during any previous period of its history. (Applause.) As the hour was growing late he 
would not detain them with any further remarks, but would ask them to drink to the health 
of Sir Alfred Haslam and the Corporation and Magistrates of Derby. (Applause.) 

The toast was drunk with enthusiasm, and followed by musical honours. 

Thb Mayob, who was received with applause, again and again renewed, said he rose 
with very mingled feeUngs to respond to the toast. They had just told him that he was 
"a hearty good fellow." Well, he could only say that he had endeavoured to faithfully 
perform his duty. When they elected him to the high position of Mayor and Chief Magistrate 
on the previous 9th of November, he promised to do the best he could to promote the 

64 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

interest and prosperity of this good old borough. He had been guided by the desire con- 
veyed in that promise, and if he bad given satisfaction to the town at large that was a 
reward that he was proud to receive. (Applause.) He had before him the example of many 
worthy men who had filled the office of Mayor and Chief Magistrate of Derby in past years, 
and when he glanced at the past history of the borough he considered that the inhabitants 
had been exceedingly fortunate in having had many excellent mayors at the head of its 
municipal affairs. (Applause.) There were present gentlemen to whom his remarks aptly 
applied, and he could mention fieimilies, such as the Strutts, who had taken a very deep interest 
in the affairs of the Infirmary and the town in the past years. (Applause.) He had also in 
his memory the admirable example set by their late revered friend —Mr. Bass — (cheers) — 
while the whole country had before it the glorious example set by the House of Cavendish. 
(Applause.) There were numerous instances of the deep interest taken in the county by 
members of that illustrious House for many generations — an interest which was still as 
vigorous as ever. (Applause.) Therefore, if he and those who succeeded him in the civic 
chair only looked back upon past history, they had plenty to inspire them to follow in the 
glorious steps of their predecessors, and in doing so they would deserve well of their town 
and county. (Applause.) He was proud to see around him so representative a body of his 
fellow-townsmen, who had rallied round him most earnestly, and he was quite convinced 
that, unless they had given him their most cordial co-operation and support, he could not 
have brought the ceremonial of that day to a successful issue. (Applause.) He thanked one 
and all present, as well as those absent, for the assistance they had rendered him, and was 
proud to say that the Corporation had maintained their well-earned reputation. (Applause.) 
He could not allow that occasion to pass without a reference to the Midland Railway 
Company. From the very first time that he approached them with regard to this auspicious 
occasion he had received from them the greatest consideration and the most valuable help. 
From Mr. Paget, t^e Chairman, and Mr. Noble, the General Manager, down to the lowest 
official, he had received great courtesy and most efficient help, and desired to return his 
hearty thanks to those gentlemen. (Applause.) One other compliment he had to bestow, 
and that was to the able manager of the catering department of that excellent railway 
system — he meant Mr. William Towle — whose arrangements certainly could not be surpassed. 
(Applause.) Mr. Towle had made his way in the past, and had not only achieved a 
position of distinction, but had also maintained it. (Applause.) With regard to the 
observations of Sir F. Bramwell, he (the Mayor) could only say that if he had done anything 
to merit the approval of his colleagues and the town, he was quite satisfied, although he did 
not feel that he had done more than his duty to the Queen, to his coimtry, and to his native 
town. (Applause.) No man, however, could possibly have a greater reward than the inner 
consciousness of having done his duty. (Applause.) He concluded by saying the 
Corporation did their best to promote the welfare of the town, and he believed they would 
always be actuated by the same motive. (Applause.) 

Mr. Aldbbman Bob, M.P., submitted the toast of " The Visitors." He said the Mayor 
could not fail to be highly delighted at seeing so many visitors amongst his guests, and the 
number would have been greater had not the prevailmg epidemic of influenza made such 
ravages among his numerous friends and well-vrishers. (Applause.) He coupled vnth the 
toast the names of Mr. E. S. Norris, M.P., and the Mayor of Lincoln (Mr. Edwin Pratt). 
(Applause.) Nobody was more pleased than himself to see their old townsman and friend, 
Mr. Edwin Pratt, in their midst. (Applause.) All who knew him would sincerely 
congratulate him upon serving the office of Mayor of Lincoln for a second term, knowing that 
in the future, as well as in the past, he would perform the duties with dignity, ability, and 
efficiency. (Applause.) 

Mb. E. S. Nobbis, M.P., in responding, said the visitors had been most warmly received 
and hospitably entertained. He congratulated the Mayor — the chief Magistrate of this great 
town — upon the dignity and success of the day's ceremonial, and thanked the Corporation for 
their hospitality. It was a great honour and compliment to have received a visit from Her 

Record of the QueerCt State Visit to Derby. 

Majesty the Queen, especially in connection witJi one of those movements in which she was 
so deeply interested. (Applause.) The re -establishment of the Infirmary was a work of great 
importance, and would donbtless be sapported by all who valued such noble inatitutions. 
(Applause.) The event of that day would form a memorable period in the borough of Dertiy, 
and the visitors would return to their respective homes impressed with the loyalty and 
hospitality of Derby, and anxious for its continued growth and prosperity. (Applause.) 

The Mayor of Lincoln, who was very cordially received, also responded. He said it was 
very difficult for him, as a native of Derby, to realise that he was now only a visitor. He 
coald not, hoivever, help remembering that in the town of his birth he was for more than a 
quarter of a century actively connected with its municipal life and government. As a visitor 
he desired to offer to (he Mayor his sincere and hearty congratulations upon the honour that 
day bestowed upon him— (applause) — and he could truthfully say that no one had more 
fully deserved such a recognition from his Sovereign. (Applause.) He remembered that he 
(Mr. Pratt) had been identified with two previous Royal visits to Derby, and on both those 
occasions the town had the good fortune to have at the head of its municipal affaire 
gentlemen whose princely liberality and great energy produced such successful issues to those 
important events. (Applause.) 

This concluded the toast list, and the gathering then dispersed. 

66 Record of the Qtieen*8 State Visit to Derby, 



We remember to have read a description of a great Italian Carnival, iu which 
the writer's store of adjectives was somewhat restricted, for he could get no further in the 
matter of terms than gorgeous pageant, gorgeous ceremonial, and gorgeous equipages. The 
effect of the illuminations after the veil of night had flELllen over Derby, on Thursday night, 
May 21st, may be epitomised as *' gorgeous," but even that is vexing in its completeness, and 
one would rather be inclined to adopt the ejaculation of our old friend Dominie Sampson, and 
exclaim " Prodigious ! '' At any rate the display which the Corporation, the Midland Railway 
Company, and the citizens of Derby generally, had for several days been preparing, could not 
truthfully be alluded to in any other but the superlative degree. The arrangements in many 
cases included novelties, and in no single instance could the effort to add lustre to the scene be 
considered in any way to have approached failure. From at least three positions on the 
fioyal route the spectacle would bear comparison with all we have read, or heard, or seen. of 
the great festivals abroad, or even the much-vaunted Jubilee illuminations of the Metropolis : 
the effects being marvels of magnificence, revels of brilliancy, feasts of lanterns. Some 
judges might be inclined to aver that, if you put the Town Hall and Free Library together, 
the efforts of the Corporation would (in the young-man-of-the-period phraseology) " take the 
Huntley and Palmer;" but we imagine that not a few discriminating spectators mentally 
inscribed their verdict, facile princepSf across the Midland Railway Station front. One of the 
finest effects at the Station might be said t6 consist of the huge revolving wheel in the centre 
of the grand front, in which the hub thereof, which remained stationary, was surrounded by 
two huge glittering circles revolving in opposite directions. Flanked and surmounted and sup- 
ported as this was by fifteen or sixteen large devices in scintillating crystals, and surrounded 
by string-courses of Bengal lamps, with green connective festoons of the latter looped up by 
ruby tassels, a totU ensemble was achieved, which was in every way unique. If to this be 
added the large designs and lamp lines on the Midland Hotel, and the grifBns, and stars, 
and crowns on the other Midland property in Station Street, we may be considered to have 
committed to paper only an inadequate notion of a spectacle to which might very well be 
applied the hackneyed phrase, *' better imagined than described." The various hotels in 
Midland Road seemed in friendly rivalry to vie with each other in the effectiveness or 
novelty of their contributions to the blaze of luminosity in which the struggling masses of 
humanity, during Thursday evening. May 2l8t, spent many hours in wandering up and down. 
It rested with Mr. W. W. Winter to introduce a feature in photographic illumination, 
which attracted a very numerous company — ^viz., the projection, on a transparency, of a 
number of views by the aid of a large camera. London Road, by reason of the sparsity 
of habitations, was in comparative darkness, nevertheless some very pretty effects were 
accomplished by means of Chinese lanterns, crystal devices, aud Bengal lamps, while 
near Trinity Church a large spreading tree was charmingly delineated by means of 
fairy lamps hung among the tender leaflets. Passing down Londou and St. Peter's Streets, 

liecord of the Queen's ^tate Visit to Derby, B7 

and the Corn Market, the illaminations increased in volume and brilliancy; one or 
two items were none the less meritorious because they were old friends, while in at least a 
single case there was exhibited a dual desire to do honour to the great occasion and to 
advertise the business. The narrowness of the Wardwick to a certain extent prevented an 
adequate appreciation of the marvellous results of the treatment of the Free Library, which 
was admirably seconded by the Gas Company a little further on. No prettier object could be 
imagined than the former building with every outline, angle, quoin, and string course picked 
out in lamps of diflferent hues — green, white, yellow, ruby, and violet. Here, too, electricity 
came in, and the combined effect was decidedly dazzling. In the Market Place the principal 
feature was of course the Town Hall, which, though of'a diametrically opposite style of 
architecture, was treated similarly to the Free Library ; and with at least rivalling success. 
So Seut we have endeavoured to give an epitomised general idea of the illuminations them- 
selves ; but they constituted only half the scene, whiqh was considerably heightened by the 
waving of flags and banners, the perpetually changing and swinging and wriggling festoons 
of greenery and artificial flowers, which were ever and anon brought out in sharp relief 
against the dark sky and comparative gloom of some side streets. Add to tins the roadway 
and sidewalks densely packed with a struggling sea of humanity, whose pale faces were 
always turned towards the light, and the continuous streams of carriages, cabs, and vehicles 
of all kinds requisitioned for the special service, and some notion may be gathered of the 
scene in the streets from the time daylight went out up to midnight. Not the least con- 
gratulatory part of the business of the day was the absolute refusal of the populace to allow 
their ardour to be damped by the rain, which spat with spiteful persistency upon them 
during the proceedings. Fun and good humour were the order of the day and night, 
throughout which the hilarity of the good old town of Derby rose higher until, like 
&ir Middlesex Mashem on his wedding mom, it attained a condition of "delirious delight,*' 
of " rollicking rapture,*' which refused to be modified until the advent of heavy rain about 
midnight sent most folk home and to bed. 

The illuminations in the town — those of the Town Hall, Free Library, and Midland 
Railway Station and Hotel, being the chief centres of attraction — were continued on the 
following Friday and Saturday evenings, and, notwithstanding the damp and cold, were 
visited, until midnight, by large crowds of appreciative and orderly people. The 
illuminations at the Mayor's residence on the Duffield Boad were continued during 
the following week. Notwithstanding the extension of the hours of licensed houses, in 
order to enable the people inspecting the illuminations to obtain refreshments, on both 
Thursday and Friday nights, the streets were singularly quiet, and almost entirely free 
from drunkenness and disorderly behaviour. 

68 Becord of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 


The only part of the railway station in regard to which there was any attempt at 
decoration consisted of the particular portion of the down platform at which the Boval train 
was arranged to arrive. The remainder of the station was left severely alone. Though few 
surfaces permit of more effective or more elaborate decoration than a large railway station 
with its multitudinous girders, and bars, and rods, each of which serve as an additional point 
from which to add something to the general display, yet in this case the mere fact that so 
large a portion of the station remained unadorned by a solitary banner served to show up the 
effect of that particular section to which the hand of the decorator had been applied. As 
already stated, this portion was only of limited extent. It stretched from the Directors* Boom 
either way for a distance more or less of twenty -five yards, and, under the directions of 
Mr. Pettifor, the chief of the Stores Department, this individual part of the platform had 
been made to assume an appearance of considerable gaiety and picturesqueness. The first 
building entered by Her Majesty the Queen after leaving the Boyal train was the Directors' 
Boom at the station, through which she passed in order to reach the Boyal Beception and 
Betiring Booms. The entrance, therefore, was decorated so as to hide the sombre appearance 
of an ordinary brick wall and doorway. The doorway was draped very effectively in a light 
material of red and blue. The window by which it is flanked on the right, and the entrance 
to the stationmaster's ofiSce on the left, were each draped with a crimson cloth, and had on 
the whole a very bright effect. Along the gallery above a more elaborate decoration 
extended, formed of a draping of crimson cloth with blue and white festooned reliefs, and 
extending over the whole distance of about fifty yards. Immediately over the doorway 
leading through the Directors' Boom to the floral corridor was the Boyal Standard, 
emblazoned on a large and beautiful shield, whilst throughout the decorations, shields and 
trophies of flags had been fixed at short intervals, some of the shields bearing in small 
figures the emblazonments of the Boyal Standard, others the motto of the Order of the 
Qarter, and others conventional designs of a very chkste and harmonious character, whilst 
from the ironwork of the roof, within the section selected for decorative treatment, hung 
banners and bannerets, which imparted a very pleasing tout ensemble. Of course the station 
officials had to bear in mind the convenience of the ordinary passenger traffic. In order, 
therefore, to create as little crushing and impediment as possible on the stairways leading 
to and from the various platforms, it had been decided to board up the bridges and so cover 
up the various staircases as to prevent any person seeing Her Majesty from that point of 
vantage. This arrangement minimised the danger of passengers waiting upon the bridges 
and the stairs to the lowest degree, and most effectually carried out the object for which it 
was designed. 


Somewhat resembling an arbour, in which the imagination of the gardener, the painter , 
and the decorator combined to produce a light and beautiful retreat, was the Floral 
Corridor through which Her Majesty passed from the station to the Bojal Beception Boom, 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 69 

and from the Boyal Beception Boom to the Boyal carriage. The corridor was a light and 
beautiful retreat, formed in the shape of a palm house or aviary, and, as we have said, 
leading from the station buildings outwards. It consisted of light bays or spans of equal 
proportions, and at the junction of each was an arrangement of lattice work, among and 
about which roses, interspersed with rose leaves, springing out of the supports, were inter- 
twined with all the art of the landscape gardener's craft. The architect of the corridor had 
certainly succeeded in producing a most pleasing and graceful effect by the use of the most 
commonplace materials of poles and latbs, which is in truth no empty compliment, for 
on such occasions as these the man who with small materials can build up a temporary 
superstructure of beauty is the man who is wanted. The lattice work at the inter- 
sections of the bays gave a most pleasing effect to the corridor itself, and afforded the 
means of the most graceful display, while it formed a support to the canvas roof 
with which the corridor was covered in. The sides of the awning were formed of canvas, 
arranged in alternate panels of white and sage green, the white being box pleated with 
green stripes, and the effect being in entire harmony with the flesh-tinted roses growing 
from the supports and the vari-coloured flowers which were lavishly used in the decotations. 
Through the centre of the corridor ran a raised wooden platform some eight feet in width, 
and leading away to the right was the approach to the reception-room. Bight and left of 
this raised way, and springing from the sides, werp flower boxes filled with hot-house flowers 
and plants and shrubs, the boxes striking out at each one of the supports into octagonal form 
round the base, so as to provide additional and ample room for covering the pillars with floral 
wealth of green and colour as required. Between the raised way and the flower boxes were 
gravel beds, in the which at short intervals, so as to fill in the intervening spaces between 
the supports, had been planted various varieties of evergreen shrubs, which certainly had the 
effect of imparting a life-like and natural air to the whole place. The centre way was covered 
with crimson cloth, reaching close up to the decorated sides ; and from the centre of each 
bay was suspended an electric light in the form of a bronze bell. The corridor was designed 
by Mr. Trubshaw, the architect to the Midland Bailway Company, and the floral decorations 
were provided by Mr. Cooling, of the Mile Ash Nurseries, who found himself much 
embarrassed by the lateness and coldness of the season in finding a sufficiency of excellent 
shrubs and plants to enable him adequately to carry out these decorations ; but no one who 
saw the almost wonderful wealth of bloom which was displayed all over the corridor could 
deny that he had been able, with all his difficulties, to furnish a most effective and beautiful 
display. It would be almost impossible to enumerate the many rich and rare specimens of 
floriculture which he brought together. In one bay there was a profusion of geranium 
flowers, varying in shade and differing in hue, but displaying all the depth and richness of 
colouring of these species. In the next bay were the cupressus aurea, interspersed with 
margueritas, and magnificent specimens of the spirea japonica and the spirea palnuUa ; while 
in other bays were fine plants of the order of the pelargonium, the cineraria^ the hydrangea 
portenaus, with the commoner rhododendron, the fuchsias, and the forget-me-not, interspersed 
with fine examples of the bamboo and beautiful plants of the Chinese maple. The whole 
provided a floral display which was much and deservedly admired. 

Record of th^ Queen's State Visit to Derby. 71 


The Reading Room ordinarily used by the clerks at the station had undergone a 
metamorphosis so complete as to render it one of the most beautiful and airy apartments one 
could conceive. It is no exaggeration to say that the art of the upholsterer and the decorator 
had done wonders. From a somewhat sombre apartment, surrounded with equally sombre 
adjuncts, we found the place transformed into an apartment light in character, with a 
gossamer sort of air about it, and possessing all the charm and attraction of a modem 
drawing room. Every particle of the old had given place to the new, and a more effectual 
hiding away of all that could offend the sight was surely never accomplished. The room 
itself in dimensions extends for about forty-five feet in length, and about twenty-four feet in 
width. To begin with, it stands on the right-hand side of the open space lying between the 
station buildings and the hotel, and is immediately contiguous to and adjoining the directors' 
rooms. In order to connect the clerks' room, that is the Royal Reception Room, with ' 
the directors* room, through which Her Majesty passed from the station, had been con- 
structed the floral corridor already described. On entering the Reception Room one was 
immediately struck with the air of richness with which everything about it was invested. 
As you walked through the doorway you were directed right or left by a semi-circular hand- 
railing, branching out in both directions in the form of the two outer feathers in the Prince 
of Wales* plume, behind which the Queen's attendants stood as Her Majesty passed through 
the entrance way. The upholstery of the place was rich and beautiful in the extreme. The 
doorway leading from the corridor stood out in the richness of its draperies among the floral 
decorations of the wall. The entrance was placed about half-way along the corridor between 
the station buildings and the Midland Hotel, and was hung with a pair of rich and handsome 
chenille portiere curtains, and^ draped with satin, terra-cotta in shade, arranged in small 
festoons. On either side of the short path leading from the central way to the Reception 
Room, the most beautiful of the floral decorations were massed, and gave the comer an 
appearance which stood out in contrast almost even with the general beauty of the enclosure. 
The entire appearance of the room, when viewed from the outside, was one of ease and 
comfort, united to richness and taste. The walls were covered with pleated draperies in 
cream-coloured satin, relieved with old gold satin decorations. Along the side of the wall, 
opposite the entrance, were ten panels, each of which was filled in with pleated draperies, 
arranged to fall in perpendicular folds, the division between the panels being formed by 
handsome cretonne draperies. The end walls were in like manner divided into three panels, 
the centre one being double the width of the others, so as to allow for the fire-grate at the 
one end, and the entrance to the Royal Retiring Room in the corresponding panel at the 
other end of the room. The ceiling was also draped with similarly coloured satin material, 
intersected with old gold ornamentation ; aud the room was lighted by two windows, which 
were draped with cretoune and festooned draperies. Artificial light was provided by two 
electric lamps hanging from the ceiling. The glass pendants were of a colour to match the 
decorations of the room, and were richly and beautifully chased, so as to diminish as £ar as 
possible any glare from the light. 

Record of tlie Queen's StaU Visit to Derby, 

Taming to the faniitaTe of the apartment, it was difficult to select for special commenda- 
tion a particular object where all was uniformly excellent. As we have already said, though 
richnesa and taate have without doubt been the dominant idea in the mind of Messrs. Gillow 
in fumishmg the room, yet they had not altogether overlooked the comfort which is always an 
important element, however mncb the eye may be turned to the general effect. And so the 
various artielea of furniture had been chosen with a dne regard as well to their usefulness as 
their beauty in design and workmanship. There were chairs in the Queen Anne, the 
GhippeadaJe, and the French styles of malie, all of them beautiful, and all of them costly. 
Some of the ladies who were permitted to view the apartment, and to receive some account 
of the various objects of interest contained therein, seemed to be as much impressed with the 
costliness of th« things as with their merits as works of the cabinet maker's art ; bnt all were 

The Qubin'h Chub. 

united in the opinion that the particular chair set apart for Her Majesty's use after her long 
journey was a model of comfort as of elegance. This chair, known as one of Gillow's 
Worthing chairs, was constructed in the form of a gentleman's ordinary easy chair, 
upholstered in silk tapestry with rolls of plush and borders, trimmed with heavy tassel binge 
and cord to match the general decoration of the room, and was the embodiment of comfort and 
ease. The room contained, in addition, all the beautiful objects which of late years especiall7 
have come to he regarded as essentials to a well -appointed- drawing-room. Handsome 
Japanese cabinets, rich in the quality of wood of which they were made, as in the Inlaying 
work and the brass mountings, were placed here and there along the wall ; while cabinets in 
rosewood with ivory inlays, of ebony inlaid with lighter woods, of rosewood inlaid with 
satinwood, and various other designs stood in convenient comers, and added immensely to 

Record of the Queen's State Vidt to Derby, 78 

the general appearance of comfort and luxorj. Over the mantelpiece was a magnificent 
bevelled mirror, enclosed in a frame of inlaid ebony surmounted by a velvet-plush bordering 
in crimson. The remainder of the chairs, of which there were at least a dozen, were heavily 
gilt in the French style, covered with rich silk upholstery. The floor was covered with blue 
felting overlaid with Persian rugs of beautiful design and richest materials ; and the recesses 
of the room were rich in beautiful Japanese urns and screens, and various articles of bijouterie 
and vertu gave a finish and a charm to a beautiful apartment. 

It will no doubt interest our readers to know that though the celebrated firm of Messrs. 
Gillow and Co. came to fit up the rooms for Her Majesty's reception, yet the. stoves 
and all that belong to them were made in our town, and for correctness of design 
and quality of workmanship they could not be surpassed. It is certainly agreeable to find 
that in these days of cheap goods we have still amongst us those who are both willing and 
able to do such good and genuine work, which, while it reflects the highest credit on those 
who do it, still also adds to the credit of our town. The makers were The Derwent Foundry 
Go. (Messrs. Jobson), whose productions are to be found in all quarters of the world wherever 
the English fireplace is used, and who even in the most depressed times have always produced 
sound, substantial work which shall be lasting, rather than those cheap goods which are a 
credit to no one. 

The Stove in the Reception Boom was an " Abbotsford," and made entirely of cast brass, 
polished and chased in the most elaborate way in the style adopted by the Brothers Adam, 
who built Eedleston Hall, and other noble houses round about us. The tiles in the cheeks 
were painted by hand specially to match, and formed a panel complete of itself, relieved with 
festoons and scroll work. All the tiles in the hearth were also painted by hand, so that no 
expense had been spared to produce the finest effect obtainable. The fender was polished 
steel and brass. The tout ensemble was most elaborate and rich in effect without being over- 
done, and perfectly harmonised with all the rest of the fittings of the room without appearing 
too gorgeous or out of place. 


The Royal Retirii)g Room was reached from the Reception Room by a doorway which 
was fitted with a heavy brass portiere pole and a pair of beautiful Chinese curtains which 
separated the one apartment from the other and secured privacy. Inside the Retiring Room 
the furniture was of much the same character in construction as that in the Reception Room. 
The floor was covered with a rich Axminster square of a dark blue ground. The walls of 
the apartment were draped with a. light cretonne of beautiful design, festooned with blue 
satin decorations, and the ceiling was hung with similar material as was used in the Reception 
Room, but a different style was adopted, the pleating here being from a central rose, and 
radiating to the wall so as to form a sun-ray. The window was draped in blue satin, the 
decorations again taking the form of festooned hangings of the same material. The 
furniture in this room was partly Queen Anne in style and partly of a modem description, 
but was equally rich in the material and the workmanship, as was that in the Reception 
Room. It consisted of two very handsome washstands of the style of Queen Anne period 
and other articles of furniture to match, with several occasional tables of various design and 
character. The whole of the furniture and decorations were supplied by Messrs. Gillow and 
Co., of London, Liverpool, and Manchester. 

74 Record of the QueerCs State Visit to Derby, 

The stove in Her Majesty's Retiring Boom was also one of the celebrated '* Abbotsfords/* 
and was made of wrought brass, and by the old rejwtisse process. The design is in the style 
of Louis XY.i which at present is so much in vogue. The tiles, both in the sides and in the 
hearth, are laid in panels worked up in Portland cement, a kind of work which this firm 
have made a speciality for some years past. The side tiles were designed specially for this 
occasion, showing a promptitude and enterprise we are glad to notice. The fender in this 
case was also of polished steel, and relieved with brass, to match the grate ; and while the 
whole suite was just as elaborate as the one in the larger room, yet it was so entirely 
different in design that, were it not for the excellence of the work, it would hardly be 
supposed to have been produced by the same firm. 

The Queen's magnificent apartments were thrown open to the public, at a charge of 

Is. a head, on Friday and Saturday, May 22nd and 28rd, the result being that a substantial sum 

(amounting on the first day to about £25) was realised, and generously handed over to the 

Building Fund of the Infirmary. Altogether 1,200 people visited the rooms on the two 

days, and the handsome sum of £60, for the excellent object above mentioned, was realised. 


The decorations of the exterior of the Midland Railway Station buildings and the 
Midland Hotel had been entrusted to the care of Messrs. Defries and Sons, of Houndsditch, 
London ; and when it is mentioned that probably no other firm in existence has an equal 
experience in decorative work of this description, not only in this country but in almost every city 
of any magnitude throughout Europe, it will be unnecessary to go further, and to say that the 
work was most satisfactory. Yet such was the case. The Midland Railway Company seem to 
have desired to do their best to make their buildings attractive, and the decorators well 
seconded their efforts, the result being a mass of colour in the day time and a blaze of light 
in the evening, which formed an attraction and a delight to thousands. As would be seen 
at once by the observer, the general idea in the mind of Messrs. Defries and Sons was to cover 
the whole of the building as far as possible with trophies, crystals, devices, flags, and 
banners, and this was accomplished so as to carry out a tasteful design. Dealing first with 
the front of the station buildings, it would be seen that the columns forming the' entrance 
were enriched with numerous trophies of flags, each trophy supported by a shield bearing a 
device. This style of ornamentation was carried straight i^cross the lower wall ; but at each 
of the windows of the centre portion, and at each of the pillars forming the archways, a 
similar treatment was brought in, and so the ordinary brick frontage was greatly relieved and 
brightened. Over the cornice of the entrance to the station, and continued along from end 
to end of the outer wall, was a broad band of crimson cloth, bordered with heavy gold 
fringe, and festooned in design, each of the festoons being gathered iu the centre with 
a golden rose. This design was warm and cheerful, and did a great deal to reUeve the eye. 
Surmounting the central or main archway was a large crystal shield bearing the device of 
the Royal Standard. This shield was formed of decorated glass, and was surmounted with 
a large crown, and encompassed with laurel leaves set in green crystal on each side, and 
containing in addition the letters V.R. in crystal. In the sunlight these crystal devices 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 76 

shone with ever changing colour, while in the evening they lent an additional lustre and 
brilliancy to the illumination which enhanced in a great degree the general effulgence. On 
the left of this device was affixed a medallion under a crown bearing the words, " God Save 
the Queen/' and on the right was a similar medallion and crown, in the centre of which was 
a continuation and completion of the loyal wish expressed in its counterpart by the words, 
** Long may she reign." At the extreme right and left were two brilliant stars bearing the 
well-known motto of the order of the Garter, Honi soil qui mal y pense, while across and over 
the entrance were arranged festoons or garlands of green and ruby illumination lamps. 
The design of the arrangement of these lamps was to so place them that at the right 
and left extremities were the fleur de lis in appropriate colours (red, amber, and green). 
Proceeding to the main fa^de and still going upwards, the treatment increased in 
richness and elaboration. Underneath the row of windows which extend across the high 
portion of the building, was a garland formed of evergreens, so as to make the decoration in 
keeping with the archway and turrets on the right. This evergreen decoration was relieved 
with trophies and festoons of crimson draperies. The clock in the centre of the building 
was balanced on either side with trophies and shields and crystals, six in number, three of 
which bore the letters " V.B.,'' while one on the left and one on the right was enriched with 
the arms of the Borough of Derby, and on the remaining shield was a device of the Royal 
Standard. Over the clock came a crimson cloth adornment, and in the centre a magnificent 
and brilliant transparent star of coloured glass, 12 feet in diameter, formed of three 
separate circles, each revolving independently so as to produce a fine kaleidoscopic effect ; 
and over the head of this transparency was the word " Welcome " in Boman capitals, four 
feet long, also in brilliants edged with green ; this being in turn surmounted with a large 
and beautifully decorated medalUon surrounding the coat of arms of the Midland Railway 
Company, and through this ran up the flag-staff. Arrangements were made by the 
electrician to the Midland Railway Company for a special electrical connection between the 
platform and this fli^-staff, whereby on the arrival of the Queen the Royal Standard was 
immediately floating ii) the air, and formed a fitting triumph to the blaze of decorations 
with which the whole frontage of the station was adorned. 


Turning our attention to the Midland Hotel for a moment, the decorations at this spot 
were no less tasteful than were those on the station itself. Of course the open space between 
the two buildings .named was well and. completely occupied by the fine arch and supports 
afterwards described ; but when the hotel building was reached we again found evidence of 
careful design and skilful workmanship. The entrance to the building, and right across both 
wings, was covered with navy blue cloth tapestry, which, as in the case of the similar 
adornment of the station, was bordered with a heavy border of gold, and gathered into 
festoons surmounted by golden rosettes. This design formed the decoration over each of the 
two tiers of windows. Over the chief entrance was a large medallion surmounted with a 

76 Becord of the QueefCs State Visit to Derby^ 

crown, and bearing the words, " God Bless the Queen," with the monogram " V.R." 
interlaced in the centre, and resting upon a frame work of laurel leaves similar to that used 
in the decoration of the station buildings. Bight and left were two trophies of flags, one of 
which was supported by a shield bearing the coat of arms of the Borough of Derby, and the 
other by a similar shield containing another device. The principal part of the building was 
outlined in amber lights for illumination purposes, and in the framework so created were 
represented in crystal the letters "Y.B." at either end of the two wings of the hotel buildings, 
with a crystal star containing the motto of the Order of the Garter in the centre. The 
stars were connected to the central letters by garlands formed of green lamps terminating in 
Jleur de lis. It will probably have been observed with respect to the decorations of the Station 
Buildings and the Free Library, that Messrs. Defries' had adopted at these two places 
the very opposite modes of treatment employed in the illuminations. At the Free Library 
the most chaste style was selected, and not a line was out of place. At the Railway Station, 
consequent upon the very small space at disposal, every device that could be crowded into the 
illumination was adopted ; and again at the Town Hall a combination of the two styles was 
employed, so as to obtain a full benefit of the fagade. It was generally conceded that the 
display at the station and hotel was superior to any design on a similar scale executed in 
London on Jubilee Day. 

The whole of the designs were settled and the arrangements carried out by Messrs. 
Defries, under the personal direction of Mr. G. H. Turner, the assistant general manager of 
the Midland Railway Company. 


Surrounding the Royal enclosure, which really was the open space lying between the 
entrance to the directors' room in the station buildings and the side of the Midland Hotel, 
was erected a spacious gallery for the accommodation of visitors, and this was allotted to the 
principal officials of the Midland Railway, of whom a great number were present. This 
gallery extended on both sides of the enclosure, joining on each side to the magnificent arch- 
way which spanned the entrance from the hotel to the station buildings. A greal deal of 
taste and an equal amount of labour had been lavished upon this magnificent archway, with 
its supporting towers and splendid workmanship. It was through this archway that Her 
Majesty passed on leaving the Reception Room to obtain access to the public street, and it was 
here that a grand welcome wa& accorded to her as she first emerged to the view of the 
enthusiastic inhabitants of the ancient town. To describe the archway itself in detail would 
be a matter of considerable difficulty, but we may give our readers. a general idea of its 
features, and they by that means will be able to judge for themselves of the imposing 
addition it made to the decon^tions of the town. The archway itself, then, had a span of 
about 20 feet, and was semi-circular, not Gothic, in form, the rise to its summit being about 
10 feet. It was flanked on each side by octagonal towers covered with domes, and, so far as 
one could allocate it to any distinctive style, it was Italian in feeling. The thought that 

Tffcorrf o/ the Queeris State Viiit (-> Prrhj. 

78 Record of the Queen*s State Vint to Derby, 

struck the spectator in viewing it was that it had been mainly designed to represent an old 
tower, over which evergreens and ivy had spread with advancing years until they covered it 
altogether. The sides were octagonal in form, and rose to a total height of about 42 feet, or 
an altitude of 20 feet more than the arch itself. Each turret was surmounted with a flag 
staff. The construction of the flanking towers was of a nature to afford ample means for 
decorations, and to give the general appearance of the archway and its accessories an air of 
great dignity and attractiveness. 

To enter somewhat into details as to the construction of these flanking towers, we may 
say that the interior of each tower formed a stand a few feet from the ground capable of 
accommodating from fifteen to twenty people, and within this shaded enclosure some privi- 
leged spectators were stationed, and enjoyed one of the best views of Her Majesty and the 
procession that was obtained during the Boyal progress through the town. Underneath the 
window sills in the tower were balconies filled with beautiful hot- house plants, supplied by 
Mr. Lewis, of The Leylands, Derby, who also suppUed the flowers which filled the vases on 
the top of the pilasters of this edifice. The towers were solid at the base in order to form a 
platform for the visitors as alre*ady described. Then came the space containing seven arched 
windows in each of the turrets. In these windows, which were Gothic in form, were 
beautiful hot-house flowers, so that from base to top the structure was one mass of evergreens 
and flowers, varied and intermingled with the same art which had characterised the arrange- 
ment of the floral display in the Boyal corridor and in the Boyal Beception Boom. The angles 
of the octagon were emphasized with pilasters surmounted with vases of giant size, filled also 
with the choicest hot-house flowers and shrubs. Each tower was domed upwards from the 
main cornice to the bottom of the flag-pole. The archway itself was surmounted with a 
balustrade, immediately over the centre of the arch being a pedestal also surmounted by a 
vase filled with exotics. The effect obtained was varied and grand, and formed a magnificent 
relief to what would otherwise have been rather a blank space in the general scheme of 
decoration. As it was, Mr. Trubshaw seized upon an appropriate site, designed a building 
which was in every way in harmony with it, and carried it out in a manner which left nothing 
to be desired. The great aim was to secure a grand effect by a combination of greens and 
the various shades of shrubbery, which, when intermingled, produced in the whole a harmony 
of blending that was one of the most pleasing features of the decorations. 


The whole of the garden attached to the Midland Hotel had, for the nonce, been changed 
into a series of marquees, designed to serve various purposes during the Boyal visit. The 
principal chamber, so constructed, was the Mayor's dining marquee, a spacious and handsome 
apartment, extending to a length of 90 feet and a breadth of nearly 50 feet. Its sides were 
of wood, rising to a height of nine feet, above which the roof was led to an apex at a great 
height from the boarded floor, being supported by substantial poles, themselves the subject 
of decoration. The sides of the marquee were draped in breadths of the well-known Liberty 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 79 

art fabrics of various colours, dark and light terra cotta, and amber and cream being tastefully 
alternated, and the surface being relieved by numerous Madras muslin-draped mirrors. 
Banning along the top of these side walls was an orange-coloured valance, gracefully arranged 
in festoons. The roof was lined with red and white bands of cloth, and of the marquee as a 
whole, it may be said that it was lofty, well ventilated, well constructed, and comfortable ; 
whilst its appearance, especially as illuminated by the electric light, had a singularly brilliant 
Oriental effect. The lighting was, indeed, a feature upon which great care had been expended. 
Suspended from the roof were two large clusters of lights hanging free, and, again, the 
supporting roof columns were pressed into the service to support additional globes, whilst 
brass brackets around the sides contributed their quota to the general brilliance. The floor 
of the marquee was carpeted in red baize. As to the tables, the principal guest table ran 
along the whole length of the apartment, whilst at right angles eight shorter tables served 
well nigh to cover the floor, and to provide accommodation for a large number of participants 
in the feast. The entrance to this scene of picturesqueuess and beauty was from the Midland 
Hotel corridor, which was continued by means of a specially constructed covered way, 52 feet in 
length, giving direct access to the dining tent. Off this avenue,' however, were interniediately 
two minor marquees, the one on the right being devoted to the purposes of a cloak-room, whilst 
on the left a larger one, plainly but effectively draped with alternate red and white cloth, and 
with a roof similarly treated, served the purpose of a reception chamber. The floor of this 
was covered with a figured carpet, and as in the dining-room, the electric light was employed 
for illumination. It should be stated that the construction and decoration of these marquees, 
and the erection of the kitchens and serving room in connection with the dining chamber, 
were in the capable hands of Messrs. Womersley, St. James's Street, Leeds. The electric 
hght, which formed so significant a feature in the arrangement, was supplied from a large 
number of storage batteries near at hand, under the control of Mr. Langdon, of the Electrical 
Department of the Midland Railway Company, and it is also to be stated that many of the 
fittings employed were kindly lent by Messrs. Verity and Son, of London, who stepped 
forward and generously offered the advantages of their plant and appliauces. 


The electric lighting arrangements were under the control and direction of Mr. Langdon, 
electrician to the Midland Railway Company, and it is almost superfluous to say that they 
were well devised and carried out. No expense and labour were spared to render this 
part of the decorative programme as complete as possible, and it formed no small part of the 
whole. The introduction of electricity to the general purposes of illumination adds one more 
instrument of utiUty to the armoury of the decorative artist, and enables him to dare effects 
of which only a few years ago he never dreamed. So it proved on this occasion. In the 
Reception Boom, in the Floral Chamber, in the Banquetting Hall, on the Midland Hotel, on 
the Station Buildings, in fact wherever the electric illuminant was brought into force, the 
effect was superb. The softened radiance seemed almost to steal unobserved through the 

80 Record of the Qu£en*s State Visit to Derby, 

Royal apartments, and as the perfume of a flower sometimes seems to be an insinuation of a 
presence rather than an actuality, and yet to bathe the whole atmosphere in fragrance, so 
the little globes of light which decked the apartments, like so many living glow-worms 
suffused all around in a subdued luminance which formed an additional charm. The 
batteries which were used to create the electric light were the same which supply the 
passenger trains on the Midland system, and were brought to the various spots required, and 
arranged in suflScient numbers to generate the power necessary to supply the requisite 
current of electricity. 


As the Infirmary was the raison d'etre of the visit of the Queen so it was only to be 
anticipated that on and about the old Infirmary buildings and the site of the new institution 
great efforts should be put forth to give eclat to the ceremonies and rejoicings of the day. 
We had therefore a lavish display of bunting, and the approaches to the pavilion, which 
covered the site of the foundation-stone and afforded probably the very best position for 
obtaining a view of the Sovereign and Royal and distinguished party, were gay with colours 
and alive with waving decorations. At the extreme end of the site a wide entrance had been 
opened out, opposite Canal Street, and as this was supposed to be the point at which Her 
Majesty would enter the grounds, unusual efforts had been made to give it an attractive 
appearance. The entrance itself was about fifty feet in width, and at either side had 
been erected a quartette of poles, surmounted with a crown, and bearing beautiful floral and 
artistic designs and devices, in keeping with the general idea which seemed to have prevailed 
in regard to the street adornments all along the route. Stretching across the wide opening 
ran a sort of gallery, decorated with crimson cloth, and offering, in large letters, a <* Welcome 
to Derby." Evergreens and bunting covered the gallery, and, in contrast with the brighter 
colours, added to the effect by giving to it a brightness which otherwise would have been 
wanting. Along the whole of the roadway leading up to and ending in the Royal marquee, 
massive stands, rising tier above tier like the old Roman circus, occupied the space on 
either side. The scene which was presented to the eye when these immense semi- 
circular galleries were fully occupied, was one of intense beauty and animation. From 
the entrance to the grounds to the very doors of the pavilion stretched a sea of human life, 
animated with one desire, and dominated with one impulse — ^to see and to do honour to their 
Sovereign. The roadway between was also a scene of great beauty. Venetian masts were 
erected at short intervals along this portion of the route, trophies of flags, and a profusion 
of banners and shields adorned the supports, and across the roadway long bands of streamers 
formed a sort of roof to the approach, and these temporary adornments being backed by the 
radiant faces of the visitors and the green of the trees, the whole presented a picture in 
which there was nothing lacking to give it the attraction of beauty and the action of a living 
power. Turning to the front approach to the old Infirmary buildings, the efforts of the 

Record of the Queen^s State Vidt to Derby, 81 

decorator had not been forgotten, bat as compared with the extraordinary results on the road 
from the temporary approach, but little had been done. The iron gates had for the day 
given up their old solidity of appearance, and, under the softening influences of evergreen 
decorations, presented a much more welcome and inviting aspect. Masts, shields, and 
trophies, as elsewhere, formed the line of approach to the Infirmary building, and banners 
and bannerets, waving in the cold easterly breeze, gave motion and animation to the scene. 
The fa^e of the old building was enlivened with designs similar to those used elsewhere 
in the grounds, but with all that had been done it appeared to wear an aspect of sombre 
sadness that seemed to presage the end. It may be but the imagining of a mind conscious 
of its condemnation, but there was an air of dejection about the old place, and about all that 
encompassed it, that was in strange contrast with the life and buoyancy of its inunediate 

The principal object in the Infirmary grounds yras, of course, the Boyal Pavilion, in 
which the main ceremony connected with the visit of the Queen took place, and the 
object of Her Majesty's sojourn in Derby consummated. This was in fact a noble and 
beautiful structure, and justified in every way the wisdom of the committee when they 
entrusted the work to Messrs. Pigott Bros, and Co., of London. The particular site was on 
the left of the old Infirmary as you approached it from the London Boad, and the exact 
locality of the foundation-stone was in the centre of the raised platform at the front of the 
building. The pavilion itself was probably ,one of the largest and most beautiful canvas 
structures ever erected in Derby. Facing to the main road was a fa^e extending probably 
a hundred feet, along which ran a canopy, and at the base of which was a raised platform 
sheltering a profusion of foliage and shrubbery, which gave it the appearance of a long floral 
corridor. There were two entrances leading by a wide wooden staircase to the Queen's 
rooms. The vestibule nearest to the town formed the approach to the Boyal Betiring Boom ; 
the one on the station side led by a corresponding staircase to the Boyal Beception Boom. 
In these approaches was again a rich display of palms and flowering shrubs and plants, 
rising gradually with the stairs and flanking the footway on either side with a magnificent 
profusion of colour, and filling the air with the fragrance of flowers. The Beception Boom 
was rather larger than the Betiring Boom, but both of them were apartments arranged and 
furnished with great taste and effect. Beautiful tapestry hangings covered the walls ; the 
floor was spread with a rich Axminster square, and here and there about the apartment were 
choice drawings, including a capital sketch of the new Infirmary, which may be said to 
have received its birth on May 2l8t. The decorations of the Betiring Boom were equally 
chaste though somewhat less ornate, and the furniture in each apartment was in perfect 
keeping with the accessories of the place. The work in connection with the arrangement 
of these two rooms was in the hands of Mr. John Topham, of St. Peter's Street, and they 
bore good comparison with the similar apartments at the station. The plants were supplied 
and arranged by Mr. Cooling. 

The entrance to the Boyal Pavilion or marquee was on to the platform from an opening 
in the Beception Boom, and standing at this point the spectator was able to obtain a fine 


82 Record of ths Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

view of the Fftvilion, and to see and appreciate its extent and general beauty. It was a 
structure capable of seating 1,600 people, and yet its construction was on such lines that 
only three small wooden poles intervened to obstruct the sight of any person seated in the 
vast expanse. Gothic in shape, the centre of the canvas roof rose to a height of 48 feet from 
side supports of about 12 feet in height. Over the platform, and for about half the distance 
towards the rear, this Gothic form was continued, after which the canvas covering sloped 
downwards until at the extreme back it came to a level with the sides. The whole of the 
floor space was available for seating the visitors, and as the floor rose by easy steps from the 
front to the back, there was provided an uninterrupted and splendid view of the platform 
and of the ceremonies performed upon it. Here, again, we had a magnificent floral display. 
In fact, it was a matter of common observation among the visitors that the abundance 
of the foliage and the wealth of the flowers formed one of the sights in regard to the 
decorations, considering the unpropitiousness of the season. The floor of the pavilion was 
covered with red baize, which gave the apartment a warmth it would otherwise have lacked, 
and the roof and sides were made Oriental in appearance by the wide bands of red and white 
into which the canvas covering was divided. The foundation-stone itself was in position 
early in the day, awaiting but the Royal hand to fix it in its place as the comer-stone 
of what it is hoped and believed will prove to be an institution of wide and lasting benefit to 
the suffering poor. The inscription approved by Her Majesty and carved upon the stone was 
as follows : — 





MAY 21sT, 1891. 

Tbb DUEE op DEVONSHIRE Lobd Lisutbmant. 



Sib THOMAS WILLIAM EVANS, Babt. - • Pbbsidbnt of thx Infibmabt. 

Hecord of the Queen^s State Visit to Derby, 88 


There cannot be a shadow of doubt that this thoroughfare formed one of the most 
attractive and artistic points on the whole line of procession. The extensive and magnificent 
decorations undertaken by the Midland Railway Company alone would fully warrant this 
assertion, even if no further embellishment of the buildings and thoroughfare had been 
undertaken. But the town authorities and the owners and occupiers of property therein 
had done their utmost to produce a bright, pleasing, and effective display of ornamentation, 
and by their united efforts a charming picture was obtained. The view from either end of 
the street was imposing, but the scene which presented itself to the spectator who placed 
himself in front of the Tudor Arch and looked towards the Midland Station, was one of great 
beauty and magnificence. Leaving the splendid decorations at the Midland Station and 
Hotel (elsewhere described), we find that the town authorities had placed the public 
decorations in the hands of Messrs. Womersley and Co., public decorators, of Leeds, whose 
local agent was Mr. John Jones, of the Market Pla.ce. Each side of the street was lined with 
Venetian masts, covered with crimson cloth, and surmounted with gilded spear-heads, but 
the first two near the station were surmounted by crowns. From the top of each mast there 
was an arrangement of shields and trophies of flags. From mast to mast, and running 
longitudinally along the street were lines of pretty streamers, while a<;ross the road were 
canopies of roses, from the centre of which were suspended baskets of flowers. Near the top 
of the Midland Road, and spanning the thoroughfare near Mr. Winter's shop, a Gothic Arch 
(Tudor period) was erected, and formed a very imposing and remarkable feature. It was 
composed of material which adequately represented the '* time-vteathered stone '* of ancient 
mansions like Haddon Hall. The structure consisted of a centre opening of 20 feet, through 
which the Royal procession passed to and from the station, and two smaller openings 
spanning the pathway on either side of the road. There was a portcullis over the large 
opening or gateway. The fabric was surmounted by battlements, in accordance with ancient 
custom, and from the large turrets hung streamers, the Royal Standard, and other national 
flags. The idea was to represent the ancient gateway of a town, with which the situation of 
the arch greatly coincided, and by their admirable treatment of the material used — the 
crumbling walls and other appearances of the decaying influences of the hand of time — the 
decorators succeeded in giving a very faithful picture of such a structure. The numerous 
platforms in this street were also decorated with due care and taste. 

The private decorations were extensive, and many of them very tasteful, and there was 
not a building in the street on which some token of loyalty was not displayed. 

The York Hotel was most effectively decorated. The balcony over the doorway was 
draped with blue cloth, bordered with yellow fringe ; on most of the window siUs scarlet 
cloth with yellow-fringed borders was tastefully disposed, and the front of the building was 
literally covered with shields and trophies of flags. The illumination consisted of a large 
transparency, with an admirable portrait of the Queen in the centre of it. 

The office of the Midland Railway Company's architects was enriched with shields and 
trophies of flags. One shield represented the shamrock, rose, and thistle ; on another three 

84 Record of the Qtieen's State Visit to Derby. 

stags* heads were vividly depicted ; a third shield was surmounted by a crown and painted 
with national devices ; and another bore round it the motto Honi eoit qui mal y petise 
The illuminations were made to represent a star and the Midland Railway arms. 

Mr. T. E. Yeomans, tobacconist, had an illuminated representation of the Queen and 
the Yeomen of the Guard. 

Prom the upper windows of the Portland Hotel, recently opened by Mrs. Edwards, 
depended decorations consisting of scarlet and yellow cloth, ornamented with flags, whilst 
over the doorway there was a handsome arrangement of scarlet doth, the centre being 
occupied by a portrait of the Queen surmounted by royal shields. 

Sturgess's Caledonian Hotel was embellished by well-arranged trophies of different 
coloured flags. 

Miss Biley, manageress of the Clarendon Hotel, made a most effective display. 
Conspicuous amongst her decorations stood out the word ** Welcome," formed in large white 
letters on a scarlet ground, bordered by yellow fringe. The upper windows of the hotel were 
draped with crimson clotb, adorned with yellow fringe. Dark blue cloth with a similar 
border adorned the window sills, and the whole was completed with a capital arrangement on 
each side of the windows of shields and trophies of flags. The illumination consisted of a 
.large plain star. 

Messrs. F. Sanderson and Son's coach-making establishment had been decorated upon a 
scale combining beauty of design and effective colouring. Streamers floated over the top of 
the premises from one end to the other. Occupying a central position over the Midland 
Bead entrance were the Prince of Wales' feathers flanked by flags, and above the Union 
Jack floated gracefully. Along the front ot the building were the words " A hearty welcome 
greets you," in white letters, which showed up conspicuously on the crimson ground. Under- 
neath this device there was a tasteful arrangement of navy blue cloth, enriched with gold 
lace and fringe, while at each end there were trophies of flags, the shields bearing the Boyal 
Arms and Prince's feathers. Underneath these there was also a tasteful arrangement of 
scarlet cloth. 

The Carrington Street pskrt of the works was decorated with a double line of coloured 
streamers, and coloured figured cloth. Different flags, consisting of Union Jacks, Boyal 
Standards, &c., floated &om each window of the workshops, which occupy a building three 
storeys high. The illuminations consisted of a five-feet star, with the letters '' V.B." on 
each side. The carriage showyard on the opposite side of the Midland Boad was also taste- 
fully decorated, the motto, '*Ood Save the Queen," in gold letters being a conspicuous 
feature of the arrangement. 

The Mineral Offices of tbe Midland Bailway Company on the opposite side of the street 
to Messrs. Sanderson's works were ornamented with scarlet cloth, surmounted by an arrange- 
ment for illuminations, showing a crown and the Prince of Wales' feathers. 

The George Hotel, kept by Mrs. Warrington, was illuminated with a large crystal trans- 
parent device of the Garter, in the centre of which were the letters ** V.B.," and round it 
were the words '' Long live the Queen." 

Becord of the Quern* 8 State Visit to Derby. 85 

Mr. Borrey, undertaker, Midland Boad» decorated the front of his premises with crimson 
cloth, in the centre of which were a crown and the Prince of Wales* feathers. Over the gateway 
there was a splendid arrangement of trophies and flags. The centre one was very large and 
pretty. The Boyal Arms were admirably represented, and above them were the words 
** God Save the Queen." Bunning along the bottom of the shield was the wish, repeated 
many times on Thursday by thousands of her loyal subjects, '* Long May She Beign.*' From 
the windows of the Station Inn the Union Jack and a number of small flags proudly floated. 

Mrs. Annie Edwards' eating house was tastefully embellished with flags and streamers. 

The Midland Cofifee Tavern was surmounted by streamers, and the front of the building 
was literally covered with a similar species of ornamentation. 

Flags proudly floated from the shop of Mr. Calvert and the Midland Arms ; and Mr. 
Sanders, tobacconist, ornamented his shop front with coloured cloth, &c. 

Mr. Winter, photographer, had several flags floating from the summit of his premises. 
On the wall, also, there was a magnificent representation of the Boyal Arms, flanked by flags. 

Mrs. Holmes, milliner, had a tasteful arrangement of red, white, and blue cloth round 
the frames of her upper windows. 


On entering this thoroughfare from the Midland Boad, a very pretty and effective scene 
met the view. On every hand there were extensive decorations, and the profuse ornamenta- 
tion of the Infirmary Grounds also caught the eye of the spectator. Venetian masts lined 
each side of this wide and pleasant street, the masts being adorned with flags and shields. 
Along each side of the road, and suspended from the masts, ran a double line of evergreens , 
some distance apart, their sombre hues beautifully contrasting with the bright crimson and 
yellow cloths and banners which everywhere formed part of the decorations. Extending 
nearly the whole length of the thoroughfare, from Midland Boad to Castle Street, canopies of 
beautiful roses, adorned with floral baskets, or lines of streamers, stretched across the road, 
and imparted a most graceful and beautiful finish to the design. This part of the public 
decorations of the road, and as fax as Castle Street, had been entrusted to Messrs. Paine and 
Co., of London ; their local agents were Messrs. J. and G. Haywood and Co., of the Market 
Place, Derby, whose execution of the work gave general satisfeiction. Venetian masts were 
used as far as Castle Street, where the conventionaUty of treatment was pleasantly relieved 
by a small but effective arch, erected by Mr. Harris, of Liverpool. The main arch was 
about thirty feet high, but the arches over the pavement were considerably lower. The top 
of the central arch was surmounted by palisades, and on each side were the letters V.B., 
arranged in red squares, and mixed with evergreens ; along the top of the arch were the con- 
spicuous words '' Welcome to Derby," a little above this and at each end being a crown and 
cushion. Baskets of flowers, garlands, and other decorations, completed the superstructure, 
from which flags floated, while plants and flowers beautified the lower portion of this pretty 
and artistic design. Passing from this arch towards St. Peter's Street, there were no masts, 

86 Record of the Qtieen^s State Visit to Derby, 

but the thoroughfare was most effectively adorned with lines of flags, streamers, and flowers. 
Every available spot in this thoroughfare was occupied by a platform, each of which had 
received a considerable amount of adornment. 

Regent Terrace was beautifully decorated with trophies of flags and shields. 

The shop front of Mr. Councillor Butter worth, at the comer of London Road and Regent 
Street, was most successfully adorned. A conspicuoas feature of the design consisted of the 


Prince of Wales' feathers and a line of streamers. 

Curling's grocery stores, at the opposite comer of London Road and Regent Street, were 
one tastefully-arranged mass of flags and bunting. 

The Nottingham Arms and the Leviathan Inn, as well as the premises of Mr. George, 
butcher, were suitably adorned. On the front of Mr. George's premises the words *' Welcome 
to Victoria " stood out in bold relief. 

Dr. Gentles, of Wellington House, had tastefully decorated the front of his residence with 
coloured bunting and pretty trophies of flags. 

From the upper windows of the Crown and Cushion Hotel Mr. Baldock had suspended 
flags and banners, while the whole face of the building was one mass of flags and shields. 

Mr. Marshall, chemist, had draped his upper windows with red, white, and blue cloth, 
tastefully trimmed, whilst Mr. Domleo, butcher, also made a brave show. 

Streamers and flags gracefully floated in the air in front of the London Road Wesleyan 
Chapel and the adjoining house of the Superintendent Minister. 

Messrs. Brooks and Co., tea merchants, had a nice arrangement of flags, &c. 

Trinity Parsonage, the residence of the Rev. F. Hoare, presented a beautiful appearance. 
A line of streamers stretched along the front garden, while a series of flags, &c., embellished 
the fa^de of the building, on which there were also some coloured lamps formed into 
the letters V.R. 

The authorities of the Royal Derbyshire Nurses' Home had selected as their mottoes the 
very appropriate Biblical words, ** Blessed is he that considereth the poor ; " and, *' I was sick 
and ye visited Me." There were two other inscriptions below these, viz., **God bless our 
Royal Patroness," and '' God Save the Queen." These were printed in large white letters 
on a red ground, and extended along three sides of the building over the third storey window. 
So prominent, indeed, were they that a person of good sight could read them directly after 
leaving the Midland Road, and the whole arrangement undoubtedly attracted the attention of 
thousands to an institution which has [done a vast amount of good in our town and county 
for many years past. 

At Chetwynd House, the residence of Mrs. Leech, the decorations and illuminations were 
upon an extensive scale. Flags and bunting were used freely and tastefully disposed. Two 
large inscriptions read thus: — ** Loyal Hearts Greet you," and "A Thousand Welcomes." 
Conspicuous amongst the illuminations was a large crystal transparency forming the letters 

From Trinity Church a national flag gracefully floated. 

The Terrace between Trinity Church and Liversage Street presented a charming 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 87 

appearanoe. Flags, shields, and coloured cloth adorned the house fronts and windows, and 
on a portion of the verandah there was an arrangement of scarlet cloth, while from the 
verandah were suspended a number of Chinese lanterns and coloured glasses, which looked 
very pretty at night. 

There was a very graceful arrangement in front of the house of Mr. Henry Morley, surgeon 
dentist, red, white, and blue cloth, with appropriate trimmings, being brought into 
requisition, and the whole was completed with trophies of flags and shields, the latter 
having upon them representations of the shamrock, rose, and thistle, and the Prince of 

_ « 

Wales' feathers, and being surmounted by crowns, &c. 

Mr. Wilkins, ironmonger, decorated with bunting ; Mr. Hutchinson, taxidermist, with 
flags ; and there was an effective arrangement of banting around the platform at the comer 
of London Boad and Bradshaw 8treet. 

The premises occupied by Messrs. Taylor, photographers, and the Young Men's Christian 
Association were very prettily adorned. Bed and blue cloth, with suitable trimmings were 
used, and between the windows of the second and third storey stood out in conspicuous 
white letters the inscription *' God Bless our Gracious Queen.'* 

Messrs. Holmes, coachmakers to the Boyal Family, had superbly decorated the large 
and exceedingly handsome front of their extensive works. Cloth of different shades of green 
and yellow was gracefully looped about the large windows of the show-rooms, and also ran 
halfway down to the ground at each end of the building. The Union Jack also floated from 
the top of the building. Over the wide gateway entrance to the premises there were 
illuminations, the device being a crown between the letters ''V. B." The front of 
Mr. Holmes' residence, which is directly opposite the works, had been treated in a similar 
beautiful and artistic manner, and altogether the design was unconventional as well as 

The premises of the Midland Furnishing Company, Mr. Poyser (hair dresser), and the 
Nottingham Qvardian Branch Office were adorned with bunting, &c. 

Mr. John Clulow, of the Crown Vaults, had arranged a most artistically decorated 
platform over the front part of his premises. This was ornamented with scarlet clothf 
enriched with orange-coloured bunting and white lace, and there was a very pretty awning 
over it. 

Messrs. Walker & Co., tailors and hosiers, ornamented the front of their shop with blue 
cloth and trophies of flags. 

Mr. Maltman, confectioner, displayed flags and streamers. 

The Beading Boom connected with the Castle Fields Works, belonging to Messrs. 
Boden & Co., had been treated with flags, and in addition to the red cloth which stretched 
across the front of the building, excellent arrangements had been made for illuminating the 
premises, the device being a star, with 1887 to the left of it and 1891 on the right. There 
was also a nice arrangement of coloured lamps. 

The Midland Furnishing Stores surmounted their premises with lines of streamers, and 
embellished the front with coloured cloth and trophies of flags. 

88 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

Mr. Thomas Lloyd, undertaker, had a very pretty and elaborate system of ornamentation. 
Running in a line with the spouting was the inscription, '' God bless our Queen." Imme- 
diately below this were capitally executed portraits of the Queen, Sir William Evans 
(President of the Infirmary), and the Mayor (Sir A. S. Haslam, Et.). Just above the door 
and window, but below the portraits, there was another inscription, ''Long may she reign 1 " 
in white letters on a blue ground. There was also a cluster of flags and emblematic devices. 

Mr. Slater, smallware dealer, had a pretty arrangement of bunting intermixed with 
flowers and surmounted by flags. 

The Public Benefit Boot and Shoe Company exhibited a large Union Jack and numerous 
trophies of flags, and their illumination advertised the name of their firm. 

The Derwent Hotel was prettily clothed with bunting and flags. Mr. Hummel, 
watchmaker, had tastefully blended coloured cloth in front of his premises. Mr. Brewer 
(gas fitter), the occupier of the Prince of Wales Inn, Mr. Saxton (tobacconist), and the 
occupier of the Granville Hotel, all showed their loyalty by nicely decorating their 
windows and houses. 

The premises of Mr. George Kitchen were adorned with trophies of flags, and standing 
out prominently was a portrait of the Prince of Wales, the Prince of Wales* feathers, and 
other articles of an ornamental description. 

Messrs. Frank Earp & Co., auctioneers, displayed much taste in connection with the 
decoration of their mart. The upper storeys were clothed with cloth of bright scarlet and 
gold, and over and above the sign there was a similar tasteful arrangement. 

The Mutual Benefit Boot Company liberally displayed trophies of flags, and running 
along the side of the building there was a device containing the words ** Queen of England 
and Empress of India." 

Mr. Frank Murray, bookseller, had decorations of a novel character. They consisted 
of exact fac-similes of the covers of the Queen's own books : ''Leaves from our Life in the 
Highlands," and " More Leaves from our Life in the Highlands " ; also the words " Welcome 
to our Author Queen," the Boyal Arms, an excellent portrait of Her Majesty, and the 

Viewed from any point this street presented a brilliant appearance. Flags and banners 
waved from most of the buildings, whilst the decorations of the house and business premises 
combined beauty with elegance. At the junction of this street with London Road and 
Osmaston Road, locally known as " The Spot," there was a triple arch which formed a 
conspicuous feature in the route followed by the Royal procession. The fabric was con- 
structed so as to span both thoroughfares, the buttresses and the whole material being 
coloured so as to represent stone work. Between the two principal arches a band stand was 
provided, this being about ten or twelve feet from the ground. Balustrades covered with 
evergreens surmounted the top, and over the minor arches were raised platforms, each 
bearing a gold crown on a crimson cushion. Over the centre arch the words " God Save the 

Rteord of the Qveen'i 'Statt VitU to Derbg. 

Queen," were worked in red letters ou a white ground, and snrmounting the whole fabric wai 
a figure of Britannia, with the Boyal Arms underneath, and flags to form a trophy. Under- 
neath the band stand there whs a mass of ferns and other plants, in the centre of which 
stood a fountain throwing up silvery sprays of water. The buttresses of the arch were 
adorned with paintings done on panels at the Derby Grown Porcelain Works. These 
represented various ancient industries, such as tlie potter at his wheel, the weaver at his 
loom, and other modes of industry which, happily for the workman as well as the public, 
have disappeared with the introduction of steam, and the advance of scientific knowledge 

Prom a Photo. 6y) Tbiuhpiul Abcb, Toi> of St. Feieb'b St&iiT. {W. W. Winter, Darby, 

Festoons of flowers, evergreens, and tiaskets of flowers were also employed to embellish the 
arch and beautify the scene. This arch, it may be added, was the work of Mr. William 
Harris, of Liverpool, whose local representatives were Messrs. Qeorge and Dean, of the 
Strand atfd Sadler Gate, Derby. 

The public decorations were upon a ' most extensive and elaborate scale, and 
formed a remarkably pretty feature in the midst of artistic surroundings. There 
were no Venetian masts, but the street was crossed by lovely festoons of flowers, 
enriched with floral baskets or wreaths, with a liberal sprinkling of flags, banners, and 
bumerets. These last-named aids to effectiveness somewhat impeded the view from the 

90 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

Corn Market end of the thoroughfeire, but from the Spot the whole arrangement was 
imposingly grand. On some of the flags there were heraldic devices, whilst others bore 
inscriptions at once hearty, appropriate, loyal, and enthusiastic. Amongst them were the 
words " Ood Save our Queen," '' A Loyal Greeting," and the words which found an echo in 
many hearts : ** Come again," an invitation which, however loyally given and as readily 
received, can scarcely be expected to be realised in the reign of our present Most Gracious 
Majesty the Queen. 

Across the end of Albert Street, and passing from the Birmingham and Midland 
Bank, there was a line of flags and roses, with the conspicuous word ''Welcome," which 
met the eye of the processionists as they were returning from the centre of the town. 

At the Green Dragon Inn the front of the building was decorated with shields and 
trophies of flags, and navy blue cloth, with yellow fringe. 

Page's umbrella warehouse was adorned with trophies of flags and streamers, and the 
illuminations consisted of large coloured lamps. 

Along the front of the three old-fashioned houses occupied by Messrs. Fowkes, butcher ; 
Parkins, tobacconist ; and Eirby, basket maker ; there was a pretty line of streamers, and a 
series of trophies and flags. 

Mr. J. H. Hirst, draper, decorated his premises . with cloth of bright colour, and a 
striking part of the arrangement was the inscription ** God save the Queen." Mr. Embery, 
carver and gilder, and the Educational Company also had pretty decorations at the front of 
their establishments. 

Messrs. Staincliffe and Son, woollen drapers, and Mr. A. F. Pemberton, tobacconist, each 
had wreaths of red and white roses round the upper windows of their premises, and pretty 
coloured bunting below them, and flags were suspended from the roof. 

The decorative display of Messrs. Bennett Brothers, provision merchants, was very 
beautiful. Green and yellow vsdances were arranged along the front of the building, where 
there were also trophies of flags. Their illuminations were also most effective, numerous 
different coloured glasses being admirably arranged round the frames of the upper windows. 

At Babington House streamers were suspended from flag poles placed at intervals on the 
roofs, and there was also an interesting display of shields and trophies of flags, as well as the 
inscriptions, " God save the Queen " and " God bless the Queen." 

The handsome line of buildings at the comer of Babington Lane and St. Peter's Street, 
occupied by Messrs. Thompson and Son, tailors, and by Messrs. Orme, of the Babington Music 
Warehouse, looked very pretty. Garlands of evergreens were stretched over the shop win- 
dows. From the upper storey windows crimson cloth was suspended, and on each side of the 
windows on the second and third storeys there was a tasteful display of shields and*flags. 

At the adjoining shops occupied by Mr. Archer and Mr. Smith, jeweller, the display of 
coloured cloth and flags was very striking. 

A conspicuous part of the ornamentation on the front of Mr. J. Newton's shop consisted 
of representations of the Boyal arms, surrounded by national flags, one containing the 
words "Welcome to our Queen," and the other ''Long live our Queen." The shops of 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 91 

Messrs. Squirrel, bookseller ; Charles Smith, hosier ; and W. H. Fletcher, draper ; were 
prettily adorned with trophies of flags. 

Mr. Charles Clarke, hairdresser, exhibited trophies of flags. 

Mr. Councillor Spriggs, grocer, had a good deal of decoration. ' From the top of his 
premises flags floated. The front of the building was adorned with trophies of flags and 
shields, and along the whole width of the upper storey red, white, and blue cloth, bordered 
with yellow fringe, was stretched. 

Mrs. Edwards, glass and china dealer, had some elaborate decorations. The four windows 
of the second and third floor were adorned with coloured cloth ; below the sign there was an 
arrangement of bunting ; whilst the face of the building was also embellished with the 
Prince of Wales' feathers and the Boyal arms. 

Mr. J. Topham, upholsterer, had one of the most charmitig displays in the street. 
Aboye the top windows ran a line of blue cloth, enriched by gold fringe. Below this, and on 
the sides of the windows, were trophies of flags. The sign was bordered with red cloth, and 
below this were other trophies, all placed with great care and taste. 

Mr. Swan displayed a flag and bunting, and Messrs. King and Co., provision merchants, 
had a nice arrangement of decorative material. 

The front of Messrs. John Wells and Co.'s caf^ was ornamented with trophies of flags 
and bunting. 

Mr. D. Hackney, china dealer, had some coloured glasses for illumination. 

Messrs. John Progress and Co., fancy drapers, decorated with bunting. 

Mr. Bose, draper, had elaborately decorated his premises. The front was almost 
entirely covered with different coloured cloth, crowns, and emblematic devices, and 
conspicuous amongst the design were the words " Ood save the Queen." 

The Green Man Inn, although off St. Peter's Street, could be seen therefrom, and the 
landlord had consequently made a capital display of ornamentation, the word '' Welcome " 
being distinctly visible from the main thoroughfare. 

Mr. John Dean, draper, showed his loyalty by tastefully adorning his premises with flags 
and the letters " V.B." 

The Midland Drapery Company had a grand display of bannerets and other species of 
decorations, and the illuminations were also pretty. 

Messrs. Shackleton, drapers, had a very effective display of crimson cloth, with gold 
cord and fringe tastefully disposed on the upper part of the premises, which were further 
embellished with artistic festoons, bannerets, and shields. A large flag also floated from 
their upper windows, and lines of streamers passed from the top to the bottom of the 

Messrs. Wilkins & Ellis had a quantity of blue and white bunting round their upper 
windows, and over the shop window there was the word ** Welcome " in white letters on a 
red ground. 

The Grand Clothing Hall Company did not arrange for any decorations beyond 
displaying a flag, but their splendid front was extensively illuminated, the chief feature of 
this department being a crown, the letters '' V.B,,*' and three plain stars. 

92 lUeord of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

The stone-fronted buildings occupied by Mr. Dequ^ and Mr. Dicks were ornamented 
with a nice arrangement of evergreens and flags. 

Mr. Goddard decorated his premises with an effective design formed by dark blue cloth, 
with yellow fringe border, and numerous banners. 

Mr. D. W. Bardill*s shop was treated with a line of coloured cloth, and banners 
tastefully interspersed along the front. 

Along the frontage of the shops of Mr. Hoare, chemist, and Mr. Buckley, hosier, 
stretched a line of coloured cloth, in which white and blue colours were tastefully blended, 
and there was also a capital display of shields. 

Mr. Clarke's dining-rooms were beautifully decorated with flags, banners, and other 
species of ornamentation. 

Mr. Cholerton, boot maker, and Mr. Sangster, grocer, whose premises adjoin each 
other, had a line of red, white, and blue cloth running across the front of them, and at the 
side of the windows there was a series of handsome flags of similar colour. 

Messrs. Thurman and Malin, drapers, introduced into their handsome decorations the 
large inscription " Welcome to Derby,*' which showed up wonderfully well. 

Mr. Walker, draper, covered a portion of his front premises with scarlet cloth, and 
added to the festive appearance of the thoroughfare by also displaying flags and banners. 

Mr. Sharratt, painter, and Mr. Fisher, tobacconist, had a nice arrangement of coloured 
cloth to the front of their establishments. 

Mr. L. W. Brookes, printer and stationer, efifeotively decorated his premises with 
bunting, flowers, trophies, &c. 


In the Com Market, the prevailing type of street decoration — we mean the public part 
of it, undertaken by the Decoration Committee — was of a somewhat conventional, but, on the 
whole, of a very effective character. Tall Venetian masts, covered with crimson cloth, with 
spiral gilt terminals, and relieved half way up by shields of arms, surrounded with trophies 
of parti-coloured banners, were the prevailing order of the day. Much fault was found by some 
people with the masts aforesaid. Enveloped in scarlet cloth, these elevated *' scaffold poles *' — 
as with some contumely they were designated — are said by the critics in question to have been 
veritable *' wolves in sheep's clothing " — ^making terrible havoc with the streets which were 
dug up for their reception, being (it is said) personaUy objectionable to the Prince of Wales, 
who is sick of their ever-recurring conventionality, and having the unfortunate effect of 
narrowing (in appearance) the vista of the thoroughfares which they lined. But '' destructive 
criticism " is an easy task, and it would be difficult, if not impossible, to suggest any publicly 
undertaken form of street decoration which would at all adequately supply their place. Like 
the much-abused bazaars, we cannot — theories and criticism to the contrary — do without 
them, and their absence (to employ a phrase which is used of departed worthies) would leave 
a blank which it would be difficult to All. The decoration of this thoroughfare^and, indeed 

Eeeard of the Qtum'$ StaU Virit to Derbif. 

of most of the central thoronghfueB we are aboat to deBcribe — was in the very capable hands 
of Messrs. Pigott and Co., of London (locally represented by Mesars. Topham and Co., 
St. Peter's Street), who also erected at the Boyal Hotel comer a handsome doable arch of ever- 
greens, &c., and a band stand round the " Five Lamps," the base being of crimBon cloth, 
relieved with handsomely painted coats of arms, and sormonnted with Venetian masts, 
trophiee, and bannerets, the whole relieved, like the adjacent arch, with an effective arrange- 
ment of greenery. At the comer of the Com Market and Bt. James's Street was suspended a 

Tbe BoiAi. Hotel. 

magnificent floral canopy, of dome-like shape, sormoanted in the centre by a royal crown, 
whilst dependent from it was a beautiful basket of flowers. This also was the 
effective handiwork of Messrs. Pigott and Co. The private decorations of this thoronghfore were 
of an extensive character, though some of them were so very late in being pat ap as to run great 
penis of omiaaion from our record. The occurrence of the Whitsuntide holiday in the very 
midst of the undertaking impeded to some extent the operations of the private decorators, 
though they did their best to make up for the loss of time thus involved by working all night 

94 Record of the QueevCs State Visit to Derby, 

on Tuesday and Wednesday. The '' Boyal " Hotel — as became its name and fame — was a 
centre of demonstrative loyalty aptly embodied in type and symbol. There was a large 
coloured (illuminated) transparency of the Queen — or rather what we might more precisely 
term a '* Jubilee " profile of Her Majesty — flanked on either side of the central stone arcading 
with crystal devices containing the initials of the Queen and Prince of Wales. There was also 
an effective drapery of red and amber to the window sills, and the whole building was set off 
with shields and trophies of bannerets, and surmounted with the Koyal Standard and other 
appropriate flags. Messrs. Jefferson, drapers, of Albert House, had similar arrangements of 
shields and trophies, the effective novelty in this instance being an over-hanging drapery of 
blue and amber, which had a very pretty effect. The central window was flanked by the 
initials " V.B. " in illuminated gas jets. The strong point of the Derby and Derbyshire 
Banking Go's, premises was its splendid series of crystal illuminations, in Messrs. Defries and 
Go's, best style, embracing a magnificent device of blue and white, with Boyal initials in "the 
centre, and surmounted with a ruby and amber crown. On either side were the letters 
'' V.B. " in huge white crystals, and above them were stars with red cross centres, encircled 
with the motto of the Order of the Garter, Honi soit qui mal y pense. Here, also, in addition to 
a noble shield of the Boyal arms, was a most effective drapery of brown material, with a heavy 
fringing and tassels of amber — quite the prettiest thing in this part of the thoroughfare. On 
the other side of the road Messrs. John Wells and Co., provision merchants, and 
Mr. Finder, mantle maker, had notable displays, whilst the Derby , Brewery Company 
(Mr. Hugh Scott), at the ** Old Angel " Inn, showed a most effective gas jet illumination 
representing a winged figure of Fame, blowing a trumpet, with the inscription on a scroll, 
'' The world greets thee, Queen and Empress ! *' Mr. Moore, jeweller, the Mercury Office, and 
Messrs. Batcliff and Co., ironmongers, furnished an almost continuous line of drapery in 
crimson and amber, relieved with shields and trophies of banners, and surmounted with flags. 
The premises of Mr. Bichardson, hatter and hosier, furnished an effective contrast, the 
draperies consisting of a striking tricolored arrangement of red, white, and blue, with 
bright red flags, relieved with many coloured crosses. Mr. Clifton, chemist, took up 
the red and amber arrangement, whilst Mr. Hurd, pork butcher, displayed, in white 
letters on a red ground, the motto, '' God bless our Queen.'* The Conservative Club 
— though not by any means so tastefully adorned as on the occasion of the Jubilee com- 
memoration — ^was, nevertheless, gay with the conventional shields and drapery of the 
professional decorators, much improved by the additional touches of Mr. Edwin Haslam, 
who prettily picked out the windows with pink and white rosettes, and connected the blue 
and amber window hangings with festoons of evergreens and flowers. The doorway was 
surmounted by the Boyal arms, and on a large crystal device at the comer, emblazoned with 
the initials '' Y.B.I." and surmounted by a crown, was the superscription in blue letters, 
** Conservative Club." The Reporter Office had a pretty arrangement of yellow and red, and 
Messrs. Orme, Benals, and Co., in addition to a handsome crystal device, flanked by large 
crystal crowns, had the orthodox display of flags, banners, and shields. Mr. J. Cholerton, 
bootmaker, displayed a loyal motto, banners, and " V.B." in coloured lamps ; and 

Record of the Qtteen's State Visit to Derby, 96 

Messrs. Ward, boot and shoe manufaotnrer, had a singularly efifective display, consisting of 
draperies of bright colours, coloured lamps, Boyal arms, and motto, ** Loyal hearts greet 
thee, India's Empress and England's Queen." The premises of Messrs. Hurd and Bentley, 
drapers, were tastefally adorned, and Messrs. Bourne and Hussey, tailors, and Messrs. 
Poole and Co., tobacconists, besides flags and shields, showed pretty devices in coloured 
lamps. The comer premises of Mr. Eaton, tobacconist, were brightly decked, and bunting 
was displayed by Mr. Gilbert, draper. To sum up, the whole thoroughfare, with its 
bright garlands of artificial flowers running between the Venetian masts, presented a 

particularly bright and pleasing appearance. 



The Market Place, as was fitting for the civic centre of the town, was pre-eminently 
successful in its decorative adornments, and the Town Hall, as the home of the municipality, 
was the object of a large amount of appreciative attraction. Bound the barricades of the 
Market Place, Mr. Wm. Harris, of Liverpool, had placed, at intervals, Venetian masts and 
other decorations of an effective character. The Bass* statue stand and the band stand were 
richly decorated by Messrs. James Pain and Sons, of London, whose managing representa- 
tive was Mr. F. C. Womersley, their local agents being Messrs. J. and G. Haywood, of the 
Market Place. These stands were covered in with red material, surrounded by handsome 
masts in green satin, with base of crimson plush pedestals. The whole of the masts were 
entwined with floral festooning, and around the centre of each mast also was a handsome 
floral bracket. These masts were connected by floral festooning in canopy style, with elegant 
floral baskets suspended from the centre of each. The Town Hall, apart from its liberal 
display of bunting and decorative adjuncts, presented a veritable chef d^ceuvre of the illumi- 
nator's art. There is no need to enlarge on this point when we say that it was entrusted to 
the celebrated firm of Messrs. Defries and Co., of London, valuably supplemented by their 
local agents, Messrs. W. T. Crump and Co., of Friar Gate. From the base of the building 
to the summit of the tower, the whole fa^e of this handsome classic structure — ^which is 
singularly adapted for treatment of this character — was encompassed with a frame, effectively 
marking its architectural outline, of many-coloured lamps and rows of naked gas jets. In 
this way, every moulding and window frame and canopied niche was lit up and displayed to 
the best possible advantage, and several handsome devices in crystal were used to fill in the 
design. The lower portion of the building was set off with a balcony-like drapery of crimson 
and gold, lit up with festoons of many-coloured lamps. The walls higher up were adorned 
with shields and banners, and from the tower, which was connected with the building beneath 
by streams of bannerets, flags floated gaily in the spring-like breeze. The Queen's Beception 
Stand — the stand immediately in front of the Town Hall, where the Corporation and other 
addresses were presented — was entrusted to the eminent firm of Messrs. Liberty, of 
London. The stand, which was reserved for the Corporation and their officials and for 
the Mayor's friends, was of semi-circular form, in height somewhat unnecessarily 

96 Record of the Queen^a State Visit to Derby, 

top heavy, and capable of accommodating 600 persons. It was decorated in a very 

tasteful manner, being sumptuously covered and hung with claret-coloured material 

— which had a very rich and at the same time a very warm and comfortable 

appearance — and surmounted with gilt-topped crimson poles, carrying parti -coloured 

bannerets, emblazoned with the various arms and insignia of Royalty, the whole heightened 

in effect by an unstinted use of artistic adjuncts and a liberal display of evergreens 

and flowers. In front, and weU within view of the large and influential company here 

assembled, was a pavilion or canopy of Indian character — ^very correctly designed by 

Messrs. Liberty and Co., of London — under which the royal carriage was drawn whilst the 

Queen received the various addresses which were presented to Her Majesty, that of the 

Corporation by the Mayor from a raised dais. The four comer supports of this very pretty 

structure were adorned with curtains drawn in towards the bottom, and the eaves of the roof 

were surmounted by stencil work forming a kind of Moresque palisade round the roof, which 

tapered gradually upward, a miniature banner being placed at each comer, whilst the summit 

was crowned with a flagstaff carrying the Royal Standard. The large stand adjoining it was 

covered with a canvas awning, and it was wisely determined to remove the whole structure as 

soon as possible affcer the completion of the ceremonies aforesaid, in order not to obstruct the 

Town HaU illuminations, and magnificent crystal device erected by Messrs. Defines in firont of 

the clock tower, and the splendid illuminated sentiments of loyalty — such as '' God bless our 

Queen,'* and '* There are none like her *' — with which they had adorned the front of the 

municipal buildings. Though not quite germain to the subject of decorations, we ought whilst 

on the subject of stands, to notice the capital stands, all more or less brightly draped and 

adorned, which were put up in various parts of the Market Place. These comprised the 

grand pyramidal stand for 8,000 children in the centre of the square, the Bass* statue stand, 

capable of accommodating 600 people, the stand in firont of the Assembly Rooms (which 

held 600) for the boys of Repton School, and the stand for the Grenadier Guards' 

Band. The character of the decorations employed in the adornment of these structures — 

greatly enhanced by the numbers of well-dressed people who occupied them — has already 

been indicated. If the public decorations of the civic authorities were good, those of the 

private residents and shopkeepers were proportionately no less spirited in their character. 

The extensive block of buildings occupied by Messrs. Moult, tailors ; Mr. Frost, 

chemist ; and Messrs. Pike and Co., baby linen sellers ; with the offices of Messrs. 

Watson, Sowter, and Co., accountants — were effectively adorned with a drapery of 

blue material, edged with amber fringe. Above were shields and trophies of flags, and in the 

centre, in gold letters on a white ground, surrounded with a border of pink and white rosettes, 

was the motto, *' God save our gracious Queen." The premises of Messrs. Austin and 

Co. (late Storer's), grocers, and Mr. A. J. Emery, hatter, were cheerfully 

bright with draperies of crimson and amber, shields and banners, and the Royal 

arms flanked with the inscription, in white letters on a bright red ground, "God 

bless our Queen." The classic front of Messrs. Smith's Bank was suitably 

decorated with an esthetic drapery of olive-coloured material, festooned with yellow silk, 

Record of the Queen's State VUit to Derby, 97 

and, in addition to several bold and efifective shields of arms and trophies of bannerets, 
it had a large ruby crystal star of great beauty in the centre of the building. 
Mr. Yeomans, tobacconist ; Messrs. Barlow and Taylor, drapers ; and Mr. J. B. Taylor, furrier, 
continued the line of loyalty ; and Messrs. Bakewell and Wilson, grocers, besides the 
customary conventionalities, had a nice show of evergreens and white flowers, pleasantly 
relieved by the warm red draperies of Mr. Bosson, gunmaker, on the adjacent premises. 
Passing the very tasteful adornments of Messrs. Bemrose's premises, which were visible from 
the comer of Irongate, and noticing the shields of Mr. Steer, jeweller, we come to the 
premises of Mr. Carter, glass and china dealer, on which Were inscribed, in yellow letters 
on blue boards, *' Long may Victoria reign.*' Messrs. Haywood, ironmongers, effectively 
displayed, in white letters on a broad red cloth band, the superscription, '* Victoria, Begina, 
Imperatrix." The Bible Society's Dep6t (Mr. Ward) was rendered conspicuous by a, 
singularly appropriate design, which was admirably executed, of a Holy Bible (open at 
St.' John iii. 13), with a halo of glory and a crown above, and the motto, on a 
foundation-stone, " The foundation of England's greatness," with a coloured representation 
of roses, shamrocks, and thistles intertwined beneath. Mr. Stanesby, cooper, displayed 
flags, and Mrs. Hall's premises were tastefully adorned. The same remark applies to those 
of Mr. Jones, upholsterer, who showed a fine cast of the Boyal Arms; Mr. Slack, 
refreshment house keeper ; and Messrs. Girardot, Forman, and Fountain, Limited. The 
usually dingy Assembly Booms showed signs of festivity, and the premises of Mr. Edgar Home, 
music seller, were gaily adorned. Very bright was the colouring of the canopied balcony of 
Messrs. Peters, Bartsch, and Co., which was surmounted by a crystal star. The newly- 
erected premises of the Boyal Oak (Mr. Eadie) were tastefully decked with a festoon of pale 
blue and white, surmounted by the Boyal Arms, and the Police Office was decorated in 
harmony with tlie adjacent Town Hall. The Advertiser Office was suitably adorned, the 
draperies of red and amber— embodying the motto, '* God Save the Queen " — being relieved 
by an illuminated crystal star. The premises of Mr. Ernest Brindley, provision dealer; 
Messrs. Scales and Son, boot makers; and Messrs. Smith and Son, clock makers and 
jewellers, were also gay with bunting and flags. Before leaving the Market Place, we ought 
to emphasize the fiebct that the ffisthetically arranged draperies of the Queen's Beception Stand 
— in most exquisitely blended art shades, the curtains being of Japanese manufacture — were 
the subjects of special admiration. Plants and flowers — ^in vases and on floral brackets round 
the Venetian masts and in other points of vantage — were introduced with excellent effect. 
The tout ensemble was admitted, on all hands, to be singularly effective. 


Venetian masts were absent from this thoroughfiEure, but the street was gaily garlanded 
from side to side with bright artificial flowers, in canopy style, baskets of flowers being 
suspended from the centre, the whole presenting a most effective appearance. The 
St. James's Hotel (Mr. Wagstaff's) was draped with prettily shaded " Liberty " silks, and, 


98 Record of the QwevCs State Vidt to Derby. 

besides a large cast of the Eoyal Arms, a crystal star, and floral devices, displayed the motto 
in bold red letters on a white ground, ^^ Salve Regina Imperatrix.** Mr. Biches, milliner, 
showed a pretty drapery of crimson and amber, and Mr. Fletcher, confectioner, displayed an 
effective motto, '* God Bless our Queen." Messrs. Simpson and Bickard, tailors; Messrs. 
Morgan Bros., boot and shoemakers ; Mr. Husband, tailor ; Mrs. Lowe, milliner ; 
Mr. Morris, tailor ; and Mr. Lineham, hairdresser, also displayed emblems of loyalty ; 
whilst Mr. Wbeldon's umbrella dep6t exhibited a magnificent *' Mrs. Gamp,*' which he had 
manufoctured for an African chieftain. 


The imposing facade of the Town Club, at ijie comer of the Strand, presented a very 
brilliant appearance. The cornice at the top of the building was draped with blue and amber, 
surmounted with large shields of the Boyal arms, set off with trophies of many-coloured 
banners, the towers at the top of the building being gay with a multitude of flags. The 
Strand Boot Go.'s shop beneath was adorned with shields of the Boyal arms, a prettily 
devise^ drapery of red and amber, and a motto, in the same colours, " God Bless our gracious 
Queen." The Birmingham District and Counties Bank, on the other side of the street, was 
similarly bedecked — its window-sills in red and amber, and its stone wall relieved with shields 
and trophies of flags — whilst the whole range of Mr. Woodiwiss* buildings on the same side 
of the road was brightened by a liberal display of flags and bannerets. The blank wall at the 
back of the Mechanics' Institute was relieved by an effective motto, in white letters on a red 
ground, the whole surmounted by a very pretty border — " Welcome to Derby." The rear of 
the Free Library was decked with shields and trophies of banners, with an overhanging device 
of red cloth, inscribed with the appropriate sentiment, in amber letters, *' Touched with 
human gentleness and love." The Corporation Art Gallery took advantage of the opportunity 
to set up their image and superscription on a vacant panel — i.e., to paint the borough arms 
in gold, and beneath them the words, *' Derby Corporation Art Gallery." This will be a 
useful intimation to visitors long after the Queen's visit has passed by. The front of the Art 
Gallery was suitably set off with banners and shields. Messrs. George and Dean, 
upholsterers, and Mr. Atherstone, hatter, displayed signs of gaiety, and the premises of 
the Liberal Club were brightly adorned. The whole thoroughfare was prettily embowered 
with garland^ of bright flowers. 


The short neck of thoroughfjAre known as Cheapside, through which the procession 
passed on its way to the Wardwick, was principally given up to stands. There was one for 
the public in front of the shop of Mr. Watt, draper, and a much larger one, running the 


whole length of St. Werburgh's churchyard, for the use of the children. The cross of 
St. Werburgh floated bravely from the church tower, and that of St. George depended from 
the window beneath. Here, again, too, our old friends, the Venetian masts, made their 
appearance, whilst in the distance the gaieties of Friar Gate were visible. The " Buck in the 

Record of tiie Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

Park," as became its desigoation, displayed a banner, on whicb was painted the arms of tbe 
borough ; and Messrs. Geo. Bottomley and Co., in addition to a plaBter cast of the Queen, sur- 
mounted by a crown and cushion, had a pretty balcony-like drapery of red and amber, with a 
goodly show of shields and flags. Mr, Wallace, ironmonger, displayed several deyicea, 
whilst the premises of his neighbour, Mr. Ashley, chemist, had a bright tri-colour 
arrangement ; and the premises of Mrs. Sinclair, hosier, were efFectivelj adorned. 
Festoons of evergreens and banners connected the Venetian masts on either side of the road. 

The Fbib Libbiat. 

(W. W. WinUr, Derby. 

Pnmt a Photo, by) 

Turning the comer into the Wardwick, tbe line of progress was marked by Venetian 
masts, the conventional crimson of the poles being relieved at tbe base by a square box-like 
arrangement of bine, which had a pretty effect Tbe Free Library, in its way, was a che/ 
iCcBttvre, not indeed of the decorator's, but of . the illuminator's art. It is not a building that 
lends itself to much upholstery. In fact, its beauties, like nature's, are " When unadorned. 



100 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

adorned the most.*' The main thmg was to show up to advantage the architeotoral outlines of 
the building, and this, too, was most picturesquely accomplished by Messrs. Defries and Sons, 
who picked out the windows and mouldings with lamps of many colours, the lower part 
of the building being lit up with festoons of the same, whilst the outlines of the roof and 
tower were effectively marked with naked gas jets. The lamps, as we have said, looked very 
pretty by day as well as by night, the effect, especially after they were lit up, being quite of a 
fairy-like character. Flags were displayed to advantage from the battlements of the tile-clad 
tower, and the front and back of the building were tastefully decorated with trophies, ever- 
greens, etc. Mr. Eaton, grocer, and adjacent shop occupiers, displayed shields and 
banners ; and the houses of Mr. Frank Iliffe, surgeon, and Mr. Vaudrey, surgeon, were taste- 
fully adorned, the former with festoons of red, white, and blue, and the latter with red and 
white draperies, and the motto, " Long live our noble Queen," in white letters on a red 
ground. The quaint Jacobean house of Mr. Darwin Huish, solicitor, was appropriately 
decked with ancient shields of arms ; and on the house of Mr. Francis, surgeon, was an 
effective tri-colour arrangement. Mr. Councillor Harrison and the Cash Tailoring Company 
had a brave display, and the premises of their neighbours, Messrs. Alton and Co., 
brewers; were pleasingly adorned. A novelty in the decoration of the Mechanics* Institution 
was the employment of a broad edging of white lace on scarlet cloth, which had a very 
tasteful appearance. The main entrance was surmounted by the letters *' V.B.,*' and a 
St. George's cross, in a circle, surmounted by a royal crown in open gas jets. Mr. Linnell's 
drapery shop and the County Club above were nicely draped and flngged, and in addition 
to an illuminated St. George's star, the lower part of the building was lit up with a 
line of green and red lamps. The ** Lord Nelson ** was bright in blue and amber, and the 
whole street was gaily garlanded with bright flowers from side to side. 


The *' Five Lamps " at the entrance to Victoria Street— opposite to the Post Office — 
was surmounted with a pretty pagoda-like structure of crimson cloth with fringings of amber, 
and shields of arms. It contained' in panels attributes of "Justice," *' Integrity," ''Skill," 
" Honesty," ** Worth," and " Energy," at the base being a blue flower stand, with border 
of rustic cork, whilst over its pretty floral canopy floated the Royal Standard. There 
was a spacious band stand, adorned with evergreens at its side, and a splendid floral arch was 
erected right across the road, with two suspended banners, inscribed, in amber letters on a 
crimson ground, ''Health to Our Queen and Court," and "Let Derby Flourish." The 
Post Office Hotel was gay with banners and shields, and its doorway was surmounted with a 
crystal device. From Mrs. Ranby's shop depended long lines of bannerets and flags, and on 
the shop of Mr. Hirst, draper, was the device, in white letters on a red ground, " God 
bless our Queen." In similar colours, the shop front of Mr. Dearsley, fishmonger, 
contained the two inscriptions, " God Save our Gracious Queen," and " May she long live 
to reign." That part of the " Royal *' which fades Victoria Street was effectively adorned, 

Rxord of the Queni* StaU Vint to Derby. 

bat, by a lack of co-operation on the part of the adjacent office occupiers, the decorations 
unfortunately stopped short at the Athenffium Boom, the extensiTe newlj-painted walls of 
which presented a very bare and naked appearance. In the upper show-room window of 
Messrs. Johnson and Son, jewellers, there was an (esthetic arrangement of beautifully 
shaded silks, and the premises were surmounted by a painted shield of the Boyal Arms, 
surmounted by a trophy of banners, and flanked by the Boyal Standard and Union Jack. 
The stand in front of the Congregational Church was tastefully adorned, and Mr. Stevenson, 
chemist, had a brave display. The Boyal Standard floated from the Post Office, and the 
Venetian masts were connected by intertwming festoons of brightly coloured flowers, inter- 
sected with Chinese lanterns, floral baskets, and other devices of a highly tasteful and 
artistic nature. Mr. Hefford, batter, and Messrs. Steele and Frazer, tailors, made suitable 
displays, whilst the premises of Mr. Smith (late Low's), restaurateur, and Mr. E. Clnlow, 
stationer, were marked by draperies of an effective character. 


North Leys, Duffield Boad, the imposing residence of His Worship the Mayor, had been 
artistically decorated externally, in honour of the great wd auspicious event which will long 
distinguish his year of office as one of the most memorable in local annals. Inside the 
grounds and running alongside the Duffield Boad, eleven Venetian masts had been erected, 
and from these floated bannerets, whilst festoons of smaller flags connected the poles with 
one another. To each pole a shield bearing various arms had been attached, and these were 
surmounted by small flags. The illuminations took the form of a large crystal, hy the side 
of which were the letters " V.B." Over the gateway an arch composed of evergreens had 
been erected, and above this was placed a large crown for illuminating. 

At the Union Foundry, the Mayor's works, the decorations were of a similar character. 
A Boyal Standard floated above the works, whilst between the windows shields and some 
flags were placed. Near the roof numerous flag poles had been fastened, and these were 
connected with festoons. Over the entrance to the works were the letters "V.E. " for 
illummating, and between these was a very fine centre piece. 

102 Record of the Queen's SteUe Visit to Derby, 


Outside the line along which the Royal procession passed many buildings had been 
decorated and illuminated, and in nearly every street in the town some show of loyalty was 
made, either by a floating flag or by a house decorated with bunting. Passing along the 
Irongate the first illumination to strike the eye was that on Messrs. Crompton and Evans' 
Union Bank. This consisted of a large crystal device, whilst on either side were shields and 
above it a number of flsbgs. On Mr. Brigden's establishment there was a large star, and the 
letters '* V.R.'* formed by gas jets, below which was a row of flowers, the pots in which they 
were planted being concealed by a nice arrangement of red and blue bunting artistically placed 
on a white ground. From Messrs. Cox and Bo wring's and Messrs. Ward and Sons' business 
premises hung large flags, and in Queen Street the only illumination was a star of gas jets on 
Mr. Gilbert's premises, but along the street there were numerous flags, etc. Flags also floated 
from the towers of All Saints' and St. Michael's Churches, and the spire of St. Alkmund's. In 
King Street there were more decorations of a similar nature. Over the gateway leading to 
St. Helen's House hung two large banners, and the front of that spacious building was 
decorated with bunting of various colours, artistically arranged. There were also numerous 
shields on the House bearing the Royal and Borough Arms and other devices, and these were 
surrounded by small flags. At Mr. Styche's furniture warehouse a banner with festoons on 
either side set ofif the entrance. In Bridge Gate one could not fail to be struck with the 
decorations, which, although on a moderate scale, showed the loyalty of the people. In Friar 
Gate the Gas Company's ofiQces were the chief attraction, and here the decorations and 
illuminations were of an extensive character. In the front of the buildings four rows of gas 
jets with coloured lamps ran up to the roof, and on the upper part similar rows of lamps 
surmounted the whole. In the centre of the building were the letters ''V.R." and a large 
star, whilst on either side there was another star. The last mentioned lot of illuminations 
all had gas jets and formed a contrast with the coloured lamps on the other parts of the 
building. Right across the front of the building were two rows of blue cloth — one bright and 
the other of a darker hue, both being finished off with gold coloured fringe. On the windows 
were three large shields surrounded by flags, whilst large flags floated from the upper 
windows. Round the windows themselves a pretty effect was obtained by their being nicely 
decorated with the new art muslin in various shades. On the residence of Dr. Ernest Taylor 
red bunting had been used to advantage, whilst at Mr. Davis's the decorations took the form 
of festoons hung from the roof. The Friar Gate Coffee House had the words " Welcome to 
our Queen " in large gold letters on a dark red ground across the front of the building, in 
addition to some flags. The premises of Messrs. Crump and Co. were illuminated with a 
number of gas jets with coloured lamps on the upper part of the building, and at the Savings 
Bank s^everal shields surrounded by flags formed the principal part of the decorations. 
Numerous flags floated from many private residences and business premises all along 
Friar Gate, and gave the thoroughfare a lively appearance. Curzon Street showed 
several banners. Beneath the windows of the Poor Law Offices in Becket Street, 

Bscord of tfic Qtmn't State Visit to Derbij, 

lUcord of the Qtum'$ StaU Vint to Det^. 

red and white bimting formed the decorstions, and numerous shields and flags were 
festooned. A large 6a$ floated over the bnildinga, as also did one from the premises of 
Mr. Shenton, and from the Drill Hall. In St. Mary's Gate the County Hall was prominent by 
its illnminations, which were apparently those uned in the Jubilee decorations in 1667. They 
consisted of the letters V.E.I, in front of the three windows, and two large stars of bare gas 
jets. There were no other decorations on the buildings. Flags were hoisted at the residence 
of Mr. Taylor, and at the ofBces of Messrs. Eddowes and Son, and Mr. Whiston, whilst at the 
latter place there was also the Royal Arms surmounted by flags. There was also another 
illumination in this thoroughfare, viz., at the office of Messrs. Bobothatn, Attwood, and 
Bobotham. This illamination was of similar letters to those used at the County Hall, and 

FTOm a Photo, by) 

Taa BoTAL Cbowm Dirby Pokcilain Wouch. [W. W. WwUar, Derby. 

also in bare gas jets. Along the Osmaeton and Normanton Roads there were very few 
decorations beyond an occasional flag. The Arboretum Hotel, Osmastoo Boad, had the 
Boyal Arms placed on it, together with the sentences, "God bless our Queen. Long ja&^ 
she reign." The arms were surrounded by flags, tastefully arranged. Several flags hung 
from the windows of the hotel, whilst in Begent Street the Prince Begent Inn had an 
exactly similar decoration to that on the above-mentioned hotel. Messrs, Cox and Sidley 
also had a device on which were similar words. In the same street, Mr. Smith, butcher, 
had a very effective arrangement. A line of cloth stretched across the front of his premises, 
and on it was an excellent representation of a Bible in gold clasps, and the inscription, 
" The Secret of England's greatness," Beyond Station Street, on the London Road, 

Record of the Queen*9 State VisU to Derby. 106 

there were several decorations on a small scale and some flags, and in the streets branching 
off from the road nearer the St. Peter's Street end a flag or two could be seen. 
Coming to the Municipal Offices in Babington Lane, six banners were seen floating from the 
windows, whilst over the doorway were the Boyal Arms, surrounded by Union Jacks and red, 
white, and blue bunting. In Albert Street the principal decoration was on the Go-operative 
Society's building. A flag floated over the top and from the pole festoons were carried 
down to the roof. The front of the buildings had two rows of red and white cloth, 
and presented a good appearance. On the Com Exchange a number of shields and small 
flags were placed, whilst outside the Star Vaults was a full length portrait of the Queen, with 
the words, ''Welcome, Victoria." Dr. Hough's residence in Full Street was nicely decorated 
with blue and yellow bunting round the lower windows, whilst at the upper ones were a 
number of flowers. The residence and works of Mr. Councillor Lowe, Stuart Street, were 
illuminated. At the end of the buildings were the letters " V.B.," and a large crown in gas 
jets, whilst in the front was a row of coloured lamps, with a star in plain gas. In Derwent 
Street, the Market Tavern and Mr. Smith's shop were decorated, whilst from Messrs. Mason's 
colour works and Mr. Johnson's shop there was a large piece of red bunting, bearing the 
words *' God Bless our Queen." In Tenant Street and along the Morledge numerous flags 
floated, and in many other streets in the town there were signs of loyalty which gave a gay 
air and bright appearance to them all. 

The following were the illuminations and decorations by Messrs. J. Defines and Son, London 
(Messrs. Crump and Co., agents, Derby) : — Midland Station and Hotel : A grand illumination 
in crystals and coloured garlands, large revolving star and " Welcome " in gas, and crystal 
** V.B.," together with a variety of medallion devices, stars, etc., the whole outlined with 
elfln lamps in various colours. The fronts of the Station and Hotel were elegantly draped 
with upholstered cloth and amber bullia fringe. These designs were settled, and the work 
carried out by Messrs. Defries, under the personal superintendence of Mr. G. H. Turner, the 
assistant general manager of the company. The Town Hall and Free Library : Splendid 
illuminations and decorations, etc., etc. Mrs. Warrington, George Hotel : Large medallion 
in crystal, with <*V.B." monogram and a row of amber lamps. Advertiser Office, Market 
Place : Bruoswick star and decorations, trophies, flags, etc. Mrs. Leech, London Boad : 
Letters " V.B." in crystal, with double row of coloured lamps, also fairy lamps suspended to 
the trees. Derby and Derbyshire Bank, Com Market : Large crystal medallion, with 
monogram " V.B.," surmounted by a crystal crown in purple colour, large letters •* V.B., " 
and two crystal Brunswick stars, with row of coloured lamps on the top of the cornice. 
Messrs. Peters, Bartsch, and Co., Market Place: Crystal Brunswick star and suitable 
decorations. County Club, Wardwick : Crystal stars, with drapery and trophies ; shield over 
entrance, with County Arms. Henry Boden, Esq., The Friary : Crystal letters " V.B.," also 
a row of coloured lamps on the cornice. Messrs. G. and M. Linnell, Wardwick : Bow of 
coloured lamps and suitable drapery. Messrs. Thos. Crump and Co., Friar Gate Works: 
The architecture of the building outlined with coloured lamps, and a crystal Brunswick star 
in centre. County Hall, St. Mary's Gate : The windows outlined with open gas jets ; large 

Record of the Queen's State Vint to Derby. 

Bnmswick stara, one over eaoh door, and windows filled in with " y.It,I.," the whole forming 
a most effective illomination, 

Mr. Edwin Haslam, of St. Helen's Street, had anpplied a lar^e number of illuminations 
and decorations. Amongst "the illuminations he fixed were the following : — A large crystal 
to the St. James's Hotel, and the decorations on the same bnilding ; the decorations oo 
Dr. Hough's residence. Full Street, and a large crystal and the decorations on Messrs. Bemrose 
and Sons' establishment, 'Iron Gate. The illuminations, consisting of a large crown, the 
letters "V.B.," with a centre piece, on the residence of the Mayor, North Leea, Duffield 
Boad, and also the letters "[V.B." and three large crystals on the Union Foundry, City 
Boad, the Mayor's Works. The large oval aud star on the Conseivative Club.and^the gas 
jeta which formed the Brunswick star and the letters " V.E." on Mr, Brigden'a premises, Iron 
Gate, and also the large illnmination and decorations at the Angel Inn, Corn Market. 

Messrs, John Davis and Son, of All Saints' Works, had the opportunity, for the first 
time in Derby, of showing how pretty illuminations can he made to look with the aid of the 
electric light. They were reaponaible for the letters " V.B.," very prettily outlined in small 
lamps, over Messrs. Pountaui, Girardot, and Forman's premises, and also for the 500 candle- 
power lamp which brilliantly illuminated Messrs. Bakewell aud Wilson's premises in the 
Market Place. 

I State VitU to Darbt/. 


GaiuB in comprehensiTeiifiBs what it loses in effectiveneas. It was by Messrs. Joliu Smith and 
Sons' juTenile clockwinder — W. S. Gilbert would call him Lord High Clockwinder on the 
aospicious day — that the Man of Ink was piloted up the dark and devious stairway, and 
oat apon the lower leads. The lad plays the role of the early bird who catches the silver 

worm. The sun, in the warm heart of May, is also an early riser, and be bad to borrow 
the well-linown metaphor from Hudibras 

and ensconaed himself behind a cleudy pillar ere onr repreBenlative esBayed the Bumsian 
fnnotion of "takin' notes" with a view to "prent 'em." 

106 Record of the Queen's State Vint to Derby. 

The streets were alive with workmen, who were, after a busy night, occupied with putting 
the finishing touches on the labours of the past fortnight. Flags were being run up, and 
bunting was still an increasing quantity. The chronicler had too much work on hand to look 
far afield, but it took no more than twenty heart-beats to note that over Strutt*s Park and 
beyond the rugged Chevin, where on clear days the purple prospect melts into nothingness, 
is Crich Stand, like a single tooth set on an inverted basin. To the right-about, in a 
favourable atmosphere, you can discern Breedon-on-the-Hill Church. In the centre of the 
South Derbyshire plain you may exercise the Johnsonian privilege to 

Let observation with extensive view 
Survey mankind from China to Pern 

if Spondon be allowed for the Celestial Empire and Littleover for Guanalaud. In the 
middle distance, crossed and recrossed by creamy pufflets of snail-crawling trains is the 
valley of the river Perwent, beside whose banks the Boyal train could be traced from 
Derby to its vanishing point beneath the aforesaid Chevin. Derby town appears from 
here not unlike a child's puzzle of dull red toy houses. Some light grey stone bailt 
buildings stand out in sharp relief against the prevailing burnt amber of the bricks, while 
the blue slates of the new houses in the outskirts are in contrast to the ruddy tiles of the 
old town. Here and there church spires and the dome^ of sume public buildings rise 
superior to the general level, and serve as landmarks to unravel the unfamiliar brick-and- 
mortar puzzle referred to. The size of everything below is as if the spectator were looking 
through the object glass of a small sixpenny telescope instead of through the eyepiece, and 
there is a corresponding diminution of sound. Ordinarily, especially on dull smoky mornings, 
Derby, from this coign of vantage, appears particularly quiescent. It has a chrysalis-like 
dulness. But from this chrysalis it had emerged as a gay multi-coloured butterfly — nay, 
numerous butterflies. You could not see much of the actual route of the procession, bat it 
was fringed here and there, until distance destroyed its perceptibiUty, and the gauzy mist-veil 
obliterated minute objects, with bannerets and flaglings and devices, like butterflies strung 
on strings, or pinned on the walls. It would only have required the aid of an opera glass to 
have witnessed the presentation of the addresses in front of the Town Hall. There is no 
intervening obstacle, the crimson-covered stand, the raised dais, and the canopy under which 
the Boyal State Coach drew up being plainly discemable. The five-fold triumphal arch on 
The Spot, and the floral device at St. James's Street were also visible, while further on, the 
condemned Infirmary Buildings and the grand marquee were seen. The church towers and 
spires contributed to the joyous display, and from them all flew the festal flags of the period 
of Pentecost. One could not be quite sure, owing to the distance, whether a flag floated from 
H.M. Prison — that sombre collection of buildings is more intimately associated in the vulgar 
mind by a flag of another hue — the peonant of death. Viewed from aloft Venetian masts lose 
their effectiveness, and distance, which proverbially lends enchantment to the view, also 
insignificates the individual. By the assistance of magoifying lenses, however, the Boyal 
progress could be well traced from and to the Spot, but without such visual aid Her 
Majesty's state coach was indistinguishable 'from what, in vulgar parlance, is known as 

Beeord of iht Qaem'M StaU Vuit to Derby. 

the "common oi garden growler." At this aldtade Tehiclea are beetles and people flies. 
Thej are wandering along the streets and across the Derwent Bridge in streams. Further 
on, up Green Hill and against Christ Chnroh, they are ants. 

Derby, before this, has we all know welcomed many Royal personages. Rectification of the 
frontier was a bvonrite pastime with the pre-conqaest barbarians ; and as the line of 
demarcation between the etmggling factions was shifted alternately now this side of Derby 
and now that, it is &u; to assume that the serfli-ciTilised sovereigns who personally led their 
forces, made snndry and mamfold triumphal entries into the town. Derby was known in 
1 times as & Royal borough, and Litchurch, later on, as a Royal hamlet. The dulcet 

From a Photo, bg) 

Thi Ols Sii.1 Mill 

W. W. Wittier f Derby. 

chimes which played the sentiment of the day, "Ood save the Queen," were erected 
by that "great philosopher, mechanic, and worthy man," John Whitehuist, in 1746. 
Their taneful strains first fell on Royal ears when bonnie Prince Charlie entered Derby, only 
to flee. For early on the following morning 

for the retreat. During the last century or thereabouts this same tower of All Saints' haa 
seen many occasions of general rejoicing, but none that can in any way be considered 
comparable to the recent one. Had not the noble house of Devonshire — the aged head of 
which is deeply interested in the scheme of the new Infirmary, and with whose family all 

Record of t?ie Queen's State Tint to Derbj/. 

Derbyshire a}'inpathisea by reaeon of their reoent loss — esisted, the Olorions ReTolation had 
never taken place, and the Prince of Orange never secured to Britain the lasting blessings of 
Protestantism. And then the centenary of that happy event, in which a barbecne of oxon 
and fatlings took place in &ont of the Advertiser Office, would not have occurred. Bnt 
neither this event, noi the gift of the Arboretum to the town by Joseph Stratt, nor the 
previous visits of the Queen (semi -private as they were), nor those of the Prince of Wales 
when he came to fulfil an important function at Derby School, and attended the Boyal Show 
in Oamaston Park — none of these events of first-rate importance were comparable with 
the reoent State visit of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. w 



Ou> Mabut Siohk, Dibbt Abbobetun. 

Rseord of thf Quern's State VUit to Derby. 

In oommemoratioD of the auspicious occasion, a splendid display of fireworks waa 
given in the grounds of the Arboretom, on the night of the Queen's visit, by Meaara. 
C. T. Brock & Co., the celebrated Crystal Palace pyrotechnists. There was a very lai^e 
attendance, and to a " Venetian Fair," with accompanying piomenade concert, succeeded a 
very brilliant and effective display of fireworks. No fewer than 20,000 coloured lamps and 

lanterns were artistically arranged along the v&rions walks, and presented a most pictnresqne 
appearance. The display, which was a most successful one, included an immense transparent 
fire portrait of Her Majesty, a monstre design in honour of Derby and its institutions, a 
Niagara of fire, the great Chromatropes, flights of shells and rockets, whistling fireworks, 
and a multitude of other devices. It was greatly appreciated by the large mass of sightseers 
which crowded the Arboretum on the interesting occasion. 

112 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 


The railway traffic was exceedingly heavy, and both the Midland and Great Northern 
Bailway Companies ran a number of cheap excursion trains from various parts of the country 
crowded with people anxious to witness the auspicious event. The Great Northern Bailway 
booked about four thousand passengers from Ilkeston, the Erewash and Leen Valley district, 
Grantham, Newark, Lincoln, Sleaford, Boston, Nottingham, Leeds, Bradford, Halifax, 
Doncaster, Burton, and from the smaller stations round Derby. Through the kindness 
of Mr. Wood, of the office of the Superintendent of the Line at the Midland Station, the 
following returns of their excursions have been furnished for publication : — From Sheffield, 
1,250 ; Buxton, 840 ; Manchester, 808 ; Coalville and Ashby, 250 ; Birmingham, 820 ; Lincoln 
and Newark, 250 ; Leicester, 600 ; Mansfield and the Erewash Valley, 480. In addition to 
the above list the following bookings by ordinary trains took place : — From Bipley, 1,100 ; 
Wirksworth, 850; Melbourne, 600; Burton, 1,500; whilst 5,000 persons booked from the 
stations between Nottingham and Derby. The North Staffordshire Bailway booked about a 
thousand from the Ashbourne district, whilst the London and North Western Bailway ran 
several crowded trains from the Wolverhampton district. Some little difficulty was 
experienced in getting such a host off at night, but with good arrangement the whole 
had cleared out before twelve. 


The military arrangements have already been detailed, and it only remains to say that 
the military were most valuable adjuncts to the police in the maintenance of the line of route 
during the Boyal procession, besides forming efficient guards of honour at various points, and 
adding greatly, by their presence, to the ^lat of the occasion. The arrangements for the 
arrival and departure of the troops were under the experienced superintendence of Lieut.- 
Colonel MacLeod, D.A.A.G. of the North-eastern District. Colonel Hooke, commanding the 
45th Begimental Depot at Normanton, was in command of the troops, his staff for the day 
consisting of Colonel Gascoyne, Major Coney, and Captain and Adjutant F. C. Shaw. The 
police arrangements were admirable, ample provision having being made not only for the 
extraordinary exigencies of the line of route, but for the protection of the property of the 
ratepayers — a very necessary precaution on such an exceptional occasion, in the outskirts of 
the town. The six or seven hundred police from other places were admirably looked after, 
catered for, and despatched, with business-like method, to their several destinations when 
the special duties of the day and night were over. Their duties, as both the police apd 
magistrates gladly testified, were most materially lightened by the general sobriety, orderly 
behaviour, and admirable good-humoured conduct of the immense crowds of people present 
in the streets on the occasion till a late hour. The whole of the police arrangements were 
in the very capable hands of Lieut.-Colonel Delacombe, Chief Constable of the borough, by 
whom they were most efficiently executed, with the assistance of Superintendent Jepson (who 

lUeord of the Qiuen't State Vint to Derby. 

was indefatigable in his labours), Inspectora Adams, Claye, Dexter, Tinker, and Watdron, and 
the loyal co-operation of every man under their charge. The work of the deteotivee in 
Derby on these occasions is always of a most efficient character — so much so that the 
professional thieves, usually so largely in evidence at public demonstrations of this kind, 
were, on the occasion of the Qneen's visit to Derby, chiefly conspicuous by their absence. 
Inspector Spibey and his men were assisted by some twenty detectives Arom several of the 
principal towns, notably Liverpool, Manchester, Salford, Leeds, Bradford, Sheffield, 
Nottingham, and Leicester, and the duties of these officers, though less ostentatious than 
those of the uniform men, were carried out in a manner that cftlls for the highest praise. 

At the Derby Borough Police Court, on Friday, May 22nd, the day after the Queen's visit, 
the magistrates present were Mr, Alderman Hobson and Mr. Bottomley. Mr. Hobson, 
addressing the officials of the Court, said that in the absence of the Mayor, who had been 



{Frnm <i Photo, by W. W. Winter, DnJry.) 

called away, he believed to the funeral of Lord Edward Cavendish, he should like to express. 
on behalf of the Bench, their felicitations on the admirable way in which the events of 
Thursday were carried out, and especially on the good order which prevailed throughout the 
streets, and the almost entire absence of drunkenness. He believed that he was stating a 
fact when he said that after five o'clock in the evening there was not a single case of 
dmnkennesa brought to the lock-up. — Colonel Delacombe (the Chief Constable) : That is so. 
— Mr. Hobson, proceeding, said he was the more gratified by that fact as he happened to be 
the presiding magistrate on the Bench when the application was made by the publicans 
for an hour's extension on Thursday and Friday, and he had consequently been freely 
oritioised by some of their temperance friends. Of course it was necessary to consider the 
pablio convenienoe in the way which (hey did, and he did not regret the course taken on that 
occasion. Mr. Bottomley said he could endorse the remarks made by Mr. Hobson. He had 

114 Record of the Queen* s State Visit to Derby, 

occasion to pass and repass the barriers several times during the afternoon, and he thought 
the order and goodwill of the crowds which were gathered round them was admirable, and 
that the best humour prevailed. He came down about eleven o'clock from the Midland 
Hotel, and he did not meet a single drunken man on the whole of the way. Mr. Hobson 
said he must also express their felicitations on the great and deserved honour which had 
been conferred by Her Majesty on their Chief Magistrate. 


Sir Alfred Haslam (the Mayor) presided at the Police Court on the following Monday, 
for the first time since the Queen's visit, and made some pertinent remarks relative to the 
important events of the past week. His Worship observed that it gave him the greatest 
possible satisfaction to make the announcement that during the visit of Her Majesty the 
Queen the order of the town had been of an exemplary character. He had been proud of 
Derby on many occasions, but he had never thought so much of the town and people before 
as he did at the present time. At least 200,000 people lined the route taken by the Royal 
procession, and, although intense excitement prevailed, excellent order was perceptible, and 
there were only three drunken cases for trial on Friday morning. He thought this was an 
answer to the uncharitable letters and remarks which had emanated from the Temperance 
party respecting his brother magistrates. He thought the people had justified the course 
the magistrates had taken. He would further say that the magistrates always endeavoured 
to do what was just, and that it would have been a mistake not to have given the extension 
of the licensing hours asked for. Indeed, if he had been on the Bench on the morning when 
the application was made, he should have given his cordial assent to the course the magis- 
trates then pursued. He considered that when a body of gentlemen went out of their way to 
do what was right they ought to receive the support of the inhabitants of the town. The 
good order that was kept in the town on Thursday last reflected credit not only on the 
Bench, but on the town in general. 


A special meeting of the Town Council and Urban Sanitary Authority of the Borough 
was held at the Guild Hall, Derby, on Wednesday afternoon, June 8rd. His Worship the 
Mayor (Sir Alfred Haslam) presided, and the other members of the Council 'present were 
Aldermen Holme, Hobson, Higginbottom, Sowter, Newbold, Leech, and Councillors Hon. F. 
Strutt, Heathcote, Laurie, Bottomley, Fletcher, Percy Wallis, Chas. Wallis, S. Evans, Boam, 
Riley, Hart, Jackson, Cholerton, Wright, Bowring, Marsden, Williamson, Walley, Edwin 
Haslam, Sutherland, Butterworth, Foster, Ward, J. E. Russell, Unsworth, Cox, Doherty, 
Harrison, Hill, Duesbury, Dean, and F. E. Leech. 


Mb. Aldebman Hobson craved the Mayor's permission to interpose for a few moments 
before the Council proceeded with the ordinary business of the day. He said he was sure he 

Record of the Queen* s State Visit to Derby, 116 

was acting in consonance with the feeling of every member of the Council when he rose to 
utter a word of congratulation to the Mayor personally, and to the town at large, upon the 
distinguished honour which Her Majesty the Queen had within the past few days conferred 
upon the Mayor as the civic head of the town. (Applause.) They all felt that the distinc- 
tion and the honour were in this instance, as well as in some others, well deserved. 
(Applause.) Since the Mayor entered upon tlie important duties of his office, he had dis- 
charged the functions appertaining to every department of it with singular assiduity and 
attention. (Applause.) He also took upon himself, in connection with the Boyal visit, 
duties of a most onerous and difficult character. The public were the b^st judges of the 
admirable manner with which he had fulfilled those duties, and had not been slow to award 
him their due meed of praise — (applause) — and he was confident he was echoing the senti- 
ments of the whole Council when he wished the Mayor long life and health to enjoy the 
distinction which the Queen had been pleased to bestow upon him — (applause) — a distinction 
which he was proud to think did not stand alone in that Council, for it was within their 
knowledge that during the last seven years knighthood had been conferred upon three 
valued members of the Town Council of Derby. (Applause.) One of those members had, 
unhappily, passed away. He referred to the late Sir Abraham Woodiwiss ; and another 
was not able to be present on that occasion owing to enfeebled health. The Mayor was 
happily present in the vigour of his manhood ; the Council were proud that he had received 
such a distinction, and they hoped he would long live to occupy his high position. (Applause.) 
He moved — " That the cordial congratulations of this Council be offered to the Mayor 
on the distinguished honour which the Queen had conferred upon him in appointing him to 
a knighthood." (Applause.) 

Mb. Aldbbman Newbold, in seconding the motion, said after the very graceful observa- 
tions of Mr. Alderman Hobson, its proposer, it would be an act of superfluity on his part to 
add anything to what had already been so well said. They one and all congratulated the 
Mayor on the honour he had obtained — an honour most worthily bestowed, and which 
redounded very greatly to the credit of this Corporation. (Hear, hear.) They might fairly 
claim to hold a position in this respect which few other Town Councils in the country could 
boast of, for not only had they had three knights, but a baronet created from . amongst their 
ranks during the last few years. (Hear, hear.) He had exceedingly great pleasure in 
seconding the motion. (Applause.) 

The resolution was then put by Mr. Alderman Hobson and carried unanimously, and 
with applause. 

The Matob, who was received with loud applause, said the resolution just passed had 
quite taken him by surprise, and he was sure he hardly knew what to say for himself after 
the very flattering statements which had been made with regard to himself — after the 
remarks so ably made by Mr. Alderman Hobson, so cordially seconded by Mr. Alderman 
Newbold, and which had received their unanimous approbation. They would remember that 
when he was elected to the Mayoral chair he said that he would discharge the duties which 
pertained to it as far as he could, and to the best of his ability. He had endeavoured, as far 
as his strength had allowed, to fulfil that undertaking. (Hear, hear.) He must confess he 
had not done what he should have liked — he should have liked to have done more. 
("No, no.") He had done, however, what he could, and in the accomplishment of 
that purpose he believed he had only done what any other member of the Council who 
had occupied his place would have done under the same circumstances. (Hear, hear.) 
With regard to the visit of Her Majesty to Derby, he had no idea, when he accepted 
his present office, that he should be called upon to entertain the Queen of England — the first 
lady in the land. But circumstances developed, and he (the Mayor) took advantage of the 
opportunity, and made the most of it. (Hear, hear.) Tne Queen had been amongst them, 
and he ventured to say that in no town or city had Her Majesty been accorded a more hearty 
reception or a more loyal welcome. (Applause). He might say that he had received several 
letters, both from Buckingham Palace and from Balmoral, from the Queen's Private Secretary 
and from the Lord Chamberlain, stating that Her Majesty had referred with the greatest 

116 Record of the Queen! s State Visit to Derby. 

pleasure to her visit to Derby. (Applause). This showed that the visit had pleased Her 
Majesty — (hear, hear) — and he must say that it had made a very deep impression on his own 
mind, recognising as he did, with pleasurable pride, that no town could have risen to the 
occasion better than Derby did. (Hear, hear ) He tendered to this Council and to the town 
generally his very hearty and sincere thanks for the cordial manner in which they 
co-operated with him on this memorable occasion. The Decorations Committtee especially 
worked very hard to secure such admirable results, whilst private citizens performed wonders 
in the decoration of their premises, spending very large sums of money on their decorations, 
which were executed with exceeding taste. (Hear, hear.) He thanked, indeed, all who in 
any way contributed to the success of the day. It was pleasant to think that, in time to come, 
those who followed them would see with pleasure and pride that they had not only main- 
tained the dignity of the town on this occasion, but had even excelled themselves, so to speak, 
and outstripped many other towns in the character of the reception which they had accorded 
to Her Majesty. (Hear, hear.) On this point the testimony of the Press might be accepted 
as conclusive, for certainly in connection with no Boyal visit that he could remember had the 
London papers been so full in their descriptions and so loud in their praise of what had taken 
place. (Hear, hear.) He thanked them once more for the kind way in which they had 
received Mr. Alderman Hobson's remarks. He had endeavoured to do his duty, and if, in 
that endeavour, he had met with their approbation and the approval of the town — and the 
many letters of congratulation he had received (some of them, he was sorry to say, not yet 
answered) led him to hope and believe this was the case — he was amply rewarded. (Hear, 
hear.) The kind expressions made use of with regard to himself showed him that, at all 
events, the people of Derby appreciated what he had done. (Loud applause). 

The Mayor afterwards announced that the Queen had replied to the address of the 
Corporation presented to Her Majesty oii the 21st of May. He said that the reply was one 
which would give great satisfaction not only to the Corporation but to the town. The 
wording of it appealed most forcibly to everyone, and, if he might presume to say so, was 
couched in most beautiful language. All present had doubtless read the reply, and, 
therefore, they would doubtless agree for it to be taken as read. 

This was a'greed to. 

The Mayor then said that before he sat down he should like to make a remark upon a 
subject which he had intended to mention when he was previously addressing them. On the 
22nd or the 23rd of May he received a letter from the Chief Constable of Derby, and it was 
one of the most extraordinary letters it had ever been his lot to read. It referred to the 
fact that, although there were, roughly speaking, 200,000 persons in the town on the 
occasion of the Boyal visit, and the streets were crowded till midnight, there were only three 
cases of drunkenness reported by the police. There was not a single accident, so that the 
resources of the Infirmary were not called into question, and there was no case of burglary. 
(Hear, hear.) The Council would, therefore, be pleased to hear that order was observed, as 
well as the dignity of the town upheld, on that eventful occasion. (Applause.) He took the 
liberty of writing to Sir Henry Ponsonby to enquire if he thought the Queen would like to 
read the letter, and received a reply in the affirmative. The letter was therefore shown to 
Her Majesty, and he had since been informed that it gave her the greatest possible pleasure 
to read the statement it contained. He therefore thought that the character of the town had 
been thoroughly maintained. (Hear, hear.) 

Mr. Marsden hoped his Worship had also taken the trouble to point out to Her Majesty 
that two out of the three persons reported for drunkenness were visitors to the town. 

The Mayor said he did not do that, and if he had done so possibly it might have been 
thought that he was drawing it too strong. (Renewed laughter.) 

Becord of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 117 


The Queen's semi-state carriage, together with the other carriages and the horses to be used 
in the Royal procession, arrived in Derby at ten minutes past one on Wednesday, May 20th, 
from the Royal Mews, Pimlico. The horse boxes and trucks were attached to the ordinary train, 
which was met at the Midland Railway Station by four of Messrs. Holmes* men, who performed 
the task of unloading. Mr. Wm. Moreton, wLo was in charge of the equipages, arrived shortly 
afterwards. The Queen's carriage, which is the one she always uses on semi-state occasions, 
is an elegantly finished landau, drawn by four magnificent bays from the Queen's stud. Their 
harness is black, with the exception of a piece running across the front of the bridle, which is 
a bright red. It is gold mounted, and on each carriage door is emblazoned the Royal Arms. 
The carriages were at once taken to Messrs. Holmes' show rooms, where they remained until 
shortly before the time for Her Majesty's ai'rival. They were then taken in hand by the 
fourteen grooms from the Royal stables, and the Queen's coachman took the ribbons of the 
Royal team at the station, under the covered temporary passage way, at a quarter-past five. 
The total number of horses brought down was seventeen, one more than what was really 
required. The task of finding accommodation for the men and horses was left in the hands 
of Mr. Charles Holmes, and he very wisely secured the whole of the stabling at the St. 
James's Hotel. The stalls and loose boxes were scalded and bedded with sweet wheat straw, 
and the lair in each stall was fringed with a novel kind of edging, composed of wheat straw 
and red, white, and blue cloth interlaced, made by Mr. Walter Perkes, the head ostler. The 
stone portions of the yard were sanded, as well as part of the stable flooring. The window 
sills were also coloured red, white, and blue. The semi-state harness was conveyed from the 
station in a closed carriage, and one vehicle was entirely filled with horse rugs and clothing. 
We understand that the Queen's coachman was the guest of Mr. Holmes. 


By permission of their commanding officers (in the case of miUtary bands), the following 
bands assembled in the Market Place at 2.0 p.m., and having unitedly played the National 
Anthem, in the presence of an immense throng of people, proceeded to their several 
stations, as undermentioned : — 

Midland Railway Station — The ^Band of the 2nd Volunteer Battalion The Sherwood 
Foresters (Derbyshire Regiment). 

At the Junction of Midland and London Roads — The Band of the Robin Hood Rifles. 

Infirmary— The Band of the First Battalion The Sherwood Foresters (late 45th 

The Junction of Traffic Street and London Road-— The South Notts. Temperance Band. 

The Junction of London Road and St. Peter's Street — The Band of the 2nd Battalion 
The Cheshire Regiment (late 22nd Foot). 

The Five Lamps, Albert Street — The Burton Volunteer Band. 

The Market Place — The Band of the Grenadier Guards. 

118 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

Near the Post Office, Victoria Street — The Band of the 4th Battalion the Lincolnshire 

Free Library — The Derby United Prize Band. 

Sadler Gate Bridge — The Band of the 1st Volunteer Battalion The Sherwood Foresters 
(Derbyshire Regiment). 

The bands played at intervals during the afternoon from two o'clock until dusk, and that 
of the Grenadier Guards, in the Market Place, naturally attracted an unusually large and 
appreciative audience. The school children were stationed at various stands along the line 
of route indicated below. They sang *' God save the Queen " as Her Majesty passed, and 
patriotic and old-world songs in the intervals of waiting, and, as they had to be in their 
places a considerable time beforehand, were considerately refreshed with oranges and cakes 
by the Mayor, who also presented them with a handsome medal, manufactured in 
Birmingham, commemorative of the occasion. The arrangements throughout — though 
necessarily of an elaborate character — were admirably devised and carried out, and great praise 
is due to the Mayor and his committees, the Town Clerk and his assistants, the Borough 
Surveyor, Mr. William Crowther, Colonel Delacombe and the police, Colonel Hooke and the 
military — and, above all, to the hearty and loyal co- operation of the people themselves, for 
the smoothness with which everything ran, and for the admirable good order which prevailed 
throughout Her Majesty's visit to the ancient and loyal borough of Derby. 


The general arrangements have already been fully indicated, but it may be as well 
to recapitulate some of them, which are not given, in their chronological order, under other 
headings. The M^or requested that all shops along the line of route should be closed at 
noon, but, as a matter of fact, many of them closed their premises long before that time, and 
thereby greatly facilitated the arrangements of those in authority. At two o'clock vehicular 
traffic along the line of route was stopped, and at the same time the Borough Police, 
augmented by about 700 additional police (including a strong contingent of the County 
Force), the whole under the command of Lieut.-Col. W. A. Delacombe, Chief Constable, were 
detached to their various stations along the route of the Royal procession. 

Children and Teachebs. 

Midland Road— Railway Servants' Orphanage, 250 ; St. Andrew's, 414 ; total, 664. 

Infirmary, Front— Holy Trinity, 298 ; St. Chad's, 222 ; King Street, Wesleyan, 800 ; 
Canal Street Wesleyan, 600 ; total, 1,820. 

Infirmary, Roe Timber Co.'s Stand— Traffic Street Board, 482. 

Infirmary New Roadway— St. Joseph's, 66 ; St. Thomas's and St. Mark's, 162 ; Christ 
Church, 297 ; St. Dunstan's, 247 ; St. James's, 484 ; Firs Estate, Board, 564 ; St. James's 
Road Board, 842 ; total, 2,611. 

St. Peter's Churchyard — Practising School, 64; Parliament Street Wesleyan, 86 
Siddals Koad, 274 ; total, 424. 

Eeeord of tlu Quem't State Vi$it to D«r^. 

Uarket Place— All SeuhIb', 162 ; St. Alkmand's, 196 ; St. Aone's, 257 ; St. Mary's, 194 ; 
St. Michael's, 66 ; St. Paul's, 141 ; Gerard Street Board, 826 ; Ashbourne Road Board, 67B ; 
Orchard Street Board,'255 ; total, 2,663. 

St. Werburgh'B Churchyard— Carzon Street, 258 ; St. Luke's, 285 ; St. John's, 62 ; 
NoDB Street Board, 858 ; Wright Street Board, 121 ; Deaf and Dumb Institution, 67 ; 
Derby Union, 110; total, 1,261. 

Total— 4,574 boys, 4,344 girls, 497 teachers— 9,416. 

The refreshments provided by the Mayor for the children to partake of whilst waiting for 
the Boyal procession, had been packed in bags under the supervision of the teachers. Two- 
thirds of a pound of plum and plain cake were given to each child, together with an orange. 

Bailwav Sbbvanti 

The cake, which was supplied by Mr. John Wells and Mr. W. Fletcher, weighed. nearly three 
tons. The oranges were purchased from Mr. Rowley, fruiterer, of Green Lane. 

The mpdals presented by the Mayor to the school children who took part in the proceed- 
ings were specially struck by Mr. Joseph Moore, of Birmingham, and obtained through 
Messrs. Bemrose and Sons, Derby. To the last-named firm was reserved the sole right of 
publishing the "Official Programme," which commanded a large sale on Wednesday and 
Thursday. On the medals a beautiful bead of Her Majesty is surrounded by the words 
" Derbyshiie Infirmary. Foundation stone laid by H. M. Queen Victoria. May 21, 1891." 
On the other aide are the Borough and County Arms and some handsome ornamental work, 
and the words " A.Seale Haslam, Esq., Mayor," One in gold was specially struck for Her 

120 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

In commemoration of the Royal visit, Messrs. Brock and Co., the celebrated Crystal 
Palace Pyrotechnists, gave a grand display of fireworks in the grounds of the Arboretum 
in the evening. There was a Venetian fete from 6 to 9 o'clock, at which hour the display 
of fireworks — which were of an unusually magnificent character — commenced. 

Her Majesty has notified, through Sir Henry Ponsonby, her acceptance of a copy of 
Mr.W. Foster's (Derby) book, "The Subject-Testament" (London : Simpkin, Marshall and Co., 
Limited), a special copy of which was bound by Mr. Howard Wilkins, of St. Peter's Street, 
Derby, in best morocco, gilt edges extra. 

Mr. James Harwood issued on the eve of the Queen's visit an artistic bijou souvenir 
of the great event. It contained a number of interesting illustrations, together with a variety 
of reading matter, and was very nicely got up. 

The streets throughout the entire route of the Boyal procession were barricaded, the 
distance covered being about three miles. For this work the timber was supplied by 
Messrs. Graham and Bennett, of Stuart Street. 

On Thursday afternoon a telegraph clerk found himself in rather an awkward 
predicament. A telegram, simply addressed '' The Queen, Derby," had just arrived, and 
been placed in his hands for delivery. How to convey the missive to the Queen was 
naturally beyond his knowledge. A way out of the difiiculty presented itself. Meeting in 
the streets a well-known member of the Reception Committee, he handed it over to him to 
be conveyed to the proper officials, and it reached its destination safely. 

The influx of visitors to the town on Wednesday and Thursday was so great that all 
the accommodation furnished by the various hotels and lodging-houses was speedily taken 
advantage of, with the result that on Thursday a bed could hardly be obtained in the town 
" for love or money." 

Compliment to a Derby Musician. — The Queen has been pleased to accept a copy of 
Dr. Corbett's latest composition, Duets for the Pianoforte ; also, of his songs, ** The Organist " 
and *' The Reaper and the Flowers," and the book compiled by him for the Jubilee Service 
held in All Saints', Derby, June 21st, 1887. 

Messrs. Elkington, of Birmingham, sent £8,000 worth of plate to the banquet, as a 
compliment to the Mayor. 

An Hebeditaby Little Loyalist. — Among the juveniles on the chief platform, for 
whom the Mayor kindly found a place, was a Uttle one named ** Loyalty " Cater, a grand- 
daughter of Mr. B. Bamsey Dinnis, a representative of one of the Derby newspapers. The 
Christian name was that borue by Mrs. Dinnis's mother, who was so christened, at the 
instance of her parent — a staunch ** King and Constitution man " — in the fateful days when 
the effects of the French Bevolution of 1789 were felt in this country, and gave such a 
violent shock to old institutions. 

During their stay in Derby in connection with the Queen's visit, the Band of the 45th 
Begiment, who stayed at Normanton Barracks, were a source of great attraction in 
Derby, where they made many friends. On Saturday afternoon and evening. May 23rd, 
they were engaged by the Mayor (Sir Alfred Haalam) to give a concert in the 

Record of the Queen^s State Visit to Derby. 121 

Market Place, which was attended by a large and apprecicktive audience. The Mayoress 
(Lady Haslam) was present in her carriage. The Mayor presented Mr. Bradley, the 
talented bandmaster, with a bronze medal in velvet case, and each member of the band with 
a medal, as an interesting souvenir of the occasion. 

Calke and Ticknall. — The labourers employed by Sir Vauncey Crewe at Calke Abbey, 
and on the estate at Ticknall, were much gratified on Thursday, May 21st, by having a holiday 
granted to them in honour of the occasion of Her Majesty's visit to Derby, the wages of 
each being ordered by Sir Vauncey to be paid as usual. 

The day was a general holiday at Bipley, Helper, Matlock, and other places in the 
county, a great number of people coming into the town by road and rail. 

Mr. William Sharratt has received a graceful acknowledgment from Her Majesty 
of his poem, ** Welcome to Her Majesty." 

In addition to the special gold copy of the children's medal presented by the Mayor to 
the Queen, bronze copies of the same, in handsome cases, were given by His Worship to 
members of the Reception Committee. 

Two handsome new banners were carried in the procession of the Reception Committee. 
They were artistically painted by Mr. T. Sharratt, St. Peter's Street — one being a Corporation 
banner, with the borough arms, and the Mayor's banner with His Worship's arms, crest, 
and motto emblazoned on it. 

The gracious permission of Her Majesty having (through the Mayor) been previously 
obtained from Sir Henry Ponsonby, an album consisting of a series of interiors of Hardwick 
Hall, was presented to the Queen by the Mayoress on behalf of Mr. Eeene, and Her Majesty 
was so much pleased with the book that she took it with her into the Royal carriage. 

A special copy of a new song, ** Welcome, Victoria," written by Mr. Charles Walker, and 
arranged by Mr. Frederick Hainsworth, for presentation to Her Majesty, has been beautifully 
printed on white satin by Messrs. Chadfield and Son, Friar Gate, and ornamented with old 
gold fringe by Miss Brealey, of Iron Gate. 

In connection with the splendid illuminations executed by Messrs. J. Defries and Co., of 
London — whose local agents were Messrs. W. T. Crump and Co. — mention should be made 
of the excellent services of Mr. Lionel Mosedale, gas fitter, of 10, High Street, Deritend, 
Birmingham, who acted as their efficient foreman in these matters. A substantial supper 
was given to the numerous staff and employes of the firm, at the George Hotel, Midland 
Road; in appreciation of their arduous labours, and in commemoration of the occasion. 

The chairs used by Her Majesty in the Infirmary Pavilion were lent for the occasion — 
that on the platform by Mr. Alderman Bemrose, J.P., and that in the retiring room by Mr. G. 
Sutherland. They were handsome chairs of the Henri IV. or Renaissance period, of dull 
unpolished walnut, the carving of heads, figures, rams' heads, and all details beautifully 
executed ; the backs and seats were upholstered in tapestry applique. The arrangements 
for the laying of the memorial stone had been admirably carried out by Messrs. Walker and 
Slater, builders, of Derby. 

The trowel, spirit level, and mallet, presented to the Queen at the Infirmary, were on 

122 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 

exhibition for a short time in the window of Messrs. Johnson and Son, Victoria Street, 
and attracted considerable attention and much appreciation from the admiring crowds 
which inspected them, alike from the beaaty of the materials employed in their manafiEbctare, 
and from their exquisite finish and admirable workmanship. 

The officers of the various regiments down for duty in Derby on the occasion of the 
Queen's visit, May 21st, were — by a thoughtful decision of the committee, which was of a 
purely social and non- political charactf^r — made honorary members of the Derby and Derby- 
shire Conservative Club for the occasion, which means that they had the same advantages as 
ordinary members enjoyed in obtaining refreshment, etc., at the commodious club premises 
in the Corn Market. 

Popular penny medals were numerously sold in commemoration of the occasion. They 
contained on the obverse side a profile portrait of Her Majesty, similar to that stamped on the 
Jubilee coinage, with the superscription, on a raised rim, *' Victoria, Queen of England and 
Empress of India.*' The reverse side bore, in relief, the inscription, " To commemorate 
laying the foundation-stone of the new Infirmary, Derby, by Her Majesty, Queen Victoria, 
May 21st, 1891." The whole was suspended from a shield, or fastener, stamped with the 
arms of the borough of Derby. 

Mr. Freeman, of Curzon Street, Derby, supplied all the carriages used in the Corporate 
procession with the exception of the Royal carriages and the High Sheriff's carria^ges, and 
a splendid turn-out they were. The smart appearance of the equipages and their drivers 
created a most favourable impression, being the subject of general praise amongst the 
thousands of sightseers. 

The stone to be employed in the new Infirmary is known as Bentley Brook, so named 
from the quarry where it is obtained, belonging to Mr. Drabble, stone merchant, Matlock 
Bridge, and which is situated at the north end of Darley Dale, and about a mile-and-a-half 
north-east of Matlock Bridge Station, on the edge of Matlock Moor. The stone is a beautiful 
pale- brownish or yellowish compact grit, very uniform in tint, and capable of being worked 
into either the most delicate tracery or the plainest arris. It belongs to that particular sub- 
division of the great millstone grit series of North Derbyshire, known to geologists as the 
third grit. Although worked at the Bentley Brook Quarry as far back as a century ago, it 
was not brought into extensive use till about fifty years ago, since which time it has rapidly 
grown in favour, until, at the present moment, it is used all over the country, both for 
ornamental work and for the more common purpose of viaducts, railway bridges, landings, 
stairs, window siUs, etc. This stone has been adopted by Her Majesty's Board of Works 
for the erection of Post Offices, Savings' Banks, and other public buildings in London, 
Birmingham, Sheffield, Manchester, and other large centres of industry. It is also being 
employed by the London County Council in the erection of the new Metropolitan Asylum at 
Claybury, in Kent, the contract for which amounts to £800,000. The foundation-stone 
of the new Derbyshire Infirmary is composed of a block of this Bentley Brook stone, four feet 
by two feet by one foot six inches, and the memorial stone laid by the Queen, which consists 
of Aberdeen granite, rests upon this. 

Record of the QueerCa State Visit to Derby. 128 


As many accounts have been given of the rug used by Her Majesty to stand upon, at the 
laying of the foundation-stone of the Infirmary, and of the touching circumstances under 
which it was given by an afflicted Derbyshire woman, we give the following statement, 
rerhatim et liberatim, of a gentleman well acquainted with all the facts of the case, feeling sure 
that it will be of interest to our readers : — ** Bessie Taylor, a native of Melbourne, now living 
with her widowed mother at King's Newton (who is about 70 years of age), was over 40 years 
ago struck in the back with a stone thrown by a boy at play, which so injured the spine that 
she has never walked since, and has had to be helped and lifted about from that time. A 
fortnight ago I was at her home at King's Newton on a visit, when she said, * You will have 
a busy week at Derby at the Queen's visit.' I said, ' Yes. I am pleased Her Majesty will 
honour the cause of the Infirmary by her presence ; it will do a great deal of good. She 
(Bessie) said — ' I have for nine or ten months been making a rug ; it is just finished, and I 
should like to make a present of it to the Infirmary.' I said I should Uke to see it. She 

then said, * Mother, bring it and let Mr. see it.' The mother fetched it. I was very 

pleased with it. Bessie Taylor then said, * There is one thing I should like.' I said, * What 
is that ? ' She said, * If ever a poor creature needed the benefits of an Infirmary and good 
medical treatment it was me, and I am anxious to help on this noble cause ; but before that 
I should like the Queen to stand on my rug. I should feel I had not lived for nothing then. 
Do you think it can be done ? ' I was very much struck with the idea, but made the remark, 
' I think that is rather a large order.' I stopped about an hour with them, and just 
before leaving said to Bessie, * You had better leave that matter for a short time, and 
do not mention it to anyone, and if it can be done it shall.' On Sunday night, the 10th 
May (the above conversation was on Saturday, the 9th May), I wrote a letter descriptive 
of the case to His Worship the Mayor, who at the time was in Buxton. On reflection, I 
thought that, as I was unknown to the Mayor, I must get someone of wealth and influence 
to back me up. I wrote Mr. J. Crompton (under whom I serve), described the case to 
him, and asked him to kindly use his influence to accomplish the desired result. The next 
day I received a letter from Mrs. Arkwriglit, saying that her father (Mr. Crompton) had 
been very much interested in the case of Bessie Taylor, and would do his best to gratify 
her wishes. He at once wrote to the Mayor, also to Dr. Ogle. The Mayor wrote to the 
Queen, making known the poor invalid's request, and describing her case. Her Majesty at 
once ordered a telegram to be sent to the Mayor, saying how pleased she would be to 
gratify the poor invalid, Bessie Taylor's wish, and that she would use the rug when she laid 
the foundation-stone. I think the kind action of these gentlemen in this matter is beyond 
all praise, as also the womanly feeling of the first lady in the land for one of the afflicted of 
her own sex. I do not know whether I am at liberty to use the name of the gentlemen 
above-mentioned, but I can do nothing wrong in mentioning the action of the Queen, which 
ought to commend her to the hearts of all Derbyshire men and women." 

124 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

Dr. Ogle, who was asked to interest himself, as above mentioned, wrote to the Editor of the 
Advertiser as follows : — "Bessie Taylor, living at King's Newton, is nearly 60 years of age. Over 
40 years ago she was strack on the spine by a stone thrown by a boy while at play. She has 
never walked since. She can use her hands, is very intelligent, and has borne her terrible 
affliction in the most exemplary and even cheerful way possible. She forgets her own 
trouble by sympathising with, and devising means to help, others who are in trouble. Her 
mother, who is about 70 years old, is of a similar spirit, and the rug presentation is 
but one of many such examples of it, which came about in this way. Bessie Taylor 
said to a working man (Mr. Briggs) last Saturday week (the 9th inst.) 'I have one 
ambition.' He said ' What is that ? ' She said ' Nine or ten months ago, I started on a 
drawing-room rug. I have just finished it, and I want to make a present of it to the 
Infirmary. But I want the Queen to stand on it first, and, if possible, while she is laying 
tbe foundation-stone, and then whatever is thought best to be done with it is to be done.' 
She said, moreover, that her own case was one of the most striking proofs of the necessity 
for a good Infirmary and good medical attendance, and although it was too late to do her 
any good, if she could help anyone else she should be proud to do so. Mr. Briggs wrote to 
the Mayor, who, with his usual promptitude, communicated with the Queen's Private 
Secretary, Sir Henry Ponsonby, and received in reply a telegram to say that Her Majesty 
would stand upon the rug." Dr. Ogle visited Bessie Taylor so as to be able, if necessary, to 
vouch for the truth of these particulars. 


The practical suggestion made at a meeting of the Town Council by Dr. Gentles, 
relative to the location of Ambulance stations along the route of the Boyal procession, was - 
adopted. The congested state of the streets arising from the numerous influx of visitors 
from adjacent towns and villages, naturally led those conversant with the matter to expect 
casualties ; while the value of first aid in these contingencies has been abundantly proved 
since ambulance work came to be so generally taught, as it happily now is, in our midst. 
Dr. Gentles, with the aid of other ladies and geutlemen, and with the hearty co-operation of 
owners and occupiers of premises, was enabled to secure twenty-two ambulance stations, which 
were manned by the members of the Brigade Bearer Co., members of the Kegimental 
Ambulance Corps, the Midland Railway Ambulance Corps, and the P.S.A. Ambulance Corps. 
All the meu were under the efficient management and supervision of Surgeon-major Gdi^tles. 
Each station was distinguished by a flag bearing a red cross, and there were ambul'^^ce 
appliances at each for giving first aid to any person who might meet with an acciddlt. 
There were about forty cases dealt with at these ambulance stations, most of them '' faints^* 
and none of them, happily, of a serious character. The sense of security, however, derived 
from the presence of these systematic aids to cases of accident, which are so very possible , ^ 
and, indeed, probable on such occasions, when large crowds of people are massed togettier, 
was so appreciably felt by the authorities and by the public, that the new departure is felt to 

Becord of the Qwen'i State Vint to Derby. 

have been fully juBtlfied, and, doubtlesB, it will become an eatafaliahed and recognised 
institution od all snch occasions in fature. The following ia a list of the stations: — 
Mr. Sturgess' Hotel, Midland Boad ; the Cocoa Booms, Midland Road ; Dr. T. L. Qentles' 
residence, London Boad ; Wealeyan School Boom, London Boad ; Nitrees' Listitute, London 
Road ; Dr. Cassidi's Besidence, London Boad ; Congregational School Boom, London Road ; 
" Temple," School Boom, London Road; Messrs. Earp's Mart, London Boad; Babington 
Music Warehouse, St. Peter's Street ; Mr. C. P. Hoaie's premises, St. Peter's Street ; 
Mr. Wells's Caf^ St. Peter's Street ; Mr. Wells's Shop, Corn Market ; the Cocoa Booms, 
Com Market; the Town Hall; Slack's Restaurant, Market Place; St. James' Hotel; 
Messrs. George and Dean's, The Strand ; Mr. Sinclair's premises, Cheapside ; Dr. Vaudrey's 
residence. The Wardwiok ; Congregational School Boom, Victoria Street ; Mr. Wells's 
premises, Victoria Street. 


With reference to the OfBcial Decorations, a detailed account of which appears else- 
where, great credit was due to the Decorations Committee, which was composed of the 
following gentlemen :— Mr. Councillor James Wright (Chairman); Mr. W. Bemrose, J.P. ; 
Mr. Councillor Edwin Haslam ; and Mr. George Holq^e, jun. These gentlemen, with the 
invaluable assistance of the Borough Surveyor (Mr. R. J. Harrison), superintended the 
whole of the public decorations in the town, and, as might be expected, their labours were ' 
of an arduous character, but throughout they worked most harmoniously and successfully 


Rernrd of the Qtiren's !^t/itf Vixit to Derby, 




The Gasket was of unusually large size, and was made in ivory with massive gold parts 
and figures. It bears tbe following inscriptioQ: — 


Containing the Loyal and Dutiful 

Address of the Corporation of Derby, 

was presented to and graciously 

accepted by 


On the occasion of Her Majesty's 

First State Visit to the Boroagh, 

in order to lay the Foundation Stone 

of the new 


Dated this 21st day of May, 1S91. 


Reccn-d of ths Queen's State Vidt to Derby. 127 

The Gasket was made unusually large in order to take the bound book (12 in. by 9 in.) 
which contained the illuminated address of the Corporation to Her Majesty the Queen. 
The task of the designer had been, therefore, to relieve the apparent flatness which a plain 
box of that shape and character has, and also to give lightness and elegance. The first had 
been done by the arrangement of the lid, which after several richly decorated ivory and gold 
mouldings commenced a series of ovals which gradually rose, becoming bolder as they neared 
the top, upon which was placed a stag in pale, the armorial bearings of the borough of Derby. 
The stag is carved and enamelled boldly upon a rising green mound, surrounded by a gold 
palisade and a gate in the centre. Then descends from the simple element of the palisade 
a richly fluted dome. Below this comes a circle of English Tudor roses which are interestiug 
as being not only Royal emblems, but being also the county symbol, the white rose centre 
representing York and the other Lancaster. Below this is another moulding interspersed 
with small gold roses followed by a rich acanthus oval which completes a series of oval 
mouldings on the flat of the lid. The four comer spaces have massive gold plates, 
each an embossed representation of the borough chain, indicating the office and 
the occasion. Further mouldings complete the lid and bring us to the box itself. The 
elegance of the box has been secured by raising it up on four cross arches of 
ivory, and these four arches also support gold emblematic figures — 1st, Britannia, 
holding a trident and Union Shield, as on the bronze coins of the realm. On the 
other side appears a figure of Derby herself, holding a shield bearing the Borough 
Arms and presenting an address. On the other side of the box the two comer figures 
represent respectively — Charity, holding in one hand the symbol of the heart, and in the other 
a long subscription list, and Hope, with the emblem anchor in her hand. There are various 
gold emblems relating to each of the figures, viz. : — Sporting dolphins Britannia, stag in 
pale Derby, heart and cross Charity, and the heart and anchor device that of Hope. The 
body of the box is mainly decorated with eight enamelled panels, containing views of the 
town of Derby and the vicinity, but the centre of each of the three faces has an enamelled 
device, the centre of the reverse being devoted to the inscription. The Boyal arms occupy 
the obverse centre, and the crest and monogram of Sir Alfred Scale Haslam, the present 
Mayor of Derby, the other two. The &ont views are the Town Hall on one side, and on the 
other the Infirmary, while those on the reverse are Exeter House and Derby School. The 
enamelled panels at the sides contain views of St. Mary's Bridge, the Old Silk Mill — one of the 
first founded in England, the Market Place, and Derby from Exeter Bridge. Between each of 
these enamelled panels is a series of charming miniature panels in repottss^, each of them 
having relation to the various subjects illustrated ; thus we have the Bose, Shamrock, and 
Thistle, a miniature copy of the civic mace, and also the Mayor's chain, the unwreathed 
sceptre of Victoria, the heart with palms and celestial crown, the cross of Faith amid rays of 
the celestial crown, and the anchor of Hope, all being suitably treated. The effect of the 
ivory and gold in combination was very fine. The enamels were treated as works of art, 
and gave additional richness to the effect. The whole was finished in best style and 
taste and manufactured by Messrs. Elkington & Co., Limited, Birmingham. 

Record of the Qtuen'a SbUt Vint to Derbi/. 

The attendance at the Art Gallery while the Royal addresaes and casket were on view was 
Bomething altogether unexampled. On Friday, May 15th, before the matter was generally 
known, 422 paid for admission ; on Saturday, 1,034 ; on Whit-Monday, 3,145 ; on Wednesday, 
8,914 ; while on Whit-Tuesday, when admissioii was free, the enormons nnmber of 10,696 
persons passed the turnstiles. The total number of visitors was thus 19,211. The addresses 
exhibited were mnch admired, and included, beside that of the Corporation, those from the 
Sorough Magistrates, the Connty Magistrates, the Derby Guardians, the School Board, the 
Clergy, the Medical Profession, the Nnrsing Association, Bepton School, Derby Bcliool, 
Chamber of Commerce, Friendly Societies, Teachers of Elementary Schools, and the 
Temperance Society. 


The handle, of ivory, is surmounted by the Imperial Crown, and a figure of Charity is 
embossed on the handle. On the reverse are the County and Borough Arms. On the 
trowel, engraved, are the Royal Arms, with " V.R.I." under. On either side ^sculapins and 
St. Luke. Again the County Arms, and "May 21, 1891." In a scroll roond the trowel is the 
following inscription ; — 

" This Trowel was presented to Her Majesty the Queen by the President andOovemors of 
the Derbyshire General Infirmary, on the occasion of the Laying of the Foundation Stone of 
the New Buildings by Her Majesty." 

The design was by Messrs. Young and Hall, the architects for the new Infirmary, whilst 
its execution was entrusted to the skilful hands of Messrs Edward Johnson ft Son, Victoria 
Street, Derby. 

Record of the Queen' » State Visit to Derby. 129 


When Her Majesty's visit was first announced, it was thought that it would be a fitting 
iDtroduction to the important ceremonies and festivities of May 21st, if a general service of a 
hearty congregational character was held in All Saints' Church on the morning of the 
eventful day. The Reception Committee, however, found it impossible to include this 
desirable and praiseworthy suggestion of the Bev. Canon Knight, the deservedly esteemed 
and respected vicar of All Saints', in the programme of the day's proceedings. The Town 
Council, nevertheless, accepted an invitation from the vicar to attend the morning service at 
All Saints' on Whit Sunday ; he accordingly placed himself in communication with the 
Bishop of Southwell, who had promised to preach on that memorable occasion, but, as will be 
seen below, his Lordship was unable to fulfil his engagement, owing to his regretted indis- 
position. A bitterly cold wind, with occasional showers of snow and sleet, ushered in a day 
more resembling Christmastide than Whit Sunday, and this, together with the prevailing 
epidemic, militated considerably against a large attendance of either members of the 
Corporation or the general congregation. There was, however, a fair muster of the Corporation 
and of gentlemen interested in the Infirmary, including Sir James Allport, Ent., J.P. ; Mr. 
Cox. J.P. (Brailsford) ; and Mr. H. J. Wood, J.P. (Breadsall) ; all of whom had travelled from 
their country seats to support the Mayor. As usual the civic body assembled in the Grand 
Jury Boom at the Town Hall, where they formed in procession attended by the mace 
bearers, halberdiers, and other officials, as well as a large body of policemen. The Mayor, 
who wore the gold chain of office, was accompanied by Sir James Allport, Ent., J.P. ; 
Mr. Cox, J.P. ; Mr. H. J. Wood, J.P. ; Mr. Alderman Boe, M.P. ; Mr. Alderman 
Hobson, J.P. ; Mr. Alderman Sowter, J.P. ; Mr. J. Wright Baker, J.P. ; Councillors 
Bottomley, J.P. ; Butterworth, S. Bennett, Jackson, E. Haslam, Boome, C. ^ard, F. Stone, 
G. Foster, Unsworth, Lowe, Wallis, J. Walley, Duesbury, and Ann, Mr. T. W. Coxon (deputy 
Town Clerk), Mr. W. Crowther (curator of Free Library and Art Gallery), and Col. Delacombe 
(Chief Constable). The Mayor, Magistrates, and Town Council occupied the Corporation pew, 
in front of wliich were placed the mace and other insignia of civic authority. As the pro- 
cession entered the Church, from the tower of which floated the Boyal Standard, they were 
met by the clergy, the Rev. Canon Enight (vicar), the Bev. F. Orton, and the Bev. J. Seymour 
Bin (curates), and the National Anthem was sung as the visitors passed down the centre aisle 
and took the places allotted to them by the churchwardens (Messrs. Blunt and Smith), who 
had made admirable arrangements for the service. As it was Whit-Sunday, the service for 
that important festival of the Church of England was used. Hymns bearing upon it, 
and breathing a spirit of thankfulness for past and present mercies and blessings, were 
creditably sung by the choir, Dr. Corbett presiding with his usual power and ability at 
the organ. Prayers were said by the Bev. F. Orton, the lessons being read by the 
Bev. J. Seymour Hill, and both these clergymen officiated at that portion of the communion 
service usually read during the morning service. The Bev. Canon Enight preached an 
interesting and appropriate sermon. Before commencing his discourse, he said he apologised 


180 Reeord of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

to the coDgregation for the absence of the Bishop of Southwell owmg to indisposition. Canon 
Knight then selected as his text a part of the fourth verse of the second chapter of the 
Book of the Acts of the Apostles — ** They were all filled with the Holy Ghost." 

He said : — This day is the birthday of the Christian Church. All that the Son of God 
came down ou earth to do had been accomplished. That wonderful life had been lived, the 
influence of which is growing amongst men daily ; that death of shame, by which 
atonement was made for our transgressions, had been suffered ; that victory over the grave, 
which stands alone in the annals of the world, had been won. Sin and death had been 
conquered for men, and Paradise regained. All this had been done, and yet without the 
coming of the Holy Spirit, all was done in vaio. 

On this day a new order, a spiritual order began. A new Person, the Third Person in the 
ever blessed Trinity, was made known. True, He had lived in God's Saints of old, and 
wrought in them whatever of holiness and goodness they possessed; true also. He had 
spoken for many ages in the Prophets. But now He was revealed as never before, and a new 
order of things began. 

All that Jesus Christ had taught and effected for men's salvation must be proclaimed 
throughout the whole world. How shall it be done ; so done that men everywhere shall not 
only hear, but be convinced ? You see that little company in their upper room at Jerusalem, 
** the number of names, together, were about one hundred and twenty,'' what can they do ? 
They have no influence, no great stock of wisdom, no money, no power. What can they do ? 
How shall men in other lands hear in their own tongues the tidings they have to tell ? 
Nay 1 How could they succeed, even in their own land ? Prophets of old for many 
generations had spoken and witnessed for God, but they had failed to convince and save 
their own countrymen. What force shall accompany the new message, so that they shall 
gain access to tbe hearts and life of all men over the whole globe ? The Holy Spirit shall 
come upon them, and they shall be endued with a new power, which the world knew not. 
We sometimes, I am disposed to think, are in the habit of speaking of the advance of 
Christendom, and we forget the power by which alone it can make true progress. We 
expect that Christ's Kingdom should grow, and the Lord be served, and we do not ask, how 
is this to be done ? We expect it, I say ; rather, should I not ask, do we expect it ? This 
day for example, this birthday of the Christian Church, are you looking for the gift of the 
Holy Spirit? Do you, does the Christian Church itself, believe that this mighty power 
of the Holy Ghost is really at hand for all who will receive it? 

Let us, then, go back in thought to-day to the first Pentecost. There was to be no 
manner of doubt in men's minds concerning the gift of that day. And so a stupendous 
miracle was wrought. Suddenly there is heard throughout the City of Jerusalem the 
sound as of a rushing, mighty wind ; the whole house, where Christ's people are assembled, is 
filled with it. They are all baptized into the Holy Ghost. Tongues of fire are seen 
distributed on every brow, and they begin to speak with other tongues as the Spirit gives 
them utterance. Now are they equipped for service ; now that for which their Lord and 
Master bade them wait, has come. A new power is given to them. They are able, while the 
spiritual influence rests upon them, to speak with languages otherwise unknown to them, 
bo that men of many nations may hear in their own speech the wondrous story, the 
meaning, and power, and efficacy of Christ's life, and death, and resurrection for the 
salvation of men. 

It was, indeed, a mighty sign, repeated in some form, as you will remember, at the 
house of Cornelius, to indicate that Gentile as well as Jew shall share the gifts of the Father's 
love, and be made members of the new Kingdom of Christ. 

But more than this. Granted that the Lord's disciples speak with new tongues, how 
shall they touch the hearts and consciences of men ? It is not enough that the speaker be 
filled with power and zeal ; it is not enough that it shall be plain that % new force is at 
work. How shall hearts be touched, and consciences roused, and wills moulded, and 
affections stirred ? That same Holy Spirit, speaking through the lips of the Apostles, shall 

Record of the Queen* s State Vieit to Derby. 181 

deal in a convinoing manner with the hearers* hearts. When the speaker and his 
companions spoke to the crowd around them of Christ, of His Ufe, and death, and 
resurrection, of pardon freely given and sealed in His blood, they were '' pricked in their 
hearts." The word made use of by St. Luke signifies deep conviction of soul. The sins of 
the past life are seen as they have never been seen before ; the deep need of pardon and of 
renewal of heart and life are now perceived. They have helped to crucify the Son of God, 
and the cry they utter is, *• Men and brethren, what must we do to be saved ? " 

It is so still. Whenever in faith and love Christ is set forth to men, Christ crucified 
for their sins, and rising again for their justification, the Holy Spirit takes these precious 
truths and brings them home to the hearers' hearts. And it is such people, my brethren, 
people made to know by the Holy Spirit's power, Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour ; it is 
people constrained by the Holy Spirit, for Christ's sake to hate sin and to love holiuess ; it is 
they who truly belong to Christ's Church, and can really take up and carry out Christ's work 
and service. 

'* The fruit of the Spirit is love." His highest, best, chiefest gift--gift that mcludes aU 
others—is love. Of this holy affection St. Paul speaks at length in 1 Cor. xiii. When this 
love exists and lives in the heart, it wiU show itself in many ways, and prominent amongst 
them is loving care iot the weary bodies and sin stricken souls of our fellow-men. I know 
that the Apostle in that same chapter plainly teaches us that it is possible for a man to *' give 
all his goods to feed the poor" and yet have no true love ; that it is possible that other 
motives than the great high motive of love may move his heart. Some, for example, may 
be forward to huild a hospital, because they know the terrible burden of bodily pain and 
sickness. Either they have felt these themselves, or they have seen them at work in others ; 
or they know that the hour is coming when they must bear their share of the sufferings of 
humanity : they can sympathise with bodily suffering ; they will give to alleviate bodily 
pain. But while this is quite true, I venture to claim for the Gospel of Christ, for the work 
of the Spirit of Christ, the very existence of hospitals, and especially when they care — as 
rightly conducted they do care— not for the body only, but for the soul also. 

We know that before Christ came there were no hospitals. You might have gone 
through great Babylon, or learned Athens, or mighty Bome, or wealthy Antioch, and you 
would have found none. We know that hospitals are the outcome of Christianity, the fruit — 
one of the fruits — of the Gospel of Jesus Christ ; and more especially when they rest, as 
they ought to rest, on a religious basis, and to care for the body and care for the soul. 

In founding or renewing a hospital, are we not following the example of the Lord Jesus 
Christ Himself? "He went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the 
devil." He came to save the whole man, body, soul, and spirit ; and at this day in our work 
in the mission-field we find a Christian hospital perhaps the most effectual means of preaching 
Christ. When men see that you care for the body, and try to heal the body, they are led 
also to believe that you care for the soul, and desire to heal and save the soul. 

And thus, my brethren, I take it as a happy omen that the foundation-stone of the new 
Infirmary is to be laid in this Whitsun-week, and that our inauguratiozv service — ^as I venture 
to call this service— has fallen on Whit Sunday. Let us regwd the work in this Ught. Let 
one and all look upon it as spiritual work — work to which our Lord and Master summons 
us, and which, because he summons us, must be done in the very best way. Let us to-day 
resolve, each and all, that we will not cease to commit the whole work to God, that it may 
indeed be begun and continued and ended in Him. 

It is a happy thing. Christian brethren, for a people to be of one heart and one mind in 
any work ; and this also, remember, is a spiritual gift. Nothing in my experience have I 
known so to knit together a people as this great, resolute, united effort which we are now 
making. May the hospital and the building of it thus in God's goodness exercise a healing 
power on our people, and bind us together heart to heart. It is a happy thing also, that the 
Boyal lady, so long and so deservedly esteemed, and loved, and honoured, has consented to 
visit us, and by so doing to set her seal to this great work, and to encourage us to 
complete it. 

182 Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

While we pray that the work, so auspioioasly began, may be happily, speedily, royally 
completed, we shall also pray (I pledge you one and all to this) that the Divine protection, 
with every blessing, earthly and heavenly, may rest on Her Boyal head ; and that though in 
years weU advancing, she may still long be spared to us, and enabled still to hold sway 
over us. 

Many like works there are yet to be done in the land which she will foster, and so mark 
yet more to generations to come the happy season of prosperity and peace, of the growth of 
knowledge and science — knowledge and science slowly '* broadening down," and rightly used 
for God's honour and man's welfare ; of care, moreover, and love one for another, which 
have to so great an extent already stamped her reign. 

Though you have already given, and have promised to give again, use the opportunity 
now before you, which will not recur, and give with no niggard hand to-day. Let there be 
to-day some fresh sign of gratitude for all the mercies Ood has given you. Labour all for 
that gift of the Holy Spirit which is the crown and top stone of all heavenly gifts, out of 
which comes all love and charity, without which you do not really live, and dare not 

Above all may God grant unto us in this church — ^iu this town rather — the gift 
of the Holy Spirit, that the words of the text may be fulfilled, *' they were all filled with the 
Holy Ghost " ; and, therefore, full of love, full of sympathy, full of good works, fall of 
humility, full of praise to the honour and glory of thaLgreat and gracious God, " in whom 
we live and move and have our being." 

At the close of the service the Corporation and their officers returned in procession to the 
Town Hall. 

On Sunday, May 24th, the subject of the Queen's visit was very naturally and properly 
referred to in various places of worship in Derby, the Vicar of St. Alkmund's (Bev. J. Stanley 
Owen) devoting the whole of his evening's sermon to the religious and social lessons to be 
derived from the interesting aiid memorable occasion. The Mayor (Sir Alfred Seale Haslam) 
was present at All Saints' Church in the morning, when the Bev. Canon Enight chose as his 
text Hc^gai ii. 18, 19. 

He said : — There is one subject which is paramount in all minds and hearts to-day. 
The visit of our gracious Queen and the noble work which she has thus encouraged, the spirit 
in which all the arrangements have been undertaken, the success by which they have been 
attended, and the honour done to the town in the person of its chief magistrate, these things 
are paramount in our thoughts to-day. 

The laying of a foundation-stone is spoken of both actually and figuratively in the 
Bible. You will find not a few references to it. When, for example, I was looking through 
the Psalms for this day, my eye rested on the 22nd verse of Psalm cxviii. — " The stone which 
the builders refused is become the head stone of the comer," and my heart at once said to me, 
" That is the topic about which you must speak on Sunday." 

Moreover, this is Trinity Sunday, and it speaks to us of the subject of the Christian 
Creeds — the Unity of the Godhead and the co-existence of^ the Three Persons in that God- 
head — the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. That great truth is the foundation truth of 
the Christian Church, and it may be summed up in the fulness which is in Christ, our 
Mediator and Bedeemer. 

In Isaiah xxviii. 16 we read : " Behold, I lay-in Zion for a foundation, a stone, a tried 
stone, a precious comer stone, a sure foundation : he that believe th shall not make haste." 

*' This is the stone," said St. Peter, on the Day of Pentecost, quoting Psalm cxviii., 
with reference to the resurrection of tbe Saviour, "which was set at nought by you builders, 
that is become the head of the comer." 

Record of ths Quern's State Vidb to Derby. 188 

''Other foundation," writes St. Paul to the Corinthians, " can no man lay than that is 
laid, which is Christ Jesus" ; and in a later Epistle, that to the Ephesians, he adds that the 
Church '' is built upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ Himself 
being the Head comer stone." 

And it was, thank God, in a religious spirit that we, as a people, gave ourselves to the 
work accomplished la^t week. I claim our united service of last Sundav, which had the 
special sanction and presence of the authorities of the town, as a token of tnis. How should 
we begin such a work but in the spirit of prayer ? The work itself, again, the laying of the 
foundation-stone, was done in prayer, and the tone and spirit of those prayers commended 
them to all who heard them. This, depend upon it, brethren, is the spirit which the Lord 
will bless. 

Has it not always been so ? The house which Solomon built, that great example of a 
grand work, perhaps the greatest and most splendid building ever erected, was built for God, 
in dependence on God's favour, and dedicated to His service. And when, through the sins 
and follies of kings and people, their beautiful city had been overthrown and their temple 
destroyed, and it was permitted them after years of suffering to return home once more, and 
again to raise up their holy House for divine worship, the laying of the foundation-stone was 
specially marked by Divine blessing. It is to this our text refers : Haggai ii. 18, 19. '* Con- 
sider now from this day and upward, &om the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, 
even from the day that the Lord's temple was laid, consider it. Is the seed yet in the barn ? 
yea, as yet the vine and the figtree, and the pomegranate and the olive tree have not brought 
forth, from this day will I bless you." 

My brethren, it is so still, for us here in England, as for Israel in days past — for Israel's 
God is our God ; and there have been manifest to all who have eyes to see many tokens that 
God is working in the midst of us. If the union of the hearts of a people for a good and 
noble purpose, if a spirit of large liberality for a great and Christian work, if a resolute heart 
to accomplish a benevolent design in the best way, if the utmost is to be done that can be 
done for the relief of the sufferings of humanity, if these things are in accordance with the 
mind of God, then God has been working— does anyone doubt it ? — amongst us. 

For my part, I do not hesitate to say that the spirit which has been called forth will 
yield abundant blessing. On the one hand, the Queen's visit has evoked a spirit of loyalty in 
itself good ; and most happy it is for us that the occasion of the visit has been such that if 
disloyalty had dared to lift its head, it could only have done so by seeming to be opposed to a 
work of charity which naturally appeals to the hearts of all men ; and on the other hand, the 
spirit of loyalty evoked cannot fedl to give an impulse to the cause, and will, we may be quite 
sure, redound in blessings to this town and people. Let us, men and brethren, go forward 
in this spirit, and God will never fail us. Bring into His treasury all the stores He gives you 
for the purpose, and He will repay you again for yielding to the impulse of His blessed Spirit 
of Love. Let us be quite sure that He will never fail. " From this day," we may say with 
boldness and confidence, *' from this day He will bless us." 

We are, perhaps, too apt to confine our pulpit addresses to the individual aspects of 
Divine truth, the needs of individual souls and God's supply for them. There are aspects of 
Gospel truth which belong to the community and the nation, which are, perhaps, too often 
set aside. We have turned our thoughts to some of these to-day. But you will, I am sure, 
agree with me that it is not right in this place and on this day to refer only to the general 
aspect, as I may call it, of the truth before us. We must not put aside the individual appli- 
cation of the Scriptures we are considering. You and I, brethren, are builders, soul builders, 
builders for eternity. The eternal welfa^re of body and soul depend on building rightly. 
There is a foundation on which you can build surely. What it is has been already indicated. 
'' Other foundation can no man lay than that is laid which is Christ Jesus." If foolish 
builders neglect this, we will not. We will not build on self, however pure and true we may 
strive to be. We will not build on ordinances, however solemnly and elaborately they may be 
arranged. We will not build on the Lord's own sacraments instead of the Lord Himself. 

Ueeord o/ the Quetn's State Visit to Derby. 

The foimdation is Christ— Ghriat as the Revelation of the Triune God. The Father has 
sent the Son ; the Fathei and the Bon send forth the Holj Bpirit. The H0I7 Spirit reveala 
to as the Boo ; and the Son brings us back reconciled to onr Father. This is the doctrine of 
the Trinity." Any view of troth which fails to grasp this is imperfect, deficient, and will tend 
to rain. To boild without this foundation is to be like the man, of whom the Lord Himself 
has spoken, wlio erected his house on the sand, " and the rain descended and the floodH came, 
and the winds blew and beat upon that house, and it fell, and great was the fall of it." 
Brethren, it is only when the whole circle of truth is taken hold of and appropriated that 
peace will come and holiness will come. This, then, is the foundation. Bee the importance 
of it. It has been laid for you. You have but to depend on it. You may with all confidence 
rest on it the whole weight of your salvation and the whole erection of your character. Depend 
upon it. It will stand, for God has provided it, and it meets all His requirements. Build on 
Christ, brother, build on Christ. He will never i&\\ you. Neglect Him in His salvation and 
He becomes to you " a stone of stumbling and a lock of offence." Ah I Yes I It was said 
of the infant Christ, " This child is set for the foil and rising agai* of many in Israel." To 
some He is the savour Of life unto life, and to others the savour of death unto death. See 
that you, one and all, rest and abide in Him. 

This being also the Queen's birthday (the 24th May), " God Save the Queen " was sung 
at both morning and evening services at St. Werburgh's, St. Andrew's, St. Luke's, etc., 
whilst the National AnHiem was played at other churches. 


(Sib Willuh Evans, But.) 

IJIB (THOMAS) WILLIAM EVANS, Bart., President of the 
Derbyshire Boyal Infirmary — a striking and oharaoteristiD 
portrait of vhom will be found on another page — is the only child 
and heir of the late William Evans, Esq., of Allestree Hall, county 
Derby, J.F. and D.L., High Sheriff 1829, and M.P. for 16 years 
for that shire, and also for the borough of Leicester; by Mary, 
daughter of the Rev. Thomas Gisbome, of Yozall Lodge, county 
Stafford, Prebendary of Dniham. He was bora on the 16th of April, 
1821, and was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1642 and 
M.A. in 1846. On the 2lBt of May, 1846, he married Mary (his first cousin), who died in 
1^9, eldest daughter of Thomas John Gisborne, Esq., of Holme Hall, county Derb^. In his 
thirty-second year be essayed, on the retirement of bis &ther from the representation of 
North Derbyshire in 1868, to represent that division of the coanty in Parliament in the Liberal 
interest, bnt was defeated by Mr. Pole Thomhill. In 1657, however, he was returned at the 
top of the poll for South Derbyshire, as the colleague of the late Ur. G. B. Colvile ; and 
again, in a similar pre-eminent position, for the same constituency in 1669, on the 
memorable oocasion when Mr. Mundy, who was second on the poll, defeated the Hon. 
Augustus (afterwards the late Lord) Veraon by one vote, and that his own. In 1666, 
Mr. Evans was again successful as the oolleagoe of Mr. Colvile ; bnt in 1666, on the Irish 
Cboroh qaestion, Mr. Evans and Mr. Colvile were defeated by Mr. Bowland Smith and 
Sir Thomas Greeley. At the close of the year, however, Sir Thomas Greeley died ; and, 
after another sharp contest, Mr. Evans was defeated in January of the following year by 
Col. (now Sir Henry) Wilmot. A little later on, Ur. Evans suffered defeat as Liberal 
candidate for the borough of Stafford, near which a portion of bis property is situate. 
During his temporary absence &om Parliament Mr. Evans devoted himself with great 
assiduity to local affairs, becoming, besides Chauman of Quarter Sessions, Deputy Lieutenant 
of the county and an active county magistrate — a position he had long occupied — Mayor of 
the borough (1669-70), High Sheriff of the county (1872), and chairman of the Derby 
School Board, on which he was the chief representative of the Church interest at the time 
when the celebrated " 26th Olanse " of the Education Act was a great bone of religious 
eontention. In 1874, Mr. Evans was again returned to Farliement as member for South 

186 Record of the QweerCs State Visit to Derby. 

Derbyshire, being next on the poll to Sir Henry Wilmot, and defeating Mr. Rowland Smith. 
In 1880 he was once more returned for South Derbyshire, this time without opposition, as 
the colleague of Sir Henry Wilmot. In 1886, upon the redistribution of seats, Mr. Evans 
retired from the representation of South Derbyshire, and, though he issued his address, in 
anticipation, for Mid-Derbyshire, he was not sufficiently advanced for the wire-pullers of that 
division, and did not go to the poll. In 1886, at considerable inconvenience, and with little 
chance of success, he patriotically yielded to the solicitations that were made to him, and 
contested, unsuccessfully, the borough of Derby as a Unionist, against Sir William Harcourt 
and Mr. Boe. On June 21st, 1887, as part of the somewhat limited honours that were 
conferred on the occasion of the Queen's Jubilee, Mr. Evans was created a baronet, as 
Sir (Thomas) William Evans, of Allestree Hall, Derbyshire, and the event was made the - 
occasion of much local rejoicing. Sir William is an alderman (the. senior alderman) and J.P. 
(the senior magistrate) for the borough of Derby, and is well known as an earnest advocate 
and liberal supporter of all local, benevolent, philanthropic, religious, and educational 
movements. With regard to no institution has this been more marked than the Derby- 
shire Royal Infirmary, of which — like his father (the late Mr. William Evans, M.P.) 
and maternal grandfather (Prebendary Oisbome) before him — he has been, all his Ufe so to 
speak, a staunch friend and supporter. He was first elected President of the Infirmary in 
November, 1857, in succession to the late Mr. M. T. Bass, M.P., and as the immediate 
predecessor of the present Duke of Devonshire, who was appointed in the following year. 
A long interval elapsed before he again accepted the office — ^indeed there is only one instance 
on record (since 1861) of the same gentleman being twice elected President of the institution, 
viz., its great friend and most generous benefactor, the late Francis Wright, Esq., of 
Osmaston Manor. In November, 1889, Sir William was again persuaded to accept the high 
and honourable position of President of the Infirmary, and at that time anticipated a very 
quiet and conventional year of office. He accepted the position, to borrow his own words, 
'* with a very light heart," thinking that his year of office would be a conventional one, and 
that tbe main responsibilities it would entail on himself would consist of presiding over the 
quarterly meetings of the governors, giving the customary donation of £100 to the Infirmary, 
and attending the meetings of the Weekly Board as often as he conveniently could. He was 
soon, however, undeceived. Illness of a serious character broke out amongst the staff of the 
Infirmary, and a searching inquiry was instituted into the sanitary condition of the 
institution by several eminent experts, with the result that it was discovered to be in a most 
unsatisfoictory state, and the rebuilding of the hospital was found to be a work of absolute 
necessity. This was the alarming state of things — ^a veritable crisis, it wiU be admitted, in 
the history of the institution — ^which existed at the time when Sir William Evans arrived at 
the end of his year of office, and all eyes turned to the worthy baronet as the one of all 
others who could successfully take the helm in such a great town and county undertaking as 
the rebuilding of the Infirmary, at a cost of from £60,000 to £70,000, would necessarily 
involve. Many a man would have shrunk from a task so arduous, but Sir William Evans 
was not made of the stuff which leaves men or institutions in moments of their greatest 

Record of ths Queen's State Vint to Derby. 

peril to take oate of themaelveB, and, at the onaiiiinous and pressing wish of the governors, 
he again, last November, agreed to accept the office of President for another term, being the 
second year iu Bticoession, and the third in the last thirty yeare — an unexampled honour in 
the history of the institution. What followed is matter of recent history. Sir William's 
stirring appeal to the men of Derby and Derbyshire on behalf of tlie rebuilding of the 
Infirmary, which he practically backed up with a princely donation of £8,000 ; the business- 
hke method which he has displayed in organising the movement in every town and village 
and hamlet of the county ; and his well-known influence with Lord Hartington, which has 
done 80 much to ensure the success of the movement, and the crowning honour and stimulus 
of the Queen's visit to lay the foundation-stone of the new Infirmary — all these points are 
yet fresh in the memory of our readers, and add yet still more deeply to the lasting 
obhgations which the local oommonity are ondec to Sir William Evans for his praiseworthy 
effoits on behalf of this and every other benevolent and philanthropic work in our midst. 
It only remains to wish him — as, in our representative capacity, we most heartily do — long 
life, health, happiness, and an increase of those honours which a grateful Queen and country 
have bestowed upon one of their most deserving patriots and zealous public servaata. 


(Mayos of Dkbsi.) 

illR ALFRED SEALE HASLAM, Kt., J.P., the Mayor of Derby, 
whose portrait, in his chain of office, accompanied by that of Lady 
Haalam, will be found at the oommencement of this Record, is one 
of our most enterprising and Bucceesfn] citizens. By dint of natural 
talent and unceasing industry, combined with praiseworthy peraever- 
jAce and good fortune, he lias -at a comparatiTely early age won 
for himself a high position, not only amongst his fellow townsmen 
but also in the wider field of commerce. On Thnreday, May 2lBt, 
he experienced a brilliant and memorable honour — one which but few heads of our 
great municipalities have ever been privileged to enjoy — viz., that of receiving and 
welcoming in our midst, in the name of her devoted subjects, our illustrious and 
well-beloved Sovereign Lady, Queen Victoria. That Sir Alfred Seale Haslam proved the 
proverbial "right man in the right place " ia admitted by all classes of local society. To 
him is due the credit of conceiving the brilliant idea of a State Visit finm the Reigning 
Monarch in furtherance of the noble scheme for building the new Infirmary. The sum 
required to erect a new institution on the most modem and scieutifio principles, an 
institution which we have it on the authority of Sir Douglas Galton wiU be second to none 
in the kingdom, either in sanitary excellence or general eEGciency, is necessarily very 
considerable. Now, the Mayor rightly judged that nothing could possibly exceed the 
impetus which would be imparted to the movement if only Her Majesty could be induced 
to come to Derby and lay the foundation-stone of the new pile of buildings. Sir Alfred is 
essentially a man of action ; it is not his custom to allow grass to grow under his feet. 

He proceeded, therefore, without delay to take the initial steps in the matter. Fortu- 
nately, the town and county of Derby possess an influential friend at Court in the person of 
Lord Hartington ; and it is an open secret that the Mayor placed himself in communication 
with bis Lordship, to whose kindly offices there is no doubt whatever the town owes the 
great honour and distinction just bestowed upon it. It must not, however, be supposed that 
there were no difficultieB to be surmounted in obtaining the gracious consent of Her Majesty 
to pay a State visit to Derby, Such visits are, like those of angels, " few and far between ; " 
and, with advancing years. Her Majesty exhibits a growing, albeit a natural, reluctance, to 
take a prominent part in public demonstrations. Apropo* of this bet, we may observe that 

Record of the QuemU State Visit to Derby. 189 

only recently the Queen felt compelled to withhold from the very important and popnlons 
neighbouring town of Birmingham a similar mark of Boyal favour to that just conferred 
upon our own town. Moreover, although not generally known, it is a fiEMst that when the 
invitation from the Mayor of Derby was first laid before Her Majesty she failed to see her 
way to make an exception in behalf of our borough. But the Mayor was not to be daunted. 
Her Majesty was approached a second time, with the happy result that the Derbyshire Advertiser 
was able to announce in its issue of Thursday, March 26th, to the great surprise and delight of 
its readers, that Derby was to receive the rare and signal honour of a State visit from our 
Queen and Empress. Elsewhere will be found a full and graphic account of the brilliant 
pageant. In this article we are merely concerned with it in so far as it affects the Mayor and 
Chief Magistrate. It is universally acknowledged that Sir Alfred Scale Haslam has performed 
the important functions which fell to his lot, as the head of the Municipality, with unquali- 
fied success. At an important epoch in the history of our borough he has upheld its honour 
and dignity in a manner which entitles him to the warm thanks of the community. By the 
way, this is not the first occasion upon which Sir Alfred Scale Haslam has had the honour of 
entertaining Royalty. Some time ago he had the honour of being present with the late 
chairman of the New Zealand Shipping Qo, to receive His Boyal Highness the Prince ot 
Wales on board the Ionic in the Boyal Albert Dock, when the Prince made a close inspection 
of the vessel, and the Patent Befrigerating Apparatus. 

Sir Alfred, as will be gathered from our opening remarks, is a self-made man, and one 
of those great captains of industry who form so splendid an example of inventive genius and 
untiring devotion to duty. The fourth son of the late Mr. William Haslam, who for more 
than half a century had been connected with the iron trade of Derby, and who for many years 
was a member of the Corporation, the subject of this sketch was bom on October 27th, 1844. 
He was educated in Derby, and displaying at an early age a marked taste for engineering pur-, 
suits — a taste which he doubtless inherited from his father — he served his apprenticeship at 
the works of the Midland Bailway in Derby. Needless to say he availed himself to the fullest 
extent of the opportunities there afforded of acquiring a thorough acquaintance with the 
most practical forms of engineering. Conscious that his success in life would depend upon 
his own exertions, and determined to carve out for himself a prosperous and honourable 
career, he threw himself heart and soul into his daily work, with the object of learning 
everything there was to be learnt, and thus equipping himself with the most powerful 
weapons for the battle of life — viz., knowledge, ability, and experience. His first engagement 
was with the well-known firm of Sir William O. Armstrong and Co., London and Newcastle- 
on-Tyne. Hydraulic machinery principally occupied his attention whilst in the employment 
of this firm. Amongst a number of important undertakings entrusted to him was the erection 
of the extensive hydraulic apparatus at Broad Street Station. In 1868 Sir Alfred returned to 
his native town, and commenced business for himself at the Union Foundry. With the 
aid of a titaff of workmen, which for some time did not exceed twenty^ — at the present time 
we may parenthetically remark he employs above five hundred-^he carried on for some time 
a general engineering business on a comparatively small -scale. Shortly afterwards his 

140 Record of ihe Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

attention was directed by discussions both in and oat of Parliament to the great desirability, 
since grown into an absolute necessity, for machinery by which perishable food supplies 
could be transported to this country. With our vast and ever-increasing population it is of 
supreme importance not only that the most abundant supplies, but also that the cheapest 
and most nutritive food stuffs should be placed within easy reach of all classes. Sir Alfred 
decided that he would never rest until he had solved the problem, or, in other words, until 
he had invented the necessary apparatus for opening up, as it were, the rich pasture lands of 
Australia and New Zealand, with their beef and mutton at 2d. or 8d. per lb., to the teeming 
populations of our great cities. 

'' The principle," as the British Trade Journal lucidly explains, '' which Sir Alfred 
sought to apply, and ultimately succeeded in applying with brilliant success, was one 
discovered in its theoretical form some 150 years ago. It is based on the foict that air which 
has been compressed, dried, and cooled, will, when suddenly allowed to expand, fall in 
temperature to a degree below freezing point corresponding to the density of the point to 
which it has been compressed. The difficulty experienced by Sir Alfred as an engineer, was 
practically to apply this philosophical truth. The mechanical difficulties proved almost 
insurmountable. But the field was open, and the rewards of success stimulated this 
inventor, as others have been similarly encouraged, where important mechanical achieve- 
ments and discoveries have been at stake.*' 

*' In the autumn of 1881 Sir Alfred had the pleasure of boarding the Orient Steam 
Navigation Co.'s Steamship Orient on its arrival in the Thames from Sydney, with a cargo of 
mutton and beef, which had been preserved in a cold air chamber maintained at the requisite 
low temperature by one of his freezing machines, one of the first which had ever been put on 
board ship practically to solve the question of our meat supply. It must have been a source 
of infinite satisfebction to find how successfully his cargo turned out, and how well the 
machinery had worked, without even a momentary stoppage, during the six weeks* voyage, the 
greater part under a tropical sun. From that day to this the frozen meat trade has been 
steadily developing — ^not, however, for meat alone, but for the conveyance of ice, fish, milk, 
fruit, and vegetables ; and we now receive supplies of fresh perishable provisions regularly 
from Australia, New Zealand, the Biver Plate, Canada, the United States, and other parts, 
all of which, with the exception of hardly a fraction, has been brought to us by Sir Alfred's 
dry-air refrigerating machinery. Auxiliary to the Frozen Meat Companies for conveying meat, 
there have been established at all the ports of export and import vast stores or cold-air 
chambers and cellars, in which the meat and other articles are kept before being placed on 
board ship or sent to the market for sale to the butcher. The dead meat market at Smith- 
field is also thus supplied, and such stores are fitted with the Haslam Company's machinery, 
which works day and night for months at a time, reducing the temperature to the necessary 
degree. The Haslam machines are also used for cooling hospitals and public buildings in hot 
countries, for cooling rooms in breweries, dairies, chocolate factories, and other establishments 
where a cold, dry air is required. All kinds of perishable food, meat, butter, eggs, milk, and 
fruit, may be preserved indefinitely whether on land or at sea, in temperate climates or in 

Seeord of the Qmm's Sitae VisU to Derby. 141 

tropioal. In the bacon oaring industry also refrigerating machinery is of the highest impor- 
tance, and special machines are made by the Haslam Company for the establishments of wine 
growers and for the manufEbcture of ice. For the last-named purpose the British Govern- 
ment employed them daring the Egyptian campaign, and the Italians have used them for a 
similar purpose with reference to the troops at Massowah. Among the numeroas shipping 
companies and ship-owning firms who have vessels fitted with refrigerating machinery by the 
Haslam Engineering Company, are the Peninsalar and Oriental ; the .Canard ; the White 
Star Line ; Messrs. Henderson and Co. ; the Orient ; the Pacific Steam Navigation ; the 
Shaw, BaviU, and Albion Company ; Messrs. Donald Carrie and Co. ; the New Zealand 
Shipping Company ; the British India Steam Navigation Company ; the Galon Line, 
and other important lines. Of the meat stores fitted with such refrigerators we may mention 
those at Smithfield, capable of holding about 2,000 tons of meat, and others at the Victoria, 
the East and West India, and the London and St. Eatherine's Docks, at the establishments 
of Messrs. Nelson Bros., and at all the leading meat-storage companies' premises. In New 
Zealand, Australia, and the Biver Plate, numbers of the machines are ai work, as many as 
twenty being used by a single company." 

In 1884, Sir Alfred achieved one of his most striking successes, which has been fraught 
with immense benefit to our colonies. A full description of the " new departure " 
inaugurated by Sir Alfred was given in the following terms in The Times of Jan. 80th of that year. 

"The New Zealand Shipping Company's steamer Ionic, had then just left Grave- 
send with a consignment of 60,000 salmon eggs, packed on an entirely new principle, 
in order to keep down the temperature aud retard the development of the germ in fish eggs. 
The method hitherto adopted in sending out consignments of ova to the Colonies had been to 
surround the cases in which the eggs are deposited with blocks of ice, which it was too often 
found, besides taking up a large space and adding much to the cost, melted en route, causing 
the destruction of the eggs it was intended to preserve. Even if the supply of ice did not 
become exhausted, the excessive saturation of the moss in which the eggs were packed, by 
the percolation of the ice water, and the impossibility of effecting a change of the atmosphere 
in the packages, led to chemical action, or to the development of fungoid growths, which 
equally often proved fatal to a large proportion, if not the whole, of the eggs. The new 
system adopted was a modification of Haslam's Refrigerating Machinery. By an ingenious 
contrivance invented by Sir Alfred, the air, though kept at a steady temperature of from 80 to 
40 degrees — low enough to retard the development of the eggs without actually freezing 
them — was also so thoroughly saturated with moisture, that a piece of dry flannel, being 
hung up in the chamber in which the eggs were deposited, became quite damp in the course 
of a few hours." The experiment proved an immense success, and Sir Alfred's invention in 
this direction has proved an incalculable boon to our colonies, whose rivers, as the result of 
being stocked with ova conveyed by his process, now teem with salmon. 

An important function in connection with Sir Alfred's invention took place at Deptford 
so recently as Friday, May 29th last, when the Lord Mayor, accompanied by Mr. Sheriff Farmer 
and Mr. Sheriff Harris, attended at the opening of a new '* chill room " which has been 

142 Ricord of the Queen's State VisH to Derby. 

erected in the Deptford Cattle Market, over which the Grand Markets Committee of the 
Corporation of the City of London has control. The carcases of animals slaughtered as 
they arrive at the waterside market place are taken by means of a simple running apparatus 
to a "chill room," where as many as 800 sides may be left to hang in a freezing 
temperature. This, it is stated by the experts in such matters, not only improves the meat, 
but causes it to keep better when passed on from the wholesale man to the retailer. 
The new machinery by which the cold air is pumped into the freezing rooms and the 
used air drawn out, has been supplied by Sir Alfred Haslam, its inventor, patentee, 
and manufacturer. Mr. Alderman Phillips, Sir John Monckton, Mr. Sly, Mr. Enott, 
Mr. Wallace, Dr. W. H. Wray, of the United States Department of Agriculture, and the 
representatives of New Zealand were among those who minutely examined the details of the 
working of the machinery. Mr. C. J. Cuthbertson, the chairman of the Cattle Markets 
Committee, gave some interesting information concerning the rise and progress of the 
Deptford Cattle Market, and the necessity for the present addition to its resources. Last 
year, of a total of 806,878 animals entered, 169,058 were cattle, showing a large increase, 
but there was a decline in the sheep, owing to the compulsory stoppage of the German 
supplies. Tet the lairage and market dues amounted to £46,646, as compared with £89,886 
in 1889. Mr. Cuthbertson further pointed out that the market was of great advantage to 
the poor, as one bullock supplied edible offal sufficient for 44 people's dinners, and a sheep for 
eight. The chill rooms, he added, would hold 800 sides of beef, and when the meat was thus 
cooled much waste was prevented, and it reached the consumers in the primest condition. 
This striking statement as to the immense volume of business transacted at the market was 
supplemented by the Lord Mayor, who expressed himself proud of the work performed by 
the Corporation in furnishing the metropolis at large not only with supplies of meat, but with 
fish, vegetables, poultry, and hay. Afiier a few words from Mr. Lindsey and Mr. Greenwood, 
the guests were entertained at a luncheon. In the course of other speeches, Sir Alfred 
Haslam, the inventor of the cold-air machine, described the difficulties which had attended 
its introduction, but there were now six steamers fitted with the apparatus, having a capacity 
of 64,000 carcases, and others were in [hand to carry 100,000 each. Cheese and butter 
were coming to hand in hundreds of tons from New Zealand, and a few days ago the 
steamship BaUarat brought 24,000 cases of apples, worth £17,600. One such case he had 
the honour of presenting to the Queen at Derby, who expressed her great gratification at 
receiving a present of this character from her colonies. In further illustratioa of the 
possibilities of the refrigerating system. Sir Alfred mentioned that Norwegian fish was about 
tq be supplied to Egypt, and Mr. Low stated that, in a few days, a large consignment of 
frozen rabbits from New Zealuid would arrive. In this colony, it was added, meat could be 
got at Id. per pound. Cold-air storage, it was shewn, places these boundless food supplies 
at our command. 

In 1876 Sir Alfred's business was converted into a limited liability company, under the 
title of the Haslam Foundry and Engineering Co., Sir Alfred being its managing director 
and principal shareholder. The works now cover some four acres of ground, and, as already 

Seeord of 1A< Qwen'i State YUit to Btrby, 

144 Record of the Queen* s State Vieit to Derby. 

indioatedy famish employment for some .500 hands. Both the situation of the works and their 
constmction are all that could be desired. Within easy communication of both the Midland 
and Great Northern Railways, they have also the advantage, thanks to the river Derwent, 
which lies adjacent, of canal and river navigation. The new buildings were constructed on 
the most modernised principles, being designed for the purpose of turning out the best possible 
work on the largest conceivable scale. By the way, not the least interesting portion of the 
works is the original " Haslam Foundry," the Jonz e% origo, so to speak, of the present 
gigantic concern. The old foundry, where the Mayor carried on his experiments and com- 
pleted his inventions, remains still in use, and will, it may be taken for granted, ever be 
preserved, on account of the old and cherished associations bound up with it. The facade 
facing the road is of regular design, the main entrance being immediately in the centre ; 
afld the wings right and left of this, occupied as fitting and machine shops, filled with the 
most modem tools and appliances. Directly over the entrance are the general offices, 
manager's room, drawing offices, and stores. Close by are the pattern makers' and joiners' 
shops, and behind these the smiths' shop. The fitting-shop to the right of the main 
entrance has a gallery, in which the small work is carried on. From the gallery, as well 
as from the drawing offices, the whole of the fitters in the department can be seen busily 
employed at their work. The sight is both an interesting and impressive one. As the 
stoppage or breakdown of the refrigerating machinery might be attended with the most 
serious losses, the aim and object of the company is to attain the highest possible point of 
perfection in manu&cture. Since 1878 Sir Alfred has almost exclusively devoted his atten- 
tion to the invention, perfection, and manufacture of the cold-air re&igerating machinery, 
which has brought him such fame as well as prosperity. The part played by Sir Alfred in the 
matter has by no means been restricted to the production of the machines. It required great 
faith and enthusiasm, as well as great persistence and ability, in order to induce the steam- 
ship companies to embark in the frozen meat trade. To Sir Alfred is due the credit of con- 
vincing them of the great opening for such an enterprise, and of pioneering it to such 
astonishingly successful results. Apropos of this point, the following remarks, made -by the 
Mayor on the occasion of the banquet at which he entertained his workpeople, will be 
read with interest : — '* Some people said that these wholesale importations of provisions 
would do a serious amount of harm to the agricultural industry of this country ; but nothing 
of the kind occurred. Indeed, if it had not been for these importations he did not know 
what would have happened. It was evident that many poor people must have gone short 
of such necessaries of life as beef and mutton. It was well known that this little island 
could only produce an insufficient amount of food for the ever-growing population, and unless 
supplies could be obtained from the colonies, the home food supply in the shape of meat 
would [have to come from America and the Continent of Europe. Now, however, that 
refrigeratorsjhad become an assured success, British ships could not only bring meat from 
the colonies, but take from this country to them manufactured goods. Each country was 
therefore receiving surplus articles from the other, and each was therefore receiving and 
conferring mutual advantage. The ships never went away empty, but conveyed cutlery, 

Bficard of the Qusm's State VitU to Derby. 146 

Irish goods, linens, calicoes, etc., so that that industry had not only been important to him- 
self and workmen, bat also of great national importance, helping to unite England and her 
colonies in a manner not known before." 

Another important advantage derived by this country, it may be pointed out, is the 
important business connected with the bringing over by the refrigerating apparatus of cheese 
and apples. It was only last year that the steamship Ballarat arrived from the antipodes 
with ihe first cargo of apples. It contained no fewer than 24,000 cases, and every case was 
in splendid condition. A large number of ships are now loaded with cases of apples from 
the colonies. In 1889, Sir Alfred was presented with the freedom of the City of London — 
a rare and honourable distinction — in recognition of his position and reputation in the 
world of commerce. He is also a liveryman of the City of London, and connected with 
the company^of Coaohmakers and Coach-harness makers. 

In spite of his numerous business engagements. Sir Alfred Haslam has devoted much 
time and energy to local public affairs, ever being prominent in advancing the interests of 
his native town. He entered the Town Council as a representative of Derwent Ward, in 
which his works are situate, in 1879, and has continued to represent the same ward up to 
the present time. In 1886 he was appointed a Justice of the Peace for the Borough, and so 
recently as July 1st last he qualified as a County Magistrate, having been placed on the Com- 
mission of the Peace by the Lord Lieutenant of the County, His Qrace the Duke of Devonshire. 
Amongst other local offices which Sir Alfred fills are those of t)irectur of the Derby and Derby- 
shire Bank, President of the Children's Hospital, and Governor of the Derby and Derbyshire 
Boyal Infirmary. For several years he has occupied the position of Vice-President of the 
Chamber of Commerce, and on Wednesday, June 10th, of the present year, succeeded 
to the Presidency of that important body. Mr. Geo. Holme, in proposing the election of 
Sir Alfred Haslam, expressed the desire, on behalf of the Chamber, to congratulate Sir Alfred 
upon the well-merited honour conferred upon him by Her Majesty. The motion was 
seconded by the Hon. F Strutt, and carried unanimously. Sir Alfred, in reply, stated that he 
had been a member of the Chamber for 21 years, and had therefore attained his majority. 
His time was folly occupied, but he should always be ready to devote what was necessary to 
the duties devolving upon him in connection with the Chamber. — Having for a long 
period taken a deep interest in all movements affecting the welfekre of the town. Sir Alfred's 
election as Mayor and chief Magistrate in November last was generally felt to be in accord 
with the eternal fitness of things. Alderman Sir William Evans in proposing his election, 
observed that " for eleven years Mr. Haslam ^had been an active member of the Council, and 
had also taken a full share of the work of the committees, where, they all knew, most of the 
business of the Corporation was transacted. He was a gentleman of the highest possible 
private character, he had lived all his life iu the town, he was an excellent business man 
who had built up a large and most important commercial undertaking, and was consequently 
a large employer of labour. He (Sir William) had always been struck with Mr. Haslam's 
courtesy and forbearance towards his colleagues, and his remarks in the Council had always 
been characterised by clearness and ability." 


146 ttecord of the QueerCs State Visit to Derby. 

The Hon. F. Strutt, in seconding the motion, also bore eloquent testimony to Sir Alfred's 
eminent fitness for the post. "Not only/' he said, ''was Mr. Haslam a native of this town, not 
only had he served in the Council for many years, and served as well and usefully as any gentle- 
man who could be named, but his father before him was known and respected by the fathers of 
many gentlemen present. Although the industry which the late Mr. Haslam conducted was not 
so extensive as the business now carried on by his son, it was an honourable one. The present 
Mr. Haslam, however, had been instrumental in introducing to Derby an industry which had 
made itself known, not only in this town and country, but throughout the entire civilised world." 

In returning thanks for the honour bestowed upon him. Sir Alfred delivered a very 
interesting address, in which he indicated various town improvements which he hoped to carry 
forward during his term of office. The Mayor, suo more, threw himself heart and soul into 
his new work, displaying an activity and ubiquity in the performance of his duties which have 
rarely, if ever, been surpassed. Mindful that generosity, like another excellent quality, begins 
at home, he commenced his civic hospitalities by inviting his workpeople and their wives, to 
the number of some seven hundred, to a great banquet in the Drill Hall on Saturday 
December 20th, 1890. The affair was a brilliant success, and will long be remembered with 
pleasure and satisfaction by this army of homy-handed sons of toil and their worthy 
helpmeets. The workpeople took the opportunity of presenting their employer with a highly 
artistic congratulatory addres^ towards which every individual workman had contributed. 
In returning thanks, the Mayor aptly remarked that on becoming Mayor, " it occurred to 
him that one of his first public duties ought to be to recognise the faithful services of 
nearly five hundred men. He thought that if anybody deserved that post of honour it was 
his workpeople, and he desired in a public manner to recognise the valuable assistance 
he had received from them all from day to day for many years past.'* The kindly 
words of the Mayor were cheered to the echo, and the utmost enthusiasm prevailed 
throughout the memorable proceedings. Another magnificent entertainment, given by 
the Mayor and Mayoress, long talked of and eagerly looked forward to, was the Children's 
Fancy Dress Ball, which was held in the Drill Hall, on Tuesday evening, February 8rd, 
1891. The novelty of the event, the picturesque dresses of the children, the spleiidid 
hospitality dispensed, and last, but by no means least, the bright countenances of the 
children radiant with happiness, contributed to form a brilliant tout ensemble. 

At a quarter to eight o'clock, the Mayor and Mayoress, leaving the reception-room, 
proceeded with their family to the other end of the hall, all rising to their feet as the band 
struck up the well-known notes of the National Anthem — the signal for the commencement 
of the children's dances. The sight of the little ones, in their many-coloured, grotesque, and 
nymph-like costumes, dancing together, with all the joyous exhilaration of childhood and 
youth, was a sight never to be forgotten by the adults who so pleasurably witnessed it. 
Excellent order and a clear space for the youngsters within the barriers were admirably 
preserved, owing to the efficient and zealous efforts of Mr. T. Boe, M.P., who was the 
experienced M.C., ably assisted by the following stewards : — Mrs. Stormont, Mrs. Shaw, Mrs. 
B. W. Pike, Miss Shaw, Miss May Taylor, Miss M. Cox, Major G. G. Bowring, Mr. 6 
Brigden, Lieut.-Col. Gascoyne, Mr. B. J. Harrison, Mr. W. G. Haslam, Mr. H. M. Haywood 

Record of the Queen^e State VisU to Derby. 147 

Mr. E. Home, Major Monkhouse, Dr. Macphail, and Major Newbold. A small committee, 
consisting for the most part of the stewards, efficiently superintended all the arrangements, 
the details of which were most admirably carried oat, without a hitch, by Mr. W. Crowther, 
curator of the Free Library and Art Gallery, as a moaiji efficient, painstaking, and courteous 
hon. secretary. Special praise is also due to Mrs. Shaw and Mrs. Stormont— on whom much 
of the preliminary preparation of the children in dancing and deportment had fallen — who 
marshalled and directed the little ones for the various dances in a manner which was beyond 
all praise, and whose general services to the undertaking were invaluable in their character. 
The procession was, probably, the prettiest sight of the evening, enabling the onlookers to 
see, as at a review, all the children in their picturesque costumes. The youngsters, headed 
by the Mayor's son, in a naval officer's uniform, paraded in step to the strains of a suitable 
march, which was played by the band, the Mayor — ^accompanied by the Mayoress, who 
carried a magnificent bouquet of lilies of the valley — efficiently beating time for them, and 
acting withal as reviewing officer. The performance was highly appreciated, and, at its 
close, the little ones were loudly applauded. The assembly of adults, including the leading 
citizens of the town, with their wives and families, and many of the leading residents of the 
county, was a particularly brilliant one, and, amongst several civic dignitaries from a distance, 
the Bight Worshipful the Mayor of Lincoln (Mr. Edwin Pratt), wearing the magnificent 
diamond pendant, which, with its ruby cross of St. George, centred with a gold fleur-de-lis, 
is the armorial ensign of his office — was the recipient, together with Mrs. Pratt, of many 
warm greetings from a host of old Derby friends and acquaintances. From half-past eight 
o'clock, and during the remainder of the evening, supper was served in the annexe, or glass- 
covered yard at the Becket Street entrance to the hall. The apartment itself was adorned 
in keeping with the decoration of the interior of the hall, both walls and roof being draped 
with red, white, and blue cloth, festooned with pink and white, whilst the beautiful plate and 
glass and artistically-garnished dishes of the tables were lit up with the subdued rays of oil 
lamps, moderated with red shades. Mr. Bayner, of the Bell Hotel, with the aid of his noted 
chef, provided, in really splendid style, a banquet .which was replete with every delicacy. 

The latest brilliant functions in which the Mayor has taken so leading a part are fully 
described elsewhere. Beference to one pleasing feature of the proceedings on the memorable 
21st of May must not, however, be omitted in this sketch. It is almost unnecessary to say 
that we refer to the knighthood bestowed upon His Worship, under such extremely com- 
plimentary circumstances, at the conclusion of the Queen's visit. It formed a most fitting 
fatale to the great event of the day, adding to it a finishing touch which afforded the greatest 
gratification to the entire community. No honour was ever more fully deserved, and in 
conferring a knighthood upon the Mayor, Her Majesty paid a highly-appreciated compliment 
to the municipality of which he is the head. The official announcement of the distinction 
appeared in the London Gazette in tiie following terms : — " Derby, May 21st, 1891. The Queen 
was this day pleased to confer the honour of knighthood on Alfred Scale ELaslam, Esq., of 
North Lees and West Bank, in the county of Derby, Mayor of Derby, Liveryman and citizen 
of London." Sir Alfred was presented by the Earl of Lathom at the levte held on Friday, 
June 6ih, at St. James's Palace, to the Prince of Wales, on behalf of Her Majesty. 

148 .Record of ike Quern* s State Vigit to Derby. 

Amongst the nnmerous flattering and well-deserved recognitions of his pre-eminent 
services in reference to the Queen's visit which Sir Alfred has received, the following 
resolution, unanimously adopted by the Weekly Board of the Derbyshire Boyal Infirmary, at 
their first meeting after the eventful day, is of special value, coming as it does from the 
managing body of the institution in whose behalf the great event was planned and con- 
summated with such brilliant success : — '* That the hearty thanks of the Weekly Board be 
given to his Worship the Mayor of Derby for his successful labours on the occasion of the 
visit of Her Majesty the Queen to lay the foundation-stone of the Infirmary.'* His recent 
appointment as a County Magistrate was also a graceful recognition on the part of the official 
head of the county of the admirable manner in which, as the head of the municipality, 
Sir Alfred received the Queen on the occasion of Her Majesty's State Visit. 

In the discharge of his arduous duties, Sir Alfred has ever found a true co-operator and 
warm sympathiser in his highly esteemed wife, Lady Haslam (nee Miss Tatam, of the Elms, 
Little Eaton), who gracefully unites with him in dispensing hospitality to their numerous 
friends at their residence, North Lees, Derby. Sir Alfred has gathered around him an 
immense number of works of art and beauty, selected with the taste of a connoisseur, and the 
" household gods " at North Lees form a collection of whose possession any nobleman might 
be proud. Sir Alfred and Lady Haslam have four children— namely, Master Alfred Victor 
Haslam, aged 16, who is being educated at Bepton School ; Master Eric Seale, and the Misses 
Hilda and Edith. 


'* It is just upon ten years ago that the first cargo of frozen meat arrived in the Thames 
from Sydney. Such a cargo was rendered possible by the energy and skill of one man, whose 
indefatigable will had overcome all obstacles, and who had at last succeeded in proving the 
practicability of keeping the English market supplied with fresh meat from the Antipodes. 
Probably the majority of people in the country have not realised how great and far-reaching 
is the revolution he effected. To the working and middle classes it means that the price of 
meat has been kept within reasonable limits : and the colonist has had opened to him a vast 
market for his surplus cattle. This has enabled him to increase his purchases of British 
manufactures, from which, again, our working population derive support. The originator of 
such magnificent results — the achievement of twenty years incessant effort — has, as all the 
world is aware, just been knighted by the Queen. Perhaps it is a gratifying sign of the 
times that such honours are conferred more and more upon those who have done the State some 
service, not as leaders. of armies, but as captains of industry. Among these Sir Alfred 
Scale Haslam takes foremost rank, for seldom has the honour of knighthood been more worthily 
bestowed." — British Trade Journal, 

A correspondent well versed in heraldic matters writes as follows : — It may be 
interesting to your readers, in view of the prominent part taken by the Mayor of Derby 
in the reception of Her Majesty the Queen, to give you some account of the armorial 
bearings of His Worship, particularly as they happen to be of a singularly unique and 
appropriate character. Without being too technical and using terms which would not h0 

Record of the Queen* s State Vidt to Derby. 149 

generally understood, the following will give a very good popular idea of the insignia in 
question. To begin with — as we might expect with a man who is the honourable architect 
of his own fortunes — the grant of arms to Sir Alfred Seale Haslam from Her Majesty's 
College of Arms in London is a comparatively recent one. At the same time the prevailing 
idea — the motif de piece, if I may so call it— -of the arms is not a new one, being taken from a 
much older grant to the Irish family of Haslam, with which, of course, it is quite possible 
that, in some collateral and remote degree, the Derby family of the same name is connected. 
The arms are what is designated in heraldry as '* canting" arms — i.e., they contain a 
punning and symbolical reference to the name of the family to which they pertain. The 
reference is rather far fetched, it is true, but it is so patent on the face of it that *' he who 
runs may read." This will be at once understood when I say that the characteristic 
charges on the shield— or rather on the *' chief " of it — are two hazel leaves and a lamb. 
Blend the words and you get at it directly — Hazel-lamb, which only wants abbreviating and 
softening and you get *' Haslam " without further difficulty, which it must be admitted is rather 
a good way of expressing a proper name in type and symbol. Then, lower down in the shield — 

and this is a peculiarity of the new as distinguished from the older 
arms of Haslam — we get what are called in heraldry '* two bars wavy, 
azure'* — typical, one would suppose, of the blue waves of the sea 
across which our worthy Mayor, in his refrigerated ships, brings 
in such large quantities sheep and lambs from the pastures of the 
antipodes. The crest, as is usual in such cases, embodies the 
leading charges of the coat of arms which it surmounts — that is to 
say we again get the lamb and the hazel-leaf, though with a 
somewhat different and more effective arrangement, and the 
introduction of what I take to be yet another piece of symbolism, new 
and peculiar to the present Mayor, and not present in the older grant to which I have 
referred. The crest, then, consists of an eagle, with a '' slipped " hazel leaf in its beak and 
with a shield suspended by a ribbon to its neck, bearicg a lamb similar to that which 
figures in the shield beneath. Thus we have, in symbolic language, the name of 
** Hazel-lamb " (Haslam) repeated, with the further emblen^ of the eagle, which is a great) 
carrier of lambs, as indeed, the Mayor, in bis vast business operations from New Zealand to 
this country, may be very fitly said to be. The motto of the Mayor — following that o4>the 
more ancient family of the name — is, like the arms and crest already described, a '* canting '* 
one — i.e., it plays on the principal charge on the shield and on the second syllable of the 
name, " lam(6)." In the Latin it runs thas, ** Agnus Dei, Salvator Mens,** which, at the same 
time that it refers to the armorial lamb above mentioned, gives expression to a very pious 
and proper declaration of belief and trust in '* the Lamb of Ood " as '' the Saviour of the 
World.'* All of which taken together — arms, crest, and motto— goes, I think, to make up as 
pretty and expressive a bit of symbolic wit and punning fancy as, if we search them from end 
to end, we shall find in the pages of heraldry, — The Mayor's knighthood makes no difference 
to his coat of arms, except that between his shield and crest he will be entitled to a knight's 
instead of an esquire's helmet. 

Uecord of the Queen'M State VitU to Derby. 

Beamt of the Qvttn't StaU Vint to Dfrhy. 



The New Hospital Till ooosist of tbirteeo blocks of bnildingB, which, for the purpose of 
description, may oonTenlentlj be numbered as follows ; — 1, Front Adrainistration. 2, Back 
Administration. 8, Lanndi; and Engine Honae. 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, Ward Pavilions. 9, Oat- 
patienU' Department. 10, Chapel. 11, Operatiou Boom. 12, Home for Nurses. 18, 

[Pnm Phoioi. bg W. W. WinUr, Derby.) 

The central block round which the wards and other buildings are grouped is No. 1, the 
Front Admin isttatioD. Thia is a three-storey building, said contains on'tbe ground floor the 
main entrance to the Hospital, with the Secretary's ofBce, waiting-room, porter's office, and 
room for Medical StafI closely adjacent. The eastern part of the ground floor ia devoted to 
the Casualty Department, with its separate entrance, waitiug-room, cons nltitig- rooms, and a 
small ward for oases of urgency. On the first floor is the Board-room, with the residential 
quarters for the Medical Stnff and the Mattan. The second floor is devoted to bed-rooms for 
the servants. 

This building is connected to the Back Adminietration (block No. 2] by a corridor, and 
again to thejmain Hospital corridor, which, running at right angles, divides the block in 

1*52 Becord of the Queen's State Vidt to Derby. 

quoBtion into two unequal parts. The lower or larger part of the block contains on the 
ground floor the stores, linen rooms, etc., and on the upper floor the kitchen offices and 
larders. The upper or smaller part contains on the ground floor the nurses' dining-room, 
servants' hall, and pantry, aud on the upper floor bed-rooms and sitting-rooms for the porters. 

Block No. 8 contains the Laundry, with a separate wash-house for infected linen, the 
Boiler House, Engine Boom, Disinfecting House, and Cremator for refuse. 

Blocks Nos. 4 and 6 are similar in all respects, so that a description of one will suffice 
for the other. Each block is approached from the main corridor by a covered bridge, with 
free ventilation at each side, and of sufficient height only to afford proper head room. The 
object of this arrangement is to isolate each ward from aerial contact with the other wards, 
and thus to prevent the connecting corridors being channels for the conveyance of air from 
one ward to the other. 

At tbe entrance to the Pavilion will be found spaces for coal bunkers, cupboards for ward 
linen, patients' clothes, and food ; a w.c. for the use of nurses ; and a cupboard for brooms, 
pails, etc. Close to the entrance to the ward on one side of the corridor is a separation 
Ward, capable of holding two beds, and on the other side a nurse's duty room or ward 

The wards are 127 ft. long, 29 ft. wide, and are arranged to hold 24 beds each. Each 
bed is separated from its neighbour's by a window, and each patient will have 145 ft. 
floor space and 1,890 ft. cubic space. The floors will be laid with teak, or some similar 
hard wood, bedded directly on concrete, and the framework of the floors and ceilings will be 
of iron, bedded in concrete. In the finishing of the walls, floors, ceilings, windows, and 
doors, all internal angles will be rounded, in order to provide no avoidable lodging-places 
for dust. The wards will be warmed partly by open fire-places placed in the centre with 
descending flues, and partly by steam coils placed in window recesses, and provided with 
fresh air from outside. 

At the further end of the wards are two towers, connected with the wards by covered 
bridges, containing the sanitary offices and the bath rooms. Between these towers are 
balconies for the use of convalescent patients. 

Block 6 is on the ground floor, exactly similar to Nos. 4 and 6. On the upper floor 
it contains six small wards for one bed each, and a general ward for 10 beds, all of which 
will be allotted to the Gynascological department. Block 7 is similar in all respects to 
Nos. 4 and 5. 

Block 8 is a two-story building, and will be devoted on tbe ground floor to Diseases 
of the Eye. It contains two wards for six beds each, and has in addition to the usual 
ward offices, a separate operation room, with a recovering room attached. The upper 
floor of this block contains two wards for children, with the necessary offices. 

The Out-Patients' Department, No. 9, is at the extreme south-east end of the main 
corridor, and is a one-storey building. 

The entrance for patients is in the centre of the front, facing the London Bead. 
Immediately inside the entrance are two small waiting lobbies for new patients, separated 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby, 168 

from eaeh other by tb« porter's office. From these aooess is obtained to the GeDeral 
waiting hall. Off ibis hall are placed the' four consulting rooms, each of which is provided 
with a small examining room. From these consulting rooms the patients will go to a 
second waiting room, where they will wait their turn to receive tbeir medicines from the 
Dispensary. Behind the Dispensary is the Pathological Department and Museum. 

The Chapel (No. 10) is placed midway between the Back Administration and the Eastern 
Ward Pavilion (blocJcs 4 and 5). 

In the corresponding position to the last, on the western side of the Administration 
block, is the Operation Boom. Beside the operation room itself, there is a room for the 
administration of ansBSthetics, and a room for the staff. The operation room will be lined 
with marble slabs up to a height of between seven and eight feet, above which the walls 
and ceilings will be painted and varnished. The floor will be laid with ** mischiati," which 
consists of marble chips bedded in cement, and forms a very hard impervious surface. 
In all its details every effort will be miade to secure as entirely *' antiseptic *' conditions 
as possible. 

The Home for Nurses (Block 12) is a detached* building, and will afford accommoda- 
tion for 48 nurses. Each nurse will have a separate bed-room and separate sitting-room, 
and reading-rooms will be provided for the staff nurses and probationers respectively. 

The Morthary Block (No. 18) is also a detached building, and will contain, in addition 
to the Mortuary and Post Mortem Boom, a separate chamber where bodies will be placed 
for friends to view, and an ambulance house and stable. 

Externally the buildings will be faced with red bricks, with Bentley Brook stone 
mullions, cornices, and mouldings. The style adopted is late Elizabethan. 


The gentlemen Whom the governors of the Infirmary have been fortunate enough to 
secure as architects of the new building — ^we say fortunate, because of their great abilities 
and special experience in such matters — are Messrs. Young and Hall, the eminent hospital 
architects, of 17, Southampton Street, Bloomsbury, London, W.O. Of their private lives, 
owing to their own very proper modesty and reticence in such matters, we know little, 
and, indeed, perhaps it would be hardly germane to the subject of their architectural 
abilities to enter into such genealogical items and personal mimiHa. But this much we 
may say, and with propriety, that they are old school-fellows, that they have been 
associated for many years, and have carried out many hospital and sanitary works, a list 
of some of the most important of which is here appended : — Miller Memorial Hospital, 
Oreenwich ; Hastings, St. Leonard's, and East Sussex Hospital, Hastings ; Great Northern 
Central Hospital, London ; Cheshunt Cottage Hospital, Cheshunt ; Branch Hospital, Royal 
Albert Docks, for the Seamen's Hospital Society, London ; Sanatorium at King Edward 
VL's School, Sherborne ; Warwick Joint Infectious Hospital, Leamington ; Isolation 
Building, London Fever Hospital; Alterations to Eastern Hospital, Homerton; Institute 

Rxorti of ths Queeita Statt Viik to Dtrby. 

tot Trained Nurses, Middlesex Hoapittil, New Baildings for Medioal Sofaool, Beaidential 
College, New Mortaery and Pout Mortem Room, London. Works in progress: — Koyol. 
Bontli Lomloa Opbthalmio Hospital, London; Fever Hospital, Harrow School, Harrow; 
Sanatorium, Blundell's School, Tiverton : Wnrneford Hospital (additional), Leamington ; 
Derbyshire General Infirmary (te- building), Deiby ; Isolation Hospital for the Bight Hon. 
W. H. Smith, M.P., Henley-on-Thames, Sanitary Worlc; Bd-drainage of Eastern Hospital, 
Homerton, London ; Be-drainnge of Sontb Eastern Hospital, Deptford ; Be4rainage of 
West London School, Ashford ; Be-drainage of St. Mary's Orphanage, North Hyde. 
Mr. Keitb D. Yonng also holds the appointments of Hon. Architect to the London Hos- 
pital and Architect to the London Fever HospitsL 

Mr. Keith D. Youho. Hr. Ebhbi Hill. 

From Ptioloi. by W. W. Winter, Derby. 


[From the British Medical Journal, May 16tb.] 

" The old-fasbioned coonty town of Derby, trae to its reputation of being ' stow and 
sure,' is at last astir. In regard to its infirmary, as it was practically condemned in the 
Government Blue Book of 1864 by Messrs. Bristowe and Holmes, it may have been said to 
have been very slow ; bnt, if so, it is now doing its best to be very sure. There is, in a word, 
to be a new hospital, bnilt on the most approved principle by Meesrs. Young and Hall. The 
most recent hospitals in London have been visited, so as to adopt their merits and avoid their 
blunders. The Queen will lay tiie foondation-stouo on May 21st. The Mayor of the town 
has thrown himself most heartily ioto the undertaking, and has taken the most enei^etlo steps 
to give Her Majesty a right royal reception. His donation to the building fund is but a 
fraction of what he is spending, and in addition he is giving time and energy to the work 
without stint. There is, in fact, fair promise of the money — between £70,000 and £80,000 — 
being raised with comparative ease. Circumstances have combined in a very remarkable 
manner to bring this about. It is lees than twelve months ago, on the outbreak of ^hoid 

Becord of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 155 

fever amongst the nuTBes — and alas ! the death of one of them — that the alarm wae raised. 
The Weekly Board, presided over by Sir W. Evans, Bart., acted with promptness and energy, 
and determined that no half measures should be trusted. It is only bare justice to add tiiat 
the honorary medical staff has proved itself equal to the occasion. Besides spending time 
and money on the elaboration of tlie details — which have subsequently been submitted to tlie 
careful consideration of the most distinguished hospital experts. Miss Niglitingale, Sir Douglas 
Qalton, Mr. Burdett, and others — they have collectively promised more than two hundred 
guineas, and they are well aware that their labours are only just begun. Everything, in fact, at 
the present moment gives abundant promise of a result in the highest degree satisfactory to 
all parties, and fully worthy of the county, that, as the home of Miss Nightingale, is entitled 
to stand first in all that concerns hospital improvement." 


It was on the 19tb November, in the year 1802, that the Bev. Thomas Gisbome, of 
Yozall Lodge, in a letter to Francis Noel Clarke Mundy, Esq., of Markeaton, then an active 
magistrate for the county, suggested the erection of an Infirmary at Derby, offering to contri- 
bute largely to the object out of a fund left in the hands of himself and of Mr. Hawkins 
Browne for benevolent purposes. Mr. Mundy communicated the proposal to his brother 
magistrates, and to the Mayor and Corporation of Derby, by whom it was favourably enter- 
tained. He then submitted the project to the Lord-Lieutenant of the county, His Grace the 
Duke of Devonshire, who also viewed it with favour, and wrote to Mr. Mundy, proposing to 
contribute £2,000, and expressing the satisfaction it would afford him to aid in the accom- 
plishment of so desirable an object. A meeting of the leading inhabitants of the town and 
county was convened by the High Sheriff at the County Hall, on the 5th of April, 1808, 
Uberal contributions were promised, and the result was the erection of the present Infirmary, 
designed by Mr. William Strutt, and surmounted by a- statue of ^sculapius, modelled by 
Mr. Coffee. On Monday, the 4th June, 1810, the anniversary of His Majesty's birthday, the 
Infirmary, then considered to be one of the best of its kind in the kingdom, was opened for 
the reception of patients. An appropriate sermon was preached on the occasion in All Saints' 
Church by the Bev. Charles Stead Hope, after which the Governors met at the Infirmary and 
admitted the first patient, Ellen Brailsford. " Since that time," says the fiftieth annual (or 
jubilee) report of the institution in 1859, *' nearly eighty-four thousand persons have partici- 
pated in its benefits, either as in or out-patients, the larger proportion of whom have been 
either wholly cured or greatly relieved. The amount of suffering alleviated and comfort 
afforded in time of severe affliction to so large a number of persons it is impossible fully to 
estimate Its founders have long since entered into their rest, but their descen- 
dants are now amongst the warmest and best of its friends, and there are still found on the list 
of annual subscribers several individuals whose names appeared in the list first published in 
the year 1810, and who have so continued uninterruptedly from that time to the present." 
The hereditary interest thus manifested in the welfare of the Infirmary is still characteristic 

156 Record of ^ Quem*$ State Vidt to Derby. 

amongst the goyemors of the institution. The first anniversary meeting of the Infirmary was 
held under the presidency of His Grace the (then) Duke of Devonshire, and it is a gratifying 
circumstance that the present venerable head of that noble house presided over its fiftieth 
anniversary, and is now, forty-one years later, not only the most munificent contributor 
towards its annual support, but recently convened the great county meeting to further 
the re-building of the Infirmary, to which he has also generously contributed the very 
handsome sum of £3,000. Another instance, scarcely less notable, of hereditary interest 
in the Infirmary is furnished in the case of the practical founder of the institution, 
the Bev. Prebendary Thomas Gisbome, of Yoxall, whose maternal grandson, Sir 
William Evans, Bart., is the present president (for the third time) of the Infirmary, and 
is heading the movement for the re-building of the institution, to which he also has con- 
tributed £8,000. To recur, however, to the opening of the Infirmary in 1810, we find that the 
total amount raised— a most creditable sum for those days — ^was £81,289, including the sum 
of £5,361 4s. 4d. in the hands of the Bev. Thomas Gisbome and Mr. Hawkins Browne above- 
mentioned, and the still more munificent donation of £6,887 2s. lOd. from "An Unknown 
Friend." This sufficed to purchase the fifteen acres of land on which the institution stands — 
land purchased at £200 an acre, which must now have increased in value to an enormous 
extent — to erect the main building at a cost of £18,081, and the fever wards at an additional 
outlay of £4,789, leaving the very satisfactory and substantial balance in hand of 
£18,868 15s. 8d., with which to commence its, beneficent operations. It began by providing 
accommodation for 80 patients, not including those afflicted with infectious diseases,, but it 
was many years, in those anti-railway days, before even that available space was occupied. As 
to the means by which it was supported, we have already indicated that it started with a good 
balance in hand. But the interest on that amount was not, of course, sufficient to defray the 
ever-increasing expenses of this noble institution. Besides the annual subscribers, who firom 
the first liberally contributed to the funds of the Infirmary, Triennial Musical Festivals — such 
as even now survive in the west of Sngland — were held on its behalf, with very gratifying 
financial results. That held on the occasion of its first anniversary in 1811 realised £1,200, 
and that in 1819, under the helpful patronage and presence of H.B.H. Prince Leopold, £1,890. 
These festivals, producing an average income of about £1,000 a year to the funds of the 
charity, were continued till 1831, when a loss for the first time was sustained, and the 
festivals — the trial of which might well be resumed, under happier auspices — were discontinued. 
The anniversary (comprising Divine Service, with a sermon at All Saints' Church ; a musical 
performance, a dinner, and a sale of work) also added to the resources of the institution, but, 
one by one they fell off, till only the anniversary service remained. In response, however, to 
an eloquent appeal by the Bev. Canon Abney in 1868, the town of Derby — ^which had 
hitherto been somewhat backward in its support of the Infirmary, proportionately to the 
benefits it received — came forward nobly in the matter, and all classes, from the highest to 
the lowest, vied with each other in the heartiness of their support to an institution from 
which the community at large derived such incalculable benefit. The clergy, prior to this — 
in 1888 — had warmly taken the matter up, and doubtless the interest they thus early 

Bseord of the Queen^s State^Visit^to Derby, 157 

displayed in tbe welfare of the Infirmary led, later on, to the Infirmary Sunday Fand, which 
is now so valuable an assistance to the funds of the institution. Out of this grew 
that still more extensive contribution to the funds of the Infirmary — now amounting 
to about £1,200 a year — which is made by the working classes, through the Infirmary 
Saturday Fund. The ladies also held an annual sale of work on behalf of the charity, 
and that reminds us that, before the rebuilding of the Infirmary is completed and 
paid for, we shall almost certainly have to f&oe the inevitable bazaar to help us 
out of our difficulties, and it is safe to predict that, if it comes off, it will be at 
once by far the largest and most successful event of the kind which has ever taken 
place in the town and county of Derby. Various interesting developments of sanitary 
science are chronicled in contemporary records. Baths (similar to those at Buxton and Bath) 
were established in 1811, and discontinued in 1886 as no longer profitable. Gas was intro- 
duced in 1825, and an anatomical museum was established in 1830. The management 
seems, on the whole, to have been very good, and though an inquiry into alleged abuses was 
held in 1852, very few tangible grievances were discovered. The demands on the accommo- 
dation of the institution grew with tbe population of the town and county, and year by year 
the space available was utilised till, in 1826, the annual report states that the accommodation 
was insufficient. Nothing much, however, in the way of enlargement seems to have been 
done till 1848 — ^just about the time of the advent of railways — when the main building seems 
to have been added to considerably, new fever wards for the accommodation of forty patients, 
and lock wards for twenty-two patients being erected at a cost of £7,000. In 1857, £600 was 
spent in improving the ventilation, but this was found in 1864 to be still very imperfect, and in 
1865 a new wing was suggested, a committee being appointed to procure plans for that 
purpose. The practical result was attained in 1869, when the ** Nightingale Wing *' (so called 
after Florence Nightingale, the celebrated Derbyshire nurse of the Crimea), with chapel, 
kitchens, and other buildings, were erected, and formally opened by the late Lord Vernon, on 
November 12th of that year, being the sixtieth anniversary of the foundation of the institution. 
The total cost of these extensive additions amounted to upwards of jS25,000, but there was a 
deficiency of about £5,000, which the Governors, as a matter of principle, declined to pay out 
of their invested capital. The difficulty was met, however, by the generosity of the late 
Mr. Francis Wright of Osmaston Manor (twice President of the Infirmary), and, later on, of 
three of his sons, who, on tbe occasion of his lamented death in February, 1878, gave a 
donation of £1,000 each (thus wiping off the remainder of the debt), *' in memory of the 
deep interest their late father always took in the charity.'* When the Prince and Princess of 
Wales visited Derby, on December 17th, 1872, they visited the Infirmary on their return 
from the Drill Hall — where they had been presenting the prizes to the boys of Derby School 
— and two of the wards of the Nightingale wing were named the '' Albert Edward '' and 
** Alexandra " wards, in commemoration of the occasion. With recent events, which are yet 
resh in the minds of our readers, it is not necessary to deal. Suffice it to say that, from its 
foundation in 1810 till the present time, the Infirmary has been a source of untold blessing 
to countless thousands of the sick and suffering poor, who, as in or out patients, have 

158 Record of the Queen* s State Vidt to Derby, 

obtained health and healing within its walls. The march of sanitary science has, indeed, 
rendered a new hospital necessary, but in the accomplishment of this purpose, all-important 
though it be, we must never forget the charitable beneficence of our forefathers in the early 
part of the present century, which designed and founded this noble institution, nor the 
buildings — thought to be perfect in their day — in which, for eighty-one years, its truly 
Christ- like and benevolently useful work has been carried on, with the evident blessing of 
God, and the ever-increasing support of a grateful people, to the incalculable benefit of the 
conmiunity at large. 


The re-building of the Infirmary being the raieon d'Hre of the Queen's Visit to Derby, 
it will doubtless be interesting to many of our readers to receive some information relative 
to the staff of that important institution. We therefore append the names of the 


medical officers, the date of their qualification, and other items. 


William Ogle, Esq. (M.A., Oxon.) ; 1868; M.D. (Cantab.); F.R.C.P., London; the 
Senior Physician of the Institution, who was presented to the Queen at the ceremony of 
laying the foundation-stone, on Thursday, May 21st, 1891. Dr. Ogle was appointed 
physician to the Institution on the 27th of August, 1860. Since that time he has con- 
tinuously devoted his great medical skill to the alleviation of pain and suffering, and 
striven earnestly to promote the welfare of the Infirmary. 

Charles Augustus Greaves, Esq., LL.B. 5 1863; M.B., London; M.R.O.S., Eng. ; 
L.S.A., Lend. Dr. Greaves, who is Medical Officer to H.M. Prison at Derby, became one 
of the physicians of the Infirmary on the 28th of July, 1884. 

Winfred BentbaU, Esq., 1879 ; M.B. (Cantab.) ; M.R.C.S., Eng. ; L.S.A., Lend. 
Dr. Beuthall was appointed House Surgeon of the Infirmary in 1880, but resigned in 
December, 1888. A few months later, viz., on the 28th of July, 1884, he was elected 
one of the physicians to the Institution. 


John Wright Baker, Esq., 1850 ; M.H.C.S., Eng. ; L.S.A. In May, 1868, Mr. Baker 
was appointed one of the surgeons of the Infirmary, and held that responsible position 
for many years. On his retirement the governors conferred upon him the dibtinction of 
Consulting Surgeon. Mr. Baker was placed on the Commission of the Peace for the 
Borough of Derby in 1890. 


William Grafton Curgenven, Esq.. 1882; M.D., St. And.; M.R.C.S., Eng. Mr. 

Curgenven was appointed House Surgeon in 1878. He resigned in 1880, when he was 

succeeded by Dr. Benthall. He was elected as one of the surgical staff on the 28th 
of July, 1884. 

Beeord of the Qium't StaU Vitit to Derby, 

John Adolpbus Sharp, Esq., 1868 ; L.B.G.P., Lond. He was House Surgeon from 
November 21st, 1670, nntil Fehruary, 1874, when he reeigned, and abont thirteen years 
later, Tiz., on the 25th July, IB87, sacoeeded, as one of the Bargeons, the late Mr. A. H. 
Dolman, who had vaoated the office through ill-health. 


Edward Collier Green, Esq., L.B.C.P., Lond.; M.R.C.8., Eng. ;. L.8.A., 1881. 
Became House Surgeon on the 11th of Febrnary, 1664, and after retaining the position 
for some years, retired and devoted himself to the treatment of ophtbalmio diseases. In 
1888 he became the first Ophthalmic Bargeon appointed to the laatitatioa. 


Charles Henry Taylor, Esq., M.B., Lond., appointed 17th Jnly, 1889. 


Mr. Francis W. Bassano, who was appointed on May 12th, 1890, in saooession to 
Mr. Wilson, who retired after many years of valued service. 

Miss Mary Pratt, formerly matron of the Cardiff Infirmary. Appointed May 14th, 
1S88, in BUCcesBion to the late Miss Profayn. 


Frederick Lake Bowter, Esq., Accountant, Com Market, Derby. Mr. Sowter is the 
principal member of the firm of Messrs. Watson, Bonter, and Co., the well-known Auditors 
and Accoontants, and was appoioted Secretary to the Governors on the 4th of Augast, 
1890, in snccession to Mr. Samuel Whitaker, who resigned the appointment after holding 
office for upwards of halta-centnry. 

CArrm Pism, Canr 

Fnm a Photo, by W. W. Wmtar, Darby. 


EB MAJESTY QUEEN VICTOBIA ascended the throne on the 
31st of June, 1887. having sucoeeded thereto on the death of 
lier nnole, King William IV., very Bhortl; after FrinceBs Victoria 
attained her regal cuyority. 

William ly. died at earliest dawn, and the birds were in full 
ROng in Eenaington Gardens when the Archbishop of Ganterbiu; 
and the Lord Chamberlain and four other gentlemen came &om 
Windsor with the news. Miss Wjnn, in her diary, sajs: "They 
Icnoolced, they rang, they thumped for a considerable time, before they could tooee the porter 
at the gate. They were again liept waiting in the oontty&rd, then turned into one of the 
lower rooms, where they seemed forgotten by everybody. They rung tfae bell and desired 
that the attendant of the Princess Victoria might be sent to inform her Boyal Highness 
that they requested an audience on businesB of importance. After another delay, and 
another ringing to enquire the cause, the attendant was summoned, who stated that the 
PrinceBB was in snch sweet sleep that she oould not venture to disturb her. Then they 
said : ' We are come on business of State to the Queen, and even her sleep must give way 
to that.' It did, and to prove that she did not keep them waiting, in a few minutes she 
came into the room in a loose white nightgown and shawl, her nightcap thrown off, and her 
hair &Uing upon her shoulders, her feet in slippeia, tears in her eyea, but perfectly collected 
and dignified." 

The announcement was briefly made to her, and the first words epoken by the young 
Queen were to the Archbishop of Canterbury : — " I beg your Grace to pray for me I " They 
knelt down together, and thus the reign of Victoria was inaugurated. 

At length the Queen went away to finish her toilet, and talk to the Duchess of Kent, and 
then fallowed the Council desoribed by Disraeli in the following words : — 

>' A ham of half-supressed conversation which would attempt to conceal the excitement 
which some of the greatest of them have since acknowledged, fills that brilliant assemblage ; 
that sea of plumes, and glittering stars, and gorgeous dresses. Hush ! the portal opens ; abe 
comes ; the silence is as deep as that of a noontide forest. Attended for a moment by ber 
Boyal mother, and the ladies of her court who bow and then retire, Viotoiia ascends hsr 
tbrune ; a girl, alone, and for the first time amid an assemblage of men. 

Becard of the Queen's State Vidt to Derby, 161 

^<In a sweet and thrilliiig Toice, and with a oompoeed mien, whioh indioates rather the 
absorbing sense of angnst duty than an absence of emotion, the Qneen announces her 
accession to the throne of her ancestors, and her humble hope that divine Providence will 
guard over the fulfilment of her lofty trust. 

*' The prelates and captains and chief men of her realm then advance to the throne, and, 
kneeling before her, pledge their troth, and take the sacred oaths of allegiance and 

'* Allegiance to one who rules over the land that the great Macedonian could not 
conquer ; and over a continent of which even Columbus never dreamed ; to the Queen of 
every sea, and of nations in every zone." 

On the following day the ceremony of Proclamation took place from St. James's 

Having taken up her residence at Backingham Palace, the Queen, in the month of July 
(on the 17th), went to prorogue Parliament. Her Majesty's part in the ceremony is tiius 
described by Fanny Eemble, the actress, who was present : *' The Queen was not handsome, 
but very pretty, and the singularity of her great position lent a sentimental and poetic charm 
to her youthful face and figure. The serene, serious sweetness of her candid brow and clear 
soft eyes gave dignity to the girlish countenance, while the want of height only added to the 
effect of extreme youth of the round but slender person and gracefally moulded hands and 
arms. The Queen's voice was exquisite, nor have I ever heard any spoken words more 
musical in their gentle distinctness than ' My Lords and Gentlemen,' which broke the breath- 
less silence of the illustrious assembly, whose gaze was riveted on that fair flower of Royalty. 
The enunciation was as perfect as the intonation was melodious, and I think it is impossible 
to hear a more excellent utterance than that of the Queen's English by the English 

Coronation day arrived, and at seventeen minutes past three on the morning of the 28th 
of June, 1888, a Boyal salute of 21 guns announced that the sun was opening the day of 
rejoicing. The whole populace was awakened and soon astir. At four o'clock the carriages 
blocked the streets, which were even so early almost impassable. At six o'clock the struggle 
for places to view the procession had begun. At a quarter-past ten the Queen entered her 
carriage on her way to the Abbey. She was attired in a Boyal robe of crimson velvet, furred 
with ermine, and wearing the collars of her Orders. A band of gold encircled her head, 
and her train was upheld by eight daughters of peers, all of them about Her Majesty's own 
age. Besides the personal attendants on the Queen, and the Boyal Princes and Princesses, a 
long array of gentlemen and pages followed, having their respective vocations in the 
ceremony. The Queen, ascending to the dus, passed on to the Chair of State, and, kneeling 
on the faldstool, offered her private devotions, and then, rising, took her seat ; the bishops 
standing on each side bearing the Bible, the chalice, and the patina ; the noblemen bearing 
the four swords, viz. : the pointed Sword of Temporal Justice, the pointed Sword of Spiritual 
Justice, the curtana, or Sword of Mercy, and the Sword of State, borne by Viscount 
Melbourne, who stood nearest Her Majesty. 


162 Record of the QvsevCs State Vidb to Derby. 

After her devotions, and upon the Qneen taking her seat, the organ pealed forth an 
anthem, the singing being rendered by the vicars choral and the choristers. At the conclu- 
sion of this the Archbishop demanded the *' Beoognition." This was done by his Orace 
repeating in a loud voice four times— to the east, north, south, and west — ^the following 
words : — " Sirs, I here present you unto Queen Victoria, the undoubted Queen of this Bealm ; 
wherefore all of you are come this day to do your homage ; are you willing to do the same ? " 
This completed. Her Majesty, who had been standing, resumed her seat. The Bible, the 
chalice for the wine, and the golden patina for the bread, were placed by the Bishops on the 
altar, and they then retired to their seats. Two officers of the Wardrobe then spread a rich 
doth of gold on the steps of the altar for Her Majesty to kneel upon. The Archbishop of 
Canterbury proceeded to the altar, put on his cope^ and stood on the north side. The two 
bishops who were to read the liturgy, with the Dean of Westminster and the noblemen 
carrying the swords, and others bearing the regalia, consisting of St. Edward's Staff, the 
Golden Spurs, the Sceptre, with the Gross, the Orb, and St. Edward's Grown, going before the 
Queen to the altar. Her Majesty then kneeling, made her '* first offering " of an altar cloth 
of gold, and an ingot of gold weighing one pound, while a prayer was said by the Archbishop. 
The regalia was delivered to be laid on the altar, the swords were retained by their bearers, 
and the Queen returned to the Chair of State. 

The Service of the Church was then gone through, and was followed by Her Majesty 
being conducted to the altar, where the Coronation Oath was taken. 

The crowning followed. The Dean of Westminster carrying the Crown, the Archbishop 
of Canterbury placed it on Her Majesty's head, the Abbey resounding with shouts of '* Ood 
Save the Queen.*' 

The old Crown used by George IV. and William IV. weighed seven pounds, and was too 
large for the Queen's head ; so another had been made of less than half the weight — a cap of 
blue velvet with hoops of silver, brilliant with diamonds, pearls, rubies, sapphires, and 
emeralds. Above it rose a ball covered with small diamonds, surmounted by a Maltese cross 
of brilliants, with a splendid sapphire in the centre. In front of the crown was another 
Maltese cross bearing the enormous heart-shaped ruby once worn by Edward the Black 
Prince. The precious stones in the diadem of all sizes numbered 2,166, and were worth 
nearly £118,000. The famous Eoh-i-Noor had not yet been obtained. 

« The Enthronization " next took place, the Queen being lifted into the Throne, all the 
great officers of the State and noblemen bearing their swords, surrounding her. The 
exhortation, '< Stand firm and hold fast," was pronounced by the Archbishop. 

The tenderest scene of all this gorgeous ceremony was " The Homage," inasmuch as the 
Dukes of Sussex and Cambridge, the Queen's uncles, to whom she had ever looked with 
reverence for their age, ascended the steps of the throne, knelt before her, and placed their 
coronets at her feet. 

There was merrymaking all over Great Britain, and amongst English residents all over 
the world. 

The Queen's first Drawing Boom has been described as a scene like fairyland. All the 

lUcord of the Queen's State VieU to Derby. 168 

yoathfnl beauty of the United Kingdom, entitled to the honour of a reception, assembled 
there, and the Duchess of Sent stood by the side of her young daughter during the whole 

" Poor little Queen," said Oarlyle with rugged kindliness, " she is at an age at which a 
girl can hardly be trusted to choose a new bonnet for herself, yet a task is laid upon her from 
which an archangel might shrink." 

The rapid passage of time brings us nearer that important epoch in the life of the 
Queen — her marriage with Prince Albert. 

The marriage of Her Majesty with His Boyal Highness Prince Albert was performed 
with adequate and befitting ceremony on Monday, the 10th of February, 1840, in the Ohapel 
Boyal, St. James*s Palace. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury ofiBciated, and the Bishop of London made the responses. 
At the moment the Prince placed the ring on his wife's finger the cannon fired the royal 
salute, which was answered by the Tower artillery, and all the bells in the good cities of 
London and Westminster simultaneously rang out a joyous peal of gratulation. The service 
over, the Duke of Sussex kissed her Majesty on the cheek, and the Queen stepping across to 
the other side of the altar, similarly sainted the Queen Dowager. The attestation of the 
marriage was signed first by the Duke of Sussex, and afterwards thirty other signatures were 
appended. On returning to Buckingham Palace the Boyal pair were enthusiastically cheered, 
as they were likewise en route to Windsor, where they drove after the wedding breakfast. 

Lady readers will be especially interested to know that her Majesty's wedding dress was 
of white satin, with a very deep trimming of Honiton lace. The body and sleeves were richly 
trimmed with the same material. The train, also, was of white satin, lined with the same 
material, and was trimmed with orange blossoms. On her head she wore a wreath of orange 
blossoms, and a veil of Honiton lace, with a necklace and earrings of diamonds. The cost of 
the lace alone on the Queen's dress was £1,000, and the satin, which was pure white, was 
manufactured in Spitalfields. Her Majesty wore an armlet, having the motto of the Garter 
Honi soU qtd mal y pense inscribed upon it. She also wore the Star of the Order. The 
lace of the bridal dress, though popularly called Honiton lace, was really worked at the 
village of Beer, which is situated near the sea coast, about ten miles from Honiton. 

The year 1840 was remarkable for a trio of events of considerable importance in the 
Boyal Ufe, viz., the first attempt to shoot the Queen, the attainment by Prince Albert of his 
majority, and the birth of the Princess Boyal. 

About six o'clock in the evening of Wednesday, the 10th of June, the Queen and Prince 
Albert left Buckingham Palace by the garden gate, opening from Constitution Hill, for a drive. 
After the carriage had proceeded a short distance up Constitution Hill, so as to be quite clear 
of the crowd, a young man, on the park side of the road, presented a pistol and fired it 
directly at the Queen. He then set himself back again, drew a second pistol with his left 
hand from his right breast, presented it across the one he had already fired, which he had in 
his right hand, and fired again, taking very deliberate aim. The would-be assassin was 
seized. He was quite calm and collected, and at the police station gave the name of Edward 


164 Eecord of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 

Oxford. He was a pot-boy, aged 17, and at his lodgings were found the mles of a secret 
society, styled *' Young England," prescribing among other things that every member should, 
when ordered to meet, be armed with pistols and a sword, and a black crape cap to coyer his 
fflice. Her Majesty was much alarmed, but rising to show that she was unhurt, ordered the 
postillions to drive to her mother's house, the Duchess of Kent, who had taken up her abode 
at Ingestre House. For several days popular enthusiasm knew no bounds ; their Royal 
Highnesses were accompanied in their drives by a voluntary bodyguard of hundreds of ladies 
and gentlemen on horseback, whilst sympathising crowds cheered enthusiastically. Oxford 
was confined as a lunatic during Her Majesty's pleasure ; but we have heard of him so 
recently as 1882, when the following paragraph appeared in Vanity Fair : ** The young man 
Oxford, who shot at the Queen in 1840, and who was found insane and lodged in Bedlam, and 
then in Dartmoor, is now earning his living as a house-painter in Australia. Oxford, who 
was never insane at all, always declared that there was no bullet in the pistol he fired — and 
certainly none was ever found — and explained his act as having been prompted by sheer 
vanity and desire for notoriety. He was released a few years ago on condition that be would 
go to the Antipodes." 

On Tuesday, the 9th of November, 1841, the Queen gave birth to the Prince of Wales. 
So unbounded was the joy at the Palace at the birth of a prince, that the ceremonious 
officials got into a state of extraordinary confusion. 

The christening of the Prince, which took place on the 26th of January, 1842, and at 
which the King of Prussia stood sponsor, and the subsequent celebrations, festivities, etc., are 
stated to have cost £200,000. 

We may appropriately here give the further issue of Her Majesty and Prince 
Albert :— H.B.H. Alice Maud Mary, bom 26th of April, 1848 ; H.B.H. Alfred Ernest 
Albert, Duke of Edinburgh, born 6th August, 1844 ; H.B.H. Helena Augusta Victoria, 
bom 25th May, 1846; H.B.H. Louise Caroline Alberta, bom 18th March, 1848; H.B.H. 
Arthur Patrick William Albert, Duke of Connaught, bom 1st of May, 1860; H.B.H. 
Leopold Oeorge Duncan Albert, Duke of Albany, bom 7th of April, 1868 ; and 
H.B.H. Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore, bom 14th April, 1867. 

A second attempt to shoot Her Majesty was made on Monday, the 80th of May, 
1842, by a man named John Francis, who was tried on the 17th of June, and sentenced 
to death. On hearing the sentence, he fell insensible into the arms of one of the turn- 
keys, and in that state was carried out of court. Scarcely had Her Majesty exercised 
her clemency towards Francis, and commuted the sentence, on the 2nd of July, to 
transportation for life to Tasmania, when another attempt was made upon her person. 
The very day after, on the 8rd of July, a deformed youth, named John William Bean, 
levelled a pistol at the Queen as she going from Buckingham Palace to the Chapel Boyal, 
St. James*. Fortunately, although the weapon was loaded, it did not go off. Bean was 
sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment in Newgate. Li this connection, we may 
mention that on the 12th of July a bill was introduced by Sir Bobert Peel, and became 
law the following Saturday, making attempts on the Queen's life punishable as high 

Becord of the' Queen's State Vidt to Derby. 165 

misdemeanours, by transportation for seven years, or imprisonment with or without hard 
labour for a period not exceeding three years, the culprit '<to be publicly or privately 
whipped, as often and in such manner and form as the court shall direct, not exceeding 

In the year 1861, the Exhibition was the event in England, and Prince Albert had 
the infinite satisfaction of seeing his most sanguine anticipations far exceeded. The Queen 
speaks of it as a complete and " beautiful triumph," and one *' which I shall ever be 
proud of for my beloved Albert and my country." 

In 1860 the Queen experienced the most acute sorrow of her life up to that time by 
the death of her mother, the Duchess of Kent, wbich occurred at Frogmore, in the 
presence of Her Majesty, Prince Albert, and the Princess Alice. Her Majesty, however, 
was destined to suffer the most terrible trial of all ere the following year expired. The 
Prince, never very strong, began to experience a frequency of gastric attacks and fits of 
sleeplessness. He nevertheless worked with his customary energy, and endeavoured to 
master his bodily feelings, as had been his wont, by sheer force of will. The last 
time he appeared in public, however, was on the 28th November, and on the Sunday 
following he] went to church, though looking very ill. After that evening he did not 
join the family. The Queen and Princess Alice day after day read to him in his 
room. By the 12th of December the physicians felt actual alarm, and though on 
the night before the 13th there was a slight rally, it was thought expedient to send 
for the Prince of Wales from College. Death rapidly advanced upon the sinking 
frame, and the Prince died peacefully just before eleven o'clock, his last words to his now 
broken-hearted widow having been, " Outes fraulein ! " ** Good little wife." 

The Prince was buried as quietly as possible at Windsor, and on the 17th of March, 1862, 
the Queen laid the first stone of a mausoleum, where by the end of the year the remains 
were transferred. Her Majesty and family always observe the anniversary of Prince Albert's 

Her motherly heart was full of joy when she discovered that the Prince of Wales had 
formed an attachment with the loved and lovely Princess Alexandra of Denmark. The 
excitement aroused in the country was intense, and the general gratification extreme. 
March 10th, 1868, was the date fixed for the nuptials, and the Princess arrived at Gravesend 
three days previously, being welcomed with unparalleled enthusiasm. 

On March 10th, 1868, Her Majesty was present at the marriage of the Prince of Wales 
to the beautiful Princess, which took place in St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Amid the 
strains of inspiriting music the pageant with waving plumes and flaming jewels presented a 
magnificent spectacle. 

The Queen has taken an equally loving interest in all the other marriages connected 
with her family ; and the last child of the Queen, Princess Beatrice, was united about six 
years ago to Prince Henry of Battenberg. 

Her Majesty's years of widowhood, so fieur as the inner and private life of the Boyal 
circles is concerned, have been quiet and peaceful. The domestic tranquillity of the 

Becord of tkt Quem'i StaU Vint to Derby. 

hoQBehold has been occaBion&lly intruded upon by those tronblee irhioh come to every family, 
and which have been met by the Queen with patience and fortitude. The illness of the Prince 
of Wales was perhaps the most vital period of suffering endured by the whole Boyal Family, 
as well as by the nation at large, although the deaths of the PrincesB Alice and the Duke 
of Albany spread a deep gloom over the whole country. 

It is pleasing, however, to turn aside from these darker piotures to that feature of Her 
Uajes^'B life whidi has given her a nobler ofGoe upon earth 

" TIuD unu, or powar of brain, of blrtfa, 
Could give ths murior kings ol old." 

We refer to the earnest interest she has always taken in the welbre of her subjects. 

During the last few years Her Majesty has emerged somewhat from the voluntary retire- 
ment wbioh was most in harmony with her life's sorrow ; and occasionally, very occasionally, 
takes part in public demonstrations. No wonder, then, that Derby feels proud to have been 
the recipient of so rare an honour as a State visit from Her Majesty. 


niLTnOUGH poBBessmg a somewhat ambitious beadiog, thia article 
tlo€? not profess to record the numerous TisitB made to Derbyabire 
by jiast mouacbs. It simply glances at the times when this 
county and its ancient metropolis have been honoured with the 
piesoace of our own beloved Queen, and the members of her 
illualrious family. Otherwiee this sketch would occupy a greater 
space than is desirable at the present moment, when our minds 
ore filled with intense enthusiasm and devoted loyalty to Qaoen 
Victoria, who has just condescended to pay us a state visit, and given as another proof of her 
sincere sympathy with the numerous charitable and philanthropic institutions which happily 
abound in this highly -favoured country. We may, however, pause for a moment to briefly 
recapitulate the names of some of the loya! visitors who have entered the county town. Alfred 
the Great doubtless came here, inasmuch as his daughter Ethelfreda drove the Danes from it, 
and re-eetablished the Saxon authority. Eing John, whose character and memory are held up 
to scorn by historians, visited it, and gave the bm^esses a charter conferring upon them 
various privUeges. A warlike visit was made by Heniy UI. (accompanied by Prince Edward) ; 
and Edward II., with his army, stayed at Derby before the battle of Boroughbridge. James I. 
was the next English monarch who visited Derby, although hia nnfortuuate mother, Mary 
Queen of Scots, had previously remained one night at Babington House, when being removed 
from Wingfield Manor to the now rained and dismantled castle at Tntbury. Charles I, was 
at Derby repeatedly. First as Prince of Wales, when he accompanied his father. Again in 
I6S5, when, in returning to Yorkshire, he was entertained by the corporation, and slept in 
the town ; and a third time in 1642, when he marched at the head of his army to Nottingham. 
A visit of equal national importance was made to Derby in December, 1746. This was 
the arrival of Charles Edward Btoart, the " Young Pretender," who, although not a member 
of the reigning dynasty, still had royal blood flowing in his veins, and whose objeot was to 
regain the throne of bis nnfortonate anoeEftora. The " Young Pretender," at the head of hia 
Scottish adherents, entered Derby by way of Friar Gate, having travelled &om the north 
through Ashbourne. The Prince, as his followers called him, took up his quarters for the 
night at Lord Exeter's house. This historic manuon formerly stood in Fall Street, but was 
pulled down upwards of 25 years ago, to the great disappointment of antiquarians, and its 
dte now forms an undghtly street. Next morning the army proceeded od their journey 

Reeord of tht Qwn^t State Vuk to Derht/. 

southward. The; only went a few miles, however, and on reaching Swarkeatone Bridge, a 
council of war was held, at which it was determined to retire northward. /Thns commenced 
a retreat which ended moat disastrously for all engaged in the expedition. The Yonng 
Pretender, after many marvellons adventarea and hairbreadth eacapea,- found himself an 
exile, and the hopes and aapirations of the unfortunate and ill-&ted Btnart dynasty, so ^ as 

H» Oucx Thx Ddu o> DivoHsmsE, K.6. 

the English throne was ooncemed, became for ever blighted and destroyed. Many a long 
year passed away before Derby again entertained royalty, and it waa reserved for Queen 
Victoria to be the first reigning sovereign who had entered it in State for upwards of two 
hundred years. She had, however, visited it on previous occasions, and it is to titese visits, 
as well as those of her illustrious eldest son, that we will now direct attention. 

Record of ths Queen's State Visit to Derby. 169 


It is nearly sixty years since the Queen first honoured our picturesque and beautiful 
county with her presence. She was then the Princess Victoria. A writer of the time 
describing her personal appearance says — "The young Princess is an interesting and 
intelligent looking child; the upper features especially are particularly good, and bear a 
strong resemblance to the late Princess Charlotte and some other members of her Ulustrious 
dynasty." The Princess, accompanied by her mother, the late Duchess of Kent, had been 
making a tour of North Wales. On their return they visited the ancient and interesting city 
of Chester, with its remarkable " rows " and wall and numerous antiquities. From Chester 
their Royal Highnesses travelled by road to Macclesfield and Buxton, which was full of 
&8hionable visitors. They did not stay at Buxton, but drove direct to Chatsworth, where 
they were magnificently entertained by the then ducal owner. The new and magnificent 
dining room of this mansion was opened for the occasion, and in the evening a large and 
distinguished party had the honour of dining with the Duke of Devonshire's Royal Guests. 
Various points of interest were visited during their stay. These included Haddon Hall, 
Hardwick Hall, and the various scenes of romantic and picturesque beauty abounding in the 
Peak. A memorable and gratifying incident connected with their Royal Highnesses stay in 
Derbyshire was their inspection of the extensive cotton manufactory of the Messrs. Strutt, at 
Belper. The route taken was by Matlock, where extensive preparations were made to ensure 
a hearty reception for the Royal party. A number of large trees were removed from the 
Heights of Abraham, and placed on each side of the road. From these trees were suspended 
wreaths and garlands of evergreens and flowers of the most tasteful variety. Flags and 
banners floated from the precipitous High Tor, the church and the houses ; while bands of 
music paraded the streets. Accompanying the Royal party were the Duke of Devonshire, 
Lord and Lady Cavendish, Miss Cavendish, Lord Waterpark, and other distinguished persons. 
The duke's state carriage was drawn by six horses with outriders in rich liveries, and there 
were four other carriages, each drawn by four horses. The Duchess of Kent, the Princess 
Victoria, Lady Blanche Cavendish, and the Duke of Devonshire occupied the state carriage. 
As the distinguished visitors entered Matlock, a general cheer burst from the assembled 
throng, mingled with the pleasing cry of *' Welcome " from numberless voices. The Royal 
party did not stop at Matlock, but passed slowly through it, preceded by a band of music. 
Their progress through the villages lying between Matlock and their inunediate destination 
produced many loyal demonstrations, and not a little surprise, amongst the rural population. 
At Belper, the party and the retinue received a real Derbyshire welcome. An esteemed corres- 
pondent of the BerbyMre Advertiser recently gave a graphic description of what occurred 
when the Duchess and Princess visited Messrs. Strutt's Mills. He said : " The girls of the mills 
were all arrayed in white aprons, and placed in tiers on raised platforms, between which the 
Princess passed. The effect was very striking, and the youthful future Queen was highly amused 
and delighted as she passed between the girls. The illustrious visitors were deeply interested in 
all the various processes of cotton spinning as developed by Messrs. Strutt, and it was 
o£Boially placed on record that ' with the sight of these mills the Duchess and Princess were 
highly gratified.' The date of Her Majesty's visit is observed as a red letter day by the firm 

Becord of ths Queen's StaU Virit to Derby. 171 

at the present time. After going over the mills, the party honoured Mr. and Mrs. George 
Benson Strntt by partaking of luncheon at Bridge Hill." The same correspondent mentioned 
other interesting incidents relating to Her Majesty. He said that her visit to Derbyshire in 
1882 *' was no doubt recently brought to the Boyal recollection by a Belper lady, much 
honoured and loved amongst Belper people for her kindness of heart and generosity, who 
begged Her Majesty's acceptance of several unique specimens of picture frames, made by 
Mr. John Hibbert, of Belper, from the maoram6 cord, so largely produced by Messrs. W. G. 
and J. Btrutt. Her Majesty, in graciously accepting these now fiftshionable frames, asked to 
be favoured with other specimens, and it is more than probable that in viewing Messrs. Strutt's 
mannfiftctnres her memory recalled the girlish visit to ' Good old Belper,' and these celebrated 
mills.'* He further says: — *'Her Majesty is a close observer, and she may have noticed 
another little incident on her second visit to Derbyshire. Mr. Jedediah Strutt was then 
High Sheriff of the County, and in that capacity he received Her Majesty. In bis haste and 
loyalty, however, he ran with the carriage across from the station to the hotel, much to the 
amusement and satisfaction of the hnge crowds assembled." On returning to Ghatsworth in 
the evening, the Duchess and Princess stayed at several of the spar shops at Matlock, where 
they purchased specimens of the remarkable geological formation of the district. They also 
inspected Mr. Pearson's petrifying well, after which they drove forward to Ghatsworth. 
Before leaving, however, the Duchess and Princess expressed themselves highly delighted 
with the welcome accorded to them, and also with the scenic beauty of Matlock. A few days 
later their exceedingly enjoyable visit to Ghatsworth terminated. They then started for 
Shugborough, the seat of the Earl of Lichfield, being escorted as £u as Ashbourne by the 
Wirksworth troop of Yeomanry Gavalry, under the command of Captain Goodwin. The 
inhabitants of the little Peak town provided for the Duchess and their future Queen a right 
loyal reception. The civil authorities were in attendance, the streets were profusely decorated, 
and the visitors were received amid the ringing of the fine old church bells and the enthu- 
siastic acclamations of the people. It was, indeed, a *' red letter " day in the old town. 
From Ashbourne the Duchess and Princess drove to Alton Towers, the charming and 
beautiful seat of the Earl of Shrewsbury, where they were magnificently entertained. From 
Alton the royal party proceeded through Uttoxeter, being escorted thither by a troop of the 
Staffordshire Yeomanry Cavalry, under the command of the Hon. George John Vernon. 
Lichfield and Shugborough were subsequently visited, and the royal party, at the termination 
of a most pleasant and memorable tour, proceeded to the seat of the Earl of Liverpool, in 

Her Majesty's second visit to Derbyshire was paid towards the close of the year 1848. It 
was a most auspicious and memorable event in the county annals, deeply interesting to the 
Queen and her beloved Consort, who accompanied her, and was the cause of much loyal 
enthusiasm amongst her devoted subjects. The Queen and Prince Albert, her husband, were 
making a tour through the midlands. Towards the end of November they were the guests of 
Sir Bobert Peel at Drayton Manor, the illustrious statesman's beautiful seat near Tamworth. 

172 Eecard of the' Qusen'$ State Visit to Derby. 

From thenoe the royal pair jonmeyed into Derbyshire, Her Majesty and her husband haTiog 
graciously accepted the invitation of the late Duke of Devonshire to become his guests at 
Chatsworth, the palace of the Peak. The royal train left Tamworth on the morning of 
December 1st, 1848, amidst the plaudits of the inhabitants of that district of Staffordshire. 
The distinguished party travelled by what is now known as the Midland Railway, the train 
being in charge of Mr. Matthew Eirtley, an official of the company long since passed away, 
but whose memory is still honoured and respected by the older citizens of Derby and the 
neighbourhood. The distance between Tamworth and Bnrton-on-Trent, thirteen miles, was 
accomplished in the same number of minutes. Burton station was decorated in honour of 
the distinguished travellers, and both at that town and Willington the Queen received many 
loyal demonstrations of affection. The inhabitants of Derby were not to be honoured with a 
prolonged stay from the Queen, but they nevertheless accorded to Her Majesty a sincerely 
warm and fervent welcome. About two thousand persons assembled inside the station, to 
which they had been admitted by ticket^ and the Queen was received with the greatest 
enthusiasm on her arrival. No stoppage was made further than to allow time for a change 
of carriages. When Her Majesty was received on the platform, the staff of the militia, the 
recruiting parties, and pensioners, who were under the command of Captains Dixon and 
Jones, presented arms. Twenty rounds of ammunition were fired from the cannon located at 
the county gaol, under the direction of Mr. Sims (the governor). The church bells rang out 
merrily, and there was great rejoicing at even this brief visit to the town of the reigning 
Sovereign. The engine which drew Her Majesty's train from Derby was decorated, and upon 
it was fixed a beautiful flag, lent for the occasion by John Stevenson, Esq., railway contractor, 
of Derby. The Queen only remained at the station about ten minutes. Both she and Prince 
Albert are described as looking remarkably well. It may interest our lady readers to know 
that Her Majesty wore a black satin dress, and a bonnet of the same colour, but we regret to 
be unable to furnish a description of the fashion in which those important articles of attire 
were made. The royal train departed northward, amidst the enthusiastic cheers of the 
assembled multitude at the station, there being similar demonstrations from the spectators on 
the bridge over the river Derwent, and on each side of the railway outside the town. 
Directly after the termination of this brief Boyal visit to our ancient borough, the 
Duke of Wellington — the hero of the Peninsular War — arrived by the ordinary train 
from London. He was on his way to attend the Boyal party at Chatsworth, and it became 
necessary, owing to the traffic arrangements in operation, for him to alight and wait at the 
station. During the interval which intervened before he resumed his journey, the Duke 
inspected the station and the numerous objects of interest it contained, besides entering into 
conversation with Mr. Douglas Fox, a former prominent citizen of Derby, and other gentle- 
men. The Queen travelled from Derby to Chesterfield by railway, and thence to Chatsworth 
by road. In the town of the crooked steeple the preparations for Her Majesty's visit were 
upon a most extensive scale. The streets presented a perfect blaze of decoration and 
embellishment. Triumphal arches were erected along the line of the Boyal procession at 
the public. expense, and four other arches were erected by gentlemen at their own private 

Record of the Queef^s State Visit to Derby. 178 

cost. Flags, garlancls, and emblematio devices were exhibited, and it is stated that the town 
was made to assume an appearance of gaiety and jubilee such as had not been witnessed 
within the memory of the oldest inhabitants. All business was suspended. From the early 
morning bands of music paraded the streets, and conveyances of every conceivable kind, full 
of passengers, poured into the town. Three troops of the Derbyshire Yeomanry Cavalry were 
present. The Derby and Ohaddesden troop were under the command of Captain Story ; the 
Badboume troop was commanded by Lieutenant Hurt ; and the Bepton and Gresley men 
were under the orders of Captain Colvile, M.P. These troops were drawn up in double lines 
along the road which the Boyal carriage had to take, and assisted in preserving order during 
the day. Chesterfield Bailway Station presented a charming and graceful scene. The 
platform was covered with elegant carpet, and ornamented with plants, trees, and shrubs 
from the conservatory of Lord Scarsdale, of Eedleston Hall. On the walls were suspended 
stags' heads, in allusion to the Devonshire coat of arms, as well as banners, on which were 
represented the arms of Lord Vernon, Lord Scarsdale, Sir George Sitwell, and other county 
magnates. When the Boyal train drew up to the platform, the Queen was received by the 
Duke of Devonshire and other notabilities. Leaning on the arm of his Grace she was 
conducted to a reception room, followed by Prince Albert and the members of her suite. 
During the brief retirement of the Queen and her consort, an Address from the Chesterfield 
Corporation, and three others from different pubhc bodies, were presented by the mayor (Mr. 
Thomas Clarke) to the Earl of Jersey (Master of the Horse) for Her Majesty's acceptance. 
After the presentation of the Addresses, the Queen re-appeared, again leaning on the arm of 
the Duke, and entered the splendid State carriage provided for her accommodation by her 
honoured host, after which they drove through the town streets, which were lined with 
spectators. At night there were brilliant illuminations at Chesterfield, and a public dinner, 
in celebration of the visit. The Boyal party were escorted through the town and along the 
road to Chatsworth by detachments of the Derbyshire Yeomanry Cavalry. The arrival at 
Chatsworth was distinguished by the firing of a royal salute from guns posted at the foot of 
the Flag Tower. Her Majesty was received by the Duke and Lady Louisa Cavendish, 
and escorted to his Grace's private apartments in the west front of Chatsworth 
House, which were appropriated exclusively to Her Majesty's use during her stay 
at this magnificent Derbyshire seat. During the day Her Majesty went to the south of 
the Italian gardens, where a scene of deep interest, of which she was a principal enactor, was 
witnessed in her more youthful days. Eleven years before, she and the Duchess of Kent each 
planted a tree, which was in a flourishing condition then, although shorn of the foliage by the 
winds of the preceding autumn. Prince Albert accompanied Her Majesty to this memorable 
spot, and having selected a sycamore from a number of other trees, planted it, as a writer of 
the time tells us '' with the tact of a practised aborioulturist." The arrangements for the 
Queen's entertainment had been made upon a scale of great splendour and magnificence. On 
the evening after her arrival she and the Prince dined with a large and distinguished 
company, many of the guests being members of prominent county fiftmilies. Next day, the 
Queen and her Consort visited Haddon, the finest old baronial hall in this or many adjacent 

174 Record of the Queen's State VieU to Derby. 

oonnties. The royal party passed through the whole range of rooms, and were deeply 
interested in this venerable mansion. The return joamey was made through Bakewell, 
where there were triumphal arches and decorations. The fine old peal of bells rang out 
merrily, and the royal party seemed much delighted with their reception. The progress was 
through Pilsley and Edensor. Soon after their return a deputation, consisting of the High 
Sheriff (William Mundy, Esq., of Markeaton), the Hon. and Bev. Alfired Gurzon, and the 
county members of Parliament, Lord George Gayendish, Mr. William Eyans, Mr. E. M. 
Mundy, and Mr. 0. B. Golvile, had the honour of an audience with Her Majesty and the 
Priuce, and presented them with an address firom the county meeting held at Derby in the 
previous week. In the evening the Queen and her husband, accompanied by the Dukes of 
Wellington and Devonshire, and other distinguished guests, visited the grand conservatory, 
which was brilliantly lighted with lamps, the scene being indescribably beautiful The dinner 
which followed was a brilliant gathering, and the dining room presented a gorgeous spectacle. 
The display of gold and silver plate was truly magnificent, and a flood of light from upwards 
of a hundred candles was poured on the dazzling scene. The evening concluded with a 
display of fireworks. The next day (Sunday) was one of quiet and repose. The Queen and 
the Prince attended the services in the noble duke's private chapel, where the Bev. B. 0. 
Wilmot, his grace's chaplain, had the honour of preaching before the Boyal party. The 
Queen and her suite terminated their enjoyable visit to Ghatsworth on Monday, December 
4th. They drove to Ghesterfield, where there was another enthusiastic reception, and then 
travelled by train to Derby, where between 80,000 and 40,000 persons assembled adjacent to 
the railway. The Midland station at Derby was partially decorated with evergreens ; flags 
floated from the Town Hall and other public buildings ; there were tasteful displays of 
flowers and bunting on private houses, and the church bells rang merrily. Unfortunately the 
police arrangements failed. There was consequently great confusion on the platform, and 
the presentation of Addresses from the Gorporation, signed by the Mayor (the late Mr. Aid. 
Barber), and from the clergy, did not proceed according to the usual form. The train only 
waited a few minutes, and then departed in the direction of Nottingham. 

Derby was honoured with the presence of the Queen and Boyal Family in October, 1849. 
On their return from Balmoral they broke their journey here, and stayed for the night at the 
Midland Hotel. The Boyal party consisted of the Queen, Prince Albert, the Prince of Wales, 
Prince Alfred, the Princess Boyal, and Princess Alice, with the members of their suite. The 
station was splendidly decorated, and a triumphal arch was erected immediately over the spot 
where the Boyal party alighted. The Queen was received by the High Sheriff of the county 
(the late Mr. Jedediah Strutt), and the Mayor of Derby (the late Mr. Bobt. Forman). The 
High Sheriff and the Mayor escorted the Queen and her husband to the SherifTs carriage, 
which was in waiting at the entrance, and on their appearance in front of the station the 
Boyal party were received by the multitude with deafening cheers, which were renewed again 
and again as the royal party proceeded to the Hotel. Before the departure from the station, 
the Mayor and Gorporation were received by Her Majesty, to whom a loyal Address, with a 

Record of the Queen^s State Vint to Derby. 176 

beaatifdlly illnminated border with the rose, thistle, and shamrook entwining the borongh 
and Boyal arms, was presented by the Mayor. An address &om the clergy (a large number 
of whom attended in their gowns) was also presented by the Bev. E. H. Abney, rural dean of 
Derby. Her Majesty graciously acknowledged these manifestations of loyalty. The whole 
suite of apartments on the principal floor of the hotel were appropriated to the use of the 
Queen, all being elegantly decorated, and superbly furnished. Various buildings in the town 
were illuminated, and at night the public were admitted to a grand display of fireworks at 
Abbot's Hill, the residence of the Mayor. The Boyal party did not enter the borough on this 
occasion. The rain poured down in torrents on the following morning, but it did not cool 
the ardent loyalty of the inhabitants of Derby, who as early as seven o'clock might be seen — 
some in carriages, and others walking — proceeding in the direction of the station. After 
breakfast, the Hon. G. H. Oavendisb, M.P. (Deputy-Lieutenant of the county), and the Mayor 
were presented to Her Majesty and the Prince by Sir Oeo. Grey, Bart. Her Majesty informed 
both the High Sherifif and the Mayor that she was highly gratified with the reception given 
to her by the loyal people of Derby, and also with the arrangements for her reception and 
accommodation. She afterwards appeared at the drawing-room window and reviewed the 
Derby and Ohaddesden troop of Yeomanry, who had taken a part of the military duty, and 
she expressed, through the Earl of Gathcart, her approbation of the corps and the loyal 
devotion they had manifested by rendering a voluntary attendance on that occasion. 



The Queen visited Derby again in September, 1852. She was then on her way to 
Scotland. When it became known that she had graciously decided to spend the night here, 
the directors of the Midland Bailway Company made arrangements for her suitable reception 
at the station. Galleries, capable of accommodating several hundred persons, were erected 
on the platform, admission to which was by tickets judiciously distributed by the directors. 
Bich carpets were placed on the platform for the Boyal party to walk upon, and elaborate 
arrangements for the decorations and illuminations were carried out under the direction of 
Josiah Lewis, Esq., resident director. Very complete arrangements were also made by the 
town authorities. Two companies of the 77th Begiment of Foot acted as a guard of honour. 
In addition to these a troop of the 8th Hussars, the Derby and Ohaddesden troop of 
Yeomanry, under Captain Wilmot ; the Badbourne troop under Captain Chandos Pole ; the 
enrolled pensioners, under the command of Captain Jones, and the militia staff, under the 
direction of Captain Dixon, were in attendance. The band of the 77th Begiment was also 
present, and played a choice selection of music. The Boyal party travelled firom Birmingham, 
reaching Derby shortly after six in the evening, the arrival being announced by the church 
bells. The Duke of Devonshire was in attendance. The High Sheriff of the County 
(Sir Henry S. Wilmot, Bart.) was represented by W. Mundy, Esq., M.P. ; and the Mayor of 
Derby (the late Mr. Alderman Dunnicliffe), the Becorder (the late J. Balguy, Esq.), and the 
Corporation of Derby, with their officers, were grouped in a centraf position. When the 
Boyal train had stopped, the Mayor was presented to the Queen by the Earl of Malmesbury, 
and he then requested her gracious acceptance of an Address from the inhabitants. The 

176 Beeard of the Queen's State Vidt to Derby. 

Address, which was beantifally written on vellnm, and surronnded by an illuminated border, 
was a model of brevity. It nevertheless eloquently conveyed to the Queen the continued 
loyal devotion of Derby to Her Majesty's person and throne, as well as a prayer for the 
blessing of God on the Queen, for the health and happiness of the Prince Consort and the 
Boyal children, and for the long continuance in peace and prosperity of Her Majesty's reign. 
Her Majesty received the Address very graciously, bowing repeatedly to the Mayor. On alight- 
ing from their carriage the Boyal party were met by the Duke of Devonshire, the Earl of Bur- 
lington, the Hon. John Cavendish, General Arbuthnot, and other gentlemen. As the Boyal 
pair proceeded from the train to the High SherifPs carriage at the entrance hall, they and their 
illustrious children were enthusiastically cheered. On emerging into the streets the band played 
the National Anthem, and the populace, who had assembled in thousands, rent the air with 
their plaudits. The Boyal party again condescended to honour the Midland Hotel with their 
presence and patronage. They were accordingly escorted there, and on alighting were loudly 
cheered by the populace. The hotel, which was, as on the former occasion, tenanted by 
Mr. Cuff, had been specially decorated for the reception of the Boyal family. The corridors 
and lobbies were tastefully decorated with choice exotic flowers. The dining room was laid 
out with great elegance, and the table and sideboard exhibited a gorgeous display of beautiful 
silver plate. The chief ornament on the sideboard consisted of a magnificent flower stand 
and candelabrum. There was an elegant candelabrum at each end of the dinner table, the 
centre of which was occupied by a superb epergne, raised on a pedestal of burnished silver ; 
and between each of the candelabra stood an elegant flower stand, all of these being sur- 
mounted by bouquets of rare beauty. The drawing-room presented a well-arranged profusion 
of splendid furniture, in rosewood, papier mach6, and silver. The chairs, couches, and music 
stool were done up in amber-coloured damask satin, the carpet and hearth rug displayed a rich 
and beautiful arrangement of colours, and the table, with its massive yet chaste cover of 
crimson, edged by a floral design in gold, harmonised admirably with the rest of the display. 
On the centre table in this apartment were placed a magnificent silver candelabrum, 
surrounded by an elegant array of fancy books, prints, etc. Her Majesty had placed at her 
disposal a piano of new mechanism and design. The other Boyal apartments were furnished 
in a similar elegant and sumptuous manner. Shortly after the Boyal party had entered the 
hotel. Prince Albert, accompanied by the Earl of Malmesbury, appeared at one of the 
drawing-room windows, and was much applauded, a courtesy which he acknowledged by 
bowing repeatedly. 

Later on, Prince Albert commanded a vehicle to be prepared to convey him, the Prince 
of Wales, and Colonel Phipps to Messrs. Holmes' Carriage Manufactory, on the London 
Boad, where, to the surprise and gratification of the proprietors, they arrived about half-past 
six. The Boyal visitors were conducted through the dried timber store, and then through the 
various departments of the manufactory, and after examining the processes with care, entered 
the show rooms. Several of the finished carriages attracted the notice of the Prince Consort, 
who, with the Prince of Wales, entered such of them as by the novelty of their arrangement 
gave promise of unusual comfort aud convenience. The Prince remained in this manufeu^tory 

Record of the Qtieen's State Visit to Derby. 177 

more than an hour, and repeatedly expressed his satisfaotion in observing the order 
and neatness which pervaded it, remarking that it gratified him the more becanse his visit 
was an unexpected one. It was most interesting, we are told by the Derbyshire Advertiser^ to 
witness the untiring attention paid by the Prince of Wales to ever3rthing that came under his 
notice, to hear his intelligent enquiries, and to observe that he took with him some specimens 
of wood and iron worked in his presence by the machines. On their Boyal Highnesses 
leaving the premises they wdre enthusiastically cheered by the workpeople, who had formed 
in line on each side of the carriage way. In the evening the town was right loyally joyons. 
From tower and steeple the church bells sent forth their musical peals, many of the buildings 
were illuminated, and in numerous ways the population demonstrated their loyalty to the 
Queen and the throne of these realms. At nine o'clock the next morning the Boyal party 
left the hotel and proceeded to the station, where they were received with a similar display of 
enthusiasm as greeted them on their arrival on the preceding evening. Her Majesty and 
the Prince took leave of the Duke of Devonshire, and then the train departed for the north. 
The engine, it may be stated, was driven by Mr. Eirtley, superintendent of the Locomotive 
Department. Thus ended a series of short and unofficial visits, which Her Most Gracious 
Majesty the Queen paid to this town and county, visits long remembered and appreciated by 
their loyal and devoted inhabitants, whose attachment to Her Majesty and the Throne is as 
ardent and sincere to-day as it was at that distant and early period of her most 
benign reign. 



Twenty years passed away before Derbyshire had the proud satisSekction and distinguished 
honour of once more welcoming and receiving any Royal personage in her midst. It was on 
the 17th of December, 1872, that the Prince and Princess of Wales became the guests of 
His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, at Ghatsworth. They also paid an official visit to Derby, 
having graciously condescended to honour Derby School — one of the oldest foundations in 
the country — with their presence at the annual Speech Day. The event was one of unalloyed 
happiness and rejoicing. *' Never has there been such a day in Derby ; never, probably, were 
rejoicings so general and enthusiastic ; never, certainly, were the decorations and illuminations 
so elaborate, so costly, so universal ; never in our memory were the thoroughfares so crowded 
and impassable. Plags there, bunting here, arches yonder, bannerets everywhere ; the very 
eye became bewildered with beauty.*' Such was the graphic description of the scene 
presented in the streets on that auspicious and memorable occasion. The royal special train 
departed from London and entered Derby Station amidst loud applause. Mr. (now Sir 
James) Allport (General Manager of the Midland Railway Oompany at that time), the late 
Mr. Needham (Superintendent), and Mr. W. Eirtley accompanied the train. On the platform 
to receive the Royal visitors were the Duke of Devonshire, the Marquis of Hartington, M.P., 
the Hon. E. Ooke, Mr. Price, M.P. (chairman), Mr. Ellis (deputy-chairman of the Midland 
Gompany), the Mayor and Mayoress (now Sir John and Lady Smith), the Recorder (the late 
G. Boden, Esq., Q.O.), the Town Clerk (the late Mr. John Gadsby), and others. The Prince 


Xteord of the QuMtCs StaU Yidt to J)eH»/. 

and PrinoeHB shook h&nda with the party &om Chatsworth and with the Mayor. The 
MayoreBB preBented the FrinoeBB with a honqnet, oompoBed of the rarest and moat beantifdl 
flowers in cultivation, all of which were elegantly arranged. An address was next presented 
to their Boyat HighneseeB on behalf of the Litcbnioh Local Board, oi which the late 
iSr. Henry Fowkes was chairman, and Ur. W. Harvey Whiston, clerk. The Prince of Walee 
bung a Past Grand Haster of the English Freemasons, and the Harqnis of Hartington being 
Provincial Grand Master of Derbysbiie, it was determined by the Provincial Grand Lodge 
to ^esent a loyal address to their tUnstriouB brother. This ceremony was graoefiilly 
performed by Bro. H. G. Okeover, Deputy Provincial Grand Haster of Derbyshire, the 


(From a Aolo. by IF. W. Winter, Dtrbif.) 

addresft having been previoosly signed by himself and Bro. William Henry Morsden, P.G.S. 
A procesdon, consisting of the Mayor and Corporation and many notable personages, was 
formed at the station and, preceded by an advance gnard of the Fifth Dragoon Gnards, passed 
through the principal thoronghfares of the town to the Market Place, where the Mayor pre- 
sented to the Prince of Wales a magnificent album containing varions addresses to their 
Boyal Highnesses. A oircnltons rente was then taken to the Drill Hall, which presented a 
mo8t effective piotore of ornamentation. The School " speeches " had conalnded when the 
Boyal pair arrived at the hall, where they were enthnsiaatically welcomed by a large and 

Bswrd of ths Queen's State Vidt to Derby. 179 

diBting^ished assembly of ladies and gentlemen. A most interesting part of the memorable 
ceremony, nevertheless, remained incompleted. The saccessfol students received from the 
hands of the Prince the rewards of their year's industry and success in the pursuit of their 
work. An address in Latin was delivered by the Captain of the School (Hobsou, primus), who 
has since distinguished himself by becoming a Senior Wrangler and also a Deputy-Professor 
of his Universiiy. An ode, composed for the occasion by J. Harkness, a late captain of the 
School, and set to music by E. Tanning, Mendelssohn scholar of the Boyal Academy, was 
very effectively rendered by the choir, Mrs. Osborne Bateman singing the solo. A prize 
poem, '*The Visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales," was also read by the author, 
J. Harkness, and loudly cheered. Another interesting feature of these proceedings was the 
presentation by the Princess of Wales of two Queen's Prizes to Miss Turner and Mr. George 
Bailey, students of the Derby School of Art, a brief history of which Institution was narrated 
to their Boyal Highnesses by the late Lord Belper. 

The Boyal visitors subsequently attended the Infirmary, the needed re-construction of 
which has now been the means of securing the first State Visit of our beloved Queen to 
Derby. On alighting at the Infirmary the Prince and Princess were received by 
H. AUsopp, Esq. (afterwards Lord Hindlip), the president for the year, Mr. Bowland Smith, 
M.P., and other gentlemen. The Boyal Visitors were conducted up the staircase by the 
President and Miss Probyn (the late lady superintendent), and were accompanied by the 
Duke of Devonshire, Lady Frederick Cavendish, the Countess of Macclesfield, the High 


Sheriff, the Mayor and Mayoress, and others. In the Board Boom their Boyal Highnesses 
inscribed their names in the visitors' book — ** Albert Edward " and '* Alexandra," after which 
they were presented with an address, signed on behalf of the Weekly Board by the President, 
and Mr. Samuel Whitaker, the Secretary. The Prince and Princess were afterwards 
conducted through the new Nightingale wing — first through the men's ward, which the 
Prince, at the request of the Board, named the '* Albert Edward Ward," and afterwards 
through the women's ward, which was in like manner named by the Princess the *' Alexandra 
Ward," by which names these wards are still known. Their Boyal Highnesses made many 
kind and gracious enquiries respecting individual cases, manifesting very great interest in the 
sufferers, and taking special notice of the children whose bodily ailments confined them in 
the building. The Boyal Party were then escorted to the Midland Station, and left for 
Bowsley amidst a lively demonstration of enthusiasm*. In addition to the Fifth Dragoon 
Guards, military duty was undertaken by the First Derbyshire Bifle Volunteers, under the 
command of Colonel Sir Henry Wilmot, V.G., M.P., the field officers on duty being Major 
John Evans, Major Holmes, and Captain and Adjutant Balguy. The third battalion of 
Volunteers was commanded by Colonel Cavendish. Though the Boyal Party left the borough 
in the evening, the rejoicings did not terminate. TlTe town was brilliantly illuminated, and 
the festivities were continued throughout the night. With a princely liberality which had 
characterised the Mayor throughout these memorable proceedings, his Worship gave a 
banquet and ball. The banquet took place at the Boyal Hotel, where his Worship bad the 
pleasure of receiving 250 distinguished guests. The ball, by which the festivities at Derby 

Bteord of the Quern'* State FieU to Derby. 

were worthily and right loyally concluded, took place at the Drill Hall. About 800 ladies 
and gentlemen were present. The scene was most brilliant and effective, and the 
proceedings were condncted on that munificent scale whioh so worthily maintained the 
reputation of the Uayor. 

The village of Rowsley, and likewise the station, had been artistically decorated in honour 
of the royal visit. The Burroanding villages hod also caught the spirit of loyalty, and there 
were decorations in the villages and at the residences lying on the road between Bowsley and 
the^Palaoe of the Peak. Ghatsworth was safely reached under a guard of honour, consisting 

JSVom a Photo, by the) 

Habi>wick Hall, 

{London Slereoicopte Co 

of Volunteers, and the booming of the oannon and the tremendons cheers of the spectators 
terminated the eventful aud doubtless pleasant day s journey of the illnstriooa visitors. At 
Ohatsworth the preparations for the welcome and entertainment of the visitors were of a most 
elaborate and magnificent character. Tbiit evening a distinguished and select circle of guests, 
including, besides members of his Grace s family, the Dukea of Rutland and St. Albans, Earl 
Granville, and other members of the nobility, dined with their Boyal Highnesses. On the 
foUowing morning the Prince formed one of a shooting party of eight, including the Duke of 
Rutland, Lord Waterpark, Lord Berkeley Paget and Lord Hartiogton. The deep snow and 

Record of the Queen's State Visit to Derby. 181 

still deeper mud, made walking a real toil, but some capital shots were made, and the sport 
did not cease until darkness began to fall, and the air bad become humid. During her 
illustrious husband's absence, the Princess drove out in an open carriage, making a circuit of 
the grounds, and observing the numerous curious and interesting objects which displayed 
themselves to her view in the Duke's beautifully picturesque domains. In the evening a 
grand illumination of the building and a splendid display of fireworks was followed by a ball. 
The splendid suite of rooms, to which special decorative art had added its utmost charm to 
the permanent beauty of the apartments, were still further embellished by 'Uhe living 
pictures of the youthful, the fieur, the noble, and the dignified guests," and a writer of the 
time, altering Byron's well-known words, said — 

. . . iirjtj^g Peak's Palace halls had gathered then 
Their beauty and their ohivalry." 

The ball itself was a great success, and there are doubtless many who had the privilege 
of being present who still remember its joyousness and magnificence. Next day the Prince 
joined another shooting party, and the Princess spent her time in a less exciting fashion. 
Besides visiting the Conservatory, with the splendid surroundings of which she was delighted, 
she drove out in a pony carriage with Lady Louisa Egerton. Li the evening there was a 
dinner party, consisting of Lord and Lady George Cavendish, the High Sheriff of Derbyshire, 
Mr. (now Sir William) Evans, Colonel Cavendish, and some fifty guests. A private ball 
followed, at which the Prince and Princess and most of the guests were present. 

A visit to Derbyshire would be incomplete unless it comprehended the fine old baronial 
mansion of Haddon Hall, especially when the visitors are in the immediate vicinity of that 
mediaaval mansion, which is one of the special attractions of the Peak. Accordingly, on 
Friday, Dec. 20th, their Hoyal Highnesses proceeded thither, and were entertained by the 
noble owner (the late Duke of Butland). The ancient mansion, with its weird surroundings, 
produced a striking contrast iu comparison with the magnificence and palatial surroundings 
of Chatsworth. And the contrast was designed to become even more marked, inasmuch as 
the entertainment was arranged to represent, as far as possible, the habits of three hundred 
years ago, when Dorothy Vernon eloped with Sir John Manners, from which pair the noble 
owner of Haddon was descended. The old pewter plates were brought into use ; 
the spacious fireplaces blazed with immense logs ; and the high table, worm-eaten and 
decayed, and one of the finest relics with which Haddon abounds, was brought into 
requisition. The piice de resistance on it was a boar's head, the crest of the Vernon family. 
There was a large peacock pie, on the summit of which the bird, the crest of the Manners 
family, displayed its wealth of gorgeous plumage, and spread the vast circumference of its 
tail. The Buxton Band was stationed in the Minstrel Gallery, at one end of the Banqueting 
HalL Over the fireplace there was a grand old heraldic frieze, containing a large number of 
shields bearing the arms of the Vemons and of various families allied vrith them, with the 
motto in large ancient letters, *' Drede God and honour the Eyng,*' as well as the inscription 
<* A.D. 1545. Monseigneur de Vernon." After a most interesting visit to this ancient pile, 

162 Record of the Qu«09^s StaU VisU to Derin^, 

the Boyal party drove back to Chatsworth, passing through Bowsley. On their way to 
Haddon in the morning the Royal Yisitors passed throngh Bakewell, which was splendidly 
decorated, and received a most enthusiastic reception, Mr. Nesfield, Mr. Taylor- Whitehead, 
Dr. Knox, Mr. Gratton, Mr. Greaves, and other well-known inhabitants taking a prominent 
part in the preparations and festivities. On the following day their Boyal Highnesses left 
Ohatsworth for Marlborough House, London, on their way to Bandringham. The return 
was made so as to afford the inhabitants of Ghesterfield an opportunity of showing their 
loyalty to the guests of the Duke of Devonshire, and they did it ia a manner worthy of the 
best traditions of our county. Triumphal arches, elaborate decorations, and bunting every- 
where abounded ; addresses were presented from the Oorporation and other public bodies, and 
there was as great a display of loyalty as was witnessed when the Queen passed through the 
town many years before. The Boyal party shook hands with the Duke of Devonshire, the 
Marquis of Hartington, Lady Louisa Egerton, and Lady Edward Cavendish on entering the 
train at Chesterfield Station, and the kindly tone of voice and genisd manner told that the 
Boyal guests, in bidding adieu to their Ohatsworth friends, were terminating w most pleasant 
and memorable sojourn. 


Friday, July 16th, 1881, was the date of the Prince of Wales* next visit to Derby. 
His Boyal Highness (as tbe representative of the Queen) came to the Boyal Agricultural 
Show, which was being held in Osmaston Park, and though to some extent the visit 
was primarily intended to be of a private nature, it was impossible for the respected Mayor 
(the late Sir Abraham Woodiwiss) to allow the occasion to pass without offering tne Prince 
a formal reception. Though but little time or opportunity was afforded for preparation, the 
decorations were exceedingly tasteful and effective. His Worship, with that unbounded 
generosity which was one of his chief characteristics, erected at his own cost ten triumphal 
arches, which were massive and well-executed works of art, bearing appropriate mottoes 
boldly displayed. The Midland Bailway Station, together with Messrs. Smith and Sons' 
bookstall (under the charge of Mr. Gallop), were neatly and effectively decorated, without 
any pretension to elaborate display. There was also a perfect wealth of ornamentation along 
the entire line of the Princess route to the Show ground, as well as into the centre of the 
town. The Boyal train was drawn by one of the Midland Company's finest and most 
powerful engines, and consisted of a saloon carriage and five coaches. It was accompanied 
by Mr. Noble (General Manager) and the late Mr. E. M. Needham ; the excellent arrange- 
ments at the Station being carried out under the able supervision of Mr. Pakeman. 
His Boyal Highness was received by a distinguished assembly of noblemen and gentlemen, 
including the Duke of Devonshire, the Marquis of Hartington, the High Sheriff of Derbyshire 
(Mr. F. Sumner, of Glossop), the Mayor of Derby (Mr. — afterwards Sir A. — Woodiwiss, J.P.), 
Mr. Bass, M.P., Mr. (now Sir) T. W. Evans, M.P., and Mr. Wells (Ohairman of the Boyal 
Agricultural Society). His Boyal Highness's escort from the Station consisted of a squadron of 
tbe Derbyshire Yeomanry Cavalry, and immediately behind the Boyal carriage were General 

B0cord cf ths Quem^s SuUe Vidt to Dwh^. 188 

Cameron (of York), Gol. Sir Henry Wilmot, V.C., M.P., Colonel Thompson, and other ofiScere, 
apon whose breasts were the marks of favonr bestowed by their Sovereign for deeds of valour in 
the service of their country. On reaching the Market Place, an address from the Corporation 
was handed to the Prince, who gave the Mayor a written reply, referring to his deep interest 
in agricalture, and expressing his pleasure at being able to again visit this ancient borough 
and renew his acquaintance with its inhabitants. The procession then passed along some 
of the principal streets, and by way of London Boad to the Show Ground, a portion of the 
route being kept by the Derby Volunteers. A most enthusiastic welcome was accorded 
to the Prince at the Show Yard, where there were thousands of visitors from different 
parts of the country, and His Boyal Highness seemed delighted with his reception, 
both in the Park and previously in the town. The Prince was entertained by 
the Mayor at a luncheon, consisting of the choicest delicacies in season, in a 
maguifioent pavilion of very noble proportions. The internal furnishing and decorating 
had been entrusted to Messrs. Topham and Hamlet, of Derby. The floral decorations 
were skilfully executed by Mr. E. Cooling, and were worthy of his reputation. 
Mr. Towle, of the Midland Hotel, was the purveyor, his name alone being a sufficient 
guarantee for the excellence of that department Some remarkably choice plaques which 
decorated the walls were supplied by the Derby Crown Porcelain Company ; and Messrs. 
Elkington, of Birmingham, expressly manufactured a service of platei of extremely chaste 
design, which contributed not a little to the complete beauty of the luncheon table. There 
was an influential list of guests, including the Duke of Devonshire, the Duke of Sutherland, 
the Earl of Leicester, Lord Colvile, Lord Vernon, the Mayor, Sir H. Wilmot, M.P. ; Bev. Sir 
G. Wilmot-Horton, Bart. ; Mr. Bass, M.P. ; Sir William Harcourt, M.P. (who was then Home 
Secretary) ; Mr. T. W. Evans, M.P. ; Mr. Alderman Sowter, and Mr. Alderman Jolm Smith. 
Duriog luncheon the proceedings were diversified by a pleasing incident. Three young native 
girls from Hindostan, who were being educated at the cost of the Prince, and were in the 
charge of Miss Sutherland of Derby, were taken to the pavilion to be presented to His Boyal 
Highness. The children, who were very prettily dressed in native costume, were presented to 
the Pruice, who expressed himself pleased with the interview, and received from the eldest 
girl a very fine bouquet. Immediately after luncheon the Boyal party drove to the Grand 
Stand, a portion of which had been specially reserved for their accommodation. The prize 
cattle were paraded, and His Boyal Highness inspected the different breeds with all the 
interest of an adept. After the completion of the cattle parade, the Prince drove to the sheep 
pens, in several of which he was an exhibitor. He appeared to take special interest in this 
department, and entered into a discussion with several &rmers as to the relative merits of 
their exhibits. The horses were afberwards paraded, and attracted a good deal of attention 
firom His Boyal Highness, who also made a complete inspection of the ground. Before 
leaving, the Mayoress, Mrs. (now Lady) Woodiwiss, and Mrs. (now Lady) Smith, were pre- 
sented to His Boyal Highness by Sir William Harcourt, M.P. The time occupied at the 
Show necessarily caused a hurried departure to the station, which the Prince left amidst the 
acclamations of the assemUed multitude. Thus terminated a memorable and important visit 

184 Becord of the Queen's Stale VieU to Derby. 

in which "ihe first gentleman of these islands" had evinoed his sympathy with the two 
staple branohes of our industry — viz., agrioulture and oommeroe. 


It was neither in an official nor yet in a representative capacity that His Royal Highness 
neict came amongst us, but as the guest of Lord Hindlip, at Doveridge Hall. This was in 
November, 1888. When it became known that the Prince would attend the Derby Races, 
and that he had condescended to accept an invitation to Derby School, the Corporation 
dutifully endeavoured to ascertain his views with regard to a public reception. Singularly 
enough, this visit was paid during the mayoralty of Mr. Alderman Woodiwiss, J.P., eldest 
son of the late Sir Abraham Woodiwiss, whose munificent hospitality on the Prince's former 
visit imparted so much eclat to that memorable occasion. His Royal Highness expressed a 
desire, through Lord Hindlip, that as this was a private visit, undertaken for pleasure only, 
no formal notice of it should be taken by the municipal authorities. The iuhabitants, never- 
theless, decorated their houses with bunting, and turned out in their thousands to welcome 
their future King. The Prince (accompanied by General Sir C. Teasdale, his equerry, and 
one or two personal attendants) arrived at the Great Northern Station, Friar Gate, which was 
handsomely decorated, and was received by Lord and Lady Hindlip. After conversing with 
them for a few minutes, the party descended into the street, her ladyship having meanwhile 
presefited the Prince with " a card of the races," specially printed for His Royal Highness 
by Mr. James Harwood, of Derby. The party drove to the Grand Stand on the race course, 
where they were received by Sir Henry Wilmot, Bart., the Hon. W. M. Jervis, Mr. Henry 
Boden, J.P., Mr. Walter Boden, J.P., and Colonel John Evaus. The Prince lunched with the 
Doveridge Hall party in <* the ancient dining-room," prepared for His Highnesses reception, 
with appropriate taste, under the supervision of Mr. Henry Boden. Never before had there 
been a more aristocratic or distinguished company assembled on the Grand Stand on the race 
course than on that occasion, Lord and Lady Hindlip, Lord and Lady Burton, and other 
members of the nobility having brought distinguished parties from their respective seats in 
the county. The Prince remained until the last race, and then returned to Uttoxeter by 
special train, driving the remainder of the distance to Doveridge. On the second day of the 
Prince's visit a portion of the programme was spoiled by the rain. The Earl of Harrington, 
the noble master of the South Notts. Hunt, had made arrangements for an early meet to 
take place at Breadsall, and it was hoped that His Royal Highness would be able to attend, 
but this was found impossible. The Prince, however, went to the races, and on that occasion 
the Mayor of Derby (Mr, Woodiwiss) was introduced by Lord HindUp to His Royal Highness, 
who pleasantly conversed with him for a short time. The great event of the day was the 
splendid victory of the Prince's own horse, *' Magic," which, after running a waiting race, 
along an exceptionally difficult steeplechase course of three miles, won the contest amidst 
loud cheers. The Derbyshire Advertiser's account of the race said, at the time — " For the 
Prince of Wales' horse to win the Prince of Wales' Stakes in His Royal Highness's 
presence was as happy and appropriate an event as could possibly have happened, and 

Record of ihs Queen's State Vint to Derby. 185 

the Prince was accordingly delighted alike with the victory of his horse and the 
applause he received." 

The Prince, accompanied by a distiDgnished following, attended Derby School on the 
third day of his stay in Derbyshire. The School was effectively and tastefally decorated, and in 
the large class-room about 500 prominent inhabitants of the town and comity assembled to 
give His Boyal Highness a suitable welcome. On his arrival, the Prince was received by the 
head master (the late Rev. Walter Clark, B.D.), accompanied by Miss Clark, and the following 
governors of the School, who were introduced to His Boyal Highness by the late Lord 
Belper— viz., Sir William Evans, Bart. ; Sir John Smith, Knt, ; Mr. P. C. Arkwright, J.P. ; 
Mr. Aid. J. G. Crompton, J.P. ; Mr. Aid. Hobson, J.P. ; Mr. C. Bowring, J.P. ; Mr. Aid. 
Boe, M.P. ; Mr. N. 0. Curzon, J.P. ; and Col. Delacombe. The Prince inspected ** The 
Prince of Wales's Class Booms,'* erected in commemoration of the visit made to the School 
by His Boyal Highness and his beloved Consort in 1872. The foundation-stone of these 
splendid buildings was laid by the Duke of Devonshire in 1874. The Prince inspected with 
great interest both the exterior and interior of the buildings, and asked various questions 
respecting the boys and their studies. The ceremony at the School was of short duration. 
From the Head Master His Boyal Highness received a list of honours — a long and 
distinguished one — gained by Derbeians during the previous twenty years. This list was 
elegantly printed in gold letters over white satin. The Captain of the School (Henry Graves) 
accompanied by the Senior Prsepositor (Baymond C. Jourdain) next presented a Latin 
address to the Prince, who also received a well-written ode (specially composed for the 
occasion) from Graves, the author, at whose request His Boyal Highness graciously secured 
from the Head Master a perpetual holiday on the 14th of November. This boon was granted 
to the boys in celebration of this Boyal visit. Before departing, the Prince delivered a brief 
address, saying that he should always take a deep interest in the prosperity of Derby School. 
He then drove away to the races amidst the music of the band and the plaudits of an 
assembled multitude. 


The busy, enterprising, and rapidly developing town of Burton-on-Trent had the honour 
of receiving its fir^t visit from the Prince during his stay at Doveridge. The primary object 
of his entry into Burton was to inspect the brewery of Messrs. Allsopp and Co., the head of 
which important undertaking was at that time Lord Hindlip, who was entertaining the Prince 
with such generous hospitality. The arrangements made by the brewery officials for the 
reception and comfort of the Prince were upon a most appropriate and extensive scale. The 
directors' room was transformed into a luncheon room of great beauty ; other rooms were alBo 
furnished and decorated for the ladies forming a portion of the party, while the various 
passages and approaches were also suitably adorned. Lord Hindlip, with his Boyal and other 
guests, journeyed by special train from Uttoxeter to Burton, and the progress through the 
streets of theJBeer Metropolis was made amidst the cheers of thousands of spectators, and the 
merry peals of the church bells. The Prince was conveyed through the extensive brewery. 

Etoord of Ot Qutm't State Vitk to Dtrby, 

where he inspected the various operationB tJirotigb wbiob the oelebnted beverage of Burton 
paasea in its mannfaotnre. He was also entertained at a BumptaoDB lonob, and left the 
brewery after a very pleasant sojourn tbeie. The pretty town of Uttoseter participated in 
the rejoicings inseparable from tbe Boyal presence. The station was elaborately dressed 
with fags and bunting, under the sapervision of Mr. Dawson, the station master. Tbe 
houses and streets of tbe old town, as well as tbe route to Doveridge, were also decorated. 
The raUway traffic arrangements were under tbe able chaise of Mr. W. D. Phillips, the North 
StafiTordsbira Company's traffic manager, and were all tbat could be desired. 

This brief account of the Prince's visit to Detbysbire concludes oar eketch of fomaet 
Boyal visits. It will be observed that onr county has been singularly honoured by tt>e 
presence of Royalty dnring the past sixty years, and there cannot be tbe least doubt that these 
visits have greatly endeared our gracious Sovereign and her illyetrioae family to the hearts <A 
Derbyshire people. 






APR 1 1926 


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