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Full text of "The Pharmaceutical era"

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ONTARIO 

COLLEGE OF PHABMA^ 

AA GERRARD ST. H. 
TORONTO. 



^^ ONTARIO 

■ ^^RRARDsr F 
■TORONTO. ' 



• ♦ • i riCt * • * 



PHARMACEUTICAL ERA 



(WEEKLY.) 



EDITED BY ^^'^O/VTo^'^- ^- 

CHARLES W. PARSONS, Ph. C. 



VOLUME XXV. 

january==june:. 

190U 



\ 



NEW YORK: 
D. O. HAYNES 5- CO., 

PUBLISHERS. 



INDEX 




coaEGf or p„,««,,, 



LUME XXV. 



JANUARY 3 TO JUNE 27, 1901. 



Abrin. 640. 
Acetal, 17H. 
Acetanllld, 673. 
Acetopyrine. 232. 

Acid, Arsenous, Micro-Sublimate. 199. 
Boric. Effects on Nutrition, 591. 
Cacodylic and Cacodylates. 40. 
Carbolic. Favorite Poison. 502. 
History, 318. 
Sales, 23. 
Eosollc. 206. 
lodoso-benzoic, 649. 
Nucleinlc. 6S0. 
PjToligneous. 450. 
Salicylic, solubility. 233. 
Tannic, 699. 
Aconite. Assay. 699. 
Actol, 649. 
Adrenalin. 391. 471. 
Adulterations in Drugs. Detection by X-Rays, 

304. 
Advertisements. Bill to Regulate in Massa- 
chusetts. 184. 
Advertising. Hints. 225. 232. 
Matter in Canada. 213. 

Retail Druggists. 169 197. 202. 231. 309, 
385. 414. 41S. 478, 528. 557. 558. 584, 616. 
Window (See Window Displays). 
Dressing. 472. 
Alrogen. 227. 288. 
Air Pump. Practical, 474. 
Albumen, Preparation, Pure. 111. 
Alcohol, Action on the Human Economy, 562. 
Industrial Use, France 147, 520. 
Methyl, 223, 393. 696, 622, 64S. 

Blindness, 648. 
Pencils, 315. 

Perfumes, Determination. 649. 
Sale on Prescriptions. 590. 
Solidified. 366. 

Wood. Internal .\dministration. 393. 
Toxicity. 223. 
Use. 622. 
Alkaloids, Formation in Plants, 471. 
Alloys. Alkali MetaJs. 142. 
Amalgam Silver. Ancient, 176. 
Amber, 31. 

Unique. 114. 
Ambition. 340. 
Ammonia. Household. 622. 
Ammonium Chloride. Inhalation, 392. 
Ajnylenol. 6. 
Amyl Salicylate. 420. 
Valerianate. 225. 
Anaemin. 85. 

Anesthetics, Antiquity. 521. 
Anoidol, 649. 

Antimony. Veterinary Use. 680. 
Antlpyrin. 673. 
Antiseptics. Spraying. 147. 
Anti-Trust Law. No Violation, 585. 
Antltusslne. 649. 

ATJOthecaries Garden. Paris. 586. 
Apple Bloom Boquet. 174. 
Aqulnol. 199. 

Argon and Companions, 62. 
Asafetlda, Importation. 16. 
Assay of Crude Drugs and Estimation of 

.\ctive Principles. 611. 
Associations and Their Importance. 672. 

Pharmaceutical "^'ork, 445. 
A6SOCI.\TIONS PH.\RM.\CEUTIC-^1. (Clubs. 
Societies. Drug Clerks. Alumni. Etc.)— 
Alabama Pharmaceutical. 463: Allen- 
town (Pa.) Retail Druggists. 685; Ameri- 
can Chemical Society. 154. 290. 426; Amer- 
ican (Themlcal Society. New York Section. 
48 268 373. 511, 658; -American Pharma- 
ceutical, 136, 136, 631. 697: .American Soap 
Manufacturers. 461 ;Apotheearles' Bicycle 



ASSOCI.\TIONS Etc.. Continued. 

Club. 430. 482. 572. 595. 711: Arkansas 
Pharmacists, 602; Atlanta Druggists. 489. 
518. 

Bayonne (N. J.) Pharmaceutical. 72. 
479; Bedford (N. Y.) Pharmaceutical. 265. 
318. 371. 423. 479. 569; Berks Co. (Pa.) 
Pharmaceutiial. 483; Berkshire Co. 
(Mass.) Retail Druggists. 613; Bethlehem 
(Pa.) Retail Druggists, 685, 713; Bohemian 
Pharmacists (Chicago), 187; Boston 
Apothecaries' Guild, 12S; Boston Drug 
Clerks, 349, 595; Boston Drug Clerks' 
Social and Benevolem. 375. 400. 428; Bos- 
ton Druggists, 294. 375. 513; Boston Paint 
and Oil Club. 428; British Pharmaceuti- 
cal Conference. 56; British Pharmaceuti- 
cal Society. 232. 368. 534. 608; Bronx 
Pharmaceutical, 346. 451. 510. 593: Brook- 
lyn College of Pharmacy Alumni, 72, 154. 
2"ll, 269 510, 571, 593: Brooklyn District 
Druggists, 2.37; Bushwick (N. T.) Phar- 
maceutical. 183. 235, 395. 

Cambridge (Mass.) Drug Clerks, 214; 
Camden Co. (N. Y.) Druggists, 20, 158. 
322. 352. 429. 661; Central New York 
College of Pharmacy Boys. 17; Chicago 
College of Pharmacy Alumni. 487; Chi- 
cago Drug Trade Club, 53. 105. 298. 598; 
Chicago Fourth Auxillar>- Retail Drug- 
gists. 131; Chicago Reta.il Druggists. 79. 
404 461 6.30 715; (Chicago Veteran Drug- 
gists. 22, 354, 715: Colorado Pharmaceuti- 
cal, 634; Connecticut Pharml. 634. 694 

Dauphin Co. (Pa.) Pharmaceutical. 296: 
Dearborn Co., 104: Detroit Drug Clerks, 
77: Detroit and Wayne Co. Druggists. 
131; Drug Clerks' Circle, 126, 152, 479; 
Drug Merchants, 570. 

Erie Co (N. Y.) Pharmaceutical, 116, 

324, 354, 378, 403, 431, 458. 486. 515: 
Essex Co. (N. J.) Eh-ugglsts. 71. 212, 346, 
462 695: Evanston (111.). Druggists. 6.30. 

Fourth District (New York City) Drug- 
gists. 711; Franklin Co. (Mass.) Druggist?. 
294: Fourteenth District (New York City) 
Druggists. 345. 

German Apothecaries. 48, 126, 191. 292. 
395 481 638. 623. 624. 710; Georgia Phar- 
maceutical 6.32; Greater New York Phar- 
maceutical] 98. 266. 

Hoboken (N. J.) Retail Druggists, il. 
180. 289. , ^. 

Illinois Drug Clerks. 433: Illinois Medi- 
cal. 598: Illinois Pharmaceutical. 247. 

325. 326. 350. 433. 516. 692; Indiana Phar- 
maceutical. 463. 

Jersey City (N. J.) Druggists. 16, 96. 
238. 346. 538. 569. „„,,., 

Kansas Pharmaceutical, 692; Kentucky, 
635; Kings County (.V. Y.) Society, 69. 
209. 210. 317, 423. 569. 683. 

Lancaster (Pa.) Druggists, 101, 159; 
London Institute of Chemistrj-. 56; Louis- 
iana Pharmaceutical, 547; Louisville Re- 
tall Druggists, 406: Luzerne <^o (Pa ) 
Pharmaceutical. 322. 351. 483. 627 713; 
Lycoming Co. (Pa.) Pharmaceutical. 296. 

Manhattan Pharmaceutical. 48. 122. 211. 
290 317. 345. .3^. 461. 510. 593. 623. 709; 
Manhattan (Thirteenth District) Pharma- 
ceutical. 569; Manufacturing Perfumers. 
208 239 577; Marjland College of Phar- 
macy Alumni, 159. 662; Manland Pharma- 
ceutical 4S6. 544. 628, 662. 714; Massachu- 
setts Pharmaceutical. 94. 128. 690; Michi- 
gan Pharmaceutical, 103: Minneapolis Re- 
tail Druggists. 106. 132; Minnesota Phar- 
maceutical. 405: Missouri Pharmaceutical. 
56 462 597 600. 60S; Montgomery Co. 
(Pa.) Druggists. 185. 244; Montreal Phar- 



.\SS(Xri.-^TIONS, Etc.. Concluded. 

maceutlcal. 133; Morris Co. (N. J.) Phar-- 
maceutlcal. 424. 

National Association Retail Druggists, 
78 82. 104. 283. 303. 317. 353. 379. 467, 
593; National Wholesale Druggists. 235, 
^Oi: New England E>rug Exchange. 572? 
New England Retail Druggists Union. 
12S: New Jersey College of Pharmacy 
-Alumni. 72: New Jersey Pharmaceutical,. 
15. 138. 426. 513. 538. 603: New Jersejr 
Microscopical Society. 349: New York 
Board of Trade and Transportation. Drug 
Trade Section. 96. 126 239. 348. 452, 571; 
New York College of Pharmacy Alumni, 
70 71 97. 98. 153. 212. 240. 348, 425. 
454. 4Sb. 540 593. 623. 659. 710: New York 
Drug Trade' Club. 17. 124. 154. 180, 426. 
480, 540; New York Pharmaceutical 
Clerks, 18: New York Retail Druggists, 
72 98 236 291 395. 709; New York Scien- 
tific .illiaiice. 48. 153, 292, 611; New York 
State Pharmaceutical, 323, 378, 403, 426, 
4:J1 458. 486 509. 515. 538. 570. 594, 
651: Norfolk (Va.) Druggists. 460: North 
Carolina. 634; North Dakota. 77; Northern 
Ohio Drug. 516. 

Ohio Valley Druggists. 459; Oklahoma. 
330. 608. 

Paterson (N. J) Pharmaceutical. 16, 
70, Pennsvlvanla Pharmaceutical. 596. 686, 
717; Phi Chi Fraternity. Epsilon Chapter. 
205; Philadelphia College of Pharmacy 
Alumni, 244, 481: Philadelphia Drug Ex- 
change 128: Philadelphia Itetail Drug- 
gists. 50. 74. 101. 129. 157. 185, 216, 243, 
271 297. 322 400. 428. 483. 484. 513. 542. 
573' 661. 686.' 717: Pittsfleld (Mass.) Drug- 
gists. 595: Plalnfield (N. J.) Druggists. 538; 
Pratt Institute Chemical .\lumni. 426; 
Progressive Pharmaceutical. 29o: Pro- 
prietarx- Association of America. 319. 425, 
468. 495. 505. 572. 681; Prospect Heights 
Pharmaceutical. 424. 

Quebec Pharmaceutical. 163. 548; Que- 
bec Retail Druggists. 327. 

San Francisco Drug Clerks. ol9. 602. 
689: San Francisco Retail Druggists. 548; 
Seventh District (N. Y.) Druggists. 318; 
Sixth District (New York City) Druggists, 
345 709; societv Chemical Industry. New 
York Section. 97. 124. 182. 434. 571; South 
Brooklyn. 371; South l?arolina, 634; South- 
em Industrial Convention. 685: Spring- 
field. (Mass.) Drug Clerks' Union. 100, 
(i85''St Louis Apothecaries, 106. 518. 576, 
600: St. Louis College of Pharmacy 
Alumni 54. 100. 133. 161. 272. 300, 488. 
546 600; St. Louis Drug Clerks' Society, 
106 133. 219. 631; St. Louis Merchants 
and Manufacturers. 132: St. Louis Paint, 
on and Drug Club. 272. 381. 462; St Louis 
Retail Druggists' Sat'd'y Night Club. 434. 

Texas Pharmaceutical. 352; Torrey Bo- 
tanical Club. 27. 635; Trenton (N. J.> 
Druggists 683; Troy (N. Y.) Pharma- 
ceutical. 16. 99. 182. 190. 320. 397. 481: 
Twenty-Sixth Ward (Brooklyn) Pharma- 
ceutical. 424. 479. 

Union Co. (N. J.) Druggists. 39o. 

Van Vleet Rifle Club. 382. 

Washington Chemical Society _.o; 
Wedgewnod Club. 159. 274. 377. 485. il4; 
Westchester Co. (N. Y.) Pharmaceutical. 
423- Williamsburg IN. Y.) Pharmaceutical, 
289 451. 569: 'Wilmington Co. (Pa.) Drug- 
gists 322: Wilmington (Del.) Retail Drug- 
gists. 101; Wisconsin Pharmaceutical. 580. 

A sterol. 649. ^ „,^, 

Asthmallne. Litigation, 299. 326. 



IV 



INDEX. 



r 



t1»iini Tartar, SBO. 
Balsam. Ooiigh. Sweet Tolu, 307. 

<\e Maltha, 41 

Peru. 443. 477. 
Baslrlne, (141). 
Bay Rum, 2X0. 
Beer, .\mcrlcan. Arsenic, 110. 124, 152. 180. 

S'el-^nlum Compounds ae Poisons. 288. 
Beeswax. 012. _„_ 

Bella.l mna. Poke Root, as Adulterant, 535. 

Hoot, Assay. 470. 

Scopolln Substitution. 471. 
Bell Bill. l.M. 108. 1711. 
Benzine Jelly, nw. 

Substitute Wanted, 111. 
■»Berta-NapMbol. (»74. 

• Bile. Ten, 300. 
Biographies. See Personals. 

■ Blnghamton 'N'. Y.) Druggists Sue Drug Trade 

Trusts. 309. 
Bismuth Subnltrate, 12. 

• Blsmutose. 420. 

■ Bitters. Old Style. 450. 
■Blackheads. Removal, 503, 
-Blacking Stove, 310. 
^•Btatie lie Perle. 312, 

1 QlpctS Composition. 149. 
«^lrlfler, 450. 
-Bluing Liquid. 287. 

BOARDS OP PHARMACY.— Arkansas. 002; 
California 519. 547, 033. 094; Connecticut. 
.128; Florida, 7211; Georgia. 27. 463: Illinois. 
53; 247, :!79, 438, 491, 575; Indiana, 519; 
Kansas 408, 094; Kentucky. 108. 459. 493; 
I^iuisiana, 294. 547, 001; Maryland, 217, 
1 575, 035; Massachusetts. 50, 73, 299, .321. 

: .374. 309. 454. 455. 542; Michigan, 77, 408; 

Minnesota, 77. 138. 220. 488; Mississippi, 
:!81; Missouri, 4.34; N'evada. 577; New Jer- 
sey. 72 425 577; New South Wales, 307; 
New York Citv, 15. 17. 40; New York, 16. 
43 70 292, 319, 320, 324, 349, 353, 370, 372. 
SO'S. 570, 62;i. 652; New York (Eastern 
Branchi 70, 98. 154. 240, 268, 374, 396, 624. 
«83; New York (Middle Branch). 540; New 
York (Western Branch), 378; North Da- 
Dakota, 463; Ohio, 94; Oklahoma, 1.35, 
619; Pennsvlvania, 4. 00. 85. 296. 324, 
328 376. 40O. 460. 483, 573. 603, 610, 627; 
South Dakota. 358: Tennessee. 382, 490; 
Victorian, 119: Virginia, 108, 409: West 
Virginia. 628: Wisconsin, 491. 
Boils. Treatment, 70S. 
Bookkeeping. Druggists. 83. 92. 
BOOK REVIBAVS.— Badger Pharmacist. 190; 
Beai. Notes on Equation Writing, 492; 
Bulletin of the Lloyd Library of Botany, 
T*harmacy and Materia Medica, 493; 
Tfager. Handbook der Pharmaceutlschen 
Praxis. 493; Indian Doctor's Dispensatory. 
493: Kidder. Retail Druggists' National 
Price List and Organizer. 631: King's 
American Dispensatory, 191 : Lommel. 
Experimental Physics. 492: Lydston, 
Panama and the Sierras. 493: Merck's 
1901 Manual of the Materia Medica. 5(>4; 
Oldberg. Inorganic General Medical and 
Pharmaceutical Chemistry. 222; Proceed- 
ings Manufacturing Perfumers' Associa- 
tion. 577; Ruddiman. Incompatibilities in 
Prescriptions. 492; Scientific American 
Cyclopedia of iRIeceipts, 492; Sadtler and 
Coblentz, Pharmaceutical and Medical 
Chemistry, 222: Self- Examination, 597: 
Sturgis, Sexual Debility in Man, 325: 
Tanner, Memoranda on Poisons, 599: 
■Wilcox, Ethical Marriage. 492. 
Books. Assay of Iron Ore. 650. 
Bacteriology 177. 
Bleaching. 478. 
Pruggists, Useful, 501. 
-Dyes. Package. 149. 
■Fermentation. 177. 

Food Preservatives and Antiseptics. 315. 
~l,aundry Management, 478. 
:Newer Remedies. 478. 
Photography, 149. 
Plant Analysis. 650. 
Synthetic Chemistry, 478. 
-Borax. Effect on the Hair, 315. 

Nutrition. 591. 
Bordeaux Mixture. 536. 
Botany. Economic. Australian, 145. 
■Bottles Filled. Duties on Imported, 182. 
•BOWLING DRCG TRADE.— American Drug 
Trade Bowling League. 212. 422. 457: Bal- 
timore. 21. 52. 75. 102. 130. 159 217 245 
274. 323. 352. .377. 403. 431. 457, 544. 514; 
Boston, 7.3, 100: Buffalo. 324. 378 4.17: 
Chicago, 22. 53. 105, 187. 246. 298. 325. 355. 
379. 404. 510. 598. 715; Cincinnati. 439: 
Detroit. 53; Louisville 406; New York. 
17. 18, 71, 265, 319, 373. 427. 480. .594, 
623, 711: Philadelphia, 51. 74. 158. 215. 351. 
377. 429. 596: Pittsburg. 248. o24. 407: 
St. Louis. 23. 107. 189. 219, 327, 380, 434, 
462. 489. 518. 
B. P. C. Formulary 1901. 5.33. 



Brain. Function, 149. 

nrass. Etching. 120. 

niomine . Io«Iln Cumpound, 478. 

Uromo-Seltzer Trademark. 320. 

Hrooklyn Druggists' (Jrganlze. 237. 

Bumping. To Prevent. 700. 

Burns. .■Vppllcatlon. 170. 

Carbolic Add. 592. 
Business Chair in Colleges. 195. 198. 220, 254, 
277, 305, 362, 413. 

In.structlon. Colleges, 337. 

Men Education. 612. 

Methods; 253, 527. 

Morality. 7. 

Pharmacy. 2B6. 279. 307. 3.39, 361, 380. 
415. 472. 501, .526, 531. 558, 583, 618, (H7. 
BUSINESS REXrORD.-24. 55. Ui. 190, 435, 

4!K). .5.50, 6:!5. 
Butter. Renovated. Tests. 701. 
Buvlng and Selling. 307. 



Cacodvlates. 649. 
Calcinol. 148. 
Calcium Cacodylate, 41. 
lodate, 147. 

Antiseptic. 148. 
Peroxide. 534. 
Saccharate. 201. 
Camphor. Cultivation In Ceylon. 591. 

Tar. Window Display, 503. 
Candy. Glycerine. 41. 
Canker Cure. 120. 
Cannabis Indlca, 471. 
Capsules. Making. 701. 
Caramel. Coloring Agent, 564. 
Caraway. Dutch. OSti. 
Carbon Chloride. 650. 

Trivalent. 147. 
Cardamoms, Cobalt, 421. 
Cascara. Fnuid. Tasteless. 314. 

Sagrada. Aging. 143. 
Castoria Litigation, 300. 521. 
Catarrh Snuft, 366. 
Cearin. 534. 

Cellulose Industries, 228. 
Cement. Bookbinders. 255. , 

Celluloid. 255. 

Enamelled Signs and Letters. 176. 
Leather to Metal. 178. 
Charcoal. Manufacture. 146. 
Chemical Industries. U. S.. 391. 

Theories Exposition, 34. 
Chemistry and Chemists in U. S.. 87. 

Study, 10. 
Chemist. Technical. Training, 365. 
Chemist's Prophecy, 562. 
Chicago Drug Stores Wrecked, 186. 
(_'hlcken Cholera, 394. 
Chinosol. 650. 

Chloroform. Electrolytic Preparation. 477. 
Chrysolein. 85. 225, 288. 
Cider. Champagne. 394. 

Phosphate. 394. 
Cigarette War, Massachusetts, 213. 
Cigar Wrappers. Spotting. 622. 
Cinchona .\Ikaloids. Formation, 3. 
Assay, 498. 
Bark. Display. 97. 
Sulphate. 261. 
Citrophene. 85. 

Civil Service Examination. Apothecary. 709. 
Clay Dressing. 564. 
Cleaning Composition. Electric, 496. 
Cleansing Compounds. 504. 
Clerks. How Keep. 339. 
Coal Substitute. 477. 

Tar. .^.nitiseptic. 502. 
Cobalt. New Compounds, 313. 
Coca Leaves. Valuation, 581. 
Code of Ethics, Philadelphia College of Phar- 
macy. 93. 
Coffee Without Caffeine, 198. 
Cold in the Head. 360, 367. 

COLLEGES OP PHARMACY.— Albany. 319: 
-Atlanta. 493; Brooklyn, 16. 18, 48, 72, 
154, 268, 347, 398, 453, 511 539, 570. 571: 
Buffalo. 324. .378. 457. 485: California 
University. 547. 577; Chicago, 191. 298, 
328, :i54. 355; 379. 402. 487, 715: Cincinnati, 
029: Cleveland, 517; College of Physicians 
and Surgeons (San Francisco) 602; Dallas 
iTex.). 188; Louisville, 460; Marviand, 21, 
102, 399. 457, 483, 544, 575, 597. 629; 
Massachusetts. 542. 572, 685; Medico- 
Chirurgical, 370. 401, 543, 574, 596, 627; 
Michigan University, 513; Minnesota Uni- 
versity, 326, 664, 720; Montreal, 103, 688; 
National. 628; New Orleans. 408. 577; 
New York, 17, 72, 97, 240, 269, 348. 374. 
398. 432. 453. 480. 571. 623. 683: North- 
western University. 379; Ohio State Uni- 
versity. 094; Paris. 117; Philadelphia, 51 
93, 101, 216, 244, 271, 295, 350, 375. 401, 
455, 460, 514, 696; Pittsburg, 662: Scio, O.. 
694; South Carolina College of Pharmacy. 
001; St. Louis. .327. .381, 382, 405. 433. 
462. 489, 518, 664; Wisconsin University, 
326. 
Coilyrium Adstringens Luteum, 422. 



Color Changes In Medicines, 313. 
Colored Fires, 205. 
Columbian Spirit. Use 622. 
Copaiba, 502. 

Corker's Metamorphosis, 113. 
Corks, old. Renovating, 700. 

CORRESPONDENCE.- 60, 84, 111, 142, 169. 
225, 253, 333, 385, 413, 441, 532, 553, 610, 
672. 
Costello Bill, 397, 480, 510. 
Cost Marks. 618. 

Costume. .Academic, Etiquette, 178. 
Cotton. Absorbent, Testing, 525, 

Silicate, 14. 
Cough Candles, 41, 

Mixture, Thomson's, 535. 
County Organization, 583. 
Cough. Grippe. 366. 
Cover Glasses, Polishing, 227. 
Cream, Almond, 344. 

Anti-Chap, 360. 

Cold. 60. 

Lanollne, 255 564. 

Toilet, 262. 
Credit. Little Things Which Affect, 143, 
C^eme Marquise, 478. 
Crucible, Cheap, 475. 

Manufacture. 418. 
Cupellatlon, :i00. 
Cutting. Remedy. 111. 



Dearborn Syndicate. 196, 217. 224. 240. 
I>entifrice, Saponaceous. Florentine. 369. 
Digitalis, Active Principles, 234, 441. 

Glucosides. 365. 

Disinfectant. Powder. 420. 

Dispensing Hints. 05. 7LH. 

Drug Business, Hopeful View, 199. 

Success. 387. 

Clerk. Justice. 84. 

Patience and Business Taot, 388. 
What Can be Done for Him?— 5. 
What He Thinks, 361. 
Culture. 115. 
Store. Country Town, 361. 

How to Make Pay, 2791 307, 340. 
415, 648. 
Stores Caught on the Fly. 559. 
Druggist. Retail. Business Ability, &47. 
Druggist's Trading In Non-Secrets and Own 
Preparations 675. 
Trials. 414. 
Drugs. Comlned Effect, 205. 

Crude. Instructions for Collecting. 477. 
Defined. 591. 
Habitat. 670. 
Dusty Trades, Dangers, 13. 
Dyeing, Straw, 563. 



Early Closing. St. Louis, 101. 
Easter Displays, 341. 
Eau Cosmetique 262. 
Bau de Cologne, 287. 

EDITORIALS.— 1. 29. 57. 81. 109 139. 167. 
193. 223, 251, 275. 303, 331, 359, 383, 411. 
439, 467. 495, 522. 551, 578, 609, 637 667, 
697. 

Advertise. 141. 

A Good Scheme. 332. 

Alcohol. Methyl or Wood, 331. 

-■^lum in Baking Powder, 359. 

American Chemical Society. 411. 

-\re There Traitors in the Ranks, 667. 

.\rticles on Drug Store Topics Wanted, 333. 

Association Scholarships in Colleges of 
Pharmacy, 609. 

A Sure Investment., 579. 

Austria Admits Women Pharmacists. 3. 

Baking Powders. The Worm Turns, 275. 

Belated Information 196. 

Bell Bill .Amended. 168. 

Benzine Substitute. 111. 

Blnghamton Cut-rate War, 439. 

Blue Book. 609. 

Bogus Lemonade. 496. 

Bookkeeping for Druggists, 83. 

Brosius Bill, 141. 

Business Chair in Colleges, 195. 

Business Course in Colleges, 253. 

Business Education, 224. 

Charged Storage on a Leg, 698. 

Commercial Training in Colleges, 610. 

Costello Bill. 383. 

C^its for Druggists' Advertising, 197. 

Cutter a Curious Being, 551. 

Cutter's A^iews on the New York Situa- 
tion. 667. 

Drug Business and the Business Druggist, 
252. 

Druggists (Responsible for His Own Bur- 
dens. 83. 

Drug Trade Swindler at Liberty, 6,38. 

Early Closing. Plea, 84. 

Easter Tide. 359. 

Educate the Faculties, 385. 

Era and Its Complete Service. 1. 

Era Course in Pharmacy. 169, 276, 496. 698. 



INDEX. 



EDITORIALS. Concluded. 

Era's New Dress, 10t>. 

Era Supplements. 111. 

Era's Work for Repeal of Stamp Tax. 167. 

Eras Wanted. 441. 

Exhibit at the A. Ph. A. Meeting. 61»T. 

Fatal Error. 224. 

For the Clerks. 332. 

Formulas and Prescriptions Belong to the 
Employer. 524. 

Freak Legislation, 331. 

Government as a Competitor. 139. 

Greater New York and the Pharmacy Law, 
loit. 

Grocers Suffer Also. 524. 

Gumbacco. 439. 

Hear His Plaint. 579. 

Here's Xer\'e and Audacity. 669. 

Higher Cost Will Not Decrease Cutting. 30. 

Historical. 580. 

How to Make the Drug Store Pay. 140. 

Importance of Details. 440. 

Index. Volume XXIV.. 58; Volume XXV., 
698. 

Is There Arsenic in American Beer. 110. 

Kentucky Board After Saloon Keepers. 440. 

King Edward's Physicians and Apothe- 
caries, 412. 

Laboratory Notes. 468. 495. 551. 669. 

Law Would Affect New York Druggists, 

no. 

Let Justice Be Done, 58. 
Manufacture of Quinine, 610. 
Maurer Phenacetine Case, 524. 
Medicinal Plasters Subject to Tax. 83. 
Method of Classification in the "Blue 

Book." 168. 
National Association of Retail Druggists 

Again a Winner. 303. 
X. A. R. D. Plan. Test. 82. 
N. A. R. D. Plan Working. 467. 
^'ational Bureau of Standards, 275. 
National Wholesale Druggists Association 

Meeting. 3(.H. 
New Pharmacy Law. 30. 
Newspaper Science, 610. 
No More Medicine Tax, 697. 
Offensive Window Displays. 579. 
Original Paper on Practical Subjects, 384. 
Papers Wanted. 196. 
Passing of the Old Centurj', 2. 
-Peculiar Requests. 332. 
Pennsylvania Pharmacy Muddle. 439. 
-Pharmacists and Fair Prices, 141. 
JPharmaey Legislation in New York, 224. 
Pipe Dreams and College Commencements. 

637. 
Folson Legislation and Observance of Laws, 

637. 
Proposed National Bureau of Materia 

Med lea, 551. 
^Proposed Test of the State Pharmay law, 59. 
Proprietary Association of America. 468. 
^Proprietors in Tripartite Agreement. 224. 
Pure i^ood Bill, 29. 
Pure Food Bills, 81. 
Redemption of Tax Stamps. 333. 
Responsibility of the Pharmacist, 580. 
Rochester Apathetic, 31. 
'Sale of Narcotics in Alabama, 3. 
Seller's Antiseptic Pastilles, 276. 
.Senate Revenue Bill. 223. 
Shop Talk. 304. 
Situation in New York, 252. 
Soda Fountain Bill. 552. 
Some Aspects of Pharmaceutical Legisla- 

lation, 360. 
Stamp Tax, 109. 196. 303. 
Stamp Tax Repeal Endangered, 81. 
Study of Pharmacy, 384. 
Sunday and Early Closing Problem. 411. 
Supervision of the Apprentice, 523. 
Swindlers of the Drug Trade, 82. 
Tarrant Fire. 58. 
That Drug Store Syndicate 224. 
The Cigarette. 412. 
The Clerk as Contributor. 524. 
The Proprietary Association. 495. 
The Situation in New York 195. 
The Usual Strike Bills. 496. 
The Waters Are Troubled. 608. 
There is Hope, 251. 

To Amend New Y'ork Pharmacy Law. 251. 
Toxicity of Wood Alcohol, 223. 
Troublous Times, .384. 
Twenty-Five Dollars Reward, 698. 
Undesirable Compliment, 331. 
Vaccine Virus, 332. 
Value of a Testimonial, 332. 
Value of the Era Course. 580. 
War Tax, Repeal. 57. 
"W'hat Organization Can Do. 468. 
Who Are They?— 225. 
William Annear. 167. 
Wouldn't it Jar You?— 31. 
Wouldn't This Jar You?— 225. 
Education, Technical. Business Men. 612. 
Elaterium. 206. 
Electro-Capillary Action. 288. 
Kiements, Periodic Arrangement, 35. 
Elixir Bromides. Triple. 592. 
Cascara. Aromatic, 707. 

Sagrada with Glj-cerine. 393. 



Kllxlr. Dentifrice. 316. 

Iron. Quinine and Strychnine, 120. 

Opium, Dt-narcotlzed. 369. 

Terplu Hydrate. 369. 

and Codeine. 343. 
Eniodin. 504. 

Employer and Clerk. Relation, 531. 
Emulsion Bromoforni, 393. 

Crt'osotal. 176. 

Fgg. 286. 

Oil. Cod Liver. 287. 
Chocolate. 422. 
Eplcarin. 385. 

EpistaxJs. Alumnol as Remedy. 3. 
Brosine. 197. 
Essence Boquet. 287. 

Carnation Pink, 450. 

Ginger. 679. 

Wood Alcohol, 210. 

Heliotrope. 450. 

Jockey Club, 450. 

Orange Wine, 679. 

Port, 679. 

Raspberry Wine. 679. 

Sherry. 679. 

Sweet Tiriar, 287. 

White Lilac, 450. 
Etching Brass, \'2it. 
Ether Amyl-Salicylique. 0. 
Ethyl Chloride. Anaesthetic, 592. 
Euguform .638. 
Eiiophthalmin. 200. 
Exalglne, 673. 

Examinations, Pharmaceutical, Great Britain, 
591. 

Practical. 112. 
Exchanging Purchases. 441. 
Explosives, Storing, Law, 291. 
Extract Cascara. Fluid. Tasteless. 314. 

Djamboe. Fluid. 360. 

Jasmine. 45o. 

Lemon. 2.33. 343. 

Mountain Sage. Fluid, 14. 

Pineapple, 150. 

Raspberry, 150. 

Strawberry 150. 

Vanilla. 233, 234, 343. 
Adulterants, 499. 

Violet. 450. 

Ylang Ylang, 450. 
Extracts. Flavoring. 233. 

Fluid. Acetic. 591. 

Perfume, 450. 
Eyeglasses, Deposition of Moisture Prevented. 
533. 



Face Paints, 150. 

Powder. Bernhardt's. 393. 
Fire Extinguisher, Chimney. 261. 
Flaxseed. Tea. 262. 
Fleas. Essence. 255. 
Fly Syrup. 580. 
Food Adulteration. 533. 

Infant. Lacfated, 306. 

Poultry, 394. 

Preservatives. Commercial. Composition, 
.049. 

Y'eost. ' 147. 
Formaldehyde. 366. 

Assay, 120. 
Formulas, Graphic. Teaching. 473, 532, 553. 
Foxberries. 2:J2. 

Fraiids. Swindlers, etc. See Personals. 
Freckles. Remedies. 343, 622. 
Fruits. Crushed. 561. 

Forms and Modes of Dispersal. 36. 
Furfural in Beverages, 31. 



Gadol 206. 

Garlic. 420. 

Garnets. 257: 

Gasoline. Coloring Red. 369. 

Gelsemium Alkaloids, Detection in Presence of 

Caffeine and Acetanilid, 581. 
Ginger Ale. Extract. 580. 

To Prevent Foaming. 422. 
Glass, Colored for Chemical and Drug Bottles, 
369. 

Opaque. 366. 
Glycerin, Ash, 148. 

Benzoinated. 204. 
Gnats. Essence, 255, 
Gold Chloride. Commercial, 581. 
Goods. Returned and Exchanged. 5^*2. 
Guacamphol. bo. 
Guarana. 200. 
Gumbacco. 430. 

Gunpowder Stains. Removal, 650. 
Gutta Percha, 173. 

Substitute. 176. 
Gypsum, Hardening. 649. 



H 



Haemorrhoids. Treatment, Aesculus Hippocas- 

tanum. 6. 
Hair Curlers. 204. 



Hair Dye, Walnut. 119. 

Dyes, 278. 

Restorer. Resorcln. 28fi. 
Health Commandments, Ten. 150. 
Hectograph. 205. 
Hedonal. 391. 420. 
Heliotrope Boquet. 174. 
Hetororm. 422. 
Hiring Help, .S07. 339. 
Hog ChoUra, 393. 
Holocaln. Clear Solution, 561. 
Honey. Analysis. 590. 

Mlrbane. 590. 
Honthln, 564. 

Hop Production, Washington and Oregon. 562. 
Hops. Alkaloid, 148. 
How to Hurry. 225. 
Hunyadl Litigation, 429. 542. 
Hyacinth. 6.W. 

Hydrastlne-Morphlne Reaction. .151. 
Hydrastis Canadensis. Assay. 471. 
Hydrogen Dioxide. Comments on V. S. P. 
Method of Preparation. 700. 

Formation in Atmosphere, 306. 



Incompatlbles. See Prescription Difficulties 

Indicator. New, 2«S. 

Indigo. Future. 148. 

Inhalation. Ammonium Chloride. 392. 

Ink. Advertising Signs. 622. 

Alizarin, 176. 

Bronze. Show Cards, 648. 

Glass. 591. 

Glossy. 14. 

Hectograph 205. 

Invisible. 261. 
Insect Powder. Assay. 306. 
Insecticides as Profit Makers. 526. 
Insects Resembling Orchids. 118. 
Inventories. Frequent, 143. 
■Iodine. Starch Paper. 419. 
Iodoform. Solvent. 94. 

Vaseline, 333. 
Ipecac, Cartagena. 392. 
Iron Cacodylate. 41. 



Jockey Club, 174. 

Journals. Pharmaceutical. Work. 445, 

Juice Grape. 170. 

Juices. Fruit. Methyl Alcohol, 206. 



King Neptune's Ceremonies on Crossing the 
Equator. 500. 



Labels, Character. 704 

Laboratory Devices. Practical. 474. 

LABOR.\.TORT NOTES. -469, 497, 525. 581, 

Bll. 609. 609. 
Lactucarium. 5S1. 

Assay. 471. 
Lamp. Alcohol. Bunsen Burner, 475. 
Lampblack, .\cetylene, 176. 
Lanolin Milk. 564. 
Law, Pharmacy, California. 54*. 
Illinois. Amendments, 544. 
Michigan. Proposed. 76. 
New York. 44, 59, 109, 122, 124. 125, 
319. 539, 5W. _ 

Should it be Amended?— 614. 
Prohibition, North Dakota Druggists, liB. 
Shorter Hours. Penalty. 369. 
Lead. White. Manufacturing. 314 
Legislation, I.,iquor. Minnesota. 358. 
Massachusetts. 183. 241. 
Pharmacy Massachusetts. 321, 684. 
Missouri, 161, 327. 
New Jersey. 238. 425. 

New York. 151. 208. 236. 251. 266. 290, 
292 297 347. 349, 354. 373. 383, 397, 
424'. 480! 
Pennsylvania. 245. 269, 296. 322. 376. 484. 
Tennessee. 381. 
Lemonade. Elttel Tower. 496. 
Library. Pharmacists', 39. 
Licorice, 3?9. 

Shipment. 296. 
Light. Therapeutic Action. 227. 
Lighting. Color of Walls. 114. 
Lime Sugar. 261. 

Liquor Carbonls Detergene. 393. 502. 564. 
Licenses. Massachusetts, 155. 
Sales, Maine. 49. 

Massachusetts. 293. 
South Dakota. 299. 
Losses Drug Stock, 258. 
Lotion. Face. 262. 
Mo-squlto. .leS. 
Sunburn. 286. 
Lotus Poison. 313. 
Lubricant. Machine, 262. 



M 



Maceration, 474. 

Magendle. Spelling. 233. 

Magnesium Carbonate Prosecution. 5l». 



VI 



INDEX. 



Manure. Fermentation, 94. 

Mastic. 420. 

Match Industrj'. Phosphorus, 37. 

Mate. 234. 

Matzoon, Litigation. 510. 

Measure, Counter. 618. 

Meat. Smoklnp. 450. 

Medical Proresslon. Chinese, 312. 

Medicine, SImpllcUy. 175. 

Medicines of the Mlc-Mac Tribe, 144. 

Prescribed by St. Louis Physicians. "01. 
Memorials to American Pharmacists, 146. 
Memphis Medical College. 301. 
Mercury Cacodylate. 41. 

Urine. Sensitive Test, 638. 
Metals, Rare, 87. 
Milk. Condensed, Character, 499. 

Formaldehyde, Detection, 502. 
Minneapolis Druggists Appeal for Removal of 

Stamp Tax. 203. 
Mirrors. Slivering. 120. 

Transparent. 022. 
Miss Wheezey, Christian Scientist. 605. 
Mistura Nigra, 233. 261. 
Mixture, Chalk. 66. 

Cough. White Pine. 233. 

Quinine and Salol. 343. 
Molecules, Gaseous, 34. 

Liquid. 34. 
Morphine Execution of Criminals. 174. 

Purmaldehyde and Sulphuric Acid Test, 582. 
Mosquito Bites. 499. 

Lotion, 503. 
Moustache Cosmetic. 370. 
Mucilage, Quince Seed, 636. 
Musk. Artmcial. 261. 
Myrrh, Masking Taste, 315. 



N 



452. 
367. 
245. 
614, 

213, 
482, 



217, 
486, 



Naphthalin. i>74. 

Naphthol, Alpha, versus Beta, 385. 
N. A. R. D. Plan in New York. 263. 
New Leaves Turned Back, 199. 
New York Jobbers and Tripartite Plans. 
NEWS DEPARTMENT.— Australasia, 119, 
Baltimore, 62. 75, 102, 130. 159. 2111 

274, 323. 352, 377, 402, 431, 457, 485' 

643, 575, 597, 628, 662, 687, 714. 
Boston. 19, 49, 7.S, 99. 128. 165, 183 

241. 293, 321, 349. 374, 399, 42S, 454'. 

512, 541, 572, 595, 625, 680, 684, 712. 
Buffalo, 297. 323, 353 378, 403, 431, 

485 515 
Cillltornla', 519, 602, 633, 689. 
Chicago, 22, 53, 78, 104 131, 160, 186, 

246, 288, 325, 354. 379 404, 432, 461. 

516. 544, 647, 675, 698. 630, 663, 716. 
Cincinnati, 469, 629. 
Cleveland 407, 458, 616. 
Detroit, 23, 63. 76. 103. 131, 162. 666. 
London, 66, 232, 368. 421, 534, 608. 
Louisville. 62, 107, 406, 598. 
Montreal, 133, 163, 327, 548. 688. 
New Orleans. 301. 355, 408, 463, 647, 

601, 666. 716. 
New York. 16, 46, 69, 95. 121, 161 

207, 236, 263. 2S9, 317, 345, 371. 396, 

451, 479. 509, 638, 669. 593, 623, 668, 

709. 
North Carolina, 134, 164. 
Northwest. 22. 54, 77, 106, 132. 163 

219, 250, 299, 326, 358, 380. 405, 433 

488, 517, 546, 674. 699. 632, 664, 688, ' 
Paris. 117. 281. 520, 556. 
Philadelphia. 20, 50. 74. 101, 128, 157 

215. 243, 269, 322, 375. 400, 428,' 

483. 513, 542, 573, 696. 627, 661, 685 
Pittsburg. 23, 248. 324, 407, 460, 600 

662, 687, 716. 
St. Louis, 23, 54, 106, 132. 161. 189, 

272, 300. 327. 380. 405, 433, 462 488 

546, 576, 600, 631, 664, 689. 
The South. 248. 301, 357, 381. 434, 489 

576, 602, 632. 
News of the World, 26. 
Nursing BoMle. History, 282. 
Nuts. Physic. 14. 



Obituaries. See Personals. 
Odor, Undulatory Theory, 27. 
Oil, Bay. 680. 

Castor. Tasteless, 149. 

Cedar. 680. 

Cottonseed. Exports. 280. 
Halphen's Test, 699. 

Earthnul. Industrj-, 42. 

Geranium, 119. 

Hair. Walnut, 176. 

Illuminating. Masking Odor, 178. 

Lavender. 351. 

Development, 420. 

LeTion. 680. 

Linseed. Oxidation, 177. 

Mlrbane, 590. 

Peanut. 42. 

Peppermint. Industrj' 278 

Pine Needles, 6:18. 

Poplar Buds. 422. 

Rose, Occurrence of Phenylethyl Alcohol, 33. 



179. 
423, 
681. 



189, 
, 466, 
716. 

185, 
465, 
713. 
628, 

218, 
518, 



Oil, Sandalwood, Estimation of Santalol, 469. 

Sanial, .ISl. 

Sunllower. Production, 314. 

Thyme, 533. 
Oils. Essential. Adulteration. 63. 

Mineral, Geology, 147. 
Ointment. Balsam of Tolu. 635. 

t^rbolic SOS. 

Freckle, Hebra's, 343. 

.Tamleson's. 422. 

Salicylic Acid. Vnna's, 120. 
Oleomargarine. Tests, 701. 

Opium Alkaloids. Formaldehyde and Sulphuric 
Add Test. 582. 

Morphine ne'tcrmlnatlon. 497. 

Smuggling In Detroit, 53. 
Organize and Work. 22.'j. 
Organization. County. 215. 
Orris. Masking Taste, 315. 
Osteogen. 85. 
Oxygen, Production, 477. 

Subcutaneousl.v. 60. 



Paint. Zinc Oxide, 422. 

Paints. Face, 1.50. 
Luminous, 394. 

Pancreon. 360. 

Pancreopepslne vs. Pancropepsin, 184. 

Papaw. 596. 

Paper. "Flock." 13. 
Iridescent. 420. 
Non-inflammable. 592. 
Starch. 410. 

Paprika, 478. 

Pastilles. Glycerine, 41. 

Paste. Labels to Itn, liS. 
Lassar's, 343. 
Permanent, 368. 
Razor. 176. 
White. Preservative, 503. 

Patent Medicines and Christian Science. 155. 
Reduce Prices, 333. 

PATENTS. TRADEMARKS. ETC.— 25, 137, 
163, 193, 211, 249. 329, 356, 409, 437. 465, 
494, 522, 549. 678. 607, 636, 665, 696. 

Patents and Trademarks Securing, 478. 

Patient, Age, 206. 

Pegnin. 344. 

Pencils. Alcohol. 315. 

Penmanship. 116. 

Pennsylvania Prosecutions. 4, 60. 

Percolation, Rapid. 367. 

Percolator. Blotting Paper as Filter. 474. 

Perfumes. Concrete. 422. 

Notes on Manufacture, 174. 

Periodicals as a Side Line. 341. 

Persodine. 627. • . ' I f fil 

PERSONALS (Including Obituaries, Portraits. 
Items of Personal Interest Regarding 
Firms. Drug Trade Swindlers etc.. etc.) 

Abbott, Clarence T, 150: Alexander H 
F., 487: Allen, Miss Emily F., 49: Amer- 
ican Magnesia Co.. 686: American Sani- 
tary and Dispensary Co., 56. 94: American 
Soda Fountain Co., 19: American Thera- 
peutic Co.. 572; Ammon, Conrad, 47; 
Annear, William. 1,53. 159. 167. 185. 207. 
216, 246. 511, 638. 658; Arbuscina Medical 
Co.. 669: Armstrong Cork Co., 183. 212; 
Armstrong. Frederick W.. 218; Arrington, 
H. H.. 427: Augusta Drug Co., 406; Ayer. 
Frederick F., 641 . 

Bacon Co., B. H., 72: Baddour & Co., 
Joseph S., 98: Baer. Dr. Herman. 61. 164; 
Baird. John. 682; Baker, George R.. 545; 
Bancroft. Reginald B.. 695; Barnard 
Remedy Co., 398; Bartlett, Edward H.. 
459; Bassett. Dr. Geo. R.. 4.33; Bassian. 
Dr. John. 519; Bauer. Dr. Alfred G.. lo7' 
Baxter. H. H.. 689; Beach and Clarridge. 
613: Becker. Louis. 268; Berger. H. L.. 
424; Berger. Otto, 674: Berlin Remedy 
540; Bernhard & Simmons, 398; Berthelot, 
M., 556: Bess Remedy Co.. 682; Bigelow 
C. C, 124; Blair, Henry C. 74; Blanchet 
Company. The A. D.. 683: Blood. Rosweli 
P.. 601; Bodemann Wllhelm. 404: Bokar. 
Joseph, IS; Bolm. William C. 679; Bor- 
deaux Medical Co.. 453; Boulduc Pierre 
688; Bowne, Jacob, 630; Bradt. ' Warren 
L.. 640; Brandt. Gustav. 15; Braun & Co.. 
F. W., 355; Breltenbach Co.. The M. J., 
154; Brindisi. Rocco, 399; Brown. Charles 
P.. 48: Brunstrom. Chas., 299; Bryant 
I. C, 123, 153, 179, 510; Burgess. William 
G.. 491; Burton, Lebbeus, 164; Bush. Geo. 
W . 216; Butler Drug & Chemical Co., 
711: Byrne. George F. . 98. 

Caggar. William. 98; Calef. Lena R.. 
164; Calvert Drug Co.. 130; Carver. Harry 
T., 23; Campbell. Mervin S.. 624: Casse- 
beer, Henry A., Jr., 347; Century Medi- 
cine Co., 682: Chadwlck, James W 73- 
Chalfant, C. J., 376: Chalfant. W W.,' 
376: Chalmers. W. W.. 327; Chatin. Gus- 
tave Adolphe. 281: Chesebrough. Robert 
A.. 453: Chive, 163: Church James E, 
98; Clemmer, Dr. J. J.. 488; Cochrane 
Chemical Co., 626: Cohen, Herman L., 
47, 265. 658: Cohen & Co.. 47; Colonial 
Drug Co.. 516; Conant, Geo A., 493; 



PERSONAl>S, Etc.. Continued. 

Councell. Rhodes Hemmone, 372; Con* 
solldaled Drug Co.. 125; Consolidated Per- 
fume Co.. 427; Cook. Mrs. Earl. 434; 
Coombs, Chas. E.. 309: Countle, Charles 
J., .5611; Crecellus, J. T.. 52: Crelghton. 
Dr. Wm. F.. 514: Crispell Co.. N. S., Bll; 
Crosher. Henry P., 48, 97, 268. 320. 462, 
481; Currier. Dr. W. H., 50; Cystogen 
Chemical Co., 26. 

Damascus Extract Bark Co., 377; 
Davidson, Frank A., 421; Davis Drug 
Drug Co.. 714; Davis. George S., 131; 
Davis. Walter O.. 16; Darcy, Dr. Hugh 
T.. 160: Daugherty. S. C, 315; Dauscha. 
Bruno R. 6H<»; Dearborn Laboratories, 
196, 217, 240; De Grath Drug Co., 669: 
Desmond. J. J.. 19; De Witt. Elden C., 
.SOO; DIedel & Son, Henry, 240; Donald- 
sonvllle Drug Co., Ltd., 676; Dow, Harrle, 
293; Dowie, Rev. John A., 99. 

Eamise Remedy Co.. 672; Eagle Medi- 
cine Co.. 2«9; Eastman. O. F.. 436; 
Eaton. Charles I.. 164; Economical Drug 
Co.. 105. 326: Eddy. George V.. 21; Ellel 
J. C. 77; Ellard. Richard, 457; Elliott, 
H. A., .543; Ellison. Mrs.. 153. 179, 268. 
292: Empire State Drug Co., 373: Englert, 
Adam. 154; Epstein. O. B.. 97; Erb, L. 
G. B.. 48: Eureka Soap Co.. 142. 672; 
Eutaw Drug Co., 714; Evans, George B., 
322. 

Faber. Sidney. 238; Fassett. Frederick 
A.. 540: Fawcett. Dr. Edward S., 378: 
Finch, William E., 632; Finlay, Dicks & 
Co., 355; Fisher, Harry P.. 49; FIte. 
C. C, 427: Fleming, John A., 461r 
Franco Importing Co., 179: Frank, John, 
Sr., 687; PYanklin Remedy Co., 711r 
Eraser. Thomas E.. 373: Eraser & Co... 
630: Frazer. Charles. 453; Frederick. 
Wlliam. 510; Frieberg, E. Leonard. 299; 
Fuller. O. F.. 630; Fuller. Mrs. O. F 364 

Gale. Walter H.. 692; Gannon, irvlng- 
P., 19; Gassicourt, Cadet de. 117; Gelsler,. 
Leo W.. 127; General Chemical Co.. 182; 
Geyer Avenue Drug Co.. 161; Giltiert. 
Fairfield, 50; Oilman. Nathaniel I. 212; 
Gilpin, Langdon & Co., 402. 431; Goettlng, 
E. C, 674; Goft & Sons Co., S B., 18; 
Ooll. Bruno H.. 188: Goodwin. Henry W., 
577: Granville, Albert. 61; Granville.. 
Algernon. 82; Graves Tooth Powder Co., 
Dr. E. L.. 273: Greenberg, Louis. 154; 
Green Co.. Jacob L., 483: Greenleaf. 
Robert W., 546- Grlssey. Dr. E C. 272; 
Guignard. M., 118. 

Hall. Albert. 126; Hance Bros. & White, 
163. 247; Hanson. W. T.. 504: Harding, 
H. B.. 397; Harkavy. Dr. Samuel. 371: 
Harrlty. Joseph E., 712; Hart, Arthur.. 
407; Hartman, S. B.. 535; Hassebrock. H. 
F.. 6S»: Haverhill Drug & Chemical Co.. 
482. .505: Hawes, Gilbert Ray. 209: Heath 
& Milligan Co., 131: Heinemann. Arthur 
J.. 208; Heller, Charles T.. 466: Herbera- 
Rheuma Co., 711; Hereth, F. S., 436: 
Hewlett. Charles J.. 368; Hipson. John. 
710: Hires. Charles E.. 574; Hitchcock. 
G. H.. 540; Hoagland. Ralph P.. 626; 
Hoeike, Henry, 631; Hoelke. Hermann E., 
634; Hoke, Richard, 598; Hollis, Francis, 
294. 410; Holtin Chemical Co.. 96. 182; 
Hood & Co.. C. I.. 626; Horn Drug & 
Chemical Co.. Ix>uls C. 714: Hot Springs. 
Pharmacal Co.. 518: Houchens. John T.. 
402: House. J. L., 127: Houston Drug Co. 
408: Howard. Mrs. Carrie E. 677: Hoxle- 
Chemical Co.. .350; Hoykendorf. Peter. 320; 
Hubbard. F. E.. 100: Hudson. P. B.. 207. 
638. 668; Humphreys" Homeopathic Medi- 
cine Co.. 122; Hunter. Harry C. 19: Hy- 
Jen Chemical Co.. 427. 

Illinois Drug Co.. 432: India Alkali 
Works. 660: International Drug Co.. 683; 
International Drug & Agency Co.. 427; 
Iron City Drug & Chemicai Co., 61, 82. 

Jacobs, Joseph, 576: Jacobs Pharmacy 
Co., 489; James. F. K.. 397: James. W. 
F.. 179; James Pharmacy. The 123. 153,. 
179, 610; Jaynes Drug Co., 373: Jimlnez, 
Lino J.. 087 ; Johnson Laboratories, 153;. 
Johnson. William, 45; Jones Chemical Co.,, 
Enos F., 28; Jones, C. S., 54; Julllardl 
M., 520. 

Kaerwar. Mrs. Jacob A.. 187: Kahn. Dr 
.Joseph. 571; Kanawha Drug Co.. 662. 714; 
Keasbey & Matteson Co.. 377: Kempft. H. 
T., 6.59; Kiehl, John, 15: Kiessllng, Job™ 
C, 599; Klley, Daniel, 73; KIrby, W R. 
78: Kinesy, Oliver B., 269; Knickerbocker 
Drug Co., 711; Koch. Julius E.. 181, 382i 
Koch Lung Cure Co.. 572; Koehler Frank- 
lin. 427: Kreychle. J. L.. 189. 

Larabee. John. 73; Lawall. Edmund D' 
348; La Wall & Searles. 18. 72. 182:' 
348. 511; Lee. Frank E.. 830; Lee, J. 
ElU-ood. 513; Lee Co.. A.. 28. 156; Leh- 
man. Peter. 398; Lehn & Fink. 123. 182, 
347: Lewis. ' John K.. 716; Lightait 
Chemical Co.. ,575; Lilly & Co.. Ell , 162; 
Llttiefleld, E. P.. 432; Llovd. John Uri 
677; Loder. C. G. A.. 402; Longino & 



INDEX. 



VII 



PERSONALS. Etc., Continued. 

Gtxide, 164; Ixinqueat. John, 380: LKJrd. 
Owen & Co.. 105; Lowe, Clement B., 47i: 
Lvman-EUel Drug Co., 163. 

McClellan, Miss S. Louise, 398; Mc- 
Closkey. C. J.. 684; McCloskey. J^ H.. 
212- McDonald, John H., 598; McGown, 
George W., 156; McGregor, James W.. 
53; Mclntvre. Ewen, 510; McKesson, John, 
659' Madden. P. J.. 18; Mahem. John J., 
629; Mann, J. F, C. 300; Marchand. S. 
R 407- Marshall Dentifrice Co.. 398; 
Martini, Ira.. 710; Marwick Drug Co., 56; 
May Eugene, 716; May, Mrs. Gerard, 
133- Metcalf Miss Marj- E., 428, 455; 
Metropolitan Chemical Co., 16; Metten- 
heimer, William, 291; Meyer Bros. Drug 
Co 3^7; Meyer, Frank, .320; Michigan 
Drug Co. 17. 70; Miller, Charles E., 500; 
Miller, Andrew J.. 323; Minard's Liniment 
Manufacturing Co., 321; Misslldlne & Co.. 
A H 694; Morgenstern. Leo C, 265; 
Morrlsson, Plummer & Co., 160; Morse, 
Edwin T., 350; Morse. H. B., 661; Morse's 
Tellow Dock Syrup Co., 712; Mulr, 
A. E., 1.33; Munkley. James A., 626; 
Mutual Chemical Co., 182. 

National Guano Co.. 73; National Wltcli 
Hazel Co., 425; New York State Chemical 
Co . 683; Nlckells-Stone Chemical Co., 
301; Nlcolla Drug Co.. 154; Noble, W, W.. 
629; No Rub Manufacturing Co., 673. 

Oberdeener, Sam. 633; O' Grady, Patrick. 
682: Drear, Edwin G.. 161: Osborn- 
Colwell Co., 160: Osmun, Charles A., 
625; Ostcrman, Theodore. 510, 694, 668; 
Ozo Remedy Co., 628. 

Palestine Drug Co., 300; Parke, Davis 
& Co., 103, 162, 694: Pascalls, Angelln. 
688: Patln. Guy. 587: Peronneau. M.. 281; 
Petluck, Dr. Joseph. 128. 349: PetllnglU. 
Arthur A.. 99; PtelfEer Chemical Co., 
405: Physicians' Exchange, 82; Pierce 
Drug Co., 511; Planchon, M. Gustave, 
688: Polev Warren H., 713; Prescription 
Pharmacal Co.. 28: Preston. Charles H.. 
H., 19: Prlmo, M & J. E.. 601; Priori, 
Lorenzo 47, 98, 181; Provident Medical 
Co., 659; Purdon, W. N., 397, 

Raltano. Arthur E.. 181; Randolph Drug 
Co., 28; Reeder Remedies Co,, 60: Reeves, 
Sidney H. 688; RIcaud, Laurence H., 431; 
iRice Dr. Charles, 537. 565. 692, 623, 633, 
634; Rich, Dr. Frank R.. 52: Richardson. 
Prank A.. 125. 703; Richardson. Henry, 62; 
Riker, William H., 571; Riley, Irving, 
106; RIppetoe Drug Co., 458; Robblns 
Chemical Co., P., 684: Robblns-Paine 
Drug Co.. 321; Robinson, S. L., 544: 
Robinson. W. R.. 481; Rockey, Walter 
S.. 98, 481; Roemheld, Julius, 461: Rosen- 
thal Al. 16; Rouelle, H. M., 588: Royal 
Drug Co. 485; Rumsey, W. A., 429; 
Runkel Bros., 710: Rust & Richardson 
Drug Co., 400; Ryder, George W., 107. 

Sauer, Charles, 219: Sawyer Medicine 
Co., Dr. A. P., 462: Sawyer, W. F., 483; 
Saylxjldt. George, 74; Schaeffer, Emil A., 
662: Schulklnd, Isldor, 397; Schwarz, W. 
J. A. 265; Schwelnfurth. George E.. 318; 
Scruggs, D. Hal S., 490: Searle, G. D., 
436; Searle & Hereth Co., 436; Searlea, 
Arthur C, 18 72. 182. 240, 348, 511; 
Searles, Sarah W., 269; Sedatine Chemical 
Co., 402: Seem. Dr. Herbert M., 240: 
Shay, Thomas E., 493: Sherwood. T. H.. 
373; Shlmer, Miles H.. 51; Shorndorfer 
Co.. 407; Shuster. Robert C, 216; Smith, 
L' Ernest Stanley. 684: Smith, George A., 

K 26; Smith, Henry B., 682: Smith, Kline 

r & French Co., 627: Smith, L. R., 519; 

Smith. Owen C. 714: South Atlantic 
Chemical Co.. 246; Southern Phar- 
macal & Chemical Co., 459; Specht. Otto 
H.. .381: Spllker. H. F. A.. 434; Squibb & 
Sons. E. "R., 659; Staehle, L. L.. 711: Staf- 
ford Hydraulic Co., 21; Stahl, C. F., 241; 
State Medical Co., 398; Stearns & Co.. 
Frederick. 464; Stephens, Charles M., 
162; Sterling Remedy Co., 78: Stiles, H. 
L.. 564; St. Louis Granule Co.. 161; 
Stoddart. Thomas. 661: Straw. John I.. 
533; Sultan. Edward, 694; Sutton Bros.. 
632; Sutton, E. S.. 459: Sweeney, John P.. 
462; Swift Pharmacy Co., 18. 

Talbot Drug & Supply Co., 696; Tarrant 
& Co., 16, 46, 68, 69. 127; Taylor, Robert 
W., 108. 354; Thomas & Porterfleld. 61; 
Thompson. John, 66; Tobey, Nathan P., 
293; Tobln, Edward, 17: Trlenens. Joseph, 
705: Trltterman, Dr. Frank. 218: Truet. 
Charles H., 511; Tuebet, F. J., 405; 
Turner Medicine Co.. 428. 595. 

Underhlll. Wlliam H., 213, atl : United 
Alkali Co.. 421; United States Physicians' 
Association, 681. 

Valbonne Co.. 97; Van Duzer Pharmacy, 
Wlliam A., 481: Van Riper & Co., 269: 
Van Vleet-Mansfield Drug Co.. 248: 
Vienna Drug Co.. 56: Vincent. Wlllljun, 
511: Vis Vitene Medical Co., 265. 658: 
Vogeler Co.. Charles A ..56. 217; Von 



PERSONALS, Etc.. Concluded. 
Hermann. Carl, 675. 

Waldron, Ixiuls K., 663; Walker-Rintels 
Co.. 375; Wall. Frank J.. 187; Wandell, 
L. S., 453; Ward, Andrew H., 164: Ward 
Drug Co. 319, 594; Warner Medical Co.. 
458; Warner Medical Works, 660; Warner, 
William R . 400, 430: Warner, William 
R., Jr., 4S4; Warner & Co.. Wlliam R., 
355; Wayt. J. Howard, 213; Weicker, 
Theodore 127; Wellborn, C. E., 179: 
Wenzell John, 349; Wetherell, Monson 
L., 164; 'Wheeler, Rufus H., 675; Whltall. 
Tatum Co., 240; Whitlock, Claude E., 
598; Wilbur. •'Dr." H. D., 265; Wilder, 
Hans M., 130: Wllhlte, Frank T., 164; 
Williar Co.. Charles E., 21; Wilson & 
Thompson. 52: Wise Drug Co., 711; Wood- 
ward & Co.. C. E.. 156. 
Yieser & Sons. 52. 
Zlnk, Edward. 47. 
Petrolatum. Oxygenated, 533. 
Petroleum Products, Inflammability, 147. 
Petrox, 5.33. 

Pharmacal vs. Pharmaceutical, 344. 
Pharmaceutical Profession, Toast, 31. 

Writers Needed. 443. 
Pharmacist. Military, New York. 154, 181, 209. 
237, 320, 396, 424. 652. 
Retail Some Things Which Contribute to 
Success. 386. 
Pharmacists. Naval. 503. 
Pharmacopoeia. British, Indian and Colonial 

Addendum. 32. 
PHARMACY.-147, 176, 206, 313, 365. 391, 419, 
477, 502, 533, 562, 691, 649. 
Business Principles, 554. 
Commercial vs. Scientific, 583. 
Diplomas Not T^^cognized In New York, 370. 
Early Days, 334. 586. 
Economic. 472. 
French. Retrospect. 117. 
Influences. 444. 
Practical Politics. 88. 
Practice as a Profession. 702. 
Phenacetin. 674. 

Decision in Maurer Case, 524. 
Phenyo-Caffein Co.'s Plan, 442. 
Phosphorus Changed Into Arsenic and Anti 
mony. 366. 
Electrolytic Preparation, 176. 
Photographic Paper, Transparent, 343. 
Physician, Chinese, 312. 

Duties, Professional and Legal, 158. 
Physic Nuts. 14. 
Pills, Alterative. 450. 

Blood and Nerve 149. 
Cough. 176. 
Eosote 176. 
Kidney, 149. 
Pine Needles Industry. Oregon, 638. 
Plnkroot and Senna, 450. 
Pipette. Device, 474. 

Plasters. Medicinal, Subject to Tax, 83. 
Poison Ivy, 672. 
Poison Law. Illinois. 43. 

New York State, 42. 
Mechanical. 370. 
Sale to Minors, 634. 
Poisoning, Plant. Antidotes, 499. 
Poisons, Deaths, England and Wales 534. 
Polish, Nail, 231. 
Shoe 41, 708. 
Pomade, Stick, 370. 
Portraits. See Personals. 
Potassium Chlorate as Explosive, 45. 
Explosion. 201. 
Matches, 112. 
Poultry Powders, 394. 
Powder. Disinfecting. 420. 
Dusting. Perfume. 316. 
Infant. Hufeland's. 285. 
Papers. Waxed 66. 
Stomachic. 62. 
Powders. Seldlltz. Origin. 363. 
Practical Points for Practical Druggists, 257. 
Prescription Books. Old. .320. 

PRESCRIPTION DIFFICULTIES, INCOM- 
PATIBILITIES. ETC.— Acid. Carbolic and 
Iodine, 316: Acid, Salicylic, Solubility. 
422; Balsam of Tolu and Lanollne, 535; 
Bismuth Oxide and Oleic Acid. 311; Bis- 
muth Subnitrate and Hypophosphltes. 204; 
Codeine and Cherry Laurel Water. 120: 
Ether and Oil of Turpentine, 120; Fowler's 
Solution and Compound Tincture of Cin- 
chona, 120; Hoffmann's .\nodyne and Ex- 
tract Nux Vomica, 120: Mercuric Chloride, 
Solubility, 177; Salol and Camphor, 478; 
Spirit Ammonia. Aromatic, Tincture Lo- 
belia and Compound Spirit Lavender, 94: 
Spirit Nitrous Ether and Tannin. 94: 
Tincture Convallarla Majalls and Ethereal 
Tincture of Valerian, 120. 



Prices, Maintenance, 62. 

ProfltB. Fair. 84, 86. 

Procter Memorial, 654. 

Profits, How to Know, 38. 

Proprietary Rights In Pharmacy, Abuse, 8!W.. 

Proprietors on Tripartite Plan. 235. 

I'rune Juice. Manufacturers. 177. 

Pumice Stone, Source, 261, 

Puratylen, 120, 



Prescriptions, Checking, 706. 
Greatest Number, 102. 
Keeping Track of Refllls, 307, 
Preservaline, 709. 
Preservative. Wine. 315. 

Price Schedule. New York City. 40. 71. 95. 
125 162, 16S, 181. 235. 252. 263. 290. 320. 
479. 681. 



QUESTION BOX.— 14, 41, 94, 120, 149. 177, 204, 

2.13. 261. 285. 315. .343. 369. 393. 422. 4r*. 

478. 603, 535, 5&3, 590, 622, 660, 679, 707. 

Questions, Examination New York Board ot 

Pharmacy. 44S. 620. 
Quicksilver, Production. 92. 
Quinine Arsenate, 333. 
Disguising Taste, 369. 
Distribution, Italy, 56. 
Kxtraction. 644. 

Java. 420. 
First Manufacture In America, 45ft. 
From the Ground Up. 639. 
Lygosinate. 83. 
Sulphate, 497. 



Rabies. 392. 

Radal. 422 

Radium. 703. 

Rats. Extermination. 638. 

Razors. Sharpening. 176. 

Red Cross Injunction. 427. 

Registration, Apprentices. New York, 316. 

Rheumatism. Hog Cure. 171. 

Ringworm. Remedy, 422. 

Roach Exterminator, 119, 343. 

Powder. 285. 
Rogers. Montgomery, The Boy Who Knew 10 

All. 200. 
iRose Blossoms. Phenylethyl Alcohol. 33. 
Rouge. Boxes and Tablets, 370. 

Vegetal. 276. 
Rubber. Assay and Composition. 173. 

Origin and Sources, 172. 
Rules. Business. 531. 

Drug Store. 676. 
Rum and Quinine, 477. 

s 

Saccharin. Patents, 288. 

Salary, Drug Clerk's. How Increase, 501. 

Saliva. Alkaline, 338. 

Salt. Boxes, 315. 

Laxative Effervescent. 286. 
Salve. Carbolic, 368. 

Green, Unna's, 225. 
Samples. Distribution. Pennsylvania. 627. 
Sandalwood. Import Classification. 127. 
Santalol. 469. 
Sarsaparilla. smllax. 471. 

Scammony, Quantitative Determination. 649. 
Schools. Manufacturing Chemistr>-, 149. 
Scrap Book, How Make, 475. 
Scraps from a Druggist's Note Book. 618. 
Seasickness. "Metallic and Magnetic Spring,' 
621. 

Remedy. 262. 
Seed. Distribution. 36. 
Seller's Antiseptic Pastilles, 276. 
Separator. Crude. 700. 
Serum. Antl-pneumococcic, 470. 

Anti-tvphoid 288. 

Deadly 146. 

Yellow Fever. Find, 668. 
Shampoo. Egg. 66;l. 
Shaving Cream. 708. 
Sheep Dip. 287. 

Shellac. Bleached. Solvent. 460. 
Shoe Dressing. 708. 

Shop Notes and Dispensing Hints. i04. 
SHOP TALK. -65. 175. 202. 231. 260. 309. 341. 
390 417. 475. 503. 528. 500, 589, 617,. 
676.' 706. ' 
Shorter Hours. Illinois, 160. 

Michigan, 77. 

New York. Law, 372, 
Sieve, Wire Gauze, 475. 
Silver Amalgam, Ancient, 176. 
Sltogen. 86. 
Slag. Basic. 14. 
Slate Artificial. 634. 

Sleep Center, 592. „ , . 

Smallpox, Cowpox and Horsepox. Relationship, 

392. _^ 

Soap. Antiseptic, Liquid. 420. 

Ether, 206. 

Mouth, Medicated, 367. 

Ox-Gall. 14. 

Tooth. 393. 
Soda Fountain Formulas, 561. 

Water Legislation In Illinois. 486. 
Sodium Amalgam. 204 

BIsulphate, Water Purification, 392, 

Cacodylate, 40. 

Peroxide Properties, 206, 

Selenlte, 703. 



VIII 



INDEX. 



SoJIum Sulphate. Transition Temperature. 288. 

Tellurite, B49. 
Solution. Anesthetic. 118. 

Solutlona. Volumetric. Changes Necessitated 
by Adoption of New Atomic Weights. 582. 
Specialty. Marketing. 149. 
Species Diuretic. 2ti2. 

Laxative Pectoral. 2Z*5. 
Sponge Fisheries. Florida's. 91. 
Sponges, Sterilizing. 420. 
Spunk. 422. 

Stains. Aniline Black, Removing, 534. 
Gun Powder. 533. 
Picric Add. 553. 592. 
Stamp Tax. 57. 81. 109. 121. 129. 131. 167. 

180. 223. 239. 249. 251. :«3. 697. 
Stamps. Tax, Redemption. 333. 
Signs. Brass. 285. 
Staphylase. 85. 
Starch Paper. 419. 
Stock. Keeping. Country Druggist. 558. 

Taking. 38. 
Stoppers. Glass, to Prevent Sticking. 475. 
Straw. Dyeing. 563. 
Substitution Not Encouraged by Higher Prices, 

553. 
Success. Essentials. 279. 
Sucranlne. 580. 
Sugar. Dietetic Value. 638. 
Lyons. 580. 
Reducing. 612. 
Sulphonal. 674. 
Sunflower. 314. 
Suppositories. Molding. 65. 
Suppository, Irritating, 261. 
Suprarenal Gland, Blood-Pressure Raising 

Principle, 391. 
Sweet Grass Baskets. Manufacture. 591. 
Swindlers, Drug Trade. See Personals. 
Synthesis, Discovery. 557. 
Synthetic titemedles as Poisons. 673. 
Syphons. Carbonated Water, 419. 
Syrup Codeine. 370. 

ComjMjund. 370. 
Cough. 233. 

Cold and La Grippe. 286. 
Making and Marketing. 416. 
Ferrous Iodide, 60. 
Grippe-Cough, 366. 
Hypophosphites. Compound. 66, 177. 
Rock Candy, Glucose, Test, 261. 
Terpin, 176. 
Trifolium Compound, 650. 



Syrup Terba Santa, 66. 

Syrups, Soda, from Artificial Extracts, 286. 



Tableau Lights, 205. 
Tablets. Bluing. 287. 

Digestive. 370. 

Insolubility. 477. 

Lime Water. Manufacturer. 564. 
Tarrant Fire, 58, 69. 
Teeth, Whitening. 708. 
Tegment. 206. 
Telephone, Making Pay, 528. 

Proposition. Chicago. 53. 
Tetra Methyl-Cyano-Pyrldine. 557, 592. 
Thermometer. 145. 

Clinical. Sterilizing. 477. 
Throat Spray. 393. 
Tincture Gentian Compound. Percolation, 204. 

Opium Assay. 94. 
Tinctures. Green vs. Dry, 143. 
Tobacco, Alkaloids, 420. 
Tomatoes. Caned. Colored. 176. 
Tonic. Nerve. 178. 
Tooth Powder. Cherry, 393. 
Suggestions, 338. 

Soap, 393. 

Wash, Myrrh, 385. 
Toothache Drops, 253. 

Wax, 366. 
Trade Village, 619. 
Trademarks. Registration. 204. 

Use. 316, 503. 
Transparency for Heat and Actinic Rays, 171 
Trional", 657. 

u 

Ulmus, Powdered, Adulterations. 700. 



Vaccine and Vaccination, 678. 
Vanilla Curing. 114. 
Vanillin. 536. 

Sugar. 234. 
Varnish. Shellac. 450. 
Vasoliments. 314. 
Veterinary Diagnosis. 364. 

Remedies in the Drug Store. 308. 

Science, Beginning, 393. 



Vichy. Use of W^ord. 425. 
Violet Boquet, 174. 
Viscose. 228. 



w 



Wagon Grease. 262. 

Walking Sticks as a Side Line, 256. 

Water. Carbonated. Syphons. 419. 

Iron, Removing, 477. 
Waterproofing Fabrics. 308. 
Wax. White. 497. 
Weed Exterminators, 536. 
Whiskey. Malt. Dutty's, 94. 
White Lilac. 174. 

Rose. 174. „ 

Window Displays fSee also Advertising. Retail 
Druggists). 48. 315. 319, 322, 326, 341. 
484, 684, 589, 617. 
Windows. Care and Dressing. 472. 
Wine. Artificial. 679. 

Blackberry, 7fr7. 

Cinchona, Ferrated, 94. 

Cod Liver Oil. 504. 

Colchicum. 590. 

Methyl Alcohol, 471. 

Preservative. 315. 

Production. France. 533. 

Quinine. Phosphated. 366. 

What Is It?— 170. 
Wines, Imports. 288. 
Witch Hazel Trust. 425. 
Worcester Plan. 442, 625. 
Worm Tea. 450. 



Xanthum Strumarium, 421. 

XInol. 420. 

X-Rays Injury. 148. 

Without Electricity. 592. 



Yohlmbin. 634. 
Yucca, 147. 



Zero, Absolute, 197. 

Zinc Oxide. Commercial V3. OfBcial. 204. 



The Pharmaceutical Era. 



EVERY THURSDAY. 



VOL. XXV. 



NEW YORK, JANUARY 3, 1901. 



No. L 



Entered at the yew York Pos t Office as Second Class Matter. 
ESTABLISHED 1SS7. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 

Published Every Thursday, at 396 Broadway. New York, 
BY D. O. HAYXES & CO. 



SIIISCRIPTIOX RATES: 

U. S.. Canada and Mexico $3.00 per annum 

Foreign Countries in Postal Union 4.00 per annum 



ERA "BLrE BOOK."— These Price List editions ot the 
Era. issued in January and July, will be sent fr«€ to 
all regular yearly subscribers. 



ADVERTISING RATES OX APPLICATION. 



ADDRESS. The Pharmaceutical Era, 



Telephone: 2240 Franklin. 

Cable Address: "ERA"— New York. 



SEW YORK. 



SEE L,.\ST READING PAGE FOR COMPLETE 
IXDE^ TO THIS NUMBER. 

Subscribers are strongly advised to save the 
Weeklv Change Sheets, which are printed sep- 
arately especially for their convenience. To 
those who so desire we can supply for this pur- 
pose a very convenient Clip File at 50 cents e.ch, 
postpaid. 

OUR WEEKLY CHANGE SHEETS. 

These Sheets iiromise to he a valuable feature 
of the Kra Service, and in printing- them upon 
colored paper and senilin^ them out loose, Tve are 
snre that vre serve the convenience of our sub- 
scribers. A ne^v feature like this requires some 
time to perfect, but ^vith each successive year wc 
can nialie these Sheets more complete. 

The Chansres in Manufacturers* Lists is one of 
the most valunble features of these Change Sheets, 
The retailer is entitled to this information, he 
should have it promptly, and not, as now, be com- 
pelle<I to ;?et it in a roundabout n~ny throng'h slips 
sent to the jobbers. The expense is too great to 
expect a manufacturer to mail a notice of each 
Chans:e in his list direct to each retailer, and in 
supplying a medium for notifying: the trade of 
these Prise List Clians-es. ive certainly feel that 
Tve are offering- something «*hieh the retailers 
^vill be glad to have and the manufacturers 
anxion»« to employ if they wish to accommodate 
their retail cnstomers. 

Our snbseribers can assist us in the introduc- 
tion of tliis feature if they Tvill request the niano- 
faoturers. ^vhose goods they handle, to print their 
Changes in these Sheets. Such houses as Parlce, 
Davis A- Co., E. R. Squibb & Sons, Frederick Stearns 
A Co., \elson, Daker & Co., Searle & Hereth, Bauer 
& Black and several others have already notified 
us that they ivill print their Price List Changes in 
these Sheets each ■*veek as they occur. All the 
manufacturers tvHI donbtless lake similar action 
so soon as they apiireciate ivliat a convenience 
It \vill be to their retail customers, and i>articu- 
larly if the retailers will indi<^ate tha.t they Trant 
these Changes in this form. 



THE ERA AND ITS COMPLETE SER- 
VICE. 

We beg the indulgence of our subscribers 
while we deal in a little plain talk — in a little 
talk about ourselves. It is said tliat the human 
system changes completely every seven years. 
The Era has just passed its fourteenth year, a 
double change, as it were, and it proposes to 
start the new century with a renewed lease of 
life, and with all the ambition, pluck, energy and 
good resolutions that one could expect from a 
thrifty fourteen-year-old who has been success- 
ful and aims for greater success. 

You are probably well acquainted with this 
fourteen-year-old. The Era has had the same 
father and the same godfather ever since it started 
on its career for fame. It differs in this respect 
from some other drug publications. From its 
earliest c'.iildhood the Era was an ambitious 
}oungster — nervous, restless, always on the 
move, always striving to get ahead of the other 
fellow, and as it was blessed with good health 
and a sturdy constitution, it soon began to make 
a record for itself. 

As one compares the drug journals of 1886 
with those of to-day he finds many radical 
changes, and the Era is probably entitled to the 
credit for introducing as many of these new 
features as any drug journal. It has often set 
the pace for its older and well meaning com- 
petitors. We don't speak of this because we 
want to swell the young man's head, but facts 
are facts, and in order to keep our New Year's 
resolution we must tell the truth. One thing 
sure, the Era has been active, and has always 
made progress, but of the value of these new 
features and this progress we must leave its 
readers to decide. 

Undoubtedly it has made mistakes, but 
we can assert, with an intimate know- 
ledge of the circumstances, that it has 
always tried to do its duty as it found it and to 
I'.onestly sen^e the interests it endeavors to rep- 
resent. Primarily, these interests are those of 
the retail druggfist (the "little fellow," as he is 
sometimes called), and it would feel that it had 
been untrue to its trust if it had not done its best 
to protect the interests of the retailer. But in 
directing and helping the retailer to make a 
greater success of his business the other branches 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



01 the trade — tiie jubbers and manufacturers — 
are proportionately benefited. 

This pohcy of the Era will be continued, and 
when its friends run across something in the 
paper tliat they don't exactly like, we beg of 
them to at least give the Era credit for the hon- 
esty of its convictions. 

If there is one thing more than another that 
the Era likes, it is to have an object in view. 
This going along aimlessly from month to month 
does not tit its nature. It likes to make pro- 
gress — to be always moving, as it were, and try- 
ing to improve itself. When it first started the 
Era was a monthly; a few years later it was is- 
sued twice a month, and six years ago it decided 
to call upon its subscribers every week. It 
reasoned to itself like this : Other countries 
have their weekly pharmaceutical journals; 
other leading lines of trade in this country have 
their weeklies ; ought not the druggists of the 
United States to liave a weekly? Consequently 
the Era became a weekly. 

Several years ago it got to thinking 
about price lists. \\'hile nosing around 
drug stores and watching druggists at their 
work it got an idea into its head that if the 
druggist had his price lists in more convenient 
form it would be a great saving of time. As a 
result of this it got out some price list editions, 
of which there have been several. The latest 
was that big Era Blue Book, issued in Januarv, 
1900. The idea of ha\-ing all the manufacturers' 
price lists in one book is ideal but not thoroughly 
practical in the present day. In a few years it 
may come to that, but the manufacturers with 
large lists object to it because the book cannot 
be placed in every drug store on account of the 
expense, and so long as they have to issue lists 
of their own they don't want to duplicate the 
expense by placing their lists in this book. 
Then. too. tliere are a few blue bloods who don't 
h'ke the idea of having their lists in with other 
fellows' lists, who are not so blue blooded. 
. _ As a result of this experience the Era will 
cling to this Blue Book, but it will be somewhat 
modified. The new edition soon to be issued 
will contain a very complete list of drugs and 
chemicals, also price lists of proprietary goods, 
enlarged and improved, and the price lists of 
many manufacturers, but particularly the smaller 
lists, especially those that are so small they are 
easily lost. The large pharmaceutical Hsts will 
be omitted. 

Another ambition of the Era is to organize a 
system to keep its subscribers promptly and 
systematically advised of the changes in manu- 
facturers' lists, new goods, new packages, dis- 
counts, terms, etc. There is no system at present 
for handling these changes. The expense pro- 
hibits a manufacturer from notifying the entire 
retail trade of every change in his h"st. He de- 
pends upon the jobbers to send out his slips to 
retailers, and in consequence it frequently hap- 
pens that the price charged to a druggist on his 
invoice does not agree with the pricethat he has 



for the goods and naturally lie kicks. He may 
kick the jobber, or he may kick the manufac- 
turer, or he may kick both. The Era wants to 
remove the necessity for these kicks. 

As a solution of this problem, beginning with 
this issue the Era will supply its subscribers 
each week with what it calls a Weekly Change 
Sheet. In these sheets it will endeavor to give 
this price list information, together with a com- 
prehensive and reliable market report and other 
information intended particularly for the drug 
buyer. These sheets will be on colored paper 
and sent out loose with the Era for the furtlier 
convenience of its subscribers. 

Beside the Era Blue Book, which in future 
will be issued in both January and July of each 
xear, and the Change Sheets, which will be sup- 
plied to subscribers each week, the Era will in- 
troduce a number of new features in its regular 
reading columns. Some of these will be of 
special importance, but the Era does not care to 
give the details of these plans away just yet. But 
as soon as the arrangements for these improve- 
ments are perfected they will be duly announced. 

In conclusion, and on behalf of the Era, we 
want to thank its old friends for the attention 
and liberal patronage they have extended to this 
publication in the past, and to express the hope 
that it may long live to champion the interests of 
the retail pharmacists and to merit their good 
wishes and patronage. 



THE PASSING OF THE OLD CENTURY.* 

The old man leans against the door with his 
hand against the knob, ready to go as almost a 
score of his predecessors had gone. He is mus- 
ing on the past — his past — the hundred years of 
his life — his efforts achieved, and those, mere 
skeletons for his successor to build upon, that 
have failed in whole or in part. 

\\'hen he was young he was a philosopher, 
a dreamer, and wrote books of "peace and good 
will" which all people read. His father had been 
a man of war, a soldier, who. though he loved 
and fought for his liberty — he was bound to do 
certain things which went sorely against him — 
only achieved his purpose in part. His father 
had WTought much, but he had bled agony, and 
the son, coming after, seeing the error of such 
means, resolved that reason was the best. The 
son woke in the minds of all peoples a desire to 
do not what was so much strong in muscle as 
strong in mind, a desire to go forward, not back- 
ward. He quelled civil wars for a time, but the 
martial spirit showed itself only occasionally ; and 
the peoples made from time to time new wars, 
though fewer than in the same space of time in 
the past. He caused men the travail of new 
ideas in all branches of learning, and they learned 
so fast and with such increase — as a snowball 
rolling down a hill grows larger and larger — 
that he was well pleased. He pointed to them a 
way to seek liberty, and they saw a young nation 

•Adapted from the German. 



January 3, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



which the last Century had liberated. That 
nation in the increase of years has grown big 
and wonderful to look and think upon ; it wears 
stripes to show the pains of its deliverance, and 
is crowned with stars to show the glory of its 
achievement. 

And, furthermore, the peoples read the 
thought which spurred them to build railroads, 
and steamships and telegraphs under the ocean 
and over the lands, all to serve the purpose of 
commerce which, he told them, was a great civil- 
izer and woukl be most like to bring "peace and 
good will on earth." He inspired great poets 
to sing about a perfect man called Arthur, whom 
he intended to be an object for all to emulate ; 
he taught the hands of great painters to draw 
pictures of home life that would put love of the 
fireside into the hearts of men ; he opened the 
eyes of musicians to comjiose songs that would 
aid the poets and the painters in their great 
purposes ; he put the feet of science upon the 
right path whence it had strayed, who in turn 
taught architects to build beautiful buildings 
such as were never before seen, and engineers 
to make speed and safety their purpose, and ■ 

Twelve o'clock is striking. The old man 
turns a parting look upon all his works, and, 
stepping aside, lets in a young man who bows 
to him with respect. 

"My son," says the old man, "I have done 
well, but do you perform greater deeds," and 
pointing toward one hundred shadowy figures 
that had settled into the room, went on, "these 
are the canvases upon which you must paint, 
the paper upon which you must write, the stone 
of which you must build, the years of which you 
nnist make something greater than I have." 
And the old man vanished. 

The voung man looked regretfully for an 
instant at the spot where last stood the old Cen- 
tury. Then straightening up his shoulders with 
a movement of resolution, he turned to the 
hundred years grouped about him ,and seizing 
a cup filled with the wine of inspiration, said : 

"Come, drink the clip that I hold up. 

The Century's gone away. 
Hi.*^ journey's far as any star, 

Then bon voyage, I say." 



SALE OF NARCOTICS IN ALABAMA. 

The Alal)ama Legislature has refused to 
pass a bill, introduced some time ago, restrict- 
ing the sale of cocaine, morphine, opium and 
other drugs of like character, to physicians' 
(irescriptions only. The reasons given in the 
news rejjorts for this action are rather peculiar. 
It was argued that the bill would be discrim- 
inating against the poor, inasmuch as physi- 
cians' prescriptions are sometimes expensive, 
and therefore it would be inexpedient to have 
such a law. The druggists of Alabama were 
opposed to the bill, ancl it was killed by the 
Home Committee on Public Health. If it is 
desirable that the poor (or the rich, either) 
should be at full liberty to purchase these drugs, 
ignorant of their potent nature and careless in 
their use, the first argument, of course, is sound. 
But for the life of us we cannot see how the 
poor would be abused by being protected against 
themselves and against unscrupulous dealers. 
The second statement is stranger still. Why 
should druggists oppose the bill? Surely if 
their motives are right and business actions 
honest and honorable, they ought to be the 
first to welcome legislation which would throw 
additional safeguards around the traffic in these 
powerful and soul-and-body destroying agents. 

AUSTRIA ADMITS WOMEN PHARMA- 
CISTS. 
There was recently published by the Board 
of Education (in Austria) a decree concerning, 
the granting of the M. D. degree to women, 
and whii:h decree embodied the recommenda- 
tions made by the Supreme Sanitary Board. 
Henceforth women will be eligible for the M. D. 
on the same conditions as men, and facilities 
will be given for them to study in the medical 
faculties of the Austrian Empire. Since then, a 
second decree throws the profession of phar- 
macy open to women. Here again the condi- 
tions for admission will be the same as for 
men. Naturally, however, in that land of limita- 
tion, the qualified lady pharmacist will not be 
allowed" to become the legal proprietor of a 
pharmacv without the consent of the Minister 
of the Interior. 



FORMATION OF THE CINCHONA ALKALOIDS.— J. 
P. Lotsy has carried on a series of observations for the 
purpose of determining the place of formation of the 
alkaloids in Cinchona succirubra and ledgeriana. He finds 
that the sieve-tubes and the food reserve tissue of the 
seeds contain no alkaloids; they appear in the cotyledons 
only after these organs become green. The meristematlc 
tissue is also free as long as it is in an active condition. 
On the other hand, the alkaloids are always found, at least 
at certain times, in the parenchymatous cell.s of the cor- 
tex, wood and leaves, whence, on the death of the cells, 
they can be absorbed into the cell walls. But otherwise 
the alkaloids are always in solution in the cell sap of the 
living cells; or, in older cells, of the secondary cortex, as 
' amorphous solid bodies stored up in the cell. After they 
form a combination with tannin, the raphid cells are 
always free from alkaloids. The largest duantity is con- 
tained in the cortex; the primary cortex, which possesses 
but few sieve tubes, containing more than the secondary 



cortex, which possesses many. The author's observation 
led him to the conclusion that the cinchona alkaloids are- 
formed in the leaves, whence they travel to the stem, and 
are there stored up, either in the original form or after 
transformation into some other alkaloid. They do not 
arise as products of decomposition of proteids. but by 
direct synthesis, as the results of the reaction of cin- 
chonic acid on ammonia or a compound of ammonia and 
subsequent condensation.— Bull. Tnst. Botanique Buiten- 
zors (Phar. Jour.). 



EPISTAXIS. 

n Alumnol 1 dram. 

-\quae destil., q. s. ad 2 ounces. 

jM. Sig. : Use as a spray to check the hemorrhage. 
Alumnol is obtained by a reaction between a barium 
compound and aluminum sulphate. It is a white powder, 
very soluble in water or glycerin. It is incompatible with 
alkaline solutions, the hydrate of alumina being pre- 
cipitated. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



OUR LETTER BOX. 



■\Ve wish It illstlnctly uiKlcmtood thnt tliis <le- 
I>iirtnient in open to cveryboily for tlie <lls- 
cnKMloii of mij- Huliject of Intere«t to the 
dniB trnilc, but that we uecept no responsi- 
bility for the vieivs nud opinions expressed 
by contrlbiitorj*. 

Please be brief nud oJivays sign yonr name. 



THE PENNSYLVANIA PROSECUTIONS. 

Philadelphia, Dec. Ii6, 11)00. 
To the Editor: To correct the wrong impression likely 
to be made by the Philadelphia letters to the Era In re- 
gard to the prosecutions by the State Examining' Board, 
and to give information to the uninformed throughout 
the State and country, let me in a condensed way state 
the facts. 

The original Pharmacy Act was passed in 1S87, and 
the State Examining Board has derived its revenue by 
a registration fee of one dollar per year from each regis- 
tered pharmacist and qualified assistant and one dollar 
from each applicant for examination, which is not re- 
turned in case of failure, but the applicant must pay 
again if he comes up for examination again. There axe 
about 3,000 pharmacists in Pennsylvania, and it is rea- 
sonable to put the clerks at 6,000, which would make a 
revenue of ?9,000; add to this, say, $1,000 for examina- 
tion fees, making a total of ?10,000 per year. 

In 1S95 the State Board had a supplement to this 
act passed, compelling the keeping of certificate and re- 
newal receipts in a conspicuous place in one's place of 
business; failing to do this the druggist was subject to a 
fine of ?10 and costs. Nothing was done towards enforc- 
ing this until this fall, when, it seems, the State Board 
thought the druggists were napping and the fruit ripe 
for plucking, and hirelings from Allegheny and an at- 
torney from Towanda were sent here by the State Board, 
with the result that a large number of retail druggists 
and clerks were summoned to appear before a magis- 
trate and be fined SIO and costs. 

Th first hearing took place October 29, when the 
magistrate's office was crowded by druggists, without 
union in action, each acting for himself, submitting to 
the unla'ft'ful act of being put on the witness stand first, 
testifying to the possession of certificate and renewal 
receipt before the prosecution had presented their case. 
The proceeding was thus until Hon. John M. Fow, a 
member of the State Legislature and a well-known at- 
torney, came in and immediately called a halt to such 
Illegal and unfair doings, protesting against continuing 
the cases, as there was nothing to show who the hire- 
lings were and by what authority they had a right to 
bring the prosecution, with the result of postponement 
for two weeks, or till November 11'. 

On November 2, at a meeting of the Retail Druggists' 
Association, it was made known that a committee had 
been to Harrisburg and conferred with two members of 
the State Board, entering a protect against their action, 
receiving the answer that a consultation of the full 
board would be held and their answer as to what conces- 
sions, if any, they would be willing to grant be sent to 
the Retail Druggists' Association. But to be consistent 
with their previous doings they were having these con- 
cessions published in the afternoon papers while the 
meeting was in progress, and for information to those 
who do not reside in Philadelphia we give them. 

To the Philadelphia Retail Druggists' Association- 
Gentlemen: The State Pharmaceutical Examining Board 
of Pennsylvania, by its attorney, respectfully submits 
the following proposition: 

First. The Board will insist upon the display of cer- 
tificates of registration, and vriU not discontinue prose- 
cutions for a non-compliance with this provision. 

Second. The Board will not discontinue cases brought 
for a violation of the Poison and Adulteration section. 



Third. In relation to the suits now pending before 
Magistrate Cunningham, the board will .isk that all 
cases be dismissed at the cost of the boinl In the fol- 
lowing Instances, namely— Where a druggist will state 
that he was not aware that it was neces-sary to display 
his renewal certificate; that he has honestly attempted 
to comply with the law, or that he has received no notice 
that it was necessary to so display his renewal certifi- 
cate, and the board will accept that druggist's own state- 
ment as to those facts and order suits discontinued with- 
out further evidence. 

Fourth. Where, however, the evidence shows that the 
vi:olatlon was wilful and malicious, with full knowledge 
and notice, the board will insist upon the fine being Im- 
posed, but innocent violators will be discharged. 

Fifth. That hereafter the present prosecutions and 
notoriety shall be deemed sufficient notice to druggists 
in this city to comply with the law, and subsequent viola- 
tions will not be excused. 

The attorney tor the board hereby agrees to meet a 
committee from your association and discuss any modifi- 
cations of the "foregoing proposition and endeavor to 
amicably adjust any differences. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

A. T. STEWART, 
Attorney for the State Pharmaceutical Examining 
Board. 

Philadelphia. November 2, 1900. 

By these concessions many escaped the penalty; at 
the hearing some cases were dismissed, some had fin© 
remitted and costs put on, and some fine and costs both 
remitted. 

At the second hearing affairs assumed a different as- 
pect. The druggists woke up and several had attorneys 
to represent them, and the prosecution did not have 
smooth sailing. Several appeals were taken from the 
magistrate's decision and will be determined in the 
higher courts. 

While it is granted that the act as it stands is law, 
we claim the right not only as druggists, but as citizens, 
to denounce it and test its constitutionality. 

Read and re-read the supplement under which these 
prosecutions were brought, you cannot discover one word 
that tends to show that it was intended for the protection 
of the public from incompetent druggists (which phar- 
macy laws are intended for), but confirms the fact it 
was and is intended only for getting more revenue for 
the State Board. Hence we have the spectacle of drug- 
gists who have conducted business for many years, re- 
spected by all the community as men of ability, men of 
integrity and respectability, dragged before a commit- 
ting magistrate there to be fined ?10 and costs, held up to 
the public as criminal violators of law. by the wiU and 
opinion of hirelings from a most distant part of the 
State, and for what? The mere failure to display in a 
conspicuous place a receipt for money paid to the State 
Board for renewal of registration. 

We claim such proceedings on the State Board's part 
are unwarranted and unnecessari'. But as not one of 
the members put in a personal appearance at the hear- 
ings, maybe they do not altogether endorse the action 
of their hirelings. There was a movement to get our 
Retail Drug Association to defend these unjust attacks 
and take a test case to the higher courts, but without 
avail. Individually all denounce the methods of prose- 
cution, but collectively they are afraid to act, thus losing 
a great chance to practically prove the advantage of 
association. We must learn from all this that retail 
druggists must arouse themselves and wake up and 
become practical, fight for their rights, leave theory for 
theoretical teachers, look after their interests, take an 
interest in pharmacy laws, see that only those are passed 
that are for the public's protection against incompetent 
druggists and not for persecuting tbose who are trying 
faithfully to do right and obtain a !i"\'mg. Learn from. 
experience, awake to the fact that pharmacy legislation 
must not be left to theoretical and interested people. 

If time and space in the Era permitted we could cite 
case after case of wrong and hardship in these prosecu- 
tions. The State Board, so it is said, defends itself by 
asserting that the reason the prosecutions were brought 
was to raise revenue to prosecute those who were con- 
ducting the retail drug business without a right. Ten 
thousand dollars a year not being enough, so they 
thought the retail druggist could stand plucking for what 
was needed, but it is not publicly known yet of any case 
being prosecuted of this character. 

If you could only see your way clear to send an Era 
reporter over here and get the %'iews of the more pro- 
gressive druggists in this matter you would be confer- 
ring a benefit and great favor upon the whole retail drug 
trade. Respectfully submitted, 

"JUSTICE." 



Januan 3, 1901. J 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



WHAT CAN BE DONE FOR THE DRUG CLERK? 



What can be done for the drug clerk? His lot is hard, 
whether in the crowded city or the country village. He 
works trom 7 a. m. to 10 p. m. seven days a week with an 
occasional Sunday or afternoon "oft." This is not an ex- 
aggeration— itisrather an understatement of the situation, 
for while here and there clerks may be found who do not 
work so many hours a day, these exceptions are more than 
offset by the greater number who work sixteen hours a 
day— without mentioning night calls which break up the 
little rest they have a chance to get. 

J^or this the pay he gets is in no way commensurate 
with the amount of work done and technical skill required. 
The conditions vary with different cities and with differ- 
ent times in the same city. But to strike a fair average 
the city clerk who gets $12 a week tinds that he is doing 
'better than most of his fellows, for while there are a few 
fortunate enough to get ?2 or $3 a week more, there are 
twice as many who get as much less. Suppose we take -$12 
as an average. It is not too low, taking the country over, 
from one end to the other. In the West and portions of 
the South better salaries are paid. In the districts of the 
North and East, where there are more stores and more 
clerks than are needed, $10 or even ?S is more nearly 
correct. 

What $12 a Week 'IVill Do. 

What does $12 a week mean to a young man of 
moderate tastes, and no extravagant habits, but compelled 
both by preference and the necessity of his position to 
make a good appearance? It means an existence— nothing 
more. Half of this amount at the very least will be re- 
quired for board and room; if $100 a year will keep him as 
well dressed as he should be he is both fortunate and 
economical; small but rapidly multiplying "incidentals," 
such as car fare, laundry bills and the hundred other little 
things, will have to be closely watched if they are to be 
kept within another $100. Here we have $10 of the $12 
accounted for, and that by the very conserv.itive estimates 
of expenses. But the drug clerk, like other average young 
men of good birth and family connection, has always 
known what it is to have a good home and a few, at least, 
of the little luxuries of life. So it is not improbable that 
he will occasionally go to the theatre on one of his rare 
evenings off duty. It is even conceivable that he may not 
go alone. It is also possible that he will spend a little 
money now and then for books and magazines, and. of 
course, drug journals. He may even want to have a little 
money to spend without accounting to himself scrup- 
ulously for every cent. If all these things together can be 
kept within the remaining $2 a weelc — as of course they 
must be— the drug clerk finishes up his year's work with 
no more money than when he began it and with the un- 
pleasant feeling that he must either economize rigidly in 
some way — but how?— or get a considerable "raise" In 
salary; otherwise that cherished hope of proprietorship 
must ever remain a hope. 

Tlie Physical Effect. 

Nor is this all. We have looked only at the pecuniary 
aspect of the case, but something else is to be considered. 
The incessant strain on body and mind for sixteen hours 
a day cannot but be injurious both to bodily and mental 
vigor. There must be sufBcient rest and recuperation, 
sufficient time for nature to rebuild the worn out tissues, 
or the constantly increasing loss will certainly be felt — 
perhaps too late. Every man has a maximum amount of 
work that he can do— to go beyond it is certain, and not 
always slow, destruction. You can stretch a piece of rub- 
ber to many times its length and when released it will fly 
back to its original size. But if you keep it under high 
tension for a few days or a week you find that it has lost 
' Its elasticity and will snap like a rotten cord when 
stretched again. No man who is burning the candle at 
both ends can do his best work, and an overworked drug 
clerk is not capable of giving the same service that he 
could under a proper regulation of his working and resting 
hours. 



The Effect on Pharmacy. 

Finally let us consider the ultimate effect on pharmacy 
itself. It does not require the searching mind and the 
merciless logic of a Herbert Spencer to point out that this 
effect must be ruinous. For years the ranks of the pro- 
prietors have been recruited largely from the clerks. To 
have a successful business of his own is even yet the 
ambition of nine clerks out of ten. But if by working 
twice as many hours a day as a common laborer the clerk 
can only make a living, and that not a luxurious one, 
where is his capital to come from? And consequently if 
pharmacy offers nothing to its overworked devotees but 
a bare existence, when other avenues of trade and other 
professions hold out excellent prospects of fame and 
fortune, or at least an adequate income, according to one's 
abilities, what is there in pharmacy to attract the bright, 
energetic, ambitious young man of to-day? Nothing: 
and as a matter of fact already there are mutterings of 
discontent all over the country, and on every hand we see 
many of the best men leaving their clerkships for the 
study of medicine, of law, of civil engineering, or else for 
positions "on the road." And unless there is a change, 
and a mighty one, the time will inevitably come when 
pharmacy will no longer receive its share of the brains 
born into the world, but will attract only men of 
mediocre intellect, incapable of making their way in 
competition with the brighter minds of other professions. 

This sounds pessimistic, yet we do not think It Is so. 
We have endeavored to give a fair statement of the con- 
ditions surrounding the average clerk in the city; while 
clerks in smaller towns may be better off in some re- 
spects, they are probably worse off in others. It can 
hardly be urged that our conclusions are illogical, for 
when $12 a week is all a young man can look forward to 
he is likely to try to find some other occupation that will 
pay him better, and there is no difficulty about that. 
lEarring the isolated cases of inherent love for special 
pursuits, the brains will go where the money is every 
time, and when pharmacy ceases to pay money for 
brains it will soon cease to get them. It is not an answer 
to this to pick out an exceptional clerk here and there 
who has been so fortunate as to get an exceptional em- 
ployer, able and willing to pay $25 a week for his services. 
We know there are such exceptions; but we know also 
that they are only exceptions and rare ones. 

■What la the Remedy? 

These conditions must be remedied. In order that we 
may search intelligently for a remedy we must know 
their cause, and that is complex in its nature. It is evi- 
dent that there is an over supply of clerks, for the law 
of supply and demand is the principal factor in deter- 
mining their wages. The constant increase in the number 
of clerks being much faster than the increase in the 
number of positions keeps the market glutted; it also 
hinders the effectiveness of such measures as may be 
attempted to correct other evils. Hence, one proposed 
remedy is to limit the number of clerks by requiring a 
college examination before admission to the State board 
examination. 

Another of the reforms insisted on by the drugs clerks 
is early closing. Their opponents in this are naturally the 
proprietors, although it has usually been found that the 
great majority, whenever properly approached on this 
question, are willing to go as far as possible In granting 
the clerks' request. In Detroit we are Informed that 
only about seven of nearly two hundred proprietors de- 
clined to make any concessions; the remainder showing 
a friendly interest In the movement, or at least no oppo- 
sition, and being willing to act In unison with the rest. 
Yet these seven, though not the largest dealers, were so 
distributed geographically as to neutralize all the efforts 
made. 

Diploma Requirement Inexpedient. 

Regarding the proposition to exclude from examin- 
ations all who have not enjoyed the advantage of a col- 
lege course in pharmacy, we feel that this meaiure, wkfle 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, lyoi. 



It may be theoretically proper. Is at present inexpedient. 
The constant advance in sclentilic pharmac.v will in time 
make college training imperative, and it is not amiss 
perhaps to begin a campaign of agitation to that end. 
Tet it Is not to be expected that results can be had imme- 
diately, and we are no: sure that Immediate results are 
desirable. It Is well not to get too far ahead of the 
people in anything that is likely to require their support. 
And a large proportion of them must be convinced of the 
necessity of college training for pharmacists before any 
legislative relief can be looked for. In this connection it 
would be well to remember that the argument most likely 
to be effective in creating sentiment for such a measure 
is that which imputes the necessity for it to the public 
good rather than to the clerks' need for protection 
against over competition. The public may not be greatly 
interested in the needs of the clerks, but it is sometimes 
given to affecting a lively interest in what it conceives to 
be its own welfare, 

Ekirly Clotilngr. 

But the solution of the early closing problem does not 
seem necessarily so remote. Here is something that 
can be arranged by common consent. It is purely local 
in its nature. It is something in which the wishes of the 
public need not be placed above the rights of the drug- 
gists themselves. And in reality the way to inaugurate 
this reform is simply to begin it. We believe that nine 
proprietors out of ten would welcome a more rational 
practice than the present one. Late hours are as in- 
jurious to them as to the clerks, for it is by no means 
uncommon to see the proprietor on hand at the closing 
hour. The reason drug stores are kept open longer than 
other stores is to pick up a little extra trade. In these 
days of sharp competition and reduced profits, every 
druggist feels it necessary to utilize every opportunity of 
trade getting. The fact that others do the same thing 
seems to emphasize his necessity of keeping it up. And 
yet there appears to us no reason why all should not 
agree to close at an earlier hour. In this way no one 
would get an advantage of another, and all, including 
clerks, would get their much needed rest. 

Not that we believe this reform could be inaugurated 
all at once. It would be necessary to begin in a con- 
sers-ative way, say by closing an hour before the regular 
tame. After a few months it would perhaps be possible 
to deduct another hour, and so on, until a sensible hour 
is reached, say seven or eight o'clock. Of course this 
proposition will at first be sharply antagonized by many 
proprietors. They have been used to late closing so long 
that they have grown to regard it as a vital necessity, 
whereas it is nothing of the sort, but is one of the many 
abuses chargeable to the impositions of an exacting pub- 
lic, and is akin to the postage stamp, telephone and 
directory evils. 

That early closing will mean a loss of trade is not to 
be disputed, but that the loss will be serious in extent 
is quite open to question. Most of the things people buy 
in drug stores at late hours they could buy as well the 
following day, or earlier. This does not Include emergency 
calls, nor goods for immediate consumption, such as 
cigars, soda water, candies, etc. As for emergencies, 
which are not of such frequent occurrence as the public 
generally supposes, there appears to us no reason why it 
may not be just as feasible to go to the druggist's home 
to secure his services, as in the same case it has been 
necessary to go to the physician's home because it is 



after his office hours. There is no more sense in de- 
manding that a druggist shall be on duty at his store 
every hour in the day than in demanding the same thing 
of a physician at his ofllce. 

The question thus resolves itself into the simple one 
of whether i few cents' profit from selling a limited 
number of cigars, and small amounts of chewing gum and 
conlectionery, is sufficient to pay for the expense of light 
and fuel during that time; and if so is it enough to pay 
for the injury to the health and welfare of those who 
must stay and give their time to it? Would not, on the 
other hand, the improved service that the clerks would 
be capable of giving after proper rest and relaxation 
more than compensate for the loss of a class of trade 
which is not at any time particularly profitable? 

The Clerli .MuKt Do It. 

The thing for the drug clerk to do first of all to better 
his condition is to bring about early closing. He is the 
one that is vitally interested and he must work out his 
own salvation because there is no one to do it for him. 
In union there is strength, and by securing the co-oper- 
ation of his fellow clerks much can be accomplished. A 
clerks' association does not imply coercion of the pro- 
prietors any more than organization of the proprietors 
implies the existence of a trust. We believe the large 
majority of proprietors would look with favor on such 
clerks' associations as the one in Detroit, for example, 
which has among its members the leading drug clerks of 
the city. It aims to improve the standard of service, 
while trying to better its members' condition; it pro- 
motes good feeling among clerks, and indirectly among 
proprietors. It is a powerful agent for good in numerous 
ways. In such associations Is the hope of the drug clerk 
to-day. 

■^Tiat can be done for the drug clerk? Organize, 
organize, organize! Alreadj- are the clerks of two States 
effecting a strong organization. Illinois is leading oft 
with an association that seems prosperous. It publishes 
a creditable organ, styled the Drug Clerks' Journal, and 
maintains club rooms in Chicago. The Michigan associ- 
ation, which as yet has its greatest strength in Detroit, 
is afflliated with the one in Illinois, has regular meetings, 
wiilch are well attended, although necessarily held at the 
somewhat unearthly hour of 11 or 12 o'clock at night. 
The registered clerks of every city and county should be 
similarly organized. To be sure it will require an effort, 
but nothing worth doing was ever yet done without an 
effort. 

Finally, no one who has the interests of pharmacy at 
heart, be he proprietor or clerk, should try to ignore the 
fact that a serious state of affairs exists and each day 
tends to its aggravation. There may be those who will 
think us pessimistic, but one thing is sure, such pessimism 
is powerless for harm. On the other hand, w^hat they may 
take for optimism by looking at the isolated exceptions 
to the general statements we have made, may not be any- 
thing but an indolent unwillingness to meet the issue 
squarely. No problem was ever yet solved by evading it, 
and no one has yet arisen to commend the wisdom of the 
ostrich in seeking to escape dangers by hiding its head in 
the sand: the ostridh is a fine optimist. The braver and 
more manly policy is to look fearlessly at these questions 
to see whether or not they threaten evil. And that is what 
we ask of druggists and clerks in response to our ques- 
tion. Wihat can be done for the drug clerk?— (New Idea.) 



.ESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM FOR HEMORR- 
HOIDS, 

1} Fluid extract of Esculus hippocasta- 

num 1 ounce. 

Chloroform 1 drachm. 

M. 

Morning and evening at mealtimes, ten to fifteen drops 
of this mixture are to be taken in a glass of wine or a little 
sweetened water; or this: 

R Fluid extract of .aisculus hippocas- 

tanum 6 drachms. 

Fluid extract of hamamelLs 2y> drachms. 

Oil of peppermint 2 " drops. 

M. 

Morning and evening at meal times, fifteen drops of 
this mixture may be taken in wine or sweetened water. 



THE THERAPEUTIC USE OF SALICYLATE 
D'AMTLE (ETHER AMTL-SALICTLIQUE OR AMTL- 
ENOL). — M. E. Lyonnet states that this new product is 
obtained by the action of chlorine on a saturated solution 
of salicylic acid in amylic alcohol. It has hitherto been 
empl03"ed without any inconvenience whether administered 
externally or internally. Its penetration through the skin 
Is very easily accomplished, as analysis of the urine 
shows. In different maladies attended by acute or sub. 
acute rheumatism it has had excellent results. Its odor 
is less marked than that of methyl salicylate, and it seems 
to enjoy an advantage in a good number of cases over this 
latter drug. It has, besides its antirheumatic properties, 
the sedative properties of amylic derivatives. — (Lyon 
Medical.) 



January 3, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



BUSINESS MORALITY.* 



By John R. Ainsley. 



I have taken for my text, "Business Morality," a 
subject that appeals forcibly and seriously to every dis- 
penser of credit, the quality of which forms an indis- 
pensable portion of every application tor credit, and 
must be carefully considered in connection with capital 
and ability. 

Morality is the practice of the moral and social duties, 
and conformity to the standard of rectitude, honor, char- 
acter and integrity. 

The laws of the land, originating in the wisdom of 
man, and brought into operation by business and social 
requirements, are designed to regulate human authority 
and conduct. Human laws are full of imperfections, 
necessitating almost constant revision, according to the 
times and influences; but moral laws are of higher origin 
and greater force, and in order to determine whether 
an action which we are about to do is right or wrong 
In view of morality, we should inquire of our reason 
or conscience. 

"Webster defines a contract as an agreement between 
two or more persons, whereby, for a sufficient cause or 
consideration, each undertakes to perform, or to abstain 
from performing, some particular act. In other words, 
they promise to, and expect from, each other, something 
in the accomplishment of which their contract or ar- 
rangement will be fulfilled. 

In business customs, this promise or agreement to 
exchange one value for another and to transact an honor- 
able business is practically expected, and should be so 
understood and practiced by every firm and individual, 
whether buyer or seller, interested and engaged in the 
handling of merchandise, or in any business or profession. 
A merchant purchasing goods expects them to be free 
from imperfections, perfect in finish, and correct as to 
size, weight or measure. The seller knows he expects 
this. He, therefore, is in honor bound, by recognized 
business principles, to furnish perfect goods, or to make 
known their defects. If he conceals the fact and does 
not explain that these conditions do not exist, but allows 
the customer to depart with a false Impression, t/hen 
he has morally neglected to consummate his part of the 
contract, and deserves the condemnation and contempt 
of every honorable business man. 

Some buyers find it difficult to resist the temptation 
to depreciate the value of the goods they desire to 
purchase, sometimes affirming that other merchants make 
lower prices, that tlhe market is overstocked, and unless 
Mr. A. does as well by them as Mr. B., they will transfer 
their trade to the latter; while others profter increased 
trade, provided they are taken care of in the way of 
bribes, presents, division of commissions and other unfair 
and unreasonable conditions. Often, after goods have 
been delivered, claims are made that prices are incorrect, 
the buyer, in many instances, succeeding in owning his 
purchase a little less, owing to the fear of the merdhant 
selling the goods, that expenses. larger than the amount 
claimed, w^ould be incurred by having the goods returned. 
An example of this nature occurred a short time ago, in 
which one of my own salesmen figured. He sold a certain 
quilt at ''Vz cents. After receiving the goods and in- 
voice, the customer claimed that the price Should be 
72V2 cents, or goods would be held subject to our dis- 
position. The correspondence was sent to the salesman, 
with a request to explain. The reply was received 
promptly that there was nothing to explain; the quilts 
were invoiced exactly as ordered, and party held copy of 
order. He reached the town in due time, and was 
greeted with the remark, "Oh. you are the man who 
Sold me those quilts. I can buy the same thing at 75 
certts, and you made a special price to induce me to 
buy." The salesman replied that there was no other 
quilt in the market like it, and requested to see the copy 

•An address delivered at the Fifth National Conven- 
tion of the National Association of Credit Men, at Mil- 
waukee, Wis., June 12, 190O. 



of order (which had apparently been forgotten by the 
merchant), and after a short seardh it was produced. 
Much to the disgust of the trader, he found all the 
evidence against him, and no doubt thoroughly realized 
the effect of the old saying, that "figures will not lie, 
but liars will ligure." Endeavoring to crawl out of his 
dilemma, he expressed his willingness to keep the goods; 
but imagine 'his astonishment on learning that, acting on 
his proviso that "unless claim was allowed, goods were 
subject to our order," the salesman had taken the "bull 
by the horns," and had already sold them to one of his 
competitors, who held an order for their transfer; and, 
to add to his discomfiture, he was informed that the 
price ihad advanced to 90 cents. Picture, if you please, 
the contemptible position which this man, through false 
representation and fraud, had created for himself. And 
"there are others." 

Your milkman supplies you with a fluid that may 
have an intimate acquaintance with the contents of "the 
old oaken bucket;" you are safe in imagining that the 
top layer of fruit is a snare and a delusion; your pro- 
vision bill is elastic according to the conscience of your 
butcher; and petty deceits are so common that, like 
cone-bottomed bottles, public opinion recognizes and ac- 
cepts these conditions as normal. 

A case was reported of a man having a contract to 
wind a large quantity of silk for a house that furnished 
the spools, which were all thicker than marked, and, 
consequently, lessened the quantity of silk wound upon 
them. Ribbons, althougth marked as containing ten yards 
to the piece, ran short, but our laws now regulate the 
yardage on these goods, and the trade is certain of 
receiving full measure. 

A large tea-importing house was charged with selling 
teas so adulterated as scarcely to be recognized as teas, 
yet sold under standard names. The defense was that 
the universal custom allowed the adulteration, and the 
trade understood it. 

"The mother of a family sihowed the ticket collector 
on the railway a couple of half-fare tickets for her two 
children. The official, after looking at her doubtfully, 
said, *How old are they?' "They are only six, and they 
are twins.' 'Ah!' Then, after a few moments' pause, 
the man inquired, 'And where were they born?' 'This 
one was born in London and the other in Brighton." " 

The temptation to shady transactions of every kind 
is far too prevalent, and the records of every nation 
illustrate the truth that no position, trade or profession 
Is proof against the influence of temptation. Incompetent 
buyers are more than willing to palm off an inferior 
article for a better; adulterations, short measures, de- 
ceitful weights, false balances and similar practices are 
undoubted evidences of the unscrupulous rapacity and 
avaricious greediness for wealth. A statement was made 
by a party whose veracity is unquestioned that, just 
previous to the annual visit of the sealer of weights 
and measures, a flrm. doing a large business in one of 
our large cities, would conceal tlhe weights used in the 
regular course of trade, and produce for his Inspection 
those which were correct, as required by the law. 

And this recalls a story of an old colored man, who 
kept a grocery store in Virginia. A party of tourists, 
waiting for tlie train, dropped into his store to have a 
chat with him, as well as to pass away the time. Busi- 
ness seemed to be quite brisk with him, and they noticed 
that sugar and tea were most in demand. During a 
lull between sales one of the party approached the bat- 
tered old scales on which everything was weighed, and 
was attracted by the peculiar appearance of the weights, 
which he proceeded to examine. The hollow in each one 
had been filled with lead, and after convincing himself 
that the pound weight would balance at least twenty 
ounces, he said to the old storekeeper, "I see you have 
filled your weights with lead." "Tes, sah; yes, sah!" 
he replied, rubbing his hands together. "What was the 



8 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



Idea?" "To keep the dirt out of de Iholes, sah. Can't 
no dirt git In dar now!" "Was It your own Idea?" "No, 
sah. I nebber should ev got dat Idea If It hadn't been 
for Deacon Williams. De Deacon said It was de way 
dey did down In Greenville, and he fixed 'em up for me 
without cost." "The Deacon buys all his groceries here, 
doesn't he?" "'He does, sah. He buys 'em all yere, and 
he was telling me only dls mawnlng dat he nebber did see 
de beat o' how dcm groceries held out." He was advised 
to take his weights over to Wie cotton warehouse and 
have them weighed. 'Very much puzzled, he acted on 
the suggestion, and proceeded slowly to the warehouse. 
When he returned it was on the run. and as he reached 
the store, he exclaimed excitedly, "No wonder I "have 
gone into bankruptcy to'teen times, and had to sell my 
mewls and hogs, and make de old woman go barefut! 
Dat air pound weight weighs twenty-two ounces, and 
ebery time Deacon Williams has bought two pounds of 
shugar and tea, he has tooken away tree pounds and a 
half. Shoo! but I'ze gwine to close de doah and put 
up de sign of "Busted agin!' " 

The elementary principles of truth, honesty and Justice 
are applicable to trade as to other professions. Every 
sphere of life develops, of necessity, a special morality. 
It is needful everywhere, and especially in the realm of 
business, where selfish interests and the greed of gain 
overshadow the dictates of conscience. Cicero maintained 
that no one could be a merchant and pretend to be 
honest. In his method of reasoning he believed that no 
honest trader had the right to ask a higher price for his 
goods than he paid for them, for while lying on the 
shelves or in his warehouse the value remained the same; 
and notwithstanding he was obliged to incur rent and 
other expenses for his labor in accommodating the public, 
this philosopher maintained such action to be fraudulent, 
and that a merchant must, of necessity, be dishonest. 
In the proud days of Rome a tradesman was held in 
humble estimation, for the war-like occupations of tha 
nation had practically drawn their attention from peaceful 
pursuits, wthlle their vast spoils supplied them with treas- 
ures, and the two honorable employments of the Romans 
were war and agriculture. 

The love of gain seems to be almost inherent in man, 
and though it may be truly considered the one great 
Incentive to labor and enterprise, it is too often combined 
with and succeeded by an inordinate desire to accumulate 
and augment an amount, which Inevitably brings con- 
tinual anxiety and unrest. 

There is a story told of a gentleman in the legal pro- 
fession, to whom four men, accused of murder, applied, 
requesting him to act as their counsel. He consented, 
and received a large retaining fee, althougfh his wife and 
friends strenuously remonstrated. He possessed exten- 
sive legal knowledge, ability and ambition. Resisting 
the admonition of friends and the dictates of conscience, 
he yielded to the ardent desire for wealth and notoriety. 
He well knew public interest had been aroused by the 
magnitude of the crime, the prisoners being all con- 
nected with influential families. A long trial resulted in 
acquittal, and although it was an unworthy decision, yet 
his skill and eloquence exerted such a powerful influence 
on the community tlhat he received all the applause and 
honor he desired. Reputation thus established, cases and 
clients multiplied, and wealth and prosperity increased. 
but the glitter of Mammon soon developed an insatiable 
desire to accumulate money; morality and conscience were 
forgotten in the vain endeavor to satisfy the ruling pas- 
sion, and. in a few years, his agonized wife was obliged 
to place him behind massive doors, hopelessly insane. 

The acquirement of wealth for the supplying of neces- 
sities or luxuries is hig'hly commendable, if it does not 
develop a passion which is likely to bring ruin and dis- 
aster to the moral character and a sordid selfishness 
tending to destroy many a generous sentiment. 
"Wealth heaped on wealth nor truth nor safety buys; 
The dangers gather as the treasures rise." 

The sacrificing of one's honor to be rich in purse is 
too poor an equivalent for the degradation, and alt^hough 
the influence of money may bring friends and position, 
the former are sure to despise us, and the latter brings 
only censure and contempt from others. Moral rectitude 
is the highest virtue which can adorn a community. 
Honor uncontaminated Is one of its brightest Jewels. It 



Is equally so In regard to Individual character; yet we 
frequently find In all sections of our country, and In all 
classes of society, numerous departures from true In- 
tegrity. 

Whoever has no clear conception as to where the 
proper limit lies in his own affairs, and readhes beyond 
what may be called the danger line, Is chargeable, If not 
with fraudulent Intent, at least with gross incompetency. 
Every engagement beyond that line he has less chance 
of keeping; every new account, or creditor, meaning new 
trouble; every year, possibly every month, bringing nearer 
the day of disaster. The reckless practice of increasing 
liabilities, only to waste proceeds in other than legitimate 
uses, develops no higher moral level flhan the prize fight 
or the gaming table. 

To make commerce an honorable enterprise is to have 
mutual advantage inseparable from it. 'No doubt there 
is as much probity and honor among the trade of the 
United States as in any other nation, yet It cannot be 
denied that there does exist a lamentable Inclination 
towards moral dishonesty. It is to be regretted that 
many transactions among merchants or others will not 
bear close scrutiny, and ttoat fraud and deception too 
often masquerade for honor and honesty. 

"Some men." said Uncle Amos "prides delrse'f on 
bein' honest simply because dey's done 'ranged delr 
business so dat dey has agents hired to do all de curious 
transactions fob 'em." 

There is an old saying, "We are honest so long as we 
thrive upon it; but if the devil himself will give better 
wages, we change our party." The very recent instances 
in Boston, and in Rutland and Waterbury, Vt., confirm 
my assertions. 

Former President Charles H. Cole, of the Globe Na- 
tional Bank, of Boston, was at one time regarded as one 
of Boston's prominent business men, interested in several 
large business ventures, and reputed to be worth about 
two million dollars. His personal life prior to the dis- 
covery of the defalcation was irreproachable, but, like 
others, he found it impossible to resist temptation to 
J speculate, and, led on by the delusive hope to recover his 
losses, he dug a pit so deep that he could not extricate 
himself, anji was compelled to acknowledge himself a 
criminal. Broken in health, in spirit, and in purse, at 
the age of fifty-five, he pleaded guilty to three counts 
in the Indictment, charging him with embezzling funds 
to the amount of ?824,000 from the banking institution 
of which he had been the head, and, on the 14th of May, 
was sentenced to eight years in the prison at Greenfield. 

At Rutland. Vt., Cashier Muzzy, of the Merchants' 
National Bank, admitted a shortage of $145,000. His 
misappropriation of the bank's funds began with a small 
loan to a friend, who was expected to make it good, but 
tailed to do so. Then came calls for furtiher accommo- 
dation, to recoup losses which were presumably made 
through speculation, and so things went from bad to 
worse until the crash came. 

John C. Farrar, a young man of twenty-four, the 
embezzling teller of the Waterbury, Vt., National Bank, 
a fugitive from justice, was apprehended in Boston, and 
taken back to Waterbury to await whatever proceedings 
the autJiorities chose to take. His downfall was entirely 
due to speculation, transactions with bucket shops, losses 
in sugar and copper stocks, resulting in false entries in 
deposit accounts, and a shortage of $25,000 led to dis- 
covery. He had been employed in the bank six or seven 
years, had an estimable wife and one child, but ap- 
preciated too late the enormity of his crime, and is now 
serving a term of seven years in the State Prison. 

Frauds, embezzlements, unwise speculations, coming 
periodically to light, increase distrust and alarm, and 
the standing of almost every one desiring credit Is neces- 
sarily affected. 

There are men in various positions who have few or 
no compunctions of conscience as to the manner of effect- 
ing their designs, though, tor the sake of policy, they 
may assume a disinterested purpose toward their intended 
victims. Some thrive upon the misfortunes and neces- 
sities of others, and we are not disposed to doubt that 
many shrewd, calculating adepts in the practice of 
morality fiom the respectable positions they falsely oc- 
cupy in the community, as well as from the connection 
they sometimes have with the church, pray upon their 



January 3, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



knees on the Sabbath, and on their fellow men the rest 
of the week, and, by reason of their surroundings, escape 
to quite an extent tthe observation of the public eye, and 
profit in their deception. 

I once read of an individual who had failed three times 
in business. The first time he was wholly unprepared 
for his misfortune: the second somewhat surprised him, 
but at the third he had become hardened, and remarked, 
with a peculiar expression of satisfaction, "'I had them," 
meaning he had gotten the advantage over his creditors. 
This person kept up his respectability for a time, but 
it was evident to those who knew him that his ill-gotten 
gains gave him no peace, and he was not able to realize 
the joy and happiness of those who are governed by right 
principles. During the busy hours of the day his mind 
was occupied with the engrossing cares of business, but 
when the shades of darkness fell, he was of all men 
the most miserable. On retiring to his chamber, he would 
walk the apartment for hours, lamenting his many mis- 
deeds and the obligations he had violated. 

It is to be regretted that the reputation of the dis- 
honest man passes scrutiny for all business purposes, and 
that misrepresentation and fraud are allowed to pass 
unrebuked b.v public opinion. Most men characterize 
such proceedings as "clever" and "smart." and the men 
who are guilty of such questionable practices, instead of 
being shunned, are more likely to be regarded as desirable 
customers and companions, and it is not difficult to point 
out many individuals to-day who have gained wealth 
and position through unscrupulous methods and a criminal 
carelessness as to the rights or welfare of others. 

Not many years ago I heard of a man who was in 
good standing in the community where he lived, was 
known as a large dealer in merchandise, paid his bills 
with commendable promptness, securing the best dis- 
counts, but, invariably, from each remittance he would 
deduct an amount for shortage. Goods were doubly and 
trebly checked before being shipped, and every precau- 
tion adopted to insure correctness. Still the "shortages" 
continued. Then a new plan was devised, and articles 
were enclosed without being charged— not only once, but 
two and three limes. Of course, these "overs" were 
never reported. Then, convinced of his fraud and dis- 
honesty, a bill was sent, covering all "overs" and "short- 
ages," with an intimation that an immediate settlement 
was not only proper but wise. Needless to say, payment 
was not long delayed. This man, to-day, is wealthy, 
has retired from business and passes as a respectable 
member of society. 

So curious and complicated is business relationship 
that there are occasions when one is forced to have as 
companions men whom one never would choose as such. 
They must, for the time being, be tolerated. They are 
not really companions, but circumstances bring them in 
contact with us, and we are obliged to endure their 
company and acquaintance because business compels it. 

The love of money has been, not only in the age of 
the apostles, but in all ages, and in our day is, the root 
of all evil; and the instances are very few and far 
between where a career of dishonesty and wickedness 
does not end in disaster. Even where the individual 
escapes from the just punishment and publicity of his; 
misdeeds, a knowledge of men and human nature con- 
firms the belief in Shakespeare's lines, that 

"Conscience hath a thousand several tongues. 
And every tongue brings in a several tale. 
And every tale condemns one for a villain." 

It is unquestionably conclusive that a considerable 
number of the statements which have been recorded 
under the present bankruptcy law. and on which peti- 
tions for a discharge are based, are tinged with dis- 
honesty and deceit. 

Hundreds of names, long since buried in oblivion, 
and representing unpaid liabilities of hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars, are being resurrected and passed through 
the various processes under the statutes, resulting in 
no dividends to the creditors, yet making the debtors 
free men. The peculiarities of the State laws of about 
three years ago enabled these parties to express prefer- 
ences and execute chattel mortgages in favor of their 
friends and relatives, and now the glad hand of peace 



and comfort and relief from long-standing tribulations^ 
and debts allows them to again enter the arena of busi- 
ness, and await another opportunity to repeat the 
operation. 

Interesting and amusing examples of the peculiar con- 
dition of bankrupts are continually being published. A 
Salt Lake City debtor included in his schedule as "per- 
sonal property" two suits of clothes, four wives and a 
bicycle. Under exemptions he claimed the two suits- 
of clothes and the bicycle. The residue of his personal 
property was left to the disposal of his creditors. 

At Rodman, N. Y., a bankrupt returned his assets 
as consisting of "one suit of clothes, valued at $10.50— 
which your petitioner is wearing"— also "bills and state- 
ments from creditors." His liabilities were $2,215. 

.\t Providence, B. I., Bobby Burns, the pugilist, filed 
his liabilities as $2,500, and his assets as $37.15 in money 
and a $G5 interest in a North End church pew. 

At Glen Ridge, N. J., a merchant had seven creditors, 
with debts of $2,200, and no assets, except a horse, har- 
ness, some beehives and a nickel-plated watch. 

Notwithstanding the differences of opinion regarding 
the working of the bankruptcy bill, we, as credit men, 
"love it still," for, under its wise provisions, we are 
certain of sharing in a bankrupt's property, if he has- 
any to divide. 

After such a treatise on some of the frauds of our 
business world (and there are many others we could 
mention) and the lack of principle actuating trade, we 
naturally conclude that commercial morality is to a 
large extent corrupt; but while there are many who do 
not transact business according to the high stEindard of 
integrity and honor, yet we rejoice that the larger pro- 
portion of merchants are honorable, upright and noble 
specimens of the highest type of man. Guided by potent 
influences and instincts, they become powerful examples 
of excellence and virtue, and regulate and control the 
intelligence and conscience of the community in which 
they live. 

Industry secures independence, and the Industrious 
and independent man is respected wherever found. With 
prosperity, enterprise and ambition increase, and a com- 
petency tends to develop courage and assurance, and 
wealth thus gained and earned enables one to command 
the respect of his fellow men, and more bountifully to 
provide for the welfare of mankind. 

The maxim attributed to Ben. Franklin, "Honesty Is 
the best policy," has been so distorted as to satisfy both 
conscience and covetousness. personal interest prompting 
a course of action contrary to the purest principles of 
morality. Honesty ought never to be named in the 
same category with policy. When policy becomes the 
motive power, that instant honesty dies; and still the 
saying that "Honesty Is the best policy" has an applica- 
tion. It pays to be honest. Goods honestly made readily- 
acquire a wide and ever-extending reputation. Such 
goods have a ready sale, and it would be difficult to 
find a spot where the worth and excellence of sncft 
standard goods are not already firmly established. 

The vener.3ble Patrick Henry, when near his end, 
remarked to a young man. "Remember, my son, that 
every man is the maker of his own character." Emersoir 
says, "Men of character are the conscience of the society 
to which they belong." Sidney Smith wrote, "Let every 
man be occupied, and occupied In the highest employ- 
ment of w-hich his nature is capable, and die with the- 
consciousness that he has done his best." 

The motives which actuate men must be either right 
or wrong, and he alone is honest who is so from principle. 
It is our duty, therefore, as men and as essential parts of 
this great business community, to insist that the great 
superstructure of business be founded on the rock-boundT 
principles of truth, honor and integrity, and. In the words 
of Samuel Smiles. "With the light of great examples 
to guide us, every one is not only justified, but bound 
in duty, to aim at reaching the highest standard of 
morality— not to become the richest In means, but In 
spirit; not the greatest In worldly position, but in true 
honor; not the most intellectual, but the most virtuous; 
not the most powerful and Influential, but the most 
truthful, upright and honest." 



JO 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



THE STUDY OF CHEMISTRY. 



* 



By DR. GROSSMAN. 



The question of technical education has received the 
attention of many members of our society who, in ability 
and experience, are my superiors; but the scope of their 
investigations and suggestions has generally been widely 
extended, and from that fact alone more difficult to grasp 
and to be accepted in its entirety. In choosing only one 
part of technical education, i. e.. the study of chemistry, 
the subject of my address, I trust it is understood that I 
am only giving my personal views on the subject, which 
may be very different from those of others equally well, 
if not better, qualified to consider the matter; but in nar- 
rowing down the issue there will be this advantage, that 
it will be comparatively easy to criticize my views, and 
thus to bring forward other aspects of the question; and 
by my specializing and dividing the subject of technical 
education into its component parts I may induce others 
to treat with other parts of the problem, one at a time, 
until it may be comparatively easy to combine the 
knowledge thus gained, and to elaborate a system which 
will embrace the total of technical education on such 
lines as may be acceptable to the majority. 

Within the last twenty-five years the number of 
chemists and of those studying chemistry as a future 
means of subsistence, has increased to an alarming ex- 
tent; many of these have met with disappointment; more 
will be disappointed in years to come. If one were to 
take a census of the chemists in this country many 
amongst them would have to confess that they had 
chosen a wrong profession, one for which neither their 
natural talents nor their subsequent education fitted 
them. The reasons for this are twofold. In some cases. 
and these are not the worst, young men have taken up 
chemistry as a profession because they had friends or 
relatives who could find them employment later on. and, 
of course, as long as notihing interfered with these plans, 
they would, with ordinary ability, be in a sufficiently 
comfortable position, even though they never could have 
the interest in and love for their work which is one of 
the most essential conditions of success. But there is 
another class much to be pitied, and that is the class 
comprising those who have devoted their life to chemistry 
under the wrong impression that they had the gifts and 
the liking for it. Many of these will look back to their 
school days with regret, and be sorry that they were 
taught and took a fancy to chemistry when thej' were 
boys. There is no doubt that, of all subjects that are 
taught at school at present chemistry is the one which is 
most fascinating to a boy's mind, as the nearest approach 
to conjuring, and one which leads itself easily to being 
made into a scientific plaything. Nothing is said or im- 
pressed upon the mind, at school, in what I may term its 
chemical kindergarten work, of the hard drudgery and 
difficult work which has to be gone through in later years, 
when the time arrives for the chemist to apply his 
knowledge in order to gain a living. Whilst I see no ob- 
jection to chemical lectures being given at school, these 
lectures should be conducted on such lines that they are 
entirely free from cramming, and that the boy should 
actually understand what he is taught. But I am strongly 
of opinion that at school practical work in the laboratory 
can do no good and may do considerable harm. Any boy 
who intends to follow up chemistry as a profession could 
in six months spent at a college get as much knowledge in 
practical work as he could in two or three years at a school 
and have the advantage of being able to go more closely 
Into the fundamental part of the science; and as the first 
principles and the groundwork which one receives in any 
science or art, in nearly every case, determine the success, 
or want of success, in after life, it would be far better to 
have that groundwork laid at a college or university. To 
those who do not intend following up chemistry in alter 
life practical work at a school can be of no use as they 

•Chairman's address at the meeting held November 2. 
1900 of the Manchester (England) Section of the Society 
of Chemical Industry. 



could never make any practical use of the knowledge 
gained there; nor do they require at any time such prac- 
tical use. The great principle underlying everything now is 
division of labor, and there is no reason why the boy who 
ultimately is trained as a physician, lawyer or merchant 
should want to analyze samples of goods himself, which 
he could never do as well as they could be done by a pro- 
fessional analyst. 

Practical work at schools is encouraged by South Ken- 
sington, the influence of which pervades all elementary 
education and encourages cramming and discourages 
actual knowledge which has been acquired. 'Very little harm 
may be done by that system where history, geography 
and languages are concerned, for with these branches of 
knowledge it is mostly a matter of memory; but In the 
case of science memory, while useful, should take a sub- 
ordinate place, and the imparting of actual knowledge 
and the faculty of applying it should be the first aim of 
the teacher. Here it is particularly that the system of 
paying teachers by results is bound to do a great deal of 
harm. 

Where the teacher is paid a salary which is sufficient 
for his requirement, independent of grants based on the 
success of his pupils at examination, he can devote his 
time to the pupils according to their ability, and can give 
mere attention in his subject to the boy who has par- 
ticular talent for that subject, without neglecting the boy 
with ordinary or deficient ability, so as to develop the 
latent talent which is in the gifted boy. Under the system 
of grants the matter is reversed; the teacher has to give 
most of his attention to the dullest boy, otherwise he 
would lose the grant for that boy, whereas he is certain 
that the talented boy, without much assistance on his 
part, will earn him the grant. Surely there is something 
radically wrong with a system which is bound to produce 
such results. Why should a teacher be paid by results at 
all? Why should he not receive a good salary and pro- 
motion according to his ability, which should chiefly be 
judged by his faculty of bringing out what latent talent 
there is in any boy? 

It appears to me that the whole system is due to the 
tact that it was found that the teachers were underpaid, 
and instead of acknowledging this frankly and raising 
their salaries to what they ought to be, subterfuge was 
taken in the system of giving grants, without considering 
that this must inevitably lead to cramming. 

I have dealt with this matter at great length because 
our schools are the stepping stones to our colleges, and 
provide valuable scholarships to those who have passed 
the necessary examinations. These, in many cases, are 
of a highly specialized technical character, and I consider 
it a great mistake to specialize on any subject at a school; 
the specialization should be deferred until the boy enters 
a college or university; before that time he should acquire 
and be taught a good all round knowledge, without any 
particular stress being put on any one subject. As regards 
chemistry there is no reason why schools should not go 
as far as they like in the theoretical part, but they should 
confine their work to that and not go into practical work. 

Under the present system the student, after having 
finished his course at a grammar or similar school enters 
the college with a certain amount of theoretical knowledge 
in chemistry, and with a certain amount of knowledge of 
practical work; the first task which he has now to perform 
in the laboratory is to find out what are the constituents 
of single salts which are given him, and this is practically 
the first introduction he gets into qualitative analysis at 
the college. The principle of this system is. In my opinion, 
right, but I do not think that in its practical application 
it is carried sufficiently tar. Too little time is generally 
devoted to the study of simple salts, and too great a stress 
is laid afterwards on the separation of different com- 
pounds in a mixture. The whole of qualitative analysis is 
based upon the different solubilities of different sub- 
stances in water and solutions of other substances. This 



January 3, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



II 



Is the very foundation of all analytical work. Now, It 
Is quite clear that if anyone had a complete knowledge of 
the different solubilities he could himself, with little help, 
evolve a system of qualitative or of quantitative analysis, 
which might not, perhaps, be as good as the generally 
accepted scheme, but wtolch still would be sufficiently good 
tor general work. Instead of leading the student gradu- 
ally on in such a manner that he almost unconsciously 
would design a system of analysis for himself, he is 
taught the different methods of qualitative and quantita- 
tive analysis as if they were hard and fast rules, and 
without really knowing why this particular system has 
been adopted. If he be particularly talented he may pos- 
sibly, even at the college, get an idea why all this is done 
in this way, but in nine cases out of ten he really has no 
idea as to the reason and wherefore of all the methods 
employed in qualitative work, which to him is, and always 
remains, a mechanical operation. My own opinion Is that 
too much time cannot be devoted to the study of the 
properties of the single compounds, and while the student 
is studying these properties he should be made not only 
to write out the formulae and equations which govern the 
reaction in each case but he should be particularly im- 
pressed with the degree of solubility of each compound, 
both in its relation to water and to other solvents; he 
might at the same time be allowed to do quantitative work 
on these lines, so as to show him how near he can come to 
the truth, and also to show him how far off absolute In- 
solubility the different compounds are; but, whatever 
quantitative tests he were allowed to make, he should 
never be allowed to handle the substances pure; that Is, 
In such a state that he could calculate what the results 
ought to be; he should get a sample either in solution or 
mixed with substances which would not interfere in the 
results of his analysis, so that the teacher should have 
complete control and know that the work which is done 
is honest. This system will give the student an amount 
of confidence In his work which he can never acquire by 
any other means. The laboratory work should be sup- 
plemented by lectures more in the form of colloquia, in 
which the teacher should constantly point out to the 
student the principles which underlie all quantitative and 
•qualitative work, particularly that of solubility. The 
whole system of chemical analysis is based upon the 
properties of the different substances, and unless the 
student is thoroughly acquainted with these he can never 
expect to make any practical use of his knowledge. The 
lirst practical application of that knowledge should be 
qualitative analysis as applied to mixtures, and if the 
student could only be made to understand that qualitative 
analysis is not a mechanical process but the first practical 
application of the knowledge of chemistry, and if he could 
be induced to approach this first practical application in 
such a way that he worked out a system of his own before 
being shown what has been found to be the best system 
by others, it would be a great step towards developing 
that power of applying chemical knowledge which is the 
highest ultimate aim of chemical education. An extremely 
useful book, written on lines such as indicated by me, has 
been published by Prof. Ostwald and translated into Eng- 
lish by McGowan. Unfortunately, this book Introduces 
theoretical questions which might be too abstruse for the 
beginner, and I think that if a book were to be written on 
lines similar to those which Prof. Ostwald takes, but with- 
out abstruse theoretical speculations, simply based on the 
solubility of substances, giving the reactions which are 
supposed to take place in the form of chemical equations, 
it would be of great help to the student, especially if it 
were supplemented by colloquial lectures. 

There is no reason why qualitative analysis should not 
be carried on simultaneously with quantitative and vol- 
umetric analysis, but the whole should comprise a course 
which should be fenced off from all other work, except 
such as might be found useful in connection with It, such 
as the preparation of simple Inorganic salts which the 
student could study afterwards. Only when the student 
has acquired a complete knowledge and command of 
analysis should he be allowed to go into organic work, or 
Into preparations or original work proper. No doubt, by 
the present system of examination It would be a difficult 
matter to determine the actual knowledge which a student 
has acquired in analysis, as different subjects are jumbled 
together. I should propose that In final examinations 



there should be no examination tor analysis, but that that 
examination should be a separate examination, without 
which no one should be allowed to go on to higher work 
or to final examinations. The great importance of this 
fact, and the necessity of a sound training on lines such 
as I have indicated has, within the last few years, been 
recognized by the German universities, which, with the 
exception of two or three, have formed a combine, the 
members of which are pledged not to allow any student 
to take up organic work or original research until he has 
satisfied his professors and the examiners appointed that 
he has a sound knowledge of the fundamental principles. 
Whereas in other sciences it may be quite possible for a 
student to have a good knowledge of the subject, though 
there may be gaps in which he is deficient, such is not the 
case with chemistry, as far as analytical work Is con- 
cerned. The chemist's work is either right or wrong; 
there is nothing between the two. I do not belong to 
those who are crying down our system of education by 
making invidious comparisons with the system of educa- 
tion as carried on in Germany, but at the same time I 
consider that it is necessary for us to know what is being 
done on the Continent, and to keep an ever watchful eye 
on the system of education there, so that we may not 
wake up some day and find ourselves overtaken in the 
race. As I have not found anything mentioned anywhere 
as to this new step which has been taken by the German 
universities, I think it will serve a good purpose if I give 
a translation of the rules which have been established by 
the combine of German universities, on the 12th of March, 
189S; they are as follows: 

Paragraph 1.— The examination consists in a practical 
examination in qualitative, quantitative and volumetria 
analysis, and further, in an oral examination in analytical 
and Inorganic chemistry. 

Paragraph 2.— The purpose of this examination is three- 
fold; to the student it s'houid be the closing point of his 
preparatory studies; to the principals of the laboratory 
it shall give a means of controlling, on the one hand, 
whether the students under them have been educated 
sufficiently far in every direction of elementary chemistry, 
and, on the other hand, whether the foreign students, 
that is. such who come from other German or foreign 
universities, colleges or private laboratories, have the 
necessary knowledge required, or, if not. that they may 
acquire that knowledge. Thirdly, this examination shall 
give to the manufacturer or others who may employ the 
students at a later period a guarantee that the applicant 
has the necessary elementary knowledge and experience 
as shown. The arrangements as hitherto existing have 
not been sufficient for this purpose. 

Paragraph 3.— As It Is the purpose of the combine ex- 
amination to effect uniform training of the students in the 
elementary foundations, it is a matter of course that these 
examinations should be conducted on uniform lines in all 
universities. The particular manner, however, by which 
the teacher convinces himself that the student has the 
knowledge which is required from him may vary. Thus, 
for instance, a combine certificate may be given at tech- 
nical colleges along with the examination for diploma, 
or with the final examination; in the latter, at least, as 
much knowledge is required as in the former. Neither Is 
a particular part modus prescribed to universities for the 
examination; it is left to examiner how to satisfy himself 
as to the existence of the knowledge required; he makes 
himself responsible by his signature that the candidate 
at the time of the examination had a knowledge which Is 
required by the combine, combine certificates based on the 
assurance of the student that he has the knowledge re- 
quired, or on the certificate of any other teacher. Is inad- 
missible. As regards the carrying on of the practical ex- 
amination, the control over this can be deputed by the 
principal to his chief assistants, but the principal take* 
personally the responsibility by signing the certificate of 
examination with his own signature. In laboratories 
which possess a laboratory journal the passing of the 
practical examination can be verified by reference to this 
journal. 

Paragraph 4.— The practical examination and the oral 
examination in analytical and Inorganic chemistry must 
be performed at the same educational establishment 
within six months. Thus, for Instance, the practical ex- 
amination may be gone through at the end of the summer 



12 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



term, and the oral at the beginning of the winter term. 
But the practical examination must always precede the 
oral one. Combine certificates referring to the practical 
examination alone have, therefore, no validity in other 
universities and colleges. The oral examination in organic 
chemistry may be passed at different educational high 
schools and at any time. 

Paragraph 5.— The most desirable aim is this, that the 
examiner should only examine such students as have 
worked the whole course in his own laboratory; but, to 
meet the existing circumstances, it is permissible to ex- 
amine students from other German institutions, and also 
such who have worked in foreign schools. But only those 
can claim admission who have worked at least one term 
In the examiner's laboratory, and who, in the opinion of 
the principal, have acquired the necessary knowledge. In- 
corporation in the combine compels the laboratory prin- 
cipal to examine such students, whereas the examination 
of others is left to his discretion. The examination takes 
place by application of the student or by the wish of the 
principal. If the student does not pass the examination 
he does not get a certificate. Rules as to the repetition 
of the examination are not given. 

The members of the combine are bound to give only to 
such students as have passed the combine examination a 
subject for a doctor or diploma work. 

As regards the scope of the examination, the following 
rules, signed by V. Bayer, as president^ and Prof. Ost- 
wald, as secretary, are given: 

First Practical Examinations.— These divide in three 
parts: 

A. The Conduct of a Qualitative Analysis. — In this ex- 
amination it is required that the candidate, in a mixture 
which has been made specially for the purpose, should 
show all the constituents. The mixture should contain a 
considerable number of substances, but only such as occur 
in the ordinary usual course of analysis. 

B. Quantitative Analysis. — In quantitative analysis the 
main weight is put on the accuracy of the determinations; 
the candidate is informed of the qualitative composition 
of the mixture, and he has to determine it in two or three 
substances, the separation and determination of which 
occur in the usual analytical course. 

C. Volumetric Task.— In this part of the examination 
the candidate must prepare all the standard solutions 
which he may require himself. 

D. The Oral Examination.— This is divided into three 
parts: 

(a.) Analytical Chemistry.— In qualitative chemistry the 
candidate must know how to find substances which occur 
in the ordinary course; in the quantitative analysis the 
knowledge of the separation and determination of the 
more important elements and compounds is required. 

(b.) Inorganic Chemistry. — In this the knowledge com- 
prises what is generally gained from the lectures on in- 
organic experimental chemistry. 

(c.) Organic Chemistry. — A knowledge of the principles 
of organic chemistry. 

It will be seen from the foregoing that the knowledge 
required by the German student in this examination is 
somewhat about the same as that required for the B. Sc. 
in this country, so far as analytical chemistry is con- 
cerned; but there is one great distinction in the practical 
working of this examination as compared with the exam- 
inations in this country, and that is, that the student can 
take his time over these examinations, as far as practical 
work goes, and is not hurried and expected to do the 
quantitative analysis in a few hours; that he is allowed 
to use books, which means that the test is not only one of 
memory. A great deal also is left to the discretion of the 
professor, and the whole scheme is framed in such a way 
that little is left to chance, and that, as a matter of fact, 
the certificate given by the professor is not absolutely 
based on that examination, but on his actual knowledge 
of the capabilities and acquirements of the student. It 
appears to me that this examination and the knowledge 
required for it is a very useful break in the education of 
chemists and might with advantage be introduced into our 
colleges and universities. I am aware that it would be 
difficult to rearrange the system in this country, as the 
colleges and universities are separate establishments; but 
if the latter two were to come to an arrangement with 
the preliminary schools by which the standard of edu- 



cation could be raised before the student goes to college, 
I do not see why It should not be possible. By leaving 
out all practical work in chemistry, physics and other 
branches at school sufllclent time could be gained to bring 
the student forward in other subjects, and to enable him 
to devote all his time to the study of sciences from the 
time he enters the college, instead of. as at present, having 
In most cases to go through the preliminary educational 
course in the first twelve months. 

If such a scheme could be designed to fit in with our 
chemical education at college it would give the student an 
additional six or twelve months to pursue his specialized 
studies, and would enable him to do some original work. 
I am not advocating any radical changes in the demands- 
which should be put on a student's work for any ordinary 
degree, nor should it be necessary for him to do original 
work of an elaborate description showing positive results; 
but I think it would be useful if every student who went 
for a degree had been compelled to work for at least six 
months on some original work, even though his work had' 
only given him negative results. The educational and 
practical value of such an alteration would be very great; 
the student would, at any rate, have had the opportunity 
to learn for six or twelve months to turn his knowledge to- 
account. The first certificate would show to any one 
wishing to engage him afterwards that he was a compe- 
tent analyst. The possession of a degree would show that 
he had gone further than that and was capable of under- 
taking original work if required. I am sure that there 
are a great many chemists who would do original work 
if they had once been introduced how to go about suclt 
work, but under the present system they have never had 
a proper chance. 

I have endeavored to carry the subject of my address 
to a point w^hether an examination similar to the one pre- 
scribed by the combine should take place, and I may at 
that point leave the subject of the study of chemistry. 

If such an examination were to be performed in such a 
manner as to become a really reliable test, and prove that 
the student has fully grasped the meaning of analytical 
work, and that he is capable of working, not as a machine, 
but as a thinking, original worker in that department, he 
could then be trusted to take his own course. With regard 
to the future studies, he could then decide whether to give 
his main attention to inorganic work or organic work, or 
electrical work, or any other subdivision of chemistry. It 
must not be forgotten that chemistry has grown to be a 
science covering an enormous field, and that it is impos- 
sible for any one to even attempt a complete grasp of all 
there is known. The preliminary examination as carried 
on in Germany, therefore, would really round off the 
student's education in the elementary science; he would 
have an all round knowledge of the principles of inorganic 
and organic chemistry, and complete command over the 
analytical methods, and could be trusted after that to 
specialize either inorganic or organic chemistry. If he 
should intend to devote his time on some future occasion 
to technology he could, for original work, either take up 
the working out of new analytical methods or the critical 
examination of old and doubtful methods, or the working 
through of new processes, such as can be found in present 
specifications or similar works, and, guided by the pro- 
fessor in his work, he should be introduced into original 
work, which, after all, is the highest, the most interesting 
and the most important of all the branches of chemistry, 
as on it depends the future prosperity of our chemical 
industries. 



THE BISMUTH SUBNITRATE OF COMMERCE. 

In a paper read before the Pharmaceutical Society of 
Great Britain, and abstracted from Br. and Col. Drug., F. 
Upsher Smith said that attention has often been directed 
to the inconstant composition of bismuth subnitrate. 
Considerable discussion has also taken place with regard 
to the liquor on the assumption of its content of oxide. 
It occurred to him to examine the oxynitrate as found 
on the market, including in this examination three main 
points (1) the percentage of bismuth oxide, (2) the per- 
centage of N2O5 (3) the percentage of water. He obtained 
four samples, all labelled B.P.. and all from leading Eng- 
lish makers. He first made a qualitative exambination as a 



January 3, 1901.] THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 13 

preliminary. The samples varied considerably in appear- tity calculated from the B.P. toia^L h'in^ii& thusr^ ^/Q 
ance, the microscopic diCEerences being more marked than Equation: 2iBlO^OiH20) =^Bi_hp^'iJS^-i^£> r\ 

the macroscopic. Briefly, all showed a crystalline struc- Therefore BI.O3 = 70.307 pA^m^^ Vl iHAD»s 

tare under the microscope, but they varied in the shape ot N2O5 = 17.724 " ^E^fx'Ci /. ''fl?/ 

the crystals, being either in short prisms or six-sided HjO = D.'JOS " ■». '^O C:>- 

plates. Three of the samples were very evidently crystal- ' 0/-?r~)» ' . 

line, but in the other this was not very apparent. It had 9y.!)99 ' O 

been pointed out by Hager that the temperature of liquids Curtman thought the salt had originally the formula of' 

at the moment of precipitation affected the form of the the B.P. but afterwards changed to 4BiONO,H-0 This 

crystals of the salt precipitated. Mr. Smith had made a composition agreed. Mr. Smith pointed out, very closely 

few experiments in connection with this, but had found ^.n^ his figures. Bismuth subnitrate, when freshly mad« 

that no form of crystals was exclufiively precipitated at ^„a submitted to prolonged washing, accords with this, 

any temperature, though the precipitate was lighter as t^e salt as precipitated corresponding with the B.P. 

obtained from cold solution, and heavier as the temper- formula. The B.P. salt was said to be so unstable that no 

ature rose. The word '•crystals" might be replaced in the American maked would supply it. Proceeding to summar- 

B. P. by the words "crystalline scales." All the samples j^e his conclusions, the author's chief point was that the 

^ad been found free from impurities mentioned in the B. g p_ should either give a method for making bismuth oxy- 

P. except chlorides, and no precipitate or coloration was n^rate or require the amount of N..O. to be estimated, 

given by the selenium and tellurium test contained in the The complete figures of the author are appended: 
appendix. 

Passing now to the quantitative examination, the author , i— fl , 

observed that there was no .way of getting at a bismuth BisOa. Hot. Cold. H2O. 

subnitrate of definite and known strength. The substance a sample 80X)I"'' 19 45'' ^"^^15 59'' ^^' *^^^5 

might be assayed by two principal methods, estimating B sample 79.40 17I78 14.19 2! 72 

the yield of sulphide or of oxide. He tried both. The sul- C sample 80.335 18.01 14.11 2.57 

phide method had been adversely criticised by Mr. David " sample 80.34o 18.555 13.43 2.995 

Howard. Mr. Smith used the extra precautions recom- ■ 

mended by Zeiss (these were not given in the B. P.), the nAMPCBC CCnu/l nilCTV TDAncc 

<hitf points being to dilute the solution well before pass- UHIMUCHO rnUIVI UUOll I nAUCO. 

ing the H;S, to add an acid (acetic preferably) to prevent . _.„_„(. ;„„„„»,- .- ... ... .,.,.... t, ,. 

^. ■ ". .. ^ ,, ■ J . .c .1, ■ .. f < -*■ recent investigating committee of the British Parlia- 

the precipitation of basic acid, to free the precipitate from „„_, ,„„„,. ,„a .■.....-, 

, C . ■ X, . . . ,.,.,,. u . ■ • .u ment, appointed to inquire into the dangers ot certain 

sulphur, to weigh at intervals of half an hour taking the ,,.„Aa„ o„j „„„„„.■ « j .1. . .1. 

,..._. , . .1. .. ..,, trades and operations, finds that there is peculiar harm 

lowest weignt, and to conduct the operations as rapidly as ,■„ .>,„_. .,,„, i„,.„i „ 1 . ■ . ^ , ^ ... 

_.., ,S. • .. ., .. , . J . . in those that involve working m an atmosphere laden with 

possible. These suggestions the author adopted, beginr j,,_, _„„ ..„ ., ... ... . . 

, ... , . ... ........ dust, sometimes because this dust is poisonous, but often 

ning bj- dissolving one gramme of the subnitrate in just „i_,„i.. .,„„„,.„„ ■.■■..• ..... t. 

^ . . .. . .?. • -J -v. j.1. .. -J J. simply because it is irritating to the air passages. From 

sufBcient hydrochloric acid, then adding acetic acid, di- „ o.,.„™„„. „f .u 1. ..,■.. j . -..w tt .. . 

... . •. .. ^ TT J .,.<.. ^ summary of the results, published in The Hospital 

luting, precipitating, and so on. He used asbestos for /t ;.„.„_, T^■ „ .. . ... ^ ,, ■ 

.=.. •■ -.-d . „ , ...J ... ■ J (Literary Digest) quotes the following: 

filtration. The mean percentage of sulphide obtained was .._. ^„ „.. . . j . j j,. 

0001 ... w .. . f .. on 01 . « -.0 The connection between dust and disease has often 

88.61, which, by calculation, gave 80.31 per cent, ot oxide. ,, „ ., , .. ,. j. ,.....;, 

_ . , . . -n , . r -J ... • ...J ''^^" noted: and even the ordinary dust ot the street and 

By actual experiment i9.4 per cent, ot oxide was obtained. ,, „ , i, ,j ..... , ..... 

,J . w. ■ . ., • ..■ c, , . o- . „j t"^ household carries insidious dangers; but these are 

(Curtman obtained by ignition Sl.l to So per cent., and . „„ ,■..,• .■ ... ■ j ..... j . 

T^ w. o. . 00 00 . . XT .. . J . * "°' so sure m their action as those carried by the dust 

Kebler 81 to 83.26 per cent.) No attempt was made to free _„. j ■ , . • ,., , , 

. .. . , , ., 1, . .1, ■ ... « 1 raised in various manufacturing processes. Take, for 

the precipitate from sulphur before the weighings ot sul- „„„,,., ,• ... t... ,jj 

,° , ,,.... .... , J , .,.,„ example, the work of paper staining. In the old days 

phide were made. After treating with carbon disulphide. .. _ ., Z ^ ,, j.a., 

y_ .. ..J ..... . c < u there was a great fancy for what was called flock papers; 

however, it was found that only traces of sulphur were .. ., j .. j j ,.._,,,. 

' _, .. ...I . . ... they were regarded as handsome and comfortable looking, 

removed. Thus it was possible to get approximately ac- „j«. , .>.» ..... .. 

...... .. • r .1 1 . J ^"d after a long period ot neglect flock papers are begin- 

curate results it the operation was carefully conducted. . -....^t. t^^. ... ..7 

_. ,. . J .. J. . J ... .. .. ning again to come into fashion. Fashion is thoughtless 

It was tedious, however, and so he directed his attention ... .1, . • .. .^ j j ... .1 .... 

. -, ., ....... -J . ■ . . ,. rather than cruel m her fads, and therefore it may be 

to directly estimating the oxide. .\n important precaution ... . . , ., »,«,■.• . j 

_, „, : .i.j.,..j well to point out how the process of flocking is carried 

here was to use a muffle furnace. This method he had . n-v, ... ^ j ... .. ;.• j 

out. The paper having had the pattern outlined on it, 

found to be preferable. ^.j^^ p^^^^ ^^ ^^ flocked are covered with a thin coat ot 

Next came the estimation ot the N^Os. He first tried gj^g^ ^nd are then dusted over with the flock— a sort of 

Thoms's method in the cold, and found much variation, fejt dust— which is shaken out ot something like a pepper 

though a decinormal solution gave better results. Then caster. This flock adheres to the parts that are coated 

he used Curtman's and Kebler's methods and obtained ^itj, gj^g a^^j .^^.hgn it has dried upon them the remainder 

uniformly higher percentages of N2O5 with the hot jg shaken off. All through the process dust is in evidence, 

method, though again there was variation. These pro- penetrating to the worker's nostrils and lungs, irritating 

cesses the author described In detail and gave figures the membranes and causing disease. 

which th:; other workers obtained. Curtman and Kebler "Very similar to this is the process of bronzing, as 

worked with the salts ot American manufacture, and were applied to paper or leather. Here also the powder is 

the only investigators whose results were published in dusted on to the prepared surface, generally by means 

English. Thorns worked with German salts. It eeemed ^f ^ p^^ g^j the worker is exposed to the dangers of 

^^^^- inhaling it." 

Thorns obtained 14.31 to 15.39 per cent, of N^Os The employment of "flake white" or "Chinese white" 

Curtman " 8.62 " 9.97 " " jg ^igg injurious when these substances contain lead, and 

Kebler " 11.91 " 16.75 " " when they are dusted on in powder. Some forms ot 

The author's figures appear in the complete table which flake white are harmless, while others are more than 

■follows. Thoir.s's figures obtained in the cold process, ap- half white lead, the remainder being French chalk. Says 

proximated. it was remarked, with the author's figures. the writer: 

also obtained by the cold method. The author's conclu- "One firm which had used this compound, finding that 

sion was distinctly in favor ot the hot method, which, it some cases of illness resulted among those employed, 

will be seen, gives figures more theoretically perfect. gave it up, and employed instead a powder called 'metal- 

The next object was to find the percentage ot H2O. lochrome,' which was composed ot sulfate of barium and 

This was estimated in two ways: (1) by exposure in a was quite free from lead. This change did away with one 

•desiccator with HzSO« (2) by heating in an air oven at a important danger for the workers in this industry— which 

temperature of 120" C. The result (see table at end) is, fortunately, a very small one— that ot lead-poisoning, 
showed that the former did not remove anything like all "When the dust is more than half white lead, it Is 

the moisture. Taking all three constituents, the author peculiarly dangerous to health; but even without abso- 

summed the figures up by saying that the average com- lutely poisonous stuff being included in it the mechanical 

position of the bismuth oxynitrate of commerce was BioOj irritation to throat, lungs and nostrils is suflficient to 

^0 per cent., N^Os 18.45 per cent., and HoO 2.23 per cent. condemn it. It is a trade at which no one seems to work 

"The B. P. formula, judged by this, contained too little long, thougto, as it is light work, there is no difficulty to 

■oxide and too little NjOb and too much water, the quan- filling up such vacancies as arise. . . . 



14 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



"Among other dusty and dangerous Industries may be 
noted the manufacture of basic slag. Basic slag is the 
refuse that Is left In the converter after making steel by 
the 'Gilchrist Thomas' process, and is valuable as a 
manure. In order to be used for this purpose, however, 
the slag, which comes out of the converter in large pieces, 
must be ground into a powder so fine that from eig'hty 
to elghty-flve per cent, of it would pass through a mesh 
of 10,000 to the square inch. Sometimes, if very dry, 
the slag is moistened before being ground; but in spite 
of this, much dust arises In the process of repeated grind- 
ing, which Is necessary to reduce the slag to powder. 
Time and time is the process repeated, the fine dust 
being carried away by a fan to hoppers, from wihich it 
falls Into bags without being touched by hand, while the 
heavier dust is carried into a chamber which must be 
cleared every six weeks. The men who perform this 
duty wear respirators. The dust given out by the slag in 
process of grinding is not in itself of a poisonous nature, 
but it causes, by its mechanical irritation, buskiness, 
asthma, and even pneumonia. It is chiefly in the pack- 
ing of the dust that the workmen encounter danger, 
though this may be kept in check by the rejection of old 
or unsuitable bags. In one factory only new jute bags 
are employed. A peculiar case occurred some time ago 
at EUesmere Port. A laborer, not employed in any mill, 
but only in unloading bags of basic slag, died of pneu- 
monia, and at the inquest it came out that the disease 
bad arisen from inhaling the dust. It is evident that 



respirators or veils should be used by those employed at 
every stage of the process. 

"Silicate cotton Is another slag product. In the making 
of which much dust arises. The process by which It Is 
made is simple and ingenious. A fine stream of molten 
slag is met on issuing from the furnace by a strong blast 
of steam. By this small globular particles of slag are 
formed and are driven with great velocity into a chamber; 
from each of these particles, by reason of their viscous 
nature and the velocity with wliich they are forced 
through the air, is drawn a long thin filament. These 
filaments combine into a threadlike, spongy material, the 
silicate of cotton— or, as it is generally called, slag wool. 
This material is absolutely non-inflammable, and is a 
non-conductor of both heat and of sound. It is thus of 
great use in packing the pipes from steam boilers, engines, 
etc., for laying between floors to deaden the sound, to 
render walls and floors fireproof, and very largely tor 
cold storage purposes. In appearance it resembles cotton 
wool, but has no elasticity. It is very light. The dangers 
that accompany the manufacture are, again, the risk of 
inhaling particles of the slag wool while packing it. The 
fine particles of wool cause great irritation to skin and 
nose to a stranger, though it is said that the workers 
themselves get quite accustomed to it. It has been shown, 
however, that the irritation has caused several persons 
to give up the work. The employment of crape or muslin 
veils has been found to afford great relief from these 
symptoms." 



QUESTION BOX. 

The object of this department is to furnish our sub- 
■crlbers and their clerks with reliable and tried formulas 
and to discuss questions relating to practical pharmacy, 
prescription work, dispensing difficulties, etc. 

Requests for information are not acknowledged by 
mail, and ANONYMOUS COMMUNICATIONS RECEIVE 
NO ATTENTION; neither do we answer queries In this 
department from non-subscribers. In this department 
frequent reference is necessarily made to Information 
published in previous issues of the Era. Copies of these 
may be obtained at ten cents each. 



Ox-Gall Soap — (D. P.) Dieterieh gives this formula: 

Extract of quillaya 1 ounce. 

Powdered borax 1 ounce. 

Fresh ox-gall 4 fl. ounces. 

Powdered Castile or common soap.. 15 ounces. 

Triturate together the borax, extract of quillaya and 
ox-gall. Then add the soap, beat the whole to a uniform 
consistence and cut into cakes of the desired size. If no 
extract of quillaya be at hand, soap bark, in shreds, may 
be exhausted by boiling with water, straining, and evap- 
orating the liquid on a water bath. One hundred parts 
of bark yield about 20 of extract. 
t2) Oleic acid 1 part. 

Borax 2 parts. 

Ox -gall, fresh 5 parts. 

Tallow or common soap 20 parts. 

Triturate the borax wirh the ox-gall; then thoroughly 
incorporate with it the soap, previously reduced to pow- 
der, and lastly incorporate the acid. 



Pbyslc Nnta.— (Prescriber.) "Physic nuts" is the 
name given to the seeds of Jatropha Curcas. a tree com- 
mon in India. The seeds yield about 30 per cent, of a 
colorless or slightly yellow fixed oil, with an almond-like 
taste, which is a powerful purgative. It differs from 
castor oil in being very slightly soluble in alcohol. It Is 
stated that 12 to 15 drops of the oil have a purgative effect 
similar to one ounce of castor oil but It is not so uniform 
in its action. The oil is also used diluted as an embro- 
cation in rheumatism, and a cataplasm of the leaves Is 
employed externally to increase the secretion of milk. 
According to the Prescrlbers' Pharmacopoeia the action of 
both seeds and oil Is very uncertain, being acrid and 
emetic, and have been known to be poisonous. The active- 
principle of the oil has been named jatrophic acid. In ad- 
dition to the purgative properties mentioned the oil Is 
applied in itch, herpes and eczema. The juice Is also- 
said to have been usefully employed as a local remedy 
in the treatment of piles. 



Glossy Ink — (E. F. S.) A gloss may be Imparted to 
any ink by the addition of a suitable amount of gum 
arable. Just the amount necessary to produce the de- 
sired result you can easily determine by a few experi- 
ments. An excess of gum is liable to produce an ink 
which will smear if the writing becomes damp. The 
Era Formulary gives this formula, the quantity of gum 
arable being increased to produce the glossiness desired: 

Powdered gall nuts 16 parts 

Gum arable 8 parts. 

Cloves, in powder 1 part. 

Sulphate of iron 10 parts. 

Place in an earthen or glass vessel and add 100 parts 
of rain water, and let it stand for eight to fourteen days, 
with frequent agitations. Then decani for use. It is 
claimed that the above ink may be improved by the ad- 
dition of from 2 to 6 parts of Campeachy wood. The ink 
can be thinned at any time with water without injury 
and also it can be converted into a copying ink by th^ 
addition of 4 parts of glucose. 



Flniil B^Ltrnet of Monntain Sage.— (G. E. G.) A- 
fiuid extract of mountain sage may be prepared as fol- 
lows, using a menstruum consisting of two parts of alco- 
hol and one part of water: 

Mountain sage (plant in No. 30 pow- 
der) 1,000 grams. 

Menstruum (alcohol, 2 parts; water, 
1 part) a sufficient quantity. 

Moisten the mountain sage previously reduced to a No. 
30 powder with a sufficient quantity of the above men- 
struum to render it distinctly damp and to maintain it 
so after several hours' maceration In a well-covered 
vessel. When the drug has ceased to swell, pack it in a 
suitable percolator, pour a sufficient quantity of the 
menstruum on top and when the percolate begins to 
drop from the orifice, close the latter, cover the per- 
colator and allow the contents to macerate twenty-four 
hours. Then permit the percolation to proceed. Reserve 
the first 875 Cc. of the percolate and continue percolation 
until the drug is practically exhausted. Evaporate this 
second portion at a gentle heat to a soft extract and dis- 
solve it in a sufficient quantity of menstruum so that 
when added to the reserved portion the product will 
measure 1,000 Cc. After allowing the fluid extract to 
stand a few days it may be filtered if necessary. 

Mountain sage has been used as a. substitute for qui- 
nine. In the treatment of periodic fevers, a teaspoonful 
of the fluid extract has been recommended to be given in^ 
a glass of strong, hot lemonade one hour before the ex- 
pected chill and repeated in thirty minutes if the stage of 
perspiration is not exhibited. 



New York and Vicinity. 



TARRANT FIRM BLAMELESS. 



TURNED HER HAIR GREEN. 



F'ire Marslinl's Report Fails to Place ReMponsikillty 

for Recent Fire ami E^xiilOMions — Case 

No-iT WitU District Attorney. 

The report of Fire Marshal Peter Seery, who conducted 
Investigations regarding the Are and explosions which 
destroyed the building of Tarrant & Co. and many ad- 
Joining it Monday, October 29, 1900, was submitted to Fire 
Commissioner Scannell Monday, December 31. 1900. In the 
report the fire marshal says the investigation has failed 
to reveal any evidence which would place the responsi- 
bility for the disaster on the firm or on any member of 
it. and, according to Marshal Seery, District Attorney 
Philbin will have an opportunity to make further investi- 
gation should he deem it necessary. 

The report states the storage boolss of the firm could 
not be found, having been either burned in the fire or 
destroyed in some other way, and the only man, appar- 
ently, who could tell what the building contained, was 
killed in the explosion. It also states there was no evi- 
dence that the building contained more than a legal 
quantity of combustibles or explosives, and no member of 
the Tarrant firm is implicated, nor does the report recom- 
mend any arrests. The report covers 300 typewritten 
jjages. 



THESE PASSED THE BOARD. 

A Lars;e Class Examined at tlie Final Meeting of 
tlie Xeiv Yorli City Board of Pliarniacy. 

Of the 181 persons who tried the December ex- 
amination of the New York City Board of Pharmacy the 
following 108, of whom seventy-eight are students of the 
New York and Brooklyn colleges of pharmacy, were suc- 
cessful: Julius -\lmour Joseph E. Anrig, Edwin J. Banz- 
hof, George C. Bate, William H. Bennett, Benedict 
Bockar, Harry J. Broughton. Jasper Cadmus, Edward J. 
Carroll, William A. Cole. Charles J. Cunz, George W. 
Dautel, Joseph De Giorgi, Theresa V. Donaghue, .\ugust 
Eichler, Ephraim L. Ennis, George M. Eve, Joseph Feely, 
Bradford B. Flint, Julius H. Florentz. Harry Goldschmidt, 
Salvatore Galluze, Benjamin Goldstein, Henry Goldwater, 
Alexander Gorga, Victor Halper, William Hammer, Her- 
bert B. Harding, George W. Hardwick. Elmer C. Hazard, 
Herman M. Hicks, Archie B. Hoover, Frank H. Howd, 
Mary E. Jacobus, Henry Joihannes, William Kaiser, Mor- 
ris G. Kantrowitz, Joseph I. Kassel, Otto Klingman, 
Komana Klinkowstein, William H. Kollmer, Jr., Godfrey 
Krepela, Thomas M. Lahey, Lillian Levine, Charles G. 
Luther, James F. Mur:son. John W. Murray, Isaac A. 
Myerson, David Nickelbank, William Nietsch, Henry K. 
Parker, Ralph Paul, Adrian Paradis, Albert S. Perpente, 
Charlotte G. Ransford, Markus Rosenberg. Salvatore 
Scavo, Frank G. Schafer, Charles A. Schenck, "William 
Schoelles, Hubert J. Straten. Henry J. Sroboda, Charles 
R. Suchy, Joseph Sykora, .\dele M. Thayne, Alice W. 
Thonger, Morris L. Tobias, William G. Turner, John A. 
Valentine, Clifford J. Vars, David Weill. David X. Wein- 
berg, Dorris W. Whipple, Jr., Bertram R. White, August 
F. A. Wiggers. Max W'olfram, Jr., Benjamin Beicove, 
Frederic H. Beteille, Thomas J. Broadhurst, Harry Claas- 
sen, Domenico A. De Lucas, Louis B. Epstein, Luzon J. 
Finch, Jr.. Myron F. Geary, Gennaro Gragnano, 'Edward 
Hoffman. William A. Kempf, Charles H. Klyachko. John 
Krack, William H. Kramer, Isaac Leaf, Morris Leibo- 
wich, Samuel Meyer. Adolph Mulstein. Samuel Radin, 
Thomas J. Rees. Robert E. Reilley, Saul J. Selkin. Mil- 
lard F. Scott, Frederick Spamer, Frank J. Stokien. Frank 
M. Sturzenberger, Samuel Tornberg, Bernhard Weinbaum, 
Katie Weiss, Frank A. Wildman, Edward S. Wolk and 
August Wurzler, Jr., 



Urussist Sued for $5,000 Uumai^eM. 

John Kieh!, a well known member of the German 
Apothecaries Society, and a druggist at Thirteenth street 
and Third avenue, has been made defendant in an inter- 
esting suit for $5,000 damages, the plaintiff being Lillie 
Verona, an actress, of No. 132 East Seventeenth street. 
Miss Verona claims she has sustained damages to the 
amount stated from use of henna leaves, which she pur- 
chased of the druggist some time ago to change her 
peroxide of hydrogen blond hair to titian red, but which, 
she alleges, colored it green instead. Miss Verona states 
that previous to using the henna leaves she had not 
"doctored" her hair for over a year, although she has 
been regularly employed in her profession, which, she 
states, demands a change of hair at regular intervals. 
She also alleges the "green hair" is permanent, according 
to the opinion of experts, who console her further by 
stating her hair will fall out. 

Mr. Kiehl is not worrying over the suit and has refused 
to consider any proposition of settlement, although he has 
been visited by Miss Verona'.s lawyer. 

He sold Miss Verona the best henna leaves to be pro- 
cured anywhere, and has made sales from the same batch 
of goods to many other persons who have used them in 
coloring the hair without any of the effects Miss Verona 
claims. 

Mr. Kiehl says Miss Verona's hair was not all turned 
green, but just in a few spots, and the color assumed was 
a very light shade of green. He thinks Miss Verona used 
something else with the leaves and he questions her state- 
ment that she has not colored her hair in "over a year." 

Mr. Kiehl will not be compelled to pay any damages 
should a verdict be secured against him. which he thinks 
is doubtful, as he is insured against loss from suit by the 
German Apothecaries Society, which in turn is protected 
by the Fidelity Casualty Co.. If the case comes to trial it 
will be watched with interest by druggists in the city. 



DRUGGIST DISAPPEARS. 



A Hoboken Drnssrist Has Been Missing: for a Month. 

Gustav Brandt, a well known druggist of Hoboken, 
N. J., who conducted a store at 700 Washington street, 
disappeared December 3, leaving no explanation behind. 
He wrote a letter several days following his disappear- 
ance to C. O. Hildebrand, who held a mortgage for $400 
on his store, telling him to foreclose as he would never 
"come to Hoboken again." His wife and two children 
were practically destitute, but through the kindness of 
Mr. Hildebrand they will be cared for. 

Since Brandt's disappearance all sorts of stories have 
developed concerning him. It was alleged that he had 
eloped, but this was proved entirely false; also that he 
had been gambling heavily and that some of his credi- 
tors were pressing him. Lehn & Fink had a judgment 
against him for over $400 and it is said he had outstanding 
bills amounting to nearly $4,000. 

Mr. Hildebrand has taken charge of the store and Fred. 
M. Eggers, who has been in Mr. Hildebrand's store at 
Third and Garden streets, Hoboken, for some time, has 
been made manager. It was rumored that Brandt had 
opened a store in New York under an assumed name. 



Xext Meeting Nerr Jersey State Pharmncenf leal 
Association. 

W. C. .A.lpers, chairman of the Executive Committee 
of the New Jersey State Pharmaceutical Association, is in 
communication with L. Rothenberg, druggist, at Long 
Branch, with reference to the quaUfications for holding 
the next meeting of the State association at that place. 



i6 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 190 1. 



THESE INQUIRED ABOUT. 

■\VHO IS ^VALTER O. DAVIS AND WHAT IS THE 
METROPOLITAN CHEMICAL. COSlPANYf 

The follow ing letter has been received: 

Chicago, Dec. 26. 

To the Editor: Have you had any report of fraud con- 
cerning the Metropolitan Chemical Co., of Washington. 
D. C. ? Walter O. Davis. Mgr. They have done us. On 

September 4. 1900. they ordered one half gross 

and paid September 2.3. Then they asked best price on 
quantity and after quite a little correspondence as to dis- 
count and terms they made an order for two gross. After 
thirty days we tried to collect but could not, and then 
placed it in hands of collector and he writes the company 
have given up their office and Davis, the proprietor (one 
who did the corresponding) has his office at his residence. 
They cannot get any money out of him on the claim. 
He lives in a nicely furnished house, but Is not given to 
paying bills unless compelled to do so. We write as this 
may save other firms from loss. 



AL. ROSESTHAl,. 

Recently members of the drug trade have been receiv- 
ing orders (with no remittance) from A. Rosenthal, who 
gis-es his address as No. 1.743 Madison avenue, this city. 
In response to one such request a Western house sent a 
package of goods C. O. D. These were returned to the 
express company by Rosenthal marked "flatly refused; 
not ordered." Readers of the Era will remember that one 
Al. Rosenthal figured as one of the gang of drug trade 
swindlers who were so frequently written up in this 
journal during 1S9S. The methods pursued by A. Rosen- 
thal suggest a kinship to "Al." of such malodorous fame. 
He is not rated in the commercial agencies and inquiries 
elicit no satisfactory information. 



HIGHER PRICES IN TilOY, \. Y. 



DFDSKists rnanimonsly Adopt I'rice Scbednle— 
i\o -More "Cut Kiites." 

Through the efforts of the Troy Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation, which was recently organized, the druggists of 
that city have agreed on a uniform minimum price 
schedule and it is now in effect. While conditions in the 
trade had not been so bad as in other sections of the 
State there was some cutting going on. but the reform 
movement has now included the cutting druggists. The 
price list adopted is as follows: All five, ten, fifteen and) 
twenty cent articles to be sold at full price; all twenty- 
five cent articles to be sold for not less than twenty-ono 
cents; all fifty cent articles to be sold for not less than 
forty-two cents and all one dollar articles to be sold for 
not less than eighty-four cents. All articles not included 
in the list will be sold at full prices. The agreement af- 
fects not only medicinal proprietary articles but infant 
foods and beef extracts. The members of the association 
are anxious to affiliate with the N. A. R. D. and may 
probably apply to the national body for membership in 
the near future. It was also agreed not to advertise the 
new prices, but permit the public to become acquainted 
with the schedule gradually. 



mXXER TO N. A. R. D. OFFICERS. 

H. L. Kramer, of the Sterling Remedy Company, who 
recently agreed to donate $1 of every $10 order for 
"Cascarets" received from retail druggists in the United 
States to the treasury of the N. A. R. D.. has sent out in- 
vitations to the officers of that organizatfon requesting 
their presence at a dinner to be given by him at the rooms 
of the Chicago Athletic Club, Tuesday evening. January 
8. At this time Mr. Kramer will present a check tor the 
amount due the X. A. R. D. under the terms of his offer. 
It is anticipated that about .$4,500 will be realized. It was 
intended to have the presentation made at a meeting of 
the Executive Committee of the N. A. R. D.. but in some 
manner the dates have become tangled and the call for 
the Executive Committee meeting has been made for Jan- 
uary 11 and 12. Arrangements are being made to settle 
upon a night during the week beginning January 7 for the 
meeting and presentation. 



THE NEW BOARD. 



Election of the All-State Bourd o( I'liiirniacy. 

Who will be chosen president of the new Board of 
Pharmacy, which begins Its existence next Wednesday, 
and who will be secretary-treasurer? While there has- 
been no open expression from the board It has been inti- 
mated that Robert K. Smither will be elected president. 
For the office of secretary-treasurer two persons have 
been talked of. They are Sidney Faber and W. L. Bradt. 
According to law the board will meet in the Albany Col- 
lege of Pharmacy January 7, but adjournment may be 
taken to Hotel Ten Eyck, where the first Informal meet- 
ing of the board was held. 



BROOKLYN C. P. STUDENTS MIMIC S.4XT.* C1..4i;S. 

As the result of a petition circulated by the senior class 
of the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy, the holiday vaca- 
tion for the 1901 students began Friday, December 21. 
instead of December 24. In celebration of the "victory" 
the students had a Christmas entertainment in the rooms 
of the college which, to use the words of one of those- 
present, was "one of the most unique gatherings in the 
college's student life." Gifts were distributed lavishly, 
each article presented being designed to represent some 
characteristic hobby of the recipient; but the real pleasure 
of the affair was found in the profound mystery which 
surrounded the mimic Santa Claus. The character was 
personated, without the usual costume, by the president 
of the class, P. Schapiro, who was assisted by the secre- 
tary, William Weigandt. As each member of the class- 
was called President Schapiro facetiously referred to the 
particular leaning of each to some fad or fashion, after- 
ward handing him the gift. A. "prize fighter" received a 
copy of the Police Gazette, a base ball fiend a base balU 
a "blushing youth" a box of pink face powder and so on. 

P.4.TERSON (N. J.) RETAIL DRUGGISTS' ASSOCIA- 
TION. 

At a recent meeting of the Paterson Retail Druggists' 
Association a price list was adopted which took effect 
December 24. The list is about the same as those adopted 
by other associations hereabouts, except in some prices 
which have not been raised as it was not deemed advis- 
able. One instance is the price of 50c. articles, which was 
advanced from 35c. to not less than 40c.; another is the- 
$1 articles, the price of which has been made not less- 
than SOc. Of the twenty-eight druggists in Paterson.. 
twenty-one have become members of the association, 
while the whole twenty-eight have declared in favor of 
the advanced prices, which is a guarantee, the members 
think, that the new schedule will be strictly maintained. 
The next regular meeting will be held in January, at 
which time the association will ask for membership in 
the N. A. R. D. 

CONCERNING ASAFETIDA IMPORT.IlTION. 

A meeting of the joint committee named at the last 
meeting of the Drug Trade Section of the Board of Trade 
and Transportation to inquire into and recommend some 
means of relief for the conditions governing the importa- 
tion of asafetida to this port, was held in the rooms of 
the Drug Trade Club Thursday afternoon, December 27. 
J. H. Stallman presided and there was a large number ir> 
attendance, including R. W. Moore, U. S. Chemist in 
charge of the analytical laboratory at this port. A resolu- 
tion was passed that Congress be petitioned to change 
the tariff schedule relating to asafetida to comply with 
the present trade conditions and requirements, which -have 
remained unaltered since 1S72. The resolution was re- 
ferred to the committee on legislation. 



JERSEY- CITY (N. J.) DRUGGISTS' ASSOCI-\TION. 

The next meeting of the Jersey City Druggists' Asso- 
ciation is scheduled for Tuesday afternoon, January 8. 
The meeting will be an interesting one. as a number of 
important matters on which different members have 
varying opinions will be brought upi The local situatioi> 
will also be discussed. The price list of the association, 
went into effect two months ago and there are some- 
interesting points in connection with its maintenance to. 
be reported. 



January 3, 1901.] 



NEWS AND TRADE DEPARTMENT. 



17 



CANVASS SATISFACTORY. 



DRUGGISTS IN GREATER NEW YORK FAVOR 
HIGHER PRICES. 

The Executive Committee of the Joint Conference Com- 
mittee met at tlie College of Pharmacy Monday afternoon, 
December 31. 100<1. and received reports from the eight 
canvassers who had been canvassing the city to secure 
signatures to the price list adopted by the Joint Confer- 
ence Committee. 

The reports were received as follows: 

District 1, Battery to 14th street, 147 stores visited, 142 
In favor, 1 opposed and 4 doubtful. 

District 2, 14th to 50th streets, 100 stores visited, 95 in 
favor, 2 doubtful and R opposed. 

District 3. 59th street to Harlem River, West Side, 114 
visited, 96 in favor, S doubtful and none opposed. 

District 4. 59th street to Harlem River, on 'East Side, 
87 stores visited, SO in favor, 5 doubtful and 2 opposed. 

District 5, Bronx, 75 stores visited, 74 in favor, 1 doubt- 
ful, none opposed. 

District 6. Brooklyn, 128 stores visited, 120 in favor, 4 
doubtful and 3 opposed. 

District 7, Brooklyn, 166 stores visited, 146 in favor, 7 
opposed. 

District S, Long Island City and Greenpoint, 26 stores 
visited, 24 in favor, 2 opposed. 

The work has been nearly completed, and it is expected 
It will be by Saturday. 

It was found that 855 stores had been visited, 777 had 
consented, 17 refused and 20 doubtful. 

A number of proprietors were not seen by the can- 
vassers because they were absent from their stores. 

The reports show about 98 per cent, of those seen in 
favor of the plans. The committee will meet again Sat- 
urday afternoon when the final reports will be made. 



BO'n'LED IN NEW CENTURY. 



Retail Drng-i^iKts Bo-n-leil Association's Welcome 
to 1!)01 — A Dinner and Bo^vling. 

During Christmas week the following invitations were 
sent to members and friends of t>he Retail Druggists' 
Bowling Association: 

R. D. B. A. 

Will you join the boys in howling the "New Tear in 
and the old year out. The 19th century out and the 20th 
in. 

Bring a package not costing over 25c. for Santa Claus 
(Wichelns). New Year's Eve., December 31, 8 p. m. 
Truly vours, 

GEO. E. SCHWEINFURTH. 

A large number responded and the passing of the Nine- 
teenth Century was commemorated with a series of 
bowling games. A dinner was served during the evening 
and Santa Claus (Wichelns) distributed his presents, 
which were made up of all sorts of strange things. One 
of the guests received what purported to be a box of 
cigars. On raising the cover a half dozen "link" sausages 
were revealed. Another received a rag doll and the others 
like gifts. 



CENTRAL NE1V YORK ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 



Graduates of Nctv York Colle^re of Plinrmacy 
Form Orgranizution at Utica — Event Cele- 
brated AVitli a Dinner. 

Nineteen alumni of the New York College of Pharmacy 
residing in the central part of the State met at Bagg's 
Hotel, Utica, Thursday evening. December 27, 1900, and 
formed "The Central New York College of Pharmacy 
Boys' Association." The meeting was originally intended 
to be a dinner and this was arranged, but during its 
progress the association was born and soon developed into 
the formation of an organization to be permanent. Arthur 
S. Evans, of Utica. was elected president and Frank W. 
Rutherford, of Utica, was named secretary-treasurer. 

Arthur S. Evans acted as toastmaster at the dinner 
and toasts were responded to as follows: "Fraternalism 
and Maternalism," Harry B. Ferguson, New York; 
"The Boys That Used to Be," T. E. Evans, 
Scranton, N. Y. ; "The Permanent Organization of 



the Central New York College of Pharmacy Boys' 
Association," G. L. Hager, Rome. N. Y. ; "Recol- 
lections of the Boys," Frank W. Rutherford, Utica;. 
"The Old Boys of 1890," Henry K. Preston, Utica; "Later 
Boys of '92." F. B. Williams, Schuyler Lake, N. Y.; "The 
Poetical Toastmaster and Funny Story Teller," Edward 
Martin, Utica; "The Reading Toastmaster," R. Roberts, 
Boonville, N. Y.; "Class of 1901," Joseph Di Glorgi, Utica;. 
"Pleasant Recollections," Messrs. Faass and Dwyer. 
■Beside those who spoke there were present H. Broughton. 
Rome; C. M. Beebe, Hamilton; Ralph W. Shaul, Daniel 
J. Sullivan, J. R. Vickers, of Utica, and Ray W. Johnson. 
Chadwicks. Regrets were received by telegram from C. S. 
Erb, G. A. Ferguson and T. Bruce Furnival, of New York, 
and by letter from H. H. Rusby, G. C. Diekman, John 
Oehler, Charles F. Chandler, Virgil Coblentz, William A. 
Hoburg and Thomas F. Main. 



N. Y. C. P. MEETING. 

At the regular meeting of the New York College of 
Pharmacy, No. 115 West Sixty-eighth street, to be held on 
Tuesday evening, January 15, the subject of "The Cin- 
chona Barks of the New Y'ork Market" will be presented 
by J. H. Stallman and discussed by Mr. Albert Plaut and' 
others. Mr. Stallman will illustrate his remarks by an 
elaborate series of specimens, and the college collection 
of barks and herbarium specimens will be exhibited by 
Prof. Rusby, the entire series of specimens constituting: 
probably the most extensive cinchona collection ever 
brought together in this country. 



LUNCHEON AT THE DRUG TRADE CLUB. 

To celebrate the passage of time from one century to> 
another the members of the Drug Trade Club enjoyed a 
table d'hote luncheon at the club rooms Monday after- 
noon, December 31, 1900, from 12 to 3 o'clock. The luncheon, 
was served at a uniform cost of sixty cents, and the 
pleasure of eating it was added to by the presence of an. 
orchestra of four pieces. The rooms were handsomely 
decorated with flags and bunting, and altogether the af- 
fair was a pleasant one. A number of private tables were- 
used by different firms. 



LAST MEETING NRAV YORK BOARD OF 
PHARMACY. 

The New York City Board of Pharmacy quietly passed! 
from existence Monday, December 31, 1900, at a meeting 
in the College of Pharmacy. The ordinary routine busi- 
ness was transacted, the annual report made up and the- 
moneys distributed. The board had $1,810.15 to divide, 
and this was apportioned as follows: New York College- 
of Pharmacy, ?1, 086.09; Brooklyn College of Pharmacy. 
$724.06. 

Allegred Robbery of Drug Store. 

Edward Tobin, aged 21, residing at the Glenwood lodg- 
ing house. Broadway and Roebling street, Williamsburg, 
was held for burglary by Magistrate Kramer in the Lee- 
Avenue Police Court, Borough of Brooklyn, Wednesday, 
December 26. Tobin was directly charged with forcibly 
entering the drug store of Dr. J. Pandolfo. No. 205 Union 
avenue, and having stolen a case of surgical instruments 
valued at $100 and other property. Acting Captain Hayes, 
of the Clymer street station, saw Tobin on Christmas 
night on Roebling street with the case of Instruments 
under his arm and questioned him. Tobin stated they 
belonged to Dr. Pandolfo, whose business card was found 
in the case. Tobin refused to discuss the robbery. He 
was held for trial. 



Another N. A. R. D. Offer. 

The Executive Committee of the N. A. R. D. has ac- 
cepted the offer of the Michigan Drug Company, of 
Detroit, to give to the treasurer of the national organi- 
zation fifty cents for every pound order for "Dabrook's" 
perfumes, price $3, received from retail druggists through- 
out the country. The offer is similar to the one recently 
accepted and more recently closed of the Sterling Remedy- 
Company. The offer will probably extend for sixty days, 
although the time limit has not been set. 



i8 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



DRUGGIST accide:ntal,ly iuiKNi<:n. 

Jacob Boclcar, who keeps a drug store at 1C92 Madison 
avenue, was severely burned about the hands and body 
Friday afternoon, December 28, while at work in the pre- 
scription department. He was using carbolic acid whsn 
the drug suddenly ignited, blazing up in Mr. Bockar's 
face. In trying to put the stuff away from hlra he over- 
turned the container, causing many painful burns to his 
person. His injuries fortunately are not of a serious 
nature. 



NOTES. 

■ — -Members of the Pharmaceutical Clerks' Association 
are discussing the advisability of holding a reception and 
ball during this month. They hope in this way to get a 
large number of clerks together, then appeal to them to 
intend meetings of the organization. The association has 
not held a meeting in some time, although calls have been 
issued for one and a few of the members have responded, 
but not enough to make a quorum. "It's a shame," said 
one of the members last week, "that we can't get the 
boys together. There is a lot of ways in which we could 
better ourselves if the fellows would only get around to 
meetings and talk things over. I think maybe the ball 
idea will have a good effect on them." 

A few days ago Schieffelin & Coniiiany and AVhitall, 

Tatum & Company secured judgments for $1,119 and $120 
respectively against Walter Fritz, who kept a drug store 
at 753 Greenwich street. Executions were secured on the 
Judgments and placed in the hands of Deputy Sheriff 
Prendergast. When the latter went to the store he found 
Joseph F. Evans in possession, armed with a bill of sale 
which had been given him by Fritz several days prior to 
the deputy's visit. 

"Business is beginning to get better," said a drug- 
gist who has been complaining of dullness for the last 
two months, "and I can't account for it. I was at a loss 
to explain why things were so dull before Christmas and 
now I can't understand why things are so much brighter 
when usually times are dull. The outlook for increased 
business is very good. 

During last week Judgments were secured against Ed- 
ward D. La Wall and Artliur C. Searles, doing business 
under the firm name La Wall & Searles, as druggists and 
real estate agent.s, by John Van Orden, for $525, and 
Isaac S. Zemen for $1,030. Mr. La Wall filed a petition in 
bankruptcy for the real estate firm about two weeks ago. 

Col. E. W. Fitch, manager of the New ^Tork branch 

of Parke, Davis & Co., gave a luncheon to the heads of 
the departments and representatives, numbering about 
twenty, at the Drug Trade Club, Monday afternoon, De- 
<'ember 31, litoo. The event was given in honor of Alex- 
ander Markel, manager of the Australian branch. 

A large party of travelers in this section for Parke, 

Davis & Co. enjoyed themselves at the home of Dr. Taka- 
mine, local chemist for the firm, Monday evening, Decem- 
ber 31. A real Japanese dinner w'as served. On New 
Tear's evening S. H. Carragan, manager of the travelers, 
took the whole crowd to the theatre. 

Among the druggists in the city the last week were: 

William M. King, of the King Drug Company, Raleigh, 
N. C. ; George F. Brown, Rahway, N. J.; J. T. Lawrle, of 
Russell & Lawrle, Tarrytown. N. T. ; H. B. Putnam, 
Rochester, N. Y., and W. C. Maguinnes, Boston, Mass. 

Through a mistake on the part of the Tax Commis- 
sioner a Judgment of $120 was secured by the City of 
New York against the Barrett Chemical Co., 344 Bowery, 
manufacturers of "Roachsault." The error was corrected 
by a member of the Barrett Company. 

The members of the senior class of the Brooklyn Col- 
lege of Pharmacy enjoyed a holiday outing Wednesday 
afternoon, December 26, in bowling at "The Arlington," 
Nostrand and Greene avenues, and a dinner was held at 
the same place in the evening. 

A meeting of the German Apothecaries Society will be 

held this evening. The matter of sending a representation 



to the Joint Conference Committee will be discussed. It 
is understood, unofflcially, that the society will vote to 
send a committee. 

Students of the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy took 

occasion to remember the "many little favors" done them 
by Dr. William Mulr during the last year by presenting 
him on Christmas Day with a sterling silver fountain pen. 

H. B. Ferguson, of the New York College of Pharmacy, 

spent the holiday vacation at his former home in Little 
Falls, N. Y. G. C. Diekman. also of the college, enjoyed 
Christmas with friends at New Haven, Ct. 

The Retail Druggists' Bowling Association "bowled" 

the old year out at Bunkama's alleys. Fifty-seventh street 
and Sixth avenue, Monday evening, December 31. Santa 
Claus presided and distributed presents. 

The Swift Pharmacy Company, of Jersey City, N. J., 

has recently incorporated to deal in proprietary articlee. 
Capital, $25,000. Incorporators; G. H. Powell, C. L. Heins 
and Jane Rollins. 

Charles A. Loring. New England representative of 

Lehn <t Fink, and G. I'". Ebers, Western Pennsylvania and 
Eastern Ohio traveler for the same concern, are in town 
for a short stay. 

The S. B. Goft & Sons Co., of Camden, N. J., have in- 
corporated to conduct a drug business. Capital, $250,000. 
Incorporators: S. B. Goff. S. B. Goff, Jr., and L. A. Goff, 
all of Camden. 

Nathaniel Nicolai, of the local traveling force of 

Parke, Davis & Co.. w^il leave shortly for Kingston, 
Jamaica, where he will spend some time on business for 
the firm. 

V. S. Mundy. formerly employed at the Kalish Phar 

macy. Twenty-third street and Fourth avenue, is now 
special bond agent of the New York Life insurance Com- 
pany. 

Harry Somerville, formerly with the Park Avenue 

Pharmacy, but who has been traveling through the South- 
ern States during the summer, has returned to the city. 

Wilbert E. Titus, credit man for McKesson & Robbins. 

and Miss Bertha Andrews, a former employe of the firm, 
were married Wednesday afternoon, December 20. 

B. Roubieck has recently purchased the drug store at 

161st street and Forrest avenue. Mr. Roubieck owns 
another store at No. 2,343 Eighth avenue. 

Edward MacSweeney, druggist, of Cork, Ireland, and 

lately arrived in this country, has come to try his fortune 
in American pharmaceutical circles. 

A slight fire occurred in the drug store of George 

Politz, No. 302 Stanton street, Monday, December 24. 
The damage did not exceed $100. 

Dr. John H. Bird, formerly of the local branch of 

Parke, Davis cS: Co., now of Chicago. Ills., spent Christmas 
week with friends in the trade. 

Dr. L. Marquet. who conducts a drug store at No. 142 

Bleecker street, has returned recently from Europe, where 
he spent several months. 

William H. Nichols, president of the Nichol's Chemical 

Company, of No. 11 Broadway, is ill with appendicitis at 
hie home in Brooklyn. 

O. H. Nagel. formerly with the Johnston Drug Co.. has 

accepted a position with G. C. Weber at No. 937 Manhat- 
tan avenue, Brooklyn. 

Jersey City has numerous cases of smallpox and as a 

result the druggists are disposing of large quantities of 
vaccine and shields. 

The drug store of Jacob Bockar, at No. 1,692 Madison 

avenue, was visited by fire Wednesday, December 26. The 
damage was slight. 

In accordance with an annual custom McKesson & 

Robbins distributed turkeys to their employes Monday, 
December 24. 

F. H. Merrifeld, of the local branch of Nelson, Balcer 

& Co., of Detroit. Mich, is in the South on a business trip. 

John J. Hannon has secured a Judgment for $541 

against the Westchester Chemical Company of this city. 



January 3, 1901.] 



NEWS AND TRADE DEPARTMENT. 



i^ 



Chas S. Ogden has recently accepted a position in the 

Dix Pharmacy, Fifty-sixth street and Sixth avenue. 

Wairen L. Bradt. of Albany, a member of the All-State 

Board of Pharmacy, spent Christmas in the city. 

P. J. Madden, a clerk in Byrnes' Pharmacy, Orange, 

N. J., died a few days ago after a short illness. 

A. E. Pickard. druggist, of Roslyn, Ij. I., who had been 

away on his wedding trip, has returned. 

The annual dinner of the Drug Trade Club will be held 

in the club rooms Tuesday, January 8. 



The Apothecaries' Bicycle Club made a tour of Staten 

Island awheel Thursday, December 27. 

John Sherman, of Meyer Bros. Drug Company, St. 

L,ouls, Mo., was in the city last week. 

Theodore L. Hepp has purchased the store of H. E. R. 

Little at No. 2,225 'Eighth avenue. 

—Charles N. Crittenton Co. has secured judgment 

against Sidney Bernstein for $124. 

Dr. R. B. Pratt, of Elmira, X. Y., visited the trade 

during holiday week. 



IN AND ABOUT BOSTON. 



MASSACHUSETTS DRUGGISTS REPRESENT THEIR 
STATE IN HIGH OFFICE. 



Several In the Honse of Representatives. 

Boston, Dec. 2',i.— Among this year's members of the 
Massachusetts House of Representatives are several men 
who are identified with the drug trade. One of these is 
Irving P. Gannon, who lives in Fenno street, in the Rox- 
bury section of this city, and has a pharmacy at the corner 
of Dudley and Warren streets, probably the busiest corner 
in all Roxbury. Mr. Gannon was born in Naples, Me., in 
1862. and after his boyhood days in public schools went 
to Bridgton Academy in that State, from which he was 
graduated in 1882. He later went to the Massachusetts 
College of Pharmacy, from which he was graduated in 
1SS9. Previous to his election to the House he had served 
faithfully on ward and city committees. He belongs to 
the American Pharmaceutical Association, the Massachu- 
setts Pharmaceutical -Association, the Roxbury Improve- 
ment Society, of which he is one of the board of trustees, 
and also the Young Men's Democratic Club of Massachu- 
setts. 

Harry Clifton Hunter, another member, lives in Marl- 
borough, where he was born. He has a drug store in that 
city situated on Alain street. In his capacity as pharmacist 
he worked from 18S9 to 1898 as clerk for C. D. Hunter, 
in the same city. Before that he had attended the public 
schools there, being graduated from the High School in 
1887, and he was graduated from the Massachusetts Col- 
lege of Pharmacy in 1889. He has served as ward and 
city committeeman and for three years has been chairman 
of the committee. He belongs to the Masons, to the 
Legion of Spanish War Veterans, to the Massachusetts 
Sixth Regiment, M. V. M., and the Sixth Regiment. U. S. 
V. He served as hospital steward in the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war. 

J. J. Desmond, who lives in Lawrence and has his 
pharmacy there, was born in that city in 1867. After at- 
tending the public schools and the Villa Nova College, 
near Philadelphia, for a three years' course, he worked 
for H. M. Whitney & Co.. Lawrence. He at one time was 
employed in the railway mail service between Boston and 
Troy, N. Y. In Lawrence he has served on the Common 
Council, being active in the committee on public property, 
finance, streets, accounts, etc., and was on the executive 
committee having in charge the semi-centennial cele- 
bration in Lawrence. At present he is a member of the 
Water Board of that city. He belongs to the Lawrence 
Lodge of Elks, the Massachusetts Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation and the American Pharmaceutical Association. 

Charles H. Preston, of Danvers, who calls himself a 
farmer, but who likewise is a chemist, is still another 
member of the House. Danvers is his native town and he 
attended the public schools there till 1879. going then to 
Amherst Agricultural College till 1883. Here he showed 
exceptional ability in physics and in 1884 was appointed 
analytical chemist at the Massachusetts Experiment Sta- 
tion. Amherst. From that year until 1891 Mr. Preston 
served as chemist, with Dr. B. F. Davenport, as inspector 
of 'milk for the city of Boston, and also as analyst of 
foods, drugs and medicines tor the Massachusetts State 
Board of Health. In Danvers he served as Selectman for 



a year, was on the sinking fund committee for two years 
and for several years was a member of the Republican 
Town Committee. He belongs to the Masons in Danvers, 
to the Knights Templar in Beverly, the Essex Club, the 
Danvers Historical Society, the Essex Institute, etc. He 
is a trustee and one of the investment committee of the 
Danvers Savings Bank, a trustee and clerk of the Peabody 
Institute (library) at Danvers and vice-president and 
director of the Danvers Country Club. 

BOLD ROBBERIES. 

Dnrgrlars Visit Four Drns Stores in Cambridge. 

Boston, Dec. 29.— Burglars started out one night this 
week to "do up" Cambridge drug stores. They succeeded 
in "doing " four of these places, as a result of which two 
men are likely to do time for their boldness. They each 
have been held in Sl.OOO bonds for the Grand Jury on the 
charge of breaking and entering the drug store of W. K. 
Smith & Co., corner of Bay and Green streets. Not being 
able to furnish bonds they were sent to the jail at East 
Cambridge. Both pleaded "not guilty." They were ar- 
rested early in the morning by two patrolmen, and it is 
claimed that besides the break charged in court they had 
also entered three other drug stores between midnight 
and 2 o'clock a. m. At the store of Walter Simonds, 
Columbia street and Broadway, some cigars and money 
were found missing, and about ?20 was taken from the 
money drawer of William Frazier's drug store at the 
corner of Harvard and Winsor streets, and still another 
smaller sum from Charles H. Roosa's, Harvard street. As 
all these places entered are in the same section of the 
University City the police think it more than probable 
that they were the work of the same men. At the first 
named store the burglars made their entrance by prying 
open a basement window. Some men living in the neigh- 
borhood had their attention attracted by the noise and, 
when they started to investigate, the thieves attempted to 
escape. A fight ensued in which one of the citizens had 
his arm injured. The men finally escaped, but a good 
description of them was given to the police and a search 
was begun resulting in arrest. Both prisoners are about 
twenty-five years old. The Smith store formerly was 
known as the McLean Pharmacy. The work evidently 
was that of "till tappers," and, consequently, the losses 
in all the stores were small. 



XOTES. 

The old saying that "the proof of the pudding is in the 

eating" has been modernized by the American Soda Foun- 
tain Company (successors to James W. Tufts), for from 
their house a pretty Christmas card was sent out. On one 
side a spray of pretty holly is shown and on the reverse 
is a representation of an old willow blue pattern of a 
platter bearing a great plum pudding in a canvas bag, the 
top of which is tied by a string. On pulling this string the 
bag falls apart and "A Merry Christmas to You and 
Yours " greets the eye. Then is found: "May the day be 
pleasant, the dinner good, the goose done to a turn, the 
pudding hot, with the right kind of sauce. May you re- 
ceive as gifts the things which you most desire, and may 
the day be, as It sheuld, the most enjoyable ene of all 



20 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



the year." The "Inside" of this pudding ends with "The 
proof of the pudding Is in chewing the string." 

Quincy has been a happy hunting ground for thieves 

and burglars of late, thirteen or fourteen places having 
been broken Into without apprehension of the culprits. 
The latest place visited was the drug store of Stephen 
Pierce, on Hancock street In that city, from whom almost 
-$33 In cash was stolen. It represented money belonging 
to the manager of Music Hall, and was for the sale of 
tickets conducted at the drug store. 

A Clinton woman, Mrs. Ernest Burdett, knows a thing 

or two about poisons and their effect, probably because 
her husband's two brothers own drug stores in that town. 
So, when a man there took a dose of carbolic acid on 
Christmas morning, and his life was despaired of, he was 
saved by the prompt action of Mrs. Burdett, who gave 
remedfes which caused him to part with a large portion 
of the dose. 

George B. Davis, of Winchester, Is president, and 

Frank W. Chandler, of Brookllne, Is treasurer of the 
newly formed corporation which has filed a certificate of 
■organization as the Standard Chemical Company, at Port- 
land, Me., for the purpose of manufacturing soaps, 
powders and washing fluids. The capital stock is $25,000, 
of which $500 Is paid in. 

Dr. George B. Brown, for a long time one of Win- 
chester's best known druggists, has just completed 
twenty-one years' service as postmaster of that town, of 
-which he also is town clerk. 

The oldtime Walter Baker mansion and estate in 

.Dorchester, which long has been a gold cure establish- 



ment, has been purchased by the newly Incorporated 
Colonial Club. 

The week's exports from the port of Boston Include, 

among other things, drugs and ch.mlcals, $4,248; India 
rubber manufactures, $20,251; tobacco, $6,265; wax, $285; 
spirits, $8,341. 

Mayor Charles L. Dean, of Maiden, senior member of 

Dean, Foster & Co., wholesale dealers In druggists' glass- 
ware and sundries, has been on a business trip to Con- 
necticut. 

Fred A. Hull, the Pittsfleld druggist, recently sold his 

Maplewood avenue residence and has since bought a house 
and lot on the corner of Oxford street and Brenton Ter- 
race. 

Burglars who this week entered the drug store of 

Young & Brown, at Winchester, secured for their trouble 
and risk of capture the sum of $12 from the cash drawer. 

Fire this week in a clothing store in Newburyport 

caused damage, principally by smoke, to other occupants 
of the same block. Including Paul Adams, a druggist. 

Three large, handsome new signs over the new 

Lafayette Square Pharmacy, in Haverhill, attract general 
attention. 

A small store now being erected at Megansett, nearly 

opposite the summer casino, is to be fitted for a new drug 
store. 

A part of Coven's drug store at Quincy has been 

rented by Dr. A. H. Byers, who will use it for an ofBce. 

E. E. Shedd, a druggist, of Eastport, Me., has been In 

Boston this week buying goods and seeing the town. 



PHILADELPHIA. 



CA9IDEN ASSOCIATION OF RETAIL DRUGGISTS. 

A Lively Organization Hard at AVorU. 

Philadelphia, Dec. 29.— Although organized but a month 
■or so ago, the Camden Retail Druggists' Association is 
going ahead in a way to set the example for some of its 
■older contemporaries. Fully 75 per cent, of Camden drug- 
gists are now members, and the remainder are rapidly 
swinging into line, and a committee is now hard at work 
on a price scale in harmony with that to go into effect 
in Philadelphia soon. A progressive euchre for the bene- 
fit of the treasury of the C. A. R. D. is to be held in the 
Temple Building, Camden, on January 31, 1901. The com- 
mittee in charge of its arrangements are: R. J. Haines, 
J. R. Moon, G. J. Pechin, W. P. Weiser and M. L. Brannin. 
The list of officers of the Camden association is now as 
follows: President, G. D. Barton; first vice-president, E. 
W. Collins; second vice-president, W. W. Flitcraft; secre- 
tary, C. L. Barrett; treasurer, G. J. Pechin: executive 
■committee, L. H. Wilson, G. M. Beringer, G. E. Kirk, W. 
P. Weiser and R. Willard. 



ROBBERY AND ATTEMPTED ROBBERY. 

. — Two of our leading druggists have had visits from 
burglars recently and in one case the victim is gunning tor 
big game as the outcome. Thanksgiving night W. W. 
Chalfant, who lives over his store at Fifteenth and Tasker 
streets, noticed a suspicious character loafing around the 
store, so when the night bell was rung about 2.30 a. m. 
and a man asked to have the store opened to get a pre- 
scription filled, Mr. Chalfant's suspicions were aroused 
and he questioned the caller closely before coming down. 
Calling his assistant, he went down to the store, but when 
the "customer" saw the two men coming he fled. In view 
of the fact that his store is a postal sub-station and that 
there is usually a large amount of money and stamp-s in 
the safe, Mr. Chalfant reported the matter to the police 
of the Seventeenth District and asked for an investigation. 
Now comes the strange part of the matter. Getting very 
little satisfaction from the police. Mr. Chalfant reported 
the case to the Director of Public Safety, Mr. English, 
through Mayor Ashbridge, and in reply received a letter 
from Director English stating that the attempted burg- 
lary had been part of a practical joke on Mr. Chalfant, 



and that while he knew the parties he was not at liberty 
to give their names! Unfortunately, Mr. Chalfant cannot 
see the humor of an attempted burglary of a postal sta- 
tion, to say nothing of his store, and declares that he will 
have the names of the would-be jokers yet. The other 
case has rather a sad aspect. Harry Casey, a clerk for 
H. G. Comp, Thirtieth and Diamond streets, lost his posi- 
tion just before the Christmas holiday and, it is supposed, 
made desperate by want of money and actuated by a de- 
sire to "get even," the young man made an attempt to 
break into the store Sunday night. He was caught by a 
policeman in the act of sawing through a door leading 
into t)he store from a back passage, and a full kit of 
burglar's tools was found with him. The young man has 
been employed in various stores here and bore a good 
reputation until of late, when he was suspected of tam- 
pering with Mr. Comp's cash register Thanksgiving night. 

NOTES. 

Prof. Remington has never yet been accused of being 

aught else but a very practical sort of person, although 
given to dreaming great dreams of the future of phar- 
macy, yet according to our daily papers he has been 
selected as a member of a committee of "leading citizens" 
to draw up plans for a settlement near this city in which 
ideal conditions are to prevail. This community is to be 
populated by workmen and their families and is to be run 
on a sort of co-operative scheme. Up to date no applica- 
tions for membership have been heard of from druggists, 
although there is no doubt that the lucky ones located In 
this "Utopia" will be saved from all cares and worries 
by our genial professor's foresight. It is rumored that 
the drug store of Utopia will have neither telephone or 
directory or sell stamps. 

A committee ot underwriters and a committee from the 

Trades League have been busy for the past few weeks 
drawing up an ordinance regulating the storage of com- 
bustible and explosive substances in city warehouses, and 
now the various details have been worked up and put Into 
shape for presentation to councils. Action on this new 
ordinance is looked for as one of the first of the new year, 
as Mayor Ashbridge is understood to be very anxious to 
have it put through without delay. The plans for an ade- 



January 3, 1901.] 



NEWS AND TRADE DEPARTMENT. 



21 



quate protection of the business districts by larger and 
more numerous water mains are moving along rather 
slowly, the trouble being the difflculty of finding money tor 
the expensive reequipment needed. 

The fame of the collection of curios made by Druggist 

Aug. Hohl, who Is also Common Councilman from nls 
ward, is spreading far and wide, and hardly a day passes 
without a visitor dropping Into the store at Fourth street 
and Girard avenue with a request to be permitted to see 
them. Mr. Hohl has probably what Is the finest collection 
in the city of photographs of American and foreign places 
of interest. 

The death of George V. Eddy at his home. Forty-first 

and Market ctreets, on Monday, the 24th Inst., makes 
another vacancy In the ranks of Philadelphia's oldest 
druggists. Mr. Eddy had been engaged in the drug busi- 
ness for nearly fifty years and had made an enviable 
reputation in pharmaceutical circles. 

F. E. HoUiday, chairman of the Executive Committee 

of the N. A. R. D., now located here as assistant to C. F. 
Shoemaker, chairman of the N. W. D. A. Proprietary 



Committee, has brought his family here and settled down 
In West Philadelphia. 

Nelson Fry, of Nineteenth and Arch streets, has pur- 
chased the store occupied by Mr. Cadmus at Twentieth 
and Mount Vernon streets, and will open a branch store 
there. Mr. Cadmus Is now at Twentieth and Spring Gar- 
den streets. 

C. N. Bohn has purchased the store and business con- 
ducted for so many years by Alonzo Bobbins from his 
estate, and is now making the necessary changes and 
alterations to bring It up to date as a model pharmacy. 

C. B. Ashton, one of Norristown's leading druggists, 

has been appointed by Governor Stone as Coroner of 
Montgomery County to fill the vacancy caused by the 
resignation of the present incumbent. 

The engagement of Miss Mary Barnard, of Camden, 

to O. W. Osterhund, of No. 4,600 Baltimore avenue, has 
been announced. 

H. G. Shinn, of Fifteenth and Master streets, has sold 

his store and retires from the drug business after many 
years' service. 



BALTIIVIORE. 



AN OFF WEEK. 



Baltimore Drng Trade Bon-Iers. 

Baltimore, Dec. 29.— The members of the Baltimore 
Drug Trade Bowling Club took a week off over the Christ- 
mas holidays and devoted themselves to other things than 
the knocking over of pins. Both on Tuesday, as well as 
last night, the diamond was deserted by the dispensers 
.and manufacturers of medicinal preparations, and nothing 
was added to the scores. Play will be resumed with re- 
newed energy next week, when the club also starts in on 
Its second series of games, and when the handicapping, 
based upon the showing made during the first quarter, 
will bring an interesting element of uncertainty into the 
contests. It was provided at the commencement of 
the season that the stronger club would be required 
to give the weaker one a handicap of halt the difference 
between their standing, and this provision will so even 
up matters as to give even the most backward quintette 
a chance for a prize. While the scores so far made have 
not been particularly high, a fair average has been at- 
tained and the interest has been well kept up. 



Qnlet All Alongr the Une. 

Baltimore, Dec. 29. — The advent of the holiday season 
caused a general suspension of those matters wnhich at 
other times engross the attention of the druggists of this 
•city. Neither the retailers nor the wholesalers took any 
action with respect to affairs of particular concern to 
them, all progress with respect to the suppression of 
price cutting and similar questions being deferred. No 
meetings of any kind were held and absolute quiet also 
prevailed at the Maryland College of Pharmacy. At dif- 
ferent times in the past entertainments and receptions to 
the students have been given, but this year the practice 
was omitted and the doors of the institution will remain 
closed until after New Tear. Some of the students went 
home to visit parents and friends, while others spent the 
holiday season by seeking various aiversions. The classes 
are making excellent progress and the members of the 
faculty express themselves as eminently satisfied with the 
standing of matriculates. 



NOTES. 

A peculiar combination is being attempted by the 

Stafford Hydraulic Company, a concern which was In- 
corporated several days ago In Maryland,, and which In- 
tends to manufacture medical instruments, open a marble 
quarry and engage in other occupations. The company 



has a capital stock of $5,000. Its incorporators are Edwin 
L. Turnbull, Max Skutsch., H. Palmer Chase and others. 

Max Kraemer, for a number of years a clerk in the 

pharmacy of the late Dr. Louis Horn, Myrtle avenue and 
Mulberry street, will shortly embark in the retail drug 
business on his own account. He has purchased a place 
in Hlghlandtown, a Baltimore suburb, and will open there 
in a few days. He enjoys the reputation of being a com- 
petent and painstaking compounder. 

H. L. Troxell. a retail druggist at the corner of Ful- 
ton and Riggs avenues, has special reason to make merry 
and extend his Christmas celebration over a week or two. 
He was married on Wednesday evening of last week and 
has gone on a wedding tour. 

The Charles E. Williar Company, of Baltimore, has 

been incorporated by Charles E. Williar Eugene Burke, 
Martin O'Hara and others, to manufacture flavoring ex- 
tracts, grocers' drugs, chemicals, etc. 



A La^T Snit Commenced By ^axlehner Agrainst 

Moritz Eisner and Joseph Mendelson to 

RecoTer Damages. 

A bill of complaint has been filed in the United States 
Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York by 
Emilie Saxlehner, of Budapest, Hungary, owner of the 
Hunyadi Janos Springs, against Moritz Eisner and Joseph 
Mendelson, the president and treasurer respectively, of 
the Eisner & Mendelson Co., of New York City, for the 
purpose of collecting from them, individually, profits 
which their company made by the "active and continuing 
fraud" (quoted from the opinion of the Supreme Court 
of the United States) by selling bitter waters Imitating 
the bottle and label of the Hunyadi Janos Water. 

The Supreme Court of the United States recently de- 
cided that the bottles and labels used by the Eisner & 
Mendelson Co. for the sale of bitter waters put on the 
market by it in large quantities for the last ten years 
were gotten up for the purpose of pirating (the Supreme 
Court called it a "case of undisguised piracy") upon the 
good will of the Hunyadi Janos Water, for which reason 
that court held the company accountable for all the 
profits made by it from the sale of these waters from the 
Inception of the business. 

Under the decision of the Supreme Court the Eisner 
& Mendelson Co. will have to pay over to Mrs. Saxlehner 
all the profits made by the sale of this imitation. 

The present suit started by Mrs. Saxlehner against 
Moritz Eisner and Joseph Mendelson. Individually, seeks 
to hold them personally accountable for whatever profits 
have been realized by them and their company and for 
damages inflicted upon Mrs. Saxlehner. 



22 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



CHICAGO. 



VETERAN URl'GGISTS MEET. 

Chloago, Dec. 27.— The Chicago Veteran Druggists' As- 
sociation held its quarterly meeting and dinner on Decem- 
ber 21 at the Union Hotel on Randolph street. Those 
present were Wllhelm Bodemann. Henry Biroth, Paul J. 
Behrene. W. J. Ba.Kter, John Bloclci. J. C. Borcherdt, A. 
E. Ebcrt. C. W. Crassly, T. X. Jamieson, F. J. Schroeter, 
Louis Woltersdorf, L. K. Waldron and Herman Weber. 

Mr. Biroth read an original poem for the occasion, 
touching in an appropriate way upon the meeting so near 
the end of the century. Mr. Blocki reported that C. 
Herman Plantz had been removed from the hospital to 
his home, but is still very ill. Mr. Blocki reported that 
Judson S. Jacobson is ill at his home with pneumonia. 
He also made a report of the Veterans' attendance at the 
funeral of the late Mrs. William K. Forsyth. President 
J. S. Barclay sent his regrets at his inability to be present. 

It was found that George McPherson, one of the 
oldest druggists of Chicago, is still living in one of the 
suburbs of the city. A committee consisting of Messrs. 
Woltersdorf and Borcherdt was appointed to call upon 
him. 

On motion of Mr. Bodemann it was ordered that at the 
next quarterly meeting each member give a brief biog- 
raphy of some of the old druggists of Chicago whom 
they had known in the early days. 

On motion the meeting adjourned. 



nowxiNG. 

Chicago. Dec. 27.— The .iverages of the seven highest 
men in the Chicago Drug Trade Bowling League up to 
the present time are as follows: 

Games. High. Aver. 

Lyon (Lord. Owen & Co.) 6 186 176 

Coulson (Lord, Owen & Co.) 8 204 173^ 

Barnet (E. H. Sargent & Co.) 8 19S 170V4 

Armstrong (Peter Van Schaack & Son) . .5 234 168 1-5 

Ohristianson (Truax, Greene & Co.) 5 225 164 2-5 

Clark (Bauer & Black) 8 183 160 2-3 

Meyers (Peter Van Schaack & Sons) 8 241 160 2-3 

The standing of the teams is as follows: 

■Won. Lost. 

Lord, Owen & Co 7 1 

Morrisson, Plummer & Co 5 3 

Truax. Greene & Co 4 4 

Peter Van Schaack & Sons 4 4 

E. H. Sargent & Co... 2 6 

Bauer & Black 2 6 



NOTES. 

Oscar Leistner, representing W. L. Strauss & Com- 
pany, of New York, in the West, and Ed. F. Mallory, 
J. B. Gordon and John Serwe. Western representatives 
of Lazell, Dalley & Co.. left for New York on December 
26 and v-ill return in about ten days with entirely new 



lines of samples. Mr. Mallory may gather In a new auto- 
mobile, too. 

W. A. Sallade. who represents Morrisson. Plummer & 

Co. in Wisconsin, has just completed his twenty-fourth 
year in the employ of that house. He is now In Chicago. 
He has been on the road more years than twenty-four, 
his first samples having been clothes pins. 

Traill & Cooling, of Austin, have been incorporated 

at the Traill & Cooling Company, with a capital stoclc 
of .S15.00O. The company will start a new store in Oak 
Park about January 1. 

-W. G. Taylor, general Western representative of Mor- 
risson, Plummer & Co., is in Chicago this week atte^ a 
visit to the Pacific Coast. He will remain about two 
weeks. 

A. G. Showers, who represents Morrisson. Plummer & 

Co.'s sundries department in the far West, is :n Chi- 
cago where he will remain a couple of weeks. 

J. A. Okonski, a druggist at 442 Noble street, was 

held up in his store one night last week and about $50 
in currency was taken frcm his cash drawer. 

W. M. Colwell, Indiana representative of Morrisson,. 

Plummer & Co.. is soon to join the ranks of the benedicts. 
The young- lady lives in Elkhart, Ind. 

Bodo Uhlendorf, who formerly owned a drug store at 

Thirty-first street and Wentworth avenue, has filed a 
voluntary petition in bankruptcy. 

P. M. Burroughs, who represents Morrisson. Plummer 

& Company in Iowa is to be married early next spring 
to a young lady of Chicago. 

The store of John L. Copelin. at Forty-first and Hal- 

sted streets, was damaged by fire this week. The los& 
was covered by insurance. 

A. V. Lane. Twelfth street and Wabash avenue, ac- 
companied by his wife, has returned from a two months* 
visit to Dixie Land. 

The George A. Graves Company. 3916 Ellis avenue, 

will soon be incorporated with a capital stock of J4,000- 

A. H. Sc'nroeder & Company have sold their store at 

1035 West Van Buren street to Henry Sherman. 

The Randolph Drug Company, of Chicago, has been 

incorporated vrith a capital stock of §10,000. 

W. D. Rushton, a well-known druggist of Elkhart. 

Ind., was in Chicago this week. 

Nelson Weed, a prominent druggist of Mankato, Minn., 

was in Chicago this week. 

R. M. Wilson has sold his store at 135 Ashland Boule- 
vard to John Byrud. 

N. H. Caywood. a druggist at West Point, 111., has 

gone out of business. 



THE NORTHWEST. 



St. Paul, Minn., Deo. 28. 
At the new century's opening gate. 

With life and death within his hands, 
Bent 'neath his various problems' weight. 

Yet buoyed with hope, the druggist stands. 

He sees the melting of the bands 
Wherewith the old Nineteenth hath bound him, 

And faces bravely all demands 
With which the Twentieth may surround him. 

Oh, toiler of the humble sphere, 

■Bearer of others' burdens sore! 
The crosses that so try thee here 

Must net a profitable store; 

For pride of work well done yields more 
In cause for gratulation fervent 

Than gains mere sordid ones adore — 
Oh, uncomplaining public servant! 



NOTES. 

George E. Shimmin, who has spent several weeks irt 

this State visiting old haunts and friends and looking- 
after his business interests, has returned to California, 
where he is concerned in an extensive laundry business. 
Here he was a druggist. 

Romans & Rohrbeck. Fourth and Wabasha strrjts, St. 

Paul, find that their recent cross street removal is proving- 
advantageous in every way. They are equipped -with new- 
furnishings throughout. 

Hill & Cockerill. Churdan, la., have been succeeded by 

■«•. J. Hill, and W. J. Jones, Frankfort, S. D., by Ed- 
wards & Co. 

J. D. Meurer has left Anoka, Minn., where he has beerv 

for several years clerking for Mr. Witte. 

G. H. Wells is leaving White Bear, Minn., and King 

& Co.'s employ. 



January 3, 1901. J 



NEWS AND TRADE DEPARTMENT. 



23 



ST. LOUIS. 



PITTSBURG AND VICINITY. 



PROPOSED PHARMACY' L.KGISI.ATION. 

St. Louis. Dec. 27.— What do the druggists of the State 
want in the way ot new pharmacy legislation? The 
Committee on Legislation of the Jlissourl Pharmaceutical 
Association and the members ot tlie Board of Pharmacy- 
are very anxious to have this question answered. The 
Legislature convenes only once in two years and will 
be in session this winter, so if anything in the line ot im- 
proved pharmacy legislation is to be obtained a start 
must be made at once. J. M. Love, ot Kansas City, 
chairman of the Committee on Legislation ot the Mis- 
souri Pharmaceutical Association, is using every effort 
to ascertain what the pharmacists ot the State desire 
In the way of legislation. The druggists ot this city 
have been so occupied with preparations for putting the 
N. A. R. D. plan in operation here that they have lost 
sight of the fact that it is time to look after new legis- 
lation. However, they can be depended upon to help in 
anything for the good of the cause. It will be remem- 
bered that St. Louis secured the first pharmacy legisla- 
tion in the State. It was a local law and provided for 
registration by examination only and also for assistant 
pharmacists, for whom there was an examination. It 
was a very satisfactory law and was only repealed when 
the State law was enacted. The main thing which our 
pharmacists now desire is legislation which will prevent 
phjsicians from registering as druggists on their medical 
diplomas. The Kansas City druggists seem to be in favor 
ot such legislation and are inclined towards re-registra- 
tion. Prof. Love would like to see a law similar to the 
one proposed by the A. Ph. A. enacted. 



XOTES. 

The Mound City Paint and Color Co. gave a banquet 

to their forty-five traveling salesmen on last Friday even- 
ing. The affair was held at the Mercantile Club. N. B. 
Gregg, president ot the company, acted as toastmaster. 
There were a number of short addresses and in all it was 
a very enjoyable affair. 

At the meeting of the Druggists' Cocked Hat League 

last Thursday night the following scores were recorded: 
Mound City Paints 4. J. S. Merrell Drug Co. 1; Eli Lilly 

Meyer Bros'. Drug Co.. 1; the Searle & Hereth Co.. 4; 
Moffitt-'U'est Drug Co., 1. 

-The Meyer Bros. Drug Co. received a telegram on last 
Saturday notifying them that they had won the N. A. 
R. D. prize offered by the Sterling Remedy Co. for selling 
the largest quantity of Cascarets. 

Solomon Bochm, druggist at Eighth and Morgan 

streets, was chairman of the Hall Committee tor the big 
charity dinner given at the Exposition building on Christ- 
mas day. 

Every employe of the J. S. Merrell Drug Co., from 

president down to buy-out boy, received a large Christ- 
mas turkey on Monday evening. 

-Frank Garthoffner is open'ng a new drug .store at 
Fourteenth and O'Fallon streets, in the building recently 
occupied by Leo J. Bele. 

-Bert Ward, of Junction City, Kan., is opening a new- 
drug store at that place. HU? stand was destroyed by 
fire a tew months ago. 

-Geo. Rankin has entered the employ of the Moffitt- 
West Drug Co. and will represent that firm in Southern 
Iowa. 

-■W. X. Hagsett has been employed by the Moffitt-'West 
Drug Co. to represent them in Central and Northern Iowa. 

-"W. T. Maris, of Franklin, Texas, is remodelling his 
store and putting in an entire set ot new fixtures. 

-F. O. Knight w-ill represent the Moffitt-West Drug 
Company in Arkansas after the first ot the year. 

-The Knob Lick Drug and Merchandise Co., ot Knob 
Lick, Mo., is putting in a drug department. 

-H. C. Brammeier has been appointed chief clerk for 
K. P. Bentz, at 2.500 South Broadway. 

The Russell Drug Co., ot Cedartown, Ga., are open- 
ing a new drug store at that place. 



To RcMtrirt .leld Sule. 

Pittsburg, Dec. 2tl.— A bill may be introduced at the 
next sesion ot the State Legislature to restrict the sale of 
carbolic acid. The large number ot suicides with this 
acid in this locality ihas made such action probable. Rep- 
resentative W. \V. Nisbet, ot the Fifth Pittsburg district, 
is a well known druggist and thoroughly understands the 
necessity for such legislation. Mr. Nisbet expects the 
State Pharmaceutical Association to take up this matter 
in connection with several other bills which it expects to 
have introduced into the coming legislature. Mr. Nisbet 
says in part: "The State Pharmaceutical Association has 
a number ot bills to present to the legislature. I do not 
know of any particularizing the sale of carbolic ac'd. but 
I firmly believe that the association would endorse such 
legislation. It w-ould be better to have the proposed law 
come from this source, and it is not too late to secure the 
co-operation ot the State body. All careful druggists will 
not hesitate to endorse such a measure. 



Aclulterateil Drag^s. 

Pittsburg. Dec. 29. — Informations were made before 
Alderman King, of the South Side, by an agent for the 
State Pharmaceutical Examining Board charging the fol- 
lowing druggists with selling adulterated drugs: 

W. J. Kiskadden. ot Etna, Pa.; William Knorr, of 
Rankin. Pa.; H. M. Frazer, and Charles Babst, of the 
Frazer-Babst Company, No. 640 Libertj- street: Charles A. 
Walther and Theodore Havekotte, of the Walther Phar- 
macy, Chestnut street, Allegheny, and Charles A. Walther 
and P. J. McCready, ot the Walther-Robertson Drug 
Company, of Sevent/h avenue. Other informations will 

follow. • 

NOTES. 

Lester L. Lorah, the well known druggist ot Penn 

avenue, w-as married to Miss Maude Kelly, daughter ot 
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Kelly, of Monterey street, .\llegheny. 
After a wedding trip in the East Mr. and Mrs. Lorah will 
reside at tihe home ol the bride's parents in Allegheny. 

Miss Mary Eisenheis. daughter ot the late George W. 

Eisenheis, will be married on December 31 to John F. 
Eggers, New York City. 



DETROIT. 

Detroit, Dec. 29. 

On Ja-Jnary 1, Harry T. Carver will complete his 

twentieth yea^ in the employ of Farrand, Williams & 
Clark. Detroit. Mr. Carver says he remembers well hie 
first day with the firm. He was but a lad and somebody 
taught him how to put up a "blue seidlitz powder" and 
then set him to work at making them. He kept at it 
for days and days and "still his wonder grew" where 
they would find people enough to take them all. Since 
that time Mr. Carver has run the gamut of positions with 
the firm, until he is now at the head of the city depart- 
ment. 

The traveling men for Farrand. Williams & Clark, 

Detroit, gathered from all parts to be present at their 
annual reunion and banquet last evening, Friday, De- 
cember 2S, at Hotel Ste. Claire. Most ot the men have 
been with the firm a long time, and there is a particularly 
strong bond ot friendship e-xisting among them. Every 
man ot them who could get there was present. 

L. C. Clark has purchased the drug stock of A. r^. 

Harris. Jefferson avenue, Detroit, and will run it as a 
br.anch store. 



Fine Toilet Souiis. 

Under the name ot Andre Dunois. the Eureka Soap Co. 
have prepared tor the drug trade a line of fine French 
toilet soaps manufactured in this country. This company 
offer these goods with the following guarantees: Not to 
sell this line of goods to any other trade than the drug 
trade; that every cake of soap made under the name ot 
Andre Dunois is absolutely pure, higjh grade, Frj-.ich 
milled soap: that Andre Dunois soaps are' the best at the 
prices at which they intend them to be sold. Read their 
interesting advertisement on page 2, and then write for 
catalogue to the Eureka Soap Co., Cincinnati. U. S. A. 



■24 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 






t 

* 



Business l^ccord. 



jt^jtjtJt,HJt 



•i- 

•2. 

•f 
•f 

We desire to make this a complete record of all new- 
firms, all changes in firms, deaths, fires and assignments 
which occur among houses connected with the drug trade 
in the United States. Our readers will confer a favor 
by reporting promptly such items from their respective 
localities. 

Subscribers to the ERA DRUGGISTS' DIRECTORY 
can correct their copies from the record, and the term 
"D. D. List." used here, refers to this directory. 

We exercise due care to insure the authenticity of 
Items here recorded, but they are obtained from such a 
variety of sources that their absolute correctness cannot 
be guaranteed. 

Address. THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. . 
New Yor k. 

ARKANSAS.— Hazen.—D. J. Bell, sold to John D. Ham- 
mond. 
X.I shville.— Hale & Hale, damaged by fire; insured. 
CONNECTICUT.— Hartford.-Raddfng Bros.. 183 Front 
street, succeeded by Aaron Radding. 
New Haven.— G. B. Hanover. 251 Howard avenue, 

sold to A. B. Simpkin. 
Union City.— J. J. Linskey, succeeded by Lanskey & 
Jones. 
FLORIDA.— Middleburg.-C. G. Williams & Co., sold to 

W. R. Chalker. 
ILLINOIS.— Chicago.— John H. Mell. 6256 Wentworth ave- 
nue, sold to Frank J. Hanus. 
Morrison.— J. H. Snyder & Co.. succeeded by J. H. 

Snyder. 
Roscoe.— L. S. Fyler. of the firm of L. S. Fyler & Co.. 
deceased. 
IOWA.— Buffalo.— C. L. Barewald. sold to August Eipper. 
Clinton.— N. N. Sturges. 2H Fifth avenue, succeeded 

by Sturges & Campbell. 
Corning.— A. J. Salts, burned out. 
Hastings.— George C. Chapin. deceased. 
MICHIGAN.— Saginaw.— Richter Bros.. 1200 Court street, 
W. S.. succeeded by Fred. A. Richter Jr. 
St. Joseph.— B. W. Ricabv sold to John C. Cole. 
NEW JERSEY.— Newton.— Charles Roe. deceased 
NEW MEXICO.— Raton.— Huber & Markle, sold to Mrs. 
Bella M. Fullinwider. 
Santa Fe.— Fischer & Co., succeeded by Fischer Drug 
Co.. inc. 
NEW YORK.— Caledonia. — A. K. Fowler, assigned. 

Henn- E. Brown. 50 Beaver street, assigned. 
OHIO.— Broadway.— J. B. Taylor succeeded bv T. D. 
Taylor. 
Grafton.— E. W. Mathews, sold to James W. Dick- 

ason. 
Lancaster.- George G. Beck & Son. lOS "West Main. 

succeeded by Moody & Co. Eber Hvde, 119 Main 

street, now Hyde & Ward. 
Perrysburg.- A. R. Champney. succeeded by C. P. 

Champney. 
Toledo.— F. H. McGrath. 211S Lawrence avenue, de- 
ceased. 
OREGON.— Silverton.— J. E. Hammond, sold »o J. A. Bris- 

bine. 
PENNSYLVANIA.— Grove Citv.— J. L. Campbell & Co., 

sold to R. G. Emerv. 
SOUTH DAKOTA.— Bryant —Enos & Co.. sold to P. A. 
De Lange. 
Rapid City.— W. L. Gardner, sold to C. N. Fallon. 
TEXAS.— Brownwood. — Abney, McQueen & Co., sold to 
W. H. Fowler. 
Red Oak. — Lee Prescott, sold to P. M. Parks. 



Labels. 

The last issue of the American Wine Press stated that 
a certain wine company had placed an order for a half a 
million labels, which was probably the largest single 
order ever placed by an American wine company. 

In February of 1900 the Welch Grape Juice placed an 
order for 700.000 labels and in November they placed an 
order for 1.000.000 labels. This excellent showing is evi- 
dence that Welch's Unfermented Grape Juice is appreci- 
ated. Welch's Grape Juice is the only advertised grape 
juice, it is the only one that it will pay you to handle in 
1901. 

The Welch Grape Juice Co. have carried no surplus 
stock over and their 1901 sales will be from the new 
stock. They make only unfermented grape juice. 

Th:s company has secured the grape juice concession 
for the Pan-American at Buffalo, 1901. On the grounds 
there will be a number of booths run by the Welch Co.. 
at which only Welch's Grape Juice will be served, and 
Welch's will be sold by the other 25 booths of the Con- 
cessions company. Welch's received the highest award at 
Paris. 

Send six cents in stamps for a self-pulling corkscrew to 
the Welch Grape Juice Co., Westfield, N. Y. 



V'arletj- Is the Spice of Life. 

This old adage is exemplified ever day by the remark- 
able advertising emanating from the Liquid Carbonic 
Acid Manufacturing Co. Trade paper adverti.sing has 
seldom, if ever, displayed such versatility as does the ad- 
vertising of the "Liquid." 'Each of their Inserts leads one 
to think that the height of originality and attractive de- 
sign has been attained, only to be agreeably disappointed 
the following month by a conception which surpasses 
everything that has preceded. Their insert this month 
contains four exceedingly interesting pages. 

The first is devoted to their line of "Liquid Fruits" for 
the fountain. At the top of the page is a fac-slmile of the 
label which appears on everj- package. 




The trite line "All fruits are not Liquid, but Liquid 
Fruits are all fruit except the sugar that's in them" is 
sermon in a very few words. It might be interesting here 
to say a word to the dispenser about "Liquid Fruits." At 
the expense of much money, skill and anxiety the Liquid 
Carbonic Acid Mfg. Co. have succeeded in giving to 
the soda water dispenser fruit syrups absolutely pure and 
of perfectly fresh fruit flavor; syrups which in quality are 
rarely equaled. No one knows better than the dispenser 
that the soda lover is exceedingly fastidious in regard to 
his favorite drink, and that anything which may be done 
to improve the character of soda water will redound to 
the benefit of the dispenser. At the lower right hand 
corner of the page is shown the jug in which "Liquid" 
fruits are shipped. It will pay you to become familiar 
with this particular package. The second page is devoted 
to several types of handsome onyx apparatuses manu- 
factured by the "Liquid Company," and the third page 
to a remarkably striking ad. of "Grape Kola," "The, 
New Nickel Maker. The page tells Us own storj- with 
very few words. The "Liquid Company" render every 
assistance to the dispenser in the advertising and push- 
ing of this most popular beverage, supplying attractive 
show cards, hangers and serving urns for its dispensing. 

The fourth page of the insert is devoted to the great 
line of carbonators manufactured by the "Liquid Com- 
pany." "Carbonators that carbonate." combining both 
the spray and agitators methods in one system. The mag- 
nificent "Niagara," "Perfection Electric," "Crystal 
Spray." Faultless," "Reliance" and "New Liquid." are 
shown in photographic reproduction on a black back- 
ground. 

The prosperity of the Liquid Carbonic Acid Mfg. Co. is 
due to the fact that they make the best goods and that 
they tell the truth about them in their advertisements. 
"Once a customer always a customer" is their motto, and 
they leave nothing undone to further the interests of their 
trade. Their houses are advantageously located all over" 
the United States in such manner as to put them In in- 
stant touch with the trade everywhere, and their line 
comprises everything from a straw to a soda fountain. 
Their new dispenser's catalogue is just out of press and 
will be sent to dispensers upon application. 




Nearly all college professors are now using 
Cube Morphine in illustrating their lectures, 
and for the purpose of showing how this form 
differentiates it from Quinine, etc. The New 
York Quinine and Chemical Works have made 
an enviable reputation for this product, and 
when you write N. T. Q. on your orders your 
jobber can always furnish. 



January 3, 1901.] 



NEWS AND TRADE DEPARTMENT. 



25 



PATENTS 

Trade-Marks, Designs, Etc. 



PATENTS. 
lS8ne<1 December ^o, 1900. 

<}64,37.';.— Bernhard Baron, London ,Eng. Drawing tap 
for aerated or carbonated water. 

€64,377.— Farnand Berlioz. Grenoble, assignor to La 
Soci^t* Chimique des Uslnes dii Rhone, ancienne- 
ment Gilliard. P. Monnet et Cartier. Lyons, l-'rance. 
Guaiacolated serum and making same. 

664.378. — Fornand Berlioz, Grenoble, assignor to La 
Soci^t^ Chimique des Usines du Rhone, ancienne- 
ment Gilliard. P. Monnet et Cartier, Lyons, France. 
Serum preparation for medical use. 

•664,437.— Thomas C. Sanderson, London, Bug. Treating 
white lead. 

•664,482.— Harry I. Jefters. Aberdeen, Miss. File for pre- 
scriptions. 

664,629.-Emil T. Franc and \V. I^. Cole. London. Eng. 
Apparatus for drawing off liquids in fixed quantities. 

■664,630.— Hans A. Frasch, New York, N. Y. Making 
sulfuric anhydrid. 

•664,709. — Alfred Ammelburg, a.ssignor to Farbwerke. vor- 
mals Meister. Lucius and Bruning, Hochst-on-the- 
Main. Germany. Rendering nitroso bases stable. 



TRADE MARKS. 
Rettlstered December 2S, 1900. 

35,634. — Remedies for diseases of stomach and intestines. 
Ramon Saiz y Carlos. Madrid, Spain. The word 
"Stomalix." 

35,6.35. — Blood purifier. Marie J. Pfunder. Portland, Ore. 
A pictorial representation of an infant's head. 

35,636. — Internal remedies for certain named diseases. 
Scott & Starling, Jacksonville, Tex. The letters 
"S S " with a star between them and a fly in the 
centre of the star. 

35,637. — Certain named proprietary medicines. S. B. Leon- 
ardi & Co.. Tampa, Fla. A •monogram composed of 
the letters "S B L" and the representation of a 
steering wheel. 

35,6.38.— Medicinal preparations for certain named dis- 
eases. Van Vleet-Mansfield Drug Company. Mem- 
phis, Tenn. The pictorial representation of a young 
lady, her face being in full or front view, the neck, 
bust and right arm bare and the latter being raised 
across the bosom and supporting loose flowing drap- 
ery, together with the representation of a leafy 
branch standing vertically over the left shoulder. 

■35,639. — Certain named chemical, pharmaceutical and sur- 
gical products and preparations. Johannes Arthur 
Sander, Hamburg, Germany. The word "Bacillol." 

35,640. — Chemical and pharmaceutical remedies. Charles 
W. Schroeder. Green Bay. Wis. The word "Sunrise." 

35,641.— Horse liniments. Leonie Medicis, vve. Tricard, 
The letters "J. B. A. T." 
Leonie Medicis. vve. Tricard. 
The representation of a field 



John Clifford Wilkinson. Kobe, 



Courbevoie. France. 
35,642.— Horse liniments. 

Courbevoie, France. 

scene. 
35,643.— Mineral water. 

Japan. The word "Tansan." 
35,651.-^Spruce gum. Abbot Augustus Low. New York, 

N. Y. The representation of a plurality of spruce 

trees in proximity to each other. 
35,667.— Chemical compound for purifying acetylene. 

Deutsche Gold and Silber Scheide-Anstalt. vormals 

Rossler. Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. The 

■word "Puratylen." 



7,955 

7,956, 
7,957 
7,967. 
7,968 

■3,969 



L,.\BEL,S. 

.—Title: "Red Cross Antiseptic." (For a Denti- 
frice.) Red Cross Chemical Company. Port- 
land. Me., and Boston, Mass. Application field No- 
vember 5, 1900. 

.—Title: "Erb's 'Never Chap.' " (For a Lotion.) 
Ludwig G. B. Erb. New Y'ork, N. Y. Application 
field November 15. 1900. 

.—Title: "Roman Liniment." (For a Liniment.) T. 
A. Farrell. Boston, Mass. Application filed Novem- 
ber 13, 190O. 

—Title: "Hale's Ton-A-Quin for the Hair." (For 
a Hair Tonic). The H. R. Hale Company. Hartford, 
Conn. Application filed November 21, 1900. 
—Title: "Oppeau's Treatment for the Hair." (For 
a Remedy for Baldness). J. Oppeau, St. Louis, Mo. 
Application filed September 19, 1000. 
—Title: "Seltone." (For a Catarrh Cure). Spe- 
cialty Manufacturing Company. Davenport, Iowa. 
Application filed November 23, 1900. 



7,970 
7,971, 
9,972. 
7,973. 

7.974. 
7,975. 
S,(K)5, 
8,006 

s.m'. 



(For a Medicine). Abraham 
N. Y. Application filed July 



—Title: "Red Raven Dentine." (For a Tooth and 
Mouth Wash). Meyer & Gleim. Cleveland, Ohio. 
Application filed November 19, 1900. 
—Title: "Dr. Mill's Pectoral Svrup." (For a Cough 
Medicine). Ludwig G. B. Erb, New York, N. Y. 
Application filed November 24. 1900. 
—Title: "Dreyfus' Pills." (For a Medicine). Naum 
Khasan, New York. N. Y. Application filed No- 
vember 21. 1900. 
—Title: "Kil-Kold." 
Meyers. New York 
•JO, 1900. 

—Title: "Eddie's German Sal-Lea." (For a Medi- 
cine). Smith Brothers, Lake Nebagamon, Wis. Ap- 
plication filed November 5, 1900. 

—Title: "Sierra Mineral Bath Crystals." (For a 
Compound for the Bath). Eugene Griswold San 
Francisco. Cal. Application filed November 22.' 1900. 
—Title: "Perluxe." For a lotion for the complexion. 
Ben Levy & Co.. Boston, Mass. Application filed 
November 30, 1900. 

.—Title: "Slusser's Gall Cure." For a gall cure. 
Aaron A. Slusser. Louisville, Ohio. Application 
filed December 3, 1900. 

—Title: "Bobbin's Fat Consumer." For a medicine. 
Fannie Bobbin. New Y'ork, N. Y. Application filed 
November 12 1900. 



DESIGNS. 

33,630.- Bottle. Chauncey J. Kilmer. New York N Y. 

Filed September 7. 1900. Serial No. 29,348. Term of 

patent, seven years. The design for a bottle. 
33.631.— Bottle. George W. Klumpp and Herman F. 

Klumpp. New York. N. Y. Filed November 10, 1900. 

Serial No. 36,135. Term of patent, seven years. The 

design for a bottle. 

33,684.- Syringe. Albert L. Gray, St. Louis, Mo., assignor 
to the A. L. Gray Syringe Company, of Missouri. 
Filed Oct. 22, 1900. Serial No. .33.977. Term of pat- 
ent 14 years. The design for a syringe. 



278.- 



PRINTS. 

-Title: "Jadway's Elixir for Infants." 
cine. Mrs. C. W. Wilson, Y'ork, Pa. 
filed October 4 1900. 



For a medi- 
Application 



A Prosressive Firm. 

We have before us the 1901 price list of standard phar- 
maceutical products manufactured by F. A. Thompson & 
Co., Detroit. Although this house is comparatively new. 
they have built up a fiourishing business, and with their 
main office and laboratories at Detroit, have established 
branch oflSces in Chicago, London, Eng., and Sydney, 
N. S. W. 

They now make a full line of fluid, solid and powdered 
extracts, concentrations and medicinal elixirs, syrups and 
wines, soluble elastic capsules and a large number of 
specialties; In fact, -with the exception of coated pills, they 
are now offering to the trade a general line of pharma- 
ceutical products. All of them are fully set forth in their 
new price list, a copy of which they will be glad to send 
to any drug buyer who is interested. 



Jauaar^ Leaders. 

Sponges and chamois form a part of every druggist's 
stock. In many instances the pharmacist can increase 
his business along these lines with greater profits to him- 
self and satisfaction to his customer if he will buy where 
can obtain the best goods at the most reasonable flgures. 
On the front cover of this issue Mr. Hart, the manager of 
the sponge department of Smith. Kline & French Co.. 
e.ills your attention to his "January leaders," and advises 
you to watch that space for monthly inducements in 
sponges and chamois. For their 1901 price list write to 
Smith, Kline & French Co., Philadelphia. 



The Relliihle Carboiintor. 

James W. Tufts has told you of many ways in which 
you can get the greatest amount of profit from your soda 
fountain. This week he calls to your attention his auto- 
matic Reliable Carbonator, which in two years has demon- 
strated that it is both practical and profltable for drug- 
gists to make their ov.-n soda water. For circular de- 
scribing this low priced carbonator write to the American 
Soda Fountain Co., successor to James W. Tufts, No. 282 
East Congress street, Boston, Mass. 



26 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901, 



»♦■»♦ ♦«♦«««♦♦««♦««■> 



1 THE NEWS OF THE WORLD. 

I . 

Compiled for the Special Convenience of 
Era Readers. 



•'OREIGX. 



The representatives of the Powers in Pekin have received 
from the Chinese Emperor a note acknowledging the 
receipt of the demands ot the Powers and asking the 
following live questions: First— Might not the Taku 
Forts remain standing, though dismantled? Second- 
Is it proposed to behead princes the same as other 
offenders? Third— If the demands are acceded to, 
would the allies cease sending out expeditions? Fourth 
—What places do the Allies propose to occupy? Fifth 
—How long do they propose to occupy them? 

The note of the Powers to China, it will be remembered, 
demands apologies, indemnities, monuments and pun- 
ishments to atone for last summer's outrages; access 
to Pekin to be kept open by razing fortifications and 
permitting foreign garrisons to hold the route to the 
sea; strict measures by the Chinese Government to 
suppress and prevent anti-foreign uprisings; more 
liberal treaty and diplomatic relations with the Powers 
and interdiction against the importation ot arms into 
China. 

Our Government has withdrawn nearly all our troops 
from China and has notified the Powers that the 
United States will not take part in any war that may 
be declared to enforce the demands outlined above. 

The Spanish minister at Pekin fears that the discussion 
over the note will last for a year or more. 

The French Government continues firm in its refusal to 
permit loot from China to be landed in France. 

SontU Africa. 

\ report prevailed last week in London that the Boer 
Commander De Wet had been captured, but a dis- 
patch from Cape Town says he is still trying to move 
southward and is being held in check. The British 
forces are activelv engaged in repelling the invasion 
of Cape Colony "and there has been considerable 
fi'^'htins. 

The sixth contingent of New Zealanders. 200 strong, half 
of them Maoris, will sail for South Africa in about 
two weeks. , , . ..^ ^ 

\ report from Cape Town last week had it that a 
■squadron of British TeomanrT.- had been entrapped and 
captured by the Boers. Later dispatches neither con- 
firmed nor denied the report. . 

It is expected in London that Lord Roberts will be re- 
warded with an earldom and possibly the Order of the 
Garter. General Buller's friends expect that he, too, 
will come in for a plum of some kind. 

Many disloyal Dutch in Cape Colony are joining the Boer 
invaders. Fifteen hundred, it is reported, have united 
with them at one point. 

TUe Pliilippines. 

It is expected by the naval authorities that the "Mos- 
quito fleet." under orders to the Philippines, will start 
on its voyage this week. 

Many prominent natives have been arrested in Manila as 
alleged insurgents under General MacArthur's recent 
proclamation. 

The Philippine Commission has completed the tariff bill 
for the islands and mailed it to Washington, and have 
taken up the question whether San Jose College, In 
Manila shall be under Church or State control. 

It is clain'ied that Phelps Whitmarsh. a newspaper cor- 
respondent who was recently appointed Governor of 
Benguet. Luzon, is a sub.iect of Great Britain, and as 
such it is held that he is ineligible. 

Secretary Root has decided that no further action can be 
taken with regard to the return of the Volunteers 
from the Philippines until Congress shall make pro- 
vision for their replacement. 

The Filipino Federal party has issued an address to the 
Provinces calling upon the natives to work for peace, 
and has cabled to President McKinley an expression 
of goodwill. Unfortunately, however, this party rep- 
resents only a small fraction of the Filipinos, most of 
■whom sympathize heartily with the insurrection. 

Reports of bureau chiefs who have been administering 
civil affairs in the Philippines show that some pro- 
gress has been made in bringing the native commu- 
nities to accept American rule. 

An Autonomy party has been launched in Manila at a 
meeting a'ttended bv virtually all the loyal Filipino 
leaders in the citv. All present signed the platform. 



Other Foreign Xevrs. 

Violent gales prevailed throughout the United Kingdom 
the latter part of last week, causing serious havoc 
ashore and many wrecks along the coast. 

The Swedi.sn Government has decided to supply t.\'i army 
with snow shoes. 



General U'lMde, 'h« Coionl ian Insirgcnt lead^-, :3 s:il<J 
to have leen defeated anl is letreatlng toward Venez- 
uela. 

Three hund'ed students have been arrested In 5t. P^'^irs- 
burg for propagating Socialistic doctrines. 

There was a strong earthquake shock at Port au Prince, 
Haytl. last week, causing much damage to property, 
but no loss of life. 



DOMESTIC. 

Go-vernuient Affairs. 

Carlos Martinez Silva. Colombian Minister for Foreign 
Affairs, has been appointed Minister to the United 
States and will soon sail tor this country. 

A Copenhagen dispatch says that the Danish Govern- 
ment is about to submit a fresh proposal to the United 
States Government for the purchase ot the Dani.sl> 
West Indies. 

The military court that Is investigating the Booz hazing 
case at " the West Point Military Academy is still 
taking evidence. 

The State Deiartment has been notified by American 
Charge d'Affairs Griscom. at Constantinople, ot the^ 
signing of a contract between the Turkish Govern- 
ment and the Cramp shipbuilding firm ot Philadel- 
phia, under cover of which the American missionary 
claims of $90,000 are to be paid. It is expected that 
a check will be sent by the Cramp Company to Secre- 
tary Hay for the amount when the Sultan pays for thfr 
cruiser, and this will end the diplomatic controversy. 
He has not paid the Cramps anything yet. however, 
and those who are familiar with his ways express a 
fear that this is merely a ruse to quiet our demands 
and postpone the evil day of paying his debts. 

Otber Domestic News. 

Figures just issued by the Treasury Bureau of Statis- 
tics show that our export trade has forged ahead of 
Great Britain's and now leads the world. Our ex- 
port trade for eleven months of 1900 was $1,308,913,789. 
while Great Britain's during the same period was 
$1,303,440,000. 

Chairman Jones of the Democratic National Committee 
denies that a movement is on foot to shelve Bryan 
as the party leader. 

Three nurses of the Bellevue Hospital in New York City 
were held by the Grand Jury last week for causing 
the death of an insane patient by violent treatment. 

The New Jersey Commission appointed for the purpose 
report that they have stopped the blasting that was 
ruining the Hudson River Palisades. 

The Department of Agriculture reports the wlieat crop- 
for 1900 at 522.229.503 bushels, and the corn crop at 
2.105,102,516 bushels. 

The first International Council ot Master Masons, colored. 
met in Jacksonville, Fla.. last week. 

Grover Cleveland said in a letter last week that he did 
not vole for McKinley. 

Mr. Bryan, in a speech at a dinner in Lincoln last week, 
said that he hoped to have as much intellectual en- 
joyment as an editor as he would have had in the 
W^hite House. It is estimated that his income from 
speeches, etc.. in the last four years has been greater 
than the President's salary. 

Moses Coit Tyler. Professor of American History in Cor- 
nell University, died in Ithaca last week. 

Andrew Carnegie has decided to give $20,000 to the Tus- 
keegee Institute for a library building, which will be 
erected entirely by student labor. 

The Saloon Keepers' Union of Buffalo have drawn up a 
bill for introduction into the next session ot the State 
Legislature providing that saloons in Buffalo may be 
kept open all night during the Pan-American Expo- 
sition. 

Enmlslous and Hixtures. 

Druggists who desire to obtain the best labor and time 
savmg apparatus with which to prepare emulsions and 
mixtures, should be interested in the advertisement in 
this issue ot the Era of J. H. Day & Co. They are offering 
their excellent emulsiflers at exceedingly low prices, and 
they make a valuable practical sifter and mixer which 
they sell for a little money. For prices write to them at 
either No. 1,144 (E) Harrison avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio, or 
No. 76 (E) Park place. New York. 



A \e-w- Connection. 

George A. Smith, formerly manager of the American 
Bicycle Co., Stearns & Waverly branch, at Boston, Mass., 
has been appointed treasurer of the Collapsible Tube and 
Metal Co.. of No. 247 East Forty-first street. New York, 
and has already entered upon the discharge of his duties. 
Mr. Smith is an active, energetic business man. and his 
new employers will gain by the change. 



The Cystogen Chemical Company, of St. Louis, has 

incorporated to manufacture chemicals: capital. $30,000. 
Incorporators. C. L. Lewis. C. M. Ralph, C. R. Judge and 
C. Caffall, all of St. Louis. 



January 3, 1901.] 



NEWS AND TRADE DEPARTMENT. 



27 



Associations, Boards and 
Colleges. 

TORREY BOTANICAL, CLUB. 

The Torrey Botanical Club (New York) met Thursday 
evening. November 13. The scientific program consisted 
-of an account by Dr. Britten o£ his recent trip to Paris, 
where he represented the United States at the Inter- 
national Congress of Botanists. The first day, Mon- 
-day, October 1, was given up to organization of 
the Congress. The next day a visit was made 
to the Jardin des Plantes under direction of M. 
■<;orine, and some papers were read. An important 
one was by Prof. Flahault, of Montpellier, on the rela- 
tions of herbaria and botanical gardens. On succeeding 
■days, in addition to reading of papers, visits were made to 
private herbaria and gardens. On Friday, October 5, 
there was a continuation of a discussion begun pre- 
viously in regard to future congresses. It was decided 
that the next one should be held in 1905 in Vienna. On 
Mondny, October 8, there was a discussion on unification 
of plant and animal nomenclature. On the last day, 
October 10, Professor Britton read a paper on the "Flora 
•of the Klondike Region." Dr. Britton also spoke hriefly 
-of the botanical and horticultural exhibits of the Exposi- 
tion and of the large amount of museum and horticul- 
tural material which he was able to secure. After leaving 
Paris Dr. Britton visited the Swiss Botanical Garden at 
Zurich and went to Frankfurt and Wiesbaden. He spent 
si.x days in Berlin, which he describes as the most active 
botanical center of the world. From Berlin he went to 
Kew and Kensington, where he found considerable 
■changes from the conditions at his last visit nine years 
tefore.— Tracy E. Hazen, Secy, pro tem. 

Wednesday evening, Nov. 28.— The scientific programme 
consisted of a paper, soon to be printed, by Mr. Fred- 
erick H. Blodgett, on "The Seed and Seedling of Lilium 
vennitolium Fisdh," in which the seed characters were 
3)resented in detail, and with comparisons with those 
of Erythronium. Interesting differences were found in 
the size of the Liiium seeds, about 95 per cent, of which 
germinated, the small seeds as quickly as the larger, 
though with less vigorous subsequent growth. 

On Tuesday afternoon, December 11. the club met at 
the Botanical Garden, at Bronx Park. 

The programme included a brief address by Prof. 

■"Charles E. Bessey, a visit to the Garden Conservatories, 

with explanations by Dr. Britton, and an exhibition 

by Misp Anna M. Vail of valuable books recently added 

to the Garden library. 

J. B. Kirkwood presented a paper "On the Embry- 
ology of the Cucurbitaceae," R. M. Harper exhibited a 
very interesting series of specimens and pliotographs 
and plants from Georgia, and gave notes on their habitat 
and distribution. Dr. J. K. Small described a series 
of tree and shrub specimens from the South, with critical 
notes. Dr. D. T. MacDougal presented notes on the 
"bulbils of Lysimachia terrestris. These bulbils are formed 
during the latter part of the season, in the axils of 
many leaves, and are morpholog"caliy branches. On com- 
pleting their growth, they pass into rhizomes. They are 
killed by freezing and desiccation. 

Another paper was by .Dr. M. A. Howe, "Remarks 
on Rare North American Hepatieae." The first 'hepatic 
discussed was Riccia Beyrichiana, a species which was 
discovered about seventy years ago "between Jefferson 
and Gainesville, North America," by the German traveler, 
Beyrich, and has of late been a subject of considerable 
doubt, inasmuch as nothing of the kind has been met 
with since. Now, however, it has apparently been re- 
■ -discovered by R. M. Harper, who found it during the 
last summer at Athens, Ga. This locality is scarcely 
more than twenty miles from where it was evidently 
first collected. 

Dr. Howe also furnished a brief account of a col- 
lection of Hepatieae made in the Yukon region by Mr. 
R. S. Williams, a collection of much interest, inasmuch 
■ as it contained one species which appears to be entirely 



new, one which has not heretofore been reported from 
this continent; five others new to the Alaska region, and, 
besides these, two or three which have been rarely col- 
lected in America, The report upon Mr. Williams Ue- 
paticeae is soon to be published. Adjournment followed. 
—Edward S. Burgess, Secretary. 



GROUGIA UOARI). 

The Georgia State Board of Pharmacy met on Novem 
ber 2li in Atlanta for the examination of applicants tor 
license to practice pharmacy in Georgia. The board in- 
augurated examinations in practical dispensing in addi- 
tion to the other branches, George F. Payne, of the 
board, having been made a special committee to get up 
the prescription desks, apparatus and drugs for such 
examination. The work was made possibie'by the State 
Pharmaceutical Association voting a sum for the purpose 
to the State Board of Pharmacy. The membership of 
the board is as follows: S. C. Durban, Augusta, chairman; 
George F. Payne, Atlanta, secretary; Max Morris, Macon; 
C. D. Jordan, Monticello, and J. G. Dodson, Americus. 
Both the report of the chairman and of the secretary 
proved of much interest. The recent action of the board 
in publishing the licensed druggists by counities has 
met with much approval, as it indicates the determina- 
tion of the board to keep up with just who are licensed 
In each county and town in the State. The practical 
dispensing is also a feature that has taken quite -well 
with the pharmacists generally. The practical dispensing 
was under the charge of one of the new members, J. 
G. Dodson. The examination in this branch was managed 
most excellently, and with much more satisfaction to 
themselves than the board thought would be possible 
at the initiation of such work. There will be an in- 
creased number of prescription desks at the next ex- 
amination^ so that more work may be required of each 
man. There were sixteen applicants for license, who 
were examined by the board. Thirteen passed as follows: 
Pharmacists— George C. Reid, Augusta; Robert B. Spear- 
man, Social Circle. Apothecaries— J. B. Davenport, Au- 
gusta; John Epps. Atlanta; J. T. Freeman. Ladonia, Tex.; 
V. Haskorec, Baxley; Isaac Sewell, Cave Spring; George 
H. Turner, Rico. Druggists— John R Anderson (colored), 
Atlanta; T. L. Barrett, Dublin; J. R. Brown, Lavonia; 
F. B. Durham, Greensboro; Mrs. Helen Westmoreland. 
Atlanta. Three of the applicants failed. The next meet- 
ing of the 'board for the examination of applicants for 
license will be held in Atlanta, on Monday, March 25. 



AN UNDULATORY THEORY OF ODOR. 

The efforts of physicists to bring the phenomena of 
smell into line with those of the other senses have so far 
met with little success. The fact that the eye and ear 
perceive objects at great distances led to a close investi- 
gation of the mechanism of the propagation of light and 
sound, and thus was laid the foundation of the undula- 
tory theories that form so large a part of the teachings 
of modern science. But the mechanism by which we 
smell at a distance is still in doubt, although It has 
usually been held that this sense is essentially one with 
that of taste and that both require actual contact between 
the sense organ and the object smelled or tasted. The 
apparent propagation of smell to a distance would then 
be due to the fact that all odorous substances are more 
or less volatile, and that their material particles, in the 
form of dust or vapor, are wafted to the nostrils through 
the air. But there are many who are not satisfied with 
this explanation, and from time to time efforts are made 
to bring the phenomena of odor into line with those of 
radiant forms of energy. The latest of these, made by 
Messrs. Vaschlde and Van Melle, is described in the 
Revue Scientiflque. The writer of the notice calls our 
attention to the fact that we have not advanced beyond 
the ancient Greek philosophers in our conception of an 
odor. He says: 

"The classic view of odor is that held by the ancient 
Greek physicists. It asserts that the essential condition 
is that the particles of odoriferous substances shall be- 
come detaehc>d. and fioating aliout in the air, shall come 
into close contact with the mucous membrane of the 
nose. Physics has long since replaced theories of emis- 
sion by those of undulation in the domains of hearing 
and vision; but with smell we arc still of the opinion of 
Democritus. 

"The h.s-pothesis of emission is based experimentally 



28 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 3, 1901. 



only on Inductions whose le^tlmacy Is far from toeing 
established . . . and the nature of odors has never 
been definitely defined. The arguments that seem to be 
in favor of this hypothesis can be summed up under two 
beads as follows: 

"1. Odors are carried by the air. and to smell it is 
necessary to introduce Into the nostril the air that bears 
the odoriferous effluvium; that is. the air must be snuffed 
up. 2. If we shut up odoriferous substances in a her- 
metically sealed box, their odors can no longer be per- 
ceived. 

"To these arguments the authors reply as follows: 

•'1. Sound is also carried by the wind, and so Is hea^ 
under certain conditions; but we do not consider them as 
due to detached particles, but rather as forms of energy 
that may be displaced under certain circumstances. 

"2. If we shut up a source of light in an opaque box, 
the sen.satlon is intercepted. Substances transparent to 
light may be less so to heat and still less so for Roent- 
gen rays. It would them be natural to suppose that sub- 
stances opaque to light would also intercept the hypo- 
thetical radiations of odor. 

"The authors' hypothesis may be formulated thus: 
Odor docs not proceed from direct contact between de- 
tached particles of the odoriferous body and the nerve 
terminals, but indirectly, by means of rays of short wave 
length analogous but not similar to those now regarded 
as the cause of light, radiant heat, the Roentgen phenom- 
ena, etc. The chief presumptions in favor of this view 
are as follows: 

"1. The history of science shows us that we have 
gradually come to recognize the fact that our sensations 
come, not directly from bodies, but rather from the sur- 
rounding medium. 

"2. The olfactory nerves have the same cerebral origin 
as the optic nerves, and this special condition distinguishes 
them from the other sensory nerves. ... It is very 
probable that their functions are also similar. 

"3. Odoriferous chemical substances, belonging to the 
same group, produce absorption bands in the spectrum, 
that approach nearer to the end of the spectrum as their 
specific gravity increases. At the same time, the odors 
of the substances occupy the same order of succession as 
the absorption bands. 

"4. Odors have the power of absorbing radiant heat, 
which shows that there is a close relation between them. 

"5. Odorous substances lose neither weight nor volume, 
or in any case such loss is insignificant, unless the sub- 
stance is volatile. 

"6. There are many bodies whose particles detach 
themselves, or which, in other words, vaporize easily, 
and yet have no odor; and there are other bodies that 
have powerful odors and yet, so far as we can see, send 
out no detached particles 

"7. There are substances each of which, taken sep- 
ately, gives out a considerable odor, but which, mixed 
together, without forming any new chemical compound, 
neutralize each other's odors completely; for instance, 
coffee and iodoform. This phenomenon presents an anal- 
ogy with what takes place when a cold and a hot sub- 
stance are mixed; they neutralize, in a certain sense, 
tihe sensations due to each when they act separately. 

"8. The colors of substances have been studied with 
the view of investigating the so-called odoriferous efBuvia, 
and it has been found that the absorption of the odors 
varies with the colors. 

"9. Fatigue may take place for a single odor, while 
the sense of smell remains intact for all other odors; just 
as the eye may be fatigued for the red rays, while it is 
still very sensitive to tihe other rays. 

"10. The air is not the sole carrier of odors, for in- 
vestigations made by Messrs. Vaschide and Toulouse show 
that one may plainly perceive an odor when the nostrils 
are filled with an odoriferous solution 

"Such is the new hypothesis, which seems to be in line 
with all the data of modern science. Waether, at the 
beginning of the century (laiS) vaguely agitated the pos- 
sibility of a dynamic theory of odors and inclined to 
believe that they were propagated in a manner similar 
to light, heat, sound, etc., but he was still ignorant of the 
nature of these phenomena. 

"This hypothesis opens up new possibilities, and the 
existence of an olfactory wave brings odors into the uni- 
versal system of undulation and vibration which is an 
essential form of life." (The Literary Digest.) 



INDEX TO THIS NUMBER. 

Acid, Carbolic, Sales 23 

Amylenol ft 

Asafetida, Importation 1ft 

ASSOCIATIONS Clubs. Alumni, Etc.— Camden, N. J., 
20; Central New York College of Pharmacv Boys, 
17; Chicago Veteran Druggists, 22; Jersev City, 
N. J., IB; New Jersey, 15; New York Drug Trade 
Club, 17; New York Pharmaceutical Clerks' 18; 
Paterson, N. J., 16; Torrey Botanical Club,' 27; 

Troy, N. Y 1ft 

Bismuth Subnitrale 12 

BOARDS OF PHARMACY.— Georgia 27; New York 

City. 13. 17; New Y'ork State. 16; Pennsvlvania 4 

BOWLING, DRUG TRADE.— Baltimore. 21; Chicago, 

22; New York Retail Druggists, 17. IS; St. Louis 23 

Business Morality 7 

Business Record 24 

Chemistry, Study 10 

Cinchona Alkaloids. Formation 3 

COLLEGES OF PHARilACY.— BrooKiyn. 16, 18; 

Maryland. 21 ; New York 17 

Cotton Silicate 14 

Drug Clerk. What Can Be Done for Him? 5 

Dusty Trades, Dangers 13 

EDITORIALS.— Austria Admits Women Pharmacists, 
3; Era and Its Complete Service, 1; Passing of 
the Old Century. 2; Sale of Narcotics in Ala- 
bama 3 

Epistaxis. Alumnol as Remedy 3 

Ether Amyl-Salicylique 6 

r^xtract Mountain Sage, Fluid 14 

Haemorrhoids, Treatment, Aeseulus Hippocastanum. . . 6 

Ink. Glossy 14 

NEWS LETTERS.— Baltimore. 21; Boston. 19; Chi- 
cago, 22; Detroit, 23: New York, 16; Northwest, 

22; Philadelphia. 20; Pittsburg. 23; St. Louis 23 

News of the World 26 

Odor. Undulatory Theory • 27 

Paper "Flock" 13 

Patents, Trade Marks, etc 2» 

Pennsylvania Prosecutions 4 

PERSONAL. Including Obituaries. Items of Personal 
Interest, etc.— American Soda Fountain Co.. 19; 
Bokar. Joseph. IS; Brandt. Gustav, 15; Carver, 
Hjrrv T.. "23; Cvstogen Chemical Co.. "26; Davis, 
Walter O., 16; Desmond. J. J., 19; Eddy. George 
v.. 21; Gannon, Irving P.. 19; Goft & Sons Co., 
S. B., IS; Hunter. Harrv C, 19; Jones Chemical 
Co., Enos F., 28; Kiehl, John. 15; La Wall & 
Searles. 18; Lee Co.. A., 28; Maiden. P. J.. 18; 
Metropolitan Chemical Co.. 16; Michigan Drug Co., 
17; Prescription Pharmacal Co., 28: Preston, 
Charles H.. 19; Randolph Drug Co.. 28; Rosenthal, 
Al.. 16; Smith, George A.. 26; Stafford Hydraulic 
Co., 21; Swift Pharmacv Co.. 18;; Tarrant & Co., 

15; Tobin, Edward. 17; VVilliar Co., Charles E 21 

Nuts. Physic 14 

Physic Nuts 14 

Slag. Basic 14 

Soap, Ox Gall 14 



The new building of Leech & Ellis, wholesale drug- 
gists, of Glasgow. Ky., is about completed and will be 
occupied by the firm in a few days. The former quarters 
of the firm were destroyed by fire the first of last year. 

A new corporation in Kansas City Is the Prescription 

Pharmacal Co., manufacturing chemists; capital. S50,000. . 
Incorporators. G. H. T\'yckoff, X. "«'. Wyckoff, C. E. 
Waldron, E. L. McCormack and L. W. Holmes. 

The A. Lee Co.. of Methuen, Mass., has incorporated 

to manufacture and sell chemicals, etc. Capital, S40,000. 
Incorporators: Frank W, and Ashton Lee and Joseph T. 
White. 

The Enos F. Jones Chemical Company, of Jersey City, 

has incorporated. Capital, ?50.000. Incorporators. John 
M. and Enos F. Jones and William A. Aldar, all of Jersey 
City. 

Miss M. St. Clair Ransford, class '98, New York Col- 
lege of Pharmacy, has accepted a position at the Boule 
vard Pharmacy, No. 2,781 Broadway. 

The Randolph Drug Co., of Chicago, has incorporated; 

capital, $10,000. Incorporators, J. B. Synnestvedt, E. F. 
Lindrooth and T. E. Milchrist. 

JiE^^ ADVERTISEMENTS IN THIS WEEK'S ERA. 



American Soda Fountain Co. 5 

Chattanooga Med. Co Cov B 

Chesebrough Mfg. Co 15 

Dav & Co.. J. H 21 

Doane, Chas. R 16 

Eureka Soap Co 2 

Fairchlld Bros. & Foster. . 

Cov A 

Humphreys' Homeo Med. Co 3 
Liquid Carbonic Acid Mfg. 
Co Insert 



New York Quinine & Chem. 

Works Cov D 

Phillips & Co.. John 24 

Robinson Co., H Cov B 

Saftord. C. 1/ 1» 

Sa.\lehner. A 10 

Scott & Bowne 8 

Smith, Kline & French Co. 

Cov A 

tTnited Mining & Mfg. Co... 2* 
Welch Grape Juice Co. Cov I> 
Zeno Mfg. Co Cov I> 



The Pharmaceutical Era» 



EVERY THURSDAY. 



VOL. XXV. 



NEW YORK, JANUARY 10, 1901. 



No. 2. 



Entered at the Xew Tork Post O ffice as Second Class Matter. 
ESTABLISHED 1887. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 

Published Every Thursday, at 396 Broadway, New York, 
BY D. O. HAYNES & CO. 



SUBSCRIPTION RATES: 

U. S., Canada and Mexico $3.00 per annum 

Foreign Countries in Postal Union 4.00 per annum 



ERA "BLUE BOOK."— These Price List editions of the 
Era, issued in January and July, will be sent free to 
all regular yearly subscribers. 



ADVERTISING RATES ON APPLICATION. 



ADDRESS, The Pharmaceutical Era, 



Telephone: 2240 Franklin. 

Cable Address; "ERA"— New York. 



NEAV YORK. 



SEE LAST READING PAGE FOR COMPLETE 
INDEX TO THIS NUMBER. 



Subscribers are strongly advised to save the 
Weekly Change Sheets, which are printed sep- 
arately especially for their convenience. To 
those who so desire we can supply for this pur- 
pose a very convenient Clip File at 50 cents each, 
postpaid. 



TO SUBSCRIBERS! 

Our subscribers will notice that our Weekly Prices 
Current of Drugs and Chemicals has. this week, been 
transferred from the main portion of the Era to the 
"Trade Section," where, we believe, it will be more 
convenient and useful. 

The prices in this list are carefully revised every 
Monday, and subscribers can depend upon them as 
being prices ruling in the New York market on that 
date. As a guide in making your purchases and 
checking your invoices, we are sure you will find 
this Prices Current useful and profitable. 

It should be remembered that these prices are for 
the average quantities usually bought by retail drug- 
gists, and for larger quantities and original packages, 
lower prices should be expected. 



The January edition of our complete Price List 
of Drugs. Chemicals and Proprietary Goods (the 
"BLUE BOOK") is now in rapid preparation, and 
we expect to furnish copies to all subscribers before 
the end of this month. 



The Manufacturers' Price List Changes are at- 
tractin.g increased attention. Several more manu- 
facturers have assured us that they will use this ser- 
vice, and we shall be glad to have our subscribers, who 
are interested in these Changes, remind the manu- 
facturers of the convenience it will be to their cus- 
tomers to have their changes published in these 
"Change Sheets." 



PURE FO*D BILL. 

It is probable that a pure food bill will pass 
the present session of Congress, although legis- 
lation of this character has been born only to 
die with each session for a dozen years. There 
has never been any open fight against the idea 
of pure food legislation. It has been the in- 
variable case that committees to which pure food 
inlls have been referred have considered them 
favorably, and that when any such bill has come 
to a final vote in either the House or the Senate 
the vote has been in favor of the passage of the 
bill. However, the opposition to such legisla- 
tion has always been strong enough to prevent 
any bill of the character passing both houses. 

In a bill like the Brosius bill, now on the 
calendar, the interests affected are so extensive 
and varied there has always been active opposi- 
tion if not an open fight. 

One reason is that some have sought to take 
advantage of pure food legislation to secure cer- 
tain legislation seeking to advance the inter- 
ests of their own business at the expense of their 
rivals. The Brosius bill as originally drafted was 
no exception to the general rule, and several of 
its provisions were of such a character that they 
prevented its passage at the last session of Con- 
gress. The bill has been materially changed in 
some respects since it was introduced and other 
changes are proposed. The measure known as 
the new Brosius bill has very little, if any, oppo- 
sition. It seems to be more generally satisfac- 
tory than any of its predecessors. Of course, it 
does not suit every one, but that cannot be ex- 
pected, and there are some opposed to it who are 
opposed to any legislation on this question, be- 
lieving it cannot accomplish any good and that 
the best way to improve the character of food 
and drugs is to depend on competition and 
rivalry between manufacturers. 

But the Brosius bill in its newly modified 
form seems in a fair way to pass. The greatest 
opposition heretofore has come from certain 
baking powder interests, which claimed that in 
its original form the bill fixed a standard which 
only the makers of one kind of baking powder 
could meet and which would consequently force 
out of business the makers of other kinds. This 
position has been met and a concession granted 
in the shape of an amendment providing that in- 
stead of labeling to show the substances entering 
into a food preparation, it shall be labeled with 
the resulting substances which are left in the 
food produced when ready for consumption. 



30 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1901. 



Another amendment seeks to give to any person 
accused of adulterating food the right of appeal 
to the courts, regardless of any standard that 
may be fixed by the Department of Agriculture. 
So now the former most bitter opponents of 
the bill are urging its passage, and it is believed 
that enough influence will be e.xerted to send it 
through to final enactment. 



HIGHER COST WILL NOT DECREASE 
CUTTING. 

To the Editor; My attention has been called to your 
editorial, "Will They Reduce Prices," in the Era of De-. 
comber 27, and I take the liberty of sending- you my views 
on thi.s subject. 

From many years' experience in the drug business in 
its \'ariuus branches I feel somewhat competent to express 
an apinion on this subject. I want to assert first, that it 
don't make so much difference what a druggist pays for 
an article— the real question is: What can he make on it? 
It is the opinion of many manufacturers that it is just 
as profitable to the druggist to pay them ?9 per dozen 
for a proprietary article as it is for him to pay $7.50 per 
dozen. The reason for this is. that if the margin between 
the dozen and the retail price is too great it is sure to 
bring in the cutter and the druggist is unable to get the 
full price. Personally. I ibelieve that druggists would 
make more money if they had to pay $9 per dozen for 
all the staple .fl preparations, and at least ?S for those 
which haven't so active a sale. On this basis every drug- 
gist would be sure of his profit, because there would not 
be that temptation for the cutters to push these goods and 
use them for baits. 

In my opinion it would be a serious mistake for the 
manufacturers to reduce their prices when the stamps 
are taken off. If it gets noised about through the public 
and the trade that there has been a reduction in the 
price of patent medicines by the manufacturers, the re- 
tailers will have to come down, and they will be in worse 
shape than they are now. 'WTiile on the other hand, if 
the manufacturers don't make any reductions, and let 
it be known that they are going to spend the additional 
income they get in advertising, it will give the druggists 
a good reason for not reducing their prices, and will 
cause less disturbance in their trade. 

Nearly every druggist now makes a line of his own 
preparations upon which he is compelled to put stamps. 
If these stamps are removed -will he reduce the retail 
price of his own preparations? 

If the manufacturer does reduce his dozen price, doesn't 
it stand to reason that the retailer will have to follow 
suit and reduce his retail price? Then where does the 
retailer gain? 

I am a regular reader of the Era, and as a rule agree 
with its policy. I know that you are a warm friend of 
the retail druggist and admire you for it, but in this in- 
stance I must disagree with you. It is not for the best 
Interests of the drug trade for manufacturers to reduce 
their prices, because if they do, the retailers will have 
to reduce their retail prices and it will cause a great deal 
of disturbance in the sale of these goods, which are to- 
day, as a whole, on a better liasis for the retailer than 
they were before the Stamp Tax went into effect. 

In this connection I want to say that I believe the 
manufacturers make a serious mistake in not keeping in 
closer touch with the druggists. I speak from my ex- 
perience as a druggist. It would remove a lot of friction 
if manufacturers would cater more to the retail druggists 
and not ignore them so much. They ought to advertise 
in the drug journals more than they do and not take the 
high-handed position that they are going to force the 
druggist to handle their goods. The day is past when 
the manufacturer can force the druggist to handle his 
goods to any great extent. There are altogether too 
many firms putting up non-secrets who will supply the 
druggist with his goods which he can sell at a profit. 
Very truly yours. 

JUSTICE. 

Our correspondent's argument would have 
more weight if his facts were right. His as- 
sumption that cutting is not indulged in on 
articles costing $9 a dozen is wrong. The price 



ihc druggist pays for an article is not what 
causes it to be cut. Cutting is regulated by the 
popularity of the preparation, the extent to 
which it is advertised, etc. The worst cut ar- 
ticles in the trade to-day are those very ones 
whose manufacturers charge the retailers most 
lor them. Our correspondent says it does not 
make so much difference what tlie druggist 
])ays for an article, but what he can make on 
it. \'ery true ; this is the question exactly. For 
two dollar-preparations, the one costing $9, the 
other $8, the druggist can get in most instances 
only the same price for each, not a full dollar, 
but 67 or 75 or 80 cents, as determined by the 
extent to which cutting is practiced in his 
locality. This being so, if he sells these two 
articles at, say 80 cents, he makes considerably 
more on one than on the other. 

Our friend further assumes that the retail 
druggists generally raised their prices on pro- 
prietary articles when the stamp tax law went 
into effect. This is not so. In only a very few 
instances were druggists able to raise these 
jMMces enough to cover the cost of the stamps. 
The great majority made no increase whatever. 
The case was different with some manufacturers, 
however. They took the opportunity not only 
lo add the cost of the stamps to their goods, but 
in some instances several times the cost, and 
this increase the retailer has been forced to 
stand, without being able to get a penny more 
from his customers. 

There niav be among the manufacturers the 
lielief that the price of a proprietary article 
should be raised to $9 or so, but this will not meet 
very much favor from the retail trade. The re- 
tailer believes that his profit, even at full marked 
prices, is no more than just, when he buys his 
goods at $8, $4 or $2, and these figures were 
a part of the N. A. R. D. platform a year or 
so ago, but have been allowed to retire into 
innocuous desuetude. The retailer, however, 
rarely gets full price for a proprietary article, 
and if he is asked in addition to his sacrifice 
of profit through cut rate practices, to further 
stand increased cost, he naturally feels as if he 
were not getting a square deal. 

Our correspondent's argument does not seem 
to us to have much soundness, and we are quite 
confident that it will not be favorably received 
by the great bulk of the retail drug trade. 



THE NEW LAW. 

The new pharmacy law for the entire State of 
New York is now in force. The new board has 
organized, as told in the news pages of this issue, 
and everv one is trying to bring order out of the 
chaos which necessarily attends the passage from 
the old conditions of three boards acting under 
dissimilar regulations to one board under one 
law which must harmonize differences and ad- 
just difficulties. Several of the leading features 
Qf the new law are radical departures from tradi- 
tion and previous custom, and there is likely to 
be some friction and vexations before all gets 



January lo, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



31 



to working smoothly, but here's hoping there'll 
be no serious trouble. The individuals who pro- 
pose testing the constitutionality of several fea- 
tures of the law do not seem to have material- 
ized anything tangible yet in the shape of a pro- 
gramme of action, nor is there any money in 
sight for expenses, but something may come of 
it all. Just now, however, the thing to do is to 
observe the law as it is, not as we would wish 
it. So, druggists, come up to the secretary's of- 
fice and register your store, give the required 
information about all those in your employ, and 
don't forget the fee. 

WOULDN'T IT JAR YOU? 

The newspapers of last week reported that Dr. 
^^'illiam West, a young osteopath of Centreville, 
la., announced at the State meeting of osteopaths 
a new method for curing tuberculosis. He said 
he had tested it on ten patients and all had re- 
covered. The essence of the treatment consists 
in vibration of the spleen, releasing the phago- 
cytes that prey on bacteria. Osteopathic treat- 
ment to strengthen the alimentary canal and 
lungs is also used and patients are put on special 
diet and kept in good air and light. 

This seems very simple. All one has to do 
is to give the spleen a good shaking occasion- 
ally. We should be prepared for some interest- 
ing sights, if this treatment meets favor. 



ROCHESTER APATHETIC. 

Some weeks ago an attempt was made to get 
the drug trade of Rochester, N. Y., to organize 
and work under the N. A. R. D. plan. But it 
did not work. Nearly all the druggists ex- 
pressed opposition to the plan, thought it would 
not work, that it would be short-lived. So, there 
you are ! The nearest approach to a better con- 
dition of affairs in that city consists of a price 
list of patent medicines, adopted last September, 
which a few, only a few, of the druggists are try- 
ing to live up to. But Rochester is in rather bad 
shape, and it is not improbable that the N. A. 
R. D. wall get after it soon hot foot and try to 
make something respectable of its drug business. 
There are some bad cutters who need attention. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL. PROFESSION: A TOAST. 

At a banqet of the Nebraska, Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion, A. W. Buchheit, of Grand Island, responded to the 
toast, "The Profession," as follows: 

"To my mind the one thing above all others that a 
pharmacist should not be called upon to do is to talk. 
When we begin to tell what we know the profession will 
be ruined and chaos will reign in the world at large. 
What would become of fhe physician who prescribes salt 
and water for the imaginary ills of unsuspecting women if 
his secret were not buried deep in the loyal heart of his 
co-adjutor, the druggist? What domestic toll would sur- 
round the poor unfortunate who waits In the early morn- 
ing upon our doorstep W'ith an aching head if we were to 
tell his wife what kind of headaches result from business 
worry? How many pillars of churches who pass the 
saloon door in indignant disdain, would like us to disclose 
their trips behind our prescription case for medicine 
only? How many sweethearts would be constant If they 
possessed the druggist's knowledge of their fair ones' com- 
plexions? From whence would come the attractiveness 
of dainty feet if our corn plaster department should re- 



veal its secrets? In short, how long could the spirit of 
mortal be proud but for the discreet silence of the mem- 
bers of our profession? 

"And yet, for all his loyalty, for all his watchful care 
over the welfare of humanity, how Inadequately Is the 
poor pharmacist rewarded! He leaps from his peaceful 
slumbers at the call of the night bell, only to pierce hl3 
tender foot upon the tack of disappointment. He walks 
the streets in the pride and glory of his manhood, slips 
upon the banana peel of public ingratitude, treads upon 
his pedigree and unjoints his spinal column. He sells 
for credit to his friends, and the undertaker gets their 
cash. And for the wholesome remedies taken from his 
wife's cook book the doctors reap the rewards. 

"But his position is not without its advantages. He 
need never lacerate the tender feelings of his wife by 
refusing to eat all that she may place before him. Ho 
is able to consume her contortions of cookery with the 
assurance that behind his counter is that which wnll undo 
their evil effects. He need not scout through the alley 
with a tin can under his arm, for in the recesses of his 
cellar he finds all that makes life rosy and dispels the 
weight of responsibility under which he must stagger all 
his days. He alone should give voice to the prayer of 
the Publican and thank Almighty God that he is not like 
other men; and, though his remuneration is scanty, he 
lives on in confidence that in Heaven he shall find his 
reward. 

"Alchemy, mesmerism and theosophy have their eras 
of confidence and despair, and even the immortal Schlatter 
bids fair to rob us of our trade, but not for long. The 
life of the lawyer is interspersed with many vicissitudes 
of success and failure, and even a physician will some- 
times work a cure. The various professions and callings 
flash now into the sunlight of prosperity only to sink agaiik 
into the depths of adversity, while through all the whirli- 
gigs of time the staid goddess of Pharmacy trudges on 
in the even tenor of her way, holding out on either side 
the supporting arm of the Good Samaritan. And so 
long as mankind is afflicted with warts, so long as the 
erring human family will pour into its stomach that which 
steals away its rest, so long will the pharmacist continue 
as the safeguard, the dispenser of comfort, and the one 
great and living necessity of his fellowmen. Since the 
days of my youth, through the long months of my early 
manhood, when I persistently endeavored to compound 
gutta percha with aqua miraculous, I have been, and 
unto my dying hour shall ever be. proud of my meniber- 
ship in that glorious profession without which the world 
must cease to wag." 



AMBER.— The specific gravity of amber is from l.OS- 
to 1.10. Amber contains only 0.2 per cent, of ash, and its 
composition approximately corresponds to the formula 
CioHiaO. The residue left on its dry distillation forma 
amber pitch, which is easily soluble in turpentine and lin- 
seed oil, forming a valuable material for the manufacture 
of varnishes and lacquers. In the India rubber industry 
amber is used for the manufacture of various cements. 
The imitations in celluloid of amber have been super- 
seded by the product known as pressed amber. This is 
obtained by subjecting finely ground shavings and cut- 
tings of amber in hydraulic presses to, pressures of over 
1,000 atmospheres, whereby compact blocks are obtained 
possessing all the appearance of amber. Genuine amter 
is readily distinguished from its substitute by its be- 
havior towards polarized light in which it shows only 
very faint colors, whereas the pressed article exhibits 
a brilliant display of interference tints. (Gumml-Zeit.) 



FL'RFURAL IN BEVERAGES.-Sir T. Lauder Brunton 
and Dr. F. W'. Tunnicliffe consider that furfural is the In- 
gredient in raw alcohol l>everages and crude spirits, whlcb 
occasions the toxic symptoms observed in addition to the 
ordinar>- alcoholic intoxication. They point out that 
this toxic aldehyde is present in all raw spirits, and even 
in beer to a less extent, being derived from the pento- 
sanes of the cellulose of the grain husks. The toxic 
action of furfural on animals and on men was demon- 
strated by the authors, and the absence of secondary 
symptoms in animals intoxicated with aldehyde-free 
alcohols was proved. In man, a dose 0.1 Gm. of furfural 
gave rise to acute neuralgic-like pain at the back of the 
neck, followed by a persistent dull headache. Incidentally 
it is noted that ammonia, which is usually aui Ingredient 
in the matutinal "pick-me-up," Is the most efficient anti- 
dote to furfural poisoning. (Lancet: Ph. Jr.) 



32 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1901. 



THE INDIAN AND COLONIAL ADDENDUM TO THE 
BRITISH PHARMACOPCEIA. 



So long ago as 18S6 suggestions were made that the 
Pharmacopoeia should be extended In scope and rendered 
more serviceable to India and the Colonies than a 
peculiarly British volume could be. When the vast extent, 
involving immense ranges of temperature and differences 
of climate, of the Empire is considered, it is immediately 
evident that no book, unless it took into consideration 
the needs of every portion of the dominions could prop- 
erly serve as a standard throughout the whole of the 
British possessions. 

Dr. Attfield, F. R. S., who was for thirty-four years 
professor of chemistry to the Pharmaceutical Society, 
and whose Manual of Chemistry is probably as well 
known in the States as on this side of the Atlantic, early 
in 1887 began preliminary work on an Addendum for the 
# colonies. Dr. Attfield has been for a number of years 
editor of the B. P. for the General Medical Council, in 
whose hands lies the duty of preparing and publishing 
the work. About the middle of 1893 the preparation of 



the Addendum was ofBcially taken in hand and reports 
from the various colonial medical and pharmaceutical 
authorities on the needs of every outlying portion of 
the empire were requested and received. All this, of 
course, has taken time, but the result is just published 
in a small volume of about seventy pages in all, and 
the Pharmacopceia may now be considered to be of an 
Imperial character. There are in the first place certain 
general directions introduced to meet differences in tem- 
perature in various districts. TTiese permit, where neces- 
sary, variation from the official Pharmacopceia standard 
in the proportions of wax, oil, etc., in ointments, piasters 
and suppositories, of spirit In liquid extracts, and a 
few others of less importance. It should be noted 
with regard to the text that every new drug or prepara- 
tion is official only in those parts of her Majesty's 
dominion which are mentioned at the foot of each 
monograph. 

The following table gives the various drugs enumer- 
ated in the text, with their preparations, etc.: 



Drug. 


Where Official. 


Parts Used. 


Preparations. 


Acacia Arabica and Aca- 
cia decurrens. 


India, Eastern Colonies, 
African Colonies. 


Dried hark. 


Decoction. 


Acalypha Indica. 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Fresh and dried herb. 


I^iquid extract, juice. 


Adhatoda vasica. 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Fresh and dried leaves. 


Liquid extract, juice, tinc- 
ture. 


Agropyrum repens. 


Australian Colonies, East- 
ern Colonies, North 
American Colonies. 


Dried rhizome. 


Decoction, liquid extract. 


Ajowan (Carum Copti- 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Oil from fruit. 




cum). 




Alstonia scholarls and A. 
constricta. 


India, Australian Colon- 
ies, Eastern Colonies. 


Bark. 


Infusion, tincture. 


Andrographis paniculata. 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Dried plant. 


I n f u s ion. concentrated 
liquor, tincture. 


Arachis hypogaea. 


India, Eastern Colonies, 
African Colonies, Aus- 
tralian Colonies. 


Expressed oil from seeds. 








Aristolochia Indica. 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Dried stem and root. 


Concentrated liquor, tinc- 
ture. 


Arnica Montana. 


North American Colonies, 


Dried flower heads. 


Tincture. 


Aurantii Cortex Indica. 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Fresh and dried outer 
pericarp of fruit of 
Citrus aurantium, 
grown in India. 


Used in preparation of 
orange peel in place of 
B. P. peel. 


Azadirachta Indica. 


India, Eastern Colonies, 


Bark of stem of Melia 
azadirachta. 


Infusion, tincture. 


JEgle Marmelos. 


India. Eastern Colonies. 


Dried half of ripe fruit. 


Liquid extract. 


Berberls Aristata. 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Stem. 


Concentrated liquor, tinc- 
ture. 


Betel. 


India. Eastern Colonies. 
India, Eastern Colonies. 


I^eaves of Piper betel. 

Inspissated Juice from 
stem. 




Butea frondosa. 








Butea frondosa. 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Seeds. 


Powder. 


Calotropis procera and C. 
gigantea. 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Root, bark. 


Tincture. 


Cambogia Indica. 


India. Eastern Colonies. 


Gum resin from Garcinia 
morella. 


In place of B. P. gam- 
boge. 


Catechu nigrum. 


India. Eastern Colonies, 
N. American Colonies. 


Wood of Acacia catechu. 


In place of B. P. catechu. 


Cissampelos Pareira. 


India. Eastern Colonies. 


Root. 


Decoction, liquid extract. 


Coscinium fenestratum. 


India, Eastern Colonies. 


Stem- 


Infusion, tincture, concen- 
trated liquor. 


Cucurbita maxima. 


Mediterranean Colonies. 
India. 


Fresh ripe seed. 

Leaves and seeds of D. 
fastuosa. 




Datura fastuosa. 


Tinctura (seeds). 


Datura metel. 


Ea.stern Colonies, West 
India Colonies. | 


Seeds of D. metel. 









January lo, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



33 



Drug. 



Where Official. 



Parts Used. 



Embelia ribes and E. ro- 
busta. 

Glycyrrhiza (not new, ex- 
cept for spirituous ex- 
tract). 

Gossyplum herbaceum. 



Grindelia robusta and G. 
squarrosa. 

Gummi Indicum. 



Gault:heria procumbens 
and Betula lenta. 

Andropagon Citratus. 



Gynocardia odorata. 

Ilirudo quinque-striata. 

Hygrophila. 

Plantago ovata (Ispag- 
hula). 

lalapa (not new, except 
for preparation: the 
compound tincture is 
new, not jalap). 

Kaladana (Ipomoea heder- 
acea). 

Kava (piper methysti- 
cum). 

Kino Eucalypti. 
Mylabeis phalerata 



Myrobalans (Ternainalia 
chebula). 

Ollvcri cortex (Cinnamo- 
mum oliverl). 

Picrorhiza kurroa. 

Podophyllum emodl. 



Sappan (Caesalplnia sap- 
pan). 

Sesamum Indicum. 



Tinospora Indica. 

Toddalia Aculeata. 

Tylophora asthmatica. 
Ipomcea Turpethum. 

Urginea Indica. I 
Scilla Indica. 5 

Valeriana Walllchii. 
Viburnum prunifolium. 



India, Eastern Colonies. 
India. Eastern Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 
N. American Colonies, 
West Indian Colonies. 

Australian Colonies, No. 
American Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 

North American Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies, 
West Indian Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 

Australian Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 



India, Eastern Colonies, 
N. American Colonies. 



India. Eastern Colonies. 
Australian Colonies, 
Australian Colonies. 



India, African Colonies. 
Eastern Colonies. 



India. Eastern Colonies. 

Australian Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 
India, Eastern Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 

India. African Colonies, 
N. American Colonies, 
Eastern Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 
India, Eastern Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies, 
N. American Colonies. 

India, Eastern Colonies. 
India, Eastern Colonies. 

North American Colonies. 



Fruit. 



Root bark. 

Dried leaves and flower- 
ing tops. 

Exudation from -4.nogeis- 
sus latifolia. 

Essential oil. 

Essential oil. 

Fatty oil from seeds. 
The living animal. 
Dried herb and root. 
Seeds. 



Seeds. 



Dried decorticated rhi- 
zome without roots. 

Exudation from various 
species of Eucalyptus. 

Dried beetle. 



Immature fruits. 
Bark. 

Dried rhizome. 

Dried rhizome and root- 
lets. 

Heartwood. 
Seed-oil. 

Stem. 

Root-bark. 

Leaves. 

Dried root and stem. 

Younger bulbs. 



Dried rhizome and root- 
lets. 



Dried bark. 



Preparations. 



Spirituous extract. 

Decoction, liquid extract. 

Liquid extract. 
Mucilage. 



Ointment. 



Decoction. 
Decoction. 

Compound tincture. 



Compound powder, resin, 

tincture. 

Liquid extract. 

Can be used in place of 
official Kino. 

Vinegar, two plasters, 
liquor epispasticus. 
ointment. 

Ointment, ointment with 
opium. 

Tincture. 

Liquid extract, tincture. 

Resin, tincture (resin). 
Decoction. 



Can be used In place of 
olive oil. 



Infusion, concentrated li- 
quor, tincture. 

Infusion, concentrated li- 
quor. 



Tinct. Jalapae Co. 

Vinegar. oxymel, two 
pills, syrup, tincture. 

Amraoniated tincture. 
Liquid extract. 



OCCXJRRENCB OF PHENYLETHYL ALCOHOL IN 
ROSE BLOSSOMS.— H. Walbaum has shown that phenyl- 
ethyl alcohol is obtained by the extraction of dried rose 
petals and that it Is contained in ordinary rose oil in 
small quantity. By four extractions of 90 kilos of dried 
rose petals, freed from sepals, with ether, distilling the 
extract in steam and shaking the distillate with ether, 80 
grams of a brown oil were obtained. The principal con- 
stituent of this oil was phenylethyl alcohol: it was identi- 
fied by means of its oxidation products, the urethane, and 
by comparison with the synthetic alcohol. The oil con- 
tained probably also octyl aldehyde and perhaps geraniol, 
both in small quantity. Ordinary rose oil, obtained by 



distilling the blossoms with water, never possesses the 
true natural odor of the rose. Many attempts have been 
made to obtain the rose perfume by extraction with vola- 
tile solvents. By extracting fresh roses with petroleum 
ether, within 2 to 3 hours of plucking, distilling the ex- 
tract with steam and fractionating the distillate, it was 
found- that the extracted oil consists chiefly of phenyl- 
ethyl alcohol. Geraniol, which is the principal con- 
stituent of the oil distilled with water from fresh blooms, 
is present only in very small quantity in the oils extracted 
from both dried and fresh petals. This remarkable dif- 
ference necessitates a re-examination of ordinary rose 
oil. (Jour Soc. Chem. Ird.) 



34 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lO, 1901. 



EXPOSITION OF SOME CHEMICAL THEORIES. 



By prof. WILLIAM RAMSAY. 



BEIHAVIOR OF GASEOUS MOLECULES. 
As a means of picturing tiie behavior of gaseous 
molecules the kinetic theory of gases has been devised 
by Joule, Ciausius. Maxwell, Thomson (Lord Kelvin) and 
others. On the assumption that the pressure of a gas 
on the walls of the vessel which contains it is due to 
the continued Impacts of its molecules, and that the 
temperature lof a gas is represented by the product of 
the mass of the molecules, or the square of their velocity, 
it has been possible to offer a mechanical explanation 
of Boyle's law. that at constant temperature the volume 
of a gas diminishes in proportion as the pressure in- 
creases; of Gay-Lussac's law, that all gases expand 
equally for equal rise of temperature, provided pressure 
is kept constant; the condition being that equal volumes 
of gases contain equal numbers of molecules. A striking 
support is lent to this chain of reasoning by the tacts 
discovered by Thomas Graham (1805-1869). professor at 
University College. London, and subsequently master of 
the Royal Mint. Graham discovered that the rates of 
diffusion of gases into each other is inversely as the 
square roots of their densities. For instance, the density 
of hydrogen being taken as a unity, thajt of oxygen is 
sixteen times as great; if a vessel containing hydrogen 
be made to communicate with one containing oxygen, 
the hydrogen will pass into the oxygen and mix with it; 
and, conversely, the oxygen will pass into the hydrogen 
vessel. This is due to the intrinsic motion of the mole- 
cules of each gas. And Graham found experimentally 
that for each volume of oxygen which enters the hydro- 
gen vessel, four volumes of hydrogen will enter the 
oxygen vessel. Now 4 is the square root of 16; and as 
these masses are relatively 1 and 16. and their tempera- 
tures are equal, the squares of their velocities are re- 
spectively 1 and 16. 

COMPLEXITY OF LIQUID MOLECULES. 
The question of molecular complexity of gases being 
thus disposed of. it remains to be considered what is 
the relative complexity of liquid molecules. The answer 
Is indicated by a study of the capillary phenomena of 
liquids, one method of measuring which is the height 
of their ascent in narrow or capillary tubes. It is im- 
possible in the space at our disposal to enter into detail 
as to the method and arguments necessary— suffice it to 
say that the Hungarian physicist Ebtvos was the first 
to Indicate the direction of research, and that Ramsay 
and Shields succeeded in proving that the complexity of 
the molecules of most liquids is not greater than that 
of the gases wliich they form on heing vaporized; and 
also that certain liquids, e. g., water, the alcohols and 
other liquids, are more or less •^associated;" i. e.. their 
molecules occur in complexes of two, three, ' four or 
more, and as the temperature is raised the complexity 
of molecular structure diminishes. 

As regards the molecular complexity of solids, nothing 
definite is known, and. moreover, there appears to be 
no method capable of revealing it. 

ELECTRO-CHEMICAL THEORY. 
While the researches of which a short account has 
now 'been given have led to knowledge regarding the 
nature of molecules, the strutsture of the molecule has 
excited interest since the early years of the century, and 
Its investigation has led to important results. The fact 
of the decomposition of acidified water by an electric 
current, discovered by Nicholson and Carlisle, and of 

•Portions of a paper on the "Progress of Chemistry 
in the Nineteenth Century," contributed to the New 
York Sun. Copyrighted by the Sun Printing and Pub- 
lishing Association and reprinted in the Era by per- 
mission. 



.salts into "bases" and "acids" by Berzelius and Ilisinger 
in 1803. led to the belief that a close connection exists 
between electric energy, or, as it was termed, "electric 
force," and the affinity which holds the constituents of 
chemical compounds in combination. In 1807 D,avy pro- 
pounded the theory that all compounds consist of two 
portions, one electro-positive and the other electro-nega- 
tive. The idea was the result of experiments on the 
behavior of substances such, for example, as copper and 
sulphur; if portions of these elements be insulated and 
then brought into contact they become oppositely electrl- 
tled. The degree of electrification is intensified by the 
rise of temperature until, when combination ensues, the 
electrification vanishes. Combination, therefore, accord- 
ing to Davy, is concurrent with the equalization of poten- 
tials. In 1812 Berzelius brought forward an electro-chemi- 
cal theory which for the following twenty years was 
generally accepted. His primary assumption was that 
the atoms of elements, or. in certain cases, groups of 
atoms, are themselves electrified; that each atom, or 
group ol' atoms, possesses two poles, one positive, the 
other negative; that the electrification of one of these 
poles predominates over that of the other, so that the 
atom or group is itself, as a whole, electro-positive, or 
electro-negative; that combination ensued between such 
oppositely electrified bodies by the neutralization, parti.al 
or complete, of their electric charges; and, lastly, that 
the polarity of an element or group could be determined 
by noting whether the element or group separated at 
the positive or at the negative pole of the galvanic bat- 
tery, or electrolysis. For Berzelius. oxygen was the 
most electro-negative and potassium the most electro- 
positive of the elements, the bridge between the non- 
metals" and the "metals" being hydrogen, which, with 
nitrogen, forms a basic, or electro-positive group, while 
with chlorine, etc.. it forms electro-negative groups. The 
fact that an electric current splits compounds in solution 
into two portions led Berzelius to devise his "dualistic" 
system, which involved the assumption that all com- 
pounds consist of two portions, one electro-positive, the 
other electro-negative. Thus, sulphate of magnesium and 
potassium was to be regarded as composed of electro- 
positive potassium sulphate in combination with electro- 
negative magnesium sulphate; the former in its turn 
consisted of electro-negative sulphur trioxide (SO3) in 
comhination with electro-positive oxide of potassium 
(K«0), while each of these proximate constituents of 
potassium sulphate were themselves composed of the 
electro-negative oxygen in combination with electro-posi- 
tive sulphur, or potassium. On contrasting sulphur with 
potassium, however, the former was considered more 
electro-negative than the latter; so that the group SOs 
as a whole was electro-negative, while K2O was electro- 
positive. The symbols given above, which are still in 
universal use, were also devised by Berzelius for the 
purpose of illustrating and emphasizing his views. These 
views, however, met with little acceptance at the time 
in England. 

CLEAR IDEAS OF THE STRUCTURE OP THE 
MOLECULE. 
The first clear ideas of the structure of the molecule 
were, however, gained from the study of the compounds 
of carbon. It was difficult to apply the dualistic theory 
to them. For few of them are electrolytes, and therefore 
their products of electrolysis, being non-existent, could 
not be classified. Nevertheless, Gay-Lussac regarded al- 
cohol as C-HaO, as a compound of C2H,. ethylene, and 
HoO, water; and oxalic acid (anhydrous), C2O.,. as one of 
CO2 with CO. The discovery of "isomeric compounds," 
i. e.. of compounds which possess the same ultimate for- 
mula and yet differ erutirely in their properties, forced 
upon chemists the necessity of attending to the struc- 
ture of the molecule, for only by such a supposition could 
the difference between the two isomeric bodies be ex- 



January lo, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



35 



plained. In 1S23 Liebig discovered that silver fulminate 
and silver cyanate both possessed the empirical formula 
Ag-CXO: in 18:2.") this was followed by the discovery by 
Faraday tiiat oil gas contains a hydrocarbon identical in 
composition with ethylene, CoH., yet differing from it in 
properties; and in IS'ill Wohler, professor in Giittingcn 
(18tK)-18S2), discovered that urea, a constituent of urine, 
could be produced by heating ammonium cyanate. 
NHiCNO. a substance of the same formula. It there- 
fore became clear that the identity of a compound must 
depend on some other cause than its ultimate com- 
position. 

In 1S33 Liebig and Wohler took an important step 
in elucidating this question by their investigations on 
benzoic acid, an acid obtainable by distilling a resin 
named gum benzoin. They showed that this acid, C;Hi)02. 
cou'id be conceived as consisting of the group CvHsO., to 
which they gave the name "benzoyl." in combination 
with OH; that benzoic aldehyde, CtHcO, might be re- 
garded as its compound with hydrogen; that it also 
formed compounds with chlorine and bromine and sul- 
phur, and replaced hydrogen in ammonia (C7H„O.NH2'l. 
They termed this group benzoyl, a "compound element" 
or a "radical." This research was followed by one by 
Robert Bunsen. professor at Heidelberg, born in 1811, 
and recently (1809) dead, which bore reference to cacodyl, 
a compound of arsenic, carbon and hydrogen, in which 
the idea of a radical was confirmed and amplified. 

The idea of a radical having thus become established, 
Jean Baptiste Andrfie Dumas, professor in Paris (1800- 
1S84). propounded the theory of "substitution," i. e., 
that an element such as chlorine or oxygen (which, be 
it noticed, is electro-negative on Berzelius's scale) could 
replace hydrogen in carbon compounds, atom for atom, 
the resulting compound belonging to the same "type" 
as the one from which it was derived. And Laurent, 
warden of the mint at Paris (1807-1853). and Gerhardt, 
professor at Montpellier and at Strassburg (1816-1856) 
emphasized the fact that one element, be it what it may, 
can replace another without fundamentally altering its 
chemical character, and also that an atom of hydrogen 
can be reiplaced by a group of atoms, or radical, behaving 
for the occasion like the atom of an element. It is to 
Laurent and Gerhardt that we owe the definition of an 
atom— the smallest quantity of an element which can 
be Iiresent in a compound; an equivalent— that weight 
of an element which combines with or replaces one part 
by weight of hydrogen; and a molecule— the smallest 
quantity which can exist in a free state, whether of 
an element or a compound. They recognized, too, that 
' a molecule of hydrogen, chlorine, etc., consists of two 
atoms. 
PERIODIC ARRANGEMENT OF THE ELEMENTS. 
It now remains to give a short account of the greatest 
generalization which has as yet been made in chemistry; 
it has been termed the Periodic arrangement of the 
elements. 

In 1S64, Newlands. of London, and Lothar Mayer, late 
of Tubingen, found that by arranging the elements in 
the order of their atomic weights certain regularities 
were to be observed between each element, and in general 
the eighth in succession from it, in the order of their 
numerical value. Such similar elements formed groups 
or quantities, while the elements separating them belong 
to a period, hence the name "periodic arrangement," 
Commencing with lithium, a light, lustrous metal found 
as bilicate in certain minerals, we have the following 
«eries: 

Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon 

7 9.2 11 12 

Sodium Magnesium Aluminum Silicon 

23 24.3 27 2S 

Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon 

14 16 19 20 

Phosphorus Sulphur Chlorine Argon 

31 32 35.5 40 

and so on. It is only necessary to point out in detail 
the resemblances between the elements which stand in 
the vertical columns, but it may be stated that the re- 
semblance extends also to the formulEe and properties 
of their compounds. Thus, the chlorides of lithium and 
sodium are each white, soluble salts of the formuloe 
LiCI and NaCl; oxides of magnesium and beryllium are 
both insoluble, white, earthy powders. MgO and BeO 



(GeO), and so on. Newlands in his preliminary sketch 
termed this order the "Law of Octaves," and predicted 
the existence of certain undiscovered elements which 
should occupy unfilled positions in the table. Mendel^ef. 
professor at St. Peter.wburg, in 1869 amplifiiHi and extended 
these relations, and he and Meyer pointed out that the 
\'olume occupied by equal numbers of atoms of such ele- 
ments underwent a periodic variation when the elements 
are classified as above. The prediction of undiscovered 
elements was made by Mendelfef in a more assured 
manner; and in several cases they have been realized. 
Thus, what MendelSef called "ekaboron" h^s since been 
discovered by Lecocq de Bolsdandron and named patriot- 
ically "Gallluim;" Mendelfef's "eka-silicon" is now known 
as "germanium." discovered by Winkler, and "eka-alum- 
inum" is now Cl&ve's "scandium." Moreover, the atomic 
weights of caesium, beryllium, molybdenum and mercury 
have been altered so that they fit the periodic table, and 
further research has justified the alteration. 

The valency of these elements increases from right 
to left, as will be seen by inspection of the following 
series: 

LiCl BeClo BCL, CCU NH^Cl 

NaoO MgO BoO,, SiO, PC, 

Monad. Dyad. Triad. Tetrad. Triad and 

Pentad. 
OH., FH Ne— 

SO., CUOH)0.i A— 

Dyad and Monad and No valency. 
Hexad. Heptad. 

The elements of no valency are of recent discovery. 
In 1.S91 Lord Ra.vleigh had determined the density of 
the nitrogen of the atmosphere, having seperated from 
it the oxygen and carbon dioxide which are mixed with 
nitrogen in air. He found it to be of somewhat higher 
density than that obtainable from ammonia and other 
compounds of nitrogen. In conjunction with Ramsay he 
investigated atmospheric nitrogen; it was absorbed either 
by a method devised by Cavendish, or by making it com- 
bine with magnesium at a red heat. They found that 
the unabsorbable residue possessed an unknown spectrum, 
and that its density was nearly 20, To this new gas they 
gave the name "argon," or inactive, seeing that all at- 
tempts to cause it to enter into combination had failed. 
In 1895 Ramsay, searching for possible combinations of 
argon in minerals, experimented with one which had 
been previously examined by Hillebrand, of Baltimore, 
and obttiined from it helium, a gas of density 2, possess- 
ing a spectrum which had been previously discovered in 
1.S6S in the chromosphere of the sun by Jannsen, of Paris, 
and named helium by Frankland and Lockyer. Subse- 
quent liquefaction of crude argon by means of liquid air, 
prepared by a process invented simultaneously by Linde 
and Hampson, gave a residue which was named by its 
discoverers, Ramsay and Travers, "neon." Liquid argon 
has yielded two other gases, also, "krypon" and "xenon." 
These elements form a separate group in the Periodic 
Table, commencing with helium, with atomic weight. 4; 
neon. 20; argon, 40; krypon, 82, and xenon, 128. They 
all agree in being mono-atomic; i. e.. their molecules 
consist of single atoms, and they have no tendency to 
form compounds, i. e., they possess no valency. 

CMEJMISTRT AND COMMERCIAL SLl'PREMACT. 
In this sketch of the progress of chemistry during 
the century which has just passed, attention has been 
paid chiefly to the progress of thought. Allusions must, 
however, be made to the applications of chemistry to 
industrial purposes. The development of the soda in- 
dustry, the preparation of carbonate of soda and caustic 
from common salt — initiated in France by LeBlanc (1742- 
l.sdfii— has been developed by Tennant in Scotland and 
Muspeath and Gossage. and by Hargreaves, Weldon 
and Maetea in England; this process has at 
present a serious rival In the ammonia soda process, 
developed by Solva.v in Belgium and by Brunner and 
Mond In England. The manufacture of sulphuric acid, 
so long a.ssociated with the alkali process, has made 
enormous strides during the present century, but is still. 
In the main, the original process of causing sulphur 
dioxide in presence of water to absorb the oxygen of 
the air through nitric oxide. But the saving of the 
oxides of nitrogen through the Invention of a sulphuric 
acid tower by Gay-Lussac. known by his name, and the 
reutilization of these oxides in the "Glover" tower, In- 



36 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo. 1901. 



vented by John Glover, of Newcastle, have greatly les- 
sened the cost of the acid. Concentration of the acid 
In iron vessels Is now common, the cost of platinum or 
of fragile glass vessels being thereby saved. The de- 
sulphurizatlon of iron and the removal of silicon, carbon 
and phosphorus by Bessemer's process, modlfled by 
Thomas and Gilchrist through the introduction of a 
"basic magnesia lining" for the converters, has made it 
possible to obtain pure iron and steel from ores pre- 
viously regarded as of little value. 

The use of artificial manures, prepared by mixing 
refuse animal matters with tetra-hydrogen calcium phos- 
phate and nitrate of soda or sulphate of ammonia, first 
introduced by Liebig, has created a revolution in agri- 
cultural methods and in the weigtit of crops obtainable 
from a given area of soil. The influence of manures 
on crops has been fully studied by Lawes and Gilbert 
for more than fifty years in their experimental farms at 
Rothampstead. The most remarlcable advances which 
have been made, however, are due to cheap electric 
current. The electrolysis of alumina, dissolved in fused 
cryolite to obtain aluminum, an operation carried out 
at Schaffhausen on the Rhine and at the Falls of Foyers, 
in Scotland, the electro deposition of pure copper for 
electric wires and cables, electro silvering, gilding and 
nickeling; all these are instances where decomposition of 
a compound by the electric current has led to important 
industrial results. At present soda and chlorine are 
being manufactured by the electrolysis of salt solution 
contained in rocking trays, one of the electrodes being 



mercury, by the Castner-Kellner process. This manu- 
facture is being carried on at Niagara, as well as In 
England. But electricity as a heating agent finds ever- 
extending application. Henri Moissan (professor at 
Paris), led the way of utilizing the enormous heat of 
the arc in his electric furnace, thereby, among other 
Interesting reactions, manufacturing diamonds, small. It 
is true, though none the less real. The use of electricity 
as a heating agent has received new applications. Phos- 
phorus is now made by distilling a mixture of phosphates 
of lime and alumina with coke; a new polishing agent 
has been found in "carborundum." a compound of carbon 
and silicon produced by heating in an electrical furnace 
a mixture of sand and coke, and cyanide of potassium, 
almost indispensable for the extraction of gold from 
Drcs poor in gold, is now manufactured by heating a 
mixture of carbon and carbonate of barium in an electric 
furnace in a current of carbon monoxide. These ar& 
but some of the instances in which electricity has been 
adopted as an agent in effecting chemical changes; and 
it may be confidently predicted that the earlier years of 
the twentieth century will witness a great development 
in this direction. It may be pointed out that the later 
developments of industrial chemistry owe their success 
entirely to the growth of chemical theory; and it is 
obvious that that nation which possesses the most com- 
petent chemists, theoretical and practical, is destined 
to succeed in the competition with other nations for 
commercial supremacy and all its concomitant ad- 
vantages. 



FRUITS: THEIR FORMS AND MODES OF DISPERSAL; 



By b cockburn, ph.c. 



A fruit, in botanical language, is the ripened ovary 
or mature gynsecium; It consists of an outer covering, and 
the seed or seeds within. Now. the seed is a most im- 
portant part of the plant, essential, as you all know, in 
the multiplication of the species. It is a young plant in 
embryo, capable of germinating and of becoming an inde- 
pendent individual. A plant lives for the preservation of 
the individual and the propagation of tlie species, and the 
safeg-uarding of reproduction always seems of more im- 
portance than even the life of the parent plant. Many 
instances might be given of a plant sacrificing its life 
for the sake of its seeds. The flowering and fruiting pro- 
cesses are the most important events in the whole life 
history of a plant, and there is great expenditure of 
energv, and much complexity and ingenuity of contrivance 
shown in the details of this part of its cycle. The struc- 
ture of the flowers is often connected with the visits of 
Insects, and I will try to show that the form of the fruit 
is correlated with various external agencies. 

The old idea that the beautiful and sweet-smelling 
flowers and luscious fruits were solely £or the benefit of 
man has t>een exploded long ago. A plant lives for itself 
as an individual, and there are probably no instances 
of a plant assisting in any way another plant or an ani- 
mal, except when this is at the same time advantageous 
to the plant itself. 

The fruit may be large or small, hard or soft, smooth 
or prickly, sweet or bitter, dry or fleshy, and we shall go 
on to see that most, it not all, these characteristics are 
adaptive modifications of the plant, and give it some ad- 
vantage in the struggle for existence. 

Large numbers of fruits or seeds may be produced by a 
single plant, and the advantage of an efficient means of 
distribution is obvious. If seeds merely fell to the ground 
there would be the evil of competition amongst the 
plants produced. Also, the soil is necessarily impover- 
ished in the immediate neighborhood of the parent plant, 
and better conditions are to be found at a distance. Seeds 
are usually laden with a supply of food for the young 
plant, and thus there are two conflicting factors. One of 
these tends to increase the weight of the seed by storing 
up food in it and the other to lighten the seed to facilitate 
distribution. Sometimes the fruit, sometimes the seed 

•Read before the Glasgow Chemists' and Druggists' 
Assistants' and Apprentices' Association. Reprinted 
from Pharm. Journ. 



itself, takes up the task of distribution. The main factors 
concerned ar« wind, water, animals, and a propulsive 
mechanism in the plant itself. I purpose saying a little- 
about each of these four agencies. 

DISTRIBUTION BY WATER. 

The dissemination in this way is not common, and not 
of %iery great importance in the vegetable kingdom. OC 
some interest is the case of the coco-nut. Only part of th& 
fruit is known to most people. Outside of the hard shell 
which protects the seed there is a fibrous coat, two oir 
three inches thick. This covering enables the fruit to- 
float, and protects it from the action of the sea water- 
during, it may be, a long voyage. There can be no doubt 
that these fruits are carried great distances in this way. 
The presence of the coco-nut palm as the first, and often, 
only, tree upon the coral island is sufficient to encourage 
belief in the success of this instance of water distribution. 
Seeds of the water lily are said to sink l;o the bottom In. 
autumn, and to lie protected from animals and cold all 
winter. In the spring they become lighter, rise to the sur- 
fa,ce, and may be washed ashore for germination. Fruits 
or seeds to be dispersed by water must be lighter, that 
they may float, and must be able to resist the injurious- 
action of the water. 

DISTRIBUTION BY WIND. 

This mode of distribution is quite common, and very 
important. The fruits or seeds may be so small and light 
that wind-diffusion is easily effected. In this connection, 
may be mentioned the spores of ferns and mosses. Though 
very different from fruits and seeds there is a certain 
resemblance, in that each spore can give rise to a new fern 
or moss plant. It is diflicult to give any conception of 
the small size and immense number of these spores. It 
has been calculated that a single fern plant may produce 
over 10,000,000 spores in one season. Then there are won- 
derful contrivances to ensure the opening of the cases 
only in dry weather, and the scattering of the contents- 
only by degrees. Among the higher plants, the orchids 
have very minute seeds. The effect of the wind may be 
reinforced by the presence of a broad flange of tissue, or- 
a tuft of hairs. Many different parts of the fruit or seed 
are thus modified, and it is interesting to notice the same 
result accomplished in so many different ways. In some 
fruits part of the pericarp becomes flattened, and there- 



January lO, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



37 



can be no doubt that this expansion is to aid the action 
of the wind. It is pointed out by Sir John Lubbock that 
this would be of use only In the case of trees where the 
fruits have some distance to fall, and are exposed to 
higher wind. This is exactly what Is found in Nature. 
Fruits similar in this respect are to he found upon the 
ash, sycamore, maple, elm, lime, etc., and seldom upon 
plants of a shrubby or herbaceous habit. Plants ot small 
height require a more effective moditlcation, which usually 
takes the form of a tuft of hairs. Most familiar of this 
class is the dandelion, though many of the same order are 
well known, e. g., the thistles and hawkbits. Seeds may 
be similarly modified. Those of flrs and pines are provided 
with wings, while seeds of smaller plants have some- 
times hairs attached. Examples are found in the seeds 
of the cotton plant, poplar, willow, epilobium and stro- 
phanthus. 

DISTRIBUTION BY ANIMALS. 

Distribution by animals Is brought about in two ways. 
The fruit may be eaten and the seed rejected, or it may 
be carried away mechanically by a passing animal. In 
the first case, there is present a succulent portion, usually 
part of the pericarp, by which the bird or other animal is 
attracted. The fruit is eaten and the seed rejected. The 
seed is guarded from injury by digestion through being 
enclosed In a hard shell, or by the stony nature of the 
seed itself. Examples of this are seen in the cherry, 
blackberry, grape, strawberry and date. This is one of 
the best methods of seed distribution, because there is 
not so much left to chance. The animal scatters abroad 
the seed and is repaid for its services by the food it re- 
ceives. The bright color of the fruit is, ot course, to 
render It conspicuous. Red is most common and con- 
trasts well with the green of the leaves. Sometimes, 
when the fruits are small, they are grouped together in 
bunches, as in the case of the rowan, and so get over 
the disadvantage. This reminds us of the aggregation ot 
small and inconspicuous flowers, as in the Compositae and 
Umbelliferae. 

The Cape gooseberry or winter cherry is delusive in 
the way it makes Itself attractive. A persistent, floral, 
envelope is brightly colored and very much inflated. The 
actual edible portion is far less than might be expected 
from external appearances. Another interesting fruit is 
that of the mistletoe. There is a succulent, edible portion 
for which birds seek the fruit of this parasite. The bird, 
however, is not able to swallow the seed in this case 
because of a coating of very viscid substance around the 
seed. To get rid of the seed the bird rubs its beak against 
the branch of a tree, the seed sticks to the twig and, if 
the tree is a suitable one for germination, the roots of the 
mistletoe penetrate into the tissues of the tree. 

Fruits are known which resemble caterpillars, snakes, 
beetles, etc. These curious modifications are either to 
attract carnivorous or deceive graminivorous birds, but as 
a rule too little is known of the habits of the plant to 
enable us to decide upon the exact raison d'etre of the 
presumed mimicry. The castor oil seed is a well-known 
example of this class, but there are many seeds which 
have a much more striking resemblance to beetles and 
other animals. That seed distribution by birds is ef- 
fective was well illustrated some time ago in this way. 
An American currant used for giving color to wines was 
brought over to Europe and cultivated in Bordeaux and its 
neighborhood. The fruits were devoured greedily by 
birds, and the result Is that now the plant has spread over 
France and Spain, and, indeed, is found over the whole 
of Southern Europe. 

MECHANICAL DISTRIBUTION BY MEANS OF 
ANIMALS. 

Fruits and seeds provided with strong, hooked hairs 
and spines attach themselves to passing animals and are 
carried away. This is often a successful method, but the 
objection to it is the element of chance. Tbe hooks 
may be derived from the teeth of a persistent calyx, from 
the style, or from an involucre of bracts, or the whole 
surface of the fruit may be covered with suitable hairs 
or spines. The distribution of cleavers, carrot, hore- 
hound, avens. burdock, and spinach is brought .^bout in 
this way. It is again pointed out by Sir John Lubbock 
that in this case only plants of littie height would be 
able to benefit by such hooks, and the theory is borne 
out by observation. Fruits of this kind are never found at 
any distance above the ground, and never upon water 
plants. Sticky fruits may be carried away similarly. 
There are not many indigenous examples. The heads 
of grindelia are. when fresh, covered with a sticky excre- 
tion of oleo-resin. In other cases spiny or hard pericarps 



may serve to protect edible seeds from animals, and the 
external nature of the fruits of the star-nut palm, l>eech, 
and Spanish chestnut may serve for such a purpose. 
Other fruits bury themselves In the ground before ma- 
turity and seek protection In this way. The peanut and 
other fruits are forced below the soil and ripen In this 
curious position. 

MECHANICAL DISTRIBUTION BY EXPLOSIVE 
DEHISCENCE. 

An ingenious mechanism upon some part of the plant 
may scatter the seeds to some distance, as In the case of 
the sling or catapult fruits. A tension set up in certain 
parts of the fruit and a sudden disruption when fully 
mature are the distinguishing marks of such fruits. The 
tension may be produced by the unequal lengths of parts 
of the fruit, or by the change which occurs In tissues on 
dr>ing. Many examples may be given, but the aptnes» 
and versatility of modification in these fruits can only 
be appreciated by actual examination. The squirting 
cucumber is a striking example. It Is of the nature of 
a berry and the fluid contents are under great pressure. 
The ripe fruit falls to the ground and as It leaves the stalk 
an opening is formed through which the contents, seeds 
and juice, are squirted with great force. A more typical 
example is the touch-me-not, a Japanese variety, ot which 
is commonly cultivated. When the fruits are ripe the 
slig'htest touch Is sufficient to bring about the dehiscence 
ot the capsule with explosive violence. Similar In their 
methods of splitting open are the siliquas of many Cruci- 
ferae, and the fruits of the Legiiminosje, Geraniaceae, 
Violaceee, etc. By this means of distribution the seeds are 
not so likely to arrive at a distance from their parent, 
as by those already considered. Probably a few yards 
Is about the average. 



PHOSPHORUS MATCH INDUSTRY.— J. Ephralm 
(in Zeits. angew. Chem.; Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind.) dwells 
briefly upon the reports made last year by Professors T. 
E. Thorpe and T. Oliver and Dr. G. Cunningham on the 
use of phosphorus in the manufacture of Inciter matches. 
Although it Is, no doubt, possible to avoid phosphorus 
necrosis by adopting hygienic measures or by employing 
suitable machines, the great obstacle to success in this 
direction in Germany Is the system ot outwork ("Haus- 
arbeit"). By decreasing the amount of phosphorus In 
the match head, or by manufacturing it In two layers, 
only one of which contains phosphorus, the danger Is 
only slightly diminished, and such methods flnd but a 
very limited application. The results of the competitions 
instituted by the Belgian and Swiss Governments show 
that an altogether satisfactory substitute tor white phos- 
pliorus has not yet been found. Mixtures of red phos- 
phorus and potassium chlorate are being employed, but 
the manufacture is somewhat dangerous and the matches 
ignite explosively. Lead thiosulphate matches are also 
in use to a limited extent. Schwiening's application of 
calcium plumbate (Ger. Pat.) though much ridiculed, 
marks an advance, for the matches inflame easily, with- 
out noise and on soft surfaces, but a rather exaggeratect 
fear of lead poisoning prevented their trial in France and 
has interfered with their general adoption. Sevene and 
Cahen's phosphorus sesquisulphlde matches are being 
made by the French Government, and have been accepted 
by the public without demur, but in this respect it must be 
remembered that the French ordinary phosphorus matches 
which they replace are not really as good as those of 
other countries; possibly, too. the evolution of hydrogen 
sulphide by the action of moisture on the sesquisulphlde 
may prove an objection. These matches have not as 
yet found any application in Germany. Different paste* 
are used for sulphur, parafliin or wax matches, but the 
usual mixture contains G parts ot phosphorus sesqui- 
sulphlde, 24 of potassium chlorate, 6 ot zinc white, G of 
red ochre, 6 of powdered glass, 18 ot glue and 34 of water. 
Robert Gans' barium cupropentathlonate matches have 
been approved by some manufacturers, while others have 
failed to obtain good results This difference Is not satis- 
factorily explained, for. although it is ascribed to dif- 
ferences in the methods of preparation of the salt, the 
patentee denies that any special process is required. 
Attempts to obtain an oxidizing material other thaa 
pntas.sium chlorate for use In safety matches have not 
>et been successful. 



38 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo. 1901. 



HOW TO KNOW YOUR PROFITS, 



Bv HENRY BLACK. 



While every business man, In a general way, knows 
about how much money he is making, in order to 
ascertain the exact amount of profits it is necessary 
lor him to take an account of stock and to perform 
what is known in bookkeeping as "closing the' books." 
It may be that some who are not conversant with the 
finer details of the science of accounts have looked upon 
this as a formidable undertaking; it is such only from 
the amount of detail work involved; the principles are 
as simple as ord:niiry bookkeeping. 

The lirst thing necessary is to have an accurate ac- 
count of stock. For purposes of reference it is well to 
divide this, including under one head fixtures and 
appliances, and under the other merchandise regu- 
larly dealt in. It is customary in valuing fixtures and 
Appliances in a stock sheet, or inventor^-, to deduct a 
certain percentage every year for wear and tear and 
depreciation. .This should vary with the probable lite 
of the article valued: for instance, shelving would last 
lor, probably, twenty years. If five per cent, be deducted 
in each annual inventory, at the end of the twentieth 
year, when, according to the estimate, the shelving is 
worn out, it will be valued at nothing. On articles 
whose period of usefulness is shorter, the deduction 
should be correspondingly greater. The idea of this 
Is that a certain proportion of the cost of each ap- 
pliance, which must in time be replaced. Is chargeable 
against the profits of each year. It is not possitde to 
ascertain the exact amount of depreciation, nor how 
soon improvements will compel substitutions, therefore, 
the plan of a percentage reduction is usually adopted 
as the best approximation. In other words, each item is 
Inventoried at a price as near its actual value as 
possiible. 

The same principle applies to the regular merchandise; 
although no regular depreciation percentage is charged, 

the actual value at the time of taking the inventory 
should in every instance be the basis. It is just as 
unfair to list at cost price goods that have advanced, 
"however, as those that have declined. If it is borne 
in mind that the purpose of an inventory is to assist 

in showing the actual status of his business, it will be 
.appreciated that nothing but facts will answer. 

Having taken the inventory, the next step is to get it 

into the books. To illustrate this we will take the 
imaginary business of John Smith, who started one 

3'ear ago with .?1.<XK). He has just taken off a trial 

balance which shows: 

Dr. Cr. 

Kent $401100 John Smith .$1,000.00 

Expenses 150.00 Mdse.. at 1.<XXJ.IH) 

Frt 100.00 Accounts owed ... . 125.00 

Jno. Smith, Sal ".'ni.oii 

Salaries a.'iii.oii 

Profit and loss L'.j.Ou 

Cash Khi.OO 

Accounts due 350.00 



If a trial balance were then taken oft, it would read: 

Profit and lyoss $l.(i75 John Smith $1.00O 

Cash KKI Mdse. at 1,000 

Accounts due 3.10 Accounts owed 125 



$2,125.00 $2,125.00 

In the rent account, as the title implies, is charged 
his store rent; "Expenses" includes the hundred and 
one incidental items; "Freight" is self-explanatory. In 
the account entitled "John Smith, salaries," he has 
charged amcunts withdrawn by him for living expenses, 
and "Salaries" the wages paid to his assistant. The 
:$25 charged to Profit and Loss is an accoun't he was 
unable to collect. "Cash" is the amount on hand and in 
"bank, and "Accounts due" the sum of his outstanding 
bills. On the credit side he has the .?1.W10 with which 
he started business, and his Merchandise account shows 
that his sales have exceeded his purchases toy ?1,000. 
He owes $125. He might have a separate account for 
"Fixtures and Appliances," but in a small business the 
division of the inventory is sufficient. Taking all the 
Items of expense, an entry is made: 
Profits and Loss acct. Dr. to $1,650. 

Rent $400.00 

Expenses 150.00 

Freight 1(X).00 

Salaries 250.00 

John Smith, Salaries 750.00 



$2,125 $2,125 

The next entry charges up the Profit and Loss account 
against the Merchandise account, thus setting off the 
cost of selling figainst the sales. The entry is: 

Merchandise acct. Dr. to $1,675 

Profit and Loss at $1,675 

The reason for charging the amount of the various 
accounts first into Profit and I..OSS and then into Mer- 
chandise is so that the former may give running ex- 
penses. For instance, it is possible for John Smith ten 
years from now to ascertain by a glance at his Profit 
and Loss account that it cost him $1,675 to run his busi- 
ness in 1900. The trial balance then shows: 

Mdse. at $675 John Smith $1,000 

Cash 100 Accounts owed 125 

Accounts due 3.50 



$1,125 $1,125 

So, according to the face of the toooks, the assets, as 
shown by the debits of the various accounts are: 

Merchandise $675 

Cash 100 

Accounts due 350 

$1,125 
But the inventor}- shows that there Is merchandise to 
the amount of $1,5<X1 on hand, therefore the assets are 
$823 greater than the books show. The Idea is. then, 
to substitute the amount of merchandise actually on 
hand ($1..5tKI) for the amount as shown on the face of 
the ledger (.$675) without disturbing the balance of the 
books. The merchandise account stands: 

Purchases $4,000 Sales $5,000 

Profit and Loss 1,675 

Posting directly from the inventory, merchandise ac- 
count is credited with the amount, which throws the books 
out of balance, the credits exceeding debits by the amount 
of the posting, $1,500. This posting is usually made in 
red ink. Merchandise account now has as debits all 
purchases of goods and all expenses, and as credits all 
sales and the amount of goods on hand. It is evident, 
therefore, that this account, showing as it does, all ex- 
penditures and all receipts, the difference between 
these two amounts must be the profit or loss in the 
business. 

The merchandise account now has a credit but once 
of $825, representing the profits for period covered by 
entries. This $825, it will be noticed, is the difference 
between the $675 showni on the ledger as the debit of 
Merchandise account and the amount of the inventory. 
As a profit it undoubtedly belongs to the owner of the 
business, and he must be credited. The following entry 
is therefore made: 

Merchandise acct. Dr. to $825 

John Smith $825 

Profit for IWHI. 
This balances merchandise, and the amounts should be 
totaled and ruled in red ink. But Merchandise has been 
credited with the amount of inventor}' only to concen- 
trate all the entries in this one account. The goods 
have not been sold and the account Is not entitled to 
the credit. Therefore, the account is charged with the 
amount of the inventory which has been credited tempc- 
arily only. The trial balance then shows; 

Merchandise $1,.5(X1 John Smith $1,825 

Cash 100 Accounts owed 125 

Accounts due 350 



$1,950 $1,950 

To reduce the proposition to its simplest terms: At 
the beginning of the year John Smith has $1,000 clear. 
At the end. assets consisting of merchandise, cash and 
accounts amounting to $1,950 and debits of $125. He is 
therefore worth $1,825. ?S25 more than when he started 
The process is practicable in any set of books; all that 
is necessan,' is the starting point. If the net assets at 
any one time are determined, the difference between that 
amount and the amount of the net assets at any subse- 
quent time is the loss or gain for the intervening period. 
(The Spatula.) , ^ . , j 



lanuary lo, lyoi.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



39 



THE PHARMACIST'S LIBRARY; 



By R. F. RUPPILLER. 



The piiarmacisfs public library is. in general, an anom- 
aly among libraries. It is conspicuous for what it lacks 
rather than for what it contains, and the collection of 
pharmaceutical works by the average druggist would fur- 
nish a meager subject for consideration if this required 
only a description of it. The mysteries behind the pre- 
scription counter, when looked Into, do not generally re- 
veal many books— often an old pharmacopoeia or dispensa- 
tory and a miscellany of back number pharmaceutical 
journals comprise the library, and inconvenient and im- 
accessible drawers, closets and corners take the place 
of book cases. 

A good collection of books on pharmacy and all its 
allied tranches is an indi.spensable adjunct to every well- 
regulated pharmacy, not only for occasional reference, 
but also to keep abreast of the times in the profession 
and to refresh the memory by occasional reading of such 
general matter in pharmacy, chemistry, materia medlca, 
etc.. as is apt to escape it through lack of practice. Not 
long ago I was handed a prescription for Condy's fluid 
and was asked how long it would take to prepare it. 
I allowed myself five minutes. I noted a look of sur- 
prise in my customer's demeanor and wondered what 
could have been the reason for it. until I handed him 
the medicine. "I tried to get this prescription filled at 
's." said he, "and they told me that the prepara- 
tion could not be obtained at the wholesale houses, that 
they had never heard of it, and could not tell where I 
would be able to get it." I could read the man's opinion 
of that drug store in his face. Ten minutes after receiving 
the discouraging information, by walking to the next 
corner, he had the medicine in his pocket. This is the 
way prescriptions are turned away from some drug 
stores. In this case it happened to be a larg'e. centrally 
located and presumably first-class drug store. I cite this 
as an instance of a self-sufficient druggist whose books 
of reference are in his head and who needs no others 
with this source to draw from. 

It is a noteworthy fact that there are successful men 
in pharmacy who seek and gain prestige and patronage 
through a reputation for thoroughness, conscientiousness 
and ability, as well as men who vie with each other 
for a reputation for being the greatest cutters. It is 
also observable among these two classes of pharmacists 
that the former are the ones who have generally a toler- 
ably complete collection of books pertaining to their 
business that might be dignified by the name of a small 
library; while the reverse can generally toe said of the 
latter. There is ample room for believing that pharma- 
cists, as well as doctors, can succeed by reason of doing 
a thing well as by doing it cheaply. There is no inten- 
tion to classify the cutter as a type the exact opposite 
of the legitimate pharmacist, but the general fact re- 
mains that men who seek business in a purely business 
way usually neglect it in a professional way, and vice 
versa. Observation will prove that the aggressive adver- 
tising cutters frequently have smaller prescription files 
than others less aggressive in this way. Cutting is done 
mostly in proprietary goods, and the pharmacist who 
aims to excel in pharmacy can do himself no good by 
refusing to meet the prices. But in doing this he should 
not overlook the fact that his business is and his success 
depends on excelling in pharmacy. With this object in 
view, the best investment he can make and the best stock 
in trade he can have for the better practice of pharmacy 
is at least a small library, the ideas and inspirations de- 
rived from which he may barter for public regard and 
its consequent monetary recompense. 

The pharmacist, moreover, spending as he does from 
fourteen to seventeen working hours a day within the 
four walls of his apothecary shop, needs a sort of mental 
recreation within his shop that he is denied outside 
of it. 

Without having accomplished much for shorter hours 



•Reprinted from 'Western Druggist. 



in general, pharmacists concur in the opinion that these 
long hours of servitude and confinement, during which 
they are not always occupied, are an exhausting drain 
on, mind and body. There is no need to dilate upon 
the vacuity of mind, the lack of resolution and the 
feeling of ennui that these long hours entail, more or 
less, according to the nature of the individual upon whom 
they are imposed. 

How much time is frittered away in idle worry that 
could be utilized in gaining facts and inspiration from 
even a very modest library! The reading of books dispels 
ennui, gives an elasticity and tone to the mind, and affords 
a fund of Information for which there is almost always 
an immediate use in discourse with doctors and customers; 
it is suggestive and inspiring, and induces an effort to 
inaugurate innovations and improvements that would 
otherwise in the ordinary course of affairs never have 
occurred to the mind. It incites to action and dispels 
lethargy and lack of resolution. Who has not felt a sud- 
den inspiration when reading a book that led to the for- 
mation of an immediate resolution, resulting not only 
In an exaltation of spirits for tlie time, but leading along 
a train of thought and action directly remunerative? It 
is the striking of a chord that carries you by Its Inspira- 
tion to action and success. This is the function of books 
that to a man like the pharmacist with his long hours of 
confinement conduces materially to his happiness, to his 
usefulness and to his success. 

This being the way that books are peculiarly useful 
to the pharmacist in lessening the tedium of his long 
hours by enabling him to refresh his mind at his book- 
case in a manner analogous to that by which he quenches 
his thirst with drink and satisfies the cravings of his 
hunger with food, we may consider what ought to con- 
stitute his library or at least the nucleus of a library. 

Next in importance to the Pharmacopoeia and the 
dispensatories are the text books on pharmacy, chemistry, 
materia medica, botany, imicrosco'py, therapeutics, etc., 
used by the different colleges of pharmacy; and also 
those works that have the approval of the colleges. The 
possession of these books puts the pharmacist in touch 
at once with the whole pharmaceutic bcwiy and enables 
him to keep abreast of the stages by which pharmacy Is 
advancing. I would .suggest having a series of bound 
volumes of at least two pharmaceutical journals (of 
course, the more the better, but I am only considering 
the nucleus for a library) extending over a period of 
five or ten years, it possible. The readers may be left 
to their choice among several very good ones. The Im- 
portance of. say, ten bound volumes each of two such 
pharmaceutical journals cannot be overestimated as en- 
cyclopedic addenda to the ordinary text books, and their 
practical 'worth will be conceded by all who have used 
them in this way. Such a collection of books ought to 
be in the smallest drug store library, and like most things 
that have life in them or back of them it ought to grow. 
Such growth, however, is too Inexhaustible to consider 
in a short article and, moreover, is dependent on too 
many considerations to make any suggestions regarding 
It of general availableness. 

Few pharmacists seem to realize the immense value 
of bound pharmaceutical journals as works of reference. 
Tlicy read them ns they would a d.iily paper, only to 
throw them aside. I have often been pained by seeing 
journals— the accumulation of years— grown over with 
mold and mildew in the cellar, or covered with dust and 
Cobwebs in the attic or lumber room of the drug store. 

It is to be hoped that some day, marking an epoch of 
greater individual successes and its corresponding number 
of merited failures, pharmacists will take a more ex- 
tended interest in their private libraries and have a 
greater appreciation of their worth and usefulness as an 
important means for the advancement of pharmacy; and 
that, when night then sweeps toward the west and leaves 
in its wake the numerous spots of light that illuminate 
the drug stores dotting the broad surface of this country, 
at least a well-illuminated corner .in each one will be 
found to contain a sufflcient number of books to justify 
for it the name of 'Hhe pharmacist's library." 



40 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1901. 



CACODYLIC ACID AND CACODYLATES/ 



BY W. HARRISON MARTINDALE, PH.D , MARBURG. 



These remedies have recently been considerably em- 
ployed in France, and a few remarks on their chemical 
nature and therapeutic uses may be of value. Com- 
mencing ab Initio we have; 

(a) Tetra-methyl dl-arsenlde, AsCCHs)^ 

I , syn. cacodyl. 

As(CH3) = 
And as exidation products, 

/ As = (CHa)" 

(b) Tetra-methyl-dl-arslne oxide, O , sj'n. 

^ As = (CHs)= 
cacodyl oxide, and 

/OH 

(c) Di-methyl-arsinlc acid, = As — CH,, syn. cacodyl- 

A CHj ic acid. 

In the molecules of all these compound.s the arsenic is 
supposed to be joined directly with the carbon. In pass- 
ing from the cacodyl oxide to the acid the arsenic changes 
from trivalent to rentavalent. 

On heating an alkaline acetate with arsenious add. 
Cadet's Fluid, a mi.xture of cacodyl oxide and some caco- 
dyl, is produced, and in the commercial preparation of 
cacodylic acid equal parts of potassium acetate and arsen- 
ious acid are dry distilled to obtain this fluid. This is 
then redistilled in a current of hydrogen and treated under 
cold water with mercuric oxide in small quantities at a 
time. The oxidation takes place rapidly, considerable 
heat is evolved and the well-known odor of cacodyl dis- 
appears. 

The supernatant liquid containing the cacodylic acid 
and a small quantity of mercury cacodylate ( which is 
removed by adding a few drops of cacodyl) is decanted 
from the metallic mercury and evaporated to dryness. 
The acid is then extracted from the residue by hot alco- 
hol, and is thus obtained in a sufficiently pure state. If 
further purification be desired the barium salt may be 
prepared and decomposed with sulphuric acid. 

Cacodylic acid is a monobasic acid having the mole- 
cular weight 138. It may be obtained as anhydrous, 
colorless and odorless crystals In the form of oblique 
rhombic prisms. It is very soluble in water, less in al- 
cohol, and is fairly stable, though deliquescing and alter- 
ing in composition in moist air. A sample kept eighteen 
months in a corked bottle possessed a marked alliaceous 
odor, the crystals were adherent and appeared moist — 
the amount of moisture absorbed from the atmosphere 
was, however, not great, inasmuch as 0.5662 Gm. lost on 
drying at 120° only % milligram. 

The acid contains .54.3 per cent, arsenic, equivalent to 

71.7 per cent, arsenous acid. The arsenic is not precipi- 
tated with hydrogen sulphide — cacodyl sulphide is formed. 
Cacodylic acid reacts acid to phenol-phthalein and litmus, 
but neutral to methyl orange. It melts at 200° C. without 
decomposition, but at a higher temperature is rapidly 
altered. 

As test for purity is required absence of chlorides 
or sulphates. Further, a solution should not deposit on 
making faintly alkaline with baryta water— or with lime 
water, if traces of sulphate be present (absence of oxa- 
lates, arsenous or arsenic acids). It should not give re- 
actions characteristic for arsenates. 

SODIUM CACODYLATE. 

This salt has the formula O = As(CH3)20Na+nAq. 
Molecular weight, 100. It is prepared by exactly neutralis- 
ing cacodylic acid with sodium hydrate. It contains 

46.8 per cent, arsenic, equivalent to 61.8 per cent. As-Oj 
The salt is very deliquescent and contains a variable 

quantity of water according to the temperature at which 
crystallization took place and the nature of the solvent 
used. That in commerce contains mostly two to three 
molecules. Two samples dried at 120° C. lost (A, good 
crystals) 23.7. and (B. coarse powder) 11 per cent, water 
(sodium cacodylate -f SH-O = 25 per cent. H.O, sodium 
cacodylate -h2H:.0 = IS per cent. H^O). 

It forms prismatic crystals which are very deliquescent 
and easily soluble in water and alcohol. It melts at about 
60° In its water of crystallization and solidifies. An aque- 
ous solution does not precipitate with hydrogen sulphide. 

•From Pharm. Jour. 



It should be tested for impurities as mentioned under 
cacodylic acid. 

A method of titration has been ingeniously devised by 
MM. Imbert and Astruc, employing the indicators phenol- 
phthalein and methyl orange. Many commercial samples 
of the salt contain variable quantities of free cacodylic 
acid which has become disassociated in the process of 
manufacture and are therefore acid to phenol-phthalein. 
This Is neutralized with soda before titrating with N/10 
acid. 

A solution N/10 of the salt is prepared by dissolving 
1.6 Gm. in 100 Cc. of water. Of this 10 Cc. are neutralized 
with soda in the presence of phenol-phthalein. A few 
drops of methyl orange are added and the whole is then 
titrated with N/10 acid. The first drops of the acid 
cause the pink color of the phenol-phthalein to disappear, 
giving place to the yellow of the methyl orange, which 
will finally turn pink in the ordinary way when the end 
reaction with acid is reached. 

MM. Imbert and Astruc then direct— multiply the 
number of Cc. of acid thus used by 10— this will give the 
percentage of pure (dry) sodium cacodylate. 

This is a convenient formulation provided there are 
negligible quantities only of free cacodylic acid present. 
Working on my before-mentioned samples on the above 
lines the sample A required a drop only of N/10 soda to 
neutralize the negligible free acid contained in it, but for 
B no less than 5 Cc. were required and this quantity 
should evidently be deducted from the number of Cc. 
of N/10 HCi. afterwards necessary to decompose the 
whole amount of sodium cacodylate (that originally 
present together with that formed in titration). Taken 
as cacodylic acid the quantity of N/10 soda (5 Cc.) used 
13.8 X 5 

would indicate = 0.069 Gm., or 43 per cent, free 

1,000 
cacodylic acid. This sample was an old one and distinctly 
abnormal. The authors of the method found 9.6, 27.6, and 
27.6 per cent, free acid in three commercial samples which 
they examined. 

In a control experiment which I conducted using known 
but odd quantities — preferred to the above method — of pure 
cacodylic acid and of the above sodium cacodylate which 
contained no free acid. 10 Cc. of a solution of the acid 
and salt together (0.975 Gm. of the salt with 0.59 Gm. of 
the acid in lOO Cc. being the actual figures), were titrated 
with acid and alkali as described. The number of Cc. of 
soda necessary In the first stage of the estimation was 
deducted from the number of Cc. of acid afterwards re- 
quired and good results were obtained— 0.59 Gm. of tree 
cacodylic acid and 0.9()9 Gm. of sodium, cacodylic were 
proved to be present in the, 100 C. of solution. 

In another experiment I took 1.0 Gm. sodium caco- 
dylate (containing 15 per cent. H2O) and 0.6 Gm. cacodylic 
acid, making together 1.6 Gm. of a sample such as might 
be met with in commerce— a bad one, it is true. This 
quantity was dissolved in 100 Cc, making a solution 
N/10, as described above. For neutralizing the acid 
present in 10 Cc. of this solution 4.4 Cc. N/10 soda were 
required. Therefore quantity of cacodylic acid present in 
13.8X4.4X10 

100 Cc. = = 0.607 Gm. (0.6 Gm. taken). 

1.000 
Further, 9.6 Cc. of N/10 acid were then required to 
neutralize, after adding methyl orange. Therefore, 9.6 — 
4.4 = 5.2 Cc., which multiplied 'by 10 gives us 52 per cent. 
anhydrous sodium cacodylate = 61 per cent, reckoned with 
15 per cent. H.O. The mixture taken above (l.O-fO.6 Gm.) 
contains 62.5 per cent, hydrous sodium cacodylate. 
Or one may calculate thus: 

16.0X5.2X10 

5.2 Cc. N/10 acid = = 0.83 Gm. 

1,000 
anhydrous sodium cacodylate = 0.98 Gm. hydrous salt 
(1 Gm. was taken). 

Had one not deducted the number of Cc. of soda from 
the number of Cc. of acid, as explained, one would say 
the salt contained 9.6 X10 = 96 per cent, pure dry sodium 
cacodylate, which Is not the case. 

In titrating with methyl orange I find it a good plan 
to have two flasks of control colors alongside the one 



January lo, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



4t 



titrated, one with water and a few drops of methyl orange 
and the other with water, methyl orange and a drop or 
two of acid; by this means, using a white ground, the end 
reaction in titrating is rendered more distinct. 

Although these cacodylates are of comparative non- 
virulence and although the molecular weights of sodium 
cacodylate and cacodylic acid do not differ very greatly, 
nevertheless considering tiieir nature and in view of tlie 
many recent arsenic troubles cacodylates should be care- 
fully examined, and all solutions of cacodylates should he 
standardized— especially those of the deliquescent sodium 
salt. 

The process of standardization described above is 
simple and quickly conducted. 

OTHER CACODYLATES. 

Of the other cacodylates may be mentioned the potas- 
sium salt, %vhich is more deliquescent than the sodium 
compound and contains one mol. aq. ; lithium salt, soluble 
In water and alcohol; calcium salt, with nine mols. aq. 
prepared by neutralizing milk of lime with cacodylic acid; 
magnesium salt, soluble, crystallizing with difficulty; sil- 
ver salt, stable to light when dry, but blackened on moist- 
ening; all of which are normal as to chemical formulae. 
The iron salt is of variable composition— this should be 
[0 = As(CHa)=0]°Fe2. and it should yield about 20 per 
cent. FeaOj. That in commerce is said to t>e often a mix- 
ture of oxides of iron with cacodylic acid. Mercury caco- 
dylate is obtained in prismatic crystals from alcoholic 
solution. It is soluble in cold water, but the aqueous 
solution is decomposed when heated. The alcoholic solu- 
tion is not altered on warming. Otlier compounds are 
guaiacol cacodylate of uncertain composition, alkaloidal 
cacodylates and cinnamyl-cacodylic acid which is said 
to contain a molecule of each of the component acids 
and to be crystallizable. 

THERAPEUTIC NOTES. 

The acid was recommended some years ago by Gautier 
for various skin diseases, and its use was attended with 
considerable success. 

The same worker has since detected arsenic in various 
parts of the human hody, notably the thyroid gland, and 
he concluded that its presence is essential, especially is 
it important to the thyroid, indeed, he sums up in the 
words, "no thyroid wittiout arsenic, no health without 
thyroid." He claims to have defined its existence in the 
form of "arsenucleins." Sheep's thyroids were extracted 
with pepsin and acid, and the peptones formed T\'ere fil- 
tered off after fifty-six hours' digestion. From the un- 
dissolved portion the nuclein bodies amounted to about 
1 per cent., and contained, together with iodine, an ap- 
preciable quantity of arsenic, whereas the peptone solu- 
tion was void of it. 

Gautier has finally brought the acid into prominence 
by using it in place of existing arsenical compounds, 
most of which are badly tolerated by a large percentage 
of persons. 

The sodium salt in particular has been used, by the 
mouth, hypodermically, or by rectal injection. 

By the niouth V-> grain pills may be given three or four 
times a day, or the equivalent may be administered in 
solution. This method may cause an alliaceous odor of 
the ibreath and be attended with derangement of the di- 
gestive organs. 

Hypodermically, 1-3 grain in 10 minims of water, in- 
creased to a grain or more has been employed in this 
country as an initial dose. 

On the Continent, Gautier uses hypodermically a sterile 
solution of sodium cacodylate standardized to contain 
0.05 Gm. (% grain) of cacodylic acid in 1 Cc. (17 m.)— an 
average adult dose once in twenty-four hours. 

By many the hypodermic method is much preferred as 
larger doses can be given and the breaking up of the 
compound in the digestive tract does not thereby produce 
poisonous effects. 

For rectal injection a solution containing % grain in 1 
to 4 dr. of water is employed. 

The administration is intermittent — regularly every 
day for a week, resuming again after a break of a week 
or so, and so on. 

Sodium cacodylate has been employed in tuberculosis, 
phthisis and consumptive cases generally, in diabetes 
mellitus, exophthalmic goitre, pernicious anaemia, cancer 
(particularly of the stomach), malaria, chorea, and in all 
cases in which arsenic had been employed. 

The iron salt, although not virulent, appears to be 
somewhat toxic. A 2 per cent, solution has been used 
hypodermically In chlorosis. Dose, 1 Cc. per day, in- 
creased. A 3 per cent, solution of the mercury salt has 
been used in syphilis. Dose, 1 Cc. per day. 



QUESTION BOX 

The object of this department is to furnish our sub- 
scribers and their clerks with reliable and tried formulas 
and to discuss questions relating to practical pharmacy, 
prescription work, dispensing difficulties, etc. 

Requests for information are not acknowledged by 
mail, and ANONYMOUS COMMUNICATIONS RECEIVE 
NO ATTENTION; neither do we answer queries In this 
department from non-subscribers. In this department 
frequent reference is necessarily made to information 
published in previous issues of the Era. Copies of these 
may be obtained at ten cents each. 



BnlBam de Maltha — (Veterinary.) Balsam de Maltha 
or balsam di Mai ti— the spelling of the name varies— 
Is an old-time name for a preparation closely resembling 
compound tincture of benzoin, which is now usually dis- 
pensed when the former preparation is wanted. An old 
recipe book gives the tollowinsc formula tor preparing 
It: Powdered benzoin, 3 ounces; balsam of Peru, 2 ounces; 
powdered aloes, % ounce; rectified spirits of wine, 1 
quart. Put all of the ingredients in a bottle and digest 
them for a week or two; then strain the balsam; or it 
may be used by taking the clear liquid from the top as 
wanted. This authority states that it may be used ex- 
ternally or internally, and that "it is said to ease the 
colic, cleanse the kidneys and heals internal ulcers." 
Another formula calls for "gum benzoin, 2 ounces; gum 
aloes, 1 ounce, and alcohol, 2 pints." 



Shoe Polish — (B. M. C.) We cannot give the formulas 
for the proprietary articles. For formulas for russet and 
tan shoe polishes see this journal July o. 1000, page 8, 
and July 19, 11)00, page 57. Here are some others: 
Tan Shoe Paste. 

Dark yellow wax 1 ounce 

Palm oil 1 ounce 

Oil of turpentine 3 ounces 

Melt together on a water-bath and color if desired with 
5 grains of Nankin brown dissolved in a little spirit. 
Black Liquid Shoe Polish. 

■Wliite wax, cut in small pieces 3 drams 

Ether 3 ounces 

Logwood extract 4 drams 

Gallic acid 2 drams 

Tincture ferric chloride 1 ounce 

Alcohol to 36 ounces 

Dissolve the wax in the ether. Allow the extract of log- 
wood and gallic acid to macerate in the alcohol with oc- 
casional agitation during twenty-four hours; then strain 
through cloth and add the tincture of iron. Now add the 
mixture thus prepared to the solution of wax and again 
strain through cloth. Other formulas may be found in 
previous volumes of the Era. Consult the indexes. 



Glycerine Candy (F. W. B.) We know of no for- 
mula under this title. Under the name of glycerine pas- 
tilles or "cough candies" the following formula has been 
recommended: Gum arable, 32 pounds; sugar, 14 pounds; 
glycerine, 2 pounds; water, 2 gallons. These are warmed 
by steam heat until, with occasional stirring, the gum 
and sugar are dissolved, then strained. Some makers 
dissolve the gum arable alone in the -water, strain, then 
add the sugar, and heat until it is dissolved. When solu- 
tion is effected the preparation must be steadily heated 
until it attains a proper pourable consistency. When it 
Is approaching this point the coloring and flavoring' mater- 
ials are added, the whole well mixed, and poured to the 
depth of about half an inch or so in oiled tin trays (jujube 
boxes), or, if to be in the form of pastilles, the thick 
syrupy liquid is poured into moulds made in trays of 
farina. These trays are next put into the drying rooms 
for a longer or shorter period until sufficiently dried. 
Glycerine pastilles are often coated with a plain solution 
of gelatin to prevent them from sticking. 

Another method is the following: 

Transparent French gelatine 4 ounces. 

White sugar 4 ounces. 

Glycerine 2 ounces. 

Water, sufficient to make 16 fl. ounces. 

The gelatin is soaked in the water for two hours, then 
heated on a water bath till dissolved, and the glycerine 
added. This mass may be flavored with 20 minims of 
oil of lemon and for some combinations a small amount 
of citric acid is a decided improvement. This beise may 
be further medicated as desired by first melting It on a 



42 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1901. 



water-balh and stirring In the medicaments rubbed to a 
thick syrup with glycerine if a powder, stirring until 
nearly cool, pouring Into an oiled tin box-lid and cutting 
the mass Into pastilles when cold. 



PoiKon LawK In Xew York State ami IlllnolH.— 

(H. E. N. and J. J. P.) Legislation since the last edition 
of the Era Poison Register was issued has changed the 
provisions of the poison laws of Xew York State and 
Illinois. The following abstracts of the laws under their 
respective headings should therefore be substituted for 
those now appearing in the Register: 

The New York State Pharmacy law, which became 
operative January 1, llKil, provides that 

It shall be unlawful for any person to sell at retail 
or furnish anj^ of the poisons named in the schedules 
hereinafter set forth, without afBxing or causing to be 
affixed, to the bottle, tiox, vessel or package, a label con- 
taining the name of the article and the word "poison" 
distinctly shown, with the name and place of business of 
the seller, all printed in red ink. together with the name 
of such poisons printed or written thereupon in plain, 
legible characters, which schedules are as follows, to wit: 
SCHEDULE A. 

Arsenic, cyanide of potassium, hydrocyanic acid, co- 
caine, morphine, strychnia and all other poisonous vege- 
table alkaloids and their salts, oil of bitter almonds, con- 
taining hydrocyanic acid, opium and its preparations, 
except paregoric and such others as contain less than two 
grains of opium to the ounce. 

SCHEDULE B. 
Aconite, belladonna, cantharides, colchicum. conium, 
cotton root, digitalis, ergot, hellebore, henbane, Phyto- 
lacca, strophanthus, oil of tansy, veratrum viride and 
their pharmaceutical preparations, arsenical solutions, 
carbolic acid, chloral hydrate, chloroform, corrosive sub- 
limate, creosote, croton oil, mineral acids, oxalic acids, 
Paris green, salts of lead, salts of zinc, white hellebore or 
any drug, chemical or preparation which, according to 
standard works on medicine or materia medica, is liable 
to be destructive to adult human life in quantities of sixty 
grains or less. Every person who shall dispose of or sell 
at retail or furnish any poisons included under schedule 
A shall, before delivering the same, make or cause to be 
made an entry in a book kept for that purpose, stating the 
date of sale, the name and address of the purchaser, the 
name and quantity of the poison, the purpose for which 
It is represented by the purchaser to be required and the 
name of the dispenser, such book to be always open for 
inspection by the proper authorities, and to be preserved 
for at least five years after the last entry. He shall not 
deliver any of said poisons without satisfying himself 
that the purchaser is aware of its poisonous character 
and that the said poison is to be used for a legitimate 
purpose. The foregoing portions of this section shall not 
apply to the dispensing of medicines or poisons on phy- 
sicians' prescriptions. Wholesale dealers in drugs, medi- 
cines, pharmaceutical preparations or chemicals shall affix 
or cause to be affixed to every bottle, box. parcel or outer 
enclosure of an original package containing any of the 
articles enumerated in schedule A of this act, a suitable 
label or brand in red ink with the word "poison" upon it. 
The board of pharmacy shall have authority to add to 
either of the above schedules from time to time, whenever 
it shall deem such action necessary tor the protection of 
the public. 

Illinois.— Sales of Poisons— No person shall sell at retail 
any poisons commonly recognized as such, and especially 
aconite, arsenic, belladonna, binlodide of mercury, car- 
bolic acid, chloral hydrate, chloroform, conium, corrosive 
sublimate, creosote, croton oil, cyanide of potassium. 
digilralis, hydrocyanic acid, laudanum, morphine, nux 
vomica, oil of bitter almonds, opium, oxalic acid, strych- 
nine, sugar of lead, sulphate of zinc, white precipitate, 
red precipitate, without affixing to the box, bottle, vessel 
or package containing the same, and to the wrapper or 
cover thereof, a label bearing the name of the article, and 
the -word "poison" distinctly shown, with the name and 
place of business of the seller, -who shall not deliver 
any of said poisons to any person under fifteen years of 
age, nor shall he deliver any of said poisons to any per- 
son -without satisfying himself that such poison is to be 
used for a legitimate purpose. These requirements do not 
apply to the dispensing of poisons on physicians' prescrip- 
tions. 

Penalty, $5 for each offense. 

Paragraph 63, Criminal Code, provides that if any 
druggist or other person sells or gives away any arsenic, 
strychnine, corrosive sublimate or prussic acid without 



the written prescription of a physician and falls to keep 
a record of the date of such sale or gift, the article and 
amount thereof sold or given away, and the name of the 
person to whom delivered, he shall be fined not exceeding 
$50 for each neglect. The purchaser who gives a false 
or fictitious name shall he punished in the same manner. 

An Act passed in 181)7 makes it unlawful to retail or to 
sell or to give away any cocaine, its salts or any prepara- 
tion containing It or them except upon the written pre- 
scription of a licensed physician or licensed dentist of the 
State. P>rovisions of the section do not apply to sales In. 
the usual (luantities at wholesale where the manufacturer 
or wholesale dealer affixes a label specifically setting 
forth the proportion of cocaine contained in any prepara- 
tion. 

Penalty: First offense, not less than $10 nor more than 
$.50; each subseciuent offense, not less th.-.n ,5."in nor more 
than ,$200 or imprisonment in the county jail, or both. 



EARTHNUT (ARACHIS C|R PEANUT) OIL INDUS- 
TRY.— The American Consul at Marseilles, reporting 
lately on the earthnut oil industry, observes that more oil 
is extracted in Marseilles from oleaginous seeds than in 
any other place in Europe, and the industry Is beginning 
to flourish again after the depression produced by th& 
introduction of American cotton-seed-oil and the failure 
of the seed crops elsewhere. As no special machinery or 
process is employed in the manufacture of earthnut oil, 
as distinct from other oil seeds, the manufacturers crush, 
arachides, or earthnuts, when the market is favorable, 
but not to the exclusion of other seeds. Last year over 
71,000 tons of earthnuts reached Marseilles; at Bordeaux 
a large quantity of West African nuts of good quality 
is crushed, and there are some mills in the north of 
France, but Marseilles stands preeminent In the industry. 
The nuts are scarcely ever ground whole, as this pro- 
duces inferior oil and cake of little value. In fact, a 
large quantity of nuts arrives shelled, after which the 
inner or red skin is removed as much as possible by pro- 
cesses resembling those for cleaning wheat in flour mills. 
These are described in detail in the report. After the 
kernels have been separated and cleaned, they are 
ground, and , enveloped in strong fibrous mats; are sub- 
jected to hydraulic pressure and the clarifying of the 
oil done by means of filters and fuller's earth. The 
'nusks are sometimes ground with the cake, and form an 
inferior food for cattle, and when coal is dear they are 
used as fuel in the oil mills. The crude oil runs out thick 
and turbid and must be filtered to make it a bright yel- 
low, while if it is to be water-white in color it must be 
treated further with bone-black and fuller's earth. It is 
stated that no alkaline lye is used, but the art is some- 
what secret. The sources of supply are Bombay, Mozam- 
bique and Senegal. In some years African supply is. 
wholly sw-amped by the supplies from India, and at one 
time it seemed that Africa would be unable to compete 
permanently with India. But though the latter still 
sends large quantities of nuts to Marseilles, it appears to- 
be using more and more of its crop at home, so that 
while the imports between 1S90 and 18£>.5 were mostly 
from India, from 1.S9B to 1809 they were mainly from 
Africa. In the earlier years of the decade American 
cotton-seed oil menaced the crushing trade of Marseilles 
with extinction because of its low price, but apparently- 
new demands for oils have arisen, for the production in 
Marseilles has returned to its former average, and prices 
also, after serious derangements, have resumed their old 
level. There has been a world-wide decrease in the 
amount of animal grease, while America is consuming her 
own cotton-seed oils in vastly increasing quantities, and 
the conseqtience is an increased demand for vegetable oils. 
Although the production of the nuts in Africa is enor- 
mous, no improvement in the mode of cultivation or the 
price is anticipated for years to come. The soil is readily 
exhausted by the crop and nothing is done ty restore its 
virtues; labor, though cheap, is thriftless and hard to 
obtain when wanted and transportation' is defective. 
The uses of the oil are numerous; it is described as "the 
most polymorphous of all oils, adapting itself to all pur- 
poses, including nutrition, lighting, lubrication and blend- 
ing." It is the most difficult of all oils to detect when 
used for adulterating olive oil; The best qualities are, 
in fact, used for the table, either pure or mixed with olive 
or sesame oil; as an illuminant it gives a soft, white 
light; when neutralized it is much esteemed for lubricat- 
ing and is always preferred to cotton-seed oil. It Is alsO' 
largly used in the manufacture of soap and is the char- 
acteristic component of the famous Marseilles white soap. 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



NEW YORK AND VICINITY. 



NEW BOARD OF PHARMACY ORGANIZES AT 
ALBANY. 



Dmtes Fixed for Bxnuiinntious for Licenses In the 

New York District and OWlcers Elected— By- 

Lans ^Vlilch AVill Be In Force. 

Albany, Jan. ".—The new State Board of Pharmacy was 
organized to-day. < 

These officers were elected: 
President, Robert K. Smither. Buffalo; general secre- 
tary. Sidney Faber, New York; first vice-president, Byron 
M. Hyde. Rochester; second vice-president, Albert H. 
Brundage, Brooklyn; chairman (Eastern Branch), Clar- 
ence A. Bigelow. New York; secretary, Sidney Faber, New 
York; chairman (Middle Branch). Charles B. Sears. Au- 
burn; secretary, Warren L. Bradt, Albany; chairman, 
(Western Branch), Alfred M. Palmer, Olean; secretary, 
George Reiman, Buffalo. 

Examinations for licenses will be held in the New York 
district as follows: 

Brooklyn, January 16; New York, February 20; Brook- 
lyn, March 20; New York, April 17; Brooklyn, May 15; 
New York, June 19; Brooklyn, September IS; New York. 
October 16; Brooklyn, November 20; New York, December 
18. 



BY-L,AWS OF THE 1VE\%' YORK STATE BOARD 
OF PHARMACY. 

1.— The Board of Pharmacy shall organize annually 
In accordance with the provisions of the pharmacy law; 
It shall hold regular meetings in January, April, June 
and October. The president may call special meetings 
at such times and places as in his judgment the work 
of the board may demand, and he must call such meetings 
upon the request in writing of five of the members of 
the board. The June meeting shall be held at the time 
and place of the annual convention of the New York 
State Pharmaceutical Association, the January meeting, 
and. unless otherwise ordered, all the other regular meet- 
ings shall be held in the city of Albany. 

2.— The officers of the hoard shall be. a president, 
first and second vice-presidents and a secretary-treasurer; 
such ofBcers shall be elected by ballot, and the vice- 
presidents shall be chosen from the branches other than 
the one of which the president is a member. The duties 
of the president and vice-presidents shall be such as 
usually pertain to those offices. In case of the inability, 
neglect or refusal of the president to perform any duties 
of his office, the vice-presidents in order of their rank 
shall have the right to perform such duties. 

3. — At the annual meeting of the board, the president 
shall appoint the following committees, each having 
three members, one from each branch: (1) A Committee 
on Finance; (2) A Committee on Inspection, Complaints 
and Prosecutions; (3) A Committee on Registration; 

(4) A Committee on Adulterations and Substitutions; 

(5) A Committee on Sale of Poisons. 

4.— The amount of the bond to be furnished by the 
secretary-treasurer of the board is hereby fixed at .$3,000, 
and that of the secretary-treasurer of each of the 
branches at .$3,000. said bonds to be surety company 
bonds, and the expense thereof is to be defrayed by the 
board and the branches thereof respectively; said bonds 
shall run, to the "Board of Pharmacy of the State of 
New York," and shall be sub.iect to the approval of the 
president of the board, and shall be filed with him. It 
shall be the duty of the president, assisted by the secre- 
tary, to prepare and present all reports required by law, 

5.— The secretary-treasurer shall discharge such duties 
as are imposed upon him by law, and such others as 
the board may direct; he shall render on the first day 
of January and the first day of June, to the president 
of the board, a complete statement of its financial con- 
dition, and shall furnish a copy of the same to each 
member of the board, 

6. — At each regular quarterly meeting he shall present 
to the board a written report, giving a brief summary 
of the work of the board for the quarter last past; he 
shall be the responsible custodian of the books and papers 
of the board; shall at each annual meeting present to 
the board an inventory of all the property of the board 
In his care, and the bond of a secretary-treasurer going 
out of office, shall not be satisfied until he shall present 
to the board a receipt from his successor for said prop- 
erty; he is authorized to pay monthly his salary, and the 
salary of the other employes of the board, if any; such 
payments shall be made ujion w,-irrants signed by the 
president and the chairman of the Committee on Finances. 
The expenses of the members of the board shall be paid 
from time to time, after having been audited by the 



Finance Committee, and the per diem remuneration shall 
be paid semi-annually. 

".— It shall be his duty to attend to the proper filling 
in, engrossing and distribution of all license certificates, 
also to the printing and distribution of blanks and printed 
forms of every kind and nature used by the board; he 
shall receive from the several branches their reports 
upon examinations held by them. He shall also notify 
the members, in writing, or all the meetings of the board. 

S.— The Committee un l-in.iinf .•■hall audit all bills and 
expenditures of the board, .inj at each annual meeting 
shall present a statement in detail of the estimated re- 
ceipts and expenditures for the ensuing year as a basis 
lor the fixing of the fees by the board. It shall also 
determine what proportion of the funds necessary to meet 
the general expenses of the board shall be drawn from 
each of the branches respectively, basing said determina- 
tion upon the income of the respective branches from 
licenses and registrations. It shall be the duty of this 
committee to examine and report upon the books and 
records of the secretary-treasurer of the board and of the 
several branches thereof, and it is hereby authorized to 
employ an expert accountant to assist it in its work; such 
examinations shall be made at least annually, and oftener 
in the discretion of the committee. 

9.— The Committee on Inspection, Complaints and Prose- 
cution shall aid and co-operate with the local branches in 
the interpretation and enforcement of the law, with a 
view of securing a uniform and effective policy in the 
same throughout the State; it shall have power to employ 
inspectors and to secure legal counsel upon the recom- 
mendation of the branches within whose jurisdiction 
such inspector and counsel shall act under such limita- 
tions as may be prescribed by the board. 

10.— The Committee on Registration shall give special 
attention to the registration of all places coming within 
the meaning of the law, and shall recommend to the board 
suitable requirements to be demanded as a pre-requisite 
to such registration. 

11.— The Committee on Adulterations and Substitutions 
shall give attention to the character and standard of 
purity of drugs and medicines dispensed and sold in the 
State, and shall recommend from time to time to the board 
such rules and by-laws as will properly control the same; 
and have power to employ a chemist, 

12.— The Committee on Sale of Poisons shall give atten- 
tion to the enforcement of that part of the law regu- 
lating the sale of poisons; and shall recommend from 
time to time to the board such alterations or additions 
to the poison schedule, or such regulations regarding 
the careful keeping and sale of poisons, and use of 
special containers for certain poisons as the public safety 
may demand. 

13.— Examinations shall be held on the third Wednesday 
of each month, excepting July and August, in the Eastern 
and Western Sections, and not less than on five of the 
above mentioned dates in the Middle Section, namely 
in February, April, June, September and November. 

The Eastern Section is to hold its examination.^ al- 
ternately at the New York and Brooklyn Colleges of 
Pharmacy. The Middle Section is to hold them simul. 
taneously at Albany and Rochester, and the Western 
Section is to hold them at Buffalo. 

14.— Examination shall be divided under four heads, viz: 
(1) Materia Medica (including Botany, Pharmacognosy 
and the identification of vegetable and animal drugs): 
|2) Pharmaceutical Chemistry (including Pharmacy ana 
Chemistry from the standpoint of the pharmacist, and 
the identification of Chemicals and Galenicals; (3) Prac- 
tical Pharmacy (including practical work at the prescrip- 
tion case, and the reading and interpretation of prescrip- 
tions; (4) Toxicology and Posology. 

15.— The questions shall be arranged as far as prac- 
ticable in ten (10) questions under each head, for the 
grade of Licensed Druggist, and fifteen (15) for the 
grade of Licensed Pharmacist; ten of the fifteen ques- 
tions to be used in the examination for the grade of 
Licensed Pharmacist shall be selected by the branch 
formulating such questions, and printed on a separate 
paper for the examination for the grade of Licensed 
Druggist; in each case the value of each question when 
fully answered shall be marked opposite it by the branch 
formulating the same, for the guidance of the several 
examiners. 

16.— The examination for the grade of Licensed Drug- 
gist shall have for its object the ascertaining that the 
examinee has a reasonable knowledge of pharmacy, dis- 
pensing and compounding of drugs, can detect incom- 
patibilities and over-doses, and can safely be entrusted 
with the handling of a comprehensive line of drugs and 
medicines undc-r the general supervision of a Licensed 
Pharmacist. He must attain a general average of 75 
per cent., with no less than 60 per cent, in any one 
department. 

17.— The examination for the grade of Licensed Phar- 
macist shall include questions determining the ability of 
the examinee to select and preserve the quality of drugs 
handled bv him, as well as a thorough knowledge of 
the business in all its other branches. The examinee 



^4 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1 901. 



musl attain a seneral average ot 73 per cent., with no 
less than (K) per tent. In any one department. 

18.— In Materia Medica the klentlfUation of drugs .sh.all 
eonstitulc .'lO per cent, of the examination. In Pharma- 
ceutical Chemi.stry 40 per cent, .shall be practical work. 
In Practical Pharmacy 00 per cent, shall be practical 
work In Toxicologv and Posology Gi> per cent, shall be 
Toxicology and 40 per cent, shall be Posology. 

19._\Vi"th the exception of ojjeratlve dispensing, no 
part of any examination can be held outside ot the 
following hours: Materia Medica and Pharmaceutical 
Chemistry, from 0.30 a. m. to V2.:M) p. m. Practical 
Pharmacj- and Toxicology, from i; p. m. to .i p. m. 

20.— Answers to the examination questions must be 
written on blanks furnished by the board. On the first 
examination under a given application any candidate 
attaining 7.'> per cent, in each of three subjects, but failing 
to obtain the requisite per cent, in the fourth subject, 
may confine the second examination to that subject 
in which he was deficient. In such a case, the second 
examination will not be given until three months after 
the first examination, and the candidate choosing to 
avail himself of this provision must give ten days' notice 
in writing lo the secretary. 

21.— Aside from the effects of poisons and their anti- 
dotes, the examination shall not touch upon Therapeutics. 
22.— Applications for examination must be accompanied 
by the fee. and must be filed with the secretary of the 
branch within whose jurisdiction the candidate resides 
at least ten (10) days iirior to the examination. 

23.— At least two (2) members of the board shall be 
present during an examination of candidates. When it 
is impossible for three members to be present, the mem- 
bers of the branch present may appoint one or more 
licensed pharmacists to act as assistants. 

24.— Examinations shall be conducted only at times 
regularly prescribed in the by-laws. 

25.— Candidates for registration as .Apprentices must 
show public school education of the eighth grade or its 
equivalent, and must be not less than fifteen (15) years 
of age. 

26.— All license certificates shall be signed by the mem- 
bers of tlie entire board. 

27.— No application for registration, examination or 
license will be considered unless made out and duly 
sworn to upon a blank furnished by the board and ac- 
companied by the fee for the same. 

2S.— Every application based upon a license issued upon 
examination by a former board of this State must be ac- 
companied by "the certificate of such license; said certifi- 
cate may be returned to the applicant with the word 
"superseded" plainly and indelibly stamped across the 
face thereof in perforated letters with red ink. 

29.— Examiners must turn over all candidates' examina- 
tion answers to the secretary of their branch at the next 
succeeding examination. The secretary of a local branch 
shall not be assigned a department in the examination, 
but may be called upon to assist the examiners, or to 
take the place of one of them in his absence. 

30.— All per diem expenses necessitated by the holding 
of general meetings of the board, or the work of the 
committees; all expenditures for books, papers, records 
and all stationary used by the board or its branches, 
shall be a charge on the general fund; all the other 
expenditures of the board shall be disbursed out of the 
funds of the resoective branches. 

31.— Each branch shall act on the examinations held 
by it within two weeks after such examinations shall 
have been held, and the local secretary ot such branch 
shall within one week thereafter make a report to the 
general secretary, giving the names ot all examinees, 
the grade for which examined, the percentage received 
on each paper and all other data necessary for the 
general secretary to enable him to report a comprehen- 
sive summary of the work of the board, at its next 
quarterly meeting. 

32.— Eight members shall constitute a quorum at the 
meetings of the general board. 

33. — The number of hours constituting a day's work 
of employes in a drug store or pharmacy in cities having 
at the latest State or United States census a population 
ot a million inhabitants or more, is hereby regulated 
as follows: The working hours are not to exceed ten 
(10) working hours in any day of the week except Satur- 
day, and not to exceed twelve 112) working hours on 
Saturday: Provided, however, that by agreement be- 
tween employer and employee, the distribution ot the 
said working hours through the several days of the week 
may be varied from the above, except that they shall 
not in any e\'ent exceed one hundred and thirty-six (136) 
hours in any two consecutive weeks. 

34. — At each meeting ot the general board, the fol- 
lowing shall be the order of business: (1) Roll call; 
(2) Reading of minutes of previous meeting; (3) Miscel- 
laneous communications; (4) Reports and communica- 
tions from the president; (5) Reports and communica- 
tions from the secretary; (6) Reports from standing 
committees; i7) Reports from special committees; fS) 
Miscellaneous and unfinished business; (9) Adjournment, 



Rnlea Go-verning the Branches. 

1.— The several branches ot the board shall organize 
in accordance with the provisions of the pharmacy law. 

2. — The chairman of each branch shall preside at the 
meetings of the same, and in his absence the members 
shall select one other member to act as temporary chair- 
man. He shall perform such duties properly pertaining 
to his office or prescribed by law or resolution of the 



branch. He may call special meetings of the branch 
at such times and places as he may deem necessary, 
and he or the secretary-treasuier must call such special 
meetings when requested to do so by three (3) members 
of the branch. 

3.— The secretary-treasurer shall perform such duties 
as may be imposed upon him by law or by resolution 
of the branch. He shall be the responsible custodian of 
all the books, records, papers, money and all property 
of the branch, and shall furnish annually to the branch 
and to the general secretary of the board an Inventory 
.ind statement ot all such books, records, papers, money 
and propcrt.v. and the bond of the outgoing secretary- 
treasurer shall not be satisfied until he shall file with 
the secretary-treasurer of the general board a receipt 
for such books, records, papers, money and property. 
He shall give due and timely notice, in writing, of all 
regular and sptcial meetings of the branch. Unless 
otherwise ordered, the secretary shall represent the 
branch at all prosecutions instituted by it, under the 
general supervision of the (.'ommiltee on Prosecutions. 
He shall keep a record ot all licenses and registrations 
in force in his section. 

4. — Order of business to be observed at each meeting 
of the board: (1) Roll call; (2) Reading and approving 
minutes; (3) Reading of communications; (4) Secretaries' 
report on yiolatic»ns, financial report and other matters; 
(3) Unfinished business; (6) New business; (7) Report of 
examiners; (S) Adjournment. 

i).— At each meeting, three members shall constitute 
a quorum. 

TO TEST NEW PHARMACY LAW. 



Talk: of Oreanizinfir a .llovciiietit to Determine 

the ConHtitntioiiality of the Act — Registra- 
tion, Poi^-er of Roarfl and Hand- 
ling of -Moneys the Points 
to Be Contested. 

There is a rumor that a number ot pharmacists in 
Greater New York (some place the number at 500) are 
organizing a movement to test the new State Pharmacy- 
law. One ot the principals in this movement is John Gal- 
lagher, ot Brooklyn, and Mr. Gallagher has the opinions 
of five other well-known pharmacists in his borough to 
bear him out. 

The origin of the rumor, however, seems to be in Man- 
hattan, where it is stated that the druggists of the lower 
Bast Side favor a thorough test ot the law. 

The immediate bone ot contention is the waj' in which^ 
it is asserted, the law "juggles with licenses." This is 
defined as class legislation, which was formulated to op- 
press certain pharmacists. 

Mr. Gallagher was seen at his store, corner Concord 
and Jay streets, Brooklyn, last week, and he stated his 
opinions in a. very positive manner. 

He had heard of the talk that the '.aw was to be tested, 
and knew of one druggist who was willing to contribute- 
$10 to defray the expense of a test case. He had talked withi 
several druggists in Brooklyn, and had received letters 
from two in Manhattan who were in favor of getting court 
decisions on certain sections of the law. Mr. Gallagher 
said he would take no hand in the movement until he 
ascertained what steps the Manhattan pharmacists woulii 
take. If they did not pursue the course talked of it was 
possible that then he would go ahead with it. 

The plan of the agitators in Manhattan is to delegate 
one of their number, registered on diploma, to apply to the^ 
board tor registration in the State outside of this city. 
Ot course, this would have to be refused under the law. 
It is the intention then to have the member start a store 
outside of the jurisdiction of the Eastern branch of the 
board and contest the anticipated action ot the board in 
..'losing the store, revoking the license, in an effort to com- 
pel the member to submit to examination. 

Mr. Gallagher said he believed this particular part of 
the law unconstitutional. He said; "I think there should 
be but one license for the entire State. There should be- 
no assistants or any other division. I think also the Boar(J 
of Pharmacy has entirely to-- much power, but in the first 



January lo. ujoi.j 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



45 



place I object to the manner In which members of the 
Eastern branch were chosen. I am In favor of one State 
board, but I believe we druggists of the Eastern branch 
should have just as mucn right to vote for the members of 
that branch as pharmacists have in otlier sections of the 
State to vote for niPmbers in their branch. Why should 
the election of the live members here be confined to three 
pharmaceutical organizations? 'I don't believe the Ger- 
man Apothecaries' Society has any right to elect a mem- 
ber of the board anyway. I understand the members of 
that society are not allowed to transact the business of 
the society at meetings in English, and I cannot under- 
stand why they should be permitted to conduct an election 
of a member of the Board of Pharmacy In German. The 
Board of Pharmacy should be non-sectarian. I am an 
Irishman. Why might I not form a society of Irish phar- 
macists exclusively and demand representation on the 
board? The whole thing is controlled by an oligarchy. So, 
first of all. I am opposed to the manner of election of the 
Eastern branch members. 

"I am opposed to the powers of the board (1) to regu- 
late the practice of pharmacy, (2) to regulate the sale of 
poisons, (3) to regulate and control the character and 
standard of drugs and medicines dispensed in the State. I 
believe the jurisdiction of the board should be strictly 
specified; the power given them is too far reaching. I 
think the powers delegated to the board properly belong 
to the Legislature, therefore are unconstitutional. I am in 
favor of the shorter hours clause. I am opposed to the 
unlimited power given inspectors. I believe it should be 
regulated what they shall inspect. As I said before, I am 
in favor of one license for the whole State. I am also in 
favor of the United States Pharmacopceia as a standard. 
but I am. opposed to the power of the board to determine 
the quality of drugs. Again. I am opposed to the annual 
registration of drug stores at a cost of $2. About two 
years ago lawyers were required to register but the fee 
was only twenty-five cents. The power of the board 'to 
revoke any license issued by any Board of Pharmacy of 
the State for cause and after an opportunity for a hear- 
ing' is wrong. I don't believe any one has any right to 
take away a druggist's license. I think such a matter 
should be decided by a Supreme Court judge. 

"I am very much against charging clerks $10 for ex- 
amination, as I think that excessive; clerks get low wages 
and such an amount is too high; $5 would be enough. 

"I am opposed also to the four-year requirement. AU a 
man needs nowadays is a common school education, about 
two years in a drug store and some common sense. I don't 
believe, though, any one should be permitted to take a 
board examination under twenty-one years of age. 

"Last of all, I am strongly opposed to the manner of 
distributing the funds of the Eastern branch. I think it 
decidedly unfair to give funds to the New York and Brook- 
lyn Colleges of Pharmacy while the funds up-State go to 
the State Treasury. These colleges are private institu- 
tions. If they gave a few deserving young men free 
scholarships I would be glad to have the money given to 
the colleges. I believe the new^ law was designed to do 
certain pharmacists injury and I am of the opinion there 
are lots of others who believe as I do." 

Assemblyman John Rainey, from the Tenth Assembly 
District of Brooklyn, formerly was a clerk in Mr. Gallag- 
her's store and he is to aid Mr. Gallagher in any move- 
ment for the repeal of the bill. It is said a prominent 
lawyer in New York has interested himself in the case 
and that the law will be tested at an early date. It is 
believed that back of the contemplated movement is the 
Greater New York Pharmaceutical Society, principal 
members of which are R. G. Eccles and A. L. Goldwater. 

DRl'GGIST FOrXD DE:.\D. 

William Johnson, aged forty-five years, a well known 
druggist of Mt. 'N'ernon. N. Y".. was found dead in a rear 
room of his store on Main street, that city, early Wednes- 
day morning. January 2. The discovery was made by a 
policeman. The body was lying on the floor in the drug- 
gist's private office. It rested on its left side in a some- 
what cramped position, which led Chief of Police Tim- 
mons, of Mt. Vernon, to the belief that the case was one 
of suicide. An examination failed to reveal any evidence 
of foul play. It was said Johnson was well-to-do. His 
domestic and business relations were reported to be har- 
monious. 



CAUSE OF TARRANT EXPLOSION. 



*'Chlorate of PotllMll** Snys Prof. 4'liii nill«*r and l*'ire- 

ComniiMMioner S<>ii iiiiel I I'liieeM the <>|iinioii 

liefore llistrlet Atloniej. 

The report of Fire Marshal Peter Seery, liefore whom 
evidence was taken regarding the cause of the fire and 
explosions which ruined the building of Tarrant & Co. 
and many others, Monday, October 2!l, 19110. and which 
was given to Fire Commissioner Scannell Monday. De- 
cember ;il, lOtKi, was made public by that ofliicial Saturday. 
January j. ISHil, when it was placed in the hands of the 
District Attorney. A re<iuest is appended to the report 
that the District Attorney "assist and co-operate in pre- 
senting in legal form the evidence necessary to establish 
criminal responsibility," but the Fire Marshal does not 
place tile responsibility with Tarrant & Co., although he 
believes the company should be examined. The report 
goes over the evidence submitted and also describes the 
building and contents in detail. In relation to the chemi- 
cals stored in the building, of which a member of Tar- 
rant & Co. is alleged to have stated records were kept in 
the safes, the report contains the following: 

"The shipping and receiving departments were on the 
first floor, with enclosed oflice near elevator, and under 
control of Benjamin F. Moorehouse. an employe of 'Tar- 
rant & Co.. whose body was found in the riiins. . . . 
There were three safes belonging to and used by Tarrant 
& Co.. which were found in the ruins, and which I 
caused to be removed to No. 52 Bleecker street, and in 
the presence of Mr. Walsh and a representative of the 
Tarrant Compan.v. caused the safes to be opened and 
the books and records examined, with the hope of finding 
some record of the enumerated articles stored in said 
building. We were unable to find any such record, al- 
though large sums of money were received from Mr. 
Moorehouse and placed to the storage account. The 
system seems to have been very loosely conducted. The 
excuse given was that Moorehouse was an old, faithful 
and trusted employe, and had full charge of the storage 
department." 

Prof. C. F. Chandler, in his opinion, says: 

"After careful consideration of the testimony of all 
the witnesses. I have no doubt that the explosion was 
caused by chlorate of potassium, of which several tons 
were stored on the third and fourth floors. There was 
nothing else in the building capable of causing such an 
explosion. From the stories of witnesses who saw smoke 
coming out of the windows of the fourth story there 
is no doubt but that the fire started there. 

"Chlorate of potassium is not under ordinary circum- 
stances an explosive. Its storage has not been regarded 
as extra hazardous. When it is heated by itself it melts 
quietly and finally boils, giving off pure oxygen gas. 
The liberation of this gas in a fire would undoubtedly 
tend to make the fire much hotter than it otherwise 
would be and much more violent. It is well known that 
mixtures of combustible matters with chlorate are ex- 
plosive, and also that mixtures of oxygen with com- 
bustible gases and vapors are explosive, but it was not 
known until recently that chlorate under any circum- 
stances could explode bv itself. This fact was estab- 
lished by the explosion on May 12, 1.S90, at the chemical 
■works at St. Helen's. Lancashire, Eng. The explosion 
was the result of a fire, as in the Tarrant case, and, as 
in that case, chlorate of potassium was stored in the 
building. The investigation in this case also showed that 
■a portion of the chlorate stored there had become so 
heated bv the fire, fed by the oxygen from the chlorate, 
that it actually exploded. It was established by the 
witnesses that there was nothing else in the Tarrant 
building to account for the explosion but the chlorate 
of potassium. I have not the slightest doubt but that 
the explosion was caused by the substance." 

The report gives the loss of life, seven; ten buildings 
with their contents were totally destroyed: thirty-ttve 
buildings were damaged considerably and 2ilO others had 
windows and plate glass broken by the concussion. The 
damage by fire and explosion is estimated at $l,t)0O,(KK1. 
partly covered by insurance. It is probable that a large 
amount of the loss will not be paid, as the Board of 
I'nderwriters has decided to contest all losses resulting 
"solely from explosion." The board held a meeting last 
week in the Mutual Life Insurance Company building in 
Nassau street, for the one purpose of discussing action in 
relation to paying the claims from the fire and explosions. 
A lively discussion resulted and it was finally agreed, 
from reports presented by a private investigator of the in- 
surance companies, that the fire would have caused com- 
paratively little damage had it not been for the explosions, 
which were caused 'by large quantities of chemicals car- 
ried in violatio.i of the law by Tarrant & Co. The chemi- 
cals reported in the building when the fire broke out 
were: Thirty-five tons of chlorate of iwtash. 100 barrels 
of rolled sulphur. 42 barrels flowers of sulphur. 44 barrels 
flour of sulphur, 55 kegs of chlorate of potash, lti5 kegs 
nitrate of strontia and 60 kegs nitrate of barium, with 
acids of every description stored there by dlftrent whole- 
sale drug houses. 



46 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1901. 



BOARD OF PHARMACY REPORT. 



Records of Xen- York City Uoard Since 1898. 

Sidney Faber. as secretary, submitted the following 
report of the New York City Board of Pharmacy for the 
year ending December '■il. liKK), at the last meeting. Mon- 
day, December 31. 19(X). and It was duly adopted: 

To the Board of Pharmacy of the City of New York: 
Gentlemen;— The undersigned has tlie honor of sub- 
mitting the following report of the work performed by 
the Board of Pharmacy during the year l!)(ii». 

Eight hundred and eight persons (among theni 159 
doctors) have been registered from January 1 liXX), up 
to Deceml>er, 1900, making a grand total of 5,823 persons 
registered by the board since its organisation, January 
1, 1898. 

During the yiar the Board has heUl ten examination 
and eleven business meetings, and has examined 876 
persons in that time, of whom :h1I() passed with the re- 
quired average and 4S0 were reiecteii. 

Pasiicd at first examination, liO"; second. 107; third. 
21; fourth. 2S; fifth. 14; sixth. 8; seventh. 3; eighth, 4; 
ninth, 1; tenth. 1; eleventh, 1; twelfth. 1; total. Site. 

Reiccted at first examination. 234; second. S."i: third. 
61: fourth, 37; fifth, 22; sixth, 15; seventh, 10; eighth, 7; 
ninth. 5; tenth. 3; eleventh. 1; total rejected, 4SU. Total 
passed and rejected, S76. 

Nine candidates were refused examination on account 
of having made false statements as to their practical 
experience. 

-Attendance at examinations: 

Month. Number. Passed. Rejected. 

January 44 3 41 

February 154 S3 71 

March 67 15 52 

April 93 56 37 

May 50 15 35 

June 57 24 33 

September 76 25 51 

October 56 28 28 

November 98 39 59 

December 181 108 73 

876 396 4S0 

Nationality of candidates: United States, 467; Russia, 
226; Germany. 59; Great Britain, 47; Italy, 29; Austria, 
MS: Sweden, 5; Denmark, 5; France, 4; Roumania, 3; 
Palestine, 3: total. 876. 

While apparently a large percentage of candidates 
f40.40 per cent.) succeeded in passing the Board, it must 
be borne in mind that a great many applicants were 
senior students from the New Yoric and the Brooklyn 
Colleges of Pharmacy, and quite a number of the others 
■were either graduates from foreign colleges and uni- 
versities, or licentiates of Boards of Pharmacy outside 
this State. 

The Board employed as inspectors Mr. Thomas E. 
Conway and Mr. George Walters. Mr. Conway distin- 
guished himself by his untiring devotion to duty and 
became a ventabl.? terror to the evildoers. He deserves 
the highest commendation for his work, in which he was 
greatly aided by the wonderful faculty of being able to 
remember n^mes. faces and all facts in connection therp- 
•with. In addition to his great energy, he proved himself 
to be proof against bribery, as many a time attempts were 
made to influence him by that means. Mr. Walters did 
good work also, but was obliged to resign on account of 
sickness. 

A great many inspections were made and much time 
devoted to looking up statements made by applicants for 
examination. 

During the year eighteen persons were prosecuted for 
violations of the Pharmacy Laws and were fined $50 
each, making $900 recovered in fines for the benefit of 
the Colleges of Pharmacy ot New York and Brooklyn. 

The fines imposed during the three years' life of the 
Board were 

1898 $250 

18.99 1,515 

i:>00 900 

Total fines imposed $2,665 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT FOR THE YEARS 1898, 
1S99 AND 1900. 

1S98. 

CREDITS. 

Receipts from all sources $11,962.05 

DEBITS. 

I-egal expenses 95.00 

Postage $477.23 

Stationery ,5.SS.01 

Secretary's salary 1, .500.00 

Expenses (general and office) 529.50 

Inspectors' salaries and expenses.... 712.76 

Cash balance 8,059.55 

$11,962.05 $11,962.05 
1S99. 

CREDITS. 

Balance from 1S98 $8,re9.55 

Receipts 4,113.25 

Interest from deposit 127.68 



DEBITS. 

Postage ?117.3C 

Stationery 211.10 

Secretary's salary 600.00 

Expense (general and office) .3.39.90 

Inspectors' salaries and expenses 1,726.70 

Legal expenses 47O.()0 

N. Y. College of Pharmacy 4. .500.00 

Brooklyn College ot Pharmacy 3,ih)().ii(» 

Cash balance I,3:i5.36 

$12,300.48 $12,300.48 
1900. 

CREDITS. 

Balance $1,335.30 

Receipts 4,658.33 

DEBITS. 

Postage $140.78 

Stationery 129.35 

Secretary's salary 600.00 

Expenses (general and office) 470.07 

Inspectors' salaries and expenses 1,408.35 

Legal expenses 235.00 

N. Y. College of Pharmacy 720.00 

Brooklyn College of Pharmacy 480.00 

N. Y. College of Pharmacy 1,086.10 

Brooklyn College of Pharmacy 724.06 

$5,993.71 $5,993.71 
In conclusion, the undersigned hereby thanks the 
officers and members of the college for the many acts 
of kindness shown to him. Respectfully. 

SIDNEY FABER. Secretary. 

WILL THE DEPARTMENT STORES AGREE? 



Price Schedule Presented for Consideration ■wltli 

a. Concession — Execntive Committee Sangrnine 

of Result — Canvass AI>ont Completed. 

A committee of the Joint Conference Committee, con- 
sisting of William Muir and W. C. Anderson, president 
of the N. A. R. D.. called on a number of the heads of 
the department stores in Brooklyn Borough last week 
with tile price schedule adopted by the committee. The 
result of the visits was made known at a meeting of the 
Executive Committee of the Joint Conference held at the 
New York College of Pharmacy Saturday afternoon. 
January 5. It was in part as follc^ws; "We visited several 
department stores and we discovered that the arrange- 
ment of prices on patent medicines was regulated hy an 
association of which all the department stores were mem- 
ibers. We were referred to the secretary, Mr. Rosebault. 
We consulted with him and he seemed very favoraibly im- 
pressed with our plan. He was well satisfied that a re- 
form of this kind ought to have been made. He took 
our schedule and agreed to present 't at the annual meet- 
ing of the association, which is to be held Tuesday after- 
noon of next week. We think they intend to do some- 
thing; it certainly looks very encouraging." Mr. Muir 
spoke of the odd price that had been the custom of the 
department store and this seemed to make an impres- 
sion. He said he thought a concession might be made 
whereby the department store could sell one cent under 
the minimum price of the schedule. Mr. Rosebault said 
he thought this would appeal to the members of the 
association as many of them considered the odd price 
a business custom. "I think this way of reaching the 
department stores of great advantage to us as in this 
way we get a record of the whole trade which would 
otherwise require a long time to secure." 

Mr. Hitchcock, of the Executive Committee, said he 
had visited one of Park & Tiiford's stores and the man- 
ager had stated that he was of the opinion the firm 
would consent to the schedule.' 

Chairman Muir called the' meeting to order shortly 
after three o'clock. The reports of the canvassers were 
then presented as follows: 

First District.— Battery to Fourteenth street— 93 stores 
visited, 70 in favor, 2 opposed, 5 doubtful, 16 not in. 

Second District.— Fourteenth to Fifty-ninth street— 91 
stores visited, 63 in favor, 10 opposed, 1 doubtful, 17 not in. 

Third District.— Fifty-ninth street to Harlem River, 
West Side— 60 stores visited, 56 in favor, 1 opposed, 3 
doubtful. 

Fourth District. — Fifty-ninth street to Harlem River, 
East Side — 109 stores visited. 93 in favor, 1 opposed, 1 
doubtful, 14 not in. 

Fifth District. — Bronx, Staten Island and Outlying 
Wards — iS stores visited, 46 in favor. 1 doubtful. 

Sixth District.— Brooklyn— 87 stores visited, 80 in favor. 
1 opposed, 6 doubtful. 

Seventh District. — Brooklyn— Completed last week. (See 
Era, January 3.) 



January lo, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



47 



Eighth District.— Brooklyn— 59 stores visited, 51 in 
favor, 1 opposed, 7 doubtful. 

Total for week— 547 stores visited, 439 in favor, 16 op- 
posed, ;;4 doubtful, 47 not in. 

Grand total for eight days' canvass— 1.315 stores visited, 
1,236 in favor, 33 opposed, 44 doubtful, 134 not In. 

There Is yet a numher of stores to be visited, Including 
those "not in." so the canvassers were allowed two days 
more. However, nearly 98 per cent, of the drug-gists have 
agreed to the schedule and it will become effective Janu- 
ary 21. The final meeting of the Executive Committee 
will be held to-morrow, when reports will be received of 
the action taken by the department stores. Chairman 
Muir has called a meeting of the Joint Conference Com- 
mittee for Thursday, January 17, when it will be recom- 
mended that the schedule be put in effect Monday. Janu- 
ary 21. A copy of the schedule stamped with the date 
it takes effect will be mailed to all druggists. 



DRUG SWINDLERS AT IT AGAIN. 

H. Colien, of Cohen A Co., AVell-KiiOTrn Crooks, 

Operates in BrooUlyn Under Name of 

Medical Co. and is Arrested. 

Herman L. Cohen, the oldtime drug swindler, whose 
operations under the firm name of Cohen & Co. were laid 
bare in the Era during 1898, was arrested by the Brooklyn 
police last week on the charge of swindling. Frank L. 
Gou'.d was the complainant, although there are a score of 
others. The method employed was a threadbare one, but 
new for Cohen and his pals, who, by the way, escaped the 
police. 

Some time ago the Vis Vitene Medical Co.. founded by 
Cohen, rented offices at Montague and Furman streets, 
Brooklyn. The medical company, according to its ad- 
vertisements, had "valuable secrets of a monastery" 
which it offered for sale under the names of "Sedatene," 
"Sassafrene," "Developene" and "Salvene." Incidentally 
the firm did other advertising which effectually proved the 
real source of its support, as the "monastery medicines" 
were rarely sold. The latter advertising was done through 
the New York Hera'.d and called for an office man for the 
medical company to whom they would pay $80 a month. 

Mr. Gould, the complainant, answered the "adv." by 
letter. In reply he was told he could have the job, but as 
it was a responsible one the company would require a de- 
posit of $500. For this a mortgage would be given on farm 
property in Ulster County, so that there need be no fear 
about the return of the money when Mr. Gould completed 
his services for the company. Gould considered the propo- 
sition favorable and called at the Montague street office, 
which, of course, was the Vis Vitene Medical Co. The 
place had a business-like air which pleased Gould. There 
was an imposing array of bottles and retorts in the office 
and the front of the establishment betokened prosperity 
so he had a talk with Cohen. This resulted in a contract, 
Gould putting up $500 cash and receiving the promised 
mortgage. 

He was to enter on his duties January 2, but when he 
reported he found the place closed and under the sur- 
veillance of the police. It then came upon him that he had 
been swindled. He immediately conferred with police 
headquarters and the detectives there tried to comfort him 
by telling him he was not the only victim, that there were 
lots of others, and that thousands of dollars had been 
taken away by the gang. 

According to the po'.ice the gang had been advertising 
for months in the country newspapers on Long Island for 
just such people as Gould and the replies had been coming 
in in enormous quantities. 

The firm had made elaborate preparations for just such 
a business, having engaged the top floor of the building 
where they had two young women typewriters for several 
weeks at work on the big heap of correspondence. 

James L. Coghlan was also employed in the office. He 
was one of the firm's victims. He had been there ten 
weeks, having come from Philadelphia, and, like Gould, 
had paid $500 for the job. He had not received a penny of 
salary up to December 31 when he demanded some money 
and was given a check for $00, which he immediately 
cashed. 

Cohen was arraigned before Magistrate Brenner in 
Adams Street Police Court. He was represented by 
Lawyer John A. Shorter, who on his behalf entered a plea 
of not guilty. The court held him for examination. 



ROBBED HIS EMPLOYERS. 

Drne Clerli Ammon Took Patent Alediclnes From 

Elmer .& Amend-4|S4M)0 \Vortli Found In a 

Trunk in His Flat— .\rre8ted and Held. 

Conrad Ammon. a trusted clerk in the employ of Elmer 
& Amend, corner 'Eighteenth street and Third avenue, was 
arrested Friday evening, January 4, by Detective Ser- 
geants Price and Cafferty on a charge of petit larceny 
in stealing patent medicines. Ammon confessed his guilt 
and was held in Yorkvllle Police Court for trial, while an 
additional charge of grand larceny was made against him. 

Ammon's arrest was caused in a peculiar way. A few 
days ago Messrs. 'Walker and Gibson, the well known 
wholesalers, of Albany, N. Y.. received a letter from C, 
Brown, No. 330 East Fifteenth street, Manhattan, offering 
patent medicines for sale at much below the usual prices. 
The firm sent the letter to Albert Plaut, of Lehn & Fink, 
No. 128 'William street, and Mr. Plaut reported It to police 
headquarters. 

Detectives Price and McCafferty called at Brown's ad- 
dress. No. 330 East Fifteenth street, and told Mrs. C. 
Brown they were Inspectors from the Board of Health 
looking for suspected small-pox cases. Mrs. Brown told 
the officers her husband was a drug clerk employed by 
Elmer & Amend. The detectives went to the store but 
were told no Mr. Brown was employed there. They se- 
cured the handwriting of several of the clerks, however, 
and identified Ammon's as the same as Brown's. Mr. 
Amend was then informed of the suspected thefts and 
they refused to believe It as Ammon had come from a 
Quaker settlement with excellent recommendations and 
was thoroughly honest. The officers finally persuaded Mr. 
Amend to consent to the arrest. He did and the officers 
took Ammon Into custody. When he was searched $15 
worth of patent medicines were found on his person, so a 
charge of petit larceny was lodged against hira. On re- 
visiting his fiat on Fifteenth street $G00 worth of stolen 
goods were found in a trunk which Ammon was about to 
remove. He had been employed in Eimer & Amend's store 
about fourteen months. It is not known whether he sold 
any of his plunder up-the-State, but It Is hinted that he 
had disposed of goods in this city. 



DRUG CLERK GRANTED RESPITE. 



Priori, A\Tio Was to Have Been Electrocuted Last 
Tuesday at Sing Sing-, Gets Twenty-Day Stay. 

But for the intervention of Governor Odell Lorenzo 
Priori, the drug clerk under sentence of death for the 
murder of Vincenzo Garguso In 1S9S, would have been a 
dead man to-day, as the date of his electrocution was set 
for Tuesday, January 8. Governor Odell telegraphed 
■U'arden Johnson Sunday, January 6, to delay Priori's 
electrocution twenty days. The reason for the respite was 
that friends of Priori had presented a long petition to the 
Governor declaring the prisoner innocent. Priori wept 
with joy when he received the news and believes he will 
escape the chair entirely. 

He was employed In a drug store on Broome street, and 
on December 11, 1898, he quarreled with Garguso over a 
game of cards and shot him through the heart. The 
murdered man was proprietor of a banking house near the 
drug store. 



FIRE IN A DRUG STORE DOES CONSIDERABLE 
DAMAGE. 

In some unaccountable manner fire broke out In the 
drug store of the Charles E. Monell Company. 2 First 
avenue. New Year's Day. The flames originated near 
the laboratory and quickly spread into It. The loss was 
confined to the laboratory. About $1,IHX) worth of damage 
was done. A number of proprietary preparations in 
course of manufacture 'were destroyed. 



DRUG CLERK CO-RESPONDENT. 

Edward Zink, a nineteen-year-old drug clerk, of "West 
Hoboken, N. J., has been named co-respondent In a suit 
brought by Dr. 'Wallace 'White, town physician of West 
Hoboken, for absolute divorce against his wife. Mrs. 
White has filed counter charges in a cross suit against her 
husband. She names a young woman in the nearby town 
of Union Hill, N. J. 



48 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1901. 




L,. a. B. ERB. NEW YORK. 



CORTLAXD'S NEW MAYOR. 



A Driig^-ist Honoreil by a Larfjre Majority. 

The city of Cort'.and, N. Y.. adopted a new charter at 
the beginninif of the year and Druggist Charles F. Brown 
is its first Mayor. It was with much reluctance that Mr. 
Brown consented to run, but when he was told by the best 
element in all parties that it was his duty, although a 
busy man. he consented, and his majority of .399 proved 
not only his great popularity but the wisdom of the selec- 
tion. Under the new charter Mayor Brown has many ap- 
pointments to make, and among the rest were nearly a 
half dozen policemen. Shortly after his election he re- 
.ceived the following anonymous communication: 
•*I want to be a policeman. 

And with your policemen stand. 
A\'ith a badge upon my great coat. 

And club within m>' hand; 
And when there's trouble brewing, 

■With neither fear nor frown, 
I'll fight for right with all my might. 
For Cortland's Mayor Brown." 
All rights reserved. 

It never was known who was the author of these 
-"angel" words, but suspicion rested upon Judson B. Todd, 
■of Ithaca. On January 1 Mr. Brown was duly sworn in, 
and this fact, together with the new century, was properly 
heralded by the ringing of bells, etc. Mayor Brown was 
also the recipient of several gifts. Among others were a 
dozen American beauty roses, but best of all was a large 
leather table mat made with burned leather effects, in the 
center of which was "Chas. F. Brown. Cortland, N. T., 
19Cil, first Mayor." Surrounding this were the names G. 
W. Lacea. Rochester. N. Y.; 'R. E. Service. New York; W. 
F. Sohin. Albany: L. E. Treat, Boston, and C. M. Edwards, 
Philadelphia. 

GERMAN APOTHECARIES' SOCIETY. 

The regular monthly meeting of the German Apothe- 
caries' Society was held Thursday evening. Jan. 3. A 
motion to modify a previous resolution referring to the 
Legal Defense Committee was introduced and precipitated 
some discussion. The original motion authorizing a <^oni- 
mittee for the defense of members in law suits arising 
in the trade, empowered the committee to consider such 
oases as were presented, and tn commend such as were 
proper for the society to defend. But this decision was 
not final, as the person applying for aid might bring the 
matter before a meeting of the society if the committee 
rendered a decision adverse to the applicant's opinion in 
the matter. After some argument, in which it was stated 
that this appeal privilege had been abused, it was finally 
decided to make the Defense Committees findings su- 
preme. The limit of the society's liabilities in defense 
cases was fixed at S,^. 

A communication from G. E. Schweinfurth, as secretary 
of the Joint Conference Committee, requesting the Ger- 
mans to send a delegation to the next meeting of the com- 
mittee, was tabled. 

Arrangements for the annual ball of the society, to be 
given Jan. 25, were discussed. 



MEETINGS NEW YORK SCIENTIFIC ALLIANCE. 

The rollowing is a list of the meetings of the Scientific 
Alliance of New York for the rest of the month: Friday. 
Jan. 11, Chemical Society; Monday, Jan, 14, Academy of 
Sciences: Tue.«day, Jan. 1,">. Entomological Society; 
Friday, Jan. 18, Microscopical Society; Monday, Jan. 21, 
Mint-nilngical Club; Monday, Jan. 21. Academy of Scl- 
1 nces; Tuesday, Jan. 22, Llnniean Society; Monday, Jan. 
■JS, Academy of Sciences; Wednesday, Jan. 30, Torrey 
Botanical Club. 



CHBMIC.4I.. 



MOW YORK SECTION .*MERIC.*N 
SOCIETY. 

The next meeting of the New York Section of the 
American Chemical Society will be held at the rooms of 
the Chemists' Club. No. 108 West Fifty-fifth street, 
to-morrow evening at 8 o'clock. Papers will be read a.i 
follows: "Notes on Spheroidal State Evaporation," with 
experiments by T. O'Connor Sloane. and "The Chemistry 
of Materials Used in Perfumery and Kindred Arts," by 
T. C. Stearns. 



NOTES. 

Colonel E. W. Fitch, manager for the New York 

branch of Parke, Davis & Company, received a copy of 
the Walkerville Herald, 'VValkerville, Ont.. last week, an- 
nouncing the election to the office of Mayor of that town 
of E. G. Swift, manager of Parke, Davis & Co.'s Canadian 
laboratory. The paper stated the "town had been saved 
the expense of an election as the officials had been chosen 
by acclamation." 

The following members of the traveling force of Lehn 

& Fink were in the city during the last week: Samuel 
H. Cohen. Bruce C. Hollowell. H. Kaufholz, Edwin 
McGill, W. ■«■. 'tt'ilcox and J. W. N. Gervais. They were 
shown through the new^ building of the concern. C. A. 
Doring. one of the firm's travelers in Rhode Island, Mas- 
sachusetts. New Hampshire and Vermont, spent the 
holidays in the city. 

— Three drug stores on the lower East Side were visited by 
fire during Christmas week and quantities of goods de- 
stroyed. In each instance the blaze originated in holiday 
window displays. The proprietors who sustained! losses 
were George Ginsberg, Madison and Jefferson streets: 
Palitz Bros.. Stanton and Lewis streets, and M. Dlugash. 
Tenth street and Avenue B. 

The following were guests at the Drug Trade Club 

during the last week: C. H. Green, Utica, N. Y. : G. E. 
Reed. Philadelphia; H. B. Putnam, Rochester, N. Y. ; W. 
C. Maginnis, Boston, Mass.; A. K. Gardiner and E. E. 
Gardiner. Garden City. N. Y., and A. Schmitz. Mexico 
City, Mexico. 

Patrick Green, who had charge of the outside ship- 
ping department of the local branch of Parke, Davis 
& Co. since it was established in this city nearly twenty- 
five years ago, died suddenly Monday evening, De- 
cember 31. 

President Reuben R. Smith has named George H. 

Hitchcock as chairman of the Legislative Committee of 
the Man'hattan Pharmaceutical Association to fi'.l a va- 
cancy caused by the resignation of the former chairman. 

Cyrus P. Calvin, dealer in e."!sential oils in Hartwell. 

O.. Mayor of the city and familiarly known to the retail 
trade in the Buckeye State as "His Honor." visited friends 
in the wholesale trade here last week. 

^Another debt has been added to the long list owing by 

Henry P. Crosher. the notorious drug swnndler. This time 
S. Anargynos (incorporated) is the creditor to the amount 

of ?528. 

E. C. Shimer and R. C. Herrman. representatives for 

the ■^"illiam S. Merrell Chemical Co.. in East Pennsyl- 
vania and New Jersey respectively, were in the city last 
week. 

The Century Pharmacy, at 132d street and "Eighth ave- 
nue, owned by Dr, Ellsberg, has been sold to Mr. Diamond, 
owner of a store at Rivington and Orchard streets. 



January lo, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



49 



F. L. Bobbins, New England representative of Parke, 

Davi.s & Co., was in the city for a few days last week. 
Mr. Robbins lias gone lo Colorado to reside. 

B. B. Hamlin, local manager for William R. Warner 

& Co., who has been ill at his home in this city for 
the last month, has fully recovered. 

Fred Linning, N. Y. C. P.. '114, of Plump & Linning, is 

receiving congratulations over the arrl\"al of a daughter in 
his family on New Year's Day. 

M. A. Studnitz, who owns a store at No. 2 fl-JO First 

avenue, has recently purchased a new store at 107th street 
and Forrest avenue. 

W. C. Maginnis, Boston, representative for Parke, 

Davis & Co., was in the city over New Year's day. 



W. E. Jenkins, representative for Schieffelln & Co. In 

the Southern States, was in the city last week. 

William R. Warner, of William R. Warner & Co., of 

Philadelphia, visited the local office last week. 

H. W. Cady. of H. W. Cady & Co.. of Plattsburg, N. 

Y., called on the trade last week. 

The mid-term examinations in the Brooklyn College of 

Pharmacy were held last week. 

Thomas Farrell, of McKesson & Robbins, is confined 

to his home by illness. 

The Vassa Pharmacy has opened recently at No. 8o0 

Eighth avenue. 



IN AND ABOUT BOSTON. 



'HOW DRY I AM." 



'This ]m the Cry from Ttliiiue, from A^liicli Place 

UruK'^iNt.4 fin«l OtIierN Have Sent 

LifluoTM to Uostou. 

Boston. Jan. 5, 1901.— A report has come from Maine to 
Boston that, as the result of Rev. Samuel F. Pearson's 
administration as sheriff of Cumberland County, in the 
Pine Tree State, the anxiety of the liquor sellers, of Port- 
land especially, has been such that large shipments of the 
"stuff" 'have been sent up to Boston for temporary storage 
until the present excitement in Maine blows over a bit. 
Investigation here, however, does not show any great 
amount of liquor having reached Boston under these con- 
ditions, although some certainly has come here. Begin- 
ning with the new year raids have 'been made thus far 
■only on saloons, but a close watch has been kept on the 
drug stores by Sheriff Pearson, who intends to devote 
much of his time to accompanying his special deputies on 
their hunts for liquor. The druggists, fearing a call from 
the new sheriff, are carrying as small a quantity of alco- 
holic liquors as they can possibly get along with. In 
speaking of his intended attitude towards the druggists. 
Sheriff Pearson said: "The law gives them no more right 
to sell than it bestows on anyone else. If I find it used by 
them for any other purpose than the compounding of medi- 
cines I shall treat them as I would anyone else." The 
sheriff says that the druggists will have no reason to find 
any fault with his administration if they really mean to 
do a legitimate business. If they do not he will make it as 
uncomfortable as he can. One prominent druggist called 
on the sheriff to learn what latitude would be given in the 
sale of liquor for medicinal purposes. The druggist took 
Tvith him two prescriptions that had been presented at his 
store for compounding. One called for two drugs and sev- 
eral ounces of sherry. The other prescription called for 
four drugs and eight ounces of sherry. The druggist asked 
if the filling of these prescriptions would be regarded by 
the sheriff as a violation of the law? He was told to fill 
the prescriptions. The sheriff said there is reason in all 
things. He expected druggists to keep a limited quantity 
•of the ordinary liquors usually called for by physicians' 
prescriptions, but he expects them to keep these liquors in 
bottles on their shelves as they do their other medicines. 
Should he go to the store of a druggist and find liquors 
concealed in an ash barrel, or in the cellar, in consider- 
able quantities, he will not only seize the liquors but he 
will arrest the druggist. If the liquors are kept in small 
quantities and by the side of the ether medicines, open to 
inspection 'by the sheriff, he will regard that as a prima 
facie evidence that the liquors are kept for medicinal pur- 
poses. This will strike druggists everywhere as along the 
line of common sense. 



A ■WOMAN BOOKKEEPER IX A DRL'G STOHJE 
AHRKSTED. 

S. A. D. .Sheppard's Clerk Charged with Stealing; 
Stamps. 

Boston, Jan. 5.— A sad case seems to be that of Miss 
Emily F. Allen, employed as a bookkeeper at S. A. D. 
Sheppard's drug store, corner of W.-\shington and Dover 
streets who has been arrested charged with the larceny of 



about lfl2 worth of postage stamps. When arrested Miss 
Allen was leaving the store to go out for luncheon. As 
she reached the sidewalk an inspector said: "Have you 
any stamps in that handbag?" Miss Allen declared that 
she had not. Miss Allen was asked to re-enter the store 
where, so it is charged, $10 worth of stamps -were found in 
the bag. At police headquarters, when searched, the 
police found, so they charge, still more stamps, making 
almost $12 in all. It is understood that stamps amounting 
to .$40 are nussing. Miss Allen, who is thirty-seven years 
old and lives at Somerville declared that she had pur- 
chased the stamps to send them to pay some bills instead 
of sending money. She has been held in $500 for further 
investigation of the case. 



"THINGS NOT ALWAYS WHAT THEY SEEM." 



Fakirs Victimize Crowds ivltb the Ferfiune Scheme. 

Boston, Jan. 5.— The Christmas season always brings to 
the front plenty of street fakirs and one evening this week 
two clever scamps made a good thing out of a credulous 
crowd. They took up their stand in Scollay Square with 
a wagon-load of sweet smelling stuff alleged to be per- 
fume brought from the far East. The two men went about 
liberally sprinkling the crowd with "incense." This proved 
alluring and those who were sprinkled walked a block and 
turned again to receive another douche. People flocked 
from all parts of the West End to be sprinkled, and many 
were seized with a desire for the delightful "perfume" and 
bought some. Some time later police headquarters re- 
ceived a telephone call from a man who had bought a 
bottle of perfumery and taken it home. Then he took an 
impulse to open it and the contents proved to be only 
fairly clean water. Two officers then went forth to buy 
"perfume" but the wagon-load of precious liquid and the 
two owners were missing. 



DRUG CLERK A THIEF. 

Harry F. Fisher, who was some years ago a drug clerk 
in Lynn in a pharmacy in City Hall Square, and who lately 
has been employed by a drug house on Puchase street. 
Boston, has been arrested in Lynn by inspectors, charged 
with larcenies from persons unknown. During the last 
month he has been pawning cutlery, hardware, carpenters' 
tools and similar articles at many pawnshops in Lynn, and 
these transactions became so numerous that he was taken 
in custody. At Fisher's room in Lynn many goods also 
were found. He appeared in the Lynn Police Court and 
was held in *G00 for the Grand Jury. The police think that 
the goods came from Brockton. 



THE SINOAY PAPER AND THE DRUGGIST. 

A Boston Sunday paper has adopted a novel scheme to 
advertise itself. For two or three Sundays past at about 
the noon hour it sends a representative to five different 
.sectaons in the city, where each takes up a prominent 
place and to the first pedestrian who discovers him and 

says "Have you read the Sunday ? It's the best 

Sunday paper in Boston." a reward of $5 is given. Last 
Sunday a boy who captured the prize at the corner of 
Broadway and Dorchester avenue. South Boston, was per- 
suaded to exhibit himself and his prize in the show window 
of Hugh R. Gray's drug store at that place, and seemingly 



50 



THE PHARAIACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1901. 



thousands gathered about in envious admiration of the 
prize winner. It was Incidentally a good stroke of adver- 
tising on the part of the druggist. 



DOCTORS A\1l.l. NOT OPPOSE DRUGGISTS. 

An unsuccessful attempt has been made at Gardner by 
a man hailing from Boston to get Gardner physicians to 
Join an organization for the purpose of buying drugs only 
at certain stores at reduced rates. During his visit In 
Gardner the agent succeeded in getting only three physl. 
clans to become members of the association, and they did 
not really comprehend the plan of the scheme. The drug- 
gists when informed that the Boston man had been in 
Gardner In the interests of the association had a laugh all 
around and they fear no trouble as a resu.t of the visitor's 
scheme. 

A Drasslst AVatched. 

A pleasant New Year's incident was the presentation to 
Fairfield Gilbert, senior member of the drug firm of C. E. 
AVoodward & Co., No. 52 Bromfield street, this city, of an 
elegant gold watch suitably inscribed. It was the gift of 
the employees in honor of Mr. Gilbert's retirement from 
the firm. The presentation tools place at the home of Dr. 
W. T. Holland, in Brookline, Mr. Gilbert's partner, who 
now becomes sole owner. Mr. Gilbert accepted his gift 
with appropriate remarks. A reception followed the 
presentation with a general good time. 



Carrier Quits Cnttin^. 

After many years of dissension all the druggists in 
Pittsfield have come to an amicable arrangement, as the 
result of many recent meetings, with Dr. W. H. Currier, 
who for many years has maintained a cut-rate pharmacy, 
but who now has become a member of the local drug as- 
sociation. A new scale of prices has gone into effect ap- 
plying to all medicines costing up to fifty cents. Such 
articles now will be sold at the figure marked on the pro- 
prietary packages, and all the drug stores will combine in 
the matter of prices. 



NOTES. 

The trial of R. F. McCrillis, formerly deputy collector 

under Revenue Collector J. D. Gill, in the United States 
District Court on a charge of embezzling United States 
money, has resulted in the acquittal of the accused. 



Among the many charges brought against him, and all of 
which he was able to disprove, was the case of W. H. 
■Vinal, a Lowell apothecary, the alleged embezzlement in 
which case was thought to have been for $2.09. McCrillis 
said that when he first met Vinal the druggist told him 
that he had not kept liquor at all, but Intended to take 
out a tax the next month. McCrillis had been Informed 
that Vinal had been making whiskey, and searched the 
premises but found nothing. He collected the money for 
the tax in advance in the form of a check, and found later 
that the check was for ?22.92, or $2.09 more than was due. 
and the next time he was in Lowell he returned the $2.09 
to Vinal in person. 

The drug store, stock, fixtures and business of Dr. J. 

G. Burque, Essex street, Haverhill, have been sold at pub- 
lic auction and were bought by J. B. Morrell for $625. Mr. 
Morrell intends to keep up the business and to put a man 
in charge to manage the pharmacy for him. Dr. Burque 
will remain there temporarily until his departure for Oak- 
land, Cal., where he will make his home and continue in 
the practice of medicine. 

Out of nineteen candidates who appeared this week 

before the Board of Registration in Pharmacy for exam- 
ination for registration only the following named were 
granted certificates: Ernest L. Hunt, Abington; Addison 
D. Munroe, Whitlnsville; Lee H. Porter, Randolph; Ralph 
H. Thompson, Boston; John J. Maher, Lowell. 

Albert Reeder, of Melrose, is president and P. John 

Ryan is treasurer of the newly formed corporation which 
has filed a certificate of organization under the laws of 
Maine as the Reeder Remedies Company, to manufacture 
proprietary medicines. The company is to have a capital 
stock of $200,000, of which $3 is paid in. 

At the last meeting of the Boston Board of Fire Under- 
writers a rule was adopted forbidding the storing of 
chlorate of potash and numerous other dangerous chemical 
materials in general storage warehouses. 

1. V. Wood, a Fall River druggist, who recently met 

with an accident, fortunately carried accident insurance, 
the benefit of which he has derived from the company 
which had him as a risk. 

The week's exports from the port of Boston include 

drugs and chemicals, $29,654; India rubber manufactures, 
$17,050; tobacco, $4,003; ■wax, $103; spirits, $96,273. 



PHILADELPHIA. 



PHILADELPHIA -\SSOCIATIOX OF RETAIL DRUG- 
GISTS. 



The Annnal Meeting Larsely Attended and En- 
conragrins Reports Made. 

Philadelphia, Jan. 5.— The second annual meeting of the 
Philadelphia Association of Retail Druggists was called 
to order by President Mclntyre at 2.30 P. M. yesterday. A 
very large attendance of members gave a most encourag- 
ing sign of the interest in the questions to be taken up 
at this meeting; a number of visitors from nearby cities 
was also noted, among them being Secretary George, of 
the State Pharmacy Board; Mr. Redsecker, of Lebanon; 
Messrs. Barrett and Burton, from Camden; Mr. -Farley, 
of Chester; Mr. Dougherty, of Wilmington, and Mr. Wil- 
lard, of Haddonfield. By unanimous vote these visitors 
were extended the privileges of the floor, of which they 
availed themselves to make short addresses later on in the 
session. 

President Mclntyre, calling attention to the regulation 
of the association requiring the submission of annual 
reports from various officials, stated that this would 
now be the order of business, and proceeded to read his 
own report, in which he thanked the members for their 
support during the past year and spoke encouragingly of 
the benefits of organization. 

The report of the recording secretary followed, in which 
he noted the increase in membership for the past year. 
131. a net gain of 104 having been made, and also gave a 
summarized account of the work done by the P. A. B. D. 
in 1900, reported under each month. Special attention 
was given to the successful aid extended to local or- 
ganizations in the vicinity and to the good work done 
in bringing local druggists together. The averting of 
proposed competition from the department stores, the 



mercantile tax law decision and the success in reaching 
an agreement with the State Board in local suits were also 
mentioned. This report was accepted and ordered printed 
for distribution to members. 

The financial secretary in his report gave a most 
creditable statement of the resources of the association; 
receipts for the year were $1,433.21; expenses of all kinds. 
$1,146.71, leaving a balance on hand of $286.50. The 
treasurer made a similar report. 

The report of the Executive Committee, rendered by 
Chairman J. C. Perry, mentioned a few matters in which 
the committee had been successful in attaining its ob- 
jects, correction of abuses in prices, preliminary price 
lists and the canvass in which the assent of over 75 per 
cent, of the druggists were secured to its provisions and 
work done by the Ward chairmen. Particular stress was 
laid on the necessity for active work on the part of mem- 
bers, especially Ward chairmen, and the committee closed 
by thanking the members of the association for their 
hearty support during the year in every question. The 
report was then accepted and ordered printed for dis- 
tribution to members. 

The monthly report of the Executive Committee fol- 
lowed; ten new members were reported on favorably, 
bills amounting to $30.42 were audited and various recom- 
mendations were made. These recommendations (that the 
salary of the recording secretary be fixed for the year at 
$5 per month; that $100 be allowed the Committee on New 
Pharmacy law for necessary expenses and that $100 be 
set aside for necessary expenses of Entertainment Com- 
mittee) were voted on favorably. 

A report was then received from the Committee on a 
New State Pharmacy law from Mr. Clifte. The most 
important features of this new law are: Licensing of all 
stores in which medicines of any kind are sold at retail; 



Januar\' lo. njni.l 



NEWS Dia'ARTMEXT. 



51 



registration in two s^fades, the retiiiirorneiits being Ki'aiiu- 
atioii triim a reimtahle college of phaniuu-y. exarniiiatioa 
by the State Hoard and the allotted term nt years of 
store experience, this registration to be made once and 
then be continuous: registration of apprentices at a 
nominal fee; display of certificate of registration; clas- 
siflcation of poisons by the State Board into two classes. 
one of poisons fatal in quantities of six grains or less. 
the other of those less deadly, and a requirement of 
registration of sale of class 1 in a properly kept book of 
registry, and other minor provisions. Under this new 
law. all money from examination fees and fines will go 
into the State treasury, and the salaries and expenses 
of the board are to be fixed and payable from the State 
treasury. 

A general discussion followed, in which Mr. Redsecker 
gave quite a practical and humorous account of the 
difficulties of securing proper pharmaceutical legislation. 
He and others spoke in terms of praise for the features 
of the law proposed by Mr. Clifte and promised aid to help 
Its passage through the State Legislature. 

Then occurred the most pleasant feature of the after- 
noon; Mr. Foley, on behalf of the members of the asso- 
ciation, presented Chairman Perry with a handsomely 
engraved gold watch as a token of the esteem in which 
Mr. Perry was held by his fellow members and to show 
their appreciation of his unselfish devotion and attention 
to the -welfare of the P. A. R. D. Mr. Perry was quite 
taken by surprise and for a few moments could not reply. 
At last he managed to express his thanks for this splen- 
did gift and for the kindness and good will that prompted 
it, assuring his associates that his work had been a labor 
«t love and that he was well repaid for it by the posi- 
tion the P. A. R. D. had taken in the front rank of retail 
druggists' associations. A general recess for a few 
minutes followed in which many members congratulated 
Mr. Perry both on his work and the association's gift. 

The chairman then announced that the election of 
officers was now in order and a recess of ten mintites 
was taken to allow for voting. Messrs. Steinmetz and 
Morse were appointed tellers, with the recording secre- 
tary as clerk, .\fter collecting and counting the ballots 
these gentlemen then made the announcement of officers 
elected. These were: President. W. A. Rumsey; first vice- 
president, W. H. Foley; second vice-president, H. C. 
Blair, Jr.; third vice-president. Mahlon Kratz; financial 
secretary, C. H. Campbell; recording secretary, F. T. 
Gordon; treasurer, Dr. E. R. Smiley; Executive Commit- 
tee. Charles Leedom, J. Eppstein. J. G. Howard, J. C. 
Perry, Theo. Campbell. E. J. Finnerty. Jr. The voting 
was greatly facilitated by the printed ballots which had 
been arranged by the Executive Committee and sent to 
members prior to the meeting. 

Mr. Leedom then offered a resolution to endorse the 
plan to prevent price cutting known as the Worcester 
plan (Phenyo-Caffein) and to request the N. A. R. D. 
Executive Committee to take it up as a most practical 
method to stop price cutting. Copies of the resolution 
were ordered sent to the national secretary N. A. R. D. 
and to Dr. Julius Garst in recognition of his efforts along 
this line. 

There being no further business, the meeting then ad- 
journed. 



P. C. P. NOTES. 

Philadelphia, Jan. 5.— The quarterly meeting of the 
members of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy was 
held in the library of the college Monday afternoon at 
4 P. M.. President Howard French being in the chair and 
Dr. C. E. Weidemann acting as secretary. An amend- 
ment to the by-laws providing for the appointment of a 
Committee on Nominations at the annual meeting in 
June and for the submission by this committee of a list 
of nominees and trustees for the ensuing year was taken 
up for discussion. After remarks from various members 
this was adopted. 

The revised Code of Ethics was then presented by Mr. 
Laws. This was then read by sections in order to facili- 
tate discussion and amendment, and each section was 
voted on separately and then the code as a whole was 
acted on. The discussion on the various sections and 
features of the new code was quite general and a number 
of amendments were offered. However, most of these 
were voted down, those accepted being of a minor nature. 

General business was then taken up for settlement, 
after which the meeting adjourned. 

At the Pharmaceutical Meeting of next Tuesday, to be 
lield as usual in Museum Hall at 3 P. M., Prof. J. H. Beal, 




THOMAS & PORTERFIELD, 
CHARLESTON, W. VA. 



Of Scio. Ohio, is to read a paper on "The Model Phar- 
macy Law." prepared specially for this meeting. 

The well-known authority of Prof. Beal on this sub- 
ject gives additional interest to this topic, just at the time, 
too. when the effort to secure a new law for Pennsyl- 
vania is beginning to make some progress. It is asked 
by the members in charge of this meeting that every 
one interested in this subject will attend, as there is 
to be a general discussion after the reading of the paper 
by Prof. Beal. Other topics of interest will also be pre- 
sented. 



KOTES. 

Quite a number of local druggists have succumbed to 

the abominable weather of the past two 'Weeks. Among 
these. W. A. Rumsey. of l>20 North Forty-first street, 
and E. J. Finnerty. Jr.. of South Eighteenth street, are 
now confined at home in bed. President Mclntyre, of 
the P. A. R. D., has also been suffering from a severe 
cold, but is now able to be about. 

A committee of local druggi.sts has been appointed at 

a meeting recently held by a number initerested in the 
recent State Pharmacy law suits to prepare and bring to 
trial a "test case" to settle the power of the State Board 
In causing these suits to be brought. A fund for this 
purpose is now in process of collection. 

The engagement of Miles H. Shimer. chief dispenser 

at Siegfried's pharmacy, Frankfort, to a young lady of 
West Philadelphia "was announced on January 1. Mr. 
Shimer is a graduate of the P. C. P. '94. and an ex-Naval 
apothecary. Congratulations from friends ashore and 
afloat are now in order. 

The Philadelphia Drug Trade's Bowling League will 

have its initial contest in the near future as soon as the 
members recover from their holiday experiences, and a 
number of the local experts are coining money for the 
owners of alleys in their practice stunts. 
Chairman Holliday. of the National Executive Com- 
mittee, and J. C. Perry, of this city, who is also a mem- 
ber, will leave for Chicago next week to attend the 
meeting there of this body. 



Distilled \%^ater at a. Moment's Notice. 

The sanitary still, manufactured by the Cuprigraph 
Co., No. 127 N. Green street. Chicago, furnishes distilled 
water quickly and with little trouble. It is only necessary 
to set it upon a stove or over a gas flame. It will not only 
be found a great convenience in every drug store, but it 
is becoming popular in the household. Many families use 
them. You could not only use one yourself in your labor- 
atory, but you could sell them to your customers. The 
Cuprigraph Co. publish a booklet which tells all about 
them, which they will be glad to send to any druggist who 
inquires for it. 



The J. Arthur Co.. 18 and 20 Colonial Arcade, C'.eveland, 
O.. manufacture druggists' tie pins which are furnished In 
oxidized or bright silver, with ruby or emerald eyes, at 
twenty-six cents, or in solid gold. Roman or bright flnlsh, 
at $1.35 each. They are sent, postpaid, on receipt of price. 



52 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1901. 



BALTIMORE. 



BEGINNING THE NKW YBAR. 

Baltimore, Jan. 5.— The transition from the old to the 
new year occasioned a comparative lull In activities among 
the various branches of the drug trade. Events which at 
other times give variety and furnish food for thought were 
suspended or overshadowed By the holiday spirit, while 
the ordinary occupations suffered a measure of neglect In 
order that stock taking and the closing of accounts might 
receive attention. This work Is now almost concluded and 
by degrees the ordinary labors are being once more re- 
sumed with all the greater zeal because the annual ex- 
amination has shown an entirely satisfactory state of af- 
fairs. As a rule, the results achieved by the different 
houses furnish ample reason for gratification, and past 
efforts have met with such liberal rewards as to encourage 
determined application in the future. The new year has 
come without bringing changes of note in the drug trade. 
No firms have dropped out and none have entered the 
field, such changes as did take place having been an- 
nounced before the close of 1900. Beyond the removal of 
the jobbing firm of Ferrall & RIcaud from Lombard street 
to No. 135 Hanover street, no new developments are to be 
recorded. The first mentioned, though in existence only 
a comparatively short time, has been very successful and 
promises to become an important factor in the local trade. 



.,^rj.pg THE BOWLERS. 

Baltimore, Jan. 5.— The members of the Baltimore Drug 
Trade Bowling Club allowed themselves a long breathing 
spell, no games having been scheduled from December 21 
to January 4. The teams to line up first in the new year 
were the Winkelmann & Brown Company and Parke, Davis 
& Co., the latter proving a poor match for the former, who 
took all three games handily. Lockwood, for the Winkel- 
mann & Brown Company, made high score (ISl), also high 
individual average (176 1-3). while Pindell was high man 
for Parke, Davis & Co., with 173 and 152 1-3. respectively. 
The scores were: Winkelmann & Brown Company, 669, 



719 and 753: Parke, Davis & Co., 593, 663 and 636. These 
games leave the several teams In the following positions: 

Games Games Per 
Teams. Won. Lost. Cent. 

Root and Herbs 16 5 .761 

McCormick & Co 15 6 .714 

Sharp & Dohme 14 7 .667 

James Bally & Son 14 7 .667 

Muth Bros. & Co 7 14 .333 

Winkleman & Brown Drug Co.. 7 17 .292 

Parke, Davis & Co 2 22 .091 

Drasreiat Married. 

Baltimore. Jan. 2.— Dr. Frank R. Rich, a retail drug- 
gist at Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, until 
recently associated with Mr. Saulsbury under the firm 
name of Rich & Saulsbury, and a member of a well known 
family, was married at Trinity P. E. Church there yester- 
day to Miss Frances Louise Yellott, who also belongs to 
the best set. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. 
John I. YeKott, a brother of the bride. The church was 
beautifully decorated, and the families about to be more 
closely bound together were largely represented. The 
brl'de was given away by her father. Mr. and Mrs. Rich 
afterward went on an extended tour. The license for the 
wedding was the first to be Issued in the county In the 
new year. Dr. Rich, besides being a competent druggist, 
is also a practising physician. 



NOTES. 

Construction work on the edifice building for the 

Kohler Manufacturing Company, on North Liberty street, 
is making satisfactory progress, and from present indi- 
cations the place will be ready for occupancy at the ap- 
pointed time. The company, of which Mr. Louis Takel is 
president, will have very commodious quarters. 

The sessions of the Maryland College of Pharmacy 

have been resumed after the holiday recess and excellent 
progress is being noted. All the members of the faculty 
express gratification over the good work done. 



LOUISVILLE. 



DRUGGIST C-4NDID.4.TE FOR M.WOR. 

Louisville, Ky., Jan. 5.— J. T. Crecelius, one of the best 
known druggists of the city, is said to be a candidate for 
Mayor of Louisville. Mr. Crecelius is not seeking the 
nomination but he has an excel'.ent chance of being the 
nominee of the Republican party nevertheless. At a meet- 
ing of the Eleventh Ward Republican Club it was decided 
by a unanimous vote to present his name to the con- 
vention. Of course all the friends of Mr. Crecelius, and 
they are many, are "plugging" for him. 



A LIVELY TIME. 

Louisville, Jan. 5.— For a short time on Sunday night 
there was "things doin' " at Van der Espt's drug store. 
The display of fireworks and firecrackers which adorned 
the show windows during the holidays became ignited in 
some unaccountable manner and exploded. The report 
was deafening and the store was filled with fiying sky 
rockets, roman candles and jumbo firecrackers. One or 
two customers were frightened out of their wits and havoc 
in general was wrought by the accident. When the debris 
was cleared away an attempt was made to find the cause, 
but it was futile. 



■WHOLESALE DRUG HOUSE BURNED OUT. 

Louisville, Jan. 3.— One of the most disastrous fires in 
the history of Lexington destroyed the wholesale drug 
house conducted by Wilson & Thompson on Monday night. 
The building, which was located on Broadway, was one 
of the largest in the city and the firm enjoyed one of the 
most profitable trades of the South. The building 
and all of its contents was swept away by the flames. The 
loss is estimated at $15,000. It is said that the loss will be 
covered by insurance. 



NOTES. 

There is some talk of making another attempt to do 

away with the cut-rate drug stores of the city. The plan, 
however, is yet in its infancy, and none of the druggists 
seem to know much about it. The failure of their last 
effort is yet fresh in their mind and not until they are 
certain that the attempt will be a success do they intend 
to make the effort. Said a prominent druggist yesterday: 
"I do not believe that the time is ripe for another attempt. 
The druggists were much disheartened by the last failure 
and not until they are fully recovered should another at- 
tempt be made. If they go about it in a disheartened way 
failure will surely follow and that would be a disaster 
indeed. Of course, another movement will be inaugurated 
and another trial made but not just yet. 

The wholesale and retail drug store conducted by D. A. 

Telser & Sons, Paducah, has passed into the hands of 
Joseph Yeiser, the junior member of the firm. The firm 
was one of the oldest in Kentucky. Thirty-eight years 
ago it was established by Mr. Yeiser, and he continued to 
manage it until his retirement only a few days ago. It is 
said that young Mr. Yeiser will sell an interest to J. T. 
McElrath. of Murray, and that in the near future the firm 
name will be changed to Yeiser & McElrath. 

Henry Richardson, of the firm of Neat-Richardson 

Drug Co., the weU known Louisville wholesale druggists, 
is ill of pneumonia. His condition was for a few days crit- 
ical and it was feared that he would succumb to the 
disease. His condition is now improved and it is believed 
that he will recover. 

Henry Jacobs, the druggist at Tenth and Jefferson 

streets, is contemplating the erection of a plant for the 
manufacture of the Shaker remedies. He will probably 
receive bids for the building before the end of the month. 



January lo, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



53 



OPIUM SMUGGLER ARRESTED. 



DETROIT. 



Caagrbt After Six Years Spent In Canada. 

Detroit. Jan. 5.— Six years ago James W. McGregor was 
arrested in this city charged with being an opium 
smuggler. He was released on $1,000, Immediately skipped 
tor Canada and the United States officers have wanted 
tiim badly ever since. Last Monday McGregor came over 
on the ferry from Windsor to visit his wife, who still lives 
here. He managed to land without trouble, but after a 
few hours' visit with Mrs. McGregor he proceeded to get 
■drunk and abuse her. She stood it for awhile, then went 
<Jown to police headquarters and complained of him, tell- 
ing just who he was and how glad the United States au- 
thorities would be to see him. A detective was sent after 
him, placed him under arrest and he was locked up. At 
the police court his case was postponed until. January 21, 
and until then he will be very carefully watched so that 
lie will not get back to Windsor again. 

His case had considerable of interest in it. The officers 
knew that opium smuggling was being carried on but 
«ould not spot the men. At last they received a tip that 
some had been landed at an unusual place and had been 
placed in a buggy and taken away. The buggy was traced 
to a remote place and fifty half-pound cans of opium 
found in it. Three men, Richard Richardson. Charles 
Jacob and James McGregor were in the buggy and all 
thre« tried to escape. The first two got away, but a bullet 
from the revolver of one of the officers came mighty near 
McGregor and made him throw up. his hands. Jacobs was 
afterwards captured but succeeded in getting his liberty. 
Klchardson got over to Canada and has never been caught. 
McGregor was indicted by the Grand Jury and released 
■on $1,000 bail. .\s said above, he skipped his bail and man- 
aged to keep himself dark ever since, until his New Year's 
festivities of this week wrought his ruin. 



A HAPPY REUXIOX. 

Detroit. Jan. 5^— --^ very unexpected— and very happy- 
reunion took place at Farrand. Williams & Clark's on New 
Tear's morning, when several former employees "just hap- 
pened in." one after the other, until six of them were there 
at one time, not one knowing that the others were in town. 
The gentlemen were Charles D. McManus, now with Solon 
Palmer: George S. McKay, with the Western Drug Co.; 
<5uy Kinney, with Parke, Davis & Co.; .41tie Ross, with 



Bennett, Myers & Co.; A. E. Kent, with Lee's Plaster Co., 
and J. Ed. Howard, of Detroit. All had worked together 
for periods varying from five to ten years, and all had left 
about the same year, two or three years ago, and had 
never seen the others "in a bunch" since. A merry hour 
was spent in talking over old days, ajid then adjournment 
was made to take something substantial to their memory. 



BOWLING. 

Detroit, Jan. 5.— The office force and the "boys up- 
stairs" of Farrand, Williams & Clark, played a series of 
games on Wednesday evening, in which the office men 
proved themselves the mightier in two out of three games. 
The scores were as follows: 

OFFICE. 

First. Second. Third. 

Mackay 160 130 126 

Teagan 173 153 130 

W. Filer 123 94 89 

Smith 109 112 102 

Macadam 135 184 162 

Totals 700 673 609 

UPSTAIRS. 

First. Second. Third. 

Kopperschmidt 121 106 ' 183 

Andres So 98 145 

Simons 200 133 146 

Gendernalike 116 149 126 

Campbell 147 141 151 

Totals 649 627 751 



NOTES. 

Walter E. Payne, long time with the Michigan Drug 

Co., Detroit, has taken Horace Greeley's advice and has 
gone West. He will go into business for himself, probably 
in Idaho. Richard Reycraft has taken Mr. Payne's posi- 
tion with the Michigan Drug Co. 

- — C. J. Austin, of Battle Creek, has sold his drug stock 
to B. M. Parker, his former clerk. Mr. Austin will go into 
the wholesale grocerj- business in Lansing. 

J. Lohrstorfer, of the Corner Drug Store. Port Huron, 

is in bed again with his old complaint, inflammatory 
rheumatism. 

Charles E. Jewell, drug clerk, formerly of Pontiac, has 

taken a position with the Parkinson Pharmacy, Saginaw, 
E. S. 



CHICAGO. 



TELEPHONE COMPANY'S NE>V PL.*jr. 



Another Sclieme Presented for the Drngslsts' Con- 
sideration. 

Chicago, Jan. 5.— The Chicago Telephone Company is 
agitating a new arrangement with the druggists of this 
•city. The new dispensation seems to be decidedly to the 
advantage of the druggists. The impetus of the plan is 
■due no doubt to the desire on the part of the company to 
bead oft its rival in the field. The move is a good one, 
and it is good business tactics all around for the company 
and the subscribers as well. Briefly the plain is this: 
The druggist is entitled to one-hadf of the receipts of his 
'phone over $180 per year, instead of one-half over $200. 
Collections are made once every ten days, the collector 
deducting the company's proportionate share and leaving 
the druggist his share. If the amount falls short of the 
necessary proportion the company and not the drug- 
gist stands the loss. Whenever there is anything over, 
however, the druggist gets liis share. In short, the drug- 
gist is a winner even if the receipts fall short ten times 
and are a little ahead on the eleventh collection. 

The plan is meeting with much favor among the tele- 
phone subscribers. It is as near a sure thing for them as 
it could be made. 



A CORRECTION. 

Chicago, Jan. 5.— Messrs. Sagar & Lyon, whose names 
were mentioned as members of a retail drug store syndi- 
•cate in these columns recently, state that they are not 
members of any syndicate or combination whatever: 
that they are iu business on their own hook. The store 



of Messrs. Sagar & Lyon is one of the most attractive 
drug stores on State street. It is under the personal man- 
agement of Mr. Sagar. 

BOAV'LING. 

Chicago, Jan. 5.— At the regular meeting of the Chicago 
Drug Trade Bowling Club last night the following score 
was made: 

Armstrong 166 223 213 

Thomas 194 157 190 

Baker 200 165 197 

Bauer 176 151 182 

Medberry 187 164 119 

Storer 1G3 107 168 

Odbert 106 143 147 

Blocki 153 150 142 

Waldron 189 145 14. 

Pechter IW 128 84 

.4rmstrong won the high average medal for the week 
with a total of 602 for the three games. 

NOTES. 

— William F. Faber, Western representative of Ellis & 
Goltermann, of New York, manufacturers of atomizers 
and syringes, leaves to-night on a trip to the West in 
the interests of his house. 

■ The Illinois State Board of Pharmacy will meet in 

Chicago next week to examine apprentices and will hold 
its regular session in Springfield during the week begin- 
ning with January 14. 

It is reported that W. A. Dyche has sold the D. R. 

Dvche & Company store at State and Randolph streets to 
Harry Gundling, of the Colbert Chemical Company. 



54 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo. 1901. 



THE NORTHWEST. 



THE DRUG WOIIM TtRXS. 

St. Paul, Minn.. Jan. 3.— Perhaps the most laughable in- 
cident that the holiday season evolved In the Twin Cities 
took place In MInneapo'.ls. One of the local papers relates 
that Conductor Edward D. McDonald, of the St. Paul road, 
who makes the West Hotel his home between runs, is 
greatly given to practical Joking. He has long taken a 
particular delight In making Fred WeinhoUl, the hotel 
druggist, the star actor in his humorous skits. Fred has 
watched patiently for a chance to play even, but the 
chance has never presented itself until Christmas Day, 
when he was able to take "Mac" oft his guard. The con- 
ductor was taking it easy in the hotel lobby after the 
previous day's run. He fell Into a doze as he sat in one of 
the hotel settees, and it was in that condition that the 
wily VVeinhold discovered him. With many a gleeful 
chuckle, the druggist secured a dollar's worth of small 
change, cents, nickels and dimes, and depositing the cur- 
rency in a paste board box, softly placed It on "Mac's " 
knees. Then he got a large placard, bearing this inscrip- 
tion: 

i . 

: A Merry Christmas. Help the Poor and Blind. : 

Several traveling men who passed that way, filled with 
the spirit of peace on earth, good will to men. dropped 
small coins into the box, thinking the recipient was some 
deserving object of charity. Then Mr. McDonald awoke, 
and he had to rub his eyes hard before he could appreciate 
the situation. He got even by pocketing the coin and he 
says he needed the money. 



NOTES. 

Successions: Herley & Fey. Emmetsburg, la., by 

George F. Herley; J. B. Whit taker. Central City, Neb., by 
Stitzer & McCracken; Hensen A. Ross. Des Moines, la., 
by C. McKinnis & Co.; G. F. Peterson, East Grand Forks, 
Minn., by Peterson & Sinclair; W. A. Jones. Clark. S. D., 
by Jones Bros.; J. W. Boering & Co., Leeds. N. D., by J. 



W. Peterson; G. S. Shimmin. Buffalo. Minn., by Shimmiit 
13rns. 

Raben Bros., druggists at Armour, S. D.. for many 

years, have retired from business. Dr. La Shier has pur- 
chased their large stock and will conduct the business. 

Albert J. Williams has sold half of his interest in Rhea 

& Williams. Grundy Center, la., and a similar portion of 
his interest in WiKiams & De Lay, Odebolt, 

The Sears Glass & Paint Co.. Salt Lake City, Utah. 

has amended its articles of incorporation and changed its- 
title to the Bennett Glass & Paint Co. 

The Durand, Wis., Drug Co. has absorbed the old drug 

establishment known as Dr. Hutchinson & Son, who have 
been established there since 1S(J6. 

Fred .-V. Conger, the St. Paul druggist, has left on a- 

hurried trip to Picton. Canada, his old home, called by the- 
serious illness of his mother. 

W. E. Dewey, of Luverne, was in the city on business 

Tuesday; also L. B. Schindler, who is now in charge of a. 
drug store at Hanley Falls. 

Among the deaths of the week were those of Mr. Nut- 

zel, of Nutzel & Eagle, Merrill, Wis., and C. S. Jones,. 
Pocahontas, la. 

G. H. Countryman, of Belview. who has been on a brief 

visit to North Dakota, has returned to his home and busi- 
ness. 

Elmer Middaugh. an old-time druggist, of Owatonna, 

was visiting some old acquaintances here this week. 

John Nelson, Lake Park. Minn., and C. R. Hamilton.. 

Hunter, N. D., have been burned out. 

Aug. Dobberphul, Milwaukee, and Robert F. Brown, 

Seattle, Wash., have given bills of sale. 

F. W. Krueger, of Dassel, paid a flying visit to the city 

the early part of this week. 

J. J. Greaves, Glencoe, Minn., has admitted Edwia 

Greaves to partnership. 



ST. LOUIS. 



DRUGGISTS .*-S ACTORS. 



St. Lonia College AInmnI AVtll Trencl the Boards 
in n T«o-Fold Sense. 

St. Louis, Jan. D.— The officers and members of the 
Alumni Association of the St. Louis College of Phar- 
macy are arranging for their annual entertainment and 
ball," which will be held at Leiderkranz Hall on Thursday 
evening, January ;'.l. The entertainment part will con- 
sist of two short plays in which the participants are all 
closely connected with the local drug business and most 
of whom have been seen before the footlights on former 
occasions. The first play Is entitled "My Neighbor's 
Wife," and the cast is as follows: 

Mr. Somerton, an artist Mr. A. V. Marquardt 

Mr. Tlmothv Brown, a broker Mr. Paul Schneider 

Mr. Jonathan Smith, a tailor Mr. W. H. Lamont 

Mrs- Somerton Miss Lottie Boehmann 

Mrs. Brown Miss Dollie Vollance 

Mrs. Smith Miss Emma Zschokke 

Overture Seymour's Band. 

Vocal Solo Miss Nellie Holden. 

Monologue Mr. Chas. A.. Fritz. 

The next is a one-act farce written by Mr. W. H. 
Lamont and entitled "The Corner Drug Store." It pur- 
poses to represent the daily life of the average druggist. 
The following is the cast of the play: 

August Dinklebinder, druggist Theo. F. Hagenow 

Heine Hamburger, a clerk E. H. Voepel 

Rastus Johnson, porter Chas. Wagner 

Patrick O'Hulihan. policeman W. H. Lamont 

Mr. Sellumquick, of the West-Meyer-Merrell Drug 

Co Paul Schneider 

Dr. Curall A. V. Marquardt 

Mr. Jones, a customer A. Konetsky 

Mr. 'Very fresh, a drummer Paul Schneider 

Rosinsmy. from Morgan Street L. A. Seltz 

Mrs. Green's Boy W. H. Lamont 

Mr. Simpklns, from the country L. A. Seltz 



Mrs. B. Z. Shopper, a customer. .. .Miss Lottie Boehmani* 

Miss Stagy Footlights, a vaudaville artist 

Miss Dolly Vailance 

Mrs. Simpkins. from the country. .Miss Emma Zschokke 
Mrs. Dinklebinder. the druggist's wife. 

The entertainment will begin at eight o'clock sharp. 
Supper will be served about midnight. 



NOTES. 

The ofTicers. heads of departments and salesmen of 

the J. S. Merrell Drug Co. held a very enjoyable little 
banquet at the Mercantile Club last Saturday. It was 
given by president C. P. Wal'brldge and lasted from five 
until nine P. M. It was an occasion which they will all 
look back upon with pleasure for a long time to come. 

The Druggists' Cocked Hat League did not hold a 

meeting on the regular night of holiday week; however, 
they made up in energy and enthusiasm on last Thurs- 
day night when the following scores were recorded: Mof- 
fitt-West 3, J. S. Merrell 2; Mound City Paints 4, Elt 
Lilly 1; The Searle & Hereth 3, Meyer Bros. 2. 

F. A. Fitch, for several years with the New Orleans 

firm of Brunswig & Co., has entered the employ of the 
Meyer Bros. Drug Co., and will represent that firm In 
Louisiana. 

W^. C. Meyers, formerly chief clerk at the Grove Phar- 
macy Co., Webster Grove, Mo., has purchased the drus 
store at Nineteenth and 0' Fallon streets, from W. F- 
Flemming. 

There seems to be no prospect of a new wholesale 

drug firm in this city, notwithstanding the many rumors 
and reports to that effect which were kept circulating all 
last year. 

D. Howes, for some time past city representative for 

the Moffltt-West Drug Co., has resigned his position and 



January lo, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



55 



*xpects to go on the road for another firm In the near 
future. 

Dr. H. M. Whelpley will give an Illustrated lecture at 

the North Side Culture Club on next Monday night. His 
subject will be "A Trip Through the Mammoth Cave." 

R. T. Gibb.s. formerly with the Meyer Bros. Drug 

Co.. has entered the wholesale drug business at Shreve- 
port. La. The style of the firm is Conger, Cahn & Glbt)S. 

H. Stieg^emeyer. formerly m'anager of the Phoenix 

Pharmacy, Jefferson and Cass avenues, is arranging to 
open a new drug store at Grand and Emily avenues. 

Dr. W. F. Hooper, of Magazine, Ark., has been in the 

<;lty for the past few days selecting a new drug store 
outtit which he will open at his own town. 

J. C Minter has gone on the road for the Meyer Bros. 

Drug Co. and will represent that firm in Northwest Mis- 
■souri with headquarters at Chillicothe. 

J. B. Cuykendall. the well-known representative for 

Eli Lilly & Co., has been forced to resign his position 
and go to New Mexico for his health. 

J. P. Graff, the well-known local drug clerk, is back 

at his old position as chief clerk for Leland Miller, Sixth 
and Locust streets 

Harry Tyler, formerly with the Meyer Bros. Drug Co., 

is now representing the Moflitt-West Drug Co. in South- 
-east Missouri. 

^ Dr. B. J. Ludwig, Jefferson avenue and Washington 

street, is receiving congratulations from his many friends. 

It is a son. 

M. W. English, for man.v years a prominent local 

, ^rug clerk, is at the city desli for the Moffitt-West Drug 
Company. 



H. D. Delkeskamp has left the employ of the Meyer 

Bros. Drug Co. and is now local representative for Bauer 
& Black. 

Philip Vlerheller Is arranging to embark in the drug 

business with a new stand at Jefferson and Gravois 
avenues. 

S. W. Culp, of MorrisonviUe, 111., one of the oldest 

druggists In the State, has been spending a few days in 
the city. 

C. F. Allen, local manager for Parke, Davis & Co., 

spent a greater portion of the holidays at headquarters in 
Detroit. 

R. W. Lower, formerly with the Moffltt-West Drug 

Co. in Kentucky and Tennessee, has gone with Eli Lilly 
& Co. 

Charles Cameron, chief clerk at the Kingshighway 

pharmacy, has been seriously ill for several days. 

H. C. Tyler has gone on the road for the Moffltt-West 

Drug Co. and will travel in Southwest Missouri. 

G. W. Blackford has gone on the road for Parke. 

Davis & Co., with headquarters in this city. 

M. I. DeVorkin has purchased the drug store at 3750 

Page Boulevard from Horwitz & Kalis. 

'VJ'. B. Jones, representing Eli Lilly & Co., has been 

transferred from Michigan to this city. 

C. E. Reynolds, of Des Moines, la., is embarking in the 

drug business at that place. 

^T. O. Knight will represent tne Moffltt-West Drug Co. 

this year in Arkansas. 



BUSINESS RECORD. 

We desire to make this a complete record of all new 
•firms, all changes in firms, deaths, fires and assignments 
■wliieh occur among houses connected with the drug trade 
In the United States, Our readers will confer a favor 
■by reporting promptly such items from their respective 
localities. 

Subscribers to the ERA DRUGGISTS' DIRECTORY 
-can correct their copies from the record, and the term 
•'D. D. List." used here, refers to this directory. 

We exercise due care to insure the authenticity of 
Items here recorded, but they are obtained from such a 
variety of sources that their absolute correctness cannot 
*e guaranteed. 

Address, THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 

New York. 



ARKANSAS.— Knoxville.— A. B. Williams, sold to Dr. A. 
B. Carv. 
Little Rock.— S. D. Knox & Co., 1001 W. Markham, 
sold to O. E .White. 
CALIFORNIA.— Los Angeles.— F. E. Corbin. 1952 First 
street, sold to C. R. Snead. 
Santa Clara.— S. Oberdeener, damaged bv fire. 
COLORADO.— Leadville.—R. H. McKenzie, 146 East Sixth 

street, damaged bv fire. 
CONNECTICl'T.— Hartford.— The Marwick Drug Co., 
corner Asylum and Main streets, new store. 
Southineiton. — L. E. Southworth. sold to Alfred Oxley. 
ILLINOIS.— Chicago.— R. P. Braun, 3100 Wentworth ave- 
nue, deceased. 
Pittsfield.— Pollock Brothers, sold to J. H. Barber. 
Shabbona.— O. F. Wilson, sold to H. A. York & Co. 
TOWA.— Bristow.— F. E. Wenham, sold to Richards & 
Crawford. 
Des Moines.— Veatch & Co.. 2026 Cottage Grove ave- 
nue in D. D. List, should be changed to 2201 Cot- 
tage Grove avenue. 
Emmetsburg.— Herley & Pay. succeeded by George F. 

Herley. 
Mason Citv. — J. W. Adams, damaged by fire. 
IvANSAS.—Hiawalha.— Charles E. Kelly, sold to J. C. 
A\'atson. 
Winfleld — W. A. Farringer. succeeded by Ed. G. Cole. 
KENTUCKY.— Henderson.— W. M. Talley, sold to Rosen- 
field Drug Store. 
LOUISIAN.\.— Thibodeaux.— Roth Drug Co.. Ltd.. suc- 
ceeded by Roth Drug Store. E. N. Roth, proprietor. 
MAINE. — Portlanil.— John E. Lynch, 30 Wa.^hington. sold 

to J. F. Sheehan. 
:MICHIGAN.— Scotts.— F. G. Milliman, succeeded bv W. 

A. Tidd. 
MINNESOT.A.— Clinton. E. O. Lindholm. deceased. 

Lake Park —John Nelson, damaged by fire. 
MISSOURI.— St. Louis— James A. Jones, Tenth street 

and Cass avenue, deceased. 
NEBR)ASK.A..— Central Citv.— J. B. Whittaker, sold to 

Stitzer & McCracken. 
NEW H.\MPSHIRE— North Woodstock.— N. F. Sleeper, 

sold to D. R. Graves & Co. 
^TEW JERSEY.— Newark.— Philip Roth's Pharmacy, No, 



297 Market street, now International Pharmacy. 

Richard Staebler, No. 848 Broad street, now R. F. 
& G. A. Hellstern. 
Paterson.— Charles M. Campbell No. 674 Main street. 

sold to Robert A. Roe. E. B. Pellett. No. 482 

Broadway, new store. F. Vigna. No. 103 Market 

street, sold to Thompson's Pharmacy 
NEW YORK.— New York City.— Gassin Brothers, No. 174 

Bleecker street, succeeded bv Charles E. Gassin. 
NORTH CAROLIN.A.— Mount Olive.— L. P. Aaron, suc- 
ceeded by L. P. Aaron & Co. 
OHIO. — ^Bellefontaine. — .\. C. Wallace, deceased. 
OREGON.— Ashland.— E. A. Sherwin, sold to McNair 

Brothers. 
TEXAS.— Avalon.— W. H. Davis, sold to J. W. Muirhead. 
Collinsville.— S. A. Greaves, sold to R. J. Coleman. 
Mullin.— J. W. Lumpkin, sold to Fisher & Absher. 
Rockdale. — W. I. Clark, succeeded bv Clark & Perry. 
WISCONSIN.— Milwaukee.— A. Dobberphul. Ninth and 
Center streets, sold to Arthur J. Luebke. 
Sharon.— D. G. Morris, sold to B. Chilson. 



Toilet Sonp.s anil Dm^-gists. 

Thirty years ago saw the sale of toilet articles, soaps 
and perfumery entirely in the hands of druggists. Such 
goods were sold at their marked retail prices, and the best 
brushes, the best soaps and the best perfumery had the 
widest sale without the aid of flamboyant advertising. In 
tliose days the opinion of the man behind the counter, in 
regard to the quality of this article or that, carried great 
weight, and it was safe to judge the merit of anything by 
the way it sold. Those were days of sunshine in the drug 
business. Comparatively little capital was needed to em- 
bark in the business, while the margin of profit was large, 
and an energetic man who knew his business and attended 
to it could turn his small stock over several times a year. 

But it was this e.asy condition wh:ch wrought the drug- 
gists' undoing. Tales of marvelous profits attracted others 
to the business until it became overcrowded in almost 
every town. Department stores sprang up, and with them 
the necessity for some "leader" to offer as a bait, and 
what could be better for this purpose than this soap which 
everybody knew, and everybody paid fifty cents a cake 
tor, or that perfumery which had always been sold at fifty 
cents an ounce. To be sure these prices gave the dealer a 
good profit, but he was not in business for his health, and, 
after all, few druggists ever died rich. 

The result was, that in toilet soaps, especially, the 
trade gradually drifted away from the corner drug store 
to the big department store down town, and the few 
staples which the druggist now has calls for are sold at 
about what they cost him. 

Now. to a man who has spent the greater part of hia 
adu'.t life in studying the needs of the drug trade in the 



56 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January lo, 1901. 



toilet soap line, the remedy for this state of affairs lies 
right here: Don't try to sell the cut staples, but do your 
part In creating a demand for soaps which cannot be ob- 
tained In department stores, but which must be purchased 
at a drug store; soaps which will please the customer and 
bring him back again, and put "money in your purse" 
besides. Here Is the plan: 

The Eureka Soap Co., Cincinnati, of which Mr. C. G. 
Craddock Is vice-president and general manager, make a 
beautiful line of toilet soaps under the trade name of 
Andre Dunols. None but a druggist can buy Andre Dunols 
soaps. It Is proposed to place them In every drug store 
in the country, to sell them at moderate prices and to 
make It an object to every druggist to confine his sales of 
soap as far as possible to this line, until the name Andre 
Dunois becomes established In the mind of the public as a 
synonym for high quality, delicate perfume and beautiful 
appearance, and as the name of a line of fine soaps that 
must be purchased at the drug store. The plan is more 
fully set forth in the advertising pages of this issue, and 
is submitted to the trade in the belief that it will be 
readily accepted. 



INDEX TO THIS NUMBER. 



BRITISH PHARMACEUTICAL NEWS. 

London, Dec. 21. 
The DrltlsU Phaj-miu^eiitical Conferenoe. 

Lois Siebold has resigned the editorship of the "Year 
Book of Pharmacy," published annually by the Confer- 
ence. 

The first week in August has been provisionally fixed 
for the Dublin meeting. 

At Dublin on December 14 a meeting was held at which 
an influential local committee was chosen to arrange for 
the reception of the Conference next year. W. F. Wells, 
ex-president of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland, 
was elected chairman; G. D. Beggs, president P. S. I., 
treasurer, and Mr. J. I. Bernard, vice-president P. S.I.. 
honorary secretary to the committee, which includes Sir 
Thomas W. Robinson, Dr. Tlchborne, Dr. Walsh and 
others well known in Dublin scientific and pharmaceutical 
circles. An attractive programme of social functions 
has been sketched out. 

Institute of Chemistry. 

Dr. J. Millar Thompson, the president of the Institute, 
occupied the chair at the annual dinner at the Troca- 
dero Restaurant, London, on December 7. There was a 
brilliant assembly of scientists and a large number of 
toasts were given, that of the "Learned Societies" was 
proposed by Michael Carteighe, ex-president of the Phar- 
maceutical Society, and replied to by J. W. Swan, F. R. S., 
president of the Society of Chemical Industry. The toast 
of "The Visitors" was introduced by David Howard, 
treasurer of the Institute and a member of Howard & 
Sons, the well-known quinine manufacturers. 
Ma^^esla. Frooecntlon. 

A Portsmouth chemist was charged on December 3 
with selling magnesia containing 13 per cent, of car- 
bonate. The defence was that owing to the analyst keep- 
ing the drug for three days in his laboratory only wrapped 
In paper CO; had been absorbed fro«i the air. The magis- 
trates dismissed the case. 

Distribution of Qnlnlne in Italy. 

A bill has been introduced Into the Italian Parliament 
to authorize the sale of quinine in the State, tobacco and 
salt Shops, the trade in those two articles Is a Govern- 
ment monopoly. The proposed price, subject to alteration 
in accordance with the market value is 50 centimes for 
three grams of sulphate or two grams of hydrochloride. 
The suggestions are much on the lines of the British 
Government sale of quinine in India and the object also 
is similar. I. e., to combat malaria and other fevers by 
placing the drug within easy reach of the peasantry. 
The C. A. Vogreler Companr. 

A case of considerable interest to American readers 
was before the House of Lords (the British final court of 
appeal) on December 14. The Vogeler Company are the 
proprietors of St Jacob's Oil and their main business 
establishment Is In Baltimore, their European connection 
being under the control of W. E. Geddes. with an office 
in London. In December, 1S99, the company assigned 
their business to one Dulaney, who had acted as their 
manager, as trustee for the creditors, and the point 
was whether this constituted an act of bankruptcy as 
far as the English business was concerned. The court 
held that the action did not come under the English 



PAGE 

Acid, Cacodyllc, and Cacodylates 40 

Amber 31 

ASSOCIATIONS, Clubs, Alumni Etc.— American 
Chemical Society, New York Section, 48; British 
Pharmaceutical Conference, 56; Chicago Drug Club, 
53; London Institute of Chemistry, 56; Manhattan, 
48; Missouri Pharmaceutical, 56; New York German 
Apothecaries, 48; New York Retail Druggists. — 
New York Scientific Alliance, 48; Philadelphia Re- 
tail Druggists. 50; St. Louis College of Pharmacy 

Alumni 54 

Balsam de Maltha 41 

BOARDS OF PHARMACY.— Illinois. 53; Massachu- 
setts. 50; New York City. 46; New York State 4» 

BOWLING. DRUG TRADE.— Baltimore, 52; Chicago, 

53; Detroit, 53; Philadelphia 61 

British Pharmaceutical News 6ff 

Business Record 65 

Calcium Cacodylate 41 

Candj^. Gl>"cerlne 41 

Chemical "Theories. Exposition S4 

COLLEGES OF PHARMACY.— Brooklyn, 48; Phila- 
delphia 61 

Cough Candle."! 41 

EDITORIALS.— New Pharmacy Law. 30: Higher Cost 
Will Not Decrease Cutting. 30; Pure Food Bill, 28; 
Wouldn't It Jar You? 31; Rochester Apathetic... 31 

Elements. Periodic Arrangement 35 

Fruits. Forms and Modes of Dispersal 8ft 

Furfural in Beverages 81 

Iron Cacodylate 41 

Law, Pharmacy, New York 44 

Library, Pharmacist's 3& 

Liquor. Sales. Maine 49 

Magnesium Carbonate Prosecution 66 

Match Industry. Phosphorus 37 

Mercury Cacodylate 41 

Molecules, Gaseous 34 

Liquid 34 

NEWS LETTERS.— Baltimore. 52; Boston. 49; Chi- 
cago, 53; Detroit 53; London, 56: Louisville, 52; 
New York. 46; Northwest, 54; Philadelphia, 50; 

St. Louis 64 

Oil. Earthnut. Industry 42 

Peanut 42 

Rose. Occurrence of Phenylethyl Alcohol 3* 

Opium Smuggling in Detroit 6* 

Pastilles. Glycerine 41 

PERSONAL. Including Obituaries, Items of Interest, 
Etc.— Allen. Miss Emily F., 49; American Sanitary 
and Dispensary Co.. 56; Ammon. Conrad. 47; Baer, 
Dr. Herman. 51: Brown, Charles F., 48: Cohen, 
Herman L.. 47: Cohen & Co., 47: Crecellus. J. F.. 
52; Crosher. Henrv P. 48: Currier, Dr. W. H., 50; 
Erb, L. G. B.. 48"; Fisher. Harry F., 49; Gllfcert, 
Fairfield. 50; Johnson. William. 45; Jones, C. S., 
54: McGregor. James W.. 53; Marwick Drug Co., 
56; Priori. Lorenzo. 47; Reeder Remedies Co., 50; 
Rich, Dr. Frank R.. 52; Richardson, Henry. 52; 
Shimer. Miles H.. 51: Tarrant & Co.. 45; Thomas 
& Porterfield. 51: Thompson. John. 56: Vienna Drug 
Co.. 56; Voegeler Company C. A., 56: Wilson & 

Thompson. 52; Yeiser & Sons. 52; Zink, Edward 47 

Pharmacopoeia. British, Indian and Colonial -Adden- 
dum 32 

Poison Law. Illinois 42 

New York State 42 

Polish. Shoe 41 

Potassium Chlorate as Explosive 45 

Price Schedule. New York City 46 

Profits. How to Know 38 

Question Box 41 

Quinine Distribution. Italy 56 

Rose Blossoms. Phenvlethyl Alcohol 33 

Seed. Distribution 38 

Sodium Cacodylate 40 

Stock Taking 38 

"Telephone Proposition. Chicago 53 

Window Display 48 

bankruptcy law, as the company was outside its juris- 
diction. 

Mlscellaneons. 

On December 6. at an Inquest on a young man who 
died at Littleborough. Lancashire, from morphine poi- 
soning. It came out that the poison had been supplied 
from one of two shops kept by Joseph Sidebottom, 
chemist and druggist. Sidebottom. in his evidence, stated 
that he himself supplied the deceased, but it was proved 
that he was not even in the shop at the time and that the 
actual seller was his unqualified brother. The coroner 
severely censured Sidebottom and it Is likely that legal 
proceedings may be taken against his brother. 



NEW ADVERTISEMENTS IN THIS 'WEEK'S ERA, 



American Soda Fountain Co. 10 

.\ntikamnla Chem. Co 3 

Bangs' Druggists' Fixture 

Co.. C. H 5 

Chattanooga Med. Co. ...CovB 
Coe Mfg. Co 14 



Hood & Co., C. 1 1 

Lehn & Fink 12 

New York Quinine & Chem. 

Works Cov D 

Vapo Cresolene Co 8 



The Pharmaceutical Era. 



EVERY THURSDAY. 



VOL. XXV. 



NEW YORK, JANUARY 17. 1901. 



No. 3. 



Entered at the Acic York Posl Office as Second Class Hatter. 
ESTABLISHED 1887. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



Published Every Thursday, at 306 Broadway. 
BT D. O. "haYNES & CO. 



New York, 



SVIISCRIPTIO.X KATKS: 

U. S.. Canada and Mexico $.H.OO per annum 

Foreign Countries in Postal Union 4.00 per annum 



ERA "BLUE BOOK."— These Price List editions of the 
Era. issued in January and July, will be sent free to 
all regular yearly subscribers. 



ADVERTISING R.A.TES ON APPLIC.'VTION. 



ADDRESS, The Ph.ar.maceutic.\l ER.4, 



Telephone: 2240 Franklin. 

Cable A.3dress: "ERA"— New York. 



KFTW YORK. 



SEE LAST READING PAGE FOR COMPLETE 
I.\DEX TO THIS XUSIBER. 



REPEAL OF THE WAR TAX. 

The Finance Committee of the United States 
Senate has within the past few days announced 
that the bill which it is preparing and which shall 
provide for the repeal of certain sections of the 
war stamp tax act, will not at once be submitted 
to the Senate, but will be delayed for a few weeks. 
This bill, it is announced, will be very different 
from that passed last month by the House of 
Representatives. It will provide for a decrease in 
this revenue of some 850,000,000, but will not go 
into effect, if passed, until next July, the interim 
being expected to bring in enough revenue to off- 
set the increased reduction which will result from 
the operation of the new law, and give time also 
for the present possessors of revenue stamps to 
use them up. So the drug trade must expect that 
it will not be relieved of this ta.x for a few months 
to come, though we are assured that it will be 
removed. 

An interesting and rather important develop- 
ment, however, has come to light during the past 
week or so, and that is a more or less formidable 
opposition on the part of one or more manufac- 
turers of proprietary preparations to the repeal of 
this tax. It is alleged that a prominent pro- 
prietor of Xew York City has been working hard 
to influence the Senate committee against in- 
cluding Schedule J\ in the repeal measure. The 
attitude of this proprietor is not at all surprising 
to the trade, as it has been known for some 
time. He is opposed to the repeal on the ground 
that a revenue stamp protects a proprietary ar- 
ticle against fraud and substitution, and makes 



the United States the prosecutor of ofifeiukrs, 
thereby guaranteeing a degree of protection ta 
the genuine proprietary preparation which is not 
afforded by the trademark and copyright laws. 
'ilie report that this manufacturer visited Wash- 
ington last week with his lawyer caused a num- 
ber of proprietors in this section 'to give more 
than mere passing attention to his attitude, and 
numerous telegrams were sent to the national 
capital in an effort to ascertain the result of this 
particular individual's visit. One reply received 
from Washington was that "a number of Eastern 
manufacturers had opposed the repeal of Sche- 
dule E." This report made the matter seem 
more serious, and resulted in bringing together 
in an informal meeting several large proprietors 
in this vicinity. It seemed to be the feeling that 
certain manufacturers in the Xew England States 
were possibly upholding the hands of the objec- 
tor to the repeal measure, though no definite 
evidence to this effect could Ik-, nor has yet been, 
acquired. Those present at the informal meeting 
were very plain in expressing their opinion that 
if the manufacturers indicated were opposing the 
repeal it was not from any other motive than 
a selfish one. It was brought out and shown by 
figures that some of the firms in question had 
raised their prices under the war ta.x to a degree 
which netted them a very considerable additional 
profit, and their opposition could be well ex- 
plained by the assiunption that they did not wish 
to lose this increase, which they undoubtedly 
would have to lose were the tax repealed. 

This seems to be as far as the opposition 
movement has progresssed. The majority of the 
drug trade, including practically all the retailers 
and the greater proportion of jobbers and pro- 
prietors, do not believe that the few proprietors in 
question can afford to advocate the retention of 
tlie Schedule B ta.x. The drug trade has gone on 
record une<|uivocally to the effect that the tax 
should !)e removed, and that as soon as possible, 
and the proprietor who has the temerity to as- 
sume an opposing attitude, would suffer, it is 
openly said, very great decrease in his sales, 
."^till. if the few proprietors alleged to be arraved 
in opposition to the repeal are really working in 
that direction, their position must not be disre- 
garded, as they are large firms, and have very de- 
cided and powerful influence upon our national 
law-makers, and there is a possibility that if not 
headed off they may succeed in obtaining from 
the Senate committee concessions along the line 
indicated which will be decidedly inimical to the 
interests of the trade as a whole. It seems the 



58 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17, 1901. 



part of wisdom, therefore, that the trade shall not 
"let up" in its efforts to bring to bear upon the 
(members of the Senate and the House all possi- 
Me influence to secure a measure which will re- 
lieve the trade entirely of this onerous and un- 
just tax. The only argument in favor of its re- 
tention which seems to have even a basis of 
soundness in it, is that advanced by the sole, sin- 
gle proprietor indicated above, namely, that the 
revenue stamp constitutes a certain degree of 
protection to the article to which affixed. Of 
course such a minor point as this cannot be 
.illowed to operate against the greater benefit 
which would accrue to everyone from a removal 
of the tax burden. This journal has taken a very 
active part in advocating the trade's interests in 
this matter, and it urges all druggists, manufac- 
turers, and proprietors who believe that the tax 
is an unjust one, not to relax in their efforts, but 
to keep up the good fight till victory is not 
merely assured, hut achieved. Let your Senators 
and Representatives hear from you in forcible 
manner and frequently. 

THE TARRANT CASE. 

As chronicled in the news section this week, 
the coroner's jury has decided that the recent 
disastrous explosion and loss of life occurring in 
the Tarrant fire some weeks ago were due to 
•criminal negligence on the part of the members 
of the firm in allowing the storage of prohibited 
quantities of explosive and dangerous chemicals. 
The matter has been referred to the grand jury, 
and it is probable that indictment will be found 
against the firm members in question and that 
they will be held for trial. The drug trade as a 
whole, ever since this terrible catastrophe, has 
expressed nothing but the most hearty sympathy 
and condolence for the members of the drug firm 
which has so sorely suffered, expressing the hope 
that it would be found that no criminal negli- 
rgence existed. It seems, however, impossible to 
go back of the returns. It has been admitted by 
the firm itself, and proven by evidence, that un- 
due amounts of prohibited materials were in 
storage on the premises when the explosions oc- 
curred, and it is alleged that these chemicals were 
the direct cause of the explosions. We have 
every sympathy with the individuals who are 
fliow held responsible, and wish that they, as 
-prominent members of the drug trade and as 
-friends of all therein, could be relieved from this 
: great responsibility.' But back of it all is a prin- 
iciple which must not be lost sight of, and it is in 
recognition of this principle that it seems impos- 
sible to avoid the charge now laid against this 
firm. No one has the right, nor should be al- 
lowed, to jeopardize the lives and property of 
•others by his own act, and it is a principle of law 
that ignorance is no excuse in cases of this char- 
acter. It was the plain duty of Tarrant & Co. to 
know what was stored on their premises. If they 
did not know this, as they claim, and as all be- 
lieve, this is in the law no excuse, in fact renders 
the offense the more inexcusable 

But there are others who must not be relieved 



of responsibility. There are the firms who stored 
excessive quantities of dangerous articles in this 
liuilding, knowing, as they must have known, 
that they were thereby violating the law. The 
mere fact that these firms antl others were very 
active on tlie day following in removing from 
storage in this city large ciuantities of dangerous 
chemicals to places outside the city limits is proof 
enough that they were not ignorant. And what 
shall be said also of the authorities who allowed 
such things to go on under their very eyes? 
What are inspectors for ; should they not inspect? 
.\nd what of the insurance companies also? Are 
their inspectors not su]iposed to see that the 
])rovisions of their policies are strictly observed? 



IXDEX TO VOLUME XXI\', JULY TO 
DECEMBER. 

There is included in this issue a complete in- 
der to \'olunie XXIV, July to December, 1900. 
It is a little late, due to unavoidable circum- 
stances and the great congestion of work in our 
printing office at this season of the year, but it 
will be none the less welcome to Era readers 
on that account. This index, as all its predeces- 
sors, has been very carefully prepared. It does 
not always give the title of an article, but rather 
the subject, and we believe is therefore the more 
easily consulted and satisfactory An index 
properly is a pointer to what the volume con- 
tains, and should be. so far as possible, a sub- 
ject rather than a title index. It is not always 
possible to frame a title for a paper which shall 
adequately indicate its contents, and readers of 
the Era are requested to bear this in mind when 
making use of the index. The great amount of 
material in each of its half yearly volumes can 
be well a])preciated by observing the extent of 
this index. The index can be easily separated 
from the advertising pages, and preserved intact 
for binding. No wideawake druggist who-wishes 
to keep up with the procession can afford to do 
without a pharmaceutical journal which comes to 
him every week, and brings him the freshest and 
most reliable information on all branches of his 
calling. 



LET JUSTICE BE DONE. 
We print in this issue several communica- 
tions, all brought forth by a recent letter from a 
correspondent writing under the nom de plume 
of "Justice." This correspondent taxed the Era, 
by inference at least, with being unfair in its news 
reports from Philadelphia relative to the prose- 
cutions carried on by the Pennsylvania State 
Pharmaceutical Examining Board. It is with 
very much gratification that we now publish 
these letters, wholly unsolicited, but which acquit 
the Era of any unfairness or inaccuracy, and on 
the other hand commend it strongly for the very 
virtues which our previous correspondent claims 
it did not exert. In publishing the drug news 
the Era has always aimed to be thoroughly un- 
biased, impartial, and to give the facts without 
fear or favor, and it is pleasant to learn that our 



January 17, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



59 



Philadelphia and Pennsylvania friends in gen- 
eral recognize that it has done so in this instance. 
With the publication of these letters this week, 
however ,it seems that the subject is about ex- 
hausted, and that "Justice," in attempting to do 
justice, has found Justice "done." The incident 
is closed so far as the Era is concerned. 



THE PROPOSED TEST OF THE NEW 
STATE PHARMACY LAW. 

The announcement in this paper a few days 
ago that it was proposed to test the constitution- 
ality of certain features of the new pharmacy 
law in New York State has aroused a great deal 
of interest and caused much discussion among 
druggists. The points indicated on which the 
test would probably be made are, some of them, 
very good ones, and there are many druggists 
who believe that if carried to an issue the law 
would be found defective in these respects. The 
board of pharmacy itself, we believe, would not 
be averse to having some portions of the law 
changed in accordance with the desires of the 
opposition. It must not be forgotten, however, 
that the law as it now stands, while undeniably 
better than previous existing measures, is at the 
best but a compromise. 

In seeking this legislation it was early ap- 
parent that it would be impossible to get all that 
was desired, and that we must be satisfied with 
what could be obtained. There were factions in 
the State ; there were conflicting opinions ; there 
were various interests which could not at once be 
harmonized, but notwithstanding which some 
progress could be attained. Some sections of the 
State did not wish to give up privileges they then 
possessed, some sections did not propose that 
others shoidd gain more than they ; and the 
framers of the measure found that these interests 
and opinions were so diametrically opposed in 
some cases that all that was possible to do was to 
strike a happy medium. 

It is therefore all the more gratifying to see 
that the druggists of this State recognize the im- 
perfections of the law an4 wish to have them 
remedied. There are several provisions wh.ich, in 
our humble judgment, do not belong in a phar- 
macy law. and which the Era for one would like 
to see deleted. Bear in mind, however, that these 
are our own opinions and may not meet with 
favor from all. For instance, we have always be- 
lieved, and have so frequently said as to become 
tiresome, that a druggist once registered and 
thereby declared competent, ought to be con- 
sidered competent) anywhere in these broad 
United States, without being subjected to an- 
other examination or required to furnish further 
proof of qualification. The New York law is 
faulty in this respect. Unless he secured his cer- 
tificate by examination, the druggist of Buffalo, 
or the druggist of New York, or the druggist up 
the State, under this new law cannot practice 
elsewhere in the State than in the section for 
which his license was originally granted. 



And again, we agree with the objectors that 
the method of selecting members of the board 
should be improved and made uniform. Every 
druggist in the State, whether in the western, 
the eastern or central section, should be allowed 
to express his opinion and cast his vote for the 
selection of the board to represent him. 

Another point : We have never thought it 
right that a private institution like a college of 
pharmacy should be given any proceeds from the 
taxing of druggists for carrying on their busi- 
ness. The entire income of the board should be 
devoted to the board's work and for the enforce- 
ment of the law. If there is any surplus it should 
be covered into the State Treasury, there to be 
held in trust for the use of the board in its hour of 
need. We know we are at variance in this opin- 
ion with some of the members of the board, and 
with no inconsiderable number of the pharma- 
cists at large, but we believe we have the sup- 
port of the majority. The druggist is taxed for 
the privilege of conducting his business, and this 
is all just and proper, as the public welfare re- 
quires this protection of itself ; but to divert any 
portion of this tax to the benefit of a private in- 
stitution we believe is wrong in principle, how- 
ever specious may be the arguments advanced in 
favor of it. 

We want the drug trade of this State to un- 
derstand that the Era is in favor of any and 
every thing which will conduce to the interests 
and advancement of the trade professionally and 
commercially ; but not forgetting at the same 
time that the first purpose of the pharmacy law 
is not the benefit of the pharmacist himself, but 
the protection of the public against incompetency 
in the pharmacist. Pharmacy laws are not for 
the pharmacists; were they such they would be 
class legislation. What we must do is to exert 
every effort to see that these laws, while being 
satisfactory to the public and sufficiently protec- 
tive thereof, shall not at the same time be unduly 
burdensome upon the druggist. 

If there is to be organized opposition to the 
law carried on in a spirit of enmity, it is to be 
much regretted, but if such opposition consists 
in an earnest movement carried on with best mo- 
lives and in all friendliness and sincerity, with the 
sole object of improvang the statute in those re- 
spects in which it is now undeniably inconsistent 
and unduly burdensome, the Era announces its 
hearty sympathy with such a crusade. But let us 
all work for good ; if the law is faulty, point out 
the faults ; do the best we can while the law is 
as it is, but work for its improvement through 
suitable legislative amendment. No measure is 
or can be perfect at its first passage. The sole 
test of the pudding is the eating thereof. We 
cannot always anticipate how it will taste. This 
law has not yet been tried. So let us see how it 
works, and then if it be found that anyone is in- 
jured thereby; prevented from carrying on a 
business for which he is thoroughly competent, 
or in other respects oppressed to any degree 
whatsoever, then is the time to work to remove 
these objections. 



6o 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17, 1901. 



OUR LETTER BOX. 



We n-lHli it dlHtlnctly nnderBtood that tlila de- 
partnieut Is open to everyboily for the tll«- 
cnsMlon of nuy Mubject of Interest to the 
d rajs' trade, but that vre uccept no reMpon»i- 
blllty for the views and opinions expressed 
by eontribntors. 

Please be brief and alvrays sisn your name. 

ANENT THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE BOARD 
PROSECUTIONS. 

Philadelphia, Jan. 10. 

To the Editor: In a letter to the Era signed "Justice," 
a critic from Philadelphia endeai'ors to create the im- 
pression that the Era reports of the recent episodes of 
the State Pharmacy Board "crusade" do not picture the 
real situation there. This seems to me a great injustice 
to the Era. and for the benefit of this party I wish to 
call his attention to the Era news letters from Philadel- 
phia of different dates, and if he is at all like his nom-de- 
plume he will no doubt acknowledge his mistake. That 
Is, unless he is still sore over having had to pay his fine 
of .$10 and costs for his own carelessness and remissness 
In violating a plain mandate of the State law. 

In the issue of the Era of September 27 I find that 
notice was given to its readers that the State Pharmacy 
Board intended to investigate the condition of drug 
stores throughout the State, particularly in regard to 
their compliance with the law requiring the display of 
certificate of registration and a copy of the Board's in- 
structions to their agents was printed for general in- 
formation. About the same time the P. A. R. D., at the 
September meeting, also called attention to the prevalent 
laxness of druggists in not having their certificates 
properly displayed and gave warning of the probable 
consequences to such delinquents. On October 27 the 
columns of the Era contained the news that the State 
Board had caused a tour of inspection to be made of 
Philadelphia drug stores and that a great number of the 
owners thereof had been summoned for non-display of 
registration certificates and renewal receipts. Comment 
on this news stated that "much hard feeling had been 
aroused by the action of the State Board and that the 
general opinion was that it was rather derogatory to the 
dignity of that body to descend to petty persecution." 
A full account of the matter was printed and the general 
consensus of opinion of Philadelphia druggists was given. 

In the Era's report of the first trials of these cases 
a full and impartial account of the doings in the magis- 
trate's office was given, an account of the facts that in- 
cluded precisely what "Justice" states as a piece of new 
Information, i. e., regarding the challenging of the right 
of the board's agents to thus prosecute offenders. This 
was in the issue of November S, 1900. In later issues 
accounts were given of the progress of this matter, which 
were evidently intended to be impartial, as criticism of 
both the State Board's manner of conducting its cases 
and of the druggists themselves can be noted in these 
articles. 

If "Justice" will take the trouble to read his back 
numbers of the Era he will find that its reports of the 
whole business from the beginning to the present time have 
been presented to its readers in a newslike manner, these 
reports, as news should be, being influenced by neither 
side of the question. Any one at all familiar with Phila- 
delphia matters can see the animus of the whole letter. 
"Justice" is disgruntled because the Era reports did not 
picture the action of the board as deep-dyed villainy 
towards a number of meek and mild druggists. Perhaps 
"Justice" was one of the number who tried and failed 
to place the P. A. R. D. on record as upholding violators 
of the State laws, and who savagely assailed the board 
for enforcing the law as they found it after having let 
its provisions remain unenforced for several years. The 
root of the whole matter is this: While such a law is on 
the statute books of the State, it is the duty of every 
law-abiding druggist to obey it, no matter how absurd it 
may seem to him. Then let him get to work and have 



It repealed, not play the "baby act" because he waa 
caught napping. 

Let "Justice" ponder awhile and see If he and his 
fellow druggists are not at fault for not seeking the re- 
peal of a law that they so completely disregarded, then 
let him stop and ask himself the question: "Who violated 
the law. I or the Board?" It is manifestly unfair to 
attack the reports of the Era for not siding In with hiB 
view of the case, for he acknowledges by the tone of his 
letter that he is violently prejudiced and can see but 
one side of the question. To style himself "Justice" is 
a very gross misuse of that word, but perhaps the justice 
he alludes to is the "justice" he displays in his whole 
letter— blind justice. 

ANOTHER KIND OF JUSTICE. 



Philadelphia. Jan. 5. 

To the Editor.— In reading the Era of January 3 I find 
an article published as written by an Injured one, stating 
his grievances but giving no remedy for them, signing 
himself Justice. Can there be justice to an unsigned 
article, when it is plainly apparent to the majority that 
Justice realizes it would not be doing himself justice If he 
signed his name to his letter of accusation of the unfair- 
ness of the report of the recording secretary of P. A. 
R. D. It Is, under ordinary circumstances, foolish to 
answer an unsigned article of such nature. Justice fears 
a wrong impression may be formed without his letter of 
grievance, and which is also without a remedy. I consider 
his report, if accepted by any. which I doubt, would cause 
an impression of far greater magnitude and harm than the 
wrong impression he fears. 

Regarding registration and examination fees; if a man 
Is not capable of passing the State Board examination, 
therefore not capable of managing a pharmacy or as an- 
assistant as the case may be. and he receives that in- 
formation at the cost of one dollar paid for e.vamination, 
he surely must admit that is an insignificant sum for the 
knowledge. Could he spend that sum (100 cents) in any 
other way which would protect the lives of the people 
within the State and his own reputation, when his In- 
capability would necessarily do some one damage? 

The meanness, selfishness and low position or standing 
of the pharmacist to-day are most entirely his own fault. 
The public thinks he lives on the shady side of Easy street, 
corner Pleasant avenue, and does not realize that he is 
working eighteen or nineteen hours each day. 365 days in 
a year, buys the cheapest class of merchandise for his 
own personal use and the customer can justly surmise 
that is the kind he has in stock for them. He is afraid to 
stand for his rights, his prices, or. in fact, anything, fear- 
ing the man at the corner will get his prospective custom- 
ers, and the result is a mere tradesman, recognized as a 
merchant by the public instead of a professional man. He 
should be capable by his own personal qualifications and 
the quality of his preparations to keep the customer. He 
should have confidence in himself, be a man. inform his 
customer that in the drug business prices, under most cir- 
cumstances, should be the last to be considered. Quality, 
accuracy, neatness and dispatch, and then price, to corre- 
spond with what he gives the customer, then he will have 
no fear of ever losing a customer to the cheap man. 

The higher the standard of State Board examinations 
and college education before being deemed capable of 
coming before the Examining Board, should be favored by 
all. 

Should it be necessary to double the amount of fees and 
to have certificates renewed yearly, or every two. three or 
five years, and to have the certificate displayed in a con- 
spicuous place, do it, and do it as willingly, too, as if you 
were compounding a prescription at 500 per cent, profit, or 
anything else that will help raise the druggist to the recog- 
nized rank of the professional man. 

The certificate to a majority of persons is in appear- 
ance as impressive as any conceivable attainment, and 
is necessary to keep many unscrupulous people out of the 
business. Then why should the honest man and legitimate 
druggist desire to keep his qualifications under cover and 
in violation of the law? No, is what we should say, and 
say It with a vengeance. 

I can not see a plausible reason why any druggist 
should plead ignorance of the law requiring the certifi- 
cate or renewal of registration to be displayed in a con- 



January 17, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



6t 



spicuous place. If he can it is on account of either neglect 
or carelessness, as too many allow envelopes unsealed to 
go Into the waste basket before they carefully 
examine their contents. This is a grave mistake. 
It pays many times over by the knowledge gained 
from just such communications. If the druggist 
failed from mere carelessness to have his cer- 
tificate, or renewal, or both, displayed, he should be 
glad to pay a small sum for his carelessness when no one 
but himself was the victim of his carelessness, because 
it must follow if a man is careless in one thing naturally 
he Is more than likely to be in other things. And if he 
violates a law, as many did, he should consider it a very 
profitable expenditure by having his gross carelessness, 
negligence or ignorance (none of which are acceptable as 
excuses in law) brought to his notice, as well as to others, 
'before damage or injury of any character was done the 
confiding publ'c. And how absurd for any one enjoying 
the intelligence that I consider all druggists should have, 
to expect for one moment (in the name of justice for him- 
self or the community at large) any member of the P. A. 
R. D. to sanction the resolution referred to in the letter 
from Justice. (Not as he presents it in the letter but as 
presented in the resolution before the P. A. R. D.) Justice 
is justice: why not then give the true facts that justice 
may be done? The resolution that was so overwhelmingly 
defeated was. in substance:, that we condemn the action 
of the Pennsylvania State Pharmaceutical Examining 
Board, in their recent prosecution, although admitting we 
are morally and legally guilty, and that we appropriate a 
certain amount of money to appeal to a higher court and 
endeavor to prove that while we are morally guilty of 
violating the law we are not legally so. 

Can any fair minded, intelligent man wonder at its 
defeat? Not even the lowest law-breaker would publicly 
state that he condemned the State for punishins the 
criminal. 

We, as citizens, must commend the enforcement of any 
and all laws so long as they are on the statute books. If 
they are obnoxious to the majority there is a remedy. 

The druggist is down far enough without endeavoring to 
degrade himself by saying I am both morally and legally 
guilty, but if I can in any way make it appear I am not 
legally guilty I wish to do so. So long as he endeavors to 
condemn instead of commend the authoritits for enforcing 
the laws of the country, just so long will he remain as he 
now stands in the eye of the public or go down instead of 
advancing. 

Let all engaged in the retail drug business be men, 
stand firm, it caught napping, kick ourselves, not at 
others, and don't get caught napping again. Join the P. 
A. R. D., as in union there is strength, discard all personal 
and petty grievances. If you have a grievance state your 
remedy when you name the grievance. Use judgment. If 
you wish to tight don't get out of the P. A. R. D.. stay 
right there and fight, and if your ideas are the proper ones 
you will win. as the majority are for right, and the ma- 
jority rules. 

Put active men into the P. A. R. D. as officers, not elect 
old ones year after year who average about two meetings 
a year in attendance. All work together for a common 
good, and I know full well the results that will be accom- 
plished this year under the guidance of our new presiding 
officer and newly organized 'Executive Committee and 
others, and by systematically working with ward chair- 
men will be of such magnitude as to more than balance 
any deficiency of the past. 

Hoping this may be published, and knowing well it will 
be read and then justice will go to whom is deserving, 
I am respectfully, 

W. •«'. CHALPANT, 
Chairman 26th Ward Committee. 



macy law, for the reason that a large number of our 
druggists have failed to comply with the provisions of 
the Act of ISOo, which authorizes the board to prosecute 
where druggists fail to expose their certificates and 
renewal receipts in a conspicuous place in their phar- 
macies. Many fail to display the certificate and renewal, 
both, others fail to display one or the other, others, agalni 
expose the certificate in one store and the renewal receipt 
in another, hoping in this way to escape the engaging of a. 
registered man. In a number of cases where registered 
men have retired from business, their certificates have 
been rented to others not registered from ?'J5 to .$-10 per 
month. In one case that I know of two young men in 
Galeton (jewelers) who knew nothing about the drug, 
business at all, are conducting a drug store under the 
protection of a certificate of the former owner of that 
store, who had written across the face of that certificate 
the word "Transferred." In one case in Alientowiii 
our inspectors found a manager's certificate which had 
originally been issued to another person, having his 
name (the original name) erased with chemicals and 
another name (the former owner's name) inserted. Of 
course, none of these persons will expose their renewal 
receipts to public view. 

The board is acting upon the principle of safety to the- 
public; tlte people as well as the board should know by 
the certificate and tri-annual receipt that the drug store 
is properly equipped with registered men: indeed, it is 
the experience of the board that about three-fourths of 
the druggists are fully acquainted with every part of the- 
law and fully respect it. and it is our aim that all drug- 
gists in the State will do likewise. Immediately after the 
passage of the Act of 1895 every druggist and assistant 
druggist in the State had a copy mailed to him or her, 
and since that time more than lO.CKXi copies of the entire 
law were circulated. Since the passage of that act every 
certificate calls attention to it. The inspection and 
prosecutions tor various violations of the pharmacy law- 
have been going on since -August 1 ot last year, the daily 
papers giving account of it, as well as all drug journals, 
and with all this a number ot these unfortunate men. 
still claim they never heard ot such a law and never 
knew that it was necessary to expose to view either one- 
or the other or both. I write thus fully upon this sub- 
ject, dear sir, that you may have some idea ot the w^ork. 
and difficulties the board meets with in what we believe- 
to be the board's duty. However, in all these prosecu- 
tions the board has been generous; whenever the attorney- 
of the board found there was reasonable excuse for the 
condition, the suits were withdrawn, and especially where- 
the parties promised to obey the law in the future. I 
have no doubt but that method will be followed out as 
far as possible. I am. 

Very Respectfully Yours, 

CHAS. T. GEORGE. 



Harrisburg. Pa., Jan. 10. 
To the Editor: 

Justice is usually embellished hy a female figure with 
eyes blindfolded in order that she may judge impartially: 
the "Justice" whose tirade against the Pennsylvania 
Pharmacy Board appeared in the last issue of the 
Era seems to be blinded with rage and prejudice. In 
reply permit me to say that the board has experienced 
considerable difficulty in tracing violators of the Phar- 



IS THIS A FRAUD? 

Pittsburg, Jan. 10. 
To the Editor: We have seen in your journal on severali 
occasions arlicles giving information concerning the 
numerous frauds being practiced on manufacturers of 
druggists' specialties and proprietary articles by un- 
scrupulous persons who order goods from these manu- 
facturers which they have no intention of paying for, 
and selling same for whatever they can get, etc. A3 
you are aware, these fake concerns have been operating 
in different sections of the country for some years, and we 
were the victims ot one of them in Cincinnati several 
years ago. We believe there is a concern of this kind 
operating in this city at the present time, and therefore 
submit the tacts to you," although we are unable at the 
present time to give actual proofs. This concern is 
operating here under a name closely resembling ours, 
i. e.. Iron' City Drug and Chemical Co. They have no- 
store or warehouse or any known place to store goods, 
but only desk room in tlie Builders' Exchange office. 
The only person that is known to be connected with the 
concern is a man by the name of Albert Granville, who 
has but recently come to Pittsburg, and who is said to 
have formerly resided in Wheeling, where he was con- 
nected with some medical company. The first information 
we had of this concern was when the R. R. Transfer 
company delivered a box at our place one day last week. 
It was marked Iron City Drug and Chemical Co. and was- 



62 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17, 1901. 



branded Comfort Powder and shippfl from Hartford. 
Conn. As we did not know anything about it we wrote 
to them asking what It meant. We afterwards received 
a letter from them saying they had received the order 
by mall and had looked In Bradstreefs Agency book and 
seeing the Iron City Chemical Co. had aatlsfactory rating, 
shipped the goods. This lot of goode we will. of course, 
return. A few days ago we received a bill from Messrs. 
Nelson, Bak.^r & Co., of Detroit, for Jive gross Witch 
Hazel Cream which we had not ordered. This lot of 
goods were not delivered to us and we presume the party 
ordering same received the goods, as some unknown per- 
son offered to sell a quantity of this preparation to Messrs. 
W. J. Gllmore & Co., of this city, yesterday afternoon at 
a reduction of f3 per gross from price on bill. Messrs. 
Geo. A. Kelly & Co. inform the writer that they have 
received a letter from Messrs. Nelson, Baker & Co. asking 
them to try to get possession of the goods as they had 
supposed they were shipping to our company, seeing us 
rated in agency books. Mr. Kelly says they have re- 
ceived a number of Inquiries from manufacturers asking 
about this concern, saying they had received orders, 
and two firms in Philadelphia wrote that they found the 
Iron City Chemical Co. of fair rating but were not sup- 
posed to be jobbers and they did not understand why 
they should buy such goods. This was their only reason 
for not shipping. They all seem to jump at the conclu- 
sion that it is our company when they receive the orders, 
and it looks to us that the closely resembling name was 
adopted for the purpose of getting goods on the strength 
of our standing. We have submitted these facts to the 
postmaster here and he has promised to turn same over 
to the inspector of malls, as the postal authorities have 
been instrumental in putting a stop to similar frauds in 
the past. We think that these transactions cannot help 
■but put us in bad repute where parties at a distance may 
not hear the ultimate outcome, and we also think it to 
the interest cf the entire drug trade of the country that 
such transactions be given publicity. This is about all 
the information we have en the matter at present, but 
something more may develop soon and we will be glad 
to keep you informed. 

Tours very truly. 

IRON CITY CHEMICAL CO. 

Levi Fahnestock, Treas. 



A QUESTION. 

Eckerty, Ind., Jan. 9. 
To the Editor: As I have been asked time and again 
by the N. A. R. D. for co-operation in the maintenance 
ot prices I wish to state through the columns of the 
Era that the small village pharmacists well know it 
"would be a great benefit to the profession throughout the 
United States though we plainly see we could do nothing 
for it as the law now stands. Before we can meet with 
success -we must h.ive a law to take all drugs and patents 
•In any form out of the hands ot those unregistered mer- 
chants who do not make pharmacy a profession, who do 
not realize an honest profit but merely keep and sell at 
cost to draw other trade. Perhaps some ot the larger 
•city pharmacists would throw this aside and say "The 
unregistered merchant is not allowed to fill prescriptions." 
We know he is not, but the law allows him to sell a large 
per cent, of the raw material such as camphor, gum, 
.sulphur, potash, salts, sulfate ot copper, sulfate ot iron, 
Paris green, gum asafetida. etc., etc., together with as 
tnany patents as he may desire, for which the pharma- 
cist has to make his prices correspond to the merchant's 
if he sells these goods. This way the merchant governs 
a large per cent, of the prices and the pharmacist must 
follow whether it meets -n-ith his approval or not. As 
•pharmacy is practiced the same throughout the United 
States, the N. A. R. D. must come to our aid and help 
us to get away from this merchant before we could use 
our Influence to any purpose. For since the law has al- 
lowed the unregistered merchant so much authority our 
profession has gone down, down, until it is now in that 
•narrow margin between the devil and the deep blue sea. 
It this does not find its way to the waste basket perhaps 
It win bring the National Association to the front, as you 
well know we can do nothing as the law now stands. 
Very truly, 

SYLVESTER L. BROWN, Jr. 



ARGON AND ITS COMPANIONS. 

On November 10 a paper was read before the Royal 
Society by Prof. William Kamsay and Dr. Morris W. 
Travers on "Argon and Its Companions." which was a 
continuation of the previous papers of the same authoirs 
on the inert gases of the atmosphere. In the early 
summer ot ISaS the discovery of neon and krypton was 
announced, and later a heavier atmospheric gas was 
found, 'to which the name xenon was given. At that 
time krypton and xenon were not obtained In a condition 
pure enough for the investigation of their physical 
constants. 

The present paper deals chiefly with these three gases, 
which have been isolated and studied. By the evapora- 
tion of a large amount of liquid air a mixture of argon, 
krypton and xenon was obtained, the former largely pre- 
dominating. This mixture was liquefied by liquid air 
and the three separated by fractional distillation, many 
times repeated. At the temperature of boiling air krypton 
has considerable vapor^tension, while that of xenon is 
scarcely appreciable. Neon was isolated from the first 
portion of gas escaping from boiling air. This consisted 
chiefly of nitrogen, which was then liquefied and a part 
of the liquid evaporated by passing through it a current 
of air. This gas, after the removal of the oxygen by 
hot copper, contained most ot the helium and neon present 
in the air. After purification from nitrogen in the usual 
manner, the helium and neon were separated from the 
argon present by fractional distillation. To separate 
these gases was very dlHicult, but was finally accom- 
plished by condensing the neon by means of boiling 
hydrogen. In this way pure neon was obtained. 

A determination ot the ratio of the specific heats 
ot these gases showed that they are all monatomic. A 
number ot the physical properties of these gases were 
determined, which are given in the following table: 

Helium. Neon. Argon. Krypton. Xenon. 
Kefractivities (.\ir 1).0.1238 0.2345 0.968 l.^i49 2.3&4 
Densities of gases 

(0=16) 1.98 9.07 19.96 40.88 &4 

Boiling points at 

760 m m ? ? 86.9' 121.33° 163.9° 

abs. abs. abs. 

Critical temperatures. Below 155.6° 210.5° 287.7° 

? 68° abs. abs. abs. abs. 

Critical pressures 40.2 41.24 43.5 

? ? m. m. meters. 

Vapor pressure ratio. ? ? 0.0350 0.0467 0.0675 

Weight of 1 c.s. of 1.212 2.155 3.52 

liquid ? ? gms. gms. gms. 

Molecular volume ? ? 32.92 37.84 36.40 

In the vacuum tube neon is extremely brilliant and of 
an orange-pink hue. and is characterized by a multitude 
of intense orange and yellow lines; krypton is pale violet, 
and xenon is sky-blue. 

The five elements clearly form a series in the periodic 
table, between the seventh and the first groups, that is. 
as a transition from the most negative to the most posi- 
tive group. This is of the greatest interest, since in 
two recently published papers, Ladenburg has given the 
atomic weight of krypton as about 59, placing the element 
between nickel and copper. It could thus find no place 
in the periodic table, as it is now understood. On the 
other hand, as determined by Ramsay and Travers, the 
elements find a natural place in the eighth group, as a 
transition from the negative series of the seventh group 
to the positive series ot the first group. — (Abs. in Science.) 



Stomachic Poiraer, 

Prof. Pel, of Amsterdam, has found the following pre- 
scription to be of great value in hyperacidity ot the 
stomach: 

Sodii bicarbonatis 3iv. 

Magnesiae calcinatEe 3iij. 

Sodii bromidi 3iv. 

Bismuthi carbonatis 3ij. 

Sacchari lactis 3iv. 

Olei toeniculi mv. 

Misce bene. 

Dose: Half a teaspoonful three times a day one or 
two hours after meals. 

The sodium bromide in this is what distinguishes It 
from most English stomachic powders, also the absence 
ot carminatives such as cinnamon and ginger, which are 
frequently hurtful tn acidity. — (Ch. and Dr.). 



January 17, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



6S 



ADULTERATIONS OF ESSENTIAL OILS. 



By Dr GEO. R. PANCOAST and LYMAN F. KEELER. 



In early times technic.ll equipments for the production 
of volatile oils were very incomplete and various expe- 
dients were necessarily resorted to for the purpose of 
extracting the many odorous principles from the host of 
plant tissues: fatty products, turpentine and alcohol 
were frequently employed for this purpose, and conse- 
quently there was a certain justification formerly for the 
presence of some of these solvents in certain essential 
oils. But modern methods render the use of these for- 
eign substances entirely unnecessary and they must be 
looked upon as adulterations pure and simple. 

Adulteration is chiefly resorted to on the one hand 
because of its profitableness, and on the other hand be- 
cause of the ignorance of the consumer and his desire 
to purchase as cheaply as possible. The latter fre- 
quently does not seem to care for quality, but wants 
quantity. It is often due to this that an honest producer 
may be induced to offer spurious goods, because he can- 
not get reasonable prices, while his competitor is able to 
dispose of large quantities of adulterated oils. It must 
not be forgotten that formerly the adulterator could ply 
his art fearlessly without much danger of exposure, and 
this probably emboldened him. To-day he is compelled 
to act a little more cautiously owing to the developments 
of the chemistry of terpenes and their derivatives, as well 
as a more or less complete knowledge of the composi- 
tion of a number of the volatile oils. The "Black Art" 
of volatile oils is passing away. 

The writers are fully convinced that the large distillers 
and reputable wholesalers are not responsible for some 
of the adulterated oils met with, even though they pass 
through their hands. They are generally beyond their 
control, as will be seen by some of the subsequent re- 
marks. 

The guileless farmer or peasant who constructs a 
crude still and collects oils by his primitive methods 
(besides the impurities to be expected from this source) 
frequently adds a goodly proportion of a cheaper oil or 
synthetic sent to him by a friend in the wicked city. 
Synthetic oil of wintergreen is said to be largely used 
in this manner, and the resulting product sold for true 
oil of wintergreen. 

The Turkish peasant in like manner and for similar 
reasons adds geranium oil to his rose leaves before he 
begins his distillation of pure otto of rose. Even John 
Chinaman, forced to keep "open door," manages to return 
the "foreign devils" coal oil by conscientiously "plugging" 
some of the essential oils which he sells, especially oils 
of anise and cassia. And the warm-blooded Sicilian, in 
response to an increasing demand for his goods, rejuven- 
ates a worn-out or poor quality oil by adding the neces- 
sary constituents taken from a cheaper source; for ex- 
ample, oil of lemon is fortified with citral obtained from 
oil of lemongrass. and oil of bergamot is "pieced out" 
with lemon and orange oils. 

Then some of the primitive distillers themselves, and 
possibly some of the middlemen or the jobbers, try their 
hands at improving nature. This is practiced in some 
Instances to such an extent that the farther the oil 
travels, and the larger the number of hands it passes 
through, the more it adds unto itself, until finally, in 
some instances, at least, it is not recognized by its 
friends. Some of these adulterations may be due to 
ignorance, carelessness or accident, but many, very 
many, are due to design, and unless there is some im- 
provement in this respect, we may be prepared to hear 
in the near future of some one liberally supplying him- 
self with synthetics, esters, aldehydes, alcohol, oil of 
copaiba and plenty of French turpentine, then opening 
up an office with the sign "Essential Oils Made to Order 
While Vou Wait." 

Essential oils are frequently met with that are un- 
naturally low in their characteristic constituent, so much 
so that, being otherwise satisfactory, only one conclu- 
sion can be drawn, viz., that they have been robbed or 
looted; for example, de-mentholized peppermint oil; oil 
of cloves, minus a large part of its eugenol; caraway, 
deprived of some of its carvone; and oil of lemon, ab- 
normally low in its citral. We shall hereafter for 
brevity's sake call this class of oils "looted oils." By 

•Amer. Jour. Pharm. 



such tactics a double profit Is made by the manipulator. 
The consumer in these cases makes two purchases where 
he should make but one and save money by so doing; 
as for instance, he buys eucalyptol and a cheap oil of 
eucalyptus; then, in order to make the oil answer the 
proper requirements, it is necessary for him to use the 
eucalyptol to strengthen his inferior oil of eucalyptus. 

Another matter not generally known is that certain 
manufacturers claim that some atisolutely pure oils 
need to be modified so as to conform to some arbitrary 
standard; for example, one very prominent and reliable 
house lists oil of pimento at $2.10 per pound, but oil 
of pimento said to be made to meet the requirements 
of the U. S. P. is offered at $1.60. The same criticism 
is applied to the U. S. P. requirements for oils of bay and 
coriander. 

Among the favorite articles used as adulterants and to 
be looked for are cheaper essential oils Uurpentine, co- 
paiba, cedarwood and gurjun balsam), alcohol and fixed 
and mineral oils. 

PRELIMINARY TESTS. 

(1) Physical appearance. 

(2) A common method and a very useful one is that 
of exposing a drop or two of the oil on white glazed 
paper, and from time to time observing the odor. By 
this means alone, in many cases, a cheap oil can be de- 
tected, especially turpentine. Lemon and orange require 
from twelve to fifteen minutes; bergamot, two to four 
hours; lavender, twelve to fifteen hours; cloves, twenty- 
five hours; and sandal-wood, two days, for comparison. 
Fixed oils leave a permanent greasy stain. Results by 
the above procedure give only indications, which must 
be verified by established methods. 

Alcohol.— Several tests can be applied to give indi- 
cations of the presence or absence of alcohol. Oils free 
from alcohol (acetone or purified wood alcohol), when 
dropped into water, remain transparent, but the pres- 
ence of alcohol causes the globules to become opaque 
or milky. When a considerable amount is present, it 
may be approximately estimated by placing a given 
volume of the oil into a graduated cylinder, adding an 
equal volume of water, agitating well, and then setting 
aside until complete separation results. If there is any 
appreciable diminution in the volume of oil, alcohol (ace- 
tone, acetic ether or purified wood alcohol) is present. 
The diminution of volume is generally proportional to 
the amount of adulterant. Glycerin can be used in place 
of water. 

In order to positively establish the presence of any 
of the above, fractional distillation may be resorted to 
and the substance finally identified by means of the iodo- 
form reaction, boiling point, etc. 

CHEAPER ESSENTIAL OILS. 

Turpentine generally introduces abnormalities, lower 
specific gravity, diminished solubility, lower boiling tem- 
peratures and disturbed optical rotation. The latter 
can easily be remedied by mixing the proper proportions 
of dextrogyrate and Isevogyrate turpentines. Before a 
positive opinion can be given relative to the presence 
of added turpentine, in many cases a careful comparison 
must be made and the characteristic derivatives of pinene 
isolated. 

Cedarwood, copaiba and gurjun balsam oils are gener- 
ally indicated by their lesser solubilities, higher specific 
gravities and optical rotations, but the two latter can 
readily be adjusted by the proper kind and amount of 
turpentine. 

Mineral oils (petroleum, kerosene, etc.) are generally 
revealed by their insolubility and indifference to the 
action of strong acids and alkalies. They may be vari- 
ously isolated, by their insolubilities, polymerizing the 
oil with concentrated sulphuric acid and then distilling 
the mixture with aqueous vapor, or by oxidizing with 
fuming nitric acid and then removing the oxid'zed portion 
with hot water, thus leaving the unaffected petroleum 
behind. 
DETERMINATION OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES. 

The specific gravity is one of the best known proper- 
ties of oils and is the one generally applied because It is 
readily determined. The specific gravity is a very irn- 



64 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17, 1901. 



portant factor, but is readily tampered with, consequently 
very careful deductions based on It must be made. 

Solubility.— Very definite and satisfactory data have 
been established for many oils relative to their solu- 
bility; so much so that this physical property Is prob- 
ably more reliable than any other single one. The com- 
mon adulterants are generally revealed by the applica- 
tion of this test. The volatile oils are quite readily 
.soluble In alcohol, ether, acetone, acetic ether, glacial 
.acetic acid, carbon disulphlde, chloroform, benzol, petro- 
ileum ether and paraflln oil. 

The optical rotation is exceedingly valualsle. frequently 
iberng the only means by which the purity of an oil can 
be arrived at, and should never be omitted. 

Fractional distillation is usually resorted to in cases 
of admixture. 

The congealing point is especially useful and necessary 
with anise oils. 

•QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATION OF CONSTITUENTS. 

Before an oil can be submitted to a chemical examina- 
tion, it Is necessary to know at least its chief constitu- 
ents, and then the methods must be so adjusted that 
these constituents can be estimated quantitatively with 
a. considerable degree of accuracy. Such methods have 
been elaborated only within recent times, and are based 
on well-known organic reactions. 

The oldest and probably the most useful is the method 
■of ester determination or saponification. It was origin- 
ally applied to essential oils as we now apply it to fixed 
oils, and is based on the fact that fixed alkalies resolve 
the esters into their respective alcohols and acids, the 
alkalies combining quantitatively with the latter. Then, 
knowing the ester in a given oil. the amount can readily 
be calculated by the quantity of alkali consumed by a 
given weight of oil. The linalyl acetate of lavender and 
bergamot oils is readily estimated by this process. 

Aldehydes. — In the case of aldehyde-bearing oils, as 
cassia, the property of sodium bisulphite forming a 
compound soluble in water, containing an excess of 
sodium bisulphite, is utilized. This process is of much 
practical value with oil of cassia, and the oil is now 
generally purchased on the basis of aldehyde content. 

Acetylization. — Many of the oils contain alcohols as es- 
sential constituents. These can mostly be estimated by 
converting them into acetic esters, by means of acetic 
anhydride, removing water-soluble products by washing 
with water, then dehydrating the residue by means of 
fused sodium sulphate and estimating the amount of 
acetyl group contained in a given weight of the acetyl- 
Ized oil. 

PHENOL DETERMINATION. 

It is the custom in France to rectify oil of thyme with 
'Considerable quantities of turpentine oil. The original 
cause of this procedure is probably due to the fact that 
the consumer requests a colorless oil, and oil of thyme 
■ contains a goodly per cent, of phenol bodies, which cause 
the freshly distilled oil to develop a coloration in a short 
time. The smaller the amount of phenol, the longer the 
.oil will remain colorless. Careful analyses of this oil 
show that a pure product contains about 25 per cent. 
of phenols, and these can be approximately estimated 
by treating a giver, volume of the oil with a 5 per cent, 
solution of sodium hydroxide, in a burette, and noting 
the diminution of volume of the oil. The alkaline solu- 
tion forms soluble compounds with the phenols. 

The following comprises a list of oils and the impuri- 
ties found in them, by various observers, as well as the 
writers: 

Almonds, bitter, true.— There are no objections, so 
far as the writers know, to the preparation of a so-called 
oil of bitter almonds made from apricot or peach ker- 
nels, but it ought not to be offered as the genuine article. 
The true oil is often adulterated with alcohol, nitroben- 
zol, turpentine and benzaldehyde, the latter sometimes 
In toto. 

Aniseed, spermaceti up to 35 per cent., alcohol as 
much as SO per cent., kerosene, wax. oils of fennel, cedar, 
copaiba, camphor, turpentine, fennel stearoptene and oil 
of caraway, obtained from both the seed and the chaff. 

Angelica, copaiba. 

Amiber. crude, resin mixed with coal oil and turpentine. 
It is rumored that crude petroleum is frequently supplied 
for this article. 

Amber, rectified, resin oil, turpentine and kerosene. 
Note remarks made under amber, crude. 

Bay, cloves, pimento, turpentine and oils containing 
phenols. It has also been adulterated with redistilled 
xiil of cinnamon leaf, with a slight admixture of redis- 



tilled oil of lemongress. Such an article has been pro- 
nounced by those of little experience superior to the pure 
product, appearing sweeter, more aromatic and not as 
heavy in odor as a pure oil. 

Birch, methyl salicylate, and there Is no absolute 
method to detect it. 

Bergamot, lemon, orange, French turpentine, llnaloe, 
fatty oils. 

Cajeput; this is often looted. A mixture of rosemary 
or savin with camphor and resin of milfoil Is often sub- 
stituted. Oils of camphor and turpentine must be looked 
for. 

Cajeput, Formosa, said to be a mixture of cajeput and 
oil of camphor. 

Camphor, benzine, coal oil, turpentine, one case 25 
per cent. 

Canada snakeroot, copaiba. 

Cananga, cocoa nut oil. 

Cassia, coal oil, fatty oils, resin (one case 18 per cent.), 
oil gurjun balsam, cloves, cinnamon leaf, cedarwood. A 
'H> per cent, aldehyde containing oil of cassia reduced 
to a 70 per cent, strength oil, by the addition of enough 
coal oil. A large profit in coal oil. 

Caraway seed, often a looted oil; turpentine, oil of 
caraway chaff and added limonen. The term "twice 
rectified" for ihis article is rather misleading, as each 
rectification reduces the percentage of carvol. The single 
ciistillatiijn of Dutch caraway seed produces a superior 
oil and of much grsater strength than the so-called 
"twice rectified." 

Cedrat, a mixture of orange and bergamot. 

Cedar, hemlock, spruce, turpentine, oil of camphor. 

Cedar leaf, cedarwood, thuja. 

Celery seed, celery leaf, turpentine. 

Chamomile, cedar, copaiba, turpentine, milfoil, lemon. 
The manufacturer sometimes distils lemon or turpen- 
tine over his chamomile flowers. 

Cinnamon, cloves, cassia. 

Citronella. Japanese oil of camphor, the light variety. 
"This article was preferred by some, as it had a sweeter 
odor. Fatty oils, oil of gurjun, coal oil, cocoa nut oil. 
A controversy occurred in England as to whether a mix- 
ture of citronella 35 per cent., lemon 10 per cent, and coal 
oil 55 per cent, could pass as citronella oil. 

Coriander, orange, cubebs, cedar, turpentine. Oil of 
orange distilled with coriander. 

Copaiba, oil gurjun balsam. 

Cloves, clove stems, fatty oils, copaiba, pimento, coal 
oil, turpentine and carbolic acid. A looted oil is some- 
times met with. 

Cubebs. copaiba. 

Curacoa, orange, bitter orange and bergamot. 

Dill, caraway chaff oil, mace, turpentine. 

Eucalyptus, looted oil, cheaper grades of eucalyptus. 
Turpentine is said to smooth a rough oil. 

Fennel seed, looted oil, fennel chaff, alcohol, oils con- 
taining phenols. 

Geranium, gingergrass, rectified citronella, fatty oils. 

Geranium, Turkish, fixed oils, turpentine, coal oil. 

Gingergrass oil. mineral oil and turpentine. 

Hemlock, spruce, turpentine. 

Juniper wood, turpentine. 

Lavender, garden, spike, oil of camphor, turpentine. 

Lavender flowers, turpentine, alcohol. A poor oil Is 
sometimes found "plugged" with ester. According to 
Schimmel, the test for solubility, one part to three of 
70 per cent, alcohol, does not prove or disprove the pres- 
ence of turpentine. The method of distillation is respon- 
sible in the majority of cases for the variations in specific 
gravity, optical rotation and solubility. 

Lemon, poor lemon oil, with citral from lemongrass 
added, poor or old orange oil, turpentine. When testing 
on paper, use a piece of fresh lemon peel for comparison. 

Lemongrass. fixed oils. 

Limes, expressed, lemon. 

Melissa, lemon, citronella or lemongrass distilled over 
melissa leaves. Mixtures of lemon and citronella or 
lemongrass. 

Matico, alcohol, turpentine. 

Mace, distilled, poor quality nutmeg oil. 

Neroli. petit-grain, with a little bergamot. improves 
the quality of a poor oil. Lemon or orange increases 
optical rotation. Petit-grain or linaloe decreases optical 
rotation. 

Orange, alcohol, turpent'ne. When testing on paper, 
use orange peel for comparison. 

Origanum, a mixture of thyme, oil of camphor, tur- 
pentine and coloring matter; crude oil of sassafras, recti- 
fied resin oil. Barbadoes tar. crude petroleum. 

Palmarosa. cocoa nut oil. petroleum. 



Jainiarv 17, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



6S 



Patchouli, cedarwood, cubebs. turpentine, coal oil. 

PtpiHi-miiit. ml.xture (peppermint, glycerin, alcohol 
and turpentine) copaiba, erlgeron, turpentine, castor oil, 
pennyroyal, alcohol, glycerin, oil of camphor, sassafras, 
looted oil. 

Pennyroyal, de-mentholized mint, turpentine, alcohol, 
residue from peppermint distillation. 

Petit-grain, turpentine. 

Pimento, cloves, carbolic acid. 

Pine-needle oil, turpentine. Much contusion exists in 
these oils, due partly to the nomenclature of the coniferse. 

Pinus Sylvestris. Scotch oil of fir, coal oil, turpentine. 
Very little genuine is to be had. 

jiose.— The leaves of rosa alba added to the Bulgarian 
rose, as the oil from this mixture contains more stearop- 
tene, so that the distiller is able to add more geranium 
oil without reducing the melting point below the mini- 
mum. Indian geranium or ginger-grass, palmarosa, true 
oil of rhodium, light paraffin oils, fixed oils, guaiac wood 
oil, alcohol, spermaceti, paraffin. This is the record 
breaker for number of adulterations. 

Rhodium, a mixture of rose and copaiba. 

Rosemary, camphor and lavender, turpentine, spike 
oil, petroleum oil. alcohol, rectified camphor oil. 

Rue. turpentine, coal oil. 

Sandal, "German," mixture of sandal-English and 
copaiba. 

Sandal, "East Indian" or "English." castor oil. co- 
paiba, fatty oils, cedarwood, oil of gurjun. West India 
sandals. Chloroform and alcohol were found in one 
sample that is said to have answered the U. S. P. re- 
quirements. This oil should be from one to two years 
oil, as ageing considerably improves the fineness of the 
aroma. The V. S. P. requires a specific gravity 0.970 to 
0.978. Ten O'bseivers, including Schimmel. Umney. Parry, 
Bush and Squires, average 0.971 to 0.979. Optical rota- 
tion, — 12° to — 20°; santalol. from 86 to 98 per cent. 

A sate average for a good oil would be. optical rota- 
tion, from — 17° to — 19°: specific gravity, 0.975 at 
15° C; and santalol at least 90 per cent. A lot of oil made 
by a certain firm had a specific gravity of 0.9767; optical 
rotation, — 17.5'; contained 97.16 per cent, of santalol, 
and was freely soluble in five volumes of 70 per cent, 
alcohol. 



Savin, juniper, turpentine. Mr. Dohme found 80 per 
cent, of turpentine in one sample. 

Sassafras, safrol, coal oil, oil of camphor. 

Spearmint, turpentine. 

Spruce, turpentine. 

Tansy, spruce, turpentine. 

Thuja, cedar, pine leaf, turpentine. 

Th.vme. camphor, turpentine. A recent examination 
showed that a pure article cart be obtained, but generally 
it runs very low in phenol content. \ 

Verbena, lemongrass. 

Vetivert, fixed oils. 

Wine, light oil, fusel oil and the distillate obtained 
from the residue left in the manufacture of ether. 

Wormwood, turpentine. Residue from the distillation 
of oil ot tansy. A mixture was once sold as oil of worm- 
wood which cost about 65 cents per pound to make. It 
consisted of oils of cedar, spruce, amber, tansy refuse, 
alcohol and turpentine. One of the authors had a sample 
of this unique compound shown him. Even a hasty 
examination should have disclosed most of the ingre- 
dients. 

Wintergreen, true.— There is practically little ot this 
oil to be had. Birch, pure methyl salicylate and mix- 
tures of the two are often sold for it. When it was a 
common commercial article, Japanese oil of camphor, 
other light oils, coal oil, sassafras and chloroform were 
the chief adulterants. There appears to be no satis- 
factory test to identify an admixture of methyl salicylate 
and birch except optical rotation and this observation 
must be made with extreme care. 

Ylang Ylang (Flower of Flowers), kananga, tatty oils, 
synthetic oil. 

In conclusion, the writers would state that they make 
little claim tor originality. This paper contains the re- 
sults ot some years of observation and information sup- 
plied by friends. Existing literature was largely drawn 
upon, chief among which were "Die Aelherische Oele," 
von E. Gildermelster und Fr. Hoffmann; the English 
translation of this by Edward Kremers; "The Chemistry 
of Essential Oils and Artificial Perfumes," by Ernest J. 
Parry; "Odorographia," by J. Ch. Sawer, and the "Semi- 
Annual Reports of Schimmel & Co. 



SHOP NOTES AND DISPENSING HINTS/ 



By W. a. DAWSON 



The making ot suppositories is one ot the most trouble- 
some magistral operations that pharmacists are called 
upon to undertake, and their preparation is approached 
by most dispensers with the air of a man about to nego- 
tiate a difficult proposition. 

The average prescription calls for a small quantity, six 
to a dozen, perhaps, and on this account the cold process- 
triturating, massing and forming with the fingers— is to 
be preferred to molding, as it is much more expeditious. 

In molding suppositories, it is more difficult to get good 
results, and there is always the risk ot accident on remov- 
ing them from the molds, which would necessitate the 
repetition of the operation. The medicaments prescribed 
are nearly always insoluble in cacao butter, and therefore 
are liable to be unevenly distributed through the mass, or 
if the distribution is succgssful the medicament may settle 
In the point ot the suppository while cooling and make an 
unevenly colored and unsightly preparation. Where this 
Is the case, aside from their unsightliness, they may prove 
irritating to the patient, owing to the concentration of the 
medicine in the point, and thus defeat the purpose for 
which they were prescribed. 

The compressing machines, by which suppositories are 
molded by pressure, are likewise unsuitable tor small 
quantities on account ot the waste, whereby the medica- 
tion of each suppository falls short ot the quantity pre- 
scribed, there being nearly as much waste in a batch of 
half a dozen as in a batch of a hundred. This waste com- 
prises that part ot the mass that sticks to and is left 
around the sdes of the plunger, an important quantity In 
a small batch. 



•Read at the recent meeting of the New York State 
Pharmaceutical Association. 



Then, too, there is the impossibility of exactly calcu- 
lating the quantity ot cacao butter to use when the medi- 
cation is tannin, bismuth or some other Ingredient that is 
used in comparatively large proportion. All things con- 
sidered, the cold process is preferable for prescription 
work, both as to time saving and efficiency ot the finished 
product. 

The cacao butter should be finely grated and mixed 
with 5 per cent, ot corn starch by lightly shaking the two 
together in the glass-stoppered jar in which they are kept 
on the prescription case. The corn starch prevents the 
particles ot cacao butter from massing together in the 
container and allows ot trituration without massing in use- 
In making the suppositories the cacao butter and medi- 
cament should be lightly triturated together in a pill 
mortar until thoroughly mixed, care being taken to use 
as little pressure as possible, so that the mass remain 
pulverulent until triturating is complete. 

Then with a little lanolin the mass may be formed ex- 
actly as a pill mass is. the mass rolled out and divided on 
a five-grain pill machine, the cutter being pressed down 
about half way through the mass. 

The grooves of the pill machine thus form the sup- 
positories, as to length and diameter, and it is only neces- 
sary to point the end. flatten the base and eradicate the 
mark of the fracture where the suppositories were broken 
apart by rolling with a spatula. A dozen suppositories 
may thus be made in fifteen to twenty minutes. As work- 
ing up and beating cacao butter slightly raises its melting 
point, it is quite admissible to use lanolin for massing. 

In cases where it is nece."!sary to use some wax in a 
mass, on account of warm weather or the presence of 
deliquescent salts like chloral hydrate, this may be done 



66 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17, 1901 



by melting togcthi-r ten parts of white wax and ninety 
parts of cacao butter, and when cold grating the mixture 
up fine. The melting point of this mixture and also of the 
plain cacao butter used should be carefully ascertained 
and marked on the container of each. By combining the 
two at the time of using In proper proportion any desired 
melting point between their respective figures may be 
obtained, or any proportion of wax. from one to ten per 
cent., may be thus introduced into the mass. Corn starch 
should be used for dusting suppositories, never lyco- 
podlum; the latter has been found to be Irritating to 
mucous surfaces. 

After trying numerous cold-cream formulas, the 
formula of the Pharmacopceia has proved the best as a 
toilet preparation. Some criticism has been made of the 
presence of borax in it on account of the incompatibility 
of that salt with some others when the ointment is used 
as a vehicle, but as a toilet preparation it is well nigh 
perfect and unexcelled by any cold-cream that I have yet 
seen: the borax making a finer and whiter emulsion than 
would be possible if it were left out. It also retards ran- 
cidity; and the ointment keeps the better for its presence. 

When the cream is to be sold as a toilet article its per- 
fume may be enhanced by the addition of one or two 
grammes of oil of rose to each kilo of ointment, or the 
perfume may be changed to violet or any other odor by 
using about thirty cubic centimeters of extract of violet, 
or other extracts, to each kilo; the rose water being re- 
placed by distilled water, and the extract added after the 
ointment has become cold, but before it "sets." 

In potting it a piece of waxed paper, cut to fit, should 
be laid closely over the cream before the cover is put on. 
so as to retard drying out and consequent unsalability. 
No greater quantity than will be sold in a month or two 
should be put up at a time, on this account, and the shop 
container should be an air-tight vessel for the same 
reason. 

The soft ointments containing no water that are some- 
times sold as cold-cream, are in no sense "creams" at all, 
as the name can only be properly applied to an emulsion 
of ointment with water. Such ointments are entirely 
lacking in the prime requisites of cold-cream, its cooling, 
soothing and quickly absorptive properties. Petrolatum 
and mineral oils are unsuitable for use in cold-creams on 
account of their unabsorbability. 

The compound syrup of hypophosphites of the National 
Formulary is a most unsatisfactory preparation owing to 
its proneness to decomposition. The principal disturbing 
element in it seems to be the ferric hypophosphite, and if 
this be replaced by the ferrous salt the preparation is 
much more stable. The proper quantity of the ferrous 
hypophosphite for a pint of syrup may be obtained by dis- 
solving separately in small quantities of water, twenty- 
five grains of calcium hypophosphite and forty-eight 
grains of ferrous sulphate, mixing the two solutions and 
freeing the resulting solution from the precipitated cal- 
cium sulphate by filtration. This solution may replace an 
equal quantity of the water prescribed in the formula. 
The syrup should be protected from the light. 

It is a curious fact that, notwithstanding the vast 
amount of information that has been published concerning 
syrup of ferrous iodide, there exists so much confusion as 
to the proper method of preserving this preparation. If 
the syrup be kept in a place having free access to full 
sunlight, it keeps perfectly for any length of time. I have 
kept it thus for more than a year in partially filled, loosely 
stoppered flint-glass bottles in a sunny window. 

In answer to a note on this subject that I wrote 
last year, M. C. Biihrer, the editor of the Swiss 
Journal of Chemistry and Pharmacy, of Clarens- 
Montreaux, Switzerland, wrote me that "two conditions 
are necessary only to get an indefinitely good preparation: 
first, chemical reaction between the iodine and iron must 
be well conducted and complete; and, second, the syrup 
must be acid. When the syrup is made, add one-thous- 
andth part of citric acid dissolved in a little water and 
mix with the finished syrup. The syrup will then keep for 
any length of time in the light or dark." Keeping the 
syrup in the sunlight has proven so entirel.v satisfactory 
■with me that I have never tried Biihrer's method, and pre- 
sent it without comment. 

The syrup of yerba santa of the National Formulary is 
a most excellent vehicle for administering quinine, and 
pharmacists will find it profitable to call the attention of 



such physicians as are not acquainted with It, to Its power 
of masking the bitterness of this salt. Physicians are 
always glad to know of a preparation that will enable 
them to prescribe quinine In mixture, and a four-ounce 
bottle of quinine and syrup of yerba santa, two grains of 
quinine to the drachm, presented to them as a sample, will 
bring you many prescriptions for this mixture. In admin- 
istering it, the bottle should be well shaken, and a spoon- 
ful of the medlcne should be taken, clear, and washed 
down with a swallow or two of water. 

A fault of the syrup is that it is opaque and muddy 
looking. A more sightly syrup may be obtained by adding 
the whole of quantity of water used to the alkaline fluid 
extract mixture and filtering with the aid of precipitated 
calcium phosphate, and then dissolving the sugar by per- 
colation. The result is a nearly clear, slightly opalescent 
red-brown syrup. 

During the hot and humid summer months care should 
be used to properly protect from atmospheric moisture 
such prescriptions as contain ingredients more or less 
hygroscopic. Waxed powder papers in duplicate sizes of 
the regular powder papers should be at hand to dispense 
powders containing pepsin, pancreatin. diastase, lacto- 
peptine. peptenzyme. and all drugs of animal origin as 
well as deliquescent salts, such as iodides, bromides and 
some of the chlorides. Many things that are not usually 
considered as "hygroscopic" will cake up and stain pow- 
der papers during periods of excessive humidity, and 
waxed papers should be used freely. Phys'cians and pa- 
tients appreciate such evidence of care and thoughtfulness 
on the pharmacist's part, and his reputation for thorough- 
ness is enhanced by attention to these details. 

Gelatine coated pills, capsules and most tablets should 
be dispensed in "Homo Vials." In fact, vials are much 
more elegant for dispensing pills, capsules and tablets at 
all times than the paper pill box usually used. 

Soft ointments that are liable to become nearly fluid In 
hot weather should be dispensed in wide-mouth bottles or 
collapsible tubes. The latter make a very elegant pack- 
age, and ointments keep much better in them, as the air 
is excluded to a large degree. Suppository boxes should 
be marked "Keep in a cool place." Such mixtures as are 
liable to spoil quickly should be similarly marked. 

Much time and bother may be saved by having written 
in a small memorandum book, which is kept hanging on 
the prescription case, ready to hand, all the formulas of 
the Pharmacopoeia and National Formulary for prepara- 
tions that must be made extemporaneously, such as 
Basham's Mixture,, Liq. Plumbl et Opil, Llq. PotassU 
Citratis. Infusion Digitalis, and the like. The formulas 
should be figured down in such quantities as are usually 
prescribed of each preparation, two. four or eight ounces, 
as the case may be, or in Pharmacopceial preparations to 
60, 120 or 240 cubic centimeters. 

Chalk mixture should invariably be made freshly for 
each call, and the conta'ner for the compound chalk pow- 
der should bear a label giving the formula for the mixture. 
When called for, a proper quantity of the compound chalk 
powder should be dropped into the bottle, and equal parts 
of water and cinnamon water added to make up the re- 
quired measure, a vigorous shake and the mixture is com- 
plete. There Is no preparation more badly abused or so 
carelessly dispensed as this mixture. To my mind, a man 
who will dispense chalk mixture, ready made from a shelf 
bottle, is unworthy the name of pharmac'st, unless he 
knows that the mixture was made the same day it was 
dispensed. 



OXYGEN SUBCUTANEOUSLY.— Dr. W. Ewart. before 
the British Medical Association, gave particulars of the 
methods of Injecting o.Kygen subcutaneously, which he 
has practised. The injection of peroxide of hydrogen 
is the method that presents less risk, but the injection 
of oxygen gas is easier to carry out. A fifth of a 
pint of 10 per cent, solution of peroxide of hydrogen 
was added to four-fifths of a pint of saline solution and 
Infused under the skin. This method was used in five 
severe cases of pneumonia, but Dr. Ewart prefers not to 
draw conclusions from so limited an experience. In- 
jections of oxygen are only indicated in urgent conditions, 
and the question as to whether subcutaneous injections 
are preferable to the Inhalation method has yet to be 
settled.— (Ch. and Dr.) 



January 17, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



67 



THE PRESERVATION OF PLANTS. 



By 



WK'LIFFE PKL'K. 



It is often most difficult for a student to rec-ogiiize 
flowers, leaves and plants erenerally wnen tncy are pi-e- 
served in the usual way by the use of blotting paper under 
pressure, and. Indeed, for all plants of a succulent nature 
this treatment Is quite useless if the plant is intended to 
be recognized afterwards. And though the stem and 
leaves of plants generally may be suitable for the process 
of spreading out on stiff drawing paper, the flower is 
often, and the fruit alwa.vs. unsuitable (with some few 
exceptions). 

It has been found by various workers that the first 
substance produced by green leaves from the CO; and 
H2O they obtain is formic aldehyde, and that from this 
are produced the many complex bodies with which we 
are more or less acquainted— namely, sugars and starches. 
An experiment in favor of this is shown by a mixture 
of substances, having the formula t^nHisOu (formose), beina: 
obtainable from the interaction of lime water and form- 
aldehyde. 

It has been found that formaldehyde is present in 
green leaves to a larger extent when in sunlight, so I 
proposed the use of formaldehyde for the preserv.ation 
of plants by placing them in a liquid medium and sealing 
them up in a bottle. The simplicity of this proce.ss is 
obvious, and the results are not alto.i?ether dlscouragin,^. 

The action of formaldehyde appears to be to kill all 
micr«-organisms of fermentation or destruction, the ex- 
clusion of oxygen, and. by contracting the protoplasm, 
prevent any action between the cells. From many ex- 
periments. I find that however well any particular 
strength solution will keep the colors of the petals or 
fruits fairly normal, sunlight, that all-powerful agent ot 
chemical force, bleaches them. Specimens, therefore, pre- 
served mu5t l)e kept in a dark place, or out of direct 
sunlight— the darker the position the belter. 

I took six bottles, putting in each plain aqueous solu- 
tion of definite strength of formaldehyde, and into thio 
liquid I put five pieces of different plants — a several- 
colored antirrhinum of the garden, yellow calceolaria 
flowers, white stock, a daisy and a pinule of a fern (As- 
pidium). The effect in ail cases was to make the tissues 
more or less translucent, and in some instances, as in 
specimens of the tulip and hyacinth before you, to show 
the structure very beautifully, and to keep tile specimen 
intact. The solutions and plants in them were kept seven- 
teen months, and were 1 per cent.. 3 per cent., o per cent.. 
10 per cent., 20 per cent, and 40 per cent, in strength, and 
gave the following results— being kept in a dark corner: 

1 per cent, solution.— Liquid colored reddish; yellow 
bleached very slightly; green leaf only slightly trans- 
lucent, otherwise unciianged; white petals made semi- 
translucent, but had been dyed slightly by the reddish 
solution. 

:! per cent, solution. — Similar to the 1 per cent., but more 
color extracted, somewhat dense appearance, no bleach- 
ing, and the green kept a better color. 

5 per cent, solution.— A very clear solution, very slightly 
tinged with red; flowers translucent, external forms per- 
l'''ct, and about 30 per cent, of their former colors bleached. 

10 per cent, solution.— As 5 per cent., but colors a little 
more bleached. 

20 per cent, solution. — Colors very much gone, the yel- 
low the least. 

40 per cent, solution.— Colors more bleached than 20 per 
cent., the reds entirely, the yellow only partially. 

On further experiment with 5 per cent, solution in dif- 
fused light. I found that while a pansy was quickly 
bleached to a translucent white in all colors except the 
yellow lower petal after a period of six montlis. a red 
rhododendron retained its color admirably, and a tine 
ruby-colored tulip became a semi-translucent puce. A 
white tulip (as shown'l became translucent, and you will 
notice, retains its morphological character admirably. A 
blue wild hyacinth changed to opaque white in two days, 
and to a setni-translucent white in six Tnonths. A light 



pink cultivated hyacinth became in appearance like the 
blue one did— before mentioned. And mignonette, after 
four months, had retained its perfume distinctly, even 
above the penetrating odor of the H.CHO. The chloro- 
phyll is not dissolved, while portions of the coloring mat- 
ters and small quantities of wa.x are dissolved. 

In the specimen before you of belladonna flower, fruit, 
and leaf— kept two years in a 10 per cent solution— yotj 
will notice that the colors ot the fruit and leaf are per- 
fect, while the original flower has lost perhaps less than 
:W per cent, of its original color, and has become slightly 
translucent. This has been exposed to ordinary light on a 
shelf quite open to any diffused light. 

The above experiments show that a ."> per cent, solu- 
tion of formaldehyde is the most suitable for preserving 
Of two of the vegetable types one will lose 30 per 
cent, and the other ."ill per cent, of their colors, and of two 
red flowers of different t.vpes one will lose ;{() per cent, and 
the other .jO per cent, of their colors, perhaps, while blues 
are quickly bleached. That in some Instances a 10 per 
cent, solution is satisfactory, but is. of course, less eco- 
nomical. 

The possibility of viewing, during the damp darkness ot 
winter, the "sweet nurslings of the vernal skies.' or. as 
Tennyson expresses it. 

"The roaring moon of daffodil and crocus." 
in all their richness would be rare indeed. And whatever 
measure of success we may ha\'e, it is certainly worth 
while, on these grounds alone. 

As we can distill the perfumes and store them up for 
our delectation, perhaps we may al.so keep the forms and 
"The beauty of these priceless things. 
That every season duly flings 
Beneath our feet, and scatters round 
The glorious colors on each mound." 



PHARMACY. 



QUININE GLYCEROPHOSPHATE.— Neutral and acia 
glycerophosphates of quinine have not yet been obtained 
crystalline. If the conditions for preparing the toasic 
glycerophosphate by double decomposition between qui- 
nine sulphate and calcium glycerophosphate in diiutc 
alcoholic solution are not exactly observed, the product 
will contain calcium and quinine sulphates. It is safer 
to act upon glycerophosphoric acid with hydrated quinine. 
A saturated solution of calcium glycerophosphate is added 
in small quantities at a time to a 20 per cent, solution 
of -oxalic acid, agitating carefully, and adding finally 
slight excess of the calcium salt. After some hours 
the liquid is filtered, a slight excess of quinine hydrate, 
suspended in water, being then added. The mixture is 
boiled, filtered, and the filtrate, which should be dis- 
tinctly alkaline to litiuus. allowed to cool. The crystals 
are separated, washed with cold water, and dried at the 
ordinary temperature. The salt obtained under these 
conditions contains .5H::0. which is gradually lost as the 
t-.'mperature is raised; the salt turns brown at fW" C. 
and begins to decompose. It contains about 70 per cent, 
of quinine. 1!) per cent, of glycerophosphoric acid and 11 
per cent, of water. It is soluble in 600 parts of coU 
water and less than 100 parts of hot water; it is readil.v 
.soluble in alcohol, glycerin and acids. About one-fiftli 
of the quinine in the salt is not displaced by alkalies In 
the cold, prolonged boiling is required for complete separa- 
tion. The constitution of the compound is not that ot a. 
simple salt. IPrunier, in Jour. Chim. Pharm.) 



•Read before the Chemists' Assistants' Association. 
London. 



CLASSIFICATION OF; RESINS.-From the experience' 
gained in a long series of researches on resins. A. Tschirch 
classifies those at present examined into three groups. 
The first, "tannol resins. ''■ contains esters ot certain reslrj 
.ilcohols which afford reactions analogous to tannin. 
These alcohols are termed resino-tannols. and are found* 
combined with aromatic acids. The tannol-reslns include 
the "benzo-rcsins." benzoin. Peru and Tolu balsams, gum 
acaroides. dragon's blood, aloes, resin and storax; also 
the ITmbelliferous gum resins, ammoniacum. asafetida 
.md Umbelliferous opopanax. The second group is named 
"resene resins." from the chief constituents being indif- 
ferent "resenes." bodies which neither combine wdth at- 
kalies nor show any other marked reactions. It include* 
the Burseraceous resins, olibanum, myrrh, Burseracetnis 



68 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[ Jaiuiary 17, 1901. 



yJPopana^. Aleci-a balsam, va^lou^s elemls, bdellium, taca- 
mahac and mastic; also the Dipterocarpous resins, dam- 
mar, Doona resin, (iurjun balsam and Manilla copal. 
The>e reelns contain no esters. The third group, "Ter- 
j>eno-reslns." contains free resin adds, such as reslno.le 
acid. To this belong the coniferous re.sins. the resin 
of J'olyporus officinalis, the resins of copaiba balsam and 
JCanzibar coi)al.^ourn. de Pharm.. Ph. Jour. 



INFLUENCE OF DRY AND AlOIST AIK ON PLANTi. 
—.As a. general law derived from a .'^ries of experiments 
on a large number of iilanls belonging lo many natural 
orders, M. ?:berhardt derives the following conclusions; 
>lolst air promotes the development of both stem anJ 
Jeaves, but reduces the diameter of the stem; it increase.^ 
the amount of surface of the leaves, but diminishes the 
ciuantity of chlorophyll contained in them. The dilleren- 
tiatlon of tissues is greatly reduced, especially the suji- 
porting tissue. The production of rootlets is much di- 
minished. Dry air, on the other hand, has an unfavor- 
able effect on the growth of the stem, has a tendency 
to diminish the surface of the leaves and to increase the 
number of rootlets. It promotes the production of 
stomates, the thickness of the cuticle and the formation 
of bark, favors the formation of woody tissue, and thj 
tlifterentiation of the sclerenchymatous tissues, both In 
the pith and in the cortex, and increases tne develop- 
ment of the palisade ti.'^sues of the leaves.— (Compies 
rendus; Phar. Jour.) 



LIGHT FROM BACTERIA.— The Lancet states thai 
pure cultures of the photo-bacterium- which is the cause 
of the phosphorescence of the sea— can be ootamed by 
placing a fresh haddock or herr.ng in a 2 per cent, sait 
solution and keeping it at about 7 degrees above freezing. 
In a few days the fish and all the Huld give off a pale 
greenish light, made more brilliant by adding a little 
sugar. The cultures can even be photographed by their 
own light. 



ErPYRIN.— Trade name g.ven to a compound of 
vanillin ethyl-carbonate and p^phenetidin. It appears a.s 
acicular crystals, grass-green in color, tasteless, and 
having a faint but very pleasant odor of vanilla. It 
melts, without change, at between 87° and .SS' C. (from 
187— IW F.I. difficultly soluble in water, but readily sio 
in alcohol, ether and chloroform. It is said to be a mild, 
non-toxic antipyretic, especially useful with chUoren, thw 
aged and debilitated. 



The l.ac Imlustry ol Assam. 

A recent report of the Assistant Director of Agricul- 
ture in Assam deals in detail with the lac industry there. 
Lac occurs in its natural state in various parts of the 
forests of Assam, as well as of Burma, but chiefly in 
parts of the Khasi and Garo Hills, and the export in 
recent years has averaged IG.UOO maunds. or something 
over 500 tons, but in some of the forests, owing to the 
ravages of the Kolaazar epidemic and depopulation, the 
production is declining. The production in Manipur is 
not sufficient for the local needs, and quantities of the 
lac are sent there from the Kubo Valley of .\ssam. 
The lac is all sent away from Assam in the cjude form. 
or stick lac; shell and button lac are made, to some 
extent, but lac dye is not now prepared anywhere in 
Assam, and lacquer wares are only produced in two 
places, so that this once considerable industry would seem 
to be dying out. The black lacquer of Manipur is really 
not a lac preparation at all, but only the juice of a 
tree sent from the Kubo Valley. In Assam the lac is 
usually collected twice a year, first in May and June, and 
then in October and November. The first is mainly used 
for seed purposes, while the second forms the export 
A few days after the collection, pieces of stick lac con- 
taining living insects are tied on to the branches of the 
trees on which the next crop is to be grown. The usual 
plan is to place the lac in small bamboo baskets and 
tie these on the twigs of the trees. The insects soon 
crawl out. and spread over the young branches, on which 
they promptly begin to feed, and secrete the resin. This 
is allowed to go on tor about six months, when the lac 
is collected; but if the secretion has been defective or 
insufficient. the insects remain undisturbed for another 
6ix months. 




FR AMv -WRIGHT. 

Frank Wright, a successful "Farmacist" at Cave 
Spring. Ga.. has just been elected mayor of his town. 
He is a pharmaceutical graduate of '9."t. a member of the 
Georgia and of the American Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tions, and a reader of the Era. The Mayor is a believer 
in the phonetic system of spelling and adheres to it 
religiously in all ".lis correspondence and printed matter, 
all wrappers leaving his store bearing an alphabetical 
list of a hundred principal articles of his stock, headed 
with the sentence. "Sum Things I Sel." Formerly he 
conducted a "farmacy" in Rome. Ga.. and was there 
well known as an aggressive cutter, but has since learned 
the folly of his way in that direction. All of his labels 
are first prepared by covering the large blank sheets 
with the sentence "Frank\^'right■sFarmacy" in diamond 
type set up without spacing and closely arranged in 
diagonal lines, then reprinting over this transversely the 
regular label in the usual black letters; all labels bearing 
first the official English name and then in brackets the 
synonym, followed briefly by such information concern- 
ing the contents as will probably be most useful to the 
customer. 

Recently Mr. Wright had prepared a set of 1.000 Cc. 
French square amber-colored shelf ware, having each 
label plainly numbered in front and the same number 
ground on top of the stopper, thus preventing evapora- 
tion and deterioration consequent upon stoppers getting 
in the wrong bottle and serving to keep the bottle in its 
proper alphabetical position on the shelf. The amber 
color protects the contents from light and. failing to 
disclose internal stains, makes a handsome appearance on 
the shelf. Mr. Wright is still a single man but says he 
is getting awfully tired of it. 



CHOCLON.— Name of a milky preparation, obtained 
from a species of maize growing in Argentina, which, it 
is claimed, is an almost perfect succedaneum for mother's 
milk. .\nalysis lies Neuveaux Remedes) shows it to 
contain more protein material and less fat, than human 
ntilk. 



miary i", 1901.J 



Tin-: PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



HEARN. 

Drugs 

Liquors 

Groceries 



WEST FOURTEENTH STREET, 
EW YORK 





Everything 



in 



Dry Goods. 




The most delicious and best selling 

LICORICE PREPARATIONS 

Manufactured, are made by 

YOUNG & SMYLIE, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

T. & S. STICK LICORICE, ACME LICORICE PELLETS, T. & S. LICORICE LOZENGES, MANHATTAN WAFERS, 
TC.. ETC. For sale by all prominent wholesale druggists. If you cannot get them at your jobber's, send a card to the 
auufacturers abovenamed. 



Gordon's 

CHEMICALLY PURE 

Glycerin, 



The Oldest Brand. 



The Purest Glycerin. 



Every druggist should use it and 
dispense it. There's no good reason 
why he shouldn't do so, as it is 
easily obtained from jobbers in any 
quantity desired and it costs no 
more than other brands. All that's 
necessary is to specify "Gordon's'" 
on your orders to jobbers. They 
all supply it. 

The Standard for Nearly Fifty Years. 



The W. J. M. Gordon Ckmicil Co., 

CINCINNATI, OHIO. 
Established 1848. Incorporated I891. 



EXPRESS PREPAID 

Samples 

I'"iir distribution; also, if you 
\vill send us the names of your 
nistomers we will send theni a 
sample by mail, with your im- 
rint upon the 

CIRCULAR. 




PRICES. 

2C>c.-slEe. 

$1.75 per dozeii. 
COe.-sisKe. 

$3.25 per dozen. 
7."e.-size. tin eiiii. 

$6.00 per dozcu. 

Write lor Samples an^i i 
package for your denti^i 
Some free powder comes ' > 
pay for the distributl' 
Send the names of yni 
dentists and your jobb^er 
with your request. 

Graves' Tootti Powder Co,, 

CHICAGO. Ibl.. 



OR.E.L.GRAV 

JOOTH^ff 



llflMl 



F^Ji'jD BV IDHEQUUEOI 



p. 3.) 



THF. PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17. 1901. 



. . DUROY BRAND . . 



Concentrated Syrups and Crushed Fruits. 



Put up in full hall-gallon glass jars and in single gallon jugs. We are the only 
manufacturers of the famous old. genuine Duroy wines. With our large, ex- 
tensive modern buildings and improved facilities, we can produce wines and 
Koda flavors cheaper than any tirni in the land. We are right in the midst 
of the greatest fruit country in America, consec|uently our supplies are all 
fresh. We can save you money if quality is considered, llefore placing your 
orders, write for prices and recei-.-e samples. 



mm$ THE DUROY & HAINES CO., 



MORRISSON, PLUMMER & CO.. Agts., 



CHICACSO. ILL. 



^ 



Sandusky, Ohio. 

.*— olc >Ianiifaeturers. 



Ji 



.]..l^^^^^^^,,l.^^~i.-i^-i-i^-i-i-i-i-i- ♦ 



WniOMT'5 



TOOTH PASTE 

FOnTME TltTM, MOUTtl. OUMS AHD BRMTH. 



Advertising is Catching 



4- 



+ 

•^ 
•^ 

t 

•i" 

•{• 
+ 
•^ 
•i- 
•^ 

^ the eyes of magazine readers in every city, town and v 

•^ hamlet in the United States. Every month its merits 

X are told in quarter-page, half-page and whole-page 

4. advertisements in all widely-read magazines. 

"i" In other words, we are reaching a combined cir- 

^ culation of nearly TEN MILLION RE.^JDERS every 

4. month, .nnrl impressing them with the tact that 

mrigM's Dentomyrb 
Cootb Paste * • * 

is the best, mo.st effective, most delightful of all „ 
modern dentifrices. 

Are you losing sales because you haven't stocked it? 

If so. mend matters to-day. Order three or six 
dozen and benefit by our special offer (for a brief 
period) of $2.00 per dozen, less 10 per cent., receiving 
attractive glass showcase, abundance of booklets with 
your imprint, lithographs, etc. 

Charles Wright Chemical Co. 

DETROIT, MICH. 



•i- 
■i- 



•5- 
t 
? 
•5- 

•^ 
•^ 
•i- 

•h 
■i- 
■i- 

•i- 



4* 

♦v."I""I"*I**I*"r"I**I*v*I**i*"r*I*V*i 



r*I**I""I"%"i 



»» 4 .»i f .». I .». I .<. ; .«. I . ♦• I .,. ; ■«■ ; ,«■ ; ■»■ ; ■»■ ; ■»■ ; .». ; ,.■ ; ■»■ ; ■>, . ; .». ; .»■ ! 



I N order to maintain regular prices we adhere 
to the "rebate contract plan." 

We pay the war tax first, last and all the 
time. 

We manufacture an excellent laxative remedy 
and advertise extensively to make business for 
the drug trade and ourselves. 

We do not claim to excel in other things, but 
we endeavor to do one thing well and to give 
satisfaction to the trade. 

We appreciate the friendly interest which 
druggists generally have taken in the sales of 
our remedy and we thank them most cordially. 

We are, 

Yours truly, 

California Fi^ Syrup Co., 



SAN FRANCIS<CO, CAL. 



i,4$vistil,l,e:, kt. 



NETV TORK, W, To 



(S. p. 4.) 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



NEW YORK AND VICINITY. 



TARRANT & CO. MUST ANSWER. 



KINGS COUNTY STANDS FAST. 



•Coroner's Jnr>- Hold Finn Criiiiiuully Responsible 
For Death of Seven Persons — Hail Fixed for 
President Mniu and Director Powers at ^.OlMI 
Long' Legal Figrht Expected. 

The coroner's jury which had been sitting last week 
111 investigate the Tarrant & Co. disaster and fix the 
•criminal refponsibility, returned the following verdict 
Friday afternoon. January 11: 

"We tind that said explosion was occasioned by the 
storage of combustible chemicals in excess of the quan- 
tity permitted by law. and we hold Tarrant & Co. crim- 
inally responsible for the deaths of the deceased." 

Coroner Bausch, before whom the inquiry was held. 
ordered that Thomas F. Main, president of Tarrant & 
•Company, and William A. G. Powers, one of the directors, 
appear before him Saturday. January 12. Messrs. Main 
and Powers appeared and were held in ?5,000 bail for the 
•Grand Jury. 

-Assistant District Attorney AValsh. who appeared for 
the people, said the case would probably be submitted 
to the Grand Jury this week. 

Lawyer Alfred Ely. tor Tarrant & Co.. stated that 
there was about Jl.ClMi.oOO insurance involved in the case. 

"One of Tarrant & Co.'s employes." said Mr. Ely. 
"told me last week that since the fire he had been ap- 
proached by a man whose name he did not know who of- 
fered him .$2.1KI0 if he would make an affidavit that sul- 
phur was stored in Tarrant & Co.'s building." 

Mr. Ely said he would make an investigation with a 
-view to establishing the identity of the person who made 
the offer. 

George E. Murray. Inspector of Combustibles, testified 
at the inquest that in acting on permits for the storage 
•of chlorate of potash he would not permit it to be stored 
where there was sugar, acid or sulphur. 

"AVould you permit chlorate of potassium to be stored 
at one end of a floor and sulphur at the other end?" 

"I would have to know who was handling it." 

He explained that if some of the two articles were 
spilled and were swept together an explosion might 
•occur. 

"We never recognized Tarrant & Co. as running a 
storehouse or warehouse." he said. "They were under- 
stood to be wholesale druggists running a private busi- 
ness. After the fire I found in the basement spirits 
enough to start a saloon, as well as turpentine, muriatic 
■acid, etc., all of which had not been touched by fire or 
by the explosion, indicating that the substances which 
'had caused the explosion were on the upper floor." 

Other witnesses testified to the amounts of chlorate 
of potash and of sulphur stored in the building. It was 
brought out that over 32.000 pounds of sulphur and about 
thirty-five tons of chlorate of potash were in the build- 
ing at the time of the fire. 

President Main, in response to a question by Coroner 
Bausch. testified that he never inquired whether firms 
having goods in the building were storing explosives. 
He said "Mr. Morehouse attended to that, and he was an 
old and trusted employe." 

Mr. Morehouse lost his life in the disaster. 

Max J. Breitenbach. a manufacturer, living at No. 22 
"East "Eighty-ninth street, gave bail for Main. Breiten- 
bach occupied one of the floors of the Tarrant building. 
He pledged the brick house. No. -136 Madison avenue, 
valued at $40,000. Joseph A. Flynn qualified as Powers' 
*ondsman, giving fifteen blocks on Washington Heights, 
•lalued at J30.000, as security. 



Hesolntions of Concriitiilntion From ivin^;s County 
l*liariiiiifeiitiriil Six-iefy to Presi4lent Anderson 
of N. A. K. D. mill Dr. Ilrundage. Vice-Presi- 
dent lloard of I'liariiiacy. 

The work of the i Joint Conference Committee in 
amending the cut-rate evil in Greater New York was re- 
hearsed in full at the meeting of the Kings County Phar- 
maceutical Society in the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy 
Tuesday afternoon, January S, and was afterward unani- 
mously endorsed. The members present, of whom there 
was a large number, evinced a new interest in the well- 
known N. A. R. D. plan by which the Conference Com- 
mittee expects to obtain its end. and pledged themselves 
anew to uphold the price-schedule when it was declared in 
effect. The new pharmacy law was also discussed at 
length and much valuable information given by Dr. Brun- 
dage and William Muir. who had just returned from the 
first meeting of the Board of Pharmacy at Albany. 

W. C. Anderson took up the report of the Executive 
Committee of the Joint Conference Committee. Mr. Muir, 
chairman of the committee, being absent at the time. 

The C'lmmittee's work was outlined in full by Mr. An- 
derson, who said that over 97 per cent, of the druggists 
of Greater New York had already declared in favor of the 
price schedule. He said the dry goods trade was also 
favorably inclined toward it. He had seen representa- 
tives from the Hegeman Corporation. J. N. Hegeman. J. 
Milhau's Son, and Reid, Yeomans & Cubit, and they 
had talked in favor of the plan, but another conference 
would be necessary after the canvass of the city had been 
completed, before they would give a final answer. The 
plan was operating excellently in other sections. Pater- 
son had a price-schedule in force which was progressing 
most satisfactorily. Caution must be exercised by the 
druggists, however, in holding to the agreement, as 
methods might be tried by unscrupulous persons to under- 
mine the plan. 

Mr. Muir came in while Mr. .\nderson was talking and 
subsequently added a brief reoort. 

A. Hegeman asked if a druggist who cut on anything. 
whether the article was on the rebate list or not, should 
be classed as aggressive. 

Mr. jVnderson replied in the aflSrmative and cited a case 
where a wholesale dealer in the South had sold to one 
cutter and had been refused goods by the J. C. Ayer Co., 
to whom he afterward sent an order. This company re- 
turned the order, stating this wholesaler could no longer 
distribute the Ayer goods, as he had violated his agree- 
ment. This should apply to ...e retailer; if he cut on one 
article he should be treated as though he cut on all. 

Secretary Tuthill called attention to the large number 
of members at the meeting who had not attended in some 
time before .and for their benefit asked Mr. Anderson to 
outline the N. A. R. D. plan. Before Mr. Anderson com- 
plied, a number of questions were asked of him. all of 
which he answered in a satisfactory manner. ' He then 
outlined the tripartite agreement and N. A. R. D. plan 
in full. A discussion followed in which nearly all took 
part, and which showed the members to be favorably 
impressed with the N. A. R. D. plan. When matters 
lagged for a moment fresh arguments were started by 
an innocent, not to say facetious, question asked by Mr. 
Wichelns. It was: "Why do you fellows charge pharma- 
cists $2.00 a year under the new law?" 

Mr. Muir joined in the general laugh following the re- 
mark and afterward answered the question in more 
serious strain. His remarks were supplemented by a very 
clear explanation of the registration clauses of the law 
by Dr. Brundage. 

Dr. Ray thought the members should feel highly grati- 
fied in having the president of the N. A. R. D. and the 



70 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



vice-president of the Board of Pharmacy for fellow mem- 
bers, and his motion that the society congratulate the 
two oflicers was unanimously carried. Dr. Brundage re- 
sponded In a feeling manner. 

Secretary Tuthill reported that the Progressive Phar- 
maceutical Association of Brooklyn, composed of twenty- 
six pharmacists of Greenpoint, six of whom were mem- 
bers of the Kings Count.v Society, was desirous of joining 
the Kings County Society in a body if the initiation fe« 
was suspended. Mr. Anderson's motion that such action 
be taken was carried. Secretary Tuthill said President 
Smith, of the Greenpoint organization, had promi-sed to 
Influence the organization in Long Island City of twenty- 
four members to join also it the same condition were 
allowed. 

The Greenpoint A.ssociation had been working out the 
N. A. R. D. plan with much success. Mr. Muir said the 
Kings County Pharmaceutical Society was already the 
largest local pharmaceutical organization in the State, 
having a list of 305 paying members and the addition of 
the new members would further strengthen its position. 

An invitation from the German Apothecaries Society 
to attend its ball, accompanied by twenty tickets, was 
accepted. 

Adolph Sanntrock and Antonio Lo Sardo were pro- 
posed for membership and nine persons were elected 
members. 

Treasurer Ray reported as follows: Balance December 
11. $284.36; receipts. $21: disbursements, $100; balance, 
$205.30. He also reported the following condition of the 
Brooklyn College of Pharmacy funds: Received college 
fees, $1,120; from Board of Pharmacy, $724.06; 'balance on 
hand last report, $4,314.(5; balance to date, $6,1.58.71. 



[January 17, 1901. 



BOARD OF PHARMACY AND THE LAW. 



"BETTER PRICES" THE RULE OF PATER- 
SON. 



Retnll Drnearists Institute Sweepiiisr Reform niid 
Schedule is I'plield — "We Are very Sorrj- AVe 
Did Not .\dvnnce Sooner." They S«y. 

During the last few weeks the retail druggists of 
Paterson. N. J., have been working under a minimum 
price schedule in accordance with the N. A. R. D. plan, 
and an estimate of its worth may be obtained from the 
following taken from a letter from a member of the local 
association: "Everything is moving along satisfactorily. 
"We have had very little difflculty with customers over the 
advanced prices. We are only sorry we did not advance 
sooner." 

Paterson has always borne the reputation of being 
one of the worst cut-rate towns in the United States. 
A few weeks ago the druggists of the city formed a local 
association with a view to testing the N. A. R. D. plan. 
A price list was put in effect December 23. 1900. It is an 
extensive affair, embracing not only medicinal proprietary 
articles, but infant foods, beef extracts, mineral waters, 
toilet articles and in fact almost ever.vthing properly 
belonging to the drug business. The schedule is too 
lengthy to reprint here, but the scale followed is as fol- 
lows: All new articles shall be sold at full price. All 
articles of which the full retail price is less than 25c. 
shall he sold at full retail price: all 25c. articles not less 
than 2nc. : all 35c. articles not less than 30c.; all 50c. 
articles not less than 40c.: all 75c. articles not less than 
60c.: all $1 articles not less than 80c. Barbers and hair- 
dressers to pay full schedule prices. There are a number 
of exceptions noted under the different clas'ses. but in all 
instances the price quoted is substantially above the 
killing prices which were in force. 

The association held its annual meeting Thursday 
evening, Januar.v 10, when the officers who had been 
elected at the first meeting. December 6. 19CKX were unani- 
mously re-elected as follows: President. G. E. Pellett; 
vice-president. A. Nussey; secretary. G. H. Golding; 
treasurer. L. W. Kent; trustees. C. C. Smith. R. yv. Love- 
land and Dr. J. E. Brown. 



X. Y. C. P. .\LIMXI MEETING. 

The regular monthly meeting of the Alumni Associa- 
tion of the New York College of Pharmacy was held 
Wednesday evening. January 9. and was well attended. 
The following members of the association who had not 
visited a meeting in a number of years were present: 
George Freygang and George Lehritter, New York, and 
L. H. Dickenson and Philip Simon, Danbury, Conn. 
Beside the regular routine business. G. E. Schwein- 
furth. secretary of the Joint Conference Commit- 
tee, gave a complete report of the work of the committee 
)n the movement for better prices. 



KaMlern Hrnnch to Grant RecoKniHou In IMmr- 
mnolHtM lt<-ein(<-rr<I on CulleKc Hlploma— Htmrd 
Kcndy to ■(•■Kinler. 

.\ meeting of the Eastern branch of the Board of 
Pharmacy was held In the New York College of Pharmacy 
.Monday evening, January 14, at which Important matters 
concerning the enforcement of the pharmacy law were 
tilscussed. 

One of the first matters to come before the Eastern 
Board was that of recognizing the pharmacist regis- 
tered on a college diploma. Under the law there Is no 
provision made for him. and although he can continue 
business on his present credentials, by a strict interpre- 
tation of the law there is no paragraph In it referring to 
him as a pharmacist, nor is he mentioned in any other 
way. It is the sentiment of the members of the Fiastern 
branch that he should be recognized. At the meeting of 
the Board in Albany President Smither and Secretary- 
Treasurer Faber were given the matter in charge to in- 
quire into the legal right of a branch of the board to 
take such action independent of the entire board. 

Another matter to occupy the Eastern branch's at- 
tention is the paragraph of the law referring to the 
registration of stores "during the month of January." 
Because of the great number of stores in this section it 
will be next to impossible to register all of them during 
the current month, consequently the lime will be ex- 
tended. As soon as practicable the board will print notices 
in the pharmaceutical press calling on drug store owners 
to register. A reasonable time will be given for them to 
comply, and if they should fail to do so after the second 
warning they will be prosecuted. The board intends to 
be as lenient as possible until the machinery of the law 
is running smoothly. Of course, it will be impossible 
to know that all stores have complied with the law until 
the inspectors begin a tour of the city. The board ap- 
points the inspectors, but as different conditions prevail 
in the different sections, the appointments are made on 
suggestion of the local branch. The legal counsel is 
designated in the same way. 

In re-registering it will not be necessary for the appli- 
cant to present himself in person, but in mailing his 
registration certificate he must also include his qualifi- 
cation blank. The fee is $1, with 50 cents additional 
for engrossing if this be desired, and to cover the expense 
of forwarding the new certificate by registered mail. 
The dispensaries, clinics, hospitals, wholesale drug houses 
and paint stores will all have to register. The board has 
established its office in the New York College of Phar- 
macy and is ready for business. George S. De Lacey 
has been engaged as clerk to Secretary Faber and he 
will attend to all applicants. 

The salaries of the secretaries of the different branches 
have been fixed as follows: Eastern branch, $1,000; Middle 
branch. $000; Western Branch, $40*. The secretary- 
treasurer of the board receives a yearly salary of $500. 
President Smithers has named the following committees 
for the year: 

On Finance: Messrs. Sears, Bigelow and Palmer. 

On Inspection, Complaints and Prosecutions: Messrs. 
Faber. Reimann and Bradt. 

On Registration: Messrs. Smith. Muir and Jewell. 

On Adulterations and Substitutions: Messrs. Gregory. 
Diekman and Hj'de. 

On Sale of Poisons: Messrs. Brundage, Jewell and 
Merritt. 



THE MICHIGAN DRIG CO. OFFER. 

In the Era of January 3. under the title "Another N. 
A. R. D. Offer." a statement was made concerning the 
Michigan Drug Co. which was somewhat incorrect. The 
company, in a letter of January 7. states that its offer 
to the N. A. R. D. "is 50 cents for every pint of Dabrook's 
Violertes of Venice which is sold to the retail drug 
trade; price, $4.25 per pint; the only conditions being that 
the retailer sign the proper coupon, which is counter- 
signed by the jobber who fills the order. It does not 
apply to every pint of Dabrook's Perfumes or regular 
goods, which are sold at a less price." The company 
states that the offer is meeting much success. 



January 



KJOl. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



CANVASS COMPLETED. 

Over !».s r,.r « <-ii«. lit' <;r<-al<'i- N.-iv 1 ork ■■linriiiii- 
cl>««» in l'ii\<ir lit Hiulici- l*ri<-cs— Uii I > ;:.' \l>nii- 
llllel> AKitiliHl till- tlovt-iilclil— TliL- Dlllc llif >«-»v 
l>rip<-H Are t» Tnkf Kfffct to In- Flxt-al To-Da>. 

The Exiculiw I'ommUtei' nf the Joint dmforeiu'e I'Dm- 
mittee. which has had In c+iarse the eanvass of the phar- 
macists of Greater New York to obta'n an opinion on a 
schedule of higher prices for proprietary articles, com- 
pleted its labors Friday afternoon. January 11. The final 
reports of the canvassers were received. The results ob- 
tained were surprising to the committee 'nasmuch as t.iey 
Sn"eatly e.vceeded the most sanguine expectations. 

The reports were as follcws: 

District 1.— 30 stores visited. 2(i in favor :i opposed. 
1 doubtful. 

District 2.-25 stores visited. 7 in favor. :i opposed. V> 
not in. 

District 3.— Completed last week (sec Era January 10). 

District 4.-22 stores vi.=ited. 12 in favor, H> not in. 

District 5.— Completed last wcf k (see Era Jant;arv 10.) 

District 0.— 2."i stores visited: 2."! in favor 

Di.'ttri^t 7.— Completed last week. (See Era January 10.) 

Distri t s.— 22 stores visited: 21 in favor: 1 not in." 

The total for the entire canvass gives these figures: 
1.439 stores visited: l.^^'Is in favor: 2r> opposed; 44 doubt- 
ful: 34 not in. 

The number of "doubtful" may be greati.v reduced 
when the books of the canvassers are examined, as a num- 
ber of them have been placed in the "in favor" columti. 
having changed their minds after a visitation by members 
of the Executive Committee. In instances where the pro- 
prietor of a number of stores has refused to agree to the 
plan a negative answer has been placed opposite each 
store, so that it is probable the whole number of those op- 
posed will also be les-^ened. 

Chairman Muir took occasion to compliment the can- 
vassers on their work. He announced that over 98 per 
cent, of the pharmacists of greater New York had agreed 
to the plan. He had not received a report from the Retail 
Dry Goods Dealers* .\ssociation. which was to consider the 
price list at a meeting Tuesday afternoon. January 8. but 
that report would be ready to present to a meeting of the 
Joint Conference Committee to be held this afternoon. 

It is believed the date the new prices will go into effect 
will be fixed at this afternoon's meeting, and that it will 
be January 2). 

Some of the dov.-n-town retail dealers have not con- 
sented to the new arrangement, but it is believed they will 
if the list is adopted by the dry goods stores. 

J. Weinstein was sub-itituted on the committee in place 
of A. Bakst. 



ESSEX COUNTY 



(N. J.) DRUGGISTS' 
CIATION. 



ASSO- 



The minimum price schedule of the Essex County 
Retail Druggists' Association, adopted at the December 
meeting, becomes effective February 1. and at a meet- 
ing of the association held in the New Jersey College of 
Pharmacy. Newark. Wednesday. January 9. it was de- 
cided to announce the fact by mailing? notification cards 
to all druggists in the county who are in accord with 
the movement. 

F. W. Rodeman made an elo(|uent speech during the 
meeting on the policy of keeping united in upholding the 
reform. He concludeil his remarks by offering a motion 
that 5(M> cards be printed "To the Public " announcing 
that "On and after February 1, 1901. the prices charged 
in this establishment on patent medicines will be the 
same as those charged by all respectable pharmacists 
in Essex County." Mr. Rodeman thought such a card 
ought to be displayed in the window of each drug store. 
The idea w*as not favoreel by man.v members, and when 
the motion was voted on it was lost. 

Frank E. Kirby. vice-president of the Morgan Drug 
Co., of Brooklyn, spoke of the card system for commer- 
cial travelers in use in cities in the I'nited States where 
druggists had adopted a list of prices. A discussion fol- 
lowed, which resulted in the matter being put over until 
the next meeting. It was suggested that the society 
should incorporate to prevent persons suing individual 
mem'bers, as Mr, Beitmann said some of the "cutters" 
in town had threatened suit it their supplies were cut 
off. Secretary Wuensch said he would write to Secre- 
tary Wooten of the N. A .R. D. for information «n the 
matter. 



Treasurer Egge reported f.H.mi in the treasury. Two 
communications from Secretary Wooten were read and 

placed nil file. 

HOBOKEN DRUGGISTS DEFER ACTION. 

.\t the regular meeeting of the Hoboken (N. J.) Drug- 
gists' Association Monday evening, January 7, the mat- 
ter of adopting a price-list was laid on the table until 
the next meeting. The Executive Committee of the As- 
sociation presented the following schedule: 

All Sc. articles, full |)rice. 

.\ll IDc. articles, full price 

All loc. articles, full [rice. 

All 'J.lc. articles under ^2.10, not less than 20c. 

.\ll 2.">c. articles over .'S2.10. not less than 25c. 

All 35o. articles, not less than 2.'*»c. 

All ."lOc. articles under .f4. not less than 40c. 

All .'tOc. articles over $4. 45c. 

All "."le. articles, not less than 60c. 

All $1 articles under $9. not less than 85c. 

All il articles over ^'.i, not less than 90c. 

All :fl articles over jflO, not less than $1.' 

'1 his proved unsatistactory, and after muc'n discussion 
It was decided to instruct the committee to furnish a new 
.-chedule at the next meeting. February 4. It was also 
thought best to await the action of the committee in New 
York before a definite step was taken. It was unani- 
mously decided to join the N. A. R. D. Fourteen mem- 
bers were present at the meeting. 



.%>i OI'TIMISTIC Dm GCilST. 

-A certain druggist in Manhattan and not far from the 
New York College of Pharmacy, believes that all things 
are good in this world, and his doctrines are the basis of 
all his business transactions. An idea may be obtained of 
the way he thnks the world should be run— and he prac- 
tices as he preaches — from the following bit of pros© 
which is conspicuously displayed iit his store: 

"Do not keep the alabaster boxes of your love and 
tenderness sealed up until your friends are dead, but fill 
their lives with sweetness. Speak approving and cheering 
words while their ears can hear them and while their 
hearts can be thrilled and made happier hy them. The 
kind things you will say after they are gone, say before 
they go: the flowers you mean to send for their coffins, 
bestow no°.- and so brighten and sweeten their homes 
before they leave them. 

"If my friends have alabaster boxes laid away full of 
fragrant perfumes of sympathy and affection which they 
intend to break over my dead body. I would rather they 
would bring them now in my wear.v and troubled hours, 
and open them, that I may be refreshed and cheered 
while I need them and can enjoy them. I would rather 
have a plain coffin, with no flowers and a funeral without 
an eulog.v than a life without the sweetness of love and 
sympath.v: let us learn to anoint our friends beforehand 
for their burial. Postmortem kindness cannot cheer the 
burdened spirit: flowers on the coffin shed no fragrance 
backward over the weary way by which the loved ones 
have traveled." 

RETAIL. DRIGGIST BOWI^ERS E\TERTAIX. 

"L^adies" Night." which is an annual celebration with 
the Retail Druggists' Bowling (^lub, was obser\'ed by 
the club members Monday evening. January 7. During 
the evening the ladies -bowled for a prize of a handsome 
stick pin. Mrs. Otto Boeddiker rolled the highest score 
and was awarded [he gift by President Schweinfurth. 
A lunch folloT'-ed. Those present were: Mr. and Mrs. 
G. E. Schweinfurth. Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Hitchcock. Mr. 
and Mrs. c. H. White. Mr. and Mrs. J. Maxwell Pringle. 
Mr. and Mrs. C. S. Erb. Mr. and Mrs. William Weiss. 
Mr. and Mrs. Otto Boeddiker. Mrs. G. C Diekman. Miss 
Smith. Miss Leveridge. Miss De Zeller. Miss Linton, 
Miss Boeddiker. Miss Androvette, Miss Krueger. Miss 
Heinemann. R. H. Timmerman. S. F. Haddad. L. Wil- 
liam De Zeller, A. J. Heinemann, T. W. Linton. Fred. 
Wichelns. F. N. Pond and Bruno Dauseha. F. N. Pond 
made the highest score of the men and won the club 
badge, also a rag doll donated by a member. During 
the evening Fred. Wichelns gave humorous selections. 



X. Y. C. P. ALl'MM BALL.. 

The committee having in charge the Alumni Ball, of 
which Fred. Borggreve is chairman, predict that the ball 
this .year, which occurs January 30, is to be the m«.ist 
successful held in the thirty years of the association. The 
sale of tickets thus far has been far in excess of the 
most extravagant expectations of the members of the 
committee. 



72 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17, 1901. 



RBTAII^ DRUUUISTSi' AS^'0(.'l.\TIO\. 

At a regular meeting o£ the Ketall Druggists' Asso- 
ciation Friday i-venlng, January 4, tlie resignation of A. 
Bakst was presented. Mr. Bakst sent an explanatory 
Jetter In wliich he said that he had sold his retail store 
and was at present In the wholesale business with his 
brother, M. H;tltst. under the lirm name of Bakst Bros. 
He did not tjelleve it proper that he should be a member 
of the association under the circumstances. The resig- 
nation was accepted with regret and immediately Mr. 
Bakst was elected an honorary member. One memljer 
was proposed for membership. Isidor D. Wolf, 35 Pike 
street. 



price: SCIIRDLL.E: IN B.WO.WB, \. .1. 

The next meeting of the Bayonne Retail Druggists will 
probably be held the last of the month. It is expected 
that at this meeting a date will be fixed for putting the 
price list into effect. The list was adopted at the last 
meeting of the association, November 20, and since that 
time a canvass has been made of the eighteen druggists 
in Bayonne with the re.sult thai all but two were in favor 
of the higher prices. It is possible that the association 
will join the N. A. R. D. 



\OTES. 

A well-dressed young man called at the office of the 

New York College of Pharmacy last week and addre.ssed 
one of the faculty in French. Receiving no response ha 
tried several other languages until he struck German. 
Then a conversation was taken up and the professor 
asked if the other spoke Kngli.-h. Receiving a reply 
in the Anglo-Saxon tongue he then asked why the other 
had not spoken Knglish first. The reply was that the 
stranger had but recently arrived in .\merica anil lie 
thought in all educational institutions he should use the 
Court language of Kurope— French. 

A new corporation, B. H. 'Bacon Co., was recently 

organized in Rochester under the laws of this State, and 
succeeded to the business of 'B. H. Bacon, deceased. 
The company will continue, at 187 West avenue, the 
manufacture and marketing of the proprietary prepara- 
tions. Celery King, Otto's Cure and Baconia. The officers 
of the new company are: Jessie Thweatt, president; 
Amelia Bacon, treasurer, and W. E. Humelbaugh, secre- 
tary and general manager. 

W. L. Perkins, of the law firm of Perkins & Butler, 

of Manhattan, will deliver a lecture on "Pharmaceutical 
Jurisprudence" at the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy, 
Wednesday evening, January '23. The lecture will be a 
legal opinion on the new pharmacy law. It is proposed 
to invite all pharmacists in this section to attend. The 
lecture will take the place of the regular address Mr. 
Perkins was to have given in his series of "business 
talks" to the students. 

Visitors to the city last week were: H. A. Loser. Mont- 

clair, N. J.; Henry Woodward. Mlddletown. Conn.: Mr. 
Young, Lee and Osgood. Norwich, Conn.; Charles .A. 
"West, of the Eastern Drug Co., Boston, Mass.: John E. 
Server. San Francisco: F. B. Glazebrook, St. Louis. Mo.: 
T. H. Hainert. Minneapolis, Minn., and S. J. Tilden, New 
Lebanon, N. Y. 

The H. S. Johnston Drug Company, of 330 Third ave- 
nue, have moved to a new store at Twenty-fifth street 
and Third avenue. The new place is one of the hand- 
somest In the citj'. The fixtures are of quartered oak 
stained green; the floors are tiled and the general ap- 
pearance of the place is pleasing. 

The Senior class of the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy 

and as many as desired of the Junior class were to visit 
the works of the Maltine Co., Eighth avenue, between 
Eighteenth and Nmeteenth streets, yesterday, the party 
being in charge of Professors Golding and .\nderson. In 
the evening the whole party went to the Orpheum 
Theatre. 

P. C Pettit. formerly manager for Russell & Lawrie, 

■U'hite Plains, N. Y., has accepted a position with Walter 
S. Rockey, at the store. Thirt.v-fnurth street and Eighth 
avenue. Edwin Brown, of Oneonta. N. Y.. has also se- 
<;ured a position in the same store. 

In an epidemic of poisoning in Westchester. George 

Smith, druggist, on Main street, has lost a valuable cat 
called "Tiddledywinks." and ■Will-am Apfel, a brother 
iJruggist, has had two high-priced Great Dane dogs killed. 



'I'he -Mumni Association of the Brooklyn College of 

Pharmacy will hold its annual ball and reception at 
•The Argyle," February 13. F. P. Tuthlll is chairman 
of the Committee of Arrangements. 

James J. Hughes, George A. Horton and the Nassau 

National Bank have -secured judgment against Edmund 
IJ. I.a Wall and Arthur C. Searles for *632, and Albert 
S. l.ivermore a judgment for $618. 

George Reimann. secretary of the 'Western branch of 

the Hoard of Pharmacy and a well known druggist Of 
Bufi'alo, was in the city last week. He was accompanied 
by .Mrs. Reimann. 

— ("harles S. Erb has recently been elected master of 
Charity Lodge F. and A. M. and has named G. C. Dlek- 
man, Harry B. Ferguson and Charles H. Bjorkwall as 
his associates, 

A. R. Grant, of the Blumauer-Frank Drug Company, 

of Portland. Ore., called on friends in the trade during the 
first of the week. He was accompanied by Mrs. Grant. 

A meeting of the trustees of the New York College of 

Pharmacy was held Tuesday evening, January 8. Routine 
business was transacted 

J<iseph Weschler has recently accepted a clerkship 

In the Tremont pharmacy. Twenty-seventh street and 
Lexington avenue. 

Louis Eickwort, formerly apothecary on the U. S. S. 

Texas, has recently "purchased a drug store on Sands 
street. Brooklyn. 

The first examination by the new Board of Pharmacy 

was held at the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy yesterday. 

Hubert Geenen has recently purchased the store of 

L. F. Weismann at 2755 Broadway, corner 106th street. 

Ralph Harioe, B. C. P., '90, has accepted a clerkship 

with W. C. Anderson, 320 Lafayette avenue. Brooklyn. 

I-«uis Moes, N. Y. C P. 1900, has accepted a position 

in Bley's pharmacy, 118th street and Lenox avenue. 

Jam.es A. Borst has accepted a position with Hege- 

man & Co., 125th street and Seventh avenue. 
B. G. Criswell has accepted a position in J. Jung- 
man's new store at 428 Columbus avenue. 

The Barret Chemical Co., 344 Bowery, will remove 

about February 1, to 9 North Moore street. 

C. E. Dosh has sold his store at 154th street and 

Amsterdam avenue to Mr. Hoffman. 

The Norwich Pharmacal Co. has secured judgment 

against .\lfred R. Crain for $149. 

Albert F. Veeder. N. Y. C. P. 1900, of Lyons, N. T.. 

is visiting friends in the city. 

Jamts H. Best has resigned his position with Powers' 

pharmacy, Plainfield, N. J. 



SEAR \EW YORK. 



Fellow associates of Frank Crissy in the Essex County 

iN. J.) Druggists' Association are commenting on a 
recent production of Mr. Crissy's, w'ho is a painter of no 
mean ability. He is also a member of the "Push" Club 
of Newark, in which town he keeps his drug store. 
The "Push" Club is an organization of "good fellows," 
ami Mr. Crissy, who is a member, presented his painting 
lo the order. It has been hung in a conspicuous place 
in the rooms, where it attracts much attention. The 
picture is a copy of a famous painting entitled "Before 
the Storm." It shows a number of fishermen "shoreing" 
the life boats and otherwise preparing for the storm. 
the approach of which the darkening sky forbodes. 

The annual banquet of the New Jersey College of 

Pharmacy Alumni Association is scheduled to take place 
at Davis's Parlors, 943 Broad street. Newark, N. J., to- 
morrow evening. The annual meeting of the association 
will be held at the same time. 

Wrensch Bros., the well-known pharmacists of Mont- 

clair. N. J., are about to open a new store opposite the 
Erie depot in Montclair. The store will be one of the 
handsomest in the town. 

The New Jersey Board of Pharmacy meets to con- 
duct examinations at Trenton tb-day and to-morrow. 

David Loeser. druggist at Montclair, N. J., has 

opened a second store in tlie town. 

Wm. Munzing has started a new store on Pavonia 

avenue, Jersey City. 



January 17, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



73 



IN AND ABOUT BOSTON. 



KMiHTING THE BOARD OF PHAKMACY. 

<lbj<-c'( tu Continnanoe of F. H. Bntler as Sleiuber 
ot tlie Stute Iluurrt of Registration In Phiur- 
■iincy. 

Boston, Jan. 1:;.— Some druggists of M,-iesachusetts are 
in arms against Freeman H. Butler, ot Lowell, a member 
of the State Board ot Pharmacy, and whose dismissal 
Ihey hope to secure through Governor Crane. It appears 
that some druggist.s have not lilced Mr. Butler's adminis- 
traiion, and now trouble seems to have been precipi- 
tated by the case of Druggist Underhill. ot Haverhill, 
whose certificate had been cancelled by the Board. Under- 
hill, so it is claimed, was charged with aiding and abetting 
the illegal sale of liquor. The charge against him was 
not proved in court, yet the board revoked his certificate 
and he took the matter to the Supreme Court, which 
decided against the board. 

Some of the druggists met al Young's Hotel this week 
to talk over the matter. Among those present was 
■George Roskell, head salesman for the B. L. Patch Com- 
pany, manufacturing chemists. He told of an experience 
he had had at the office of the Board, when he asked to 
be shown the papers in the Underhill case. The board 
was in session at the time, and it is claimed that Mr. 
Butler then told the clerk not to show him anything, 
stating that it was the board's busy day. The druggists, 
as u. lesult in part of this story, appointed a committee 
to call upon Governor Crane and ask for Butlers re- 
niovaJ. 

Mr. Butler says that he knows Mr. Roskell very well 
and that he always has some fault to find with the 
board. As to his statement regarding Mr. Butler's treat- 
ment of him, that member states that this will be ex- 
plained if necessary, or it it is officially considered. He 
Jias no fear about his removal from office. He has de- 
sired for some time to leave the board. Because the 
board enforces the law some people do not like it, but 
that cannot be helped. The members of the board re- 
ceive .$5 a day and e.xpenses for actual service. 



ORUGGIST KILEY PRESIDENT OF THE BOSTON 
COMMON COINCIL. 

Boston, Jan. 12.— In the organization of the Boston 
■Common Council for 1901 Daniel Kiley was re-elected 
prerident. Mr. Kiley, a member of the Council from Ward 
Eigbi. was honored by a large majority vote. Though 
a mminee of neither party, he received the majority of 
the votes ot the Democrats, 23. and all but four of the 
Republican votes, 27, making a total of 50; while his 
Democratic opponent, Arthur W. Dolan, of Charlestown, 
reieived only IS votes. Mr. Kiley is a druggist having a 
store at 301 West Broadway. South Boston. 



A DRIGGIST INSTALLED AS M.W'OR. 

Boston, Jan. 12. — John Larrabee, of the drug firm of 
Stearns & I.,arrabee, Melrose, was this week installed as 
mayor of that city with titling ceremonies. He has been 
much before the public for many years, having held many 
public offices, and was a member of the Massachusetts 
State Board of Pharmacy for thirteen years, serving as 
secretary for seven and as president one year. He be- 
longs to many clubs and organizations. He . was born 
in Melrose on April 21, 1S50. 



NOTES. 

Members ot the Paint and Oil Club had their 126th 

.dinner this week at the Hotel Essex. After coffee. Presi- 
dent Norris S. Wilson called upon Secretary C. W. Willis 
to read reports and communications, and then Introduced 
«s the guest of the evening W. J. H. Nourse, of Wor- 
-cester. who accompanied the expedition for the relief of 
Khartoum in ISSo. Mr. Nourse joined a party formed 
in 1S84 for duty on the Nile. He recited many amusing 
:lncidents of the trip. He met Gen. Kitchener, then a 
major in the Egyptian army. The expedition, as is 
iknown. reached Khartoum after Gen. Gordon had been 
massacred. Mr. Nourse's story of the hardships on the 



Journey up the Nile held the attention of the members 
constantly. In March the club will have a ladies' night. 

When Leslie O. Wallace, a druggist on Centre street, 

Jamaica Plain, arrived at his store on the morning ot 
January 10, it was to learn that just previous, at about 
U.;iO o'clock, a terrible tragedy had taken place in the 
apartment immediately overhead. A demented Swede had 
shot and killed his wife, shot his three-year-old son. who 
died the next day at the hospital, and also shot his wife's 
mother, whose chance for recovery Is small. The man 
then killed himself. 

In the Cambridge District Court this week George M. 

Douglass, a druggist doing business on Massachusetts 
avenue, near Central Square, in that city, pleaded guilty 
to the charge of maintaining a liquor nuisance. Judge 
Almy imposed a fine of ?75, which the defendant paid. 
Once before this druggist was fined for selling liquors, 
but when the case reached the Superior Court It was 
placed on file. 

State Auditor Kimball has sent in to the House an 

official statement of estimates required for the several 
departments of public service for the year 1301. Among 
the many various requirements is that of $68,500 for the 
State Board of Health; also $6,500 for the State Board of 
Registration in Pharmacy, as well as $1,200 for an as- 
sayor and inspector of liquors. 

The Eastern Drug Company's bowling team continues 

to win honors. This week it beat a team from J. Middle- 
by Company's place, dealers in confectioners' and bakers' 
supplies, the Eastern Drug players' score being as fol- 
lows: Quinn, 207; Cullen, 238; Higgins, 253; Grant, 214; 
Williams, 27S: a total of 1.2'20. The opposing team rolled 
a total of 1,110. 

The National Guano Company, a new corporation or- 
ganized under the State of Maine laws, has Hayes Lougee, 
of Boston, for president and William B. Mack, Boston, for 
treasurer. Its purpose is to purchase and sell guano 
lands, minerals, earth fossils, phosphates, etc. The 
capital stock is to be $500,000, of which nothing is paid in. 

A liquor raid was made this week by the police of 

Holyoke upon Michael Beauregard's drug store in Main 
street, where they seized a large quantity of wine in 
casks, nearly forty gallons in all; also considerable whis- 
key and some beer. It is alleged that Beauregard has nc 
liquor license. 

After an illness of only two days. James W. Chad- 
wick died at his home in Clinton this week. He was 
twenty-five years old and was a clerk in the drug store 
ot Charles H. Laselle. He was formerly associated with 
W. H. Heagney, who at that time had a drug store in that 
town. 

Springfield people are to have a series of ten lectures 

and demonstrations on foods, cooking and marketing, to 
be delivered by Miss Anna Barrows, ot Boston. The sub- 
scription sale for the lectures has been conducted at 
Wheeler's dru.g store in Springfield. 



AVliltall, Tatnm & Co.'s New^ Catalogue. 

We have just received an advance catalogue ot Whltall, 
Tatum & Co.'s 1901 price list. This list has become an 
established work of reference in the trade, and as they 
print an edition ot 50.000 copies, it is pretty well dis- 
tributed throughout the United States, to say nothing ot 
its distribution in foreign countries. The new list con- 
tains, in addition to goods formerly shown, a number ot 
new articles in glassware and druggists' sundries which 
have been added to their line since the last catalogue was 
sent out. 

For many years Whltall. Tatum & Co.'s glassware has 
held a place in the estimation ot drug buyers very near, 
if not quite at the top, and their ware is generally ac- 
cepted as a standard ot excellence. Besides their regular 
qualities of flint and green glass, they make amber, blue, 
dark green and white opaque ware, and many articles on 
their list not so specified can be made in any of these 
colors to order. They invite correspondence with buyers 
in regard to the manufacture of any kind ot special glass- 
ware that may be wanted. 

The new list contains 202 pages and is most profusely 
illustrated. It is their purpo.te to supply one to every 
drug buyer. 



74 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17, 1901. 



PHILADELPHIA. 



p. C. p. NOTES. 

Philadelphia, Jan. 11!.— The promised appearance of 
Prof. Beal. ot Sclo, Ohio, at the Pharmaceutical meeting 
of January l.'i has aroused considerable Interest among 
local druggists Interested In pharmaceutical legislation. 
The programme Is that after the reading ot his paper on 
"A Lesson In Practical Politics Applied to Pharmacy," 
Prof. Beal will answer such questions as may be pro- 
pounded on pharmacy law in general. 

Shortly after li A. M. Thursday morning Are was dis- 
covered in the rear of the College of Pharmacy building 
and but for the promptness of the firemen of Engine 
Company No. 27 .serious loss would doubtless been sus- 
tained. The fire, which was in the chemical laboratory, 
was discovered by a number of residents on Hutchinson 
street, a small street in the rear of the college, and a 
local alarm was at once sounded. For a time matters 
looked serious, a heavy smoke of pungent odor pouring 
out of the back windows of the building, and there was 
quite a panic among the residents of the network of 
small streets In rear of the building. The loss is esti- 
mated at about .$500. but the damage done in the labora- 
tory will seriously interfere with class work for some 
little time. 

H. C. UL,AIR DBAD. 

Philadelphia. Jan. 12.— Henry C. Blair, the well-known 
druggist, died yesterday morning at his home, Edgewater 
Park, N. J., after a lingering illness from Brlght's dis- 
ease, aged fifty-six years. 

Mr. Blair was born In this city on December 27, 1844, 
In the building on 'Eighth and Walnut streets, where 
his business Is now conducted. Upon his graduation from 
the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, in 1866, Mr. Blair 
formed a partnership with his brother, which continued 
until 1S!)3. The deceased continued the management of 
the original store at Eighth and Walnut streets, and his 
brother, Andrew, then opened a new store at Nineteenth 
and Walnut streets. In 1896 Mr. Blair purchased the 
drug store at Twelfth and Spruce streets. 

Before taking up his residence at Edgewater Park 
Mr. Blair resided at No. 3302 Arch street. While a resi- 
dent here he was an active member of the Princeton 
Presbyterian Church. He is survived by his widow and 
two children. His son, Henry C. Blair. 3d. is a member 
of the firm. 

The funeral will take place from his late residence. 
at Edgewater Park, Thursday afternoon, and interment 
will be made in this citv. 



P. A. R. D. NOTES. 

Philadelphia. Jan. 12. — The newly elected Executive 
Committee of the P. A. R. D. met last Tuesday for or- 
ganization and arranging for local work. J. C. Perry 
was unanimously re-elected chairman and J. Eppstein 
was made assistant chairman, a new office. The fourth 
Tuesday of every month was appointed for the regular 
meeting of the committee. A decided innovation in the 
management of local work was Inaugurated; henceforth 
the city will be divided Into seven sections and a mem- 
ber of the Executive Committee will be in charge of 
each. By this plan the work of the Ward Chairmen will 
be done under the immediate supervision of a responsible 
head, who will select his own chairmen and who will 
be responsible for their work, thus doing away with 
the old method whereby there was no particular respon- 
sibility for any one. 

President-elect Rumsey is busy appointing his stand- 
ing committees, and these will be announced In the near 
future. The Entertainment Committee who will have 
ch.'irge of the progressive euchre to be given in the near 
future are Messrs. D. M. Harris. J. G. Howard. C. W. 
Shull. J. M. Baer. E. T. Spencer. W. H. Laubach. W. 
W. Chalfant. Chas. Leedom. S. Henry, H. J. Batdorff 
and N. F. Weisner. 



being received by the interested parties with great com- 
placency. Several summons have been Issued, but no 
one acquainted with the nature of the move looks upon 
It as anything but shrewd advertising. Counsel have 
been engaged by the P. A. R. D. to defend such of their 
members as are summoned. For some time pa.st Mr. 
Loder has displayed conspicuously a sign In his window 
calling attention to the fact that he has been singled out 
by the druggists' a.ssoclations because he would not com- 
ply with their demands. 

W. Robertson, late of Rollins' pharmacy. Second and 

Wharton streets, has succeeded to C. H. Scheuhing at 
Sixth and McKean streets. Other changes are as fol- 
lows: Mr. Davis has purchased the store at Franklin 
street and Columbia avenue formerly owned by Mr. 
E\enson: J. E. Hertel has bought' W. H. Crane's store 
at Thirteenth street and Snyder avenue; W. Semple, 
lately head clerk with W. J. Jenks, has gone Into busi- 
ness for himself at Thirtieth and Diamond streets; II. 
Marsden has purcha.sed the drug store ot the late Robert 
Maris from his estate. 

H. Volkmar. 'Baltimore and \\'ashlngton representa- 
tive of Johnson & Johnson, was In this city a few days 
ago. and reports the demand for J. & J.'s goods as being 
quite up to the mark. Another of the J. & J. staff Is 
soon to take on the pleasant bonds of matrimony. G. B. 
Gallon, city salesman, has announced that he will follow 
the example ot the "bashful Swisher" and that she will 
l>e a widow. He means that she Is a widow, unless he 
intends to die as soon as he takes out life Insurance- 
and thus get a tombstone. 

Drug Clerk George Saybolt, employed by Mrs. E. 

Kusenberg at Jasper and Huntington streets, was found 
dead In his room yesterday morning. The room, which is 
over the store, was found filled with gas and this was 
still escaping through the fully-opened stopcock. Death, 
due to illuminating gas, is believed to have been acci- 
dental. Mr. Saybolt had been unwell for some time and 
had not come down for duty in the store since Wednes- 
day evening. 

Owing to the proposed Improvements of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad office buildings. C. A. Eckels has been- 
forced to vacate his Fifteenth and Market streets store, 
and is now located at No. 4 South Penn Square. It is 
doubtful whether the hustling little man of many stores 
will be content with the change and new developments' 
are looked for. 

The match games of the Philadelphia Bowling League 

will commence in earnest within a few days. Temporary 
alleys have been secured at Fifth and Chestnut streets, 
opposite the State House, and meanwhile the various 
teams are practicing with great vigoi'. Some phenomenal 
scores are looked for at the opening game, either high or 
low. 

. Thirteen Wilkesbarre druggists were fined Friday for 

non-display of their registration certificates. Very little 
was heard during the week of local cases, the matter 
being at present at rest. 



XOTES. 

The suits of C. G. Loder against the members of the 

P. A. R. D. and local members of the N. W. D. A. are 



Sponju^es. 

One of the most Important branches ot Smith, Kline 
& French's wholesale drug business is their Sponge iL- 
paitr.ient. under the management Df Mr. A'.bert Hart. 
They do all their own bleaching, and have an enviable 
reputation for, the superior quality of bleached Sheep's 
Wool Sponges which they send out. In bleaching Sponges 
they endeavor to retain the strength of the spon,i<e by 
avoiding the use of stronger acids than is necessary, and 
they never bleach a sponge of weak fibre. Mr. Hart s 
father Is their foreign buyer. He resides in London and 
selects from the importations received there the finest- 
specimens for shipment to Philadelphia. Mr. Hart, Sr.. 
by the way, was one of the first In the sponge business 
in London. Not long since Smith, Kline & French Co. 
had an exhibit of Mandruka Bath Sponges in New York. 
This exhibit was very successful from a business point 
of view, and the entire lot was sold to a few parties. 
They guarantee every sponge of the Mandruka variety 
they sell and customers are given the privilege of re- 
placing without expense any sponge that they find to be 
defective. 



January 17, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



7S 



BALTIMORE. 



DRiG trade: bowlkks. 

Baltimore, Jan. 11.— The prize bowling- of the Baltimore 
Drug Trade Club progresses without interruption. Last 
Tuesday evening James Ba ly & Son toolt three games 
from Muth Bros. & Co. and yesterday Sharp & Dohme 
encountered McCormiclt & Co.. with the result that the 
former won two and lost one game. These three con- 
tests must be numbered among the most exciting and 
spirited which have taken place this ' winter. Both 
teams made good scores, and their respective leaders 
piled up extraordinary totals. Thus Smuck. of McCor- 
mick & Co.. in the first game.-secureii 22(1 points and set 
the alley wild. Kornmann. of Sharp tit Dohme, was not 
far behind him. however, rolling up an aggregate of 2ns 
points in the second contest. Both men were respectively 
high score and high average bowlers for their teams and 
fairly earned the honor. The totals for the three games 
were; Sharp & Dohme. 7<12. .S65 and 74.t: McCormick & 
Co., l-i'.i. I'M and 714. Tuesday's scores were: James 
Baily & Son, (»4, tiSO and 77.S: Muth Bros. & Co., nlH. 64(i 
and <>tl. These contests leave the several teams in the 
following positions; 

Games Games Per 
Teams: \Von. Ix>st. Cent. 

Root and Herbs li! 5 .762 

Sharp & Dohme Hi ,S .667 

McCormick & Co 16 8 .667 

James Bailv & Son 16 8 .667 

Winkelmann & Brown Drug Co 7 17 .293 

Muth Bros. & Co 7 17 .293 

Parke. Davis & Co 2 19 .095 

As stated some time ago. the various teams of the 
club agreed at the beginning of the season that the 
latter should be divided into three parts and that at the 
expiration of each part handicaps should tie placed upon 
the leaders amounting to half their advantage over other 
teams, as determined by averages. These handicaps, 
have been made up and are as follows; 

» S ^ ^^ g S 

■S O 3 = K^ 

R= I M Q3 ^ ~ 

Teams Allowing Han- — x ~ ^ § ^- i 

dicaps. z_ ■< : - ST 



Root and Herbs 2 


10 


14 


43 


48 


49 


Sharp & Dohme 


8 


12 


41 


46 


47 


McCormick & Co 




4 


33 


.38 


39 


James Baily & Son... . 






29 


34 


3,T 


Winkelmann & Brown 












Co 








o 


6 


Muth Bros. & Co 










1 



of proprietaries are estopped, under the N. A, R. D. 
plan, from selling to the company. 

Chemical Society BleetH Offlcem. 

Baltimore. Jan. 13.— At the annual meeting of the 
Washington Chemical Society, which took place last 
week, officers were elected as follows: President, V. K. 
Chestnut, a former vice-president; vice-presidents, W. F. 
Hillebrand and F. K. Cameron; secretary, L. S. Munson; 
treasurer, F. P. Dewey. The officers, together with H. 
N. Stokes. H. C. Bolton, E. E. Ewell and L. M. Tolman. 
will constitute the Exe<utive Committee for the ensuing 
year. President Chestnut was named as the vice-presi- 
dent from the Chemical Society in the "Washington Aca- 
demy of Sciences. The chair was authorized to appoint 
a special committee to arrange for a social session in' 
February. 

The Spirit of Impro%'enieut .\hroa(l. 

Baltimore. Jan. 12— The spirit of improvement seems 
to be abroad among Baltimore retail druggists, and 
preparations are being made for an unusually aggressive 
soda water campaign. A number of pharmacy proprietors 
have installed or are about to instal new fountains, and 
a considerable amount of money has lieen invested in this 
way. Among the retailers in line with progress are 
Samuel Y. Harris & Co.. Lombard and Poppleton streets; 
W. C. Field. Pikesville. Baltimore County; W. L. Camp- 
bell & Co., Park and North avenues; Theodore Smith, 
Pennsylvania and Lafayette avenues. 



A Cure for tlie <irip. 

Just now, when an epidemic of grip is raging in nearly 
all parts of the country, druggists should remember that 
a pure alcoholic stimulant is nearly always required in 
the treatment of this disease, and in this connection 
should bear in mind the claims made regarding Duffy's 
Pure Malt Whiskey, which is advertised as "the only 
whiskey taxed by the Government as a medicine." The 
manufacturers make the statement, and back it with 
numerous testimonials from chemists, physicians and pa- 
tients, that this article is not only an absolutely puro 
medicinal whiskey, entirely free from fusel oil or other 
deleterious ingredients, but that experience has proved it 
to be of itself an almost infallible cure for the grip. It i3 
stated that by its use thousands of cases of this insidious 
and alarming disease have been cured. Times without 
number druggists are asked to express an opinion as to- 
what is the purest whiskey for medicinal purposes; and 
also to recommend something for the grip. The manufac- 
turers of Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey will be pleased to- 
furnish complete information regarding their excellent 
product, as well as valuable counter advertising matter, 
to help promote its sale, to any druggist who will write a 
postal asking for the same. Address The Duffy Malt 
Whiskev Co.. Rochester. X. Y. 



CO-OPER.VTIVE PIRCHASIXG. 

Baltimore. January 11. — Active steps are being taken 
to put into effect the plan of co-operative buying con- 
templated by a number of druggists in this city, and with 
that end in view quarters have, it is said, been secured on 
South Gay street, where stocks of proprietaries will be 
kept on hand for the benefit of the members of the or- 
ganization, which was formed two years ago as the Cal- 
vert Drug Company, but remained quiescent until re- 
cently, when the membership was considerably enlarged 
and arrangements w-ere made for putting the plan into 
practical operation. The promoters of the idea are very 
sanguine of success and expect to reap material bene- 
fits, besides beating the cutter at his own game. Manu- 
facturers and jobbers and the majority of retailers on 
the other hand, entertain different views. They point 
out that a large capital is required to conduct any busi- 
ness advantageously, and that the resources of the Cal- 
vert Drug Company hardly suffice to lay in adequate 
stocks of all the goods needed and in such quantities as 
will enable the purchaser to obtain the usual trade dis- 
counts. Furthermore, it is pointed out that the members 
of the company, through their affiliation, virtually lose 
their identity as retailers and become wholesalers. Their 
intention being admittedly to furnish goods to retailers 
below jobbers' prices, it is argued, the manufacturers 



.V AVonderful Offer. 

The Standard Pharmacal Co.. 140 Nassau street. New 
York, make a proposition to the retail druggist that is 
startling. They give a quantity of standard make nipples 
free and claim that their plan of advertisement not only 
sells their product, the Standard Juno Brand Pills, but 
advertises vour store at the same time. Their plan 
affords a net profit of $1.60 on a *2 sale. See their adver- 
tisement on another page and write for particulars. 



The Zeno Manufacturing Company are doing active 
and intelligent work in placing their Automatic Chew- 
ing Gum Machine in more and more drug stores every 
month. This is a little machine which might be said to 
work while you sleep. It requires no particular care, 
except to keep filled: this done and the machine placed 
in a prominent and easily accessible location in or near 
the store, the pennies will come to it and you will be 
surprised to see how quickly it will pay for itself. You 
can get one of these machines free with a thousand 
penny pieces assorted Zeno Chewing Gum. They furnish 
seven flavors. The price of the outfit complete is SS.00 
and Gum to refill is furnished at 55 cents a box. The 
Gum is for sale by all jobbers, but we advise every re- 
tailer looking for some device of this sort to increase ^his 
sales to correspond with the Zeno Manufacturing Co., 
Chicago. III. 



76 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17, 1901. 



DETROIT. 



TO AMKNU THK PHARMACY I, AW. 

MlchtK^n IJrilKBUta Will Work for Iniportnnt 
Clianj^ef). 

Detroit. Jan. 12.— There will be a meeting of the Legi.s- 
latlve Comml'Mee of the Michigan State Pharmaceutical 
Association at Lansing next Tuesday. Messrs. Seeley and 
Mann will represent Detroit. At the meeting it will be 
decided, among other things, whether or not the pro- 
posed amendment to the State Pharmacy law will be 
presented to the Legislature now in session. 

In anticipation of the necessity for such an amend- 
ment to the pharmacy law, a report was drawn up and 
submitted to the State meeting, held at Grand Rapids 
last August H. 15 and 16. That report as accepted by 
the meeting is as follows, and will be the one presented 
to the Legislature in case the Legislative Committee 
so decide: 

The following is the proposed bill as amended: 

A BILL 

To amend sections three. Hve. six, nine, ten eleven and 

eleven-a of Act number one hundred and thirty-tour 

of the public acts of eighteen hundred and e'glity- 

five entitled, "An act to regulate the practice of 

pha'rmacy in the State of Michigan,'' as amended b> 

act number one hundred and ninety-six of the public 

acts ot eighteen hundred and eighty-seven. 

The People ot the State ot Michigan enact: 

Section l.-That sections three five. six. nine^ ten 

eleven and eleven-a of act number one hundred and 

thirtv-four ot the public acts of eighteen hundred and 

eighty-five, entitled. "An act to regulate the Practice 

of pharmacy in the State ot Michigan," as amended by 

act number" one hundred and ninety-sjx of the public 

acts o£ eighteen hundred and eighty-seven be and the 

same are hereby amended so as to read as follows: 

Section 3.— The president, secretary and treasurer, and 
other members of the board shall receive the amount of 
their traveling and other expenses incurred in the per- 
formance ot their official duties, and shall also receive 
the sum of three dollars for each day actually engaged 
In such ofBcial service. . . „>,„ 

The board shall appoint an assistant secretar> who 
shall be the clerk of the board, but who shall not be a 
member of the board, and who shall be a full registered 
pharmacist, whose duties shall be Pr-^^^'^f '-y ^?^ 
board, and who shall receive a salary to be Axed by the 
board The board may employ an attorney or agent to 
Investigate alleged violations, and who shall receive such 

compensation as shall be tixed by the board. Said 

salaries per diem and expenses shall be paid from the 
fees received under the provisions of this act. All moneys 
received in excess of said per diem allowance and other 
expenses above provided for shall be paid into the State 
treasury at the end of each year, and so much thereof 
as shall be necessary to meet the current expenses of 
said board shall be sub.ieet to the order thereof if in 
any year the receipts of said board shall not be equal 
to its expenses. The board shall make an annual report 
and render an account to the board of State auditors, 
and to the Michigan Pharmaceutical Association of all 
moneys received and disbursed by it pursuant to this act. 
Section 5.— No person other than a licentiate in phar- 
macy shall be entitled to registration as a pharmacist, 
except as provided in section four. Licentiates in phar- 
macy shall be such persons, not less than eighteen years 
of age who shall have passed a satisfactory examina- 
tion touching their competency before the Board ot 
Pharmacy. Every such person shall, before an examina- 
tion is granted furnish satisfactory evidence that he has 
served a proper apprenticeship in a retail pharmacy or 
college of pharmacy, or both; is of temperate habits, and 
pay to the board a fee of five dollars. The said board 
may grant certificates of registration without further ex- 
amination to the licentiates of such other boards of 
pharmacy as it may deem proper upon a payment ot 
a fee of five dollars, and every subsequent examination 
a fee of three dollars. 

Section 6.— The said board may grant, under such rules 
and regulations as it may deem proper, at a tee not 
exceeding three dollars, the certificate of registered as- 
sistants to such persons not less than sixteen years ot 
ag, who shall pass a satisfactory examination touching 
their competencv. before the Board ot Pharmacy, but 
such certificate shall not entitle the holder to engage in 
business on his own account, or to take charge of or 
act as manager of a pharma.cv or drug store. 

Section 9.— Any proprietor of a pharmacy who. not 
being a registered pharmacist, shall fail or neglect to 
place in charge of such pharmacy a registered phar- 
macist or any proprietor of a pharmacy who shall, by 
himself or any other person, permit the compounding or 
dispensing of prescriptions, or the vending of drugs, 
medicines or poisons, in his store or place of business, 
except by or in the presence of and under the super- 
vision of a registered pharmacist, who shall take charge 
of or act as manager of such pharmacy, drug store or 



general store where drugs are kept for sale, or who. not 
being a registered pharnMclst or reglsterefl assistant, 
shall retail, compound or dispense drugs, medicines or 
poison; anv person exposing his <>rtincate in a place 
of business where the said person has no charge 
or supervision ot the place, thereby misleading the 
nubile shall, after hiiving been notified by the Board 
of Pharmacy to remove said certincate. tailing to remove 
the same within ten days from the date notice was sent, 
be deemed guiltv ot misdemeanor as under Section ». 
Pharmacy Law. 'For anv proprietor permitting the viola- 
lion of this section bv any other person selling, or hav- 
ing for sale or giving away In his place of business, 
anything but the specified articles in Section 10. shall 
be"alike liable as the offender; or any person violating 
anv other provisions of this act to which no other penalty 
is "herein attached, shall be deemed guilty of a misde- 
meanor and for every such offense, upon conviction 
thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than 
twenty-five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars, 
and costs of prosecution, and in default of payment 
thereof shall be imprisoned in the county jail not l^s 
th&n ten days nor more than ninety day.s or both such 
line and Imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. 

Section in.— Nothing in this act shall apply to, or In 
anv manner interfere with, the business of any practicing 
ph'vsician who does not keep open shop for retailing. 
dis"pensing or compounding of medicine and poisons to 
others than his own patients, or prevent him from sup- 
ijlying to his patients such articles as may seem to him 
proper. Nor with the selling by any retail dealer of 
patent or proprietary medicines or drug, or of drugs 
Jnedicines. chemicals, essential oils, extracts, tinctures 
and medicinal preparations which are put up m bottles 
boxes or packages, bearing labels securely affixed which 
labels shall bear the firm name of the registered phar- 
macist or wholesale druggist, and the nanie of the regis- 
tered pharmacist or a registered private mark. Indi- 
cating the registered pharmacist under wb"se supervision 
the sime is put up. the dose that may be administered 
oaduU persons, and if a poison, the name or names of 
the most common antidotes; nor w'th the seiung by an> 
per.son of copperas, borax, blue yifiol .sal peter, spices, 
sulphur, brimstone, quinine, quinine pills, hcorice sage, 
.senna leaves, castor oil. sweet oil. spirits of turpentine, 
spirits of camphor, glycerine. Glauber s salts. Epsom 
salts, camphor gums, cream of tartar, bl-carbonate of 
-.nda Paris green, nor with the exclusively, wholesale 
buslAes^ of any dealer: Provided, That all articles herein 
exempted and classified in the Poison Act No....... 

Section .... of the laws ot .as poisons, must be 

prSperly labeled with prescribed POiso"^'?-''^!. .bearing 
caution mark and giving antidotes, labels bearing the 
name of rirm making sale: And provided further. That 
the above mentioned registered private mark to be used 
for the personal signature of a registered pharinacist 
must be submitted to the secretary of the Board ot 
PharmacN together with name of registered pharmacist. 
Jo whom- "it applies b- the firm making the application 
and if found in good standing, shall }^^'^°l^^'^J°l 
.s-ole use of applicant, and if at any time there is a 
change made in the registered pharmacist conducting 
the pharmaceutical department of applicant, the change 
shall be brought to the notice of the secretary of the 
board of pharmacy, whose duty it shall be to cancel the 
record pertaining to the case specified, and register the 
pri^^ate mark, together with new. name of a registered 
pharmacist presented by applicant, if said registered 
pharmacist" il found in good standing. Any person or 
firm violating the provisions of this section shall be 
deemed suiltv of a misdemeanor, and for every con- 
viction of such offense shall be subject to same oenalties 
as attiached to violations under Section nine of this act. 



Section 11.— The sale of liquors for chemical, scientific, 
medicinal, mechanical or sacramental PVP?^51v /«nlnon 
gists and pharmacists who do not operate under a saloon 
license, shall be subject to the pharmacy law. and all 
such liquors sold by druggists or P»>a/">acists shall t^e 
for the purpose of this act. considered as "JrufS, medi 
cines and for use in arts only, and the sale of the 
Same shall be subject to the same regulations and re- 
quirements as are herein contained relative to the dis- 
pensing of drugs, medicines and poisons and 'he c°m 
pounding of prescriptions, and no druggist or pharmacis^ 
not operating under sa oon icense shall be permittea to 
make anv display with liquors for attracting attention 
and creating demand for this line of goods. ^^-A;!"! /or 
every conviction for such an offense shall be subject to 
the "same penalties as attached to -"O'at'ons under Sec- 
tion nine of this act. It shall be.the duty of the Miehigan 
Board of Pharmacy, upon receiving bona fide informa- 
tion of any violation of the provisions of this aet relative 
to the sae of liquors by any pharmacist druggist or 
other person, to bring the offense, together with the 
information of any violation, to the notice of the prose- 
cuting attorney under whose jurisdicUon the vi.olation is 
committed, whose duty it shall be to cause an invest ga- 
i:on of such alleged violation, and if sutficient cM.i.Mic 
he obtained, to cluse the prosecution. ""<ler the genera 
liouor law of such pharmacist, druggist or other P.erson 
operating under the pharmacy law UPO" .eonvet on 
thereof the party so found guilty shall be subject to the 
penalties contained in the general liquor law ,'"1°^'" 
addition thereto, if the pers9n convicted shall be a regis- 
tered pharmacist or a registered assistant Pharmacist 
he may have his certificate of registration revoked b> 

the Board of Pharmacy. . y, y, .u^ Rr-oril nf 

Section 11a.— All expenses incurred by the Board ot 
Pharmacy in investigating and prosecuting such viola- 
tions of this act. relative to registration and the sale ot 



January 17, IQOI.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



77 



liquor, shall be paiii from the pharmacy fund, upon which 
the secretary of the Bnaril of Pharmacy may draw as 
needed for this purpose. 

.\ nil.I. FOR SHOK'IHCK IIOl KS. 

Detroit UruK" TlerkK Will AnU I.etiislji t ii re for 
Kvlief. 

Detroit. Jan. 11'.— A bill to regulate the number of 
hours it shall be lepal for a drug clerk to work has been 
prepared by the Detroit Drtis t^lerks' Association, and 
will soon be presetited to the L.egislature, now in session. 
The association addressed the State Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation at the last yearly meeting and enclosed a copy 
of a bill that Lhe>' jjroposed to present. They claim that 
the druggists "turned them down," and did not give the 
communication the attention it deserved. The following 
is a copy of that bill: 

AX ACT 
For the regulation of the working hours of Registered 
Pharmacists and Registered Assistant Pharmacists in 
cities of .">.("!() or more inhabitants. 
The people of the State of Michigan, represented in the 
Senate 'and House of Representatives, do enact as 
follows: 

Section ].— Xo registered pharmacist, or registered as- 
sistant pliarmacist employed in any pharmacy or drug 
store shall work more than ten hours in any one day: 
nor shall an>- owner or i>roprietor of any pharmacy or 
drug store require or permit any registered pharmacist 
or registered assistant pharmacist in his. lier. or its 
employ to work more than ten hours in an\' one day. 

The working hours per day shall be divided into turns 
of five consecutive hours each, and no registered phar- 
macist or registered assistant pharmacist shall work, or 
be required or permitted to work, more than two turns 
in the twenty-four hours. 

Nothing in this section shall prohibit the working of 
ten hours' overtime during any week for the purpose of 
making a shorter succeeding "week, provided, however, 
that the aggregate number of hours in such two weeks 
shall not exceed one hundred and forty hours. 

Section 2.— A failure to comply witli any of the pro- 
visions of this act sliall be deemed a misdemeanor, pun- 
ishable upon proper conviction thereof, by a fine not 
less than twent.^- dollars nor more than one hundred dol- 
lars: or in failure of payment of tine, imprisonment for 
not less than ten days, nor more than ninety days: or 
both fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the court. 

Section :!.— This act shiall apply to cities of 5,000 or 
more inhabitants. 

Section 4.— This act shall take effect immediately. 

Since that time the bo.vs have modilied the above a 
little, so that it is not exactly what they ask the people 
to enact, but in its essentials they say it is the same, 
the difference being "merel.v in the construction." 

In defense of their bill, the clerks say that the long 
'lours of labor do not merely demoralize themselves 
iiysiially. but that it con-titutes a menace to public 
-afety to have prescriptions put up by men so tired and 
worn out they hardly know their own names. They 
also contend that the long hours drive good men from 
the business, and that the average help employed in a 
drug store is inexperienced and incompetent. Wages, too. 
are very low. the average salary paid experienced men 
in Detroit being something less than $12 per week. Boys 
who have had a little experience in drug stores will 
work for S4 and jn a week, and as the.v are plenty, the 
good man. it is said, walks tar to find a place. The 
great increase in the sale of patent medicines has so 
changed the character of a druggist's business that he 
lannot afford to hire expensive men. It is said that 
only seven of the two hundred druggists in Detroit 
'■mploy more than one registered clerk. 

The druggists of the city generally are not alarmed 
at the stand the clerks have taken on tne sub.iect. They 
think the number of hours a clerk works is entirely a 
matter between him and his employer. They also say 
that were the law passed the first one to transgress It 
would be the clerk himself; that the strife for good posi- 
tions is such that a clerk would be perfectly willing and 
anxious to work overtime for the sake of keeping his 
place. They do not see how the law could be enforced, 
even were it passed. 



passed. The examinations were said to be unusually 
hard. The following Is the list of those who got through: 

Registered pharmacists— J. A. Bechard, Detroit; C. B. 
Ridlack. Three Rivers; W, B. Johnson, Howell; F. W, 
A. Xeuendort. Saginaw; B. E. Oatman. Avoca; L. J. 
O'Connor. Detroit: C, J, Tietz, Saginaw; R. 'Van Avery, 
Kulamazou; \V. J. Wilson, Detroit. 

Assistant Pharmacists— O. Arndt. Detroit; E. J. Belser. 
Detroit; A. M. Cooper, Linn; W. M, B'rank, Detroit; C. E. 
Haveland, Ann .\rbor; H. H. Menery. Yale; R. "W. Ren- 
ney, Detroit; J. C. Studley. Port Huron; G. G. Still- 
well, Ann Arbor: V. J. Tenkonohy. Detroit; A. L. Weeks. 
Detroit; H. F. Wolters, Detroit. 

The next meeting of the board will be held at Grand 
Rapids, March 5 and 6, 



TME NORTHWEST. 

UKl'U MAX AS MUXICIPAL, REXOVATOR. 

St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 11.— J. C. Eliel, of the Lyman- 
Eliel Drug Co., Minneapolis, and former president of the 
X. W. D. A., is one of the most public spirited citizens 
of his city, and has long been prominent and energetic in 
pretty much all the important movements there designed 
for the advancement of the city's interests. Mr. Eliel is 
now president of the Board of Trade and is organizing a 
committee of one hundred thoroughly representative busi- 
ness men who will give local politics and municipal affairs, 
their special attention. The committee will be non- 
partisan, and of its objects Mr. Eliel says: 

"We propose to have an organization of men who will 
feel a lively interest in municipal affairs. The idea is to. 
have a committee composed of representative business 
men who will at all times be willing and anxious to favor 
for public office men who are worthy and competent, 
whatever their political faith. The average man of busi- 
ness takes altogether too little interest in local politics. 
The good public official does not get much encouragement. 
A certain class of fault-finders grumble •whenever a pub- 
lic officer makes a blunder, but there are none to wait on 
him and commend and encourage him when he performs 
Ills duty well. The idea is to have an organization that 
will not only watch municipal affairs closely, but to see 
to the prosecution of corrupt officials. The idea is meeting 
with great favor among leading business men." 

Bl'LL. IX .\ (DRL'G) CHIXA CHOP. 

St. Paul. M-nn,. Jan. 11.— All kinds of excitement 
reigned for a short time a few days ago in what the 
country correspondent would style "this usually quiet vil- 
lage" of Iowa Falls. Iowa. A plate glass smasher got in . 
his spirited work in F. W. Gregory's drug store. D. * 
Mclntyre. whose mind was evidently unbalanced by ex- 
cessive drinking, and who for some time past had labored 
under the delusion that some one or something was 
smothering him. appeared in Gregory's store and declared 
his intention of annihilating Gregory, who, however, es- 
caped as soon as open hostilities were declared. Finding 
the object of his vengeance had flown. Mclntyre turnert 
his attention to the glassware and seizing a cuspidor 
proceeded to smash in the tops of the plate glass show 
cases, and four were destroyed before the man was 
ejected from the building. Even then he continued his 
glass-smashing crusade, and demolished two of the plate 
glass in the front door when he was overpowered and held 
until an officer arrived. Being lodged in the city jail, his 
mania for glass smashing continued, and every glass in 
the prison, as well as everything destructible in that 
structure, was smashed, and not until placed under the 
influence of opiates was Mclntyre quieted. He was taken 
to Eldor.a and placed in the count.v jail to await the action 
of the Grand Jury. 



THE DOARU OF PH-\HM.Vt'V. 

Detroit. Jan. 12.— At tlie examination held by the 
Michigan Board of Pliarmacy at Detroit January 8 and 
0, fifty-eight condidates put in an appearance. Thirty- 
eight of them were willing to be registered pharmacists, 
but only nine were successful. Twelve of the twenty 
who presented themselves to be assistant pharmacists 



\OTES. 

The P^xecutive Committee of the Xorth Dakota Phar. 

maceutical Association, at a recent meeting at Fargo, 
discussed matters of legislation in the pill-making busi- 
ness. At the last annual meeting a resolution was 
adopted asking the repeal of the druggist permit law. 
Every one thought it a bluff, but the druggists assert the 



/^ 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 17. K/Ji. 



association was In earnest, and the respectable contingent 
are becoming tired of having their legitimate business 
transformed Into a booze dispen.sar.v under the present 
prohibition law. Some find It remunerative, but the odium 
which attaches is so obnoxious to many that they desire 
a change. 

The (lay after his Inauguration Governor Van Sanl 

was waited upon by a committee of the Minnesota State 
Board of Pharmacy, which presented the names of Ave 
men recommended by the Stale Pharmaceutical Associ- 
ation for consideration in the selection of a new member 
of the jiharmacy board to succeed Ray Humlston. whose 
term is about to expire. The appointment will i)robably 
be made In a few days. The five names submitted were: 
Bay Humiston. Worthington: Juhii Neilson. Ortonviile; 
L. Trautman. Wabasha; Rolu-M l.amh. Mankato. and R. 
H. G. Netz. Owatonna. 

Successions: The Aloe & Penfold Co., Omaha. Neb.. 

by the H. J. Penfold Co., which has been incorporated 
with .?o(t.tiliO capital stock: G. S. Shimmlns. Buffalo. Minn.. 
by Shimmlns Bros.: J. H. Pickett. Oskaloosa. la., liy 
Weldon. Campbell & Co.: R. M. Johnson, Palou.se, Wash.. 
by Whittaker & Brandon: William Gausenitz, Owatonna, 
Minn., by Gausewilz & Christgan: A. V. Graves & Co.. 
Mclntyre, la., by R. A. Denton & Co. 

John H. Lindmark. a druggist of North Branch. Minn.. 

has filed a petition in bankruptcy. His liabilities are pui 
at $4,380.31. and his assets at ?10,33i70, of which .'f.j.S.j la 
xjlalmed exempt. 

J. C. Connolly, of Missoula. Mont., was in the city this 

week on his way to his old home In Iowa, where he will 
spend a vacation of two or three weeks. 
J. H. Harris, Davenport, la.; C. W. Hackett. Mara- 
thon, la., and Frank C. Cope. Bennett, la., have given bills 
at sale. 

S. G. Wright. Table Rock. Neb., has been burned out. 

The loss is between .$4,000 and $5,000, with $2,800 insurance. 

. Sold: Hutchinson & Son. Durand, Wis.; C. L, 

Schmidts, Union, Ore.; J. S. Kaplan, Rock Rapids, la. 



CHICAGO. 



Soda Fountains. 

The inexperienced dispenser usually has great difficulty 
in selecting a soda fountain. He is not helped much by 
the contradictory claims of the different manufacturers, 
and unless he goes into the matter deeply and becomes an 
expert himself, the best thing for him to do is to buy a 
fountain with a reputation and trust to the manufacturei- 
to give him the best bargain possible. In John Matthews' 
advertisement in this issue is said truly that a soda foun- 
tain is simply a machine, although it should be a money- 
making maciiine. A great deal of the expense goes for 
ornamentation, but the beauty of a Matthews fountain 
is all Intended to help to the money-making end. He also 
says in his advertisement that careful investigation will 
show that his prices are often lower than those of houses 
which endeavor to shut off investigation of his goods by 
alle.smg that his prices are too high. He makes fountains 
of all sizes and prices and of but one quality, and he 
furnishes catalogues and colored photographs free to 
prospective buyers. 

In this day of department stores where everything can 
toe bought from a house and lot to a tooth pick, and where 
patent medicines may be bought for less than they cost. 
or at least for less than the druggist has to pay for them. 
it is refreshing to find one dry goods store that adver- 
tises the fact that it will not sell drugs or medicines. 
"We refer to the advertisement of James A. Hearn & Son. 
in this issue. Hearn advertises to sell no drugs, groceries 
or liquors, and wants everybody to know that they sell 
overything in dry goods. In this way they make a bid 
for the dry goods trade of the retail druggist, and we 
must say we think they are entitled to it. 



The United Mining and Manufacturing Co.. Baltimore, 
Md., are said to be the largest miners and producers of 
Talcum Powder in the world. They have a new plant 
thoroughly equipped for the drug trade, and are pre- 
pared to furnish Talcum Powder of guaranteed quality 
and fineness by the bag, ton, or even car load. They 
request manufacturers and dealers who wish to put up 
their own Talcum Powder for the retail trade to write 
for samples and quotations. 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE N. A. R. D. MEETS. 

SterliiiK' Kenieily riiiiiiiaiiy l*re«eiitM a Cheelfc 
for J(t4,34a. 

Chicago. Jan. 12.— The Executive Committee of the 
National Association of Retail Druggists met In Chicago 
this week. The first session was held on Friday morn- 
ing. Those present were Messrs. Anderson, Wooten, 
Jones, Holllday, Perry, Prall, De Lang. Tlmberlake and 
Heller. The detail work of organization was taken up, 
the committee noting the good ijrogress of organization 
in all parts of the country since the Detroit meeting. 
Since that meeting the affairs of the association have 
been In the hands of the Executive Committee and the 
various local afllliated bodies, and it is found that mat- 
ters are progressing as successfully, but not quite so 
rapidly, as desired. There are many encouraging In- 
stances of the stability of the tripartite agreement and 
evidence of co-operation on the part of jobbers and pro- 
prietors, and a number of the latter, having evinced a 
decided desire to come into the tripartite agreement, 
have been received and put on the list. 

The best manner of proceeding to increase the num- 
ber and strength of local aflSliated bodies was discussed, 
and a plan of State organization was outlined whereby 
it is hoped to have every druggist in every State a mem- 
ber of some local or State organization affiliated with the 
N. A. R. D. This work will begin at once in Indiana, 
and will be pushed with the greatest energy to such an 
extent as the funds of the association will permit. 

Besides these organization methods directly under the 
control of the Executive Committee, local associations 
in the several large cities are very largely extending the 
scope of the work. 

A representative of the Phenyo-Caffelne Company ap- 
peared before the committee and outlined the company's 
plan for overcoming the cut rate evil and gave evidence 
of the satisfactory working ot the plan. The Executive 
Committee adopted a resolution approving of the plan 
just referred to and expressed the approval of the as.-o- 
clation in the matter of the company's efforts in the 
interests of the retailers and calling the attention of 
affiliated bodies to the plan with the request that they 
make such use ot It as conditions in the various s?ctlons 
shall permit. 

Invitations were received from Milwaukee. Put-in-Bay. 
Pittsburg. Buffalo and other cities to hold the next 
meeting of the association in the respective cities, but no 
definite decision was reached. Buffalo seemed to be most 
favored it proper accommodations can be arranged. 
The meeting will probably be held early in October. 
Action was taken looking toward more aggressive 
work to bring about more definite results in the applica- 
tion of the tripartite agreement. Many local associa- 
tions reported having followed the instructions ot the 
N. A. R. D., complying with the directions under section 
B adopted at Detroit, and action was taken to afford such 
associations the fullest protection possible under the 
agreement. 

The National Card System, which had been agitated as 
a means of protection to retailers, and the adoption or 
rejection of which was referred to the Executive Commit- 
tee, was found not to be in operation in all sections and 
it was decided not to ask any one to put it in operation. 
On Friday afternoon the Executive Committee in a 
body attended the meeting of the Chicago Retail Drug- 
gists' Association, a report of which will be found fn 
another column. 

THAT DINNER. 
On Friday evening the Sterling Remedy Company ten- 
dered a dinner to the Executive Committee at the Chi- 
cago Athletic Club, .\mong those present were Messrs, 
Kramer. Schanz, Lord and Thomas, of the Sterling 
Remedy Company, the members of the Executive Com- 
mittee, including Secretary Wooten and Treasurer Heller 
and G. P. Engelhard. After the very excellent viands 
and still more excellent wines had been disposed of. when 



January 17, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



79 



■coffee and cigars were in order, Mr. Kramer announced 
the main purpose of the dinner, wlilch was to afford a 
fitting opportunity to turn over to Treasurer Heller of 
the N. A. R. D. a check in accordance with the offer 
made at Detroit by the Sterling Remedy Company and 
there accepted by the association to turn over to the 
N. A. R. D. one dollar out of every ten dollar or more 
•order received by the company between October 13 and 
December l.'i, lOtHt. He thereupon handed Treasurer 
Heller amid much applanse a check for .'i!4,.'!41'. being the 
amount due under the terms of the offer for the sixty 
<iays specified and live days more added for good measure. 
A report was read showing just how the orders came in. 
the places from whence they came and what cities and 
houses and what salesmen achieved the distinction of 
sending in the largest number of orders. 

All the members of the company made speeches and 
the generosit.\' of the company was gratefully acknow- 
ledged by each member of the Executive Committee in 
turn. After every one had freed his mind the party 
adjourned. 



C. R. D. A. MEETS. 

All liitereNtiiig' and liiiportuiit Meeting'. 

Chicago. Jan. 11. — Although the day was stormy, wet 
and cold about seventy-five members of the Chicago Re- 
tail Druggists' Association assembled in room 512, Ma- 
scnic Temjjle at the first quarterly meeting of the asso- 
ciation for the new year. The following call had been 
previously sent out: 
To the Druggists of Chicago: 

The first quarterly meeting of the Chicago Retail 
Druggists' Association for the year 1901 will be held 
jn Ritom ."ili: Ma.«')nic Temjile. Friday afternoon. January 
11. at 'i.lin o'clock, sharp. 

Inasmueli as the Kxecutive Committee of the National 
Association of Retail Druggists will attend this meeting 
in a body, every druggist in Chicago is cordially urged 
to be present. The members of the National Committee 
are practical retail druggists who. in their respective 
■cities, are contending with exactly the same difficulties 
that confront us. Thej' have no theories to advance; 
they will talk with us about what they have done in 
their own cities and what the National Association 
has done and expects to do for the retail trade of the 
country. 

The actual money benefit that has resulted from or- 
ganization in Chicago will be testified to by representa- 
tive druggists from various parts of the city. The ques- 
tion "What has the C. R. D. A. done?" will be answered 
by men whose business is more profitable to-day than 
it has been for years, as the result of compact or- 
ganization. 

Over their signatures, the wholesale druggists have 
indorsed our plans, because they know that this work, 
by helping the retailers, will make their own business 
niore profitable. 

In Philadelphia. Minneapolis and other cities the plan 
upon which we are working is already a pronounced suc- 
cess. In Boston the newspapers refuse to print the ads. 
of dealers who offer proiirietary goods at prices which 
yield no profit. If the druggists of Chicago are in 
earnest, results even greater than these can be accom- 
plished here. 

Don't make any other engagement for Friday after- 
noon. This is a matter of dollars and cents to you 
personally. Come to the meeting, and let us talk over 
the results that have been accomplished in Chicago and 
elsewhere and perfect arrangements for making our 
business pay better during the comiixg year, 

THOS. V, WOOTEN, Secretary. 
GEO. A. GRAV1E3S. President, 

1.53 La Salle Street. 

President Graves called the meeting to order. After 
reading the minutes of the previous meeting the presi- 
dent read the reports of the October and November 
■meetings of the Executive Committee of the association, 
which, on motion, were approved. 

Chairman John I. Straw, of the Committee on Or- 
ganization, was next called upon and made his report. 
He stated that satisfactory local organizations had been 
formed in eleven of the districts into which it had been 
found expedient to divide the city, and that the work 
■was being pushed as rapidl,\' as the united efforts of the 
committee and Organizer Prouty could accomplish it. 
Many difficulties had been encountered, due almost wholly 
to the indifference and pessimism of the druggists them- 
selves. It had been found that the work could not be 
done in the time in which it was at first thought it could 
■be accomplished. The difficulties were greater than it 
■had been supposed they would be. but even these would 
■yiflrl and tvere yielding to the persistent pressure of 



conscientious effort and hard work. Wherever organiza- 
tions had been made and the price list put into effect the 
druggists were more than satisfied. In almost every case 
they found their profits increasing from 10 to 15 and 
sometimes 20 per cent. Mr. Straw called upon several 
members of the various local organizations, who verified 
his statements and declared that their organizations were 
of practical benefit and put money into the pockets of the 
members. Mr. Straw read a signed statement by all 
the wholesale druggists of Chicago giving their endorse- 
ment to the plan of local organization and uniform price 
lists and advising their customers to form such organiza- 
zations. 

The members of the Executive Committee of the Na- 
tional Wholesale Druggists' Association were next intro- 
duced and each responded in a brief talk. 

President Anderson of the N. A. R. D. made a strong 
speech in which he explained the methods pursued and 
the results accomplished by the druggists of Greater 
New York. Mr. Holliday's talk was of a more general 
nature, outlining the results achieved in several localities 
and proving beyond question that the plans of the N, A. 
R, D. are practical. Mr, Jones, of Louisville, described 
the conditions existing in his city and in Richmond, Va., 
in both of which places price cutting has been abolished 
through the action of local associations and the co-opera- 
tion of the National organization. Mr. Perry, of Phila- 
delphia, roused the enthusiasm of his auditors by his 
description of the vigorous methods pursued in Phila- 
delphia and the remarkable success which had attended 
the efforts of the Philadelphia druggists. All the de- 
partment stores have discontinued the sale of drugs and 
but one cutter remains and he is suing everybody in sight 
because he can't get goods. 

Mr. Prall, of Saginaw, voiced the record of success 
achieved in his own city. Mr. Timberlake. of Indian- 
apolis, facetiously observed, when called upon, that those 
who preceded him had shot off all his thunder and that 
his record was not that of an orator, anyhow, so he would 
content himself with expressing his most earnest good 
will and personal effort in other ways for the good of the 
cause, 

Mr, Heller, of St, Paul, treasurer of the N, A. R. D.. 
said that his position as the conservator of the funds 
suggested the oft-repeated saying that "money talks." 
He himself, he said, was not by nature a talker, but as 
treasurer of the N. A. R. D. his ear was attuned to hear 
the talking that money does and he hoped that every 
association would be prompt and generous in that style 
of oratory. 

Bruno Batt, of the Chicago Retail Druggists' Associa- 
tion, then moved that every member present step up and 
pay his dues. He himself set the example and was fol- 
lowed by others, 

A resolution was passed authorizing the appointment 
of a committee to interview the post office authorities 
with a view to the establishment of 300 extra sub-postal 
stations for the sale of stamps. 

On motion the meeting adjourned. 



Tlie Perfect Cellnlaiil Vnccinution Sliieltl. 

We introduce to the trade in this issue Bonnel's Per- 
fect Celluloid Vaccination Shield, a little article made of 
transparent celluloid and zinc oxide plaster. It is neat 
in appearance and very easy to attach, there are no 
cli'.msy strings to tie around the arm and stop the cir- 
culation, nor adhesive plaster bands to be adjusted. The 
celluloid guard is perforated to allow ventilation. They 
vetail for 15 cents and are sold to the retailer at a price 
that leaves him a good profit. A sample shield will be 
sent to any retailer who wants to see it before ordering, 
by addressing the manufacturers. The Perfect Celluloid 
Vaccination Shield Co., 01 BeekmJtn street. New York, 



to all 
with 



When handing your order for fine 
Medicinal Chemicals to the salesman who 
calls upon you, tell him to say to his house 
that you want N, Y, Q. and no other will do. 
A failure to respect your wishes should be 
followed by a prompt return of the goods 
substituted. This admonition is offered by 
the Netv York Quinine and Chemical Works 
good people who desire the best and are in sympathy 
the progressive policy of this energetic house. 




So 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



(Jamiarv 17, 1901. 



Ten IHilUon Readem. 

In the advertisement or the Charles Wright Chemical 
Co., Detroit. In this Issue, they make the startling state- 
ment that ten million readers of magazines are learning 
about Wright's Dtntomyrh Tooth Paste, and they natur- 
ally Infer that part of this large number of readers will 
call on the retail druggist for a sample of the Paste. 
If they are right, it behooves every careful buyer to 
have some in stock. They make a special offer for a 
brief period only of J2.00 per dozen, less 10 per cent.. In 
lots of three or six dozen, which Includes' an attractive 
glass show case, lithographs, booklets with druggist a 
Imprint, etc.. etc. Wright's Dentomyrh Tooth Paste ir 
a most delightful dentifrice, the manufacturers are adepts 
in the art of creating a demand, and it is thr^ir purpose to 
make this new Tooth Paste a staple article a- over the 
United States. 



Kickitiioo Indiun Medicines. 

In another column the Kickapoo Indian Medicine Co.. 
New Haven, Conn., announce that as they paid the stamp 
tax on their preparations and did not advance their prices 
to the retail druggists, there will be no change in their 
list when the tax is removed. The manufacturers of these 
remedies are in sympathy with the effort now being made 
by the trade to maintain full adverti.=ed prices of pro- 
prietary medicines, and announce that they will unite with 
all druggists in sympathy with this movement to bring 
about the desired result. They are spending thousands of 
dollars to create a demand for their goods and to bring 
customers tor Kickapoo Remedies into the retail store. 
They offer to supply freely books, paper dolls and other 
printed matter for distribution, it the druggist will only 
send for it. 



Four-Fold Liiniiuent. 

This preparation has been on the market for fifty 
years. It is the purpose of the present proprietors to 
secure for both the jobber and the retailer a fair re- 
muneration for their investment and labor. They believe 
the evil of cutting to be detrimental to the manufacturer's 
interests as well as to those of his customers, and Four- 
Fold Liniment will always sell at a profit in fair compe- 
tition with any other preparation in the market. In 
making the jobber's price list, room has been left for a 
good margin for the retailer, which can easily be ob- 
tained if the friends of fair dealing and honest methodr, 
will co-operate in this effort to put an end to the cutting 
of prices. Four-Fold Liniment is not sold to department 
stores nor to aggressive cutters where the fact is known. 



Reminston's Practice of Pharmacy. 

In the advertisement of J. B. Lippincott Co.. Phila- 
delphia, in this issue, they show a copy of Remington's 
Pharmacy, which has been constantly in use for four- 
teen years on the working counter of a retail druggist. 
The binding is gone, the pages are stained with tinc- 
tures and ointments, spattered with ink, and perforated 
with acids, and the whole book is begrimed with dirt. 
They offer a suggestion to this particular druggist that 
he give his old friend a rest and begin a new century 
by ordering a new book. He would get the new edition, 
containing new facts and up-to-date points. Remington's 
Pharmacy is as well known as the Dispensatory or even 
the Pharmacopoeia, and it has been said that there are 
as many copies in use. 



Booth's Fine Chocolates. 

A new advertisement on the back cover of this issue is 
that of W. I. Booth, manufacturing confectioner, Elmira, 
N. T. We always endeavor to secure advertisements in 
the Era which will be of benefit to our subscribers. In 
obtaining this new announcement of Booth's chocolates 
we believe we are placing before them a line of fine pack- 
age goods and bulk chocolates which if once tried will 
prove a valuable addition to their stocks. We know the 
goods are of the finest quality and will keep in good con- 
dition, and urge subscribers to write for prices and 
samples, which will b^ cheerfully furnished. Address W. 
I. Booth, Elmira, N. Y. 



INDEX TO THIS NUMBER. 

PAGE 

Argon and Companions B^ 

ASSOCIATIONS. CLUBS, ALU.MNI, Etc.— Kayonne. 
N. J., T2; Brooklyn College of Pharmacy Alumni, 
72; Chicago Retail Druggists. 79: Detroit Drug 
Citrk.-i, 77; Essex (;ounty, N. J.. 71; Hoboken, N. J., 
71; Kmgs County, N. Y., OH; National Association 
l-'etail Druggists, 7.S; New Jersey College of Phar- 
macy .\lumni, 72; New York College of Pharmacy 
.Alumni, 70, 71; New York Retail Druggists, 72; 
North Dakota, 77; Paterson, N. J.. 70; Philadelphia 
Retail Druggists. 74; Washington Chemical Society. 7.'> 
BOARDS OF PH.\RMACY.— Massachusetts, 73; Michi- 
gan, 77; Minnesota, 77; New Jersey, 72; New York 
Eastern Section, 70; New 'ifork State. "0; Pennsyl- 
vania "'> 

BOWLING. DRI'G TRADE.— Baltimore. 75; Boston. 

73, New York Retail Druggists, 71; Philadelphia... 74 
COLLEGES OF PHARMACY.-Brooklyn, 72; New 

York "- 

CORRESPONDENCE 60 

Cream, Cold 6» 

Dispensing Hints 05 

EDlTORI.\LS.— Index, Volume XXIV.. 58; Let Justice 
be Done. 38; Proposed Test of the State Pharmacy 

Law, 59; Tarrant Fire. 58; War Tax. Repeal 57 

Law. Pharmacy, Michigan, Proposed 76 

New York, Proposed Test 50 

Mixture, Chalk 66 

NEWS LETTERS.— Baltimore, 75; Boston. 73; Chicago, 
78; Detroit, 76; New York and Vicinity, 60; North- 
west. 77 ; Philadelphia 74 

Oils, Essential, Adulteration 6.^ 

Oxygen. Subcutaneously 66 

Pennsylvania State Board Prosecutions 60 

PERSONALS, Including Obituaries. Items of Interest, 
Etc.— Bacon Co., E. H., 72; Blair, Henry C, 74; 
Chadwick, James W., 73; Eliel, J. C. 77; Granville. 
Albert, 61; Iron City Drug and Chemical Co,, 61; 
Kiley, Daniel, 73; Kirby, W. R., 78; Larrabee. 
John, ("3; La Wall & Searles, 72; Michigan Drug 
Co., 70; National Guano Co., 73; Saybolt, Geo., 74; 

Sterling Remedy Co., 78; Tarrant & Co., 58 6i> 

Powder Papers, Waxed 66 

Stomachic 62 

Price Schedules, New York City 71 

Prices, Maintenance 62 

Shop Notes 6.> 

Shorter Hours, Michigan 77 

Stamp Tax, Repeal 57 

Suppositories, Molding 65 

Syrup Ferrous Iodide 66 

Hypophospliites, Compound 66 

Yerba Santa 86 

Tarrant Fire 58. 60 

Concentrated Fruit Syrups. 

A location in the middle of the greatest fruit country 
in America, a large modern plant with the latest appli- 
ances and the most improved facilities, enable Duroy & 
Haines Co.. Sandusky. O.. to produce fine wines and soda 
flavors as cheaply and as good as are produced by any 
lirm in the United States, if not in the world. They have 
a plant thoroughly equipped for the manufacture of con- 
centrated fruit syrups and crushed fruits, and it is their 
intention to get the drug trade of the country for this 
particular line. Tiiey announce in their advertisement in 
this issue that they can save money to those druggists 
who consider quality, and ask for correspondence in 
regard to prices and samples before orders are placed. 



7S Per Cent. Profit. 

This is a pretty large percentage of profit in these days 
of cut prices, but it is offered in the advertisement of J. 
P. Render, 206 Centre street, N. Y.. in this issue. To 
be exact, the profit is 77.8 per cent., or .?6.30 on an in- 
vestment of $S.10. in Floral Leaves Breath Perfume. These 
little tablets, also called Pressed Violets, are put up in 
aluminum boxes to retail for 10 cents a box. Mr. Bender 
is advertising them extensively and spending a. great deal 
of money to create a demand for them. They are kept 
in stock by jobbers all over the country. To druggists 
wh" have not yet sold them he will send a full-sized 
package free of charge 



The Pharmaceutical Era* 



EVERY THURSDAY. 



VOU XXV. 



NHW YORK, JANUARY 24, 1901. 



No. 4. 



Entered at the yew York Post Office a s Second Class Matter. 
ESTABLISHED 1887. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 

Published Every Thursday, at 396 Broadway, New York, 
BY D. O. HAYNES & CO. 



SIBSCRIPTION RATES: 

U. S.. Canada and Mexico $3.00 per annum 

Foreign Countries in Postal Union 4.00 per annum 



ERA "BLUE BOOK."— These Price List editions of the 
Era, issued in January and July, will be sent free to 
all regular yearly subscribers. 

ADVERTISING RATES ON APPLICATION. 



ADDRESS, The Pharmaceutical Era, 



Telephone: 2240 Franklin. 

Cable Address: "ERA"— New York. 



NIGTW YORK. 



SEE lyAST READING PAGE FOR COMPIyETE 
INDEX TO THIS NUSIBER. 

STAMP TAX REPEAL ENDANGERED. 

If the drug trade does not want to see all 
it has gained within the past few months lost 
entirely, it must arise and work every possible 
influence to induce the Llnited States Senate, 
especially the Finance Committee, which is pre- 
paring the War Revenue Tax Reduction bill, 
to introduce no bill which does not provide for 
the total repeal of Schedule B, relating to medi- 
cinal articles. As published in this paper last 
week, certain interests among propretary medi- 
cine manufacturers are working for the reten- 
tion of the tax, and during the past few days 
intelligence has come from reliable sources that 
they are quite likely to secure partial, or even 
total, compliance with their desires. These few 
proprietors are in direct opposition to the great 
body of proprietors, and especially the Proprie- 
tary Association of America, to say nothing- of 
the entire jobbing trade and the retail drug 
branch, which arc a unit in favor of the total 
removal of the tax. It has been announced 
that the Senate Finance Committee has de- 
parted somewhat from its original intention in 
framing the bill for the reduction of the war 
tax, and will, in all probability, present a bill 
providing for a horizontal tax throughout, and 
not for a total removal of tax from any par- 
ticular industry or interest. This means that 
the drug trade will get partial, not entire, relief 
unless it wakes up to the gravity of the situa- 
tion and develops sufficient strength to coun- 
teract the influence of the very few but powerful 
])roprietors alluded to. 



It is hard to speak in moderate phrases of 
the attitude of these few firms. They are ac- 
tuated by nothing but the most sordid and 
selfish motives. They took advantage of the 
imposition of the tax to raise the prices of their 
wares many times the cost of the stamps, and 
now they are willing and anxious to gain a 
continuance of this unjust profit and injure the 
entire trade. It is very gratifying, however, and 
speaks well for the proprietors as a whole, that 
the majority of them are unqualifiedly opposed 
to this position of their few selfish brethren. 
But when these few have lots of money and lots 
of influence ; can secure legal talent of a high 
order to represent them, the danger is great that 
they may be successful. 

That the situation is a grave one is evident 
from the fact that a powerful delegation from the 
Proprietary Association, the Wholesale Drug- 
gists' Association and the National Association 
of Retail Druggists visited Washington last 
week in an endeavor to counteract the influence 
brought to bear by these few firms, and which 
has developed, or at least come to notice, only 
within a very recent time. The favorable con- 
sideration given by the House of Representatives 
to the wishes of the drug trade was very en- 
couraging, and for several weeks it was believed 
that the Senate Committee's bill would be of 
the same sweeping nature as the House measure, 
which was passed, and the trade has been resting 
in a security which recent events have shown to 
be to some degree false It is time to wake up. 
Let your Senators know unequivocally that the 
ilrug trade in all its branches demands the re- 
moval of this onerous war ta.x upon medicines, 
and that the few selfish ones who are opposing 
its removal are actuated by motives which must 
not be recognized and allowed to perpetuate an 
injustice to the drug trade. 



PURE FOOD BILLS. 

Tn a large number of States, during this 
winter's sessions of the legislatures, will be, or 
already have been, introduced so-called pure food 
bills. Some of them are undoubtedly honest in 
motive, but just as unquestionably a large num- 
ber of them are introduced from ulterior mo- 
tives, and contain provisions calculated to ad- 
vance the interests of a certain few manufac- 
turers as against the public welfare and the in- 
terests of the great number of their business 
competitors. Those who are in favor of honest 
pure food legislation should scrutinize these bills 
verv carefullv, and if thev be found objectionable 



82 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 1901. 



and illy calculated to effect the good for which 
they were ostensibly framed, they should be 
opposed with all the influence that can be 
brought to bear. A wolf in sheep's clothing is 
notiiing in comparison with the mercantile in- 
terest which under the guise of philanthropy 
seeks its own selfish ends regardless of the ulti- 
mate effect upon the public weal, and frequently 
even knowing that this effect would be evil 
rather than good. Many of the pure food bills 
here alluded to are openly said to emanate from 
one side or the other in the bitter and acrimo- 
nious war between two rival baking powder inter- 
ests, which has l)een going on for many years. 
Neither one of these interests cares a rap about 
the public, but each would like to knock out the 
other, if it can be done by process of law and 
through a so'called pure food bill. 



SWINDLERS OF THE DRUG TRADE. 

During the ])ast few weeks information coir 
cerning a number of firms which are supposed 
to be operating fraudulently in the drug trade 
has come to our attention. For instance, last 
week we published a letter from Pittsburg show- 
ing up the operations of a so-called "Iron City 
Drug and Chemical Company." which was se- 
curing goods on the assumption of the victims 
that this concern was the reputable and well- 
rated Iron City Chemical Company. A couple 
of days ago word came from Pittsburg that the 
Albert Granville identified as the prime mover 
in this scheme, was supposed to be no other 
than the thief and swindler, Algernon Granville, 
whose arrest, conviction and imprisonment the 
Era secured early in 1899. Granville, it will be 
remembered, was photographed by the United 
States authorities and his picture published in 
the Era of February 16, 1899, and those inter- 
ested in the Pittsburg case can easily determine, 
by referring to this photograph, whether the in- 
dividual now suspected is the real "Algernon." 
He was sentenced in June, 1899, to serve six- 
teen months, and his sentence expired a few 
weeks ago. 

But perhaps one of the "nicest" schemes is 
that operated in Boston, and which is set forth 
in a letter of which the following is a copy, sent 
to physicians : 

Physician'.^ Exchange Boston. Mass. 
P. O. Box 2401. ' 

Boston. Mass.. June 1st. 1900. 
Dear Doctor: 

No doubt you are more or less annoyed by the sample 
evil. Long-winded agents waste your time 'spouting the 
virtues of their panaceas regardless of your comfort. 

We have no means of banishing the "culprits, but can 
turn this nuisance into a source of revenue for you. 

Pack their samples, small or large, we can use them 
all. and send them to us. We will immediately send 
check for the same. 

Strict privacy is one of the essentials of our business. 
and we ask you not to divulge our business to our 
friends the medicine drummers. 

Don't forget to put your address in the package 

In writing, address P. O. Box 2401, Boston, Mass. 

Send by the American Express. 
Tours truly. 

PHYSICIAXS' EXCHANGE. 

Here in New York there are several scoun- 
drels, some of whom have for years been swin- 
dling the drug trade, and chief among whom is 
Henry P. Crosher. Only a couple of weeks 



ago the trade was warned against A. Rosenthal, 
and a couple of notices were printed about the 
James Pharmcy, whose methods were open to 
suspicion. The Mount Vernon Chemical Com- 
pany c|uit a few weeks ago, and the Holtin 
Chemical Comi)any has just followed suit. 

All that can be done seems to be to warn 
the trade not to send goods to firms or individ- 
uals who are not willing or who refuse to give 
any satisfactory account of their financial re- 
s])onsibility. A favorite scheme of these swin- 
dlers is to adopt a title very similar to that of 
some reputable house, and trust to the liability 
on the part of their victims to confuse the one 
with the other. As a ride they make no pre- 
tensions of ability to pay, merely requesting that 
.goods be shipped. Once shipped and received 
by the swindler, no redress can be obtained, 
save judgment in civil suit, and usually the 
\ictim prefers to pocket his loss rather than 
prosecute, with no probability of being able to 
collect u]3on the judgment received. If any 
readers of the Era can give reliable information 
concerning the practices of any of those above 
mentioned, or others whom they believe to be 
frauds, they owe it to their fellow members of 
the trade to do so for mutual self-protection. 

W'e have received inquiries also concerning 
other firms, though up to the present have not 
learned enough about them to either stamp them 
as frauds or to relieve them from such an im- 
putation. A correspondent wants to know about 
the Johnson Laboratories, Fourth and Lombard 
streets, Philadelphia. He bou.ght a lot of pro- 
prietary medicines from them, exchangeable, 
and returned others to be credited, but the firm 
will not answer any letters, although our corre" 
spondent has the express receipts signed by one 
C. D. Johnson. 

Another operator is Wm. Annear, also of 
Philadelphia, at No. 1031 Chestnut street, and 
who uses quite an elaborate letter head, under 
which he asks for quotations on proprietary 
medicines, but does not give any information 
as to his ability and willingness to pay for them. 

THE TEST OF THE PLAN. 

The department and dry goods stores in this 
city have refused unqualifiedly to unite with the 
druggists in the movement for the increase of 
prices on medicinal proprietary articles, and the 
matter is now brought to a distinct issue. Will 
the retailers, the jobbers and the proprietors who 
have signed the tripartite N. A. R. D. agree- 
ment hold together and enforce the plan? Here 
is the chance, none could be better, to demon- 
strate its real strength. Ninety-eight per cent, 
of the retailers of Greater New York ask the 
jobbers and manufacturers to keep their prom- 
ises and refuse sales to the outsiders. \\'ill they 
do it? If they will, as every one believes they 
will, the fight is won, and the exclusive sale ol 
these medicinal preparations will return to the 
drug trade, where it legitimately belongs, and 
at better and uniform prices. A grand work 
has been accomplished in this city during the 



January 24, ujoi.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



83 



past few weeks in the way of organizing the 
retail druggists in the price schedule movement, 
and good faith alone is necessary to bring the 
long sought relief. If all stand firm in the tri- 
partite agreement, the day of the cutter and 
trade demoralizer is ended. 



BOOKKEEPING FOR DRUGGISTS. 

We have recently published two or three ar- 
ticles upon this subject, and they have attracted, 
as was expected, considerable interest and com- 
ment. We present in this issue another con- 
tribution from a practical druggist, who tells 
us in few words and shows graphically how he 
is able to determine at a glance the condition 
of his business by reason of a simple but effica- 
cious system of bookkeeping. Retail druggists 
as a class have long been characterized as poor 
business men, but we believe that this charge 
cannot be brought against so large a proportion 
of them as has been stated. There are a great 
many druggists who arc good business men, but 
unfortunately this fact does not become known 
outside of their own innnediate sphere of ac- 
tivity. We wish they would write to the Era 
concerning their methods. It will not injure 
them, but will do a great good to their brother 
druggists, who would like, but do not know 
how, to improve in this respect. We would like 
every druggist in the country who thinks he 
has a good method of bookkeeping to write it 
out as briefly as possible and send it to the 
Era for publication. 



MEDICINAL PLASTERS SUBJECT TO 
TAX. 

As related in our news columns last month, 
the J. Ehvood Lee Company, of Pennsylvania, 
brought two suits against the Collector of In- 
ternal Revenue to recover the war revenue tax 
paid on plasters, in the aggregate amounting to 
several thousand dollars. Last week an opinion 
was handed down from the United States Cir- 
cuit Court in favor of the defendant in both 
cases. The two actions were tried together 
without a jury. The judges held that the plas- 
ters are medicinal articles, and that being put 
up and advertised they are, under the last clause 
of Section 20 of the War Revenue act, subject 
to the tax in question. The schedule expressly 
mentions plasters, and the disjunctive qualifying 
phrases which follow are, with respect to the 
facts of this case, not operative. 

This litigation excited much interest among 
pharmacists, especially manufacturers, and many 
expert witnesses were called on each side. That 
section of Schedule B of the War Revenue law 
under which the decision is rendered reads (so 
far as plasters are concerned) as follows: "For 
and upon any packet. . . . containing any 
. . . . plasters . . . wherein the person 
making the same has or claims to have any 
private formula, secret .... claims, ex" 
elusive right or title ... or which are pre- 
pared or sold under any letters patent or 



trademark, or which .... are recom- 
mended .... as medicinal proprietary 
articles .... or specifies .... for 
any disease or affection whatever, etc." 

The law seems very explicit. If it were 
shown that the plasters in question were not 
made by any private formula, or sold under any 
trademark or patent, or that specific virtues were 
not claimed for them, then the plaintififs should 
win, but evidently the judge found that the 
goods could be classified in one or another of 
these categories, and ruled accordingly. 



THE DRUGGIST RESPONSIBLE FOR 
HIS OWN BURDENS. 

A correspondent in this issue does not hesi- 
tate to attribute to the druggist himself the 
burden of long hours, keeping open store on 
Sunday and other nuisances from which he suf- 
fers. He quotes also at length an article in a 
daily paper which tends unmistakably to sub- 
stantiate his position. Unquestionably the drug- 
gist is to a greater or less degree responsible for 
the impositions practiced upon him. He is re- 
sponsible because he allowed these things to 
commence and to be continued and increased. 
The druggist who first gave his patrons free use 
of the telephone, he who first included the sale 
of postage stamps as an accommodation to his 
customers, surely did not know to what an ex- 
tent and how general would grow these un- 
profitable and annoying side lines. Excess of 
competition among druggists is undoubtedly the 
cause of the long hours. Each druggist watches 
his competitor, and for the sake of a sale of 
an extra cigar or glass of soda water he will 
keep open a little longer. All this has had a 
cumulative effect, and has induced in the public 
mind the feeling that a druggist is but a con- 
venience in all respects. The public has natur- 
ally come to consider the drug store a place 
which must always be open. There are no valid 
reasons for the present conditions, and if the 
retail drug trade had backbone enough to stand 
together it would be the easiest thing in the 
world to establish early closing; to throw out 
the free telephone and directory, and to in- 
augurate a charge for telephone service and 
message carrying. We are very glad that at least 
one of these over-burdened druggists has his 
back up and is protesting vigorously. When the 
N. A. R. D. gets the cut rate evil remedied, let 
it tackle some of these minor but equally vexa- 
tious problems. 



LTGOSIN.4TE OF QUININK.— A new disinfectant, ob- 
tained by the action of quinine hydroctilorate on sodium 
lygosinate. It appears as a fine orange-yellow powder, 
with a feeble aromatic odor. It is soluble in water with 
difficulty, but more easily in alcohol (to the extent of 
1 part in 6.66 parts). Hot oil dissolves it to the extent 
of 5 per cent. It is readily soluble in chloroform, ben- 
zine, etc. Alkalies and acids decompose it. Heated on 
platinum foil, it burns without residue, e.xhaling an odor 
of bitter almonds.— (Nat. Dr.). 



84 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 1901. 



OUR LETTER BOX. 



■We wUli It (llntlnctly nnder«tood that this <Ic- 
pnrtnirnt is open to everybodj- (or the dl«- 
casslon of any nuliject of Interest to tlie 
time trade, bnt that vre accept no responsi- 
bility for the ylew« aud opinions expressed 
by contributors. 

Please be brief and always slsra your niune. 

A PLEA FOR EARLY CLOSING. 

Chicago, Jan. 17. 
To the Editor: I enclose a clipping from the Chicago 
American, published in this city, as it is in line with 
the Sunday closing and shorter hours movement, so 
much discussed in all pharmaceutical journals during 
the past year or more. The article is more full o£ truth 
than poetry, and it is a shame and disgrace that such 
truths as promulgated in the article do exist against us 
as druggists who set ourselves up as professional men 
and men perhaps above the average shopkeepers, yet 
who lower ourselves to the same level as the saloon- 
keeper, the small candy and sporting paper stores, the 
Italian fruit vender on the corner, all of whom kpow no 
Sunday or Sunday rest. 

Is it not a shame that we as intelligent business men, 
priding ourselves as being above the above members 
in our class, should so lower ourselves as to be classi- 
fied with them? Does it not belittle us and make us 
hot under the collar when we think of the class we 
travel in? And what is the necessity for it? None what- 
ever, with a great big capital N. 

There is not one in our profession who can conscien- 
tiously say that there is. He may make an attempt at 
an excuse, but when it comes right down to the point 
he will acknowledge that his excuse is very slim and 
hardly worth mentioning. Are we held any higher in the 
estimation of the public because we put in sixteen hours 
a day, seven days in the week, and then "sleep with one 
eye open?" Are the public tumbling all over themselves 
thanking us for it, anxious to buy all they can or need 
from their neighborhood druggist, or do they show their 
appreciation by buying as little as they can from him and 
then spending the greater balance with the department 
store man down town, who closes his store at 6 P. M. 
six days and has his day of rest Sunday? 

The opinion of the writer, whose article I enclose, is 
the general opinion of the public regarding the druggist 
and his clerk. I would that we were more manly, more 
business men and willing and able to assert our man- 
hood and rights. We owe it to ourselves and our families 
that our hours should be shortened and our weeks short- 
ened and that Sunday should be a day of rest and a 
relaxation from all business cares and worries. Our lives 
would then be lengthened, ourselves and homes happier. 
The good Lord did not intend that man should live a 
dog's life. He made him a little higher than a dog. 
Then why should we lower ourselves to the level of a 
dog? Tea, verily, even lower, as the dog does have some 
fun once in a while, but the poor deluded druggist, if he 
does have any pleasures, they are forced pleasures. While 
trying to enjoy them his mind is more or less on his 
store and he is in a wonder whether or not he was not 
doing wrong seeking recreation when he should be at 
the store attending to business. I trust that the time 
may soon come when we will not be compelled to read 
such articles as the inclosed (although full of truth) 
written by the laity in front of the prescription case and 
counters. 

Tours respectfully. 

J. S. STILES. 



being a hell on earth as anything I happen to know of. 
Certainly, if God is just He will give the drug clerk as 
small a slice of perdition hereafter as Is compatible with 
a square deal, for the poor fellow gets much more than 
his lawful share of that article In the present lite. 

Many of them turn out soon after daylight In the 
morning, work like galley slaves until nearly midnight, 
and sleep (with one eye open) on apologies for beds In 
the rear of the stores. . , 

The drug clerk's work Is not only steady and long 
drawn out. but is of a character that taxes the mind 
as well as the body. He realizes that a great responsi- 
bility is ever resting upon his shoulders and the con- 
sciousness of that fact keeps him in a state of perpetual 
nervous tension. 

The drug clerk's brain consumes within a given time 
twice the phosphorus that is required for the ordinary 
clerk, and when his day's work is finished he is often- 
times on the ragged edge of physical and mental col- 
He may be likened not to the soldier in the ranks, who 
fights the battle and after the fighting rests, but to the 
sentry, who must stand at his post with open eye and 
ear and with everv faculty on the alert, through all 
weathers and all states of mind and body, until such 
time as circumstances may admit of his relief. 

Tes your drug clerk's lite is none other than a dog s 
life— not" the life of the ordinary dog. but the life of the 
dog in the treadmill. The drug clerk knows, as but few 
can know, that "Jordan is a hard road to travel. He is 
on that road every day for fourteen or eighteen hours, 
and when he tells vou that it is a hard road he knows 
perfectly well what he is talking about. 

And now the question arises: "Cannot something DC 
done to change this unfortunate and unjust state of 
3.ff sirs "^ 

Let it be distinctly understood that I am not finding 
fault with the proprietors of the drug stores. As a 
general thing the bosses work as hard and as long as the 
clerks, nor are they, as a rule, disposed to be overexact- 
Ing in' their demands upon their help. ,. . ,. 

The difficulty rests with that well-meaning but thought- 
less thing called the Public. ^ ^,. ..... „„„. 

There seems to be a sort of public opmion to the etiect 
that apothecary shops should be open pracUcally all the 

But there is no valid ground for such opinion. It Is 
a fresh proof of the fact that the vox populi is as apt to 
be the voice of the devil as the voice of God. There is 
no earthly reason why drug stores should keep open such 
brutally long hours. 

Let the men buv their cigars and the women their 
pomade and perfumerv on Saturday rather than on Sun- 
dav and during the week let them do their shopping 
before rather than after the hour of 9 P. M. So far as 
sickne.^is and accidents are concerned, it Is well known 
that everv phvsician carries his "emergency" case. 

Shall we kill the dru.g clerk simply hecause there Is a 
possibilitv of the other fellow's getting sick? If he gets 
sick while the drug store is closed, has not the doctor 
the medicines that will meet the case? 

Not ;ong ago an Eastern preacher wrote a book en- 
titled "Justice to the Jew." Is it not about time that 
some one had written a book on "Justice to the drug 
clerk'"' The Jew is amply able to look out for himself. 
He !=; the smartest piece of 'human fiesh on the planet, 
and rest assured he is not going to let you get away with 
any more than belongs to you. But the men behind the 
prescription cases really need our s>-mpathy, for I tell 
vou that they are being mightily oppressed. ,.,„„, 

" Let some big-brained, big-hearted philanthropist inau- 
gurate a crusade against the oppression. Gi%'e the drug- 
gist a chance— a chance to enjoy at least a. few or the 
blessings of an American citizen. .,..,. ., 

Close the drug stores on Sunday, with the exception. 
let us sav. of a couple of hours in the forenoon, and on 
week davs let them close at 9 P. M. 



' JUSTICE TO THE DRUG CLERK. 

Bv The Rev. Thomas B. Gregory. 

"Come over into Macedonia and help us!" Such was 
the crv that Paul heard while he tarried at Troas. It is 
the petition that the thousands of drug clerks in CHiicago 
are making to us from behind the counters and prescrip- 
tion cases: "Come and helo us!" 

The existence of the average drug clerk comes as near 



GIVE THE DRUGGIST FAIR PROFITS. , 

To the Editor: I certainly agree with you In your 
answer to "Justice" in the Era. January 10 last, as the 
cost price has nothing to do with the article cut. only 
so far as the proportion of the cost price bears to 
the retail price. For instance, an $8 preparation will 
be cut to Soc. or 9(k:. per bottle, and on a $9 article a 
customer will want a cut of just the same as on the 
$8 preparation. 

But my opinion is that the druggists are the ones 
to blame, as well as the jobber and proprietor. It ifi 
their greed for business that causes it to be cut. whether 
profitable or not. For instance, the proprietor places 
his goods with Tom. Dick or Harry .lust to sell them, 
whether they are cut or not. and the jobber, with the 
same greed to do business, sends his salesmen out on 
the road to sell a groceryman or general merchant as 
quick as the best druggist in a town, and the druggist 
lets it go on unnoticed. It every druggist in this State 
or the United States, or even 60 or 75 per cent, of them, 
will put his foot down and will not patronize the jobber 
or proprietor who sells cutters or grocery trade, they 
can stop i)t within sixty days. The jobber or proprietor 



January 24, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



85 



win not pay a salesman just to travel to the grocery 
trade. 

Just to give a little of my experience on this line. 
Last year there were two jobbers in my Slate that I 
had been doing the most of my business with. One told 
me if I objected he would not work that class of trade 
in my town, and I told the salesman of the other that 
It he sold the eroeeryman he could not sell me. He 
made me a promise, and I gave him an order, and 
during the day I saw him in a grocery store selling or 
trying to sell his wares, and I told him to cancel my 
order. I sent it in to the other jobber, and I did over 
11,200 worth of business with him in 1900, and not one 
dollar more with the other man, and I hardly think he 
sold iMO worth of goods in town in 1900. iHow can an 
honest druggist compete with the grocery trade when 
they sell B. I. Bitters at 75c. per bottle, and nine out 
Ol ten well known preparations at the same ratio? The 
druggist has first got to patronize or indorse a remedy 
before it can be sold to the groceryman at any price; it 
don't matter how much merit the remedy has. To prove 
my assertion: A tew years ago G. Chill Tonic first came 
out. I bought the first lot bought in this town, by the 
gross, and sold about 2 gross a year, at 50c. per bottle 
and no cut. But the jobber got to handling it, and sold 
It to any one, and they cut it in my town as low as 
80c. per bottle. I could not meet such competition, so I 
had a preparation of my own made up. which cost me 
$15 per gross less, and sold it at 50c. straight, and I sell 
about 2 gross a year, and there is not one-half gross 
G-Tonic sold in town in twelve months. If the druggist 
Is honest and deals so with his customer and only sells 
goods with merit, he can do just as I have done with 
the chill tonic and many other articles. And the pro- 
prietors and jobbers will soon learn which side of their 
bread has the butter on it, also whether the druggist or 
the newspaper is the best advertising medium. It is my 
experience that the druggist and physician have to rec- 
ommend and indorse a preparation before it is in demand 
by the public; it is in their power to kill or make a 
preparation, just as they like about it. 

You can see that it all the druggists would do like- 
wise, they would have smooth sailing. As to cut prices, 
the druggist who starts it cuts off his nose to spori his 
face, for just as soon as he cuts the price of an article 
he forces his competitors to do likewise, and he is the 
loser in the long run, for he will not be able to sell 
any more goods, and he cuts off his profits. 

I think another very unjust practice is the puttins 
of a little one-horse druggist on the jobbing list because 
he happens to buy one-half gross of one or two articles 
and he sells a dozen castor oil or laudanum to some 
little cross-road store. There are no druggists in this 
State that don't sell ofte-half or a dozen of some article 
during the year, and they are just as much entitled to 
be on the jobbing list. There is a firm in this part of 
the country that is rated as retailers and jobbers, 'and 
I don't think they sell .$100 worth of goods a year out- 
side of the consuming trade, and they are among the 
biggest cutters In this part of the country. You can 
readily see the injustice in this practice. Respectfully, 

L. M. ABLE. 



AND THE 



CITROPHENE.— Trade name of a new synthetic anti- 
rheumatic and anti-neuralgic remedy. 

STAPHYLASE.— Trade name for a yellow powder, said 
to be the active principle of brewers' yeast. 

CHRYSOLEIN.— Trade name for a preparation contain- 
ing sodium fiuoride. used as meat preservative. 

GUACAMPHOL.— Trade name of a new combination 
of guaiac and camphor, used as a remedy in consumption. 
Intended as a succedaneum of atropin in the hyperldrosis 
of phthisical patients. 

ANAEMIN. — Trade name for an iron and pepsin sac- 
charate in liquid form, in which. It is claimed, the con- 
tent of iron amounts to two-tenths of 1 per cent, of 
the metal (in the form of iron saccharate). 

SITOGEN.— Trade name for a new artificial food prod- 
uct, which, it is said, is of vegetable nature, but Is 
capable of supplanting meat extracts. Analysis shows it 
to contain about the same percentage of nitrogenous 
matter as meat extract. 



(Special to the Era.) 

THE PENNSYLVANIA BOARD 
DRUGGISTS. 

Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 19.— Druggists throughout the 
State are most deeply interested in the work which has 
been undertaken by the State Pharmaceutical Examining 
Board. On the whole, the steps which have been taken 
by the board in the interests of the public have met with 
the approbation of the better class of pharmaciste, 
although at first the prosecutions which the board 
brought to enforce the various laws of the State were 
misunderstood and opposed by those who are now strong- 
est in their support of the board. 

The State board has progressed so tar on the lines 
which it has undertaken that the first prosecutions under 
the adulteration clause of the Pharmacy Act will be given 
to the Grand Jury in Pittsburg within a very short time. 
Many minor cases, mainly for the purpose of compelling 
the druggists of the State to prominently display their 
registration certificates and also their renewal receipts, 
have been brought throughout the commonwealth, but 
these have been settled upon the payment of the costs 
and fine by the druggists and the Immediate compliance 
with the law. 

Dr. Charles T. George, of this city, when seen about 
the prosecutions which are being brought by the State 
Pharmaceutical Examining Board, of which he is secre- 
tary, said that the board did not take up the cases with 
the intention of prosecuting any of the druggists but to 
secure the observance of the pharmacy laws. This, he 
said, will be to the advantage of the druggists, who are 
not endeavoring to make money dishonestly, as it will 
drive out of business a number of unscrupulous and ig- 
norant persons who are posing as pharmacists. 

He said; "It is only fair to say that the great ma- 
jority of the retail druggists of the State of Pennsylvania 
are an intelligent and law abiding class of citizens. Many 
of them are highly educated, and are perfectly competent 
to carry on the very dangerous and responsible business 
of a pharmacist. With such men the board has no trouble 
whatever. They require no inspection and it visited by an 
inspector are courteous in their reception of him. They 
are proud to have it known that they are conscious of the 
existence of a pharmacy law and that they are anxious 
to obey it in letter and spirit. 

"There are, however, druggists in many of the cities of 
the State who are opposed to all legislation of a restrain- 
ing nature, who are and always have been opposed to a 
pharmacy law and who are trying continually to evade its 
provisions. Men of this kind complain that the various 
acts governing the practice of pharmacy in this State 
have never done anything to benefit them. They claim 
that the laws have only raised the salaries of their clerks 
and thus increased the expenses of the business. This is 
true. The pharmacy law was never intended to benefit 
the retail druggists, but was passed only for the pro- 
tection of the public. 

"The public is not supposed to be able to judge the 
qualifications of the men and women behind the counter 
of a retail drug store, but when they are confronted with 
a certificate of registration they know that the owner 
understands his business and is qualified to compound 
their prescriptions and to supply them intelligently and 
carefully with all their drug wants. Of course men of 
this kind cost more money. They are no longer willing to 
serve their employers for the paltry sum of five or six 
dollars a week, with very long hours and Sunday service. 

"The young pharmacist who now seeks to pass the ex- 
amination of the State board must be well prepared and 
highly educated. It is next to Impossible tor a person to 
pass the examination unless he is a graduate of a college 
of pharmacy. This requires years of study and careful 
preparation, and in turn they demand salaries commen- 
surate with their worth. 

"For a long time the board was conscious of the fact 
that quite a large number of druggists throughout the 
State were employing cheap help. Young men who were 
not registered were eng.iged to assist in the management 
of drug stores or were compounding and selling drugs In 
city department stores and country general stores. All of 
these places pretended to do a regular drug business, such 



86 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 1901 



as Compounding prescriptions and selling poisons. The 
board was aware that the section of the law relating to 
the sale of adulterated and inferior drugs and medicines 
was being violated and that the section regulating the 
sale of ixjisone was utterly disregarded In many places. 
Efforts were being constantly made by the board to cor- 
rect these evils and to place the drug business of the 
State above reproach. This end was sought through the 
liberal distribution of copies of the law and its various 
ajnendments. This falling, circular letters and special 
letters were sent, but without effect. 

"It was then determined to place the inspection of the 
drug stores and pharmacies under the charge of a detec- 
tive agency, which should make a careful examination of 
each store dealing in drugs In the State and report its 
condition to the board, stating the number of clerks em- 
ployed, whether registered, if the certificates or registra- 
tion and renewal receipts are exposed in a prominent part 
of the store and if the record of the sale of poisons is 
properly kept. 

"The inspection soon convinced the board of the neces- 
sity of bringing suits against many druggists, or so-called 
druggists, under the pharmacy laws of the State. The 
inspectors had no power to discriminate in their prosecu- 
tions and the board found it impossible to stop after the 
movement had been started. Accordingly some flrst-class 
druggists, who had become careless, were fined. This 
created the impression in the minds of a number that the 
board was meditating a general crusade against theim. 
In some places they organized and bent their energies in 
the direction of defending persons who were guilty of 
various violations of the law. Druggists who were free 
from any charge themselves were active in the defense of 
others. 

"While this was a surprise to the members of the 
board it was a good thing for the public. The very 
notoriety which was given the matter, the accusations 
against the board and its inspectors, so attracted the at- 
tention of the people of the State to these prosecutions 
that they learned a great deal of the pharmacy la.ws. 
They found out that a competent druggist must have a 
certificate of registration and they learned to look for one 
in every drug store. They learned the difference between 
a certificate and a renewal receipt, which has often done 
duty for a certificate and saved the employment of a 
registered pharmacist. 

"The people also commenced to ask the names of the 
clerks in the stores in order that they might satisfy 
themselves that the certificate which they saw displayed 
was not bogus or the property of another person who had 
loaned i't for a short time, until the inspectors pass by. 
Many such cases were found and some of even more 
flagrant fraud. Certificates have been found in drug 
stores and the inspectors have gathered evidence that 
they were rented from retired pharmacists for from 
twenty-five to forty dollars a month. Others were pur- 
chased outright from the family of a deceased druggist 
and one case was found where the certificate had been 
stolen from the widow of a dead pharmacist. 

"In these cases the original names would be erased 
with chemicals and the names of the pseudo-pharmacists 
inserted. These druggists, of course, never had renewal 
receipts to show, as they only had their certificates to 
fool the public. 

"Many druggists during the inspection claimed that it 
was right to demand that the certificate be displayed but 
not the renewal receipt. A letter has just been received 
from a druggist who claims that just the opposite is fair. 
He says: 'Dear sir, not thinking it necessary to save my 
certificate but only the renewal notice, which I have kept 
in view of the "dear public," I write to ask if it is neces- 
sary to get a duplicate or copy of the original?" 

"As the members of the board c6uld easily see, all this 
agitation in the end did much good for legitimate phar- 
macy and would only strengthen the legislation governing 
it. The drug laws have come to stay. They may be 
amended, and wisely amended, but they will always re- 
quire a certificate or license to be displayed that citizens 
may know that they are being served by competent phar- 
macists and assistants. 

"Happily this is about over without the board display- 
ing and practicing bitterness against any persons. Much 
good has been accomplished by the inspection. The board 



has now an accurate report about every store in the 
State handling drugs. It has the names of every owner 
of a pharmacy and his clerks, whether registered or not, 
and will be able to proceed intelligently against those 
who are not registered. It has compelled obedience to the 
law requiring the exhibition of the certificates of regis- 
tration and renewal receipts and has also compelled the 
proper registration of all dangerous and poisonous drugs 
and medicines sold, and thus has assisted materially In 
removing the suspicion that druggists generally are try- 
ing to encourage the sale of narcotics. 

"The most important work is still before the board, 
but the inspection has placed it In a position to carry this 
part out probably as well as the others have been carried 
out. The board has collected a great quantity of drugs, 
chemicals and medicines of an impure and adulterated 
character. These are in process of being analyzed by 
competent and expert chemists, and the board will be 
prepared to offer them as evidence In the prosecution of 
the men who handle them. 

"The board is not making idle threats of prosecution, 
but has even now started the work, which will probably 
extend over a space of two years. Each case will be care- 
fully considered and full punishment will be meted the 
men who have endangered the lives of many by the use 
of adulterated goods. It is surprising what a great 
amount of this kind of work is being done by the so-called 
"cheap" stores where rates are cut and the purity of the 
goods tampered with. 

"A remarkable fact which the investigations have 
proved to the board is that the drugs collected from regis- 
tered pharmacists are usually found to be pure and cor- 
rect, or nearly so, while those obtained in stores In which 
the pharmacists are not registered are mostly adulter- 
ated, diluted and improperly prepared. For Instance, 
many samples of sweet spirits of nitre (spirit of nitrous 
ether), tested according to the method laid down in the 
United States Pharmacopoeia, were found to contain any- 
where from one to .seventeen cubic centimeters instead of 
flfty-five cubic centimeters as it should. 

"Mercurial ointment, instead of containing 50 per cent, 
by weight of mercury, contained from 17 to 32 per cent. 
Similar, impurity was found in all the preparations pur- 
chased and examined. 

"A test prescription, one frequently used by physicians, 
composed of one grain of sulphate of morphine and one 
ounce of water, was filled by a large number of the drug- 
gists of the State for the board. This was secured to test 
the accuracy of the pharmacists. The results disclosed 
the fact that if these men had accurate scales they did 
not use them but simply guessed at the quantity or else 
did not know how to use them. 

"One bottle did not contain a trace of morphine and 
others disclosed marvelous variatfons of from one-fourth 
to two grains of morphine to the ounce of water. Those 
prepared by registered men were all accurate or nearly so. 

"According to the promises of the board, a large num- 
ber of prosecutions are being brought in the western and 
interior counties of the State under the adulteration sec- 
tion of the act and will be continued until the adulteration 
of drugs, chemicals and medicines is a thing of the past. 

"A comprehensive pharmacy law is being prepared by 
the Philadelphia Association of Retail Druggists from ex- 
tensive correspondence and suggestions from Dr. Louis 
Emanuel, of Pittsburg, president of the State Pharma- 
ceutical Examining Board. This will undoubtedly over- 
come many of the faults and errors of the old law and 
will receive the hearty support of every registered and 
assistant pharmacist in the State." 



PROFESSION OR TRADE. 

Chicago. Jan. 1". 
To the Editor: A few remarks on "Profession or 
Trade" may be in order, Mr. Chairman-Editor. Sitting 
at the recent meeting of the C. R. D. A., it occurred to 
me that, after all. pharmacy must be a profession, for 
pharmacists certainly don't have commercial proclivities. 
A petition to the Postmaster, or the President, or Con- 
gress, with numerous whereases, was adopted, asking for 
commissions on sales of postage stamps— druggists grew 
eloquent in depicting the nuisance— and at the same time, 
when unanimous action is desired to make the public 



raiuiary 24, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



87 



pay fur nieswi'iiger si-rvice. no unison Is in sight, ami 
certainly the messenger service is more of an expense 
and a nuisance than the stamp sales. I have worked 
In stores where one boy was kept for that service— en- 
tirely gratuitous to the public, while In another store. 
one boy's wages were more than paid by fees charged 
for delivered messages, and patrons appreciated the 
prompt service and patronized it. because they felt they 
were not sponging on the poor, down-trodden druggist. 
Vnanim«u.-i support to ask somebody (Congress. Post- 
roaster or President*, to pay for stamp accommodation. 
and unanimous opposition to the abolition of the tele- 
phone nuisance, message service nuisance, directory 
nuisance. What a paradox! Selling patents at cost is 
certainly an expen.'^ive nuisance. The druggists could 
stop H. if they wanted to. Do they do it? No; it takes 
superhuman efforts to get the commercial pharmacists to 
organize for revenue. You can get them to approve 
unanimously a petition, but not go as far as action. The 
report of the Executive Committee of 'the N. A. H. D. 
was highly interesting. It showed similar conditions all 
over— non-druggists had to be employed to whip the com- 
mercial druggists into line— for a professional pharmacist 
this work would take years; he would not get away 
from a druggist in six hours. Such a flood of objections 
to organization for revenue, and. as they all say, not 
one alike. Resourceful in getting up new objections to 
applying common sense to a question. Does that speak 
for professional or commercial pharmacy, or for plain and 
simple im potency? Referring to stamp nuisance. Stamp 
agencies as they used to have them could not very well 
be established in all Chicago drug stores, so that would 
again be a bone of contention, and it did only pay .$2 
a month. Where I work, the store nets from ten to 
fifteen messages at 10c, each per day, netting the pro- 
prietor about .$40 a month; his errand boy costs him 
$12 and does all kinds of work besides delivering mes- 
sages. That's a way to make a nuisance pay. Yours. 

FOR REVENUE ONLY. 



CHEMISTRY AND CHEMISTS IN THE 
UNITED STATES. 

In the address of William McMurtrie. retiring president 
of the Americal Chemical Society, at the annual meeting 
held in Chicago last month, he dwelt at length on the re- 
quirements in the field of chemical industries in the near 
future. Broad men. he declared, would soon assume 
control by supplanting those whose training had been 
more specific and narrowed. General culture, a strong 
foundation and wide training would come to be the de- 
ciding factors in *'the survival of the fittest," First of all, 
experience shows that those who financially control the 
great Industries fully appreciate the need of improvement 
in both processes and products. Young men who early 
come to a realization of this fact and prepare themselves 
by broad and thorough education to meet the demand 
are those who will succeed In the industries and ulti- 
mately have a controlling influence in their manage- 
ment. 

In the promotion and development of the science we 
shall not forget the wonderful benefactions of Johns 
Hopkins, Clark, Case. Rose. Rockefeller. Stanford. Scher- 
merhorn. Havemeyer. Fayerweather and others, who have 
furni.<ihed, through splendid muniflcence. the magnificent 
facilities not only for instruction in science but for ab- 
stract research as well. 

Touching on the statistical reports showing the pro- 
gress of the chemical industries he pointed to the tact 
that "of products classified as chemicals, drugs and medi- 
cines the United States imported during the year ending 
June 30. l.SOO, to the value of .$41,601,078. while for the 
year ending June SO, 1900, this value had become ?52.931,- 
Oo5. Most of the materials repre,sented in these figures 
entered into consumption in industries based wholly or 
in part upon the application of chemistry. 

Totals were presented in comparison for different 
periods of the values of exports of domestic products of 
the chemical industries for 1876. 18D0 and 1000. as follows: 

1876 .i!102,0.^4,7.50 

1890 174,.S(«,105 

1900 264,501,771 



Touching upon the Increased caiiital investing in manu- 
factories based upon chemical inventions and discoveries, 
he came again to the probable opportunities for well and 
properly trained experts, "We cannot yet boast with the 
Germans th.it single works employ more than 1(X» thor- 
oughly educated chemists, yet Iniiuiry shows that many 
of the most important works have corps of chem- 
ists numbering from ten to fifty, while very many more 
have smaller numbers. The same inquiry affords some 
clew to the number of chemists actually at work in this 
country. If we compare the list of members of the 
American Chemical Society, we find that more than 
two-thirds are engaged in technical work. Furthermore, 
of the few chemists reported in the inquiry just referred 
to scarcely one-third are members of the society. A 
fair estimate based upon such data leads to the con- 
clusion that more than 5,000 chemists are actually at 
work in the United States and that .SO per cent, of these 
are connected with the industries. A study of the lists 
of the graduates of the educational Institutions leads to 
similar conclusions," 



THE RAKB METALS. 

This epithet is applied to a class of metals little known 
to the uninitiated. All are precious, although their use is 
limited by their hlg'h price, says the Moni'teur Industrial 
(Paris), In the cases of some of them this price is due 
not so much to their rarity, properly speaking, as to the 
fact that the processes of isolating them and so olytaining 
them in the pure state are costly. In this case, the effect 
becomes the cause; it is often because no serious efforts 
have been made 'to utilize them Industrially that the pro- 
cess of extracting them has not been improved. Witness 
aluminum, and more recently thorium and cerium; the 
two last were worth about 4,0(X) francs a kilogram [about 
$4(K1 a pound] before their utilization in gas lighting by 
Incandescence, Among o'thers may be cited the following: 
"Vanadium, which oxidizes in air with great difficulty, 
melts at 2,0(Xi degrees, and becomes red hot in hydro- 
gen, , . . Neither hydrochloric acid nor nitric acid at- 
tacks it. The addition of vanadium considerably aug- 
ments the ductility of copper, aluminum and iron. These 
properties would be valuable to electrometallurgists if the 
price of the metal were not still very high— 6,130 francs per 
kilogram [about $000 a pound). Its use is, therefore, lim- 
ited to coloring glass and to preparation of indelible inks 
by mixture with anilin. 

"Uranium, worth 9<K) francs a kilogram [.$90 a pound], 
is used in the glass and porcelain industries. It has been 
found that uranium carbid is superior to nickel or tung- 
sten in the manufacture of high-grade steels. 

"Titanium is peculiar In being universally diffused in 
mature, even the flesh, bones and muscles of animals con- 
taining appreciable traces of it. 

Iridium, worth S,0(«) francs a kilogram [about ,$800 a 
pound], is the hardest metal known and is used to tip gold 
pens. This hardness makes it very diffi'cuit to coin 
Siberian gold, and the Russian mint requires that gold 
for coinage shall be free from all traces of iridium. 

"Palladium, which has the smallest coellicient of dila- 
tation, is used for the mountings of astronomical instru- 
ments. The standard meter is made of palladium. The 
pure metal costs 5,000 francs a kilogram [$500 a pound], 

"Selenium, which has the curious property of losing its 
resistance to the electrical current under the influence of 
light, is used in the telelectroscope, and Is worth 220 
francs a kilogram [$22 a pound], 

"Lithium, worth 12,000 francs a kilogram [$1,2(K> a 
pound], is used only in medicine, its salts being valuable 
In rheumatic affections, 

"Molybdenum, worth 15 francs a kilogram ($1.50 a 
pound], is used in metallurgy. . . . Molybdenum-steel 
possesses the rare quality of preserving its hardness even 
when heated to redness. 

"Tungsten, worth 8,5 francs a kilogram [80 cents a 
pound], is also largely used in metallurgy, and gives to 
steel qualities similar to those imparted by molybde- 
num."— (Translated for Literary Digest). 



88 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 1901. 



PRACTICAL POLITICS APPLIED TO PHARMACY 

LEGISLATION,* 



By J. H. BEAL. 



The Plillndolphlii College of Phopmacy the God- 
mother of PharmacF licsrlslntlon In the 
United States. 

It Is especially ntting that the Philadelphia College 
of Pharmacy should take an active part in the discus- 
sion and advocacy of pharmacy leirlslation, since this 
institution may properly be regarded as the godmother 
of practically all the existing pharmacy laws in the 
United States. Our present laws are largely built upon 
the American Pharmaceutical Association model of ISBi), 
which was mainly prepared by a member of the faculty 
of this institution, and was discussed and approved by 
the College before it was presented to the Association. 

This model is often referred lo as if it were a mere 
copy of the English statute of 1868, but aside from 
the fact that, like the English law, it sought to restrict 
the practice of pharmacy 'to registered persons, it was 
built upon wholly original lines, and proposed an en- 
tirely different form of machinery for carrying the law 
into effect. 

The Awakening of Pharmacy. 

It must be evident to every observer of pharma- 
ceutical affairs that we are in the midst of an extra- 
ordinary movement that promises to place the practice 
of pharmacy upon an entirely different footing from 
that which it has hitherto occupied. 

After a long lethargy, the pharmacists of the United 
States are apparently just awakening 'to the fact that 
collectively they are capable of exerting a tremen- 
dous force in securing for themselves a position in the 
social and economic scale more befitting the service they 
render society than they have enjoyed in the past. 

Everywhere there are signs of activity among the 
pharmaceutical fraternity, new associations are form- 
ing, and old ones are becoming more active. Renewed 
interest is being taken in pressing for State and National 
legislation tending to relieve pharmacy from unduly 
burdensome taxation, and in movements tending to secure 
fairer and more profl'table trade relations between the 
manufacturing and jobbing interests on the one hand and 
the dispensing and retail interests on the other. 

The Increasing Activity in Pharmacy Legislation. 

One of the most important features of this awakening 
of the pharmaceutical body politic is 'the gradual evolu- 
tion, through the joint efforts of the courts and 
legislatures, of a rational system of pharmaceutical juris- 
prudence; one which shall protect the public interest 
without Imposing upon the natural and constitutional 
rights of the pharmacist, 'and which shall secure to the 
latter the opportunity of exercising his calling with 
the hope of reasonable profit, without infringing upon 
the rights of the public. 

To secure this devoutly wished-for consummation, 
pharmacists must be active, not passive, factors. Plato 
eays " that the punishment which 'the wise suffer who 
refuse to take part in the government is to live under 
the government of worse men." The penalty imposed 
upon pharmacists if they fail to take a proper interest 
in the enactment of pharmacy legislation is that they 
must live under laws enacted by men much less com- 
petent than themselves to prepare such legislation. 

The Obstacles to Pharmacy Legislation Mainly 
from Pharmacists. 

While we have heard much concerning the opposition 
of legislators to the enactment of appropriate pharmacy 
laws, it is the writer's opinion, based upon actual exper- 
ience in advocating measures before the General As- 
sembly, that the prime difficulty in the way of pharmacy 
legislation Is the active or passive opposition of phar- 
macists themselves. 

♦Read at the pharmaceutical meeting of the Phila- 
delphia College of Pharmacy, January 15, 1901. 



This oppoeition Is of three kinds: 

(1) The opposition of those who, without knowing why, 
stupidly imagine that the law will in some way Interfere 
with their business, or who, being conscious of their own 
unfitness, or that they are conducting their business In 
an Immoral or improper manner, are opposed to any 
measures which might possibly interfere with them. 

(2) The oppo.sition, or what amounts to such, of those 
pharmacists who insist upon extreme or radical pro- 
visions which, if inserted in the measure. Would most 
likely secure its defeat before the assembly, or. It It 
should chance to be enacted, would endanger it in the 
courts because of its interference with constitutional 
provisions. The overcoming of this species of opposition. 
for such it is in effect. Is especially difficult from the 
fact that it comes from those who claim 'to be friends 
of the pharmacy law and therefore entitled to especial 
consideration. 

(3) The third obstacle is found in the great mass of 
druggists who are poorly informed as to the nature of 
legisla'tion which should be sought, or are indifferent to 
the whole subject. These, when asked, generally pro- 
fess to be in favor of pharmacy legislation, but limit their 
efforts in this respect to criticising the measures pre- 
pared by others, and count themselves liberal supporters 
of a bill if they do not openly oppose it. 

Thus it appears that those who advocate the reform 
of the pharmacy laws must first overcome the opposition 
of those members of their own profession who are totally 
opposed to such legislation, must defeat the mischievous 
efforts of those who are in favor of radical and im- 
practical provisions, must be able to carry with them 
the dead weight of the great number who 'are entirely 
indifferent, and then must still have left sufficient energy 
to beat down the opposition from the extra-pharmaceu- 
tical forces which are naturally expected to array them- 
selves against such reforms. 

A Flan of Campaign for the Enactment of a Phar- 
macy La"»T. 

It has been the writer's fortune, or misfortune, to 
have been engaged in advocating or opposing pharmacy 
legislation at every session of the legislature of his own 
State for the past eight or ten years. This experience has 
convinced him that failure to procure the enactment of 
desirable pharmacy laws generally results from a lack 
of experience on the part of the persons who are dele- 
gated to look after the interests of the measure, or from 
a neglect to £.et about the work in the thoroughgoing and 
systematic manner which is indispensable to tbe success- 
ful passage of a bill through the legislature when any 
opposition is manifested. Assuming that this assem- 
blage is more Interested in practical results than in 
literary composition, and at the risk of being prosy, the 
writer will attempt to formulate a simple plan of cam- 
paign which, in his opinion, should be followed by those 
who attempt to procure the enactment of a pharmacy law. 
LiCgislatlon Shonld be Under Control of the State 
Association. 

Without stopping to argue the point, it is taken for 
granted that the State pharmaceutical association should 
assume the initiative, and should have full control and 
direction of all legislation affecting pharmacy. This or- 
ganization Is properly regarded as representing the best 
elements of the profession in the State, and as probably 
expressing in the measures prepared by it the con- 
sensus of opinion of the druggists of the commonwealth, 
and its representatives, if they proceed discreetly, will be 
accorded a. degree of attention by legislatures and by 
legislative committees that individuals or local societies 
could not expect to receive. 
Arousing the Interest of the State .dissociation. 

The first great effort should be to thoroughly enlist the 
State association in favor of the proposed measure. This 
can best be accomplished by calling a special session for 



January 24, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



89 



I the express purpose of considering a draft of the law, 
at which session all other business should be tabooed. 
Preferably this meeting should be held just before or 
Just after the opening of the State legislature, in order 
that the measure approved by the association may be 
I put in in time to secure a good position on the calendar. 
I The draft should be presented to the association by 
some one who has made a thorough study of ite pro- 
visions, and is therefore qualified to answer the objec- 
tions which will invariably be raised by those who have 
not studied it, and will naturally want to know why this 
or that provision has been inserted or omitted. Generally 
the association's indorsement can be obtained with very 
little discussion, but as the prime object of the meeting 
Is educational, the fullest possible debate should be en- 
couraged. The draft should be read and discussed by 
sections, and every person present should be invited to 
participate, so that every member shall go home an 
advocate for the bill, and prepared to meet and answer the 
objections which may be brought against it. 

Tlie Form of liaw to be Introdnced. 
It an entirely new law is to be submitted to the gen- 
eral assembly. It should be modelled on the lines of the 
draft approved by the American Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation at Its meeting at Richmond in 1900, and whatever 
changes are made in this should be inserted by a com- 
petent attorney, who has been employed to give the mat- 
ter his careful attention. If this is not done, the proba- 
bility Is that some inconsistency will be introduced which 
will ruin the chances of the measure before the legisla- 
ture, or render It useless if passed. Many a good measure 
has failed of enactment because of the presence of a 
single objectionable clause or phrase. 
Amendments. 
As amendments to a bill after it has entered upon its 
legislative course are almos't always dangerous, and fre- 
quently fatal, it should, before its introduction, be 
brought as nearly as possible into the shape in which it 
will have the best chance of passing. Those who insist 
upon the insertion of radical provisions, with the argu- 
ment that if the legislature does not like them they can 
te stricken out, should have their attention called to the 
fact that the amendment of a bill while in the act of going 
through the legislature always means delay, and more 
often than not it means defeat. Bills in the legislature 
cannot be amended with the same readiness that they 
can in a debating society or in a pharmaceutical asso- 
elation. "Referred back to committee for amendment" 
has been the epitaph of many a brave pharmacy bill 
which, if properly prepared in the first place, would have 
had bright prospects of enactment. All provisions likely 
to Imperil the bill should be rigorously excluded, and if of 
sufflcient importance may afterwards be introduced into 
♦he assembly as separate measures. 

The Committee on Legislation. 
The final work of the association will be the important 
one of selecting the Committee on Legislation, or the 
committee which is to look after the interests of the bill 
before the legislature. 

The task of this committee is one of labor and vexation, 
requiring rare tact and patience, eternal vigilance and un- 
ceasing industry. To such an extent does the success of 
the bill depend upon the personnel of the legislative com- 
mittee that it would not be far from the truth to say 
that its fate is settled when this committee is selected. 
State associations have numerous offices wherein merely 
ornamental members may be safely lodged, but on Its 
legislative committee it needs its most resourceful, most 
energetic and most earnest men. 

Worfe tjpon the Absentees and Non-members. 
Immediately following the adjournment of the State 
meeting a circular letter should be addressed to the drug- 
gists of the State whether members of the association or 
not, stating briefly what has been done and asking their 
cooperation in securing the passage of the bill. The prin- 
cipal changes proposed In the law should be explained, 
and care should be taken to state that the Interests of 
those already In business will not be affected deleterlously 
by Its enactment. The circular should be conciliatory in 
tone, and calculated to allay the oppo.=;ition of those 
druggists who are always on the alert to discover evil In 
measures proposed by others than themselves. 



Selecting a Sponsor for the Bill. 

The 'lext important step Is the selection of the proper 
person to introduce the bill into the general assembly. 
This is a matter of vital importance, since a mistake in 
the selection of a ciiampion may jeopardize or even defeat 
the measure. 

In fixing upon the proper person to Introduce the bill 
the following considerations should be kept in mind: 

He should be a man of learning and ability, popular 
with his associates and preferably one who has had prior 
letrislative experience. 

He should be personally interested In the bill, a believer 
In its merits, and willing to devote time and energy 
toward securing its enactment. 

He should be a member of a strong delegation, I. e., 
should be from some city or district which has a large 
representation in the general assembly. As a member 
can usually command the unanimous support of his own 
delegation, and as the influence of a large delegation is 
important, other delegations having measures to pass will 
be chary of opposing the pharmacy bill. 

This bill should be first introduced Into that branch 
of the general assembly which it would have the most 
difficulty in passing if much opposition be manifested. 
This is recommended for the reason that the opposition 
will not at first have had time to organize their forces, 
and also because those who are opposed to legislative 
measures generally make their greatest effort when the 
bill is put upon its final passage. If the bill is successful 
in thas part of its course, it will have added prestige 
and the advantage of being in the house of its friends 
when the strongest assault Is made upon it. 

Work After the Bill is Introdnced. 

The real work of the committee on legislation begins 
after the bill has been introduced into the general as- 
sembly. This Tork is to con'\ert a majority of the mem- 
bers of both houses to the belief that the bill is a clean, 
honest measure, that its enactment will prove a public 
benefit, and that it is generally desired throughout the 
State by those who are in the practice of pharmacy. If 
this impression can be made upon the minds of a ma- 
jori:y of the cssemblymen, success is assured. 

It m.ust be remembered that not one member in ten 
will read the bill, unless he has been specially requested 
to do so by some interested constituent. Most of them 
will rely upon the statements of those who have the bill 
in charge for their information as to its contents and pur- 
pose. If the measure seems to be generally popular with 
men in whom they have confidence, they will conclude 
that it is a meritorious one, and will give It their support. 
Othemnse they will either hold aloof from it or vote with 
the opposition. 

Among the most efficient means of favorably influ- 
encing the members of the legislature are the following: 

(1) Resolutions by local associations and the colleges. 
Every pharmaceutical association and every college and 
school of pharmacy in the State should meet and adopt 
resolutions in favor of the bill, and forward them to the 
delegation from the county or district in which the 
society or college is located. 

(2) Personal letters from prominent pharmacists in 
every part of the State to the members from their re- 
spective districts, soliciting their support. Nothing Is so 
effective with a member of the assembly as a letter, 
or several of them, from one or more of his constituents. 
It matters but little what the form of the letter is. pro- 
vided it expresses the fact that its writer is in favor of 
the measure and desires his representative and senator 
to support it. Even if the member has previously made 

up his mind to oppose the bill, he will oppose It less 
vigorously, or possibly not at all. if he receives a few let- 
ters from his constituents in its favor. 

To secure those letters Is really the most difficult part 
of the work of the committee. 

The temptation Is usually great to send out printed 
letters to the druggists throughout the State, requesting 
them to sign and forward the same to their members In 
the legislature, .^t the beet, this plan is a waste of 
. postage and white paper. Members of the legislature 
usually regard such methods as an attempt on the part 
of some per.son or committee to manufacture fictitious 
sentiment, and very justly consider that if their con- 



90 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 1901. 



Btltuents do not have sufficient Intereet in the bill to 
compose a letter In its favor, they must care very little 
what becomes of it. The best way is for the committee 
•on legislation to make a direct appeal to prominent phar- 
macists throughout the State to write to their senators 
And representatives. If, say. fifty euch men can be In- 
4luced to write to their members in the assembly, and the 
Indorsement of the local societies and colleges has been 
secured, The bill, if it is a good one, is almost sure to 
j)as6. 

Not only should retail pharmacists be appealed to to 
write such letters, but wholesalers, manufacturers, phy- 
sicians, and in fact any good citizen who by virtue of 
his social or political position should have infiuence in 
the legislature. It is all the better if persons entirely 
disconnected with pharmacy can be induced to interest 
themselves, as this is justly regarded by the legislature 
as evidence of the fact that the measure is really of pub- 
lic interest, and not a merely selfish effort on the part of 
<iruggi6ts to create a monopoly for themselves. 

Conclliatlns <l>e Medical Profession. 
If the passage of a pharmacy bill through the gen- 
eral assembly is to be free from hard knocks the in- 
fluence of the medical profession must not be lost sight 
of. The members of the latter profession, by virtue of 
their greater activity in politics, have proportionately a 
much larger influence in moulding legislation than phar- 
macists, and there is probably not a legislature in the 
United States which does not contain from three to four 
to a dozen or more physicians. Out of courtesy to the 
iprofession, these are generally all placed on the "Com- 
mittee on Medical Colleges and Associations," to which 
.committee al! bills in any way affecting the practice of 
medicine, dentistry or pharmacy are usually referred. 
If this committee reports unanimously, or by a good 
majority, in favor of a pharmacy bill, it is properly re- 
garded as a very favorable beginning, while if it reports 
adversely, the bill has a very small chance of ever ap- 
pearing on the statute books. 

This fact is argument enough for the conciliation of 
the medical members of the general assembly, and of theii 
professional brethren outside, and is also a good reason 
why those visionary members of the pharmaceutical craft 
who are always anxious to Insert in the pharmacy law 
some clause to prevent the dispensing of medicines by 
physicians, except in emergency, and to leave the drug- 
gist the judge of the emergency, should be promptly 
headed off. WTien a bill of this character makes its ap- 
pearance in the committee room it very properly goes 
into the bottom drawer of the chairman's desk and stays 
there until the end of the session, or if it gets back from 
the committee room, is usually in such a mutilated con- 
dition that its framere have to look the second time to 
recognize it. 

On the other hand, if the pharmacy bill leaves the busi- 
ness of the physician strictly alone, the medical commit- 
tee is usually inclined to be friendly, and this friendliness 
can frequently be increased by promising the support of 
the pharmaceutical interest to any medical bills which 
■may be pending. 

Tlie Use of Money in the Legislature. 
According to popular repute a liberal use of money 
among the members of the general assembly is almost 
indispensable to success with any measure; but this is 
certainly a base and unjust slander upon a very honorable 
class of men. There is not a general assembly in the 
United States the majority of whose members are not 
trustworthy, patriotic citizens, earnestly desirous of en- 
acting such measures as will be of benefit to the State. 
If they sometimes fail it is because they have misjudged 
the character of a measure and not because of corrupt 
principles. Doubtless there are members in every legis- 
lature who are ready to solicit and accept bribes for their 
votes and influence, but such men are in the minority. 
In the writer's opinion, the corrupt use of money in 
the legislature is not only wholly unnecessary, but harm- 
ful. The men who will accept it are generally well under- 
stood by their fellow-members, and the honesty of a bill 
Is at once open to suspicion when such men become active 
In its support. They really possess very little influence 
beyond the partners with whom they work. No greater 
mistake can be made by the promoters of a bill than to 



secure the championehip of these men. If they are will- 
ing to vote for the bill, well and good, but their active 
support should not be solicited, as it is more likely to 
injure than to benefit. If any attempt is made to extort 
money it should be met by the statement that the com- 
mittee is without funds for this purpose. If one such de- 
mand Is complied with, the recipient passes the word 
along to his brother pirates, and then each one will de- 
mand a share of the blood money, while If the Impres- 
sion is given out from the start that the committee have 
no money to spend, they will be spared the annoyance of 
having to refuse corrupt solicitations. 

Snbsidizingr the Newspnpera. 
Another place where money is frequently demanded 
is by the newspapers. In nearly every capital city there 
are one or more newspapers which directly or Indirectly 
solicit money in exchange for their support of bills be- 
fore the legislature, and some of them will threaten oppo- 
sition if their demands are not complied with. 'WTille this 
practice is little better than blackmail, it is usually Justi- 
fied by the journals on the ground that the writing up of 
a measure occasions extra expense and that it is no 
more than fair that the advocates of the measure should 
bear some of the cost. As a rule it is not advisable to 
pay newspapers for their support, though there may be 
occasions where such a course would be justified by 
necessity, as when some other organ has come out In op- 
position and by misrepresentation or misstatement of 
facts is liable to create a wrong impression with the pub- 
lic. On the whole, unless the subject is first brought into 
the public prints by the opposition, a newspaper discus- 
sion had better be avoided, as it may and generally does 
arouse antagonism without materially adding to the 
strength of the measure before the legislature. 
The lyegltiniate Use of Money. 
While we have deprecated the use of money in the leg- 
islature or for subsidizing the press, there is, neverthe- 
less, a legitimate place for its use, since it is only under 
exceptional circumstances that a pharmacy bill can be 
passed without liberal expenditures for postage, circulars, 
attorney fees, typewriting, and the traveling and other 
expenses of the committee on legislation. The right sort 
of a committee is not liable to make any unnecessary ex- 
penditures, and should therefore be its own judge of what 
expenses are necessary. Its members must necessarily 
devote a large amount of time and effort to the work 
of the bill, and should not be expected to meet their own 
traveling and hotel bills, nor be hampered by lack of 
funds for correspondence and printing. After paying all 
of these the association will still be deeply in the debt of 
the committee for its sacrifice of time, patience, and 
energj' in behalf of a matter in which the whole profes- 
sion is interested. 

Danger of Overconfidence, 
A danger to be specially guarded against is overconfl- 
dence on the part of the committee. It will frequently 
happen that the opposition is so well concealed that it 
may appear as if the bill would pass by a nearly unani- 
mous vote, but if the committee permits itself to be in- 
fluenced by these appearances the chances are that it will 
awaken some morning and find that sonie sharp old cam- 
paigner has put the bill into a corner whence It cannot 
be extricated during the remainder of the season. The 
only safety lies in unremitting vigilance until the law is 
upon the statute books. Bills have failed, even after 
passing both branches of the legislature, because of a 
failure of the proper officers to sign the record. 

Recapitulation. 

In the foregoing the writer has endeavored to give a 
homely and matter-of-fact statement of his opinion as 
to the best method of procuring the needed reforms in 
pharmacy legislation, which opinion is based upon actual 
exnerience in the advocacy of measures before committees 
of the general assembly. 

The conclusions to which we have arrived may be re- 
capitulated as follows: 

The movement for pharmacy legislation should be 
made by the State pharmaceutical association, since this 
is the organization best calculated to reach and influence 
the druggists in all portions of the State, and is the one 
whose indor-^ement is most effective with the le^slature. 



January 24, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



91 



The campaign should be begun by a special meeting of 
the afisociation for the purpose of thoroughly discussing 
A draft of the proposed law, and unifying opinion upon its 
sections, electing the special committee which is to look 
After its interests, and to provide funds for necessary 
-expenses. 

The bill should be along the lines suggested by the 
A.Ph.A. model, should be finally pronounced upon and 
.put in shape by a competent attorney, and should not 
.geek to secure special privileges to the pharmacls't In 
opposition to the general public or to the rights of the 
■physician. 

The draft should be put in the shape in which it can 
reasonably be expected to pass before it is introduced into 
the general assembly. Those who have extreme measures 
to advocate should be compelled to withhold them until 
the principal part of the law Is enacted, and then bring 
them in as new bills. 

The special advocacy of the bill before the general as- 
sembly should be In the hands of a committee on legisla- 
tion, the members of which should be specially selected 
because of their fitness for the work. 

The bill should be introduced by a strong member of 
a strong delegation, because of the vote-getting influence 
of such delegations. 

The existence of the bill and the arguments In Its 
favor should be brought to the attention of the members 
of the legislature Individually by the committee on legis- 
lation. 

All the pharmaceutical colleges and local pharmaceu- 
tical associations should meet and adopt special resolu- 
tions in favor of the bill, which should be communicated 
to the legislative delegations from their respective dis- 
tricts. 

As many as possible of the influential druggists in 
different parts of the State should be induced to write 
their senator or representative Indorsing the measure. 



If any demand Is made for money In exchange for 
legislative Influence the committee should reply that the 
measure Is for the public good, and that no funds are 
available for such expenditures. 

Newspaper discussion of the bill should not be en- 
couraged, unless the bill is flrst attacked through the 
public prints, when a suitable reply should be made. 

The committee should not permit Itself to become over- 
confldent as to success, and should never relax its efforts 
until the bill has received the signatures of the officers 
of the last house through which it passed. 

When a pharmacist produces a new formula he must 
expect the question, "What evidence have you that your 
formula will work?" and the same question may properly 
be asked concerning the plan proposed by the present 
paper. The answer is that it has had a practical trial 
and has been eminently successful. For years the phar- 
macists of Ohio tried in the usual desultory fashion to 
procure an amendment of their pharmacy law, meeting 
with worse defeat at each succeeding session of the 
legislature. Three years ago a new attempt was made. 
The program which has just been outlined was followed 
in detail, beginning with a special session of the State 
Association to consider the draft of the proposed law, and 
followed by constant and systematic work on the part of 
the committee on legislation. Not a cent of money was 
spent in the legislature or with the newspapers, and al- 
though the measure was more bitterly fought than any 
' ot its predecessors, it passed both branches of the Gen- 
eral Assembly without the change of so much as a 
punctuation point. 

From the experience gained in that and other con- 
tests, the writer is convinced that, given a good draft of 
a law, a good committee on legislation, and systematic 
work along the lines which have been Indicated, a phar- 
macy law can be passed In any State in the Union, or at 
least that a failure to secure Its enactment would be 
due to extraordinary and very unusual conditions. 



FLORIDA'S SPONGE FISHERIES. 



The United States Government is about to make a 
thorough investigation of the sponge industry in Florida. 
Florida is the only part of the United States that pro- 
duces sponges having commercial value. They are found 
both on its eastern and western coasts, but are far more 
abundant on the latter. 

The sponge grounds of the Gulf of Mexico extend 
from the Florida reefs to St. Marks, and for a distance 
of fifteen or twenty miles from shore. The best sponges 
In color, texture and size are indigenous to deep water, 
and as these command the highest prices in all markets, 
the sponging vessels are often at work for days together 
out of sight of land. 

Sponges are known by various names, such as sheep's 
wool, the grass, the yellow, the velvet, and others, but 
only the first three have any commercial value, and of 
these the sheep's wool is by far the best, being of a 
soft, yielding texture and very durable, so that it is 
well adapted for toilet, surgical and general hospital 
purposes. 

Sponge buyers pay from .$1.50 to $2.50 a bunch for this 
"variety at the kraals, while they only give from 40 to 75 
cents a bunch for the grass and from 15 to 25 cents for 
the yellow sponge. 

It is only of late that the grass sponge has had any 
commercial value, but many vessels pull it now when the 
sheep's wool is scarce, as London has recently become a 
good market for it. 

The yellow sponge is used only for the coarsest kind 
of work, and is scarcely considered worthy of their at- 
tention by the crews of the sponging vessels. It is very 
abundant owing to the fact that it has rarely been dis- 
turbed. The sheep's wool variety has been getting scarce 
of late years, and not enough of it can be produced now 
to supply half the demand for it. 

The sponge business was begun about the year 1858 
In Key West and has been gradually increasing in Im- 
portance until it may now be deemed the most valuable 
-of Florida's maritime industries. 



The flrst catches of sponges were made along the 
Florida reefs in small boats, and from this petty begin- 
ning the industry has expanded until it now gives em- 
ployment to over 2,000 people and keeps a handsome fleet 
of nearly 20O vessels constantly cruising along the eastern 
shores of the Gulf of Mexico. 

The sponging vessels owned in Key West may be 
divided into two classes, the first being the reef fleet, 
which is composed of small craft that rarely go far from 
shore, doing most of their work along the Florida reefs, 
and the second being the main fleet, which includes all 
the large vessels capable of going on long cruises. 

It is estimated that there is nearly $1,000,000 Invested 
in the sponge industry, and the annual value of the 
sponges taken varies from $500,000 to over $1,000,000, 
as much depends upon the character of the water and 
the abundance of the material. 

The quantity of high-grade sponges secured is never 
enough to meet the demand, a fact that may be Inferred 
from the reports of the custom house, which show that 
the United States imported sponges to the value of $5,- 
503,203 during the years 1870-94. The exports for the 
same time amounted to only $281,747, but these figures 
will soon be greatly increased if England continues to be 
a market for our grass sponge. 

There are in the Key West fleet about 200 boats, and 
the Tarpon Springs fleet consists of perhaps flfty boats. 
Many of the boats in the United States fleet are nothing 
more than row boats, which the spongers own themselves 
and work for themselves. 

If the number of boats and sailors who disappear and 
are never again heard of is a criterion, the business is 
one of great danger. The sponging grounds are in the 
track of the West Indian hurricanes and sub-tropical 
storms, which, though only local, are terrible while they 
last. Many times a fleet will start out in fine weather 
with prospects the brightest, and a week later will re- 
turn with from two to three boats missing, and a report 
that a violent hurricane struck the fleet and the boats 
were separated. The casualties to a sponging fleet are 



92 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 190T. 



never reported unless the entire fleet Is destroyed. It Is 
one of the most dangerous of all sea-going lives. 

For the most part the sponges are only trimmed and 
Bun bleached In Florida. They are shipped to New York 
and Philadelphia, as a rule, although a great many are 
shipped to England from the Bahamas. When they 
reach the North they are put through a process that 
gives them the beautiful color seen when they are put 
on sale In the stores. Sponges are of different grades; 
In fact, like almost anything else that grows, they are 
of different varieties. 

Some are more expensive than others, some are of 
a very fine grade and others are correspondingly coarse. 
Only the finer grades go through the expensive process 
of bleaching, the coarser varieties being sun bleached 
only, and sold tor cleaning carriages and windows and 
such work. The wholesale merchants have brokers at 
the wharves where the fleets land. The spongers sep- 
arate the varieties and turn them either in bins or on the 
dock, and the brokers price them, put in a bid, and the 
sale Is made by an auctioneer. There is a combine 
among the buyers of the sponges and an outsider can- 
not buy up the sponges and corner the market. 

As to how the sponges are gathered. There are several 
methods. Down among the reefs the water Is so clear 
that one can see the bottom at almost any point in still 



weather. Where the bottom Is safe, divers go down and> 
collect as many sponges as they can. placing them In a> 
basket. They are then pulled up while the diver comes- 
to the surface to breath. Some of these divers wiUi 
make from fifteen to twenty plunges In an hour. 

Another method of gathering the sponges Is by drags. 
A long rake is placed over a boat and the boatmen row 
for about twenty yards and then the rake Is drawn to. 
the surface and the sponges are removed. Another way 
of collecting the sponges is by placing a bucket with a 
glass bottom In the water and then locating the sponges 
with a hook with which they are drawn to the surface. 
This latter method is the most common one and Is used 
when there Is a ripple on the water which prevents the 
spongers from seeing the bottom. 

The Bahama dealers and the Key West dealers sell 
to the brokers from Philadelphia or New York and the 
sponges are shipped to the North and after being put 
through the process of bleaching are put on the market. 

At the Florida end of the line the sponges are all 
clipped, cleaned and classified, and are then put up In. 
the neatest of bales, covered with burlap and shipped. 
Previous to their manipulation they are all dried in a 
large yard adjoining the wharves, where racks are built, 
for that purpose. 



BOOKKEEPING FOR DRUGGISTS. 



By G. F. LOAR, Lewistown, III. 



While the subject of proper bookkeeping for druggists 
Is before your readers. I deem It worth the effort to pre- 
sent my method of keeping accounts and of knowing at 
any time how my business is. Whatever plan Is adopted 
In the mercantile lines must of necessity require some 
effort and care on the part of the merchant. A record 
poorly kept, whatever it may be, is no record at all, as 
one can guess almost as accurately on all as on a part of 
the transactions. 

In the first place, I keep a day book into which all 
purchases are credited to the firm and all discounts are 
charged against them. All my credit sales to customers 
also are entered here, and In fact all accounts except 
those represented by cash are kept and posted from the 
day book to the regular ledger. I keep also a cash book, 
which I foot up at the end of each week. On the cash 
received side my cash balance heads the week and is fol- 
lowed by daily cash sales and cash on accounts. All 
money paid cut is entered on cash disbursed side of cash 
book. This keeps track of that part of the business and 
also is in shape for my business looking glass, which is 
Important to every busine.ss man. These items are posted 
from day book and cash book and checked differently 
from my ledger check. A page will show how this is 
kept, and if one will take a few minutes time each day 
he can tell In two minutes the amount on his ledger due 
from customers, the amount owed for goods, the amount 
of stock, expenses, profits, etc. ; in fact everything to keep 
track of the business. 

In my profit column, I ascertained by keeping an Item- 
ized sale book for awhile and figure my per cent, of profit 
from this. In this it may vary in different parts of the 
year, but Is sufficiently close for all purposes. 

By adding week's purchases, $121.12 to invoice $3,000, 



For the Month of_ 



equals $3,121.12. By deducting week's sales, $189.52. less 
profit, .'!;63.12, $126.40, leaves stock on hand $2,y'J4.72. 

By comparison you can see if expenses are greater than 
profits, or whether you are buying more goods than your 
sales justify, etc. A bank account may also be kept on 
this if desired. 

With monthly footings and each item carried forward 
you have sum total of each item. 



^nicksllver Prodnction in the United States. 

According to the report ot the U. S. Geological Survey 
the production ot quicksilver during 1899 amounted to 
30.454 bottles (.?1, 452.745). against 31.092 bottles ($1,188,627) 
in 1898, showing a falling off ot 638 bottles, but a rise In 
value ot $264,118. January began with the quotation at 
San Francisco at $42 per bottle for home consumption and 
$37.50 for export, but at the end ot the year the prices 
stood at .$51.50 and $47 per bottle respectively. This is the 
highest price that has been attained since 1890. During 
the last twenty years quicksilver in the United States was 
exclusively obtained from California (except in 1887, when 
sixty-five bottles were produced in Oregon), but during the 
past year Texas has also contributed 1.000 bottles. 
The new district is situated about sixty-eight miles 
direct south ot the station Marathon, on the 
Southern Pacific Railway, in the Brewster district, and is 
about tour miles long and two miles broad. The output of 
the California mines was divided as follows;— New Alma- 
den. 4,435 bottles; New Indria, 4,780; Redington. 882; Sul- 
phur Bank, 336; Great Western, 1,545; Napa Consolidated, 
5,850; Great Eastern, 2.119; Mirabel, 543; Aetna, 3,600; 
Altoona. 3.076, and Abbott, 500 bottles. The whole produc- 
tion ot California during the last fifty years amounted to 
1,831,022 bottles, or an average of 36,620 bottles per annum. 







Sales. 




Cash Receipts. 




Profits & 


Loss. 




Cash Disbursed. 






Merchandise Bought. 


^ ^ 


9 


n 


^ 


9 


O 

3 


S 


•fl 


K 





3 




fil 


3 


2 


n 

p 


•^ 


•< 1? 


m 


'i 


E 


S- 


> 


£ 


I 


'X 




"J 


5 


5 

3 


p 


o, 


s* 


s 


t I 










O 

o 
c 
3 










g. 


8 




ro 






3 
;? 


o 


C 

3 

3" 


F : 


























■: 








s 
r 


Mon.. 7. 


$21.75 


$9.12 


$.30.87 


$21.75 


$4.25 


$26.00 


$10.25 




$ .15 


$16.25 


$3.00 


$1.00 


$20.25 


$30.00 


$5.00 


$36.00 


Tues., 8. 


26.10 


4.15 


30.25 


26.10 


12.75 


38.85 


10.10 






1.00 




i.as 


2.85 




1.00 


l.OO^ 


Wed., 9. 


1S.60 


1.75 


20.25 


18.50 




18.50 


6.75 




.38 


25.34 


1.25 


lO.OO 


36.59 


12.43 




12.43 


Thur.. IC 


29.70 


9.25 


38.95 


29.70 


7.35 


37.05 


12.95 




.45 


29.55 






29.55 


65.34 




65.34 


Pri.. 11.. 


16.40 


4.20 


20.60 


16.40 


1.00 


17.40 


6.87 


3.00 


1.00 


6.35 


4.00 


3.45 


13.80 




7.3B 


7.36. 


Sat, 12.. 


35.75 


12.85 


48.60 


35.75 


15.25 


51.00 


1620 






45.00 


7.0O 


4.00 


6600 








Bun., 13. 




$41.32 










$63.12 


$3.00 


— ^ 


$123.49 


$15.25 


$20.30 


$169.04 


$107.77 


$13.35 




Total ... 


$148.20 


$189.62 


$148.20 


$40.60 


$188 


80 


$121.1*: 



January 24, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



93 



CODE OF ETHICS. 

(REVISED 1»00.) 



PlilladelitUlu Collese of Pharmacy. 

The Pharmaceutical profession being one which de- 
mands knowledge, skill and intcgrrity on the part of those 
engaged in it. and being associated with the medical 
profession in the responsible duties of preserving the pub- 
lic health and dispensing the useful though often dan- 
.gerous agents adapted to the cure of disease, its members 
should be united on the ethical principles to be observed 
in their relations to each other, to the medical profession 
and to the public. 

The Philadelphia College of Pharmacy being an Incor- 
Ijorated institution, embracing among its members a large 
number of eminent pharmacists, manufacturers, chemists. 
.and scientists, has erected and consistently maintained a 
high standard of scientific attainment, which there is a 
growing disposition on the part of candidates for the pro- 
fession to reach; and being desirous that, in relation to 
professional conduct and probity, there shall be a cor- 
responding disposition to advance. Its members have 
subscribed to tht> following fundamental principles for 
the government of their professional conduct: 

1st. We accept the United States Pharmacopoeia as 
.our standard and guide for all official preparations. 

In compounding a prescription written in a foreign 
■country the Pharmacopoeia recognized as authority in 
that country is to be followed. For unofficial prepara- 
tions we advocate the adoption of uniform formulas in 
.accordance with the National Formulary or other stand- 
.ard works, published by national or international agree- 
ment. 

2. The practice of pharmacy can become uniform only 
"by an open and candid intercourse between apothecaries, 
-which will lead them to discountenance the use of secret 
formulas in dispensing, and promote the general use and 
knowledge of improved methods. This college considers 
that any discovery which is useful in alleviating human 
suffering or in restoring the diseased to health, should be 
■made public for the good of humanity and the general 
advancement of the healing art. We particularly depre- 
•cate the use of secret formulas between physician and 
pharmacist. 

While, at present, the college does not feel author- 
ized in requiring Us members to abandon the sale of 
proprietary medicines, it earnestly recommends the pro- 
Tpriety of discouraging their employment. 

3d. The apothecary should be remunerated by the pub- 
lic for knowledge and skill, and the charges should be 
•regulated by the time consumed in preparation as well 
as by the cost of the article sold. Although location and 
•other circumstances necessarily affect the rate of charges 
at different establishments, no apothecary should inten- 
tionally undersell his neighbors with a view to their 
Injury. 

4th. No apothecary should be engaged in furthering the 
interests of any particular physician to the prejudice of 
other reputable members of the medical profession. We 
-emphatically condemn the practice of allowing physicians 
a percentage on prescriptions as unjust to the public and 
•detrimental to both professions. 

5th. As the diagnosis and treatment of disease belong 
to the province of medicine, and as a pharmaceutical edu- 
■cation does not qualify the pharmacist for the discharge 
of these responsible duties, we should, where it is prac- 
ticable, refer applicants for medical aid to a regular 
physician. And we likewise hold that medical practi- 
tioners should recognize the value of pharmaceutical edu- 
•cation and relegate the compounding of prescriptions and 
the dispensing of all medicines to pharmacists. 

6th. As medical practitioners occasionally commit er- 
Tors in their prescriptions, which may or may not involve 
Ill-consequences to the patient if dispensed, and be in- 
jurious to the character of the prescriber, it is held to be 
-the duty of the apothecary in all such cases to protect the 
physician and to have the corrections made, if possible, 
■without the knowledge of the patient, so that the physi- 
■clan may be screened from censure. When the errors are 
■of such a character as not to be apparent, without the 
knowledge of circumstances beyond the reach of the 
.apothecary, we hold him to be blameless in case of ill- 



consequences. As the original prescription Is his guar- 
antee, we recommend that it should always be retained by 
the apothecary. 

Apothecaries, likewise, are liable to commit errors In 
compounding prescriptions, and we hold that in all such 
cases It is the duty of the physician to protect the In- 
terests of the dispenser, and stand between him and the 
patient as far as possible. 

7th. The apothecary should be able to distinguish be- 
tween good and bad drugs, and as the substitution of a 
weak or inert drug for an active remedy may be pro- 
ductive of serious consequences, duty demands that he 
should exercise his expert knowledge and good judgment 
In the selection and preparation of all remedies. We 
hold that substitution or the sale of impure drugs or 
medicines, when pure articles can be obtained, is highly 
culpable, and that it is the duty of every honest apoth- 
ecary or druggist to expose all such fraudulent acts as 
may come to his knowledge. 

8th. As there are many powerful substances that rank 
as poisons, which are constantly kept by apothecaries 
and prescribed by physicians, and which are only safe In 
their hands, we hold that the apothecary is not justified 
in vending these powerful agents indiscriminately to per- 
sons unqualified to administer them, and that a prescrip- 
tion should always be required when intended for medi- 
cinal use. When the poisons are Intended for technical 
purposes, or for the destruction of animals or vermin, 
the sales should only be made to responsible persons and 
strictly in accordance with the State law governing the 
sale of such poisons. 

9th. While we recognize the value of spirituous liquors 
as therapeutic agents and the necessity for pharmacists 
dispensing these legitimately in accordance -with the phy- 
sicians' prescriptions, we condemn as degrading and un- 
professional any attempt to make such sales a prominent 
feature of the business. 

We discountenance any attempt to foster or Increase 
the use of opiates or injurious drugs possessing the power 
of enslaving the consumer to habitual use. 

We hold that where there is good reason to believe 
that the purchaser is habitually using stimulants, opiates 
or other injurious drugs, that we should discourage such 
practice by every means possible, and we urge upon phar- 
macists the duty of exercising at all times a conscien- 
tious care in dispensing drugs liable to such dangerous 
abuse. 

10th. As pharmacy is a progressive profession, its fol- 
lowers should, by continuous study and application, keep 
abreast of the advances made in medicine and the 
sciences. It becomes our duty to encourage the elevation 
of our chosen profession by stimulating research, Inves- 
tigation and study. 

Special care should be exercised in the selection of our 
assistants. No apprentice to the business of apothecary 
should be taken for a less term than four years, unless he 
has already served a portion of that time In an establish- 
ment of good character. Assistants should invariably be 
entered as students in a college of pharmacy and en- 
couraged to secure a thorough education. As the progress 
of our profession, in the scale of scientific attainment, 
must depend mainly upon those who are yet to enter it, 
it is recommended that those applicants who have had 
the advantage of a good preliminary education, including 
the Latin language, should be preferred. 



One of the officers of the N. A. R. D. writes thus 
to a correspondent who deplores that no druggist In his 
city is making more than a scanty living: "There seems 
to be only one obstacle to the restoration of prices on 
proprietaries in your city; the apathy of the drug trade 
there in the matter of serving its own best interests. 
The National Association stands ready to help your 
druggists, but the initiative must be taken by them- 
selves." Druggists who sit down and wait for the N. A. 
R. D. or some other force to do for them what they can 
do but will not do for themselves, are likely to be dis- 
appointed in the National Association because it is not 
a charitable institution. If .they mean business and will 
go to work in earnest, the influences of our association 
will enable them to overcome the obstacles which now 
seem Insurmountable." 



94 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24. I'/:k 



QUESTION BOX 

The object of this department I3 to furnish our sub- 
scribers and their clerks with reliable and tried formulaa 
and to discuss questions relating to practical pharmacy, 
prescription work, dispensing dlfflcultles, etc. 

Requests for Information are not acknowledged by 
mall, and ANONYMOUS COMMUNICATIONS RECEIVE 
NO ATTENTION; neither do we answer queries In this 
department from non-subscribers. In this department 
frequent reference Is necessarily made to Information 
published In previous Issues of the Era. Copies of these 
may be obtained at ten cents each. 



Liqnlfl Smoke.— (B. and A.) See this journal, Novem- 
ber 15, 1900, pag-e 539. 



Koenlgrelcli Receipt — (W. P. J.) asks If there Is a 
preparation known as "Koenigrelch receipt." Can some 
reader supply the information? 



Fermentation of Slannre (E. C. S.) Tour inquiry 

Is beyond the scope of this department and you should 
consult some work like Storer's "Agriculture in Some of 
Its Relations with Chemistry." 



Dnffy's Malt Whiskey — (Salol.) The manufacturers 
state that Duffy's Malt Whiskey "Is a pure medicinal 
whiskey, entirely free from fusel oil." An outline of 
the process of manufacturing whiskey is given in the 
dispensatories. 



Oblo Board of Pharmacy (L. P. K.) The phar- 
macy law of Ohio prescribes that the Board of Pharmacy 
shall hold meetings for examination of applicants for 
registration at Columbus on the second Tuesdays and 
Wednesdays of January. May and October of each year. 
For further particulars address the secretary of the 
board. W. R. Ogier, Columbus. 



Assay of Tlnctnre of Deodorized Opinm (C. S. L.) 

You can ascertain the per centage of morphine in tincture 
of deodorized opium by following the official process of 
assay outlined in the Pharmacopoeia under tincture of 
opium. According to this process 100 Cc. of the tincture 
Should yield from 1.3 to 1.5 grams of crystallized mor- 
phine. We know of no practical process of assay of 
tincture of opium by the use of Mayer's reagent. A good 
book on pharmaceutical assaying is Lyon's' "Assay of 
Drugs." 



Solvent for Iodoform — (E. B. K.) It is stated by 
several authorities that olive oil to which camphor has 
been added (camphorated oil) will dissolve 6 per cent, of 
Iodoform. According to Vulpius, olive oil dissolves at the 
temperature of boiling water about 20 per cent, and when 
cold retains about 2 per cent. Iodoform is also soluble in 
various other fats and oils. The following ethereal oils 
and hydrocarbons dissolve iodoform in the proportions 
stated (Vulpius): Petroleum ether, 1 per cent.; benzin, 
1.5 per cent.; oil of turpentine, 4 per cent.; oil of laven- 
der. 7 per cent.; oil of cloves, 8 per cent.; oil of fennel, 
9 per cent.; oil of lemon. 9 per cent.; oil of rosemary, 9 per 
cent.; oil of cinnamon (cassia), 14 per cent.; oil of cara- 
way, 16 per cent. 



Spirit of Xltrous Ether and Tannin (T. D. C.) 

submits the following prescription: 

Potassium acetate 1 ounce 

Fluid extract of juniper lA ounce 

Fluid extract of uva ursi 1 " ounce 

Spirit of nitrous ether 1 ounce 

Peppermint water enough to make.. 6 ounces 

He says the mixture exploded and broke the bottle in a 
few minutes after being compounded. What caused the 
explosion? This prescription is one of a type frequently 
prescribed by physicians as a diuretic, and however com- 
pounded the spirit of nitrous ether will be decomposed 
by the tannin of the fluid extracts. The customer should 
have been instructed to keep the bottle loosely stoppered, 
or, better still, the gas should have been allowed to escape 
before corking the bottle. Some of the resinous matter 
of the fluid extracts is precipitated by the peppermint 
water. 



Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia .Tincture of Lobe- 
lia and Cumitoiind Siiirit of Lavender (L.. and N. J.> 

ask how to compound the following mixture so It will 
not precipitate: 

Compound tincture of cajeput, 

Hoffmann's anodyne. 

Aromatic spirit of ammonia, of each % fl. ounce 

Specific tincture of lobelia 2 drams 

Alcohol. 

Compound spirit of lavender, of each 

equal parts to make 4 ounces 

This mixture cannot be compounded without pre- 
cipitating, aromatic spirit of ammonia being incompatible 
with both the tincture of lobelia and compound tinctura 
(spirit) of lavender. The prescrlber should be Informed- 
of the difficulty. 

Ferrated AVine of Cinchona.— (L. W. S.) wants a 
formula for "ferrated wine of cinchona, the kind used OO' 
the Continent." He has tried the formula of the Danish. 
Pharmacopoeia, but he claims it is not satisfactory. The 
color of the product, he says, is the same as that of the 
citrate of Iron and quinine. The ferrated wine of cin- 
chona he has seen is of the color of sherry wine. 

In replying to this query it may be said at the outset 
that there are a number of formulas for a preparation of 
this character, none of which seems to possess substan- 
tial superiority over the bitter w^ine of iron of the Pharma- 
copoeia or the ferrated elixir of callsaya of the National. 
Formulary. However, here are several formulas, the 
first of which is taken from the non-official Formulary 
of the Dutch Society for the Advancement of Pharmacy: 

Vinum Cinchonae Ferratum. 

(Laroche's Ferrated Wine of Iron.) 

Soluble pyrophosphate of iron 2 parts 

Citric acid 1 part 

Water 3 parts 

Wine of cinchona 200 parts 

Dissolve the pyrophosphate of iron and citric acid In. 
the water, add the wine of cinchona and filter, if neces- 
sary. The wine of cinchona is prepared as folioTVs: 
Red bark (Javanese or Indian) contain- 
ing at least 6 per cent, of alkaloids, 

and powdered 1 part 

Stronger alcohol 4 parts 

Sherry wine 20 parts 

Sugar 16 parts 

Water q. s. 

Macerate the red bark with twenty parts of water for 
half an hour, then strain, transfer the residue to a dis- 
placement apparatus and pour upon it the sherry wine. 
Allow the percolate to pass slowly, and when the wine 
has disappeared from the surface, follow it by a mixture 
of four parts of stronger alcohol and six parts of water. 
Finally percolate with water until the volume of the 
whole liquid amounts to fifty parts. Let this stand for a 
few weeks until It has completely settled, then dissolve 
the sugar and filter. 

(2) Dorvault, in "L'Offlcine," ascribes the following 
formula to Robiquet: 

Pyrophosphate of iron 10 parts 

Extract of pale cinchona 5 parts 

■White wine 1,000 parts 

The following, though not used on the Continent, Is- 
probably as good a formula as any: 

Sulphate of quinine 1 grain 

Sulphate of cinchonidine 8 grains 

Sulphate of cinchonine 8 grains 

Citric acid 4 grains 

Ammonio-citrate of iron IVJ drams 

Aromatic spirit 1 fi. ounce 

Sherry wine, detannated, enough to 

make 16 fl. ounces 



The Missouri Pharmaceutical Association has, through 

its council, selected Tuesday to Friday. June 18 to 21 in- 
clusive, as the date for the twenty-third annual meeting. 
Pertle Springs (Warrensburg) is the location. For in- 
formation about local arrangements address the local 
secretary, J. V. Murray, Warrensburg. Other informatioo 
will be furnished by the secretary. Dr. H. M. W^helpley, 
No. 2,342 Albion place, St. Louis. 

The American Sanitary and Dispensary Company for 

Consumptives has incorporated in New Jersey to manu- 
facture medicines. Capital, .?200,000. Incorporators: War- 
ren Dixon, Thomas Watson and H. V. Brandenberg. 

Ed. G. Cole has bought back from W. A. Farringer his-- 

old store at Winfield, Kans. Clemens L. Katz will be in- 
charge. Mr. Farringer in turn will open a new store on< 
South Ninth avenue. 



NEWS DEPARTMENT 



NEW YORK AND VICINITY. 



DEPARTMENT STORES REFUSE. 

AVIII Xot KiitiT into "Any Asropnii-nt AVUateveP 
AVith Druggists for Vpliolillns Any Scliednle ot 
Prices on Patent Medicines'* — Joint Conference 
-Coniniittee AVIll Consider Tlieni "Agsresslve 
•CutterM." 

The refusal of the Retail Dry Goods Dealers' Associa- 
tion, wliicli Is composed of nearly all the department 
stores in Greater New York, to stand with the retail 
druggists in the movement for better prices on "medi- 
cinal proprietary articles" was received at a meeting of 
the Joint Conference Committee, Thursday afternoon, 
January 17. "It was a flat refusal," to use the words of 
Mr. Anderson, who received the information over the 
■telephone from the Dry Goods Association secretary, 
C J. Rosebault. Mr. Rosebault's message was then 
stated as follows: "The Retail Dry Goods Dealers' Asso- 
ciation will not enter into any agreement whatever for the 
upholding of any schedule of prices on patent medicines." 

While the decision was contrary to the expectations 
of the committee, it in no way affected the purpose of 
speedily adopting the N. A. R. D. plan, and the depart- 
ment stores will be regarded as aggressive cutters. It is 
■not the purpose of the committee to begin a fight against 
them any more than it is to persecute the retail drug- 
gist who has refused to agree to the price list. The 
■committee will continue its efforts to secure the con- 
sents of aggressive cutters and the department stores 
with the same zeal as has characterized its work in estajb- 
llshing the price schedule. 

Chairman Muir called the meeting to order shortly after 
3 o'clock. The minutes of the previous meeting and those 
■of the Executive Committee were read and approved. 
They showed that nearly 98 per cent, of the druggists 
had agreed to the new schedule and Chairman Muir said 
lie believed the time was r'pe for putting the schedule 
In effect. 

Mr. Cole, of the Jersey City Druggists' Association, 
then moved that February 1 be the date fixed. Con- 
siderable debate followed and the motion was amended 
to read Thursday, January 24, and on Mr. Cole's accept- 
ance of the amendment this date was decided upon. 

It was decided to send a price list and a circular letter 
to all druggists in Greater New York who had agreed to 
the list. The letter Is as fallows: 

The price- schedule herewith enclosed will become 
operative on and after Thursday. January 24, 1901. 

Every one dealing in medicinal proprietary articles Is 
■expected to conscientiously uphold and maintain these 
prices and every such dealer is requested to see that in 
■spirit and in letter these minimum prices are adhered to. 
There may be some little difficulties for a short time, but 
let every one stand up for what is only right and just and 
the retail dealer in proprietary articles may come in for 
a share of the justice. 

You are requested to Inform the secretary, G. B. 
Schweinfurth. S66 Sixth avenue, from time to time as to 
the operation of this price schedule in your locality. 

Secretary Schweinfurth was instructed to get out 
2.000 of the letters and mail them before Monday. Janu- 
ary 21. A copy Is to be sent to each department store and 
to the large grocery stores where some patent medicines 
are sold. 

Mr. Anderson read a letter he had received from 
President V. Mott Pierce, of the Proprietary Associa- 
tion of America, and Secretary Joseph Leeming, of the 
same body. The letter asked Mr. Anderson why infant 
foods and beef extracts had been omitted from the price 
schedule. It was accompanied by a list of members of 
the Proprietary Association. Mr. Anderson was In- 
structed to answer the communication. 

It was decided to continue the Executive Committee 
of the Joint Conference Committee. 

The committee then adjourned to meet again Monday, 
January 28. 



CUTTER ASKED TO RESIGN. 

Jer»e>' City DruggiHtH* AMsoeiation AVant E^ngene 
Harnett to Witlidra^v Becnnne He Opposes Move- 
ment fop Better Prices — llembers Qnestion Faith 
of New Yorli Jobbers in Upbolding Jf. A. R. D. 
Plan — Changes in Price List. 

The members of the Jersey City Druggists' Association 
decided at a meeting held Tuesday afternoon, January 15, 
that the association of "aggressive cutters" as fellow 
members was unpleasant and inimical to the principles of 
the organization, and for this reason they unanimously 
agreed to request Eugene Hartnett, vice-president of tha 
organization, to resign. Mr. Hartnett had declared his op- 
position to the price list of the association at the last 
meeting of the body. In October, and at that time offered 
himself as "a sacrifice" to the association as an "aggres- 
sive cutter." He was not present at the meeting Tuesday 
but his practices have in no way changed. When the sub- 
ject of price-cutting was first brought up it was suggested 
that Mr. Hartnett be requested to withdraw from the vice- 
presidency, but it was afterward thought best to "drop 
him altogether." 

During the discussion on prices P. O, Cole took occa- 
sion to state that he did not believe that certain of the 
New York jobbers were holding to their agreement, and 
said that he knew of two cutters in Jersey City who had 
received goods. He mentioned the firms from which these 
goods had come. Mr. Gallagher said he had seen both ot 
these firms and had been told the goods had been sent 
without the knowledge of the heads of the concerns. Mr. 
Gallagher was assured there was no intention on the part 
of the firms mentioned to violate the agreement and that 
they would take care to guard against a repetition of the 
offence. 

Some of the members at the meeting said they knew of 
certain druggists in Jersey City who were not holding 
strictly to the price list of the association, but they could 
not positively affirm the correctness of their assertions as 
the evidence was hearsay. It was then moved that here- 
after no attention should be given to complaints not ac- 
companied by "specific proof of the guilt of the person 
accused." Specific proof was explained as the actual pur- 
chase by the complainant of an article at a rate below that 
in the price list. 

Mr. Gallagher, as chairman of the Executive Commit- 
tee, gave an excellent report of the work done by the com- 
mittee. He suggested that the schedule be amended to 
conform with the schedule adopted by the Joint Confer- 
ence Committee In New York and it was so ordered. The 
changes include the following prices: All 35c. articles not 
less than 25c.; all 60c. articles not less than 55c.; all 75o. 
articles not less than 6.5c.; all $1.25 articles not less than 
$1.10; all $1.50 articles not less than $1.25; all $2 articles 
not less than $1.75. 

The association voted the Executive Committee a $2 
assessment on each of the forty members for contingent 
expenses. 

F. O. Cole reported the doings of the Joint Conference 
Committee of Greater New York. His report was adopted 
and the committee continued. 

Secretary Foulke read a communication from the Legis- 
lative Committee of the N. A. R. D.. in which it was 
urged that the members of the Jersey City association 
continue their efforts for the repeal of Schedule B of the 
War Revenue Act. 

Mr. Gallagher told the members that an attempt was 
being made on the part of certain manufacturers to have 
the tax retained. He said the motive was a selfish one 
and for this reason the manufacturers had not come out 
openly In the movement. 



o6 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 1901. 



On motion It was decided that the society send a me- 
morial to the Finance Committee of the United States 
Senate requesting the repeal of the bill and that In addi- 
tion to this each member of the organization write a letter 
to the United States Senators from New Jersey. 

A communication was received from Hall & Ruckel, 
manufacturers of "Sozodont," requesting the association 
to answer certain questions relating to the sale of the 
dentifrice. The secretary was instructed to write the firm 
for further Information In the matter. 

The resignations of J. A. Zabriskie and George iBower 
were accepted. 

William Buchblnder was elected to membership. Mr. 
Klmpel. who was named a committee of one on "new 
rooms," reported a meeting place In the "Avenue House," 
at "The Five Corners." Some of the members were not 
favorably Impressed with the place, but when adjourn- 
ment was taken It was agreed to "give It a trial" by hold- 
ing the next meeting there. 

Treasurer Levering reported receipts of $48.50; expendi- 
tures. $21.20; balance on hand, $27.30. He was Instructed 
to send a check to the N. A R. D. in payment of the 
annual dues of the society for the year. 

The question of meeting oftener was discussed and re- 
sulted In a decision to hold the next meeting February 18. 



ANNUAL MEETING DRUG SECTION. 



Dinner and Election of Officers, -tvlth Conuulttee 
Reports, Bnsiness Transacted— Col. E. 'W. Fltcb 
Chosen Cliairman. 

The annual meeting, election of ofiicers and dinner of 
the Drug Trade Section of the Board of Trade and Trans- 
portation occurred at the rooms of the Drug Trade Club 
Thursday afternoon, January 17. 

The dinner preceded the meeting. Tables were set in 
"horseshoe" shape In the private dining room of the club 
and about twenty members of the section were present. 
When the meal was finished J. H. Stallman, who acted as 
chairman In the absence of the chairman and vice-chair- 
man, called the meeting to order. 

Thomas F. Main reported for the committee on legis- 
lation. He recited its work during the last year in en- 
compassing the defeat of the so-called bottle bill, also its 
efforts in urging the repeal of Schedule B of the War 
Revenue Act. 

Mr. Stallman. who acted as chairman of the joint com- 
mittee of importers of drugs and chemicals, which had in 
charge the matter of Investigating conditions controlling 
the importation of asafetida, said that a meeting 
of the committee had been held. At the December 
meeting of the section the question of asafetida 
and the conditions governing its importation at this port 
was discussed at length. It was decided at that time that 
the fault was not with the United States Treasury but 
that the conditions Imposed in the United States Pharma- 
copoeia were too exacting. Mr. Stallman said that Dr. 
Moore, of the United States Appraiser's Stores, was pres- 
ent at the committee meeting and had informed the mem- 
bers that the situation was in conformity with a law on 
the subject, so that further action on the part of the joint 
committee was discontinued. The report was received and 
a recommendation adopted that the committee on legis- 
lation take the matter In charge, with instructions that 
prompt attention be given it with a view to securing a 
proper and practical standard for asafetida. 

Andrew B. Rogers, chairman of the special committee 
on regulating the storage of drugs and chemicals, said the 
work was progressing and the committee had completed 
a proposition for the necessary legislation. He said that 
In visiting the different houses in the city he found a 
large number of men who were not members of the sec- 
tion, although they were benefited by its work and had 
an interest in its success. The necessity for enlarging the 
membership was apparent, and it was resolved that the 
newly appointed committee on membership consider the 
existing conditions with a view to enlarging the member- 
ship and urging members to attend meetings. 

Treasurer W. D. Faris said the section had $149.42 on 
hand, but if this was further reduced it would be neces- 
sary to levy a special assessment on the members. Such 



an assessment was made five years ago. Five dollars was 
collected from each member then and the funds had been 
sufficient to the present time. The committee had muchi 
work before It now and the suggested assessment will 
probably be made in a very short time. 

John M. Peters then offered the list of nominations for 
officers for the ensuing year. He said he and Mr. Hart- 
ford, of the committee of arrangements, had decided on/ 
the nominations in the absence of the regular committee. 
They follow: Chairman, John Anderson; vice-chairman. 
J. L. Hopkins; secretary, William McConnell; treasurer. 
William D. Farls; director from the section to the Board 
of Trade and Transportation, John McKesson, Jr. It was- 
moved that the secretary cast one ballot for the entire 
ticket. Before this could be done Mr. Anderson declined 
the nomination. Mr. Peters said It was the purpose of the- 
section to alternate the office of chairman among the three- 
branches of the trade — importer, manufacturer and jobber. 
A jobber had filled the chair during the last year and It 
was to go to the manufacturer this time. Mr. Main said! 
Mr. Anderson was eminently fitted for the position, but he- 
positively declined to accept on the grounds of other busi- 
ness. The name of Colonel E. W. Fitch was then pre- 
sented by Mr. Peters and the entire ticket was elected by 
acclamation. 

Colonel Fitch was not present, so Vice-Chairman Hop- 
kins took the chair and after making a few remarks ad- 
journed the meeting. 



HOLTIN CHEMICAL CO. 



Business Methods Seem to Have Been Question- 
able — Concern's .\ffairs in Hands of Receiver — 
C. B. Frazier and L. S. ^VanaeIl Managed the 
Company's Affairs. 

About a year ago a new chemical comi>any with the 
corporate name of "The Holtin Chemical Company" com- 
menced business at 93-95 Maiden Lane. The company 
took the three upper floors. The offices were filled wltl» 
new furniture and a score of employes were secured. 
It was soon learned, howe^'er, that the $75,000 capital 
■was mostly on paper. 

H. C. Holtin, a successful news dealer at the Barclay 
and Christopher street ferries, formed the company osten- 
sibly to establish his son in business. Before he had 
fairly begun the son died and C. B. Frazier was installed 
as secretary-treasurer. Mrs. Holtin was made president. 
The firm made — or, rather, had other firms make — pills, 
pellets, cough mixtures and other medicines. Its sales- 
men sold these goods on a "boom plan." They would 
visit towns of ordinary size, put "a good order" in each 
local drug store, get a good-sized payment, and then 
commence advertising to help fhe druggist. The adver- 
tisements were inserted in the local newspaper just so- 
long as the paper would print them without pay. When 
this was asked the ads. were stopped. The druggist- 
would then refuse to settle his account and was then- 
offered stock in the company as an inducement to pay. 
This Is the method Frazier employed, according to per- 
sons who have had dealings with him. 

Mr. Holtin knew nothing of the doings of the concern 
which bore his name; he did not know he was furnishing 
money for which he received no return or accounting and' 
when he had "put in" about $10,000, according to M. G. 
WInstock, attorney for the assignee, Harry Leavitt, he- 
sold his stock to H. E. Dunn, of Brooklyn. This -was 
about September. 1900. Lately some of the creditors, to 
whom Frazier had made many unfilled promises, began to 
Inquire seriously into the workings of the concern, with 
the result that Frazier was forced into making an assign- 
ment. 

A few weeks ago a firm of high standing in the trade 
called attention to a transaction it had had with The 
Holtin Chemical Company and FYazier. Frazier had 
ordered goods of this firm, giving a check in payment. 
The check went to protest. When asked for an explana- 
tion Frazier said there was a mistake and he gave another 
check to cover both the amount called for on the first 
check and the protest fees. This also came back marked 
"N. G." A reporter for this paper \'isited The Holtin 
Chemical Co. After several unsuccessful visits L. S. 
Wandell was seen. He said a bookkeeper for the firm 
had absconded but he "would settle up to-day, as we ex- 
pect to have $1,500 in the bank." He failed to settle and 
then in a day or two the assignment -was xnade.. 



January 24, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



9T 



Attorney Winstock says many unkind things about 
Frazier and incidentally he throws in a few side remarks 
for Wandell. 

According- to Winstock, Frazier gave his salesmen 
orders on clothing houses In the city and after getting the 
clothes pawned them. He is also said to have counten- 
anced the issuance of drafts by his salesmen, wliich he 
afterwards refused to recognize. Mr. Winstock said there 
was a large stock of pills, etc., in the offices of the com- 
pany. He wanted it stated that he was working on the 
assets and as soon as the list was complete the creditors 
would be notified. 

Frazier is under $1,500 bonds, a Fidelity Company of 
Baltimore being the surety. Winstock wanted nothing 
said about the concern as he said it would injure the 
creditors of the Holtin Chemical Co. 



ANOTHER SCHEME. 



N. Y. COLLEGE OF PHARMACY MEETING. 



Interesting' Paper on *'Cincliona Barka of tlie 
New York Market," by J. H. Stallman— Fine Ex- 
hibits of Cinchona, 

One of the most interesting meetings of the New York 
College of Pharmacy held in some time was that of Tues- 
day evening, January 15, at which J. H. Stallman pre- 
sented his long-delayed paper on "The Cinchona Barks of 
the New York Market." The paper was printed in full 
In the Era, June 28. 1900.) Mr. Stallman also gave per- 
sonal recollections of the market and a brief history of 
its changing conditions during the many years he has 
been connected with it. 

Albert Plant discussed the paper and added many of 
his memories of the market. 

Prof. H. H. Rusby took up the subject from a scientific 
standpoint. He related experiences in South America in 
preparing the barks for the market, telling of the dif- 
ferent methods employed in different localities. 

Adolph Henning, who acted as chairman of the com- 
mittee, also took part in the discussion. 

There was an elaborate display of specimens. They 
were as follows: The collection of the college, which in- 
cludes specimens as far back as 1832, and these were 
compared with the barks of the present time. 

A collection of 125 specimens donated by McKesson & 
Robbins to the college. Each specimen was assayed as 
to the total alkaloids and quinine. 

Mr. Stallman presented to the college a collection of 
the barks received in the New York market at the present 
time. 

There were herbarium mounted specimens of all the 
species of cinchona, which are a part of the college 
museum. Also a collection from the Canby Herbarium. 

On motion of Mr. Goldman the principals in furnishing 
the evening's instruction were tendered a rising vote of 
thanks. 

THE DANCE OF THE ALUMNL 

The Executive Committee of the Alumni Association 
of the New York College of Pharmacy has completed its 
arrangements for the sixth annual ball and thirtieth 
anniversary, which takes place at the Lenox Lyceum, 
Wednesday evening. January 30. One of the many fea- 
tures of the grand concert will be the singing of Marie 
Laurens, the well-known prima donna. Crowley's Eighth 
Regiment band and orchestra will supply the music for 
both the concert and dances. The hall will be decorated, 
as will the boxes of the senior and junior classes, the 
fraternal orders. Kappa Psi and Phi Chi. and the Retail 
Druggists' Bowling Club. The grand march will be under 
the personal supervision of Mr. Charles H. Bjorkwall, 
with the able assistance of Mr. Joseph Pierson. 

FRED. BORGGRE^':E, Chairman. 

SOCIETY OF CHEMIC.*.!, INDUSTRY. 

The next meeting of the New York Section of the So- 
ciety of Chemical Industry will be held at the Chemists' 
Club, 108 West Fifty-fifth street, to-morrow evening. The 
following papers will be read: E. Hantke. "The Presence 
of Arsenic in Beer;" V. Coblentz, "A Brief Review of the 
Pharmacopoeia Commission and its Work;" R. C. Schupp- 
haus. "Laboratory Method of Determining Temperatures 
of Explosion" (with demonstration of apparatus); Alan A. 
Claflin, "The Use of Lactic Acid in the Manufacture of 
Leather;" Joklchi Takamine, "The Blood Pressure Rais- 
ing Active Principle of the Suprarenal Gland." 



A number of druggists In this State have been favored 
wlch a proposition, of which the following Is a copy: 
THE VALBONNE COMPANY. 
26 Cliff Street, New York,. Dec. 29, 1900. 

Drug Store, , N. Y. 

Gentlemen: 

This letter is written to one hundred leading drug- 
gists in order to find our if the following plan meets 
with their approval. Will you kindly let us hear 
from you. 

The Valbonne Co. has manufactured for them an ex- 
ceptionally high grade toilet soap, which will cost the 
retailer $18 per gross, and if resold by him at 18 cents 
per cake gives him a profit of 50 per cent. 

The plan is to organize a purely Mutual Stock Com- 
pany, authorized Capital $50,000, divided into 50,000 
shares of common stock at $1 per share fully paid, non- 
assessable, and not subject to individual liability. In 
order to interest the druggist in the sale of the Val- 
bonne Soap, the proposition is to give 100 shares of 
stock to every druggist who orders one gross of the 
soap, the number being limited to the first 250 druggists 
who accept the offer, and no one druggist is to be given 
over 100 shares. 

Thus every cake of soap the druggist sells adds to- 
the value of his 100 shares of stock. With 250 druggists 
owning 100 shares of stock each and with the natural 
growth of the sales, it is a conservative estimate to- 
say that the company will pay 10 per cent, dividends. 
The druggist who sells a gross of soap a year makes 
$8. and the dividend on his stock adds $10 or more to- 
the profit on his investment of $18. This is briefly the 
plan we present for your consideration. If you fill out 
and return one of the enclosed slips we shall be able 
to determine what proportion of the 100 druggists ap- 
prove of the plan. It enough consider it favorably, the 
letter will be sent to a sufficient number to secure the 
250 needed. Very truly, 

THOS. M. WILLEY, Pres. Valbonne Co. 

The slip which the druggist is asked to fill out is this: 
The Valbonne Co. : 

Gentlemen: "The plan for the new Valbonne Co.. as 
explained in yours of the 29th inst., has our approval. 
If you secure the approval of 250 druggists, send us 
their names, send us sample of the soap, and if it is 
satisfactory we will give you an order for one gross. 
Upon receipt of which order you are to ship the soap 
and issue to us 100 shares of the stock. 

Name 

Address 



PASSAIC (N. J.) DRUGGISTS ORGANIZE. 

Through the combined efforts of J. C. Gallagher, of 
Jersey City, and William Berger, of Passaic, a member of 
the Passaic County Committee of the New Jersey Phar- 
maceutical Association for the organization of pharma- 
ceutical associations, a meeting of the druggists of Pas- 
saic was held in that town Monday evening, January 14. 
Mr. Gallagher addressed the gathering, telling of the bene- 
fits to be obtained from association, following which a 
temporary organization was formed to be known as the 
Passaic Retail Druggists' Association. Dr. W. H. Stem- 
merman was chosen temporary president and James Mc- 
Clellan temporary secretary. There are but ten druggists 
in the town, six of whom were present, and it was said 
the other four favored the association and an advance of 
prices. Mr. Gallagher outlined the N. A. R. D. plan and 
suggested that a price schedule be adopted. This was 
done, the prices being about the same as those adopted by 
the Joint Conference Committee of this city. Those pres- 
ent at the meeting were: William Berger, Dr. W. H. 
Stemmerman. W. Protoski, J. McClellan, of the Carroll 
Drug Co.. Adolph Kroll and P. V. R. Post. The meeting 
adjourned till Friday, Feb. 8, 9 p. m., at Dr. Stemmerman's 
residence. 



CROSHER AG.\IX. 

Despite the fact that Henry P. Crosher has been ex- 
posed repeatedly as a promoter of all sorts of drug 
swindles, and is perhaps the most energetic crook in the 
trade, he keeps doing business. His list of victims is as 
complete as his conniving mind can make it. and yet 
there seems room for additions. Edward C. Wickstead Is 
his latest. Mr. Wickstead has recently secured a judg- 
ment against Crosher for $306. 



INQUEST IN CASE OP DRUGGIST EPSTEIN. 

The inquiry into the death of the infant child of 
Thomas Milliken. said to have been caused by a cough 
mixture prepared by O. B. Epstein, druggist at 94T Forest 
avenue and for which Mr. Epstein was arrested, was 
begun before Coroner Lynch at his office, T61 East 166tl» 
street, Tuesday morning, January 22. 



98 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 1901. 



9KOO DAMAGES AGAINST DRUG FIRM. 

A jury In the Supreme Court. Wednesday, January 
16, rendered a verdict of $500 damages In the case of 
Edward H. Smith, of Third avenue, against Joseph S. 
Baddour & Co., druggists at 1356 Third avenue. Smith 
sued to recover $2,500 damages and $55 medical expenses. 
The medical expenses were to pay for treatment of 
Smith's daughter, Julia, who was said to have been made 
"Violently ill by medicine taken on a prescription filled at 
Baddour & Co.'s store. The $2,500 was to pay for damages 
alleged to have been caused to her health and for wrong- 
fully filling the prescription. 

The prescription called for twelve tablets of calomel 
and Smith contended that a dozen 1-20 grain strychnine 
tablets were given instead. 

J. S. Baddour was seen last week and said he would 
pay the verdict. Mr. Baddour is an unfortunate victim 
of circumstances. He was unable to show in court that 
substitution had not been made in his store, as the clerk 
who filled the prescription, Frederick Roemer, disap- 
peared shortly after the suit was begun, about a year 
ago. Roemer, who was licensed, assured Mr. Baddour 
that he gave calomel, but as he was rather a careless 
fellow Mr. Baddour thought he possibly might have mis- 
taken the bottles. Mr. Baddour has endeavored to locate 
Roemer. but without success. He thinks his evidence 
might have saved him the $500 he now has to pay. 



DRUGGIST INHERITS A FORTUNE. 

Walter S. Rockey, retail druggist of ttts city, has been 
named a beneficiary in the will of his brother, Keller 
Rockey, who met a violent death two weeks ago in the 
•City of Mexico, where he had large mining interests. 
The estate covers a large fortune. The others to share 
In the distribution of the wealth are Mr. Rockey's mother, 
Mrs. Henry Rockey. of Wooster. O.. and his two brothers. 
John, of Wooster. O., and Rev. Charles H. Rockey, of 
Waynesboro, O. The latter has gone to Mexico and will 
return with the body to Wooster, where the interment 
wrill be made. Walter Rockey left early this week to 
attend the funeral. 



AL.L.EGED CHEMIST JAILED. 

George F. Byrne, of No. 6S South Second street, 
"Williamsburg, whom the Brooklyn police classify as "a 
young chemist," was arrested on Monday of last week for 
•carrying concealed weapons and threatening the life of a 
young woman whom he afterward said he was to marry. 
"The case could not be taken up in police court for two 
•days because of Byrne's incapacity resulting from injuries 
received at the hands of the young woman's brother and 
some of his friends. 

Byrne w*as fined $10 for carrying two revolvers and 
•was held in $1,000 bail on the other charge. 



'FIRST MEETING EASTERN BRANCH BOARD OF 
PHARMACY. 

The Eastern branch of the New York State Board of 
Pharmacy held its first meeting in the New York College 
of Pharmacy Monday evening, January 14. Only routine 
business wis transacted. Another meeting of the branch 
will be held at the same place Monday evening. January 
28. The first examination by the branch was held Wednes- 
day. January 16, in the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy. 
Thirteen persons tried the examination. 



DRUG CLERK SEEKS PARDON FOR MURDER. 

Lorenz Priori, the drug clerk, who was convicted of 
the murder of Vincenzo Garguso in 1S9S and who secured 
a respite of twenty days January 6, two days before tihe 
•date set for his execution, has made application to 
•Governor Odell for a pardon on the eround that new 
evidence shows his innocence. Governor Odell has 
granted a hearing in the case and the District Attorney 
Ibas been invited to attend. 



A "PURE FOOD" BILL IN THE ASSEMBLY. 

Assemblyman Weekes presented his bill of last year 
prohibiting the use of arsenic, calomel, bismuth, am- 
monia or alum in any food preparation, to the Assembly 
last week. The bill is said to be aimed at alum baking 
powders. 



BOYS CAMPED IN TARRANT RUINS. 

The police of the Church Street Station rounded up 
a gang of four small boys who had made a rendezvous 
in a sub-cellar in the ruins of the Tarrant fire. The boys 
had been stealing lead pipe, copper and other material 
from the ruins for many days. They had quarters in a 
sub-cellar under "Warren street, entrance to which was 
through a man-hole in t'he sidewalk. The youths, all of 
whom were not over fifteen years each, were each fined 
$10 in ix)lice court. 



GRIP AND >VEATHER HELP BUSINESS. 

In the last few weeks business in the retail drug stores 
in Greater New York has very materially increased. 
Druggists attribute this to the epidemic of the grip and 
the unreasonable weather. "We have sold more quinine 
in the last month." said a retailer, "than in some time 
before. Patent medicines are also having a good run." 



NOTES'. 

At the meeting of the Greater New York Pharmaceut- 
ical Society, held November 30, liKRl. according to report 
it was decided after much discussion to prepare a criti- 
cism of the new pharmacy law and distribute 2,500 copies 
among the druggists of the Eastern section. President 
A. L. Goldwater was asked for a copy of th^ circular 
recently after he had acknowledged that the resolution 
of his society had been complied with. He refused to 
grant the request and stated that the circular was not 
puiblic property and had been distributed to the members 
of the Greater New York Society only. 
The Troy Pharmaceutical Association met Tuesday af- 
ternoon, January 1, at Troy, N. Y., when committees on 
science, grievance, finance, and membership were ap- 
pointed. The secretary was instructed to send out postal 
cards to ascertain the views of the members on a proposi- 
tion to close their stores between the hours of 1 and 5 
o'clock on Sunday. Ten new members were admitted. 
The next meeting will be held February 6. 

The City of New York has secured an execution of 

judgment for $120 against the Barret Chemical Co. A 
few weeks ago a judgment for $120 was secured by the 
City of New York against the same firm. At this time the 
company stated the judgment was a mistake. It had been 
taken for back taxes owed by the concern. 

A fire which visited the town of Linden, N. J., and 

nearly wiped out the commercial houses of the place 
completely destroyed the drug store of Daniel G. Hiiiard. 
The Linden postoflice was located in this store and much 
of the mail matter was burned. The loss will reach $25,000 
and is only partially covered by insurance. 

Invitations have been issued announcing the annual 

ball and entertainment of the Retail Druggists' Asso- 
ciation. The event is to take place March 8 at Terrace 
Garden, 145 East Fifty-eighth street, and the Arrange- 
ment Committee, of which A. Bakst is chairman, promises 
it will be a success "in all particulars." 

Among the druggists who called on the trade last week 

were Daniel Dougherty, of the Moflitt-West Drug Co., 
St. Louis, Mo.; Charles Hubbard. Syracuse; Charles 
Hinchman. Detroit, Mich.: C. W. Snow. Syracuse; Isaac 
Hicks, Roslyn. N. Y. ; William G. Alberson, Amityville, 
N. Y., and J. G. Marshall, Auburn, N. Y. 
"William Cagger, of Brooklyn, and formerly a manu- 
facturer of druggists' glassware in that borough, died 
last week in Richmond, Va., where he had journeyed 
in hope of benefiting his health. Mr. Cagger retired from 
business about six years ago. His wealth is estimated 
at about $1,000,000. 

L. Lurie, a well-known member of the Retail Drug- 
gists' Association, whose store is at 2T6 Broome street, 
has recently returned from a visit of two weeks at Phila- 
delphia. He said business was excellent there and nearly 
all the druggists were getting better prices than drug- 
gists receive here. 



January 24, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



99 



January 16. It was largely attended and a pleasant even- 
ing was passed. 

Charles Bernstein, who owns a drug store at 96 Hester 

street, has purchased the store o£ Weltrnann & Savin, 
Vi'/j Hester street. There are several drug stores in this 
vicinity and Mr. Bernstein made the purchase to lessen 
competition. 

Prof. H. B. Baldwin delivered an interesting lecture 

on chemistry before a large audience at the Newark 
College of Pharmacy, Newark, N. J., Tuesday evening, 
January 15. The lecture was illustrated by stereopticon 
views. 

C. J. A. FitzslmmoTis, of the Importing department of 

the local branch of Parke, Davis & Co., and well known 
In the trade, has returned from his wedding trip. He 
visited Baltimore and Philadelphia. 

Charles F. Markell. Australian representative for 

Parke, Davis & Co., with offices at Sidney, who had been 
visiting here for the last two weeks, has returned home, 

Charles M. Dugay, druggist at Thirty-fourth Street 

and Third Avenue, has returned recently from a ten day's 
trip to Montreal. 

David Boyer, formerly a retail drug clerk, has accepted 

a position with the Vin Palmetto Tonic Company, of this 
city. 

Harry Thornton, representative in New Tork State and 

Connecticut for Parke. Davis & Co., is in Detroit. 
Fred. Wandelt and Augustus Post have secured judg- 
ment against Arthur C. Searles for $1,360. 

Complaints are heard from retail druggists of the 

scarcity of licensed clerks in the city. 

S. H. Carragan, of the local branch of Parke, Davis 

& Co., spent last week in Detroit. 

Theodore Hepp has bought a store at 120th street 

and Eighth avenue. 

- — J. Diner, of 126th street and St. Nicholas avenue, has 

gold his store. 

. — N. Kruskal has withdrawn from the Harlem Drug 

Company. 



IN AND ABOUT BOSTON. 



NEAR NEAV YORK. 

. — W. Logan, formerly with the Bebier Pharmacy, 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., is in the city. 

F. E. Brownell has accepted a position with S. J. 

Betts at Bayonne, N. J. 

David Neer has accepted a position with Van Riper & 

Co., Passaic, N. J. 



The Proceedings of the Second Annual Convention of 
the N. A. R. D., held in Detroit in September last, may 
be procured of Secretary Thos. V. Wooten, 153 LaSalle 
street, Chicago. Societies and individuals will be sup- 
plied with any number of copies desired free of expense. 



The names of the candidates who were successful in 

passing the Indiana State Board examination on Janu- 
ary 10 at Indianapolis, Ind., are as follows: Registered 
pharmacists, Edward L. Fieser, Rochester. Ind. ; George 
D. Timmons, Valpraiso, Ind.; Harry Milliman, St. Joe, 
Ind. Registered Assistant Pharmacists— William E. El- 
brecht, Douisville, Ky.; Matt Nickles, Sellersburg, Ind. 
The next regular meeting of the Indianan Board of Phar- 
macy for the examination of candidates will occur at 
Lafayette, Ind., on the 11th and 12th of April, 1901. C. E. 
Crecelius. 



STRANGE MIDNIGHT SCENE IN A DRUG STORE!. 

Boston, Jan. 19.— A. H. Copley's drug store at Dor- 
chester was this week the scene of an unusual sensation. 
It was at 2 A. M. that a young woman school teacher In. 
the Andrews school in Dorchester suddenly became mildly- 
insane and, running from her home, for a time roamed the 
streets, clad only in her night attire and barefooted, 
although the ground was covered with ice and snow. 
Finally, the young woman gave a scream, threw up- 
her arms and fell flat. The first to reach the prostrate 
woman was a powerful man, who lifted and carried her 
across the street to Copley's drug store. Police officers 
came to her assistance, also, and when they requested 
her to sit down so that her feet would be removed from 
the cold marble floor she became indignant and almost 
uncontrollable. Finally her identity was discovered and 
members of her family summoned. They brought clothing 
with them but she refused to put it on and declared that 
she was dressed enough in the embroidered nightrobe. 
She demanded soda and other articles of the drug clerk, 
and it was some time before she could be made to go 
home in a carriage provided for her. Truly, drug stores- 
are often the scenes of strange occurrences. The father 
of the young woman said that when she was a girl she- 
showed signs of hysteria, but she never before had been 
taken in this violent way. 



At a meeting of the Erie County, N. T., Pharma- 
ceutical Association held in their rooms at Buffalo, Janu- 
ary 11. 1901, the following resolutions were adopted: 

WHEREAS. A bill repealing the war tax on medicines 
tinder Schedule B is now before the Senate, having met 
the approval of the House of Representatives, therefore, 

RESOLVED. That we. the members of the Erie County 
Pharmaceutical Association, urge upon the Senators of 
the United States relief from the war tax and ask their 
favorable action on the bill which is now before them, 
to repeal that part of Section B of the War Revenue 
tax relating to medicines. And 

RESOLVED, That we regard this as a burdensome 
and unnecessary tax at this time, depriving a legitimate 
business of its proper returns by oppressive class taxation. 

RESOLVED, That we ask that this relief be Immediate. 

RESOLVED, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the two Senators of the State of New York, 
and to all other members of the Senate. 

J. A. LOCKIE:, S. a. GROVE. 

President. Secretary. 



A DRUG CLERK LOSES HIS LIFE. 

Boston, Jan. 19.— Under what looked at first like very 
suspicious circumstances. Arthur A. Pettingiil, a chemist 
employed by Theodore Metcalf Company, this city, lost 
his life. One afternoon this week he and another man 
were found dead in a small room in the lodging house 
at 39 Dwight street. One man sat in a chair with hi» 
head bowed on his breast. The other lay on the bed. 
Both were fully dressed. There was a gas stove burn- 
ing in the room and the gas burners were both burning 
brightly. The door was shut and the room was intensely 
hot, and It was the opinion of the physician who made 
a superficial examination of the bodies that death was 
due to lack of oxygen, the lights having eaten up all 
the pure air there was in their room. It looked at first 
like a case of suicide. The men had been In the room 
since the previous night. When found, the bodies were 
still warm. Half-filled whiskey bottles at first gave, rise 
to a theory of drugged liquor, but the medical examiner, 
after thorough investigation, decided that death was 
the result of insufficient pure air in a small, close room. 
Pettingiil had been at the Metcalf Tremont street store 
only a short time, having previously been employed at 
the 'Brookilne branch. He was considered an expert 
chemist and a man of fine qualities. When he failed to 
show up at the store as usual, it was presumed that he 
was ill. Both the unfortunate men are spoken of In the 
highest terms by those who know them. 



NO USE FOR DRUGS. 

Boston, Jan. 19.— Rev. John Alexander Dowie, the head 
or general overseer of the Zion movement of the whole 
world, arrived in Boston this week on the Cunard steamer 
Saxonia from Liverpool. With him were his private 
secretary, O. L. Sprecher, his stenographer, Ernest Wil- 
liams, and his personal attendant, Carl F. Stern. The 
party came here after varied experiences abroad. Dr. 
Dowle is a strenuous fighter against modern spiritualism, 
of which Theosophy, Christian Science and others of that 
Ilk are but the outcome, so he declares. He made the 
statement here in Boston that It was not until 1S84 that 
divine healing became the strongly prominent feature 
In his ministry. This really began with the healing of 
himself thirty-seven years ago, since when the sick have 
thronged to him day and night and hundreds were 
healed of all sorts of diseases. He believes that 1,000,000 
people have left off drugs and doctors since he started 
In this work thirty-seven years ago, as a result of his 
endeavors. 

The third reception of the season given by the Alumni 

Association of the New York College of Pharmacy to the- 
students of the college was held Wednesday evening,. 



ICX) 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 1901. 



sickness Helps Baslness. 

Boston. Jan. 19.— There Is much general sickness in and 
about this city Just now, grip being especially prevalent 
here as In other places, and there are other ailments 
which claim many victims. The death rate is particularly 
high, far ahead of the corresponding week of last year. 
AH this illness has kept doctors busy day and night, and 
Its resulting effect has been extra business on the part of 
retail druggists. A large number of people suffering from 
slight trouble, either a throat ailment or cold of greater 
-or less degree, as distinct from grip, has meant a larger 
'demand for simple remedies for alleviating or curing these 
troubles. The general drug market begins to show de- 
cidedly more activity, opium perhaps leading in point of 
Interest. Camphor is strengthening somewhat, and the 
list of drugs as a whole shows rather firm prices. Chemi- 
cals likewise seem to have a firm undertone and prices 
hold well, all things considered. Dyestufts are in fairly 
good demand. 



NOTES. 

In the window of A. L. Whitcher's drug store in Wo- 

burn. opposite the railroad station, a great window scene 
has been arranged. It represents the far North, the 
painted background showing snow and ice, while in the 
foreground, and occupying the entire window, is a large- 
sized stuffed polar bear which was shot in Greenland by 
George H. Clark, taxidermist of the Peary Greenland 
Expedition. The bear weighed when alive (or imme- 
diately after being shot) eleven hundred pounds and is 
six and a-half feet in length. Standing on its four feet. 
as set up in the window of the drug store, it presents 
an impressive picture. There also is shown a fur-clad 
Esquimo, ready to shoot the bear— not with a rifle, how- 
ever, but with a tiny Brownie camera. The scene in the 
background is a faithful painted copy of a photographic 
view taken in. the cold regions by Mr. Clark. The whole 
scene is typically "winterish" in look and has attracted 
widespread attention and much admiration. 

In the annual report of the State Board of Health. 

which has just been presented, it is stated as to food 
and drug inspection that the whole number of prose- 
cutions of offenders for the past fiscal year was ninety- 
four for fraudulent sales of milk, and of these eighty- 
nine were convicted; for illegal sales of drugs the cases 
number five, all convicted. All of the parties accused In 
court of fraudulent sales of food were convicted. The 
report says that there has been during the past year 
an unusual increase in the adulteration of jellies, jams, 
and preserves, in the sophistication of cheaper kinds of 
fruits with aniline dyes. The whole number of samples 
of food and drugs examined since the beginning of work 
in 1SS3 is 117.515, and the number of complaints entered 
is 1,476. 

In his inaugural address. Mayor Charles S. Baxter, of 

Medford, detailed the progress of that place toward per- 
fection as a suburban municipality, and said among 
other things: "During the past year certain of our drug 
stores have not received a license for the sale of liquor 
at the hands of the Board of Aldermen. This year, I 
shall instruct the chief of police to be very rigid in the 
examination of all drug stores. This privilege granted 
to druggists for the sale of liquor at the nominal fee of 
one dollar per year places in the hands of our druggists 
a privilege which they should jealously guard and never 
abuse." 

A fatal mistake was made by a woman named Mrs. 

Mary Beatty, who accidentally drank a large quantity of 
wood alcohol at her home in Hastings street, Cambridge- 
port, on the night of January 15 and died soon after she 
had taken the liquid. A doctor was summoned but could 
do nothing to save the woman's life. The wood alcohol 
had been used in the house for disinfecting purposes, and 
It was contained In a Jamaica ginger vial, hence the mis- 
take. A sad feature Is the fact that the woman leaves 
eight children. 

The Drug Clerks' Union, of Springfield, had a meeting 

this week to organize in a formal way for the ensuing 
year, electing the following named officers: President, 
Stephen Morris; vice-president, Marshall Johnson: treas- 
urer, Thomas Lloyd; secretary, Fred Robertson; delegates 



to Central Labor Union, J. T. Doyle, Stephen Morris, 
Marshall Johnson, H. M. Leroux and George Cooley. 

Bowling continues a favorite diversion during the 

leisure hours of the clerks of the Eastern Drug Company 
of this city. This week their opponents were clerks of W. 
R. Mackin & Co. The drug clerks' scores were as follows: 
Quinn. L>;i;i; Cullen, 234; lliggins, 2.50; Grant, 247, and 
Williams. 266, a total of 1.2'JO. as against a total of 1,271 
made by the opposing team. 

By the bursting of a big fly wheel in the engine works 

of the Merrimac Chemical Company, at Woburn, portions 
of the wheel were thrown through the building and one 
piece struck an employee, injuring one of his legs. He was 
taken to the Massachusetts General Hospital. Consider- 
able damage was done the building. 

A queer looking pair made up of a long man and a 

short one tried to buy liquor from the druggists of Taun- 
ton one daj' this week, and after they had left town It was 
supposed that they were spotters working for the police 
department which, however, professed ignorance of their 
Intentions. 

A man who proved to be F. E. Hubbard, who was a 

travelling salesman for the William Barker Company, of 
Troy, N. T., died in a Lawrence drug store of heart dis- 
ease this week. He was forty-five years of age and his 
home was at Fort Edwards, N. T. 

John W. Sargent, a popular druggist whose store in 

Pleasant street, in the West End part of Maiden, is one of 
the most popular pharmacies there, has for some time 
been confined to his home and bed with a complication of 
liver and kidney troubles. 

The store and stock of George E. Duprey's pharmacy 

at Brockton were damaged by smoke and water from a 
fire this week which caught in the basement beneath the 
drug store, occupied by an electrical company. Mr. 
Duprey was insured. 

Two men were badly burned one afternoon this week 

about the face and hands by the breaking of a carboy of 
acid which they were trying to empty at J. Otis McFad- 
den's, in Cornhill. where they were employed. 

This week's exports from the port of Boston include, 

among other things, drugs and chemicals, $24,517; bops, 
$1,220; India rubber manufactures, $10,737; tobacco. $18,- 
218; wax, $247; spirits, $27,371. 



April Ttb Is Easter SnndaT. 

A druggist's interest in Easter begins before the above 
date, for he must look after the purchase of his stock of 
Easter egg dj-es. It is in this connection that we call his 
attention to the advertisement of the Donnell Manufac- 
turing Company, of St. Louis, on another page of this 
issue. They have utilized the old familiar German myth 
that the white rabbit is responsible for the colored Easter 
egg, and have made a most attractive line of egg dyes, 
which they call "White Rabbit Dyes." These have not only 
become popular with the children, but with the trade, on 
account of their ready sale, and perhaps on account of 
the 100 per cent, profit there is in them to the retailer. In 
White Rabbit Dyes for this season there are some new and 
catching ideas, and the manufacturers claim these to be 
the only paper dyes that give sixteen different colored 
designs for five cents, including pictures of prominent men, 
flowers, birds, animals, figures in color and in marble and 
picture effects, and in each box are packed highly colored 
lithographed streamers and hangers showing eggs in vari- 
ous colors and designs. They claim, too. that these dyes 
are the only ones that give forty beautiful, highly colored 
lithographed pictures in each box for free distribution to 
the children. The dyes are well established, and millions 
of packages have been sold with complete satisfaction to 
everybody. Thej' are carried in stock by nearly every 
wholesale druggist in the United States, and retailers are 
particularly requested to look for the two-page colored 
lithographed advertisement which will appear in the Feb- 
ruary 7th issue of this paper. 



January 



24, 1901.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



lOI 



PHILADELPHIA. 



PHILADELPHIA COLLEGE OP PHARMACY. 
Plianuncenticul Meetiugf. 

The fourth of the series of pharmaceutical meetings of 
the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy for 1900-01 was held 
Tuesday, January 15. Mahlon N. Kline presided. The 
meeting was a notable one in that a number of papers of 
•exceptional value were read. Professor J. H. Beal, of 
Sclo, Ohio, widely known for his labors in connection with 
the sub.iect of pharmaceutical jurisprudence, presented a 
paper having the title, "A Lesson in Practical Politics Ap- 
plied to Pharmacy Legislation." The importance of this 
paper is evidenced by the fact that, as stated by the 
speaker, the methods outlined by him have been prac- 
tically applied in securing pharmaceutical legislation in 
Ohio. The subject of the paper was discussed by Messrs. 
Kline. Cliflfe and Professor Remington, after which a 
special vote of thanks was tendered Professor Beal for its 
presentation. 

An exceptionally valuable and timely paper on "The 
Chemistry of Ipecacuanha," by Dr. B. H. Paul and A. J. 
■Cownley, of London, was presented on behalf of the au- 
thors by Professor Henry Kraemer. The authors not only 
■dealt with the chemistry of the drug but also gave the 
results of the latest pharmacological experiments with its 
<:onstituents. 

M. I. Wilbert, of the German Hospital, Philadelphia, 
read two very interesting papers entitled respectively: 
"The Use of X-Rays in Detecting Adulterations in Drugs" 
-and "The Production of Nitric Acid from Atmospheric 
Nitrogen," both of which subjects the author demon- 
strated by means of electrical apparatus furnished for the 
•occasion through the courtesy of Messrs. Queen & Co. 

"Improvements in the Remington Pharmaceutical 
Stills" was the subject of a communication by J. Percy 
Remington, B. S., who illustrated the same by means of 
the apparatus, exhibited in sections and also in operation. 
Those commenting upon the subject of this paper were: 
Messrs. Proctor. Boring and Lowe. 

Among the exhibits were two motors which were pre- 
sented by W. L. Cliffe. One of them was made from rock 
of volcanic origin and was obtained by the donor in 
Mexico, where it was used for pounding up Chili or red 
pepper; the other was a carved mortar from Arabia, 
■where it was used for grinding coffee. Wallace Procter 
presented a pair of saddle bags which formerly belonged 
to a Philadelphian who was an engineer in the United 
States Army in Mexico. In addition an apparatus for 
Tapidly gumming labels was exhibited. 

Among the papers promised for the next meeting are 
the following: 

1. "Remarks on a New Cold Cream and Other Oint- 
ments." By William C. Alpers, Sc. D.. of New York City. 

2. "Why Do Syrups Spoil?" By Alfred I. Cohn, of New 
York City. 

3. "Assay of Coca." By William R. Lamar, of New 
York City. 

4. "Gum Mastic." By Henry C. C. Maisch, Ph. D. 

5. "The Ebulliscope." By William R. Lamar, of New 
■New York City. 

The "social meeting" held Tuesday night under the 
•auspices of the third year class was a brilliant success. 
Indeed, the unanimous verdict of the many guests was 
that this was the most admirably arranged and conducted 
•entertainment of the season. Museum Hall was beauti- 
fully decorated with potted plants and wreaths of smilax 
■and greens, while the stairway was made a verdant bower 
by tastefully arranged wreaths and plants lining both 
sides. A very entertaining programme was rendered by 
several well known amateurs, after which dancing began 
and continued to a late hour. A splendid lunch was 
served to the guests during the intermission, and the 
committee took good care that none went away unserved. 

The officers of the third year class, to whom is due the 
•credit for the evening's success, are: President, V. C. 
Michels; vice-president, F. M. Murphy; secretary. Miss 
Mary P. A. Fegley; treasurer, O. S. Kraus; executive 
•committee. E. P. W. Gerber, chairman; T. W. Penrose, 
W. C. Wolfer, G. M. Musser. W. K. Harris, all Pennsyl- 
'vania boys. 



F. A. R. D. NOTES. 

Philadelphia, January 19.— The Entertainment Com- 
mittee of the P. A. R. D., in whose charge the 
progressive euchre for this year is to be, met 
and organized on Thursday last. The members of 
this committee are: Chairman, Charles Rehfus; vice- 
chairman, C. F. Chandler, M. D. ; secretary, W. W. Chal- 
fant; treasurer, C. W. Shull, and Messrs. Cozens, Kratz, 
Batdorff, Henry, Pinnerty. Neft, Fehr and Strunk. Imme- 
diately after organization the chairman appointed com- 
mittees as follows: Hall committee Cto arrange for place 
of entertainment), Messrs. C. W. ShuU, H. J. Batdorft 
and C. P. Chandler; card committee, W. W. Chaltant; 
prize committee, Messrs. Kratz, E. J. Pinnerty, Cozens 
and Rehfus; hadge committee, Messrs. Chandler and Reh- 
fus; committee on printing, Messrs. Chalfant, Fehr, Neff 
and Henry; music committee, Messrs. E. J. Pinnerty. Bat- 
dorff, C. W. Shull and L. W. Strunk. 

It was decided to fix the price of tickets at 75 cents 
instead of 50 cents as last year, and to limit the sale of 
tickets to 1,200. The hall committee was instructed to 
act at once in securing a place of meeting for the 
"euchre," Horticultural Hall being deemed the best place. 
The committee found that there is only one open date for 
Horticultural Hall between now and February 20, so Mer- 
cantile Hall, Broad and Master streets, was suggested as 
a very favorable location. The question of place of meet- 
ing, as well as the date of the "euchre," will be decided 
at the next meeting of the committee, which is to be 
Monday afternoon, at 2.30 p. m., at the Odd Fellows' 
Temple. 

The entertainment promises to be even a greater suc- 
cess than that of last year, interest among local druggists 
being quite marked. A number of wholesale houses have 
indicated their intention of donating prizes for the con- 
testants. 

President Rumsey has completed his list of appoint- 
ments for the various standing committees, and notices 
are being sent out to members of these appointments. 
Recent happenings have aroused a very great amount of 
enthusiasm in local work, and the P. A. R. D. was never 
stronger nor its members more in harmony than at the 
present time. During the visit of the Philadelphia mem- 
ber of the National Executive Committee, N. A. R. D. (J. 
C. Perry) to Chicago last week quite a compliment was 
paid to the P. A. R. D. by the committee members and 
also the Chicago Association in the numerous questions 
that were asked as to the ways and methods of doing 
business that the P. A. R. D. had made so successful. 
The general verdict was that Philadelphia stands at the 
top ol the list for actual work done and for successful 
method of organization. 

A Retail Druggists' Association was formed by the 
Lancaster County druggists recently, practically all of the 
druggists in Lancaster County enrolling. W. N, Stauffer, 
of New Holland, was elected secretary, and the work of 
formulating a price schedule was at once begun. H. L. 
Stiles, of the P. A. R. D. Committee on County Organiza- 
tion, gave valuable assistance in aiding the promoters of 
the Lancaster County Association to get together and 
form an organization, a work that his past experience 
well fits him tor. 

The Wilmington (Del) Retail Druggists' Association has 
prepared a price schedule for proprietary articles and has 
submitted it to local druggists. This schedule has met 
with practically unanimous support, one or two "cutters" 
alone holding out, and at a conference soon to be held it 
is expected that these two will come into line. 



Brisk Trade. 

Philadelphia. Jan. 19.— Business continues to be brisk 
and profitable, almost every section of the city reporting 
a heavy trade during the past week. Prescription busi- 
ness is very large, being tar above the average, and most 
of it is of a paying nature. Owing to the increase of the 
now prevalent "grippe," druggists are having brisk ?ales 
of preventive and curative drugs, and cough medicines 
tablets, gargles, etc.. can scarcely be made fast enough to 
supply the demand. Sales of chest protectors, pads, 
plasters, etc., are quite good. In wholesale circles the 
prosperity of the retailers is active in causing a decided 
pick-up in trade, orders coming in good, both as to quan- 
tity and quality. The majority of jobbers are through 



102 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, igoi. 



with stock taking and are making brisk bids for reUll 
trade. Nothing of note Is going on In heavy drugs and 
chemicals, the demand being good and several large sales 
being reported. 



NOTBS. 

One of the neatest and most business-like down-town 

drug stores Is that of W. W. Chalfant, at Fifteenth and 
Tasker streets. Mr. Chalfant Is a thorough believer In 
local advertising, and his window displays prove that he 
knows how to make effective use of material In a timely 
way. The note just made was inspired by the effective 
window display made by Mr. Chalfant this week from 
timely remedies and preventives of the "grippe" epi- 
demic now prevalent, an idea that may be copied by others 
with paying results. 

Despondent because he had been unable to secure em- 
ployment, John McCoach. of No. 720 S. Twenty-first 
street, attempted suicide at his home PYiday by taking 
strychnine. He was taken to the Polyclinic Hospital and 
last night his condition was considered very serious. 
McCoach was formerly employed in a Chestnut street 
drug store, but lost his position a few months ago. 
Mr. Funk, of Funk & Groff, West Philadelphia drug- 
gists, has been nominated for Common Council on the 
Republican ticket to represent his ward. As the nomina- 
tion is practically equivalent to an election, the Twenty- 
seventh Ward will secure an able representative among 
the City Fathers. Philadelphia would be vastly Improved 
If all of her Councilmen were druggists! 

Very few changes are noted for the past week, business 

being so good that no one wants to move. Shoemaker & 
Busch moved into their new building at Nos. 511-515 Arch 
street Just before the close of the year and are now in 
good shape as to Interior arrangements, their office 
quarters being among the finest in the city. 
The many friends of Mr. Davis, for a long time man- 
ager at Leedom's Filbert street drug store, have been 
congratulating him on his recently acquired store at 
Franklin street and Columbia avenue. Mr. Davis expects 
to make a number of alterations and improvements soon. 

H. Klnsler has relinquished his position at Smyser & 

Scott's and has taken to the "road." "Foodlgests" are 
his specialty with which he will try his maiden efforts. 
and his friends all wish him every success in the new role. 

A very enjoyable progressive euchre was given by 

Theo. Campbell at his home in Overbrook last Thursday 
evening, a number of physicians being among the guests. 



Lincolii Tea. 

The Lincoln Proprietary Co., the manufacturers of the 
well-known Lincoln tea, have secured at great pains and 
expense a reproduction of the famous 1860 bust of Abra- 
ham Lincoln, which is now in the Senate Chamber in 
Washington. We have seen a copy of this bust, and can 
say that it is all that it is represented to be. It is ivory 
white clay, eighteen Inches high, and is an exact repro- 
duction of the only bust of Lincoln taken from life. 

One of these busts can be secured free of charge by any 
retail druggist who will accept the following proposition: 
Four dozen Lincoln tea to be ordered at the price of $2 
per dozen, the tea to be shipped through any jobber or 
direct from the manufacturer, the order to Include any 
number of samples desired, with the druggist's imprint 
on. and to Include a dozen Lincoln tea free, to pay for 
distributing the samples. Included in the shipment are to 
be a number of copies of the latest edition of their beauti- 
ful 100-page book of Lincoln stories and anecdotes, a copy 
of which is to be given to any customer who purchases 
a package of this tea. On receipt of the druggist's accept- 
ance of this offer, the bust is sent, securely packed, with 
the advertising matter described above. The bust is un- 
marred by advertising and could not be bought alone for 
less than $10.00. 



G. W. Meredith & Co., East Liverpool, C. offer to the 
retail trade a beautiful Jardiniere and Pedestal. They 
are handsomely decorated In colors, stand four feet high, 
and are an ornament to any store or even to any home. 
They are offered to druggists absolutely free, under cer- 
tain conditions which they will explain to any one ap- 
plying. 



BALTIMORE. 



MARYLAND COLLEGE OF FHAUMACY. 

Baltimore, Jan. IS.— The monthly meeting of the Mary- 
land College of Pharmacy, the first In the new year, was 
exceptionally well attended. The report of the treasurer 
showed the institution to be in a gratifying financial con- 
dition. H. A. Eiiiott and C. V. Emlch were re-elected 
vice-presidents, and J. Edwin Hengst and H. A. Brown 
Dunning were chosen to succeed themselves as mem- 
bers of the board of examiners. The value of Instruc- 
tion In practical pharmacy, the new departure established 
at the beginning of the academic year, with H. P. Hynson 
as Instructor, was strikingly exhibited in the results of 
the examinations, the first to l>e held In this branch of 
studies. Mr. Hynson pointed out in particular how the 
foundation for correct business habits could be laid by the 
course and practices overcome, which, if left to take a 
firm hold upon the student, served as a clog upon success 
in all his future career. The course Includes everything, 
from tying up a package correctly to compounding a pre- 
scription and the routine in stores. The members of the 
college were deeply Impressed with the demonstration. 
The standing of the classes was reported to be unusually 
high. Louis Dohme. the former president of the college, 
who has been traveling in Europe for some time past for 
the benefit of his health, sent greetings. He wrote that 
he was greatly improved, and during all his travels kept 
the success of the school constantly before him. When 
he will return Is uncertain. 



GREATEST NUMBER OF PRESCRIPTIONS. 

Baltimore, Jan. 19.— As in every other city, there Is keen 
rivalry here among several leading retail drug firms for 
the distinction of putting up the largest number of pre- 
scriptions during any one year. For several years the 
files of a Baltimore street establishment showed that it 
had done the largest prescription business in Baltimore, 
the total running up to somewhere in the neighborhood of 
30,000. At the close of 1900 the numbers on the prescrip- 
tions Indicated that the honor had been transferred to a 
Cliarles street firm. This does not. of course, settle the 
question of who had the biggest trade, for so many other 
articles enter into consideration, besides the prescriptions, 
that the number of the latter does not afford a criterion 
for comparisons. Nevertheless, the reputation of ha\'1ng 
put up more prescriptions than any other store is rightly 
regarded as of much value, and in the future the competi- 
tion to be first will be as keen as It has been in the past. 



THE DRUG TRADE BOAVLERS. 

Baltimore, Jan. 19.— The Drug Trade Club bowlers keep 
on pegging away "nith a determination worthy of the 
nobility and healthfulness of the sport. Last Tuesday the 
Root and Herbs took two of the three games from Parke. 
Davis & Co., with 707, 6S1. and 715 against 608, 713. and 
563. Last night the Winkelmann & Brown Drug Company 
encountered Muth Bros. & Co., and secured two of the 
three contests with 625, 731, and 672 against 633. 687, and 
659 points. Lockwood made high score and high average 
for the winners, and Cook held this distinction for Muth 
Bros. & Co. These games leave the teams in the following 
positions: 

Games Games Per 
Teams Won. Lost. Cent. 

Root and Herbs 18 6 .750 

Sharp & Dohme 16 8 .667 

McCormick & Co 16 8 .667 

Jas. Ballv & Son 16 8 .667 

Winkelmann & Brown Drug Co 9 18 .333 

Muth Bros. & Co 8 18 .296 

Parke, Davis & Co 3 21 .125 



Business Continnes Quiet. 

Baltimore, Jan. 21.— Business here in the various 
branches of the drug trade is quiet, whicli does not mean, 
however, that it is Inactive. On the contrary, the re- 
tailers are exceptionally brisk just now, numerous de- 
mands being made upon them by the prevalence of the 
grip. Their prosperity Is reflected In a larger trade for the 
jobbers and an augmented Inquiry for the preparations 
of the manufacturers of pharmaceuticals. The market 
for botanicals remains practically unchanged. Dealers- 
still maintain a waiting attitude and prices continue flrm.- 
The movement of heavy chemicals is limited. 



January 24. iipi. 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



i«3 



NOTES. 

Adam tiosman. for many years engaged In the retail 

drug busines.^ at the southeast corner of Mulberry and 
Charles streets, and inventor of the ginger ale named 
after him. has sold his pharmacy and retired from active 
work. Mr. Gosman is one of the oldest pharmsioists In 
the city and enjoys an enviable reputation for thorough- 
ness and solid attainments. He 'had been in fairly good 
health until recently, when increasing phN-sical infirmities 
compelled him to husband his strength. He had gained a 
competency, which was materially augmented by the sale 
of his interest in the ginger ale business. Last year he 
made an exten.sive trip to Europe. 

The improvements in the pharmacy of Theodoric Smith, 

Pennsylvania and Lafayette avenues, have been com- 
pleted. They include a new soda fountain of highly artis- 
tic design, new furniture, handsomely carved and polished, 
plate glass windows and an entrance on the corner in 
the place of the two facing the streets mentioned. The 
store is now one of the most attractive in the city. 

Campbell & Co. are making various improvements in 

the store recently purchased by them, at the corner of 
North and Park avenues. New fixtures and furniture are 
among the innovations, and the walls will be handsomely 
frescoed. 

H. A. Snodgrass. of Martin.sburg, W. Va.. was among 

the visiting pharmacists in the city last week. 



Grape Jnice. 



Dr. W. H. Burt, Chicago, In his book on "Consumption 
and Liquids," says: "Unfermented grape juice is prob- 
ably the most useful element (outside of milk) we have to 
commingle with water and form a beverage. It not only 
contains water originally, but many of the elements that 
go to build up the solids of the body. It is not only pala- 
table but very nourishing, and can be drunk longer and 
with better results than any substance I am acquainted 
with. The best preparation that I have found is that pre- 
pared by Dr. Welch, of Westfield, X. T." 

This natural tonic so highly praised by Dr. Burt is made 
by the Welch Grape Juice Co.. of Westfield. N. Y.. whose 
advertisement appears on the back cover of this issue. 
Theirs is probably the best known grape juice on the mar- 
ket, and. if we are not mistaken, more of it is sold in this 
country than any other brand. It is certainly the best 
known. Druggists, therefore, make no mistake in carry- 
ing it in stock, for they have a preparation which they 
know will please the consumer and afford to themselves a 
good profit. 



Granulated Glneer. 

The granulated Jamaica ginger furnished by McCor- 
mick & Co., Baltimore, Md., is made from the finest grade 
of Jamaica ginger, selected for its percentage of resin. 
The fibre and dust are all removed after grinding, which 
makes it easy to prepare from it liquid preparations free 
from sediment, which is bound to accumulate when 
ordinary ground or crushed ginger is used. By using 
Mccormick's Granulated Ginger, filters and percolators 
are kept clean, and are not filled by the dust which not 
only ruins the filter but frequently gets through. Mc- 
Cormick & Co. are importers and spice millers, as well as 
manufacturers of fine drugs for the trade. They make a 
specialty of high grade goods, and will be glad to furnish 
samples and prices to any drug buyer interested. 



DETROIT. 

PARKE, DAVIS & CO. INCREASE CAPITAL 

Capidil S(<i<-k liK-reiim-il «o f l.r.fM>,(KM»— S«oc-Uholcler» 
Given <M>ll<>n €>ii >e« Sif>rk lit 1^.'<»— New ttaar«er» 
for Solenfittc DepiirtnientH. 

Detroit, Jan. 16,— The annual meeting of Parke. Davis 
& Co. took place yesterday, the l.'>th, and the following 
officers were elected: President. T. D. Buhl; vice-presi- 
dent, D. C. Whitney; secretary. H. A. Wetzel; treasurer, 
John H. Smedley; general manager. William M. Wairen; 
board of directors, all the officers as named above and 
Truman H. Newberry and E. T. Swift. 

An important item of business transacted at the meet- 
ing was the decision to increase the capital stock from 
$1.1!(M).(«I0 to $1,500,000, an increase of $3(NI.CMXI. shares to be 
fM each. Each stockholder— and there are many of them— 
Is to have the option of purchasing whatever proportion of 
the $.300,000 his holdings may bear to the whole amount of 
stock already issued. If any of the new stock is not sold 
to the old stockholders by February 1 the board of direct- 
ors may dispose of it as they shall determine— but not at 
less than $.^0 per share. 

Printed circulars were immediately sent out to all the 
stockholders. Attached to the circulars are three blanks, 
one agreeing to take the subscriber's proportion of the new 
$3(t0.000 issue, the second agreeing to subscribe for a pro- 
portionate number of such shares as are not taken by 
those entitled to them on February 1. the third waiving 
all claim to the new issue. 

Parke. Davis & Co. stock has a par value of $25 per 
share, but sells readily in the market at present some- 
where near $70. and it pays 10 per cent, dividend. It Is 
believed that the present stockholders will be only too glad 
to avail themselves of the privilege of buying more at $50, 
and that there will be none of the new stock left to dispose 
of on February 1. 

In an interview with Manager W. M. Warren, it was 
learned that apart from the obvious advantage and satis- 
faction of wiping out its entire indebtedness and of placing 
the firm in a position beyond the reach of business vicis- 
situdes and panics, it is now at liberty to proceed with the 
execution of a long cherished design. For a number of 
years has been felt the necessity of providing a commodi- 
ous, ample and modern home for the scientific staff. The 
plan of an elaborate science laboratory devoted exclusively 
to research work along chemical and pharmacological 
lines, provided with every facility, and occupied by men 
who are to be exempt from routine work, is a very tempt- 
ing and promising one, and Parke. Davis & Cn. are now 
ready to execute it. Architects have begun their estimates 
and drawings. An ideal site on the river bank is afforded 
by the large "block " of land recently purchased and ad- 
joining the present buildings. The building will very 
probably be 160 feet long. 60 feet deep and three stories 
high. It is. therefore, hoped that ere the year expires 
there will be a suitable home for the various scientific 
departments — experimental, analytical, bacteriological, 
pharmaco-medical and botanical. 



A Mill for Griudlngr '\'auilla Beans, Etc. 

Druggists who want a mill that will grind vanilla or 
tonka beans, or similar oily substances, will do well to 
correspond with A. W. Straub & Co., No. 3737 Filbert 
street, Philadelphia. His mill. No. F 4. is just what la 
wanted. It will grind nearly all kinds of drugs, carbonate 
of ammonia, spices, herbs, roots, vanilla beans, raisins, 
with or without seeds, peanuts for peanut butter, etc., etc. 
The mechanism of this small mill is similar to the large 
ones that they make, which have been in constant use for 
twenty years. This mill is substantially made, is not high 
in price, and is guaranteed to give satisfaction. 



GRIP BOO.MS BrSI.\'ESS. 

Detroit. Jan. 19.— The wholesalers have been kept very 
busy all the week filling orders for grip cures, the disease 
continuing its ravages in the city and State. Quinine 
seems to be the favorite drug for the trouble, in spite of 
the fact that many of the city's physicians have come out 
flat-footed against it. So great has been the demand for 
it that one day one of the wholesale houses was sold out 
of it completely and had to procure it from Its neighbor. 
The second day after the shoe was on the other foot, and 
there was a chance for the first house to be neighborly. 
Retailers throughout the city report a big trade in patent 
medicines which are warranted to cure grip, and people 
seem to be buying them instead of taking a doctor's pre- 
scription. 

JiOTES. 

.\t the meeing of the Legislative Committee of the 

State Pharmaceutical Association, held at Lansing last 
Tuesday, it was decided to push the amendment to the 
State pharmacy law, as published in the Era of the 17tli 



104 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, I'joi. 



Inst. On Wednesday the bill was Introduced In the Sen- 
ate. It is said to have excellent backing, and there Is 
every prospect that it wUl go through. 

The Michigan Drug Company have found It imperative 

to have more room for their manufacturing department 
and have leased a four-story building on Lamed street. 
Kast. near their own building. It will be used tor storing 
manufactured stock and raw materials used In manufac- 
turing. 

Joseph Kirchner. druggist, at the corner of 'Elmwood 

and Fort street, E., Detroit, has purchased the stand 
owned by Dr. S. H. Goodwin on Champlain street and 
will run It as a branch store. 

The New Century Club, composed of the young lady 

employees of the Michigan Drug Co., will give a social 
hop on Monday evening. February 4. 



A Glass Sprinkler Top. 



The Brawner patent self-closing glass sprinkler top is 
something which every manufacturer, large or small, 
should know about. It is a sprinkler top and a glass 
stoppered bottle ail in one, and at almost the price of an 
ordinary cork. There is nothing to get out of order, 
nothing to corrode. The bottle looks like a ground stop- 
pered one. and the sprinkling device is perfect. Another 
beauty of this sprinkler is that if the stopper is left out 
evaporation cannot take place because the sprinkler closes 
itself when not in use. This stopper is recognized by per- 
fumers and manufacturers of toilet preparations as the 
best one they have ever seen. It costs much less than a 
metal sprinkler, is very simple and seals the bottle abso- 
lutely. Samples will be sent by addressing the manufac- 
turers, Swindell Bros., Baltimore, Md. 



The Calendar That Predicted the Galveston Storm. 

One of the best calendars we have seen this season is 
that published by the Chattanooga Medicine Co.. of Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn. They are, of course, well known to the 
trade as the manufacturers of Mc'Elree's Wine of Cardui 
and Thedford's Black Draught. This calendar consists of 
twelve sheets. 13x20 inches, fastened at the top. Each 
sheet contains the calendar for one month in large figures 
that can be read across the room. Under the figures pat- 
ent weather signals indicating Prof. Devoe's weather fore- 
casts for every day in the year appear. This is the cal- 
endar that accurately predicted the Galveston storm a 
year before it occurred. We understand a few copies can 
be secured by sending ten one-cent postage stamps to the 
Chattanooga Medicine Co. 



In James W. Tufts' advertisement in this issue he 
draws a parallel between the boy who went to the circus 
and spent more than the price of admission on the side 
shows and other extras, and the man that buys a cheap 
fountain and pays more than it is worth the first year in 
repairs. He says that the price paid for a soda fountain 
Is really the sum of all expenses connected with the 
fountain during the first year. He calls attention to a 
man who reaps a fortune by making watches for $6 and 
selling them for S3, which was explained when the size of 
his repair department was noted. Mr. Tufts points with 
pride to his record of nearly half a century as a manu- 
facturer of reliable and handsome soda water apparatus, 
and asks intending purchasers to trace the Tufts 1900 
model down through fifty years of improvements. He will 
send a portfolio of illustrations to any intending purchaser 
on application, and will take old fountains in part ex- 
change. 



We take pleasure in again calling attention to Daggett's 
School of Pharmacy Lecture Course, which is advertised 
on anofher page. This is a concise and comprehensive 
series of lectures on Ph.armacy, Chemistry and Materia 
Medica. of particular value to those who wish to pass 
State Board of Pharmacy examinations, as well as lor 
physicians and pharmacists as a work of reference. It 
is a l>ook of 120 pages, recently revised and enlarged, 
and Is sent postpaid for $2. 



CHICAGO. 



N. A. R. D. WORKS RESULTS IN CHICAGO. 

Jobbers Slen .\sreement to Uphold Tripartite Plan. 

Chicago, Jan. 19.— The Executive Committee of the 
X. A. R. D., through its chairman, Mr. Holllday, has 
scored again. Chairman Holllday remained here after 
the recent meeting of the committee to give aid and com- 
fort to the Chicago druggists and to help along the work 
of the N. A. R. D. by explaining and bringing home to 
the Chicago brethren the methods of the national or- 
ganization. Among the things accomplished this week 
was the following agreement signed by all the Chicago 
jobbers in the order given. The agreement is similar 
to the one in New York City and was siBned by the 
jobbers on the representations of Mr. Holllday as a 
straight business proposition, making sure that Chicago 
is in line with the trend of national events In drug 
circles. The agreement is as follows: 

Chicago. 111., Jan. 17. 1901. 
We. the undersigned jobbing druggists of Chicago, 
III., hereby promise and agree to carry out loyally and 
faithfullv the spirit as well as the letter of the Tri- 
partite Rebate Plan, and pledge ourselves to give our 
fullest co-operation to the proprietors and to other job- 
iDers in order to make the N. A. R. D. plan a success. 

We speciflcally agree that when we receive notice 
through the Secretary of the N. A. R. D. that any one 
has been "reported" under the terms of the Tripartite 
Plan, we will not sell such person any such eoods. 

We further pledge ourselves to allow no discount on 
goods coming under this agreement except the regular 
discount for intermediate quantities and the customary 
discount for cash. 

We further agree to sell no goods coming under this 
agreement to brokers, or through brokers except to 
recognized wholesale distributers of proprietary medicines. 
We will report violations of this agreement to the 
chairman of the Proprietarv Committee of the N. W. D. A. 
ROBERT STEVENSON & CO.. 
PETER VAN SCHAACK & SONS. 
FULLER & FULLER CO., 
MORRISSOX. PLUMilER & CO., 
LORD. OWEN & CO.. 
HUMISTON. KEELING & CO. 
This, however, is not all that has been accomplished. 
Mr. McConnell, the head of the Economical Drug Com- 
pany, ha-s agreed to cast his lot with the majority of the 
druggists and will consent to whatever advance it may 
be deemed advisable to make all along the line. The 
position taken by the Executive Committee is a reason- 
able one and meets the objections of those who at first 
are inclined to disagree with the N. A. R. D. plans in a 
business-like, sensible way which all may agree to with 
profit to themselves and without compromising in the 
slightest degree the personal consistency of any one. 
It is probable that some mutually satisfactory ar- 
rangement will be entered into soon with the depai^ment 
stores. An etflcient committee of two of the most prac- 
tical men in the local trade is in charge of that part of the 
work and results may be looked for soon. 

Mr. Holllday leaves to-night for Kansas City and St. 
Louis. 

THAT CHICAGO "SYXDIC.\TE" AGAIN. 

Chicago. Jan. 19.— Druggists are inclined to comment 
on the following item which appeared this week in a 
local paper under "Incorporations:" 

"The Dearborn Company. Chicago; capital stock. 
$250,000; paid up, $2.5.000; to manufacture, compound, buy. 
sell, deal in and handle drugs, chemicals, proprietary 
and other medicines, soaps, perfumes, toilet articles, soda 
water, tobacco, cigars, etc.. and do a general drug busi- 
ness. Incorporators, George S. Lord, Joseph Trienens, 
Charles R. Dickerson, Charles W. Hayden and Charles 
H. Baldwin." 

All of the above incorporators are connected with the 
house of Lord. Owen & Company except Joseph Trienens, 
who is manager of the Buck & Rayner stores, and 
Charles H. Baldwin, who is an attorney. 

Mr. Trienens, when approached by your correspondent. 
refused to say anything about the matter, and Mr. Lord.j 
of Lord. Owen & Company, when asked if there is any- 
thing in this story in connection with the syndicate o^ 
drug stores reported in this and other journals, simply 
laughed and replied that he knew nothing about any 
.syndicate and that the plans of this company were as ye^ 
not matured. 

It comes from pretty reliable sources, however. that< 
a company does exist here in which one or more member 



January 24, 1901. 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



105 



of a prominent wholesale drug house are Interested, whose 
purpose It Is to buy all the leading retail stores In the 
downtown district. Dyche's drug store, at State and 
Randolph streets, was the most recent purchase, the other 
stores owned by the "syndicate" having already been 
named in a previous issue of this journal. As a business 
proposition such a scheme would be a good one for those 
with enough capital to swing it. Ten or a dozen stores 
■with an average net Income of $15,000 a year each would 
pay interest on a good sized sum of money and under 
circumstances such as pointed out above would be fairly 
regular customers of one wholesale house. London, Eng- 
land, has a Jobbing house which owns 150 drug stores, 
so why not Chicago, U. S. A.? There is certainly a lot 
of pressure somewhere, while only a little steam is escap- 
ing, hence the conclusion seems to be that some heavy 
person must be sitting on the safety valve. 



own. This closed the programme. Refreshments were 
handed around and the guests remained until a late hour 
enjoying a sociable time In the club rooms and bowling 
alleys. The cigars were excellent, the coffee and sand- 
wiches equally so. and the service was of the quietly efll- 
clent kind which marks .skilled hands and quick eyes. 





CRABS 






ir.i 


Thomas 


1« 


15,T 


IfA) 


Bauer 


VJit 


184 


97 


Odbert 


129 


147 


1H4 


Medbery 


173 


1.S.S 


161 


Armstrong 


142 


177 



CHICAGO DRUG CLUB ENTERTALIV.S. 

Chicago, Jan. 17.— The entertainment given last week 
at the rooms of the Chicago Drug Club was a huge suc- 
cess. Every number on the programme was a good one. 
The club had possession of the bowling alleys for the 
•evening, and prior to the commencement of the formal 
programme two match games were played between picked 
teams of well known drug men. The prizes were a hand- 
some stein made in the figure of a large owl. and a set 
ot ten pins, the former being the reward for the highest 
score and the latter for the lowest. The teams were fa- 
cetiously named the lobsters and the crabs. The score 
■was as follows: 

LOBSTERS. 

Lvon 19C 

Hunt 147 

Matthews 134 

Phelps 1.^S 

Schmidt 160 

When the games were finished the members and their 
guests, about 200. assembled in the main club room, where 
President H. A. Antrim, in a happy speech, outlined the 
aims and purposes of the club, and urged upon every 
member the duty of attendance and loyalty. At the close 
of his brief speech he announced as the first number on 
the programme a well known and accomplished pianist. 
Mr. Charles W. Greene, whose selection was listened to 
•with close attention and enthusiastically encored. 

The 'Hiawatha quartette of male voices next gave a 
medley, and for an encore gave another medley, both of 
■which were so well liked that only the promise of Presi- 
dent Antrim that they would be called upon later in the 
evening prevented a second immediate recall. 

By no means the least enjoyable feature of the evening 
were Press Woodruff's stories, which won him hearty ap- 
plause. 

The feature of the evening from a musical standpoint 
v.-ere the instrumental solos given "by Master Abe. Schelne- 
■man, a lad nine years of age. He has played the piano 
since he was three years old. He displays an undoubted 
genius for the piano, for not only is his rendering tech- 
nically correct, but he has also that quality of feeling, 
power and delicacy ■which many an adult player has 
■striven a lifetime to acquire and never achieved. Having 
music in his soul, he reaches the music in the souls of his 
auditors. J. N. Crampton, a member of the Hiawatha 
•quartette, and a former member of the "Bostonians." sang 
"The Stein Song" in the splendid bass for which he is 
noted, and sang again because of a most enthusiastic en- 
•core. Stanley A. Davis, a successful young business man 
of Chicago, gave several very amusing sketches in char- 
acter. The quartette next gave two selections, after which 
President Antrim announced the result of the bowling 
contest. The prize for the highest score was ■won by F. K. 
Lyon, whose score was 347 for the two games. The low- 
•est score was made by Charles E. Matthews, who was 
"duly awarded the prize for such case made and provided— 
a set of ten pins, consisting of ten safety pins of giant 
size arranged triangularly on a huge white card. Afier 
•the hilarity had somewhat subsided President Antrim 
started to announce that the end of the programme had 
come and that refreshments were in order, but was fore- 
stalled in this design by the unanimous demand of the au- 
dience that he himself take the floor in some readings ot 
"his own. This he did, and acquitted himself well. His 
encore "When the Hearse Comes Back," by James Whit- 
comb Riley, was done in a style quite as good as Riley's 



CliieiiRo Trnilc Improvea. 

Chicago, Jan. m.—Wluitever change there has 'been this 
week In business has been tor the better. Trade Is strong 
and remarkably steady and orders are abundant enough 
to keep every one busy. The manufacturers are as busy 
as they could reasonably desire to be and some of them 
are from a week to ten days ibehind on their orders. The 
jobl>ers are equally busy, the demand being especially 
good on all staple lines. In sundries the trade is not so 
active as before the holidays, but is fairly good never- 
theless. 



XOTES. 

The following telegram was sent to Senator Mason, 

of Illinois, last Thursday: 

"Hon. Wm. E. Mason. Washington. D. C: 

"Rumors of possible failure of tax repeal, drug trade, 
deeply interested and very anxious. Can you wire me 
any information? 

THOS. V. WOOTEN, 
Secretary National Association of Retail Druggists. 

No reply had ibeen received on Saturday. George L. 
Douglass, attorney for the Proprietary Association of 
America, is now in Washington on business connected 
with the proposed repeal of Schedule B. 

Lord, Owen & Company, wholesale druggists, have 

moved into their new building on Randolph street, between 
Franklin and Market streets. The building is six stories 
high, constructed of steel and tiling, making it abso- 
lutely fireproof. One floor will be rented out for the 
present, the company occupying the other five and a mid 
floor between the first and second floors proper, giving In 
all six floors occupied by the company. The interior 
fittings and furniture are fine and convenient. The build- 
ing is equipped with several electric elevators and gas 
and electric lights. 

The police are looking for Irving Riley, who for 

several years has "been a trusted clerk in the employ of 
Druggist L. C. Hatchek, 1985 West Lake street. His 
employer, ■who acts as agent for the American Express 
Company charges Riley with having taken $180 from the 
cash register and $408, ■which 'had been left for trans- 
mission to the state treasurer ot the Brotherhood of 
I.,ocomotive Firemen. When Hatchek entered his store 
yesterday he learned of the disappearance of his clerk 
and the money. He then notified the police. 

The stock of the Economical Drug Company on State 

street was damaged by water this morning (19th) to 
the extent of $150,000. A fire broke out on the floor 
above the store and the water ran through the celling 
on the stock. 

The Chicago Drug Trade Bowling Club beat the 

Physicians' Club of Columbus Memorial building by two 
games out of three this week on the alleys of the Chi- 
cago Athletic Association. 

A ten-pound boy was born to the wife of A. E. 

Rutherford, Twenty-second street and Wabash avenue, 
one week ago last Monday. 

—A girl was born to the wife of George V. Haering, 
West Madison and Jefferson streets, on Saturday morn- 
ing, January 19. 

E. B. Fetherston has sold his store at North Clark 

street and Wilson avenue to James Gardner. 

R. T. Sill has sold his store at West Lake and Paulina 

streets, to Selbert & St. John. 

J. H. Wells has sold his Oak Park store. 




The closest scrutiny fails to dis- 
cover a fault in the appearance of 
the products of the New York 
Quinine and Chemical Works, and 
chemical analysis will certainly 
confirm their claim for purity, and 
every careful druggist will do well 
to specify N. Y. Q. when ordering 
fine Medicinal Chemicals. 



io6 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, 1901. 



THE NORTHWEST. 

DRl'Ci "MEN GET SO.METHI.NO TO EAT. 

St. Paul, Jan. IK.— Nearly all of Ihi- eighty-live retail 
druggists of Minneapolis attended the third annual 
banquet of their association at the West Hotel Tuesday 
night. Their wives and invited guests were with bhem. of 
course, and the druggists had as thoroughly good a time 
as could have been looked for under wifely espionage. 
For an hour preceding the feed a reception was held in 
the promenade gallery of the West, and here it was that 
the members of the association were given a chance to 
shake hands with old friends, make new acquaintances 
and meet the few members of the organization who have 
come into the field since the meeting of last year was held. 
E\'eryone seemed heartily glad to see everyone else, and 
the greetings were marked by a friendliness that seemed 
to indicate that rivalry in business is still compatible with 
a feeling of personal regard. There was no reception com- 
mittee and the ante-prandial hour was marked by a de- 
lightful informality. At halt past 9 o'clock the doors of 
the ladies ordinary were thrown open to the banqueters, 
and in a few minutes every seat at the tables was taken. 
Indeed, the attendance rather outran the expectations of 
the committee which had the dinner in charge, and it was 
necessary to provide extra tables before all the guests 
could be seated. The menu was an elaborate one and the 
different courses were admirably served. At the con- 
clusion of the dinner speeches were made by Frederick J. 
Wulling. of the State College of Pharmacy; Thomas 
A'oegeli, J. C. Eliel. W. K. Hicks, E. V. Clark, A. J. Kline 
and J. H. Marshall. Charles H. Huhn acted as toast- 
master The speeches were quite as keenly enjoyed as 
were the exercises that had precedd thm. 

NOTES. 

^Successions: Morton & Hibner, Iowa Falls, la., by 

Charles G. Hibner; Lomas & Son, Cresco. la., by the 
Lomas-Hllz Drug Co.; A. F. Powell. Spokane. Wash., by 
Sells Bros.; R. K. Thompson. Linden, la., by the Mallory 
Drug Co.; Herley & Fay. Emmetsburg. la., toy George F. 
Herley; West Bros.. Greenfield. la., by Wright & Goff; 
Brown & White, Quasqueton, la., by l/ouis M. White; 
Maxwell & Miller, Sewal. la., by Walter Miller; Adair & 

Roberts, Yale. la., by Roberts. 

A. T. Hall, who runs the drug store at Twelfth and St. 

Peter streets, St. Paul, fell on the icy sidewalk last night 
near his home on St. Albans street and broke one of his 
legs. 

H. [F. Scott. Aberdeen. S. D.. has been in the courts 

and is victim of a judgment for a small amount. The 
same must be said of F. C. Forbes, of Seattle, Wash. 

J. W. Bowden, who returned from Rice Lake, WMs., 

last week, has gone to North Branch. Minn., to invoice 
the Lindmark stock. 

C. D. Weldin & Co., Crawfordsville, la.; J. H. Rippey 

& Co., Kingsley, la., and Dunlevy's Pharmacy, Bedford, 
la., have sold. 

The Dunn Drug Co., at Park River, N. D., has been 

burned out. The loss was ?7.n0O, with $4,900 insurance. 

The Detroit. Minn., branch of Mac Gregor & Goodrich, 

Audubon, Minn., was damaged by fire the other night. 

Fred. I. Barker has gone to Bowbells, N, D., to take 

charge of the drug store there for the winter. 

The Buckeye Candy and Syrup Co.. Duluth. Minn., has 

changed its name to the Century Coinmercial Co. 

And it is currently (and credibly) reported that Edgar 

Fuchs, of St. Paul, got married Tuesday night. 

F. W. Fox has left Hersey. W'is., and gone to Mr. 

Wagnild's drug store at Rice Lake. 

New stores: George Nelson, Volga, S. D. ; O. K. Win- 
berg. Lake Park. Minn. 

J. T. Briee. of Brice & Collins. Stevensville. Mont., has 

made an assignment. 

Mrs. H. A. Moore, Monroe, "Wash., has given a bill of 

sale. 

Lindley Grisell. Bartley, Neb., is removing to Kansas. 

. W. F. McCarthy has gone to work at Frazee. 



ST. LOUIS. 



ST. LOUS URl'G CI.BIIKS' H.\>'(ll ET. 

Si. I-ouis, Jan. 19.— The St. Ltiuls Drug Clerks' Society 
held their annual ban(|uet at the West Knd Hotel on 
Thursday night. Jiinuary 10. The attendance was not up 
to expectations, but this was largely due to the fact that 
several of the members who never miss a meeting were 
at home sick with the grip, which has been quite prevalent 
here for the past month. The menu was equal to the dig- 
nity of the occasion. After this was disposed of the fol- 
lowing speakers entertained the members with responses 
to various toasts; Prof. J. M. Good. Dr. J. C. Falk. Prof. 
O. A. Wall. Carl G. Hinrichs, Dr. H. M. Whelpley. Frank 
L. E. Gauss. Dr. H. L. Staudinger, S. E. Barber, Charles 
LIp.s, L. H. Schlenker, Dr. C. S. Rehfeldt, Carl G. Klie 
and H. A. Molles. Good fellowship ran high and the ques- 
tion of securing new members was substantially discussed. 
As a consequence several parties donated $10 each 
to be offered as prizes to those securing the largest num- 
ber of new members during the ensuing year. The donors 
were as follows: H. J. Gray, S. E. Barber, Charles Lips 
and Frank L. E. Gauss. 'Both Messrs. Barber and Lips 
are ex-presidents of the organ(*allon. aj>'i Messrs. Gray 
and Gauss have long been associated with its members. 
All of them have done much toward placing the organiza- 
tion on Its present high basis, and this Is not the first time 
they have substantially aided the society. The executive 
board has charge of the prize fund and will divide it up 
and make announcement as to allotments in the near 
future. President I. A. Schulherr was out of the city and 
so Vice-President G. R. Gibson ably presided at the ban- 
quet. The following is a list of those present who, with 
a very few exceptions, were members of the organization: 
G. R. Somers, Dr. H. S. Staudinger. H. A. Mollis. C. 'Witt, 
V. F. Willett, W. A. Martin, C. Hinrichs, L. H. Schlenker. 
G. R. Gibson. H. J. Gray, C. G. Kile. C. E. Dustln, R. 
W'alker. G. Walch. J. G. Finch, Dr. C. S. Rehfeldt. S. E. 
Barber. C. Lips, Frank L. E. Gauss, L. H. Seegall, T. 
Runge. D. E. H. Henckler, F. ^'. Grabenschrorer, E. A. 
Lefner. F. A. Christopher. H. H. Huger, C. Sassman. A. 
W. Kauffman, Dr. O. A. W^all, Dr. H. M. Whelpley, Prof. 
J. M. Good. 



Tour customers will come again for Four-Fold Lini- 
ment.. 



AVILL TRY THE N. A. R. D. PLAN. 

St. Louis, Jan. 10.— The N. A. R. D. plan will be put in 
operation in this city within a very few da\-s. Under the 
management of the St. Louis Apothecaries' Society all ar- 
rangements have been completed. To the officers of that 
organization is due the credit of several months of hard 
work in getting the druggists together and ascertaining 
their wishes. They expected to have it in operation by 
the middle of this week, but a few details hung' fire: but 
they will undoubtedly be satisfactorily arranged in a day 
or so and then the radical cutters will have a difficult 
time in securing goods. The local jobbers are right with 
the retailers and giving them all support possible, and 
will continue to do so. Some of the cutters have expressed 
themselves as hoping the plan will work satisfactorily, 
and say that in such a case they will gladly join the local 
association and help to restore prices, but they desire to 
see that the movement is certain of being a success before 
they change their business principles, which they have 
followed so long. There are others of the cutters who re- 
fuse to discuss the subject and will not express an opinion. 
The plan of the local association, which is governed by the 
desires of the majority of local druggists, is to establish 
a slightly increased price at first, say eighty cents for dol- 
lar preparations, and then after a few months to raise the 
standard. They deem it unadvisable to ask full prices 
from the start. 

NOTES. 

Dr. Alfred G. Bauer died at the Protestant Hospita 

on last Thursday afternoon. He was a graduate of the St. 
Louis College of Pharmacy and of the Missouri Dental 
College. Mr. Bauer was about twenty-four years of age 
and was born and raised in this city. For several years 
he was a clerk at Pauley's Pharmacy. Fourteenth and 
Madison streets. Mr. Bauer was an exceptionally bright 
and ambitious young man. and had a very bright future 
before him. His death resulted from an operation for ap- 






January 24. lyoi.] 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



107 



pendicitls with which he had been troubled for some time. 
He was a member of the St. Louis Drug Clerk's Society 
and both of his alumni associations. Mr. Bauer was one 
of those big hearted, good natured young men who had a 
kind word and pleasant smile, which came from the bot- 
tom of his heart, for everyone. He was a hard worker 
and a good student, a man of many virtues and few faults. 
His old classmates, as well as all who knew him, feel that 
they have lo.st a friend whom they can never exactly re- 
place. The funeral was held from his home at No. 1432 
Chambers street. 

A very interesting and entertaining lecture was deliv- 
ered before the Alumni Association of the St. Louis Col- 
lege of Pharmacy by Dr. W. D. Hoeftkin on last Tuesday 
night. His subject was "City Garbage." The doctor is 
one of the leading chemists of the city and has made this 
subject one of his special studies. It Is quite evident 
from his lecture that if such a man as he were In charge 
of the city garbage department the good housewife would 
not have so many comiilaints to make to the Sanitary De- 
partment, and the per cent, of sick people would be greatly 
reduced. 

P. J. Weber, manager of the store at Seventh and 

Spruce streets, desires to say a word of warning to any 
thoughtless drug clerk, and that Is, "Be very careful In 
pressing a cork into a bottle." 'He will probably have a 
stiff thumb the remainder of his life as the result of haste 
and carelessness in pressing a stopper into a pint bottle 
last week. The bottle had a flaw in it. one side being ex- 
ceedingly thin, and it gave way cutting the tendon and 
artery, and it will be several days before he can use the 
hand at all. 

The physicians of the State seem to be more alive to 

their interests than the pharmacists. They have had a bill 
introduced in the Legislature which, if it becomes a law, 
will require everyone desiring to register as a physician 
in the State to pass an examination before the State Board 
of Health. As yet nothing has been done toward securing 
better pharmacy legislation. 

• Walter Smith, clerk at the Plerson Drug Co., No. 51S 

Olive street, met with a severe accident while liquefying 
some carbolic acid last week. It was the .same old story 
of the sides of the can contracting just as he was about 
to remove it from the stove although done with precau- 
tion. As a consequence he is confined to his room with a 
very severely burned face. 

'Herman Frese, chief clerk at the Wolff-Wilson Drug 

Co., and Miss Sarah Kuttner, the cashier tor this firm, 
were quietly married last Sunday afternoon. They have 
both been with the firm for a number of years and if their 
domestic relationship is as harmonious as their business 
relationship has been there Is certain to be one happy 
home in this city. 

E. H. Burkhardt, proprietor of the Market street Drug 

Co., Fourteenth and Market streets, says he does not mind 
being called up at any time of night to sell a postage 
stamp or fill a prescription but he does not like the idea ot 
being routed out at 2.30 in the morning by a $000 fire as 
was the case last night. 

The druggists' team in the Commercial League are 

now in the lead among the cocked hat bowlers. Last 
Tuesday they won two out of three from the office men's 
team, with which they were tied. The members of this 
team are: Gressow, Neu, Nieman, David and Enderly. 

P. J. Pfefter has become proprietor (Vf the store where 

he has clerked so many years at Thirteenth street and 
Geyer avenue. The former proprietor. William F. Kahre, 
after a well earned rest, will probably be found at some 
new location in this city. 

A Retail Druggists' Bowling Club has been organized. 

It will meet at the Cote Brilliant Alleys on Friday nights. 
The members are Fred Moss, A. R. Scheu, A. C. Skinner, 
Charles Stalle, F. Harris, W. H. Lamont and J. H. Gutt- 
mann. 

At the meeting of the Druggists' Cocked Hat League 

last Thursday night the following results were recorded: 
Moffitt-Wests. 2; Meyer Bros.. 3; Mound City Paints, 3; 
The Searle & Hereths, 2; Eli Lilly, 3; J. S. Merrells, 2. 

A fact not very well known Is that this city has a drug 

store conducted by a full blooded colored gentleman. It 



Is at No. 2«01 Morgan street and C. F. Cruse Is the pro- 
prietor. He reports a good business. 

William C. 1-elser, the young druggist at Kads and 

Nebraska avenues, was married last Thursday to Miss 
Kmma E. Brenner, a popular young lady of the south side. 

Alex Cruslus has at last found a stand that is to his 

liking and the former Hicks Pharmacy at Taylor and 
Cottage avenues is now adorned with a new sign. 
J. F. Sands Is embarking In the drug business at Miss- 
issippi and Geyer avenues. He was for several years clerk 
at the Poor House. 

D. C. Howes, formerly with the Mofhtt-West Drug Co., 

Is tiow central city .salesman for the J. S. Mcrrcll Drug Co. 

J. W. Decker, of Virginia. III., has sold his store and 

Is looking for a location in this State. 

Hopkins & Bethea, of Meridian, Miss,, have succeeded 

J. M. Kimbrough of thai ,ity. 



LOUISVILLE. 



Louisville, Ky.. January 17. 

Brinck Tylers drug store at Princeton, Ky., was closed 

at !) o'clock on Saturday night on an attachment Issued 
by Philip Foerg. Foerg. who sold the stock of drugs to 
Tyler, prays $l.l!(Hi with interest for nearly two years. 
Early Monday morning additional suits were brought by 
Neat, Richardson & Company, ot Louisville, for $.">ti.l5, 
and H. Weil, of Memphis, for .$12.3.30. Tyler assigned the 
stock and fixtures to Foerg and named the Caldwell 
County Abstract Company as assignee. An invoice of the 
stock is being taken and when it has been completed a sale 
will be held. 

John Dorsey, the negro who was charged with crimin- 
ally assaulting the daughter of Henry Heuser, the drug- 
g'st at Twelfth and Delaware streets, was tried in the 
Circuit Court on Tuesday and sentenced to seventeen 
years imprisonment in the penitentiary. The suit at- 
tracted a great deal of attention and all ot the sessions 
were largely attended. The druggist had the sympathy of 
everybody and extra precautions were necessary to pre- 
vent a mob from taking the negro and hanging him. 

One of the announcements which caused great surprise 

among the merchants at Hopkinsville was the assignment 
of A. P. Harness, who conducted one of the largest drug 
stores in the city. He made the assignment shortly after 
the new year and named hs brother. Charles E. Harness, 
as assignee. The assets consist of his stock of drugs at 
No. 113 South Main street. Mr. Harness until four years 
ago conducted a drug store at Henderson. 

H. H. Holeman. for years one of the most prominent 

druggists of the State, has disposed of his interests at 
Madisonvllle and has accepted a position In the Morton 
^Bank of that city. Mr. Holeman, who was a member of 
the firm ot Gardiner & Holeman, sold his interest to F. C. 
Bowmer, and the style of the new firm is Gardiner & 
Bowmer. 

D. A. Yelser, the oldest druggist in Paducah. has an- 
nounced himself as a candidate for Mayor, and so sure is 
he of the nom.ination and election that he has sold his in- 
terest in the firm of D. A. Yeiser & Son. J. T. McKlrath 
is the purchaser and the style of the new firm will be 
■i'eiser & McElrath. 

R. B. Patterson Is the proprietor of a new drug store 

in Princeton. Ky. For several years he was the prescrip- 
tion clerk at Pickering's drug store in the same city, but 
he became prosperous and decided to embark in business 
for himself. 

Dr. E. T. Ellison, ot Glasgow, has purchased the drug 

store formerly conducted by Morris & Munn, and will In 
the future conduct it at the old stand. 

G. E. Countzler will open a drug store In Greenville in 

a few weeks. For many years Mr. Countzler conducted a 
drug store in Sebree. 

J Edward Allen, after closing out his stock of drugs 

at Burkesville, left that city to join his wife and children 
at Lancaster. 

George W. Ryder, one of the best known druggists in 

the State, died at Butler on Tuesday. 



io8 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 24, i-jci. 



DRUGGIST GUILTY OF MURDER. 

Robert W. Taylor, a druggist o£ M.ili.tiioy CUy, Pa-, 
was found guilty last week of administering poison to 
his wife with Intent to kill and of causing the death of 
his daughter with the poison Intended for the wife. It 
was alleged that Taylor put aconite in a water cooler. 
Mrs. Taj-lor drank from the cooler and was taken violently 
HI, but recovered. The daughter, Elsie, aged sixteen, 
also drank and died. Physicians who were called to 
attend Mrs. Taylor believed poison had been administered 
and Taylor was arrested. On the witness stand he testi- 
fied he never sold aconite In his store but once, and had 
none In stock at the time of the alleged poisoning. Ex- 
perts testified that they were sure aconite was the poison 
used. 

Druggist Durham, of Reading, said he would not credit 
Taylor under oath as he, Durham, had prosecuted Taylor 
In Reading, where he had served a term in jail. Evidence 
w^as given to show that Taylor had asked what would 
become of property held In the daughter's name In event 
of her death. 

Mrs. Taylor was the widow of Druggist Myers, who 
was said to be worth about $200,000. Taylor married 
Mrs. Myers and took charge of her drug store. A motion 
for a new trial was made. 



The fifteenth annual meeting of the Virginia Board of 

Pharmacy will be held in Richmond the third Monday in 
March. Parties wishing to appear for examination must 
communicate with E. R. Beckwith. secretary, Petersburg, 
Va., by March 1. The examination commences Tuesday, 
9.30 A. M., March 10. 



The Charleroi Oval. 

To druggists who are selecting a prescription bottle we 
cannot recommend too highly the Charleroi Oval, made by 
W. H. Hamilton Co., Pittsburg, Pa. It is made of the best 
quality of flint glass, with shoulder, neck, lip and bottom 
perfectly formed. It is easy to clean, handsome in appear- 
ance and makes a very handsome package. But its chief 
claim to excellence is the shape of the shoulder, which 
permits the last drop to be drained. There is no necessity 
of having any nasty sediment in a Charleroi Oval. While 
this bottle is claimed to be the best prescription bottle on 
the market, it is no higher in price than other shapes. 



SOAPS FOR DRUGGISTS. 

A couple of weeks ago we had something to say In the 
Era about the plan of the Eureka Soap Co., Cincinnati, 
to interest druggists in a line of toilet soaps which they 
are going to sell exclusively to the drug trade. It 
is their aim not only to maintain, if possible, the retail 
price on their soaps, but they purpose to keep them out 
of department and dry goods stores entirely. In other 
words, they will sell only to druggists. This line of soaps 
is put out under the general name of "Andre Dunois." In 
their page advertisement in this issue they call special 
attention to their Imperial line, consisting of four numbers 
and sold at -$9 per gross. They claim that the odors of 
these soaps are absolutely true flower odors and of a 
quality never before found in a ten cent soap. They are 
determined to make this line popular in the trade, and are 
putting them on the market at a very low price. The 
packages are the handsomest we have ever seen, the boxes 
are hand made and lined inside with glazed paper of deli- 
cate tints, which are guaranteed to stand exposure in 
show windows, etc. The lithographs for this line are 
printed in seven colors, and they claim that they are the 
hzuidsomest packages ever offered to the trade in a ten 
cent soap. 

They are depending for their success upon the support 
of druggists who appreciate their efforts to keep the soaps 
out of dry goods and department stores, and retail buyers 
who are in sympathy with this movement are requested to 
write to them for terms and discounts. All inquiries are 
promised prompt and cheerful attention. 



INDEX TO THIS NUMBER. 

PAGE 

Anaemin 8^ 

ASSOCIATIONS, CUIUS. ALUMNI, Etc.— Chicago 
Drug Club. 105; Dearborn Co.. 104: Greater New 
York Pharmaceutical, !«: Jersey City Druggists. 
95; Lancaster, Pa., Druggists, 101; Michigan Phar- 
maceutical lo.'i; Minneapolis Retail Druggists, 106; 
Missouri Pharmaceutical, IM; National Association 
Retail Druggists, S2, 93, 104; New York Board of 
Trade and Transportation, Drug Trade Section, 
96; New York College of Pharmacy Alumni, 97, 98; 
New York Retail Druggists, 98; Passaic, N. J.. 
Druggists 95: Philadelphia Retail Druggists, 101; 
St. Louis' Apothecaries 106; St. Louis College of 
Pharmacy Alumni, lort; St. Louis Drug Clerks' 
Society, 106: Society Chemical Industry, New York 
Section. 97; Springfield, Mass.. Drug Clerks' Union, 
100; Troy Pharmaceutical, 93; Wilmington, Del., 

Retail Druggists 101 

BOARDS OF PHARMACY.— New York, Eastern 
Branch, 98; Ohio. 04; Pennsylvania, 85;, Virginia.. 108 

Bookkeeping. Druggists 83, 9'J 

BOWLING DRUG TRADE.— Baltimore, 102; Boston, 

100; Chicago. 105: St. Louis 107 

Chemistry and Chemistry In U. S 87 

Chrysolein 85 

Cinchona Bark, Display 97 

Citrophene 85 

Code of Ethics. Philadelphia College of Pharmacy 93 

COLLEGES OF PHARMACY.— Maryland, 102; New 

York, 97; Philadelphia 93. 101 

CORRESPONDESSTCE 84 

Drug Clerk, Justice 84 

EDITORIALS.— Bookkeeping for Druggists, 83; Drug- 
gist Responsible for His Own Burdens, 83: Medi- 
cinal Plasters Subject to Tax, 83: N. A. R. D. Plan 
Test, 82; Pure Food Bills, 81; Stamp Tax Repeal 

■Endangered. 81; Swindlers of the Drug Trade 82 

Early Closing, Plea 84 

Guacamphol 85 

Iodoform, Solvent 94 

Manure, Fermentation 94 

Metals, Rare 87 

NEWS LETTERS.— Baltimore. 102; Boston, 99; Chi- 
cago, 104; Detroit. 103: Louisville, 107: New York, 
95; Northwest, lOG; Philadelphia, 101; St. Louis... 106 

Osteogen 85 

PERSONALS. Including Obituaries. Items of Interest, 
Etc.— 'American Sanitary and Dispensary Co. for 
Consumptives, 94; Baddour & Co., Joseph S., 98; 
Bauer. Dr. Alfred G.. 107; Byrne, George F., 98; 
Caggar, William. 98; Church, James E., 98; 
Crosher. Henrv P., 97; Dowie, Rev. John A., 99; 
Economical Drug Co., 105; Epstein, O. B., 97; 
Granville Algernon, 82; Holtin Chemical Co., 96; 
Hubbard. F. E.. 100: Iron City Drug and Chemical 
Co., 82; Lord. Owen & Co., 105: Parke, Davis & Co., 
103; Pettingill. Arthur A., 99: Physicians' Ex- 
change. 82: Priori. Lorenz, 9S: Riley. Ir^^ng, 105; 
Rockev, Walter S., 98; Rvder, George W., 107; 

Taylor, Robert W., 108; Valbonne Co 97 

Pharmac.v. Practical Politics 88 

Plasters. Medicinal Subject to Tax 83 

PRESCRIPTION DIFFICULTFES.— Spirit Ammonia, 
Aromatic. Tincture Lobelia and Compound Spirit 
Lavender. 94: Spirit Nitrous Ether and Tannin.... 94 

Prescriptions, Greatest Number 102 

Price Schedules, New York Citv 95 

Profits. Fair 84, 86 

QUESTION BOX 94 

Quicksilver. Production 92 

Quinine Lygosinate 83 

Sitogen 85 

Sponge Fisheries, Florida's 91 

Stamp Tax Repeal 81 

Staphylase 85 

Tincture Opium -\ssa v 94 

Whiskey. Malt. Duffy"'s 94 

Wine Cinchona, Ferrated 94 

Siulth's Menthol Inhalers. 

Smith's Inhaler is guaranteed to contain only the purest 
Japanese menthol, and at this season when coughs, colds 
and bronchial troubles are prevalent druggists ought to 
carry them in stock. They are claimed by the manufac- 
turers to be the best 25c. menthol inhaler on the market, 
because they are made the best, they look the best, they 
are the most economical, the best for counter display and 
sell the quickest. 



In spring the druggist's fancy lightly turns to thoughts 
of sarsaparilla; while he is on that subject there is no 
better firm to think of than Frederick Stearns & Co., who 
offer a line yielding the druggist the largest profit com- 
patible with high quality medicinal preparations. It is 
their theory that a druggist should not recommend any- 
thing but the very best, and they make it their business to 
see that their goods are the kind he can afford to recom- 
mend. A request for information is always honored by 
them if it comes from a regular druggist. 



The Pharmaceutical Era. 



EVERY THURSDAY. 



VOL. XXV. 



NEW YORK. J.\NUAKY SI, 19Ul. 



Enlcred at t he Xew York Post Office as Second Cl ass Matter. 
ESTABLISHED 1887. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 

Published Every Thursday, at 396 Broadway, New York, 
BY D. O. HAY'NES & CO. 



SIBSCRIFTION RATES: 

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Foreign Countries in Postal Union 4.00 per annum 



ERA "BLUE BOOK."— These Price List editions of the 
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ADVERTISING RATES ON APPLICATION. 



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PfRTV YORK. 



SEE LAST READING PAGE FOR COMPLETE 
INDEX TO THIS NUMBER. 

THE STAMP TAX. 

Nothing- very encouraging to report, in fact 
the news from Washington the past week has 
been of a rather disquieting nature. The Senate 
Finance Committee h.as been tinkering at the 
question in such an illogical (and, it may be 
said, ignorant) manner that no one is satisfied 
with the result, .-ind the bill which it is reported 
will be very soon introduced into the Senate will 
be a hodge-podge of inconsistencies and in many 
respects will merely make a bad matter worse. 
The members of the drug trade delegation have 
done yeoman service with the committee, but the 
latter have not seemed competent to appreciate 
the soundness of the arguments and the justice 
of the claims presented to them. 

The bill, as now proposed, will be only a com- 
promise measure, a "horizontal reduction" prop- 
osition. The drug trade gets a little relief, but 
only a small proportion of what it should have 
and what it asks. 

The section relating to medicinal and pro- 
prietary medicines, from which the tax was re- 
moved by the House bill, has been recast and 
the duty restored on secret formula or proprie- 
tary medicines. Drugs and medicines and cos- 
metics compounded by private formula or pro- 
tected by trade mark (except natural spring 
water, carbonated and uncarbonated) are classed 
as proprietary medicines and taxed at the rate of 
one tenth of one cent for each ten cents in value. 
The term medicine is defined to be any substance 
recommended to cure disease or pain or any af- 
fliction of the human or animal body, whether ap- 
plied externally or internally. 



The following are e.Kcmpted from la.xation : 
Medicinal preparations compounded "according 
to a formula in the L'nitcd States I'hannacopoeia 
or the National Formulary of an edition not 
earlier than 1900," or which "bears conspicuously 
upon the package or label thereof the true and 
correct working formula for making, compound- 
ing or preparing the same," provided such medi- 
cine is not advertised as a remedy for any disease 
or ailment, or any medicine, the name of which 
indicates its specific use, but which is the recog- 
nized pharmaceutical name used by physicians 
in their practice and not a proprietary name, or 
medicines compounded according to physicians' 
prescriptions or by a druggist to be sold at retail. 

Foreign synthetics will be taxed and all im- 
portations omitted by the present law will also be. 

The drug trade is, of course, by no means 
pleased with this measure, and will continue to 
work in every possible manner for total repeal 
of the tax. It is said also that the House is dis- 
satisfied and will resent the action of the Senate 
Committee, and several members of the Ways 
and Means Committee have said they would not 
under any circumstances agree to certain 
changes made by the Senate Committee, so there 
is good chance that the measure will not be 
enacted. 

Keep up the .good work. Send personal let- 
ters to your Senators and Congressmen, telling 
them that as their constituents your wishes are 
not to be disregarded and over-ridden in this 
wav. 



GREATER NEW YORK AND THE NEW- 
STATE PHARMACY LAW. 

Pharmaceutical politicians in this city and 
State, and in fact the drug trade generally, are 
nuich interested and somewhat concerned in a 
problem which has recently come to attention. 
Tne charter of Greater New York is undergoing 
revision, and it is asserted that the portion there- 
of which relates to the practice of pharmacy, the 
sale of poisons, etc., has been unaltered froni the 
previous provisions in force a few years since. 
If the revised charter goes into effect without 
any change in this particular, the question ob- 
trudes whether it will not nullify the new State 
pharmacv law, so far as that measure pertains 
to the practice of pharmacy in Greater New York. 
Will a city charter supersede a State measure? 
There are many questions involved here which 
concern the constitutionality of the pharmacy 



no 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 31, 1901. 



law. and opinion varies as to what will be the 
effect upon existing; slatntes. The various piiar- 
liiacentical associations are awake to the im- 
portance of the matter, and will work so far as lies 
in their power to have the charter revised in its 
pharmacy sections in snch a way that it will not 
come in conflict with or nullify the State law. 
Should there be allowed snch oppo.sition there 
woidd be confusion worse confounded. The 
trial of the new State law has just beg;un, and it 
would be a serious matter if affairs were ripped 
up again from the bottom. 

The present session of the State Legislature 
jiromises in other respects to afford considerable 
occupation for the pharmaceutical fraternity. One 
of the bills now before it is connnentcd upon edi- 
torially in this issue, and there are other measures 
concerning which ]>harmacists must keep their 
eyes open. For instance, there is the proposed 
effort to secure amendment of the pharmacy law 
in those provisions which relate to the election of 
board members in the eastern section ; the distri- 
bution of surplus funds in the same section ; the 
registration of stores instead of individuals, etc. 
There is. therefore, work for all in these import- 
ant matters which are obtruding for attention. 



IS THERE ARSEXIC IX AMERICAX 
P.EER ? 

The expected has happened. \\'e felt quite 
confident that the brewers in Great Llritain, who 
have recently been exposed as having used adul- 
terants in their beers, which adulterants have 
been shown to contain dangerous proportions of 
arsenic, and the use of which beer has been said 
to have caused several deaths, as well as much 
illness, would attempt to lay the blame for every- 
thing on .\merican manufacturers. It was shown 
in numerous cases that glucose was used in 
English, beer as an adulterant, and the glucose 
so employed was proven to have been made by 
the employment of a cheap sulphuric acid con- 
tarninated with arsenic, and the statement was 
repeatedlx- made that manufacturers of glucose 
in America were responsiljle for this dangerous 
contamination. This falsehood has been preva- 
lent, even in the face of the denials of American 
makers of sulphuric acid and of glucose and in 
the face of direct proof. 

American sulphuric acid is made from sul- 
phur, not from pyrites, while the English sul- 
phuric acid is produced from the latter, which 
almost invariably contains an appreciable amount 
of arsenic. Rut farther than this, American glu- 
cose makers do not employ sulphuric acid in the 
conversion of starch into glucose, but use hydro- 
chloric acid, arsenic-free, and so on both sup- 
positions the American makers are to be held 
blamcle.'-s. 

This statement, however, might not be con- 
sidered sufficient : therefore, it is well to have it 
backed up by proof, and this proof was forth- 
coming in a paper read at a scientific meeting 
in this city last week and reported in our news 
columns. But up sprang a defender of the 



English makers and asserted that he personally 
had tested .Vmerican beers, fomid them to con- 
tain arsenic, and he directly contradicted the 
statement made by the writer of the paper alluded 
to. \ ery little importance is attached to his 
assertions, however, though one of the New 
York daily papers saw fit to '"scare head" his 
remarks. 

One thing can be depended upon, howexer, 
:ind that is that inasmuch as the matter has come 
to public attention, and a public charge has been 
:na(k, the (;U(slion will be sifted to the bottom. 
Investigations are now under way to establish 
the true ch.irc-.cter of A .lerican sulpliiiri: acid 
and of American glucose, and the makers of these 
articles show no fear whatever that they will not 
lie given clean bills of health. Perhaps American 
beer is adulterated, but most certainly not with 
arsenic-con taininsT materials. 



THIS LAW WOULD AFFECT DRU(j- 
GISTS. 
There has recently been introduced into the 
Assem!)ly of this .State "An act in relation to the 
ijublic health, constituting chapter twenty-five of 
tlic general laws," which, if allowed to pass un- 
noticed, will produce damaging results to the 
druggists. While the primary intent of the 
ineasin-c is said to be to rid th'' State of Faitli 
Curists, Christian Scientists and others who prac- 
tice medicine without proper intellectual equip- 
ment, it aims at the target in such an indirect 
manner as to affect the retail druggists and in 
fact the general public. The text of the bill 
follows : 

Any person sliall bo resrarded as practicing medi- 
cine witiiin tile meaning of this act who shall prescribe, 
direct, recommend or advise for the use of any other 
person, any remedy or agent whatsoever, whether with 
or without the use of an\" medicine, drug, instrument or 
other appliance, for the treatment, relief, or cure, of any 
wound, i'racture or bodily in.iury, infirmity, physical or 
mental or other defect or disease. This article shall not 
be construed as prohibiting the service of any person in 
an emergency, or the domestic administration of family 
remedies; nor shall it be construed to affect commissioned 
officers in the United States army, navy or marine hos- 
pitai service, while so commissioned; or any one while 
actually serving on the resident medical staff of any 
legally incorporated hospital: or any legaJly registered 
dentist exclusively engaged in practicing dentistry; or 
any manufacturer of artificial eyes, limbs or orthopedic 
instruments or trusses in fitting such instruments on 
persons in need thereof when such artificial eyes, limbs 
or orthopedic instruments or trusses are prescribed by 
lawfully qualified physicians: or any lawfully qualified 
physician in other States or countries meeting legally 
registered physicians in this State in consultation; or 
any phy^ieian residing on a border of a neighboring State 
and duly authorized under the laws thereof to practice 
medicine therein, whose practice extends into this State 
and who does not open an office or appoint a place to 
meet patients or receive calls within this State; or any 
physician duly registered in one county called to attend 
isolated cases in another county, but not residing or 
liabitually practicing therein. This article shall be con- 
strued to repeal all acts or parts of acts authorizing con- 
ferment of any degree in medicine causa honoris or ad 
eundum or otherwise than on students duly graduated 
after satisfactory completion of a preliminary and medi- 
cal course of not less than that required by this article, 
as a condition of license. 

Pretty far-reaching, isn"t it? Druggists are I 
afraid there will be nothing left for them if this 
sort of thing keeps on. If the customer wants a 
Vi-ash for weak eyes, the druggist must not ad- 
vise a little borax solution. Xor may he say 
that Compound syrup of white pine is good for 
a cold. The bill will be vigorously fought, if the 
protestations and objugations of druggists in this 
vicinity have any meaning. 



January 31, 1901. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



TII 



WHO HAS 



A SUBSTITUTE 
ZINE? 



1-OR BEN- 



In last year's meeting in Germany of the 
Chemical Congress, and again this year, came 
up the question of seeking a substitute for ben- 
zinc, and now a premium of $250 has been 
offered for an effectual substitute for this article 
or for a means of reiulering it less dangerous. 
Benzine is largely employed in the industries 
for its solvent and cleaning properties, but is 
liighly objectionable because of its volatility, ex- 
ceeding inflammability and its poisonous nature 
when inhaled. We have an idea that it would be a 
much more satisfactory (|uest to seek an entire 
substitute rather than some means of doctoring 
this article. Benzine is benzine, and the prop- 
erties above alluded to are its emphatic natural 
characteristics. To attempt to rob it of them 
would in all probability destroy the identity of 
the benzine itself. However, here's luck to any 
one who desires to work out the problem for 
the remuneration offered. 



THIS WEEK'S SUPPLEMENTS. 

Special attention is invited to the two supple- 
ments sent out this week with The Era. The 
regular Trade Supplement is of increased value 
and double the customary size, and the Price List 
Supplement needs no words from us to secure 
it an enthusiastic reception. 

W'e wish, however, to recjuest our readers 
to read very careully the announcements in the 
Trade Supplement, particularly that one relating 
to prize papers. \\'e want the druggists of this 
country to be liberal contributors from their 
experience and of their views and suggestions. 
There is a lot of valuable material which only re- 
quires some practical means for drawing it out. 
The regular, everyday, practical, hard-working 
druggist is the man we want as a contributor, and 
it is to him especiallx' that our appeal and 
announcement are made. There is no better 
means for benefiting the druggist than his trade 
paper, and in contributing to its pages he induces 
others to do likewise, and the benefit becomes 
mutual and great. 



PRBPA RATION OF PfRE ALBUMEN. -I-e Revue 
(les Prodoit.T Chetniques (Br. and Col. Dr.) gives the fol- 
lowing method of making a pure albumen: White of egg 
1= vigorously beaten and then mixed with an equal pro- 
portion of a saturated .solution of ammonium sulphate, 
after which it is left some hours to stand. The clear 
licuid. freed by nitration from the precipitate which has 
formed, is mixed with 10 per cent, acetic acid, which is 
very flowly added until it gives a distinct, permanent 
I'recipitate. A precipitate is thus produced which is -a 
•irst amorpi'cus, and after standing or light agitation 
l'e<'omes crystallized; GO grams result from one litre o» 
white cf egg. This rrec'pitate is washed with a solution 
of ammonium sulphate containing .1 per cent, of acetic 
acid. It is theo ledissolved in a little water and re- 
precipitatoii wilh sulphate of ammonium. The crystals, 
whicli are conii lelely formed after twenty-four hours' 
standing. a'P freed from ammanium sulphate by washing 
with a saturated solution of caustic soda containing .1 
ptT cent, of acetic acid. 



OUR LETTER BOX. 



W^e vrlnlt It illHtlnotly an<IerMtooil that this tie- 
piirtnieiit in o|ien to everybody for the dia- 
iraNMlon of any Huliject of interest to the 
druK trude, but tliut we accept no reMiioaal- 
bility for the vleivM mid opinionn ezpreased 
by con tribn torn. 

Please be brief and alvrayM MiKn yoar name. 

REMEDY FOR CUTTING. 



THE EVIl, UESt'LTS OK CtTTING THIfES «)V AR- 
TICLES OP .MI-:l(<'HA\DISE AM> A 
SUGGESTED RE.MEDY. 

Buffalo. X. Y.. Jan. 28. 

To the Editor; Tour humble correspondent is neither 
a lawyer, nor a legislator, therefore not versed in the 
phraseology requisite for the detailed formation of a bill 
for presentation to a legislative body. After a short 
discussion of a few of the far-reaching evil results of 
the cutting of prices on many articles of general mer- 
chandise. I would beg permission to present a remedy 
that may provoke discussion and lead to something 
feasible by way of legal enactment for the betterment 
of trade in general. 

There should be no attempt made to restrict trade in 
any manner. Any firm should be allowed to carry in 
stock and selj all articles which the laws now enacted 
entitle them to do. But all tirms who deal in certain 
lines, or all lines of goods having a tixed market value, 
could and should be compelled by legal enactment to 
maintain those prices intended by the manufacturers to 
be obtained when sold at retail. There are certain rules 
of business which are legitimate. And there are certain 
rules, or practices of recent origin, which are illegitimate. 

Adopting new devices and economics. 

First to obtain new goods for display. 

Paying cash for goods, thereby getting benefit of 
discount."!. 

Employing the best assistants to be obtained. 

The foregoing are a few of the many legitimate 
methods which lead to success in the conducting of a 
business. 

These are a few of the illegitimate principles of con- 
ducting a business; 

Adhering to devices which are antiquated. 

Employing incompetent assistants. 

Indifferent as to the prompt payment of bills due. 

Offering of prizes in any form for the purpose of 
attracting prospective customers to one's place of 
business. 

And reducing the prit-e of any article below that fixed 
by the manufacturer and by the custom of general trade. 

The last of the illegitimate principles mentioned, that 
of reducing or cutting of prices placetl on articles of gen- 
eral trade by manufacturers and established by custom, 
is the most obnoxious and demoralizing of them all. 
"Competition is the spice of trade, is an adage old and 
of excellent wit." It heightens our ambitions; quickens 
the pulse of trade; enlarges our Held of action; prevents 
overcharging; divides profits among many; and is there- 
fore a benefit to the general public. Whatever is a 
benefit to the public at large without carrying with It a 
sentiment of degradation or demoralization is to be en- 
couraged. "Cutting of Prices" is a false benefit. It leads 
a customer to think that he has been overcharged for an 
article .sold by a competitor at the regular and full price, 
when he had been receiving only that which was his 
just due. This particular point creates more dissatisfac- 
tion among the majorit.v of merchants than one would, 
as a casual observer, suppose. It is not confined to any 
one line of business, but creates dissatisfaction, annoy- 
ance and Ill-feeling among all but the exceptionally small 
number, who are the direct cause ot all the trouble. 
Book, china, furniture, drug, hardware, news and other 
stores are all affected to their detriment by those who 



II. 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 31, 1901. 



make a practice of "Cutting Prices." The question may 
therefore well be asked, which has been asked thousands 
of time.s. "What can be done to stop the cutting of 
prices?" I would answer, embody the following points 
into Stale laws and llnally into a national enactment: 

].— Establish at State capitals a Bureau of Trade 
Interests. 

2.— Create an Office of Trade Interests, to be controlled 
by a Commissioner of Trade Interests, who shall be 
Appointed by the Governor of the State, to serve not 
less than five years, unless removed from office by death, 
lesignation or dereliction of duty. 

.■5.— Commissioner of Trade Interests shall appoint five 
members of, and establish a Board of. Trade Interests 
in cities of five hundred thousand or mure inhabitants. 
Such members to serve five years, unless removed from 
office by death, resignation or dereliction of duty. Not 
more than three members of such board shall be of same 
political faith as Commissioner making appointments. 

4.— Commissioner of Trade Interests shall appoint three 
members of and establish a Board of Trade Interests in 
cities of twenty thousand to five hundred thousand in- 
habitants. Such members to serve five years, unless 
removed from office bv death, resignation or dereliction 
of duty. Not more than two members of such board 
shall be of same political faith as Commissioner making 
appointments. 

5.— Commissioner of Trade Interests shall appoint 
fiftv Inspectors of Trade Interests. 

6.— To require all manufacturers of proprietary medi- 
cines, perfumes, toilet waters, colognes, Florida waters 
(intended by manufacturers to be sold in original pack- 
ages at retail), cosmetics, face powders, talcum powders, 
tooth powders, medicated soaps, porous plasters and in- 
fant foods: to' place price at which they intend to have 
retail stores sell them, on each and every package sent 
out from their establishments. That manufacturers 
within the State who do not comply with the require- 
ments of this law shall, on conviction, pay a fine of 
five hundred dollars and costs for each and every viola- 
tion. That manufacturers doing business outside the 
borders of the State shall be liable to have all goods 
confiscated wherever found within the borders of the 
State, excepting goods in transit from State to State. 
That nothing contained in this act is intended to con- 
flict with the Inler-State Law of Commerce, 

".—To require all publishers of printed books, maga- 
zines and periodicals, newspapers excepted, to print on 
each and every book, magazine and periodical, excepting 
newspapers, the price at which they intend retail stores 
to sell them. 

8. — To require all retail stores, in cities where this 
law is In force, to register annually, the firm name and 
location, of each and every store wherein the goods or 
articles mentioned in this act are kept for sale, at the 
Bureau of Trade Interests. For such registration, each 
firm for each and every store so registered, shall pay 
the sum of five dollars. Such registered store shall re- 
ceive from Commissioner of Trade Interests a certificate 
of registration, which must be displayed in a conspicu- 
ous part of said store, and shall be non-transferable. 

9.— It shall be required of all Inspectors of Trade In- 
terests to visit all places of business coming within this 
act, at frequent and irregular intervals regarding viola- 
tions of the same. To report all violations of whatever 
nature to that Board of Trade Interests nearest to point 
where •violation is found. Reports may be made, also, 
by any person cognizant of any violation other than the 
regularly appointed inspectors. 

10.— It shall be the duty of the Boards of Trade In- 
terests to receive reports of violations from Inspectors 
of Trade Interests, and from any other person. If reports 
are made by others than Trade Interests Inspectors, it 
shall be the duty of the board to refer them to the 
regular inspectors for verification. 

11.— It shall be the duty of the Boards of Trade In- 
terests to summon for pre'liminary examination, any re- 
ported violator of this law before the board. If a 
majority of the board find by the evidence presented, 
under oath, that a firm is guilty of such violation, then 
the tjoard shall transmit its findings, together with the 
evidence, to the Commissioner of Trade Interests for 
approval. The firm shall then be required to pay a flue 
of fifty dollars and costs, for the first offense. For a 
second violation and conviction the sum of five hundred 
dollars and costs. For a third, and each subsequent 
violation and conviction the sum of one thousand dollars 
and costs. In case any violator of this law shall fail 
to respond to a summons, a warrant may be procured, 
served, and the case carried into the courts through the 
usual course of procedure. Likewise if any firm refuses 
to remit for a fine imposed by the board and approved 
by the Commissioner of Trade Interests. 

12.— The Commissioner of Trade Interests shall make 
all appointments of members of boards and of Inspectors 
of Trade Interests, and may remove same for just cause 
or dereliction of duty. 

13.— Sums collected as fines, and on licenses granted, 
shall constitute a fund from which all general expenses 
shall be paid. 

14. — Commissioner of Trade Interests shall make a 
full report, annually, of all names received and disburse- 
ments made, to the Governor of the State. Also statis- 
tics showing licenses granted, convictions, violations and 
such other matters as will be of interest to the State. 

15. — Salary of Commissioner of Trade Interests shall 
be five thousand dollars per year. 

Salary of each member of Boards of Trade Interests 
shall be two thousand dollars per year. 



Salary of each Inspector of Trade Interests shall be 
nine hundred dollars per year. 

The salaries of all other employes shall be same aS' 
those paid ordinarily for the class of work done. 

The above has been written without a thought to 
form, but for the purpose of making a few notes, which, 
may serve as a nucleus to an enactment In law, looking 
toward an improvement in mercantile pursuits. That 
there may be found many errors from a legal i>oint of 
view, but that a bill might be drawn, embodying the- 
elementary principles that would conform to the conetl- 
tution, the writer has no doubt whatever. What is the 
opinion of those, who may have done me the honor to- 
peruse this article regarding the matter? 

M. V.\N EVERY. 



DESIRES PRACTICAL EXAMINATIONS. 

New York. Jan. 23. 

To the Editor: I should like space in your valued 
paper to criticise the method of examination employed 
by the present Board of Pharmacy. I do not censure 
the memibers of the board, for I think they have adopted 
the plan that appears to them most perfect, but it Is 
evident they are bereft of new Ideas on this threadbare 
subject. My criticism is more of a reccwnmendatlon than? 
animadversion. In the first place I believe the questions 
should be more practical than theoretical. 

For instance I know of a young man, who passed th& 
board recently, whose entire knowledge of toxicology- 
was secured in about two hours on the day before the- 
examination. He told me he did not know the difference 
between a corrosive and a narcotic poison. He had no 
practical experience of poisons, yet he passed a very 
creditable examination in toxicology and a very good one 
in all the subjects. This young man has not completed 
his college course and yet he has enough knowledge of 
pharmacy to stamp him a pharmacist in this State at 
least. I am not citing an unusual case, but I believe that 
such cases show the examinations to be "a cinch" and it 
is high time something should be done. 

Couldn't there be more of the everyday experiences 
brought into the examinations? Let's have practical 
prescriptions. 

I thing, also, the applicants examined should be in- 
troduced to remedies outside the U. S. Pharmacopoeia. 
Comparatively there are very few. 

The question is a good one to debate and I request that 
you open j'our columns to its discussion. 

A CONSTANT READER. 



POTAS'SIIM CH1.0R.\TE AXD MATCHES. 

Stamford, N. Y., Jan. 24. 
To the Editor: The following incident may prove of 
interest to your readers, showing the danger in the ex- 
plosive nature of potassium chlorate under favorable 
circumstances. A short time since a friend of the writer, 
while aeting in his office of tax collector, had occasion 
to draw from his pocket a bill book in order to make 
the necessary change for a taxpayer. The act was ac- 
companied by a sharp explosion and a stream of fire 
shot from the side of his trousers to the carpet, setting 
fire both to his clothing and to the carpet. A person 
sitting next him had his hands severely burned trying 
to extinguish the blaze. One of the bystanders remarked: 
"That is the result of carrying firearms. He has shot 
himself" On the relation of the incident to me the 
collector said he had no revolver or other firearms, and 
the only reason he could give was that he had a few 
matches in his pocket at the time. Further inquiry de- 
veloped the fact that he had a few chlorate of potash 
tablets loose in his pocket that he was taking for sore 
throat. My idea is that the matches became ignited 
on the withdrawal of the pocket book, and the sulfur, 
in combination with the potassium chlorate produced the 
explosion. The hole in his clothing looked as if a charge 
of wadding had been shot through the cloth, as the hole 
was quite a large one and clearly defined. Yours truly. 

E. C. H.\NFORD. 



January 31, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



113 



(For the Era.) 



I 



CORKER^S METAMORPHOSIS, 



-Mr. Curkor was an honor grudiuUe o£ a Hi-st-class 
college of pharmacy. He carried off the gold medal ol 
his class, and even at the present day the dean refers 
to him ae a star pupil and an honor to his profession. 

He was popularly reported to be the neatest and most 
polite druggist in the town, and his place of business 
was order and cleanliness personified. He got on well 
with the doctors, and was exceedingly popular with the 
public. He worlced iilte a slave himself, and kept his 
assistants busy from the time they entered the shop 
to the time they left it. He made money, and paid a 
fair salary for a fair month's work; he was an excellent 
preceptor, and when a vacancy occurred in his store 
he had no trouble to get a respectable clerk to till it. 
I put in four years with Corker, commencing as bottle 
washer and winding up as dispenser, and, thanks in a 
great measure to his "pointers" and the tuition and 
advice he found time to give me, I had no difficulty 
in passing the board examination and taking a success- 
ful course at a college of pharmacy. 

Most druggists have a fad of some kind. Corker's 
fad was summed up in the following words: "Never buy 
anything you can save a cent by imaking, and never 
push another man's work if you can sell your own." 

Corker never threw money away, he was far too intent 
on making it; but he had a good pharmaceutical library, 
and took four or five different trade journals. He had 
a dozen different formularies and a scrap book with 
many hundreds— or possibly thousands— of receipts clipped 
from papers and copied from prescriptions. His shelvej 
were full of the "Corker remedies," and we had to pre- 
pare most of them. 

His packages were attractively lithographed; they re- 
sembled nobody else's, and the contents were as good 
as pure ingredients and careful compounding could make 
them. He bought his patent medicines by the dozen, 
where his competitors bought by the half gross, and if 
his customers asked for "Fakir's pills" or "Carribo hair 
regenerator" he sold it to them without comment. If 
they asked his opinion of the remedies, he said he was 
ignorant of their contents, and could give no .guarantee 
as to their efficacy. Under such circumstances, he fre- 
quently sold some of his own goods, and the goods 
being "good." they subsequently sold others. 

Mr. Corker advertised .iudiciously, and only advertised 
his own preparations. He cleared 50 per cent, net on 
most of them, against an average of 15 per cent, on 
patents, and I can't say that I blame him for trying to 
make as much money as he possibly could. 

Perhaps Corker might still be retailing the Corker 
headache wafers, emulsion, pills, sarsaparilla and other 
Corker preparations, had the Archbishop of Madawaska 
seen fit to remain in Canada. As fate ord.^ined it. that 
prelate had a near relative in our town. The relative 
was a customer of Corker's, and when the Archbishop 
spent a night at her house on his return from a synod 
at New York, he developed a sharp attack of sciatica. 
The lady's husband had experienced relief under similar 
circumstances by the use of Corker's liniment. A bottle 
of the compound was procured, and in half an hour 
from the fir^t application the Archbishop was completely 
relieved. Corker remarked in the morning that the 
attack had probabb' run its course b.v the time the lini- 
ment was applied. The Archbishop returned to Mada- 
waska next day, 'and none In town was aware of tiie 
fact that the pleasant elderly clergyman who had spent 
a couple of days with the Canadian family at the North 
End was a very important person in his own country. 

About a week after this occurrence. Corker received 
a letter with a Canadian stamp and postmark on the 
front of the envelope, and a coat of arms surmounted by a 
mitre on the back. The contents were as follows: 
Mr. Corker The Palace. Madawaska. 

Sir: I am ordered by his Grace the Archbishop of 
Madawaska to forward 'you the enclosed money order 
for one dollar and to direct you to send by express four 
bottles of your liniment, similar to the bottle purchased 
from you last week, of which I enclose the label. His 



Grace desires me to say that he experienced mure speedy 
and permanent relief from the use of the bottle 1 refer 
to than he has received from any preparuiion he has 
used in the past, if the remedy is procurable in Canada, 
he desires you to send particulars as to where it cai> 
be purchased. Believe me, sir, yours, etc., 

, Secretary. 

It Is more than probable that if the Archbishop and 
hie secretary knew the trouble they were bringing on 
themselves they would both have endured sciatica to 
their dying days rather than have written that letter. 
Corker thought the thing was a hoax, but the money 
order was all right and the medicine was duly forwarded 
by express, "freight to pay," with a sample box of 
Corker's headache wafers thrown in. A few days after, 
Mr. Corker received a similar letter from the Bishop of 
Anticosti's private secretary stating that "Hie Lordship 
had been greatly relieved by a bottle of liniment which 
his Grace the Archbishop of Madawaska had purchased." 
etc., etc.. and enclosing a dollar bill. Corker came to 
the conclusion that the whole Canadian hierarchy must 
be afflicted with sciatica, and sent on the medicine as 
before. 

That evening Mr. Corker had a visitor in the person 
of an elderly Scotchman who had "backed" him wher> 
he first went into business. The 5i3,0O0 he borrowed had 
long since been repaid with a modest trifle of interest 
at 7 per cent. The men were very good friends and 
in the course of conversation Corker alluded to the two 
letters, and showed them to Mr. McCash. The latter 
gentleman had made his money killing cockroaches, or 
In other words he had invented, patented, advertised and 
sold extensively the McCash cockroach trap. This in- 
strument is, or ought to be. In use in every part of 
the globe the blatta orientalls and allied species inhabit. 
McCash had made a tidy little fortune out of his in- 
vention, and a syndicate was still making money on it. 
After reading the letters twice, McCash remained silent 
for a few minutes and then said: 

"Look here. Corker, I've been watching you ever since 
you borrowed the money from me to make your start 
here with. You seem to be getting along in the world, 
and I've often meant to ask you if there wouldn't be 
money in putting some of 'these things on the market. 
I know something about the expense of advertising a 
new article, and I found it hard work to sell my first 
dozen cockroach traps, but they sold at last, and the 
result is I've got money to lend, when the security Is 
good enough. My offer is this: You find the drugs, 
bottles, labels and work. I'll do the advertising anil look 
after the financing. A thousand dollars will put up a 
good many bottles of liniment, but it won't be a drop 
in the bucket wlien advertising is concerned. I can 
get a reasonable amount of capital from other sources 
if I require it; you can think the matter over, and If 
you care to risk a thousand, let me know. These two 
letters are by no means bad testimonials for a start. 
I know you have others, local ones, and so on, which 
will cut more ice here than a personal letter from the 
Governor-General of Canada, but when we get outside 
this county tliose two letters may come in handy." 

Mr. Corker considered the matter, consulted Mrs. 
Cnrkcr, and In a month's time the "Corker Remedies 
Company" came into existence, with a nominal capital 
of $5,000, a hard-headed Scotchman as manager, and a 
first-class chemist In charge of the compounding depart- 
ment. I need not go Into details as to the dlfTicultles 
the company met with at their first start. They sold 
less than a hundred gross of liniment the first year, and 
lost .'P2.000. The second year they sold about three limes 
as much, and came out a trifle behind. The third year 
they made up their losses and cleared .a few hundred 
dollars only, and from that da.v to this they have paid 
dividends regularly to the few stockholders. Increased 
their advei^Ising until almost every paper In New Eng- 
land and most of the leading ones in the Maritime 
Provinces contain their ads., and built a factory which 
employs 130 hands. 



114 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 31, 1901. 



Their goods are not In the cutter's hands; somehow 
or other they manage to keep them In the regular trade; 
every label and carton Is copyrighted, and nobody In 
the patent line resents an Infringement or the least 
sign of one more than my friend Corker. 

Corker closed his retail store ten years ago. He lives 
very quietly; has one son at West Point and another 
one at Harvard. lie Is president of the Corker Medicine 
Company now. as McCash retired to Scotland two years 
ago with a very comfortable fortune realized from cock- 
roach traps and the Corker remedies. I myself should 
not elect to end my days In the 

"I.n-ind of the fountain and the flood 
And beastly rain and beastlier mud." 
but then I'm not McCash. 

Corker dropped Into my store a month or so ago. 
He recognized me at once, and .seemetl glad to see me. 
It seems that Messrs. Korah, Dathan and Abiram. of the 
New Jerusalem departmental store, had managed to get 
hold of a lot of the Corker remedies, which they were 
celling at half price. Corker spent two days Investigating 
matters, maintaining a strict Incognito all the time. Hav- 
ing secured the name of the jobber they purchased them 
from he "went for him." and I think the Israelites will 
have to take Corker remedies off their price list. Corker 
■was not at all above taking a small order from me 
for delivery through my jobber; in fact, he asked me 
for it. As he was closing his order book he remarked 
with a sigh, "I must say I should like to make your 
•order for emulsion. liniment and pills a gross each in- 
stead of half a gross, but I suppose you put up a lot 
of your own remedies." 

"You can't blame me. Mr. Corker," I replied. "For 
four years you told me never to sell a patent when I 
•could sell my own preparations by legitimate means. 
I have found your advice, like your preparations— ex- 
cellent. I practice what you taught me, and sell your 
medicines when they're asked for; I even recommend 
them, sometimes, because I've helped to make them, and 
know that they're all right." 

The calendar of the Corker Medicine Company for 
1901 is a perfect work of art. It has two excellent 
photographs of the late Archbishop of Madawaska and 
the present Bishop of Anticosti. with facsimile reproduc- 
tions of their respective letters. 

In the obituary notice of the late Archbishop, pub- 
lished in the Madaw'aska Gazette, the writer says: 

"During the last two years of his Grace's life, the 
mental strain was much increased by the flood ot corre- 
■spondence which he received from sufferers from sciatica 
in the Eastern States of America, and the provinces of 
Nova Scotia. New Brunswick and Prince Edward's 
Island. It seems that a few years before hie lamented 
•demise, his Grace was incautious enough to give a tes- 
timonial to a certain patent medicine firm in the State 
cf . This testimonial— never intended for pub- 
lication — was reprinted and scattered broadcast through 
the Eastern States and Maritime Provinces, with the 
result that the Archbishop received from twenty to fifty 
letters a day on all conceivable subjects, in addition to 
the usual business correspondence incidental to his official 
position, etc., etc." 

Corker's advertising agent got hold ot this notice, and 
proposed to reprint it with a statement at the foot of 
the page that had his Grace taken Corker's Pills he 
would have been alive In 1901. Corker forbade this, and 
said he had had enough advertisement from the deceased. 

I often think of suggesting to Corker that his calendar 
for 1902 should contain the picture of "Corker putting 
up his own in 1882." the year I made his acquaintance, 
and "The president of the Corker Medicine Company 
In 1302. 

"Verily, the times have changed, and we have changed 
with the times. 

THERSITES MENDAX. 



CURING OF VANILLA. 

Precise details ot the various processes for curing 
vanilla fruit and preparing It for the market are given by 
J. C. Sawyer (Bull. Botan. Depl., Jamaica). The odor of 
vaiillli does not exist In the fruit as It Is gathered, but Is 
developed by a process of fermentation In the curing. 
Four methods are given: (1) The Guiana process.— The 
beans are placed in ashes until they begin to shrivel; they 
are then wiped, rubbed over with olive oil, tied at their 
lower ends and dried In the open air. (2) The Peruvian 
process.— The beans are dipped into boiling water, tied at 
the end and hung In the open air to dry for twenty days. 
They are tihen smeared over with castor oil, and after a 
few days tied up into bundles. (3) Mexican process.— The 
beans are placed in heaps, protected from sun and rain in 
a shed for a few days until they begin to shrivel. They 
are then "sweated," by exposing them to the sun or to 
stove heat (WC. the maximum), whereby they acquire a 
fine chestnut-brown color. The depth of color Is propor- 
tional to the success of the operation. Finally, they are 
dried by exposure to the sun during a period of two 
months, and tied in small bundles for the market. (4) Re- 
union process.— The beans are soaked In hot water, as by 
the Peruvian process, quickly dried In the sun for a few 
days and then exposed for about a month to a current of 
hot air circulating a zinc roofed shed which serves as a 
drying closet. "U'hen the beans can be easily twisted 
round the finger without cracking they are put through 
the "smoking process." which consists of passing each 
bean through the fingers several times, to impart lustre 
and suppleness, owing to the oil which exudes as the 
fermentation proceeds. Three commercial sorts are recog- 
nized: (1) Fine vanilla, 8 to 11 inches long, very dark 
brown or nearly black, unctuous, glossy, clean-looking and 
longitudinally furrowed. These soon become frosted with 
white crystals. (2) Woody vanilla, 6 to 8 Inches long, 
lighter in color, more or less spotted with grey, not glossy. 
These are generally the product of unripe pods. They 
frost or "giore," as it Is technically called, little. If at all. 
(3) Vanillons, of which there are two kinds, one obtained 
from short but ripe fruits, an excellent variety which 
frosts well, the other from unripe fruits, whose perfume 
is simply absorbed from fine beans by long contact. 



UNIQUE PIECE OF AMBER.— While engaged in fish- 
ing off Lowstoft recently, a fisherman landed in his net 
a unique piece of amber. It resembled a huge pebble, 
was oblong in shape, w'elghed 11 pounds 14 ounces, and is 
the finest specimen of amber that has been discovered on 
the English coast for several years. It realized J137.50. 



'■TO DIG." 

"To dig" means to produce, to put up, to ante, to shell 
out, to come down, or in plain Eastern English it simply 
means to pay. I wish to make a few remarks on this sub- 
ject. Time is ever fleeting and but a few days remain of 
this century. It will soon be laid away in the attic of the 
cobwebby past, while a bright new one will come on shift. 
You and I, dear friend, may be here when the new century 
is born, but there' is a shadowy uncertainty about where 
we will be when it dies. For this reason and others I 
would like to start the initial year of the coming century 
at peace with as much of the world as possible. In order 
to do this it will be necessary for all customers, whose 
names are on my books, to dig up the "long green," or in 
other and more poetical words, the coin of the realm that 
is due unto me. If such things come to pass within the 
closing days of this century, I will be enabled to crush out 
the sadness occasioned by looking at the names of those 
who owe me, and commence the new deal of time with a 
stack long enough to crush any kind ot luck that threat- 
ens to shovel me over the dump of hard times. Dig! yea, 
dig! my friend.— (Copy of a circular sent out by a retail 
druggist in Ontario to his customers. Can. Phar. Jour.) 

The color and character of the walls have much to do 
with the lighting of a room. Recent experiments have 
shown these percentages of reflection for different wall 
materials: Black velvet, 0.4 per cent; black cloth, 1.03 per 
cent.; black paper. 4.5 per cent.; dark blue, 6.5 per cent.; 
dark green, 10.1 per cent.; pale red. 16.2 per cent.; dark 
yellow, 20 per cent.; pale blue, 30 per cent.; pale yellow. 
40 per cent.; pale green, 46.5 per cent.; pale orange. .">4.8 
per cent.; pure white, 70 per cent.; mirror covering. 92 per 
cent. 



January 31, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



1 1 : 



DRUG CULTURE.* 



By F. B. KILMER. 



I have heretofore urged attention to the study of 
medicinal plants at their source of supply, both in their 
natural habitat and under cultivation. 

In one instance I pleaded for the publication of speoinc 
information as to the propagation, growth. coUectioii and 
preparation of medicinal plants, having In view the 
highest conservation of their medicinal constituents and 
securing more uniform production, and especially the 
issuance, either by the Government or otherwise, of Bulle- 
tins containing inlormation as to the best modes Oi cul- 
tivating, collecting and preparing such medicinal plants 
as are suited to the climates of our States and terri- 
tories. ^ 

Th.1t these appeals have not passed unheeded is evident 
from the interest now manifested in the subject ot drug 
culture. 

The object of the present communication is to stimu- 
late, and, if possible, add a few practical notes to the 
somewhat meagre literature on this subject. In the con- 
sideration of the cultivation of medicinal plants several 
points present themselves. 

It is stated that the time is not far distant when we 
will be dependent upon the agriculturist for our medi- 
cinal plants; that the destruction of wooded lands and 
other causes are lessening the supply of drug-yielding 
plants, and that drug farms will soon be a necessity. 

Scientific agriculture has taught the grower how to de- 
velop given products of plant lite force. If, by scientific 
cultivation, we can augment or regulate the important 
active principles of drug plants, there is hope for an 
economic and scientific recompense. 

After a somewhat careful review of the situation it 
is evident to me that the problem in the cultivation of 
medicinal plants can best be solved by the American 
pharmacist. 

In this country we can call to our aid resources of a 
most extensive and varied soil and climate, and scientific 
agriculture herQ reaches 'the highest attainable point. 
From the beginning we shall have the advantages of 
American machinery and methods as against peasant 
laJbor, which now supplies the bulk of the European 
products. But of 'striking importance to pharmacy and 
medicine is the fact that intelligent drug culture will 
tend to throw light upon the problem as to the relative 
value and activity of drugs gathered In a wild state, as 
compared with those under culture. 

Heretofore cultivation has not been necessary or ex- 
pedient for many drug plants. Our knowledge ot the 
influence of cultivation upon their medicinal and active 
principles is, therefore, very meagre. 

In respect to narcotic drugs, the statement that those 
which grow wild contain the greater proportion of alka- 
loids is generally accepted as true, yet I have seen speci- 
mens of cultivated belladonna root which would assay 
over 1 per cent, alkaloids. We are also confronted by 
the fact that under industrial stimulus cultivation has 
had the effect of increasing the alkaloidal yield in cin- 
chona, poppy, coca, the caffeine-tiearing plants, tobacco, 
etc. 

On one hand the possibility of a scarcity ot certain 
drugs and the probability of the betterment of our vege- 
table materia medica would seem to be questions of 
great importance to pharmacy, and would seem to answer 
the first and most natural query: Will it pay? 

The following notes here are given with a view to 
stimulate further study rather than as having any prac- 
tical value. 

It is quite apparent that the conditions which influence 
the growth of plants and agricultural products in general 
will apply more or less to the cultivation ot drug plants. 

The controlling influences of climate (heat, light and 
moisture) upon plant growth are well known. To a cer- 
tain extent climatic conditions are more than soil. The 
Influence ot climate upon the medicinal principles ot 
plants is undeniable, but in this respect we have no 
accurate data upon which to form conclusions. 

•Reprinted from Amer. Jour. Pharm. 
' "In Lands Where Drugs Grow." American Journal 
of Pharmacy, April. 1900. 



Numerous alkaluidal drugs at the present lime are 
grown in Great Britain and Western Europe. Here we 
have coul summers (in England considerable humidity) 
an<i a gradual approach of cold weather. Maturity is 
late and indiruilte. Under these conditions we find that 
certain plants are rich in alkaloids. 

These same plants, if transplanted to America, would 
probably be killed by the fall frosts before maturity, 
and after a few generations they would acquire the 
quick-ripening haiblts which are characteristic of our 
vegetation. Would the alkaloidal yield follow this change 
of growth? 2 

Temperature is seemingly not the all-important factor 
influencing the alkaloidal yield. Some Northern-grown 
tobaccos are weak in nicotine and others are very rich. 
Kentucky tobacco Is very high in alkaloid. Certain 
tropical-grown tobaccos are the weakest of all. Popples 
have been grown in France yielding many times the 
amount of morphia ot those grown in India. Indications 
point to humidity and raintallas more potent than heat. 

In my observations upon the European narcotic drugs, 
the most thrifty specimens, rich in alkaloids, were found 
among the dense foliage ot forests where the ray.s of the 
sun never reach the soil, and, as naturally would be ex- 
pected, these same plants, when cultivated in narrow 
valleys with a northern or eastern aspect, were the 
most prolific in growth. 

In considering the influence of climate upon drug cul- 
ture we must also bear in mind that there are vertical 
as well as horizontal zones of vegetation, and we must 
therefore expect that the growth ot drug plants will 
follow the well-known range of trees, shrubs, vines, 
grasses, etc.. in this respect. ^ 

As to the soil best adapted to the growth ot medicinal 
plants we know almost nothing. It will be necessary to 
study each plant by itself in this respect. Taking the 
European-grown drugs as types, it has seemed to me 
that those regions where the soil was a mixture of humus 
and calcareous earths were the most productive; soils 
rich in sand or clay produced the best. 

In England aconite and henbane are cultivated in 
Kent on light sandy soils. They grow wild on marshy 
land. The soil in Lincolnshire, where drugs are culti- 
vated, contains a good percentage ot fine sand and vege- 
table matter and is not very high in lime. 

In another section, where the same drugs are grown, 
the soil is a brown loam lying over a chalk formation, 
and contains 15 per cent, ot lime. The vegetable matter 
from this soil is not very hig'h. From the Continent a 
sam.ple of soil on which lavender and several narcotic 
herbs are grown was reported to contain 35 per cent, 
vegetable matter, 51 per cent, of sand (quite fine), 10- 
per cent, of lime and 2 per cent, of phosphoric acid. 

So tar as I could learn the potash content in these 
soils was not high. Observing the conditions under which 
many medicinal plants thrive, we might conclude that 
rich soil was not a neces.sity. 

In one of my experiments I selected a very poor red 
shale soil where grass would not grow, even under fer- 
tilization with compost, and on this soil the growth of 
rhubarb, digitalis, conium, cotton, aconite, etc., was a 
pronounced success.* 

In botanical gardens the drug plants in the richest beds 

= Atropa belladonna is quite at home in England, but I 
have seen thrifty specimens in the tropical gardens of 
the West Indies as well as in Northern New Tork. 

^ The writer is preparing a list of the common drug 
plants suited to the temperate zone ot the United States 
with such information as can be gathered as to the zone 
of vertical cultivation, and will be pleased to receive aid 
and suggestions. 

* An analysis of this red shale soil gave the following 
results: 

Silicic acid and quartz 73.00 

Peroxide of iron 10.00 

Alumina .3.20 

Lime 4.93 

Magnesia • 0.90 

Potash 0.73 

Soda 0.97 

Sulphuric acid trace 

Carbonic acid 

Water 1.00 



ii6 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 31, 1901. 



Scnorally look the least thrifty. It has been stated by 
experienced drug cultivators that the alkaloldal content 
of plants Is lessoned by high fertilization. This state- 
ment accords with such actual practices as have come 
under my notice. Against this statement we have re- 
ports of experiments made in the sewage gardens of 
Berlin and elsewhere which tend to show that fertiliza- 
tion with sewage gives an Increase in the alkaloldal yield. 

In plants which yield aromatic principles high fertili- 
zation Is conceded to be beneficial. 

I am Inclined to the opinion that fresh manure is preju- 
dicial and that compost, especially that from rotted 
leaves, straw, etc., is the best. AVe seem to have no 
Information respecting the use of artificial fertilizers 
upon drug plants. 

It is probably unnecessary to urge the selection of 
good seeds. It will be found advisable to obtain seeds 
from plants grown In the same geographical region, or 
especially In the region representing as nearly as pos- 
sible the same climatic conditions as our own. My ex- 
perience has shown that from some cause but a small 
proportion of the seeds of medicinal plants germinate, 
(In some of m.v experiments only 25 per cent, of selected 
seeds were fertile.) 

Every farmer sows from five to twenty times more seed 
than he needs, and of the seeds which germinate, it is 
estimated that not more than 10 per cent, give mature 
plants. 

For the present the source of seed supply for medi- 
cinal plants not indigenous to our country must be such 
as can be obtained from wholesale druggists. These will 
often prove unreliable. The processes of drying, age. and 
other influences to which thej' have 'been subjected are 
not conducive to growth. 

It is to be hoped that our seedsmen and botanical 
gardens will in future become reliable sources of supply. 
For indigenous plants the wild plants themselves will 
furnish the seed required. 

The effects of cultivation upon medicinal plants, while 
of deep significance, are beyond the scope of this paper. 
The words of Darwin should be kept in mind: "Changes 
of any kind in the conditions of life, even extremely slight 
changes, often suffice to cause variability." Changes of 
food, climate, changes of any of the conditions of en- 
vironment, have a modifying effect upon colors, pro- 
portions, details of structure, etc. 

Under cultivation, the growth of tubers, roots, stalks, 
leaves, etc.. changes. Thus it may be expected that the 
plant functions from which arise the odorous, alkaloldal 
or other active principles will also vary between wild 
and cultivated plants. As to the nature and extent of the 
effects of cultivation upon the production of these me- 
-dicinal principles, we have no tangible knowledge. My 
Impression is that in our first attempts we shall do too 
much cultivation. 

The most virile drug plants that we know are for the 
most part wild. They live a savage life. Their vital 
force is the accumulation of ages of struggle in the winds 
and storms of the wilderness; rooted in the black mold 
rich in the decay of countless preceding generations. 
& change from barbarism to civilization, from the forest 
to the conservatory, must cause a marked reaction. 

Weeds are always stronger that the cultivated plant. 
Thus it seems to me that when we bring wild medicinal 
plants from another country to our own, we had best 
plant them out in the fields under as nearly as possible 
the same surroundings as were experienced in their 
habitat. In other words, let them grow as weeds. It 
may be that in this way we can utilize some of our 
fallow lands and waste ground. 

Every pharmacist can do his part to lielp along the 
cause of drug culture. The Michigan fnivers:ty. with a 
few acres, and Frederick T. Gordon, with a garden bed, 
have given us helpful examples. 

Every college of pharmacy should have a college 
farm. Through the aid of this farm and the college 
laboratory the question of soil, climate and fertilization, 
as well as other influences upon the plant constituents, 
can be studied. 

In England many country chemists, and on the Conti- 
nent the rural Apocheker. give considerable attention to. 
and derive profitable income from, the cultivation and 
gathering of medicinal plants. 

Some of these have achieved quite an enviable repu- 
tation tor preparations made from plants of their own 
culture. 

Could not American pharmacists in the rural districts 
take up drug culture, and might it not be a notable fea- 



ture to be able to advertise: "Rhubarb, Ipecac and jalap 
fresh from our own drug farm?" 

Pharmacists can invoke the assistance of agricultural 
experiment stations. Many of these institutions can 
and win carry out experiments and give reports which 
from a horticultural standpoint will be of value. 

Cultivation of good-sized plots in a variety of locations 
with records of soil, climate and results, while it may 
not prove Immediately remuneratlv*, will furnish a vast 
amount of Information and interest. Wholesale drug- 
gists can materially assist by supplying seeds which are 
authentic and reliable. 

As an easy and instructive experiment for the beginner, 
I suggest the cultivation of certeiln alkaloldal plants 
which are Indigenous (stramonium, hydrastls. etc.), with 
a view of obtaining records of assay of wild and culti- 
vated drugs grown in the same locality. 

In a succeeding communication I shall bring together 
notes of methods followed in the cultivation of certain 
medicinal plants which have come under my observation. 



Learn Peniuansliip. 

The penmanship of many applicants tor Board of Phar- 
macy examinations is so poor that examiners often find it 
difficult in attempting to read the written answers to ques- 
tions given. It is not an unjust theory that a young man 
in this age who cannot or will not write a plain, legible 
hand should not be allowed to practice pharmacy. Nor Is 
it unfair to assume that a careless, slovenly habit in an 
applicant should also deprive him of such privilege. Some- 
thing more than mental training and the acquirement of 
theoretical information is necessary in a really good phar- 
macist. The ability to handle implements, the habit of 
cleanliness, the idea of accuracy, the constant exercise of 
caution, the doing of little things with fidelity to the law 
of precision are all essential qualifications in the duties of 
a pharmacist. 

The writer has seen men attempting to fill prescriptions 
with no more adeptness in the use of the mortar, the 
spatula or the graduate measure than an animal. He has 
seen such a man soil a prescription counter with portions 
of every article he had used in his miserable effort of com- 
pounding, then send out his product with a smeared label 
which could not be read by any person <Jf average ability 
in deciphering hieroglyphics. 

That sort of men are not fit to practice pharmacy, no 
matter what their heads may contain. They should go out 
to dig ditches under the supervision of a competent engi- 
neer. A little manual training would be a good thing in 
our schools of pharmacy. But if schools of pharmacy are 
to teach penmanship, reading, arithmetic and wind up 
with manual training but little time would be left for 
pharmacy proper. — (Midland Druggist.) 



ERA'S EFFORTS APPRECIATEn. 

Buffalo, X. Y., Jan. 20. 
To the Editor; The members of the Erie County Phar- 
macists' Association, recognizing the valuable assistance 
your journal has given the druggists in their efforts to 
have the burdensome war tax on patents removed, unani- 
mously passed, at its last regular meeting, January 11, 
11101. the inclosed resolutions referring to your valuable 
work in our behalf. 

And I take pleasure in sending these resolutions to you. 
I trust you will not relax your efforts in this matter 
till relief is obtained. I am yours, very respectfully, 

S. A. GROVE. 
Sec. E. C. P. A. 

At a meeting of the Erie County Pharmaceutical As- 
sociation, held January 11, 1901. the following was 

Resolved, that we. the druggists of the Erie. County 
Pharmaceutical Association appreciate the valuable ser- 
vices which have been rendered to the druggists of the 
county by the publications of the Pharmaceutical Era. 
both in tiieir esteemed journal and in various ways, which 
have been of such great service in the successful passing 
of the bill repealing the War Revenue Tax before the ( 
Housfe'Of Representatives. And 

Resolved, that we request them to continue tliis good 
work for our relief until this bill becomes a law. And it 
is hereby 

Resolved, that we extend to them our grateful thanks 
for their worthy assistance. 



January 31, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



117 



FRENCH PHARMACEUTICAL NEWS. 



1900— A RETROSPECT 



Paris, Jan. 11. 1901. 

CUE chief events of tlie French pharniiicy world 
diirlnir 1900— the Exposition, the congresses, etc., 
have been duly reported in the Era from month 
to month. But before resumlns our usual periodical 
news letters during 1901, it may be well to briefly review 
such matters as the pressure of an exhibition year com- 
pelled us to omit at the time. 

Honorary Distinctions 

are usually granted toward the close of an exhibition 
to those who have taken a leading part either in the 
great show itself or in its attendant congresses, and 
1900 has been no exception to this rule. The Legion 
of Honor— France's sole order of knighthood— comprises 
various ranks, and we notice that Professors Henri 
Molssan, Troost and Lippmann, all of the Paris Faculty 
of Sciences, have been promoted to the grade of "Com- 
mander." while the new "Officers" include Professors 
Ditte and Haller. of the same faculty. Dr. Armand 
Kumouze. and MM. Asselin and Hatton, chemical manu- 
facturers. It will be remembered that M. Moissan pre- 
sided over the Congress of Applied Chemistry, while 
M. Troost largely organized the French Chemical 'Exhibit 
of 1900. 

Among the "Chevaliers" who now wear the red ribbon 
at their buttonhole we may mention M. A. Petit, chairman 
-of the Pharmacy Congress; M. Victor Fumouze, president 
of the Proprietary Medicine Manufacturers' Congress; M. 
Belieres, treasurer of the same gathering; M. Dupont, 
secretary of the Congress of Applied Chemistry; M. De 
Laire. manufacturer of synthetic perfumes; MM. Prot, 
Piver and Vihert, perfumers; MM. Leclerc, Buchet, 
Chenal and Debuchy, pharmacists; M. Montagne, the 
pharmacist Mayor of PSz^nas; Dr. Ogier, of the Paris 
Municipal Toxicological Laboratory, and M. Huet, a 
pharmacist in the French Navy (who won the cross by 
his gallant conduct in China during the recent troubles). 
Paris pharmacists want to know why M. Crinon. the 
active and obliging secretary of the Pharmacy Congress, 
lias been overlooked in this list of honors. 

The Senate nnd the Acatleiuies. 

At the Senatorial elections of 1900. M. Cfear Duval, 
the ex-pharmacist, and M. Poirrier, the chemical manu- 
facturer of St. Denis, were both returned once more 
to the French Upper House of Parliament. 

Prof. Haller, already mentioned, has been elected a 
member of the Academy of Sciences, and M. Yvon, a 
well known Parisian pharmacist, now sits in the Phar- 
macy Section of the Academy of Medicine. This latter 
Academy, by the -way, has a pharmaceutical president 
for 1901. M. Alfred Riche, honorary professor of the 
School of Pharmacy, having been elected chairman a 
•week or two ago. 

Tlie Paris School of Pliarniacy 

ha.- rarely seen such a year of change. The death of 
its director, M. Planchon. and of Profs. Milne-Edwards 
and Beauregard, had left three gaps in the ranks of 
its teachers. The departure of Prof. Kiche (who had 
attained the limit of age when retirement is compulsory), 
and the more recent resignation of Prof. Moissan (who 
is now at the Academy of Sciences) left two more posts 
to be filled, and promotion is likely to be more rapid 
than it has been for long years among the professional 
staff. The death of M. Jeanjean. head of the Montpellier 
School of Pharmacy, and the retirement of M. Schlag- 
denhauffcn (who had attained the age limit) from the 
directorship of the Nancy School, would in themselves 
have been pharmaceutical events. Add to these the 
deaths of Profs. Friedel and Grimaux, the em'nent chemis- 
try professors, and the superannuation of M. Troost. 
and it m.iy bo .said that the last twelvemonth has been 



one of the most eventful for many years in the higher 
walks of French scientific education. 
Outside the schools and faculties. 

The Ohitiinry List 

contains some well known names; I-oon Chiris, the head of 
a notable firm in the raw perfumery line, M. Henri 
Sibourg. one of the founders of the "South-Eastern Fed- 
eration" of French Pharmacists. M. Pierre de la Calle. 
assistant manager of the Pharmacie Centrale, M. Alfred 




M. CADET DE G.\SSICOURT. 

I>amouir)UX, the Parisian Municipal Councillor (who re- 
ceived the Legion of Honor in 1889 for his foundat'on of 
the society for preserving relics and souvenirs of Old 
Paris); M. Duval, the treasurer of the French Drug Clerks' 
Association, and M. Gueit, pharmacist at the St. I^ouis 
Military Hospital in Senegal, who died at his post while 
an epidemic of yellow fever sent most of the ofncials hur- 
rying home from the French "white man's grave" of 
Western Africa. 

Ko.^fllty <an<l I'iiiiriiiiic^ . 

The late Dr. Cadet de Gassicourt, of the Paris Academy 
of Medicine; was the descendant of the well known phar- 
macists of last century. A legend (which obtains wide 
credence here) says that there is royal blood in this family. 
Cadet de Gassicourt, the ancestor, had an apothecary's 
shop close to the Louvre (royal palace) and a very pretty 
wife, who was supposed to have attracted the attention of 
King Louis XV., the "Bien-Aim4." 

It is certain that the husband rose to a brilliant posi- 
tion in the pharmaceutical world and became one of the 
leading Parisian apothecaries of his day. Possibly the rest 



ii8 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 31, 1901. 




M. GUIGNARD. 

of the tale had its origin in the fertile brain of some envi- 
ous neighbor; though Louis XV. had no particularly hig-h 
moral standard in these matters. 

M. Giiignard, 
who figures in the other portrait vie publi^^h, is the new 
director of the Paris School of Pharmacy, a post which 
may be considered as the apex of the French pharma- 
ceutical pyramid. A member of the Academy of Sciences, 
he is best known for his works on the reproduction of 
plants, and still occupies the chair of botany at the school. 

The Ne«r Diploma 
of Doctor of Pharmacy, though purely an honorary degree, 
is very popular. There is some talk of making this 
diploma obligatory for professorship at the pharmacy 
schools and possibly for other posts later on. The "first 
class" and "second class" pharmacists will soon be things 
of the past: as the "first class" certificate alone is now to 
be issued (law of 1898); and some would like to see the 
examination stiffened and the title of "Doctor" made the 
rule for all French pharmacists licensed to keep open shop, 
just as the M. D. degree is the one uniform qualification 
for French medical practice. 

The diploma of "Pharmacist's .\ssistant." advocated by 
the drug clerks' association, seems to be favorably re- 
garded by the pharmacists. The idea is to form an exam- 
ining board (say three masters and two capable assist- 
ants) and to issue a certificate of efficiency to such candi- 
dates as show a really practical knowledge of pharma- 
ceutical matters. Of course, no monopoly i? insisted on, 
evidently if the masters find the certificated assistants 
more capable the status of the drug clerk (and naturally 
his pay also) would be raised in cases where really efficient 
help was desired. 

The ir^nal Press Attnelc 
on pharmacists as a class was recently made, this time in 
the Matin, one of the brightest and most widely circulated 
of modern Parisian daily papers. "A Hospital Doctor" as- 
serted that fifty prescriptions taken to fifty pharmacists 
(by a working man or poorly dressed person) would all 
give different results when compared and analyzed. The 
president and secretary of the Paris Pharmacists' Syndi- 
cate replied (in the columns of the same paper) asking the 
writer to put his assertion to the test of actual experi- 
ment. But the anonymous "hospital doctor" (or journal- 
ist, as the case may be.) did not step forward to pick up 
the guantlet. 

In the LfR'n' Courts 
a few inteVesting cases were tried. The Court of Appeal 



upheld the theory of the Parisian Pharmacists" Syndicate 
that the title "Anllpyrlne" (In France) was not t^e ex- 
clusive property of Dr. Knorr. 

Tlic **One Man, One I'hurnincy*' I'rlnciple 

of the Law of (terminal was victoriously upheld at 
Limoges by the local Syndicate, and the owner of a Paris 
pharmacy, who had managed a benefit society's ofBclne In 
this provincial town for a short time, was fined £20. 

The ReHiionxihlllty of the I'burmaclHt 

for all goods he sells has also been uphelil. A wholesale 
druggist supplied a pharmacist with sulphate of zinc 
Instead of sulphate of soda, but the court held the 
retailer criminally responsible and condemned him to 
a month's imprisonment. The wholesale druggists' 
men (who were the real authors of the error) es- 
caped with a $20 fine apiece; but their employer was held 
civilly responsible In case of an action for damages on the 
I»art of the patient who had suffered from the dose. 
Phnrninetftt vm, Drngr Clerk. 

The rule that a drug clerk may take what medicine he 
personally requires out of the store is sometimes abused, 
and an assistant guilty of exaggeration In this respect was 
fined .flOO. The employer, however, only obtained $3 dam- 
ages In place of the :?400 he sued for. 

Doetor vs. PharniaclHt. 

This was a curious case where a lady complained of the 
disagreeable effects of a medicament. The obliging doctor 
swallowed a dose, just to reassure her. but was taken ill. 
He found the pharmacist had incorrectly dispensed his 
prescription and sued ihim for $1,(HI0 damages. The court 
held that (1) the doctor had no need to test his medicines 
on himself: (2) that the illegibly written pencilled inscrip- 
tion greatly exonerated the pharmacjst, and reduced the 
damages to $100. 

The Revolver in Conrt. 

The sensational case of the year was that of M. Bardin. 
pharmacist. Irritated by the loss of a long lawsuit, he 
pulled a revolver from his pocket and fired twice at the 
sitting magistrates. Luckilj- he aimed too high. He was 
promptly removed in custody, where he lingered some 
eight months before his trial came on; so that although 
he was recently sentenced to fifteen months' imprisonment 
he has but a few months to serve. An agitation, supported 
by many pharmacists, has been set on foot to procure his 
conditional release. He is a highly respectable man with 
a. large family, and appears to have acted under the influ- 
ence of a sudden fit of uncontrollable anger. 



INSECTS RESEMBLING THE ORCHID.— At the Zoo- 
logical Society of London. 'Nelson Annandale, who accom- 
panied the Malay Expedition of 1890-00, recently delivered 
a lecture regarding the insects discovered during their 
investigations. He described the remarkable likeness of 
some of the Mantidie to the orchid flower, and in the 
photographs shown it was impossible ^to discern the insects 
from the flower. Mr. Annandale also stated that after 
prolonged examinations of the lantern fly, he had dis- 
covered that the projection in front of the head was in 
reality a leaping organ. He followed the movements of 
one of these insects on the bark of a durian tree. He 
attempted to catch it, but the insect remained almost still 
and drew its legs toward its body amd pressed its claws 
firmly against the bark. It then reased its head with 
great rapidity and flew up into the air without spreading 
its wings, alighting on the roof of a native house about 
six feet distant. While in Malay, Mr. Annandale was 
unable to explain this extraordinary movement, but when 
he reached London and examined his spirit specimens 
he discovered that across the nose there was a crease 
and when the nose was benit back to the dorsal surface 
of the abdomen, held between the finger and thumb and 
then suddenly released, the insect was propelled through 
the air for a considerable distance in the same manner 
that a pellet may be projected through the air by means 
of a bent piece of whalebone. (Sci. Am.) 



LOCAL ANESTHETIC SOLUTION.— In the Medical 
Record Dr. G. F. Lydston speaks approvingly of the 
virtues of a 10 per cent, solution of antipyrin in a 1 per 
cent, solution of carbolic acid. It was employed in this 
solution with satisfaction in meatotomy and urethrotomy. 
Its styptic effect is not followed by vascular relaxation 
and hemorrhage. 



January 31, 1901.] 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



rr9 



PHARMACY IN AUSTRALASIA. 

Sydney. N. S. W., Dec. 21. 1900. 

The current register, 1. e.. for 1901, of pharmaceutical 
chemists In the Colony of New South Wales gives the 
following figures and classification: Five registered under 
Section B. having been assistants prior to the passing of 
the Poisons Act of 1876; 94 registered under Section C, 
having been In business on their own account before the 
passing' of the Pharmacy Act, 1897; 315 registered under 
Section D. having been apprentices or assistants before 
the passing of the Pharmacy Act. 1897, and 365 registered 
under Section F. having been registered under the Poisons 
Act, 1876. These make a total of 779 pharmacists on the 
New South Wales register. There are close on 900 phar- 
macists on the Victorian register. 

The consummation of the Australian Commonwealth 
and the boom and flame of patriotism created on all sides 
have done much to help the pharmaceutical federation of 
all the States. The word used by the different pharmacy 
boards is "reciprocity," or the mutual interchange and 
recogmition of certificates, which is nothing If not federa- 
tion in every sense. For a long time the large number 
of registered men In New South Wales who had passed 
no examination at all was the Hon in the path. The 
Victorian Pharmacy Board strongly objected to the recog- 
nition of these men, but seeing It was hopeless to ever 
get the colonies to unite unless they were admitted to the 
benefits of the Reciprocal Agreement, Victoria has with- 
drawn from that position and has agreed to the inclusion 
of all existing registers. 

I have previously referred to the position of pharma- 
cists under the Early Closing Act of New South Wales 
and the defeat of the measure by Mr. R. T. Bellemey, 
who refused to close his shop door at 9 P. M. An amend- 
ing bill was Introduced into Parliament to compel all 
chemists to shut and fasten their doors at 9 P. M. as was 
Intended in the original act. After much debating, the 
amending bill was passed In a modified form suitable to 
all pharmacists who are permitted to trade all night if 
they wish in medicines, drugs, surgical instruments, etc. 

A Queensland pharmacist named Coningham, a member 
of the Australian cricket eleven which visited the United 
States about five years ago, has created an extraordinary 
sensation in Sydney by joining Cardinal Moran's secre- 
tary, the Rev. Dr. O'Haran, as co-respondent in a divorce 
petition against his wife. The case lasted two weeks 
and the jury disagreed, the whole of the evidence being 
of the most remarkable description. Singularly, the 
wife is the petitioner's principal witness, and the public 
is confounded as to whether her frank admissions are 
true or whether the case is a conspiracy between husband 
and wife to get damages, the amount claimed being £5,000, 
from the Roman Catholic priest. 

After twenty years of effort the medical profession have 
at last got the Parliament of New South Wales to pass 
an act for the suppression of quacks and quackery. The 
charlatans have to take down the word "Doctor," and 
are subject to rigorous provisions in the Act. 

The wholesale biisiness of Taylor & Colledge, of Bris- 
bane, Q.. has been convet^ed into a limited liability com- 
pany with a capital of £50,000 of £1 shares, 24,000 being 
allotted, full paid up. to the vendors. 

With a view to the encouragement of the distillation 
of eucalyptus oil in South Australia, the Parlia-ment of 
that State has passed a short act giving the treasurer 
power to grant licenses to applicants who desire to distil 
the oil on their undertaking to enter into sureties of 
£100 that the still shall not be used for any other pur- 
pose. The fee for the license is fixed at 10s. per year. 

Indecent Advertisements and Publications Acts are 
now In force throughout Australia and New Zealand. 
Tasmania was the last to pass a measure on all fours with 
the other colonies. Several pharmacists have been heavily 
fined for selling Clarke's B41 pills without removing the 
wrapper, also injections of Matico and other prepara- 
tions that came within the meaning of the act. 

Mr. Hlckson, a well-known and well-liked Tasmanian 
pharmacist, has just come back from England and repre- 
sents things as very gloomy In the old countrj-. He 
says, "The stores and limited companies are playing sad 
havoc with the drug trade, and It is my belief that the 
retail pharmacist will soon be unknown in Great Britain." 
These remarks fit New South Wales, too. The pharma- 
cists here are only shopkeepers, selling the manufac- 
tures of others. They don't make a pill, a tincture, a 
syrup or a poison — everything Is supplied them by the 
wholesale houses. The enlightened public are aware of 



ihls. and Instead of buying from the retail pharmacist 
they go to the wholesale houses or get their Co-operative 
Store's manager to send to the drug houses for what they 
require. The prescribing business Is very limited— a few 
pharmacists In the city of Sydney monopolizing It all. 
Presently the majority of retail pharmacists will be little 
better than dealers In soaps, perfumes and fancy goods. 
Twenty years ago the chemists used to make all their 
own tinctures, etc.. etc.. and the people had confldcncfr 
In them, but all that has vanished now. 

A Victorian pharmacist. Mr. Albert Owen, while stand- 
ing at his shop door in the main street in Geelong durlng- 
November was attacked by four larrikin thieves and- 
garrotters and brutally maltreated, besides being robbed 
of a gold watch and chain and the money in his pockets. 
The fellows were caught by the police after the outrage 
and have received the severest jail sentences the law can 
impose. Mr. Owens was nearly killed by the four robbers. 

Business is pretty well suspended In Sydney In conse- 
quence of the preparations for the great Commonwealth 
procession on the 1st of January. The New South Wales 
Government Is spending nearly a million dollars In decor- 
ating the city and providing accommodation for 20,000 
visitors and 10.000 military, including the British and 
Indian troops. 



EVOLUTION 0(F OIL. OF GERANIUM.— Following the- 
same lines as laid down In his researches on lavender, 
peppermint and wormwood oils, E. Charabot has observed 
the evolution of the volatile oil of geranium, comparing 
the constituents of two speclTnens of oil derived from 
plants grown in the same field; the one distilled from 
green plants on July 18 last year and the second from 
another portion of the crop, more developed, but still 
green, distilled on August 21. As in the case of the 
other oils, the proportion of esters was found to increase- 
as the plants developed, the amount of total alcohol* 
also slightly Increased, while the amount of free alco- 
hols diminished, but less than Is equivalent to the in- 
crease in the amount of esters, so that In this case, as 
etherifloation takes place without dehydration, a small 
amount of free alcohol is formed. The amount of ketone 
(menthone) In these two samples showed no very marked 
difference; but In a third distillation from the same crop 
in the middle of September, when the plants had attained 
their full maturity, the amount of ketone was materially 
increased. Thus, although the ketone, menthone, has 
no Intimate relation to the alcohols geraniol and rbodinol 
present in the oil. yet it appears in quantity during the 
period of the greatest respiratory activity of the plant 
in both cases . It Is found also that as the growth of the 
plant progresses the proportion of rhodinol increases, 
while the geraniol diminishes. Although not yet proved, 
it is not improbable that this change may take place ii» 
the green parts of the plant, geraniol being converted 
into rhodinol by the addition of two atoms of hydrogen. 
In the same way. the menthone is possibly derived by 
oxidation from the rhodinol thus formed, which may first 
be converted into rhodinol and then spontaneously trans- 
formed into its laevo-menthone. (Comptes. rend.; Pharm. 
Jour.) 



COCKROACH POISON.— The following remedy for 
cockroaches Is given In the Entomological Bulletin of th« 
United States Department of Agriculture: A mixture off 
one part of plaster of Paris with three or four parts of 

flour is placed on a saucer on the floor. Near at band i» 
a plate containing water and both plate and saucer are- 
supplied with a few bridges to facilitate access, wWle- 
one or two thin slips of wood float on the water anA 
touch the margin of the plate. The Insects readily eat 
the mixture of plaster and flour, and. becoming thirsty, 
then drink, with the result that the plaster sets and clog» 
the ereaitures internally with fatal effect. This plan has 
been tried with considerable success at a locality in South: 
-Australia where cockroaches were very troublesome a. 
few years ago. though few complaints are made about 
them now. The method Is so simple that It might easily 
be given a trial In kitchens and places Infested witk 
these pests. 



WALNUT HAIR DTE.— Green walnut shells, 450; 
powdered alum, 30; rose water, 120. Beat together h» a 
mortar and then press; for every 100 parts of fluid add^ 
30 of alcohol (90 per cent.), allow the mixture to stand) 
for four days. Alter and perfume It desired. (Oesterjr. 
Zelts, fUr Pharm.) 



I20 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 31^ 1901. 



QUESTION BOX 

The object of this department Is to furnish our sub^ 
scrlbers and their clerks with reliable and tried formulas 
and to discuss questions relating to practical pharmacy, 
prescription work, dispensing difficulties, etc. 

Re<iue3ts for Information are not acknowledged by 
mall, and ANONYMOUS COMMUNICATIONS RECEIVE 
NO ATTENTION; neither do we answer queries In this 
department from non-subscribers. In this department 
frequent reference Is necessarily made to Information 
published In previous Issues of the Era. Copies of these 
may be obtained at ten cents each. 



L-lanld Deiillatory.— (W. H. 

October 4, 1<KK). page 372. 



B.) See this journal. 



Tasteless Elixir of Iron, Qalniiie an<l Stryeli- 
nlne.— (J. W. J.) We know of no practical formula under 
this title, the nearest one to it being that found in the 
National Formulary. In considering such a formula as 
here asked for, It is hardly possible to suppose that a 
liquid preparation containing medicinal doses of strych- 
nine can be so made as to be entirely "tasteless." Any 
reader ha\nng knowledge of a formula of this kind is 
asked to conitribute it for publication in this department. 

Etfhlngr Brass SiKns (M. and T.) Paint the sign 

with asphalt varnish, leaving the parts to be etched un- 
painted and raise a border around the outside with soft 
beeswax or asphalt to hold the acid. Use nitric acid 
diluted with five times the quantity of water. Pour the 
dilute acid on the sign to the depth of one-fourth inch. 
When the letters are cut deep enough, which must be 
found by trial, the acid may be poured off and the plate 
cleaned by heating and wiping and finally with turpen- 
tine. 

Silverin;;; Mirrors,— (L,. C. L.I See this journal No- 
vember S, 1900, page 511. Here is another formula: Dis- 
solve l.T grains of silver nitrate in 5 drams of water and 
add stronger water of ammonia until the precipitate at 
first formed is redissolved. Then add 1.3 grains of caustic 
potash dissolved in 1 dram of water; a precipitate is 
again formed, and ammonia solution is to 'be added until 
it almost dissolves. Then add a saturated solution of 
silver nitrate uiitil the solution becomes of a straw color. 
Now place the glass to be silvered in a flat dish (such as 
a developing dish), with supports which will raise it 
about 1:; inch from the bottom. Pour water into the dish 
to completely cover the under surface of the glass; re- 
move the glass, pour some of the silver solution into the 
water, stir; then add some solution of pure dextrin, again 
stir, and replace the glass. A deposit of metallic silver 
is formed on the surface of the glass in about fifteen 
minutes. 

Canker Cnre — (D. and F.t Canker of the mouth is 
generally associated with disorders of the stomach and 
bowels, hence something more than local treatment is 
indicated. Improper feeding is the chief exciting cause, 
and the main thing to do is to regulate the diet. One of 
the best of local applications is borax and honey, fre- 
quently smeared upon the affected parts with the finger. 
In some localities an infusion of gold thread is similarly 
employed. Here are some formulas which have been 
recommended: 

(1) Potassium Chlorate 30 grains. 

Honey 2 drams. 

Water, enough to make .'. . 2 ounces. 

Wash the mouth several times a day using a soft rag. 

(2) Borax 4 parts. 

Tincture of Myrrh 8 parts. 

Syrup of mulberries 60 parts. 

Canker Sores on Lips, Mouth, Tongue or Throat. 

(3) Sulphate of zinc 40 grains. 

Rose water, or pure water 1 ounce. 

Apply every other day to the spots with a camel's hair 
brush or piece of cotton. Canker sores can be touched 
to advantage every day or two with burnt alum or a 
piece of sulphate of copper. 

.\ssay of Formalclehyde Solutions — (D. & F.) 

A simple and rapid method of assaying the commercial 
products of formaldehyde is that proposed by Carl E. 
Smith. It is conducted as follows: Dissolve 2 grams of 
pure Tieutral ammonium chloride in 25 Cc. of water and 
introduce it into a flask provided with a well-fitting 
Stopper. Add 2.25 grams of the sample of formaldehyde. 



ami then run in from a burettr 25 cc. of normal poiaj^slum 
or sodium hydrate volumetric »<»lution. Stopper the tiask 
at once and put it aside for one-half hour. TheB add a 
few drops of rosollc acid test solution, an'i determine the 
excess of ammonia with normal sulphuric acid volumetric 
solution: each cubic centimeter at normal pota-sslum hy- 
drate consumed Indicates 2 per cent, of formaldehyde. 
The reactions involved are: 

(I) NH,Cl+K0iH = >fH,OH4-KCl 
(2) GCHjO-t JNH.OH = N.(CH:)8-t-ll>Il-0. 
The ammoni.i combines with the formaldehyde nearly a» 
fast as it is liberated, and, consequently, has little ctaince 
to volatilize. The presence of commercial methyl alcohol 
Is said to lower the result slightly, while pure methyl 
alcohol and acetone exert, practically, no InAuence. This 
process of assay Is a modification of the ammonia test 
proposed by Legler. and which is based on the fact that 
free ammonia and formaldehyde react to form hexamfith- 
ylene-tetramine. 



e» 



Some PreHeriiillou Ineonipati'bllHleM.i — T. Haius- 
man. of this cit.v, contributes the following interesting 
abstract of comments on some prescription incofnpatibUi- 
ties w^hich appeared in the Russian "Pharm-Herold'": 

I. 
Tincture conv^allaria majalls. 

Ethereal tincture valerian of ea«&. % ounce 

On compounding this mixture ^becomes cloudy, a thick 
precipitate being deposited after two ©r three days. The 
correspondent submitting the prescription suggests- that 
this precipitation may be overcome tiy using 2 drams 
the ethereal tincture and 2 drams of simple syrup, instead 
of 4 drams of the ethereal tincture. This proce<ture is 
not in accordance with the prescription, and it is recom- 
mended that Vj dram of distilled water be first mixed witl 
the ethereal tincture of valerian and the other tinjctuTj 
then added. In compounding the mixture in this way 
transparent solution is formed which remains cleaj for 
■long time. 

II. 
Fluid extract of hydrastis 

Tincture of cannabis rndica. of eeich. I ounce 

A little water will prevent the precipitation of 
tract (?). 

HI. 

Extract of nux vomica 4 grains 

Hoffmann's anodyne (Liq. Anod. 

Hoftmanni) 1 ounce 

Again water should be used. Rub the extract with 
little alcohol, adding about 1 dram of distilled water. 
few drops at a time. Then add the Hoffmann's anodyn 
As a rule, where alcohol or ether causes a cloudy mix 
ture. water is recommended as the clearing agent. 

Fowler's solution 2 drams 

Compound tincture of cinchona 1 ounce 

The cloudy mixture which will result on compoundinj 
may be prevented by the addition of a little 93 per cent 
alcohol. 

V. 

Codeine, pure 6 grains 

Cherrylaurel water ^ ounce 

By dissolving the codeine in a little alcohol and the 
adding the cherry laurel water the codeine is precipitates 
It is advisable to add 1 or 2 grains of citric acid, whic 
converts the codeine into the citrate. This salt is freel 
soluble in the cherrylaurel water. 
VL 

Sulphuric ether 

Oil of turpentine, of each ^A ounce 

By the addition of 5 to 10 drops of alcohol a tra.ns 
parent, instead of a turbid, mixture will be formed. 



UXXA'S SALICYLIC ACID OINTMENT IN THl 
TREATMENT OF PSORIASIS.— Dr. Richter (Archive 
medicales beiges) reports a case of psoriasis that had oh 
stinately resisted all other treatment, but which yielded 
immediately to Unna's compound salicylic acid ointment, 
the formula for which is as follows: 

B Salicylate acid 3 parts. 

Pyrogallic acid 3 parts. 

Ammonium sulph-ichthyolate 3 parts. 

Olive oil 10 parts. 

Lanolin 100 parts. 

Mix. 

PURATYLEN— .\ lime chloride preparation used in 
purifying acetylen. 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 

NEW YORK AND VICINITY. 



SCHEDULE B NOT TO BE WHOLLY RE- 
PEALED. 



Retlncllon Reconunended by Senate Fluance Com- 
mittee Does >ot F^iirnlsh Relief Desired l>y Drug; 
Trade — Ttie E]xact Interpretation of tlie Measure 
l*ft Wltli Internal Revenue Collector — The Lavr 
As Proposed. 

Despite the efforts uf the legislative committees and in- 
dividual members of the Proprietary Association of 
America, the N. W. D. A. and the N. A. R. D., the Finance 
Committee of the Senate made its report to that body last 
week without the recommendation for a repeal of Schedule 
B of the War Revenue Act. which these men had labored 
for and which the House of Representatives had unani- 
mously decided should be done. On the contrary, the 
committee suggests a schedule as follows: One-tenth of 
one cent on all articles which retail for ten cents or under, 
and one-twentieth of one cent for every five cents or frac- 
tion thereof additional. Even this reduction was only ac- 
complished after tremendous influence was brought to 
bear on Senator Aldrich, chairman of the Finance Com- 
mittee, and who is said to be the power in the Senate. 

Some time ago a certain manufacturer used his influence 
with the Finance Committee for the retention of the 
burdensome tax on the ground that it was a protection to 
his goods, Inasmuch as the Government became plaintiff 
in cases of fraud or imitation. At the time this man's 
efforts became known it was hinted that he was acting as 
the spokesman for certain large manufacturing interests 
whose proprietors wished the tax retained for selfish 
reasons. A meeting of those fighting for the repeal of the 
tax was called in this city and a memorial was drawn up 
urging the repeal of the bill. This was presented to the 
proprietors who were said to be opposed and they all 
signed it. Thus when a large delegation of proprietors, 
wholesalers and retailers, went to Washington last week 
they had but the one manufacturer's opposition to meet. 
The members of the party were: H. B. Harding, treas- 
urer. Humphreys Homeopathic Remedy Company, New 
York; W. C. Anderson, president, and J. C. Gallagher, 
chairman of the Legislative Committee of the N. A. R. D. ; 
E. C. De Witt, Chairman Legislative Committee of Pro- 
prietary Association of America; George W. Douglas, at- 
torney for same association; A. H. Beardsley, of the 
Miles Medicine Company. Elkhart, Ind.; Mr. Griffin, of 
Scott & Bowne, New York; R. W. Johnson and F. B. Kil- 
mer of Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick; M. N. Kline, 
of Smith, Kline & French Co., Philadelphia; H. M. Sharp, 
Dr. D. Jayne & Son, Philadelphia, and E. M. Hance, 
Hance Bros. & White, Philadelphia, and G. P. Engelhard, 
of Chicago. The Finance Committee had decided to grant 
no hearings on the measure, but Senator Aldrich was 
finally persuaded to meet the gentlemen named in his 
private room in the Senate Chamber. The first thing done 
was to display some of the goods of the objecting manu- 
facturer, who claimed the law protected his goods. It 
was shown that he was not taking advantage of the spe- 
cial privilege accorded by the Government in using a 
private die, and for that reason his opposition was with- 
out bottom. 

Senator -Udrich then stated he would be willing to 
have the assistance of the gentlemen present In framing 
a bill pointing out the stumbling blocks to the Govern- 
ment, but he would not permit the delegation to treat on 
the rate in drawing the bill. 

The gentlemen insisted that the Finance Committee 
recommend the abolition of the entire tax, but Senator 
Aldrich would not consent to any such proposition; he 



would, however, favor a reduction. This the committee 
urged should be on the decimal system instead of the 
fractional method as at present. The delegation thought! 
it better to obtain a reduction of the tax with the inter- 
pretation of its scope and application left with the In- 
ternal Revenue Department, rather than have the 2^ per 
cent, taxation as at present. Senator .\ldrich considered 
that Inasmuch as the three interests of the trade were 
represented and that each held the same view of the 
situation, that a reduction as above stated should be 
recommended. 

Practically no relief Is given the retail druggist In the 
bill as reported, and of which the articles relating to 
Schedule B are printed below. It is said that the same 
conditions and resultant tangles which have occupied 
much of the time of the Internal Revenue Departmenli 
will prevail, as the bill has not definitely determined just 
what articles should or should not be taxed. If this 
"trouble " recurs it is hoped that this will be fighting 
ground for a renewal of the argument for repeal later on. 
When Senator Aldrich made known his position one of the 
delegation present remarked that all members of the trade 
would be compelled to "lick, stick and cancel" for another 
time to come. 

It is hinted that the bill as recommended by the Senate 
will meet with serious opposition when it is brought up in 
the Conference Committee of Committees of the Senate 
and House. The members of the House Committee are 
said to be wrought up over the way the Finance Commit- 
tee has "blue penciled" the measure it saw fit to pass and 
will stand to the last ditch for a repeal of the bill. The 
text of the amendment to Schedule B is given below: 

Sec. 20. That on and after the first day of July, 1901, 
any person, firm, compan.v or corporation that shall make, 
prepare and sell, or remove for consumption or sale, any 
drug, medicine, medicinal preparation, composition, article 
or thing upwn which a tax is Imposed by this act, as pro- 
vided for in Schedule B, without affixing thereto an ad- 
hesive stamp or label denoting the tax before mentioned, 
or shall print, or cause to be printed on the label or 
package thereof a false or erroneous formula, or any 
false statement as to the pharmacopoeia or formulary 
from which such formula is taken, as hereinafter pre- 
scribed, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon con- 
\'ictIon thereof shall pay a fine of not more than ?500, or 
be imprisoned not more than six months, or both, at the 
discretion of the court. 

Provided, that no stamp tax shall be imposed upon any 
uncompounded drug or chemical wherein the person 
making, altering or vending the same does not have or 
claim to have an exclusive right to the making or pre- 
paring of the same, or does not have or claim to have any 
proprietary right in the exclusive or special use of the 
name or title thereof, or upon any uncompounded drug or 
chemical not made, uttered or vended under any letters 
patent issued in this or any foreign country. 

And provided further, that no stamp tax shall be im- 
posed upon any medicine or medicinal preparation com- 
pounded according to a formula in the United States 
Pharmacopoeia or the National Formulary of an edition 
not earlier than the year ISOO, when such medicine or 
preparation is designated on the package or inelosure 
thereof by 11.=; true and correct name or title as denom- 
inated or laid down in such Pharmacopoeia or National 
Formulary as aforesaid, and when the edition and page 
of such pharmacopoeia or formulary containing the 
formula of such preparation or medicines are conspicu- 
ou.sly given upon the package thereof. 

Nor .shall any stamp tax be imposed upon any medicine 
or medicinal preparation which bears conspicuously upon 
the package or label thereof the true and correct working 
formula for making, compounding or preparing the same: 
Provided, that such medicine or preparation is not adver- 
tised on the package thereof, or otherwise, to the public 
by the makers, venders, or proprietors as a remedy or 
specific for any disease or ailment; but no tax shall be 
Imposed upon any such medicine or medicinal preparation 
the proper name or title of which may Indicate its specific 
use. but which Is the recognized pharmaceutical or clas- 
sifying name in common use by physicians or pharmacists 
in their practice, and not a proprietary name or term 
within the provision hereof, nor shall any stamp tax be 
imposed upon anv medicine sold to or for the use of any 
person which may be mixed or compounded for such per- 



122 



THE PHARMACEUTICAL ERA. 



[January 31, 1901. 



son according to the written recipe or prescription of any 
physician or surgeon, or which may be put up or com- 
pounded for said person by a druggist or pharmacist 
selling such medicine at retail only. 

Sec. 6. That the paragraphs of Schedule B of said act. 
approved June 13. 1898. relating to medicinal proprietary 
articles and preparations, are hereby amended to read as 
follows: "Medicines or medicinal preparations: For and 
upon every packet, box, bottle, pot or phial, or other 
inclosure containing any pills, powders, tinctures, troches 
or lozenges, syrups, cordials, bitters, anodynes, tonics, 
plasters, liniments, salves, ointments, pastes, drops, 
■wat) rs (excepting spring waters and carbonated natural 
spring w.iters). spirits, essences, oils and all other me- 
dicinal compositions whatsoever, made and sold, or re- 
mtiveil for sale, b.v any person or persons whatever, 
wheiein the person making or preparing the same has 
or claims to have any private formula, secret or occult 
art f'lr [he making of or preparing the same, or has or 
claims to have any exclusive right or title to the making 
or preparing of the same, or who has or claims to have 
any right by trademark or otherwise to the exclusive use 
of the title or name of the same, or which are prepared, 
uttered, vended, or exposed for sale under any letters 
patent, or which, if prepared by any formula, published or 
unpublished, are held out or recommended to the public 
by the makers, venders, or proprietors thereof as pro- 
prietary medicines, or are advertised by the makers, vend- 
ers, or proprietors on the package thereof or otherwise to 
the public as remedies or specifics for any disease, dis- 
eases, or affection whatsoever affecting the human or 
animal body, as follows: 

Where such packet, box. bottle, pot, phial, or other in- 
closure, with its contents, shall not exceed at the retail 
price or value the sum of ten cents, one-twentieth of one 
cent, and for each additional five cents or fractional part 
thereof in excess of ten cents one-twentieth of one cent. 

The tern; medicine or medicinal preitaration, as used 
in this act. is hereby defined to be any substance used or 
recommended to cure or alleviate disease or pain, or any 
ailment or affection whatsoever in the human or animal 
body, whether applied externally or internall.v. 

Sec. 12. That the provisions of this act shall take eltect 
on and after the first dav of July, 1901. 



NEW PHARMACY LAW IN DANGER. 



Charter Revision Couunission to Revise the Nefr 
Yorii City Cliarter Has Inserted Cliap. 37.S. Latts 
of 1S97. In New Citj- Cliarter— 1£ the Charter 
Becomes a Law, It Is Feared the New Phar- 
macy Law- 'Will Be Superseded Here. 
If the revised charter for Greater New York, as pre- 
sented by the Charter Revision Committee to the Legisla- 
ture, becomes a law. it is thought by some that It will 
supersede the new pharmacy law, so far as this city is 
concerned. This conclusion is arrived at from the fact 
that the commission has inserted in the charter the old 
pharmacy law in the charter of 1S97, which passed from 
existence January 1. when the new law became effective. 

It is not known just when the bill will come up for 
action, but Governor Odell has sent it to both branches of 
the Legislature with some recommendations of his own, 
and it is possible it will be speedily disposed of. 

Apparently no efforts have been made by anyone to in- 
form the commission of the new law nor the error it has 
made. 

Secretary Faber, of the new Board of Pharmacy, sent 
a communication to the Manhattan Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation in time for the meeting Monday evening, January 
21, but it was not reached for action. It was given into 
the hands of Chairman Hitchcock, of the Legislative Com- 
mittee of the society, and he promised to attend to the 
matter immediately. 

Members of the Board of Pharmacy are confident the 
enactment of the law as a part of the Greater New York 
charter will nullify the authority of the new pharmacy 
law in this city. Some believe that the presence of the law 
in the charter is the result of chicanery on the part of 
some w'ho have opposed the new pharmacy law and are 
dissatisfied with it. 



HUMPHREYS' CAXADI.VN LABOR.VTORIES 
DESTROYED. 

The laboratories of the Humphreys Homeopathic Rem- 
edy Company at Montreal were totally destroyed in the 
fire which visited that city last week, devastating over a 
block of buildings and doing $200,000 damage. This is the 
third time the Humphreys' plant at Montreal has been 
destroyed since it was established there about twenty 
years ago. The business of the concern was not affected 
and orders are being filled from the office in this city. 



MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY. 

Lliely Solution of Manhattan IMia rniaceut Icni .Vsso- 
ciatlon — Chairman L.i'K:iNlutl\ «- Coniiiilttee Pre- 
sents ExIiuuHllve Report — New rians Introduced. 

A regular meeting of the Manhattan Pharmaceutical 
Society was held Monday evenintr, January 21, with a 
large attendanqe. 

Secretary Swann, following the reading of the minutes 
of the previous meeting, announced that George H. 
Hitchcock had been named chairman of the Committee 
on Legislation and the following a Committee on Revision 
of the Association Constitution: J. Maxwell Pringle. Jr., 
chairman; William Weis and J. M. Tobin. 

Treasurer Hitchcock reported balance on hand Isist 
meeting. $419.08: receipts, S20; disbursements, $105; bal- 
ance, $3.34.08. 

President Smith then called on Mr. Hitchcock to report 
as chairman of the Legislative Committee. Mr. Hitch- 
cock thanked the president and members for the honor. 
He drew a parallel between the druggist and the horse. 
The horse was piled with almost unbearable loads, he was 
beaten unmercifully, illy fed and made to lead a life of 
slavery because he does not know his strength. But 
suddenly he awakes and, taking the bit between his 
teeth. dashes away, overturning the load, spilling the 
driver, and, thus free, seeking pastures of plenty. The 
druggist was much the same. "Let us rise," said Mr. 
Hitchcock, "and in our strength throw oft the load at 
postage stamps, directories, telephones and all the other 
things that do not belong to the drug business and thus 
hold our professionalism in its proper balance." He 
then spoke of the new pharmacy law. commenting on its 
general excellence. He spoke of a plan to repeal the law 
creating the military pharmacist by means of a bill in 
the present session of the Legislature. He referred to 
the bill in Congress substituting the metric system for 
the American system and added that it should become a 
law. He also touched on the efforts made to secure the 
repeal of the Stamp Tax. He concluded by requesting 
members to send clippings on pharmaceutical legislation 
from the daily papers to him. 

Mr. Erb introduced the subject of the druggist's in- 
surance against liability for mistakes made in compound- 
ing prescriptions. He introduced W. L. Payne, of the 
Fidelity and Casualty Company, of this city, who ex- 
plained the plan of the company. A motion was then 
passed that the association endorse the plan and recom- 
mend it to its members. Mr. Erb is endeavoring to 
secure a club of sixty members, when a rebate of 20 per 
cent, from the regular yearly policy premium will be 
given each member. 

The next subject was the price list adopted by the 
Joint Conference Committee. Mr. Schweinfurth reported 
for the committee telling of the work done. 

Mr. Pond asked President Smith if it was not his- 
opinion that trade would be driven into the department 
stores by the new prices, inasmuch as the department 
stores opposed the plan. 

Mr. Schweinfurth had a number of items to present 
to the Joint Conference Committee for adjustment. The 
association decided that toilet articles were not to be- 
considered as coming under the list. 

Mr. Pringle reported progress for his Committee on 
Constitution Revision. 

An invitation from the German Apothecaries' Society 
to attend its ball was accepted, with twenty itickets. 

A letter from Secretary Wooten of the N. A. R. D. 
bearing on the War Revenue Act was then read. It 
urged the secretary to write a letter to the Finance Com- 
mittee of the Senate asking for the repeal of the act. 
This was carried, and letters were directed to be sent to 
the Senators from this State, and President Smith recom- 
mended that individual members write letters asking for 
the repeal of the tax. 

A letter was read from Hall & Ruckel. manufacturers 
of Sozodont. asking if conditions and profits from the sale 
of Sozodont were satisfactory. A representative of the 
firm explained that it was their purpose to do everything 
in their power to regulate sales of this dentifrice and tO' 
best serve the druggist. The matter was then referred 
to the Joint Conference Committee for action. 

A letter was read from the First Aid to the Injured 
Society, stating it was the desire to give a -series of 
lectures to a class of druggists so they might secure the 
badge of the society. Mr. Diekman said the students of 
the New York College of Pharmacy had taken the lectures 



Jan 



iiary 31. lyoi. 



NEWS DEPARTMENT. 



1^5 



OIK I' ami a sliiUem who practiced the knowledge obtained 
was assiiJled by the County Medical Society, which re- 
Biiliid in his l.elng lined. 

Two members were then elected and eight new names 
printo.^ed. 

On motion a committee of three was named to take 
suitable action on the dea.th of A. F. GeWiard, which oc- 
cured during Decem'ber. 

C. S. Erb spoke of the formation of a trust of witch 
hazel manufacturers and said "hereafter you'll be ch.arged 
double for witch hazel." Discussion on this worked itself 
around to the price question once more and about a 
half hour was consumed. 

T. W. Linton gave, a short history of the law creating 
the rank of military pharmacist and said a law had been 
introduced in the State Legislature revising the military 
code anu cutting out the military pharmacist. It was 
moved 'that the association instruct its Legislative Com- 
miltee to urge the Legislature to embody a resolution 
pioviding for the military pharmacist in the bill at present 
before the House. 

FIRE IN DRUG HOUSE. 

The Firm of Lelin & Fink Suffers Ileiivy Los.<i 
from Fire — Fear of Anotlier Tiirr^liit Disaster 
I'nnses Fire Chief to Send Fveryone .\'way 
from Scene — Business Con tinned AVithoat In- 
terrnption. 

The cry of "Fire" startled the employees of the large 
wholesale drug house of Lehn & Fink at 128 William 
street as they were preparing to quit work a few minutes 
before 6 o'clock Friday evening. January 25. and almost 
before they could realize the full import of the warning. 
the flames were upon them, coming from the cellar in the 
extreme rear of the building. 

"U'ith all possible haste an alarm was turned in and 
when Battalion Chief Kruger. the first com'mander to 
arrive, saw the location of t'he fire he remembered the 
lesson of the Tarrant & Company disaster, and sent in a 
fourth alarm which brought every bit of fire-fighting appa- 
ratus below Fourteenth street to the scene. The alarm 
costs the city $500. and a short time ago a battalion chief 
was dismissed from the department for turning in a fourth 
alarm needlessly. But by the time the engines, trucks, and 
water towers had answered Kruger's alarm, t'here w'as 
plenty of work to do. 

Kruger. with seventeen men, took a pipe through to 
the rear of the building and into the cellar. A stifling 
smoke arose from the fire to which was added the fumes 
of chemicals. Six of the seventeen were overcome by the 
odors, but were soon revived on being taken into the air. 
Tons upon tons of water were poured into the building 
from every available point, and when the fire 'had eaten 
its way out of its concealed source of origin in the cellar 
and "licked up" some of the wood work and fixtures on the 
first floor, it began to show the effects of the water and 
was soon drowned out. 

After the first alarm had been given many of the office 
force carried armfuls of books and letter files to the 
street in safety. During the fire a fireman was knocked 
from a ladder and sustained severe injuries. It was 
thought he was dying and the Fire Chaplain administered 
the last rites of the church to him. 

The loss is estimated at about $200,000. Lehn and 
Fink figure damages of $150,000 on stock and fixtures. 
which are protected by insurance, and it is said the loss 
on the building will reach *50,0<H>. 

The business of the firm was not interrupted to any 
Serious degree by the fire, as they had large quantities of 
slock stored in numerous warehouses in the city and in a 
building at 77 'Beekman street. The firm has recently com- 
pleted a new building at 120 William street, whi