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" No war of classes, no hostility to existing wealth, no wanton 
or unjust violation of the rights of property, but a constant dis- 
position to ameliorate the condition of the classes least favored 
by fortune." MAZZINI. 




Copyright, 1912 by 


This book is dedicated to the unhappy 
many who have lived and died lacking 
opportunity, because, in the starting, 
the world-wide social structure was 
wrongly begun. 






















XX CIVIL WAR BEGINS ....... 122 










XXX A NEW CODE OF LAWS . lfc m m i.. .. 172 






XXXIV SELWYN'S STORY , . . .. . . 191 










LIVING . 254 




XLIX UNEVEN ODDS . . . . \ . . 277 








IN the year 1920, the student and the statesman 
saw many indications that the social, financial and 
industrial troubles that had vexed the United 
States of America for so long a time were about to 
culminate in civil war. 

Wealth had grown so strong, that the few were 
about to strangle the many, and among the great 
masses of the people, there was sullen and rebellious 

The laborer in the cities, the producer on the farm, 
the merchant, the professional man and all save or- 
ganized capital and its satellites, saw a gloomy and 
hopeless future. 

With these conditions prevailing, the graduation 
exercises of the class of 1920 of the National Military 
Academy at West Point, held for many a foreboding 



promise of momentous changes, but the 12th of June 
found the usual gay scene at the great institution 
overlooking the Hudson. The President of the Re- 
public, his Secretary of War and many other dis- 
tinguished guests were there to do honor to the oc- 
casion, together with friends, relatives and admirers 
of the young men who were being sent out to the 
ultimate leadership of the Nation's Army. The scene 
had all the usual charm of West Point graduations, 
and the usual intoxicating atmosphere of military 

There was among the young graduating soldiers one 
who seemed depressed and out of touch with the tri- 
umphant blare of militarism, for he alone of his 
fellow classmen had there no kith nor kin to bid him 
God-speed in his new career. 

Standing apart under the broad shadow of an oak, 
he looked out over long stretches of forest and river, 
but what he saw was his home in distant Kentucky 
the old farmhouse that the sun and the rain and 
the lichens had softened into a mottled gray. He saw 
the gleaming brook that wound its way through the 
tangle of orchard and garden, and parted the distant 
blue-grass meadow. 

He saw his aged mother sitting under the honey- 


suckle trellis, book in hand, but thinking, he knew, 
of him. And then there was the perfume of the 
flowers, the droning of the bees in the warm sweet air 
and the drowsy hound at his father's feet. 

But this was not all the young man saw, for Philip 
Dru, in spite of his military training, was a close 
student of the affairs of his country, and he saw that 
which raised grave doubts in his mind as to the out- 
come of his career. He saw many of the civil in- 
stitutions of his country debased by the power of 
wealth under the thin guise of the constitutional pro- 
tection of property. He saw the Army which he 
had sworn to serve faithfully becoming prostituted 
by this same power, and used at times for purposes 
of intimidation and petty conquests where the in- 
terests of wealth were at stake. He saw the great 
city where luxury, dominant and defiant, existed 
largely by grace of exploitation exploitation of 
men, women and children. 

The young man's eyes had become bright and hard, 
when his day-dream was interrupted, and he was look- 
ing into the gray-blue eyes of Gloria Strawn the 
one whose lot he had been comparing to that of her 
sisters in the city, in the mills, the sweatshops, the big 
stores, and the streets. He had met her for the first 


time a few hours before, when his friend and class- 
mate, Jack Strawn, had presented him to his sister. 
No comrade knew Dru better than Strawn, and no one 
admired him so much. Therefore, Gloria, ever seek- 
ing a closer contact with life, had come to West Point 
eager to meet the lithe young Kentuckian, and to 
measure him by the other men of her acquaintance. 

She was disappointed in his appearance, for she 
had fancied him almost god-like in both size and 
beauty, and she saw a man of medium height, slender 
but toughly knit, and with a strong, but homely face. 
When he smiled and spoke she forgot her disappoint- 
ment, and her interest revived, for her sharp city 
sense caught the trail of a new experience. 

To Philip Dru, whose thought of and experience 
with women was almost nothing, so engrossed had he 
been in his studies, military and economic, Gloria 
seemed little more than a child. And yet her frank 
glance of appraisal when he had been introduced to 
her, and her easy though somewhat languid conver- 
sation on the affairs of the commencement, perplexed 
and slightly annoyed him. He even felt some em- 
barrassment in her presence. 

Child though he knew her to be, he hesitated 
whether he should call her by her given name, and 


was taken aback when she smilingly thanked him for 
doing so, with the assurance that she was often bored 
with the eternal conventionality of people in her so- 
cial circle. 

Suddenly turning from the commonplaces of the 
day, Gloria looked directly at Philip, and with easy 
self-possession turned the conversation to himself. 

" I am wondering, Mr. Dru, why you came to 
West Point and why it is you like the thought of 
being a soldier? " she asked. " An American soldier 
has to fight so seldom that I have heard that the 
insurance companies regard them as the best of 
risks, so what attraction, Mr. Dru, can a military 
career have for you? " 

Never before had Philip been asked such a ques- 
tion, and it surprised him that it should come from 
this slip of a girl, but he answered her in the seri- 
ous strain of his thoughts. 

" As far back as I can remember," he said, " I 
have wanted to be a soldier. I have no desire to de- 
stroy and kill, and yet there is within me the lust 
for action and battle. It is the primitive man in me, 
I suppose, but sobered and enlightened by civilization. 
I would do everything in my power to avert war 
and the suffering it entails. Fate, inclination, or 


what not has brought me here, and I hope my life 
may not be wasted, but that in God's own way, I 
may be a humble instrument for good. Oftentimes 
our inclinations lead us in certain directions, and it 
is only afterwards that it seems as if fate may from 
the first have so determined it." 

The mischievous twinkle left the girl's eyes, and 
the languid tone of her voice changed to one a little 
more like sincerity. 

" But suppose there is no war," she demanded, 
" suppose you go on living at barracks here and there, 
and with no broader outlook than such a life entails, 
will you be satisfied? Is that all you have in mind 
to do in the world? " 

He looked at her more perplexed than ever. 
Such an observation of life, his life, seemed beyond 
her years, for he knew but little of the women of his 
own generation. He wondered, too, if she would un- 
derstand if he told her all that was in his mind. 

" Gloria, we are entering a new era. The past is 
no longer to be a guide to the future. A century 
and a half ago there arose in France a giant that 
had slumbered for untold centuries. He knew he 
had suffered grievous wrongs, but he did not know 
how to right them. He therefore struck out blindly 


and cruelly, and the innocent went down with the 
guilty. He was almost wholly ignorant for in the 
scheme of society as then constructed, the ruling few 
felt that he must be kept ignorant, otherwise they 
could not continue to hold him in bondage. For him 
the door of opportunity was closed, and he struggled 
from the cradle to the grave for the minimum of food 
and clothing necessary to keep breath within the body. 
His labor and his very life itself was subject to the 
greed, the passion and the caprice of his over-lord. 

" So when he awoke he could only destroy. Unfor- 
tunately for him, there was not one of the governing 
class who was big enough and humane enough to lend 
a guiding and a friendly hand, so he was led by weal* 
and selfish men who could only incite him to further 
wanton murder and demolition. 

" But out of that revelry of blood there dawned 
upon mankind the hope of a more splendid day. The 
divinity of kings, the God-given right to rule, was 
shattered for all time. The giant at last knew his 
strength, and with head erect, and the light of free- 
dom in his eyes, he dared to assert the liberty, equality 
and fraternity of man. Then throughout the West- 
ern world one stratum of society after another de- 
manded and obtained the right to acquire wealth and 


to share in the government. Here and there one 
bolder and more forceful than the rest acquired great 
wealth and with it great power. Not satisfied with 
reasonable gain, they sought to multiply it beyond all 
bounds of need. They who had sprung from the 
people a short life span ago were now throttling indi- 
vidual effort and shackling the great movement for 
equal rights and equal opportunity." 

Dru's voice became tense and vibrant, and he talked 
in quick sharp jerks. 

" Nowhere in the world is wealth more defiant, and 
monopoly more insistent than in this mighty republic," 
he said, " and it is here that the next great battle 
for human emancipation will be fought and won. 
And from the blood and travail of an enlightened 
people, there will be born a spirit of love and brother- 
hood which will transform the world; and the Star 
of Bethlehem, seen but darkly for two thousand years, 
will shine again with a steady and effulgent glow." 



LONG before Philip had finished speaking, Gloria 
saw that he had forgotten her presence. With 
glistening eyes and face aflame he had talked 
on and on with such compelling force that she beheld 
in him the prophet of a new day. 

She sat very still for a while, and then she reached 
out to touch his sleeve. 

" I think I understand how you feel now," she said 
in a tone different from any she had yet used. " I 
have been reared in a different atmosphere from you, 
and at home have heard only the other side, while 
at school they mostly evade the question. My 
father is one of the * bold and forceful few ' as per- 
haps you know, but he does not seem to me to want 
to harm anyone. He is kind to us, and charitable 
too, as that word is commonly used, and I am sure he 
has done much good with his money." 

" I am sorry, Gloria, if I have hurt you by what 
I said," answered Dru. 



" Oh ! never mind, for I am sure you are right," 
answered the girl, but Philip continued 

" Your father, I think, is not to blame. It is the 
system that is at fault. His struggle and his en- 
vironment from childhood have blinded him to the 
truth. To those with whom he has come in contact, 
it has been the dollar and not the man that counted. 
He has been schooled to think that capital can buy 
labor as it would machinery, the human equation 
not entering into it. He believes that it would be 
equivalent to confiscation for the State to say 'in re- 
gard to a corporation, labor, the State and capital 
are important in the order named.' Good man that 
he means to be, he does not know, perhaps he can 
never know, that it is labor, labor of the mind and 
of the body, that creates, and not capital." 

" You would have a hard time making Father see 
that," put in Gloria, with a smile. 

" Yes ! " continued Philip, " from the dawn of the 
world until now, it has been the strong against the 
weak. At the first, in the Stone Age, it was brute 
strength that counted and controlled. Then those 
that ruled had leisure to grow intellectually, and it 
gradually came about that the many, by long cen- 
turies of oppression, thought that the intellectual few 


had God-given powers to rule, and to exact tribute 
from them to the extent of commanding every ounce 
of exertion of which their bodies were capable. It 
was here, Gloria, that society began to form itself 
wrongly, and the result is the miserable travesty of 
to-day. Selfishness became the keynote, and to 
physical and mental strength was conceded everything 
that is desirable in life. Later, this mockery of jus- 
tice, was partly recognized, and it was acknowledged 
to be wrong for the physically strong to despoil and 
destroy the physically weak. Even so, the time is 
now measurably near when it will be just as reprehen- 
sible for the mentally strong to hold in subjection the 
mentally weak, and to force them to bear the grievous 
burdens which a misconceived civilization has imposed 
upon them." 

Gloria was now thoroughly interested, but smilingly 
belied it by saying, " A history professor I had 
once lost his position for talking like that." 

The young man barely recognized the interruption. 

" The first gleam of hope came with the advent of 
Christ," he continued. " So warped and tangled had 
become the minds of men that the meaning of Christ's 
teaching failed utterly to reach human comprehen- 
sion. They accepted him as a religious teacher only 


so far as their selfish desires led them. They were 
willing to deny other gods and admit one Creator of 
all things, but they split into fragments regarding the 
creeds and forms necessary to salvation. In the name 
of Christ they committed atrocities that would put 
to blush the most benighted savages. Their very 
excesses in cruelty finally caused a revolution in feel- 
ing, and there was evolved the Christian religion of 
to-day, a religion almost wholly selfish and con- 
cerned almost entirely in the betterment of life after 

The girl regarded Philip for a second in silence, 
and then quietly asked, " For the betterment of whose 
life after death? " 

" I was speaking of those who have carried on only 
the forms of religion. Wrapped in the sanctity of 
their own small circle, they feel that their tiny souls 
are safe, and that they are following the example 
and precepts of Christ. 

" The full splendor of Christ's love, the grandeur 
of His life and doctrine is to them a thing unknown. 
The infinite love, the sweet humility, the gentle char- 
ity, the subordination of self that the Master came 
to give a cruel, selfish and ignorant world, mean but 


little more to us to-day than it did to those to whom 
He gave it." 

" And you who have chosen a military career say 
this," said the girl as her brother joined the pair. 

To Philip her comment came as something of a 
shock, for he was unprepared for these words spoken 
with such a depth of feeling. 

Gloria and Philip Dm spent most of graduation 
day together. He did not want to intrude amongst 
the relatives and friends of his classmates, and he was 
eager to continue his acquaintance with Gloria. To 
the girl, this serious-minded youth who seemed so 
strangely out of tune with the blatant military fan- 
fare, was a distinct novelty. At the final ball she 
almost ignored the gallantries of the young officers, 
in order that she might have opportunity to lead 
Dru on to further self -revelation. 

The next day in the hurry of packing and de- 
parture he saw her only for an instant, but from 
her brother he learned that she planned a visit to the 
new Post on the Rio Grande near Eagle Pass where 
Jack Strawn and Philip were to be stationed after 
their vacation. 

Philip spent his leave, before he went to the new 


Post, at his Kentucky home. He wanted to be with 
his father and mother, and he wanted to read and 
think, so he declined the many invitations to visit. 

His father was a sturdy farmer of fine natural 
sense, and with him Philip never tired of talking when 
both had leisure. 

Old William Dm had inherited nothing save a run- 
down, badly managed, heavily mortgaged farm that 
had been in the family for several generations. By 
hard work and strict economy, he had first built it 
up into a productive property and had then liquidated 
the indebtedness. So successful had he been that 
he was able to buy small farms for four of his 
sons, and give professional education to the other 
three. He had accumulated nothing, for he had given 
as fast as he had made, but his was a serene and con- 
tented old age because of it. What was the hoarding 
of money or land in comparison to the satisfaction 
of seeing each son happy in the possession of a home 
and family? The ancestral farm he intended for 
Philip, youngest and best beloved, soldier though he 
was to be. 

All during that hot summer, Philip and his father 
discussed the ever-growing unrest of the country, and 


speculated when the crisis would come, and how it 
would end. 

Finally, he left his home, and all the associations 
clustered around it, and turned his face towards im- 
perial Texas, the field of his new endeavor. 

He reached Fort Magruder at the close of an 
Autumn day. He thought he had never known such 
dry sweet air. f Just as the sun was sinking, he strolled 
to the bluff around which flowed the turbid waters of 
the Rio Grande, and looked across at the gray hills 
of old Mexico. 



AUTUMN drifted into winter, and then with the 
blossoms of an early spring, came Gloria. 

The Fort was several miles from the station, 
and Jack and Philip were there to meet her. As they 
paced the little board platform, Jack was nervously 
happy over the thought of his sister's arrival, and 
talked of his plans for entertaining her. Philip on 
the other hand held himself well in reserve and gave 
no outward indication of the deep emotion which 
stirred within him. At last the train came and from 
one of the long string of Pullmans, Gloria alighted. 
She kissed her brother and greeted Philip cordially, 
and asked him in a tone of banter how he enjoyed 
army life. Dm smiled and said, " Much better, 
Gloria, than you predicted I would." The baggage 
was stored away in the buck-board, and Gloria got 
in front with Philip and they were off. It was early 
morning and the dew was still on the soft mesquite 
grass, and as the mustang ponies swiftly drew them 



over the prairie, it seemed to Gloria that she had 
awakened in fairyland. 

At the crest of a hill, Philip held the horses for 
a moment, and Gloria caught her breath as she saw 
the valley below. It looked as if some translucent 
lake had mirrored the sky. It was the countless blos- 
soms of the Texas blue-bonnet that lifted their slender 
stems towards the morning sun, and hid the earth. 

Down into the valley they drove upon the most 
wonderfully woven carpet in all the world. Aladdin 
and his magic looms could never have woven a fabric 
such as this. A heavy, delicious perfume permeated 
the air, and with glistening eyes and parted lips, 
Gloria sat dumb in happy astonishment. 

They dipped into the rocky bed of a wet weather 
stream, climbed out of the canyon and found them- 
selves within the shadow of Fort Magruder. 

Gloria soon saw that the social distractions of the 
place had little call for Philip. She learned, too, that 
he had already won the profound respect and liking 
of his brother officers. Jack spoke of him in terms 
even more superlative than ever. " He is a born 
leader of men," he declared, " and he knows more 
about engineering and tactics than the Colonel and 
all the rest of us put together." Hard student 


though he was, Gloria found him ever ready to devote 
himself to her, and their rides together over the bound- 
less, flower studded prairies, were a never ending joy. 
" Isn't it beautiful Isn't it wonderful," she would 
exclaim. And once she said, " But, Philip, happy as 
I am, I oftentimes think of the reeking poverty in 
the great cities, and wish, in some way, they could 
share this with me." Philip looked at her question- 
ingly, but made no reply. 

A visit that was meant for weeks transgressed upon 
the months, and still she lingered. One hot June 
morning found Gloria and Philip far in the hills on 
the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. They had 
started at dawn with the intention of breakfasting 
with the courtly old haciendado, who frequently visited 
at the Post. 

After the ceremonious Mexican breakfast, Gloria 
wanted to see beyond the rim of the little world that 
enclosed the hacienda, so they rode to the end of 
the valley, tied their horses and climbed to the crest 
of the ridge. She was eager to go still further. 
They went down the hill on the other side, through a 
draw and into another valley beyond. 

Soldier though he was, Philip was no plainsman, 
and in retracing their steps, they missed the draw. 


Philip knew that they were not going as they came, 
but with his months of experience in the hills, felt 
sure he could find his way back with less trouble by 
continuing as they were. The grass and the shrubs 
gradually disappeared as they walked, and soon he 
realized that they were on the edge of an alkali desert. 
Still he thought he could swing around into the val- 
ley from which they started, and they plunged steadily 
on, only to see in a few minutes that they were lost. 

"What's the matter, Philip?" asked Gloria. 
"Are we lost?" 

" I hope not, we only have to find that draw." 

The girl said no more, but walked on side by side 
with the young soldier. Both pulled their hats far 
down over their eyes to shield them from the glare 
of the fierce rays of the sun, and did what they could 
to keep out the choking clouds of alkali dust that 
swirled around them at every step. 

Philip, hardened by months of Southwestern serv- 
ice, stood the heat well, except that his eyes ached, 
but he saw that Gloria was giving out. 

" Are you tired ? " he asked. 

" Yes, I am very tired," she answered, " but I can 
go on if you will let me rest a moment." Her voice 
was weak and uncertain and indicated approaching 


collapse. And then she said more faintly, " I am 
afraid, Philip, we are hopelessly lost." 

" Do not be frightened, Gloria, we will soon be out 
of this if you will let me carry you." 

Just then, the girl staggered and would have fallen 
had he not caught her. 

He was familiar with heat prostration, and saw that 
her condition was not serious, but he knew he must 
carry her, for to lay her in the blazing sun would be 

His eyes, already overworked by long hours of 
study, were swollen and bloodshot. Sharp pains shot 
through his head. To stop he feared would be to 
court death, so taking Gloria in his arms, he stag- 
gered on. 

In that vast world of alkali and adobe there was 
no living thing but these two. No air was astir, and 
a pitiless sun beat upon them unmercifully. 

Philip's lips were cracked, his tongue was swollen, 
and the burning dust almost choked him. He began 
to see less clearly, and visions of things he knew to 
be unreal came to him. With Spartan courage and 
indomitable will, he never faltered, but went on. Mi- 
rages came and went, and he could not know whether 
he saw true or not. Then here and there he thought 


he began to see tufts of curly mesquite grass, and in 
the distance surely there were cacti. He knew that 
if he could hold out a little longer, he could lay his 
burden in some sort of shade. 

With halting steps, with eyes inflamed and strength 
all but gone, he finally laid Gloria in the shadow of a 
giant prickly pear bush, and fell beside her. He 
fumbled for his knife and clumsily scraped the needles 
from a leaf of the cactus and sliced it in two. The 
heavy sticky liquid ran over his hand as he placed 
the cut side of the leaf to Gloria's lips. The juice 
of the plant together with the shade, partially re- 
vived her. Philip, too, sucked the leaf until his 
parched tongue and throat became a little more pli- 

" What happened? " demanded Gloria. " Oh ! yes, 
now I remember. I am sorry I gave out, Philip. I 
am not acclimated yet. What time is it ? " 

After pillowing her head more comfortably upon 
his riding coat, Philip looked at his watch. 

"I I can't just make it out, Gloria," he said. 
66 My eyes seem blurred. This awful glare seems to 
have affected them. They'll be all right in a little 

Gloria looked at the dial and found that the hands 


pointed to four o'clock. They had been lost for six 
hours, but after their experiences, it seemed more like 
as many days. They rested a little while longer talk- 
ing but little. 

" You carried me," said Gloria once. " I'm 
ashamed of myself for letting the heat get the best 
of me. You shouldn't have carried me, Philip, but 
you know I understand and appreciate. How are 
your eyes now ? " 

" Oh, they'll be all right," he reiterated, but when 
he took his hand from them to look at her, and the 
light beat upon the inflamed lids, he winced. 

After eating some of the fruit of the prickly pear, 
which they found too hot and sweet to be palatable, 
Philip suggested at half after five that they should 
move on. They arose, and the young officer started 
to lead the way, peeping from beneath his hand. 
First he stumbled over a mesquite bush directly in his 
path, and next he collided with a giant cactus stand- 
ing full in front of him. 

" It's no use, Gloria," he said at last. " I can't 
see the way. You must lead." 

" All right, Philip, I will do the best I can." 

For answer, he merely took her hand, and together 
they started to retrace their steps. Over the track- 


less waste of alkali and sagebrush they trudged. 
They spoke but little but when they did, their husky, 
dust-parched voices made a mockery of their hopeful 

Though the horizon seemed bounded by a low range 
of hills, the girl instinctively turned her steps west- 
ward, and entered a draw. She rounded one of the 
hills, and just as the sun was sinking, came upon 
the valley in which their horses were peacefully 

They mounted and followed the dim trail along 
which they had ridden that morning, reaching the ha- 
cienda about dark. With many shakings of the hand, 
voluble protestations of joy at their delivery from the 
desert, and callings on God to witness that the girl 
had performed a miracle, the haciendado gave them 
food and cooling drinks, and with gentle insistence, 
had his servants, wife and daughters show them to 
their rooms. A poultice of Mexican herbs was laid 
across Philip's eyes, but exhausted as he was he could 
not sleep because of the pain they caused him. 

In the morning, Gloria was almost her usual self, 
but Philip could see but faintly. As early as was 
possible they started for Fort Magruder. His eyes 
were bandaged, and Gloria held the bridle of his horse 


and led him along the dusty trail. A vaquero froi 
the ranch went with them to show the way. 

Then came days of anxiety, for the surgeon at th 
Post saw serious trouble ahead for Philip. He woul 
make no definite statement, but admitted that the bri 
liant young officer's eyesight was seriously menacec 

Gloria read to him and wrote for him, and in man 
ways was his hands and eyes. He in turn talked t 
her of the things that filled his mind. The bettei 
ment of man was an ever-present theme with then 
It pleased him to trace for her the world's histor 
from its early beginning when all was misty traditioi 
down through the uncertain centuries of early ch 
ilization to the present time. 

He talked with her of the untrustworthiness of tli 
so-called history of to-day, although we had ever 
facility for recording facts, and he pointed out ho 1 
utterly unreliable it was when tradition was the onl 
means of transmission. Mediocrity, he felt sure, ha 
oftentimes been exalted into genius, and brilliant an 
patriotic exclamations attributed to great men, wei 
never uttered by them, neither was it easy he though^ 
to get a true historic picture of the human intellects 
giant. As a rule they were quite human, but peop] 
insisted upon idealizing them, consequently they be 


came not themselves but what the popular mind 
wanted them to be. 

He also dwelt on the part the demagogue and 
the incompetents play in retarding the advancement 
of the human race. Some leaders were honest, some 
were wise and some were selfish, but it was seldom that 
the people would be led by wise, honest and unselfish 

" There is always the demagogue to poison the mind 
of the people against such a man," he said, " and it 
is easily done because wisdom means moderation and 
honesty means truth. To be moderate and to tell 
the truth at all times and about all matters seldom 
pleases the masses." 

Many a long day was spent thus in purely imper- 
sonal discussions of affairs, and though he himself did 
not realize it, Gloria saw that Philip was ever at his 
best when viewing the large questions of State, rather 
than the narrower ones within the scope of the mili- 
tary power. 

The weeks passed swiftly, for the girl knew well 
how to ease the young Officer's chafing at uncertainty 
and inaction. At times, as they droned away the 
long hot summer afternoons under the heavily leafed 
fig trees in the little garden of the Strawn bungalow, 


he would become impatient at his enforced idleness. 
Finally one day, after making a pitiful attempt to 
read, Philip broke out, " I have been patient under 
this as long as I can. The restraint is too much. 
Something must be done.'* 

Somewhat to his surprise, Gloria did not try to take 
his mind off the situation this time, but suggested 
asking the surgeon for a definite report on his con- 

The interview with the surgeon was unsatisfactory, 
but his report to his superior officers bore fruit, for 
in a short time Philip was told that he should apply 
for an indefinite leave of absence, as it would be 
months, perhaps years, before his eyes would allow 
him to carry on his duties. 

He seemed dazed at the news, and for a long time 
would not talk of it even with Gloria. After a long 
silence one afternoon she softly asked, " What are 
you going to do, Philip? " 

Jack Strawn, who was sitting near by, broke out 
" Do ! why there's no question about what he is going 
to do. Once an Army man always an Army man. 
He's going to live on the best the U. S. A. provides 
until his eyes are right. In the meantime Philip is 
going to take indefinite sick leave." 


The girl only smiled at her brother's military point 
of view, and asked another question. " How will 
you occupy your time, Philip ? " 

Philip sat as if he had not heard them. 

" Occupy his time ! " exclaimed Jack, " getting well 
of course. Without having to obey orders or do any- 
thing but draw his checks, he can have the time of 
his life, there will be nothing to worry about." 

" That's just it," slowly said Philip. " No work, 
nothing to think about." 

" Exactly," said Gloria. 

" What are you driving at, Sister. You talk as 
if it was something to be deplored. I call it a lark. 
Cheer the fellow up a bit, can't you ? " 

" No, never mind," replied Philip. " There's noth- 
ing to cheer me up about. The question is simply 
this : Can I stand a period of several years' enforced 
inactivity as a mere pensioner? " 

" Yes ! " quickly said Gloria, " as a pensioner, and 
then, if all goes well, you return to this." 

"What do you mean, Gloria? Don't you like 
Army Post life?" asked Jack. 

" I like it as well as you do, Jack. You just 
haven't come to realize that Philip is cut out for a 
bigger sphere than that." She pointed out across 


the parade ground where a drill was going on. " You 
know as well as I do that this is not the age for a 
military career." 

Jack was so disgusted with this, that with an ex- 
clamation of impatience, he abruptly strode off to 
the parade ground. 

" You are right, Gloria," said Philip. " I cannot 
live on a pension indefinitely. I cannot bring 
myself to believe that it is honest to become a 
mendicant upon the bounty of the country. If I 
had been injured in the performance of duty, I would 
have no scruples in accepting support during an en- 
forced idleness, but this disability arose from no 
fault of the Government, and the thought of accept- 
ing aid under such circumstances is too repugnant." 

" Of course," said Gloria. 

" The Government means no more to me than an 
individual," continued Philip, " and it is to be as 
fairly dealt with. I never could understand how 
men with self-respect could accept undeserving pen- 
sions from the Nation. To do so is not alone dis- 
honest, but is unfair to those who need help and have 
a righteous claim to support. If the unworthy were 
refused, the deserving would be able to obtain that 
to which they are entitled." 


Their talk went on thus for hours, the girl ever try- 
ing more particularly to make him see a military 
career as she did, and he more concerned with the 
ethical side of the situation. 

" Do not worry over it, Philip," cried Gloria, " I 
feel sure that your place is in the larger world of af- 
fairs, and you will some day be glad that this mis- 
fortune came to you, and that you were forced 
to go into another field of endeavor. 

" With my ignorance and idle curiosity, I led you 
on and on, over first one hill and then another, until 
you lost your way in that awful desert over there, 
but yet perhaps there was a destiny in that. When 
I was leading you out of the desert, a blind man, it 
may be that I was leading you out of the barrenness 
of military life, into the fruitful field of labor for 

After a long silence, Philip Dm arose and took 
Gloria's hand. 

" Yes ! I will resign. You have already recon- 
ciled me to my fate." 



OFFICERS and friends urged Philip to recon- 
sider his determination of resigning, but once 
decided, he could not be swerved from his 
purpose. Gloria persuaded him to go to New York 
with her in order to consult one of the leading ocu- 
lists, and arrangements were made immediately. 

On the last day but one, as they sat under their 
favorite fig tree, they talked much of Philip's future. 
Gloria had also been reading aloud Sir Oliver Lodge's 
" Science and Immortality," and closing the book 
upon the final chapter, asked Philip what he thought 
of it. 

" Although the book was written many years ago, 
even then the truth had begun to dawn upon the poets, 
seers and scientific dreamers. The dominion of mind, 
but faintly seen at that time, but more clearly now, 
will finally come into full vision. The materialists 
under the leadership of Darwin, Huxley and Wal- 



lace, went far in the right direction, but in trying to 
go to the very fountainhead of life, they came to 
a door which they could not open and which no ma- 
terialistic key will ever open." 

" So, Mr. Preacher, you're at it again," laughed 
Gloria. " You belong to the pulpit of real life, not 
the Army. Go on, I am interested." 

w Well," went on Dru, " then came a reaction, and 
the best thought of the scientific world swung back to 
the theory of mind or spirit, and the truth began to 
unfold itself. Now, man is at last about to enter into 
that splendid kingdom, the promise of which Christ 
gave us when he said, ' My Father and I are one,' and 
again, ' When you have seen me you have seen the 
Father.' He was but telling them that all life was a 
part of the One Life individualized, but yet of and 
a part of the whole. 

" We are just learning our power and dominion 
over ourselves. When in the future children are 
trained from infancy that they can measurably con- 
quer their troubles by the force of mind, a new era 
will have come to man." 

" There," said Gloria, with an earnestness that 
Philip had rarely heard in her, " is perhaps the source 
of the true redemption of the world," 


She checked herself quickly, " But you were 
preaching to me, not I to you. Go on." 

" No, but I want to hear what you were going to 

" You see I am greatly interested in this move- 
ment which is seeking to find how far mind controls 
matter, and to what extent our lives are spiritual 
rather than material," she answered, " but it's hard 
to talk about it to most people, so I have kept it to 
myself. Go on, Philip, I will not interrupt again." 

" When fear, hate, greed and the purely material 
conception of Life passes out," said Philip, " as it 
some day may, and only wholesome thoughts will have 
a place in human minds, mental ills will take flight 
along with most of our bodily ills, and the miracle 
of the world's redemption will have been largely 

" Mental ills will take flight along with bodily ills. 
We should be trained, too, not to dwell upon antici- 
pated troubles, but to use our minds and bodies in an 
earnest, honest endeavor to avert threatened disaster. 
We should not brood over possible failure, for in 
the great realm of the supremacy of mind or spirit 
the thought of failure should not enter." 

" Yes, I know, Philip." 


" Fear, causes perhaps more unhapplness than any 
one thing that we have let take possession of us. 
Some are never free from it. They awake in the 
morning with a vague, indefinite sense of it, and at 
night a foreboding of disaster hands over the to-mor- 
row. Life would have for us a different meaning if 
we would resolve, and keep the resolution, to do the 
best we could under all conditions, and never fear the 
result. Then, too, we should be trained not to have 
such an unreasonable fear of death. The Eastern peo- 
ples are far wiser in this respect than we. They have 
learned to look upon death as a happy transition to 
something better. And they are right, for that is the 
true philosophy of it. At the very worst, can it mean 
more than a long and dreamless sleep? Does not the 
soul either go back to the one source from which it 
sprung, and become a part of the whole, or does it not 
throw off its material environment and continue with 
individual consciousness to work out its final destiny? 

" If that be true, there is no death as we have con- 
ceived it. It would mean to us merely the beginning 
of a more splendid day, and we should be taught that 
every emotion, every effort here that is unselfish and 
soul uplifting, will better fit us for that spiritual ex- 
istence that is to come." 



THE trip north from Fort Magruder was a most 
trying experience for Philip Dru, for although 
he had as traveling companions Gloria and 
Jack Strawn, who was taking a leave of absence, the 
young Kentuckian felt his departure from Texas and 
the Army as a portentous turning point in his career. 
In spite of Gloria's philosophy, and in spite of Jack's 
reassurances, Philip was assailed by doubts as to the 
ultimate improvement of his eyesight, and at the 
same time with the feeling that perhaps after all, 
he was playing the part of a deserter. 

" It's all nonsense to feel cut up over it, you know, 
Philip," insisted Jack. " You can take my word for 
it that you have the wrong idea in wanting to quit 
when you can be taken care of by the Government. 
You have every right to it." 

" No, Jack, I have no right to it," answered Dru, 
" but certain as I am that I am doing the only thing 
I could do, under the circumstances, it's a hard wrench 


to leave the Army, even though I had come to think 
that I can find my place in the world out of the serv- 

The depression was not shaken off until after they 
had reached New York, and Philip had been told by 
the great specialist that his eyesight probably never 
again would pass the Army tests. Once convinced 
that an Army career was impossible, he resigned, and 
began to reconstruct his life with new hope and with 
a new enthusiasm. While he was ordered to give his 
eyes complete rest for at least six months and re- 
main a part of every day in a darkened room, he was 
promised that after several months, he probably would 
be able to read and write a little. 

As he had no relatives in New York, Philip, after 
some hesitation, accepted Jack Strawn's insistent in- 
vitation to visit him for a time, at least. Through 
the long days and weeks that followed, the former 
young officer and Gloria were thrown much together. 

One afternoon as they were sitting in a park, a 
pallid child of ten asked to " shine " their shoes. In 
sympathy they allowed him to do it. The little fellow 
had a gaunt and hungry look and his movements were 
very sluggish. He said his name was Peter Turner 
and he gave some squalid east side tenement district 


as his home. He said that his father was dead, his 
mother was bedridden, and he, the oldest of three 
children, was the only support of the family. He got 
up at five and prepared their simple meal, and did 
what he could towards making his mother comfortable 
for the day. By six he left the one room that shel- 
tered them, and walked more than two miles to where 
he now was. Midday meal he had none, and in the 
late afternoon he walked home and arranged their 
supper of bread, potatoes, or whatever else he con- 
sidered he could aif ord to buy. Philip questioned him 
as to his earnings and was told that they varied with 
the weather and other conditions, the maximum had 
been a dollar and fifteen cents for one day, the 
minimum twenty cents. The average seemed around 
fifty cents, and this was to shelter, clothe and feed a 
family of four. 

Already Gloria's eyes were dimmed with tears. 
Philip asked if they might go home with him then. 
The child consented and led the way. 

They had not gone far, when Philip, noticing how 
frail Peter was, hailed a car, and they rode to Grand 
Street, changed there and went east. Midway be- 
tween the Bowery and the river, they got out and 
walked south for a few blocks, turned into a side 


street that was hardly more than an alley, and came 
to the tenement where Peter lived. 

It had been a hot day even in the wide, clean por- 
tions of the city. Here the heat was almost unbear- 
able, and the stench, incident to a congested popula- 
tion, made matters worse. 

Ragged and dirty children were playing in the 
street. Lack of food and pure air, together with 
unsanitary surroundings, had set its mark upon them. 
The deathly pallor that was in Peter's face was char- 
acteristic of most of the faces around them. 

The visitors climbed four flights of stairs, and went 
down a long, dark, narrow hall reeking with disagree- 
able odors, and finally entered ten-year-old Peter 
Turner's " home." 

" What a travesty on the word ' home,' " murmured 
Dru, as he saw for the first time the interior of an 
East Side tenement. Mrs. Turner lay propped in 
bed, a ghost of what was once a comely woman. 
She was barely thirty, yet poverty, disease and the 
.city had drawn their cruel lines across her face. 
Gloria went to her bedside and gently pressed the 
fragile hand. She dared not trust herself to speak. 
And this, she thought, is within the shadow of my 
home, and I never knew. " Oh, God," she silently 


prayed, " forgive us for our neglect of such as 

Gloria and Philip did all that was possible for the 
Turners, but their helping hands came too late to do 
more than to give the mother a measure of peace dur- 
ing the last days of her life. The promise of help 
for the children lifted a heavy load from her heart. 
Poor stricken soul, Zelda Turner deserved a better 
fate. When she married Len Turner, life seemed 
full of joy. He was employed in the office of a large 
manufacturing concern, at what seemed to them a 
munificent salary, seventy-five dollars a month. 

Those were happy days. How they saved and 
planned for the future! The castle that they built 
in Spain was a little home on a small farm near a city 
large enough to be a profitable market for their pro- 
duce. Some place where the children could get fresh 
air, wholesome food and a place in which to grow 
up. Two thousand dollars saved, would, they 
thought, be enough to make the start. With this, a 
farm costing four thousand dollars could be bought 
by mortgaging it for half. Twenty-five dollars a 
month saved for six years, would, with interest, bring 
them to their goal. 

Already more than half the sum was theirs. Then 


came disaster. One Sunday they were out for their 
usual walk. It had been sleeting and the pavements 
here and there were still icy. In front of them some 
children were playing, and a little girl of eight darted 
into the street to avoid being caught by a compan- 
ion. She slipped and fell. A heavy motor was al- 
most upon her, when Len rushed to snatch her from 
the on-rushing car. He caught the child, but slipped 
himself, succeeding however in pushing her be- 
yond danger before the cruel wheels crushed out his 
life. The dreary days and nights that followed need 
not be recited here. The cost of the funeral and 
other expenses incident thereto bit deep into their 
savings, therefore as soon as she could pull herself 
together, Mrs. Turner sought employment and got it 
in a large dressmaking establishment at the inade- 
quate wage of seven dollars a week. She was skillful 
with her needle but had no aptitude for design, there- 
fore she was ever to be among the plodders. One 
night in the busy season of overwork before the Christ- 
mas holidays, she started to walk the ten blocks to her 
little home, for car-fare was a tax beyond her purse, 
and losing her weary footing, she fell heavily to the 
ground. By the aid of a kindly policeman she was 
able to reach home, in great suffering, only .to faint 


when she finally reached her room. Peter, who was 
then about seven years old, was badly frightened. 
He ran for their next door neighbor, a kindly German 
woman. She lifted Zelda into bed and sent for a 
physician, and although he could find no other injury 
than a badly bruised spine, she never left her bed until 
she was borne to her grave. 

The pitiful little sum that was saved soon went, and 
Peter with his blacking box became the sole support 
of the family. 

When they had buried Zelda, and Gloria was kneel- 
ing by her grave softly weeping, Philip touched her 
shoulder and said, " Let us go, she needs us no 
longer, but there are those who do. This experience 
has been my lesson, and from now it is my purpose 
to consecrate my life towards the betterment of such 
as these. Our thoughts, our habits, our morals, our 
civilization itself is wrong, else it would not be pos- 
sible for just this sort of suffering to exist." 

" But you will let me help you, Philip ? " said 

" It will mean much to me, Gloria, if you will. In 
this instance Len Turner died a hero's death, and 
when Mrs. Turner became incapacitated, society, the 
state, call it what you will, should have stepped 


in and thrown its protecting arms around her. It 
was never intended that she should lie there day after 
day, month after month, suffering, starving, and in 
an agony of soul for her children's future. She had 
the right to expect succor from the rich and the 

" Yes," said Gloria, " I have heard successful men 
and women say that they cannot help the poor, that 
if you gave them all you had, they would soon be poor 
again, and that your giving would never cease." 

" I know," Philip replied, " that is ever the cry of 
the selfish. They believe that they merit all the 
blessings of health, distinction and wealth that may 
come to them, and they condemn their less fortunate 
brother as one deserving his fate. The poor, the 
weak and the impractical did not themselves bring 
about their condition. Who knows how large a part 
the mystery of birth and heredity play in one's life 
and what environment and opportunity, or lack of it, 
means to us? Health, ability, energy, favorable en- 
vironment and opportunity are the ingredients of suc- 
cess. Success is graduated by the lack of one or all 
of these. If the powerful use their strength merely 
to further their own selfish desires, in what way save 
in degree do they differ from the lower animals of 


creation? And how can man under such a moral 
code justify his dominion over land and sea? 

" Until recently this question has never squarely 
faced the human race, but it does face it now and to 
its glory and honor it is going to be answered right. 
The strong will help the weak, the rich will share 
with the poor, and it will not be called charity, but 
it will be known as justice. And the man or woman 
who fails to do his duty, not as he sees it, but as 
society at large sees it, will be held up to the con- 
tempt of mankind. A generation or two ago, Gloria, 
this mad unreasoning scramble for wealth began. 
Men have fought, struggled and died, lured by the 
gleam of gold, and to what end? The so-called for- 
tunate few that succeed in obtaining it, use it in divers 
ways. To some, lavish expenditure and display 
pleases their swollen vanity. Others, more serious 
minded, gratify their selfishness by giving largess to 
schools of learning and research, and to the advance- 
ment of the sciences and arts. But here and there 
was found a man gifted beyond his fellows, one 
with vision clear enough to distinguish things worth 
while. And these, scorning to acquire either wealth 
or power, labored diligently in their separate fields of 
endeavor. One such became a great educator, the 


greatest of his day and generation, and by his long 
life of rectitude set an example to the youth of Amer- 
ica that has done more good than all the gold that 
all the millionaires have given for educational pur^ 
poses. Another brought to success a prodigious 
physical undertaking. For no further reason than 
that he might serve his country where best he could, 
he went into a fever-laden land and dug a mighty 
ditch, bringing together two great oceans and chang- 
ing the commerce of the world." 



PHILIP and Mr. Strawn oftentimes discussed 
the mental and moral upheaval that was now 
generally in evidence. 

" What is to be the outcome, Philip? " said Mr. 
Strawn. " I know that things are not as they should 
be, but how can there be a more even distribution of 
wealth without lessening the efficiency of the strong, 
able and energetic men and without making mendi- 
cants of the indolent and improvident? If we had 
pure socialism, we could never get the highest en- 
deavor out of anyone, for it would seem not worth 
while to do more than the average. The race would 
then go backward instead of lifting itself higher by 
the insistent desire to excel and to reap the rich re- 
ward that comes with success." 

" In the past, Mr. Strawn, your contention would 
be unanswerable, but the moral tone and thought of 
the world is changing. You take it for granted that 
man must have in sight some material reward in order 


to bring forth the best there is within him. I believe 
that mankind is awakening to the fact that material 
compensation is far less to be desired than spiritual 
compensation. This feeling will grow, it is grow- 
ing, and when it comes to full fruition, the world will 
find but little difficulty in attaining a certain measure 
of altruism. I agree with you that this much-to-be 
desired state of society cannot be altogether reached 
by laws, however drastic. Socialism as dreamed of by 
Karl Marx cannot be entirely brought about by a 
comprehensive system of state ownership and by the 
leveling of wealth. If that were done without a spir- 
itual leavening, the result would be largely as you 

And so the discussion ran, Strawn the embodi- 
ment of the old order of thought and habit, and 
Philip the apostle of the new. And Gloria listened 
and felt that in Philip a new force had arisen. She 
likened him to a young eagle who, soaring high above 
a slumbering world, sees first the gleaming rays of 
that onrushing sun that is soon to make another day. 



IT had become the practice of the War Department 
to present to the army every five years a compre- 
hensive military problem involving an imaginary 
attack upon this country by a powerful foreign foe, 
and the proper line of defense. The competition was 
open to both pfficers and men. A medal was given to 
the successful contestant, and much distinction came 
with it. 

There had been as yet but one contest; five years 
before the medal had been won by a Major General 
who by wide acclaim was considered the greatest mili- 
tary authority in the Army. That he should win 
seemed to accord with the fitness of things, and it 
was thought that he would again be successful. 

The problem had been given to the Army on the 
first of November, and six months were allowed to 
study it and hand in a written dissertation thereon. 
It was arranged that the general military staff that 



considered the papers should not know the names of 
the contestants. 

Philip had worked upon the matter assiduously 
while he was at Fort Magruder, and had sent in his 
paper early in March. Great was his surprise upon 
receiving a telegram from the Secretary of War an- 
nouncing that he had won the medal. For a few days 
he was a national sensation. The distinction of the 
first winner, who was again a contestant, and Philip's 
youth and obscurity, made such a striking contrast 
that the whole situation appealed enormously to the 
imagination of the people. Then, too, the problem 
was one of unusual interest, and it, as well as Philip's 
masterly treatment of it, was published far and wide. 

The Nation was clearly treating itself to a sensa- 
tion, and upon Philip were focused the eyes of all. 
From now he was a marked man. The President, 
stirred by the wishes of a large part of the people, 
expressed by them in divers ways, offered him rein- 
statement in the Army with the rank of Major, and 
indicated, through the Secretary of War, that he 
would be assigned as Secretary to the General Staff. 
It was a gracious thing to do, even though it was 
prompted by that political instinct for which the 
President had become justly famous. 


In an appreciative note of thanks, Philip declined. 
Again he became the talk of the hour. Poor, and 
until now obscure, it was assumed that he would 
gladly seize such an opportunity for a brilliant ca- 
reer within his profession. His friends were amazed 
and urged him to reconsider the matter, but his de- 
termination was fixed. 

Only Gloria understood and approved. 

" Philip," said Mr. Strawn, " do not turn this offer 
down lightly. Such an opportunity seldom comes 
twice in any man's life." 

" I am deeply impressed with the truth of what 
you say, Mr. Strawn, and I am not putting aside 
a military career without much regret. However, I 
am now committed to a life work of a different char- 
acter, one in which glory and success as the world 
knows it can never enter, but which appeals to every 
instinct that I possess. I have turned my face in 
the one direction, and come what may, I shall never 

" I am afraid, Philip, that in the enthusiasm of 
youth and inexperience you are doing a foolish thing, 
one that will bring you many hours of bitter re- 
gret. This is the parting of the ways with you. 


Take the advice of one who loves you well and turn 
into the road leading to honor and success. The path 
which you are about to choose is obscure and difficult, 
and none may say just where it leads." 

" What you say is true, Mr. Strawn, only we are 
measuring results by different standards. If I could 
journey your road with a blythe heart, free from re- 
gret, when glory and honor came, I should revel in 
it and die, perhaps, happy and contented. But con- 
stituted as I am, when I began to travel along that 
road, from its dust there would arise to haunt me 
the ghosts of those of my fellowmen who had lived 
and died without opportunity. The cold and hun- 
gry, the sick and suffering poor, would seem to cry 
to me that I had abandoned them in order that I 
might achieve distinction and success, and there would 
be for me no peace." 

And here Gloria touched his hand with hers, that 
he might know her thoughts and sympathy were at 
one with his. 

Philip was human enough to feel a glow of satis- 
faction at having achieved so much reputation. A 
large part of it, he felt, was undeserved and rather 
hysterical, but that he had been able to do a big 


thing made him surer of his ground in his new field 
of endeavor. He believed, too, that it would aid him 
largely in obtaining the confidence of those with whom 
he expected to work and of those he expected to work 



AS soon as public attention was brought to 
Philip in such a generous way, he received 
many offers to write for the press and mag- 
azines, and also to lecture. 

He did not wish to draw upon his father's slen- 
der resources, and yet he must needs do something to 
meet his living expenses, for during the months of his 
inactivity, he had drawn largely upon the small sum 
which he had saved from his salary. 

The Strawns were insistent that he should continue 
to make their home his own, but this he was unwilling 
to do. So he rented an inexpensive room over a small 
hardware store in the East Side tenement district. 
He thought of getting in one of the big, evil-smelling 
tenement houses so that he might live as those he 
came to help lived, but he abandoned this because he 
feared he might become too absorbed in those imme- 
diately around him. 

What he wanted was a broader view. His purpose 


was not so much to give individual help as to formu- 
late some general plan and to work upon those lines. 

And yet he wished an intimate view of the things 
he meant to devote his life to bettering. So the 
clean little room over the quiet hardware store seemed 
to suit his wants. 

The thin, sharp-featured Jew and his fat, homely 
wife who kept it had lived in that neighborhood for 
many years, and Philip found them a mine of useful 
information regarding the things he wished to know. 
The building was narrow and but three stories 
high, and his landlord occupied all of the second 
story save the one room which was let to Philip. 

He arranged with Mrs. Levinsky to have his break- 
fast with them. He soon learned to like the Jew 
and his wife. While they were kind-hearted and 
sympathetic, they seldom permitted their sympathy 
to encroach upon their purse, but this Philip knew 
was a matter of environment and early influence. He 
drew from them one day the story of their lives, and 
it ran like this : 

Ben Levinsky's forebears had long lived in Warsaw. 
From father to son, from one generation to another, 
they had handed down a bookshop, which included 
bookbinding in a small way. They were self-educated 


and widely read. Their customers were largely 
among the gentiles and for a long time the anti- 
semitic waves passed over them, leaving them un- 
touched. They were law-abiding, inoffensive, peace- 
able citizens, and had been for generations. 

One bleak December day, at a market place in 
Warsaw, a young Jew, baited beyond endurance, 
struck out madly at his aggressors, and in the gen- 
eral melee that followed, the son of a high official was 
killed. No one knew how he became involved in the 
brawl, for he was a sober, high-minded youngster, 
and very popular. Just how he was killed and by 
whom was never known. But the Jew had struck 
the first blow and that was all sufficient for the blood 
of hate to surge in the eyes of the race-mad mob. 

Then began a blind, unreasoning massacre. It all 
happened within an hour. It was as if after night- 
fall a tornado had come out of the west, and without 
warning had torn and twisted itself through the city, 
leaving ruin and death in its wake. No Jew that 
could be found was spared. Saul Levinsky was sit- 
ting in his shop looking over some books that had 
just come from the binder. He heard shots in the 
distance and the dull, angry roar of the hoarse-voiced 
mob. He closed his door and bolted it, and went 


up the little stairs leading to his family quarters. 
His wife and six-year-old daughter were there. Ben, 
a boy of ten, had gone to a nobleman's home to de- 
liver some books, and had not returned. 

Levinsky expected the mob to pass his place and 
leave it unmolested. It stopped, hesitated and then 
rammed in the door. It was all over in a moment. 
Father, mother and child lay dead and torn almost 
limb from limb. The rooms were wrecked, and the 
mob moved on. 

The tempest passed as quickly as it came, and 
when little Ben reached his home, the street was as 
silent as the grave. 

With quivering lip and uncertain feet he picked 
his way from room to room until he came to what 
were once his father, mother and baby sister, and 
then he swooned away. When he awoke he was shiv- 
ering with cold. For a moment he did not realize 
what had happened, then with a heartbreaking cry 
he fled the place, nor did he stop until he was a league 

He crept under the sheltering eaves of a half- 
burned house, and cold and miserable he sobbed him- 
self to sleep. In the morning an itinerant tinker 
came by and touched by the child's distress, drew 


from him his unhappy story. He was a lonely old 
man, and offered to take Ben with him, an offer 
which was gladly accepted. 

We will not chronicle the wanderings of these two 
in pursuit of food and shelter, for it would take too 
long to tell in sequence how they finally reached Amer- 
ica, of the tinker's death, and of the evolution of 
the tinker's pack to the well ordered hardware shop 
over which Philip lived. 



AFTER sifting the offers made him, Philip 
finally accepted two, one from a large New 
York daily that syndicated throughout the 
country, and one from a widely read magazine, 
to contribute a series of twelve articles. Both the 
newspaper and the magazine wished to dictate the 
subject matter about which he was to write, but he 
insisted upon the widest latitude. The 'sum paid, 
and to be paid, seemed to him out of proportion to 
the service rendered, but he failed to take into account 
the value of the advertising to those who had 
secured the use of his pen. 

He accepted the offers not alone because he must 
needs do something for a livelihood, but largely for 
the good he thought he might do the cause to which he 
was enlisted. He determined to write upon social 
subjects only, though he knew that this would be a 
disappointment to his publishers. He wanted to write 
an article or two before he began his permanent 



work, for if he wrote successfully, he thought it would 
add to his influence. So he began immediately, and 
finished his first contribution to the syndicate news- 
papers in time for them to use it the following Sun- 

He told in a simple way, the story of the Turners. 
In conclusion he said the rich and the well-to-do were 
as a rule charitable enough when distress came to 
their doors, but the trouble was that they were un- 
willing to seek it out. They knew that it existed 
but they wanted to come in touch with it as little as 

They smothered their consciences with the thought 
that there were organized societies and other mediums 
through which all poverty was reached, and to these 
they gave. They knew that this was not literally 
true, but it served to make them think less badly of 

In a direct and forceful manner, he pointed out 
that our civilization was fundamentally wrong inas- 
much as among other things, it restricted efficiency; 
that if society were properly organized, there would 
be none who were not sufficiently clothed and fed; 
that the laws, habits and ethical training in vogue were 
alike responsible for the inequalities in opportunity 


and the consequent wide difference between the few 
and the many; that the result of such conditions was 
to render inefficient a large part of the population, 
the percentage differing in each country in the ratio 
that education and enlightened and unselfish laws bore 
to ignorance, bigotry and selfish laws. But little 
progress, he said, had been made in the early centu- 
ries for the reason that opportunity had been confined 
to a few, and it was only recently that any consider- 
able part of the world's population had been in a 
position to become efficient; and mark the result. 
Therefore, he argued, as an economical proposition, 
divorced from the realm of ethics, the far-sighted 
statesmen of to-morrow, if not of to-day, will labor to 
the end that every child born of woman may have an 
opportunity to accomplish that for which it is best 
fitted. Their bodies will be properly clothed and fed 
at the minimum amount of exertion, so that life may 
mean something more than a mere struggle for ex- 
istence. Humanity as a whole will then be able to 
do its share towards the conquest of the complex 
forces of nature, and there will be brought about an 
intellectual and spiritual quickening that will make 
our civilization of to-day seem as crude, as selfish 
and illogical as that of the dark ages seem now to us. 


Philip's article was widely read and was the sub- 
ject of much comment, favorable and otherwise. 
There were the ever-ready few, who want to re-make 
the world in a day, that objected to its moderation, 
and there were his more numerous critics who hold 
that to those that have, more should be given. These 
considered his doctrine dangerous to the general 
welfare, meaning their own welfare. But upon the 
greater number it made a profound impression, and 
it awakened many a sleeping conscience as was shown 
by the hundreds of letters which he received from all 
parts of the country. All this was a tremendous en- 
couragement to the young social worker, for the let- 
ters he received showed him that he had a definite 
public to address, whom he might lead if he could 
keep his medium for a time at least. Naturally, the 
publishers of the newspaper and magazine for which 
he wrote understood this, but they also understood 
that it was usually possible to control intractable 
writers after they had acquired a taste for publicity, 
and their attitude was for the time being one of 
general enthusiasm and liberality tempered by such 
trivial attempts at control as had already been made. 
No sooner had he seen the first story in print than 
he began formulating his ideas for a second. This, 


he planned, would be a companion piece to that of 
the Turners which was typical of the native Ameri- 
can family driven to the East Side by the inevitable 
workings of the social order, and would take up the 
problem of the foreigner immigrating to this country, 
and its effect upon our national life. In this second 
article he incorporated the story of the Levinskys as 
being fairly representative of the problem he wished 
to treat. 

In preparing these articles, Philip had used his eyes 
for the first time in such work, and he was pleased to 
find no harm came of it. The oculist still cautioned 
moderation, but otherwise dismissed him as fully re- 



WHILE Philip was establishing himself in 
New York, as a social worker and writer, 
Gloria was spending more and more of her 
time in settlement work, in spite of the opposition 
of her family. Naturally, their work brought them 
much into each other's society, and drew them even 
closer together than in Philip's dark days when Gloria 
was trying to aid him in the readjustment of his 
life. They were to all appearances simply comrades 
in complete understanding, working together for a 
common cause. 

However, Strawn's opposition to Gloria's settle- 
ment work was not all impersonal, for he made no 
secret of his worry over Gloria's evident admiration 
for Dru. Strawn saw in Philip a masterly man with 
a prodigious intellect, bent upon accomplishing a 
revolutionary adjustment of society, and he knew 
that nothing would deter him from his purpose. The 
magnitude of the task and the uncertainties of sue- 



cess made him fear that Gloria might become one of 
the many unhappy women who suffer martyrdom 
through the greatness of their love. 

Gloria's mother felt the same way about her daugh- 
ter's companion in settlement work. Mrs. Strawn 
was a placid, colorless woman, content to go the con- 
ventional way, without definite purpose, further than 
to avoid the rougher places in life. 

She was convinced that men were placed here for 
the sole purpose of shielding and caring for women, 
and she had a contempt for any man who refused or 
was unable to do so. 

Gloria's extreme advanced views of life alarmed 
her and seemed unnatural. She protested as strongly 
as she could, without upsetting her equanimity, for to 
go beyond that she felt was unladylike and bad for 
both nerves and digestion. It was a grief for her to 
see Gloria actually working with anyone, much less 
Philip, whose theories were quite upsetting, and who, 
after all, was beyond the pale of their social sphere 
and was impossible as a son-in-law. 

Consequently, Philip was not surprised when one 
day in the fall, he received a disconsolate note from 
Gloria who was spending a few weeks with her par- 
ents at their camp in the hills beyond Tuxedo, saying 


that her father had flatly refused to allow her to 
take a regular position with one of the New York 
settlements, which would require her living on the 
East Side instead of at home. The note concluded: 

" Now, Philip, do come up for Sunday and let's 
talk it over, for I am sadly at variance with my family, 
and I need your assistance and advice. 

" Your very sincere, 


The letter left Dm in a strangely disturbed state 
of mind, and all during the trip up from New York 
his thoughts were on Gloria and what the future would 
bring forth to them both. 

On the afternoon following his arrival at the camp, 
as he and the young woman walked over the hills 
aflame with autumnal splendor, Gloria told of her 
bitter disappointment. The young man listened in 
sympathy, but after a long pause in which she saw 
him weighing the whole question in his mind, he said : 

" Well, Gloria, so far as your work alone is con- 
cerned, there is something better that you can do if 
you will. The most important things to be done now 
are not amongst the poor but amongst the rich. 


There is where you may become a forceful missionary 
for good. All of us can reach the poor, for they 
welcome us, but there are only a few who think like 
you, who can reach the rich and powerful. 

"Let that be your field of endeavor. Do your 
work gently and with moderation, so that some at 
least may listen. If we would convince and convert, 
we must veil our thoughts and curb our enthusiasm, 
so that those we would influence will think us reason- 

"Well, Philip," answered Gloria, "if you really 
think I can help the cause, of course " 

" I'm sure you can help the cause. A lack of 
understanding is the chief obstacle, but, Gloria, you 
know that this is not an easy thing for me to say, 
for I realize that it will largely take you out of my 
life, for my path leads in the other direction. 

" It will mean that I will no longer have you as a 
daily inspiration, and the sordidness and loneliness 
will press all the harder, but we have seen the true 
path, and now have a clearer understanding of the 
meaning and importance of our work." 

" And so, Philip, it is decided that you will go 
back to the East Side to your destiny, and I will re- 
main here, there and everywhere, Newport, New York, 


Palm Beach, London, carrying on my work as I 
see it." 

They had wandered long and far by now, and 
had come again to the edge of the lofty forest that 
was a part of her father's estate. They stood for 
a moment in that vast silence looking into each other's 
eyes, and then they clasped hands over their tacit 
compact, and without a word, walked back to the 



FOR five years Gloria and Philip worked in their 
separate fields, but, nevertheless, coming in fre- 
quent touch with one another. Gloria prose- 
lyting the rich by showing them their selfishness, and 
turning them to a larger purpose in life, and Philip 
leading the forces of those who had consecrated them- 
selves to the uplifting of the unfortunate. It did not 
take Philip long to discern that in the last analysis 
it would be necessary for himself and co-workers to 
reach the results aimed at through politics. Master- 
ful and arrogant wealth, created largely by Govern- 
ment protection of its profits, not content with its 
domination and influence within a single party, had 
sought to corrupt them both, and to that end had 
insinuated itself into the primaries, in order that no 
candidates might be nominated whose views were not 
in accord with theirs. 

By the use of all the money that could be spent, 
by a complete and compact organization and by the 



most infamous sort of deception regarding his real 
opinions and intentions, plutocracy had succeeded in 
electing its creature to the Presidency. There had 
been formed a league, the membership of which was 
composed of one thousand multi-millionaires, each 
one contributing ten thousand dollars. This gave a 
fund of ten million dollars with which to mislead 
those that could be misled, and to debauch the weak 
and uncertain. 

This nefarious plan was conceived by a senator 
whose swollen fortune had been augmented year after 
year through the tributes paid him by the interests 
he represented. He had a marvelous aptitude for po- 
litical manipulation and organization, and he forged 
a subtle chain with which to hold in subjection the 
natural impulses of the people. His plan was simple, 
but behind it was the cunning of a mind that had 
never known defeat. There was no man in either 
of the great political parties that was big enough 
to cope with him or to unmask his methods. 

Up to the advent of Senator Selwyn, the interests 
had not successfully concealed their hands. Some- 
times the public had been mistaken as to the true 
character of their officials, but sooner or later the 
truth had developed, for in most instances, wealth 


was openly for or against certain men and measures. 
But the adroit Selwyn moved differently. 

His first move was to confer with John Thor, the 
high priest of finance, and unfold his plan to him, 
explaining how essential was secrecy. It was agreed 
between them that it should be known to the two of ; 
them only. 

Thor's influence throughout commercial America 
was absolute. His wealth, his ability and even more 
the sum of the capital he could control through the 
banks, trust companies and industrial organizations, 
which he dominated, made his word as potent as that 
of a monarch. 

He and Selwyn together went over the roll and 
selected the thousand that were to give each ten thou- 
sand dollars. Some they omitted for one reason or 
another, but when they had finished they had named 
those who could make or break within a day any 
man or corporation within their sphere of influence. 
Thor was to send for each of the thousand and 
compliment him by telling him that there was a mat- 
ter, appertaining to the general welfare of the busi- 
ness fraternity, which needed twenty thousand dollars, 
that he, Thor, would put up ten, and wanted him 
to put up as much, that sometime in the future, or 


never, as the circumstances might require, would he 
make a report as to the expenditure and purpose 

There were but few men of business between the 
Atlantic and Pacific, or between Canada and Mexico, 
who did not consider themselves fortunate in being 
called to New York by Thor, and in being asked to 
join him in a blind pool looking to the safe-guarding 
of wealth. Consequently, the amassing of this great 
corruption fund in secret was simple. If necessity 
had demanded it twice the sum could have been raised. 

The money when collected was placed in Thor's 
name in different banks controlled by him, and Thor, 
from time to time, as requested by Selwyn, placed 
in banks designated by him whatever sums were 
needed. Selwyn then transferred these amounts to 
the private bank of his son-in-law, who became final 
paymaster. The result was that the public had no 
chance of obtaining any knowledge of the fund or 
how it was spent. 

The plan was simple, the result effective. Selwyn 
had no one to interfere with him. The members of 
the pool had contributed blindly to Thor, and Thor 
preferred not to know what Selwyn was doing nor 
how he did it. It was a one man power which in the 


hands of one possessing ability of the first class, is 
always potent for good or evil. 

Not only did Selwyn plan to win the Presidency, 
but he also planned to bring under his control both 
the Senate and the Supreme Court. He selected one 
man in each of thirty of the States, some of them 
belonging to his party and some to the opposition, 
whom he intended to have run for the Senate. 

If he succeeded in getting twenty of them elected, 
he counted upon having a good majority of the Sen- 
ate, because there were already thirty-eight Senators 
upon whom he could rely in any serious attack upon 
corporate wealth. 

As to the Supreme Court, of the nine justices there 
were three that were what he termed " safe and sane," 
and another that could be counted upon in a serious 

Three of them, upon whom he could not rely, were 
of advanced age, and it was practically certain that 
the next President would have that many vacancies 
to fill. Then there would be an easy working ma- 

His plan contemplated nothing further than this. 
His intention was to block all legislation adverse to 
the interests. He would have no new laws to fear, 


and of the old, the Supreme Court would properly 
interpret them. 

He did not intend that his Senators should all vote 
alike, speak alike, or act from apparently similar 
motives. Where they came from States dominated 
by corporate wealth, he would have them frankly vote 
in the open, and according to their conviction. 

When they came from agricultural States, where 
the sentiment was known as " progressive," they 
could cover their intentions in many ways. One 
method was by urging an amendment so radical that 
no honest progressive would consent to it, and then 
refusing to support the more moderate measure be- 
cause it did not go far enough. Another was to 
inject some clause that was clearly unconstitutional, 
and insist upon its adoption, and refusing to vote 
for the bill without its insertion. 

Selwyn had no intention of letting any one Senator 
know that he controlled any other senator. There 
were to be no caucuses, no conferences of his making, 
or anything that looked like an organization. He 
was the center, and from him radiated everything 
appertaining to measures affecting " the interests." 



SELWYN then began carefully scrutinizing such 
public men in the States known as Presidential 
cradles, as seemed to him eligible. By a proc- 
ess of elimination he centered upon two that appeared 

One was James R. Rockland, recently elected Gov- 
ernor of a State of the Middle West. The man had 
many of the earmarks of a demagogue, which Selwyn 
readily recognized, and he therefore concluded to try 
him first. 

Accordingly he went to the capital of the State 
ostensibly upon private business, and dropped in upon 
the Governor in the most casual way. Rockland was 
distinctly flattered by the attention, for Selwyn was, 
perhaps, the best known figure in American politics, 
while he, himself, had only begun to attract attention. 
They had met at conventions and elsewhere, but they 
were practically unacquainted, for Rockland had 



never been permitted to enter the charmed circle 
which gathered around Selwyn. 

" Good morning, Governor," said Selwyn, when he 
had been admitted to Rockland's private room. " I 
was passing through the capital and I thought I 
would look in on you and see how your official cares 
were using you." 

" I am glad to see you, Senator," said Rockland 
effusively, " very glad, for there are some party ques- 
tions coming up at the next session of the Legislature 
about which I particularly desire your advice." 

" I have but a moment now, Rockland," answered 
the Senator, " but if you will dine with me in my 
rooms at the Mandell House to-night it will be a 
pleasure to talk over such matters with you." 

" Thank you, Senator, at what hour? " 

" You had better come at seven for if I finish my 
business here to-day, I shall leave on the 10 o'clock 
for Washington," said Selwyn. 

Thus in the most casual way the meeting was 
arranged. As a matter of fact, Rockland had no 
party matters to discuss, and Selwyn knew it. He 
also knew that Rockland was ambitious to become 
a leader, and to get within the little group that con- 
trolled the party and the Nation. 


Rockland was a man of much ability, but he fell 
far short of measuring up with Selwyn, who was in 
a class by himself. The Governor was a good orator, 
at times even brilliant, and while not a forceful man, 
yet he had magnetism which served him still better 
in furthering his political fortunes. He was not one 
that could be grossly corrupted, yet he was willing 
to play to the galleries in order to serve his ambition, 
and he was willing to forecast his political acts in 
order to obtain potential support. 

When he reached the Mandell House, he was at 
once shown to the Senator's rooms. Selwyn received 
him cordially enough to be polite, and asked him if 
he would not look over the afternoon paper for a 
moment while he finished a note he was writing. He 
wrote leisurely, then rang for a boy and ordered 
dinner to be served. 

Selwyn merely tasted the wine (he seldom did 
more) but Rockland drank freely though not to ex- 
cess. After they had talked over the local matters 
which were supposed to be the purpose of the con- 
ference, much to Rockland's delight, the Senator be- 
gan to discuss national politics. 

" Rockland," began Selwyn, " can you hold this 
state in line at next year's election ? " 


" I feel sure that I can, Senator, why do you ask? " 

" Since we have been talking here," he replied, " it 
has occurred to me that if you could be nominated 
and elected again, the party might do worse than to 
consider you for the presidential nomination the year 

" No, my dear fellow, don't interrupt me," con- 
tinued Selwyn mellifluously. 

" It is strange how fate or chance enters into the 
life of man and even of nations. A business matter 
calls me here, I pass your office and think to pay my 
respects to the Governor of the State. Some political 
questions are perplexing you, and my presence sug- 
gests that I may aid in their solution. This dinner 
follows, your personality appeals to me, and the 
thought flits through my mind, why should not Rock- 
land, rather than some other man, lead the party two 
years from now? 

" And the result, my dear Rockland, may be, prob- 
ably will be, your becoming chief magistrate of the 
greatest republic the sun has ever shone on." 

Rockland by this time was fairly hypnotized by 
Selwyn's words, and by their tremendous import. 
For a moment he dared not trust himself to speak. 
- " Senator Selwyn," he said at last, " it would be 


idle for me to deny that you have excited within me 
an ambition that a moment ago would have seemed 
worse than folly. Your influence within the party 
and your ability to conduct a campaign, gives to 
your suggestion almost the tender of the presidency. 
To tell you that I am deeply moved does scant jus- 
tice to my feelings. If, after further consideration, 
you think me worthy of the honor, I shall feel under 
lasting obligations to you which I shall endeavor to 
repay in every way consistent with honor and with a 
sacred regard for my oath of office." 

" I want to tell you frankly, Rockland," answered 
Selwyn, " that up to now I have had someone else 
in mind, but I am in no sense committed, and we 
might as well discuss the matter to as near a conclusion 
as is possible at this time." 

Selwyn's voice hardened a little as he went on. 
" You would not want a nomination that could not 
carry with a reasonable certainty of election, there- 
fore I would like to go over with you your record, 
both public and private, in the most open yet con- 
fidential way. It is better that you and I, in the 
privacy of these rooms, should lay bare your past 
than that it should be done in a bitter campaign and 
by your enemies. What we say to one another here 


is to be as if never spoken, and the grave itself must 
not be more silent. Your private life not only needs 
to be clean, but there must be no public act at which 
any one can point an accusing finger." 

" Of course, of course," said Rockland, with a ges- 
ture meant to convey the complete openness of his 

" Then comes the question of party regularity," 
continued Selwyn, without noticing. " Be candid 
with me, for, if you are not, the recoil will be upon 
your own head." 

" I am sure that I can satisfy you on every point, 
Senator. I have never scratched a party ticket nor 
have I ever voted against any measure endorsed by 
a party caucus," said Governor Rockland. 

" That is well," smiled the Senator. " I assume 
that in making your important appointments you 
will consult those of us who have stood sponsor for 
you, not only to the party but to the country. It 
would be very humiliating to me if I should insist 
upon your nomination and election and then should 
for four years have to apologize for what I had 

Musingly, as if contemplating the divine presence 
in the works of man, Selwyn went on, while he closely 


watched Rockland from behind his half -closed eye- 

" Our scheme of Government contemplates, I think, 
a diffuse responsibility, my dear Rockland. While 
a president has a constitutional right to act alone, he 
has no moral right to act contrary to the tenets and 
traditions of his party, or to the advice of the party 
leaders, for the country accepts the candidate, the 
party and the party advisers as a whole and not sev- 

" It is a natural check, which by custom the coun- 
try has endorsed as wise, and which must be followed 
in order to obtain a proper organization. Do you 
follow me, Governor, and do you endorse this un- 
written law? " 

If Rockland had heard this at second hand, if 
he had read it, or if it had related to someone other 
than himself, he would have detected the sophistry of 
it. But, exhilarated by wine and intoxicated by am- 
bition, he saw nothing but a pledge to deal squarely 
by the organization. 

" Senator," he replied fulsomely, " gratitude is one 
of the tenets of my religion, and therefore inversely 
ingratitude is unknown to me. You and the organi- 


zation can count on my loyalty from the beginning 
to the end, for I shall never fail you. 

" I know you will not ask me to do anything at 
which my conscience will rebel, nor to make an ap- 
pointment that is not entirely fit." 

" That, Rockland, goes without saying," an- 
swered the Senator with dignity. " I have all the 
wealth and all the position that I desire. I want 
nothing now except to do my share towards making 
my native land grow in prosperity, and to make the 
individual citizen more contented. To do this we 
must cease this eternal agitation, this constant pro- 
posal of half-baked measures, which the demagogues 
are offering as a panacea to all the ills that flesh is 
heir to. 

" We need peace, legislative and political peace, 
so that our people may turn to their industries and 
work them to success, in the wholesome knowledge 
that the laws governing commerce and trade condi- 
tions will not be disturbed over night." 

" I agree with you there, Senator," said Rockland 

" We have more new laws now than we can digest 
in a decade," continued Selwyn, " so let us have rest 


until we do digest them. In Europe the business 
world works under stable conditions. There we find 
no proposal to change the money system between 
moons, there we find no uncertainty from month to 
month regarding the laws under which manufacturers 
are to make their products, but with us, it is a wise 
man who knows when he can afford to enlarge his 

" A high tariff threatens to-day, a low one to-mor- 
row, and a large part of the time the business world 
lies in helpless perplexity. 

" I take it, Rockland, that you are in favor of 
stability, that you will join me in my endeavors to 
give the country a chance to develop itself and its 
marvelous natural resources." 

As a matter of fact, Rockland's career had given 
no evidence of such views. He had practically com- 
mitted his political fortunes on the side of the pro- 
gressives, but the world had turned around since then, 
and he viewed things differently. 

" Senator," he said, his voice tense in his anxiety 
to prove his reliability, " I find that in the past I 
have taken only a cursory view of conditions. I see 
clearly that what you have outlined is a high order 

of statesmanship. You are constructive: I have 



been on the side of those who would tear down. I 
will gladly join hands with you and build up, so 
that the wealth and power of this country shall come 
to equal that of any two nations in existence." 

Selwyn settled back in his chair, nodding his ap- 
proval and telling himself that he would not need 
to seek further for his candidate. 

At Rockland's earnest solicitation he remained over 
another day. The Governor gave him copies of his 
speeches and messages, so that he could assure himself 
that there was no serious flaw in his public record. 

Selwyn cautioned him about changing his attitude 
too suddenly. " Go on, Rockland, as you have done 
in the past. It will not do to see the light too 
quickly. You have the progressives with you now, 
keep them, and I will let the conservatives know that 
you think straight and may be trusted. 

" We must consult frequently together," he con- 
tinued, " but cautiously. There is no need for any 
one to know that we are working together harmoni- 
ously. I may even get some of the conservative pa- 
pers to attack you judiciously. It will not harm you. 
But, above all, do nothing of importance without 
consulting me. 

" I am committing the party and the Nation to 


you, and my responsibility is a heavy one, and I owe 
it to them that no mistakes are made." 

" You may trust me, Senator," said Rockland. " I 
understand perfectly. 5 * 



THE roads of destiny oftentimes lead us in 
strange and unlocked for directions and bring 
together those whose thoughts and purposes 
are as wide as space itself. When Gloria Strawn 
first entered boarding school, the roommate given 
her was Janet Selwyn, the youngest daughter of the 
Senator. They were alike in nothing, except, per- 
haps, in their fine perception of truth and honor. 
But they became devoted friends and had carried 
their attachment for one another beyond their school- 
girl days. Gloria was a frequent visitor at the Sel- 
wyn household both in Washington and Philadelphia, 
and was a favorite with the Senator. He often ban- 
tered her concerning her " socialistic views," and she 
in turn would declare that he would some day see 
the light. Now and then she let fall a hint of Philip, 
and one day Senator Selwyn suggested that she invite 
him over to Philadelphia to spend the week end with 



them. " Gloria, I would like to meet this paragon 
of the ages," said he jestingly, " although I am some- 
what fearful that he may persuade me to ' sell all that 
I have and give it to the poor.' ' 

" I will promise to protect you during this one 
visit, Senator," said Gloria, " but after that I shall 
leave you to your fate." 

" Dear Philip," wrote Gloria, " the great Senator 
Selwyn has expressed a wish to know you, and at his 
suggestion, I am writing to ask you here to spend 
with us the coming week end. I have promised tliat 
you will not denude him of all his possessions at your 
first meeting, but beyond that I have refused to go. 
Seriously, though, I think you should come, for if 
you would know something of politics, then why not 
get your lessons from the fountain head? 

" Your very sincere, 


In reply Philip wrote: 

" Dear Gloria : You are ever anticipating my 
wishes. In the crusade we are making I find it essen- 
tial to know politics, if we are to reach the final 
goal that we have in mind, and you have prepared the 


way for the first lesson. I will be over to-morrow on 
the four o'clock. Please do not bother to meet me. 

"Faithfully yours, 


Gloria and Janet Strawn were at the station to 
meet him. " Janet, this is Mr. Dru," said Gloria. 
" It makes me very happy to have my two best friends 
meet." As they got in her electric runabout, Janet 
Strawn said, " Since dinner will not be served for 
two hours or more, let us drive in the park for a 
while." Gloria was pleased to see that Philip was 
interested in the bright, vivacious chatter of her 
friend, and she was glad to hear him respond in the 
same light strain. However, she was confessedly 
nervous when Senator Selwyn and Philip met. 
Though in different ways, she admired them both 
profoundly. Selwyn had a delightful personality, 
and Gloria felt sure that Philip would come measure- 
ably under the influence of it, even though their views 
were so widely divergent. And in this she was right. 
Here, she felt, were two great antagonists, and she 
was eager for the intellectual battle to begin. But 
she was to be disappointed, for Philip became the lis- 
tener, and did but little of the talking. He led Sen- 


ator Selwyn into a dissertation upon the present 
conditions of the country, and the bearing of the 
political questions upon them. Selwyn said nothing 
indiscreet, yet he unfolded to Philip's view a new and 
potential world. Later in the evening, the Senator 
was unsuccessful in his efforts to draw from his young 
guest his point of view. Philip saw the futility of 
such a discussion, and contented Selwyn by expressing 
an earnest appreciation of his patience in making 
clear so many things about which he had been ignor- 
ant. Next morning, Senator Selwyn was strolling 
with Gloria in the rose garden, when he said, " Gloria, 
I like your friend Dru. I do not recall ever having 
met any one like him." " Then you got him to talk 
after we left last night. I am so glad. I was afraid 
he had on one of his quiet spells." 

" No, he said but little, but the questions he asked 
gave me glimpses of his mind that sometimes startled 
me. He was polite, modest but elusive, neverthele3s, 
I like him, and shall see more of him." Far sighted 
as Selwyn was, he did not know the full extent of 
this prophecy. 



SELWYN now devoted himself to the making of 
enough conservative senators to control com- 
fortably that body. The task was not difficult 
to a man of his sagacity with all the money he could 

Newspapers were subsidized in ways they scarcely 
recognized themselves. Honest officials who were in 
the way were removed by offering them places vastly 
more remunerative, and in this manner he built up a 
strong, intelligent and well constructed machine. It 
was done so sanely and so quietly that no one sus- 
pected the master mind behind it all. Selwyn was 
responsible to no one, took no one into his confidence, 
and was therefore in no danger of betrayal. 

It was a fascinating game to Selwyn. It appealed 
to his intellectual side far more than it did to his 
avarice. He wanted to govern the Nation with an 
absolute hand, and yet not be known as the directing 
power. He arranged to have his name appear less 



frequently in the press and he never submitted to 
interviews, laughingly ridding himself of reporters 
by asserting that he knew nothing of importance. 
He had a supreme contempt for the blatant self -ad- 
vertised politician, and he removed himself as far 
as possible from that type. 

In the meantime his senators were being elected, 
the Rockland sentiment was steadily growing and his 
nomination was finally brought about by the pro- 
gressives fighting vigorously for him and the con- 
servatives yielding a reluctant consent. It was done 
so adroitly that Rockland would have been fooled him- 
self, had not Selwyn informed him in advance of each 
move as it was made. 

After the nomination, Selwyn had trusted men put 
in charge of the campaign, which he organized him- 
self, though largely under cover. The opposition 
party had every reason to believe that they would be 
successful, and it was a great intellectual treat to 
Selwyn to overcome their natural advantages by the 
sheer force of ability, plus what money he needed 
to carry out his plans. He put out the cry of lack 
of funds, and indeed it seemed to be true, for he was 
too wise to make a display of his resources. To 
ward heelers, to the daily press, and to professional 


stump speakers, he gave scant comfort. It was not 
to such sources that he looked for success. 

He began by eliminating all states he knew the 
opposition party would certainly carry, but he told 
the party leaders there to claim that a revolution was 
brewing, and that a landslide would follow at the 
election. This would keep his antagonists busy and 
make them less effective elsewhere. 

He also ignored the states where his side was sure 
to win. In this way he was free to give his entire 
thoughts to the twelve states that were debatable, and 
upon whose votes the election would turn. He di- 
vided each of these states into units containing five 
thousand voters, and, at the national headquarters, 
he placed one man in charge of each unit. Of the 
five thousand, he roughly calculated there would be 
two thousand voters that no kind of persua- 
sion could turn from his party and two thou- 
sand that could not be changed from the opposition. 
This would leave one thousand doubtful ones 
to win over. So he had a careful poll made in 
each unit, and eliminated the strictly unpersuadable 
party men, and got down to a complete analysis of 
the debatable one thousand. Information was ob- 
tained as to their race, religion, occupation and 


former political predilection. It was easy then to 
know how to reach each individual by literature, by 
persuasion or perhaps by some more subtle argu- 
ment. No mistake was made by sending the wrong 
letter or the wrong man to any of the desired one 

In the states so divided, there was, at the local 
headquarters, one man for each unit just as at the 
national headquarters. So these two had only each 
other to consider, and their duty was to bring to 
Rockland a majority of the one thousand votes 
within their charge. The local men gave the con- 
ditions, the national men gave the proper litera- 
ture and advice, and the local man then applied it. 
The money that it cost to maintain such an organiza- 
tion was more than saved from the waste that would 
have occurred under the old method. 

The opposition management was sending out tons 
of printed matter, but they sent it to state head- 
quarters that, in turn, distributed it to the county 
organizations, where it was dumped into a corner and 
given to visitors when asked for. Selwyn's committee 
used one-fourth as much printed matter, but it went 
in a sealed envelope, along with a cordial letter, direct 


to a voter that had as yet not decided how he would 

The opposition was sending speakers at great ex- 
pense from one end of the country to the other, and 
the sound of their voices rarely fell on any but 
friendly and sympathetic ears. Selwyn sent men 
into his units to personally persuade each of the one 
thousand hesitating voters to support the Rockland 

The opposition was spending large sums upon the 
daily press. Selwyn used the weekly press so that 
he could reach the fireside of every farmer and the 
dweller in the small country towns. These were the 
ones that would read every line in their local papers 
and ponder over it. 

The opposition had its candidates going by special 
train to every part of the Union, making many 
speeches every day, and mostly to voters that could 
not be driven from him either by force or persuasion. 
The leaders in cities, both large and small, would 
secure a date and, having in mind for themselves a 
postmastership or collectorship, would tell their fol- r 
lowers to turn out in great force and give the candi- 
date a big ovation. They wanted the candidate to 


remember the enthusiasm of these places, and to leave 
greatly pleased and under the belief that he was mak- 
ing untold converts. As a matter of fact his voice 
would seldom reach any but a staunch partisan. 

Selwyn kept Rockland at home, and arranged to 
have him meet by special appointment the important 
citizens of the twelve uncertain states. He would 
have the most prominent party leader, in a particular 
state, go to a rich brewer or large manufacturer, 
whose views had not yet been crystallized, and say, 
" Governor Rockland has expressed a desire to know 
you, and I would like to arrange a meeting." The 
man approached would be flattered to think he was 
of such importance that a candidate for the presi- 
dency had expressed a desire to meet him. He would 
know it was his influence that was wanted but, even 
so, there was a subtle flattery in that. An appoint- 
ment would be arranged. Just before he came into 
Rockland's presence, his name and a short epitome 
of his career would be handed to Rockland to read. 
When he reached Rockland's home he would at first 
be denied admittance. His sponsor would say, 
" this is Mr. Munting of Muntingville." " Oh, par- 
don me, Mr. Munting, Governor Rockland expects 


And in this way he is ushered into the presence of 
the great. His fame, up to a moment ago, was un- 
known to Rockland, but he now grasps his hand 
cordially and says, " I am delighted to know you, 
Mr. Munting. I recall the address you made a few 
years ago when you gave a library to Muntingville. 
It is men of your type that have made America what 
it is to-day, and, whether you support me or not, if 
I am elected President it is such as you that I hope 
will help sustain my hands in my effort to give to 
our people a clean, sane and conservative govern- 

When Munting leaves he is stepping on air. He 
sees visions of visits to Washington to consult the 
President upon matters of state, and perhaps he 
sees an ambassadorship in the misty future. He be- 
comes Rockland's ardent supporter, and his purse is 
open and his influence is used to the fullest extent. 

And this was Selwyn's way. It was all so simple. 
The opposition was groaning under the thought of 
having one hundred millions of people to reach, and 
of having to persuade a majority of twenty millions 
of voters to take their view. 

Selwyn had only one thousand doubtful voters in 
each of a few units on his mind, and he knew the 


very day when a majority of them had decided to 
vote for Rockland, and that his fight was won. The 
pay-roll of the opposition was filled with incompetent 
political hacks, that had been fastened upon the man- 
agement by men of influence. Selwyn's force, from 
end to end, was composed of able men who did a full 
day's work under the eye of their watchful taskmaster. 

And Selwyn won and Rockland became the key- 
stone of the arch he had set out to build. 

There followed in orderly succession the inaugura- 
tion, the selection of cabinet officers and the new ad- 
ministration was launched. 

Drunk with power and the adulation of sycophants, 
once or twice Rockland asserted himself, and acted 
upon important matters without having first con- 
ferred with Selwyn. But, after he had been bitterly 
assailed by Selwyn's papers and by his senators, he 
made no further attempts at independence. He felt 
that he was utterly helpless in that strong man's 
hands, and so, indeed, he was. 

One of the. Supreme Court justices died, two retired 
because of age, and all were replaced by men sug- 
gested by Selwyn. 

He now had the Senate, the Executive and a ma- 
jority of the Court of last resort. The government 


was in his hands. He had reached the summit of his 
ambition, and the joy of it made all his work seem 
vorth while. 

But Selwyn, great man that he was, did not know, 
could not know, that when his power was greatest it 
was most insecure. He did not know, could not know, 
what force was working to his ruin and to the ruin 
of his system. 

Take heart, therefore, you who had lost faith in 
the ultimate destiny of the Republic, for a greater 
than Selwyn is here to espouse your cause. He comes 
panoplied in justice and with the light of reason in 
his eyes. He comes as the advocate of equal oppor- 
tunity and he comes with the power, to enforce his 



IT was a strange happening, the way the dis- 
closure was made and the Nation came to know 
of the Selwyn-Thor conspiracy to control the 

Thor, being without any delicate sense of honor, 
was in the habit of using a dictagraph to record what 
was intended to be confidential conversations. He 
would take these confidential records, clearly mark 
them, aJnd place them in his private safe within the 
vault. When the transaction to which they related 
was closed he destroyed them. 

The character of the instrument was carefully con- 
cealed. It was a part of a massive piece of office fur- 
niture, which answered for a table as well. In order 
to facilitate his correspondence, he often used it for 
dictating, and no one but Thor knew that it was ever 
put into commission for other purposes. 

He had never, but once, had occasion to use a 
record that related to a private conversation or agree- 


ment. Then it concerned a matter involving a large 
sum, a demand having been made upon him that 
smacked of blackmail. He arranged a meeting, which 
his opponent regarded as an indication that he was 
willing to yield. There were present the contestant, 
his lawyer, Thor's counsel and Thor himself. 

" Before discussing the business that is before us," 
said Thor, " I think you would all en j oy , more or 
less, a record which I have in my dictagraph, and 
which I have just listened to with a great deal of 

He handed a tube to each and started the machine. 
It is a pity that Hogarth could not have been present 
to have painted the several expressions that came 
upon the faces of those four. A quiet but amused 
satisfaction beamed from Thor, and his counsel could 
not conceal a broad smile, but the wretched victim 
was fairly sick from mortification and defeated ava- 
rice. He finally could stand no more and took the 
tube from his ear, reached for his hat and was gone. 

Thor had not seen Selwyn for a long time, but one 
morning, when he was expecting another for whom 
he had his dictagraph set, Selwyn was announced. 
He asked him in and gave orders that they were not 
to be disturbed. When Selwyn had assured himself 


that they were absolutely alone he told Thor his whole 

It was of absorbing interest, and Thor listened 
fairly hypnotized by the recital, which at times ap- 
proached the dramatic. It was the first time that 
Selwyn had been able to unbosom himself, and he en- 
joyed the impression he was making upon the great 
financier. When he told how Rockland had made an 
effort for freedom and how he brought him back, 
squirming under his defeat, they laughed joyously. 

Rich though he was beyond the dreams of avarice, 
rich as no man had ever before been, Thor could 
not refrain from a mental calculation of how enor- 
mously such a situation advanced his fortune. There 
was to be no restriction now, he could annihilate 
and absorb at will. He had grown so powerful that 
his mental equilibrium was unbalanced upon the ques- 
tion of accretion. He wanted more, he must have, 
more, and now, by the aid of Selwyn, he would have 
more. He was so exultant that he gave some expres- 
sion to his thoughts, and Selwyn, cynical as he was, 
was shocked and began to fear the consequences of his 

He insisted upon Selwyn's lunching with him in 
order to celebrate the triumph of " their " plan. Sel- 


wyn was amused at the plural. They went to a 
near-by club and remained for several hours talking 
of things of general interest, for Selwyn refused to 
discuss his victory after they had left the protecting 
walls of Thor's office. 

Thor had forgotten his other engagement, and 
along with it he forgot the dictagraph that he had 
set. When he returned to his office he could not 
recall whether or not he had set the dictagraph. He 
looked at it, saw that it was not set, but that there 
was an unused record in it and dismissed it from his 
mind. He wanted no more business for the day. 
He desired to get out and walk and think and enjoy 
tiie situation. And so he went, a certain unholy joy 
within his warped and money-soddened heart. 



LONG after Thor had gone, long after the 
day had dwindled into twilight and the twilight 
had shaded into dusk, Thomas Spears, his 
secretary, sat and pondered. After Thor and Sel- 
wyn had left the office for luncheon he had gone to 
the dictagraph to see whether there was anything for 
him to take. He found the record, saw it had been 
used, removed it to his machine and got ready to 
transmit. He was surprised to find that it was Sel- 
wyn's voice that came to him, then Thorns, and 
again Selwyn's. He knew then that it was not in- 
tended for dictation, that there was some mistake 
and yet he held it until he had gotten the whole 
of the mighty conspiracy. Pale and greatly agi- 
tated he remained motionless for a long time. Then 
he returned to Thor's office, placed a new record in 
the machine and closed it. 

Spears came from sturdy New England stock and 


was at heart a patriot. He had come to New York 
largely by accident of circumstances. 

Spears had a friend named Harry Tracy, with 
whom he had grown up in the little Connecticut vil- 
lage they called home, and who was distantly related 
to Thor, whose forebears also came from that vicinity. 
They had gone to the same commercial school, and 
were trained particularly in stenography and typing. 
Tracy sought and obtained a place in Thor's office. 
He was attentive to his duties, very accurate, and 
because of his kinship and trustworthiness, Thor made 
him his confidential secretary. The work became so 
heavy that Tracy got permission to employ an as- 
sistant. He had Spears in mind for the place, and, 
after conferring with Thor, offered it to him. 

Thor consented largely because he preferred some 
one who had not lived in New York, and was in no 
way entangled with the life and sentiment of the city. 
Being from New England himself, he trusted the 
people of that section as he did no others. 

So Thomas Spears was offered the place and gladly 
accepted it. He had not been there long before he 
found himself doing all the stenographic work and 

Spears was a man of few words. He did his work 


promptly and well. Thor had him closely shadowed 
for a long while, and the report came that he had no 
bad habits and but few companions and those of the 
best. But Thor could get no confidential report 
upon the workings of his mind. He did not know 
that his conscience sickened at what he learned 
through the correspondence and from his fellow 
clerks. He did not know that his every heart beat 
was for the unfortunates that came within the reach 
of Thor's avarice, and were left the merest derelicts 
upon the financial seas. 

All the clerks were gone, the lights were out and 
Spears sat by the window looking out over the great 
modern Babylon, still fighting with his conscience. 
His sense of loyalty to the man who gave him his 
livelihood rebelled at the thought of treachery. It 
was not unlike accepting food and shelter and mur- 
dering your benefactor, for Spears well knew that in 
the present state of the public mind if once the truth 
were known, it would mean death to such as Thor. 
For with a fatuous ignorance of public feeling the 
interests had gone blindly on, conceding nothing, 
stifling competition and absorbing the wealth and 
energies of the people. 


Spears knew that the whole social and industrial 
fabric of the nation was at high tension, and that it 
needed but a spark to explode. He held within his 
hand that spark. Should he plunge the country, 
his country, into a bloody internecine war, or should 
he let the Selwyns and the Thors trample the hopes, 
the fortunes and the lives of the people under foot 
for still another season. If he held his peace it did 
but postpone the conflict. 

The thought flashed through his mind of the big- 
ness of the sum any one of the several great dailies 
would give to have the story. And then there fol- 
lowed a sense of shame that he could think of such a 

He felt that he was God's instrument for good and 
that he should act accordingly. He was aroused 
now, he would no longer parley with his conscience. 
What was best to do? That was the only question 
left to debate. 

, He looked at an illuminated clock upon a large 
white shaft that lifted its marble shoulders towards 
the stars. It was nine o'clock. He turned on the 
lights, ran over the telephone book until he reached 
the name of what he considered the most important 


daily. He said : " Mr. John T'hor's office desires to 
speak with the Managing Editor." This at once 
gave him the connection he desired. 

" This is Mr. John Thor's secretary, and I would 
like to see you immediately upon a matter of enor- 
mous public importance. May I come to your office 
at once? " 

There was something in the voice that startled the 
newspaper man, and he wondered what Thor's office 
could possibly want with him concerning any matter, 
public or private. However, he readily consented to 
an interview and waited with some impatience for the 
quarter of an hour to go by that was necessary to 
cover the distance. He gave orders to have Spears 
brought in as soon as he arrived. 

When Spears came he told the story with hesitation 
and embarrassment. The Managing Editor thought 
at first that he was in the presence of a lunatic, but 
after a few questions he began to believe. He had a 
dictagraph in his office and asked for the record. He 
was visibly agitated when the full import of the news 
became known to him. Spears insisted that the story 
be given to all the city papers and to the Associated 
Press, which the Managing Editor promised to do. 

When the story was read the next morning by 


America's millions, it was clear to every far-sighted 
person that a crisis had come and that revolution was 
imminent. Men at once divided themselves into 
groups. Now, as it has ever been, the very poor 
largely went with the rich and powerful. The reason 
for this may be partly from fear and partly from 
habit. They had seen the struggle going on for 
centuries and with but one result. 

A mass meeting was called to take place the day 
following at New York's largest public hall. The 
call was not inflammatory, but asked " all good citi- 
zens to lend their counsel and influence to the recti- 
fication of those abuses that had crept into the 
Government," and it was signed by many of the best 
known men in the Nation. 

The hall was packed to its limits an hour before 
the time named. A distinguished college president 
from a nearby town was given the chair, and in a few 
words lie voiced the indignation and the humiliation 
which they all felt. Then one speaker after another 
bitterly denounced the administration, and advocated 
the overthrow of the Government. One, more intem- 
perate than the rest, urged an immediate attack on 
Thor and all his kind. This was met by a roar of 


Philip had come early and was seated well in front. 
In the pandemonium that now prevailed no speaker 
could be heard. Finally Philip fought his way to the 
stage, gave his name to the chairman, and asked to 
be heard. 

When the white-haired college president arose 
there was a measure of quiet, and when he mentioned 
Philip's name and they saw his splendid, homely face 
there was a curious hush. He waited for nearly a 
minute after perfect quiet prevailed, and then, in a 
voice like a deep-toned bell, he spoke with such fer- 
vor and eloquence that one who was present said 
afterwards that he knew the hour and the man had 
come. Philip explained that hasty and ill-considered 
action had ruined other causes as just as theirs, and 
advised moderation. He suggested that a committee 
be named by the chairman to draw up a plan of pro- 
cedure, to be presented at another meeting to be held 
the following night. This was agreed to, and the 
chairman received tremendous applause when he 
named Philip first. 

This meeting had been called so quickly, and the 
names attached to the call were so favorably known, 
that the country at large seemed ready to wait upon 
its conclusions. 


It was apparent from the size and earnestness of 
the second gathering that the interest was growing 
rather than abating. 

Philip read the plan which his committee had 
formulated, and then explained more at length their 
reasons for offering it. Briefly, it advised no resort 
to violence, but urged immediate organization and co- 
operation with citizens throughout the United States 
who were in sympathy with the movement. He told 
them that the conscience of the people was now 
aroused, and that there would be no halting until the 
Government was again within their hands to be ad- 
ministered for the good of the many instead of for 
the good of a rapacious few. 

The resolutions were sustained, and once more 
Philip was placed at the head of a committee to per- 
fect not only a state, but a national organization as 
well. Calls for funds to cover preliminary expenses 
brought immediate and generous response, and the 
contest was on. 



IN the meantime Selwyn and Thor had issued an 
address, defending their course as warranted by 
both the facts and the law. 

They said that the Government had been honey- 
combed by irresponsible demagogues, that were fat- 
tening upon the credulity of the people to the great 
injury of our commerce and prosperity, that no laws 
unfriendly to the best interests had been planned, and 
no act had been contemplated inconsistent with the 
dignity and honor of the Nation. They contended 
that in protecting capital against vicious assaults, 
they were serving the cause of labor and advancing 
the welfare of all. 

Thor's whereabouts was a mystery, but Selwyn, 
brave and defiant, pursued his usual way. 

President Rockland also made a statement defend- 
ing his appointments of Justices of the Supreme 
Court, and challenged anyone to prove them unfit. 
He said that, from the foundation of the Government, 



it had become customary for a President to make such 
appointments from amongst those whose views were 
in harmony with his own, that in this case he had 
selected men of well known integrity, and of profound 
legal ability, and, because they were such, they were 
brave enough to stand for the right without regard 
to the clamor of ill-advised and ignorant people. He 
stated that he would continue to do his duty, and that 
he would uphold the constitutional rights of all the 
people without distinction to race, color or previous 

Acting under Selwyn's advice, Rockland began to 
concentrate quietly troops in the large centers of 
population. He also ordered the fleets into home 
waters. A careful inquiry was made regarding the 
views of the several Governors within easy reach of 
Washington, and, finding most of them favorable to 
the Government, he told them that in case of disorder 
he would honor their requisition for federal troops. 
He advised a thorough overlooking of the militia, and 
the weeding out of those likely to sympathize with 
the " mob." If trouble came, he promised to act 
promptly and forcefully, and not to let mawkish senti- 
ment encourage further violence. 

He recalled to them that the French Revolution was 


caused, and continued, by the weakness and inertia 
of Louis Fifteenth and his ministers and that the mo- 
ment the Directorate placed Bonaparte in command 
of a handful of troops, and gave him power to act, 
by the use of grape and ball he brought order in a 
day. It only needed a quick and decisive use of 
force, he thought, and untold suffering and bloodshed 
would be averted. 

President Rockland believed what he said. He 
seemed not to know that Bonaparte dealt with a rag- 
ged, ignorant mob, and had back of him a nation that 
had been in a drunken and bloody orgy for a period 
of years and wanted to sober up. He seemed not to 
know that in this contest, the clear-brained, sturdy 
American patriot was enlisted against him and what 
he represented, and had determined to come once more 
jnto his own. 



IN her efforts towards proselyting the rich, Gloria 
had not neglected her immediate family. By 
arguments and by bringing to the fore concrete 
examples to illustrate them, she had succeeded in 
awakening within her father a curious and unhappy 
frame of mind. That shifting and illusive thing we 
call conscience was beginning to assert itself in divers 

The first glimpse that Gloria had of his change of 
heart was at a dinner party. The discussion began 
by a dyspeptic old banker declaring that before the 
business world could bring the laboring classes to 
their senses it would be necessary to shut down the 
factories for a time and discontinue new enterprises 
in order that their dinner buckets and stomachs might 
become empty. 

Before Gloria could take up the cudgels in behalf 
of those seeking a larger share of the profits of their 
labor, Mr. Strawn had done so. The debate between 



the two did not last long and was not unduly heated, 
but Gloria knew that the Rubicon had been crossed 
and that in the future she would have a powerful ally 
in her father. 

Neither had she been without success in other direc- 
tions, and she was, therefore, able to report to Philip 
very satisfactory progress. In one of their many 
conferences she was glad to be able to tell him that 
in the future abundant financial backing was assured 
for any cause recommended by either of them as 
being worthy. This was a long step forward, and 
Philip congratulated Gloria upon her efficient work. 

" Do you remember, Gloria," he said, " how un- 
happy you were over the thought of laboring among 
the rich instead of the poor? And yet, contemplate 
the result. You have not only given some part of 
your social world an insight into real happiness, but 
you are enabling the balance of us to move forward 
at a pace that would have been impossible without 
your aid." 

Gloria flushed with pleasure at his generous praise 
and replied : " It is good of you, Philip, to give me 
so large a credit, and I will not deny that I am very 
happy over the outcome of my endeavors, unimpor- 
tant though they be. I am so glad, Philip, that 


you have been given the leadership of our side in the 
coming struggle, for I shall now feel confident of 

" Do not be too sure, Gloria. We have the right 
and a majority of the American people with us; yet, 
on the other hand, we have opposed to us not only 
resourceful men but the machinery of a great Govern- 
ment buttressed by unlimited wealth and credit." 

" Why could not I * try out ' the sincerity of my 
rich converts and get them to help finance your cam- 
paign ? " 

" Happy thought ! If you succeed in doing that, 
Gloria, you will become the Joan d'Arc of our cause, 
and unborn generations will hold you in grateful re- 

" How you do enthuse one, Philip. I feel already 
as if my name were written high upon the walls of 
my country's Valhalla. Tell me how great a fund 
you will require, and I will proceed at once to build 
the golden ladder upon which I am to climb to fame." 

" You need not make light of your suggestion in 
this matter, Gloria, for the lack of funds with which 
to organize is essentially our weakest point. With 
money we can overthrow the opposition, without it 
I am afraid they may defeat us. As to the amount 


needed, I can set no limit. The more you get the 
more perfectly can we organize. Do what you can 
and do it quickly, and be assured that if the sum is 
considerable and if our cause triumphs, you will have 
been the most potent factor of us all." 

And then they parted; Gloria full of enthusiasm 
over her self-appointed task, and Philip with a silent 
prayer for her success. 



GLORIA was splendidly successful in her under- 
taking and within two weeks she was ready 
to place at Philip's disposal an amount far 
in excess of anything he had anticipated. 

" It was so easy that I have a feeling akin to dis- 
appointment that I did not have to work harder," she 
wrote in her note to Philip announcing the result. 
" When I explained the purpose and the importance 
of the outcome, almost everyone approached seemed 
eager to have a share in the undertaking." 

In his reply of thanks, Philip said, " The sum you 
have realized is far beyond any figure I had in mind. 
With what we have collected throughout the country, 
it is entirely sufficient, I think, to effect a preliminary 
organization, both political and military. If the final 
result is to be civil war, then the states that cast their 
fortunes with ours, will, of necessity, undertake the 
further financing of the struggle." 



Philip worked assiduously upon his organization. 
It was first intended to make it political and educa- 
tional, but when the defiant tone of Selwyn, Thor and 
Rockland was struck, and their evident intention of 
using force became apparent, he almost wholly 
changed it into a military organization. His central 
bureau was now in touch with every state, and he 
found in the West a grim determination to bring 
matters to a conclusion as speedily as possible. 

On the other hand, he was sparring for time. He 
knew his various groups were in no condition to be 
pitted against any considerable number of trained 
regulars. He hoped, too, that actual conflict would 
be avoided, and that a solution could be arrived at 
when the forthcoming election for representatives 

It was evident that a large majority of the people 
were with them: the problem was to get a fair and 
legal expression of opinion. As yet, there was no 
indication that this would not be granted. 

The preparations on both sides became so open, 
that there was no longer any effort to work under 
cover. Philip cautioned his adherents against com- 
mitting any overt act. He was sure that the admin- 
istration forces would seize the slightest pretext to 


precipitate action, and that, at this time, would give 
them an enormous advantage. 

He himself trained the men in his immediate local- 
ity, and he also had the organization throughout the 
country trained, but without guns. The use of guns 
would not have been permitted except to regular au- 
thorized militia. The drilling was done with wooden 
guns, each man hewing out a stick to the size and 
shape of a modern rifle. At his home, carefully con- 
cealed, each man had his rifle. 

And then came the election. Troops were at the 
polls and a free ballot was denied. It was the last 
straw. Citizens gathering after nightfall in order to 
protest were told to disperse immediately, and upon 
refusal, were fired upon. The next morning showed 
a death roll in the large centers of population that 
was appalling. 

Wisconsin was the state in which there was the 
largest percentage of the citizenship unfavorable to 
the administration and to the interests. Iowa, Minne- 
sota and Nebraska were closely following. 

Philip concluded to make his stand in the West, 
and he therefore ordered the men in every organiza- 
tion east of the Mississippi to foregather at once at 
Madison, and to report to him there. He was in con- 


stant touch with those Governors who were in sym- 
pathy with the progressive or insurgent cause, and he 
wired the Governor of Wisconsin, in cipher, inform- 
ing him of his intentions. 

As yet travel had not been seriously interrupted, 
though business was largely at a standstill, and there 
was an ominous quiet over the land. The opposition 
misinterpreted this, and thought that the people had 
been frightened by the unexpected show of force. 
Philip knew differently, and he also knew that civil 
war had begun. He communicated his plans to no 
one, but he had the campaign well laid out. It was 
his intention to concentrate in Wisconsin as large a 
force as could be gotten from his followers east and 
south of that state, and to concentrate again near 
Des Moines every man west of Illinois whom he could 
enlist. It was his purpose then to advance simul- 
taneously both bodies of troops upon Chicago. 

In the south there had developed a singular inertia. 
Neither side counted upon material help or opposition 

The great conflict covering the years from 1860 to 
1865 was still more than a memory, though but few 
living had taken part in it. The victors in that 
mighty struggle thought they had been magnanimous 


to the defeated but the well-informed Southerner 
knew that they had been made to pay the most stu- 
pendous penalty ever exacted in modern times. At 
one stroke of the pen, two thousand millions of their 
property was taken from them. A pension system 
was then inaugurated that taxed the resources of the 
Nation to pay. By the year 1927 more than five 
thousand millions had gone to those who were of the 
winning side. Of this the South was taxed her part, 
receiving nothing in return. 

Cynical Europe said that the North would have it 
appear that a war had been fought for human free- 
dom, whereas it seemed that it was fought for money. 
It forgot the many brave and patriotic men who en- 
listed because they held the Union to be one and 
indissoluble, and were willing to sacrifice their lives 
to make it so, and around whom a willing and grate- 
ful government threw its protecting arms. And it 
confused those deserving citizens with the unworthy 
many, whom pension agents and office seekers had 
debauched at the expense of the Nation. Then, too, 
the South remembered that one of the immediate re- 
sults of emancipation was that millions of ignorant 
and indigent people were thrown upon the charity and 
protection of the Southern people, to care for and to 


educate. In some states sixty per cent, of the popu- 
lation were negroes, and they were as helpless as 
children and proved a heavy burden upon the forty 
per cent, of whites. 

In rural populations more schoolhouses had to be 
maintained, and more teachers employed for the num- 
ber taught, and the percentage of children per capita 
was larger than in cities. Then, of necessity, sepa- 
rate schools had to be maintained. So, altogether, the 
load was a heavy one for an impoverished people to 

The humane, the wise, the patriotic thing to have 
done, was for the Nation to have assumed the respon- 
sibility of the education of the negroes for at least 
one generation. 

What a contrast we see in England's treatment of 
the Boers. After a long and bloody war, which drew 
heavily upon the lives and treasures of the Nation, 
England's first act was to make an enormous grant 
to the conquered Boers, that they might have every 
facility to regain their shattered fortunes, and bring 
order and prosperity to their distracted land. 

We see the contrast again in that for nearly a half 
century after the Civil War was over, no Southerner 
was considered eligible for the Presidency. 


On the other hand, within a few years after the 
African Revolution ended, a Boer General, who had 
fought throughout the war with vigor and distinction, 
was proposed and elected Premier of the United 

Consequently, while sympathizing with the effort 
to overthrow Selwyn's government, the South moved 
slowly and with circumspection. 



GENERAL DRU brought together an army of 
fifty thousand men at Madison and about 
forty thousand near Des Moines, and recruits 
were coming in rapidly. 

President Rockland had concentrated twenty thou- 
sand regulars and thirty thousand militia at Chicago, 
and had given command to Major General Newton, 
he who, several years previously, won the first medal 
given by the War Department for the best solution 
of the military problem. 

The President also made a call for two hundred 
thousand volunteers. The response was in no way 
satisfactory, so he issued a formal demand upon each 
state to furnish its quota. 

The states that were in sympathy with his admin- 
istration responded, the others ignored the call. 

General Dru learned that large reinforcements had 
been ordered to Chicago, and he therefore at once 


moved upon that place. He had a fair equipment of 
artillery, considering he was wholly dependent upon 
that belonging to the militia of those states that had 
ranged themselves upon his side, and at several points 
in the West, he had seized factories and plants mak- 
ing powder, guns, clothing and camp equipment. He 
ordered the Iowa division to advance at the same time, 
and the two forces were joined at a point about fifty 
miles south of Chicago. 

General Newton was daily expecting reinforce- 
ments, but they failed to reach him before Dru made 
it impossible for them to pass through. 

Newton at first thought to attack the Iowa division 
and defeat it, and then meet the Wisconsin division, 
but he hesitated to leave Chicago lest Dru should take 
the place during his absence. 

With both divisions united, and with recruits con- 
stantly arriving, Dru had an army of one hundred 
and fifty thousand men. 

Failing to obtain the looked-for reinforcements 
and seeing the hopelessness of opposing so large a 
force, Newton began secretly to evacuate Chicago by 
way of the Lakes, Dru having completely cut him off 
by land. 

He succeeded in removing his army to Buffalo, 


where President Rockland had concentrated more 
than one hundred thousand troops. 

When Dru found General Newton had evacuated 
Chicago, he occupied it, and then moved further east, 
in order to hold the states of Michigan, Indiana and 
Western Ohio. 

This gave him the control of the West, and he 
endeavored as nearly as possible to cut off the food 
supply of the East. In order to tighten further the 
difficulty of obtaining supplies, he occupied Duluth 
and all the Lake ports as far east as Cleveland, which 
city the Government held, and which was their fur- 
thest western line. 

Canada was still open as a means of food supply to 
the East, as were all the ports of the Atlantic sea- 
board as far south as Charleston. 

So the sum of the situation was that the East, so 
far west as the middle of Ohio, and as far south as 
West Virginia, inclusive of that state, was in the 
hands of the Government. 

Western Ohio, Indiana, Michigan and Illinois, while 
occupied by General Dru, were divided in their sym- 
pathies. Wisconsin, Minnesota, and every state west 
of the Mississippi, were 'strongly against the Govern- 


The South, as a whole, was negligible, though Vir- 
ginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and Missouri were largely 
divided in sentiment. That part of the South lying 
below the border states was in sympathy with the 

The contest had come to be thought of as a con- 
flict between Senator Selwyn on the one hand, and 
what he represented, and Philip Dru on the other, 
and what he stood for. These two were known to be 
the dominating forces on either side. 

The contestants, on the face of things, seemed not 
unevenly matched, but, as a matter of fact, the con- 
science of the great mass of the people, East and 
West, was on Dru's side, for it was known that he 
was contending for those things which would permit 
the Nation to become again a land of freedom in its 
truest and highest sense, a land where the rule of 
law prevailed, a land of equal opportunity, a land 
where justice would be meted out alike to the high 
and low with a steady and impartial hand. 



NEITHER side seemed anxious to bring matters 
to a conclusion, for both Newton and Dru 
required time to put their respective armies 
in fit condition before risking a conflict. 

By the middle of July, Dru had more than four 
hundred thousand men under his command, but his 
greatest difficulty was to properly officer and equip 
them. The bulk of the regular army officers had 
remained with the Government forces, though there 
were some notable exceptions. Among those offering 
their services to Dru was Jack Strawn. He resigned 
from the regular army with many regrets and misgiv- 
ings, but his devotion to Philip made it impossible for 
him to do otherwise. And then there was Gloria 
whom he loved dearly, and who made him feel that 
there was a higher duty than mere professional regu- 

None of Dru's generals had been tried out in battle 
and, indeed, he himself had not. It was much the 



same with the Government forces, for there had been 
no war since that with Spain in the nineties, and that 
was an affair so small that it afforded but little train- 
ing for either officers or men. 

Dru had it in mind to make the one battle decisive, 
if that were possible of accomplishment, for he did 
not want to weaken and distract the country by such 
a conflict as that of 1861 to 1865. 

The Government forces numbered six hundred 
thousand men under arms, but one hundred thousand 
of these were widely scattered in order to hold cer- 
tain sections of the country in line. 

On the first of September General Dru began to 
move towards the enemy. He wanted to get nearer 
Washington and the northern seaboard cities, so that 
if successful he would be within striking distance of 
them before the enemy could recover. 

He had in mind the places he preferred the battle 
to occur, and he used all his skill in bringing about 
the desired result. As he moved slowly but steadily 
towards General Newton, he was careful not to tax 
the strength of his troops, but he desired to give 
them the experience in marching they needed, and 
also to harden them. 

The civilized nations of the world had agreed not 


to use in war aeroplanes or any sort of air craft 
either as engines of destruction or for scouting pur- 
poses. This decision had been brought about by the 
International Peace Societies and by the self-evident 
impossibility of using them without enormous loss of 
life. Therefore none were being used by either the 
Government or insurgent forces. 

General Newton thought that Dm was planning to 
attack him at a point about twenty miles west of 
Buffalo, where he had his army stretched from the 
Lake eastward, and where he had thrown up entrench- 
ments and otherwise prepared for battle, 

But Dm had no thought of attacking then or there, 
but moved slowly and orderly on until the two armies 
were less than twenty miles apart due north and south 
from one another. 

When he continued marching eastward and began 
to draw away from General Newton, the latter for 
the first time realized that he himself would be com- 
pelled to pursue and attack, for the reason that he 
could not let Dru march upon New York and the 
other unprotected seaboard cities. He saw, too, that 
he had been outgeneraled, and that he should have 
thrown his line across Dru's path and given battle at 
a point of his own choosing. 


The situation was a most unusual one even in the 
complex history of warfare, because in case of defeat 
the loser would be forced to retreat into the enemies' 
country. It all the more surely emphasized the fact 
that one great battle would determine the war. Gen- 
eral Dru knew from the first what must follow his 
movement in marching by General Newton, and since 
he had now reached the ground that he had long 
chosen as the place where he wished the battle to 
occur, he halted and arranged his troops in formation 
for the expected attack. 

There was a curious feeling of exultation and con- 
fidence throughout the insurgent army, for Dru had 
conducted every move in the great game with masterly 
skill, and no man was ever more the idol of his troops, 
or of the people whose cause he was the champion. 

It was told at every camp fire in his army how he 
had won the last medal that had been given by the 
War Department and for which General Newton had 
been a contestant, and not one of his men doubted that 
as a military genius, Newton in no way measured up 
to Dru. It was plain that Newton had been out- 
maneuvered and that the advantage lay with the 
insurgent forces. 

The day before the expected battle, General Dru 


issued a stirring address, which was placed in the 
hands of each soldier, and which concluded as fol- 
lows : " It is now certain that there will be but one 
battle, and its result lies with you. If you fight as 
I know you will fight, you surely will be successful, 
and you soon will be able to return to your homes 
and to your families, carrying with you the assurance 
that you have won what will be perhaps the most 
important victory that has ever been achieved. It is 
my belief that human liberty has never more surely 
hung upon the outcome of any conflict than it does 
upon this, and I have faith that when you are once 
ordered to advance, you will never turn back. If you 
will each make a resolution to conquer or die, you 
will not only conquer, but our death list will not be 
nearly so heavy as if you at any time falter." 

This address was received with enthusiasm, and 
comrade declared to comrade that there would be no 
turning back when once called upon to advance, and 
it was a compact that in honor could not be broken. 
This, then, was the situation upon the eve of the 
mighty conflict. 



GENERAL DRU had many spies in the enemies' 
camp, and some of these succeeded in cross- 
ing the lines each night in order to give him 
what information they had been able to gather. 

Some of these spies passed through the lines as 
late as eleven o'clock the night before the battle, and 
from them he learned that a general attack was to 
be made upon him the next day at six o'clock in the 

As far as he could gather, and from his own 
knowledge of the situation, it was General Newton's 
purpose to break his center. The reason Newton had 
this in mind was that he thought Dru's line was far 
flung, and he believed that if he could drive through 
the center, he could then throw each wing into confu- 
sion and bring about a crushing defeat. 

As a matter of fact, Dru's line was not far flung, 
but he had a few troops strung out for many miles 



in order to deceive Newton, because he wanted him to 
try and break his center. 

Up to this time, he had taken no one into his con- 
fidence, but at midnight, he called his division com- 
manders to his headquarters and told them his plan 
of battle. 

They were instructed not to impart any informa- 
tion to the commanders of brigades until two o'clock. 
The men were then to be aroused and given a hasty 
breakfast, after which they were to be ready to march 
by three o'clock. 

Recent arrivals had augmented his army to ap- 
proximately five hundred thousand men. General 
Newton had, as far as he could learn, approximately 
six hundred thousand, so there were more than a mil- 
lion of men facing one another. 

Dm had a two-fold purpose in preparing at three 
in the morning. First, he wanted to take no chances 
upon General Newton's time of attack. His infor- 
mation as to six o'clock he thought reliable, but it 
might have been given out to deceive him and a much 
earlier engagement might be contemplated. 

His other reason was that he intended to flank 
Newton on both wings. 

It was his purpose to send, under cover of night, 


one hundred and twenty-five thousand men to the 
right of Newton and one hundred and twenty-five 
thousand to his left, and have them conceal themselves 
behind wooded hills until noon, and then to drive in 
on him from both sides. 

He was confident that with two hundred and fifty 
thousand determined men, protected by the fortifica- 
tions he had been able to erect, and with the ground 
of his own choosing, which had a considerable eleva- 
tion over the valley through which Newton would 
have to march, he could hold his position until noon. 
He did not count upon actual fighting before eight 
o'clock, or perhaps not before nine. 

Dru did not attempt to rest, but continued through 
the night to instruct his staff officers, and to arrange, 
as far as he could, for each contingency. Before two 
o'clock, he was satisfied with the situation and felt 
assured of victory. 

He was pleased to see the early morning hours 
develop a fog, for this would cover the march of his 
left and right wings, and they would not have to make 
so wide a detour in order that their movements might 
be concealed. It would also delay, he thought, New- 
ton's attack. 

His army was up and alert at three, and by four 


o'clock those that were to hold the center were in 
position, though he had them lie down again on their 
arms, so that they might get every moment of rest. 
Three o'clock saw the troops that were to flank the 
enemy already on the march. 

At six-thirty his outposts reported Newton's army 
moving, but it was nine o'clock before they came 
within touch of his troops. 

In the meantime, his men were resting, and he had 
food served them again as late as seven o'clock. 

Newton attacked the center viciously at first, but 
making no headway and seeing that his men were 
being terribly decimated, he made a detour to the 
right, and, with cavalry, infantry and artillery, he 
drove Dru's troops in from the position which they 
were holding. 

Dru recognized the threatened danger and sent 
heliograph messages to his right and left wings to 
begin their attack, though it was now only eleven 
o'clock. He then rode in person to the point of 
danger, and rallied his men to a firmer stand, upon 
which Newton could make no headway. 

In that hell storm of lead and steel Dru sat upon 
his horse unmoved. With bared head and eyes aflame, 
with face flushed and exultant, he looked the embodi- 


merit of the terrible God of War. His presence and 
his disregard of danger incited his soldiers to deeds 
of valor that would forever be an " inspiration and 
a benediction " to the race from which they sprung. 

Newton, seeing that his efforts were costing him 
too dearly, decided to withdraw his troops and rest 
until the next day, when he thought to attack Dm 
from the rear. 

The ground was more advantageous there, and he 
felt confident he could dislodge him. When he gave 
the command to retreat, he was surprised to find Dru 
massing his troops outside his entrenchments and pre- 
paring to follow him. He slowly retreated and Dru 
as slowly followed. Newton wanted to get him well 
away from his stronghold and in the open plain, 
and then wheel and crush him. Dru was merely keep- 
ing within striking distance, so that when his two 
divisions got in touch with Newton they would be able 
to attack him on three sides. 

Just as Newton was about to turn, Dru's two divi- 
sions poured down the slopes of the hills on both 
sides and began to charge. And when Dru's center 
began to charge, it was only a matter of moments 
before Newton's army was in a panic. 

He tried to rally them and to face the on-coming 


enemy, but his efforts were in vain. His men threw 
down their guns, some surrendering, but most of them 
fleeing in the only way open, that towards the rear 
and the Lake. 

Dru's soldiers saw that victory was theirs, and, 
maddened by the lust of war, they drove the Govern- 
ment forces back, killing and crushing the seething 
and helpless mass that was now in hopeless confusion. 

Orders were given by General Dru to push on and 
follow the enemy until nightfall, or until the Lake 
was reached, where they must surrender or drown. 

By six o'clock of that fateful day, the splendid 
army of Newton was a thing for pity, for Dru had 
determined to exhaust the last drop of strength of 
his men to make the victory complete, and the battle 

At the same time, as far as he was able, he re- 
strained his men from killing, for he saw that the 
enemy were without arms, and thinking only of 
escape. His order was only partially obeyed, for 
when man is in conflict with either beast or fellow- 
man, the primitive lust for blood comes to the fore, 
and the gentlest and most humane are oftentimes the 
most bloodthirsty. 

Of the enemy forty thousand were dead and two 


hundred and ten thousand were wounded with seventy- 
five thousand missing. Of prisoners Dru had cap- 
tured three hundred and seventy-five thousand. 

General Newton was killed in the early afternoon, 
soon after the rout began. 

Philip's casualties were twenty-three thousand dead 
and one hundred and ten thousand wounded. 

It was a holocaust, but the war was indeed ended. 


AFTER General Dru had given orders for the 
care of the wounded and the disposition of the 
prisoners, he dismissed his staff and went qui- 
etly out into the starlight. He walked among the 
dead and wounded and saw that everything possible 
was being done to alleviate suffering. Feeling 
weary he sat for a moment upon a dismembered gun. 
As he looked over the field of carnage and saw 
what havoc the day had made, he thought of the 
Selwyns and the Thors, whose selfishness and greed 
were responsible for it all, and he knew that they 
and their kind would have to meet an awful charge 
before the judgment seat of God. Within touch of 
him lay a boy of not more than seventeen, with his 
white face turned towards the stars. One arm was 
shattered and a piece of shell had torn a great red 
wound in the side of his chest. Dru thought him 
dead, but he saw him move and open his eyes. He 
removed a coat from a soldier that lay dead beside 



him and pillowed the boy's head upon it, and gave 
him some water and a little brandy. 

" I am all in, Captain," said he, " but I would like 
a message sent home." He saw that Dm was an 
officer but he had no idea who he was. " I only en- 
listed last week. I live in Pennsylvania not far 
from here." Then more faintly " My mother 
tried to persuade me to remain at home, but I wanted 
to do my share, so here I am as you find me. 
Tell her tell her," but the message never came 
for he was dead. 

After he had covered the pain-racked, ghastly face, 
Dru sat in silent meditation, and thought of the 
shame of it, the pity of it all. Somewhere amongst 
that human wreckage he knew Gloria was doing what 
she could to comfort the wounded and those that 
were in the agony of death. 

She had joined the Red Cross Corps of the in- 
surgent army at the beginning of hostilities, but 
Dru had had only occasional glimpses of her. He 
was wondering now, in what part of that black and 
bloody field she was. His was the strong hand that 
had torn into fragments these helpless creatures; 
hers was the gentle hand that was softening the 
horror, the misery of it all. Dm knew there were 


those who felt that the result would never be worth 
the cost and that he, too, would come in for a meas- 
urable share of their censure. But deep and lasting 
as his sympathy was for those who had been brought 
into this maelstrom of war, yet, pessimism found no 
lodgment within him, rather was his great soul illu- 
minated with the thought that with splendid heroism 
they had died in order that others might live the 
better. Twice before had the great republic been 
baptized in blood and each time the result had 
changed the thought and destiny of man. And so 
would it be now, only to greater purpose. Never 
again would the Selwyns and the Thors be able to 
fetter the people. 

Free and unrestrained by barriers erected by the 
powerful, for selfish purposes, there would now lie 
open to them a glorious and contented future. He 
had it in his thoughts to do the work well now that 
it had been begun, and to permit no misplaced senti- 
ment to deter him. He knew that in order to do what 
he had in mind, he would have to reckon with the 
habits and traditions of centuries, but, seeing clearly 
the task before him he must needs become an icono- 
clast and accept the consequences. For two days 
and nights he had been without sleep and under 


a physical and mental strain that would have meant 
disaster to any, save Philip Dru. But now he began 
to feel the need of rest and sleep, so he walked slowly 
back to his tent. 

After giving orders that he was not to be dis- 
turbed, he threw himself as he was upon his camp 
bed, and, oblivious of the fact that the news of his 
momentous victory had circled the globe and that 
his name was upon the lips of half the world, he fell 
into a dreamless, restful sleep. 



WHEN Dru wakened in the morning after 
a long and refreshing sleep, his first 
thoughts were of Gloria Strawn. Before 
leaving his tent he wrote her an invitation to dine 
with him that evening in company with some of his 
generals and their wives. All through that busy day 
Dru found himself looking forward to the coming 
evening. When Gloria came Dru was standing at 
the door of his tent to meet her. As he helped her 
from the army conveyance she said: 

" Oh, Philip, how glad I am ! How glad I am ! " 
Dru knew that she had no reference to his brilliant 
victory, but that it was his personal welfare that she 
had in mind. 

During the dinner many stories of heroism were 
told, men who were least suspected of great per- 
sonal bravery had surprised their comrades by deeds 
that would follow the coming centuries in both song 



and story. Dru, who had been a silent listener until 
now, said: 

" Whenever my brother soldier rises above self 
and gives or offers his life for that of his comrade, no 
one rejoices more than I. But, my friends, the high- 
est courage is not displayed upon the battlefield. The 
soldier's heroism is done under stress of great ex- 
citement, and his field of action is one that appeals 
to the imagination. It usually also touches our 
patriotism and self-esteem. The real heroes of the 
world are oftentimes never known. I once knew a 
man of culture and wealth who owned a plantation 
in some hot and inaccessible region. Smallpox in 
its most virulent form became prevalent among the 
negroes. Everyone fled the place save this man, and 
those that were stricken. Single-handed and alone, 
he nursed them while they lived and buried them 
when they died. And yet during all the years I 
knew him, never once did he refer to it. An old 
negro told me the story and others afterwards con- 
firmed it. This same man jumped into a swollen 
river and rescued a poor old negro who could not 
swim. There was no one to applaud him as he bat- 
tled with the deadly eddies and currents and brought 
to safety one of the least of God's creatures. To 


my mind the flag of no nation ever waved above a 
braver, nobler heart." 

There was a moment's silence, and then Gloria 

" Philip, the man you mention is doubtless the most 
splendid product of our civilization, for he was per- 
haps as gentle as he was brave, but there is still an- 
other type of hero to whom I would call attention. 
I shall tell you of a man named Sutton, whom I 
came to know in my settlement work and who seemed 
to those who knew him wholly bad. He was cruel, 
selfish, and without any sense of honor, and even 
his personality was repulsive, and yet this is what he 

" One day, soon after dark, the ten story tenement 
building in which he lived caught fire. Smoke was 
pouring from the windows, at which many frightened 
faces were seen. 

" But what was holding the crowd's breathless at- 
tention, was the daring attempt of a man on the 
eighth floor to save a child of some five or six years. 

" He had gotten from his room to a small iron 
balcony, and there he took his handkerchief and 
blindfolded the little boy. He lifted the child over 
the railing, and let him down to a stone ledge some 


twelve inches wide, and which seemed to be five or 
six feet below the balcony. 

" The man had evidently told the child to flatten 
himself against the wall, for the little fellow had 
spread out his arms and pressed his body close to it. 

" When the man reached him, he edged him along 
in front of him. It was a perilous journey, and to 
what end? 

" No one could see that he was bettering his con- 
dition by moving further along the building, though 
it was evident he had a well-defined purpose from the 

" When he reached the corner, he stopped in front 
of a large flagpole that proj ected out from the build- 
ing some twenty or more feet, 

" He shouted to the firemen in the street below s 
but his voice was lost in the noise and distance. He 
then scribbled something on an envelope and after 
wrapping his knife inside, dropped it down. He 
lost no time by seeing whether he was understood, 
but he took the child and put his arms and legs 
about the pole in front of him and together they slid 
along to the golden ball at the end. 

" What splendid courage ! What perfect self- 
possession! He then took the boy's arm above the 


hand and swung him clear. He held him for a mo- 
ment to see that all was ready below, and turned him 

" The child dropped as straight as a plummet into 
the canvas net that was being held for him. 

" The excitement had been so tense up to now, 
that in all that vast crowd no one said a word or 
moved a muscle, but when they saw the little fellow 
unhurt, and perched high on the shoulders of a burly 
fireman, such cheers were given as were never before 
heard in that part of New York. 

" The man, it seemed, knew as well as those below, 
that his weight made impossible his escape in a like 
manner, for he had slid back to the building and 
was sitting upon the ledge smoking a cigarette. 

" At first it was the child in which the crowd was 
interested, but now it was the man. He must be 
saved ; but could he be ? The heat was evidently be- 
coming unbearable and from time to time a smother 
of smoke hid him from view. Once when it cleared 
away he was no longer there, it had suffocated him 
and he had fallen, a mangled heap, into the street 

" That man was Sutton, and the child was not his 
own. He could have saved himself had he not stayed 


to break in a door behind which the screams of the 
child were heard." 

There was a long silence when Gloria had ended 
her story, and then the conversation ran along more 
cheerful lines. 



GENERAL DRU began at once the reorgan- 
ization of his army. The Nation knew that 
the war was over, and it was in a quiver of 

They recognized the fact that Dru dominated the 
situation and that a master mind had at last arisen 
in the Republic. He had a large and devoted army 
to do his bidding, and the future seemed to lie wholly 
in his hands. 

The great metropolitan dailies were in keen rivalry 
to obtain some statement from him, but they could 
not get within speaking distance. The best they 
could do was to fill their columns with speculations 
and opinions from those near, or at least pretending 
to be near him. He had too much to do to waste a 
moment, but he had it in mind to make some state- 
ment of a general nature within a few days. 

The wounded were cared for, the dead disposed 
of and all prisoners disarmed and permitted to go 



to their homes under parole. Of his own men he 
relieved those who had sickness in their families, or 
pressing duties to perform. Many of the prisoners, 
at their urgent solicitation, he enlisted. The final 
result was a compact and fairly well organized army 
of some four hundred thousand men who were willing 
to serve as long as they were needed. 

During the days that Dru was reorganizing, he 
now and then saw Gloria. She often wondered why 
Philip did not tell her something of his plans, and 
at times she felt hurt at his reticence. She did not 
know that he would have trusted her with his life 
without hesitation, but that his sense of duty sealed 
his lips when it came to matters of public policy. 

He knew she would not willingly betray him, but 
he never took chances upon the judgment she, or 
any friend, might exercise as to what was or what 
was not important. When a thought or plan had 
once gone from him to another it was at the mercy 
of the other's discretion, and good intention did not 
avail if discretion and judgment were lacking. He 
consulted freely with those from whom he thought 
he could obtain help, but about important matters 
no one ever knew but himself his conclusions. 

Dru was now ready to march upon Washington, 


and he issued an address to his soldiers which was 
intended, in fact, for the general public. He did not 
want, at this time, to assume unusual powers, and if 
he had spoken to the Nation he might be criticised 
as assuming a dictatorial attitude. 

He complimented his army upon their patriotism 
and upon their bravery, and told them that they had 
won what was, perhaps, the most important vic- 
tory in the history of warfare. He deplored the fact 
that, of necessity, it was a victory over their fellow 
countrymen, but he promised that the breach would 
soon be healed, for it was his purpose to treat them 
as brothers. He announced that no one, neither the 
highest nor the lowest, would be arrested, tried, or 
in any way disturbed provided they accepted the re- 
sult of the battle as final, and as determining a change 
in the policy of government in accordance with the 
views held by those whom he represented. Failure 
to acquiesce in this, or any attempt to foster the 
policies of the late government, would be considered 
Seditious, and would be punished by death. He was 
determined upon immediate peace and quietude, and 
any individual, newspaper or corporation violating 
this order would be summarily dealt with. 

The words " late government " caused a sensation, 


It pointed very surely to the fact that as soon as 
Dm reached Washington, he would assume charge 
of affairs. But in what way? That was the mo- 
mentous question. 

President Rockwell, the Vice-President and the 
Cabinet, fearful of the result of Dru's complete dom- 
ination, fled the country. Selwyn urged, threatened, 
and did all he could to have them stand their ground, 
and take the consequences of defeat, but to no avail. 
Finally, he had the Secretary of State resign, so that 
the President might appoint him to that office. This 
being done, he became acting President. 

There were some fifty thousand troops at Wash- 
ington and vicinity, and Dm wired Selwyn asking 
whether any defense of that city was contemplated. 
Upon receiving a negative answer, he sent one of his 
staff officers directly to Washington to demand a 
formal surrender. Selwyn acquiesced in this, and 
while the troops were not disbanded, they were 
placed under the command of Dru's emissary. 

After further negotiations it was arranged for 
such of the volunteers as desired to do so, to return 
to their homes. This left a force of thirty thousand 
men at Washington who accepted the new conditions, 
and declared fealty to Dru and the cause he repre- 


sented. There was now requisitioned all the cars 
that were necessary to convey the army from Buffalo 
to New York, Philadelphia and Washington. A day 
was named when all other traffic was to be stopped, 
until the troops, equipment and supplies had been 
conveyed to their destinations. One hundred thou- 
sand men were sent to New York and one hundred 
thousand to Philadelphia, and held on the outskirts 
of those cities. Two hundred thousand were sent to 
Washington and there Dru went himself. 

Selwyn made a formal surrender to him and was 
placed under arrest, but it was hardly more than a 
formality, for Selwyn was placed under no further 
restraint than that he should not leave Washington. 
His arrest was made for its effect upon the Nation; 
in order to make it clear that the former government 
no longer existed. 

General Dru now called a conference of his officers 
and announced his purpose of assuming the powers 
of a dictator, distasteful as it was to him, and, as he 
felt it might also be, to the people. He explained 
that such a radical step was necessary, in order to 
quickly purge the Government of those abuses that 
had arisen, and give to it the form and purpose for 
which they had fought. They were assured that 


he was free from any personal ambition, and he 
pledged his honor to retire after the contemplated 
reforms had been made, so that the country could 
again have a constitutional government. Not one of 
them doubted his word, and they pledged themselves 
and the men under them, to sustain him loyally. He 
then issued an address to his army proclaiming him- 
self " Administrator of the Republic." 



THE day after this address was issued, General 
Dru reviewed his army and received such an 
ovation that it stilled criticism, for it was plain 
that the new order of things had to be accepted, and 
there was a thrill of fear among those who would 
have liked to raise their voices in protest. 

It was felt that the property and lives of all were 
now in the keeping of one man. 

Dru's first official act was to call a conference 
of those, throughout the Union, who had been leaders 
in the movement to overthrow the Government. 

The gathering was large and representative, but 
he found no such unanimity as amongst the army. 
A large part, perhaps a majority, were outspoken 
for an immediate return to representative govern- 

They were willing that unusual powers should be 
assumed long enough to declare the old Government 
illegal, and to issue an immediate call for a general 



election, state and national, to be held as usual in 
November. The advocates of this plan were willing 
that Dru should remain in authority until the duly 
constituted officials could be legally installed. 

Dru presided over the meeting, therefore he took 
no part in the early discussion, further than to ask 
for the fullest expression of opinion. After hear- 
ing the plan for a limited dictatorship proposed, he 
arose, and, in a voice vibrant with emotion, ad- 
dressed the meeting as follows: 

" My fellow countrymen : I feel sure that how- 
ever much we may differ as to methods, there is no 
one within the sound of my voice that does not wish 
me well, and none, I believe, mistrusts either my hon- 
esty of purpose, my patriotism, or my ultimate de- 
sire to restore as soon as possible to our distracted 
land a constitutional government. 

" We all agreed that a change had to be brought 
about even though it meant revolution, for other- 
wise the cruel hand of avarice would have crushed 
out from us, and from our children, every semblance 
of freedom. If our late masters had been more mod- 
erate in their greed we would have been content to 
struggle for yet another period, hoping that in 
time we might again have justice and equality be- 


fore the law. But even so we would have had a de- 
fective Government, defective in machinery and 
defective in its constitution and laws. To have 
righted it, a century of public education would have 
been necessary. The present opportunity has been 
bought at fearful cost. If we use it lightly, those 
who fell upon the field of Elma will have died in vain, 
and the anguish of mothers, and the tears of widows 
and orphans will mock us because we failed in our 
duty to their beloved dead. 

" For a long time I have known that this hour 
would come, and that there would be those of you 
who would stand affrighted at the momentous change 
from constitutional government to despotism, no mat- 
ter how pure and exalted you might believe my inten- 
tions to be. 

" But in the long watches of the night, in the soli- 
tude of my tent, I conceived a plan of government 
which, by the grace of God, I hope to be able to give 
to the American people. My life is consecrated to 
our cause, and, hateful as is the thought of assuming 
supreme power, I can see no other way clearly, and 
I would be recreant to my trust if I faltered in my 
duty. Therefore, with the aid I know each one of 
you will give me, there shall, in God's good time, be 


wrought * a government of the people, by the people 
and for the people.' " 

When Dru had finished there was generous ap- 
plause. At first here and there a dissenting voice 
was heard, but the chorus of approval drowned it. 

It was a splendid tribute to his popularity and in- 
tegrity. When quiet was restored, he named twelve 
men whom he wanted to take charge of the depart- 
ments and to act as his advisors. 

They were all able men, each distinguished in his 
own field of endeavor, and when their names were 
announced there was an outburst of satisfaction. 

The meeting adjourned, and each member went 
home a believer in Dru and the policy he had adopted. 
They, in turn, converted the people to their view of 
the situation, so that Dru was able to go forward 
with his great work, conscious of the support and 
approval of an overwhelming majority of his fellow 



WHEN General Dm assumed the responsi- 
bilities of Government he saw that, unless 
he arranged it otherwise, social duties 
would prove a tax upon his time and would deter 
him from working with that celerity for which he had 
already become famous. He had placed Mr. Strawn 
at the head of the Treasury Department and he of- 
fered him the use of the White House as a place of 
residence. His purpose was to have Mrs. Strawn 
and Gloria relieve him of those social functions that 
are imposed upon the heads of all Governments. 
Mrs. Strawn was delighted with such an arrangement, 
and it almost compensated her for having been forced 
by her husband and Gloria into the ranks of the 
popular or insurgent party. Dru continued to use 
the barracks as his home, though he occupied the 
offices in the White House for public business. It 
soon became a familiar sight in Washington to see 
him ride swiftly through the streets on his seal-brown 



gelding, Twilight, as he went to and from the bar- 
racks and the White House. Dru gave and attended 
dinners to foreign ambassadors and special envoys, 
but at the usual entertainments given to the public 
or to the official family he was seldom seen. He and 
Gloria were in accord, regarding the character of 
entertainments to be given, and all unnecessary dis- 
play was to be avoided. This struck a cruel blow 
at Mrs. Strawn, who desired to have everything in 
as sumptuous a way as under the old regime, but both 
Dru and Gloria were as adamant, and she had to be 
content with the new order of things. 

" Gloria," said Dru, " it pleases me beyond meas- 
ure to find ourselves so nearly in accord concerning 
the essential things, and I am glad to believe that 
you express your convictions candidly and are not 
merely trying to please me." 

" That, Philip, is because we are largely striving 
for the same purposes. We both want, I think, to take 
the selfish equation out of our social fabric. We 
want to take away the sting from poverty, and we 
want envy to have no place in the world of our mak- 
ing. Is it not so? " 

" That seems to me, Gloria, to be the crux of our 
endeavors. But when we speak of unselfishness, as 


we now have it in mind, we are entering a hitherto 
unknown realm. The definition of selfishness yes- 
terday or to-day is quite another thing from the un- 
selfishness that we have in view, and which we hope 
and expect will soon leaven society. I think, per- 
haps, we may reach the result quicker if we call it 
mankind's new and higher pleasure or happiness, for 
that is what it will mean." 

" Philip, it all seems too altruistic ever to come 
in our lifetime ; but, do you know, I am awfully op- 
timistic about it. I really believe it will come so 
quickly, after it once gets a good start, that it will 
astound us. The proverbial snowball coming down 
the mountain side will be as nothing to it. Every- 
one will want to join the procession at once. No 
one will want to be left out for the finger of Scorn 
to accuse. And, strangely enough, I believe it will 
be the educated and rich, in fact the ones that are 
now the most selfish, that will be in the vanguard of 
the procession. They will be the first to realize the 
joy of it all, and in this way will they redeem the sins 
of their ancestors." 

" Your enthusiasm, Gloria, readily imparts itself 
to me, and my heart quickens with hope that what you 
say may be prophetic. But, to return to the im- 


mediate work in hand, let us simplify our habits and 
customs to as great a degree as is possible under 
existing circumstances. One of the causes for the 
mad rush for money is the desire to excel our friends 
and neighbors in our manner of living, our entertain- 
ments and the like. Everyone has been trying to 
keep up with the most extravagant of his set: the 
result must, in the end, be unhappiness for all and 
disaster for many. What a pitiful ambition it is! 
How soul-lowering ! How it narrows the horizon ! 
We cannot help the poor, we cannot aid our neigh- 
bor, for, if we do, we cannot keep our places in the 
unholy struggle for social equality within our little 
sphere. Let us go, Gloria, into the fresh air, for it 
stifles me to think of this phase of our civilization. 
I wish I had let our discussion remain upon the high 
peak where you placed it and from which we gazed 
into the promised land." 



THE 'Administrator did nothing towards re- 
ducing the army which, including those in the 
Philippines and elsewhere, totalled five hun- 
dred thousand. He thought this hardly sufficient 
considering international conditions, and one of his 
first acts was to increase the number of men to six 
hundred thousand and to arm and equip them 

For a long period of years England had main- 
tained relations with the United States that amounted 
to an active alliance, but there was evidence that she 
had under discussion, with her old-time enemy, Ger- 
many, a treaty by which that nation was to be allowed 
a free hand in South America. 

In return for this England was to be conceded all 
German territory in Africa, and was to be allowed 
to absorb, eventually, that entire continent excepting 
that part belonging to France. 

Japan, it seemed, was to be taken into the agree- 


ment and was to be given her will in the East. If 
she desired the Philippines, she might take them as 
far as European interference went. Her navy was 
more powerful than any the United States could 
readily muster in the far Pacific, and England would, 
if necessary, serve notice upon us that her gunboats 
were at Japan's disposal in case of war. 

In return, Japan was to help in maintaining Brit- 
ish supremacy in India, which was now threatened 
by the vigorous young Republic of China. 

The latter nation did not wish. to absorb India her- 
self, but she was committed to the policy of " Asia 
for the Asiatics," and it did not take much discern- 
ment to see that some day soon this would come about. 

China and Japan had already reached an agree- 
ment concerning certain matters of interest between 
them, the most important being that Japan should 
maintain a navy twice as powerful as that of China, 
and that the latter should have an army one-third 
more powerful than that of Japan. The latter was 
to confine her sphere of influence to the Islands of 
the Sea and to Korea, and, in the event of a com- 
bined attack on Russia, which was contemplated, they 
were to acquire Siberia as far west as practicable, 
and divide that territory. China had already by pur- 


chase, concessions and covert threats, regained that 
part of her territory once held by England, Ger- 
many and France. She had a powerful army and a 
navy of some consequence, therefore she must needs 
to be reckoned with. 

England's hold upon Canada was merely nominal, 
therefore, further than as a matter of pride, it was of 
slight importance to her whether she lost it or not. 
Up to the time of the revolution, Canada had been 
a hostage, and England felt that she could at no 
time afford a rupture with us. But the alluring 
vision that Germany held out to her was dazzling 
her statesmen. Africa all red from the Cape to the 
Mediterranean and from Madagascar to the Atlantic 
was most alluring. And it seemed so easy of ac- 
complishment. Germany maintained her military 
superiority, as England, even then, held a navy equal 
to any two powers. 

Germany was to exploit South America without 
reference to the Monroe Doctrine, and England was 
to give her moral support, and the support of her 
navy, if necessary. If the United States objected 
to the extent of declaring war, they were prepared to 
meet that issue. Together, they could put into com- 
mission a navy three times as strong as that of the 


United States, and with Canada as a base, and with 
a merchant marine fifty times as large as that of 
the United States, they could convey half a million 
men to North America as quickly as Dru could send 
a like number to San Francisco. If Japan joined 
the movement, she could occupy the Pacific Slope as 
long as England and Germany were her allies. 

The situation which had sprung up while the 
United States was putting her own house in order, 
was full of peril and General Dru gave it his careful 
and immediate attention. 

None of the powers at interest knew that Dru's 
Government had the slightest intimation of what was 
being discussed. The information had leaked 
through one of the leading international banking 
houses, that had been approached concerning a possi- 
ble loan for a very large amount, and the secret had 
reached Selwyn through Thor. 

Selwyn not only gave General Dru this informa- 
tion, but much else that was of extreme value. Dru 
soon came to know that at heart Selwyn was not with- 
out patriotism, and that it was only from environ- 
ment and an overweaning desire for power that had 
led him into the paths he had heretofore followed. 

Selwyn would have preferred ruling through the 


people rather than through the interests and the 
machinations of corrupt politics, but he had little 
confidence that the people would take enough interest 
in public affairs to make this possible, and to deviate 
from the path he had chosen, meant, he thought, dis- 
aster to his ambitions. 

Dru's career proved him wrong, and no one was 
quicker to see it than Selwyn. Dru's remarkable in- 
sight into character fathomed the real man, and, in 
a cautious and limited way, he counseled with him 
as the need arose. 



OF his Council of Twelve, the Administrator 
placed one member in charge of each of the 
nine departments, and gave to the other 
three special work that was constantly arising. 

One of his advisers was a man of distinguished 
lineage, but who, in his early youth, had been com- 
pelled to struggle against those unhappy conditions 
that followed reconstruction in the South. His in- 
tellect and force of character had brought him suc- 
cess in his early manhood, and he was the masterful 
head of a university that, under his guidance, was 
soon to become one of the foremost in the world. He 
was a trained political economist, and had rare dis- 
cernment in public affairs, therefore Dm leaned 
heavily upon him when he began to rehabilitate the 

Dru used Selwyn's unusual talents for organiza- 
tion and administration, in thoroughly overhauling 
the actual machinery of both Federal and State 



Governments. There was no doubt but that there 
was an enormous waste going on, and this he under- 
took to stop, for he felt sure that as much efficiency 
could be obtained at two-thirds the cost. One of his 
first acts as Administrator was to call together five 
great lawyers, who had no objectionable corporate 
or private practice, and give to them the task of 
defining the powers of all courts, both State and 

They were not only to remodel court pro- 
cedure, but to eliminate such courts as were un- 
necessary. To this board he gave the further task 
of reconstructing the rules governing lawyers, their 
practice before the courts, their relations to their 
clients and the amount and character of their fees 
under given conditions. 

Under Dru's instruction the commission was to 
limit the power of the courts to the extent that they 
could no longer pass upon the constitutionality of 
laws, their function being merely to decide, as be- 
tween litigants, what the law was, as was the practice 
of all other civilized nations. 

Judges, both Federal and State, were to be ap- 
pointed for life, subject to compulsory retirement 
at seventy, and to forced retirement at any time by a 


two-thirds vote of the House and a majority vote 
of the Senate. Their appointment was to be sug- 
gested by the President or Governor, as the case 
might be, and a majority vote of the House and a 
two-third vote of the Senate were necessary for con- 

High salaries were to be paid, but the number of 
judges was to be largely decreased, perhaps by 
two-thirds. This would be possible, because the sim- 
plification of procedure and the curtailment of their 
powers would enormously lessen the amount of work 
to be done. Dru called the Board's attention to the 
fact that England had about two hundred judges of 
all kinds, while there were some thirty-six hundred 
in the United States, and that the reversals by the 
English Courts were only about three per cent, of 
the reversals by the American Courts. 

The United States had, therefore, the most com- 
plicated, expensive and inadequate legal machinery 
of any civilized nation. Lawyers were no longer to 
be permitted to bring suits of doubtful character, and 
without facts and merit to sustain them. Hereafter 
it would be necessary for the attorney, and the client 
himself, to swear to the truth of the allegations sub- 
mitted in their petitions of suits and briefs. 


If they could not show that they had good reason 
to believe that their cause was just, they would be 
subject to fines and imprisonment, besides being sub- 
ject to damages by the defendant. Dru desired the 
Board on Legal Procedure and Judiciary to work 
out a fair and comprehensive system, based along the 
fundamental lines he had laid down, so that the peo- 
ple might be no longer ridden by either the law or 
the lawyer. It was his intention that no man was 
to be suggested for a judgeship or confirmed who was 
known to drink to excess, either regularly or period- 
ically, or one who was known not to pay his per- 
sonal debts, or had acted in a reprehensible manner 
either in private or in his public capacity as a law- 

Any of these habits or actions occurring after ap- 
pointment was to subject him to impeachment. 
Moreover, any judge who used his position to favor 
any individual or corporation, or who deviated from 
the path of even and exact justice for all, or who 
heckled a litigant, witness or attorney, or who treated 
them in an unnecessarily harsh or insulting manner, 
was to be, upon complaint duly attested to by relia- 
ble witnesses, tried for impeachment. 

The Administrator was positive in his determina- 


tion to have the judiciary a most efficient bureau of the 
people, and to have it sufficiently well paid to obtain 
the best talent. He wanted it held in the highest 
esteem, and to have an appointment thereon consid- 
ered one of the greatest honors of the Republic. To 
do this he knew it was necessary for its members to 
be able, honest, temperate and considerate. 



DRU selected another board of five lawyers, 
and to them he gave the task of reforming 
legal procedure and of pruning down the ex- 
isting laws, both State and National, cutting out 
the obsolete and useless ones and rewriting those rec- 
ommended to be retained, in plain and direct lan- 
guage free from useless legal verbiage and under- 
standable to the ordinary lay citizen. 

He then created another board, of even greater 
ability, to read, digest and criticise the work of the 
other two boards and report their findings directly 
to him, giving a brief summary of their reasons and 
recommendations. To assist in this work he en- 
gaged in an advisory capacity three eminent lawyers 
from England, Germany and France respectively. 

The three boards were urged to proceed with as 
much despatch as possible, for Dru knew that it would 
take at least several years to do it properly, and 
afterwards he would want to place the new code of 



laws in working order under the reformed judiciary 
before he would be content to retire. The other 
changes he had in mind he thought could be accom- 
plished much more quickly. 

Among other things, Dru directed that the States 
should have a simplification of land titles, so that 
transfers of real estate could be made as easy as 
the transfer of stocks, and with as little expense, no 
attorneys' fees for examination of titles, and no re- 
cording fees being necessary. The title could not 
be contested after being once registered in a name, 
therefore no litigation over real property could be 
possible. It was estimated by Dru's statisticians 
that in some States this would save the people an- 
nually a sum equal to the cost of running their gov- 

A uniform divorce law was also to be drawn and put 
into operation, so that the scandals arising from the 
old conditions might no longer be possible. 

It was arranged that when laws affecting the 
States had been written, before they went into effect 
they were to be submitted to a body of lawyers made 
up of one representative from each State. This body 
could make suggestions for such additions or elimina- 
tions as might seem to them pertinent, and con- 


forming with conditions existing in their respective 
commonwealths, but the board was to use its judg- 
ment in the matter of incorporating the suggestions 
in the final draft of the law. It was not the Ad- 
ministrator's purpose to rewrite at that time the 
Federal and State Constitutions, but to do so at a 
later date when the laws had been rewritten and de- 
cided upon; he wished to first satisfy himself as to 
them and their adaptability to the existing condi- 
tions, and then make a constitution conforming with 
them. This would seem to be going at things back- 
ward, but it recommended itself to Dru as the sane 
and practical way to have the constitutions and laws 
in complete harmony. 

The formation of the three boards created much 
disturbance among judges, lawyers and corporations, 
but when the murmur began to assume the propor- 
tions of a loud-voiced protest, General Dru took the 
matter in hand. He let it be known that it would 
be well for them to cease to foment trouble. He 
pointed out that heretofore the laws had been made 
for the judges, for the lawyers and for those whose 
financial or political influence enabled them to obtain 
special privileges, but that hereafter the whole legal 
machinery was to be run absolutely in the interest of 


the people. The decisive and courageous manner in 
which he handled this situation, brought him the 
warm and generous approval of the people and they 
felt that at last their day had come. 



THE question of taxation was one of the most 
complex problems with which the Adminis- 
trator had to deal. As with the legal ma- 
chinery he formed a board of five to advise with 
him, and to carry out his very well-defined ideas. 
Upon this board was a political economist, a banker, 
who was thought to be the ablest man of his pro- 
fession, a farmer who was a very successful and 
practical man, a manufacturer and a Congressman, 
who for many years had been the consequential 
member of the Ways and Means Committee. All 
these men were known for their breadth of view and 
their interest in public affairs. 

Again, Dru went to England, France and Ger- 
many for the best men he could get as advisers to 
the board. He offered such a price for their serv- 
ices that, eminent as they were, they did not feel 
that they could refuse. He knew the best were the 



At the first sitting of the Committee, Dru told 
them to consider every existing tax law obliterated, 
to begin anew and to construct a revenue system 
along the lines he indicated for municipalities, coun- 
ties, states and the Nation. He did not contemplate, 
he said, that the new law should embrace all the 
taxes which the three first-named civil divisions could 
levy, but that it should apply only where taxes 
related to the general government. Nevertheless, 
Dru was hopeful that such a system would be devised 
as would render it unnecessary for either municipali- 
ties, counties or states to require any further revenue. 
Dru directed the board to divide each state into 
districts for the purpose of taxation, not making 
them large enough to be cumbersome, and yet not 
small enough to prohibit the employment of able 
men to form the assessment and collecting boards. 
He suggested that these boards be composed of four 
local men and one representative of the Nation, 

He further directed that the tax on realty both 
in the country and the city should be upon the fol- 
lowing basis : Improvements on city property 
were to be taxed at one-fifth of their value, and the 
naked property either in town or country at two- 
thirds of its value. The fact that country property; 


used for agricultural purposes was improved, should 
not be reckoned. In other words, if A had one hun- 
dred acres with eighty acres of it in cultivation and 
otherwise improved, and B had one hundred acres 
beside him of just as good land, but not in cultivation 
or improved, B's land should be taxed as much as 

In cities and towns taxation was to be upon a 
similar basis. For instance, when there was a lot, 
say, one hundred feet by one hundred feet with im- 
provements upon it worth three hundred thousand 
dollars, and there was another lot of the same size 
and value, the improved lot should be taxed only 
sixty thousand more than the unimproved lot; that 
is, both lots should be taxed alike, and the improve- 
ment on the one should be assessed at sixty thou- 
sand dollars or one-fifth of its actual value. 

This, Dm pointed out, would deter owners from 
holding unimproved realty, for the purpose of get- 
ting the unearned increment made possible by the 
thrift of their neighbors. In the country it would 
open up land for cultivation now lying idle, provide 
homes for more people, cheapen the cost of living to 
all, and make possible better schools, better roads 


and a better opportunity for the successful co- 
operative marketing of products. 

In the cities and towns, it would mean a more 
homogeneous population, with better streets, better 
sidewalks, better sewerage, more convenient churches 
and cheaper rents and homes. As it was at that 
time, a poor man could not buy a home nor rent 
one near his work, but must needs go to the out- 
skirts of his town, necessitating loss of time and 
cost of transportation, besides sacrificing the obvious 
comforts and conveniences of a more compact pop- 

The Administrator further directed the tax board 
to work out a graduated income tax exempting no 
income whatsoever. Incomes up to one thousand 
dollars a year, Dru thought, should bear a merely: 
nominal tax of one-half of one per cent. ; those of 
from one to two thousand, one per cent.; those 
of from two to five thousand, two per cent. ; those of 
from five to ten thousand, three per cent.; those 
of from ten to twenty thousand, six per cent. The 
tax on incomes of more than twenty thousand dol- 
lars a year, Dru directed, was to be rapidly in- 
creased, until a maximum of seventy per cent, was 


to be reached on those incomes that were ten million 
dollars, or above. 

False returns, false swearing, or any subterfuge 
to defraud the Government, was to be punished by 
not less than six months or more than two years 
in prison. The board was further instructed to in- 
corporate in their tax measure, an inheritance tax 
clause, graduated at the same rate as in the income 
tax, and to safeguard the defrauding of the Govern- 
ment by gifts before death and other devices. 



ALONG with the first board on tax laws, Ad- 
ministrator Dm appointed yet another com- 
mission to deal with another phase of this 
subject. The second board was composed of econo- 
mists and others well versed in matters relating to 
the tariff and Internal Revenue, who, broadly speak- 
ing, were instructed to work out a tariff law which 
would contemplate the abolishment of the theory of 
protection as a governmental policy. A tariff was 
to be imposed mainly as a supplement to the other 
taxes, the revenue from which, it was thought, would 
be almost sufficient for the needs of the Government, 
considering the economies that were being made. 

Dru's father had been an ardent advocate of 
State rights, and the Administrator had been reared 
in that atmosphere; but when he began to think 
out such questions for himself, he realized that den- 
sity of population and rapid inter-communication 
afforded by electric and steam railroads, motors, 



aeroplanes, telegraphs and telephones were, to all 
practical purposes, obliterating State lines and mold- 
ing the country into a homogeneous nation. 

Therefore, after the Revolution, Dru saw that the 
time had come for this trend to assume more definite 
form, and for the National Government to take upon 
itself some of the functions heretofore exclusively 
within the jurisdiction of the States. Up to the time 
of the Revolution a state of chaos had existed. For 
instance, laws relating to divorces, franchises, inter- 
state commerce, sanitation and many other things 
were different in each State, and nearly all were 
inefficient and not conducive to the general welfare. 
Administrator Dru therefore concluded that the time 
had come when a measure of control of such things 
should be vested in the Central Government. He 
therefore proposed enacting into the general laws a 
Federal Incorporation Act, and into his scheme of 
taxation a franchise tax that would not be more 
burdensome than that now imposed by the States. 
He also proposed making corporations share with 
the Government and States a certain part of 
their net earnings, public service corporations to a 
greater extent than others. Dru's plan contem- 
plated that either the Government or the State in 


which the home or headquarters of any corporation 
was located was to have representation upon the 
boards of such corporation, in order that the in- 
terests of the National, State, or City Government 
could be protected, and so as to insure publicity in 
the event it was needful to correct abuses. 

He had incorporated in the Franchise Law the 
right of Labor to have one representative upon the 
boards of corporations and to share a certain per- 
centage of the earnings above their wages, after a 
reasonable per cent, upon the capital had been 
earned. 1 In turn, it was to be obligatory upon them 
not to strike, but to submit all grievances to arbi- 
tration. The law was to stipulate that if the busi- 
ness prospered, wages should be high; if times were 
dull, they should be reduced. 

The people were asked to curb their prejudice 
against corporations. It was promised that in the 
future corporations should be honestly run, and in 
the interest of the stockholders and the public. Dru 
expressed the hope that their formation would be 
welcomed rather than discouraged, for he was sure 
that under the new law it would be more to the 
public advantage to have business conducted by cor- 

iSee page 300. 


porations than by individuals in a private capacity. 
In the taxation of real estate, the unfair practice 
of taxing it at full value when mortgaged and then 
taxing the holder of the mortgage, was to be abol- 
ished. The same was to be true of bonded indebted- 
ness on any kind of property. The easy way to do 
this was to tax property and not tax the evidence 
of debt, but Dru preferred the other method, that 
of taxing the property, less the debt, and then tax- 
ing the debt wherever found. 

His reason for this was that, if bonds or other 
forms of debt paid no taxes, it would have a tend- 
ency to make investors put money into that kind of 
security, even though the interest was correspond- 
ingly low, in order to avoid the trouble of rendering 
and paying taxes on them. This, he thought, might 
keep capital out of other needful enterprises, and 
give a glut of money in one direction and a paucity 
in another. Money itself was not to be taxed as was 
then done in so many States. 



WHILE the boards and commissions ap- 
pointed by Administrator Dru were work- 
ing out new tax, tariff and revenue laws, 
establishing the judiciary and legal machinery on 
a new basis and revising the general law, it was 
necessary that the financial system of the country 
also should be reformed. Dru and his advisers saw 
the difficulties of attacking this most intricate ques- 
tion, but with the advice and assistance of a com- 
mission appointed for that purpose, they began the 
formulation of a new banking law, affording a flexi- 
ble currency, bottomed largely upon commercial 
assets, the real wealth of the nation, instead of upon 
debt, as formerly. 

This measure was based upon the English, French 
and German plans, its authors taking the best from 
each and making the whole conform to American 
needs and conditions, Dru regarded this as one of 
his most pressing reforms, for he hoped that it would 



not only prevent panics, as formerly, but that its 
final construction would completely destroy the 
credit trust, the greatest, the most far reaching and, 
under evil direction, the most pernicious trust of 

While in this connection, as well as all others, he 
was insistent that business should be honestly con- 
ducted, yet it was his purpose to throw all possible 
safeguards around it. In the past it had been not 
only harassed by a monetary system that was a mere 
patchwork affair and entirely inadequate to the needs 
of the times, but it had been constantly threatened 
by tariff, railroad and other legislation calculated 
to cause continued disturbance. The ever-present 
demagogue had added to the confusion, and, alto- 
gether, legitimate business had suffered more during 
the long season of unrest than had the law-defying 

Dru wanted to see the nation prosper, as he knew 
it could never have done under the old order, where 
the few reaped a disproportionate reward and to this 
end he spared no pains in perfecting the new financial 
system. In the past the railroads and a few in- 
dustrial monopolies had come in for the greatest 
amount of abuse and prejudice. This feeling while 


largely just, in his opinion, had done much harm. 
The railroads were the offenders in the first instance, 
he knew, and then the people retaliated, and in the 
end both the capitalists who actually furnished the 
money to build the roads and the people suffered. 

" In the first place," said Administrator Dru to 
his counsel during the discussion of the new financial 
system, " the roads were built dishonestly. Money 
was made out of their construction by the promoters 
in the most open and shameless way, and afterwards 
bonds and stocks were issued far in excess of the 
fraudulent so-called cost. Nor did the iniquity end 
there. Enterprises were started, some of a public 
nature such as grain elevators and cotton compresses, 
in which the officials of the railroads were financially 
interested. These favored concerns received rebates 
and better shipping facilities than their competitors 
and competition was stifled. 

" Iron mines and mills, lumber mills and yards, 
coal mines and yards, etc., etc., went into their ra- 
pacious maw, and the managers considered the rail- 
roads a private snap and ' the public be damned.' 

" These things," continued Dru, " did not consti- 
tute their sole offense, for, as you all know, they 
lobbied through legislatures the most unconscionable 


bills, giving them land, money and rights to further 
exploit the public. 

" But the thing that, perhaps, aroused resentment 
most was their failure to pay just claims. The idea 
in the old days, as you remember, was to pay noth- 
ing, and make it so expensive to litigate that one 
would prefer to suffer an injustice rather than go 
to court. From this policy was born the claim 
lawyer, who financed and fought through the courts 
personal injury claims, until it finally came to pass 
that in loss or damage suits the average jury would 
decide against the railroad on general principles. In 
such cases the litigant generally got all he claimed 
and the railroad was mulcted. There is no esti- 
mating how much this unfortunate policy cost the 
railroads of America up to the time of the Revolu- 
tion. The trouble was that the ultimate loss fell, not 
on those who inaugurated it but upon the innocent 
stock and bondholder of the roads. 

" While the problem is complicated," he continued, 
" its solution lies in the new financial system, to- 
gether with the new system of control of public utili- 

To this end, Dru laid down his plans by which 
public service corporations should be honestly, 


openly and efficiently run, so that the people should 
have good service at a minimum cost. 

Primarily the general Government, the state or 
the city, as the case might be, were to have repre- 
sentation on the directorate, as previously indicated. 
They were to have full access to the books, and 
semi-annually each corporation was to be compelled 
to make public a full and a clear report, giving 
the receipts and expenditures, including salaries 
paid to high officials. These corporations were also 
to be under the control of national and state com- 

While the Nation and State were to share in the 
earnings, Dru demanded that the investor in such 
corporate securities should have reasonable profits, 
and the fullest protection, in the event states or 
municipalities attempted to deal unfairly with them, 
as had heretofore been the case in many instances. 

The Administrator insisted upon the prohibition 
of franchise to " holding companies " of whatsoever 
character. In the past, he declared, they had been 
prolific trust breeders, and those existing at that 
time, he asserted, should be dissolved. 

Under the new law, as Dru outlined it, one com- 
pany might control another, but it would have to 


be with the consent of both the state and federal 
officials having jurisdiction in the premises, and it 
would have to be clear that the public would be 
benefited thereby. There was to be in the future no 
hiding under cover, for everything was to be done 
in the open, and in a way entirely understandable to 
the ordinary layman. 

Certain of the public service corporations, Dru 
insisted, should be taken over bodily by the National 
Government and accordingly the Postmaster General 
was instructed to negotiate with the telegraph and 
telephone companies for their properties at a fair 
valuation. They were to be under the absolute con- 
trol of the Postoffice Department, and the people 
were to have the transmission of all messages at cost, 
just as they had their written ones. A parcel post 
was also inaugurated, so that as much as twelve 
pounds could be sent at cost. 



THE further Administrator Dru carried his 
progress of reform, the more helpful he found 
Selwyn. Dru's generous treatment of him 
had brought in return a grateful loyalty. 

One stormy night, after Selwyn had dined with 
Dru, he sat contentedly smoking by a great log 
fire in the library of the small cottage which Dru 
occupied in the barracks. 

" This reminds me," he said, " of my early boy- 
hood, and of the fireplace in the old tavern where 
I was born." 

General Dru had long wanted to know of Selwyn, 
and, though they had arranged to discuss some im- 
portant business, Dru urged the former Senator to 
tell him something of his early life, 

Selwyn consented, but asked that the lights be 
turned off so that there would be only the glow 
from the fire, in order that it might seem more like 
the old days at home when his father's political 



cronies gathered about the hearth for their confiden- 
tial talks. 

And this was Selwyn's story: 

My father was a man of small education and kept 
a tavern on the outer edge of Philadelphia. I was 
his only child, my mother dying in my infancy. 

There was a bar connected with the house, and 
it was a rendezvous for the politicians of our ward. 

I became interested in politics so early that I can- 
not remember the time when I was not. My father 
was a temperate man, strong-willed and able, and 
I have often wondered since that he was content to 
end his days without trying to get beyond the en- 
vironments of a small tavern. 

He was sensitive, and perhaps his lack of educa- 
tion caused him to hesitate to enter a larger and 
more conspicuous field. 

However, he was resolved that I should not Be 
hampered as he was, and I was, therefore, given a 
good common school education first, and afterwards 
sent to Girard College, where I graduated, the young- 
est of my class. 

Much to my father's delight, I expressed a desire 
to study law, for it seemed to us both that this 


profession held the best opportunity open to me. 
My real purpose in becoming a lawyer was to aid 
me in politics, for it was clear to both my father 
and me that I had an unusual aptitude therefor. 

My study of law was rather cursory than real, 
and did not lead to a profound knowledge of the 
subject, but it was sufficient for me to obtain ad- 
mittance to the bar, and it was not long, young as 
I was, before my father's influence brought me a 
practice that was lucrative and which required but 
little legal lore. 

At that time the ward boss was a man by the 
name of Marx. While his father was a German, he 
was almost wholly Irish, for his father died when he 
was young, and he was reared by a masculine, master- 
ful, though ignorant Irish mother. 

He was my father's best friend, and there were 
no secrets between them. They seldom paid atten- 
tion to me, and I was rarely dismissed even when 
they had their most confidential talks. 

In this way, I early learned how our great Amer- 
ican cities are looted, not so much by those actually 
in power, for they are of less consequence than the 
more powerful men behind them. 

If any contract of importance was to be let, be 


it either public or private, Marx and his satellites 
took their toll. He, in his turn, had to account to 
the man above, the city boss. 

If a large private undertaking was contemplated, 
the ward boss had to be seen and consulted as to 
the best contractors, and it was understood that at 
least five per cent, more than the work was worth had 
to be paid, otherwise, there would be endless trouble 
and delay. The inspector of buildings would make 
trouble ; complaints would be made of obstructing the 
streets and sidewalks, and injunctions would be issued. 

So it was either to pay, or not construct. 

Marx provided work for the needy, loaned money 
to the poor, sick and disabled, gave excursions and 
picnics in the summer: for all of this others paid, 
but it enabled him to hold the political control of 
the ward in the hollow of his hand. 

The boss above him demanded that the council- 
men from his ward should be men who would do his 
bidding without question. 

The city boss, in turn, trafficked with the larger 
public contracts, and with the granting and exten- 
sions of franchises. It was a fruitful field, for 
there was none above him with whom he was com- 
pelled to divide. 


The State boss treated the city bosses with much 
consideration, for he was more or less dependent 
upon them, his power consisting largely of the sum 
of their power. 

The State boss dealt in larger things, and became 
a national figure. He was more circumspect in his 
methods, for he had a wider constituency and a more 
intelligent opposition. 

The local bosses were required to send to the legis- 
lature " loyal " party men who did not question the 
leadership of the State boss. 

The big interests preferred having only one man 
to deal with, which simplified matters ; consequently 
they were strong aids in helping him retain his power. 

Any measure they desired passed by the legis- 
lature was first submitted to him, and he would prune 
it until he felt he could put it through without doing 
too great violence to public sentiment. 

The citizens at large do not scrutinize measures 
closely; they are too busy in their own vineyards to 
bother greatly about things which only remotely or 
indirectly concern them. 

This selfish attitude and indifference of our people 
has made the boss and his methods possible. The 
" big interests " reciprocate in many and devious 


Ways, ways subtle enough to seem not dishonest even 
if exposed to public view. 

So that by early education I was taught to think 
that the despoliation of the public, in certain ways, 
Was a legitimate industry. 

Later, I knew better, but I had already started 
my plow in the furrow, and it was hard to turn back. 
I wanted money and I wanted power, and I could 
see both in the career before me. 

It was not long, of course, before I had discern- 
ment enough to see that I was not being employed 
for my legal ability. My income was practically 
made from retainers, and I was seldom called upon 
to do more than to use my influence so that my client 
should remain undisturbed in the pursuit of his busi- 
ness, be it legitimate or otherwise. 

Young as I was, Marx soon offered me a seat in 
the Council. It was my first proffer of office, but I 
declined it. I did not want to be identified with a 
body for which I had such a supreme contempt. 

My aim was higher. Marx, though, was sincere 
in his desire to further my fortunes, for he had no 
son, and his affection for my father and me was 

I frankly told him the direction in which my am- 


bition lay, and he promised me his cordial assistance. 
I wanted to get beyond ward politics, and in touch 
with the city boss. 

It was my idea that, if I could maintain myself 
with him, I would in time ask him to place me within 
the influence of the State boss, where my field of 
endeavor would be as wide as my abilities would jus- 

I did not lose my identity with my ward, but 
now my work covered all Philadelphia, and my re- 
tainers became larger and more numerous, for I was 
within the local sphere of the " big interests." 

At that time the boss was a man by the name of 
Hardy. He was born in the western part of the 
State, but came to Philadelphia when a boy, his 
mother having married the second time a man named 
Metz, who was then City Treasurer and who after- 
wards became Mayor. 

Hardy was a singular man for a boss; small of 
frame, with features almost effeminate, and with any- 
thing but a robust constitution, he did a prodigious 
amount of work. 

He was not only taciturn to an unusual degree, 
but he seldom wrote, or replied to letters. Yet he 
held an iron grip upon the organization. 


His personal appearance and quiet manners in- 
spired many ambitious underlings to try to dislodge 
him, but their failure was signal and complete. 

He had what was, perhaps, the most perfectly 
organized machine against which any municipality 
had ever had the misfortune to contend. 

Hardy made few promises and none of them rash, 
but no man could truthfully say that he ever broke 
one. I feel certain that he would have made good 
his spoken word even at the expense of his fortune 
or political power. 

Then, too, he played fair, and his henchmen knew 
it. He had no favorites whom he unduly rewarded 
at the expense of the more efficient. He had likes 
and dislikes as other men, but his judgment was never 
warped by that. Success meant advancement, failure 
meant retirement. 

And he made his followers play fair. There were 
certain rules of the game that had to be observed, 
and any infraction thereof meant punishment. 

The big, burly fellows he had under him felt pride 
in his physical insignificance, and in the big brain 
that had never known defeat. 

When I became close to him, I asked him why he 


had never expanded; that he must have felt sure 
that he could have spread his jurisdiction throughout 
the State, and that the labor in the broader position 
must be less than in the one he occupied. 

His reply was characteristic of the man. He said 
he was not where he was from choice, that environ- 
ment and opportunity had forced him into the posi- 
tion he occupied, but that once there, he owed it to 
his followers to hold it against all comers. He said 
that he would have given it up long ago, if it had 
not been for this feeling of obligation to those who 
loved and trusted him. To desert them, and to make 
new responsibilities, was unthinkable from his view- 

That which I most wondered at in Hardy was, 
his failure to comprehend that the work he was en- 
gaged in was dishonest. I led cautiously up to this 
one day, and this was his explanation: 

" The average American citizen refuses to pay at- 
tention to civic affairs, contenting himself with a 
general growl at the tax rate, and the character and 
inefficiency of public officials. He seldom takes the 
trouble necessary to form the Government to suit his 


" The truth is, he has no cohesive or well-digested 
views, it being too much trouble to form them. 
Therefore, some such organization as ours is essen- 
tial. Being essential, then it must have funds with 
which to proceed, and the men devoting their lives 
to it must be recompensed, so the system we use is 
the best that can be devised under the circumstances. 

" It is like the tariff and internal revenue taxes by 
which the National Government is run, that is, indi- 
rect. The citizen pays, but he does not know when 
he pays, nor how much he is paying. 

" A better system could, perhaps, be devised in 
both instances, but this cannot be done until the peo- 
ple take a keener interest in their public affairs. 

" Hardy was not a rich man, though he had every 
opportunity of being so. He was not avaricious, 
and his tastes and habits were simple, and he had 
no family to demand the extravagances that are 
undermining our national life. He was a vegetarian, 
and he thought, and perhaps rightly, that in a few 
centuries from now the killing of animals and the 
eating of their corpses would be regarded in the 
same way as we now think of cannibalism. 

" He divided the money that came to him amongst 


his followers, and this was one of the mainsprings 
of his power/ 1 

" All things considered, it is not certain but that 
he gave Philadelphia as good government as her in- 
different citizens deserved." 



BY the time I was thirty-six I had accumulated 
what seemed to me then, a considerable for- 
tune, and I had furthermore become Hardy's 
right-hand man. 

He had his forces divided in several classes, of 
choice I was ranged among those whose duties were 
general and not local. I therefore had a survey of 
the city as a whole, and was not infrequently in 
touch with the masters of the State at large. 

Hardy concerned himself about my financial wel- 
fare to the extent of now and then inquiring whether 
my income was satisfactory, and the nature of it. 
I assured him that it was and that he need have no 
further thought of me in that connection. 

I told him that I was more ambitious to advance 
politically than financially, and, while expressing 
my gratitude for all he had done for me and my keen 
regret at the thought of leaving him, I spoke again 
of nogr desire to enter State politics. 



Some six years before I had married the daughter 
of a State Senator, a man who was then seeking the 
gubernatorial nomination. 

On my account, Hardy gave him cordial support, 
but the State boss had other plans, and my father- 
in-law was shelved " for the moment," as the boss ex- 
pressed it, for one who suited his purposes better. 

Both Hardy, my father-in-law, and their friends 
resented this action, because the man selected was 
not in line for the place and the boss was not con- 
forming to the rules of the game. 

They wanted to break openly and immediately, 
but I advised delay until we were strong enough to 
overthrow him. 

The task of quietly organizing an effective oppo- 
sition to the State boss was left to me, and although 
I lost no time, it was a year before I was ready to 
make the fight. 

In the meanwhile, the boss had no intimation of 
the revolt. My father-in-law and Hardy had, by 
my direction, complied with all the requests that he 
made upon them, and he thought himself never more 

I went to the legislature that year in accordance 
with our plans, and announced myself a candidate 


for speaker. I did this without consulting the boss 
and purposely. He had already selected another 
man, and had publicly committed himself to his can- 
didacy, which was generally considered equivalent 
to an election. 

The candidate was a weak man, and if the boss 
had known the extent of the opposition that had de- 
veloped, he would have made a stronger selection. 
As it was, he threw not only the weight of his own 
influence for his man and again irrevocably com- 
mitted himself, but he had his creature, the Gov- 
ernor, do likewise. 

My strength was still not apparent, for I had my 
forces well in hand, and while I had a few declare 
themselves for me, the major part were non-com- 
mittal, and spoke in cautious terms of general ap- 
proval of the boss's candidate. 

The result was a sensation. I was elected by a 
safe, though small, majority, and, as a natural re- 
sult, the boss was deposed and I was proclaimed 
his successor. 

I had found in organizing the revolt that there 
were many who had grievances which, from fear, 
they had kept hidden but when they were shown that 


they could safely be revenged, they eagerly took 
advantage of the opportunity. 

So, in one campaign, I burst upon the public as 
the party leader, and the question was now, how 
would I use it and could I hold it. 



FLUSHED though I was with victory, and with 
the flattery of friends, time servers and syco- 
phants in my ears, I felt a deep sympathy for 
the boss. He was as a sinking ship and as such de- 
serted. Yesterday a thing for envy, to-day an ob- 
ject of pity. 

I wondered how long it would be before I, too, 
would be stranded. 

The interests, were, of course, among the first to 
congratulate me and to assure me of their support. 
During that session of the legislature, I did not 
change the character of the legislation, or do any- 
thing very different from the usual. I wanted to 
feel my seat more firmly under me before attempt- 
ing the many things I had in mind. 

I took over into my camp all those that I could 
reasonably trust, and strengthened my forces every- 
where as expeditiously as possible. I weeded out 



the incompetents, of whom there were many, and re- 
placed them by big-hearted, loyal and energetic 
men, who had easy consciences when it came to deal- 
ing with the public affairs of either municipalities, 
counties or the State. 

Of necessity, I had to use some who were vicious 
and dishonest, and who would betray me in a mo- 
ment if their interests led that way. But of these 
there were few in my personal organization, though 
from experience, I knew their kind permeated the 
municipal machines to a large degree. 

The lessons learned from Hardy were of value to 
me now. I was liberal to my following at the ex- 
pense of myself, and I played the game fair as they 
knew it. 

I declined re-election to the next legislature, be- 
cause the office was not commensurate with the dig- 
nity of the position I held as party leader, and 
again, because the holding of state office was now a 
perilous undertaking. 

In taking over the machine from the late boss, and 
in molding it into an almost personal following I 
found it not only loosely put together, but ineffi- 
cient for my more ambitious purposes. 


After giving it four or five years of close atten- 
tion, I was satisfied with it, and I had no fear of 

I had found that the interests were not paying 
anything like a commensurate amount for the spe- 
cial privileges they were getting, and I more than 
doubled the revenue obtained by the deposed boss. 

This, of course, delighted my henchmen, and 
bound them more closely to me. 

I also demanded and received information in ad- 
vance of any extensions of railroads, standard or 
interurban, of contemplated improvements of what- 
soever character, and I doled out this information 
to those of my followers in whose jurisdiction lay 
such territory. 

My own fortune I augmented by advance infor- 
mation regarding the appreciation of stocks. If an 
amalgamation of two important institutions was to 
occur, or if they were to be put upon a dividend 
basis, or if the dividend rate was to be increased, I 
was told, not only in advance of the public, but in 
advance of the stockholders themselves. 

All such information I held in confidence even 
from my own followers, for it was given me with 
such understanding. 


My next move was to get into national politics. 
I became something of a factor at the national con- 
vention, by swinging Pennsylvania's vote at a criti- 
cal time ; the result being the nomination of the now 
President, consequently my relations with him were 
most cordial. 

The term of the senior Senator from our State 
was about to expire, and, although he was well ad- 
vanced in years, he desired re-election. 

I decided to take his seat for myself, so I asked 
the President to offer him an ambassadorship. He 
did not wish to make the change, but when he under- 
stood that it was that or nothing, he gracefully ac- 
quiesced in order that he might be saved the humilia- 
tion of defeat. 

When he resigned, the Governor offered me the 
appointment for the unexpired term. It had only 
three months to run before the legislature met to 
elect his successor. 

I told him that I could not accept until I had con- 
ferred with my friends. I had no intention of re- 
fusing, but I wanted to seem to defer to the judg- 
ment of my lieutenants. 

I called them to the capital singly, and explained 
that I could be of vastly more service to the organi- 


zation were I at Washington, and I arranged with 
them to convert the rank and file to this view. 

Each felt that the weight of my decision rested 
upon himself, and their vanity was greatly pleased. 
I was begged not to renounce the leadership, and 
after persuasion, this I promised not to do. 

As a matter of fact, it was never my intention to 
release my hold upon the State, thus placing myself 
in another's power. 

So I accepted the tender of the Senatorship, and 
soon after, when the legislature met, I was elected 
for the full term. 

I was in as close touch with my State at Wash- 
ington as I was before, for I spent a large part of 
my time there. 

I was not in Washington long before I found that 
the Government was run by a few men; that out- 
side of this little circle no one was of much impor- 

It was my intention to break into it if possible, 
and my ambition now leaped so far as to want, not 
only to be of it, but later, to be IT. 

I began my crusade by getting upon confidential 
terms with the President. 

One night, when we were alone in his private study, 


I told him of the manner and completeness of my 
organization in Pennsylvania. I could see he was 
deeply impressed. He had been elected by an un- 
comfortably small vote, and he was, I knew, looking 
for someone to manage the next campaign, provided 
he again received the nomination. 

The man who had done this work in the last elec- 
tion was broken in health, and had gone to Europe 
for an indefinite stay. 

The President questioned me closely, and ended 
by asking me to undertake the direction of his com- 
paign for re-nomination, and later to manage the 
campaign for his election in the event he was again 
the party's candidate. 

I was flattered by the proffer, and told him so, 
but I was guarded in its acceptance. I wanted him 
to see more of me, hear more of my methods and to 
become, as it were, the suppliant. 

This condition was soon brought about, and I en- 
tered into my new relations with him under the most 
favorable circumstances. 

If I had readily acquiesced he would have as- 
sumed the air of favoring me, as it was, the rule was 

He was overwhelmingly nominated and re-elected, 


and for the result he generously gave me full credit. 

I was now well within the charmed circle, and 
within easy reach of my further desire to have no 
rivals. This came about naturally and without 

The interests, of course, were soon groveling at 
my feet, and, heavy as my demands were, I some- 
times wondered like Clive at my own moderation. 

The rest of my story is known to you. I had 
tightened a nearly invisible coil around the people, 
which held them fast, while the interests despoiled 
them. We overdid it, and you came with the con- 
science of the great majority of the American peo- 
ple back of you, and swung the Nation again into 
the moorings intended by the Fathers of the Repub- 

When Selwyn had finished, the fire had burned 
low, and it was only now and then that his face was 
lighted by the flickering flames revealing a sadness 
that few had ever seen there before. 

Perhaps he saw in the dying embers something 
typical of his life as it now was. Perhaps he longed 
to recall his youth and with it the strength, the 


nervous force and the tireless thought that he had 
used to make himself what he was. 

When life is so nearly spilled as his, things are 
measured differently, and what looms large in the 
beginning becomes but the merest shadow when the 
race has been run. 

As he contemplated the silent figure, Philip Dru 
felt something of regret himself, for he now knew 
the groundwork of the man, and he was sure that 
under other conditions, a career could have been 
wrought more splendid than that of any of his 



IN modeling the laws, Dru called to the attention 
of those boards that were doing that work, the 
so-called " loan sharks," and told them to deal 
with them with a heavy hand. By no sort of sub- 
terfuge were they to be permitted to be usurious. 
By their nefarious methods of charging the maxi- 
mum legal rate of interest and then exacting a com- 
mission for monthly renewals of loans, the poor and 
the dependent were oftentimes made to pay several 
hundred per cent, interest per annum. The crimi- 
nal code was to be invoked and protracted terms in 
prison, in addition to fines, were to be used against 

He also called attention to a lesser, though seri- 
ous, evil, of the practice of farmers, mine-owners, 
lumbermen and other employers of ignorant labor, of 
making advances of food, clothing and similar neces- 
sities to their tenants or workmen, and charging 
them extortionate prices therefor, thus securing the 



use of their labor at a cost entirely incommensurate 
with its value. 

Stock, cotton and produce exchanges as then 
conducted came under the ban of the Administrator's 
displeasure, and he indicated his intention of re- 
forming them to the extent of prohibiting, under 
penalty of fine and imprisonment, the selling either 
short or long, stocks, bonds, commodities of what- 
soever character, or anything of value. 

Banks, corporations or individuals lending money 
to any corporation or individual whose purpose it 
was known to be to violate this law, should be 
deemed as guilty as the actual offender and should 
be as heavily punished. 

An immediate enforcement of this law was made 
because, just before the Revolution, there was car- 
ried to a successful conclusion a gigantic but in- 
iquitous cotton corner. Some twenty or more ad- 
venturous millionaires, led by one of the boldest 
speculators of those times, named Hawkins, planned 
and succeeded in cornering cotton. 

It seemed that the world needed a crop of 16,- 
000,000 bales, and while the yield for the year was 
uncertain it appeared that the crop would run to 
that figure and perhaps over. Therefore, prices 


were low and spot-cotton was selling around eight 
cents, and futures for the distant months were not 
much higher. 

By using all the markets and exchanges and by 
exercising much skill and secrecy, Hawkins suc- 
ceeded in buying two million bales of actual cotton, 
and ten million bales of futures at an approximate 
average of nine and a half cents. He had the ac- 
tual cotton stored in relatively small quantities 
throughout the South, much of it being on the farms 
and at the gins where it was bought. Then, in 
order to hide his identity, he had incorporated a 
company called " The Farmers' Protective Associ- 

Through one of his agents he succeeded in officer- 
ing it with well-known Southerners, who knew only 
that part of the plan which contemplated an increase 
in prices, and were in sympathy with it. 

He transferred his spot-cotton to this company, 
the stock of which he himself held through his 
dummies, and then had his agents burn the entire 
two million bales. The burning was done quickly 
and with spectacular effect, and the entire commer- 
cial world, both in America and abroad, were as- 
tounded by the act. 


Once before in isolated instances the cotton 
planter had done this, and once the farmers of the 
West, discouraged by low prices, had used corn for 
fuel. That, however, was done on a small scale. 
But to deliberately burn one hundred million dol- 
lars worth of property was almost beyond the scope 
of the imagination. 

The result was a cotton panic, and Hawkins suc- 
ceeded in closing out his futures at an average price 
of fifteen cents, thereby netting twenty-five dollars a 
bale, and making for himself and fellow buccaneers 
one hundred and fifty million dollars. 

After amazement came indignation at such fright- 
ful abuse of concentrated wealth. Those of Wall 
Street that were not caught, were open in their ex- 
pressions of admiration for Hawkins, for of such 
material are their heroes made. 



AT the end of the first quarter of the present 
century, twenty of the forty-eight States had 
Woman Suffrage, and Administrator Dru de- 
cided to give it to the Nation. In those twenty 
States, as far as he had observed, there had been 
no change for the better in the general laws, nor did 
the officials seem to have higher standards of ef- 
ficiency than in those States that still denied to 
women the right to vote, but he noticed that there 
were more special laws bearing on the moral and 
social side of life, and that police regulation was 
better. Upon the whole, Dru thought the result 
warranted universal franchise without distinction of 
race, color or sex. 

He believed that, up to the present time, a gen- 
eral franchise had been a mistake and that there 
should have been restrictions and qualifications, but 
education had become so general, and the condition 


of the people had advanced to such an extent, that 
it was now warranted. 

It had long seemed to Dm absurd that the igno- 
rant, and, as a rule, more immoral male, should have 
such an advantage over the educated, refined and 
intelligent female. Where laws discriminated at all, 
it was almost always against rather than in favor of 
women ; and this was true to a much greater extent in 
Europe and elsewhere than in the United States. 
Dm had a profound sympathy for the effort women 
were making to get upon an equality with men in the 
race for life: and he believed that with the franchise 
would come equal opportunity and equal pay for the 
same work. 

America, he hoped, might again lead in the uplift 
of the sex, and the example would be a distinct gain 
to women in those less forward countries where they 
were still largely considered as inferior to and some- 
what as chattels to man. 

Then, too, Dru had an infinite pity for the de- 
pendent and submerged life of the generality of 
women. Man could ask woman to mate, but women 
were denied this privilege, and, even when mated, 
oftentimes a life of never ending drudgery followed. 

Dru believed that if women could ever become 


economically independent of man, it would, to a large 
degree, mitigate the social evil. 

They would then no longer be compelled to marry, 
or be a charge upon unwilling relatives or, as in 
desperation they sometimes did, lead abandoned 



UPON assuming charge of the affairs of the 
Republic, the Administrator had largely 
retained the judiciary as it was then consti- 
tuted, and he also made but few changes in the per- 
sonnel of State and Federal officials, therefore there 
had, as yet, been no confusion in the public's busi- 
ness. Everything seemed about as usual, further 
than there were no legislative bodies sitting, and the 
function of law making was confined to one indi- 
vidual, the Administrator himself. 

Before putting the proposed laws into force, he 
wished them thoroughly worked out and digested. 
In the meantime, however, he was constantly placing 
before his Cabinet and Commissioners suggestions 
looking to the betterment of conditions, and he di- 
rected that these suggestions should be molded into 
law. In order that the people might know what 
further measures he had in mind for their welfare, 


other than those already announced, he issued the 
following address: 

" It is my purpose," said he, " not to give to you 
any radical or ill-digested laws. I wish rather to cull 
that which is best from the other nations of the earth, 
and let you have the benefit of their thought and ex- 
perience. One of the most enlightened foreign 
students of our Government has rightly said that 
' America is the most undemocratic of democratic 
countries. 9 We have been living under a Govern- 
ment of negation, a Government with an executive 
with more power than any monarch, a Government 
having a Supreme Court, clothed with greater au- 
thority than any similar body on earth; therefore, 
we have lagged behind other nations in democracy. 
Our Government is, perhaps, less responsive to the 
will of the people than that of almost any of the 
civilized nations. Our Constitution and our laws 
served us well for the first hundred years of our ex- 
istence, but under the conditions of to-day they are 
not only obsolete, but even grotesque. It is nearly 
impossible for the desires of our people to find ex- 
pression into law. In the latter part of the last cen- 
tury many will remember that an income tax was 


wanted. After many vicissitudes, a measure em- 
bodying that idea was passed by both Houses of 
Congress and was signed by the Executive. But 
that did not give to us an income tax. The Supreme 
Court found the law unconstitutional, and we have 
been vainly struggling since to obtain relief. 

" If a well-defined majority of the people of Eng- 
land, of France, of Italy or of Germany had wanted 
such a law they could have gotten it with reasonable 
celerity. Our House of Representatives is sup- 
posed to be our popular law-making body, and yet 
its members do not convene until a year and one 
month from the time they are elected. No matter 
how pressing the issue upon which a majority of 
them are chosen, more than a year must elapse before 
they may begin their endeavors to carry out the will 
of the people. When a bill covering the question 
at issue is finally introduced in the House, it is re- 
ferred to a committee, and that body may hold it at 
its pleasure. 

" If, in the end, the House should pass the bill, 
that probably becomes the end of it, for the Senate 
may kill it. 

" If the measure passes the Senate it is only after 


it has again been referred to a committee and then 
back to a conference committee of both Senate and 
House, and returned to each for final passage. 

" When all this is accomplished at a single ses- 
sion, it is unusually expeditious, for measures, no 
matter how important, are often carried over for 
another year. 

" If it should at last pass both House and Senate 
there is the Executive veto to be considered. If, 
however, the President signs the bill and it becomes 
a law, it is perhaps but short-lived, for the Supreme 
Court is ever present with its Damoclean sword. 

" These barriers and interminable delays have 
caused the demand for the initiative, referendum 
and recall. That clumsy weapon was devised in 
some States largely because the people were becom- 
ing restless and wanted a more responsive Govern- 

" I am sure that I shall be able to meet your 
wishes in a much simpler way, and yet throw suffi- 
cient safeguards around the new system to keep it 
from proving hurtful, should an attack of political 
hysteria overtake you. 

" However, there has never been a time in our his- 
tory when a majority of our people have not thought 


right on the public questions that came before them, 
and there is no reason to believe that they will think 
wrong now. 

" The interests want a Government hedged with 
restrictions, such as we have been living under, and 
it is easy to know why, with the example of the last 
administration fresh in the minds of all. 

" A very distinguished lawyer, once Ambassador 
to Great Britain, is reported as saying on Lincoln's 
birthday : * The Constitution is an instrument de- 
signedly drawn by the founders of this Government 
providing safeguards to prevent any inroads by pop- 
ular excitement or frenzy of the moment.' And 
later in the speech he says : * But I have faith in 
the sober judgment of the American people, that 
they will reject these radical changes, etc.' 

" If he had faith in the sober judgment of the 
American people, why not trust them to a measur- 
able extent with the conduct of their own affairs? 

" The English people, for a century or more, have 
had such direction as I now propose that you shall 
have, and for more than half a century the French 
people have had like power. They have in no way 
abused it, and yet the English and French Electorate 
surely are not more intelligent, or have better self- 


control, or more sober judgment than the American 

" Another thing to which I desire your attention 
called is the dangerous power possessed by the Pres- 
ident in the past, but of which the new Constitution 
will rob him. 

" The framers of the old Constitution lived in an 
atmosphere of autocracy and they could not know, 
as we do now, the danger of placing in one man's 
hands such enormous power, and have him so far 
from the reach of the people, that before they could 
dispossess him he might, if conditions were favorable, 
establish a dynasty. 

" It is astounding that we have allowed a century 
and a half go by without limiting both his term and 
his power. 

" In addition to giving you a new Constitution and 
laws that will meet existing needs, there are many 
other things to be done, some of which I shall briefly 
outline. I have arranged to have a survey made of 
the swamp lands throughout the United States. 
From reliable data which I have gathered, I am con- 
fident that an area as large as the State of Ohio can 
be reclaimed, and at a cost that will enable the Gov- 
ernment to sell it to home-seekers for less than one- 


fourth what they would have to pay elsewhere for 
similar land. 

" Under my personal direction, I am having pre- 
pared an old-age pension law and also a laborers' / 
insurance law, covering loss in cases of illness, in- 
capacity and death. 

" I have a commission working on an efficient co- 
operative system of marketing the products of small 
farms and factories. The small producers through- 
out America are not getting a sufficient return for 
their products, largely because they lack the facili- 
ties for marketing them properly. By cooperation 
they will be placed upon an equal footing with the 
large producers and small investments that hereto- 
fore have given but a meager return will become 

" I am also planning to inaugurate cooperative 
loan societies in every part of the Union, and I have \J 
appointed a commissioner to instruct the people as 
to their formation and conduct and to explain their 
beneficent results. 

" In many parts of Europe such societies have 
reached very high proficiency, and have been the 
means of bringing prosperity to communities that 
before their establishment had gone into decay. 


" Many hundred millions of dollars have been 
loaned through these societies and, while only a frac- 
tional part of their members would be considered 
good for even the smallest amount at a bank, the 
losses to the societies on loans to their members 
have been almost negligible; less indeed than regular 
bankers could show on loans to their clients. And 
yet it enables those that are almost totally without 
capital to make a fair living for themselves and fam- 

" It is my purpose to establish bureaus through 
the congested portions of the United States where 
men and women in search of employment can regis- 
ter and be supplied with information as to where 
and what kind of work is obtainable. And if no 
work is to be had, I shall arrange that every indigent 
,. / person that is honest and industrious shall be given 
employment by the Federal, State, County or Mu- 
nicipal Government as the case may be. Further- 
more, it shall in the future be unlawful for any em- 
ployer of labor to require more than eight hours 
work a day, and then only for six days a week. Con- 
ditions as are now found in the great manufacturing 
centers where employes are worked twelve hours a 



day, seven days in the week, and receive wages in- 
adequate for even an eight hour day shall be no 
longer possible. 

" If an attempt is made to reduce wages because 
of shorter hours or for any other cause, the em- 
ploye shall have the right to go before a magistrate 
and demand that the amount of wage be adjusted 
there, either by the magistrate himself or by a jury 
if demanded by either party. 

" Where there are a large number of employes af- 
fected, they can act through their unions or socie- 
ties, if needs be, and each party at issue may select 
an arbitrator and the two so chosen may agree upon 
a third, or they may use the courts and juries, as 
may be preferred. 

" This law shall be applicable to women as well 
as to men, and to every kind of labor. I desire to 
make it clear that the policy of this Government is 
that every man or woman who desires work shall 
have it, even if the Government has to give it, and I 
wish it also understood that an adequate wage must 
be paid for labor. 

" Labor is no longer to be classed as an inert com- 
modity to be bought and sold by the law of supply 


and demand, but the human equation shall hereafter 
be the commanding force in all agreements between 
man and capital. 

66 There is another matter to which I shall give my 
earnest attention and that is the reformation of the 
study and practice of medicine. It is well known 
that we are far behind England, Germany and 
France in the protection of our people from incompe- 
tent physicians and quackery. There is no more 
competent, no more intelligent or advanced men in 
the world than our American physicians and surgeons 
of the first class. 

" But the incompetent men measurably drag down 
the high standing of the profession. A large part 
of our medical schools and colleges are entirely unfit 
for the purposes intended, and each year they grant 
diplomas to hundreds of ignorant young men and 
women and license them to prey upon a more or less 
helpless people. 

" The number of physicians per inhabitant is al- 
ready ridiculously large, many times more than is 
needful, or than other countries where the average of 
the professions ranks higher, deem necessary. 

" I feel sure that the death list in the United States 


from the mistakes of these incompetents is simply 

" I shall create a board of five eminent men, two of 
whom shall be physicians, one shall be a surgeon, one 
a scientist and the other shall be a great educator, 
and to this board I shall give the task of formulating 
a plan by which the spurious medical colleges and 
medical men can be eradicated from our midst. 

" I shall call the board's attention to the fact that 
it is of as much importance to have men of fine 
natural ability as it is to give them good training, 
and, if it is practicable, I shall ask them to require 
some sort of adequate mental examination that will 
measurably determine this. 

" I have a profound admiration for the courage, 
the nobility and philanthropy of the profession as 
a whole, and I do not want its honor tarnished by 
those who are mercenary and unworthy. 

" In conclusion I want to announce that pensions 
will be given to those who fought on either side in 
the late war without distinction or reservation. 
However, it is henceforth to be the policy of this 
Government, so far as I may be able to shape it, 
that only those in actual need of financial aid shall 


receive pensions and to them it shall be given, 
whether they have or have not been disabled in con- 
sequence of their services to the nation. But to 
offer financial aid to the rich and well to do, is to 
offer an insult, for it questions their patriotism. 
Although the first civil war was ended over sixty 
years ago, yet that pension roll still draws heavily 
upon the revenue of the Nation. Its history has 
been a rank injustice to the noble armies of Grant 
and his lieutenants, the glory of whose achievements 
is now the common heritage of a United Country." 



DRU invited the Strawns to accompany him to 
Newport News to witness the launching of a 
new type of battleship. It was said to be, 
and probably was, impenetrable. Experts who 
had tested a model built on a large scale had de- 
clared that this invention would render obsolete 
every battleship in existence. The principle was 
this: Running back from the bow for a distance of 
60 feet only about 4< feet of the hull showed above 
the water line, and this part of the deck was con- 
caved and of the smoothest, hardest steel. Then 
came several turreted sections upon which guns were 
mounted. Around these turrets ran rims of pol- 
ished steel, two feet in width and six inches thick. 
These rims began four feet from the water line ancl 
ran four feet above the level of the turret decks. 
The rims were so nicely adjusted with ball bearings 
that the smallest blow would send them spinning 


around, therefore a shell could not penetrate be- 
cause it would glance off. 

Although the trip to the Newport News Dock 
yards was made in a Navy hydroaeroplane it took 
several hours, and Gloria used the occasion to urge 
upon Dru the rectification of some abuses of which 
she had special knowledge. 

" Philip," she said, " when I was proselytizing 
among the rich, it came to me to include the employer 
of women labor. I found but few who dissented 
from my statement of facts, but the answer was that 
trade conditions, the demand of customers for 
cheaper garments and articles, made relief imprac- 
ticable. Perhaps their profits are on a narrow 
basis, Philip; but the volume of their business is 
the touchstone of their success, for how otherwise 
could so many become millionaires? Just what the 
remedy is I do not know, but I want to give you the 
facts so that in recasting the laws you may plan 
something to alleviate a grievous wrong." 
" It is strange, Gloria, how often your mind and 
mine are caught by the same current, and how they 
drift in the same direction. It was only a few days 
ago that I picked up one of 0. Henry's books. In 
his ' Unfinished Story ' he tells of a man who 


dreamed that he died and was standing with a crowd 
of prosperous looking angels before Saint Peter, 
when a policeman came up and taking him by the 
wing asked: ' Are you with that bunch? * 

" * Who are they ? ' asked the man. 

" * Why,' said the policeman, ' they are the men 
who hired working girls and paid 'em five or six dol- 
lars a week to live on. Are you one of the bunch ? ' 

" * Not on your immortality,' answered the man. 
4 I'm only the fellow who set fire to an orphan asylum, 
and murdered a blind man for his pennies.' 

" Some years ago when I first read that story, I 
thought it was humor, now I know it to be pathos. 
Nothing, Gloria, will give me greater pleasure than 
to try to think out a solution to this problem, and 
undertake its application." 

Gloria then gave more fully the conditions gov- 
erning female labor. The unsanitary surround- 
ings, the long hours and the inadequate wage, the 
statistics of refuge societies showed, drove an appall- 
ing number of women and girls to the streets. No 
matter how hard they worked they could not earn 
sufficient to clothe and feed themselves properly. 
After a deadly day's work, many of them found 
stimulants of various kinds the cheapest means of 


bringing comfort to their weary bodies and hope- 
lost souls, and then the next step was the beginning 
of the end. 

By now they had come to Newport News and the 
launching of the battleship was made as Gloria 
christened her Columbia. After the ceremonies 
were over it became necessary at once to return 
to Washington, for at noon of the next day there 
was to be dedicated the Colossal Arch of Peace. 
Ten years before, the Government had undertaken 
this work and had slowly executed it, carrying out 
the joint conception of the foremost architect in 
America and the greatest sculptor in the world. 
Strangely enough, the architect was a son of New 
England, and the Sculptor was from and of the 

Upon one face of the arch were three heroic 
figures. Lee on the one side, Grant on the other, 
with Fame in the center, holding out a laurel wreath 
with either hand to both Grant and Lee. Among 
the figures clustered around and below that of Grant, 
were those of Sherman, Sheridan, Thomas and Han- 
cock, and among those around and below that of 
Lee, were Stonewall Jackson, the two Johnstons, 
Forrest, Pickett and Beauregard. Upon the other 


face of the arch there was in the center a heroic 
figure of Lincoln and gathered around him on either 
side were those Statesmen of the North and South 
who took part in that titanic civil conflict that came 
so near to dividing our Republic. 

Below Lincoln's figure was written : ?< With 
malice towards none, with charity for all." Below 
Grant, was his dying injunction to his fellow coun- 
trymen : " Let us have peace." But the silent and 
courtly Lee left no message that would fit his gigantic 



BESIDES the laws and reforms already 
enumerated, the following is in brief the plan 
for the General Government that Philip Dru 
outlined and carried through as Administrator of 
the Republic, and which, in effect, was made a part 
of the new constitution. 


1. Every adult citizen of the United States, male 
or female, shall have the right to vote, and no 
state, county or municipality shall pass a law 
or laws infringing upon this right. 

. Any alien, male or female, who can read, write 
and speak English, and who has resided in the 
United States for ten years, may take out 
naturalization papers and become a citizen. 1 

3. No one shall be eligible for election as Execu- 
tive, President, Senator, Representative or 
i See Appendix. 


Judge of any court under the age of twenty- 
five years, and who is not a citizen of the 
United States. 1 

4. No one shall be eligible for any other office, 
National or State, who is at the time, or who 
has been within a period of five years preced- 
ing, a member of any Senate or Court. 2 

1. The several states shall be divided into dis- 


tricts of three hundred thousand inhabitants 
each, and each district so divided shall have 
one representative, and in order to give the 
widest latitude as to choice, there shall be no 
restrictions as to residence. 3 

. The members of the House of Representatives 
shall be elected on the first Tuesday after the 
first Monday in November, and shall serve for / 

a term of six years, subject to a recall at the V/ 
end of each two years by a signed petition 
embracing one-third of the electorate of the 
district from which they were chosen. 4 

8. The House shall convene on the first Tuesday 

1 See Appendix. 3 See Appendix. 

2 See Appendix. * See Appendix. 


after the first Monday in January and shall 
never have more than five hundred members. 1 
4*. The House of Representatives shall elect a 
Speaker whose term of office may be continuous 
at the pleasure of the majority. He shall pre- 
side over the House, but otherwise his functions 
shall be purely formal. 

5. The House shall also choose an Executive, 
whose duties it shall be, under the direction of 
the House, to administer the Government. He 
may or may not be at the time of his election 
a member of the House, but he becomes an ex- 
officio member by virtue thereof. 

6. (a) The Executive shall have authority to 
select his Cabinet Officers from members of the 
House or elsewhere, other than from the Courts 
or Senates, and such Cabinet Officers shall by 
reason thereof, be ex-officio members of the 

(b) Such officials are to hold their positions at 
the pleasure of the Executive and the Executive 
is to hold his at the pleasure of the majority of 
the House. 

(c) In an address to the House, the Executive 
i See Appendix. 


shall, within a reasonable time after his selec- 
tion, outline his policy of Government, both 
domestic and foreign. 

(d) He and his Cabinet may frame bills cov- 
ering the suggestions made in his address, or 
any subsequent address that he may think 
proper to make, and introduce and defend 
them in the House. Measures introduced by 
the Executive or members of his Cabinet are 
not to be referred to committees, but are to 
be considered by the House as a whole, and 
their consideration shall have preference over 
measures introduced by other members. 
7. All legislation shall originate in the House. 


1. The Senate shall consist of one member from 
each State, and shall be elected for life, by 
direct vote of the people, and shall be subject 
to recall by a majority vote of the electors of 
his State at the end of any five-year period of 
his term. 1 

. (a) Every measure passed by the House, 
other than those relating solely to the raising 

i See Appendix, 


of revenue for the current needs of the Gov- 
ernment and the expenditure thereof, shall go 
to the Senate for approval. 

(b) The Senate may approve a measure ty a 
majority vote and it then becomes a law, or 
they may make such suggestions regarding the 
amendment as may seem to them pertinent, and 
return it to the House to accept or reject as 
they may see fit. 

(c) The Senate may reject a measure by a 
majority vote. If the Senate reject a meas- 
ure, the House shall have the right to dissolve 
and go before the people for their decision. 

(d) If the country approves the measure by 
returning a House favorable to it, then, upon 
its passage by the House in the same form as 
when rejected ~by the Senate, it shall become a 

3. (a) A Senator may be impeached by a ma- 
jority vote of the Supreme Court, upon an ac- 
tion approved by the House and brought by 
the Executive or any member of his Cabinet, 
(b) A Senator must retire at the age of sev- 
enty years, and he shall be suitably pensioned. 



1. The President shall be chosen by a majority 
vote of all the electors. His term shall be for 
ten years and he shall be ineligible for re-elec- 
tion, but after retirement he shall receive a 

. His duties shall be almost entirely formal and 

3. In the event of a hiatus in the Government from 
any source whatsoever, it shall be his duty im- 
mediately to call an election, and in the mean- 
time act as Executive until the regularly elected 
authorities can again assume charge of the 




TO the States, Administrator Dru gave govern- 
ments in all essentials like that of the nation. 
In brief the State instruments held the fol- 
lowing provisions: 

1. The House of Representatives shall consist of 
one member for every fifty thousand inhab- 
itants, and never shall exceed a membership of 
two hundred in any State. 

& Representatives shall be elected for a term of 
two years, but not more than one session shall 
be held during their tenure of office unless called 
in special session by the Speaker of the House 
with the approval of the Governor. 

3. Representatives shall be elected in November, 
and the House shall convene on the first Tues- 
day after the first Monday in January to sit 
during its own pleasure. 


4. Representatives shall make rules for their self- 
government and shall be the general state law 
making body. 


1. The Senate shall be composed of one member 
from each congressional district, but there 
shall never be less than five nor more than fifty 
in any State Senate. 

. Senators shall be elected for a term of ten years 
subject to recall at the end of each two years, 
by petition signed by a majority of the elec- 
torate of their district. 

3. (a) No legislation shall originate in the Sen- 
ate. Its function is to advise as to measures sent 
there by the House, to make suggestions and 
such amendments as might seem pertinent, and 
return the measure to the House, for its final 

(b) When a bill is sent to the Senate by the 
House, if approved, it shall become a law, if 
disapproved, it shall be returned to the House 
with the objections stated. 

(c) If the House considers a measure of suf- 
ficient importance, it may dissolve immediately 


and let the people pass upon it, or they may 
wait until a regular election for popular ac- 

(d) If the people approve the measure, the 
House must enact it In the same form as when 
disapproved by the Senate, and it shall then 
become a law. 


T. (a) The Governor shall be elected by a direct 
vote of all the people. 

(b) His term of office shall be six years, and 
he shall be ineligible for re-election. He shall 
be subject to recall at the end of every two 
years by a majority vote of the State. 1 

'& (a) He shall have no veto power or other con- 
trol over legislation, and shall not make any 
suggestions or recommendations in regard 

(b) His function shall be purely executive. 
He may select his own council or fellow com- 
missioners for the different governmental de- 
partments, and they shall hold their positions 
at his pleasure. 

i See Appendix. 


(c) All the Governor's appointees shall be con- 
firmed by the Senate before they may assume 

(d) The Governor may be held strictly ac- 
countable by the people for the honest, efficient 
and economical conduct of the government, due 
allowance being made for the fact that he is 
in no way responsible for the laws under which 
he must work. 

(e) It shall be his duty also to report to the 
legislature at each session, giving an account 
of his stewardship regarding the enforcement 
of the laws, the conduct of the different depart- 
ments, etc., etc., and making an estimate for 
the financial budget required for the two years 

3. (a) There shall be a Pardon Board of three 
members who shall pass upon all matters re- 
lating to the Penal Service. 

(b) This Board shall be nominated by the Gov- 
ernor and confirmed by the Senate. After their 
confirmation, the Governor shall have no further 
jurisdiction over them. 

(c) They shall hold office for six years and 
shall be ineligible for reappointment. 


(d) They shall be subject to removal by the 
joint action of the House of Representatives 
and the Senate for neglect or failure of duty. 

Besides the skeleton outline given of the simplified 
National and State Governments, the Administrator 
included a number of other provisions which seemed 
necessary to meet existing conditions. One of which 
was in regard to the civil service in the National, 
State, County and Municipal governments. Pri- 
marily, every employe of the people was to be sub- 
ject to the requirements of the service, but there 
were to be no removals except for good and sufficient 
cause. Moreover, it was stipulated that reasons for 
dismissal must be made public if requested by the 
official or employe dismissed. 

Dru recommended to the states and municipalities 
that they pay their officials sufficiently well to in- 
duce men of good ability to accept office. He pointed 
out that they could afford to be liberal in compensa- 
tion given, because the number of officials would be 
greatly reduced, and because the general scheme of 
government would be vastly more efficient and eco- 
nomical than any which had heretofore been in force. 



GENERAL DRU was ever fond of talking to 
Senator Selwyn. He found his virile mind 
a never-failing source of information. Busy 
as they both were they often met and exchanged 

In answer to a question from Dru, Selwyn said 
that while Pennsylvania and a few other States had 
been more completely under the domination of bosses 
than others, still the system permeated everywhere. 

In some States a railroad held the power, but ex- 
ercised it through an individual or individuals. 

In another State, a single corporation held it, 
and yet again, it was often held by a corporate 
group acting together. In many States one indi- 
vidual dominated public affairs and more often for 
good than for evil. 

The people simply would not take enough interest 
in their Government to exercise the right of control. 

Those who took an active interest were used as a 


part of the boss' tools, be he a benevolent one or 

" The delegates go to the conventions," said Sel- 
wyn, " and think they have something to do with 
the naming of the nominees, and the making of the 
platforms. But the astute boss has planned all that 
far in advance, the candidates are selected and the 
platform written and both are * forced ' upon the un- 
suspecting delegate, much as the card shark forced 
his cards upon his victim. It is all seemingly in the 
open and above the boards, but as a matter of fact 
quite the reverse is true. 

" At conventions it is usual to select some man who 
has always been honored and respected, and elect 
him chairman of the platform committee. He is 
pleased with the honor and is ready to do the bidding 
of the man to whom he owes it. 

" The platform has been read to him and he has 
been committed to it before his appointment as chair- 
man. Then a careful selection is made of dele- 
gates from the different senatorial districts and a 
good working majority of trusted followers is obtained 
for places on the committee. Someone nominates 
for chairman the * honored and respected ' and he is 
promptly elected. 


" Another member suggests that the committee, 
as it stands, is too unwieldy to draft a platform, and 
makes a motion that the chairman be empowered to 
appoint a sub-committee of five to outline one and 
submit it to the committee as a whole. 

" The motion is carried and the chairman ap- 
points five of the ' tried and true.' There is then an 
adjournment until the sub-committee is ready to re- 

" The five betake themselves to a room in some 
hotel and smoke, drink and swap stories until 
enough time has elapsed for a proper platform to be 

" They then report to the committee as a whole 
and, after some wrangling by the uninitiated, the plat- 
form is passed as the boss has written it without the 
addition of a single word. 

" Sometimes it is necessary to place upon the sub- 
committee a recalcitrant or two. Then the method 
is somewhat different. The boss' platform is cut into 
separate planks and first one and then another of the 
faithful offers a plank, and after some discussion a 
majority of the committee adopt it. So when the 
sub-committee reports back there stands the boss' 
handiwork just as he has constructed it. 


" Oftentimes there is no subterfuge, but the con- 
vention, as a whole, recognizes the pre-eminent ability 
of one man amongst them, and by common consent 
he is assigned the task." 

Selwyn also told Dru that it was often the prac- 
tice among corporations not to bother themselves 
about state politics further than to control the Sen- 

This smaller body was seldom more than one^ 
fourth as large as the House, and usually contained 
not more than twenty-five or thirty members. 

Their method was to control a majority of the 
Senate and let the House pass such measures as it 
pleased, and the Governor recommend such laws 
as he thought proper. Then the Senate would 
promptly kill all legislation that in any way touched 
corporate interests. 

Still another method which was used to advantage 
by the interests where they had not been vigilant in 
the protection of their " rights," and when they had 
no sure majority either in the House or Senate and 
no influence with the Governor, was to throw what 
strength they had to the stronger side in the fac- 
tional fights that were always going on in every 
State and in every legislature. 


Actual money, Selwyn said, was now seldom given 
in the relentless warfare which the selfish interests 
were ever waging against the people, but it was in- 
trigue, the promise of place and power, and the ever 
effectual appeal to human vanity. 

That part of the press which was under corporate 
control was often able to make or destroy a man's 
legislative and political career, and the weak and the 
vain and the men with shifty consciences, that the 
people in their fatuous indifference elect to make their 
laws, seldom fail to succumb to this subtle influence. 



IN one of their fireside talks, Selwyn told Dm 
that a potential weapon in the hands of those 
who had selfish purposes to subserve, was the 
long and confusing ballot. 

" Whenever a change is suggested by which it can 
be shortened, and the candidates brought within easy 
review of the electorate, the objection is always 
raised," said Selwyn, " that the rights of the people 
are being invaded. 

" 6 Let the people rule,' is the cry, 5 * he said, " and 
the unthinking many believing that democratic gov- 
ernment is being threatened, demand that they be 
permitted to vote for every petty officer. 

" Of course quite the reverse is true," continued 
Selwyn, " for when the ballot is filled with names of 
candidates running for general and local offices, 
there is, besides the confusion, the usual trading. As 
a rule, interest centers on the local man, and there is 



less scrutiny of those candidates seeking the more 
important offices." 

" While I had already made up my mind," said 
Dru, " as to the short ballot and a direct accounta- 
bility to the people, I am glad to have you confirm 
the correctness of my views." 

" You may take my word for it, General Dru, that 
the interests also desire large bodies of law makers 
instead of few. You may perhaps recall how vigor- 
ously they opposed the commission form of govern- 
ment for cities. 

" Under the old system when there was a large 
council, no one was responsible. If a citizen had 
a grievance, and complained to his councilman, he 
was perhaps truthfully told that he was not to blame. 
He was sent from one member of the city government 
to the other, and unable to obtain relief, in sheer 
desperation, he gave up hope and abandoned his ef- 
fort for justice. But under the commission form of 
government, none of the officials can shirk respon- 
sibility. Each is in charge of a department, and if 
there is inefficiency, it is easy to place the blame 
where it properly belongs. 

" Under such a system the administration of public 
affairs becomes at once, simple, direct and business- 


like. If any outside corrupt influences seek to creep 
in, they are easy of detection and the punishment can 
be made swift and certain." 

" I want to thank you again, Senator Selwyn, 
" for the help you have been to me in giving me the 
benefit of your ripe experience in public affairs," 
said Dru, " and there is another phase of the sub- 
ject that I would like to discuss with you. I have 
thought long and seriously how to overcome the fix- 
ing of prices by individuals and corporations, and 
how the people may be protected from that form of 

" When there is a monopoly or trust, it is easy to 
locate the offense, but it is a different proposition 
when one must needs deal with a large number of 
corporations and individuals, who, under the guise 
of competition, have an understanding, both as to 
prices and territory to be served. 

" For instance, the coal dealers, at the beginning 
of winter, announce a fixed price for coal. If there 
are fifty of them and all are approached, not one of 
them will vary his quotation from the other forty- 
nine. If he should do so, the coal operators would 
be informed and the offending dealer would find, by 
some pretext or another, his supply cut off. 


" We see the same condition regarding large sup- 
ply and manufacturing concerns which cover the 
country with their very essential products. A keen 
rivalry is apparent, and competitive bids in sealed 
envelopes are made when requested, but as a matter 
of fact, we know that there is no competition. Can 
you give me any information upon this matter ? " 

" There are many and devious ways by which the 
law can be evaded and by which the despoliation of 
the public may be accomplished," said Selwyn. 
" The representatives of those large business con- 
cerns meet and a map of the United States is spread 
out before them. This map is regarded by them 
very much as if it were a huge pie that is to be di- 
vided according to the capacity of each to absorb and 
digest his share. The territory is not squared off, 
that is, taking in whole sections of contiguous coun- 
try, but in a much more subtle way, so that the de- 
lusion of competition may be undisturbed. When sev- 
eral of these concerns are requested to make prices, 
they readily comply and seem eager for the order. 
The delusion extends even to their agents, who are 
as innocent as the would-be purchaser of the real 
conditions, and are doing their utmost to obtain the 
business. The concern in whose assigned territory 


the business originates, makes the price and informs 
its supposed rivals of its bid, so that they may each 
make one slightly higher." 

" Which goes to show," said Dru, " how easy it 
is to exploit the public when there is harmony among 
the exploiters. There seems to me to be two evils 
involved in this problem, Senator Selwyn, one is the 
undue cost to the people, and the other, but lesser, 
evil, is the protection of incompetency. 

" It is not the survival of the fittest, but an ex- 
cess of profits, that enables the incompetent to live 
and thrive." 

After a long and exhaustive study of this prob- 
lem, the Administrator directed his legal advisers to 
incorporate his views into law. 

No individual as such, was to be permitted to deal 
in what might be termed products of the natural re- 
sources of the country, unless he subjected himself 
to all the publicity and penalties that would accrue 
to a corporation, under the new corporate regula- 

Corporations, argued Dru, could be dealt with 
under the new laws in a way that, while fair to them, 
would protect the public. In the future, he reminded 
his commission, there would be upon the directo- 


rates a representative of either the National, State, 
or Municipal governments, and the books, and every 
transaction, would be open to the public. This would 
apply to both the owner of the raw material, be it 
mine, forest, or what not, as well as to the corpora- 
tion or individual who distributed the marketable 

It was Dru's idea that public opinion was to be 
invoked to aid in the task, and district attorneys 
and grand juries, throughout the country, were to 
be admonished to do their duty. If there was a 
fixity of prices in any commodity or product, or even 
approximately so, he declared, it would be prima 
facie evidence of a combination. 

In this way, the Administrator thought the evil 
of pools and trust agreements could be eradicated, 
and a healthful competition, content with reasonable 
profits, established. If a single corporation, by its 
extreme efficiency, or from unusual conditions, should 
constitute a monopoly so that there was practically 
no competition, then it would be necessary, he thought, 
for the Government to fix a price reasonable to all 
interests involved. 

Therefore it was not intended to put a limit on 
the size or the comprehensiveness of any corpora- 


tion, further than that it should not stifle competi- 
tion, except by greater efficiency in production and 
distribution. If this should happen, then the peo- 
ple and the Government would be protected by pub- 
licity, by their representative on the board of direct- 
ors and by the fixing of prices, if necessary. 

It had been shown by the career of one of the 
greatest industrial combinations that the world has 
yet known, that there was a limit where size and 
inefficiency met. The only way that this corpora- 
tion could maintain its lead was through the devious 
paths of relentless monopoly. 

Dru wanted America to contend for its share of 
the world's trade, and to enable it to accomplish this, 
he favored giving business the widest latitude con- 
sistent with protection of the people. 

When he assumed control of the Government, one 
of the many absurdities of the American economic 
system was the practical inhibition of a merchant 
marine. While the country was second to none in the 
value and quantity of production, yet its laws were so 
framed that it was dependent upon other nations for 
its transportation by sea; and its carrying trade was 
in no way commensurate with the diginity of the coast 
line and with the power and wealth of the Nation. 



AT about this time the wife of one of the Cabi- 
net officers died, and Administrator Dru at- 
tended the funeral. There was an unusually, 
large gathering, but it was plain that most of those 
who came did so from morbid curiosity. The poig- 
nant grief of the bereaved husband and children 
wrung the heartstrings of their many sympathetic 
friends. The lowering of the coffin, the fall of the 
dirt upon its cover, and the sobs of those around the 
grave, was typical of such occasions. 

Dru was deeply impressed and shocked, and he 
thought to use his influence towards a reformation 
of such a cruel and unnecessary form of burial. 
When the opportunity presented itself, he directed 
attention to the ob j ections to this method of disposing 
of the dead, and he suggested the formation in every 
community of societies whose purpose should be to 
use their* influence towards making interments pri- 
vate, and towards the substitution of cremation for 



the unsanitary custom of burial in cemeteries. These 
societies were urged to point out the almost pro- 
hibitive expense the present method entailed upon 
the poor and those of moderate means. The buying 
of the lot and casket, the cost of the funeral itself, 
and the discarding of useful clothing in order to 
robe in black, were alike unnecessary. Some less 
dismal insignia of grief should be adopted, he said, 
that need not include the entire garb. Grief, he 
pointed out, and respect for the dead, were in no 
way better evidenced by such barbarous customs. 

Rumor had it that scandal's cruel tongue was re- 
sponsible for this good woman's death. She was 
one of the many victims that go to unhappy graves 
in order that the monstrous appetite for gossip may 
be appeased. If there be punishment after death, 
surely, the creator and disseminator of scandal will 
come to know the anger and contempt of a righteous 
God. The good and the bad are all of a kind to 
them. Their putrid minds see something vile in 
every action, and they leave the drippings of their evil 
tongues wherever they go. Some scandalmongers 
are merely stupid and vulgar, while others have a 
biting wit that cause them to be feared and hated. 
Rumors they repeat as facts, and to speculations 


they add what corroborative evidence is needed. The 
dropping of the eyelids, the smirk that is so full 
of insinuation is used to advantage where it is 
more effective than the downright lie. The burglar 
and the highwayman go frankly abroad to gather in 
the substance of others, and they stand ready to for- 
feit both life and liberty while in pursuit of nefarious 
gain. Yet it is a noble profession compared with 
that of the scandalmonger, and the murderer him- 
self is hardly a more objectionable member of so- 
ciety than the character assassin. 



IN one of their confidential talks, Selwyn told 
Dru that he had a fortune in excess of two 
hundred million dollars, and that while it was 
his intention to amply provide for his immediate 
family, and for those of his friends who were in 
need, he desired to use the balance of his money in 
the best way he could devise to help his fellowmen. 

He could give for this purpose, he said, two hun- 
dred million dollars or more, for he did not want to 
provide for his children further than to ensure their 
entire comfort, and to permit them to live on a scale 
not measurably different from what they had been 

He had never lived in the extravagant manner that 
was usual in men of his wealth, and his children had 
been taught to expect only a moderate fortune at 
his death. He was too wise a man not to know that 
one of the greatest burdens that wealth imposed, 
was the saving of one's children from its contamina- 



tions. He taught his sons that they were seriously 
handicapped by their expectations of even moderate 
wealth, and that unless they were alert and vigilant 
and of good habits, the boy who was working his 
own way upward would soon outstrip them. They 
were taught that they themselves, were the natural 
objects of pity and parental concern, and not their 
seemingly less fortunate brothers. 

" Look among those whose parents have wealth 
and have given of it lavishly to their children," he 
said, " and count how few are valuable members of 
society or hold the respect of their fellows. 

" On the other hand, look at the successful in every 
vocation of life, and note how many have literally 
dug their way to success." 

The more Dm saw of Selwyn, the better he liked 
him, and knowing the inner man, as he then did, the 
more did he marvel at his career. He and Selwyn 
talked long and earnestly over the proper disposition 
of his fortune. They both knew that it was hard to 
give wisely and without doing more harm than good. 
Even in providing for his friends, Selwyn was none 
too sure that he was conferring benefits upon them. 
Most of them were useful though struggling mem- 
bers of society, but should competency come to them, 


he wondered how many would continue as such. 
There was one, the learned head of a comparatively 
new educational institution, with great resources ul- 
timately behind it. This man was building it on 
a sure and splendid foundation, in the hope that 
countless generations of youth would have cause to 
be grateful for the sagacious energy he was expend- 
ing in their behalf. 

He had, Selwyn knew, the wanderlust to a large 
degree, and the millionaire wondered whether, when 
this useful educator's slender income was augmented 
by the generous annuity he had planned to give him, 
he would continue his beneficent work or become a 
dweller in arabs' tents. 

In the plenitude of his wealth and generosity, he 
had another in mind to share his largess. He was 
the orphaned son of an old and valued friend. He 
had helped the lad over some rough places, but had 
been careful not to do enough to slacken the boy's 
own endeavor. The young man had graduated from 
one of the best universities, and afterwards at a 
medical school that was worthy the name. He was, 
at the time Selwyn was planning the disposition of 
his wealth, about thirty years old, and was doing 
valuable laboratory work in one of the great re- 


search institutions. Gifted with superb health, and 
a keen analytical mind, he seemed to have it in him 
to go far in his profession, and perhaps be of untold 
benefit to mankind. 

But Selwyn had noticed an indolent streak in the 
young scientist, and he wondered whether here again 
he was doing the fair and right thing by placing it 
within his power to lead a life of comparative ease 
and uselessness. Consequently, Selwyn moved cau- 
tiously in the matter of the distribution of his great 
wealth, and invoked Dru's aid. It was Dru's super- 
normal intellect, tireless energy, and splendid con- 
structive ability that appealed to him, and he not 
only admired the Administrator above all men, but 
he had come to love him as a son. Dru was the only 
person with whom Selwyn had ever been in touch 
whose advice he valued above his own judgment. 
Therefore when the young Administrator suggested 
a definite plan of scientific giving, Selwyn gave it 
respectful attention at first, and afterwards his en- 
thusiastic approval. 



F your fortune were mine, Senator Selwyn,". 
said Philip Dru, " I would devote it to the 
uplift of women. Their full rights will be 
accorded them in time, but their cause could be ac- 
celerated by you, and meanwhile untold misery and 
unhappiness averted. Man, who is so dependent 
upon woman, has largely failed in his duty to her, 
not alone as an individual but as a sex. Laws are 
enacted, unions formed, and what not done for man's 
protection, but the working woman is generally ig- 
nored. With your money, and even more with your 
ability, you could change for the better the condi- 
tion of girlhood and womanhood in every city and 
in every factory throughout the land. Largely because 
they are unorganized, women are overworked and 
underpaid to such an extent that other evils, which 
we deplore, follow as a natural sequence. By proper 
organization, by exciting public interest and en- 
listing the sympathy and active support of the 



humane element, which is to be found in every com- 
munity you will be able to bring about better condi- 

" If I were you, I would start my crusade in New 
York and work out a model organization there, so 
that you could educate your coadjutors as to the 
best methods, and then send them elsewhere to in- 
augurate the movement. Moreover, I would not con- 
fine my energies entirely to America, but Europe and 
other parts of the world should share its benefits, for 
human misery knows no sheltering land. 

" In conjunction with this plan, I would carry along 
still another. Workingmen have their clubs, their 
societies and many places for social gathering, but 
the women in most cities have none. As you know, 
the great majority of working girls live in tenements, 
crowded with their families in a room or two, or they 
live in cheap and lonely boarding houses. They have 
no chance for recreation after working hours or on 
holidays, unless they go to places it would be better to 
keep away from. If men wish to visit them, it must 
needs be in their bedrooms, on the street, or in some 
questionable resort." 

" How am I to change this condition? " said Sel- 


" In many ways," said Dru. " Have clubs for 
them, where they may sing, dance, read, exercise and 
have their friends visit them. Have good women 
in charge so that the influence will be of the best. 
Have occasional plays and entertainments for them, 
to which they may each invite a friend, and make such 
places pleasanter than others where they might go. 
And all the time protect them, and preferably in a 
way they are not conscious of. By careful atten- 
tion to the reading matter, interesting stories should 
be selected each of which would bear its own moral. 
Quiet and informal talks by the matron and others 
at opportune times, would give them an insight into 
the pitfalls around them, and make it more difficult 
for the human vultures to accomplish their undoing. 
There is no greater stain upon our vaunted civiliza- 
tion," continued Dru, " than our failure to protect 
; the weak, the unhappy and the abjectly poor of 

" Philosophers still treat of it in the abstract, mor- 
alists speak of it now and then in an academic way, 
but it is a subject generally shunned and thought 
hopelessly impossible. 

" It is only here and there that a big noble-hearted 
woman can be found to approach it, and then a 


Hull House is started, and under its sheltering roof 
unreckoned numbers of innocent hearted girls are 
saved to bless, at a later day, its patron saint. 

" Start Hull Houses, Senator Selwyn, along with 
your other plan, for it is all of a kind, and works to 
the betterment of woman. The vicious, the evil 
minded and the mature sensualist, we will always 
have with us, but stretch out your mighty arm, but- 
tressed as it is by fabulous wealth, and save from 
the lair of the libertines, the innocent, whose only 
crime is poverty and a hopeless despair. 

" In your propaganda for good," continued Dru, 
" do not overlook the education of mothers to the 
importance of sex hygiene, so that they may impart 
to their daughters the truth, and not let them gather 
their knowledge from the streets. 

" You may go into this great work, Senator Sel- 
wyn, with the consciousness that you are reaching a 
condition fraught with more consequence to society 
than any other that confronts it, for its ramifications 
for evil are beyond belief of any but the sociologist 
who has gone to its foundations." 



BUSY as General Dru had been rehabilitating 
domestic affairs, he never for a moment neg- 
lected the foreign situation. He felt that it 
was almost providential that he was in a position to 
handle it unhampered, for at no time in our history 
were we in such peril of powerful foreign coalition. 
Immediately after receiving from Selwyn the infor- 
mation concerning the British-German alliance, he 
had begun to build, as it were, a fire behind the British 
Ministry, and the result was its overthrow. When 
the English nation began to realize that a tentative 
agreement was being arrived at between their country 
on the one hand, and Germany and Japan on the other, 
with America as its object of attack, there was a 
storm of indignation; and when the new Ministry 
was installed the diplomatic machinery was set to 
work to undo, as nearly as could be, what their pred- 
ecessors had accomplished. 

In the meantime, Dru negotiated with them to the 
end that England and America were to join hands 



in a world wide policy of peace and commercial free- 
dom. According to Dru's plan, disarmaments were 
to be made to an appreciable degree, custom barriers 
were to be torn down, zones of influence clearly de- 
fined, and an era of friendly commercial rivalry es- 

It was agreed that America should approach Ger- 
many and Japan in furtherance of this plan, and 
when their consent was obtained, the rest would fol- 

Dru worked along these lines with both nations, 
using consummate tact and skill. Both Germany 
and Japan were offended at the English change of 
front, and were ready to listen to other proposals. 
To them, he opened up a wide vista of commercial 
and territorial expansion, or at least its equivalent. 
Germany was to have the freest commercial access to 
South America, and she was invited to develop those 
countries both with German colonists and German 

There was to be no coercion of the governments, 
or political control in that territory, but on the other 
hand, the United States undertook that there should 
be no laws enacted by them to restrain trade, and 
that the rights of foreigners should have the fullest 


protection. Dru also undertook the responsibility of 
promising that there should be no favoritism shown 
by the South and Central American governments, 
but that native and alien should stand alike before 
the law so far as property rights were concerned. 

Germany was to have a freer hand in the countries 
lying southeast of her and in Asia Minor. It was 
not intended that she should absorb them or infringe 
upon the rights as nations, but her sphere of influ- 
ence was to be extended over them much the same as 
ours was over South America. 

While England was not to be restricted in her 
trade relations with those countries, still she was 
neither to encourage emigration there nor induce cap- 
ital to exploit their resources. 

Africa and her own colonies were to be her special 
fields of endeavor. 

In consideration of the United States lifting prac- 
tically all custom barriers, and agreeing to keep out 
of the Eastern Hemisphere, upholding with her the 
peace and commercial freedom of the world, and of 
the United States recognizing the necessity of her 
supremacy on the seas, England, after having ob- 
tained the consent of Canada, agreed to relinquish 
her own sphere of political influence over the Do- 


minion, and let her come under that of the United 
States. Canada was willing that this situation 
should be brought about, for her trade conditions 
had become interwoven with those of the United 
States, and the people of the two countries freely in- 
termingled. Besides, since Dru had reconstructed 
the laws and constitution of the big republic, they 
were more in harmony with the Canadian institutions 
than before. 

Except that the United States were not to appoint 
a Governor General, the republic's relations with 
Canada were to be much the same as those between 
herself and the Mother Country. The American 
flag, the American destiny and hers were to be inter- 
woven through the coming ages. 

In relinquishing this most perfect jewel in her Im- 
perial crown, England suffered no financial loss, for 
Canada had long ceased to be a source of revenue, 
and under the new order of things, the trade rela- 
tions between the two would be increased rather than 
diminished. The only wrench was the parting with 
so splendid a province, throughout which, that noble 
insignia of British supremacy, the cross of St. 
George, would be forever furled. 

Administrator Dru's negotiations with Japan were 


no less successful than those with England. He first 
established cordial relations with her by announcing 
the intention of the United States to give the Phil- 
ippines their independence under the protection of 
Japan, reserving for America and the rest of the 
world the freest of trade relations with the Islands. 

Japan and China were to have all Eastern Asia 
as their sphere of influence, and if it pleased them 
to drive Russia back into Europe, no one would in- 

That great giant had not yet discarded the ways 
and habits of medievalism. Her people were not be- 
ing educated, and she indicated no intention of pre- 
paring them for the responsibilities of self govern- 
ment, to which they were entitled. Sometimes in his 
day dreams, Dru thought of Russia in its vastness, 
of the ignorance and hopeless outlook of the people, 
and wondered when her deliverance would come. 
There was, he knew, great work for someone to do in 
that despotic land. 

Thus Dru had formulated and put in motion an 
international policy, which, if adhered to in good 
faith, would bring about the comity of nations, a 
lasting and beneficent peace, and the acceptance of 
the principle of the brotherhood of man. 



GLORIA and Janet Selwyn saw much of one 
another in Washington, and Dru was with 
them both during those hours he felt neces- 
sary for recreation. Janet was ever bubbling over 
with fun and unrestrained humor, and was a constant 
delight to both Gloria and Dru. Somewhere deep 
in her soul there was a serious stratum, but it never 
came to the surface. Neither Gloria nor Dru knew 
what was passing in those turbulent depths, and 
neither knew the silent heartaches when she was alone 
and began to take an inventory of her innermost 
self. She had loved Dru from the moment she first 
saw him at her home in Philadelphia, but with 
that her prescience in such matters as only women 
have, she knew that nothing more than his friend- 
ship would ever be hers. She sometimes felt the bit- 
terness of woman's position in such situations. If 
Dru had loved her, he would have been free to pay 
her court, and to do those things which oftentimes 



awaken a kindred feeling in another. But she was 
helpless. An advancement from her would but lessen 
his regard, and make impossible that which she most 
desired. She often wondered what there was be- 
tween Gloria and Dru. Was there an attachment, 
an understanding, or was it one of those platonic 
friendships created by common interests and a com- 
mon purpose? She wished she knew. She was rea- 
sonably sure of Gloria. That she loved Dru seemed 
to admit of little doubt. But what of him? Did he 
love Gloria, or did his love encompass the earth, and 
was mankind ever to be his wife and mistress? She 
wished she knew. How imperturbable he was! 
.Was he to live and die a fathomless mystery? If 
he could not be hers, her generous heart plead for 
Gloria. She and Gloria often talked of Dru. There 
was no fencing between these two. Open and en- 
thusiastic admiration of Philip each expressed, but 
there were no confidences which revealed their hearts. 
Realizing that her love would never be reciprocated, 
Janet misled Philip as to her real feelings. One 
day when the three were together, she said, " Mr. 
Administrator, why don't you marry? It would add 
enormously to your popularity and it would keep a 
lot of us girls from being old maids." " How would 


it prevent your being an old maid, Janet? " said Dru. 
" Please explain." " Why, there are a lot of us that 
hope to have you call some afternoon, and ask us 
to be Mrs. Dru, and it begins to look to me as if 
some of us would be disappointed." Dru laughed 
and told her not to give up hope. And then he said 
more seriously " Some day when my work here is 
done, I shall take your advice if I can find someone 
who will marry me." " If you wait too long, Philip, 
you will be so old, no one will want you," said Janet. 
" I have a feeling, Janet, that somewhere there is a 
woman who knows and will wait. If I am wrong, 
then the future holds for me many bitter and unhappy 
hours." Dru said this with such deep feeling that 
both Gloria and Janet were surprised. And Janet 
wondered whether this was a message to some un- 
known woman, or was it meant for Gloria? She 
wished she knew. 



IN spite of repeated warnings from the United 
States, Mexico and the Central American Repub- 
lics had obstinately continued their old time habit 
of revolutions without just cause, with the result that 
they neither had stable governments within them- 
selves, nor any hope of peace with each other. 

One revolution followed another in quick succes- 
sion, until neither life nor property was safe. Eng- 
land, Germany and other nations who had citizens and 
investments there had long protested to the American 
Government, and Dru knew that one of the purposes 
of the proposed coalition against the United States 
had been the assumption of control themselves. 

Consequently, he took active and drastic steps to 
bring order out of chaos. He had threatened many 
times to police these countries, and he finally pre- 
pared to do so. 

Other affairs of the Dru administration were run- 
ning smoothly. The Army was at a high standard 



of efficiency, and the country was fully ready for 
the step when Dm sent one hundred thousand men 
to the Rio Grande, and demanded that the American 
troops be permitted to cross over and subdue the rev- 
olutionists and marauding bandits. 

The answer was a coalition of all the opposing 
factions and the massing of a large army of defense. 
The Central American Republics also joined Mexico, 
and hurriedly sent troops north. 

General Dru took personal command of the Ameri- 
can forces, crossed the Rio Grande at Laredo, and 
war was declared. There were a large number of 
Mexican soldiers at Monterey, but they fell back in 
order to get in touch with the main army below Sal- 

General Dru marched steadily on, but before he 
came to Saltillo, President Benevides, who com- 
manded his own army, moved southward, in order to 
give the Central American troops time to reach him. 
This was accomplished about fifty miles north of the 
City of Mexico. The allies had one hundred thou- 
sand men, and the American force numbered sixty 
thousand, Dru having left forty thousand at Laredo, 
Monterey and Saltillo. 

The two armies confronted one another for five 


days, General Benevides waiting for the Americans 
to attack, while General Dru was merely resting his 
troops and preparing them for battle. In the mean- 
time, he requested a conference with the Mexican 
Commander, and the two met with their staffs mid- 
way between the opposing armies. 

General Dru urged an immediate surrender, and 
fully explained his plans for occupation, so that it 
might be known that there was to be no oppression. 
He pointed out that it had become no longer possi- 
ble for the United States to ignore the disorder that 
prevailed in Mexico and those countries south of it, 
for if the United States had not taken action, Eu- 
rope would have done so. He expressed regret that 
a country so favored by God should be so abused 
by man, for with peace, order and a just administra- 
tion of the government, Mexico and her sister re- 
publics, he felt sure, would take a high place in the 
esteem of the world. He also said that he had care- 
fully investigated conditions, knew where the trouble 
lay, and felt sure that the mass of people would wel- 
come a change from the unbearable existing condi- 
tions. The country was then, and had been for cen- 
turies, wrongfully governed by a bureaucracy, and 
he declared his belief that the Mexican people as a 


whole believed that the Americans would give them a 
greater measure of freedom and protection than they 
had ever known before. 

Dru further told General Benevides that his army 
represented about all there was of opposition to 
America's offer of order and liberty, and he asked 
him to accept the inevitable, and not sacrifice the lives 
of the brave men in both commands. 

Benevides heard him with cold but polite silence. 

" You do not understand us, Senor Dru, nor that 
which we represent. We would rather die or be 
driven into exile than permit you to arrange our in- 
ternal affairs as you suggest. There are a few fam- 
ilies who have ruled Mexico since the first Spanish 
occupation, and we will not relinquish our hold until 
compelled to do so. At times a Juarez or a Diaz 
has attained to the Presidency, but we, the great 
families, have been the power behind each adminis- 
tration. The peons and canaille that you would edu- 
cate and make our political equals, are now where 
they rightfully belong, and your endeavors in their 
behalf are misplaced and can have no result except 
disaster to them. Your great Lincoln emancipated 
many millions of blacks, and they were afterwards 
given the franchise and equal rights. But can they 


exercise that franchise, and have they equal rights? 
You know they have not. You have placed them in 
a worse position than they were before. You have 
opened a door of hope that the laws of nature for- 
bid them to enter. So it would be here. Your the- 
ories and your high flown sentiment do you great 
credit, but, illustrious Senor, read the pages of your 
own history, and do not try to make the same mis- 
take again. Many centuries ago the all knowing 
Christ advised the plucking of the mote from thine 
own eye before attempting to remove it from that of 
thy brother." 

To this Dru replied : " Your criticism of us is 
only partly just. We lifted the yoke from the black 
man's neck, but we went too fast in our zeal for his 
welfare. However, we have taken him out of a 
boundless swamp where under the old conditions he 
must have wandered for all time without hope, and 
we have placed his feet upon firm ground, and are 
leading him with helping hands along the road of 

" That, though, Mr. President, is only a part of 
our mission to you. Our citizens and those of other 
countries have placed in your Republic vast sums 
for its development, trusting to your treaty guar- 


antees, and they feel much concern over their in- 
ability to operate their properties, not only to the 
advantage of your people, but to those to whom they 
belong. We of Western Europe and the United 
States have our own theories as to the functions 
of government, theories that perhaps you fail to 
appreciate, but we feel we must not only observe 
them ourselves, but try and persuade others to do 

" One of these ideas is the maintenance of order, 
so that when our hospitable neighbors visit us, they 
may feel as to their persons and property, as safe 
as if they were at home. 

" I am afraid our views are wide apart," con- 
cluded Dru, " and I say it with deep regret, for I 
wish we might arrive at an understanding without 
a clash at arms. I assure you that my visit to you 
is not selfish; it is not to acquire territory or for 
the aggrandizement of either myself or my country, 
but it is to do the work that we feel must be done, and 
which you refuse to do." 

" Senor Dru," answered Benevides, " it has been a 
pleasure to meet you and discuss the ethics of gov- 
ernment, but even were I willing to listen to your 
proposals, my army and adherents would not, so 


there is nothing we can do except to finish our argu- 
ment upon the field of battle." 

The interview was therefore fruitless, but Dru 
felt that he had done his duty, and he prepared for 
the morrow's conflict with a less heavy heart. 



IN the numbers engaged, in the duration and 
in the loss of life, the battle of La Tuna was 
not important, but its effect upon Mexico and 
the Central American Republics was epoch making. 
The manner of attack was characteristic of Dru's 
methods. His interview with General Benevides had 
ended at noon, and word soon ran through the camp 
that peace negotiations had failed with the result 
that the army was immediately on the alert and 
eager for action. Dru did not attempt to stop the 
rumor that the engagement would occur at dawn the 
next day. By dusk every man was in readiness, but 
they did not have to wait until morning, for as soon 
as supper was eaten, to the surprise of everyone, 
word came to make ready for action and march upon 
the enemy. Of Dru's sixty thousand men, twenty 
thousand were cavalry, and these he sent to attack 
the Mexican rear. They were ordered to move 



quietly so as to get as near to the enemy as possible 
before being discovered. 

It was not long before the Mexican outposts heard 
the marching of men and the rumble of gun car- 
riages. This was reported to General Benevides 
and he rode rapidly to his front. A general en- 
gagement at nightfall was so unusual that he could 
not believe the movement meant anything more than 
General Dru's intention to draw nearer, so that he 
could attack in the morning at closer range. 

It was a clear starlight night, and with the aid 
of his glasses he could see the dark line coming 
steadily on. He was almost in a state of panic 
when he realized that a general attack was intended. 
He rode back through his lines giving orders in an 
excited and irregular way. There was hurry and 
confusion everywhere, and he found it difficult to 
get his soldiers to understand that a battle was im- 
minent. Those in front were looking with a feeling 
akin to awe at that solid dark line that was ever 
coming nearer. The Mexicans soon began to fire 
from behind the breastworks that had been hastily 
erected during the few days the armies had been 
facing one another, but the shots went wild, doing 
but slight damage in the American ranks. Then 


came the order from Dru to charge, and with it 
came the Yankee yell. It was indeed no battle at 
all. By the time the Americans reached the earth- 
works, the Mexicans were in flight, and when the 
cavalry began charging the rear, the rout was com- 

In the battle of La Tuna, General Benevides 
proved himself worthy of his lineage. No general 
could have done more to rally his troops, or have 
been more indifferent to danger. He scorned to 
turn his back upon an enemy, and while trying to 
rally his scattered forces, he was captured, badly 

Every attention worthy his position was shown the 
wounded man. Proud and chivalrous as any of his 
race, he was deeply humiliated at the miserable 
failure that had been made to repell the invaders 
of his country, though keenly touched by the con- 
sideration and courtesy shown him by the American 

Dru made no spectacular entrance into the city, 
but remained outside and sent one of his staff with 
a sufficient force to maintain order. In an address 
announcing his intentions towards Mexico and her 
allies, Dru said " It is not our purpose to annex 


your country or any part of it, nor shall we demand 
any indemnity as the result of victory further than 
the payment of the actual cost of the war and the 
maintenance of the American troops while order is 
being restored. But in the future, our flag is to be 
your flag, and you are to be directly under the pro- 
tection of the United States. It is our purpose to 
give to your people the benefits of the most enlight- 
ened educational system, so that they may become 
fitted for the responsibilities of self-government. 
There will also be an equitable plan worked out by 
which the land now owned by a few will be owned 
by the many. In another generation, this beautiful 
land will be teeming with an educated, prosperous 
and contented people, who will regard the battlefield 
of La Tuna as the birthplace of their redemption. 

" Above all things, there shall not be thrust upon 
the Mexican people a carpet-bag government. Citi- 
zens of Mexico are to enforce the reconstructed con- 
stitution and laws, and maintain order with native 
troops, although under the protecting arm of the 
United States. 

" All custom duties are to be abolished excepting 
those uniform tariffs that the nations of the world 
have agreed upon for revenue purposes, and which 


in no way restrict the freedom of trade. It is our 
further purpose to have a constitution prepared 
under the direction and advice of your most patriotic 
and wisest men, and which, while modern to the last 
degree, will conform to your habits and customs. 

" However," he said in conclusion, " it is our pur- 
pose to take the most drastic measures against revo- 
lutionists, bandits and other disturbers of the peace." 

While Dru did not then indicate it, he had in 
mind the amalgamation of Mexico and the Central 
American Republics into one government, even 
though separate states were maintained. 



SEVEN years had passed since Philip Dru had 
assumed the administration of the Republic. 
Seven years of serious work and heavy re- 
sponsibility. His tenure of power was about to 
close, to close amidst the plaudits of a triumphant 
democracy. A Congress and a President had just 
been elected, and they were soon to assume the func- 
tions of government. For four years the States had 
been running along smoothly and happily under 
their new constitutions and laws. The courts as 
modified and adjusted were meeting every expecta- 
tion, and had justified the change. The revenues, 
under the new system of taxation, were ample, the 
taxes were not oppressive, and the people had quickly 
learned the value of knowing how much and for what 
they were paying. This, perhaps, more than any 
other thing, had awakened their interest in public 


The governments, both state and national, were 
being administered by able, well-paid men who were 
spurred by the sense of responsibility, and by the 
knowledge that their constituents were alert and 
keenly interested in the result of their endeavors. 

Some of the recommendations of the many com- 
missions had been modified and others adjusted to 
suit local conditions, but as a whole there was a 
general uniformity of statutes throughout the Union, 
and there was no conflict of laws between the states 
and the general government. 

By negotiations, by purchase and by allowing 
other powers ample coaling stations along the At- 
lantic and Pacific coasts, the Bahamas, Bermuda 
and the British, French and Danish West Indies 
were under American protection, and " Old Glory " 
was the undisputed emblem of authority in the 
northern half of the Western Hemisphere. 

Foreign and domestic affairs were in so satisfac- 
tory a condition that the army had been reduced 
to two hundred thousand men, and these were broadly 
scattered from the Arctic Sea to the Canal at Pan- 
ama. Since the flag was so widely flung, that num- 
ber was fixed as the minimum to be maintained. 
In reducing the army, Dru had shown his confidence 


in the loyalty of the people to him and their satis- 
faction with the government given them. 

Quickened by non-restrictive laws, the Merchant 
Marine of the United States had increased by leaps 
and bounds, until its tonnage was sufficient for its 
own carrying trade and a part of that of other coun- 

The American Navy at the close of Philip Dru's 
wise administration was second only to that of Eng- 
land, and together the two great English speaking 
nations held in their keeping the peace and com- 
mercial freedom of the Seven Seas. 



IN the years since he had graduated from West 
Point General Dru had learned to speak Ger- 
man, French and Spanish fluently, and he was 
learning with Gloria the language of the Slavs at 
odd moments during the closing months of his ad- 
ministration. Gloria wondered why he was so intent 
upon learning this language, and why he wanted her 
also to know it, but she no longer questioned him, 
for experience had taught her that he would tell her 
when he was ready for her to know. 

His labors were materially lightened in these clos- 
ing months, and as the time for his retirement drew 
near, he saw more and more of Gloria, Discarding 
the conventions, they took long rides together, and 
more frequently they took a few camp utensils, and 
cooked their mid-day meal in the woods. How glad 
Gloria was to see the pleasure these excursions gave 
him! No man of his age, perhaps of any age, she 
thought, had ever been under the strain of so heavy 



a responsibility, or had acquitted himself so well. 
She, who knew him best, had never seen him shirk 
his duty, nor try to lay his own responsibilities upon 
another's shoulders. In the hours of peril to him- 
self and to his cause he had never faltered. When 
there was a miscarriage of his orders or his plans, no 
word of blame came from him if the effort was loyal 
and the unhappy agent had given all of his energy 
and ability. 

He had met every situation with the fortitude that 
knows no fear, and with a wisdom that would cause 
him to be remembered as long as history lasts. 

And now his life's work was done. How happy 
she was ! If he did not love her, she knew he loved 
no one else, for never had she known him to be more 
than politely pleasant to other women. 

One golden autumn day, they motored far into the 
hills to the west of Washington. They camped 
upon a mighty cliff towering high above the Potomac. 
What pleasure they had preparing their simple meal ! 
It was hard for Gloria to realize that this light- 
hearted boy was the serious statesman and soldier 
of yesterday. When they had finished they sat in 
the warm sunshine on the cliff's edge. The gleaming 
river followed its devious course far below them, 


parting the wooded hills in the distance. The even* 
ing of the year had come, and forest and field had 
been touched by the Master's hand. For a long time 
they sat silent under the spell that nature had thrown 
around them. 

" I find it essential for the country's good to leave 
it for awhile, perhaps forever," said Philip Dru. 
" Already a large ma j ority of the newly elected 
House have asked me to become the Executive. If 
I accepted, there would be those who would believe 
that in a little while, I would again assume auto- 
cratic control. I would be a constant menace to my 
country if I remained within it. 

" I have given to the people the best service of 
which I was capable, and they know and appreciate 
it. Now I can serve them again by freeing them 
from the shadow of my presence and my name. I 
shall go to some obscure portion of the world where 
1 cannot be found and importuned to return. 

" There is at San Francisco a queenly sailing 
craft, manned and provisioned for a long voyage. 
She is waiting to carry me to the world's end if 
needs be." 

Then Philip took Gloria's unresisting hand, and 
said, " My beloved, will you come with me in my 


exile? I have loved you since the day that you 
came into my life, and you can never know how I 
have longed for the hour to come when I would be 
able to tell you so. Come with me, dear heart, into 
this unknown land and make it glad for me. Come 
because I am drunken with love of you and cannot go 
alone. Come so that the days may be flooded with 
joy and at night the stars may sing to me because 
you are there. Come, sweet Gloria, come with me." 
Happy Gloria! Happy Philip! She did not 
answer him. What need was there? How long they 
sat neither knew, but the sun was far in the west 
and was sending its crimson tide over an enchanted 
land when the lovers came back to earth. 

Far out upon the waters of San Francisco Bay lay 
the graceful yet sturdy Eaglet. The wind had 
freshened, the sails were filled, and she was going 
swift as a gull through the Golden Gate into a shim- 
mering sea. 

A multitude of friends, and those that wished them 
well, had gathered on the water front and upon the 
surrounding hills to bid farewell to Philip Dru and 
his bride Gloria. 

They watched in silent sadness as long as they 


could see the ship's silhouette against the western 
sky, and until it faded into the splendid waste of 
the Pacific. 

Where were they bound? Would they return? 
These were the questions asked by all, but to which 
none could give answer. 



(Governor-General of Canada, 1904-11.) 

One of the ablest champions of Co-partnership as 
a solution of the industrial problem is Earl Grey. 

Below are some remarkable passages from his 
presidential address to the Labor Co-partnership 

THE problem before us is how to organize our 
industry on lines the fairness of which will 
be generally admitted. Fairplay is the key- 
note of our British character, and I am satisfied, if 
employers and employed are properly approached, 
that wherever a feeling of mutual sympathetic regard 
exists between them they will both be prepared to con- 
sider fairly and to meet fully each other's require- 
ments. This is the belief on which we build our 
hopes of the future greatness of this country. Re- 
move this belief and the outlook is one of blackest 



Now what is the cause of the wide feeling of labor 
unrest? At the same time, while the average stand- 
ard of living, as a result of better education, has 
been considerably raised and the retail prices of food 
have risen 9.3 per cent, since 1900, wages in that 
period have only risen 3 per cent. Consequently 
the manual workers find themselves in straitened, 
pinched, and most distressing circumstances. Their 
difficulties have naturally given birth to a general 
belief, or at any rate added strength to it, that they 
are not receiving their fair share of the wealth their 
labor has helped so largely to create. Now, whether 
this belief is justified or not, there can be no doubt 
of its existence. 


The great fact with which we are confronted in 
the industries of to-day is that labor and capital 
are organized not in one but in opposing camps, 
with the object not so much of promoting the com- 
mon well-being of all connected with industry as of 
securing whatever advantage can be obtained in the 
prosecution of their common industry for themselves. 
The members of each camp consequently regard each 
other with distrust and suspicion. The capitalist is 


inclined to give the minimum that is necessary to 
secure the labor which he requires, and the worker in 
return considers that all that should be required from 
him is the minimum of labor which will save him from 

Then not only have we to consider the limiting 
effect on the efficiency of industry caused by the fact 
that capital and labor are ranged not in one but in 
opposing camps, but we have also to consider the 
effect on the attitude of the men towards the manage- 
ment caused by the growing tendency of the small 
business to be swallowed up by the large combine. 
In such cases the old feeling of mutual affection, 
confidence, and esteem, which in the past bound to- 
gether employer and employed, has been destroyed, 
and it must be obvious that unless we can adopt meth- 
ods which will restore in a new, and perhaps in a more 
satisfactory manner, the old spirit the efficiency of 
industry and the prosperity of the nation will both 

If you alter one part of any bit of machinery you 
must readjust all the other parts in order to secure 
smooth working, and if by substituting big businesses 
for small businesses you destroy the old intimate con- 
nection which formerly existed between masters and 


men, it would appear to be necessary, if you wish to 
maintain the old friendly relations between employer 
and employed, that you should establish your bus- 
iness on lines which will automatically create a feel- 
ing of loyalty on the part of all concerned to the 
industry with which they are connected. 

How is that to be done? By co-partnership. 

Now, what is the ideal of co-partnership? 

Ideal co-partnership is a system under which 
worker and consumer shall share with capitalists in 
the profits of industry. 


Under our present system the whole of the surplus 
profits go to capital, and it is the object of capital to 
give the worker the least wage for which he will con- 
sent to work, and to charge the consumer the highest 
price which he can be persuaded to give; conversely 
it is the ob j ect of labor to give as little as possible for 
the wage received. 

Now, that is a system which cannot possibly sat- 
isfy the requirements of a civilized and well-organized 
society. What we want is a system which will safe- 
guard the consumer, and also provide the worker with 
a natural, self-compelling inducement to help the in- 


dustry with which he is connected. That system is 
provided by co-partnership. Co-partnership insists 
that the workers have a right to participate in the net 
profits that may remain after capital has received its 
fixed reward. In a co-partnership business, just as 
the reward of labor is fixed by the trade union rate of 
wages, so the reward of capital is fixed by the amount 
which it is necessary for the industry to give. That 
amount will vary corresponding with the security of 
the risk attending the industry in question. If the 
industry is a safe one, it will be able to obtain the 
capital required by giving a small interest ; if the in- 
dustry is a risky one, it will be necessary to offer 
capital better terms. 

Then, if there should be surplus profits available 
for division after labor has received its fixed reward 
viz., trade union rate of wages and after capital 
has received its fixed reward viz., the rate of inter- 
est agreed upon as the fair remuneration of capital; 
I say if, after these two initial charges have been 
met, there should still be left surplus profits to dis- 
tribute, that instead of their going exclusively to 
capital they should be distributed between labor and 
capital on some principle of equity. 

The way in which the principle of co-partnership 


can be supplied to industrial enterprise admits of in- 
finite variety. In some cases the surplus profits are 
divided between wages, interest, and custom, in some 
cases between wages and custom without any share 
going to interest, and on some cases between wages 
and interest. 

As an example of a co-partnership industry which 
divides all surplus profits that may remain after 5 per 
cent, has been paid on capital between custom and 
labor, one pound of purchase counting for as much in 
the division as one pound of wage, let me refer to the 
well-known Hebden Bridge Fustian Works. I com- 
mend to all interested in co-partnership questions a 
close study of this industry. Started by working men 
in 1870, it has built up on lines of permanent success 
a flourishing business, and is making sufficient profits 
to enable it to divide 9d. in the pound on trade union 
rate of wages and the same amount on purchases. 
The steady progress of this manufacturing industry 
over a period of forty-two years ; the recognition by 
trade unionist management of the right of capital to 
receive an annual dividend of 5 per cent., and the res- 
olute way in which they have written down the capital 
of 44,300 invested in land, buildings and machinery 
to 14,800, notwithstanding that a less conservative 


policy would have increased the sum available for 
bonus to wages, all go to show how practicable are co- 
partnership principles when they are applied by all 
concerned to productive enterprise in the right spirit. 


I should also like to refer to Mr. Thompson's 
woolen mills of Huddersfield, established in 1886, as 
another brilliant example of successful co-partner- 
ship. It is frequently stated that in an industry 
where men are paid by piecework or share in the 
profits there is a tendency for the men to over-exert 
themselves. Well, in the Thompson Huddersfield 
mills there is no piecework, no overtime, only the 
weekly wage; no driving is allowed. The hours of 
labor are limited to forty-eight per week. The work- 
ers are given a whole week's holiday in August, and 
in addition they enjoy the benefits of a non-contribu^ 
tory sick and accident fund, and of a 24s. per week 
pension fund. In these mills cloth is made from wool 
and wool only, not an ounce of shoddy. Here again 
the surplus profits, after the fixed reward of capital 
! viz., interest at the rate of 5 per cent, per annum 
has been paid, are divided between labor and cus- 
tom ; and here again the capital sunk in the mills has 


been written down from 8,655 to 1,680. Un- 
profitable machinery is scrap-heaped. The mill has 
only the best, most up-to-date machinery, and all con- 
nected with the works, shareholders and workers, live 
together like a happy family. 

As an illustration of a co-partnership industry 
which divides its surplus profits between wages, in- 
terest, and custom, I might point to the gas com- 
panies which are being administered on the Livesey 
principle, which is now so well known. Since co- 
partnership principles were applied to the South 
Metropolitan Gas Works in 1899 over 500,000 has 
been paid, as their share of the profits, to the credit 
of the workers, who also own over 400,000 of the 
company's stock. The fact that over 50,000,000 
of capital is invested in gas companies administered 
on co-partnership principles, which divide surplus 
profits between consumers, shareholders, and wage- 
earners, encourages us to hope that we may look for- 
ward with confidence to the adoption of co-partner- 
ship principles by other industries. 

As an illustration of a co-partnership industry 
which divides its surplus profits between labor and 
capital alone, let me refer to the Walsall Padlock 
Society, one of the 114 workmen productive societies 


which may be regarded as so many different schools of 
co-partnership under exclusive trade unionist man- 
agement. In this society the rate of interest on share 
capital has been fixed at 7% per cent., and should 
there be any surplus profit after trade union rate of 
wages and the fixed reward of capital, 7% per cent., 
have been paid, it is divided between labor and capital 
in proportion to the value of their respective services, 
and the measure of the value is the price the Walsall 
Padlock Society pays for the use of capital and labor 
respectively. 1 of interest counts for as much in 
the division of the profits as 1 of wage, and vice 
versa. This principle of division, invented by the 
Frenchman Godin, of Guise, has always seemed to me 
to be absolutely fair and to be capable of being easily 
applied to many industries. 

Now in these cases I have quoted, and I could refer 
to many others, a unity of interest is established be- 
tween labor and capital, with the result that there is 
a general atmosphere of peace and of mutual broth- 
erhood and goodwill. 

Capital receives the advantage of greater security. 
Labor is secured the highest rate of wage the industry 
can afford. 



Now, what does the substitution of such conditions 
for the conditions generally prevailing to-day in Eng- 
land mean for our country? Who shall estimate the 
difference between the value of willing and unwilling 
service? The Board of Trade will tell you that a 
man paid by piecework is generally from 30 to 50 
per cent, more effective than a man paid by time. 

If the co-partnership principle, which is better 
than piecework, because it tends to produce identity 
of interest between capital and labor were to increase 
the efficiency of time-paid workers from 30 to 50 per 
cent., just think of the result; and yet the fact that 
co-partnership might add from 30 to 50 per cent, to 
the efficiency of the worker is urged by many trade 
unionists as a reason against co-partnership. They 
seem to fear that the result of making men co-part- 
ners will be to cause them to give 25 per cent, better 
labor and to receive only 50 per cent, more wage. 
No system can be right which is based on the assump- 
tion that self-interest calls for a man to give his worst 
instead of his best. When I compare Canada with 
England I am struck by the fact, that, whereas Can- 
ada's greatest undeveloped asset is her natural re- 


sources, England's greatest undeveloped asset is man 
himself. How to get each man to do his best is the 
problem before England to-day. It is because co- 
partnership harnesses to industry not only the muscle 
but the heart and the intelligence of the worker that 
we are justified in regarding it with reverence and 
enthusiasm as the principle of the future. 


Page 238. Sub. 1. Par. 2. 

The former qualification was five years' residence in 
the United States and in many States there were no 
restrictions placed upon education, nor was an under- 
standing of the English language necessary. 

Page 239. Sub. 1. Par. 3. 

Dru saw no good reason for limiting the time when 
an exceptionally endowed man could begin to serve 
the public. 

Page 239. Sub. 1. Par. 4. 

The Senate under Dru's plan of Government be- 
comes a quasi- judicial body, and it was his purpose to 
prevent any member of it or of the regular judiciary 
from making decisions with a view of furthering their 
political fortunes. Dru believed that it would be of 
enormous advantage to the Nation if Judges and 
Senators were placed in a position where their motives 
could not be questioned and where their only incentive 
was the general welfare. 

Page 239. Sub. 2. Par. 1. 

Why deprive the Republic of the services of a use- 
ful man because his particular district has more good 



congressional timber than can be used and another 
district has none? Or again, why relegate to private 
life a man of National importance merely because his 
residence happens to be in a district not entirely in 
harmony with his views? 

Page 239. Par. 2. 

The recall is here used for the reason that the term 
has been extended to six years, though the electorate 
retains the privilege of dismissing an undesirable 
member at the end of every two years. 

Page 240. Par. 3. 

The purpose here was to convene the House within 
two months instead of thirteen months after its elec- 
tion, and to limit its size in order to promote effi- 

Page 241. Sub. 3. Par. 1. 

The reason for using the recall here is that the 
term is lengthened to life and it seemed best to give 
the people a right to pass upon their Senators at 
stated periods. 

Page 246. Sub. 3. Par. Ib. 

The recall is used here, as in other instances, be- 
cause of the lengthened term and the desirability of 
permitting the people to pass upon a Governor's use- 
fulness at shorter periods. 

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