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Full text of "Personnel of the Senate and House of Commons, eighth Parliament of Canada, elected June 23, 1896"

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SENATE 

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AND 



HOUSE OF COMMONS 



EIGHTH PARLIAMENT OF CANADA 



ELECTED JUNE 23, 1896. 



PORTRAITS AND BIOGRAPHIES OF THE MEMBERS 



JJtontmil : 

JOHN LOVELL & SON 
1898 




INTRODUCTION. 



The object of the following pages is to afford in the most condensed 
and convenient form a biographical and pictorial sketch of the Personnel 
of the Senate and House of Commons of the Eighth Parliament of 
Canada. 

In the series of biographies here presented will be found the most 
important facts and dates in the history of every member of the two 
Houses of Parliament. 

The information given has been collected from the most reliable 
sources, and carefully verified and edited. 

The accompanying portraits are photo-gravure reproductions of the 
best and most recent photographs procurable. 



IO 



PERSONNEL, OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




RT. HON. SIR WILFRID LAURIER, P.O., K.C-M.G. 

(Prime Minister and President of the Council.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 1 1 

Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada, was born in the village 
of St. Lin, County of L'Assomption, Province of Quebec, on the 2Oth of 
November, 1841, his father being the late Carolus Laurier, Provincial Land 
Surveyor, a descendant of an old French family. He was educated at 
L'Assomption College and at the University of McGill, where, in 1864, 
he took the degree of B.C. L. He was called to the Bar the same year,, 
and on October 11, 1880, was appointed a Q.C. His first parliamentary 
experience was as a member of the Quebec Assembly, to which he was- 
elected in 1871 for the Counties of Drummond and Arthabaska. lie 
represented that constituency in the local House until 1874, when he 
resigned to contest the same seat for the House of Commons, in which he 
was successful. In 1877 he entered Hon. Mr. Mackenzie's Administration 
as Minister of Inland Revenue. At the by-election held through his 
acceptance of office he was defeated, but found a seat in Quebec East, 
through the resignation of the Hon. I. Thibaudeau, and retained his port- 
folio until the resignation of the Mackenzie Administration in 1878. He 
was re-elected for Quebec East at the general elections of 1878, 1882, 
1887, 1891 and 1896, in which year he was also elected for Saskatchewan, 
but chose to stand by his old constituency. On the retirement of the 
Hon. Edward Blake, in 1888, from the leadership of the Liberal Party, 
Mr. Laurier was unanimously chosen for the position, which by his win- 
ning personality and commanding eloquence he has vitalized from a dor- 
mant faction into a living force. On the resignation of Sir Charles 
Tupper's Administration in 1896, Sir Wilfrid was sent for by Lord 
Aberdeen to form a Government, himself as Prime Minister and President 
of the Council. Sir Wilfrid, like a great many of Canada's public men, 
has had some journalistic experience, having been at one time editor of a 
paper called Le DefricJieur. At the celebration of Queen Victoria's 
Jubilee in 1897, Sir Wilfrid represented Canada with such dignity and 
grace as to command the admiration of all classes in the two countries. 
On that occasion Her Majesty bestowed on him the rank of K.C.M.G., 
and he was also the recipient of many other tokens of appreciation 
from different cities in England and Scotland. He also visited Paris, and 
was specially honored by the President of the French Republic and by 
several public bodies. During his tour, which was in the nature of a tri- 
umphal procession; he delivered several notable addresses, and, for a time 
at least, attracted universal attention to Canada, which there is good rea- 
son to believe will benefit greatly in the future from the masterly way in 
which he set forth her claims as a field for the capitalist and emigrant. 
Sir Wilfrid was married on May 13, 1868, to Miss Lafontaine, who shares- 
with him the esteem of the whole Canadian people. 



12 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 




HON. SIR R. J. CARTWRIGHT, K.C.M.G. 

(Minister of Trade and Commerce.) 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 13 



The Hon. Sir Richard John Cartwright, K.C.M.G., was born at 
Kingston, December 4, 1835, being the son of the late Rev. R. D. Cart- 
wright, chaplain to the Forces of Kingston, and is a grandson of Hon. 
Richard Cartwright, a U. E. loyalist, and who was a member of the first 
Parliament of Upper Canada, which met in 1792, and continued to hold a 
seat in that body to the time of his death in 1815. He was educated at 
Trinity College, Dublin. He married in August, 1850, Frances, eldest 
daughter of the late Col. Alex. Lawe, H. E. I. C. S. He was President 
of the late Commercial Bank of Canada. He is the author of a pam- 
phlet on the Militia question (1864). November 7, 1873, he was sworn 
of Privy Council, and appointed Minister of Finance, which office he held 
until the resignation of the Mackenzie Administration in October, 1878.. 
He went to England in 1874 on public business, and again in 1875 and 
1876. He sat in the Canadian Assembly for Lennox and Addington 
from 1863 until the time of the Union. He was elected to the Commons 
for Lennox at the general election of 1867, also at general election of 1872,. 
also upon his appointment to office and by acclamation at general election 
of 1874. He \vas defeated at the general election of 1878, and was elected 
for Huron on the resignation of the sitting member November 2, 1878. 
He was an unsuccessful candidate for the County of Wellington at the 
general election of 1882. In December, 1883, he was elected by acclama- 
tion for South Huron on the resignation of the sitting member. He was 
re-elected for his present seat at the general elections of 1887, 1891 and 
1896. He was created a K.C.M.G. in 1879. Upon the formation of 
the Laurier Government he was again sworn of the Privy Council, and was 
appointed Minister of Trade and Commerce, July 13, 1896. A Liberal. 
Kingston, O. 



14 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. R. W. SCOTT, Q.C.. LL.D. 

(Secretary of State.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. je 



The Hon. Richard William Scott was born at Prescott, February 
24, 1825. He is the son of the late W. J. Scott, Esq., M.D., who served 
on the medical staff of the army in the Peninsular war, and who sub- 
sequently came to Canada and became Registrar of the County of Gren- 
ville. Ont., and Sarah Ann, daughter of the late Capt. A. McDonnell, of 
Matilda, Dundas, Ont. He was educated at Prescott. He married Mary 
Ann, daughter of the late Mr. J. Heron, of Ottawa. At the Easter Term, 
1848, he was called to the Bar of Upper Canada, and was appointed Q.C. 
in 1867. In 1852 he was elected Mayor of Ottawa. In December, 1871, 
he was elected Speaker of the Ontario Assembly, but resigned on his 
appointment to the Executive Council as Commissioner of Crown Lands 
for that Province, which position he held until November, 1873, when he 
was sworn of the Queen's Privy Council. He was Secretary of State from 
January, 1874, until October, 1878, when he resigned with the Mackenzie 
Administration, of which he was a member. He was called to the Senate 
in March, 1874. He represented Ottawa in the Canada Assembly from 
1857 until 1863, when he was defeated, and held the same seat in the 
Ontario Assembly from the general election of 1867 to November, 1873, 
when he resigned. In 1863 he prepared and carried the Separate School 
Law of Ontario. He was appointed LL.D. University of Ottawa in 
1889. He was Leader of the Opposition in the Senate until July, 1896, 
when he became Secretary of State in the Laurier Administration. A 
Liberal. Ottawa. 



i6 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. DAVID MILLS, LL.B. 

(Minister of Justice.) 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 17 



The Hon. David Mills was born in the Township of Oxford, County 
of Kent, Ont, March 18, 1831. He is the son of Nathaniel Mills, 
formerly of New York State, who emigrated to Nova Scotia, and again 
removed to Upper Canada. He was educated at the Public Schools and 
at Michigan University, where he received the degree of LL.B. In 
December, 1860, he married Miss M. J. Brown. In 1883 he was called to 
the Bar, and was appointed Q.C. in 1896. He was elected to the Com- 
mons for Both well in 1867, and has held that seat ever since. He was 
sworn of the Privy Council, and appointed Minister of the Interior in the 
Mackenzie Government from 1876 until the resignation of the Govern- 
ment in 1878. He was first returned to Parliament in 1867, and was 
re-elected in 1872, 1874 and 1878. In 1882 he was again a candidate, 
but was unable to take his seat until declared by the judgment of the 
Supreme Court to have been improperly deprived of the seat. He was 
re-elected in 1887 and 1891, but defeated in 1896. He was appointed to 
the Senate in November, 1896. Appointed Minister of Justice November 
18, 1897. A Liberal London, O. 



1 8 PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 






HON. SIR L. H. DAVIES, Q.C.. K.C.M.G. 

(Minister of Marine and Fisheries.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



The Hon. Sir Louis Henry Davies, Q.C., was born in Charlotte- 
town, P.E.I., on May 4, 1845. He is the son of the Hon. Benjamin 
Davies, and is a grandson of Nathan Davies, Esq., who in 1809 came to 
Prince Edward Island. He was educated at the Prince of Wales College 
and at the Central Academy. He married at St. Eleanors, P.E I., in 
July, 1872, Susan, fourth daughter of the late Rev. Dr. A. V. G. Wiggins. 
He was called to the Bar of Prince Edward Island in 1 866, and was 
appointed a Q.C., November 26, 1880. For many years he held the office 
of President of the Merchants' Bank of Prince Edward Island. He was 
Counsel for the Tenantry before the Land Commission of Prince Edward 
Island, presided over by the Right Hon. H. C. Childers, and he was also 
one of the Canadian Counsel before the International Fishery Commission 
at Halifax in 1877. He was Solicitor-General of Prince Edward Island 
in 1869, and also in 1872 and 1873, and was Leader of the Opposition in 
the Legislative Assembly until September, 1876, when he became Premier 
and Attorney-General. In March, 1879, his Administration resigned. 
He sat in the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island from 
November, 1872, until the general elections held in 1879, in which year 
he was defeated. At the general elections held in 1882 he was first 
elected to the House of Commons, and was re-elected at the general elec- 
tions held in 1887, 1891, and 1896. He was sworn of the Privy Council, 
and was appointed Minister of Marine and Fisheries on July 13, 1896. 
On his acceptance of office he was re-elected by acclamation. On the 
occasion of Her Majesty's Diamond Jubilee he was created Knight 
Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. A Liberal. 
Charlottitown, P.E. I. 



20 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. F. W. BORDEN, M.D. 

(Minister of Militia and Defence.) 



PERSONNEL OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 21 



The Hon. Frederick William Borden, M.D., was born in Cornwallis, 
King's County, N.S., May 14, 1847. He is the son of the late Dr. 
Jonathan Borden, who for thirty years followed his profession in his 
native County, King's. He was educated at King's College, Windsor, in 
Arts, where he took his degree of A.B. in 1866, and at Harvard Medical 
School, Boston, in Medicine, where he graduated an M.D. in 1868. He 
has been married twice: first, on October i, 1873, to Julia M., daugh- 
ter of J. H. Clark, Esq., of Canning ; and, second, on June 13, 1884, to 
Bessie B. Clark, of Canning. He was agent of the Bank of Nova Scotia at 
Canning from September, 1882, until May, 1891, in which year the Agency 
was closed. Since then he has been agent at Canning of the Halifax 
Banking Co. He was first elected to Parliament at the general elections 
held in 1874, and was re-elected at the general elections held in 1878. He 
was an unsuccessful candidate at the general elections held in 1882, and 
was re-elected at the general elections of 1887 and in 1891. Me was 
unseated in November, 1891, and was re-elected February 13, 1892, arid 
again at the general elections held in 1896. In July, 1896, he was sworn 
of the Privy Council and was appointed Minister of Militia and Defence. 
He was re-elected by acclamation on his appointment to office. A 
Liberal. Canning, N.S. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. WM. MULOCK, Q.C., LL.D. 

(Postmaster-General.) 



24 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 







HON. S. A. FISHER, B.A. 

(Minister of Agriculture.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 23 



The Hon. William Mulock was born in the Village of Bond Head, 
Township of West Gwillimbury, County of Simcoe, January 19, 1843. He 
is the second son of the late Thomas Homan Mulock, M.D., of King's 
County, Ireland, and Mary, daughter of the late John Cawthra, formerly 
of Yorkshire, England, who settled in Newmarket, County of York, and 
was Reform Member in the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada for 
Simcoe in 1829. He was educated at the Newmarket Grammar School 
and at the University of Toronto, where he graduated in Arts in 1863. 
He was called to the Bar of Ontario in 1868. He married, May 25, 1870, 
Sarah Ellen Cawthra, daughter of James Crowther, of Toronto. In 1890 
he was appointed a Q.C. by the Ontario Government. He was elected 
a member of the Senate of the University of Toronto in 1873 and 1878, 
and Vice-Chancellor, University of Toronto, in 1881, and has held that 
position ever since. For several years he was one of the Examiners in 
and Lecturer on Equity for the Law Society of Upper Canada. He was 
first elected to Parliament at the general elections of 1882, and was 
re-elected in 1887, 1891 and 1896. He was sworn of the Privy Council and 
appointed Postmaster-General July 13, 1896, and was re-elected by accla- 
mation on his acceptance of office. A Liberal. Yorkville, O. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 25 



The Hon. Sydney Arthur Fisher, B.A., was born in Montreal on 
June 12, 1850. He is the son of Dr. Arthur Fisher, of Montreal, whose 
grandfather came from Dunkeld, Scotland, to Canada. He was educated at. 
the High School of Montreal and at McGill College of the same place, and 
subsequently at Trinity College, Cambridge, England, from which place 
he graduated a B.A. He is unmarried. He is by occupation a farmer,, 
and is a J.P. for the District of Bedford. For the last five years he has 
been Vice-President of the Province of Quebec Dairy Association. He is 
one of the founders and has been Vice-President for two years of the 
Provincial Fruit Growers Association, and is President of the Ensilage 
and Stock Feeding Association of Montreal, and is a director of the Brome 
County Agricultural Society. For a period of fifteen years he has been a 
member of the Council, and is also one of the Vice-Presidents for Quebec 
of the Dominion Alliance for the Prohibition of the Liquor Traffic. At 
an election held in October, 1880, he was an unsuccessful candidate for 
his present seat, following the death of the sitting Member. He was 
first elected to Parliament at the general elections held in 1882 ; he was 
re-elected at the general elections held in 1887, and was defeated at the 
general elections held in 1891. He was re-elected at the general elections 
held in 1896. On July 13, 1896, he was sworn of the Privy Council and. 
was appointed Minister of Agriculture. A Liberal. Know/ton, Q. 



26 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 




HON. J. I. TARTE. 

(Minister of Public Woiks.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



2 7 



Hon. Joseph Israel Tarte was born at Lanoraie, County of Berthier, 
P. Q., in 1849, and was educated at the College of L'Assomption. He 
first commenced business as a notary, but followed that profession for two 
years only, when he merged into journalism, which field he found more 
congenial to his taste. Mr. Tarte soon came to be recognized as a tren- 
chant and virile, yet withal graceful writer, and in his position as editor 
of Le Canadien established a reputation as a progressive journalist. 
Entering politics, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec 
for Bonaventure from February 23, 1877, until the general elections of 
1881, when he retired. Mr. Tarte was elected to Parliament for Mont- 
morency, but in 1891 the election was declared void, and he subsequently 
stood for the constituency of 1'Islet at a by-election, when he was suc- 
cessful. At the general elections of 1896 he unsuccessfully contested the 
County of Beauharnois Having been sworn of the Privy Council and 
appointed Minister of Public Works on July 13, 1896, he sought the 
suffrages of his present constituents at a by-election, the vacancy being 
caused by the appointment of the member-elect to the Senate. A Libe- 
ral. Ottawa. 



28 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. R. R. DOBELL. 

(Minister without Portfolio.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 2 Q 



The Hon. Richard Reid Dobell was bcrn in Liverpool, England 
January 27, 1836; his father, Mr. George Dobell, being a gentleman of in- 
dependent means. He received his education at Liverpool College, and 
early in life showed a great adaptability for business. Coming to Canada 
in 1857, he engaged in business as a timber merchant at Quebec, which 
port then enjoyed a comparative monopoly in the exportation of lumber. 
Mr. Dobt-11 grew to be one of the most extensive exporters in the trade, 
and his firm has all along maintained an enviable reputation on both 
sides of the Atlantic. Outside of his immediate business, Mr. Dobell is 
largely interested in several important public companies, attention to which 
leaves him with little leisure time on his hands ; still social duties are not 
neglected, and personally he is very popular among all classes of society 
in Quebec, where he is best known and appreciated for his business in- 
tegrity and generous disposition. Mr. Dobell was married to a daughter 
of the late Sir David Q. Macpherson, K-C.M.G., of Toronto. At the by- 
election of 1895, Mr. Uobell contested his present seat, but was unsuc- 
cessful. At the general elections of the following year (1896) he was re- 
turned by a handsome majority, and on the formation of Sir Wilfrid 
Laurier's Administration was, on July 13 of the same year, appointed a 
Cabinet Minister without portfolio. A Liberal. Quebec. 



3O PEKSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 







HON. W. S. FIELDING. P.O. 

(Minister of Finance.) 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. -,, 



The Hon. Win. Stevens Fielding. P.C., was born at Halifax, N.S., 
November 24, 1848, and is of English descent. He was educated at Hali- 
fax. He married on September 7, 1876, Hester, daughter of Thomas A. 
Rankine, Esq., of St. John, N.B. He is by occupation a journalist, and was 
for many years connected with the Halifax Morning Chronicle. He is a gov- 
ernor of Dalhousie University, and is president of the St. George's Society 
of Halifax. At the convention of the Liberal Party, which was held at 
Halifax, in 1882, for the formation of a new Administration after the resig- 
nation of the Thompson Government, the offices of Premier and Provincial 
Secretary were offered to him, but were declined. December 22, 1882, he 
entered the Administration of the Hon. W. T. Pipes. He resigned in May, 
1884. On July 15, 1884, on the retirement of the Hon. Mr. Pipes, he was 
called upon to reorganize the Administration, and he held the offices of 
Premier and Provincial Secretary from July 28, 1884, to July 18, 1896, on 
which date he resigned, and on July 20, 1896, was sworn of the Privy 
Council and appointed Minister of Finance in the Laurier Administration. 
He sat in the House of Assembly of Nova Scotia for Halifax from the 
general elections held in 1882 until July 18, 1896. He was first elected to 
the House of Commons in July, 1896, on the appointment of Mr. F. G. 
Forbes, the member-elect, to an office under the Crown. A Liberal. 
Halifax, N.S. 



32 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. A. G. BLAIR, Q.C., LL.D. 

(Minister of Railways and Canals.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 33 



The Hon. Andrew George Blair, Q.C., LL.D., was born in Freder- 
icton, New Brunswick, March 7, 1844. He married, October 31, 1866, 
Annie E., eldest daughter of George Thompson, Esq., of the Educational 
Department, Fredericton. He was educated at the Collegiate School, 
Fredericton. In April, 1866, he was called to the Bar. He was first 
elected to the House of Assembly at the general elections held in 1878. 
On a petition being filed against his return he resigned his seat, and on 
the issue of a new writ was re-elected November 14, 1878. He was Leader 
of the Opposition until the close of the term. He was re-elected at the 
general elections held in 1882. On March 3, 1883, he formed an Admin- 
istration, and was re-elected on his acceptance of office as Attorney-Gen- 
eral, March 24, 1883. He was re elected at the general elections of 1886 
and also at the general elections of 1890, and again at the by-election held 
October 23. 1890. At the general elections of 1892 he was defeated for 
York, but was re-elected for Queen's, November, 1892, upon the resigna- 
tion of the member elect, Mr. Hetherington. He was re-elected at the 
general elections held in 1895. In 1896 he resigned the Premiership and 
his seat in the House of Assembly. He was sworn of the Privy Council 
and was appointed Minister of Railways and Canals in the Liberal Admin- 
istration of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, July, 1896. He was elected to his pres- 
ent seat in the Commons, August 25, 1896, on the appointment of Mr. G. 
G. King, the member elect, to an office of emolument under the Crown, 
A Liberal. S/. John, N.B. 



34 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. C. SIFTON, Q.C. 

(Minister of the Interior.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 35 



The Hon. Clifford Sifton was born in the Township of London, Mid- 
dlesex County, Ont., March 10, 1861. He is the son of the Hon.* J. W. 
Sifton, at one time Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, and 
Kate Watkins, both of whom came from Ireland and settled in Middle- 
sex County. He was educated at the London High School and Victoria 
University, from which Institution he received the gold medal. He mar- 
ried August 14, 1884, Elizabeth Arma, daughter of Mr. H. T. Burrows, 
formerly of Ottawa. He studied law in the office of the Hon. S. C. Biggs, 
O.C , in Winnipeg, and began the practice of his profession in Brandon, 
where he became senior partner in the firm of Sifton, Philip & Cameron. 
He was elected a member of the Board of School Trustees, and in 1886 
was appointed solicitor for the Western Judicial Board. He held a seat 
in the Manitoba Legislative Assembly for North Brandon, and in 1891 he 
was appointed a member of 'the Executive Council as Attorney-General, 
and was also in charge of the Departments of Education and Crown 
Lands, which positions he held until 1896, when he resigned. November 
17, 1896, he was sworn of the Privy Council and became Minister of the 
Interior. On November 27 he was elected by acclamation to the House 
of Commons for Brandon. A Liberal. Brandon, Man. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 




HON. C. A. GEOFFRION, Q C., D.C L. 

(Minister without Portfolio.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



37 



The Hon. Christophe Alphonse Geoffrion was born at Varennes. 
County of Vercheres, 23rd of November, 1843, his father being Felix 
Geoffrion, and his mother Catherine Brodeur. He is a younger brother of 
the late Hon. F. Geoffrion, who was a member of the Mackenzie Adminis- 
tration. He was educated at the College of St. Hyacinthe and at McGill 
University, He graduated a B.C.L. in 1866, and was admitted to the 
Bar in June of same year. He was Batonnier of the Bar, Section of 
Montreal, in 1884-1885. He was appointed a Q.C. on February 18, 1887. 
The degree of Doctor of Civil Law was conferred upon him at McGill 
University in 1893. He married, in 1870, Eulalie, eldest daughter of the 
late Chief Justice Sir A. A. Dorion. He was first elected to the Dominion 
Parliament for Vercheres at a by-election necessitated through the death 
of his brother, the Hon. Felix Geoffrion, in April, 1895, and was re-elected 
at the last general elections for Chambly and Vercheres in 1896. Sworn 
of the Privy Council and became a member of the Laurier Administration 
without portfolio, August, 1896. A Liberal. Montreal. 



38 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. WM. PATERSON. 

(Minister of Customs.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 39 



The Hon. William Paterson was born in Hamilton, Ont., September 
19, 1839, being the son of James Paterson, Esq., formerly of Aberdeen, 
Scotland, who arrived in Canada some years previously. He was educated 
partly in Hamilton, finishing in Caledonia under Dr. Ferrier. Mr. Pater- 
son was married in September, 1863, to a daughter of T. C. Davies, 
Esq., of Brantford. He is an indefatigable worker with great business 
capacity, by the exercise of which he built up the extensive concern known 
as the Brantford Steam Confectionery and Biscuit Works, of which he was 
proprietor. Mr. Paterson has devoted much of his time to the public 
service, and among the minor offices held by him was that of Town 
Councillor, 1868, Deputy-Reeve, 1869, iS/oand 1871, and Mayor 1872. He 
was first elected to Parliament for South Brant, at the general elections of 
1872, and was again re-elected five consecutive terms for the same constitu- 
ency, namely, at the general elections of 1874, 1878, 1882, 1887 and 1891. 
At the general elections of 1896 he again offered himself for re-election, and 
was unsuccessful ; but, having been appointed Controller of Customs in 
the Laurier Administration, he contested the County of North Grey at a 
by-election held in August of the same year, the vacancy being caused 
by the death of the member elect, Mr. Clark, and was successful. By an 
Act of Parliament passed at the Session of 1897 he became Minister of 
Customs instead of Controller. A Liberal. Brantford, 0. 



40 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. SIR H. G. de LOTBINIERE. 

(Minister of Inland Revenue.) 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 41 



The Hon. Sir Henry Gustave Joly de Lotbiniere was born in 
France, December 5, 1829, being the son of the late Gaspard Pierre 
Gustave Joly, Esq., Seigneur de Lotbiniere and of Julia Christin, daugh- 
ter of the late Hon. M. E. G. A. Chartiere de Lotbiniere, who, from 1794 
to May, 1797, was Speaker of the Quebec Assembly, and was afterwards 
a member of the Legislative Council of Quebec. He was educated in Paris. 
He married the daughter of Hammond Gowan, Esq., of Quebec. In 
March, 1855, he was called to the Bar of Lower Canada. He was ap- 
pointed a Q.C. March 9, 1876. In January, 1877, he was offered a seat 
in the Dominion Cabinet as Minister of Agriculture, but declined it. Upon 
the dismissal of the De Boucherville Government in March, 1878, by 
Lieut-Governor Letellier de St. Just, he became Premier and Commis- 
sioner of Public Works. His Ministry resigned on October 30, 1879. 
From 1879 until 1883 he was Leader of the Opposition. He sat for 
Lotbiniere in the Canadian Assembly from the General Elections of 1861 
until the time of the Union, when he was elected by acclamation to the 
House of Commons and the Legislative Assembly. He continued to sit 
in both Houses until the General Elections of 1874, in which year he 
retired from the Commons and continued to sit in the Legislative Assem- 
bly till he resigned in 1885. He was elected to his present seat at the 
General Elections of 1896. Upon the formation of the Liberal Govern- 
ment by Sir Wilfrid Laurier, he was appointed Controller of Inland 
Revenue, July 9, 1896. By an Act of Parliament passed at the Session 
of 1897 he became Minister of Inland Revenue instead of Controller. 
In May, 1895, he was created a K.C.M.G. A Liberal. Quebec. 



42 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. C. FITZPATRICK, Q.C. 

(Solicitor General.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 43. 



The Hon. Charles Fitzpatrick was born in the City of Quebec, 
December 19, 1853. He is the third son of Mr. John Fitzpatrick, who was 
an extensive lumber merchant of Quebec. He was educated at the Quebec 
Seminary, Ste. Ann's College, and afterwards at Laval University in the 
Law Faculty, where he won the Dufferin Medal in 1876. He was called 
to the Bar in the same year, and became a member of the firm of Andrews, 
Caron & Fitzpatrick. He married, May 20, 1879, Corinne, daughter 
of the late Hon. R. E. Caron, who was Lieut.-Governor of the Province 
of Quebec at the time of his death, and sister of Sir Adolph P. Caron, 
K.C.M.G. In 1878 he was appointed Crown Prosecutor for the District 
of Quebec during the Administration of the Hon. Mr. Joly, and again in 
1886. He was engaged as Counsel for the defence of Louis Kiel, who in 
1885 was tried and condemned to death. In 1891 he was offered the 
Attorney-Generalship in the DeBoucherville Ministry, but declined. He 
was appointed Q. C. in 1893. He held a seat in the Legislative Assembly 
of Quebec from 1890 until June, 1896, when he resigned his seat to run 
for the Commons, and was elected for Quebec County. He was appointed 
Solicitor-General of Canada in the present Administration on July 13^ 
1896, A Liberal. Quebec. 



-44 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




IHB 



LORD STRATHCONA AND MOUNT ROYAL. 

(High Commissioner for Canadi in the United Kingdom.) 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 45. 



Lord Strathcona, better known as Sir Donald A. Smith, was born 
in Morayshire, Scotland, in 1820, and educated there. He came to Canada 
when quite a youth, and entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company 
rising gradually step by step until he attained the position of Director and 
afterwards President, Resident. Governor and Chief Commissioner in 
Canada, and was elected in 1888 to the position of Governor of that 
Corporation. It is safe to affirm that no man living knows more of that 
extensive tract of country known as the North-West Territories than 
Lord Strathcona. He has led a busy and active life, and during his long 
career has been closely identified with most of the great commercial 
enterprises which have done so much to build up Canada, and at the present 
time is President of the Bank of Montreal. He represented Winnipeg 
and St. John in the Manitoba Assembly from the first meeting of that 
body in 1871, until January, 1874, when he resigned. Sat in the 
Commons for Selkirk on the admission of Manitoba into Confederation 
in 1871, and was re-elected at the general elections of 1872, 1874 and 
1878, which latter, upon petition, was voided. He was returned for 
Montreal West in 1887, and sat continuously for that constituency until 
Parliament was dissolved in April, 1896. Sworn of the Privy Council and 
appointed High Commissioner April 24, 1896. Lord Strathcona's many 
acts of benevolence are well known. In conjunction with Lord Mount- 
Stephen he built and endowed the Royal Victoria Hospital in the Queen's 
Jubilee year, 1887, and his munificent gifts to McGill College (of which 
he is Chancellor) has been the means of raising that institution to a fore- 
most position among the seats of learning of this Continent. His latest 
gift in this connection is the building of the new " Donalda College" for 
the higher education of women. On the celebration of her " Diamond 
Jubilee," Her Majesty the Queen was graciously pleased to bestow a 
peerage upon Sir Donald under the title of Lord Strathcona and Mount 
Royal. A Liberal-Conservative. Montreal. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



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PERSONNEL OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



47 



SENA E. 



48 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. C. A. P. PELLETIER, C.M.G., B.C.L., Q.C. 

(Speaker of the Senate.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



The Hon. Charles Alphonse Pantaleon Pelletier was born at River 
Ouelle, Kamouraska County, January 22, 1837. He is the son of J. M. 
Pelletier and Julia Painchaud. He was educated at Ste. Anne's College 
and Laval University, where he received the degree of B.C.L. in 1858. 
He was married twice : first, to Susanne, daughter of the late Hon. C. E. 
Casgrain, M.L.C., and, second, to Virginia A., daughter of the late Hon. 
M. P. DeSales La Terriere, M.D. He is by profession an advocate, and 
was appointed Q.C. in 1879. He has been Syndic and Batonnier of the 
Quebec Bar. He is a director of the Quebec Fire Assurance Company 
and retired Major of Qth Batt. of Voltigeurs de Quebec. He was elected 
for Kamouraska in 1869, and was re-elected at the general elections of 
1872 and 1874. He, at the same time, was representing the Quebec-East 
Division in the Quebec Legislative Assembly until dual representation 
was abolished. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1877 as Minister 
of Agriculture in the Mackenzie Administration, and held that office 
until 1878, when he resigned with his colleagues. Was President of the 
Canadian Commission for the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1878. He 
was created a C.M.G. in October, 1878. He was called to the Senate 
February 2, 1877, and was appointed Speaker of the Senate, July, 1896. 
A Liberal. Quebec. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 





E. J. LANGEVIN, N P. 

(Clerk of the Senate.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 51 



Edouard Joseph Langevin was born at Quebec, October i, 1833, and 
educated at the Seminary there, and St. Mary's College, Montreal. He 
is the fourth son of the late Jean Langevin, Esq., of Quebec, and a 
brother of His Lordship the late Bishop of Rimouski and of the Hon. Sir 
Hector L. Langevin, K.C.M.G. He has been twice married ; first to a 
daughter of the late Hon. James Armstrong, C.M.G., Chief Justice of St. 
Lucia and Tobago, West Indies ; second, to Marie Albina Giroux, of 
Montreal. Mr. Langevin was admitted as a Notary, L.C., 3rd December, 
1858; practised for some ye.ars as a notary, and was a member of the 
Chamber of Notaries for the District of Quebec. He served as a volunteer 
officer during the "Trent" affair, and became Major of the Qth Batt. 
" Voltigeurs de Quebec," retiring in 1865, retaining rank. On January 4, 
1865, he was appointed Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, Can., and to the 
same office for the Dominion July 5, 1867 ; Deputy Registrar-General, July 
i, 1868 ; Under-Secretary of State, July 9, 1873; Secretary of the Civil 
Service Board, 1876; Clerk of the Senate, January 25, 1883 ; a Commis- 
sioner to administer the oath of allegiance to Members of the Senate, 
January 31, and Master in Chancery, February 7, 1883. Ottawa. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




J. de ST. D. LeMOYNE. 

(Sergeant-at-Arms.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 53 



Juchereau de St. Denis LeMoyne was born July 13, 1850, and is the 
eldest son of the late Robert A. LeMoyne, Esq., Clerk of the Senate. He 
received his early education at the Seminary of Quebec, and subsequently 
went to St. Mary's College, Montreal, where he made rapid progress, 
distinguishing himself in various branches of study. He was married on 
April 29, 1875, to Margaret Louise, daughter of William Mackay, Esq., 
of Ottawa. Mr. LeMoyne was appointed Acting Sergeant-at-Arms in 
May, 1869, and was promoted in 1873 to his present position, and was 
further appointed Clerk of French journals. Ottawa. 



54 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. M. ADAMS, Q.C. 

(Northumberland, N. B.) 

The Hon. Michael Adams was 
born in Douglastown, Parish of 
Newcastle, N.B., August 13, 1845, 
and is of Irish descent. He was 
educated in Douglastown. He has 
been married twice: first, in 1869, 
to Miss Catherine L. Patterson, and 
second, on November 29, 1882, to 
Miss Nealis. He was called to the 
Bar of New Brunswick on October 
14, 1 868, and was appointed a Q.C. 
in February, 1891. He was Sur- 
veyor-General of New Brunswick 
and also a member of the Execu- 
tive Council from July, 1878, until 

February, 1882. He held a seat in the Legislative Assembly of N. B. from 
1870 to 1874, and also from 1878 to 1887, when he resigned to run for the 
Commons, but was defeated. He was first elected to the House of Com- 
mons for Northumberland, N.B., at the general election held in 1891, and 
continued to sit until January, 1896, when he was called to the Senate. 
A Conservative. Newcastle, N.B. 




HON. J. C. AIKINS, P.O., LL.D. 
(Home.) 

The Hon. James Cox Aikins 
was born in the Township of To- 
ronto, Peel, Ont, March 30, 1823, 
and is of Irish descent. He was 
educated at the University of Vic- 
toria College, Cobourg. He was 
married in 1845 to Miss M. E. J. 
Somerset. He represented Peel in 
the House of Assembly from 1854 
until 1861. He was a member for 
the Home Division in the Legisla- 
tive Council from 1862 until the 
Union. He was Secretary of State 
from December, 1869, until No- 
vember, 1873, the date that the 
Macdonald Government resigned. He was reappointed Secretary of 
State in 1878, and Minister of Inland Revenue in 1882. He was called 
to the Senate in May, 1867, and sat until May, 1882. He was Lieut. Gov- 
ernor of Manitoba and Keewatin from 1882 to 1888. He was reappointed 
to the Senate in January, 1896. A Liberal Conservative. Toronto, Ont. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



55 




HON. G. W. ALLAN, P.O., D.C.L., 
F.R.G.S., F.Z.S. 

(York.) 

Son of the late Hon. William 
Allan, of Moss Park, Toronto. 
Born in Toronto, January 9, 1822. 
Educated at U.C. College. Mar- 
ried, ist, Louisa Maude, third 
daughter of the late Hon. Sir J. B. 
Robinson, Bart. ; 2nd, Adelaide 
Harriet, third daughter of the late 
Rev. T. Schreiber, formerly of 
Brad well Lodge, Essex, Eng. 
Called to the Bar U. C. Hilary 
Term, 1846. Is Chief Commis- 
sioner of the Canada Company, 
President of the Western Canada 
Loan Company and Vice- President of the North American Life Assur- 
ance Company. Is Lieut.-Colonel of the Regimental Division of East 
Toronto, Chancellor of the University of Trinity College and a D.C.L. 
of the same institution. Honorary President of the Ontario Society of 
Artists and President of the Council of the Ontario School of Art. Is 
a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and Member of the Zoolo- 
gical Society of England. Is President of the Upper Canada Bible So- 
ciety. Was Mayor of Toronto in 1855. Sat for York Div. in the Legis- 
lative Council from 1858 until Confederation. Was speaker of the Senate 
March 17, 1888, until Feby., 1891. Appointed a member of the Privy 
Council for Canada May 30, 1891. A Conservative. Moss Park, Toronto. 



LIEUT. COL. HON. J. F. ARMAND 

(Repentigny.) 

The Hon. Joseph Francois Ar- 
mand was born at Riviere des 
Prairies, P.Q., December 14, 1820. 
He is of French descent, his 
grandfather being a Royalist. He 
is a son of Lieut.-Col. FYancois Ar- 
mand and Marie Louise Vincent. 
He was educated at the St. Hya- 
cinthe College. He was married in 
1855 to Alphonsine, daughter of 
the late Amable Simard, Esq., 
M.D. He is Lieut.-Col. of the i6th 
Batt. Montreal Militia. He sat for 
Alma division in the Legislative 
Council of Canada from 1859 until 
the time of the Union. Called to the Senate by Royal Proclamation in 
May, 1867. A Conservative. Riviere des Prairies, Q. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 






HON. W. J. ALMON, M.D. 

(Halifax.) 

The Hon. Wm. Johnson Almon 
was born in Halifax, January 27, 
1816. He is the son of the late 
Hon. Wm. Almon, M.D., and is a 
grandson of Wm. James Almon, 
assistant surgeon of the Royal Ar- 
tillery in New York in 1776. He 
was educated at King's College, 
Windsor, and received the degree 
of B.A. in 1834. also studied medi- 
cine in the Universities of Edin- 
burgh and Glasgow, and graduated 
an M.D at the latter University in 
1838. Is a trustee of the N. S. 
Building Society, also a Governor 
of King's College, Windsor, and 
is Consulting Physician to the Halifax Hospital and Dispensary. Married 
in 1840 to Elizabeth Lichtenstein, daughter of late Judge Ritchie, of 
Annapolis, N.S. Has held the offices of President of Halifax Club and 
Surgeon of the Halifax Field Battery of Artillery. Was elected to the 
Commons for Halifax County in 1872. Appointed to the Senate April 
15, 1879. A Conservative. Halifax, N.S. 




HON. G. T. BA1RD. 

(Victoria.) 

The Hon. George Thomas Baird 
was born at Andover, N.B., No- 
vember 3, 1847. He is the eldest 
son of George Baird, and is of 
Scotch descent. He was educated 
at Carleton County Grammar 
School. He was married Novem- 
ber 12, 1879, to Ida T., daughter 
of Captain D. W. Sadler, of St. 
John, N.B. He held a first class 
certificate from the Normal School 
of New Brunswick, and for six 
years he taught a Superior School 
and was also Postmaster from 1878 
until 1882. He has been engaged 

in a successful business as a lumber merchant and general dealer at Perth 
Centre, N.B., since the year 1874. He was first elected to the New Bruns- 
wick Legislature in 1884. He was appointed to the Legislative Council 
of that Province on April n, 1891, and continued to sit in the House 
until its abolition. At the general election held in 1892 he was again elect- 
ed to the local House, where he sat until he was called to the Senate, 
June 19, 1895. A Conservative. Perth Centre, N.B. 




PERSONNEL, OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



57 




HON. G. B. BAKER, M.A., Q.C. 
(Bedford.) 

The Hon. George Bernard Baker 
was born at Dunham, Q., January 
26, 1834, and is the third son of 
the late William Baker, Esq., who 
sat for Missisquoi in the Lower 
Canada Assembly from 1834 until 
1837. Was educated at the Uni- 
versity of Bishop's College, Len- 
noxville, graduating in 1855. Is 
a trustee of the University of 
Bishop's College. He married in 
1860 Jane Percival, eldest daughter 
of Peter Cowan, Esq., of Cowans- 
ville. Held a seat in the Executive 
Council, and was Solicitor-General 
of Quebec from January 27, 1876, until March 12, 1878, Held his seat 
in the Commons from July, 1870, until 1874, when he resigned. At the 
general elections of 1878 and 1882 he was re-elected to the Commons; 
defeated in 1887 and at by-election in 1888, and re-elected in 1891, sitting 
until January 7, 1896, when he was appointed to the Senate. A Conserva- 
tive. Sweetsburg, Q. 




HON. JOSEPH BOLDUC. 

(Lauzon.) 

The Hon. Joseph Bolduc was 
born at St. Francois de la Beauce, 
June 22, 1847. He is the son of 
Captain A. Bolduc, a descendant 
of Louis Bolduc, who came to 
Canada in 1668 as the Procureur 
du Rot. He was educated at Ste. 
Marie College and at Laval Uni- 
versity. Was married in October, 
1873, to Miss M. G. A. Mathieu, 
at St. Francois. Ts engaged in 
business as a lumber merchant, and 
a notary by profession. He has 

been Warden of the County of 

Beauce, and Mayor of the Parish 

in which he resides ; also President of the School Trustees, director of the 
county Agricultural Association, and also of the Levis and Kennebec 
Railway. Has been successful in the promoting of the Tring & Megantic 
Railway, which affords Quebec and Levis the shortest route to the Maritime 
Provinces and New England. He represented Beauce from October, 1876, 
to October, 1884, when he was called to the Senate. A Conservative. 
St. Victor de Tring, Q. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. J. H. BELLEROSE. 

(DeLanaudiere.) 

Hon. Joseph Hyacinthe Belle- 
rose was born at Three Rivers, P. Q., 
July 12, 1820, and educated at the 
Colleges of Nicolet and St. Hya- 
cinthe. He was married in 1847 to 
a daughter of Lieut-Col. Armand. 
Holds the rank of Lieut-Col, com- 
manding Laval Reserve Militia. 
In 1859 he was commander of the 
whole force in Military District No. 
8. In 1858 Sir E. W. Head, then 
Governor-General, offered him, by 
desire of Her Majesty the Queen, a 

captaincy in the looth, or "Prince 

of Wales Royal Canadian Regi- 
ment," which he accepted, but shortly afterwards, for private reasons, he 
resigned. After the death of Sir George E. Cartier he was offered a port- 
folio in the Cabinet but declined. He represented Laval in the Canadian 
Assembly from 1863 until the Union, and from that event in the 
Dominion Parliament until called to the Senate, October 16, 1873. He 
also represented Laval in the Quebec Assembly from the Union until the 
general elections of 1875, when he retired. During the whole of that 
period he was Chairman of the Contingent Committee, and is credited 
with having effected great reductions in the House expenditure. A 
Conservative. St. Vincent de Paul, Q. 




HON. JOHN DOBSON. 

(Lindsay.) 

The Hon. John Dobson was 
: born in the County of Fermanagh, 
Ireland, September 8, 1824, and is 
the son of John Dobson and Mary 
Henry. He was educated at the 
Public Schools. After residing in 
Toronto for a few years he removed 
to Lindsay. He was elected Mayor 
of Lindsay by acclamation in 1873, 
and also to the office of President 
of the Board of Trade. He has 
been President of the South Vic- 
toria Agricultural Society and 
Chairman of the School Board for 
several years. He was also Pres- 
ident of the South Victoria Conservative Association for over 25 years. He 
was called to the Senate, February 23, 1892. A Conservative, pure and 
simple. Lindsay, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



59 




HON. LIEUT.-COL. C. A. BOULTON. 

(Marquette.) 

The Hon. Lieut.-Col. Charles 
Arkel Boulton was born at Co- 
bourg, Ont., April 17, 1841. He is 
the son of Col. D'Arcy Boulton, of 
the 4th Regiment Prince of Wales 
Canadian Dragoons, who married 
Emily Heath, daughter of Briga- 
dier-General Heath, of the Hon. 
East India Company's service, in 
1839. He was educated at the 
Upper Canada College, Toronto. 
He is by occupation a farmer. He 
was an officer of H. M. looth Regi- 
ment from 1858 to 1868, and 
Major of the 46th Batt. East Dur- 
ham from 1868 to 1 88 1. He held the offices of Reeve of Lakefield, Ont., 
Warden of the County of Russell, Man., and Registrar of the United 
Counties of Shoal Lake and Russell. He was a candidate in Marquette, 
Manitoba, in the general elections of 1887, but was defeated by 58 in a 
poll of 4,500 votes. He accompanied the surveying party under Surveyor- 
General Dennis to the Northwest in 1869. He was present in the Selkirk 
settlement during the troubles of 1869-1870, and was imprisoned with the 
party in Fort Garry, February 19, 1870, as they were returning to their 
homes after effecting the release of the prisoners who were taken in Dr. 
Schultz's house on December 6. He was imprisoned and sentenced to be 
shot, but was reprieved at the solicitation of Sir Donald A. Smith and 
Archdeacon McLean, and was released March 20 with the rest of the 
prisoners after the arrival of Archbishop Tache. Commanded Boulton's 
Scouts during the Rebellion of 1885, in the North West Field Force, 
under General Sir Fred. Middleton. Lieut.-Col. Boulton was one of the 
Military Contingent which represented Canada at the Diamond Jubilee 
of Queen Victoria, and took part with the Canadian Contingent force in 
the notable procession that accompanied Her Majesty to St. Paul's 
Cathedral. He was appointed by Sir John Macdonald as a member of 
the Canadian Parliament in the Senate, December 10, 1889. A Liberal- 
Conservative and Free Trader. Shellmouth, Man. 



60 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 




HON. LIEUT. COL. SIR M. BOWELL, K.C.M.G. 

(Hastings.) 



PERSONNEL OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 6 1 



Was born at Rickinghall, Suffolk, England, December 27, 1823. Came 
to Canada with his parents, 1833. Married, Dec., 1847, Harriet Louisa, 
eldest daughter of the late J. G. Moore, Esq., of Belleville. Was a Major 
49th Batt. of Volunteer Rifles, and served upon the frontier during the 
American Rebellion in 1864, and in 1866, during the Fenian troubles ; 
retired as Lieut.-Col. Has been Vice-President of the Dominion Editors' 
and Reporters' Association ; Vice-President of the Agricultural and Arts 
Association of Ontario, and President of the Belleville & North Hastings 
Railway. Was Editor and Proprietor of the Belleville Daily and Weekly 
Intelligencer newspaper for a lengthened period ; and has also been Presi- 
dent of the Ontario Press Association. Held the Chairmanship of the 
Board of School Trustees, Belleville, for eleven years, and was for eight 
years Right Worshipful Grand Master of the Provincial Grand Orange 
Lodge of Ontario East. Elected Most Worshipful Grand Master and 
Sovereign of the Orange Association of B. A., 1870 an office he continued 
to hold until he resigned in 1878. Was President of the Tri-Annual 
Council of the Orange Association of the World. Moved the resolution for 
the expulsion of Louis Riel from the Commons, which was carried April 
1 6, 1874. Was a special Commissioner to Australia, in 1893, for the 
promotion of closer trade relations between Canada and that country ; a 
member of and Chairman of the Colonial Conference, held in Ottawa in 
1894, and Commissioner for Canada in the Pacific Cable Conference held 
in London, 1896. Created K.C.M.G., Jan. i, 1895. Sworn of the Privy 
Council and appointed Minister of Customs, Oct. 19, 1878, and held that 
office until the death of the Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, 
June 6, 1891. Was also Minister of Customs in the Administration of Sir 
John Abbott, from June 16, 1891, to Jan. 24. 1892, when he was 
transferred to the Dept. of Militia and Defence, where he continued until 
the resignation of Sir John Abbott, Nov. 24, 1892. On the creation of 
the new Department of Trade and Commerce, he was entrusted with the 
organization of that Department and accepted that portfolio in the Ad- 
ministration of Sir John Thompson, Dec. 5, 1892. Was Leader for the 
Government in the Senate until the death of Sir John Thompson, when 
he formed an Administration, and became Prime Minister, Dec. 13, 1894, 
and President of the Council, Dec. 21, 1894. Resigned, April 27, 
1896. Is now Leader of the Opposition in the Senate. Sat in the 
House of Commons from 1867 to 1892. Resigned his seat in the Com- 
mons, and was called to the Senate, Dec. 5, 1892. A Conservative. 
Belleville, O. 



62 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



HON. C. E. BOUCHER de BOUCHER- 
VILLE, M.D., C.M.G. 

(Montarville.) 

The Hon. Chas. Eugene Boucher 
de Boucherville was born at Bou- 
cherville, Que., May 4, 1822. He 
is the son of the late Hon. P. 
Boucher de Boucherville. He was 
educated at St. Sulpice College, 
Montreal, and afterwards at Paris. 
He married, first, Suzanne, daugh- 
ter of R. L. Morrough, Esq., of 
Montreal, and, second, Miss C. 
Lussier, of Varennes. He sat for 
Chambly in the Assembly from 
1 86 1 until the time of the Union. 
Is a member of the Legislative 
Council, Quebec. He became Premier, Secretary, Registrar, and Minister 
of Public Instruction in September, 1874, and in January, 1876, he was 
removed to the Department of Agriculture and Public Works. In 1878 
he was dismissed by Lieut.-Governor Letellier de St. Just. In December, 
1891, he was again made Premier, and continued in that office until 
December, 1892, and then resigned. He was created a C.M.G. in May, 
1894. He was appointed to the Senate in February, 1879. A Conser- 
vative. Boucherville, Q. 




HON. L. J. FORGET. 

(Sorel.) 

The Hon. Louis Joseph Forget 
was born at Terrebonne, March 
11,1853. His ancestors originally 
came to Canada from Normandy, 
in France, about 1600. He was 
educated at Masson College. He 
was married, May 2, 1870, to 
Marie Raymond, of Montreal. 
He is in business as a banker 
and stock broker. He is also 
President of the Street Railway 
Company, the Richelieu & On- 
tario Navigation Company, and 
the Montreal Stock Exchange, and 
he holds the office of Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Board of Governors of 
the Senate in June, 1896. A Conservative. Montreal. 




Laval University. He was called to 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. G. A. DRUMMOND, 

(Kennebec.) 

Hon. George Alexander Drum- 
mond was born at Edinburgh,. 
Scotland, in 1829, and was edu- 
cated at the famous High School 
and equally famous University of 
that city. He came to Montreal 
in 1854, and was married three 
years later to a daughter of the 
late John Redpath, Esq., after 
whose death he again married, this 
time to Miss Grace Julia Hamilton, 
a daughter of the late A. Davidson* 
Parker, Esq. Hon. Mr. . Drum- 
mond is not at present in business, 
but is extensively interested in a 
large number of important financial and commercial institutions and 
manufacturing and mining companies. At present he r is Vice-President of 
the Bank of Montreal, President of the Art Association of Montreal, in 
which he takes a warm interest, and is a liberal patron of the fine arts. 
Mr. Drummond is also an ex-President of the Board of Trade. He was 
called to the Senate, December i, 1888. A Conservative. Montreal. 




HON, R. B. DICKEY, Q.C- 

(Amherst.) 

The Hon. Robert Barry Dickey 
was born at Amherst, Nova Scotia, 
November 10, 1811, and is the 
only son of the late R. M. Dickey, 
M.P. for Cumberland County 
for 1 6 years. He was educated at 
the Windsor Academy. He mar- 
ried in October, 1844, Mary Blair, 
third daughter of the late Hon. 
Alexander Stewart, C.B. He was 
called to the Bar of Nova Scotia in 
January, 1834, and to that of New 
Brunswick in 1835, and was ap- 
pointed a Q.C. in 1863. He has 
since retired from active practice. 
In 1858 and 1865 he was one of the delegates from the Nova Scotia 
Government to England in the matter of the Intercolonial Railway and 
Federation, and in 1864 to the Charlottetown and Quebec Union Con- 
ference. He was Consular Agent for the United States at Amherst, and has 
also been a director of the NovajScotia Electric Telegraph Co. He was a 
member of the Legislative Council of Nova Scotia from 1858 to the time 
of the Union. He was appointed to the Senate by Royal Proclamation 
in May, 1867. A Conservative. Amherst, N.S. 




6 4 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. T. A. BERNIER. 

(St. Boniface.) 

The Hon. Thomas Alfred 
Bernier was born at St. George de 
Henry ville, County of Iberville, 
P.Q., August 15, 1844 He is of 
French descent, and is the son of 
the late Thomas Bernier and Julia 
Letourneau. Was educated at the 
College of St. Hyacinthe, P.Q. He 
was married in August, 1871, to 
Julia Malvina, daughter of A. I. 
Demers, of Henryville. He was 
then engaged in journalism. Is by 
profession an advocate, and prac- 
tised for some years in St. John 
dTberville, P.Q., and subsequently, 
in 1880, he removed to Manitoba. He was Superintendent of Education 
for the Catholic schools in Manitoba from 1881 to 1890, when the 
Catholic schools were abolished. Registrar of the University of Manitoba 
from 1 88 1 to 1893. A member of the Executive Committee of the Provin- 
' cial Agricultural Board, and Chairman of the Eastern Judicial District 
Board. Has been Mayor of St. Boniface ; Commissioner to revise the 
municipal law, also Commissioner to enquire into the working of the law 
in connection with the sale of half breed lands, and president of various 
societies. Appointed to the Senate in October, 1892, where he is cham- 
pioning the cause of the minority on the Manitoba school question. A 
Conservative. St. Boniface, Man. 




HON. G. G. KING. 

The Hon. George Gerald King 
was born at Springfield, King's 
County, N. B., December n, 1836, 
and is the son of Malcom King, of 
Fintry, Scotland, and of Elizabeth 
Hickson, of Miltown, Ireland. He 
was educated at Springfield. Was 
married on October 23, 1860, to 
Esther, daughter of Ebenezer 
Briggs. By occupation a lumber 
merchant. Was Warden of Queen's 
-County in 1877. Sat in the House 
of Commons from 1878 until 1886. 
At the last election mentioned, he 
received a majority of the votes, 
"but lost his seat through the action 
of the Returning Officer. Re-elected at tire general elections of 1891 and 
.also of 1896. Called to the Senate in December, 1896. A Liberal. 
Chipman, N. B. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. SIR JOHN CARLING, 
P.O., K.C.M.G. 

The Hon. Sir John Carling was 
born in the Township of London, 
County of Middlesex, January 23, 
1828. He is the youngest son of 
the late Thomas Carling, Esq., of 
London, Ont. He was educated 
at the common schools. He was 
married to a daughter of the late 
Henry Dalton, Esq., of London, 
September 4, 1849. He is a Direc- 
tor and President of the firm of 
Carling & Co., brewers. He was a 
member of the London City Coun- 
cil from 1854 to 1858. He repre- 
sented London in the old Parlia- 
ment of Upper and Lower Canada from 1857 to 1867. In 1862 was a 
member of the Government as Receiver-General. Was Commissioner of 
Agriculture and Public Works from 1867 to 1871, and held a seat as a 
member of the Legislature until 1872. He held a seat in the Commons to 
1874, and was re-elected in 1878. He was sworn in Postmaster General 
and Member of the Privy Council in 1882, until 1885, when he became 
Minister of Agriculture, and continued so until 1892. He was appointed 
Senator in 1891, but resigned in 1892, and re-elected to the Commons, and 
sat there until 1896, when he was again called to the Senate. He was 
created a K.C.M.G. in 1893. A Liberal-Conservative. London, O. 




HON. M. H. COCHRANE. 

(Wellington.) 

The Hon. Matthew Henry Coch- 
rane was born at Compton, Nov. 
11, 1823. He is of Irish descent, 
the family having come from the 
North of Ireland, and is the son of 
Mr. James Cochranc, a Quebec mer- 
chant. He is extensively engaged 
as a cattle importer and breeder. 
He was formerly a member of the 
firm of Cochrane, Cassils & Co. 
of Montreal, He is a trustee of the 
Lennoxville University, and holds 
several other public offices, such as 
Director of the Eastern Townships 
Bank, and of the Waterloo and 
Magog Railway Co , President of the Cochrane Ranch Co., the British 
American Ranch Co., and the Bigelow Heel Co, He was appointed to 
the Senate in October, 1872. A Conservative. Hilllmrst Station, Q. 

5 




66 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. DAVID WARK. 

(Fredericton.) 

The Hon. David Wark was born 
in the vicinity of Londonderry, 
Ireland, February 19, 1804. He 
is of Scotch descent, both of his 
parents having come from Scottish 
families that settled in Ulster about 
the 1 7th century. He came to New 
Brunswick in 1825. He married 
Annie Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac 
Burpee, Esq., of Sunbury, N.S. He 
is a retired merchant. He is a 
member of the Senate of the Uni- 
versity of New Brunswick. From 
1858 until 1862 he was a member 
of the Executive Council of New 
Brunswick, and was also Receiver-General, which office he resigned on 
taking his seat in the Senate in 1867. He sat in the New Brunswick 
Assembly, for the County of Kent, from 1843 until 1851, when he was 
appointed to the Legislative Council of that Province, in which body he 
remained until the time of the Union. In May, 1867, he was called to the 
Senate by Royal Proclamation. A Liberal. Fredericton, N.B. 




HON. P. A. DEBLOIS. 

(LaSalle.; 

The Hon. P. A. DeBlois was 
born in the city of Quebec, Octo- 
ber 15, 1815. He is engaged in 
business as a farmer. He was 
married to Miss Genevieve Lefeb- 
vre. He formerly did business as 
a merchant in Quebec. He has 
held the office of Mayor of the 
Parish of Beauport. He is an 
uncle of Hon. Sir A. P. Caron, 
M.P. Was called to the Senate. 
February 13, 1883. A Conserva- 
tive. Mastai, Q. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



67 



HON. GEO. A. COX. 

(Saugeen.) 

The Hon. George Albertus Cox 
was born in Colborne, Northum- 
berland County, Ont., May 7, 1840, 
and is of English parentage. He 
was educated at the public and 
grammar schools there. In 1856, 
he was appointed operator for the 
Montreal Telegraph Company at 
Colborne, and in 1858, he removed 
to Peterborough to take a similar 
position with that Company. He 
married in May, 1862, the second 
daughter of the late Daniel Hop- 
kins, of Peterborough. From 1858 
until 1871, he was actively engaged 
in the life and fire insurance and real estate business in Peterborough, and 
in the latter year he was appointed President and General Manager of the 
Midland Railway of Canada, which position he retained until the road 
became part of the G.T. R. in 1884. He is at the present time President 
of the following Institutions : Canadian Bank of Commerce, Central 
Canada Loan & Savings Company, Western Assurance Company, British 
America Assurance Company, and is also a Director of the Canada Life 
Assurance Company, Toronto General Trusts Company, Canadian General 
Electric Company, and various other financial and industrial institutions. 
He was Mayor of Peterborough for several years. In 1871, he was elected 
for West Peterborough in the Commons, but the election being declared 
void, a new one was held and he was defeated by a majority of one. He 
was appointed to the Senate in November, 1896. A Liberal. Toronto, O. 




HON. JAMES DEVER. 
(St. John.) 

The Hon. James Dever was 
born at Ballyshannon, Ireland, 
May 2, 1825. Came to New 
Brunswick, with his parents, and 
settled at St. John, and became 
possessed of property. Was ap- 
pointed to the Senate, March 14, 
1868. Married Margaret Morris, 
November 25, 1853. There are 
nine children by this marriage. 
A Liberal. St. John, N.B. 




68 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. C. E. CASGRAIN, C.M., M. D. 

(Windsor.) 

Hon. Charles Eusebe Casgrain, 
C.M., M.D., was born in the city 
of Quebec, August 5, 1825, and 
both on his father's and his moth- 
er's side is descended from old and 
distinguished French ancestry. His 
father was the late Hon. Chas. E. 
Casgrain. a lawyer in Quebec, who 
represented Cornwallis in the 
Lower Canada Assembly from 
1830 to 1834, was a member of the 
Special Council of Lower Canada 
from 1838 to 1840. and at the time 
of his death held the office of 
Assistant Commissioner of Public 
Works. His mother was Anne Elizabeth, daughter of the late Hon. 
James Baby, at one time Speaker of the Legislative Council of Upper 
Canada, The subject of our sketch received a classical education at the 
College of Ste. Anne's, Quebec, afterwards taking a complete medical 
course at McGill University, Montreal, where he graduated in 1851 as 
Master of Surgery and Doctor of Medicine. In the course of the same 
year he began the practice of his profession in Detroit, where he remained 
until 1856, when, at the request of the people of Sandwich and Windsor, 
he removed to the latter place and took up his permanent residence. 
Shortly afterwards he was appointed Coroner and Jail Surgeon for the 
County of Essex. During all these years Mr. Casgrain has lived an 
energetic and useful life, and in every way has proved himself a good 
citizen. On the formation of the Essex Battalion in 1860, he was 
gazetted Captain of the Sandwich Company, and subsequently was sur- 
geon to the troops at Windsor, during the Fenian raids of 1861-64. He 
served for three years as a Member of the Municipal Council, and for the 
period of eighteen years he was a Member of the Board of Education. He 
was elected first President of the St. Jean Baptiste Society of Essex in 
1864, and has always taken an active interest in its welfare and success. 
In 1883 he held the office of general president of all the French Canadian 
societies in the County, and as such presided at the great Convention 
held under their auspices in Windsor during that year. Politically, Mr. 
Casgrain is a Conservative, and for many years has taken an active share 
in political contests, but, though often urged to place himself in the field 
as a candidate for political honours, he was obliged to decline, owing to 
the pressure of his professional duties. On January 12, 1887, he was 
called to the Senate, being the first French Canadian Senator from the 
Province of Ontario. In 1883, he was created a Knight of the Order of the 
Holy Sepulchre. He has been twice married: first, in 1851, to Charlotte 
Mary Chase, daughter of Thomas Chase, of Detroit, Michigan, formerly of 
Quebec ; second, to Mary Ann Dougall, daughter of R. P. Street, formerly 
of Hamilton, Out., now residing at Highland Park, Illinois. Windsor, Ont. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



6 9 




HON. RAOUL DANDURAND- 
(DeLoiimier Division.) 

The Hon. Raoul Dandurand was 
born in Montreal, November 4, 
1861, his father being the late 
CEdipe Dandurand, merchant 
there, and was educated at the 
Montreal College. He received 
his legal training in the office of 
his cousin, the late Joseph Doutre, 
Q.C. In his practice at the Bar, 
Mr. Dandurand early attained an 
enviable position, and at the pre- 
sent time is head of the well-known 
firm of Dandurand, Brodeur & 
Boyer. He has taken an active 
part in politics, and at the last 
four general elections was the chief organizer of the Liberal Party in 
the district of Montreal, a position which required great tact and energy. 
He has been President of the Club National, and in 1891, for services ren- 
dered France, was created a Knight of the Legion of Honor. In conjunc- 
tion with Mr. Charles Lanctot, Senator Dandurand is author of a "Treat- 
ise on Criminal Law" and a "Manual for Justices of the Peace." In 1886, 
Mr. Dandurand married Miss Josephine Marchand, a daughter of the 
present Premier of the Province of Quebec. Madame Dandurand is an 
authoress of some repute, a laureate of the Royal Society and Vice-Presi- 
dent of the National Council of Women. A Liberal. Montreal. 



HON. JOHN LOVITT. 

(Yarmouth. ) 

The Hon. John Lovitt was born 
at Yarmouth, N.S., October 9, 
1832, and is the eldest son of the 
late John W. Lovitt. He was 
educated at the Academy there. 
He married in January, 1860, 
Elizabeth, second daughter of the 
late Robert Guest. He is by occu- 
pation a master mariner and ship- 
owner, and is also a director of the 
Bank of Yarmouth. He repre- 
sented Yarmouth in the House of 
Assembly of Nova Scotia from 
1874 to 1878. He held a seat in 
the House of Commons from 1887 
until 1891. He was called to the Senate, March 29, 1897. A Liberal, 
Yarmouth, N.S. 




7 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. D. FERGUSON, P.O. 

(Queen's.) 

The Hon. Donald Ferguson was 

D 

born at East River, Lot 34, P.E.L 
His grandparents came from 
Blair, in Athol, Perthshire, Scot- 
land, in 1806. He was educated at 
the Public Schools and also by 
private tuition. He is by occupa- 
tion a farmer. He has been a J.P. 
since 1 87 1 . He was Collector of In- 
land Revenue for Charlottetown in 
1873. He was elected to the Pro- 
vincial Legislature for Cardigan 
District by acclamation in 1878, 
and again in 1879, when he accept- 
ed a seat in the Sullivan Adminis- 
tration with the Department of Public Works. He became Commissioner 
of Public Lands and Provincial Secretary in 1880, and held those offices 
until 1890. He was elected for the Fort Augustus District in 1882, 1886, 
1887 and 1890. He resigned from the Provincial Legislature and Govern- 
ment in 1 89 1, and ran for Queen's County in the Commons, but was defeated. 
He accepted a seat in Sir Mackenzie Bowell's Cabinet in December, 1894, 
without portfolio, and was Minister of Agriculture in Jan., 1 896, and also held 
a seat in Sir Charles Tupper's Cabinet until its resignation in July, 1896. 
He was called to the Senate, September, 1893. A Liberal-Conservative. 
Tulloch, near Charlottetown, P.E.I. 





HON. J. A. LOUGHEED. 

(Calgary.) 

The Hon. James Alexander 
Lougheed was born in Brampton, 
County of Peel, Ont., September 
i, 1854, but resided in Toronto 
until 1882. He married in Sep- 
tember, 1884, the eldest daugh- 
ter of the late William Har- 
disty, Chief Factor of the Hon 
Hudson's Bay Company. He was 
appointed a Q.C. by the Dominion 
Government in 1889. He studied 
law in Toronto, and practised there 
for a short time, but in 1882, re- 
moved to the North-West and 
settled in Calgary, N.W.T., where 
he has since been engaged in active legal practice. Appointed to the Senate 
on December 10, 1889. A Liberal-Conservative Calgary, N. W. T. 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. A. C. P. R. LANDRY, K.C.G.G. 

(Stadacona.) 

The Hon. Auguste Charles Phi- 
lippe Robert Landry, A.B., was 
born at Quebec, January 15, 1846. 
He is the son of the late Dr. J. 
K. Landry, of Quebec, and Caro- 
line Lelievre. He was educated 
at the Seminary of Quebec and 
at St. Ann's Agricultural Col- 
lege. He received the degree of 
B.A. at the Seminary of Quebec. 
He married, October 6, 1868, 
Wilhelmina, daughter of the late 
Ktienne Couture, of St. Gervais. 
He is by occupation a gentleman 
farmer. He is Lieut.-Col. of the 
6ist Batt, of Montmagny and L'Islet, and A. D. C. to His Excellency 
the Governor-General. He is Mayor of Limoilou. He is President of 
the Council of Agriculture of Quebec. He is Knight Commander of the 
Order of St. Gregory the Great, and Knight Commander of the Military 
Order of the Holy Sepulchre. He is a member of the Bibliographical So- 
ciety of Paris. He was one of the Commissioners of the Province of Quebec 
to the Chicago Exhibition. He was first elected to the Quebec Legislative 
Assembly, for the County of Montmagny, at the general elections of 1875. 
He was elected to the Commons at the general elections of 1878 and 1882. 
Was called to the Senate, February 23. 1892, A Conservative. Mastai, Q. 




HON. J. D. LEWIN. 

(St. John.) 

The Hon. James Davies Levvin 
was born at Womaston, Radnor- 
shire, April i, 1812, and is a des- 
cendent of the Lewins of the same 
place. He was educated at the 
Kingston Grammar School, Wales. 
He was married in 1832 to Sarah 
Ann, daughter of the late Sher- 
riff Clarke, New Brunswick, who 
was a United Empire Loyalist. 
He entered the employ of the 
British Government and was in 
their service when he came to New 
Brunswick in 1830 and continued 
in the office for twenty years. In 
1855 he was elected to the Presidency of the Bank of New Brunswick, and 
still holds that position. He was appointed to the Senate, November 10, 
1876. A Liberal. St. John, N.B. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. L. F. R. MASSON. 

(Mille Isles.) 

The Hon. Louis Francois Rod- 
rique Masson was born at Terre- 
bonne, Que., November 7, 1833, 
and is the son of the late Hon. J. 
Masson. He was educated at 
Georgetown and Worcester, Mass., 
and at St. Hyacinthe College, 
Quebec. He married, first, in 1856, 
Louise Rachel, eldest daughter of 
the late Lieut.-Col. A. Mackenzie, 
and, second, in 1 883, Cecile, daugh- 
ter of Mr. J. H. Burroughs, Pro- 
thonotary, of Quebec. He was 
called to the Bar of Lower Canada 
in 1859. From 1863 to 1868 he 
was Brigade Major of the 8th Military District of Lower Canada and 
served during the Fenian Raids, and. was promoted Lieut.-Col. in 1867. 
He was sworn of the Privy Council, as Minister of Militia and Defence, in 
October, 1878, and resigned in January, 1880, and accepted the portfolio 
of President of the Council, but resigned in November, 1880, on account 
of ill health. He held a seat in the Commons for Terrebonne from 1867 
to 1 882, when he was appointed to the Senate. He was Lieut-Governor 
of the Province of Quebec from November, 1884, to October, 1887, when 
he resigned. In February, 1890, he was again appointed to the Senate. 
A Conservative. Terrebonne Q. 




HON. W. OWENS, JP. 
^Inkerman.) 

The Hon. William Owens was 
born at Stonefield, County of Ar- 
genteuil, May 15, 1840, and is the 
son of Owen Owens, of Denbigh, 
Wales, and Charlotte Lindley, of 
Brantford, Eng. Mr. Owens was 
a Lieut, in the Active Militia, and 
has been Mayor, Councillor and 
Postmaster of the Township of 
Chatham. He was married in 
September, 1890, to Margaret, se- 
cond daughter of Mr. J. Martin, of 
Chicago, who was previously a 
resident of Montreal. He held a 
seat in the Legislative Assembly 
of Quebec from the general elections, 1881, until 1891, when he resigned. He 
was appointed to the Senate, January 2, 1896. A Conservative. Montreal. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



HON. D. MaclNNES. 

(Burlington.) 

The Hon. Donald Maclnnes was 
born at Oban, Argyleshire, Scot- 
land, on May 26, 1824, and came 
to Canada in 1840. He was 
married on April 30, 1863, to 
Mary Amelia, fourth daughter of 
the late Hon. Sir J. B. Robinson, 
Bart. Was for several years one 
of the leading merchants in Can- 
ada. Has been President of the 
Bank of Hamilton and of the 
Canada Cotton Co. of Cornwall,, 
and also of the South Saskatche- 
wan Valley Railway Co., and also 
a Director of the Canada Life As- 
surance Co. He was Chairman of the Royal Commission appointed June 
1 6, 1880, to enquire into the organization of the Civil Service of Canada. 
The recommendations for the reform of the Service contained in the report 
of the Commissioners were embodied in an Act of Parliament, and is the 
Act under which the Service is now administered. He was called to the 
Senate on December 24, 1881. A Liberal-Conservative. Hamilton, O. 




HON. W. J. MACDONALD. 

(Victoria, B.C.) 

The Hon. William John Mac- 
donald was born in the County of 
Inverness, Scotland, November 29, 
1832, and was educated there. He 
is the third son of Major Macdon- 
ald, of Valley, North Uist, and 
Glendale, Isle of Skye. He was 
married March 17, 1857, to Cath- 
erine, second daughter of Capt. J. 
M. Read, of the Hon. H. B. Co.'s 
Service. He was elected Mayor 
of the City of Victoria in 1866 and 
1871. He was a Savings' Bank 
Commissioner, Public School Com- 
missioner, Road Commissioner and 
has held various colonial appointments. He has been Collector of Customs 
in Vancouver Island, and was also a Captain of the Militia. Was a member 
of the Legislative Council and Assembly for two terms. He sat for Sooke 
in Vancouver Island Assembly for several years. Appointed to the Senate, 
December 13, 1871, one of the first Senators on British Columbia entering 
the Dominion. A Liberal-Conservative. Victoria, B.C. 




74 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. J. R. GOWAN, C.M.G., 
LL.D., Q.C. 

(Barrie.) 

The Hon. James Robert Gowan, 
son of Henry Hatton Gowan, was 
born at Cahore, Co. Wexford, 
Ireland, Dec. 22, 1815. The family 
is Milesian, tracing descent from 
one of the Red Branch Knights of 
Ulster. He married in 1854, Anne, 
daughter of Rev. S. B. Ardagh, 
A. M. In 1843 appointed Judge. 
1869, Chairman of the Board 
of Judges for Ontario ; retired 
from Judicial office 1883. General 
services : From 1843 to 1893, 
on G. S. and Collegiate Institute 
Board; from 1844 to 1871, Chair- 
man Board of Public Instruction ; 1857, Associate in framing tariff of fees 
for profession and officers of the Courts ; 1858, one of three Judges 
framing rules under law assimilating Probate and Administration to 
that of England ; 1862, Judicial Umpire on differences between the 
Government and contractors touching erection of Parliamentary Build- 
ings at Ottawa ; 1873, on Royal Commission of Judges to enquire into 
charges against Cabinet Ministers, in connection with C.P.R. contracts; 
1871, on Government Commission as to "fusing law and equity." En- 
gaged in various consolidations of the Statute law, and 1868 and 1869 
consolidation of the Statute law of Upper Canada (from 1792) and of 
Canada ; 1869, of Criminal Law Statutes ; 1879, of the Statutes of Ontario, 
and 1892 co-operated in the work of the Criminal Code. For more than 
30 years, at the instance of law officers of the Crown, under successive 
Governments, rendered voluntary service in Parliamentary and other 
drafting. In 1885 appointed a Senator, and is now a member. For ten 
sessions was Chairman of the Special Committee on Divorce in the 
Senate. Created a C. M. G. in 1893, "on recognition of his valuable 
services in Canada." Ardravcn, Barrie, O. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



75 




HON. L. G. POWER, LL.B. 

(Halifax ) 

The Hon. Lawrence Geoffrey 
Power was born at Halifax, N.S., 
August 9, 1841. He was edu- 
cated at St. Mary's College, Hali- 
fax, Carlow College, The Catholic 
'University, Ireland, and Harvard 
Law School, Cambridge, Mass., 
where he received the degree of 
LL.B. in 1866. Was married 
June 23, 1880, to Susan, daughter 
of Mr. M. O'Leary, of West 
Quoddy. He was admitted to the 
Bar in 1866. He was an alder- 
man of the City of Halifax for six 
years, and was a member of the 

Board of School Commissioners for thirteen years. Is a member of the 
Senate of the University of Halifax. He was actively engaged in the 
preparation of the Revised Statutes of Nova Scotia, 4th Series, 1874, and 
Laws and Ordinances relating to the City of Halifax, 1 876. Is the author 
of a pamphlet, "*The Manitoba School Question, from the point of view of 
a Catholic Member," and has been an occasional contributor to magazines 
and a frequent one to newspapers. He was called to the Senate February 
2, 1877. A Reformer. Halifax, N.S. 



HON. W. MILLER, Q.C., P.G. 

(Richmond.) 

The Hon. William Miller was 
born at Antigonish,N. S., February 
12, 1834, and is the son of Charles 
Miller of Antigonish, N.S. Was 
educated at St. Andrew's Grammar 
School and Antigonish Academy. 
He married in October, 1871, Anne, 
daughter of the late Hon. James 
Cochrane, of Halifax, N.S. He was 
called to the Bar of N.S. in 1860, 
and was appointed Q.C. in 1872. 
He sat in the N.S. Assembly from 
1863 until the time of the Union. 
Mr. Miller has been chairman of 
the Select Joint Committee of both 
Houses on the codification of the Criminal Laws which reported the present 
Criminal Code. He was appointed to the Senate by Royal Proclamation 
in 1867, and was Speaker from 1883 to 1887. In 1891 he was appointed 
a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada. A Conservative. 
Arichat, N.S. 




7 6 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. LIEUT.-COL. A. W. OGILVIE, 
J.P. 

(Alma.) 

The Hon. Alexander 'Walker 
Ogilvie was born at Cote" St. Mi- 
chel, Que., May 7, 1829. He is of 
Scotch descent, his parents having 
come to Canada in 1800, his father 
serving in the War of 1812, and 
also as a Volunteer Cavalry Officer 
during the Rebellion in 1837. He 
was educated in Montreal. He was 
married to Sarah, daughter of 
William Leney, Esq. Founded 
the firm of A. W. Ogilvie & Co., 
proprietors of the Glenora Mills, 
Montreal, in 1854. Is on the 

retired list as Lieut.-Col. of Montreal Cavalry He is Past president of St. 
Andrew's Society, the Widows and Orphans Benevolent Society, and the 
Montreal Turnpike Trust. He is President of the Western Loan & Trust 
Co., President of the St. Michel Road Company, Vice-President of the 
Sun Life Insurance Co., the Montreal Loan & Mortgage Co., and the 
Dominion Burglary Co. Has been a member of the City Councils of 
Montreal and Quebec. Sat in the Quebec Legislative Assembly from 
1867 until 1871, in which year he declined renomination. Was re- 
elected in 1875 and sat until 1878, in which year he resigned. Called 
to the Senate, December, 1881. A Conservative. Montreal. 




HON. E. J. PRICE, D.C.L. 

(Laurentides.) 

The Hon. Evan John Price was 
born at Wolfesfield, in the vicinity 
of Quebec, May 8, 1840. He is 
the fourth son of the late William 
Price, a lumber merchant of Que- 
bec and the Saguenay, and Jane, 
third daughter of the late Charles 
Stewart, Esq., who was Comp- 
troller of the Imperial Customs 
at Quebec, and grandson of Rich- 
ard Price, Esq., of Elstree, Herts, 
Eng. He was educated in England. 
Mr. Price is the only surviving 
partner in the lumbering, manufac- 
turing and exporting company of 

Price Brothers, of Quebec and the Saguenay. He is a^irector of several 1 
commercial companies, and is Vice-President of the Union'Bank of Canada. 
Appointed to the Senate, December I, 1888. ' A,. Conservative. Quebec* 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



77 



HON. JAMES O'BRIEN. 

(Victoria.) 

The Hon. James O'Brien was 
born at Aughnagar, County ot 
Tyrone, Ireland, August 3, 1836. 
He was educated there. He re- 
moved to Canada in 1850, and in 
1858 he started business in the 
wholesale clothing and dry goods 
trade in Montreal. He retired 
from that business in 1893. He is 
a director of the City and District 
Savings Bank, The Royal Victoria 
Life Insurance Company, also a 
member of the Board of Trade. He 
is a Life Governor of the Montreal 
General Hospital, of the Western 
and Notre Dame Hospitals, and is also a trustee of St. Patrick's Orphan 
Asylum, and is a Governor of Laval University. He was one of the foun- 
ders of the Dominion Commercial Travellers' Association. Appointed to 
the Senate, January 2, 1896. A Liberal-Conservative. Montreal. 




HON. JOHN O'DONOHOE.Q.C. 

(Erie) 

The Hon. John O'Donohoe was 
born at Tuam, Galway, April 18, 
1824. He was educated at St. 
Jarlath's College, of the same place. 
In 1839 he emigrated to Toronto, 
where he now resides. He married, 
in 1848, Charlotte Josephine, 
daughter of Dr. Bradley, of Toron- 
to. He was called to the Bar of 
Ontario in 1869, and was appoint- 
ed Q.C. in 1880. He was Secre- 
tary of St. Patrick's Benevolent 
Society at the time the late Hon. 
Robert Baldwin was President, and 
was President for several years 
after Mr. Baldwin's resignation. He is a Captain in the Militia. In April, 
1871, he was elected President of the " Ontario Catholic League." At the 
general elections of 1871 and 1872 he was defeated for East Peterboro in 
the Ontario Assembly, and for Toronto East in the House of Commons. 
He was first elected to the House for Toronto East in 1874, but was 
unseated on petition in November, 1874, and was again defeated. He 
was appointed to the Senate in May, 1872. A Liberal. '1 oronto, O. 




7 8 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. A. A. MACDONALD. 

(Charlottetown.) 

The Hon. Andrew Archibald 
Macdonald was born at Three 
Rivers, P.E.I., February 14, 1829. 
He was educated at the County 
Grammar School and also by a 
private tutor. He was married in 
1863 to Elizabeth, daughter of the 
late Thos. Owen, formerly Provin- 
cial Postmaster-General. He held 
a seat in the House of Assembly 
from 1854 to 1860. In 1863, 
when the Legislative became elec- 
tive, he was elected for King's 
County, 2nd District, in Legisla- 
tive Council, and was re-elected in 

1867. He continued to sit in that body until 1873, when he received the 
appointment of Postmaster-General of the Province. He was a delegate 
to the Charlottetown Conference on the Union of the Lower Provinces in 
1864, and was also a delegate to the Quebec Conference in the same year, 
and to the International Convention at Portland, Me., U.S.A., in 1868. 
He was a member of the Board of Education from 1867 until 1870. He 
was leader of the Government Party in the Legislative Council for several 
years, and was Lieut.-Governor of Prince Edward Island from 188410 
1889. He was appointed to the Senate, May 1 1, 1891. A Liberal-Conser- 
vative. Charlottetown, P.E.I. 




HON. D. MCMILLAN, M.D. 

(Alexandria.) 

The Hon. Donald McMillan was 
born in Glengarry, Ont., March 5, 
1835. He was educated there and 
also by private tuition. In 1865 
he received the degree of M.D. at 
the Victoria University of Toronto. 
He was married November 17, 
1857, to Amy Ann, daughter 
of Amasa Lewis, Esq., J.P., of 
Aylmer, Ont. He has held various 
public offices, such as Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Medical Association of 
Ontario, and for several years was 
a member of the County Council. 
He is now a J. P. and an Associate 
Coroner for Glengarry, and is also an honorary member of the Celtic 
Society of Montreal. He was appointed to the Senate on January n 
1884. A Conservative, Alexandria, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



79' 




HON. J. N. KIRCHHOFFER. 

(Selkirk.) 

The Hon. John Nesbitt Kirch- 
hoffer was born in Ballyromney 
Parish, Co. Cork, Ireland, on May 
5, 1848. His greatgrandfather, 
a member of a Swiss family, was 
surgeon to William, Prince of 
Orange, with whom he went to 
Ireland^ and was present at the 
battle cf the Boyne, where he 
extracted from the Monarch's arm 
a bullet, which is still preserved as 
an heirloom in the family. He is 
a son of the Reverend Richard B. 
Kirchhoffer, Rector of Ballyrom- 
ney Parish, Co. Cork, Ireland. 
He was educated at Marlborough College, one of the great English 
Public Schools, and came to Canada in 1864. Took part in the Fenian- 
Raid troubles in 1866, being Ensign and subsequently Captain of one 
of the Companies of the Port Hope (46th) Batt. Called to the Bar 
Oct., 1871, and practiced law in Port Hope with his uncle, the late 
Nesbitt Kirchhoffer, Q.C. Married, first, Ada, daughter of the late 
Dr. Wm. Smith, of Port Hope, and second, Clara, daughter of the 
late Rev. J. B. Howard, a lady of well-known literary and artistic 
abilities as well as great personal attractions. Moved to Manitoba in 
1883, and was called to the Bar there in 1884. Founded and 
successfully completed the Punn Creek Settlement, now one of the most 
thriving parts of the prairie province. Was successively Reeve and 
Mayor of Souris, and a member of the Western Judicial Board, of which 
he subsequently became Chairman. Sat in the Legislative Assembly of 
Manitoba from 1886 to 1888. Called to the Senate December 16, 1892. 
Was Chairman of the Senate Divorce Committee in 1895 and 1896, and 
of the Senate Contingent Committee in 1897. A Conservative. Brandon. 
Man. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. SAMUEL MERNER. 

(Hamburg.) 

The Hon. Samuel Merner was 
born in Reichenboch, Canton of 
Berne, Switzerland, January 29, 
1823. He is the son of Jacob Mer- 
ner, a farmer of the same place. He 
was educated at Reichenboch, and 
removed to Canada with his par- 
ents in 1837. For several years he 
did business as an iron founder and 
manufacturer of furniture. He was 
married to Mary Anne, daughter 
of Joseph Crasser, of Wilmot, Ont. 
He has been Reeve of New Ham- 
burg for several years, and was 
Warden of Waterloo County in 
1873. He has been engaged for several years in the settling in the Pro- 
vince of all the Swiss people emigrating to Canada. At a by-election held 
in 1877, he was an unsuccessful candidate in the Legislative Assembly for 
South Waterloo. He held a seat for the same constituency in the Com- 
mons from 1878, when he defeated the Hon. James Young, of Gait, to 
1882, when he was defeated. He was appointed to the Senate, January 
12, 1887. A Conservative. New Hamburg, O. 




HON. P. POIRIER, M.A. 

(Acaclie.) 

The Hon. Pascal Poirier was 
born at Shediac, N.B., February, 
15, 1852. He was educated at the 
St. Joseph College, Memramcook, 
N.B. He was married in 1879 to 
Anna Lusignan. He was Post- 
master of the House of Commons 
from 1872 to 1885. Was President 
of a section of the French Canadian 
Institute,Ottawa, in i882and 1883, 
and was also President of the Min- 
eralogical Society of Ottawa Uni- 
versity. He is a barrister of both 
New Brunswick and the Province 
of Quebec. Mr. Poirier is the author 
of " L'Origine des Acadiens," and of various contributions in newspapers 
and reviews. He is now President of " La Societe de 1'Assomption " for 
the Maritime Provinces. Was appointed to the Senate March 9, 1885. 
A Liberal- Conservative. Shediac, N. B. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



8l 




HON. SIR W. H. HINGSTON, K.B., 
M.D., LL.D., D.C.L. 

(Rougemont.) 

The Hon. Sir William Hales 
Kingston was born at Hinchin- 
brook, County of Huntingdon, 
P. Q., June 29, 1829. He is the 
son of the late Lieut.-Col. Kings- 
ton, formerly ot H. M. looth 
Regiment, who afterwards com- 
manded the Militia of the District 
of Beauharnois. He was educated 
at the Montreal College and 
studied medicine at McGill Uni- 
versity, graduating at the latter in 
1851. He then studied in Edin- 
burgh, where he took his surgeon's 
diploma as L.R.C.S.E. He sub- 
sequently received diplomas from the highest scientific bodies in Austria, 
Prussia, Bavaria, France, England and the United States. He is D.C.L. 
of Lennoxville University, and LL.D. of Victoria University. He began 
practice in Montreal in 1853, devoting his time chiefly to surgery. He 
has held the offices of President of the Canadian Medical Association, of 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons of the Province of Quebec, 
several times of the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Montreal, and has been 
Vice-President ot the British Association for the Advancement of Science. 
He was Mayor of Montreal during 1876 and 1877, having been elected the 
first time by a majority often to one, and the second time unanimously. 
During his Mayoralty he organized the Local and Provincial Boards of 
Health which have since done so much service. He has long been a Director 
and is now President of the Montreal City and District Savings Bank. 
He was married in 1875 to Margaret Josephine, daughter of the late Hon. 
D. A. Macdonald, then Lieut.- Governor of Ontario. He was knighted by 
Her Majesty in May, 1895, for distinguished services to Medical Science, 
and was appointed to the Senate, January 2, 1896. A Liberal-Conserva- 
tive. Montreal. 



82 



PERSONNEL OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. DAVID REESOR. 
(King's.) 

The Hon. David Reesor was 
born in the Township of Markham, 
Out, January 18, 1823, and is of 
German descent. He was educa- 
ted in Markham. Mr. Reesor 
was the founder of the Markham 
Economist, and was for several 
years the editor of that paper. He 
was married to Emily, eldest 
daughter of the late D. McDougall, 
Esq., of St. Mary's, Ont., and a sis- 
ter of the Hon. W. McDougall, 
C.B. He was elected to the Legis- 
lative Council for King's from 1860, 
which seat he held until the time 
of the Union, when he was appointed to the Senate for life. He has also 
been Warden of the Counties of York and Peel. He was appointed to the 
Senate by Royal Proclamation in May, 1867. A Liberal. Yorkville, O. 




HON. M. SULLIVAN, M.D. 

(Kingston.) 

The Hon. Michael Sullivan was 
born at Killarney, County of Kerry, 
Ireland, February 13, 1838. Came 
to Canada in 1842, and now resides 
in Kingston. Was educated at the 
Regiopolis College and received the 
degree of M.D. in 1 858, at Queen's 
College. He married in June, 1867, 
Mary Brown of Kingston. He 
served as Purveyor-General during 
the Northwest Rebellion of 1885. 
In 1872 he was appointed Lecturer 
in Anatomy in Queen's College, and 
at the time of the establishment of 
the Royal College of Surgeons and 
Physicians in affiliation with Queen's University, he was appointed Pro- 
fessor of Anatomy. In 1883 he was President of the Medical Association 
of Canada, and has also been Alderman and Mayor of Kingston. He is 
now a Professor of Surgery and Histology, and is a trustee of the Kingston 
Hospital and a member of the Ontario Medical Association. He ran for 
the Commons in 1882 for Kingston, but was defeated. He was appointed 
to the Senate in January, 1885. A Conservative. Kingston, O- 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. THOMAS McKAY. 

(Truro.) 

The Hon. Thomas McKay was 
born in Pictou County, N. S., 
January 8, 1839. He is of Scotch 
descent, and is the son of the late 
William McKay, who emigrated 
from Sutherlandshire, Scotland, 
and settled in the County of Pictou, 
N. S. He was educated in Pictou. 
Married in November, 1868, Jessie 
fourth daughter of the late John 
Blair, of Truro. By occupation a 
merchant. First elected to the 
House of Commons for Colchester, 
at the general elections held in 
1874; was unseated on petition in 

November of the same year. He was re-elected, and sat from December, 
1874, to May, 1 88 1. He was called to the Senate, December 24, 1881. A 
Liberal-Conservative. Truro, N. S. 



HON. WILLIAM McDONALD. 

(Cape Breton.) 

The Hon. William McDonald 
was born at the Settlement of River 
Deny's Road, Inverness County, 
N.S., October 7, 1837, and is of 
Scottish descent. His father, Allan 
McDonald, who emigrated from 
South Uist, Inverness-shire, Scot- 
land, in the early part of the cen- 
tury, settled as a farmer at 
River Deny's. His mother was 
Mary, daughter of William Mc- 
Donald, of Stollegarry, Barra, Scot- 
land, and still living in her 92nd 
year. He was educated at St. 
Francois Xavier College, Antigo- 
nish, N.S. In 1864 he engaged in commercial pursuits, in which he was 
successful. He always took an interest in public matters, and held Mu- 
nicipal, Provincial and Federal offices. He was first elected to the House of 
Commons in 1872. He held the confidence of the people in a marvel- 
lous degree. He was for several years Chairman of the Committee on Im- 
migration and Colonization. In 1884 he was called to the Senate ; he is 
moderate in his political opinions and deprecates extremes. Mr. McDonald 
was married in 1865 to Catherine, daughter of the late Donald McDonald, 
Sydney Forks, by whom he has a family of three sons and three daugh- 
ers. Little Glace Bay, N.S. 




8 4 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. G. C. McKINDSEY. 

(Milton.) 

The Hon. George Crawford Mc- 
Kindsey was born in the Township 
of Trafalgar, County of Halton, 
March 29, 1829. He is of Irish 
descent, and his parents, who were 
both natives of the North of Ire- 
land, came to Canada and settled 
in the County of Halton in 1819. 
He was educated at the Common 
School and also by private tuition. 
He married in October, 1859, 
Teresa Crawford. He has held 
several public offices, such as De- 
puty Sheriff, from July, 1855, until 
October, 1858, and that of Sheriff 
of the County of Halton from October, 1858, until June, 1882 ; also Presi- 
dent of the Agricultural Association of Halton County, He has been a 
Captain in the Militia and a J. P. He was appointed to the Senate in 
January, 1884. A Conservative. Milton, O. 




HON. C. PRIMROSE. 
(Pictou.) 

The Hon. Clarence Primrose 
was born at Pictou, October 5, 
1830. He is the son of the late 
James Primrose, of Pictou, Nova 
Scotia, a banker and merchant, 
and whose father was the Rev. 
John Primrose, of the Parish of 
"Grange", Banffshire, Scotland. He 
was educated at the Pictou Acade- 
my and also at the High School 
and University of Edinburgh, Scot- 
land. He married, June 28, 1858, 
at Pictou, Rachel Carre, daughter 
of the late Henry Carre, Esq., 
merchant, formerly of Guernsey, 
Channel Islands. Is the senior partner of the firm of Primrose Brothers, 
of Pictou, N.S., insurance, lumber and general commission merchants. He 
has been President of the Young Men's Christian Association of Pictou ; 
of the Pictou Marine Railway Company ; the Maritime Marine Insurance 
Company ; the Pictou Publishing Company, and also of the Liberal-Con- 
servative Central Executive Committee. He was appointed to the Senate, 
November 28, 1892. A Liberal-Conservative. Pictou, N.S. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. PETER MCLAREN. 

(Perth.) 

The Hon. Peter McLaren was 
born at Lanark, Ont, September 
21,1833. He comes of loyal British 
stock. Is a son of James McLaren 
who came from Perthshire, Scot- 
land, in 1820, and settled in Lan- 
ark, Ont. Was a lieutenant in 
the Militia when the trouble 
arose in 1837 between the United 
States and Canada. His grand- 
father, Peter McLaren, belonged 
to Lochiel's Highland Regiment, 
and was engaged in the Irish 
rebellion of 1815 He also fought 

r C> 

in Spain. Mr. McLaren was for 
years engaged in the manufacture of sawn lumber and timber, and still 
retains large lumbering interests in the North West. He is also interested 
in large timber areas and iron lands in Virginia. He is married to Sophia, 
daughter of William Lees, and granddaughter of the late Col. Playfair. 
This well-known officer marched afoot with his command from New 
Brunswick to Quebec through a wilderness with from four to six feet of 
snow on the ground, and arrived without the loss of a man. Col. Playfair 
while a member of the old Parliament of Canada, took an active part in 
bringing about the selection of Ottawa as the Capital of Canada, and was 
the first person known to have advocated the construction of a Canadian 
Pacific Railway, having written on the subject to the London press in the 
early fifties in a pamphlet on Colonial defence. -Perth, O. 




HON. H. MONTPLAISIR. 

(Shawenegan ) 

The Hon. Hypolite Montplaisir 
was borne at Cap de la Madeleine, 
Provinceof Quebec, March 7, 1840, 
and is the son of Mr. Paschal 
Montplaisir and Victoire Crevier. 
He was educated at Three Rivers. 
Mr. Montplaisir is extensively en- 
gaged in farming. He has held 
several important offices such as 
Mayor of the Parish and Warden of 
the county for several years and 
Secretary Treasurer of the Schools. 
He was first elected to the House 
of Commons for Champlain at the 
general elections held in 1874, and 
sat until the close of the Sixth Parliament in 1891. Appointed to the 
Senate, Feb. 9, 1891. A Liberal- Conservative. Cap de la Madeleine, Q. 



86 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 







HON. SAMUEL PROWSE. 
(King's, P.E.I.) 

The Hon. Samuel Prowse was 
born in the Royalty of Charlotte- 
town, August 28, 1835, arj d was 
educated at the same place. Is the 
son of the late Mr. William Prowse, 
who removed from Devonshire, 
England, to Prince Edward Island 
in 1823. Was a member of the 
Executive Council from 1 876. until 
1878, and vvasreappointed in 1879. 
Was first elected to the House of 
Assembly at the general election 
in 1867 for King's, 4th District. 
In 1876 he was re-elected for the 
same seat, and accepted a seat in the 
Coalition Government on the School Question. Resigned his seat in the 
Government in 1878, was re-elected in 1879, and accepted a seat in the 
Liberal-Conservative Government. Was re-elected in 1882 and also in 1886. 
He sat in the House of Assembly until 1889. Called to the Senate 
September, 1889. A Liberal-Conservative. Murray Harbour, P.E.I. 



HON. DAVID MACKEEN. 

(Cape Breton.) 

The Hon. David MacKeen was 
born at Mabou, Nova Scotia, 
September 20, 1839. His ances- 
tors emigrated to Canada from 
Ireland and Scotland, and he is 
the son of the late Hon. William 
MacKeen, M.L.C., Nova Scotia. 
He was Treasurer and Agent of 
the Caledonia Coal and Railway 
Company, also Resident Manager 
of the Dominion Coal Co. during 
the first years of its operations in 
fiape Breton. In 1867 he married, 
Crst, Isabel, daughter of the late 
Mr. Henry Poole, of Derby, Eng- 
land, and, second, in 1877, Frances M., daughter of the late William 
Lawson, Esq., of Halifax; third, in 1888, Janie K., daughter of the late 
John Crerar, Esq., of Halifax. Mr MacKeen his held several public 
offices, such as U. S. Consular Agent, Sub-Collector of Customs, Municipal 
Councillor and Warden of Cape Breton County. He was first elected to 
the House of Commons in i8. s -7, and was re-elected in 1891, and held his 
seat until his resignation in January, 1896. Appointed to the Senate, 
Feb. 21, 1896. A Conservative. Cahdonia Mines, Little Glace Bay, N.S. 




PKRSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. JOSIAH WOOD. 

(Westmoreland.) 

The Hon. Josiah Wood, M.A., 
was born on April 18, 1843, m 
Sackville, N.B., being the son 
of Mariner Wood, a merchant of 
Sackville, N.B. He was educated 
at Mount Allison Wesleyan Col- 
lege, Sackville, where he graduated 
in 1863, and in 1866 he received 
the degree of M.A. He married 
on January 14, 1874, Laura S., 
daughter of Thompson Trueman, 
of Sackville. He was called to the 
Bar of New Brunswick in 1866. 
After following that profession for 
a short time, he entered his father's 

business, of which firm he is now the only surviving partner. He is 
largely interested in farming and stock raising, and is also a shipowner. 
He is Treasurer of the Board of Regents of Mount Allison College. He 
unsuccessfully contested Westmoreland for the Legislative Assembly of 
N.B. at the general election held in 1878. He was first elected to Parlia- 
ment at the general election held in 1882, and was re-elected at the 
general elections of 1887 and 1891. He resigned, and was called to the 
Senate on August 5, 1895. A Conservative. Sackville, N.B. 



HON. JOSEPH R. THIBAUDEAU. 
(Rigaud.) 

The Hon. Joseph Rosaire Thi- 
baudeau was born at Cap Sante, 
County of Portneuf. October I, 
1837. He is a descendant of a 
French family which existed in 
the reign of Louis XV, and upon 
the breaking out of the French 
Revolution in 1789, removed to 
Acadia, and subsequently to Lower 
Canada. He was married Decem- 
ber 9, 1873, to Marguerite La- 
Mothe, the eldest daughter of 
Guillaume LaMothe, Esq., former- 
ly Postmaster of Montreal. He 

holds the offices of President of the Royal Electric Company, President 
of the Atlantic and Lake Superior Railway Company, Chairman of the 
Alliance Assurance Company of London, England, Vice-President of the 
Montreal Park and Island Railway Company, Director of Notre Dame 
Hospital, etc. He was appointed Sheriff of Montreal, M.iy 9, 1890. 
Called to the Senate in January, 1878. A Liberal. Montreal. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 




HON. THOMAS TEMPLE. 

(York, N. B.) 

The Hon. Thomas Temple, 
Senator for York, N. B., ex-M. P. 
and ex-Sheriff of the same Coun- 
ty, was born at Bampton, Ox- 
fordshire, England, on November 
4, 1818. He is a son of Charles 
Temple, who came to this coun- 
try in 1832. His father adopt- 
ed the usual occupation of the 
time, farming', and the son helped 
him. At the age of twenty he 
obtained a gift horse from his 
lather, and joined a Company of 
York Light Dragoons under Major 
Wilmot, this Corps having been 
raised "to protect the interests of the Province during the troubles which 
existed between the Colonies and the United States in regard to the 
boundary line between the Province of New Brunswick and the bordering 
State of Maine." It was after this that Mr. Temple, having good fore- 
sight, at once perceived that the lumbering business offered an excellent 
field for enterprise, and embarking in this business he soon had achieved 
so much success that he was enabled to purchase the splendid Poquiock 
Mills. He is now engaged in the lumber business on an extensive scale 
There is no other man to whom the central portion of New Brunswick is 
as much indebted as Mr. Temple. In 1869, in conjunction with Mr. 
Burpee, he be^an the construction of what is known as the Fredericton 
Branch Railway, a road which gave the Capital and the country surround- 
ing it connection with the Western Extension Railway (formerly the 
St. John and Maine Railway), which connects with the great railway 
system. In 1871 it was completed and ready for traffic, and Mr. Temple 
has remained its President since. Mr. Temple is proprietor of the largest 
farm in New Brunswick, situated in Gloucester County, it having an area 
of five hundred and thirty acres. For about twenty years Mr. Temple 
held the position of Sheriff of York. He is a director of the People's 
Bank of Fredericton. Upon the death of John Pickard, in 1884, he con- 
tested York in the interests of the Conservative party, and was success- 
ful, defeating his opponent by 178 votes. In 1887 he was again re-elected 
over Mr. Gregory by a majority of four hundred, and again in 1891 he 
defeated the Hon. F. P. Thompson by a majority of two hundred and 
twenty-seven. He retained his seat until the month of April, 1696, when 
he was called to the Senate. Mr. Temple has made a valuable represen- 
tative, for among the many benefits conferred upon his constituency 
the greatest was his splendid achievement of bridging the St. John 
between Fredericton and St. Mary's. The Canada Eastern Railway, which 
otherwise could not reach Fredericton, attains its entrance over this bridge. 
Mr. Temple married in October, 1840, Susanna, only daughter of Solomon 
Howe, of Maine, and has by this lady five children. Fredericton, N-B. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



8 9 



HON. JAMES REID. 

(Cariboo.) 

The Hon. James Reid was born 
in the Township of Hull, August 
2, 1839, is of Irish descent, and is 
the third son of James and Anna 
Reid, who in 1832 removed from 
the North of Ireland and came to 
Canada, settling in the Township 
of Hull, P.Q. He was educated 
in the common schools. Was mar- 
ried February 14, 1883, to Char- 
lotte, youngest daughter of Nicho- 
las Clarke, of Manotic, Ont. He 
proceeded to British Columbia in 
1862, and is now extensively en- 
gaged in mercantile and mining 
pursuits, and is owner of the Cariboo Flour and Lumber Mills and manager of 
the North British Columbia Navigation Co.'s boats in the Cariboo District ; 
also President of the Quesnelle Quartz Mining Co., Cariboo, and also of 
the Blue Lead Hydraulic Mining Co. He was first elected to the House 
of Commons for Cariboo in March, 1881, and continued to sit until Oc- 
tober, 1888. He was called to the Senate in 1888. A Liberal-Conser- 
vative. Quesnelle, B.C. 




HON. T. ROBITAILLE, M.D., P.O. 

CGulf.) 

The Hon. Theodore Robitaille 
was born at Varennes, P. Q., Janu- 
ary 29, 1834, and died August 17, 
1897. He was the son of the 
late Louis Adolphe Robitaille, 
N.P, He was educated at the 
Model School, at the Seminary of 
St. Therese, at Laval University 
and at the McGill College, Mon- 
treal, where he received the degree 
ofM.D. in 1858. He married in 
November, 1867, Marie Josephine 
Charlotte Emma, daughter of P. 
A. Quesnel, Esq. He held a seat 
in the Assembly for Bonaventure 
from 1 86 1 until the Union, and from 1867 until 1879 he sat in the Com- 
mons for the same constituency. He was sworn of the Privy Council, and 
was Receiver-General from January, 1873, to November of the same year, 
when he resigned with Sir John A. Macdonald. He was Lieut.-Governor 
of Quebec from July, 1879, to November, 1884. He was appointed to the 
Senate in January, 1885. Was a Conservative. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. J. d. ROSS, M.D. 

(De la Durantaye.) 

The Hon. John Jones Ross was 
born at Quebec, August 16, 1833, 
and is the son of G. Mclntosh Ross, 
Esq., of St. Anne's. He married 
in 1856 Marie Arline, daughter of 
Lieut. -Col. Lanouette, of Cham- 
plain. He is President of the 
Provincial College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, and Honorary Presi- 
dent of the Champlain Agricultural 
Society. From July, 1881, until 
March, 1882, he was Commis- 
sioner of Agriculture and Public 
Works, when he resigned from the 
Cabinet. In January, 1884, upon 
the resignation of the Mousseau Ministry, he formed an Administration, and 
became Premier and Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works, but 
resigned with his colleagues in 1887. Sat for Champlain in Canadian As- 
sembly from g. e., 1861, until the Union, when returned to Commons and 
Legislative Assembly. Resigned his seat in the latter on his appointment 
to Legislative Council, Quebec, 1867. He was appointed to the Senate 
in April, 1887, and was Speaker of that House from September, 1891, 
until April, 1896. He was sworn of the Privy Council and a member of 
Sir Charles Tupper's Ministry from May until July, 1896, when he resigned 
with his colleagues. A Conservative. Ste. Anne de la Pcrade, Que. 



1 



HON. J. SUTHERLAND. 

(Kildonan.) 

The Hon. John Sutherland was 
born in Winnipeg, August 23, 1821. 
He is the son of Mr. A. Suther- 
land, of Sutherlandshire, Scotland, 
who served in the British Army 
in the Peninsula Campaign, and 
who came to Canada and settled in 
the city of Winnipeg in 1815. He 
was educated at St. John's College. 
He married the second daughter 
of Mr. John Macbeth, of Winnipeg. 
Mr. Sutherland was a member of 
the Council of Assiniboia from 
1866 until its abolition. He was a 
director of the Commercial Bank, 
Manitoba, and of the Winnipeg Trusts Company. In 1870 he was High 
Sheriff of Manitoba. He reisgned that office upon being appointed to the 
Senate in 1871. An Independent Conservative. Kildunan, Man. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



91- 



HON. SIR F. SMITH, KNT. 

(Toronto.) 

The Hon. Sir Frank Smith was 
born at Richhill, Armagh, Ireland, 
in 1822, and came to Canada with 
his father in 1832, settling in the 
vicinity of Toronto. He married 
a daughter of Mr. J. O'Higgins, J. 
P., of Stratford, in 1852. In 1866 
he was elected Mayor of London. 
He has held several public offices 
such as President of Northern and 
North Western Railway, Toronto 
Street Ry. Co., London and Onta- 
rio Investment Co., Ontario Jockey 
Club, Niagara Navigation Co., and 
is now President of the Dominion 
Bank and Home Savings & Loan Co., Vice President of Dominion Telegraph- 
Co, and Consumers Gas Co., Director of North American Life Assurance 
Co. and Toronto General Trusts Co. He was appointed to the Senate in 
February, 1871, and served in the Ministry about 1 8 years : first in the 
Cabinet of Sir John A Macdonald about 1878; then he was Minister of 
Public Works in the Abbott Ministry from 1891 to January, 1892, and 
without portfolio until November, 1892; was also a member of the Thomp- 
son and Bowell Administrations, and then became a member of Sir Charles 
Tupper's Ministry, without porfolio. He was created a Knight Bachelor 
in June, 1894. He resigned with his colleagues in July, 1896. Toronto, Out. 




HON. W. TEMPLEMAN. 
(Victoria City, B.C.) 

Hon. William Templeman was 
born at Pakenham, County of La- 
nark, Ont., in 1845, of Scottish pa- 
rentage and descent. He was edu- 
cated at the Public School, and 
afterwards became connected with 
the newspaper business. He estab- 
lished the Almonte Gazette in 
1867, which he carried on success- 
fully for some time. He migrated 
to Victoria, B.C., in 1884, and has 
since published the Victoria Times, 
a newspaper which has a large cir- 
culation in British Columbia and 
the North- West. He was appoint- 
ed to the Senate in November, 1897. Victoria, B.C. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. A. A. THIBAUDEAU. 

(De la Valltere.) 

The Hon. Alfred A. Thibaudeau 
was born in Quebec, December I, 
1860. He is the son of the Hon. 
Isidore Thibaudeau, M. P. for 
Quebec from 1873 until 1878, and 
is of French descent. He was 
educated at the Quebec High 
School. He was married January 
9, 1894, to Eva, daughter of the 
late Senator Roclier, of Montreal. 
He is in business asa merchant, and 
is head of the firm of Thibaudeau 
Brothers. He has held the office of 
President of the Wholesale Dry- 
Goods Association, and is a member 
of Council of the Montreal Board of Trade. He is a director of the Notre 
Dame Hospital, Governor of Laval University, and a director of the Great 
West Life Assurance Company, and of the Park & Island Railway Co. of 
Montreal. He was appointed to the Senate ; August, 1896. Montreal. 




HON. LACHLAN McCALLUM. 

(Monck . ) 

The Hon. Lachlan McCallum 
was born in the Island of Tiree, 
Argyleshite, Scotland, on March 
15. 1823, and came to Canada in 
1842. He married in October, 
1854. Priscilla Dawson Thewlis. 
He is by occupation a contractor, 
shipbuilder and shipowner. For 
some years he was Reeve of the 
United Townships of Sherbrooke 
and Moulton. He was Captain of 
the Dunville Naval Company, 
which force he commanded at 
Fort Frie, at the time of the 
Fenian Raid, in June, 1866. He 
sat in the Commons from the general elections of 1867 until the general 
elections of 1872, when he was defeated. He sat from 1871 until 1872 in 
the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, when he resigned in consequence 
of the passing of the Act abolishing dual representation. He was re- 
elected to the House of Commons at the general elections of 1 874, and was 
unseated on petition on May 12, 1875. He was re-elected June 22, 1875, 
and sat until the dissolution of that Parliament in 1887. Called to the 
Senate, February, 4, 1887. A Liberal-Conservative. Stromness, Out. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. J. B. SNOWBALL. 

(Chatham, N.B.) 

The Hon. Jabez Bunting Snowball 
was born at Lunenburg, N.S., Sept. 
24, i837,and is the son of Rev. 
John Snowball, a native of York- 
shire, England. He was educated at 
Mount Allison Wesleyan College,. 
Sackville, N.B. He married first 
Margaret, daughter of John Mc- 
Dougall, Esq., and, second, on 
February 18, 1873, at Airdrie, 
Scotland, to Maggie E., daughter 
of the Rev. Robert Archibald of 
New Monkland, Scotland. He has 
been largely identified with Rail- 
way enterprises in New Brunswick,. 

and connected with all important enterprises in Northumberland County,, 
where he now resides. He is extensively engaged in the export timber 
trade, and is the owner of several steam saw mills and tug boats. He ran 
for the House of Commons in the Liberal interest in 1 874, but was defeated,, 
and in 1878 he ran again and defeated Mr. Mitchell. He sat in the Com- 
mons for Northumberland, N.B.,from 1878 until 1882, when he resigned. 
Called to the Senate, May I, 1891. An Independent. Chatham, N.B. 




HON. J. B. R. FISET, M.D. 

(Rimouski.) 

The Hon. Jean Bte. Romuald 
Fiset was born at St. Cuthbert, 
P.O., Feb. 7, 1843, and is the son of 
the late Henri Fiset of St. Cuth- 
bert. He was educated at the 
Montreal College and at Laval 
University at Quebec, where he 
graduated an M.D. in 1868. He 
married Aimee, daughter of the 
late Honore Plamondon, of Que- 
bec. He is a Governor of the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons ot 
Quebec, and has been Councillor 
and subsequently Mayor of Ri- 
mouski. He was appointed Sur- 
geon of the SQth Batt, Rimouski, in 1871, and in September, 1895, was 
elevated to the rank of Surgeon-Major. In 1872 he was elected to the 
Commons for Rimouski. and sat until 1882, when he was defeated. He 
was defeated in 1891, but re-elected at the general elections held in 1896. 
Called to the Senate October 20, 1897. A Liberal. Rimouski, Q. 




94 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. W. E. SANFORD. 

(Hamilton. ) 

The Hon. William Eli Sanford 
was born in the City of New York 
in 1 838. His first wife was Emeline, 
only daughter of the late Edward 
Jackson, Esq., who died in 1860. 
In 1 866 he married Harriet Sophia, 
daughter of the late Thomas Vaux, 
Esq., of Ottawa. He is President 
and Managing Director of The 
W. E. Sanford Manufacturing 
Company. He is also President 
of the Hamilton Ladies' College 
and is a member of the Board of 
Regents of Victoria University. 
In the past he has held the posi- 
tions of President of the Hamilton Board of Trade, Vice-President of the 
Hamilton Provident and Loan Society, and Commodore of the Royal 
Hamilton Yacht Club. He was identified with the early history of Man- 
itoba, and is at present time one of the largest land owners in that Province. 
He was a Director of the Portage and Westbourne Railway. Called to 
the Senate February 8, 1887. A Conservative. Hamilton, Ont. 



HON. J. O. VILLENEUVE. 

(DeSalaberry.) 

The Hon. Joseph Octave Ville- 
neuve was born at Ste. Anne des 
Plaines, March 4, 1836. He was 
educated at the Commercial 
School, Montreal. He was formerly 
engaged in business as a wholesale 
grocer, but retired in 1897. He is 
a Director of the Dominion Cotton 
Mills. He married in 1861 Miss 
Susan Annie Walker, of Sorel. He 
was Mayor of the Village of St. 
Jean Baptiste for twenty years, and 
of Montreal in 1894-96. He was 
President of the Commissioners of 
Mount Royal Park ; a Harbor 

Commissioner and Prefet of the County of Hochelaga for a period of ten 
years. He was first elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1886, but the 
election was declared void and a new election was held, April 28, 1888, 
when he was re-elected, and was also re-elected in 1890 and 1892, when he 
resigned. He was appointed to the Senate January 2, 1896. A Con- 
servative. Montreal. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



95 




HON. ALEXANDER VIDAL 

(Sarnia.) 

The Hon. Alexander Vidal was 
born in Bracknell, Berkshire, Eng- 
land, August 4, 1819. He is the 
son of the late Captain R. E. 
Vidal, R.N. The family origin- 
ally came to England from Spain 
about the close of the i/th Cen- 
tury, and were Huguenot refugees, 
and removed from England to 
Canada in 1834. He was educated 
in the Royal Mathematical School, 
Christ's Hospital, London, Eng- 
land. He was married in Decem- 

ber, 1847, to Catherine, eldest 

daughter of the late Capt. W. E. 

Wright, R.N., of Moore, Lambton. She died April 19, 1882. He prac- 
ticed as a Provincial Land Surveyor in Ontario from 1843 until 1853 and 
was employed by the Government to survey and lay out the Township of 
Saugeen and the Town of Sault Ste. Marie, and to mark the boundaries 
of all the mining locations on the north shore of Lake Huron. He was 
Manager of the Sarnia Branch of the Bank of Upper Canada until 1867, 
and then of the Branch of the Bank of Montreal until 1875, when he retired 
from active business. He was County Treasurer of Lambton for 38 years, 
resigning in favor of his son in 1891. He is President of the Dominion 
Alliance for the suppression of the traffic in intoxicating liquors, having 
been annually re-elected to the position since 1876. He ran for the 
Commons at the general elections of 1872, but was defeated. He was 
elected and sat for St. Clair Division in the Legislative Council, Canada, 
from September, 1863, until the time of the Union. He was called to the 
Senate January 15, 1873. A Conservative. Sarnia, O. 

HON. ALEX. MACFARLANE, Q.C. 

(Wallace.) 

The Hon. Alex. Macfarlane was born at Wallace, N.S., June I7th, 1818, 
and is of Scottish descent, being a son of the late Hon. Donald Macfarlane. 
He was called to the Bar of Nova Scotia in Dec., 1844, and appointed Q.C. 
in June 1867. He married Anne, daughter of Mr. Amos Seaman, a 
resident of Minudie, N.S. He represented Cumberland in the Nova Scotia 
Assembly from 1856 until the time of the Union. He is President of the 
Spring Hill Mining Company, and is a Surrogate of Vice-Admiralty. 
Mr. Macfarlane was one of the delegates from Nova Scotia to the Colonial 
Conference in London to complete the terms of the Union in 1866 and 
1867. He was a member of the Executive Council of N.S. from 1865 
until the Union, and holds rank and precedence as such by patent from 
the Queen. He was appointed to the Senate October 10, 1870. A 
Conservative. Wallace, N.S. 



96 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. FRANCIS CLEMOW. 

(Rideau.) 

The Hon. Francis Clemow was born at Three Rivers, Q., May 4, 1821. 
He is the son of Captain John Clemow, of H. M. 4ist Regiment, who took 
part in the Battle of Queenston Heights. He was educated at the Upper 
Canada College, Toronto, and in 1840 he settled in Ottawa. He was 
married in 1847 to Margaret, daughter of the late Colonel Powell, ot 
H.M. loist Regiment. For several years he was engaged in the forwarding 
business, and then became an Official Assignee under the Insolvent 
Act. He is a Director of the Ottawa Electric Company, and since 
1866 has held the position of Managing Director of the Ottawa Gas 
Company, and is still one of the Directors. He was a Member of the 
Ottawa City Council for two years, and for several years, from the 
initiation of the scheme until the completion of the Water works in 1875, 
was Chairman of the Board of Water Commissioners. For 25 years he has 
been chairman of the Ottawa Collegiate Institute. He was Grand 
Master of the Orangemen of Carleton County for eight years, and in 1892 
he was Chairman of the Committee of the Whole in the Senate on the 
Bill to codify the Criminal Laws of Canada. He was called to the 
Senate, February 3, 1885. A Conservative. Ottawa. 



HOUSE OF COMMONS 



IOO 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. J. D. EDGAR, 

(Speaker.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. IOI 



The Hon. James David Edgar was born in the Eastern Townships, 
P.Q., August 10, 1841. He is a descendant of the elder branch of the 
Edgars of Keithoch, Forfarshire, Scotland. He was educated at Lennox- 
ville and at the Belvidere School of Quebec. He married September, 
1865, Matilda, second daughter of the late T. G. Ridout, Esq., of Toronto. 
He was called to the Bar, U. C., Michaelmas Term, 1864. In 1890, he 
was appointed a Q. C. by the Ontario Government. He has been a pro- 
lific writer in the newspapers and other periodicals, and is the author of 
The Insolvent Act of 1864, with Notes, Forms, etc. (Toronto, 1864). An 
Act to amend the Insolvent Act of 1864, with Annotations, Notes of 
Decisions, etc. (Toronto, 1865). The White Stone Canoe (Toronto, 1887). 
This Canada of Ours, and other Poems (1890). In 1874, he was sent by 
the Dominion Government to British Columbia to arrange for terms for 
the postponement of construction of the C.P.R. He was first elected to 
Parliament for the County of Monck at the general elections of 1872, and 
sat until the general elections of 1874. He was defeated in Centre 
Toronto in 1872. On August 22, 1884, he was elected by acclamation 
to his present seat, and was re-elected at general elections of 1887, 1891, 
1896, and on August 19, 1896, he was unanimously elected Speaker of 
the House of Commons. A Liberal. Toronto. 



102 PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




d. G. BOURINOT, C.M.G., LL.D., D.C.L., Litt. D., F.R.S.C., 
(Clerk of the House.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 103 



John George Bourinot was born at Sydney, N.S., October 24, 1837, 
and is the eldest son of the late Hon. J. Bourinot, Senator, and grandson 
of Judge Marshall, son of a U. E. Loyalist, on his mother's side. He was 
educated under the tutorship of Rev. W. Y. Porter, and at Trinity College, 
Toronto, where he took the Wellington and other Scholarships. He 
studied law in Nova Scotia, and was subsequently connected with the 
newspaper press of Canada as Parliamentary Reporter and Editor. He 
established the Halifax Reporter in 1860, and was its chief editor for 
years. He was also Chief Official Reporter of the Nova Scotia Assembly 
from 1861 to Confederation. In 1868 he was appointed to Senate staff; 
Second Clerk Assistant House of Commons, April, 1873; First Clerk 
Assistant, February, 1879 ; Clerk of the House, December, 1880. Has 
received the following degrees: LL.D., Queen's University, Kingston, 
1886; D.C.L., Trinity University, Toronto, 1888; D.C.L., King's 
College, Windsor, at Centennial Celebration in 1890; Docteur-es Lettres, 
Laval University, 1890, and D.C.L. at the Jubilee Celebration of Bishop's 
College, Lennoxville, 1895. Was nominated by Lord Lome, Hon. Secre- 
tary of Royal Society in 1882, was President in 1892, and then re-elected 
Secretary continuously. Has lectured before Harvard, Johns Hopkins, 
Trinity and other Universities. Is a Member of the Council, and Examiner 
in Constitutional Law of Trinity ; Member of the Council of American 
Historical Association and of the American Academy of Political Science ; 
Hon. Member of the American Antiquarian Society ; Hon. Fellow of Royal 
Colonial Institute, March, 1897. Dr. Bourinot is an authority on parlia- 
mentary practice, and author of a large work on Parliamentary Procedure } 
of" Federal Government in Canada," " How Canada is Governed," "The 
Story of Canada " (Nation's Series), " Cape Breton and its Memorials of 
the French Regime," " Procedure of Municipal Councils and Public 
Meetings," besides other works on constitutional .and historical subjects. 
He is also a frequent contributor to "Johns Hopkins University Political 
Studies," the " Quarterly Review," " Blackwood," The Arena," and other 
English and American periodicals. Dr. Bourinot was created C.M.G- at 
New Year's, 1890. Ottawa. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




LIEUT.-COL. H. R. SMITH. 

(Sergeant-at-Arms.) 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 105 



Lieut-Col. Smith was born December 30, 1843, at Kingston, Ont. 
He is the eldest son of the late Sir Henry Smith, Q.C., M.P., and Mary, 
daughter of the late Robert Talbot, Esq., of Kingston. Lieut-Col. Smith 
was educated at Kingston Grammar School, and is also a graduate of the 
Royal School of Artillery. He has been in the service of the Legislature 
since May I, 1859, and in the Militia since May 2, 1863. Ensign and 
Lieutenant in Civil Service Rifle Regiment, 1866; Captain in 4/th Batt., 
1867; Major, 1875; A. D. C. to Gen. Sir E. Selby Smith, 1877, subse- 
quently A. D. C. to Gen. Luard and the Marquess ot Lansdowne ; extra 
A. D. C. to the Earl of Derby ; Honorary A. D. C. to the Earl of Aber- 
deen, 1894. Served as Major in Midland Regiment in Northwest Cam- 
paign. Mentioned in despatches and Medal. Appointed Deputy Sergeant 
at Anns, 1872; Sergeant at Arms, 1892. Is Lieut Col. I4th P. W. O. 
Rifles. Married August 7, 1887, Mary Barrow, widow of the late Major 
Barrow. Ottawa. 



io6 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




L. C. A. ANGERS. 

(Charlevoix.) 

Louis Charles Alphonse Angers 
was born at Malbaie, P.Q., being 
the son of Elie Angers, blacksmith, 
and Marie Perron. He was edu- 
cated at Laval Normal School. 
He married in September, 1884, 
Dame Marie Julie Dumas, who is 
now dead. Mr. Angers is by pro- 
fession an advocate. He was first 
elected to the House of Commons 
at the by-election of January, 1896, 
and re elected at the general elec- 
tions of 1896, when he defeated 
the Conservative candidate, Mr. 
S. Cimon. A Liberal. Murray 
Bay, Q. 



J. G. H. BERGERON, B.C.L. 

(Beauharnois.) 

Joseph Gedeon Horace Bergeron 
was born at Rigaud on October 
13, 1854. He is the son of the 
late Mr. T. R. Bergeron, notary, 
residing at Rigaud, County of 
Vaudreuil, Que., and of the late 
Leocadie Caroline Delphine Cour- 
sol, daughter of Gedeon Coursol, 
Esq., notary, of St. Andrews, Que. 
He was educated at the Jesuits' 
College, Montreal ; he also followed 
a commercial course at the Mont- 
real Business College, where he 
obtained a diploma. In March, 
1877, he graduated a B. C. L. at 
McGill University. He was called to the Province of Quebec Bar in July, 
1877. Mr. Bergeron was first elected to the Commons in January, 1879, 
through the death of the sitting member, Mr. M. Cayley, and at the 
general elections held in 1882 he was re-elected by acclamation, and was 
also re-elected at the general elections of 1887, 1891 and 1896. He mar- 
ried in July, 1890, Ada Josephine, daughter of the late Mr. R. Wall, of 
Montreal. In 1888 he was made Chairman of Committee on Standing 
Orders. In 1891 he was appointed Deputy Speaker and Chairman of 
Committees of the Commons, and continued so until April, 1896. He is 
a Member of the St. Denis Club, St. James' Club, St. Jerome Club and Le 
Club Canadien. A Liberal- Conservative. Montreal. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



107- 



THOMAS BAIN. 

(South Went worth.) 

Thomas Bain was born on De- 
cember 14, 1834, in the Parish of 
Denny, coming to Canada in 1837 
with his father, the late Mr. Walter 
Bain, of Denny, Stirlingshire, Scot- 
land, and settling in West Flam- 
boro, Ont. He was educated in 
Canada. He married, June 25, 
1874, Helen, second daughter of 
John Weir, Esq., of West Flam- 
boro. Mr. Bain is a retired farmer. 
He was for several years Reeve of 
the Township of West Flamboro,- 
and was also Warden of Went- 
worth in 1870. He was returned 
to Parliament at the general elections of 1872, and has sat there continu- 
ously since that year. A Reformer. Dundas, O. 




MAJOR THOMAS BEATTIE. 

(London.) 

Major Thomas Beattie is an 
Irishman, born in Belfast. Came 
to this country with his parents in 
1848. Is a successful retired mer- 
chant. He is Senior Major of the 
7th Fusiliers of London. Served 
through the North-West Rebellion 
with his Battalion. On three dif- 
ferent occasions he has declined the 
command of the Regiment. He 
served as Alderman for London 
many years. Is Vice-President of 
London City Gas Company. Is a 
Director of the Agricultural Sav- 
ings and Loan Company. On 
the retirement of Sir John Carling, K.C.M.G., he was unanimously- 
selected by the Conservative part)' of London to become their candidate 
and was elected in June, 1896, but his election was protested, 2,075 differ' 
ent charges being made against him and his friends, and after a trial, last- 
ing 23 days (the longest on record) in the Election Court, in which the 
most eminent counsel of this County on both sides was engaged, the 
protest was dismissed with costs, and the Judges on the Bench declared 
not one charge against Major Beattie had been proven, and from the 
evidence produced it had been shown he had done all in his power to 
have a most fair and pure election. A Conservative. London, O. 




log 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




CHARLES BAZINET. 
(Joliette.) 

Charles Bazinet was born at 
Joliette on July 20, 1845. He was 
educated at Joliette College. He 
married Marie Philomene Courtois 
on October 2 1, 1867. Mr. Bazinet 
is a lumber merchant and is also 
proprietor of a saw mill. He was 
first elected to the House of Com- 
mons at the general elections of 
1896, defeating Dr. V P. La- 
vallee, Conservative, by a vote of 
1,769 to 1,453. A Liberal St. 
Jean de Matlia, Q. 



GEORGE H. BERTRAM. 

(Centre Toronto.) 

George Hope Bertram was born 
at Fenton Barns, Haddingtonshire, 
Scotland, March. 12, 1847, and 
received his early education at the 
Parish School of Dirleton. He 
now devotes all his attention to 
the engine and shipbuilding busi- 
ness which he organized in 1892, 
now known as the Bertram Engine 
Works Co., Limited, of which he is 
at present President. Mr. Bertram 
has always taken an active part in 
municipal affairs, and especially in 
regard to municipal reforms ; at 
the same time he has always shown 
a strong interest in Provincial and Dominion politics. He is a thorough 
business man, has a wide acquaintance with the business of the country 
generally, and a comprehensive grasp of all trade matters Mr. Bertram was 
for two years a member of the Council of the Toronto Board of Trade. 
He was returned to Parliament at a by-election in 1897 in the Liberal 
interest, but prefers the interests of the country to those of party, if ever 
the two should come into conflict. He favours a revenue tariff high enough 
to meet the requirements of the country as best suited to promote the 
general welfare of the people. He supports giving a preference on British 
imports, and is opposed to lowering the duties on American imports so 
long as Canadian products are practically excluded from the United 
States. A Liberal. Toronto, Ont. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



109. 



C. BEAUSOLEIL. 
(Berthier.) 

Cleophas Beausoleil was born at 
St. Felix de Valois, County of 
Joliette, June 19, 1845. He is 
of French descent, being a son of 
Joseph Beausoleil and Rose Du- 
charme. He was educated at 
Joliette College, Joliette. He was 
for some time on the staff of the 
Nouveau Monde, but in 1873 ne 
founded and edited Le Bien Pub- 
lic. He afterwards became an 
Official Assignee in Insolvency, 
He was called to the Bar of the 
Province of Quebec in 1880. He 
is at present and has been for 10 
years a member of the City Council of Montreal. He was first returned 
to Parliament at the general elections of 1887, and was re-elected at gen- 
eral election of 1891, and was elected by acclamation on June 16, 1896. 
A Liberal. Montreal. 




W. H. BENNETT. 

(East Simcoe.) 

William Humphrey Bennett was 
born on December 23, 1859, at 
Barrie, Ont., being of Irish descent 
on the side of his father, Humph- 
rey Bennett, and of Scotch descent 
on the side of his mother, Anne A. 
Fraser. Educated at the Barrie 
Public and High Schools. Studied 
law, and called to the Bar of On- 
tario in 1 88 1, since which date he 
has practiced, where he now re- 
sides, at Midland. Mr. Bennett 
was first elected Reeve of Midland 
in 1886, retaining the office for 
several years. Was a candidate 
for the representation of East Simcoe at the general elections, March of 
1891, and defeated by P. H. Spohn. In 1892. after the unseating of Mr. 
Spohn, Mr. Bennett was elected by 32 majority. Again elected at the 
general elections of 1896 by a majority of 246, defeating H. H. Cook,. 
Liberal, and Duncan Anderson, Patron, in a total of 6,501 votes. Moved 
the address in the House of Commons in 1895 ; unseated Dec. 23, 1896, 
and on Feb. 22, 1897, again defeated H. H. Cook, Liberal, by a majority 
of 127 votes polled, 6347. A Liberal-Conservative. Midland, O. 




110 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



ROBERT BEITH. 

(West Durham-) 

Robert Beith was born in the 
Township of Darlington, Ont. His 
father and mother were both na- 
tives of Campbelltown, Argyle- 
shire, Scotland, where the family 
were engaged in the milling and 
farming business, and who subse- 
quently came to Canada in 1835. 
He was educated in the public 
Schools of Darlington Township, 
and also in a private school at 
Bowmanville, and subsequently he 
took a course at a Commercial 
College in Toronto- He is un- 
married. Mr Beith is by occupa- 
tion a farmer and an importer of thoroughbred horses. He was first elected 
to the House of Commons at the general elections of 1891, and was re- 
elected at the general elections of 1896. A Liberal. Bowmanville, O. 




T. BLANCHARD. 

(Gloucester.) 

Theotime Blanchard was born 
at Caraquet, Gloucester County, 
N.B., May, 1846, and is of Acadian 
descent. He was educated at 
Caraquet. He married Marie 
Gauvin in March, 1867. Heisby 
occupation a farmer and merchant ; 
he taught school from 1861 until 
1870, in which year he was 
appointed a J. P. From 1870 
until 1876 he represented the 
County of Gloucester in the House 
of Assembly of New Brunswick, 
and again from 1892 until 1894 
He was a Municipal Councillor for 
six years ; he held the office of Inspector of Weights and Measures for 
Gloucester and Restigouche from 1876 until 1881, and also that of Preven- 
tive Officer in the Custom House at Caraquet from 1889 to 1892, when 
lie resigned that office to offer for the Local House. He resigned his seat 
in the House of Assembly of N. B. in 1894, and was elected for the House 
of Commons for the first time to fill the vacancy caused by the appoint- 
ment of the late K. F. Burns to the Senate ; he was re-elected again by a 
large majority at the general elections held in 1896. A Conservative. 
Caraquet, N. B. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



Ill 



N. A. BELCOURT. 
(Ottawa City.) 

Napoleon Antoine Belcourtwas 
born in Toronto on September 
15, 1860. He was educated at 
St. Joseph's Seminary, Three 
Rivers, and at Laval University, 
where he graduated with honors 
in Law in )882. He married 
Hectorine, daughter of the Hon. 
Joseph Shehyn, of Quebec. He 
practiced law in Montreal for two 
years, and was in 1884 called to 
the Ontario Bar, and afterwards 
removed to Ottawa to practice. 
He is a member and also Secre- 
tary of the Faculty of Law of 
Ottawa University-, and was made a Doctor of Laws of this University 
in 1895. He is also President of the Ottawa Liberal Reform Club, and 
is Vice-President of the Ontario Liberal Association. From June, 1894, to 
June, 1896, he held the offices of County Attorney and Clerk of the 
Peace for Carleton County, which he resigned to accept the candidature 
for the Capital. He was an unsuccessful candidate at the general 
elections held in 1891, and was first returned to Parliament at the general 
elections in 1896. A Liberal. Ottawa. 




M. E. BERNIER. 

(St. Hyacinthe.) 

Michel Esdras Bernierwas born 
at St. Hyacinthe, September 27, 
1841, and is the youngest son of 
the late Etienne Bernier of the 
same place. He was educated at 
the St. Hyacinthe Seminary. In 
June, 1867, he was admitted to 
practice as a notary, and is a mem- 
ber of the Notarial Board, Pro- 
vince of Quebec. He is now ex- 
tensively engaged in farming, and 
for some years has been President 
of the St. Hyacinthe Agricultural 
Society. He married in November, 
1865, Alida, daughter of the late 

Simeon Marchesseault, who in 1837 was a chief in the Rebellion, and was 
subsequently exiled to the Bermudas. He was first elected to the House 
of Commons in 1882, and was re-elected in 1887, 1891 and 1896. A 
Liberal. St. Hyacinthe, Que. 




112 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



ADAM C. BELL. 

(Pictou.) 

Adam Carr Bell was born at 
Pictou, N.S., November 11, 1847, 
his father being a native of Scot- 
land and his mother of Nova 
Scotia. He was educated in the 
schools of New Glasgow, Sackville 
Academy and at the University of 
Glasgow. He married on Septem- 
ber 4, 1873, Annie, daughter of 
Mr. John Henderson, of Albion 
Mines. Mr. Bell is by profession 
a druggist. He has been Warden 
of New Glasgow, and also a School 
Commissioner, He sat in the 
House of Assembly of Nova Scotia 
from 1878 until 1887, when he resigned his seat, and was defeated in 
running for Pictou in the House of Commons. He was a member of the 
Executive Council, and also Provincial Secretary in the Thompson Admin- 
istration in Nova Scotia until that Government resigned in July, 1882, 
after which he was Leader of the Opposition until 1887. He was first 
elected to the House of Commons at the general elections of 1896. A 
Liberal-Conservative. New Glasgow, N.S. 




J. L. BETHUNE, M.D. 

(Victoria, N.S.) 

John Lemuel Bethune was born 
at Loch Lomond, County Rich- 
mond, N.S., in 1850, and is the 
eldest son of the late Roderick 
Bethune, formerly of Scotland, 
who emigrated to Cape Breton. 
He was educated at the Normal 
School, Truro, and at the Univer- 
sity of Dalhousie, where he gradu- 
ated an M.D., C.M. in 1875. 
He was Warden of Victoria for 
three years and was in 1881 
Census Commissioner, and was a 
Member of the County Council for 
seven years. In January, 1885, he 
married Mary C., daughter of the late R. A. Jones, Esq. He is Lieut. - 
Col. of the 94th Batt. Argyle Highlanders, V. M.. Commissioner of 
Schools, Coroner and a J. P. He sat in the N.S. House of Assembly 
from 1886 to June, 1896 when he resigned. He was first elected to the 
Commons at the general election of 1896. A Conservative. Baddeck, N.S. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



J. W. BELL. 

(Addington.) 

John William Bell was born in 
the Township of Camden, March 
18, 1838. He is of Scottish 
descent, being the son of Daniel 
Eraser Bell, J. P. His grandfather 
was an officer in the British Army, 
and took part in the war of 1812, 
and his father also served as a 
volunteer in 1837. He was edu- 
cated at the High School, New- 
burgh. He is by occupation a 
farmer. He was married Decem- 
ber 5, 1869, to Julia } only daughter 
of Dr. Francis Purcell. He was 
Reeve of the Township of Camden 
for a period of seven years. He was Warden of the Counties of Lennox 
and Addington in 1879. He has been a Member of the Board of Audit 
for the said counties, and also Chairman of the Finance Committee. He 
was Grand Master of the Orange Provincial Grand Lodge of Ontario East 
for 1896, and holds the same office for the present year, and was elected 
ist Vice- President of the Orange Triennial Council at the meeting held 
in Glasgow, July 14, 1897. He was first elected to Parliament at the 
general election of 1882. He was re-elected at the general election of 1887. 
He was defeated at the general election held in 1891, and was re-elected at 
the general election of 1896. A Conservative. Desmond, O. 




A. BRODER. 

(Dundas.) 

Andrew Broder was born in 
Franklin, County of Huntingdon, 
P. Q., in 1845. He is the son of 
William Broder of Kilfree, County 
of Sligo, Ireland ; his mother was 
a native of Belfast, Ireland. He 
was educated in Huntingdon and 
at the Malone, N.Y., Academy. 
Mr. Broder was in business as a 
merchant until 1892, when he re- 
ceived the appointment of a Cus- 
toms officer at Morrisburg. He 
held a seat in the Legislative As- 
sembly of Ontario from 1875 until 
1886. He was first elected to the 
House of Commons at the general election held in 1896. 
vative. Morrisburg, O. 




A Conser- 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



B. M. BRITTON. 

(Kingston.) 

Byron Moffatt Britton was born 
at Gananoque, Leeds County, On- 
tario, September 3, 1833. His 
father came from New Hampshire 
and his mother from New York. 
Graduated in Arts at Victoria Uni- 
versity. Is a barrister-at-law, and 
has been created a Queen's Counsel 
both by Ontario and Dominion 
patents. Has been a bencher of 
the Law Society since 1876. He 
held the office of County Crown 
Attorney for the County of Fron- 
tenac from 1883 to 1891, and that 
of Drainage Referee from 1891 to 
1896. Mr. Britton has been Mayor of Kingston. Chairman of the Public 
School Board and one of the Governors of the Kingston General Hospital. 
He has been an exceedingly active and busy man in his profes- 
sion and in many outside enterprises. He was a candidate for the repre- 
sentation of Cataraqui in 1864, but was defeated. He married, December 
22, 1863, Mary E., eldest daughter of the late Hon. L. H. Holton. He 
was first elected to the House of Commons June 23, 1896, defeating his 
opponent, Mr. Donald C. Mclntyre, by 1,671 votes to 1,519. A Liberal. 
Kingston O. 




L. P. BRODEUR. 

(Rouville.) 

Louis Philippe Brodeur was born 
at Belceil, August 21, 1862. His 
ancestors emigrated from France 
to Canada about the 1 6th century, 
and he is the son of Toussaint 
Brodeur and Justine Lambert. He 
was educated at the College of St. 
Hyacinthe. In June, 1887, he 
married Emma, daughter of Mr. 
J. R. Brillon, notary of Belceil. He 
received the degree of LL.B. at 
Laval University, and was admitted 
to the Province of Quebec Bar in 
July, 1884. He was first elected 
to the House of Commons at the 

general elections held in 1891, and was re-elected at the general elections 
of 1886. In August, 1896, he was elected Deputy Speaker and Chairman 
of the Committee. A Liberal. Montreal. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




great-grandfather established, in 1798, 



J. H. N. BOURASSA. 

(Labelle.) 

J. H. N. Bourassa was born in 
Montreal, September i, 1868. He 
is the son of Napoleon Bourassa, 
who was for several years director 
of La Revue Canadienne of Mon- 
treal, and was also author of various 
works on Art, and of the book, 
"Jacques et Marie," an Episode of 
the deportation of the Acadians 
in 1/55; and of Azelie, daughter 
of Louis Joseph Papineau, the 
famous French Canadian agitator. 
He was educated in Montreal by 
private tuition. He removed to 
Montebello in 1886, where his 
the first settlement in what is now 



known as Ottawa County. He was Mayor of Montebello from 1890 to 
1894, and was editor and proprietor of L 1 Interprets from 1893 and subse- 
quently of Le Ralliement. He was President of the Agricultural Society 
of the Eastern part of Ottawa County for two years. He was first elected 
to the Commons in 1896. A Liberal. Montebello, Q. 



A. BOURBONNAIS, M.D. 

(Soulanges.) 

Augustin Bourbonnais, M. D., 
was born at St, Clet, Soulanges Co., 
March 19, 1850. He is a descen- 
dant of a family emigrated from 
France with Lasalle in 1644, which 
landed at Lachine, part of which 
proceeded to the counties of Vau- 
dreuil and Soulanges, taking up 
farming, and the other part to 
Bourbonnais, 111., U. S. A. He was 
educated at the Seminary of Ste. 
Therese, and graduated a B. A. in 
June, 1872. He also graduated an 
M.D. at Laval University, Quebec, 
in 1875. He practised his profes- 
sion for two years in Syracuse, N.Y., and then removed to Coteau Landing, 
where he still resides. He was an unsuccessful candidate at a by-election 
held in December, 1892. He was first elected to the House of Commons 
at the general election held in 1896, when he defeated Mr. E. Lanthier, 
the Conservative candidate, by a vote of 1054 to 861. A Liberal. 
Coteau Landing, Q. 




n6 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



R. L. BORDEN. 
(Halifax.) 

Robert Laird Borden was born 
June 26. 1854, at Grand Pre, in 
Kings County, N. S., and is a son 
of Andrew Borden, of Grand Pre, 
whose grandfather emigrated to 
Nova Scotia from the United 
States about 1870. He was edu- 
cated at Acadia Villa School in 
Kings County. Was admitted to 
the Bar in Nova Scotia in 1878. 
Mr. Borden is now the senior part- 
ner in the firm of Borden, Ritchie, 
Parker & Chisholm. He was ap- 
pointed a Q. C. in 1890; is Presi- 
dent of the Nova Scotia Barristers' 
Society, and has several times been Vice-President of the same Society. 
In politics he was a Liberal (although not taking an active part) until the 
year 1886, when he left that party on the question of the attempted 
secession of the Province of Nova Scotia from the Confederation. From 
that time until 1896 he supported the Conservative party, but took no 
very active part until 1 896, when he accepted the nomination as a candidate 
for the City and County of Halifax, and was elected at the head of the 
poll. A Liberal-Conservative. Halifax, N.S. 




A. A. BRUNEAU. 

(Sorel.) 

Arthur Aime Bruneau was born 
at St. Athanase, Province of 
Quebec, on March 4, 1864. He 
was educated at the College of the 
Sacred Heart, Sorel, and the Jesuit 
College in Montreal. On October 
II, 1887, he married at Quebec, 
Arzelie, daughter of J. B. Cloutier, 
professor of Laval University. He 
is by profession an advocate. From 
1885 until 1887 he was Secretary 
of Le Club National of Montreal. 
He is now the Vice-President of 
the St. Jean Baptiste Society of 
Sorel, and is also the President of 
Le Club des Jeunes Liberaux de Richelieu. He was first elected to the 
House of Commons for Richelieu at a by-election January n, 1892, and 
was re-elected at the last general elections, defeating the Hon. A. Desjar- 
dins, Minister of Public Works, by 134 majority. A Liberal. Screl, Q. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



J. P. BROWN. 

(Chateauguay.) 

James Pollock Brown was born 
at Beau River, April 4, 1841. He 
is the son of David Brown and 
Jean Pollock, both of Renfrewshire, 
Scotland. He was educated at the 
Elementary Schools and also at 
United States Business College at 
New Haven, Conn. On February 
19, 1869, he married Miss Mar- 
garet Stewart. Mr. Brown is a 
general store keeper, farmer and 
grist-miller. He was first elected 
to Parliament at the general elec- 
tion of 1891, and was re-elected 
at the last general election, defeating 

C. Lecavalier, Conservative, by a vote of 1594 to 894. A Liberal. 

St. Chrysostome, Q. 




LEONARD BURNETT. 

(South Ontario.) 

Leonard Burnett is a native of 
Yorkshire, England, and was born 
April 5, 1845, the families of 
both his father, Thomas Burnett, 
and his mother, Hannah Dicken- 
son, having been farmers. He was 
educated at Greenwood Public 
School and Whitby High School. 
For three years he was a teacher, 
and since that time has been a 
farmer. He has held the offices of 
County Councillor, Deputy Reeve 
and Reeve of the Township of 
Reach, and has been a school 
trustee for twenty-five successive 
years and secty.-treas. during that term ; also auditor for the County of On- 
tario for 3 years. Appointed a J. P. in 1885. He married January 5, 1870, 
Sarah Jane, daughter of the late James Dryden and sister of the Hon. 
John Dryden, who died on March u, 1896. Mr. Burnett his had to work 
his own way in the world. He is an extensive farmer and large breeder of 
Durham cattle, Shropshire sheep.Clydesdale horses and Berkshire hogs, and 
believes in the best stock as being the most profitable. He was first 
elected to Parliament June 23, 1896 A Liberal. Greenbank, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HEWITT BOSTOCK. 

(Yale and Cariboo.) 

Hewitt Bostock was born at the 
Hermitage, Walton Heath, Epsom, 
England. He is the son of Samuel 
Bostock, who was a member of the 
London Stock Exchange. He was 
educated by private tuition at 
Brighton and Guilford, and in 1882 
he entered Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, where he graduated in 1885 
with mathematical honors. He 
was called to the Bar at Lincoln's 
Inn in 1888. He was married 
June 12, 1890, to Lizzie Jean Mc- 
Combie, third daughter of Hugh 
Cowie, Esq., Q.C., of Tthandale, 
Wimbledon, Surrey, and Chancellor of the Diocese of Durham. He settled 
in British Columbia in October, 1893, where he is engaged in ranching, 
and is also proprietor of The Province, a weekly journal. He was first 
elected to the House of Commons at the general election held in 1896. 
A Liberal. Victoria, B. C. 




WILLIAM S. CALVERT. 

(West Middlesex.) 

William Samuel Calvert was 
born March 3, 1857, in the Town- 
ship of Warwick, County of Lamb- 
ton, Ont. His father came from 
the North of Ireland, and his 
mother from Glasgow, Scotland, 
settling first in the County of 
Lanark, but afterwards moving to 
Lambton. He was educated at 
the Public Schools there and also at 
the Waterford Seminary. He is 
a merchant by occupation, and 
among the public offices held is 
that of Reeve of the Township of 
Metcalfe from 1886 to 1894, and 
Warden of the County of Middlesex in 1894. He is also a prominent 
Free Mason, and was District Deputy Grand Master for the St. Claire 
district in 1889. Mr. Calvert was married December 17, 1879, to Cora, 
daughter of Mr. James G. Sutherland, merchant of Napier. He has 
always taken a keen interest in politics, and was first returned to Parliament 
at the general elections of 1896. A Liberal Napier, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



(West Huron.) 

Malcolm Colin Cameron was 
born in Perth, Ont, April 12, 
1832. He was educated at the 
Knox College, Toronto. He has 
held several public offices, such as 
Town Councillor, Reeve and Mayor 
of Goderich. In 1860 he was 
called to the Bar of Upper Canada, 
and in March, i 876, was appointed 
a Q.C. by the Ontario Govern- 
ment. He married, in May, 1855, 
Jessie H., daughter of Dr. John 
McLean, who was formerly in the 

Royal Navy. He held a seat in 

the Commons for South Huron 

from 1867 until 1882, when he ran for West Huron and was elected. In 
1887 he was defeated, and was re-elected in 1891, but was unseated in 
1892, and was defeated at the by-election held that year. He was re- 
elected at a by-e'ection in 1896, and also at the general elections in 18^6. 
A Liberal. Goderich, O. 




M. C. CAMERON, Q.C. 



ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL. 

(Kent, Ont.) 

Archibald Campbell was born 
in the Township of Howard, 
County of Kent, April 27, 1845. 
He is the son of the late Neil 
Campbell, who emigrated to New- 
York State from Argyleshire, 
Scotland, about 1812, and who 
removed to the Township of How- 
ard in 1830. He was educated at 
the Common and High Schools. 
He is engaged in business as a 
merchant miller. In February, 
1871, he married Miss Burk, of 
Colona, California. He has for 
several years been a member of 
the Town Council of Chatham, Deputy Reeve of Chatham, and Chair- 
man of the Finance Commitee. He was first elected to the House of 
Commons at the general elections of 1887, but was unseated in November, 
1887. He was re-elected in May, 1888, 1891 and 1896. A Liberal. 
Toronto Junction, O. 




I 20 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 






HENRY CARGILL. 
(East Uruce.) 

Henry Cargill was born in the 
Township of Nassagaweya, County 
of Halton. His father and mother 
were both natives of the county of 
Antrim, Ireland, and emigrated to 
Canada and settled in the County 
of Halton. He was educated there 
and at Queen's College, Kingston, 
Ont. Mr. Cargill is extensively 
engaged as a merchant and in the 
manufacture of lumber. He mar- 
ried in March, 1864, Margaret 
Davidson, of the County of Hal- 
ton. He was Reeve of the Town- 
ship of Greenock, and has been 
Postmaster of Cargill. He was first elected to the House of Commons in 
February, 1887, but resigned and was re-elected in April, 1887. In 1891 
he was defeated, but was re-elected at a by election in 1892 and at the 
general elections of 1896. A Conservative. Cargill, O. 




ALEXANDER W. CARSCALLEN. 

(North Hastings.) 

Alexander Williamson Carscal- 
len was born in the Township of 
North Fredericksburg, County of 
Lennox, Ontario, October 14, 
1844. His father, Edward Riggs 
Carscallen, was a lieutenant in the 
Canadian Militia, and was on active 
service during the Rebellion of 
1837. Mr. Carscallen also comes 
of military stock through his grand- 
father, who held a Captain's com- 
mission in the British Army, and 
during the Revolutionary War 
abandoned his property at Al- 
bany, N.Y,, and came to Canada. 

The subject of our sketch was educated at Napanee Academy and the 
University of Nashville, Tenn., U.S. His business is that of a private 
banker. He has been a Councillor and Reeve of his Township and Chair- 
man of the School Board. Is also a Justice of the Peace. He was first 
returned to Parliament at a by-election held December 30, 1892, on the 
appointment of Sir Mackenzie Bowell to the Senate, and was again 
returned at the general elections of 1896. Mr. Carscallen was married 
November 16, 1874, to Marcia Pringle. A Conservative. Marmora, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



121 



HON. SIR ADOLPHE GABON, 
K.C.M.G., Q.C., PC. 

(Three Rivers.) 

The Hon. Sir Joseph Philippe 
Rene Adolphe Caron was born in 
Quebec City, December 24, 1843, 
and is the eldest surviving son of 
the late Hon. R. E. Caron. He 
was educated at the Quebec Semin- 
ary, Laval University and the 
University of McGill, where he 
graduated B.C.L. in 1865. He 
was called to the Bar of Lower 
Canada in 1 865, and was appointed 
Q, C. in May, 1879. He married 

in June, 1867, Alice, only daughter 

of the late Hon. Francois Baby. 

In November, 1880, he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed 
Minister of Militia, holding that portfolio until January 25, 1892, when he 
was appointed Postmaster- General. He was a member of the Abbott, 
Thompson and Bowell Ministries, but retired in April, 1896. He was first 
elected to Parliament for Quebec County in 1873, and was re-elected in 
1874, 1878, and upon his appointment to office, and was re-elected in 1882 
and 1887. He was created a K.C.M.G. in August, 1885. In 1891 he was 
elected for Rimouski, and at the last general election for his present seat. 
A Liberal-Conservative. Ottawa. 




HENRY G. CARROLL. 

(Kamouraska.). 

Henry George Carroll was born 
in Kamouraska, January 31, 1865, 
and is the son of Michael Burke 
Carroll and Marguerite Campbell. 
He was educated at Ste. Anne de 
Lapocatiere College and at Laval 
University, Quebec, where he 
graduated an LL.B., in July, 
1889. He was admitted to the 
Bar of the Province of Quebec, 
July 3, 1889, and subsequently 
practiced his profession at Fraser- 
ville, Que. He was married June 
I, 1891, to Amazelie, daughter 
of L. Boulanger, a merchant of 
Ste. Agathe de Lotbiniere. He was first elected to the House of Com- 
mons for Kamouraska, in 1891, and was re-elected at the last general 
elections. A Liberal. Fraserville, Q. 




I 22 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



G. E. CASEY, B.A., J.P. 
(West Elgin.) 

George Elliot Casey was born 
in the Township of Southwold, 
County of Elgin, March 24, 1850. 
He is the son of the late William 
Casey, from Mullingar, County 
Westmeath, Ireland, and his mo- 
ther, Sarah Elliot, came from 
Omagh, County of Tyrone, Ireland. 
He was educated at the St. Tho- 
mas High School, and at the Uni- 
versity of Toronto, where he re- 
ceived the degree of B.A. in 1871. 
He is a gentleman farmer. He 
was married in 1877 to Sarah Isa- 
bella, daughter of the late J. L. 
Biggar, who represented East Northumberland. He is interested in 
mining developments. He has represented West Elgin, Ontario, conti- 
nuously since the general election of 1872. He is the youngest member 
ever elected. He was the Government Whip under the Mackenzie 
Administration, and was also Liberal Whip for several years after, 
when he resigned in favor of the late Jaines Trow. Since 1875 he has 
consistently advocated for reform of the Civil Service similar to the 
English System. He succeeded in getting his plan endorsed by the several 
committees, and by the Civil Service Commission of 1880. He was 
elected at the general elections of 1874, 1878, 1882, 1887, 1891 and 1896. 
A Reformer. Fingal, O. 




L. A. CHAUVIN. 

(Terrebonne.) 

Leon Adolphe Chauvin was 
born at Terrebonne July 20, 1861. 
He was educated at the Montreal 
College. He is by profession an 
advocate, and is now a member of 
the law firm of Archambault & 
Chauvin, Montreal. He was mar- 
ried in 1889 to Miss Berthe Gag- 
non, of Quebec. In 1891 he held 
the office of Chief Census Officer 
for the Province of Quebec, Dis- 
trict of Montreal, and he wasSe- 
cretary of " La Societe Cariadienne 
d'Economie Sociale." He was 
first elected to the House of Com- 
mons at the general election held in 1896, when he defeated the Liberal 
candidate, Mr. P. F. E. Petit, by a majority of 128 votes. A Liberal- 
Conservative. Montreal. 




PERSONNEL OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



123 



P. A. CHOQUETTE, LL.B. 

(Montmcgny.) 

Philippe Auguste Choquette 
was born at Beloeil, County of 
Vercheres, January 6, 1854. He 
is the son of Mr. Joseph Choquette 
and Mrs. Marie T. Audet He was 
educated at the St. Hyacinthe 
College, and at Laval University, 
graduating a B.C.L. in 1880, after 
having previously won the Silver 
Medal donated by Lord Lorne 
In August, 1 883, he married Marie, 
daughter of Mr. A. Bender, Pro- 
thonotary, and a grand-daughter 
of the late Sir E. P. Tache. Mr. 
Choquette is engaged in practice 
as an advocate, but has been for some years contributing to the Press, and 
is the publisher of a newspaper. At the general elections of 1882 he was 
a candidate for his present seat, but was unsuccessful. He was first elected 
to the Commons at the general elections of 1887, and was re-elected at 
those of 1891 and 1896, A Liberal. Montin-agny, Q. 




E. COCHRANE, J.P. 

(East Northumberland.) 

Edward Cochrane was born in 
the Township of Cramahe, Ont, 
January i, 1834. He is the son 
of James Cochrane, of Yorkshire, 
England, and Mary Davis, of 
Wexford, Ireland, both of whom 
emigrated to the Township of 
Cramahe, Ont., in 1826. He was 
educated at Colborne, Ont. In 
August, 1856, he married, first, 
Miss M. Hicks, and second, in 
April, 1875, Ellen Louisa, daugh- 
ter of Stephen Thorn, Esq. He 
has held the position of Reeve, 
Deputy Reeve and Councillor of 

the Township of Cramahe for many years, and was, in 1880, Warden of the 
United Counties of Northumberland and Durham. He was first elected 
to the Commons at the general elections of 1 882. and was defeated in 1 887, 
The sitting member being unseated, a new election was held in December, 
1887, when Mr. Cochrane was elected, but the election being declared 
void another was held in November, 1888, and he was re-elected. He was 
also re-elected in 1891 and 1896. A Conservative. Edville, O. 




424 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



THOMAS CHRISTIE, M.D. 
(Argenteuil.) 

Dr. Thomas Christie was born 
in the City of Glasgow, Scotland, 
March 8, 1824, and was the third 
son of John Christie and Elizabeth 
Nicol, both of Stirlingshire, Scot- 
land. He came to Canada in 1827, 
and studied medicine at McGill 
College, where he graduated M. D. 
in 1848. In 1 847 he acted as Assis- 
tant Surgeon at Point St. Charles 
during the ship fever scourge in 
that year, and ever since then 
has been actively engaged in the 
practice of his profession, in which 
he has earned a deservedly high 
reputation. Dr. Christie was for some time Warden of Argenteuil, and 
for several years Chairman of the Board of School Commissioners /or the 
Parish of St. Jerusalem D'Argenteuil. He was first returned to Parliament 
for his present seat by acclamation on December 31, 1875 ; was re-elected 
in 1878, but unseated for the act of an agent. He was again re-elected in 
.1891, and again at the last general elections. A Liberal. LacJinte, Q. 




E. F. CLARKE. 
(Toronto West.) 

E. F. Clarke was elected one 
of the Conservative members for 
West Toronto at the last election. 
He is a native of Bailieboro, County 
Caven, Ireland, where he was born 
April 24, 1850. His father was 
Richard Clarke and his mother 
Eleanor Reynolds. He received 
his education at the National 
Model School, Bailieboro. He came 
early in life to Canada and estab- 
lished a flourishing printing and 
publishing business in Toronto, 
where he issued The Sentinel, He 
is at present the President and 
Managing Director of the Excelsior Life Insurance Company. Mr. Clarke 
is highly esteemed in the Queen City, as is evidenced by the fact that he 
has been four consecutive times elected to the Mayoralty. He has also 
been a member of the Ontario Legislature for two terms. Mr. Clarke is 
a man of strong convictions and fearless in stating and defending them. 
Toronto, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



J. CLANCY. 

(Bothwell.) 

James Clancy was born in the 
Township of Mosa, County of 
Middlesex, Ont, July 21, 1844, 
being the second son of the late 
Patrick Clancy, a native of the 
County of Roscommon, Ireland. 
He was married on July 28, 
1868, to Emily, daughter of the 
late Alex. Mclntosh. Mr. Clancy 
is by occupation a farmer. He has 
been a member of the Town 
Council of Dresden and has also 
been Reeve of Chatham on several 
occasions. He sat in the Legislative 
Assembly of Ontario from 1883 
until 1894, in which year he was an unsuccessful candidate. He was first 
elected to the House of Commons at the general election held in 1896, 
when he defeated the Hon. D. Mills, Liberal, by a vote of 2,587 to 2,528. 
A Conservative. Wallaceburg, O. 




ALBERT J S. CORP. 

(Digby.) 

Albert James Smith Copp was 
born at Amherst, N.S. He is of 
English descent. His father was 

D 

Thomas Copp, a Loyalist, who 
came from the United States. He 
was educated in Amherst Academy 
and also at Dorchester and Sack- 
ville, N.B. He married in 1881, 
Eliza, youngest daughter of James 
A. Dennison, Esq., of Digby. He 
was called to the Nova Scotia Bar 
in 1879. He has been the Crown 
Prosecutor for the County of Digby 
since 1887, and has achieved an 
enviable reputation, and ranks 

among the foremost of the Criminal lawyers of Nova Scotia. He has 
been engaged in many notable criminal trials. The last notable case was 
the prosecution of Peter Wheeler for the murder of Annie Kempton, at 
Bear River, Digby County, on the 29th of January, 1896, when upon purely 
circumstantial evidence he was found guilty. Mr. Copp is a namesake 
of Sir Albert James Smith, Minister of Marine and Fisheries during Alex- 
ander MacKenzie's administration. He was first returned to Parliament at 
the general elections of 1896, having defeated his opponent by a majority 
of 45. A Liberal. Digby, N.S. 




126 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




THOMAS C. CASGRAIN. 

(Montmorency.) 

Thomas Chase Casgrain was 
born in Detroit, Mich., U.S.A., 
July 28, 1852, and is the son of 
Senator C. E Casgrain, M.D.,and 
of Charlotte M. Chase, of Wind- 
sor, Ont. He was educated at the 
Seminary of Quebec and Laval 
University, where he graduated as 
Master of Laws in 1887, and took 
the Dufferin Medal. He was mar- 
ried May 15, 1878, to Marie 
Louise, daughter of Alex.LeMoine, 
Esq., and is by profession an ad- 
vocate and was appointed Q.C. in 
1887. He is Professor of Criminal 
Law of Laval University. He was Junior Counsel for the Crown at the 
trial of Louis Riel and other rebels at Regina, in July, 1885. He held a 
seat in the Quebec Legislature from 1886 to 1896, in which year he 
resigned, and was elected to the House of Commons. He was appointed 
to the Executive Council of the Province of Quebec in December, 1891, 
and was Attorney-General in the DeBoucherville Government, and was re- 
appointed to the same office in the Taillon Administration. Was Chair- 
man of the Commission which revised the Code of Civil Procedure of the 
Province of Quebec (1893-1897). Is the author of the Quebec Election 
Act of 1 895, and of several other important laws. A Conservative. 
Montreal. 



JOHN FERGUSON. 

(South Renfrew.) 

John Ferguson was born at 
Granart, Argyleshire, April 17. 
1840, and is the second son of the 
late Archibald Ferguson and Mar- 
garet Barr, both of whom were 
natives of Argyleshire, Scotland. 
In 1847 ne came to Canada and 
settled in Admaston. Mr. Fergu- 
son is now extensively engaged in 
lumbering and farming. He was 
first elected to the House of Com- 
mons at a by-election held in Au- 
gust, 1887. He was re elected at 
the general elections held in 1891 
and at the general elections of 
1896. An Independent-Conserva- 
tive. Admaston, O. 







PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



I2 7 




JOHN CHARLTON. 

(Nortli Norfolk.) 

John Charlton was born at 
Wheatland, near Caledonia, N.Y., 
February 3. 1829. His father was 
an Englishman, who came from 
Newcastle-upon Tyne in 1824, and 
his mother was of Scotch descent. 
He was educated at the McLaren 
Grammar School, Caledonia, N.Y., 
and at Springville Academy, 
Springville, N.Y. He came to 
Canada with his father's family 
in 1849. He is a lumberman and 
farmer, doing an extensive business 
in the lumber trade in Canada, 
Michigan and New York. He was 

first returned to Parliament in 1872, and has retained his seat there ever 
since, having completed twenty-five years of continuous service August 
5, 1897. He was Chairman of the Royal Mining Commission of Ontario 
in 1889. Mr. Charlton was the promoter of what is known as the " Charlton 
Act," a measure designed to afford protection to women and girls, which 
fixed the age of consent at sixteen years, making the seduction of a female 
under that age a misdemeanor, and providing for the punishment of seduc- 
tion under promise of marriage. He has for many years sought to secure 
legislation against Sunday newspapers, and to recognize Sunday rest 
as a civil right. He is also interested in fiscal legislation, and is deeply 
impressed with the importance of Church and Sabbath School work. He 
is regarded as the friend of moral legislation. A Liberal. Lymdoch, O. 



J. F. QUITE. 

(Honaventure.) 

Jean Francois Guite was born 
at Maria, P.O., March 30, 1852. Is 
the son of Francois Guite, farmer, 
and Rachel Ahier; a nephew of 
the late Vital Tetu, M.P.P., and 
full cousin to Hon. C. A. P. Pelle- 
tier, Speaker of the Senate of 
Canada. He was educated at the 
Laval Normal School, Quebec, 
where he succeeded in gaining a 
diploma, and is by occupation a 
general merchant. He was mar- 
ried to Miss Madeleine Caron, of 
Perce, Gaspe. He was elected to 
Parliament for his present seat, 
March 17, 1897. Maria, Q. 




128 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



MAHLON K. COWAN. 

(South Essex.) 

Mahlon K. Cowan was born 
May 10, 1863, in Mersea Town- 
ship, Essex County, Ontario. 
Descended from Irish and English 
parentage, his father coming from 
the North of Ireland to Canada in 
1842. He was educated at the 
Brantford and Collingwood Col- 
legiate Institutes, and entered upon 
the study of law under the Honor- 
able A. S. Hardy, Premier of 
Ontario, in 1885 ; graduated in 
1890, and commenced the practice 
of his profession in Windsor. Is 
now a partner of the law firm of 
Clarke, Cowan, Bartlet & Bartlet, of that city. Was nominated before the 
general elections of 1896, and was successful in the contest that followed 
over his opponent, Dr. King, Conservative, by a majority of 183, which is 
a record majority for the Constituency in Dominion politics, it never having 
been carried by a majority of over sixty either way since the County was 
divided into North and South Ridings. A Liberal. Windsor, O. 




FRANCIS T. FROST. 

(Leeds and Grenville.) 

Father and mother of Vermont 
parentage, resided in N. Y. State, 
up to 1834, when they moved into 
Canada, and subsequently settled 
at Smith's Falls, Ont. Born at 
Smith's Falls, December 21, 1843. 
Educated at the Grammar School 
there, and at St. Lawrence Aca- 
demy, Potsdam, N.Y. Married 
June 3, 1868, Maria E., daughter 
of the late C. Powell, Esq., of Ma- 
drid, N.Y. Is a manufacturer of 
agricultural implements. Was 
Reeve of Smith's Falls from Jan- 
uary i, 1876, until its erection into 
a town, January I, 1883, when he became its first Mayor. Was Warden 
of the County of Lanark in 1878 and 1879, and has been a School Trustee 
for four years. Was an unsuccessful candidate for the House of Com- 
mons at general election 1878, 1881 and 1891, and for Legislative Assem- 
bly, Ont., 1886. First returned to Parliament at general election 1896. A 
Liberal. Smith's Falls, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



129 




L. N. CHAMPAGNE. 
I Wright.) 

L. N. Champagne was born in 
St. Eustache, County of Two 
Mountains, on November 21, 
1860. He is a son of Honorable 
Charles L. Champagne, Judge of 
the Circuit Court in Montreal. He 
completed his education in St. 
Hyacinthe College, and followed 
a legal course in Laval University 
of Montreal, where he obtained the 
degrees of that institution. He 
studied law under Messrs. Girouard 
& Wurtele, and was admitted to 
the Bar in July, 1882. He settled 
in Hull, and for two years prac- 
ticed alone. In 1884 he formed a partnership with Mr. Alfred Rochon, 
Q.C. and ex-M.P.P , also of Hull, and the firm enjoys a large clientele. 
Married September 7, 1885, Aldee Chevrier, daughter of Alexandre 
Chevrier, Esq., of Hull. Mr. Champagne was elected an Alderman of that 
City in 1889, and Mayor in 1892. In 1896 he was again elected Mayor. 
He is the Batonnier of the Bar of the District of Ottawa. On the resig- 
nation of Mr. Devlin, the member for the County of Wright, to accept the 
position of Emigration Commissioner for Ireland, Mr. Champagne was 
elected for that constituency. A Liberal. Hull, Q. 



THOMAS EARLE. 
(Victoria City, B. C.) 

Thomas Earle was born in 
Leeds, Ont, September 27, 1837, 
and received his education in the 
Common Schools. His parents 
came from Ireland about 1820, and 
settled in Leeds. Removing to 
British Columbia, Mr. Earle start- 
ed business there as a general 
merchant, and in 1875 married 
Miss Elizabeth Mason. Mr. Earle 
has been a member of the muni- 
cipal Council of Victoria, and in 
that capacity has rendered impor- 
tant service to the city ; he was 
also a member of the Council of 
the Board of Trade. At a by-election held in October, 1889, he was first 
returned to Parliament by acclamation, and at the general election of 1891 
and 1896 was again re-elected. A Conservative. Victoria, B.C. 

9 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HENRY CORBY. 

(West Hastings.) 

Henry Corby was born in Belle- 
ville, May 2, 1851, and is of Eng- 
lish descent, his parents having 
come to Canada from Hanwell, 
County of Middlesex, England. 
He was educated at the Common 
School in Belleville, and at the 
Rockwood Academy, Ontario, and 
he also took a commercial course 
at Bryant & Stratton's Commer- 
cial College, Toronto. He mar- 
ried on Sept. 23, 1872, Maria Court- 
ney, of Belleville. He is in busi- 
ness as a distiller and importer of 
fine wines and liquors. He was 
foreman of No. I Hose Company, and was also First Assistant Chief of 
Belleville Fire Department. He is President of the Rambler's Bicycle 
Club, of the Bay of Quinte Yacht Club, and also of the Forest and Stream 
and Cricket Club. He was a Director of the Bay of Quinte Agricultural 
Exhibition. He was Vice-President of the Bay of Quinte Bridge Company 
and is also President of Belleville Hotel Company. He was first elect-, 
ed to Parliament at a by-election held March 17, 1888, by acclamation, 
and also elected again in 1891 and 1896. A Conservative. Belleville, O. 




J. L. E. DUGAS. 

(Montcalm.) 

Joseph Louis Euclide Dugas 
was born in Montcalm, August 30, 
1861, and is the son of the late 
Firman Dugas, who represented 
Montcalm in the House of Com- 
mons for several years, and who 
was also a member of the Legisla- 
tive Assembly of Quebec for six 
years. He was educated at the 
Joliette and Ottawa Colleges. He 
married, January 30, 1883, Lizzie, 
daughter of the late Thomas 
Rowan, J. P. Mr. Dugas is by 
occupation a farmer, and has been 
a School Commissioner since 1889. 

He was first elected to Parliament at the general elections of 1891, but, 
his election being declared void, he was re-elected at a by-election held 
March 3, 1892. He was again re-elected at the general elections held in 
1896, A Conservative. Montcalm, Q. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. JOHN COSTIGAN, J.P., P.O. 

(Victoria, N.B.) 

Born at St. Nicholas, P. Q., Feb- 
ruary i, 1835. Educated at St. 
Ann's College. Married to a 
daughter of Mr. John H. Ryan, ot 
Grand Falls, N.B., in 1855. Was 
a Judge of the Inferior Court Com- 
mon Pleas for Victoria County and 
Registrar of Deeds and Wills for 
the same County. First selected 
for present seat in 1861 for the Le- 
gislature of N.B. In the election 
of 1866, though having received 
a majority of the votes polled 
authorized the Returning Officer to 
declare his opponent elected & 
avoid a serious riot. Elected to the House of Commons in 1867 and at 
every general election since. Was appointed Minister of Inland Revenue 
in Sir John Macdonald's Cabinet, May, 23, 1882. Held that portfolio 
under Sir John Abbott's Government. Held the position of Secretary cf 
State under Sir John Thompson and that of Minister of Marine and Fish- 
eries in Sir Mackenzie Bowell's Administration until the resignation of the 
Government, July 8, 1896. Took a prominent part in the New Brunswick 
School Question. In 1882 moved an address to Her Majesty in favour of 
Home Rule for Ireland. It was carried unanimously in the Commons and 
in the Senate, and only six votes dissenting. A Conservative and strong 
advocate of the faithful observance of the rights of minorities guaranteed 
by the Constitution. Grand Falls, N.B. 



JOSEPH GAUTHIER. 

(L'Assomption.) 

Joseph Gauthier was born at St. 
Lin, Province of Quebec, in 1842, 
and received his education and 
training there. He combines the 
business of merchant with that of 
farmer, in both of which occupa- 
tions he has been very successful. 
He first engaged in politics in 1887, 
at the general election of which 
year he was elected to Parliament, 
but was unseated. He was again 
re-elected in April, 1888. At the 
general election of 1891 he was 
re-elected, but was unseated for 
the second time. At the last gen- 
eral election, in 1896, he was again re-elected. Laurentides, Q. 




132 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



T. D. CRAIG. 

(Durham East.) 

Thomas Dixon Craig was born 
in London, England, but was 
brought to Canada while still an 
infant. He was educated at To- 
ronto University, from which he 
graduated in 1864, with the dis- 
tinction of Gold Medalist in Meta- 
physics. Mr. Craig sat in the 
Legislative Assembly of Ontaiio 
from 1886 to 1890. While a mem- 
ber of that body he introduced the 
motion respecting French Schools 
in the province, which was the 
cause of Hon. Oliver Mowat ap- 
pointing a Commission on the 
subject. At the general elections of 1890 for the Ontario Legislature, the 
question brought forward in the motion formed one of the principal planks 
of the Conservative Party. He was first elected to the Dominion Parlia- 
ment in 1891. He is in favor of Prohibition, and also strongly opposed 
Remedial Legislation with respect to Manitoba Separate Schools, and at 
the general elections in 1896 was again re-elected. A Liberal-Conserv- 
ative. Port Hope, O. 




G. W. GANONG. 

(Charlotte.) 

Gilbert White Ganong was born 
at Springfield, King's County, N. 
B., and is a descendant of Jean 
Guenon, a Huguenot of France, 
who on April 2, 1657, sailed from 
Amsterdam, landing at Flushing, 
Long Island, and is also a descen- 
dant of Thomas Ganong, a U. E. 
Loyalist, who arrived at St. John, 
N.B., in 1783. He was educated 
at Springfield. Mr. Ganong is 
President of Ganong Bros. Ltd., 
the largest confectionery manufac- 
turing establishment in Eastern 
Canada. He married in October, 

1876, Maria F., daughter of Mr. J. B. Robinson. He is a member of the 
Senate of the University of New Brunswick, and has been a member of 
the Board of School Trustees of St. Stephen for ten years. He was first 
elected to the House in 1896. An Independent-Conservative. St. Ste- 
phen, N.B. 




PERSONNEL OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 133 




N. F. DAVIN. 

(West Assiniboia.) 

Nicholas Flood Davin was born 
at Kilfinane, County of Limerick, 
Ireland, June 13, 1843, being de- 
scended from families long set- 
tled in Tipperary. Married July 
25, 1895, Elizabeth, daughter of 
James Reid, Ottawa. He was 
educated at Queen's University, 
Ireland, and at College affiliated 
to the University of London. He 
is by profession a Barrister. He 
was called to the Bar of the Middle 
Temple, London, in 1868, and was 
subsequently called to the Bar of 
Ontario, and is also a Barrister of 
the North- West Territories. He was appointed a Q.C. by the Dominion 
Government on October 27, 1892. Mr. Davin has also had considerable 
experience as a journalist, having been War Correspondent for the Dublin 
Irish Times and the London Standard during the Franco-German War, 
being wounded at the siege of Montmedy. In March, 1883, he established 
the Regina Leader. He is the author of several well-known works in 
prose and verse. He ran for Haldimand in 1878, but was defeated. In 
1879 went to Washington as Commissioner to enquire into the system in 
the United States of educating Indian children ; thence he visited the 
Agencies; thence went to Winnipeg and conferred with Archbishop 
Tache, Pere Lacombe, the Hon. James Mackay, Messrs. Geo. and John 
McTavish and others, and visited reserves, and it is on his report the 
present system of educating Indian children in the North West is based. 
He in Parliament has been the means of removing a number of North- 
West grievances, and obtaining concessions culminating in the Act of 
1897, giving them responsible government. On March 1 1, 1897, at a 
grand convention at Regina, he was elected President of the Liberal- 
Conservative Association for the whole Territories. He was first returned 
in 1887, and re-elected in 1891 and 1896. A Conservative. Regina, 
N. W. T. 



134 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



A. M. DECHENE. 

(L'Islet.) 

Arthur Miville Dechene was 
born in 1848, his father being 
Miville Dechene, and his mother 
Luce Talbot, both of the same 
County. His father ran twice for 
the County of L'Islet, but without 
success. His brother, Gilbert 
Miville, has represented the Coun- 
ty in the Legislative Assembly of 
Quebec for the last ten years, 
being 25 years of age at the time 
of his first election, and is pre- 
sently the Honorable Minister of 
Agriculture. Mr. Dechene was 

O 

educated in St. Anne's College, and 

married in 1871 Miss Aurore Ouellet, of Ste. Louise. He resided for some 
time at Seven Islands, Me., on one of his farms, but now lives at the seigni- 
orial manor of St. Roch des Aulnaies. He also owns the seigniory of St. 
Roch, Ste. Anne and St. Francois, Island of Orleans, County of Montmo- 
rency. He is a lumber merchant, and carries on business in the State of 
Maine and the Province of New Brunswick. Was first returned to Parlia- 
ment at the general elections of 1896. Village des Aulnaies, Q. 








THOMAS FORTIN. 

(Laval.) 

Thomas Fortin was born at St. 
Francis, County of Beauce, and is 
descended from an old FYench 
family which resided near Rouen, 
France. He was educated in the 
Elementary School of the locality, 
and was afterwards under private 
tuition in Quebec and Montreal. 
He studied for the law, and after 
passing through a brilliant course 
was admitted to the Bar of the 
Province of Quebec in 1882. In 
1888 he was appointed Professor 
of Civil and Municipal Law in 
McGill University, which impor- 
tant position he still retains, his high standing as an authority on these 
subjects being generally recognized. He first entered the political field in a 
by-election for the Local House in 1888, and was defeated. Ran again at 
the provincial general elections in 1890, and was again defeated. Was 
finally returned at general elections in 1896. A Liberal. Ste. Rose, Q. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



135 



ODILON DESMARAIS, 

(St. James Division, Montreal.) 

Odilon Desmarais was born in 
Joliette, February 28, 1854. His 
family emigrated from Normandy, 
France, one of whom was a son-in- 
law to Champlain. He was edu- 
cated at the Joliette College and at 
McGill University, where he grad- 
uated a B.C.L. in March, 1876, 
getting at the same time the pre- 
mium of thesis. In May, 1877, he 
married a sister of the late Mr. A, 
Gelinas, who was Editor of La 
Minerve. Mr. Desmarais has been 
President of several local societies, 
and was a Councillor of St. Hya- 
cinthe for two years. He is by profession an advocate, and has for several 
years been a journalist. He represented St. Hyacinthe in the Legisla- 
tive Assembly of Quebec from 1890 to 1892. He was first elected to the 
House of Commons at the general elections held in 1896. Practicing his 
profession in Montreal since 1892, he particularly distinguished himself 
as counsel for the defense in the celebrated murder case of Demers. He 
is actually Crown Prosecutor for the Montreal District. A Liberal. Mon- 
treal. 




DUNCAN GRAHAM. 

(North Ontario.) 

Duncan Graham was born in 
the Township of Thora, County of 
Ontario, Province of Ontario, on 
October 5, 1845, He is of Scotch 
descent, and is the son of Archi- 
bald Graham and Anne McQuaig, 
both of whom were natives of 
Islay, Scotland. He was educated 
in the Public Schools in the Dis- 
trict of Thora. Mr. Graham's 
occupation is farming in all its 
branches. He has occupied several 
public offices, such as Councillor, 
Deputy Reeve and Reeve of Mara 
Township for a period of ten 
years, and was also Warden of the County of Ontario for 1896. He was 
first elected to the House of Commons for the North Riding of Ontario 
County at a by-election held in February, 1897. A Liberal-Independent. 
Gamebridge, 0. 




136 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




defeated in 1882, and re-elected in 
Rot he say, N.B. 



LIEUT.-COL. JAMES DOMVILLE. 

(Kings, N.B.) 

James Domville, son of the late 
Lieut. -General James William 
Domville and Frances, daughter of 
Hon. Wm. Usher, was born on 
Nov. 29, 1842. He was educated 
in England. Married, in 1867, Isa- 
bel, daughter of the late Wm. H. 
Scovil, Esq., of St. John, N.B. Was 
at one time extensively engaged in 
iron manufacturing. Has been 
President of King's Co. Board of 
Trade. Is a Lieut.-Col. of the 8th 
Princess Louise Hussars. He was 
first elected to the House of Com- 
mons at the general elections 1872, 
1896. A Liberal. -- The Willows, 




J. M. DOUGLAS. 

(East Assiniboia.) 

James Moffatt Douglas was born 
in Linton.Bankhead.Roxborough- 
shire, Scotland, on May 26, 1838. 
He was educated at the Parish 
School there, and at Toronto 
University and Knox College, 
Toronto, and afterwards graduated 
at the Theological Seminary, 
Princeton, NJ. In 1861 he mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of Mr. George 
Smith. Mr. Douglas has been 
a minister of the Presbyterian 
Church in Canada from 1867, and 
was also in pastoral charge at 
Uxbridge and Cobourg, Ont.. 

Brandon, Man., and Moosomin, N.W.T. He was also, from 1876 to 1882, a 
pioneer missionary to Central India, and the Chaplain to Her Majesty's 
Troops at Mhow. He has taken an active part in the development of the 
North-West Territories, and of the Presbyterian Church in Manitoba. 
He was a member of the Ontario Board of Public Instruction, and was In- 
spector of the Common Schools in the Township of Uxbridge. He was 
Chairman of the High School Board, Cobourg, and was also President of 
the Cobourg Evangelical Alliance. He was first elected to Parliament at 
the general elections held in 1896. He is a Liberal, but was nominated 
by the Patrons of Industry as an Independent. Tanlallon, Assa. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



137 



W. C. EDWARDS. 

(Russell.) 

William Cameron Edwards was 
born in the Township of Clarence, 
Ont., in 1844, being a son of the 
late Wm. Edwards, of Portsmouth, 
Eng., who came to Canada about 
the year 1820. He was educated 
at the Ottawa Grammar School. 
He married in January, 1885, the 
eldest daughter of William Wilson, 
Esq., of Cumberland. Mr. Ed- 
wards is by occupation a lumber 
manufacturer. In 1882 he was 
an unsuccessful candidate for the 
seat he now holds. He was first 
elected to Parliament at the general 

election of 1887, but, his election being declared void, a new election was 
held on May 7, 1888, when he was re-elected. He was also re-elected at the 
general elections of 1891 and 1896. A Liberal. Rockland, O. 




P. M. QUAY, M.D. 

(Levis. ) 

Pierre Malcolm Guay was born 
at St. Romuald d'Etchemin, March 
26, 1848. He is a son of the late 
Francois Xavier Guay, his mother 
being Marie Adelaide Cote His 
ancestors, who came from Saint- 
onge, France, were among the 
first settlers of Pointe Levis. Dr. 
Guay was educated at the Quebec 
Seminary and at Laval University, 
at Quebec, where he graduated A. 
B. in 1868 and M.D. in 1872. He 
married, May 12, 18/4, Marie 
Louise Antoinette Roy, daughter 
of the late T. E. Roy, formerly 
Sergeant-at-Arms of the Legislative Council of Quebec, who died May 
24, 1892. Dr. Guay, who has been practicing medicine and surgery in 
St. Romuald since 1872, has been a Governor of the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons of the Province of Quebec since 1883. He was also 
Municipal Councillor and Mayor of the village of St. Romuald d'Etche- 
min. He has been the Liberal Whip for the Province of Quebec since 
1891. He was first returned to Parliament at the by-election held April 
14, 1885, and was re-elected at the general elections of 1887, 1891 and 
1896. A Liberal. Etchemin, Q. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



JOSEPH GODBOUT, M.D. 

(Beauce.) 

Joseph Godbout was born at St. 
Vital de Lambton, County of 
Beauce, and is the son of Joseph 
Godbout, farmer, who was a de- 
scendant of the pioneer settler in 
St. Vital de Lambton, County of 
Beauce. He was educated at La- 
val University and the Quebec 
Seminary. He graduated at Laval 
University in March, 1877, in 
medicine, and subsequently re- 
moved to St. Francois, where he 
has followed his profession ever 
since. He has been married twice ; 
first on October 8, 1878, at Que- 
bec, to Rachel Audet, who died January 21, 1881, and second to Mrs. G. 
N. Fauteux, nee Hermine St. Pierre. He was elected Governor of the 
Bureau of Physicians for the Province of Quebec in July, 1895. He was 
first elected to Parliament at the general election of 1887, and re-elected 
at the general elections held in 1891 and 1896. A Liberal. St. Fran- 
cois, Beauce, Q. 




JOHN FRASER. 

(East Lambton.) 

John Fraser was born in Inver- 
ness-shire, Scotland, March 3, 1849, 
and is the son of late Donald Fra- 
ser, of Inverness-shire, and Jane 
Noble, of Ross-shire, Scotland, who 
came to Canada in 1850. He was 
educated in the Public Schools, in 
the Middlesex Seminary and by 
private tuition. Mr. Fraser is en- 
gaged in the production of petro- 
leum, and is a Director of the Pe- 
trolia Crude Oil & Tanking Co. 
He married on April 23, 1879, 
Ellen Harlow, daughter of James 
McGill, Esq., of Petrolia. He has 
been manager of the Crown Savings & Loan Co. during the past 10 years, 
and has been Councillor and four years Mayor of Petrolia. He has also 
been President of the Petrolia Club, DurTerin Club, Petrolia Literary So- 
ciety, St. Andrew's Society, Shakespeare Club, and Chieftain of the Clan 
Fraser for the London District. He was first elected to the House of 
Commons at the general elections of 1896. A Liberal. Petrolia, O. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



A. E. DYMENT. 

(Algoma.) 

Albert Edward Dyment was 
born at Lynden, County of Went- 
worth, Ont, in 1869. He is of 
English and Scotch descent, being 
a son of Nathaniel Dyment, whose 
father, John Dyment, was a native 
of Devonshire, England, and his 
mother, Annie McRae, of Inver- 
ness-shire, Scotland. He was edu- 
cated at Barrie Collegiate Institute, 
and later at the Upper Canada 
College. He was married June i, 
1892, to Edith F. Chapman, of 
Hamilton, daughter of the late A. 
J. Chapman, of London, Ont. He 

is by occupation a lumberman. He is the youngest member of the present 
House of Commons but one, and the first Liberal member returned from 
Algoma. He was elected a Councillor of Barrie at the age of 22. He 
was first elected to Parliament in June, 1896, when he defeated his oppo- 
nent, Mr. G. H. MacDonnell, by a vote of 3,176 to 1,349, turning a 
former Conservative majority of 438 into a Liberal majority of 1827 
A Liberal. Tkessalon, O. 




DAVID HENDERSON. 

(Hal ton.) 

David Henderson was born in 
the Township of Nelson, Ont., 
February 18, 1841, and is the son 
of John Henderson, who in 1832 
emigrated from Scotland, and set- 
tled in the Township of Nelson, 
Ont. He was educated at the 
Milton Grammar School, and at 
the Normal School, Toronto. Mr. 
Henderson is engaged in business 
as a general merchant. He married 
in 1865, Alison, daughter of Mr. 
Charles Christie. He has been a 
member of the Municipal Councils 
of Milton and Acton. In 1866 he 
was appointed Deputy Registrar of Deeds for the County of Halton, and 
continued so until 1873. He was first elected to the Commons at a by- 
election held in 1888, but his election was declared void. In 1891 he was 
re-elected, but was unseated, and in 1892 was again re elected, also in 1896. 
A Conservative, and an ardent supporter of the N.P. Acton, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 






d. A. C. ETHIER. 

(Two Mountains.) 




J. A. C. Ethier, the new mem- 
ber for Two Mountains, was born 
at St. Benoit, in the District which 
he represents in the House, on 
May 26, 1868. His father is J. 
Bte. Ethier, a successful and high- 
ly esteemed farmer of St. Benoit. 
Mr. Ethier was educated at Mon- 
treal College, and afterwards 
studied law, being admitted to the 
Bar in January, 1895. Previous to 
that date he acted as Deputy Pro- 
thonotary of the Superior Court 
for the District of Terrebonne, at 
St. Scholastique, from 1888 to 

1 895, and it was at that place that he prosecuted his legal studies under Hon. 
Wilfred Prevost, C.R. Though but a short time in the actual practice of 
his profession, Mr. Ethier's thorough experience and long preliminary 
training have given him an amount of knowledge of the literature and 
practical methods of the law which give him an assured standing in his 
profession. He is a ready debater, an acute reasoner, and will undoubt- 
edly justify the choice of his constituents. He was married in April, 
1889, to Therese Fortier, daughter of Dr. L. A. Fortier, of St. Scholas- 
tique, and was elected to represent Two Mountains at the last general 
elections. A Liberal. Ste. Scholastique, Q. 




CHARLES B. HEYD. 

(South Brant.) 

Charles Bernhard Heyd was 
born in Rochester, N.Y., February 
23, 1842, his father being a native 
of Switzerland, and his mother a 
Prussian. He received his early 
education in Rochester, but after- 
wards attended school at Brant- 
ford. He is a merchant by occu- 
pation, and for five years filled the 
office of Alderman of that city. 
He has also been Mayor for three 
years and a half, and Water Com 
missioner for ten years. He was 
elected to his present seat at the 
by-election held February 4, 1897. 
At the general elections of 1896 Robert Henry (Conservative) was elected, 
but his election was voided. A Liberal. Brantford, O. 



PERSONNEL OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



141 



D. K. ERB. 

(South Perth.) 

Dilman Kinsey Erb, who repre- 
sents South Perth in the new 
Parliament, is of Pennsylvania- 
Dutch descent and was born in 
the County of Waterloo, Ont., in 
1857. He was educated at the 
Public Schools of his native place, 
and taught school eight years. He 
has been School Trustee for nine 
years, and has always taken a 
lively interest in the promotion of 
education within the sphere of his 
influence. For four years he was 
President of the Sebringville Flax 
Co., Ltd., and took much interest 

in the development of the growth of that crop in the district. He was Town- 
ship Councillor for two years and Deputy Reeve for three years. He is 
highly respected for his business ability and straightforwardness in all his 
transactions, and has always been a thorough-going Liberal in politics, and 
will always be found ready to support every measure which commends itself 
to his judgment as being for the best interests of the country. He was 
elected to the Dominion House at the last general elections for the first 
time. A Liberal. Sebringville, O. 




H. S. HARWOOD. 

(Vaudreuil.) 

Henry Stanislaus Harwood was 
born in Vaudreuil, P.Q., August 8, 
1840, and is the fifth son of the 
late Hon. Robert Unwin Har- 
wood, a native of Sheffield, Eng., 
who represented the Rigaud divi- 
sion in the Legislative Council of 
Canada until his death in 1863, his 
mother being a daughter oif the 
late Hon. Alain Chartierde Lotbi- 
niere, Seigneur of Vaudreuil, de 
Lotbiniere and Rigaud, and grand- 
daughter of the Marquis de Lot- 
biniere, He was educated at St. 
Mary's College, Montreal, and is by 
profession Provincial Land Surveyor. He married, May 17, 1864, Josephine- 
Sidney, daughter of the late J. C. Brauneis, Esq. Was first returned 
to Parliament at the general elections of 1891 ; was unseated, but re-elected 
in 1893. Re-elected at the general elections of 1896. Vaudreuil, Q. 




T42 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



J. V. ELLIS. 
(St. John City.) 

John Valentine Ellis was born 
in Halifax, N.S., in 1835, of Irish 
parents. He moved to Montreal 
in 1854, and was resident there 
for about three years, returning 
again to the Lower Provinces, this 
time locating in St. John, N.B. 
He married in 1864, at Frederic- 
ton, N.B., a daughter of the late 
Samuel Babbitt, Esq. He is 
a journalist by profession, being 
editor of the St. John Daily 
Globe. He held the appointment 
of postmaster of St. John for a 
short period. Was a member of 
the New Brunswick Assembly from 1882 until January, 1887, when he 
resigned to contest his present seat for the Commons at the general 
elections of that year, in which he was successful. Defeated in 1891, he 
was re-elected in 1896. Mr. Ellis is well known throughout Canada in 
connection with the Queen's, N.B. election in 1887, having been con- 
demned by the Supreme Court of New Brunswick to pay a fine of $200 
and undergo imprisonment for one month for contempt of court through 
his criticisms affecting a judgment rendered in connection with the elec- 
tion in that County by Judge Tuck. Mr. Ellis' friends all over Canada 
raised two thousand dollars and paid the greater part of his expenses. 
A Liberal. St. \John, N.B. 




W. T. HODGINS. 

(Carleton, Ont ) 

William Thomas Hodgins was 
born in the Township of Goul- 
burn, February 27, 1857. He is the 
-son of the late Mr. John Hodgins, 
and a grandson of Mr. William 
Hodgins, a native of Tipperary, 
Ireland, who was one of the pioneer 
settlers in Carleton Co., Ont. He 
was educated at the Common 
School at Goulburn. He is by oc- 
cupation a farmer. In 1888 he was 
a member of Municipal Council of 
the Township of Goulburn. First 

returned to the House of Commons 

at the general election in 1891, 

and re-elected in 1896. A Conservative. Hazeldtan, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



143 



HERCULE DUPRE. 

(St. Mary's Division, Montreal.) 

Hercule Dupre was born in the 
year 1842 at Vercheres, Vercheres 
Co., Que., his father being the late 
Captain Pierre Dupre, a wealthy 
farmer, whose family is one of the 
oldest in the County. Mr. Dupre 
was educated at the Parish School, 
and remained on his father's farm 
until he was about 28 years of age, 
when he left his native place and 
settled in Montreal, starting in the 
lumber business in company with 
Mr. Chausse, doing a prosperous 
business. After four years a third 
member was added to the firm, 

which became known as Chausse, Dupre & Cie., continuing so for eight 
years. Retiring from the business, Mr. Dupre formed a partnership with his 
brother as Dupre & Freres, lumber merchants, which continued prosper- 
ously until 1891, when his brother retired and he continued alone. In 
1862 he was married to Mile. Vitaline Giard, of Contrecceur, Que. He 
has taken a deep interest in municipal affairs almost since his settlement 
in Montreal, and in 1894 was chosen by the electors of St. Mary's Ward 
to represent them in the City Council, being returned by a majority of 
434. First returned to Parliament at the general elections of 180,6 defeat- 
ing his opponent by a majority of 1,363 votes. A Liberal. Montreal. 




CHRISTIAN KLOEPFER. 

(South Wellington.) 

Christian Kloepfer was born in 
New Germany, County of Water- 
loo, Ont., December 22, 1847, and 
is of German descent, his parents 
having emigrated from Baden, 
Germany, to Canada about 1842. 
He was educated at the Parochial 
School in New Germany. Mr. 
Kloepfer is in business as a whole- 
sale carriage hardware merchant. 
He married in June, 1880, Eliza- 
beth Murphy, of Guelph. He is a 
director of several trading institu- 
tions, and has been an alderman of 
Guelph. He was first elected to 
the House of Commons at the general elections held in 1896. 
Conservative. Guelph, O. 




A Liberal- 



144 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



JOSEPH FEATHERSTON. 

(Peel.) 

Joseph Featherston was born in 
the Township of Trafalgar, County 
of Halton, July 22, 1843, his fa- 
ther being a native of Durham 
County, Eng., and his mother of 
Ireland. He was educated in the 
County- He married February 6, 
1867, Isabella, daughter of John 
Malloy, of the Township of Vaug- 
han. Mr. Featherston is a farmer, 
and is also a breeder and dealer in 
thoroughbred stock. He has held 
the offices of a Municipal Council- 
lor, Deputy Reeve and Reeve. In 
1887 he was President of the 

Dominion Live Stock Association, and was also first Vice-President of the 
Dominion Live Stock Insurance Co. in 1887-1888, and in 1890 and 1891 
was President of the Canadian Swine Breeders' Association. First returned 
to Parliament at the general elections of 1891, but, his election being 
declared void, he was re-elected at a by-election held February 1 1. 1892.. 
Re-elected at the general elections held in 1 896. A Liberal. Streetsville, O 




FREDERIC HARDINGE HALE. 

(Carleton, N.13.) 

Frederic Hardinge Hale was 
born at Northampton, Carleton 
Co., N.B., December 8, 1844. 
Fourth son of Martin Hale, who 
(with his brother, who was the pro- 
prietor of a wholesale clothing 
store in St. John, N.B.) emigrated 
to New Brunswick from the North 
of Ireland in 1815. Martin Hale 
settled in the Parish of Northamp 
ton, and married Hilda Dickinson, 
the daughter of Hardinge Dickin- 
son, a U. E. Loyalist. Mr. Hale 
has been in business as a lumber 
merchant for twenty five years. 
He married first, Rhoda, daughter of George McGee, Esq. ; second, 
Emma E., daughter of Moses Boyer, Esq. ; third, Lina N., daughter of J. 
Faulkner, of King's County, N.B. Mr. Hale was first elected to Parliament 
at the general election in 1887, and sat until the dissolution in 1891. He 
declined nomination in 1891. He was a candidate, and elected at the 
general election in 1896. A Liberal-Conservative. Woodstock, N.B. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




WILLIAM GIBSON. 

(Lincoln &> Niagara.) 

William Gibson was born at 
Peterhead, Scotland, August 7, 
1849, being the eldest son of the 
late Mr. Wm. Gibson, ship builder 
there. He was educated at the 
Peterhead Academy. Was married 
in 1876 to Jennie Hill, eldest 
daughter of the late Mr. John F. 
Davidson, merchant, Hamilton, 
Out. He came to Canada in 1870 
and entered the service of the old 
Great Western Railway. Is an 
Associate Member of the Canadian 
Society of Civil Engineers, and a 
Railway Contractor, having been 
engaged on a large number of important Public Works, chief among which 
was the masonry work of both ends of the St. Clair Tunnel, also the enlarge- 
ment of the New Welland Canal on Section J, near Thorold, Ontario. 
For the past twenty years he has built the masonry of all the principal 
structures on the Grand Trunk Railway west of Toronto, and at present 
is engaged in building the masonry of the new and enlarged Victoria 
Bridge, Montreal. In addition to his being a Railway Contractor, he owns 
and operates two of the most extensive limestone quarries in Canada near 
Beamsville, and at Crookston. He is President of the Hamilton Street 
Ry. and a Director of the Bank of Hamilton, The Hamilton Provident 
& Loan Society, The Hamilton Gas Light Company, The Keewatin 
Power Company, Norman, Ont., and the Keewatin Lumbering and Manu- 
facturing Co., Keewatin, Ontario. He is also a Director of the Presby- 
terian Ladies' College, Toronto. Takes a great interest in Freemasonry, 
and is Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada. Was first returned 
to Parliament in 1891. Unseated on petition; re-elected with a largely 
increased majority at by-election the following year, and again at the 
general elections of 1896. Is Liberal whip for the Province of Ontario in 
the Dominion House of Commons and Chairman of the Joint Committee 
on Printing of both Houses of Parliament. Beamsville, O. 



10 



146 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. J. G. HAGGART. 

(South Lanark.) 

The Hon. John Graham Hag- 
gart was born in Perth, Ont., No- 
vember 14, 1836. He is the son 
of John Haggart, Esq., formerly 
of Breadalbane, Perthshire, Scot- 
land, and afterwards of Perth, La- 
nark, Ont., and Isabella Graham 
of Isle of Skye, Inverness-shire, 
Scotland. He was Mayor of Perth 
for several years At the general 
elections of 1867 and 1869 he 
was a candidate for South Lanark 
in the Legislative Assembly of 
Ontario, but was defeated. He 
was first elected to Parliament in 
1872, and was re-elected in 1874, 1878, 1882, 1887, 1891 and 1896. In 
August, 1888, he was sworn of the Privy Council, and appointed Post- 
master-General, and held office until January, 1892, when he received the 
appointment of Minister of Railways and Canals. He has been a mem- 
ber of the Macdonald, Abbott, Thompson, Bowell and Tupper Adminis- 
trations, and retired with the latter Administration in July, 1896. A 
Liberal-Conservative. Perth, O. 




A. B. INGRAM. 

(East Elgin.) 

Andrew B. Ingram was born at 
Strabane, County of Wentworth, 
April 23, 1851, and is the second 
son of the late Thomas Ingram of 
Quebec. His grandfather was a na- 
tive of Tyrone, Ireland, and served 
nineteen years in the British 
Army under the Duke of Welling- 
ton, and afterwards removed to the 
County of Halton, Ont. He was 
educated at Morristown and Aber- 
foyle, Ont. He held a seat in the 
Legislative Assembly of Ontario 
for West Elgin from 1886 until 
1890. In June, 1882, he married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Allen Mclntyre, of Aberfoyle. He was first 
elected to the House of Commons in 1891, but his election was declared 
void, and a by-election was held in February, 1892, when he was re-elected. 
He was also re-elected at the general elections of 1896. A Liberal-Con- 
servative. St. Thomas, O. 




PERSONNEL OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



147 



D. C. FRASER. 

(Guysborough.) 

Duncan Cameron Fraser was 
born in the County of Pictou, N.S., 
October I, 1845. He is of Scot- 
tish descent, his grandparents com- 
ing from Inverness, Scotland. 
He was educated at Dalhousie 
College, Halifax, from whence he 
graduated in 1872. In October, 
1878, he was married to a daugh- 
ter of Wm. Graham, Esq., of New 
Glasgow. Studied law and was 
admitted to the Bar of Nova Sco- 
tia in 1873. Has been twice Mayor 
of New Glasgow, and several times 
President of the Alumni of Dal- 
housie College. Mr. Fraser is a prominent Freemason, and was Grand 
Master of the Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia. In 1878 he was a member 
of the Legislative Council of that province and of the Hill Administration, 
but resigned the same year. In 1887 was reappointed to the Council, and 
became a member of the Executive without portfolio, and was Leader of the 
Government in the Legislative Council from 1887 to 1891, when he re- 
signed to run for the Commons. He was successful, and was re-elected at 
the general elections of 1896. A Liberal. New Glasgow, N.S. 




GEORGE McHUGH. 

(South Victoria, Ont.) 

George McHugh was born in 
the Township of Ops, County of 
Victoria, July 7, 1845, and is the 
3rd son of the late Patrick Mc- 
Hugh and Anne Walker, who 
emigrated from Ireland. He is a 
grandson of Sergt. Roger Mc- 
Hugh, who served under Welling- 
ton. He was educated at the 
common schools in the vicinity. 
He is by occupation a farmer. He 
was married in Peterborough, 
February 25, 1873, to Margaret, 
only daughter of the late James 
O'Neill. He held the office of 
President of the Reform Association of South and West Victoria, and was 
also a Member of the Ontario Executive Reform Association. He was 
first elected to the House of Commons at the general elections held in 
1896. A Liberal. Lindsay. O. 




148 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



C. A. GAUVREAU. 

(Temiscouata.) 

Charles Arthur Gauvreau was 
born at St. Jean Baptiste, Isle 
Verte, County of Temiscouata, 
September 29, 1860, his father 
being L. N. Gauvreau, Esq., N.P. 
He is the Seigneur of the manor of 
that name, and nephew of the late 
Sir N. F. Belleau, first Lieut.-Gov- 
ernor of the Province of Quebec. 
He was educated at the College of 
Rimouski, where he took the de- 
gree of A.B., and at Laval Uni- 
versity, Quebec. He is a notary 
by profession, and studied law in 
the office of Messrs. Laurier, La- 
vergne & Cote. Mr. Gauvreau is a Commissioner of the Superior Court, 
also Commissioner for the Decision of Small Cases, and Recording Secre- 
tary of L' Alliance National of Princeville,also holding the office of Secre- 
tary-Treasurer for the Municipal Council of St. Norbert, Arthabaska. He 
is the author of several works, among which are "The History of Isle 
Verte," " The History of Trois Pistoles." He also published two Can- 
adian stories, " Captive et Bourreau," " Les Epreuves d'un Orphelin." 
First elected to Parliament by acclamation at the by-election held in the 
latter part of 1897, owing to the death of Charles Eugene Pouliot, the sit- 
ting member. A Liberal. Stanfold, Q. 




J. F, LISTER, Q.C. 

(West Lambton.) 

James Frederick Lister was born 
at Belleville, Ont., June 21, 1843, 
and is the eldest son of Mr. George 

o 

Lister, fifth son of Captain James 
Lister of the British Revenue 
Service. He was educated at the 
Sarnia Grammar School. Mr. 
Lister formerly studied law with 
his uncle, Mr. F. Davis, Judge of 
Middlesex County, and was admit- 
ted as an Attorney in September, 
1865. Was called to the Bar of 
Ontario in 1875, and was appointed 
Q.C. by the Ontario Government 
in 1890. He has held the office 
of Crown Prosecutor at the assizes for several years. He was first elected 
to the House of Commons at the general election held in 1882, and was 
re-elected at those of 1887, 1891 and 1896. A Liberal. Sarnia, O. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



149 



J. A. GILLIES, M.A..Q.C. 

(Richmond, N.S.) 

Joseph Alexander Gillies was 
born at Irish Cove, Red Islands, 
Cape Breton, September 17, 1849. 
He is the third son of the late John 
Gillies, of Inverness shire, Scotland, 
and Mary McLean, of Coll, 
Argyleshire. He was educated at 
St. Francois Xavier's College, 
Antigonish, N.S., graduating an 
M.A. in 1870. In 1875 he was 
called to the Bar of Nova Scotia, 
and was Clerk of the Peace for 
Cape Breton for some years, and 
afterwards held the same office for 
the Municipality, which he 
resigned, and is now Solicitor for the latter Corporation. In 1872 he was 
appointed Registrar of Probate for the County, and held that position 
until Febry., 1887, when he resigned. He married in July, 1883, Josephine 
Eulalie, daughter of Seraphin Bertrand, ofPrescott, Out. In 1887 he was 
a candidate for Cape Breton, but was defeated. He was first elected to 
Parliament in 1891, but the election being declared void, he was re-elected 
in January, 1892, at a by-election, and was re-elected in 1896. Was 
created Queen's Counsel by the Dominion Government in 1895. A 
strong advocate of Imperial Federation and in the closest possible unifi- 
cation of the British Empire. A Liberal-Conservative. Sydney, Cape 
Breton, N.S. 




H. J. LOGAN. 

(Cumberland.) 

Hance James Logan was born 
at Amherst Point, N.S., April 26, 
1869, and is the son of James 
Archibald Logan. His mother 
was a daughter of Hance B. Hunter, 
of Scottish descent, and who was 
a leading Justice of Cumberland. 
He was educated at the Model 
School,Truro, the Pictou Academy, 
and at Dalhousie University, from 
which institution he graduated in 
1891 as a Bachelor of Laws. Mr. 
Logan is at present a practising 
barrister of Nova Scotia. He 
married in 1891 Eleanor L. Kinder. 
He was first elected to the House of Commons at the general election 
held in 1896. A Liberal. Amherst, N.S. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



1 



JAMES GILMOUR. 

(East Middlesex.) 




James Gilmour is one of the new 
members, having been returned to 
Parliament for the first time at the 
last general elections. He was 
bom on the farm of South Hill- 
head, Mearns, Renfrewshire, Scot- 
land, whence he and his relatives 
emigrated to Canada in 1861, and 
settled in the County where they 
still reside. Mr. Gilmour received 
the solid and thorough education 
which is to be obtained at all 
Scotch schools at the Public 
School of his native place. During 
his public career in this country he 

has been Councillor, Deputy Reeve, Reeve and Warden of his County, 
and Hospital Trustee of the General Hospital, London, Ont., and is a 
Justice of the Peace in the County of Middlesex, all of which goes to 
show how thorough is the confidence which his friends who know him 
best repose in his sterling character and ability. He is still Reeve of his 
County, having been elected 13 times by acclamation and without any 
show of opposition. Is a practical business man who will always weigh 
and discuss every public question on its merits. He is a farmer and a 
very skillful and successful one. He is married to Sarah Elizabeth Mc- 
Clary, of Westminster Township, eldest daughter of Peter McClary, Esq., 
J.P., Collector of Inland Revenue, London. A Conservative. Niles- 
town, O. 



T. MACKIE. 

(North Renfrew.) 

Thomas Mackie was born in the 
city of Ottawa, and is of Scottish 
descent. He was educated in the 
city of Ottawa. Mr. Mackie is 
engaged in business as a lumber 
merchant. He married Miss 
Jessie Shaw, of Lake Dore, County 
of Renfrew. He has held a seat 
as a member of the Pembroke 
Town Council. He was first elect- 
ed to the House of Commons at 
the general elections held in 1896, 
when he defeated the Hon. P. 
White, the Conservative candidate, 
by a vote of 1,900 to 1,837. A 
Liberal. Pembroke, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




J. LIVINGSTON. 

(South Waterloo.) 

James Livingston was born in 
East Kilbride. Scotland, November 
29,1838. He was educated at the 
same place, and came to Canada 
in 1856. Mr. Livingston is a 
merchant, but has for several years 
been largely interested in the 
cultivation of flax and the manu- 
facturing of linseed oil. He married 
in June, 1861, Miss Louisa Liersch 
of Baden. He has been Reeve of 
the Township of Wilrnot. In 1879 
he was elected to the Legislative 
Assembly of Ontario for South 
Waterloo, and resigned in May, 
1882. At the general election of 1882 he was first elected to the House 
of Commons, and was re-elected at the general elections of 1887, 1891 
and 1896. A Reformer. Baden, O. 




A. C. MACDONALD. 
(Kings, P.E.I.) 

Augustine Colin Macdonaldwas 
born at Panmure, P.E.I., June 30, 
1837, being a son of Hugh and 
Catherine Macdonald, who came 
to Prince Edward Island in 1805, 
from Moydart, Inverness-shire, 
Scotland. He was educated at 
Georgetown Grammar School and 
the Central Academy at Charlotte- 
town. Mr. Macdonald is a mer- 
chant, and has been a Commis- 
sioner for managing the Exhibition 
of Local Industry for Prince Ed- 
ward Island at various times, and 
also holds the rank of Captain in 

the Militia. His first Parliamentary experience was in 1870, when he 
became a member of the P.E.I. House of Assembly, representing the 3rd 
District of Kings County until July i, 1873, when Prince Edward Island 
entered the Dominion. He was first elected to the Canadian Parliament at 
the general elections of 1873, was defeated in 1874, re-elected in 1878 and 
1882, defeated in 1887 and re-elected in 1891 and 1896. He married June 
27, 1865, Mary Elizabeth, sixth daughter of the late Hon. John Small Mac- 
donald. In favor of preferential trade with Great Britain and the other 
colonies on fair terms. A Liberal-Conservative. Montague Bridge, P.E.I. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




GEORGE GUILLET. 

(West Northumberland.) 

George Guillet was born in Co- 
bourg, Ont., in 1840, his father 
being a native of the Island of 
Jersey, and his mother an English 
lady. He was educated at the 
Public School of Cobourg and at 
Victoria College. He is a promin- 
ent merchant of that town ; for 
several years was a member of the 
Town Council, and for four years 
acted as Mayor ; on his retirement 
was offered re-election by acclama- 
tion. He was an unsuccessful 
candidate for his present seat in 
the Legislative Assembly of On- 
tario in 1879, but was returned to Parliament December 19, 1881 ; re- 
elected in 1882 and unseated by a judgment of the Supreme Court, March 
17, 1885 ; re-elected April 7, 1885, and again at the general elections of 
1887; unsuccessful in 1891, at the general elections, which was voided ; 
he was successful at the by-election held on March 15, 1892, and re-elected 
at the general elections of 1896. Was instrumental in obtaining the 
extension of the clauses of the Merchants' Shipping Act of 1873 to the 
inland waters of Canada, which secures to seamen a first lien and the right 
of recovery of wages in rem and by summary process. Cobourg, O. 



P. MACDONALD, M.D. 

(East Huron.) 

Peter Macdonald was born in 
Pictou, N. S., August 14, 1835. 
He is of Scotch descent, his parents 
having come from Inverness, Scot- 
land, in 1830 to Pictou, and in 
1846 they removed to the County 
of Huron. He was educated in 
Toronto. Mr. Macdonald is by 
profession a practising physician. 
He married in February, 1866, 
Miss Margaret Ross. He has held 
the position of Chairman of the 
Board of School Trustees for 
several years, and has been Reeve, 
Councillor and Mayor of the town 
of Wingham. He was first elected to the House of Commons at the 
general elections of 1887, and was re-elected at those of 1891 and 1896, 
A Liberal. Wingham, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



153 



ALLEN HALEY. 

(Hants.) 

Allen Haley was born January 
31, 1844, in Yarmouth, N.S., of 
mixed Irish and Scotch parentage. 
He was educated at the Yarmouth 
Academy, and at private schools, 
afterwards studying medicine, and 
graduated in 1866 from the Den- 
tal College, Philadelphia, Pa. Mr. 
Haley is now engaged as an insur- 
ance agent and broker, and among 
the public offices he holds is that 
of Secretary of the Shipowners' 
Marine, of Windsor, N.S., Director 
Nova Scotia Telephone Co., Hali- 
fax Electric Tram Co., and other 
local companies ; Manager and Owner of Merchant Shipping. He first 
entered public life as a member of the Nova Scotia Assembly in 1882, was 
re-elected in 1886 and 1890, resigned in 1891, and stood for the House 
of Commons, but was defeated. At the general elections in 1896 he 
again contested the seat, and was elected as a supporter of the present 
Administration.' Mr. Haley is a believer in national progress, and the 
advancement of Canada and Canadian Institutions, a warm supporter of 
British connection and opposed to chimerical independence or annexa- 
tion to the United States. A Liberal. Windsor, N.S. 




J. H. LEGRIS. 

(Maskinong.) 

Joseph Hormidas Legris was 
born at Riviere du Loup (en haut). 
He was educated by private 
tuition and at the Model School 
in the Parish of Louiseville. Mr. 
Legris is by occupation a farmer. 
He married in June, 1879, Emma, 
daughter of George Champagne, 
ofBerthier. He was the organizer 
of a Mutual Fire Insurance Co., 
and held the position of Secretary. 
He has also been a Captain in the 
86th Batt. Volunteer Militia. He 
occupied a seat in the Legislative 
Assembly of Quebec from April, 
1888, until 1890. He is Secretary-Treasurer of the Parish. At the gener- 
al elections of 1891 he was first elected to the House of Commons, and was 
re-elected at that of 1896. A Liberal Louiseville, Q. 




J 54 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



MAJOR SAMUEL HUGHES. 

(North Victoria.) 

Major Hughes is a native of 
Durham County, near Bowman- 
ville, Ont., and is in his forty-fifth 
year. He was educated in the 
Provincial Model and Normal 
Schools of Ontario in Toronto, the 
University of Toronto, from which 
he holds honor certificates in En- 
glish, French, German and history, 
and in the Military School under 
the 2Qth Regiment of the Line. 
Began teaching in Belleville when 
only 1 6 years of age, and subse- 
quently was head of Lifford and 
Bowmanville Public Schools. For 

ten years 1875 to 1885 Mr. Hughes was in Toronto Collegiate Institute 
as first English master. He is intensely energetic ; besides being proprietor 
of the Victoria Warder and largely connected with seveial important 
business enterprises, he yet finds time to devote to his military duties as 
major of the 45th Battalion. In politics Major Hughes is a Liberal-Con- 
servative and favors preferential trade among Great Britain and her 
colonies, and ultimately of the English-speaking race. 




JOHN LANG. 

(Peterborough Eas.t.) 

John Lang was born in the Vil- 
lage Keene, April 10, 1839, and is 
the son of James Lang and Agnes 
Stewart, both of Renfrewshire, 
Scotland, who removed to Canada 
in 1832 and 1820 respectively. 
Was educated at the Common 
School in Keene. In November, 
1866, he married Elizabeth Shea- 
rer. Was appointed J.P. in 1870, 
was elected to the Otonabee 
Township Council in 1872, which 
seat he held continuously for 16 
years, and for 13 years held the 
Reeve and Deputy Reeveship, and 
there never was a ballot printed for him, being elected every time by 
acclamation. He was first elected to the House of Commons at the general 
elections of 1887 ; he resigned the Reeveship next year, and did not offer 
for re-election at the general elections in 1891, and was again re-elected in 
1896. An Independent-Liberal. Jermyn, O. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



155 



J. M. HURLEY. 

(East Riding of Hastings.) 

Jeremiah M. Hurley was born 
near Picton, Prince Edward Coun- 
ty, Ont., in 1840, of Irish parent- 
age, and was educated at the public 
school of the County of Hastings.. 
He is a highly successful farmer 
and breeder of live stock.his special- 
ties being carriage horses, trotters 
and hogs (improved Yorkshires), 
of which latter he is also an exten- 
sive shipper. Has been expert 
judge on horses and swine at 
some of the leading Fairs in On- 
tario, viz., Toronto Industrial and 
Guelph fat stock show, Kingston, 

etc. Mr. Hurley was appointed a J.P. in 1876 ; has been a member of the 
County Council of Hastings for over twelve years ; chairman of the Roads 
and Bridges Committee ; President and Director of the Thurlow Cheese 
Factory ; ex-President of the Cheese Board of Trade of Belleville ; Director 
of the Farmers' Institute : member of the Breeders' Association and Man- 
ager and Secretary of the Bay of Quinte Exhibition for several years. For 
many years Mr. Hurley has taken /an active part in every movement tend- 
ing to promote the interests of agriculture, and it was probably owing to 
this well-known characteristic that he secured his seat in the present parlia- 
ment. A Liberal. Belleville, O. 




G. LANDERKIN, M.D. 

("South Grey.) 



at 




George Landerkin was born 
West Gwillimbury, Simcoe, in 
1839, and is the son of the late 
James Landerkin, Esq., formerly 
of Nova Scotia, and who after- 
wards settled in the County of 
Simcoe in 1824. He was educated 
at the Victoria College, Cobourg, 
from which institution he gradu- 
ated an M.D. in 1862. He married, 
in 1870, Miss M. Kirkendall, of 
Elora, Ont. Mr. Landerkin was 
first elected to the House of Com- 
mons at the general elections of 
1872, and was re-elected in 1874. 
At the general elections of 1878 he was defeated, but was re-elected at the , 
general elections of 1882, 1887, 1891 and 1896. A Liberal. 



i 5 6 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 




R. W. JAMESON. 

(Winnipeg.) 

R. W. Jameson was born at 
Cape Town, in the Cape of Good 
Hope, July 12, 1851, and is a 
son of the late Lieut-Gen. Sir 
George Jameson, K. C.S.I. On the 
return of his parents to England 
in 1857, they became resident at 
Blackheath, near London, and at 
the Proprietary School there Mr. 
Jameson received his early edu- 
cation. He afterwards attended 
King's College, London, and 
Trinity College, Cambridge, where 
he graduated with the degree of 
B.A. Was called to the Bar of 
England in 1876, when 25 years of age, and the same year he came to 
Canada, where he served articles with the firm of Rose, Macdonald & 
Merritt, of Toronto. Mr. Jameson was subsequently admitted to the 
Ontario Bar, and practiced in Toronto in 1881. In that year the Manitoba 
boom was at its height, and Mr. Jameson went to Winnipeg. In 1882 he 
was admitted to the Manitoba Bar. Mr. Jameson's first public office was 
that of License Commissioner, to whicli he was appointed on the creation 
of that Board in 1890. Elected Alderman in 1892; he resigned in 1895 
to accept nomination of the Mayoralty, to which office he was elected. 
Returned to Parliament at by-electica in 1897. Winnipeg, Man. 



J. B. KLOCK. 

(Nipissing.) 

James Bell Klock was born at 
Aylmer, Que., October 5, 1856, 
and is the eldest son of the late 
Robert H. Klock, who was one of 
the pioneer lumbermen of the 
Ottawa Valley. He was educated 
at the Aylmer Academy and at 
Berthier. Is engaged in business 
as a lumberman, farmer and stock 
raiser. He married in December, 
1883, Alice, daughter of the late 
Hon. Wm. McDougall, Judge of 
the Superior Court. He has held 
several public offices, such as Pres- 
ident of the Agricultural and Art 
Association of Nipissing and Reeve of the Township of Cameron. First 
elected to the Commons in 1896. A Conservative. Klocfrs Mills, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE QF COMMONS. 



157 



J. A. M AC DO NELL. 

(Selkirk.) 

John Alexander Macdonell 
was born at Dundas, County of 
Wentworth, Ont., on November 
22, 1854. He was educated in 
Hamilton, and later at the Model 
School and School of Technology 
and Practical Science, Toronto.. 
He is now a member of the Cana- 
dian Society of Engineers, and has 
been employed on various public 
and railway works. He also built 
a large portion of the heavy 
embankment across the Pembina 
River Valley. Was Chief Clerk 
of the Public Works Department 

in Manitoba, and is now the Chief Engineer of that Province. Sat in the 
Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, for Lome, from the general elections 
of 1886 to 1888, when he was defeated. Was first returned to Parliament 
at the general elections of 1896. A Liberal. Winnipeg, Man. 




LIEUT.-COL. C. E. KAULBACH. 

(Lunenburg. ) 

Lieut-Col. Charles Edwin Kaul- 
bach was born at Lunenburg, July 
13, 1834. He is of German descent, 
and is the son of Lieut-Col. J. 
H. Kaulbach, High Sheriff of 
Lunenburg, N.S. He was edu- 
cated at Lunenburg. Mr. Kaul- 
bach is Vice-President of the 
Ottawa Board of Mercy ; of the 
Nova Scotia Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Animals ; 
is Lieut-Col, of the 75th Batt. 
Volunteer Militia, and a Director 
of the Lunenburg Marine Insu- 
rance Co. and of the Lunenburg 
Marine Ship Co., Limited. He is a real estate and ship owner. At the 
general elections of 1878 he was first elected to the Commons, and 
was re-elected at that of 1882, but was deprived of his seat owing to the 
irregularity of two of the Deputy Returning Officers. His opponent 
held the seat for a year, and at the end of that time the seat was declared 
vacant by the Court, and in October, 1883, a new election was held in 
which he was re-elected. In 1887 he was defeated, but was re-elected in 
1891 and 1896. A Conservative. Lunenburg, N.S. 




'58 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



WILLIAM HUTCHISON. 
(Ottawa City.) 

William Hutchison was born in 
New Edinburgh in 1843, his father 
being the late Robert Hutchison, 
of Ayrshire, Scotland, who came 
to Canada about 1830. He was 
educated in his native place, and 
entered the flour milling business, 
in the prosecution of which he 
spent several years in the United 
States. Returning to Canada he 
went into business with his uncle, 
.the late Thomas McKay, which 
later on was turned into a joint 
stock concern under the designa- 
tion of the McKay Milling Co., of 
which Mr. Hutchison is now managing director. He was a member of the 
Ottawa City Council for a number of years, and Chairman of the Board 
of Works for four years; Director of the Chaudiere Electric Light Co. and 
the Ottawa Electric Railway Co. and the Ottawa Land Association, He 
has also been Director for several years of the Central Canada Exhibition, 
and at present is its President, He is married to Electa Blanche, a daugh- 
ter of S. T. Willett, Esq., of Chambly. Was first returned to Parliament 
at the general elections of 1896. Ottawa. 




T. H. MACPHERSON. 

(Hamilton.) 

Thomas Henry Macpherson was 
"born in Perth, Scotland, in June, 
1842, and was educated there and 
in London. He received his early 
business training on the Stock Ex- 
change with the house of Messrs. 
Borthwick & Co., London, Eng., 
an experience which has since been 
of much service to him during his 
business career. Coming to Can- 
ada in 1871, he entered the firm 
of Alex. Harvey & Co., and subse- 
quently became senior member of 
the well-known grocery firm of 
Macpherson, Glassco & Co., of 
Hamilton. Among the public offices held by him is that of President of 
the Hamilton Board of Trade and President of the Liberal Association of 
Hamilton. He was first, returned to Parliament at the general elections 
of 1896. A Liberal. Hamilton, O. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



159 



RODOLPHE LEMIEUX. 

(GaspS.) 

Rodolphe Letnieux was born in 
Montreal, November i, 1866. His 
ancestors came from Normandy, 
France, and he is the son of H. A. 
Lemieux, formerly Collector of 
Customs at Three Rivers. He 
was educated at Nicolet and at 
Ottawa University. He is an Ad- 
vocate by profession. He was ad- 
mitted to the Bar of the Province 
of Quebec in 1892, and received 
the degree of Doctor of Law in 
Laval University, May I, 1896. 
He was married on May 15, 1894, 
to Berthe, eldest daughter of the 
Hon. Mr. Justice Jette. He is Consul for the United States of Colombia. 
He was Assistant Editor of La Patrie in 1886 and 1887, and was also 
correspondent of L'Electeur from 1887 until 1892. He was first elected 
to the House of Commons at the general election held in 1896 by defeat- 
ing Mr. Thomas Ennis, Conservative. A Liberal. Montreal, Q. 




W. F. MACLEAN. 

(East York.) 

William Findlay Maclean was 
born in the Township of Ancaster, 
Ont., August 10, 1854, and is 
the son of John Maclean, a prom- 
inent newspaper writer of Canada. 
He was educated at the Hamilton 
public schools and at the Univer- 
sity of Toronto, where he graduated 
a B. A. in 1880. Mr. Maclean is 
a journalist, and is proprietor of 
the Toronto World. He married 
in June, 1885, Catherine Gwynne, 
youngest daughter of Richard 
Lewis, of Toronto. He was a 
Member of the Senate of the 
University of Toronto for term of 1889 and 1892. At the general election 
of 1890 he ran for North Wentworth in the Ontario Legislature, but was 
defeated, and was also defeated for his present seat in the Commons at the 
general elections in 1891. At a by-election held in May, 1892, he was 
first elected to the Commons, and occupied the seat rendered vacant by 
the death of the Hon. A. Mackenzie, and was re-elected in 1896. A Con- 
servative. Toronto, 0. 




i6o 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. W. B. IVES, Q.C. 

(Sherbrooke.) 

Hon. William Bullock Ives was 
born in the Township of Compton, 
P.Q., November 17, 1841. His 
parents were Eli Ives and Artimis- 
sa Bullock, both of English extrac- 
tion, whose ancestors first settled 
in Connecticut. They moved to 
the County of Stanstead, P.Q., and 
were among the first settlers on 
Lake Memphremagog. Mr. Ives 
was partly educated in Compton 
Academy. Studied law, and was 
called to the Bar of the Province 
of Quebec in 1867. Married in 
1869 the only daughter of the late 
Hon. J. H. Pope, Minister of Railways. Becoming largely interested in 
manufacturing, he gave up the practice of law in 1890. He represented 
Richmond and Wolfe in the Commons from the general elections of 1878 
to thegeneral elections of 1891, when he was returned for his present seat. 
Sworn of the Privy Council and appointed President of the Council Decem- 
ber 6, 1892, and became Minister of Trade and Commerce, December 21, 
1894. He was re-elected by acclamation at the general elections of 1896. 
Was a member of the Thompson, Bowell and Tupper Administrations, and 
resigned with his leader, July, 1896. A Conservative. Sherbrooke, Q. 




J. McALISTER. 

(Restigouche.) 

John McAlister was born in the 
Parish of Durham, Ptestigouche, 
July 27, 1842. He is of Scotch 
descent, his father having emi- 
grated from Scotland to Canada, 
and settled in Restigouche in 1836. 
He was educated at the Common 
Schools there and at the Presby- 
terian Academy at Miramichi. In 
1 879 he was called to the Bar of 
New Brunswick, and was appoint- 
ed a Q C. in October, 1894. He 
is unmarried. Mr. McAlister was 
the first Mayor of the town of 
Campbellton. He was first elected 

to the House of Commons at the general elections held in 1891, and was 
re-elected at the general elections of 1896. A Liberal-Conservative. 
Campbellton, N.B. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



161 



T. B. FLINT, 

(Y.iimoutli. ) 

Thomas Barnard Flint was born 
in Yarmouth, N. S., April 28, 
1847, being the son of John Flint, 
whose ancestors originally came 
from New England about 1761, 
and who with his maternal ances- 
tors, the Barnards, were among the 
earliest settlers of the western 
part of Nova Scotia. He was 
educated at Yarmouth and at the 
Wesleyan Academy and College 
at Sackville, N.B., where he took 
his B.A. degree in 1867. 1 1871 
he graduated an LL.B. at Har- 
vard University, Mass., and in 
1872 graduated an M.A. at the Wesleyan College, Sackville, N.B. He 
was married in 1874 to Mary E., daughter of the late Thomas B. Dane, 
of Yarmouth. He is by profession a Barrister. From 1883 until 1886 
he held the office of High Sheriff of Yarmouth County, and that of Assis- 
tant Clerk of the House of Assembly of N.S. from 1887 until 1890. He 
was an unsuccessful candidate for the House of Assembly for Yarmouth 
County at the general elections held in 1873 and 1882, and also for the 
House of Commons at the general election of 1878. He was first elected 
to Parliament at the general election held in 1881, and was re-elected at 
the general election of 1887. Mr. Flint has been prominently identified 
with Educational and Temperance work in the County of Yarmouth, and 
closely identified with its varied business interests since 1868. A Liberal. 
Yarmouth, N.S. 




A. MALOUIN. 

(Quebec Centre.) 

Albert Malouin was born in 
Quebec City, March 13, 1857, and 
is the son of Jacques Malouin, 
advocate and ex-member for Que- 
bec Centre. He was educated at 
the Universities of Quebec and 
Laval, and is an advocate by pro- 
fession, being admitted to the Bar 
in January, 1882. He is a member 
of the Council of the Quebec Bar, 
and Crown Prosecutor for the 
District of Quebec. He was elected 
to the House of Commons in 
January, 1898. A Liberal. Que- 
bec. 




162 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



J. KENDRY. 

(Peterborough West.) 

James Kendry was born in 
Oshawa, Ont., on March 29, 1845. 
English descent. His father came 
to Canada in 1841 from York- 
shire, England, and his mother 
came to Canada about the same 
time from Paisley, Scotland. His 
father has been engaged in the 
woolen business all his lifetime. 
The subject of this sketch followed 
up the same business. After leav- 
ing the Public School where he 
received his education he entered 
the service of Barber Bros., at 
Streetsville, Ont., where he re- 
mained some time. He afterwards became manager of the Clyde Woolen 
Mills at Lanark, Ont., for Boyd Caldwell ; was also manager and interested 
in the firm of Glen Tay, with Moorehouse, Dodds & Co, leaving there to 
accept the managership of the Auburn Woolen Co. of Peterboro, and is at 
present President and Managing Director and one of the principal owners 
of that Company, where he has been for the last 18 years. He is also 
interested in a number of manufacturing enterprises in Peterboro. Mr. 
Kendry has been a Councillor for 9 years, was Mayor of Peterboro for 4 
years, and has been a member of the Board of Education for a number of 
years. He was always actively engaged in politics, and was first returned to 
Parliament at the general elections of 1896. A Conservative. Peter- 
borough, O. 




R. M. S MIGNAULT, M.D. 

(Yamaska. ) 

Roch Moise Samuel Mignault 
was born in Montreal, February 5, 
1837. His ancestors emigrated 
from Chatillon, La Seine Depart- 
ment, France. He was educated at 
L'Assomption College. Mr. Mi- 
gnault is by profession a practising 
physician. He is unmarried. He 
has held several public offices, such 
as Mayor and Councillor of his 
Municipality and J. P. He was 
first elected to the House of Com- 
mons at the general election held 
in 1891, and was re-elected at the 
general election of 1896. A Liberal. 
5/. Michel de Yamaska, Q. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



LOUIS LAVERGNE. 

(Drummond and Arthabaska.) 

Louis Lavergne was born at St. 
Pierre, County of Montmagny, De- 
cember i, 1845, his father being 
the late David Lavergne, Esq., of 
St. Pierre, whose ancestors came 
from Limoges, France, in 1650, his 
mother being * Marie Genevieve 
Delagrave, whose ancestors came 
from Bern', France, in 1750. He 
was educated at St. Anne's Col- 
lege, County of Kamouraska. He 
is by profession a notary, and is 
also Editor of L 1 Unions des Cantons 

de r Est. He was married first, in 

1878, to Eugenie, daughter of Dr. 

L. E. Landry, of Becancour, who died in 1887; second, to Alida Pacaud, 
widow of the late William Duval. He is Sec.-Treas. of the Agricultural 
Society of the County of Arthabaska, Secretary-Treasurer and Clerk of 
the same County, Secretary-Treasurer of the Board of School Commis- 
sioners of Arthabaskaville and St. Christophe, and Church Warden of the 
Parish of St. Christophe d'Arthabaska. He was first returned to Parlia- 
ment November 13, 1897, at the by-election necessitated by the elevation 
of his brother to the Bench by a majority of 1,648 over the Conservative 
candidate. A Liberal. Arthabaskaville, Q. 




WILLIAM McCLEARY. 

Wei land.) 

William McCleary was born in 
Thorold, November 5, 1853. His 
father and mother were both 
natives of the County of Mona- 
ghan, Ireland, who emigrated to 
Canada in 1842, and settled in 
Thorold. He was educated at the 
Public and Grammar Schools, and 
also in Toronto. He is engaged 
in business as a lumber merchant. 
Has been Warden of the County 
of Welland and also Councillor, 
Reeve and Mayor of Thorold. He 
married in December, 1877, Jen- 
nie, daughter of the late J. T. 
Ewart, Esq. In 1890 he was appointed to the Legislative Assembly of 
Ontario, and sat thereuntil 1894. He was first elected to the House of 
Commons at the general elections of 1896. A Conservative Thorold, O. 




164 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




W. J. LEWIS, M.D. 
(Albert.) 

William James Lewis was born 
at Hillsborough, September 25, 
1830, and is the son of the late 
Hon. John Lewis, M.L.C., New 
Brunswick. He was educated at 
Hillsborough and at the Sackville 
Academy. He is a Doctor of Med- 
icine of the University of Glas- 
gow and also a member of the Col- 
lege of Surgeons, Edinburgh, Scot- 
and. Mr. Lewis married first, in 
1877, Melissa, daughter of Richard 
E. Steeves, Esq., of Hillsborough, 
and second, in 1885, Catherine, 
daughter of Mr. John Duffy. He 
held a seat in the Executive Council of New Brunswick from July 5, 1882, 
until February, 1883. At the general elections of 1878, he was first elect- 
ted to the House of Assembly of New Brunswick, and occupied a seat in 
that body until his resignation in June, 1896, to run for the Commons, 
when he was elected to his present seat. An Independent. Hillsborough, 
N.B. 




i 



E. G. PENNY. 
(St. Lawrence Division, Montreal.) 

Edward Goff Penny was born in 
the City of Montreal in the year 
1858, and is the son of the late 
Hon. Senator Edward Goff Penny, 
the well-known journalist, for a 
long period editor and proprietor 
of the Montreal Herald. He was 
educated in Montreal, and married 
a daughter of Mr. J. W. Gilmour, 
a merchant there. Mr. Penny 
first came into public notice when 
he contested St. Lawrence Ward 
for the position of Alderman in 
1894, an office which he has filled 
since then with great acceptance to 
his constituents. At the general elections of 1896 he was nominated 
in the Liberal interests against Mayor Wilson-Smith, who stood as an Inde- 
pendent Liberal-Conservative, and after an exciting contest was returned 
by a very considerable majority over Mr. Smith, whose career as Mayor 
up to that time had given so much satisfaction that he was considered 
a remarkably strong candidate. A Liberal. Montreal. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



D'ALTON MCCARTHY, Q.C. 

(North Simcoe.) 

D'Alton McCarthy, Q.C., was 
born at Oakley Park, near Dublin, 
October 10, 1836, his father being 
a solicitor of that city. He was 
educated at Rev. Mr. Harnman's 
School, Blackrock ; at Rev. Mr. 
Flynn's School, Dublin, and at 
Barrie Grammar School. He was 
called to the Bar of Upper Canada, 
Hilary term, 1858, and appointed 
a Q.C. December 18, 1872. He is 
a Bencher of the Law Society of 
Ontario. Mr. McCarthy is a 
prominent figure in Canadian 
politics, and was President for 
many years of the Liberal-Conservative Association of North Riding of 
Simcoe. He contested North Simcoe unsuccessfully in 1872 and twice in 
1874. Was first returned to Parliament for Card well, December 14, 1876, 
and successfully contested his present seat at the general elections of 1878, 
to which he has been re-elected at the general elections of 1882, 1887 and 
1891. At the general elections of 1896 he was returned for both North 
Simcoe and Brandon, but elected to sit for his old constituency. Mr. 
McCarthy was for some years President of the Agricultural Society of the 
West Riding of Simcoe. He has been twice married. A Liberal-Con- 
servative. Toronto, Out. 




GEORGE McCORMICK. 

(Muskoka and Parry Sound.) 

George McCormick was born in 
the County of Ottawa, Province of 
Quebec, October 7, 1856. He 
carries on an extensive trade in 
the lumber business. Elected to 
the Town Council, Orillia, by ac- 
clamation, and served on the board 
for the year 1 894, but refused ac- 
clamation in 1895 to the same 
position. He first entered politics 
as a candidate for Parry Sound in 
the Legislative Assembly of On- 
tario at the general elections of 
1890, but was unsuccessful. At the 
general elections of 1896 he 
contested the seat for the Commons, and was successful. 
Conservative. Orillia, O- 




A Liberal- 



i65 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. G. E. FOSTER, B.A., D.C.L., 
LL.D. 

(York, N.B.) 

Hon. George Eulas Foster was 
born in Carleton County, N. B., 
September 3, 1847, and is descend- 
ed from a U. E. Loyalist, who 
settled in that Province in 1783. 
He was educated at the Common 
and Superior Schools in King's 
County, and at the University of 
New Brunswick, where he gradu- 
ated B. A., June, 1868. He also 
studied at Edinburgh, Scotland, 
University and at Heidelberg in 
Germany. He was at different 
periods Principal of Victoria Co. 
Grammar School ; Sunbury Co. 
Superior School; Classical and Mathematical teacher Baptist Academy, 
Fredericton ; and Principal of the Ladies' High School, Fredericton ; Pro- 
fessor of Classics and History in the University of New Brunswick. He 
received the degree of D.C.L. from Acadia College, N.S., 1883, and of 
LL.D. from the University of New Brunswick in 1895. He was first 
returned to Parliament for King's in 1882, re-elected on appointment to 
office, and again at the general elections of 1887 and 1891. Elected for 
his present seat at general elections of 1896. Sworn of the Privy Council 
and appointed Minister of Marine and Fisheries, December 10, 1885 ; 
appointed Minister of Finance, May 29, 1888, which office he held until 
July, 1896, when the Tupper Administration resigned. Has held the 
highest positions in connection with the Temperance movement in Canada 
and the United States. A Liberal-Conservative. Ottawa. 




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167 



A. F. MacLAREN. 
(North Perth.) 

A. F. MacLaren was born at 
Perth, Lanark County, Ont., his 
parents being also natives of same 
place, and his grandparents being 
from Perthshire, Scotland. He 
removed with his parents when a 
mere child to the county of Perth, 
Cromarty village, Tp. Hibbert 
and, strange to say, he now repre- 
sents North Perth in the House of 
Commons. He is manufacturer of 
the famous MacLaren Imperial 
cheese. He went to Public School 
: fora few years in Hibbert Tp., and 
began to work on a farm when 

about 10 years old. When about 17 years old began to learn the cheese 
business in Fullarton factory, then in Black Creek factory. A few years 
later, began buying cheese for the Hon. Thomas Ballantyne, then for the 
Ingersoll Packing Co. He was judge of cheese at World's Fair in company 
with Geo. E. Perlee, of New York, and A. H. Barber, of Chicago. Farming 
speaks of Mr. McLaren as being one of the most able and energetic execu- 
tive officers of The Butter and Cheese Association of Western Ontario. 
He was on the Board for many years, and is now President of that Associa- 
tion. Has been President of the Young Liberal- Conservative Associa- 
tion of Stratford. Was first elected to Parliament June 23, 1896. A 
Conservative. Stratford, O. 




C. H. PARMALEE. 

(Shefford.) 

Charles Henry Parmalee was 
born at Waterloo, Province of Que- 
bec, June i, 1855. He was educa- 
ted at the same place. Mr. Par- 
melee is the editor and proprietor 
of the Waterloo Advertiser. He 
has been Secretary -Treasurer of 
Waterloo and a Member of the 
Municipal Council. He married 
in 1887, Christina, daughter of 
Henry Rose, Esq., of Waterloo. 
In 1893 he was appointed Presi- 
dent of the Eastern Townships 
Press Association. He was first 
elected to the House of Commons 
at the general elections held in 1896. 




A Liberal. Waterloo, Q. 



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PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



G. R. MAXWELL. 

(Burrard.) 

George Ritchie Maxwell was 
born in Stonehouse, South Lanark- 
shire, Scotland, on January n, 
1857, and received his elementary 
education at the Subscription 
School there. He was put to learn 
the trade of weaving at the early 
age of eight years, but, being of a 
studious disposition, he, by attend- 
ing evening classes and exercising 
the greatest economy in living, was 
enabled to enter the University of 
Glasgow at the age of 19. While 

there he distinguished himself 

in Philosophy and the cognate 

branches of Logic, Metaphysics, Rhetoric, Psychology, gaining the Hynd- 
ford Bursary for the same, also Latin and Greek. At the close of his Univer- 
sity course he came to Canada, and was at once called to Sylvester, Lower 
Leeds, afterwards removing to Three Rivers, Que., where he resided four 
years. Accepting a call to the First Church, Vancouver, he labored there 
for six years, when he resigned to contest his present constituency at the 
solicitation of a convention representing the Liberal Party. A Liberal. 
Vancouver, B.C. 




W. V. PETTET. 

(Prince Edward.) 

William Varney Pettet was born 
at West Lake, County of Prince 
Edward, Ont, May 7, 1858. He 
is of U. E. L. descent, being a des- 
cendant, paternally, of Daniel Pet- 
tet, who resided at Brooklyn, N.Y., 
and on the maternal side he is a 
great-grandson of Lieut. Col. Henry 
Young, who was the first settler in 
Prince Edward County, and who 
was born at Jamaica Plains, L.I., 
N.Y., March 10, 1737. He was 
educated at Picton Public School, 
the Ontario Commercial College, 
and at Albert College, Belleville. 

He was married Sept. 21, 1884, to Minnie F., daughter of the late George 
W. Morrison, of Aurora. He is by occupation a farmer. He has been a 
member of the Hallowell Township Council. Was first elected to the House 
of Commons in 1896. Elected as a Patron of Industry. West Lake, O. 




PERSONNEL, OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



F. A. MARCOTTE, M.D. 

(Champlain.) 

Francois Arthur Marcotte was 
born on September 25, 1866, and 
is the son of Francois Marcotte,. 
merchant, of Ste. Anne de la Per- 
ade. He was educated at the 
Seminary of Quebec, from which 
institution he graduated an M.D. 
He holds the offices of Prefet of 
the County of Champlain, and is 
Mayor of Ste. Anne de la Perade. 
He was first elected to the House 
of Commons at the general elec- 
tions held in 1896, when he defeat- 
ed Mr. P. Trudel, the Liberal Can- 
didate, by a vote of 241 1 to 2035. 
His election was immediately contested, and was annulled in December, 
1896. He was again chosen candidate in March, 1897, defeating Dr. 
Ferdinand Trudel, the Liberal candidate, by a majority of 127. His 
election being contested a second time, he took a counter petition, but was 
maintained in his seat. A Conservative. Ste. Anne de la Perade, Q. 




M. McGUGAN. 

(South Middlesex.) 

Malcolm McGugan is one of 
the new Liberal members, having 
been elected at the general elec- 
tions by a majority of 740 over 
his Conservative opponent, Mr. H. 
B. Elliott, of the City of London. 
Mr. McGugan is of Highland- 
Scotch descent, his family having 
come from Argyleshire, Scotland, 
in 1828, and settled in the Town- 
ship of Caradoc, engaging in farm- 
ing. He was born in Caradoc 
Township, County of Middlesex, 
July 13, 1846, and was educated 
at Caradoc Public School. He is 

engaged in farming, but in addition to that he has been much engaged 
in public life. He was a Member of the Council of Caradoc from 
1877 to. 1886 inclusive ; Reeve for eight years from 1879 to 1886 ; 
is a Justice of the Peace ; Warden of the County of Middlesex in 1885 ^ 
was appointed Clerk of the Township of Caradoc in 1886, an office which, 
he still holds ; appointed Inspector of the Middlesex House of Refuge 
in 1891, and holds the office still. A Liberal. Mount Brydges, 0- 




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PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




1882 he was a candidate, but was 
general elections of 1891 and 1896. 



w. MCGREGOR. 

(North Essex.) 

William McGregor was born at 
Sarnia, June 24, 1836. His pa- 
rents came from Scotland in 1831. 
He was educated at Amherstburg, 
Ontario. Was Warden of Essex 
for a period of five years, and 
Reeve of Windsor for six years. 
He married in May, 1866, Jessie 
L., daughter of the Rev. Robert 
Peden, of Hamilton, Ont. Was 
first elected to Parliament at the 
general election of 1874, but was 
unseated in August, 1874, and was 
re-elected in October, 1874. At 
the general elections of 1878 and 

defeated. He was re-elected at the 

A Liberal. Windsor, O. 



W. W. B. MclNNES. 

(Vancouver.) 

William Wallace Burns Mc- 
Innes. returned at the general 
elections as one of the four first 
Liberal members ever returned to 
the Dominion Parliament from 
British Columbia, is the youngest 
son of Senator Thomas R. Mc- 
Innes, of British Columbia, and 
was born in Dresden, Ont, April 
8, 1871. He was educated at 
the High School, New West- 
minster, B. C., and Toronto Uni- 
versity, where he graduated B.A. 
in 1889. He studied law at 
Osgoode Hall, Toronto, and was 
admitted to the Bar in British Colnmbia in 1893. Mr. Mclnnes is a 
young man of brilliant powers, being a ready speaker, a keen and fearless 
debater, and fas great capacity for mastering all the points of his subject 
and placing hem lucidly and forcibly before his audience, He is the 
youngest member in the present Parliament by several years, and was 
chosen to move the address in reply to the Speech from the Throne at its 
opening, on which occasion he made a most effective maiden speech. He 
will undoubtedly do credit to the constituency which elected him, and 
is sure to make his mark on the floor of the House. A Liberal. 
Nanaimo, B.C. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



FIRMAN McCLURE 

(Colchester.) 

Firman McClure was born at 
Truro, N. S. , November 19, 
1868. He is the grandson of 
Alexander McClure, of Ayr, Scot- 
land, and a son of John McClure 
and Susan Kent, of Truro, N.S. 
Was educated in Truro, and 
graduated at the Provincial Nor- 
mal School in 1877. Married, 
October 28, 1896, Dora M. Inglis, 
of Lunenburg. He studied law 
with the Hon. F. A. Laurence, 
now Speaker of the House of As- 
sembly of Nova Scotia, from 1878 
to 1882, and was admitted to the 
Bar in 1882. In the same year he became a partner with Mr. Laurence, 
and continued so until 1888. He was editor of the Guardian at Truro, 
N.S-, from 1888 to 1892, and was also editor of the Temperance Index 
from 1891 to 1892. He was Grand Worthy Patriarch of the Sons of 
Temperance of Nova Scotia in 1891. In June, 1896, he was a candidate 
for the Commons, but was defeated. He was elected to the House of 
Assembly at a by-election held in 1896, and served one session, and in 
April, 1897, he was elected for Colchester to the Commons. A Liberal. 
Truro, N.S. 




C. F. MclSAAC. 

(Antigonish.) 

Colin Francis Mclsaac was born 
in Antigonish in 1856. His family 
came from Inverness- shire, Scot- 
land. He was appointed a Gov- 
ernor of St. Francis Xavier College 
of Antigonish in 1882. He was 
called to the Bar of Nova Scotia 
in January, 1880. In April, 1891, 
he was appointed a Member of the 
Executive Council of Nova Scotia, 
without portfolio. He held a seat 
in the House of Assembly of Nova 
Scotia for the County of Anti- 
gonish from the general elections 
held in 1886 until March, 1895, 
when he resigned his seat, and was elected at a federal by-election to fill 
the vacancy caused by the death of the late Sir J. S. D. Thompson, and 
was re-elected in 1896. A Liberal. Antigonish. N.S. 




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PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



H. F. McDOUGALL. 
(Cape Breton.) 

Hector Francis McDougall was 
born at Christmas Island, Cape 
Breton, N S., June 6, 1848. He 
is the son of Malcolm McDougall, 
merchant, and Mary McNeil, 
whose parents came from the Island 
of Barra, Scotland. He was edu- 
cated at Christmas Island. Mr. 
McDougall is a merchant and 
farmer. On September 17, 1878, 
he entered the N. S. Provincial 
Parliament, and in October of the 
same year was sworn a member of 
the Holmes-Thompson Govern- 
ment of that Province He re- 
signed his portfolio in May, 1882, and ran for the Dominion House of 
Commons, but was unsuccessful. He was first elected to the House of 
Commons at a by-election held in 1884, and was re-elected in 1887, 
1891 and 1896, representing the same constituency as Sir Charles 
Tupper, Bart., now represents. Mr. McDougall was principally instru- 
mental in urging upon the Government, in 1886, the advisability of 
building an extension of the Intercolonial Railway through the Island of 
Cape Breton, which now turns out to be one of the best paying sections 
of that railway. A Liberal-Conservative. Christmas Island, C.B., N.S. 




j. MCMILLAN. 

(South Huron.) 

John McMillan was born in 
Kirkconnell, Dumfrieshire, Scot- 
land, July 19, 1823. His parents 
afterwards removed to Canada. He 
was educated in the Parish School 
at his native place. He has been 
married twice ; first, on July 20 
1849, to Miss Janet McMichael, 
and, second, to Mrs. Ann Jamie- 
son, on November 2, 1868. He is 
by occupation a farmer. He was 
appointed a member of the Agri- 
cultural Commission of Ontario, 
April 3, 1880. Has been Reeve of 
the Township of Hallett for eleven 
years. Was first elected to the House of Commons for South Huron at 
the general elections of 1882, and resigned in 1883; re-elected at the 
general elections of 1887, 1891 and 1896. A Liberal. Constance, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



173 




ALEXANDER MARTIN. 
(East Queens, P.E.I.) 

Alexander Martin was born in 
March, 1842, at Springton, P.E.I., 
being a son of the late Alexander 
Martin, a native of Uigg, in the 
Isle of Skye, Scotland. He was 
educated at the common schools, 
Normal School and Academy, 
Charlottetown, P.E.I. Mr. Martin 
is a farmer and merchant. He 
married in 1859, Anne, daughter 
of the late Roderick McLeod, of 
Uigg, P.E.I. He represented Bel- 
fast, P.E.I, in the Legislature of 
that Province for four years, and 
was afterwards elected to the Le- 
gislative Council, in which he sat until 1889, when he resigned. He was 
elected for the first time to the Dominion Parliament, June 23, 1896, when 
he defeated William Welsh, of Keppoch, who had represented the con- 
stituency in the House of Commons for two parliamentary terms, by a 
majority of 35. A Liberal-Conservative. Valleyfield, P.E.I. 




G. V. MclNERNEY, A.M., LL.B., Q.C. 

(Kent, N.B.) 

George Valentine Mclnerney 
was born at Kingston, Kent 
County, N. B., February 14, 1857. 
He is the son of the late Hon. 
Owen Mclnerney, who came to 
Canada from Longford, Ireland, 
and in 1826 settled in Miramichi, 
N.B. He was educated at the 
common school at Kingston, St. 
Joseph's College, and at Laval 
University. He also studied at 
Harvard University and Boston 
University Law Schools, and in 
1877 he received the degree of 
LL.B. In 1878 he was called to 
the Bar of New Brunswick, and appointed Q.C. in 1894. He married, 
in September, 1882, Christina, only daughter of Henry O'Leary, Esq. He 
is U. S. Consular Agent at Richibucto ; Secretary of the St. Louis, Richi- 
bucto & Buctouche Railway, and has been since 1880 Secretary of the 
Municipality of Kent. At a by-election held in December, 1892, he was 
first elected to the Commons, and was re-elected at the general elections 
of 1896. A Liberal-Conservative. Richibucto, N. B. 




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PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



J. McMULLEN. 

(North Wellington.) 

James McMullen is the second 
son of Archibald McMullen, who 
immigrated from County Mona- 
ghan, Ireland, in 1846, and settled 
near Fergus, Ont- Born in the 
County of Monaghan in 1833, and 
came with his father to Canada in 
1846. Was educated at the Com- 
mon School, Fergus. Married 
September 30, 1858, Mary Ann, 
youngest daughter of Robert Dun- 
bar, Esq., late of Guelph, Ont. 
Was a merchant doing a general 
business in Mount Forest, where he 
still lives, for thirty years. Has 
been a member of the Crown Council, and was also Reeve for several 
years. Was a Director and Vice-President of the Georgian Bay and Wel- 
lington Railway, and a Director of the Grand Trunk, Georgian Bay and 
Lake Erie Railway, and is a Director of the Dominion Life Insurance 
Company. First returned to Parliament at general elections in 1882, 
again in 1887, 1891 and 1896. He is in favor of the policy and principles 
of the Reform Party as adopted at the Dominion Liberal Convention, 
held in Ottawa, 2Oth June, 1893. A Liberal. Mount Forest, O. 




ALEXANDER McNEILL. 

(North Bruce.) 

Alexander McNeill was born at 
The Corran, County of Antrim, 
Ireland, May 10, 1842. He is the 
son of the late Malcolm McNeill, 
Esq., of The Corran. His mother 
was a sister of the late Lord Col- 
onsay, Lord President of the 
Court of Session, Scotland, and of 
the Right Hon. Sir John McNeill, 
G.C.B. He was educated at Wim- 
bledon, Surrey, England, and at 
Trinity College, Dublin. He mar- 
ried in 1872 Hester Law Howard, 
daughter of the late Forbes Mc- 
Neill, Esq., of Winkfield, Berks, 
England. Mr. McNeill is by profession a Barrister of the Middle Temple, 
London, Eng., and is also interested in farming. Was first elected to the 
House of Commons at the general elections of 1882, and was re-elected 
at those of 1887, 1891 and 1896. A Liberal-Conservative. Wiarton, Ont, 




PERSONNEL OP THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



175 




HON. W. H. MONTAGUE. 

(Haldimand.) 

i 

Walter Humphries Montague 
was born at Adelaide, Ont., No- 
vember 21, 1858, being the son of 
Joseph I. and Rhoda Montague, 
j and of English descent. Dr. 
Montague was educated at the 
Common School, High School, 
Woodstock College, Victoria Uni- 
versity and Toronto School of 
Medicine. He is a Licentiate of 
the Royal College of Physicians 
| and Surgeons, Edinburgh, and a 
member of the College of Physi- 
| . cians and Surgeons of Ontario. He 
contested the representation of 

Monk in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, but was defeated. He 
entered the Dominion Parliament at the general elections in 1887, and, 
afterwards being unseated, was re-elected at a by-election held in Novem- 
ber, 1887, but was again unseated and at a by-election held June, 1889, 
was defeated ; this election was also annulled, and in a by-election of Feb- 
ruary, 1890, Dr. Montague was once more elected, and was re elected at 
the general elections held in 1891 and 1896. He entered Sir Mackenzie 
Bowell's Government without portfolio in 1894. Became Secretary of 
State, March 25, 1895, and Minister of Agriculture, January 15, 1896, 
retiring on the resignation of Sir Charles Tupper, Bart, on July 8, 1896. 
A Conservative. Dunnville, O. 



D. B. MEIGS. 

(Missisquoi.) 

Daniel Bishop Meigs was born 
in Henryville, County of Iberville, 
Que., June I, 1835. His father 
and mother were both natives of 
Swanton, Vt., but in 1832 removed 
into Canada. He was educated 
at Bedford. He married, first, in 
1866, Margaret L. Allsop, and 
second, in 1872, Margaret Rosa 
Faulkner. Mr. Meigs is by occu- 
pation a farmer. He was Mayor of 
Farnham several years. Was first 
elected to the House of Commons 
in 1887, and occupied the seat va- 
cated through the death of Mr. 
Clayes, the sitting member. Was re-elected in 1896. 
ham, Q. 




A Liberal. - Farn- 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



A. MCLENNAN, M.D. 

(Inverness.) 

Angus McLennan was born at 
Broad Cove, Inverness County, in 
1844. His paternal ancestors were 
natives of Kintail, Scotland. He 
was educated at the Grammar 
School at Broad Cove, at the St. 
Francis Xavier College, Antigon- 
ish, at Harvard University, and at 
the University of Penna, Philadel- 
phia, where he graduated an M.D. 
in 1872. He held a seat in the 
House of Assembly of Nova Scotia 
from January, 1883, until June, 
1886. Mr. McLennan was a mem- 
ber of the Municipal Council of 
Inverness to June, 1896. He was first elected to the House of Commons 
at the general elections held in 1896. A Liberal. Margaree, C.B., N.S. 







J. B. MORIN. 

(Dorchester.) 

Jean Baptiste Morin was elected 

for Parliatrent for the first time at 

the last election. He was born at 

Ste. Henedine, County Dorchester, 

Que., on September 22, 1840. He 

is descended from an old French 

family which emigrated to Canada 

about the year 1840. Mr. Morin 

traces his lineage in Canada from 

that stock back as far as 1741. He 

was educated at Ste. Henedine 
.School, and has been for many 

years engaged in the lumber and 
coal business in Pennsylvania, U. 

S., in whichhe has been very suc- 

cessful. He was elected Mayor of Ste. Henedine in 1889, and still holds 
that office. He was chosen Warden of Dorchester County in 1892, and 
was made Justice of the Peace the same year. In 1893 he was elected 
President of the School Board, and at the general elections was chosen to 
represent Dorchester County in the Dominion Parliament by a majority 
of 330. Mr. Morin is a shrewd business man, with a thorough knowledge 
of business affairs, and will be a valuable member of the House. The 
interests of his constituents as well as those of the County at large will be 
carefully guarded and served by him. A Conservative. Ste. Henedine 
Dorchester, Q. 




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177 



T. O. DAVIS. 

(Saskatchewan.) 

Thomas Osborne Davis was 
born in Sherrington, Que., in Au- 
gust, 1856. He is a nephew as well 
as namesake of 1 hos. Osborne 
Davis, the Irish poet and journal- 
ist, the author of Fontenoy. Mr. 
Davis' father, Samuel Davis, em- 
igrated from Ireland in 1830, and 
settled in Quebec Province. He 
was a teacher by profession, and 
was Principal of the High School 
in Rouse's Point for several years. 
He educated his own family, the 
subject of this sketch amongst the 
number. About 1 8 years ago young 
Davis left his father's home to push his fortunes in the then comparatively 
new west. He had no money, but plenty of that pluck and energy that cha- 
racterizes the Irish race. He went to work at anything his hands found 
to do, and pushed himself forward until he became one of the most pros- 
perous business men and ranchers in the locality in which he settled. He 
has twice been elected Mayor of the thriving town of Prince Albert, 
Chairman of the Board of Trade, Chairman of the Public School Board ; 
he has also held a Commission of the Peace for the Territories for several 
years. In 1885 he married Rebecca Jennings, a daughter of Richard 
Jennings, Esq., of Dublin, Ireland. First returned to Parliament at by- 
election held December, 1896. A Liberal. Prince Albert, N. W.T. 




E. B. OSLER. 
(West Toronto.) 

Edmund Boyd Osier was born 
at Tecumseh, County of Simcoe, 
in 1845. He is the fourth son of 
the late Rev. F. L. Osier, M.A. 
(Cantab.), formerly of Falmouth, 
England, and Rector of Dundas 
and Ancaster, and Ellen Free 
Pickton. Mr. Osier was President 
of the Board of Trade, Toronto, 
1 896, and is a Director of the Cana- 
dian Pacific Railway and of the 
Dominion Bank. He is by occu- 
pation a share broker. He was 
first elected to the House of Com- 
mons at the general elections held 
in 1896. A Conservative. Toronto, O 

12 




178 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



R. H. POPE. 

(Compton.) 

Rufus Henry Pope was born at 
Cookshire, September 13, 1857, 
and is the son of the late Hon. 
John Henry Pope, M.P., who was 
Minister of Railways at the time 
of his death in April, 1889. He 
was educated at the Cookshire 
Academy, and at Sherbrooke High 
School and McGill College Law 
School. Mr. Pope is extensively 
engaged in farming, and is also a 
breeder of thoroughbred cattle. 
He married Lucy, daughter of 
Major C. Noble, of Compton. He 
was first elected to the House of 
Commons in May, 1889, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of his 
father. He was re-elected at the general elections held in 1891 and 1896. 
A Liberal-Conservative. Cookshire, Q. 




W. J. POUPORE. 

(Pontiac.) 

William Joseph Poupore was 
born on Allumette Island, Que., 
April 29, 1846, and is of Norman- 
French descent. He was educated 
on the Island and at Ottawa 
College, and afterwards studied 
Law for two years. Carries on a 
large business as mill owner, con- 
tractor, and lumberer, and owns 
a considerable area of timber limits 
on the Upper Ottawa, and else- 
where. Is President of the Grand 
Calumet Mining Co., of Ottawa, 
Ltd. He constructed the Aylmer 
Water Works in 1895, and is a 
half owner of that property with his partner, J. B. Fraser, Esq., of Ottawa. 
He was married in 1870 to Eleonore, second daughter of the late John 
Poupore, Esq., formerly M.P. for Pontiac. He was Mayor of Chichester 
for ten years 1872-1882, and Warden of the County Pontiac in 1881-1882, 
when he resigned on his being elected to the Quebec Legislature in that 
year, which seat he held till the general elections of 1892. He was Chair- 
man of the School Commissioners of Chichester from 1872 to 1882 inclu- 
sive. First returned to the Commons at the last general elections in 
1896. An Independent-Conservative. Morrisburg, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



179 



AULAY MORRISON, LL.B. 

(New Westminster.) 

Aulay MacAulay Morrison was 
born at Baddeck, County of Vic- 
toria, Nova Scotia, June 15, 1863, 
and is a son of the late Christopher 
Morrison. His grandfather on the 
maternal side, Aulay MacAulay, 
came from Harris, Scotland, and 
settled in Cape Breton. Mr. Mor- 
rison was educated in the Common 
Schools, at the Academies of Syd- 
ney and Pictou and at Dalhousie 
University, Halifax, from which 
* he graduated with the degree of 
Bachelor of Law in 1888. In the 
same year he was called to the 

Bar of Nova Scotia, and to that of British Columbia in 1890, to which 
Province he had removed for the practice of his profession. He is a Com- 
missioner of the New Westminster Public Library, and is also a member 
of the Board of Trade. He was first returned to Parliament at the general 
elections of 1896. A Liberal. New Westminster, B.C. 




H. A. POWELL. 

(Westmoreland.) 

Henry A. Powell was born at 
Richibucto, N.B., April 6, 1855, 
and is descended from an old 
Loyalist family who settled near 
Gagetown on the St. John River 
at the close of the Revolutionary 
War. He was educated at Kent 
County Grammar School, and at 
Mount Allison University, from 
which he graduated in 1875. He 
was called to the Bar of New 
Brunswick in 1880, and appointed 
Queen's Counsel in 1894. He was 
returned to the House of Assembly 
at the general elections of 1890, 
but the election was protested, and he resigned ; was re-elected, and again, 
in 1891, after being unseated. He was re-elected in 1892, and sat in the 
House of Assembly until August, 1895, when he resigned to contest his 
present seat for the Commons. He was successful, and again at the general 
elections of 1896. Mr. Powell is a member of the Board of Governors of 
Mount Allison University. He was married on June 26, 1878, to 
Allie, daughter of the Rev. G. B. Payson. Sackville, N.B. 




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PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



F. D. MONK. 

(Jacques Cartier.) 

Frederick Debartzch Monk was 
born in Montreal. April 6, 1856, 
being the fourth son of the late 
Hon. Mr. Justice Monk, whose fam- 
ily came originally from Devon- 
shire, England. His mother was 
Rosalie Caroline Debartzch, who 
came from a French family estab- 
lished in Canada under the French 
rigime. Mr. Monk was educated 
at the Montreal Seminary, and is 
by profession an advocate. He 
was appointed a Q.C. in 1893. He 

is a professor of Constitutional 

Law in Laval University, and was 

for twelve years a member of the Montreal School Board. He married, 
in 1880, Marie Louise, daughter of D. H. Senecal, advocate, and grand- 
daughter of the late C. S. Cherrier, Q.C. He was first returned to Parlia- 
ment, June 23, 1896, when he defeated his opponent, Mr. Arthur Boyer, 
by a vote of 2,329 against 2,216. A Conservative. Montreal. 




R. F. PREFONTAINE. 

(Maisonneuve.) 

Raymond Fournier Prefontaine 
was born in Longueuil, Que., on 
September 16, 1850. He was 
educated at the Jesuits' College, 
Montreal, and by private tuition. 
On June 2o, 1876, he married 
Hermantine, daughter of the late 
Senator J. B. Rolland, of Montreal. 
He received the degree of B.C.L. 
from McGill University, and was 
called to the Bar of Lower Canada 
in 1873. From 1878 to 1884, he 
was Mayor of Hochelaga, and he 
is now Mayor of Montreal, and 
was for ten years the Chair- 
man of the Board of Works, of Montreal. He is the President of the 
Young Liberals Association of Canada. He held a seat in the Quebec 
Assembly from the general elections of 1875 until the general elections 
held in 1878, when he was defeated. Upon the successful candidate being 
unseated, he was re-elected June 26, 1879, and sat until he was again 
defeated. He was elected for Chambly in July, 1886, and re-elected at 
the general elections of 1887, 1891 and 1896. A Liberal. Montreal. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



181 



LIEUT.-COL. HON. E. G. PRIOR, P.C, 
(Victoria City.) 

Lieut-Col. Hon. Edward Gawler 
Prior was born at Dallowgill, 
Yorkshire, England, May 21, 1853, 
and is the second son of the Rev. 
Henry Prior. He was educated at 
Leeds Grammar School and served 
his articles at Wakefield, as a 
Mining Engineer. He married in 
January, 1878, Suzette, youngest 
daughter of the late John Work, 
Esq., of Hillside, Victoria, since 
deceased. Col. Prior was for two 
years President of the Dominion 
Artillery Association, and is Vice- 
President of the Dominion Rifle 
Association, and commands the 5th Regt. Can. Artillery. He is by 
occupation a hardware merchant. In 1889 he was appointed Honorary 
A. D. C. to the Governor-General of Canada, and in 1890 was Comman- 
dant of the Canadian Rifle Team at Bisley. He held a seat in the Legis- 
lative Assembly of British Columbia from July, 1886, until January, 1888. 
He was first elected to Parliament in January, 1888, and was re-elected in 
1890 and in January, 1896, and was sworn of the Privy Council, and 
appointed Comptroller of Inland Revenue in the Bowell Government 
He resigned from the Cabinet in July, 1896. A Conservative. Victoria, 
B.C. 







C. I. RINFRET, M.D. 

(Lotbiniere.) 

Come Isaie Rinfret, M.D., was 
born September 6, 1847, at Cap 
Sante, County of Portneuf, and is 
a son of F. J. Rinfret, Esq., mer- 
chant, his mother being a sister of 
the Hon. Isidore Thibaudeau. He 
was educated at the Seminary of 
Quebec, and studied medicine at 
Victoria University, Montreal, 
from which he graduated with the 
degree of M.D. He was married 
to Miss N. Laliberte in 1873 at St. 
Croix. He was first returned to 
Parliament at the general elections 
of 1878, and has sat continuously 

for his present seat since that time, having been re-elected at the general 
elections of 1882. 1887, 1891 and 1896. St. Croix, Q. 




i8 2 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




J. B. MILLS, M.A., Q.C. 
(Annapolis.) 

John Burpee Mills was born at 
Granville Ferry, July 24, 1850, and 
is the youngest son of the late 
John Mills, Esq., of Granville Fer- 
ry. He was educated at Acadia 
College, Wolfville, N.S., and gra- 
duated a B.A. in 1871 and M.A. 
in 1877. He also attended Har- 
vard University Law School, and 
was called to the Bar of Nova Sco- 
tia in 1875, and appointed O.C. 
June 25, 1890. He married, first, 
in October, 1878, Bessie B. Cor- 
bitt, and, second, in July, 1896, 
Miss Agnes K. Rose. Mr. Mills 
is a director and holds offices in several local establishments, and was a 
member from 1882 until 1887 of the Municipal Council of Annapolis. 
Was first elected to the House of Commons at the general elections of 
1887, and was re-elected in 1891 and 1896. A Liberal-Conservative 
Annapolis JV.S. 



R. L. RICHARDSON. 

(Lisgar.) 

Robert Lome Richardson was 
born in the County Lanark, Ont.. 
June 28, 1860, of Scotch and 
English parentage, his grandfather, 
on his mother's side, being a Tra- 
falgar Veteran, who settled in the 
County of Lanark about 80 years 
ago. Mr. Richardson was edu- 
cated at the Balderson Public 
School, and became a journalist at 
19 years of age, when he entered 
the staff of the Montreal Star, 
afterwards being attached to the 
Toronto Globe. He went to Win- 
nipeg in 1882, where he has since 
resided, being all that period engaged in active daily newspaper work. 
In 1889, in conjunction with an old schoolmate and friend, he established 
the Winnipeg Daily Tribune, of which he is still the editor. He entered 
Parliament at the general elections of 1896, when he was elected member 
for Lisgar, defeating the Conservative candidate, Mr. R. Rodgers, by a 
vote of 2,687 against 2,603. He married March 11, 1885, Clara, daughter 
of the late Ira Mallory, of Mallorytown. A Liberal. Winnipeg, Man. 




PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



183 




DOMINIQUE MONET. 

(Laprairie and Napierville.) 

Dominique Monet was born at 
St. Michel de Napierville, January 
2, 1865, and is the son of Domini- 
que Monet, a farmer of the same 
place. He was educated at L'As- 
somption College and at Laval 
University, from which institution 
he graduated an LL.D. In July, 
1889, he was called to the Bar of 
the Province of Quebec, and now 
practices in partnership with Mr. 
J. A. Geoffrion. He married in 
June, 1887, Marie Louise LaHaye. 
He was the Liberal candidate at 
the by-election of Napierville, Dec. 
9, 1890, and was defeated by Mr. Parad is, Conservative. He was first elected 
to the House of Commons at the general elections of 1891 for the same 
County of Napierville by a majority of 18, and was re-elected at the gen- 
eral elections of 1896 in the united County of Laprairie and Napierville, 
by a majority of 276, against L. C. Pelletier, the previous representative of 
Laprairie. A Liberal-Intransigeant. St. Remi of Napierville, Q. 



JAMES ROBINSON. 
(Northumberland, N.B.) 

James Robinson was born at 
Derby, N.B., being of Scotch 
descent, his parents having come 
from Scotland. He was educated 
at Derby, N.B. He married in 
1877, Miss Grace McDonald. Mr. 
Robinson is a merchant and lum- 
berman, and is manager of the 
South-West Miramichi Boom & 
Lumber Co., and is also a director 
of the Newcastle Miramichi Spool 
Factor)', Ltd. He has been a 
County Councillor since the year 
1879, and was Warden of the 
County for three years. He sat in 
the House of Assembly of New Brunswick from January, 1890, until 
January, 1896, when he resigned, but was afterwards elected for his present 
seat in the House of Commons at a by-election held to fill the vacancy 
caused by the appointment of the sitting member to the Senate. He was 
re-elected at the general elections held in 1896. A Conservative. Mil- 
ler ton, N.B. 




184 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



LIEUT.-COL. R. R. McLENNAN. 

(Glengarry.) 

Lt.-Col. Roderick R. McLennan 
was born at Glen Donald, Charlot- 
tenburg, in January, 1842. Edu- 
cated there. Unmarried. Third 
son of Roderick McLennan, Esq., 
of Charlottenburg, Glengarry, and 
grandson of Farquhar McLennan, 
of Kintail, Ross-shire, Scotland, 
who settled in Glengarry in 1802, 
and served throughout the war of 
1812-1814 in 2nd Regiment Glen- 
garry Militia, being present at the 
capture of Ogdensburg and other 
important engagements. Col. Mc- 
Lennan in his younger days was 
very fond of all kinds of athletic sports, and was the best all-round athlete 
that Canada ever produced. Was for many years engaged in construction 
of railways and other public works, including the most difficult section of 
the C P.R. north of Lake Superior. Is a Director of the Manufacturers' 
Life Ins. Co., was President of the Liberal-Conservative Association for 
Glengarry, from 1885 to 1890. Is Colonel 59th Batt Stormont and Glen- 
garry Regiment. Has been active in pressing the claims of the veterans 
of 1837-8, for recognition and compensation. Author of an Act passed in 
the Session of 1896 for the protection of laborers employed by the Govern- 
ment and companies in the construction of public works, and has actively 
advocated many other measures in the interest of the working and agricul- 
tural classes. First returned to Parliament atg. e., 1891. Unseated and re- 
elected I4th Jan., 1892. Re-elected 1896. A Conservative Alexandria, O. 




J. D. REID, M.D. 

(South Grenville.) 

John Dowsley Reid, M.D.,was 
born at Prescott, Ont., January I, 
1859, his father being the late John 
Reid, a native of Belfast, Ireland, 
who came to Canada in 1845, and 
married a daughter of the late J ohn 
Dowsley, of Prescott. Mr. Reid 
was educated at Queen's College, 
Kingston, and graduated from 
thence with the degree of M.D. 
He is unmarried. He was first 
returned to Parliament at the gen- 
eral elections of 1891, and was re- 
elected at the last general elections 
of 1896. A Conservative. Car- 
dinal, O. 







PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



HON. A. A. O. LARIVIERE. 

(Provencher.) 

Hon. Alphonse Alfred Clement 
LaRiviere, third son of the late 
Abraham C. LaRiviere, of Mont- 
real, and Adelaide Marcil, of 
Longueuil, was born in Montreal, 
July 24, 1842, and was educated 
at St. Mary's College, Montreal. 
He was elected President of the 
Board of Arts and Manufactures 
for the Province of Quebec, the 
Institut des Artisans Canadiens, 
and the Cercle St. Pierre of Mon- 
treal, President of the Selkirk 
County Agricultural Society, Su- 
perintendent of the Catholic 
Schools, Joint Secretary of the Board of Education, and a member of 
the Council of the University of Manitoba. He represented St. Anne 
in the Manitoba Legislative Assembly in 1874. In 1878 he was elected 
by acclamation for St. Boniface, and again in 1879. Being appointed 
Provincial Secretary in 1881, he was re-elected by acclamation. In 1883 
he was made Minister of Agriculture, Statistics and Health, which office 
he resigned in 1866 to take the Provincial Treasurership. In 1889 he 
was elected to represent Provencher in the Dominion House to succeed 
the Hon. Joseph Royal, and has been twice re-elected. A Liberal- 
Conservative. St. Boniface, Man. 




ANDREW SEMPLE. 

(Centre Wellington.) 

Andrew Semple was born in Glas- 
gow, June 10, 1837. His parents 
were both natives of Lanarkshire, 
Scotland, and emigrated to Can- 
ada from Glasgow in 1841. He 
was educated at the Common 
Schools in the County of Simcoe. 
He was married October 19, 1866, 
to Margaret Potter. He is in busi- 
ness as a farmer and miller. He 
held the offices of Councillor and 
Reeve of East' Garafraxa for two 
years. He is a J.P., and is also a 
prominent member of the .I.O.F. 
and the A.O.U.W. He was first 
elected to the House of Commons at the general elections of 1 887, and was 
re-elected at the general elections of 1891 and 1896. A Liberal. Fer- 
gus, O. 




i86 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



JOHN R. ROBERTSON. 

(East Toronto.) 

John Ross Robertson was born 
in Toronto on December 28, 1841, 
his father being the late John 
Robertson, wholesale dry goods 
merchant, who came from Nairn- 
shire, Scotland, and was directly 
descended from Duncan Robert- 
son, Chief of the Clan of Struan 
Robertson in 1347. Mr. Robertson 
was educated at Upper Canada 
College, and has been twice mar- 
ried, his present wife being a 
daughter of George B. Holland, 
Esq., of Toronto. Mr. Robertson 
is a well-known publisher, and has 
been President of the Canadian Copyright Association from 1888. He is 
also a prominent Free Mason and was Grand-Master of the Grand Lodge 
of Canada in Ontario, 1890-1892; Grand First Principal of the Royal 
Arch Chapter of Canada in 1894-1897; also Representative of the United 
Grand Lodge of England in Ontario. He was first returned to Parlia- 
ment at the general elections of 1896. An Independent-Liberal-Conserv- 
ative. Toronto. 




J. A. ROSS, M.D. 

(Rimouski.) 

Jean Auguste Ross was born in 
Rimouski on September 6, 1851, 
his father being John Ross, which 
is suggestive of Scotch descent, 
and his mother, Caroline Talbot. 
He was one of two children, and 
was educated at Ste. Anne and 
Rimouski Seminaries, afterwards 
taking a medical course at Laval 
University, Quebec, from which he 
graduated, and soon after estab- 
lished himself as physician and 
surgeon in his native place, where 
at present he enjoys a wide prac- 
tice. He is Coroner for the Dis- 
trict of Rimouski, and also Quarantine Officer for that port, in which, 
capacity he has obtained a favorable reputation among passengers by the 
St. Lawrence route. Dr. Ross was first elected to the Parliament of Canada 
at a by-election held in 1897, on the appointment of J. B. R. Fiset, M.D.,. 
to the Senate of Canada. A Liberal. Rimouski, Q. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



187- 



W, J. ROCHE, M.D. 

(Marquette.) 

William James Roche was born 
at Clandeboye, Ont., on November 
30, 1859, his father being a native 
of Wexford, Ireland. He was 
educated at the Public School of 
Lucan, Ont., and at the London 
High School. He also attended 
Trinity University at Toronto, and 
subsequently graduated at the 
Western University in London, in 
1883. He married July 17, 1884, 
Annie E., daughter of the late 
William Cook, of Toronto. Mr. 
Roche is by profession a practicing 
physician, and has been a member 
of the Manitoba Medical Council since 1884. He was Grand-Master of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows for the Province of Manitoba in 
1892 and 1893, and was also Grand Representative to Sovereign Grand 
Lodge, which met in Chattanooga, Tenn., in 1894, and in Atlantic City, 
N.J., in 1895. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Legislative 
Assembly in 1892. He was first returned to Parliament at the general 
elections of 1896. A Conservative. Minnedosa, Man. 




BENNETT ROSAMOND. 

(Noith Lanark.) 

Bennett Rosamond was born at 
Carleton Place, Ont., May 10, 
1833. He is the eldest son of the 
late Mr. James Rosamond, who in 
1827 removed to Canada from the 
County of Leitrim, Ireland, and of 
Margaret Wilson, who came from 
the vicinity of Paisley, Scotland. 
He was educated at the Grammar 
School in Carleton Place. Mr. 
Rosamond has held the offices of 
Chairman of the United School 
Board, Reeve and Mayor of Al- 
monte. He is President and Man- 
aging Director of the Rosamond 
Woollen Co., and Vice-President and Managing Director of the Almonte 
Knitting Co. He was first elected to the Commons at a by-election held 
in December, 1891, to fill the seat vacated through the appointment of 
Mr. Jamieson, the sitting member, to a Judgeship. He was re-elected at 
the general elections of 1896. A Liberal-Conservative. Almonte, O. 




i88 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



FRANK OLIVER. 

(Alberta.) 

Frank Oliver was born in the 
Township of Chinguacousy, Coun- 
ty of Peel, Ont, September, 1853, 
and was educated at the Common 
School there. He is of mixed 
Irish and English descent. A 
journalist by profession ; he is 
proprietor of the Edmonton Bul- 
letin. Married, in 1881, Harriet, 
daughter of Thomas Dunlap, 
Prairie Grove, Man. Mr. Oliver 
sat for the District of Edmonton 
in the North-West Council from 
May 29, 1883, to 1884, and in the 
Legislative Assembly of the North- 
West Territories from the general elections of 1888 to June, 1896, when he 
resigned. At the general elections of 1896 he was elected for his present 
constituency to the Parliament of Canada. An Independent-Liberal, 
Edmonton, Alberta. 




J. G. SNETSINGER. 

(Cornwall and Stormont.) 

John Goodall Snetsinger was 
'born in in 1833 in the Township 
of Cornwall. His parents were 
U.E. Loyalists, and his ancestors, 
who were of German origin, set- 
tled in Stormont about the end of 
the 1 8th century. Mr. Snetsinger 
was educated at Cornwall Gram- 
mar School, and started business 
life as a clerk in the store of the 
late Colonel VanKoughnet in 
Cornwall, shortly afterwards join- 
ing the business of A. J. Barnhart. 
of Barnhart's Island. About 40 
years ago he established a general 
store and flour mills at Moulinette, Ont., which business he still carries on. 
He has held the office of Reeve of his own township for several years, and 
has been Warden of Cornwall and Stormont. He succeeded the late John 
Sandfield Macdonald as member for Cornwall and Stormont in the Ont- 
ario Legislature from 1871 to 1879. He contested Cornwall and Stormont 
unsuccessfully in 1891, reducing Dr. Bergin's majority, however, very 
greatly. He was first returned to the House of Commons at the general 
elections of 1896. A Liberal. Cornwall, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



189, 



ISIDORE PROULX. 

(Prescott.) 

Isidore Proulx was born at St. 
Hernias, Province of Quebec, 
March 13, 1840, and received his 
education at the Model School 
there. He was married in 1861 to 
Philomene Lalonde, of St. Hermas, 
and settled in the Township of 
Plantagenet in 1881. He is a far- 
mer by occupation, but has always 
taken a lively interest in public 
affairs, and was for twenty years 
Clerk of the Municipality of St. 
Hermas, and Reeve of North Plan- 
tagenet for five years. Mr. Proulx 
is also a Justice of the Peace. In 

1874 he ran for the Legislative Assembly of Quebec, but was unsuccessful. 
He was first returned to Parliament at the general elections of 1891 and 
was re-elected at the last general elections of 1896. Plantagenet, O. 




M. J. F. QUINN, Q.C. 

(St. Ann's Division, Montreal.) 

Michael Joseph Francis Quinn, 
Q.C., was born in Kingston, Out., 
and was educated at the Christian 
Brothers School and at Regiopolis 
College of that city. His father 
came to Canada from the County 
Tyrone, Ireland, in 1840. He was 
admitted to the Bar of Quebec in 
1878, and received the appoint- 
ment of Q.C. in 1890. He has 
been Crown Prosecutor and sub- 
stitute of the Attorney-General of 
the Province of Quebec at Montreal 
from March, 1892 to June, 1897. 
At the general elections of 1887, 
Mr. Quinn was an unsuccessful candidate for the County of Chateauguay. 
He was first returned to Parliament at the general elections of 1896. Mr. 
Quinn has been twice married ; first to Elizabeth, a daughter of the late 
John Harty, Esq., of Peterborough, Ont., who died in 1885; and, secondly, 
in 1889, to Ellen Mary, daughter of M. C Mullarky, Esq., of Montreal. 
Mr. Quinn's election was somewhat noteworthy, he having defeated Hon. 
James McShane, who was exceedingly popular in the constituency, and 
who had represented it previously in the Commons and in the Legislative 
Assembly. Montreal. 




190 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




THOMAS G. RODDICK, M.D. 

(St. Antoine Division, Montreal.) 

Thomas G. Roddick was born 
July 31, 1846, at Harbor Grace, 
Newfoundland, and received his 
early education there, his father 
being Principal of the Government 
Grammar School. He subsequently 
attended the Model and Normal 
Schools, Truro, N.S. ; entered the 
Medical Faculty of McGill Uni- 
versity in 1864 ; graduated in 1868 
with the highest honors, taking 
the Holmes Gold Medal and Final 
Prize. He was at once appointed 
Assistant House Surgeon Mont- 
real General Hospital, and, after 
spending six years there in various capacities, retired in 1874 to take a 
position on the attending staff. In connection with the McGill Medical 
Faculty, he was appointed Lecturer on Hygiene, 1872 ; Demonstrator 
of Anatomy, 1874 ; and the following year Professor of Clinical Surgery; 
held the latter position for 15 years, when he was promoted to the Chair 
of Surgery on the retirement of the late Dr. G. E. Fen wick. He is now 
Consulting Surgeon to both the General and Royal Victoria Hospitals. 
He has served on the Militia Force as Assistant Surgeon Grand Trunk 
Rifle Brigade, and Surgeon Major Prince of Wales Rifles. On the out- 
break of the North-West Rebellion in 1885, he was selected to take charge 
of medical affairs in the field, with the rank of Deputy-Surgeon General 
of Militia. He organized the hospitals and medical service for the 
Expeditionary Force, and was recommended for C.M.G. by the General 
in command. Was President of the Canadian Medical Association in 
1891, and is now President of the British Medical Association. The doctor 
married, 1880, Miss McKinnon, daughter of the late Wm. McKinnon, Esq., 
of Willow Bank, Pointe Claire, who died in 1890. Was returned to Par- 
liament at the general elections of 1896. A Conservative. Montreal. 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



VALENTINE RATZ. 

(North Middlesex.) 

Valentine Ratz was born at St. 
Jacobs, County of Waterloo, No- 
vember 12, 1848, and educated at 
Pine Hill Public School. He is a 
grandson of Valentine Ratz, who 
emigrated from Germany and set- 
tled on the site of the present town 
of Waterloo, Ont. His father, 
Jacob Ratz, was formerly an ex- 
tensive lumberman in the Town- 
ship of Wilmot, County of Water- 
loo, The subject of our sketch 
unites the occupation of lumber- 
man with that of farmer. He is 
President of the South River Lum- 
ber Co. of Parry Sound Dist. He was married on February 13, 1873, 
to Miss Mary Yager, of New Hamburg. In 1879 he entered the Munici- 
pal Council of the Township of Stephen, and has successively filled the 
offices of Deputy Reeve and Reeve. He was also elected Warden of the 
County of Huron in 1886. He was first returned to Parliament at the 
general elections of 1896. A Liberal. Mount Carmel, O. 




DAVID D. ROGERS. 

(Frontenac.) 

David Dickson Rogers was born 
June 10, 1845, in County Monag- 
han, Ireland, leaving that country 
same year for Canada. His parents 
settled in Prince Edward County, 
where he remained for fifteen 
years, removing thirty-five years 
ago to County Frontenac. Mr. 
Rogers, who is a farmer, was edu- 
cated at the Kingston Collegiate 
Institute. He is a Director and 
President of the Farmers' Institute 
and Agricultural Association. He 
practices mixed farming, and takes 
an active interest in everything 
pertaining to the agricultural class. Mr. Rogers was formerly a Conserv- 
ative, but was elected as a Patron of Industry at the general elections of 
1896, being the only member west of Montreal elected by acclamation. 
He married, in 1883, Charlotte, second daughter of the late Colin McNab. 
A Patron of Industry. Pittsburgh, O. 




I 9 2 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




BENJAMIN RUSSELL. 
(Halifax.) 

Benjamin Russell was born at 
Dartmouth, N.S., January 10, 
1849. He is the son of N. Russell, 
and a grandson of Nathaniel Rus- 
sell, who at the time of the evacu- 
ation of Boston by the British 
removed to Nova Scotia. He was 
educated at the Halifax Grammar 
School and at Mount Allison Col- 
lege. He was married September 
4, 1872, to Louise, daughter of 
Captain Coleman, of Dartmouth. 
He is by profession a Barrister-at- 
Law, and is also Recorder of Dart- 
mouth, and Professor of the Law 
of Contracts in Dalhousie University. He has also held the position of 
Reporter to the Supreme Court, and legal adviser of the Legislative Coun- 
cil of Nova Scotia. He was first elected to the House of Commons at the 
general election held in 1896. A Liberal. Halifax, N.S. 




W. STUBBS. 

(Card well.) 

William Stubbs was born July 
II, 1847, in the Township of Cale- 
don, his parents being natives of 
the County Fermanagh, Ireland, 
who came to Canada in 1824, and 
settled in the Township of Cale- 
don. Mr. Stubbs is a veterinary 
surgeon and farmer. He was 
educated in the Public School, and 
at the Veterinary College of Medi- 
cine, Toronto, where he graduated 
in March, 1868. In 1888 he mar- 
ried Annie, daughter of the late 
William Gillespie, of Orangeville. 
Has been first Deputy Reeve and 

Reeve of the Township of Caledon for several years, and has been Judge 
at nearly all the fairs in his district. He has held the position of Ontario 
Government Veterinary Surgeon for the District of Peel and Cardwell. 
He was first returned to Parliament at the by-election held in Cardwell 
December 24, 1895, and was re-elected at the general election in 1896. 
when he defeated Mr. Walsh, the straight Conservative Candidate, by 
about 400 majority. Mr. Stubbs is an Independent-Conservative. 
Caledon, O. 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



193 



J. A. C. MADORE. 

(Hochelaga.) 

Joseph Alexandra Camille Ma- 
dore was born at Blue Bonnets, 
Que., August 3, 1858. He was 
educated at the Montreal College, 
St. Mary's College and at McGill 
University, where he graduated a 
B.C.L. in 1880. In 1881 he was 
called to the Bar. He is by pro- 
fession an advocate. At the gen- 
eral elections of 1891 he was a 
candidate for Jacques Cartier. but 
was defeated. He is a member of 
the General Council of the Bar for 
the Province of Quebec. He was 
first elected to the House of Com- 
mons at the general elections'held in 1896. A Liberal. Montreal. 





T. S. SPROULE, M.D. 

(East Grey.) 

Dr. Thomas Simpson Sproule 
was born in the Township of King, 
York County, Ont., October 25, 
1843. He is of pure Irish descent, 
his parents having come to Can- 
ada from County Tyrone, Ireland, 
in 1836, and settled in York Coun- 
ty. Dr. Sproule received his 
education first in the Common 
Schools and the Universities of 
Michigan and Victoria. He gra- 
duated M.D. from the latter Uni- 
versity in 1868, and began the 
practice of his profession in Kala- 
mazoo, Mich., but soon removed 

to Markdale, Ont, where he has since resided, enjoying for many years 
a large and lucrative practice. He has also been for a long time, and 
still is, extensively engaged in farming and stock-raising, and for some 
time has been interested in the milling business. He has done good 
work in the promotion of agricultural societies, and was, for a time, a mem- 
ber of the municipality in which he resides. He was first elected to Par- 
liament to represent East Grey in the year 1878, and again in 1882, 1887, 
1891 and 1896. Was Chairman: of the Committee on Agriculture and 
Colonization from 1892 to 1896. He is a Liberal-Conservative, a staunch 
advocate of Protection, and in favor of National Schools. Markdale, O. 



194 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



J. G. RUTHERFORD. 

(Macdonald.) 

John Gunion Rutherford was 
born at Mountain Cross, Peebles- 
shire, Scotland, December 25, 
1857, his father being the Rev. 
Robert Rutherford, M.A,, for 
nearly fifty years Minister there. 
He was educated at the High 
School, Glasgow, and by private 
tuition. On coming to Canada in 
1875, he took a course at the On- 
tario Agricultural College, and 
afterwards attended the Ontario 
Veterinary College, graduating 
from that institution in 1879 with 
the rank of Gold Medalist. He is 
President of the Manitoba Liberal Printing Company, and also the owner 
of a large Veterinary Infirmary. During the North- West troubles in 1885, 
Mr. Rutherford served with the Winnipeg Field Battery as Veterinary 
Surgeon, and was present at the engagements of Fish Creek and Batoche, 
for which he received the medal and clasp. Married in 1887, Edith, 
daughter of the late Washington Boultbee, Esq., of Thornvale, Ancaster, 
Ont Mr. Rutherford contested the constituency at the by-election held in 
May, 1897, and was successful. Has been President of the Portage and 
Lakeside Agricultural Society, of the Turf Club, of St. Andrew's Society, 
and of the Veterinary Association of Manitoba, and is now President of the 
Horse Breeders' Association of Manitoba and Vice-President of the Mani- 
toba Poultry Association. He entertains a firm belief in the future of 
Canada as an integral portion of the British Empire. A Liberal. Portage 
la Prairie, Man. 




J. J. TUCKER. 

(St. John, N.B.) 

Lieutenant Colonel Joseph John 
Tucker was born at Chatham, Kent, 
England, and at an early age came 
to Canada with his father, the late 
John Tucker of St. John, N.B. Mr. 
Tucker was educated in England. 
He was for twenty years the chief 
surveyor for Lloyds in the East, 
and resided at Shanghai. He is 
a Lieut.-Colonel in command of 
the 62nd Battalion (Fusileers), St. 
John, N.B. Mr. Tucker was first 
returned to Parliament at the gene- 
ral elections held in 1 896. A Lib- 
eral. St. John, N.B. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



'95 



P. V. SAVARD. 

(Chicoutimi and Saguenay.) 

Paul Vilmond Savard was born 
at Eboulements, County of Char- 
levoix, July 28, 1864, and received 
his early education at the Semin- 
ary of Chicoutimi. He also studied 
at Laval University, where he 
graduated in Law in 1886. He 
was married July 23, 1888, to 
Marie Louise, daughter of C. Du- 
fresne, Esq., Principal of Montmag- 
ny College. He follows his pro- 
fession as an advocate at the pre- 
sent time. Mr. Savard was an 
unsuccessful candidate for his pre- 
sent seat in the Legislative Assem- 
bly of the Province of Quebec at the general elections of 1890. He was 
first returned to Parliament at the general elections of 1.891, but was 
unseated. He was re-elected at the last general elections in 1896. A 
Liberal. Chicoutimi, Q. 




HON. D. TISDALE. 

(South Norfolk.) 

Lieut-Colonel the Hon. David 
Tisdale was born in the Township 
of Charlotteville, County of Nor- 
folk, Ont, September 8, 1835. 
He is a grandson of Ephraim Tis- 
dale, a U.E. Loyalist, who took 
part in the battles of Queenston 
Heights and Lundy's Lane in 1812. 
He was educated at the Simcoe 
Grammar School. He was called 
to the Ontario Bar in 1858, appoint- 
ed a Q.C. in 1872. He joined 
the Militia in 1861, and command- 
ed the 39th Norfolk Rifles V.M. 
from 1868 to 1876. He unsuccess- 
fully contested North Norfolk in 1874. He was elected in South Norfolk 
in 1887, 1891, 1896, and on the formation of Sir Charles Tupper's Admin- 
istration was appointed Minister of Militia and Defence, May 2nd, 1896. 
He retired of course when Sir Charles resigned. He married November 
16,1858. He was largely instrumental in constructing and financing the 
Grand Trunk, Georgian Bay and Lake Erie Railway Company, and has 
been interested in other railway construction of a successful nature. A 
Conservative. Simcoe, O. 




196 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



A. H. MOORE. 

(Stanstead.) 

Alvan Head Moore was born 
at Hatley, Stanstead County, Que., 
April 20, 1838. His father and 
mother were born in the United 
States, but, in 1797, joined the 
exodus of U. E. Loyalists, came to 
Canada, and settled in Stanstead 
County. The subject of this sketch 
was educated in Canadian Aca- 
demies, and United States Col- 
legiate Institutes. Was President 
of the Waterloo and Magog Rail- 
way at the time it was transferred 
to and became part of the C. P. R. 
Is a Director in the Stanstead, 
Shefford and Chambly Ry. Co. Was one of the first promoters of the 
Magog Print Works, and a Director in the Company until it was sold to 
the Dominion Cotton Mills Co. Was for a long time Mayor of the Town- 
ship and Town of Magog, and Chairman of the School Commissioners, 
and for some time Warden of the County of Stanstead. Was for many 
years President of the Stanstead County Agricultural Society, a Justice of 
the Peace and Commissioner of the Superior Court. Married Julia A., 
daughter of the late Ralph Merry, Esq., of Magog. Was elected to the 
House of Commons at the general elections of 1896. An Independent- 
Conservative. Magog, Q. 




J. SCRIVER. 

(Huntingdon.) 

Julius Scriver was born at Hem- 
mingford, P.Q., February 5, 1826. 
He is a descendant of U. E. Loyal- 
ists who at the close of the Revolu- 
tion came to Canada from Duchess 
County, N.Y. He was educated 
at the University of Vermont. 
Mr. Scriver was formerly by occu- 
pation a merchant. He married 
Miss Frances M. Stevens, of Pots- 
dam, N.Y. Was President of the 
Quebec Frontier Railway. He 
represented Huntingdon in the 
Quebec Assembly from the time of 
the Union until his resignation in 
September, 1869, and was elected by acclamation to the Commons. He 
was also re-elected at the general elections of 1872, 1874, 1878, 1882, 
1887, 1891, 1896. A l^Q^^\,Hemmingford, Q. 



Jl 

4 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



197 



JAMES SOMERVILLE. 

(North Wentworth and Brant.) 

James Somerville was born in 
Dundas, Ont., June 7, 1834. His 
parents emigrated to Canada from 
Fifeshy-e, Scotland, settling in Dun- 
das in 1833. He was educated at 
the Common and Grammar 
Schools of Dundas and Simcoe. 
In 1854 he established the Ayr 
Observer, and was editor and pro- 
prietor until 1858, when he re- 
moved to Dundas, where he estab- 
lished the True Banner, and was 
editor and proprietor of that paper 
until 1886. He married in 1858, 
Janette, daughter of Mr. Alex- 
ander Rogers, Brant County, Ontario. Mr. Somerville has been Mayor 
of Dundas and Warden of the County of Wentworth, and has also held 
many municipal offices. He was first elected to the House of Commons 
at the general elections of 1882, and was re-elected at those of 1887, 1891 
and 1896. A Liberal. Dundas, O. 




M. T. STENSON. 

(Richmond and Wolfe.) 

Michael Thomas Stenson was 
born December 17, 1838, at Long- 
ford, Ireland, being the son of the 
late John Stenson, a grain dealer 
of Kildare, Ireland, who came to 
Canada in 1840, and carried on 
business as a wood merchant in 
Montreal. Mr. Stenson was edu- 
cated at St. Mary's College, Mont- 
real, where he took a classical 
course, and at Ste. Anne de la 
Pocatiere, where he took a course 
in agriculture; in May, 1864, ob- 
tained certificate from Military 
School at Montreal. He has been 
a farmer and a school teacher, and has held the office of Public School 
Inspector since 1864. He has been Mayor of Wotton and Warden of 
Wolfe County repeatedly, as well as director of No. 2 Wolfe County 
Agricultural Society, and President of Wotton Farmers' Club. He married 
first, in 1860, Bridget G. O'Rielly, who died 1880, and second, in 1886 
Marie Rosalie Deseve, of Sherbrooke. Mr. Stenson was first returned to 
Parliament at the general elections of 1896. A Liberal. Richmond, Q. 




198 



PERSONNEL OF TFIE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




JAMES SUTHERLAND. 

(North Oxford.) 

James Sutherland was born in 
the Township of Ancaster, County 
of Wentworth, July 17, 1849. He 
is the son of the late Alexander 
Sutherland, who removed from 
Caithness-shire, Scotland, to Can- 
ada in 1841, and settled in the 
Township of Ancaster, but removed 
in 1855 to the Township of East 
Zorra, County of Oxford. He was 
educated at the Grammar School 
of Woodstock, Mr. Sutherland was 
for several years a Member of the 
Municipal Council of Woodstock, 
and was Mayor for the year 1880. 
In the same year he was appointed a member of the Collegiate Institute 
Board of Trustees, and has held that office ever since. He was first elected 
to the Commons in December, 1880, and was re-elected in 1882, 1887, 
1891 and 1896, and is now Chairman of the Railway Committee of the 
Commons and Chief Liberal Whip. A Liberal. Woodstock, O. 



O. E. TALBOT. 

(Bellechasse.) 

Onesiphore Ernest Talbot was 
born at St. Arsene, County of Te- 
miscouata, and is the son of Mr. J. 
F. Talbot, notary, by Marguerite, 
daughter of E. R. Frechette, pro- 
prietor of Le Canadien, who was 
imprisoned during the Canadian 
Rebellion of 1837. His ancestors 
came to Canada with the British 
Army, and after the capitulation 
settled in Montmagny County, 
moving subsequently to LTslet 
County. Mr. Talbot was educated 
at St. Michel and at Quebec Semin- 
ary, and afterwards engaged in 
commercial pursuits in the United States, Ontario and Montreal until 
1887, when he took to farming at St. Michel, in which latter capacity he 
has been very successful. Received medal and diploma, and appointed 
member of Agricultural Council of Province of Quebec. He was married 
in 188710 Mary Guilsmartin, a Creole of Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A. He 
was first returned to Parliament at the general elections of 1896. A 
Liberal. St. Michel de Bellechasse, Q. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



199 



GEORGE TAYLOR. 

(South Leeds.) 

George Taylor was born in the 
Township of Lansdowne, County 
of Leeds, Out., March 31, 1840. 
He is the second son of the late 
William Taylor, Esq., and Ann 
Graham, who in 1 8 [8 emigrated to 
the County of Leeds, Ont, from 
the County of Wexford, Ireland. 
He was educated at the Common 
School in the Township of Lans- 
downe. Mr. Taylor is by occupa- 
tion a merchant. He married in 
September, 1863, Miss Margaret 
Latimer. He held the offices of 
Warden of the United Counties 

of Leeds and Grenville in 1879 ; Reeve of Gananoque for a period of five 
years, and was County Auditor in 1881 and 1882. He was first elected 
to the Commons at the general elections of 1882, and was re-elected at 
those of 1887, 1891 and 1896. A Conservative. Gananoque, O. 




LIEUT.-COL. R. TYRWHITT. 

(South Simcoe.) 

Lieut-Col. Richard Tyrwhitt 
was born in the County of Simcoe, 
Ont., November 29, 1844. He is 
the son of William Tyrwhitt, and 
grandson of Richard Tyrwhitt, 
Esq., of Nantyr Hall, Denbighshire. 
He was educated at Dinan and 
Rouen, France ; Barrie, Ont. ; and 
by private tuition. Mr. Tyrwhitt 
is Lieut.-Col. of the 36th Batt. V. 
M,, and is engaged in farming. 
He married in April, 1870, Emma, 
daughter of the late Ven. Arch- 
deacon G. Whitaker, Provost Tri- 
nity College, Toronto. In 1866 
he was Lieut, in a provisional Batt. on the Niagara Frontier. Served in 
the North-West Rebellion in 1885 as senior Major, York and Simcoe 
Regiment (Medal). He was Commander of the Wimbledon Team in 
1886. Was attached to the Canadian Contingent at Queen's Jubilee, 
1897, in London (Medal). Upon the death of the sitting Member for his 
present seat, he was first elected to the Commons in February, 1882. He 
was re-elected at the general elections of 1882, 1887, 1891 and 1896. A 
Conservative. Bradford, O. 




20O 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 




HON. SIR CHARLES TUPPER, BART., G.C.M.G., C.B., M.D., LL.D. 

(Cape Breton.) 



PERSONNEL, OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 2OI 



Hon. Sir Charles Tupper, Bart., was born at Amherst, Nova Scotia, 
July 2, 1821, his father being the late Rev. Charles Tupper, D.D., of 
Aylesford, N.S. Is an M.A. and D.C.L., of Acadia College, N.S. ; took 
the degree of M.D. at Edinburgh, and obtained the diploma of the Royal 
College of Surgeons in the same city in 1843. He is a Governor of Dal- 
housie College, Halifax; was President of the Canadian Medical Associa- 
tion from its formation in 1867 until 1870, when he declined re-election. 
To relate all the incidents in connection with Sir Charles Tupper's political 
career would be to write a history of Canada. There is no man at present 
in public life who has taken such an active part in the political affairs of 
this country. He entered political life as member for Cumberland in the 
Nova Scotia Assembly on May 22, 1855, until the Union, when he was 
elected to the House of Commons, in which he sat until May 24, 1884; 
re-elected at the general elections in 1887 and unseated for bribery by 
agents, but was again re-elected by an increased majority ; was not a 
candidate at the general elections of 1891. In January, 1896, entered the 
Administration of Sir Mackenzie Bowell, as Secretary of State, being 
returned for Cape Breton ; formed a Liberal- Conservative Government on 
the resignation of the former, in which he held the position of Prime 
Minister and portfolio of Secretary of State from April 27 to July 8, 1896, 
when he resigned consequent on the defeat of his party at the polls at 
the general elections held the previous month. Chosen Leader of the 
Opposition, August, 1896. He was a Member of the Executive Council 
and Provincial Secretary of Nova Scotia from 1857 to 1860, and from 
1863 till June 30; Prime Minister of that Province from 1864 until he 
retired in 1867. Was leader of the delegation from Nova Scotia to the 
Union Conference at Charlottetown in 1864; to that in Quebec the same 
year, and to the final Colonial Conference in London to complete the terms 
of Confederation, 1866-67. Sworn of the Privy Council, June, 1870, he 
was President of that body until July, 1872, when he was appointed 
Minister of Inland Revenue; has also held the portfolio of Minister of 
Customs, Minister of Public Works, Minister of Railways and Canals, 
and Finance Minister. In 1884 was appointed High Commissioner for 
Canada in London, but re-entered the Cabinet again in 1887, and remained 
until May, 1888, when he again accepted the position of High Commis- 
sioner. Was one of Her Majesty's plenipotentiaries to the Fisheries' Con- 
ference at Washington in 1887. While in Parliament he has been instru- 
mental in carrying through a large number of important measures, amongst 
others the Act granting a Charter to the Canadian Pacific Railway Com- 
pany and the Act prohibiting the manufacture and sale of intoxicating 
liquors in the North-West Territories. Ottawa^ O. 



2O2 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



HON. SIR CHARLES HIBBERT 
TUPPER, K.C.M.G. 

(Pictou.) 

The Hon. Sir Charles Hibbert 
Tupper, K.C.M.G., Q.C., was born 
at Amherst, N.S., August 3, 1855, 
and is the second son of Sir 
Charles Tupper, Bart. He was 
educated at McGill College, and at 
Harvard University, where he ob- 
tained the degree of LL.B. Called 
to the Bar of Nova Scotia in 1878, 
appointed Q-C. (Federal), August 
2, 1890. Sworn of the Privy Coun- 
cil and appointed Minister of 
Marine and Fisheries, May 31, 
1888 ; Minister of Justice, Decem- 
ber 21, 1894, resigning in January, 
1896. Solicitor-General (not in Cabinet) in the Administration of Sir 
Charles Tupper, Bart., from April 27 to July 8, 1896. Created K.C.M.G., 
1893, in recognition of his services as Her Majesty's Agent in the Behring 
Sea Arbitration at Paris. Married, September, 1879, Janet, daughter of 
Hon. James McDonald, Chief Justice of Nova Scotia. First returned to. 
Parliament in 1882 ; re-elected 1887, 1891, 1896, and on acceptance of 
office, June 1 8, 1888. A Liberal-Conservative. Victoria, B.C. 




GEORGE TURCOT. 

(Megantic.) 

George Turcot was born at Ste. 
Marie de Beauce, September 12, 
1851. He was educated at the 
same place. Mr. Turcot has been 
married twice ; first, in 1873, to 
Florida, daughter of F. X. Rous- 
seau, who died in 1 87 5, and, second, 
in 1885 to a sister of his deceased 
wife. After he had worked for 
several years on his father's farm, he 
started in business as a merchant. 
He has held the office of Chairman 
of the Board of School Commis- 
sioners since 1877, and also that 
of Secretary of the Municipal 
Council of Ste. Julie for twelve years. Was unanimously elected Mayor 
in 1893, and Warden of the County in 1894. He has held his present 
seat in the House of Commons from the general elections of 1887 to the 
general elections of 1891, when he wasan unsuccessful candidate. He was 
re-elected at the general elections of 1896 by defeating L. J. Frechette, 
Conservative, by a vote of 2073 to 1410. A Liberal. Ste. Julie de So- 
merset, Q. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



20J 



J. TOLMIE. 
(West Bruce.) 

John Tolmie was born in the 
Parish of Laggan, Inverness-shire, 
Scotland, August 31, 1845. He 
was educated at the Public School 
at Balgown. He was married in 
1883 to Maggie H. Paterson, of 
Lucknow, Ont. He and his parents 
emigrated to Canada in 1868, and 
settled in Bruce Township on a 
farm which is still owned by him. 
In 1884 he removed to Kincardine. 
He is now Manager and Secretary 
of the Ontario People's Salt& Soda 
Company, Limited, of Kincardine. 
He is by occupation a manufactur- 
er. He was Reeve of Bruce Township for four years, and was for one 
year Deputy-Reeve of Kincardine, and was also for two years Mayor cf 
Kincardine. He was first elected to the House of Commons for the West 
Riding of Bruce on June 23, 1896. An Independent. Kincardine, O. 




HON. N. C. WALLACE. 
(West York.) 

The Hon. Nathaniel Clarke 
Wallace was born in Woodbridge, 
Ont, May 21, 1844. He is the 
third son of the late Captain Na- 
thaniel Wallace and Ann Wallace, 
natives of County Sligo, Ireland, 
who came to Canada in 1834 and 
1833 respectively. He was educa- 
ted in Woodbridge Public School 
and at the Weston Grammar 
School. He is a merchant and 
flour miller. He was Reeve of 
Vaughan from 1874 to 1879, and 
was Warden of the County of York 
in 1878. He was elected for Par- 
liament for West York in 1878, 1882, 1887, 1891, 1892 and in 1896 by 
4,068, the largest majority on record in the history of the Dominion. He 
was Controller of Customs of Canada from December, 1892, until Decem- 
ber, 1895, in which year he resigned. He has been Grand Master of the 
Loyal Orange Association of British America since 1887, and has been- 
President of the Triennial Council of the Orangemen of the World since 
1891. A Liberal-Conservative. Woodbridge, O. 




204 



PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



URIAH WILSON. 
(Lennox.) 

Uriah Wilson was born on March 
17, 1841, in the Township of North 
Fredericksburg, County of Len- 
nox and Addington, Ont His 
father was a native of England, 
and his mother name from County 
Tyrone, Ireland. He was educated 
at the Public School at Napanee, 
Ont. In 1867 he married Miss 
Mary Moyle of Napanee. Mr. 
Wilson is by occupation a mer- 
chant. He represented Centre 
Ward in the Town Council in 
1875, 1876 and 1878, and was 
Deputy Reeve of Napanee in 
1879, 1880, 1 88 1 and 1882 ; Warden of the County of Lennox and 
Addington in 1882; Reeve of Napanee in 1884 and 1885, and held the 
office of Mayor in 1886. He was first elected to the House of Commons 
at the general elections of 1887, was defeated at the general elections of 
1891, but was returned at a by-election held in 1892 'and again at the 
general elections of 1896. A Conservative. Napanee, O. 




HON. J. F. WOOD, Q.C., P.C. 

(Brockville.) 

The Hon. John Fisher Wood 
was born at Elizabethtown, County 
-of Leeds, Ont., October 12, 1852, 
and is the son of John Wood, for- 
merly of Dundee, Scotland, and 
afterwards of Brockville. He was 
called to the Bar of Ontario in 
1876, and was appointed Q.C. in 
February, 1890. Mr. Wood is 
Solicitor for the United Counties 
of Leeds and Grenville, and for 
the Brockville Loan & Savings 
Company. He was first elected 
to the House of Commons at the 
general elections of 1882, and was 
re-elected in 1887, 1891 and 1896. In [890 he was appointed Deputy- 
Speaker of the Commons and Chairman of Committees, and in 1892 was 
appointed Chairman of the Committee on Railways and Canals. In 
December, 1892, he was appointed Comptroller of Inland Revenue and 
Comptroller of Customs in 1896, but resigned in July, 1896. A Conser- 
vative. Brockville, O. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OP COMMONS. 



205 



A. T. WOOD. 

(Hamilton.) 

Andrew Trew Wood was born 
at Mount Norn's, Armagh, Ireland, 
August, 1826, his father being 
David Wood, a merchant, whose 
family originally came from Scot- 
land, and settled there. On the 
maternal side he is of English des- 
cent. He came to Canada in 1846, 
and married first, in 1851, Mary 
E., eldest daughter of the late 
William Freeman, Esq.,of Saltfleet, 
Ont. ; second, 1863, Jennie, eldest 
daughter of Geo. H. White, Esq.^ 

of Yorkville, Ont. He is senior 

partner of the well-known hardware 

firm of Wood, Vallance & Co. Among the public offices held by him is that 
of President of the Hamilton Art School, Director of the Bank of Hamilton, 
and Vice-President of the Hamilton Provident & Loan Company. Is a 
Member of the Senate of the University of J"oronto and of the Board of 
Trustees. Has also been President of the Hamilton Board of Trade. He 
sat in Parliament from the general elections of 1874 to 1878. He stood 
again at the general elections of 1896, and was successful. Hamilton^ O* 




JOHN YEO. 

(East Prince, P.E.I.) 

John Yeo was born at Port Hill, 
P. E. I., June 29, 1837. He was 
educated at Uxbridge, England. 
Mr. Yeo is engaged in business as 
a merchant and shipowner. In 
1870 he was appointed a member 
of the P.E.I. Executive Council, 
and in 1871 he was elected 
Speaker of the House of Assembly. 
He was elected in June, 1875, 
Most Worshipful Grand Master of 
the Freemasons of Prince Edward 
Island. In 1873 he was reap- 
pointed to the Executive Council 
and also in 1876, but resigned in 
1879. He held a seat in the House of Assembly for the 2nd District of 
Prince from 1858 until 1891, when he resigned in order to become a can- 
didate for the Commons. He was first elected to the Commons at the 
general elections of 1891 for Prince, and was re-elected for East Prince at 
that of 1806. A Liberal Porthill, P.E.I. 




PERSONNEL OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF COMMONS. 



J. E. SEAGRAM. 

(North Waterloo.) 

Joseph Emm Seagram was born in the County of Waterloo, Ont., in 
1841. He is the son of Octavius Augustus Seagram and Amelia Styles, 
who both came from Bratton, Wiltshire, Eng. He was educated at Gait 
Grammar School, and was married in 1869 to Stephanie Erbs, of Gait, 
Ont. Mr. Seagram carries on an extensive business as a miller and dis- 
tiller. He takes an active interest in municipal affairs, and has been a 
Town Councillor of the thriving town of Waterloo, Ont., where his business 
is located. He was first returned to Parliament at the general election 
of 1896 as a Conservative. Waterloo, 0. 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Adams Hon. M., Q.C. ... 54 

Aikins Hon. J. C., P.C. 54 

Allan Hon. G. \V., P.O.. 55 

Almon Hon. W. J., M.D. 56 

Angers L. C. A 106 

ArmandLt.-Col.Hon.J.F. 55 

Bain Thomas 107 

Baird Hon. G. T 56 

Baker Hon. G. B., M.A. 57 

Bazinet Charles 1 08 

Beattie Major Thomas.. . . 107 

Beausoleil C 109 

Beith Robert HO 

Belcourt N. A in 

Bell Adam C 112 

Bell J. W 113 

Bellerose Hon. J. H 58 

Bennett W. H 109 

Bergeron J. G. H., B.C.L. 106 

Bernier Hon. T. A 64 

Bernier M. E Ill 

Bertram Geo. H 108 

Bethune J. L., M.D 112 

Blair Hon. A. G., Q.C.. 33 

Blanchard T no 

Bolduc Hon. Joseph 57 

Borden Hon. F. W., M.D. 21 

Borden R. L Il6 

Bostock Hewitt 118 

Boucher de Boucherville 

Hon. C. E., M.D 62 

Boulton Hon. Lt.-Col. C.A. 59 

Bourassa J. H. N 115 

Bourbonnais A., M.D.... 115 

Bourinot J. G., C.M.G.. 103 

Bowell Hon. SirM 61 

Britton B. M 114 

Broder A 113 

k/Brodeur L. P 114 

Brown J. P 117 

Bruneau A. A 1 16 

Burnett Leonard 117 

Calvert W. S 118 

Cameron M. C.,Q.C.... 119 

Campbell Archibald 119 

Cargill Henry 120 

Carling Hon. Sir John. .. 65 

Caron Hon. Sir Adolphe . 121 

Carroll Henry G 121 

Carscallen A. W .. 120 

Cartwright Hon. Sir R/J. 13 



PAGE 

Casey G. E., B.A., J.P.. 122 

Casgrain Hon.C.E 68 

Casgrain Thomas C 126 

Champagne L. N 129 

Charlton John 127 

Chauvin L. A 122 

Choquette P. A., LL.B.. 123 

Christie Thomas, M.D. .. 124 

Clancy J 125 

Clarke E. F 124 

Clemow Hon. Francis.... 96 

Cochrane E., J. P 123 

Cochrane Hon. M. H . . . . 65 

Copp Albert J. S 125 

Corby Henry 130 

Costigan Hon. John, J.P. 131 

Cowan Mahlon K 128 

Cox Hon. George A 67 

Craig T. D 132 

Dandurand Hon. Raoul.. 69 

Davies Hon. Sir L.H.,Q,C. 19 

Davin N. F 133 

Davis T. 177 

De Blois Hon. P. A 66 

Dechene A. M.... 134 

DesmaraisOdilon 135 

Dever Hon. James 67 

Dickey Hon. R. B., Q.C. 63 

Dobell Hon. R. R 29 

Dobson Hon. John 58 

Domville Lieut.-Col. Jas.. 136 

Douglas J. M 136 

Drummond Hon. G. A. .. 63 

DugasJ.L. E 130 

Dupi6 Hercule 143 

Dyment A. E 139 

Earle Thomas 129 

Edgar Hon. J. D lol 

Edwards W. C 137 

Ellis J. V 142 

ErbD. K 141 

EthierJ. A. C 140 

Featherston Joseph 144 

Ferguson Hon. D.,P.C.. 70 

Ferguson John 126 

Fielding Hon. W. S., P.C. 31 

Fiset Hon. J. B. R., M.D. 93 

Fisher Hon. S. A., B. A.. 25 

Fitzpatrick Hon. C., Q.C. 43 

Flint T.B 161 

Forget Hon. L. J 62 



PAGE 

Fortin Thomas 134 

Foster Hon. G. E., B.A.. 166 

Fraser D. C 147 

Fraser John 138 

Frost Francis T 128 

Ganong G. W 132 

Gauthier Joseph 131 

Gauvreau C. A 148 

Geoffrion Hon. C. A.,Q C. 37 

Gibson William 145 

Gillies J. A., M.A., Q.C.. 149 

Gilmour James 150 

Godbout Joseph, M.D 1 38 

GowanHon.J.R.,C.M.G 74 

Graham Duncan 135 

Guay P. M., M.D 137 

Guillet George 152 

Guit6 J. F 127 

Haggart Hon. J G 146 

Hale Frederic Hardinge. . 144- 

Haley Allen 153 

Harwood H, S 141 

Henderson David 139 

Heyd Charles B 140 

Kingston Hon. Sir W. H. 81 

Hodgins W. P 142 

Hughes Major Samuel. . . . 154 

Hurley J. M 155 

Hutchison William 158 

Ingrain A. B 146 

IvesHon. W. B.,Q.C.... 160 

Jameson R. W 156 

Joly de Lotbiniere Hon. 

Sir H.G 41 

Kaulbach Lieut. -Col. C.E. 157 

Kendry J 162 

King Hon. G,'G 64 

Kirchhoffer Hon. J. N. . . . 79 

Klock J. B 156 

Kloepfer Christian 143 

Landerkin G., M.D 155 

Landry Hon. A. C. P. R.. 71 

Lang John 154 

Langevin E.J.,N.P 51 

Lariviete Hon. A. A.C.. 185 
LaurierRt. Hon. Sir Wil- 
frid, P.C., K.C.M.G.. II 

Lavergne Louis 163 

Legris J. H 153 

Lemieux Adolphe .... .... 159 

LeMoyne J. de St. D.... '53 



208 



IKDEX. 



PAGE 



Lewin Hon. J. D 

Lewis W. J., M.D 

Lister J. F., Q.C. , 

Livingston J 

Logan H. J 

Lougheed Hon. J. A ... 

Lovitt Hon. John . 

Macdonald A. C 

Macdonald Hon. A. A.. 
Macdonald Hon. W.J.. 

Macdonald P., M.D 

Macdonell J. A 

Macfarlane Hon. Alex.. .. 

Maclnnes Hon. D 

MacKeen Hon. David... 

MacLaren A. F 

MacLean W. F 

Macpherson T. H 

McAlister J 

McCallum Hon.Lachlan. 
McCarthy D'Alton, Q.C. 

McCleary William 

McClure Firman 

McCormick George 

McDonald Hon. William. 

McDougall H. F 

McGregor W 

McGugan M 

McHugh George 

Mclnerney G. V 

Mclnnes W. W. B 

MdsaacC. F 

McKay Hon. Thomas .... 
McKindsey Hon. G. C... 

McLaren Hon. Peter 

McLennan A., M.D 

McLennan Lt.-Col. R. R.. 
McMillan Hon. D., M.D.. 

McMillan J 

McMullen J 

McNeil Alexander 

Mackie T 

Madore J. A. C 

Malouin A 

Marcotte F. A., M.D 

Martin Alexander 

Masson Hon. L. F. R.... 

Maxwell G. R 

Meigs D.B ' 

! 



1 64 
148 

IS 1 

149 
70 

69 
78 

73 

IS7 
95 
73 
86 

167 
159 
158 
1 60 
92 
165 | 
165 
171 

165 
83 
172 
170 
169 
147 
173 
170 
171 

84 

85 
176 
184 

78 
172 

174 
174 
r 5 

161 
169 

173 

72 
1 68 

'75 



PAGE 

Merner Hon. Samuel 80 

Mignault R. M. S., M.D.. 162 
Miller Hon. W., Q.C., P.C. 75 
Mills Hon. Dayid, LL.B . . 17 
Mills J. B., M.A., Q.C... 182 

Monet Dominique 183 

MonkF.D 180 

Montague Hon. W. H.... 175 

Montplaisir Hon. H 85 

Moore A. H 196 

Morin J. B 176 

Morrison Aulay, LL.B... 179 
Mulock Hon. Wm. Q.C. . . 23 

O'Brien Hon. James 77 

O'Donohoe Hon. J.,Q.C.. 77 
Ogilvie Hon. Lt.-Col. A. W. 76 

Oliver Frank. 182 

Osier E. B 177 

Owens Hon. W.,J.P 72 

Parmalee C. H 167 

Paterson Hon. Wm 39 

Pelletier Hon. C. A. P.... 49 

Penny E. Goff 164 

Pettet W. V 168 

Poirier Hon. P., M.A ' 80 

Pope R. H 178 

Poupore W. J 178 

Powell H. A 179 

Power Hon. L. G., LL.B. 75 

Prefontaine R. F 180 

Price Hon. E. J., D.C.L... 76 

Primrose Hon. C 84 

Prior Lt.-Col. Hon. E. G. 181 

Proulx Isidore 189 

Prowse Hon. Samuel 86 

Quinn M. J. F., Q.C 189 

Ratz Valentine 191 

Reesor Hon. David 82 

Reid Hon. James 89 

ReidJ. D., M.D 184 

Richardson R. L 182 

Rinfret C. I. M.D. ...... 181 

Robertson John R 186 

Robinson James 183 

Robitaille Hon. T., M.D.. 89 

Roche W. J., M.D 187 

Roddick Thomas G., M.D. 190 
Rogers David D 191 



PAGE 

Rosamond Bennett 187 

Ross Hon. J. J., M.D.... 90 

Ross J. A., M.D 186 

Russell Benjamin 192 

Rutherford T- G 194 

Sanford Hoii. W. E 94 

Savard P. V 195 

Scott Hon. R. W., Q.C.. 15 

Scriver J 196 

Seagram J. E 206 

Semple Andrew 185 

Sifton Hon. C., Q.C 35 

Smith Hon. SirF.,Knt... 91 
Smith Lieut .-Col. H. R.. 105 

Snetsinger J. G 188 

Snowball Hon. J. B 93 

Somerville James 197 

Sproule T. S., M.D 193 

Stenson M. T 197 

Strathcona and Mount 

Royal, Lord 45 

Stubbs W 192 

Sullivan Hon. M-, M.D.. 82 
; Sutherland Hon. J....... 90 

Sutherland James 198 

Talbot O. E 198 

Tarte Hon.J. 1 27 

Taylor George 199 

Temple Hon. Thomas .... 88 
Templeman Hon. W..... 91 
Thibaudeau Hon. A . A . . 92 
Thibaudeau Hon. Jos. R. 87 

Tisdale Hon. D ... 195 

Tolmie J 203 

Tucker J. J 194 

Tupper Hon. Sir C., Bart. 201 
Tupper Hon. Sir C.H. .. 202 

Turcot George 202 

Tyrwhitt Lieut. -Col- R.... 199 

Vidal Hon. Alex 95 

Villeneuve Hon.J. O.... 94 

Wallace Hon. N. C 203 

Wark Hon. David 66 

Wilson Uriah 204 

Wood A. T 205 

Wood Hon. J. F., Q.C. 204 

Wood Hon- Josiah 87 

Yeo John 205