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THE 



PHI GAMMA DELTA 



QUARTERLY. 



VOLUME XIV. 



Baltimore, Md., 



1892. 



AtTO*, LaVCT AND 



* 1924 l *f DEX T0 VOLUME XIV. 

A bygone kevene, £. Z. Mattern 173 

A Practical Experiment in Chapter House Building, C H. Hile 103 

Chapter Correspondence 36, 133, 206, 297 

CharlesJW. Dabney, Ph. D., LL. D., Sketch of 171 

Chicago Phi Gamma Deltas 112 

Charles M. Kurtz, Sketch of 265 

College Fraternities at the World's Columbian Exposition 259 

Deltas 70, 237 

Delta Gossip 65, 161, 229, 292 

Editorial 30, 128, 197, 287 

Eighth Annual Convention of Indiana Chapters, F. A. Hamilton 195 

First Annual Convention of Section III., Dandridge Spottswood 188 

George Taylor Ettinger, Sketch of 19 

Hellenic Happenings 75, 163, 234 

Initiation Returns 80 

Ninth Annual Convention of Section IV., Bruce Kinney 190 

Notes and Comments 322 

Obituary 29 

Omega's Annual Dinner '. 118 

Phi Gamma Delta and Lifting, E. L. Mattern 100 

Pi Iota Chapter 21 

Phi Gamma Delta War Retrospects 22, 273 

Phi Gamma Delta in Literature 116, 271 

Phi Gamma Delta in Indiana, J. A. Wright 751 

Reviews 348 

Some Suggestions to New Initiates, B. A. Heydrick 268 

Some New Books 330 

Some Banquets f 26 

.. % Table Talker , 122, 275 

•; • ; •The Bo&lAn Banquet 119 

" ." % ' ThetGrafiii Chapter, F. C Howe 182 

• •'/ 'ffik Founding of Lambda Sigma, IV. P. Hump/treys 24 

" V TKe-IFqrty-third Annual Convention, F. C* Howe 5 

■; • . •Th"e*;Legislative Side of the Convention, F. C Howe 11 

- 'Thte'Patft and Present of Delta Xi, Frederick A, Juillard. 87 

The Founding of Nu Epsilon, A. P. Voislawsky 109 

The Ethics of Competition, N. D. Baker 247 

The Ritual and Initiation, 17. H. Smith 257 



• • 



• \ 









._ » 



* »"* 



K i 



* r T\. " • 



'.•'■' ** V\> 







Vol. XIV. January, 1892. No. 






1. 



THE 



PHI GAMMA DELTA 
QUARTERLY. 



Published for the Fraternity 

by 

Frederic C. Howe, Allegheny, '89. 

Rates : One Dollar and Fifty Cents per Volume. Single Copies, Forty Cents. 
Address all communications to the Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly, 

921 Madison Avenue, Baltimore, Md. 



FRATERNITY DIRECTORY. 



THE CONVENTION. 

The Forty-Fourth Annual Convention of the Fraternity of Phi 
Gamma Delta, will be held at Philadelphia, Pa., October 26, 27 
and 28, 1892, under the auspices of Beta Chapter. 

GRAND CHAPTER. 
Address of the Grand Chapter, P. O. Box 112, New York City. 
II. Edward F. Cole, 82 Fulton St., New York City, Concerning 
work of Section Chiefs, Catalogue and Extension. 

E. Frank Keck, 120 Broadway, New York City, Concerning 
Financial Matters. 

r. A. James N. Ballantine, 188 West End Ave., New York City, 
Concerning General Correspondence and Chapter Reports. 

r. Louis P. Bach, 237 East 23d St., New York City, Infor- 
mation as to Action Taken. 

7. Dr. Hermann A. Ehrman, 696 Madison Ave., New York 
City, Concerning Certificates of Initiation. 

C. E. G. H. Gilman, Librarian, 1527 Broadway, New York 
City, Concerning Fraternity Archives. 

N. B. — Communications otherwise directed may be regarded as personal, and 
will not be re-directed. 



146846 



Section I. — Chief Harry W. McCaulky, P.O. Box 112 New York. 
Name, Institution and Address. V. A. 

I. M . . Mass. Institute of Tech., Boston, Mass Prescott A. Hopkins 

II. I. .Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass Wm. Nelson 

K. A.'. Yale University, New Haven, Conn H. G. Webster 

T. .College City New York., New York City. . .E. C. Holden, 17 W. 132c! St. 

0. .Columbia College., New York City G. A. Schroter, 29 Vanderbilt Ave 

6.  . . Colgate University, Hamilton, N. Y C. M. Stebbins 

K. N. .Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y H. R. Harrington, *. T. A. House 

Section II. — Chief, Walter C. Stier, Easton, Pa. 

A . . Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, Pa J. Mont Travis 

B. .University of Penn., Phila., Pa AdamC. Thompson, 3216 Sansome St. 

A. . Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pa Arthur Gardner 

E. . Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, Pa C. E. Filbert 

II . .Allegheny College, Meadville, Pa Will J. Merchant, ♦. T. A. Place 

S. A. . Muhlenberg College, A lien town, Pa., Box 152 George S. Butz 

Z. A . . Lafayette College, Easton, Pa E. C. Bloomberg 

B. X. . Lehigh University, Bethlemen, Pa R. C. Mollmann 

r. ♦. .Pennsylvania State College, State College, Pa George S. Butz, 

♦. r. A. House. 

Section III. — Chief John E. Etchison, 103 N. Carey St., Baltimore, Md. 

B. M. .Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md J. Ogle Warfield 

B. .University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C Victor E. Whitelock 

0. . University of Virginia, Univ. of Va., Va W. E. Farrar 

B. A. . Roanoke College, Salem, Va John L. Rendleman 

A. A. . Hampden-Sidney College, Prince Edw. Co., Va W. F. Spottswood 

Z. A. .Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Va., Box 90.. W. E. Darnall 
P. X. . Richmond College, Richmond, Va Gamett Ryland 

Section IV. — Chief Charles Bosler, Dayton, O. 

H. .Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio O. P. Blake 

2. . Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio C. E. Gardner 

A. A. .Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio Robt. Carhart 

A. A . . Denison University, Granville, Ohio E. J. Owen 

0. A. . Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Milton T. Weston 

P. A. . Wooster University, Wooster, Ohio Myron J. Jones 

A. ♦. .University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. . E. H. Cheney, 4>. I\ A. House 

Section V. — Chief W. F. Christian, Crawfordsville, Ind. 

Z. .Indiana State University, Bloomington, Ind H. W. Nuckols 

A . . De Pauw University, Greencastle, Ind Jos. A. Wright 

T. . Hanover College, Hanover, Ind E. A. Culler 

 . . Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Ind J. A. McKee 

A. A. .Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, 111 L. W. Lackland 

r. A . . Knox College, Galesburg, Ills W. L. Evans 

Section VI. — Chief N. M. Barnes, Minneapolis, Minn. 

M. 2. .University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn E. A. Silberstein 

Section VII. — Chief Prof. John P. Fruit, Russellville, Ky. 

K. . Bethel College, Russellville, Ky W. C. Pierce 

K. T. .University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn R. T. Lane 

Section VIII. — Chief R. S. Kimball, Ridgway, Kan. 

II. A . . University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan John S. Wever 

Z. ♦. . Wm. Jewell College, Liberty, Mo W. J. Williamson 

Section IX. — Chief John H. Schutte, 150 Valencia St., San Francisco, Cal. 

A. B. .University of California, Berkeley, Cal H. M. Wright, ♦. I\ A. House 

GRADUA TE CHAPTERS. 

Delta Chattanooga, Tenn., R. J. Kirkwood 

Epsilon Columbus, O., John F. McFadden 

Zeta 1214 Main St., Kansas City, Mo., Glen Miller 

Eta Cleveland, O., J. S. Myers 

Theta Williamsport, Pa., Geo. S. Lenhart 

Southern Alumni Association Baltimore, Md., Jas. A. Carr, Jr., 116 

E. Fayette St. 



THE 



Phi Gamma Delta 
quarterly. 



VOL. XIV. JANUARY. 1892. NO. 1. 



THE FORTY-THIRD ANNUAL CONVENTION. 



It is a favorite thesis of Phi Gamma Delta, that the cardinal 
principles of her being have remained unaltered from that memor- 
able evening in May, nearly five decades ago, when a small body 
of students in a western Pennsylvania college town assembled in a 
sequestered room for the purpose of joining themselves into a 
closer union for " social and intellectual culture." 

As we journeyed towards Pittsburg — the Mecca toward which 
every Delta's face was turned, in the closing days of October last — 
there were none but viewed the coming gathering as a most fitting 
memorial to the life-work of these men. 

From humble beginnings it sprang, but its growth has been con- 
stantly onward, outward, upward. Unknown fifty years ago, to- 
day scarce a village or hamlet but counts among its denizens some 
wearer of the diamond and the royal purple. 

The same ideal — the magnet about whose poles our founders 
gathered — was the moving force which animated the laughing, 
talking, jesting crowd of humanity, which greeted a belated arri- 
val, in the spacious corridors and parlors of the Monongahela 
House, the eve of the 28th of October. 

They all seemed to be here. There was Bissell from the 
" Hub," and Riggs from the far West ; Ormond, with an air of 
legal business, from the North, and Etchison and Sawyer from the 
Sunny South. While the extremes thus met in cordial good-fel- 



6 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

lowship, the central states poured in their contingencies of two, 
three and four delegates. 

Alpha and Pi came down en masse. Lambda Deuteron and Rho 
Deuteron formed a close second. Keck, Brightman, McCauley 
and Hotchkiss, with a large contingent from Yale, Columbia, C. C. 
N. Y., and University of Pennsylvania came in like lichtstrahlen 
on a " special/ ' and brought with them an air of hilarity and 
cordial good humor which was contagious. 

The first evening was strictly social. Old associations were 
revived ; new ones formed. Stier presided at the piano in his 
own inimitable way, and Orpheus reigned supreme. 

The Convention was formally welcomed in behalf of the enter- 
taining Chapters to Pittsburgh, by Rev. S. S. Gilson, of Alpha, in 
a few well-chosen words, and Brother L. P. Bach, of New York, 
responded in behalf of the Fraternity. 

A committee of permanent organization was appointed, and the 
Convention was soon under full sail. 

The first regular assembly was held on the morning of the 29th, 
when the following officers were chosen by the Convention : 

Pi, Dr. E. B. Heckel, //., '87. 
Epi, W. F. Chamberlain, A. J., '92. 
Gamma, S. S. Hotchkiss, N. J., '91. 

Assistant Gammas, George S. Ray, //., '92; A. C. Ormond, P. 
A., '93; T. Wray Grayson, A., '92. 
Chaplain, C. G. Hazlett, A., '90. 
Guardian of the Door, C. W. Bigler, A. J., '92. 

The committee on credentials reported a long array of properly 
qualified delegates, and each incoming train contributed to swell 
the number. The Thursday morning session was occupied with 
purely routine business, consisting of reports of officers and sec- 
tion chiefs ; while on the afternoon cf the same day the first 
" outing M of the Convention was taken, a steamboat ride up the 
Monongahela having been arranged for by Brother Hartje, of 
Alpha, to Steelton. 

At Steelton the party was courteously escorted through the 
mammoth steel works of Carneigie, Phipps & Co., and returned 
via Braddocks by train, where the conductor and passengers stood 
aghast at the kundred odd, laughing, shouting college men who 
poured into the already filled cars. 



*■ 



THE FORTY-THIRD ANNUAL CONVENTION. 7 

In the evening of the same day a second " outing " was arranged 
for in the shape of a theatre party to witness " The County Fair," 
and although assailed by some well pointed "roasts" by the 
actors, the affair passed off very pleasantly. 

An evening session was held after the return from the Theatre, 
and considerable more routine business was disposed of, leaving 
an open field for work on the succeeding day. 

Some very important measures demanded the attention of the 
Convention, and a number of amendments to the Constitution 
were passed which will doubtless reflect upon the future course of 
the Fraternity. 

During the day many old members dropped in and entertained 
the Convention with reminiscences of interest. President Moffatt, 
of Washington Jefferson, was there, and Dr. Marquis was constant 
in his attendance upon the sessions of the Fraternity. 

If conventions are at all representative in character we may 
have reason to feel proud of our membership, for from first to last 
there were none present whom one could hesitate to call by the 
name of brother. The sessions were all characterized by a strict 
attention to business. Differences there were, of course, but the 
gavel, as wielded by Chairman Heckel, checked any disposition to 
stray from the question before the body, and urged on the lagging. 

Wise conservatism was enjoined in the matter of extension and 
the Grand Chapter was sustained in its refusal to grant charters to 
the several institutions applying for admission to the Fraternity. 
The advance sheets of a considerable portion of the Catalogue 
were displayed as evidence of its progress towards speedy comple- 
tion, and Brother Stier was the recipient of the thanks of the Con- 
vention for his sacrificing labors on the Song Book. 

The reports of all officers and section chiefs showed a grati- 
fynig state of affairs. The past year had witnessed the entrance of 
the fraternity into Johns Hopkins, and the revival, under the most 
auspicious circumstances of the inactive chapters at the Universities 
of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington and Lee. At the same 
time, chapters, erstwhile in decadence, were reported as on the 
mend, and but one chapter was deemed in anything approaching a 
weak condition. All along the line the report was "progress." 
A closer, more intense feeling of solidarity seemed to animate all 



8 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

chapters. Houses were announced at Colgate, Pennsylvania and 
Minnesota Universities, while at Gettysburg a beautiful new lodge 
had just been completed. The committee on time and place of 
next Convention recommended Philadelphia, and the convention 
gladly availed itself of the cordial invitation of the chapter at the 
City of Brotherly Love, and will meet in that city Oct. 26th, 27th 
and 28th, 1892. 

But it was not all business, for with all the aggressive hustle and 
bustle, there was a surcharge of bonhommu, of genial good fellow- 
ship, and the charming impromptus of Brother McCauley, of "The 
Scotchman," &c, kept the corridors ringing at all hours of the 
day and night. The genial hotel clerk, after one ineffectual 
attempt to stop the flow of spirits, gave the convention carte 
blanche, and the boys owned the place. They did not deport a great 
share of their possessions, however, although a careful inventory 
might have disclosed more than one souvenir which now reposes in 
some New York or other drawing room as a trophy of the 
•'Smoky City.' ' 

But in our discussion of the work of the convention we had almost 
forgotten the banquet which must ever be the grand finale to a 
fraternity convention. 

The banquet tables were spread in the immense hall of the hotel, 
and one hundred and twenty-five covers were laid. Brother S. S. 
Gilson served as Magister Epularum, but being called away early 
in the evening, Dr. £. B. Heckel assumed the mantle, and called 
upon the following toasts : 

The Grand Chapter Louis P. Bach, T. '85 

" Id full blown dignity he stands, 

Law in his voice and fortune in his hand." 

Our Beginning J as. S. Marquis, D. D., B. '49 

•« Do I hold the Past 

Thus firm and fast, 

Yet doubt if the Future hold I can." 

The Greek World Frederic C. Howe, 77. '89 

" The Greek a King should be with Royal Mien, 
But one whose generous heart responds Ich dien !" 

The American College Rev. Sam'l B. McCormick, A. 

"When forsooth the college rolls receive his name 
The young enthusiast quits his ease for fame." 



THE FORTY-THIRD ANNUAL CONVENTION. 9 

t.r. A Hon. John F. Dravo, 77. '6o 

" In royal robes she stands adorned 
A queen of perfect grace." 

Our Girls CM. Leslie, T. '92 

"Sir, she is mortal, 

But by immortal Prudence she is mine." 

The Absent Dr D. T. Davis, A. '66 

44 Thus as I sat and watched the troubled sky 
These forms from memory's shore were drifting by." 

Our Soldier Boys Col. John Ewing, A. *6x 

But the regular toasts were but the beginning, and impromptu 
remarks were called for from Bros. Keck, Sopris, Hotchkiss, 
Senator J. W. Lee and others, while all was leavened by a gen- 
erous amount of college and fraternity songs. 

Letters and telegrams of regret were read faom General Lew 
Wallace, Hon. James H. Hopkins, Dr. G. N. Dickson and others. 

Not the least aesthetic things of the Banquet were the menu 
cards, designed by Mr. Dreka, of Philadelphia, which elected 
considerable comment and admiration from all those present. 

But even the banquet came to an end ; at last the apparently 
inexhaustible fund of songs, speeches and " roasts" ceased to flow 
and the corks to pop, and then " Auld Lang Syne," the fraternity 
Doxology, was sung about the tables drooping from the despoiling 
hands of the modern Ionians, and the forty-third convention was 
at an end. 

To Brothers J. Mont Travis, of Alpha, and Geo. H. Ray, of Pi, 
much credit for the success of the convention is due. In their un- 
tiring efforts they were warmly seconded by Bros. R. C. Crowthers, 
of the Post, E. G. Hartje, W. N. Mix and Joe Myers, of the 
Dispatch, and Geo. H. Welshons, of the TUtnes. 

those who were there. 

The following is as complete a registration as it was possible to 
secure of those who were present : 

James Sawyer, '94. W. F. Christian, Jr., '92. 

M. C. Acheson, '65. V. F. Gable, '92. 

H. B. Gutches, '93. C. W. Bigler, '92. 

K. T. Meade, '84. W. L. Smith, '91. 

C. G. Shaffer, W. M. Wylie, '92. 

E. B. Hcckel, '87. J. H. Foresman '93. 



to 



PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 



B. A. Heydrick, 93. 
H. P. Johnson, '92. 
W. W. DesAutels, '92. 
W. R. Sopris, '92. 
Stuart Patterson, '85. 
W. R. Murphy, '94. 
C E. Gardner, '92. 
R. W. Bissell, '92. 

M. W. Bohn, '84. 

A. P. Voislawsky, '94. 
H. W. McCauley, '88. 
F. C. Howe, , 89. 

J. M. Travis, '92. 

H. I. Brightman, '92. 

H. E. Riggs, '86. 

J. M. Ormond, '87. 

J. B. Wood, '89. 

Clarence Rehn, '92. 

H. R. Koen, '95. 

S. W. Eagleson, '91. 

J. E. R. Cunningham, '92. 

R. F. Fox, '92. 

H. A. Bell, '94. 

Hon. John F. Dravo, '6o. 

S. S. Hotchkiss, '91. 

T. C. Moore, '95. 

P. S. Jennings, '62. 

L. V. Grove, '88. 

M. W. Acheson, '94. 

J. M. Evans, '78. 

C. Fuller, '88. 

B. A. Emery, '77. 
J. C. Pershing, '50. 

S. B. McCormick, '89. 

E. G. Hartje, '82. 
S. S. Gilson, '66. 
Herbert Hunt, '91. 
H. S. Mitchell, '89. 
W. J. Lewis, '70. 
A. G. I^eonard, '90. 
M. N. Mix, '86. 
Jesse Jones, '90. 

F. W. Withoft, '94. 
R. C. Crowihers, '90. 
J. L. Danforth, '93. 



G. M. Downing, '88. 
**'. H. Davis, '91. 
G. A. Schroter, '93. 
C G. Hazlett, '90. 
W. P. Hollister, '89. 
L. P. Bach '85. 
O. P. Blake, 92. 
W. B. Price, '92. 
W. F. Chamberlin, '93. 
Geo. S. Ray, '92. 
Frank Keck, '72. 
C. C. Huestis, '92. 
P. D. Gardner, '92. 
J. E. Etchison, Jr., '92. 
T. C. Dunlap, '95. 
W. Cullen Bryant, '94. 
W. K. T. Sahm, 72. 
J. W. Kephart, '95. 
W. C. Stier, '84. 
J. L. Lowes, '88. 
J. W. Hoffman, '92. 
J. L- Nesbit, '95. 
J. A. Ballantyre, '82. 
G. H. Welshons, 78. 
T. C. Moore, '95. 
P. L. Logan, '94. 
J. S. Marquis, '48. 
J. Kinnear, '82. 
J. L. Deahl, '93. 
M. L. Phipps, '88. 
J. C. Graham, '94. 
Geo. I. Whitney, '64. 
T. D. Davis, '66. 
Archibald McBride, '54. 
F. T. Oakley, '86. 
CM. Leslie, '92. 
C. D. Gamble, '66. 

F. W. Bell, '88. 
P. R. Nutt, '91. 

M. C. Cameron, '81. 
Hon. John Ewing, '51. 
Hon. J. W. Lee, '67. 

G. C. Butz, '83. 
J. W. Miles, '74. 
J. M. Small, '93. 



THE LEGISLATIVE SIDE OF THE CONVENTION. u 

H. A. Grubbs, '90. W. F. Abel, '93. 

T. W. Grayson, '92. C. N. Chrisman, '94. 

E. C. Walden, '92. W. J. Merchant, '93. 

A. C. Ormond, '93. F. L. Todd, '85. 



THE LEGISLATIVE SIDE OF THE CONVENTION. 



Measured by the amount of business presented and transacted 
by the Pittsburg convention, it stands pre-eminent, and the future 
of the fraternity will to a large extent be guided and moulded 
by its impress. It was a fact frequently remarked that a large 
portion of the delegates came with well formulated ideas upon 
those questions likely to command the attention of the convention, 
and hence the results attained were much more nearly representa- 
tive of the collective ideas of the fraternity than is usually the case. 

To present and accentuate a few of the leading measures to that 
large portion of our membership who are not the recipients of the 
Official Report, has always been the custom of the Quarterly, and 

is the chief reason for this brief resume. 

* * * 

Not the least notable, of the many beneficent measures which 
the convention has left to the fraternity as a legacy, was the one 
providing for a so-called " Founders' Day," for general observance 
both by active chapters and graduate associations. The act was 
formulated not only with a view to a proper commemoration of the 
labors of our honored founders, but also as affording a definite 
date for an annual fraternity celebration, "in such manner as each 
chapter may determine upon," when each may feel that brothers 
all over the land are meeting together in the name of Phi Gamma 
Delta. May 1, the natal day of our fraternity, which was felt by 
all to be the most appropriate date, falling this year on Sunday, it 
may be wise to substitute the preceding Saturday as the first 
Founders' Day. It is to be hoped the idea will be widely acted 
upon and especially by our graduate associations. Where perma- 
nent organizations do not exist, it might be made the date of an an- 
nual informal dinner, as is done in certain of our large cities, 
where it has been the habit of a few alumni to gather together 
once every two months and enjoy an informal six o'clock dinner. 



I PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The institution is a standing one, and the only arrangements con- 
sist in a printed postal as a reminder of the affair. No cut and 
dried program checks the natural flow of spirits, but all is sponta- 
neous. A similar idea is contained in the monthly "Smokers" of 
the Baltimore chapter, which give promise of being very popular. 
If the number of Deltas in a city does not permit of a chapter the 

above experiment will partly fill the void. 

* * * 

Another enactment, which will doubtless prove productive of 
much good, was that providing for the issuance by each chapter on 
the first day of May of a circular letter containing such confidential 
matter as it may desire to transmit to its alumni or its sister chap- 
ters. This circular may be made as extensive as desired, but should 
at least contain the Historian's Report for the year; the condition 
of the college and relative standing of other fraternities and per- 
sonals of as many alumni as possible. In addition it may be made 
a medium for the transmittal of such suggestions and ideas 
as cannot be inserted in the Quarterly. We promise that this 
institution will be popular with the alumni, and it is to be hoped 

it will be carefully maintained for their sake, if for no other. 

* * * 

The suggestion of our California chapter, made in the June issue 
of the Quarterly, in regard to a Fraternity House at the World's 
Fair, came in for a fair share of consideration and was finally 
adopted, giving to the Grand Chapter discretionary power as to 
what the character of the headquarters should be. A committee 
of resident members of the fraternity is to be appointed, and while 
it seems improbable that a house can be supported, a central ren- 
desvous should be secured, where members of 'the fraternity 
from the North, South, East and West can repair with the ex- 
pectation of meeting friends and brothers. 

The success of the plan depends, however, solely upon the com- 
mittee appointed, and doubtless the Grand Chapter will welcome 
any suggestions as to the composition of the same, or the nature of 
the undertaking. 

^^ ^^ ^^ 

There is a growing sentiment among our chapters, that in order to 
preserve that compact feeling of solidarity, which must ever be the 



THE LEGISLATIVE SIDE OF THE CONVENTION. 13 

* 
prime characteristic of the true fraternity, extension must be checked. 

There is a point when even growth may indicate weakness, and 
while we do not mean to contend that <P. r. J. has attained that 
limit, we feel that in future charters should be granted very guard- 
edly. That great difference of opinion should exist in a fraternity 
so large as our own, upon the topic of extension is not to be won- 
dered at. There has ever been an active minority who believed in an 
aggressive campaign. Who insist that so long as the quality of the 
constituancy be maintained, it matters little if the institution from 
which it is drawn be large or small. 

Such counsels have never dominated in the government of the 
fraternity, and at present, opinion seems to tend in the opposite 
direction, and there are many who maintain that our gates should be 
hermetically sealed to further growth. That extension has become 
impossible into old institutions, and that the new ones have not yet 
attained a standard sufficiently high to command our consideration. 

While acknowledging the great debt which the fraternity owes to 
the small institutions, from which we have derived the bone and 
sinew of our organization, it is undeniably true that further advance 
is fraught with danger, both from within and without, and new 
charters should be placed with extreme caution. 

With perfect confidence in the discretion and wisdom of our 
governing body, it is felt by the Quarterly that the interests of 
the fraternity demand a limitation of its present power of granting 
charters. The growing number of men who yearly transfer themselves 
from one chapter to another, renders this a matter of the deepest im- 
portance to each chapter. 

It is imperative, therefore, if homogenity is to be maintained, 
that the same care be exercised in the granting of charters as in 
the selection of the individual members of each chapter, and if in 
this case the same rule of unanimous selection does not apply, one 
closely approximating to it should. 

Such a decentralization of power will do much to promote greater 
unity and sympathy. Our system is in many respects utterly devoid of 
democratic principles and is altogether too autocratic. The idea 
of self government should be instilled in our chapters, and we be- 
lieve that to accomplish this the powers of the governing body 
should be abridged. Although an amendment to that effect was 



14 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

tabled at the convention, there were many who felt that the question 

should have received greater consideration. 

* * * 

The recommendations in regard to the Quarterly are em- 
bodied in the Report, and represent a few of the convic- 
tions of the Editor, which are the result of three years of con- 
tinued connection with the publication of the fraternity. Here- 
after dues unpaid to the Quarterly by the close of the year shall 
be considered as obligations to the fraternity, and will be collect- 
able by the proper official of the Grand Chapter. Such a provision 
was deemed necessary from the growing inclination of the chapters 
to postpone payment of dues till the last moment, thus em harass- 
ing the Quarterly in meeting its bills. The Section Chiefs were 
also granted certain discretionary powers as censors over the chap- 
ters in their section, and this with the growing feeling that the 
Chief should visit each Chapter in his jurisdiction will do much to 
increase the dignity of the position, while the onerousness of the 
duties imposed will effectually disincline any to accept the position 
for the mere honor incident to the holding of the same 

The Corresponding Editor was further advised to read each com- 
munication to the Chapter before sending in for publication, a 
provision we cannot too warmly urge upon each Chapter to enforce 
At the same time the Historian was advised to greater regularity 
in his contributions of Personals. 

While not recommended by the Convention, it has been thought 
advisable by some to grant a discount of twenty per-cent. on all 
new Alumni subscriptions obtained for the Quarterly, payable to 
the individual securing them. This will in part compensate him 
for the postage and trouble of soliciting the same, and may pos- 
sibly be a slight incentive to greater efforts in this direction. 

^F ^F t* 

In the choice of section chiefs, the convention was especially 
felicitous. • Men have been chosen who, without exception, have 
been closely identified with the recent work of the fraternity; 
men whose labors have given them a claim to the regard of the chap- 
ters not only of their own section, but of the fraternity as a whole, 
whose very appointment is sufficient guarantee that the interests of 
the fraternity will be well cared for. 



THE LEGISLATIVE SIDE OF THE CONVENTION. 15 

In the East, the efficient services of Bro. H. W. McCauley, 
Yale, '88, were recognized by his return with the cordial recom- 
mendation of his entire section. To introduce him to the frater- 
nity is unnecessary. Past conventions would have felt a void with- 
out his presence, and the present healthy glow of the eastern wing 
is in no small degree attributable to his efforts. 

While joining with the Pennsylvania chapters in their regret at 
the loss of Brother Meade D. Detweiler from the post which he 
has so long and proficiently filled, we have the comforting assur- 
ance that the chief-elect, Walter C. Stier, Lafayette, '84, is the 
right man in the right place. No man has ever done more for his 
own chapter than has Brother Stier; none are more faithful and 
regular in attendance at fraternity meetings or banquets, and none 
have done more sacrificing work than Brother Stier on the song 
book. We can assure the brilliant coterie of Keystone chapters 
that their interests are happily entrusted. 

In the southern section Brother John E. Etchison, Richmond, 
'91, now of Baltimore, succeeds to the mantle of Brother Scherer. 
None can speak with better knowledge of the new chief than the 
editor of the Quarterly, and it is with genuine pleasure that we 
introduce him, to whose energy is largely due the present position 
of Rho Chi, and who is* now actively engaged in preparing for a 
state convention of the Virginia chapters. 

Brother Charles D. Bosler, Denison, '89, the winner of the Ohio 
state oratorical contest, is a worthy representative of the thriving 
chapter from whence he came. To both he and Brother W. F. 
Christian, Wabash, '92, whose efficient work in looking after his 
^ection during the past year has given a new signification to the 
position of section chief and the duties of the same, the Quarterly 
adds its greetings and presages success of no indifferent order. 

The work of Brother Schutte, California, '89, stands as suffi- 
cient testimonial of his services to the fraternity. Working under 
great disadvantages he revived the chapter at the University of 
California and placed it upon its present proud eminence, and since 
that time has devoted himself to looking after the interests of the 
alumni of the Pacific coast ; and within the past few months has 
added another trophy to his long list by organizing a band of peti- 
tioners at the Leland Stanford University. 



16 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The remaining appointments, Prof. Jno. P. Fruit, of Section VII; 
N. M. Barnes, Section VI, and R. S. Kimball, Section VIII, are a 
simple recognition of the past services of these brothers, to all of 
whom the Quarterly extends the best wishes of the fraternity. 

^^ *r ^^ 

While much was accomplished, there still remain a number of 
questions upon which the Convention did not feel ready to take 
permanent action. 

How to increase the attendance of outlying Chapters at Con- 
vention, is a problem which as yet we have not fully solved; how 
to best encourage the building of Chapter Houses ; how to extend, 
and where, as well as the perfection of our Ritual and Fraternity 
paraphrenalia. 

The discussion of all these topics we commend to the Chapters 
in their regular meetings, and where not infringing on secret topics, 
we would request a discussion of the same in the pages of the 
Quarterly, so that definite, intelligent action may be taken by 
the next Convention. 



HI HSW TOKi. 

FJBilC UBRAR 1 



A*von LWNOJ 



GEORGE TAYLOR ETTINGER, A. M., PH. D. 19 

GEORGE TAYLOR ETTINGER, A. M., PH. D., 

PRINCIPAL ACADEMIC DEPARTMENT, MUHLENBERG COLLEGE, AND 
PRESIDENT BOARD OP EDUCATION, ALLENTOWN, PA. 

George Taylor Ettinger was born at Allentown, Pa., on Novem- 
ber 8th, i860. In 1873 the subject of this sketch entered the 
academic department of Muhlenberg College, Allentown, and, in 
1876, the Freshman class of the same institution. He received 
the Junior Oratorial Prize in 1879, anc * the following year was 
graduated with the highest honors of his class, his valedictory, 
" The Individual in Society,'* being one of the best ever delivered 
at Muhlenberg. Immediately after his graduation he became 
tutor in the academic department of his Alma Mater, and from 
1884 has been Principal of the same. In 1883 he obtained the 
degree of A. M. from Muhlenberg. In 1885 he was elected direc- 
tor of the public schools of Allentown for the Third Section. In 
1886 he became a member of the Board of Controllers, and in 1890 
he was chosen President of the Board — being the youngest man 
that ever presided over *hat body. In 1891 he was re-elected 
President of the Board of which body his friend and brother, Rev. 
M. H. Richards, D. D., of Xi Chapter, is Secretary. In 1888 the 
subject of our sketch enrolled in the Post-graduate Division 
of the University of the City of New York, as a non-resident 
student and successfully completed three courses in Pedago y 
under Dr. Jerome Allen and Dr. Edgar D. Shimer, another mem- 
ber of Epsilon Deuteron ; and one course in German under Dr. A. 
S. Isaacs. For this work the University of the City of New York, 
in 1 89 1, conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. 
In noticing this fact the Allentown Daily City Item of June 12th, 
1891, says : " At the 59th annual commencement of the Univer- 
sity of the City of New York, held in the Metropolitan Opera 
House last evening, the degree of Doctor of Philosophy was con- 
ferred upon Principal George T. Ettinger, of Muhlenberg College, 
this city. For the past three years Dr. Ettinger has followed post- 
graduate courses in Pedagogy and German, which yesterday culmi- 
nated in the Doctorate. The subject of his thesis in Pedagogy was 
" Examinations in Education," while his German thesis was an 
pxtensive history and criticism of Lessing's famous " Nathan der 



20 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Weise." The degree, which is no longer given honoris causa by the 
best institutions, stands for work actually accomplished, and, 
coming from an old institution like the University of the City of 
New York, confers a double honor. As far as we know there is 
but one other scholar in this city having the same degree — Dr. 
William Reily, of the Allentown Female College. We congratu- 
late Muhlenberg College and Dr. Ettinger on the honor conferred 
upon so young a representative of our home institution." 

In 1889 he was elected a Fellow of the Society of Science, Let- 
ters of Art of London, and since its organization has been a mem- 
ber of the Schoolmasters' Association of Philadelphia. 

Up to this time he has been too busy in teaching to devote any 
time to writing for publication. At the request of the teachers, his 
opening address on " Pedagogy, the Fourth Profession," delivered 
at the Teachers' Institute of his native county, was published for 
distribution, and was called a "masterly production " by one of 
the local papers. His paper on •' The Relations and Duties of 
Colleges to Their Preparatory Schools," read before the College 
Association of the Middle States and Maryland, at Cornell Univer- 
sity, received favorable notice from men like President Gilman, of 
Johns Hopkins, and will shortly appear in the new monthly, 
"School and College," published by Messrs. Ginn & o., of 
Boston. 

The following from the Allentown Chronicle and News of June 
25th, 1 89 1, shows what is thought of him in the community in 
which he was born and raised : " The June number of The Ameri- 
can School Board Jotirnal contains pictures and sketches of lead- 
ing American school officials, and among the subjects is Prof. 
George T. Ettinger, Ph. D., of Allentown. The picture is a good 
likeness of the President of our Board of Control, and the 
sketch modestly tells of some of the events in the life of 
our young townsman, who justly holds a high rank among 
the educators of the day, and reflects credit upon the city and her 
educational institutions. The sketch says he was born in the 
very centre of the Pennsylvania German District,' and it might 
with truth have added that he is in every respect a worthy repre- 
sentative of that element. He adorns every position he fills, and 
has not yet reached the last round of his career." 



PI IOTA CHAPTER. ai 



PI IOTA CHAPTER. 



WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE. 

With the assistance of representatives from the Grand Chapter, 
Alpha, Alpha Deuteron, Kappa Nu, Upsilon, Omega and Sigma 
Deuteron, and under the auspices of the Iota Mu chapter, Brother 
Archibald McCullaugh, Jr., of Beta chapter, as legate regularly 
appointed by the Grand chapter for that purpose, ushered into ex- 
istence the Pi Iota chapter, at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 
at Worcester, Mass., on the evening of November 28, 1891. The 
" baby " thrives and promises great things. No pains were spared 
by the brothers of our Boston Chapter, remaining in the city over 
the Thanksgiving holidays, to give the birth of the baby a hearty 
reception and to accompany its christening with proper ceremony. 
After the initiation ceremony and installation of the officers of the 
new chapter, the brothers partook of a dinner, the like of which 
the writer has seldom seen equaled, All the delicacies of the sea- 
son were placed before us, and full justice done to the feast. The 
menus were tasty and appropriate, and the assignment of toasts ad- 
mirable. Brother A. S. Heywood acted as toastmaster, the legate 
sitting on his left and the representative from the Grand chapter 
on his right ; the Pi of the new chapter sitting on the right of the 
Grand chapter representative at the head of the table. 

The toasts responded to were as follows: 

The Fraternity Archibald McCullaugh, Jr., B. 

The Baby Fred R. Morse, //. /. 

Section II Walter C. Stier, I. J. 

Foot Ball William N. Stark, //. /. 

The Convention Frank Keck, G. C. 

The Grind Albert Goetzmann, /. M. 

W. P. I Albert E.Culley, //. /. 

The Goat Prescott A. Horkins, /. M. 

Sister Chapters Clarence L. Dobbin, K. N. 

M. I. T J. Ramsey Speer, /. M. 

Iota Mu Elmer E. Kraft, /. M. 



22 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The chapter adds another link to the chain of Deltaism that u 
being cast eastward. The institution, though a purely scientific 
one, includes among its graduates, instructors at Cornell Univer- 
sity, University at Sidney, Michigan University, University of 
Wisconsin, and other institutions of lesser importance. The estab- 
lishment of this chapter, at this time, enables it to secure the best 
material in the institution, Phi Gamma Delta being the first to 
enter. The change in the management of the institution gives 
every reason to anticipate a marked and large increase in the num- 
ber of students attending after the ist of January, 1892. The 
Grand chapter feels that in entering this institution the fraternity 
has secured material far superior to that which Phi Gamma Delta 
would be forced to take under existing circumstances at other 
eastern colleges, were she to extend further in this direction. The 
assurances received from our Boston chapter that the men secured 
are up to the required standard gives the greatest confidence in the 
wisdom of our course in granting this application. 

The men are all prominent, either in athletics or intellectually, 
and their qualifications are all that could be wished for. The 
officers are : //., Albert E. Culley ; E. 9 Hugh Southgate; /., 
Fred. A. Morse; Z\ A., Wm. Nelson; /., Wm. N. Starks, and 
C. E. R. C. Cleveland. Your hearty welcome is asked for this 
new eastern star of the fraternity, and your firm support in estab- 
lishing our idea of the strength of the fraternity bond in the newly 
ms.de brethren. 



PHI GAMMA DELTA WAR RETROSPECTS. 



Samuel Polk. B m , '62, concerning whom Brother Frank Rich- 
ards, of Xi '64, wrote to the Beta chapter, shortly after the battle 
of Gettysburg, as follows : " We met, upon our return to college 
(Pennsylvania College), at the opening of the session, one of the 
members of our fraternity in the hospital here. He was a rebel 
and from your chapter. His name is Polk. We treated him as 
kindly as it was possible. We went to see him frequently ; he is a 
very strong " Johnny Reb. M 

Captain Simpson Harris, J, '65. In answer to a communication 
addressed to his brother, A. J. Harris, of Nashville, concerning 



PHI GAMMA DELTA WAR RETROSPECTS. 23 

him, the latter writes : " My brother was killed in the battle of 
Perry ville, and sleeps beneath the soil of Kentucky, along with a 
number of the noble Phi Gamma Delta boys, some of whom were 
his bosom friends and classmates. * * * He was a brilliant 
orator, as his college mates know, and I am informed that he made, 
by invitation from his commander, a noted and magnificent address 
to his brigade just before the battle of Columbus. 

Colonel Thomas S. Burnett, J., *6i, died on the 21st day of 
April, 1862, from a wound received at the battle of Shiloh, on the 
7th of April. His brother, W. L. Burnett, of Feliciana, in writing 
to the Catalogue committee, says: " I thank God he did not dis- 
grace his sword; he lead the gallant 7th Kentucky Regiment, C. S. 
A., and received the wound that resulted in his death at the afore- 
said battle." 

Colonel Eli Foster Ritter, A. 9 '63, enlisted as a private in 
the 16th regiment, Indiana Infantry, U. S. V. He took part in the 
battles of Port Republic, Winchester, Stone River, Chickamauga, 
Atlanta, Nashville, Franklin, and all the general battles of the 
Army of the Cumberland. 

Hon. James E. Moore, E., '62, served as a lieutenant in the C. 
S. A., 3rd North Carolina Cavalry, from '62 to '65, and particu- 
larly with the North Carolina Cavalry Brigade in its operations 
from '64 to the close of the war 

James Asbury Crawford, //., '64, writes: "I left college the 
zoth day of May, 1861, at the close of my junior year, and on my 
arrival in * Dixie ' I immediately entered the ' rebel ' service so 
called, and pursued that dreadful avocation four long years." 

A. A. B. Caveness, (P., '73, says: "I served three years as a 
private in the 1st Kansas Battery, U. S. A., Prairie Grove, Ark. 
being the only important battle engaged in. I was in a number of 
skirmishes and minor engagements, however. 

Rev. Alexander Blackburn, T. 9 '68, enlisted in the 84th Reg- 
iment, Illinois Infantry, U. S. A., and served from June 14, '62, to 
June 9, '65. Engaged in the battles of Perry ville, Ky., Stone 
River, Tenn., Chicamauga, Tenn., the Atlanta campaign, Franklin 
and Nashville; severely wounded at Chickamauga, September 20, 
'63, in the right thigh and ankle; recovered sufficiently to serve 
out my enlistment, and was mustered out at the close of the war. 



24 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

THE FOUNDING OF LAMBDA SIGMA AND FIFTH ANNI- 
VERSARY BANQUET OF DELTA XI. 



It is a double task that has fallen upon the writer — double, 
though more than doubly pleasant — for he announces not only the 
fifth anniversary banquet of J. T., but also the birth of a new sister, 
destined, as one of her members said, " to be a great Fiji chief.' ' 
To us on the Pacific Coast the advent of A. 1\ means much more 
than our Eastern brothers may at first thought imagine; infinitely 
more than a similar event in the East. Removed as we have been 
from all our sister chapters, in the future both A. I. and ourselves 
will profit by mutual assistance, and will raise even higher that 
lofty standard which is the aim of Phi Gamma Delta. 

Shortly after the opening exercises at Palo Alto, acommitteewas 
sent from J. E. to gather together the nucleus of a future chapter 
of Phi Gamma Delta at the new University of Leland Stanford, Jr. 
After securing a cottage at Menlo Park, where the flow of elo- 
quence might pour unrestrained into the ears of the uninitiated 
listeners, we went through Stanford's grounds and luscious vine- 
yards to the quadrangle of brown sandstone which marks the site 
of America's newest university. Here the next two days passed in 
an extended series of meetings at our cottage, and red-hot rushing, 
and though great difficulty was experienced in restraining the more 
susceptible of the committee from the beguiling influence of the 
"co-eds./' aided by Section Chief J. H. Schutte, by Bro. I. I. 
Brown '88 and by Bro. C. L. Turner '92, we soon secured the re- 
quisite number of first-class men, and our mission was at an end. 

But, meanwhile, another committee had secured for our annual 
banquet the dining hall of the Hotel California, the finest in San 
Francisco, and the use of a large parlor adjoining, in which the in- 
stallation of A. 1\ was to be held. Tables were set such as loyal 
and enthusiastic Fijis have perhaps never seen west of the Miss- 
issippi, and fragrant flowers, donated by our various fraters, 
deluged every available space in the dining hall. 

At length the much anticipated eve arrived on which our efforts 
were to be crowned, and bowing our heads, with Bro. Schutte as 
Legate, Bro. C. S. Youug, #. J., administered the oath of allegi- 



THE FOUNDING OF LAMDA SIGMA. 25 

a nee to the new chapter and pinned the royal purple on the breast, 
of Bros. Wight '92, Hughes, Russell, King, Thomas, Thompsons 
Ewell and Chamberlain, all of the class of '95, who, with Bros. 
McCormack '94 and Rice and Marble '95, now constitute A. Z. 
The charge was given to the new initiates, words of friendly advice 
and kind counsel were spoken by several, and under the guidance 
of Bro. Turner, who officiated as toastmaster, we adjourned to the 
banquet and passed the remainder of the night in songs and frater- 
nal fellowship. The toasts were as follows: 

Delta Xi Greets Lambda Sigma J. H. Schutte, J. 5. '89 

Lambda Sigma J. K. Wight, A. 1\ '92 

Our fraternity C. S. Young, 0. J. '75 

Fraternity Outlook at Leland Stanford. . . .C. C. Hughes, A. 2'. '95 

A State Convention J. H. Rudicel, Z. '94 

A "FreshyV Opinion of Fraternity Before Initiation and After 

Geo. Gibbs, A. 2. '95 

Our Chapter Hall R. L. Hathorn, J. 2. '93 

The Alumni F. A. Jouilliard, J. 2. '91 

Pan-Hellenism W. P. Humphreys, J. 2. '92 

The Ladies (in their absence) B. F. Gorris, J. 2. '94 

The list of toasts was transcended, and nearly every one was 
given an opportunity of offering at the festive board some word of 
wit and wisdom; old battles were fought over again, and we heard 
of the hard struggles of the founders of J. 2. and what they had 
undergone for the love of the royal purple. At last it was time to 
go, and joining hands in " Auld Lang Syne/' we thought of J. .s.'s 
rise to the zenith of power, and viewing the glorious past, we still 
hoped for a more successful future. 

Among the alumni on the Pacific slope who contributed to our 
gathering were: Rev. M. M. Bovard, A. '72; Butler Smith, //. '70; 
Rev. M. C. Harris, A7. '68; Rev. I. M. Condit, //. '65; T. R. Dunn, 
// '75; C. S. Young, B. J. '75; H. W. Stratton, A. '58; W. L. Rid- 
path, A. '74; W. W. Brier, I\ »8x; Geo. F. Schorr, r. '82; H. L 
Weed, r. '82; W. D. Crabb, V. A. '76; J. M. Bryan, T. '87; t. i] 
Brown, J. 2. '88; A. Bachman, A. 2. '88; J. H. Schutte, A. 2. '89; 
E. C. Hill, T. D. Allin, W. L. Rodgers, E. L. Rich, E. N. Hender- 
son, of A. 2. '90; C. A. Allin, F, B. Sutherland, F. A. Jouilliard, P. 
B. Weaver, Jr., H. A. Fiske, T. H. White, J. 2. '91; C. L. Turner, 
J. B. Palmer, G. D. Blood, T. L. O'Brien, T. S. Molloy, L. A. 



26 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Engley, Phil Godely, W. P. Humphreys,, Jr., J. 3. '92; H. ReA- 
ers, A. C. Hixon, R. H. Hathorn, T. A. Marsh, J. 3. '93; H. M. 
Wright, W. R. Rountree, E. A. Selfridge, Jr., J. M. Gilmore, J. 
Spiers, Jr., H. M. Rhodes, B. F. Norris, J. 3. '94; Geo. Gibbs, W. 
R. Dorr, M. R. Gibbons, W. Spiers, S. Waterhouse, A. J. Hous- 
ton, '95. 

In such a manner has Delta Xi completed her first semi-decade 
and celebrated the wedding of Phi Gamma Delta to the golden 
fields of California, and with such a generous "god-speed " from 
the parent chapter and the alumni of the Pacific Coast does the new 
chapter enter propitiously upon its career. 

Will P. Humphreys, J. 3. '92. 



SOME BANQUETS, 



THE PHILADELPHIA DINNER. 

The second annual banquet of the University of Pennsylvania 
Chapter and of the Philadelphia alumni was held at the Colonnade 
Hotel, on the evening of December 22. The affair was coramem- 
oratory of the re-establishment of the chapter in 1890, and was a 
most successful affair. Thirty-nine members of the fraternity sat 
down to the tables, which were beautifully decorated and laden 
with all the delicacies of the season. The committee of arrange- 
ments was: W. B. Small, chairman; Alberger, Crow, Harris, and 
Miller of Beta chapter, and their efforts resulted in a good attend- 
ance of outsiders from New York, Lafayette, Muhlenberg, Wash- 
ington-Jefferson, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State, and of the 
local alumni. With cigars came the toasts, which were sprinkled 
with appropriate remarks by the master of ceremonies, Archibald 
McCullaugh. The toasts were as follows: 

Our Fraternity Rev. Dr. J. L. Scott, X. '70 

The Grand Chapter Frank Keck, Y. '72 

The Ladies W. R. Sopris, Q. '93 

Our Sister Chapters W. N. Hildebrand, r. (P. '93 

Beta Chapter C. H. Weber, B. '94 

The Section Chief Walter C. Stier, £. J. '84 

The Stage W. F. Miller, B. '93 

The Goat A. K. McCullaugh, B. '92 

The U. of P V. F. Gable, B. '93 



SOME BANQUETS. 27 

Impromptu remarks followed from Hartel A., Rev. Beysheard 
E. J., Bacon I. J., Boise A. 9 Kunkle 5., Small 5., Strauss B. 

upsilon's annual k. N. E. I. P. s. 

Hall of Upsilon. 
Proclamation: 

" His august majesty, Rex Kneips, commands the presence of all his subjects 
to an audience, which he graciously grants for Saturday evening, January a, 1892, 
in the Throne Room." 

Such is the opening paragraph of the ominous proclamation, 
bearing the seal of the institution, which drew together a large 
number of alumni and active members of the Fraternity in the par- 
lors of the New York Club House on the evening of the and of 
January, to the celebration of this time-honored institution of the 
C. C. N. Y. chapter. 

The custom is old with age, and bears upon its face many of the 
marks of its German origin, but it is preserved with all its tradi- 
tions as religiously as any old Roman feast or priestly ceremonial. 

Dr. Cornelius G. Coakley, of the New York University, was 
chosen Rex Kneips, by the institution of the lot, and the jester's 
cap fell upon the curly locks of Prof. Ritchie. With many a happy 
hit and joyous jocularity the distribution of gifts and favors pro- 
ceeded, and many were the surprising products by the improvised 
grab-bag developed. After the fund of " roasts " and favors had 
become exhausted, the company assembled again in the dining 
hall of the club, where a truly sumptuous repast, aided by many im- 
promptu speeches, helped the company to start the new year on its 
rounds with great good humor. 

Brother A. McCullaugh, of Beta; J. W. Harrington, of Rho Deu- 
teron; T. L. Chrystie, of Omega; Fred C. Howe, of Beta Mu; Za- 
briskie and Timmerman, of Upsilon; and Keck, Ritchie and others 
from the alumni present, spoke in brief, and the piano and ready 
college songs assisted to entertain the brothers about the festal 
board till the early hours of morning. 

THE BALTIMORE DINNER. 

The annnal dinner of the Johns Hopkins Chapter and the 
Southern Alumni Association will be held this year in the closing 
days of February. A committee consisting of Bros. J. £• Etcheson, 



»8 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

L. L. Jackson and Jno. Phelps have the matter in hand and a larger 
gathering of Southern Delias is expected than greeted the Balti- 
more chapter at its installation in February last. 

Quite a number of Washington brothers have signified their in- 
tention of uniting with the Alumni Association, and it is hoped the 
announcement when issued will be greeted with many favorable 
responses. 



FRATRES QUI FUERENT SED NUNC AD ASTRA. 29 



FRATRES QUI FUERENT SED NUNC AD ASTRA. 



Walton E. Hammond '89 
University of North Carolina. 



Reuben C. Frey '64, 
Allegheny. 



Thomas J. Gibony '92, 
Hanover College. 



John Thomas Griffith '88. 
Pennsylvania State College. 



James L. A. Burrell '74, 
Pennsylvania College. 



Edward W. Greaner '90. 
Richmond College. 



Frank Sharp '88, 
Ohio Wesleyan University. 



John F. Newman '69, 
College City of New York, 



30 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 



EDITORIAL 



Exchange editors will please send two copies of their publica- 
tions to 921 Madison Avenue, Baltimore, Md., and one to E. L. 

Mattern, Huntingdon, Pa. 

* * * 

Quite a number of chapters have kindly remembered us by 
placing the Quarterly on the mailing list of their college papers. 

We pray that this practice may become more universal. 

* * * 

The Quarterly is pleased to welcome to its table the Trident 
of Delta Delta Delta, published by the Alpha chapter of that fra- 
ternity located at Boston University, under the editorship of Miss 

Emily F. Allen. 

* * * 

Quite a number of changes in the Chapter Directory came in 
after the first form of the issue had gone to press. Any corrections 
in future to be made in the list of Gamma Alphas should be sent 

in at least ten days before chapter letters are due. 

* * * 

At the request of certain chapters of the Fraternity, Messrs. 
Roehm and Sons, of Detroit, Mich., whose advertisement appears 
in this issue, have been authorized to manufacture the badges of the 
Fraternity, according to the stipulations of the Pittsburg and pre- 
vious conventions. 

* * * 

Just as we went to press with our literary department, a charm- 
ing, chatty sketch of Delta Xi Chapter, somewhat belated, came to 
our hands, from Brother Jouillard, which was to have accompanied 
the plate which appears in this issue. It will appear, however, in 
the April number, and, by the kindness of Delta Xi Chapter, will 
be profusely illustrated by views of the University and of the Chap- 
ter's Club House. 

* * * 

As the present issue goes forth, the initial number of the new 
volume, it bears with it the best wishes of the editor for a happy 



EDITORIAL. 3 1 

New Year. The year just passed has given us much to be thank- 
ful for, and the budding new one promises even greater fruit. Let 
us strive for greater successes, higher ideals and closer fraternal 
feelings, and may the closing days of 1892 show a realization of 

the prospects and aspirations of the present. 

* * * 

We have .still a few remaining files of Volume XIII of the 
Quarterly which we will gladly place at the disposal of any chap- 
ter desiring them for binding and preservation in their chapter 
libraries. We would also call attention to the opportunity offered 
to secure the Shield, of Phi Kappa Psi, and the Delta Upsilon 
Quarterly at reduced rates and cannot too highly commend to our 

chapters this method of extending their fraternity knowledge. 

* * * 

Among the innovations contemplated in the current volume is 
a department devoted to the open discussion of such subjects as 
are deemed of present importance to the Fraternity. The Chap- 
ter House question is the one at present most pressing, and in the 
April issue it is desired that we may have a symposium of opinions 
upon this much mooted topic. The experience of those chapters 
already possessing such homes is especially to be desired, and we 
hope for a rich harvest of plans from those who have been the 

pioneers in this movement. 

* * * 

We are pleased to be able to record in this issue the entrance of 

the New York chapters into a permanent Club house. Efforts have 

been on foot for some time and the united efforts of alumni and 

undergraduates have at last culminated in success. The new house 

contains besides a billiard room, parlor and meeting room for the 

grand chapter and local chapters, accommodations for a limited 

number of visiting brothers. The well known ability of the New 

York men as entertainers is sufficient guarantee of the cordial 

welcome which awaits all Deltas sojourning in New York, and 

we cannot too highly (from personal experience) commend all 

visiting brothers to their doors. 

* * * 

The past few months have witnessed a complete breaking down 
of any spirit of individualism which may in the past have animated 



32 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

the Eastern wing of the Fraternity. The cause of this new perme- 
ating sentiment of inter-chapter amity is to be found in the numer- 
ous inter-chapter banquets held during the past year at Boston, 
Philadelphia, New York and Baltimore. At these, representatives 
have been found of all the Eastern chapters, and the result is a 
genuine glow of enthusiasm over the entire region. The recent 
Yale-Princeton foot ball game proved sufficiently magnetic to draw 
to New York members from eight of the outlying chapters, and the 
house-warming of the local chapters on the preceding evening brought 
together upwards of twenty-five Deltas from other chapters. The 
praise of these returning brothers, of the new headquarters of the 
Fraternity in New York, was equaled only by their glowing eulo- 
gies of the brothers of Gotham as entertainers. Such meetings 
give new force to the word Fraternity and new impulses for activity. 
The idea of chapter and inter-chapter banquets cannot be too 

highly recommended. 

* * * 

Since the Pittsburg convention did not see fit to ring down the 
curtain upon the Quarterly management, we have simply to con- 
tinue our work, without formal introduction or preface to our 
plans, accepting the action of the convention as concurring with 
our policy. To intensify and extend the Fraternity's influence; to 
attach and retain the allegiance of alumni; to foster the feeling of 
solidarity among the chapters and individual members, and withal 
to temper our labors with a leaven of inter-fraternity comity and 
equity — this we feel to be the Quarterly's mission and anything 
which fails to harmonize with these ideas will meet the blue pencil 
veto. If we fail in fulfilling these aims it will be due to the limi- 
tations of the editor — not to lack of ideals or good intentions. With 
most unbounded confidence in the future and worth of our Frater- 
nity, we are still frank enough to believe that, in some respects, a 
change of policy is needed to meet the growing demands of our 
order. The Quarterly thus presents itself as an arena for the 
discussion of those matters which concern the Fraternity's welfare, 
and requests the co-operation of all members to make it as repre- 
sentative as possible. 

* * * 

The Pittburg convention brought many tender messages from 
old Deltas all over the country, the majority of which are of a to 



EDITORIAL. 33 

special character to permit publication. The two following, how- 
ever, from old classmates, the one from Hon. Jas. Hopkins, Alpha 
'50, and the other from Prof. Wm. D. Butler, Alpha '50, are so 
glowing with that spirit of fraternal fellowship which animated the 
recent meeting to so marked a degree that we cannot resist their 
publication : 

Washington, D. C, October 30, 1891. 
J. Mont Travis: 

My Dear Sir and Brother : — I cannot express the great regret I feel that I 
will be denied the pleasure of meeting with my brother Deltas. 

I had looked forward with eagerness to this reunion, anticipating the strength- 
ening of old friendships and the formation of new ones. The memory of the 
earliest days of our Fraternity comes upon me with freshness and delight. I re- 
joice in the great prosperity of our Fraternity, and look to its future with confi- 
dent hope. 

Please convey my congratulations and best wishes to the brothers, and try to 
tell them how sorry I am that I cannot participate in their festivities. 

Fraternally yours, 

James H. Hopkins. 



Blow School, South St. Louis, October 29, 1891. 
Secretary of the Phi Comma Delta Society Convention now in session, Pittsburgh 
Pa.: 

Dear Brother : — I noticed in this morning's paper that my old society was 
holding a convention in Pittsburg, and at once all my former love for this associa- 
tion was kindled anew. I was a member of the chapter in old Jefferson College, 
at Canonsburg. Though but few of my companions are left in this life, I am still 
interested in the prosperity of the Phi Gamma Delta Society. Please give the 
brethren my best wishes, and send me a copy of your proceedings and catalogue. 

Fraternally in <l>. I\ A., 

Wm. D. Butler, 
Prin. Blow School. 

^F ^n ^F 

As we send New Year's greetings to our readers at the opening of 
another year, we are constrained to strike a note of warning in regard 
to the selection of new material. Every fraternity has some ideal 
to which it clings as a first principle, and every chapter, to a greater 
or less degree, is moulded by this general fraternity ideal. By our 
constitution and our universal practice, our chapters are below, 
rather than above the average in numerical strength. Having the 
one idea of fraternity — of fellowship, prominently before them, our 
founders, and their successors, have always endeavored to incul- 



34 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

cate the idea of conservatism and unity, both within and without. 
Hence, while recognizing the dangers of ultra-conservatism, we feel 
impelled to encourage our chapters to maintain the early ideal of 
the Fraternity, and to seek perfect unity, above all else, by the se- 
lection of congenial members. The first element to be sought for 
is that of manliness — an all embracing word and so comprehensive 
that it may be safely followed as a criterion. The gentleman may 
not be such to outward appearance, he might not figure well in a 
Fifth Avenue drawing room, but if he be a gentleman he will win 
respect both for himself and for his chapter. Tc enumerate the 
virtues to be sought for and the faults to be avoided is superflous. 
Scholarship should be ever kept in view as a prime requisite, as 
should social accomplishments. Money, if unaccompanied by 
true worth, is as a foundation of sand. Such a man, if he does not 
ruin a chapter's reputation, will, in the end, mould it along his 
own lines. To attempt to turn a chapter into an institution for 
reform can result in good to no one but the man himself, and he is 
more likely to stain the good name of a chapter than to profit by it. 
Mediocre men seldom strengthen a chapter. As a half dozen glit- 
tering brilliants are more attractive to the eye than a window full 
of spurious gems, so a small chapter of united and talented fel- 
lows will exert more influence than a score of men of ordinary 
ability. It is the unattainable that attracts in fraternity, as in every- 
thing else. Make your chapter the synonym of conservatism and 
you manifold its strength. Go slow. Know well your man, re- 
membering that it is better to lose two good men than to find you 
have miscalculated in one. It's the rotten apple at the bottom of 
the barrel that spoils the bushel. It's the unprincipled initiate 
who causes you to relinquish your proud position and possibly your 

charter itself. 

* * * 

Our prolonged silence on the topic of Chapter Correspondence 
is not to be taken as indicative of any great degree of perfection 
attained by our contributors in the ars scribendi, but rather to ex- 
cessive weariness on our part of the subject. But the mass of non- 
descript letters which came to our table for tehis issue leads us to 
believe that a rapid reversion to primitive, original forms of expres- 
sion is rapidly setting in, or else a brand new set of corres- 



EDITORIAL. 35 

ponding editors have recently been elected. Much of the 
chirography, with which we have to struggle, would mystify 
the modern Assyriologist, while even the taciturn red man 
would grow envious at some of the laconic, disjointed 
rhetoric which characterizes many of the letters. We try 
and not be hypercritical in our judgments, but patience 
ceases to be a virtue when letters of two hundred words are re- 
ceived, two-thirds of which must be eliminated and the balance 
re-written before it goes in types. In future, letters of this char- 
acter will meet with a waste basket grave, and if any correspond- 
ence fails to appear, the reason may be sought and consolation 
derived from the fact that it was not fit for publication. The only 
cause attributable to this condition of affairs is that the chapters 
often elect men of no particular literary attainments to the position, 
and are careless as to how he performs his duty. Such, we are happy 
to say, does not apply to all. Many, in fact, are forwarded to the 
printer without examination, and the majority demand but little 
alteration. In order that greater uniformity may characterize 
chapter letters in the future, we would commend the following 
suggestions to correspondents: 

First. Endeavor to cultivate a good literary style in your writing 
and to present your ideas in something more than bald outlines. 
Facts are wanted, however, and not extended panegyrics of the 
superior merits of your chapter as compared with the Philistine 
crowd which compose the the chapters of K. J. A , A. 2. 2\, or some 
similar organization. If you cannot say anything good of a rival, 
keep silent. 

Second. Endeavor to present those ideas which are likely to in- 
terest other chapters of the Fraternity, as well as your alumni 
readers. The recent success of Bro. Blank in the social sphere, or 
the color of Bro. X's trousers is of interest to no one but Bro. X. 
If you have gained real honors, state them; we are all interested in 
your college affairs; any donations; or additions to the faculty; the 
notable deeds of your rivals, or of your own chapter — all these go 
to compose a good letter. Rise above the prosey and provincial, 
and, where possible, discuss some general Fraternity subject. 

Third. Observe those rules of punctuation and correct English, 
which are to be found in any work on rhetoric; write on something 



36 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

better than wrapping paper, and endeavor to use but one side. A 
pen is always to be preferred to a blue pencil — the editor will use 
the latter. Write names legibly — we can guess at the rest. Add 
class and home address when announcing initiations. 

As a parting admonition: Read your letter before the chapter 
before sending it in for publication; and to the chapter we would 
add, do not elect the youngest and most inexperienced man in 
your chapter as corresponding editor. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 



ALPHA. 

WASHINGTON AND JEFFERSON COLLEGE. 

Alpha wishes a happy New Year to all sister chapters, and hopes 
this may be a year of prosperity and advancement for each chapter 
in Phi Gamma Delta. 

On account of our beginning the year with thirteen brothers, we 
were exceedingly careful in our selection of men and did not initi- 
ate anyone until after the convention; as a result of this careful in- 
spection, we found three, deep in the mire of Barbarism, but still 
possessing those sterling qualities which the refining influences of 
Phi Gramma Delta will always bring out into prominence. 

We take great pleasure in introducing to the Greek world Bros. 
John M. Freeman, '93, Ligonier, Pa.; Mead H. Anderson, '93, 
New Texas; and Allen G. Naylor, '95, Wheeling, West Virginia. 

The board of editors for the Junior Annual has been elected and 
Alpha is represented by Bros. Werrick and Freeman. 

The foot ball season has closed, and all unite in saying that the 
team was very successful this year. We secured 192 points to our 
opponents 22. Four brothers played on the College team in the 
following places: Right tackle, right half-back, quarter-back and 

center. 

This will be a memorable year in the history of Washington and 
Jefferson College, as our thirty thousand dollar gymnasium will be 
finished by next commencement. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 37 

The brothers of Alpha wish to be remembered kindly to all those 
whom they met during the last convention. 

Wishing the Quarterly and its editor a very happy and success- 
ful New Year, I am, very fraternally, Jno. L. Deahl. 

BETA. 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

Beta again sends greeting to her sister chapters. Since our last 
writing we have been very fortunate in many ways, although our 
efforts have been crowned with success only through the united 
efforts of all. We have initiated eight new brothers whom we now 
take pleasure in introducing to the Fraternity at large. They are : 
Bro. A. S. Harris and Bro. S. D. Parry, '92 Col.; Bro. A. C.Barnes, 
'92, Med.; Bro. J. J. Hendrick and Bro. J. J. G. Hibbs, '93 Col.; 
Bro. G. M. Coates, '94 Col.; and Bro. G. Crow and Bro. S. Mc- 
Cullaugh, '95 Col. 

Bro. Harris has been prominent in Athletics at the University 
ever since his entrance, having rowed on the 'Varsity crew in his 
Freshman and Sophomore years and being a member of several 
class teams. Bro. Parry is also one of the prominent men in his 
class. Bro. Barnes is our newest initiate and we believe that he 
will make a true and loyal Phi Gamma Delta. 

Bro. Coates won the mile bicycle race in the University sports 
last spring, and we expect him to do the same next year. 

Bro. Crow has not been in college long, but has already distin- 
guished himself on his class crew. Bro. S. McCullagh is also a 
Freshman, and we expect to see him become prominent, both in 
college, as well as an honor to Beta chapter. . 

From Bro. Hendrick and Bro. Hibbs we also anticipate honor 
to Beta and Phi Gamma Delta. 

Our brothers have been honored in various ways already this 
year. Bro. A. McCullaugh, Jr., played on his class tennis team. 
Bro. Al burger has succeeded in obtaining a place on the College 
Glee Club. Bros. Nicholson, Small, Harris, Weber and Crawford 
played on their various class foot ball teams. 

There has been quite a movement here of late in the formation 
of "school " clubs, and Bro, Gable had the honor of being elected 
president pf pne of them. 



38 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

We sent as delegate to the convention, Bro. Gable. He brought 
back not only reports of the good time he enjoyed, but also the 
good news that we are to have the honor of entertaining the con- 
vention here next year. We will do our best to make it the most 
successful in the history of the Fraternity. 

We have had several visitors from our sister chapters and have 
enjoyed theii calls exceedingly. We hope that many more brothers 
will find time to seek us out in our new quarters. Several of our 
brothers have visited some of the sister chapters in return, and 
have always reported the kindest hospitality at the hands of other 
Deltas. 

We have taken a house near the college and have succeeded in 
getting it into good condition. Bros. Danforth and Thompson 
have taken a room in it, and we expect to have more of our rooms 
occupied in a short time. We have fitted up our parlor In good 
shape and are proud of it. It contains among other things a beau- 
tiful emblem, which we owe to the generosity of Bro. Elliot. 

We held a banquet at the Colonnade on our anniversary, De- 
cember 22nd, but an account of it will be found elsewhere in the 
Quarterly. 

Bro. A. McCullaugh, Jr., had the great honor of being appointed 
legate for the founding of our new chap.er at Worcester Institute 
of Technology. May health, wealth and prosperity ever attend the 
new chapter and may her course be onward ever! 

Altogether we can report that Beta is in very fine condition, and 
that we are looking forward to still better times in the future. 

Congratulating Xi on her new chapter house, and with best 
wishes to all our sister chapters, I am, 

Fraternally yours, 

Andrew Crawford. 
DELTA. 

BUCKNELL UNIVERSITY. 

Delta's course, since her last report in the Quarterly, has been 
one of pleasant progress. During the last foot ball season Buck- 
nell had upon the field the strongest team ever trained upon her 
campus. Six of the regular players and one substitute were from 
Delta's hall. The winning of every hard-fought battle at the be- 
ginning of the season so crippled and weakened the team that, on 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 39 

Thanksgiving day, they sustained a defeat which may result in the 
loss of the league pern nt. However this may be, our chief glory 
lies in thfc fact that we have defeated and humbled State College, 
a very pretentious and boastful rival whose reputation among us 
is redeemed only by the presence of a royal band of Phi Gams 
among them. 

Of last year's class, Brothers Cotterall and Starkey are taking a 
year at Harvard, while Brothers Langford and Stevens are at Cro- 
zer Theological Seminary, and Bro. Donat is teaching at a Phila- 
delphia business college. 

It may be a source of wonder to some sister chapters why we 
have not done better with a Freshman class of 50 than to secure 
only one man. The fact is, '95 offers little or no fraternity ma- 
terial. 

Wishing continued prosperity to the Quarterly and all mem- 
bers of 0. r. J., I remain, yours fraternally, 

Raymond Davis. 

EPSILON. 

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

Epsilon's work for this term is nearly ended. She has accom- 
plished much in the past few months, and out of the one hundred 
and odd Freshmen who entered this year, five have been added to 
our ranks. Epsilon, for the first time since her re-organization, 
has been represented at the general convention, and although 
farthest south, she alone of Section HI has enjoyed a report of 
that august body. 

On the college campus we have one of Jthe finest tennis courts 
and outfits, which is in constant use. 

At the last inter-society debate we were represented by Brother 
Foust as President and Brother Lee, the latter being one of the two 
successful contestants. 

Brother Lewis, '91, spent a few days with us last week on his 
tramp through the State on a geological survey, and some time pre- 
vious we were glad to welcome back Brother J. M. Cheek '92, who, 
during the past summer, has been laid up with sickness. 

The university has lately received a donation of nearly $40,000, 
which, we trust, will attract an increased number of students. 



40 t>Hl GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

At present we have ten men in the chapter, nine of whom we 
hope to have with us next fall. 

The Trinity foot ball team, in the recent game with U. N. C, 
defeated us by a score of 6 to 4. 

In closing, we wish for the best of good fortune to all of our 
chapters and a Happy New Year to all Deltas. 

Fraternally yours, 

James Sawyer. 

ETA. 

MARIETTA COLLEGE. 

By a slight misunderstanding between two of our brothers, the 
regular letter from Eta was not forthcoming in the October edi- 
tion of the Quarterly. We had many, and some good things to 
say which we think have not at all grown uninteresting by keeping, 
so we hasten to greet our brotherhood and give them to know of 
our hopes, which are high; our fears, which are few; and our joys, 
which are many. 

In a class of thirteen, graduating last June, Phi Gamma Delta 
was represented by three worthy men, Lewis, Dye and Plummer; 
all well situated at present in their respective callings — the two 
former pursuing theological studies, the latter engaged in journal- 
istic work here in Marietta. 

Bro. Stone, '94, entered the University of Virginia, this fall, to 
pursue a course of mining engineering. He has, in addition to his 
scholarly and social attainments, distinguished himself there as a 
" heavy rusher M in foot ball. 

We began this year as follows: Seniors, six; Juniors, one; 
Sophs., three. 

Bro. Faukhauser, formerly '93, returned, entering '94. Bros. 
Broka '64, and Douglass and Plummer '95, were initiated, making 
us now fourteen. 

The strength of the other fraternities in college is as follows: 
J. /*., 14; A. T. &}., 9; A. 2. #. (local), 9; A. f. (local), 4. 

We have four pledged men, all fine fellows, and stand ready to 
pledge a few more if the right sort appear. How highly our 
brothers are respected in Marietta College, and how justly they 
command respect, may be judged by the following facts: Of the 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 4! 

two literary societies which comprise the whole college, we have 
the Presidents, Blake and Hayman; of the Oratorial Association 
we have the President, Blish; of the Athletic Association we have 
the President and Vice President, Hayman and Brookaw; in the 
same connection we have the captain of the college base ball team, 
Blake; the champion all 'round athlete of the college, Maiden, 
winner of a beautiful gold medal on last Field Day, who is also 
field captain of the Senior class, and ex-officio captain of the col- 
lege foot ball team; on the editorial staff of the College Olio we 
have Editor-in-Chief Blake and Associate Editor Maiden; of the 
Senior and Sophomore classes we have the Presidents, Blake and 
Brokaw; leader of chapel choir, Bro. Gear; members of college 
quartet, Bros. Gear, Campbell and Jones; first violin in college 
orchestra, Farqhuar (pledged man); of six speakers on Junior ex- 
hibition last commencement, three were Phi Gamms; on the same 
day Bro. Campbell won the Freshman prize for declamation; of 
five Seniors elected to take part in the Class Day exercises next 
spring, two are Phi Gamms — Blish, poet, and Maiden, prophet. 
Our chapter's social standing here and general scholarship may be 
judged by the same facts. As a chapter, Eta is in harmonious and 
spirited working order, has excellent meetings and enjoys a gen- 
eral prosperity. 

The Alumni Association, composed of Eta graduates, with their 
lady friends, were entertained, a few evenings since, by Brother 
Cisler '89. An interesting literary and musical program was pre- 
sented, to which several of the ladies happily contributed. The 
rest of the evening was pleasantly passed in social converse, fla- 
vored with delicate refreshments. 

On the 17th inst. dedicatory ceremonies will be held in the aud- 
itorium of Andrews Hall, an elegant structure just completed as a 
memorial to our late college President, Israel Ward Andrews. The 
building is designed to accommodate the preparatory, business and 
Normal departments of the college. It is thoroughly modern, 
complete in all its appointments, and a most worthy tribute to him 
whose name it bears. 

Eta sends " Merry Xmas and Happy New Year" to all. 

Yours fraternally, 
B. F. Maiden. 



4* PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

PI. 
ALLEGHENY COLLEGE. 

Pi has one new member to report — Bro. J. W. Kephart, class 
of '96, whom we pledged last term. He is in the Fraternity, and 
is proving to be a loyal wearer of the colors. Our men have never 
been neglectful of the social side of college life, and this term we 
gave a reception the first night of the term. It was informal and 
thoroughly enjoyable. 

Some excitement has been caused in fraternity circles by the 
attempt to establish a chapter of Sigma Chi here. Allegheny has 
already more than her share of fraternities, and even though one 
were needed, it would scarcely start under favorable auspices,when 
several of the charter members had been expelled from other fra- 
ternities, as was the case here. An active counter-movement was 
set up by the fiaternities, and it is now generally believed that the 
matter has been dropped, the officials of Sigma Chi refusing to 
grant the charter. 

We miss from among us Bro. H. P. Johnson, '91, who left us 
last term to accept a desirable position as Principal of the Blairs- 
ville (Pa.) High School. He expects to graduate with his class, and 
we hope to have him with us again in June. Fraternally, 

B. A. Hevdrick. 

ZETA DEUTERON. 

WASHINGTON AND LEE UNIVERSITY. 

Since we were last heard from there has been little change in 
college or fraternity affairs. The examinations and Christmas holi- 
days are the events of a past year, and '92 smiles on us with her 
new hopes and bright prospects as if she were ambitious of being 
our most successful year. 

With the approach of spring the interest in base ball is beginning 
to revive. Of course Phi Gamma Delta will have her representa- 
tive there. Your humble scribe has been elected president of final 
ball. 

Although there is not much news to tell, we know that the G. C. 
is interested in our health, so we write to say that we are well. 

Wishing her sister Chapters a happy and successful new year, 
Z. J. bows her adieu. W. B. Henderson. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 43 

OMICRON. 

UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. 

Omicron wishes to apologize to her sister chapters for non- 
appearance in the October Quarterly. Force of circumstances 
and a few misunderstandings were the cause. We sincerely hope 
that it will not occur again. 

We have the pleasure of introducing to the fraternity at large 
five of the finest "goats" ever taken in here at the university. 
They are Geo. H. Neale of California, Ed C. Martz of Virginia, 
Jno. J. Lipop of Virginia, N. B. Early of Virginia, and J. E. John- 
son of West Virginia. We also have with us in the chapter, Thos. 
L. Payne (^.), Peter W. Hairston (/J. X), and William Cameron 
(J. J.) We started the season with six of last year's men back. 

We were delighted to have with us as visitors some time ago, 

Bros. J. P. Woods (#. J.)» Robt - Crai S ( B - J 0> J no - L - Rendel- 
man (#. J.), James Wood (//. J.), F. L. Lotchbeich (/?. J.), M. N. 
Thomas (P. X. '90), and James M. Foster (0. '90). 

We have been holding our own in the athletic line this year, as 
well as otherwise We had two half-backs on the foot ball team, 
Shelton and Lipop, besides several members of the several class 
teams. Bro. Shelton is vice president of the University Banjo, 
Mandolin and Glee Club, and also the intermediate president of 
the "Wash." We can safely say that we are in a prosperous con- 
dition and that our outlook for next year is very promising. We 
have rented another room this year and have fixed it up in good 
shape. Any of our brethren who chance to visit us shall be assured 
of a hearty welcome at Omicron Hall. Our latch-string is always 
on the outside. Chas. R. Skinker, Jr. 

TAU. 

HANOVER COLLEGE. 

*'.' Tau Chapter of 0. A J. presents her best wishes to her sister 
chapters for a Happy New Year and a season of unparalleled pros- 
perity and success. 

According to promise we will now introduce to you our new 
brothers, Chas. and Fred Hamilton of Emporia College, Kan. 
They entered the junior class of Hanover late in the term and were 
quite a victory for us, Bro. Charles having been " spiked" by sev- 



44 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

eral of the other Frats. Both have been duly initiated, and 
a younger brother, Guy, will wear the badge as soon as he becomes 
a full-fledged Freshman. 

Tau has had many pleasant experiences during the past years, 
but the beams of happiness which had so long shone upon her have 
been broken by clouds of sorrow. Less than a year ago the remains 
of Bro. Tom Gibony were laid to rest in the little village cemetery, 
and on the 22nd of December, 1891, when the happy Christmas- 
tide was about to break upon us and wake the world to gladness, 
the sad news of Bro. Andrew Gibony's death came to us from the 
Pacific Coast. He took the pledge of 0. r. J. last commencement, 
and was introduced to the fraternities in the October Quarterly. 
During the summer vacation he was prostrated by pneumonia, 
which terminated in consumption. Hoping that a change of scene 
and climate might restore him to health, his parents, who had so 
lately been bereft of an older soon, sent him to the Pacific Coast; 
but the salubrious climate of Oregon was powerless to restote him 
to health. He succumbed to the hand of death, and his body now 
lies at rest, while his spirit has gone to the God from whence it 
came. 

Although among us so short a time, we had learned to love him, 
atd looked anxiously for the time when he would return to us. We 
looked and hoped in vain. He has passed before us to that Frater- 
nity above where there shall be no more parting from dear ones, 
but one bond of union forever. 

Great is our sorrow, sincere our sympathy for the bereaved ones, 
but above the cloud of grief we see the brightness of his character, 
which will ever shine in the hearts of all who knew him. 

Fraternally yours, 

G. £. Shelbrede. 

ZETA^ 

UNIVERSITY OF INDIANA. 

Zeta still waves the royal purple for Phi Gamma Delta, the gold 
for Zeta chapter and the red and white for Indiana University. 
And well she may, both on account of Phi Gamma Delta's new 
chapters, Zeta's most excellent quartette of new brothers and 
I. U.'s very prosperous condition. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 45 

0. r. A. has reason to congratulate herself on the high grade of 
colleges in which she has established her latest chapters, and it 
should continue to be the policy of the fraternity to establish chap- 
ters only in the best colleges or none. 

Zeta has initiated four of the best men in college this year, and 
is not done yet. Bro. E. W. Rettgar, Junior class, came from the 
State Normal and immediately took his place as a leader in all his 
classes. Bro. R. D. Miller, Sophomore class, came from the 
Bloomingdale Academy. Bro. Thurston Smith, Sophomore class, 
comes from this city. Bro. Karl Kramer, Freshman class, comes 
from Rockport. They are all men that we are proud of. 

The I. U. is enjoying a genuine boom. Under the new adminis- 
tration of Dr. Coulter, she is making great strides. She is fore- 
most in furnishing lecturers for the new university extension work 
of this section, already having classes in Chicago, Louisville, 
Indianapolis and Evansville. Our new gymnasium building is 
almost completed, and I. U.'s condition and prospects were never 
brighter. 0. r. A. is well represented on the faculty by Dr. Coul- 
ter, Tau ; Dr. Woodburn, Zeta, and Dr. Ross, Beta Mu. 

Bro. Hottel '94, covered himself with glory this season and is 
acknowledged to be the best man on the foot ball team. The 
Indianapolis daily papers said of him: "He lifts his feet like a 
deer and has a record of 100 yards in 10 j£ seconds.' ' Zeta also 
sustains her former reputation in the class room and literary halls. 
Also her lady friends are well taken care of. 

The seven other fraternity chapters here are all in good con- 
dition, but there are not enough ladies' chapters here (two) to 
make the competition among them what it should be. K. K. f and 
K. A. 6. are combining their efforts to establish another fraternity 
here, and we hope to greet a new chapter soon. 

Zeta sends greeting to all wearers of the purple, and wishes them 

all the success that has attended her. 

Yours in the bonds of 0. A A., 

H. W. Nuckols. 
OMEGA. 

COLUMBIA COLLEGE. 

Omega begins '92 prosperously, and wishes her sister chapters a 
successful New Year, 



46 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The last three months have passed quickly and pleasantly in 
meeting our visiting brothers from out of town. 

On Thanksgiving eve we were glad to welcome many Fijis from 
neighboring chapters. 

Those brothers who have joined the chapter since our last letter 
are: Fred J. Swift and W. R. Sopris, of '92, law; G. A. Wother- 
spoon and E. H. James, of '95, mines. We have several new men 
pledged whom we will introduce in our next letter. 

Our annual dinner will be held in February. 

Bro. Sopris reports having had a good time at the banquet of 
Beta chapter. Bros. Struihers '86 and Ballentine '86 attended 
one of our recent initiation meetings, and we hope that we may be 
able to report many similar visits in the near future. 

Our Section Chief, Brother H. W. McCauley, has been a fre- 
quent visitor at our meetings, and, while we wish him every success 
in his new home in Oregon, we hope soon again to have him 
among us. 

Bro. Harrington, of Rho Deuteron, is now on the staff of the 
Tribdne. 

Bro. Dewey, of Theta Psi is now in the Freshman class in the 
mines. 

We were very glad to recently see Bros. McCullagh, of Philadel- 
phia, and Collins, of Amherst, both old Omega men. 

Many members of the Fraternity attended the wedding of Jack 
French to Miss Anna Maude Stiers, of this city, which took place 
the first part of last month. 

With best wishes for the new year, I am, 

Fraternally yours, 

Jas. R. Chisholm. 

ALPHA DEUTERON. 

ILLINOIS WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY. 

The past term has been a very successful one for Alpha Deute- 
ron. At the beginning of the school year but eight of the brothers 
returned ready for work; and as a result of their labors I have the 
pleasure of introducing Bro. A. J. Lonncy, P. O. Shreve, Leroy 
Whitmer, A. P. Port, C. S. Hall and Webb Baker, six of the most 
desirable men of the class, so we now number fourteen, which is a 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 47 

good working force. We also expect to initiate two or three more 
good men next term, and they, together with some absent brothers 
who will return, will make us a very strong chapter. 

The college paper, the Echo, managed exclusively by our men, 
is pronounced the most successful paper the college has ever had. 
It is a success in every way. Its policy is a broad and liberal one, 
and it seeks to do all possible good for the school first, next the 
Fraternity. An annual will be published by the Echo staff in June. 

Bro. Chas. O. Strickland, a very successful physician of Chicago, 
died December 4th. His remains were brought here and the 
brothers attended the funeral in a body. Bro. Strickland was a 
very enthusiastic member when in school, and was much loved by 
all who knew him. 

To our baby /7. /., A. A. sends greeting, and hopes the new chap- 
ter will enjoy a generous degree of prosperity. 

With the best wishes for all wearers of the royal purple, I am, 

Fraternally yours, 

W. A. Warner. 

BETA DEUTERON. 

ROANOKE COLLEGE. 

Since we last wrote you we have had sickness for our guest, and 
he has failed to press the hand of but few of us. Bro. Copenhaver 
was long and seriously ill, and at one time we feared his illness 
would terminate fatally, but we are happy to say that he is at pres- 
ent much better and is rapidly recovering. Brothers Adams, Bal- 
lard, Wood and Cannaday have been the victims of grippe. Fra- 
ter Woods has been so unfortunate as to have a swollen foot. Being 
naturally well developed at both extremities, he found this abnor- 
mal enlargement particularly inconvenient, inasmuch as he had 
great difficuly in getting a slipper sufficiently capacious. We are 
glad to note, however, that he is now fully recovered. 

Brother Lotspeich, of Texas, did not return at the beginning of 
the session, but came in about the 1st of December. Why he 
lingered so long we do not know, but why he did finally return we 
think we can explain. With others we can say : 



48 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The ancients had their Graces three — 

But one have we ; 

Yet all their charms, it seems to me, 

Concentered be. 

And who hath eyes that cannot see 

That to our hearts securely she 

Doth hold the key? 

Such bondage is, we all agree, 

By far more sweet than liberty. 

Such an attraction is surely sufficient to bring a student back, 
even from far-off Texas. 

0. r. A. will have the honor of being represented at the celebra- 
tion of the Demosthenian Literary Society, to be held Jan. 19. 

Wishing you all a Merry Xmas and a Happy New Year, I 
remain. Fraternally yours, 

C. B. Cannaday. 

DELTA DEUTERON. 

HAMPDEN-SIDNEY COLLEGE. 

Since our last letter to the Quarterly four new links have been 
added to the chain of Deltas at old Hampden-Sidney. It gives me 
pleasure now to introduce them to the Fraternity at large. They 
are: Bros. Robt. Carter Nicholas, of Buckingham County, Va.; 
Carter Duprey Johnson, of Harrisonburg, Va.; Harry L. Watkins, 
of North Carolina; and Harry Claggett Warden, of Clarke County, 
Va. 

Bro. Johnson is the marshal for the intermediate celebration 
from Union society. 

Bro. Herbert Hawes has lately been honored with the election 
to the position of Vice President of the Athletic Association. 

Bro. Dandridge Spotswood and your correspondent were dele- 
gates to the college convention of the Y. M. C. A., held at the 
University of Virginia, and there had the pleasure of meeting 
Omicron's boys, besides grasping the hands of Bros. Rendleman, 
Woods and Craig, of B. J., who were in attendance at the con- 
vention. 

We recently had the pleasure of a visit from Bro. James P. Lan- 
caster, one of last session's boys. Jim manages the farm of his 
mother and seems to enjoy his new occupation, preferring it to 
study, though he misses those pleasant Fraternity gatherings. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 



49 



Bro. H. Basil Pratt '91, who is pursuing an advanced course in 
electricity and mechanics at the Va., A. and M. College has re- 
cently been elected to make an oration during the Public Debate, 
besides being Vice President of his class. 

Bro. Chas. McKinney '91, who was the tutor here last session, 
is instructing the young minds at Bainbridge, Ga., in the capacity 
of Principal of the Bainbridge Academy. 

Bro. William Cameron '91, the ex-manager of the H. S. base 
ball team, is pursuing his studies at the University, and seems 
highly pleased with his brothers of Omicron. 

Bro. Paul Pratt '90, as Richmond agent for the Electropoise, is 
making quite a success in his line; he expects soon to take unto 
himself another. We wish him much success in so laudable a ven- 
ture. 

Bro. Morris Christian '90, of Richmond, Va., represents the 
wholesale grocery firm of Christian & Christian as one of their 
travelling salesnen. 

We were sorry to part with Bro. J. Watkins Lacy, of West Vir- 
ginia, who had to leave college on account of ill health. 

Bros. Nicholas and Dandridge Spotswood enjoyed the hospitality 
of P. X. the night of the 22nd of December. 

All in this section are heartily in favor of holding a convention 
of the section next spring, and it is generally considered that it 
will be held next Easter at Lynchburg, Va., and a big delegation is 
expected from all the chapters, as we Virginians and Carolinians 
have got the spirit in us to do anything for the advancement of the 
cause we love so well. 

The fight for new men has been very hard here, but we still hold 
our own. 

The following is the numerical standing of the different frater- 
nities at Hampden Sidney: 





Fresh. 


Soph. 


Jun. 


Sen. 


Sem. 


Total. 


Init. 


0. r. j 


• 3 


3 


1 


3 


2 


12 


5 


B. S. // 


. 1 


2 


2 


1 


3 


9 


1 


£ X. 




3 
3 


2 


1 


1 


9 


5 

2 


W. J\ m *•••••• 


. 2 


5 


2 


2 


K. I. 




3 

1 


2 


2 


3 

1 


1 1 


2 


X. tf 


c 


2 


9 

4 


18 


mm 

6 


//. MX. if . • • • • t 


. I 


1 


4 


6 




3 


A % I • &6. • • • • • 


. I 








2 





3 


1 


0. e. v. 


. 


3 





1 


5 


9 


4 



99 



27 



50 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

This shows that over two-thirds of the men in college are frater- 
nity men. 
With best wishes for the success of the Quarterly, I am, 

Fraternally yours, 

Ned B. Campbell. 

EPSILON DEUTERON. 

MUHLENBERG COLLEGE. 

E. A. extends greetings to the Quarterly and her sister chap- 
ters, and hopes that the "surplus" day of the new year — a leap 
year, by the way, — may yield abundant prosperity to our beloved 
fraternity. 

The year 1892 possesses more than ordinary interest for the 
brothers of Muhlenberg, since it is the year of the quarto centen- 
nial celebration of our alma mater y which will take place this com- 
ing June. No doubt many an alumnus will return to revisit the 
scenes of his early training and, if he be a 0. A, nothing will be 
so gratifying to him as to commingle with these whose union forms 
so pleasant a feature of college life. E. A. feels proud of her rec- 
ord. Her foundation being almost contemporaneous with that of 
the college, she has steadily kept pace during a lapse of more than 
twenty years, serving as the home of many an honored alumnus. 

The chapter is composed of ten brothers at present, divided 
throughout the various classes as follows : Seniors, one ; Juniors, 
five ; Sr phomores, three ; Freshmen, one. We expect in the near 
future ti announce the names of several very desirable lower class 
men as 1 rothers of 0. r. A. Consequently the future prospects of 
the chni ter are very auspicious. 

Bro. Albright '93, has been elected personal editor of the Muhl- 
enberg, the monthly periodical of the college. 

We were glad to welcome Bros. La-arus, Butz, Klein and Sny- 
der, who returned from their respective colleges to spend their 
Christmas vacation at home. 

Bros. Lewis and Brunner were also sojourning with us during the 
holidays. 

With best wishes for a Happy New Year, laden with prosperity 
for all the chapters, I am, Fraternally yours, 

P. A. DeLong. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 51 

THETA DEUTERON. 

OHIO WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY. 

At the close of this, a most swift-footed term, it is pleasant as 
well as appropriate to send to headquarters tidings of our chapter's 
welfare and of the notable doings about the campus of Ohio 
Wesleyan. 

Since our last letter we have bidden and pledged Messrs. Warren 
and Brock, the former a brother of our own Bro. G. A. Warren, 
and the latter a talented young man coming fresh from active work 
on a newspaper staff in Washington State. We feel justly proud 
of the prospective additions to our brotherhood, and, while we 
are even now enjoying their daily companionship, we are looking 
forward to the time when we can welcome them to our inner circle. 
The chapter is in excellent condition, and fraternity enthusiasm is 
at boiling point. 

Theta Deuteron bids good bye to Bro. Jno. Ormond as section 
chief with regret, but we are glad we still retain him as a close 
friend. We welcome our new chief, Bro. Bosler, not as a stranger, 
but as a friend whom we know so well that we almost claim him as 
our own. 

The University has a large enrollment this term and college life 
has been lively. The new University building is steadily nearing 
completion. The foot ball team has scored a great success this 
season, having played three games, winning all of them. Phi 
Gamma Delta claims some of the honor! 

There is a rumor afloat that a chapter of Delta Upsilon-is about 
to appear in our midst. We are neither credulous nor incredulous 
— we are simply waiting for the rumor to substantiate itself. 

We are anticipating the time when we shall have the privilege of 
entertaining our brothers in the section convention to be held in 
Delaware during the winter terra. Until then and thereafter we 
shall be glad to welcome among us any and all Phi Gams who can 
make it possible to visit us. Fraternally yours, 

O. C. Harn. 
LAMBDA DEUTERON. 

DENISON UNIVERSITY. 

In the midst of our fall terra " exams." we pause to send greet- 
ing to our sister chapters. 



52 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Since we last wrote we initiated Bro. O. H. Rask, of La Crosse, 
Wis., whom we cordially recommend to Phi Gam fellowship. 

We have begun quite extensive repairs and alterations in our 
hall and rooms. We now have three rooms, and when fixed up 
according to plans will be the finest chapter rooms in town. 

It is expected that Bro. White, who has been sojourning with 
Theta Deuteron this term, will return to his first love next term. 
We shall be glad to again have him with us. 

On December 12, Sigma Chi and Lambda Deuteron Chapter of 
Phi Gamma Delta met on the foot bail field. We expected defeat, 
but after the first few rushes it was evident that Sigma Chi was 
"not in it." We gained a complete victory. Score 22 to o in 
our favor. 

We have pledged Daniel Daub, the pitcher for the University 
ball team. He made the phenomenal record of an average of six- 
teen strike outs every game last season. 

The University expects to gruduate eighteen men this year. 
Three are Phi Gams. Six men have been elected by the class to 
orate on commencement day; Bros. Price and Kinney are two of 
the six. Davis is one of the orators on Class day. 

We wish all a Happy New Year. Fraternally yours, 

Bruce Kinney. 
NU DEUTERON. 

YALE UNIVERSITY. 

Since the last letter five men have been initiated into the chap- 
ter. They are: Frank Lee and C. M. Edwards '94 (Shef); G B. 
Alvord, '95; A. W. Colton, L. E. Bradley, '90; and Machintosh,'90. 

Sanford B. Martin is our new T. A. (31 Exchange Building, 
Chapt* r room). 

Nu Dsuteron's prospects ore blossoming, and the fruit which we 
hope to pluck in due season is a Chapter House, in pursuance of 
which the active members are resolved to cultivate and fertilize 
most diligently and pray with fervor for the sunshine and rain of 
alumni favor. 

The suggestions of " An Allegheny Alumnus," in the last issue, 
are practical and interesting Nu Deuteron is young. Her own 
courage and energy will light up the vistas of her future, but she 
would gladly profit by the experience of an elder sister. 



* 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 53 

The winter term will, without doubt, see a large increase in our 
numbers, and the greeting which we send our brothers is one of 
great hope and happiness, and a Happy New Year to all. 

Arthur W. Colton. 

OMICRON DEUTERON. 

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY. 

Since the last issue of the Quarterly two more men have joined 
our number. They are Bros. Beldenand Wilcox, of Dayton, Ohio. 
Both men belong to the class of '95. We have also pledged two 
more men, whom we hope to be able to introduce in the next 
Quarterly, both of whom we think will make good Phi Gammas. 

Bro. Polk of '93, and Bro. Pease '95, who left on account of 
sickness, expect to be with us again next term. 

In one of the recent mid-term examinations, Bro. Wolf, one of 
our new men, made the grade of 100 in trigonometry, having also 
obtained the second highest grade in French during the same period. 

A Glee Club was recently organized with Bros. Serva and Tate 
as .members, Bro. Serva being elected secretary. Two of our 
pledged men are also members of the same organization. 

Our foot ball team has at last won a game. For this we may 

give thanks to our Commandant, Lieut. Wilson, who recommended 

to the trustees of the college that the foot ball men be given the 

drill hour to practice in. None of our members belong to the 

team, but we have a pledged man who does. 

We extend a cordial invitation to all Phi Gammas who may come 
our way to call and see us. Balph B. Tate. 

PI DEUTERON. 

KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY. 

Pi Deuteron started out this year with her usual good prospects, 
and we have since initiated five new men. In addition, we have 
pledged another man, but he was compelled, on account of sick- 
ness, to leave college. Our five lusty babes are as follows: E. 
W. Smith, of Osawatomie, Kan.; B. Janssen, of Atchison, Kan.; 
Ralph Valentine, of Topeka, Kan.; Burr Lakin, of Topeka, Kan.; 
Fred Dobson, of Ottawa, Kan. Bro. Smith p'ays center field in 
the 'Varsity ball nine, while Bro, Valentine is a brother of H. 



54 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

C. Valentine. Bro. Dobson attended Phillips Exeter last year. He 
is an all 'round athlete. He plays left end on the 'Varsity eleven. 
The unprecedented success of our eleven speaks for the ability of 
the individual men. To say that Bro. Dobson is among the best is 
only faint praise. We have thus twelve men in college, in the 
rush securing every man we spiked. We will lose but two men 
by graduation, Bros. Johnson and Lamm. 

Our social side has received its usual amount of development. 
Last spring our June party was one of the finest affairs ever given 
in the history of the University. The largest hall in town was 
secured and about sixty couples were present, who danced to the 
music furnished by the National Home Orchestra, which orchestra 
is composed of seventeen of the best musicians, hired by the gov- 
ernment. Our annual party on the 18th of December was a repeti- 
tion of our past successes in that line. Between these two elabo- 
rate affairs we have had our monthly " hops." 

Our rival fraternities. here are enjoying prosperity, if an outsider 
is a competent judge. Sigma Chi has been reorganized and is on 
a good basis. 

There is some talk of getting out a college annual this year. 

In a burlesque on " Julius Caesar," to be given soon by the stu- 
dents, members of #. T. J. will take prominent parts. 

The Athletic Association has purchased a tract of ground con- 
sisting of twelve acres which will be devoted to athletic sports. A 
comedy and opera by the students contributed twelve hundred 
dollars toward this fund. 

In closing we would wish to all our sister chapters the same 
measure of prosperity granted to Pi Deuteron. 

Fraternally yours, 

J. M. Challiss. 

RHO DEUTERON. 

WOOSTER UNIVERSITY. 

At the opening of the second term Rho Deuteron finds herself 
the possessor of thirteen college students. Our success this year 
has been exceedingly good; of the seven invitations extended to 
new men, we received regrets from not one, they all having ac- 
cepted and are now Phi Cams. Since the last issue of the Quar- 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 55 

terly we have had two initiations, Bro. Gifford, of Toledo, and 
Bro. Horn, of Wooster, in both cases having rivals. Since these 
two were initiated, the Delta Tau Delta journal has, through its 
Wooster correspondent, acknowledged Phi Gamma Delta as one 
of her chief rivals. 

Along with our good fortune there was a sprinkling of bad, as 
we have lost three members on account of sickness — Fred Bodman, 
Ralph Cox and Fred Bacon — but they expect to return as soon as 
they are able to continue their studies. 

Quite a number of the boys are holding creditable positions. 
Bro. Gifford is President of the Freshman class, and Bro. McMillen 
is Treasurer. Bro. Millen Davidson plays quarter-back on the 
Sophomore foot ball team, and Bro. Snodgrass right end. Bros. 
Ormond and Cox are members of the College Glee Club. 

Bro. McClure, of the Cleveland Leader, and Bro. Eagleson, '91, 
favored us with visits just before the holiday vacation. Bro. Jam- 
ison, formerly with '92 but now of Cincinnati, visited us a few 
days last term. Bro. Will Amos '91 spent a few days at the open- 
ing of the term with his Kappa Alpha Theta and Phi Gam friends. 

Yours in (P. 1\ J., 

Ernest C. Amos. 

BETA MU. 

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY. 

In our letter to the October Quarterly we promised in a suc- 
ceeding issue to acquaint you with our new initiates. They are : M. 
A. Nickkelson, of Chicago, P. G. of the department in history, 
and holder of the fellowship in that department ; James E. Ingram 
and John Phelps, both of Baltimore, and of the Freshman class. 
In these brothers we feel that the fraternity has greatly strength- 
ened itself, for all are men of that high moral and intellectual 
worth of which 0. T. J. so proudly boasts. Brother Nickkelson 
has recently published his Thesis on the papers of the J. H. U. 
studies in historical and political science, entitled the " Bishop 
Hill Colony," a study on Communism which has been very favor- 
ably received at the hands of the critics. 

Since our last letter we have inaugurated a series of " Smokers M 
which are held monthly in our rooms, and which have proven very 



56 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

popular with our small, though thoroughly enthusiastic body of 
alumni. The latter are organizing for the purpose of forming a 
Delta Club in the city, which will be organically connected with 
the chapter. 

Our annual banquet will be held the latter part of February, and 
we hope to have as goodly a representation of visiting brothers as 
favored us at our installation on February last. 

To any brother passing through the Monumental City we extend 
a cordial welcome to our home, the latch-string of which is always 
n the outside. 

Beta Mu extends her warmest greeting and most cordial hand o^ 
fraternal fellowship to the new links of our golden chain, which, if 
representing the antipodes geographically, are yet united by all 
the ties of kindred aims and aspirations. May the new year see 
their shadows increase in magnitude. 

Fraternally yours. 

Lloyd L. Jackson, Jr. 

IOTA MU. 

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY. 

Since the last Quarterly was published, Iota Mu has had the 
honor of initiating a baby chapter, one which we all are very proud 
of and whose prospects for the future are very propitious. It 
would not be out of place to tell the young child's history for the 
benefit of the brothers at large. We did not know that the men 
were coming down from Worcester to be initiated by us until the 
day before they came (Nov. 29), and since we had a recess of 
three days at Thanksgiving, we were not all able to be present at 
the initiation. However, I think our newly initiated brothers will 
testify that those who were present did the honors of the occasion 
Bros. Keck, McCullaugh, Stier and Stevenson were present with 
us, and Bro. McCullaugh acted as legate. We assembled at the 
Quincy House, and after the initiatory services, which began at 7 
p. m., were concluded, we sat down to dinner, which we did not 
leave until after midnight. There were eight men initiated. To 
express our candid opinion of these new brothers would make them 
too vain; so we will consent to simply say they are a fine lot of 
men and the kind to be proud of. It is not necessary to name the 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 57 

brothers and give a detailed account of the new chapter, for we 
hope to see a letter from them in this issue of the Quarterly. 

Everything in Boston is about the same as usual with Iota Mu. 
We have a number of men pledged who are holding off until after 
the semi-annual examination, so that they can find out where they 
will stand. 

It gives us great pleasure to introduce to the Fraternity Edward 
Leber, our last initiated brother. Bro. Leber is from York, Pa., 
and is here at the Institute studying architecture. 

Iota Mu wishes all of her sister chapters a most happy and pros- 
perous New Year. J. Ramsey Speer. 

GAMMA PHI. 

PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE. 

Gamma Phi rejoices in her present prosperity, which is signal- 
ized by the intelligent countenances of sixteen brothers, all of 
whom gather daily around one common board, where — 

" The glad circle 'round them yield their souls 
To festive mirth and wit that knows no gall." 

Having five men on the foot ball team, and among them the 
fleet-footed Capt. C. E. Aull, we tolerate much large talk on that 
subject, and since the pennant of the Central Pennsylvania League 
has been assured to State College, even our hearts are large enough 
to extend a feeling of sympathy to the unsuccessful aspirants. 

It gives us pleasure to record here the introduction into the fra- 
ternity of Bro. Edwin J. Haley, M. S., a graduate of Haverford, 
1890, who is now filling successfully the position of assistant in the 
chemical laboratory at State College. 

Fraters Bohn and Meek frequently pay us short visits and re- 
mind us of the past with the music of their voices. We are always 
glad to welcome faithful Phi Gamms. 

Thus we greet our sister chapters and wish them all prosperity. 

Yours fraternally, 

George C. Butz. 
DELTA XL 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 

In the last issue of the Quarterly we announced the opening 
of the Leland Stanford, Jr., University, but now in connection 



58 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

with it I make an announcement which gives to me and to every 
Fiji, I trust, a greater pleasure. It is the establishment of a new 
sister chapter in that institution. In connection with our annual 
banquet in November we enjoyed the imposing ceremony of in- 
itiating the charter members of our new chapter, Lambda Sigma. 
Although not the first fraternity to enter the L. S. J. U., we were 
a close follower of Phi Kappa Psi and Zeta Psi. 

Bright as has been the past of Phi Gamma Delta in California, 
we feel confident in predicting a brighter future. Like the 
pioneers to every land J. 3. has had more or less difficulty, but she 
profited by her experience, and in her welcome to the new chapter 
A. I. she stands ready to give it the benefit of that experience. The 
establishment of the new chapter is a source of great pleasure to 
Delta Xi, for in it we see much future good. In the first place, 
for several years past the question of a graduate chapter has 
periodically been raised, and has as often been laid on the table 
on account of the scarcity of alumni around the city. Now, how- 
ever, with the annual supply of graduates which J. S. and A. 2' # 
will furnish, the past difficulty will be removed. Again, so far re- 
moved as we are from our Eastern brothers, the subject of attend- 
ance at Conventions has been more or less of an impossibility, but 
now, with two chapters in the West, situated within three hours 1 
ride of each other, the welfare of 0. r. J. will be considered from 
two points of view, Lambda Sigma's and Delta Xi's. 

J. 2. takes pleasure in introducing to the Fraternity our new 
brothers, Gibbons, Dorr, Waterhouse, W. Spiers and Houston, all 
members of '95. With regiet we announce the withdrawal of Bro. 
Hixon, '93, who has entered the law college. At present the chap- 
ter numbers 21, with some men pledged. 

Bro. Norris, '94, has just had published a very beautiful book 
entitled " Yoernelle," a work of which the author may and J. 2. 
does feel justly proud. A French legendary story by the same 
author has just been published in the Christmas number of the 
" Wave," a local weekly. 

In the past month quite a series of college events have rushed 
close upon the heels of one another. On November 14th the 
Sopomore hop afforded the Sophs and their friends a very pleasant 
afternoon ; on November 21st the fall field day gave the Freshmen 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 59 

an opportunity to display their ability as athletes, as they did. On 
the evening of December 16th, the event of the Freshman's life, 
the first Freshman glee took place (all students invited except the 
Sophs and Seniors.) They must have enjoyed themselves, for 
very few were visible at the informal hop given by the U. C. band 
the next day. 

0. r. J. bids fair to become well represented among the educa- 
tors of the West. Bro. Newcomer is professor of English at the 
new university. Bro.^ Henderson, J. £., '90, has accepted a posi- 
tion in the Berkeley gymnasium, and will study for a mastar's de- 
gree at the U. C. Bro. White, J. S. '91, is also at the Berkeley 
gymnasium. Bro. Turner, J. S. '92, is teaching at the deaf and 
dumb asylum. 

Bros. Shephardson, Z., and Rudicel,£., are teaching at the Hop- 
kins Academy in Oakland. Both of these brothers, and also Bro. 
Houtts, ^., have visited us during the term. Bro. Arthur, V. 9 is 
city attorney at Pasadena. 

J. S. sends best wishes for a prosperous New Year to all the 
chapters of 0. r. J. Very fraternally, 

Thos. S. Molloy. 

MU SIGMA. 

UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA. 

Mu Sigma greets her sister chapters, wishing them all a happy 
New Year, and trusts that all of them look forward to the new 
year with as bright prospects as their sister in the North Star State. 
Although several of our members did not return this year, we now 
number an even dozen. 

Allow me to present as loyal Deltas the names of C. P. Berkey 
'91, R. L. Glasby '94, W. H. Campbell and H. Fowler, both of '95. 

We take pride in the fact that our two Seniors, C. P. Berkey and 
A. W. Selover are both members of the Pi Beta Nu Honorary So- 
ciety, composed of five members of the Junior class chosen for schol- 
arship. 

In a social way our chapter stands second to none at the Uni- 
versity, and our parlors are often opened for pleasant gatherings 
of our lady friends. 

Foot ball has received its usual amount of notice here this year. 



60 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Our team played well and still holds the championship of the 
Northwest. Fraternally, 

Arthur E. Huntington. 

ZETA PHI. 

WM. JEWELL COLLEGE. 

We can greet our brethren at this writing with glad hearts, for 
fate has been kind to us since last we met around this dear hearth- 
stone. Every contest entered by a Delta on Field Day was won 
by him, Bro. Avery securing four prizes and Bro. Harry Messick 
one. A member of our chapter won the college medal in decla- 
mation, also the inter-collegiate declamation medal. 

Several of our brothers graduated in the class of '91, among 
whom was Bro. James Muscoe Semple,who was possibly the young- 
est A. M. graduate in the country, was chosen class representative 
and delivered his oration on " Stonewall Jackson "in a manner 
that won the applause of all. He was but 15 years of age. Three 
of five speakers at graduating exercises were Deltas, including the 
valedictorian. 

Our June banquet, at the Reed Springs summer resort, wis a 
complete success. We were pleased to enjoy the presence of quite 
a number of the alumni from Kansas City and other parts of the 
State. 

So far this year we have initiated two men, Walter E. Jackson, 
of Kansas City, and Lewis B. Ely, Jr., of St. Louis. 

Everything seems to point to a prosperous year 

Prof. Simmone, of Wake Forest, and Dr. Smith of Johns-Hop- 
kins, have lately come to us and now occupy a place in the hearts 
of the students, side by side with the men who have labored with 
us so faithfully and so well. Yours in <P. I\ J., 

W. J. Williamson. 

RHO CHI. 

RICHMOND COLLEGE. 

Since our last letter we have had the pleasure of welcoming into 
our midst Bros. W. H. Lyne, Jr., and W. B. Broaddus, both of Vir- 
ginia. 

Bro. Garnett Ryland has been editor-in-chief, and the under- 
signed literary editor of the Messenger, our college monthly. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 6l 

During Thanksgiving week it was our privilege of witnessing the 
University of Virginia-Trinity College N. C. game, in which con- 
test the latter were victorious by a score of 20 to o. It was not 
such a walkover as the score would indicate. The two half-backs 
of the University of Virginia team were Phi Gams, and right nobly 
did they play. Five other Phi Gamms came down with the team, 
and the meeting was indeed pleasant. On the Trinity team there 
were six or seven petitioners to jur Grand Chapter, and a finer 
set of men it does not often fall to one's lot to meet. There was 
not one of them who was not a leader in some sphere of college 
life, and every man, I was informed, wears a medal for scholar- 
ship, oratory or the like. Among them is Tom Daniels, the fastest 
runner and the most popular man in the South. He took cham- 
pionship medals in two events at Cambridge this summer. These 
petitioners examined the merits of all fraternities and decided that 
Phi Gamma Delta was the best. It is the earnest desire of all the 
Southern chapters that this charter will be granted. No fraternity 
there, and over two hundred students; what an opening! A school 
of this stamp in the South ranks with schools of twice and thrice 
that number in the North. We are glad to hear of our Fraternity 
entering Worcester Polytechnic and Leland Stanford, and under- 
stand that lodges will be built for all the fraternities who enter the 
latter. 

With much sorrow we announce the death of Bro. Edwin Winne 
Greaner, a charter member of Rho Chi. He was studying at Cro- 
zer Theological Seminary, and bid fair to become a shining star 
in the world's galaxy. He left a wife to whom he had been mar- 
ried only three months. He is the first of Rho Chi's founders to 
pass away. A movement is on foot to place a suitable memorial 
in our hall. 

We had the pleasure a few days since of a call from Bros. Spots- 
wood, Hall and Nicholas, most enthusiastic Phi Gamms, of Hamp- 
deu-Sidney College, Va. Harry S. Corey. 

TriETA PSI. 

COLGATE UNIVERSITY. 

Theta Psi, with pleasure, sends greetings to her sister chapters. 
It is always pleasant to tall go jJ n*ws *n4 to speak of success. We 



6a PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

have had, since entering our new home, nothing save good fortune. 
After rooming three months in our new chapter house, we find 
ourselves knit closer together, and are not merely brothers by or- 
ganization, but brothers of one family. The prosperity of one is 
the prosperity of all much more now than when we roomed in dif- 
ferent places. 

Since the issue of the last Quarterly three of our brothers have 
left Colgate. They are: Brothers E. H. Johnson, '93, H. T. 
Stevenson, '94, andO. M. Bucklin, '95. Brother Stevenson intends 
returning in the spring, if his health permits. 

Theta Psi has added to her ranks two new men, and takes pleas- 
ure in presenting to you Brothers W. D. Goddard of '94, who took 
his Freshman year at Brown; his parents moving to Hamilton, he 
finishes his course at Colgate, He has already begun to take an 
active part in the work and will be among those who will make 
Theta Psi, although the youngest, the best chapter at Colgate Un- 
iversity; and also Brother E. H. Woodruff, '95, one of our young- 
est members, whom we are sure will be an honor to our chapter. 

All of our new men are giving abundant evidence that we have 
made no mistake in inviting them to become our brothers. 
Some stand at the head of their classes, and it is acknowledged 
that Theta Psi has the cream of the Freshman class. 

To those brothers remaining at Colgate during the Thanksgiving 
holidays, Theta Psi gave a banquet that made those of us who had 
to remain not at all envious of our more fortunate brethren who 
went to their respective homes. From the pleasantry and enjoy- 
ment shown by the after-dinner speeches we might almost say our 
absent brothers were unfortunate. 

Theta Psi, on the evening of December 10, opened for the first 
time her parlors to her young lady friends. We are proud of our 
parlors and are never tired of showing them. 

Our foot ball team has won every game played in the Inter-Col- 
legiate Foot Ball Association, thereby gaining the pennant. We 
are proud of Colgate's success in athletics. When our gymnasium 
is built we hope to tell of even greater victories. 

Bro. DesAntels, our delegate to the Pittsburg convention, gave 
us an interesting outline of the reports of the sister chapters, and 
delighted us by the almost universal reports of prosperity. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 63 

Hoping that prosperous is the only term that can be applied to 
every 0. r. J. chapter, we remain, 

Fraternally yours, 

Charles W. Haines. 

PI IOTA. 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE. 

To the Quarterly and all sister chapters throughout the land 
Pi Iota sends her natal greetings. 

Eight men of one mind, that of becoming loyal brothers of Phi 
Gamma Delta, late in November proceeded from Worcester to 
Boston, were initiated and banqueted in a most pleasing and 
brotherly manner by Iota Mu of the M. I. T., assisted by brothers 
from many other chapters. 

Our chapter members are Albert E. Culley, /7., Hugh M. South- 
gate, E. 9 Fred A. Morse, T., William Nelson, JT. A., all of '62; Will- 
iam N. Stark, /., and Richard C. Cleveland, C. E., of '93; William 
F. Burleigh, '92, and Ralph L. Morgan, '94. 

Since our birth we have prospered reasonably well ; have pro- 
ceeded and furnished a bright and cosy room, established by laws, 
etc., initiated one new brother, Victor N. Cushman, and have en- 
joyed ourselves together generally as brothers should. 

Phi Gamma Delta being at present the only fraternity in the 
Institute, we have a good broad field from which to procure mem- 
bers, and already have four desirable men pledged, who will join 
us directly after the Xmas vacation. Many more men could easily 
be procured, but it is at present, and is ever going to be Pi Iota's 
aim to procure quality and not quantity for its chapter, and if our 
growth is not rapid if will be a healthy one, and our chapter will 
be one that the entire fraternity may look upon with pride. 

The students at large are all eagerly looking forward to the Xmas 
vacation of two weeks ; '93 in particular looking farther ahead to 
the "half-way-through M banwuet, a week or two later, which is 
the event of all events in our college life at the institute. 

In closing, Pi Iota wishes to tender her warmest acknowledge- 
ments for the kind letters of greetings and congratulations from 
many of the sister chapters. Yours fraternally, 

R. C. Cleveland. 



64 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

LAMBDA SIGMA. 

LELAND STANFORD, JR., UNIVERSITY. 

As all the readers of the Quarterly know, last October a new 
university came into existence out here in California, " full-armed," 
and almost simultaneously was born a new chapter of Phi Gamma 
Delta. To her many sisters Lambda Sigma sends greeting. 

The success of Leland Stanford, Jr., University has surpassed 
the most sanguine expectations of its worthy founders and other 
friends. Four hundred and seventy-five students have already been 
enrolled. Of these thirty are Seniors, twenty-five Juniors, twenty- 
five Sophomores, the remainder being Freshmen, with the excep- 
tion of about twenty graduate students. 

The accommodations in the dormitories and class rooms are 
taxed to their utmost capacity. The erection of more dormitories 
will be undertaken in the early spring. President Jordon has 
already found it necessary to employ a much larger faculty than 
was thought sufficient for the first year, and there are " more to 
follow." Among the latest arrivals is Prof. Newcomer, originally 
from Michigan University, and a brother in Phi Gamma Delta. 

Lambda Sigma partakes of the robust young life of the univer- 
sity; her members take the high ideals of Phi Gamma Delta as 
their ideals. To them the future is bright indeed. Eleven men 
have already been initiated, and two or three more in all prob- 
ability will be taken in before the year is out. The members are 
all in the flood tide of college life, and are well represented in the 
officers of the various student organizations which have sprung into 
existence. 

To Bro. Schutte, our enthusiastic and untiring section chief, we 
owe a debt of gratitute for his efforts in our behalf, and the many 
kindnesses of our powerful sister in the University of California, 
Delta Xi have sent us on our way rejoicing. C. C. Hughes. 



DELTA GOSSIP. 65 



DELTA GOSSIP. 



Harry Pratt, N. J. '90, is attending Chicago College of Law. 

W. L. Thickston, A. J. '88, is winning laurels on the staff of the 
Omaha Bee. 

A. S. Fichthorne, of S., is pastor of the Lutheran church, at 
Tyrone, Pa. 

Harry C. Bennett A. J. '91 is bookkeeper for Mead and Coe, 
Major block, Chicago. 

S. W. Eagleson, P. A. '91, has recently been elected to the di- 
rectorship of the Barnesville, O., public schools. 

Monroe Warner, K. N. '%%, has been recently appointed U. S. 
Deputy Surveyor, and is located in his profession in South Dakota. 

Edward A. Ross, B. M. '92, of Indiana State University, has an 
article in the November Arena entitled: " Turning Towards Nir- 
vana." 

The Home Electric Light Company, of Tyrone, Pa., has elected 
Joseph W. Reeves, of Gamma Phi, as its superintendent and gen- 
eral manager. 

Rev. R. T. Weidner E. J. and H. W. Roth, D. D. E. J. have 
been elected professors in the newly organized Lutheran Theolog- 
ical Seminary, Chicago. 

Will W.Weare,*V. J., '90, is engaged in real-estate in Chicago. His 
elegant suburban home at Morton Park is graced by many memen- 
toes of active chapter life. 

Mr. Ed. L. Mattern, r. 90, has given up the profession of jour- 
nalism and has settled down to the study of his chosen profession 
— law — in his father's office at Huntingdon, Pa. 

M. W. Bohn, E. A. '84, is now superintendent of the Union Roof- 
ing Company, Altoona, Pa. Bro. R. G. Davies, of «T. A. has 
charge of the firm's slate quarries at Slatington, Pa. 



66 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

H. F. Day, V. '76, formerly of Day Bros., wholesale dry goods, 
Peoria, is new an exclusive jobber in woolens at 221 Fifth Avenue, 
Chicago, with offices also in New Y< rk and Philadelphia. 

D. F. Garland, 3. '90, is pastor of the Lutheran Church of the 
Reformation, Baltimore, Md. The church, since Bro. Garland 
assumed the pastorate, has steadily gained in numbers and strength. 

Harvey W. Brown, of //. J., has recently been appointed to a 
five thousand dollar position under the Smithsonian Institute and 
has been assigned to important work in Africa to carry on certain 
investigations of the Institute. 

Rev. Geo. D. Lindsey P. J. '86, was lately called to the pastor- 
ate of the First Presbyterian Churc, of Pullman, 111., one of Chi- 
cago's handsomest suburbs. He left his former charge at Ionia, 
Mich., to assume his new duties August 1. 

The many friends of Bro. Meade D. Detweiler, Xi, will be pleased 
o learn of his recent marriage to Miss Bertha Hoffer, of Harris- 
burg. The Quarterly adds its warmest congratulations to those 
of Bro. Detweiler's many fraternity friends. 

Wm. W. Clay, T. '79, is an architect at 218 La Salle street, Chi- 
cago. It is said Clay charges " Deltas M half price only for plans, 
but from the amount of work ahead in his office he will not need 
to charge them anything, and yet have enough. 

Dr. E. B. Heckel, //. '87, has been elected assistant professor of 
opthalmology in the West Penn Hospital Medical College at Pitts- 
burg, Pa. Bros. Markley, C. Cameron, L. V. Grove and J. B. 
Wood, also of //., are likewise connected with the institution. 

Kappa Alpha, Phi Kappa Psi, Phi Gamma Delta, Kappa Sigma 
are flourishing here and are all growing. Sigma Chi has three 
members. Phi Delta Theta has but one and he will probably not 
grow. — Washington and Lee correspondent Sigma Mu Delta. 

Mr. Henry E. Riggs, fl. J. '86, whose enthusiastic labors in the 
Fraternity during the past nine years have been highly appreciated 
by his brethren, is now Chief Engineer of the Toledo, Ann Arbor 
and North Michigan Railway, and is located at Toledo, Ohio. 



DELTA GOSSIP. 67 

I. H. Rockwell, M. D., P. '86, is engaged with the Equitable 
Life, in Chicago, as medical examiner, at a handsome salary. His 
elegant offices in the Chamber of Commerce building are always 
open to Deltas with a welcome as cordial as the rooms are inviting. 

Dr. Wm. B. McCord, T. J. '88, is practicing his chosen profes- 
sion — dentistry — with more than usual success. Some of his recent 
contributions to dental literature have been widely copied. His 
pleasant and handsome office, home and wife are all together at 
3255 State Street, Chicago. 

In a recent copy of the Quarterly journal of Economics appeared 
an article by David Kinley H. M. '93 on " Recent Results of Profit 
Sharing Abroad.' ' Mr. Kinley is also engaged upon a history of 
the sub-treasury system, soon to be published, and is a frequent 
contributor to the New York Independent. 

Rev. E. M. McMillan, of Rho Deuteron, is pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Gilsen City, 111., and was one of the recent 
speakers at the Illinois State Convention of the Y. P. S. C. E. 
Brother McMillan is identified with his fraternity as ever, and his 
enthusiasm for the cause remains unabated. 

T. D. Allin, J. £., is actively engaged at engineering work, the 
greater part of which is " Irrigation engineering " in Los Angeles, 
San Bernardino and San Diego counties. In a letter to the Quar- 
terly he says : " Although very busy I always have time to read 
the Quarterly, and also time to lay for new men for <P. I\ A. 11 

Bro. C. W. Fuller, // '86, has recently been admitted to the bar, 
and is now associated with Mr. Henry C. Ranney, of Cleveland, 
O. His address is Rooms 532-535 Society for Savings Building. 
If "Clip's" devotion to the law is as constant as it has ever been 
to his Fraternity, we can prophesy unbounded success to his efforts. 

James L. A. Burrell, M. D. 3. '74, a leading physician in Will- 
iamsport, Pa., died on Saturday, October 24th, aged 42 years. 
Doctor Burrell graduated from Pennsylvania College in the class 
of 1874, taking the second honor, and has always been highly re- 
spected, bo-h for his character and ability, by all who knew him. 
— Lutheran Observer 



68 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Dr. J. Homer Coulter, A. M. Ph. D., P. J., formerly of Peoria, 
Ills., has located in Chicago, 307 Inter-Ocean building, where he 
will be happy to welcome either resident or transient " Deltas." 
His contributions to medical literature have been very popular and 
widely copied. His latest is a small volume on the subject, "Nasal 
and Pharyngeal Neoplasms," just gone to press. 

Psi, we modestly remark, still maintains her prominence in 
Wooster. Of our competitors, <P. T. J. and H. 6. II. 9 are our strong- 
est competitors. I. X. is very low, in spite of her alumni in the 
faculty; 6. K. V., too, is not thriving, as far as number is an indica- 
tion. A. T. Q. 9 though a young chapter here, is getting along 
nicely, and has some strong men. — Wooster correspondent J. T. J. 
Rainbow. 

From an announcement issued by the University Extension 
Bureau of the State of Indiana, we learn that Dr. James A. Wood- 
burn, of Zeta, and Dr. E A. Ross, of Beta Mu, have been engaged 
to deliver a series of parallel lectures on American History and 
Administration, and on Political Economy and Social Science. 
Both are members of the faculty of the University of Indiana. The 
former, Brother Woodburn, has recently issued a work which has 
attracted considerable commendation on the " History of Educa- 
tion in Indiana." 

Mr. Chas. M. Kurtz, A. '78, editor of the National Academy 
Notes, America's most important fine art publication, has recently 
been tendered, and accepted the appointment of first assistant 
director of the Department of Fine Arts at the Columbian Exposi- 
tion. The appointment is a well-merited recognition. of the ability 
of Bro. Kurtz. He is now in Chicago prepan tory to assuming the 
duties of his new position, the importance and extent of which can 
scarcely be comprehended. His present address is 90S Pullman 
building. 

From the Richmond News we clip the following in regard to 
Bro. W. Penick Shclton, ft. '91 : "Every man in Richmond knows 
1 Nut ' Shelton He was raised here and years ago was a popular 
1 First-street cat .' * Nut ' was formerly a student at Richmond 
College, and even in those days showed his skill as an athlete. He 



DELTA GOSSIP. 69 

is a superb swimmer, a clever base-ballist, and, best of all, a tip- 
top left-half. Though short in statue and only weighing 135 
pounds, he is one mass of muscle and strength. He has already 
distinguished himself on the team, and Princeton is said to be 
eager to have him. Shelton is one of the most popular boys every- 
where he goes, and it would take him a week to count his friends." 

Brother John Edgerton, one of those to whom Gamma Deuteron 
owes her present proud position, has severed his connection with 
his chapter and gone West to grow up with the country. In a re- 
cent personal letter to the Quarterly Brother Edgerton, in speak- 
ing of his desire of again meeting some Phi Gamms, says : 

" It was March last when I left '•' the boys" of Gamma Deuteron 
for Montana. I have thrown myself in with the tide, for here all 
things tends toward prosperity. I was connected with the Second 
National Bank at Helena until October, when I came here. These 
are young and promising gold mines, and I enjoy my work and 
myself very much. Thus am I now situated. Any and all brothers 
traveling this way will bring delight and joy to my heart if they 
make their presence known so that I can do what is possible to add 
profit and pleasure to their journey. Inquiry at Gardiner will de- 
velop full knowledge of my whereabouts, together with directions 
for getting here." 

In referring to the contest for the vacant " Supreme Justice- 
ship" of Pennsylvania, the Philadelphia Inquirer of the 25th 
ultimo., says of one of the most prominent Deltas of North West- 
ern Pennsylvania: 

*' Pattison's appointment of Heydrick, of Venango, to succeed 
the late Justice Clark, has given friends of Western Republican 
candidates a strong lever with which to press arguments in favor of 
the nomination of a Republican living west of the mountains, for 
the supreme judgeship. 

" Right in the center of the oil belt leading Republicans have 
brought out one of the best known men in that section of the state* 
Judge John J. Henderson, //, '62, of Crawford, whom they present 
as a specially available competitor for the Democrat of an adjoin- 
ing county, who will undoubtedly be the nominee on the other 

side. Judge Henderson is president judge of the Thirtieth 
district, 



70 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

» 

" The movement in favor of his nomination for the supreme 
bench has evidently very strong backing. Letters have been re- 
ceived by members of the bar in Mcadville from well-known lawyers 
and other active Republicans of Crawford, Venango, Warren, Erie, 
Mercer and other northwestern counties, soliciting support of his 
candidacy. 

"It seems that the Republican members of the Crawford county 
bar have a committee at work, as the result of a recent meeting, 
at which Judge Henderson was eulogized "as a man fitted by rare 
natural endowment, liberal culture, extensive legal acquirements 
and approved judical experience to adorn a seat on the supreme 
bench. " F. P.Ray, Pi '60, is chairman, and B. B. Pickett, Jr., secre- 
tary of the committee directing the canvass. Judge Henderson was 
indentified with the Stewart Independent movement. His ability 
and popularity finally compelled recognition from the Stalwarts, 
who now find it good policy to fully appreciate the growing 
strength of the Independent vote in the Northwest. 



DEL TAS. 



MARIETTA. 

The numerous friends of the late Dr. Beach, '58, for many years 
connected with his alma mater as one of her most efficient instruc- 
tors, have erected to his memory a handsome monumentas a slight 
token of their esteem for him and his family. 

Rev. George R. Gear, D. D. '67, a member of the Board of Trus- 
tees of Marietta College, has been elected President of that body, 
pending the securing of a college President, which office is now 
vacant. Bro. Gear is a talked-of candidate for the permanent 
Presidency. 

Prof. A. M. Matton, '80, has for several months been engaged 
in establishing a Presbyterian Academy at Goodland, Ind. His 
efforts have been successful and he will now assume the principal- 
ship of the new institution. 

Robert Richardson, '85, is city editor of the Marietta Times. 



DELTAS. 7» 

T. E. McKinney, '87, professor of mathematics in his alma mater, 
is the youngest member of the faculty. 

Prof Matson, '88, is one of the most successful instructors in 
the Marietta city schools. 

Rev. W. M. Reese is located at Frankfort, Ohio. His charge is 
prosperous. 

Thomas Cisler, '89, in partnership with his father, is engaged 
in the manufacture of pressed brick. Their plant is on the out- 
skirts of Marietta, and is one of the most thoroughly equipped and 
successfully operated works of the kind in this part of the state. 

Prof. J. C. Barnes, '90, is principal of the high school at Belpre, 
Ohio. 

John Kaiser, '90, has a responsible position with an extensive 
oil well supply house in this city. 

George M. Gear, '90, is well situated in Chicago with the Ameri- 
can Book Company. 

R. A. Shaw, '90, is reading law with a firm in Lowville, N. Y. 

George M. Plummer, '90, is principal of the schools at Owens- 
borough, Ky. 

BUCKNELL. 

J.'9o— Wm. Courson, of Crozer Theological Seminary, has been 
called to the pastorate of the Baptist Church, Lower Providence, 
Pa. This is one of the oldest churches in the Philadelphia Bap- 
tist Association, which recently held its 184th anniversary. 

J. J. Woodruff, J. '90, is a student in the Theological depart- 
ment of Franklin and Marshall. 

L. Schroyer, Esq., J. '90, has been elected principal of the 
Middleburg, Pa., public schools. 

W. A. Farrow, J. '90, has resigned as principal of the Shamo- 
kin, Pa., public schools on account of ill health. 

J. '91 — Herbert C. Donat has charge of the English department 
in Prickett's School of Commerce, Philadelphia, Pa. 

C. K. Newell, J. ex- '91, besides being pastor of a church and 



7« PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

pursuing his studies at Crozer Theological Seminary, is station 
agent of the P. W. & B. R. R. at Upland, Pa. 

Rev. J. S. Braker, J. *88, presides over the Passqunk Baptist 
Church, Philadelphia, Pa., and resides at 2017 South Broad 
Street. 

ROANOKE. 

R. B. Peery, '90, graduates this year at the Gettysburg Seminary, 
Gettysburg, Penn. He was lately chosen to represent that body 
at a convention held at Nashville, Tenn. 

Frank B. Trotter, '90, is professor of modern languages in some 
West Virginia college. He soon hopes to enter Yale where he will 
complete his studies. 

F. L. Uay, '91, is preaching at Roanoke, Va. He is a fine pulpit 
orator and is doing a good work. 

J. P. Woods, '92, was appointed tax collector last year for Ro- 
anoke county. Jim is a popular young man and does well his 
work. 

Edward Armstrong, '90, is studying medicine at University of 
Virginia. 

R. M. Kelly, '91, who graduated at the head of his class, having 
entered into partnershsp with his father, now manufactures plows 
at Longview, Texas. 

Rev. J. A. B. Scherer, '90, ex-section chief, has been making 
some fine missionary addresses throughout the Southern states. 
He sails for the foreign field on February 1st. 

OHIO WESLEYAN. 

O. T. Corson, late with Gimm & Co., was elected State School 
Commissioner for Ohio, on the Republican ticket at the fall elec- 
tion. 

B. L. McElroy, '83, is pastor of a flourishing M. E. Church in 
Portsmouth, O. 

W. C. Vance, '83, was recently elected superintendent of the 
Urbana, O., schools. 



DELTAS. 73 

A. A. Sayre, '85, preaches at Lewis Center, O. 

R. H. Schoonover, '88, is professor of languages at Ada College. 

W. J. Truesdale, '89, occupies the chair of Latin in the Cleve- 
land high school. 

J. R. Ewing, '90, is a professor in Ottawa University, Kansas. 

H E. Cook, '90, is professor of natural science in Troy Confer- 
ence Academy, Poultney, Vt. 

WILLIAM JEWELL. 

C. W. Downing, Z, 0., occupies a chair in Howard Payne Col- 
lege, Texas. 

Claude Dewitt Kelly, Z.<P. '91, is pastor of First Baptist Church, 
Leavenworth. Kansas. 

F. Trimble, Z. $., is practicing law in Liberty, Mo., now city 
attorney. 

Y. P. Roth well, Z. #., is touring in Europe, making a thorough 
study of French and German. 

RICHMOND. 

F. F. Causey, '91 (B. A. Harvard), final orator at Richmond 
College,^, winner of orator's medal '91, and also winner of ora- 
tor's medal at University of^Virginia, is practicing law in Hampton, 
Va. A brilliant career is marked out for this gifted young orator. 

Wheeler Boggess, '91, is attending Columbian University, Wash* 
ington, D. C. 

Merwin Branch, '91, is in business in Richmond, Va, 

Jno. G. Winston, '91, (M. H.) is reading law in Richmond, Va. 

John E. Etchison, Jr , '91, is with the Woonsocket Rubber Com- 
pany, Baltimore, Md. 

INDIANA. 

1876 — Dr. Woodburn's book, " A History of Higher Education 
in Indiana," has been published lately by the Educational Depart- 
ment at Washington. It reflects great credit on the author. 

1889 — F. B. Dresslar started out at the beginning of this college 



74 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

year as principal of the Oakland (Cal.) Academy. After a month 
there he was engaged as instructor in Leland Stanford, Jr., Uni- 
versity. After another month he received a scholarship from Clark 
University and he is now there pursuing advanced studies. 

1890 — E. W. Bohannon has just been elected principal of the 
Pekin, Ills., high school and took charge January 1st, '92. 

1888 — J. F. Benham is now a successful physician with his fa- 
ther at Richmond, Ind. 

1888 — John Cravens, clerk of Monroe county, Indiana, was 
lately married to Miss Emma Lucille Kreugar, at her home in this 
city. 

1890 — J. E. Shepardson is now professor of mathematics in the 
Oakland Academy, California. 

CALIFORNIA. 

'87. A. V. Geaz, A. B., also of Lambda Deuteron,is now cashier 
for T. I. Waterhouse, shipper and importer, Honolulu, H. I. 

'88. I. I. Brown, A. B., is now a practicing attorney at 310 Pine 
street, San Francisco. 

'89. John H. Schutte, A. B., is in business at i49-i5oValencing 
street, in the line of wooden mantles, tiles and grates. His office 
is the general headquarters of the 'Frisco alumni of 0. r. J. 

'90. Thomas D. Allin, B. S., is still surveying in Pasodena, Cal. 

'90. F. Elmer Rich, Ph. B., has embarked in the commission 
business at Los Angelos, Cal. 

'90. E. N. Henderson, Ph. B., is teaching at Laurel Hall, San 
Matea. 

'91. H. A. Fisk, B. L., is pastor of San Publo Avenue Baptist 
Church, Oakland. 

•91. F. A. Juilliard, B. L., is in county clerk's office, Santa 
Rosa, Cal. 

'91. P. L. Weaver, Ph. B., is a collector in Oakland. 

'91. John H. White, B. L., is teaching at the Berkeley gym- 
nasium. « 



HELLENIC HAPPENINGS. 75 

'82. George F. Schorr, Ph. B., is still editor of Northwestern 
Tribune at Spokane Falls, Washington. He has organized an 
alumni association of <P. r. J., which meets at his house every 
month. Among the members are H. W. Stratton, A. '56; John 
Heaton, A. 0. '88; H. L. Weed, J. 5. '82; James C. Cosgrove; W: 
L. Ridpath, A. '78. 



HELLENIC HAPPENINGS. 



Delta Upsilon, it is rumored, is about to enter Ohio Wesleyan 
University. 

Sigma Chi, Sigma Phi and Zeta Psi are building chapter houses 
at Cornell. 

Sigma Nu has recently increased her northern wing by entering 
Purdue University. 

Gamma Phi Beta held its annual convention at Ann Arbor, De- 
cember 2, 3 and 4. 

Phi Delta Theta has withdrawn her charter from the College of 
the City of New York. 

Colgate University, by the recent generous donation of J. B. Col- 
gate, has a fund of £1,234,000.' 

Beta Theta Pi has entered Yale University on a university basis, 
as adopted by our own Nu Deuteron chapter. 

Kappa Alpha has also entered^the University of Missouri and re- 
viewed her moribund chapter at the State University of Texas. 

Sigma Nu has recently revived her Beta chapter at the Univer- 
sity of Virginia with five charter members, all from the professional 
departments. 

Th* Kippa Alp'ia ^^.i/mw appears bi-monthly, but from the 
old trained hands of Brother Keeble, which have made it such a 
success in the past. 



76 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Delta Tau Delta has followed Theta Delta Chi into Williams 
College. The new chapter has taken a house, but for the present 
is running sub-rosa. 

Psi Upsilon is about to erect a 1 15,000 chapter house at Brown 
University. This is the first move of this kind at Brown, owing to 
the dormitory system which obtains there. 

During the 0. J. 0. convention in Atlanta the chapter house 
occupied by the Wisconsin University chapter was destroyed by 
fire. All of the chapter records were lost. 

Lehigh University, owing to the press of demands for greater 
expenditures, has determined to charge tuition fees of $100 in the 
technical courses and £60 in the classical and academic. 

The recent Boston convention of Delta Upsilon granted a char- 
ter to a body of petitioners at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology who have been seeking admittance for some time. 

Our friends of the Greek Press have confidently announced 
chapters of Phi Gamma Delta as established, or about to be, at 
Leland Stanford, Jr., New York University, West Virginia Uni- 
versity and Franklin Marshall College. 

By the Sigma Nu Delta correspondent from Washington and 
Lee, the chapter of <P. J. S. there is reported to be reduced to one 
man, as are the chapters of the same fraternity at Richmond Col- 
lege and University of North Carolina. 

It is an interesting fact that of the 355 colleges and universities, 
reporting to the National Bureau of Education at Washington, 204 
are co-educational. Women at present constitute 55 per cent, of 
the under-graduates in this country. — Ex. 

Allegheny College possesses a set of petitioners who are aiming 
at Sigma Chi. From the present crowded condition of the institu- 
tion it is to be doubted if another chapter would reflect any great 
honor, either on the fraternity itself or the Greek world. 

Yale University has dropped about twenty- five per cent, of the 
Freshmen in the scientific department, making the present size of 



HELLENIC HAPPENINGS. 77 

the class in that department 198. The excuse given is a desire to 
raise the standard, looking toward a four years' course instead of 
three. 

Alpha Tau Omega is agitating the establishment of a Fraternity 
Club Housj at Chicago to be kept open during the World's Fair. 
Phi Gamma Delta already has a committee on the field to secure 
such headquarters, which shall serve as a rendezvous for all Deltas 
who may journey thither during the celebration. 

The directors of the Chicago University have just concluded the 
purchase of the most valuable library in the European market at 
the present time. Pope's famous library was collected by Dr. 
Simons, who has been untiring in his efforts during a long period of 
years. It is comprised of 350,000 volumes, and 120,000 pamphlets. 
The cost is $75,000. 

As a memorial to the munificent gift of Mr. John McCoy, of 
Baltimore, to the Johns Hopkins University, a new building is 
soon to be erected, containing an assembly hall and seminaries for 
the departments of history, political economy, the classics and the 
modern longuages. The building will probably be ready for oc- 
cupancy in October next. 

Kappa Alpha (Southern) recently organized a chapter at Johns 
Hopkins University. Inasmuch as it is as yet composed wholly of 
transfers from other colleges and has initiated no undergraduates, 
it gives promise of being about as active as the chapter of Kappa 
Sigma established at the same institution a year ago, but which has 
never chirped since it broke the shell. 

The catalogue of the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity was pre- 
sented to the fraternity at the last regular convention by its com- 
piler, Clay W. Holmes, the editor of the Shield. The entire pub- 
lication was compiled and printed in the incredibly short space of 
eight months, and yet Phi Gamma Delta has been laboring over 
hers for the past three years, and it is still far from ready for de- 
livery. 

John F. Newman, of New York, one of the bsst fraternity jew. 
elry manufacturers in the country, a^d & member of Phi Camaia 



78 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Delta, died early in the summer, while in search of health in Col- 
orado. His business will be continued for Mrs. Newman, by Mr. 
Edwards, who had been with Mr. Newman for some eight years, 
and is in every way competent to carry it on successfully. — 0.J.J. 
Shield 

Phi Delta Theta, at her recent Atlanta convention, granted a 
charter to the new Leland Stanford University at Palo Alto, Cal. 
According to the Wooster (O.) Voice, a charter was also established 
at Princeton College, the validity of which report we greatly ques- 
tion, inasmuch as a chapter at Princeton, in the present state of 
college opinion, even were the ban removed, would have a very 
precarious existence. 

The Biennial Convention of Phi Delta Theta, held at Atlanta, 
Ga., October 19-23, adopted a flag, a button, a flower and a yell. 
The latter is as follows : 

Rah! Rah! Rah! 

Phi-Kei-a 

Phi Delta Theta, 

Rah! Rah! Rah! 

Leland-Stanford, Jr. University at Palo Alto, Cal., endowed 
with $20,000,00 by Senator Stanford, opened with 440 students, 
and there was a great rush of fraternities to occupy the new field. 
Phi Delta Theta, Zeta Psi, and Phi Gamma Delta have established 
chapters. Phi Kappa Psi has almost her entire university of the 
Pacific chapter there, and is preparing to organize a new chapter, 
as also is Beta Theta Pi. Senator Stanford has agreed to build 
chapterhouses for all fraternities which locate there. — Kappa Alpha 
Journal. 

Alpha Delta Phi, in accordance with dame rumor's report, has 
issued from her conservatism and entered Minnesota University. 
This is the second chapter Alpha Delta Phi has granted in many 
years, the last being her Johns Hopkins chapter, chartered in 1889. 
Just what is the import of the recent westward movements of Psi 
Upsiion and Alpha Delta Phi, it is difficult to determine. It 
is significant that even they are coming to realize that as the 
centre of population and wealth pursues the setting sun westward. 



HELLENIC HAPPENINGS. 79 

the Western college must rise to greater influence and power, and 
that the New England colleges in a few years must resign the 
eminence which they have so long held. 

Alpha Tau Omega, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, and Sigma Nu, in 
their promiscuous wanderings northward, have unearthed the fol- 
lowing colleges (?) hitherto unknown to the Greek world. Alpha 
Tau Omega has found Haverford somewhere in Pennsylvania. 
Sigma Nu has discovered Cornell College in Iowa, and Des Moines 
College in Iowa. Two discoveries in the South are credited to 
Sigma Nu — Howard College, Birmingham, and Missouri Valley 
College. At Cornell (Iowa) and Missouri Valley, unappreciative 
faculties were encountered, and the youthful chapters nipped in 
the bud. Sigma Alpha Epsilon has stumbled upon Findlay Col- 
lege, in Ohio, and Grove City College, in Pennsylvania. The Phi 
Gamma Delta Quarterly speaks of the last mentioned place as a 
" monohippic institution that would bear unfavorable comparison 
with a second-rate high school." — Kappa Alpha ^Journal. 



8o 



PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 



Initiation Returns. 



ALPHA. 
'94. Harry Albert Bell, Butler, Pa. 

ETA. 
Joseph W. Smith. 

EPSfLON. 

'95. Charles Whitehurst Home, Clay- 
ton, N. C. 

»95. William Clarence Klutz, Salis- 
bury, N. C 

'95. John Moore Julian, Salisbury, 
N C. 

'85. Harllee MacCall, Statesville, N C. 

ZETA. 

Oliver M. Cosner. 
Arnold Akester. 
John F. Clifford. 
James W. Baker. 
James Hamilton Rudical. 
Frank Ben Nesbitt. 
Walter Emmett Hottell. 
James Benjamin Wilson. 

LAMBDA. 

'71. Herbert Hunt, Greencastle, Ind. 

'93. Benjamin C. Miller, Greencastle, 
Ind. 

'93. Clarence A. Cook, Evansville, 
Ind. 

'94. Thomas Robert Crowder, Sulli- 
van, Ind. 

'94. Alvah T. Brockway, Greencastle, 
Ind. 

'94. Chester Graves Browne, Ander- 
son, Ind. 

'94. Joseph Alexander Wright, Scipio, 
Ind. 

Frank Barker Shutts. 

Charles E. Wilkinson. 

Henry Stetson Tribby. 

OMICKON. 

•90. John Tyler Richards, Louisville, 
Ky. 

'91. Paul Cochran Ricbaids, Louis- 
ville, Pa. 

'90. Alexander Cameron, Richmond, 
Va. 



•91. 
'90. 

•91. 
'90. 

'95- 

'95- 

'95- 
'95- 

•91. 
•92. 
'92. 

'94 

'94- 

'94- 

'94- 
'92. 

'94- 



•91. 
'94 
'94 
'94- 



Burr Howard Richards, Jr., Balti- 
more, Md. 

John Martin Foster, Shreveport, 
La. 

William Chilton Huston, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Charles Robert Skinker, Jr., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

PI. 

John Sasher Nesbit, Utica, Pa. 
TAU. 

William Taggert McCoy, Han- 
over, Ind. 

J. Edgar White, Versailles, Ind. 

Leonard Worcester Williams, 
Muskogee, I. T. 

OMEGA. 

Harvey Prescott Beach, New York 
City. 

John Kennedy Erskine, Jr., Bos- 
ton, Mass. 

Walter Scott Beadles, Jackson- 
ville, 111 

John Van Blarco-n Demarest, New 
York City. 

Ernest Valentine Hubbard, New 
York City. 

John Raymond Chrisholm, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 

John Danforth Mairs, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Frederic Joseph Swift, Brooklyn, 
N Y. 

PSI. 

George Thomas Moore, Indian- 
apolis. Ind. 
Harry W. Duckworth. 
Waiu-r Elkin Kosebro. 

GAMMA DEUTERON. 

Alva John Cady, Galesburg, I1L 
Harvey B Garrett, Aledo, III. 
Frank J. Standard, Lewiston, 111. 
Wilberforce Hurburt Young, Up- 
per Alton, 111. 
Charles A. Gridley. 
Victor Hugo Bassett. 



INITIATION RETURNS. 



8l 



ZETA DEUTERON. 

'91. James Bell Bullett, Louisville, Ky. 
'91. William Henry Manning, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

LAMBDA DEUTERON. 

Charles Edwin Barker. 
Clarence Elmer Kephart. 
Olof Harold Rask. 

NU DEUTERON. 

'91. Samuel Stone Hotchkiss, Hart- 
ford, Conn. 

'93. Solomon Christi Mead, New 
Haven, Conn. 

'93. William Morris Wylie, New York. 

'95. Charles Milton Edwards. 

'95. Eugene R. Willord. 

'95. Frank Lee, West Indies. 

OMICRON DEUTERON. 

'92. Walter Charles Polk, New 
Vienna, O. 

'93. Adam Amos Serva, North Indus- 
try, O. 

'94. Ralph B. Tate, Cincinnati, O. 

'95. Thaddeus Cox Dunlap, Columbus, 
O. 

•95. William E. Sarver, Carlton, O- 

'95. Herman Howard Wolf, Carlton, 
O. 

'95. Charles Dickens West, Carlton, O. 

'95. Edward Livingstone Pease, Col- 
umbus, O. 

'95. Guy Tingley Meek, Columbus, O. 

'95. Alva Newton Wilcox, Day ion, O. 

'95. Sanford Bonner Belden, Dayton, 
O. 

SIGMA DEUTERON. 

'91. Herbert Lloyd Thomas, Phillips- 
burg, N J. 
'91. William Silver, Glenville, Md. 
'91. Daniel Hulshizer Martin, Doyles 

town, Pa. 
'92. John Burrough Draven, New 

town, Pa 
'92. James Abby Henderson, Rock 

ville, Md. 
'93. John Edgar Fretz, Doyles town 

Pa. 
'93. Edwin Carlyle Bloombergh, Eas 

ton Pa. 
'94. Samuel Billings Munson, Pitts 

burgb, Pa. 
'94. Edwin Way Gearhart, Scran ton 

Pa. 
'94. John Charles Graham, Butler, Pa. 



'94. James Graham Hardy, Easton, 
Pa 

'94. Dwight Lathrop Crane, Carbon- 
dale, Pa. 

'95. John Henry Spackman. 

'95. William Clayton Hackett, Easton, 
Pa. 

'95. Wirt Dexter Brigham. 

'95* John Madison Kinkead. 

'95. Charles Edward Bartlett. 

'95. Stephen Stone. 

ALPHA PHI. 

'90. George He'teran, Grand Rapids, 

Mich. 
.92. Norman Taylor Harrington, Chi- 
cago, 111. 
Stephen Arnold Douglas. 

BETA MU. 

'92. Newton Diehl Baker, Martins- 
burg, W. Va. 

GAMMA PHI. 

'93. Charles Eachus, Coatesville, Pa. 

DELTA XI. 

'94. Benjamin Franklin Norris, San 
Francisco, Cal. 

'95. George Gibbs, San Francisco, CaL 

'95. Seymour Waterhouse, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

'95. William Gladstone Spiers, San 
Francisco, Cal. 

'95. Morton Raymond Gibbins, San 
Francisco, Cal. 

'95* William Raymond Dorr, San 
Francisco, 1 al. 

'95. Albert John Houston, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

ZETA PHI. 

'91. William L. Nash, St. Louis, Mo. 
'92. Harry George Parker, St. Louis, 

Mo. 
'93. William James Williamson, Guth- 
rie, Mo. 
'93. Walter Warden Avery, Clinton, 

Mo. 
'94. Robert Walter Stagdale, Liberty, 

Mo 
'94. Edwin Ruthven Boswell, Pleasant 

Hill, Mo. 
'94. E. Lee Howard, Liberty, Mo. 
'94. Herbert Doyle, Santa Barbara, 

Cal. 
'95. William D. Balton, Jefferson City, 

Mo. 



81 



PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 



KAPPA TAU. 

'92. Thomas Alderson Davis, Knox- 

ville, Tenn. 

Fergus Sloan Hall, Jr., Orlando, 

Fla. 

'93. Logan Cummins, Memphis, Tenn. 

George E. Dodge, Little Rock, 

Ark. 
R. T. Lane. 
'94. David Cummins, Memphis, Tenn. 
'94. George ^ illiam Clay, Austerlitz, 
Ky. 

KAPPA NU. 

'92. Harry Dresser Howe, Hampton, 

Va. 
'93. Samuel Scott Slater, New York. 
'93. Wlliam David Miles, New 

Britain, Conn. 
'94. Frank P. Hazleton, Bradford, Pa. 
Walter Grant Penfield, East Ber- 
lin, Conn. 
Seth Duane Higley, Windsor, O. 

IOTA MU. 

'92. Prescott Andrews Hopkins, New- 

buryport, Mass. 
Henry Nelson Latey. 
'94. Russell Sturges, New Yoik. 
•94. Harry Mockman Westcott, Rich- 

mond, Tnd. 
'94. Herbert Leavitt Wardner, Boston, 



Mass 

'95. Edward Leben. 

Harry Miles Philips. 

THETA PSI. 

'94 James Romolous Edwards. 

'94. Vinton Albert Clark, Providence, 

R. I. 
'94. Joseph Roung Irwin, New York. 
'94 Cyrus Aldrich. 
'94. Hugh Thomas Steveuson, West 

Troy, N. Y. 
'94. Alfred William Rogers. 

RHO CHI. 

'91. William Bowler Broaddus, Bowl- 
ing Green, Va> 
William Henry Lyne, Jr., Rich- 
mond, Va 
Edward Delaware Quarles, Rich- 
mond, Va. 
'92. Harry Sanborn Corey, Richmond, 
Va 
Francis Frederic Qausey, Hamp- 
ton, Va. 

MU SIGMA. 
'94. Edward Albert Silbcrstein,Duluth, 

Minn 
'94 William Allen Barto, St. Cloud 
Minn> 
Sheldon Crockett 



tai nsvf *>■- 



J*W*-.*5n??r-f* 



\ 



;«n.»*!t 



yOUN 



D* 



Vol. XIV. April, ig 9 2. tfo. *, 



THE 



PHI GAMMA DELTA 
QUARTERLY. 



Published for the Fraternity 

BY 

Frederic C. Howe, Allegheny, '89. 

Rates : One Dollar and Fifty Cents per Volume. Single Copies, Forty Cents. 
Address all communications to the Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly, 

921 Madison Avenue, Baltimore, Md. 



FRATERNITY DIRECTORY. 



THE CONVENTION. 

The Forty-Fourth Annual Convention of the Fraternity of Phi 
Gamma Delta, will be held at Philadelphia, Pa., October 26, 27 
and 28, 1892, under the auspices of Beta Chapter. 

GRAND CHAPTER. 
Address of the Grand Chapter, P. O. Box 112, New York City. 

II. Edward F. Cole, 82 Fulton St., New York City, Concerning 
work of Section Chiefs, Catalogue and Extension. 

E. Frank Keck, 120 Broadway, New York City, Concerning 
Financial Matters. 

r. A. James N. Ballantine, 188 West End Ave., New York City, 
Concerning General Correspondence and Chapter Reports. 

r. Louis P. Bach, 237 East 23d St., New York City, Infor- 
mation as to Action Taken. 

7. Dr. Hermann A. Ehrman, 696 Madison Ave., New York 
City, Concerning Certificates of Initiation. 

C. E. G. H. Gilman, Librarian, 1527 Broadway, New York 
City, Concerning Fraternity Archives. 

N. B.— Communications otherwise directed may be regarded as personal, and 
will not be re-directed. 



Section i. — Chief y Clement March, 360 Howard St., Cambridge, lias*. 
Name, Institution and Address. T, A. 

1. M . . Mass. Institute of Tech., Boston, Mass Prescott A. Hopkins 

II. I . . Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass Wm. Nelson 

N. A . . Yale University, New Haven, Conn H. G. Webster 

T. .College City New York., New York City. . .E. C. Holden, 17 W. 132a St. 

Q . . Columbia College., New York City. . . .G. A. Schroter, 29 Vanderbilt Ave 
N. E . . University of City of New York, N. Y . . Dr. R. C. James, 1 1 1 E. 45th St> 

0. i\ . Colgate University, Hamilton, N. Y J. C. Hendrickson 

K. N. .Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y H. R. Harrington, ♦. I\ A. House 

Section 11.— Chief Walter C. Stier, Easton, Pa. 

A .. Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, Pa J. Mont Travis 

B. .University of Perm., Phila., Pa.. . .A. Clarke Thompson, 3216 SansomeSt. 

A . . Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pa Arthur Gardner 

H . . Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, Pa C. E. Filbert 

II . .Allegheny College, Meadville, Pa Will J. Merchant, ♦. T. A. Place 

E. A .. Muhlenberg College, AUentown, Pa., Box 152 F. W. Wackeraagel 

2. A . . Lafayette College, Easton, Pa E. C. Bloomberg 

B. X . . Lehigh University, Bethlemen, Pa R. C. Mollmann 

F. ♦. . Pennsylvania State College, State College, Pa George S. Butx, 

♦. r. A. House. 

Section III. — Chief John E. Etchison, 103 N. Carey St., fc Baltimore, Md. 

B. M. .Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md J. Ogle Warfield 

B. .University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C, Victor E. Whitelock 

.. University of Virginia, Univ. of Va., Va W. E. Farrar 

B. A . . Roanoke College, Salem, Va John L. Rendleman 

A. A . . Hampden-Sidney College, Prince Edw. Co., Va W. F. Spottswood 

Z. A. .Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Va., Box 90. . W. E. Darnall 
P. X . . Richmond College, Richmond, Va Garnett Ryland 

Section IV. — Chiefs Charles Bosler, Dayton, O. 

H.. Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio O. P.Blake 

Z . . Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio C. E. Gardner 

A. A . . Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio Robt. Carhart 

A. A . . Denison University, Granville, Ohio E. J. Owen 

0. A . . Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Milton T. Weston 

P. A . . Wooster University, Wooster, Ohio Myron J. Jones 

A. ♦. .University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. .E. H. Cheney, ♦. I\ A. House 

Section V. — Chief, W. F. Christian, Crawfordsville, Ind. 

Z . . Indiana State University, Blooming ton, Ind H. W. Nuckols 

A . . De Pauw University, Greencastle, Ind Jos. A. Wright 

T . . Hanover College, Hanover, Ind E. A. Cutler 

ir. . Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Ind J. A. McKee 

A. A. .Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloom ingt on, 111 L. W. Lackland 

r. A . . Knox College, Galesburg, Ills W. L. Evans 

Section VI. — Chief N. M. Barnes, Minneapolis, Minn. 

M. 2 . . University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn E. A. Silberstein 

Section VII. — Chief Prof. John P. Fruit, Russellville, Ky. 

N. .Bethel College, Russellville, Ky W. C. Pierce 

K. T. . University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn R. T. Lane 

Section VIII. — Chief t H. E. Valentine, Topeka, Kan. 

II. A . . University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan J. M. Challiss 

Z. ♦. . Wm. Jewell College, Liberty, Mo W. J. Williamson 

Section IX. — Chief John H. Schutte, 150 Valencia St., San Francisco, Cal. 

A. H . . University of California, Berkeley, Cal . . . . H. M. Wright, ♦. T. A. House 
A. 2 . . Leland Stanford, Jr. University, Menlo Park, Cal C. C. Hughes 

GRADUA TE CHAPTERS. 

Delta Chattanooga, Tenn., R. J. Kirkwood 

Epsilon Columbus, O., John F. McFadden 

Zeta 1214 Main St., Kansas City, Mo., Glen Miller 

Eta Cleveland, O., J. S. Myers 

Theta Williamsport, Pa., Geo. S. Lenhart 

Southern Alumni Association Baltimore, Md., Jas. A. Carr, Jr., 116 

E. Fayette St. 



THE 



Phi Gamma Delta 
quarterly. 



VOL. XIV. APRIL, 189a. NO. a. 



THE PAST AND PRESENT OF DELTA XI. 



The University of California was chartered in 1868, it being the 
outgrowth of, and legal successor to, an institution of considerable 
age for the far West — the old College of California, inaugurated 
in the early fifties. 

In 1870 the first Greek-letter fraternity appeared in the Iota 
chapter Z. 3T. Soon a vigorous opposition was engendered to the 
new and unique chapter, by the institution of the 0. J. 0. Frater- 
nity. Within a few years X. (P., J. K. E. 9 and B. 0. II. granted 
charters in the growing university and a now fairly honorable 
rivalry grew up. 

In 1 88 1 Gamma chapter <P. A J. was instituted in the midst of 
these full-grown opponents. It flourished for a few years, and 
then, owing to unfortunate complications in the life of the chapter, 
subsided. This was in 1884. 

Some of the initiates of old Gamma chapter were still in the 
University, and, with the aid of a recruit from A. J. chapter, A. 
V. Gear, U. C. '87, Fraters J. H. Schutte and I. I. Brown, began 
the formation of a new chapter which, under the name of J. £, 
should be born and live to honor and power. The other candi- 



88 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

dates who sent in their united prayer to the Fraternity were Arthur 
Bachman, E. W. Hill, T. D. Allin, Ernest N. Henderson, Edward 
Eccleson and Henry A. Fisk. 

The majority of the men belonged to the then freshman class, 
and, as they were a vigorous set of fellows, the new chapter gained 
much by their continued residence at its new home. About the 
same time, namely, 1886, <P. J. 0. renewed its heretofore defunct 
chapter, and 2. X. entered the ranks. With the entrance of '90 
and '91, all the chapters at Berkeley took on new strength, which 
has endured to this day. 

Thus 0. r. J. in J. 3. began amid the hottest rivalry and perse- 
cution on the part of the older organizations. When the writer 
entered college the youngest chapter, J. £., had ensconced itself, 
within a year of its foundation, in a comfortable, roomy hostelry, 
with ten men in bachelor's quarters and a roll of sixteen members. 
Without doubt, and by actual comparison and comment, our club 
was more attractively furnished than any other. The chapter has 
continued since then in the same home which is fondly regarded by 
all its past and present members as the scene of the pleasantest 
events of university life. 

It is natural, perhaps usually inevitable, that a new chapter must 
meet with no inconsiderable opposition from rivals who are con- 
servative, yet jealous of another's advance. J. 3. progressed 
steadily. Of course we had our reverses — they were slight and we 
stood them easily and continued to achieve far greater victories 
later on. In the second year a <P. JH. J. defeated a B. 6. 77. in a 
bitterly contested election for a speakership. With the incoming 
of '91 and '92, J. 3. gained men who were bid, and in instances 
desperately rushed, by the six rivals, each of which had sought 
one or more of the men who have made up our forty-three members. 

Our position was then assured, and we have continued to follow 
the same policy in dealing with candidates with which we began, 
treating our rivals in a fair manner and refraining from the "stab 
in the back," which is undeniably the sin into which fraternity 
men too often fall. 

As was said above these early members were hale, vigorous men 
and were, most of them, greatly joyed to get into a class " rush." 
Tom Allin, '90, played ball well on second, and also broke a 






\ 



\ 




THE PAST AND PRESENT OF DELTA XI. 91 

rib, out of class enthusiasm, in the tug of war with '91. White, 
'91, was a pitcher of curves and quality, serving the nine for four 
years. He was a leading foot-ball man, too. Weaver, of the same 
class, ran well in long distance events, and with a man here and 
there in the following classes, we always had a showing in athletics. 

In February, 1889, after consulting several fraternity men on the 
subject, J. 3. tendered a stag Pan-Hellenic reception to the resi- 
dent chapters and alumni. This promised to be the precursor of 
occasional gatherings, but, in fact, has so far been the only 
affair of its kind at Berkeley, although the various lodges are 
always freely visited by members of different fraternities. 

Our chapter meetings have been always pretty well attended, 
and the initiations have proved to be very inspiriting occasions 
during the first degree, while the aftermath has often been decid- 
edly spooky for the candidates, who have sought, at midnight, the 
black depths of the neighboring rivulets on the campus. 

J. 2. has given considerable entertainment to her friends during 
her five years of existence, both on nearly every University Day, 
when a luncheon has been held and often followed by a dinner in 
the evening ; and upon special occasions, when her reception rooms 
have been filled to overflowing. Once a play, followed by cotillion 
and supper, was presented by some of the boys and their young 
friends in a large building adjoining the lodge, between which a 
covered bridge gave transit, both of which were rendered veritable 
bowers with the aid of loads of ferns and flowers, lanterns, bunt- 
ing, palms and laurel. 

In June last, a yachting trip was gotten up by the chapter, and 
a splendid sail over San Francisco Bay, through the Golden Gate 
to the Farallones, made a rare day's sport. 

One of our men, Spiers, '94, owned a steam launch. He, with 
several other Fijis went duck-hunting in midwinter. The launch 
struck a mud flat which caused the sportsmen to strip and heave 
to. One became seasick and had to be packed ashore, where the 
salt-soaked duck shooters built a wet bed in the rain and then at 
daybreak made tracks for Berkeley. 

To those of our sister chapters who have as yet not known the 
the solid comfort of a home, we would appeal by a picture of our 
dining room, as it has often appeared, where thirty or more have 



92 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

found seats at the long board groaning with viands, which none 
can appreciate more than hungry collegians. Perhaps, at such in- 
formal moments, the essence of good fellowship is felt most po- 
tently, because when one man, be he guest or brother, breaks 
bread at his fellows' table, sincerity and fraternity are naturally 
the offspring. 

In positions of honor and trust, <P. T. J. has received her share of 
the spoils, obtaining at different times the highest gifts in the power 
of class or student body to bestow. Of those I now recall, the fol- 
lowing are a few: Fisk, '90, was elected Charter Day speaker in 
'88. Molloy, '92, was the first president of his class, and Wright, 
'94, was Bourdon president last term. Blood, '92, Molloy/92 and 
Juilliard, ''91, were chosen floor managers of University hops and 
promenades. As manager of the Football Association and also 
manager of the Base Ball Association, White, '91, held both po- 
sitions. Hill, '90, proved to be the most efficient manager finan- 
cially the annual, " Blue and Gold," has ever had, and this year 
Hathorn, '93, was elected to the same responsible office, but re- 
signed thereafter from lack of time. ' Several of our men have been 
associate editors and managers of this publication, while the chapter 
has been represented on the " Berkelyan " and the " Occident," 
and now Norris, '94, is a member of the staff of "Smiles," wherein 
we expect some good work from him in both literary and artistic 
effects^ as he studied several years in Julian's Atelier, at Paris, 
previous to entering college. Last year, Turner, '92, was chief 
editor of the " Blue and Gold," in which good book much of the 
illustration is from his pen. Barrows, '91, later at Dartmouth, 
was elected secretary of the ." Associated Students of the Univer- 
sity of California," one of four such organizations in the United 
States, and which were represented at the recent 600th anniver- 
sary of the University of Montpelier and at the late Lucerne and 
Paris celebrations. This association is the parliament or congress 
of the entire student body, the presidency of which was held last 
year by Juilliard, '91. At 90' s commencement Henderson was an 
honor man and orator. Besides these enumerated honors which 
include the chief positions, socially and politically, among the stu- 
dents at Berkeley, the chapter has representatives in the various 
organizations in the halls and on the campus. 



THE PAST AND PRESENT OF DELTA XI. 95 

The average of scholarship in J. S. is good and has always been 
so, some men being of pre-eminent scholastic attainments. 
We have not sought men for their mental worth alone, but have 
looked for qualities which make men popular, upright, fraternal 
and club-able. The efforts, which have now become to us matters 
of history, explain to what extent the chapter has been successful. 
A general conservatism, and one necessitated among us by the 
presence within the chapter of several men hard to please yet gen- 
erous, has kept the membership of J. 3. at a good working num- 
ber, from 16 to 22, the latter of which represents the size of this 
year's roster, to which may be added a brace of terriers and the 
monkey surnamed " Murphy," who lately devoured, with compar- 
ative impunity and a small stomach-ache, the contents of a tele- 
phone battery. 

The alumni of J. 5V1 is- Q0t. a large body, but individually they 
are getting on. . AmongVtheittjGear, '87, is assistant superintendent 
of the Queen's school's, 'fri rjS^plulu. Brown, '88, is practicing 
law in San francisco, and his classman, Bachman, is in wholesale 
business in the* <saB)e citjfc where Schutte, '89, and Hill, '90, are 
also in well known firmT. - -Rbdgers, '90, and Engley, '92, attend 
the Hastings Law College of the University of California, and Hen- 
derson, '90, and White, '61, are teaching in preparatory schools. 
Allin, '90, is a civil engineer at Pasadena. Among the last class 
to graduate, Fisk, the first churchman J. 3. has sent forth, is at the 
head of a flourishing congregation at San Pablo; Weaver is with a 
wholesale firm in Oakland; Sutherland is at the Cooper Medical 
College, and Juilliard is a deputy clerk of Sonoma county. 

According to a statistical table in '92 's " Blue and Gold," <P. J 1 . 
J., as represented by the original JH. and the present J. £., has 
graduated 59 percent of her initiates, including the class of '91. 
And if we regard J. 3. alone we find that her percentage of graduates 
is over 66 per cent of the initiates. This is a good showing for a West- 
ern university and ranks us next to the highest among the local 
chapters. 

As to the position J. 3. holds in her community. While some 
chapters are of a decided tendency in one direction, others are more 
evenly distributed as to talent and bent. For instance, Z. *F. of 
late years has been pre-eminently the athletic set, although B, 0. 77. 



96 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

has had many men on field and track. The latter, also, seem to 
usually choose their men purely on account of scholarly ability. 
The 0. J. 8. chapter, or Phi Diddles, as they are commonly termed 
at Berkeley, may be more justly styled digs than otherwise ; the X m 
$.'s have had many excellent base ball players and men of good social 
standing ; the J. K. E.'s and 2. Jf.'s are not especially character- 
ized, but each chapter contains several men of considerable social 
and musical ability. Lastly, and more in detail, the members of 
0. r. J. are greatly diversified in tastes and character. The chap- 
ter alwaysby paying attention to a candidate's intellectual worth has 
had and has men of great scholarly attainments. Among us have 
been some good athletes, and there are several in the chapter of 
excellent musical education and appreciation. Two of the present 
roll have produced works of brush and pen which equal any and 
excell most of the like work by Berkelyans which has come under 
the writer's observation. Many are fond of social dissipation, com- 
ing from families of recognized standing in their various communi- 
ties. Perhaps a happily chosen adjective, applicable to the whole 
body of initiates, is Bohemian. We have concluded, after the five 
years' experience, that it is well to bring men of different tastes 
and affinities together. Such contact broadens fraternity and pre- 
vents too great a warp in any one direction. It opens up opportu- 
nities for companionship and offers a better field for chapter work 
than a more restricted choice could ; for as a chapter is a small 
commonwealth, the more varied its resources and powers are, the 
more is it self-sustaining and independent. 

Such a course, also, has raised the personel of J. 5. in the gen- 
eral student estimation and popularity, and the men who treat" a 
barb and a frat. man on an equality, as we have always tried to do, 
refraining also from clannishness, seem to us finally to be the best 
material for a healthy chapter. 

We trust the foregoing will not be taken as evincing a purpose 
and spirit of self-gratulation, nor a blindness to J. && defects ; 
neither is it for the purpose of belittling other fraternities by an 
assumption of superiority, but simply to impart a further acquain- 
tance with J. S. to her Eastern sisters. 

* 
The University of California consists of eleven colleges, six 



Ml HKW YC;.' ! 

PCBI-IC LIBRAK7 ! 

i 
^ 



THE PAST AND PRESENT OF DELTA XI. 99 

of which, are at Berkeley, a seat of surpassing natural beauty 
overlooking the Bay of San Francisco, and directly opposite the 
Golden Gate : They are the colleges of Letters, Mechanics, 
Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Mining, and Agriculture. In San 
Francisco are situated the Hastings College of Law, the Toland 
Medical School, and the colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy. 
The latest acquisition to the University is the Lick Observatory, 
the College of Astronomy, on the summit of Mt. Hamilton. Over 
500 students attend the colleges at Berkeley, and between 300 and 
400 are in attendance at the other colleges, amounting to about 
850 in all, with a corps of professors and instructors making an 
academic senate of 140 members. Open to the ambitious and 
worthy students are the following : Le Conte Memorial scholar- 
ship, the Hinckley scholarship, five Phoebe Hearst scholarships 
for young women, given by the widow of the late United States 
Senator Hearst, the Harvard scholarship, and two D. Mills fellow- 
ships in Philosophy, ten in all. 

Financial support for the University of California comes from 
various endowments aggregating the sum of $7, 000,000. A 
battalion of cadets is maintained at Berkeley, under command of 
an United States Army officer, whose report for the last year shows 
the University of California military department to be in actually 
better condition than any similar military department in the 
United States, those at the Universities of Illinois and Missis- 
sippi not excepted. The Harmon Gymnasium is well equipped 
with numerous lockers, baths, apparatus, and a fine gallery run- 
ning track. The Department of Physical Culture has this in 
charge, and it requires regular daily exercise in the Gymnasium 
from Freshmen and Sophomores. The foot ball and base ball 
fields are in the center of the campus, adjoining a cinder track and 
tennis court, with an amphitheater of 3,000 seating capacity. The 
domain of over 200 acres, traversed by two small streams of great 
beauty, contains nine principal buildings, six student club houses 
and many accessory buildings to the various departments. The 
Bacon Art Gallery contains a really choice collection of paintings 
and marbles, among which are originals from the hands of Murillo, 
Guido Reni, Titian, Rembrandt, Claude Lorraine, Verboeck- 
hoeffen, LeuUe and Keith. A library of upwards of 50,000 vol- 



\ flSAvfi K 



ioo PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

umes is in the same edifice as the gallery. There are no dormi- 
tories at the University of California other than the clubs, which 
are rented out to students, but have not proved popular, so that 
the Greek letter fraternities have here found an excellent place for 
the establishment of the club system. Such is the environment of 
J. £*., whose future seems to promise a permanent home to many a 
<P. r. J. Frederic A. Juilliard, '91. 



PHI GAMMA DELTA AND "LIFTING." 



The subject of " lifting " may be common-place and tinged a 
trifle with mustiness, yet it seems that to Phi Gamma Deltas some 
words can be addressed with propriety. So far as we are aware, 
our Fraternity has been guilty of this iniquitous practice in but few 
instances, nor do we feel that there is a disposition among the 
brothers to engage in it. Nevertheless, it is something that may 
happen at any time, and our remarks we prefer to vent in advance, 
rather than expend our vocabulary in condemning the act after it 
has been done. It must be allowed that the prospect of alluring 
a man from a rival society into our own has some fascination in it, 
and in order to achieve what we think is a grand victory, often 
no means are left untried to achieve it. He who renounces his 
first choice in the way of fraternity obligations is received into 
another with great eclat, and to these few spirits he is the lion of 
the hour. 

But how does it appear to those disinterested ? Is it not a species 
of treason? Does not the offender perjure himself? He no doubt 
swore that he would be true and loyal to his fraternity. He gave 
his allegiance by word ; by act he violated his oath. And is he 
alone blameable ? Is not the fraternity which receives him amen- 
able to the charge of subornation of perjury ? To be sure, no 
courts of law would hear this charge, but neverthless, the deed is 
the same and just as base and heinous. There is complicity be- 
tween the two parties, and in a sense they may be safely accused 



fcHl GAMMA DELT*A A^D "LIFTING." tot 

of conspiracy, for,by their joint act they injure a sister organiza- 
tion. But the latter is the more honored in the end. During our 
acquaintance with Greek-letter societies, we have personally known 
but two cases of " lifting," happily in other societies than our own. 
While there may have been an apparent transient benefit to these 
fellows, eventually both suffered for their hypocrisy and the 
societies which aided and abetted the acts, besmirched their names 
by their participation in such transactions. The other fraternities 
ignored them, and in every way possible expressed their strongest 
disapproval of such unmanly and unfraternal doings. 

The prevalence of "lifting " justifies us in pleading for an inter- 
fraternal code of honor. It is said that J. K. E. 9 (P*. T. t J. *F. f A. 
J. 0., and some other Eastern fraternities, so-called, do not object 
to " lifting," and do not constrain their members to an exclusive 
allegiance to their societies. If this be so, these and such other 
fraternities as favor double and triple memberships might agree 
among themselves to practice this sort of proselyting upon one an- 
other, but to make no efforts upon men whose holdings are in 
orders outside the league. The remaining societies could make a 
mutual compact not to receive into their sacred circles those of 
other persuasions. However, in lieu of such inter-fraternal arrange- 
ments, Phi Gamma Delta has taken this forward step : — wherever 
the Grand Chapter finds a subordinate chapter has initiated a mem- 
ber of another fraternity, who has not obtained an honorable re- 
lease from his society, that member's initiation shall be declared 
null and void and his name will not be entered on the rolls. 

The only way that a man can sever his connection from 0. T. J. 
is by expulsion, and any overt disloyalty or like wrong will bring 
about this result. There is no power given a chapter of either re- 
ceiving or accepting resignations. How can a man nullify the re- 
sponsibility of his solemn oath ? Will a simple note of resigna- 
tion remove the load from his shoulders ? The man who joins 
0. r. J. is firmly and irrevocably bound to her, unless through his 
own acts he violates the confidence reposed in him and betrays his 
trust. Then the chapter must show its hand and banish the 
culprit. 

We would respectfully call the attention of our chapters and of 
other fraternities to these dicta, for they represent the authorita- 



102 PHI GAMMA DELf A QUAftTERLV. 

tive utterances of our governing body. Pan-Hellenism is perhaps 
an impossibility, but mutual protection from base, low-minded 
persons who set no value on their oaths, but would as soon break 
them in one society as another, if personal advantage accrued, is 
perfectly practicable, and we stand ready to meet any or all fra- 
ternities on common ground in order to consummate means by 
which this mutual protection may be assured; 

The question is strictly moral, and, in our judgment, there is no 
other feasible way of stamping out this evil which strikes at the 
heart of the Greek-letter system. It is a travesty on fraternity 
principles to allow such a blot to exist on our Hellenic escutcheons, 
and the sooner we adopt means of clearing ourselves of the stain 
and of insuring ourselves against the practice, the better for our 
several societies and their wholesome aspirations. We would 
therefore ask the co-operation of all fraternities that abominate 
" lifting " and sympathize with efforts to extirpate it from their 
ranks, that we may effectually remove it from the Greek world. By 
hedging ourselves about by insurmountable barriers we pre- 
vent deserters from other societies to our own, and if our sister 
fraternities will but do likewise, the death-rattle of the iniquitous 
custom will soon be heard. 

As nations must have international laws, so must fraternities have 
inter-fraternal laws. The individual prosperity of each order 
demands certain mutual courses of action. We have no way of 
punishing desertions except by ostracizing them from our fraternal 
communion. This is the highest enforcing power any fraternity 
can exercise, but it appears to us to be the best preventive. No 
man will thrust himself out of a chapter, if he be forced by such 
act to roam about the college domain, neglected by all, without 
friends, without associations. The social influence alone will bind 
him to his fraternity, if he sees that renunciation of his first choice 
means renunciation of all fraternities. No man will willingly be- 
come a social outcast — an alien. If by combined effort we make 
this the price of forsaking one's fraternity few chapters will be 
troubled with alienating members. If we are to attach any sanctity 
to our initiation oaths, if we are to guard the sweet secrecy of our 
peculiar traits and traditions, there must be a mutual move on the 
part of all Greeks. For Phi Gamma Delta we have taken the 



AN EXt>£RIMtiNT IK CHAPTER HOUSE BUILDING. 163 

initiative! and we have done so with no small hope that our 
sister organizations will endorse the step and make similar provis- 
ions to guarantee their own security against oath-breakers and un- 
trustworthy, dishonorable deserters from other fraternities. 

Ed. L. Mattern, Pi/90. 



A PRACTICAL EXPERIMENT IN CHAPTER HOUSE BUILD- 
ING. 



The Fraternity Chapter House is coming to be recognized as such 
an essential part of true fraternity life that in many instances the 
first consideration, in the installation of a new chapter, is, what 
are the possibilities of securing a home for the new organization ? 

The term home is used here advisedly, for truly such a place 
the chapter is, or may be, if the members of the Fraternity fully ap- 
preciate their opportunity. It is a home where each member of a 
congenial family may consider himself an important factor in fur- 
thering the best interest for the whole, in securing harmony, and 
in more nearly approaching that ideal brotherhood to which the 
Fraternity aspires. There comes with the possession of a chapter 
house a sense of proprietorship in each individual. Each one is 
within himself a sole proprietor, for unanimous action in admin- 
istration is the underlying principle that makes the success of such 
a life possible, and unless all assent, none assent, thus giving each 
individual a greater sense of responsibility. But to take up the 
real purpose of this article, i. e., to tell you how we of r. <P. 
live ; how we started, and how we attained the comfortable ex- 
istence that we now enjoy. 

From the first moment of the institution of our chapter the most 
important question was, where can suitable quarters be secured 
which will serve as a place of meeting ? 

With nothing but a small country village adjoining the college 
grounds, the opportunities for quarters in keeping with the dignity 



164 *HI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

and importance, as we thought, of our new founded brotherhood, 
were very limited. 

We had to hold our meetings, from time to time, in the rooms 
of the different members of the Fraternity. But from the very 
start a committee was in the field, whose duty it was to look towards 
the securing of quarters for the chapter. Rooms presented them- 
selves, but they would not suit ; schemes were suggested, but they 
all seemed too visionary. At last the thought of having a chapter 
house built expressly for ourselves became lodged in our heads. 
The more we discussed it the more feasible it became. 

Now, at first thought, it seems simply absurd for twelve, fifteen 
or twenty students, all depending upon the purses of their parents 
or their own exertions, for their presence at college, to think seri- 
ously of erecting a building that would involve four, five or six 

thousand dollars. Nevertheless, .this idea was persisted in and dis. 

it 

cussed until at last the attainment of our hopes became a real pos- 
sibility. 

We were fortunate in possessing one of the most enthusiastic 
and thorough fraternity men that ever graced the rolls of a chapter 
— Bro. M. W. Bohn, of E. J. — then occupying the position of in- 
structor in the college. He was to be the capitalist and financier 
in our scheme of building. Accordingly, negotiations were at once 
entered into for securing a desirable site for a house ; plans were 
looked up, contractors consulted, and before we had time to fully 
realize the extent of our good fortune, just one year after the 
founding of our chapter, ground was broken for the erection of the 
comfortable home we now enjoy. 

With approved security, ten bonds, bearing interest, were issued. 
One bond was to be redeemed each year. Each bond represented 
an equal share of the whole amount advanced. This scheme 
secured the necessary funds, and on such terms as to make it easily 
possible to meet each payment as it would fall due. Thus, by easy 
stages, each year the amount of indebtedness would decrease and 
at the same time the amount bearing interest was diminishing. 

The building was commenced in the spring term and continued 
through the summer, so that by the time we returned for the fall 
session, the Chapter House was a reality, and we were next called 
upon to devise some scheme for furnishing it. Thanks to an active 



Til HEW YOFK 

PUBLIC LIBRAR7 



AITOK, UINOX 

TTtDKN KOUNDATTONS 

'_ t ,n — i — ^— — — — — ~^— ^— i 



AN EXPERIMENT IN CHAPTER HOUSE BUILDING. 107 

furnishing committee, before the term was closed our rooms pre- 
sented a very comfortable appearance. Of course at this stage of 
our existence our Alumni roll was rather brief ; but what few we 
had contributed very materially to the furnishing of the Fraternity 
rooms, and through the kindness of many of our former fair 
friends, minor details, as wall decorations, bric-a-brac, etc., soon 
became noticeable features in our new home. 

It will be observed that the leading thought was not only to have 
a place for the chapter meetings, but also to have a place where we 
could live and board. One of the first things done by the chapter 
was to appoint a sort of Ways and Means committee, whose duty 
it was to devise some method by which sufficient revenue could be 
collected to meet the yearly dues. The scheme devised and after- 
wards adopted was as follows : In the first place, the house con- 
tains thirteen rooms. Now the Fraternity was to consider itself as 
three distinct bodies, i. e., the Fraternity proper, a boarding club, 
and those living in the rooms, as renters or tenants. The Fraternity 
should consider as belonging exclusively to itself, and should 
pay rent for the parlor and library. The boarding club would 
be responsible for the equipment and rental of the dining room, 
kitchen and two upper rooms, which were intended for the use of 
a housekeeper. This left seven rooms to be rented to the members 
of the Fraternity. We have here three distinct groups, and yet, 
after all, there is but one. The Fraternity is always the first con- 
sideration, and the head and ruling power over all. The other 
divisions are merely artificial, and for financial convenience only. 

A fair proportion of the amount to be raised each year is laid 
upon each room and is charged as rent and is paid by whoever oc- 
cupies or uses the room. If a room should not be occupied, as it 
sometimes happens, the amount charged against it is assessed upon 
the whole Fraternity. There are three separate treasuries provided 
for. The Fraternity proper, of course, has its prescribed officers. 
The boarding club also is organized with its full complement of 
officers, including a caterer ; and each have their duties. The third 
treasury, or rather treasurer in this case, is a kind of an agent act- 
ing between the Fraternity and the tenants, and has the collecting 
of all the rents. 



108 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The boarding club, as a separate organization, secures the ser- 
vices of a housekeeper, who, in turn, secures her own help. The 
caterer attends to the purchasing of all that is required for the club. 
The rate of boarding lies entirely with the club. We usually fix 
upon a rate and then endeavor to keep the total expense of running 
for one term within that limit. 

There are three items yet to speak of which are usually relegated 
to the duties of the treasurer of the boarding club— that is, heat, 
light and care of rooms. The house is heated with steam and 
lighted with the ordinary kerosene lamps. At the end of each 
term the amount of coal and oil bills are assessed against each room 
or organization. The cost of care of rooms is treated in the same 
manner. For the general supervision of house and grounds we 
have what we call a House Committee. Their duty is to see that 
the lawn is cared for, the fences kept up, the house repaired in 
whatever way needed, etc. 

There are many other minor details that enters into the smooth 
running of a chapter house upon which I have not touched. What 
I have given, however, I believe are the more important details and 
present fairly the method and manner of our life as a Fraternity 
at Pennsylvania State College. 

I might mention one more point in reference to the general 
theory of expenses, that might be of use to such chapters as are 
contemplating taking the important step towards real fraternity 
life : In making out the sum total of our yearly expenses, we try 
to make our assessments just about equal to what it costs the ncn- 
fraternity man to live in the dormitories and to board at the better 
grade of clubs. C. H. Hile. 



s 
\ 



THE FOUNDING OF NU EPSILON. 

UNIVERSITY OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK. 



The latest addition to the fraternity rolls takes pleasure in in- 
troducing herself to the brothers at large through the pages of 
the Quarterly. 

The University of the City of New York was founded in 1830 
by residents of the metropolis' who had graduated at Harvard, 
Yale, Princeton and smaller colleges, and who felt the need of 
another high institution of learning in the city. Columbia in 
those days had not taken up its present proud position in educa- 
tional circles, while the College of the City of New York was not 
yet in existence. When the University was founded, not fifty 
years had gone by since the close of the Revolution. We were 
still pioneers wrestling with the hardships of an untamed conti- 
nent. We were engaged in building ttwns, in constructing roads, 
in laying foundations for a mighty commerce. The sentiment 
of the people did not tend toward higher education, and so the 
men of wealth in this city, on whose public spirit and liberality 
the founders had relied for the support of the new university, were 
for the most part indifferent to the welfare of the institution. 

Since that period, art and education found favor among us, 
but still the dream of the university founders had not been brought 
to pass. The college had been doing splendid work. No college 
with so limited an endowment ever did better work. Its graduates 
had been winning fame and recognition in the various walks of 
active life ; while the achievements of its professors in the realms 
of natural science and the arts had given a glory, not merely to the 
University, but to the nation. But still the prophecies of the 
founders were unfulfilled. Their plans for an ideal university, 
with all the word implies, had been drawn half a century too soon 
for realization. 

It was under the impulse of the general intellectual awakening 
in America that the reorganization of the New York University 
management took place in 1883. It began with the amendment of 
the charter so as to abolish the connection of the University with 



no PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

the city government, and prevent all recognition of denominational 
features in the corporation. The body of stockholders was also elim- 
inated, making the corporation itself the one stockholder. Other 
beneficial changes were made, but above and before all in impor- 
tance was the election, in 1884, of the present executive officer, 
Chancellor Henry M. MacCracken. 

From this year may be dated the new university period. Un- 
heralded by the public press, with no imposing ceremonial of in- 
auguration, the Vice-Chancellor entered upon his work. He was 
experienced as an educator. He had been trained at the principal 
seats of learning in this country and in Europe, and under his 
administration there has been a growing identification of the in- 
terests of all the departments and faculties. The Law School has 
become a real school of jurisprudence, presided over by one of the 
most eminent legal scholars America has produced, while the med- 
ical department is one of the finest of its kind in the country. 
The graduate department now enrolls over 250 students, represent- 
ing fifty colleges, including Columbia, Princeton, Harvard and 
Yale. It offers thirty-three courses in advanced work. The School 
of Pedagogy has now eight professors and lecturers, and enrolls 
more than 350 teachers. In all there has been a rapid advance 
toward the ideal that animated the minds of the founders two 
generations ago. 

It was about this time that certain worthy members of the G. C. 
conceived the plan of placing a chapter in this now growing Uni- 
versity. With this purpose in view, Brothers William Greanelle 
and Rafaelle Angelo Este, of the class of '90, C. C. N. Y., mem- 
bers of Upsilon, entered the senior class at the University, but be- 
fore their plans were realized, the senior "exams" took place, 
they were graduated, and owing to the strong opposition of the fra- 
ternities then in college, the idea of a chapter was abandoned for 
the time being. 

In the spring of 1891 your humble subscriber, then a member of 
Upsilon, entered the freshman class ('94) at the University, and 
the good work reluctantly relinquished before was again taken up. 
Brother Este, who was now a senior in the law department, and 
Brother Greanelle, who was about to take a Post Graduate course, 
lent their help. They were reinforced by Brother Leo Erdwurm, 



THE FOUNDING OF NU EPSILON. in 

from Upsilon, who entered the incoming freshman class in the fall, 
and by Brother Cornelius G. Coakley, who is an instructor in the 
Department of Histology at the Medical Department. 

A petition blank was filled out, unanimously endorsed, the char- 
ter was granted by the Grand Chapter, and the installation was set 
for the 19th of February. 

The 19th at last came round, and with it came 150 brothers, 
representing Cornell, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale, 
Columbia, C. C. N. Y., Lafayette, Lehigh, Washington and Jeffer- 
son, Wabash, Johns Hopkins, Allegheny, and several other insti- 
tutions. We had with us Brother Charles M. Kurtz, A., '76, of the 
Department of Fine Arts, World's Columbian Exposition; Edward 
Franklin Cole, Pi of the G. C; Walter Stier, chief of Section II.; 
Frank Keck; Dr. Cornelius G. Coakley, Y, '84; Louis P. Bach, of 
convention fame; C. A. Watson, N. J., '76, the founder of Yale 
chapter; Alexander Kerr McCullagh, founder of Beta, and many 
other brothers. 

The candidates, carefully hooded, were brought from the meet- 
ing place to the club house, where the ceremonies of initiation were 
gone through with in due form. The dinner was held at the Grand 
Union Hotel and many toasts were responded to, the banquet 
breaking up in the " wee big hours " of the morning. 

Following is the list of the charter members of the baby chapter : 
Rafaelle Angelo Este, '92, law, (Upsilon, '90), New York City ; 
Frederic Niles Colegny Jerauld, '92, med., Niagara Falls, N. Y. ; 
Frederick Clark Holden, '92, med., Brooklyn, N. Y.; Robert 
Henry Dinegar, '92, med., New York City ; Norman Wilson Cros- 
by, '93, col., New Rochelle, N. Y.; Samuel Emmet Getty, Jr., '93, 
med., Yonkers, N. Y.; Robert Coleman James, '93, med., Lexing- 
ton, Ky.; Rollin Alanson Curtiss, '93, med., Waterbury, Conn. ; 
John Joseph English, '93, med., Troy, N. Y.; Francis Leary Man- 
ning, '94, col.; Antoine Phineas Voislawsky, '94., col., (Upsilon 
'94), New York City ; Samuel Albertus Brown, '94, med., Plain- 
field, N. J.; William Frederic Quigley, '94, law, New York City ; 
Leo Erdwurm, '95, col., (Upsilon '94) Jersey City, N. J.; Joseph 
Benjamin Kopf, '95, col., Wilmington, Del.; Julius Emil Wals- 
chied, '95, col., Union Hill, N. J., and George Lewis Wickes, '95, 
col., New York City. Besides these we have Brothers Lloyd and 



112 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Jennings, from Wabash, and Brother Hynsen, from Johns Hop- 
kins, at the Theological Seminary. We therefore start with 20 
members. The other fraternities here represented are ¥. Y. 9 26 
members ; J. 0., 20 members ; Z. V., 17 members, and J. T. t 20 
members. 

We are on the best of terms with the other fraternities, especially 
with Psi Upsilon. There are also chapters of 8. N. E. and£. J. B., 
while 0. J. 0. and J. X. are represented in the Law Department. 

Our members are well represented in the undergraduate clubs 
and organizations, while several of them play on the base ball and foot 
ball teams. Our meetings are held on Tuesday evening, our latch 
string is always out, and visiting brothers are welcome at all 
times. Nu Epsilon promises to endeavor to treat all in good " Fiji " 
style. A. P. Voislawsky, N. E. '94. 



CHICAGO PHI GAMMA DELTAS. 



Several years ago a movement was attempted looking toward the 
organization of our alumni members resident in Chicago, but for 
reasons which we will gladly allow kind oblivion to bury, the move- 
ment was not a success. Nothing more was done in the matter 
until October, 1891, when Messrs. W. W. Weare, N. J., Charles S. 
Weaver, A., H. C. St. Clair, A. *., and Dr. J. H. Coulter, P. J., 
began the not insignificant task of compiling a roster of the Chicago 
Deltas. In the course of three months over eighty names and ad- 
dresses had been secured. Nearly all had been personally called 
upon, and all addressed per Uncle Sam. The next step was to 
issue a call for a meeting to discuss the propriety of organization, 
and whatever else of interest might be brought before them. 

At this meeting, held in the Sherman House club rooms, Hon. 
Benj. F. Ray, the first man initiated after the organization of the 
fraternity in 1848, was called upon to preside, and Dr.. J. H. Coulter 
to act as secretary. Bro. Ray, in assuming the chair, made some 
most fitting and interesting remarks concerning the earliest day* of 



CHICAGO PHI GAMMA DELTAS. 113 

the fraternity. It was here decided that the first step should be a 
banquet. Looking to^this end, various committees were appointed 
and all necessary preliminaries arranged. 

Saturday evening, February 27th, in the spacious and elegant 
parlors of the University Club, gathered one of the most jolly, con- 
genial, happjf, handsome and intellectual lot of men who ever made 
those parlors ring with laughter. Each one was a committee of in- 
troduction, and certainly no one could but feel proud of his alle- 
giance to a union which produced such specimens of honor, intel- 
lect and ability as graced this occasion. Perhaps one-fourth of 
those present wore with becoming grace and dignity the silvered 
crown of age. Yet they were most merry of all, and made we 
younger men feel that truly there is something more in the fraternity 
than mere organized effort or a play-house for college-life. We re- 
alized as never before the depth of meaning in that mystic bond 
which united us to each other. We felt that indeed must be more 
than sentiment which will draw men together in such communion 
who had not perhaps renewed their chapter ties for a quarter of a 
century, and some few there were who had been away from these 
scenes for forty years. But the years were not counted now. Youth 
and age were together on the level, though high, plateau of frater- 
nity. Aged honor, renown and wisdom grasped the hands of am- 
bitious, hopeful, hustling youth. Middle age, with wealth, posi- 
tion and power, joined in the circle, only making it more complete. 
Two hours were thus spent in becoming acquainted. Then came 
the event of the evening. 

In the large dining hall above were arranged the tables, with 
fifty plates, in the form of the Greek letters Phi Gamma Delta. To 
describe fully and with justice this dinner is beyond the capacity 
of your informant. Brothers Weaver, Weare, and St. Clair are re- 
sponsible for all the elegance displayed, and to say they were a 
success as a banquet committee is conveying no adequate idea. If 
it were commensurate with the dignity of a Phi Gam, we should 
like to say they were indeed a "howling success." The menus 
were engraved by Wright, royal purple shaded to blue ; printed in 
raised, embossed letters. No one was heard to remark that they 
had ever seen more elegant ones. At each plate was a buttoniere of 
violets, filling the room with their sweetness, and crowding out of 



U4 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

mind and heart all thoughts and memories of sadness. The dinner 
was a ten course one, served with all Parisienne eclat t and American 
frills added. Music by Moritaur's Mandolin club added zest to 
each course. At the head sat the venerable Rt. Rev. Bishop Mc- 
Laren, the youngest yet oldest of them all. His introductory re- 
marks were an inspiration to all young men, a commendation to the 
older, and a consolation to the oldest; full of eloquence, wisdom 
and wit. After reminiscences, extending back forty- two years, of 
his fraternity life in the college where it was founded, which both 
interested and delighted the younger men, the distinguished pre- 
late said : 

" I do not believe we begin to appreciate even now the value of 
association among young men and what it means to have congenial 
spirits brought into affiliated relations early in life. 

" There is nothing more appalling in these modern days than the 
pessimism of elderly men regarding the altruism of youthful friend- 
ship. There is nothing so calculated to avoid this dismal and hope- 
less confession of unfaith as the actual binding together of young 
men of education. In fact, in the college fraternity is found the 
the supply of a demand that exists in the nature of man. 

" In my wide experience among and relations with colleges and 
schools, I have frequently found without sympathy that a sort of 
Quixotic notion prevails among men who have the management 
of many of these institutions that such relations should be depre- 
cated. 

" I say to you that they should not be deprecated unless they 
wish to deprecate all that is highest, noblest, and best in youthful 
nature." 

Other remarks of a fraternal nature were made by Bishop Mc- 
Laren, among which glistened two bon mots : "It is better to be 
young at 60 than old at 30," and " I believe in the grace of a good 
dinner " 

"Alpha Chapter, its Beginning and Early History," was to have 
been responded to by President B. F. Ray. Serious illness in his 
family prevented his being present. In his absence the toast was 
most eloquently responded to by Julius A. Coleman, a charter 
member of Psi. 

W. W. Clay, a former member and indefatigable worker of 
the Grand Chapter, in a few fitting words gave Brother Keck. 
et al. a good " send-off." 



CHICAGO PHI GAMMA DELTAS. 115 

"Phi Gamma Delta" was the toast appointed to Dr. J. £. 
Stubbs. That he did the subject justice would seem impossible 
from its very nature and extent, but that he did well goes with- 
out saying. 

Charles M. Kurtz, acting superintendent of the Fine Arts De- 
partment, toasted the " World's Fair." Along with some very in- 
teresting statistics concerning the Fair, Brother Kurtz did not fail 
to bring in his ever ready wit, and also some practical suggestions 
concerning the entertainment of Phi Gamma Deltas visiting us 
next year. 

" Reminiscences," by Rev. Henry G. Jackson, a charter mem- 
ber of Lambda, was of course bubbling over with fun and story, 
yet not lacking in a goodly proportion of the practical and sensi- 
ble. 

" Literature in the Fraternity " was to have been the toast by 
Edward Eggleston, who had hoped to be able to return from Michi- 
gan in time for the banquet, but was prevented. In his place Dr. 
Coulter was heard to file a few quasi objections about " as usual, 
always calling out a doctor in a hurry and at the last moment when 
you get sick and in trouble, and then expect him to do not only 
his best, but the best." After this toast " impromptus " were called 
on from Brothers Charles S. Weaver, W. K. Lowrie and others. 

It was then decided by vote to proceed forthwith with the organi- 
zation of the Chicago Graduate Chapter. Brothers Coleman, V.; 
Lowry, Q. ; Brown, A. J., and Dodge, A. 0., were entrusted with 
the necessary preliminaries, and doubtless we shall soon hear from 
them in the line of a call for permanent organization. 

The last " suburbans " were by this time about due, and many 
were compelled to hurry away to catch their trains home. Those 
who remained spent an hour in social chat and song, and finally 
parted, each and all feeling indeed it had been " good to be there." 

Below is as complete a list as it was possible to secure of those 
who contributed to the gathering : 

Rt. Rev. Wm. E. McLaren, A. '51. D. W. McCaughey, *. '87. 

Benj. F. Ray, A. 49. H. C. Bennett, 0. A. '90. 

J. A. Coleman, *. '70. James L. Mead, II. A. '85. 

Dr. J. E. Stubbs, H. '62. H. C. St. Clair, A. ♦. '89. 

W. E. Clifford, *. '59. Fred L. Hoffman, A. *. '92. 

James Linden. ♦. '70. Rev. H. G. Jackson, A. 



u6 



PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 



J. G. Lazarus, 2. '87. 

Harry H. Cleaveland, I\ A. '90. 

Noble C. King, 2. '85. 

Andrew L. Winters, N. A. '89. 

Dr. J. H. Coulter, P. A. '82. 

E. B. Bodley, II. '87. 

Dr. V. E. Druley, A. '88. 

Todd Lunsford, A. 

C. M. Zener, *. '93. 

C. A. Pratt, A. *. '93. 

U. T. Harrington, A. *. '92. 

Fred W. Cowlen, A. A. '92. 

Charles E. Fox, 2. A. '91. 

Charles H. Dodge, A. *. '89. 



Charles W. Hubbard, *. '82. 
H. P. Stevenson, A, '90. 
W. S. Oppenheim, Z. '77. 
Edward Shaw,B. X. '92. 
William W. Wtare, N. A. '90. 
Wilmer F. Christian, *. '92. 
William K. Lowrey, Q. '82. 
Alfred Moore, *. '70. 
Dr. T. H. Rockwell. 
William W. Clay, T. '69. 
Charles S. Weaver, A. 
Charles M. Kurtz, A. 
W. C. Boyd, *. 
E. G. Barratt, A. 



PHI GAMMA DELTA IN LITERATURE. 



" Yvkrnklle — A Legend of Feudal France." Frank NorrU 
(J. S., *pj.) J. £. Lippincott Co., Phila. 1891. 

We confess to some hesitation as we contemplate reviewing the 
handsomely illustrated, richly bound volume which recently came 
to our table bearing the compliments of our California brother. 
The book is a large octavo volume, and contains, in verse, a 
charming romance of that chivalrous period of French history 
which forms the basis of the French classical school of authors. 
Designed as a holiday publication, it is in fact a veritable edition 
de luxe and one of the most delightful books of its kind we have 
ever been permitted to enjoy. Brother Norris, who for some time 
was a student at the Academy of Design in Paris, combines with a 
thorough knowledge of the customs of the period which he de- 
picts, a rare power of artistic expression, and what the Germans 
would call Gefuhl for his theme. The center of the story is the 
knight errant, animated by all those chivalrous sentiments which 
render the period so attractive to romancers, but attainted at the 
same time with a share of those vices so prevalently glossed over. 
Charming nature painting shows genius of a rare order, for which 



PHI GAMMA DELTA Itt LITfcfcATURfc. uf 

we can predict wide appreciation from the world and new laurels 
to Brother Norris. 

• • • 

• • • 

" The Bishop Hill Colony." A Religious Communistic Settle- 
ment in Henry County, Illinois. By Michael A. Mikkelsen (B. M. 
'92). Baltimore: The yohns Hopkins Press. 
This monograph is a contribution not only to the history of 
communistic experiments in the United* States but also to the 
early economic history of Illinois. 

The Bishop Hill Colony was founded in 1846 by religious ref- 
ugees from Sweden. Four years previously in Helsingland, one 
of the middle provinces of Sweden, a religious awakening had 
taken place under the leadership of Eric Janson, a lay preacher of 
extraordinary eloquence and force of character. The converts 
were mainly peasants and artizans. The movement met with dis- 
favor from the Established Church, and, as the so-called Jansonists 
began to develop separatists tendencies, they were made to suffer 
the full penalties of the severe and all but obsolete conventicle 
laws of the previous century. The result was that the whole sect, 
numbering eleven hundred persons, emigrated in 1846 and subse- 
quently came to Henry County, Illinois, where, under the direction of 
Eric Janson, they formed a theocratic communistic society. Eric 
Janson was murdered in the spring of 1853, but the community 
continued, in spite of frequent religious dissensions, to flourish 
under the supervision of a board of trustees till 1862, when it was 
finally dissolved. 

The Bishop Hill Colony met with great material success. Before 
the dissolution of the community, the village of Bishop Hill was 
the principal commercial and manufacturing center between Peoria 
and Rock Island. The community owned shops and mills and 
manufactories. It engaged in real estate and banking. It oper- 
ated a coal mine and dealt in grain, lumber and pork. Its broom 
corn and brooms were sold on the markets of New Orleans, St. 
Louis and New York. It had twelve thousand acres of land under 
cultivation. It introduced improved breeds of cattle into the 
country, and began the cultivation of small fruits. 

However, the crisis of 1847 proved a crushing blow to the 
financial prosperity of the community. The greatest loss was 
probably occasioned by the bankruptcy of the Western Air Line 



ti8 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

R. R., with which the community had made a five million dollar 
contract. Financial disasters being added to religious dissensions, 
preliminary steps were taken, in i860, to disorganize the commu- 
nity, and the final division in severalty of the common property 
was made in 1862. 

This, in brief, is the tale which the monograph tells. It is a 
valuable addition to the economic, as well as the religious and in- 
stitutional history of this country, and does great credit to the 
author and to the chapter. The style is clear and elastic, possess- 
ing sufficient verve to render it thoroughly interesting to the student. 



OMEGA'S ANNUAL DINNER. 



Omega celebrated the twenty-sixth anniversary of her establish- 
ment at Columbia University on March nth by an annual reunion 
and dinner at the Brunswick. In spirit and enthusiasm the affair 
was probably the most successful gathering of Phi Gams that has 
been held in the metropolis for many a day, and was characterized 
by that good fellowship distinctive of 0. T. J. The pleasure of 
the evening was greatly enhanced by the appearance at the banquet 
board of a delegation of six from the elms of old Yale. 

With the arrival of coffee, Brother William L. Hazen, to whom 
Omega owes much of her present prosperity and looks up to as 
the fount of wisdom in all fraternity affairs, rose and as toastmaster 
of the evening called upon Brother E. F. Cole, Pi of the Grand 
Chapter, to respond to " Our Fraternity." 

The next speaker, John K. Gore, responded to " Omega in Days 
Gone By." 

Brother T. Ludlow Chrystie spoke for " Omega of To-day, M and 
said one of her chief characteristics was her ambition to be consid- 
ered the leading fraternity at Columbia ; and that each wearer of 
the diamond was a loyal Delt and a true supporter of the Blue and 
White of his alma mater. 



OMEGA'S ANNUAL DINNER. 119 

Brother Sanford B. Martin made one of the happiest brief speeches 
of the evening in responding to " Our Sister Chapters." He 
brought greeting from the New Haven brothers and spoke of their 
fight for a foremost place with the other fraternities of Yale. 

"Columbia and Omega in Bloomingdale " received attention 
from Brother John W. French, who spoke of the opportunity which 
#. r. J. had of buying property and erecting a house near the fu- 
ture site of the college. He said that it was a question which was 
without the confines of sentiment and nothing was practicable un- 
less "cold hard cash " was the medium of expression. He be- 
lieved that it was within the power of Omega to go into her own 
house when the college moved, and urged that active steps be taken 
at once to raise subscriptions. These sentiment were received with 
applause. 

James R. Chisholm answered to " Our Freaks/' and Horace I. 
Brightman made one of the best responses of the evening to " Our 
Kickers." 

Following the regular toasts, Brothers Gore, Griffith, Wother- 
spoon, Oakes, Swift and Mygatt were called upon for impromptu 
remarks and recitations, while Columbia and Fraternity songs kept 
Orpheus in the ascendency. 

The hour being yet early, a general discussion took place and 
it was determined to place a committee of five in the field to devise 
means for securing property for a chapter house. The committee 
as appointed consists of Brothers Benj. F. Romaine, '72, (chair- 
man) ; W. L. Hazen ; J. W. French ; H. I. Brightman, and F. J. 
Swift. It was not till after midnight that the party broke up, to 
the dying strains of the Fraternity Doxology. The committee in 
charge consisted of Brothers W. L. Hazen, (chairman); Dr. H. A. 
Ehrmann; H. I. Brightman; A. Grannis, and £. H. Jones. The 
brothers who were present were Brothers Martin, '90, Q.; Mygatt, 
Lee, Leavenworth, Wylie and Allworth, of N. J.; Brother Daly, 
of Y.\ Brother Crosby, of N, E.; and from Q. Brothers Keck, '75; 
Hazen, Salmon and Gore, of '83; Griffith, '84; French, '85; Bal- 
lentine, Cole, Ehrmann, of '86; Worden, '89 ; Erskine, Doscher, 
Beadles, Chrystie, Brightman, Swift, Wotherspoon, and Hausen, 



120 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

of '92 ; Oakes, Schroter and Grannis, of '93 ; Chisholm, Demorest, 
Hobart and Hubbard, of '94 ; Ludlam, Jones, Wotherspoon and 
Mourraille, of '95. 



THE BOSTON BANQUET. 



On the evening of March 25, 1892, in the state parlors of the 
Hotel Vendome, at Boston, was held the fourth annual banquet of 
Iota Mu. The committee in charge, consisting of J. R. Speer, '93, 
(chairman); P. A. Hopkins, '92, and A. L. Goetzmann, '93, had 
endeavored to secure the attendance of the chapter alumni in par- 
ticular, and their efforts were well rewarded. 

About thirty wearers of the royal purple sat down to a dinner 
which included everything that Boston's most palatial hotel could 
supply. Among those present were: Albert G. Rau, B. X. '88, 
from Lehigh ; Will Siling, /7. '90, from Mt. Hermon, Mass.; Fred. 
R. Morse, '92, and W. N. Stark, '93, the delegates from Pi Iota; 
Frank C. Baldwin, /. M. '90, who came all the way from Detroit 
on purpose to attend; W. Forbes Evans, '93, who returned from 
Kappa Nu to his first love for a short time; H. L. Wardner, /. M. 
'91, and W. F. Keene, /. M. '91, who came up from Rhode Island, 
and Clement March, /. 1/., '91, Chief of Section I. 

During the evening, letters of regret were read from Senator 
Vance, Congressman Hopkins, Frank Keck, Fred Howe, of the 
Quarterly, and others. 

At ten o'clock, with cigars and the great bowl of " congenial 
spirits," Bro. Elisha Lee, Jr., called those assembled to order, 
and in a few witty remarks introduced the toastmaster of the 
evening, J. R. Speer, '93, of Pittsburg, who proceeded at once 
with the following toasts : 

Phi Gamma Delta Albert G. Rau, B. X. '88 

Section One Clement March, /. M. 'gr 

American Colleges Will Siling, n. '90 

Our Chapter Albert L. Goetzmann, /. M. '93 



THE BOSTON BANQUET. 121 

Pi Iota Fred R. Morse, //. /. '92 

Chapter Finance A. Samuel Heywood, /. #.'92 

Kappa Nu W. Forbes Evans, K. N. '93 

Our Alumni Frank C. Baldwin, /. M. '90 

In the most noteworthy speech of the evening, Bro. Rau spoke 
of the necessity of crushing " individualism " in the chapter, and 
of considering the Fraternity first, the chapter second, and the 
individual last. 

The Section Chief, Bro. March, spoke of the great necessity of 
the eastern chapters becoming better acquainted with each other, 
and of acting in harmony to secure desirable extension ; and 
urged, as a means of so doing, an annual convention of the chap- 
ters in Section I, as practiced in Section IV. 

Bro* Morse told about the great advantage of being the only 
chapter in a college, and literally owning it; while Bro. Heywood 
showed to delighted brothers his latest invention in the way of 
"slot" machines, by using which chapter houses may be obtained. 

But all things must end, and as the hands pointed to the hour of 
twelve, the assembly joining hands around the banquet table, sang 
the Fraternity Doxology, " Auld Lang Syne," gave the "Tech." 
cheer, and the fourth annual banquet was a thing of the past. 

C. M. 



TA'BLE TALKER. 



(*0 TpaneCoprJTwp.^ 



If we were called upon to give the characteristic feature of the 
Greek world to-day, we would instance its appearance of perma- 
nence, its material prosperity and general recognition as an educa- 
tional force. Sentiment is just as active as ever, but governed by 
utilitarian controlling forces which are bound to give the college 
fraternity a more dignified, prominent position in the future. The 
Greek world has justified its existence in the past, the future ap- 
pears to hold a career of even wider influence, of even greater good. 
Not the least of these evidences of permanency is the Greek press, 
which has of late years taken on a more business-like and profes- 
sional air. 

* * * 

Although a little late in our greetings, our hospitality is none the 
less genuine when we welcome back to our table The Palm of Alpha 
Tau Omega and greet again as its inspiring genius, Rev. Otis H. T. 
Glazebrook, under whose skillful guidance we may expect the Palm 
to resume the position which it once held in the world of Greek 
journalism. The July and October issues are before us, and while 
we consider the symbolic cover and uncut pages a relic of the dis- 
carded past, we will not prejudge our neighbor, but will taste the 
contents of his larder before condemning his board. And the first 
impression gained from a cursory view of its pages is the high moral 
tone of the Palm. The editorials are redolent with kindness and 
good will, while a sincere desire for the progress of the order which 
it represents pervades its pages. The following utilitarian senti- 
ments are strictly in line with the growing ideas of permanency 
mentioned above: "The time has come when strict business 
methods must hold in fraternity matters. Chapter houses cannot 
be built, magazines cannot be edited and printed, without money, 
and money promptly raised and paid. In proportion as the spirit 
of enterprise takes possession of fraternity life — and such a spirit 



TABLE TALKER. t*3 

is the condition of Greek life in this age, and will prevail more and 
more — ways and means must be devised to meet the promptings of 
such a spirit. The question of finance is one that should receive 
the most thoughtful attention of the chapters. Sentiment is all 
right, and proper in its place, but chapter life and growth must 
have a more substantial ground underneath. * * * * It is 
wonderful how it adds to the self-respect, dignity, permanency and 
strength of an organization to have a well-filled treasury, either in 
the shape of cash or well-secured investments. Every chapter can 
and should have a sinking fund : the beginning may be small and 
the income slow, but the mites accumulate with surprising rapidity. 
Let every chapter have its bank account. No better time can 
be spent by the chapter than in bringing its effort and ingenuity to 
bear upon measures out of which such a possibility may be real- 
ized. Assessments, entertainments, lectures, legacies from alumni, 
are each and all sources to be watched and worked to this end. The 
living and pressing problems of chapter houses, Palm dues, alumni 
club houses and the like can be solved in this way and no other." 

* * * 

The immaculate white cover of the Kappa Alpha Jonrnal is some- 
what of a criterion of what we may expect to find within. Two 
numbers are before us, but now it comes as a bi-monthly instead 
of a monthly, as heretofore. The change, however, does not end 
here, for the new series is introduced to us with a display of 
numerous photogravures and a considerable increase in volume. 
The October issue contains little of general fraternity interest, 
but being a convention number is replete with matters of strictly 
Kappa Alpha interest. The Greek notes are full and interesting 
and a goodly array of chapter letters, well edited, make up the 
best issue Kappa Alpha has ever sent us. 

* * * 

The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi has long been championing the 

chapter house idea, and the November issue contains a symposium 

of plans for their erection. The following editorial report 

of " progress " speaks well for the energy of Phi Kappa Psi and 

for the loyalty of her alumni : * 

" Chapters differ, and plans lor raising means must therefore rary. Wisconsin 
T. has raised more than $6,000, largely among her active membership, and ex- 



134 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

pects to get into a handsome new home in January next. Pa. B. raised most of 
the money for its lodge from alumni. California A., without alumni, built its house 
on faith, moved into it and paid for it month by month. Ohio A. has raised more 
than $l,ioo for her chapter-house fund within the past month wholly from alumni. 
" Let no man question the wisdom of this plan or that plan, which succeeds. 
* Nothing succeeds like success,' is as true of building chapter-houses as it is of polit- 
ical maneuvering." 

The following outline is from the plan adopted by the University 
of Michigan chapter of the fraternity, and in its main details is in 
accord with the plan as laid down in the October Quarterly : 

First. The property is to be owned and controlled by those contributing and 
not by the active chapter. 

Second, The active chapter is to pay rent. 

Third, The rent at present, $765 , and other income from the active chapter, such 
as initiation fees and interest on funds invested, is to be applied on the mortgage, 
repairs, etc., until the property is paid for. After the property is paid for the 
stockholders may elect to pay dividends or otherwise dispose of the income. 

Fourth, The stock company is to be known as the Michigan Alpha of Phi 
Kappa Psi Chapter House Company. Shares are to be $25, payable twenty-five 
per cent, yearly. 

Fifth, Capital Stock is to be about $8,000. 

Sixth. The average subscription is expected to be about $ 100, which means 
$25 a year for four years. But the shares have purposely been made $25 so that 
such as cannot subscribe for $100 may subscribe for less. Beyond the amount of 
your subscription there will be no further assessment, nor can there be any further 
liability put upon you as stockholders for debts of the corporation. 

In view of the fact that the income from the active chapter for rent, $765, to- 
gether with initiation fees, about $ loo, and the interest on funds invested will 
amount to $950 yearly, about $4,000 of the $12,000 purchase money will be paid 
by income from the active chapter. Thus the $8,000 worth of stock will repre- 
rent a $ 1 2,000 property, the profits of which can be made to pay a dividend. 

You may wish to know what the active chapter is doing for itself. By a chap- 
ter law, $25 from each initiation fee is devoted to the house fund ; also, each ini- 
tiate and each graduate in future of the active chapter is required to take two 
shares. The chapter has already given $180 in cash and a $100 claim to the 
house fund. We are assured of their hearty co-operation throughout in the house 
scheme." 

^r ^P ^^ 

The October issue of the Rainbow of Delta Tau Delta is some- 
what disappointing and hardly up to the standard of that fraternity. 
The editorials, however, are always pertinent and well to the point 

We quote the following in regard to badges : 

" The increase noted in the number of badges purchased during the past two 
years is gratifying, and the good work ought to go on. It is easy to understand 



TABLE TALKER. 125 

the value and importamcc of having and wearing the badge of oar order. Every 
active member should own a badge. * Costly thy badge as thy purse can buy/ 
Anyway buy one, and then wear it. Wear it as a badge of honor, as an emblem 
of a noble aim, as a reminder of allegiance to lofty principles which must become 
a part of your soul. Our badge should never be considered a mere ornament, to 
be treated like other pieces of jewelry. It means much to every Delta, and com- 
paratively little to any one else. It should be something sacred to every man who 
is privileged to wear it, a talisman he would ever have with him." 

* * * 

Whatever the J. K. E. Quarterly may lack in verve it makes up 
in dignity. . Benign composure, wholly unruffled by the world about 
it, has always been a characteristic of the Quarterly. It has an air 
which admits of no familiarity, frivolity or enthusiasm. The pace 
set for the Quarterly ten years ago has satisfied succeeding 
generations of Dekes, and the same standard of typographical 
work, spiritless chronicles of banquets, conventions, etc., with an 
occasional heavy poem or oration, has continued to make up each 
succeeding issue. A comparison of Volume VI. with the January 
issue of Volume X., now before us, shows no point of difference 
save that in the preceding a furious bombardment of the Delta 
Upsilon Quarterly was in progress. In the meantime the mantle 
of peace seems to have fallen upon the Greek world, and exchange 
editors have sheathed their swords, which, at that time, were di- 
rected against all comers. The issue before us grows really ani- 
mated over the Cleveland convention, the dinner of which is 
reported at length. A couple of good editorials follow on the ad- 
visibility of having eating clubs in connection with chapter houses, 
which the editor disapproves of, and on the uniform J. K, E. pin, 

which he commends. 

* * * 

From Wilson L. Fairbanks, editor of the recently issued Quin- 
quennial Catalogue, is an equally interesting statistical table of 
Fraternity Extension, 1880-1891, which should form a valuable 
supplement to Mr. Baird's American College Fraternities. 

While somewhat defective, the article gives the following statis- 
tics of the extension movement of the so-called Western fraterni- 
ties. B. 8. n. has established 20 chapters ; J. 7*. J., 21 ; 0. J. 0., 
29 ; 0. K. ¥., 10, and 2. X, 26. Of 0. T. J. is the following ac- 
count; 



1*6 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Eastern Colleges — Williams, 1880 ; Pennsylvania Univ., 1881 ; BuckneU, 
1882; Lafayette, 1883; Lehigh, 1887; Colgate, 1887 ; Pennsylvania ColL, 
1888 ; Cornell, 1888 ; Mass. Inst. Tech. 1889. 

Western Colleges — Racine, 1880; California, 1882; Kansas, 1882 ; Wooster, 
1882 ; Wittenberg, 1884 ; Michigan, 1885 ; Denison, 1885 ; William Jewell, 1886 ; 
Minnesota, 1891. 

Southern Colleges — Texas, 1883; Richmond, 1890; Tennessee, 1890; 
Johns Hopkins, 1891. 

Of chapters revived or newly established, the following are omitted : 
Eastern colleges : Yale, 1889 ; Worcester Polytechnic, 1891 ; New 
York University, 1892. Western colleges : Knox, 1885 > Leland 
Stanford, 1891. Southern colleges : North Carolina, 1888 ; Vir- 
ginia, 1890; Washington and Lee, 1890; Bethel, 1888. In all 31 as 
representing the decade's progress. 

* * * 

The Delta Upsilon Quarterly for February contains much we 
fain would quote. Two articles especially command our 
interest. The one entitled "The Ideal Initiation " is so applica- 
ble to us all that we cull the following excerpts, regretting our 
inability to reproduce it in toto : 

" The selection and enrollment of men into the fraternity by the several chap- 
ters is the most important prerogative they are ever called upon to exercise. The 
initiation is the medium which brings the material that keeps in healthy growth 
our great fraternity system, it is requisite to our very existence, and upon the 
quality of the material taken at such a time, depends our future progress and 
prosperity. ******** 

What more important or significant feature of an initiation can there be than 
the initiatory rite ? Through its instrumentality the candidate obtains his first 
insight into the internal workings of the order ; by complying with its require- 
ments and approving its ordinances he becomes vested with all the privileges of 
a member of the organization. It should be powerful and suggestive in make- 
up, above reproach in its methods, and perfect in the execution of its part. * * 

There exists no social or political organization which does not have certain aims, 
and a policy which it pursues in its efforts to the attainment of such aims; and so 
we have no chapter that does not have its methods of chapter work and a policy 
in college politics. These methods of work and lines of action should be ex- 
pounded and clearly defined by the chapter leaders at the time of the initiation. 
In this way a platform is constructed from which every brother may view the 
different phases of college life and take a firm and intelligent stand in matters re- 
quiring combined and vigorous action. * * * There should be present 
then, in addition to the chapter enrollment, at least one man, either active or en- 
thusiastically interested in the welfare of the order, to aid in the initiation and to 



f 



TABLE TALKER. 1*7 

give a description of fraternity life and methods in other institutions ; such an 
occurence would be of such pleasure and profit that no initiation can be considered 
quite perfect in every respect, without it. It is a matter worthy of the consider- 
ation of the Executive Committee. 

For an affair to be truly successful it should have a happy ending, and a banquet 
is just the thing to bring this about. On the occasion of initiation it is a neces- 
sary element to complete success. There is something about a rousing good ban- 
quet that finds a responsive chord in every person through the medium of human 
nature." 



EDITORIAL. 



FOUNDERS' DAY.— May isthas been indicated by the Grand 
Chapter as Founders' Day. The Quarterly desires that all cele- 
brations on that day, either by active chapters or alumni organiza- 
tions, may be recorded in its pages. 

 • • 
• . • 

THE ANNUAL CIRCULAR.— Before our next issue goes to 
press we hope to have received indications that all our chapters 
have complied with the action of the last convention providing for 
the issuance of the Annual Circular. Inadvertently, the date indi- 
cated for its issue was announced in the last issue of the Quar- 
terly as May ist, when in reality, the convention had prescribed 
January ist. This may in part explain the failure on the part of 
many chapters in complying therewith. 

• a • 

• • • 

THE STATE CONVENTIONS.— The Quarterly is in re- 
ceipt of an invitation from Theta Deuteron Chapter to attend the 
eighth annual convention of Section IV to be held at Delaware, 
Ohio, April 28th and 29th, under the auspices of that chapter. 
Similar announcements are out from Tau Chapter calling the In- 
diana chapters and stray Deltas to her pretty little house on the 
banks of the Ohio, in the latter part of May. 

While regretting our own inability to unite with these States on 
these festal occasions, we cannot too warmly commend any Deltas 
passing that way to the hospitality of these chapters. 

... 
... 

A SUMMER CAMP.— During the summer of 1891 quite a 
number of Deltas from New York college passed a few pleasant 
weeks on Lake Hopatcong, N. J., where a fraternity camp was 
established. Whether the idea was a permanent one or not we do 
not know. It certainly is deserving of wider knowledge and more 
general adoption. Such a camp has been long contemplated by 
certain Pennsylvania Deltas who aimed to secure on Lake Chau- 



EDITORIAL. 129 

tauqua a permanent rendezvous for the fraternity. Naught has 
ever come of these aspirations save paper plans, but the idea is so 
attractive that the design has been abandoned reluctantly. 

As purely tentative, the Quarterly would suggest that the mat- 
ter be assumed by the Ohio and Indiana State conventions, soon to 
assemble. Committees might be placed in the field and if Chau- 
tauqua is chosen, the active co-operation of Alpha, Pi and proba- 
bly other contiguous chapters could readily be secured. The 
scheme is at least worth a trial, and the State conventions seem 
best fitted to inaugurate it. 

... 
... 

THE CHICAGO BANQUET AND THE WORLD'S FAIR.— 

The Chicago gathering was a great success. Anything which Chi- 
cago does, in fact, bears the stamp of success from the start, and if 
additional assurance were needed, the names of Dr. J. Homer Coul- 
ter, P. J.; Harman C. St. Clair, A. #.; Charles S. Weaver, A.; and 
W. W. Weare, Jr., N. J., as committee of arrangements were suffi- 
cient to guarantee it. The "windy city" for the first time has 
been invaded, a graduate chapter has come into existence full 
blown in a night, and assurances of active organization are re- 
ceived. 

Brother Charles M. Kurtz, Director of the Arts Department of 
the World's Fair, talks of a Grecian Temple as a Phi Gamma Delta 
exhibit, and headquarters at least are promised. Bishop William 
£. McLaren and Hon. Benj. F. Ray, nestors of the fraternity, give 
the movement prestige from the start and assure its permanence. 

It is almost too much to hope for a club house in Chicago by 
'93, but with proper co-operation the new chapter will do all in its 
power to promote such an end. An active chapter in the imme- 
diate vicinage as a feeder and inspiration is all that is now needed, 
and unless all signs fail the near future will prove productive of 

even this desideratum. 

... 
... 

EXTENSION. — The recent extension of our borders is in strict 
accordance with the universal expression of the Fraternity, as well 
as the unqualified voice of the Pittsburg convention. The appro- 
bation of the Fraternity will undoubtedly follow the Grand Chap- 



130 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

ter, so long as its action is animated by the same caution and con- 
servatism as has marked the lately organized chapters of the 
Fraternity. Compactness, rather than diffusion, must be the situ 
qua non of further extension. Pre-emption in the East, as well as 
our lamentable failures in the extreme South, preclude these pro- 
vinces from our territory. 0. T. J. is by tradition a western 
fraternity, or national, if you will, as opposed to the provincial 
orders of New England or of the extreme South. In the border 
states, the contiguity is so close that an active connection with the 
fraternity life has always kept these chapters prosperous. An 
attempt, however, to force the fraternity beyond these natural 
limits has in the past, and will in the future, meet with naught 
save disaster. Our experience at the Universities of Georgia, 
Mississippi and Texas, under most favoring conditions, should 
stand as a warning to future abortive effort in these states. 

In the East, extension has been confined wholly to new institu- 
tions, and as long as a similar policy can be followed with equal 
success, the Fraternity will not withhold approval. Extension is 
no longer essential. It may even be debated if we have not 
already reached a point where it has become dangerous. The in- 
stitutions where 0. T. J. can yet enter with honor to herself may 
easily be enumerated, and they are already well occupied. An 
intensive occupation of present territory should rather be the ani- 
mating motive of future efforts. 

• • • 

* • • 

THE CATALOGUE.— Tht Quarterly does not aspire to pose 
as a self-constituted censor, nor to burden its pages with unwel- 
come importunities ; but the annual wail which goes up from 
our diligent catalogue committee, together with the imperative na- 
ture of the problem with which it has to contend, forces our re- 
luctant pen into occasional admonitory strains. 

The entire publication is now, and has been for some months, 
completely blocked by the indifference of one chapter, from which 
repeated requests have failed to elicit any manuscript returns. 
Again and again has the will of the fraternity been thus frustrated, 
till the few months assigned for publication have been lengthened 
into years. 



EDITORIAL. 131 

Often when copy is returned a large number of the members 
will be reported in some such manner as this : 
A. A. Blank, Lawyer. 

Neither full name, accurate address, biographical particulars or 
aught else demanded by the circular are appended. And yet the 
fraternity at large wonders why the catalogue is delayed. 

When such a return reaches the committee, investigations must be 
begun anew which consume much time. Usually the entire copy 
must be rewritten before it is sent to the printers. It is here the 
delay occurs. 

This indifference to a matter of such vital importance manifests a 
woeful lack of fraternity esprit and is a rank injustice to those mem- 
bers who are doing all in their power to forward the work. 

Combined with this is the slothful manner in which the cata- 
logue assessments are paid up ; and as the committee is authorized 
to depend upon these receipts for carrying forward the work, the 
result must be apparent. A more active co-operation must actuate 
its chapters in the future or else the publication will be indefinitely 
delayed, which under no consideration can we afford. The need is 
imperative and Phi Gamma Delta should show herself adequate to 
the occasion. 

• • • 

• • • 

OUR NEW CHAPTERS.— The Fraternity may well congratu- 
late itself upon the new chapters recently established. Worcester 
Polytechnic, Leland Stanford, Jr., and New York University form 
a coterie, which from all reports are strikingly alike in characteris- 
tics as well as in the universally favorable reports received concern- 
ing them. The fact that the former set of petitioners were chosen 
by members of Iota Mu and Beta chapters gives proof of one thing — 
they will be good fraternity men, and the enthusiasm of the return- 
ing delegates and visitors indicates that other requisites are not 
wanting. The same might with equal truth be said of Lambda 
Sigma, an account of whose founding appeared in the January issue. 
In speaking of this chapter the Delta of Sigma Nu remarked : 

" A chapter of Phi Gamma Deita was organized by the chapter 
at Berkeley through Mr. J. K. Wight, of the senior class, and, all 
in all, their twelve or fourteen men make a very creditable cluster 
of ' black diamonds.' " 



132 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The new chapter does great credit to its founders, and with two 
such chapters west of the Rockies, the honor of 0. 7\ J. may be 
safely entrusted to their care. 

To the efforts of Upsilon and some of her sons are we chiefly 
indebted for the new chapter in New York University, which now 
numbers twenty men, chosen by the aid of two Delta professors in 
the faculty and endorsed unqualifiedly by the New York chapters 
and many resident members. 

The New York World of the morning following the institution 
of the chapter had the following to say : 

" The institution of the Nu Epsilon Chapter of the Phi Gamma 
Delta Fraternity at the University of the City of New York took 
place at the * Fiji ' club-house, on Forty-fifth street, last Friday 
night. Several hundred members were present, and they gave the 
candidates for admission a good send-off. 

" The fraternity has now forty-three chapters, the latest addi- 
tions being those at the Leland Stanford, Jr., University, in Cali- 
fornia ; the Worcester Polytechnic Institute and the University of 
the City of New York. 

" After the initiation ceremonies the assemblage proceeded en 
masse to the Grand Union Hotel, where they sat down to a ban- 
quet prepared for them by the ' baby ' chapter. Notes of con- 
gratulation were received from many of the members in distant 
cities and from the various chapters. 

Communications which the Quarterly has received from all three 

chapters indicate them to be composed of men sterling in character 

and enthusiastic in fraternity work. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 



ALPHA. 

WASHINGTON AND JEFFERSON COLLEGE. 

One more term has passed at Washington and Jefferson and 
Phi Gamma Delta is still to be found in the front ranks. 

We now number seventeen loyal Deltas, our last initiate being 
George A. Dickson, '94, of Birmingham, Pa., whom we take great 
pleasure in introducing to the Fraternity at large. 

For the ensuing year Bro. Weirick will represent us as editor- 
in-chief of the college paper, Bro. Anderson as literary editor and 
Bro. Potter as associate 'editor. 

Bro. Gardner plays lead banjo and Bro. Bell the mandolin in 
the College Banjo, Mandolin and Guitar Club. 

In athletics, our boys are always to be found, and, unless all 
signs fail, they will make a splendid showing at our annual inter- 
class contest and inter-college meet. 

Bro. Logan manages the base ball team this spring. All we can 
ask of him is to follow in the footsteps of Bro. Blayney, who was 
manager last spring, and his efforts will meet with great success. 

The most important event which I have to chronicle transpired 
on the last evening of the term. This was the time set for 
our annual inter-society contest, and a large and fashionable audi- 
ence greeted the contestants. The brothers of Alpha, together 
with their pretty and loyal sisters, turned out en masse to listen to 
Bro. Marcus W. Acheson, as essayist, and Bro. George A. Dickson, 
as debater for Franklin and Washington Society. We felt justly 
proud of them. The performances were of a very high order 
throughout. When the judge appeared to give the decisions, we 
waited with bated breath, and although the decision of the judges 
was against Bro. Acheson, we all felt that he had acquitted him- 
self nobly and was an honor to our Fraternity. But when the 
name of Bro. Dickson was pronounced as the winner of the debate, 
one mighty cheer rent the heavens, which signified to the world 
that F. and W. Society was richer by four points, and that new 



134 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

honors had been conferred upon our brother. We hastily as- 
sembled at our hall, where a banquet was waiting us, in honor of 
our two brothers. After doing justice to the feast, college and Fra- 
ternity songs were sung, glowing speeches were delivered, and at 
an early hour in the morning we separated to get our grips ready 
for our Easter vacation. 

With greetings to all sister chapters, 

I am, very fraternally, 

Jno. L. Dzahl. 

BETA. 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

Beta is happy to be able to greet her sister chapters again through 
the pages of the Quarterly. We have no new brother to intro- 
duce, but we are watching several men whom we contemplate 
taking into the chapter. 

The Sophomore, Junior, and Senior dances all came off before 
Lent, and Phi Gamma Delta was well represented at all of them. 
They were great successes both socially and financially. 

Brother Elliott, Kendrick and Weber are our representatives on 
the " Mask and Wig," the dramatic club of the college, and we 
expect them to bring great credit to the fraternity by their acting. 

Brother Coates has been appointed captain of the squad of bicy- 
clers, who are training for the college athletic team, and we know 
he will make the best out of the good material he has. 

Since our last letter Brother Alburger has been quite seriously 
ill, but he is now improving rapidly. However, we fear that he will 
not be able to come back to college, as he has lost so much time 
that he cannot make it up, and does not wish to drop back a year. 

The medicals are nearing their examinations now, and our broth- 
ers in that department are getting down to very hard work. 

Wishing great prosperity to all the chapters, 

I am, fraternally yours, 

Andrew W. Crawford. 

DELTA. 

BUCKNELL UNIVERSITY. 

Delta sends greeting to her sister chapters once more. When a 
score of fellows walk half a mile on a cold winter night to attend 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 135 

their weekly meeting, it is safe to say that something very interest- 
ing is going on. But whether some great event in college life has 
taken place, or is about to, makes no difference with Delta's sons. 
Out of sheer good will and a whole-hearted fraternal love for one 
another our men rarely absent themselves. 

Some of the boys tremble over our prosperity, thinking it an 
omen of evil. We remember hearing this shortly after the election 
of Mirror editors for the coming six months. It was clearly a 
miracle that kept Brother Thomas on the staff and made Brother 
Hulley editor-in-chief, thereby defeating the object of a powerful 
0. K. y., alias Non-frat.. ticket. Many were the wily snares, 
the hidden plots, and the " inductions dangerous " during this elec- 
tion, but our boys, feeling that it would be a disgrace to " stoop 
to conquer," fought it out with the same truthfulness, integrity, 
and manliness which is a requirement of admission to our charmed 
circle. 

It pleases us to introduce to the fraternity world Brother Robert 
Trainer, a very popular fellow among the students in the academy 
and one of the best gymnasts in the university. Of his associates 
in " Prepdom," Brother Nice is president of his class and of the 
Athletic Association, and Brother Williams is academy correspond- 
ent for the Mirror. 

In college, also, two of our men hold the chairs in the literary 
societies and Brother Thomas is president of the Y. M. C. A. for 
the ensuing year. 

Brother Allen, the foot-ball captain who led our team on to so 
many victories during the past season, has been elected president 
of '92. Rumor has it that Brother Smith is the winner of the 
Freshman prize in declamation, he being the only member of his 
class as yet in the fraternity. Several members of the Freshman 
class have been " spotted," and will probably be introduced in 
the next Quarterly. 

February witnessed a grand love feast of our sworn friends, the 
Sigma Chi's, and Delta Chapter, at the Hotel De Haag in Milton. 
When nothing edible was left upon the tables except the tooth- 
picks, Symposiarch Allen arose amid showers of chaff, and made 
his little speech, after which he contented himself with introducing 
the speakers from both fraternities. Although much mirth found 



136 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

vent, yet there were many things said that were worthy of serious 
consideration. The friendship that has existed for years between 
the two fraternities was shown that evening in a way to astonish 
the new members who, up to that time, had known of it only by 
hearsay. And when late in the night all clasped hands around the 
table no one doubted but that the two bodies would work as one 
while the Greek letter world had an existence at Bucknell. 

The wearers of the diamond and the A. send, this time, their 
budget of news to the world through a new scribe, Brother Davis 
having recently resigned his office, and hope that where the Royal 
Purple obtains, his items may have the same attention paid them 
that those of other scribes receive at Delta hands. 

Fraternally yours, 

Bromley Smith. 

EPSILON. 

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

Greetings to 0. T. A., one and all ; A. 2., II. /., and last N. E / 
Welcome ye three! May your careers ever be as pleasant and your 
success as genuine as has been that of old Epsilon, the Fijian 
star southmost in Delta's constellation. We have not often had 
that intermingling with different chapters which tends to bind to- 
gether and strengthen our organization, although, now and then, 
a Greek, straying from some distant lodge, has chanced to cross 
our path, and thus, at intervals, has the reflection from sister altars 
flashed across our sky, quickening and brightening the home of 
"Tarheel " Phi Gams. 

Among the Deltas in N. C. are represented B. A., T. 0., A. J., Z. 
J. and 0. E., of course, brings up the rear with the majority. 

It may be interesting to know the membership of the fraternities 
as represented here : A. K. E. has io ; 0. T. J., io ; 2. A. E. $ 9; 
A. T. Q. 9 6 ; 0. K. 2., 6 ; B. 8. /7., 10 ; S. X., 3 ; 2. N. $ 10 ; 0. J. 
0., 2 ; Z. ¥., 12 ; AT. A. $ 5. A body of men in the law class have 
petitioned for, and are generally believed to have received, a char- 
ter from 0. J. 0. If such be the case, 0. J. 0. can have done 
herself no harm, there being no other organization in the law 
class of forty-six members. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE-. 137 

The board of editors expect to get out our college annual, The 
HelUnian, some time in April, and right here we would like to 
state that we solicit exchanges from the other chapters whose col- 
leges publish such annuals. 

We have had with us for the past two months Bro. J. V. Lewis, 
of the State Geological Survey, who has added much to our pleas- 
ure, and greatly benefited us by his sage advice. 

We gladly take advantage of this opportunity to introduce 
through these columns our new frater, Leslie Weil, class of '95. 

The base ball team intends to do some good work this spring. 
The majority of the players are young and inexperienced. How- 
ever, with training, we hope to be fairly successful. 

Athletics at U. N. C. are on a boom. In truth, since the new 
president has come in everything seems infused with new life, and 
we predict much success for 0. J 1 . J. during the ensuing term. 

Jas. Sawyer. 

ETA. 

MARIETTA COLLEGE. 

Eta sends greeting to her sister chapters, hoping to hear as pleas- 
antly and from as many of them as in the last issue of the Quar- 
terly. Unfortunately they can not hear as pleasantly from us. 
Eta has passed through deep waters since writing the letter in which 
she sent Christmas greetings to all. 

For the first time since the founding of the chapter here, death 
has walked into our midst and taken from her active ranks one of 
the worthiest and noblest Greeks. On the morning of the 2 2d of 
January, Brother William W. Hayman left the class room feeling 
unwell ; on the morning of the 24th, Sunday, less than forty-eight 
hours later, his death was announced. Brother Hayman had 
been a member of Eta for four years; he was an exception- 
ally strong man in all departments of college work. He 
ranked second of the Senior class in general scholarship, 
while as an athlete he was without an equal in college. 
In everything pertaining to college life he was earnest and enthusi- 
astic. He was everybody's friend, and held as high a place in the 
esteem of the body of students and professors as any man conected 
with the college. But we who knew him as a brother, knew him 



13$ PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

best. He was a brother loyal and sympathetic, true to every prin- 
ciple that Greek holds dear. After a short but impressive service 
Monday morning, conducted by the professors and the pastor of 
the M. E. church, which Brother Hayman attended, the college 
marched en masse to the depot with his remains, which were taken 
to his home at Letart Falls. Brother McKinney, '87, of the fac- 
ulty ; Brother Kaiser, '90, representing Eta graduate chapter, and 
Brothers Blish, Blake, Gear, Jones, Douglass and Maiden accom- 
panied the remains and assisted at the funeral exercises the follow* 
ing day. Professor McKinney spoke in behalf of the faculty and 
college ; Brother Blish in behalf of the class and fraternity. 

The class of '92 has established the " W. W. Hayman Scholar- 
ship, by the Class of '92," in memory of their departed classmate. 

Marietta College has joined the Athletic League of Ohio Col- 
leges. All are now looking forward to an interesting series of con- 
tests with the other colleges of the league. By reason of her iso- 
lated location Marietta has not heretofore felt justified in joining 
any such organization, but the present arrangement gives much 
promise of success. 

Our meetings this term have been active and interesting ; a gen- 
eral air of prosperity seems to "permeate all our fraternal workings. 
With best wishes to all, fraternally yours, 

B. F. Maiden. 

ZETA. 

INDIANA STATE UNIVERSITY. 

Since our last letter, Zeta has added two more to the list of the 
wearers of the royal purple. Bro. Francis D. Simons, of Wash- 
ington, D. C, and Bro. Clarence A. Zaring, of Salem, Indiana. 
Bro. Zaring* s father was a member of Zeta in 1870. 

Bro. C. M. Hubbard, class '92, covered himself with glory by 
taking the first place at our primary oratorical contest. On the 
state contest he was defeated, as his oration was directly opposed 
to the religious views of two of the judges. His subject, " The 
Higher Selfishness," was handled in his own original style. 

The reception given to the Phi Gamma Deltas of the state by 
Bro. Wilmer Christian, at his home in Indianapolis, will long be 
remembered by all who attended. Being given on the night of the 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 139 

contest, it enabled representatives from all of the four chapters to be 
present. May such gatherings increase in number! 

In the annual athletic contest (or rather " scrappin' match/') 
between the Sophs, and the Freshies., which occurs about February 
a 2d, and keeps on lasting, Bros. Hottel and Nesbit, of the 
Sophomore class, were acknowledged the best all-around athletes 
in college. In running, jumping, wrestling, etc., they were vic- 
torious on all occasions. 

While Zeta has no large number in any one branch of college 
work or sport, she has always one or two leaders in every branch 
who make her name felt and heard all over college. 

We have now outgrown our present quarters and are looking for 
a new abode. We do not wish to rent a chapter house and we do 
not feel wealthy enough to buy or build one, so we are now cast- 
ing about for another scheme. Fraternally youfs, 

H. W. Nuckols. 

XI. 

PENNSYLVANIA COLLEGE. 

Xi has not been represented by a chapter letter for some time. 
This has not been caused by neglect on the part of the correspon- 
dent, but by a misunderstanding. 

We have yet to report our initiates for this year. They are : 
Harry L. Hoffman, Ashland, Pa.; J. C. Modara, Roaring Springs, 
Pa.; Charles A. Shaar, Steel ton, Pa.; Edward H. Wert, Harris- 
burg, Pa. They are the best of fellows and we feel proud of them. 
The active chapter is now fourteen strong and thoroughly con- 
genial. It took us some time to become accustomed to meeting in 
our new lodge, and even now the fraters, in passing, cast fond 
glances at the old house in town where Xi met for so many years. 

A number of our alumni visited us during the fall term, and for 
a week we enjoyed the company of the entire Gamma Phi chapter 
of Pa. State College, the students of which were camping here. 
We became well acquainted with them and regard them as good 
company. 

The presence of State College here helped our foot-ball team 
along materially. The only game lost (of six played) was to them 
during that week. Bro. Huber covered himself with glory 



140 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

the season by his excellent work as quarter-back. We hold the 
silver cup as champions in the inter-fraternity tennis tournament. 
Thus it is seen that in athletics we are strictly "in it." In the 
musical organizations of college we are, as usual, prominent. 

In the election of officers for the Junior Annual, the non-frats. 
combined to shut out fraternity men, and, as a natural result, the 
five fraternities, with the help of some non-frats., are opposing it. 
The non-frats. are learning that, to make such an affair a success, 
they must have the Greeks with them. 

Pennsylvania College enjoys the distinction of being the fourth 
college in the land having a chair of Biblical Literature. It was 
recently endowed by a Mr. Strong, of Philadelphia. Bro. Huber's 
father, the Rev. Dr. £. Huber, of Philadelphia, will likely be of- 
fered the position. 

Our base ball team for the coming season promises well. A 
trainer has been procured and the men are at work. 

Interest at present is centered in the Junior oratorical contest, 
which takes place on March 22. Xi has one man who will enter. 

The Graeff prize essay slipped away from 0. T. J. this year ; it 
is only the fourth time in fourteen years that this has occurred. 

Fraternal regards to all, 

F. H. Knubel. 

LAMBDA. 

DE PAUW UNIVERSITY. 

Lambda again sends greeting to her sister chapters. We have 
enjoyed a most prosperous year. Since our last letter we have 
added another link to our chain, Brother Cutler, '94. We have 
also pledged another man, Brother Patton, '97, and now number 
seventeen active members. 

Phi Gamma Delta is not backward in taking college honors. At 
the Pan Hellenic banquet Brother O. W. McGinniss was toast- 
master and he also holds the position of president of the 
Senior class. Brother C. A. Cook has been elected by the 
Junior class to represent them in the board of directors of the 
Athletic Association. Brother Wilkinson is assistant business man- 
ager of the Mirage, the [college annual. Brother P. R. Jones is 
business manager of the De Pauw Record, a fortnightly paper. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 14! 

Brother Will Finnell was chosen by the faculty as one of the com- 
mencement speakers of the Senior prep, class. Brother Patton 
was recently elected president of the Middle prep, class. 

Brother £. C. Ridpath, '91, is with us again this year, doing 
post-graduate work. He goes to Europe in June for a year's study 
and travel. 

Brother Wilmer J. Christian, ^"., entertained the Indiana Phi 
Gams in a most royal manner at his home on Alabama street, In- 
dianapolis, on the evening of March n. 

A new sorority is to make its appearance here in a few days, — 
the Tri-delts. There are already nine fraternities and three sorori- 
ties: *. r. j., j. k. e. 9 j. t. j., j. r., i. x. 9 *. j. *., b. e. #., z. 

N., *. K. W., K. K. T., A. *., and K. A. 9. 

With best wishes for the welfare of our sister chapters and the 
success of the Quarterly, I remain fraternally, 

Harry S. Tribby. 

NU. 

BETHEL COLLEGE. 

Since last heard from Deltaism in our midst has made rapid 
progress. The old members have been inspired with new zeal and 
fixedness of purpose, while new members have caught the spirit 
of the work. Nu chapter has put on quite a different aspect from 
that of old. The hall heretofore occupied by the chapter was not 
what the name implies. It was void of every comfort and orna- 
ment. Now her walls, once bare, are covered with beautiful paper 
and studded with paintings ; her woodwork has been beautified by 
the painter's touch ; her windows, formerly dingy and unsightly, 
have been adorned with tapestry of the rarest texture, while her 
floor is covered with a variegated carpet. 

We hear of success crowning the efforts of those that were lately 
among us. Eight of Nu's young men are now students of the 
"Southern Baptist Theological Seminary." These young men 
have placed the standing of Bethel College where she is not second 
to any college represented in the institution. 

Although we be silent at times, yet there exists in our midst a 
true 4ove for Deltaism ; and we shall always hope to be with those 
who are ever ready to help her cause and advance her prosperity. 

P. B. Grant. 



i4* frtf I GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

PI. 

ALLEGHENY COLLEGE. 

Since our last letter we have added one more to our number, and 
present Thomas F. Smiley, '93, of Oil City, Pa., as a worthy 
wearer of the purple. 

In the recent declamation contest of Allegheny Literary Society, 
Bro. R. T. Hatch won praises for himself and glory for the chap- 
ter by carrying off the prize. 

Through the generosity of some recent alumni and undergradu- 
ates, we were recently presented with two very fine carpets, which 
add much to the appearance and comfort of Phi Gamma Delta 
Place. 

The social side of fraternity life has never been neglected by the 
members of Pi, and this year has seen no exception to the rule. 
Besides many smaller events, we gave, last term, the largest and 
most successful reception of the year. 

As a result of a recent meeting of the students Allegheny de- 
cided to withdraw from the Inter-Collegiate Oratorical Association. 
We are still in the Athletic Association, however, and hope to 
meet some brother Deltas at the spring meet in Pittsburg. With 
congratulations to the fraternity upon the new chapters, I am 

Fraternally, 

B. A. Heydrick. 

TAU. 

HANOVER COLLEGE. 

While Phi Gamma Delta has not captured all of the honors at 
Hanover, she has received her share. Brothers A. D. Cutler and 
H. W. Burger were our representatives on the Sophomore exhibi- 
tion, while Brother £. A. Cutler was salutatorian on the Junior ex- 
hibition. Brothers Archer, F. A. Sehlbrede and C. R. Hamilton 
are on the annual exhibition of the Philal. Society. We have the 
leaders of two, and perhaps three, out of the four college classes, 
and the average in scholarship of the whole chapter last term was 
9+» grading on the scale of 10. 

It is with great pleasure that we introduce to you Brother D. 
Howard Peak, '94, of Bedford, Ky., our latest initiate. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 143 

Brother J. Edgar White, '95, was compelled to leave college on 
account of the death of his father. Brother H. C. Scott, '94, how- 
ever, has returned, and we still number sixteen. 

The relative numerical standing of our rivals is as follows : J. T. 
A., 3 ; B. 9. 77., 9 ; I. X. 9 n; #. J. 0., 9. K. A. 0., the only ladies' 
fraternity in college, has nine members. 

Brother A. B. Crowe upholds the honor of the fraternity in ath- 
letics. Besides being on the foot ball team last fall, he is a mem- 
ber of the base ball team, which has lately been organized. 

Yours fraternally, 

G. £. Sehlbrede. 

PSI. 

WABASH COLLEGE. 

The annual period of change and awakening has struck Wabash 
and the spring poet is no longer a novelty. " Forth to the cold, 
hard world" is the burden of the Seniors' song coming from the 
stately figures clad in mortar-boards and gowns. The Junior's face 
wears an arch," bide a wee " smile, and '94 is preparing to decline 
from its blaze of Sophomoric glory to the insignificant ante-room 
of Senior blessedness. 

Winter pleasures are gone. The ball and party are still with us, 
but it is the base ball and the picnic party. Something more in- 
vigorating has taken the place of literary contests, and Sophocles 
and Pindar gracefully give way to the Olympic sports which they 
celebrate. 

Still we would not have you infer that Psi has lain dormant these 
winter months. Since Christmas we have initiated Brothers Trout 
and Hall and pledged one prep. All are fine men. Delta has 
secured her usual number of offices lately, — among them the most 
important on -the college and class teams, athletic and oratorical 
associations, two of the six editors on the Wabash staff, and man- 
ager and secretary of the Ouiatenon. 

The chapter attended in a body the reception given by Brother 
Christian to the Phi Gams in the State. We are preparing to send 
down a big delegation to the State convention at Hanover in May 
and anticipate a fine trip. 



144 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Brothers Christian and Zener, who attended the alumni banquet 
at Chicago, on the 27th of February, are glad to say that they never 
had a more pleasant time or met a more genial assemblage of Fijis. 

CM. Zener. 

UPSILON. 

COLLEGE OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK. 

Starting with only ten active members, the prospects for the en- 
suing year at Upsilon were especially gloomy because the Fresh- 
man class to all appearances had very little fraternity material. 

However we have added five new members to our roll, whom 
we take pleasure in introducing to our brothers of 0. J\ J. They 
are : Brother George K. Martin, '93 ; Brother Henry B. Heyl- 
man and Brother John F. Lennon, '94 ; Brother Loton H. Slaw- 
son and Brother Herbert £. Meyers, '95. All possess sterling 
qualities which will make them worthy brothers. 

Upsilon stands best represented in '93, where we will certainly 
have the valedictorian and perhaps the salutatorian. Our only 
representative in athletics is Brother Spahr, who has twice broken 
the college bicycle record. By the determined and united efforts 
of all the brothers we succeeded in electing him on the fifth ballot 
as one of the three delegates our college sends to the inter-col- 
legiate athletic convention. 

At present we have one Senior, six Juniors, four Sophs, and four 
Freshmen. 

As all the brothers know by this time, we have another chapter 

in New York, and are now the only fraternity which has a chapter 

in all three New York colleges. With best wishes to all our sister 

chapters, I am 

Fraternally yours, 

John Frederick Lennon. 
ALPHA DEUTERON. 

ILLINOIS WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY. 

Alpha Deuteron is enjoying that degree of prosperity which has 
ever attended her career. The Wesleyan Echo, a successful col- 
lege paper, is still managed exclusively by her members. At the 
primary oratorical contests recently held by the three literary so- 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 145 

cieties for the purpose of selecting two representatives each for the 
final contest to be held in June, we were represented in two of the 
societies by two brothers : Ira R. Loar and L. £. Lackland. These 
won first place respectively in their societies, and give us a strong 
representation for the final contest. 

We hail with joy the establishment of the graduate chapter at 
Chicago. Illinois should have at least three more chapters — at 
the Northwestern University, at the new Chicago University, and 
at the University of Illinois at Champaign. The U. of I. is a great 
and growing institution, and backed as it is by the "Empire State 
of the West," cannot fail of always being in the lead. It has 
newly been opened to fraternities, and we would do well to make 
some effort to establish a chapter there. 

A graduate chapter is at present talked of among the alumni 
of Bloomington. 

The boys of Alpha Deuteron are becoming enthused on the 
matter of a chapter house. A strong committee has been ap- 
pointed to ascertain whit are the prospects for executing the pro- 
ject. If any chapter or brothers, having had experience along 
this line, can give us any good suggestions they will be fraternally 
appreciated. Yours in the bonds of <P. r. J., 

Cyrus W. Bigler. 

GAMMA DEUTERON. 

KNOX COLLEGE. 

The past year has showered manifold blessings upon us, but in 
the height of our prosperity she let fall a pall of sorrow that for 
the time more than shut out from our minds the appreciation of 
our good fortune. We refer to the death of Brother George Eg- 
bert Folger, whose sad and untimely end was rendered the more 
deplorable because of his sterling qualities as a brother and a col- 
lege man. 

We take pleasure in presenting to the fraternity at large Brothers 
Charles A. Gridley, Virginia ; Orville P. Bassett, Sterling ; O. A. 
Hauerbach, Salt Lake City, Utah ; Charles Robert Barge, of 
Dixon ; and Victor Hugo Bassett, of Aledo. All save the last, who 
is a '93 man, are members of '95 and all are proving themselves 
earnest and worthy " Fijis." 



146 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Some honors have fallen to our lot since we were last heard 
from : Brother Tanner, '91, was the salutatorian of his class and 
also the ranking officer of the Cadet Battalion ; Brother Weston, 
'92, represented Knox at the inter-collegiate oratorical contest held 
at Monmouth and succeeded in capturing second prize. Brother 
Weston is also editor-in-chief of the Coup cTEtat, the college jour- 
nal. Brother Charles Adams, '95, in a competive drill won the 
Mills medal, which is annually awarded to the best disciplined 
cadet. 

Last year our commencement banquet was the event of the sea- 
son, excepting, perhaps, Phi Delta Th eta's banquet to President 
Harrison. 

The visits of Brother R. S. Kimball, section chief of Section VI., 
who is attending Lombard University here, are much enjoyed and 
have proved of much benefit to the chapter. 

Fraternally, 

Wilber L. Evans. 

DELTA DEUTERON. 

HAMPDEN-SIDNEY COLLEGE. 

Again Delta Deuteron's scribe has the pleasure of greeting the 
sister chapters, and especially the new ones. We are confident that 
the G. C. showed a wise policy of extension in granting the charters. 
We trust that the charter to Trinity college may yet be granted, as 
it is one of the most desirable points in the south for a chapter. 
This college has plenty of money, over two hundred students, six- 
teen professors, a high curriculum, and is without a fraternity. 
Such a chance as this should not be overlooked ; all the chapters 
of this section are desirous that the charter be granted. We hope 
to be well represented at the convention of Section III. 

The Chi Phi fraternity celebrated their quarter-centennial a 
short time ago ; and Brother Ned B. Campbell was our representa- 
tive at their banquet. 

We have joined to our number one man since the last Quarterly, 
Brother Jos. C. Spotswood, of Petersburg, Va., a brother of W. 
F. Spotswood, Jr. 

We are glad to welcome Brother Lacy again into our midst. He 
is not attending college, but is in business on the hill. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE:. 147 

Brother Robert C. Nicholas, owing to ill health, has left college. 
We sincerely hope that he may have an early recovery. 

Recently Brother A. A. Little (J. J., '83), who is engaged in 
evangelistic work, paid us a short visit, which was very much en- 
joyed by all. 

Our prospects for the next session are very flattering. With best 

wishes for the success of the Quarterly and the fraternity at 

large, I am 

Fraternally yours, 

Dandridgb Spotswood. 
EPSILON DEUTERON. 

MUHLENBERG COLLEGE. 

E. J. again gladly avails herself of the privilege to greet her 
sister chapters through the columns of our excellent Quarterly. 

The chapter has augmented its number by the addition of V. J. 
Bower, '95. Bro. Bower leads his class, and promises to become 
a zealous worker. 

The Sophomore class enjoyed their annual banquet at the Grand 
Central Hotel on the night of February 10th. Inspired by the 
event, the " Freshies" resolved to paint the town green, in conse- 
quence of which several of their number were granted a vacation. 

The chapter proposes to hold a banquet at the Hotel Allen on 
June 23. Should any Phi Gams feel disposed to be with us, they 
will be gladly welcomed. 

The Juniors are busily engaged in publishing a college annual. 
It has been christened the Ciarla. The custom had for some 
years past fallen into desuetude, and its revival redounds to the 
glory of '93. 

The Seniors held their class benefit in Music Hall on March 
3d, engaging for the occasion the University of Pennsylvania Glee 
and Banjo Clubs. We were pleased to meet Bro. V. J. Gable, of 
Beta, who is a member of the Glee Club. 

Bro. Klein, '93, has been engaged during the spring term as in- 
structor in Latin and Greek at the Keystone Normal School, 
Kutztown, Pa. 

Fraternally, 

P. A. DeLong. 



14* PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

ZETA DEUTERON. 

WASHINGTON AND LEE UNIVERSITY. 

Since our last letter Zeta Deuteron has made a decided conquest. 
She takes great pleasure in introducing to the fraternity Brother 
Wallace Law Maxwell, of Florida. He is an enthusiastic base- 
ballist, and has already won for himself a place of no mean stand- 
ing as a student. Our victory, too, is heightened by the fact that 
after the most mature deliberation and having been canvassed by 
five other fraternities, he decided to cast in his lot with Phi Gamma 
Delta. 

Brother C. C. Stone, much to our regret, was detained at home 
after the holidays by sickness, and will not return until next ses- 
sion. 

Brother W. H. Turpin, '91, after having completed his business 
education at Poughkeepsie, N. Y., has now settled down in his 
home at Macon, Ga. 

It is a notable fact that Phi Gamma Delta at W. & L. U. has 
been awarded already, this year, six out of the eight presidencies 
of college organizations, besides numerous minor positions. She 
will probably have two men on the base-ball team this spring. She 
stands in the fore-front of college life, and is prosperous and in ex- 
cellent financial condition. 

With best wishes for the fraternity at large, and for the G. C, 
I remain, fraternally yours, 

W. E. Darnall. 

THETA DEUTERON. 

OHIO WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY. 

The University has taken a leap forward this year, and the ad- 
vance in all departments of the college life has been in itself an in- 
spiration to the students. The catalogue will show an enrollment 
of over 1200 students, including the preparatory department. 

The greatest event of fraternity interest was the Pan Hellenic 
banquet at the Hotel Donavin, Friday evening, February 26th. 
Brother Walden responded to the toast : " Pan-Hellenism in Ohio 
Wesleyan." 

We are delighted to present to brother Phi Gams, Albion J. An- 
drews, '92, our latest initiate. We have another man pledged. 



Chapter coRfcESPONDErtcE. 146 

Brother McVey has been elected editor-in-chief of the College 
Transcript for next year. 

The two events of greatest class interest were the receptions 
given at Monnett Hall ; first, by the Juniors to the Seniors, 
and second, the one given by the Sophomores to themselves. 
Brother Rector responded to the toast, "The Class of '93"; and 
Brother Ham was one of the speakers at the Sophomore recep- 
tion. Rector has been chosen to represent Zetagathean Society 
on next year's oratorical. 

Brother Grant Warren has left us to enter upon the study of law. 

The convention of Section IV meets here April 28th and 29th. 

Arrangements have been made for a large meeting, and nothing 

but the best of good times will be able to meet our expectations. 

Yours in Phi Gamma Delta, 

Ora C. Harn. 

LAMBDA DEUTERON. 

DENISON UNIVERSITY. 

We are still prosperous. The repairs on our chapter hall are 
now completed and we are much pleased with our enlarged and 
beautified home. 

Bro. White has returned to Denison and Lambda Deuteron. 

Since our last letter we have pledged two "pr.eps," — G. I. 
Hoover, of Hartford, O., and Grove Jones, of Granville, O. 

February 18th our local oratorical contest came off. There were 
five contestants. Three of these were Phi Gams who took the first 
three places in the following order: M. B. Price, Kinney and 
Gutches. 

The bail team has begun to practice. We will have at least two 
men on this team — Daub, pitcher, and Withoft, second base. We 
may have some others also when the team is fully chosen. 

We hope to meet many of Section IV boys at the convention 

with Theta Deuteron in April. 

Bruce Kinney. 

OMICRON DEUTERON. 

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY. 

Our chapter roll shows an increase of three over that of last 
term. C. W. Withoft, '95, of Dayton, O., and E. W. Cunning- 



t$> fffl GAMMA Dtil/fA QUARTERLY. 

ham, of Columbus, were initiated; while Bro. Sidney Bennett, who 
left the University last spring to travel in the West,has returned to 
us. Bro. Withoft plays on the base ball and foot ball teams, and 
Bro. Cunningham is leader of the O. S. U. Band and sings in the 
Glee Club. 

As our members have met with success in college so have they 
in the social world. On the eve of February 26th we gave a re- 
ception to our lady friends. The arrangements were in the hands 
of Bros. Pease, Wise and Dunlap, and the success of the occasion 
testifies to their ability in this direction. Several brothers from 
the Epsilon graduate chapter were in attendance and added gravity 
to the affair. 

On the two following Fridays impromptus held at the hall proved 
to be very enjoyable. 

Several brothers from neighboring chapters have favored us with 
visits this term. We were very happy to meet them, and hope that 
others will find it convenient to call around. 

Fraternally, 

H. H. Wolf. 

NU DEUTERON. 

YALE UNIVERSITY. 

Since January, A. Wells, of the class of '92, has been initiated 
into the chapter, as well as S. T. High and S. I. Motter, both 
members of the class of '95, of whom the one promises something 
in the way of athletics and the other in scholarship. 

Six men went from here on the 10th to Omega's annual dinner, 
given at the Brunswick Hotel, and brought back enthusiastic re- 
ports both of the dinner itself and their own increased knowledge 
and appreciation of the fraternity. For while they found Omega's 
wine both genial and good, they drank in more copious draughts 
of kindly feeling, which convinced them that there are currents 
which run deeper than water. And still better, for the glasses 
which hold this subtle potation are never empty because their 
memories keep them ever brimming. 

Arthur W. Colton. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 151 

PI DEUTERON. 

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS. 

Since our last letter we have had the pleasure of initiating into 
the genial brotherhood of #. T. J. Mr. Ben Horton. He is a 
brother of Brother R. S. Horton, one of our alumni now practicing 
law in Omaha, Neb. 

Our University foot ball team covered itself with glory in the 
past season. Base ball has again revived and the men are in the 
cage every day. We expect some good results from this practice 
and feel sure the University will carry off the State championship 
this spring. 

The Juniors and Seniors have recently organized a moot senate 
with the aim to follow the line of work in the National capital. 
The chair is held by one of the instructors and the unimpor- 
tant offices by the students. This was rendered necessary to pre- 
vent wire pulling Pi Deuteron is represented by your correspon- 
dent as treasurer and sergeant-at-arms. 

We recently had a very pleasant call from some Phi Gams from 
Zeta Phi, William Jewel College. 

In the local oratorical contest, your correspondent had the honor 
of carrying off first place, over five other fraternity men. In the 
inter-collegiate contest, with eight other colleges, he represented 
the University of Kansas and was awarded second place. By vir- 
tue of this position he is the first delegate from Kansas to the 
Inter-State contest to be held at Minneapolis in May. 

Rev. George D. Rogers, an alumnus of Lambda Deuteron, has 
accepted the pastorate of the First Baptist church in this city. 
We wish him much success in his new field. 

The University Glee and Banjo Club will make a tour of the 
State in the spring. Several Phi Gams belong to the club. 

The University extension course has met with much success. 
Prof. L. I. Blake has the largest class in the United States. It is 
in Kansas City and numbers over four hundred. 

At our annual party, given some time since, we fully sustained 
our reputation as entertainers. 

Fraternally yours, 

J. M. Challiss. 



i$a PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

BETA MU. 

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY. 

Beta Mu has two initiates to report : Bro. I. Hooper Edmond- 
son, '93, and John W. Corning, '94. 

Bro. Edmondson is vice-president of his class and a member of 
the Guitar and Banjo Club. 

During the past year Beta Mu has increased her membership by 
five, making her number nineteen. We have also pledged several 
men who will enter the university next year, and have a good hold 
on a number of others. 

In our endeavors to render our rooms more attractive, we have 
been encouraged and aided by our lady friends, having been the 
recipients of several handsome gifts, articles of their own handi- 
work, which now adorn our walls or render our furniture more com- 
fortable. On our own account we have further added pictures, 
new furniture, a piano and a £soo billiard table. 

We are very fortunate in the situation of our rooms, which are 
but a block away from the university, and hence afford greater op- 
portunities for social gatherings than they would were they situated 
at a greater distance. 

In the latter part of February we gave a dance in our rooms to 
our young lady friends. About forty persons were present, com- 
prising a goodly share of that fair element for which Baltimore is 
so justly famed. At midnight there was an intermission, during 
which refreshments were discussed and a flash light taken. The 
affair was so successful that we intend to repeat it during the com- 
mencement season. 

In January last we were favored by a visit from Bro. Mattern, 
of Pi chapter. We were also favored by having Bro. Garnett 
Ryland of Rho Chi with us on a Saturday evening. 

As the year draws to a close we begin to look around to see 
what changes will occur in our midst. Bro. Kinley, now instruc- 
tor in History at the university, leaves to accept a similar position 
in the University of Wisconsin. Bros. Mikkelson, Howe and 
Kohler receive their Ph. D. degrees, and Bros. Chestnut and Baker 
are graduated, the latter of whom will return to pursue post- 
graduate work. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 153 

Beta Mu sends her best wishes for the success of her sister chap- 
ters and hopes they may have an outlook as promising as her own. 

Fraternally yours, 

John W. Corning. 

BETA CHI. 

LEHIGH UNIVERSITY. 

Beta Chi submits her apologies to the Quarterly and to her 
sister chapters for the non-appearance of our letter in the last issue. 

Since our October letter we have initiated Bros. Ayres, '95, of 
Williamsport, Pa.; Bordley, '95, of Centreville, Md.; Brown/95, 
of Centreville, Md.; Lackley, '93, of Altoona, Pa.; Melvin, '95, of 
Bradford, Pa.; and Price, '95, of Centreville, Md. These men, 
in addition to Bros. Southgate, '95, Annapolis, Md.; Wager, '95, 
Hinton, W. Va., and Faison, '95, of Eliot, N. .C, raise the num- 
ber of initiates to nine, for the present year. Although the num- 
ber of our initiates for this year is greater that of any other frater- 
nity here, they were not to be obtained without considerable hard 
rushing on our part, as the rivalry existing between the different 
fraternities is very strong. 

The mid -winter sports held in the gymnasium on March 12th 
was the most interesting event of the season. 

At a meeting of the Pennsylvania Inter-Collegiate Association 
Brother Godshall, '93, was elected president. 

Brother Price, '95, is captain of the Freshman base ball team. 

Fraternity life becomes particularly pleasant at this season of 
the year, and as a chapter we are now adding to the comforts of 
our lodge. Our dining room has been newly furnished, and the 
room adjoining we have fitted up as a billiard room. The sleep- 
ing rooms and parlor, in addition to the other departments, are 
large and well situated. There are no dormitories at Lehigh, and 
our chapter house, offering as it does the comforts of a well ordered 
club, makes up in a great measure for the inconveniences of a 
home not on the college campus. 

Brothers Scott, '94, Potts, '93, and Mollmann, '94, attended the 
installation ceremonies of the Nu Epsilon Chapter at New York. 

Yours in 0. T. J., 

Rudolph C. Mollmann. 



154 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

GAMMA PHI. 

PENNSYLVANIA STATS COLLEGE. 

The letters to the Quarterly usually indicate universal success 
throughout the fraternity, and indeed nothing will arouse enthusi- 
asm in any enterprise more quickly than the narration of the suc- 
cesses of our friends. Thus Gamma Phi greets the fraternity at 
large through the columns of the excellent Quarterly and wishes 
in particular to extend her most cordial fellowship to the young 
chapters. 

The State College Junior annual, known as La Vie, has been 
greatly improved each year, and the last one issued is an excellent 
volume both in appearance and contents, reflecting much credit 
upon the editorial staff, among whom were four Phi Gams includ- 
ing the editor-in-chief. 

The victory which we wish to note now is that the class of '93 
has recently chosen Frater J. Murphy Small as editor-in-chief for 
their annual. Frater Small has also been appointed, by virtue 
of his good college record, as one of the orators for the Junior con- 
test next commencement. 

At the recent indoor sports, held in the armory March 5, we 
took first and second for putting the shot ; first in the mile 
walk, first in the one-half mile run, second in the one mile run, 
second in one-half mile walk, and second in the thirty-yard dash. 

Gamma Phi is strongly represented in the Senior class and con- 
sequently we will bid good-bye to a goodly section of our member- 
ship. We take delight in introducing to the fraternity Frater Chas. 
W. Heppenstall, '95, of Pittsburg, Pa. 

The same warm fellowship is due now to Frater Chas. R. Fay, 

'93, whose initiation took place but a few days ago. 

With fraternal greetings, I am 

George C. Butz. 

DELTA XI. 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 

College life in California has received a new stimulus in the 
form of intercollegiate contests. For days, yes, for weeks, the 
principal topic of conversation around the U. C. has been the 
event of March 19th— a foot ball game between the teams of the 



CHAP?** CORkfcSfcOttDENCfc. i$$ 

U. C. and Leland Stanford Jr. University. This is the first inter- 
collegiate game that has ever taken place here. The game was 
followed by a theatre party in the evening, one of the leading 
theatres having been engaged to accommodate the two universities. 
J. 8. secured a tally-ho for the afternoon. 

In the recent tennis tournament Bro. Rountree carried off the 
honors of the second class singles and will now play off with the 
first class men. 

Since our last letter to the Quarterly, two new fraters have 
ridden J. £.'s goat into the mystic circle of #. r. J. — Bros. Percy 
H. O'Brien, '95, and Johnson, '95. Bro. O'Brien is a brother of 
V. L. O'Brien, '92. 

Bro. P. L. Weaver, '91, has accepted the position of managing 
editor of the Overland Monthly. 

Bro. Sutherland, ex-^i, is at the Cooper Medical College, San 
Francisco. 

Since the last issue a new member of the Greek world has ap- 
peared in our midst. Sigma Nu has added another name to its 
list of charters and has established a chapter of eleven men at the 
U. C. during the past month. Fraternally, 

Thomas S. Molloy. 

IOTA MU. 

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY. 

Within the last few months everything has been running smoothly 
in our chapter and we are beginning to look forward to the future, 
when we will have to part with some of our oldest brothers. 

We have tnade arrangements to keep our old rooms, and now 
that spring is coming on we will take pleasure in looking out over 
Boston's beautiful public gardens, and congratulate ourselves 
that we are so well fixed. The most important event has been our 
banquet, an account of which appears on another page of the 
Quarterly. A large number of our old men were back and it 
might properly have been called a reunion, for quite a number of 
the brothers from other colleges disappointed us. 

We take great pleasure in introducing Brothers Harold G. Fitz 
and Charles £. Wray to the other brothers ; they are both in the 
Freshman class and are already working hard for our good name. 



156 PHl GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

We extend a hearty greeting to all of the brothers and with them 
a pleasant vacation. J. Ram sky Spxer. 

THETA PSI. 

COLGATE UNIVERSITY. 

The new year, with us, has been one of steady progress and en- 
thusiastic endeavor. 

Theta Psi has continued to make her rooms more attractive by 
adorning the walls with pictures, carpeting the last two rooms and 
placing a musical instrument in the hall. 

On the evening of February 2 2d, '93 gave her annual celebra- 
tion in harmony with the day. Bro. J. C. Hendrickson was the 
president of the occasion. The opera house was crowded, and of 
course the exercises, including the music, were a grand success. 

The college year has been a red-letter one in regard to our liter- 
ary exercises. Each week we have a debate or a symposium of 
essays upon some literary topic. These exercises are attended by 
every member In this way we receive what the college cannot give 
us, practical public work. Theta Psi could not do without her liter- 
ary exercises and strongly recommends such exercises to her sister 
chapters. 

The base ball team is practicing and expects to win the pennant, 
as she did last spring and fall. 

Wishing the very best of fortune to our sister chapters and mem- 
bers in the last months of the college year, 

I am, fraternally yours, 

Charles W. Haines. 

KAPPA NU. 

CORNELL UNIVERSITY. 

Since our last letter, we have initiated with all due and " ten- 
der " ceremony four new men, Brothers Louis Galbraith, A. L. 
Moody, A. E. Burt and H. L. Stevens. 

Brothers Moody and Burt have been successful in the competi- 
tion for places on the University Glee Club. They anticipate a 
" large " time on the extended western trip, which is about to be 
taken. The schedule for the tour includes Buffalo, Cleveland, 
Detroit and Chicago. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 157 

The gayest society week of the whole year was that in which '93*8 
Junior ball was given. It was a great success, as it always is. 
Brother Miles was on the committee, while Brother Hazelton was 
assistant leader of the cotillion. 

Among other happenings, Brother De Ford was elected Senior 
orator for the Law School for commencement. 

Brother Hasbrouck, our Senior-in-Law, was initiated into the 
mysteries of the secret law society — Chancery. 

The athletic events of the season were two winter meets. In the 
first, 0. r. J. and Kappa Nu can truthfully be said to have been 
"in it." Brother Osgood won the heavy-weight boxing cham- 
pionship, Brother Hadden the middle-weight, and Brother C. £. 
Timmerman the feather-weight, all the rounds being closely con- 
tested. In the second meet Brother Osgood was awarded — for the 
second time since he came to Cornell — a gold medal for being the 
best all-round athlete of the University. 

We hope to have our chapter picture inserted as a frontispiece 
of the Quarterly in the near future. 

C. B. Hadden. 

KAPPA TAU. 

UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE. 

Kappa Tau sends a sisterly salutation to the other chapters. 

The fall term at our University is nearly at an end and the in- 
termediate exams, almost at hand, consequently an unusual quiet- 
ness pervades the college precincts. A general good feeling exists 
among fraternity men here, each chapter keeping well within its 
own limits. 

We are proud to say that Kappa Tau, though small, is generally 
esteemed the best chapter in the University. We have able repre- 
sentatives in nearly every phase of college work, our members oc- 
cupy the best places in our military department, the literary so- 
cieties, clubs, and other organizations. At the head of all athletic 
and student movements generally, we have, at the same time, 
maintained an enviable standard in academic work. 

It grieves us to announce that we have been compelled to lose 
Brother Wait who graduated with the class of '90 and while pursuing 
the law course here occupied the office of general secretary of our 



158 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Y. M. C. A., which went into its new building at the beginning of 
the term. His place in that important branch of college work is 
occupied at present by Brother E. M. Davis. 

The University is enjoying an unusually successful year and a 
brighter prospect is promised tc the Deltas who remain till next 
year. 

With success to 0. T. J., I am, fraternally, 

George £. Dodge, Jr. 

MU SIGMA. 

UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA. 

Mu Sigma rejoices in her present prosperity and greets with 
pleasure her sister chapters through the pages of the Quarterly. 
The royal purple at the University waves with continued prosperity 
and everything betokens the welfare of our chapter. 

About two months ago a University cap was adopted and the 
first invoice of them has just arrived. They are Tam O'Shanters 
of dark maroon stuff, with tassel for the ladies and visor for the 
gentlemen. The classes are distinguished by variously colored 
cords. 

The all-absorbing Chicago University has taken one of our in- 
structors, Professor Judson, who is to be professor of mod- 
ern history and dean of the undergraduate department. 

The inter-state oratorical contest is to be held here May 5th. 
Any brothers expecting to attend will please write us as soon as 
convenient. 

The Republican National Convention meets in this city June 
7th. We expect to meet some of the alumni at that time. 

Brother Selden Crocket is now recovering from his illness and 
hopes to be with us next year. 

Brother Phillips is secretary of the Base Ball Association. 

A. E. Huntington. 
ZETA PHI. 

WILLIAM JEWELL COLLEGE. 

We note with great interest the increasing success of our frater- 
nity in all parts of the country. Although far in the west, we can 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 159 

almost feel the warm hand-clasp of the members of the new chap- 
ters. 

We have initiated John B. Wornall, Jr., '93, of Kansas City, 
whom we are proud to introduce to the readers as a man in every 
way filling the requirements of the fraternity. We also have an- 
other of the best men in school pledged. 

Your correspondent recently won the college medal for oratory, 
and will represent William Jewell in the inter- collegiate oratorical 
contest to be held in St. Louis. Z. 0. now holds four state medals, 
notwithstanding the facts that the contest was instituted only seven 
years since, and that seven colleges, including Missouri State 
University, compete. 

The 0. r. J. Mandolin Quartette, composed of Messrs. Avery, 
Jackson, Wornall and Messick has gained an enviable reputation 
both here and in Kansas City, where it has given several concerts. 

Fifty thousand dollars will be added to the endowment of Will- 
iam Jewell in May, $ 10,000 of which is the gift of Mr. Rockefeller. 

The last Quarterly speaks of the difficulty experienced in se- 
curing attendance at the convention from outlying chapters. If 
the mountain will not come to Mohammed, why not Mohammed 
go to the mountain? We think Kansas City would be an admira- 
ble place for the convention to meet at least once. It has been 
the scene of the recent Masonic convention and the K. of P. of 
America meet there next summer. 

W. J. Williamson. 

RHO CHI. 

RICHMOND COLLEGE. 

We are happy to announce that Bro. Ryland was unanimously 
elected for a second term as editor-in-chief of the Messenger, our 
college monthly. Never before have we had such a good maga- 
zine as we are having now under his management. Bro. Ryland 
was also the declaimer at the annual debate of the Philogian Liter- 
ary Society, and as usual did honor to himself and to us. 

The two societies have elected our own Zebulon B. Vance to be 
the final orator at their celebration in June. He will receive a 
warm welcome at the hands of the students, faculty, citizens of 
Richmond, and most of all from the members of Phi Gamma Delta, 



i6o PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

of which he is proud to be a member. We will have a banquet 
and general reunion of Deltas in this neighborhood at that time. 
We have received the picture of the last convention. It has been 
framed and hung in our hall, and now the countenances of Keck, 
McCauley and the other brothers look with interest upon our pro- 
ceedings. Bro. Thomas, one of the founders of Rho Chi, was 
married a few days ago to one of Richmond's fairest daughters. 
He is agent for the Fort Wayne Electric Company, and is making 
a great success. 

The suggestion made by one of our chapters in regard to having 
a gathering at Chicago during the World's Fair is heartily approved 
of by us. 

We were very glad lately to have a visit from Bros. Hawes and 
Nicholas, of Delta Deuteron. 

Fraternally, 

Harry S. Corey. 

PI IOTA. 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE. 

Since last writing Pi Iota has undergone important changes. 
For a short time we experienced a feeling of despondency, as de- 
sirable men did not clearly see the advantages of becoming broth- 
ers in so new a chapter, nor any material benefit to be derived 
therefrom. 

Through a little legitimate hustling on the part of all the broth- 
ers, we put the matter in the right light, have initiated six new 
brothers, have three more men pledged, and have besides put our- 
selves in a position to procure for the chapter almost any man in 
the institute, should we desire him. 

Our now loyal brothers whom I introduce to the fraternity, are: 
Curtis A. Tucker, '92, Westboro, Mass.; Robert S. Parks, '93, 
Fitchburg, Mass.; William C. Howe, '93, and Merrick Lincoln, '94, 
Worcester, Mass.; Ralph W. Emerson, '94, Orland, Me., and Alba 
H. Warren, '94, Worcester. 

Brother Stark, '93, has withdrawn from the institute to go into 

business, but resides in the city and is a regular attendant at the 

meetings. 

R. C. Cleveland. 



DELTA GOSSIP. 



Bro. Asa Duprey, J. 4., '74, has lately been elected to the judge- 
ship of the Circuit court of Roanoke, Va. 

Hon. John J. Serley, M. J. ,'75, was returned to Congress at the 
last election from the First Congressional district of Iowa. 

H. S. Mitchell, 0. J.,'90, is general chemist of the laboratories 
of Laughlin Junction Steel Company, Mingo Junction, O. 

Mr. Charles M. Kurtz, A., '70, editor of Academy Notes, has 
been chosen World's Fair Commissioner of the Fine Arts Depart- 
ment. 

Mr. J. B. Wood, /7. '89, was awarded second honors at the re- 
cent commencement exercises of the Western Pennsylvania Medi- 
cal College at Pittsburg, Pa. 

The Quarterly is in receipt of the Wesleyan Echo, which ap- 
pears to be a Phi Gamma publication from the appearance of the 
editorial staff. C. W. Bigler is editor-in-chief. 

H. O. Criddenden, A'. J., '90, is engaged in the wholesale and 
retail business at Stillman, Ga., but though far removed from the 
influence of fraternity life, he still continues a supporter of the 
Quarterly. 

David Kinley, B. M. '93, who has been acting as instructor in 
history at Johns Hopkins during the past year, has recently been 
appointed to an assistant professorship at the University of Wis- 
consin in the new school of Political Science, recently established 
there, of which Dr. R. T. Ely is the head. 

The many friends of Robert T. Herrick, !J , '84, will be pleased 
to know of his recent preferment in legal circles. The Kansas 
Mutual Life Insurance Company, which is doing one of the largest 
businesses in the west and northwest, has removed to Topeka and 
Brother Herrick has been chosen general attorney for the same. 



Ife PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

M. A. Mikkelson, B. M. f '92, (P. G.), whose thesis is elsewhere 
reviewed in this issue, is a recent contributor to the annals of the 
American Academy of Political Science of Philadelphia, Pa. His 
article is entitled "Municipal Electric Lighting in Chicago." 

Mr. Charles Hazenwinkle, who played the prominent character 
of Earl in "Little Lord Fauntleroy " at the Grand last week, 
graduated from the Illinois Wesleyan University in '71, and was 
also a member of Phi Gamma Delta fraternity. He is meeting 
with great success in his calling. — The Wabash. 

John C. Graham, (S. J.) has passed with credit his preliminary ex- 
amination entitling him to register as a student of law. Mr. Gra- 
ham, though young, has already acquired much business experi- 
ence. He has a bright intellect and a good education, which, 
with his untiring industry, lead his numerous friends to expect 
that he will become a shining light in his chosen profession. — 
Butler (Pa.) Record. 

Dr. Ed. Ross, (#. M. '91,) of the chair of economics and social 
science at Indiana State University, has accepted a position 
as instructor of economics at Cornell University. He has been 
connected with Indiana University only since last September, but 
in that time has made an excellent reputation in his specialty. His 
lectures at Indianapolis have also attracted much attention at Cor- 
nell. — Indianapolis News. 

The many friends of Dr. Ross will be pleased to know of his 
recent success. He also received calls from Leland Stanford, Jr. 
and Northwestern universities, both of which he declined in order 
to accept the Cornell offer. 

R. C. Crowthers, (n.,'go 9 ) who has been the faithful secretary of 
the Pittsburg Coal Exchange since its organization in April last, and 
river editor of the Post, has resigned both positions. He has ac- 
cepted a position with the Lysle Coal Company at a much better 
salary, and will leave next week to take charge of that company's 
interests at Cincinnati. While here Mr. Crowthers has been very 
successful, and has hosts of friends among river and newspaper 
men who wish him good fortune in his new work. — Pittsburg Post, 
January 30. 



HELLENIC HAPPENINGS. 



The list of New York fraternity clubs has been increased by the 
incorporation of the Chi Phi club. 

Zeta Psi is engaged in building a chapter house at Cornell to 
cost $40,000. Sigma Chi and Delta Upsilon are likewise erecting 
houses. 

Sigma Chi in her extension-ward movement has recently re- 
organized her defunct chapter at the University of Illinois and en- 
tered Vanderbilt and Leland Stanford, Jr., universities. 

Columbia College has recently been enriched by a munificent 
donation from Mr. George Vanderbilt, consisting of a number of lots 
valued at $115,000, located near the site of the proposed new 
buildings. Mr. Vanderbilt is a member of Delta Psi, Columbia. 

The State College of Pennsylvania, under the stimulus of recent 
encouragement from the state, has been making great advance- 
ment. Its quota of fraternities has been increased along with the 
advance in other directions, 0. A'. I., I. X. and K. I. having all 
flung out their banners in the past few months. 

Phi Beta Kappa assembles for her annual conclave at Saratoga 
in July next. Applications are said to have been received for 
charters in that honored organization from University of Pennsyl- 
vania, Tuft's, University of Minnesota, Wabash and Bucknell, of 
which the three first will in all probability be granted, the latter 
two being still pending. 

Kappa Alpha (northern) established her fifth chapter recently 
at Toronto (Ont.) University. This fraternity, which for years 
has reposed serenely complacent in its eastern home, has not 
established a chapter in years, the quartette of chapters at Union, 
Williams, Hobart and Cornell seeming in her mind to include all 
that was worthy among American educational institutions. 



164 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Delta Kappa Epsilon freed herself from the taint of her Har- 
vard chapter just in time to avoid the recent scandals which have 
become associated with the well-known "Dickey Club," which num- 
bers among its alumni many of Harvard's, as well as J. K. E.'s 
most prominent graduates. Alpha Delta Phi would, in the eyes 
of many, profit to her good name by following J. K. E.'s precedent. 

The Delta Upsilon quinquennial catalogue which has been in 
preparation these past eighteen months, has been recently issued. 
The work has been under the trained hands of Wilson L. Fair- 
banks, of Springfield, Mass., a man thoroughly conversant with 
fraternity affairs, and old in the service of his own order. From 
a typographical, statistical and biographical standpoint the edi- 
tion is said to surpass anything ever issued by the fraternity, and 
compares favorably with recent similar publications of other fra- 
ternities. 

Phi Theta Psi has a member at Johns Hopkins whom rumor says 
was initiated by mail and authorized forthwith to establish a chapter. 
In novelties the south certainly holds the palm. This device is 
almost comparable to that adopted by a southern order some time 
since, which sent its representatives throughout the north with 
plenary power of establishing chapters when and where he wished. 
This new use of the slot machine method has had the effect at 
least of unearthing many colleges in the north which were before 
unheard-of in educational circles. * 



REVIEWS. 



THE COMPLETE WORKS OF WALTER BAGEHOT. 

5 Vols. Published by the Travelers' Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

The numerous devotees of that most charming and versatile of 
later English essayists — Walter Bagehot — feel, without exception, 
that they owe a debt of gratitude to the Travelers' Insurance Com- 
pany for this truly literary boon. For the first time collected, they 
are placed before the public at the merely nominal price of five 
dollars for the five volumes, which places the set within easy reach 
of the poorest student. 

Of Mr. Bagehot, Professor Bryce has said he was " the most 
acute of English political thinkers," while in the realm of letters, 
finance, political economy and international affairs he led public 
opinion. Of him it has been said: " He carried with him into the 
next world more originality than is now left behind in all the three 
estates of the realm." » 

First and foremost a business man and banker, he still found 
time to edit a paper which was for years acknowledged to be the 
leader of English thought on political and economic matters; and to 
vie with the literati of the day in the richness and volume 
of his contributions to pure literature. A publicist whose work on 
the English constitution was a revelation to his countrymen, and 
an economist whom all the world is proud to acknowledge as a 
master. 

Better than any other man perhaps dees he represent the transi- 
tion from the conservative traditions of the past to the liberalizing 
spirit of tke present His conservatism possesses none of the 

rancour of many of his contemporaries and is of the kind 
which lingers longingly over the past, unconsciously acknowledg- 
ing its inadequacy With a genial, appreciative, nature his writings 
overflow with that grace so foreign to most English authors, while 
a wide knowledge of literature causes his writings to teem with quo- 
tations as apt as they are often misquoted. Ever so slightly affected 
with that insular gaucherie and prejudice which renders it impossi- 



166 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

ble for Englishmen to dispassionately judge others, his criticisms 
of the French and our own political institutions are very just and 
fair. 

Of the edition itself the reputation of the company may be suffi- 
cient guarantee of its worth. Its intrinsic merit, however, renders 
it a work of exceeding excellence. Not only does it for the first 
time collect the works of the writer, but by the scrupulous re- 
vision of an able editor, Mr. Morgan, the value of the work has 
been greatly enhanced by a carefully prepared topical index and 
revised notes. The style of publication is above criticism and as 
an advertising venture it is the most unique as well as the most 
commendable on record. 

The North American Review of April is an unusually rich num- 
ber. Cardinal Gibbons discusses the principles both ancient and 
modern of the spirit of patriotism in an article entitled "Patriotism 
and Politics." Thomas Nelson Page, a southerner, discusses with 
southern bias the negro problem and resolves it into extermination 
by the law of survival. An interesting study of immigration from 
the results of the investigation of the U. S. Commission ; a sketch 
of the modern drama, by W. H. Crane, and the third of a series 
of articles on " The Olympian Religion," by W. H. Gladstone, 
complete the issue. 



rat rtw YOKE 

MJBUCUBftAftT 



*»»$«? 




CHARLES WILLIAM I1ABNEV. P.l. !>., LI.. I> 



Vol. XIV. June, 1892. No. 3, 



THE 

PHI GAMMA DELTA 
QUARTERLY. 



Published for the Fraternity 

by 

Frederic C. Howe, Allegheny, '89. 

Rates: One Dollar and Fifty Cents per Volume. Single Copies, Forty Cents, 
Address all communications to the Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly, 

921 Madison Avenue, Baltimore, Md. 



FRATERNITY DIRECTORY. 



THE CONVENTION. 

The Forty-Fourth Annual Convention of the Fraternity of Phi 
Gamma Delta, will be held at Philadelphia, Pa., October 26, 27 
and 28, 1892, under the auspices of Beta Chapter. 

GRAND CHAPTER. 
Address of the Grand Chapter, P. O. Box 112, New York City. 

//. Edward F. Cole, 82 Fulton St., New York City, Concerning 
work of Section Chiefs, Catalogue and Extension. 

E. Frank Keck, P. O. Box 112, New York City, Concerning 
Financial Matters. 

r. A. James N. Ballantine, 188 West End Ave., New York City, 
Concerning General Correspondence and Chapter Reports. 

T. Louis P. Bach, 237 East 23d St., New York City, Infor- 
mation as to Action Taken. 

7. Dr. Hermann A. Ehrman, 696 Madison Ave., New York 
City, Concerning Certificates of Initiation. 

C. E. G. H. Gilman, Librarian, and Concerning Fraternity 
Archives, 1507 Broadway, New York City, 

N. B. — Communications otherwise directed may be regarded as personal, and 
will not be re-directed. 



Section I. — Chiefs Clement March, 360 Howard St., Cambridge, Mass. 
Name. Institution and Address. I\ A. 

1. M. . Mass. Institute of Tech., Boston, Mass Harry M. Phillips 

II. I . . Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass R. S. Parks 

N. A . . Yale University, New Haven, Conn H. G. Webster 

T. .College City New York, New York City ,. . . Henry B. Heylman, 561 

Buckhout St., Mt. Hope. 

12. .Columbia College., New York City. . . .G. A. Schroter, 29 Vanderbilt Ave 
N. E.. University of City of New York, N. Y..Dr. R. C. James, Hi E. 45th St. 

6. * . .Colgate University, Hamilton, N. Y J. C. Hendrickson 

K. N. .Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y II. R. Harrington, *. T. A. House 

Section II. — Chiefs Walter C. Stier, Easton, Pa. 

A . . Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, Pa J. Mont Travis 

B. .University of Penn., Phila., Pa Geo. M. Coates 

A. . Bucknell University. Lewisburg, Pa Arthur Gardner 

5 . . Pennsylvania College, k Gettysburg, Pa C. E. Filbert 

II . . Allegheny College, Mcadville, Pa Will J. Merchant, ♦. T. A. Place 

B. A. .Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pa., Box 152 F. W. Wackernagel 

2. A . . I^afayettc College, Easton, Pa E. C. Bloomberg 

B. X . . Lehigh University, Beihlemen, Pa R. C. Mollmann 

T. ♦. . Pennsylvania State College, State College, Pa Ralph F. Martin, 

♦. T. A. House. 

Section III. — Chief, John E. Etchison, 103 N. Carey St., Baltimore, Md. 

B. M. .Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md John E. Phelps 

E. .University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C, Victor E. Whitelock 

0. . University of Virginia, Univ. of Va., Va W. E. Farrar 

B. A . . Roanoke College, Salem, Va John L. Rendleman 

A. A. . Hampden-Sidney College, Prince Edw. Co., Va Carter D. Johnson 

Z. A. .Washington and I>ee Univ., Lexington, Va., Box 90. . W. B. Henderson 
P. X . . Richmond College, Richmond, Va Garnett Ryland 

Section IV. — Chief, Charles Bosler, Dayton, O. 

H . . Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio O. P. Blake 

2 . . Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio C. E. Gardner 

G. A. . Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio J. Burt Rodgers 

A. A . . Denison University, Granville, Ohio E. J. Owen 

0. A . . Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Milton T. Weston 

P. A . . Wooster University, Wooster, Ohio Fred N. McMillin 

A. ♦. .University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. .E. H. Cheney, ♦. T. A. House 

Section V. — Chief, W. F.Christian, Jr., 200 N. AlabamaSt., Indianapolis, Ind- 

Z . . Indiana State University, Bloomington, Ind H. W. Nuckols 

A . . Dc Pauw University, Greencastle, Ind Jos. A. Wright 

T. . Hanover College, Hanover, Ind E. A. Cutler 

"r* . . Wabash College, Crawfordsvillc, Ind 1 W. W. Chipman 

A. A. . Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, 111 L. W. Lackland 

P. A . . Knox College, Galesburg, Ills W. H. Young 

Section VI. — Chief N. M. Barnes, Minneapolis, Minn. 

M. 2 . . University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn E. A. Silberstein 

Section VII. — Chief, Prof. John P. Fruit, Russellville, Ky. 

N . . Bethel College, Russellville, Ky W. C. Pierce 

K. T . . University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn R. T. Lane 

Section VIII. — Chief, H. E. Valentine, Topeka, Kan. 

II. A . . University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan J. M. Challiss 

Z. *. . Wm. Jewell College, Liberty, Mo W. J. Williamson 

Section IX. — Chief, John H. Schutte, 150 Valencia St., San Francisco, Cal. 

A. S. .University of California, Berkeley, Cal. . . . H. M. Wright, ♦. V. A. House 
A. 2. . Leland Stanford, Jr. University, Menlo Park, Cal C. C. Hughes 

GRADUA TE CHAPTERS. 

Delta Chattanooga, Tenn., R. J. Kirkwood 

Epsilon Columbus, O., John F. McFadden 

Zeta 1214 Main St., Kansas City, Mo., Glen Miller 

Eta Cleveland, O., J. S. Myers 

Theta Williamsport, Pa., Geo. S. Lennart 

Southern Alumni Association Baltimore, Md., Jas. A. Carr, Jr., 116 

E. Fayette St. 



THE 



Phi Gamma Delta 
quarterly. 



VOL. XIV. JUNE, 1892. NO. 3. 



CHARLES WILLIAM DABNEY, JR., Ph. D. LL.D., 

PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE. 



Charles W. Dabney, scientist and educator, was born at Hamp- 
den Sidney, Virginia, in 1855 > a second son of Robert Lewis Dab- 
ney, D. D., LL.D., theologian, and for many years a professor at 
the Union Theological Seminary of the Presbyterian Church, and 
now professor of philosophy in the University of Texas, having 
been "Stonewall " Jackson's chief of staff and biographer. The 
subject of our sketch graduated at Hampden Sidney College with 
the degree of A. B. in 1873, taught a classical school one year and 
graduated at the University of Virginia in 1877, was professor of 
chemistry and mineralogy at Emory and Henry College, Va., 1877 
to 1878 ; studied chemistry, physics and mineralogy at Berlin and 
and Gcettingen, Germany, 1878 to 1880 inclusive, receiving the 
degree of Ph. D. at the latter University. 

It was at the former institution that Brother Dabney became a 
member of 0. J\ J., later affiliating with Omicron Chapter at the 
University of Virginia. Since that time his interest has been un- 



17* PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

flagging. To him along with Bro. H. J. Darnall is largely due the 
successful establishment of Kappa Tau Chapter. 

Dr. Dabney was elected professor of chemistry in the University 
of North Carolina, at Chapel Hill, just before returning to America, 
and soon thereafter was elected State chemist of North Carolina. 
In 1881 he became director of the North Carolina Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station at Raleigh, and also State chemist of the Geo- 
logical Sur/ey and Board of Health. While there he published a 
number of papers in the scientific journals on points in organic 
and agricultural chemistry, a large number of bulletins and five 
Annual Reports of the Experiment Station. He conducted ex- 
plorations for phosphate in Eastern North Carolina, and was the 
first to discover and bring these deposits to the attention of the 
scientific and commercial world. He made similar explorations of 
the pyrites deposites and made collections of the useful minerals 
of the same State for various expositions and the State Museum. 
He discovered Cassiterite (black tin) and a number of other new 
and valuable minerals in this section. Publications on these sub- 
jects were made in State reports and the journals of various scien- 
tific societies. 

Dr. Dabney was the representative of the State of North Caro- 
lina at various expositions and was elected the Chief of the Depart- 
ment of Government and State Exhibits of the New Orleans 
World's Exposition of i884-'85. 

As chemist to the State Board of Health of North Carolina he 
published various papers on drinking waters, foods, drugs, etc. 

While in North Carolina Dr. Dabney was instrumental in pro- 
viding buildings, with laboratories, glass houses, etc., for the Ex- 
periment Station, in organizing and equipping an experimental 
farm, a State weather service, and a permanent exhibit of the 
State's resources. He became at this time greatly interested in 
technical education and wrote and lectured a good deal on the 
necessity for this kind of education in the South. He was inter- 
ested in the establishment of an industrial school in Raleigh, N. 
C, which has since become a college of agriculture and mechanic 
arts. 

In 1887 the Board of Trustees of the University of Tennessee, 
located in the centre of the industrial section of the South, desiring 



A BYGONE REVERIE. 1*3 

especially to strengthen their institution in the sciences related to 
the industries, in engineering, etc., sought a man for the presi- 
dent's chair who was identified with these interests. Dr. Dabney 
was elected to this position, being then only 33 years of age. 
Since he has been president of this University, the courses of study 
have been enlarged to include many of these sciences, and new 
laboratories have been erected for mechanic arts, chemistry, phys- 
ics, botany and zoology each. In three years three new depart- 
ments have been opened, the number of professors, the number of 
students and the income of the institution have all been nearly 
doubled. 

Dr. Dabney received the degree of LL.D. from Davidson Col- 
lege in 1889. He is a memberof American and German Chemical 
Tocieties, of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, of the 
Virginia Historical Society. 



A BYGONE REVERIE. 



Life? Yes, Life, with all its activity and infinite detail, with all 
its trials and petty exactions, the battle-ground upon which every 
man must fight out his existence, rises ominously before my pros- 
pect, and its gloomy, leaden-hued appearance would well-nigh in- 
duce the horrors in the heart of the most resolute student. In- 
deed, though it be but a few weeks away, thoughts of graduation 
day and the consequent ushering into the real, genuine world send 
agonizing qualms within me and my heart would fain shrink from 
the experience which Time compels us all to undergo. I have 
day-dreamed about this outer busy circle, so far seemingly beyond 
the microcosm of our daily college life, and my fancy has even 
been so well-disposed as to conjure up pleasant pictures, and sweet 
illusions. But the passage of years has blotted out these vistas and 
now, almost face-to-face with the reality, my spirit falters and fears 
overburden my soul. I try to shake them off, but their influence 



174 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

clings like a malaria, and sober reasoning and self-examining with- 
out measure bring little solace to my nearly distraught mind. 

And why should I not tremble at the outlook ? Is faintheart- 
edness to be condemned, with such a mighty question as success 
or failure staring one in the countenance ? Who does not quake 
as he is led into the judgment hall ? 

Here I have been at college these four years, among the best, 
perhaps, for any or every purpose, that I shall ever see. I began 
my course, full of hope and feeling sure that a college education 
was the one and only. elixir of intellect, the only safe guarantor of 
success in the outer world. Mayhap my expectations were too 
lofty and I deserved disappointment. At all events, such my 
course has proved to be. This intellectual endeavor has only 
brought unrest and dissatisfaction in its train. The more I have 
studied and learned, the less I feel to know. Would it not have 
been better to have remained ignorant of the exisience of this 
boundless sphere of knowledge than after faithful pursuit to find it 
an aurora borealis, whose beauty is superb but which in itself is 
wholly entangible and elusive ? However much we chase these 
airy, gossamery things we never seem to approach them, for as we 
keep advancing they keep receding. The traveller on the road of 
Knowledge has naught to do but trudge on, on, eternally, for this 
way has no bourn. Is not peace of mind, without knowledge, 
preferable to knowledge with distress, despondency, and divers 
other troublesome evils at its back ? Is this, the fruition of four 
years' showing, worth the having ? 

But, no, I am merely overwrought. My eyes would peer too far 
into the unborn months and days, and from this straining, every- 
thing takes on a dark and uninviting garb. Phantoms have arisen 
instead of real images, a mirage incites my soul onward, only to 
deceive. My mind is all amiss, and I am unduly alarmed, like 
water fowls which shriek and flutter at the bare sight of a patch of 
black clouds. Then Hope asserts her right and I reflect that he 
who borrows trouble borrows double. 

Thus I comfort myself, and by casting the subject utterly out of 
thought my cheerfulness returns. But I oscillate between extremes 
of confidence and distrust. Like many students, I court sad and 
melancholic meditation and ere long of my own making, azure is 



A BYGONE REVERIE. 175 

once more the ruing color. Staggering doubts thrust themselves 
upon me, and the utility of colleges and their education again 
dwindles in my estimation. Four years of labor — and what ? One 
absorbs a little of Latin or Greek, some German and perhaps other 
tongues. He bows to Aristotle, Des Cartes and other worthies, and 
says, "I have met you many times lately, but really, our acquaint- 
ance must close as soon as I leave this place.' ' And so, all this 
occult lore, which we grope after and sometimes find, hears its 
"Farewell M knell on each graduation day. However the college 
authorities shuffle you off and deem you armored well enough to 
go out single-handed into the world's arena. Little do they think 
that this ornamental vesture will be discarded for one less pamper- 
ing for actual service. Life appears to demand so much. Theory 
gives up the ghost before practice and the doing of things van- 
quishes the knowing how. 

Life ? Yes, grim-visaged Life at second sight loses much that 
previously intimidated. To be sure, the world expects much, and 
above all, from the college graduate. The student who goes out 
from the precincts of school, over-confident of success and with- 
out being somewhat appalled by the prospect, is rarely in the end 
an object of envy. A righteous fear, for such it is, begets prompt- 
ness, energy and fidelity, and these are the essentials, methinks, to 
prosperity out in tlie world — the nether world we call it, for we 
aver to look down on it. A healthy anxiety engenders ambition, 
for there is valor yet in the heart and when obstacles are to be 
faced, such a soul goes to meet them on his mettle and endued 
with the purpose of using his best and most reliable powers. Aye, 
and the college man, favored of all, should feel that he has a name 
and reputation to uphold from the moment he quits his cloister 
life. The fact that he is educated beyond the average makes him 
the cynosure of many eyes. He must achieve more than the one 
who has not pursued advanced study, or else the fault-finding 
world, propter hoc, calls scholarship a mere useless accomplish- 
ment. Colleges imbue souls with just and honorable aspirations. 
They are the only manufacturers of great men in the world. All 
others such, that the world has, were born, not made. The high 
places which are to be had in the active, busy life are mortgaged 
to the college man. If he waste not his capital nor put it to un- 



176 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

worthy uses, his privilege it is to foreclose and take possession. 
The world wants men of education, of culture and intellectual re- 
finement. The demand overleaps the supply. 

And Fraternity, what of it? Probably it has eradicated some 
social carbuncles. Probably a few ugly excrescenses in manner or 
speech it has smoothed off. Probably it has brought pleasures by 
scores and social gatherings beyond number. Withal, has it proved 
a paying investment ? 

Has it not detracted from studious application ? Has it not 
withdrawn me from general association with my fellow-students ? 
It has involved one in rivalries, quarrels and dissensions with 
teachers. It has kindled envy and dislike in the hearts of others. 
Cliques and political snarls it has brought into being and injuries 
and counter-injuries inflicted in its name have estranged us from 
many, who hereafter might have been companionable and helpful. 
Fraternities degenerate into societies for flaw-picking and the in- 
terchange of eulogies. Those outside our own mystic circle are 
flecked with faults ; our intimates by dulcet euconiums and other 
well-intended but undeserved praise, are bolstered up to inordinate 
places in our affections. 

The gala nights, the mutual dalliances, the pow-wows and other 
classic ceremonies, of what benefit will they be in the bustling ac- 
tivities of a few months hence ? For coxcombs and cockneys who 
have small care or thought of times ahead, such things may do, 
but to him who hath ambition and purpose in living they are detri- 
mental. Had I stayed in my little provincial town and been con- 
tent with an easy, unobtrusive existence, would not that have been 
wiser than spending four years here*, only to gain some learning 
whose use is doubtful, and many social habits at war with the seri- 
ous ways of the world? Is my soul to be in education, or in a few 
boys, or in this thing or that solely? Must four years be sacrificed 
for college and fraternity with scant hope of any return? 

Doubts concerning fraternity ? No, no, a thousand times no. 
I would there were myriads of voices to add volume to my earnest 
protest. Could I be traitorous enough in my heart to speak in 
condemnation of that which, of things collegiate, is more to me 
than all else ? Surely much of our book-learning, as well as nearly 
all of our social possessions can be traced to our fraternities. In- 



A BYGONE REVERIE. 177 

dividualisra is absorbed nowadays by societies in order that it may 
be helped to rise the higher. Individualism, without associative 
energy as its ally, is of little or no avail. We are elevated and en- 
nobled in proportion as we come under the influence and magnet- 
ism of our fellows. It is this working together harmoniously of 
two forces, seeming dissonant with each other, that lifts men up to 
more exalted planes of action than any unaided powers of self 
would have secured for them. Union is the spirit of the hour, 
and fraternities grant opportunities and offices to many whose lat- 
ent abilities would otherwise never shine. It is the connection 
with such a band, which at once stamps a collegian with a mark, 
which, in a sense, is an index to his thought, his character and his 
mental temper. If the standard be above him, when he is inducted, 
it is his to reach, and every honest, whole-souled student will do 
his utmost to meet it. How I wondered at the time why such 
large-headed, experienced students should ask me to join their 
society ! I was anxious to grasp the honor, for such I esteemed it, 
but my heart faltered at assuming companionships, which seemed 
to loom far above me. The Seniors, and they were grand fellows, 
patriarchs in the chapter, made me feel humble and intensely ig- 
norant in their presence. They appeared to be chock-full of 
knowledge of all kinds and descriptions, though undoubtedly un- 
aware of possessing any great store of wisdom. The Sophomores 
and even my own classmates, who were already members, were 
likewise tinctured with much apparent sageness. They lacked 
though the dignity and reserve, so proverbial of the Senior, and at 
first proved more congenial than the older brethren. But it was 
not long ere the upper classman shed his repelling coat of austerity 
and even deigned to inquire about my college affairs, my progress 
or otherwise, and sometimes would drop into a familiar chat where 
both of us would meet on a common plane. Friendship is a 
growth and when it ripens into brotherliness, with all the wealth of 
feeling that Anglo-Saxon word imparts, it is a prize, whose value 
is beyond compute or compare. This fraternal sympathy and so- 
licitude is new and strange to the callow Freshman and mostly 
touches a tender chord within him in such a way as he has never 
been affected before. There is a rapturous attraction about these 
terms of association and the young heart which heretofore has 



t7& PHI GAMMA DELTA QtJAkTEkLY. 

known naught but parental love appreciates brotherly affection and 
learns full well its quiet power. Thus the void in my soul, which 
separation from home created, was partially removed, and why 
should I decry that which brought me brothers, friends, love, the 
devotion of intimate fellowship and other virtues ? Could I deny 
my nearest and dearest companions, who conferred this true bless- 
ing on me ? Brothers indeed they are and my heart will always 
throb with love and gratitude at the bare mention of their 
names. Such it gave me, and for these alone fraternity is worth 
more than the price of my consecration. The festal nights, the 
times of mirth and jollification, yea, even the escapades and daring 
exploits, done in its name, served to wrest from the dull routine its 
tiresome monotony and to throw a spell of enjoyableness about 
college life, which, void of such bright spots, would be as unro- 
mantic as a hill without tree or shrub or a valley without water- 
course or rill. Enemies, or fancied ones, possibly it has made; 
but college surroundings solely keep these aglow and when gradu- 
ation day comes, we leave in harmony and at peace with all, only 
remembering what has bee/i sweet and wholesome in our mutual 
contacts, and forgetting all that strife and incensed minds have 
bred. The old-time quarrels and greediness for college spoils will 
come up before us as the veriest puerilities and we will wonder how 
on earth such trifles could have caused such commotions 
within us and our particular circle. There will be no dregs from 
these experiences, for all will be absorbed in a wine whose influ- 
ence will be potent enough to rekindle the quondam esprit de corps 
of any alumnus and entice him back to recollections of loving days 
and pleasant times passed within the shades of old Bentley. 

A college career to be eschewed ? No, most emphatically, no ! 
Without receiving the good that its associations grant, the literary 
taste formed, and the love of high scholarship infused pay for the 
time expended and reward finally ten-fold more than four years 
consumed in any other pursuit. The office-boy, or clerk, beyond 
controversy, is acquiring a valuable insight into business, but the 
student is enlarging his mental capital, broadening his resources 
and quickening his perceptive faculties, so that in a few months at 
most he can outstrip the quasi — practical office — factotum or the 
human writing machine. 



A BYGONE REVERIE. 179 

'But then, here's DeLaunay Salisbury, who spent three years at 
preparatory school, four years at Howard and two years abroad, in 
brief did nothing scarcely but go to school, and yet is a consum- 
mate failure.' 

Pho ! the Sneerer, as if I were setting up the claim that a col- 
lage education is a panoply, ensuring unequivocal success in the 
conflicts and competitions of life. Some men are proof against all 
educative influences, and though the college gives a most vigorous 
treatment, it has but little effect on these, for so thoroughly are 
they grounded in their own methods of mind and heart that human 
means are balked and nullified by their obstinate opposition to 
self -reformation. Many seeds which the professors cast fall on 
rocks or sterile ground. There is no attempt at self-cultivation 
and education without the co-operation of the pupil is an impossi- 
bility. No personal profits can accrue to those taught unless 
through strong individual efforts. The true college student feels 
the pulse of a new life within him ere he has been on the campus a 
week. The very air is saturated with inspiration and the intel- 
lectual ozone present, sends thrill upon thrill of sublime emotion 
coursing through bis inner self. Boys only are pliable and sus- 
ceptible to the real benign agencies which the atmosphere about an 
institution of learning affords. Then, too, frequently there is a 
misapplication of forces. Enthusiasm vents itself in wrong quar- 
ters. The doctor should have been a lawyer and vice versa. 
Choosing a profession is like choosing a wife — there is a good deal 
of lottery and it is impossible to find out your status until it is too 
late to mend matters. Failure may be any man's lot, howbeit he 
may be alert, energetic and sagacious. Counter-currents, unlooked 
for and unavoidable, occur in every man's life, and it is of times 
the successful breasting of these crises that wins prosperity in the 
end. And besides there is no infallible standard of success. My 
idea of that which we all are to strive for may differ materially 
from yours, yet neither of us are wrong. The quiet ease which I 
may covet may be just as much of a success as yours, which is 
heralded to the four quarters of the universe. 'Tis high aims 
which rule high achievements, and nine times out of ten he scales 
giddy heights who sets his star of hope way up in the empyrean. 
Some one says, " Aim high." I want to aim higher ; yes, highest, 



180 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

for though I may never seach the summit of my aspirations, I will 
have climbed to a loftier altitude by having great anticipations 
than had I been destitute of such incentives. Most men fall some- 
what below their expectations, but they are all better for having 
set their mark so far above them. 

Thus I cogitate, though on the qui vive of excitement and appre- 
hension as the eve of my entrance into a world, broader in every 
sense and totally different from my present surroundings, so cer- 
tainly approaches. 'Tis not wholly a fault that I am wrought up 
to a high nervous tension, for I regard such animus as a forerunner 
of success rather than of failure. I hold it a good omen and while 
I thus wait for the important hour my hopes are buoyed up by the 
thought that to the ambitious and energetic college men are al- 
lotted the points of vantage in the brisk, bustling fields of action. 
He gains at a leap what ordinary persons only attain by patient, 
persevering plodding. Thus there is being raised up an aristoc- 
racy which is not based on birth or pedigree, for then it would 
finally fall into corruption and heinous unworthiness, but upon 
culture of the mind, the only safe criterion of a man's nobility or 
ability. Into this aristocracy the true graduate enters, and even 
though his station throughout his earthly days be lowly and 
humble, he can draw deep satisfaction from knowing that he has 
won a title of honor, which cannot be blotted out or despoiled like 
some escutcheon, but its perpetuity is sure and certain, measured 
alone by the life of its possession. He gains not only a degree, 
but also a favored place in society and among men. 

Some alumni do not reach this? No, unfortunately not. They 
lose their foothold by backward steps. A college education cor- 
rectly viewed is a constant spur to culture. Its influence does not 
end the moment the doors of the university close behind us. To 
merit a stand among the lettered aristocrats there must be un- 
ceasing application to books and intellectual things after we leave 
college halls and college walls. Mental progress is not the least 
'wholesome lesson we learn in academic groves. The graduate who 
goes out into the world feeling that now studies are done and 
henceforth practice, dull, methodical and unscholarly, must absorb 
all his energy, mental and physical, cannot help retrograding. 
We unlearn faster than we learn, and it takes but a little time to 



A BYGONE REVERIE. 181 

lose our student instincts and pass into the realm of the common, 
vulgar crowd. We must all realize that a college education is but 
a finger-board, guiding us to higher and nobler intellectual possi- 
bilities. From our ranks come the thinkers, the real rulers of the 
country in the future. The thought, the industrial and commer- 
cial prosperity, the peace and good-will among men and nations, 
the alumnus will form, since he will supply the conditions under 
which they will thrive and grow vigorous. This is no unwarranted 
optimism, but the past furnishes us the proof of the years to come. 
With such probabilities before us collegians, could we in sincerity 
repudiate that which has placed them within our hope and our ex- 
pectations ? 

I am deeply grateful for the conferring of college privileges upon 
me. It has developed and matured whatever good there has been 
in us, and trampled out somewhat of the tares and evil growths. 
No soul who ever crossed a college's threshold returned without 
some noticeable betterment. Even a dolt or sluggard gets some- 
what useful, tid-bit though it be. A college career is a benedic- 
tion on one's head, and though poor, unblessed circumstances be 
the reward of my worldly striving, I shall accept them with little 
or no complaint, and reflect that my liberal education made them 
brighter, nobler and more endurable than they otherwise could 
have been. 

My fraternity I shall ever try to guard as the apple of my eye, 
for I, yea, every member, is the custodian of its honor, its name 
and its fortune. It is the sweet fragrance of the college life, the 
flowering of those sublime, esoteric influences, which by gentle, 
subtle processes work so much of good in character and in feeling. 
No college course is complete without it, for it refines and dresses 
up many parts of our nature which can be reached in no other way. 
It is more than companionship ; it is more than social communion ; 
it is more than mutual aims and ambitions ; it is more than good 
fellowship, more than congenialness of spirit ; it is more than a 
common interest in scholarship. It embraces them all, and be- 
sides there is something more. The quiet attention to others' ac- 
tions, the kindly reproof, the never-stopping encouragement, the 
applause for worthy deeds or splendid achievements, the lifting up 
to higher duties, all these go to make fraternity a circle of peculiar 



182 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

power and unexampled force. And when this has been said, not 
one-half, or the better part, has been told. It has earned its place 
as a factor in the college life only by what it has done. It has 
overridden prejudice, stifled wrongful abuse and outlived the male- 
dictions of its opponents. To-day a voice raised against it is 
silenced by the ridicule of its devotees. Even the disinterested 
recognize its benign power, and praise it for the good it has accom- 
plished, for the grand men it has sent into the active world. It is 
this radiant ornament of our cloister life which represents the untar- 
nished and untainted within us. May every Greek exalt his fraternity 
for it is responsible for the best in him. With such right appre- 
hensions of his college and his Hellenic society, he goes out into 
the active life, full of gratitude for the past, of joy for the present, 
and of honest hope and trust for the future. 

E. L. M., //. '90. 



THE GRAND CHAPTER. 

ITS FUNCTIONS AND PROPER LIMITATIONS. 

By tradition, sanctioned by the custom of forty-four years, the 
government of our fraternity has been extremely centralized and to 
a large degree arbitrary and irresponsible. No checks or bal- 
ances limit its authority. It is the sole judge of its own sphere of 
action as well as the duties which it shall perform or leave undone. 
Dependent for its existence upon the choice of the New York mem- 
bers of the fraternity, it is practically self-perpetuating and inde- 
pendent of outside opinion. Like a corporation, never dying, it 
has been able to pursue a line of policy for the most part consis- 
tent and unprejudiced by sectional interests. Only during the 
sessions of the fraternity in convention assembled does it resign its 
sovereign powers, and then only in appearance, for the hand that 
holds the tiller of the Grand Chapter, usually trims the sheets of 
the convention, guiding its action and dictating its policy. 



THE GRAND CHAPTER. 183 

Fortunately the fraternity has thus far escaped any serious con- 
sequence of this unlimited exercise of power, although the arbi- 
trary manner in which the opinion of certain chapters has in the 
past been overridden has been the cause of some irritation and 
occasional dissatisfaction. 

For many reasons an enlightened and paternal despotism is the 
best possible type of government for a fraternity, and happy is the 
organization whose lines fave fallen to such care. 

There is, however, a sphere in which the individual members are 
so intimately interested, that the best results can only be attained 
by a liberal grant of self govejrnment. In these affairs where the 
fraternity as a whole has aught at stake, it should be the judge of 
its own action. Just as local self-government in political life is 
essential to a high civic development, so in organizations of a vol- 
untary character the greatest harmony and liveliest esprit du corps 
is secured only by the universal will. The fraternity may be likened 
to a corporation, with its officers. Matters of importance are de- 
cided by the stockholders, details of administration fall to the re- 
sponsible officials. 

The proper field of action for the executive will be discussed 
later. It is now desired to indicate the political dangers which lie 
latent in the present irresponsible power of the Grand Chapter. 
To those who have contemplated the recent growth of the frater- 
nity, not without apprehension, the danger looming up in the 
near future, is that local interest may dominate the general ; that 
sectional influence might subordinate the weal of the whole to that 
of the part. 

It has been this fear which has led us in the past to advocate a 
limitation of the power of the Grand Chapter to grant charters 
and in the present instance is the inspiration of this protest against 
the present method. Such a change, it was urged at the last con- 
vention, would seriously fetter the Grand Chapter. An application 
for a charter, it was maintained, requires more immediate action 
than the cumbrously moving opinion of the chapters could give. 
Delay was often detrimental to the body of petitioners, who view- 
ing the action of the fraternity as highly precarious could with 
difficulty be held to their pledges. Further than this, the fraternity 
in its entirety is no judge of the qualities of the men or the insti- 



184 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

tution ; their judgment might be vitiated by sectional jealousies 
and log rolling might be introduced in the placement of inadvisable 
chapters. In addition to this it was held that the conservatism and 
experience of the Grand Chapter rendered it the most fitting re- 
pository of this power. 

Were 0. /'. J. a young and aggressive fraternity, dependent for 
its vitality on the monthly infusion of new blood, such arguments 
might be convincing and such a policy needful. Such, however, 
is by no means the case. Further extension even under the most 
flattering conditions is by no means essential. It is indeed fraught 
with extreme danger and the Quarterly believes that the frater- 
nity in the entirety is the most competent judge in this matter. 
The growing cosmopolitanism of American college life, and the fre- 
quent transfers of many from chapter to chapter renders this a 
subject of much vital importance. Chapters at large institutions 
•specially are interested, not only in the character of every chapter 
but also of every man in a sister chapter. It is an unpleasant fact 
that perfect homogeneity does not exist, and further, that the av- 
erage college man is not the perfect type of democracy he is usu- 
ally supposed to be. Chapter standards exist and the chances are 
that the criterion of a provincial college and a large university will 
differ. For this reason the problem of transfers becomes one of 
increasing importance. Homogenity is essential to future harmony, 
and this can only be obtained by the assumption on the part of 
the chapters of the authority heretofore delegated to the Grand 
Chapter. An extension of responsibility will tend to enhance the 
common interest ; to promote unity and solidarity and arouse 
deeper feeling of individual accountability. 

Responsibility will bring pride ; more careful consideration of 
the fraternity as a whole ; the sectional and local will be merged 
into the larger, broader life, while the incoming chapter will feel 
the weight of its obligations more fully since conferred by the 
unanimous action of the fraternity. Thus the harmony of the 
structure will be enhanced ; the most distant member will feel the 
pulsations of the chapter most remote, while the head itself, re- 
lieved of the contentious spirit which its action often invokes, will 
respond to the generous sympathy and co-opera;ion which must 
ensue when all are working for a common end ; when the opinions 
of a part only go down before the veto of the whole. 



/ 

i 



THE GRAND CHAPTER. 185 

We have now indicated a certain field in which the activity of 
the Grand Chapter may be abridged, both to its advantage, as 
well as to the enhancement of the general harmony of the fraternity. 
There still remain provinces in which even greater authority may 
be granted and a larger activity expected from it. 

It is a fundamental fact of human experience that in order to 
secure efficient work from any body, it must not first be bound 
hand and foot and reduced to merely routine or clerical 
duties. To limit the sphere of the Grand Chapter to activities 
purely perfunctory would be a fatal step and would tend to destroy 
that safeguard of efficiency which always comes with a sense of 
delegated trust. The dignity and honor of the Grand Chapter 
must be in no sense abridged. Its duties must, however, become 
those of administration and execution, rather than of legislation, 
and it is in the former field that we would look for a more liberal 
grant of power. 

The fraternity as a whole is an organism not unlike the human 
body. But the exeutive is akin in its functions both to the head 
and the heart, directing, correcting and administering to the vari- 
ous organs and at the same time ramifying in its circulation into 
the life of each chapter. 

In its dealings with the individual chapters it is the embodiment 
of the entire fraternity, assimilating them to its flesh by bearing to 
it life giving corpuscles of inspiration, and at the same time tearing 
away any noxious elements which may have crept into its organi- 
ism. Thus, if our analysis has been correct, it will be seen that 
there can be no diversity of interests between the Grand Chapter 
and the fraternity. Its life is so intimately interwoven with that 
of the fraternity as a whole that the concern of the one must be 
the concern of the other. Such a solidarity of interests should exist 
that the heart beat at New York would send the blood tingling 
to the Pacific coast ; while the nervous system should be so sensi- 
tive that a wound to the most distant branch would bring heal- 
ing sympathy from every stem of the fraternity tree. 

It is here the sphere of activity must be more highly developed. 
A more intense feeling of unity must be cultivated and with it must 
come a broadening of local power and influence. 



186 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

This desideratum is to be attained by a more personal oversight 
of the chapters. A greater harmony of interest can be secured 
only by extending and insisting on the administrative powers of 
the Grand Chapter. Authority both censorial and mandatory 
should be conferred upon it. Continued breach of fraternity 
comity or faith should be met with stringent measures. Neglect 
to perform fraternity financial obligations, on the failure of all ex- 
postulatory remedial efforts, should be met by the most stringent 

• 

measures, which should stop at nothing short of withdrawal of 
fraternal intercourse and final severance of connections. Delin- 
quent chapters should be treated as summarily as delinquent mem- 
bers. It is not anticipated that such drastic measures would ever 
be required. The very knowledge of the potential authority to re- 
sort to them would be sufficient to insure obedience, while the re- 
flex influence upon the chapters, usually careful of their obligations, 
would be most beneficial. 

But this administrative power need not be confined to judicial 
authority and the policing of the fraternity. It should include the is- 
suance of frequent circular letters discussing plans of fraternity 
advancement ; of lines of policy ; of chapter work ; chapter house 
building ; of the ritual ; proposing topics for discussion previous 
to convention and a multitude of similar topics. It should be a 
medium for the transmission of ideas which have been found val- 
uable in certain chapters to the great body of the fraternity. Its 
aim should be to unify, solidify, harmonize. 

The internal organization of the ideal governing body we cannot 
here discuss. The method of representation, of election and 
similar problems must ever be matters of dispute. Of the functions 
however, we can speak of but one in detail, and that is of the 
Grand Chapter as keeper of fraternity archives. On this matter 
we have decided views. The Grand Chapter should be most as- 
siduous in the collection of fraternity memorabilia, of college pub- 
lications of convention reports, and of all such matter whose value 
must be enhanced as the distance from the events increase. An 
exhaustive history of the fraternity from original records should be 
undertaken and the reminiscences of those of our founders who are 
yet alive should be carefully collected a,nd preserved! 



THE GRAND CHAPTER. 187 

The chapter historian should be compelled to comply with, the 
constitution and forced to furnish his annual report — a duty 
which has been permitted to fall into desuetude by the negligence 
of the fraternity historian. The issuance of the annual circular 
should be insisted on, while statistics of the chapters, as once un- 
dertaken by the Quarterly, should be carefully prepared. 

A standing and vigorous committee should exist on the ritual, 
which we think is in many respects susceptible of improvement. 
The catalogue should be in constant process of preparation, so that 
the issuance of a supplement would be a comparatively easy mat- 
ter. Many other similar fields for fruitful work might be indicated, 
much of which might be delegated to the individual chapters. For 
example, one chapter might assume the collection of fraternity 
memorabilia ; another the preparation of a history, while yet an- 
other might be appointed on the ritual and initiatory service. 

We admit that many of the opinions here advanced admit of honest 
difference of opinion. Men will ever differ on the fundamentals. 
Progress were impossible without it. The views advanced are 
those arrived at only after mature reflection and years of observa- 
tion of the fraternity. They are not ex cathedra assumptions, 
but represent honest convictions, convictions the presentation 
of which, the Quarterly has ever held to be its right. Such 
expression in fact becomes a duty when dictated by conscience. 
They are, however, but the opinion of one person, and the Quarterly 
gladly offers its pages to the discussion of this most vital, uncom- 
promising and fundamental problem — the proper residence of 
power and the division of functions. 

Frederic C. Howe. 



FIRST ANNUAL CONVENTION OF SECTION III. 



The first annual convention of the chapters comprising the Vir- 
ginia Section met at Lynchburg, Va., April 14th and 15th at the 
Norvel Arlington Hotel. The first session was held at 4 o'clock 
in the parlors of the hotel when the following officers were elected : 
President, Dandridge Spotswood (J. J. 93); Vice President, J. 
Baldwin Ranson ( Z. J. 93 ) ; Secretary, John L. Rendleman ( IK 
J. 92); Assistant Secretaries, Leslie Weil (E. 95), and Robert 
E. Craig ( #. J. 94). After the appointment of a few committees 
by the President, the convention adjourned to meet the following 
morning. In the evening the delegates in a body attended the 
Theatre, a party having been provided for by the Committee of 
arrangements. On the following morning reports were read from 
the various chapters, all of which seem to be in a most prosper- 
ous condition, the total active membership of the section being 
eigthy-four. 

Epsilon Chapter, at the University of North Carolina reported 
plans for building a beautiful new lodge, more spacious than the 
one now occupied, and from other chapters came indications of a 
similar appreciation of the urgency of the movement. 

Letters of regret were read from the following prominent South- 
ern Deltas : Senator Vance, Judge Asa Dupuy, of Roanoke, Va.; 
Charles W. Dabney, President University of Tennessee; Judge 
J. O. Shepherd, Buena Vista, Va.; Professor Theodrick Pryor 
Campbell, of the Va. A. and M. College ; Julius Dreher, President 
of Roanoke College, Va. ; Henry W. Naff, ex-President of Kings 
College, Tenn. ; Professor F. V. N. Painter, of Roanoke College, 
and Hon. R. R. Farr, formerly Superintendent of Education in 
Virginia. Invitations had been sent to many other Deltas in the 
South, among whom were Congressman Enloe, of Tennessee ; Rev. 
D. H. Selph, ex-President of Union University, Murfreesboro, 
Tenn.; William D. Barnes, ex-Attorney General of Florida; Maj. 
James W. Wilson, President N. C. R. R. ; Hon. Julius I. Scales, 
Greensboro, N. C. ; Professor G. B. Baskerville, Vanderbuilt Uni- 



ttRSt ANNUAL CONVENTION Of SECTION lit. 189 

versity ; Ex-Congressman H. Y. Riddle, thrice elected to Congress 
from the State of Tennessee ; Leslie Waggoner, President of Uni- 
versity of Texas ; Ex-Congressman Martin, of Alabama , Hon. 
James Harvey McLeary, and Hon. John M. McKleroy, formerly 
Superintendent Public Instruction for the State of Alabama. 

Committees reported on Constitution for the government of 
future conventions of Sec. Ill, on Southern Extension, and on 
the minutes of the last general convention. 

All were fully discussed, especially the report on extension. It 
was the belief of the convention that there were but five or six in- 
situtions in the South that were suitable for a chapter of Phi 
Gamma Delta, as most of the best colleges were already filled with 
fraternities or the attendance was too small to warrant a prosper- 
ous career for any new chapter. 

Committees were appointed to draw up resolutions of thanks to 
Bro. J. A. B. Scherer for his past services as Section Chief, and to 
Bro. J. E. Etchison for the able manner in which he has presided 
over this section during the past session. 

Reports of committee on recommendation to chapters and time 
and place of next convention drew forth considerable discussion, 
which the non-secret character of the Quarterly forbids publish- 
ing. 

The evening session was devoted to the consideration of the re- 
ports of the different committees and the following brothers were 
appointed to make arrangements for the next convention : J. M. 
Williams, of Beta Deuteron, Chairman, and Penrick Shelton 0, N. 
D. Baker H. M., Edward D. Quarles P. A'., E. R. Price J. J., Leslie 
Weil E., Robert E. Craig B. J., J. Baldwin Ranson Z. J., and J. E. 
Etchison, Jr., P. X. 

After informal discussion by various members of matters per- 
taining to this section, the convention adjourned to meet with 
Beta Deuteron at Roanoke College next Easter. 

In the evening the banquet occured and after justice had been 
done the tempting feast, Bro. J. M. Williams (/?. J. 89) who acted 
as toastmaster, made a few well chosen remarks on the past and 
present condition of Sec. Ill and then announced the following 
toasts and toasters : 



l$o PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

" Southern Extension " Dandridge Spotswood ( A. A. 93) 

" Our Girls" E. R. Price ( A A. 94 ) 

" Beta Deuteron " John L. Rendleman ( B. A. 92 ) 

•• Epsilon " Leslie Weil ( E 95) 

" Delta Deuteron M Ned B. Campbell ( A. A. 82) 

44 Zeta Deuteron n John J Davis ( Z. A. 92 ) 

We had expected Judge Asa Dupruy (J. J. 77 ) to have acted as 
toastmaster and Rev. J. Stras ( B J 71 ), J. T. Darnell (A 72), and 
Benjaman F. Kirpatrick (Z 74) to have responded to toasts, but 
unavoidable circumstances prevented these brothers' attendance 
at the banquet. 

This convention was indeed a success, though we regretted the 
absence of Section Chief Etchison. The selection of Roanoke 
College as the seat of the next convention is a wise one, Salem be- 
ing a central point and the home of many Deltas. A fraternity 
convention was a novelty to the majority of those who attended 
this one, and all were so highly pleased with the time spent, that 
they expressed themselves fully determined to attend the next. 

Dandridge Spotswood J. J. 



NINTH ANNUAL CONVENTION OF SECTION IV. 



Pursuant to resolutions adopted by the eighth annual convention 
and the call of Theta Deuteron Chapter, the ninth annual conven- 
tion of Section IV. met in the beautiful parlors of Theta Deuteron 
at 8 p. m., April 27, '92. 

Bro. C. H. Bosler, A. J., chief of Section IV., called the meet- 
ing to order and Bro. Rector, 0. J., was appointed temporary 
Gamma. 

Bro. Howard Black, B. J., delivered the address of welcome, 
which was responded to by Bro. Bruce Kinney, A. J. After the 
preliminary organization had been completed, congratulations were 
sent to Hon. S. M. Taylor, just nominated at the Republican 
State Convention for the office of Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

The committee on credentials, after a recess of twenty minutes, 
reported the following : //., Gear and Riley ; A. J., Kinney and 
Davis ; £., Guard and Casper ; P. J., Davidson and Jones ; 0. J., 



NINTH ANNTAL CONVENTION OF SECTION IV. 193 

McVey and Rector ; 0. J., Bennett and Serva ; E. Graduate, H. 
L. Black. 

Forty-seven active members of the fraternity en rolled themselves 
during the session of the convention, sixteen being present from 
Delaware ; two from Marietta ; eleven from Springfield ; ten from 
Granville ; one from Epsilon Graduate ; five from Columbus and 
two from Wooster. 

On motion, the chief appointed as the committee on permanent 
organization Bros. Davis, Casper and Rector. 

On the following (Friday) morning, at the appointed hour, the 
convention resumed its labors, when the following permanent offi- 
cers were chosen : /7 # , Howard Black, E., D. M. Davidson, jT., 
Bruce Kinney, Chaplain, W. L. Guard. 

After the new pfficers had taken their places the section chief 
read his annual report, from Which the following is an extract: 

" A word more, and it is addressed to the chapters who have 
been somewhat negligent in the payment of their Quarterly and G. 
C. dues. We now JiaVe, r |hanks to our Brother Howe, of Johns 
Hopkins, the best and mtist* enthusiastic fraternity publication it 
has ever been our good fortune to enjoy. Few fraternities equal 
it, none excell it. The obligation rests upon us of this Section to 
give it our heartiest and best support. Let Iotas and correspond- 
ing editors be diligent in their research for interesting news of 
alumni, and faithful and prompt in the preparation of chapter let- 
ters. The Iotas and corresponding editors are to consider them- 
selves members of the corps of editors, for such they are, and as 
such members of the staff seek to uphold and advance the newsy 
and literary worth of their magazine. And let the Epsilons con- 
sider themselves members of the business staff and see that the 
financial help and encouragement of their chaptres is prompily 
foawarded. Good things are not to be had for the asking. They need 
the substance of your support. And we must remember that our 
G. C. is composed of a class of men who are in active business life, 
with the cares and worries and demands for time that business 
brings. They give their time and labor freely for the good of our 
fraternity, and we should lend our aid in making their labors as 
easy and pleasurable as possible. Let the under officers be prompt 
in their service to their superiors of the G. C, and especially do I 
pray the efficient ser/ice of the Epsilons in their support of Brother 
Keck. The calls upon him are many and he should be relcived of 
the embarrassment of being unable to meet necessary bills, by the 
promptness of the Chapter Epsilons. But three chapters in Sec- 
tion IV. have their G. C. and quarterly dues paid up to date. The 



194 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

balance are in arrearages from #19.00 to #22.50. A reform should 
be begun in this line. Let the G. C. and Quarterly dues be col- 
lected and forwarded promptly at the beginning of each school 
year. 

I can assure you all that the work of the chief has been an ex- 
ceedingly pleasant work. I congratulate the Section upon its pros- 
perity.' ' 

Fraternally, Charles H. Bosler. 

In the evening the convention was tendered an elegant reception 
by the ladies of Monnette Hall, after which we repaired to the Ho- 
tel Donavin to the annual banquet, where the following toasts 
were responded to, enlivened by the harmonious strains rendered 

by the quartette club of Theta Deuteron : 

Toast Master Dr. S. W. Fowler 

Invocation i Rev. S. O. Royal 

Music ♦. T. A. Quartette 

•' *. T. A. in Professional Life " C. H. Bosler, Chief Section IV. 

"What a Chapter Should Be," W. S. Guarde 

Music Quartette 

" *. T. A. in Athletics," William Davidson, P. A. 

"Fraternity Spirit — 'What it is, How Aroused," U. S. Davis, A. A. 

Music Quartette 

" The Ideal Prep," E. A. Roberts, 6. A. 

** Pan Hellenism in Section IV H. B. Gear, H. 

44 Chapter Houses," S. C. Bennett, 9. A. 

Music. 

Thursday evening at 10 o'clock the convention went in a body 
to Monnette Hall, where the quartette of 6. J. serenaded the 
"Fern Sems, M assisted by the delegates on every familiar fraternity 
chorus. 

The quartette of 8. J., a photogravure of which is printed else- 
where in this issue, has, by-the-way, achieved a very enviable 
reputation, being second to none in the state. The entire season 
they have been in great demand for concerts, college commence- 
mente, &c. It is composed of the following brothers: J. B. Rog- 
ers, 1st tenor; E. A. Roberts, 2d tenor; F. C. Rector, baritone, 
and O. C. Harn, bass. They always travel and advertise under 
the name of the Phi Gamma Delta Quartette, and are a great 
credit to Section IV. 

The tenth annual convention will be held with Rho Deuteron, 
the last Thursday and Friday of April, 1893. 

Bruce Kinney, A. J. 



EIGHTH ANNUAL CONVENTION OF THE INDIANA 

CHAPTERS. 



Phi Gamma Deltas in Indiana journeyed down to Madison this 
year and held their Eighth Annual Convention with Tau Chapter, 
at Hanover, Ind. 

On the afternoon of the 19th of May, at 3:30 o'clock, 
Bro. C. M. Leslie, of Tau, let fall the gavel and announced 
organization. At the roll call Bros. Christian, Duckworth, More, 
Zener and Hamill, answered for Psi. 

Zeta was represented by Bros. Smith, and Kramers and Lambda 
by Bros. Wright and Wilkerson. Tau had a host, all her members 
being present. The session was given up to reports from the 
Chapters, these being short and spicy and constituting one of the 
most interesting and profitable features of the convention. 

One of the most pleasant events of the meeting was the re- 
ception on Thursday night. It held place on the program as an 
"informal reception,' ' but developed into a full-dress affair and 
passed into social annals as the best dance of the season. Tau had 
issued invitations to the number of one hundred and fifty to the 
members of fraternities of Hanover and some of Madison's people. 

Friday morning, the fraters drove up to Hanover, the classic 
home of Tau, where a visit was made to the college and Tau hall. 
It being a musical crowd, the hills were made to echo with the 
lively and catchy airs of our hymnal. 

Friday afternoon, the convention listened to papers from Bros. 
Smith, of Zeta ; Wright, of Lambda, and Schultze, of Tau. All 
these were good and were followed by lively discussion. 

Bro. Smith's paper, "Initiations," will appear elsewhere in the 
Quarterly, as will also "Phi Gamma Delta in Indiana," by Bro. 
Wright, of Lambda. 

This session finished the work of the convetion and on motion, 
the wearers of the royal purple adjourned without a day, to meet 
with Zeta at Bloomington next year. 

Although adjourned, the crowning event of the "meet" came' 
Friday night, when at 10 o'clock, thirty-two Phi Gams sat down at 
the banquet board. 



196 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

With the arrival of coffee, Bro. Elmer A. Shultze, as toastraaster 
called upon Bro. Smith, of Zeta, to respond to the toast, "Delta's 
Aim." 

The next speaker, Bro. J. W. Wilkerson, of Lambda, responded 
to " Delta's Debt to Her Sisters." 

Bro. Moore, of Psi, spoke for "Deltae Dilectae" in one of the 
happiest speeches of the evening. 

Bro. Leslie, of Tau, in response to "Auf Wiedersehen," spoke 
the parting words, in a speech full of humor and feeling. 

And thus the Eighth Annual Convention of Phi Gamma Delta in 

Indiana passed into history. 

Frederic A. Hamilton. 



O 



ED/TORML. 



The Forty -fourth Annual Convention of the fraternity will be held 
at Philadelphia, Pa., October 26, 27 and 28, 1892, under the 

auspices of Beta Chapter, 

* * * 

The summer address of the Quarterly will be Meadville, Pa. 
All subscriptions, contributions and communications should be 

sent to that address. # 

* * * 

Inadvertant delay rendered it impossible to issue the pres- 
ent number before many of our colleges had closed their doors 
and the members had scattered for the summer months. As a con- 
sequence of this dispersion many subscribers will doubtless be de- 
prived of this issue until the reassembling of the chapter in the 
fall, as our attempts to secure the individual addresses have been 
only in part successful. Any corresponding editor who has not 
already complied with this request of ours, will confer a favor upon 
the editor as well as the chapter by notifying the Quarterly of the 
whereabouts of his constituancy and the permanent addresses of 
those who have permanently left the chapter. 

* * * 

The chapter house idea is gradually taking hold of the minds of 
our chapters and plans are being formulated on every hand for the 

consummation of these cherished projects. Ep- 
Th^chapttr Hou.e ^^ at the University of North Carolina, prom- 
ises to enter a house of her own in the near future. 
Beta Deuteron has similar ambitious projects on foot, while the 
Columbia, Boston, Pennsylvania and Johns-Hopkins chapters hope 
on the opening of another year to greet their friends ensconced in 
new quarters. The plans adopted for the attainment of this desid- 
eratum must of course depend upon local conditions. In the past 
pages of the Quarterly we have noted a few of the most feas- 



198 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

able ones, and reproduce the following from the Theta Delta Chi 

Shield, which offers yet another avenue for the attainment of a 

permanent home. 

" We suggest the idea that the wealthy men of our fraternity are 
the ones upon whom this burden must eventually rest. As we see 
it just now, a plan after this sort might work well. Let some 
wealthy brother buy land and build a house such as is needed, and 
then rent it to the Charge at such a figure as will pay him six per 
cent, taxes and insurance. Then let the Charge maintain it and 
pay for wear and tear. This would be a good investment and the 
deed would revert to the credit of the brother and the entire fra- 
ternity as well. A further suggestion would be that the property 
be willed to the fraternity at large, and then when the brother dies 
he leaves a monument to his memory which the ages cannot ex- 
tinguish. Who will be the first to act on this suggestion. There 
is nothing to be lost in the venture, and much to be gained." 

* * * 

The chapter correspondence of this issue is a source of satis- 
faction to us. Not only have the letters come to hand more 
a Word with promptly than usual, but they manifest more mature con- 
Cootribntora. sideration and care in their make up. The Iotas like- 
wise under the spur of some sudden resolve or chapter prick have 
come to the mark with a liberal grist of personals. All the 
Quarterly asks of its contributors is as much care in preparation 
as would be given a college production, for surely your pride in 
the figure which your chapter cuts before the world, is as much 
a source of emulation to you as your own personal affairs. We 
do desire more newspapers clippings for Delta Gossip, and these 
are so easily gathered that we should think it would require no 
more than a suggestion to secure them. Such, however, appears 
not to be the case and to graduates and other readers alike we 
wouid appeal for assistance to make the Quarterly a clearing 

house of information of our Alumni and their interests. 

* * * 

Commencement agonies, with the attendant flowers and thorns, 
will have passed into lazy summer ere this issue reaches many of 

its readers. To the hundred odd Deltas upon 

93. w h om the college doors have closed forever and 

who have thus set the sails of their eager barks, courting the first 

breath of those breezes which are to send them speeding upon 



EDITORIAL. 199 

life's race, the Quarterly bears greetings of regard and hearty 
bon voyage. With this class the relations of the Quarterly have 
been particularly close and intimate, for it was with them as fresh- 
men that the present management first assumed control of the fra- 
ternity's journal. It is to the efforts of these members that the 
Quarterly owes much. To the class of ninety- two we desire a part- 
ing word, a final hand clasp and lingering God speed, for the Quar- 
terly has gained much by the association of the past four years 
and to all its friends it wishes bountiful success. Let us trust the 
severance will be only apparent, at least no more than temporary, 
and assuredly it will be no more with our approval. We desire as 
close association and co-operation with our alumni as with our ac- 
tive chapters, for 0. T. J. still reserves a corner in your affections 
as her own, and while not demanding so large a share of your con- 
sideration as in the past, she still remains jealous of her claim. 
The Quarterly aims to foster this feeling and become the con- 
necting link between you and the fraternity, keeping warm your 
sympathy and keeping you in touch with your fellow Deltas. We 
trust you will not deny us a knowledge of your whereabouts and 
will continue to grant us the benefit of your frequent contributions 

and criticisms. 

* * * 

The remarks of Section Chief Bosler elsewhere in this issue are 

so pertinent that we would advise the Epis of our chapters to cut 

them out and place them in their hats. The SUb- 
Fraternity Ethics. •***_*.•*. t i_-i_ j 

ject of fraternity honor is one upon which a word 
of admonition should never need be said. It is a constant source 
of amazement that college men, and above all, fraternity men and 
0. F. J's. should ever require spurring on this score. That a 
chapter or member could turn its back on an honorable debt and 
because a beneficiary, a parasite on his fellows seems incredible, 
were not the reports of the convention and the books of the Quar- 
terly before us. The college year will soon close; many of your 
members will leave college and your chapter will find itself at the 
opening of another year confronted with heavy burdens, which 
must either embarrass you or arouse the spectre of repudia- 
tion. To chapters in arrears we would sound the note of warning 
and appeal to their honor to be square. The officers of the Grand 



200 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Chapter are busy men, occupied with other cares and cannot 
devote more than a moiety of their time to the fraternity. Bear 
this in mind and relieve them of unnecessary labor. Cleanse your 
own escutcheon of any stain of dishonor which may taint its bril- 
liancy, and you will find your own self respect heightened, your 
enthusiasm enhanced. Be men, be honorable Deltas, for we know 
no others and desire none. 

These words are written for those to whom admonition is only 
occassionally necessary. There are however a few unfortunately 
whose moral sensibilities are so dulled that they fail to recognize 
the force of their fraternity obligations at all, and with such we 
have liittle to say. The dependent beneficiary in fraternity is as 
much a parasite as the tramp in society. He reaps where he has 
not sowed and gathers the flowers of another's planting. We trust 
this character of man and chapter is exceptional in our ranks, in 
fact we know from experience that such is the case. God grant 
the day when the sentiment of the fraternity will be so strong 
against this class, that shame will prevent its representation at con- 
vention or in the pages of the Quarterly. Give us moral con- 
viction sufficiently strong to lop off dependent creepers, whether 
they be members, chapters or whole sections. The fraternity will 
rise from such a stand stronger, more compact and a greater power 
for good than it has ever been in the past, for it will have placed 

its ideal higher in the empyrean where only honor reigns. 

* * * 

The growth of the fraternity during the past few years as indi- 
cated by the statistics of active membership, may possibly be of 

interest to readers of the Quarterly. In 1885 

Praternity Solidarity. . . •*.•*.*.• n j 

twenty-seven institutions were enrolled on our 
chapter roster, and while the statistics at our command for that 
year are rather defective, still a conservative estimate, based on 
the convention report of the year, places the active membership at 
325. Four years later (1885) the membership had crept up to 500 
and the chapters numbered thirty-six. Since this latter date the 
growth has been constant and uniform. Seven new chapters have 
been added and several, at that time more or less dormant, have 
been revivified. For the current year, the active enrollment is 600, 
showing an increase of twenty per cent, in the last three years. 



EDITORIAL. 201 

Whether this increase be a cause of congratulation or not is de- 
batable. Granting the high grade of institutions entered, it is still 
doubtful if a large membership does not bear hidden seeds of in- 
ternal decay. Homogenity may be sacrificed in a large and widely 
separated membership, and anything which counters unity of feel- 
ing and harmony of sentiment attacks our armour in its weakest 
spot. The great danger of extension is divergence of views, of 
character and of men. This possibility is by no means fanciful. 
We do not flash the danger signal for imaginary evils, and to sub- 
stantiate this we need only refer to the report which came to the 
last convention from one of our most prominent western chapters. 
Diverse elements had entered into the organization from outside 
chapters, feeling none of the local esprit, and ignorant of the con- 
ditions of fraternity life at a large institution. Trained in a 
different atmosphere they attempted to mould the chapter accord- 
ing to their own provincial views, with the results which we know 
so well. But this instance is by no means an isolated one and 
the tendency of the times, the growing inclination of American 
students to transfer their allegance from one college to another, 
will render it a danger more and more to be guarded against. It 
may seem to many that the Quarterly overstepping its proper 
province in debating this subject, and to others that a moun- 
tain is being magnified from a mole hill, but the cloud on the 
horizen, no bigger than a man's hand at present may develop into 
a simoon, it may pass by as a summer rain. A wise counsel how- 
ever always prepares for contingencies, and a knowledge of con- 
ditions always renders us more capable of steering our course free 
of all dangers. 

But an even more potent and insidious consequence of overgrowth 
is that which weakens the associative force by expanding unduly 
the surface. The intensity of cohesive power is proportional to 
the density of a body, and while the molecular theory cannot 
with strictness be applied to human society, still the analagy may 
be of service as an illustration of our meaning. The chapters are 
as molecules, the individuals as atoms. The latter should bear 
the same relation to the fraternity organism as they do to the 
chapters, and as soon as the seeds of disintegration have entered 
the suture of our armor perfect solidarity no longer exists, and the 



202 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

process of decay has begun. Extension means individualism, and 
individualism and fraternity are mutually repellant. 

Our aim must now be a more intense realization of the oneness of 
our order, and this can only be attained by a straining of our en- 
ergies within, abandoning all aggressive campaigning for the pres- 
ent. The Grand Chapter can do much to promote this feeling of 
solidarity, while state conventions, banquets, inter-chapter visits, cir- 
cular letters, all tend to encourage inter chapter comity. Our eyes 
must be turned in upon ourselves and ground already occupied 
must be better cultivated. 

A more rigid compliance with the constitution should be in- 
sisted upon. If a hand offend in any way, cut it off ; if a chapter 
or a member prove recalcitrant to his vows, let it feel the ax. 
The parent trunk will thrive by the pruning process. The asser- 
tion of such powers of sovereignty by a chapter, or the fraternity, 
is often a good antidote for apathy. It is not intended to assert 
that these evils are imminent or that the exercise of the execu- 
tionary powers is at present needed. The dangers are latent and 
vigor and conservatism will eradicate the insidious germs. 

In conclusion the Quarterly would urge most careful conserv- 
atism in the future, coupled with an intensified occupation of pres- 
ent posts and, if found necessary to resort to the axe, let it be done 

courageously and without regret. 

* * * 

Too rigid compliance with the constitutional provision, which 
prescribes the purchase of a badge by each member of the fraternity 

within a year after initiation, cannot be insisted 
•age. ^^^ ^^ diamond of . /*. J. is your college pass- 

port, and will remain so throughout life, so long as naught is done 
to defame the name of the owner. It is a certain index that the 
wearer is a gentleman and a college bred man, a circumstance 
which will often attract men of different affiliations to one another and 
be a source of mutual faith and often advantage. Again a chapter 
in which every man bears upon his breast the mark of his affilia- 
tion will be a strong chapter. This very, fact, much more than the 
expensiveness of the individual badges, indicates the vitality of the 
chapter and the range of its influence. It may in fact, be said that 
it is due wholly to indifference if each member dees not possess a 



EDITORIAL. 203 

pin, for a precedent once established on this point can very easily 
be insisted on. 

In addition to the effect upon the chapter, each individual will 
become a better 0. r. J. from the fact that he is the possessor of 
a badge. It will be a constant source of inspiration ; a perpetual 
reminder of the vows which he has assumed. It will exert an 
elevating influence and be most salutary. Further than this, to 
the tendency to procrastinate can be traced the paucity of pins 
among our alumni, among whom the habit of wearing the badge 
must be fostered until it becomes more universal. 

The wisdom of the enactment requiring a certain minimum to be 
added to each initiation fee for this purpose, may be an open 
question, inasmuch as in many instances it amounts to an oppres- 
sive tax, levied at a time when the candidate is least willing and 
probably least able to bear it. Nothing shouid ever be done which 
will in any way prejudice <P. /*. J. in the competition for men and 
we can conceive of cases in which a rigid application of this pro- 
vision would react harmfully upon the chapter. 

The question of uniformity naturally arises in a discussion of 
this subject and we confess that a plain inexpensive badge, easily 
within the reach of all, has much to commend it. The prevailing 
tendency among many societies is to discourage the wearing of ex- 
pensive jewels, and J. K. E. has legislated on this subject by pre- 
scribing that all badges in future be of a certain size and accord- 
ing to specified jeweling. Such a provision would conduce to the 
more general compliance of this constitutional provision and would 
render the badge; unfortunately so similar to many others, more 
easily recognizable. In default, however, of any expression of the 
fraternity on this subject, there is nothing to deter any chapter, 
if it desires, selecting a specific pin, the expensiveness of which 

may be gauged by local circumstances. 

* * * 

The literature of the Greek world is to be enriched by the ad- 
vent of a new publication devoted to Pan-Hellenic interests and to 

be known as .The College Fraternity. No. I, 

Vol. I is scheduled to appear October i, 1892, 

and if the skill of experienced F. M. Crossett of the Delta UpsU 

Ion Quarterly and E. H. L. Randolph of the Scroll of <P. J. 6. 



204 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

counts for aught, the new venture starts out on the wreck covered 
waves of similar efforts with every presage of success. 

The magazine aims to supply the demand for matter of a highly 
pronounced literary character and to serve as a medium for the 
expression of Greek interests in their entirety ; and in so far as it 
does this and also tends to bring fraternity men into close har- 
mony and sympathy with each other it must command the co-op- 
eration of all good fraternity men. 

The address of the new publication is 171 Broadway, New York, 
and the editors cordially invite the co-operation of all members of 
the fraternity, both in the contributions of articles of a general 
fraternity interest and also in furnishing news. 

. r. J. cordially extends the hand of greeting to the new pub- 
lication and wishes it a more liberal share of success than has 
been accorded its predacessors. 

* * * 

The action of the Pittsburg convention leaves the publication of 
the song book in statu quo, and dependent for its issuance upon the 

voluntary action of the chapters. Such a compil- 

The Song Book. ,, , , , ., , 

ation is sadly needed and the generous proposal 
of Brother W. C. Steir to assume the expenses of the same, upon 
the simple assurance of a sufficient number of subscribers to recom- 
pense him, places this desired consummation within the reach of 
the fraternity. It now remains to be seen whether it will be ac- 
cepted or not, and the response will measure the effective demand 
of the chapters for it. 

The price has been fixed at {1.25 and publication will be begun 
as soon as the editor receives sufficient encouragement to justify 

it. 

* * * 

While the action of the Pittsburg convention, in regard to an- 
nual circulars, has not met with as unanimous adoption by the 

chapters as was expected, still the small measure 
CircuUrY*** °* success achieved is gratifying and the influences 

which it has set in motion will doubtless produce 
a richer fruitage in the future. The few circulars which have 
found their way to the Quarterly's table, reflect great credit upon 



EDITORIAL. 205 

the chapters, both from a typographical as well as a literary point 
of view and must prove productive of some awakening among 

alumni members. 

* * * 

The Johns-Hopkins Chapter will be gratified to learn in advance 
of any Deltas from other chapters who contemplate entering grad- 
uate work at that institution in the fall. Any member from abroad, 
may find his work of securing accomodations, etc, simplified by 
writing to Brother James E. Inghram, Jr., Arlington, Md. 

* * * 

The choice of Philadelphia as the seat of the convention is suf- 
ficient guarantee that the next annual gathering will be a memora- 
ble social event at least. The brothers of Beta 

The Convention . , . ^ ., - . . - 

are entertainers par excellence and the proximity 
to New York insures a careful attention to those details which com- 
bine to make a convention successful. It is to be hoped that on 
that occasion not a chapter will fail to respond to roll call and 
that the representatives will come well instructed by the chapter 
on those points likely to come up for consideration. 

Many things are pressing for solution and the demand for def- 
inite expression on matters of the ritual, constitution, extension, 
etc., should be met with intelligent action ; which, however, can 
only be secured by discussion of these topics in chapter previous 
to the meeting and the settlement of the attitude which the dele- 
gate is to assume. 

We trust the representation will be complete, and that as many 
alumni as possible will join with us on the occasion and temper 
the action of the convention with words from their experience and 
more mature judgment. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 



ALPHA. 

WASHINGTON AND JEFFERSON COLLEGE. 

Alpha again greets her sister chapters and trusts that the coming 
months of rest and recreation will prove a source of pleasure and 
benefit to all. 

We are pleased to introduce to the fraternity our recent initiates, 
Bros. M. N. and J. M. McGiffiin, of Brookville, Pa. 

At the next inter-society contest, we will again be well repre- 
sented. Brother Dixon will be the debator, and Bro. Deahl, the 
orator, for Franklin and Washiagton Literary Society. 

Probably the most noteworthy event in our college circle during 
this term was the Republican Mock Convention. The majority of 
the brothers took important parts and largely contributed to its 
success. 

Bros. Gardner, Grayson, Hoffman, Travis and Rehn, by gradu- 
ation, will soon bid us farewell. They have all been assigned 
notable places on Commencement, the first three having received 
the only three honorary orations in their class. 

M. W. Acheson. 

m 

BETA. 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

We are happy to introduce bro. Charles H. Judd, '95, our 
latest initiate. Bro. Judd is something of a sprinter, he having 
won five prizes in his first six races, four firsts and one second. 

In tne Fresh-Soph sports, all scratch events, Bro. Judd won two 
firsts, Bro. Coates won two firsts, Bro. Crow won a second, mak- 
ing more points than were scored by any other fraternity. 



The Quarterly desires to be informed of all those members who have severed 
their connection with the fraternity by graduation or otherwise. The editor will 
consider it a personal favor if the names and home addresses of aU those leav- 
ing with the close of the present year are forwarded to him, 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. * 207 

In the University Spring Sports (handicap), Bro. Coates won a 
first, and Bros. Judd and Kendrick each secured a second place. 

In the Pennsylvania Inter-Collegiate sports Bro. Judd won a 
first and a second, and in the bicycle race, Bro. Coates won a first 
and Bro. Crow third, leaving us the pleasure of seeing Heppenstall 
of State College get second place. 

We enjoyed meeting several brothers from State College, and 
were happy to see them win several prizes. 

Our examinations are nearly over, where the Seniors and medi- 
cals finished theirs weeks ago. 

Although we lose quite a number of brothers by graduation, yet 
two of them will return again in the fall, and we have already 
pledged two or three Freshmen. Besides these, there will be sev- 
eral new men here in the fall, athletes and students, who are inti- 
mate friends of some of the brothers. 

We intend to have meets on the first Monday of each month 
during the vacation. By this means we hope to start the next 
term, with our plans made and prospective members decided upon, 
ready to skim the cream of the class of '96. Wishing a pleasant 
vacation to all, I remain fraternally, George Crow. 

EPSILON. 

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

The year just ended has been an eventful one for Epsilon. 
Commencing the year with a very small chapter, she has added to 
the roll of brothers, until at its close her ranks are as full as those 
of any other chapter here. This was only accomplished by the 
greatest exertions for there are eleven fraternities in college ; quite 
a large number among a body of about 225 students. 

All of the new men are good fellows and full to brimming over 
with Phi Gamma Deltaism. We have not one among our numbers 
who has sullied the white star of Phi Gamma Delta by any of the 
vices of college life. We lose Frater Foust, '92, by graduation - 
but we get back Bro. Cheek, who having stayed out a year, returns 
to graduate with '93. We hope to have all the other brothers 
back next fall, and have ten men " in the field " at the beginning 
of the session. 



208 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The year has also been a very successful one to the University, 
the number of its students being greater than for any year since its 
organization. Our president, Dr. Winston, is a man of wonderful 
ability and energy, and will soon make this the equal of any 
northern state institution. 

In athletics also, N. C. U. has gone to the front, our ball team 
having won five out of the eight games played, beating the Univer- 
sity of Virginia. 

In the District convention Epsilon, though farthest away, was 
represented, while some of the nearer chapters were not. Though 
farthest south, none are more royal and true Fijis than the boys 
of old Epsilon, disproving the theory in the last Quarterly about 
the inadvisability of Southern extension. 

Frater F. L. Robbins is superintendent of the Odell Cotton 
Mills at Concord, the largest in the state. 

We are always more than glad to see brothers who may come 
our way. 

With best wishes for the Quarterly and the welfare of the Phi 
Gamma Delta I am yours fraternally Harlee MacCall. 

XL 

PENNSYLVANIA COLLEGE. 

Since the last letter to the Quarterly Xi has added another 
link to her chain — Brother John S. Fair, '94, Altoona, Pa. We 
have also pledged another man, whom we expect will join us at the 
end of this term or the beginning of the next college year. This 
gives us an active chapter of sixteen. We lose this year by gradu- 
ation four men with whom we are very loth to part, but as 0. /*. J. 
always has her own way about the new men, we do not expect to 
be decreased any in number. Furthermore Brother Huber will 
not altogether leave us, since his father has been called to fill the 
newly endowed chair of the English Bible. 

All are now busily engaged in practising for the coming tennis 
tournaments. The most important to us is the inter-fraternity 
tournament. The cup is at present held by us. This year we have 
some fierce rivals to compete with, but we all hope and expect, 
when it is over again to find the cup in possession of $. /*. J. In 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 209 

the regular college tournaments, most of the fraters are represented, 
some of whom we expect to come out ahead. 

This year in base ball Pennsylvania Collage has been both for- 
tunate and unfortunate. Fortunate in winning every game but 
one, that to Franklin and Marshall ; unfortunate in having so many 
games prevented by rain — seven games being thus interfeared with. 
We have but two men in the team this year, F. V. Filbert pitcher, 
and H. H. Hoffman substitute. Frater Filbert's work in the box 
however, has obtained great praise. 

In the field-day sports held here preparatory to the inter-colleg- 
iate contest of the A. C. S. M., 0. r. J. won three out of the seven 
contests; the standing and running broad jump by Frater Fick- 
inger, and the hurdle race by Frater Hoffman. 

Wishing you all a pleasant vacation, I am, 

Yours fraternally, 

E. H. West. 

LAMBDA. 

DE PAUW UNIVERSITY. 

Another year has passed with <P. r. J. still at the front. It has 
been a most pleasant one for Lambda and a bright future is before 
her. 

We lose Bros. R. R. Jones. H. J. Jones and O. W. McGinnis 
by graduation, but Bro. McGinnis will return in the fall to com- 
plete his course in law. 

Bro. C. E. Ridpath, '91, graduated in law this year and left 
on June 8th for an extended trip through Europe. 

Bro. Shutts, '92, who has been practicing law at Aurora, Ind., 
returned to receive his diploma in law. 

In college honors Lambda has received her share; Bro. O. W. 
McGinnis '92, was president of his class and one of five Class Day 
speakers ; Bro. R. R. Jones filled the position of business manager 
of the De Pauw Record and was another one of the five Class Day 
speakers. 

The "Skull" organization chose Bro.Crowder and Bro. Wright 
as 0. r. J. representatives from the Junior class. Bro. Finnel, '96, 
(pledged) took first place in the Preparatory oratorical contest and 
received as a reward a four years scholarship in the College of 
Liberal Arts. 



210 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Bro. Cook, *93, and Bro. Wilkinson, '93, were chosen associate 
editors and Bro. Sears, '93, subscription agent on the staff of the 
De Pauw Record. 

In May Lambda celebrated her 35th anniversary with a drive 
and supper at the country home of Bro. Miller, '93. Twenty 
couples were present and all spent a most enjoyable time. 

Bro. Edward Eggleston, A., filled an engagement on the lecture 
course this last winter. His subject, "How the Poor Live in 
Ireland," was handled in a most interesting manner and his wel- 
come at De Pauw for the future is assured. 

Bro. Lew Wallace, A., delivered the address before G. A. R. 
here in April. 

Bro. John Clark Ridpath, A., has given several interesting lec- 
tures before the University. 

Bros. Chas. W. Smith, A., and Eli F. Ritter, A., of Indianapolis, 
delivered addresses during commencement week. 

Bro. Chas. W. Mikles, '85, Bro. Frank Rumbarger, '85, visited 
Lambda during commencement. 

Lambda is patiently or rather impatiently awaiting the coming 
of the Catalogue. 

With best wishes, I am 

Yours fraternally, 

Fred H. Sears. 

OMICRON. 

UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. 

In the midst of our " exams " we pause to send greetings to our 
sister chapters. We have the pleasure of introducing to the fra- 
ternity at large Bro. William B. Sinclair, of Charlottsville, Va., 
whom we cordially recommend to Phi Gamma fellowship. 

We have been very successful in athletics this year. Bro. Shel- 
ton and Lispop both made the foot ball and base ball team, whilst 
Bro. Houston did himself proud on athletic day. 

Bro. Lispop has been layed up for the past month with a 
sprained knee, which he received in a practice game of ball, but 
he is much better now and is able to go about. 

We were very sorry indeed that we could not send a delegate to 
the State convention, which was held at Lynchburg April 14, 15 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. an 

and 16, but it was so sear Easter and some of our "exams, " that 
it was utterly impossible to get a man to go, but we are sure that 
we will be well represented next year. 

Omicorn has fifteen members this year, five of which will get 
their B. L. 

We expect to have eight members back here next year to start 
with. 

Bro. Coles paid us a short visit on May 27th. He was on his 
way to Philadelphia, where he has secured a place in business. 

We extend a hearty greeting to all of our brothers and wish them 
a pleasant vacation. I am fraternally yours, 

Chas. R* Skinker. 

PL 

ALLEGHENY COLLEGE. 

Since our last letter we have two initiates to report, Bros. Geo. 
L. Foster, '95, of Jamestown, N. Y., and Clare W. Virtue, also of 
'95, of Guy's Mills, Pa. 

Pi has not been last in the race for college honors. In the past 
term, Bro. Ralph T. Hatch won the Centenary Declamation Con- 
test, while your scribe took the Chautauqua Oration prize. We 
also scored another honor in having Bro. Harry P. Johnson 
elected as Declaimer to represent Allegheny Society in the Inter- 
Society contest of commencement week. Bro. Harry R. Patchin 
being his opponent, it is quite likely that Phi Gamma Delta will 
come out on top, whichever side may win. 

Bro. R. F. Fox, '92, left shortly before Commencement to ac- 
cept a good position as constructing engineer for a street railway 
company in New York. Our best wishes go with him. 

We lose three men by graduation this year, but will come back 
ten strong to occupy Phi Gamma Delta place again next Septem- 
ber. Fraternally, B. A. Heydrick. 

SIGMA. 

WITTENBERG COLLEGE. 

Although Sigma has not been heard from for some time, she 
would have her sister chapters hnow that she still lives, and is in 
a very prosperous condition. 



212 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Since our last letter, we have introduced six men to our ever 
ready "goat." Bros. Gus Van Matre, J. F. Casper, H. 0. Rhodes, 
C. S. Ramsey, B. G. Printz and your humble correspondent. Bro. 
Printz is physical instructor at our college, and a fellow well liked 
by all. 

Our fraternity is in the lead of all the fraternities of the college 
and at the very top in Athletics. Bro. H. O. Rhodes is manager 
of the base ball team and your correspondent captain. B. G. 
Printz is one of the pitchers and the best on the team. J. F. 
Casper plays third base and Henry Schell right field. Bro. W. T. 
Schell is vice president of the athletic association of Ohio colleges. 

Our ball team has done some very fine work this spring. She is 
now a tie with Otterbein College, of Westerville, O., for first place, 
and we hope to be winners of the pennant if good and hard work 
will accomplish it before this article reaches our brothers. 

We have C. E. Gardner and C. R. Sherck, as senior editors on 
our college paper, The Wittenberger ', arid Bro. C. S. Kuhlman has 
been elected for next year. C. R. Sherck is class orator for his 
class this year., 

We have too many class officers to mention distributed among 
our fourteen (14) active members. 

We loose three Brothers by graduation : C. E. Gardner, C. R. 
Sherck and Henry Shell. Bros. Gus Van Matre, W. A. Pearman 
and John Feighncr have left school. Bro. Pearman expects to 
return next fall. Bro. C. Van Matre has left school to study 
medicine. 

We hope soon through the Quarterly to introduce two men 
that we know will make good 0. /'. J's. 

Sigma, in closing, sends greetings to her sister chapters, and 
wishes them every prosperity in their work. 

Fraternally, 

C. F. Gladfelter. 

TAU. 

HANOVER COLLEGE. 

Tau again greets her sister chapters. 

Waiting in the closing hours of the college year, we look back 
over a session which has been full of honor for Tau and Phi 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 2ij 

Gamma Delta. We number sixteen with two men pledged, and 
the outlook was never brighter. 

Although the return of commencement takes four stalwart 
brothers from our "diamond circles," we are confident that 
Brothers Chas. M. Leslie, Elmer A. Shultz, Geo. E. Schelbrede 
and Tunis V. Archer go out from us in the name of Phi Gamma 
Delta 

Since our last letter Tau has changed her complexion as to offi- 
cial organization, resulting in the selection of A. B. Crowe, II., E. 
A. Cutler, E. 9 H. W. Burger, J\, D. H. Peak, T. A., Chas. R. 
Hamilton, state A A., and Frederick A. Hamilton, cor. editor. 

Last Saturday night Bro. T. C. Moffett, '90, drove out from 
Madison and made us glad with his presence at our meeting. Bro. 
Moffett goes to Edinburg to finish his theological studies this fall. 

Bro. Crowe will summer in Washington, having secured an ap- 
pointment in one of the departments. 

It fell to Tau to entertain the State convention this year and we 
tried to do the handsome thing. We cherish the idea that we did, 
and are waiting our turn to do it again. 

The next is Commencement week, when our classic village will 
be filled with alumni, among whom we hope to welcome some Phi 
Gams. 

In closing we wish all a pleasant vacation and unlimited pros- 
prosperity during '92 -'93. Fraternally, 

Frederic A. Hamilton. 

BETA DEUTERON. 

ROANOKE COLLEGE. 

Chapter B. A. to her sister chapters of fraternity 0. T. J., greet- 
ing. Much to our regret we failed to be represented in the last 
Quarterly, but we trust that that fact will not be taken as an 
indication of incipient indifference or weakness. On the contrary 
we are flourishing like the green bay tree, and as we take a retro- 
spective glance at the work accomplished during the session, not 
only in the fraternity hall but in the class room and elsewhere 
we cannot repress a smile of complacency mingled with thankful- 
ness. Will you indulge us in tooting our horn just a little ? Bro. 
Woods presides with great dignity over the Senior class. He is 



il4 PHI GAkMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

also a contestant for the orator's medal and has such excellent 
chances of getting it, that congratulations are almost in order. 
With but little stretch of the imagination we can see Bro. Craig 
wearing the Declaimer's medal to be given by Ciceronian Society 
on June 12th. 

At the Literary Society celebration held during the last session, 
two most important positions were held by Phi Gams. In the 
distribution of commencement honors fortune favored us again, 
the Latin Salutatory falling to Bro. John L. Renleman and the 
Valedictory to your humble correspondent. On the base ball team 
we have an excellent representative in Bro. Craig, who, though 
only sixteen, has on several occasions distinguished himself. 

Since we wrote last our roll has been increased by the name of 
A. B. Drafts, of South Carolina. He caught the fraternity spirit 
at once, and now wears the purple with all the grace of a veteran. 

Bro. W. L. Wood, who was called to his home in Texas on ac- 
count of the illness of his fathr, has returned for commencement 
and will probably spend the summer in Virginia. 

Bro. Adams moved away from Salem in April. It was a source 
of much regret to us that he was compelled to leave school so near 
the end of the session. 

B. J. loses three of her members by graduation this year, but 
nevertheless has bright prospects for the coming session. 

Wishing Phi Gams everywhere a pleasant vacation and much 

prosperity in all they undertake, we remain 

Fiaternally yours, 

C. B. Cannaday. 

DELTA DEUTERON. 

HAMPDEN SIDNEY COLLEGE. 

Since the fourteenth of April the one great theme of conversa- 
tion in Phi Gamma circles is the convention of Section three, 
which was held in Lynchburgh on the date above mentioned. It 
was the privilege of Bros. Campbell, D. Spottswood and myself 
to attend the convention, and I do not think any of us will ever 
forget it. It was indeed a pleasure which I cannot express to 
grasp hands with those noble sons of Phi Gamma Delta, and to 
exchange ideas of fraternity work with the men we met there. 



CHAPTEfe CORRESPONDENCE. *i$ 

The session that is fast drawing to a close has been a happy and 
prosperous one for us, and although as we look back over it, we 
see all along the line mistakes and shortcomings, yet we also see 
much that we can congratulate ourselves upon. In the matter of 
initiations we have much cause to be proud, having in several in- 
stances borne off the prize for which many others were striving. 

At the coming commencement Bros. H. B. Hawes and C. M. 
Armstrong will graduate and leave us. They are men whom we 
will miss greatly, but we wish them all success in their life work 
whatever it may be, and only ask that they will send back their 
best wishes and sympathies to us who remain. 

Our circles have already been broken by the departure of Bros. 
S. P. Hawes and James M. Holliday our brothers in the Seminary. 
Bro. Holliday will labor at Rocky Mount and Bro. Hawes at 
Bluefield. 

Bro. Campbell also leaves us this year but as he will return next 
session to take a course in theology at the neighboring seminary 
we do not as yet mourn his loss. 

Bro. Wardin is the marshal elect for the Phips at final, and 
Bro. Johnston for the Unions. 

Wishing to all Phi Gammas a happy summer and much success 
tn their life work, I remain, 

Fraternally yours, 

Emmet R. Price, '94. 

ZETA DEUTERON. 

WASHINGTON AND LEE UNIVERSITY. 

Your new scribe is glad to report the continued prosperity of 
Zeta Deuteron. 

No new goats have been initiated since April, but those already 
announced have become inspired with an interest and love for 
their chapter, and are as quick as the old men in formulating 
schemes for next session. 

We are the only fraternity at Washington and Lee, in which each 
member owns a badge, and those badges can be seen in the fore- 
front of college life. The final ball presidency, which is the highest 
gift in the hands of the students, is held by Bro. Henderson ; Bro. 



£i6 fcHI gaMma delta quarterly. 

Bullitt is vice president of the athletic association, and we turn 
out a graduate in both the academic and law departments. 

The Washington and Lee base ball team, on which figure two 
Deltas, has been signally successful this spring. Its record is un- 
spotted; and victories over our sister institutions, the Va. Military 
Institute, Richmond College, Vanderbilt, University of North 
Carolina and the University of Virginia, have made us champions 
of the South. 

W. and L. also came off victorious in the Inter-state Orato- 
rical Contest at Nashville, and we hope to bear home the cup this 
year from the State Regatta. 

Zeta Deuteron sent two men to the Section convention held in 
Lynchburg on the 17th of April, and both returned imbued with 
new life, and report a most enjoyable trip. 

A few days after our last letter was sent, II. K. A. appeared on 
the scene with four men, and seems satisfied in her seclusion. 

We start in next year with six members but hope in the Septem- 
ber Quarterly to report new additions to our ranks. 

Fraternally, 

J. B. Ranson. 

THETA DEUTERON. 

OHIO WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY. 

Theta Deuteron has just passed through one of the events of 
the year, that is the fraternity picnic. This is one of the pleas- 
ures of the fraternity world and we accept it gladly. 

We lose five men this year, Bros. Andrews, Jones, Roberts and 
Walden of '92, also Crisman of '94. This will somewhat deplete 
our list, but we have several " futurous esses " to fill the vacancy. 

The Section convention held here seemed to be a success, and 
we became acquainted with a great many of our brothers through- 
out the state. 

Theta Deuteron played ball the other day but modesty prevents 
our naming the score. 

The Field Day sports are soon to take place and Bro Jones will 
no doubt take maay of the events havirg won the running broad 
jump with a record of twenty feet and eight inches. Taken 
all in all Theta Deuteron is in a very prosperous condition. Our 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 217 

quartette has won an enviable reputation wherever they have ap- 
peared. Before closing I must announce our latest initiate; Fred 
C. Nave. With these loose remarks we wish our sister chapters 
farewell. Frank L. McVoy. 

.LAMBDA DEUTERON. 

DENISON UNIVERSITY. 

Since the last issue of our excellent Quarterly, Lambda Deut- 
eron has had many successes which she is proud to record. Pros- 
perity continues to smile upon our thriving college and ch ipters. 
Recently we initiated Bros. Osbun, Hoover, S. H. White, all of 
'96, and C. L. Collins, of '94 ; all sterling fellows and worthy of 
the honor conferred upon them. Numerically we are a firm band 
of nineteen; but we do not consider our numbers a fitting expon- 
ent of our strength. Our aims reach further. We have the lion's 
share of honors at D. U., including class presidents, speakers on 
college and academy commencements, speakers in the various 
prize contests, three members of the base ball team, and so on. 

Bros. Rusk, Chamberlin and S. G. Price have labored worthily 
for the publication of the "Songs of Denison, " the only work 
of the kind among the Ohio colleges. 

For the commencement of Granville Academy the Phi Gamma 
Delta Quartette, of Ohio Wesleyan, an organization famous over 
the state, will furnish music. 

At the recent Field Day of the Ohio Inter-Collegiate Atletic As- 
sociation, held at Denison Athletic Park, and in which Denison 
secured first place, we had the pleasure of greeting a number of 
brothers from 8. J. and 0. J. 

We lose by graduation Bros. Kinney, Davis and M. B. Price, 
all of whom go to the new University of Chicago to pursue post 
graduate work. At least six Lambda Deuteron men will enter 
and it is our hope to see the royal purple floating over that prom- 
ising institution. 

Next year we begin with thirteen men, and as we anticipate a 
largely increased attendance at Denison, we shall probably have a 
large chapter. 

The prosperity of Denison is noteworthy. The attendance is 
now over 500 and rapidly increasing. The promised Science Hall 



2i8 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

is now in its inscriptive state, while our ball team is booked for 
the pennant. 

With a hearty greeting to all brothers and a hope that the suc- 
cess which has so conspicuously attended Lambda Deuteron may 
also be with sister chapters, I am, 

Fraternally, 

Charles Browne White. 

RHO DEUTERON. 

WOOSTER UNIVERSITY. 

The year just at a close has been a very prosperous one for Rho 
Deuteron. Since the last issue of the Quarterly we had one 
initiate, Carey E. McAfee, '93, of Wooster, Ohio. Bro. McAfee 
is quite an accomplished young man and we feel proud of him. 

The Index, the college annual is just out and is one that is a 
credit to the college. It is more of an eastern style book than any 
got out before and is a fine souvenir. Bro. Amos represents 
0. r. J. on the board of editors. 

The students held a mock convention in the chapel May 3th, 
the three parties, Republican, Democrat and Prohibition, each 
put two men in nomination for president. Bros. Hosmer, Mc- 
Millen, Jones and Amos figured prominently in the convention. 
Members of Rho Deuteron hold the positions of president and 
national committeeman of the Republican Club and vice president 
and treasurer of the Democratic Club. 

On the 26th of May, the anniversary of the establishment of 
Rho Deuteron chapter, the boys assembled at the hall to celebrate. 
After the refreshments, the gift of Bro. Horn, were put away, in- 
teresting talks concerning the history of the chapter were in- 
dulged in. 

The Glee Club finished their tour last week. Though the trip 
was not very extended the entertainments given by the club were 
good. Bros. Ormond and McAfee are members of the club. 

Bro. Jones has been re-elected business manage and associate 
editor of the Voice for next year. 

Bro. Larwell, of Ft. Wayne, a former member of Lambda Deut- 
eron, was with us last week. Yours in 0. r. J., 

Earnest C. Amos. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 219 

SIGMA DEUTERON. 

LAFAYETTE COLLEGE. 

Commencement is almost here and we are nearing the end of a 
most pleasant and prosperous year. We number twelve activa 
members, one of whom, Bro. Craven, will graduate this year, so 
that we will start with eleven men next year. We have severa, 
men pledged and the prospects are bright for a good chapter the 
coming year. Bro. Craven is president of the Athletic Association^ 
college marshal, has been assigned a commencement oration and 
elected valedictorian for class day. Bro. Fretz is leader of the 
College Mandolin and Guitar Club, Banjo Club, Orchestra, secre- 
tary of his class and also of Washington Literary Society. Bro. 
Bloomburgh is business manager of the Melange, the college 
annual. Bro. Gearhart is treasures of Calculus Play Committee, 
and Bro. Munson one of the actors. Bro. Munson will also repre- 
sent us on next year's Melange board. Bro. Bartlett is secretary 
of the Athletic Association. In the Freshman Class, Bro. Spade- 
man was vice president, Bro. Bartlett secretary. Bros. Kinkade 
and Hackett were chairman and treasurer of class supper comittee. 

Commencement begins with the Calculus Play, June 25th, our 
distinguished section chief, Bro. Walter C. Stier having composed 
the music as usual. After the Senior concert, June 27th, we will 
hold our annual banquet at Parinosa Inn. Visiting brothers will 
be very welcome. 

With best wishes to all, I remain, 

Fraternally yours, 

Edwin Way Gearheart. 

BETA CHI. 

LEHIGH UNIVERSITY. 

Again Beta Chl's scribe has the pleasure of greeting the sister 
chapters throug the pages of the Quarterly. 

Our College year is nearly at an end and we are all working hard 
for the "exams" which will determine our presence here next year 
or otherwise. 

In athletics Lehigh has done remarkably well, especially in base 
ball and lacrosse, and we are all eagerly looking forward to see 
what our foot ball team will do next fall. 



220 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

We have already pledged two '96 men and our prospects for 
continued success next year are first class. 

Wisning all "Phi Gams" a pleasant vacation, I remain 

Chester Terrill Avres. 

IOTA MU. 

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY. 

This being the closing letter of the year, it will not be out of 
place to speak of the prosperity of Iota Mu. We have not initi- 
ated many new men this year, but those we have taken in are good 
stuff. Since last meeting we have initiated, and are glad to pre- 
sent to the fraternity, Bros. Joseph C. Walier, '95, of Syracuse, 
N. Y. ; William B. Claflin, '95, of Philadelphia, and Heilchiro 
Maki, 93, of Tokio, Japan. We have thus initiated five men from 
the Freshman class and one from the Junior, 

One of the brothers is Vice President of the Athletic Club and 
a member of the Junior Athletic team ; one is captain of the Soph- 
more Athletic team, one a prominent member of the Freshman Ath- 
letic team, and two are on the Freshman base ball nine. We 
are also well represented on the musical societies, having the 
manager of the Glee Club, and members of the Mandolin club. 

The corporation of the Institute is erecting a new building to 
be occupied by the students of the architectual course. This will 
provide much needed space, and indicates the prosperity and 
growth of Technology. Private parties are also constructing a 
dormitory for the use of those students who object to the cramped 
quarters and indigestible food of the Boston boarding house. It 
will accommodate upwards of one hundred, and marks a new era 
in the conditions of Tech. life 

The relative standing of the fraternities at Tech. is as follows : 

'92 '93 '94 '95 Total 

Sigma Chi 9 5 4 1 19 

Theta Xi 4 10 3 3 20 

Phi Gamma Delta 4 6 2 5 17 

Delta Tau Delta 1344 12 

Delta Psi 1 5 8 5 19 

Theta Delta Chi 4 4 1 2 11 

Chi Phi 4273 16 

Delta Kappa Epsilon 7 7 8 4 26 

Delta Upsilon 10 10 6 x 27 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 221 

In spite of the large memberships of one or two of the chapters, 
there are comparatively few strong ones, the four strongest being 
without any doubt, Sigma Chi, Theta Xi, Phi Gamma Delta and 
Delta Psi. 

For some time we have been thinking of entering a chapter 
house, and a committe has been recently appointed to thoroughly 
consider the matter. At present it looks very much as if the next 
year would see us fixed as we have long desired. 

Tech. closes on the 28th of May and we are all busy preparing 
for the annual examinations. 

Russell Sturgis. 

THETA PSI. 

COLGATE UNIVERSITY. 

Theta Psi's new scribe sends greetings to all sister chapters, and 
desires for all i* Phi Gams M an enjoyable vacation. 

As we look back upon the past year, we are pleased to note the 
success of our chapter and the fraternity at large. 

Colgate took off her share of the prizes at the inter-collegiate 
contest in athletics, winning three first prizes, two second and two- 
thirds. 

At our annual field sports, the record in the two-mile bicycle 
race and the mile walk were broken in 6 minutes 16^ seconds and 
8 minutes 14 seconds respectively. 

Bro. Simpson was first in the high jump and held the record; 
and also second in pole vault. 

Since the last publication of the Quarterly Bro. Cote has left 
us and become pastor of the First Baptist church at Durhamville, 
N. Y. We are pleased to hear of his success in his new field of 
work. 

Bro. Stevenson, who left us in the fall, has since united with 
with one of the fair sex, and settled as assistant pastor of the En- 
glewood Baptist church of Chicago. 

We are looking forward with interest to the University commence- 
ment when our brothers, F. E. Coburn, '93, and J. R. Edwards, 
'94, will take part in the Kingsford contest in declamation. 

Theta Psi expects to gather back nearly all her present member- 
ship in the fall, with a full determination to advance along all 



212 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

lines for the best interest of the chapter. 
Wishing the best of success to all, I am 

Yours fraternally, 

W. V. Bacon. 

KAPPA NU. 

CORNELL UNIVERSITY. 

Once more the college year has drawn to a close and leaves K. N. 
in fairly good condition. By the graduation of ten of our staunch 
Senior brothers the chapter will lose heavily for the ensuing year, 
but as change is the law of nature, we can only hope it is a change 
for the better and not for the worse. 

Our graduation exercises this year were exceptionally fine and 
the class of '92 upheld the high commencement standard of our 
alma mater with great credit. 

K. N. was unusually fortunate this year, for the Woodford prize 
in oratory was awarded to Bro. Shuster, who took the '86 Memo- 
rial prize last year, while out of the nine commencement stage 
orators, three were Phi Gamms — Bros. Shuster, De Fore and 
Huestis. Our fraternity was the only one represented and our 
men the best on the program. William De Ford and Howard 
Hasbrouck also took part in the annual debate between the six best 
men in the law school. 

Commencement week was unusually gay. Many were the rela- 
tives and friends of the brothers who were our guests and they all 
left very much pleased at the entertainment they had received. 

The boys also have left for home, ten or more of whom have 
gone to stay while the rest will return in the fall. 

The year which now closes has had its trials, its hard work and 
its defeats for all of us, but these notwithstanding, we ought to be 
and are thankful for the many benefits and the much good, which 
have come to us all. 

Wishing all the brothers in all our numerous Jchapters a jolly 
vacation and gracefully yielding the quill to my successor, I am, 

Fraternally yours, 

C. B. Hadden. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 223 

ZETA PHI. 

WILLIAM JEWELL COLLEGE. 

The school year of '92 has closed, and as we leave the dear old 
walls of William Jewell, we take with us many pleasant memories 
of fraternity life. The year has been a pleasant and profitable one 
to all Deltas. In the contests we have have borne the Delta ban- 
ner to the front and captured the two most important college 
medals, declamation and oration. In field day sports we swept 
all before us, winning every entry save one, while the medal for 
best all around athlete was won by Bro. Avery, who was successful 
in everything he entered, and lowered the college record for base 
ball throw, 100-yard dash and high jump, with Jackson as a close 
second. B. C. Hyde wears the essay medal and H. M. Ogg the 
horizontal bar medal. At our graduating exercises we were rep- 
resented by Bro. Hyde. 

The banquet at the "Winner" Monday, June 6th, was a great 
success. There we met around the festal board with sisters and 
many of our alumni. 

Fraternity spirit at the college runs high. We close the year 
with pleasant memories and brigh hopes for the future, as the col- 
lege appears to be starting on an era of prosperity never before 
known to us. 

We expect to be represented at the next convention, and gain 
the inspiration for Z. #. which we know will pervade that assembly 
of Deltas. With fraternal regards we are 

Yours in #. T. J. 

W. J. Williamson. 

GAMMA PHI. 

PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE. 

Since our last communication to the Quarterly, Gamma Phi 
has achieved a number of successes, which we are anxious to re- 
late to our brothers in the fraternity. The spring session has cer- 
tainly been a bright era in the history of our beloved chapter. 

In athletic sports almpst everything has been ours. Out of 
seven men selected to represent us at the annual meeting of the 
Inter-Collegiate Athletic Association, held at Philadelphia, Pa., 



224 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

five were Deltas and these won for Pennsylvania State College nine 
of the twelve points scored by the team. Frater Cartright took 
first in the shot ; Frater Brown second in the mile walk and Frater 
Heppenstall second in the two-mile bicycle. 

Again, at a handicap meeting held here on Decoration Day, at 
which four cups were offered for proficiency in different lines of 
sport, we once more triumphed. Three of the cups were taken by 
wearers of the royal purple, Fraters Hildebrand, Aull and Scott 
being the successful being the successful men. Not only has 
brawn been triumphant with us, but brain has come in for a goodly 
share. 

Frater Hile who graduates this year, has been appointed to a 
fellowship at Wisconsin University. He also was one of the rep- 
resentative of the Washington Literary Society in her debate with 
her sister society, the Cresson. Although the question was lost to 
his side, many felt that his arguments were the most clear and 
precise of any offered. With very best wishes for a pleasant sum- 
mer vacation to all the Deltas, I am 

Yours fraternally, 

Geo. C. Butz. 

BETA MU. 

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY. 

Summer has come, commencement exercises are over and the 
term of , 9i- , 92 at Johns Hopkins is a thing of the past. This is 
the time when friends and brothers, identified with each other for 
so long, must separate, each to pursue his own course through life, 
independently of the others. 

Beta Mu loses three of her number who have taken the degree 
of Ph. D. They are Bros. Howe, Kohler and Mikklesen. Bros. 
Baker and Chestnut graduated in the class of '92 and will in all 
probability return next year. 

Bros. Foster and Phelps who have been attending the Electrical 
course intend leaving the university ; the former to accept a posi- 
tion in railroading in the South, the latter to assume the manage- 
ment of the electric light plant at Greenville, S. C. 

Since last heard from we have taken in no new men, but hope 
by the time of the October issue of the Quarterly to introduce 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 225 

to the fraternity several men whom we have pledged. 

On the evening of the 10th of June we gave a dance to our 
friends, the second one of the year. It was a most enjoyable oc- 
casion and was pronounced a great success by those who were 
present. 

During the year chapters of Kappa Alpha (Southern Order) 
and of Phi Theta Psi have been established at Johns Hopkins, 
making in all seven fraternities here represented by chapters. A 
member of the former was heard to remark recently that it was 
his desire, and that he did not thinks the time far distant when the 
Northern and Southern orders would unite. Whether or not there 
are many Kappa Alphas who hold these views we do not know, 
but they seem to be directly at variance to the statement made in 
their Journal of October last that Kappa Alpha was a distinctively 
Southern order, its policy being to restrict itself to the South and 
to allow no Northern chapters. 

Beta Mu is greatly pleased to note the success of Bro. E. A. 
Ross who was connected with the University last year, and who 
has recently been called to Cornell to accept a responsible posi- 
tion. 

To all Phi Gams who are about to enter the arena of life, to 
face its stern realities and battle with its trials and misfortunes, 
Beta Mu sends her heartiest and sincerest wishes for succes. 

Fraternaly yours, 
John W. Corning. 

LAMBDA SIGMA. 

LELAND-STANFORD, JR. UNIVERSITY. 

• 

The 14th of June will end the first year of active work in Le- 
land Stanford, Jr., University. It has been an active year for us 
all. We started out on October 1st with no past to refer to, 
branded as an experiment, and with a name almost too widespread 
for an institution so young. But owing to the untiring efforts of 
our benefactors, combined with the determination of faculty and 
students with perseverance as their motto, we have reaped a satis- 
factory success. The same date will also end Lambda Sigma' s 
first year. 



326 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Since our last communication, we have initiated two members, 
J. T. Metcalf and Grant Calhoun, making our total membership 
thirteen. All of them have had an active part in the organizations 
of the University. 

During the last three months we have done little rushing, hav- 
ing secured our portion of 95 men, but are resting quietly only to 
be much more active when the storm of the new year begins. 

The members of Lambda Sigma have been prominent during 
the year in the way of honors and offices. Bro. Wight is one of 
the two assistant librarians and served a term as an associate 
editor of the Sequoia; J. W. MacCormac is a member of the 
English Club, the most conservative organization in the Univer- 
sity; E. C. Ewell is assistant to the recorder and will receive the 
position of assistant librarian next year. Both positions as assist- 
ants will then be filled by loyal Fijis. Grant Calhoun has dis- 
tinguished himself as a college sprinter and has won three gold 
medals during the year. C. C. Thomas is violinist in the Univer- 
sity Orchestra. A. B. Rice is treasure of the associated students, 
member of the executive committee of 95, and member of the 
Athletic Committee. Russell plays with the '93 and University 
nines. Metcalf played in the Tennis Tournament between the 
University of California and Stanford, served on the University 
nine, was first semester treasurer of '95, and secretary of the 
Athletic Association. J. W. Thompson is spoken of as the most 
groceful tennis player in the University and has held first and 
second place off and on during the year. Hughes is a member of 
the Executive Committee of the Associated Students and was 
first semester secretary of the class of '95. 

We lose no men by graduation this year so the prospects for the 
coming year are bright indeed. Our men have been so selected 
that we are able to draw from all of the most desirable sections of 
the Pacific coast. 

We received a visit from Dr. Robert H. Dinegar, of N. E. Uni- 
versity, of the city of New York. He is an enthusiastic Fiji. 
Lambda Sigma also has a member in the faculty, A. G. New- 
comer, formerly of the University of Michigan. 

Wishing all sister chapters a pleasant uacation, we remain, 

Fraternally yours, 
1 Chas. C. Hughes. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 227 

NU EPSILON. 

UNIVERSITY OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK. 

It is with great pleasure that your scribe writes this, our first 
letter to that fraternity publication. 

The youngest chapter in the fraternity sends greeting to all her 
sisters and wishes them prosperity during the ensuing year. We 
have been in existence only four months, but the fraternities at 
the University look upon us as a fair rival. Since our installation 
we have initiated the following men : William Ellsworth Kline, 
'93 law, of Elizabeth, N. J.; Seymour Nathan Hawley Galland, 
'95, science, of Scranton, Pa.; Harrison Merrill Pratt, '96, 
science, of New York City, and Harry Winfield Brown, '96, 
science, of Hoboken, N. J. Besides these, Bro. Peter Chapman 
Ritchie T ,89, who is a junior in the law school has joined our 
chapter and we have eight men pledged, who will join us in the 
fall. 

At the commencement of the department of medicine, Bros. 
Robert Henry Dinegar and Frederick Clark Holden received the 
degree of M. D., and at the law department commencement Bro. 
Rafael Angelo Este was graduated. The chapter had a box on 
both occasions and at the medical commencement we were pleased 
to have Brothers Mitchell, of Wooster, and Shaw, of Cornell, 
with us. 

Owing to our small chapter we did not take many college honors. 
At our annual college games Brother Wickes, '95, received second 
prize in ihe pole vault, third in the quarter-mile run and in the 
220-yard hurdle race. Bro. Kopf, '95, got second in the hammer 
contest and is the catcher of the base ball team. Brothers 
Crosby, 93, Manning, '94 and Wickes, are editors of the University 
Quarterly and your scribe is an editor on the '94 Violet, the col- 
lege annual. Brother Quigley is chairman of the Junior Law 
committee and Bros. Getty, '93, and Curtiss, '93, were marshalls 
at the medical commencement. 

When the B. N. E. elections were declared it was found that 
Bros. Manning and Voislawsky, our Sophmores, were both mem- 
bers of that society and Bros. Bros. Kopf, Wickes, Erdwurm and 
Walscheid were members of the Freshman Society of B. A. B, 



2i8 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The University nas bought 37 acres above the Harlem river and 
will remove from its old site at Washington Square in the heart of 
the city to its new grounds as soon as the new buildings can be 
erected. A fine athletic field will be laid out and ground will be 
set aside for the fraternities who desire to erect chapter houses. 
Our chapter has already begun its building fund, and we are doing 
remarkably well. 

At our last initiations we had with us Bros. Harrington, of 
Wooster, Seller, of North Carolina, Watson, '76, of Yale and 
Cornelius G. Coakley, T '83 and graduate member of N. E. 

We will begin the new year with eighteen men. With best 
wishes for the fraternity, I am, 

Fraternally yours, 
A. P. Voislawsky. 

PI IOTA. 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE. 

Many interesting events have occurred since last we wrote. Our 
banquet, was the principal event of the year with us. 

We have brought two new members into our fold, Bro. John C. 
Abbot '94, of Westford, Mass., and Bro. Charles A. Burt '94, of 
Providence, R. I. We feel quite proud of them, for Bro. Abbot 
has distinguished himself as the swirler on our ball nine, and 
Bro. Burt has done some fine work on the track. 

This year takes away but few of our members. We have five 
from the Senior class, but many are to continue as post graduates. 
Our greatest desire at present is to obtain a chapter house. This 
has been the main subject of conversation for some time at our 
meetings. Our rooms which we now occupy are very pleasant but 
not what we want for another year, and we hope in the near future 
to greet our friends in new quarters. 

At our last meeting we were pleased to enjoy the presence of 
Bro. McCullough with us. 

Wishing you all a pleasant summer, I remain, 

Yours fraternally, 

R. W. Emerson. 



DELTtrf GOSSIP. 



J. S. Nave, Z., 72, is a banker in Indianapolis. 

H. H. Hunt, A. f '91, is city editor of the South Bend Times. 

C. C. Hechman, T., '84, is a successful lawyer in Indianapolis. 

Howard Binckley, A 99 '90, is a hardware merchant at Alex- 
ander, Ind. 

J. Heaton, A. #., '86, is deputy county treasurer of Spokane 
county, Wash. 

W. M. Ridpath, A, is a prominent lawyer and politician at 
Spokane, Washington. 

J. D. Martin, 77., *8o, is now pastor of the Fortieth Street M. E. 
Church, Philadelphia. 

Fred E. Mygatt, N. J., '91, is with Man & Man, lawyers, 56 
Wall street, New York. 

J. B. Alexander, A. $., '90, is a reporter on the Evening 
Chronicle, Spokane, Wash. 

J. B. Sellars, E mi '92, is practicing his profession of expert ac- 
countant at xo Wall street, New York. 

U. N. Bethel, T, is secretary of the New York and New Jer- 
sey Telephone company ; office in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Charles B. Teal, B. X , '92, is with Haines & Bishop, dry goods 
commission merchants, 70 and 72 Worth street, New York. 

A. R. Miller, D. D., 77., '92, has been for more than a year past 
doing effective service as pastor of the Chestnut Avenue M. E. 
Church, Altoona, Pa. 



Alumni and other readers of the Quarterly will confer a favor upon the man- 
agement by forwarding personals of self or other Deltas and especially by trans- 
mitting newspaper notices of members of the fraternity. 



jo t>fci GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Dr. C. E. Grove, A. 0., '87 is a successful physician at Spokane, 
Washington, and is secretary of the city and also of the State 
Homcepathic Society. 

J. S. Myers, 0. J.. '87, has risen rapidly since going to Pitts- 
burg and now occupies the important place of night editor on the 
Post, the leading Democratic daily. 

H. L. Weed, 82, J. 3., is an assayer and mining engineer at 
Spokane, Washington, and is likely to become rich from the rapid 
development of that rich mining region. 

Dr. W. S. Ross, E., since his graduation has been associated in 
practice with his father on Twelfth Avenue, Altoona, Pa., and 
in their profession both maintain high rank. 

H. W. Stratton, A, '52, has retired upon a fortune realized from 
real estate in Spokane, Washington, and is the oldest and one of 
the most zealous members of Iota graduate chapter. 

R. B. Blake, A, is judge of the Superior court of Spokane 
county, Washington, and is favorably mentioned as a candidate 
for the bench of the Supreme court of the state in the fall election. 

From the pen of Maurice Thompson, that versatile Delta critic 
and charming story teller, has recently been issued a volume 
of poems, by Houghton, Mifflen & Co. Bro. Thompson has long 
been connected with the New York Independent as assistant editor. 

M. A. Mikkelson, B. 3/., '92, late Fellow on History at Johns- 
Hopkins, has accepted , for the coming year a position with the 
Century Company, of New York, and will assist in the editing of 
the new Biographical and Geographical Cyclopedia in progress of 
preparation. 

Richard H. Bosworth, of A, J., is the pastor of the Mayflower 
Chapel, a branch of Plymouth church, in Brooklyn, N. Y. This 
is one of the missions established by the late Henry Ward 
Beecher and in importance and number of members has risen to 
the dignity of a Beperate church, but for many good reasons it 
prefers to remain under the guardianship of its mother church. 
Coincidently his college chum, Rev. Dr. J. O. Wilson, of A. J. f 
become stationed in the same city last spring as the pastor of the 



DELTA GOSSIP. 231 

Sampson M. E. church. Neither knew of the other's presence in 
Brooklyn until various newspaper items about the latter, led Dr. 
Bosworth to seek out his old-time friend and brother. 

It is a fact rather remarkable that of the seven editors of the 
current volume of the Nassau Literary Magazine of Princeton, 
where fraternities are forbidden and everything savoring of mys- 
ticism ( save perhaps medieval theology ) is tabooed, that four are 
fraternity men and all of them from western colleges. Two of 
these, Bros. M. Harrington and W. A. Dunn are #. T. J. from 
Wooster; one is a 2. X. from Perdul, and one, a B. 0. /7., from 
Washington College, (Mo.) The May issue contains a clever dia- 
lect speech entitled " Timmy Noonan's Kid." 

The tenth series of Johns-Hopkins studies on historical and 
political science contains the announcement of a monograph by 
James A. Woodburn, Ph. D, of Zeta, entitled "The Causes of the 
American Revolution." The same author has been contributing 
during the past year a series of articles on American institutional 
history to the Chautauquan and we notice from the announcements 
of the Chautauqua College as well as the Bay View Assembly in 
Michigan, that he will deliver a series of lectures during the sum- 
mer at these resorts. Dr. Woodburn recently received flattering 
offers from the New Chicago University, which, however, he de- 
clined to accept, preferring to remain with his alma mater at 
Bloomington, Ind. 

At the First Presbyterian Church, Fifth Avenue and Twelfth 
Street, yesterday, at 5 p. m., a pretty and quiet wedding took 
place when Miss Mamie Ida Wilson, daughter of Mrs. Elizabeth 
Langdon, and the late Henry Wilson, of St. Louis, was married 
to Dr. Carl Reisig Hexamer, Y., '82, of Stamford, Conn., by the 
Rev. Dr. Howard Duffield, pastor of the church. The bride wore 
a traveling costume of steel blue and carried a bouquet of lilies of 
the valley. She was given away by her brother.in-law, A. E. John- 
ston, T., 81, and was attended by six children bearing roses. The 
best man was Dr. F. A. Buchler, and the ushers were Drs. John 
B. Lynch, George S. Lynde and Arnot Spence, all of this city, 
and Henry Swayze, of Stamford. A large number of relatives and 
friends of the bride and bridegroom was present. 



*3* £Hl GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

DIKGO PINZON AND THE FEARFUL VOYAGE HE TOOK INTO THE UN- 
KNOWN OCEAN, a. d., 1492. By John Russell Coryell, Y., '71. 
Illustrated. New York : Harper & Brothers. 
In Mr. Coryell's story we are not to understand that Diego 
Pinzon, who was the nephew of the two great Captains who sailed 
with Columbus, was a bad boy ; the friar Juan Perze, who gov- 
erned the school at the Convent of La Rabida, was a hard and 
cross old man. Diego was full of fun, and certainly helped him- 
self to the melons in the convent garden, and so, in order to teach 
Diego a lesson, the friar turned him over to Capt. Martin Alonzo 
Pinzon, and the school boy sailed away across unknown seas in 
the Pinta, and was among those who discovered the New World. 
Mr. Coryell has constructed an interesting story for young people, 
and has given to the fiction the proper stiffening of the historical 
facts. — New York Times y June 26. 

A pretty and fashionable wedding took place in Nyack, at Grace 
Episcopal Church, yesterday. The bride was Miss Louise Law- 
rence Campbell, daughter of James Campbell, and the bridegroom 
was William Effingham Sutton, &., '8i, of Oakland, Cal. The 
church, which was handsomely decorated with flowers, was 
crowded with guests. The bride entered the church with her 
father, and was preceded by the maid of honor, Miss Alice Low 
Sand, cf Brooklyn. Edward Meritt, of Nyack, was best man. 
The ushers were James D. Simonson, of Nyack; Paul B. Rossier, 
of Yonkers, and the Messrs. Sutton, brothers of the bridegroom. 
The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Dr. William Neilson 
McVickar, of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Philadelphia, 
assisted by the Rev. Franklin Babbitt, rector of Grace Church. A 
large reception at the home of the bride's parents followed the 
ceremony. The couple left Nyack for an extended trip. They 
will live in Oakland, Cal. Mr. Sutton is civil engineer of the 
Central Pacific Railroad Company, and a grandson of William P. 
Clyde, the steamship man. — New York Tribune, June 2d. 

From a very interesting letter from one of the most enthusiastic 
supporters the Quarterly ever had, Hon. J. H. Shepherd, of 
Shreveport, La., we quote the following most interesting personal : 
" I was defeated for nomination to my present office because I 



DELTA GOSSIP. 233 

preferred honor and integrity to the success of the Louisiana Lot- 
tery company. The campaign just closed has rid us of the octo- 
pus which controlled politics and business in this state and which 
proposed to fasten itself on us for 25 years and pays $1,250,000 
per annum to the state for the privilege of an exclusive m6nopoly 
to sell lottery tickets. It successfully defied the laws of the other 
states and engendered a spirit of gambling of the most pernicious 
character. Its stock was worth $1,400 per $100 share. It con- 
trolled the banking business of New Orleans, was the cause of 
frequent embezzlements and suicides, made dishonest the servants 
and held control of the legislature. They spent some $5,000,000 
on the campaign, bought the press in a large measure and their 
hireling orators spoke at great barbecues. The music and pro- 
visions were paid for by the company. I was informed two years 
ago either to keep silent or expect defeat through their efforts. 
I accepted their threats with defiance, was incessant in my work 
from the stump in denouncing the corrupting concern and they 
spent large sums to defeat me, and were successful." Brother 
Shepherd has been presented to the Civil Service Commissioner as 
a candidate for the vacant judgeship of Louisiana, and his many 
friends will be gratified to learn that he has been endorsed by most 
of the influential men of the state and has excellent prospect of 
success. • 



HELLENIC HAPPENINGS. 

Americans are enrolled in the University of Berlin. 

Sigma Chi has dropped Steven Institute of Technology from 
its roll. 

The Chautauqua Freshman Class of 1894 numbers fifteen 
thousand. 

Oberlin College recently received $91,000 from the late William 
B. Spooner. 

Ohio Wesleyan University has been the recipient of $80,000 
during the past year. 

0. 0. *. as predicted in our last issue has entered Johns Hop- 
kins University with three or four men. 

University of Michigan now enroll 2,750 students, the largest 
attendance of any American University. 

Pi Kappa Alpha ( a distinctively Southern order ) has recently 
entered Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tenn. 

Chi Phi has recently organized at the State University of Texas, 
through the aid of a X. $. professor in the faculty. 

Sigma Nu doubled upon the Pacific slope and entered the 
University of California with eleven men and the Leland Stanford 
with a like number. 

Sigma Nu which entered Yale as a university society in 1889 is 
said to have given up the attempt and to have disbanded at the 
close of the present year. 

Delta Gamma and Alpha Phi have both entered the Womans' 
College of Baltimore. Both chapters are well chosen and have a 
free field of 300 students to pick from. 

Pi Kappa Alpha, which was established at the University of 
Virginia in 1868, has recently organized its eighth chapter at the 
Washington and Lee University. 



HELLENIC HAPPENINGS. 235 

The Delta Upsilon Quarterly announces the entrance of Q. 
r. A. into Franklin Marshall College and the extinction of our 
University of North Carolina Chapter. Wrong again, brother. 

One of the corridors in Mammoth cave is known as fraternity 
hall. It contains pyramids of stones representing fourteen different 
fraterntties. Each visitor adds one stone to the pile representing 
his fraternity. — -. A. E. IZecord. 

The northward rush of Southern fraternities seems to have con- 
centered itself in Indiana. -. N. during the year has entered De 
Pauw, Perdue and the State University ; 2 A. E. has secured a 
foothold at Franklin College while K. I. is but little behind in 
this movement. 

Owing to misrepresentations in the press of New York city and 
Boston, the editors desire to publish the fact that " The Dickey " 
Society at Harvard has no connection whatever with the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon fraternity. The editors ask all exchanges to copy 
this notice. — D. K. E. Quarterly. 

With a membership of seventeen the Johns Hopkins University 
holds two of the twenty University Fellowships annexed each 
year and one Scholarship, while another member of the chapter 
during the past year has served on the corps of instructors. In 
addition to this, four members served on the foot ball team of 
'93, one on that of '92, while another represented the chapter on 
the 'Varsity base ball team. 

The recent revival of the Minnesota Alpha chapter of #. J. 0. 
at the University of Minnesota should be a matter of congratula- 
tion both of 0. J. 0. as well as of all fraternities desiring to pro- 
mote inter-fraternity comity and honor. It is a standing monu- 
ment to the perseverance of the Minneapolis Phi's can be little 
else than a thorn in the flesh of the local chapter of A. K. E. f 
which dishonorably deserted 0. A. 9. some years ago to enter the 
latter fraternity. 

Another new Greek letter fraternity has entered John Hopkins 
university, making eight fraternities now represented here. The 
new fraternity is the Phi Theta Psi, which was organized at Wash- 
ington and Lee University in 1886, and now has chapters at the 



*34 l>Hi GA&MA D^LTA QUARf ERLV. 

University of Virginia, Randolph -Macon College, William and 
Mary College 1 and other Southern colleges. The Johns Hopkins 
chapter is known officially as the Iota chapter of the fraternity, 
and includes four members of the class of '94. The other fra- 
ternities now at the university include the Beta Theta, Pi, Phi 
Kappa Psi, Delta Phi, Alpha Delta Phi, Phi Gamma Delta, Kappa 
Alpha and Kappa Sigma, the last one being a joint chapter with 
the University of Maryland. 

Quite an amusing sort of things exists here in the J. 7*. J. fra- 
ternity from the fact of its discrimination as to whom it initiates. 
At their annual "pow-wow," held a few weeks ago, three men, who 
were neither attendants at college and who had probably never 
been there, responded to toasts and now wear the badge of J. T. J. 
This seems ridiculous but nevertheless is true. Their chapter 
having dwindled down to three men this year, most anything is 
resorted to to keep their once proud banner afloat. — Allegheny 
correspondent 0. K. W. Shield 



DEL IAS. 



ALLEGHENY. 

Stephen Foster is a successful attorney at Jacksonville, Fla. 

W. H. Davis, '90, is a frequent visitor at the Place and is al- 
ways welcome. Will is at present in the manufacturing business at 
Kane, Pa. 

J. W. Skinner, Esq., is one of the rising young attorneys at 
Pittsburg, Pa., and is one of the staunchest friends of the chapter 
and of all its enterprises. 

Samuel S. Marquis, '90, of the Cambridge Theological semin- 
ary, was recently ordained Deacon in the Episcopal church at 
Meadville, Pa. 

James B. Wood, '89, and Leon V. Grove, '88, were among the 
graduates of the West Penn Medical College in May and stood 
well up in their classes. 

Will L. Siling, '90, formerly of the Quarterly staff, was mar- 
ried during June to Miss Lillian Fradenburg at Chautauqua, N. Y. 
Quite a number of Pi's brothers attended the ceremony and all of 
his many friends bear to him bountiful good wishes on his 
new life. Bro. Siling is still connected with the Mt. Hermon 
(Mass.) school as professor of Latin. 

Wm. McNair' '89, is now employed in doing cartoon work on 
Puck and is a frequent contributor to Life of New York. 

E. E. Proper, '89, was recently awarded a scholarship in history 
in the graduate department of Harvard University. 

R. C. Crowthers, '90, is located in Cincinnati in the coal 
business. 

WABASH. 

J. W. Nicely, '93, has entered Princeton. 

Fred Rosebro, '83, has been ordained and installed pastor of the 
Presbyterian church at Prescott, Ark, 



238 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Herbert Emery, '83, has married Miss Mary Martindale, of 
Indianapolis. Their home is Chelsea, Mass. 

C. W. Hubbard, '82, is engaged in an extensive real estate busi- 
ness in the Read & Coe building, Chicago. 

The National Eucaustic Tile Co., of Anderson, Ind., of which 
Benjamin O. Haugh, *8i, is president, burned on March 15th. 
Loss, $85,000; insurance, $50,000. It will be rebuilt. 

Judge D. P. Baldwin, '79, is at present making an extended 
tour in the old country. He will visit Palestine and Egypt before 
his return. 

Jas. Breaks, '8i, was installed pastor of the Oxford Presbyterian 
church, October 12, '91. 

F. M. Fox, '89, has been compelled to give up his Theological 
studies for a season on account of ill health. 

W. S. Pryse, '71, has taken a charge at Carlinville, 111. 

H. P. Cory, '74, has accepted a call to Worthington, Minn. 

Rev. A. J. Brown, f 8o, received the degree of D. D. from Lake 
Forest University at their last commencement. Bro. Brown's 
church will entertain the General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
church in Portland, Ore., next May. 

C. L. Thompson. '91, is private secretary of his father, Hon. J. 
Maurice Thompson, V. 9 '70, at Bay St Louis, Miss. 

O. L. Houts, '91, is a successful engineer at Long Valley, Lassen 
county, Cal. 

W. M. Jennings and E. G. Lloyd, '90, are in Union Theological 
Seminary, New York. 

E. P. Gilchrist, '89, is in McCormick Theological Seminary, 
Chicago. 

J. A. Coleman, '70, is a prosperous lawyer in the Tacoma build- 
ing, Chicago. 

The home of H. L. Wallace, '74, is rejoicing over the arrival of 
Lew Wallace, Jr. The little fellow will no doubt be dubbed Ben 
Hur, Jr. 



DELTAS. 239 

Alfred Moore is practicing law in the Commercial building, 
Chicago. 

Rev. Jacob Norris, '71, late of Wabash College, is happily at 
work at Laramie, Wyo. 

W. C. Boyd, ex-' 73, is a wholesale coal dealer in Tacoma 
building, Chicago. 

The First Presbyterian church of Portland — Rev. A. J. Brown, 
D. D., '80, pastor — is closed for some weeks pending extensive 
repairs. 

McMaken, '90, has charge of fhe circulation of the evening pa- 
pers at Englewood. His address is 63 11 Wentworth avenue, 
Chicago. 

Rev. R. F. Coyle, '77, received a $3,000 present from his con- 
gregation for Christmas. 

First Presbyterian church, of Camden, N. Y., Rev. W. J. 
Loucks, '77, has received 130 members during present pastorage 
of two years. 

COLUMBIA. 

Bro. William H. Conover, '68, is practicing law in Newark, N. J. 

Bro. Alfred K. Kiefer, *6g, is secretary of the Michigan 
Sulphite Fiber Co. in Detroit. 

Bro. Weibel, '69, is in charge of the Protestant Episcopal 
church at Kent Cliffs, New York. 

Rev. Bro. Hamilton Cady, '85, is one of the Fellows of the 
Protestant Episcopal Seminary, New York. 

Dr. C. R. Hexamar is practicing medicine at Stamford, Conn. 

Bro. W. Irving Taylor, '87, is an officer in the National Guard. 

Bro. Appleton Curtiss, '87, who was formerly historian of the 
grand chapter has been in Paris since last May. 

HAMPDEN SIDNEY. 

Dr. M. D. Hoge, Jr., '84, besides his extensive practice finds 
time to have a class in Physics at the Mechanical Institute, Rich- 
mond, Va. 



Ho PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Manly M. Caldwell, '83, is a member of one of the largest law 
firms in Southwest Virginia. His address is Wytheville, Va. 

Rev, Alfred E. Gaover, '71, has a flourishing church at Pine 
Bluff, Ark. 

Henry W. Naff, '75, having resigned his position as president of 
Kings college is now engaged in the banking business at Bristol, 
Tenn. 

Robert Venable Bouldwin '80, is a rising lawyer in San Louis 
Obispo, C il. 

Dr. Duncan M. Brown, '77, is superintendent of the public 
school system of Petersburg, Va. 

Theodrick Pryor Campbell, '80, is professor of modern lan- 
guages at the Va. A. and M. college. 

W. H. Whiting, Jr., '8i, is principal of one of Virginia's most 
flourishing academies. 

On April 6th, in Hangchau, China, by the Rev. J. L. Stuart, 
assisted by Rev. G. W. Painter, Rev. Crank Price, '87, J. J., of 
Soochow,was married to Miss Essie E. Wilson, both of the Southern 
Presbyterian mission. 

Bros. J. T. Graham and R. L. Kent, '82, are promising 
physicians, the former at Wytherville and the latter at Pulaski 
City, Va. 

Bro. Frank Mosby, '85, is engaged in the real estate and insur- 
ance business in Richmond, Va. 

Bro. Edward L. Evans, '8, ex-mayor of South Boston, Va., is a 
large contractor at the above named place. 

Bro. Edward L. McCandlish, '76, was one of the candidates for 
the state legislature in the western portion of Virginia. 

OHIO WESLEYAN. 

Prof. J. H. LeFetra, 72, Dean of a most prominent ladies' col- 
lege at Santiago, Chili, recently paid his alma mater a visit in 
search of teachers for the institution of which he has charge. 
Prof. LeFetra has been eminently successful in educational work 
in South America. 



t>ELT AS. *4* 

Dr. Jasper Corn, '70, on of 0.J.'s charter members, has an ex- 
tensive medical practice at Frazyburg, O., and is a prominent pol- 
itician of the city. 

L. D. Brown, '74, ex-state commissioner of public schools for 
Ohio, and who has served the state in other important commis- 
sions, is now located at Santa Dominica. 

Elias Jacoby, '81, is engaged in law practice in Indianapolis, Ind. 

Arthur E. Breece, '87, is teaching in a prosperous mission school 
in Singapore. 

W. A. Deaton, '89, recently graduated from Drew Theological 
Seminary, and is now stationed at Germantown, O., in the Cin- 
cinnati M. £. conference. 

" Two fellowships are obtained at Drew by writing competitive 
theses of not less than five thousands words. W. H. Eglin, '90, 
entered the contest and is now a fellow of Drew Seminary. Mr. 
Eglin was considered a fine Greek and Hebrew while here and has 
likewise maintained among the first at Drew. This fellowship 
will enable him to study abroad next year. He will enter Oxford 
to pursue a further course in his chosen profession/' — College 
Transcript 

The fraternity "yell " which was adopted by the last national 
convention originated in 0. J. and has been used for over a year 
as her chapter yell. 

T. C. Coates, '94, is teaching in the public schools at Syra- 
cuse, O. 

DXNISON. 

Geo. D. Rogers, ex-*92, will graduate from Rochester Theologi- 
cal Seminary in May. He has accepted a call to the pastorate of 
the First Baptist church of Lawrence, Kan. 

C. S. Seasholes, '89, will graduate from Newton Theological 
Seminary in May. 

PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE. 

R. G. Furst, r. 0., ex-'93, is now pursuing a course in medicine 
at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 



*4* PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

John W. Heston, J. #., '73, fonnerly principal of the prepara- 
tory department and professor of pedagogies at Pennsylvania 
State College is now principal of the high school at Seattle, Wash. 

Chas. F. Reeves, r. #., 78, formerly professor of modern lan- 
guages and librarian at Pennsylvania State College, is now special 
agent of the Mutual Guarantee Building and Loan Association of 
New Jersey, in Pennsylvania. 

Geo. C. Butz, r. #., '83, is assistant in botany and horticulture 
at Pennsylvania State College. He is the corresponding editor of 
r. 0. and takes an active part in the meetings. 

M. W. Bohn, E. J. f '84, formerly instructor of mathematics in 
the preparatory department of Pennsylvania State College will 
soon take charge of the new office of the Union Roofing company 
at Norfolk, Va. He is now superintending the work of the com- 
pany at AJtoona, where he resides with his newly made wife, for- 
merly Miss Charlotte Ake, of the same city. 

J. W. Reeves, T. #. '84, is superintendent and general manager 
of the Home Electric Light company, of Tyrone, Pa. 

Fred A. Bryan T. #., '90, is with the central branch of the 
Edison General Electric company, 173-175 Adams street, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Geo. M. Downing, T. #., '88, is assistant in the physic and 
electrotechina department at Pennsylvania State College. Frater 
Downing takes a very active interest in the welfare of the chapter 
in which he so ably fills the office of E. 

W. B. N. Hawk, /'. #,, 89, is successfully filling the position of 
chemist at the Cambria Iron Works at Johnstown, Pa., where he 
has been since graduation. 

Geo. Reuben Meek, r. $., '90, is now assistant editor of the 
Bellefonte Watchman at Bellefonte, Pa. Frater Meek is gifted 
with literary ability and a brilliant career is in store for him, that 
will not only bring him fame to himself but reflect credit upon his 
alma mater and <P. r. A. He often calls on us and inspires us with 
encouraging words and sound advice to renew our efforts in behalf 
of the fraternity we all admire. 



r *I WW TORr 

MBUCUBKAV 



''■««H. -«*•?• 



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9 

 


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Li 





CHARLES M. KURTZ, 

istant Chief Fine Arts Depabtu 
Wo.i.i/1 Columbian Exposition 



Vol. XIV. October, 1892. No. 4. 



THE 

PHI GAMMA DELTA 
QUARTERLY. 



Published for the Fraternity 

by 

Frederic C. Howe, Allegheny, '89. 

Rates : One Dollar and Fifty Cents per Volume. Single Copies, Forty Cents. 
Address all communications to the Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly, 

921 Madison Avenue, Baltimore, Md. 



FRATERNITY DIRECTORY. 



THE CONVENTION. 

The Forty-Fourth Annual Convention of the Fraternity of Phi 
Gamma Delta, will be held at Philadelphia, Pa., October 26, 27 
and 28, 1892, under the auspices of Beta Chapter. 

GRAND CHAPTER. 
Address of the Grand Chapter, P. O. Box 112, New York City. 

n. Edward F. Cole, 82 Fulton St., New York City, Concerning 
work of Section Chiefs, Catalogue and Extension. 

E. Frank Keck, P. O. Box 112, New York City, Concerning 
Financial Matters. 

r. A. James N. Ballantine, 188 West End Ave., New York City, 
Concerning General Correspondence and Chapter Reports. 

r. Louis P. Bach, 237 East 23d St., New York ity, Infor- 
mation as to Action Taken. 

7. Dr. Hermann A. Ehrman, 696 Madison Ave., New York 
City, Concerning Certificates of Initiation. 

C. E. G. H. Gilman, Librarian, and Concerning Fraternity 
Archives, 1507 Broadway, New York City. 

N. B. — Communications otherwise directed may be regarded as personal, and 
will not be re-directed* 



Section I. — Chiefs Clement March, 360 Howard St., Cambridge, Matt. 
Name, Institution and Address, T, A. 

I. M . . Mass. Institute of Tech., Boston, Mass Harry M. Phillips 

II. I . . Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass R. S. Parks 

N. A . . Yale University, New Haven, Conn H. G. Webster 

T. . College City New York, New York City ,. . . Henry B. Heylman, 561 

Buckhout St., Mt. Hope. 

0. .Columbia College., New York City. . . .G. A. Schroter, 29 Vanderbilt Ave 
N. E . .University of City of New York, N. Y. .Dr. R. C. James, Wi E. 45th St. 

6. i\ . Colgate University, Hamilton, N. Y J. C. Hendrickson 

K. N. .Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y H. R. Harrington, ♦. I\ A. House 

Section II. — Chief, Walter C. Stier, Easton, Pa. 

A . . Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, Pa J. M. Kennedy 

B. . University of Penn., Phila., Pa Geo. M. Coates 

A . . Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pa E. A. Bush 

5 . . Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, Pa C. E. Filbert 

II . . Allegheny College, Mead vi lie, Pa Will J. Merchant, ♦. I\ A. Place 

B. A .. Muhlenberg College, Allen town, Pa., Box 152 F. W. Wackernagel 

Z. A . . Lafayette College, Easton, Pa E. C. Bloomberg 

B. X. . Lehigh University, Bethlemen, Pa R. C. Mollmann 

P. ♦. . Pennsylvania State College, State College, Pa Ralph F. Martin, 

♦. I\ A. House. 

Section III. — Chief, John E. Etchison, 103 N. Carey St., Baltimore, Md. 

B. M. .Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md John E. Phelps 

B. .University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C.,. . . .Victor E. Whitelock 

0. . University of Virginia, Univ. of Va., Va W. E. Farrar 

B. A . . Roanoke College, Salem, Va John L. Rendleman 

A. A. . Hampden-Sidney College, Prince Edw. Co., Va Carter D. Johnson 

Z. A. .Washington and Lee Univ., Lexington, Va., Box 90. . W. B. Henderson 
P. X . . Richmond College, Richmond, Va Garnett Ryland 

Section IV. — Chief, Charles Bosler, Dayton, O. 

H . . Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio O. P. Blake 

2 . . Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio C. E. Gardner 

6. A . . Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio J. Burt Rodgers 

A. A . . Denison University, Granville, Ohio E. J. Owen 

0. A . . Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Milton T. Weston 

P. A. . Wooster University, Wooster, Ohio Fred N. McMillin 

A.  . .University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. . E. H. Cheney, ♦. I\ A. House 

Section V. — Chief, W. F. Christian, Jr., 200 N. Alabama St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Z. . Indiana State University, Bloomington, Ind H. W. Nuckols 

A. . De Pauw University, Greene as tie, Ind Jos. A. Wright 

T . . Hanover College, Hanover, Ind E. A. Cutler 

i\ . Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Ind 1 W. W. Chipman 

A. A. .Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, 111 L. W. Lackland 

r. A . . Knox College, Galesburg, Ills W. H. Young 

Section VI. — Chief, N. M. Barnes, Minneapolis, Minn. 

M. Z . . University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn E. A. Silberstein 

Section VII. — Chief, Prof. John P. Fruit, Russellville, Ky. 

N. .Bethel College, Russellville, Ky W. C. Pierce 

K. T . . University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn R. T. Lane 

Section VIII. — Chief, H. E. Valentine, Topeka, Kan. 

II. A . . University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan J. M. Challiss 

Z. *. . Wm. Jewell College, Liberty, Mo W.J. Williamson 

Section IX. — Chief, John H. Schutte, 150 Valencia St., San Francisco, Cal. 

A. S . . University of California, Berkeley, Cal H. M. Wright, #. T. A. House 

A. Z . . Leland Stanford, Jr. University, Menlo Park, Cal C. C. Hughes 

GRADUA TE CHAPTER. 

Delta Chattanooga, Tenn., R. J. Kirkwood 

Epsilon Columbus, O., John F. McFadden 

Zeta 1214 Main St., Kansas City, Mo., Glen Miller 

Eta Cleveland, O., J. S. Myers 

Theta Williamsport, Pa., Geo. S. Lenhart 

Southern Alumni Association Baltimore, Md., Jas. A. Carr, Jr., 116 

E. Fayette St. 



THE 



Phi Gamma Delta 
quarterly. 



VOL. XIV. OCTOBER, 189a. NO. 4. 



THE ETHICS OF COMPETITION. 



Progress is the reigning law of nature and civilization. Inaction, 
stagnation, disintegration, death follow in quick succession upon 
the cessation of this principle. Fraternity, likewise, must be 
progressive, not only in numbers and financial stability, but in its 
ethics and in the example of moral purity which it inculcates into 
the minds of its devotees. Too many organizations, which claim 
high moral sanction for their existence, estimate their progres 
almost exclusively on mere numerical strength or on the condition 
of the finances of the corporation. For fraternity, indeed, ethical 
advance transcends in importance every other need, as the influ- 
ences exerted by fraternity associations are so permanent in their 
effect and are brought to bear on youth during its most formative 
period. Those who are fortunate enough to come into contact 
with men of strong character and elevated views, in their frater- 
nity life, bear thenceforward through life evidences, undeniable 
and unmistakable, of the strength of such influences. Traits of 
character developed at college, under the approving eyes of one's 
best friends, take their color from the character of those friends, 



248 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

and if wholesome are productive of the utmost good, while if un- 
wholesome they are ineradicable and destructive. 

He must needs be a broad and careful thinker who would under- 
take ex cathedra to establish a sweeping revision of fraternity 
ethics. From such a task I would shrink as entirely unfitted. 
There is, however, one possible avenue of progress in which the 
steps are easy, are dictated by the natural sentiment of honor in- 
herent in young men, and along the lines of which the need of im- 
provement is most urgent. I mean in the methods used to present 
the claims of our Fraternity as against those of any other, to prospec- 
tive members, i. e. in Fraternity Competition. 

Competition, while the life of trade, reduces the basis of trade 
operations to the level of the worst man who can support himself 
in the competition. The man of most plausible subterfuges, and 
the most facile of misrepresentation, sets, in the long run, the high 
water mark of trade honor. With regard to economics, these re- 
marks are, of course, the veriest platitudes, but their application 
to fraternity ought to present some features of that organism in a 
new point of view, and while their truth in trade operations does 
not imply their truth when otherwise applied, it is only necessary 
to examine into that which all the initiated know, to perceive that 
the level of competition is low and ought to be raised. Com- 
petition is not lessened by raising the level, nor is it favorable to 
one as against another; yet the subjective effect upon the indi- 
vidual cannot be overestimated. 

The objective effect in addition is not unworthy consideration. 
The esotericism of fraternity prevents a very open contact with 
the world at large. If then we are to be judged by the world, as 
we are, it should be our care to present as fair a representation of 
what we really are as the peculiar circumstances of the case will 
permit, and the effect of an honorable, fair and manly contest in 
the eyes of the public would redound great to the credit of the 
fraternity as an organization and convert many of our prejudiced 
opposers. 

In the nature of the case this competition varies largely with the 
individual chapters, as influenced by their relative standing in the 
college and their professed objects and aims. Under any circum- 
stances, the competition is apt to be very sharp and uncompromis*. 



THE ETHICS OF COMPETITION. 249. 

ing. So it should be. To raise the level and, while not abating 
our zeal, enhance our self-respect and attain the regard of the 
world at large is for us the desideratum ; and need we hesitate to 
believe that our invitations are rendered more attractive by pre- 
senting a front of honor, truthfulness and dignity ? Nay, the 
human disposition is most susceptible when approached from the 
chivalric side, however democratic may be the professed senti- 
ments of the person in question. Let me, then, draw together 
some observations on the subject of approaching a man, with the 
hope that they may be suggestive of possible improvement in the 

present modus operandi. 

* * * * * * * 

The subject, to be effective when presented, must be made in- 
teresting and attractive. The essential secrecy of the matter with 
which you deal gives ample opportunity to make it so. The fact 
that you treat with a man in a confidential relationship is often a 
pass-port into his favor and lends a charm to the subjects discussed 
by making the person feel that he shares something with you 
which people less favored do not and cannot share. The greatest 
care should be taken to be sure that the person dealt with is one 
discreet enough to regard a confidence as inviolable, and while 
the confidential character of the conversation should be strongly 
impressed, it is better done by suggestion than by absolute imposi- 
tion of secrecy. The blunt exaction of such a promise is apt to 
make your hearer feel that he has secrets of yours which put you 
into his power. The most flattering imposition of secrecy is by 
insinuation, " Of course you will regard our conversation as con- 
fidential." You have now honored your friend and trusted him 
with your confidence. 

Eagerness and pushing are to be avoided. Cause the person to 
feel that you have time enough to discuss the matter fully, to hear 
and answer all objections and to put your own case fairly and 
clearly, as the importance of the subject demands. If he has been 
approached by others, take an interest in his preconceived ideas 
and opinions, draw him out and after he has given expression to 
his views and expectations you are in the best position to decide 
whether or not he would be a desirable addition to your chapter. 
Care should be taken to counter-argue any mis-impressions he may 



250 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

have ; explain all errors and then proceed to show the advantages 
of your own organization. Here, however, occurs one of the most 
serious faults of the common mode of approaching men. Labori- 
ous attempts are made to prove things which in their nature for- 
bid the bringing of absolute proof ; and discredit is thoughtlessly 
thrown on the statements of rival organizations. Minor considera- 
tions tell very heavily in a person's estimate of you and your 
claims, and a much better impression is made if a simple, modest 
assertion, firmly made, is allowed to take the place of a proof, 
where but half a proof can be given. Discredit should never be 
thrown on the statements of a rival. Imply, if your conversation 
develops erroneous statements to have been made, that they are 
based on a misunderstanding and are errors, but do not impugn 
the veracity of an opponent or appear to believe that any fraternity 
man would willingly falsify or mis-state to gain an advantage. 
Such an argument might well be prefaced with the assertion that 
all statements made by members of whatever fraternity are to be 
believed, or at least carefully weighed, while statements emanating 
from non-frats are worthless, being either the outcome of entire 
ignorance and prejudice, or inspired by chagrin at the originators 
not having been invited to share the mysteries. No loss can ever 
come from honoring a worthy and legitimate rival. It is the Greek 
world against the barbarians ; after that the struggle commences 
between the nations of Greece. 

After all the ration (Tetre of fraternity itself is varied enough to 
supply ample material for these campaigns. Perfect congeniality 
is undoubtedly the common object, and we cannot all find it in 
the same men. That which makes a man desirable to one order 
may very slightly recommend him to another. Not but that all 
seek true worth, but the minor distinguishing traits are the basis of 
selection. A person's predilictions and tastes may vary very 
widely from our own and still both be commendable. Let your 
subject look around him carefully ; you have come to the con- 
clusion that you see in him those qualities which you consider es- 
sential. He on the other hand must find like qualities in you, and 
he should know that unless he feels that he could be, in all re- 
spects and to all the men in the chapter, both agreeable and congenial, 
he confers the greatest favor by declining your proposition. We 



PHI GAMMA DELTA IN INDIANA. 251 

all know that undue haste and desire for numerical strength has 
sometimes led to the admission of persons whose tastes were 
foreign to those of a majority of the other members of a given 
chapter, with consequences invariably unhappy and unpleasant. 
We do not want mono-ideaism, to be sure, and I very much doubt 
whether a more disagreeable company could be gotten together 
than six or eight multiplications of a single disposition ; but con- 
geniality, sympathy and fellow-feeling are not only possible but 
essential. And this unity is happily possible with the most liberal 
and cultivating diversity. With care in selection, and honesty of 
purpose and statement, members can be collected into a chapter 
who will be mutually helpful and agreeable ; who will aid more 
efficiently in promoting the central idea of the fraternity creation, 
and who can by judicious counsels and proper example put an end 
to the baleful strife now prevalent, and who can dignify and en- 
noble the even more distressing conflict between fraternity and 
fraternity. Newton D. Baker, B. M. '92. 



PHI GAMMA DELTA IN INDIANA. 



The history of educational interests within the limits of Indiana 
is to a great degree the record of state improvement and civiliza- 
tion. When Indiana was admitted into the Union in 181 6, a 
proposition to the effect that a township of land should be donated 
"for the use of a seminary of learning" was submitted to the 
people. President Madison, soon after the state's admission, 
designated for the above-mentioned purpose a tract in Monroe 
county, and thus the nucleus of Indiana University originated. 

In like manner, the various denominations embraced within our 
boundaries had an insatiable longing for secular culture and train- 
ing, and they in turn directed their attention toward obtaining 
charters for their several institutions. As a result, Hanover 
Academy, now Hanover College, received a charter in 1828, 
Wabash College, although under a different name, obtained a 



*S 2 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

similar grant in 1834, and Indiana Asbury University, now DePauw, 
was chartered by the Indian legislature of 1837. 

These institutions encountered many difficulties in their early 
struggles for existence. When the forests were for the most part 
primeval, when the pioneei with scanty means toiled long and hard 
for a livelihood, and railroad and telegraph were unknown, these 
colleges and universities had their beginning. With state improve- 
ment came a bettering of educational advantages. Students united 
in forming literary societies and social clubs, which, in their time, 
served a good purpose. However, organizations of such a charac- 
ter were inadequate, lacking the closeness that true fraternal rela- 
tions could afford and the general advantages furnished by a united 
band of young men of similar inclinations in similar educational 
centers. Accordingly a body of seven students of Indiana Asbury 
University petitioned the Grand Chapter of the Phi Gamma Delta 
Fraternity for a charter. The petition was granted May 17, 1857, 
and thus the Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity found footing within 
our state. Chapters were then successively established at the 
colleges of Hanover, and Wabash and at the Indiana University, 
the last grant being made in the early seventies. 

True, our chapters in their primitive condition had not the many 
privileges which we now enjoy. Halls were unheard of, and a 
chapter house would probably have been regarded as the fore- 
runner of the millenium. Nevertheless an abiding friendship 
sprung up which the passage of decades has not extinguished. 

The early days were marked by an extreme bitterness among 
rival fraternities. Good college men were perhaps scarce, render- 
ing an extreme course necessary for success in the " spiking season." 
Now the situation has in a degree changed. The several fraterni- 
ties have some local or national characteristic, and since the stu- 
dent's life has been largely moulded by early environment, he 
naturally falls in the company of congenial men. Absolute secrecy 
seems to have been regarded as essential for the highest develop- 
ment of fraternities, — even the place of meeting was kept from 
public knowledge. The practice of initiating honorary members 
was countenanced in those early years, although never carried to 
excess. These peculiarities have been enumerated, not to throw a 



PHI GAMMA DELTA IN INDIANA. 253 

stigma over our early members, but that a complete exposition of 
the genesis of our order in Indiana may be secured. 

From humble beginning the chapters of Indiana have gradually 
extended their power, until to-day over seven hundred Deltas, in- 
cluding men of every profession and position of honor, have be- 
held the inner workings of the fraternity through the doors of her 
chapters. Lambda chapter will soon have secured four hundred 
signers to the constitution, — a record of which but one chapter of 
rival organizations in Indiana can boast. 

For seven years Lambda stood without a sister chapter ; at 
length Tau, in the midst of civil conflict, was established on the 
banks of the classic Ohio. One hundred and twenty-eight brothers 
have been initiated into that chapter. After an almost equal lapse 
of time Psi was established at Crawfordsville, and through that 
chapter one hundred and fifty-eight men have pierced the mysteries 
of Deltaism. Psi was soon followed by the founding of Zeta chap- 
ter, and she in turn, although the youngest, has made a worthy 
record. 

Our fraternity in Indiana, as elsewhere, is most largely known 
as its alumni; for the Scriptural truth, " by their fruits shall ye 
know them," is not without application to secret orders. This 
reputation is the more potent, as students are often susceptible to 
the influence of alumni before entering college. Our energies 
should then be directed towards securing an active personal interest 
in the organization of our alumni. 

Within the confines of our state, whithersoever one directs his 
attention, he can detect something of Hoosier Deltaism among 
the intellectual and social classes. Our men have filled with credit 
almost every position that the professions or the college depart- 
ments could afford. From the bar, the pulpit, the pen, and even 
the sword, the light of our organization has been radiated. In no 
rank have our alumni stood more in the vanguard than in the field 
of literature. Probably this is the best criterion for judging the 
formative influence of the order. In the front rank of the writers 
of America stands John Clark Ridpath, Lambda, '63. His life has 
been one of intense activity, and his literary products are commen- 
surate with his efforts. We have not time to enumerate the vari- 
ous books he has brought forward. The most noticeable, how- 



254 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

ever, are " Cyclopedia of Universal History," 1884; "Life and 
Work of Garfield," 1881 ; and "Life and Work of James G. 
Blaine," 1885. However, his greatest work is yet to appear ; for 
he is now exerting his efforts toward the consummation of his lit- 
erary power upon the " Great Races of Mankind." 

Not alone in the department of history has our fraternity been 
honored with literary men. In this age of novels we could not ex- 
pect the highest perfection without representation in this phase of 
literary pursuit. Indiana Deltas can well congratulate themselves 
upon the brilliant success of their brother, the author of "The 
Fair God" and "Ben-Hur." Gen. Lew Wallace has yet many 
promising years in store, and judging from a selection of his forth- 
coming novel, we can rest assured that his reputation will be 
greatly enhanced. Not less glorious is the reputation of our 
worthy Hoosier novelist, the Rev. E. Eggleston. He, like Broth- 
ers Wallace and Ridpath, is distinctively an Indiana man. Born 
at Vevay, on the banks of the old Ohio, he early imbibed the spirit 
of the state, and in later days depicted the peculiar customs of its 
people. "The Hoosier Schoolboy," "The Circuit Rider," and 
" Hoosier Schoolmaster," portray well our Indiana peculiarities. 
Equally important is his recent novel, " The Faith Doctor," a tale 
of New York life. 

Many of our men have after graduation entered in direct con- 
nection with the several educational institutions. John M. Coul- 
ter, Tau, '73, has for many years held a high position in educa- 
tional institutions, and is to-day president of the Indiana University 
and editor of the Botannical Gazette. JamesA.Woodburn,Zeta, '75, is 
ably filling the professorship of History in Indiana University, and 
is taking a prominent part in the university extension movement. 
Brother James T. Blackwell, Tau, '63, occupies the chair of Hebrew 
and Modern Languages in the Missouri University. His reputa- 
tion for philological research is extensive, his efforts having at- 
tracted the attention of his fellow members of the American Phil- 
ological Society and the Royal Philological Society of Great Britain. 
In politics, Indiana Deltas are well represented. Brother Daniel 
P. Baldwin was elected attorney general in 1882, and still holds 
a prominent position in the rank of Indiana politicians. Brother 
George A. Sheridan has represented the New Orleans Indiana dis- 



£HI GAMMA DELTA IN INDIANA. 255 

trict in the House at Washington. J. O. Chenoweth has been a 
prominent member in the Texas delegation to Congress and was 
appointed first auditor of the treasury by President Cleveland. 
Ex-Attorney General Mitchner has figured conspicuously in In- 
diana politics as one cf the leaders of the Republican party in this 
state. 

In the ministry the Hoosier chapters are not without leading 
men. Several have chosen their work in distant countries among 
uncivilized and heathen people. Thomas B. Wood, Lambda, '63, 
has taken a most prominent part in the establishment of Chris- 
tianity among the South American nations. He is stationed at 
Montevideo, Uruguay, where he edits the El Evangtlisto, the first 
evangelical paper of that country. Brother S. A. Moffett, formerly 
chief of this section, is a prominent missionary in Korea. 

Among the foremost editors of Indiana is John W. Holliday, 
Tau, '64, of the Indianapolis News. Of benefactors, Newland T. 
and Charles W. DePauw, Lambda, '79 and *8i, honor the frater- 
nity greatly. Lastly, the Delta was to be found on the field of 
battle when the nation was wrapped in civil war. The battle cry 
went forth and many brothers rushed to the issue of the conflict — 
some never to return. Among the members of our fraternity in 
Indiana who figured conspicuously in the late war are Gen. Lew 
Wallace, Gen. George A. Sheridan, Hon. Charles W. Smith, and 
many others. There are other brothers who have become distin- 
guished in their respective lines and should receive mention, but 
the time allotted forbids a more complete enumeration. 

What as to the undergraduates ? The active membership of the 
four chapters is about sixty-five. In each chapter there is a pre- 
ponderance of Indiana boys, thus making the chapters distinctively 
Indiana chapters. Enshrined deep in their hearts is a love for the 
order in its state relation ; for we are constantly brought in con- 
tact with each other. 

That same liberality of the graduate is also a distinguishing 
mark of the undergraduate. The active members of the fraternity 
have formed a close union largely through the agency of the State 
Convention. It is not uncommon for a brother to be acquainted 
with the majority of the members of all the other chapters. 
Through the exchange of ideas and the enjoyment of our fraternal 



256 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUAkTERLY. 

relations Phi Gamma Delta in Indiana has become largely, both 
in feeling and purpose, a unit. No greater obligation rests upon 
the chapters than the perpetuating of our yearly gathering, no duty 
is pleasanter than attending, no means can bind us in more " will- 
ing allegiance " to our common cause. 

As viewed by our last National Convention, the granting of a 
charter is a matter of great importance. With our chapters located 
in institutions of such high character, " a wise conservatism " 
should be pursued. It is certain that the deepest enjoyment in 
society springs from exclusiveness and among those of equal 
standing. To place a chapter in an inferior college in Indiana 
would end in weakness. Caution rather than hastiness should 
control our actions in considering the applications for charters, 
especially with reference to Indiana institutions where the frater- 
nity is already so deeply rooted. 

A question of great moment is the chapter house, the arousing 
of the interest of the alumni and the securing of their financial 
support being prominent factors. One thing is certain, fraterni- 
ties are in a degree dissatisfied with rented halls. They long for 
a home where they will " dwell together in unity," where Phi 
Gamma Delta love shall reign supreme. What nobler monument 
could be left by an alumnus than a structure erected for cement- 
ing and glorifying the lovely ties of friendship ? Phi Gams of In- 
diana will not fall behind when the time has ripened for building. 
Our many wealthy alumni will, I feel, aid us materially in this 
noble work, and thus render themselves benefactors. 

Another matter worthy of consideration is the placing of a grad- 
uate chapter at Indianapolis. Year by year the band of Phi Gams 
at our state capitol has increased until at least twenty-five are now 
located there. Let us affect an organization in this city immedi- 
ately. 

Thus from a review of the past we perceive that ours is a noble 
heritage. Encircling Indiana Deltaism is a halo of glory. Our 
duty is imperative. May we add new lustre to the order, may its 
" glory be eclipsed only by that of the Greater Light." 

James A. Wright, Lambda, '94. 



THE RITUAL AND INITIATION. 



Having been initiated into five secret organizations, it has been 
born in upon me that what is least expected in initiation is what 
is usually experienced. All societies have something in common, 
and yet all have marked differences which place them on their re- 
spective planes of popularity and usefulness. I take experience as 
a proof in saying that the popularity of a secret organization rests 
largely upon its initiatory and ritualistic ceremonies. 

The college fraternity has not yet reached the point in its growth 
where it can compete in ceremoniousness with the fraternal orders 
of the larger sort, nor will it ever attain that dignity, owing to sev- 
eral circumstances of a more or less insurmountable nature. First, 
a member of the Greek letter fraternity is permitted to join no 
other, and therefore cannot become acquainted with the initiatory 
ceremonies of other organizations, and can draw no com- 
parison. Second, our members are young men, the vast majority 
of whom have never previously known the mysteries of a secret 
order, and any established form of initiation meets their approval. 
Third, our chapters are so far apart that members seldom, if ever, 
visit sister chapters to witness initiations, and there is consequently 
no competitive striving between chapters to excel. The fourth 
and perhaps the chief reason is to be found in the fact that our 
initiations are so infrequent, and so confined to that period of the 
year when nothing is settled, that they are often relegated to a 
subordinate position in the fraternity exercises, and but little im- 
portance is attached to the ceremony. Initiations are looked upon 
often as necessary means to attain the desired end. 

I call this the main reason, because it is here that we must look 
for improvement in our in our initiatory ceremonies if advance is 
to be attained at all. From here must come the change which will 
give the initiation its proper place in fraternity life. It should' 
be to to the candidate a great moral lesson. It should so impress 
him with the dignity and worthiness of 0. T. J. that his future life 
will bear the indelible stamp of that evening and his future frater- 
nity life will be but the mirror of our ritual's precepts. If our 



$5* PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

ceremony as it now exists fails in this, it is at fault. Better no 
ceremony than one which leaves no lesson behind it. 

For our present form of initiation, the possibilities of all that I 
have intimated may be claimed. The ritual is all that could be 
desired. The success or failure depends upon those who confer 
the degree. We look then for results in our own exertions. 

As it is, our ceremony of initiation will not compare with 
those of wealthy orders open to the world, whose member- 
ship numbers thousands and whose subordinate lodges boast 
their hundreds of enrolled members, and thousands in accumulated 
wealth. By this is meant in point of showy floor work and fine 
paraphernalia. In sublimity of thought, beauty of expression, 
and elevation of sentiment, it is said to be rivaled by none, cer- 
tainly surpassed by none of those with which the writer is ac- 
quainted. 

Granting then that the ceremony, as it now exists, fulfills its 
mission in so far as the lesson it teaches is concerned, eur atten- 
tion must be turned to rendering it more impressive by means of 
added floor work and paraphernalia. In this respect the ritual as 
it now exists is susceptible of improvement and addition, not alone 
for the sake of the impression to be conveyed to the mind of the 
candidate, but for the reflex subjective influence upon the mem- 
bers. 

Forms grow old with us. New paraphernalia renders the initia- 
tion new to old members. Each time a new team of workers per- 
forms the ceremony it creates a new interest. Our experience 
teaches us that a little fun thrown in now and then makes a good 
background for displaying the sublime to advantage ; hence new 
fun for new and added background. Our larger chapters are com- 
ing to recognize this more than the smaller, from the fact that ini- 
tiations are more frequent and form a more prominent part in fra- 
ternity life. 

' In this article specific changes cannot well be discussed. 
One means, at least, may be indicated by which all our chapters 
may render the work more impressive. . It is to be accomplished 
by the officers committing their ritual. No ceremony, I care not 
how beautiful the language, how perfectly rendered by the one 
filling the chair, is half so impressive when read as when spoken. 



THE RITUAL AND INITIATION. 259 

The very presence of a ritual disillusions the novitiate. Those 
beautiful obligations if read from the ritual fall flat, and if poorly 
read they create about as much warmth in the candidate as cold 
water poured down his back. 

Let it be read ever so well, the presence of the ritual gives 
to the ceremony the appearance of a machine, grinding out 
in order fraternity members. 

There exist to-day secret orders, whose origin antedates our his- 
tory, that have no written or printed ritual. The ritual is all 
spoken, and handed down like the Sagas of old by each officer to 
his successor. Such ceremonies must be impressive. In other or- 
ders where such customs do not obtain, laws exist requiring 
officers to commit their assigned parts to memory. Such a law 
would undoubtedly be beneficial to us ; but should not be neces- 
sary. Should not that be an unwritten law born of recognized 
duty to the fraternity and written in the hearts of those who have 
recently been elected to fill the offices for the coming year ? There 
is a certain freedom and spontaneous action and feeling about a 
ceremony so rendered, that fine paraphernalia and floor work can 
never give. 

The initiation then rests within us, not outside. We must look 
to ourselves to place and hold it in its proper place. This, as much 
as any other factor of the brotherhood, must have behind it heart- 
felt support. Other things have their place, but more than all 
does a forcible ceremony depend upon those who render it. 

U. H. Smith, Zeta. 



COLLEGE FRATERNITIES AT THE WORLD'S COLUM- 
BIAN EXPOSITION. 



SPECIAL FRATERNITY EXHIBITS, AND PLAN FOR A 
PAN-HELLENIC CONGRESS. 



Charles M. Kurtz, Alpha, '76, 

ASSISTANT-CHIEF, DEPARTMENT OF FINE ARTS, WORLD'S COLUMBIAN 

EXPOSITION. 



As no doubt the members of the fraternity are aware, there are 
two projects for bringing the American college fraternity system to 
the notice of visitors to the World's Columbian Exposition next 
year. One of these is through a fraternity exhibit in the educa- 
tional section of the Department of Liberal Arts, and the other is 
through a Pan-Hellenic Congress, to be held under the auspices of 
the World's Congress Auxiliary. 

Since the publication of the last issue of The Quarterly, there 
have been several meetings of the accredited delegates of the college 
fraternities having representatives in Chicago, and in the month of 
July, at a meeting at which twenty-three Greek letter societies were 
represented, a permanent organization was effected, as "The 
College Fraternities Exhibit Committee." This committee then 
selected from its membership an Executive Committee, composed 
of five persons, and of this committee your correspondent is a 
member. 

The Executive Committee, upon its organization, at once took 
measures to secure, if possible, the co-operation of every fraternity 
not represented in the Exhibit Committee, and to this end con- 
siderable correspondence has been held with the members of various 
fraternities, some of which have entered into the exhibit scheme, 
while others await the action of their governing boards. Many of 
the strong fraternities, however, already are represented, and several 
of the women's Greek letter societies have joined the movement. 

At the regular monthly meeting held in August, the Fraternities' 
Exhibit Committee formally petitioned Dr. Peabody, Chief of the 



FRATERNITIES AT THE COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION. 261 

Department of Liberal Arts, for space in the educational section 
of his department. Dr. Peabody, upon invitation, visited the 
meeting, expressed his interest in the proposed exhibit, and 
promised that space should be assigned. It is now probable that 
the fraternities will be given a space 19x46 feet in area, in which 
there will be set aside a section for a general fraternity exhibit — 
where there will be a general register for college fraternity men, 
which will be of great interest to visitors and residents in Chi- 
cago — and the remaining space will be distributed impartially 
among the fraternities represented on the Exhibit Committee. This 
distribution will be made at one of the regular meetings of the 
Exhibit Committee. 

In the general fraternity exhibit, it is proposed to show the great 
extent of the college fraternity system in this country, and to ex- 
hibit a general list of the most prominent members of the various 
societies. A large map will show the distribution of fraternities in 
the various institutions of learning throughout the country, and on 
one chart will be given a list of all the colleges containing chapters 
of Greek letter fraternities, with the names and chapter designa- 
tions of the fraternities represented, while another chart will give 
a list of the fraternities, with a list of the colleges in which each 
has chapters. 

In the space assigned to the fraternities, it is proposed to have 
a section for the general fraternities, a section for women's 
Greek-letter societies, a section for the societies of the professional 
schools — as of law, medicine, engineering, etc., and a section for 
the purely local Greek-letter societies. 

Each fraternity will exhibit, of course, what it thinks best. The 
general scheme will be, I think, to show statistics of the history 
and growth of the order ; to exhibit a chart giving a list of its ac- 
tive chapters, with a map showing their distribution throughout the 
country ; to show the various fraternity publications — cata- 
logues, magazines, journals, song books, music, etc.; to exhibit a 
roster of the especially distinguished members, and portraits of the 
founders and other noted brethren ; photographs of the fraternity 
buildings, chapter halls, etc. In cases, there might be shown sam- 
ples of fraternity badges — and perhaps the badges of fraternities 
that have been absorbed. Above each exhibit it is suggested that 



262 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

each fraternity shall have a fac-simile of its badge in proper colors 
and gilding, according to a general prescribed size ; and with this 
may be shown the flags or colors of the fraternity. Other exhibits 
of interest to the fraternity's members may be made, and I would 
suggest that these particular exhibits and the special visitors' reg- 
ister, as well as the special decorations, etc., should, at the close 
of the Exposition, become the property of the Grand Chapter. 
Among these special exhibits, might be copies of noteworthy pub- 
lications by members of the fraternities, and such other objects as 
might be approved by the fraternity's own Exhibit Committee. 

In this direction, I ask that every active chapter and every mem- 
ber of the alumni of Phi Gamma Delta will offer any suggestions 
that may commend themselves as of advantage to our exhibits, and 
also that information be sent concerning interesting historical ex- 
hibits, photographs, etc., that might be obtained. In a short time, 
a special committee for the Phi Gamma Delta exhibit will be 
formed here, but in the meanwhile all such information may be 
addressed to the writer. 

^^* ^^* ^^* ^9* ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ 

Concerning the World's Congress Auxiliary, we append the gen- 
eral circular which was furnished by Bro. Kurtz, of the committee : 

To demonstrate the importance of the American College Frater- 
nity system as a potent factor of higher education and of post- 
graduate life ; to promote the beneficial influences of the Greek- 
letter. societies, honored by the most cultured men and women of 
to-day ; to encourage harmonious relations in a common 
cause for the just recognition of their aims and methods, and to 
consider their general welfare, it is proposed to hold a great Pan- 
Hellenic congress in July next, under the auspices of the World's 
Congress Auxiliary of the Columbian Exposition at Chicago. 

Certainly no more effective means could have been devised for a 
general fraternity meeting than the World's Congress Auxiliary, an 
organization maintained by the Exposition and approved by the 
Government of the United States for the purpose of presenting, in 
a series of congresses, the leaders of the moral and intellectual 
progress of the world. The organization consists of a central au- 
thority, composed of Charles C. Bonney, President; Thomas B. 
Bryan, Vice President , Lyman J. Gage, Treasurer, and Benjamin 



FRATERNITIES AT THE COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION. 263 

Butterworth, Secretary. There is a local committee charged with 
arranging for each congress, to which is attached a non-resident 
but active branch called an Advisory Council. General, hono- 
rary and corresponding members are also appointed and Commit- 
tees of Co-operation chosen by existing organizations are recog- 
nized by the Auxiliary as parts of its working force. 

The congresses are classified under tgeneral departments, divis- 
ions of such departments, and chapters of such divisions. Depart- 
ments of Agriculture, Art, Commerce and Finance, Education, 
Engineering, Government, Labor, Literature, Medicine, Moral and 
Social Reform, Music, the Press, Religion, Science and Philoso- 
phy, Temperance and Woman's Progress have already been estab- 
lished, each including numerous divisions and chapters. The 
assertion is therefore fully warranted that the congresses of. 1893 
will surpass in importance and wide-spread interest any assemblies 
of a similar nature ever held. 

The Department of Education, of which the Right Reverend 
Samuel Fallows is general chairman, at present includes thirteen 
general divisions in addition to that of College Fraternities. As 
instancing the thoroughness of organization, the local committee 
of the division of Higher Eduucation consists of President Harper, 
University of Chicago ; President Rogers, Northwestern Univer- 
sity ; President Roberts, Lake Forest University, and President 
Fisk, Chicago Theological Seminary. Among the Advisory Coun- 
cil of this committee are Presidents Eliot, Gilman, Walker, Patton, 
Angell, Adams, Andrews, Gates, Low, Warren and Eaton ; ex- 
Presidents McCosh and White, and Professors Boyesen, James and 
Ely. 

Arrangements arc already perfected for holding no less than 
140 congresses under that number of divisions of the great depart- 
ments. This series may be regarded as constituting a world's sum- 
mer university — incomparably the grandest ever attempted. The 
sessions will be held in the Memorial Art Palace now being 
erected in the heart of the city of Chicago. This building is de- 
signed to contain eventually a permanent museum of the fine arts, 
but its completion is undertaken before May next in order that it 
may be used exclusively for the purposes of the Auxiliary during the 
entire Exposition season. Besides its two audience rooms, each 



264 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

with a seating capacity of 3,000 persons, it contains 30 smaller 
rooms accommodating from 300 to 700 persons each. These rooms 
will be used for the divisions, chapters, sections and committees of 
the congresses. To perpetuate the proceedings of the congresses, 
as the most valuable and enduring memorial of the World's Co- 
lumbian Exposition, provision will be made for the official publi- 
cation of the record by the .Auxiliary. 

The plan suggested is for representatives of the college fraternities 
to meet at Chicago in July, 1893, during the educational and allied 
congresses, and to devote one or two da.ys to a great union congress 
under the auxiliary. Probably 10 per cent, of the membership of 
all the fraternities will naturally be in Chicago at that time, and this 
percentage alone would insure an assemblage of over 10,000 fraternity 
men. Among the subjects which might properly be considered, 
the following have been suggested: " The Origin of Fraterni- 
ties," "The Development of the System/' " The Ideal Frater- 
nity — Its Government and the Relations of its Alumni," "The 
Right of the Fraternities to Exist," "The Limits of Fraternal 
Rivalry," " The Secrecy of the Fraternities," "Their Moral and 
Political Relations and Their Relations with the College Facul- 
ties," "What Inter-fraternity Laws are Advisable and Practicable 
for Common Advancement and Protection?" " Honorary Mem- 
bership and Preparatory Students," " The Legal Status of the 
Fraternities," " Fraternity Journalism." These questions and 
others may be discussed by the officers and leaders of the fraterni- 
ties, their best known lawyers, statesmen, college officials and 
others of prominence selected from the organizations partici- 
pating. 

The local general committee for this congress, chosen irrespec- 
tive of fraternity affiliations and appointed by the officers of the 
auxiliary solely with the view of arranging for the congress and 
securing its success, confidently seeks the hearty co-operation of 
all college fraternity men in order that the advisory council may 
be thoroughly representative. It is hoped to include in this 
council the officers and prominent members of all the fraterni- 
ties, and as soon as that object is attained, to proceed with the 
preparation of a program and the selection of the leading speakers. 
As it is desirable to make a further and wore definite announce- 



CHARLES M. KURTZ. 265 

ment concerning the congress and its council before the end of 
this year, individuals as well as organizations are cordially invited 
to offer, at their earliest convenience, suggestions to the commit- 
tee. Communications may be addressed to the general chairman. 

Committee of the world's congress auxiliary on a college fra- 
ternities' congress: Richard Lee Fearn, general chairman; Charles 
Ailing, Jr., vice-chairman; Charles M. Kurtz, Edward M. Win- 
ston. And three yet to be appointed. 

Woman's committee on a college fraternities' congress: Gertrude 
E. Small, chairman ; Ethel Baker, vice-chairman ; Minnie Howe 
Newby. 



CHARLES M. KURTZ, 

ASSISTANT CHIEF OF THE DEPARTMENT OF FINE ARTS OF THE WORLD'S 

COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION. 



Charles M. Kurtz was born in New Castle, Pa., in 1855. ** e ls 
the son of D. B. Kurtz, a lawyer of considerable prominence in 
Western Pennsylvania. He graduated from Washington and Jef- 
ferson College in 1876, and thence went to New York to study art. 
The winters of i876-'7-'8 he spent in the schools of the National 
Academy of Design and in the studios of L. E.Wilmarth, N. A., and 
William Morgan, A. N. A. He was an exhibitor in National Academy 
exhibition in 1876. In 1879 Mr. Kurtz turned from art to journal- 
ism. He was associate editor of the New Castle Courant for a 
time, and later city editor of the Lawrence Guardian, published at 
New Castle, Pa. In 1880 he returned to New York and became 
connected with The Tribune, with which he maintained relations 
for three years as reporter, political writer, contributor of art 
notes, etc. 

The first issue of National Academy Notes — an illustrated hand- 
book of the annual exhibitions of the National Academy of Design — 
appeared in 1881, with Mr Kurtz as its editor. He continued the 
editorship of this publication for nine years, and during this period 



266 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

established personal relations with nearly all American artists. 
Perhaps no other man in the country has a widergeneral acquain- 
tance among American artists and amateurs than has Mr. Kurtz. 
After the issue of Academy Notes in 1881, Mr. Kurtz went to Eu- 
rope, where he remained during the summer and a portion of the 
following winter, visiting the principal public and private art col- 
lections of France, England, Belgium, Holland, Germany and 
Italy, and extending his acquaintance among our artists abroad. 

The American Art Union — a society of American artists includ- 
ing most of the leading painters and sculptors of this country — 
was established in 1883, f° r ^ e purpose of holding art exhibitions 
in the different cities of the country, of maintaining a permanent 
public gallery of American paintings in New York, publishing an 
art magazine, etc., and Mr. Kurtz was chosen as general manager 
of the out-of-town exhibitions. In the interest of the Art Union 
he held public exhibitions in Buffalo, N. Y., and in Louisville, 
Ky. While in Louisville, he was offered the directorship of the 
art department of the Southern Exposition. With the consent of 
the Art Union, he accepted this position. Subsequently, he had 
charge of the Art Department of the Louisville expositions of 
\%%4-$—(>. During his sojourn in Kentucky he had much to do 
with the establishment of the public art gallery of the Kentucky 
Polytechnic Society of Louisville. In 1884, besides editing Acade- 
my Notes, preparing several handbooks for the Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Art and managing the Louisville Exposition's Art Depart- 
ment, Mr. Kurtz edited The Art Union, a monthly magazine. 

Charles Sedelmeyer, of Paris, brought to America, in the fall of 
1886, M. de Munkacsy's painting "Christ Before Pilate," and 
Mr. Kurtz was engaged to manage the exhibition — which is said to 
have been the most successful enterprise of the kind ever carried 
on in this country. When the painting was sold to John Wana- 
maker, of Philadelphia, (now Postmaster General of the United 
States) Mr. Kurtz was retained in the management, and exhibited 
the picture in Boston, St. Louis, Kansas City, Topeka, Minneapo- 
lis, St. Paul, Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Indianapolis, Louisville and 
other cities. 

While in Indianapolis, in the fall of 1888, Mr. Kurtz wrote sev- 
eral newspaper letters on the political outlook, and was then em- 



CHARLES M. KURTZ. 267 

ployed by thejRepublican National Advisory Committee to pre- 
pare a daily political letter to be sent to party journals throughout 
the country. This engaged his attention during the greater por- 
tion of the campaign. At its close, he visited Memphis, Atlanta, 
New Orleans and other cities, and then went to New York to pre- 
pare Academy Notes for 1889. Upon the conclusion of this work 
he was offered and accepted the art editorship of the New York 
Star. After some weeks the literary editorship also was placed in 
his hands, and later the editorship of the Sunday Star. Mr. Kurtz 
filled these three positions until the sale of the Star, a little more 
than a year ago, when he accepted the art editorship of the new 
New York daily, the Recorder. This he relinquished upon his 
appointment as Assistant Director of the Art Department of the 
Columbian Exposition. 

Before assuming the duties of his new position, Mr. Kurtz took 
a vacation in Europe. His work for the Exposition really began 
there, upon the arrival of Prof. Ives, Chief of the Art Department, 
in Paris. With Prof. Ives he visited various Government officials 
and leading artists in France, Holland and Belgium, to confer re- 
garding the prospective art exhibits of these countries. 

Mr. Kurtz is the special delegate of Phi Gamma Delta in Chicago 
to represent the interests of the fraternity in the Department of 
College Fraternity Exhibits. He is a member of the Executive 
Committee of the College Fraternity Exhibits Committee, is a 
member of the World's Congress Auxiliary on Fine Arts, and of 
the committee on the scheme of holding a Pan-Hellenic con- 
gress. 



SOME SUGGESTIONS TO NEW INITIATES. 



It is a fact which we as fraternity men regard as beyond cavil 
that a man by affiliating himself with a fraternity is 
benefited in many respects; is broadened, rendered more sympa- 
thetic and less of an egoist than he otherwise would have been. 
But it is equally axiomatic that by the law of compensation, the 
new initiate is under certain obligations to the fraternity, and it is 
the purpose of this article to outline briefly to the present noviti- 
ates what these duties are, and to consider how they may be best 
fulfilled. 

The fraternity man stands in a two-fold relation to the college 
life about him. First, that which he bears toward the barbarian 
ranks which he has just quitted, and second, toward his fellow 
Greeks. The first of these is often overlooked, but in reality is 
very important. Every barbarian is, to a greater or less degree, 
hostile towards the fraternities. He views each successive initia- 
tion with alarm, as being another desertion to the ranks of the 
enemy ; and ever keen to find arguments against the fraternity 
system, he observes with scrupulous care the conduct of the 
newly-initiated man, that he may see how fraternity life influences 
his former companion. 

With these sharp eyes upon him, in the very place where watch- 
fulness is most required, the fraternity man is apt to be heedless, 
and rush into the very errors he should avoid. In the fulness of 
his joy over his newly-found friends, in the proud sense of having 
all these companions welcome him as a brother, he is prone to 
think lightly of his former associates. Then, too, it is an unde- 
niable fact that fraternity men look upon the uninitiated with a 
mingled feeling of contempt and pity. So the new brother quickly 
becomes imbued with this spirit and thinks he can best show his 
loyalty to his new friends by disregarding his old ones. This he 
does, and his watchful enemies, ever ready to magnify an affront 
coming from a fraternity man, say that he has become unsocial ; 
that when a man joins a fraternity he is obliged to associate with 
his fellow Greeks alone, and they conceive various erroneous ideas, 



SOME SUGGESTIONS TO NEW INITIATES. 269 

all derogatory to the fraternity institution, and their hate towards 
it becomes more and more deep-rooted. 

In yet another way does the noviate often expose himself to out- 
side criticism, and that is in the matter of college work. 

Despite the prevailing impression to the contrary, most students 
come to college for work, and a man's standing in class-room is 
justly regarded as an important factor in determining his eligibility 
for fraternity. Consequently, when a man who has previously stood 
well in class, upon joining a fraternity, takes a lower place, the op- 
ponents of the fraternities sieze upon the fact with ghoulish glee, 
and proclaim to all the faithful that the Greek societies are detri- 
mental to intellectual culture; they fay that it pulls down a man's 
class standing, and by these and other arguments they prejudice 
the minds of new students and make the task of " rushing" doubly 
hard- 

There are several reasons why a newly initiated man is tempted 
to permit things to slide along easily for awhile after he has joined 
a fraternity. 

On the other hand, he has found a new circle of friends, and 
naturally wishes to spend some time in there company. 

Then a fraternity man will, of necessity have various demands 
upon him of a social or other nature which as a barbarian he was 
exempt from. 

Last of all his head is slightly turned by his change in circum- 
stances, and he is apt to think that as such an event happens but 
once, it will do no harm to go slow for awhile and enjoy his new 
privileges to the utmost. 

But let him beware. Only those who have gone through the ex- 
perience can realize how hard — nay, almost impossible, it is, hav- 
ing once relaxed the mental tension and neglected class-work for 
a time, to ever regain the former standing. 

Although the reasons given may seem cogent enough in our 
mental soliloquies when cited to excuse ourselves for neglecting 
the daily round of duties, yet if we clearly examine them, their 
fallacy is evident ; if any time be unavoidably lost, it is more than 
made up for by the aid received from willing brothers, so that 
every Greek will bear ine out in the assertion that fraternity life is 
not in the least detrimental to good scholarship. Let me then 



270 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

urge upon you the importance of maintaining a proper attitude 
toward the man who is still out in the cold, and of keeping up 
your record in the recitation room. These points may seem 
trivial, but they are of great importance. There is yet another 
consideration regarding your relations to the outside world. One 
of the first things you observe after initiation is that you are no 
longer a unit, but that your individuality is now, to some degree, 
merged in that of your fellows. You no longer work for yourself 
alone ; your triumphs are shared by your ossociates, and no longer 
do you work with selfish aims, but learn to consult the interests of 
others and strive for their advancement. By joining a fraternity 
you are given a standing socially and a prestige among your asso- 
ciates. But remember, too, that now your frailties are not looked 
upon tnose of an individual alone, but as the errors of a member 
of Phi Gamma Delta. If the society which you join throws a 
luster about you on account of its high standing in the college, 
you are in honor bound to keep up that reputation and guard well 
your life, lest through you any spot should dim its fair fame. 

And now in discussing the second part of my theme — your 
duties toward the chapter itself — I shall be brief, for good advice 
on this subject is plentiful enough. When you sit within the 
cnarmed circle on initiation night, with your pulse still beating 
time to the lively fraternity songs, and hear the words of our beau- 
tiful ritual, your heart swells within you ; you long for the time 
when you can lay down your life to save a brcther's, and think of 
the spacious chapter house you will erect for the fraternity. 

But the glamour of the first impression soon wears off ; you 
recognize that these, your brothers, are, after all, only men like 
yourself, and have their faults just as men outside of fraternity. 
Then comes the true test of your loyalty. Only to one in a thous- 
and does the opportunity present itself to perform some heroic 
deed of self-sacrifice for a brother's sake ; few, indeed, are able to 
leave a memorial behind them in the shape of a chapter house, but 
to every man who joins fraternity there eome countless minor 
trials and annoyances, and in the overcoming of these is shown the 
truest courage. 

Almost daily little things will arise ; trifling occurrences will 
mar the happiness of the brothers, and to smooth out these 



PHI GAMMA DELTA IN LITERATURE. 271 

anxieties, to be patient with a slow comrade, or lenient towards an 
erring one ; these are the things which make fraternity life what 
it is. 

Bickerings will arise among the members of a fraternity; rivalry 
often grows into jealousy and dislike. These things are abserved 
by outsiders; rival fraternity men are quick to notice thcmr. Such 
stories loose nothing by repetition, and soon the chapter has gained 
a reputation for internal discord which miliuates strongly against 
it in securing new men. 

So it is the petty moralities of life that we must watch the more 
closely; the duties to be most sacredly performed are what Words- 
worth calls: 

"That best portion of a good man's life, 
His little, namekcs remembered acts 
Of kindness and of love." 

B. A. Heydrick, //. 



PHI GAMMA DELTA IN LITERATURE. 



"History of the United States, Columbian Edition," by 
John Clark Kidpath {Lambda y 6j ), Published by the United States 
Publishing Company, New York. 

A history of the American people and for the people is the latest 
product of Professor Ridpath's facile and never idle pen. The 
work professes to be a history for the million, tor the home and 
the fireside, rather than a cumbrous technical treatise for the 
student, and the mere announcement of its coming is sufficient to 
insure for it a warm reception from the people among whom the au- 
thor's name has become a household word. 

Handsomely printed in cloth and containing upwards of 800 
pages, profusely illustrated, the entire history of our country from 
its discovery down to its quadricentennial celebration is included 
within its two covers. 

In the colonial and formative period of the country's growth, 
is the treatise preeminently full and of interest, the author's clear 



272 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

and attractive style rendering even those arid portions usually 
skipped by the readers pleasurable reading. 

Full credence is given to the disputed claim* of the Norse dis- 
covery five hundred years before Columbus, which Scandanavian 
scholars and especially the recent investigations of Prof. Horseford, 
seem to verify. Likewise is the Pocahontas — John Smith story 
which recent investigators aim to discredit, accepted without 
comment. 

In tracing the ante-bellum period of fierce rancour and bitter 
party strife the author does not desert his post as historian to be- 
come an advocate or close his eyes to become a partisan. In the 
record of the recent unpleasantness the same conciliatory spirit 
manifests itself. One could almost wish the author had allowed 

himself greater latitude and granted the philosopher a place be- 
side the historian. 

It is, however, too soon to write the history of the war. An- 
other generation must pass away and with it the rancour and par- 
tisan spirit which must vitiate the historical perspective of any one 
attempting the task at the present time. 

The literary and industrial growth and progress of the country; 
the marvelous material and social advancement, all receive atten- 
tion from Professor Ridpath's patriotic and appreciative pen. 
Portraits of eminent statesmen embellish the pages, while the ap- 
pendices and charts present in graphic form various phases of the 
country's growth, and celebrated documents such as Washing- 
ton's Farewell Address and the Proclamation of Emancipation are 
appended to the body of the book. 

The work is peculiarly fortunate in its time of publication, and 
. being designed for a subscription book will doubtless meet that 
same ready and cordial welcome that the American public has be- 
stowed upon the author's previous productions. 

* * * 

"Acadia and the Acadians," by D. Luther Roth, (Xi Chapter), 
Published by L. C Childs & Son, Utica, N. Y. Third Edition. 

The touching romance of Loagfellow has cast a halo of interest 
and sentiment about the rock bound coast of Nova Scotia, and 
Dr. Roth has chosen this as a field for historical investigation and 
work, A variety of subjects are treated within its pages, local tra- 



PHI GAMMA DELTA WAR RETROSPECTS. 273 

ditional history forming the basis of several dialect stories, while 
much interesting information has been collected and collated con- 
cerning the aborigines, their religion, habits of life, etc. The 
founding, growth and internal troubles of the Lutheran church in 
the region is of little interest to others than members of that 
church, but to these the record of the trials of the early pioneers, 
graphically narrated as it is, must be of interest. 



PHI GAMMA DELTA WAR RETROSPECTS. 



VI. 

* 

Hon. James Harvey McLeary, Z. J., '68, entered the Confeder- 
erate service as a private in the 5th Texas Cavaly in '6i, and served 
four years as such; was in thirteen battles and twenty-six skirmishes 
and wounded four times. 

Luther Rice Bell, 0. '6i , at college was known as a most gentle, 
amiable and kindly man, sensitive and delicate to a fault, retiring 
and modest; to the surprise of all, however, he enlisted in the Con- 
federate service in the 7th North Carolina Regiment, and he proved 
himself to be a most daring, hearty and courageous soldier, meet- 
ing his death at the battle of Malvern Hill by a bullet through the 
head. 

Rev. Robert O. B. Morrow, //. J., '73, enlisted in the 5th 
Alabama Cavalry troop, C. S. A., the 1st day of July, 1864, 
served until May 29, 1865, and took part in about fifteen engage- 
ments. 

Rev. Joseph M. Sloan, served in the C. S. A. as a non-com- 
missioned officer in Company B, of the 14th Tennessee Volunteer 
Cavalry from 1863 to May, 1865. Surrendering at Gainesville, 
Ala., May n, 1865. Serving with General Forest's Division in 
Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. 

Sumter Sea, '57, sums up his war record as follows: "I was 
the Adjutant of the 28th Alabama Regiment, C. S. A., and also a 



274 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

captain of a company. Murfreesboro was the most important en- 
gagement, but was in many others and was never wounded.' ' 

Dr. T. C. Cook, 0, 57, says he was Surgeon of the 1st Regiment 
Heavy Artillery, C. S. A., stationed at Galveston, Texas, during 
1862 and 1863. Took part in the battle of Galveston. 

J. Harvey White, 3., 61, was Adjutant of the 165th Pennsylva- 
nia Volunteers, U. S. A., in '62 and '63. Took part in battles of 
Black Water, Hammond Court House, South Anna River and 
Siege of Suffolk, and was wounded with hard tack in the stomach. 

Rev. Jacob D. Shindel, S., '64, served in the 26th Regiment, 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, in the summer of 1863, during invasion 
of Pennsylvania by General Lee. Time of service, "during emer- 
gency." Served as special clerk at the headquarters of General D. 
N. Couch,' commanding Department of the Susquehanna. 

A. D. Albert, 3. y '69, served as private in Company D, 45th 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, U. S. A., from March 29, '62, to De- 
cember 9, '64. Took part in the battles of Fredericksburg, Va. f 
Vicksburg, Miss., Jackson, Miss., where he was wounded in the 
right foot, and in the battle of Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864, when 
he received a gun shot wound in the left elbow. 



TMLE-TALKER. 



(0 TfiaTTsZvftrJTtop), 

[Exchanges will please send one copy to Frank Keck, P. O. Box 1 12, New 
York; one to E. L. Mattem, Huntingdon, Pa., and two to the Editor, 935 Mc- 
Culloch street, Baltimore, Md. An equal number will be sent by the Quarterly 
to any address given.] 

The Table-Talker confesses at the outset that at this season of 
the year, some trepidation is experienced in acting as intellectual 
purveyor to the fraternal board. To us all, summer is relaxing, 
hewing down lofty ambitions and scattering high purposes. 
Table-Talker has not escaped the general debilitude, and we very 
lazily approach the task before us as chief butler and proceed to 
set a meal before you with some uncertainty of the result. Like 
the ordinary summer repast it will be of cold viands mainly, for 
the tidbits that make up the courses were received as long ago as 
June. Nevertheless some things our neighbors have sent us may 
prove fresh and palatable. 

The proper treatment of our rivals is ever a seasonable topic, 
and we would that we could present a symposium of thought and 
opinions from our contemporaries. At this time of the year when 
there is a rush pell-mell after new men and frequent collisions oc- 
cur between the various societies in the mad scramble after some 
desirable new comer, feeling is apt to run high and as a result fra- 
ternities are likely to be libellous in their language concerning 
each other, and many untrue as well as unwise words are spoken. 
Zeal for one's fraternity is to be encouraged, and we would desire 
all Phi Gamma Deltas in their own hearts to feel honestly that 
theirs is the best of all the many societies traveling under a Greek 
name. We would also want the members of other fraternities to 
feel similarly toward their choice, for feeling thus generates and 
constitutes the enthusiasm and life of a chapter and an order. 
Such a love ought not only to check lack of appreciation of one's 
rivals, but in fact should enhance each member's estimate of sister 
societies. When a man truly believes his own fraternity to be the 
best, he rightfully esteems it a waste of time to discuss any com- 



276 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

parison of another with his own. His society is above all comers, 
therefore, it is highly absurd to attempt to lower another, hoping 
thus to build his own loftier pedestal. A fraternity always speaks 
for itself regardless of the mouthings of its representatives. And 
this leads us to insert what Anchora, chic and sprightly, has to say 
on the subject. Although her remarks appear counter to ours, we 
accept her conclusion, urging, however, the fact that her premises 
do not justify the case-hardened language she uses: 

In the University of Minnesota are represented more or less creditably twenty 
fraternities, and it sometimes amuses the editor to look over the Minnesota let- 
ters in the exchanges that come to her table. After so doing it is often a tempta- 
tion to cut out the letters and have them reprinted in the exchange department of 
Anchor a, with no editorial comments whatever. None would be needed. The 
moral would be evident. No reflection is cast upon the veracity of the writers, 
but it is a little peculiar that every one of the twenty fraternities should enthu- 
siastically maintain that her members alone represent the college elite > intellec- 
tually, morally, socially. Undoubtedly every one of the loyal correspondents be" 
lieves that he has stated nothing but the unembellished truth, but how can such 
things be? There is evidently a discrepancy somewhere, and our inclination is to 
believe that the fraternities, and not the individuals, are at fault. We all boast 
that the object of our societies is to promote the highest and completest develop- 
ment, but the methods are evidently wrong that tend to a phenomenal develop- 
ment of imagination at the expense of a normal development of memory; that cul- 
tivate self esteem at the expense of discriminating judgment. We do not advo- 
cate cultivating a spirit of self-abasement, but we deprecate the fraternity spirit of 
boastfulness. 

Anchora has dropped her usual girlish romanticism and become 
entirely too realistic. By so doing she loses sight of one phase of 
the matter. There is a little of the good old Calvinistic doctrine 
of predestination that applies well to fraternities. Generally 
speaking there is quite a homogeneity among the members of a 
fraternity which is not accidental but foreordained. More than 
human agency is involved in determining among what class or into 
what society a young man shall go. This gives each fraternity its 
individuality and distinguishes it from all others. It follows the 
law of selection, formulated and adopted by its founders, and there 
is no considerable deviation in the general characteristics of its 
whole body of members. Each man usually finds men of like 
feelings and sympathies with himself in his own fraternity, and as 
a whole, in his eyes, no other company could fulfill his social or 
intellectual wants. Therefore, and properly, it is to him the best 



TABLE-TALKER. 277 

fraternity, and we can observe no tangible reason why all of us 
without any discrepancy in thought or any violence to our veracity 
cannot judge our own order to be the best, for us at least, if not 
for you. We do not approve vain-glorying and mere ranting brag- 
gartism, for in a fraternity journal remarks of such a style are un- 
deniably out of place. The magazine is, first, for those in al- 
legiance to the order it represents, and to these such pharasaic ut- 
terances are veritable balderdash, if not to say distasteful, for 
everyone should go on the assumption that as a matter of course, 
his fraternity ranks high at the institutions where it supports 
chapters. The true Greek will ever show respect and considera- 
tion for his rivals, and without in the slightest lowering his own 
fraternity's Lares and Penates from their pre-eminent position in his 
mind. Anchor a must remember that however disgusting such 
practices are, they are, notwithstanding, but harmless efferves- 
cences of brains prematurely charged. 

* * * 

The Delta Upsilon Quarterly appears in its customary neat and 
prim .condition. The number is profusely illustrated, and no 
doubt will prove valuable and interesting to those within the fold, 

but to those ex cathedra it is not unduly fascinating. 

* * * 

The Syracuse chapter is the subject a of frontispiece engraving for 
theJune»Srr^//ofPhi Delta Theta. The Northern extension of South- 
ern fraternities furnishes enthusiasm enough to beguile the editor 
into an eight page article, in which the subject is handled in an 
able and succinct manner. Alumni dinners, Mr. Palmer's com- 
plitions of "Old Fraternity Records," and obituaries compose 
nearly one-half of the issue, while the remainder is devoted to 
chapter letters, personals etc. Among a number of quasi-nuggets 
unearthed from an address, "The College Man and his Rival," 
delivered by A. A. Stearns before the Epsilon Province Convention 
at Akron, O., is found this: ^ 

Indeed, we are forced to admit that the college man is at a great disadvantage 
in the contest of money getting, and this very unequal rivalry has embittered the 
ambition of many a student who discovers that his lack of the practical talent of 
money getting has left him far behind in a race in which he hoped to win. I 
have sometimes thought the necessity of making a financial success of life is not 
sufficiently recognized in our system of education, and that the lack of something 



278 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

in that direction places the college man at a great disadvantage with the man 
who has been thus equipped. 

With all due deference to Mr. Stearns, Table-Talker feels 
obliged to pronounce such effusions the most arrant sophistry. To 
be sure, our personal experience is very limited, yet if a fair com- 
parison be made we will venture to say that Mr. Steam's obiter 
dicta will be overthrown. The college graduates in earning ca- 
pacity will at least equal, if not surpass, any other body of men of 
the same number. The alumnus is a skilled workman from the 
start, and his eminent adaptability secures for him recognition, 
where minus his collegiate training, he would be useless and in the 
way. Besides, we do not want our colleges to assume too much of 
the so-called practical spirit, for when our schools begin to educate, 
men simply to earn money they will have lost the sweet classicism 
and idealistic atnosphere that have made them producers of scholars 
and men of immortal fame. The longing for culture — culture of 
the mind and heart — brought them forth, and may their inspiration 
ever be the same, for it is always superior to the cold-blooded 
things of the world and provocative of the most lasting and uni- 
versal good. Let the practical, money-making men come from 
some other class than collegians; the men who have accomplished 
the most for their fellow-men, the men who stand out in relief in 
our histories for their nobility of character, purity of heart and 
grandeur of intellect, were not soulless scramblers after the cur- 
rent coin of the realm. And which is the more praiseworthy, or 
worthy of example for fraternity men? 

* * * 

The Delta Kappa Epsilon Quarterly has, after some year's strug- 
gle, learned the art of punctuality. Not many aeons ago it was 
unenviably derelict, and its appearances were as fitful and unex- 
pected as the thunderbolts of Olympian Jove. We will give all 
credit of the reformation to the new regime, whose work so far has 
been of a high standard. A portrait of Whitelaw Reid, Repub- 
lican candidate for Vice-President, followed by a racy sketch of 
his life, graces the frontispiece of the July number. The essay by 
Julian Hawthorne on "Sincerityin Imagination," seems somewhat 
awkward-looking and embarrassed between the covers of a fra- 
ternity magazine. The wisdom of publishing such articles is de- 



TABLE-TALKER. 279 

batable, especially since the literary periodicals are constantly 
within reach of the student, and the organ of one's Greek-letter 
society has another and definite mission. We are led to believe 
that the fraternity journal ought to be exclusively devoted to fra- 
ternity subjects, for by being so it fills a vacant place in our sys- 
tem of life. We do not object to the cheerful sparkling sketch of 
Commemoration Week at Oxford, for it is entertaining to any col- 
lege man, showing as it does the ebullient spirit of the English 
student. The present issue contains an admirable editorial on 
initiation ceremonies, growing out of the fatal injury sustained by 
Mr. Rustin at Yale, during his iniation by J. K. E., by running 
while blindfolded into a wagon-pole. It is with regret that we con- 
dense it. 

The recent sad accident at Yale that resulted in the death of Mr. Rustin, shows 
us that we need to develop this truei and nobler manhood. It is a keen reflec- 
tion on a phase of fraternity life that lingers in the midst of so much that is 
praiseworthy and good. That the accident occurred during the iniation of a 
particular fraternity signifies in reality very little; that it might have occurred in 
the initiation of almost any fraternity imports a great deal. The mere fact of 
leading a man blindfolded across a city street is hardly a culpable deed. We 
venture to say that nearly every fraternity > early performs acts in its initiatory 
rites far more likely to result in bodily injury. For a member of any other fra- 
pany to criticixe Delta Kappa Epsilon for the performance of this act is equiva- 
lent to condemning his own chapter in its initiations. To sympathize with her 
in her bereavement is to be charitable; to exert an influence to annihilate these al- 
ways stupid and sometimes fatal farces is the duty of every fraternity man. The 
main burden of accomplishing this result rests upon the undergraduates. It would 
seem that the recent sad outcome of their boyish foolishness would be a lesson for 
all, and that the childish frivolity would be forever laid aside. We trust this 
may be so. Undergraduates, reflect! The sum total of all the so-called "/««" 
indulged in by all fraternities since time began, weighed in the balance with this 
death, seems of no account. 

It is time that this element be banished from our organizations, and we prove 
to the world that we are banded together for serious and manly purposes. In 
this appeal we address all fraternities, for we know Delta Kappa Epsilon is no 
more culpable than any other, and much as these fraternities may seek to conceal 
their initiatory rites, their general methods and performances are always known 
to the average college man who keeps his eyes open. 

If this reform cannot be accomplibhedby the undergraduates, then we, as gradu- 
ates, must interfere, and this will be perhaps the outcome, for we know how this 
subject is regarded by student body. Any means of persuasion to rectify this 
evil is put down to the prim and * 'goody-goody" sentiment of men who have for- 
gotten that they were boys. We have not forgotten that — bless the old days! 



280 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Neither have we ceased to remember the fraternity that we love and whose good 
fame we cherish. It is difficult to persuade any man that his means of amuse- 
ment are undignified and unworthy, and the average college student considers 
himself so thoroughly conversant with the ways of the world that we foresee along 
struggle to eradicate this fault. Hence, to the graduate body, this comes home 
as a pressing question. We have received from a charter member of our Amherst 
Chapter an earnest letter evoked by the late misfortune at Yale. In a firm, yet 
kindly manner, he protests against this evil. He also says: " The Fraternity 
owes it to itself that Initiations shall be uniform in all its chapters ', and that they 
sh&ll be simple and dignified '.". This is the keynote of a reform that time will 
bring. We trust it will come speedily. Let every active member ponder this 
question thoughtfully and well. Shall this element that properly belongs to the 
realm of the harlequin and the clown linger in the halls of ourorders? If it does 
not add to the usefulness of fraternity life, ought we to spend our time upon it ? 
And surely if it positively detracts from the good name of our fraternities we must 
not tolerate it. This is a field in which the graduate members can work a needed 
reform; but we hope to see the change spring from the active members, because 
they have a sincere conviction that these farces have no place in a system that 
should have for its underlying principles rules of action that are fair and gentle- 
manly and dignified. We have said little of the particular tragedy that calls 
forth this appeal, its own sad story is too powerful to need comment. We de- 
sire reform, not only to make impossible such grievances and pitiable calamities, 
but also to destroy a feature that retards our progress and militates against our 
avowed aim, namely, to elevate the true social life in American colleges and de- 
velop a pure and magnanimous manhood. 

Such an accident is its own sad commentary, and it were well- 
nigh needless for us to attempt to draw stronger and more denun- 
ciatory conclusions than those just given. The death of Mr. Rus- 
tin not alone affects J. K. E. y but a shadow is cast over the Greek- 
letter system as a whole. In the eyes of the pubfic all fraternities 
are the same, and an act such as this is heralded far and wide by 
opponents of secret societies with gleesorae delight, placing the 
onus of it on the system and not upon the fraternity within whose 
ranks it occurred. The Yale J. K. E*s. are primarily responsible 
for the deed, but the editor appropriately and justly remarks that 
such misfortune was likely to befall any chapter from the general 
practice of indulging in fantastic, kittenish pranks at the expense 
of the novitiate. Every society with which Table-Talker is ac- 
quainted makes use of similar riskful capers during some stage of 
its initiatory ceremony. We feel assured that Phi Gamma Delta 
will now realize the grave danger in permitting revelries of this 
kind to go unrestrained, and will with one accord banish it from 
all their initiations. 



TABLE- TALKER. 281 

The first glimpses of fraternity life are usually the most last- 
ing. It is as passing into a new life, a crossing the border into a 
larger world with a broader horizon and a wider prospect. It 
should thus be inspiring and cause new hopes and longings to 
spring up in the breast of the initiate. The circle to which he is 
admitted should be emblematic of a higher and nobler company — 
a saintly brotherhood. The beauties of the Greek-letter system, 
its irreproachable purposes, its blameless ideas, should mark the 
dawn of a holier and better life, a life imbued with unselfish love 
and patient devotion to others. It is the opening, likewise, of a 
period of personal reconstruction, a remodeling of our characters. 
A deeper sense of responsibility should possess the new member. 
He is no longer accountable simply for himself, but also for his 
fraternity, and reciprocally his fraternity fer him. Certainly all 
will acknowledge that reckless and insulting treatment at the hands 
of your future fellow-members does not conduce to a pleasant ap- 
preciation of them or the society which expressly or impliedly sanc- 
tions such wanton outrages. It undoubtedly tends to destroy 
one's confidence in the abiding usefulness of such organizations. 
The dignity, the manly tone, and true respect must be maintained, 
for by these attributes we draw men to us, and it really seems as 
if all these are blotted out so far as the neophyte is concerned by 
the slightest declination from them. We must be men and must not 
allow ourselves to feel that there is ever a single moment when we 
can afford to be anything else. As long as we encourage and con- 
tinue to do things which are disrespectful in the highest extreme, by 
reason of a false idea that an initiation means a frolic, with leave 
and license to carry on in any way we please, so long as we are not 
gentlemen, for we disregard the first law of gentlemanliness — re- 
spect for others. An initiation service is a hallowed ceremony. It 
is the most solemn and impressive method we have of signalizing 
the entrance of a new being into our brotherhood. The love we 
hold is sacred, and any redistribution of it, any open change in 
our relations should be celebrated in keeping with the divine na- 
ture of our affections. We would put this fraternal feeling of ours 
upon the highest plane, and make the observances which mark one's 
introduction to it upon a similar height. Surely the desire for 
sport can be satiated in other channels and without hazarding one's 



282 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

self-respect and manly feeling, for it is neither sport nor "fun" if 
these qualities are endangered. We are not in the least tinged 
with sentiraentalism, nor with an exaggerated idea of the gravity of 
the matter. We lament the unfortunate occurrence, not having a 
word of censure for J. K. £., but rather of tender sympathy, and 
praise for the true-spirited manner in which the editor touches 
upon the subject. In our review we have perhaps but repeated 
his thoughts, but we deemed the affair of so much importance that 
repetition can not be termed a grievous fault, if it properly en- 
forces the attention of our readers to a thoughtful consideration of 

the matter. 

* * * 

We are somewhat amazed at the ponderous number which Bro. 
Holmes of the 6. J. X. Shield, sends us for June, and its size is 
by no means its sole merit, for it is filled to overflowing with mat- 
ter of potent and abiding interest to those attached to that order. 
A group illustration of the Tau Deuteron chapter recently estab- 
lished at the University of Minnesota, and which marks the first 
real Western extension of the society, embellishes the opening 
page. A very full description of the University with views of the 
buildings follows. Photo-engravings of a number of Western 
Theta Deltas, accompany entertaining biographies, and from the 
space given to Western subjects, one is led to think that the fra- 
ternity has set foot in a Promised Land and is bedazzled by the 
prospects. Some day the Eastern fraternities will awake to the 
fact that the West after ail is not a Nazareth, and something good 
may be expected out of it. Verily some of them are slowly re- 
alizing that it behooves them to be more active and wide-awake. 
One thing sure, Bro. Holmes is not going to lag behind the age. 
Therefore the clergy are told in innumerable places that the Shield 
is at their disposal at the reduced tariff of Si per volume, postage 
paid. It is an injust discrimination and due to the prevailing sen- 
timent that preachers are underpaid and tver on the ragged edge of 
poverty. It is a little rough on the ministers to be thus badged 
everywhere. 

The immaculate white cover of the Kappa A Ipha Journal 'makes one 
almost feel that it has come from fair Olympus itself. It is the mid- 



TABLE-TALKfcR. 283 

summer number with which the editors regale us, and it is beyond 
question a prince among royally good issues. The Journal always 
has had an insatiate liking for poetry. The muse must hypnotize 
the editors and make them incapable of declining the verse which 
is contributed. We have no partiular fault to find with the verse 
nor with the editors: Both appear good t but as the former has no 
bearing whatever, we feel nerved to say that such high-class litera- 
ture seems out of place in the Journal. The space in a Greek pe- 
riodical ought to be too precious to be occupied by foreign sub- 
jects. "The Kappa Alpha Lover," an allied species of which, we 
believe, is to be found in every fraternity, is treated rather fe- 
licitously, although the writer with unconscious innocence accords 
his own Lothariou's an undue prominence; fain would he have 
them overtower all the rest that mankind has ever known. 

Apropos of the recent opening of colleges throughout the land 
the following is timely and filled with sterling advice: 

It behooves every chapter to organize at once, upon the opening of 
the scholastic year and to begin at once a vigorous, earnest, but dignified 
course to secure proper members for the chapter, and to gain prestige 
among the various new men. Rushing and scrambling for men is to be 
greatly deprecated. It is not only improper and common, but it is extremely 
dangerous. A conservative course may lose some men at first, but it will even- 
tually result in great good, and will elevate the fraternity in many respects. It 
will make membership more valuable. Men rarely value that which is thrust upon 
them; but those things that come after being desired are highly valued. A suc- 
cessful chapter must be composed of good men who appreciate their member- 
ship. No chapter is firmly established that has to wrangle for members to in- 
sure its perpetuity. 

Members are necessary to a chapter, and in fact they are highly desirable. 
Nevertheless great care should be exercised in the choosing. Good men, in every 
particular, are the only ones eligible to membership in a good chapter. Espe- 
cially are good men desirable in a fraternity that stands committed against honor- 
ary membership; for in such a fraternity the reputation that is wanted in the world 
must be a domestic product. We can not parade in borrowed glory, however 
rich it may be. We must depend upon ourselves. We must make it or do with 
out it. This is well, for it stimulates to action. The conduct of the returning 
members should be exemplary. By this are judged the chapters; and by the chap- 
ters is judged the entire Order. So much depends upon you in reference to repu- 
tation. 

It is to be hoped that in the ensuing year each chapter will begin by giving 
minute attention to every detail of its internal affairs, nor should the reports ot 
the various officers of the Order be delayed. The routine college work should 



284 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

be taken up at once, upon the opening of the institution. It should not be neg- 
lected, for a right and true beginning is the only guarantee of perfect success, or to 
success approaching perfection. Begin the year then with earnest conservatism 
and dignified zeal. 

Do not labor for one month with great energy and then relapse into inacticn, 
but begin with energy and continue with energy. There is as much danger in a 
chapter which starts too rapidly of giving out in the race for lack of stamina, as 
there is in a race horse giving out, which runs too fast in the beginning of a race. 
Many other things might be said, but they will not be said here. It rests upon 
those who return to active affiliation with the order to make the coming year cne 
of gratification or regret. Every man is expected "to do his duty." 

^* *F ^h 

The Alpha Phi Quarterly is at best not a pretentious journal. It 
is as modest and unassuming as we imagine its editresses to be, and 
comes to us with everything manufactured in such a seemingly 
quiet way, that we cannot help but admire its simplicity and lack 
of display. The articles are germane to fraternity and, on the 
whole, well written, although prepared obviously for Alpha Phi's 
without any attempt to seek a larger audience. 

* * * 

Vice-Chancelor Gailor, of the University of the South, in all 
his ecclesiastical robes and regalia, occupies the front pew in the 
A. T. LI. Palm for May, the latest number come to our table. His 
biography interspersed with a snatch of poetic inspiration follows. 
He is an honorary member, but according to the Palm a loyal one; 
which compensates somewhat for his post-collegiate initiation. 
The Cornell chapter is honored by a presentation of its history 
and a view of its home. The chapter house question forms the 
burthen of the editorials and we present the scheme by which their 
Cornell Chapter expects to secure their own quarters, absolutely 
in fee. To those chapters contemplating the building of houses it 
may afford a solution to the problem of obtaining funds for each 
purpose. 

The Chapter House Fund plan is as follows: We propose to issue one hundred 
and fifty shares in this fund at a par value of $100 each, making the total fund 
$15,000, which we estimate will buy a lot and build a house amply suited to our 
purposes. These shares are to be payable 20 per cent, when the full amount of 
stock is subscribed, and the balance in calls, to be determined by a Board of 
Trustees, who shall have full control of this fund, no call to exceed 10 per cent, 
of the total capital stock in any one month succeeding the last call. Shares, of 



TABLE-TALKER. 285 

coarse, may be fully prepaid, if desired, but this plan has been regarded as most 
convenient for the shareholders. These shares will pay the investor 5 per cent, 
interest, payable annually, but with this sole condition, that these dividends will 
not actually begin untill the full amount of each share has been paid in. This 
provision is made because we will not be able to pay these dividends while the 
house is in process of construction, and also pay rent for the premises we are now 
occupying. 

The method by which we will pay these dividends is as follows: They amount 
to a total of $750 per annum, and the house, when occupied, will return as room 
rent from the occupants (calculated from fifteen to twenty) the sum of at least 
$1,200, leaving a snug balance, which will also be used, if desired, to buy up 
stock. Besides this, we have monthly dues which we find are sufficient to pay our 
running expenses. You will, therefore, realize that the payment of the dividends 
is entirely feasible. We at present pay $1,000 rent, and find that we can get 
along very well and make ends meet, which, certainly, is a good indication of our 
ability to carry on the work we have undertaken. 

At the end of each college year, after the stock is fully paid up (and there will 
then be quite a large fund on hand for the first purchase of stock), the Graduate 
Treasurer will determine how many shares he can purchase at par, and then draw 
by lot from the number of shares remaining unpaid, thereby deciding which of 
the shareholders are entitled to preference at that time. These paid up shares 
then become the property of Beta Theta Chapter in its corporate name, and, as 
they accumulate, the interest becomes less and less, and the balance being larger 
will buy up an increasing number of shares each successive year. In this was the 
Chaptei House will have paid for itself within fifteen years, a result which we 
would all rejoice to see accomplished, and which it is within our power to bring 
about, if you, our Brothers, will only lend us aid. 

As we have said before, this Chapter House Fund will be well secured by a 
lien on the house and grounds, in the form of a trust deed, held by the trustees 
for the subscribers, the value of which is not liable to depreciate. The Univers- 
ity has kept up a steady growth during the past years, more and more students 
are attracted here, the value of land has been steadily rising, and property bought 
ten years ago has doubled the money put into it by the investor. 

The control of this Chapter House Fund is to be in a Board of Trustees, con- 
sisting of three alumni members of N. Y. Beta Theta Chapter (one of whom is to 
be the Graduate Treasurer), one member of the general Fraternity, and one active 
member of this Chapter. These trustees are to hold office permanently, with the 
exception of the active member of the Chapter, whose term of office will expire 
with his active membership, and whose successor will be elected by the Chapter, 
as long as the above plan shall be in operation; and the property will then be 
turned over to the Chapter in its corporate name, and will prove a very consider- 
able element of strength in the future history of the Fraternity. 

* * * 

For some unaccountable reason the Quarterly has not received 
the Key of Kappa Kappa Gamma ; the Delta Gamma Anchora, 



286 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

the Kappa Alpha Theta; the Sigma Chi Quarterly) the Chi Phi 
Chaekctty or the Beta Iheta Pi. We do not intend willingly to 
acquiesce in this omission. All of these magazines are on our 
mailing list, although with editorial changes continually being 
made, it is possible that they may be going to the wrong ad- 
dresses. Corrections will be cheerfully made. 



EDITORIAL 



The address of the Quarterly for the present is Phi Gamma 
Delta Club, 935 McCulloch Street, Baltimore, Md. 

^F ^h ^^ 

The address of Section Chief J. E. Etchison, Jr., has been 
changed by the transferral of Bro. Etchison's business interests to 
Richmond, Va. His address is 1004 Floyd Avenue. 

* * * 

The present number is enriched by the work of Ed. L. Mattern, 
a former editor of the Quarterly, whose facile pen again enables 
Table-Talker to meet its friends over the editorial board. 

* * * 

The rather meagre display of Chapter Correspondence in this 
issue is due both to the derelictness of the editor, who failed 
to mail notifications till October 1st, and to the necessity of pre- 
senting this issue to our readers, somehow or other, before the 
meeting of the Convention the latter part of this month. 

* * * 

That fraternity ties are stronger than those of chance acquain- 
tance ; that the arm of fraternal fellowship is long and strong 
enough to reach beyond the confines of chapter halls, the editor 
of the Quarterly has lately received convincing proof. A com- 
bination of chance and design threw us in the way of our Penn- 
sylvania chapters during the early days of the college year and for 
cordial fraternal enthusiasm, fine fellowship and exemplary ideas 
of inter-chapter hospitality, we can recommend to any itenerant 
Phi Gam, the chapters at Gettysburg, Philadelphia, Easton and 

^F ^^ ^^ 

It is not often that we have the pleasure of recording the suc- 
cess and honors of one who, in addition to being a brother, is a 
personal friend as well. But one year since we chronicled the 
elevation of Dr. Edward A. Ross, Johns-Hopkins, '91, to the 
Chair of Political Economy and Social Science in the University 



288 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

of Indiana. As this issue goes to types Brother Ross is organizing 
classes in the same subject at Cornell University, to which chair 
he was summoned in June last, in addition to flattering offers ten- 
dered him from Leland Stanford, Northwestern and the University 
of Pennsylvania. 

During the past year Brother Ross has been a contributor to 
numerous periodicals ; has conducted university extension lectures 
in Indiana and Illinois, and at the last meeting of the American 
Economic Association, that eminent body chose him to serve as 
its secretary and publisher for the coming year. His " Thesis on 
Sinking Funds M has recently been published in the monographs 
of that association. Although Dr. Ross* fraternity experience 
coincides only with the life of the Johns Hopkins chapter, his en- 
thusiasm and loyalty is as permanent as that of a much older 
initiate. 

* * * 

The initiative taken by the World's Fair authorities and the 
World's Congress Auxiliary, as announced by Bro. Kurtz in the 
The p*n-Heiienic preceding pages of the Quarterly, for the first 
Congress and the time renders possible a Pan-Hellenic Conference, 
World's Pair. which has long been an iridescent dream of the 

many friends of practical Pan-Hellism. The Quarterly con- 
fesses itself wholly in sympathy with any movement, whatever it 
may be, which offers itself as a solvent of the many inter-frater- 
nity problems, which, illogical as they are, still cling to the system 
as excrescences. We believe in a better code of honor; in a 
charity which will cast its pale beyond the confines of chapter 
prejudice and view a competitor for honors as a gentleman, rather 
than as the incarnation of all that is ungentlemanly, as many of 
our campaign methods would lead an outsider to suppose. 

We believe in courtesy even to an enemy, but when an enemy 
so-called is striving for the same ends, professing the same princi- 
ples and signing a similar creed to our own, we are forced to the 
belief that our terminalogy, as well as well as our tactics, is in 
need of reform. 

The Quarterly does not believe, however, that such a desider- 
atum is to be attained by congresses or resolutions. Change 
must come in the individual #, V. J. The fraternity is more, we 



EDITORIAL. 289 

confess, than the mere segregation of units, but despite this fact, 
it will seldom rise by legislation much above the level of its con- 
stituents. 

Still it will do us all good to meet one another. The Quar- 
terly will be represented and we hope to meet as many <P. I\ J.s 
as possible on that occasion, as well as our numerous enemies — our 

friends. 

* * * 

The committee in charge of arrangements for the convention 
desire it to be announced that the Continental Hotel has been 

secured for the entertainment of the convention ; 

The Convention 

that uniform rates of $2.50 per day will prevail, 
and that excursion rates over the Pennsylvania Railroad have been 
provided for, on the basis of one hundred delegates being present. 

The committee ef entertainment have asranged in addition for 
several outings, including a theatre party; while Philadelphia itself 
offers many points of interest to those who may be more " on 
pleasure bent." 

It is to be hoped that not a chapter will fail to respond at first 
roll call. The eastern wing will present a goodly showing. The 
southern chapters all express the intention of displaying their en- 
thusiasm, by big delegations, while Pennsylvania herself will come 
out en masse. 

The middle and western chapters are urged to make strenuous 
efforts to respond as fully as have the other chapters in the past 
when the convention went westward. Let the fraternity manifest 
its appreciation of our Quaker brothers' endeavors on our behalf. 

^F *r ^F 

There is every indication that the Philadelphia Convention will 
be a notable one in many respects. A large attendance seems 

assured. Only secondary in importance to 

Instruct Your Delegate ! ,..,,.,.,. , ,, , , , ,, 

this, is the desirability that all delegates shall 
come well-informed on the questions likely to arise, carefully in- 
structed by their chapter on those most important, and ready to 
take an active, aggressive part in the proceedings. 

Too often men of real ideas are deterred from advancing them 
through modesty or the feeling that experience and age should 
take precedure in all the affairs. We trust that such false ideas 



290 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

may not exist in the minds of any who may register at the Con- 
vention and that every brother, both before and after coming, will 
make the questions likely to arise a subject of thought ; will con- 
fer with his fellows and relinquish the too prevalent idea that he 
has exhausted his functions when he has eaten a four dollar dinner 
and voted aye or nay on one or more questions. That he will 
stimulate his resources in search of suggestive ideas to be pre- 
sented, and that above all he will cast aside diffidence and recog- 
nize his own position of equality. 

It is to be hoped that this, the forty-fourth annual gathering of 
its kind, will be representative in thought, in action and in legis- 
lation. 

* * * 

Man's susceptibility to the emotional has been recognized in all 
ages as a legitimate aveuue of appeal to his better as well as his 

baser self. The church falls back upon the senses 

The Ritual. , . .. ,. . 

when the intellect fails to respond, and religion 
appeals to many through such agencies more strongly than through 
the reason, and the secret society of to-day is more dependent 
upon this means of attraction than any other, saving perhaps the 
mystical. Nature demands impressionalism, and this craving has 
found recognition in our own efforts to infuse into the ritual of 
0. I\ A. a solemnity and spectacular dignity, which, we are fain to 
believe, adds force and power to the merely moral teachings of our 
Constitution. 

To the minds of many our present ritual is inadequate and out 
of harmony with the unusual beauty of its verbiage and arrange- 
ment. Bro. Smith in this issue cites some of the most striking in- 
congruities. Our ritual allows too great play for the indifference 
of one and the unwise enthusiasm of another ; so that as a result 
we have on the one hand a relegation of the ritual to a purely per- 
funtory rehearsal, and on the other, an excess of exuberance 
which often degenerates into mere " horse-play.' ' 

There is, in the opinion of the Quarterly, no subject worthy 
of more careful consideration by the Convention than the ritual. 
Greater uniformity is needed and a larger and more extended ser- 
vice. But little can be accomplished in the way of positive re- 
vision by the Convention itself ; but a competent committee with 



EDITORIAL. 291 

wide powers should be created to investigate and report on the 

subject in 1893. 

* * * 

To the minds of raanv, an irreconcilable barrier seems to exist 
between fraternity competition, college politics, class quarrels, 

and the common recognized canons of morality 
Fraternity Ethic and comity by which we reg ulate the affairs of 

and Philo-Hellenitm. J ' J ° 

every day life. During the rushing season es- 
pecially it is the habit to change ones ethics as one does his shirt; 
and all this in the impression that the end, the advancement of 
the interests of 0. /'. J. justifies it. A man is seen in the toils of 
the Philistines, and immediately a broadside of all manner of 
missies are opened upon our adversary, and vice versa. 

And to those to whom the former justification does not appeal, 
another equally sophistical does, /. e., that it is necessary to 
combat Satan with his own instruments. Two wrongs never make 
a right, and slander seldom touched or besmirches an immaculate 
man or organization, while it not infrequently reacts boomerang 
life upon the projector. We make these remarks apropos of the 
article in this issue by Bro. Baker, and while we have no particu- 
lar mark as the object of our homilitics, we still feel that <P. /'. 
J' s are not so greatly different from other men but that it will 
quite generally apply. 

It is to be confessed that competition among the different mem- 
bers of the Grecian world is somewhat inconsistent. Our aim is 
par eminence social culture and the advancement of fraternal senti- 
ments. And yet all competition, whether it be in the field of 
economics, politics or fraternity life is antagonistic to this sentiment 

All sentiments of honor and fair dealing, demand that the field 
of competition be limited and that the ideals which we aim, one 
and all of us to inculcate should become the animating spirit of 
our future campaigns. 

By this is meant simply and only that we observe the same prin- 
ciples of action which animate our daily affairs. Be dignified and 
independent in your attitude towards others,as well as the "spikee." 
Confine your methods to those strictly honorable and the same re- 
sults will^attend you when you buckle on your armor of conquest, 
that attends such an attitude wherever displayed. Honesty and 
honor is not only the best policy but what is more eminently true, 
it is the only consistent and true one. 



DELTA GOSSIP. 



W. N. Mix (Ohio State) is the editor of the Sunday supplement 
of the Pittsburg Dispatch. 

H. B. Hills, Tau, '89, is located in Indianapolis, and is doing 
journalistic work on the Sun. 

Rev. E. M. McMillan, P. J., '88, is pastor of a thriving Presby- 
terian church at Gibson City, 111. 

J. E. Hedges, late of Yale Chapter, has been admitted to the 
practice of law in Portland, Oregon. 

Rev. Charles B. Furman, Delta, is pastor of the Old Point Bap- 
tist church at Plymouth Meeting, Pa. 

James Wilson, M. D., is a member of the firm of Blount & Wil- 
son, physicians and surgeons, Wabash, Ind. 

1. 1. Brown, Delta Xi, is one of the rising young legal lights of our 
Berkeley Chapter, at San Francisco, Cal. 

E. P. Kohler, Ph D., Beta Mu, '92, has been appointed instruc- 
tor in Chemistry at Bryn Mawr College for women. 

Dallas Sanders, of Philadelphia, is one of the most prominent 
Democrats of the State, in addition to his immense business inter- 
ests. 

Rev. Revere F. Weidner (Muhlenberg), was numbered among 
the lecturers at the Mount Gretna (Pa.), Chautauqua, during the 
recent summer. 

W. Linford Smith, Pi, '92, is engaged in the wholesale Dental 
supply trade, the junior member of the widely known firm of Lee 
S. Smith & Son, Pittsburg. 

E. M. Knowles, Pi, '92, is secretary of the firm of Knowles, 
Taylor & Knowles, East Liverpool, Ohio, probably the largest 
pottery and stoneware industry in the world. 

Rev. W. F. Oldham, Pi, '8i, has recently contributed several 
articles to the Chautauquan, and was numbered among the lec- 
turers at the Chautauqua Assembly during the recent session. 



DELTA GOSSIP. 293 

W. R. Sopris, Omega, has been located in Trinidad, Col., 
during the past summer, in the practice of his chosen profession, 
law. 

Mr. B. A. Heydrick, Pi, '93, was the recipient of the first 
University Extension Prize at Chautauqua this summer, for the best 
examination in English Literature. 

D. H. Martin, <T. J., '90, is at Princeton Theological school and 
will take his degree during the coming year. Bro. Craven of the 
same chapter is likewise at Princeton. 

Bros. Geo. H. Fuller, //., '89, and Geo. H. Ray, //., '92, have 
entered the University of Pennsylvania Medical school. Bro. 
Martin, of the same chapter, is in the Drexel Institute. 

Rev. D. A. K. Preston Xi., has been filling a vacancy in the 
Presbyterian church at Warfordburg, Pa., during the past summer. 
Bro. Preston will finish his course at Chicago the coming year. 

J. Herbert Kohler, of Epsilon Deuteron, is engaged in the silk 
manufacturing business at Bethlehem, Pa., and promises to show 
any #. I\ J. good enough to travel that way a model silk industry. 

Paul Chatham, Epsilon, '88, writes enthusiastically to the Quar- 
terly of his continued love for 0. 1\ J. and Epsilon Chapter. Bro. 
Chatham is located at Elkin, N. C, in the Chatham Manufacturing 
Company. 

Paul L. Saurel, >'., '90, who received election into the -. 5. 9 an 
honorary society at Cornell, has been tendered a tutorship at that in- 
stitution. Bro. John H. Myers, of the same class, C. C. N. Y., is 
a member of the same society at Rensellaer. 

Dr. E. B. Heckel, Pi, '87, is numbered among Pittsburg's rising 
young specialists. His office is at 502 Penn Avenue, where he 
combines with his professional duties, those of demonstrator and 
lecturer before the West Penn Medical College. 

One of the most enthusiastic devotees the Quarterly ever had 
is Bro. M. C. Cameron, M. D., of Pittsburg. Bro. Cameron was a 
member of Pi Chapter in the early eighties, and is now one of the 
most prosperous young physicians of the Smoky City. 

The new University of Chicago includes in its roster of gradu- 
ate students at least three Phi Gamma Deltas from Denison Uni- 



*94 I*Hl GAMNiA D^Lf A 0UARTERLY. 

versity; of these Bros. Davis, M. B. Price and Bruce Kinney are 
candidates for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. 

The Columbia Chapter of 0. T. J. has instituted for the coming 
winter a series of semi-monthly dinners at their club house. 

0. J. 0., (P. r. J., I. A. E., and K. A. 6. have entered chapter 
houses at Leland Stanford, Jr., University, #. /\ J. having built a 
new house during the summer. 

David Kinley, Johns Hopkins, has an article in the September 
Annals of the American Academy, on "The Influence on Business 
of the Independent Treasury." 

President Charles W. Dabney, Jr., a biographical sketch of whom 
appeared in the June Quarterly, contributed an illustrated article 
to the Cosmopolitan for August on "Education in the South." 

Bro. T. L. Chrystie, &., was the validictorian of the class of '92, 
Columbia College, and also voted by the class the most popular 
man as well as the most active in advancing both its interest as 
well as those of the college. 

E. L. Frisbee, (Pi., '82,) & Co., is the name of the new firm, of 
which M. R. Stevenson, Pi, '87, is the junior member, which 
now control the popular Sterlingworth Inn (Lakewood, N. Y.,), and 
likewise own the Lakewood Ice Co., and the Humanitas Sanita- 
rium. 

The many friends of the popular ex-Chief of the Pennsylvania 
section will be gratified to learn that Bro. Meade D. Detweiler has 
been nominated to the honorable position of District Attorney, in 
Dauphin county, a district where nomination is equivalent to elec- 
tion. 

The new Graduate School of Economics of the University of Wis- 
consin numbers among its honor men three Phi Gamma Deltas. 
Bro. David Kinley, B. 3/., being Fellow and instructor in Economics, 
and Bro. A. G. Fradenburg, /J. 3/., being scholar in the same depart- 
ment. The holder of the fellowship in Engineering is also a #. T. J. 
from State College, and is C. H. Hile. 

Prof. M. W. Bohn, of Epsilon Deuteron, and later one of the 
charter members of Gamma Phi, is now located at Norfolk, Va. 
in charge of the Union Mining and Roofing Company. Bro. Bohn 



DELTA GOSSIP. 295 

was largely instrumental in enabling Gamma Phi to secure its pres- 
ent beautiful home and still maintains a warm and abiding interest 
in (P. r. J. 

Edw. W. Hill, Delta Xi, '91, like the majority of the other mem- 
bers of our Berkeley Chapter, continues to manifest strong attach- 

* 

ment to #. T. J., by keeping in touch with her through the Quar- 
terly. Bro. Hill is general agent for the Edison Mimeograph and 
similar supplies, and is located at No. 28 New Montgomery street, 
San Francisco. 

The following "yell " has found its way to the Quarterly which 
is submitted for consideration of the Convention : 

Rah! Rah! Phi Gam! 

Rah! Rah! Delta, 

Rah! Rah! Rah! Rah! 

Phi Gamma Delta! 

We are pleased to announce that since our June issue three 
chapters have entered club houses, while the University of Penn- 
sylvania chapter has moved into a more commodious house, which 
more nearly satisfies the standing and needs of the chapter. The 
Leland Stanford Chapter has built during the summer, while the 
Johns Hopkins and Worcester Polytechnic chapters have entered 
rented houses. The Boston Chapter also contemplates such a 
move. 

From one of the Cleveland (O.) papers we clip the following re- 
garding a former member of Pi Chapter: 

A quiet wedding occurred at Dover Bay Park Thursday at 4 p. m. Rev» 
Frank Barrett officiated, and only the immediate relatives of the contracting 
parties were present. The groom was Mr. William G. Barrows, a promising 
young attorney of this city, and the bride Miss Daisy E. Crumb, youngest daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Crumb, 1 134 Euclid avenue. 

The presents were numerous and costly, including a house and lot at 50 Wilson 
place, a gift of the bride's parents, where the happy couple will be at home to 
theii friends after October 1. An elegant wedding banquet was given at the 
Dover Bay Park Club house after the ceremony. Mr. and Mrs. Barrows are en- 
joying a trip through the east. 

PHI GAMMA DELTA'S NEW HOUSE. 

In a very picturesque little grove near Mayfield there are two 
houses. One is a large, old fashioned, comfortable house of the 
wide-porched mansion type, and has been there during all the 



296 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

years that the surrounding shade trees have taken to attain to their 
present size. It has been renovated lately and newly painted. 
The other is a new house of modern style. Its shining white 
painted sides as the sunlight falls upon them through the branches 
of the surrounding trees show in striking contrast to the great 
brown trunks and dark green leaves that form the back-ground. 
As I approached from a distance I saw the American flag floating 
from the house top in the gentle breeze that rustles the top-most 
branches of the long avenue of pines iu front of the houses. The 
surroundings speak of the seclusion and quiet of the forest. But 
the inhabitants of this miniature forest are not hermits or recluses. 
They are live college students enjoying all the pleasures of club 
life. I was shown through the newer house. From a hospitable 
front porch that extends around to one side of the house I entered 
the front hall to the right of which are two parlors. Back of the 
second parlor is a large dining-room, and back of the front hall is 
a billiard room. All these rooms are so arranged by means of 
folding doors between them that they can be thrown into one large 
reception room. The sleeping rooms are on the upper floor, and 
accommodate fourteen men. But I should mention who these men 
are. They are the Phi Gamma Delta boys. Their near neighbors 
are the Kappa Alpha Thetas. 

— The Sequoia, Leland Stanford Jr., University. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 



-Jf 



ALPHA. 

WASHINGTON AND JEFFERSON COLLEGE. 

The new college year finds Alpha equipped with thirteen men, a 
number which we trust will prove a lucky one for us. We have 
as yet no no new names on our roll, but we hope to increase our 
ranks very shortly. 

Of the brothers who bade us adieu last June, Bro. Rchn is in 
town pursuing the study of law; Bros. Hoffman and Gardner are 
attending the Yale School of Divinity and McCormick Seminary, 
respectively; and Bro. Grayson, is, at present, located at Mead- 
ville, Pa., engaged in journalism. M. U. Acheson. 

BETA. 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

We are happy to introduce Bros. Ralph W. E. Leach, Richard 
W. Belfield, and Clinton H. Miller, all of '96, and residents of 
Philadelphia. 

Ninety-six is a large and fine looking class, and wc have pledged 
its vice president and two others. Bro. Belfield plays on his class 
football team. Bro. Leach has been offered a place in the Uni- 
versity Banjo Club, and Bro. Miller shines on the '96 committee. 
Six of the chapter won prizes in athletic sports during the summer, 
Bro. Coates being our chief prize winner. 

Bro. Gable won the prize in Political Economy, and Bros. A. 
McCullough Jr., and Crow won the honors in special subjects. 

We are sorry to say Bro. Elliott, our Epsilon, has left college to 
assist in the management of his father's business. 



♦Chapter letters should be 500 words in length, and in our hands by the first 
days of January, April, June and October. They should contain: First, import- 
ant news of the local chapter; second, news of general college interest which will 
satisfy the demand of your Alumni who read the Quarterly; third, facts of more 
than local interest respecting other fraternities. Let it be newsy and possessed of 
a moderate amount of literary excellence. 



298 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Some of our members visited Gettysburg during Commencement 
week, and were royally received and entertained by the brothers of 
Pennsylvania College. 

Our summer meetings have been well attended, and we have had 
the pleasure of visits from several brothers of other chapters. 
Bros. Ray and Fuller, of Pi, and Kopf of Nu Epsilon have entered 
'95, Medical and Bro. Nice, of Delta, is in '96 in college. 

We are now fitting up our new house, and as it is twice as large 
as the old one we are rather hard worked, but still find time to 
rush new members and to entertain visiting brothers. With best 
wishes I remain Fraternally yours, 

George Crow. 

DELTA. 

BUCKNELL UNIVERSITY. 

Delta again uses the Quarterly to send her greeting among 
sister chapters. During the past six months Delta has drawn 
large prizes, taking honors in every department. 

It was at the annual symposium, given during commencement 
week, that a summary of the good things which had fallen to our 
lot was made. We had hardly appreciated our good fortune until 
our invited brothers began to congratulate us. They were no less 
proud than we that Bro. Heim, editor-in-chief, assisted by Bros. 
Gardner, Thomas and Foresman, had brought out one of the best 
annuals of the year. Z' Agenda received favorable comments from 
scores of alumni, and had a large sale among former students, as 
well as those now here. Bro. Thomas was also introduced as 
president of our flourishing Y. M. C. A. 

Upon the Commencement News we were represented by Bro. A. 
R. E. Wyant, as editor-in-chief, and Bro. Heim. 

But the greatest surprise to our alumni was our record on Field 
Day. In the athletic contests Bro. Ad. Wyant won the hammer 
throw, shot-put, and tied for first in the high jump. Bro. A. R. 
E. Wyant took the one mile walk in fair time. Your scribe was 
first in the one hundred yard dash, hurdle race, fifty-yard dash, 
broad jump, and hop, step and jump. To him fell the silver cup, 
the prize for the^best all-round athlete, and to Bro. Ad. Wyant the 
gold-headed cane as second best, A so-called all-round athlete 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 2*9 

of another fraternity had to satisfy his companions as to 
prowess by winning the base ball throw. Bro. Allen took the 
tennis championship for the third time. 

On commencement day Bro. Heim received the prize for Junior 
oration. Bro. A. R. E. Wyant took second Psychology prize and 
sumtna cum laude. 

Since the new year has opened Bro. Gardner has been elected 
president of Theta Alpha Literary Society, and Bro. Riggin cap- 
tain of our foot ball team. 

Although we lost good men in Bros. Shaffer, Wyant, Hulley 
and Allen by graduation, we were pained to los# Bros. Heysham, 
Horter and Nice, who intend to finish their courses at Phila- 
delphia. But to fill their chairs we have initiated and now intro- 
duce Bros. Mudge and Finn, and Herbert Harris, son of President 
Harris. Fraternally yours, 

Bromley Smith. 

EPSILON. 

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

After a pleasant and, we trust, a profitable vacation, Epsilon 
sends greetings to her sister chapters. The opening of the Uni- 
versity is gratifying to all its friends, and Epsilon congratulates 
herself that she is keeping pace with the fraternity movement in 
the University. We have initiated four new men who pledge their 
hearty support to 0. 1\ J. Our number thus reaches twelve. Of 
the eight "old boys" who returned, three, Davis, Whitlock and 
Cheek, are members of the Senior Class. The initiates are Carter 
Eliason, '96; Jno. D. Boger, '96; Walter Woodson, '96, and R. S. 
Turlington, South Carolina, Medical student. We anticipate a 
succesful year's work. 

We have rented a new hall in the central part of the village, and 
have fitted up a tennis court. 

Bro. J. V. Lewis, '91, spent a few days with us recently while 
on his way to Harvard where he has a scholarship. 

Epsilon wishes the sister chapters a prosperous year. 

Jno. M. Cheek. 



300 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

XI. 

PENNSYLVANIA COLLGE. 

Xi returned this year with an active chapter of ten men, having 
lost four by graduation, and one, Bro. Heilman, '94, by the ill 
health of his father. All these men will be greatly missed, both 
by the chapter and by the college. Bro. Ulery was without excep- 
tion the finest musician in college. Bros. C. E. and F. V. Filbert 
were both prominent in athletic circles, the latter by his work in 
the box having aided considerably to the success of the base ball 
team last year. Bro. Heilman was the champion tennis player of 
the college, and was also a member of the Banjo club. 

Owing to the small number of men who entered college this 
year, we have thus far initiated but three men: Bros. Fred J. 
Baum, '96, Philadelphia, Pa.; Charles J. Fite, '98, Allegheny City, 
Pa., and J. J. Albert, '92, Washington, D. C, who is now in the 
Seminary. But rest assured that whatever men there are 0. I\ J. 
will get what she wants. Bro. Markswood, '91, has this year re- 
turned to enter the Seminary here. This gives us four men in this 
institution. 

At the last Commencement here, 0. 1\ J. came out with fresh 
laurels. Although forced to surrender the Inter-Fraternity Cup to 
#. J. V., two of our men won the double in the College Tournament, 
namely Bros. Hoffer and F. V. Filbert. Bro. Huber, of the grad- 
uating class, was granted unlimited time on his speech, "Shculd 
Pennsylvania College be made a University," which is a rare in- 
stance. Bro. Kimbel won the Hassler Gold Medal, the Junior 
Latin Prize, and Bro. Wert obtained honorable mention on the 
Muhlenburg Freshman Prize. 

Of the graduated men all have decided upon their professions. 
Bros. Filbert, C. E. and F. V., will both go to the University of 
Pennsylvania, the-former to enter the Medical Department and the 
latter the Law School. Bro. Ulery will read law at home; and 
Bro. Huber will continue here in the Seminary. He has also ac- 
cepted a position as tutor in the Preparatory Department, to fill 
the vacancy caused by the resignation of Bro. Anstadt, who accepted 
the chair of Latin and Greek in the York Collegiate Institute, of 
York, Pa. Bro. Buehler, '83, has also resigned as Principal of the 
same place; to accept the Mastership of English in the new Yale 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 301 

Preparatory School at Lakeville, Conn., and his position is now 
filled by Bro. Klinger, '86. With sincerest regards to all, I remain 

Fraternally yours, 

E. H. Wert. 

SIGMA. 

WITTENBERG COLLEGE. 

In this, the beginning of a new year, Sigma sends greetings to 
sister chapters. 

In our last letter it was stated that weshonld lose three brothers 
at the close of the year, but we are very glad to correct that error, 
by stating that we only lose one of the class of '92. The three 
graduates were Bros. C. R. Sherck, C. E.Gardner and H. H. Shell. 
Bro. Sherck is the on e we lose ; he goes to McCormick Univer- 
sity at Chicago. Bros. Gardner and Shell return, the former to 
enter our Theological school connected with the college, and the 
latter to study law in the city. We welcome them and feel more 
confident of our success the year to come, with their co-operation. 

Bro. Cash Van Matre, who has been studying medicine in our 
city, entered the Medical College of Cincinnati this term to com- 
plete his course there. 

We are glad to have Bro. Kain, who has been out of school for 
some time, with us again. 

All report having had a fine time during the vacation past. Bro. 
B. G. Printz, instructor in the physical department of our college, 
and quite a noted bicyclist, took a trip by wheel to Chicago this 
summer, visiting several of our boys near there, and reports it a 
most enjoyable ride. 

The brothers have all returned to make this a most prosperous 
year, and to use all means possible to help Phi Gamma Delta fra- 
ternity as much as possible. We are glad to say that we have 
secured a room in addition to our hall, and are having both re- 
modeled and refitted with a good set of furniture, and draperies to 
enhance them. We think we can claim the finest rooms of any 
fraternity at Wittenberg when we have them completed. Bros. 
Sears and Bosler, of Dayton, Ohio, visited us this summer, and 
we were very glad to have them ; Sigma opens her doors to all 
Phi Gams who may journey our way. We would be glad to see 



302 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

you all, to promote that fellowship for one another, which is the 
most devout aim of our fraternity. 

Foot ball is all the rage now at our school, and we will without 
doubt have three men that are Phi Gams on the team. 

We hope to be able to introduce to the fraternity at large three 
new brothers by our next letter, and with the seventeen we have 
now we feel confident of good work to follow. 

Sigma, in closing, bids her sister chapters good cheer, and wishes 
the best of results for the coming year. 

Yours fraternally, 

C. F. Gladfelter. 

UPSILON. 

COLLEGE OE THE CITY OF NEW YORK. 

Upsilon sends her regrets that owing to a misunderstanding she 
had no communication in the last Quarterly. 

The term started with Phi Gamma in a prosperous condition 
with ten members and three more pledged, whom we have since 
taken in. They are Frankly n Whitman Robinson, Jacques Schlos- 
ser, and Charles Derleth, all first rate fellows and men of stand- 
ing in their classes. 

In the spring games Spahr, '94, carried off the honors in the 
bicycle race, breaking the record previously held by a Phi Gamma 
man. Zabriskie took 2nd place in the 220 yard dash. 

In the coming Columbus Celebration we are well represented, 
with Bros. Haney and Heylman as Marshals, and Bros. Zabriskie 
and Emery as Captains of companies. 

Several brothers have left college, Merz has gone to Cornell, Off 
is at Columbia, Lennon is at New York University studying medi- 
cine, J. Robinson is at New York University of Science. 

We regret to state the death of Bro. Alfred M. Dailey, '92. 

There were twenty-five Deltas present at the funeral. Bro. Lutz 

spoke at the grave. Fraternally, 

G. K. Martin. 

PSI. 

WABASH COLLEGE. 

Psi has a chapter roll at present of eleven men — all loyal and 
active Deltas. By graduation we lost Bros. McCluer, Duckworth 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 30J 

and Christian, three of the best men ever initiated into the bonds 
of Phi Gamma Delta. 

At our last meeting we initiated Bro. Richey, '96, and hope by 
the next issue of the Quarterly to to introduce several more. 

Bro. Zener successfully piloted the college annual last year to 
its publication and is at present running the college paper. 

Bro. Moore, '94, was unanimously elected by his class to suc- 
ceed Bro. Zener. 

Bro. Clifford McBride, '94 is now attending Princeton. 

Wabash is daily expecting her new president, Dr. Burroughs, of 
Amherst College. Wishing prosperity to all the chapters, I am 

Fraternally, 

F. C. Cutter. 

OMEGA. 

COLUMBIA COLLEGE. 

Omega takes great pleasure in greeting once more her sister 
chapters in the great Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta through the 
medium of the Quarterly. 

That fraternity interests are still strong among many of the older 
men in the organization, is evidenced by the very large attendance 
at the general meeting held on October 4th, to elect members to 
the Grand Chapter. Over fifty attended, the larger number being 
graduates. 

I am happy to write that Omega's prospects were never brighter 
than they are at present. Our roll-call is long and we feel under 
no necessity of obtaining new men unless very desirable. We have 
a few in mind however, who will probably join us before the Christ- 
mas holidays. 

We Phi Gams at Columbia have a jolly way of meeting on the 
Campus after college hours to hold what I may call receptions, 
to which are invited men whom we are rushing. This custom has 
grown out of the chapter's strictest rule, which is that no outsider 
can be introduced at the chapter house under any circumstances. 

Omega purposes having small informal dinners twice a month 
during the winter, at which right good times are always had. 

With best wishes for the coming year, believe me. 

In behalf of Omega, 

Ernest V. Hubbard. 



3<>4 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

ALPHA DEUTERON. 

ILLINOIS WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY. 

Alpha Deutcron chapter of Phi Gamma Delta sends greetings 
to all her sister chapters at this, the beginning of a new college 
year. The Illinois Wesleyan University opened with great spirit 
and enthusiasm, but the most enthusiastic portion was Alpha 
Deuteron chapter. Before the regular date of opening, nearly 
every Phi Gam was on the ground and ready for duty. A rousing 
meeting was called the first evening, to which ten brothers re- 
sponded at roll call. An initiation took place and we now take 
pleasure in introducing to you our new brother, Arthur Morse. 
Five new brothers were initiated into the hidden mysteries at the 
close of school last June, hence we now have six new brothers 
this fall, thus making us fourteen men for the beginning of this 
school year. Our new brothers are quite enthusiastic for the wel- 
fare of our fraternity, consequently we feel assured that the stand- 
ing of Alpha Deuteron will rank very high among our rivals. 
Fourteen men above the Preparatory department can and will be 
a power, although it be in an university of twelve hundred stu- 
dents, which is the total enrollment of Wesleyan. We lost 
two brothers of last year, one by graduation, the other by his en- 
tering the Chicago Medical College. 

The question of erecting a chapter house has received much 
careful consideration, and we hope ere many years to be comfort- 
ably established in such quarters. Fraternally, 

L. E. Lackland. 

EPSILON DEUTERON. 

MUHLENBERG COLLEGE. 

As we are again nestled in our cosy quarters, it delights us to . 
reflect on the progress made by Epsilon Deuteron since we wrote 
our last letter. Since then we have passed through the joyous 
time of commencement, the long vacation and the opening of a 
new collegiate year. The present session finds each Delta at 
work. New life seems to have been infused into our chapter's 
veins. We have had several valuable additions to our chapter 
since last commencement, and are enthusiastic for the advance- 
ment of Phi Gamma Delta. Sine™ the new collegiate year began 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 3<>5 

we have not been idle by any means, and I take great pleasure in 
introducing to our sister chapters Bros. Leopold Weddigen, Oren 
Lerdy, Frank Kuntz and William Gold, all of '96. The younger 
members seem to have caught the spirit of fraternity, and are stand- 
ing shoulder to shoulder with the elder brothers in the advancement 
of 0. r. J. Epsilon Deuteron has reasons to congratulate herself 
on her continued prosperity. We have at present thirteen ener- 
getic and sociable wearers of the royal purple. 

We were pleased to have with us Bros. Stier, of ~. J., and 
Fred. C. Howe, of B. M. With best wishes for the advancement 
of our sister chapters, I remain Fraternally yours, 

Newton F. Miller. 

DELTA DEUTERON. 

HAMPDEN SIDNEY COLLEGE. 

The opening of the session found us with ten men in all returned, 
eight in college and two in the seminary. Thus far we have 
initiated one man, Bro. C. H. Sicklider, of West Virginia, who is 
one of the best men in his class, besides being a prime base ball 
player. We hope to have similar reports to make in our next let- 
ter. Bro. H. B. Hawes who graduated with second honor last 
year is teaching at Roller school near Stanton, Va. Bro. C. M. 
Armstrong of the same class is teaching in Gallipolis, Ohio, while 
Bro. James Holladay is preaching in Franklin County, Virginia. 
Bro. N. B. Campbell, of last year's class, is studying in Union 
Thelogical Seminary. At our last Commencement Bro. Hawes 
made two orations, one of which, "The Origin of Creeds," was 
said by competent judges to have been the best oration delivered 
here for many years. His other, "A Plea for Politics/' was also 
highly commended. Bro. Campbell as presiding officer at the 
Union Society Celebration was a decided success. We expected 
this year to have seen Kappa Sigmas occupying their new chapter 
house, but as yet the lot is not marked out, and we judge from in- 
dications the plan must have fallen through. 

Extending to all Phi Gammas a most cordial invitation to visit us 
any time they can, I remain, Fraternally yours, 

Emmett R. Price. 



306 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

GAMMA DEUTERON. 

KNOX COLLEGE. 

Gamma Deuteron sends her heartiest greetings to her sister 
chapters, and wishes them the same bright prospects which she 
herself enjoys. 

With this issue of the Quarterly we take pleasure in introducing 
six new brothers: Bros. Robert Eilenburg, Frank Pollock, George 
Naught, John Harvey, M. D., Alex. Sheldon, and George Rob- 
bins, each of whom is an honor to the chapter and well worthy of 
wearing the Royal Purple. 

Never since the granting of the charter has there been more 
general enthusiasm in the chapter. This enthusiasm has perhaps 
been heightened by the rearranging, refurnishing and decorating of 
the fraternity hall. When the work will have been completed 
Gamma Deuteron will be able to congratulate herself on having 
the most tastefully decorated and nicely furnished fraternity hall 
in the city of Galesburg. To the loyalty, skill, and energy of Bro. 
Orville Bassett is due to a great extent the success of the under- 
taking. Were Gamma Deuteron to go begging for college honors 
it would be a thing unusual. In every contest for such honors in 
which we have been opposed by our strongest rivals, the Betas, 
we have come off more than victorious. Through Bro. Taylor we 
hold the editor-in-chiefship of the college paper, as well as the 
Presidency of the Adelphi Literary Society, and the ranking Cap- 
taincy of the cadet corps. Bto. Evans is President of the Ath- 
letic Association and ranking ist Lieutenant of the cadet corps. 
Bro. Barge has just been elected President of the Sophomore class. 

But in the midst of our prosperity we must encounter our sor- 
rows. We regret to chronicle the deaths of Bro. Harvey Stewart of 
'94, and Bro. Henry Brown, a charter member of the chapter. 

Since the opening of the college year we have been visited by 
several of our Alumni. Among them were, Bro. Mack Tanner, 
Assistant Subtreasurer of the United States at Chicago, and Bros. 
Caidy and Bailey. 

We were called upon recently by Bro. Davidson, formerly of 
Rho Deuteron, who is now attending Monmouth college. 

Yours in 0. T. J., 

Harry B. Garrett. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 307 

ZETA DEUTERON. 

WASHINGTON AND LEE UNIVERSITY. 

Only four old men returned this session, but our ranks were 
strengthened by the advent of Bro. Glasgow Armstrong from 
B. J., and we hope soon to give Bro. W. L. Wood, //. J., a hearty 
welcome. 

An active correspondence was kept up during vacation, so we 
had several freshmen spotted and began work immediately. 

Bro. Harry H. Blackburn joined us on September 27th, and tie- 
fore the Quarterly goes to press we will have added one more to 
our roll in the person of Mr. Sam. F. Darnall, brother to W E. 
Darnall, Z. J., '92. We take pleasure in introducing these gen- 
tlemen, assured that they will wear the diamond with credit to 
themselves and fraternity. If success still attends our efforts, we 
hope to number ten men by the December issue. 

Zeta Deuteron commenced a library last spring which is steadily 
growing. We have considered the chapter house scheme in all its 
aspects, but find it impracticable at present. 

All is excitement now over foot ball, and in the hands of a 
trainer our team is anticipating a successful campaign. Bro. 
Bullitt represents us as quarter back. Bro. Henderson was lately 
elected president of the University Cotillion club ; and when the 
base ball season arrives the royal purple will continue to wave. 

Washington and Lee has at present 215 matriculates. Of these, 
75 are fraternity men, distributed as follows : K. 1\, 10; 7\ E. A'., 
10; <P. r. J., 6; I. N., 6; K. A., 6; </>. A'. <T., 6; <P. 8. '/'., 6; I. X., 
5; A. T. Ll. t 5; «P. J. *., 5; //. A'. A., 3; 1\ A. /;., 3; X #., 2. 

Fraternally yours, 

J. Baldwin Ranson. 

THETA DEUTERON. 
OHIO wesleyan university 
Deeming it one of the essential things to write more concerning 
the chapter than the school to which it belongs, we shall give more 
facts concerning 9. J. and her boys than anything else. We started 
out with ten men and two pledged, and have added two more to the 
number pledged since then Rushing has been very sharp this year, 



308 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

as it was a case of heave to, or shut up shop with some of the 
fraternities. 

As to honors we have always gotten our share, and 
this year we have in our possession the editor-in-chiefship of the 
Transcript, the captaincy of the foot-ball team, and also a man on 
the contest who is going to take it. The Ohio Wesleyan University 
has taken some quite severe measures in regard to social regula- 
tions, but in all probability it is best for the school, since better 
work has already manifested itself. The convention is nearly here, 
and in all probability will be on us by the time of publication. 
The fact that there is a great deal of important legislation to be 
done makes it necessary that every chapter should send its best 
men. 0. J. sends greeting to all sister chapters. 

Frank L. McVey. 

OMICRON DEUTERON. 

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY. 

To sister chapters Omicron Deuteron sends choicest greetings. 
This year we have entered with a chapter roll of sixteen brothers, 
thirteen in the college proper and three in the Law school. In 
answer to our first roll call, however, we were sorry to find that 
three of our brothers, Tate, Bennett and Wise, did not respond. 
Bro. Tate is studying medicine at Cincinnati, and Bro. Bennett has 
entered the Ohio Wesleyan University. Bro. Wise has departed 
from college life and will follow his chosen profession of civil en- 
gineering at Canton, O. 

Bro. L. M. Davidson, from Rho Deuteron, entered the Junior 
class and has won the heartiest welcome from our chapter. 

Bro. Withoft,our able representative on the athletic field, wishes 
us to state that the Olfio State University won the pennant at base 
ball last spring, making the unusual record of 100%. Will the pro- 
phetic voice from Lambda Deuteron please prophesy again? At 
the recent election of officers for the Oratorical Association the 
fraternities carried everything before them. Bro. Serva was elected 
Treasurer. 

Our chapter now boasts of an Orchestra, from which we hope to 
derive much pleasure, and also considerable benefit during the 
coming winter. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 309 

The prospects of Omicron Deuteron were never brighter. We 
have two pledged men, and at our next meeting will initiate one 
who holds the responsible position of director of the Athletic As- 
sociation. Wishing all the best success possible during the coming 
year. I am, fraternally yours, 

San ford B. Belden. 

PI DEUTERON. 

KANSAS UNIVERSITY. 

To her sister chapters Pi Deuteron sends greeting upon the com- 
mencement of a new school year. We are back in school with a 
small but enthusiastic, and upon the whole, a strong chapter. We 
have already pledged three new men and stand an excellent show 
of getting several more good ones. Although this is written at the 
beginning of school the members of our chapter have already re- 
ceived honors. Several of our number have been chosen members 
of the University Glee Club, which has already a well established 
reputation throughout this state, and will this year extend its repu- 
tation by a series of entertainments to be given in Colorado. 

One of our members has been elected Treasurer of the Fresh- 
men class, another, Bro. Valentine has been elected editor for the 
Sophomore class to work upon the University Annual) this being the 
only office the Sophomores gave to a fraternity man. Mr. Valen- 
tine has also been chosen local editor of the Courier, our university 
weekly. 

Never before has the outlook for Pi Deuteron been brighter and 

from the Chapter Correspondence in the Quarterly, I take it that 

our prosperity is but in keeping with the general prosperity of Phi 

Gamma Delta. Fraternally, 

Benj. Horton. 

RHO DEUTERON. 

WOOSTER UNIVERSITY. 

Rho Deuteron* s phalanx, for a wonder, was slow to assemble. 
But the faithful few who were first on the field of battle gave the 
watchword, chanted the paean, and were "rushing " on to victory, 
while the tardy " bricks " were bringing up the rear. Thus, ere 
the other Hellenic tribes were aware, they had captured the most 
desirable plunder of the barbarian hosts. 



310 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

Though Wooster, by the improvements of the last year both in 
buildings and apparatus, is better equipped than ever before, and 
will now compare favorably with any institution in Ohio, there 
is a very perceptible decrease in the attendance this year. The 
greatest falling-oft is noticed in the Freshman and Junior classes. 
This decrease is attributed to the prohibition of inter-collegiate 
athletics last year, and is hoped to be only temporary. Frat. 
material is, therefore, correspondingly scarce. The rushing season 
was unusually tame, and consisted mainly of the ceremonies con- 
nected with the cementing of fore-ordained men. 

Of seventeen men in Rho Deuteron last year, only eight re- 
turned. Bro. Savage, after an absence of two years, also rejoined 
us, so we started with nine men. Rather a small beginning for 
us, but when compared with the other fraternities of the school 
we are among those numbering highest. Here we draw the line, 
our modesty forbidding us to speak of quality. Some of the frats. 
are in very bad condition. Phi Kappa Psi is without a man. 
Sigma Pi has two men. Phi Delta Theta is also very low. 

Since the opening of school we have added two strong links to 
" Delta's chain," Bro. William B. Ramsey, '97, of Belle Centre, 
O., and Bro. William C. Stockton, '98, of West Unity, O. It 
gives us great pleasure to introduce two such brothers to the gen- 
eral fraternity, for they are both good, strong, all-round men. 

Since they are so widely scattered, perhaps it would be of in- 
terest to some to know the whereabouts of our absent brothers. 
Frank Leavitt, '95, has entered Buchtel College. Frank Snod- 
grass, '94, is engaged in merchantile pursuits at his home in Ken- 
ton, O. Frank C. Schroeder, '95, has entered Cornell. Harry 
E. Bodman, '96, was hindered by sickness from entering Ann 
Arbor School of Law, and is at home in Toledo. Fred H. Bod- 
man, '95, and Walter F. Gifford, '95, are also at home in Toledo. 
C. Fred Bacon, '96, is traveling in the East, and will return to 
school in October. D. M. Davidson, '94, has entered Ohio State 
University and will cast his lot with Theta Deuteron. W. B. 
Davidson, '95, has entered Monmouth College. He already re- 
ports a very pleasant visit with Gamma Deuteron brothers at 
Knox College. Bro. Will A. Dunn, with '93 through Sophomore, 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 3x1 

now with Princeton '93, and Bro. Robert H. Moore, ex-'93, visited 
with us a few days at the opening of the term. 

Thankful for our present strength, and hoping to make many 
additions to our little band this year, we close, wishing as much 
prosperity to Phi Gamma Delta in general as we ourselves seem 
destined to enjoy. Emmett L. Savage. 

SIGMA DEUTERON. 

LAFAYETTE COLLEGE. 

At the term opening eleven brothers were on hand to answer 
first roll-call. Bro. Craven is the only man Sigma Deuteron lost 
this year, and him by graduation. All reported having had a pleasant 
time in the mountains or by the shore, and to have left the sum- 
mer girls regretfully. 

The Freshman class at Lafayette contains good fraternity ma- 
terial, and Sigma Deuteron has not been idle. We take pleasure 
in presenting to the fraternity Bro. Louis M. de Saulles, Union- 
town; R. D. Williams, Plainfield, N. J., and Geo. DeW. Herring, 
Wilkesbarre, as our first initiates. We also have several other men, 
two of whom are pledged, whom we hope to present in our next 
letter. 

At our annual dinner Commencement week, we had the pleas- 
ure of having with us Bros. Manning and Voislawsky, of Nu Epsi- 
lon, besides many of our alumni. 

Many Fijis have visited us since the opening year. Bro. F. C. 
Howe, of Beta Mu, made us a short visit. Bros. Martin, '91, 
Craven, '92, and Graham, '94, spent Sunday with us. Bros. Potts 
and Southgate, of Beta Chi, with two new men (now brothers), 
came down from Lehigh soon after college opened and made us a 
short visit. 

We are hopeful of a most successful year for Sigma Deuteron, 

and doubt not but that she will hold her place as one of the 

strongest fraternities in "Old Lafayette." 

Edwin W. Gearhart. 

BETA CHI. 

LEHIGH UNIVERSITY. 

Beta Chi's scribe sends greeting to all sister chapters and hopes 
that all are at the beginning of a most prosperous and successful 



312 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

year. We began the year with nine old men, have already initiated 
three more; have five pledged with several more on the string. 
Our prospects for this year are of the best, and we intend by hard 
work to place <P. f. J. in the very top place at Lehigh. 

It gives me great pleasure in this connection to introduce to the 
fraternity at-large the following new brothers: C. W. Thorn, '96, 
Washington, D. C; Miles H. Orth, '96, Williamsport, Penn., and 
Albert D. Ayers, '96, Williamsport, Penn. We hope to be able to 
give the names of several others by the next issue. 

Our foot-ball season has just begun and we have great hopes for 
our team's success. Again wishing all Phi Gams every success. 

I remain yours in 0. /'. J., 

Chester Terriel Ayers. 

BETA MU. 

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY. 

We start our third year at Johns Hopkins with an outlook re- 
assuring, though our membership is but eleven at the start, having 
been reduced from seventeen last year by the departure of several 
of our brothers who received their degrees of Ph. D. and A. B. 
last June. We have received an addition to our ranks in the per- 
son of Bro. Henry E Crook, A. B., Ohio Wesleyan '90, who 
comes to pursue graduate work in physics, mathematics and elec- 
tricity. 

We have pledged several men whom we will introduce in our 
next letter, and by hard work among the Freshman class, which 
will probably number about one hundred, we hope to equal, if not 
exceed, our membership of last year. 

This year we have moved into a chapter house, a novel under- 
taking, and one full of experiences for us. It is situated about six 
blocks from the University; is large and roomy and well suited for 
the purpose. Several of our brothers from out of town have en- 
gaged rooms and we are prepared to quarter any Phi Gams, who 
may come to Johns Hopkins this term. 

Bro. James E. Carr, Jr., of the Southern Alumni Association, 
aided us very materially in hunting a house, and it was largely 
through his efforts that we were able to find such agreeable 
quarters. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 3*3 

Our dances, which we inaugurated last year with so much suc- 
cess, we will continue this season with increased comfort, owing 
to the unlimited amount of room at our disposal. 

Bro. Kohler, who received his degree of Ph. D. in June, has ac- 
cepted a position in chemistry at Bryn Mawr. 

Bro. John Phelps will not be able to return to the University, 
owing to the condition of his eyes. 

Bro. Charles Phelps, who, as stated in our last letter, was going 
South, has declined the offer and will be with us again. 

Bro. Foster leaves us to study law at the Maryland University. 

Beta Mu hopes to turn out a goodly delegation at the Philadel- 
phia Convention, which has been placed so conveniently near us. 

We extend a cordial invitation to all to visit us in our new home 
at 935 McCullah street. Fraternally yours, 

John W. Corning. 

DELTA XI. 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 

Though some of our brothers here are discouraged as to the 
prospects of J. S. for the ensuing year, I can with the very large 
majority affirm that the Berkeley Chapter of 0. /'. J has nothing to 
apprehend for the future. We have taken in but few men this 
term, and it is on this account that some of our more cautious 
members shake their heads and advise a general reorganization and 
revivifying of our rushing system. But this momentary halt in the 
progress of J. 2. was to be expected sooner or later, for until now 
our growth has been not only uninterrupted but phenomenally rapid. 
Possibly if this had continued, it might have become a growth of un- 
natural, unhealthy rapidity, and it can do us no harm to pause for 
a moment and, checking the upward tendency of our growth, take 
a deeper and stronger root. We are looking forward to a large 
contingent from '97, and the slack season of this year will only 
give us greater opportunity of economizing our energies for the 
next. We have recule pour mieux saute. This halt in the stream of 
our progress is but a damming up of energy and power rather than 
a stagnation in the current itself. 

We lost last year by graduation Bros. Turner, Blood, Palmer, 
O'Brien, and Molloy. 



314 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

The chapter has had to deplore the death of Bro. Molloy's 
mother, upon whose decease suitable resolutions were drawn up 
and recorded. 

Bros. Molloy and Turner have accepted principalships in the 
high schools of two of our neighboring cities. 

Our Stanford Chapter will hold its formal house opening on the 
4th inst. Fraternally, 

Frank Norris. 

GAMMA PHI. 

PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLGE. 

Fraternity enthusiasm is high at the Pennsylvania State College. 
No less than six good fraternities are now thriving in the beautiful 
Nittany Valley, and three of these have within the last year become 
occupants of very comfortable houses. Gamma Phi's house stands 
on a small hill, and to the East, South and West, within a radius 
of 200 feet are located three other "fiat" houses. Never to be 
undone by the enthusiasm of new chapters, Gamma Phi has again 
displayed its active love for Phi Gamma Delta by the internal adorn- 
ment of its much admired home. 

The members who returned at the opening of the scholastic year 
have "taken off their coats," as it were, to fight for all that is best 
for the success of the chapter. 

We lost three worthy fraters by graduation, C. E. Aull, Pitts- 
burg, C. Hildebrand, of Philadelphia, and C. H. Hile, who has 
gone to the University of Wisconsin, where he was elected to a 
fellowship. We have also lost C. K. Cartwright who failed to re- 
turn to the college. We have gained two good members in Robert 
M. Girvin, '96, of Philadelphia, and J. C. Trout, '96, of Tyrone. 
Several new men have been selected for further consideration and 
will be made welcome at the rooms of Gamma Phi. We have four 
men on the foot-ball team, and among them is the stalwart Healy 
as captain. 

We miss the sincere counseling of Frater G. W. Downing, who 
left us to complete his studies in Electrical Science. Downing is a 
charter member of Gamma Phi and always had a fatherly care over 
Delta's interests. He is now at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, where he expects to remain for one year. Frater Butz has 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 315 

left the Delta board where he dined for two years, and enjoyed 
the warm fellowship of Phi Gams, to enter his new home and en- 
joy the pleasures of married life. 

With best wishes for the success of sister chapters, Gamma Phi 
sends warmest fraternal greetings through the Quarterly. 

Most sincerely, 

Geo. C. Butz. 

IOTA MU. 

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY. 

As Tech. opened on the 26th of September, we have only just 
got together, and in consequence have little to report. 

We commence the year with thirteen men, and as the Freshman 
class is larger than ever before we expect in a short time to add 
several new men to our roll, and hope to get the pick of '96 as we 
did of '95. Since college began we have been very busy looking 
up new rooms, and have our eyes on several places, the best of 
which we shall take. 

At the annual election of officers we carried the day by electing 
from our men the president and the vice-president from the Junior 
and Sophomore classes. Our chapter lost live men last year through 
graduation and other causes, but at present our prospects are very 
good. Russell Sturgis. 

ZETA PHI. 

WILLIAM JEWELL COLLEGE. 

We have just begun what promises to be the brightest year in 
the history of the college. Dr, J. P. Greene has assumed the 
duties of president, and under his leadership William Jewell is 
destined to become one of the strongest educational institutions in 
the West. 

Our chapter is determined to keep pace with the college. Seve- 
ral of our best men have returned this year, their love for Phi 
Gamma Delta strengthened by absence. We are in better condi- 
tion than for some time- past; and hope seems to be holding out 
to us the crown of success in all laudable rivalry. 

We are glad to see the ardor with which our Quarterly urges 
the chapters to be conservative in the selection of men. Is it not 



316 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

probable that we may at times emphasize a man's social qualifica- 
tions a little too much ? To entitle a man to membership in <P. 
r. J. he ought to possess sterling mental and moral worth. In the 
rivalry between local chapters we are sometimes apt to hurry 
things too much and not wait for the establishment of some record 
as a student. We cannot afford to carry any dead weights. With 
our present high standing as a fraternity let conservatism be the 
watchword. What matters it if occasionally we lose a good man ? 
By subjecting each man who dons the Delta purple to a most care- 
ful scrutiny we will acquire a trenchant force that will be resist- 
less. 

Zeta Phi sends fraternal greeting to all Deltas. We wish we 
could feeKthe warm hand-clasp of all, but as the next best thing 
we take advantage of the Quarterly as a medium through which 
to send greeting. Again telling you that Zeta Phi is working 
nobly, with hope and promise on every side, I am 

Yours in <P. /'. J., 

W. J. Williamson. 

MU SIGMA. 

UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA. 

The new college year begins at the University of Minnesota with 
about 1,500 students. The erection of the new Medical building 
brings the doctors upon the same grounds with the rest of the insti- 
tution and very materially improves the appearance of the Campus. 

Mu Sigma isln jhe swim along with the seventeen other fra- 
ternities. We have initiated three men, Frank E. Reidhead, '93 ; 
C.A.Ballard, '94, ^and Benjamin Wells, '95. '96 will be heard 

from later. 

We have had a windfall in the person of Bro. Austin Burt, late 
of Kappa Nu chapter. He is registered in the Electrical Engi- 
neers' course here, and is a member of Mu Sigma. 

Bro. Rask, of Lambda Deuteron, is in the city. He expects to 
be in the University and an active member of Mu Sigma. 

We" are very glad to have with us again Bros. Robert Glasby and 
Selden Crockett, both of whom were obliged to leave us last year 
on account of sickness. Bro. Selover who is at present Secretary 
of the Young Men's Republican Club will enter the law depart- 
ment after election. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 317 

Bro. A. E. Huntington is rejoicing over the prospect of Pi Beta 
Nu, of which he is a member, soon being Phi Beta Kappa. 

Bros. G. L. Huntington, Reidhead and Burt sing tenor for the 
Glee Club; and Bros. Adams and Campbell are members of the 
University Band. Bro. Berkey, '92, is a Fellow in Geology and 
Instructor in Mineralogy. 

We are now nicely located at our new quarters, 628, 15th ave, 
South East Minneapolis, where Phi Gams will always find our 
latch-string out. J. E. Phillips. 

PI. 

ALLEGHENY COLLEAE. 

During the past summer Pi chapter was well represented at 
Chautauqua, also several of our boys rusticated in the Adirondacks. 
Upon coming back to college we found ourselves to number nine 
brothers, but our number was soon cut down to eight by Bro. Ber- 
lin leaving to attend Medical College. Our rushing efforts 
were rewarded in obtaining five Freshmen, whom we take pleasure 
in introducing to the fraternity at large: Bros. J. B. Townley, S. P. 
Schiek, and W. W. Wilson, of Meadville, Pa.; C. F. Crane, Gar- 
rettsville, O., and N. B. Madden, Huntington, Pa. Our chapter 
house, so desirably located upon the edge of the campus, is a great 
drawing card in the securing of new material as we captured most 
of our brothers after having received invitations from other fra- 
ternities. 

In the recent elections #. T. J. scored very well. Bro. Heydrick 
was chosen editor-in-chief of the Campus, with Bros. Virtue and 
Murphy literary editors. In the Senior class Bro. Danforth is 
president and Bro. Patchin ladder orator. Bro. Townley gained 
the presidency of the Freshman class. On the base ball team five 
positions are held by 0. T. J. boys. 

In a competition of literary talent held at Chautauqua during th e 
summer in which over two hundred persons were interested, Bro. 
Heydrick took the gold medal on his essay on American Literature. 

Bro. Patchin captured the Inter-Society Declamation Contest 
during Commencement week, thus securing his second honor of 
the year in declaiming. On Tuesday, September 28, we gave our 
first informal, and it proved a grand success. It would be hard to 



318 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

find a more congenial set of boys than Pi chapter, and indications 
point to one of the most pleasant years in its history. We would 
be glad to receive a visit from our Section Chief or any 0. Fs. 
who may chance this way. Trusting that the coming convention 
will bring together many Deltas and be a grand success. 

I remain very fraternally yours, 

John L. Danforth. 

RHO CHI. 

RICHMOND COLLEGE. 

Rho Chi is happy to again greet her sister chapters and report 
" AH*s well." Although Rho Chi returned with only two men, we 
were determined to keep our old chapter in her place. At the be- 
ginning of the session we had five new men come in strongly 
recommended, and Bros. Bradshaw, '94; Lyne, '93; Broaddus, 
'92; Snarles, '91, and Etchison, '90, reported for "scalp work." 

The result of our labors is three men initiated, with good pros- 
pects of three more shortly. Our initiation took place last night, 
and we are proud to introduce to the fraternity Bros. Ernest M. 
Long and John W. Bates, of Richmond, and J. Garnett King, of 
Fredericksburg, Va. They are all excellent men and bid fair to 
hold up Rho Chi to her standard. After the initiation we repaired 
to the banquet hall, where mirth and songs, along with the deli- 
cacies of the season, whiled away several hours. Among those 
present were: Bros. Kirk Parrish, 0. 9 '80; John G. Winston, /'. X., 
'89; W. E. Darnall, Z. J., '90; J. F. Nicholas, J. J., '91; Morris 
Christian, J. J., '88, and W. Perrick Shelton, 0. 9 '91, and P. X., 
'90. 

Our club rooms at college have been added to, our library en- 
larged, and everything points to a pleasant and successful year. 

Bro. W. Penick Shelton, 0., '92 and P. -V., '90, is training and 
will play on the college foot ball team. As his reputation in this 
line is well known, nothing need be said. He is also a regular 
attendant at our meetings and is a valuable acquisition. 

Bro. Morris Christian, J. J., '88, also attends our meetings and 
is always on hand when work is needed. 

Before the next issue we hope to add to our number three men, 
all of whom are being rushed by other fraternities. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 3 if 

Rho Chi expects to be represented at our annual convention. 
With fraternal greeting and best wishes for all sister chapters, 
and the editor of the Quarterly, I remain 

Fraternally yours, 

John E. Etchison, Jr. 

PI IOTA. 

WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE. 

We take great pleasure in informing our sister chapters of our 
success in securing a chapter house. Upon our return to college 
we found the house committee had secured one of the most com- 
fortable houses to be desired. The house consists of three floors. 
On the first are two large parlors in which we hold our meetings. 
Back of these is the dining-room. On the other two floors are 
large sleeping rooms and bath room. We were also fortunate in 
obtaiming one of the best cooks in the city, he being accustomed 
to the work of chapter houses, having catered for 9. J. X. at Yale 
for a number of years. 

We have thus far taken in no new men this year, but one has 
been pledged and a number are being talked of at our meetings. 
Perhaps a few details in regard to our way of running our house 
may be a benefit to some of our sister chapters. In the first place we 
were fortunate in securing a furnished house, which we leased for a 
year and let the rooms to the fellows at what price will meet our 
monthly expenses. The table is not run by the chapter, we hav- 
ing no care of that whatever. So much a week is paid for board 
and the caterer makes whatever profit he can, besides getting a 
salary for taking care of the house. 

Foot-ball seems to be the only attraction at the university now. 
The team has not yet been picked, but many of the old men will 
resume their former positions. Bros. Cushman and Parks are 
good men and will probably keep their old places, but the later 
having injured himself in practice will be unable to play again this 
season. Cushman will play full back against Amherst Saturday. 

Fraternally yours, 

R. W. Emerson. 



320 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

LAMBDA SIGMA. 

LELAND STANFORD JR. UNIVERSITY. 

A new term has begun and the prospects of Lambda Sigma for 
a bright successful year are flattering indeed. This is a time in 
our history ever to be remembered, for we have taken the re- 
sponsibility of building and furnishing a Chapter House, and have 
found that here thrown into immediate associations with our chosen 
friends, does the true fraternal spirit show itself. We will not de- 
scribe the house and how we obtained it in this issue, but in the 
next we hope to have cuts and description inserted. 

We have been very successful this year in the way of new mem- 
bers, obtaining just the men of our liking without a single refusal. 
Tom Watson, '95, is the cornet player of the University. Guy 
Cochrane, '96, comes from the Lawrenceville school, New Jersey, 
where he played " tackle M on the foot ball team. He will undoubt- 
edly have the same place on the University eleven. His home is 
in Los Angelos. Fred Flint, '96, is also from Lawrenceville and 
Los Angelos and was on the athletic team of his school. E. Conde 
Jones,'96, is from Phillips Exeter and played "end" on theireleven; 
his chances are good for his same place here. He is manager of 
his class team. Will and Louis McLaine, '96, are from Brewer's 
Military Academy of this state. Will is a splendid pitcher, and is 
manager of his class nine. Lou catches for his brother, and is in 
training for a place on the University eleven. Graham Babcock, 
'96, is from Coronado, San Diego county. We have with us this 
year one man from the Berkeley chapter. Percy O'Brien. One 
more man is pledged, and we expect to give him a chance to ride 
the goat in the near future. 

On the 14th of October we give our "house-warming." It is 
to be a formal party. A swell time is anticipated by the boys. 

There are 700 students in the University this year. The stan- 
dard of admission has been raised much higher, and over 200 ap- 
plications were rejected, thereby admitting a splendid Freshman 
class. The stubents run two papers this year — a newspaper, the 
Daily Palo Alto, and a literary magazine, the Sequoia. On the 
whole the University is in a very flourishing condition, and our 
chapter is keeping good pace with it. 

Chas. C. Hughes. 



CHAPTER CORRESPONDENCE. 321 

THETA PSI. 1 

COLGATE UNIVERSITY. 

At the begining of a new college year we are pleased to report 
that all our men, except those leaving college for a Seminary 
course have returned in good health and give excellent accounts of 
their summer vacation. Since our return Theta Psi has added 
three worthy freshmen to the number, which now makes seventeen 
in all. 

Much interest is taken in furnishing and refitting our hall, into 
which we moved last year. 

The university has been very successful in securing additional 
professors: A. P. Brigham, professor of Geology and Natural His- 
tory; Ralph W. Thomas, librarian; F. C. French, department of 
Philosophy; G. W. Smith, department of History; E. T. Nichols, 
professor of Physics; C. H. A. Wager, instructor in Latin. 

We congratulate our university board in making so much prog- 
ress toward university extension. 

It is the wish of your scribe that our chapters may become more 
acquainted with one another by personal visits, and thus unite our 
fraternity into one close bond of fidelity and fellowship. We 
would be pleased to receive visits from any brothers of the fra- 
ternity. Yours, 

W. V. Bacon. 



&(OTES A^D COMMENTS. 



It is with considerable chagrin that we note the fact that the 
young alumni of 0. V. J. are the least cordial in the support of the 
Quarterly. It seems to require about three years' distance from 
active membership to bring a man to a realizing sense of his needs. 
We trust that each one of the one hundred and fifty members who 
left college last year will permit us to enroll him as a subscriber 
and will along with this enlist the interest of some fellow Delta. 

* * * 

We will not announce the amounts due upon our books from 
Alumni subscribers. It is sufficiently pitiful to state that the re- 
turns from this source for the past year would scarce pay our 
incidental expenses. We aim to have every member receive the 
benefit of the Quarterly and expect remittance from only those 

who can easily afford it. 

* * * 

Our usually tranquil spirit occasionally receives a rude shock. 

Note the following chilling response to a dun from a chapter 

which has received its full quota of Quarterlies for a year, and 

which overflows (in Chapter Correspondence) with enthusiasm for 

the fraternity. We omit personal mention, but the letter is but 

characteristic of a few which we receive: 

" Dear Brother: I was ordered by our chapter to tell you that you should 
not send the usual amount of Quarterlies, but only send one. 

" Very fraternally yours, 



»> 



Tlte College Fraternity reached our table too late for review in 
this issue of the Quarterly, although we have availed ourselves of 
some of its eclectic contents in other departments of this issue. 
If the number before us is a precursor of what is to follow, we give 
this valuable addition to our table most hearty welcome and await 
its monthly appearance with quickened interest. The advent of 
this new candidate for favor renders it possible for each of our 
chapters to secure what is best in each of our contem- 



NOTES AND COMMENTS. 323 

poraries' larders, and we can in no better way congratulate the 
projectors of the new venture than to commend the publication to 
each of our chapters. The editorial department is in charge of 
Eugene H. L. Randolph, P. O. Box 1398, New York, formerly 
editor of the Scroll of 0. J. #., while Frederick M. Crossett, P. O. 
Box 2887, presides over the business affairs. Mr. Crossett has for 
years managed the Delta Upsilon Quarterly , and from the liberal 
advertising of the present issue, we infer that the experiment bids 
fair to become a permanent success. The price of subscription is 
$2 per volume of ten issues. We again urge our chapters to thug 
place themselves in connection with the outside world through this 

unique clearing house. 

* * * 

The editor possesses a few files of the last three volumes of the 
Quarterly. These are at the disposal of any chapter which may 
desire them, either to complete existing sets or to add to their 
chapter library. They will be sent post paid on receipt of twenty- 
five cents per volume for postage. 

* * * 

In the past we have been favored with the receipt of several col- 
lege publications. These are of vast service to us in preparing 
Greek notes and Personals. 

We trust the C. E. or Iota of each chapter will see that the 
Quarterly is placed upon the exchange list of your college per- 
iodical. Marked copies are always appreciated. 

What is said above regards periodicals applies equally well to 
Annuals. The Sequoia and Campus already adorn our table. 

* * * 

Our past arrangement with the 0. K. V. Shield and J. T. Quarterly 
still holds good. By this arrangement these magazines are availabe 
to our chapters at the rate of 75 cents per volume. Although un- 
authorized to do so, we can probably promise similar arrangements 
with 0. J. 9. Scroll, the K. A. Journal, J. A'. E. Quarterly, the 
Beta Theta Pi and Sigma Chi Quarterly, any one of which we can 
commend to your chapter libraries. In order to stimulate inter- 
fraternity exchange the 0. /'. J., Quarterly is available to any 
member of another organization at the uniform rate of 75 cents. 



324 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

A word with the Alumni readers of the Quarterly, at this, the 
close of the fraternity year. In the past we have refrained from dis- 
figuring the pages of the Quarterly with appeals for subscrip- 
tions, prefering to reach our readers by direct correspondence. 
We do not now intend to transgress this rule, further than to inti- 
mate that subscriptions are now due. The Quarterly is in a 
measure dependant upon your support, and we trust a generous 
response will meet our efforts to furnish a publication which will 
be indispensible to you. We do not ask a gratuitous gift, but aim 
to give a quid pro quo, to be the connecting link between you and 
the college world as well as your own chapter. To accomplish 
this we desire, first, subscriptions; second, personal notices, both 
of yourself and fellow Deltas. 



HELLENIC HAPPENINGS. 



Alpha Phi unfurled its banner in the University of Michigan in 
the closing days of the last college year. 

Ex-President Charles K. Adams, late of Cornell University, has 
been called to the Presidency of the University of Wisconsin. 

Kappa Alpha (S. Q.) at Johns Hopkins, but scarce a twelve- 
month old, has already formulated plans for entering a chapter 
house. 

Dr. Richard T. Ely, late of Johns Hopkins University, has been 
chosen for the headship of the newly organized Department of 
Political Science at the University of Wisconsin. 

The Zeta Psi Club, of New York, has moved its quarters to 43 
West Thirty-second street. It is the former home of Mrs. Liver- 
more, who was recently married to the Baron de Selliere. The 
club has bought most of the furnishings and fittings in the house 
and is making it one of the most attractive and cozy of the smaller 
club houses of the city. — Delta Upsilon Quarterly. 

The Columbia College Seniors of last year's class organized at 
the close of the year a society modeled somewhat after the " Bones" 
and "Keys " at Yale. The membership is limited and the aim of 
the society is said to be the advancement of Columbia's interests. 
The Ax and Coffin formerly aimed at some such distinction, but 
was short-lived. Bros. Brightman and Chrystie were among its 
originators. 

Dr. J. M. Buckley, of the New York Christian Advocate > than 
whom no more staunch friend of the fraternity system exists, 
in reply to the query, addressed to him in a Chautauqua Question 
Box, "Do you believe in college secret societies ?" replied: "I 
do most emphatically. I received more good from my connection 
with my fraternity than from my four years in college." How 
many more of us could say " Amen " to that sentiment! 



326 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

We regret with Beta Theta Pi over the complications which, 
through no mismanagement of its own, the society has been im- 
plicated in at Chautauqua. For several years past dishonest stewards 
are said to have mulcted the trustees, who controlled the club and 
during the past summer a prominent Beta Theta Pi acknowledged 
to the writer that it was advertised for sale and would have to be 
disposed of in settlement of a mortgage claim of $18,000, held by 
Mr. Seamens, of Cleveland, O., a member of the fraternity at 
one time prominent in its counsels. 

Of the Democratic and Republican candidates for President and 
Vice-president two are graduates of the same University and 
two are members of the same Greek letter fraternity. The alma 
mater oi Benjamin Harrison and WhitelawReid is Miami University, 
Ohio. The former joined Phi Delta Theta and the latter Delta 
Kappa Epsilon while in college. A. E. Stevenson joined Phi Delta 
Theta while attending Centre College, Kentucky, in 1857. Grover 
Cleveland was not a college man, but was elected an honorary mera- 
of Sigma Chi on the occasion of his visit to the University of Michi- 
gan last February — K. A . Journal. 

The fifty-eighth annual convention of Psi Upsilon was held 
with the Columbia chapter in New York, in the early part of May. 
Toward the close of the banquet, several delegates became so ex- 
hilarated by the "Psi Upsilon Champagne" that it was with great 
difficulty that William H. Draper, M. D., the toast-master, could 
be heard. So loud was the shouting and laughter that some of the 
speakers paused to inquire of the delegates whether it was their in- 
tention to listen at all. One speaker assisted in expelling one or 
two especially noisy delegates. — Delta Upsilon Quarterly. 

In 1855, while Whitelaw Reid was a senior at Miami he was a 
candidate for an oratorical position in one of the literary societies 
and was supported by six of the twelve members of Delta Kappa 
Epsilon, who had gone into a caucus. These six included those 
who had possession of the fraternity's constitution and the chap- 
ter's charter. The other six, rather than submit to the Reid fac- 
tion, withdrew from the fraternity and organized Sigma Chi. The 
constitution of the new fraternity having been stolen and been 



HELLENIC HAPPENINGS. 327 

made public, another constitution was framed and the name of 
Sigma Chi adopted. — Kappa Alpha Journal. 

Few chapters of any fraternity can boast such a past as the Alpha 
Chapter of J. T. J. at Allegheny College. For years its member- 
ship was representative of wealth, social standing and scholarship. 
During this period of prosperity it was the governing body of the 
fraternity, published the Crescent and was in every respect a model 
chapter. In the face of such a past it is sad to record its practical 
demise. But one member has returned to college, and the failure 
to increase this number has caused the charter to lapse. 

It is to be hoped the inaction will be but temporary and with its 
strong local Alumni it is probable that the chapter will be reor- 
ganized. None would greet such a move more heartily than the 
Quarterly, for a chapter with such a glorious past deserves to 
live. Mr. VV. L. McClurg, for years President of the Fraternity, 
was a member of this chapter. 

A novel and unique experiment dawned upon the Hellenic world 
at Allegheny College a few mornings since, when a new organization 
announced through the pages of the local papers the advent of the 
Christian Brotherhood. The new society, though avowed anti-fra- 
ternity in its aims and purposes, possesses all the characteristics of 
the organizations which it aims to combat. Secresy is imposed, 
methods of rushing are adopted similar to those in vogue in the 
Greek letter societies and in politics and college affairs it aims to 
make its influence felt in various ways. The projector is an ex- 
<P. A. '/'*, whose religious convictions led him to sever his connec- 
tions in order that he might enter a broader field of usefulness. 
The new society numbers twenty men, and through the generosity 
of a local minister, it has been able to secure and furnish com- 
fortable quarters, so that it partakes in every sense of a college fra- 
ternity, lacking only the name. It is an interesting complication to 
note, that while the organization refuses admission even to its rooms 
of frat. men, it contains in its membership several members of 
0. N. E. 9 an organization of anything but savory reputation at Al. 
legheny. 



REVIEWS. 



Political journalism has struck a higher altitude in the Republi- 
can Magazine, the first three issues of which lie before us. The 
magazine aims to be the literary exponent of " Protectionism, 
Reciprocity and Sound Money/' and the efforts of the editor ap- 
pear to have met with an unusual share of success. The venture 
is new and unique, and the early numbers have maintained a rather 
high literary excellence. 

The September issue of the American Journal of Politics, under 
the editorship of Andrew J. Palm, continues the high standard of 
excellence for which previous numbers had prepared us. 

The new venture aims essentially to become an exponent of 
social and political problems and the editor's wide knowledge in 
sociological research, and ripe scholarship in the field of anthropo- 
logy is an omen insuring the public that the much neglected topics 
of penology, social science and the treatment of dependent classes 
of all kinds, will receive attention more commensurate with its im- 
portance than it has in the past. 

The number before us contains timely articles by Dr. David A. 
Wells, Theodore Cox, C. H. Reeve and others, as well as by the 
editor himself, which speaks for the high grade of the publication. 

The North American- Review for September is charged with arti- 
cles by distinguished writers, covering a wide range of the thought 
and activities of the day. Indeed, this Review, by means of 
papers from those whose words are recognized as authoritative, is 
eminently successful in giving to the public an analytic and thor- 
oughly satisfactory discussion of all significant movements; and in 
this view its pages are indispensable to the student of the times. 
Thus, the " Homestead Strike " is considered by the Hon. William 
C. Oates, Chairman of the Congressional View Investigating Com- 
mittee, in " A Congressional View"; by the Hon. George Ticknor 
Curtis, in "A Constitutional View"; and by Master-Workman 
T. V. Powderly, in "A Knight of Labor's View ". Gail Hamilton, 



REVIEWS. 329 

in "An Open Letter to the Queen, M makes a strong plea for the 
pardon of Mrs. Maybrick. In "The Erratic National Tariff Plat- 
form of the Democracy" Senator Justin S. Morrill reviews the 
expressions on the tariff made by the party conventions. The Hon. 
W. L. Wilson, has an article on "Tariff Plank at Chicago. M "In- 
nocence Versus Ignorance" is a study in the conduct of the moral 
education of children, by Amelie Rives. The probable procedure 
of the now dominant Liberal party in England, as represented by 
Mr. Gladstone, is set forth by Justin McCarthy. Richard Mans- 
field, gives "A Plain Talk on the Drama," while "Reminiscences 
of John Bright " by his nephew, Charles McLaren, contains some 
delightful anecdotes of this orator and statesman. 

Several other articles on current topics of the day complete this 
most interesting number. 



SOME NEW "BOOKS. 



William Gilmore Simms, by William P. Trent, (American Men 

of Letter Series.) Houghton, Mifflin & Co., New York. 

American indifference to native authors has caused all save biblio- 
graphers, to neglect and suffer to fade almost into oblivion, the name 
of William Gilmore Simms, poet, novelist, statesman and journalist, 
who, with the possible exception of Poe, was the brightest literary 
light of the ante-bellum South. 

A double debt of gratitude do we owe to the editor of this most 
readable series of American Biographies; first, for appreciating the 
true worth of an author mis-estimated by his own age, and second, 
for the intuition which pointed out Professor Trent to delineate 
the character. 

As the author implies, the culture history of the feudal South 
has yet to be written; for the South of Calhoun, Toombs and their 
compatriots was eminently feudal; an anacronism taken root like 
a barnacle on the ship of Democracy. It is as an historian of this 
neglected field that the author is at his best, and it is in those 
chapters which delineate southern social customs, chivalry, the 
life of politics, the plantation and the home that the most abiding 



330 PHI GAMMA DELTA QUARTERLY. 

contribution to our Americana has been made. Much that has 
preceded this bears the stamp of partisanship, but the genial, sym- 
pathetic touch of Professor Trent throws a new light upon the con- 
tentious ante-bellum period. 

The conservative prejudice of the South rendered literature as a 
profession well-nigh impossible, and the political passions of the 
time in which the subject of this sketch lived, naturally inclined 
all men of ability into the legal profession. Like Poe, Simms did 
most of his abiding work in the more mercenary atmosphere of the 
North and it was during his residence there, that his most famous 
novel was produced. As a journalist his career is one of recurring 
ship-wrecks, for the cast-like prejudice of South Carolina refused 
to recognize his genius. 

As a character study, the work is painstaking, and the author 
Simms is shown as he ate, drank and lived with his contemporaries 
and his real nature is portrayed for us. It is this which most 
biographies lack. 

^h *^ ^ 

Equatorial America, Maturin M. Ballon, Houghton, Mifflin & 
Co., New York. 

The latest work from the pen of that versatile traveler and de- 
scriptive writer, Mr. Ballou, treats of that portion of Spanish 
America which the political complications of the past twelve months 
have rendered peculiarly of interest to American readers. The 
author, whose previous works of travel have given him wide popu- 
lar distinction, brings to his work that peculiar narrative ability 
which rendered his Due West so popular, and with this the wide 
traveled experience and knowledge with which to lighten up the 
tedium of local description. 

The work makes no pretense of detailing institutions and politi- 
cal characteristics, but deals almost wholly with what we may call 
the familiar domestic habits, with methods of business, and above 
all vivid nature pen paintings of the places visited, which include 
St. Thomas, Martinique, Barbadoes and the principal capitals o* 
South America. 

The work is most pertinent in point of time, and forms a nu  
important addition to the descriptive literature of these coun* 
which are fast demanding greater attention from commercial, po 
litical and institutional reasons. 



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